WorldWideScience

Sample records for testimony

  1. Testimonial a influencer marketing

    OpenAIRE

    Kúdelková, Andrea

    2017-01-01

    The topic of the diploma thesis is testimonial and influencer marketing. The aim of this work is to find out whether influencer increases the likelihood of purchasing a healthy nutritional product for Slovak women aged 20-40 years, and also whether Peter Sagana as a testimonial enhances brand credibility. The theoretical part deals with general communication and presentation of testimonial and marketing influence, their categories and examples. The practical part of the thesis is set into the...

  2. Forensic Memories: After Testimony

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bøndergaard, Johanne Helbo

    2014-01-01

    of writing that might in fact come “after” testimony. In this paper I attempt to describe a mode of writing in contemporary literature on memory and history, which allows later generations to address historical events to which they did not bear witness, challenging the testimonial mode while bearing its...

  3. Testimony by Melissa Reeves

    Science.gov (United States)

    Communique, 2010

    2010-01-01

    This article presents the testimony by Dr. Melissa Reeves, a school psychologist and faculty member in the school psychology program at Winthrop University. Dr. Reeves shares her view of the critical role schools must play in crisis response and recovery. In addition to being a graduate educator and a consulting school psychologist, Dr. Reeves is…

  4. PUBLIK FIGUR DALAM IKLAN TESTIMONIAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deddi Duto Hartanto

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Testimonial advertising seemingly identical with famous figure such as artist%2C sportmen or others. They are all branded as "public figure" because they are well known by public. A lot of advertising creators using public figure in order to gain a high brand awareness. Is the use of public figure in testimonial advertising more profitable? Is their able quite representative for the products they represent ? Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Iklan testimonial identik dengan tokoh terkenal%2C baik itu artis%2C tokoh masyarakat%2C olahragawan%2C atau yang lainnya. Semuanya di cap sebagai "publik figur%2C" karena sudah dikenal masyarakat.Banyak kreator iklan menggunakan publik figur dengan harapan dapat mencapai brand awareness yang tinggi. Apakah penggunaan publik figur dalam iklan testimonial lebih menguntungkan ?%2C Apakah peran publik figur (sudah mewakili produk yang dibawakan?. testimonial advertising%2C public figure

  5. Epistemic merit, autonomy, and testimony

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesús VEGA ENCABO

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, it is argued that both the informer and the hearer in a testimonial situation deserve epistemic merit insofar as they contribute to the collaborative achievement of sharing knowledge. The paper introduces a distinction between the ideals of self-sufficiency and epistemic autonomy. The autonomous exercise of our epistemic agency is very often carried out under strong conditions of epistemic dependence. Testimony exhibits a kind of social dependence that does not threaten the autonomy of the subjects that need to consider their own epistemic capacities. When involved in a testimonial situation, both speaker and hearer declare, at least implicitly, the standings they occupy in an epistemic space and are obliged to recognise certain epistemic requirements.

  6. Aesthetic Experience, Mimesis and Testimony

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roger W. H. Savage

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available In this article, I relate the demand that Paul Ricoeur suggests mimesis places on the way we think about truth to the idea that the work of art is a model for thinking about testimony. By attributing a work’s epoché of reality to the work of imagination, I resolve the impasse that arises from attributing music, literature, and art’s distance from the real to their social emancipation. Examining the conjunction, in aesthetic experience, of the communicability and the exemplarity of a work reveals how Ricoeur’s definition of mimesis as refiguration relates to the “rule” that the work summons. This “rule” constitutes the solution to a problem or question for which the work is the answer. In conclusion, as a model for thinking about testimony, the claims that works make have a counterpart in the injunctions that issue from exemplary moral and political acts. 

  7. The Weight of a Woman's Testimony

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abbas Mohammad Elsiddik

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This research attempts to provide a fresh evaluation of a testimony in general and an evaluation of the weight of woman's testimony in particular. By using an empirical methodology, the research responds to the equality issue between women and men as competent witnesses, as Western jurisprudence claims, and the issue of non-equality between women and men as competent witnesses, as Islamic Sharia scholars claim. This study found numerous results, one of which was that womanhood affects a woman's ability to bear in mind a witnessed fact. Therefore, womanhood should be dealt with as a discrediting her testimony factor. Another result was that woman's testimony is admissible, even if she was alone; because womanhood is a factor relating to the weight of a testimony not a stipulation for the admissibility of testimony. Moreover, the research classified testimony in regard to its weight into two kinds. The first kind is Attestation, which always requires corroboration from a man or woman to renders it admissible as evidence. The second kind is Testimony, which does not generally require corroboration, even if the witness is a woman. However, corroboration may be necessary if the testimony has been affected by any discrediting factor regardless the sex of the witness. One more result of the research was that corroboration for testimony is affected by womanhood in certain cases, can be attained by summoning another woman as a witness, inferring factual presumptions, or examining the surrounding circumstances.

  8. The Spark: Personal Testimonies of Creativity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weisburd, Stefi

    1987-01-01

    Poses several questions about some of the factors that contribute to creativity in humans. Provides a variety of possible psychological, cultural, and biological reasons for creative discoveries. Offers testimonies by several renowned artists, scientists, and psychologists. (TW)

  9. Trusting others. The epistemological authority of testimony

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando BRONCANO

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available I propose to consider the interpersonal character of testimony as a kind of social bond created by the mutual intention of sharing knowledge. The paper explores the social mechanism that supports this mutual intention starting from an initial situation of modelling the other’s epistemic perspective. Accepting testimony as a joint action creates epistemic duties and responsibilities and the eventual success can be considered as a genuine achievement at the social level of epistemology. Trust is presented here as the symptom that both parties are involved in such a social bond.

  10. The impossible testimony: Celan in Derrida

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Forster

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Having as background the events associated to the genocide of the Jews in the Second World War, we will try to analyze the possibility conditions of the historical memory in general, and the testimony to events such as the holocaust, in particular. Following the French philosopher Jacques Derrida’s argument line, we will search in Paul Celan’s poetical work, the necessary elements to overcome the hurdles that hinder our understanding of the existence of revolting event

  11. Rape trauma syndrome as scientific expert testimony.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Block, A P

    1990-08-01

    Behavioral science studies conducted on rape victims reveal a posttraumatic stress disorder which follows the attack known as rape trauma syndrome. Evidence of rape trauma syndrome can be very useful in explaining the behavior of rape victims. Rape trauma syndrome can help corroborate the victim's assertion of lack of consent and also help the jury understand the typical reactions of rape victims. Courts have held that expert testimony of rape trauma syndrome is admissible as evidence of (i) lack of consent, (ii) the amount of damages in civil suits, (iii) a defense to culpable behavior, and (iv) an explanation for behavior of the victim that is inconsistent with the claim of rape. Rape trauma syndrome meets the requirements for admissibility when it is used for the proper purpose and with adequate safeguards to prevent any unfair prejudice. Based on case precedent on the admissibility of rape trauma syndrome as scientific expert testimony, rape trauma syndrome should be admissible if (i) the evidence presented only shows the typical reactions to rape and does not make any legal conclusions as to whether the victim was raped, (ii) the expert is qualified, (iii) a proper foundation is laid, (iv) liberal cross-examination of the expert is allowed, and (v) the defense can introduce its own expert testimony on rape trauma syndrome.

  12. TEATRO TESTIMONIAL: UNA PROPUESTA DE EDUCACIÓN INTERCULTURAL/TESTIMONY THEATRE: AN INTERCULTURAL EDUCATION PROPOSAL

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Natascha Diharce Böser

    2015-01-01

    ... intercultural, teatro testimonial, enfoque intercultural, Teatro Kimen, Ñi Pu Tremen. The objective of the present is to reflect upon the possibilities of inclusion of the intercultural approach in educational practices beyond the classroom, focusing on dramatic arts. I will make an introduction into the intercultural approach and its application...

  13. Psychological aspects of old men testimony

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brkić Snežana

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Aging does not exclude some person s potential witness, but it is factor which can exert influence on tactics of examination of witness. it also influences the evaluation of testimony. Therefore, it is important to know the specific psychological functions of old men, which are in relation with testimony. The most important psychological functions are perception and memory. There are some negative subjective factors by aging as: weakening of sensul sensitivity, weakening of memory, reducing of intelligence, decelerating of psychomotor functions and negative influence of emotional and motivating process on perception. However, we must know that there are some individual differences between old people. Therefore, we should not deny the aged as a witness. The judge must always check the sensual sensitivity of witness, by putting the questions, by court's experiment or by psychological expert opinion. We must also take into consideration the specific features of the aged, when we interrogate them as a witness. In this sense, we can give some recommendations in regard to place, time and manner of their interrogation. That treatment has to enable the accurate and complete statement, from one side, and it also has to disable the harmful effect of criminal procedure to witness, psyche, from the other side.

  14. 28 CFR 4.11 - Appearance; testimony; cross-examination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Appearance; testimony; cross-examination. 4.11 Section 4.11 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE PROCEDURE GOVERNING APPLICATIONS FOR... RETIREMENT INCOME SECURITY ACT OF 1974 § 4.11 Appearance; testimony; cross-examination. (a) The applicant...

  15. 45 CFR 681.28 - How is witness testimony presented?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false How is witness testimony presented? 681.28 Section 681.28 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT REGULATIONS Hearing Procedures § 681.28 How is witness testimony...

  16. 18 CFR 385.507 - Prepared written testimony (Rule 507).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... REGULATORY COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY PROCEDURAL RULES RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Hearings § 385... time for the preparation of such written testimony. (b) Time for filing. Any prepared written testimony... warranted by any other showing of good cause; and (ii) Would not be unduly prejudicial to any participant...

  17. The Epistemology of Testimony: Fulfilling the Sincerity Condition ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    I look initially at the trust approach to testimony, which claims affective trust plays an epistemic role in our coming to believe that a speaker is being sincere. My claim is that this view is mistaken, and yet has something important to say in recognising the essential difference between testimony and other forms of evidence.

  18. The influence of stress on giving testimony

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brkić Snežana S.

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper there are firstly some general observations about stress (the concept of stress, stressors, stress responses, consequences of stress. Then, the author examines the effect of stress on giving testimony, that is on two most important psychic functions of the importance for giving testimony: perception and memory. The impact of stress, on perception is discussed in the framework of the importance of affective tone of perception. The lower doses of stress can improve attention and perception, but with intense stress, attention rapidly decreases. Stress often causes erroneous perception of time and other errors in observation and can lead to illusions and hallucinations. The errors in face recognition are also possible in view of 'the phenomenon of focusing attention on weapon '. In relationship with memory, the author firstly gives some general considerations about this function. Then follows brief overview of memory for emotionally colored events. The negative influence of stress on memory is reflected in the possibility of psychogenic amnesia, which are often the escort of psychological trauma. Further, some events will be remembered with a lot of gaps, distortions and overemphasis. The paper points to a number of studies on (inaccuracies and (incomplete memories for traumatic events. Summarizing the main results of these studies it is concluded that memory for traumatic events has similar sharacteristics as memory for normal, nontraumatic events. Memory for traumatic events also follows the same cognitive principles. In that sense, both traumatic and nontraumatic memories can be equally powerful on the one hand, and on the other hand, there may be gaps or errors in memory as well as for the positive and negative life events.

