WorldWideScience

Sample records for twenty-four biographical sketches

  1. 29 CFR 1404.16 - Reports and biographical sketches.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... SERVICES Procedures for Arbitration Services § 1404.16 Reports and biographical sketches. (a) Arbitrators... biographical sketches for each arbitrator on the Roster from information supplied by the arbitrator...

  2. ["The incomparable Doctor Arthur Ludwig". A biographical sketch].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Von Minden, Stephan

    2016-01-01

    In two separate papers, two participants of the Weimar congress are identified on the famous congress photo for the first time. --Stephan von Minden provides a pioneering biographical sketch of the Munich neurologist A. Ludwig. Co-founder of the Munich IPA branch in 1911, and friend of the poet Else Lasker-Schüler and the educational reformer Paul Geheeb, Ludwig played a certain role in cultural history as a member of the "Munich bohemian scene" and head of a "medical family resort". --Reinhard Lampe highlights the life and work of psychiatrist E. Rehm, also a founding member of the Munich IPA branch. He directed a private sanatorium and exerted a considerable influence on medical politics in Munich for many years. An ardent National Socialist, Rehm sold his sanatorium to the Nazis in 1941.

  3. Biographical Sketches from Interviews Conducted by Lourdes Ruiz, Teacher, Dulce Elementary School.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pono, Filomena P., Comp.

    Eight biographical sketches of some Jicarilla Apache and Spanish American people who live and work in Dulce, New Mexico are given. These sketches contain brief descriptions of the lives of Jose Gabriel Abeyta, Cevero Caramillo, Chon LaBrier, Espeedie Garcia Ruiz, Raleigh Tafoya, Norman Tecube, Hubert Velarde, and Henry "Buster" L. Vicenti. At the…

  4. In quest of perfection in electron optics: A biographical sketch of Harald Rose on the occasion of his 80th birthday

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Urban, Knut W., E-mail: k.urban@fz-juelich.de

    2015-04-15

    This brief biographical sketch of Harald Rose on occasion of his 80th birthday describes some of the key events in an extraordinarily successful scientific life. Many of the theoretical concepts developed by him over the last 50 years have been fundamental for electron optics. Indeed, some of them have changed the whole complexion of this field and are fundamental to modern electron microscopy, both in TEM and in STEM mode. With this dedicated issue of Ultramicroscopy, the members of the electron microscopy community would like to thank Harald Rose for dedicating his professional life to their field and thereby enriching the life of those active in it. - Highlights: • A short biography of the professional life of Harald Rose is given. • We give a guide to some of Harald Rose's most important papers. • The impact of Harald Rose's work in the field of electron optics is described. • An introduction to a Special Issue of Ultramicroscopy dedicated to Harald Rose is given.

  5. Biographical encyclopedia of astronomers

    CERN Document Server

    Trimble, Virginia; Williams, Thomas; Bracher, Katherine; Jarrell, Richard; Marché, Jordan; Palmeri, JoAnn; Green, Daniel

    2014-01-01

    The Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers is a unique and valuable resource for historians and astronomers alike. It includes approx. 1850 biographical sketches on astronomers from antiquity to modern times. It is the collective work of 430 authors edited by an editorial board of 8 historians and astronomers. This reference provides biographical information on astronomers and cosmologists by utilizing contemporary historical scholarship. The fully corrected and updated second edition adds approximately 300 biographical sketches. Based on ongoing research and feedback from the community, the new entries will fill gaps and provide expansions. In addition, greater emphasis on Russo phone astronomers and radio astronomers is given. Individual entries vary from 100 to 1500 words, including the likes of the super luminaries such as Newton and Einstein, as well as lesser-known astronomers like Galileo's acolyte, Mario Guiducci.

  6. 格理论指导下的《项羽本纪》兼语式%Analysis on Pivotal Structure in Biographic Sketches of Emperor Xiang Yu under the Guidance of Case Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马王储; 王显志

    2015-01-01

    兼语式是汉语特有的一种结构形式,《项羽本纪》采用大量兼语式式,其文学语言具有很高的艺术价值和研究价值。乔姆斯基提出的普遍语法格理论为兼语式名称、范围、存废问题的研究提供了理论依据。%Pivotal structure is a special kind of sentence structure in Chinese language ,it adapted many piv‐otal sentence structure in Biographic Sketches of Emperor Xiang Yu ,which is of high aesthetic and re‐search value .The Case theory provides theoretical basis for the discussion of pivotal structure .

  7. Nobel Prize Literature; A Selection of the Works of Forty-Four Nobel Prize Winning Authors in the Library of Dutchess Community College, with Biographical and Critical Sketches.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hubbard, Terry E., Comp.

    This bibliography is a compilation of works by 44 Nobel Prize winning authors presently available at the Dutchess Community College library. Each entry describes the piece of literature for which the author received an award, provides a brief sketch of the writer, includes a commentary on the themes of major works, and lists the writer's works. An…

  8. 《史记·五帝本纪》的美学价值初探%On the Aesthetic Value of"Records of the Grand Historian o Biographic Sketches of Five Emperors"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡铂

    2016-01-01

    In Chinese history,"Records of the Grand Historian"is a very important part of the history of literature.It establi-shes a basic paradigm for the country's historical narrative,but also for the study of history,it provides the valuable informa-tion.As the first part of it,"Biographic Sketches of Five Emperors"has a more important meaning and value.However,due to the content of the records,it belongs to the distant ancient civilizations with the lack of adequate research literature for each other.Therefore,they are often ignored by many scholars.From the four perspectives of word beauty,myth beauty,history beauty and culture beauty,this paper makes text analysis on the"Records of the Grand Historian o Biographic Sketches of Five Emperors",and aims to exploit their intrinsic aesthetic value in order to better inherit and carry forward the traditional Chinese spirit and culture,the cultural renaissance of the Chinese nation.%在中国历史上,《史记》是非常重要的一部历史文献.它为我国的史学叙述方式建立了一个基本范式,也为我国的史学研究提供了宝贵的资料.其中的《五帝本纪》部分作为开卷之首,有着更为重要的意义和价值.但是由于所记载的内容属于遥远的上古文明时期,缺乏足够的文献互相考证故而往往被很多学者忽略.本文将从文字美、神话美、历史美和文化美四个角度对《史记·五帝本纪》进行文本分析,旨在挖掘其内在的美学价值,以便更好地继承和发扬中华民族传统精神和文化,实现中华民族的文化复兴.

  9. Biographical Wardrobes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skjold, Else

    2016-01-01

    are intertwined with time, space and objects. This paper represents a view on dress practice building on this view, with a particular focus on the issue of temporality. Based on her concept “the biographical wardrobe,” the author points to alternative understandings of dress practice that highlight how continuity...

  10. Sketching War

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Engberg-Pedersen, Anders

    2014-01-01

    During the Napoleonic Wars the military croquis, or sketch map, played an important role in the spatial management of the various campaigns. Presumably, many of these sketch maps were destroyed or discarded after their immediate use. Those that survive have received little scholarly notice...

  11. Obituaries and biographical notes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    NN,

    1975-01-01

    A fine collection of portraits of botanists, each with a brief text giving the most important biographical details, is now being published in Taxon to fill the even-numbered pages. These have not been mentioned here. Since recently a Biographical Section has been added to the Rijksherbarium Library,

  12. Twenty-four-hour blood pressure among Greenlanders and Danes: relationship to diet and lifestyle

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Marit Eika; Pedersen, M.B.; Siggaard, Cecilie

    2002-01-01

    the influence of Arctic food and lifestyle on blood pressure. Four groups of healthy subjects were recruited for the study. Group I: Danes in Denmark consuming European food; group II: Greenlanders in Denmark consuming European food; group III: Greenlanders in Greenland consuming mainly European food; and group......, outdoor temperature, and lifestyle factors. Greenlanders have a lower 24-h diastolic blood pressure than Danes, and it is suggested that genetic factors are mainly responsible for the lower blood pressure level among Greenlanders. Twenty-four-hour blood pressure among Greenlanders and Danes: Relationship...... to diet and lifestyle - ResearchGate. Available from: http://www.researchgate.net/publication/11001663_Twenty-four-hour_blood_pressure_among_Greenlanders_and_Danes_Relationship_to_diet_and_lifestyle [accessed Oct 7, 2015]....

  13. [A biographical sketch of Albert Szent-Györgyi].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berger, Zoltán; Berger Salinas, Alexandra; Szánthó Pongrácz, György

    2015-08-01

    Albert Szent-Györgyi was a Hungarian biochemist and physiologist. He identified the structure and function of vitamin C, naming it as ascorbic acid. His research on cellular respiration and oxidation provided the basis for Krebs' citric acid cycle. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1937. With his collaborators, he discovered the biochemical basis of muscle contractility, isolating the basic proteins, giving them the name myosin and actin. Later on, he worked on the theory of carcinogenesis, linked to electron movements. He was one of the first researchers to describe the connection between free radicals and cancer. He lived a long, very complete life, defending always his opinion and freedom.

  14. Biographical Sketch of Kiyoshi Nokihara (Doctor of Pharmaceutical Sciences)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Kiyoshi Nokihara(Japan)

    2004-01-01

    @@ The CEO and CSO of the HiPep Laboratories, Dr. Nokihara, initially studied Organic Chemistry and Chemical Engineering in Tokyo, followed by many years of academic research in Germany. His involvement with bio-molecules commenced at Deutsches Wollforschungs Institute at the Technischen Hochschule Aachen (1973-1979). From 1980 to 1985,he was Assistant Professor of the Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences of Shizuoka Prefectural University, where he undertook extensive research on brain-gastrointestinal peptides,syntheses as well as immunochemical end endocrinology studies. He subsequently relocated to the University of Heidelberg in the role of visiting Professor, and later at the GBF (German Research Center for Biotechnology). In 1990 he joined the Biotechnology Instruments Department of the Shimadzu Corporation, as General Manager in R & D and Head of the Life Science Center.

  15. Twenty-four hour Holter monitoring in finishing cattle housed outdoors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frese, D A; Thomason, J D; Reinhardt, C; Bartle, S; Rethorst, D; Loneragan, G H; Thomson, D

    2017-04-01

    Atrial premature complexes have been reported to be the most common arrhythmia in cattle and is suspected to be secondary to systemic disease, especially gastrointestinal disease. In order to properly identify pathologic arrhythmia in cattle, the normal rhythm and arrhythmia prevalence should be defined. The objective of this study was to determine the normal heart rate, rhythm, number of ventricular premature complexes (VPCs), and atrial premature complexes (APCs) in unrestrained Angus steers. Twenty-seven client owned steers with unremarkable physical examinations and serum biochemical analyses were used. Twenty-four hour Holter monitors, attached by a custom-made harness, were retrospectively evaluated. Three lead electrocardiographic registrations of good quality and normal sinus rhythm were obtained from all steers in the study. The mean heart rate was 66.8 bpm ± 16.4 bpm. Ventricular premature complexes were rare (noted in 14.8% of steers), and APCs were common (noted in 85% of the steers). Simple second degree AV block was observed in 18.5% of the steers. In summary, healthy steers have rare single VPCs, although it is possible for an individual animal to have apparent more frequent VPCs. Mean heart rate varies with a diurnal pattern similar to other species. Atrial premature complexes are the most prevalent abnormality observed in feedlot steers. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  16. Effects of brewing conditions on the antioxidant capacity of twenty-four commercial green tea varieties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharpe, Erica; Hua, Fang; Schuckers, Stephanie; Andreescu, Silvana; Bradley, Ryan

    2016-02-01

    A novel paper-based Nanoceria Reducing Antioxidant Capacity (NanoCerac) assay for antioxidant detection (Sharpe, Frasco, Andreescu, & Andreescu, 2012), has been adapted for the first time as a high-throughput method, in order to measure the effect of brewing conditions and re-infusion on the antioxidant capacity of twenty-four commercial green teas. The oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) assay, frequently applied to complex foods and beverages, was used as a comparator measure of antioxidant capacity. A novel measure of sustained antioxidant capacity, the total inherent antioxidant capacity (TI-NanoCerac and TI-ORAC) was measured by infusing each tea six times. Effects of brewing conditions (temperature, brew time, etc.) were assessed using one popular tea as a standard. Both NanoCerac and ORAC assays correlated moderately (R(2) 0.80 ± 0.19). The average first-brew NanoCerac, TI-NanoCerac, first-brew ORAC and TI-ORAC were: 0.73 ± 0.1 GAE/g tea; 2.4 ± 0.70 mmolGAE/g tea; 1.0 ± 0.3 mmolTE/g tea and 2.1 ± 0.71 mmolTE/g tea respectively. Brewing conditions including water temperature and infusion time significantly affected antioxidant capacity. The high-throughput adaptation of the original NanoCerac assay tested here offered advantages over ORAC, including portability and rapid analysis.

  17. Convolutional sketch inversion

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Güçlütürk, Y.; Güçlü, U.; Lier, R.J. van; Gerven, M.A.J. van

    2016-01-01

    In this paper, we use deep neural networks for inverting face sketches to synthesize photorealistic face images. We first construct a semi-simulated dataset containing a very large number of computer-generated face sketches with different styles and corresponding face images by expanding existing un

  18. Abductive sensemaking through sketching

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vistisen, Peter

    2014-01-01

    This paper proposes design sketching as a way to make abductive reasoning manifest and concrete. Through sketching, the abductive sensemaking leaves the domain of abstract logics and becomes part of the researchers or practitioner’s reflective practice. This practice is especially evident through...

  19. Sketches as Interaction Spaces

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Day, Dennis; Sharma, Nishant

    2012-01-01

    This paper has two purposes. First, we hope to demonstrate how a design sketch can play a role in design practice as a physical space for negotiation. Thus our focus is not on the representivity of the sketch as such, but how it helps to organise design. Our second purpose is to reflect upon the ...

  20. Sketching with animation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vistisen, Peter

    , the aim is to present a range of analytical arguments and experimental results that indicate the need for a systematic approach to realising the potential of animation within design sketching. This will establish the foundation for what we label animation-based sketching.......This book offers a contribution to the theory, method and techniques involved in the use of animation as a tool for temporal design sketching. Lifted from its traditional role as a genre of entertainment and art and reframed in the design domain, animation offers support during the early phases...... of exploring and assessing the potential of new and emerging digital technologies. This approach is relatively new and has been touched upon by few academic contributions in the past. Thus, the aim of the text is not to promote a claim that sketching with animation is an inherently new phenomenon. Instead...

  1. Biomimetic Synthesis of Twenty-four Long-chained Diketones as Precursors for Muscone and Further Macrocyclic Ketones

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GUO,Yuan; CHEN,Kang-yu; LI,Jian-Li; SHI,Zhen

    2008-01-01

    The one-carbon unit transfer reaction of tetrahydrofolate coenzyme was initiated. Bisbenzimidazolium salts were used as a tetrahydrofolate coenzyme model, and thus the biomimetic synthesis of twenty-four acyclic dike-tones as precursors for macrocyclic ketones was successfully accomplished by using the addition-hydrolysis reac-tion of the bisbenzimidazolium salts with alkyl magnesium halide, wherein six diketones have not been reported in literature. Accordingly, a short route to muscone analogues was provided.

  2. Sketching Star Clusters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perez, Jeremy

    The next time you plan a quiet evening under a salted sky, with hopes of bathing your eyes in the ancient light of a majestic star cluster, be sure that your sketching kit comes with you! A casual glance at these celestial marvels will not give you a decent appreciation for an object whose history and character are as unique as the fingerprints you should be pressing into the side of your trusty pencil. I can think of no better way to connect with these stellar ballets, to understand their intricacies, and to recall your view later than to spend time sketching the soft glow or blazing pinpricks you see through the eyepiece.

  3. Sketches in Embodied Interaction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Erkut, Cumhur; Dahl, Sofia; Triantafyllidis, Georgios

    2014-01-01

    We present an approach for teaching and designing embodied interaction based on interactive sketches. We have combined the mover perspective and felt experiences of movement with advanced technologies (multi-agents, physical simulations) in a generative design session. We report our activities...

  4. Reconstructing Experiences through Sketching

    CERN Document Server

    Karapanos, Evangelos; Hassenzahl, Marc

    2009-01-01

    This paper presents iScale, a survey tool that aims at eliciting users' experiences with a product from memory. iScale employs sketching in imposing a process in the reconstruction of one's experiences. Two versions of iScale, the Constructive and the Value-Account iScale, were motivated by two distinct theories on how people reconstruct emotional experiences from memory. These two versions were tested in two separate studies. Study 1 aimed at providing qualitative insight into the use of iScale and compared its performance to that of free-hand sketching. Study 2 compared the two iScale versions to a control condition: that of reporting one's experiences without employing any form of sketching. Significant differences between iScale and the "no-sketching" tool were found. Overall, iScale resulted in a) an increase in the number of experience reports that subjects provided, b) an increase in the amount of contextual information for the reported experiences, and c) an increase in subjects' accuracy in recalling...

  5. Sketching with a microcomputer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jacobi, P.

    This report describes the use of a microcomputer as a tool for the sketch design phase of the building process. A housing development scheme comprising 175 dwellings is chosen for illustrating the procedures. Here the microcomputer is utilized for analysing the landscape, for the three-dimensiona...

  6. Bayesian Face Sketch Synthesis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Nannan; Gao, Xinbo; Sun, Leiyu; Li, Jie

    2017-03-01

    Exemplar-based face sketch synthesis has been widely applied to both digital entertainment and law enforcement. In this paper, we propose a Bayesian framework for face sketch synthesis, which provides a systematic interpretation for understanding the common properties and intrinsic difference in different methods from the perspective of probabilistic graphical models. The proposed Bayesian framework consists of two parts: the neighbor selection model and the weight computation model. Within the proposed framework, we further propose a Bayesian face sketch synthesis method. The essential rationale behind the proposed Bayesian method is that we take the spatial neighboring constraint between adjacent image patches into consideration for both aforementioned models, while the state-of-the-art methods neglect the constraint either in the neighbor selection model or in the weight computation model. Extensive experiments on the Chinese University of Hong Kong face sketch database demonstrate that the proposed Bayesian method could achieve superior performance compared with the state-of-the-art methods in terms of both subjective perceptions and objective evaluations.

  7. Sketching user experiences the workbook

    CERN Document Server

    Greenberg, Saul; Marquardt, Nicolai; Buxton, Bill

    2012-01-01

    In Sketching User Experiences: The Workbook, you will learn, through step-by-step instructions and exercises, various sketching methods that will let you express your design ideas about user experiences across time. Collectively, these methods will be your sketching repertoire: a toolkit where you can choose the method most appropriate for developing your ideas, which will help you cultivate a culture of experience-based design and critique in your workplace. Features standalone modules detailing methods and exercises for practitioners who want to learn and develop their sketching skills E

  8. Twenty-four-hour esophageal pH monitoring in children and adolescents with chronic and/or recurrent rhinosinusitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V.R.S.G. Monteiro

    2005-02-01

    Full Text Available Gastroesophageal reflux (GER disorder was studied in children and adolescents with chronic and/or recurrent rhinosinusitis not associated with bronchial asthma. Ten children with a clinical and radiological diagnosis of chronic and/or recurrent rhinosinusitis, consecutively attended at the Pediatric Otolaryngology Outpatient Clinic, Federal University of São Paulo, were evaluated. Prolonged esophageal pH monitoring was used to investigate GER disorder. The mean age of the ten patients evaluated (eight males was 7.4 ± 2.4 years. Two patients presented vomiting as a clinical manifestation and one patient presented retrosternal pain with a burning sensation. Twenty-four-hour esophageal pH monitoring was performed using the Sandhill apparatus. An antimony probe electrode was placed in the lower third of the esophagus, confirmed by fluoroscopy and later by a chest X-ray. The parameters analyzed by esophageal pH monitoring included: total percent time of the presence of acid esophageal pH, i.e., pH below 4 (<4.2%; total number of acid episodes (<50 episodes; number of reflux episodes longer than 5 min (3 or less, and duration of the longest reflux episode (<9.2 min. One patient (1/10, 10% presented a 24-h esophageal pH profile compatible with GER disorder. This data suggest that an association between chronic rhinosinusitis not associated with bronchial asthma and GER disorder may exist in children and adolescents, especially in those with compatible GER disorder symptoms. In these cases, 24-h esophageal pH monitoring should be performed before indicating surgery, since the present data suggest that 10% of chronic rhinosinusitis surgeries can be eliminated.

  9. Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNST – Clinicopathological study and treatment outcome of twenty-four cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    DattaGupta Sidharth

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor (MPNST is biologically an aggressive tumor for which the treatment of choice is the surgery. We reviewed the clinical profile, diagnostic methods, treatment patterns, and outcome of twenty-four MPNST patients in this study. Patients and methods A retrospective analysis of 24 MPNST patients, treated from 1994 to 2002, in the department of Surgical Oncology at All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, was done. A combination of gross, histopathological and immunohistochemical findings, and proliferation markers (MIB1 were considered for diagnosis and grade of the MPNST. Survival analysis was done by the Kaplan-Meier method and differences were evaluated with the log-rank test. Multivariate analysis was carried out by using Cox's proportional hazards model by using SPSS (Version 9, Chicago, Illinois software. Results MPNST constituted 12% of all soft tissue sarcomas, where 21% (5/24 of patients had associated Von Recklinghausen's disease (VRHD. A higher incidence of male preponderance and multifocal MPNST were noted in the present series. At a mean follow-up of 38 months, 13 (54 % patients had relapse of disease and 5-year over all and disease free survival were 58% and 35% respectively. In univariate analysis, sex (p = 0.05, tumor depth (p p p = 0.04, cellular differentiation (p p = 0.05 for overall survival. However, in multivariate analysis, cellular differentiation (p p Conclusion MPNSTs constituted a significant proportion (12% of soft tissue sarcoma in our medical center. Heterogeneous differentiation and multifocality of the tumor were few distinct features of MPNST. Sex and cellular differentiation were noticed as the new adverse prognostic factors and adjuvant radiotherapy has been proved to be a significant treatment tool in the current series.

  10. Dynamic Research Sketching

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Markussen, Thomas; Bang, Anne Louise; Knutz, Eva

    2012-01-01

    In this paper we offer a new explanatory tool, called ‘dynamic research sketching’ useful for mapping and understanding how research through design can be a vehicle for theory construction. ‘Research through design’ is often used as an all-inclusive umbrella term for research practices that recog......In this paper we offer a new explanatory tool, called ‘dynamic research sketching’ useful for mapping and understanding how research through design can be a vehicle for theory construction. ‘Research through design’ is often used as an all-inclusive umbrella term for research practices...... that recognize the process of designing and making an artifact as a legitimate method of inquiry. However, even though this type of research is thus grounded in design practice there are many different ways in which the process of designing and making an artifact can be used as a method of inquiry in order...... a first step toward such a methodology. Initially, we set the scene by providing a critical examination of existing literature on the subject. Then, we demonstrate the explanatory strength of dynamic research sketching by applying it to three case examples. In so doing, we uncover three different methods...

  11. 'Where of is mad al mankynde' : an edition of and introduction to the twenty-four poems in Oxford, Bodleian Library, MS Digby 102

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Verheij, Louis Johan Philip

    2009-01-01

    'Where of is Mad al Mankynde' represents a new critical edition of the collection of twenty-four late-medieval anonymous poems contained, among other pieces, in Oxford, Bodleian Library, MS Digby 102. Each poem is introduced with a brief summary and closes with line-for-line explanatory comments. Th

  12. Biographical approach to human resource management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ratković-Njegovan Biljana

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper discusses the importance of biographical approach to managing human resources, which is especially important in the first, anticipatory stage of organizational socialization, in which interview for the job is performed. Biographical principle is based on a broader and more complex approach to the candidate, which enables him to present his working career, personal qualities, professional knowledge and skills, social skills, interests and aspirations. Biographical approach allows an individual who has applied for a certain job to reflect, identify and present their work and life path in their own way.. The organization, in turn, through the biographical method receives valid information to predict the future behavior of candidates and their performance.

  13. Fashion sketch design by interactive genetic algorithms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mok, P. Y.; Wang, X. X.; Xu, J.; Kwok, Y. L.

    2012-11-01

    Computer aided design is vitally important for the modern industry, particularly for the creative industry. Fashion industry faced intensive challenges to shorten the product development process. In this paper, a methodology is proposed for sketch design based on interactive genetic algorithms. The sketch design system consists of a sketch design model, a database and a multi-stage sketch design engine. First, a sketch design model is developed based on the knowledge of fashion design to describe fashion product characteristics by using parameters. Second, a database is built based on the proposed sketch design model to define general style elements. Third, a multi-stage sketch design engine is used to construct the design. Moreover, an interactive genetic algorithm (IGA) is used to accelerate the sketch design process. The experimental results have demonstrated that the proposed method is effective in helping laypersons achieve satisfied fashion design sketches.

  14. In search of the malarial parasite: biographical sketches of the blood stain contributors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krafts, Kristine; Hempelmann, Ernst; Oleksyn, Barbara J

    2011-09-01

    Methylene blue was synthesized by Caro in 1876 at BASF, a chemical company. Six years later, Koch employed methylene blue when he discovered the tubercle bacillus. In 1880, Ehrlich described what he termed "neutral" dyes: mixtures of acidic and basic dyes for the differentiation of cells in peripheral blood smears. Bernthsen prepared in 1886 a relatively pure dye, obtained by decomposition of methylene blue, and called it methylene azure. In 1891, Malachowski developed a method which used mixtures of eosin and "ripened" methylene blue that not only differentiated blood cells, but also demonstrated the nuclei of malarial parasites. Romanowsky later performed the same feat with an unrepeatable method. A number of "ripening" (polychroming) techniques were investigated by different groups (Nocht 1899) but the aqueous dye solutions produced were unstable and precipitated rapidly. Subsequently, methanol was introduced as a solvent for the dye precipitate (Jenner 1899) and techniques were developed that utilized the fixative properties of the methanolic solution prior to aqueous dilution for staining (Wright 1902). Giemsa (1902) further improved these techniques by developing more precise methods of methylene blue demethylation and adding glycerol as a stabilizing agent to the methanol solvent. Today, the Malachowski-Wright-Giemsa stain continues to be regarded as the world's standard diagnostic technique for malaria.

  15. An Epitome of Devotion and Moral Integrity-A Biographical Sketch of Prof. Ye Duzheng

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fu Congbin; Yan Xiaodong; Wu Guoxiong; Wang Huijun

    2003-01-01

    @@ Just as his name indicates, among Chinese scientists Prof. Ye Duzheng is an epitome of whole-hearted devotion to science and moral integrity in personal character. As one of the founders and pacesetters of Chinese atmospheric science, Prof.

  16. Eliezer Schneider: um esboço biográfico Eliezer Schneider: a biographical sketch

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Maria Jacó-Vilela

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo procura traçar o percurso profissional de Eliezer Schneider, um dos primeiros brasileiros com formação acadêmica em Psicologia. Formado em Direito em 1939, pela Faculdade Nacional de Direito da antiga Universidade do Brasil (hoje UFRJ, prestou concurso para o Instituto de Psicologia daquela universidade, onde ingressou em 1941. Poucos anos depois, obteve o título de Mestre em Psicologia pela Universidade de Iowa (EUA com tese sobre as teorias emergentistas da personalidade, orientada pelo professor Gustavo Bergman. Da experiência nessa Universidade permaneceu seu interesse pelo behaviorismo, menos talvez por sua metodologia do que por sua ênfase nas situações ambientais como determinantes do comportamento humano. Seu interesse pela Psicologia, segundo seu próprio relato, surgiu com o estudo do Direito - como entender o criminoso, como caracterizar a inimputabilidade? Sua principal influência, contudo, se encontra na formação de toda uma geração de professores de Psicologia Social que, com ele, aprendemos a estender nosso olhar além do paradigma individualista e intimista que caracteriza nossa Psicologia.This article presents the professional trajectory of Eliezer Schneider, one of the first Brazilians with academic training in Psychology. Graduated in Law, in 1939, by National College of Law of the old University of Brazil (nowadays Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, he applied to a position at the Institute of Psychology of that University, being hired in 1941. Few years later, he got the Master degree by University of Iowa (USA, with a thesis about the emergentist theories of personality, under the supervision of Gustavo Bergman. Due to his experience at that University, Schneider kept his interest in behaviorism alive, perhaps not so for its methodology but for its emphasis in environmental situations as determinants of human behavior. His interest in Psychology, according to his own report, began with Law studies - how to understand the criminal, how to characterize his/her unliability? However, his main contribution relates to the training of a whole generation of Social Psychology teachers, who have learned, with him, to extend our sight beyond the paradigm of individualism and intimacy that identifies our Psychology.

  17. George Ryerson Fowler: Brooklyn's surgical pioneer: a biographical sketch based on historical documents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelleher, Mary E; Swan, Kenneth G; Kelleher, Denis P

    2011-06-01

    The Fowler position, widely used in surgery and obstetrics for patient placement, marks a fraction of 19th-century Brooklyn surgeon George Ryerson Fowler's prodigious accomplishments. Fowler was a pioneer who refined the appendectomy, performed the first lung decortication, advocated for sterile techniques, introduced first aid in the US Army, and helped start a precursor to Annals of Surgery. His publications include the first US textbook on appendicitis--ironically, the disease that killed him.

  18. Warburg effect(s)-a biographical sketch of Otto Warburg and his impacts on tumor metabolism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Otto, Angela M

    2016-01-01

    Virtually everyone working in cancer research is familiar with the "Warburg effect", i.e., anaerobic glycolysis in the presence of oxygen in tumor cells. However, few people nowadays are aware of what lead Otto Warburg to the discovery of this observation and how his other scientific contributions are seminal to our present knowledge of metabolic and energetic processes in cells. Since science is a human endeavor, and a scientist is imbedded in a network of social and academic contacts, it is worth taking a glimpse into the biography of Otto Warburg to illustrate some of these influences and the historical landmarks in his life. His creative and innovative thinking and his experimental virtuosity set the framework for his scientific achievements, which were pioneering not only for cancer research. Here, I shall allude to the prestigious family background in imperial Germany; his relationships to Einstein, Meyerhof, Krebs, and other Nobel and notable scientists; his innovative technical developments and their applications in the advancement of biomedical sciences, including the manometer, tissue slicing, and cell cultivation. The latter were experimental prerequisites for the first metabolic measurements with tumor cells in the 1920s. In the 1930s-1940s, he improved spectrophotometry for chemical analysis and developed the optical tests for measuring activities of glycolytic enzymes. Warburg's reputation brought him invitations to the USA and contacts with the Rockefeller Foundation; he received the Nobel Prize in 1931. World politics and world wars heavily affected Warburg's scientific survival in Berlin. But, after his second postwar recovery, Warburg's drive for unraveling the energetic processes of life, both in plants and in tumor cells, continued until his death in 1970. The legacy of Otto Warburg is not only the Warburg effect, but also the identification of the "respiratory ferment" and hydrogen-transferring cofactors and the isolation of glycolytic enzymes. His hypothesis of respiratory damage being the cause of cancer remains to be a provocative scientific issue, along with its implications for cancer treatment and prevention. Warburg is therefore still stimulating our thinking, as documented in a soaring increase in publications citing his name in the context of tumor metabolism.

  19. [1400 hours of analysis with Freud: Viktor von Dirsztay. A biographical sketch].

    Science.gov (United States)

    May, Ulrike

    2010-01-01

    On the basis of mostly unpublished sources, the author reconstructs the life of the Hungarian writer Viktor von Dirsztay (1884?-1935) who was personally acquainted with many expressionist artists and writers, e. g. with Karl Kraus, Oskar Kokoschka, Herwarth Walden, Walter Hasenclever, Hermann Broch and Arthur Schnitzler. This association puts Freud into closer proximity with the cultural avantgarde of his times than previously realized. Between 1910 and 1920 Dirsztay underwent several phases of analysis with Freud; then he was treated by Theodor Reik. The overall length of his analysis with Freud is almost unparalleled. The article discusses whether and in which way Dirsztay's writings might have been influenced by his analyses and how Freud and Reik might have drawn upon their experiences with this patient. It is argued that likely references can be discovered in both authors' theories of masochism. There is an intriguing late remark of Dirsztay's that he was "ruined by analysis".

  20. Design Sketching: A Lost Skill

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelley, Todd R.

    2017-01-01

    As national STEM initiatives focus on engineering design as a STEM integrator, a more important concern for K-12 educators should be teaching design fundamentals and using these experiences to help students obtain STEM content knowledge. There appears however, to be little instruction and emphasis on building students' design-sketching skills in…

  1. Japanese Word Sketches: Advances and Problems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irena SRDANOVIĆ

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we present results of an evaluation of Japanese word sketches and address in detail issues that were observed by the evaluators. A word sketch presents a list of salient collocates of a word, organized by the grammatical relations holding between the word and its collocate. The word sketch functionality is incorporated into the Sketch Engine corpus query system and has been created for more than twenty languages so far, including Japanese. The issues that have been discovered in the evaluation of word sketches in Japanese are to be addressed for further enhancement of the word sketch functionality. Other tools and resources which are combined for use and influence the performance of the word sketches should also be looked over. We divide the issues into the following: 1 the lemmatizer and tagger in use, 2 the sketch grammar that is specifically written for Japanese, and 3 the corpus and statistical methods.

  2. SketchUp 2014 for dummies

    CERN Document Server

    Chopra, Aidan

    2014-01-01

    Start building your 3D model today with a comprehensive guide to SketchUp 2014 SketchUp 2014 For Dummies is a user-friendly guide to creating 3D models, adding textures, creating animated walkthroughs, and more, using one of the most popular 3D modeling programs on the market. Fully updated to align with the release of SketchUp, the book guides you through the interface, tools, techniques, and tricks in SketchUp and SketchUp Pro, on both Windows and Mac platforms. Written for designers with no prior 3D modeling experience, the book provides beginner- to intermediate-level instruction in this p

  3. Who Was that Masked Man? Biographical Sites on the Web.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Byerly, Greg; Brodie, Carolyn S.

    1999-01-01

    Identifies some of the best general biographical sites on the Web and offers examples of some categorized biographical sites. Highlights include Web encyclopedias; presidents; women; scientists; children's literature authors and illustrators; popular culture; and classroom applications. (LRW)

  4. Google SketchUp Cookbook

    CERN Document Server

    Roskes, Bonnie

    2009-01-01

    As the first book for intermediate and advanced users of Google SketchUp, this Cookbook goes beyond the basics to explore the complex features and tools that design professionals use. You'll get numerous step-by-step tutorials for solving common (and not so common) design problems, with detailed color graphics to guide your way, and discussions that explain additional ways to complete a task.

  5. Biographical Sources: Literature. Bibliographic Series No. 13.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahrens, Joan

    Items listed in this bibliography of biographical materials on writers and poets were selected from the holdings of the Arkansas University library. Organized by geographic region, citations include encyclopedias, dictionaries, handbooks, bibliographies, and directories on British, American and English speaking, European, French, German, Austrian,…

  6. Biographical History: Microcosm of Meaning and Mankind.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johns, Robert W.

    1984-01-01

    A conceptual framework and teaching guidelines for biographical history, i.e., centering the study of history in individual lives, are presented. Both the framework and guidelines were derived from a group of philosopher-historians representing a full monistic-pluralistic spectrum of theories: Marx, Weber, Toynbee, Ortega y Gasset, and Dilthey.…

  7. Effects of Twenty-four Move Shadow Boxing Combined with psychosomatic relaxation on Depression and Anxiety in Patients with Type-2 Diabetes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zheng, Yingying; Zhou, Yiyi; Lai, Qiujia

    2015-06-01

    The aim of the current study was to observe the effects of Twenty-four Move Shadow Boxing combined with psychosomatic relaxation on depression and anxiety in patients with Type-2 Diabetes. One hundred and twenty (120) patients with Type-2 Diabetes and depressive/anxious symptoms were divided into intervention group (60 cases) and control group (60 cases) according to the minimum distribution principle of unbalanced indicators. Twenty-four Move Shadow Boxing group used this intervention combined with psychosomatic relaxation. Control group underwent conventional treatment. All the patients in the two groups completed the Self-rating Depression Scale (SDS) and Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) before and after treatment. Among the 52 people included in the statistical analysis, the recovery rate was 13.3%. The differences between depression and anxiety scores in the intervention group before and after treatment were statistically significant (PBoxing and psychosomatic relaxation has a beneficial auxiliary therapeutic effect on depression and anxiety accompanying Type-2 Diabetes.

  8. Social change in the perspective of biographical reflection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danuta Lalak

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The modern world is interpreted and described in terms of an autobiographical society, in which the fundamental issues of human life are resolved in the process of an individual decision and being involved in a peculiar type of a dialog. This dialog is more and more often a dialog with oneself and an author’s vision of the world created in the confrontation with virtual reality. In this epoch context the biography is taken into account as a tool for perceiving, understanding and describing the change of the world and the human’s place in the world. Even though, the biography has functioned in social life forever, only now with the epoch of individualization, and then virtualization of life, its formative character has been noticed. Who is the subject of (autobiography? Who is it aimed at as a message and testimony of life? How is it created? Why is it constructed? Who is it constructed by? And then the questions which are behind the autobiography in the theoretical sense – What is life? How do we discover it? What is the link between telling about life and living the life? How is the telling (living about a life connected with culture and history? How does reading (interpreting about life connect with telling about life and the truth about life? Social development phases coupled with transformations within biographical reflection have been distinguished: life in a traditional world – the culture of telling about life; the birth of individualism (the individualization of experience – the culture of describing life; the discovery of identity – the culture of reading about life; life in the net and cyberspace – the culture of constructing life; the new communalism – the culture of seeking the meaning of life. Every stage of biographical reflection enables us to distinguish new forms of creating, understanding and using it in both the humanities and social life, but also in ordinary people’s life. The direction of changes sketched

  9. The Cognitive Science of Sketch Worksheets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forbus, Kenneth D; Chang, Maria; McLure, Matthew; Usher, Madeline

    2017-03-29

    Computational modeling of sketch understanding is interesting both scientifically and for creating systems that interact with people more naturally. Scientifically, understanding sketches requires modeling aspects of visual processing, spatial representations, and conceptual knowledge in an integrated way. Software that can understand sketches is starting to be used in classrooms, and it could have a potentially revolutionary impact as the models and technologies become more advanced. This paper looks at one such effort, Sketch Worksheets, which have been used in multiple classroom experiments already, with students ranging from elementary school to college. Sketch Worksheets are a software equivalent of pencil and paper worksheets commonly found in classrooms, but they provide on-the-spot feedback based on what students draw. They are built on the CogSketch platform, which provides qualitative visual and spatial representations and analogical processing based on computational models of human cognition. This paper explores three issues. First, we examine how research from cognitive science and artificial intelligence, combined with the constraints of creating new kinds of educational software, led to the representations and processing in CogSketch. Second, we examine how these capabilities have been used in Sketch Worksheets, drawing upon experiments with fifth-grade students in biology and college students in engineering design and in geoscience. Finally, we examine some open issues in sketch understanding that need to be addressed to better model high-level aspects of vision, and for sketch understanding systems to reach their full potential for supporting education.

  10. The Roles of Sketching in Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vistisen, Peter

    2015-01-01

    This paper examines how the role of sketching in design process has been disseminated previously through a review of prior perspectives into the field. We identify that the studies of design sketching has been dominated by two perspectives: studies into what is known as ‘visual thinking......’ (Goldschmidt 1991, Schön & Wiggins 1992, Tversky et al. 1999), which examines the designers reflective conversation with the sketch, and a second perspective on sketching as way of ‘visual communication’ with others in the design process (Lugt 2005, Schütze 2003, Buxton 2010). We raise the question of whether...... it is reasonable to combine the two different roles of sketching to form a more intertwined relationship - seeing the two as sides of the same coin. Based on the terminology of Olofsson & Sjöflen (2005) four functions are identified as being representative for the different roles sketching can take in the design...

  11. Tehnical sketch drawing in the elementary school

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    A picture may contain countless information presented without the use of words. We encounter it from our childhood onward and our ability to understand picture messages develops hand in hand with our maturity. Everyone is familiar with an artistic painting, but we more and more frequently encounter the technical sketch drawing, with its most basic form – the sketch, often without even being aware of it. The ability to understand a technical sketch drawing and its content can be of great help ...

  12. Sketch-based Interfaces and Modeling

    CERN Document Server

    Jorge, Joaquim

    2011-01-01

    The field of sketch-based interfaces and modeling (SBIM) is concerned with developing methods and techniques to enable users to interact with a computer through sketching - a simple, yet highly expressive medium. SBIM blends concepts from computer graphics, human-computer interaction, artificial intelligence, and machine learning. Recent improvements in hardware, coupled with new machine learning techniques for more accurate recognition, and more robust depth inferencing techniques for sketch-based modeling, have resulted in an explosion of both sketch-based interfaces and pen-based computing

  13. Sketching for Developing Critical Thinking Skills

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eriksson, S. C.; Wang, P.; Sim, T. B.; Goh, E.; Ng, H. K.

    2013-12-01

    Sketching is a valuable field technique to support a person's observation, recording, interpretation and communication of important features in both natural and human-made landscapes. The Singapore geography syllabus employs an inquiry approach and encourages sketching as a fundamental geographical skill. Sketching allows the learner to connect with the world through a personal and kinesthetic experience. The Earth Observatory of Singapore collaborates with the Singapore Geography Teachers' Association, Urban Sketchers, and National Institute of Education professional development to give teachers both basic sketching skills and the opportunity to develop those skills in a scaffolded environment. In Singapore, geography and geology skills overlap in content area of coastal processes, climate change, and plate tectonics with its associated natural hazards such as volcanoes, earthquakes, and tsunami. Both disciplines are interested in how people live on the Earth. Likewise, basic skills such as observing, classifying, measuring, and communicating cut across disciplines of social and natural sciences in order to analyze, synthesize, and evaluate information about the world. Hence, sketching, commonly considered an art skill, is used to further scientific thinking. This somewhat unique collaboration to develop sketching in teachers is based on the long tradition of sketches in geological field work, the newly popular urban sketching community, and professional development by a professional organization and the Singapore National Institute of Education. Workshops provide technique as well as opportunities for sketching with experts in different areas relevant to the geography curriculum.

  14. SimSketch: multiagent simulations based on learner-created sketches for early science education

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bollen, L.; Joolingen, van W.R.

    2013-01-01

    This paper presents an approach to create simulations of science phenomena based on sketches. SimSketch, an integrated drawing and modeling tool, allows students to create sketches and apply behaviors to elements of their drawing. A multiagent simulation engine interprets and executes the model, thu

  15. Digital Sketch Modelling: Integrating Digital Sketching as a Transition between Sketching and CAD in Industrial Design Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ranscombe, Charlie; Bissett-Johnson, Katherine

    2017-01-01

    Literature on the use of design tools in educational settings notes an uneasy relationship between student use of traditional hand sketching and digital modelling tools (CAD) during the industrial design process. This is often manifested in the transition from sketching to CAD and exacerbated by a preference of current students to use CAD. In this…

  16. The Roles of Sketching in Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vistisen, Peter

    2015-01-01

    This paper examines how the role of sketching in design process has been disseminated previously through a review of prior perspectives into the field. We identify that the studies of design sketching has been dominated by two perspectives: studies into what is known as ‘visual thinking’ (Goldsch......This paper examines how the role of sketching in design process has been disseminated previously through a review of prior perspectives into the field. We identify that the studies of design sketching has been dominated by two perspectives: studies into what is known as ‘visual thinking...... it is reasonable to combine the two different roles of sketching to form a more intertwined relationship - seeing the two as sides of the same coin. Based on the terminology of Olofsson & Sjöflen (2005) four functions are identified as being representative for the different roles sketching can take in the design...... process: investigative, explorative, communicative, and persuasive. We appropriate these categories into a tension field, reflecting how the role of the same sketch may change over the course of time in the design project, based upon the type of knowledge required to gain from the sketch at a given time....

  17. Discovering English with the Sketch Engine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, James

    2014-01-01

    "Discovering English with the Sketch Engine" is the title of a new book (Thomas, 2014) which introduces the use of corpora in language study, teaching, writing and translating. It focuses on using the Sketch Engine to identify patterns of normal usage in many aspects of English ranging from morphology to discourse and pragmatics. This…

  18. A Password System Based on Sketches

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-07-12

    obtained using a Samsung Galaxy Note 10.1. Each of the 5 users provided 10 genuine sketches (i.e. 50 genuine sketches in total), and the remainder of the...Aerospace and670 Electronic Systems Magazine 21 (2006) 15–26. [22] A. K. Jain, A. Ross, S. Prabhakar, An introduction to biometric recogni- tion, IEEE

  19. Sketching is more than making correct drawings

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Waanders, Remko; Eggink, Wouter; Mulder-Nijkamp, Maaike; Kovacevic, A.; Ion, W.; McMahon, C.; Buck, C.; Hogarth, P.

    2011-01-01

    Sketching in the context of a design process is not a goal in itself, but can be considered as a tool to make better designs. Sketching as a design tool has several useful effects as: ordering your thoughts, better understanding of difficult shapes, functioning as a communication tool, and providing

  20. Biographical value: towards a conceptualisation of the commodification of illness narratives in contemporary healthcare.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mazanderani, Fadhila; Locock, Louise; Powell, John

    2013-07-01

    Illness narratives play a central role in social studies of health and illness, serving as both a key theoretical focus and a popular research method. Despite this, relatively little work has gone into conceptualising how and why illness narratives - be they in books, websites, television or other media - are commodified in contemporary healthcare and its social environment; namely, how distinctive forms of value are generated in the production, circulation, use and exchange of illness narratives. In this article we propose the notion of biographical value as a first step towards conceptualising the values attributed to illness narratives in this context. Based on a secondary analysis of 37 interviews with people affected by 15 different health conditions in the UK (all of whom have shared their illness experiences across various media) and drawing on understandings of value in research on the bioeconomy and the concept of biovalue in particular, we sketch out how epistemic, ethical and economic forms of value converge and co-constitute each other in the notion of biographical value and in broader economies of illness experiences.

  1. CogSketch: sketch understanding for cognitive science research and for education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forbus, Kenneth; Usher, Jeffrey; Lovett, Andrew; Lockwood, Kate; Wetzel, Jon

    2011-10-01

    Sketching is a powerful means of working out and communicating ideas. Sketch understanding involves a combination of visual, spatial, and conceptual knowledge and reasoning, which makes it both challenging to model and potentially illuminating for cognitive science. This paper describes CogSketch, an ongoing effort of the NSF-funded Spatial Intelligence and Learning Center, which is being developed both as a research instrument for cognitive science and as a platform for sketch-based educational software. We describe the idea of open-domain sketch understanding, the scientific hypotheses underlying CogSketch, and provide an overview of the models it employs, illustrated by simulation studies and ongoing experiments in creating sketch-based educational software.

  2. Sketching the moon an astronomical artist's guide

    CERN Document Server

    Handy, Richard; McCague, Thomas; Rix, Erika; Russell, Sally

    2012-01-01

    Soon after you begin studying the sky through your small telescope or binoculars, you will probably be encouraged by others to make sketches of what you see. Sketching is a time-honored tradition in amateur astronomy and dates back to the earliest times, when telescopes were invented. Even though we have lots of new imaging technologies nowadays, including astrophotography, most observers still use sketching to keep a record of what they see, make them better observers, and in hopes of perhaps contributing something to the body of scientific knowledge about the Moon. Some even sketch because it satisfies their artistic side. The Moon presents some unique challenges to the astronomer-artist, the Moon being so fond of tricks of the light. Sketching the Moon: An Astronomical Artist’s Guide, by five of the best lunar observer-artists working today, will guide you along your way and help you to achieve really high-quality sketches. All the major types of lunar features are covered, with a variety of sketching te...

  3. What are the intensities and line-shapes of the twenty four polarization terms in coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kai Niu

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy (CARS is conventionally described by just one diagram/term where the three electric field interactions act on the ket side in a Feynman dual time-line diagram in a specific time order of pump, Stokes and probe pulses. In theory, however, any third-order nonlinear spectroscopy with three different electric fields interacting with a molecule can be described by forty eight diagrams/terms. They reduce to just 24 diagrams/terms if we treat the time ordering of the electric field interactions on the ket independently of those on the bra, i.e. the ket and bra wave packets evolve independently. The twenty four polarization terms can be calculated in the multidimensional, separable harmonic oscillator model to obtain the intensities and line-shapes. It is shown that in fs/ps CARS, for the two cases of off-resonance CARS in toluene and resonance CARS in rhodamine 6G, where we use a fs pump pulse, a fs Stokes pulse and a ps probe pulse, we obtain sharp vibrational lines in four of the polarization terms where the pump and Stokes pulses can create a vibrational coherence on the ground electronic state, while the spectral line-shapes of the other twenty terms are broad and featureless. The conventional CARS term with sharp vibrational lines is the dominant term, with intensity at least one order of magnitude larger than the other terms.

  4. What are the intensities and line-shapes of the twenty four polarization terms in coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Niu, Kai [School of Science, Tianjin University of Technology and Education, Tianjin, 300222 (China); Lee, Soo-Y., E-mail: sooying@ntu.edu.sg [Division of Physics & Applied Physics, and Division of Chemistry & Biological Chemistry, School of Physical & Mathematical Sciences, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore 637371 (Singapore)

    2015-12-15

    Coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy (CARS) is conventionally described by just one diagram/term where the three electric field interactions act on the ket side in a Feynman dual time-line diagram in a specific time order of pump, Stokes and probe pulses. In theory, however, any third-order nonlinear spectroscopy with three different electric fields interacting with a molecule can be described by forty eight diagrams/terms. They reduce to just 24 diagrams/terms if we treat the time ordering of the electric field interactions on the ket independently of those on the bra, i.e. the ket and bra wave packets evolve independently. The twenty four polarization terms can be calculated in the multidimensional, separable harmonic oscillator model to obtain the intensities and line-shapes. It is shown that in fs/ps CARS, for the two cases of off-resonance CARS in toluene and resonance CARS in rhodamine 6G, where we use a fs pump pulse, a fs Stokes pulse and a ps probe pulse, we obtain sharp vibrational lines in four of the polarization terms where the pump and Stokes pulses can create a vibrational coherence on the ground electronic state, while the spectral line-shapes of the other twenty terms are broad and featureless. The conventional CARS term with sharp vibrational lines is the dominant term, with intensity at least one order of magnitude larger than the other terms.

  5. [Changes of twenty-four-hour profile blood pressure and its correction of patients with arterial hypertension on the background of combined antihypertensive therapy application].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solomennchuk, T M; Slaba, N A; Prots'ko, V V; Bedzaĭ, A O

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this research was the study of efficiency and endurance antihypertensive therapy on the basis of fixed combination of enalapril and hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) and enalapril and HCTZ in combination with amlodipine according to the twenty-four-hour (? day-and-night) monitoring of blood pressure (? 24H BPM) of patients with arterial hypertension (AH) 2-3 severity. The study included 33 patients with 2-3 grade of hypertension (average age--54,40 ± 3.45 years). All patients performed ? 24H BPM before treatment and after 12 weeks of therapy. The combination of enalapril and HCTZ allowed to achieve target levels of blood pressure in 79% of patients, amlodipine additional purpose--in 86% of patients. We found that this therapy has a corrective effect on daily blood pressure profile, significantly reducing the load pressure and blood pressure variability. During treatment with the combination of enalapril and HCTZ combination of enalapril, HCTZ with amlodipine optimal daily profile of blood pressure after 12 weeks of reaching respectively 63.1% and 71.4% of patients. The treatment with combination of enalapril and HCTZ and adding of amlodipine is characterized by good endurance and high adherence to treatment.

  6. Dylan's Biographical Rhetoric and the Myth of the Outlaw Hero.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Makay, John J.; Gonzalez, Alberto

    1987-01-01

    Discusses how Bob Dylan's biographical songs promote the myth of the outlaw-hero and offer powerful cultural criticism by appealing to three ethical traits: resistance to corrupt authority, integrity of the self, and simplicity. Shows how Dylan's biographical rhetoric defines a social context that appeals to a vast audience. (JD)

  7. Creativity in Biographical Writing as the Necessary Fictions of Nonfiction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feldman, Paula R.

    Biographical writing is highly imaginative writing and always has been. The task of the biographer is to weave a riveting story from the fabric of the subject's life. For example, a single pivotal incident in the lives of Percy Bysshe Shelley, the English poet, and Mary Godwin, author of "Frankenstein", at the grave of Mary's mother, Mary…

  8. NEW STEPS IN SKETCHING MACHINE PARTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tocariu Liliana

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents new and main steps in sketching machine part, by using the Solid Edge program. The traditional method applied in the technical drawing is appreciably altered in the case of the computer-assisted and modern design. These modifications involve others: e.g., use of classic drawing rule in tool sketching. The author deals with them from three points of view, namely: technical drawing, technical education and advantages.

  9. Sketching is more than making correct drawings

    OpenAIRE

    Waanders, Remko; Eggink, Wouter; Mulder-Nijkamp, Maaike; Kovacevic, A.; Ion, W.; McMahon, C; Buck, C.; Hogarth, P.

    2011-01-01

    Sketching in the context of a design process is not a goal in itself, but can be considered as a tool to make better designs. Sketching as a design tool has several useful effects as: ordering your thoughts, better understanding of difficult shapes, functioning as a communication tool, and providing an iterative way of developing shapes. In our bachelor-curriculum Industrial Design Engineering we developed a series of courses that addresses these effects in particular. The courses are Sketchi...

