Pursell, David P
2009-01-01
BIO2010 advocates enhancing the interdisciplinary, mathematics, and physical science components of the undergraduate biology curriculum. The Department of Chemistry and Life Science at West Point responded by developing a required physical chemistry course tailored to the interests of life science majors. To overcome student resistance to physical chemistry, students were enabled as long-term stakeholders who would shape the syllabus by selecting life science topics of interest to them. The initial 2 yr of assessment indicates that students have a positive view of the course, feel they have succeeded in achieving course outcome goals, and that the course is relevant to their professional future. Instructor assessment of student outcome goal achievement via performance on exams and labs is comparable to that of students in traditional physical chemistry courses. Perhaps more noteworthy, both student and instructor assessment indicate positive trends from year 1 to year 2, presumably due to the student stakeholder effect.
Hughes, W. Jay
Questionnaire data (n = 297) examined the relationship between gender attributions of science and academic attributes for undergraduate science, mathematics, and technology majors from the perspective of gender schema theory. Female and male respondents perceived that (a) the role of scientist was sex typed as masculine, (b) their majors were more valuable for members of their gender than for those of the opposite gender, (c) their majors were more valuable for themselves than for members of their gender in general. Androgynous attributions of scientists and the value of one's major for women predicted value for oneself, major confidence, and career confidence, and masculine attributions of scientists predicted class participation for female respondents. Feminine attributions of scientists predicted graduate school intent; value for women predicted major confidence and subjective achievement, and value for men predicted value for oneself, course confidence, and career confidence for male respondents.
Wachsmuth, Lucas P.; Runyon, Christopher R.; Drake, John M.; Dolan, Erin L.
2017-01-01
Undergraduate life science majors are reputed to have negative emotions toward mathematics, yet little empirical evidence supports this. We sought to compare emotions of majors in the life sciences versus other natural sciences and math. We adapted the Attitudes toward the Subject of Chemistry Inventory to create an Attitudes toward the Subject of Mathematics Inventory (ASMI). We collected data from 359 science and math majors at two research universities and conducted a series of statistical tests that indicated that four AMSI items comprised a reasonable measure of students’ emotional satisfaction with math. We then compared life science and non–life science majors and found that major had a small to moderate relationship with students’ responses. Gender also had a small relationship with students’ responses, while students’ race, ethnicity, and year in school had no observable relationship. Using latent profile analysis, we identified three groups—students who were emotionally satisfied with math, emotionally dissatisfied with math, and neutral. These results and the emotional satisfaction with math scale should be useful for identifying differences in other undergraduate populations, determining the malleability of undergraduates’ emotional satisfaction with math, and testing effects of interventions aimed at improving life science majors’ attitudes toward math. PMID:28798211
Wachsmuth, Lucas P; Runyon, Christopher R; Drake, John M; Dolan, Erin L
2017-01-01
Undergraduate life science majors are reputed to have negative emotions toward mathematics, yet little empirical evidence supports this. We sought to compare emotions of majors in the life sciences versus other natural sciences and math. We adapted the Attitudes toward the Subject of Chemistry Inventory to create an Attitudes toward the Subject of Mathematics Inventory (ASMI). We collected data from 359 science and math majors at two research universities and conducted a series of statistical tests that indicated that four AMSI items comprised a reasonable measure of students' emotional satisfaction with math. We then compared life science and non-life science majors and found that major had a small to moderate relationship with students' responses. Gender also had a small relationship with students' responses, while students' race, ethnicity, and year in school had no observable relationship. Using latent profile analysis, we identified three groups-students who were emotionally satisfied with math, emotionally dissatisfied with math, and neutral. These results and the emotional satisfaction with math scale should be useful for identifying differences in other undergraduate populations, determining the malleability of undergraduates' emotional satisfaction with math, and testing effects of interventions aimed at improving life science majors' attitudes toward math. © 2017 L.P. Wachsmuth et al. CBE—Life Sciences Education © 2017 The American Society for Cell Biology. This article is distributed by The American Society for Cell Biology under license from the author(s). It is available to the public under an Attribution–Noncommercial–Share Alike 3.0 Unported Creative Commons License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0).
Marchut, Amber E.
Diversifying the student population and workforce under science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) is a necessity if innovations and creativity are to expand. There has not been a lot of literature regarding Deaf students in STEM especially regarding understanding how they persist in STEM undergraduate programs to successfully become STEM Bachelor of Science degree recipients. This study addresses the literature gap by investigating six students' experiences as they navigate their STEM undergraduate programs. The investigation uses narrative inquiry methodology and grounded theory method through the lens of Critical Race Theory and Critical Deaf Theory. Using videotaped interviews and observations, their experiences are highlighted using narratives portraying them as individuals surviving in a society that tends to perceive being deaf as a deficit that needs to be treated or cured. The data analysis also resulted in a conceptual model providing a description of how they persist. The crucial aspect of the conceptual model is the participants learned how to manage being deaf in a hearing-dominated society so they can reach their aspirations. The essential blocks for the persistence and managing their identities as deaf undergraduate STEMs include working harder, relying on familial support, and affirming themselves. Through the narratives and conceptual model of the six Deaf STEM undergraduates, the goal is to contribute to literature to promote a better understanding of the persistence of Deaf students, members of a marginalized group, as they pursue their dreams.
Wachsmuth, Lucas P.; Runyon, Christopher R.; Drake, John M.; Dolan, Erin L.
2017-01-01
Undergraduate life science majors are reputed to have negative emotions toward mathematics, yet little empirical evidence supports this. We sought to compare emotions of majors in the life sciences versus other natural sciences and math. We adapted the Attitudes toward the Subject of Chemistry Inventory to create an Attitudes toward the Subject of…
Snead-McDaniel, Kimberly
An expanding ethnicity gap exists in the number of students pursuing science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) careers in the United States. The National Action Council for Minorities in Engineering revealed that the number of minorities pursuing STEM degrees and careers has declined over the past few years. The specific origins of this trend are not quite evident; one variable to consider is that undergraduate minority students are failing in STEM disciplines at various levels of education from elementary to postsecondary. The failure of female and minority students to enter STEM disciplines in higher education have led various initiatives to establish programs to promote STEM disciplines among these groups. Additional funding for minority STEM programs have led to a increase in undergraduate minority students entering STEM disciplines, but the minority students' graduation rate in STEM disciplines is approximately 7% lower than the graduation of nonminority students in STEM disciplines. This phenomenological qualitative research study explores the lived experiences of underrepresented minority undergraduate college students participating in an undergraduate minority-mentoring program. The following nine themes emerged from the study: (a) competitiveness, (b) public perception, (c) dedication, (d) self-perception, (e) program activities, (f) time management, (g) exposure to career and graduate opportunities, (h) rigor in the curriculum, and (i) peer mentoring. The themes provided answers and outcomes to better support a stronger minority representation in STEM disciplines.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Koran, J.J. Jr. [Florida Museum of Natural History, Gainesville, FL (United States)
1993-10-15
Twenty-four undergraduate science and mathematics majors who were juniors and seniors in the colleges of Liberal Arts and Sciences and Engineering were recruited, and paid, to participate in an orientation seminar and act as teacher aides in regional schools and the Florida Museum of Natural History. Aides worked with teachers in the schools one semester and as docents in the natural history museum a second semester. Mentoring took place by the principal investigator and participating teachers and docents throughout the program. Success of the program was measured by a specially prepared attitude instrument which was administered to participants before the mentoring started and when it ended each semester. Written logs (field notes) were also prepared and submitted by participants at the end of each semester. Further, a tally was kept of the number of participants who decided to go into science or mathematics teaching as a result of the experience.
Mathematical Sciences in Australia
Thomas, Jan; Muchatuta, Michelle; Wood, Leigh
2009-01-01
This article investigates enrolment trends in mathematical sciences in Australian universities. Data has been difficult to extract and the coding for mathematical disciplines has made investigation challenging. We show that the number of mathematics major undergraduates in Australia is steadily declining though the number studying…
Leddy, Mark H.
2010-01-01
Americans with disabilities are underemployed in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) at higher rates than their nondisabled peers. This article provides an overview of the National science Foundation's Research in Disabilities Education (RDE) program, of technology use by students with disabilities (SWD) in STEM, and of…
Bakar Hasan, Abu; Fatah Abdul, Abdul; Selamat, Zalilah
2018-01-01
Critical claims by certain quarters that our local undergraduates are not performing well in Mathematics, Statistics and Numerical Methods needs a serious thinking and actions. Yearly examinations results from the Sijil Pelajaran Malaysia (SPM equivalent to A-Level) and Sijil Tinggi Pelajaran Malaysia (STPM equivalent to O-Level) levels have been splendid whereby it is either increasing or decreasing in a very tight range. A good foundation in mathematics and additional mathematics will tremendously benefit these students when they enter their university education especially in engineering and science courses. This paper uses SPM results as the primary data, questionnaires as secondary, and apply the Fish Bones technique for analysis. The outcome shows that there is a clear correlation between the causes and effect.
Hypolite, Karen L.
2012-01-01
Much of the nature of science research has been focused on high school students. High school students are primarily the target of such research to aid and to guide them in making informed decisions about possible career choices in the sciences (Bell, Blair, Crawford, & Lederman, 2002). Moreover, during review of the literature, little to no…
Hall, Alfred L., II
Previous research studies indicated that African Americans remain severely underrepresented in the field of science, mathematics, engineering, and technology (SMET), making up only 3% of that workforce, while representing 11.1% of all professional and related workers and 12.6% of the general population. As this country moves towards a more culturally diverse population, then representation of African Americans in SMET-related fields must be addressed in order to ensure our nation's competitiveness in a global market. This research study analyzed characteristics of African American undergraduate SMET majors participating in the Alliance for Minority Participation (AMP) program in six different states located in the Southeast region of the United States. These states consisted of Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, North Carolina, and South Carolina. AMP program participants completed a survey questionnaire, which collected information about potential factors that could affect their matriculation in SMET programs of studies at their respective institutions. Follow-up interviews and focus group sessions were also conducted with AMP participants to provide supplemental information to the survey data. The results of student responses were analyzed according to the type of institution the students attended (Historically Black College or University and Majority White Institution) as well as by the statewide Alliance program in which the students were involved. The students responded to survey questions that asked for their reasons for majoring in their field of study, their level of satisfaction with their institution, their impressions of student support programs and persons, their impressions of faculty and advisors, their reasons for thinking of switching majors, and their level of high school preparation. Statistical analyses of the student responses found that African American AMP students attending Historically Black Colleges and Universities differed from those
Snead-McDaniel, Kimberly
2010-01-01
An expanding ethnicity gap exists in the number of students pursuing science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) careers in the United States. The National Action Council for Minorities in Engineering revealed that the number of minorities pursuing STEM degrees and careers has declined over the past few years. The specific origins of…
Students' Perceptions of Assessment in Undergraduate Mathematics
Iannone, Paola; Simpson, Adrian
2013-01-01
A consistent message emerges from research on undergraduate students' perceptions of assessment which describes traditional assessment as detrimental to learning. However this literature has not included students in the pure sciences. Mathematics education literature advocates the introduction of innovative assessment at university. In this…
Identifying Avenues for Curriculum Development in Undergraduate Mathematics.
Frid, Sandra; And Others
The study reported in this paper represents the first stage of a five-year project aimed at improving the quality of teaching and learning in undergraduate mathematics courses for science and engineering students. Students were surveyed about their confidence in their mathematics background, their confidence with current mathematics topics, and…
Mathematical Modeling in the Undergraduate Curriculum
Toews, Carl
2012-01-01
Mathematical modeling occupies an unusual space in the undergraduate mathematics curriculum: typically an "advanced" course, it nonetheless has little to do with formal proof, the usual hallmark of advanced mathematics. Mathematics departments are thus forced to decide what role they want the modeling course to play, both as a component of the…
Abdelkarim, Ra'ed; Abuiyada, Reem
2016-01-01
This study explored the effects of peer teaching on mathematics academic achievement of the undergraduate students in Oman. The sample of this study composed of (32) undergraduate female students enrolled in the course, "Mathematics for Social Sciences I" in Mathematics and Sciences Unit in Dhofar University in spring semester 2014-2015.…
Sustaining Integrated Technology in Undergraduate Mathematics
Oates, Greg
2011-01-01
The effective integration of technology into the teaching and learning of mathematics remains one of the critical challenges facing contemporary tertiary mathematics. This article reports on some significant findings of a wider study investigating the use of technology in undergraduate mathematics. It first discusses a taxonomy developed to…
Hroch, Amber Michelle
2011-12-01
This grounded theory study revealed the common factors of backgrounds, strategies, and motivators in academically successful undergraduate women in science, engineering, and mathematics (SEM) fields at a private, research university in the West. Data from interviews with 15 women with 3.25 or better grade point averages indicated that current academic achievement in their college SEM fields can be attributed to previous academic success, self awareness, time management and organizational skills, and maintaining a strong support network. Participants were motivated by an internal drive to academically succeed and attend graduate school. Recommendations are provided for professors, advisors, and student affairs professionals.
Researching Undergraduate Social Science Research
Rand, Jane
2016-01-01
The experience(s) of undergraduate research students in the social sciences is under-represented in the literature in comparison to the natural sciences or science, technology, engineering and maths (STEM). The strength of STEM undergraduate research learning environments is understood to be related to an apprenticeship-mode of learning supported…
Fowler, Kathleen; Luttman, Aaron; Mondal, Sumona
2013-01-01
The US National Science Foundation's (NSF's) Undergraduate Biology and Mathematics (UBM) program significantly increased undergraduate research in the biomathematical sciences. We discuss three UBM-funded student research projects at Clarkson University that lie at the intersection of not just mathematics and biology, but also other fields. The…
Leading Undergraduate Research Projects in Mathematical Modeling
Seshaiyer, Padmanabhan
2017-01-01
In this article, we provide some useful perspectives and experiences in mentoring students in undergraduate research (UR) in mathematical modeling using differential equations. To engage students in this topic, we present a systematic approach to the creation of rich problems from real-world phenomena; present mathematical models that are derived…
Developing Digital Technologies for Undergraduate University Mathematics
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Triantafyllou, Eva; Timcenko, Olga
2013-01-01
Our research effort presented in this paper relates with developing digital tools for mathematics education at undergraduate university level. It focuses specifically on studies where mathematics is not a core subject but it is very important in order to cope with core subjects. For our design, we...... requirements for the development of digital tools that support mathematics teaching and learning at university level....... during lectures and exercise time. During these observations we were able to investigate how the applets were used in practice but also to get insight in the challenges that the students face during mathematics learning. These findings together with student feedback inspire the next round of design...
Carbajal, Sandy C.
Drawing from Latino/a Critical Race Theory and the related Community Cultural Wealth (CCW) model, I concentrate on three forms of CCW---aspirational, navigational, and resistance capital---for this qualitative study on the undergraduate experience of Latina students in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) majors, focusing on strategies and achieving baccalaureate attainment. I interviewed ten Latina students and asked them questions regarding their educational experiences in STEM majors, what contributed to their degree completion, and the strategies they employed for achieving baccalaureate attainment. I identified and described six themes within the study (the underrepresentation of Latinas in STEM majors, the lack of preparation by academic programs for upper division courses, motivators, involvement, time management, and support networks) that, when combined, contributed to participants' degree attainment. This study concludes with implications for policy and practice that would allow universities to better assist Latinas in STEM majors to achieve baccalaureate attainment.
Michaluk, Lynnette; Stoiko, Rachel; Stewart, Gay; Stewart, John
2018-04-01
Elementary teachers often hold inaccurate beliefs about the Nature of Science (NoS) and have negative attitudes toward science and mathematics. Using a pre-post design, the current study examined beliefs about the NoS, attitudes toward science and mathematics, and beliefs about the teaching of mathematics and science in a large sample study ( N = 343) of pre-service teachers receiving a curriculum-wide intervention to improve these factors in comparison with Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) and non-STEM majors in other physics courses ( N = 6697) who did not receive the intervention, over a 10-year period. Pre-service teachers evidenced initially more negative attitudes about mathematics and science than STEM majors and slightly more positive attitudes than non-STEM majors. Their attitudes toward mathematics and science and beliefs about the NoS were more similar to non-STEM than STEM majors. Pre-service teachers initially evidenced more positive beliefs about the teaching of mathematics and science, and their beliefs even increased slightly over the course of the semester, while these beliefs in other groups remained the same. Beliefs about the NoS and the teaching of mathematics and science were significantly negatively correlated for STEM and non-STEM majors, but were not significantly correlated for pre-service teachers. Beliefs about the NoS and attitudes toward mathematics and science were significantly positively correlated for both pre-service teachers and STEM students pursing the most mathematically demanding STEM majors. Attitudes toward science and mathematics were significantly positively correlated with accurate beliefs about the teaching of mathematics and science for all student groups.
Carrejo, David; Robertson, William H.
2011-01-01
Computer-based mathematical modeling in physics is a process of constructing models of concepts and the relationships between them in the scientific characteristics of work. In this manner, computer-based modeling integrates the interactions of natural phenomenon through the use of models, which provide structure for theories and a base for…
Moving beyond myths: revitalizing undergraduate mathematics
National Research Council Canada - National Science Library
National Research Council Staff; National Research Council; Mathematical Sciences Education Board
1991-01-01
... Sciences Mathematical Sciences Education Board National Research Council NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS Washington, D.C. 1991 i Copyrighttrue Please breaks inserted. are Page files. accidentally typesetting been have may original from the errors not typographic original retained, and from the created cannot be files XML from however, formatting, rec...
Students' Preferences in Undergraduate Mathematics Assessment
Iannone, P.; Simpson, A.
2015-01-01
Existing research into students' preferences for assessment methods has been developed from a restricted sample: in particular, the voice of students in the 'hard-pure sciences' has rarely been heard. We conducted a mixed method study to explore mathematics students' preferences of assessment methods. In contrast to the message from the general…
Teaching Undergraduate Mathematics Using CAS Technology: Issues and Prospects
Tobin, Patrick C.; Weiss, Vida
2016-01-01
The use of handheld CAS technology in undergraduate mathematics courses in Australia is paradoxically shrinking under sustained disapproval or disdain from the professional mathematics community. Mathematics education specialists argue with their mathematics colleagues over a range of issues in course development and this use of CAS or even…
Integrating Leadership Development throughout the Undergraduate Science Curriculum
Reed, Kelynne E.; Aiello, David P.; Barton, Lance F.; Gould, Stephanie L.; McCain, Karla S.; Richardson, John M.
2016-01-01
This article discusses the STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) Teaching and Research (STAR) Leadership Program, developed at Austin College, which engages students in activities integrated into undergraduate STEM courses that promote the development of leadership behaviors. Students focus on interpersonal communication,…
Structuring an Undergraduate Mathematics Seminar Dealing with Options and Hedging
Prevot, K. J.
2006-01-01
Offering mathematics majors the opportunity to engage in current, real-world applications can be an important enhancement to their undergraduate course curriculum. Instead of focusing on the traditional topic areas in pure and/or applied mathematics, one may structure a seminar course for senior mathematics majors by concentrating on a specific…
Mathematics and Computer Science | Argonne National Laboratory
Extreme Computing Data-Intensive Science Applied Mathematics Science & Engineering Applications Software Extreme Computing Data-Intensive Science Applied Mathematics Science & Engineering Opportunities For Employees Staff Directory Argonne National Laboratory Mathematics and Computer Science Tools
Bowyer, Jessica; Darlington, Ellie
2017-01-01
It is essential that physics undergraduates are appropriately prepared for the mathematical demands of their course. This study investigated physics students' perceptions of post-compulsory mathematics as preparation for their degree course. 494 physics undergraduates responded to an online questionnaire about their experiences of A-level…
Global Journal of Mathematical Sciences
African Journals Online (AJOL)
Global Journal of Mathematical Sciences publishes research work in all areas of ... of new theories, techniques and application to science, industry and society. The journal aims to promote the exchange of information and ideas between all ...
Computer Programming in the UK Undergraduate Mathematics Curriculum
Sangwin, Christopher J.; O'Toole, Claire
2017-01-01
This paper reports a study which investigated the extent to which undergraduate mathematics students in the United Kingdom are currently taught to programme a computer as a core part of their mathematics degree programme. We undertook an online survey, with significant follow-up correspondence, to gather data on current curricula and received…
Undergraduate Mathematics Students' Emotional Experiences in Linear Algebra Courses
Martínez-Sierra, Gustavo; García-González, María del Socorro
2016-01-01
Little is known about students' emotions in the field of Mathematics Education that go beyond students' emotions in problem solving. To start filling this gap this qualitative research has the aim to identify emotional experiences of undergraduate mathematics students in Linear Algebra courses. In order to obtain data, retrospective focus group…
Changing Beliefs about Teaching in Large Undergraduate Mathematics Classes
Kensington-Miller, Barbara; Sneddon, Jamie; Yoon, Caroline; Stewart, Sepideh
2013-01-01
Many lecturers use teacher-centred styles of teaching in large undergraduate mathematics classes, often believing in the effectiveness of such pedagogy. Changing these beliefs about how mathematics should be taught is not a simple process and many academic staff are reluctant to change their ways of lecturing due to tradition and ease. This study…
Scientists and Mathematicians Collaborating to Build Quantitative Skills in Undergraduate Science
Rylands, Leanne; Simbag, Vilma; Matthews, Kelly E.; Coady, Carmel; Belward, Shaun
2013-01-01
There is general agreement in Australia and beyond that quantitative skills (QS) in science, the ability to use mathematics and statistics in context, are important for science. QS in the life sciences are becoming ever more important as these sciences become more quantitative. Consequently, undergraduates studying the life sciences require better…
A Mathematics and Science Trail
Smith, Kathy Horak; Fuentes, Sarah Quebec
2012-01-01
In an attempt to engage primary-school students in a hands-on, real-world problem-solving context, a large urban district, a mathematics and science institute housed in a college of education, and a corporate sponsor in the southwest United States, joined forces to create a mathematics and science trail for fourth- and fifth-grade students. A…
Wightman, Bruce; Hark, Amy T.
2012-01-01
The development of fields such as bioinformatics and genomics has created new challenges and opportunities for undergraduate biology curricula. Students preparing for careers in science, technology, and medicine need more intensive study of bioinformatics and more sophisticated training in the mathematics on which this field is based. In this…
Mathematical Skills in Undergraduate Students. A Ten-Year Survey of a Plant Physiology Course
Llamas, A.; Vila, F.; Sanz, A.
2012-01-01
In the health and life sciences and many other scientific disciplines, problem solving depends on mathematical skills. However, significant deficiencies are commonly found in this regard in undergraduate students. In an attempt to understand the underlying causes, and to improve students' performances, this article describes a ten-year survey…
Computer programming in the UK undergraduate mathematics curriculum
Sangwin, Christopher J.; O'Toole, Claire
2017-11-01
This paper reports a study which investigated the extent to which undergraduate mathematics students in the United Kingdom are currently taught to programme a computer as a core part of their mathematics degree programme. We undertook an online survey, with significant follow-up correspondence, to gather data on current curricula and received replies from 46 (63%) of the departments who teach a BSc mathematics degree. We found that 78% of BSc degree courses in mathematics included computer programming in a compulsory module but 11% of mathematics degree programmes do not teach programming to all their undergraduate mathematics students. In 2016, programming is most commonly taught to undergraduate mathematics students through imperative languages, notably MATLAB, using numerical analysis as the underlying (or parallel) mathematical subject matter. Statistics is a very popular choice in optional courses, using the package R. Computer algebra systems appear to be significantly less popular for compulsory first-year courses than a decade ago, and there was no mention of logic programming, functional programming or automatic theorem proving software. The modal form of assessment of computing modules is entirely by coursework (i.e. no examination).
Mathematical Sciences Institute Workshop
Scott, Philip
1990-01-01
A so-called "effective" algorithm may require arbitrarily large finite amounts of time and space resources, and hence may not be practical in the real world. A "feasible" algorithm is one which only requires a limited amount of space and/or time for execution; the general idea is that a feasible algorithm is one which may be practical on today's or at least tomorrow's computers. There is no definitive analogue of Church's thesis giving a mathematical definition of feasibility; however, the most widely studied mathematical model of feasible computability is polynomial-time computability. Feasible Mathematics includes both the study of feasible computation from a mathematical and logical point of view and the reworking of traditional mathematics from the point of view of feasible computation. The diversity of Feasible Mathematics is illustrated by the. contents of this volume which includes papers on weak fragments of arithmetic, on higher type functionals, on bounded linear logic, on sub recursive definitions ...
Using Mathematics in Science: Working with Your Mathematics Department
Lyon, Steve
2014-01-01
Changes to the mathematics and science curriculums are designed to increase rigour in mathematics, and place greater emphasis on mathematical content in science subjects at key stages 3, 4 and 5 (ages 11-18). One way to meet the growing challenge of providing increased emphasis on mathematics in the science curriculum is greater collaboration…
Cognitive science and mathematics education
Schoenfeld, Alan H
1987-01-01
This volume is a result of mathematicians, cognitive scientists, mathematics educators, and classroom teachers combining their efforts to help address issues of importance to classroom instruction in mathematics. In so doing, the contributors provide a general introduction to fundamental ideas in cognitive science, plus an overview of cognitive theory and its direct implications for mathematics education. A practical, no-nonsense attempt to bring recent research within reach for practicing teachers, this book also raises many issues for cognitive researchers to consider.
Introducing Science to undergraduate students
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
P. Avila Jr
2006-07-01
Full Text Available The knowledge of scientific method provides stimulus and development of critical thinking and logical analysis of information besides the training of continuous formulation of hypothesis to be applied in formal scientific issues as well as in everyday facts. The scientific education, useful for all people, is indispensable for the experimental science students. Aiming at the possibility to offer a systematic learning of the scientific principles, we developed a undergraduate course designed to approximate the students to the procedures of scientific production and publication. The course was developed in a 40 hours, containing two modules: I. Introducing Scientific Articles (papers and II. Writing Research Project. The first module deals with: (1 the difference between scientific knowledge and common sense; (2 scientific methodology; (3 scientific publishing categories; (4 logical principles; (5 deduction and induction approach and (6 paper analysis. The second module includes (1 selection of problem to be solved by experimental procedures; (2 bibliography revision; (3 support agencies; (4 project writing and presentation and (5 critical analysis of experimental results. The course used a Collaborative Learning strategy with each topic being developed through activities performed by the students. Qualitative and quantitative (through Likert questionnaires evaluation were carried out in each step of the course, the results showing great appreciation by the students. This is also the opinion of the staff responsible for the planning and development of the course, which is now in its second and improved version.
National Center for Mathematics and Science
NCISLA logo National Center for Improving Student Learning and Achievement in Mathematics and Wisconsin-Madison Powerful Practices in Mathematics & Sciences A multimedia product for educators . Scaling Up Innovative Practices in Mathematics and Science (Research Report). Thomas P. Carpenter, Maria
Mathematical paradigms of climate science
Cannarsa, Piermarco; Jones, Christopher; Portaluri, Alessandro
2016-01-01
This book, featuring a truly interdisciplinary approach, provides an overview of cutting-edge mathematical theories and techniques that promise to play a central role in climate science. It brings together some of the most interesting overview lectures given by the invited speakers at an important workshop held in Rome in 2013 as a part of MPE2013 (“Mathematics of Planet Earth 2013”). The aim of the workshop was to foster the interaction between climate scientists and mathematicians active in various fields linked to climate sciences, such as dynamical systems, partial differential equations, control theory, stochastic systems, and numerical analysis. Mathematics and statistics already play a central role in this area. Likewise, computer science must have a say in the efforts to simulate the Earth’s environment on the unprecedented scale of petabytes. In the context of such complexity, new mathematical tools are needed to organize and simplify the approach. The growing importance of data assimilation te...
Undergraduate Mathematics Students' Understanding of the Concept of Function
Bardini, Caroline; Pierce, Robyn; Vincent, Jill; King, Deborah
2014-01-01
Concern has been expressed that many commencing undergraduate mathematics students have mastered skills without conceptual understanding. A pilot study carried out at a leading Australian university indicates that a significant number of students, with high tertiary entrance ranks, have very limited understanding of the concept of function,…
Predicting Success for Actuarial Students in Undergraduate Mathematics Courses
Smith, Richard Manning; Schumacher, Phyllis A.
2005-01-01
A study of undergraduate actuarial graduates found that math SAT scores, verbal SAT scores, percentile rank in high school graduating class, and percentage score on a college mathematics placement exam had some relevance to forecasting the students' grade point averages in their major. For both males and females, percentile rank in high school…
Advancing Research on Undergraduate Science Learning
Singer, Susan Rundell
2013-01-01
This special issue of "Journal of Research in Science Teaching" reflects conclusions and recommendations in the "Discipline-Based Education Research" (DBER) report and makes a substantial contribution to advancing the field. Research on undergraduate science learning is currently a loose affiliation of related fields. The…
Darlington, Ellie
2014-01-01
This article describes part of a study which investigated the role of questions in students' approaches to learning mathematics at the secondary-tertiary interface, focussing on the enculturation of students at the University of Oxford. Use of the Mathematical Assessment Task Hierarchy taxonomy revealed A-level Mathematics and Further Mathematics…
Introductory Life Science Mathematics and Quantitative Neuroscience Courses
Duffus, Dwight; Olifer, Andrei
2010-01-01
We describe two sets of courses designed to enhance the mathematical, statistical, and computational training of life science undergraduates at Emory College. The first course is an introductory sequence in differential and integral calculus, modeling with differential equations, probability, and inferential statistics. The second is an…
Three views of logic mathematics, philosophy, and computer science
Loveland, Donald W; Sterrett, S G
2014-01-01
Demonstrating the different roles that logic plays in the disciplines of computer science, mathematics, and philosophy, this concise undergraduate textbook covers select topics from three different areas of logic: proof theory, computability theory, and nonclassical logic. The book balances accessibility, breadth, and rigor, and is designed so that its materials will fit into a single semester. Its distinctive presentation of traditional logic material will enhance readers' capabilities and mathematical maturity. The proof theory portion presents classical propositional logic and first-orde
Logic, mathematics, and computer science modern foundations with practical applications
Nievergelt, Yves
2015-01-01
This text for the first or second year undergraduate in mathematics, logic, computer science, or social sciences, introduces the reader to logic, proofs, sets, and number theory. It also serves as an excellent independent study reference and resource for instructors. Adapted from Foundations of Logic and Mathematics: Applications to Science and Cryptography © 2002 Birkhӓuser, this second edition provides a modern introduction to the foundations of logic, mathematics, and computers science, developing the theory that demonstrates construction of all mathematics and theoretical computer science from logic and set theory. The focus is on foundations, with specific statements of all the associated axioms and rules of logic and set theory, and provides complete details and derivations of formal proofs. Copious references to literature that document historical development is also provided. Answers are found to many questions that usually remain unanswered: Why is the truth table for logical implication so uni...