  19. Expert witness testimony in ophthalmology malpractice litigation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Grace; Fang, Christina H; Friedman, Remy; Bhagat, Neelakshi; Eloy, Jean Anderson; Langer, Paul D

    2015-03-01

    To examine the relative qualifications of expert witnesses testifying on behalf of plaintiffs vs defendants in ophthalmology malpractice litigation. Correlational and descriptive study; analysis of expert witness and physician demographic data available on several databases. The Westlaw legal database was searched for ophthalmologist expert witness testimony from January 2006 to June 2014. Physician demographic data were used as the main outcome measures, including length of experience, scholarly impact (as measured by the h-index), practice setting, and fellowship training status and were obtained from state medical licensing board sites and online medical facility and practice sites. H-indices were obtained from the Scopus database. Defendant and plaintiff expert witnesses had comparable mean years of experience (32.9 and 35.7, respectively) (P = .12) and scholarly impact (h-index = 8.6 and 8.3, respectively) (P = .42). Cases tended to resolve on the side of the expert witness with the higher h-index (P = .04). Significantly higher proportions of defendant witnesses were in academic practice (P < .05) and underwent fellowship training (P < .001). Ophthalmologist expert witnesses testifying for both plaintiffs and defendants had over 30 years of experience and high scholarly impact. Practitioners testifying on behalf of plaintiffs were statistically less likely to work in an academic setting and have subspecialty training. Scholarly impact of expert witnesses appeared to affect trial outcomes. Surgical societies should stringently police for appropriate expert witness testimony given by both plaintiff and defense experts in malpractice litigation. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. Potential reduced exposure products (PREPs) in industry trial testimony.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wayne, Geoffrey Ferris

    2006-12-01

    To identify patterns in trial testimony that may reflect on the intentions or expectations of tobacco manufacturers with regard to the introduction of potential reduced exposure products (PREPs). Research was conducted using the Deposition and Trial Testimony Archive (DATTA) collection of trial testimony and depositions housed online at Tobacco Documents Online (www.tobaccodocuments.org). Relevant testimony was identified through full-text searches of terms indicating PREPs or harm reduction strategies. The role and function of PREPs in testimony were classified according to common and contrasting themes. These were analysed in the context of broader trial arguments and against changes in time period and the market. Analysis of testimony suggests that the failure of PREPs in the market tempered initial industry enthusiasm and made protection of the conventional cigarette market its major priority. The "breakthrough" character of PREPs has been de-emphasised, with trial arguments instead positioning PREPs as simply another choice for consumers. This framework legitimises the sale of conventional brands, and shifts the responsibility for adoption of safer products from the manufacturer to the consumer. Likewise, testimony has abandoned earlier dramatic health claims made with regard to PREPs, which had undermined industry arguments regarding efforts to reduce harm in conventional products. More recent testimony advocates the broad acceptance of independent guidelines that would validate use of health claims and enable the industry to market PREPs to consumers. Trial testimony reflects the changing role and positioning of PREPs by the tobacco industry. The findings are of particular importance with regard to future evaluation and potential regulation of reduced harm products.

  1. Opinion versus Knowledge: The Influence of Testimony Format on Children's Judgments in Morally Relevant Contexts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noh, Jee Young; Elenbaas, Laura Marie; Park, Kyung Ja; Chung, Young Sun; Killen, Melanie

    2017-01-01

    Research Findings: To test children's use of testimony of others, 3-9 years (N = 227) made judgments about a potential peer transgression in which the intentions of the protagonist were ambiguous, after hearing two different forms of testimony. The 2 forms of testimony were (a) opposing "opinion-based" testimony from an adult authority…

  2. Music Brings Us Together: Testimony to Music in Our Schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Music Educators Journal, 1986

    1986-01-01

    Well-known peoples' views concerning the intrinsic value of music and the importance of music education are presented. The statements represent a few entries from the Music Educators National Conference's new publication "Testimony to Music." (RM)

  3. CBO Testimony: Trends in Selected Indicators of Military Readiness

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Singer, Neil M

    1994-01-01

    ... to. This testimony addresses two aspects of readiness: what is the state of current readiness based on available indicators, and what are the implications for future readiness of levels of funding for some important categories of defense resources...

  4. La historia testimonial y sus límites [Ressenya

    OpenAIRE

    Palazón Sáez, Gema

    2009-01-01

    Reseña del libro de Martin Lienhard "Disidentes, rebeldes, insurgentes. Resistencia indígena y negra en América Latina. Ensayos de historia testimonial", Madrid, Nexos y diferencias. Iberoamericana, 2008, 163 p.

  5. A semantic solution to the problem with aesthetic testimony

    OpenAIRE

    Andow, James

    2015-01-01

    There is something peculiar about aesthetic testimony. It seems more difficult to gain knowledge of aesthetic properties based solely upon testimony than it is in the case of other types of property. In this paper, I argue that we can provide an adequate explanation at the level of the semantics of aesthetic language, without defending any substantive thesis in epistemology or about aesthetic value/judgement. If aesthetic predicates are given a non-invariantist semantics, we can explain the s...

  6. Expert witness testimony in urology malpractice litigation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sunaryo, Peter L; Svider, Peter F; Jackson-Rosario, Imani; Eloy, Jean Anderson

    2014-04-01

    To evaluate the credentials of urologists choosing to testify as expert witnesses. As health care reform has become an increasingly important topic in national debate, medical malpractice and related issues have come to the forefront of topics for discussion by the medical community. Physicians are often recruited to testify as expert witnesses in malpractice cases. Defining what constitutes an expert in this setting has been an area of controversy. The Westlaw legal database was searched for medical malpractice litigation. Data regarding number of years of experience and practice setting were obtained for urologists using private practice and hospital listings, academic faculty profiles, and state medical licensing databases. Scholarly impact, as measured by the h-index, was calculated by the Scopus database. Plaintiff expert witnesses were found to have slightly more years of experience vs defendant expert witnesses (35.7 vs 32.2 years, P = .01), but had a lower h-index (6.8 vs 10.2, P = .03), were less likely to practice in the academic setting (39% vs 60%, P = .001), and were more likely to testify multiple times. Urologists testifying for plaintiffs and defendants both had over 30 years of experience on average, with those in the latter having slightly less experience. Defendant witnesses, however, had greater scholarly impact and were more likely to practice in an academic setting. Organizations such as the American Urological Association may wish to re-evaluate guidelines on expert witness testimony, particularly regarding those who testify frequently. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. Psychological expert witness testimony and judicial decision making trends.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shapiro, David L; Mixon, LeKisha; Jackson, Melissa; Shook, Jonathan

    2015-01-01

    Despite the establishment of the Daubert standard in 1993, the evidentiary criteria are rarely used as a basis for admissibility of expert witness testimony in the behavioral sciences. Ever since the promulgation of Frye and the Federal Rules of Evidence, controversy has surrounded the admissibility of expert testimony in courtrooms. There appears to be no existing uniform application of standards governing the admissibility of psychological expert witness testimony. Therefore, it is essential for the psycho-legal communities to explore judicial decision-making trends regarding psychological expert witness evidence. In this current research, psychological expert witness testimony and judicial decision-making will be explored. In preliminary examination, 97 criminal and civil case summaries from the LexisNexis Academic Database involved issues of admissibility. Analyses conducted by eight trained and paired coders revealed that reliability and assistance to the trier of fact were the most often cited reasons for admissibility in courts. Consistent with prior studies, it was also found that the most applied standards for admissibility of psychological evidence were the Federal Rules of Evidence. Interestingly, while the Daubert scientific criteria for admission of scientific testimony were mentioned, they were rarely utilized. A secondary analysis of 167 civil and criminal appellate cases indicated that the reliability of testimony (18% of all cases), ability to assist the trier of fact (17%), the expert witness' qualifications (17%), and the relevance of the testimony (16%) were the most commonly cited reasons for determining admissibility. A tertiary qualitative analysis focusing on these four categories then revealed eight major trends in admissibility of psychological expert evidence. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  8. Early testimonial learning: monitoring speech acts and speakers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stephens, Elizabeth; Suarez, Sarah; Koenig, Melissa

    2015-01-01

    Testimony provides children with a rich source of knowledge about the world and the people in it. However, testimony is not guaranteed to be veridical, and speakers vary greatly in both knowledge and intent. In this chapter, we argue that children encounter two primary types of conflicts when learning from speakers: conflicts of knowledge and conflicts of interest. We review recent research on children's selective trust in testimony and propose two distinct mechanisms supporting early epistemic vigilance in response to the conflicts associated with speakers. The first section of the chapter focuses on the mechanism of coherence checking, which occurs during the process of message comprehension and facilitates children's comparison of information communicated through testimony to their prior knowledge, alerting them to inaccurate, inconsistent, irrational, and implausible messages. The second section focuses on source-monitoring processes. When children lack relevant prior knowledge with which to evaluate testimonial messages, they monitor speakers themselves for evidence of competence and morality, attending to cues such as confidence, consensus, access to information, prosocial and antisocial behavior, and group membership. © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. Remembering to Forget: Testimony, Collective Memory and the ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Drawing on the proliferation of testimonies which emerged from the Truth Commission, in this text Krog actively contributes to the construction of collective memory. But, as Ernest Renan reminds us, although “the essence of a nation is that all individuals have many things in common” – and shared historical narratives are ...

  10. Oral testimonies as a source of community history, with special ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The value of oral testimonies as a source for researching and writing community history is investigated with special reference to the National Museum's Batho Project. The role of oral history and its contribution towards the study of community history as a sub-discipline of history is discussed. Oral history, community history ...

  11. Performing asylum : theatre of testimony in South Africa

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Maedza, P.

    2017-01-01

    This book is based on Pedzisai Maedza's Master's thesis 'Theatre of testimony: An investigation in devising asylum', winner of the African Studies Centre, Leiden's 2014 African Thesis Award. This annual award for Master's students encourages student research and writing on Africa and promotes the

  12. 37 CFR 2.125 - Filing and service of testimony.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Filing and service of testimony. 2.125 Section 2.125 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights UNITED STATES PATENT AND TRADEMARK OFFICE, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE RULES OF PRACTICE IN TRADEMARK CASES Procedure in Inter Partes Proceedings § 2.125...

  13. Transitivity And The Narrator's Role In Selected TRC Testimonies

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Information Technology

    This paper seeks to explore how two different narrators at a hearing of South Africa's Truth and Reconciliation Commission ... each testimony and prepared for the public hearing with the witness. On the day of the hearing ..... The police (the security cops, they, the dog unit, named individuals, etc.) – 37 clauses. Material. - 28.

  14. Testimony ceremonies in Asia: Integrating spirituality in testimonial therapy for torture survivors in India, Sri Lanka, Cambodia, and the Philippines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agger, Inger; Igreja, Victor; Kiehle, Rachel; Polatin, Peter

    2012-01-01

    This study explores the therapeutic implications of including culturally adapted spiritual ceremonies in the process of testimonial therapy for torture survivors in India, Sri Lanka, Cambodia, and the Philippines. Data were collected through an action research process with Asian mental health and human rights organizations, during which the testimonial method was reconceptualized and modified to include four sessions. In the first two sessions, community workers assist survivors in the writing of their testimony, which is their narrative about the human rights violations they have suffered. In the third session, survivors participate in an honour ceremony in which they are presented with their testimony documents. In the fourth session, the community workers meet with the survivors for a reevaluation of their well-being. The honour ceremonies developed during the action research process came to employ different kinds of symbolic language at each site: human rights (India), religious/Catholic (Sri Lanka), religious/Buddhist (Cambodia), and religious/Moslem (Philippines). They all used embodied spirituality in various forms, incorporating singing, dancing, and religious purification rituals in a collective gathering. We suggest that these types of ceremonies may facilitate an individual’s capacity to contain and integrate traumatic memories, promote restorative self-awareness, and engage community support. Additional research is needed to determine the method’s applicability in other sociopolitical contexts governed by more Western-oriented medical traditions. PMID:22637721

  15. Testimony ceremonies in Asia: integrating spirituality in testimonial therapy for torture survivors in India, Sri Lanka, Cambodia, and the Philippines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agger, Inger; Igreja, Victor; Kiehle, Rachel; Polatin, Peter

    2012-07-01

    This study explores the therapeutic implications of including culturally adapted spiritual ceremonies in the process of testimonial therapy for torture survivors in India, Sri Lanka, Cambodia, and the Philippines. Data were collected through an action research process with Asian mental health and human rights organizations, during which the testimonial method was reconceptualized and modified to include four sessions. In the first two sessions, community workers assist survivors in the writing of their testimony, which is their narrative about the human rights violations they have suffered. In the third session, survivors participate in an honour ceremony in which they are presented with their testimony documents. In the fourth session, the community workers meet with the survivors for a reevaluation of their well-being. The honour ceremonies developed during the action research process came to employ different kinds of symbolic language at each site: human rights (India), religious/Catholic (Sri Lanka), religious/Buddhist (Cambodia), and religious/Moslem (Philippines). They all used embodied spirituality in various forms, incorporating singing, dancing, and religious purification rituals in a collective gathering. We suggest that these types of ceremonies may facilitate an individual's capacity to contain and integrate traumatic memories, promote restorative self-awareness, and engage community support. Additional research is needed to determine the method's applicability in other sociopolitical contexts governed by more Western-oriented medical traditions.

  16. Battered women who kill: the impact of expert testimony and empathy induction in the courtroom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plumm, Karyn M; Terrance, Cheryl A

    2009-02-01

    Mock jurors (N = 312) viewed a simulated trial involving a woman, charged with the murder of her abusive husband, entering a plea of not guilty by reason of self-defense. Expert testimony was varied using battered woman syndrome, social agency framework, or no expert testimony. Within expert testimony conditions, jurors were presented with opening and closing statements either including or not including instructions aimed at inducing empathy. Results indicate differences in gender and expert testimony for ratings of guilt as well as differences in gender, expert testimony, and empathy induction for perceptions of the defendant.