  10. Surgical treatment of cavus foot in Charcot-Marie-tooth disease: a review of twenty-four cases: AAOS exhibit selection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faldini, Cesare; Traina, Francesco; Nanni, Matteo; Mazzotti, Antonio; Calamelli, Carlotta; Fabbri, Daniele; Pungetti, Camilla; Giannini, Sandro

    2015-03-18

    Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease is the single most common diagnosis associated with cavus foot. The imbalance involving intrinsic and extrinsic muscles has been suggested as the main pathogenetic cause of cavus foot in this disease. The goal of surgical treatment is to correct the deformity to obtain a plantigrade foot. In the presence of a flexible deformity and the absence of degenerative arthritis, preserving as much as possible of the overall range of motion of the foot and ankle is advisable. Twenty-four cavus feet in twelve patients with Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease were included in the study. Clinical evaluation was summarized with the Maryland Foot Score. Radiographic evaluation assessed calcaneal pitch, Meary angle, Hibb angle, and absence of degenerative joint changes. Only patients who had a flexible deformity, with varus of the heel reducible in the Coleman-Andreasi test, and did not have degenerative joint arthritis were included in this study. Surgical treatment consisted in plantar fasciotomy, midtarsal osteotomy, extensor hallucis longus tendon transfer to the first metatarsal (Jones procedure), and dorsiflexion osteotomy of the first metatarsal. Mean follow-up was six years (range, two to thirteen years). The mean Maryland Foot Score was 72 preoperatively and 86 postoperatively. The postoperative result was rated as excellent in twelve feet (50%), good in ten (42%), and fair in two (8%). Mean calcaneal pitch was 34° preoperatively and 24° at the time of the latest follow-up, the mean Hibb angle was 121° preoperatively and 136° postoperatively, and the mean Meary angle was 25° preoperatively and 2° postoperatively. Plantar fasciotomy, midtarsal osteotomy, the Jones procedure, and dorsiflexion osteotomy of the first metatarsal yielded adequate correction of flexible cavus feet in patients with Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease in the absence of fixed hindfoot deformity. The fact that the improvement in the outcome score was only modest may be attributable

  11. On the Idyllic Realm in the Twenty-four Poetic Genres%论«二十四诗品»的休闲境界

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙敏明

    2016-01-01

    «二十四诗品»不仅是司空图论诗歌艺术风格类型的文学理论作品,也是优美的诗歌作品。综观«二十四诗品»,最重要的是通过对纯洁本性的累积、回归、体悟而达到对“真”“中”“虚”的葆有。«二十四诗品»为我们展示了诗意栖居的生活,也体现了古人内外双修,体验式的生活方式,从而能启示活在当下、顺任自然的诗意人生,启示我们思考如何更聪明地休闲,追求与道同体的永恒境界。%The Twenty-four Poetic Genres written by Si kongtu is not only a theoretic book on the po-etic genres,but also a poetic work itself.Overview the whole book,the essence is to maintain the"true""intrinsic"and"virtual"quality through the accumulation,regression and comprehension of pure nature. It revealed the idyllic settings of our ancestors with the poetic life to inspire us to take relaxation naturally and cleverly for the pursuit of eternal realm of life.

  12. The usefulness of twenty-four molecular markers in predicting treatment outcome with combination therapy of amodiaquine plus sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine against falciparum malaria in Papua New Guinea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reeder John C

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background In Papua New Guinea (PNG, combination therapy with amodiaquine (AQ or chloroquine (CQ plus sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP was introduced as first-line treatment against uncomplicated malaria in 2000. Methods We assessed in vivo treatment failure rates with AQ+SP in two different areas in PNG and twenty-four molecular drug resistance markers of Plasmodium falciparum were characterized in pre-treatment samples. The aim of the study was to investigate the association between infecting genotype and treatment response in order to identify useful predictors of treatment failure with AQ+SP. Results In 2004, Day-28 treatment failure rates for AQ+SP were 29% in the Karimui and 19% in the South Wosera area, respectively. The strongest independent predictors for treatment failure with AQ+SP were pfmdr1 N86Y (OR = 7.87, p pfdhps A437G (OR = 3.44, p pfcrt K76T, A220S, N326D, and I356L did not help to increase the predictive value, the most likely reason being that these mutations reached almost fixed levels. Though mutations in SP related markers pfdhfr S108N and C59R were not associated with treatment failure, they increased the predictive value of pfdhps A437G. The difference in treatment failure rate in the two sites was reflected in the corresponding genetic profile of the parasite populations, with significant differences seen in the allele frequencies of mutant pfmdr1 N86Y, pfmdr1 Y184F, pfcrt A220S, and pfdhps A437G. Conclusion The study provides evidence for high levels of resistance to the combination regimen of AQ+SP in PNG and indicates which of the many molecular markers analysed are useful for the monitoring of parasite resistance to combinations with AQ+SP.

  13. Sketch Matching on Topology Product Graph.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liang, Shuang; Luo, Jun; Liu, Wenyin; Wei, Yichen

    2015-08-01

    Sketch matching is the fundamental problem in sketch based interfaces. After years of study, it remains challenging when there exists large irregularity and variations in the hand drawn sketch shapes. While most existing works exploit topology relations and graph representations for this problem, they are usually limited by the coarse topology exploration and heuristic (thus suboptimal) similarity metrics between graphs. We present a new sketch matching method with two novel contributions. We introduce a comprehensive definition of topology relations, which results in a rich and informative graph representation of sketches. For graph matching, we propose topology product graph that retains the full correspondence for matching two graphs. Based on it, we derive an intuitive sketch similarity metric whose exact solution is easy to compute. In addition, the graph representation and new metric naturally support partial matching, an important practical problem that received less attention in the literature. Extensive experimental results on a real challenging dataset and the superior performance of our method show that it outperforms the state-of-the-art.

  14. Efficient estimation for high similarities using odd sketches

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mitzenmacher, Michael; Pagh, Rasmus; Pham, Ninh Dang

    2014-01-01

    Estimating set similarity is a central problem in many computer applications. In this paper we introduce the Odd Sketch, a compact binary sketch for estimating the Jaccard similarity of two sets. The exclusive-or of two sketches equals the sketch of the symmetric difference of the two sets. This ...

  15. SketchStory: telling more engaging stories with data through freeform sketching.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Bongshin; Kazi, Rubaiat Habib; Smith, Greg

    2013-12-01

    Presenting and communicating insights to an audience-telling a story-is one of the main goals of data exploration. Even though visualization as a storytelling medium has recently begun to gain attention, storytelling is still underexplored in information visualization and little research has been done to help people tell their stories with data. To create a new, more engaging form of storytelling with data, we leverage and extend the narrative storytelling attributes of whiteboard animation with pen and touch interactions. We present SketchStory, a data-enabled digital whiteboard that facilitates the creation of personalized and expressive data charts quickly and easily. SketchStory recognizes a small set of sketch gestures for chart invocation, and automatically completes charts by synthesizing the visuals from the presenter-provided example icon and binding them to the underlying data. Furthermore, SketchStory allows the presenter to move and resize the completed data charts with touch, and filter the underlying data to facilitate interactive exploration. We conducted a controlled experiment for both audiences and presenters to compare SketchStory with a traditional presentation system, Microsoft PowerPoint. Results show that the audience is more engaged by presentations done with SketchStory than PowerPoint. Eighteen out of 24 audience participants preferred SketchStory to PowerPoint. Four out of five presenter participants also favored SketchStory despite the extra effort required for presentation.

  16. Industrial design sketching for concept generation sketching: A parallel thinking process

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nik Ahmad Ariff, N.S.; Badke-Schaub, P.G.

    2011-01-01

    Designers largely use freehand sketching as the one way of communicating their ideas during the design process. This research aims at investigating the sketching in the conceptual design stage and to explore what measures and procedure might be appropriate method to improve the positive influence of

  17. Exploring Biographical Learning in Danish Elite Football Coaching

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Mette Krogh

    coaches. Even if high performance sport has become increasingly professionalized, the role of the elite coach and the developmental pathways of the coaches differ widely in both areas of experience and amount of experience. Objectives: This paper draws on theories on biographical learning...... narrated by the coaches, whereas internal learning situations seemed to be of a different and far more complex nature involving the biographicity of the learner. The term ‘breathing spaces’ may illustrate the way in which biographicity ‘oxides’ the coach’s sense of coaching expertise. This autopoietic......Exploring Biographical Learning In Danish Elite Football Coaching Mette Krogh Christensen Abstract for EASS 2011(300 words) Background: There is a growing body of studies in sports coaching cultures, comprising research focusing on the individual learning processes and life histories of elite...

  18. [The 69th Congress-urologists nominated for the Nobel Prize : Not everyone got a prize: four biographical sketches].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moll, F H; Halling, T; Krischel, M; Hansson, N; Fangerau, H

    2017-07-24

    Our research group has reconstructed why the board certified urologists Werner Forssmann (1904-1979) and Charles Huggins (1901-1997) received the Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine (1956, and 1966, respectively). But the history of "Urology and the Nobel Prize" is in fact more multifaceted than the success stories of these two laureates suggest. James Israel (1848-1926), Berlin, Félix Guyon (1831-1920), Paris, Peter J. Freyer (1852-1921), London and Edwin Beer (1876-1938), New York were nominated for the award during the first three decades of the 20th century. Their candidacies mirror trends among leading urologists during the time when urology became a specialty in its own right.

  19. Biographical sketch: Nosrat Ollah Ameli, MB, ChB (Hons), ChM (Birm), FICS, FRCS (Eng).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alimi, Marjan; Rahimi-Movaghar, Vafa

    2012-10-01

    Nosrat Ollah Ameli (1913-2010) was one of the pioneers in Iranian neurosurgery. After training in England in the 1950s, Ameli returned to his country to found the Darioush Kabir Hospital, where he started the first neurosurgical ward in collaboration with Prof. E. Samiy. Here he applied his genius and innovation to develop unique approaches to the management of challenging neurosurgical techniques, in the context of limited resource available at that time. He started the training of neurosurgeons in Iran. He was internationally recognised being elected as a vice president of the World Federation of Neurosurgical Societies (WFNS). His efforts extended beyond neurosurgery to many other fields. He published extensively in international peer reviewed medical journals around the world and contributed to the foundation of Acta Medica Iranica journal, the first scientific medical journal in English published by Tehran University of Medical Sciences. His efforts to improve medical education in Iran continued even through his years of retirement. This article recounts Nosrat Ollah Ameli's many contributions to Iran's medical education as well as his achievements as a neurosurgeon.

  20. Biographical sketch of a giant: Deciphering recent debris-flow dynamics from the Ohya landslide body (Japanese Alps)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Imaizumi, Fumitoshi; Trappmann, Daniel; Matsuoka, Norikazu; Tsuchiya, Satoshi; Ohsaka, Okihiro; Stoffel, Markus

    2016-11-01

    Debris-flow frequency, discharge, and travel distance are highly catchment dependent and typically controlled by topography, hydrological conditions, and sediment supply. As a consequence, detailed and case-specific investigations are needed to decipher debris-flow histories in order to improve hazard mitigation. This study documents past (ca. 10 years) debris-flow occurrences originating from the Ohya landslide, central Japan, by using a large set of methods including field monitoring, repeat airborne LiDAR, orthophoto interpretation, and tree-ring reconstructions. We demonstrate that the different approaches generally agree on the occurrence of debris flows but that mismatches may exist when it comes to the assessment of areas affected by individual events. These differences may even exceed the usual errors in precision inherent to each of the methods used. In the present case, high-resolution orthophoto interpretation tends to underestimate areas affected by debris flows, especially in the vertical direction, in the absence of lateral movement of the channel bed and as a result of shade and areas under trees. On the other hand, we realize that LiDAR data cannot necessarily be used to distinguish local changes in topography from noise. Tree-ring analyses can help to improve the temporal resolution of the analysis, but may have limitations when it comes to the definition of areas affected by an event because of the point-type nature of data. We conclude that the best and most complete results are obtained by combining multiple methods to improve the spatial and temporal resolution of past debris flows and to delimit areas affected by individual events.

  1. [Personality and neurosis in the biographical perspective].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bühler, K E

    1985-01-01

    A biographical conception of neurosis requires a dynamical perspective of personality which may be defined as the relative stability of a person in time. The life-cycle is not merely a sequence of data but a complex pattern which can be reconstructed by all semiotic systems. But the ordinary all-purpose language is to be preferred because of its flexibility to fit even very complicated state of affairs. The narration of a life-cycle does not end in a unique version but a multiplicity of legitimate narratives. The unity of all these versions is conceived as paradigma, that means a set of similar examples. The extensional set of the paradigma shows a kind of order which may be characterized intensionally by a rule or a sense. The seeming irrationality of a neurotic symptom is caused by its belonging to a different paradigma for which there is a sense. Psychotherapy is an attempt to give the seeming irrational symptoms a specific sense and to change it in a second step.

  2. A Simple Sketch Symbolizing Self-Reliance

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2017-02-16

    EID Managing Editor, Byron Breedlove, reads his cover art story, A Simple Sketch Symbolizing Self-Reliance.  Created: 2/16/2017 by National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (NCEZID).   Date Released: 2/16/2017.

  3. Musings on Sketches, Artists, and Mosquito Nets

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2014-09-23

    Byron Breedlove reads his essay Musings on Sketches, Artists, and Mosquito Nets about the art of James Whistler and the transmission of vector borne diseases.  Created: 9/23/2014 by National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (NCEZID).   Date Released: 10/20/2014.

  4. Sketching web services backends with SERPE

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Aprile, W.A.

    2009-01-01

    In the face of current strong commercial interest in services that, from an implementation point of view, consist of databases provided with a web API and/or a front end, there is a scarcity of tools that allow quickly sketching the service backend in order to deliver an interactive prototype. SERPE

  5. A Patch-based Sparse Representation for Sketch Recognition

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Qi, Yonggong; Zhang, Honggang; Song, Yi-Zhe

    2014-01-01

    , such as Symmetric-aware Flip Invariant Sketch Histogram (SYM-FISH). We present a novel patch-based sparse representation (PSR) for describing sketch image and it is evaluated under a sketch recognition framework. Extensive experiments on a large scale human drawn sketch dataset demonstrate the effectiveness......Categorizing free-hand human sketches has profound implications in applications such as human computer interaction and image retrieval. The task is non-trivial due to the iconic nature of sketches, signified by large variances in both appearance and structure when compared with photographs. One...... of the most fundamental problem is how to effectively describe a sketch image. Many existing descriptors, such as Histogram of Oriented Gradients (HOG) and Shape Context (SC), have achieved great success. Moreover, some works have attempted to design features specifically engineered for sketches...

  6. Astronomical sketching a step-by-step introduction

    CERN Document Server

    Handy, Richard; Perez, Jeremy; Rix, Erika; Robbins, Sol

    2007-01-01

    This book presents the amateur with fine examples of astronomical sketches and step-by-step tutorials in each medium, from pencil to computer graphics programs. This unique book can teach almost anyone to create beautiful sketches of celestial objects.

  7. arTenTen: Arabic Corpus and Word Sketches

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tressy Arts

    2014-12-01

    The article also presents the ‘sketch grammar’ (the basis for the word sketches in detail, describes the process of building and processing the corpus, and considers the role of the corpus in additional research on Arabic.

  8. Sketch Style Recognition, Transfer and Synthesis of Hand-Drawn Sketches

    KAUST Repository

    Shaheen, Sara

    2017-07-19

    Humans have always used sketches to explain the visual world. It is a simple and straight- forward mean to communicate new ideas and designs. Consequently, as in almost every aspect of our modern life, the relatively recent major developments in computer science have highly contributed to enhancing individual sketching experience. The literature of sketch related research has witnessed seminal advancements and a large body of interest- ing work. Following up with this rich literature, this dissertation provides a holistic study on sketches through three proposed novel models including sketch analysis, transfer, and geometric representation. The first part of the dissertation targets sketch authorship recognition and analysis of sketches. It provides answers to the following questions: Are simple strokes unique to the artist or designer who renders them? If so, can this idea be used to identify authorship or to classify artistic drawings? The proposed stroke authorship recognition approach is a novel method that distinguishes the authorship of 2D digitized drawings. This method converts a drawing into a histogram of stroke attributes that is discriminative of authorship. Extensive classification experiments on a large variety of datasets are conducted to validate the ability of the proposed techniques to distinguish unique authorship of artists and designers. The second part of the dissertation is concerned with sketch style transfer from one free- hand drawing to another. The proposed method exploits techniques from multi-disciplinary areas including geometrical modeling and image processing. It consists of two methods of transfer: stroke-style and brush-style transfer. (1) Stroke-style transfer aims to transfer the style of the input sketch at the stroke level to the style encountered in other sketches by other artists. This is done by modifying all the parametric stroke segments in the input, so as to minimize a global stroke-level distance between the input and

  9. CSTutor: A Sketch-Based Tool for Visualizing Data Structures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buchanan, Sarah; Laviola, Joseph J., Jr.

    2014-01-01

    We present CSTutor, a sketch-based interface designed to help students understand data structures, specifically Linked Lists, Binary Search Trees, AVL Trees, and Heaps. CSTutor creates an environment that seamlessly combines a user's sketched diagram and code. In each of these data structure modes, the user can naturally sketch a data structure on…

  10. Sketching Curves for Normal Distributions--Geometric Connections

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bosse, Michael J.

    2006-01-01

    Within statistics instruction, students are often requested to sketch the curve representing a normal distribution with a given mean and standard deviation. Unfortunately, these sketches are often notoriously imprecise. Poor sketches are usually the result of missing mathematical knowledge. This paper considers relationships which exist among…

  11. Automatic Image-Based Pencil Sketch Rendering

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王进; 鲍虎军; 周伟华; 彭群生; 徐迎庆

    2002-01-01

    This paper presents an automatic image-based approach for converting greyscale images to pencil sketches, in which strokes follow the image features. The algorithm first extracts a dense direction field automatically using Logical/Linear operators which embody the drawing mechanism. Next, a reconstruction approach based on a sampling-and-interpolation scheme is introduced to generate stroke paths from the direction field. Finally, pencil strokes are rendered along the specified paths with consideration of image tone and artificial illumination.As an important application, the technique is applied to render portraits from images with little user interaction. The experimental results demonstrate that the approach can automatically achieve compelling pencil sketches from reference images.

  12. LEKSIKOGRAAFILISE TARKVARA SKETCH ENGINE EESTI KEELE MOODUL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Madis Jürviste

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available 2010. aasta sügisel alustas Eesti Keele Instituut koos ettevõttega Lexical Computing Ltd. leksikograafilise tarkvara Sketch Engine (Kilgarriff jt 2004 eestikeelse mooduli väljatöötamist. Artiklis kirjeldatakse programmi põhifunktsioone. Põhjalikumalt käsitletakse funktsiooni Word Sketch (ee sõnavisand võimalusi. Tutvustatakse sõnavisandite grammatika koostamise põhimõtteid, vaadeldakse eraldi substantiivide, adjektiivide ja verbide sõnavisandites esitatud süntagmaatilisi seoseid (st grammatilisi ja leksikaalseid kollokatsioone ning arutletakse mooduli edasiarendusvõimaluste üle. Lisaks analüüsitakse, mil määral saab sõnavisandeid kasutada verbide lausemallide tuvastamisel.

  13. Banquet Speech Some Sketches Of Rayleigh

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howard, John N.

    1985-11-01

    Several short sketches are presented of Lord Rayleigh, to show his method of working and his interaction with his fellow scientists. The topics discussed are: his research on the blue of the sky (Rayleigh scattering); his rescue of Waterston from near-oblivion; his research on surface acoustic waves (Rayleigh waves); his collaboration with Agnes Pockels; his research on blackbody radiation (the Rayleigh-Jeans Law).

  14. Evaluating word semantic properties using Sketch Engine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stoykova, Velislava; Simkova, Maria

    2015-02-01

    The paper describes approach to use statistically-based tools incorporated into Sketch Engine system for electronic text corpora processing to mining big textual data for search and extract word semantic properties. It presents and compares series of word search experiments using different statistical approaches and evaluates results for Bulgarian language EUROPARL 7 Corpus search to extract word semantic properties. Finally, the methodology is extended for multilingual application using Slovak language EUROPARL 7 Corpus.

  15. Sketching web services backends with SERPE

    OpenAIRE

    Aprile, W.A.

    2009-01-01

    In the face of current strong commercial interest in services that, from an implementation point of view, consist of databases provided with a web API and/or a front end, there is a scarcity of tools that allow quickly sketching the service backend in order to deliver an interactive prototype. SERPE consists of an online Python programming environment that hides the complexities of the MVC model, databases, objects and object relational mapping and builds on Google's services, letting the ser...

  16. Scientific sketching for collaborative VR visualization design.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keefe, Daniel F; Acevedo, Daniel; Miles, Jadrian; Drury, Fritz; Swartz, Sharon M; Laidlaw, David H

    2008-01-01

    We present four studies investigating tools and methodologies for artist-scientist-technologist collaboration in designing multivariate, virtual reality (VR) visualizations. Design study 1 identifies the promise of 3D drawing-style interfaces for VR design and also establishes limitations of these tools with respect to precision and support for animation. Design study 2 explores animating artist-created visualization designs with scientific 3D fluid flow data. While results captured an accurate sense of flow that was advantageous as compared to the results of study 1, the potential for visual exploration using the design tools tested was limited. Design study 3 reveals the importance of a new 3D interface that overcomes the precision limitation found in study 1 while remaining accessible to artist collaborators. Drawing upon previous results, design study 4 engages collaborative teams in a design process that begins with traditional paper sketching and moves to animated, interactive, VR prototypes "sketched" by designers in VR using interactive 3D tools. Conclusions from these four studies identify important characteristics of effective artist-accessible VR visualization design tools and lead to a proposed formalized methodology for successful collaborative design that we expect to be useful in guiding future collaborations. We call this proposed methodology Scientific Sketching.

  17. Biographical Storytelling in the Context of Counseling and Therapy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heidrun Schulze

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available A precondition for any hermeneutic analysis of biographies is that the interview partners generate life history narratives. The same applies to a counseling practice that is sensitized by biographical analysis. On the one hand, clients' narratives of their own experiences provide the counselor with information on their biographical self-constructions and the processes of the sedimentation of the experiences of their life history. On the other hand, such narratives are not only of diagnostic use for the counselor, but also contribute to the clients' self-understanding. The author works in a psychosocial counseling center for university students. The article describes the transfer and potential of a style of counseling which encourages and is sensitized by biographical narratives in the context of an institution with a specific task. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs080117

  18. Lives Without Privacy: Biographical Blindness in Theory Building

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatjana Greif

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Historical discourse is covered with ‘blind spots’ when dealing with historical role, active contribution, and participation in general of women. This emptiness is ever more obvious with regard to categories of women alternative to the mainstream gender model. While generally women artists as internally undifferentiated and amorphous gender monolith are purely represented within art history and research of art practice, non-hetero-normative women as a deviating minority are just ‘invisible’. It’s not only about the heteronormativism and heterosexism of the mainstream art history but also about phobias of feminist theory. The basic question is when, how and why the biographical approach in art analysis remains unresponsive to biographical specifics outside the socially affirmative mainstream, and why is it important in the biographical optic to detect lost elements through sharper-focused lance.

  19. Exploring Biographical Learning in Danish Elite Football Coaching

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Mette Krogh

    Exploring Biographical Learning In Danish Elite Football Coaching Mette Krogh Christensen Abstract for EASS 2011(300 words) Background: There is a growing body of studies in sports coaching cultures, comprising research focusing on the individual learning processes and life histories of elite...... football coaches (n=8) about their pathways in elite sport. Using Kvale’s recommendations, thematic analysis was conducted by the use of meaning coding. In addition, a theoretical reading of the interview was conducted on the background of Alheit’s concept of biographicity and Werthner and Trudel...

  20. THE INTERTEXT FUNCTIONS IN BIOGRAPHICAL NOVELS BY P. ACKROYD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Blinova M. P.

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The analysis of the intertext functions in biographical novels by P. Ackroyd has been reviewed in this article. Using citations, reminiscences, and allusions creates a factual structure of the works and becomes a particular tool of the hero’s characteristic. Its purpose is to destroy the stereotyped images. The intertext helps P.Ackroyd to comment the works of his heroes and to include them in the cultural paradigm. As a result, the structure of the biographical novel becomes open and allows of different interpretations

  1. Transcending Domesticity:A Biographic Study on Sarah Orne Jewett

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    庄义辉

    2013-01-01

      Following Showalter’s division of the three phases in women’s literary history, namely the“Feminine, Feminist and Fe⁃male”, this essay launches a biographic study on Sarah Orne Jewett, discussing how she transcends domesticity by embracing fe⁃male friendship in life and writing a female culture in literature.

  2. Eligibility Worker Selection Process: Biographical Inventory Validation Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Darany, Theodore; And Others

    One way for agencies to reduce fiscal stress is to minimize employee turnover. A project undertaken by San Bernardino County (California) to reduce employee turnover through the development, validation, and use of a non-traditional worker selection instrument (biographical inventory) is described. This project was aimed at the specific…

  3. ADVERTISING AND AN ACCIDENTAL CLASSIC: ILLUSTRATED SKETCHES OF DFATH VALLEY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Douglas Steeples

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Illustrated Sketches of Death Valley (1891 originated as a hastily-written series of journalistic sketches of our Western borax deserts. They were written on commission to supplement their authors income. Conceived as a means subtly to promote the borax industry the Sketches in time won unintended recognition as a classic source for their subject. They also assumed unforeseen importance as an illustration of the role of advertising in America’s changing economy.

  4. Google SketchUp Workshop Modeling, Visualizing, and Illustrating

    CERN Document Server

    Brixius, Laurent

    2010-01-01

    Discover the secrets of the Google SketchUp with the 16 real-world professional-level projects including parks, structures, concept art, and illustration. Google SketchUp Workshop includes all the wide variety of projects that SketchUp can be used for-architectural visualization, landscape design, video game and film conception, and more. SketchUp masters in every field will get you up to speed in this agile and intuitive software and then show you the real uses with through projects in architecture, engineering, and design. * Packed with 16 real-world Go

  5. 论《二十四诗品》虚拟人物背后的“五然”理想人格%"Five Good" ldeal Personalities of the Virtual Characters of "Twenty-four Poems"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张猛刚

    2014-01-01

    "Taste of poetry reflects taste of life and style shows personality in the opposite way." In this sense, "Twenty-four Poems" do absolutely not mean to teach how to write poems and how to cultivate the couplet but to develop human nature to promote personality. It is the aloof personality, light life consciousness, self perfection and the acceptance of natural realization that are prominently revealed in the twenty-four kinds of mood behind the virtual figures. Those spirits have got considerable inspiration for the modern people in self-cultivation.%“诗品映衬人品,风格返现人格。”从这个意义上来说,《二十四诗品》绝对不是教我们如何作诗,如何对句,而是陶冶人的性情,求得人格上的提升。其实在二十四种意境之中,在虚拟人物背后,突出表现的是超然的人格理想、淡然的生命意识和自我完善、自然实现的精神。这对今人在修身养性方面有着极大的启示作用。

  6. Flower solid modeling based on sketches

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhan DING; Shu-chang XU; Xiu-zi YE; Yin ZHANG; San-yuan ZHANG

    2008-01-01

    In this paper we propose a method to model flowers of solid shape. Based on (Ijiri et al., 2005)'s method, we separate individual flower modeling and inflorescence modeling procedures into structure and geometry modeling. We incorporate interactive editing gestures to allow the user to edit structure parameters freely onto structure diagram. Furthermore, we use free-hand sketching techniques to allow users to create and edit 3D geometrical elements freely and easily. The final step is to automatically merge all independent 3D geometrical elements into a single waterproof mesh. Our experiments show that this solid modeling approach is promising. Using our approach, novice users can create vivid flower models easily and freely. The generated flower model is waterproof. It can have applications in visualization, animation, gaming, and toys and decorations if printed out on 3D rapid prototyping devices.

  7. More Than A SketchUp

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, Derrick D.

    2014-01-01

    This 2014 summer internship assignment at John F. Kennedy Space Center (K.S.C) was conducted with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Engineering and Technology (NE) group in support of the Control and Data Systems Division (NE-C) within the Test, Operations & Support Software Engineering Branch (NE-C2). The primary focus of this project was to assist Branch Chief Laurie B. Griffin, to support NASA's Small Payload Launch Integrated Testing Services (SPLITS) mission, by mastering the capabilities of 3-D modeling software called SketchUp. I used SketchUp to create a virtual environment for different laboratories of the NE-00 Division. My mission was to have these models uploaded into a K.S.C Partnerships Website and be used as a visual aid to viewers who browsed the site. The leads of this project were Kay L. Craig, Business and Industry Specialist (AD-A) and Steven E. Cain, (FA-C). I teamed with fellow intern Tait Sorenson of the Flight Structures and Thermal Protection Systems Branch (NE-M5) and met with many K.S.C lab managers willing to display their lab's structure and capabilities. The information collected during these lab tours was vital to the building of the K.S.C Partnerships Website. To accomplish this goal Sorenson and I later teamed with fellow Marketing intern Marlee Pereda-Ramos, of the Spaceport Planning Office In Center Planning And Development (AD-A) Along with Ramos, Tait and I toured an array of laboratories and got first hand exposure to their functions and capabilities.

  8. Representing electrons a biographical approach to theoretical entities

    CERN Document Server

    Arabatzis, Theodore

    2006-01-01

    Both a history and a metahistory, Representing Electrons focuses on the development of various theoretical representations of electrons from the late 1890s to 1925 and the methodological problems associated with writing about unobservable scientific entities. Using the electron-or rather its representation-as a historical actor, Theodore Arabatzis illustrates the emergence and gradual consolidation of its representation in physics, its career throughout old quantum theory, and its appropriation and reinterpretation by chemists. As Arabatzis develops this novel biographical

  9. The Social Representations of Soviet period in Latvian biographical discourse

    OpenAIRE

    Mārtiņš Kaprāns

    2012-01-01

    The PhD thesis demonstrates how the Latvian public biographical discourse has framed and transformed the understanding of Soviet period over the last 20 years and how these processes were influenced by autobiographers’ collective identities. The conceptual framework of the study is derived from the social representations theory that was founded at the beginning of the 1960s by French social psychologist Serge Moscovici. The empirical part of the thesis is based on three dataset...

  10. A bibliography on sketches from the computer science point of view

    OpenAIRE

    Permwall, Oskar

    1991-01-01

    A Sketch is a categorical tool for presenting theories. This is a commented bibliography on sketches and their use within some areas of computer science. References to work on sketches not primarily related to computer science are also provided.

  11. [Freud, the biography, his autobiography and his biographers].

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Mijolla, A

    1993-01-01

    Freud has a dual attitude to the biographical genre. When he places himself in the position of psychoanalyst-biographer of others, he is enthusiastic, speaking of ground to be conquered for psychoanalysis, and his works, as well as his correspondence, show that he continued to devote himself to investigations which resulted in interpretations of a number of personalities, the most detailed of which dealt with Leonardo de Vinci, Goethe, Dostoyevsky, President Wilson, and Moses. On the other hand, even though during the first years of the discovery of psychoanalysis he allowed himself, in a more or less veiled manner, confidences of an autobiographical nature, Freud remained very secretive about himself. He limited himself to making public only the routine information found on his university resume or the details of his life directly related to the discovery and the development of psychoanalysis. Hidden behind die Sache, the Cause, the man always vigorously defended himself against those who, braving the periodical destruction to which he subjected his archives, claimed to apply to him this "investigative drive" whose heuristic richness he otherwise celebrated. It is by means of fantasies of identification to the work, present in every biographical attempt, that we attempt to address here the contradictions of this dual attitude.

  12. On the Beauty of Twenty-four Poetry Style%美感体验中的三维透视--论《二十四诗品》朦胧美

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕甜

    2016-01-01

    A lot of researches have been done about the aesthetics of the Twenty-four Poetry Style for several years. The highly theoretical aesthetic researches which include framing aesthetics, thought aesthetics, ecological esthetics, poetic aesthetics and ideal aesthetics make this book more attractive. But on the other hand, some expansion exists in the aesthetic value of this book because the researchers add their aesthetic theories to the theoretic distillation of the book. In this article, the directly perceived dim beauty and the burden of dim beauty have been analyzed from the experience of the aesthetic perception, which will clearly display the beauty of the Twenty-four Poetry Style.%历年来关于《二十四诗品》的美学研究是层出不穷的,从架构美学到思想美学到生态美学到诗歌美学到理想美学等等,这种高度理论性的美学研究使得整部著作更加具有魅力性。但是这种提炼浓缩后的理论升华在无形中也附加上了论者们的美学理想,使得《二十四诗品》美学价值或多或少地存在着“膨胀”的现象。文章将从美感体验出发,旨在挖掘分析能被直接感知的朦胧美和美的朦胧负担,让《二十四诗品》的美变得更加有迹可循。

  13. Dressing and Hair-Styling Virtual Characters from a Sketch

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wither, Jamie; Cani, Marie-Paule

    This chapter presents a different use of sketch-based modeling, namely the modeling of complex objects from a single sketch, illustrated by the examples of dressing and hairstyling a virtual character. Knowing the nature of the object being modeled eases the extraction of information from a sketch, so that a single sketch depicting a front view (and optionally a second one from the back or side) is sufficient to specify these complex 3D shapes. We show how different levels of prior knowledge about the object being modeled, from basic rules of thumb to more intricate geometric or physically based properties, can be used to interpret the sketch strokes and to infer the missing 3D information, leading to different degrees of visual realism. In addition to discussing practical solutions for the sketch-based modeling of garments and hair that save several orders of magnitude of user time compared to standard 3D modeling methods, this chapter provides the basis of a general methodology towards the design of sketch-based interfaces for complex models.

  14. A Sketch Learning Support Environment that Gives Area-dependent Advice during Drawing the Sketch

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soga, Masato; Matsuda, Noriyuki; Taki, Hirokazu

    Skill, such as arts, sports and crafts, is regarded as a cycle that consists of the following three steps: recognition of objects, selection of appropriate action series and execution of the action. In arts and crafts, people produce works as a result of this cycle. Skill-learning environment should involve diagnosis-function providing appropriate advice for each step. This paper describes technique that is providing advice in real time when a learner learns recognition of drawing. To assist learners' recognition, we developed the sketch-area-dependent advising system that presents advice with voice for learners' drawing. The effectiveness of advice was confirmed through an experiment evaluating proposed technique.

  15. Application of SketchUp in architectural design%SketchUp在建筑设计中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王修贵

    2008-01-01

    从国内建筑行业实际出发,利用SketchUp软件的特点及基本功能,结合建筑设计的工作特点,全面剖析SketchUp在辅助建筑设计方面的应用,指出SketchUp软件在一定程度上提高了设计的工作效率和成果质量,值得推广使用.

  16. Mathematical Sketching: An Approach to Making Dynamic Illustrations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laviola, Joseph J.

    Mathematical sketching is a pen-based, gestural interaction paradigm for mathematics problem solving. It derives from the familiar pencil-and-paper process of drawing supporting diagrams to facilitate the formulation of mathematical expressions; however, with mathematical sketching, users can also leverage their physical intuition by watching their hand-drawn diagrams animate in response to continuous or discrete parameter changes in their written formulas. Diagram animation is driven by implicit associations that are inferred, either automatically or with gestural guidance, from mathematical expressions, diagram labels, and drawing elements. In this chapter, we discuss the important issues related to the mathematical sketching paradigm such as the development of a fluid gestural user interface, recognition of mathematical expressions, and the preparation and translation of mathematical sketches into animated illustrations.

  17. Building Hierarchical Representations for Oracle Character and Sketch Recognition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jun Guo; Changhu Wang; Roman-Rangel, Edgar; Hongyang Chao; Yong Rui

    2016-01-01

    In this paper, we study oracle character recognition and general sketch recognition. First, a data set of oracle characters, which are the oldest hieroglyphs in China yet remain a part of modern Chinese characters, is collected for analysis. Second, typical visual representations in shape- and sketch-related works are evaluated. We analyze the problems suffered when addressing these representations and determine several representation design criteria. Based on the analysis, we propose a novel hierarchical representation that combines a Gabor-related low-level representation and a sparse-encoder-related mid-level representation. Extensive experiments show the effectiveness of the proposed representation in both oracle character recognition and general sketch recognition. The proposed representation is also complementary to convolutional neural network (CNN)-based models. We introduce a solution to combine the proposed representation with CNN-based models, and achieve better performances over both approaches. This solution has beaten humans at recognizing general sketches.

  18. Aplikasi Tiga Dimensi (3D): GoogleSketchUp

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    Sketchup adalah sebuah program aplikasi komputer untuk membuat model 3 Dimensi (3-D) atas benda-benda fisik seperti gedung-gedung, peralatan rumah tangga, disain tata ruang dan sebagainya. Disain arsitektur merupakan salah satu aplikasi pemakaian SketchUp. Sebelum ada Google Building Maker, SketchUp adalah satu-satunya program aplikasi yang dipakai untuk membuat bangunan-bangunan 3-Dimensi yang anda. Sebetulnya sebelumnya sudah banyak program aplikasi pembuatan model 3-D seperti ini bered...

  19. The Role of Sketching States in the Stimulation of Idea Generation: An Eye Movement Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Lingyun; Xiang, Wei; Yang, Cheng; Yang, Zhiyuan; Lou, Yun

    2014-01-01

    Sketching is widely used in design to generate creative ideas. Design studies present stimuli during sketching to enhance creativity. This study examines the effect of stimuli presented during different sketching states, especially of those presented during the stuck period. It conducted a sketching experiment that enrolled 41 students with an…

  20. The Role of Sketching States in the Stimulation of Idea Generation: An Eye Movement Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Lingyun; Xiang, Wei; Yang, Cheng; Yang, Zhiyuan; Lou, Yun

    2014-01-01

    Sketching is widely used in design to generate creative ideas. Design studies present stimuli during sketching to enhance creativity. This study examines the effect of stimuli presented during different sketching states, especially of those presented during the stuck period. It conducted a sketching experiment that enrolled 41 students with an…

  1. Aircraft Conceptual Design Using Vehicle Sketch Pad

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fredericks, William J.; Antcliff, Kevin R.; Costa, Guillermo; Deshpande, Nachiket; Moore, Mark D.; Miguel, Edric A. San; Snyder, Alison N.

    2010-01-01

    Vehicle Sketch Pad (VSP) is a parametric geometry modeling tool that is intended for use in the conceptual design of aircraft. The intent of this software is to rapidly model aircraft configurations without expending the expertise and time that is typically required for modeling with traditional Computer Aided Design (CAD) packages. VSP accomplishes this by using parametrically defined components, such as a wing that is defined by span, area, sweep, taper ratio, thickness to cord, and so on. During this phase of frequent design builds, changes to the model can be rapidly visualized along with the internal volumetric layout. Using this geometry-based approach, parameters such as wetted areas and cord lengths can be easily extracted for rapid external performance analyses, such as a parasite drag buildup. At the completion of the conceptual design phase, VSP can export its geometry to higher fidelity tools. This geometry tool was developed by NASA and is freely available to U.S. companies and universities. It has become integral to conceptual design in the Aeronautics Systems Analysis Branch (ASAB) here at NASA Langley Research Center and is currently being used at over 100 universities, aerospace companies, and other government agencies. This paper focuses on the use of VSP in recent NASA conceptual design studies to facilitate geometry-centered design methodology. Such a process is shown to promote greater levels of creativity, more rapid assessment of critical design issues, and improved ability to quickly interact with higher order analyses. A number of VSP vehicle model examples are compared to CAD-based conceptual design, from a designer perspective; comparisons are also made of the time and expertise required to build the geometry representations as well.

  2. An introduction to the biographical narrative interpretive method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corbally, Melissa; O'Neill, Catherine S

    2014-05-01

    To introduce the biographical narrative interpretive method (BNIM) to nurse researchers in search of a new methodology and method. Listening to and interpreting the narratives of patients is a core feature of nursing. Research methodologies and methods frequently do not fully take into account the historical, psycho-social and biographical dynamics of people's lives. This paper draws from the experiences of both authors who have previously utilised the BNIM method, as well as sourcing relevant literature. This is a methodology paper that reviews the historical context of BNIM and provides an overview of its potential application for nursing research. Discussion The core assumptions and analytic strategy of BNIM focus on three inter-related facets: the person's whole life history or story (biography), how they tell it (narrative) and the social interpretation (interpretive). BNIM uses a unique interviewing technique to elicit an uninterrupted story from participants. The BNIM analytic tool is formulaic and uses nine stages to analyse individual cases. A tenth stage helps with analysis across cases. BNIM methodology and methods empower participants to articulate the vicissitudes of their life and experiences of illness while also providing the researcher with a framework for data analysis and interpretation to give meaning to individuals' life stories. The BNIM interview technique and analytic framework are useful tools to help with an in-depth qualitative exploration of life stories in context.

  3. Grade point average and biographical data in personal resumes: predictors of finding employment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sulastri, A.; Handoko, M.; Janssens, J.M.A.M.

    2015-01-01

    This study aimed to examine relationships between graduates' grade point average (GPA), biographical data and success in finding a job in general and a psychology-based job in particular. Two hundred six psychology graduates participated in a two-wave longitudinal study. Biographical data assessed w

  4. Grade point average and biographical data in personal resumes: predictors of finding employment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sulastri, A.; Handoko, M.; Janssens, J.M.A.M.

    2015-01-01

    This study aimed to examine relationships between graduates' grade point average (GPA), biographical data and success in finding a job in general and a psychology-based job in particular. Two hundred six psychology graduates participated in a two-wave longitudinal study. Biographical data assessed w

  5. Geoillustrator - fast sketching of geological illustrations and animations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patel, Daniel; Langeland, Tor; Solteszova, Veronika

    2014-05-01

    We present our research results in the Geoillustrator project. The project has been going for four years and is ending in March. It was aimed at developing a rapid sketching tool for generating geological illustrations and animations for understanding the processes that have led to a current subsurface configuration. The sketching tool facilitates effective dissemination of ideas, e.g. through generation of interactive geo-scientific illustrations for interdisciplinary communication and communication to decision makers, media and lay persons. This can improve work processes in early phases of oil and gas exploration where critical decisions have to be taken based on limited information. It is a challenge for involved specialists in early exploration phases to externalize their ideas, and effectively achieve consensus in multidisciplinary working groups. In these work processes, a tool for rapid sketching of geology would be very useful for expressing geological hypotheses and creating and comparing different evolution scenarios. Often, decisions are influenced by factors that are not relevant, e.g. the geologists who produce the most polished illustrations of their hypothesis have a higher probability for getting their theories through to decision makers as it is more clearly communicated. This results in a competitive advantage for geologists who are skilled in creating illustrations. Having a tool that would lift the ability of all geologists to express their ideas to an equal level would result in more alternatives and better foundation for decision making. Digital sketching will also allow capturing otherwise lost material which can constitute a large amount of mental work and ideas. The results of sketching are currently scrapped as paper or erased from the blackboard or exist only as rough personal sketches. By using a digital sketching tool, the sketches can be exported to a form usable in modelling tools used in later phases of exploration. Currently, no

  6. Biotype identification and epidemiological analysis of twenty-four Brucella strains%24株布鲁菌的种型鉴定和流行病学分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张磊; 屈平华; 吴尚为; 陈经雕

    2016-01-01

    Objective To identify the biotype and analyze the epidemiological characteristics of twentyfour Brurella strains from the primary hospitals in Guangdong Province.Methods The twenty-four Brucella strains,collected from Oct.2009 to Oct.2015,were identified by routine biochemical methods,VITEK 2 COMPACT automatic microbial identification analyzer,16S rRNA gene sequencing and biology phenotype based on serological and bacteriophages lysis test.The etiology was analyzed based on clinical data,biotypes of the isolates and other clinical information.Results All of the twenty-four strains were Gram-negative coccobacilli,including two strains of Brucella suis biotype Ⅱ,four strains of Brucella melitensis biotype Ⅰ and eighteen strains of Brucella melitensis biotype Ⅲ.By GN card of VITEK 2 COMPACT automatic microbial identification analyzer,one strain was mistaken as Bordetella bronchiseptica and two strains were mistaken as Ochrobaetrum anthropi.The 16S rRNA gene sequencing showed they were high homology to Ochrobactrum intermedium and Ochrobaetrum anthropi,which completely excluded the possibility of Bordetella bronchiseptica.Tbe clinical data showed that all of the twenty-four patients were adults with an average age of 49.0 years old,men and women were twelve people respectively,with no significant gender differences and no occupational exposure,which presenting a wide and diverse range of nonspecific clinical signs and symptoms,but brucellosis was not aware of by the physician.Conclusion Brucella melitensis biotype Ⅲ is the main pathogen of brucellosis,with the characteristics of sporadic outbreak and occult infection in the primary hospitals in Guangdong Province.%目的 对广东省基层地区24株布鲁菌进行种型鉴定和流行病学分析.方法 对24株来自于2009年10月至2015年10月广东省基层医院血培养阳性的布鲁菌进行传统生化鉴定、VITEK 2仪器鉴定、16S rRNA基因测序、血清学试验和噬菌体试验,比较不

  7. Matrix sketching for big data reduction (Conference Presentation)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ezekiel, Soundararajan; Giansiracusa, Michael

    2017-05-01

    Abstract: In recent years, the concept of Big Data has become a more prominent issue as the volume of data as well as the velocity in which it is produced exponentially increases. By 2020 the amount of data being stored is estimated to be 44 Zettabytes and currently over 31 Terabytes of data is being generated every second. Algorithms and applications must be able to effectively scale to the volume of data being generated. One such application designed to effectively and efficiently work with Big Data is IBM's Skylark. Part of DARPA's XDATA program, an open-source catalog of tools to deal with Big Data; Skylark, or Sketching-based Matrix Computations for Machine Learning is a library of functions designed to reduce the complexity of large scale matrix problems that also implements kernel-based machine learning tasks. Sketching reduces the dimensionality of matrices through randomization and compresses matrices while preserving key properties, speeding up computations. Matrix sketches can be used to find accurate solutions to computations in less time, or can summarize data by identifying important rows and columns. In this paper, we investigate the effectiveness of sketched matrix computations using IBM's Skylark versus non-sketched computations. We judge effectiveness based on several factors: computational complexity and validity of outputs. Initial results from testing with smaller matrices are promising, showing that Skylark has a considerable reduction ratio while still accurately performing matrix computations.

  8. Comprehending 3D Diagrams: Sketching to Support Spatial Reasoning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gagnier, Kristin M; Atit, Kinnari; Ormand, Carol J; Shipley, Thomas F

    2016-11-25

    Science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) disciplines commonly illustrate 3D relationships in diagrams, yet these are often challenging for students. Failing to understand diagrams can hinder success in STEM because scientific practice requires understanding and creating diagrammatic representations. We explore a new approach to improving student understanding of diagrams that convey 3D relations that is based on students generating their own predictive diagrams. Participants' comprehension of 3D spatial diagrams was measured in a pre- and post-design where students selected the correct 2D slice through 3D geologic block diagrams. Generating sketches that predicated the internal structure of a model led to greater improvement in diagram understanding than visualizing the interior of the model without sketching, or sketching the model without attempting to predict unseen spatial relations. In addition, we found a positive correlation between sketched diagram accuracy and improvement on the diagram comprehension measure. Results suggest that generating a predictive diagram facilitates students' abilities to make inferences about spatial relationships in diagrams. Implications for use of sketching in supporting STEM learning are discussed.

  9. Generating Graphs for Visual Analytics through Interactive Sketching

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wong, Pak C.; Foote, Harlan P.; Mackey, Patrick S.; Perrine, Kenneth A.; Chin, George

    2006-11-17

    We introduce an interactive graph generator, GreenSketch, designed to facilitate the creation of descriptive graphs required for different visual analytics tasks. The human-centric design approach of GreenSketch enables users to master the creation process without specific training or prior knowledge of graph model theory. The customized user interface encourages users to gain insight into the connection between the compact matrix representation and the topology of a graph layout when they sketch their graphs. Both the human-enforced and machine-generated randomnesses supported by GreenSketch provide the flexibility needed to address the uncertainty factor in many analytical tasks. This paper describes over two dozen examples that cover a wide variety of graph creations from a single line of nodes to a real-life small-world network that describes a snapshot of telephone connections. While the discussion focuses mainly on the design of GreenSketch, we include a case study that applies the technology in a visual analytics environment and a usability study that evaluates the strengths and weaknesses of our design approach.

  10. Bio-inspired color sketch for eco-friendly printing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Safonov, Ilia V.; Tolstaya, Ekaterina V.; Rychagov, Michael N.; Lee, Hokeun; Kim, Sang Ho; Choi, Donchul

    2012-01-01

    Saving of toner/ink consumption is an important task in modern printing devices. It has a positive ecological and social impact. We propose technique for converting print-job pictures to a recognizable and pleasant color sketches. Drawing a "pencil sketch" from a photo relates to a special area in image processing and computer graphics - non-photorealistic rendering. We describe a new approach for automatic sketch generation which allows to create well-recognizable sketches and to preserve partly colors of the initial picture. Our sketches contain significantly less color dots then initial images and this helps to save toner/ink. Our bio-inspired approach is based on sophisticated edge detection technique for a mask creation and multiplication of source image with increased contrast by this mask. To construct the mask we use DoG edge detection, which is a result of blending of initial image with its blurred copy through the alpha-channel, which is created from Saliency Map according to Pre-attentive Human Vision model. Measurement of percentage of saved toner and user study proves effectiveness of proposed technique for toner saving in eco-friendly printing mode.

  11. [The dual condemnation of Gramsci. A tentative biographical interpretation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rudas, N

    1991-01-01

    This study proposes a "biographical" approach using a particular heuristic method. The structure of an important and significant letter written by Gramsci while in prison is analysed in this light. This interpretation leads us to the conclusion that, at the time of writing, Gramsci was in full possession of all his mental faculties, although worried by his long imprisonment and smitten by a profound disillusion as a result of the deformation of the "socialist" system. The victim of a "dual seclusion", he was not only able to make an exhaustive analysis of the situation, but in a certain sense he also succeeded in predicting the tragic events which were taking shape on the historical-political horizon of the world to which he belonged.

  12. Biographical reconstruction of WWII experience: an exploration of German remembrance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lohmann, R; Heuft, G

    1997-01-01

    First results of the Eldermensch-Study (N = 50) indicate that German National Socialism and the historical events associated with World War II play a central role in the oral histories of older Germans. Six distinct patterns of late life cognitive appraisal of war-time experience: survival challenge (further divided into "active" and "passive" survivorship), passive benefit, opportunism, value verification, and acceptance despite hardship are presented and discussed as structural themes in the life story. These categories not only represent interindividual differences in the appraisal of war-time experience, but often reflect contrasting patterns of personal response to the social and political circumstances of this era of German history. In addition to cohort and gender differences, divergence in locus of control orientation as well as the role of social bonding and instrumental social support are discussed. Differences revealed in the biographical interviews are further reflected in the results of standardized questionnaires.

  13. [Alexander Pushkin's duel--biographic and medical aspects].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tangen, J M

    2000-04-10

    The great Russian poet Aleksandr Pushkin (1799-1837) died 46 hours after being wounded by a pistol shot in a duel. The bullet penetrated the right pelvic bone, continued through the lower abdomen, and crushed the right part of the sacral bone. Biographical events leading to the duel are presented in the article, which also reviews articles in Russian medical journals describing the extent of the trauma and discussing the treatment possibilities at the time of the duel as well as present-day treatment. It is concluded that death was caused by peritonitis and that only modern extensive abdominal and orthopaedic surgery combined with antibiotic treatment could have saved the poet's life.