Flipping Undergraduate Finite Mathematics: Findings and Implications
Guerrero, Shannon; Beal, Melissa; Lamb, Chris; Sonderegger, Derek; Baumgartel, Drew
2015-01-01
This paper reports on a research project that investigated the effects of a flipped instructional approach on student attitudes and achievement in a lower division university-level Finite Mathematics course. The project employed a mixed-methods design that included content exams, an attitude survey, open-ended student responses, observations, and…
Cundiff, Jessica L.; Vescio, Theresa K.; Loken, Eric; Lo, Lawrence
2013-01-01
The present research examined whether gender-science stereotypes were associated with science identification and, in turn, science career aspirations among women and men undergraduate science majors. More than 1,700 students enrolled in introductory science courses completed measures of gender-science stereotypes (implicit associations and…
The Language of Mathematics in Science
Boohan, Richard
2016-01-01
"The Language of Mathematics in Science" is an ASE/Nuffield project aimed at supporting teachers of 11-16 science in the use of mathematical ideas in the science curriculum. Two publications have been produced. This article focuses on the first of these, "The Language of Mathematics in Science: A Guide for Teachers of 11-16…
Internet Use Among Science Undergraduate Students: A ...
African Journals Online (AJOL)
The objective of this study was to identify and determine the extent of students\\' access to, and use of the Internet using the Science Undergraduate Students of University of Ibadan and University of Lagos as a case study. The study also aimed at comparing the rate of use among this group of students and determine which ...
Life Science Literacy of an Undergraduate Population
Medina, Stephanie R.; Ortlieb, Evan; Metoyer, Sandra
2014-01-01
Science content knowledge is a concern for educators in the United States because performance has stagnated for the past decade. Investigators designed this study to determine the current levels of scientific literacy among undergraduate students in a freshman-level biology course (a core requirement for majors and nonmajors), identify factors…
Caudill, Lester; Hill, April; Hoke, Kathy; Lipan, Ovidiu
2010-01-01
Funded by innovative programs at the National Science Foundation and the Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of Richmond faculty in biology, chemistry, mathematics, physics, and computer science teamed up to offer first- and second-year students the opportunity to contribute to vibrant, interdisciplinary research projects. The result was not only good science but also good science that motivated and informed course development. Here, we describe four recent undergraduate research proj...
Extreme Apprenticeship – Emphasising conceptual understanding in undergraduate mathematics
Rämö , Johanna; Oinonen , Lotta; Vikberg , Thomas
2015-01-01
International audience; Extreme Apprenticeship (XA) is an educational method that has been used in teaching undergraduate mathematics in the University of Helsinki. In this paper, we analyse the course assignments and exam questions of a certain lecture course that has recently been reformed to an XA-based course. The results show that the XA method has made it possible to move the emphasis from rote learning towards understanding the concepts behind the procedures.
Enhancing the Communication and Speaking Skills of Mathematics Undergraduates
Groves, James
2012-01-01
In June 2011, the University of Lancaster delivered a substantially-enhanced course in Communication and Presentation Skills to 108 second-year undergraduate mathematicians. The course was delivered jointly by staff in the Department of Mathematics and Statistics and CETAD, the Centre for Training and Development at Lancaster. Funding for the course and its increased staffing requirement came from an MSOR HE Curriculum Innovation Fund grant of £5,000. CETAD is a specialist unit which focuses ...
Undergraduate Research in Quantum Information Science
Lyons, David W.
2017-01-01
Quantum Information Science (QIS) is an interdisciplinary field involving mathematics, computer science, and physics. Appealing aspects include an abundance of accessible open problems, active interest and support from government and industry, and an energetic, open, and collaborative international research culture. We describe our student-faculty…
Teaching Mathematical Modelling for Earth Sciences via Case Studies
Yang, Xin-She
2010-05-01
Mathematical modelling is becoming crucially important for earth sciences because the modelling of complex systems such as geological, geophysical and environmental processes requires mathematical analysis, numerical methods and computer programming. However, a substantial fraction of earth science undergraduates and graduates may not have sufficient skills in mathematical modelling, which is due to either limited mathematical training or lack of appropriate mathematical textbooks for self-study. In this paper, we described a detailed case-study-based approach for teaching mathematical modelling. We illustrate how essential mathematical skills can be developed for students with limited training in secondary mathematics so that they are confident in dealing with real-world mathematical modelling at university level. We have chosen various topics such as Airy isostasy, greenhouse effect, sedimentation and Stokes' flow,free-air and Bouguer gravity, Brownian motion, rain-drop dynamics, impact cratering, heat conduction and cooling of the lithosphere as case studies; and we use these step-by-step case studies to teach exponentials, logarithms, spherical geometry, basic calculus, complex numbers, Fourier transforms, ordinary differential equations, vectors and matrix algebra, partial differential equations, geostatistics and basic numeric methods. Implications for teaching university mathematics for earth scientists for tomorrow's classroom will also be discussed. Refereces 1) D. L. Turcotte and G. Schubert, Geodynamics, 2nd Edition, Cambridge University Press, (2002). 2) X. S. Yang, Introductory Mathematics for Earth Scientists, Dunedin Academic Press, (2009).
Robeva, Raina
2009-01-01
The remarkable advances in the field of biology in the last decade, specifically in the areas of biochemistry, genetics, genomics, proteomics, and systems biology, have demonstrated how critically important mathematical models and methods are in addressing questions of vital importance for these disciplines. There is little doubt that the need for utilizing and developing mathematical methods for biology research will only grow in the future. The rapidly increasing demand for scientists with appropriate interdisciplinary skills and knowledge, however, is not being reflected in the way undergraduate mathematics and biology courses are structured and taught in most colleges and universities nationwide. While a number of institutions have stepped forward and addressed this need by creating and offering interdisciplinary courses at the juncture of mathematics and biology, there are still many others at which there is little, if any, interdisciplinary interaction between the curricula. This chapter describes an interdisciplinary course and a textbook in mathematical biology developed collaboratively by faculty from Sweet Briar College and the University of Virginia School of Medicine. The course and textbook are designed to provide a bridge between the mathematical and biological sciences at the lower undergraduate level. The course is developed for and is being taught in a liberal arts setting at Sweet Briar College, Virginia, but some of the advanced modules are used in a course at the University of Virginia for advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate students. The individual modules are relatively independent and can be used as stand-alone projects in conventional mathematics and biology courses. Except for the introductory material, the course and textbook topics are based on current biomedical research.
Mathematics education a spectrum of work in mathematical sciences departments
Hsu, Pao-sheng; Pollatsek, Harriet
2016-01-01
Many in the mathematics community in the U.S. are involved in mathematics education in various capacities. This book highlights the breadth of the work in K-16 mathematics education done by members of US departments of mathematical sciences. It contains contributions by mathematicians and mathematics educators who do work in areas such as teacher education, quantitative literacy, informal education, writing and communication, social justice, outreach and mentoring, tactile learning, art and mathematics, ethnomathematics, scholarship of teaching and learning, and mathematics education research. Contributors describe their work, its impact, and how it is perceived and valued. In addition, there is a chapter, co-authored by two mathematicians who have become administrators, on the challenges of supporting, evaluating, and rewarding work in mathematics education in departments of mathematical sciences. This book is intended to inform the readership of the breadth of the work and to encourage discussion of its val...
A mathematics content course and teaching efficacy beliefs of undergraduate majors in education.
Alkhateeb, Haitham M; Abed, Adnan S
2003-10-01
This study was designed to assess the mathematics teaching efficacy beliefs of undergraduates in elementary education through a manipulative-based course in mathematics. Responses of 106 university undergraduates to the 21-item Mathematics Teaching Efficacy Beliefs administered as pre- and posttest without a control group showed a significant immediate postcourse change in their efficacy beliefs using dependent t test.
Measuring Science Literacy in College Undergraduates
Impey, Chris David; Buxner, S. R.; Antonellis, J.; King, C.; Johnson, E.; CATS
2010-01-01
Initial results from a major study of scientific literacy are presented, involving nearly 10,000 undergraduates in science classes at a large Southwestern Land Grant public university over a 20-year period. The science content questions overlap with those in the NSF's Science Indicators series. About 10% of all undergraduates in the US take a General Education astronomy course, and NSF data and the work of Jon Miller show that the number of college science courses taken is the strongest predictor of civic scientific literacy. Our data show that gains in knowledge on any particular item through the time students graduate are only 10-15%. Among students who have taken most or all of their science requirements, one-in-three think that antibiotics kill viruses as well as bacteria, one-in-four think lasers work by focusing sound waves, one-in-five think atoms are smaller than electrons, and the same fraction is unaware that humans evolved from earlier species of animals and that the Earth takes a year to go around the Sun. The fraction of undergraduates saying that astrology is "not at all” scientific increases from 17% to a still-low 34% as they move through the university. Equally worrying, half of all science majors say that astrology is "sort of” or "very” scientific. Education majors - the cohort of future teachers - perform worse than average on most individual questions and in terms of their overall scientific literacy. Assuming the study institution is representative of the nation's higher education institutions, our instruction is not raising students to the level we would expect for educated citizens who must vote on many issues that relate to science and technology. We acknowledge the NSF for funding under Award No. 0715517, a CCLI Phase III Grant for the Collaboration of Astronomy Teaching Scholars (CATS) Program.
Who am I? ~ Undergraduate Computer Science Student
Ferris, Jane
2012-01-01
As part of a school review process a survey of the students was designed to gain insight into who the students of the school were. The survey was a voluntary anonymous online survey. Students were able to skip questions and select more than one option in some questions. This was to reduce frustration with participation in the survey and ensure that the survey was completed. This conference details the average undergraduate Computer Science student of a large third level institute.
Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Author Affiliations. Ali Reza Ashrafi1 Geetha Venkataraman1 2. Department of Mathematics, University of Kashan, Kashan, Iran; Department of Mathematics and Mathematical Sciences Foundation, St. Stephen's College, Delhi 110 007, India ...
Caudill, Lester; Hill, April; Hoke, Kathy; Lipan, Ovidiu
2010-01-01
Funded by innovative programs at the National Science Foundation and the Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of Richmond faculty in biology, chemistry, mathematics, physics, and computer science teamed up to offer first- and second-year students the opportunity to contribute to vibrant, interdisciplinary research projects. The result was not only good science but also good science that motivated and informed course development. Here, we describe four recent undergraduate research projects involving students and faculty in biology, physics, mathematics, and computer science and how each contributed in significant ways to the conception and implementation of our new Integrated Quantitative Science course, a course for first-year students that integrates the material in the first course of the major in each of biology, chemistry, mathematics, computer science, and physics.
Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Author Affiliations. XIAOXIANG JIAO1 MINGYAN LI2. School of Mathematical Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 101408, China; School of Mathematics and Statistics, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450001, China ...
Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
, Sichuan 614202, China; School of Mathematical Sciences, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu, Sichuan 610054, China; School of Mathematics and Statistics, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, Gansu 730000, ...
Introductory life science mathematics and quantitative neuroscience courses.
Duffus, Dwight; Olifer, Andrei
2010-01-01
We describe two sets of courses designed to enhance the mathematical, statistical, and computational training of life science undergraduates at Emory College. The first course is an introductory sequence in differential and integral calculus, modeling with differential equations, probability, and inferential statistics. The second is an upper-division course in computational neuroscience. We provide a description of each course, detailed syllabi, examples of content, and a brief discussion of the main issues encountered in developing and offering the courses.
Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences; Search. Search. Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences. Title. Author. Keywords. Fulltext. Submit. Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences. Current Issue : Vol. 128, Issue 2. Current Issue Volume 128 | Issue 2. April 2018. Home · Volumes & Issues · Special Issues ...
Mathematical Modeling in Combustion Science
Takeno, Tadao
1988-01-01
An important new area of current research in combustion science is reviewed in the contributions to this volume. The complicated phenomena of combustion, such as chemical reactions, heat and mass transfer, and gaseous flows, have so far been studied predominantly by experiment and by phenomenological approaches. But asymptotic analysis and other recent developments are rapidly changing this situation. The contributions in this volume are devoted to mathematical modeling in three areas: high Mach number combustion, complex chemistry and physics, and flame modeling in small scale turbulent flow combustion.
Mathematics and Computer Science: The Interplay
Madhavan, Veni CE
2005-01-01
Mathematics has been an important intellectual preoccupation of man for a long time. Computer science as a formal discipline is about seven decades young. However, one thing in common between all users and producers of mathematical thought is the almost involuntary use of computing. In this article, we bring to fore the many close connections and parallels between the two sciences of mathematics and computing. We show that, unlike in the other branches of human inquiry where mathematics is me...
Investigating Undergraduate Science Students' Conceptions and Misconceptions of Ocean Acidification
Danielson, Kathryn I.; Tanner, Kimberly D.
2015-01-01
Scientific research exploring ocean acidification has grown significantly in past decades. However, little science education research has investigated the extent to which undergraduate science students understand this topic. Of all undergraduate students, one might predict science students to be best able to understand ocean acidification. What…
Life Science Professional Societies Expand Undergraduate Education Efforts
Matyas, Marsha Lakes; Ruedi, Elizabeth A.; Engen, Katie; Chang, Amy L.
2017-01-01
The "Vision and Change in Undergraduate Biology Education" reports cite the critical role of professional societies in undergraduate life science education and, since 2008, have called for the increased involvement of professional societies in support of undergraduate education. Our study explored the level of support being provided by…
Undergraduate Origins of Recent Science and Engineering Doctorate Recipients.
Hill, Susan T.; And Others
Because undergraduate education is the foundation for graduate studies, it is important to know where our Nation's science and engineering (S&E) doctorate recipients are receiving their undergraduate training. Specifically, this report addresses the following broad questions: (1) What are the undergraduate origins of S&E doctorate holders? (2)…
Assessing mathematics within advanced school science qualifications
McAlinden, Mary; Noyes, Andrew
2017-01-01
Following sustained discussion regarding the relationship between advanced mathematics and science learning in England, the government has pursued a reform agenda in which mathematics is embedded in national, high stakes A-level science qualifications and their assessments for 18-year-olds. For example, A-level Chemistry must incorporate the assessment of relevant mathematics for at least 20% of the qualification. Other sciences have different mandated percentages. This embedding policy is ru...
Science and mathematics teachers of the future
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Michelsen, Claus; Nielsen, Jan Alexis; Petersen, Morten Rask
2008-01-01
This paper presents the project Science and Mathematics Teachers of the Future. The aim of the project is to develop and implement a graduate level equivalent degree program in mathematics and science instruction for in-service teachers of lower secondary education. This aim is achieved...... in the programme through involving the teachers in design, implementation and evaluation of innovative instructional sequences, which deals with a wide range of aspects of mathematics and science, e.g. modern science and the importance of science in society. In the program contemporary science and mathematics...... education research serves as a basis for the design and development of warranted practices with which the teachers may experiment in their classroom. We will focus on the outcomes of offering a program which is intimately tied to (i) contemporary science and mathematics education research, (ii) modern...
Abakpa , Benjamin ,; Abah , Joshua ,; Okoh Agbo-Egwu , Abel
2018-01-01
International audience; This study investigated the relationship between the science curiosity levels of undergraduate of mathematics education in a Nigerian higher educational institution and their academic grade point averages. The study employed a correlational survey research design on a random sample of 104 mathematics education students. The Science Curiosity Scale – Comparative Self Report was adapted to measure the students' distinctive appetite for consuming science-related media for...
Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences; Volume 123; Issue 2. Notes on Discrete Subgroups of Möbius Transformations ... Department of Applied Mathematics, Hunan University, Changsha 410082, People's Republic of China; School of Mathematics and Computational Science, Wuyi University, Jiangmen, ...
Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Department of Mathematics, Teachers College of Qingdao University, Qingdao 266071, People's Republic of China; School of Mathematical Sciences, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266100, People's Republic of China; School of Mathematical Sciences, Qufu Normal University, Qufu, Shandong 273165, People's ...
Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Author Affiliations. Yingqing Xiao1 Weiyuan Qiu2. College of Mathematics and Economics, Hunan University, Changsha 410082, China; School of Mathematical Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China ...
Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Author Affiliations. Dong Jun Jee1 Tuo Yeong Lee1 Nathaniel Zhi-Wei Leon1. Department of Mathematics, Statistics and Computing, NUS High School of Mathematics and Science, 20 Clementi Avenue 1, Singapore 129957, Republic of Singapore ...
Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Author Affiliations. Wenhua Gao1 Lin Tang2. School of Applied Mathematics, Beijing Normal University Zhuhai, Zhuhai 519085, People's Republic of China; LMAM, School of Mathematical Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, People's Republic of China ...
Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences; Volume 116; Issue 4 ... by application to a number of examples arising in physics and probability. ... Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Lancaster University, Lancaster LA1 4YF, ...
Connecting Mathematics in Primary Science Inquiry Projects
So, Winnie Wing-mui
2013-01-01
Science as inquiry and mathematics as problem solving are conjoined fraternal twins attached by their similarities but with distinct differences. Inquiry and problem solving are promoted in contemporary science and mathematics education reforms as a critical attribute of the nature of disciplines, teaching methods, and learning outcomes involving…
Applied Computational Mathematics in Social Sciences
Damaceanu, Romulus-Catalin
2010-01-01
Applied Computational Mathematics in Social Sciences adopts a modern scientific approach that combines knowledge from mathematical modeling with various aspects of social science. Special algorithms can be created to simulate an artificial society and a detailed analysis can subsequently be used to project social realities. This Ebook specifically deals with computations using the NetLogo platform, and is intended for researchers interested in advanced human geography and mathematical modeling studies.
Reforming Science and Mathematics Education
Lagowski, J. J.
1995-09-01
Since 1991, the National Science Foundation has signed cooperative agreements with 26 states to undertake ambitious and comprehensive initiatives to reform science, mathematics, and technology education. Collectively, those agreements are known as the State Systemic Initiatives (SSI's). Two complimentary programs, The Urban and Rural Systemic Initiatives (USI's and RSI's), address similar reforms in the nation's largest cities and poorest rural areas. The SSI Program departs significantly from past NSF practice in several ways. The funding is for a longer term and is larger in amount, and the NSF is taking a more activist role, seeking to leverage state and private funds and promote the coordination of programs within states. The Initiatives also have a stronger policy orientation than previous NSF programs have had. The NSF strategy is a reflection of the growing and widely held view that meaningful reforms in schools are most likely to be achieved through state initiatives that set clear and ambitious learning goals and standards; align all of the available policy levers in support of reform; stimulate school-level initiatives; and mobilize human and financial resources to support these changes. Two premises underlie systemic reform: (1) all children can meet significantly higher standards if they are asked to do so and given adequate opportunities to master the content, and (2) state and local policy changes can create opportunities by giving schools strong and consistent signals about the changes in practice and performance that are expected. Because this is an enormous investment of Federal resources that is intended to bring about deep, systemic improvement in the nation's ability to teach science and mathematics effectively, the NSF has contracted with a consortium of independent evaluators to conduct a review of the program. The first of the SSI's were funded in 1991, sufficiently long ago to begin to formulate some initial impressions of their impact. Take
BURECS: An Interdisciplinary Undergraduate Climate Science Program
Dennis, D. P.; Marchant, D. R.; Christ, A. J.; Ehrenfeucht, S.
2017-12-01
The current structure of many undergraduate programs, particularly those at large research universities, requires students to engage with a major or academic emphasis early in their university careers. This oftentimes curbs exploration outside the major and can inhibit interdisciplinary collaboration. The Boston University Research Education and Communication of Science (BURECS) program seeks to bridge this institutional divide by fostering interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary collaboration on climate change-related issues by students from across Boston University (B.U.). Every year, approximately fifteen first-year students from B.U.'s College of Arts and Sciences, College of Communication, and School of Education are selected to join BURECS, which includes a climate science seminar, a hands-on lab course, a supported summer internship with Boston-area researchers, and the opportunity to participate in Antarctic field work during subsequent B.U. Antarctic Research Group expeditions. Currently in its third year, BURECS is funded through the Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI) Professors Program.
African Journal of Educational Studies in Mathematics and Sciences
African Journals Online (AJOL)
African Journal of Educational Studies in Mathematics and Sciences. ... Studies in Mathematics and Sciences (AJESMS) is an international publication that ... in the fields of mathematics education, science education and related disciplines.
National Center for Mathematics and Science - teacher resources
Mathematics and Science (NCISLA) HOME | PROGRAM OVERVIEW | RESEARCH AND PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT support and improve student understanding of mathematics and science. The instructional resources listed Resources (CD)Powerful Practices in Mathematics and Science A multimedia product for educators, professional
Nardi, Elena
2000-01-01
Identifies and explores the difficulties in the novice mathematician's encounter with mathematical abstraction. Observes 20 first-year mathematics undergraduates and extracts sets of episodes from the transcripts of the tutorials and interviews within five topics in pure mathematics. Discusses issues related to the learning of one mathematical…
Vila, Francisca; Sanz, Amparo
2013-01-01
The importance of mathematical literacy in any scientific career is widely recognized. However, various studies report lack of numeracy and mathematical literacy in students from various countries. In the present work, we present a detailed study of the mathematical literacy of Spanish undergraduate students of Biology enrolled in a Plant…
Information Literacy in Mathematics Undergraduate Education: Where Does It Stand Today?
Bussmann, Jeffra Diane; Bond, Jeffrey D.
2015-01-01
The published literature on information literacy in mathematics is relatively sparse. This article explores the current state of information literacy initiatives in undergraduate mathematics. The authors survey academic librarians (n = 118) who liaise with mathematics departments in order to gain an understanding of their practices and attitudes…
Darlington, Ellie; Bowyer, Jessica
2017-01-01
An ongoing reform programme of the post-16 Advanced "A"-level qualifications in England and Wales means that pre-university mathematics content and assessment will change from 2017. Undergraduate engineering is a subject that relies heavily on mathematics, and applicants to engineering degree programmes in the UK are required to have…
Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Ravi P Agarwal1 Jong Kyu Kim2 Donal O' Regan3. Department of Mathematical Sciences, Florida Institute of Technology, Melbourne, Florida 32901-6975, USA; Department of Mathematics, Kyungnam University, Masan, Kyungnam 631-701, Korea; Department of Mathematics, National University of Ireland, Galway, Ireland ...
Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Author Affiliations. Jizheng Huang1 Yu Liu2. College of Sciences, North China University of Technology, Beijing 100144, People's Republic of China; School of Mathematics and Physics, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, China ...
Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Author Affiliations. Chengyuan Qu1 Yang Cao2. School of Science, Dalian Nationalities University, Dalian 116600, China; School of Mathematical Sciences, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, China ...
Mathematical modeling and signal processing in speech and hearing sciences
Xin, Jack
2014-01-01
The aim of the book is to give an accessible introduction of mathematical models and signal processing methods in speech and hearing sciences for senior undergraduate and beginning graduate students with basic knowledge of linear algebra, differential equations, numerical analysis, and probability. Speech and hearing sciences are fundamental to numerous technological advances of the digital world in the past decade, from music compression in MP3 to digital hearing aids, from network based voice enabled services to speech interaction with mobile phones. Mathematics and computation are intimately related to these leaps and bounds. On the other hand, speech and hearing are strongly interdisciplinary areas where dissimilar scientific and engineering publications and approaches often coexist and make it difficult for newcomers to enter.
Development and Evaluation of an Undergraduate Science Communication Module
Yeoman, Kay H.; James, Helen A.; Bowater, Laura
2011-01-01
This paper describes the design and evaluation of an undergraduate final year science communication module for the Science Faculty at the University of East Anglia. The module focuses specifically on science communication and aims to bring an understanding of how science is disseminated to the public. Students on the module are made aware of the…
Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences. A R Aithal. Articles written in Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences. Volume 115 Issue 1 February 2005 pp 93-102. On Two Functionals Connected to the Laplacian in a Class of Doubly Connected Domains in Space-Forms · M H C Anisa A R Aithal · More Details ...
Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Editorial Board. Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences. Chief Editor. B V Rajarama Bhat, Indian Statistical Institute, Bengaluru (bhat@isibang.ac.in). Associate Editor. Parameswaran Sankaran, The Institute of Mathematical Sciences, Chennai (sankaran@imsc.res.in). Advisory Board. M S Raghunathan, Indian Institute of ...
Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences; Volume 118; Issue 2 ... Quantum random walk; quantum Lévy process; discrete approximation. ... route de Gray, 25 030 Besançon cedex, France; Graduate School of Information Sciences, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8579, Japan; Department of Mathematics, ...
Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Sciences of Ain Chock, University of Hassan II, Casablanca, Morocco; Department of Mathematics, Keio University at Fujisawa, 5322 Endo, Kanagawa 252-8520, Japan; School of Science and Technology, Kwansei Gakuin University, 2-1 Gakuen, Sanda-City 6691337, Japan ...
Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences. José M Sigarreta. Articles written in Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences. Volume 120 Issue 5 November 2010 pp 593-609. Gromov Hyperbolicity in Cartesian Product Graphs · Junior Michel José M Rodríguez José M Sigarreta María Villeta · More Details Abstract ...
Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences; Volume 127; Issue 1. Projections of Veronese surface and morphisms from projective plane to Grassmannian ... M2, Universite Lille 1, F-59655 Villeneuve d'Ascq Cedex, France; Institute of Mathematical Sciences, CIT Campus, Taramani, Chennai 600 113, India ...
Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences. Basudeb Datta. Articles written in Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences. Volume 112 Issue 2 May 2002 pp 257-281. Two-Dimensional Weak Pseudomanifolds on Eight Vertices · Basudeb Datta Nandini Nilakantan · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. We explicitly ...
Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences. MEGHA GOYAL. Articles written in Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences. Volume 128 Issue 1 March 2018 pp 2 Research Article. On 3-way combinatorial identities · A K AGARWAL MEGHA GOYAL · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. In this paper, we provide ...
Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences. OLIVIA X M YAO. Articles written in Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences. Volume 127 Issue 3 June 2017 pp 393-410 Research Article. New modular relations involving cubes of the Göllnitz–Gordon functions · OLIVIA X M YAO · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF.
Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences. K R Parthasarathy. Articles written in Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences. Volume 113 Issue 1 February 2003 pp 3-13. A Remark on the Unitary Group of a Tensor Product of Finite-Dimensional Hilbert Spaces · K R Parthasarathy · More Details Abstract Fulltext ...
Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Author Affiliations. Arne Jensen1 2. Graduate School of Mathematical Sciences, University of Tokyo, 3-8-1 Komaba, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 153-8914, Japan; Department of Mathematical Sciences, Aalborg University, Fredrik Bajers Vej 7G, DK-9220 Aalborg Ø, Denmark ...
Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences; Volume 112; Issue 2. Sums of Two Polynomials with Each having Real Zeros Symmetric with the Other. Seon-Hong Kim. Volume 112 Issue 2 ... Author Affiliations. Seon-Hong Kim1. School of Mathematical Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742, Korea ...
Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences. SENJO SHIMIZU. Articles written in Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences. Volume 127 Issue 5 November 2017 pp 815-831 Special Issue. Qualitative behaviour of incompressible two-phase flows with phase transitions: The isothermal case · JAN PRÜSS SENJO ...
Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences. Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences. Volumes & Issues. Volume 128. Issue 1. Mar 2018; Issue 2. Apr 2018. Volume 127. Issue 1. Feb 2017; Issue 2. Apr 2017; Issue 3. Jun 2017; Issue 4. Sep 2017; Issue 5. Nov 2017. Volume 126. Issue 1. Feb 2016; Issue 2
Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences. Pravir Dutt. Articles written in Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences. Volume 112 Issue 4 November 2002 pp 601-639. Stability Estimates for ℎ- Spectral Element Methods for Elliptic Problems · Pravir Dutt Satyendra Tomar B V Rathish Kumar · More Details Abstract ...
Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences. Satyendra Tomar. Articles written in Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences. Volume 112 Issue 4 November 2002 pp 601-639. Stability Estimates for ℎ- Spectral Element Methods for Elliptic Problems · Pravir Dutt Satyendra Tomar B V Rathish Kumar · More Details ...
Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences. A GHAFFARI. Articles written in Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences. Volume 127 Issue 4 September 2017 pp 689-705 Research Article. Involutions and trivolutions on second dual of algebras related to locally compact groups and topological semigroups.
Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences. CHANCHAL KUMAR. Articles written in Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences. Volume 120 Issue 2 April 2010 pp 163-168. Deficiently Extremal Cohen-Macaulay Algebras · Chanchal Kumar Pavinder Singh · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. The aim of this paper is ...
Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences. INDRANIL BISWAS. Articles written in Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences. Volume 111 Issue 3 August 2001 pp 263-269. Stability of Picard Bundle Over Moduli Space of Stable Vector Bundles of Rank Two Over a Curve · Indranil Biswas Tomás L Gómez.
Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences. Q X Yang. Articles written in Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences. Volume 115 Issue 2 May 2005 pp 191-200. L p -Continuity for Calderón–Zygmund Operator · Q X Yang · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. Given a Calderón–Zygmund (- for short) operator , ...
Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences
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Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences; Volume 124; Issue 3. Time-Periodic Solution of a 2D ... Xiaopeng Zhao1 Changchun Liu2. School of Science, Jiangnan University, Wuxi 214122, People's Republic of China; Department of Mathematics, Jilin University, Changchun 130012, People's Republic of China ...
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Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences; Volume 127; Issue 3 ... TIFR Centre for Applicable Mathematics, P.O. Box 6503, Sharadanagar, GKVK Post, Bangalore 560 065, India; Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, C/o Sree Rama Engineering College (Transit Campus), Rami Reddy Nagar, ...
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Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences. Shobha Madan. Articles written in Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences. Volume 113 Issue 2 May 2003 pp 171-178. Wavelet Subspaces Invariant Under Groups of Translation Operators · Biswaranjan Behera Shobha Madan · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF.
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Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences. Rémi Léandre. Articles written in Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences. Volume 116 Issue 4 November 2006 pp 507-518 Non-commutative Probability Theory. Malliavin Calculus of Bismut Type without Probability · Rémi Léandre · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF.
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Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences; Forthcoming articles. Forthcoming articles. Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences. PMSC-D-14-00136. Combinatorics of tenth order mock theta functions. J K SAREEN M RANA. Abstract. In this paper we are providing the combinatorial interpretations of two tenth ...
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Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences. B V Rao. Articles written in Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences. Volume 116 Issue 1 February 2006 pp 83-96. On Characterisation of Markov Processes Via Martingale Problems · Abhay G Bhatt Rajeeva L Karandikar B V Rao · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF.