  17. [The Testimony. Contributions to the Construction of Historical Memory].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roldán, Ismael

    2013-06-01

    Testimony is a complex act that contributes significantly to the elaboration of mourning, both individually and on a collective level. This is the central idea that is discussed in the text, using as a basis, the results of research conducted as a pilot intervention in the year 2010 for Visible Victims Foundation, and was then replicated in four other regions. In 1998 the National Liberation Army attacked the pipeline OCENSA causing severe damage to the people of Machuca (Segovia, Antioquia). In 2010 the psychologist Ligia Rascovsky implemented an intervention strategy to support the construction of individual and collective memory among survivors of the attack, who, in addition to serious injuries, suffered physical and psychosocial after effects such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The results of this work are used to understand the relevance of the testimony in the psychosocial recovery processes, which is a major challenge for Colombian society today. The type of study was psychosocial intervention in 43 adults of both sexes, Machuca residents who were affected by the bombing, and agreed to voluntarily participate in designed workshops. The workshops followed experiential type techniques (psychodrama, psycho-fantasies, etc.), in which the purpose was to identify the damage by developing testimonial memory of what happened. The workshops express the emotions of grief, recognize the injustice of suffering, fight memory defense that justifies violence and raising awareness of human rights. It also facilitated the process of dignity, empowerment and security in personal and collective reconstruction. In expressing their memoirs thus, they could be free from fear and gain more confidence in themselves as individuals and as a social group, as seen in the formation of individual leadership. These results are the basis of the discussion presented. In this context it has been found that the testimonial narrative is an instrument of personal and social healing

  18. Interact: A Mixed Reality Virtual Survivor for Holocaust Testimonies

    OpenAIRE

    Ma, Minhua; Coward, Sarah; Walker, Chris

    2015-01-01

    In this paper we present Interact---a mixed reality virtual survivor for Holocaust education. It was created to preserve the powerful and engaging experience of listening to, and interacting with, Holocaust survivors, allowing future generations of audience access to their unique stories. Interact demonstrates how advanced filming techniques, 3D graphics and natural language processing can be integrated and applied to specially-recorded testimonies to enable users to ask questions and receive...

  19. Trauma, memory, testimony: phenomenological, psychological, and ethical perspectives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia Welz

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available How can severely traumatized persons re-present the past and its impact on the present if (due to blackout, repression, or dissociation they could not witness what they went through, or can hardly recall it? Drawing on Holocaust testimonies, this article explores the crisis of witnessing constituted by the Shoah and, more generally, problems of integrating and communicating traumatic experiences. Phenomenological, psychological, and ethical perspectives contribute to a systematic investigation of the relation between trauma, memory and testimony. I will argue that preserving personal continuity across the gap between past and present presupposes not only an ‘inner witness’ – which can, according to a long philosophical tradition, be identified with a person’s conscience – but also a social context in which one is addressed and can respond. An attentive listener can bear witness to the witness by accepting the assignation of responsibility implied in testimonial interaction, and thereby support the dialogic restitution of memory and identity.

  20. DO TESTIMONIES OF TRAUMATIC EVENTS DIFFER DEPENDING ON THE INTERVIEWER?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ulrike Ehlert

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available While differences in witness narratives due to different interviewers may have implications for their credibility in court, this study considers how investigative interviews by different parties to the proceedings, as well as the gender and nationality of interviewers, can influence the testimony of witnesses in court who share comparable traumatic experiences. The foundation of the analysis was answers given to judges, prosecutors, civil party lawyers and defence lawyers in the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia (ECCC located in Phnom Penh. Transcribed testimonies of 24 victim witnesses and civil parties which were translated from Khmer into English were analysed using a computer-based text analysis program, the Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count (LIWC. Results showed that when answering questions by females, witnesses used significantly more cognitive process words. When interviewed by international rather than by Cambodian parties to the proceeding witness accounts were composed of significantly more verbal expressions of affective processes and of perceptual processes. Furthermore, witnesses used most cognitive and affective process words during the interview by civil party lawyers and defence lawyers. These results may be due to a prior supportive relationship between civil parties and their lawyers and due to a more interrogative question style by the defence lawyers, who attempt to undermine the credibility of the interviewed witnesses. Data shows that LIWC analysis is an appropriate method to examine witness accounts and, therefore, contributes to a better understanding of the complex relationship between testimony in events under litigation and credibility.

  1. Judicial judgement-making and legal criteria of testimonial credibility

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dolores Seijo

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Judicial judgement-making in legal and forensic settings is characterised by the information loss model. In comparison to formal reasoning styles, in which information is processed in detail, judicial reasoning styles are mainly informal. Moreover, the experimental literature regarding judges and juries has revealed that reliability is the corner stone of legal judgement-making in legal contexts. This study aims to assess the underlying legal criteria assigned to the credibility of testimonies by judges by evaluating the court archives of judicial judgements in which the verdict rested entirely on the credibility of testimonies. Moreover, given the prevalence of informal reasoning in this context, an analysis was undertaken to determine the use of heuristics which are indicative of informal reasoning. In addition, an analysis of the interaction of both variables and their effect on joint decision-making by legal experts and lay people was assessed. Finally, bearing in mind the limitations of this study, the results are discussed in terms of their implications in the evaluation of testimonial credibility in judicial proceedings.

  2. Accumulated Testimony: Layering French Girls’ Diaries on the Algerian Exodus

    OpenAIRE

    Amy L Hubbell

    2014-01-01

    In 1997, French-Algerian author Leïla Sebbar published an illustrated children’s book, J’étais enfant en Algérie, juin 1962 (‘I was a child in Algeria, June 1962’) in which she creates the fictional account of a young girl from the interior of Algeria leaving her home during the great exodus of the French just prior to Algerian independence. Using the genre of diary writing, Sebbar’s text reads as testimonial of fleeing their country for a homeland they do not know. Although this text is ...

  3. Reproductive Travel to Ghana: Testimonies, Transnational Relationships, and Stratified Reproduction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gerrits, Trudie

    2018-01-15

    In this article, I address reproductive travel to Ghana, based on research conducted in two private fertility clinics. Both clinics attract clients from West African countries as well as Ghanaian people living in the US and Europe. Their motivations to visit these clinics include positive "testimonies" about treatment results, "bioavailability" of matching donor material and surrogates, lower treatment costs and the circumvention of restricting regulations in the country of residence. Communication technologies are central in facilitating reproductive travel. Finally, I argue that the "international choreographies" of reproductive travel are co-shaped by the unique biographies and transnational relationships of the people involved.

  4. A HOLISTIC MODEL FOR THE EVALUATION OF THE TESTIMONY (HELPT

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    Antonio L. Manzanero

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available A proposed protocol for evaluating the statements and identifications made by the potential victims of crimes is presented in this paper. The protocol, called HELPT, is part of a holistic approach to evaluating the testimony that takes into account all of the possible factors of influence: encoding, retention and recovery. Among these factors, the following will be relevant: a the ability of victims to testify, as well as cognitive processes of attention, perception, memory and language; b the specific characteristics of the offence; c the history of the event and its consequences; d other factors that might affect the quality and accuracy of the statements and identifications, such as the number of times the victim had to tell what happened, the methods used to obtain the story and possibilities of suggestion. The method includes specific procedures for exhaustive analysis of the testimonies and for the formulation and testing of hypotheses (Scott & Manzanero, 2015, the evaluation of the competence to testify (Contreras, Silva, & Manzanero, 2015 and the obtaining of statements (González, Muñoz, Sotoca, & Manzanero, 2013.

  5. 46 CFR 401.630 - Appearance, testimony, and cross-examination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Appearance, testimony, and cross-examination. 401.630 Section 401.630 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES... Registration § 401.630 Appearance, testimony, and cross-examination. (a) The U.S. Registered Pilot may appear...

  6. Expert testimony regarding child witnesses: does it sensitize jurors to forensic interview quality?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buck, Julie A; London, Kamala; Wright, Daniel B

    2011-04-01

    Does expert testimony on forensic interviews with children help adults distinguish between poorly conducted and well-conducted interviews? This study evaluates the effects of social framework expert testimony regarding child witnesses in a case involving allegations of child sexual abuse. A 2 (Expert Testimony: present or absent) × 3 (Child Forensic Interview Quality: poor, typical, or good) × 2 (Child's Age: 4- or 10-year-old) factorial design was used to examine whether expert testimony is prejudicial or beneficial to jurors (N = 463). The results revealed that, without expert testimony, mock jurors did not consider the forensic interview quality when reaching a verdict. However, with expert testimony, mock jurors were more likely to render guilty verdicts if the interview quality was good versus poor. Further expert testimony increased mock jurors' knowledge about child witnesses. These findings suggest that expert testimony related to the impact of interview techniques on the reliability of children's reports may assist fact-finders in evaluating child abuse cases.

  7. The effects of rational and experiential information processing of expert testimony in death penalty cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krauss, Daniel A; Lieberman, Joel D; Olson, Jodi

    2004-01-01

    Past research examining the effects of actuarial and clinical expert testimony on defendants' dangerousness in Texas death penalty sentencing has found that jurors are more influenced by less scientific pure clinical expert testimony and less influenced by more scientific actuarial expert testimony (Krauss & Lee, 2003; Krauss & Sales, 2001). By applying cognitive-experiential self-theory (CEST) to juror decision-making, the present study was undertaken in an attempt to offer a theoretical rationale for these findings. Based on past CEST research, 163 mock jurors were either directed into a rational mode or experiential mode of processing. Consistent with CEST and inconsistent with previous research using the same stimulus materials, results demonstrate that jurors in a rational mode of processing more heavily weighted actuarial expert testimony in their dangerousness assessments, while those jurors in the experiential condition were more influenced by clinical expert testimony. The policy implications of these findings are discussed. Copyright 2004 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  8. Bleeding Mud: The Testimonial Poetry of Hurricane Mitch in Nicaragua

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    Erin S Finzer

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Beginning with Rubén Darío, Nicaragua has long prided itself in being a country of poets. During the Sandinista Revolution, popular poetry workshops dispatched by Minister of Culture Ernesto Cardenal taught peasants and soldiers to write poetry about everyday life and to use poetry as a way to work through trauma from the civil war. When Hurricane Mitch--one of the first superstorms that heralded climate change--brought extreme flooding to Nicaragua in 1998, poetry again served as a way for victims to process the devastation. Examining testimonial poetry from Hurricane Mitch, this article shows how the mud and despair of this environmental disaster function as palimpsests of conquest and imperial oppression.

  9. Industrial/organizational psychology and the federal judiciary: expert witness testimony and the Daubert standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wingate, Peter H; Thornton, George C

    2004-02-01

    This research examined judicial perceptions of the field of industrial/organizational (I/O) psychology, explored how judges evaluate and weigh I/O psychology expert witness testimony, and scrutinized the use of the Daubert factors in judicial assessments (of social scientific evidentiary reliability. In a mail survey, federal judges were randomly presented with one of four prototypical descriptions of I/O psychology expert witness testimony in civil age discrimination in employment litigation. Judges were found to be relatively unfamiliar with the field of I/O psychology, and few had previously heard or read the testimony of an I/O psychologist. Sixty-six percent of the federal judges rated themselves at least moderately likely to admit the expert's testimony at trial, regardless of the testimony scenario presented. Judges rated the evidence overall as relevant, moderately reliable, moderately probative, and prejudicial. Both judicial familiarity with the field of I/O psychology and prior experience with I/O testimony were found to be positively related to likelihood of admitting the evidence. Manipulations of the scientific foundation for the expert testimony did not substantially affect admission decision. Judges ascribed the most importance to the general acceptance Daubert factor in their evaluation of evidentiary reliability. Implications for the science and practice of I/O psychology in the legal system are presented and discussed.

  10. 78 FR 9336 - Production of FHFA Records, Information, and Employee Testimony in Legal Proceedings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-08

    ... proceedings, or compromise constitutional rights; (j) Production of the records, information, or testimony... operations. This part does not create any right or benefit, substantive or procedural, that a party may rely...