  14. Teaching and Learning Structural Geology Using SketchUp

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rey, Patrice

    2017-04-01

    The books and maps we read, the posters we pin on our walls, the TV sets and computer monitors we spend hours watching, the white (or black) boards we use to teach, all reduce our world into planar images. As a result, and through years of oblivious practice, our brain is conditioned to understand the world in two dimensions (2D) only. As structural geologists, we know that the most challenging aspect of teaching and learning structural geology is that we need to be able to mentally manipulate 2D and three-dimensional (3D) objects. Although anyone can learn through practice the art of spatial visualisation, the fact remains that the initial stages of learning structural geology are for many students very challenging, as we naively use 2D images to teach 3D concepts. While interactive 3D holography is not far away, some inexpensive tools already exist allowing us to generate interactive computer images, the free rotation, scaling and manipulation of which can help students to quickly grasp the geometry and internal architecture of 3D objects. Recently, I have experimented with SketchUp (works on Mac and Windows). SketchUp was initially released in 2000 by @Last Software, as a 3D modelling tool for architects, designers and filmmakers. It was acquired by Google in 2006 to further the development of GoogleEarth. Google released SketchUp for free, and provided a portal named 3D Warehouse for users to share their models. Google sold SketchUp to Trimble Navigation in 2012, which added Extension Warehouse for users to distribute add-ons. SketchUp models can be exported in a number of formats including .dae (digital asset exchange) useful to embed interactive 3D models into iBooks and html5 documents, and .kmz (keyhole markup language zipped) to embed interactive 3D models and cross-sections into GoogleEarth. SketchUp models can be exported into 3D pdf through the add-on SimLab, and .stl for 3D printing through the add-on SketchUp STL. A free licence is available for

  15. Auditory Sketches: Very Sparse Representations of Sounds Are Still Recognizable.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vincent Isnard

    Full Text Available Sounds in our environment like voices, animal calls or musical instruments are easily recognized by human listeners. Understanding the key features underlying this robust sound recognition is an important question in auditory science. Here, we studied the recognition by human listeners of new classes of sounds: acoustic and auditory sketches, sounds that are severely impoverished but still recognizable. Starting from a time-frequency representation, a sketch is obtained by keeping only sparse elements of the original signal, here, by means of a simple peak-picking algorithm. Two time-frequency representations were compared: a biologically grounded one, the auditory spectrogram, which simulates peripheral auditory filtering, and a simple acoustic spectrogram, based on a Fourier transform. Three degrees of sparsity were also investigated. Listeners were asked to recognize the category to which a sketch sound belongs: singing voices, bird calls, musical instruments, and vehicle engine noises. Results showed that, with the exception of voice sounds, very sparse representations of sounds (10 features, or energy peaks, per second could be recognized above chance. No clear differences could be observed between the acoustic and the auditory sketches. For the voice sounds, however, a completely different pattern of results emerged, with at-chance or even below-chance recognition performances, suggesting that the important features of the voice, whatever they are, were removed by the sketch process. Overall, these perceptual results were well correlated with a model of auditory distances, based on spectro-temporal excitation patterns (STEPs. This study confirms the potential of these new classes of sounds, acoustic and auditory sketches, to study sound recognition.

  16. Auditory Sketches: Very Sparse Representations of Sounds Are Still Recognizable.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Isnard, Vincent; Taffou, Marine; Viaud-Delmon, Isabelle; Suied, Clara

    2016-01-01

    Sounds in our environment like voices, animal calls or musical instruments are easily recognized by human listeners. Understanding the key features underlying this robust sound recognition is an important question in auditory science. Here, we studied the recognition by human listeners of new classes of sounds: acoustic and auditory sketches, sounds that are severely impoverished but still recognizable. Starting from a time-frequency representation, a sketch is obtained by keeping only sparse elements of the original signal, here, by means of a simple peak-picking algorithm. Two time-frequency representations were compared: a biologically grounded one, the auditory spectrogram, which simulates peripheral auditory filtering, and a simple acoustic spectrogram, based on a Fourier transform. Three degrees of sparsity were also investigated. Listeners were asked to recognize the category to which a sketch sound belongs: singing voices, bird calls, musical instruments, and vehicle engine noises. Results showed that, with the exception of voice sounds, very sparse representations of sounds (10 features, or energy peaks, per second) could be recognized above chance. No clear differences could be observed between the acoustic and the auditory sketches. For the voice sounds, however, a completely different pattern of results emerged, with at-chance or even below-chance recognition performances, suggesting that the important features of the voice, whatever they are, were removed by the sketch process. Overall, these perceptual results were well correlated with a model of auditory distances, based on spectro-temporal excitation patterns (STEPs). This study confirms the potential of these new classes of sounds, acoustic and auditory sketches, to study sound recognition.

  17. From Pen-and-Paper Sketches to Prototypes: The Advanced Interaction Design Environment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Störrle, Harald

    2014-01-01

    Pen and paper is still the best tool for sketching GUIs. How-ever, sketches cannot be executed, at best we have facilitated or animated scenarios. The Advanced User Interaction Environment facilitates turn-ing hand-drawn sketches into executable prototypes.......Pen and paper is still the best tool for sketching GUIs. How-ever, sketches cannot be executed, at best we have facilitated or animated scenarios. The Advanced User Interaction Environment facilitates turn-ing hand-drawn sketches into executable prototypes....

  18. High-dose statin pretreatment decreases periprocedural myocardial infarction and cardiovascular events in patients undergoing elective percutaneous coronary intervention: a meta-analysis of twenty-four randomized controlled trials.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Le Wang

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that high-dose statin pretreatment may reduce the risk of periprocedural myocardial infarction (PMI and major adverse cardiac events (MACE for certain patients; however, previous analyses have not considered patients with a history of statin maintenance treatment. In this meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs, we reevaluated the efficacy of short-term high-dose statin pretreatment to prevent PMI and MACE in an expanded set of patients undergoing elective percutaneous coronary intervention. METHODS: We searched the PubMed/Medline database for RCTs that compared high-dose statin pretreatment with no statin or low-dose statin pretreatment as a prevention of PMI and MACE. We evaluated the incidence of PMI and MACE, including death, spontaneous myocardial infarction, and target vessel revascularization at the longest follow-up for each study for subgroups stratified by disease classification and prior low-dose statin treatment. RESULTS: Twenty-four RCTs with a total of 5,526 patients were identified. High-dose statin pretreatment was associated with 59% relative reduction in PMI (odds ratio [OR]: 0.41; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.34-0.49; P<0.00001 and 39% relative reduction in MACE (OR: 0.61; 95% CI: 0.45-0.83; P = 0.002. The benefit of high-dose statin pretreatment on MACE was significant for statin-naive patients (OR: 0.69; 95% CI: 0.50-0.95; P = 0.02 and prior low dose statin-treated patients (OR: 0.28; 95% CI: 0.12-0.65; P = 0.003; and for patients with acute coronary syndrome (OR: 0.52; 95% CI: 0.34-0.79; P = 0.003, but not for patients with stable angina (OR: 0.71; 95% CI 0.45-1.10; P = 0.12. Long-term effects on survival were less obvious. CONCLUSIONS: High-dose statin pretreatment can result in a significant reduction in PMI and MACE for patients undergoing elective PCI. The positive effect of high-dose statin pretreatment on PMI and MACE is significant for statin-naïve patients and patients

  19. High-Dose Statin Pretreatment Decreases Periprocedural Myocardial Infarction and Cardiovascular Events in Patients Undergoing Elective Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: A Meta-Analysis of Twenty-Four Randomized Controlled Trials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Le; Peng, Pingan; Zhang, Ou; Xu, Xiaohan; Yang, Shiwei; Zhao, Yingxin; Zhou, Yujie

    2014-01-01

    Background Evidence suggests that high-dose statin pretreatment may reduce the risk of periprocedural myocardial infarction (PMI) and major adverse cardiac events (MACE) for certain patients; however, previous analyses have not considered patients with a history of statin maintenance treatment. In this meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs), we reevaluated the efficacy of short-term high-dose statin pretreatment to prevent PMI and MACE in an expanded set of patients undergoing elective percutaneous coronary intervention. Methods We searched the PubMed/Medline database for RCTs that compared high-dose statin pretreatment with no statin or low-dose statin pretreatment as a prevention of PMI and MACE. We evaluated the incidence of PMI and MACE, including death, spontaneous myocardial infarction, and target vessel revascularization at the longest follow-up for each study for subgroups stratified by disease classification and prior low-dose statin treatment. Results Twenty-four RCTs with a total of 5,526 patients were identified. High-dose statin pretreatment was associated with 59% relative reduction in PMI (odds ratio [OR]: 0.41; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.34–0.49; Pstatin pretreatment on MACE was significant for statin-naive patients (OR: 0.69; 95% CI: 0.50–0.95; P = 0.02) and prior low dose statin-treated patients (OR: 0.28; 95% CI: 0.12–0.65; P = 0.003); and for patients with acute coronary syndrome (OR: 0.52; 95% CI: 0.34–0.79; P = 0.003), but not for patients with stable angina (OR: 0.71; 95% CI 0.45–1.10; P = 0.12). Long-term effects on survival were less obvious. Conclusions High-dose statin pretreatment can result in a significant reduction in PMI and MACE for patients undergoing elective PCI. The positive effect of high-dose statin pretreatment on PMI and MACE is significant for statin-naïve patients and patients with prior treatment. The positive effect of high-dose statin pretreatment on MACE is significant for

  20. Investigating User Experiences Through Animation-based Sketching

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vistisen, Peter; Poulsen, Søren Bolvig

    2016-01-01

    This paper discusses the use of animation-based sketching as an approach to explore diegetic designs in the fuzzy front-end ideation of the design process. We present the results from a design workshop with more than 200 partic- ipating design students, and 16 companies. The participants used...

  1. The Role of Mental Models in Collaborative Sketching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiang, Wei; Sun, Lingyun; Chen, Shi; Yang, Zhiyuan; Liu, Zheng

    2015-01-01

    Designers often collaborate to explore creative ideas, especially during the early stages of conceptual design, and their mental models, as the framework of design tasks, greatly influence the collaborative sketching process. Such models have multiple kinds of differences and each kind might have unique effects, yet previous studies analyzed these…

  2. The Wise Fool Djuha – a Quick Sketch

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    George Grigore

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper entitled The wise fool Djuha – a quick sketch presents the origin of the very known hero of Arabic folk literature, Djuha, the features of his personality, his travel to the all cultures of the world, his relation with another character, the Turk Nasreddin Hodja, and his adaptation to the problems of the contemporary world.

  3. Efficient estimation for high similarities using odd sketches

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mitzenmacher, Michael; Pagh, Rasmus; Pham, Ninh Dang

    2014-01-01

    . This means that Odd Sketches provide a highly space-efficient estimator for sets of high similarity, which is relevant in applications such as web duplicate detection, collaborative filtering, and association rule learning. The method extends to weighted Jaccard similarity, relevant e.g. for TF-IDF vector...

  4. The Role of Mental Models in Collaborative Sketching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiang, Wei; Sun, Lingyun; Chen, Shi; Yang, Zhiyuan; Liu, Zheng

    2015-01-01

    Designers often collaborate to explore creative ideas, especially during the early stages of conceptual design, and their mental models, as the framework of design tasks, greatly influence the collaborative sketching process. Such models have multiple kinds of differences and each kind might have unique effects, yet previous studies analyzed these…

  5. A Biographical Sketch of Bo Yi who is Forefather of Qin People%秦人先祖伯益事迹考略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    雍际春; 王宏谋

    2014-01-01

    Bo Yi ,was also named as Da Fei after the myth bird worshipped in his tribal society .He is the forefather of the people surnamed Ying .Bo Yi lived through the three prehistoric dynasties of China :Yao , Shun and Yu ,while he only took office in the latter two dynasties as the official in charge of national re-sources management .During his lifetime ,he dedicated himself to the public works of water network con-trol ,and assisted Emperor Yu to appease the riots of San Miao tribes .Bo Yi specialized in fletching , schaft sinking and forecasting the harvest of the coming year .He advocated that the society be governed by the highest measure of law and morality ,and he supported the public policies catering for the needs of the rank and file .For his outstanding contribution ,Bo Yi was appointed as successor of Emperor Yu ,but he was murdered by Xia Qi ,a son of Yu .Bo Yi had three fieds :Fei ,Ying and Qin .Among them ,Fei was the place where his tribe originally inhabited .Ying was the fief which surnamed his people and Qin became the very land that the offspring of the Qin people thrived on .%伯益本名大费,为嬴姓之祖,其名号与本部族玄鸟崇拜有关。伯益历事尧、舜、禹三朝,事迹主要在舜、禹两朝。其事迹主要有佐禹平治水土,担任朕虞执掌山林川泽,佐禹平三苗之乱,长于占岁、凿井和造箭,提倡德治法度、主张勤政爱民等五个方面。伯益因功勋卓著而成为大禹选定的继承人,但后被大禹之子夏启所杀。伯益曾获三个封地:“费”为伯益固有居地,“嬴”乃伯益获姓受封之地,“秦”为最后所封之地。嬴秦先祖历史由伯益而展开。

  6. Congratulation to Professor Renyuan Qian on the Occasion of His 80th Birthday——Biographic Sketch of Professor Renyuan Qian

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1997-01-01

    @@ Renyuan Qian was born on September 19, 1917 in Changshu, Jiangsu province.He graduated from the Chemistry Department of Zhejiang University in 1939. In the year of 1943, he went to the United States to take postgraduate studies mainly in the University of Wisconsin.

  7. Congratulations to Professor He Binglin on the Occasion of His 80th Birthday——Biographic Sketch of Professor He Binglin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1998-01-01

    @@ He Binglin was born on August 24, 1918 in Fanyu County, Guangdong Province.He graduated from the Chemistry Department of Southwest Associated University in 1942. After graduation he worked in Chongqing Central Institute of Industry for one year as an assistant engineer and then returned to his Alma Mater University worked as an assistant. In the year 1947 he went to the United States for advanced study. He was conferred the title of Ph.D. of Chemistry of Indiana University in 1952.

  8. THE OLIGARCH AND THE PAINTBRUSHES: A BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH OF ANDREU GARCIA, PRIEST = EL OLIGARCA Y LOS PINCELES: BREVE SEMBLANZA DEL PRESBÍTERO ANDREU GARCÍA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Encarna Montero Tortajada

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available The documents regarding the Valencian priest Andreu Garcia († November 1452 show a quite interesting character. Garcia’s family belonged to local oligarchy. Moreover, he had a substantial income related with the Cathedral. He had contact, too, with Carthusians, Observant Friars and probably with Beghards (the books of his library suggest this last idea. Garcia took part, as an intermediary or as a sponsor, in many artistic orders that involved the best workers and the best customers of the city. Besides, he had a strong relationship with painters like Simó Llobregat, Jaume Mateu, Gonçal Sarrià and Joan Reixac. The priest could also have practiced painting, judging by the belongings that were found in his house after his death.La documentación referida al presbítero valenciano Andreu Garcia, muerto en noviembre de 1452, dibuja un perfil bien particular. Garcia fue miembro desde su nacimiento de la oligarquía ciudadana. Presbítero beneficiado en la Catedral, se relacionó también con la orden cartujana, con los franciscanos observantes y probablemente con los beguinos (los títulos de su biblioteca apuntan también a una espiritualidad afín a estos grupos. Además, participó como mediador o como promotor en muchos encargos que implicaron a lo más granado de la menestralía artística local, y a los clientes más notables de la ciudad. Más allá de esto, mantuvo fuertes vínculos personales con varios artistas (sobre todo con Simó Llobregat, Jaume Mateu, Gonçal Sarrià y Joan Reixac, y parece ser que practicó él mismo la pintura, a juzgar por los enseres que se encontraron en su domicilio tras su muerte.

  9. RDF SKETCH MAPS - KNOWLEDGE COMPLEXITY REDUCTION FOR PRECISION MEDICINE ANALYTICS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thanintorn, Nattapon; Wang, Juexin; Ersoy, Ilker; Al-Taie, Zainab; Jiang, Yuexu; Wang, Duolin; Verma, Megha; Joshi, Trupti; Hammer, Richard; Xu, Dong; Shin, Dmitriy

    2016-01-01

    Realization of precision medicine ideas requires significant research effort to be able to spot subtle differences in complex diseases at the molecular level to develop personalized therapies. It is especially important in many cases of highly heterogeneous cancers. Precision diagnostics and therapeutics of such diseases demands interrogation of vast amounts of biological knowledge coupled with novel analytic methodologies. For instance, pathway-based approaches can shed light on the way tumorigenesis takes place in individual patient cases and pinpoint to novel drug targets. However, comprehensive analysis of hundreds of pathways and thousands of genes creates a combinatorial explosion, that is challenging for medical practitioners to handle at the point of care. Here we extend our previous work on mapping clinical omics data to curated Resource Description Framework (RDF) knowledge bases to derive influence diagrams of interrelationships of biomarker proteins, diseases and signal transduction pathways for personalized theranostics. We present RDF Sketch Maps - a computational method to reduce knowledge complexity for precision medicine analytics. The method of RDF Sketch Maps is inspired by the way a sketch artist conveys only important visual information and discards other unnecessary details. In our case, we compute and retain only so-called RDF Edges - places with highly important diagnostic and therapeutic information. To do this we utilize 35 maps of human signal transduction pathways by transforming 300 KEGG maps into highly processable RDF knowledge base. We have demonstrated potential clinical utility of RDF Sketch Maps in hematopoietic cancers, including analysis of pathways associated with Hairy Cell Leukemia (HCL) and Chronic Myeloid Leukemia (CML) where we achieved up to 20-fold reduction in the number of biological entities to be analyzed, while retaining most likely important entities. In experiments with pathways associated with HCL a generated RDF

  10. Role of biographical experience and bodily sensations in patients' adaptation to hypertension

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sångren, H; Reventlow, S; Hetlevik, I

    2009-01-01

    abilities. Patients gradually adopted behaviour and attitudes to reduce their risk of cardiovascular disease. CONCLUSION: A diagnosis of hypertension constitutes a biographical disruption and has an impact on daily life. Patients' adaptation to hypertension combines biographical and bodily experiences......OBJECTIVE: To explore patients' adaptation to hypertension and to describe its impact on their sense of body, biographical experience, approach to life and daily activities. METHODS: A qualitative interview study with nine men and eight women (age: 35-50 years) with hypertension from four general...... practices in Denmark. The informants differed in type and duration of treatment. RESULTS: Adaptation to hypertension was influenced by the patients' biographical experiences and involved changes in body perception. The process affected patients' daily activities and they actively tested their physical...

  11. "Life in Brackets": Biographical Uncertainties of HIV-Positive Women in South Africa

    OpenAIRE

    Burchardt, Marian

    2010-01-01

    As South Africa is witnessing a maturing AIDS epidemic, the experience and impact of the disease are written ever more firmly into the biographical self-constructions of the infected. In this article, I explore typical strategies of dealing with uncertainties arising from new challenges, after the shock of ontological insecurity ensuing from the diagnosis, has been overcome. The analysis is based on contrasting interpretations of problem-centered biographical interviews with HIV-positive Sout...

  12. Virology Experts in the Boundary Zone Between Science, Policy and the Public: A Biographical Analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Rijswoud, E. van

    2010-01-01

    This article aims to open up the biographical black box of three experts working in the boundary zone between science, policy and public debate. A biographical-narrative approach is used to analyse the roles played by the virologists Albert Osterhaus, Roel Coutinho and Jaap Goudsmit in policy and public debate. These figures were among the few leading virologists visibly active in the Netherlands during the revival of infectious diseases in the 1980s. Osterhaus and Coutinho in particular are ...

  13. Using biographical research to understand experiences of crisis among homeless people in Croatia

    OpenAIRE

    Šikić-Mićanović, Lynette

    2013-01-01

    This article attempts to show how biographical research can be used to understand experiences of crisis among homeless people and how their personal biographies uncover different contexts and processes. Following an overview of biographical research, an analysis of the post-transition period and homelessness will be discussed. ' is article specifically explores and traces the social transformations and crises in personal biographies obtained through ethnographic research with people who sl...

  14. A BIOGRAPHICAL STUDY OF ISAMBARD KINGDOM BRUNEL AS INSIGHT INTO ENTREPRENEURIAL MARKETING ENDEAVOUR

    OpenAIRE

    IAN FILLIS; RUTH HERMAN

    2005-01-01

    This paper focuses on a biographical approach to entrepreneurial marketing research. Conventional research methodologies such as in-depth interview and questionnaires have a range of advantages, disadvantages and bias. Biographical research can result in the generation of longitudinal data which can be triangulated with data and theory from these more conventional approaches in order to enhance understanding of entrepreneurial marketing behaviour. In marketing, formal prescriptions of stepwis...

  15. Towards establishing biographical and business background profiles of entrepreneurs from two ethnic and gender groups

    OpenAIRE

    J. L. Schutte; A. B. Boshoff; H. F. Bennett

    1995-01-01

    The literature on the biographical backgrounds of entrepreneurs seems to contain many contradictory findings. This situation can partly be due to the assumption that samples of entrepreneurs were homogeneous rather than heterogeneous. It appears as if female entrepreneurs have been less well researched than their male counterparts. Differences in the biographical backgrounds and business situation of, respectively, the white and the black entrepreneurs in South Africa have been assumed but li...

  16. LE PARENT BIOGRAPHE. ÉTUDE DES ECRITURES PARENTALES ET JOURNAUX DE NAISSANCE. PARENT BIOGRAPHERS. FAMILY SCRIPTURES AND BIRTH DIARIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francis, Véronique

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Cet article examine les écritures parentales autour de la naissance et de la prime enfance. Bribes biographiques ou énoncés développés accompagnant ou non la photographie, ces écrits peuvent s’insérer dans les rubriques d’un journal de naissance du secteur de l’édition, être archivés dans un cahier au nom de l’enfant ou s’afficher sur Internet grâce au support électronique du blog. Plusieurs études qualitatives (FRANCIS, 2006, 2007, 2010 ont permis de croiser différents types de données : la structure et l’organisation de journaux de naissance, les textes réalisés par les futurs parents et parents, ainsi que des entretiens réalisés auprès des familles - parents et enfants - ayant pour objectif d’aborder les pratiques familiales autour de ces objets. Les résultats montrent que les écritures parentales donnent à voir des représentations sur la famille, l’enfance et le rôle du parent. A la frontière des « écritures du moi » et des « écrits pour autrui » (SIMONET-TENANT, 2001 ; LEJEUNE et BOGAERT, 2006 les journaux de naissance peuvent être définis comme des objets à connotation mémorielle. Ils sont l’occasion d’activités langagières qui cherchent, dans un premier temps, à fixer par l’écrit et l’image l’histoire familiale puis, dans un second temps, à évoquer et transmettre la mémoire familiale. Si l’étude des pratiques familiales autour des blogs et journaux de naissance souligne les figures du parent biographe (FRANCIS, 2006 et le rôle de l’enfant, elle situe également l’activité biographique du parent dans son ampleur socialisatrice.This paper examines the parental writings about birth and infancy. Biographic fragments or texts, with or without photographies, can fit into the sections of a baby record book. They can also be archived in babies’ diaries or on the Internet, in the family’s blog. Several qualitative researches (FRANCIS, 2006, 2007, 2010 cross various

  17. Context, Experience, Expectation, and Action—Towards an Empirically Grounded, General Model for Analyzing Biographical Uncertainty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Herwig Reiter

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The article proposes a general, empirically grounded model for analyzing biographical uncertainty. The model is based on findings from a qualitative-explorative study of transforming meanings of unemployment among young people in post-Soviet Lithuania. In a first step, the particular features of the uncertainty puzzle in post-communist youth transitions are briefly discussed. A historical event like the collapse of state socialism in Europe, similar to the recent financial and economic crisis, is a generator of uncertainty par excellence: it undermines the foundations of societies and the taken-for-grantedness of related expectations. Against this background, the case of a young woman and how she responds to the novel threat of unemployment in the transition to the world of work is introduced. Her uncertainty management in the specific time perspective of certainty production is then conceptually rephrased by distinguishing three types or levels of biographical uncertainty: knowledge, outcome, and recognition uncertainty. Biographical uncertainty, it is argued, is empirically observable through the analysis of acting and projecting at the biographical level. The final part synthesizes the empirical findings and the conceptual discussion into a stratification model of biographical uncertainty as a general tool for the biographical analysis of uncertainty phenomena. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs100120

  18. A comparison of leadership styles with respect to biographical characteristics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javad Afshari

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Research purpose: Managers, when applying their leadership styles, are affected by some of their own traits. This article intends to compare the leadership styles of the managers of Zabol University of Medical Sciences with respect to Hersey and Blanchard model that was based on their biographical characteristics.Research design, approach and method: The research methodology is descriptive-causal and comparative. The data were collected from 300 individuals (124 female and 176 male participants.Main findings: No significant difference was observed between the directive, persuasive, participative and delegative leadership styles of male and female managers. However, there was a significant difference between the mean of the directive, persuasive, participative and delegative leadership styles of managers, considering their work experience, education level and field of study.Research limitations: The conservative atmosphere in university environments may affect the manager’s responses to the questionnaire; therefore, in the generalisation of the results, this issue should be taken into account.Practical implications: It is recommended to hold in-service courses for managers who have a lower education level or less work experience or have been graduated from the fields of study other than the Management major. It is also suggested to pay attention to the managers’ fields of study and managerial experiences at the time of employment.Contribution: This study enhances the quality of managers’ leadership style and consequently increases the productivity in university environments. 

  19. The Pasteurization of Marie Curie: A (meta)biographical experiment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wirtén, Eva Hemmungs

    2015-08-01

    Biographies of scientists occupy a liminal space, highly popular with general readers but questioned in academia. Nonetheless, in recent years, historians of science have not only embraced the genre with more enthusiasm and less guilt, they have also turned to the metabiography in order to renew the study and story of scientists' roles. This essay focuses on Marie Curie, the world's most famous female scientist, in order to unpack some of the theoretical and methodological claims of the science biography, and especially to address the sexing mechanisms at play in the construction of the biographical subject. Pierre Curie (1923), Marie's biography of her husband Pierre, paid tribute to her dead husband and collaborator, but also allowed Curie a legitimate outlet to construct her own persona and legacy. Categories such as personhood, person, and persona are not only central to the biography genre but also are essential to the sense of self and self-fashioning of scientists. Looking at how Marie Curie negotiated these categories in Pierre Curie not only gives new insight into Curie's self-fashioning strategies but may also shed some light on the more general analytical lacunae of the science biography.

  20. Using Participatory, Visual and Biographical Methods with Roma Youth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oana Marcu

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with drug use by young Roma as members of a marginalized population. It reflects on the use of collages and of metaphor analysis on images produced by participants within an action-research approach. Additionally, various stakeholders were involved in a participatory manner in defining research questions, priorities and strategies. In order to understand young Roma's perceptions on drugs, 23 visual focus groups and 58 life-story interviews were conducted in five European countries. In the focus groups, young people built collages to represent drugs and then explained their meanings. Metaphor analysis was used to analyze the data. With the biographical interviews, histories of consumption from drug users were gathered. Among the trends identified are the early onset of tobacco use, exposure to consumption of alcohol by adults, underestimation of the consequences of many drugs, addiction to injecting drug use in specific areas. Gender roles are strongly associated with patterns of consumption. Roma young people also express belonging and reclaim positive social status by using certain types of drugs and by sharing consumption patterns with non-minority young people. The research process also illustrates how qualitative research can contribute to selective prevention programs. URN: http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs160155

  1. An Evaluation of a Language for Paper-based Form Sketching

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Farruglia, Phillip; Borg, Johnathan; Camilleri, K.P.

    2006-01-01

    between paper-based form sketching and CAGM systems. Evaluation results revealed that whilst PSL is easy-to-learn, yet it requires improvements. Such a sketching language contributes a step towards simulating early form design solutions by the combined use of paper-based sketches and 3D models....... form idea. The research disclosed in this paper is aimed at combining the benefits of paper-based freehand sketches with those of three-dimensional (3D) models. More specifically, this paper reports the on-going development of a prescribed sketching language (PSL) required to create a seamless link...

  2. Solar sketching a comprehensive guide to drawing the sun

    CERN Document Server

    Rix, Erika; Russell, Sally; Handy, Richard

    2015-01-01

    From the authors of Sketching the Moon comes a comprehensive guide filled with richly illustrated, detailed drawing tutorials that cover a variety of solar phenomena. Time-honored, traditional methods and media are described in tandem with innovative techniques developed and shared by contemporary astronomical sketchers. Explanations of what to expect visually from white light, Hydrogen-alpha and Calcium K filters are provided for those new to solar observing, along with essential tips on equipment, observing techniques and the practicalities of drawing at the eyepiece. For the technically minded, detailed descriptions are given on how to use image manipulation software to bring your sketches to life through animation.   The Sun is the most visually dynamic object in our solar system and offers compelling, spectacular views. Knotted magnetic field lines give rise to powerful eruptions and form the intricate sunspots and arching prominences that make our nearest star one of the most exciting, yet challenging,...

  3. The Design of Tools for Sketching Sensor-Based Interaction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brynskov, Martin; Lunding, Rasmus; Vestergaard, Lasse Steenbock

    2012-01-01

    In this paper we motivate, present, and give an initial evaluation of DUL Radio, a small wireless toolkit for sketching sensor-based interaction. In the motivation, we discuss the purpose of this specific platform, which aims to balance ease-of-use (learning, setup, initialization), size, speed......, flexibility and cost, aimed at wearable and ultra-mobile prototyping where fast reaction is needed (e.g. in controlling sound), and we discuss the general issues facing this category of embodied interaction design tools. We then present the platform in more detail, both regarding hard- ware and software....... In the brief evaluation, we present our initial experiences with the platform both in design projects and in teaching. We conclude that DUL Radio does seem to be a relatively easy-to-use tool for sketching sensor-based interaction compared to other solutions, but that there are many ways to improve it. Target...

  4. Ingmar Bergman, the biographical legend and the intermedialities of memory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maaret Koskinen

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Ingmar Bergman (1918–2007 wrote his autobiography The Magic Lantern (Laterna magica, 1987 5 years after he had finished his film career with Fanny and Alexander, his last feature made for the cinema screen. This arguably marked the second stage of his strictly literary career, the first being his plays for the stage in the 1940s. The Magic Lantern is of interest from an intermedial perspective in its forthright theatricalization or cinematization of the written text and the self-conscious performativity of its authorial voice. Of particular interest is the way the narrator turns into a kind of distanciated autobiographical witness, which in turn reminds the reader of the inherent narrative split in the autobiographical genre between the enunciating subject speaking from the present, and the described subject, the younger self in the past. In doing so the narrator seems to turn language itself into a performative venue: the medium of words becomes a theatrical stage or a cinematically charged mise-en-scène for memory as such.This is of course not only stylistically elegant, for what can be more natural than a film- and theater director who, as the very title of the autobiography announces, turns memories into cinematic and theatrical performances? But even more interesting is the extent to which Bergman in doing so seems to conjur forth his biographical legend, reminding the reader of who is in charge of text: the narrator becomes the director of the text, so to speak, lighting and setting the stage.Besides this artful approach, Bergman also clearly fictionalized his life in other ways, which is corroborated by the private note books and original manuscripts that the writer of this paper has gained access to.

  5. The special status of mathematical probability: a historical sketch

    OpenAIRE

    De Scheemaekere, Xavier; Szafarz, Ariane

    2008-01-01

    The history of the mathematical probability includes two phases: 1) From Pascal and Fermat to Laplace, the theory gained in application fields; 2) In the first half of the 20th Century, two competing axiomatic systems were respectively proposed by von Mises in 1919 and Kolmogorov in 1933. This paper places this historical sketch in the context of the philosophical complexity of the probability concept and explains the resounding success of Kolmogorov’s theory through its ability to avoid dire...

  6. Ethical Selves: A Sketch for a Theory of Relational Authenticity

    OpenAIRE

    Natalie Fletcher

    2013-01-01

    Philosophers who show interest in authenticity tend to narrowly focus on its capacity to help people evade conformity and affirm individuality, a simplistic reduction that neglects authenticity’s moral potential and gives credence to the many critics who dismiss it as a euphemism for excessive individualism. Yet when conceived relationally, authenticity can also allow for worthy human flourishing without falling prey to conformity’s opposite extreme—egoism. This essay proposes a sketch for a ...

  7. Modeling Conservative Updates in Multi-Hash Approximate Count Sketches

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Multi-hash-based count sketches are fast and memory efficient probabilistic data structures that are widely used in scalable online traffic monitoring applications. Their accuracy significantly improves with an optimization, called conservative update, which is especially effective when the aim is to discriminate a relatively small number of heavy hitters in a traffic stream consisting of an extremely large number of flows. Despite its widespread application, a thorough u...

  8. Ethical Selves : A Sketch for a Theory of Relational Authenticity

    OpenAIRE

    Natalie Fletcher

    2013-01-01

    Philosophers who show interest in authenticity tend to narrowly focus on its capacity to help people evade conformity and affirm individuality, a simplistic reduction that neglects authenticity’s moral potential and gives credence to the many critics who dismiss it as a euphemism for excessive individualism. Yet when conceived relationally, authenticity can also allow for worthy human flourishing without falling prey to conformity’s opposite extreme—egoism. This essay proposes a sketch for a ...

  9. Innovative Tools for Sound Sketching Combining Vocalizations and Gesture

    OpenAIRE

    Houix, Olivier; Delle Monache, Stefano; Lachambre, Hélène; Bevilacqua, Frédéric; Rocchesso, Davide; Lemaitre, Guillaume

    2016-01-01

    International audience; Designers are used to produce a variety of physical and digital representations at different stages of the design process. These intermediary objects (IOs) do support the externalization of ideas and the mediation with the different stakeholders. In the same manner, sound designers deliver several intermediate sounds to their clients, through iteration and refinement. In fact, these preliminary sounds are sound sketches representing the intermediate steps of an evolvin...

  10. Competitive hybrid exploration for off-line sketches structure recognition

    OpenAIRE

    Ghorbel, Achraf; Lemaitre, Aurélie; Anquetil, Eric

    2012-01-01

    International audience; We work on new strategies of exploration for interpretation of off-line sketches. A first approach (call IMISketch) was based on a competitive breadth-first exploration of the analysis tree allowing to evaluate simultaneously several possible hypotheses of recognition in a dynamic local context of document. A great advantage of this strategy is to be able to solicit the user during the decision process to avoid error accumulation in the analysis step. IMISketch strateg...

  11. Temporally divergent significant meanings, biographical disruption and self-management for chronic joint pain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morden, Andrew; Jinks, Clare; Ong, Bie Nio

    2015-08-19

    Self-management is recommended by policy and clinical guidelines as a way to contend with the growing incidence of osteoarthritis-related joint pain in an ageing population. Sociologists assert that self-management is as much about lay strategies for dealing with the biographically disruptive qualities of chronic illness as opposed to solely complying with medical regimens. The original concept of biographical disruption coined by Bury is not uncontested. Chronic joint pain has been characterised as featuring 'co-existing meanings' of significance and consequence. The former conferring no biographical disruption due to osteoarthritis being associated with 'normal ageing' and the latter causing biographical disruption due to the corporeal limitations joint pain imparts, which, in turn, can influence whether, why and how self-management is undertaken. This article reports findings from repeat interviews and a diary study completed by 22 participants with chronic knee pain. We explore the co-existing but temporally divergent 'meanings as significance' associated with knee pain. Participants describe the onset and current experience of the pain in terms of biographical normality (retrospective or contemporaneous meanings). Future meanings as significance are mediated by cultural beliefs about ageing and current physical consequences of the condition, and also have a distinct character of their own. Knee pain is associated with the possibility of disability and harbours a distinct risk; potential disruption to everyday social relationships, notably relating to care and dependency. In turn, future meanings of significance influence the preventative self-management strategies that people utilise. We argue for a more cogent theoretical understanding of temporal dimensions of biographical disruption, biographical work and subsequent self-management by utilising and extending the thought of Bury, and Corbin and Strauss. Doing so helps to understand patient self

  12. Efficient Computation of Distance Sketches in Distributed Networks

    CERN Document Server

    Sarma, Atish Das; Pandurangan, Gopal

    2011-01-01

    Distance computation is one of the most fundamental primitives used in communication networks. The cost of effectively and accurately computing pairwise network distances can become prohibitive in large-scale networks such as the Internet and Peer-to-Peer (P2P) networks. To negotiate the rising need for very efficient distance computation, approximation techniques for numerous variants of this question have recently received significant attention in the literature. The goal is to preprocess the graph and store a small amount of information such that whenever a query for any pairwise distance is issued, the distance can be well approximated (i.e., with small stretch) very quickly in an online fashion. Specifically, the pre-processing (usually) involves storing a small sketch with each node, such that at query time only the sketches of the concerned nodes need to be looked up to compute the approximate distance. In this paper, we present the first theoretical study of distance sketches derived from distance ora...

  13. Fundadores de la Primera Escuela de Veterinaria de Cuba: Síntesis Biográfica (Founders of the First School of Veterinary Science in Cuba: Biographical synthesis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silveira Prado, Enrique A

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available ResumenEl 10 de abril de 1907 se fundó en La Habana la Escuela Libre de Veterinaria, primera institución para la enseñanza formal de la veterinaria en Cuba, gracias al esfuerzo personal de varios veterinarios graduados en universidades extranjeras, uno de ellos natural de España. En el presente trabajo se presenta un esbozo biográfico de los fundadores, los que además de ser protagonistas de este hecho histórico para la veterinaria cubana que recientemente cumplió su centenario, se convirtieron posteriormente en relevantes figuras de la profesión en Cuba y gozaron del merecido prestigio y reconocimiento. AbstractOn April 10, 1907 was founded in Havana the School of Veterinary Science, first institution for the formal teaching of the veterinary science in Cuba, thanks to the personal effort of several veterinarians graduated in foreign universities, one of them born in Spain. In this work is presented a biographical sketch of the founders who besides being main characters of this historical fact for the Cuban veterinary science that recently completed its centennial, they became outstanding figures of the profession later on in Cuba and they enjoyed the deserved prestige and recognition.

  14. Biographical Self-Reflection as a Resource for Personal Development in Adults

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Klementyeva M.V.,

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The paper focuses on the stages in the development of mind in adults related to biographical self-reflection. The hypothesis of the study was that biographical self-reflection affects meaning-making, self-regulation and adaptation in the adults. The sample consisted of 480 individuals aged 25—65 years. The study measured indicators of biographical self-reflection, social psychological adaptation, life meaningfulness and self-regu- lation. We have found that in the age period of 46-65 years there is a shift from self-reflection on the path of life to self-reflection on life experience, which reinforces the influence of biographical self-reflection on the meaningfulness of life and self-regulation in the adults. Our study also revealed increases in biographical self-reflection at the beginning of age crises in adulthood (30—35, 40—45, 55—60 years when, as a result of reflective analysis, the adult realizes the need for change in his/her life.

  15. Dodging the Literary Undertaker – Biographic Metafiction in Hanif Kureishi’s The Last Word

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chalupský Petr

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Hanif Kureishi’s 2014 novel, The Last Word, involves most of the author’s idiosyncratic themes, such as ethnicity, racism, sexual identity, examination of interpersonal relationships and the crucial role of the creative imagination in human life. Its focal concern, however, is to explore the process of writing a literary biography of a living person and the character and dynamics of the relationship between the biographer and his subject - a writer. As such, the novel can be taken as being representative of biographic metafiction, a subcategory of historiographic metafiction, which, following the postmodernist questioning of our ability to know and textually represent historical truth, presents biographic writing critically or even mockingly, rendering its enthusiastic practitioners’ efforts with ironic scepticism. The aim of this article is to present The Last Word as a particular example of biographic metafiction that has all the crucial features of this genre, yet which differs from its predecessors through the complexity and thoroughness of its portrayal of the biographer-biographee relationship.

  16. From Great Men to Ordinary Citizens? The Biographical Approach to Narrating European Integration in Museums

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wolfram Kaiserm

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available The history of European integration is not easy to tell – in books or, for that matter, in museums. Most importantly, it appears to lack drama. This lack of drama creates a dilemma for museum practitioners who wish to tell stories about the contemporary history of Europe as shared history. In these circumstances, one prominent way of telling stories about European integration history in museums, and the focus of this article, is the biographical approach. Drawing upon research in all of the museums mentioned in this article and many more, and some 60 interviews with museum practitioners from across Europe, this article first discusses three biographical approaches to narrating European integration history in museums. It proceeds to draw out general conclusions about the prospects of mainstreaming European integration in history museums, and about the particular opportunities and pitfalls of the biographical approach and its different varieties.

  17. Biographical Dictionary of the First Generation of Professors at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eva Telkes

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Based on the model of studies carried out at the Institut d'histoire moderne et contemporaine on the elites in France, and more specifically on the model of the biographical dictionaries of the professors of the Sorbonne and the Collège de France, we aim at making a biographical dictionary of the professors of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem in its first period (1925-1948. This research complements the works of Israeli researchers who, since the seminar organized by Michael Heyd, Israel B...

  18. Online Categorical Subspace Learning for Sketching Big Data with Misses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shen, Yanning; Mardani, Morteza; Giannakis, Georgios B.

    2017-08-01

    With the scale of data growing every day, reducing the dimensionality (a.k.a. sketching) of high-dimensional data has emerged as a task of paramount importance. Relevant issues to address in this context include the sheer volume of data that may consist of categorical samples, the typically streaming format of acquisition, and the possibly missing entries. To cope with these challenges, the present paper develops a novel categorical subspace learning approach to unravel the latent structure for three prominent categorical (bilinear) models, namely, Probit, Tobit, and Logit. The deterministic Probit and Tobit models treat data as quantized values of an analog-valued process lying in a low-dimensional subspace, while the probabilistic Logit model relies on low dimensionality of the data log-likelihood ratios. Leveraging the low intrinsic dimensionality of the sought models, a rank regularized maximum-likelihood estimator is devised, which is then solved recursively via alternating majorization-minimization to sketch high-dimensional categorical data `on the fly.' The resultant procedure alternates between sketching the new incomplete datum and refining the latent subspace, leading to lightweight first-order algorithms with highly parallelizable tasks per iteration. As an extra degree of freedom, the quantization thresholds are also learned jointly along with the subspace to enhance the predictive power of the sought models. Performance of the subspace iterates is analyzed for both infinite and finite data streams, where for the former asymptotic convergence to the stationary point set of the batch estimator is established, while for the latter sublinear regret bounds are derived for the empirical cost. Simulated tests with both synthetic and real-world datasets corroborate the merits of the novel schemes for real-time movie recommendation and chess-game classification.

  19. Biographical and Psychographical Profile of Nepali Entrepreneurs: A Study on Entrepreneurship in Nepal. Small Business Promotion Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhawuk, D. P. S.; Udas, Arjun K.

    A biographical and psychological survey of Nepali entrepreneurs was carried out with five objectives: develop a Biographical Information Bank, develop organizational profiles, determine the locus of control, determine whether entrepreneurs are individualistic or collective, and determine the entrepreneurs' profile along the 13 entrepreneurship…

  20. A Narrative Inquiry of the Sameness of and Difference between My Autobiographical and Biographical Research Methods on New Immigrant Women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Xin

    The sameness of and difference between autobiographical and biographical research methods were studied in this exploration of the researcher's work with six recent female immigrants to Canada, herself and her mother included. The self-study of autobiography and the biographical study of the researcher's mother and four other subjects were similar…

  1. The type locality of Eoperipatus sumatranus (Sedgwick, 1888), with biographical notes on its collector W.J.E. Hekmeijer

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lande, van der V.M.; Holthuis, L.B.

    1986-01-01

    Acquisition records of the type material and biographical data of its collector make it likely that the type locality of Eoperipatus sumatranus (Sedgwick) is Mt. Arjuno, E. Java, and not E. Sumatra. Biographical data for W.J.E. Hekmeijer and some of his closest relatives are given.

  2. A Sketch of Deleuze’s Hermeneutical Spin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emilian Margarit

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this article is to sketch the procedural nature of the modus in which Deleuze reads the other philosophers. The hermeneutical problem indicated by the indecision to consider his books on different authors as an authorized interpretation or as fantasist utilization may be scattered if we understand his hermeneutical attempts both as interpretation and construction (concept or problem. In addition, this indecision affects the guild of Deleuzian exegetes in respect to the directory idea (prime author which could point out the general strategy of his philosophy.

  3. Fundamentals of sketch-based passwords a general framework

    CERN Document Server

    Riggan, Benjamin S; Wang, Cliff

    2015-01-01

    This SpringerBrief explores graphical password systems and examines novel drawing-based methods in terms of security, usability, and human computer-interactions. It provides a systematic approach for recognizing, comparing, and matching sketch-based passwords in the context of modern computing systems. The book offers both a security and usability analysis of the accumulative framework used for incorporating handwriting biometrics and a human computer-interaction performance analysis. The chapters offer new perspectives and experimental results regarding model uniqueness, recognition tolerance

  4. Ethical Selves: A Sketch for a Theory of Relational Authenticity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalie Fletcher

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Philosophers who show interest in authenticity tend to narrowly focus on its capacity to help people evade conformity and affirm individuality, a simplistic reduction that neglects authenticity’s moral potential and gives credence to the many critics who dismiss it as a euphemism for excessive individualism. Yet when conceived relationally, authenticity can also allow for worthy human flourishing without falling prey to conformity’s opposite extreme—egoism. This essay proposes a sketch for a relational conception of authenticity that can help prevent the often-destructive excess of egoism while also offsetting the undesirable deficiency of heteronomy, concertedly moving agents towards socially responsible living.

  5. Google SketchUp for Game Design Beginner's Guide

    CERN Document Server

    de Jongh, Robin

    2011-01-01

    The book takes a clear, step-by-step approach to building a complete game level using SketchUp with many props and textures. This book is designed for anyone who wants to create entire 3D worlds in freely available game engines such as Unity 3D, CryEngine, Ogre, Panda3D, Unreal Engine, and Blender Game Engine. It also targets all those who wish to create new levels and assets to sell in game asset stores or use in visualization or animation.

  6. Biographer: web-based editing and rendering of SBGN compliant biochemical networks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krause, Falko; Schulz, Marvin; Ripkens, Ben; Flöttmann, Max; Krantz, Marcus; Klipp, Edda; Handorf, Thomas

    2013-06-01

    The rapid accumulation of knowledge in the field of Systems Biology during the past years requires advanced, but simple-to-use, methods for the visualization of information in a structured and easily comprehensible manner. We have developed biographer, a web-based renderer and editor for reaction networks, which can be integrated as a library into tools dealing with network-related information. Our software enables visualizations based on the emerging standard Systems Biology Graphical Notation. It is able to import networks encoded in various formats such as SBML, SBGN-ML and jSBGN, a custom lightweight exchange format. The core package is implemented in HTML5, CSS and JavaScript and can be used within any kind of web-based project. It features interactive graph-editing tools and automatic graph layout algorithms. In addition, we provide a standalone graph editor and a web server, which contains enhanced features like web services for the import and export of models and visualizations in different formats. The biographer tool can be used at and downloaded from the web page http://biographer.biologie.hu-berlin.de/. The different software packages, including a server-independent version as well as a web server for Windows and Linux based systems, are available at http://code.google.com/p/biographer/ under the open-source license LGPL

  7. Writing European Lives: Stefan Zweig as a Biographer of Verhaeren, Rolland and Erasmus

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rensen, M.

    2015-01-01

    The Jewish-Austrian writer Stefan Zweig (1881-1942) was a passionate biographer who wrote about the lives of many influential people in European literature and history. In some of these biographies the genre is consciously employed as a vehicle to express an idea of Europe and foster a sense of belo

  8. Dynamic disconnection of the supplementary motor area after processing of dismissive biographic narratives

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Borchardt, Viola; Krause, Anna L.; Li, Meng; van Tol, Marie-Jose; Demenescu, Liliana Ramona; Buchheim, Anna; Metzger, Coraline D.; Sweeney-Reed, Catherine M.; Nolte, Tobias; Lord, Anton R.; Walter, Martin

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: To understand the interplay between affective social information processing and its influence on mental states we investigated changes in functional connectivity (FC) patterns after audio exposure to emotional biographic narratives. Methods: While lying in the 7T MR scanner, 23 male pa

  9. Biographical Sources: Architecture, Art, Music, Theatre and Drama. Bibliographic Series No. 16.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahrens, Joan

    Sources for biographical information in architecture, art, music, theater, and drama held by the Arkansas University library are listed. Directories, encyclopedias, biographies, bibliographies, and handbooks covering the national and international spectrum are organized by topic, and include some works in French and German. Full bibliographic…

  10. Writing European Lives: Stefan Zweig as a Biographer of Verhaeren, Rolland and Erasmus

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rensen, M.

    2015-01-01

    The Jewish-Austrian writer Stefan Zweig (1881-1942) was a passionate biographer who wrote about the lives of many influential people in European literature and history. In some of these biographies the genre is consciously employed as a vehicle to express an idea of Europe and foster a sense of belo

  11. Aspirations of a Leader: A Biographical History through a Narrative Lens

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peeler, Eleanor

    2012-01-01

    Biography is often construed as life story, life history or memoir. The author who narrates the life of another the biographer may skim the surface to relate the events that occurred during the subject's life or dig deeply to explore the social and political issues that shaped her/his development. The subject of this biography is a man who grasped…

  12. Biographer: web-based editing and rendering of SBGN compliant biochemical networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krause, Falko; Schulz, Marvin; Ripkens, Ben; Flöttmann, Max; Krantz, Marcus; Klipp, Edda; Handorf, Thomas

    2013-01-01

    Motivation: The rapid accumulation of knowledge in the field of Systems Biology during the past years requires advanced, but simple-to-use, methods for the visualization of information in a structured and easily comprehensible manner. Results: We have developed biographer, a web-based renderer and editor for reaction networks, which can be integrated as a library into tools dealing with network-related information. Our software enables visualizations based on the emerging standard Systems Biology Graphical Notation. It is able to import networks encoded in various formats such as SBML, SBGN-ML and jSBGN, a custom lightweight exchange format. The core package is implemented in HTML5, CSS and JavaScript and can be used within any kind of web-based project. It features interactive graph-editing tools and automatic graph layout algorithms. In addition, we provide a standalone graph editor and a web server, which contains enhanced features like web services for the import and export of models and visualizations in different formats. Availability: The biographer tool can be used at and downloaded from the web page http://biographer.biologie.hu-berlin.de/. The different software packages, including a server-indepenent version as well as a web server for Windows and Linux based systems, are available at http://code.google.com/p/biographer/ under the open-source license LGPL. Contact: edda.klipp@biologie.hu-berlin.de or handorf@physik.hu-berlin.de PMID:23574737

  13. Educating for Vocational Excellence: The Auto/Biographical Exploration of Enacted Craft Pedagogy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tyson, Ruhi

    2015-01-01

    The focus of this article is on education for vocational excellence (the combination of virtue and good judgment or phronesis/practical wisdom) through an examination of episodes from the auto/biographical study of master craftsman Wolfgang B. Vocational excellence is an issue sometimes discussed with regard to teacher training for schools and…

  14. Application of SketchUp in Architectural Graphing Teaching Reform%SketchUp在《建筑制图》教学改革中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任鲁宁

    2013-01-01

    根据高职《建筑制图》课程改革需要,本文在分析SketchUp特点的基础上,尝试用SketchUp代替传统的模型和图片教学,旨在提高教学的直观性和多样性,加强学生的学习主动性和创造性。%According to the needs of higher vocational Construction Drawings curriculum reform, based on the analysis of the characteristics of SketchUp, this paper tries to use the SketchUp to instead of the traditional teaching model and pictures, to improve the teaching of visual and diversity, and strengthen the students' learning initiative and creativity.

  15. A framework for reaching common understanding during sketching in design teams

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nik Ahmad Ariff, N.S.; Badke-Schaub, P.G.; Eris, O.; Suib, S.S.S.B.

    2012-01-01

    In this study, we investigate the communication processes during sketching in design teams on theoretical and empirical levels, and propose two frameworks. The first one, the designcommunication block framework, categorizes the types of activities that take place during sketching, and constitutes th

  16. Google SketchUp在房屋3D建模中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙继浩

    2013-01-01

    从个人房屋等小型建筑的3D建模出发,结合SketchUp的各项功能,介绍了其在房屋设计、室内装修和外观规划的作用,阐述了SketchUp在建筑及设计行业的应用前景.

  17. Effects of Various Sketching Tools on Visual Thinking in Idea Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chu, Po Ying; Hung, Hsiu Yen; Wu, Chih Fu; Liu, Yen Te

    2017-01-01

    Due to the wide application of digital tools and the improvement in interactive technologies, design thinking might change in digital world comparing to that in traditional design process. This study aims to explore the difference of design thinking between three kinds of sketching tools, i.e. hand-sketch, tablet, and pen-input display, by means…

  18. 16 CFR Figure 1 to Part 1610 - Sketch of Flammability Apparatus

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Sketch of Flammability Apparatus 1 Figure 1 to Part 1610 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION FLAMMABLE FABRICS ACT REGULATIONS STANDARD FOR THE FLAMMABILITY OF CLOTHING TEXTILES Pt.1610, Fig. 1 Figure 1 to Part 1610—Sketch...

  19. SmartCanvas: Context-inferred Interpretation of Sketches for Preparatory Design Studies

    KAUST Repository

    Zheng, Youyi

    2016-05-27

    In early or preparatory design stages, an architect or designer sketches out rough ideas, not only about the object or structure being considered, but its relation to its spatial context. This is an iterative process, where the sketches are not only the primary means for testing and refining ideas, but also for communicating among a design team and to clients. Hence, sketching is the preferred media for artists and designers during the early stages of design, albeit with a major drawback: sketches are 2D and effects such as view perturbations or object movement are not supported, thereby inhibiting the design process. We present an interactive system that allows for the creation of a 3D abstraction of a designed space, built primarily by sketching in 2D within the context of an anchoring design or photograph. The system is progressive in the sense that the interpretations are refined as the user continues sketching. As a key technical enabler, we reformulate the sketch interpretation process as a selection optimization from a set of context-generated canvas planes in order to retrieve a regular arrangement of planes. We demonstrate our system (available at http:/geometry.cs.ucl.ac.uk/projects/2016/smartcanvas/) with a wide range of sketches and design studies. © 2016 The Author(s) Computer Graphics Forum © 2016 The Eurographics Association and John Wiley & Sons Ltd. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  20. The Design of Tools for Sketching Sensor-Based Interaction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brynskov, Martin; Lunding, Rasmus; Vestergaard, Lasse Steenbock

    2012-01-01

    , flexibility and cost, aimed at wearable and ultra-mobile prototyping where fast reaction is needed (e.g. in controlling sound), and we discuss the general issues facing this category of embodied interaction design tools. We then present the platform in more detail, both regarding hard- ware and software....... In the brief evaluation, we present our initial experiences with the platform both in design projects and in teaching. We conclude that DUL Radio does seem to be a relatively easy-to-use tool for sketching sensor-based interaction compared to other solutions, but that there are many ways to improve it. Target...... users include designers, students, artists etc. with minimal programming and hardware skills, but this paper adresses the issues with designing the tools, which includes technical details....