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Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences. Hongliang Yao. Articles written in Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences. Volume 120 Issue 2 April 2010 pp 199-207. A T -Algebras and Extensions of A T -Algebras · Hongliang Yao · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. Lin and Su classified A T -algebras of real rank ...
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Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences. Vijay Kodiyalam. Articles written in Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences. Volume 110 Issue 3 August 2000 pp 263-292. The Algebra of -relations · Vijay Kodiyalam R Srinivasan V S Sunder · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. In this paper, we study a tower { A n G ...
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Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences. Antonio J Calderón Martín. Articles written in Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences. Volume 118 Issue 3 August 2008 pp 351-356. On Split Lie Algebras with Symmetric Root Systems · Antonio J Calderón Martín · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. We develop ...
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Author Affiliations. E M El-Kholy1 El-Said R Lashin2 Salama N Daoud2. Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science, Tanta University, Tanta, Egypt; Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science, El-Minufiya University, Shebeen El-Kom, Egypt ...
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Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences. MIHAJA RAKOTOMALALA. Articles written in Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences. Volume 127 Issue 3 June 2017 pp 411-421 Research Article. On a problem of Pillai with Fibonacci numbers and powers of 2 · MAHADI DDAMULIRA FLORIAN LUCA MIHAJA ...
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Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences. Bülent Nafi Örnek. Articles written in Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences. Volume 126 Issue 1 February 2016 pp 69-78. Sharpened forms of the generalized Schwarz inequality on the boundary · Tuğba Akyel Bülent Nafi Örnek · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF.
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Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences. Suprio Bhar. Articles written in Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences. Volume 125 Issue 1 February 2015 pp 113-125. Differential operators on Hermite Sobolev spaces · Suprio Bhar B Rajeev · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. In this paper, we compute the Hilbert ...
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Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences. MOHAMED KHALIL ZGHAL. Articles written in Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences. Volume 128 Issue 1 March 2018 pp 13 Research Article. Sharp Adams-type inequality invoking Hardy inequalities · MOHAMED KHALIL ZGHAL · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF.
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Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences. K B Sinha. Articles written in Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences. Volume 111 Issue 2 May 2001 pp 179-201. Spectra of Anderson Type Models with Decaying Randomness · M Krishna K B Sinha · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. In this paper we consider some ...
Investigating Undergraduate Science Students’ Conceptions and Misconceptions of Ocean Acidification
Danielson, Kathryn I.; Tanner, Kimberly D.
2015-01-01
Scientific research exploring ocean acidification has grown significantly in past decades. However, little science education research has investigated the extent to which undergraduate science students understand this topic. Of all undergraduate students, one might predict science students to be best able to understand ocean acidification. What conceptions and misconceptions of ocean acidification do these students hold? How does their awareness and knowledge compare across disciplines? Undergraduate biology, chemistry/biochemistry, and environmental studies students, and science faculty for comparison, were assessed on their awareness and understanding. Results revealed low awareness and understanding of ocean acidification among students compared with faculty. Compared with biology or chemistry/biochemistry students, more environmental studies students demonstrated awareness of ocean acidification and identified the key role of carbon dioxide. Novel misconceptions were also identified. These findings raise the question of whether undergraduate science students are prepared to navigate socioenvironmental issues such as ocean acidification. PMID:26163563
Incorporating Primary Literature in Undergraduate Crop Science Courses
Scott, Lori K.; Simmons, Steve R.
2006-01-01
Primary literature is an underutilized learning resource for undergraduate courses in crop science. Reading assignments from scientific journals were utilized in an undergraduate University of Minnesota crop physiology course at Southwest Minnesota State University from 2002 to 2004. The subjects of the articles corresponded to the lecture topics.…
Health Sciences undergraduate education at UCT: a story of transformation.
Hartman, Nadia; Kathard, Harsha; Perez, Gonda; Reid, Steve; Irlam, James; Gunston, Geney; Janse van Rensburg, Vicki; Burch, Vanessa; Duncan, Madeleine; Hellenberg, Derek; Van Rooyen, Ian; Smouse, Mantoa; Sikakane, Cynthia; Badenhorst, Elmi; Ige, Busayo
2012-03-02
Undergraduate education and training in the Faculty of Health Sciences at the University of Cape Town has become socially responsive. A story of transformation that is consonant with wider societal developments since the 1994 democratic elections, outlining the changes in undergraduate curricula across the faculty, is presented.
Strengthening programs in science, engineering and mathematics. Third annual progress report
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Sandhu, S.S.
1997-09-30
The Division of Natural Sciences and Mathematics at Claflin College consists of the Departments of Biology, Chemistry, Computer Science, Physics, Engineering and Mathematics. It offers a variety of major and minor academic programs designed to meet the mission and objectives of the college. The division`s pursuit to achieve excellence in science education is adversely impacted by the poor academic preparation of entering students and the lack of equipment, facilities and research participation, required to impart adequate academic training and laboratory skills to the students. Funds were received from the US Department of Energy to improve the divisional facilities and laboratory equipment and establish mechanism at pre-college and college levels to increase (1) the pool of high school students who will enroll in Science and Mathematics courses (2) the pool of well qualified college freshmen who will seek careers in Science, Engineering and Mathematics (3) the graduation rate in Science,engineering and Mathematics at the undergraduate level and (4) the pool of well-qualified students who can successfully compete to enter the graduate schools of their choice in the fields of science, engineering, and mathematics. The strategies that were used to achieve the mentioned objectives include: (1) Improved Mentoring and Advisement, (2) Summer Science Camp for 7th and 8th graders, (3) Summer Research Internships for Claflin SEM Seniors, (4) Summer Internships for Rising High School Seniors, (5) Development of Mathematical Skills at Pre-college/Post-secondary Levels, (6) Expansion of Undergraduate Seminars, (7) Exposure of Undergraduates to Guest Speakers/Roll Models, (8) Visitations by Undergraduate Students to Graduate Schools, and (9) Expanded Academic Program in Environmental Chemistry.
University Science and Mathematics Education in Transition
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Skovsmose, Ole; Valero, Paola; Christensen, Ole Ravn
configuration poses to scientific knowledge, to universities and especially to education in mathematics and science. Traditionally, educational studies in mathematics and science education have looked at change in education from within the scientific disciplines and in the closed context of the classroom....... Although educational change is ultimately implemented in everyday teaching and learning situations, other parallel dimensions influencing these situations cannot be forgotten. An understanding of the actual potentialities and limitations of educational transformations are highly dependent on the network...... of educational, cultural, administrative and ideological views and practices that permeate and constitute science and mathematics education in universities today. University Science and Mathematics Education in Transition contributes to an understanding of the multiple aspects and dimensions of the transition...
Mathematical foundation of computer science
Singh, YN
2005-01-01
The interesting feature of this book is its organization and structure. That consists of systematizing of the definitions, methods, and results that something resembling a theory. Simplicity, clarity, and precision of mathematical language makes theoretical topics more appealing to the readers who are of mathematical or non-mathematical background. For quick references and immediate attentions¾concepts and definitions, methods and theorems, and key notes are presented through highlighted points from beginning to end. Whenever, necessary and probable a visual approach of presentation is used. The amalgamation of text and figures make mathematical rigors easier to understand. Each chapter begins with the detailed contents, which are discussed inside the chapter and conclude with a summary of the material covered in the chapter. Summary provides a brief overview of all the topics covered in the chapter. To demonstrate the principles better, the applicability of the concepts discussed in each topic are illustrat...
Field Research in the Teaching of Undergraduate Soil Science
Brevik, Eric C.; Senturklu, Songul; Landblom, Douglas
2015-04-01
Several studies have demonstrated that undergraduate students benefit from research experiences. Benefits of undergraduate research include 1) personal and intellectual development, 2) more and closer contact with faculty, 3) the use of active learning techniques, 4) creation of high expectations, 5) development of creative and problem-solving skills, 6) greater independence and intrinsic motivation to learn, and 7) exposure to practical skills. The scientific discipline also benefits, as studies have shown that undergraduates who engage in research experiences are more likely to remain science majors and finish their degree program (Lopatto, 2007). Research experiences come as close as possible to allowing undergraduates to experience what it is like to be an academic or research member of their profession working to advance their discipline. Soils form in the field, therefore, field experiences are very important in developing a complete and holistic understanding of soil science. Combining undergraduate research with field experiences can provide extremely beneficial outcomes to the undergraduate student, including increased understanding of and appreciation for detailed descriptions and data analysis as well as an enhanced ability to see how various parts of their undergraduate education come together to understand a complex problem. The experiences of the authors in working with undergraduate students on field-based research projects will be discussed, along with examples of some of the undergraduate research projects that have been undertaken. In addition, student impressions of their research experiences will be presented. Reference Lopatto, D. 2007. Undergraduate research experiences support science career decisions and active learning. CBE -- Life Sciences Education 6:297-306.
Akinsola, Mojeed Kolawole; Tella, Adedeji; Tella, Adeyinka
2007-01-01
Procrastination is now a common phenomenon among students, particularly those at the higher level. And this is doing more harm to their academic achievement than good. Therefore, this study examined the correlates between academic procrastination and mathematics achievement among the university mathematics undergraduate students. The study used a…
Larripa, Kamila R.; Mazzag, Borbala
2016-01-01
Our paper describes a solution we found to a still existing need to develop mathematical modeling courses for undergraduate biology majors. Some challenges of such courses are: (i) relatively limited exposure of biology students to higher-level mathematical and computational concepts; (ii) availability of texts that can give a flavor of how…
Trends in Basic Mathematical Competencies of Beginning Undergraduates in Ireland, 2003-2013
Treacy, Páraic; Faulkner, Fiona
2015-01-01
Deficiencies in beginning undergraduate students' basic mathematical skills has been an issue of concern in higher education, particularly in the past 15 years. This issue has been tracked and analysed in a number of universities in Ireland and internationally through student scores recorded in mathematics diagnostic tests. Students beginning…
Commognitive Analysis of Undergraduate Mathematics Students' First Encounter with the Subgroup Test
Ioannou, Marios
2018-01-01
This study analyses learning aspects of undergraduate mathematics students' first encounter with the subgroup test, using the commognitive theoretical framework. It focuses on students' difficulties as these are related to the object-level and metalevel mathematical learning in group theory, and, when possible, highlights any commognitive…
Science and Mathematics in Astronomy
Woolack, Edward
2009-01-01
A brief historical introduction to the development of observational astronomy will be presented. The close historical relationship between the successful application of mathematical concepts and advances in astronomy will be presented. A variety of simple physical demonstrations, hands-on group activities, and puzzles will be used to understand how the properties of light can be used to understand the contents of our universe.
History of mathematics and history of science.
Mann, Tony
2011-09-01
This essay argues that the diversity of the history of mathematics community in the United Kingdom has influenced the development of the subject and is a significant factor behind the different concerns often evident in work on the history of mathematics when compared with that of historians of science. The heterogeneous nature of the community, which includes many who are not specialist historians, and the limited opportunities for academic careers open to practitioners have had a profound effect on the discipline, leading to a focus on elite mathematics and great mathematicians. More recently, reflecting earlier developments in the history of science, an increased interest in the context and culture of the practice of mathematics has become evident.
Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences; Volume 115; Issue 3. Volume 115, Issue 3. August 2005, pages 241-369. pp 241-249. Some Properties of ... with some properties which are mathematically and statistically interesting. pp 251-257. Homeomorphisms and the Homology of Non-Orientable Surfaces.
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... Lecture Workshops · Refresher Courses · Symposia · Live Streaming. Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences; Volume 111; Issue 3. On Totally Reducible Binary Forms: I ... Author Affiliations. C Hooley1. School of Mathematics, Cardiff University, Senghennydd Road, PO Box 926, Cardiff CF24 4YH, UK ...
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Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences; Volume 125; Issue 4. Yoneda algebras of almost Koszul algebras. Zheng Lijing. Volume 125 Issue 4 November 2015 ... Author Affiliations. Zheng Lijing1. School of Mathematics and Physics, University of South China, Hengyang, Hunan, People's Republic of China ...
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Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences; Volume 121; Issue 2. Principal Bundles whose Restrictions to a Curve are Isomorphic. Sudarshan ... Author Affiliations. Sudarshan Rajendra Gurjar1. School of Mathematics, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Dr Homi Bhabha Road, Mumbai 400 005, India ...
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Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences; Volume 120; Issue 3. The Atiyah Bundle and Connections on a Principal Bundle. Indranil Biswas. Volume 120 Issue 3 ... Author Affiliations. Indranil Biswas1. School of Mathematics, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Homi Bhabha Road, Mumbai 400 005, India ...
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Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences; Volume 115; Issue 4. Large Time Behaviour of Solutions of a System of Generalized Burgers Equation. K T Joseph ... Author Affiliations. K T Joseph1. School of Mathematics, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Homi Bhabha Road, Mumbai 400 005, India ...
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Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences; Volume 114; Issue 1. Representability of Hom Implies Flatness. Nitin Nitsure. Volume 114 Issue 1 February 2004 pp 7-14 .... Author Affiliations. Nitin Nitsure1. School of Mathematics, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Homi Bhabha Road, Mumbai 400 005, India ...
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Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences; Volume 124; Issue 1. A Note on Conjugacy Classes of Finite Groups. Hemant Kalra Deepak Gumber. Volume 124 ... Author Affiliations. Hemant Kalra1 Deepak Gumber1. School of Mathematics and Computer Applications, Thapar University, Patiala 147 004, India ...
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Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences; Volume 119; Issue 1. On some Frobenius Restriction Theorems for Semistable Sheaves. V B Mehta V Trivedi ... Author Affiliations. V B Mehta1 V Trivedi1. School of Mathematics, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Homi Bhabha Road, Mumbai 400 005, India ...
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Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences; Volume 119; Issue 2. Sign (di)Lemma for Dimension Shifting. Nitin Nitsure. Volume 119 Issue 2 April 2009 pp 179-186 ... Author Affiliations. Nitin Nitsure1. School of Mathematics, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Homi Bhabha Road, Mumbai 400 005, India ...
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Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences; Volume 123; Issue 1. One-Parameter Family of Solitons from Minimal Surfaces. Rukmini Dey Pradip Kumar. Volume 123 Issue 1 ... Author Affiliations. Rukmini Dey1 Pradip Kumar1. School of Mathematics, Harish Chandra Research Institute, Allahabad 211 019, India ...
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Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences; Volume 113; Issue 2. The Weierstrass–Enneper Representation using Hodographic Coordinates on a Minimal Surface. Rukmini Dey. Volume ... Author Affiliations. Rukmini Dey1. School of Mathematics, Harish-Chandra Research Institute, Allahabad 211 019, India ...
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Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences; Volume 118; Issue 2. Some Remarks on the Local Fundamental Group Scheme. V B Mehta S ... Author Affiliations. V B Mehta1 S Subramanian1. School of Mathematics, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Homi Bhabha Road, Mumbai 400 005, India ...
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Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences; Volume 111; Issue 1. Limits of Commutative Triangular Systems on Locally Compact Groups. Riddhi Shah. Volume 111 ... Author Affiliations. Riddhi Shah1. School of Mathematics, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Homi Bhabha Road, Mumbai 400 005, India ...
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Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences; Volume 122; Issue 2. On Cohomology Theory for Topological Groups. Arati S Khedekar C S Rajan ... Author Affiliations. Arati S Khedekar1 C S Rajan1. School of Mathematics, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Homi Bhabha Road, Mumbai 400 005, India ...
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Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences; Volume 115; Issue 4. On the Orders of Finite Semisimple Groups. Shripad M Garge. Volume 115 Issue 4 November 2005 pp 411- .... Author Affiliations. Shripad M Garge1. School of Mathematics, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Colaba, Mumbai 400 005, India ...
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Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Author Affiliations. Jung Rye Lee1 Choonkil Park2 Dong Yun Shin3. Department of Mathematics, Daejin University, Kyeonggi 487-711, Korea; Research Institute for Natural Sciences, Hanyang University, Seoul 133-791, Korea; Department of Mathematics, University of Seoul, Seoul 130-743, Korea ...
Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences
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Author Affiliations. Dumitru Popa1. Department of Mathematics, University of Constanta, Bd. Mamaia 124, 8700 Constanta, Romania. Dates. Manuscript received: 21 January 2008; Manuscript revised: 20 June 2008. Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences. Current Issue : Vol. 128, Issue 1 · Current Issue Volume 128 | Issue 1
Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences
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Arne Jensen1 Gheorghe Nenciu2 3. Department of Mathematical Sciences, Aalborg University, Fredrik Bajers Vej 7G, DK-9220 Aalborg Ø, Denmark; Department of Theoretical Physics, University of Bucharest, P. O. Box MG11, 76900 Bucharest, Romania; Institute of Mathematics “Simion Stoilow” of the Romanian Academy, ...
Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Author Affiliations. Radu Ioan Boţ1 Anca Dumitru2 Gert Wanka1. Faculty of Mathematics, Chemnitz University of Technology, D-09107 Chemnitz, Germany; Faculty of Mathematics and Computer Science, Babes¸-Bolyai University, Str. Kog˜alniceanu nr. 1, 400084 Cluj-Napoca, Romania ...
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Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences; Volume 127; Issue 2. Nonfiniteness of Hilbert–Kunz functions. V TRIVEDI. Research Article Volume 127 Issue 2 April 2017 ... Author Affiliations. V TRIVEDI1. School of Mathematics, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Homi Bhabha Road, Mumbai 400 005, India ...
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Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences; Volume 124; Issue 1. Boundedness of Composition of Operators Associated with Different Homogeneities on Weighted Besov and ... Author Affiliations. Xinfeng Wu1. Department of Mathematics, China University of Mining and Technology, Beijing 100083, China ...
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Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Author Affiliations. Jiangtao Shi1 Cui Zhang1 2. School of Mathematics and Information Science, Yantai University, Yantai 264005, China; University of Primorska, IAM, Muzejski trg 2, 6000 Koper, Slovenia ...
Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
dimensional stochastic Navier–Stokes equations in the presence of delays. The results extend some of the existing results. Author Affiliations. Huabin Chen1. Department of Mathematics, School of Science, Nanchang University, Nanchang 330031, ...
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Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences; Volume 126; Issue 3 ... method on BSDEs with non-uniformly Lipschitz coefficients and its applications ... School of Statistics, Qufu Normal University, Qufu, Shandong 273165, China ...
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2. Faculty of Mathematics and Computer Science, University of Bucharest, Bucharest, Academiei Str., 14, 010014, Romania; Technical University of Civil Engineering, Bucharest, Lacul Tei Blvd., 122-124, 020396, Romania ...
Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
. Articles written in Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences. Volume 121 Issue 1 February 2011 pp 93-109. Analysis of a Malaria Model with Mosquito-Dependent Transmission Coefficient for Humans · G C Hazarika Anuradha Bhattacharjee.
Mathematical logic foundations for information science
Li, Wei
2014-01-01
Mathematical logic is a branch of mathematics that takes axiom systems and mathematical proofs as its objects of study. This book shows how it can also provide a foundation for the development of information science and technology. The first five chapters systematically present the core topics of classical mathematical logic, including the syntax and models of first-order languages, formal inference systems, computability and representability, and Gödel’s theorems. The last five chapters present extensions and developments of classical mathematical logic, particularly the concepts of version sequences of formal theories and their limits, the system of revision calculus, proschemes (formal descriptions of proof methods and strategies) and their properties, and the theory of inductive inference. All of these themes contribute to a formal theory of axiomatization and its application to the process of developing information technology and scientific theories. The book also describes the paradigm of three kinds...
History of mathematics and history of science
Mann, Tony
2011-01-01
This essay argues that the diversity of the history of mathematics community in the United Kingdom has influenced the development of the subject and is a significant factor behind the different concerns often evident in work on the history of mathematics when compared with that of historians of science. The heterogeneous nature of the community, which includes many who are not specialist historians, and the limited opportunities for academic\\ud careers open to practitioners have had a profoun...
Tariq, Vicki N.; Qualter, Pamela; Roberts, Sian; Appleby, Yvon; Barnes, Lynne
2013-12-01
This empirical study explores the roles that Emotional Intelligence (EI) and Emotional Self-Efficacy (ESE) play in undergraduates' mathematical literacy, and the influence of EI and ESE on students' attitudes towards and beliefs about mathematics. A convenience sample of 93 female and 82 male first-year undergraduates completed a test of mathematical literacy, followed by an online survey designed to measure the students' EI, ESE and factors associated with mathematical literacy. Analysis of the data revealed significant gender differences. Males attained a higher mean test score than females and out-performed the females on most of the individual questions and the associated mathematical tasks. Overall, males expressed greater confidence in their mathematical skills, although both males' and females' confidence outweighed their actual mathematical proficiency. Correlation analyses revealed that males and females attaining higher mathematical literacy test scores were more confident and persistent, exhibited lower levels of mathematics anxiety and possessed higher mathematics qualifications. Correlation analyses also revealed that in male students, aspects of ESE were associated with beliefs concerning the learning of mathematics (i.e. that intelligence is malleable and that persistence can facilitate success), but not with confidence or actual performance. Both EI and ESE play a greater role with regard to test performance and attitudes/beliefs regarding mathematics amongst female undergraduates; higher EI and ESE scores were associated with higher test scores, while females exhibiting higher levels of ESE were also more confident and less anxious about mathematics, believed intelligence to be malleable, were more persistent and were learning goal oriented. Moderated regression analyses confirmed mathematics anxiety as a negative predictor of test performance in males and females, but also revealed that in females EI and ESE moderate the effects of anxiety on test
Applied Mathematics, Modelling and Computational Science
Kotsireas, Ilias; Makarov, Roman; Melnik, Roderick; Shodiev, Hasan
2015-01-01
The Applied Mathematics, Modelling, and Computational Science (AMMCS) conference aims to promote interdisciplinary research and collaboration. The contributions in this volume cover the latest research in mathematical and computational sciences, modeling, and simulation as well as their applications in natural and social sciences, engineering and technology, industry, and finance. The 2013 conference, the second in a series of AMMCS meetings, was held August 26–30 and organized in cooperation with AIMS and SIAM, with support from the Fields Institute in Toronto, and Wilfrid Laurier University. There were many young scientists at AMMCS-2013, both as presenters and as organizers. This proceedings contains refereed papers contributed by the participants of the AMMCS-2013 after the conference. This volume is suitable for researchers and graduate students, mathematicians and engineers, industrialists, and anyone who would like to delve into the interdisciplinary research of applied and computational mathematics ...
Gender Digital Divide and Challenges in Undergraduate Computer Science Programs
Stoilescu, Dorian; McDougall, Douglas
2011-01-01
Previous research revealed a reduced number of female students registered in computer science studies. In addition, the female students feel isolated, have reduced confidence, and underperform. This article explores differences between female and male students in undergraduate computer science programs in a mid-size university in Ontario. Based on…
Mathematics for engineering, technology and computing science
Martin, Hedley G
1970-01-01
Mathematics for Engineering, Technology and Computing Science is a text on mathematics for courses in engineering, technology, and computing science. It covers linear algebra, ordinary differential equations, and vector analysis, together with line and multiple integrals. This book consists of eight chapters and begins with a discussion on determinants and linear equations, with emphasis on how the value of a determinant is defined and how it may be obtained. Solution of linear equations and the dependence between linear equations are also considered. The next chapter introduces the reader to
The Teachers Academy for Mathematics and Science
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
1992-01-01
In his State of the Union address on January 31, 1990, President Bush set a goal for US students to be number one in the world in mathematics and science achievement by the year 2000. The Teachers Academy for Mathematics and Science in Chicago is an experiment of unprecedented boldness and scale that can provide a means to the President's goal, both for the Chicago area and as a national model. This document covers organization and governance, program activities, future training goals, and evaluation programs.
The Growing Importance of Linear Algebra in Undergraduate Mathematics.
Tucker, Alan
1993-01-01
Discusses the theoretical and practical importance of linear algebra. Presents a brief history of linear algebra and matrix theory and describes the place of linear algebra in the undergraduate curriculum. (MDH)
Integrating Mathematics and Science: Ecology and Venn Diagrams
Leszczynski, Eliza; Munakata, Mika; Evans, Jessica M.; Pizzigoni, Francesca
2014-01-01
Efforts to integrate mathematics and science have been widely recognized by mathematics and science educators. However, successful integration of these two important school disciplines remains a challenge. In this article, a mathematics and science activity extends the use of Venn diagrams to a life science context and then circles back to a…
Teaching science and ethics to undergraduates: a multidisciplinary approach.
McGowan, Alan H
2013-06-01
The teaching of the ethical implications of scientific advances in science courses for undergraduates has significant advantages for both science and non-science majors. The article describes three courses taught by the author as examples of the concept, and examines the disadvantages as well as the advantages. A significant advantage of this approach is that many students take the courses primarily because of the ethical component who would not otherwise take science. A disadvantage is less time in the course for the science; arguably, this is outweighed by the greater retention of the science when it is put into context.
Mathematical Sciences Research Institute Workshop
Mirror Symmetry I
1998-01-01
This volume is an updated edition of ""Essays on Mirror Manifolds"", the first book of papers published after the phenomenon of mirror symmetry was discovered. The two major groups who made the discovery reported their papers here. Greene, Plesser, and Candelas gave details on their findings; Witten gave his interpretation which was vital for future development. Vafa introduced the concept of quantum cohomology. Several mathematicians, including Katz, Morrison, Wilson, Roan, Tian, Hubsch, Yau, and Borcea discussed current knowledge about Calabi-Yau manifolds. Ferrara and his coauthors addressed special geometry and $N=2$ supergravity. Rocek proposed possible mirrors for Calabi-Yau manifolds with torsion. This collection continues to be an important book on this spectacular achievement in algebraic geometry and mathematical physics.
National Center for Mathematics and Science - publications
: Designing Statistics Instruction for Middle School Students Summer 2003: Algebraic Skills and Strategies for newsletter cover The National Center for Research in Mathematical Sciences Education (NCRMSE) (1987-1995 -Level Reform Fall 1993: Assessment Models Winter 1994: Reforming Geometry Spring 1994: Statistics and
Sharpen Your Skills: Mathematics and Science Braille.
Eulert, Von E.; Cohn, Doris
1984-01-01
Three articles about mathematics and science braille are provided for braille transcribers and teachers of the visually handicapped. The first article discusses common problems such as setting braille writers incorrectly, duplicating transcribed materials unnecessarily, and incorrectly transcribing from typescript. The second article provides a…
Enhancing Undergraduate Mathematics Curriculum via Coding Theory and Cryptography
Aydin, Nuh
2009-01-01
The theory of error-correcting codes and cryptography are two relatively recent applications of mathematics to information and communication systems. The mathematical tools used in these fields generally come from algebra, elementary number theory, and combinatorics, including concepts from computational complexity. It is possible to introduce the…
The Evolution of an Undergraduate Actuarial Mathematics Program
Kennedy, Kristin; Schumacher, Phyllis
2014-01-01
Bryant University was originally a school for business majors and offered only a few mathematics courses. After becoming accredited by the New England Association of Colleges and Universities in the 1960s, the college was required to upgrade its offerings in the area of mathematics. In the 1970s, the department offerings were increased to include…
Coursework in Cognition by Mathematics Undergraduates: A Seven Year Review.
Nelson, David
2000-01-01
It has become increasingly possible for mathematics students to include a limited number of approved optional, non-traditional modules in their programs. Surveys coursework in four non-specialist modules over a seven-year period, and examines work in the area of mathematical cognition. (Contains 16 references.) (Author/ASK)
German Undergraduate Mathematics Enrolment Numbers: Background and Change
Ammann, Claudia; Frauendiener, Jorg; Holton, Derek
2010-01-01
Before we consider the German tertiary system, we review the education system and consider other relevant background details. We then concentrate on the tertiary system and observe that the mathematical enrolments are keeping up with the overall student enrolments. At the same time, the first year mathematics enrolments for women are greater than…
African Journal of Educational Studies in Mathematics and Sciences ...
African Journals Online (AJOL)
African Journal of Educational Studies in Mathematics and Sciences: Advanced Search. Journal Home > African Journal of Educational Studies in Mathematics and Sciences: Advanced Search. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads.
The Instructional Network: Using Facebook to Enhance Undergraduate Mathematics Instruction
Gregory, Peter; Gregory, Karen; Eddy, Erik
2014-01-01
Facebook is a website with over one billion users worldwide that is synonymous with social-networking. However, in this study, Facebook is used as an "instructional network". Two sections of an undergraduate calculus course were used to study the effects of participating in a Facebook group devoted solely to instruction. One section was…
Fiondella, F.; Davi, N. K.; Wattenberg, F.; Pringle, P. T.; Greidanus, I.; Oelkers, R.
2015-12-01
Tree-ring science provides an engaging, intuitive, and relevant entryway into understanding both climate change and environmental research. It also sheds light on the process of science--from inspiration, to fieldwork, to analysis, to publishing and communication. The basic premise of dendrochronology is that annual rings reflect year-to-year environmental conditions and that by studying long-lived trees we can learn about environmental and climatic conditions going back hundreds to thousands of years. Conceptually, this makes tree-ring studies accessible to students and faculty for a number of reasons. First, in order to collect their data, dendrochronologists often launch expeditions to stunningly picturesque and remote places in search of long-lived, climate sensitive trees. The exciting stories and images that scientists bring back from the field can help connect students to the studies, their motivation, and the data collected. Second, tree rings can be more easily explained as a proxy for climate than ice cores, speleothems and others. Most people have prior knowledge about trees and annual growth rings. It is even possible, for example, for non-expert audiences to see climate variability through time with the naked eye by looking at climate-sensitive tree cores. Third, tree rings are interdisciplinary and illustrate the interplay between the mathematical sciences, the biological sciences, and the geosciences—that is, they show that the biosphere is a fundamental component of the Earth system. Here, we present online, multi-media learning modules for undergraduates that introduce students to several foundational studies in tree-ring science. These include evaluating tree-ring cores from ancient hemlock trees growing on a talus slope in New Paltz, NY to learn about drought in the Northeastern US, evaluating long-term streamflow and drought of the Colorado River based on tree-ring records, and using tree-ring dating techniques to develop construction
The Science of Sex Differences in Science and Mathematics
Halpern, Diane F.; Benbow, Camilla P.; Geary, David C.; Gur, Ruben C.; Hyde, Janet Shibley; Gernsbacher, Morton Ann
2014-01-01
Summary Amid ongoing public speculation about the reasons for sex differences in careers in science and mathematics, we present a consensus statement that is based on the best available scientific evidence. Sex differences in science and math achievement and ability are smaller for the mid-range of the abilities distribution than they are for those with the highest levels of achievement and ability. Males are more variable on most measures of quantitative and visuospatial ability, which necessarily results in more males at both high- and low-ability extremes; the reasons why males are often more variable remain elusive. Successful careers in math and science require many types of cognitive abilities. Females tend to excel in verbal abilities, with large differences between females and males found when assessments include writing samples. High-level achievement in science and math requires the ability to communicate effectively and comprehend abstract ideas, so the female advantage in writing should be helpful in all academic domains. Males outperform females on most measures of visuospatial abilities, which have been implicated as contributing to sex differences on standardized exams in mathematics and science. An evolutionary account of sex differences in mathematics and science supports the conclusion that, although sex differences in math and science performance have not directly evolved, they could be indirectly related to differences in interests and specific brain and cognitive systems. We review the brain basis for sex differences in science and mathematics, describe consistent effects, and identify numerous possible correlates. Experience alters brain structures and functioning, so causal statements about brain differences and success in math and science are circular. A wide range of sociocultural forces contribute to sex differences in mathematics and science achievement and ability—including the effects of family, neighborhood, peer, and school
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Mathematics and Science (NCISLA) HOME | WHAT WE DO | K-12 EDUCATION RESEARCH | PUBLICATIONS | TEACHER Modeling Middle School Mathematics National Association of Biology Teachers National Association for Mathematics National Science Teachers Assocation Show-Me Center Summit on Science TERC - Weaving Gender Equity
Reforming an Undergraduate Environmental Science Course for Nonscience Majors
Kazempour, Mahsa; Amirshokoohi, Aidin
2013-01-01
This article discusses the key components of a reform-based introductory undergraduate environmental science course for nonscience majors and elementary teacher candidates as well as the impact of such components on the participants. The main goals for the course were to actively engage the students in their learning and, in doing so, to enhance…
Teaching Basic Probability in Undergraduate Statistics or Management Science Courses
Naidu, Jaideep T.; Sanford, John F.