  11. The impact of Daubert on the admissibility of forensic anthropology expert testimony.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lesciotto, Kate M

    2015-05-01

    Forensic anthropologists anticipated a significant impact from the 1993 Supreme Court Daubert decision, which addressed the standard of admissibility for expert testimony. In response, many forensic articles cited Daubert in the search for objective techniques or a critique of established subjective methods. This study examines challenges to forensic anthropological expert testimony to evaluate whether Daubert has actually affected the admissibility of such testimony. Thirty cases were identified that addressed the admissibility of the testimony, including 14 cases prior to Daubert and 16 after Daubert. Examination of these cases indicates that post-Daubert cases do not result in more exclusions. Yet, this lack of exclusions may instead be viewed as a manifestation of the field's overall surge toward more objective and quantifiable techniques in a self-regulating response to Daubert. © 2015 American Academy of Forensic Sciences.

  12. Production Conditions of a kidnapping-testimonial literature boom in Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karen Lorena Romero Leal

    2017-01-01

    Alvaro Uribe, a period in which the farc became the enemy of the nation; therefore, the testimony denouncing their crimes echoed massively in privately owned media and in general in Colombian public opinion.

  13. Battered woman syndrome testimony in Canada: its development and lingering issues.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tang, Kwong-leung

    2003-12-01

    This article examines the status of battered woman syndrome (BWS) testimony in Canadian courts and assesses the impact of the leading decision, Regina (R.) v. Lavallee. Acknowledging the test of reasonableness in criminal trials was constructed on a male model, the Supreme Court in Lavallee corrected the gendered interpretation of women in abusive relationships by admitting the BWS evidence. Feminist legal scholars questioned whether Lavallee had succeeded in dispelling the stereotypes around battered women. These concerns were partially addressed in R. v. Malott, but some tough issues remain: applying the reasonableness test to women of color and the narrow base of BWS evidence. Some directions are discussed: discarding BWS testimony, framing a redefined and expanded BWS testimony, introducing a new defense based on self-preservation, and adopting an alternative interpretative frame such as "coercive control." The strengthening of BWS testimony would call for the judges' referencing of latest empirical research on battered women.

  14. Expert testimony pertaining to battered woman syndrome: its impact on jurors' decisions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schuller, Regina A; Rzepa, Sara

    2002-12-01

    Participants (N = 200) were presented with a criminal homicide trial involving a battered woman who had killed her abuser. Within the trial, both the response history (passive, active) and presence of expert testimony pertaining to battered woman syndrome (present, absent) were systematically varied. As well, half of the participants in each of these conditions were provided with a nullification instruction informing them that they were free to disregard the law and acquit should a strict application of the law result in an unjust verdict. Results indicated that, compared to the passive response condition, the mock jurors were no less receptive to the expert testimony in the active response condition. The impact of the testimony on participants' verdicts, however, was moderated by the nullification instruction. That is, although the presence of the testimony did result in greater verdict leniency, this only occurred when the mock jurors had been released from a strict application of the law. The implications of these findings are discussed.

  15. Comprehension, Acceptance and Justification: Applying pragmatics to the epistemology of testimony

    OpenAIRE

    Pedersen, Kim Phillips

    2014-01-01

    The main question discussed in current debates about the epistemology of testimony concerns whether the justification of testimonial beliefs is inferential or non-inferential. This thesis offers a novel argument for inferentialism, the former view. It does so through, firstly, assuming a widely shared view about the psychology of comprehension – the inferential model of communication – along with widely shared views about the epistemic basing relation and inferential justification, and then, ...

  16. Does company compliance with RS-17 influence the characterization of a casual nexus in expert testimony?

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    Manuela Ribeiro

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To examine whether company compliance with RS-17 influences the characterization of the casual nexus in physical therapists' expert reports of cumulative trauma disorders in the labor court of Pernambuco, Brazil. Method: The sample was composed of seven physical therapists who provided expert testimony regarding cumulative trauma disorder cases in the labor court of Pernambuco, Brazil. Data collection was performed across two stages. In the first stage, the experts answered a sociodemographic survey and requested the identification numbers of recent cases where expert testimony was provided to characterize the causal nexus. In the second stage, the researchers went to the labor court to collect expert testimony data. These experts indicated that of 75 total cases, 31% (N=23 of the companies fulfilled RS-17, whereas 69% (N=52 did not comply with the law. Results: Among the organizations that complied with legislation, 30% of the analyzed expert testimonies showed a positive causal nexus. However, of the companies that did not comply with RS-17, 71% of the expert testimonies revealed a causal nexus. These results indicate that the breach of the law increases the probability that a causal nexus will be determined by 54.8%. Conclusion: The results showed that failure to comply with RS-17 significantly increases the probability that a causal nexus will be determined in physical therapists' expert testimony of cumulative trauma disorders.

  17. Il valore della testimonianza – The Value of Testimony

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    Nicla Vassallo

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available The following text is from my book Teoria della conoscenza published by Laterza some years ago. I have chosen to offer it here, in memory of my friend and colleague Flavio Baroncelli, for three basic reasons. First of all, more than twenty years ago, Flavio offered to be the supervisor of my graduate thesis on an epistemological theme in modern philosophy. I have not forgotten that possibility and have in recent times come to reflect upon both the type of epistemology and the philosophers that were beloved by Flavio. The text which follows these introductory remarks is a testament to this. Secondly, when he knew that I was interested in the epistemology of testimony, Flavio urged me to go on, because of the importance of that topic not only for general epistemology, but also for many other branches of philosophy. Thirdly, on the occasion of the publication of Teoria della conoscenza, Flavio participated on the round table in which it was presented to the public and had something like this to say: "I read the whole book with the same breath, as it was a detective story". In his memory, I cannot but hope to write other "detective stories".

  18. Accumulated Testimony: Layering French Girls’ Diaries on the Algerian Exodus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amy L Hubbell

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available In 1997, French-Algerian author Leïla Sebbar published an illustrated children’s book, J’étais enfant en Algérie, juin 1962 (‘I was a child in Algeria, June 1962’ in which she creates the fictional account of a young girl from the interior of Algeria leaving her home during the great exodus of the French just prior to Algerian independence. Using the genre of diary writing, Sebbar’s text reads as testimonial of fleeing their country for a homeland they do not know. Although this text is intimate, Sebbar relies on accumulated scraps of collective experience that, when joined to her own, fill in the absence of her homeland. In 2013, French artist Nicole Guiraud published her personal diaries kept before and during her exodus from Algeria from April to July 1962. Her raw representation of traumatic upheaval is couched in a rich paratext including artwork, photographs, and German translations, that simultaneously intensifies her account and distracts the reader from the extreme pain behind her words. In this article I demonstrate how fictional and real accounts published in very different historical contexts convey the exodus experienced by almost one million individuals and how each author deploys a layering technique to simultaneously draw in and distance the reader from extraordinarily painful personal experience.

  19. Credibility assessment of testimonies provided by victims with intellectual disabilities

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    Antonio L. MANZANERO

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available One of the main obstacles in the way of access to justice for the victims with intellectual disability comes from the stereotypes referred to their ability to produce a statement at police legal procedures, with the consequence that some consider their statements less reliable than the rest of the victims, and others considerate their statements more reliable given their inability to create complex lies. This article reviews three of the most recent studies done by the UCM group of Psychology of Testimony, with the objective of analyzing the role of experience and intuition in the evaluation of credibility in people with intellectual disability (ID, and also it aims to prove whether the credibility analysis procedures such as Reality Monitoring (RM and Statement Validity Assessment (SVA would be valid procedures to discriminate between real and false statements within these collectives. From the results of these studies, it can be deducted that experience may not seem to be enough in order to discriminate between real and simulated victims, but analyzing the characteristics of the statements as the only indicator doesn’t seem to be enough either. As an alternative, the general procedure HELPT is proposed for the evaluation of credibility of people with ID.

  20. Effect evaluation of a road safety education program based on victim testimonials in high schools in Belgium

    OpenAIRE

    Cuenen, Ariane; Brijs, Kris; Brijs, Tom; Van Vlierden, Karin; Daniels, Stijn; Wets, Geert

    2016-01-01

    For several decades policy makers worldwide have experimented with testimonials as a strategy to promote road safety supportive views in a wide variety of target populations such as recidivists and students. In its basic format, a (relative of) a victim or an offender brings a personal testimonial of what it is to experience a traffic accident. The underlying idea is that such a testimonial will emotionally affect participants, thereby stimulating them to cognitively reflect upon their own be...

  1. Testimonial therapy. A pilot project to improve psychological wellbeing among survivors of torture in India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agger, Inger; Raghuvanshi, Lenin; Shabana, Shirin; Polatin, Peter; Laursen, Laila K

    2009-01-01

    In developing countries where torture is perpetrated, there are few resources for the provision of therapeutic assistance to the survivors. The testimonial method represents a brief cross-cultural psychosocial approach to trauma, which is relatively easy to master. The method was first described in Chile in 1983 and has since been used in many variations in different cultural contexts. In this project the method has been supplemented by culture-specific coping strategies (meditation and a delivery ceremony). A pilot training project was undertaken between Rehabilitation and Research Centre for Torture victims (RCT) in Copenhagen, Denmark, and People's Vigilance Committee for Human Rights (PVCHR) in Varanasi, India, to investigate the usefulness of the testimonial method. The project involved the development of a community-based testimonial method, training of twelve PVCHR community workers, the development of a manual, and a monitoring and evaluation (M&E) system comparing results of measures before the intervention and two to three months after the intervention. Twenty-three victims gave their testimonies under supervision. In the two first sessions the testimony was written and in the third session survivors participated in a delivery ceremony. The human rights activists and community workers interviewed the survivors about how they felt after the intervention. After testimonial therapy, almost all survivors demonstrated significant improvements in overall WHO-five Well-being Index (WHO-5) score. Four out of the five individual items improved by at least 40%. Items from the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) showed less significant change, possibly because the M&E questionnaire had not been well understood by the community workers, or due to poor wording, formulation and/or validation of the questions. All survivors expressed satisfaction with the process, especially the public delivery ceremony, which apparently became a

  2. Narrative characteristics of genocide testimonies predict posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms years later.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ng, Lauren C; Ahishakiye, Naphtal; Miller, Donald E; Meyerowitz, Beth E

    2015-05-01

    Cognitive theories of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) suggest that trauma narratives that make greater use of somatosensory, perceptual, and negative emotion words may be indicators of greater risk of PTSD symptoms (Ehlers & Clark, 2000). The purpose of this study was to analyze whether the way that survivors of the 1994 Rwandan Genocide against the Tutsi naturally construct genocide testimonies predicts PTSD symptoms 6 years later. One hundred orphaned heads of household (OHH) who were members of a community association gave testimonies about their genocide experiences in 2002. In 2008, PTSD symptoms of 61 of the original OHH were assessed using a genocide-specific version of the Impact of Events Scale-Revised (Weiss & Marmar, 1997). Experienced genocide events were coded from the genocide testimonies, and the types of words used in the testimonies were analyzed using the Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count program (Pennebaker, Chung, Ireland, Gonzales, & Booth, 2007). Pearson correlations and path analyses assessed the relationships between variables. After accounting for genocide events, touching positively predicted avoidance, and sadness negatively predicted hyperarousal. Sensory descriptions of traumatic experiences in trauma narratives may signify higher risk for mental health problems whereas expressions of sadness may indicate emotional processing and better mental health. Analyzing genocide testimonies may help identify survivors at the highest risk of developing PTSD symptoms, even among a group of survivors who have arguably suffered some of the most severe genocide experiences. (c) 2015 APA, all rights reserved).

  3. MEMORY AND LANGUAGE IN TESTIMONIES OF 3- TO 6- YEAR OLD CHILDREN

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    Eva A. Silva

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The testimony of pre-school children is, in many cases, the main and only evidence in criminal proceedings. Memory and language are two main components in the statement of the child and they require special analysis, not only because of the important role they play, but also because of the relationship between the two capacities. The vulnerability of memory and its ability to be altered by suggestions, as well as the variability of language development in the 3- to 6-year-old child, are two factors that influence the collection of testimony. These factors, together with the interviewer’s skill in adapting the interview to the child, may obtain reliable information that is free of subjectivity and that will facilitate the investigation of the allegations. This article presents an overview of both capabilities, language and memory, from the perspective of child witness testimony as evidence in criminal proceedings.