  1. A Warm Reading of Sunshine Sketches of a Little Town

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘翠萍

    2014-01-01

    Stephen Leacock(1869-1944) is one of the founding parents of Canadian letters and literature. In the early 20th centu-ry, his reputation as a humorist and a political economist was not limited by the boundaries of Canada but spread around the world. As one of his works, Sunshine Sketches of a Little Town has attracted world-wide admiration. It is a series of vignettes dra-matizing the comedy of day-to-day life in Mariposa. It is bathed in the warm sunshine for all of us to laugh at as one of us re-members the little towns we might have known or come from. As a matter of fact, Leacock employs several techniques in his writing for humorous effect. This paper elaborates on the auther and the work, and makes an analysis on the character-Smith.

  2. Using Fuzzy Hybrid Features to Classify Strokes in Interactive Sketches

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shuxia Wang

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available A novel method is presented based on fuzzy hybrid-based features to classify strokes into 2D line drawings, and a human computer interactive system is developed for assisting designers in conceptual design stage. Fuzzy classifiers are built based on some geometric features and speed features. The prototype system can support rapid classification based on fuzzy classifiers, and the classified stroke is then fitted with a 2D geometry primitive which could be a line segment, polyline, circle, circular arc, ellipse, elliptical arc, hyperbola, and parabola. The human computer interaction can determine the ambiguous results and then revise the misrecognitions. The test results showed that the proposed method can support online freehand sketching based on conceptual design with no limitation on drawing sequence and direction while achieving a satisfactory interpretation rate.

  3. Anak Jakarta; A sketch of Indonesian youth identity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Solita Sarwono

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Anak Jakarta refers to the youth of Jakarta, the trend-setters of the Indonesian youth. This paper gives a sketch of the youth in Jakarta as characterized by their appearance, language and lifestyle. Information is derived from discussions and personal contact with different groups of youth and parents (adults with children in Jakarta; literature review, observations, as well as from flashbacks given by the adults, providing a portrait of anak Jakarta since late 1980’s. The youth in Jakarta is Western (American oriented, copying from the mass- and social media, often times conflicting with local norms and parental advices. Anak Jakarta profile includes: youth created slang language, school gang fights (tawuran and brand minded consumerism. Jakarta youth has become the role model for most youth all over Indonesia, especially Jakarta migrant youth. Family upbringing, social contact, peer group and the media play a crucial role in forming, transforming and disseminating the characteristics anak Jakarta identity.

  4. Sketch the migration of Dictyostelium discoideum using phase field model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Yunsong; Camley, Brian; Rappel, Wouter-Jan; Levine, Herbert

    Cell migration plays an important role in a lot of biological processes, like chemotaxis, wound healing, and cancer metastasis. The fact it is highly integrated has brought great challenges, physical and mathematical, to the modeling efforts. Recently, a phase field model, which couples cellular reaction dynamics, intra-cellular hydrodynamics, cell-substrate adhesions and deformable cell boundaries, has successfully captured some characteristics of moving cells, including morphological change, cytosolic actin flow pattern, periodic migration and so on. Here we apply the phase field model to sketch the migration of Dictyostelium discoideum, which shows a completely different moving pattern from the cells (like fish keratocyte) in our previous attempts. And we will also compare our results with some experimental observations, not only on the cell morphology, but also on the traction force patterns on the substrate.

  5. Sketching together the modern histories of science, technology, and medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pickstone, John V

    2011-03-01

    This essay explores ways to "write together" the awkwardly jointed histories of "science" and "me dicine"--but it also includes other "arts" (in the old sense) and technologies. It draws especially on the historiography of medicine, but I try to use terms that are applicable across all of science, technology, and medicine (STM). I stress the variety of knowledges and practices in play at any time and the ways in which the ensembles change. I focus on the various relations of "science" and "medicine," as they were understood for a succession of periods--from mainly agricultural societies, through industrial societies, to our biomedical present--trying to sketch a history that encompasses daily practices and understandings as well as major conceptual and technical innovations. The model is meant to facilitate inquiry across topics and across times, including those to come.

  6. 论蔡元培的传记写作%On Cai Yuanpei' s Biographical Writing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赖勤芳

    2012-01-01

    Cai Yuanpei wrote a great many biographical writings in his life though he wasn' t famous for writing biography. In the period of his formative education and studying freely, he accumulated the attainment of biographical writing and cultivated gradually the sense of cultural identification based on Chinese ancient bi- ography. When embarking on political revolution and educational innovation, he became more active in bio- graphical writing, especially choosing those revolutionaries, relatives and friends as leading characters. In his later years, he wrote autobiography with a style of annals suggested by Hu Shi. All in all, it was very obvious that Cai should be a helpful promotion to modem transformation of Chinese biographical idea though he wasn' t determined biographical writer and researcher, including his lack of more profound biographical theories and very self-conscious sense of modem biographical style.%蔡元培并不是一位以写作传记而闻名的文学家,但在一生中写下了大量的传记作品。在接受启蒙教育和“自由”读书的过程中,他积累了良好的传记写作素养,逐渐形成了对中国传记文化的认同感。随着政治革命、教育革新等活动的展开,他更是积极写作各种人物传记,其中的革命家传和亲友传最具特色。晚年在胡适的影响下用年谱体写作自传。尽管蔡元培的志向并不在传记写作及研究上,此外亦无十分深刻的传记理论见解和非常自觉的现代传记文体意识,但对中国传记文学观念的现代转型具有一定的助推作用。

  7. SketchUp在工程设计专业教学和实践中的应用%The Application of SketchUp in Teaching Practice of the Engineering Design Specialty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏毓洁; 巫丛; 蔡如

    2006-01-01

    介绍了SketchUp软件的特点及基本功能,探讨了SketchUp软件在工程设计类专业教学中的应用,阐述了在SketchUp环境下各类工程设计的方案与分析图的表达与应用.

  8. Comparison of performance between BIOGRAPH 64 PET/CT and ECAT EXACT HR+PET%BIOGRAPH 64型PET/CT与ECAT EXACT HR+型PET的性能比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程午樱; 朱朝晖; 欧阳萌; 霍力

    2008-01-01

    通过模型研究和临床病例分析,比较Biograph 64型PET/CT和Ecat Exact HR+型PET仪,并从病灶检出能力、图像质量、患者检查的方便性和工作人员操作的友好性等多个角度,对新型的Biograph 64PET/CT的主要性能进行评价.

  9. The self as capital in the narrative economy: how biographical testimonies move activism in the Global South.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burchardt, Marian

    2016-05-01

    This article analyses and theorises the practice of biographical storytelling of HIV-positive AIDS activists in South Africa. Combining research in illness narratives, studies of emotions in social activism and analysis of global health institutions in Africa, I explore how biographical self-narrations are deployed to facilitate access to resources and knowledge and thus acquire material and symbolic value. I illustrate my argument through the analysis of the case of an AIDS activist who became a professional biographical storyteller. Based on the analysis which I claim to represent wider dynamics in human-rights-based health activism in the Global South, I propose the concept of narrative economies by which I mean the set of exchange relationships within which biographical self-narrations circulate and produce social value for individuals and organisations.

  10. Discourse, Subject, and Agency. Linking Discourse Analysis and Biographical Research with the Help of the Concept of Articulation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tina Spies

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available For a significant period of time biographical research did not focus on the influence of discourses on biographical narratives. In contrast, discourse analysis often disregarded the subject-constituting impact of discourses. This article deals with the theoretical question of how to work with both: discourse and subject. Therefore, I will introduce Stuart HALL's concept of articulation. Since the early 1990's HALL has been working on questions of (cultural identity. In this context he developed an understanding of subjects that enables them not only to be seen as effects of discourses, but also allows focusing on discourses in subject conceptions. Neither biographical research nor discourse analysis In German speaking countries have embraced the work of HALL. But his concept of articulation could link biographical research and discourse analysis, and could also be used for further empirical work. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0902369

  11. [Biographical work in inpatient long-term care for people with dementia: potential of the DEMIAN nursing concept].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berendonk, C; Stanek, S; Schönit, M; Kaspar, R; Bär, M; Kruse, A

    2011-02-01

    In nursing care for people with dementia, biographical work is a popular concept. In the literature and practice, many different viewpoints of the way biographical work can/should be promoted exist. In the DEMIAN concept, a nursing concept to promote emotional well-being for people with dementia, it is also of major significance. This article gives an overview of the importance of biographical work in caring for people with dementia. In particular, the role and arrangement of biographical work in the DEMIAN concept are described. Within the anamnesis of the DEMIAN concept, meaningful themes are identified in conversations with different participants (person with dementia, reference persons, and care workers) and through observations. From these findings, specific interventions, aimed at supporting emotional well-being of people with dementia, are derived and integrated into everyday nursing care to promote emotional well-being. The potential of the DEMIAN nursing concept are discussed and further possibilities are highlighted.

  12. Twenty-Four Tuba Harmonics Using a Single Pipe Length

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holmes, Bud; Ruiz, Michael J.

    2017-01-01

    Harmonics arise naturally from the resonances in strings and pipes. A video demonstration (Ruiz 2016 "YouTube: Tuba Harmonics" (https://youtu.be/souhEzOP9c4)) is provided where a tubist (coauthor Holmes) produces a phenomenal 24 harmonics using a single tuba pipe length by controlling the buzz of his lips. The frequencies of the…

  13. Twenty-four tuba harmonics using a single pipe length

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holmes, Bud; Ruiz, Michael J.

    2017-03-01

    Harmonics arise naturally from the resonances in strings and pipes. A video demonstration (Ruiz 2016 YouTube: Tuba Harmonics (https://youtu.be/souhEzOP9c4)) is provided where a tubist (coauthor Holmes) produces a phenomenal 24 harmonics using a single tuba pipe length by controlling the buzz of his lips. The frequencies of the harmonics, measured with the free software program Audacity, fall excellently on a linear fit using a spreadsheet. The skillful musical production of so many harmonics with a fixed pipe length is an extraordinary illustration of physics.

  14. Twenty four Hours Circadian Cortisol Profile in Shift Work Nurses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H Kakooei

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT: Introduction & Objective: It is well established that adrenal hormone cortisol has long been used in human psychobiological studies as a biological marker of circadian rhythm, stress, and anxiety. There is little information, however, about the interrelationships of night work, plasma cortisol levels in females’ nurses of the developing countries. The aim of the present study was to compare circadian cortisol profile between two groups of nurses with shift and permanent work in a Hospital affiliated to Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Iran, between January 2006 to September 2008. Materials & Methods: In this experimental study, we examined the reproducibility of plasma cortisol levels during one month period in 34 shift work nurses and 10 permanent day shift works. We evaluated potential associations between night work and hormone levels, using current and shift work information for the health care shift workers. Results: The results clearly revealed that shift work significantly increased nighttime cortisol levels (34.93 μg/dl during night shift and decreased the peak levels of cortisol in the morning (39.03 μg/dl. During the work shift the plasma cortisol presented a decreased concentration in the morning and increasing levels (44.93 μg/dl by the end of the evening. In contrast , the permanent day work nurses, who had never worked at night shifts, showed a lowest secretion of cortisol during the first half of night time sleep (10.02 μg/dl , and a peak value of the cortisol after awakening at 07:00 h ( 59.75 μg/ml. We also observed a significant association between night work and increased levels of cortisol over the remaining of the day. Conclusion: It can be concluded that nurses with night shift work have an abnormal cortisol secretion profile. Shift work nurses on rotating night shifts seem to experience changes in hormones levels that may be associated with increased of circadian disorders risk observed among night – shift workers.

  15. Twenty-Four-Hour Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring in Hypertension

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    Executive Summary Objective The objective of this health technology assessment was to determine the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) for hypertension. Clinical Need: Condition and Target Population Hypertension occurs when either systolic blood pressure, the pressure in the artery when the heart contracts, or diastolic blood pressure, the pressure in the artery when the heart relaxes between beats, are consistently high. Blood pressure (BP) that is consistently more than 140/90 mmHg (systolic/diastolic) is considered high. A lower threshold, greater than 130/80 mmHg (systolic/diastolic), is set for individuals with diabetes or chronic kidney disease. In 2006 and 2007, the age-standardized incidence rate of diagnosed hypertension in Canada was 25.8 per 1,000 (450,000 individuals were newly diagnosed). During the same time period, 22.7% of adult Canadians were living with diagnosed hypertension. A smaller proportion of Canadians are unaware they have hypertension; therefore, the estimated number of Canadians affected by this disease may be higher. Diagnosis and management of hypertension are important, since elevated BP levels are related to the risk of cardiovascular disease, including stroke. In Canada in 2003, the costs to the health care system related to the diagnosis, treatment, and management of hypertension were over $2.3 billion (Cdn). Technology The 24-hour ABPM device consists of a standard inflatable cuff attached to a small computer weighing about 500 grams, which is worn over the shoulder or on a belt. The technology is noninvasive and fully automated. The device takes BP measurements every 15 to 30 minutes over a 24-to 28-hour time period, thus providing extended, continuous BP recordings even during a patient’s normal daily activities. Information on the multiple BP measurements can be downloaded to a computer. The main detection methods used by the device are auscultation and oscillometry. The device avoids some of the pitfalls of conventional office or clinic blood pressure monitoring (CBPM) using a cuff and mercury sphygmomanometer such as observer bias (the phenomenon of measurement error when the observer overemphasizes expected results) and white coat hypertension (the phenomenon of elevated BP when measured in the office or clinic but normal BP when measured outside of the medical setting). Research Questions Is there a difference in patient outcome and treatment protocol using 24-hour ABPM versus CBPM for uncomplicated hypertension? Is there a difference between the 2 technologies when white coat hypertension is taken into account? What is the cost-effectiveness and budget impact of 24-hour ABPM versus CBPM for uncomplicated hypertension? Research Methods Literature Search Search Strategy A literature search was performed on August 4, 2011 using OVID MEDLINE, MEDLINE In-Process and Other Non-Indexed Citations, EMBASE, the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), the Cochrane Library, and the International Agency for Health Technology Assessment (INAHTA) for studies published from January 1, 1997 to August 4, 2011. Abstracts were reviewed by a single reviewer. For those studies meeting the eligibility criteria, full-text articles were obtained. Reference lists were also examined for any additional relevant studies not identified through the search. Articles with unknown eligibility were reviewed with a second clinical epidemiologist and then a group of epidemiologists until consensus was established. The quality of evidence was assessed as high, moderate, low, or very low according to GRADE methodology. Inclusion Criteria English language articles; published between January 1, 1997 and August 4, 2011; adults aged 18 years of age or older; journal articles reporting on the effectiveness, cost-effectiveness, or safety for the comparison of interest; clearly described study design and methods; health technology assessments, systematic reviews, meta-analyses, or randomized controlled trials. Exclusion Criteria non-English papers; animal or in vitro studies; case reports, case series, or case-case studies; studies comparing different antihypertensive therapies and evaluating their antihypertensive effects using 24-hour ABPM; studies on home or self-monitoring of BP, and studies on automated office BP measurement; studies in high-risk subgroups (e.g. diabetes, pregnancy, kidney disease). Outcomes of Interest Patient Outcomes mortality: all cardiovascular events (e.g., myocardial infarction [MI], stroke); non-fatal: all cardiovascular events (e.g., MI, stroke); combined fatal and non-fatal: all cardiovascular events (e.g., MI, stroke); all non-cardiovascular events; control of BP (e.g. systolic and/or diastolic target level). Drug-Related Outcomes percentage of patients who show a reduction in, or stop, drug treatment; percentage of patients who begin multi-drug treatment; drug therapy use (e.g. number, intensity of drug use); drug-related adverse events. Quality of Evidence The quality of the body of evidence was assessed as high, moderate, low, or very low according to the GRADE Working Group criteria. As stated by the GRADE Working Group, the following definitions of quality were used in grading the quality of the evidence: High Further research is very unlikely to change confidence in the estimate of effect. Moderate Further research is likely to have an important impact on confidence in the estimate of effect and may change the estimate. Low Further research is very likely to have an important impact on confidence in the estimate of effect and is likely to change the estimate. Very Low Any estimate of effect is very uncertain. Summary of Findings Short-Term Follow-Up Studies (Length of Follow-Up of ≤ 1 Year) Based on very low quality of evidence, there is no difference between technologies for non-fatal cardiovascular events. Based on moderate quality of evidence, ABPM resulted in improved BP control among patients with sustained hypertension compared to CBPM. Based on low quality of evidence, ABPM resulted in hypertensive patients being more likely to stop antihypertensive therapy and less likely to proceed to multi-drug therapy compared to CBPM. Based on low quality of evidence, there is a beneficial effect of ABPM on the intensity of antihypertensive drug use compared to CBPM. Based on moderate quality of evidence, there is no difference between technologies in the number of antihypertensive drugs used. Based on low to very low quality of evidence, there is no difference between technologies in the risk for a drug-related adverse event or noncardiovascular event. Long-Term Follow-Up Study (Mean Length of Follow-Up of 5 Years) Based on moderate quality of evidence, there is a beneficial effect of ABPM on total combined cardiovascular events compared to CBPM. Based on low quality of evidence, there is a lack of a beneficial effect of ABPM on nonfatal cardiovascular events compared to CBPM; however, the lack of a beneficial effect is based on a borderline result. Based on low quality of evidence, there is no beneficial effect of ABPM on fatal cardiovascular events compared to CBPM. Based on low quality of evidence, there is no difference between technologies for the number of patients who began multi-drug therapy. Based on low quality of evidence, there is a beneficial effect of CBPM on control of BP compared to ABPM. This result is in the opposite direction than expected. Based on moderate quality of evidence, there is no difference between technologies in the risk for a drug-related adverse event. PMID:23074425

  16. Biographical learning in top-level coaching - personal styles and the power of practical sense

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Mette Krogh

    increasingly professionalized, the role of the top-level coach and the developmental pathways of the coaches differ widely in both areas of experience and amount of experience. In this paper I draw on theories on biographical learning, idiosyncratic learning and development of coaching expertise. This paper...... aspects of coaching expertise: 1) the coaches’ descriptions of their development of expertise as a “personal journey” and a matter of unique pathways, and 2) the coaches’ use of social constructed practical sense in their daily work, particularly in identification and assessment of skillfulness and talent......: Biographical learning in top-level coaching - personal styles and the power of practical sense. There is a growing body of studies in sports coaching cultures, comprising research focusing on the individual learning processes and life histories of top-level coaches. Even if top-level sport has become...

  17. Biographical learning in top-level coaching - personal styles and the power of practical sense

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Mette Krogh

    : Biographical learning in top-level coaching - personal styles and the power of practical sense. There is a growing body of studies in sports coaching cultures, comprising research focusing on the individual learning processes and life histories of top-level coaches. Even if top-level sport has become...... increasingly professionalized, the role of the top-level coach and the developmental pathways of the coaches differ widely in both areas of experience and amount of experience. In this paper I draw on theories on biographical learning, idiosyncratic learning and development of coaching expertise. This paper...... explores the relation between these kinds of learning processes and the coaches’ development of practical sense of talent. I base the paper on a sociological analysis of in-depth interviews with eight Danish top-level football coaches about their pathways to expertise. Results illustrate two interwoven...

  18. Experiences of Biographical Crises as a Resource for Professional Interventions. An Exemplary Analysis of Lawyer's Acting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia Scheid

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available In the empirical part of the following paper, professional service is shown in the context of a biographical experience of a professional—a family law attorney. In terms of method, this undertaking is precarious. Its sense lies in gaining an understanding of the biographically and historically motivated potentials and limits of professional services. A differentiated look at professional services is facilitated when you know the stories out of which specific procedures have resulted. In overcoming the crude classification of "professionalized," "not professionalized," and "de-professionalized," it is possible to further differentiate theories of professionalization (Talcott PARSONS, Ulrich OEVERMANN, Fritz SCHÜTZE. Up until now detailed examinations are missing of the genesis of concrete professional acting, even though the topic has been worked out clearly, especially in studies of teachers' work. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0801537

  19. Evaluating The Impact Of Novice Students Sketches On Their Mental Imagery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. Helmi

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Reinterpretation is one of the activities that occur in visualization the role of reinterpretation is restructuring half form idea and it can be performed with applying sketch as a useful tool and creation development evaluation communication and sharing of ideas can be facilitated by sketching. Reinterpretation basically is the outcome of the lateral thinking process. Investigating of the reinterpretation of some designers indicate that externalizing a design may not be the solitary approach of designing visually and for expert architects sketching is not a crucial action in the early stages of conceptual designing. Moreover experts could progress in design by thinking only. However novice students have problem in reinterpreting patterns in their mental image whether tools such as sketch could help in the better performance of the reinterpretation process. This paper raises a fundamental question that if the sketch of novice students can support their mental imagery in order to answer this question this paper uses documentary method to investigate the previous studies in this field. Finally in accordance to the weakness of novices sketches this study concluded that their sketches could not support their mental imagery.

  20. Revisiting biographical disruption: exploring individual embodied illness experience in people with terminal cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reeve, Joanne; Lloyd-Williams, Mari; Payne, Sheila; Dowrick, Christopher

    2010-03-01

    Biographical accounts of illness offer useful insights into the social and adaptive processes of living with chronic illness. Yet there are concerns that the underlying theoretical assumptions of a reflexive self seeking to maintain meaning may not reflect the lived experience of individuals. A narrative emphasis may neglect the importance of emotional/felt experiences; while an analytical focus on disruptive processes may not adequately reflect the totality of actual events. In this study, we explored how well biographical theory supports understanding of individual lived experience. Narratives from 19 individuals identified from General Practice lists with a terminal diagnosis of cancer were analysed using the holistic-form approach described by Lieblich. Participants described an ongoing process of living their life, 'managing' disruptive events and maintaining an overall sense of well-being (narrative form = biographical flow). For a minority, continuity was lost when people's capacity to continue living their everyday lives was overwhelmed (narrative form = fracture). The identified emphasis was on individual creative capacity in the face of terminal illness, highlighting the importance of embodied experience in understanding outcome and need. Maintaining continuity was draining: exhaustion precipitated fracture and thus need for external help to restore continuity. By focusing on feelings associated with overall narrative form, rather than individual disruptive events, we highlight the context in which disruptive events are experienced, and individual perceptions of their relative importance. We conclude that combining narrative and emotion offers new insights into the value of understanding of biographical accounts of illness in the context of individual creative capacity. We discuss the possibilities for new approaches to clinical assessment and management of need.

  1. Biographical parallelism in Russian satirical journalism of the 19th century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stanko Alexander Ivanovich

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available When creating a satirical image Russian writers of the 19th century involved reception biographical parallelism. Pushkin, Belinsky, Herzen and other masters of the personal journalism in their satires, pamphlets, parodies disclosed traitors, informers, literary speculators. At the same time facts from the biographies of real people, subjected to reproof, were set out on a material of other biographies, often unreal characters. Thereby it was achieved a satirical effect and a way to avoid clashes with censorship.

  2. 西门子Biograph 64 TruePoint PET/CT维修1例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐晓磊; 李培秀; 贺海荣; 邓琳琪; 崔艳荣; 王国军

    2010-01-01

    @@ 本院2007年购入国内首台西门子Biograph 64 TruePoint PET/CT(positron emission tomography/computed tomography),笔者结合西门子PET/CT工作中的实际案例,分析、解决其运行中的一系列问题.本文主要阐述PET组件中的DEA(detector electronics assembly)故障及维修.

  3. TYPES OF THE COMIC IN BIOGRAPHICAL AND MEMORIALISTIC LITERATURE OF XX CENTURY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Оlga Ivanovna Osipova

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Article is devoted to poetics of biographical and memorialistic genres of XX century, especially to the analysis of such forms of laughter as irony and parody. The basic idea is concerned with fiction of the authors, which seek to destroy Genesis and alter reality, which in no way satisfied with the artists.The purpose of the article is identifying of the specifics of literary and imaginative reconstruction of historical events in the novels of M. Kuzmin and Sasha Sokolov by analyzing specifications of its narration.Method or the methodology of work: Among research material are M. Kuzmin’s novel "A wonderful life of Joseph Balsamo, count Cagliostro" and Sasha Sololov’s novel "Palisandria". Analyzing the texts of works on the researched topic were used comparative-historical, historical-biographical and structural methods.Results: Our study suggests that irony and parody in biographical and memorialistic genres of XX century have integrated, multifunctional meaning. Analysis of the novels allows us to observe the transformation of traditional biographical memorialistic narration into the grotesque model of the reality. There are interesting observations of the functioning in the works such approaches as parody, travesty, illogic, allegory, etc. As a result of the use of similar artistic techniques the novels become metatext about human nature in generalPractical implications: The results of our research can be used for lectures on the history of Russian literature of XXth century, in the course "History of Russian Literature" at faculties and departments of Russian Philology institutes and universities.

  4. Reflections on using biographical approaches in end-of-life care: dignity therapy as example.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindqvist, Olav; Threlkeld, Guinever; Street, Annette F; Tishelman, Carol

    2015-01-01

    The therapeutic potential of nonpharmacologic interventions using biographical approaches at the end of life (EoL) is being increasingly recognized, but less attention is paid to processes impeding realization of this potential. In this article, Swedish and Australian researchers reflect on and problematize experiences using one biographical approach, dignity therapy (DT), in EoL care in Sweden. We use this as an example, focusing on critical examination of the process of applying DT in practice, examining frictions experienced in recruiting participants, collecting the data, and creating a biography. We discuss issues regarding agency, which became evident in the recruitment process and choices made about participation, and the power differentials manifested in the interactive process of eliciting stories and crafting them into a final product. We also raise salient questions about how research and practice with biographical approaches in EoL care might better build on and further existing knowledge to better reflect the complexities of everyday life. © The Author(s) 2014.

  5. Patients' narratives of chronic illnesses and the notion of biographical disruption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delbene, Roxana

    2011-01-01

    Bury's (1982) argument that the onset of a chronic illness represents a biographical disruption has become paradigmatic in the sociology of illness studies. More recently Bury (1991, 1997) himself Williams (2000) and other medical sociologists have argued that the notion of illness as biographical disruption needs re-examination. Following a phenomenological approach, in this paper the author draws on different narrative models (Labov and Waletzky 1967 and Ricoeur 1980) to analyze how patients orient to the onset of chronic illness as the complicating action. The data comprise eight narratives collected in South America: three correspond to patients with renal failure, and five to patients with HIV/AIDS disease. It is observed that in some cases, patients' complicating actions are rather oriented to experiences of poverty, drug addiction, and criminality that took place prior to their onset of their illnesses. These experiences, instead of the onset of their illnesses, occupy the place of the complicating action in these patients' narratives. The author discusses that in the studies of illness narratives, it is difficult to operate from a different paradigm, but argues that conflating the onset of chronic illness with a biographical disruption may confuse the episodic dimension of narrative with the configurational dimension.

  6. METHOD OF SKETCHES IN ARCHAEOGENETICS AND BREEDING OF AGRICULTURAL PLANTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tsatsenko L. V.

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available The issues associated with visualization images of the examined object and the method of sketches or visual notes have been discussed in the article. The images of lagenaria (bottle, shape pumpkins or gourds in works of art and agrobotanic illustration as a research tool have been selected, with the aim to conduct a visual analysis of the morphological characteristics of bottle gourd for further application of the knowledge gained in archaeogenetics and plant breeding. The article presents images of plants of lagenaria for the period from 1311 to 2014 years. Visual analysis of the morphological characteristics of lagenaria on the basis of visual notes allowed us to identify several key points: the polymorphism of fruits and different duration of the vegetation period, particularly of the reproductive system, which is characterized by different proportions of male and female flowers, the presence of pollinators, night flowering, fruit pubescence on the first stages of development, polymorphism seeds, features maturation based on the size and weight of the fetus. Understanding the range of individual development allows the breeder to submit a complete selection issue, search for new signs will touch the ancient forms of the object, diseases, pests, images which have remained only on the pictures. In our opinion, the method of visual notes can be successfully used in the educational process because it stimulates creativity and cognitive activity of students to search for information about the studied object and its reflection

  7. Sketching the pion's valence-quark generalised parton distribution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Mezrag

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available In order to learn effectively from measurements of generalised parton distributions (GPDs, it is desirable to compute them using a framework that can potentially connect empirical information with basic features of the Standard Model. We sketch an approach to such computations, based upon a rainbow-ladder (RL truncation of QCD's Dyson–Schwinger equations and exemplified via the pion's valence dressed-quark GPD, Hπv(x,ξ,t. Our analysis focuses primarily on ξ=0, although we also capitalise on the symmetry-preserving nature of the RL truncation by connecting Hπv(x,ξ=±1,t with the pion's valence-quark parton distribution amplitude. We explain that the impulse-approximation used hitherto to define the pion's valence dressed-quark GPD is generally invalid owing to omission of contributions from the gluons which bind dressed-quarks into the pion. A simple correction enables us to identify a practicable improvement to the approximation for Hπv(x,0,t, expressed as the Radon transform of a single amplitude. Therewith we obtain results for Hπv(x,0,t and the associated impact-parameter dependent distribution, qπv(x,|b→⊥|, which provide a qualitatively sound picture of the pion's dressed-quark structure at a hadronic scale. We evolve the distributions to a scale ζ=2 GeV, so as to facilitate comparisons in future with results from experiment or other nonperturbative methods.

  8. The Development of Sleep Medicine: A Historical Sketch

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schulz, Hartmut; Salzarulo, Piero

    2016-01-01

    For centuries the scope of sleep disorders in medical writings was limited to those disturbances which were either perceived by the sleeper him- or herself as troublesome, such as insomnia, or which were recognized by an observer as strange behavioral acts during sleep, such as sleepwalking or sleep terrors. Awareness of other sleep disorders, which are caused by malfunction of a physiological system during sleep, such as sleep-related respiratory disorders, were widely unknown or ignored before sleep monitoring techniques became available, mainly in the second half of the 20th century. Finally, circadian sleep-wake disorders were recognized as a group of disturbances by its own only when chronobiology and sleep research began to interact extensively in the last two decades of the 20th century. Sleep medicine as a medical specialty with its own diagnostic procedures and therapeutic strategies could be established only when key findings in neurophysiology and basic sleep research allowed a breakthrough in the understanding of the sleeping brain, mainly since the second half of the last century. Citation: Schulz H, Salzarulo P. The development of sleep medicine: a historical sketch. J Clin Sleep Med 2016;12(7):1041–1052. PMID:27250813

  9. What is life? with Mind and Matter and Autobiographical Sketches

    CERN Document Server

    Schrödinger, Erwin

    1992-01-01

    Nobel laureate Erwin Schrödinger's What is Life? is one of the great science classics of the twentieth century. A distinguished physicist's exploration of the question which lies at the heart of biology, it was written for the layman, but proved one of the spurs to the birth of molecular biology and the subsequent discovery of the structure of DNA. The philosopher Karl Popper hailed it as a 'beautiful and important book' by 'a great man to whom I owe a personal debt for many exciting discussions'. It appears here together with Mind and Matter, his essay investigating a relationship which has eluded and puzzled philosophers since the earliest times. Schrodinger asks what place consciousness occupies in the evolution of life, and what part the state of development of the human mind plays in moral questions. Brought together with these two classics are Schrödinger's autobiographical sketches, published and translated here for the first time. They offer a fascinating fragmentary account of his life as a backgro...

  10. Sketching the pion's valence-quark generalised parton distribution

    CERN Document Server

    Mezrag, C; Moutarde, H; Roberts, C D; Rodriguez-Quintero, J; Sabatie, F; Schmidt, S M

    2014-01-01

    In order to learn effectively from measurements of generalised parton distributions (GPDs), it is desirable to compute them using a framework that can potentially connect empirical information with basic features of the Standard Model. We sketch an approach to such computations, based upon a rainbow-ladder (RL) truncation of QCD's Dyson-Schwinger equations and exemplified via the pion's valence dressed-quark GPD, $H_\\pi^{\\rm v}(x,\\xi,t)$. Our analysis focuses primarily on $\\xi=0$, although we also capitalise on the symmetry-preserving nature of the RL truncation by connecting $H_\\pi^{\\rm v}(x,\\xi=\\pm 1,t)$ with the pion's valence-quark parton distribution amplitude. We explain that the impulse-approximation used hitherto to define the pion's valence dressed-quark GPD is generally invalid owing to omission of contributions from the gluons which bind dressed-quarks into the pion. A simple correction enables us to identify a practicable improvement to the approximation for $H_\\pi^{\\rm v}(x,0,t)$, expressed as th...

  11. SketchUp构建GIS三维模型方法研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马素颜; 吴健平; 周美娟; 胡天硕

    2009-01-01

    Google SketchUp软件是智能化建模系统的工具集合,简化了建模工作。通过对SketchUp中三维模型创建及在传统GIS软件中的应用方法研究可大大减少和丰富3DGIS中三维建模的工作量。本文从SketchUp的建模技术、各地理要素的建模方法以及模型应用于GIS的方法等入手讨论SketchUp中数据转换方法,以将这一可视化工具与GIS软件结合起来,为3DGIS服务。

  12. 基于SketchUp和VRML的虚拟漫游系统开发%SketchUp and VRML-based Virtual Tour System Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    席桂花

    2009-01-01

    虚拟现实应用越来越广泛.VRML是用于描述交互式三维空间的虚拟现实建模语言.该文提出了一种基于SketchUp和VRML技术虚拟漫游系统的开发方法,即用SketchUp构建三维模型,用VKML语言实现场景漫游的交互控制,从而设计与实现一个三维虚拟漫游系统.

  13. 草图大师SketchUp在园林设计中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔丽红; 黄蔚; 田斌

    2009-01-01

    介绍分析了草图大师SketchUp在园林设计中的应用.SketchUp具有实用性、灵活性,可大大减少设计师的重复劳动,提高设计师设计成果的合理性、准确性,在今后的园林规划设计中有很好的应用前景.

  14. The Creation and Modification of 3D Models Using Sketches and Curves

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nealen, Andrew; Alexa, Marc

    While machines are equipped with clearly defined interfaces for video input (cameras, scanners) and output (monitors, projectors), human beings are not. In fact there is quite an imbalance at work here; while one could argue that the human visual system is currently superior to the video-in of a machine, there is not even a clear definition of the human video-out. In this chapter we describe interfaces and algorithms that support a potentially untrained user's intent to communicate a mental model of 2D/3D shape to a digital computer; FiberMesh to create, and SilSketch to modify 3D shapes. FiberMesh is a system for designing freeform surfaces with a collection of 3D curves. The user first creates a rough 3D model by using a sketching interface. Unlike previous sketching systems, user-drawn strokes stay on the model surface and serve as handles for controlling the geometry. SilSketch is an over-sketching interface for feature-preserving surface mesh editing. The user sketches a stroke that is the suggested position of part of a silhouette of the displayed surface, and the system derives vertices in the surface mesh corresponding to the silhouette part, selects a sub-region of the mesh to be modified, and feeds appropriately modified vertex positions together with the sub-mesh into a mesh deformation tool.

  15. Sharing one biographical detail elicits priming between famous names: Empirical and computational approaches

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matthias eIhrke

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available In this paper three experiments and corresponding model simulations are reported that investigate the priming of famous name recognition in order to explore the structure of the part of the semantic system dealing with people. Consistent with empirical findings, novel computational simulations using Burton et al.'s interactive activation and competition model point to a conceptual distinction between how priming is initiated in single- and double-familiarity tasks, indicating that priming should be weaker or non-existent for the single-familiarity task. Experiment One demonstrates that, within a double-familiarity framework using famous names, categorial and associative priming are reliable effects. Pushing the model to the limit, it predicts that pairs of celebrities who are neither associatively- nor categorially-related but who share single biographical features, both died in a car crash for example, should prime each other. Experiment Two investigated this in a double familiarity task but the effect was not observed. We therefore simulated and realized a pairwise learning task that was conceptually similar to the double-familiarity decision task but allowed to strengthen the underlying connections. Priming based on a single biographical feature could be found both in simulations and the experiment. The effect was not due to visual or name similarity which were controlled for and participants did not report using the biographical links between the people to learn the pairs. The results are interpreted to lend further support to structural models of the memory for persons. Furthermore, the results are consistent with the idea that episodic features known about people are stored in semantic memory and are automatically activated when encountering that person.

  16. Osterbrock Prize Lecture: The Coming to Be of the Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hockey, Thomas A.

    2017-01-01

    The four-volume Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers (and cosmologists), second edition, is one of a kind: There is no discipline-specific counterpart in the physical or biological sciences. The BEA is the work of 430 authors, translators, and editors who produced biographies of approximately 1,800 persons, from the beginning of history to the beginning of the era of Big Science. How did this happen? The Editor-in-chief will give a “behind the pages” view of the construction of this first-look, first-reached-from-the-shelf reference work.

  17. Genre and Stylistic Specifics of the Modern Biographic Prose for Children

    OpenAIRE

    Ovdijchuk, Lilia

    2016-01-01

    The article deals with the specific character of the biographic and autobiographic genres on the theoretical basis of national and foreign scientists’ works, such as: O. Halych, Y. Kovaliv, O. Sobolevska, L. Strecha, M. Syrotyuk, І. Xodorkivs’kyj. In recent decades a lot of authors addressed to the teenagers appeared. These texts have novelized biography features: novelettes of O. Gavrosh, M. Morozenko, V. Rutkivs’kyj and stories of І. Andrusyak, L. Voronyna, N. Voskresens’ka, L. Denysenko, B...

  18. 崔骃年谱简编%Cui Yin Biographical Chronology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李芸华

    2014-01-01

    东汉前期重要作家崔骃才学过人,著作颇丰。年谱所依据引用的资料,大部分根据正史,也依次借鉴前人的研究成果。%Cui Yin, an important writer in Eastern Han Dynasty, was very talented, learned and productive. The references quoted in his Biographical chronology were mainly based on official history as well as the research works of the older generations.

  19. Biographical and demographical variables as moderators in the prediction of turnover intentions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janine du Plooy

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Orientation: The aim of the study was to explore the possible moderation effects of biographical and demographical variables on a prediction model of turnover intention (TI.Research purpose: The main purpose of the study was to determine how biographical and demographical variables have an impact on predictors of turnover intentions.Motivation for the study: Twenty-first century organisations face significant challenges in the management of talent and human capital. One in particular is voluntary employee turnover and the lack of appropriate business models to track this process.Research design, approach, and method: A secondary data analysis (SDA was performed in a quantitative research tradition on the cross-sectional survey sample (n = 2429. Data were collected from a large South African Information and Communication Technologies (ICT sector company (N = 23 134.Main findings: The results of the study confirmed significant moderation effects regarding race, age, and marital status in the prediction equations of TIs.Practical and managerial implications: Practical implications of the study suggested increased understanding of workforce diversity effects within the human resource (HR value chain, with resultant evidence-based, employee retention strategies and interventions. Issues concerning talent management could also be addressed.Contribution and value-add: The study described in this article took Industrial/Organisational (I/O psychological concepts and linked them in unique combinations to establish better predictive validity of a more comprehensive turnover intentions model.

  20. Memorial and biographical history of Spain: El jinete polaco by Antonio Muñoz Molina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felipe Oliver Fuentes Kraffczyk

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The novel El jinete polaco by Antonio Muñoz Molina is a highly complex work in which the narrator mixes multiple plotlines in an effort to recreate or remember part of his family past. In the process, the collective memory of the town and people of Mágina (an allegoric space that represents the peasant life of the olive growers of southern Spain appears as a rich and contradictory montage of dreams and failures. And in a third level of discourse, the recent past of Spain also emerges through the main historic al events: the civil war, the protracted military government, and the economic development and current consolidation of democracy. In order to achieve this complex and ambitious narrative project, in El jinete polaco time is not represented as uninterrupted historical timeline but as the rich mixture of the simultaneous experiences of different life courses in terms of both values and cultural patterns in order to understand how the rapid social change affects relations between the various age groups. In other words, time is constructed as a synthesis of the biographical dimension within collective memory and major historical events. This paper seeks to point out the similarities and differences between biographical discourse, collective memory and history.

  1. Breast cancer diagnosis: biographical disruption, emotional experiences and strategic management in Thai women with breast cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liamputtong, Pranee; Suwankhong, Dusanee

    2015-09-01

    In this article we draw on Bury's theory of biographical disruption to discuss the meanings of, and emotional experiences related to, being diagnosed with breast cancer among southern Thai women. Qualitative methods, including in-depth interviewing and drawing methods, were used to collect data from 20 women with breast cancer. The women perceived breast cancer to be a rhok raai; an evil or dread disease. They believed that breast cancer would lead to death. The disruption in their biography occurred when they detected abnormalities indicating breast cancer. The women's narratives revealed their chaotic lives upon this diagnosis and the news precipitated in them shock, fear, anxiety and loss of hope. Although they experienced chaos and disruption, the women cultivated strategies that helped them cope with their experiences by accepting their fate and adhering to Buddhist beliefs and practices. Through their narratives of biographical disruption, the women in our study offer healthcare providers knowledge that could lead to an appreciation of their needs and concerns. This knowledge is crucial for health professionals who wish to provide emotional support to women who have been diagnosed with breast cancer in Thailand and elsewhere. © 2015 Foundation for the Sociology of Health & Illness.

  2. Biographical work and returning to employment following a spinal cord injury.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ville, Isabelle

    2005-04-01

    The question of returning to work after the onset of severe impairment is inseparable from the biographical work that disabled people need to achieve. Qualitative analysis of interviews I carried out among people who had become paraplegic and among rehabilitation professionals offered the following insights: * During a period extending beyond rehabilitation, interviewees were absorbed by the work of coming to terms with their impairment and delegated the question of occupation to the professionals. At a later date, some of them manage to recast their biographies and gain ownership of their occupations and activities for themselves. An open environment, which offers negotiable opportunities and space for relationships to form, encourages the development of biographical work. Nowadays, the question of exclusion would appear to dominate the domain of rehabilitation. The belief that prolonged inactivity engenders marginalisation has led professionals to develop a doctrine whereby they encourage their patients to plan for their professional activities from a very early stage. Struggling with different time demands (for example, lengthy administrative procedures and reduced rehabilitation time) professionals organise their work around a new time frame which conflicts with their expertise and is difficult to reconcile with the trajectories of disabled people.

  3. "Maturing Out" and the Dynamics of the Biographical Trajectories of Hard Drug Addicts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Engel H. Prins

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available This article by the late Engel H. PRINS is based on a qualitative research project (PRINS, 1995, which focuses on the biographical experiences of hard drug addicts in the Netherlands who presented, for the most part, a polydrug pattern of drug use that included mostly heroin, but also cocaine and other drugs. His project was inspired by the influential work of Charles WINICK (1962 who had proposed the hypothesis that a large number of addicts "mature out" of their addiction in the long run. While PRINS's project was partly an attempt to discover if this hypothesis could be held up in the Netherlands and particularly in Rotterdam, a major emphasis of his research was to reconstruct the biographical processes of the addicts and to understand the dynamics of their trajectories of suffering, including the processes of "maturing out" if they "kicked the habit." Therefore, he did 65 autobiographical narrative interviews with persons who were known to be addicted to hard drugs at least ten years before the interview. The analysis of this data was carried out according to procedures of biography analysis on the basis of autobiographical narrative interviews, which were developed by SCHÜTZE (1983, 2007a, b. The article presents a theoretical framework of the different phases of a drug addiction trajectory with a special emphasis on the process of "maturing out." URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0801303

  4. Performance Evaluation for Biograph 16HR PET/CT%Biograph 16HR PET/CT性能测试与长期追踪

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚之丰; 王新村; 张建平; 章英剑

    2010-01-01

    遵照NEMA NU2-2001标准对Siemens产的Biograph 16HR型PET/CT的性能进行了测试,给出了空间分辨率、散射分数、计数丢失及随机符合、系统灵敏度及图像质量.近三年来对机器进行跟踪,还给出了稳定性表现和总体性能.CT部分参考北京疾病控制中心"CT验收程序",给出了该机器CT部分的CT值、CT均匀性、CT空间分辨率.对于PET与CT结合后的性能指标,测试给出了两者融合精度这一指标.机器三年来性能稳定,各项指标均达到要求.

  5. 浅谈SketchUp在技术图样教学中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阮程广

    2012-01-01

    Google SketchUp是google旗下一款三维设计工具软件。其拥有的诸多特点使得Sketchup相当适合应用于通用技术课中技术图样的教学。本文笔者将结合日常教学,以2009年3月份浙江省通用技术高考的三视图为例,从为何选择SketchUp用于技术图样教学说起,重点介绍SketchUp在技术图样教学中几个方面的应用,并谈谈计算机辅助设计教学对于通用技术学科发展的意义。

  6. 浅析SketchUp在室内设计专业中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张通安

    2014-01-01

    本人通过对SketchUp在室内设计专业教学中的实际应用,总结出了在室内设计工作中设计师对SketchUp越来越重视的原因。SketchUp在当今行业中迅速改变室内设计的绘图局限性,它以方便快捷、使用简单,可以快速呈现设计师的设计理念,同时可以实时地和客户沟通为特点,得到了许多设计师的青睐,逐渐成为设计师辅助设计的重要技术手段。

  7. Exploring Textiles in Architecture through Tangible Three-Dimensional Sketching Tools

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Heimdal, Elisabeth Jacobsen; Lenau, Torben Anker; O'Mahony, Marie

    This paper argues that tangible three dimensional sketching with textiles makes it more likely that these materials will be used when creating architectural spaces. Our research contributes to the more general idea that innovation in architecture and design can be stimulated by the exploration...... of new materials. With tangible three dimensional sketching, we mean an iterative process of physical model making. In two experiments with architectural students, all textile novices, spaces were modelled using a three dimensional sketching tool consisting of textiles, cardboard support and tools...... for giving form to and joining these materials. The chosen architectural task was how textiles could be used to regulate daylight by applying them to an exterior building skin or to interior spaces. Findings were that three different strategies were used: the tool was used to materialize, illustrate...

  8. Exploring Textiles in Architecture through Tangible Three-Dimensional Sketching Tools

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Heimdal, Elisabeth Jacobsen; Lenau, Torben Anker; O'Mahony, Marie

    This paper argues that tangible three dimensional sketching with textiles makes it more likely that these materials will be used when creating architectural spaces. Our research contributes to the more general idea that innovation in architecture and design can be stimulated by the exploration...... of new materials. With tangible three dimensional sketching, we mean an iterative process of physical model making. In two experiments with architectural students, all textile novices, spaces were modelled using a three dimensional sketching tool consisting of textiles, cardboard support and tools...... for giving form to and joining these materials. The chosen architectural task was how textiles could be used to regulate daylight by applying them to an exterior building skin or to interior spaces. Findings were that three different strategies were used: the tool was used to materialize, illustrate...

  9. Facilitating Consensus in Cooperative Design Processes using animation-based sketching

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vistisen, Peter; Rosenstand, Claus Andreas Foss

    2016-01-01

    from a action research case study at the North Sea Oceanarium we show that animation can act as a tool to create clear representations of the quality criteria at hand, and thus enable a richer feedback loop between the different stakeholders in the design process. The main contribution......In the following paper we show how animation can be used as a digital sketching tool to facilitate cooperative work processes when exploring the application of non-idiomatic digital technologies. Focus is on the early stages of the design process, framed as ‘product formation’. Based on the results...... is an examination of how animation can be applied as a cooperative temporal sketching tool for establishing representations of different aspects of a design, and how it can facilitate consensus between stakeholders in the design project. We propose a set of guidelines for choosing animation-based sketching...

  10. 草图大师SketchUp在建筑设计中的应用探讨%On Application of Software "SketchUp" to Architectural Design

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王宇翔

    2013-01-01

    草图大师SketchUp是一套直接面向设计方案创作过程的三维建模工具,其创作过程不仅能够充分表达设计师的思想,而且完全满足与客户即时交流的需要,它使得设计师可以直接在电脑上进行十分直观的构思,是建筑设计方案创作的优秀工具.本文通过一简易三维建模示例,结合建筑设计的特点,探讨了SketchUp在辅助建筑设计方面的应用步骤、技巧及注意事项.

  11. Google SketchUp在通风空调工程施工中的应用%Application of Google SketchUp in ventilating and air conditioning engineering

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘明

    2012-01-01

    结合某援外工程实例,介绍了运用Google SketchUp进行空调机房、空调设备及其组件、风管、建筑结构图建模的方法.使用该方法绘制施工图有利于确保工程质量、缩短工期.%With an example of China's international aid project, presents the modeling methods for air conditioning machine room, air conditioning equipment and module, air duct and building structure with Google SketchUp. Its application is favorable for ensuring construction quality and reducing the construction time of the project.

  12. 基于SketchUp与GIS的森林景观可视化实现%Forest landscape visualization based on SketchUp and GIS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴兆艳; 汤孟平

    2012-01-01

    Forest landscape visualization, a new technology, could be used in landscape design, forestry planning, and forest fire prevention by providing visual and intuitionistic three-dimensional displays. In this study of the National Nature Reserve of Mount Tianmu in Zhejiang Province, along with the development of computer hardware and software, 3D GIS industry, and forest management need, forest landscape visualization was utilized with precise 2D data mapping in AutoCAD as a basis. Then, using the SketchUp ESRI plug-in of GIS and SketchUp, shape files were transformed into identifiable.skp format data in SketchUp. The next step, was to apply intelligent software known as Google SketchUp to quickly process batch GIS data. Finally, the model was exported into Multipatch (*.mdb) format data. Results produced forest scenes, subcompart-ment lines, and three-dimensional terrain models with ArcScene, which allowed for roaming, query, data management, and spatial analysis, to provide rapid forest landscape visualization. Thus, this method could process a large region' s 3D modeling data thereby providing important reference values for forest landscape visualization and forest tourism planning. [Ch, 8 fig. 20 ref.]%森林景观可视化是随着计算机软硬件、三维地理信息系统(GIS)产业发展以及森林经营管理需求而产生的一种新技术,可在景观设计、林业规划和森林防火等方面提供形象、直观的三维空间显示.以浙江省天目山国家级自然保护区为例,以AutoCAD精确绘制的二维数据为基础,利用GIS与SketchUp之间的SketchUpESRI插件把shape文件转成SketchUp可识别的.skp格式数据,再用Google SketchUp智能化软件快速批量处理GIS数据,最后将三维模型输出为Mulitpatch (*.mdb)格式的数据.在ArcScene中,将森林场景、小班线与三维地物模型进行叠加,实现漫游、查询、数据管理及空间分析,达到快速实现森林景观可视化的目的.该方法可批

  13. Surface EMG-based Sketching Recognition Using Two Analysis Windows and Gene Expression Programming

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Zhongliang; Chen, Yumiao

    2016-01-01

    Sketching is one of the most important processes in the conceptual stage of design. Previous studies have relied largely on the analyses of sketching process and outcomes; whereas surface electromyographic (sEMG) signals associated with sketching have received little attention. In this study, we propose a method in which 11 basic one-stroke sketching shapes are identified from the sEMG signals generated by the forearm and upper arm muscles from 4 subjects. Time domain features such as integrated electromyography, root mean square and mean absolute value were extracted with analysis windows of two length conditions for pattern recognition. After reducing data dimensionality using principal component analysis, the shapes were classified using Gene Expression Programming (GEP). The performance of the GEP classifier was compared to the Back Propagation neural network (BPNN) and the Elman neural network (ENN). Feature extraction with the short analysis window (250 ms with a 250 ms increment) improved the recognition rate by around 6.4% averagely compared with the long analysis window (2500 ms with a 2500 ms increment). The average recognition rate for the eleven basic one-stroke sketching patterns achieved by the GEP classifier was 96.26% in the training set and 95.62% in the test set, which was superior to the performance of the BPNN and ENN classifiers. The results show that the GEP classifier is able to perform well with either length of the analysis window. Thus, the proposed GEP model show promise for recognizing sketching based on sEMG signals. PMID:27790083

  14. Review of the Urban Planning Aided by ArcGIS and SketchUp%ArcGIS结合SketchUp辅助城市规划的综述

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐昌荣; 孙涛; 仲军华

    2008-01-01

    通过对ArcGIS和SketchUp的介绍以及二者结合应用,说明城市规划由二维向三维过渡将是一个发展趋势,并且符合城市规划中海量数据存储的要求,对于利用三维辅助规划将非常有益.

  15. 基于SketchUp构建虚拟景观的方法研究%Study on the Method of Virtual Landscape Reconstruction Based on SketchUp

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张瑞菊

    2012-01-01

    SketchUp is a kind of software which is simple to learn and can establish, display, edit 3D model that is compact and refined more easily than other 3D design software. So how to reconstruct virtual landscape quickly, high efficiently and low costly based on SketchUp was considered in this paper. Technical scheme was listed here, and the implement methods of geometry modeling and texture mapping were described after detailed analyzing them. In order to reduce data size of 3d model, some model optimization methods were presented. Beijing University of Civil Engineering and Architecture is taken as an example and the good effects are acquired. Experiment results show all the relevant methods are feasible.%SketchUp软件简便易学,可迅速构建、显示、编辑三维模型,避免了其他三维设计软件的复杂性,且生成的模型简洁、精细,因此基于SketchUp软件,研究快速、高效、低成本地构建虚拟景观的方法,提出几何建模的技术方案,对几何建模和纹理映射的方法进行详尽地分;沂并重点介绍它们实现的方法,为减少三维模型数据量提出一些模型优化处理的相关方法,以北京:建筑工程学院虚拟校园建设为实例,验证方法切实可行.