2017-01-01
Standard textbooks in core Statistics and Management Science classes present various examples to introduce basic probability concepts to undergraduate business students. These include tossing of a coin, throwing a die, and examples of that nature. While these are good examples to introduce basic probability, we use improvised versions of Russian…
Matrices to Revise Crop, Soil, and Environmental Sciences Undergraduate Curricula
Savin, Mary C.; Longer, David; Miller, David M.
2005-01-01
Undergraduate curricula for natural resource and agronomic programs have been introduced and revised during the past several decades with a desire to stay current with emerging issues and technologies relevant to constituents. For the past decade, the Department of Crop, Soil, and Environmental Sciences (CSES) faculty at the University of Arkansas…
Projects Using a Computer Algebra System in First-Year Undergraduate Mathematics
Rosenzweig, Martin
2007-01-01
This paper illustrates the use of computer-based projects in two one-semester first-year undergraduate mathematics classes. Developed over a period of years, the approach is one in which the classes are organised into work-groups, with computer-based projects being undertaken periodically to illustrate the class material. These projects are…
Feser, Jason; Vasaly, Helen; Herrera, Jose
2013-01-01
In this paper, the authors describe how two institutions are helping their undergraduate biology students build quantitative competencies. Incorporation of quantitative skills and reasoning in biology are framed through a discussion of two cases that both concern introductory biology courses, but differ in the complexity of the mathematics and the…
Masal, Ercan; Koc, Mustafa; Colak, Tugba Seda; Takunyaci, Mithat
2013-01-01
The main purpose of this research is to analyse whether there is a difference or not in levels of having psychological symptoms of the students of undergraduate program in elementary mathematics teaching. Another aim of the research is to determine whether the levels of having psychological symptoms of the students differ or not regarding various…
History of Mathematics: Three Activities to Use with Undergraduate Students and In-Service Teachers
Loats, Jim; White, Diana; Rubino, Carmen
2014-01-01
We provide in-depth information and analysis on three activities for use in History of Mathematics courses taught either in a traditional semester format for undergraduates or in a summer professional development course for middle school teachers. These activities require students to be active participants in their own learning. They also…
Gregory, Peter L.; Gregory, Karen M.; Eddy, Erik R.
2016-01-01
This study investigates factors contributing to student engagement in an educational Facebook group. The study is based on survey results of 138 undergraduate mathematics students at a highly diverse urban public university. Survey measures included engagement in the Facebook group, access to Facebook, comfort using technology, and interest in the…
Kaspar Schott's "encyclopedia of all mathematical sciences"
Knobloch, Eberhard
2011-06-01
In 1661, Kaspar Schott published his comprehensive textbook "Cursus mathematicus" in Würzburg for the first time, his "Encyclopedia of all mathematical sciences". It was so successful that it was published again in 1674 and 1677. In its 28 books, Schott gave an introduction for beginners in 22 mathematical disciplines by means of 533 figures and numerous tables. He wanted to avoid the shortness and the unintelligibility of his predecessors Alsted and Hérigone. He cited or recommended far more than hundred authors, among them Protestants like Michael Stifel and Johannes Kepler, but also Catholics like Nicolaus Copernicus. The paper gives a survey of this work and explains especially interesting aspects: The dedication to the German emperor Leopold I., Athanasius Kircher's letter of recommendation as well as Schott's classification of sciences, explanations regarding geometry, astronomy, and algebra.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Triantafyllou, Eva; Timcenko, Olga
courses of Medialogy, e.g. computer graphics programming. Moreover, this poor performance in mathematics is one of the main causes for dropout at university level. This paper presents our ongoing research aiming at tackling with this problem by developing dynamic and multimodal media for math- ematics...... teaching and learning which will make mathematics more at- tractive and easier to understand to undergraduate students. These tools realise an interactive educational method by giving mathematics learners opportunities to develop visualization skills, explore mathe- matical concepts, and obtain solutions...
The Development of Proofs in Analytical Mathematics for Undergraduate Students
Ali, Maselan; Sufahani, Suliadi; Hasim, Nurnazifa; Saifullah Rusiman, Mohd; Roslan, Rozaini; Mohamad, Mahathir; Khalid, Kamil
2018-04-01
Proofs in analytical mathematics are essential parts of mathematics, difficult to learn because its underlying concepts are not visible. This research consists of problems involving logic and proofs. In this study, a short overview was provided on how proofs in analytical mathematics were used by university students. From the results obtained, excellent students obtained better scores compared to average and poor students. The research instruments used in this study consisted of two parts: test and interview. In this way, analysis of students’ actual performances can be obtained. The result of this study showed that the less able students have fragile conceptual and cognitive linkages but the more able students use their strong conceptual linkages to produce effective solutions
Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences
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Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences; Volume 120; Issue 1. Issue front cover thumbnail. Volume 120, Issue 1. February 2010, pages 1-130. pp 1-6. On the General Dedekind Sums and its Reciprocity Formula · Yuan Yi · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. In this paper, we prove an interesting reciprocity ...
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Author Affiliations. GUANGYUE HUANG1 2 BINGQING MA1 2. College of Mathematics and Information Science, Henan Normal University, Xinxiang 453007, People's Republic of China; Henan Engineering Laboratory for Big Data Statistical Analysis and Optimal Control, Xinxiang 453007, People's Republic of China ...
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Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences; Volume 121; Issue 4. Issue front cover thumbnail .... On the Affine Isoperimetric Inequalities · Wuyang Yu Gangsong ... On the Existence of Hydrodynamic Instability in Single Diffusive Bottom Heavy Systems with Permeable Boundaries · A K Gupta R G Shandil.
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Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences; Volume 122; Issue 3. Issue front cover thumbnail. Volume 122, Issue 3. August 2012, pages 313-484. pp 313-317. On the Dimension of Chowla–Milnor Space · Tapas Chatterjee · More Details .... Isoperimetric Upper Bounds for the First Eigenvalue · G Santhanam.
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Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences; Volume 118; Issue 3. Issue front cover thumbnail. Volume 118, Issue 3. August 2008, pages 321-494. pp 321-350. Sharp Bounds on the Ranks of Negativity of Certain Sums · Torben Maack Bisgaard · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. If is a complex vector space ...
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Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences; Volume 114; Issue 2. A Variational Proof for the Existence of a Conformal Metric with Preassigned Negative Gaussian Curvature for Compact Riemann Surfaces of Genus >1. Rukmini Dey. Erratum Volume 114 Issue 2 May 2004 pp 215-215 ...
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Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences; Volume 126; Issue 2. Volume 126, Issue 2. May 2016, pages 143-287. pp 143-151 Research Article. Existence of ..... pp 253-260 Research Article. Rigidity theorem forWillmore surfaces in a sphere · Hongwei Xu Dengyun Yang · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF.
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Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences; Volume 122; Issue 1. Issue front cover thumbnail. Volume 122, Issue 1. February 2012, pages 1-152. pp 1-13. On a Paper of S S Pillai · M Ram Murty R Thangadurai · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. In 1935, Erdös proved that all natural numbers can be written as ...
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Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences; Volume 125; Issue 2. Issue front cover thumbnail. Volume 125, Issue 2. May 2015, pages 139-270. pp 139-147. On Erdős–Wood's conjecture · S Subburam R Thangadurai · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. In this article, we prove that infinite number of integers ...
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Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences; Volume 120; Issue 2. Issue front cover thumbnail. Volume 120, Issue 2. April 2010, pages 131-258. pp 131-137. Integral Inequalities for Self-Reciprocal Polynomials · Horst Alzer · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. Let n ≥ 1 be an integer and let P n be the class of ...
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Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences; Volume 117; Issue 2. Issue front cover thumbnail. Volume 117, Issue 2. May 2007, pages 147-285. pp 147-158. A Variant of Davenport's Constant · R Thangadurai · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. Let be a prime number. Let be a finite abelian -group of ...
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... Motreanu2 Nikolaos S Papageorgiou3. Institute of Computer Science, Jagiellonian University, ul. Nawojki 11, 30072 Cracow, Poland; Département de Mathematiques, Université de Perpignan, 66860 Perpignan, France; Department of Mathematics, National Technical University, Zografou Campus, Athens 15780, Greece ...
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Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences; Volume 118; Issue 2. Issue front cover thumbnail. Volume 118, Issue 2. May 2008, pages 159-320. pp 159-160. Note on Plagiarism · Gadadhar Misra N Mukunda · More Details Fulltext PDF. pp 161-182 Invited Article. Large Deviations: An Introduction to 2007 Abel ...
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Author Affiliations. Dongmei Ren1 Yaming Lu2. School of Mathematics and Statistics, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, People's Republic of China; Research Center for Basic Science, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710049, People's Republic of China ...
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Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences; Volume 121; Issue 1. Issue front cover thumbnail. Volume 121, Issue 1. February 2011, pages 1-109. pp 1-18. On Counting Twists of a Character Appearing in its Associated Weil Representation · K Vishnu Namboothiri · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. Consider an ...
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On some Vongruence with Application to Exponential Sums. Soon-Mo ... Moreover, we introduce an application of the above result to the study of an estimation of exponential sums. Author Affiliations. Soon-Mo Jung1. Mathematics Section, College of Science and Technology, Hong-Ik University, 339-701 Chochiwon, Korea ...
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In this paper, we study the matrix multiplication operators on Banach function spaces and discuss their applications in semigroups for solving the abstract Cauchy problem. Author Affiliations. H Hudzik1 Rajeev Kumar2 Romesh Kumar2. Faculty of Mathematics and Computer Science, Adam Mickiewicz University ...
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... Mid Year Meetings · Discussion Meetings · Public Lectures · Lecture Workshops · Refresher Courses · Symposia · Live Streaming. Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences; Volume 122; Issue 1. The Cohomology of Orbit Spaces of Certain Free Circle Group Actions. Hemant Kumar Singh Tej Bahadur Singh.
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Annual Meetings · Mid Year Meetings · Discussion Meetings · Public Lectures · Lecture Workshops · Refresher Courses · Symposia · Live Streaming. Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences; Volume 112; Issue 3. Volume 112, Issue 3. August 2002, pages 367-475. pp 367-382. The Determinant Bundle on the ...
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Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences; Volume 119; Issue 3. Issue front cover thumbnail. Volume 119, Issue 3. June 2009, pages 267-410. pp 267-274. A Finer Classification of the Unit Sum Number of the Ring of Integers of Quadratic Fields and Complex Cubic Fields · Nahid Ashrafi · More Details Abstract ...
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In the process, we prove an analogue of the well-known Fefferman–Stein's ... Department of Mathematics, Indian Institute of Science Education and ... Manuscript received: 27 October 2015; Manuscript revised: 12 September ... Early published: Unedited version published online: Final version published online: 23 July 2016 ...
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... Refresher Courses · Symposia · Live Streaming. Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences; Volume 124; Issue 1. Vector-Valued almost Convergence and Classical Properties in Normed Spaces. A Aizpuru R Armario F J Garcia-Pacheco F J Perez-Fernandez. Volume 124 Issue 1 February 2014 pp 93-108 ...
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Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences; Volume 113; Issue 3. Volume 113, Issue 3. August 2003, pages 213-353. pp 213-221. Analogues of Euler and Poisson Summation Formulae · Vivek V Rane · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. Euler–Maclaurin and Poisson analogues of the summations ∑ a < n ≤ b ...
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Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences; Volume 124; Issue 1. Issue front cover thumbnail. Volume 124, Issue 1. February 2014, pages 1-126. pp 1-15. Alexander Duals of Multipermutohedron Ideals · Ajay Kumar Chanchal Kumar · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. An Alexander dual of a ...
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Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences; Volume 116; Issue 1. Volume 116, Issue 1. February 2006, pages 1-119. pp 1-8 .... in probability but for which no r.c.l.l. solution exists. pp 97-119. Formulation of the Problem of Sonic Boom by a Maneuvering Aerofoil as a One-Parameter Family of Cauchy Problems.
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Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences; Volume 123; Issue 2. Issue front cover thumbnail. Volume 123, Issue 2. May 2013, pages 151-302. pp 151- ... Distribution of Residues and Primitive Roots ..... Series Solutions and a Perturbation Formula for the Extended Rayleigh Problem of Hydrodynamic Stability.
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Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences; Volume 113; Issue 2. On the Local ... Let be a local field with finite residue class field k K . We first define (cf. Definition ..... We then discuss the application of Theorem 1.2 on a problem posed by Weil on the construction of a `natural' A G of over C (Problem 1.3).
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Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences; Volume 117; Issue 3. Issue front cover thumbnail. Volume 117, Issue 3. August 2007, pages 287-427. pp 287-292. On the Cohomology of Orbit Space of Free Z Z p -Actions on Lens Spaces · Hemant Kumar Singh Tej Bahadur Singh · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF.
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Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences; Volume 119; Issue 1. Issue front cover thumbnail. Volume 119, Issue 1. February 2009, pages 1-135. pp 1-7. On an Extension of a Combinatorial Identity · M Rana A K Agarwal · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. Using Frobenius partitions we extend the main results ...
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Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences; Volume 128; Issue 1. Issue front cover thumbnail. Volume 128, Issue 1. March 2018. Article ID 1 Research Article. Editorial · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. Article ID 2 Research Article. On 3-way combinatorial identities · A K AGARWAL MEGHA GOYAL.
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... Refresher Courses · Symposia · Live Streaming. Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences; Volume 127; Issue 3. On a problem of Pillai with Fibonacci numbers and powers of 2. MAHADI DDAMULIRA FLORIAN LUCA MIHAJA RAKOTOMALALA. Research Article Volume 127 Issue 3 June 2017 pp 411-421 ...
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Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences; Volume 124; Issue 2. Issue front cover thumbnail. Volume 124, Issue 2. May 2014, pages 127-279. pp 127-140. A Statistic on -Color Compositions and Related Sequences · Toufik Mansour Mark Shattuck · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. A composition of a ...
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Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences; Volume 122; Issue 2. Issue front cover thumbnail. Volume 122, Issue 2. May 2012, pages 153-311. pp 153-162. Farey Sequences and Resistor Networks · Sameen Ahmed Khan · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. In this article, we employ the Farey sequence and ...
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Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences; Volume 118; Issue 1. Issue front cover thumbnail. Volume 118, Issue 1. February 2008, pages 1-157. pp 1-11. On Automorphisms of some Finite -Groups · Manoj K Yadav · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. We give a sufficient condition on a finite -group of ...
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Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences; Volume 123; Issue 1. Issue front cover thumbnail. Volume 123, Issue 1. February 2013, pages 1-150. pp 1-18. Divisibility of Class Numbers of Imaginary Quadratic Function Fields by a Fixed Odd Number · Pradipto Banerjee Srinivas Kotyada · More Details Abstract ...
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... Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences; Volume 118; Issue 4. An Optimal Version of an Inequality Involving the Third Symmetric Means. Wen Jiajin Yuan Jun Yuan Shufeng. Volume 118 Issue 4 November ... Keywords. Third symmetric mean of degree; optimal values; inequality; descending dimension method.
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... Lecture Workshops · Refresher Courses · Symposia · Live Streaming. Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences; Volume 127; Issue 4. Contributions to a conjecture of Mueller and Schmidt on Thue inequalities. N SARADHA DIVYUM SHARMA. Research Article Volume 127 Issue 4 September 2017 pp 565- ...
Undergraduate mathematics competitions (1995–2016) Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv
Brayman, Volodymyr
2017-01-01
Versatile and comprehensive in content, this book of problems will appeal to students in nearly all areas of mathematics. The text offers original and advanced problems proposed from 1995 to 2016 at the Mathematics Olympiads. Essential for undergraduate students, PhD students, and instructors, the problems in this book vary in difficulty and cover most of the obligatory courses given at the undergraduate level, including calculus, algebra, geometry, discrete mathematics, measure theory, complex analysis, differential equations, and probability theory. Detailed solutions to all of the problems from Part I are supplied in Part II, giving students the ability to check their solutions and observe new and unexpected ideas. Most of the problems in this book are not technical and allow for a short and elegant solution. The problems given are unique and non-standard; solving the problems requires a creative approach as well as a deep understanding of the material. Nearly all of the problems are originally authored by...
Benbow, Ross J.; Vivyan, Erika
2016-01-01
Building from findings showing that undergraduate computer science continues to have the highest attrition rates proportionally for women within postsecondary science, technology, engineering, and mathematics disciplines--a phenomenon that defies basic social equity goals in a high status field--this paper seeks to better understand how student…
State Univ. of New York, Potsdam. Coll. at Potsdam.
Proceedings of the North Country Workshop on Science, Technology, and the Undergraduate Curriculum are presented. The Sloan Foundation's call for reform of the liberal arts and coverage of mathematics, science, and technology is noted in welcoming remarks by State University of New York, Potsdam, President Humphrey Tonkin. Stephen H. Cutcliffe…
Mathematical thinking styles of undergraduate students and their achievement in mathematics
Risnanosanti
2017-08-01
The main purpose of this study is to analyze the role of mathematical thinking styles in students' achievement in mathematics. On the basis of this study, it is also to generate recommendation for classroom instruction. The two specific aims are; first to observe students' mathematical thinking styles during problem solving, the second to asses students' achievement in mathematics. The data were collected by using Mathematical Thinking Styles questionnaires and test of students' achievement in mathematics. The subject in this study was 35 students from third year at mathematics study program of Muhammadiyah University of Bengkulu in academic year 2016/2017. The result of this study was that the students have three mathematical thinking styles (analytic, visual, and integrated), and the students who have analytic styles have better achievement than those who have visual styles in mathematics.
Innovations in Undergraduate Science Education: Going Viral
Hatfull, Graham F.
2015-01-01
Bacteriophage discovery and genomics provides a powerful and effective platform for integrating missions in research and education. Implementation of the Science Education Alliance Phage Hunters Advancing Genomics and Evolutionary Science (SEA-PHAGES) program facilitates a broad impact by including a diverse array of schools, faculty, and students. The program generates new insights into the diversity and evolution of the bacteriophage population and presents a model for introducing first-yea...
Eubanks-Turner, Christina; Beaulieu, Patricia; Pal, Nabendu
2018-01-01
The Smooth Transition for Advancement to Graduate Education (STAGE) project was a three-year pilot project designed to mentor undergraduate students primarily from under-represented groups in the mathematical sciences. The STAGE pilot project focused on mentoring students as they transitioned from undergraduate education to either graduate school…
Charlton, Bruce G
2006-01-01
It is plausible to assume that in the future science will form the compulsory core element both of school curricula and multi-disciplinary undergraduate degrees. But for this to happen entails a shift in the emphasis and methods of science teaching, away from the traditional concern with educating specialists and professionals. Traditional science teaching was essentially vocational, designed to provide precise and comprehensive scientific knowledge for practical application. By contrast, future science teaching will be a general education, hence primarily conceptual. Its aim should be to provide an education in flexible rationality. Vocational science teaching was focused on a single-discipline undergraduate degree, but a general education in abstract systematic thinking is best inculcated by studying several scientific disciplines. In this sense, 'science' is understood as mathematics and the natural sciences, but also the abstract and systematic aspects of disciplines such as economics, linguistics, music theory, history, sociology, political science and management science. Such a wide variety of science options in a multi-disciplinary degree will increase the possibility of student motivation and aptitude. Specialist vocational science education will progressively be shifted to post-graduate level, in Masters and Doctoral programs. A multi-disciplinary and conceptually-based science core curriculum should provide an appropriate preparation for dealing with the demands of modern societies; their complex and rapidly changing social systems; and the need for individual social and professional mobility. Training in rational conceptual thinking also has potential benefits to human health and happiness, since it allows people to over-ride inappropriate instincts, integrate conflicting desires and pursue long-term goals.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Lauritzen, Niels
Based on undergraduate teaching to students in computer science, economics and mathematics at Aarhus University, this is an elementary introduction to convex sets and convex functions with emphasis on concrete computations and examples. Starting from linear inequalities and Fourier-Motzkin elimin...
The influence of second language teaching on undergraduate mathematics performance
Gerber, Ans; Engelbrecht, Johann; Harding, Ansie; Rogan, John
2005-10-01
Understanding abstract concepts and ideas in mathematics, if instruction takes place in the first language of the student, is difficult. Yet worldwide students often have to master mathematics via a second or third language. The majority of students in South Africa — a country with eleven official languages — has to face this difficulty. In a quantitative study of first year calculus students, we investigated two groups of students. For one group tuition took place in their home language; for the second group, tuition was in English, a second or even a third language. Performance data on their secondary mathematics and first year tertiary calculus were analysed. The study showed that there was no significant difference between the adjusted means of the entire group of first language learners and the entire group of second language learners. Neither was there any statistically significant difference between the performances of the two groups of second language learners (based on the adjusted means). Yet, there did seem to be a significant difference between the achievement of Afrikaans students attending Afrikaans lectures and Afrikaans students attending English lectures.
Science Literacy of Undergraduates in the United States
Impey, Chris
2013-01-01
Science literacy is a matter of broad concern among scientists, educators, and many policy-makers. National Science Foundation surveys of the general public for biannual Science Indicators series show that respondents on average score less than 2/3 correct on a series of science knowledge questions, and less than half display an understanding of the process of scientific inquiry. Both measures are essentially unchanged over two decades. At the University of Arizona, we have gathered over 11,000 undergraduate student responses to a survey of knowledge and beliefs that is tethered in the NSF survey. This non-science major population demographically represents ten million students nationwide. There is a less than 10% gain in performance in the science knowledge score between the incoming freshmen and seniors who graduate having completed their requirement of three science classes. Belief levels in pseudoscience and supernatural phenomena are disconcertingly high, mostly resistant to college science instruction, and weakly correlated with performance on the science knowledge questions. The Internet is rapidly becoming the primary information source for anyone interested in science so students may not get most of their information from the classroom. Educators and policy makers need to decide what aspects of science knowledge and process are important for adults to know. College science educators have major challenges in better in preparing graduates for participation in a civic society largely driven by science and technology.
Undergraduate Biotechnology Students' Views of Science Communication
Edmondston, Joanne Elisabeth; Dawson, Vaille; Schibeci, Renato
2010-01-01
Despite rapid growth of the biotechnology industry worldwide, a number of public concerns about the application of biotechnology and its regulation remain. In response to these concerns, greater emphasis has been placed on promoting biotechnologists' public engagement. As tertiary science degree programmes form the foundation of the biotechnology…
Information for Authors | Proceedings â€“ Mathematical Sciences ...
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Home; Journals; Proceedings â€“ Mathematical Sciences; Information for Authors ... 4 to 6 November 2016 at Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Bhopal. ... Focus Area Science Technology Summer Fellowship (FAST-SF).
Fulmer, Gavin W.
2014-02-01
Attitudes toward science are an important aspect of students' persistence in school science and interest in pursuing future science careers, but students' attitudes typically decline over the course of formal schooling. This study examines relationships of students' attitudes toward science with their perceptions of science as inclusive or non-religious, and their epistemological beliefs about epistemic authority and certainty. Data were collected using an online survey system among undergraduates at a large, public US university (n = 582). Data were prepared using a Rasch rating scale model and then analyzed using multiple-regression analysis. Gender and number of science and mathematics courses were included as control variables, followed by perceptions of science, then epistemological beliefs. Findings show that respondents have more positive attitudes when they perceive science to be inclusive of women and minorities, and when they perceive science to be incompatible with religion. Respondents also have more positive attitudes toward science when they believe scientific knowledge is uncertain, and when they believe knowledge derives from authority. Interpretations of these findings and implications for future research are discussed.
African Journal of Educational Studies in Mathematics and Sciences ...
African Journals Online (AJOL)
African Journal of Educational Studies in Mathematics and Sciences. ... on senior high school students' proficiency in solving linear equation word problems ... from parents and teachers' influence on students' mathematics-related self-beliefs ...
[Undergraduate and postgraduate studies in the biological sciences in Chile (1985)].
Niemeyer, H
1986-01-01
A study group of scientists was convened by the Sociedad de Biología de Chile (Biological Society of Chile) and the Regional Program for Graduate Training in Biological Sciences, PNUD-Unesco, RLA 78/024, to assess undergraduate and graduate studies in life sciences in Chile. The group presented this report at the 28th Annual Meeting of the Society. Discussion centered on the features that should characterize the studies leading to the academic degrees of Licenciado (Licenciate), Magíster (Master) and Doctor (Ph. D) in Sciences, and also on the qualifications that the universities should satisfy in order to grant them. After analyzing the present situation of undergraduate and graduate studies in Biological Sciences in Chilean universities, the group made the following main suggestions: 1. It is recommended that Chilean universities agree on a 4-year plan for the Licenciado degree, without the requirement of a thesis. The importance of providing the students with good laboratory exercises and field experience and with the opportunity to perform short research projects is stressed. In addition, a sound theoretical training on mathematics, physics and chemistry in the education of a modern Biologist is important. Licenciate studies ought to be the basis for professional careers and the universities should offer to the Licenciados free access to their professional schools. 2. It is considered appropriate for Chile and its universities to develop graduate programs in those disciplines that have reached a level of excellence. To accomplish this aim, adequate finance of the universities is necessary to permit them to provide the essential facilities for doing research, and to create a wide system of fellowships for graduate students. Direct government support for research and graduate student fellowships is requested. 3. Research experience of the kind needed for the preparation of a doctoral thesis is recommended as the academic level appropriate for those engaged in
Using GeoGebra for Mathematics Education at University Undergraduate Level
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Triantafyllou, Eva; Timcenko, Olga
Our research effort presented in this talk relates with developing digital tools for mathematics education at undergraduate university level. It focuses specifically on studies where mathematics is not a core subject but it is very important in order to cope with core subjects. For our design, we...... feedback inspire the next round of design requirements for the development of digital tools that support mathematics teaching and learning at university level....... conducted observations of teachers and students during lectures and exercise time. During these observations we were able to investigate how the applets were used in practice but also to get insight in the challenges that the students face during mathematics learning. These findings together with student...
The relevance of basic sciences in undergraduate medical education.
Lynch, C; Grant, T; McLoughlin, P; Last, J
2016-02-01
Evolving and changing undergraduate medical curricula raise concerns that there will no longer be a place for basic sciences. National and international trends show that 5-year programmes with a pre-requisite for school chemistry are growing more prevalent. National reports in Ireland show a decline in the availability of school chemistry and physics. This observational cohort study considers if the basic sciences of physics, chemistry and biology should be a prerequisite to entering medical school, be part of the core medical curriculum or if they have a place in the practice of medicine. Comparisons of means, correlation and linear regression analysis assessed the degree of association between predictors (school and university basic sciences) and outcomes (year and degree GPA) for entrants to a 6-year Irish medical programme between 2006 and 2009 (n = 352). We found no statistically significant difference in medical programme performance between students with/without prior basic science knowledge. The Irish school exit exam and its components were mainly weak predictors of performance (-0.043 ≥ r ≤ 0.396). Success in year one of medicine, which includes a basic science curriculum, was indicative of later success (0.194 ≥ r (2) ≤ 0.534). University basic sciences were found to be more predictive than school sciences in undergraduate medical performance in our institution. The increasing emphasis of basic sciences in medical practice and the declining availability of school sciences should mandate medical schools in Ireland to consider how removing basic sciences from the curriculum might impact on future applicants.
Science, Engineering, Mathematics and Aerospace Academy
1997-01-01
This is an annual report on the Science, Engineering, Mathematics, and Aerospace Academy (SEMAA), which is run as a collaborative effort of NASA Lewis Research Center, and Cuyahgoga Community College. The purpose of SEMA is to increase the percentage of African Americans, and Hispanics in the fields of science and technology. The SEMAA program reaches from kindergarden, to grade 12, involving the family of under-served minorities in the education of the children. The year being reported (i.e., 1996-1997) saw considerable achievement. The program served over 1,939 students, and 120 parents were involved in various seminars. The report goes on to review the program and its implementation for each grade level. It also summarizes the participation, by gender and ethnicity.
Chen, Xianglei
2009-01-01
Rising concern about America's ability to maintain its competitive position in the global economy has renewed interest in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) education. To understand who enters into and completes undergraduate programs in STEM fields, this report examined data from three major national studies: the 1995-96…
The Maths Arcade: A Tool for Supporting and Stretching Mathematics Undergraduates
Bradshaw, Noel-Ann
2017-01-01
The Maths Arcade is an activity which aims simultaneously to support those university mathematics learners who are having difficulties, stretch more confident learners, and encourage the development of a staff-student mathematical community. The first Maths Arcade was set up at the University of Greenwich in September 2010, funded initially by a University grant for innovative teaching and later by the Mathematical Sciences Curriculum Innovation Fund of the UK National Higher Education STEM P...
The "art" of science communication in undergraduate research training
Fatemi, F. R.; Stockwell, J.; Pinheiro, V.; White, B.