  4. [Historical connection between memory and testimony psychology by an experimental study of Seiichi Terada in Japan].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wakabayashi, Kosuke; Sato, Tatsuya

    2012-08-01

    In Japan, Seiichi Terada (1884-1922) was the first psychologist who applied psychological knowledge to the field of law, working in collaboration with the law professor Eiich Makino (1878-1970). Terada's work was mainly in the tradition of clinical psychology, although in his 1915 paper titled "How useful are testimonies?" he described a set of seven experiments concerned with the empirical relationship between eyewitness testimony and memory. This is probably the first experimental study of law and psychology carried out in Japan. This article introduces Terada's history as a psychologist, and his collaboration with Makino, followed by explanation of their experiments. Finally, we discuss perspectives on testimony research in consideration of Terada's approach.

  5. Subalternidad y contrahegemonía en la narrativa testimonial kichwa de la sierra norte del Ecuador

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gómez Rendón, J.

    2013-01-01

    Testimonial narratives are a discursive gender of subaltern subjects who exert through it their right to express their own voices and represent themselves in parallel to dominant discourses. Testimonial narratives construct their elements on the basis of particular linguistic mechanisms. A previous

  6. A Preliminary Investigation of the Effects of Giving Testimony and Learning Yogic Breathing Techniques on Battered Women's Feelings of Depression

    Science.gov (United States)

    Franzblau, Susan H.; Echevarria, Sonia; Smith, Michelle; Van Cantfort, Thomas E.

    2008-01-01

    Researchers have shown that mood and sense of control over one's life are significantly affected by testimony and other forms of disclosure and that learning to control breathing has positive effects on mood and anxiety. This preliminary experiment tests whether African American and European American abused women who give testimony about their…

  7. Show or tell: testimony is sufficient to induce the curse of knowledge in three- and four-year-olds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhandari, Keera; Barth, Hilary

    2010-02-01

    Because much of what children learn extends beyond their first-hand experience, they are reliant upon the testimony of others to acquire information about aspects of the world they have not experienced directly. Here we asked whether testimony alone would be sufficient to induce cognitive biases in knowledge attribution that have been observed when children acquire information through direct observation. A total of 80 three- and four-year-old children were tested on a "curse of knowledge" task to assess their inability to override their own knowledge when asked to assess the knowledge of a nave other. In the present study, we tested children's ability to override knowledge gained through testimony rather than knowledge gained through visual experience. Testimony alone was sufficient to induce the curse of knowledge in three- and four-year-olds. Knowledge obtained through the testimony of others is apparently subject to some of the same cognitive biases that are present when children learn through observation.

  8. Autobiographical memories in testimonies of WWII Veterans with dementia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tricia Olea Santos

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available This study is a continuation of investigations of personal narratives of healthy older adults and those with aphasia. It focuses on autobiographical memories in testimonies of elderly WWII veterans with dementia, with particular emphasis on emotional events that occurred at the time of their memory peak. This study describes how declines in memory affect changes in language in narratives of memorable experiences at the time in old age when life review is typically experienced. Ten WWII veterans with dementia were selected from a larger study of healthy elderly veterans. Participants were between the ages of 86-91 years old, with the majority obtaining higher education. Based on the Arizona Battery for Communication Disorders of Dementia, participants demonstrated dementia of mild-to-moderate severity. Semi-structured interviews were conducted to elicit memorable war experiences. Modifications to the interview were made, such as the use of photos to set the topic and occasional closed-ended questions to facilitate responses. Information was recorded and analyzed in terms of the amount and specificity of linguistic information, overall coherence of narratives, and the evaluations of memorable war experiences. The participants were not able to produce complete narratives; they instead relayed short episodes of their war experiences. Difficulties with semantic and episodic memory were reflected in the reduced length of their stories. Anomia was inherent in these episodes, as evidenced by the absence of specific names, dates and places. Lack of specificity was exhibited in reduced details and the use of nonspecific referents, such as “thing,” “stuff,” “there.” Participants produced coherent short story episodes. Coherence in episodic structure was maintained by the ability to relate events in a temporal sequence. Repetition was a strategy that served essential functions of emphasizing a point and/or clarifying breakdowns in communication

  9. Discourse as a measure for reality : Explaining readership faith in false testimony

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Faber, A.S.C.

    2016-01-01

    The Holocaust formed the backdrop for a great variety of narratives, ranging from testimonies of the likes of Primo Levi and Elie Wiesel to popular books like Sarah's Key and The Baker's Daughter. An interesting fringe phenomenon of the infinite amount of stories that address this subject is the

  10. Germs and Angels: The Role of Testimony in Young Children's Ontology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harris, Paul L.; Pasquini, Elisabeth S.; Duke, Suzanne; Asscher, Jessica J.; Pons, Francisco

    2006-01-01

    In three experiments, children's reliance on other people's testimony as compared to their own, first-hand experience was assessed in the domain of ontology. Children ranging from 4 to 8 years were asked to judge whether five different types of entity exist: real entities (e.g. cats, trees) whose existence is evident to everyone; scientific…

  11. Courtroom Practice Guidelines for School Psychologists: Expert Testimony and Report Writing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stumme, James M.

    The monograph is intended to help school psychologists understand the special procedures, techniques, and considerations necessary for providing effective courtroom interventions, specifically expert testimony and written reports. Beginning with an explanation of lay and expert witnesses, the monograph goes on to stress the importance of pretrial…

  12. Service to the South African society through prophetic testimony as a liturgical act

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    Ben J. de Klerk

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available It is suggested that a clear prophetic voice of the congregational gathering could change the society to which the congregants belong. The problem is that this prophetic voice seems to have disappeared in many cases. A solution might be found if the point of view is taken that the prophetic voice in the congregational gathering is heard in the liturgical acts or rites. In the science of Liturgy attention must be given to the revitalisation of the gift of prophesy. In this article the prophetic testimony of the Old Testament prophets and of the Prophet, Jesus Christ, were used as sources. Following in the footsteps of Brueggemann, an effort will be made to establish in relevant scripture passages what the attitude and practise of prophetic testimony should be. The possibility of rendering service through prophetic testimony as a liturgical act in the South African society is wide open. Prophetic testimony serves to criticise the dominant perception in order to dismantle it, but is also serves to energise persons and communities by its promise of another time and situation towards which the community of faith could move.

  13. Higher Education Benefits for Post-9/11 Military Service Members and Veterans. Testimony. CT-428

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonzalez, Gabriella C.; Miller, Laura L.; Buryk, Peter; Wenger, Jennie W.

    2015-01-01

    This testimony was presented before the House Veterans' Affairs Committee, Subcommittee on Economic Opportunity on March 17, 2015. To inform the Subcommittee hearing on the Department of Veterans Affairs' administration of its education programs, and the educational and training needs of post-9/11 veterans, the presenters offered the statement in…

  14. Undermining Reasonableness: Expert Testimony in a Case Involving a Battered Woman Who Kills

    Science.gov (United States)

    Terrance, Cheryl; Matheson, Kimberly

    2003-01-01

    Student participants (N = 316) viewed a videotaped simulated case involving a woman who had entered a self-defense plea in the shooting death of her abusive husband. As successful claims of self-defense rest on the portrayal of a defendant who has responded reasonably to his/her situation, the implications of various forms of expert testimony in…

  15. The credibility of recovered memory testimony: exploring the effects of alleged victim and perpetrator gender.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bornstein, B H; Muller, S L

    2001-11-01

    The purpose was to explore the effects of victim/complainant and perpetrator/defendant gender on the impact of recovered memory testimony in criminal sexual abuse trials. A jury simulation methodology was used. Two hundred forty-six participants read a summary of a sexual abuse trial in which the following three variables were manipulated: the complainant's gender, the defendant's gender, and whether the complainant's memory of the alleged abuse had been "recovered" or remembered all along. Participants reached a verdict and rated the culpability and credibility of the parties. Compared to a case where the memory of the abuse had always been remembered, recovered memory testimony led to lower perceptions of the defendant's culpability and higher perceptions of the defendant's credibility. In addition, the complainant with recovered memory was viewed as less credible and less likely to be telling the truth. These effects of testimony type (i.e., recovered vs. remembered) were qualified by an interaction with complainant and defendant gender, such that testimony type exerted an effect in cases of alleged heterosexual but not homosexual abuse. The results suggest that mock jurors' judgments in sexual abuse cases reflect their stereotypes about sexual abuse and expectations regarding the relative likelihood of repression in various circumstances.

  16. Children on the Homefront: The Experiences of Children from Military Families. Testimony. CT-341

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chandra, Anita

    2010-01-01

    This testimony was presented before the House Armed Services Committee, Subcommittee on Military Personnel on March 9, 2010. It discusses the findings from the study "Children on the Homefront: The Experience of Children from Military Families." This study provided important data on the well-being of military children and quantitatively…

  17. The Voice of the Innocent: Propaganda and Childhood Testimonies of War

    Science.gov (United States)

    de La Ferrière, Alexis Artaud

    2014-01-01

    Childhood testimonies have become a familiar component of war reporting and peace advocacy through the publication of children's drawings, oral descriptions of wartime trauma and wartime writing. While such practices have the merit of publicising children's experiences, it is also the case that the selection and distribution of these materials is…

  18. The "Employer Engagement Cycle" in Secondary Education: Analysing the Testimonies of Young British Adults

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Steven; Mann, Anthony; Morris, Katy

    2016-01-01

    Work experience placements are mandatory in the UK for all young people aged 16-18 in education, and their employability effects and associated wage premia are well noted in the literature. Through Bourdieu's lens, this article analyses and conceptualises a unique data set of reflective testimonies submitted in response to a YouGov survey of over…

  19. The effects of integrating instrumental and affective arguments in rhetorical and testimonial health messages.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keer, Mario; van den Putte, Bas; de Wit, John; Neijens, Peter

    2013-01-01

    Recent research highlights the superior influence of affect over cognition in health decision making. The present study examined the independent and combined effects of 2 message characteristics that are thought to tap into the cognition-affect distinction: message format (rhetorical vs. testimonial) and argument type (instrumental vs. affective). In this 2 × 2 experiment, 81 college students were randomly assigned to 1 of 4 health messages discouraging binge drinking. The results indicated that messages containing affective arguments were judged more positively and perceived as more effective than were messages containing instrumental arguments. The results further revealed an interaction effect between message format and argument type. Testimonials were more persuasive when they contained affective arguments than when they contained instrumental arguments. Type of arguments did not influence the efficacy of rhetorical messages. Mediation analyses revealed that instrumental arguments reduce the efficacy of testimonials because they prevent individuals from being transported into the story, and increase psychological reactance. In conclusion, testimonial messages more effectively discourage binge drinking among college students when they contain affective, as opposed to instrumental, arguments.

  20. 37 CFR 2.123 - Trial testimony in inter partes cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Trial testimony in inter partes cases. 2.123 Section 2.123 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights UNITED STATES PATENT AND TRADEMARK OFFICE, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE RULES OF PRACTICE IN TRADEMARK CASES Procedure in Inter Partes Proceedings...

  1. 37 CFR 2.121 - Assignment of times for taking testimony.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Assignment of times for taking testimony. 2.121 Section 2.121 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights UNITED STATES PATENT AND TRADEMARK OFFICE, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE RULES OF PRACTICE IN TRADEMARK CASES Procedure in Inter Partes...

  2. Representing narrative and testimonial knowledge in sense-making software for crime analysis.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Braak, S.W. van den; Oostendorp, H. van; Prakken, H.; Vreeswijk, G.A.W.

    2008-01-01

    In the AVERs sense-making tool for crime analysis different types of information are represented in different ways. More precisely, narrative knowledge is represented in an explanatory direction and testimonial knowledge in an indicative direction. This paper shows that this distinction agrees with

  3. Building Blocks for a Strong Preschool to Early Elementary Education System. Testimony. CT-372

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karoly, Lynn A.

    2012-01-01

    This testimony was presented before the Committe of the Whole Council of the District of Columbia on February 16, 2012. Experts in child development have long known that the earliest years of a child's life are a critical period of development across a range of domains: physical, socio-emotional, behavioral, and cognitive (Shonkoff and Phillips,…

  4. Development of Afterlife Beliefs in Childhood: Relationship to Parent Beliefs and Testimony

    Science.gov (United States)

    Misailidi, Plousia; Kornilaki, Ekaterina N.