  16. SketchUp辅助工程制图教学应用浅析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李晔; 李强

    2013-01-01

    利用SketchUp软件具有操作简单、快速建模、易于修改等特点,本文以组合体和剖视图为例,探讨了将SketchUp应用于工程制图的教学实践方法.通过构建模型实现二维图形与三维立体的转换,使得空间构思过程直观化、可视化、动态化,拓展学生空间思维能力.

  17. SketchUp在虚拟山地建模中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李刚; 牛坤

    2011-01-01

    基于SketchUp软件快速高效的三维建模方法,直观便捷的三维观察方法再配合实地照片及Google Earth相关卫星图片,可以准确有效地模拟及再现山地场景。通过举例,探究了用SketchUp软件及ArcGIS3D分析模块对大面积山体进行快速建模的技术。

  18. Time spent by people managing chronic obstructive pulmonary disease indicates biographical disruption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jowsey, Tanisha; Yen, Laurann E; Bagheri, Nasser; McRae, Ian S

    2014-01-01

    Since Bury's 1982 proposal that chronic illness creates biographical disruption for those who are living with it, there has been no effort to quantitatively measure such disruption. "Biographical disruption" refers to the substantial and directive influence that chronic illness can have over the course of a person's life. Qualitative research and time use studies have demonstrated that people with chronic illnesses spend considerable amounts of time managing their health, and that these demands may change over time. This study was designed to measure the time that older people with chronic illnesses spend on selected health practices as one indicator of biographical disruption. We look specifically at the time use of people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). As part of a larger time use survey, a recall questionnaire was mailed to 3,100 members of Lung Foundation Australia in 2011. A total of 681 responses were received (22.0% response rate), 611 of which were from people with COPD. Descriptive analyses were undertaken on the amount of time spent on selected health-related activities including personal care, nonclinical health-related care, and activity relating to health services. Almost all people with COPD report spending some time each day on personal or home-based health-related tasks, with a median time of 15 minutes per day spent on these activities. At the median, people also report spending about 30 minutes per day exercising, 2.2 hours per month (the equivalent of 4.4 minutes per day) on nonclinical health-related activities, and 4.1 hours per month (equivalent to 8.2 minutes per day) on clinical activities. Excluding exercise, the median total time spent on health-related activities was 17.8 hours per month (or 35.6 minutes per day). For people in the top 10% of time use, the total amount of time was more than 64.6 hours per month (or 2.2 hours per day) excluding exercise, and 104 hours per month (or 3.5 hours per day) including exercise

  19. Towards establishing biographical and business background profiles of entrepreneurs from two ethnic and gender groups

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. L. Schutte

    1995-06-01

    Full Text Available The literature on the biographical backgrounds of entrepreneurs seems to contain many contradictory findings. This situation can partly be due to the assumption that samples of entrepreneurs were homogeneous rather than heterogeneous. It appears as if female entrepreneurs have been less well researched than their male counterparts. Differences in the biographical backgrounds and business situation of, respectively, the white and the black entrepreneurs in South Africa have been assumed but little empirical evidence exists in this respect. Black en-trepreneurs, and female entrepreneurs are in most developed societies' minority groups and have not specifically been studied in depth - hence the present study. The biographical and business backgrounds of 569 South African entrepreneurs (106 Black and 463 White; 136 female and 433 male were studied. One-way Analyses of Variance and Chi-squared followed by Discriminant analyses were carried out to determine whether, respectively, black and white entrepreneurs and male and female entrepreneurs differed in terms of the variables studied. Significant differences between the total group of male and female subjects were found on only five variables. White and black entrepreneurs differed statistically significantly on 16 of the 30 variables studied. Opsomming Die literatuur oor die biografiese agtergronde van entrepreneurs skyn baie teenstrydige bevindinge te bevat. Hierdie kan moontlik deels toegeskryf word aan die aanname dat steekproewe van entrepreneurs eerder homogeen eerder as heterogeen is. Dit skyn asof minder navorsing oor vroulike as oor manlike entrepreneurs gedoen is. Ten spyte van aannames in die verband, bestaan min empiriese gegewens oor die biografiese agtergronde en sake-situasie van respektiewelik wit en swart Suid-Afrikaanse entrepreneurs. Swart en vroulike entrepreneurs is in meeste gemeenskappe minderheidsgroepe en is nog nie in diepte bestudeer nie, daarom die huidige studie. Die

  20. How does biographic-narrative intervention influence identity negotiation and quality of life in aphasia? - The participants' perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jürgen Konradi

    2014-04-01

    The quantitative and the qualitative results were complementary in demonstrating the effectiveness of the biographic-narrative intervention. As predicted, there was a specific treatment effect with a significant and stable improvement in QoL. Analysis of the semi-structured interviews indicated that through the approach the participants’ sense of self changed. The findings provide foundations for future work into intervention.

  1. Transformative Learning and the Form That Transforms: Towards a Psychosocial Theory of Recognition Using Auto/ Biographical Narrative Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    West, Linden

    2014-01-01

    In this article, I interrogate the changing forms that may be fundamental to transformative learning and how these are best chronicled and understood. Drawing on auto/biographical narrative research, I challenge the continuing primacy of a kind of overly disembodied, decontextualized cognition as the basis of transformation. Notions of epistemic…

  2. Autobiographical reasoning in life narratives buffers the effect of biographical disruptions on the sense of self-continuity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Habermas, Tilmann; Köber, Christin

    2015-01-01

    Personal identity depends on synchronic coherence and diachronic continuity of the self. Autobiographical remembering and autobiographical knowledge as well as the stability of bodily integrity, of social roles, of significant others and of physical and sociocultural environment have been suggested as supporting a pre-reflective sense of self-continuity. Stark biographical discontinuities or disruptions in these areas may destabilise the sense of self-continuity. To test the hypothesis that autobiographical reasoning in life narratives helps to compensate the effects of biographical discontinuities on the sense of self-continuity, life narratives of a lifespan sample with the ages of 16, 20, 24, 28, 44 and 69 (N = 150, 78 female) were investigated. Results confirm that if, and only if there have been biographical disruptions in the past four years, then autobiographical reasoning correlates positively with a sense of self-continuity. The findings contradict the thesis that mere remembering of past episodes is sufficient to maintain a sense of self-continuity under conditions of biographical change.

  3. Biographical introduction, Summary of Contents (manuscript version), Summary of Contents (Latin edition) and Summary of Contents (German edition)

    OpenAIRE

    Aspaas, Per Pippin

    2016-01-01

    This file contains a biographical introduction on Maximilianus (Maximilian) Hell (1720-1792) followed by summaries of contents of all three known versions of his treatise on the Aurora Borealis, the 'Lucis Boreæ Theoria nova' (manuscript version, c. 1770), 'Aurorae Borealis Theoria Nova' (Latin edition, 1776) and 'Neue Theorie des Nordlichtes' (German edition, 1792).

  4. "De nobis ipsis silemus?": Epistemology of Biographical- Narrative Research in Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Bolivar Botía

    2002-05-01

    Full Text Available The article analyzes how biographical-narrative research has currently become a perspective or specific approach in educational research, rather than just another qualitative methodology to be added to the rest. This type of research changes the usual concepts of what is considered knowledge in social science, and what is important to know. However, since modern times there has been a methodological deficiency in the justification of this type of research (validity, generalization and reliability. This study pulls together and describes the main lines of support for autobiographical accounts, critically analyzing the theoretical and epistemological disputes that have arisen in the last few years (positivism vs. hermeneutics, paradigmatic method vs. narration of data analysis. The paper also deals with the limitations and epistemological problems that arise from the defense of a strictly narrative data focus, and how this can be compatible with the paradigmatic ways of knowing.

  5. "I Will Never Become a Soldier for You!": The Relevance of Biographical Learning for Political Action

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Neugebauer

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available This article focuses on the biographical dimension of the processes of developing political awareness and the significance for consistency in political action. It is based on a single case study which was developed within an oral history project in the 1980s. A new reconstruction of a worker's narrative about his refusal to serve in the army and subsequent flight during the National-Socialist period shows how personal desires for change and institutionalized political patterns of interpretation and action are intertwined. The protagonist could cope with times of extremely restricted latitude for action, as was the case in the Nazi era, acquiring personal learning or crisis management skills as long as there was hope for future emancipation and social integration. In the postwar period the dissipation of this perspective lead to a reduction in his individual ability to take political action. URN: http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs1102118

  6. History of Shock Waves, Explosions and Impact A Chronological and Biographical Reference

    CERN Document Server

    Krehl, Peter O. K

    2009-01-01

    This unique and encyclopedic reference work charts the evolution of the physics of shock waves and detonations from the earliest investigations into percussion and impact phenomena right up to the most recent groundbreaking research in the field. The history of this long and complex process is first reviewed in a general survey that encompasses everything from the earliest observations and interpretations of puzzling high-rate dynamic phenomena associated with natural and man-made explosions to a discussion of the merits of modern numerical computer simulations. The subject is then treated in more detail and in chronological order in the central section of the book, while also being richly illustrated in form of a picture gallery. The bibliographic index provides 122 short biographies of eminent researchers who have contributed to the field. Further references for biographical sources are given, and both name and subject indices (with over 4500 and 2700 entries, respectively) are provided. "This book is of tr...

  7. Obituaries, past and present: from the fast food biographical narrative to a newspaper literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Willian Vieira

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-8026.2017v70n1p143 This article offers a panorama of the cultural phenomena of obituary publishing and reading, both on newspapers in English, their original locus, and anthologies. It relates the appearance of this specific genre and its hegemonic lasting in contemporary American and British newspapers to the biographical, instantaneous and literary aspects of its narrative. The reasons for the extemporaneous interest of the reader in a genre that often migrates from the ephemerality of newspapers to long-lasting print anthologies is searched for in its romanesque configuration, itself originated from other genres and formed by discourses of life and death, ultimately legitimized by the truth discourse of the Press. Hence, the obituary would be consumed, esthetically, both as an ethically profound true story and as easy literature.

  8. Show me what you’ve got - the influence of combined sketching on idea generation in teams

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Neumann, A.; Badke-Schaub, P.; Lauche, K.

    2009-01-01

    The present study investigates the influence of common sketches on the idea generation process in early concept generation. Thirty-six teams of three design students were given a small task in which they were asked to come up with visualized ideas. In the control groups, team members sketched on an

  9. Socio-technical PSS development to improve functionality and usability - Sketch planning using a Maptable

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vonk, G.A.; Ligtenberg, A.

    2010-01-01

    Planning Support Systems (PSS) for collaborative sketch planning have not become widely used in planning practice. Important reasons are inadequate functionality and usability. In this article we question if following a socio-technical method in PSS development could lead to PSS with better function

  10. SimLandScape, a sketching tool for collaborative spatial planning

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ligtenberg, A.; Vries, de E.A.; Vreenegoor, R.; Bulens, J.D.

    2011-01-01

    Interactive spatial planning requires the development of planning support systems (PSSs) that are specifically tailored to support the exchange of ideas and visions during the planning process. This article presents SimLandScape, a client-server-based PSS designed to combine sketching and geographic

  11. Coarse Level Sketch Based Image Retreival Using Gray Level CoOccurance Matrix

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Arundeepthi,

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper proposes a method of Content based image retrieval (CBIR using sketches, which is one of the most popular, rising research areas of the digital image processing. Most of the available image search tools, such as Google Images and Yahoo! Image search, are based on textual annotation of images. In these tools, images are manually annotated with keywords and then retrieved using text-based search methods. The performances of these systems are not satisfactory. The goal of CBIR is to extract visual content of an image automatically, like color, texture, or shape. The proposed method used to introduce the design and the creation of CBIR systems, which is based on a free hand sketch (Sketch based image retrieval – SBIR. In this method, we are using texture as feature for image retrieval. The texture features are obtained by using gray-level co-occurrence matrix (GLCM.This process can be used as coarse level in hierarchical CBIR that reduces the database size from very large set to a small one. This tiny database can further be scrutinized rigorously using the wavelets, edge detection, etc. The sketch based system allows users an intuitive access to search-tools. This process can be implemented in MATLAB simulation.

  12. Interplay of Computer and Paper-Based Sketching in Graphic Design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pan, Rui; Kuo, Shih-Ping; Strobel, Johannes

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to investigate student designers' attitude and choices towards the use of computers and paper sketches when involved in a graphic design process. 65 computer graphic technology undergraduates participated in this research. A mixed method study with survey and in-depth interviews was applied to answer the research…

  13. Does sketching stand alone as a communication tool during concept generation in design teams?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nik Ahmad Ariff, N.S.; Badke-Schaub, P.G.; Eris, O.

    2012-01-01

    The present study investigates the relation between sketching and communication in teams during the idea generation process in early concept generation. A quasi-experiment study has been conducted with Masters students of Industrial Design Engineering at Delft University of Technology, Netherlands.

  14. Responses to "Sketching the Contours of the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning in Theology and Religion"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Locklin, Reid B.; Robinson, Joanne Maguire; Pence, Nadine S.

    2013-01-01

    The three short essays collected in this manuscript respond to Patricia O'Connell Killen and Eugene V. Gallagher's "Sketching the Contours in the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning in Theology and Religion," published in issue 16, no. 2 of this journal (2013). See additional responses by Charles R. Foster, Stephen Brookfield,…

  15. Responses to "Sketching the Contours of the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning in Theology and Religion"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Locklin, Reid B.; Robinson, Joanne Maguire; Pence, Nadine S.

    2013-01-01

    The three short essays collected in this manuscript respond to Patricia O'Connell Killen and Eugene V. Gallagher's "Sketching the Contours in the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning in Theology and Religion," published in issue 16, no. 2 of this journal (2013). See additional responses by Charles R. Foster, Stephen Brookfield,…

  16. A Multi-view Interpretation of Sunshine Sketches of a Little Town

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Jie

    2015-01-01

    Stephen Leacock's masterpiece Sunshine Sketches of a Little Town is considered as one of the most enduring classics of Canadian humorous literature.This paper discusses the novel from the viewpoints of character analysis,Mariposa understanding and humor explanation to help the readers gain a better knowledge.

  17. Conversations around design sketches: use of communication channels for sharing mental models during concept generation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nik Ahmad Ariff, N.S.; Badke-Schaub, P.G.; Eris, O.

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, we present an exploratory protocol study on the use of different communication channels during design sketching. We focus on how individual designers share their mental models with other designers in a group, and analyze their use of graphical, textual, and verbal communications

  18. Conversations around design sketches: use of communication channels for sharing mental models during concept generation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nik Ahmad Ariff, N.S.; Badke-Schaub, P.G.; Eris, O.

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, we present an exploratory protocol study on the use of different communication channels during design sketching. We focus on how individual designers share their mental models with other designers in a group, and analyze their use of graphical, textual, and verbal communications durin

  19. Interplay of Computer and Paper-Based Sketching in Graphic Design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pan, Rui; Kuo, Shih-Ping; Strobel, Johannes

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to investigate student designers' attitude and choices towards the use of computers and paper sketches when involved in a graphic design process. 65 computer graphic technology undergraduates participated in this research. A mixed method study with survey and in-depth interviews was applied to answer the research…

  20. Socio-technical PSS development to improve functionality and usability - Sketch planning using a Maptable

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vonk, G.A.; Ligtenberg, A.

    2010-01-01

    Planning Support Systems (PSS) for collaborative sketch planning have not become widely used in planning practice. Important reasons are inadequate functionality and usability. In this article we question if following a socio-technical method in PSS development could lead to PSS with better function

  1. DUL Radio: A light-weight, wireless toolkit for sketching in hardware

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brynskov, Martin; Lunding, Rasmus; Vestergaard, Lasse Steenbock

    2011-01-01

    In this paper we present the first version of DUL Radio, a small, wireless toolkit for sketching sensor-based interaction. It is a concrete attempt to develop a platform that balances ease of use (learning, setup, initialization), size, speed, flexibility and cost, aimed at wearable and ultra...

  2. Narrating Regional Identity in Tourism--Sketches from the Austrian Danube Valley

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ploner, Josef

    2009-01-01

    This article sketches the processes of regionalisation in the realm of present day tourism. By exploring issues of "regional culture" and "diversity" in Austria, and more particular, in the highly symbolic Danube valley "Wachau", the article shows how the imaginaries of contested cultural spaces--be they…

  3. A Multi-view Interpretation of Sunshine Sketches of a Little Town

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li; Jie

    2015-01-01

    Stephen Leacock’s masterpiece Sunshine Sketches of a Little Town is considered as one of the most enduring classics of Canadian humorous literature.This paper discusses the novel from the viewpoints of character analysis,Mariposa understanding and humor explanation to help the readers gain a better knowledge.

  4. Energy Design Plugin: An EnergyPlus Plugin for SketchUp; Preprint

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ellis, P. G.; Torcellini, P. A.; Crawley, D. B.

    2008-08-01

    This paper describes the Energy Design Plugin, a new software plugin that aims to integrate simulation as a tool during the earliest phases of the design process. The plugin couples the EnergyPlus whole-building simulation engine to the Google SketchUp drawing program.

  5. Time spent by people managing chronic obstructive pulmonary disease indicates biographical disruption

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jowsey T

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Tanisha Jowsey, Laurann E Yen, Nasser Bagheri, Ian S McRaeAustralian Primary Health Care Research Institute, Australian National University, Acton, ACT, AustraliaAbstract: Since Bury's 1982 proposal that chronic illness creates biographical disruption for those who are living with it, there has been no effort to quantitatively measure such disruption. “Biographical disruption” refers to the substantial and directive influence that chronic illness can have over the course of a person's life. Qualitative research and time use studies have demonstrated that people with chronic illnesses spend considerable amounts of time managing their health, and that these demands may change over time. This study was designed to measure the time that older people with chronic illnesses spend on selected health practices as one indicator of biographical disruption. We look specifically at the time use of people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD. As part of a larger time use survey, a recall questionnaire was mailed to 3,100 members of Lung Foundation Australia in 2011. A total of 681 responses were received (22.0% response rate, 611 of which were from people with COPD. Descriptive analyses were undertaken on the amount of time spent on selected health-related activities including personal care, nonclinical health-related care, and activity relating to health services. Almost all people with COPD report spending some time each day on personal or home-based health-related tasks, with a median time of 15 minutes per day spent on these activities. At the median, people also report spending about 30 minutes per day exercising, 2.2 hours per month (the equivalent of 4.4 minutes per day on nonclinical health-related activities, and 4.1 hours per month (equivalent to 8.2 minutes per day on clinical activities. Excluding exercise, the median total time spent on health-related activities was 17.8 hours per month (or 35.6 minutes per day. For people in the

  6. Quantitative comparison of PET performance—Siemens Biograph mCT and mMR

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Karlberg, Anna M.; Sæther, Oddbjørn [Department of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, St. Olavs Hospital, Olav Kyrres gt 17, 7006 Trondheim (Norway); Eikenes, Live [Department of Circulation and Medical Imaging, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Postbox 8905, 7491 Trondheim (Norway); Goa, Pål Erik [Department of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, St. Olavs Hospital, Olav Kyrres gt 17, 7006 Trondheim (Norway); Department of Physics, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim (Norway)

    2016-02-25

    Integrated clinical whole-body PET/MR systems were introduced in 2010. In order to bring this technology into clinical usage, it is of great importance to compare the performance with the well-established PET/CT. The aim of this study was to evaluate PET performance, with focus on image quality, on Siemens Biograph mMR (PET/MR) and Siemens Biograph mCT (PET/CT). A direct quantitative comparison of the performance characteristics between the mMR and mCT system was performed according to National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA) NU 2-2007 protocol. Spatial resolution, sensitivity, count rate and image quality were evaluated. The evaluation was supplemented with additional standardized uptake value (SUV) measurements. The spatial resolution was similar for the two systems. Average sensitivity was higher for the mMR (13.3 kcps/MBq) compared to the mCT system (10.0 kcps/MBq). Peak noise equivalent count rate (NECR) was slightly higher for the mMR (196 kcps @ 24.4 kBq/mL) compared to the mCT (186 kcps @ 30.1 kBq/mL). Scatter fractions in the clinical activity concentration range yielded lower values for the mCT (34.9 %) compared to those for the mMR (37.0 %). Best image quality of the systems resulted in approximately the same mean hot sphere contrast and a difference of 19 percentage points (pp) in mean cold contrast, in favour of the mCT. In general, point spread function (PSF) increased hot contrast and time of flight (TOF) increased both hot and cold contrast. Highest hot contrast for the smallest sphere (10 mm) was achieved with the combination of TOF and PSF on the mCT. Lung residual error was higher for the mMR (22 %) than that for the mCT (17 %), with no effect of PSF. With TOF, lung residual error was reduced to 8 % (mCT). SUV was accurate for both systems, but PSF caused overestimations for the 13-, 17- and 22-mm spheres. Both systems proved good performance characteristics, and the PET image quality of the mMR was close to that of the m

  7. Air Temperature Variation and Mutation Analysis of the Twenty-Four Solar Terms in Xi'an over 60 Years%近60年西安市24节气气温变化特征及突变分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈姣姣; 徐虹; 李建科; 王靖; 高红燕; 杨新

    2013-01-01

    Based on daily air temperature from 1951-2010, mean air temperature (MAT) and the beginning-day air temperature (BAT), variation characteristics of the twenty-four solar terms in Xi'an were examined. MAT and BAT of phenological solar terms (Waking of Insects, Pure Brightness, Lesser Fullness of Grain and Grain in Beard) were used. We found that MAT of Lesser Heat and Greater Heat was higher than other solar terms, Lesser Cold was the coldest in all. Ending-day air temperature (EAT) was higher than BAT in each solar term from Greater Cold to Lesser Heat, and was lower than BAT in each solar term from Greater Heat to Lesser Cold. Curve of MAT variation of contiguous solar terms showed a single peak at Pure Brightness which was 3.4℃ higher than the Spring Equinox and single valley at the Beginning of Winter which was 3.9℃ lower than Frost's Descent. Daily MAT of seasonal solar terms varied as follows: spring (+0.190℃/ d) > autumn (-0.180℃/d) > winter (-0.105℃/d) > summer (+0.086℃/d). Daily MAT during the Beginning of Winter(-0.303℃/d), Waking of Insects (+0.233℃/d), Lesser Snow(-0.220℃/d) and Spring Equinox(+0.219℃/d) varied violently. MAT and BAT of most twenty-four solar terms showed a significant rising trend in the 1990s or 2000s, but BAT of autumn and winter solar terms did not change significantly in decadal temperature from 1951 to 2010. In 2000s, MAT of the Beginning of Spring, Greater Heat, the Beginning of Autumn, the End of Heat and the Winter Solstice dropped instead of rise. BAT and MAT of Waking of Insects rose in 1998 and 2008 at the 0.05 significant level, then in 2001 and 2010 at the 0.01 significant level. Pure Brightness and Lesser Fullness of Grain suddenly wanned in the 1990s (1999 and 1993), with 0.05 significant level at the beginning of 2000s (2004 and 2003) and 0.01 significant level in the mid-2000s (2006 and 2006). MAT and BAT of Grain in Beard showed a periodic rising and dropping trend, when it suddenly dropped at the

  8. Three-Dimensional Digital Campus Based on Google Earth and SketchUp%基于Google Earth与SketchUp的3维数字校园

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐华林; 周丽芸; 范冲

    2011-01-01

    以中南大学校本部为例,基于Google Earth软件平台,结合SketchUp的3维建模功能,建立3维校园模型。该方法实现了两种3维模型的浏览方式,为模型的上传提供了一种行之有效的方法。同时,对表面纹理绘制和贴图进行了探讨并提出相应的步骤。%Taking the main campus of Central South University as an example,and combined with the function of three-dimensional modeling for buildings of SketchUp,the three-dimensional model of campus is built up based on the platform of Google Earth.The way can provide two methods of browse for the three-dimensional model of campus,and an effective method of uploading 3D models.Meanwhile,we discuss how to create the superficial texture and stick it to models.Finally,we give the corresponding approach on this issue.

  9. Organisational climate, biographical factors, and job satisfaction : a national survey of nurses in the Republic of Ireland

    OpenAIRE

    Curtis, Elizabeth Ann

    2005-01-01

    Background and Justification for the Study: This study grew out of a longstanding interest in job satisfaction and its relationship with organisational climate. Several research studies have demonstrated the importance of employee job satisfaction. There is, however, a general consensus in the literature on nursing that job satisfaction among nurses is relatively low. The effects of biographical factors, such as age and gender, on job satisfaction have been examined in previous studies but th...

  10. The effect of preapplication of corticosteroids on skin irritation and performance of the GlucoWatch G2 Biographer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tamada, Janet A; Davis, Tara L; Leptien, Amy D; Lee, Jonathan; Wang, Betty; Lopatin, Margarita; Wei, Charles; Wilson, Don; Comyns, Kathleen; Eastman, Richard C

    2004-06-01

    Skin irritation due to iontophoresis may limit the frequency of use of devices for drug delivery or transdermal extraction of analytes of clinical interest. This study examined whether preapplication of corticosteroid preparations could reduce skin irritation from iontophoresis used by the GlucoWatch G2 Biographer (Cygnus, Inc., Redwood City, CA) in monitoring interstitial glucose levels frequently and automatically. Numerous corticosteroid preparations were screened to identify formulations that did not interfere with adhesion of the Biographer to the skin or glucose sensing. Kenalog (Westwood-Squibb Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Buffalo, NY) (triamcinolone acetonide) and Cortizone-10 Quick Shot (Pfizer, Inc., New York, NY) (hydrocortisone) sprays were selected and, in a double-masked, randomized, controlled trial, were applied to the forearms of 66 subjects with diabetes and allowed to dry. Biographers were applied and worn for 15 h, and home blood glucose measurements were taken every 30 min to assess accuracy. Irritation was assessed periodically by trained observers and study subjects. Skin irritation was reduced by both corticosteroid sprays, with the fraction of subjects who experienced moderate irritation reduced by 57% and 43% for the Kenalog and Cortizone-10 Quick Shot sprays, respectively. The treatment effect persisted at the 1-week assessment. Preapplication of these preparations did not affect the clinical utility of interstitial glucose readings. Preapplication of Kenalog or Cortizone-10 Quick Shot sprays significantly reduced skin irritation due to iontophoresis, and did not interfere with glucose measurements. This approach may enable the minority of users who experience moderate to severe skin irritation to use the Biographer more frequently for diabetes management.

  11. 基于SketchUp和ArcGIS三维虚拟校园模型的设计与实现%Design and Realization of 3D Virtual Campus Model Based on Sketch Up and ArcGIS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周鹏

    2016-01-01

    以校区为例,基于SketchUp和ArcGIS软件的主要理论和建模方法,探讨了三维校园模型的构建,表面纹理贴图,了解了SketchUp和ArcGIS结合建模的具体流程,实现了校区的三维动画漫游。%Based on the theory and modeling method of Sketch Up and ArcGIS, this paper discusses the building and sur-face texture mapping of 3D campus model, gets the detailed process of modeling with Sketch Up and ArcGIS, and realizes the 3D animation of campus.

  12. By-Talk on the Operational Method of "Sketchup"%SketchUp使用杂谈

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵强

    2005-01-01

    SketchUp是相当简单而令人惊讶的强大工具,可以迅速地建构、显示、编辑3D模型。它融合了铅笔画的优美与自然笔触,以及现今数位媒体的速度与灵活性。喜欢手描素描图但发现CAD相当麻烦而有挫折感的人,将会感谢SketchUp的独特性与方法。它没有烦琐的命令操作,一切操作都是直观和三维的,非常适合建筑师在方案草图阶段推敲整体、局部、形体和细节时使用。

  13. Detector and Event Visualization with SketchUp at the CMS Experiment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sakuma, Tai; McCauley, Thomas

    2014-06-01

    We have created 3D models of the CMS detector and particle collision events in SketchUp, a 3D modelling program. SketchUp provides a Ruby API which we use to interface with the CMS Detector Description to create 3D models of the CMS detector. With the Ruby API, we also have created an interface to the JSON-based event format used for the iSpy event display to create 3D models of CMS events. These models have many applications related to 3D representation of the CMS detector and events. Figures produced based on these models were used in conference presentations, journal publications, technical design reports for the detector upgrades, art projects, outreach programs, and other presentations.

  14. Detector and event visualization with SketchUp at the CMS experiment

    CERN Document Server

    Sakuma, Tai

    2014-01-01

    We have created 3D models of the CMS detector and particle collision events in SketchUp, a 3D modelling program. SketchUp provides a Ruby API which we use to interface with the CMS Detector Description to create 3D models of the CMS detector. With the Ruby API, we also have created an interface to the JSON-based event format used for the iSpy event display to create 3D models of CMS events. These models have many applications related to 3D representation of the CMS detector and events. Figures produced based on these models were used in conference presentations, journal publications, technical design reports for the detector upgrades, art projects, outreach programs, and other presentations.

  15. Thinking about sketch teaching%素描教学思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯天

    2012-01-01

      素描是造型艺术的基础,是从事与视觉艺术相关专业人员的必修课。本文从素描教学入手,系统阐述了素描艺术、教学任务、教学方法,深入思考素描教学过程中几个关键性问题。%  Sketch is the base of the plastic arts and visual arts, is engaged in the relevant professional staff required course. This article from the sketch teaching, systematically expounds the drawing art, the task of teaching, teaching methods, deeply think about several key issues in the process of sketch teaching.

  16. THE SKETCHES OF MINANGKABAU SOCIETY IN NUR ST. ISKANDAR’S AND HAMKA’S NOVELS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yasnur Asri

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to describe the sketches of Minangkabau society before independence as reflected in Nur St. Iskandar’s and Hamka’s novels. In Iskandar’s novel, a good character in society is a Western educated person who is an employer at the Dutch office. In Hamka’s novel, a good character of society is one holding religious (Islam education and working as an entrepreneur. Both characters reflect a social group who tends to demonstrate rationality and good attitude, but opposes any tradition that contradicts religion (Islam. The life sketches reflected in Nur St. Iskandar’s and Hamka’s novels also have impacts on the Minangkabau societies’ way of thinking.

  17. Psychometric and biographical correlates of drunk-driving recidivism and treatment program compliance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peck, R C; Arstein-Kerslake, G W; Helander, C J

    1994-11-01

    The primary objective of this study was to assess the extent to which drunk-driving (DUI) recidivism and DUI treatment program compliance could be predicted from psychometric, biographical, drinking history and prior-driving-record variables. These analyses were performed on data from 7,316 DUI offenders initially collected in Sacramento County, California, from September 1977 through January 1981. For most analyses, the recidivism measure was a composite of major convictions (DUI, reckless, hit-and-run), nighttime (6 PM-6 AM) and alcohol-related accidents during the 4-year interval following treatment assignment. The prediction of recidivism was highly significant for both the construct sample and the 25% cross-validation sample. The predictive accuracy was low, however, as evidenced by multiple Rs of recidivism generated for each individual by the regression equation were cross tabulated by other criteria of interest, including total accidents and total injury and fatal accidents. Offenders at high risk of recidivating had substantially higher rates of accidents. The results indicate that reasonably accurate prediction of recidivism is only possible for discriminating between offenders at the extremes of the recidivism expectancy distribution. The above approach was also used to isolate factors predictive of program compliance (successfully completing treatment). In all cases, the prediction of compliance was highly statistically significant. In general, compliance was much more predictable than was subsequent DUI recidivism. Those offenders having a high probability of being noncompliant were much more likely to recidivate and have accidents than were those with favorable compliance expectancies.

  18. From biographical lexicon to scholarly edition: the question of sustainability of digital editions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matija Ogrin

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper deals with the issues of digital curation, including storage formats, presentation,and access rights, in the frame of the case-study of two projects on digitisation of written materials: the Scholarly digital editions of Slovenian literature and the Slovenian biographical lexicon. Three basic aspects of digital curation, including preservation, are discussed. The first aspect is the sustainability of our digital format, i.e. of our textencoding;where the international standards and best practices are used, particularly the TEI Guidelines for Electronic Text Encoding and Interchange as a self-documenting, transparent and widely adopted de-facto standard. The second aspect is the presentation and search over the materials, where the static HTML pages and the Fedora Commons repository with SoLR full-text search are used. The last aspect deals with the access rights to the materials: in what format and for whom, and under what conditions are the texts made available. The argument on maximum openness as is embodied in the Creative Commons a licence was adopted as most applicative solution for the presented digital editions.

  19. Biographic and behavioral factors are associated with music-related motor skills in children pianists.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spector, June T; Yong, Raymond; Altenmüller, Eckart; Jabusch, Hans-Christian

    2014-10-01

    This study aimed to identify biographical and behavioral factors associated with children pianists' motor skills using an objective assessment of a music-relevant motor task. Motor skills at the piano were assessed in 30 children pianists by measuring temporal unevenness in standardized scale playing using musical instrument digital interface (MIDI)-based scale analysis. Questionnaires were used to collect detailed information about the amount of time playing the piano, practice characteristics, attitudes toward music and practice, and the environment of music and practice. Associations between performance values and variables from the questionnaire were investigated using multivariable linear regression. A higher number of years playing the piano, more frequent parental involvement in the child's practice, more frequent practice of technical exercises, and greater enjoyment of practice and of the visual arts were associated with better motor performance. In addition to cumulative experience and aspects of practice, extrinsic motivational factors (e.g., parental interest) and intrinsic motivational factors (e.g., an artistic disposition) were associated with better performance on a musically-relevant motor task in children pianists.

  20. Performance evaluation of Biograph PET/CT system based on Monte Carlo simulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Bing; Gao, Fei; Liu, Hua-Feng

    2010-10-01

    Combined lutetium oxyorthosilicate (LSO) Biograph PET/CT is developed by Siemens Company and has been introduced into medical practice. There is no septa between the scintillator rings, the acquisition mode is full 3D mode. The PET components incorporate three rings of 48 detector blocks which comprises a 13×13 matrix of 4×4×20mm3 elements. The patient aperture is 70cm, the transversal field of view (FOV) is 58.5cm, and the axial field of view is 16.2cm. The CT components adopt 16 slices spiral CT scanner. The physical performance of this PET/CT scanner has been evaluated using Monte Carlo simulation method according to latest NEMA NU 2-2007 standard and the results have been compared with real experiment results. For PET part, in the center FOV the average transversal resolution is 3.67mm, the average axial resolution is 3.94mm, and the 3D-reconstructed scatter fraction is 31.7%. The sensitivities of the PET scanner are 4.21kcps/MBq and 4.26kcps/MBq at 0cm and 10cm off the center of the transversal FOV. The peak NEC is 95.6kcps at a concentration of 39.2kBq/ml. The spatial resolution of CT part is up to 1.12mm at 10mm off the center. The errors between simulated and real results are permitted.

  1. A System for Generating Operational Sketches Based on the Multi-level Graphic Library

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    BAO Zhen-qiang; WANG Ning-sheng

    2001-01-01

    This paper points out the limitations of both parametric and geometric model methodscommonly applied to generate operational sketches in CAPP. The ideas of multi-level graphic library areintroduced and a new generative method based on this library which combines parametric method withgeometric model method is presented. The principles and characteristics of the construction of the library aredescribed in detail and the feature data structure corresponding with the library is also presented.

  2. 2D Sketch based recognition of 3D freeform shapes by using the RBF Neural Network

    OpenAIRE

    Qin, S F; Sun, Guangmin; Wright, D K; Lim, S.; Khan, U.; Mao, C.

    2005-01-01

    This paper presents a novel free-form surface recognition method from 2D freehand sketching. The approach is based on the Radial basis function (RBF), an artificial intelligence technique. A simple three-layered network has been designed and constructed. After training and testing with two types of surfaces (four sided boundary surfaces and four close section surfaces), it has been shown that the method is useful in freeform surface recognition. The testing results are very satisfactory.

  3. 2D sketch based recognition of 3D freeform shape by using the RBF neural network

    OpenAIRE

    Qin, SF; Sun, GM; Wright, DK; Lim, S.; Khan, U.; Mao, C.

    2005-01-01

    This paper presents a novel free-form surface recognition method from 2D freehand sketching. The approach is based on the Radial basis function (RBF), an artificial intelligence technique. A simple three-layered network has been designed and constructed. After training and testing with two types of surfaces (four sided boundary surfaces and four close section surfaces), it has been shown that the method is useful in freeform surface recognition. The testing results are very satisfactory.

  4. Using Sketches and Knowledge Bases for Geo-Spatial Image Retrieval

    OpenAIRE

    Bertolotto, Michela; Carswell, James; McLoughlin, E.; O Sullivan, D.; Wilson, C

    2006-01-01

    This paper presents research in the field of knowledge management for geo-spatial imagery including scanned aerial photos and satellite images. We have developed a web-based system that allows users to query a database of images not only using metadata, but also drawing sketches of configurations of objects they are interested in as well as inputting textual descriptions of their intended task. Our system integrates case-based reasoning techniques to form a knowledge base from previously issu...

  5. John Charles Fields: a sketch of his life and mathematical work

    OpenAIRE

    2007-01-01

    Every four years at the International Congress of Mathematicians the prestigious Fields medals, the mathematical equivalent of a Nobel prize, are awarded. The following question is often asked: who was Fields and what did he do mathematically? This question will be addressed by sketching the life and mathematical work of J ohn Charles Fields (1863 - 1932), the Canadian mathematician who helped establish the awards and after whom the medals are named.

  6. A sketch planning methodology for determining interventions for bicycle and pedestrian crashes: an ecological approach

    OpenAIRE

    Thakuriah, P.; Cottrill, C.; Thomas, N.; Vaughn, S.

    2010-01-01

    Bicycle and pedestrian safety planning have recently been gaining increased attention. With this focus, however, comes increased responsibilities for planning agencies and organizations tasked with evaluating and selecting safety interventions, a potentially arduous task given limited staff and resources. This study presents a sketch planning framework based on ecological factors that attempts to provide an efficient and effective method of selecting appropriate intervention measures. A Chica...

  7. [Sketches of Swiss psychiatry in the generation after Eugen Bleuler and Sigmund Freud. With personal recollections].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weber, Kaspar

    2009-01-01

    Focussing on the leading staff of the psychiatric universitiy clinic of Waldau/Bern, the author sketches the reception of psychoanalysis in Switzerland around 1940. It ranged from outright rejection (Ernst Grünthal) via various forms of skepticism based on superficial (Jakob Klaesi) or thorough familiarity with Freud's writings (Jakob Wyrsch, Arnold Weber) to the discipleship of an analysand of Freud (Ernst Blum).

  8. Lift-Off: Using Reference Imagery and Freehand Sketching to Create 3D Models in VR.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jackson, Bret; Keefe, Daniel F

    2016-04-01

    Three-dimensional modeling has long been regarded as an ideal application for virtual reality (VR), but current VR-based 3D modeling tools suffer from two problems that limit creativity and applicability: (1) the lack of control for freehand modeling, and (2) the difficulty of starting from scratch. To address these challenges, we present Lift-Off, an immersive 3D interface for creating complex models with a controlled, handcrafted style. Artists start outside of VR with 2D sketches, which are then imported and positioned in VR. Then, using a VR interface built on top of image processing algorithms, 2D curves within the sketches are selected interactively and "lifted" into space to create a 3D scaffolding for the model. Finally, artists sweep surfaces along these curves to create 3D models. Evaluations are presented for both long-term users and for novices who each created a 3D sailboat model from the same starting sketch. Qualitative results are positive, with the visual style of the resulting models of animals and other organic subjects as well as architectural models matching what is possible with traditional fine art media. In addition, quantitative data from logging features built into the software are used to characterize typical tool use and suggest areas for further refinement of the interface.

  9. A Visual Navigation Method of Mobile Robot Using a Sketched Semantic Map

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xinde Li

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available A new visual navigation method for a mobile robot is proposed in this paper. Its originality lies in integrating a sketched map with a semantic map together for the robot’s navigation and in using unified tags to help recognize landmarks. In this sketched semantic map, the outline and semantic information of key referenced objects are used to represent themselves and a rough route for the robot’s navigation is also sketched. Over the course of robot navigation along the route, and in order to easily recognize the referenced objects from the complex background, a kind of unified label is designed and pasted on the potential referenced objects in advance. A recognition method based on the Pseudo-Zernike Moment and the Normalized Moment of Inertia is used to compute the matching degree between the real‐time image of the referenced object and its similar outline in a database. In addition, the odometer information is also fused so as to roughly localize the robot. Finally, through a series of experiments, the advantage and efficiency of the new navigation method with real‐time dynamic obstacle avoidance are testified with the help of the imprecise real map and route.

  10. Face Recognition Algorithm for Photographs and Viewed Sketch Matching Using Score-Level Fusion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    So Ra Cho

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available For criminal searches, the necessity of matching photographs with sketches is increasing. Previously, matching was performed manually by a human observer, a time‐consuming process whose accuracy can be affected by the level of human expertise. Therefore, we propose a new face recognition algorithm for photographs and sketches. This research is novel in the following three ways. First, to overcome the decrease in matching accuracy due to pose and illumination variation, we use eye alignment and retinex filtering to normalize pose, size and illumination. Second, we compare the performance of various face recognition methods, such as principal component analysis (PCA, local binary pattern (LBP, local non‐negative matrix factorization (LNMF, support vector machine‐discriminant analysis (SVM‐DA and modified census transform (MCT, for the matching of photographs and viewed sketches. Third, these five face recognition methods are combined on the basis of score‐ level fusion to enhance matching accuracy, thereby overcoming the performance limitations of single face recognition methods. Experimental results using a CUHK dataset showed that the accuracy of the proposed method is better than that of uni‐modal face recognition methods.

  11. Visualization-by-Sketching: An Artist's Interface for Creating Multivariate Time-Varying Data Visualizations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schroeder, David; Keefe, Daniel F

    2016-01-01

    We present Visualization-by-Sketching, a direct-manipulation user interface for designing new data visualizations. The goals are twofold: First, make the process of creating real, animated, data-driven visualizations of complex information more accessible to artists, graphic designers, and other visual experts with traditional, non-technical training. Second, support and enhance the role of human creativity in visualization design, enabling visual experimentation and workflows similar to what is possible with traditional artistic media. The approach is to conceive of visualization design as a combination of processes that are already closely linked with visual creativity: sketching, digital painting, image editing, and reacting to exemplars. Rather than studying and tweaking low-level algorithms and their parameters, designers create new visualizations by painting directly on top of a digital data canvas, sketching data glyphs, and arranging and blending together multiple layers of animated 2D graphics. This requires new algorithms and techniques to interpret painterly user input relative to data "under" the canvas, balance artistic freedom with the need to produce accurate data visualizations, and interactively explore large (e.g., terabyte-sized) multivariate datasets. Results demonstrate a variety of multivariate data visualization techniques can be rapidly recreated using the interface. More importantly, results and feedback from artists support the potential for interfaces in this style to attract new, creative users to the challenging task of designing more effective data visualizations and to help these users stay "in the creative zone" as they work.

  12. Simultaneous structure and geometry detail completion based on interactive user sketches

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YANG Shen; QI Yue; QIN Hong

    2012-01-01

    We articulate a novel approach to geometric model completion via interactive sketches in this paper.First,the initial incomplete model (with holes) is decomposed into a base model and a high-frequency component,which represents global rough shape and geometric details,respectively.We then repair the base model via smooth hole-filling,and compute the geometry detail image using high frequency information.One novel element of our approach is that we allow users to interactively sketch a few structural curves that span across hole regions,with a goal to repair both local geometric details and global structure.With the help of local parameterization,we convert detailed geometry into gradient-domain images which can propagate along user-specified sketches.By integrating recovered gradient-domain images and base shape,we can generate a complete model that faithfully recovers both global structure and local details.The salient contribution of this paper is the unified approach for user interaction,global structure,and geometry details towards high-fidelity model completion.We demonstrate our new approach using a number of examples that exhibit salient global structure as well as local geometry details.

  13. Inquiry on tri-dimensional garden construction drawing expression on the basis of SketchUp%基于 SketchUp 的园林三维施工图表达探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵晨

    2016-01-01

    以南京林业大学西潭内的园林小品(廊架)为例,绘制了AutoCAD施工图和SketchUp三维施工图,分析了两种表达方式的优劣势,提出了利用SketchUp绘制园林三维施工图的可行性方法,阐述了基于SketchUp的园林三维施工图表达探索的途径,解决了传统园林施工图不利于施工的问题.%Taking West Tan garden pieces( gallery framework) in Nanjing University of Forestry as an example, the paper draws AutoCAD con-struction drawing and SketchUp tri-dimensional construction drawing, analyzes their merits and defects, puts forward the feasibility of drawing tri-dimensional garden construction drawing by applying SketchUp, and illustrates tri-dimensional garden construction drawing expression inquiry on the basis of SketchUp. As a result, it solves adverse construction difficulties of traditional garden construction drawing.

  14. 基于SketchUp和ArcGIS三维虚拟校园模型的设计与实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周鹏

    2016-01-01

    以校区为例,基于SketchUp和ArcGIS软件的主要理论和建模方法,探讨了三维校园模型的构建,表面纹理贴图,了解了SketchUp和ArcGIS结合建模的具体流程,实现了校区的三维动画漫游。

  15. 基于SketchUp的山西农大校区3D建模设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯瑞娜; 李娜; 宁杰

    2013-01-01

      以山西农业大学为例,运用Google SketchUp软件创建3维校园模型,并在Google Earth平台上展示。详细介绍了基于Google Earth的虚拟校园构建方法,并对SketchUp建模技巧进行了初步探讨。

  16. Hermann Gottlieb Dohms: um perfil biográfico Hermann Gottlieb Dohms, a biographical profile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martin N. Dreher

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available O artigo verifica a inserção de comunidades de descendentes de alemães luteranos no Rio Grande do Sul, entre os fins do século XIX e o Estado Novo, valendo-se do perfil biográfico de Hermann Gottlieb Dohms, filho de imigrantes radicados no interior gaúcho. Após estudos teológicos na Europa, retornou ao Rio Grande do Sul, onde exerceu importante ação teológica, educacional e política. Na primeira metade do século XX fundou uma revista, uma escola, e foi destacado teórico da inserção de imigrantes alemães e de seus descendentes na sociedade brasileira. A partir de temática aparentemente circunscrita, o artigo aponta para questões que atingem o todo da inserção de imigrantes em um momento histórico marcado pelo fascismo e pelo totalitarismo.The article verifies the communities insertion of German Lutherans' descendents in Rio Grande do Sul trough the end of 19th century and Estado Novo, motivated by the biographical profile of Hermann Gottlieb Dohms, son of immigrants settled at the inner of the gaucho state. After his theological studies in Europe, Dohms returned to Rio Grande do Sul, where he had an important theological, educational and political role. During the first half of The 20th century he founded of a magazine, a school and proheminent theoretical of the German immigrants and their descendents' insertion in Brazilian society. Coming up with an apparently circunscript theme, the article points out questions that touch the whole insertion of immigrants in an historical moment which was marked by fascism and totalitarism.

  17. Golden Horde Historiography: The Contribution and Potential of Historico-Biographical Literature »

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.K. Muminov

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Among the more than thirty works written in the genre of historical and biographical literature “Tabaqat al-hanafiya”, the work by Mahmud ibn Sulayman al-Kafawi holds a special place, since in this work al-Kafawi first used the productive approach collecting and organizing the chains of tradition transmitters in schools (‘an‘ana, silsila, isnad with the aim to show the historical evolution of the Hanafite madhhab. This valuable source, “Kata’ib A‘lam al-Akhyar”, has not been published previously. We decided to revise the old views concerning the activity of al-Kafawi on the compiling and editing his work. The following new sources were detected and processed: 50 copies of the work by al-Kafawi, preserved in Turkey, Western Countries, and Central Asia. These copies of Kata’ib were important for us since they allowed to discover the three sources for the biography of al-Kafawi. Their data made it possible to establish that the work of al-Kafavi on the compiling of “Kata’ib A‘lam al-Akhyar” consisted of two phases: 1 the preparation of the book (jam‘, ta’lif was done by al-Kafawi in 983–985 A.H.; and 2 the editing (tahrir was the work of his pupil Muslih al-Din Mustafa ibn al-Hasan al-‘Arifi al-Sinubi (d. 1018/1609–10. In the editor’s part of the work we can see the editor’s tendency towards Sufism. This has allowed us to conclude that al-Kafawi was a native of the Golden Horde and could collect rich materials on its history.

  18. Strategies for continuing professional development among younger, middle-aged, and older nurses: a biographical approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pool, Inge A; Poell, Rob F; Berings, Marjolein G M C; ten Cate, Olle

    2015-05-01

    A nursing career can last for more than 40 years, during which continuing professional development is essential. Nurses participate in a variety of learning activities that correspond with their developmental motives. Lifespan psychology shows that work-related motives change with age, leading to the expectation that motives for continuing professional development also change. Nevertheless, little is known about nurses' continuing professional development strategies in different age groups. To explore continuing professional development strategies among younger, middle-aged, and older nurses. A qualitative study using semi-structured interviews, from a biographical perspective. Data were analysed using a vertical process aimed at creating individual learning biographies, and a horizontal process directed at discovering differences and similarities between age groups. Twenty-one nurses in three age groups from general and academic hospitals in the Netherlands. In all age groups, daily work was an important trigger for professional development on the ward. Performing extra or new tasks appeared to be an additional trigger for undertaking learning activities external to the ward. Learning experiences in nurses' private lives also contributed to their continuing professional development. Besides these similarities, the data revealed differences in career stages and private lives, which appeared to be related to differences in continuing professional development strategy; 'gaining experience and building a career' held particularly true among younger nurses, 'work-life balance' and 'keeping work interesting and varied' to middle-aged nurses, and 'consistency at work' to older nurses. Professional development strategies can aim at performing daily patient care, extra tasks and other roles. Age differences in these strategies appear to relate to tenure, perspectives on the future, and situations at home. These insights could help hospitals to orientate continuing

  19. David Lodge’s Biographical Novel Author,Author and His Concepts of Biographical Fiction%戴维·洛奇的传记小说《作者,作者》与传记小说观

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡志全

    2013-01-01

    Biographical fiction has become a new literary trend in Britain and America recently .More and more literary works tell life stories of real persons by the technique commonly used in fiction .Merging successfully the genres of biography and fiction ,David Lodge’s A uthor ,A uthor has a few salient charac-teristics in its structure ,perspective and some other aspects ,w hich reflects his thinking and concepts of biographical novel .T his paper studies Lodge’s concepts of biographical fiction by taking his A uthor ,A u-thor as a case in point .%传记小说是近年来英美小说创作的新倾向,越来越多的作品运用小说技巧讲述真人真事。戴维·洛奇的传记小说《作者,作者》成功地将传记和小说这两种文类有机融合,在故事结构、叙事视角等方面特色鲜明。戴维·洛奇传记小说体现了他对小说形式和题材创新的思考,反映了他的传记小说观。该文主要通过分析、引证洛奇的传记小说《作者,作者》,探究归纳戴维·洛奇的传记小说观。

  20. [AN OVERALL SOUND PROCESS] Becoming Neoclassical: Instrumentation in the Sketches for Webern's Concerto, Op. 24

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David H. Miller

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available In September 1928 Anton Webern wrote to publisher Emil Hertzka to report on the composition of a work “in the spirit of some of Bach’s Brandenburg Concertos.” In June 1934 that work stood completed as the Concerto for Nine Instruments, Op. 24. While Op. 24 has been celebrated as a paradigmatic example of Webern’s forward-looking serial techniques, it simultaneously exhibits a strong neoclassical influence, as Kathryn Bailey (1991 has demonstrated in her study of sonata and ritornello principles in the Concerto’s first movement. Neoclassical models may have also played a role in dramatically shifting conceptions of instrumentation and genre evident in sketches from the work’s extended period of composition, during which time it transformed from a piece for large symphonic orchestra, to a concerto for solo piano with orchestral accompaniment, to a concerto grosso with a continuo-like piano part. The dramatic shifts found in the sketches are best understood in relation to Webern’s compositional activities in the decade preceding Op. 24. During this period, Webern revised several of his pre-World War I orchestral compositions, reducing the size and diversity of the ensembles with an eye towards Fasslichkeit (“comprehensibility”; a similar goal motivated the arrangements he produced for Arnold Schoenberg’s Society for Private Musical Performances. When considered alongside an instrumentation-centric view of the sketches for Op. 24, these activities suggest an intriguing view of the Concerto. If its twelve-tone row marks Op. 24 as an apex of Webern’s serial technique, its instrumentation makes it an apex of his neoclassicism.In September 1928 Anton Webern wrote to publisher Emil Hertzka to report on the composition of a work “in the spirit of some of Bach’s Brandenburg Concertos.” In June 1934 that work stood completed as the Concerto for Nine Instruments, Op. 24. While Op. 24 has been celebrated as a paradigmatic example

  1. Enhancing ASTRO101 Student Engagement Using Student-Created ScienceSKETCHES

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slater, Timothy F.; Slater, Stephanie

    2016-01-01

    As astronomy teaching faculty are changing their teaching strategies from those less desirable approaches that allow students to passively listen to professor-centered, information-lectures to more desirable, active-student engagement classrooms characterized by active learning, ASTRO 101 professors are looking for more ways to help students learn to participate in authentic scientific practices. This is consistent with notion advocated by the NRC that students should practice scientific thinking, scientific discourse, and scientific practices while learning science. Noticing that much informal scientific discussion is mediated by sketches—such as those occasionally lively discussions held after hours during scientific conferences—scholars at the CAPER Center for Astronomy & Physics Education Research have been piloting a series of active learning tasks where students are challenged to create scientific drawings to illustrate their understanding of astronomical phenomena or structures. Known informally as ScienceSKETCHES, examples of these tasks challenge students to illustrate: the spectral curve differences between high and low mass stars; the differences among galaxy shapes; the distribution of stars for the Andromeda Galaxy in terms of luminosity versus temperature; old and young planetary surfaces; or the relationships between distances and speeds of orbiting objects. Although our initial testing has focused on predominately on paper and pencil tasks, with the occasional cell phone picture of a ScienceSKETCH being texted to the professor, the electronic-based teaching world is nearly ready to support these sorts of drawing tasks. Already, the ability to complete and submit scientific sketches is becoming commonplace across electronic learning platforms, including shared white-boarding in many desktop videoconferencing systems, and handheld device learning systems for interactive classrooms, like those from Learning Catalytics, among many others. Our

  2. A Review of Chinese Biographical Literature Studies since the 21st Century%新世纪以来中国传记文学研究回顾

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈兰村; 全展

    2012-01-01

    进入新世纪以来,中国传记文学研究在十几年中取得新的实绩,具体体现在:传记文学理论研究取得了重大进展,传记文学理论体系初步建立;传记文学研究中国际对话格局业已形成;传记文学研究队伍壮大,新人辈出;传记研究者对当代传记现状更加关注,力图产生导向作用。%New achievements have been made in biographical literature studies in the past 12 years of the new century : there is a significant development of the theories of biographical literature ; a theoretical system of biographical literature has been formed; the international dialogues on biographical literature studies have emerged paid to ; the research forces have grown rapidly with new scholars springing up; and more attention has been the status quo of biographical literature by researchers with an effort to play the role of guidance.