2016-12-01
Student creation of well-designed and engaging visuals in science communication can enhance their deep learning while streamlining the transmission of information to their audience. However, undergraduate research training does not frequently emphasize the design aspect of science communication. We devised and implemented a new curricular component to the Lake Champlain NSF Research Experiences for Undergraduates (REU) program in Vermont. We took a holistic approach to communication training, with a targeted module in "art and science". Components to the module included: 1) an introduction to environmental themes in fine art, 2) a photography assignment in research documentation, 3) an overview of elements of design (e.g., color, typography, hierarchy), 4) a graphic design workshop using tools in Powerpoint, and 5) an introduction to scientific illustration. As part of the REU program, students were asked to document their work through photographs, and develop an infographic or scientific illustration complementary to their research. The "art and science" training culminated with a display and critique of their visual work. We report on student responses to the "art and science" training from exit interviews and survey questions. Based on our program, we identify a set of tools that mentors can use to enhance their student's ability to engage with a broad audience.
Mercer-Mapstone, Lucy; Kuchel, Louise
2017-01-01
Science communication is a diverse and transdisciplinary field and is taught most effectively when the skills involved are tailored to specific educational contexts. Few academic resources exist to guide the teaching of communication with non-scientific audiences for an undergraduate science context. This mixed methods study aimed to explore what…
78 FR 37590 - Advisory Committee for Mathematical and Physical Sciences #66; Notice of Meeting
2013-06-21
... Science Foundation and to provide advice and recommendations concerning research in mathematics and... NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION Advisory Committee for Mathematical and Physical Sciences 66; Notice... National Science Foundation announces the following meeting. Name: Advisory Committee for Mathematical and...
Serin, Mehmet Koray; Incikabi, Semahat
2017-01-01
Mathematics educators have reported on many issues regarding students' mathematical education, particularly students who received mathematics education at different departments such as engineering, science or primary school, including their difficulties with mathematical concepts, their understanding of and preferences for mathematical concepts.…
Science and ecological literacy in undergraduate field studies education
Mapp, Kim J.
There is an ever-increasing number of issues that face our world today; from climate change, water and food scarcity, to pollution and resource extraction. Science and ecology play fundamental roles in these problems, and yet the understanding of these fields is limited in our society (Miller, 2002; McBride, Brewer, Berkowitz, and Borrie, 2013). Across the nation students are finishing their undergraduate degrees and are expected to enter the workforce and society with the skills needed to succeed. The deficit of science and ecological literacy in these students has been recognized and a call for reform begun (D'Avanzo, 2003 and NRC, 2009). This mixed-methods study looked at how a field studies course could fill the gap of science and ecological literacy in undergraduates. Using grounded theory, five key themes were data-derived; definitions, systems thinking, human's role in the environment, impetus for change and transference. These themes where then triangulated for validity and reliability through qualitative and quantitative assessments. A sixth theme was also identified, the learning environment. Due to limited data to support this themes' development and reliability it is discussed in Chapter 5 to provide recommendations for further research. Key findings show that this field studies program influenced students' science and ecological literacy through educational theory and practice.
Ellington, Roni; Wachira, James; Nkwanta, Asamoah
2010-01-01
The focus of this Research Experience for Undergraduates (REU) project was on RNA secondary structure prediction by using a lattice walk approach. The lattice walk approach is a combinatorial and computational biology method used to enumerate possible secondary structures and predict RNA secondary structure from RNA sequences. The method uses discrete mathematical techniques and identifies specified base pairs as parameters. The goal of the REU was to introduce upper-level undergraduate students to the principles and challenges of interdisciplinary research in molecular biology and discrete mathematics. At the beginning of the project, students from the biology and mathematics departments of a mid-sized university received instruction on the role of secondary structure in the function of eukaryotic RNAs and RNA viruses, RNA related to combinatorics, and the National Center for Biotechnology Information resources. The student research projects focused on RNA secondary structure prediction on a regulatory region of the yellow fever virus RNA genome and on an untranslated region of an mRNA of a gene associated with the neurological disorder epilepsy. At the end of the project, the REU students gave poster and oral presentations, and they submitted written final project reports to the program director. The outcome of the REU was that the students gained transferable knowledge and skills in bioinformatics and an awareness of the applications of discrete mathematics to biological research problems.
Ellington, Roni; Wachira, James
2010-01-01
The focus of this Research Experience for Undergraduates (REU) project was on RNA secondary structure prediction by using a lattice walk approach. The lattice walk approach is a combinatorial and computational biology method used to enumerate possible secondary structures and predict RNA secondary structure from RNA sequences. The method uses discrete mathematical techniques and identifies specified base pairs as parameters. The goal of the REU was to introduce upper-level undergraduate students to the principles and challenges of interdisciplinary research in molecular biology and discrete mathematics. At the beginning of the project, students from the biology and mathematics departments of a mid-sized university received instruction on the role of secondary structure in the function of eukaryotic RNAs and RNA viruses, RNA related to combinatorics, and the National Center for Biotechnology Information resources. The student research projects focused on RNA secondary structure prediction on a regulatory region of the yellow fever virus RNA genome and on an untranslated region of an mRNA of a gene associated with the neurological disorder epilepsy. At the end of the project, the REU students gave poster and oral presentations, and they submitted written final project reports to the program director. The outcome of the REU was that the students gained transferable knowledge and skills in bioinformatics and an awareness of the applications of discrete mathematics to biological research problems. PMID:20810968
Mathematics education giving meaning to Social Science students
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Andersson, Annica; Valero, Paola
Compulsory mathematics for social science students is problematic. We discuss the case of a group of students in Sweden who met a mathematics course inspired on the ideas of critical mathematics education and ethnomathematics. The evidence collected about students' experiences on this course...
How to think like a mathematician a companion to undergraduate mathematics
Houston, Kevin
2009-01-01
Looking for a head start in your undergraduate degree in mathematics? Maybe you've already started your degree and feel bewildered by the subject you previously loved? Don't panic! This friendly companion will ease your transition to real mathematical thinking. Working through the book you will develop an arsenal of techniques to help you unlock the meaning of definitions, theorems and proofs, solve problems, and write mathematics effectively. All the major methods of proof - direct method, cases, induction, contradiction and contrapositive - are featured. Concrete examples are used throughout, and you'll get plenty of practice on topics common to many courses such as divisors, Euclidean algorithms, modular arithmetic, equivalence relations, and injectivity and surjectivity of functions. The material has been tested by real students over many years so all the essentials are covered. With over 300 exercises to help you test your progress, you'll soon learn how to think like a mathematician.
Performance of engineering undergraduate students in mathematics: A case study in UniMAP
Saad, Syafawati Ab.; Azziz, Nor Hizamiyani Abdul; Zakaria, Siti Aisyah; Yazid, Nornadia Mohd
2015-12-01
The purpose of this paper is to study the trend performance of the first year engineering students at a public university in Mathematics course: Engineering Mathematics I. We analyze how ethnicity factor influenced students' performance in mathematics course over three years period. The performance of the undergraduate students in this study is measured by their cumulative grade point average (CGPA) in the first semester. Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) will be used to test the significance difference between three variables (Malay, Chinese and Indian). Method of simple linear regression (SLR) is used to test the relationship between the performances and to predict the future performance for this course. The findings of the study show that Chinese students perform better than Malay and Indian students.
Research in Applied Mathematics, Fluid Mechanics and Computer Science
1999-01-01
This report summarizes research conducted at the Institute for Computer Applications in Science and Engineering in applied mathematics, fluid mechanics, and computer science during the period October 1, 1998 through March 31, 1999.
[Research activities in applied mathematics, fluid mechanics, and computer science
1995-01-01
This report summarizes research conducted at the Institute for Computer Applications in Science and Engineering in applied mathematics, fluid mechanics, and computer science during the period April 1, 1995 through September 30, 1995.
Mathematics, Physics and Computer Sciences The computation of ...
African Journals Online (AJOL)
Mathematics, Physics and Computer Sciences The computation of system matrices for biquadraticsquare finite ... Global Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences ... The computation of system matrices for biquadraticsquare finite elements.
A Mathematical Sciences Program at an Upper-Division Campus.
Swetz, Frank J.
1978-01-01
The conception, objectives, contents, and limitations of a degree program in the mathematical sciences at Pennsylvania State University, Capitol Campus, are discussed. Career goals that may be pursued include: managerial, science, education, actuarial, and computer. (MP)
Carpenter, Stacey L.
2015-01-01
This study examined what undergraduate students gain and the ideas about science teaching and learning they develop from participating in K-12 science education outreach programs. Eleven undergraduates from seven outreach programs were interviewed individually about their experiences with outreach and what they learned about science teaching and…
Active learning increases student performance in science, engineering, and mathematics.
Freeman, Scott; Eddy, Sarah L; McDonough, Miles; Smith, Michelle K; Okoroafor, Nnadozie; Jordt, Hannah; Wenderoth, Mary Pat
2014-06-10
To test the hypothesis that lecturing maximizes learning and course performance, we metaanalyzed 225 studies that reported data on examination scores or failure rates when comparing student performance in undergraduate science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) courses under traditional lecturing versus active learning. The effect sizes indicate that on average, student performance on examinations and concept inventories increased by 0.47 SDs under active learning (n = 158 studies), and that the odds ratio for failing was 1.95 under traditional lecturing (n = 67 studies). These results indicate that average examination scores improved by about 6% in active learning sections, and that students in classes with traditional lecturing were 1.5 times more likely to fail than were students in classes with active learning. Heterogeneity analyses indicated that both results hold across the STEM disciplines, that active learning increases scores on concept inventories more than on course examinations, and that active learning appears effective across all class sizes--although the greatest effects are in small (n ≤ 50) classes. Trim and fill analyses and fail-safe n calculations suggest that the results are not due to publication bias. The results also appear robust to variation in the methodological rigor of the included studies, based on the quality of controls over student quality and instructor identity. This is the largest and most comprehensive metaanalysis of undergraduate STEM education published to date. The results raise questions about the continued use of traditional lecturing as a control in research studies, and support active learning as the preferred, empirically validated teaching practice in regular classrooms.
Uncovering the lived experiences of junior and senior undergraduate female science majors
Adornato, Philip
The following dissertation focuses on a case study that uses critical theory, social learning theory, identity theory, liberal feminine theory, and motivation theory to conduct a narrative describing the lived experience of females and their performance in two highly selective private university, where students can cross-register between school, while majoring in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM). Through the use of narratives, the research attempts to shed additional light on the informal and formal science learning experiences that motivates young females to major in STEM in order to help increase the number of women entering STEM careers and retaining women in STEM majors. In the addition to the narratives, surveys were performed to encompass a larger audience while looking for themes and phenomena which explore what captivates and motivates young females' interests in science and continues to nurture and facilitate their growth throughout high school and college, and propel them into a major in STEM in college. The purpose of this study was to uncover the lived experiences of junior and senior undergraduate female science majors during their formal and informal education, their science motivation to learn science, their science identities, and any experiences in gender inequity they may have encountered. The findings have implications for young women deciding on future careers and majors through early exposure and guidance, understanding and recognizing what gender discrimination, and the positive effects of mentorships.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Júnia M. Serra-Negra
2012-12-01
Full Text Available The aim of the present study was to evaluate the association between childhood dental experiences and dental fear in adulthood among dentistry, psychology and mathematics undergraduate students. A cross-sectional study of 1,256 students from the city of Belo Horizonte, Brazil, was performed. Students responded to the Brazilian version of the Dental Fear Survey (DFS and a questionnaire regarding previous dental experiences. Both the DFS and the questionnaire were self-administered. Association was tested using descriptive, bivariate and multivariate linear regression analysis, with a 5% significance level. Dentistry undergraduates reported lower scores than psychology (p < 0.001 and mathematics undergraduates (p < 0.05 for all three dimensions of the DFS. Negative dental experiences in childhood was associated with dimensions of Avoidance (B = 2.70, p < 0.001, Physiological arousal (B = 1.42, p < 0.001 and Fears of specific stimuli/situations (B = 3.44, p < 0.001. The reason for first visit to dentist was associated with dimensions of Physiological arousal (B = 0.76, p < 0.01 and Fears of specific stimuli/situations (B = 1.29, p < 0.01. Dentists should be encouraged to evaluate the dental fear of their patients before treatment. The DFS has been found to be an effective instrument for this purpose.
Franklin, J
2014-01-01
Mathematics is as much a science of the real world as biology is. It is the science of the world's quantitative aspects (such as ratio) and structural or patterned aspects (such as symmetry). The book develops a complete philosophy of mathematics that contrasts with the usual Platonist and nominalist options.
Regaining the Edge in Urban Education: Mathematics and Sciences.
Gallon, Dennis P., Ed.
In order to remain competitive in the world economy, the United States must develop and improve mathematics and science education. Given that the future workforce in this country will be comprised largely of women and minorities, groups traditionally not entering mathematics and science careers, special recruitment and retention efforts must be…
Encouraging Creativity in Mathematics and Science through Photography
Munakata, Mika; Vaidya, Ashwin
2012-01-01
Based on the results of a survey of the science and mathematics students at our university, we observed that students do not consider mathematics and science to be creative endeavors, though the traditional artistic disciplines rank high in this regard. To address this problem in perception, the authors used photography as a means to encourage…
Teaching of Mathematics and Science in English: The Teachers' Voices
Yahaya, Mohamad Fadhili Bin; Noor, Mohd Asri Bin Mohd; Mokhtar, Ahmad Azman Bin; Rawian, Rafizah Binti Mohd; Othman, Mahmod Bin; Jusoff, Kamaruzaman
2009-01-01
The policy to change the medium of instruction in the teaching of Mathematics and Science from Bahasa Melayu (Malay Language) to English in 2003 is an important innovation affecting not only the students but also teachers of Mathematics and Science. However, how far the changes affect the teachers is the issue addressed in the paper. In fact the…
The Influence of Reading Literacy on Mathematics and Science Achievement
Caponera, Elisa; Sestito, Paolo; Russo, Paolo M.
2016-01-01
The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of students' reading literacy, measured by the PIRLS (Progress in International Reading Literacy Study) test, on their performance in the TIMSS (Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study) mathematics and science tests. The data on 4,125 Italian students from 199 schools were analyzed:…
Victorian Certificate of Education: Mathematics, Science and Gender
Cox, Peter J.; Leder, Gilah C.; Forgasz, Helen J.
2004-01-01
Gender differences in participation and performance at "high stakes" examinations have received much public attention, which has often focused on mathematics and science subjects. This paper describes the innovative forms of assessment introduced into mathematics and science subjects within the Victorian Certificate of Education (VCE)…
The Polaris Project: Undergraduate Research Catalyzing Advances in Arctic Science
Schade, J. D.; Holmes, R. M.; Natali, S.; Mann, P. J.; Bunn, A. G.; Frey, K. E.
2017-12-01
With guidance and sufficient resources, undergraduates can drive the exploration of new research directions, lead high impact scientific products, and effectively communicate the value of science to the public. As mentors, we must recognize the strong contribution undergraduates make to the advancement of scientific understanding and their unique ability and desire to be transdisciplinary and to translate ideas into action. Our job is to be sure students have the resources and tools to successfully explore questions that they care about, not to provide or lead them towards answers we already have. The central goal of the Polaris Project is to advance understanding of climate change in the Arctic through an integrated research, training, and outreach program that has at its heart a research expedition for undergraduates to a remote field station in the Arctic. Our integrative approach to training provides undergraduates with strong intellectual development and they bring fresh perspectives, creativity, and a unique willingness to take risks on new ideas that have an energizing effect on research and outreach. Since the projects inception in summer 2008, we have had >90 undergraduates participate in high-impact field expeditions and outreach activities. Over the years, we have also been fortunate enough to attract an ethnically, racially, and culturally diverse group of students, including students from Puerto Rico, Hispanic-, African- and Native-Americans, members of the LGBT community, and first-generation college students. Most of these students have since pursued graduate degrees in ecology, and many have received NSF fellowships and Fulbright scholarships. One of our major goals is to increase the diversity of the scientific community, and we have been successful in our short-term goal of recruiting and retaining a diverse group of students. The goal of this presentation is to provide a description of the mentoring model at the heart of the Polaris Project
Basic mathematics for the biological and social sciences
Marriott, F H C
2013-01-01
Basic Mathematics for the Biological and Social Sciences deals with the applications of basic mathematics in the biological and social sciences. Mathematical concepts that are discussed in this book include graphical methods, differentiation, trigonometrical or circular functions, limits and convergence, integration, vectors, and differential equations. The exponential function and related functions are also considered. This monograph is comprised of 11 chapters and begins with an overview of basic algebra, followed by an introduction to infinitesimal calculus, scalar and vector quantities, co
Science, Engineering, and Mathematics (SEM) at the Timbuktu Academy
2005-07-31
Science (AAAS) and the first Standards of the National Council of Teachers o f Mathematics ( NCTM ) both appeared in 1989 . They were followed by Scope...National Council of Teachers of Mathematics ( NCTM , 1989, 1991 , and 1995), Science for All Americans (Project 2061) and the Benchmarks of the America n...Documents, Mail Stop SSOP, Washington, DC, 20402-9328 . National Council of Teachers of Mathematics ( NCTM ) . Curriculum and Evaluation Standard s for School
Mathematical logic foundations for information science
Li, Wei
2010-01-01
This book presents the basic principles and formal calculus of mathematical logic. It covers core contents, extensions and developments of classical mathematical logic, and it offers formal proofs and concrete examples for all theoretical results.
[The undergraduate program in forensic science: a national challenge].
García Castillo, Zoraida; Graue Wiechers, Enrique; Durante Montiel, Irene; Herrera Saint Leu, Patricia
2014-01-01
The challenge in achieving an ideal state of justice is that each "proof" has the highest degree of reliability. This is the main responsibility of the forensic scientist. Up to now, criminal investigations in Mexico have been supported by forensic work from a wide variety of disciplinary backgrounds that give testimony in a particular area, even though they may have become forensic witnesses in a complementary and experiential manner. In January 2013, the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM) approved the "Forensic Science" undergraduate program that, in collaboration with various academic entities and government institutions, will develop forensic scientists trained in science, law, and criminology. This is focused on contributing to the national demand that the justice system has more elements to procure and administer justice in dealing with crime.
A new direction in mathematics for materials science
Ikeda, Susumu
2015-01-01
This book is the first volume of the SpringerBriefs in the Mathematics of Materials and provides a comprehensive guide to the interaction of mathematics with materials science. The anterior part of the book describes a selected history of materials science as well as the interaction between mathematics and materials in history. The emergence of materials science was itself a result of an interdisciplinary movement in the 1950s and 1960s. Materials science was formed by the integration of metallurgy, polymer science, ceramics, solid state physics, and related disciplines. We believe that such historical background helps readers to understand the importance of interdisciplinary interaction such as mathematics–materials science collaboration. The middle part of the book describes mathematical ideas and methods that can be applied to materials problems and introduces some examples of specific studies—for example, computational homology applied to structural analysis of glassy materials, stochastic models for ...
Gardner, Grant E.; Forrester, Jennifer H.; Jeffrey, Penny Shumaker; Ferzli, Miriam; Shea, Damian
2015-01-01
The goal of the study described was to understand the process and degree to which an undergraduate science research program for rising college freshmen achieved its stated objectives to integrate participants into a community of practice and to develop students' research identities.
Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Department of Applied Mathematics, Andhra University, Visakhapatnam 530 003, India; Department of Mathematics, Gayatri Vidya Parishad College of Engineering for Women, Madhurawada, Visakhapatnam 530 048, India; Department of Mathematics, Sri Prakash College of Engineering, Tuni 533 401, India ...
Interest in mathematics and science among students having high mathematics aptitude
Ely, Jane Alice
The study investigates why men and women differ in their interest in mathematics and science and in the pursuit of careers in mathematics and science. The most persistent gender differential in educational standard testing is the scores in mathematics achievement. The mean Scholastic Aptitude Test (Mathematics) scores for women are consistently below that of men by about 40 points. One result of this gender differential in mathematics is that few women entertain a career requiring a robust knowledge of higher mathematics (i.e. engineering, computing, or the physical sciences). A large body of literature has been written attempting to explain why this is happening. Biological, cultural, structural and psychological explanations have been suggested and empirically examined. Controlling for mathematical ability is one method of sorting out these explanations. Eliminating mathematical ability as a factor, this dissertation reports the results of a study of men and women college students who all had high mathematics ability. Thus, any differences we found among them would have to be a result of other variables. Using a Mathematics Placement Exam and the SAT-M, forty-two students (12 males and 30 females) with high scores in both were interviewed. Student were asked about their experiences in high school and college mathematics, their career choices, and their attitudes toward mathematics. The findings, that there were no gender differences in the course selection, attitudes towards mathematics, and career choice, differed from my initial expectations. This negative finding suggests that women with high ability in mathematics are just as likely as men to pursue interests in mathematics and related courses in college and in selecting careers.
Neves, Rui Gomes; Teodoro, Vítor Duarte
2012-09-01
A teaching approach aiming at an epistemologically balanced integration of computational modelling in science and mathematics education is presented. The approach is based on interactive engagement learning activities built around computational modelling experiments that span the range of different kinds of modelling from explorative to expressive modelling. The activities are designed to make a progressive introduction to scientific computation without requiring prior development of a working knowledge of programming, generate and foster the resolution of cognitive conflicts in the understanding of scientific and mathematical concepts and promote performative competency in the manipulation of different and complementary representations of mathematical models. The activities are supported by interactive PDF documents which explain the fundamental concepts, methods and reasoning processes using text, images and embedded movies, and include free space for multimedia enriched student modelling reports and teacher feedback. To illustrate, an example from physics implemented in the Modellus environment and tested in undergraduate university general physics and biophysics courses is discussed.
Physics and Mathematics as Interwoven Disciplines in Science Education
Galili, Igal
2018-03-01
The relationship between physics and mathematics is reviewed upgrading the common in physics classes' perspective of mathematics as a toolkit for physics. The nature of the physics-mathematics relationship is considered along a certain historical path. The triadic hierarchical structure of discipline-culture helps to identify different ways in which mathematics is used in physics and to appreciate its contribution, to recognize the difference between mathematics and physics as disciplines in approaches, values, methods, and forms. We mentioned certain forms of mathematical knowledge important for physics but often missing in school curricula. The geometrical mode of codification of mathematical knowledge is compared with the analytical one in context of teaching school physics and mathematics; their complementarity is exemplified. Teaching may adopt the examples facilitating the claims of the study to reach science literacy and meaningful learning.
The reasonable effectiveness of mathematics in the natural sciences
Harvey, Alex
2011-12-01
Mathematics and its relation to the physical universe have been the topic of speculation since the days of Pythagoras. Several different views of the nature of mathematics have been considered: Realism—mathematics exists and is discovered; Logicism—all mathematics may be deduced through pure logic; Formalism—mathematics is just the manipulation of formulas and rules invented for the purpose; Intuitionism—mathematics comprises mental constructs governed by self evident rules. The debate among the several schools has major importance in understanding what Eugene Wigner called, The Unreasonable Effectiveness of Mathematics in the Natural Sciences. In return, this `Unreasonable Effectiveness' suggests a possible resolution of the debate in favor of Realism. The crucial element is the extraordinary predictive capacity of mathematical structures descriptive of physical theories.
Instructors' use of technology in post-secondary undergraduate mathematics teaching: a local study
Jesso, A. T.; Kondratieva, M. F.
2016-02-01
In this study, instructors of undergraduate mathematics from post-secondary institutions in Newfoundland were surveyed (N = 13) and interviewed (N = 8) about their use of, experiences with, and views on, technologically assisted teaching. It was found that the majority of them regularly use technologies for organizational and communication purposes. However, the use of math-specific technology such as computer algebra systems, or dynamic geometry software for instructional, exploratory, and creative activities with students takes place mostly on an individual basis, only occasionally, and is very much topic specific. This was even the case for those instructors who use technology proficiently in their research. The data also suggested that familiarity with and discussions of examples of technology implementation in teaching at regular and field-oriented professional development seminars within mathematics departments could potentially increase the use of math-specific technology by instructors.
Writing Chinese and mathematics achievement: A study with Chinese-American undergraduates
Li, Chieh; Nuttall, Ronald
2001-04-01
Two recent studies indicated that writing Chinese is correlated to Chinese-American (CA) students' spatial skills. The current study investigated whether writing Chinese would have the same relationship to mathematics skills. The Scholastic Assessment Test—Mathematics (SAT-Math) scores were analysed for 150 CA undergraduates: 42 writers of Chinese and 108 non-writers of Chinese. The results suggested a strong correlation between writing Chinese and success on SAT-Math. An underlying mechanism may be the common cognitive components that encompass writing Chinese, spatial tasks, and SAT-Math. Contrary to previous findings with other populations in the USA, CA females scored slightly higher on SAT-Math than males. The finding supports the cultural relativity theory of gender difference on SAT-Math.
Are UK undergraduate Forensic Science degrees fit for purpose?
Welsh, Charles; Hannis, Marc
2011-09-01
In October 2009 Skills for Justice published the social research paper 'Fit for purpose?: Research into the provision of Forensic Science degree programmes in UK Higher Education Institutions.' The research engaged employers representing 95% of UK Forensic Science providers and 79% of UK universities offering Forensic Science or Crime Scene degree programmes. In addition to this, the research collected the views of 430 students studying these degrees. In 2008 there were approximately 9000 people working in the Forensic Science sector in the UK. The research found that the numbers of students studying Forensic Science or Crime Scene degrees in the UK have more than doubled since 2002-03, from 2191 in to 5664 in 2007-08. Over the same period there were twice as many females as males studying for these degrees. The research concluded that Forensic Science degree programmes offered by UK universities were of a good quality and they provided the student with a positive learning experience but the content was not relevant for Forensic Science employers. This echoed similar research by the former Government Department for Innovation, Universities and Skills on graduates from wider science, technology, engineering and mathematics degree programmes. The research also found that 75% of students studying Forensic Science or Crime Scene degrees expected to have a career in the Forensic Science sector, meaning that ensuring these courses are relevant for employers is a key challenge for universities. This paper reflects on the original research and discusses the implications in light of recent government policy. Copyright © 2011 Forensic Science Society. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Lauritzen, Niels
Based on undergraduate teaching to students in computer science, economics and mathematics at Aarhus University, this is an elementary introduction to convex sets and convex functions with emphasis on concrete computations and examples. Starting from linear inequalities and Fourier-Motzkin elimin......Based on undergraduate teaching to students in computer science, economics and mathematics at Aarhus University, this is an elementary introduction to convex sets and convex functions with emphasis on concrete computations and examples. Starting from linear inequalities and Fourier......-Motzkin elimination, the theory is developed by introducing polyhedra, the double description method and the simplex algorithm, closed convex subsets, convex functions of one and several variables ending with a chapter on convex optimization with the Karush-Kuhn-Tucker conditions, duality and an interior point...... algorithm....
Engaging Undergraduates in Social Science Research: The Taking the Pulse of Saskatchewan Project
Berdahl, Loleen
2014-01-01
Although student involvement in research and inquiry can advance undergraduate learning, there are limited opportunities for undergraduate students to be directly involved in social science research. Social science faculty members typically work outside of laboratory settings, with the limited research assistance work being completed by graduate…
Kortsarts, Yana; Fischbach, Adam; Rufinus, Jeff; Utell, Janine M.; Yoon, Suk-Chung
2010-01-01
Developing and applying oral and written communication skills in the undergraduate computer science and computer information systems curriculum--one of the ABET accreditation requirements - is a very challenging and, at the same time, a rewarding task that provides various opportunities to enrich the undergraduate computer science and computer…
Shaw, Lawton; Kennepohl, Dietmar
2013-01-01
Senior undergraduate research projects are important components of most undergraduate science degrees. The delivery of such projects in a distance education format is challenging. Athabasca University (AU) science project courses allow distance education students to complete research project courses by working with research supervisors in their…
Core Support of the Board on Mathematical Sciences
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
None
1995-04-04
This proposal summarizes activities conducted by the Board on Mathematical Sciences (BMS) during the period August 1, 1994 to July 31, 1995 and describes future plans of the Board for the period August 1, 1995 to July 31, 1998. We are requesting core support in the amount of $105,000 ($35,000 each year) from the Department of Energy for the additional three-year period. The BMS activities supported exclusively by core funding are the annual Department Chairs Colloquia, the National Science and Technology Symposia, specific reports, the initiation of all projects, continuous oversight of all activities, and partial core support of the Committee on Applied and Theoretical Statistics (CATS). Other activities of the Board include giving recommendations on research directions to federal agencies, and reports on education in the mathematical sciences, interaction of mathematical sciences with other areas, health of the mathematical sciences, and emerging research directions.
Undergraduate-driven interventions to increase representation in science classrooms
Freilich, M.; Aluthge, D.; Bryant, R. M.; Knox, B.; McAdams, J.; Plummer, A.; Schlottman, N.; Stanley, Z.; Suglia, E.; Watson-Daniels, J.
2014-12-01
Recognizing that racial, ethnic, and gender underrepresentation in science classrooms persists despite intervention programs and institutional commitments to diversity, a group of undergraduates from a variety of backgrounds and academic disciplines came together for a group independent study to (a) study the theoretical foundations of the current practice of science and of programs meant to increase diversity, (b) utilize the experiences of course participants and our peers to better understand the drivers of underrepresentation, and (c) design and implement interventions at Brown University. We will present on individual and small group projects designed by course members in collaboration with faculty. The projects emerged from an exploration of literature in history, philosophy, and sociology of science, as well as an examination of anthropological and psychological studies. We also evaluated the effectiveness of top-down and bottom-up approaches that have already been attempted in developing our projects. They focus on the specific problems faced by underrepresented minorities, women, LGBTQ+ people, and well-represented minorities. We will share experiences of faculty-student collaboration and engaged scholarship focused on representation in science and discuss student-designed interventions.
Mathematics, Science and the Cambridge Tradition
Nuno Ornelas Martins
2012-01-01
Copyright © 2012 World Economics Association. In this paper the use of mathematics in economics will be discussed, by comparing two approaches to mathematics, a Cartesian approach, and a Newtonian approach. I will argue that while mainstream economics is underpinned by a Cartesian approach which led to a divorce between mathematics and reality, the contributions of key authors of the Cambridge tradition, like Marshall, Keynes and Sraffa, are characterised by a Newtonian approach to mathema...
Kumar, David Devraj; Sherwood, Robert D.
2007-01-01
A study of the effect of science teaching with a multimedia simulation on water quality, the "River of Life," on the science conceptual understanding of students (N = 83) in an undergraduate science education (K-9) course is reported. Teaching reality-based meaningful science is strongly recommended by the National Science Education Standards…
Linking Teaching in Mathematics and the Subjects of Natural Science
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Michelsen, Claus
2017-01-01
teaching programs. This is partly due to the lack of a framework for integrating productive ideas across the disciplines. This paper focus on how to grasp the challenges of an interdisciplinary approach to teaching in mathematics and the subjects of natural science. Based on contemporary mathematics...... and science education we design a didactical framework for interdisciplinary teaching centered on modeling activities across mathematics and the disciplines of natural science. To exemplify the potential of the framework we present a case study of an intensive in-service teacher-training program...... for mathematics and biology teachers. The teachers were presented to the didactical framework and in pairs of two, one mathematics teacher and one biology teacher; they designed and implemented interdisciplinary mathematicsbiology teaching sequences. The teachers’ reports on their development and implementation...