    2015-01-01

    This study examined the development of children's reasoning about the afterlife and its relationship with parental afterlife beliefs and testimony. A total of 123 children aged 5, 7, and 10 years were read a story describing the events that led to a person's death. After hearing the story, children were asked questions about the dead agent's…

  5. Perceptions of industry responsibility and tobacco control policy by US tobacco company executives in trial testimony.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaiton, Michael; Ferrence, Roberta; LeGresley, Eric

    2006-12-01

    Trial testimony from the United States provides a unique opportunity to examine strategies of the American tobacco industry. This paper examines congruence between the arguments for tobacco control policy presented by representatives of the American tobacco industry at trial and the stages of responsibility associated with corporate social responsibility principles in other industries. Trial testimony collected and coded by the Deposition and Trial Testimony Archive (DATTA). All available testimony was gathered from representative senior staff from major tobacco companies: Brown & Williamson, Philip Morris, RJ Reynolds, and Liggett. Transcripts from each witness selected were collected and imported in text format into WinMax, a qualitative data program. The documents were searched for terms relating to tobacco control policies, and relevant terms were extracted. A hand search of the documents was also conducted by reading through the testimony. Inferred responsibility for various tobacco control policies (health information, second-hand smoking, youth smoking) was coded. The level of responsibility for tobacco control policy varied according to the maturity of the issue. For emerging issues, US tobacco company representatives expressed defensiveness while, for more mature issues, such as youth smoking, they showed increased willingness to deal with the issue. This response to social issues is consistent with corporate social responsibility strategies in other industries. While other industries use corporate social responsibility programmes to address social issues to protect their core business product, the fundamental social issue with tobacco is the product itself. As such, the corporate nature of tobacco companies is a structural obstacle to reducing harm caused by tobacco use.

  6. War in Colombia testimonial literature: between memory, culture, violence and literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Eduardo Suárez Gómez

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Colombia may be characterized as a society ruled over by “a routinization of war and oblivion”. When memories about violent events succeed in articulate themselves and transcend the private space, they are not necessarily incorporated to national memory through “memory policies” in transitional processes. These memories are “deposited” rather than discussed. Testimonial literature is one of those “deposits”. There are times when certain topics, witnesses, authors and narrative treatments attain an unexpected relevance. Such a relevance follows national factors, like the dynamics of conflict and society in Colombia and abroad, such as a “turn to past”. When making a survey across the development of the testimonial genre from mid-20th century Violence up to our times, the gravitation of several cultures of memory is made evident in a society where oblivion appears to prevail.

  7. Kontra-Diskurso: Testimonial Narratives of Filipino Workers in a Foreign Company

    OpenAIRE

    Noel Christian A. Moratilla

    2013-01-01

    As a genre, testimonios or testimonial narratives are not just transgressive of canonical literary aesthetics; they also serve as a tool for otherwise marginalized groups to expose, denounce, and negotiate their experiences of abjection and subordination. These narratives may constitute a counter-hegemonic project, if not an oppositional response, at least, to structures and relations sustained (often brutally) by the apparati of state and capital. In this exploratory paper, I read the letter...

  8. Listening to the patient's self-reported testimony: the authentic hermeneutical witness to the compassionate nurse?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bradshaw, Ann

    2014-01-01

    This paper considers whether the patient's self-reported testimony of nursing care provides an authentic basis for nursing knowledge. An international nursing and philosophical literature gives international relevance. United Kingdom reports detail patients' complaints about nursing care. Many are personal self-reported testimonies published in the media, but discounted by the nursing profession. Discussion paper. Data sources 1873-2012 include policy documents, nursing studies involving grounded theory, phenomenology and narrative inquiry, nursing textbooks 1882-1971 and the interpretive paradigms of Glaser and Strauss, Heidegger, Ricoeur and Gadamer. Nursing researchers use qualitative methodologies to understand the patient's experience of nursing. Three exemplars reveal epistemological and ontological problems. Epistemologically, researchers are controlling data, their selection and interpretation. Ontologically, the researcher's present horizon dominates because no consideration is given to the historical horizon and context where the tradition of nursing developed and defined the nurse. Arguably, patients' expectations of compassionate nurses bear witness to this past horizon. Patients' self-reported testimonies should be taken seriously as an evidence base for understanding and improving nursing care. Nursing researchers using qualitative methods should be transparent about their pre-judgements. Connections with the past horizon of nursing history should be made to cast light on the present horizon. Patients' self-reported testimonies are more congruent with methods of narrative inquiry than data solicited and filtered by the interviewer's undeclared pre-judgement. They bear witness to the horizon of the past and the meaning and purpose of nursing, its values and ethos. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  9. Conversion and the Real: The (Im)Possibility of Testimonial Representation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sremac, Srdjan

    Although the spiritual vibration of conversion can be felt (by the curious outsider) through what conversion performers say in their testimonial discourse, what transforms the convert 'on stage' into a 'new being' and what is 'the real' (le réel) in conversion performance remain unclear. An important question in this connection is, What is 'real' in a conversion representation, both with respect to the convert's interaction with the audience and to the construction of social reality? Following Lacan's tripartite register of the imaginary, the symbolic, and the real, in this essay I argue that through testimonial discourse converts construct social reality as an answer to the impossibility of 'the real' in their performative discursive practice. In the first part, I question the constructed nature of testimonial representations-as well as some academic knowledge production that has governed conversion research in the last few decades-and how these representations encourage 'outsiders' to read the narrative repertoire as a negation or mirroring 'the real' of the conversion experience. In the second part, I apply Roland Barthes' analytic reflections on photography to conversion research, especially the notions of the studium (the common ground of cultural meanings) and the punctum (a personal experience that inspires private meaning). This brings me to a number of theorists (mostly never used in the field of religious conversion)-Jacques Lacan, Roland Barthes, and Slavoj Žižek-who are important to the perspective that is developed in this essay.

  10. Addressing challenges to MMPI-2-RF-based testimony: questions and answers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ben-Porath, Yossef S

    2012-11-01

    Introduction of a new version of a psychological test brings with it challenges that can be accentuated by the adversarial nature of the legal process. In the case of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF), these challenges can be addressed by becoming familiar with the rationale for and the methods used in revising the inventory, the information contained in the test manuals, and the growing peer-reviewed literature on the test. Potential challenges to MMPI-2-RF-based testimony are identified in this article and discussed in question and answer format. The questions guiding this discussion are based on the Daubert factors, established in 1993 by the US Supreme Court as criteria for gauging the scientific validity of proffered expert testimony. The answers to these questions apply more broadly to testimony in depositions, pre-trial hearings, and at trial. Consideration of the MMPI-2-RF in light of the Daubert factors indicates that the instrument has been subjected to extensive empirical testing and that a substantial peer-reviewed literature is available to guide and support its use. Information about the known and potential rate of error associated with MMPI-2-RF scores is available, and standard procedures for administration, scoring, and interpretation of the inventory are detailed in the test administration manual. Indicators of MMPI-2-RF acceptance can be cited, and criticisms of the MMPI-2-RF can be addressed with information available in the test documents and an extensive, modern, and actively growing peer-reviewed literature.

  11. Climate Testimonies and Climate-crisis Narratives. Inuit Delegated to Speak on Behalf of the Climate

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjørst, Lill Rastad

    2012-01-01

    challenges the use of climate testimonies in the international climatechange debate. Specifically, what is drawn upon in these personal experiences with the environment, and how is it useful in a public, political, or scientific context? In the conclusion of this article, it is argued that dominant climate......The empirical data analysed in this essay will focus on several Greenlanders who were invited to the COP15 parallel event Klimaforum09, held in Copenhagen in December 2009, as well as their experiences with the venue and the dilemmas they confronted as both local and global witnesses. This essay...

  12. History and testimony of competency-based development at Sandia National Laboratories.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Burt, Rebecca A.; Narahara, Sheryl K.

    2004-04-01

    More than ten years ago, Sandia managers defined a set of traits and characteristics that were needed for success at Sandia. Today, the Sandia National Laboratories Success Profile Competencies continue to be powerful tools for employee and leadership development. The purpose of this report is to revisit the historical events that led to the creation and adaptation of the competencies and to position them for integration in future employee selection, development, and succession planning processes. This report contains an account of how the competencies were developed, testimonies of how they are used within the organization, and a description of how they will be foundational elements of new processes.

  13. QUESTIONS ANDANSWERS OFELIAS, METROPOLITANOFCRETE: A TESTIMONY OFBYZANTINE LITURGICALPRACTICE IN THE BEGINNING OF XIIthC.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. M. BERNATSKY

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available In the article commented text and Russian translation of the Questions and Answers ofElias, metropolitan of Crete, is offered. This source appears to be an important testimony ofByzantine liturgical tradition. It contains important data about ritual sequence and theologi'cal interpretation of the prothesis rite and Divine liturgy in general in XI–XII сc., i. e. in theperiod very close to the final codification of the Orthodox liturgy rite in XIII–XV cc.

  14. IMPORTANCIA DEL MANEJO DE LA PRUEBA TESTIMONIAL EN EL SISTEMA PENAL ACUSATORIO

    OpenAIRE

    Araque Marquez, Gustavo; Rojas Franco, Maria del Rosario; Rodriguez Rojas, Jhon Elmon Eyecid

    2007-01-01

    Este estudio monográfico, descriptivo se realizó utilizando el análisis documental de literatura referida al tema, con la cual se logró profundizar sobre la implementación del Nuevo Sistema Penal Acusatorio, en el Manejo de la Prueba Testimonial en los Juicios Orales y el interrogatorio y contrainterrogatorio. A la información recopilada se le hizo un análisis valorativo con procedimientos lógicos de inducción y deducción; producto de lo cual pudimos explicar las características sobre el man...

  15. Trasplante de la práctica de prueba testimonial civil adversarial al Ecuador

    OpenAIRE

    Yépez Garcés, Diego Francisco

    2015-01-01

    Se utilizan modelos valorativos, contextuales y pragmáticos dentro de lo cuales la tesis se divide en tres capítulos. El trasplante del cual la tesis abarca su investigación, es la práctica de la prueba testimonial oral civil, tomando como referencia el sistema adversarial del cual se verifican varios rasgos característicos; el sistema está en pleno proceso de trasplante al Ecuador, con la aprobación del Código Orgánico General de Procesos del 2015. En el primer capítulo, se abarca la dimensi...

  16. On the importance of considering heterogeneity in witnesses' competence levels when reconstructing crimes from multiple witness testimonies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waubert de Puiseau, Berenike; Greving, Sven; Aßfalg, André; Musch, Jochen

    2017-09-01

    Aggregating information across multiple testimonies may improve crime reconstructions. However, different aggregation methods are available, and research on which method is best suited for aggregating multiple observations is lacking. Furthermore, little is known about how variance in the accuracy of individual testimonies impacts the performance of competing aggregation procedures. We investigated the superiority of aggregation-based crime reconstructions involving multiple individual testimonies and whether this superiority varied as a function of the number of witnesses and the degree of heterogeneity in witnesses' ability to accurately report their observations. Moreover, we examined whether heterogeneity in competence levels differentially affected the relative accuracy of two aggregation procedures: a simple majority rule, which ignores individual differences, and the more complex general Condorcet model (Romney et al., Am Anthropol 88(2):313-338, 1986; Batchelder and Romney, Psychometrika 53(1):71-92, 1988), which takes into account differences in competence between individuals. 121 participants viewed a simulated crime and subsequently answered 128 true/false questions about the crime. We experimentally generated groups of witnesses with homogeneous or heterogeneous competences. Both the majority rule and the general Condorcet model provided more accurate reconstructions of the observed crime than individual testimonies. The superiority of aggregated crime reconstructions involving multiple individual testimonies increased with an increasing number of witnesses. Crime reconstructions were most accurate when competences were heterogeneous and aggregation was based on the general Condorcet model. We argue that a formal aggregation should be considered more often when eyewitness testimonies have to be assessed and that the general Condorcet model provides a good framework for such aggregations.

  17. A Rapid and Efficient Method for Evaluation of Suspect Testimony: Palynological Scanning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wiltshire, Patricia E J; Hawksworth, David L; Edwards, Kevin J

    2015-11-01

    A rapid method for evaluating suspect testimony is valuable at any stage in an inquiry and can result in a change of direction in an investigation. Rape cases, in particular, can present problems where a defendant renders DNA analysis redundant by claiming that the claimant consented to have sexual relations. Forensic palynology is valuable in confirming or eliminating locations as being crime scenes, thus checking the testimony of both parties. In contrast to some forensic disciplines, forensic palynology can provide critical information without time-consuming full analysis. Two cases are described where the palynological assemblages from comparator samples of pertinent places were compared with those obtained from clothing of claimants and defendants. The results of rapid microscopical scanning of relevant preparations led to early confessions, thus obviating the need for costly analyses and protracted court proceedings. A third case demonstrates the unbiased nature of this technique where a man, although innocent of any offense, lied about having visited the crime scene for fear of prosecution. This highlights the need for sensitive policing in claims of rape. © 2015 American Academy of Forensic Sciences.