  3. Phonological sketch and classification of Lawu, an undocumented Ngwi language of Yunnan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cathryn Yang

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Lawu is a severely endangered, undocumented Ngwi (Loloish language spoken in Yunnan, China. This paper presents a preliminary sketch of Lawu phonology based on lexico-phonetic data recorded from two speakers in 2008, with special attention to the tone splits and mergers that distinguish Lawu from other Ngwi languages. All tone categories except Proto-Ngwi Tone *3, a mid level pitch, have split, conditioned by the voicing of the initial segment. In the conditioning and effect of these tone splits, Lawu shows affinity with other Central Ngwi languages such as Lisu and Lahu and is provisionally classified as a Central Ngwi language.

  4. Transnational Narrativity and Pastoralism in The Sketch Book of Geoffrey Crayon, Gent. by Washington Irving

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jessica Allen Hanssen

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Washington Irving’s collection, The Sketch Book of Geoffrey Crayon, Gent. (1819-20, was one of the earliest and most influential texts to have achieved acclaim on both sides of the Atlantic. Its most famous stories, which include “Rip Van Winkle” and “The Legend of Sleepy Hollow,” are considered to be classics in their own right and are still popular. At the heart of the collection, however, is its narrator Geoffrey Crayon, a New Yorker travelling to England, and especially London, for the first time in order to experience its grand museums and libraries, its stunning architecture, and the sedate yet rarified country house lifestyle of the landed gentry: in short, all of the things he could not have experienced in contemporary America. Once in England, however, Crayon is struck by his increasing feelings of exile and loneliness, and retreats into his artistic intentions as solace. Notably, the collection’s most enduring stories in the collection are set in America: even as Crayon distances himself physically from his homeland he is drawn to it as an artistic subject, as though he cannot really see America until he leaves it. This feeling of artistic exile, as presented in The Sketch Book, is strikingly modern in tone for a text which is over 170 years old, and not only precedes later literary expatriations but anticipates developments in narrative studies, with respect to short-story theory and the composite novel. Irving negotiates the preferences, assumptions, and historical experience of each audience by steeping his social and cultural criticism in the universal realms of storytelling and mythology. In an age of emergent cultural nationalism, Irving seeks to establish both himself and his narrator as transatlantic writers. His desire to craft a truly transatlantic work, however, becomes a blatantly pastoral act, which turns the very presence of narrative into an anachronism. In our own time of emergent cultural nationalism

  5. Constructing a survey over time: Audio-visual feedback and theatre sketches in rural Mali

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Véronique Hertrich

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Knowledge dissemination is an emerging issue in population studies, both in terms of ethics and data quality. The challenge is especially important in long term follow-up surveys and it requires methodological imagination when the population is illiterate. The paper presents the dissemination project developed in a demographic surveillance system implemented in rural Mali over the last 20 years. After basic experience of document transfer, the feedback strategy was developed through audiovisual shows and theatre sketches. The advantages and drawbacks of these media are discussed, in terms of scientific communication and the construction of dialogue with the target population.

  6. An Efficient Primitive-Based Method to Recognize Online Sketched Symbols with Autocompletion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wei Deng

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available We present a new structural method of sketched symbol recognition, which aims to recognize a hand-drawn symbol before it is fully completed. It is invariant to scale, stroke number, and order. We also present two novel descriptors to represent the spatial distribution between two primitives. One is invariant to rotation and the other is not. Then a symbol is represented as a set of descriptors. The distance between the input symbol and the template one is calculated based on the assignment problem. Moreover, a fast nearest neighbor (NN search algorithm is proposed for recognition. The method achieves a satisfactory recognition rate in real time.

  7. DUL Radio: A light-weight, wireless toolkit for sketching in hardware

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brynskov, Martin; Lunding, Rasmus; Vestergaard, Lasse Steenbock

    2011-01-01

    In this paper we present the first version of DUL Radio, a small, wireless toolkit for sketching sensor-based interaction. It is a concrete attempt to develop a platform that balances ease of use (learning, setup, initialization), size, speed, flexibility and cost, aimed at wearable and ultra......-mobile prototyping where fast reaction is needed (e.g. in controlling sound). The target audiences include designers, students, artists etc. with minimal programming and hardware skills. This presentation covers our motivations for creating the toolkit, specifications, test results, comparison to related products...

  8. Sketch for a model of four epistemological positions toward computer game play

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leino, Olli

    2008-01-01

    The paper attempts to sketch out four distinct epistemological positions toward the player, who is understood as derived from play and game. To map out the problem field, two equally challenged positions toward computer game play are observed, emerging from inadequate treatment of the differences...... an external viewpoint, appear as fulfilling a set criteria, while from an inclusive viewpoint, every object which affords being played is counted as a game. These polarities are combined on a two-dimensional plane in order to arrive at a four epistemological positions toward computer game play, which...

  9. 3D Modeling of branching vessels from anatomical sketches: towards a new interactive teaching of anatomy: Interactive virtual blackboard.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palombi, O; Pihuit, A; Cani, M-P

    2011-09-01

    Sketching is an intuitive way to explain spatial relationships between complex objects. The French community of Anatomists are used to teaching didactic lectures on a blackboard with their colored chalks. The increasing complexity of the sketches affords to the students an opportunity to work out a mental representation of anatomical structures in 3D. To help students perform this labored step, we present a new interactive blackboard which constructs plausible 3D models of branching vessels from a single sketch. We exploit the sketching conventions used in anatomical drawings to infer depth and curvature. We then model the set of branching vessels as a convolution surface generated by a graph of skeleton curves. Classic situations, focused on arteries, have been analyzed to manage vessels' curvatures, subdivisions and overlaps. Original sketches and 3D models are presented for each case. No specific training is required to use the interface. The anatomists have begun to embrace a new generation of 3D digital modeling applications as tools for anatomical teaching. We discuss the future use of this system as a step towards the interactive teaching of anatomy.

  10. 基于Google SketchUp的校园三维地图的制作%The Production of Virtual Campus' 3D Model Based on Google SketchUp

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    佘忠伦

    2016-01-01

    利用Google SketchUp三维建模软件,以中南林业科技大学东园校区为例详细介绍了三维可视化的制作过程,包括导入SketchUp中1∶500校园地形图、三维模型的建立、模型的贴图、校园道路绿地的制作以及校园三维动画的制作和配音,体现了Google SketchUp在校园景观制作方面的强大功能和特点.建立虚拟校园用到的主要数据有1∶500的地形图、地物的纹理图片.

  11. Ou Yang-xiu biographical prose chronicle method and "aeolus"%欧阳修散传的记事方法与“风神”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐裕敏

    2012-01-01

    欧阳修的散传创作很丰富,他的散传根据传主身份的不同而采用不同的记事方法,从而形成了不同的风格。而他最引入注目的风格是“史迁风神”,这让他的散传作品具有很高的文学价值。%Ou Yang-xiu's biographical prose creation is very rich, his biographical prose according to his identity is different and adopt different note method, thereby forming a different style. He is most attract sb's attention style is" only Shi Qian Fengshen", which makes his biographical prose works with high literary value.

  12. The Creation and Modification of 3D Models Using Sketches and Curves

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kara, Levent Burak; Shimada, Kenji

    This chapter describes a pen-based modeling system for the styling design of 3D objects. Our system is tailored toward the rapid and natural design of styling features such as freeform curves and surfaces. In a typical scenario, the user begins by constructing the base wireframe model of the design object. For this, the user first sketches the initial feature curves on a very rough and simplified 3D template model. This template model acts as a platform that helps anchor users' initial strokes in 3D space. Once the initial curves comprising the wireframe are constructed, the base 3D template is removed, leaving the user with a set of 3D curves. Next, through direct sketching, the user modifies the initially created curves to give them the precise desired form. After the desired wireframe is obtained, the user constructs interpolating surfaces that cover the wireframe. Finally, using two physically-based deformation tools, the user modifies the newly created surfaces to the desired shapes. Once the basic wireframe and surfaces are created, further details can be added using the same strategy of curve creation, curve modification, surface creation, and finally surface modification.

  13. Transformation of an uncertain video search pipeline to a sketch-based visual analytics loop.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Legg, Philip A; Chung, David H S; Parry, Matthew L; Bown, Rhodri; Jones, Mark W; Griffiths, Iwan W; Chen, Min

    2013-12-01

    Traditional sketch-based image or video search systems rely on machine learning concepts as their core technology. However, in many applications, machine learning alone is impractical since videos may not be semantically annotated sufficiently, there may be a lack of suitable training data, and the search requirements of the user may frequently change for different tasks. In this work, we develop a visual analytics systems that overcomes the shortcomings of the traditional approach. We make use of a sketch-based interface to enable users to specify search requirement in a flexible manner without depending on semantic annotation. We employ active machine learning to train different analytical models for different types of search requirements. We use visualization to facilitate knowledge discovery at the different stages of visual analytics. This includes visualizing the parameter space of the trained model, visualizing the search space to support interactive browsing, visualizing candidature search results to support rapid interaction for active learning while minimizing watching videos, and visualizing aggregated information of the search results. We demonstrate the system for searching spatiotemporal attributes from sports video to identify key instances of the team and player performance.

  14. SketchBio: a scientist's 3D interface for molecular modeling and animation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waldon, Shawn M; Thompson, Peter M; Hahn, Patrick J; Taylor, Russell M

    2014-10-30

    Because of the difficulties involved in learning and using 3D modeling and rendering software, many scientists hire programmers or animators to create models and animations. This both slows the discovery process and provides opportunities for miscommunication. Working with multiple collaborators, a tool was developed (based on a set of design goals) to enable them to directly construct models and animations. SketchBio is presented, a tool that incorporates state-of-the-art bimanual interaction and drop shadows to enable rapid construction of molecular structures and animations. It includes three novel features: crystal-by-example, pose-mode physics, and spring-based layout that accelerate operations common in the formation of molecular models. Design decisions and their consequences are presented, including cases where iterative design was required to produce effective approaches. The design decisions, novel features, and inclusion of state-of-the-art techniques enabled SketchBio to meet all of its design goals. These features and decisions can be incorporated into existing and new tools to improve their effectiveness.

  15. Eight Noble Opinions and the Economic Crisis: Four Literary-philosophical Sketches à la Eduardo Galeano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giorgio Baruchello

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Four literary-philosophical skecthes are presented here in order to celebrate the ten-year anniversary of the publication of the official English translation of one of Eduardo Galeano's most important books: Upside Down: A Primer for the Looking-glass World. Each of these four sketches deals with the current economic crisis, though from different perspectives of analysis, and attempts to make use of the vibrant and creative sylistic devices characterising Galeano's works, particularly Upside Down. In this book, Galeano explored insightfully the roots of the crisis to come. His critical conclusions were analogous to those of another eccentric observer of the most notable economic phenomena of the 1990s, John McMurtry, whose perception of the looming crisis was even more profound and technical. Therefore, also this Canadian thinker, indeed his theory of value, is evoked in the four sketches, for McMurtry's onto-axiology reveals the ongoing contradiction between the relentless search for profit of the mostly virtual global script type=text/javascript src=http://nome.st5.stefna.is/joomla/plugins/editors/jce/tiny_mce/themes/advanced/langs/en.js?version=156/scriptscript type=text/javascript src=http://nome.st5.stefna.is/joomla/plugins/editors/jce/tiny_mce/plugins/advcode/langs/en.js?version=156/scripteconomy and the requirements of natural and human life.

  16. THE METHOD OF SKETCHES AS AN EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY FOR TRAINING SESSIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tsatsenko L. V.

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The work considers the method of sketches or visual notes which plays a basic role in the development of training courses. We have focused on the method of sketches as "a variety of visual notes, consisting of handwritten text, drawings, diagrams, figurative elements". For immersion of the student into the subject area or object of study, the visualization of the material is an effective technique of knowledge. Cognitive function is manifested through the ability to know the object by the image and the further formation of ideas about the structure of the material being studied. It is noted, that visual methods and techniques are especially effective in the first stage of researches. Then, there is the collection of material, knowledge of the research object. Types of pumpkins were the object of research, presented the works of artists of different periods. The collection consists of 120 images that were collected in the period from 2012 to 2016. In the work, the attempt is made using the method of visual notes and visual techniques to build images of plants pumpkins which displayed in art works of different centuries and interpreted as "a kind of door" through which we can enter in our area (introduction history of culture, archaeogenetic, developmental biology, the history of selection

  17. A DANE WRITES ABOUT CHOPIN. PEER HULTBERG’S “PRELUDES” AS AN EXAMPLE OF A CONTEMPORARY DANISH BIOGRAPHICAL NOVEL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joanna Cymbrykiewicz

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper A Dane writes about Chopin. Peer Hultberg’s “Preludes” as an example of a contemporary Danish biographical novel concerns the condition of a contemporary Danish biographical novel. The main focus is put on Peer Hultberg’s work Preludes on the famous Polish composer, Fryderyk Chopin. The author of the paper uses the definition of a biographical novel as Maria Jasinska understands it, and the definition of a modernist literary novel by Stephen J. Walton. The article also addresses other contemporary biographical novels written in Scandinavia. Its main aim is to examine in what respects Hultberg’s novel deviates from the standards of a modernist biographical novel. The research is based on four criteria: focus put on one character, chronological structure of the narration, including all life stages, presence of the milestones in the protagonist’s professional career and appearance of authentic characters in the novel’s plot. As it turns out, Preludes hardly fulfills any of the above-mentioned requirements. Although the protagonist is clearly defined, the polyphonic structure of the narration makes it difficult to focus on one character only. The chronological composition is present, but the plot does not include any of the milestones in the composer’s career, since the novel only concerns his childhood. As to authentic characters, they play a peripheral role in the novel’s plot. One can therefore assume that Peer Hultberg’s Preludes is a postmodernist biographical novel, where a fragment replaces the whole, and one stage of life, namely childhood, is capable of telling a story of the origin of genius.

  18. SketchUp大区域三维建模技术研究%Research on Technology of Three-dimensional Modeling in Large Area Based on SketchUp

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范明华; 杜甘霖; 任家勇

    2012-01-01

    利用SketchUp软件能高效建模的特质,进行大区域的三维建模。对建模过程中涉及的思路进行探讨,针对其存在的一些问题和可以优化的方法进行介绍。利用SketchUp和Skyline的组合,实现了大范围三维建模和成果应用。

  19. Beyond data collection in digital mapping: interpretation, sketching and thought process elements in geological map making

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watkins, Hannah; Bond, Clare; Butler, Rob

    2016-04-01

    Geological mapping techniques have advanced significantly in recent years from paper fieldslips to Toughbook, smartphone and tablet mapping; but how do the methods used to create a geological map affect the thought processes that result in the final map interpretation? Geological maps have many key roles in the field of geosciences including understanding geological processes and geometries in 3D, interpreting geological histories and understanding stratigraphic relationships in 2D and 3D. Here we consider the impact of the methods used to create a map on the thought processes that result in the final geological map interpretation. As mapping technology has advanced in recent years, the way in which we produce geological maps has also changed. Traditional geological mapping is undertaken using paper fieldslips, pencils and compass clinometers. The map interpretation evolves through time as data is collected. This interpretive process that results in the final geological map is often supported by recording in a field notebook, observations, ideas and alternative geological models explored with the use of sketches and evolutionary diagrams. In combination the field map and notebook can be used to challenge the map interpretation and consider its uncertainties. These uncertainties and the balance of data to interpretation are often lost in the creation of published 'fair' copy geological maps. The advent of Toughbooks, smartphones and tablets in the production of geological maps has changed the process of map creation. Digital data collection, particularly through the use of inbuilt gyrometers in phones and tablets, has changed smartphones into geological mapping tools that can be used to collect lots of geological data quickly. With GPS functionality this data is also geospatially located, assuming good GPS connectivity, and can be linked to georeferenced infield photography. In contrast line drawing, for example for lithological boundary interpretation and sketching

  20. An operationalized procedure for the recognition of premorbid personality types in biographical case notes on psychiatric patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    von Zerssen, D; Pössl, J; Gruben, S; Tauscher, R; Barthelmes, H

    1994-01-01

    A method for the assessment of six premorbid personality types from biographical data in psychiatric case histories is described. Trained raters have to fill in a list comprising 106 items as descriptors of a patient's premorbid behavioural development. The assignment to the types in question (the "manic type" and its rare variant, the "happy-go-lucky type", the "melancholic type", the "anxious insecure type" and its rare variant, the "unrealistic dreamy type", and finally, the "nervous tense type") is computed on the basis of the item scores by forming type scores and comparing their height intraindividually. The subject under study is assigned to the type reaching the comparatively highest value. Two raters independently analyzed 261 records from which all information on mental disorders in family members and the patient himself/herself as well as all biographical data from the first manifestation of a symptom disorder onwards had been erased by technical assistants. In 106 of the records, a global assignment to the types of premorbid personality had already been performed by one of the authors of the typology. The scores for the same type assessed by the two ratings correlated highly with each other (0.77 to 0.80), the concordance of types reached a kappa-value of 0.55 (P < 0.001), and the results of the operationalized typing agreed in the same order with the result of global typing in the subsample of n = 106.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

  1. 应用NEMA 2001标准测试Biograph 64/True V PET/CT性能%Biograph 64/True V performance measurements for a combined PET/CT scanner using the National Electrical Manufacturers Association 2001 standard

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王国军; 张子纲; 贺海荣; 陈盛祖; 彭齐; 宣爱萍

    2009-01-01

    Objective Biograph 64/Troe V performance measumments were performed using National Electrical Manufacturers Association(NEMA)2001 standard.It could provide PET/CT NEMA 2001data.and analyze the advantage of Biograph 64/True V PET/CT by comparing testing results with other PET/CT data.Methotis Pefformance measuremen~included spatial resolution,sensitivitv,scatter fraction and count 1oss.~(18)F was used through out the testing.Spatial resolution based on its model.About 4.07 MBq ~(18)F was iniected into NEMA PET sensitivity model and the data was collected every 300 S.Scatter fraction and noise equivalent count were tested using scatter model with 1.037 MBq ~(18)F iniected in,and the data was collected every 15 min.every fragment for 10 min.totally 35 fragments.According to NEMA 2001 formula,image quality was evaluated based on body model.Results Average transverse and axial spatial resolution at l cm and at 10 em off center was 4.2(4.7)mm and 4.6(5.9)mm respectively.System sensitivity was 6.95×10~3·s~(-1)·MBq~(-1) for the two radial positions(0 and 10 cm).System scatter fraction was 32%. And noise equivalent count rate(NECR)was 1.46×10~5/s and 9.80×10~4/s.Conclusion The integrated PET/CT system Biograph 64/True V has overall excellent performance,in particularly,good resolution,high sensitivity.low scatter fraction and good NECR response.%目的 应用美国国家电器制造商协会(NEMA)2001标准对Biograph 64/True V(TV)PET/CT性能进行测试,以提供Biograph 64/TV测试数据并进行新老仪器测试结果 对照.方法 用NEMA 2001模型和测试方法 测试Biograph 64/TV PET/CT空间分辨率、灵敏度、散射分数和计数丢失参数,测试中使用~(18)F.用空间分辨率模型测试空间分辨率.将放射性活度4.07 MBq的~(18)F注射到NEMAPET灵敏度模型,测试灵敏度,每300 s采集1次数据.测散射分数和噪声等效计数:采用散射模型,且向模型内置人活度1.037 MBq ~(18)F,采集35帧,每帧采集10 min,间隔15

  2. 浅谈水土保持措施典型设计图中SketchUp的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘燕英; 韩笑冬; 王海祥

    2013-01-01

    文章在分析、比较传统制图与三维设计制图优缺点的基础上,参考园林设计中应用情况,在水保措施设计中推荐应用SketchUp.通过SketchUp制图,可以形象的表现措施实施后的效果,提高水土保持措施设计的实用性.

  3. SketchUp在《室内装饰制图》教学中的实践应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张驰

    2015-01-01

    通过对《室内装饰制图》课程里关于三视投影图、剖面图、室内装饰施工图等内容的教学难点分析和SketchUp软件自身特点与优势的研究,结合笔者自身教学实践,探讨了SketchUp在该课程教学中的具体应用。

  4. 浅析 SketchUp 草图大师软件建模的特点

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟妍

    2013-01-01

      SketchUp 草图大师是一套令人耳目一新的设计工具,它给建筑师带来边构思边表现的体验。通过学习 SketchUp 草图大师软件建模的特点及基本功能,分析软件建模插件在设计类专业教学中的应用。可以为设计师提供更为广阔的创新空间。

  5. SketchUp 在《园林制图》教学中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓洁; 龙冰雁

    2014-01-01

    《园林制图》课程的教学目标是培养学生的空间想象和抽象思维能力,SketchUp 是一款操作简便的3D建模软件,结合举例应用证明:适度使用 SketchUp 替代传统教具,可将《园林制图》中的教学难点直观化、形象化。

  6. GoogleEaCh和SketchUp环境下三维场景建立方法研究%Studies on the Implementation Methods of 3D Scene Based on Google Earth and Sketch Up

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高彦丽; 刘建平; 贾云朋; 苏洁; 张楠; 陈敬东; 温扬

    2012-01-01

    三维场景是直观有效表达客观世界的方法之一,在建筑、交通、城市规划和GIS领域均有广泛的应用。本文以石家庄经济学院为例,介绍了采用SketchUp作为建模工具,以GoogleEarth为模型浏览平台的三维场景建立方法,阐述了SketchUp建模的方法和步骤、模型上传与发布等方面的内容。最后得出结论:该方法较其他三维场景建立方法具有简洁、易学、网络共享等优点。%3D Scene is an intuitive and effective method of expressing the real world. It has been widely used in building, transportation, city planning and GIS area. For the Shijiazhuang University of Economic case, this arti- cle introduces the implementation methods of 3D scene which has used the Sketch Up as modeling tool, and the Google Earth as the model browser. It also expounds the method and step of modeling using Sketch Up, models u- ploading and releasing. At last, the paper gives the conclusion that this method has the advantages of briefness and internet tethering.

  7. New Village Landscape Design Based on CAD, SketchUp & Photoshop%基于CAD Sketch Up Photoshop三位一体的新农村景观设计实例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴丹子

    2012-01-01

    In this article, three types of software e.g., CAD, SketchUp and Photoshop and their functions in landscape design were described. Based on the case study of a small-scale new-village landscape, the design process and the roles of CAD, SketchUp and Photoshop were discussed respectively, hoping to find design methods of high quality and efficiency.%描述了CAD、SketchUp、Photoshop三种与设计相关的软件及在景观设计中的作用,通过对一个新农村小型景观的具体案例的研究,探讨景观的设计流程及CAD、SketchUp、Photoshop的使用情况和在流程中分别扮演的角色,从而寻求高品质的、高效的景观设计方法。

  8. Google SketchUp及其插件在包装设计中的应用研究%Application Research on Google SketchUp and Plugin in Packaging Design

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋继东

    2011-01-01

    以现代包装设计中存在的包装软件操作复杂对设计构思的负面影响为启示,从设计与表现关系角度分析了包装软件与包装设计的内在联系,提出了将Google SketchUp软件应用于包装设计中的建议,分析了SketchUp软件在包装设计过程中具有的积极作用,并针对SketchUj,在包装设计构思中的应用进行了论述,进而论述了该软件以及插件在包装材质、色彩设计和表现交流中的作用.在此基础上,论证了通过使用Google SketchUp不仅为包装设计师实现设计与表现一体化提供了可能,而且为设计师提供了实现思维直观化的便利.

  9. Designing an intranet from scratch to sketch: experiences from techniques used in the IDEnet project

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Berndtsson, Johan

    1999-01-01

    The choice of techniques to support system design is important in order to achieve a satisfactory result with regard to the quality of the future system. In the IDEnet development project, we chose to work with techniques used within, or inspired by, three different research areas: sociology......, participatory design and human-computer interaction. This paper discusses the use of one technique from each of these research areas in the development of an intranet (IDEnet) from `scratch to sketch' at the Department of Computer Science and Business Administration (IDE) in the University College of Karlskrona....../Ronneby in Sweden. The advantages and disadvantages for the use of each technique for system design are also discussed....

  10. Analysis of Humor in Zhao Benshan’s Comic Sketch from Relevance Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张丹

    2012-01-01

      Humor is a pervasive human phenomenon. It is observable in many spheres and aspects of life in various human interactions. Humor plays an important role in our social life. Relevance Theory provides a new perspective on the analysis of humor interpretation. From a relevance-theoretic point of view, humor interpretation is a cognitive process in which the addressee is willing to sacrifice more cognitive effort to access the more covert interpretation in pursuit of the extra ef ect—amusement brought about by comic sketch. The conclusion is made in the end in which the Relevance Theory works as it plays such an important role in analyzing humor production that helps us understand and appreciate Zhao’s humor better.

  11. Application of SketchUp in Coke Oven Three-Dimensional Digital Modeling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shuguang Ouyang

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Coke oven, which is a large industrial furnace, is complex in structure. A two-dimensional structure diagram can hardly help one observe the inner structure of a coke oven or master its working principle comprehensively. In order to solve this problem, a complete 3D digital model of a coke oven is generated by assembling the three-dimensional models of coke oven components created with SketchUp. It enables users to section the various components of the cove oven. The outer appearance and inner structure of the oven components also can be displayed visually from several different orientations. Moreover, it is convenient to storage and carry, operation easily and fast. It can be displayed on an ordinary computer and occupies no space at the laboratory. Meanwhile, a large sum of money that used for purchasing a physical coke oven model can be saved.

  12. Using evolutionary design to interactively sketch car silhouettes and stimulate designer's creativity

    CERN Document Server

    Cluzel, François; Dihlmann, Markus; 10.1016/j.engappai.2012.02.011

    2013-01-01

    An Interactive Genetic Algorithm is proposed to progressively sketch the desired side-view of a car profile. It adopts a Fourier decomposition of a 2D profile as the genotype, and proposes a cross-over mechanism. In addition, a formula function of two genes' discrepancies is fitted to the perceived dissimilarity between two car profiles. This similarity index is intensively used, throughout a series of user tests, to highlight the added value of the IGA compared to a systematic car shape exploration, to prove its ability to create superior satisfactory designs and to stimulate designer's creativity. These tests have involved six designers with a design goal defined by a semantic attribute. The results reveal that if "friendly" is diversely interpreted in terms of car shapes, "sportive" denotes a very conventional representation which may be a limitation for shape renewal.

  13. Application of the Sketch Match method in Sulina coastal study area within PEGASO project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marin, Eugenia; Nichersu, Iuliana; Mierla, Marian; Trifanov, Cristian; Nichersu, Iulian

    2013-04-01

    The Sketch Match approach for Sulina pilot case was carried out in the frame of the project "People for Ecosystem Based Governance in Assessing Sustainable Development of Ocean and Coast" - PEGASO, funded by the Seventh Framework Programme. The PEGASO project has been designed to identify common threats and solutions in relation to the long-term sustainable development and environmental protection of coastal zones bordering the Mediterranean and Black Seas in ways relevant to the implementation of the Integrated Coastal Zone Management Protocol (ICZM) for the Mediterranean. PEGASO will use the model of the existing ICZM Protocol for the Mediterranean and adjust it to the needs of the Black Sea through innovative actions, one of them being Refine and develop efficient and easy to use tools for making sustainability assessments in the coastal zone tested through a number of relevant pilot sites. Thus, for the Romania case study, the Sketch Match approach was selected, being an interactive public participation planning method, developed by the Dutch Government, and applied for Sulina area in order to stimulate support and involvement from stakeholders regarding Integrated Coastal Zone Management Protocol by consulting and involving these people in the planning process and making use of a coherent package of interactive methods. Participants were representatives of a wide range of stakeholders, varying from local fisherman to representatives of the Local and County council and Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve Authority. They participated in a two-day design session, focused on problems and potentials of the area, with the aim to work out possible solutions for an integrated coastal spatial planning, focusing on the parallel enhance of the various local functions in the spatial design (coastal area protection next to industry, tourism, nature, recreation, and other activities).

  14. Use of Google SketchUp to implement 3D spatio-temporal visualization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Linhai; Qu, Lina; Ying, Shen; Liang, Dongdong; Hu, Zhenlong

    2009-10-01

    Geovisualization is an important means to understand the geographic features and phenomena. Urban space, especially buildings, keeps changing with social development. However, traditional 2D visualization can only represent the plane geometric description, which is unable to support 3D dynamic visualization. Only with 3D dynamic visualization can the buildings' spatial morphology be exhibited temporally, including buildings' creation, expansion, removing, etc. But these buildings' changes are impossible to be studied in traditional 2D and 3D static visualization systems. As a result, it becomes urgent to find an effective solution to implement 3D spatial-temporal visualization of buildings. Inspired by 2D spatial-temporal visualization methods, like snapshot and event-based spatio-temporal data model(ESTDM), we propose a new data model called Spatio-Temporal Page Model(STPM) and implement 3D spatial-temporal visualization in Google SketchUp based on STPM. This paper studies 3D visualization of real estate focusing on its spatio-temporal characteristics. First of all, 3D models are built for every temporal scenario by the Google SketchUp. And every Geo-object is identified by a unique and permanent ObjectID, the linkage of Geo-objects between different time spots. Then, each temporal scenario is represented as page. After having the page series, finally, it is possible to display its spatial-temporal changes and create an animation. Underlying this solution, we have built a prototype system on part of real estate data. It is proven that users are able to understand clearly the real estate's changes from our prototype system. Consequently, we believe our method for 3D spatial-temporal visualization definitely has many merits.

  15. The Relationship Between Self-Concept and Certain Academic, Vocational, Biographical, and Personality Variables of Entering Male Freshmen at a Major Land Grant University.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Badgett, John L., Jr.

    The relationship between the self-concepts and certain academic, vocational, biographical, and personality variables of freshmen students was examined to provide the basis for a more scientific approach to academic-vocational counseling. The subjects completed the Self-Rating Scale, the Fascism Scale, and the Military Ideology Scale, and a student…

  16. 柳诒徵与近代中国传记史学%Liu Yizheng and modern biographical history of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴忠良

    2013-01-01

    Biographical historical theory wasn't well developed in modern China , while biographical history was thriving .Liu Yizheng made great achievements in Chinese cultural history as well as in biographical history .He produced many biographies of other famous people and also autobiography of himself .The characteristics of his bi-ographies of attaching importance to enlightenment , academic values and facts manifested the special aspect of mod-ern biographical history of China .%传记史学理论在中国近代虽然不甚发达,但传记史学却颇为兴盛。柳诒徵不仅在中国文化史、史学理论等方面成就显著,在传记史学方面也颇有建树,他传、自传多有行世,而其传记的注重教化、学术性、真实性等特点,也昭示了中国近代传记史学的特有面向。

  17. Visuo-spatial knowledge acquisition in individuals with Down syndrome: The role of descriptions and sketch maps.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meneghetti, Chiara; Lanfranchi, Silvia; Carretti, Barbara; Toffalini, Enrico

    2017-03-02

    Few studies on individuals with Down syndrome (DS) have explored how they learn space. The present study examines space learning from verbal descriptions in individuals with DS, and explores the role of external cues (such as a sketch map). Twenty-eight individuals with DS and 28 matched typically-developing (TD) children listened to route or survey descriptions with or without seeing a corresponding sketch map (Description+Sketch Map [D+SM] and Description alone [D], respectively). After hearing each description, they performed tasks that involved recognizing, arranging sequentially, and locating landmarks. The results showed that individuals with DS performed less well in recognizing landmarks and arranging them sequentially. The D+SM condition produced general benefits in both groups' accuracy, though the improvement in locating landmarks was greater in the TD than in the DS group. In both groups, the D+SM condition prompted a better performance than the D condition when participants arranged landmarks sequentially after hearing a description from a route perspective, but not from a survey perspective. Overall, our results show that individuals with DS benefited when a spatial description was associated with a corresponding sketch map, albeit to a lesser degree than TD children. The findings are discussed in the light of the literature on DS and on spatial cognition in the TD domain.

  18. Drawing-Based Simulation for Primary School Science Education: An Experimental Study of the GearSketch Learning Environment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Leenaars, Frank; van Joolingen, Wouter; Gijlers, Aaltje H.; Bollen, Lars

    2012-01-01

    Touch screen computers are rapidly becoming available to millions of students. These devices make the implementation of drawing-based simulation environments like Gear Sketch possible. This study shows that primary school students who received simulation-based support in a drawing-based learning

  19. The Effects of Using Google SketchUp on the Mental Rotation Skills of Eighth Grade Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erkoc, Mehmet Fatih; Gecu, Zeynep; Erkoc, Cigdem

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this study is to investigate the effectiveness of Google SketchUp, which is a computer aided design (CAD) software, on the Mental Rotation Skills of eighth grade students. For this purpose, in the spring semester of the 2011-2012 academic year, a treatment was conducted with 62 students comprised of 8A and 8B classes in the GSD…

  20. SketchUp在沈彰新城虚拟小区构建中的应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    翟丽

    2015-01-01

    近年来,随着数字城市和智慧城市的发展,虚拟现实技术也逐渐壮大,其中SketchUp软件在三维建筑和景观方面的应用优点突出,被广泛使用.本文主要内容是利用沈彰新城的CAD规划图纸、建筑图纸和景观规划图纸,用SketchUp、AutoCAD、Photoshop和V-Ray软件制作一个居民住宅小区——光华小区的三维模型.得到的成果包括光华小区的SketchUp模型、SketchUp导出的动画视频和渲染的部分场景的效果图.近似模拟现实中的景观,供政府部门的规划决策和购房者真实感受小区的环境,比如光照情况、景观和交通等,有很大的实用价值.

  1. SketchyDynamics: A Library for the Development of Physics Simulation Applications with Sketch-Based Interfaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abílio Costa

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Sketch-based interfaces provide a powerful, natural and intuitive way for users to interact with an application. By combining a sketch-based interface with a physically simulated environment, an application offers the means for users to rapidly sketch a set of objects, like if they are doing it on piece of paper, and see how these objects behave in a simulation. In this paper we present SketchyDynamics, a library that intends to facilitate the creation of applications by rapidly providing them a sketch-based interface and physics simulation capabilities. SketchyDynamics was designed to be versatile and customizable but also simple. In fact, a simple application where the user draws objects and they are immediately simulated, colliding with each other and reacting to the specified physical forces, can be created with only 3 lines of code. In order to validate SketchyDynamics design choices, we also present some details of the usability evaluation that was conducted with a proof-of-concept prototype

  2. To Explore the Effect of Sub Consciousness on Sudden Moments of Inspiration (SMI) in the Sketching Process of Industrial Design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Qun; Wang, Yecheng

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to identify the occurrence of Sudden Moments of Inspiration (SMI) in the sketching process of industrial design through experiments to explain the effect of sub consciousness on SMI. There are a pre-experiment and a formal experiment. In the formal experiment, nine undergraduates majoring in industrial design with same…

  3. New Methods in Design Education: The Systemic Methodology and the Use of Sketch in the Conceptual Design Stage

    Science.gov (United States)

    Westermeyer, Juan Carlos Briede; Ortuno, Bernabe Hernandis

    2011-01-01

    This study describes the application of a new product concurrent design methodologies in the context in the education of industrial design. The use of the sketch has been utilized many times as a tool of creative expression especially in the conceptual design stage, in an intuitive way and a little out of the context of the reality needs that the…

  4. Use of Portfolio Assessment Technique in Teaching Map Sketching and Location in Secondary School Geography in Jos, Nigeria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ugodulunwa, Christiana; Wakjissa, Sayita

    2015-01-01

    This study investigated the use of portfolio assessment technique in teaching map sketching and location in geography in Jos, Nigeria. It adopted a quasi-experimental design. Two schools were selected using a table of random numbers from a population of 51 schools in Jos South and assigned to each of experimental and control group. The…

  5. To Explore the Effect of Sub Consciousness on Sudden Moments of Inspiration (SMI) in the Sketching Process of Industrial Design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Qun; Wang, Yecheng

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to identify the occurrence of Sudden Moments of Inspiration (SMI) in the sketching process of industrial design through experiments to explain the effect of sub consciousness on SMI. There are a pre-experiment and a formal experiment. In the formal experiment, nine undergraduates majoring in industrial design with same…

  6. Drawing-Based Simulation for Primary School Science Education: An Experimental Study of the GearSketch Learning Environment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Leenaars, F.A.J.; Joolingen, van W.R.; Gijlers, A.H.; Bollen, L.

    2012-01-01

    Touch screen computers are rapidly becoming available to millions of students. These devices make the implementation of drawing-based simulation environments like Gear Sketch possible. This study shows that primary school students who received simulation-based support in a drawing-based learning env

  7. An historical, biographical, literary, and clinical consideration of Freud's 'Analysis Terminable and Interminable' on its fiftieth birthday.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loewenberg, P

    1988-01-01

    Freud's paper is re-examined and placed in biographical and historical context, Moses and monotheism (1934-1938) is treated as a parallel text. Freud's ironic scepticism is viewed against the background of Thomas Mann's 1936 idealization of psychoanalysis. Freud was a sick and dying man in 1937 with every reason for personal pessimism. The political setting was the triumph of fascism in Austria and the impending seizure of Austria by Hitler. Freud fantasized the protection of psychoanalysis by the Roman Catholic Church. The paper is a polemic against the theories of Ferenczi, Adler, and Rank. Contemporaneous defence of prophylactic analysis by Fenichel is reviewed. Freud's political judgement of the moral equivalence of Social Democracy and fascism is critiqued. Freud's injunction to periodic re-analysis and his vision of analysis as 'unending' is supported. The possibility of intergenerational prophylaxis is presented.

  8. 基于Google SketchUp与Google Earth的校园3维实现%Realization of 3D Virtual Campus Based on Google SketchUp and Google Earth

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄皖毅; 林紫峰; 章皖秋; 周靖菲; 齐超

    2011-01-01

    A virtual campus was realized based on the Southwest Forest University. The 3D models of the campus infrastructure were constructed and optimized by using Google SketchUp, and the virtual campus was deployed on the platform of Google Earth. Two examples were also given in the end to demonstrate the applications of the virtual campus.%以西南林学院为例,采用Google SketchUp创建3维建筑模型,介绍了建模方法和优化技术,并在GoogleEarth平台上发布了西南林学院校园3维全景,利用两个生活实例初步探讨了校园3维的应用功能.

  9. 基于GIS耦合SketchUp技术的三维地层模型绘制方法%A Method of Plotting Three Dimensional Stratum Model Based on Coupled GIS and SketchUp Technique

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋仁波

    2014-01-01

    针对三维地质建模工作繁琐、复杂,从手工绘制地质模型角度提出了一种基于GIS耦合SketchUp技术的三维地层模型绘制方法.采用钻孔资料作为数据源,通过ArcGIS的插值和栅格转换工具生成地层三角网格.然后利用SketchUp的封面插件和表面求交工具,生成地层的三维体模型.该方法操作简单、直观和易于掌握,具有一定的推广和应用价值.

  10. SketchUp软件辅助建筑工程制图与识图教学%On the Teaching of "Construction Drawing and Its Id-entification" Aided by SketchUp Software

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金志辉; 金志梅; 莫晓

    2012-01-01

      用SketchUp软件创建模型辅助建筑工程制图与识图教学,用模型动态演示了投影原理,点、线、面的投影,立体的投影,轴测图,透视图,剖面图。但是该软件还存在剖面图中看不到内部结构,文字标注不准确的不足%  With SketchUp software, models can be created to aid the teaching of "Construction Drawing and Its Identification". But there exist the following disadvantages of this software:inte-rnal structure cannot be seen from a sectional drawing, and text label is not accurate.

  11. Discussion on Application of Building Performance Simulation Software based on SketchUp%基于SketchUp建筑性能模拟软件的介绍与展望

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高莹; 侯寰宇; 吴伟东

    2016-01-01

    方案设计阶段的建筑性能模拟是实现建筑低能耗目标的关键阶段,基于SketchUp的建筑性能模拟插件的应用为建筑师提供了进行建筑性能分析的可能性.实际应用中由于性能插件信息的专业性和复杂性,其在方案设计阶段的应用并不普遍.通过比较目前基于SketchUp平台的常用建筑性能模拟软件的应用特点,来探讨适应方案设计阶段的性能模拟软件开发的发展趋势.

  12. The Construction and Implementation of the Interactive and Virtual Digital Campus Based on Sketch Up and VRP%基于Sketch Up与VRP的交互式虚拟数字校园构建与实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王新志; 薛鹏飞

    2012-01-01

    Based on the modeling software Sketch Up and the visual simulation and application software VRP, the construction and browsing of the interactive and virtual digital campus model of Nanjing University of Information Engineering & Technology are a-chieved. The paper discusses such issues as the data needs, data acquisition method and the realization of the interactive browsing with VRP.%结合Sketch Up建模软件和VRP可视化仿真应用软件,实现了南京信息工程大学虚拟数字校园模型构建与交互式浏览;讨论了校园3维模型构建中的数据需求、数据获取方法,以及用VRP实现交互式浏览应注意的一些问题.

  13. General Andrew Wauchope of Niddrie Marischal. A character sketch and brief historical tribute

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eric McPherson

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Two months after the outbreak of the Anglo-Boer War a series of battles took place which shook Britain. These were Stormberg (10 December1899, Magersfontein (11 December 1899 and Colenso (15 December 1899. All had been reverses for the British army and had taken place within a week which became known as Black Week - a phrase coined by the British Liberal Party politician Asquith. Great Britain was regarded as having the world's most powerful army at the time and the losses suffered against the Boers resulted in humiliation and anguish for the British nation. However, nowhere was the anguish greater than in Scotland for at Magersfontein the Highland Brigade had fared badly suffering severe losses including their commander, Major-General Andrew Wauchope, killed in action. As Conan Doyle put it, "Never has Scotland had a more grievous day than this at Magersfontein. She had always given her best blood with lavish generosity for the Empire, but it may be doubted if any single battle has ever put' so many families of high and low, into mourning from the Tweed to Caithness shore." (Doyle, 1900:24 In the words of biographer William Baird "the empire has lost one of its noblest and best, a hero has gone down to his rest ere his full life's work was done". (Baird, 1902:196 Although these statements may seem somewhat flowery and were expressed during a period of much patriotic fervour, they nevertheless indicate the emotional reaction to Andrew Wauchope's untimely death.

  14. Study on Construction of Three-dimensional Scene Based on SketchUp and ArcGIS%基于SketchUp和ArcGIS的三维场景构建技术研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈靖翔; 况明生; 杨坤

    2011-01-01

    Three-dimensional visualization is one of new trend of CIS research. This paper proposes a method to construct three-dimensional scene, and introduces the process and steps in detail.%三维可视化是GIS研究的新趋势之一.提出一种基于SketchUp和ArcGIS的三维场景构建方法,详细介绍此方法的流程与步骤.

  15. Superiorities and Applications on the SketchUp Software in Landscape Conceptual Design Representation%SketchUp软件在景观概念性设计表现中的优势及应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁亮; 李静

    2012-01-01

    The landscape conceptual design features and ways of thinking were analyzed briefly ,the SketchUp software features and superiorities in conceptual design representation were introduced. Through case studies--Hefei Cool Car Club conceptual design of the outdoor landscape,the function of photo match modeling and fast performance in the conceptual design by the SketehUp software were displayed.%简要分析了景观概念性设计的特点和思维方法,介绍了SketchUp软件特征及其在概念设计表现中的优势,并通过案例分析——合肥酷卡汽车俱乐部室外景观概念性设计,展示了SketchUp软件的照片匹配建模功能和快速表现在概念性设计中的应用。

  16. Fractality of Massive Graphs: Scalable Analysis with Sketch-Based Box-Covering Algorithm

    CERN Document Server

    Akiba, Takuya; Takaguchi, Taro

    2016-01-01

    Analysis and modeling of networked objects are fundamental pieces of modern data mining. Most real-world networks, from biological to social ones, are known to have common structural properties. These properties allow us to model the growth processes of networks and to develop useful algorithms. One remarkable example is the fractality of networks, which suggests the self-similar organization of global network structure. To determine the fractality of a network, we need to solve the so-called box-covering problem, where preceding algorithms are not feasible for large-scale networks. The lack of an efficient algorithm prevents us from investigating the fractal nature of large-scale networks. To overcome this issue, we propose a new box-covering algorithm based on recently emerging sketching techniques. We theoretically show that it works in near-linear time with a guarantee of solution accuracy. In experiments, we have confirmed that the algorithm enables us to study the fractality of million-scale networks fo...

  17. Sketching Awareness: A Participatory Study to Elicit Designs for Supporting Ad Hoc Emergency Medical Teamwork

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kusunoki, Diana; Sarcevic, Aleksandra; Zhang, Zhan; Yala, Maria

    2014-01-01

    Prior CSCW research on awareness in clinical settings has mostly focused on higher-level team coordination spanning across longer-term trajectories at the department and inter-department levels. In this paper, we offer a perspective on what awareness means within the context of an ad hoc, time- and safety-critical medical setting by looking at teams treating severely ill patients with urgent needs. We report findings from four participatory design workshops conducted with emergency medicine clinicians at two regional emergency departments. Workshops were developed to elicit design ideas for information displays that support awareness in emergency medical situations. Through analysis of discussions and clinicians’ sketches of information displays, we identified five features of teamwork that can be used as a foundation for supporting awareness from the perspective of clinicians. Based on these findings, we contribute rich descriptions of four facets of awareness that teams manage during emergency medical situations: team member awareness, elapsed time awareness, teamwork-oriented and patient-driven task awareness, and overall progress awareness. We then discuss these four awareness types in relation to awareness facets found in the CSCW literature. PMID:25870498

  18. A Functional Sketch For Resources Management In Collaborative Systems For Business

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moca Mircea

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a functional design sketch for the resource management module of a highly scalable collaborative system. Small and medium enterprises require such tools in order to benefit from and develop innovative business ideas and technologies. As computing power is a modern increasing demand and no easy and cheap solutions are defined, especially small companies or emerging business projects abide a more accessible alternative. Our work targets to settle a model for how P2P architecture can be used as infrastructure for a collaborative system that delivers resource access services. We are focused on finding a workable collaborative strategy between peers so that the system offers a cheap, trustable and quality service. Thus, in this phase we are not concerned about solutions for a specific type of task to be executed by peers, but only considering CPU power as resource. This work concerns the resource management module as a part of a larger project in which we aim to build a collaborative system for businesses with important resource demands

  19. Processing the image gradient field using a topographic primal sketch approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gambaruto, A M

    2015-03-01

    The spatial derivatives of the image intensity provide topographic information that may be used to identify and segment objects. The accurate computation of the derivatives is often hampered in medical images by the presence of noise and a limited resolution. This paper focuses on accurate computation of spatial derivatives and their subsequent use to process an image gradient field directly, from which an image with improved characteristics can be reconstructed. The improvements include noise reduction, contrast enhancement, thinning object contours and the preservation of edges. Processing the gradient field directly instead of the image is shown to have numerous benefits. The approach is developed such that the steps are modular, allowing the overall method to be improved and possibly tailored to different applications. As presented, the approach relies on a topographic representation and primal sketch of an image. Comparisons with existing image processing methods on a synthetic image and different medical images show improved results and accuracy in segmentation. Here, the focus is on objects with low spatial resolution, which is often the case in medical images. The methods developed show the importance of improved accuracy in derivative calculation and the potential in processing the image gradient field directly. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  20. “Spray Technique: Tracing the Sketch Traditions of Limestone Cave in Lenggong, Perak”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yahaya Fatan Hamamah

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Archaeological research provides the widest opportunity for researchers to analyse various aspects and disciplines appropriate to the subject and the object of choice. Subject and object selection is the work of exploration artefacts found in particular sites and archaeological heritage. Exploration and excavation on of a world heritage site such as Lenggong enables researchers to uncover various archaeological artefacts that are rich and meaningful. To find evidence of the strength and benefits of an artefact, further studies on each artefact should be carried out continuously. This essay will track the wisdom of the ancient artists use to produce paintings in a limestone cave in Lenggong, Perak, using spray techniques. Some artefacts that are identified as cave paintings show a very interesting sketch technique that are unique and special. This essay will also examine some of the cave paintings in other caves in Perak and also other caves in several countries as comparison. Studies involving cave paintings in Malaysia are new compared to Western countries. Thus, the study of one of the technique which is spray technique can open the eyes of the audience to acknowledge and recognise the ancient heritage. It also hoped that this study is able to increase the body of knowledge that goes beyond the boundaries of the arts district and the country.

  1. For We are Where We are not - Mixed-Reality Narratives, Installation Interfaces and Design Sketches

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Zapp

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Für den französischen Philosophen Gaston Bachelard (1884–1962 schafft der Raum ein Milieu purer Intimität und voller Seele. Andrea Zapp analysiert davon ausgehend in ihrem englischsprachigen Beitrag Mixed-Reality Narratives, Installation Interfaces and Design Sketches. For the French philosopher Gaston Bachelard (1884–1962 space in its very literal sense creates a milieu of pure intimacy and full of soul. His witty and enlightening analysis of the private home and its rooms, cupboards, containers and personal items are described in his book The Poetics of Space (1964 and reveal how spatial surroundings and shapes define our memories, thoughts and identities. His classification of space becomes a portal to imagination, creating a prism in which all physical worlds and objects are enhanced by individual or artistic inner visions and dreams, forming most insightful dialectics of inside and outside, open and closed, being and non-being: leading to what he finally calls 'the phenomenology of roundness' in art and philosophical thinking.

  2. SketchUp在玉米种子加工中心规划设计中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李永磊; 陈海军; 冯志琴; 孙文浩

    2013-01-01

    SketchUp是优秀的直接面向规划设计过程的设计工具软件,简单易学、功能强大。通过构建三维模型,辅以渲染填色,设计者可以进行直观的方案构思和设计。SketchUp模型既能充分表达设计者的思想,又可满足与客户即时交流的需要,将其应用于玉米种子加工中心项目设计是规划设计方法改进的有益探索。

  3. 浅谈SketchUp软件在景观深化设计中的运用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程熠

    2014-01-01

    随着信息化的不断深入,科技媒介正深深地影响着当下的景观设计,SketchUp软件在当前的景观深化设计中得到了广泛的运用。SketchUp软件对景观空间的意向塑造深入设计有着较大的帮助,同时对设计师精准的把握材质肌理对比提供了参考和科学依据,尤其在景观的细节深入设计中,它把著名建筑师密斯·凡·德罗的名言“:魔鬼在细节”推向了制高点。

  4. AutoCAD与SketchUp结合的建筑装饰设计制图研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林银大

    2014-01-01

    随着建筑装饰设计专业的发展,建筑装饰制图也不断完善和发展。由传统尺规作图到AutoCAD辅助制图,制图的精确性、效率等不断提升。在AutoCAD辅助制图基础上,SketchUp软件可以较好地解决AutoCAD辅助制图中出现的制图瓶颈。SketchUp软件的开放性与兼容性功能的应用,使电脑辅助制图更加完善。、

  5. Violating the Maxims of Quality and Quantity on the ‘Demo Sabun’ Sketch of Extravaganza Situation Comedy TV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Setia Rini

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available This study focuses on analyzing the violation of maxims as proposed by Grice in his cooperative principles. The subject of the study is on one of TV sitcoms broadcasted by one of the private owned TV station in Indonesia. The writer collected the data by transcribing the dialogues among the comedian in one sketch. In this modern era there are many busy people who need such kind of entertainment to lead them release their fatigue after having a day work. This situation invites some creative people to produce humor which is then packaged in the form situation comedy. These sitcoms can be broadcasted in many television stations now. In creating such funny expressions, there must be the violation on some maxims. By violating the maxims; the humorous verbal interaction can be achieved. The writer found that there are two types of violation on maxims of quality and quantity in one of the extravaganza’s sketches.