Rudolph, Lee
2012-01-01
In this book Lee Rudolph brings together international contributors who combine psychological and mathematical perspectives to analyse how qualitative mathematics can be used to create models of social and psychological processes. Bridging the gap between the fields with an imaginative and stimulating collection of contributed chapters, the volume updates the current research on the subject, which until now has been rather limited, focussing largely on the use of statistics. Qualitative Mathematics for the Social Sciences contains a variety of useful illustrative figures, in
Representation and productive ambiguity in mathematics and the sciences
Grosholz, Emily R
2007-01-01
Emily Grosholz offers an original investigation of demonstration in mathematics and science, examining how it works and why it is persuasive. Focusing on geometrical demonstration, she shows the roles that representation and ambiguity play in mathematical discovery. She presents a wide range of case studies in mechanics, topology, algebra, logic, and chemistry, from ancient Greece to the present day, but focusing particularly on the seventeenth and twentieth centuries. Anyone interested in how mathematics works will find this a stimulating read.
PRELIMINARY ASSESSMENT OF FAMILIARITY WITH CONCEPTS MATHEMATICAL GEOGRAPHY OF COURSE UNDERGRADUATE
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Luis Alberto Martins Palhares de Melo
2015-12-01
Full Text Available The objective of the work described in this paper was to conduct a preliminary assessment about the familiarity with basic mathematical concepts by undergraduate students of Geography. This work assumed that the domain of basic concepts of mathematics is important for the students for the real understanding of quantification techniques applied to geography, used for better understanding about geographical space. Therefore, it was applied a questionnaire with six questions related to some basic mathematical concepts. 384 questionnaires were applied in undergraduate courses in geography, in six public institutions of higher education and a private college, located in the Federal District, Goias, Tocantins, Mato Grosso do Sul, Paraná and Rio Grande do Sul in May / 2013 June / 2013 August / 2013 and April / 2014. The results showed that the 384 respondents answered correctly on average 2,3 questions of an amount of six questions. This may mean that a priori there is little familiarity of undergraduate Geography students with basic concepts of mathematics. O objetivo do trabalho descrito neste artigo foi realizar uma avaliação preliminar a respeito da familiaridade com conceitos matemáticos em nível de Educação Básica por parte de graduandos de cursos de Geografia. Essa investigação partiu do princípio de que o domínio de conceitos básicos de Matemática é importante para a capacitação em técnicas de quantificação em Geografia, que por sua vez auxiliam o geógrafo, bacharel ou licenciado, a entender melhor o espaço geográfico. Para tanto foi utilizado o instrumento questionário com seis questões versando sobre alguns conceitos matemáticos básicos em nível de Educação Básica. Foram aplicados 384 questionários em cursos de graduação em Geografia, em seis instituições públicas de ensino superior e uma faculdade particular, localizadas no Distrito Federal, Goiás, Tocantins, Mato Grosso do Sul, Paraná e Rio Grande do
1993-01-01
This Strategic Plan was developed by the Federal Coordinating Council for Science, Engineering, and Technology (FCCSET) through its Committee on Education and Human Resources (CEHR), with representatives from 16 Federal agencies. Based on two years of coordinated interagency effort, the Plan confirms the Federal Government's commitment to ensuring the health and well-being of science, mathematics, engineering, and technology education at all levels and in all sectors (i.e., elementary and secondary, undergraduate, graduate, public understanding of science, and technology education). The Plan represents the Federal Government's efforts to develop a five-year planning framework and associated milestones that focus Federal planning and the resources of the participating agencies toward achieving the requisite or expected level of mathematics and science competence by all students. The priority framework outlines the strategic objectives, implementation priorities, and components for the Strategic Plan and serves as a road map for the Plan. The Plan endorses a broad range of ongoing activities, including continued Federal support for graduate education as the backbone of our country's research and development enterprise. The Plan also identifies three tiers of program activities with goals that address issues in science, mathematics, engineering, and technology education meriting special attention. Within each tier, individual agency programs play important and often unique roles that strengthen the aggregate portfolio. The three tiers are presented in descending order of priority: (1) reforming the formal education system; (2) expanding participation and access; and (3) enabling activities.
Mathematics and Computer Science: Exploring a Symbiotic Relationship
Bravaco, Ralph; Simonson, Shai
2004-01-01
This paper describes a "learning community" designed for sophomore computer science majors who are simultaneously studying discrete mathematics. The learning community consists of three courses: Discrete Mathematics, Data Structures and an Integrative Seminar/Lab. The seminar functions as a link that integrates the two disciplines. Participation…
CDM: Teaching Discrete Mathematics to Computer Science Majors
Sutner, Klaus
2005-01-01
CDM, for computational discrete mathematics, is a course that attempts to teach a number of topics in discrete mathematics to computer science majors. The course abandons the classical definition-theorem-proof model, and instead relies heavily on computation as a source of motivation and also for experimentation and illustration. The emphasis on…
The Preschool Rating Instrument for Science and Mathematics (PRISM)
Brenneman, Kimberly; Stevenson-Garcia, Judi; Jung, Kwanghee; Frede, Ellen
2011-01-01
Until recently, few valid and reliable assessments were available to measure young children's mathematics and science learning in a "comprehensive" way. Now, a number of mathematics assessments have been developed and subjected to testing (Klein, Starkey, & Wakeley, 2000; Ginsburg, 2008; Clements & Sarama, 2008), and progress has…
Science Academies' Refresher Course in Mathematics
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
IAS Admin
2015-06-14
Jun 14, 2015 ... A two-week Refresher Course in Mathematics will be organized during 1–14 June 2015 at School of Mathematics,. SMVD University, Katra, Jammu & Kashmir in association with School of Innovation and Community Develop- ment, SMVDU. The aim of the Course is to display the beauty of “complex ...
Wayne, James J.
2014-01-01
Through a simple thought experiment, this paper shows that there must be a shared foundation of mathematics, information science, natural science, social science, and theology. The thought experiment is to ask a volunteer to write down an arbitrary real number between 0 and 1 with many digits. For example, 0.19823765010367129462…. would be one of such numbers. Then we analyze this experiment result by asking five simple questions: Is the real number a random real? Can the observed real numbe...
Mathematical sciences for climate change resilience (MS4CR ...
International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)
This project will support the African Institute for Mathematical Sciences' Next Einstein Initiative (AIMS-NEI) in building a critical ... IDRC invites applications for the IDRC Research Awards 2019 ... ROSSA's latest bulletin puts a focus on women.
African Journal of Educational Studies in Mathematics and Sciences ...
African Journals Online (AJOL)
African Journal of Educational Studies in Mathematics and Sciences. ... The level of detail varies; some disciplines produce manuscripts that comprise discrete .... Duplicate publication, sometimes called self-plagiarism, occurs when an author ...
Gender Representation on Journal Editorial Boards in the Mathematical Sciences
2016-01-01
We study gender representation on the editorial boards of 435 journals in the mathematical sciences. Women are known to comprise approximately 15% of tenure-stream faculty positions in doctoral-granting mathematical sciences departments in the United States. Compared to this group, we find that 8.9% of the 13067 editorships in our study are held by women. We describe group variations within the editorships by identifying specific journals, subfields, publishers, and countries that significantly exceed or fall short of this average. To enable our study, we develop a semi-automated method for inferring gender that has an estimated accuracy of 97.5%. Our findings provide the first measure of gender distribution on editorial boards in the mathematical sciences, offer insights that suggest future studies in the mathematical sciences, and introduce new methods that enable large-scale studies of gender distribution in other fields. PMID:27536970
Science Academies' Refresher Course in Mathematics
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
IAS Admin
2015-06-14
Jun 14, 2015 ... so that the participants can understand basics of the discussed topic which can be used in teaching to motivate undergraduate and postgraduate students. Resource Persons: Professors Gadadhar Misra (IISc, Bangalore), Maddaly Krishna (IMSc, Chennai), B. Ramakrishnan (HRI, Allahabad), HL Vasudeva ...
Basic training in mathematics a fitness program for science students
Shankar, R
1995-01-01
Based on course material used by the author at Yale University, this practical text addresses the widening gap found between the mathematics required for upper-level courses in the physical sciences and the knowledge of incoming students This superb book offers students an excellent opportunity to strengthen their mathematical skills by solving various problems in differential calculus By covering material in its simplest form, students can look forward to a smooth entry into any course in the physical sciences
Using Primary Literature for Teaching Undergraduate Planetary Sciences
Levine, J.
2013-05-01
Articles from the primary scientific literature can be a valuable teaching tool in undergraduate classrooms. At Colgate University, I emphasize selected research articles in an upper-level undergraduate course in planetary sciences. In addition to their value for conveying specific scientific content, I find that they also impart larger lessons which are especially apt in planetary sciences and allied fields. First, because of the interdisciplinary nature of planetary sciences, students discover that contributions to outstanding problems may arrive from unexpected directions, so they need to be aware of the multi-faceted nature of scientific problems. For instance, after millennia of astrometric attempts, the scale of the Solar System was determined with extraordinary precision with emerging radar technology in the 1960's. Second, students learn the importance of careful work, with due attention to detail. After all, the timescales of planetary formation are encoded in systematic isotopic variations of a few parts in 10,000; in students' own experiences with laboratory data they might well overlook such a small effect. Third, students identify the often-tortuous connections between measured and inferred quantities, which corrects a common student misconception that all quantities of interest (e.g., the age of a meteorite) can be measured directly. Fourth, research articles provide opportunities for students to practice the interpretation of graphical data, since figures often represent a large volume of data in succinct form. Fifth, and perhaps of greatest importance, by considering the uncertainties inherent in reported data, students come to recognize the limits of scientific understanding, the extent to which scientific conclusions are justified (or not), and the lengths to which working scientists go to mitigate their uncertainties. These larger lessons are best mediated by students' own encounters with the articles they read, but require instructors to make
Reilly, David; Neumann, David L.; Andrews, Glenda
2017-06-01
The underrepresentation of women in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM)-related fields remains a concern for educators and the scientific community. Gender differences in mathematics and science achievement play a role, in conjunction with attitudes and self-efficacy beliefs. We report results from the 2011 Trends in Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS), a large international assessment of eighth grade students' achievement, attitudes, and beliefs among 45 participating nations (N = 261,738). Small- to medium-sized gender differences were found for most individual nations (from d = -.60 to +.31 in mathematics achievement, and d = -.60 to +.26 for science achievement), although the direction varied and there were no global gender differences overall. Such a pattern cross-culturally is incompatible with the notion of immutable gender differences. Additionally, there were different patterns between OECD and non-OECD nations, with girls scoring higher than boys in mathematics and science achievement across non-OECD nations. An association was found between gender differences in science achievement and national levels of gender equality, providing support for the gender segregation hypothesis. Furthermore, the performance of boys was more variable than that of girls in most nations, consistent with the greater male variability hypothesis. Boys reported more favorable attitudes towards mathematics and science, and girls reported lower self-efficacy beliefs. While the gender gap in STEM achievement may be closing, there are still large sections of the world where differences remain.
Applied mathematics for science and engineering
Glasgow, Larry A
2014-01-01
Prepare students for success in using applied mathematics for engineering practice and post-graduate studies moves from one mathematical method to the next sustaining reader interest and easing the application of the techniques Uses different examples from chemical, civil, mechanical and various other engineering fields Based on a decade's worth of the authors lecture notes detailing the topic of applied mathematics for scientists and engineers Concisely writing with numerous examples provided including historical perspectives as well as a solutions manual for academic adopters
Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Author Affiliations. Amir Mafi1 2. Department of Mathematics, University of Kurdistan, P.O. Box 416, Sanandaj, Iran; Institute for Studies in Theoretical Physics and Mathematics, P.O. Box 19395-5746, Tehran, Iran ...
Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Author Affiliations. Deepak Kumar Gumber1 Ram Karan2 Indu Pal2. School of Mathematics and Computer Applications, Thapar University, Patiala 147 004, India; Department of Mathematics, Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra 136 119, India ...
Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Author Affiliations. M Subbiah1 V Ganesh2. Department of Mathematics, Pondicherry University, Kalapet, Pondicherry 605 014, India; Department of Mathematics, Amrita School of Engineering, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham University, Ettimadai, Coimbatore 641 105, India ...
Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Author Affiliations. Saurav Bhaumik1 Vikram Mehta2. School of Mathematics, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Homi Bhabha Road, Mumbai 400 005, India; Department of Mathematics, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Powai, Mumbai 400 076, India ...
Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Author Affiliations. Hassan Azad1 Indranil Biswas2. Department of Mathematics and Statistics, King Fahd University, Saudi Arabia; School of Mathematics, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Homi Bhabha Road, Mumbai 400 005, India ...
Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Author Affiliations. Yanheng Chen1 2 Guiyun Chen1. School of Mathematics and Statistics, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, People's Republic of China; School of Mathematics and Statistics, Chongqing Three Gorges University, Chongqing 404100, People's Republic of China ...
Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Author Affiliations. Nazim Agayev1 Tahire Özen2 Abdullah Harmanci3. Department of Pedagogy, Qafqaz University, Baku Azerbaijan; Mathematics Department, Ízzet Baysal University, Bolu, Türkiye; Mathematics Department, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Türkiye ...
Commognitive analysis of undergraduate mathematics students' first encounter with the subgroup test
Ioannou, Marios
2018-06-01
This study analyses learning aspects of undergraduate mathematics students' first encounter with the subgroup test, using the commognitive theoretical framework. It focuses on students' difficulties as these are related to the object-level and metalevel mathematical learning in group theory, and, when possible, highlights any commognitive conflicts. In the data analysis, one can identify three types of difficulties, relevant to object-level learning: namely regarding the frequently observed confusion between groups and sets, the object-level rules of visual mediators, and the object-level rules of contextual notions, such as permutations, exponentials, sets and matrices. In addition, data analysis suggests two types of difficulties, relevant to metalevel learning. The first refers to the actual proof that the three conditions of subgroup test hold, and the second is related to syntactic inaccuracies, incomplete argumentation and problematic use of visual mediators. Finally, this study suggests that there are clear links between object-level and metalevel learning, mainly due to the fact that objectification of the various relevant mathematical notions influences the endorsement of the governing metarules.
Creators of mathematical and computational sciences
Agarwal, Ravi P
2014-01-01
The book records the essential discoveries of mathematical and computational scientists in chronological order, following the birth of ideas on the basis of prior ideas ad infinitum. The authors document the winding path of mathematical scholarship throughout history, and most importantly, the thought process of each individual that resulted in the mastery of their subject. The book implicitly addresses the nature and character of every scientist as one tries to understand their visible actions in both adverse and congenial environments. The authors hope that this will enable the reader to understand their mode of thinking, and perhaps even to emulate their virtues in life. … presents a picture of mathematics as a creation of the human imagination. … brings the history of mathematics to life by describing the contributions of the world’s greatest mathematicians. —Rex F. Gandy, Provost and Vice President for Academic Affairs, TAMUK It starts with the explanation and history of numbers, arithmetic, ...
Toven-Lindsey, Brit; Levis-Fitzgerald, Marc; Barber, Paul H; Hasson, Tama
2015-01-01
The 6-yr degree-completion rate of undergraduate science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) majors at U.S. colleges and universities is less than 40%. Persistence among women and underrepresented minorities (URMs), including African-American, Latino/a, Native American, and Pacific Islander students, is even more troubling, as these students leave STEM majors at significantly higher rates than their non-URM peers. This study utilizes a matched comparison group design to examine the academic achievement and persistence of students enrolled in the Program for Excellence in Education and Research in the Sciences (PEERS), an academic support program at the University of California, Los Angeles, for first- and second-year science majors from underrepresented backgrounds. Results indicate that PEERS students, on average, earned higher grades in most "gatekeeper" chemistry and math courses, had a higher cumulative grade point average, completed more science courses, and persisted in a science major at significantly higher rates than the comparison group. With its holistic approach focused on academics, counseling, creating a supportive community, and exposure to research, the PEERS program serves as an excellent model for universities interested in and committed to improving persistence of underrepresented science majors and closing the achievement gap. © 2015 B. Toven-Lindsey et al. CBE—Life Sciences Education © 2015 The American Society for Cell Biology. This article is distributed by The American Society for Cell Biology under license from the author(s). It is available to the public under an Attribution–Noncommercial–Share Alike 3.0 Unported Creative Commons License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0).
Milaturrahmah, Naila; Mardiyana, Pramudya, Ikrar
2017-08-01
This 21st century demands competent human resources in science, technology, engineering design and mathematics so that education is expected to integrate the four disciplines. This paper aims to describe the importance of STEM as mathematics learning approach in Indonesia in the 21st century. This paper uses a descriptive analysis research method, and the method reveals that STEM education growing in developed countries today can be a framework for innovation mathematics in Indonesia in the 21st century. STEM education integrate understanding of science, math skills, and the available technology with the ability to perform engineering design process. Implementation of mathematics learning with STEM approach makes graduates trained in using of mathematics knowledge that they have to create innovative products that are able to solve the problems that exist in society.
Geometrical objects architecture and the mathematical sciences 1400-1800
2014-01-01
This volume explores the mathematical character of architectural practice in diverse pre- and early modern contexts. It takes an explicitly interdisciplinary approach, which unites scholarship in early modern architecture with recent work in the history of science, in particular, on the role of practice in the scientific revolution. As a contribution to architectural history, the volume contextualizes design and construction in terms of contemporary mathematical knowledge, attendant forms of mathematical practice, and relevant social distinctions between the mathematical professions. As a contribution to the history of science, the volume presents a series of micro-historical studies that highlight issues of process, materiality, and knowledge production in specific, situated, practical contexts. Our approach sees the designer’s studio, the stone-yard, the drawing floor, and construction site not merely as places where the architectural object takes shape, but where mathematical knowledge itself is depl...
Kulhavy, David L.; Unger, Daniel R.; Hung, I-Kuai; Douglass, David
2015-01-01
A senior within a spatial science Ecological Planning capstone course designed an undergraduate research project to increase his spatial science expertise and to assess the hands-on instruction methodology employed within the Bachelor of Science in Spatial Science program at Stephen F Austin State University. The height of 30 building features…
Train, Tonya Laakko; Miyamoto, Yuko J.
2017-01-01
The ability to effectively communicate science is a skill sought after by graduate and professional schools as well as by employers in science-related fields. Are content-heavy undergraduate science curricula able to incorporate opportunities to develop science communication skills, and is promoting these skills worth the time and effort? The…
Research Experience for Undergraduates Program in Multidisciplinary Environmental Science
Wu, M. S.
2012-12-01
During summers 2011 and 12 Montclair State University hosted a Research Experience for Undergraduates Program (REU) in transdisciplinary, hands-on, field-oriented research in environmental sciences. Participants were housed at the Montclair State University's field station situated in the middle of 30,000 acres of mature forest, mountain ridges and freshwater streams and lakes within the Kittatinny Mountains of Northwest New Jersey, Program emphases were placed on development of project planning skills, analytical skills, creativity, critical thinking and scientific report preparation. Ten students were recruited in spring with special focus on recruiting students from underrepresented groups and community colleges. Students were matched with their individual research interests including hydrology, erosion and sedimentation, environmental chemistry, and ecology. In addition to research activities, lectures, educational and recreational field trips, and discussion on environmental ethics and social justice played an important part of the program. The ultimate goal of the program is to facilitate participants' professional growth and to stimulate the participants' interests in pursuing Earth Science as the future career of the participants.
Discrete thoughts essays on mathematics, science, and philosophy
Kac, Mark; Schwartz, Jacob T
1992-01-01
This is a volume of essays and reviews that delightfully explore mathematics in all its moods — from the light and the witty, and humorous to serious, rational, and cerebral. Topics include: logic, combinatorics, statistics, economics, artificial intelligence, computer science, and applications of mathematics broadly. You will also find history and philosophy covered, including discussion of the work of Ulam, Kant, Heidegger among others. "...these papers reflect on mathematics and its influence on human society. They can help the specialist to notice what is going on around him, and they may lead educated people from other domains to a better understanding of mathematics. Many of these papers can advise educators how to form a modern mathematics education, which develops approved ideas and institutions...I admire the stimulating perspectives of the authors."---American Mathematical Society "‘Mathematicians, like Proust and everyone else, are at their best when writing about their first love’ … They a...
Arion, Douglas; OConnell, Christine; Lowenthal, James; Hickox, Ryan C.; Lyons, Daniel
2018-01-01
The Alan Alda Center for Communicating Science at Stony Brook University is working with Carthage College, Dartmouth College, and Smith College, in partnership with the Appalachian Mountain Club, to develop and disseminate curriculum to incorporate science communication education into undergraduate science programs. The public science education and outreach program operating since 2012 as a partnership between Carthage and the Appalachian Mountain Club is being used as the testbed for evaluating the training methods. This talk will review the processes that have been developed and the results from the first cohort of students trained in these methods and tested during the summer 2017 education and outreach efforts, which reached some 12,000 members of the public. A variety of evaluation and assessment tools were utilized, including surveys of public participants and video recording of the interactions of the students with the public. This work was supported by the National Science Foundation under grant number 1625316.
Expectations and implementations of the flipped classroom model in undergraduate mathematics courses
Naccarato, Emilie; Karakok, Gulden
2015-10-01
The flipped classroom model is being used more frequently in undergraduate mathematics courses. As with any new teaching model, in-depth investigations of both various implementation styles and how the new model improves student learning are needed. Currently, many practitioners have been sharing their implementations of this model. However, there has not yet been an investigation of the various implementations of the model to discern general trends in this movement. With this research goal in mind, we conducted a study exploring various implementations of the flipped classroom model by interviewing 19 faculty members who experienced using this model at 14 different institutes. Results indicate that participants had similar motivations for implementation; however, subsequent implementations were different. In addition, we share participants' perspectives on (a) student learning of pre-requisite, procedural and conceptual knowledge, and (b) how this particular model promotes such knowledge developments. Finally, we provide suggestions for future implementations and research regarding this particular teaching model.
Colloquy on Minority Males in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics
Didion, Catherine; Fortenberry, Norman L.; Cady, Elizabeth
2012-01-01
On August 8-12, 2010 the National Academy of Engineering (NAE), with funding from the National Science Foundation (NSF), convened the Colloquy on Minority Males in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM), following the release of several reports highlighting the educational challenges facing minority males. The NSF recognized the…
Pre-Service Teachers' Beliefs about Knowledge, Mathematics, and Science
Cady, Jo Ann; Rearden, Kristin
2007-01-01
This study examines the beliefs of K-8 preservice teachers during a content methods course. The goals of this course included exposing the preservice teachers to student-centered instructional methods for math and science and encouraging the development of lessons that would integrate mathematics and science. Prior research suggested that one must…
Taiwanese Preservice Teachers' Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Teaching Intention
Lin, Kuen-Yi; Williams, P. John
2016-01-01
This study applies the theory of planned behavior as a basis for exploring the impact of knowledge, values, subjective norms, perceived behavioral controls, and attitudes on the behavioral intention toward science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education among Taiwanese preservice science teachers. Questionnaires (N = 139)…
Rural Alaska Science and Mathematics Network
National Research Council Canada - National Science Library
Brunk, Blanche R
2005-01-01
...), are awarded to Alaska Native students. Academic preparation, lack of exposure to science careers in rural Alaska, and little connection between western science and Native traditional life have combined to impede Native students' interest...
Rural Alaska Science and Mathematics Network
National Research Council Canada - National Science Library
Brunk, Blanche R
2005-01-01
... and progress in math and science education. The goal of this project was to develop and deliver, both on-site and through distance learning, a comprehensive program of developmental and college preparatory math and science courses at minority...
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Mico Tatalovic
2008-09-01
Full Text Available Science magazines have an important role in disseminating scientific knowledge into the public sphere and in discussing the broader scope affected by scientific research such as technology, ethics and politics. Student-run science magazines afford opportunities for future scientists, communicators, politicians and others to practice communicating science. The ability to translate ‘scientese’ into a jargon-free discussion is rarely easy: it requires practice, and student magazines may provide good practice ground for undergraduate and graduate science students wishing to improve their communication skills.
Colbert-White, Erin; Simpson, Elizabeth
2017-01-01
Research mentors strive to ensure that undergraduates gain research skills and develop professionally during mentored research experiences in the sciences. We created the SURE (Specialized Undergraduate Research Experience) Workbook, a freely-available, interactive guide to scaffold student learning during this process. The Workbook: (1)…
Letchford, Julie; Corradi, Hazel; Day, Trevor
2017-01-01
An important aim of undergraduate science education is to develop student skills in reading and evaluating research papers. We have designed, developed, and implemented an on-line interactive resource entitled "Evaluating Scientific Research literature" (ESRL) aimed at students from the first 2 years of the undergraduate program. In this…
Ing, Marsha; Fung, Wenson W.; Kisailus, David
2013-01-01
Communicating research findings with others is a skill essential to the success of future STEM professionals. However, little is known about how this skill can be nurtured through participating in undergraduate research. The purpose of this study is to quantify undergraduate participation in research in a materials science and engineering…
Undergraduate Training for Industrial Careers.
Stehney, Ann K.
1983-01-01
Forty-eight mathematicians in industry, business, and government replied to a questionnaire on the relative merits of the traditional undergraduate curriculum, advanced topics in pure mathematics, computer programing, additional computer science, and specialized or applied topics. They favored programing and applied mathematics, along with a…
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Gabriella Baki
2017-01-01
Full Text Available As a unique and versatile undergraduate degree program, a Bachelor of Science in Pharmaceutical Sciences (BSPS is offered by a number of colleges/schools of pharmacy. These provide a bachelor's degree concentrated in pharmaceutical sciences, and can be a non-Doctor of Pharmacy option, possibly before progressing to graduate degree studies. Recently implemented at the University of Toledo College of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences (UTCPPS, one such BSPS major is Cosmetic Science and Formulation Design. This new undergraduate major was created to serve the needs of the cosmetic and personal care industry, with a great need identified for well-trained new professionals with basic knowledge in the sciences and business. This Cosmetic Science and Formulation Design major was added to four other BSPS majors at UTCPPS. Introduced in 2013, this major is the only functioning undergraduate degree in Cosmetic Science and Formulation Design in the United States. Preliminary job placement data provides promising evidence that this undergraduate major has helped graduates launch a career in the cosmetic and personal care, or pharmaceutical industries. Based on our experience from the past three years, we believe that this cosmetic science major has been worth its resource investment. We hope others designing new undergraduate pharmaceutical sciences programs might integrate advice from this experience into their impending programs. Type: Idea Paper
Algorithms in Modern Mathematics and Computer Science.
1980-01-01
importance, since we will go on doing what we are doing no matter what it is called; after all, other disciplines like Mathematics and Chemistry are no...longer related very strongly to the etymology of their names. However, if I had a chance to vote for the name of my own discipline, I would choose to call
Key Concept Mathematics and Management Science Models
Macbeth, Thomas G.; Dery, George C.
1973-01-01
The presentation of topics in calculus and matrix algebra to second semester freshmen along with a treatment of exponential and power functions would permit them to cope with a significant portion of the mathematical concepts that comprise the essence of several disciplines in a business school curriculum. (Author)
Mathematics and Science Learning Opportunities in Preschool Classrooms
Piasta, Shayne B.; Pelatti, Christina Yeager; Miller, Heather Lynnine
2014-01-01
Research findings The present study observed and coded instruction in 65 preschool classrooms to examine (a) overall amounts and (b) types of mathematics and science learning opportunities experienced by preschool children as well as (c) the extent to which these opportunities were associated with classroom and program characteristics. Results indicated that children were afforded an average of 24 and 26 minutes of mathematics and science learning opportunities, respectively, corresponding to spending approximately 25% of total instructional time in each domain. Considerable variability existed, however, in the amounts and types of mathematics and science opportunities provided to children in their classrooms; to some extent, this variability was associated with teachers’ years of experience, teachers’ levels of education, and the socioeconomic status of children served in the program. Practice/policy Although results suggest greater integration of mathematics and science in preschool classrooms than previously established, there was considerable diversity in the amounts and types of learning opportunities provided in preschool classrooms. Affording mathematics and science experiences to all preschool children, as outlined in professional and state standards, may require additional professional development aimed at increasing preschool teachers’ understanding and implementation of learning opportunities in these two domains in their classrooms. PMID:25489205
Kartika, H.
2018-03-01
The issue related to making mistake while learning such as negative emotion is found while students learn mathematics with the aid of a computer. When the computer output showed a mistake message, the students considered it as a computer software malfunction. Based on this issue, the writer designs an instructional model based on learning by mistake approach and which is Scilab assisted. The method used in this research is research design involving undergraduate students in matrix algebra courses. The data collected throught survey with questionnaire to gain feedback about the approach implemented. The data analyzed using quantitative descriptive. The instructional design proposed is the student act as a mistake corrector while the teacher acts as a mistake maker. Teacher deliberately makes mistakes with the help of Scilab software. On the other hand, students correct, analyze and explain errors resulting from Scilab software. The result of this research is an ICT based instructional design which is expected to be applicable as an alternative learning in directing students to think positively about mistakes in learning. Furthermore, students are also expected to improve their ability in understanding and thinking critically while solving problems and improving themselves in learning mathematics.
Mathematical modelling of the electrostatic pendulum in school and undergraduate education
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Forjan, Matej; Marhl, Marko; Grubelnik, Vladimir
2014-01-01
The electrostatic pendulum, also known as the electrostatic ping-pong, is an exciting experiment in school as well as in undergraduate education. We can easily demonstrate how the frequency of the electrostatic pendulum depends on the voltage across the capacitor. In this paper, we develop a simple mathematical model describing the dynamics of this experiment. In a step-wise manner, we introduce the external forces influencing the dynamics of the electrostatic pendulum. First, we take into account the electric force only. Then, we add air resistance and the non-elasticity of ball collisions with the capacitor plates. The model predictions show that the non-elastic collisions have greater effect on the pendulum dynamics than air resistance; in particular, this is true for higher frequencies of the pendulum. For lower frequencies, however, gravity is of crucial importance. The mathematical model is implemented in a graphic-oriented computer program, which gives the possibility of using this theoretical analysis also at the secondary school level. (paper)
Chemical Analysis of Soils: An Environmental Chemistry Laboratory for Undergraduate Science Majors.