  18. Support Person Presence and Child Victim Testimony: Believe it or Not.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McAuliff, Bradley D; Lapin, Joshua; Michel, Sandra

    2015-08-01

    This study examined the effects of support person presence on participants' perceptions of an alleged child sexual abuse victim and defendant. Two hundred jury-eligible community members (n = 100 males) viewed a DVD of an 11-year-old girl's simulated courtroom testimony either with or without a female support person seated next to her. Participants found the child victim to be less accurate and trustworthy, and the defendant to be less guilty and less likely to have sexually abused children, when the support person was present. Participants who viewed the female support person (n = 100) believed that she had probably coached and spent a great deal of time with the child victim before testifying. Female participants perceived the child to be more accurate, and the defendant to be more guilty and likely to have sexually abused children, than male participants. The degree to which the child victim's testimonial behavior violated participants' expectancies mediated the negative relation between support person presence and child victim accuracy and trustworthiness. Support person presence was positively associated with expectancy violation, which in turn was negatively associated with child victim accuracy and trustworthiness. These preliminary findings suggest that seating a support person next to an alleged child victim in court may have the unintended effect of decreasing the child's perceived credibility and, if replicated, suggest that alternative seating arrangements might be necessary. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  19. Testimonies of precognition and encounters with psychiatry in letters to J. B. Priestley.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Price, Katy

    2014-12-01

    Using letters sent to British playwright J. B. Priestley in 1963, this paper explores the intersection between patient-focused history of psychiatry and the history of parapsychology in everyday life. Priestley's study of precognition lay outside the main currents of parapsychology, and his status as a storyteller encouraged confidences about anomalous temporal experience and mental illness. Drawing on virtue epistemology, I explore the regulation of subjectivity operated by Priestley in establishing the credibility of his correspondents in relation to their gender and mental health, and investigate the possibility of testimonial justice for these witnesses. Priestley's ambivalent approach to madness in relation to visions of the future is related to the longer history of prophecy and madness. Letters from the television audience reveal a variety of attitudes towards the compatibility of precognition with modern theories of the mind, show the flexibility of precognition in relation to mental distress, and record a range of responses from medical and therapeutic practitioners. Testimonial justice for those whose experience of precognition intersects with psychiatric care entails a full acknowledgement of the tensions and complicities between these two domains as they are experienced by the witness, and an explicit statement of the hearer's orientation to those domains. Copyright © 2014 The Author. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.

  20. Surface transportation : prospects for innovation through research, intelligent transportation systems, state infrastructure banks, and design-build contracting : testimony before the Subcommittee on Transportation and Infrastructure, Committee on Environ

    Science.gov (United States)

    1997-03-06

    This testimony describes how innovation in federal research, financing and contracting methods has the potential for improving the performance of the nation's surface transportation system. The testimony is based on three reports on the reauthorizati...

  1. Educating Jurors about Forensic Evidence: Using an Expert Witness and Judicial Instructions to Mitigate the Impact of Invalid Forensic Science Testimony.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eastwood, Joseph; Caldwell, Jiana

    2015-11-01

    Invalid expert witness testimony that overstated the precision and accuracy of forensic science procedures has been highlighted as a common factor in many wrongful conviction cases. This study assessed the ability of an opposing expert witness and judicial instructions to mitigate the impact of invalid forensic science testimony. Participants (N = 155) acted as mock jurors in a sexual assault trial that contained both invalid forensic testimony regarding hair comparison evidence, and countering testimony from either a defense expert witness or judicial instructions. Results showed that the defense expert witness was successful in educating jurors regarding limitations in the initial expert's conclusions, leading to a greater number of not-guilty verdicts. The judicial instructions were shown to have no impact on verdict decisions. These findings suggest that providing opposing expert witnesses may be an effective safeguard against invalid forensic testimony in criminal trials. © 2015 American Academy of Forensic Sciences.

  2. Using a Health Message with a Testimonial to Motivate Colon Cancer Screening: Associations with Perceived Identification and Vividness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dillard, Amanda J.; Main, Jackie L.

    2013-01-01

    Research suggests that testimonials, or first-person narratives, influence health behavior and health-related decision making, but few studies have examined conceptual factors that may be responsible for these effects. In the current study, older adults who were due for colorectal cancer screening read a message about screening that included a…

  3. The same difference: Jesusa Palancares and Poppie Nongena’s testimonies of oppression

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Wenzel

    1994-05-01

    Full Text Available Two women's texts from postcolonial countries, Mexico and South Africa, on different continents show surprising correspondences in subject matter and style. Elena Poniatowska’s Hasta no verte Jesús mío (Till I meet you, my Jesus and Elsa Joubert's Die swerfjare van Poppie Nongena (The journey of Poppie Nongena examples of testimonial writing, both address issues of gender and politics in an innovative way. They combine autobiography and biography to render a dramatic account of social injustice despite their disparate backgrounds/cultures and subtle differences in style. In comparison, the texts not only affirm the validity of women’s writing and contribute to its enrichment, but also constitute a valuable contribution towards the formulation of a general feminist aesthetics. In fact, they illustrate conclusively that comparative literature fulfils a vital function in the exploration and interpretation of women's literature from different cultures.

  4. A lesson for the future of our science my testimony on Lord Patrick M S Blackett

    CERN Document Server

    Zichichi, Antonio

    2016-01-01

    This unique volume contains a tribute to Lord Patrick M S Blackett through the testimony of Professor Antonino Zichichi, who was one of Blackett's pupils in the experiment at the Sphinx Observatory, Europe's highest lab (3580 meters a.s.l.), at Jungfraujoch. The book presents an overview of Blackett's most significant discoveries, such as the so called "vacuum polarization" effect, the first example of "virtual physics" and the "strange particles", that opened a new horizon towards the existence of the subnuclear universe. After discussing the profound implications of Blackett's pioneering contributions to Subnuclear Physics, the book also recalls his deep interest in the promotion of scientific culture. Blackett was firmly convinced that physicists must be engaged directly to let the people outside our labs know what the role of science is in the progress of our civilisation. In particular, according to Blackett and his friend Bertrand Russell, the Manhattan Project was the example of how the new frontiers o...

  5. A testimony to Muzil: Hervé Guibert, Foucault, and the medical gaze.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rendell, Joanne

    2004-01-01

    Testimony to Muzil: Hervé Guibert, Michel Foucault, and the "Medical Gaze" examines the fictional/autobiographical AIDS writings of the French writer Hervé Guibert. Locating Guibert's writings alongside the work of his friend Michel Foucault, the article explores how they echo Foucault's evolving notions of the "medical gaze." The article also explores how Guilbert's narrators and Guibert himself (as writer) resist and challenge the medical gaze; a gaze which particularly in the era of AIDS has subjected, objectified, and even sometimes punished the body of the gay man. It is argued that these resistances to the gaze offer a literary extension to Foucault's later work on power and resistance strategies.

  6. Effect evaluation of a road safety education program based on victim testimonials in high schools in Belgium.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cuenen, Ariane; Brijs, Kris; Brijs, Tom; Van Vlierden, Karin; Daniels, Stijn; Wets, Geert

    2016-09-01

    For several decades policy makers worldwide have experimented with testimonials as a strategy to promote road safety supportive views in a wide variety of target populations such as recidivists and students. In its basic format, a (relative of) a victim or an offender brings a personal testimonial of what it is to experience a traffic accident. The underlying idea is that such a testimonial will emotionally affect participants, thereby stimulating them to cognitively reflect upon their own behavior and responsibility as a road user. Unfortunately, empirical literature on the effectiveness of this strategy is rather scarce and inconsistent. This study investigated the effect of a large-scale program with victim testimonials for high schools in Belgium on five socio-cognitive and behavioral variables drawn from the Theory of Planned Behavior (i.e., attitude, subjective norm, perceived behavioral control, behavioral intention and behavior). Moreover, this study investigated program effects on participants' cognitive and emotional estate and whether this influences the program's impact on socio-cognitive and behavioral variables. Our test sample included 1362 students, who were assigned to a baseline - follow-up group and a post-test - follow-up group. We questioned both groups, a first time (just before or after session attendance) on paper, and a second time (two months after session attendance) online. Results indicate the program had, both immediate and two months after attendance, small to medium positive effects on most socio-cognitive and behavioral variables. However, effects depended on participants' demographic profile, their baseline values on the socio-cognitive and behavioral variables, and the degree to which they were cognitively/emotionally affected by the program. We discuss the practical implications of these findings and formulate recommendations for the development of future interventions based on victim testimonials. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd

  7. "It Was the Best Decision of My Life": a thematic content analysis of former medical tourists' patient testimonials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hohm, Carly; Snyder, Jeremy

    2015-01-22

    Medical tourism is international travel with the intention of receiving medical care. Medical tourists travel for many reasons, including cost savings, limited domestic access to specific treatments, and interest in accessing unproven interventions. Medical tourism poses new health and safety risks to patients, including dangers associated with travel following surgery, difficulty assessing the quality of care abroad, and complications in continuity of care. Online resources are important to the decision-making of potential medical tourists and the websites of medical tourism facilitation companies (companies that may or may not be affiliated with a clinic abroad and help patients plan their travel) are an important source of online information for these individuals. These websites fail to address the risks associated with medical tourism, which can undermine the informed decision-making of potential medical tourists. Less is known about patient testimonials on these websites, which can be a particularly powerful influence on decision-making. A thematic content analysis was conducted of patient testimonials hosted on the YouTube channels of four medical tourism facilitation companies. Five videos per company were viewed. The content of these videos was analyzed and themes identified and counted for each video. Ten main themes were identified. These themes were then grouped into three main categories: facilitator characteristics (e.g., mentions of the facilitator by name, reference to the price of the treatment or to cost savings); service characteristics (e.g., the quality and availability of the surgeon, the quality and friendliness of the support staff); and referrals (e.g., referrals to other potential medical tourists). These testimonials were found either not to mention risks associated with medical tourism or to claim that these risks can be effectively managed through the use of the facilitation company. The failure fully to address the risks of medical

  8. Testimony of David Yardas, water resources analyst Environmental Defense Fund on the contemporary needs and management of the Newlands Reclamation Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This is the testimony of David Yardas, water resource analyst for the Environmental Defense Fund, concerning the contemporary needs and management of federal...

  9. The place of testimony in the Protocols of action of the Province of Buenos Aires related to violence against women

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julieta Cano

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This article sets out to explore and visualize the place of the testimony of women who suffer violence that attend different government services. In this manner, our purpose is to revalue the moment of making the testimony, considered as a fundamental co-construction process, that gives a space to the women´s voices that denounce violence situations as active subjects that co-operate in the protocols.Firstly, we analyse the national and international regulations in order to contextualize the argentine reality. Secondly, we analyse the tools used in these situations, focusing in protocols made by the Ministries of Justice, Security, Health and Social development in the province of Buenos Aires.

  10. Retórica testimonial entre verosimilitud y ficción en La Vorágine

    OpenAIRE

    Arocha, Alfonso

    2007-01-01

    For the author, the concept of testimonial rhetoric means the discursive strategy with which the narrator attempts to make understood that narration is not a product of fiction, but the product of a social reality which he witnessed and lived. The First World War brought with it an increase in the demand for rubber which entailed an attitude on thepart of the consumer countries as well as of the producers, of silencing and refusing to recognize the infrahuman conditions to which thousands of ...

  11. Imagining the Truth. Discussion of Prince's "The Self in Pain: The Paradox of Memory. The Paradox of Testimony".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tylim, Isaac

    2009-12-01

    The discussion highlights the significant role played by imagination in representing the horrors that resist representation. It is Dr. Tylim's position that imagination assists patient and analyst in overcoming the limitations of memory. Imagination is the gateway to truth. In working with survivors, the therapeutic encounter may become a stage where unspeakable experiences attain presence in their absence. The silence or the gaps are then the victim's testimony.