  6. Divine Doctors: The Construction of the Image of Three Greek Physicians in Islamic Biographical Dictionaries of Physicians

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abbou Hershkovits, Keren

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the way authors of three medieval Islamic biographical dictionaries portrayed the lives, behavior and characteristics of three key figures of Greco-Roman medicine, Asclepius, Hippocrates and Galen. Particular attention was given to the vocabulary and phrasing used in the biographies, and associations with other literary genres or figures. An analysis of these biographies demonstrates a significant resemblance between the portrayal of these Greco-Roman physicians and the lives of prophetic figures in Islam, and especially that of the Prophet Muḥammad. In addition, these biographies align with features attributed to pious Muslims. This study demonstrates that Muslim biographers constructed these biographies as part of a general tendency to associate medicine with Islam, and the origins of medical knowledge with prophetic wisdom. This study mantains that the connotations and use of this particular terminology allows for a positive view of the science of medicine in these Islamic compositions in which they were included.Este artículo analiza la manera en que los autores de tres diccionarios biográficos islámicos medievales retrataron la vida y características de las tres figuras más destacadas de la medicina greco-romana: Asclepio, Hipócrates y Galeno. Se presta especial atención al vocabulario y al estilo empleado en las biografías, así como a su relación con otros géneros literarios o figuras. El análisis de estas biografías revela un considerable parecido entre el retrato de estos tres médicos greco-romanos y la vida de algunos profetas en el Islam, especialmente la del Profeta Muḥammad. Asimismo, estas biografías presentan elementos atribuidos a musulmanes piadosos. Este estudio demuestra que los biógrafos musulmanes construyeron esas biografías como parte de una tendencia general a asociar la medicina con el Islam y los orígenes del saber médico con la sabiduría profética. Igualmente, sostiene que

  7. Research for 3D visualization of Digital City based on SketchUp and ArcGIS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Hanwei; Badawi, Rami; Fan, Xiaohu; Ren, Jiayong; Zhang, Zhiqiang

    2009-10-01

    The visualization of 3D city information is the precondition and foundation to construct Digital City and the uniformity of 2D and 3D GIS platforms to make the Digital City more widely applicable. This article firstly analyzes some kinds of 3D visualization software. Secondly, using the Google SketchUp and ArcGIS as examples and discuss the 3D visualization of city information and modeling, and lastly, carrying out research on the 3D model construction process.

  8. Strategy Planning Visualization Tool (SPVT) for the Air Operations Center (AOC) Volume I: SPVT Summary and COA Sketch

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-12-01

    achieve the Joint Commander’s desired effects. COA Sketch supports COA analysis and comparison by     22 offering a collection of intelligent forms...Services Gateway Initiative ( OSGi ) compliant plug-in infrastructure based upon the Eclipse RCP. IOPC-X client components included the following...software needs to be written to allow dynamic update – this capability is provided by the workbench and the OSGi framework. 3.7.2 EXTERNAL INTERFACES

  9. I’m Wife,I’ve Finished That:Analysis of the Feminism Views of Emily Dickinson in a Biographical Perspective

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴悠

    2015-01-01

    The nineteen century in America is in a typical patriarchal society.Women were judged as dependent to the men and their main tasks were taking care of their husband and children.In this paper,I will looking at Emily Dickinson’s opinion about feminism through the poem“I’m Wife,I’ve Finished that” in a biographical perspective.This paper is divided by three parts,the first part provides an overview of reasons for Dickinson to write such a poem.The second part discusses the poem“I’m Wife,I’ve Finished that” in a biographical view.Mainly to dig out why did Dickinson write such a poem.The third part examines attitude of Dickinson about feminism through the poem“I’m wife,I’ve finished that.”

  10. I’m Wife,I’ve Finished That:Analysis of the Feminism Views of Emily Dickinson in a Biographical Perspective

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴悠

    2015-01-01

    The nineteen century in America is in a typical patriarchal society.Women were judged as dependent to the men and their main tasks were taking care of their husband and children.In this paper,I will looking at Emily Dickinson’s opinion about feminism through the poem "I’m Wife,I’ve Finished that" in a biographical perspective.This paper is divided by three parts,the first part provides an overview of reasons for Dickinson to write such a poem.The second part discusses the poem "I’m Wife,I’ve Finished that" in a biographical view.Mainly to dig out why did Dickinson write such a poem.The third part examines attitude of Dickinson about feminism through the poem "I’m wife,I’ve finished that."

  11. Créer avec SketchUp 16 projets, de l'architecture au théâtre

    CERN Document Server

    2009-01-01

    Grâce à SketchUp, la 3D n'est plus l'apanage des seuls programmes de CAO spécialisés. Plus besoin d investir des milliers d euros en logiciels et en matériel informatique haut de gamme ! Les concepteurs comme le grand public disposent maintenant d un outil efficace, rapide et intuitif pour modéliser en trois dimensions le fruit de leur imagination. Cet ouvrage, à l'approche originale et concrète, vous dispense des conseils pour acquérir de bonnes pratiques d'utilisation de SketchUp, manier ses fonctions avancées et le faire collaborer avec d'autres logiciels. Il présente un tour d horizon de SketchUp et 16 cas d'utilisation professionnelle réels, couvrant une vaste gamme de métiers, de l'architecture à la menuiserie en passant par le graphisme, la scénographie, la géologie, l'ingénierie ou l'infographie. Chaque auteur partage avec vous ses méthodes et astuces, issues de sa pratique professionnelle, qui vous permettront de gagner du temps et de dépasser les limites apparentes parfois rencon...

  12. 现代文学作家传记写作中的主体性%The Subjectivity of Chinese Modern Biographers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟丹青

    2015-01-01

    自20世纪80年代以来,中国现代文学作家传记创作呈现繁荣局面。对这些作家传记进行深入研究,显然有利于现代文学研究的拓展,同时也有利于当代传记文学的发展。现代文学传记写作中的主体性主要表现在传记作家对传主的态度、传记作家的对话意识、价值判断、文体意识等几个方面。只有充分发挥传记作家的主体意识,树立当代传记观,才能推动中国传统传记向现代的转型,建设具有当代性的传记诗学。%There is prosperity of the creation of Chinese modern biographers from the 1980s.The study of these biogra-phies will help promote the development of Chinese modern and contemporary literature.The subjectivity of biography of modern authors is mainly expressed in the attitude of biographer towards the hero,the biographer's consciousness of com-munication,judgment and aesthetic.Only fully developing biographer's subjectivity,can we push forward the biography transition from tradition to the modern,and construct the contemporary theory of biography.

  13. The Integrated Model of (Dys- Functionality: Reconstructing Patterns of Gaming as Self-Medication in Biographical Interviews with Video Game Addicts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paula Bleckmann

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available We aim to build a new theory of highly committed problematic video gaming based on rich qualitative data and to compare it to existing theories. To do this, we used hermeneutic analytical methods and grounded theory methodology to analyze 125 hours of recording from 42 biographical interviews, 23 of them with long-term follow-up. Participants were addicted (ex- gamers according to screening instruments, aged 16 to 44, 29 males and 13 females. The integrated (dys- functionality model shows in-game behavior of participants to be dysfunctional in that it hinders advancement in several distinguishable real-life biographical quests (for success, for belonging, and for autonomy and at the same time functional in that it matches these quests. The model integrates two seemingly irreconcilable research traditions: The addiction/disease model in medical-psychological research investigates dysfunctionality of gaming in pathological gamers. Game studies focus on functionality of in-game behavior and establish gamer typologies based on gaming motives. By adding the biographical context to game studies, but keeping the gamer's perspective, we show that gamers whose lives become dominated by gaming may know what they want and "virtually" get it, but still not "really" get it in the long term. "Compensatory" gaming does not, thus, equal unproblematic or "non-addicted" gaming. URN: http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs150387

  14. The Generation of the Biographical Features in The Old Testament%《旧约》传记性叙事特征的生成机制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马宏伟

    2012-01-01

    《旧约》的编纂和叙事等层面都呈现出鲜明的传记性特征,即以人物为中心组织材料,按照人物生平叙事历史进程,以人物命名等等。这种传记性特征的产生有着复杂的文化、历史等因素,比如《旧约》作为早期文本叙事的故事化倾向,以人系事的纪传体历史叙事的产生,以及纪传体叙事适应了犹太民族独特的流散历史境况等。%The Old Testament displays clearly the biographical features in its narrative and compilatory levels,namely,the organization of the materials around people,the historical process of narration in accordance with people's life and their destinies.These features lie on complex reasons,such as the story tendency of The Old Testament as an early narrative text, the generation of the biographical historical narration and the biographical narration which adapted the diaspora history of the Jewish.

  15. The intermediate function: From the figure of the trainee in the community to the medical record as a biographical document for recomposition of identity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francesca Sandri

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available This work originates from a reflection on trainees connecting and mediation potentials held inside a community structure. These potentials are characterized by the trainees role which is temporary and by a temporary sense of belonging. These potentials may enable the trainee to become a functional component in the healing process and assume different roles left open by operators, families and services, so as to strengthen the working net. Our reflection indicates that the biographical reconstruction of a patient activates a recovery process of his family narrative history and also a deeper consciousness of his mental suffering during his life, which involves the team, patient and his family. The deeper consciousness enables a redefinition of individual projects that are coherent with the history and needs of the patient. A medical record may therefore become a biographical document, where different narratives converge, including the delirious one and that which is broken up by the patient who participates in a possible healing process, where the patient continuously regains possession of a coherent version of his identity and history, through his surrounding environment.Keywords: Community psychotherapy; Network working group; Medical record as a biographical document

  16. Twenty-Four-Hour Urine Osmolality as a Physiological Index of Adequate Water Intake

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erica T. Perrier

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available While associations exist between water, hydration, and disease risk, research quantifying the dose-response effect of water on health is limited. Thus, the water intake necessary to maintain optimal hydration from a physiological and health standpoint remains unclear. The aim of this analysis was to derive a 24 h urine osmolality (UOsm threshold that would provide an index of “optimal hydration,” sufficient to compensate water losses and also be biologically significant relative to the risk of disease. Ninety-five adults (31.5 ± 4.3 years, 23.2 ± 2.7 kg·m−2 collected 24 h urine, provided morning blood samples, and completed food and fluid intake diaries over 3 consecutive weekdays. A UOsm threshold was derived using 3 approaches, taking into account European dietary reference values for water; total fluid intake, and urine volumes associated with reduced risk for lithiasis and chronic kidney disease and plasma vasopressin concentration. The aggregate of these approaches suggest that a 24 h urine osmolality ≤500 mOsm·kg−1 may be a simple indicator of optimal hydration, representing a total daily fluid intake adequate to compensate for daily losses, ensure urinary output sufficient to reduce the risk of urolithiasis and renal function decline, and avoid elevated plasma vasopressin concentrations mediating the increased antidiuretic effort.

  17. Twenty-four hour blood flow in the forefoot after reconstructive vascular surgery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jelnes, R

    1986-01-01

    Local blood flow in the forefoot (SBF) was measured continuously during 24 hours by 133xenon clearance technique in 10 patients prior to and at least 1 year after successful reconstructive vascular surgery for severe arterial insufficiency (mean: 18 months, range: 12-36). A group of 10 patients...... with normal peripheral circulation served as a control group. In spite of a considerable increase of the ankle/arm systolic blood pressure index--preoperative: 0.30 +/- 0.12, postoperative: 0.78 +/- 0.28 (mean +/- 1 SD)--the SBF decreased by 50% (p less than 0.001) following reconstructive vascular surgery...... are explained by the reappearance of peripheral vasoregulatory mechanisms. Postreconstructive hyperemia was evaluated by the same technique. The changes in SBF following surgery in the positions supine, awake and supine, asleep were found to be insignificant (0.80 less than p less than 0.90). It is concluded...

  18. Remission and rheumatoid arthritis: Data on patients receiving usual care in twenty-four countries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sokka, Tuulikki; Hetland, Merete Lund; Mäkinen, Heidi;

    2008-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To compare the performance of different definitions of remission in a large multinational cross-sectional cohort of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: The Questionnaires in Standard Monitoring of Patients with RA (QUEST-RA) database, which (as of January 2008) included 5...... exercise were statistically significantly associated with remission. CONCLUSION: The use of different definitions of RA remission leads to different results with regard to remission rates, with considerable variation among countries and between sexes. Reported remission rates in clinical trials...

  19. Twenty-four near-instabilities of Caspar-Klug viruses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Englert, François; Peeters, Kasper; Taormina, Anne

    2008-09-01

    Group theoretical arguments combined with normal mode analysis techniques are applied to a coarse-grained approximation of icosahedral viral capsids which incorporates areas of variable flexibility. This highlights a remarkable structure of the low-frequency spectrum in this approximation, namely, the existence of a plateau of 24 near zero modes with universal group theory content.

  20. LECTURES ON ACUPUNCTURE Part Ⅰ Clinical Acupuncture Lecture Twenty-Four "XIONGBI" (CHEST PAIN) SYNDROME

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Dong Hongying; Guo Ling; Shang Xiukui

    2001-01-01

    @@ "Xiongbi" chest (or precordial) pain with stuffiness, or chest pain syndrome is referred to choking pain in the chest due to stagnation of chest -yang, failure of qi and blood in warming and nourishing the local meridians. It is usually caused by stagnation of dampness and phlegm in the interior, or by insufficiency of qi and blood stasis, leading to impeded flow of qi and blood in the heart vessels. Its pathological characteristics are deficiency (chest-yang) in origin and excess (i. e., qi stagnation) in superficiality. The therapeutic principles are promoting blood circulation to remove blood stasis, getting rid of blockage and dredging the passages of yang-qi.

  1. Remission and rheumatoid arthritis: Data on patients receiving usual care in twenty-four countries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sokka, Tuulikki; Hetland, Merete Lund; Mäkinen, Heidi

    2008-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To compare the performance of different definitions of remission in a large multinational cross-sectional cohort of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: The Questionnaires in Standard Monitoring of Patients with RA (QUEST-RA) database, which (as of January 2008) included 5...

  2. Twenty-four hour urinary urea excretion and 9-year risk of hypertension: The PREVEND study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tielemans, S.M.A.J.; Geleijnse, J.M.; Baak, M.A. van; Engberink, M.F.; Brink, E.J.; Jong, P.E. de; Gansevoort, R.T.; Bakker, S.J.L.

    2013-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: It is not yet clear whether dietary protein could help maintaining a healthy blood pressure (BP). We investigated the association between total protein intake, estimated from 24-h urinary urea excretion, and incident hypertension in Dutch men and women. METHODS: We analyzed data of 3997

  3. Autistic children grow up: an eight to twenty-four year follow-up study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wolf, L; Goldberg, B

    1986-08-01

    Eighty questionnaires were sent to parents and/or caregivers of autistic persons diagnosed between 1960-73 at CPRI, a regional assessment and treatment centre. The objective was to determine their present place of residence, functioning ability, language development, program involvement, and seizure activity. The results of this study support evidence that more than 50 percent require long-term institutional care; almost one-third suffer epileptic seizures; there is a persistence of symptoms and difficulty in gaining useful speech; few live independently or are capable of employment.

  4. Twenty-four-hour intraocular pressure patterns in a symptomatic patient after ab interno trabeculotomy surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mansouri K

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Kaweh Mansouri,1 Felipe A Medeiros,2 Robert N Weinreb2 1Glaucoma Sector, Department of Ophthalmology, Geneva University Hospitals, Geneva, Switzerland; 2Hamilton Glaucoma Center and Department of Ophthalmology, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA Abstract: We report the results of repeated ambulatory continuous 24-hour intraocular pressure (IOP monitoring with a contact lens sensor (CLS in a glaucoma patient with ocular pain after ab interno trabeculotomy (Trabectome™ surgery. Our findings show that a combined prostaglandin–pilocarpine treatment reduced nighttime IOP peaks and relieved the patient’s symptoms. Keywords: 24-hour, Trabectome contact lens sensor, prostaglandin–pilocarpine treatment

  5. Total antioxidant and antiproliferative activities of twenty-four Vitis vinifera grapes

    Science.gov (United States)

    The phytochemical profiles of 24 Vitis vinifera grape cultivars, including total phenolics, total flavonoids, total antioxidant activity and antiproliferative activity, were determined. Total phenolic contents in the cultivars ranged from 95.3 to 686.5 mg of gallic acid equivalents/100 g FW, and to...

  6. Twenty-four hour radioactive iodine uptake in 35 patients with amiodarone associated thyrotoxicosis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Martino, E.; Aghini-Lombardi, F.; Lippi, F.; Baschieri, L.; Safran, M.; Braverman, L.E.; Pinchera, A.

    1985-12-01

    Amiodarone associated thyrotoxicosis (AAT) occurs in approximately 10% of patients treated with this iodine rich drug in areas of mild iodine deficiency. The thyroid radioactive iodine uptake (RAIU) is usually undetectable or very low in iodine-induced thyrotoxicosis. In the present study, 35 patients with AAT were evaluated. Twelve patients had no thyroid abnormalities by physical exam and all had 24-hr RAIU less than or equal to 4%. In contrast, nine of 11 patients with AAT and diffuse goiters and eight of 12 patients with AAT and nodular goiters had RAIU values greater than 8%. In patients with AAT and goiter it appears possible that the thyroid fails to adapt normally to the excess iodide load, resulting in an inappropriately high RAIU in the presence of excess plasma iodine.

  7. Twenty four year time trends in fats and cholesterol intake by adolescents. Warsaw Adolescents Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Charzewska Jadwiga

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to determine time trends (1982–2006 in total fat intake and changes in fatty acid structure intake in adolescents from Warsaw in view of increasing prevalence of obesity. Data come from four successive surveys randomly selected samples of adolescents (aged 11–15 years old, from Warsaw region. In total 9747 pupils have been examined, with response rate varying from 55% to 87% depending on year. Surveys were done always in the spring season of the year. Food intake was assessed by using 24 hours recall method of consumption by the pupils all products, including enriched, dishes and beverages as well as diet supplements, in the last 24 hours preceding the examination. The content of energy and nutrients was calculated by means of own computer softwares (DIET 2 and 4, taking into account successive revisions of the tables of food composition and nutritional values, as well as current Polish DRI. A significant decreasing trend was found in intake of total fat, of saturated fatty acids (SFA and cholesterol. The percentage of energy from total fat, also decreased both in boys (to 35,1% and girls (to 33,7%, what failed to reach the desired level below 30% of energy from fat which is recommended. Also significant decrease of SFA consumption was not satisfactory enough to approach the values <10% of energy recommended as was from 13% to 15%. Decreasing trends in fat intake was not in accordance with the trend in obesity prevalence in the adolescents as average BMI is going up. To stabilize the health-oriented changes especially in the diets of adolescents, further activity is desired from professionals working with prevention of adolescents obesity.

  8. Twenty-Four-Hour Mobility During Acute Hospitalization in Older Medical Patients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Mette Merete; Bodilsen, Ann Christine; Petersen, Janne

    2013-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Inactivity during hospitalization in older medical patients may lead to functional decline. This study quantified 24-hour mobility, validated the accelerometers used, and assessed the daily level of basic mobility in acutely admitted older medical patients during their hospitalization...

  9. Twenty-four hour blood flow in the forefoot after reconstructive vascular surgery

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jelnes, R.

    1986-08-01

    Local blood flow in the forefoot (SBF) was measured continuously during 24 hours by 133xenon clearance technique in 10 patients prior to and at least 1 year after successful reconstructive vascular surgery for severe arterial insufficiency (mean: 18 months, range: 12-36). A group of 10 patients with normal peripheral circulation served as a control group. In spite of a considerable increase of the ankle/arm systolic blood pressure index--preoperative: 0.30 +/- 0.12, postoperative: 0.78 +/- 0.28 (mean +/- 1 SD)--the SBF decreased by 50% (p less than 0.001) following reconstructive vascular surgery during day activities. During sleep, however, SBF increased by 80% (p less than 0.001). The relative changes in SBF from day to night at the postoperative examination did not differ from that of the control group, i.e., the normal 24-hour blood flow pattern had been obtained. These changes in SBF are explained by the reappearance of peripheral vasoregulatory mechanisms. Postreconstructive hyperemia was evaluated by the same technique. The changes in SBF following surgery in the positions supine, awake and supine, asleep were found to be insignificant (0.80 less than p less than 0.90). It is concluded that the long-term postreconstructive hyperemia merely is a reflection of the normal 24-hour blood flow pattern.

  10. Twenty-four hour urinary urea excretion and 9-year risk of hypertension : the PREVEND study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tielemans, Susanne M. A. J.; Geleijnse, Johanna M.; van Baak, Marleen A.; Engberink, Marielle F.; Brink, Elizabeth J.; de Jong, Paul E.; Gansevoort, Ronald T.; Bakker, Stephan J. L.

    2013-01-01

    Objectives:It is not yet clear whether dietary protein could help maintaining a healthy blood pressure (BP). We investigated the association between total protein intake, estimated from 24-h urinary urea excretion, and incident hypertension in Dutch men and women.Methods:We analyzed data of 3997 men

  11. Twenty-four hour urinary urea excretion and 9-year risk of hypertension: the PREVEND study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tielemans, S.M.A.J.; Geleijnse, J.M.; Baak, van M.A.; Engberink, M.F.; Brink, E.J.; Jong, P.E.; Gansevoort, R.T.; Bakker, S.J.A.

    2013-01-01

    OBJECTIVES:: It is not yet clear whether dietary protein could help maintaining a healthy blood pressure (BP). We investigated the association between total protein intake, estimated from 24-h urinary urea excretion, and incident hypertension in Dutch men and women. METHODS:: We analyzed data of 399

  12. Twenty-Four Veterinary Anatomic Fibs, Half-Truths, and Misleading Statements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shively, Michael Jay

    1979-01-01

    A number of statements about well-established information in veterinary anatomy are debated and refuted: (1) sesamoid bones change the direction of tendons, (2) tendons are composed of collagenous connective tissue, (3) anal glands are synonymous with anal sacs, (4) reciprocal apparatus is part of stay apparatus, etc. (Author/MLW)

  13. Twenty-four-hour ambulatory blood pressure in children with sleep-disordered breathing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amin, Raouf S; Carroll, John L; Jeffries, Jenny L; Grone, Charles; Bean, Judy A; Chini, Barbara; Bokulic, Ronald; Daniels, Stephen R

    2004-04-15

    Obstructive sleep apnea causes intermittent elevation of systemic blood pressure (BP) during sleep. To determine whether obstructive apnea in children has a tonic effect on diurnal BP, 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure was obtained from 60 children with mean age of 10.8 +/- 3.5 years. Thirty-nine children had obstructive apnea and 21 had primary snoring. Children with obstructive apnea had significantly greater mean BP variability during wakefulness and sleep, a higher night-to-day systolic BP, and a smaller nocturnal dipping of mean BP. Variability of mean arterial pressure during wakefulness was predicted by the desaturation, body mass, and arousal indices, whereas variability during sleep was predicted by apnea-hypopnea and body mass indices. Nocturnal BP dipping was predicted by the desaturation index. There were no significant differences in systolic, diastolic, or mean arterial BP during sleep between the groups. Diastolic BP during wakefulness was significantly different between the groups and correlated negatively with apnea-hypopnea index. We conclude that obstructive apnea in children is associated with 24-hour BP dysregulation and that, independent of obesity, the frequency of obstructive apnea, oxygen desaturation, and arousal contributes to abnormal BP control.

  14. Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities. Volume Twenty-four. Michigan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Feurer, D.A.; Weaver, C.L.

    1981-01-01

    A detailed description of the laws and programs of the State of Michigan governing the regulation of public energy facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations, and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the Federal level and in each state as background to the report entitled Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities - Volume One: An Overview. This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One - An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enhance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

  15. 77 FR 47631 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Request for Comments on Twenty-Four Proposed...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-09

    ...: NSPS for Synthetic Fiber Production Facilities (40 CFR Part 60, Subpart HHH). ICR Numbers: EPA ICR..., 2012. (9) NSPS for Synthetic Fiber Production Facilities (40 CFR Part 60, Subpart HHH); Learia Williams... Part 60, Subpart HHH); Docket ID Number EPA-HQ-OECA-2012-0528; EPA ICR Number 1156.12; OMB...

  16. A Twenty-Four-Year-Old Woman with Left Flank Lipoma-Like Hibernoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R.E. Shackelford

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available A 24-year-old woman presented with a 5-month history of a left flank mass that was painful on palpation. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a 10.0 × 6.0 × 2.5 cm mass consistent with lipoma. A fatty lobulated mass was excised and subjected to H&E staining and immunohistochemical analyses. The specimen consisted of mature univacuolated adipocytic cells, with intermixed multivacuolated eosinophilic granular cells. No atypia or hyperchromasia was identified. Most of the cells were S100 positive and Ki-67 immunonegative. A diagnosis of a lipoma-like hibernoma was rendered. Hibernomas are rare benign lipomatous tumors that show differentiation toward brown fat. The lipoma-like hibernoma subtype is rare and can be misdiagnosed as atypical lipoma or well-differentiated liposarcoma. Here we describe an example of this rare tumor.

  17. Twenty-four years of follow-up for a Hanford plutonium wound case.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carbaugh, Eugene H; Lynch, Timothy P; Antonio, Cheryl L; Medina-Del Valle, Fernando

    2010-10-01

    A 1985 plutonium puncture wound resulted in the initial deposition of 48 kBq of transuranic alpha activity, primarily 239+240Pu and 241Am, in a worker's right index finger. Surgical excisions in the week following reduced the long-term residual wound activity to 5.4 kBq, and 164 DTPA chelation therapy administrations over 17 mo resulted in urinary excretion of about 7 kBq. The case was published in 1988, but now 24 y of follow-up data are available. Annual bioassays have included in-vivo measurements of 241Am in the wound, skeleton, liver, lung, and axillary lymph nodes, and urinalyses for plutonium and 241Am. These measurements have shown relatively stable levels of 241Am at the wound site, with gradually increasing amounts of 241Am detected in the skeleton. Liver measurements have shown erratic detection of 241Am, and the lung measurements indicate Am but as interference from activity in the axillary lymph nodes and skeleton rather than activity in the lung. Urine excretion of Pu since termination of chelation therapy has typically ranged from 10 to 20 mBq d, with Am excretion about 10% of that for 239+240Pu. Annual routine medical exams have not identified any adverse health effects associated with the intake.

  18. 基于ArcGIS与SketchUp的景观规划快速表现技术%Fast expression techniques of landscape planning based on ArcGIS and SketchUp

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙伟韬

    2011-01-01

    运用传统技术手段对大中尺度景观规划表现,存在着效率低、成本高、精度差的缺陷.随着技术发展,在景观规划中运利用ArcGIS与SketchUp技术,进行三维全景表现开始受到广泛运用,有效提高规划成果表现效率和效果.

  19. Sketch-Based Anomalies Detection with IP Address Traceability%基于概要数据结构可溯源的异常检测方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗娜; 李爱平; 吴泉源; 陆华彪

    2009-01-01

    提出一种基于sketch概要数据结构的异常检测方法.该方法实时记录网络数据流信息到sketch数据结构,然后每隔一定周期进行异常检测.采用EWMA(exponentially weighted moving average)预测模型预测每一周期的预测值,计算观测值与预测值之间的差异sketch,然后基于差异sketch采用均值均方差模型建立网络流量变化参考.该方法能够检测DDoS、扫描等攻击行为,并能追溯异常的IP地址.通过模拟实验验证,该方法占用很少的计算和存储资源,能够检测骨干网络流量中的异常IP地址.%In this paper, an anomaly detection method is proposed based on the summary data structure-sketch. It records the network traffic information in sketch online and detects anomalies at every circle. After using EWMA forecasting model to get each circle's forecast sketch, this paper computes the errors between the recoded sketch and forecast sketch. Then, the network traffic change reference is constructed by establishing the Mean-Standard deviation model on the error sketch. The method is effective in detecting DDOS attack, scan attack and so on. Particularly, it can track the IP address of anomaly. Evaluated by the experiment, this method can detect anomaly in the backbone network with small computing and memory resource.

  20. [Aleksandr Lwowicz Blok (1852 - 1909)--character-sketch of the man and scientist].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schiller, Joanna

    2009-01-01

    The article is an attempt of a new outlook first of all upon scientific output of many years' (the years 1878 - 1909) lecturer on Russian State Law in the Imperial University of Warsaw--Aleksandr Lwowicz Błok. Historians of literature, researchers of life and output of the scientist's son, an eminent poet-symbolist Aleksandr A. Błok, to a high degree were able to reconstruct lot of life and vicissitudes of the Warsaw professor. Thanks to the preserved university archival materials it was possible to add many details to Błok's biography, especially concerning his professional problems. They were connected with dramatic events in personal life of the professor. According to relations of the part of his university co-workers and students, the circumstances even brought about the symptoms of the mental illness. Prematurely elderly he was a man deeply miserable, lonely and deprived of understanding by associates. Up till now his scientific output has not been described precisely enough. Not numerous memories of his contemporaries (Szymon Askenazy, Nikołaj Dubrowskij) and even inconspicuous modern researches of the Polish (Janusz Woliński) brought about, in the author's opinion, too simplified and schematic character-sketch of Błok as a Russificator and nationalist, mediocre scholar and much worse lecturer. A scientific output of Błok is, indeed, inostensible--he published 2 books only--Master's thesis entitled: Władza państwowa w społeczeństwie europejskim. Poglad na polityczna teorie Lorenza Steina i na francuska rzeczywistość polityczna (1880) [State Authority in European Society. Outlook upon Political Theory of Lorenz Stein and French Political Facts (1880)] and Literatura polityczna w Rosj i o Rosji (1884) [Political Literature in Russia and on Russia (1884)] as an introduction to his course in State Law. Two thirds, so over 20 years of work, he gave to the not accomplished conception of creating a new classification of sciences that together with its

  1. Sunspots sketches during the solar eclipses of 9th January and 29th December of 1777 in Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Domínguez-Castro, Fernando; Gallego, María Cruz; Vaquero, José Manuel

    2017-06-01

    Two sunspot observations recorded by the Mexican Felipe de Zúñiga y Ontiveros have been revealed from a manuscript. One sunspot group was recorded on 9th January 1777 and four sunspot groups on 29th December 1777. Both records were taken during the observation of solar eclipses from Mexico City and their description also included sketches of the solar disk with sunspots. The sunspot group corresponding to 9th January was also observed by Erasmus Lievog. The observation on 29th December 1777 is the only record corresponding to this date.

  2. Os novos perfis da política: um esboço New political profiles: an sketch

    OpenAIRE

    Norbert Lechner

    2004-01-01

    Constatando em toda parte um mal-estar latente com a política, este esboço delineia um marco para dar conta do fenômeno e explorar possíveis respostas. Desse modo, propõe-se a abrir um debate sobre as atuais transformações dos modos de fazer e conceber a política.Discerning everywhere a latent uneasiness with politics, this sketch traces a mark to give an account of that fact and explores possible answers to it. In so doing, the article proposes a debate about the present transformations of t...

  3. The Method of Drawing 3D Models of Campus Based on SketchUp%基于SketchUp的三维校园模型绘制方法探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵哲; 王晓轩

    2014-01-01

    The premise of building construction is drawing thinking. By the method of drawing elevation drawing simple modeling, accurate modeling, drawing geometry facade component modeling and layered modeling, the SketchUp platform provides the drawing commands. Based on the process of 3D campus model, application of the mapping method in the actual operation of the model, show the effect drawing thinking and different methods of examples.%绘制建筑物模型的前提是构建绘图思维,利用立面绘图简约建模、立面绘图精确建模、几何组件建模和分层叠置建模的绘图方法,可将SketchUp平台提供的绘图命令较好的融合。本文结合三维校园模型的建立过程,探讨这几种绘图方法在实际操作中的应用,通过实例展现不同的绘图思维和方法所制作的模型效果。

  4. Construction of basin 3D model base on ArcScene and SketchUp%基于ArcScene和SketchUp的流域三维模型建立

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆赛; 黄信望

    2013-01-01

    Basin three-dimensional model is an important part of the visualization, watershed intuitive three-dimensional model of the real show basin watershed digitized scene. In this paper, in order to build three-dimensional model of the Lijiang River watershed, for example, to explore on ArcScene and Google SketchUp software to build three-dimensional model of the basin.%流域三维可视化是“数字流域”中的一个重要组成部分,流域三维可视化作为一种新的管理方法和技术手段在流域管理中越来越体现其重要性。本文以构建漓江流域三维可视化场景为例,提出了一种采用ArcScene和Google SketchUp软件,快速有效地构建三维流域的方法。

  5. Enhancement of the Adaptive Shape Variants Average Values by Using Eight Movement Directions for Multi-Features Detection of Facial Sketch

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arif Muntasa

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to detect multi features of a facial sketch by using a novel approach. The detection of multi features of facial sketch has been conducted by several researchers, but they mainly considered frontal face sketches as object samples. In fact, the detection of multi features of facial sketch with certain angle is very important to assist police for describing the criminal’s face, when criminal’s face only appears on certain angle. Integration of the maximum line gradient value enhancement and the level set methods was implemented to detect facial features sketches with tilt angle to 15 degrees. However, these methods tend to move towards non features when there are a lot of graffiti around the shape. To overcome this weakness, the author proposes a novel approach to move the shape by adding a parameter to control the movement based on enhancement of the adaptive shape variants average values with 8 movement directions. The experimental results show that the proposed method can improve the detection accuracy up to 92.74%.

  6. Enhancement of the Adaptive Shape Variants Average Values by Using Eight Movement Directions for Multi-Features Detection of Facial Sketch

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arif Muntasa

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to detect multi features of a facial sketch by using a novel approach. The detection of multi features of facial sketch has been conducted by several researchers, but they mainly considered frontal face sketches as object samples. In fact, the detection of multi features of facial sketch with certain angle is very important to assist police for describing the criminal’s face, when criminal’s face only appears on certain angle. Integration of the maximum line gradient value enhancement and the level set methods was implemented to detect facial features sketches with tilt angle to 15 degrees. However, these methods tend to move towards non features when there are a lot of graffiti around the shape. To overcome this weakness, the author proposes a novel approach to move the shape by adding a parameter to control the movement based on enhancement of the adaptive shape variants average values with 8 movement directions. The experimental results show that the proposed method can improve the detection accuracy up to 92.74%.

  7. Research on Buddhist Biographical Literature and Its Related Issues%佛教传记文学研究史及相关问题刍议

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王丽娜

    2015-01-01

    Buddhist biographical literature is one of the most important ways of Buddhist expansion and development, consisting of two major parts: Buddha’s biography, and biographies of Buddha's disciples, monks, and household Buddhists. Buddha’s biography can be interpreted in both broad and narrow senses. Buddhist biographical literature can be classified into four categories: Buddha’s biography, bi-ographies of Indian Buddhist saints, biographies of Chinese Buddhist monks and nuns, and biographies of other Buddhist related persons (such as household Buddhists). The author of this article maintains that further discussions are needed for the characteristics and research scope of Buddhist biographical litera-ture, and its relationship with Chinese classical Literature.%佛教传记文学是佛教在汉地阐扬、发展的重要形式,主要包括佛陀传和佛弟子传、僧传、居士护法传两大组成部分,其中佛传有广、狭两种涵义。佛教传记文学具体可分为佛陀传记、印土圣贤传记(佛弟子传)、中国僧尼传记及其他类型传记(如居士传)四种类型。笔者提出,对佛教传记文学的属性、佛教传记文学的研究范畴和佛教传记文学与中国古典文学的关系仍需要进一步深入探讨。

  8. 论人物传记与“传记体小说”的区别%On the Distinctions between Biographies and Biographical Novels

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟晖; 贺桂花

    2015-01-01

    Since the beginning of the new era , biography writing is flourishing in China and the life stories of some celebrities are spreading .At the same time , some problems emerge in biography writing and some biographical novels are regarded as biographies .Though being similar in form , they are essentially different in that biographies must be authentic while biographical novels can be imaginative or imaginary .We should avoid deconstructing the biographical writings from the postmodernism point of view and keep its unique stylistic characteristics and position .%进入新时期,我国文坛传记创作呈现持续升温的现象。在一定程度上,一些文化名人的生平事迹得以传播。但传记创作也出现一些误区。一些以传记形式出现的小说,也被看成是人物传记。两者虽然形式上相似,其实有着本质的不同,传记讲究真实性,而传记体小说可大量采用想象、虚构等文学手法,混淆两者容易以讹传讹,使得一些史料真假莫辨。同时还要警惕后现代主义对传记写作的解构,使传记保有其独特的文体特征和地位。

  9. 《中国现代水利人物志》补遗%Addendum to “Biographical Dictionary of Water Conservancy in Contemproary China”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王红星; 张松波; 季山; 李向东

    2015-01-01

    严格按照《中国现代水利人物志》入志条件,补充14位对中国现代水利建设事业有突出贡献的人物的经历和成就。%Entering condition of “Biographical Dictionary of Water Conservancy in Contemproary China” is strictly enforced . Experiences and achievements of 14 people who have given great contributions to the water conservancy construction career in contemporary China are added .

  10. A Contrastive Appraisal Study on Modern Evolution of Female’s Non-prototype Characteristics—A Case Study of Different Wu Zetian’s Biographical Versions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    俞琳; 杨建梅

    2012-01-01

      Within the framework of Appraisal theory, this thesis attempts to do the discourse analysis of modern evolution of fe⁃males’non-prototype characteristics through six versions of biographies of Wu Zetian (included Lin Yutang’s Lady Wu, and Yuan Baidai’s Wu Zetian) in modern times, which aims to uncover the implicit relationship of language and ideology of these different Wu Zetian’s biographical versions composed by different authors with different genders and nationalities, which can evoke the readers resonance and affection towards them and reflect the interpersonal function between them by means of excavat⁃ing the regularity of Attitude, Engagement and Graduation resources distribution.

  11. Garment design based on 3D sketches%基于三维手绘线的服装设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟跃崎

    2009-01-01

    提出一种直接在三维人体模型表面绘制三维版型的方法.所绘制的服装版型通过一个基于该版型轮廓的碰撞表面形成三维服装表面,再由FFD(自由变形)方式对其形状进行调节,并通过基于Loop表面细分的全局曲率约束方法光滑形成服装曲面.通过该方法最终所得的服装曲面可用于紧身及舍身型服装原型设计.%A 3D sketching method to draw the silhouette of the 3D garment directly on the manikin has bean proposed. The following 3D surface is generated from a bumped collision patch in terms of the boundary of the 3D sketches. The shape adjustment is performed through a traditional FFD (Free Form Deformation) followed by a global curvature suppressing based on Loop's surface subdivision. The resuiting surface can be employed as the prototype in designing tight-fit and fit shape of 3D garment reconstruction.

  12. Realizing the Dream of Flight: Biographical Essays in Honor of the Centennial of Flight, 1903-2003

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dawson, Virginia P. (Editor); Bowles, Mark D. (Editor)

    2005-01-01

    While growing up in Cedar Rapids, Iowa, Milton Wright, The Wright Brothers Father, liked to purchase toys for his sons that he hoped would stimulate their imagination. One of the most memorable gifts was a toy helicopter that was designed by the French aeronautical experimenter Alphonse P naud. Milton gave his sons this gift in 1878, and, though it was a simple device with a stick bound to a four-blade rotor set in a spindle, it had the intended effect it caused them to dream. Twenty-five years separated the gift of this toy and their invention of the airplane, yet the Wright brothers were convinced it had exerted an important influence. Tom Crouch argued in The Bishop's Boys that toys like these perfectly illustrated the significance of play for technological innovation. He wrote, rotary-wing toys were to intrigue and inspire generations of children, a few of whom would, as adults, attempt to realize the dream of flight for themselves. If the first powered flight on 17 December 1903 represented a childhood dream realized, it was only the first step in the rapid evolution of the airplane from their flimsy kite-like contraption of wood and cloth to jet airliners and rockets in space. And, as extraordinary as the achievement of powered flight seemed in 1903, before the end of the century, space travel also would become a dream realized. Soviet astronaut Yuri Gagarin first circumnavigated Earth in April 1961, and, eight years later, American astronauts took the first steps for humankind on the Moon. It is with great pleasure that we introduce Realizing the Dream: Biographical Essays in Honor of the Centennial of Flight. These essays in celebration of the Wright brothers first flight 100 years ago grew out of presentations by a group of prominent scholars in 2003 at a conference sponsored by the NASA History Division and held at the Great Lakes Science Center in Cleveland, Ohio. The volume focuses on the careers of some of the many men and women who helped to realize

  13. 草图大师SketchUp三维软件在景观设计中的优缺点初探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴德; 吴碧珊

    2016-01-01

    SketchUp的出现是一次重要的科技突破,为设计师们带来了福音.本文结合SketchUp在景观设计方面的应用,作出了客观的评价:SketchUp有其方便易用、实时效果、数据精准和通用性较强的优点,但在植物表现方面较弱,渲染照片的真实度不足.针对这些问题,本文提出了一些实用的解决办法.

  14. The Application of Sketchup Design Software in Schematic Design%SketchUp草图设计软件在方案设计中的运用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘志宏

    2010-01-01

    @@ SketchUp"草图设计表现大师"软件在市场问世的短短数年之间,就迅速地被应用到设计行业的每一个角落.对于房地产经营、城市规划、建筑设计、环境艺术和园林景观设计等专业的设计师来说,sketchUp已经成为设计师进行方案设计必须掌握的工具之一.sketchUp在建筑设计领域的优势主要表现在"所见即所得"的创作全过程,改变了以往CAD和影视影像分流技术的传统做法.

  15. Sketch Annotation Based Video Browsing%一种基于草图注释的视频浏览技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    詹启; 马翠霞; 倪美娟; 张艳秋; 王宏安; 戴国忠

    2013-01-01

    To browse and locate video efficiently,a sketch-based video annotation and browsing technique is proposed in this paper.First,key frames are extracted according to the features in the video,and static and dynamic sketch annotations are interactively specified for the video.Then a personalized sketch-library is created based on the key frames and interactive sketch annotations.Finally,a sketch based interface via gesture commands is proposed to perform interactive video operations.Experimental results show that the proposed sketch annotation and interaction can improve the efficiency of video browsing,understanding and interaction,and brings better user experiences.%针对视频的高效浏览和定位问题,提出一种基于草图注释的视频浏览技术.首先根据视频流中各帧的特征点提取关键帧;然后利用草图为视频的主要内容添加静态和动态注释,并结合提取的关键帧生成表征视频内容的个性化视频信息库;最后定义草图手势库来进行相关的视频交互操作.实验结果表明,该技术可有效地组织视频语义信息,提高视频的浏览、理解与交互的效率,并具有较高的用户满意度.

  16. Obituaries and biographical notes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    NN,

    1980-01-01

    Arckenhausen, J.C.P. (1784-1855) The draftsman from Goslar, Germany, who was in the service of C.L. Blume, from 1829 till 1832 or probably later. He worked up many of the drawings Blume had brought from Bogor, for the Flora Javae, mostly vol. 1 and 2, fewer vol. 3 and 4. In a book by H.G. Griep e.a.

  17. Obituaries and biographical notes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    NN,

    1967-01-01

    Baehni, Ch. (1906-1964) R. Weibel, l’Oeuvre scientifique de Charles Baehni. Trav. Soc. Bot. Genève 8 (1966) 18-21. — Obituary and concise bibliography. Banks & Solander E.W. Groves, Notes on the botanical specimens collected by Banks and Solander on Cook’s first voyage, together with an itinerary of

  18. Obituaries and biographical notes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    NN,

    1982-01-01

    Beccari, Odoardo (1843-1920) H.E. Moore Jr, Odoardo Beccari (1843-1920). Principes 25 (1981) 29-35, portr. His trips and bibliography on palms. Everist, S.L. (1913-1981) On 21 October, 1981, Dr. Selwyn L. Everist, past director of the Queensland Herbarium, died in hospital in Brisbane, after a perio

  19. Obituaries and biographical notes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jacobs, M.

    1976-01-01

    Allen, Caroline K. (1904-1975) Student of Lauraceae, mainly American but also of SE. Asia and New Guinea, on the Arnold Arboretum staff from 1933 to 1948, later in New York Botanical Garden, where, when the Flora Malesiana in 1968 suddenly was in difficulties, she made considerable efforts to save t

  20. Obituaries and biographical notes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    NN,

    1981-01-01

    Ames, Oakes (1874-1950) Plimpton, Pauline Ames (ed.), Oakes Ames, Jottings of a Harvard botanist. 1874-1950. Bot. Mus. Harv. Univ. Cambr. Mass. x + 403 p., frontisp. + 41 illus. (1980?). Brink, R. (1902-1980) Agriculturist; see Fl. Males, i 1: 80. Before the war he was attached to the Sugarcane Indu

  1. Obituaries and biographical notes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    NN,

    1980-01-01

    Arckenhausen, J.C.P. (1784-1855) The draftsman from Goslar, Germany, who was in the service of C.L. Blume, from 1829 till 1832 or probably later. He worked up many of the drawings Blume had brought from Bogor, for the Flora Javae, mostly vol. 1 and 2, fewer vol. 3 and 4. In a book by H.G. Griep

  2. Edward Teller Biographical Memoir

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Libby, S B; Sessler, A M

    2009-07-27

    Edward Teller died on September 9, 2003 in Stanford, California at the age of 95. He was both one of the great theoretical physicists of the twentieth century and a leading figure in the development of nuclear weapons and broader defense advocacy. Teller's work in physics, spanning many decades of the twentieth century, includes some of the most fundamental insights in the quantum behaviors of molecules and their spectra, nuclei, surfaces, solid state and spin systems, and plasmas. In the defense arena, Teller is best known for his key insight that made thermonuclear weapons possible. Teller was both a great scientific collaborator and physics teacher at all levels, known for his openness, generosity, personal warmth, and powerful physical intuition. Many of his graduate students went on to illustrious careers.

  3. Obituaries and biographical notes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    NN,

    1969-01-01

    Bailey, Irving Widmer (1884-1967) R.H. Wetmore, Phytomorphology 18 (1968) 294-298, phot. Dennstedt, A.W. H. Manitz, August Wilhelm Dennstedt’s Schlüssel zum Hortus Indicus Malabaricus. Taxon 17 (1968) 496-501, 2 tab.). — Rather extensive survey; validly published names are listed, as well as the nom

  4. Obituaries and biographical notes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    NN,

    1986-01-01

    AIRY SHAW, see H.K.A. SHAW. ALLEN, Betty Eleanor Gosset Molesworth (1913, Opotiki, New Zealand — x) Fl. Mal. I, 5 (1958) cclii, portr.; Fl. Mai. I, 8 (1974) ix; E. FERNANDEZ GALIANO, Acta Bot. Malacitana 8 (1983) 5—10. (Spanish) Bibliogr.

  5. Obituaries and biographical notes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    NN,

    1984-01-01

    Aubréville, Andre (30.xi.1897—11.viii.1982) G. Aymonin, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 130 (1983) 257-261; J.F. Leroy, Adansonia II, 5 (1983) 123-140. Obituaries of the former director of the Paris Herbarium.

  6. Impact of Biographical Characters of the Old Testament on the New Testament%论《旧约》传记性特征对《新约》的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马宏伟

    2011-01-01

    The Old Testament (OT) is a text with clear biographical characters. The New Testament (NT) not only inherits the monotheism faith systems from the OT, but also the biographical characters in many ways, such as narratives, Characterization and Sense of history. In short, the NT is a text with biographical characteristics.%是一部具有鲜明传记特征的文化文本,在继承中耶和华一神教信仰的同时,也继承了的传记性特征,在以人系事、人物塑造和历史感等方面表现出相应的传记性.因此,也是一部具有鲜明传记特征的文化文本.

  7. 论当代英美传记小说的兴起%The Rise of Contemporary Anglo-American Biographical Novel

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡志全

    2016-01-01

    The biographical novel which tells real life stories of real people with the crafts of ifction has risen and become a new literary trend in English. Deconstructionism and postmodernism challenge and blur the demarcation between fact and ifction and the nature of biography is rethought and literariness is put under the spotlight. Meanwhile, non-ifctional writing becomes popular. All the above mentioned factors contribute to the rise of contemporary Anglo-American biographical novel.%在英美文坛,运用小说技巧讲述真人真事的传记小说已悄然兴起,成了一种新创作潮流。解构主义、后现代主义理论模糊了真实与虚构的界线,人们再次审视传记本质,对其文学性及表现力提出了更高的要求,非虚构小说拓展了小说的表现空间,这些都是当代传记小说兴起的重要背景与因素。

  8. 大众文化语境下的新时期传记文学%Biographical Literature from the Perspective of Modern Popular Culture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐琼

    2014-01-01

    新时期以来,在大众文化崛起并兴盛的语境下,传记文学出现了一些新的变化,主要表现在:“传主形象平民化”“传记内容世俗化”“传记形式多样化”和“传记载体现代化”等。虽然大众文化有商业化、快餐化的特点,但新时期传记文学出现的这些趋势或倾向对传记文学作品的质量本身不具有负面影响力,反之,只要因势利导,还能产生巨大的正面效应。%The rise and booming of popular culture gives rise to the changes of biographical literature which are featured by plebification of the hero of the biography, secularization of the content, variation in biographical forms and the modernization of the carriers. Although the popular culture is featured by commercialization and fast-food-like, the new trend of biography will not degrade the quality of biography. Instead, huge positive effect can be ignited as long as the new trend could be well guided.

  9. Additive and subtractive resilience strategies as enablers of biographical reinvention: a qualitative study of ex-smokers and never-smokers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ward, Paul Russell; Muller, Robert; Tsourtos, George; Hersh, Deborah; Lawn, Sharon; Winefield, Anthony H; Coveney, John

    2011-04-01

    The notion of developing resilience is becoming increasingly important as a way of responding to the social determinants of poor health, particularly in disadvantaged groups. It is hypothesized that resilient individuals and communities are able to 'bounce back' from the adversities they face. This paper explores the processes involved in building resilience as an outcome in relation to both quitting smoking and never smoking. The study involved 93 qualitative, oral-history interviews with participants from population groups with high and enduring smoking rates in Adelaide, Australia, and was essentially interested in how some people in these groups managed to quit or never start smoking in the face of adversities, in comparison to a group of smokers. Our key findings relate to what we call additive and subtractive resilience strategies, which focus on the practices, roles and activities that individuals either 'took on' or 'left behind' in order to quit smoking or remain abstinent. The theoretical lenses we use to understand these resilience strategies relate to biographical reinforcement and biographical reinvention, which situate the resilience strategies in a broader 'project of the self', often in relation to attempting to develop 'healthy bodies' and 'healthy biographies'.

  10. [The advantage of a modern operational approach to the diagnosis of mental disorders. The case of the Bavarian King Ludwig II--an example from biographical research].

    Science.gov (United States)

    von Zerssen, D

    2013-05-01

    Worldwide discrepancies in the classification, terminology and diagnosis of mental disorders have induced efforts for unification after World War II. This led to the introduction of an operational diagnostic approach according to strict criteria, at the same time taking into account the comorbidity of disorders. However, this approach is still not routinely used. The consequences of this deficiency are demonstrated here by an example from biographical research referring to the Bavarian King Ludwig II. The study is based on an extensive search of the relevant literature. Although the pathography of this Bavarian king is well documented, the diagnoses published between 1910 and 2010 by altogether 21 specialists, are distributed rather chaotically over 24 diagnostic categories of the ICD-10. Merely in the (probably wrong) diagnosis of a schizophrenic psychosis is there agreement among half of the authors. This is concordant with the expert diagnosis of paranoia by von Gudden and his colleagues (1886) when considering the then contemporary concept of the disorder. According to modern diagnostic principles almost half of the 24 diagnoses can be confirmed. The others have to be regarded as false diagnoses. The conclusion is that modern principles of the diagnosis of mental disorders should be applied according to internationally accepted diagnostic manuals. This approach should be used in, but is not exclusive to, biographical research. Precondition is, of course, the exact knowledge and careful application of these principles.