Willey, Joan D.; Avery, G. Brooks, Jr.; Manock, John J.; Skrabal, Stephen A.; Stehman, Charles F.
1999-01-01
Describes a laboratory exercise for undergraduate science students in which they evaluate soil samples for various parameters related to suitability for crop production and capability for retention of contaminants. (Contains 18 references.) (WRM)
Jones, R. M.; Gill, T. E.; Quesada, D.; Hedquist, B. C.
2015-12-01
Climate literacy and climate education are important topics in current socio-political debate. Despite numerous scientific findings supporting global climate changes and accelerated greenhouse warming, there is a social inertia resisting and slowing the rate at which many of our students understand and absorb these facts. A variety of reasons, including: socio-economic interests, political and ideological biases, misinformation from mass media, inappropriate preparation of science teachers, and lack of numancy have created serious challenges for public awareness of such an important issue. Different agencies and organizations (NASA, NOAA, EPA, AGU, APS, AMS and others) have created training programs for educators, not involved directly in climatology research, in order to learn climate science in a consistent way and then communicate it to the public and students. Different approaches on how to deliver such information to undergraduate students in diverse environments is discussed based on the author's experiences working in different minority-serving institutions across the nation and who have attended AMS Weather and Climate Studies training workshops, MSI-REACH, and the School of Ice. Different parameters are included in the analysis: demographics of students, size of the institutions, geographical locations, target audience, programs students are enrolled in, conceptual units covered, and availability of climate-related courses in the curricula. Additionally, the feasibility of incorporating a laboratory and quantitative analysis is analyzed. As a result of these comparisons it seems that downscaling of climate education experiences do not always work as expected in every institution regardless of the student body demographics. Different geographical areas, student body characteristics and type of institution determine the approach to be adopted as well as the feasibility to introduce different components for weather and climate studies. Some ideas are shared
Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Department of Mathematics, The University of Texas – Pan American, 1201 West University Drive, Edinburg, TX 78539, USA; School of Mathematics, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA 30332-0160, USA; Departamento de Matemáticas, Universidad de Antioquia, Calle 67 N◦53-108, Medellín, Colombia, USA ...
Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Universität Bonn, Institut für Angewandte Mathematik, Abt. für Stochastik, 53115 Bonn, Wegelerstr. 6, Deutschland; Institute of Mathematics “Simion Stoilow” of the Romanian Academy, P.O. Box 1-764, RO-70700 Bucharest, Romania; Department of Mathematics, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Altgeld Hall, 1409 ...
Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Matija Cencelj1 Dušan Repovš1 Mikhail B Skopenkov2. Institute for Mathematics, Physics and Mechanics and Faculty of Education, University of Ljubljana, P.O. Box 2964, 1001 Ljubljana, Slovenia; Department of Differential Geometry, Faculty of Mechanics and Mathematics, Moscow State University, Moscow 119992, ...
Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Author Affiliations. Taras Radul1 Dušan Repovš2. Department of Mechanics and Mathematics, Lviv National University, Universytetska st., 1, Lviv, Ukraine 79602; Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, University of Ljubljana, Jadranska 21, Ljubljana, Slovenia 1000 ...
Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
... Nadeem Ur Rehman2 Joso Vukman3. Faculty of Logistics, University of Maribor, Mariborska cesta 7, 3000 Celje, Slovenia; Department of Mathematics, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh 202 002, India; Department of Mathematics, Physics and Mechanics, University of Maribor, Gosposvetska 84, 2000 Maribor, Slovenia ...
Perera, Viranga; Mead, Chris; Buxner, Sanlyn; Horodyskyj, Lev; Semken, Steven; Lopatto, David; Anbar, Ariel
2016-10-01
General-education Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) courses are accepted as essential to a college education. An often cited reason is to train a scientifically literate populace who can think critically and make informed decisions about complex issues such as climate change, health care, and atomic energy. Goals of these STEM courses, therefore, go beyond content knowledge to include generating positive attitudes towards science, developing competence in evaluating scientific information in everyday life and understanding the nature of science. To gauge if such non-content learning outcomes are being met in our course, an online astrobiology course called Habitable Worlds, we administered the Classroom Undergraduate Research Experience (CURE) survey to students. The survey was administered before and after completion of the course for three semesters starting with the Fall 2014 semester and ending with the Fall 2015 semester (N = 774). A factor analysis indicated three factors on attitudes: toward science education, toward the interconnectedness of science with non-science fields, and toward the nature of science. Here we present some differences between students enrolled in online degree programs (o-course) and those enrolled in traditional undergraduate programs (i-course). While mean course grades were similar, changes in attitudes toward science differ significantly between o-course and i-course students. The o-course students began the course with more positive attitudes across all three factors than the i-course students. Their attitudes toward science education improved during the course, while the i-course students showed no change. Attitudes toward the other two factors declined in both populations during the course, but declines were smaller among o-course students. These differences may indicate lesser intrinsic motivation among the i-course students. The CURE survey has not been used before in an online course; therefore, we will
Euler European Libraries and Electronic Resources in Mathematical Sciences
The Euler Project. Karlsruhe
The European Libraries and Electronic Resources (EULER) Project in Mathematical Sciences provides the EulerService site for searching out "mathematical resources such as books, pre-prints, web-pages, abstracts, proceedings, serials, technical reports preprints) and NetLab (for Internet resources), this outstanding engine is capable of simple, full, and refined searches. It also offers a browse option, which responds to entries in the author, keyword, and title fields. Further information about the Project is provided at the EULER homepage.
Almeida, Maria Strecht; Quintanilha, Alexandre
2017-01-01
We explore the integration of societal issues in undergraduate training within the life sciences. Skills in thinking about science, scientific knowledge production and the place of science in society are crucial in the context of the idea of responsible research and innovation. This idea became institutionalized and it is currently well-present in…
Orthia, Lindy A.; Dobos, Amy R.; Guy, Tristan; Kan, Shanan Z.; Keys, Siân E.; Nekvapil, Stefan; Ngu, Dalton H. Y.
2012-01-01
In this study, students and staff involved in an undergraduate science communication course investigated people's responses to a science-rich episode of the animated sitcom "The Simpsons". Using focus groups, we sought to find out if and how the episode influenced our 34 participants' perceptions of science, but our results problematised…
Preparing Elementary Mathematics-Science Teaching Specialists.
Miller, L. Diane
1992-01-01
Describes a professional development program to train math/science specialists for the upper elementary school grades. Using results from an interest survey, 30 teachers were chosen to participate in a 3-year program to become math/science specialists. Presents the teaching model used and the advantages for teachers and students in having subject…
Internet use by library and information science undergraduates in ...
African Journals Online (AJOL)
The study recommended that undergraduates should be trained to be ICT literate as well as be given increased access to internet facilities to enable them maximize the benefits of internet use. The study concluded that although there is a rise in the use of internet by undergraduates, they primarily use the internet for social ...
Undergraduate Research-Methods Training in Political Science: A Comparative Perspective
Parker, Jonathan
2010-01-01
Unlike other disciplines in the social sciences, there has been relatively little attention paid to the structure of the undergraduate political science curriculum. This article reports the results of a representative survey of 200 political science programs in the United States, examining requirements for quantitative methods, research methods,…
Characteristics of Abductive Inquiry in Earth Science: An Undergraduate Case Study
Oh, Phil Seok
2011-01-01
The goal of this case study was to describe characteristic features of abductive inquiry learning activities in the domain of earth science. Participants were undergraduate junior and senior students who were enrolled in an earth science education course offered for preservice secondary science teachers at a university in Korea. The undergraduate…
Introducing Taiwanese Undergraduate Students to the Nature of Science through Nobel Prize Stories
Eshach, Haim; Hwang, Fu-Kwun; Wu, Hsin-Kai; Hsu, Ying-Shao
2013-01-01
Although there is a broad agreement among scientists and science educators that students should not only learn science, but also acquire some sense of its nature, it has been reported that undergraduate students possess an inadequate grasp of the nature of science (NOS). The study presented here examined the potential and effectiveness of Nobel…
Making mathematics and science integration happen: key aspects of practice
Ríordáin, Máire Ní; Johnston, Jennifer; Walshe, Gráinne
2016-02-01
The integration of mathematics and science teaching and learning facilitates student learning, engagement, motivation, problem-solving, criticality and real-life application. However, the actual implementation of an integrative approach to the teaching and learning of both subjects at classroom level, with in-service teachers working collaboratively, at second-level education, is under-researched due to the complexities of school-based research. This study reports on a year-long case study on the implementation of an integrated unit of learning on distance, speed and time, within three second-level schools in Ireland. This study employed a qualitative approach and examined the key aspects of practice that impact on the integration of mathematics and science teaching and learning. We argue that teacher perspective, teacher knowledge of the 'other subject' and of technological pedagogical content knowledge (TPACK), and teacher collaboration and support all impact on the implementation of an integrative approach to mathematics and science education.
Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Special issue devoted to advances in specific areas of mathematics and proceedings of selected high quality conferences are also published. ... Editorial Manager is a user-friendly online submission and review management system. Authors ...
Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Author Affiliations. A Carriazo1 L M Fernández1 A Rodríguez-Hidalgo1. Department of Geometry and Topology, Faculty of Mathematics, University of Sevilla, Apartado de Correos 1160, 41080-Sevilla, Spain ...
Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Author Affiliations. Stephen Dias Barreto1 2. Stat. Math. Unit, Indian Statistical Institute, Bangalore 560 059, India; Department of Mathematics, Goa University, Sub P.O. Goa University, Taleigao Plateau, Goa 403 206 ...
Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Chandra Research Institute, Chhatnag Road, Jhusi, Allahabad 211 019, India; Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Queen's University, Jeffrey Hall, 99 University Avenue, Kingston, ON, Canada K7L 3N6 ...
Mathematics for informatics and computer science
Audibert, Pierre
2013-01-01
How many ways do exist to mix different ingredients, how many chances to win a gambling game, how many possible paths going from one place to another in a network ? To this kind of questions Mathematics applied to computer gives a stimulating and exhaustive answer. This text, presented in three parts (Combinatorics, Probability, Graphs) addresses all those who wish to acquire basic or advanced knowledge in combinatorial theories. It is actually also used as a textbook. Basic and advanced theoretical elements are presented through simple applications like the Sudoku game, search engine al
Graph comprehension in science and mathematics education: Objects and categories
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Voetmann Christiansen, Frederik; May, Michael
types of registers. In the second part of the paper, we consider how diagrams in science are often composites of iconic and indexical elements, and how this fact may lead to confusion for students. In the discussion the utility of the Peircian semiotic framework for educational studies......, the typological mistake of considering graphs as images is discussed related to litterature, and two examples from engineering education are given. The educational implications for science and engineering are discussed, with emphasis on the need for students to work explicitly with conversions between different...... of representational forms in science is discussed, and how the objects of mathematics and science relate to their semiotic representations....
A study of the Teachers` Academy for Mathematics and Science
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Brett, B.; Scheirer, M.A.; Raizen, S.
1994-09-15
The Teachers` Academy for Mathematics and Science in Chicago (TAMS) is a freestanding institution founded in 1989 by scientists and a variety of other stakeholders, to advance the systemic reform of mathematics and science education in Chicago`s public schools. It focuses on the ``re-tooling`` of its elementary level teachers. The TAMS program, which has been funded in part by the DOE, contributes to strategic goals two through five of the Office of University and Science Education (OUSE). This evaluation of TAMS by the National Center for Improving Science Education is primarily a qualitative study that summarizes the history and current status of the organization and its programs. Data was obtained through extensive interviews, observations, and document review, using a framework of templates to guide data collection and analyses. The findings are organized around a series of lessons learned from the first three years of TAMS and conclusions about its current status.
Resonance – Journal of Science Education | Indian Academy of ...
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Author Affiliations. N J Tejaswi1. National Undergraduate Programme in Mathematics and Computer Science, Chennai Mathematical Institute (previously SPIC Mathematical Institute) 92, G N Chetty Road, T Nagar, Chennai 600 017, India.
Internalization of Malaysian mathematical and computer science journals
Zainab, A. N.
2008-01-01
The internationalization characteristics of two Malaysian journals, Bulletin of the Malaysian Mathematical Sciences Society ( indexed by ISI) and the Malaysian Journal of Computer Science ( indexed by Inspec and Scopus) is observed. All issues for the years 2000 to 2007 were looked at to obtain the following information, (i) total articles published between 2000 and 2007; (ii) the distribution of foreign and Malaysian authors publishing in the journals; (iii) the distribution of articles by c...
The Legacy of Alladi Ramakrishnan in the Mathematical Sciences
Alladi, Krishnaswami; Rao, Calyampudi R
2010-01-01
In the spirit of Alladi Ramakrishnan's profound interest and contributions to three fields of science -- Mathematics, Statistics, and Physics -- this volume contains invited surveys and research articles from prominent members of these communities who also knew Ramakrishnan personally and greatly respected his influence in these areas of science. Historical photos, telegrams, and biographical narratives of Alladi Ramakrishnan's illustrious career of special interest are included as well.
Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
), Kalasalingam University, Anand Nagar, Krishnankoil 626126, India; School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, The University of Newcastle, Newcastle, NSW 2308, Australia; Department of Computer Science, Ball State ...
History of mathematics and history of science reunited?
Gray, Jeremy
2011-09-01
For some years now, the history of modern mathematics and the history of modern science have developed independently. A step toward a reunification that would benefit both disciplines could come about through a revived appreciation of mathematical practice. Detailed studies of what mathematicians actually do, whether local or broadly based, have often led in recent work to examinations of the social, cultural, and national contexts, and more can be done. Another recent approach toward a historical understanding of the abstractness of modern mathematics has been to see it as a species of modernism, and this thesis will be tested by the raft of works on the history of modern applied mathematics currently under way.
Heuristic and algorithmic processing in English, mathematics, and science education.
Sharps, Matthew J; Hess, Adam B; Price-Sharps, Jana L; Teh, Jane
2008-01-01
Many college students experience difficulties in basic academic skills. Recent research suggests that much of this difficulty may lie in heuristic competency--the ability to use and successfully manage general cognitive strategies. In the present study, the authors evaluated this possibility. They compared participants' performance on a practice California Basic Educational Skills Test and on a series of questions in the natural sciences with heuristic and algorithmic performance on a series of mathematics and reading comprehension exercises. Heuristic competency in mathematics was associated with better scores in science and mathematics. Verbal and algorithmic skills were associated with better reading comprehension. These results indicate the importance of including heuristic training in educational contexts and highlight the importance of a relatively domain-specific approach to questions of cognition in higher education.
Mathematical representations in science: a cognitive-historical case history.
Tweney, Ryan D
2009-10-01
The important role of mathematical representations in scientific thinking has received little attention from cognitive scientists. This study argues that neglect of this issue is unwarranted, given existing cognitive theories and laws, together with promising results from the cognitive historical analysis of several important scientists. In particular, while the mathematical wizardry of James Clerk Maxwell differed dramatically from the experimental approaches favored by Michael Faraday, Maxwell himself recognized Faraday as "in reality a mathematician of a very high order," and his own work as in some respects a re-representation of Faraday's field theory in analytic terms. The implications of the similarities and differences between the two figures open new perspectives on the cognitive role of mathematics as a learned mode of representation in science. Copyright © 2009 Cognitive Science Society, Inc.
Pharmacy students' perceptions of natural science and mathematics subjects.
Prescott, Julie; Wilson, Sarah Ellen; Wan, Kai-Wai
2014-08-15
To determine the level of importance pharmacy students placed on science and mathematics subjects for pursuing a career in pharmacy. Two hundred fifty-four students completed a survey instrument developed to investigate students' perceptions of the relevance of science and mathematics subjects to a career in pharmacy. Pharmacy students in all 4 years of a master of pharmacy (MPharm) degree program were invited to complete the survey instrument. Students viewed chemistry-based and biology-based subjects as relevant to a pharmacy career, whereas mathematics subjects such as physics, logarithms, statistics, and algebra were not viewed important to a career in pharmacy. Students' experience in pharmacy and year of study influenced their perceptions of subjects relevant to a pharmacy career. Pharmacy educators need to consider how they can help students recognize the importance of scientific knowledge earlier in the pharmacy curriculum.
Goebel, Camille A.
This longitudinal investigation explores the change in four (3 female, 1 male) science undergraduates' beliefs expressed about low-income elementary school students' ability to learn science. The study sought to identify how the undergraduates in year-long public school science-teaching partnerships perceived the social, cultural, and economic factors affecting student learning. Previous service-learning research infrequently focused on science undergraduates relative to science and society or detailed expressions of their beliefs and field practices over the experience. Qualitative methodology was used to guide the implementation and analysis of this study. A sample of an additional 20 science undergraduates likewise involved in intensive reflection in the service learning in science teaching (SLST) course called Elementary Science Education Partners (ESEP) was used to examine the typicality of the case participants. The findings show two major changes in science undergraduates' belief expressions: (1) a reduction in statements of beliefs from a deficit thinking perspective about the elementary school students' ability to learn science, and (2) a shift in the attribution of students, underlying problems in science learning from individual-oriented to systemic-oriented influences. Additional findings reveal that the science undergraduates perceived they had personally and profoundly changed as a result of the SLST experience. Changes include: (1) the gain of a new understanding of others' situations different from their own; (2) the realization of and appreciation for their relative positions of privilege due to their educational background and family support; (3) the gain in ability to communicate, teach, and work with others; (4) the idea that they were more socially and culturally connected to their community outside the university and their college classrooms; and (5) a broadening of the way they understood or thought about science. Women participants stated
Mthimunye, Katlego D T; Daniels, Felicity M
2017-10-26
The demand for highly qualified and skilled nurses is increasing in South Africa as well as around the world. Having a background in science can create a significant advantage for students wishing to enrol for an undergraduate nursing qualification because nursing as profession is grounded in scientific evidence. The aim of this study was to investigate the predictive validity of grade 12 mathematics and science on the academic performance of first year student nurses in science modules. A quantitative research method using a cross-sectional predictive design was employed in this study. The participants included first year Bachelor of Nursing students enrolled at a university in the Western Cape, South Africa. Descriptive and inferential statistics were performed to analyse the data by using the IBM Statistical Package for Social Sciences versions 24. Descriptive analysis of all variables was performed as well as the Spearman's rank correlation test to describe the relationship among the study variables. Standard multiple linear regressions analysis was performed to determine the predictive validity of grade 12 mathematics and science on the academic performance of first year student nurses in science modules. The results of this study showed that grade 12 physical science is not a significant predictor (p > 0.062) of performance in first year science modules. The multiple linear regression revealed that grade 12 mathematics and life science grades explained 37.1% to 38.1% (R2 = 0.381 and adj R2 = 0.371) of the variation in the first year science grade distributions. Based on the results of the study it is evident that performance in grade 12 mathematics (β = 2.997) and life science (β = 3.175) subjects is a significant predictor (p < 0.001) of the performance in first year science modules for student nurses at the university identified for this study.
Science and Mathematics Mentees and Mentors: Who Benefits the Most?
Taylor, Rosemarye T.; Karcinski, Lisa
2016-01-01
The purpose of our study was to determine the extent to which differences in a mentor model for science and mathematics teachers accounted for variances in mentoring effectiveness and persistence rates of teachers. School district designee, mentor, and teacher perceptions of mentoring support were collected through the use of interviews and…
Pre-Service Science and Mathematics Teachers' Thoughts about Technology
Aran, Özge Can; Derman, Ipek; Yagci, Esed
2016-01-01
This study aims to investigate pre-service teachers' opinions about the technology. In this respect, the opinions of pre-service science and mathematics teachers were taken. The study was carried out at a university, located in the capital of Turkey. The data were collected from 20 pre-service teachers in the department of secondary school science…
Global Journal of Mathematical Sciences - Vol 8, No 2 (2009)
African Journals Online (AJOL)
Global Journal of Mathematical Sciences. ... On the choice of schools located outside the walkable neighbourhood of the household · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. A.A Osagiede, V.U Ekhosuehi. http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/gjmas.v8i2.53758 ...
Computers in Science and Mathematics Education in the ASEAN Region.
Talisayon, Vivien M.
1989-01-01
Compares policies and programs on computers in science and mathematics education in the six ASEAN countries: Brunei, Indonesia; Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand. Limits discussion to the computer as a teaching aid and object of study, attendant problems, and regional cooperation. (MVL)
ICT Integration in Science and Mathematics Lessons: Teachers ...
African Journals Online (AJOL)
The study reported in this paper used Guskey's model (Guskey, 2000) to systematically investigate teachers' experiences about the professional development programme on ICT integration in teaching and learning of Science and Mathematics in secondary schools. The study employed survey research design and an ...
Restructuring STM (Science, Technology, and Mathematics) Education for Entrepreneurship
Ezeudu, F. O.; Ofoegbu, T. O.; Anyaegbunnam, N. J.
2013-01-01
This paper discussed the need to restructure STM (science, technology, and mathematics) education to reflect entrepreneurship. This is because the present STM education has not achieved its aim of making graduates self-reliant. Entrepreneurship education if introduced in the STM education will produce graduate who can effectively manage their…
Mathematics and social science : a statistical mechanics approach to immigration
Contucci, P.; Giardinà, C.
2008-01-01
Is modern science able to study social matters like those related to immigration phenomena on solid mathematical grounds? Can we for instance determine cultural robustness and the causes behind abrupt changes from cultural legacies? Can we predict, cause or avoid swings? A novel approach is under
Consumer Citizenship Curriculum Guides for Social Studies, English, Science, Mathematics.
MacKenzie, Louise; Smith, Alice
These four consumer citizenship curriculum guides for social studies, English, science, and mathematics incorporate consumer education into these subject matter areas in grades 8-12. Each guide is organized around 10 main component/goals. They are basic economics in the marketplace, credit, consumer law/protection, banking skills, comparison…
Secondary School Science and Mathematics Teachers, Characteristics and Service Loads.
Mills, Thomas J.
Determined were the educational and professional backgrounds, and some aspects of the operational environment of teachers of secondary school science and mathematics (Grades 7-12) in the public and private schools of the United States during the school year 1960-61. A stratified random sampling method was used to ensure proportional representation…
Recent developments and applications in mathematics and computer science
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Churchhouse, R.F.; Tahir Shah, K.; Zanella, P.
1991-01-01
The book contains 8 invited lectures and 4 short seminars presented at the College on Recent Developments and Applications in Mathematics and Computer Science held in Trieste from 7 May to 1 June 1990. A separate abstract was prepared for each paper. Refs, figs and tabs
An Alternative to Piagetian Psychology for Science and Mathematics Education
Novak, Joseph D.
1978-01-01
Reviews the basic precepts of the learning theories of Piaget and Ausubel. Although Piaget is credited for his contributions to educational psychology, the author supports Ausubel's theory of meaningful learning as more significant for future contributions in science and mathematics education. (CP)
Introductory discrete mathematics
Balakrishnan, V K
2010-01-01
This concise text offers an introduction to discrete mathematics for undergraduate students in computer science and mathematics. Mathematics educators consider it vital that their students be exposed to a course in discrete methods that introduces them to combinatorial mathematics and to algebraic and logical structures focusing on the interplay between computer science and mathematics. The present volume emphasizes combinatorics, graph theory with applications to some stand network optimization problems, and algorithms to solve these problems.Chapters 0-3 cover fundamental operations involv
Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Author Affiliations. Larisa Gromova1 Alexander Vasil'ev2. Department of Mathematics and Mechanics, Saratov State University, Saratov 410026, Russia; Departamento de Matemática, Universidad Técnica Federico Santa María, Casilla 110-V, Valparaíso, Chile ...
Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
The discreteness of isometry groups in complex hyperbolic space is a fundamental problem. In this paper, the discreteness criteria of a -dimensional subgroup of S U ( n , 1 ) are investigated by using a test map which may not be in . Author Affiliations. Huani Qin1 2 Yueping Jiang1. College of Applied Mathematics, ...
Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
For the structure of a sonic boom produced by a simple aerofoil at a large distance from its source we take a physical model which consists of a leading shock (LS), a trailing shock (TS) and a one-parameter family of nonlinear wavefronts in between the two shocks. Then we develop a mathematical model and show that ...
Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
The aim here is to continue the investigation in [1] of Jacobians of a Klein surface and also to correct an error in [1]. Author Affiliations. Pablo Arés-Gastesi1 Indranil Biswas1. School of Mathematics, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai 400 005, India. Dates. Manuscript received: 23 August 2005. Proceedings ...
Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
In this paper, we study the null controllability of the viscous Camassa–Holm equation on the one-dimensional torus. By using a moving distributed control, we obtain that the system is null controllable for a given data with certain regularity. Author Affiliations. Peng Gao1. School of Mathematics and Statistics, and Center for ...
Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Author Affiliations. Indranil Biswas1 N Raghavendra1 2. School of Mathematics, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Homi Bhabha Road, Mumbai 400 005, India; Advanced Technology Centre, Tata Consultancy Services, K.L.K. Estate, Fateh Maidan Road, Hyderabad 500 001, India ...
Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
We give a criterion for filtered vector bundles over curves to admit a filtration preserving meromorphic connection that induces a given meromorphic connection on the corresponding graded bundle. Author Affiliations. Indranil Biswas1 Viktoria Heu2. School of Mathematics, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Homi ...
Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
We classify principal -bundles on the projective line over an arbitrary field of characteristic ≠ 2 or 3, where is a reductive group. If such a bundle is trivial at a -rational point, then the structure group can be reduced to a maximal torus. Author Affiliations. V B Mehta1 S Subramanian1. School of Mathematics, Tata ...
Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Under additional hypotheses on we deduce the existence of solutions if is unbounded. Author Affiliations. Marius Ghergu1 Constantin Niculescu1 Vicenţiu Rădulescu1. Department of Mathematics, University of Craiova, 1100 Craiova, Romania. Dates. Manuscript received: 22 February 2002; Manuscript revised: 23 May ...
Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
This paper surveys the existing literature on homogeneous operators and their relationships with projective representations of P S L ( 2 , R ) and other Lie groups. It also includes a list of open problems in this area. Author Affiliations. Bhaskar Bagchi1 Gadadhar Misra1. Theoretical Statistics and Mathematics Division, Indian ...
Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
... consistent model for incompressible two-phase flows with phase transitions is considered mathematically. The model is based on first principles, i.e., balance of mass, momentum and energy. In the isothermal case, this problem is analysed to obtain local well-posedness, stability of non-degenerate equilibria, and global ...
Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
We find an explicit function approximating at high energies the kernel of the scattering matrix with arbitrary accuracy. Moreover, the same function gives all diagonal singularities of the kernel of the scattering matrix in the angular variables. Author Affiliations. D Yafaev1. Department of Mathematics, University Rennes-1, ...
Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
We consider a matrix operator = (-) + in , where ≥ 2, ≥ 1, 4 > + 1, and is the operator of multiplication by a periodic in matrix (). We study spectral ... Yu E Karpeshina1. Department of Mathematics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 452 Campbell Hall, Birmingham AL 35294-1170, USA ...
Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
In particular, algebras with orthogonal involution which split as a tensor product of quaternion algebras with involution are studied. ... of an arbitrary unstable wave must approach zero as the wave length decreases to zero, is established in a mathematically rigorous fashion for plane parallel heterogeneous shear flows with ...
Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Appl. 175 (1993) 458), to establish mathematically, the existence of hydrodynamic instability in single diffusive bottom heavy systems, when considered in the more general framework of the boundary conditions of the type specified by Beavers and Joseph (J. Fluid Mech. 30 (1967) 197), in the parameter regime T 0 2 > 1 ...
Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Howard's conjecture, which states that in the linear instability problem of inviscid heterogeneous parallel shear flow growth rate of an arbitrary unstable wave must approach zero as the wave length decreases to zero, is established in a mathematically rigorous fashion for plane parallel heterogeneous shear flows with ...
Raftery, C. L.; Davis, H. B.; Peticolas, L. M.; Paglierani, R.
2015-12-01
The Space Sciences Laboratory at UC Berkeley launched an NSF-funded Research Experience for Undergraduates (REU) program in the summer of 2015. The "Advancing Space Sciences through Undergraduate Research Experiences" (ASSURE) program recruited heavily from local community colleges and universities, and provided a multi-tiered mentorship program for students in the fields of space science and engineering. The program was focussed on providing a supportive environment for 2nd and 3rd year undergraduates, many of whom were first generation and underrepresented students. This model provides three levels of mentorship support for the participating interns: 1) the primary research advisor provides academic and professional support. 2) The program coordinator, who meets with the interns multiple times per week, provides personal support and helps the interns to assimilate into the highly competitive environment of the research laboratory. 3) Returning undergraduate interns provided peer support and guidance to the new cohort of students. The impacts of this program on the first generation students and the research mentors, as well as the lessons learned will be discussed.
McPherson, Ezella
2014-01-01
This research investigates how eight undergraduate African American women in science, math, and engineering (SME) majors accessed cultural capital and informal science learning opportunities from preschool to college. It uses the multiple case study methodological approach and cultural capital as frameworks to better understand the participants'…
Fox, Mary Frank; Sonnert, Gerhard; Nikiforova, Irina
2009-01-01
This article focuses upon programs for undergraduate women in science and engineering, which are a strategic research site in the study of gender, science, and higher education. The design involves both quantitative and qualitative approaches, linking theory, method, questions, and analyses in ways not undertaken previously. Using a comprehensive,…
A Portable Bioinformatics Course for Upper-Division Undergraduate Curriculum in Sciences
Floraino, Wely B.
2008-01-01
This article discusses the challenges that bioinformatics education is facing and describes a bioinformatics course that is successfully taught at the California State Polytechnic University, Pomona, to the fourth year undergraduate students in biological sciences, chemistry, and computer science. Information on lecture and computer practice…
Smolinski, Tomasz G.
2010-01-01
Computer literacy plays a critical role in today's life sciences research. Without the ability to use computers to efficiently manipulate and analyze large amounts of data resulting from biological experiments and simulations, many of the pressing questions in the life sciences could not be answered. Today's undergraduates, despite the ubiquity of…
Truth in Packaging: Teaching Controversial Topics to Undergraduates in the Human Sciences.
Fredericks, Marcel; Miller, Steven I.
1993-01-01
Argues that the behavioral or "human" sciences are fundamentally different in scope and intent from the natural sciences. Describes the use of controversial topics in undergraduate courses and provides a four-step process. Recommends using Karl Popper's falsification theory to help students think critically about issues. (CFR)
Teaching Scientists to Communicate: Evidence-Based Assessment for Undergraduate Science Education
Mercer-Mapstone, Lucy; Kuchel, Louise
2015-01-01
Communication skills are one of five nationally recognised learning outcomes for an Australian Bachelor of Science (BSc) degree. Previous evidence indicates that communication skills taught in Australian undergraduate science degrees are not developed sufficiently to meet the requirements of the modern-day workplace--a problem faced in the UK and…
Mercer-Mapstone, Lucy D.; Matthews, Kelly E.
2017-01-01
Higher education institutions globally are acknowledging the need to teach communication skills. This study used the Science Student Skills Inventory to gain insight into how science students perceive the development of communication skills across the degree programme. Responses were obtained from 635 undergraduate students enrolled in a Bachelor…
Vlietstra, Lucy S.; Mrakovcich, Karina L.; Futch, Victoria C.; Stutzman, Brooke S.
2016-01-01
To develop a context for program-level design decisions pertaining to anthropogenic climate change, the authors studied the prevalence of courses focused on human-induced climate change in undergraduate marine science and environmental science degree programs in the United States. Of the 86 institutions and 125 programs the authors examined, 37%…
Using Mobile Devices to Facilitate Student Questioning in a Large Undergraduate Science Class
Crompton, Helen; Burgin, Stephen R.; De Paor, Declan G.; Gregory, Kristen
2018-01-01
Asking scientific questions is the first practice of science and engineering listed in the Next Generation Science Standards. However, getting students to ask unsolicited questions in a large class can be difficult. In this qualitative study, undergraduate students sent SMS text messages to the instructor who received them on his mobile phone and…
Research in applied mathematics, numerical analysis, and computer science
1984-01-01
Research conducted at the Institute for Computer Applications in Science and Engineering (ICASE) in applied mathematics, numerical analysis, and computer science is summarized and abstracts of published reports are presented. The major categories of the ICASE research program are: (1) numerical methods, with particular emphasis on the development and analysis of basic numerical algorithms; (2) control and parameter identification; (3) computational problems in engineering and the physical sciences, particularly fluid dynamics, acoustics, and structural analysis; and (4) computer systems and software, especially vector and parallel computers.
Integrating Mathematics, Science, and Language Arts Instruction Using the World Wide Web.
Clark, Kenneth; Hosticka, Alice; Kent, Judi; Browne, Ron
1998-01-01
Addresses issues of access to World Wide Web sites, mathematics and science content-resources available on the Web, and methods for integrating mathematics, science, and language arts instruction. (Author/ASK)
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Lauritzen, Niels
-Motzkin elimination, the theory is developed by introducing polyhedra, the double description method and the simplex algorithm, closed convex subsets, convex functions of one and several variables ending with a chapter on convex optimization with the Karush-Kuhn-Tucker conditions, duality and an interior point......Based on undergraduate teaching to students in computer science, economics and mathematics at Aarhus University, this is an elementary introduction to convex sets and convex functions with emphasis on concrete computations and examples. Starting from linear inequalities and Fourier...
Luther, Kenneth H.
2012-01-01
Mathematical modeling of groundwater flow is a topic at the intersection of mathematics and geohydrology and is rarely encountered in undergraduate mathematics. However, this subject is full of interesting and meaningful examples of truly "applied" mathematics accessible to undergraduates, from the pre-calculus to advanced mathematics levels. This…
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Anna Goldina
2013-12-01
Full Text Available To help bridge the increasing gap between scientists and the public, we developed an innovative two-semester course, called Science Café. In this course undergraduate biology majors learn to develop communication skills to be better able to explain science concepts and current developments in science to non-scientists. Students develop and host outreach events on various topics relevant to the community, thereby increasing interactions between budding scientists and the public. Such a Science Cafe course emphasizes development of science communication skills early, at the undergraduate level and empowers students to use their science knowledge in every day interactions with the public to increase science literacy, get involved in the local community and engage the public in a dialogue on various pressing science issues. We believe that undergraduate science majors can be great ambassadors for science and are often overlooked since many aspire to go on to medical/veterinary/pharmacy schools. However, science communication skills are especially important for these types of students because when they become healthcare professionals, they will interact with the public as part of their everyday jobs and can thus be great representatives for the field.
Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Fellowship · Fellows · Women Fellows · Deceased Fellows · Deceased women Fellows · Honorary Fellows · Deceased Honorary Fellows · Repository of Publications of Fellows · Oral History Archives · Associateship · Journals · Overview · Bulletin of Materials Science · DIALOGUE: Science, Scientists, and Society · Indian ...
Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Instituto de Matemática e Estatística, Universidade de São Paulo (IME-USP), Caixa Postal 66281, São Paulo, CEP 05315-970, Brasil; Centre for Advanced Study in Mathematics, Panjab University, Chandigarh 160 014, India; Escola de Artes, Ciências e Humanidades, Universidade de São Paulo (EACH-USP), Rua Arlindo ...
Weiss, Iris R.
The NCTM Standards call for the introduction of challenging mathematics content for all students beginning in the early grades. If teachers are to guide students in their exploration of mathematics concepts, they must themselves have a firm grasp of powerful mathematics concepts. This paper uses data from the 1993 National Survey of Science and…
Schulz, Phyllis
Women remain underrepresented in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) at all levels of higher education, which has become a concern in the competitive global marketplace. Using both quantitative and qualitative analysis, this dissertation sought to learn more about how the campus climate and self-concept influence the degree aspirations of female undergraduate students majoring in STEM programs. Using the Beginning Post-Secondary dataset, regression analyses showed that a student's initial degree aspirations, SAT scores, and interactions with faculty were all positively related to their degree aspirations three years later. Interviews with seven current STEM undergraduates confirmed the importance of interaction with faculty and suggested undergraduate research and classroom experiences also play a role in the degree aspirations of STEM students. Three of the seven students interviewed began their undergraduate educations as non-STEM majors, suggesting that the traditional STEM pipeline may no longer be the norm. These findings suggest that both future research and current practitioners should focus on undergraduate STEM classroom and research experiences. Additionally, the characteristics of students who switch into STEM majors should be explored so that we may continue to expand the number of students pursuing STEM degrees.
A Computer Security Course in the Undergraduate Computer Science Curriculum.
Spillman, Richard
1992-01-01
Discusses the importance of computer security and considers criminal, national security, and personal privacy threats posed by security breakdown. Several examples are given, including incidents involving computer viruses. Objectives, content, instructional strategies, resources, and a sample examination for an experimental undergraduate computer…
The Impact of Hands-On-Approach on Student Academic Performance in Basic Science and Mathematics
Ekwueme, Cecilia O.; Ekon, Esther E.; Ezenwa-Nebife, Dorothy C.
2015-01-01
Children can learn mathematics and sciences effectively even before being exposed to formal school curriculum if basic Mathematics and Sciences concepts are communicated to them early using activity oriented (Hands-on) method of teaching. Mathematics and Science are practical and activity oriented and can best be learnt through inquiry (Okebukola…
Texas Academy of Mathematics and Science: 25 Years of Early College STEM Opportunities
Sayler, Michael F.
2015-01-01
The University of North Texas's Texas Academy of Mathematics and Science began admitting students to its 2-year early college entrance science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) program in the fall of 1988. This program provided accelerated entry for top students in Texas in the areas of mathematics and science. Approximately 200…
2012-11-26
...; Comment Request; Mathematics and Science Partnerships Program: Annual Performance Report AGENCY: Office of... notice will be considered public records. Title of Collection: Mathematics and Science Partnerships... Mathematics and Science Partnerships (MSP) program is a formula grant program to the States in which states...
Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
In this paper, we provide combinatorial meanings to two generalized basic series ... These results are an extension of the work of Goyal and Agarwal (Utilitas Math. ... of Basic and Applied Sciences, University College of Engineering, Punjabi ...
Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Exponential function method; nonlinear ordinary differential equations; viscous flow; ... The method is applied to two problems: viscous flow due to a stretching sheet ... School of Computing Sciences and Engineering, The University of Salford, ...
Aikens, Melissa L; Sadselia, Sona; Watkins, Keiana; Evans, Mara; Eby, Lillian T; Dolan, Erin L
2016-01-01
Undergraduate researchers at research universities are often mentored by graduate students or postdoctoral researchers (referred to collectively as "postgraduates") and faculty, creating a mentoring triad structure. Triads differ based on whether the undergraduate, postgraduate, and faculty member interact with one another about the undergraduate's research. Using a social capital theory framework, we hypothesized that different triad structures provide undergraduates with varying resources (e.g., information, advice, psychosocial support) from the postgraduates and/or faculty, which would affect the undergraduates' research outcomes. To test this, we collected data from a national sample of undergraduate life science researchers about their mentoring triad structure and a range of outcomes associated with research experiences, such as perceived gains in their abilities to think and work like scientists, science identity, and intentions to enroll in a PhD program. Undergraduates mentored by postgraduates alone reported positive outcomes, indicating that postgraduates can be effective mentors. However, undergraduates who interacted directly with faculty realized greater outcomes, suggesting that faculty interaction is important for undergraduates to realize the full benefits of research. The "closed triad," in which undergraduates, postgraduates, and faculty all interact directly, appeared to be uniquely beneficial; these undergraduates reported the highest gains in thinking and working like a scientist. © 2016 M. L. Aikens et al. CBE—Life Sciences Education © 2016 The American Society for Cell Biology. This article is distributed by The American Society for Cell Biology under license from the author(s). It is available to the public under an Attribution–Noncommercial–Share Alike 3.0 Unported Creative Commons License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0).
SOME ASPECTS OF USING MATHEMATICS IN MEDICAL SCIENCES
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Ivana Ilic
2008-01-01
Full Text Available The aim of the paper was to present some new possibilities of using mathematicsin medical sciences and medical practice. The so-called mathematical way of thinkingis presented, which is, basically, the starting point of usual way of thinking, and alsothe essence of scientific and technological literacy, necessary for the development oftheoretical and practical modern medicine. The aim of the paper was to show that it isreasonable to choose certain mathematical points of view, present them to thestudents of medicine, and thus, help them to use that knowledge in their futurestudies in order to be more successful in their professions. Modern mathematical andstatistical methods are important in professional and scientific work in clinical andlaboratory environment.
Deacon, Christopher; Hajek, Allyson; Schulz, Henry
2017-11-01
Many post-secondary institutions provide training and resources to help GTAs fulfil their teaching roles. However, few programmes focus specifically on the teaching competencies required by GTAs who work with undergraduate students in laboratory settings where learning tends to be more active and inquiry based than in classroom settings. From a review of 8 GTA manuals, we identified 20 competencies and then surveyed faculty and lab coordinators (FIS) and GTAs from a Faculty of Science at a comprehensive Canadian university to identify which of those competencies are required of GTAs who work in undergraduate science labs. GTAs and FIS did not significantly differ in the competencies they view as required for GTAs to work effectively in undergraduate labs. But, when comparing the responses of GTAs and FIS to TA manuals, 'Clearly and effectively communicates ideas and information with students' was the only competency for which there was agreement on the level of requirement. We also examined GTAs' self-efficacy for each of the identified competencies and found no overall relationship between self-efficacy and demographic characteristics, including experience and training. Our results can be used to inform the design of training programmes specifically for GTAs who work in undergraduate science labs, for example, programmes should provide strategies for GTAs to obtain feedback which they can use to enhance their teaching skills. The goal of this study is to improve undergraduate lab instruction in faculties of science and to enhance the teaching experience of GTAs by better preparing them for their role.
Tsutsumi, Akizumi
2015-01-01
Behavioral science and behavioral medicine have not been systematically taught to Japanese undergraduate medical students. A working group under the auspices of Japanese Society of Behavioral Medicine developed an outcome-oriented curriculum of behavioral science/behavioral medicine through three processes: identifying the curriculum contents, holding a joint symposium with related societies, and defining outcomes and proposing a learning module. The behavioral science/behavioral medicine cor...
Mathematical and Statistical Methods for Actuarial Sciences and Finance
Legros, Florence; Perna, Cira; Sibillo, Marilena
2017-01-01
This volume gathers selected peer-reviewed papers presented at the international conference "MAF 2016 – Mathematical and Statistical Methods for Actuarial Sciences and Finance”, held in Paris (France) at the Université Paris-Dauphine from March 30 to April 1, 2016. The contributions highlight new ideas on mathematical and statistical methods in actuarial sciences and finance. The cooperation between mathematicians and statisticians working in insurance and finance is a very fruitful field, one that yields unique theoretical models and practical applications, as well as new insights in the discussion of problems of national and international interest. This volume is addressed to academicians, researchers, Ph.D. students and professionals.
Welch, C.; Osborne, B.
The UK national STEM Ambassadors programme provides inspiring role models for school students in science, technology, engineering, mathematics (STEM) subjects. STEMNET, the national body responsible for STEM Ambassa- dors aims to provide more than 27,000 STEM Ambassadors nationwide by the end of 2011. This paper reports on a project at Kingston University to embed STEM Ambassador training and activity in Year 2 of the undergraduate Aerospace Engineering, Astronautics and Space Technology degree. The project, known as KUSPACE (Kingston University Students Providing Amazing Classroom Experiences), was conceived to develop students' communication, planning and presentation skills and build links between different cohort years, while providing a valuable contribution to local primary schools' STEM programmes and simultaneously raising the public engagement profile of the university. This paper describes the pedagogical conception of the KUSPACE, its implementation in the curriculum, the delivery of it in the university and schools and its effect on the undergraduate students, as well as identifying good practice and drawing attention to lessons learned.STEMNET (www.stemnet.org) is the UK's Science, Technol- ogy, Engineering and Mathematics Network. Working with a broad range of UK partners and funded by the UK govern- ment's Department for Business Innovation and Skills, STEMNET plays a significant role in ensuring that five to nineteen year olds and their teachers can experience a wide range of activities and schemes which enhance and enrich the school curriculum [1]. Covering all aspects of Science, Tech- nology, Engineering and Maths (STEM), these activities and schemes are designed both to increase STEM awareness and literacy in the young people and also to encourage more of them to undertake post-16 STEM qualifications and associated careers [2]. STEMNET operates through forty-five local con- tract holders around the UK which help the network deliver its
Dubetz, Terry A.; Wilson, Jo Ann
2013-01-01
Girls in Engineering, Mathematics and Science (GEMS) is a science and math outreach program for middle-school female students. The program was developed to encourage interest in math and science in female students at an early age. Increased scientific familiarity may encourage girls to consider careers in science and mathematics and will also help…
Marinez, Diana I.; Ortiz de Montellano, Bernardo R.
There are many ways in which science can be made culturally relevant: archeoastronomy, mathematics, geology, ethnobotany, chemistry, and art can all be taught from a perspective celebrating the accomplishments of Mexican American and American Indian science and encouraging exploration. A culturally relevant curriculum provides teachers with…
Hope, W. W.; Johnson, L. P.; Obl, W.; Stewart, A.; Harris, W. C.; Craig, R. D.
2000-01-01
Faculty in the Department of Physical, Environmental and Computer Sciences strongly believe in the concept that undergraduate research and research-related activities must be integrated into the fabric of our undergraduate Science and Technology curricula. High level skills, such as problem solving, reasoning, collaboration and the ability to engage in research, are learned for advanced study in graduate school or for competing for well paying positions in the scientific community. One goal of our academic programs is to have a pipeline of research activities from high school to four year college, to graduate school, based on the GISS Institute on Climate and Planets model.
STEM Education and Leadership: A Mathematics and Science Partnership Approach
Twyford, John; Järvinen, Esa-Matti
2010-01-01
The issue of attracting more young people to choose careers in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) has become critical for the United States. Recent studies by businesses, associations, and education have all agreed that the United States’ performance in the STEM disciplines have placed our nation in grave risk of relinquishing its competitive edge in the marketplace (e.g., Rising above the gathering storm, 2007). A Congressional Research Service (2006) report stated that...
Caudill, Lester; Hill, April; Hoke, Kathy; Lipan, Ovidiu
2010-01-01
Funded by innovative programs at the National Science Foundation and the Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of Richmond faculty in biology, chemistry, mathematics, physics, and computer science teamed up to offer first- and second-year students the opportunity to contribute to vibrant, interdisciplinary research projects. The result was…
Buxner, S.; Perera, V.; Mead, C.; Horodyskyj, L.; Semken, S. C.; Lopatto, D.; Anbar, A. D.
2016-12-01
General-education Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) courses are considered essential to a college education, in part, to train students to think critically and to make informed decisions about complex scientific issues such as climate change and public health. Therefore, the goals of these STEM courses go beyond content knowledge to include generating positive attitudes towards science, developing competence in evaluating scientific information in everyday life, and understanding the nature of science. The Classroom Undergraduate Research Experience (CURE) survey is frequently used to measure these attitudes, but it has not previously been used in an online, general education course. In this work, we administered the CURE survey for three semesters (N = 774) before and after completion of an online astrobiology course called Habitable Worlds. We compare students taking this course as part of fully-online degree programs (o-course) with those taking it as part of traditional undergraduate programs (i-course). More females and older students were among the o-course group, while overall the course had more white students than the Arizona State University average. Mean course grades were similar between the two groups but attitudes toward science differred significantly. O-course students began the course with more positive attitudes than i-course students, and o-course students also showed more positive changes at the end of the course. These differences suggest lesser intrinsic motivation among the i-course students. Additionally, pre-course attitudes correlated with final course grade for o-course students, but not for i-course students, which implies that success among o-course students is influenced by different factors than i-course students. Thus, effective student support strategies may differ for online-only students. Future work will include student interviews to better calibrate the CURE survey to online science courses.
Awofala, Adeneye O. A.; Odogwu, Helen N.
2017-01-01
The study investigated mathematics cognitive failures as related to mathematics anxiety, gender and performance in calculus among 450 preservice teachers from four public universities in the South West geo-political zone of Nigeria using the quantitative research method within the blueprint of the descriptive survey design. Data collected were…
Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
In this paper, we prove an interesting reciprocity formula for a certain case of a general Dedekind sums using analytic methods and the Fourier expansion of the Bernoulli polynomials. Author Affiliations. Yuan Yi1. Research Center for Basic Science, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710049, People's Republic of ...
Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
All correspondence regarding subscription within India should be addressed to: The Circulation Department Indian Academy of Sciences, C V Raman Avenue, Bengaluru 560 080, India. Download the Order Form (2018): Institution and Personal. Please Note: Starting 2007, all International Subscriptions are handled by ...
Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Using Ramanujan's identities and the Weierstrass--Enneper representation of minimal surfaces, and the analogue for Born--Infeld solitons, we derive further nontrivial identities. Author Affiliations. RUKMINI DEY1. International Centre for Theoretical Sciences (ICTS)-TIFR, Survey No. 151, Shivakote, Hesaraghatta ...
Kimchi: Spicy Science for the Undergraduate Microbiology Laboratory ?
Young, Virginia A.; Kiefer, Adam M.
2014-01-01
Undergraduate microbiology courses offer a perfect opportunity to introduce students to historical food preservation processes that are still in use today. The fermentation of vegetables, as occurs in the preparation of sauerkraut and kimchi, uses an enrichment step to select for the growth of naturally occurring lactic acid bacteria (LAB). This is an active learning exercise in which students learn a food preparation skill and basic microbiological terms such as selection and enrichment. W...
Hiriart-Urruty, Jean-Baptiste
This book contains a collection of exercises (called “tapas”) at undergraduate level, mainly from the fields of real analysis, calculus, matrices, convexity, and optimization. Most of the problems presented here are non-standard and some require broad knowledge of different mathematical subjects in order to be solved. The author provides some hints and (partial) answers and also puts these carefully chosen exercises into context, presents information on their origins, and comments on possible extensions. With stars marking the levels of difficulty, these tapas show or prove something interesting, challenge the reader to solve and learn, and may have surprising results. This first volume of Mathematical Tapas will appeal to mathematicians, motivated undergraduate students from science-based areas, and those generally interested in mathematics.
Owolabi, Sola; Idowu, Oluwafemi A.; Okocha, Foluke; Ogundare, Atinuke Omotayo
2016-01-01
The study evaluated utilization of electronic information resources by undergraduates in the Faculties of Education and the Social Sciences in University of Ibadan. The study adopted a descriptive survey design with a study population of 1872 undergraduates in the Faculties of Education and the Social Sciences in University of Ibadan, from which a…
Bourne, Victoria J.
2014-01-01
Research methods and statistical analysis is typically the least liked and most anxiety provoking aspect of a psychology undergraduate degree, in large part due to the mathematical component of the content. In this first cycle of a piece of action research, students' mathematical ability is examined in relation to their performance across…
Enhancing Science and Mathematics Education for Child Care Providers and Preschool Teachers.
White, Jennifer Meux; Hosoume, Kimi
The Lawrence Hall of Science (LHS), University of California at Berkeley has completed a 3-year project to develop a science and mathematics education course and science curriculum for early childhood educators. This project was in response to the need for improving the science and mathematics knowledge and teaching skills of adults who work with…
Flynn, Natalie P.
This study developed a survey from the existing literature in an attempt to illuminate the processes, tools, insights, and events that allow university science and mathematics content experts (Ph.D.'s) unpack their expertise in order to teach develop and teach undergraduate students. A pilot study was conducted at an urban university in order to refine the survey. The study consisted of 72 science or mathematics Ph.D. faculty members that teach at a research-based urban university. Follow-up interviews were conducted with 21 volunteer faculty to further explore their methods and tools for developing and implementing teaching within their discipline. Statistical analysis of the data revealed: faculty that taught while obtaining their Ph.D. were less confident in their ability to teach successful and faculty that received training in teaching believed that students have difficult to change misconceptions and do not commit enough time to their course. Student centered textbooks ranked the highest among tools used to gain teaching strategies followed by grading of exams and assignments for gaining insights into student knowledge and difficulties. Science and mathematics education literature and university provided education session ranked the lowest in rating scale for providing strategies for teaching. The open-ended survey questions were sub-divided and analyzed by the number of years of experience to identify the development of teaching knowledge over time and revealed that teaching became more interactive, less lecture based, and more engaging. As faculty matured and gained experience they became more aware of student misconceptions and difficulties often changing their teaching to eliminate such issues. As confidence levels increase their teaching included more technology-based tools, became more interactive, incorporated problem based activities, and became more flexible. This change occurred when and if faculty members altered their thinking about their
Can a Tablet Device Alter Undergraduate Science Students' Study Behavior and Use of Technology?
Morris, Neil P.; Ramsay, Luke; Chauhan, Vikesh
2012-01-01
This article reports findings from a study investigating undergraduate biological sciences students' use of technology and computer devices for learning and the effect of providing students with a tablet device. A controlled study was conducted to collect quantitative and qualitative data on the impact of a tablet device on students' use of…
Lessons Learned from Undergraduate Students in Designing a Science-Based Course in Bioethics
Loike, John D.; Rush, Brittany S.; Schweber, Adam; Fischbach, Ruth L.
2013-01-01
Columbia University offers two innovative undergraduate science-based bioethics courses for student majoring in biosciences and pre-health studies. The goals of these courses are to introduce future scientists and healthcare professionals to the ethical questions they will confront in their professional lives, thus enabling them to strategically…
Connecting Self-Efficacy and Views about the Nature of Science in Undergraduate Research Experiences
Quan, Gina M.; Elby, Andrew
2016-01-01
Undergraduate research can support students' more central participation in physics. We analyze markers of two coupled shifts in participation: changes in students' views about the nature of science coupled to shifts in self-efficacy toward physics research. Students in the study worked with faculty and graduate student mentors on research projects…
Palocsay, Susan W.; Markham, Ina S.
2014-01-01
In 2003, accreditation standards were revised to require coverage of management science (MS) after previously removing it in 1991. Meanwhile, increasing awareness of the value of business analytics stimulated a renewed interest in MS. To examine its present status in undergraduate core business curricula, the authors conducted two studies to…
Schnoebelen, Carly; Towns, Marcy H.; Chmielewski, Jean; Hrycyna, Christine A.
2018-01-01
The chemistry curriculum for undergraduate life science majors at Purdue University has been transformed to better meet the needs of this student population and prepare them for future success. The curriculum, called the 1-2-1 curriculum, includes four consecutive and integrated semesters of instruction in general chemistry, organic chemistry, and…
Hendley, Michelle
2012-01-01
The goal of this analysis was to obtain local citation behavior data on undergraduates researching history, political science, and sociology papers. The study found that students cited books and journals even with the availability of web sources; however, usage varied by subject. References to specific websites' domains also varied across subject…
Sales, Jessica; Comeau, Dawn; Liddle, Kathleen; Khanna, Nikki; Perrone, Lisa; Palmer, Katrina; Lynn, David
2006-01-01
A new program, On Recent Discoveries by Emory Researchers (ORDER), has been developed as a bridge across the ever-widening gap between graduate and undergraduate education in the sciences. This bridge is created by merging the needs of graduate/postdoctoral students to educate more interdisciplinary scholars about their research discoveries with…
Green Chemistry and Sustainability: An Undergraduate Course for Science and Nonscience Majors
Gross, Erin M.
2013-01-01
An undergraduate lecture course in Green Chemistry and Sustainability has been developed and taught to a "multidisciplinary" group of science and nonscience majors. The course introduced students to the topics of green chemistry and sustainability and also immersed them in usage of the scientific literature. Through literature…
Markle, Gail
2017-01-01
Undergraduate social science research methods courses tend to have higher than average rates of failure and withdrawal. Lack of success in these courses impedes students' progression through their degree programs and negatively impacts institutional retention and graduation rates. Grounded in adult learning theory, this mixed methods study…
Broadening the voice of science: Promoting scientific communication in the undergraduate classroom.
Cirino, Lauren A; Emberts, Zachary; Joseph, Paul N; Allen, Pablo E; Lopatto, David; Miller, Christine W
2017-12-01
Effective and accurate communication of scientific findings is essential. Unfortunately, scientists are not always well trained in how to best communicate their results with other scientists nor do all appreciate the importance of speaking with the public. Here, we provide an example of how the development of oral communication skills can be integrated with research experiences at the undergraduate level. We describe our experiences developing, running, and evaluating a course for undergraduates that complemented their existing undergraduate research experiences with instruction on the nature of science and intensive training on the development of science communication skills. Students delivered science talks, research monologues, and poster presentations about the ecological and evolutionary research in which they were involved. We evaluated the effectiveness of our approach using the CURE survey and a focus group. As expected, undergraduates reported strong benefits to communication skills and confidence. We provide guidance for college researchers, instructors, and administrators interested in motivating and equipping the next generation of scientists to be excellent science communicators.
Cogdell, Barbara; Torsney, Ben; Stewart, Katherine; Smith, Robert A.
2012-01-01
In order to promote more active engagement of science undergraduates in histology practical classes some technology-based innovations were introduced. First, an interactive pre-lab tutorial was set up using an electronic handset voting system, where guidance on tissue analysis was given. Second, a web-based resource where students could access…
Experiencing Wireless Sensor Network Concepts in an Undergraduate Computer Science Curriculum
Zwartjes, G.J.; van de Voort, M.; Dil, B.J.; Havinga, Paul J.M.
2009-01-01
Incorporating Embedded Systems courses in a general and broad Computer Science undergraduate curriculum can be a challenging task. The lack of experience with relevant tools and programming languages tends to limit the amount material that can be included in courses on this area. This, combined with
Cambridge Conference on School Mathematics, Newton, MA.
This is The Report of the 1967 Cambridge Conference on the Correlation of Science and Mathematics in the Schools. It is addressed to professionals in education, and is designed to stimulate dialogue among them concerning the mathematics-science curriculum. The report is organized in five chapters, each dealing respectively with (1) educational…
Rodenbusch, Stacia E.; Hernandez, Paul R.; Simmons, Sarah L.; Dolan, Erin L.
2016-01-01
National efforts to transform undergraduate biology education call for research experiences to be an integral component of learning for all students. Course-based undergraduate research experiences, or CUREs, have been championed for engaging students in research at a scale that is not possible through apprenticeships in faculty research laboratories. Yet there are few if any studies that examine the long-term effects of participating in CUREs on desired student outcomes, such as graduating from college and completing a science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) major. One CURE program, the Freshman Research Initiative (FRI), has engaged thousands of first-year undergraduates over the past decade. Using propensity score–matching to control for student-level differences, we tested the effect of participating in FRI on students’ probability of graduating with a STEM degree, probability of graduating within 6 yr, and grade point average (GPA) at graduation. Students who completed all three semesters of FRI were significantly more likely than their non-FRI peers to earn a STEM degree and graduate within 6 yr. FRI had no significant effect on students’ GPAs at graduation. The effects were similar for diverse students. These results provide the most robust and best-controlled evidence to date to support calls for early involvement of undergraduates in research. PMID:27252296
Logical studies of paraconsistent reasoning in science and mathematics
Verdée, Peter
2016-01-01
This book covers work written by leading scholars from different schools within the research area of paraconsistency. The authors critically investigate how contemporary paraconsistent logics can be used to better understand human reasoning in science and mathematics. Offering a variety of perspectives, they shed a new light on the question of whether paraconsistent logics can function as the underlying logics of inconsistent but useful scientific and mathematical theories. The great variety of paraconsistent logics gives rise to various, interrelated questions, such as what are the desiderata a paraconsistent logic should satisfy, is there prospect of a universal approach to paraconsistent reasoning with axiomatic theories, and to what extent is reasoning about sets structurally analogous to reasoning about truth. Furthermore, the authors consider paraconsistent logic’s status as either a normative or descriptive discipline (or one which falls in between) and which inconsistent but non-trivial axiomatic th...
Mathematics for Physicists and Engineers.
Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris (France).
The text is a report of the OEEC Seminar on "The Mathematical Knowledge Required by the Physicist and Engineer" held in Paris, 1961. There are twelve major papers presented: (1) An American Parallel (describes the work of the Panel on Physical Sciences and Engineering of the Committee on the Undergraduate Program in Mathematics of the Mathematical…
Ei, Shin-ichiro; Koiso, Miyuki; Ochiai, Hiroyuki; Okada, Kanzo; Saito, Shingo; Shirai, Tomoyuki
2014-01-01
This book deals with one of the most novel advances in mathematical modeling for applied scientific technology, including computer graphics, public-key encryption, data visualization, statistical data analysis, symbolic calculation, encryption, error correcting codes, and risk management. It also shows that mathematics can be used to solve problems from nature, e.g., slime mold algorithms. One of the unique features of this book is that it shows readers how to use pure and applied mathematics, especially those mathematical theory/techniques developed in the twentieth century, and developing now, to solve applied problems in several fields of industry. Each chapter includes clues on how to use "mathematics" to solve concrete problems faced in industry as well as practical applications. The target audience is not limited to researchers working in applied mathematics and includes those in engineering, material sciences, economics, and life sciences.
A Guide to Undergraduate Science Course and Laboratory Improvements.
Straumanis, Joan, Ed.; Watson, Robert F., Ed.
Reported are activities carried out at colleges and universities during 1976-1980 with support from the National Science Foundation's Local Course Improvement (LOCI) and Instructional Scientific Equipment Program (ISEP). It is intended as a reference for persons interested in current course and laboratory developments in the sciences at the…