  11. Free Telling in the Total Space?—On the Procedures of Power in the Asylum Procedure and Their Relevance for Biographical Interviews of Refugees

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marc Thielen

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Based on a research project with migrants from Iran this paper focuses on the influence of a strictly regulated German asylum life situation on autobiographical telling in research contexts. Regardless of the specific research topic the interview situation and the relationship between interviewer and interviewee always influence shape, form and fashion of the biographical narration. As a result of the strict regimentation of the asylum procedures and their far-reaching impact on biographies in the "total refugee space," an intensification of the hierarchical structure in the interview situation can be observed. Considering the empirical results this paper calls for a reflexive biographical research. This approach has to analyze the power relations in the transnational space and their consequences on the research process. It also has to recognize that researchers and interviewees are not only confined to their culture differences, but that the setting comprises all intersectional localizations, which are defined by social and economic status, nationality, gender, sexuality etc. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0901393

  12. 基于Sketch Engine的专门用途英语(ESP)词汇数据驱动教学模式探索%A Study of the ESP Vocabulary Data-driven Teaching Mode Based on Sketch Engine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢华国; 张雅

    2015-01-01

    依托语料库的数据驱动教学模式在为传统ESP词汇教学中存在的问题提供了解决思路的同时,也带来了新的困难,使教师对该模式实践热情不高,教学效果受到影响.基于Sketch Engine的语料库建设和词汇素描这两项功能设计课堂教学活动,既能解决教师在ESP词汇数据驱动教学实践中所面临的一些困境,也能够提高学生学习ESP词汇的兴趣和效率.

  13. SketchUp软件在任务驱动型园林制图教学中的运用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    华云飞

    2013-01-01

      在任务驱动型园林制图教学中,尤其强调在任务分析和任务实施过程中培养学生自主学习和空间想象的能力,而利用SketchUp软件简便易学的三维特性,可以轻松完成二维和三维之间的双向切换,帮助学生更好地理解画法几何原理,完成方案设计的构思、剖断立面的分析和手绘效果图的绘制。

  14. Improvements of hybrid PV-T solar energy systems using Amlouk-Boubaker optothermal expansivity optimizing abacus sketch

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boubaker, K.; Amlouk, M. [Unite de Physique de Dispositifs a Semiconducteurs-UPDS-Faculte des Sciences de Tunis, Campus Universitaire, 2092 Tunis (Tunisia)

    2010-10-15

    This study is a prelude to the definition of a new synthetic parameter inserted in a 2D abacus. This parameter: the Amlouk-Boubaker optothermal expansivity <{psi}{sub AB}>, is defined, for a given PV-T material, as a thermal diffusivity-to-optical effective absorptivity ratio. This parameter's unit evokes a heat flow velocity inside the material. Consequently, the parameter {psi}{sub AB} could be combined with the already known bandgap energy E{sub g}, in order to establish a 2D abacus. A sketched scheme of the 2D abacus is proposed as a guide for investigation and evaluation of PV-T candidate materials like metal oxides, amorphous silicon, zinc-doped binary compounds, and hydrogenated amorphous carbon. Using this abacus, designers will be able to compare solar energy-related materials on the basis of conjoint optical and thermal efficiency. (author)

  15. Two Bears Walk Into a Bar…. A Quest to Communicate Climate Change Ends in Puppets and Sketches and Songs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Willis, J. K.; O'Brien, R.

    2015-12-01

    Like most colleagues, I struggle to connect with a broad audience about my research. And after years of falling short, I decided to do something about it. So I took a comedy class. And then another. And another. Pretty soon I met a talented director, writer and actor named Rani O'Brien and together we created the Lollygaggers—a sketch comedy musical about climate change for kids of all ages. For 16 weeks in 2014, The Lollygaggers ran in the Second City Studio Theater on Hollywood Blvd, brining laughs and lessons on climate change to a wide audience using puppets, characters and songs. This presentation will focus on how climate change and comedy can unite, how the Lollygaggers came to be, and will include a song from the show.

  16. Os novos perfis da política: um esboço New political profiles: an sketch

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Norbert Lechner

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Constatando em toda parte um mal-estar latente com a política, este esboço delineia um marco para dar conta do fenômeno e explorar possíveis respostas. Desse modo, propõe-se a abrir um debate sobre as atuais transformações dos modos de fazer e conceber a política.Discerning everywhere a latent uneasiness with politics, this sketch traces a mark to give an account of that fact and explores possible answers to it. In so doing, the article proposes a debate about the present transformations of the ways to make and conceive politics.

  17. PERSONAL CROSS-CULTURAL COMMUNICATIVE COMPETENCE IN BIOGRAPHICAL AND HAGIOGRAPHICAL LIFE AND ACTIVITIES OF SAINT ANTHIM THE IBERIAN (GEORGIAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adam VAKHTANG AKHALADZE

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available In this study we analyze the biographical and hagiographical life and multifaceted activities of St. Anthim the Iberian in cross-cultural communicative dimension. Modern Post-Global world and its Weltanschauung need not onlytrans(cross-cultural, but also trans-historical contexts. We have designated the existence of trans-cultural polylogue (dialogue of many between all historical eras and ethnicities with their cultural codes and symbols. Our research enabled us to identify the following parameters of trans-cultural communicative competence: (i adequately assess the communicative situation; (ii possession of a certain body of knowledge about the native and other cultures; (iii to put into practice intercultural communicative intentions; (iv presence of not only the ability to understand other cultures, as well as members of their own culture, but also the ability to build new patterns of behavior, based on the values and norms of different cultures; (v strive to mix our own and others' cultural identity and as a result of the exchange of positive examples of actions and patterns of decision-making to go to a qualitatively new synthesis of action; (vi check the communication results with the help of feedback. We also identified the following aspects and facts of life and activity of Anthim the Iberian in the context of cross-cultural communicative competence: (a getting a wonderful upbringing (social intercultural communicative abilities and skills, and education (the possession of a certain body of knowledge about both native and other cultures, understanding and respect for diverse cultural values; (b the forced emigration of the native culture medium (communicative and behavioral adaptation to the behavior of other cultures; (c the experience of cruelty trafficking – the kidnapping and slavery sale (the religious-spiritual, social and cross-cultural communicative negative experience and its interpretation in a truly constructive manner that

  18. Study on the art of language of Feng Gong's sketch%冯巩小品语言艺术的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李馥君

    2013-01-01

    Feng Gong's sketch was a public concern, the main reason were the characteristics of the language approach, humorous joke, vivid interpretation. So his sketch loved by all of us. In this article, the language of Feng Gong's sketch in recent years are analyzed and explored by the voice pronunciation, vocabulary and sentence structure .And summarizes the expression features of the characteristics of the language of the Feng Gong's sketch.%冯巩的小品被大众所关注,主要是因为特色化的语言方式,诙谐幽默的笑料,生动形象的演绎,使得他的小品深受大家的喜爱。本文主要通过语音、词汇、句式方面将冯巩近几年小品的语言进行分析和探究,概括出冯巩小品特色化语言的表达特点。

  19. Statistical Safety Evaluation of BWR Turbine Trip Scenario Using Coupled Neutron Kinetics and Thermal Hydraulics Analysis Code SKETCH-INS/TRACE5.0

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ichikawa, Ryoko; Masuhara, Yasuhiro; Kasahara, Fumio

    The Best Estimate Plus Uncertainty (BEPU) method has been prepared for the regulatory cross-check analysis at Japan Nuclear Energy Safety Organization (JNES) on base of the three-dimensional neutron-kinetics/thermal- hydraulics coupled code SKETCH-INS/TRACE5.0. In the preparation, TRACE5.0 is verified against the large-scale thermal-hydraulic tests carried out with NUPEC facility. These tests were focused on the pressure drop of steam-liquid two phase flow and void fraction distribution. From the comparison of the experimental data with other codes (RELAP5/MOD3.3 and TRAC-BF1), TRACE5.0 was judged better than other codes. It was confirmed that TRACE5.0 has high reliability for thermal hydraulics behavior and are used as a best-estimate code for the statistical safety evaluation. Next, the coupled code SKETCH-INS/TRACE5.0 was applied to turbine trip tests performed at the Peach Bottom-2 BWR4 Plant. The turbine trip event shows the rapid power peak due to the voids collapse with the pressure increase. The analyzed peak value of core power is better simulated than the previous version SKETCH-INS/TRAC-BF1. And the statistical safety evaluation using SKETCH-INS/TRACE5.0 was applied to the loss of load transient for examining the influence of the choice of sampling method.

  20. 基于SketchUp与ArcEngine的小区三维信息系统的设计与实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周银朋

    2011-01-01

    本文以MAPGIS数据为基础数据,通过ARCGIS软件和SketchUp软件的结合,建立小区三维场景模型,用C#语言和ArcEngine开发小区三维信息系统,探讨三维可视化信息系统的应用。

  1. 基于SketchUp与ArcEngine的小区三维信息系统的设计与实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周银朋

    2011-01-01

    本文以MAPGIS数据为基础数据,通过ARCGIS软件和SketchUp软件的结合,建立小区三维场景模型,用C#语言和ArcEngine开发小区三维信息系统,探讨三维可视化信息系统的应用.

  2. The Importance of Sketch Course in Art Teaching%论速写课程在美术专业教学中的重要性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马鑫

    2011-01-01

    Sketch is the basis of plastic art,and it's the premise of art creation.The purpose of sketch is not only training modeling capabilities,but providing the necessary conditions for the creative arts subtle in the process.Meanwhile,the sketch exercises our hands,eyes,brain,many aspects of the coordination,learn to observe the world with artistic vision,thereby enabling more complete expression of art.Thus,it's very necessary and critical to set the sketch course for the training objectives and teaching purpose of art teaching.%速写是造型艺术的基础,是美术创作的前提。速写的目的绝不是仅仅训练造型能力,而是在整个过程中潜移默化地对美术创作提供必要条件。同时,速写锻炼我们的手、眼、脑等多方面的协调能力,学会用艺术的眼光观察世界,进而使艺术的表现更趋完整。由此可见,速写课程的设置对我们美术专业教学的培养目标和教学目的来说是十分必要而且关键的。

  3. 按照NEMA NU2-2007标准测试Biograph mCT-S64 PET性能

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚之丰; 章英剑; 王新村; 毛文杰; 张建平

    2014-01-01

    目的:利用美国电器制造商协会(NEMA)NU2-2007标准对西门子Biograph mCT-S64 PET进行性能测试。方法参照NEMA NU2-2007标准和厂家测试手册,对设备的空间分辨率、散射分数、计数丢失、随机符合、灵敏度、精确度、能量和时间分辨率,以及图像质量、衰减和散射校正精度进行测试。结果设备在视野偏中心1 cm处横向和轴向空间分辨率分别为4.3 mm和4.6 mm,10 cm处横向、轴向和横断切向空间分辨率分别为4.9 mm、5.9 mm和4.7 mm;散射分数为37%;噪声等效计数率在28 kBq/mL时达峰值,为191 kcps;中心和偏中心10 cm处灵敏度分别为10.0 cps/kBq和10.4 cps/kBq;精确性偏差为2.3%;仪器能量分辨率为11.5%,时间分辨率为542.5 ps;图像质量模型中最小直径为10 mm的热球清晰可辨;衰减和散射校正的精确性相对误差为14%。与39环的Biograph 16HR相比,空间分辨率相近,散射分数和图像对比度增高,峰值噪声等效计数率提高125%,灵敏度提高123%。结论Biograph mCT的各项指标均达到NEMA NU2-2007标准要求。灵敏度、噪声等效计数率和图像质量提高,可缩短采集时间和减少药物注射量。

  4. On Zhu Dongrun' s Theory of Biographical Literature and its Characteristic Complexity%论朱东润传记文学理论的独特性与复杂性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    辜也平

    2012-01-01

    Zhu Dongrun' s theory of biographical literature is constructed from the existent practices and theories of both ancient China and the West. The central concepts of Zhu' s theory include the renaming of the prevailing biographical literature into biographical narrative literature, the emphasis of the dual attributes of historical and literary of biographical literature while defining the connotation of biographical narrative. The claim of "the turn from events to people" has freed the biographical literature from its dependency on history, but the overemphasis of historical reliability may result in the negligence of literariness. The claim to characterize and reveal from life from the private sphere is subject to the influence from grand narrative. The paper thus demonstrates the characteristic complexity in Zhu' s theory of biographical literature.%朱东润的传记文学理论是建立在对中外传记理论的吸收、借鉴的基础上的。其相对完备的理论体系包括:把已经流行的传记文学改称传叙文学,体现了某种理论的自觉;强调传记文学的史学、文学双重属性,但对传记文学外延的界定比较严格;对“从事到人”的强调表明其将传记文学从历史的附庸地位中解放出来的努力,但对历史真实的过度关注导致了对艺术真实的忽视;强调从人格立论,强调私生活的描写,但又无法摆脱宏大叙事观念的影响。因此,朱东润的传记文学理论有其独特性,但也有其复杂性和矛盾性。

  5. Review: Ingrid Miethe, Claudia Kajatin & Jana Pohl (Eds. (2004. Geschlechterkonstruktionen in Ost und West. Biografische Perspektiven [Gender Constructions in East and West. Biographical Perspectives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicola Döring

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available This reader contains analyses of gender constructions in East and West Germany from biographical perspectives. It is based on narrative interviews with women and men living in the former East and West. By means of case reconstructions and case comparisons the authors reveal how individuals deal actively with specific societal gender roles. Historical differences between women's movement and feminism in East Germany versus West Germany are knowledgeably described. The book offers a very complex and multilayered theoretical and empirical construction of gender in its diverse dimensions, but men's biographies and men's studies remain marginalized. Men's movements as well as the gay rights movement are blind spots. The gendering of work and the context of European unification are emphasized. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0602353

  6. Personality, biographical characteristics, and job interview success: a longitudinal study of the mediating effects of interviewing self-efficacy and the moderating effects of internal locus of causality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tay, Cheryl; Ang, Soon; Van Dyne, Linn

    2006-03-01

    In this study, the authors developed and tested a model of performance in job interviews that examines the mediating role of interviewing self-efficacy (I-SE; job applicants' beliefs about their interviewing capabilities) in linking personality and biographical background with interview success and the moderating role of locus of causality attributions in influencing the relationship between interview success and subsequent I-SE. The authors tested their model (over 5 months' duration) with matched data from 229 graduating seniors, firms, and university records. Hierarchical regression analyses demonstrated I-SE mediated the effects of Extraversion, Conscientiousness, and leadership experience on interview success. Locus of causality attributions for interview outcomes moderated the relationship between interview success and subsequent I-SE. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed.

  7. Characterization of Siemens Bio graph 6 PET by Monte Carlo simulation; Caracterizacion del escaner PET Biograph 6 de Siemens mediante simulacion Monte Carlo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gallego Franco, P.; Garcia Marcos, R.

    2015-07-01

    GAMOS simulation code based on Geant4 is a very powerful tool for the design and modeling optimization on Positron Emission Tomography (PET) systems. In order to obtain a proper image quality, it results to be extremely important determine the optimal activity which is going to be delivered. For this reason a study about the internal system parameters that affects image quality, such as scatter fraction (SF) and the count rate equivalent noise (NEC), has been carried out. The study involves the comparison of experimental measures on both parameters, with those obtained by Monte Carlo simulation of Siemens Pet Biograph 6 True Point with True V option. Based on simulations results, a paralizable dead-time model that adjusts, depending on the activity provided, the proper dead-time for scanner detectors. Also a study about the variation of this proper dead-time with the activity has been carried out. (Author)

  8. Clarification of Some Facts in Biographic Works on Xu Zhimo%徐志摩传记作品若干事实辨正

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋成德

    2012-01-01

    有关徐志摩的传记作品,已有数十种之多。这些传记在描述徐志摩一生的浪漫经历与文学成就的同时.也存在着一些与事实不符或表述不当的问题。“志摩”一名用于何时?张君劢与张公权,到底是谁“发掘”了徐志摩?是否徐志摩送张幼仪去德国求学?徐志摩与张幼仪的离婚是否因为林徽因?是胡适主持了徐志摩与陆小曼的婚礼吗?文章就这些问题根据相关资料进行辨正,以期对徐志摩研究、对徐志摩传记的创作提供参考与确证。%Alongside with the profuse elaboration on the romances and literary achievements of Xu Zhimo, some contra-factual and misrepresented descriptions are also observed in dozens of biographic works on Xu Zhimo circulated nowadays. Some of the typical indistinct or confusable questions include: "When was the name Zhimo first used? Who discovered him, Zhang Junli or Zhang Gongquan? Did he send Zhang Youyi to German for study? Did he divorce just because of Lin Huiyin? Was his wedding with Lu Xiaoman presided over by Hushi?" These questions and more will be discussed in this paper on the basis of probing into relevant data available so as to provide better references and evidence to the study of Xu Zhimo and to the biographic works on him.

  9. 高等美术院校中素描教学的困境与突破%Dilemma and breakthrough of Sketch Teaching in art academies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刁秀航

    2015-01-01

    The current institutions of higher art, sketch teaching of art college entrance examination bound by drawing style. To get rid of the shackles of the fine arts college entrance examination drawing style, is a prerequisite for the healthy development of institutions of higher art sketch. To get rid of the shackles of art college entrance examination drawing style, many methods, first of all is to restore the sketch of the scientific spirit of "seeking truth", second is to restore nature life of the sketch, again is to restore the essence of Art. In the specific practice teaching of the sketch, the theory of repeated reminders, there is a clear understanding of the development and characteristics of the drawing to students. Strengthen drawings copying learning of Western classical and modern art master. Pay attention to painting sketches, to encourage students to respect their experience. With unremitting efforts, in order to enable students to slowly get rid of the influence of the college entrance examination drawing mode, embarked on a healthy development road.%当前高等美术院校中,素描教学深受美术高考素描样式的束缚。摆脱美术高考素描样式的束缚,是高等美术院校中素描健康发展的前提条件。想摆脱美术高考素描样式的束缚,方法很多,首先是还原素描的科学的“求真”精神,其次是还原素描的生命本质,再次是还原素描的艺术本质。在具体的素描实践教学课堂上,要反复进行理论提醒,让学生对素描的发展和特点,有较为清晰的认识。加强学生们对西方古典和现代艺术大师的素描作品的临摹学习。重视写生,鼓励学生尊重他们的亲身感受。要使学生慢慢地摆脱高考素描模式的影响,走上健康的发展道路。

  10. Design on a Chicken Coop for Urban Backyard through SketchUp Platform%基于SketchUp平台的城市庭院鸡舍设计研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨帆; 梁思成; 郭爱伟; 周杰珑; 陈粉粉

    2016-01-01

    研究以SketchUp为设计平台,综合考虑鸡舍的温度、湿度、采光、通风换气以及饲养密度等参数,设计了一款适于城市庭院与阳台的鸡舍.结果表明,设计的庭院鸡舍有效面积为1.05 m2,可以饲养成年蛋鸡3~8只,比传统的笼养蛋鸡饲养面积提高1.8~6.0倍,舍内总热量为8.44 W,理论上即使在冬季,城市庭院鸡舍内无需采取人工供暖,舍内温度、相对湿度依然能满足鸡对饲养环境条件的要求,加之合理的采光系数,完全可以保证舍内蛋鸡的正常生长和生产.该城市庭院鸡舍,主要适用于南方温和气候地区,也适合于新农村建设中规划统一、具有独立庭院的农村及城镇使用.

  11. SIEMENS Biograph 64 PET/CT Build in Peking Union Medical College Hospital%综合PET与CT各自优势,精确描述各种病变区域西门子最新一代Biograph 64型PET/CT落户北京协和医院

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ 西门子最新一代Biograph 64型PET/CT近日落户北京协和医院,该款Biograph 64型PET/CT综合了最新一代PET扫描仪的高灵敏度、高分辨率、高速度和大视野等优点与64层螺旋CT的所有功能,在肿瘤、复杂病变区域的精确定性及定位、心脑血管疾病、感染性病灶和动脉粥样硬化活动斑块的检测和评估方面显示出突出优势,代表了当今国际医学影像发展的最高水平.西门子的设备领先性能与协和医院的技术领先优势强强联合,为广大患者带来福音.

  12. Comparison of Biograph/Lenstar and IOL Master in the measurement of axial length, corneal curvature, and anterior chamber depth%Biograph/Lenstar与IOL Master测量眼轴、角膜曲率及前房深度的比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄锦海; 陈世豪; 温岱宗; 王勤美

    2011-01-01

    目的 比较两种光学相干生物测量仪Biograph/Lenstar和IOL Master测量眼轴(AL)、角膜曲率(K1、K2和Km)和前房深度(ACD)的差异,分析二者的一致性,为临床使用提供依据.方法 前瞻性临床研究.近视患者34例(68眼),等效球镜为-0.05~-10.00 D,平均(-4.11±2.31)D,分别应用Biograph/Lenstar和IOL Master进行AL、K1、K2、Km和ACD测量,两种仪器间以上指标的差异采用配对t检验,两种仪器间测量所得数据的相关性采用 Pearson相关分析,两种仪器间测量所得数据的一致性采用Bland-Altamn统计分析.结果 Biograph/Lenstar和IOL Master测量AL的平均值分别为(25.39±1.09)mm和(25.37±1.08)mm,差异具有统计学意义(t=8.855,P<0.01);两者间的K1、K2和Km差异均有统计学意义(t=2.511,P=0.014;t=-2.413,P=0.019;t=2.893,P=0.005);ACD值分别为(3.80±0.26)mm和(3.78±0.26)mm,差异无统计学意义.两种仪器间所有的测量参数均具有密切的线性相关(r均>0.9,P<0.01).两种方法测量AL和ACD一致性较好,而K1、K2和Km一致性较差.结论 Biograph/Lenstar测量眼部无明显器质性疾病人群的眼轴长度及前房深度与IOL Master具有良好的一致性.对角膜曲率的测量,两者测量一致性较差,使用中需结合临床意义进一步对仪器的适用范围加以判断.%Objective To assess the accuracy of axial length (AL), corneal curvature (K1, K2 and Km) and anterior chamber depth (ACD) measurements with the Biograph/Lenstar LS 900 biometer and the IOL Master. Methods In this prospective clinical study, 68 eyes of 34 myopes, whose spherical equivalent were -0.50-10.00 D, with an average of (-4.11±2.31)D. AL, K1, K2, Km and ACD of these myopes were measured with the Biograph/Lenstar and IOL Master biometer. Data were analyzed using a paired samples t test, linear regression and Bland-Altman plots. Results The mean AL and ACD measured by the Biograph/Lenstar and IOL Master were (25.39±1.09)mm, (25.37±1.08)mm, and (3

  13. 数字化时代设计素描课程体系研究%A research of designing sketch curriculum system in the digital age

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    伊卫东

    2015-01-01

    In order to consummate the construction of designing sketch curriculum system,and to change the situation of basic course and specialized course disconnected,the construction of designing sketch curriculum must conform to the requirements of times.The setting of curriculum,teaching content,curriculum scheduling and training in class should in accordance with the demand of curriculum development.%设计素描课程建设必须符合时代发展的要求,课程的设置、教学内容、课时安排、课堂实训都要符合课程发展的要求,这样才能完善设计素描课程体系建设,改变基础课和专业课脱节现象.

  14. The Construction of Virtual Campus Based on Google Earth and Sketch Up%基于Sketchup和Google Earth的3D虚拟校园建设

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    欧阳荣鑫; 陈涛; 刘力

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, the construction of virtual campus of NO.18 Senior School is taken as an example, a more applicable constructing way is presented with high-quality reacting,smoothly running and faster constructing, which is based on Google Earth and Sketch Up.%以重庆市第十八中学的虚拟校园建设为例,阐述了基于Sketch Up和Google Earth的具有良好的现实还原度和更短的开发周期的虚拟校园建设方案。同时,指出了一些较重要问题的解决方案。

  15. Tourism planning and management information system based on GIS%基于SketchUp的城市三维建模技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许捍卫; 房晓亮; 任家勇; 范小虎

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, the Tourism Planning and Management Information System (TPMIS) was developed with VB. NET and Super Objects, and the design of tourism space database and attribute database was also discussed. The TPMIS was applied successfully by the programming and administrative departments in Tonghai County, Xingmeng Township.%本文以实际的数字城市项目建设来说明用SketchUp软件建立城市三维模型的流程,主要对三维模型构建中的数据导入,相对坐标,格式转换,场景组织等所遇到的具体技术要点进行阐述,并进一步分析了SketchUp软件在城市三维建模过程中与其他软件对比所具有的优缺点.

  16. [Kreem, Juhan. Sketches of a Clerk. Pen-and-ink Drawings in the Margins of the Medieval Accoung Books of Reval (Tallinn)] / Anu Mänd

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mänd, Anu, 1968-

    2008-01-01

    Arvustus: Kreem, Juhan. Sketches of a Clerk. Pen-and-ink Drawings in the Margins of the Medieval Accoung Books of Reval (Tallinn). (Krems, 2006). Juhan Kreemi raamat käsitleb Tallinna rae keskaegsetes arveraamatutes leiduvaid sulejoonistusi. Autor on välja selgitanud nende, esmapilgul juhuslikena näivate joonistuste otstarbe ning püüdnud nende kaudu avada tolleaegsete linnaametnike mõttemalle

  17. [Kreem, Juhan. Sketches of a Clerk. Pen-and-ink Drawings in the Margins of the Medieval Accoung Books of Reval (Tallinn)] / Anu Mänd

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mänd, Anu, 1968-

    2008-01-01

    Arvustus: Kreem, Juhan. Sketches of a Clerk. Pen-and-ink Drawings in the Margins of the Medieval Accoung Books of Reval (Tallinn). (Krems, 2006). Juhan Kreemi raamat käsitleb Tallinna rae keskaegsetes arveraamatutes leiduvaid sulejoonistusi. Autor on välja selgitanud nende, esmapilgul juhuslikena näivate joonistuste otstarbe ning püüdnud nende kaudu avada tolleaegsete linnaametnike mõttemalle

  18. Design and Realization of Campus 3DGIS based on Google SketchUp and ArcGIS%基于SketchUp与ArcGIS的校园3DGIS的设计与实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    兰玉芳; 付金霞; 徐霞; 马文勇

    2013-01-01

    The combination of three Dimension (3D) visualization and spatial analysis has become the development tendency of virtual reality research. Therefore, we try to proceed an organic combination between GIS software and professional modeling software in this study. This study is of great significance for the realization of 3D scene visualization, scene dynamic roaming, information query and spatial analysis and so on. The southern campus of Northwest Agriculture and Forest University was used as an example in this study. Integrated with Google SketchUp 3D modeling technology,Geodatabase data models of ArcGIS9. 3, 3D application environment and the spatial analysis functions of ArcScene, using secondary development technology of ArcGIS Engine 9. 3 and Visual Studio 2005(C# ) ,the 3D campus geographic information system was well designed and accomplished,and further discussed the specific technology and realization procedure. The system has many functions,such as layers management,symbols design,edit management,spatial query,optimal path dynamic analysis,length and area measuring and thematic mapping of two-dimensional data, etc. In addition, 3D models system could realize importing and exporting, layers management, 3D scene browsing (including navigation, flying, zooming, roaming, etc. ), spatial query, measurement and the interactivity with two-dimensional vector. The design and development of the system will be benefit for the exploration of 3DGIS theory and technology.%三维可视化与空间分析相结合是虚拟现实研究发展的一个趋势.通过利用Google Sketch-Up三维建模技术和ArcGIS 9.3的Geodatabase数据模型、ArcScene的三维应用环境和空间分析功能,采用ArcGIS Engine 9.3和Visual Studio 2005(C#)的二次开发技术,设计与开发了西北农林科技大学南校区三维地理信息系统,并对相关技术和实现过程进行了探讨.系统实现了校园二维数据的图层管理、编辑管理、符号

  19. 基于多核学习的画像画风的识别%Drawing Style Recognition of Facial Sketch Based on Multiple Kernel Learning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张铭津; 李洁; 王楠楠

    2015-01-01

    画像的画风识别广泛应用于名画甄别和刑侦破案领域。文中提出基于多核学习的画像画风的识别算法。首先根据艺术评论家从画像部件的处理方式鉴定画像画风的方法,从画像中提取脸、左眼、右眼、鼻和嘴5个部件。然后根据画家从画像的明暗度和画像作者的绘画笔法识别画像画风的方法,从每个部件上提取灰度直方图特征、灰度矩特征、快速鲁棒特征和多尺度的局部二值模式特征。最后通过多核学习将不同部件和不同特征融合以进行画像画风的识别。实验表明,文中算法性能较好,能取得较高识别率。%The drawing style recognition of facial sketches is widely used for painting authentication and criminal investigation. A drawing style recognition algorithm of facial sketch based on multiple kernel learning is presented. Firstly, according to the way of art critics recognize the drawing style of facial sketch, five parts, the face part, left eye part, right eye part, nose part and mouth part, are extracted from the facial sketch. Then, gray histogram feature, gray moment feature, speeded-up robust feature and multiscale local binary pattern feature are extracted from each part on the basis of artistsˊ different understandings of lights and shadows on a face and various usages of the pencil . Finally, different parts and features are integrated and the drawing styles of facial sketches are classified by multiple kernel learning. Experimental results demonstrate that the proposed algorithm has better performance and obtains higher recognition rates.

  20. 论中国现代传记文学的本质属性及其他%On the Essential Property of Contemporary Biographical Literature in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    辜也平

    2005-01-01

    中国古代的"传"乃"释经"之意,后来"传""记"两字连词,指的是叙述个人生平行事始末的人物传,在更多方面属于"史"的范畴.西方的"传记" 一词由希腊文bios派生,具有生平或生活(life)的意思,指的是关于某一个人生平的作品,更多的时候也被认为属于历史的范畴.中国现代的"传记文学"概念则来自英语biographical literature,其作品指的应是以历史或现实中具体的人物为传主,以纪实为主要表现手段,集中叙述其生平,或相对完整的一段生活历程的文学作品.传记文学作品大致分为自传与他传两大类,普通的回忆录、访问记、印象记、日记、书信等,一般只可称为传记资料或历史文献.

  1. [The meaning of the diagnosis in the illness trajectory of a person with rheumatic disease: From the uncertainty to biographical disruption].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carranza, Rosa María Osorio

    2017-01-01

    This article seeks to analyze the meaning of the medical diagnosis in the biographies of people who suffer from a rheumatic disease. Based in the ethnographic method, in-depth interviews were carried out among fifteen informants affected by different rheumatic conditions from the City of Barcelona. These interviews make it possible to see how the symptoms, dysfunctions or limitations experienced up until the definitive diagnosis can be reinterpreted in the presence of a model that explains the condition and gives it a name, attributing new meaning to the symptoms and establishing certain care and coping strategies. After a period of uncertainty, this definitive medical diagnosis allows for an enigmatic chronic condition from which the person is suffering to be deciphered, representing a turning point in the care trajectory that is understood as a biographical disruption redefining the past and future of the subject. However, it is often necessary for those affected to undergo a complex, erratic and uncertain itinerary to reach the final diagnosis, which is then identified retrospectively as a milestone in the illness experience.

  2. Diurnal and twenty-four hour patterning of human diseases: acute and chronic common and uncommon medical conditions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smolensky, Michael H; Portaluppi, Francesco; Manfredini, Roberto; Hermida, Ramon C; Tiseo, Ruana; Sackett-Lundeen, Linda L; Haus, Erhard L

    2015-06-01

    The symptom intensity and mortality of human diseases, conditions, and syndromes exhibit diurnal or 24 h patterning, e.g., skin: atopic dermatitis, urticaria, psoriasis, and palmar hyperhidrosis; gastrointestinal: esophageal reflux, peptic ulcer (including perforation and hemorrhage), cyclic vomiting syndrome, biliary colic, hepatic variceal hemorrhage, and proctalgia fugax; infection: susceptibility, fever, and mortality; neural: frontal, parietal, temporal, and occipital lobe seizures, Parkinson's and Alzheimer's disease, hereditary progressive dystonia, and pain (cancer, post-surgical, diabetic neuropathic and foot ulcer, tooth caries, burning mouth and temporomandibular syndromes, fibromyalgia, sciatica, intervertebral vacuum phenomenon, multiple sclerosis muscle spasm, and migraine, tension, cluster, hypnic, and paroxysmal hemicranial headache); renal: colic and nocturnal enuresis and polyuria; ocular: bulbar conjunctival redness, keratoconjunctivitis sicca, intraocular pressure and anterior ischemic optic neuropathy, and recurrent corneal erosion syndrome; psychiatric/behavioral: major and seasonal affective depressive disorders, bipolar disorder, parasuicide and suicide, dementia-associated agitation, and addictive alcohol, tobacco, and heroin cravings and withdrawal phenomena; plus autoimmune and musculoskeletal: rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, axial spondylarthritis, gout, Sjögren's syndrome, and systemic lupus erythematosus. Knowledge of these and other 24 h patterns of human pathophysiology informs research of their underlying circadian and other endogenous mechanisms, external temporal triggers, and more effective patient care entailing clinical chronopreventive and chronotherapeutic strategies.

  3. Twenty-four hour predictions of the solar wind speed peaks by the probability distribution function model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bussy-Virat, C. D.; Ridley, A. J.

    2016-10-01

    Abrupt transitions from slow to fast solar wind represent a concern for the space weather forecasting community. They may cause geomagnetic storms that can eventually affect systems in orbit and on the ground. Therefore, the probability distribution function (PDF) model was improved to predict enhancements in the solar wind speed. New probability distribution functions allow for the prediction of the peak amplitude and the time to the peak while providing an interval of uncertainty on the prediction. It was found that 60% of the positive predictions were correct, while 91% of the negative predictions were correct, and 20% to 33% of the peaks in the speed were found by the model. This represents a considerable improvement upon the first version of the PDF model. A direct comparison with the Wang-Sheeley-Arge model shows that the PDF model is quite similar, except that it leads to fewer false positive predictions and misses fewer events, especially when the peak reaches very high speeds.

  4. Diurnal and twenty-four hour patterning of human diseases: cardiac, vascular, and respiratory diseases, conditions, and syndromes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smolensky, Michael H; Portaluppi, Francesco; Manfredini, Roberto; Hermida, Ramon C; Tiseo, Ruana; Sackett-Lundeen, Linda L; Haus, Erhard L

    2015-06-01

    Various medical conditions, disorders, and syndromes exhibit predictable-in-time diurnal and 24 h patterning in the signs, symptoms, and grave nonfatal and fatal events, e.g., respiratory ones of viral and allergic rhinorrhea, reversible (asthma) and non-reversible (bronchitis and emphysema) chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, cystic fibrosis, high altitude pulmonary edema, and decompression sickness; cardiac ones of atrial premature beats and tachycardia, paroxysmal atrial fibrillation, 3rd degree atrial-ventricular block, paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia, ventricular premature beats, ventricular tachyarrhythmia, symptomatic and non-symptomatic angina pectoris, Prinzmetal vasospastic variant angina, acute (non-fatal and fatal) incidents of myocardial infarction, sudden cardiac arrest, in-bed sudden death syndrome of type-1 diabetes, acute cardiogenic pulmonary edema, and heart failure; vascular and circulatory system ones of hypertension, acute orthostatic postprandial, micturition, and defecation hypotension/syncope, intermittent claudication, venous insufficiency, standing occupation leg edema, arterial and venous branch occlusion of the eye, menopausal hot flash, sickle cell syndrome, abdominal, aortic, and thoracic dissections, pulmonary thromboembolism, and deep venous thrombosis, and cerebrovascular transient ischemic attack and hemorrhagic and ischemic stroke. Knowledge of these temporal patterns not only helps guide patient care but research of their underlying endogenous mechanisms, i.e., circadian and others, and external triggers plus informs the development and application of effective chronopreventive and chronotherapeutic strategies.

  5. The Twenty-four Hour Workday: Proceedings of a Symposium on Variations in Work-Sleep Schedules

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-10-01

    Md. Tray.: 1971, _j 393-395. .ndlauer,P., Carpentier,J., & Cazamian,P. (Eds.). Ergonomie du travail de nuit et des horaires alternants. Education...and between subjects and suggest that Gaillard’s conclusion may not -be true. 743 REM 0) 2 {3 i4 40[ REM E 0L ɘ U 730-Delta Hour !Igure :2. Comuter

  6. Twenty-four-hour urine constituents in stone formers: A study from the northeast part of Peninsular Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N S Hussein

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Urolithiasis is a common disease with increasing incidence and prevalence world-wide, probably more common in industrialized countries. The metabolic evaluation of 24-h urine collection has been considered as part of the management of urinary stone patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the 24-h urine constituents in stone formers and its relation to demographic data in the northeast part of Peninsular Malaysia. One hundred and six patients were recruited in this study from two hospitals in the same geographical region; 96 patients fulfilled the inclusion criteria and an informed consent was obtained from all subjects. The 24-h urine was collected in sterile bottles with a preservative agent and calcium, oxalate, citrate, uric acid, magnesium and phosphate were tested using commercial kits on a Roche Hitachi 912 chemistry analyzer. The age (mean ± SD of 96 patients was 56.45 ± 13.43 years and 82.3% of the patients were male while 17.7% were female. The 24-h urine abnormalities were hypercalciuria (14.5%, hyperoxaluria (61.4%, hypocitraturia (57.2%, hyperuricouria (19.7%, hypomagnesuria (59.3% and hyperphosphaturia (12.5%. Hyperoxaluria (61.4% was the most common abnormality detected during the analysis of 24-h urine constituents in contradiction to industrial countries, where hypercalciuria was the most common finding. The high frequencies of hypomagnesuria and hypocitraturia reflect the important role of magnesium and citrate in stone formation and their prophylactic role in the treatment of urinary stone disease in the given population.

  7. Twenty-four-hour urine constituents in stone formers: a study from the northeast part of Peninsular Malaysia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hussein, N S; Sadiq, S M; Kamaliah, M D; Norakmal, A W; Gohar, M N

    2013-05-01

    Urolithiasis is a common disease with increasing incidence and prevalence world-wide, probably more common in industrialized countries. The metabolic evaluation of 24-h urine collection has been considered as part of the management of urinary stone patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the 24-h urine constituents in stone formers and its relation to demographic data in the northeast part of Peninsular Malaysia. One hundred and six patients were recruited in this study from two hospitals in the same geographical region; 96 patients fulfilled the inclusion criteria and an informed consent was obtained from all subjects. The 24-h urine was collected in sterile bottles with a preservative agent and calcium, oxalate, citrate, uric acid, magnesium and phosphate were tested using commercial kits on a Roche Hitachi 912 chemistry analyzer. The age (mean ± SD) of 96 patients was 56.45 ± 13.43 years and 82.3% of the patients were male while 17.7% were female. The 24-h urine abnormalities were hypercalciuria (14.5%), hyperoxaluria (61.4%), hypocitraturia (57.2%), hyperuricouria (19.7%), hypomagnesuria (59.3%) and hyperphosphaturia (12.5%). Hyperoxaluria (61.4%) was the most common abnormality detected during the analysis of 24-h urine constituents in contradiction to industrial countries, where hypercalciuria was the most common finding. The high frequencies of hypomagnesuria and hypocitraturia reflect the important role of magnesium and citrate in stone formation and their prophylactic role in the treatment of urinary stone disease in the given population.

  8. Prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites in captive non-human primates of twenty-four zoological gardens in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Mei; Zhao, Bo; Li, Bo; Wang, Qiang; Niu, Lili; Deng, Jiabo; Gu, Xiaobin; Peng, Xuerong; Wang, Tao; Yang, Guangyou

    2015-06-01

    Captive primates are susceptible to gastrointestinal (GIT) parasitic infections, which are often zoonotic and can contribute to morbidity and mortality. Fecal samples were examined by the means of direct smear, fecal flotation, fecal sedimentation, and fecal cultures. Of 26.51% (317/1196) of the captive primates were diagnosed gastrointestinal parasitic infections. Trichuris spp. were the most predominant in the primates, while Entamoeba spp. were the most prevalent in Old World monkeys (P primates and the safety of animal keepers and visitors.

  9. Prevalence of type 1 brugada electrocardiographic pattern evaluated by twelve-lead twenty-four-hour holter monitoring.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cerrato, Natascia; Giustetto, Carla; Gribaudo, Elena; Richiardi, Elena; Barbonaglia, Lorella; Scrocco, Chiara; Zema, Domenica; Gaita, Fiorenzo

    2015-01-01

    Patients with drug-induced type 1 Brugada electrocardiograms (BrECGs) are considered to have good prognosis. Spontaneous type 1 is, instead, considered a risk factor; however, it is probably underestimated because of the BrECG fluctuations. The aim of this study was to analyze, in a large population of patients with Br, the real prevalence of type 1 BrECG using 12-lead 24-hour Holter monitoring (12L-Holter) and its correlation with the time of the day. We recorded 303 12L-Holter in 251 patients. Seventy-five (30%) patients exhibited spontaneous type 1 BrECG at 12-lead ECG (group 1) and 176 (70%) had only drug-induced type 1 (group 2). Type 1 BrECG was defined as "persistent" (>85% of the recording), "intermittent" (Holter, 57% intermittent type 1%, and 31% never had type 1; in group 2, none had persistent type 1, 20% had intermittent type 1%, and 80% never showed type 1. To evaluate the circadian fluctuations of BrECG, 4 periods in the day were considered. Type 1 BrECG was more frequent between 12-noon and 6 p.m. (52%, p Holter than with conventional follow-up with periodic ECGs and this has important implications in the risk stratification. 12L-Holter recording might avoid 20% of the pharmacological challenges with sodium channel blockers, which are not without risks, and should thus be considered as the first screening test, particularly in children or in presence of borderline diagnostic basal ECG.

  10. Twenty-four years after theYellowstone Fires: Are postfire lodgepole pine stands converging in structure and function?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turner, Monica G; Whitby, Timothy G; Tinker, Daniel B; Romme, William H

    2016-05-01

    Disturbance and succession have long been of interest in ecology, but how landscape patterns of ecosystem structure and function evolve following large disturbances is poorly understood. After nearly 25 years, lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta var. latifolia) forests that regenerated after the 1988 Yellowstone Fires (Wyoming, USA) offer a prime opportunity to track the fate of disturbance-created heterogeneity in stand structure and function in a wilderness setting. In 2012, we resampled 72 permanent plots to ask (1) How have postfire stand structure and function changed between 11 and 24 yr postfire, and what variables explain these patterns and changes? (2) How has landscape-level (among-stand) variability in postfire stand structure and function changed between 11 and 24 yr postfire? We expected to see evidence of convergence beginning to emerge, but also that initial postfire stem density would still determine trajectories of biomass accumulation. After 24 yr, postfire lodgepole pine density remained very high (mean = 21,738 stems/ha, range = 0-344,067 stems/ha). Stem density increased in most plots between 11 and 24 yr postfire, but declined sharply where 11-yr-postfire stem density was > 72,000 stems/ha. Stems were small in high-density stands, but stand-level lodgepole pine leaf area, foliage biomass, and live aboveground biomass increased over time and with increasing stem density. After 24 yr, mean annual lodgepole pine aboveground net primary production (ANPP) was high (mean = 5 Mg · ha⁻¹ · yr⁻¹, range = 0-16.5 Mg · ha⁻¹ · yr⁻¹). Among stands, lodgepole pine ANPP increased with stem density, which explained 69% of the variation; another 8% of the variation was explained by environmental covariates. Early patterns of postfire lodgepole pine regeneration, which were contingent on prefire serotiny and fire severity, remained the dominant driver of stand structure and function. We observed mechanisms that would lead to convergence in stem density (structure) over time, but it was landscape variation in functional variables that declined substantially. Stand structure and function have not converged across the burned landscape, but our evidence suggests function will converge sooner than structure.

  11. Evaluation of Parents’ Knowledges and Experiences about Infant Feeding in Children between Six-Twenty Four Months

    OpenAIRE

    Zeynep Kaya; Özgül Yiğit; Meltem Erol; Özlem Bostan Gayret

    2016-01-01

    Aim: Complementary feeding is important in early childhood. Therefore, raising awareness of families about complementary feeding is of importance. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the parents’ knowledge and experience of infant feeding. Methods: This study was made in the pediatric outpatient clinic at Bağcılar Training and Research Hospital between 25.09.2012 and 25.11.2012. A questionnaire including questions regarding infant feeding was administered to 417 parents (250 mothers, 167 f...

  12. A Seroprevalence Survey of Maedi-Visna Among Twenty-Four Ovine Floks from Twelve Regions of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Ke-shan; HE Ji-jun; LIU Yong-jie; SHANG You-jun; LIU Xiang-tao

    2013-01-01

    Maedi-visna virus (MVV) is an ovine lentivirus that is widespread in many countries worldwide. Both clinical and subclinical MVV infections cause substantial economic losses. MVV infection in live sheep is usually diagnosed serologically, with antibody-positive sheep being regarded as infected. There have been few reports of maedi-visna in China, with no detailed epidemic analysis of MVV infection in ovine herds. In order to investigate the seroprevalence and spatial distribution of maedi-visna among ovine lfocks in China, a total of 672 serum samples were collected from different ovine lfocks in 12 regions (provinces, autonomous regions or municipalities) of China in 2011, and serum antibody levels were determined using a commercial ELISA Kit. This study represents the ifrst investigation of the seroepidemiology of maedi-visna in China, indicating a circulation of MMV among sheep.

  13. Exploring the relationship between cyberbullying and unnatural child death: an ecological study of twenty-four European countries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fu, King-wa; Chan, Chung-hong; Ip, Patrick

    2014-07-30

    Internet risk has been recognised as a child safety problem, but evidence is insufficient to conclude that a child's online risk exposure can lead to physical harm. This study aims to explore the ecological relationship between Internet risk exposure and unnatural child death. Multiple secondary data sources were used: online exposure to content about self-harm, cyberbullying, and Internet addiction data (EU Kids Online survey, 2010); and mortality data (European Detailed Mortality Database, 2010 or the latest year if not available) of 24 European countries. Correlations were found using quasi-Poisson regression. Countries' prevalence rates of psychiatric problems (European Social Survey Round 3 and 6, 2006 and 2012) were used to test for possible spuriousness. This study finds that countries with higher rates of cyberbullying were more likely to have a higher incidence of unnatural child death. A 1 percent rise in the prevalence of cyberbullying translated into a 28% increase in risk of unnatural child death (95% CI: 2%-57%). No evidence was found to substantiate confounding effect of the national prevalence of depressive symptoms or traditional bullying. Explanations are given for the findings. We conclude that intervention programs designed to serve as precautionary measures for risk minimisation should be considered.

  14. Twenty-four-hour urine constituents in stone formers: A study from the northeast part of Peninsular Malaysia

    OpenAIRE

    N S Hussein; S M Sadiq; M D Kamaliah; A W NorAkmal; M N Gohar

    2013-01-01

    Urolithiasis is a common disease with increasing incidence and prevalence world-wide, probably more common in industrialized countries. The metabolic evaluation of 24-h urine collection has been considered as part of the management of urinary stone patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the 24-h urine constituents in stone formers and its relation to demographic data in the northeast part of Peninsular Malaysia. One hundred and six patients were recruited in this study from two hospi...

  15. Twenty-four hours or 10 days? A prospective randomised controlled trial in children comparing head bandages following pinnaplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramkumar, S; Narayanan, V; Laing, J H E

    2006-01-01

    The perceived benefits of bandaging for 10 days following pinnaplasty have been questioned by previous studies. The problems arising from these dressings are many [Powell BWEM. The value of head dressings in the postoperative management of the prominent ear. Br J Plast Surg 1989;42:692-4. Bartley J. How long should ears be bandaged after otoplasty? J Laryngol Otol 1998;112:531-2. Wong MC, Sylaidis P. Head dressings for pinnaplasty: a tradition not supported by evidence. Br J Plast Surg 2001;54:81-2], including their slippage [Powell BWEM. The value of head dressings in the postoperative management of the prominent ear. Br J Plast Surg 1989;42:692-4. Bradbury ET, Hewison J, Timmons MJ. Psychological and social outcome of prominent ear correction in children. Br J Plast Surg 1992;45:97-100. Jeffery SLA. Complications following correction of prominent ears: an audit review of 122 cases. Br J Plast Surg 1999;52:588-90]. Eighty children were recruited into a prospective randomised controlled trial comparing the use of a head bandage for only 24 h with a standard practise of a 10-day head bandage. A preoperative measurement of the lateral ear projection (LEP) was made. The outcome measures recorded during the two planned postoperative visits at 10 days (visit 1) and 2 months (visit 2) were: patient satisfaction score, LEP, complications and any unscheduled hospital visits associated with the surgery. There was no significant difference in LEP and patient satisfaction between the two groups at both the scheduled postoperative visits. Differences between the groups in the number of unscheduled visits (p=0.21) did not reach statistical significance. The findings indicate that it is safe and effective to use head bandage for only 24 h following surgical correction of prominent ears. This study shows no benefit from the application of a formal head bandage for any longer than 1 day.

  16. Twenty-Four-Hour Urinary Aldosterone Predicts Inappropriate Left Ventricular Mass Index in Patients with Primary Aldosteronism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chi-Sheng Hung

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. Primary aldosteronism (PA is associated with inappropriate left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH in relation to a given gender and body size. There is no ideal parameter to predict the presence of LVH or inappropriate LVH in patients with PA. We investigate the performance of 24-hour urinary aldosterone level, plasma renin activity and aldosterone-to-renin ratio on this task. Methods. We performed echocardiography in 106 patients with PA and 31 subjects with essential hypertension (EH in a tertiary teaching hospital. Plasma renin activity, aldosterone concentration, and 24-hour urinary aldosterone level were measured. Results. Only 24-hour urinary aldosterone was correlated with left ventricular mass index (LVMI and excess LVMI among these parameters. The multivariate analysis revealed the urinary aldosterone level as an independent predictor for LVMI and excess LVMI. Analyzing the ability of urinary aldosterone, plasma aldosterone concentration, and plasma aldosterone-to-renin ratio to identify the presence of LVH (ROC AUC = 0.701, 0.568, 0.656, resp. and the presence of inappropriate LV mass index (defined as measured LVMI in predicting LVMI ratio >135% (ROC area under curve = 0.61, 0.43, 0.493, resp. revealed the better performance of 24-hour urinary aldosterone. Conclusions. In conclusion, 24-hour urinary aldosterone level performed better to predict the presence of LVH and inappropriate LVMI in patients with PA.

  17. Group of Twenty Four Countries and Three Tiers: An International Comparative Study on China’s Urbanization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li; Hao; Li; Min

    2015-01-01

    It is of great signif icance to conduct an international comparative study on China’s and other countries’ urbanization by taking the concept of "scale" as a crucial study point. This paper puts forward that countries with an area over two million km2 or a GDP over 650 billion dollars are comparable with China. Accordingly, there are 24 such countries in the world leading the global socio-economic development. For consisting of almost all types of countries, they can be considered as basic references for international comparative studies on China’s urbanization. Based on the relationship between urbanization and economic levels, the 24 countries can be divided into three tiers. The fi rst tier countries are mainly developed countries at high urbanization and economic levels; the second tier countries are later starters yet urbanized at a rapid speed, thus have fallen into the "middle-income trap" because of an imbalanced urbanization and economic development; the third tier countries including China and India are still in the starting phase of urbanization, and the key to their future development is a steady economic growth and a balanced urbanization and economic development.

  18. Twenty-four-hour profiles of metabolic and stress hormones in sheep selected for a calm or nervous temperament.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rietema, S E; Blackberry, M A; Maloney, S K; Martin, G B; Hawken, P A R; Blache, D

    2015-10-01

    Even in the absence of stressors, temperament is associated with changes in the concentration of stress-responsive hormones and, possibly because of such changes, temperament can affect metabolism. We tested whether, in sheep bred for temperament for 14 generations, "nervous" females have greater concentrations of stress-responsive hormones in the absence of stressors than "calm" females, and whether these differences are associated with changes in the concentrations of metabolic hormones. In resting "calm" (n = 8) and "nervous" (n = 8) sheep, concentrations of cortisol, prolactin, leptin, and insulin were measured in blood plasma sampled via jugular catheter every 20 min for 24 h. The animals were individually penned, habituated to their housing and human handling over 7 wk, and fed before sampling began. Diurnal variation was evident for all hormones, but a 24-h cortisol pattern was detected in only 7 individuals. There was no effect of temperament on any aspect of concentrations of cortisol or prolactin, but "calm" animals had greater concentrations of insulin in the early afternoon than "nervous" animals (14.5 ± 1.1 vs 10.0 ± 1.6 μU/mL; P = 0.038), and a similar tendency was seen for leptin (P = 0.092). We conclude that selection for temperament affects the concentration of metabolic hormones in the absence of stressors, but this effect is independent of stress-responsive hormones.

  19. Twenty-four hours hypothermia has temporary efficacy in reducing brain infarction and inflammation in aged rats

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sandu, Raluca Elena; Buga, Ana Maria; Balseanu, Adrian Tudor

    2016-01-01

    inflammation and infarct size. However, after 1 week, the infarct size became even larger than in controls and after 2 weeks there was no beneficial effect on regenerative processes such as neurogenesis. Behaviorally, hypothermia also had a limited beneficial effect. Finally, after hydrogen sulfide...

  20. Twenty-four-hour exposure to altered blood flow modifies endothelial Ca2+-activated K+ channels in rat mesenteric arteries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hilgers, Rob H P; Janssen, Ger M J; Fazzi, Gregorio E

    2010-01-01

    ,5,12,16]tetraazacyclotricosine-5,13-diium dibromide (UCL 1684; inhibitor of SK3) or 1-[(2-chlorophenyl)diphenylmethyl]-1H-pyrazole (TRAM-34; inhibitor of IK1). In LF arteries, endothelium-dependent relaxation was markedly reduced, due to a reduction in the endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor (EDHF) response. In HF...