  12. [Malpractice Claims Against Pediatricians - Analysis of Expert Testimonies from the Medical Service of Health Insurance Companies Between 2000 and 2014].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steinhauer, Heiko; Holzschuh, Joachim; Böhler, Thomas

    2017-11-01

    Background In Germany, few data are available on medical malpractice claims against pediatricians. On behalf of Statutory Health Insurance Companies their Medical Service (MDK) regularly offers expert testimony in case of allegations during pediatric treatment. Methods Analysis of 374 written pediatric testimonies, documented between September 1st, 2000 and August 31st, 2014. Results 193 allegations against pediatricians were analysed separately for each sector of care (35% concerning outpatients, 28% normal inpatients, and 37% patients treated in an intensive care unit, ICU). Outpatient care led more frequently to malpractice claims regarding diagnosis, most often in the case of dysplasia of the hip (n=6), meningitis (n=5), and pneumonia (n=4). In inpatients, allegations regarding treatment errors were more common and frequently associated with extravasation injury (n=7), as well as periventricular leukomalacia (n=7), sepsis (=6), and intraventricular haemorrhage (n=4) in newborn infants on ICUs. Expert testimony confirmed allegations in 43% of the outpatients, 22% of the normal inpatients and 38% of the ICU patients. Discussion and conclusion The frequency of pediatric malpractice claims seems to depend primarily on the pattern of utilization of pediatric care services. Diagnosis-related constellations leading to malpractice claims in Germany are well-known internationally. Case analysis according to medical care sectors allows comprehensible conclusions for risk management. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  13. Kontra-Diskurso: Testimonial Narratives of Filipino Workers in a Foreign Company

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    Noel Christian A. Moratilla

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available As a genre, testimonios or testimonial narratives are not just transgressive of canonical literary aesthetics; they also serve as a tool for otherwise marginalized groups to expose, denounce, and negotiate their experiences of abjection and subordination. These narratives may constitute a counter-hegemonic project, if not an oppositional response, at least, to structures and relations sustained (often brutally by the apparati of state and capital. In this exploratory paper, I read the letters of abused workers as counternarratives that rub against mainstream discourse. In particular, I am using as primary materials the letters written by the Filipino workers of a foreign company which has been recognized and endorsed by state officials for its “contribution” to investment and job generation. Occluded, however, are the stories of abuse, exploitation, and repression among the workers, some of whom have met violent deaths in the workplace. These “littlestories” become counternarratives vis-à-vis the positive, celebratory depiction of the company in official discourse, which bleaches the company of allegations concerning its anti-labor practices. The discussion revolves around how the letters as testimonios and as counternarratives exemplifydiscourses of resistance and solidarity, foregrounding the workers’ denunciation of the abuses committed by and within the company, while also highlighting the workers’ collective responses to these abuses.

  14. [Legal aspects of medical expert testimony and non-economic damage in civil liability of physician].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pauković, Hrvoje

    2008-01-01

    In the establishment of civil liability of physicians for damage caused, it is extremely important to establish all relevant facts for the court to render the appropriate verdict. One of the crucial instruments in the establishment of a presumed civil liability of physicians as well as in the establishment of the criteria for the assessment of a proper award, is the medical expert testimony--utilised as an essential proof. The comprehension of medical and legal professionals' replies to questions which every profession must answer in order to provide an objective access to the claim and a right and full establishment of the factual situation, is the imperative for a correct application of the law in the handling and settling of these claims, especially in the light of the new set up of the concept of non-economic damage. The medical and legal profession shall help placing the problems of civil liability of physicians into real frameworks, preventing any attempts of unnecessary stigmatization of medical profession and cases of unjustified and unfounded indemnification, and it shall objectively and professionally, based on the law, enable a full and absolute protection of patients and third parties and their rights to physical and mental health.

  15. In aftermath of financial investigation Phoenix VA employee demoted after her testimony

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    Robbins RA

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available No abstract available. Article truncated after 150 words. A previous Southwest Journal of Pulmonary and Critical Care Journal editorial commented on fiscal mismanagement at the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA Medical Center in Phoenix (1. Now Paula Pedene, the former Phoenix VA public affairs officer, claims she was demoted for testimony she gave to the VA Inspector General’s Office (OIG regarding that investigation (2. In 2011, the OIG investigated the Phoenix VA for excess spending on private care of patients (3. The report blamed systemic failures for controls so weak that $56 million in medical fees were paid during 2010 without adequate review. The report particularly focused on one clinician assigned by the Chief of Staff to review hundreds of requests per week and the intensive care unit physicians for transferring patients to chronic ventilator units (1,3. After the investigation, the director and one of the associate directors left the VA and the chief of staff was promoted …

  16. VALIDITY AND CREDIBILITY OF A CHILD’S TESTIMONY OF SEXUAL ABUSE: A CASE REPORT

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    Antonina Argo

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The allegation by a child victim of sexual abuse is, in many cases, the most important evidence of wrongdoing, especially in absence of medical or physical evidence or confessions of guilt. The Rorschach inkblot test is a projective personality assessment technique used to evaluate child witnesses. We report a case of three girls allegedly abused by the father, in which the psychometric evaluation with the Rorschach test did not give credibility to the testimony of the children. When interrogating a minor, it is very difficult to distinguish between a true and a lie. Indeed, many different elements can affect the dialogue, such as the child’s age, the events being discussed, interrogation environment, factors linked to the interviewer, etc. Therefore, it is possible errors of evaluation, misunderstandings or confusion happen frequently. The aim of this case report is to highlight that employment of methodologies and criteria recognised by the scientific community could simplify the acquisition and assessment of information from a minor.

  17. ENTRE GENERACIONES. LA EXPERIENCIA DE LA TRANSMISIÓN EN EL RELATO TESTIMONIAL

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    Fernando Bárcena

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available El propósito de este artículo es repensar la relación entre experiencia y educación, cuando a lo que nos enfrentamos, como lectores, aprendices y educadores, es a una experiencia límite del todo inasimilable al modelo instrumental del lenguaje, que lo define como un mero medio de comunicación entre iguales: el relato testimonial de los supervivientes de los campos, un género literario que constituye el final de la Bildungsroman o novela de formación. Algunas preguntas guían esta tentativa ¿Tiene algún sentido dar a leer e nuestros jóvenes, en el seno del discurso de la sociedad del aprendizaje, donde la crisis de las transmisiones es más que evidente, unos textos que proponen un tipo de transmisión discontinua? ¿Qué tipo de experiencia es la experiencia lectora de esta literatura? ¿Qué experiencia de aprendizaje y transmisión contiene, si goza de alguna?.

  18. Between memory and silence, the late testimony of a deported homosexual

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    Marcelo Spitzner

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-7917.2014v19n2p61 This article focuses on the biography of Rudolf Brazda, written by Jean-Luc Schwab. This biography narrates the life and, especially, the deportation of Rudolf Bradzda to the concentration camp of Buchenwald, due to his homosexuality. Brazda was the last pink triangle, title given to homosexuals who were deported to Nazi concentration camps, and one of the few who managed to leave his testimony recorded, even though the writing of another. Thus, I seek in theoretical reflections on history, memory and modernity, a way to point out that narratives such as Brazda’s are delayed or difficult to enter in the collective memory and, therefore, narrate them is configured as struggles against oblivion, silencing and it is a reconstitution of the limits of the historical narrative. Through this text, I propose that history is not made of lines but of wrinkles, the temporality must constantly be revised and that the objective image of collective experience that sustained modernity must be shaken and other genealogies of human experience must be build.

  19. latin American literary testimony: historical foreshadowing of gender in the revolutionary discourse of the sixties

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    Victoria García

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The foundation of testimonio in Latin American literary field, initiated at the end of the ‘60, makes part of the institutionalization of the Cuban revolution, process where its projection to the rest of Latin America constitued a central problem. This paper studies political preconditions of testimonio. In particular, it analizes certain aspects of Cuban revolutionary discourse that anticipate features eventually developed by the literary genre, in the ways the relation between literature and politics is represented, and in the subjects of discourse that are proposed as embodiments of such relation. The paper introduces the question of Cuban revolution, as regards the exemplary status it acquired in Latin America during the sixties. Then, it examines the literary positioning represented by testimonio, as the corollary of a reflexive reconsideration operated by some Latin American writers and critics, concerning their historical role. Finally, it considers three representative documents of Cuban revolution and its continental projection: History will absolve me, by Fidel Castro, and Reminiscences of the Cuban revolutionary war and Bolivian diary, by Ernesto Guevara. We show the textual configuration of a revolutionary subject whose legitimity emerges not only from a political experience which testimony enunciates, but also from particular ways of living and representing literature in the context of a revolutionary practice. In the end of the sixties, the continental literary field would reaffirm such features as its discourse legitimating criteria, during the institutionalization of testimonio as its privileged genre.

  20. Sfragís and its metaphorical testimonial presence in 2 Timothy 2:19

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    Carlos Molina

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available This article presented a metaphorical testimonial approach in the interpretation of 2 Timothy 2:19 and the use of sealing. As starting point, attention was given to the concept of ‘seal’ through the Old Testament and Ancient Near East. These periods attest the fact that sealing was also utilised in a figurative way as a sign of ownership, property and authenticity. Sfragís in 2 Timothy 2:19 describes the intimate relationship between Christ and his followers through the terms [foreign font omitted (personal and vital relationship that transcends in practice and [foreign font omitted (mainly an exterior knowledge]. These two vocables are in opposition to [foreign font omitted (to apostate from]. The message expressed in 2:19 exemplifies the principles that Christ lived by and he empowered his followers to stand by. Sfragís in 2 Timothy 2:19 is an imitatio Christi response against the [foreign font omitted] of moral standards and entertainment in the ancient Roman world. It includes a rapid contemporary reflection on practical faithfulness for today’s life.

  1. The Song of Disappearance: Memory, History, and Testimony in the Poetry of Antonio Gamoneda

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    Daniel Aguirre-Oteiza

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available This essay explores Antonio Gamoneda’s poetry as an Adornian form of testimony. With its enigmatic foregrounding of lies, the book-length poem Descripción de la mentira ‘Description of the Lie’ can be read as a “contradictory testimony” in which the act and memory of witnessing go, as it were, underground—only to resurface, rife with loss, years after Spain’s transition from dictatorship to democracy. Yet the abstruse character of this poetic writing prevents readers from drawing straightforward political truths about Spanish history from the poem. Losses are inscribed in the text catachrestically, as they truly are: losses. Gamoneda’s poetry has been read amid changing representations of Spain’s recent past, and thus contrastingly seen as an “undecipherable symbolic code” and as “realm of memory.” This reading, which draws on Holocaust studies, allows for a redefinition of the fraught place of modern poetry in the field of Hispanic cultural studies. Examining Descripción de la mentira within the context of the debate about historical memory in Spain sheds light on the theoretical difficulties that dominant aesthetic tendencies encounter in the study of how Spanish poets of recent decades try to establish a dialogue with the reader regarding society, memory, and reality.

  2. (Imposibilidades del sujeto testimonial: aproximaciones interdisciplinarias a la memoria de lo traumático

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    José Cabrera

    Full Text Available Resumen Este artículo tiene como objetivo general promover la reflexión interdisciplinaria, considerando aportes del psicoanálisis y de la historia, acerca de la transmisión de la memoria, en sus dimensiones individuales y colectivas, de acontecimientos traumáticos vinculados a la transgresión de los derechos humanos en el contexto de regímenes autoritarios, desde la perspectiva del sujeto del testimonio. El principal supuesto es que el sujeto testimonial configura discursos que articulan tanto dimensiones representables como irrepresentables de la experiencia mediante la palabra. Así, interesa preguntarse por la posibilidad de que el testimonio presente en su propia organización discursiva esta dimensión que se resiste a la articulación narrativa, cuestión que permite considerar la forma y la función que adquiere lo irrepresentable en los procesos de transmisión de la memoria histórica ligada a los traumas colectivos.

  3. Positioning the Testimony of Job Ben Solomon, An Enslaved African American Muslim

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    Muna Sulaiman Al-Badaai

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Ayyub Ben Suleiman Diallo, better known as Job ben Solomon was among thousands of African Muslims enslaved in America. Job was a son of a high Priest from Senegal. He was kidnapped by his African enemy and sold as a slave in the New World in 1731. He worked on a tobacco plantation in Maryland. He ran away and was captured and imprisoned. Job’s literacy in Arabic attracted the attention of the philanthropist James Oglethorpe who helped to free him. In 1733, Job sailed to England and later returned to Africa. Upon Job’s request, Thomas Bluett wrote Some Memoirs of the Life of Job the Son of Solomon (1734. Allan Austin claims in his book African Muslims in Antebellum America: Transatlantic Stories and Spiritual Struggles (1997 that Job might be considered as the “father of African American Literature”. Muhammad Al-Ahari (2006 states that this account “is perhaps the earliest biography of any African-Americans”. However, William Andrews (1988 with other scholars consider the year of 1760 the appearance of slave narrative as genre. What is more, African Muslim slave narratives have been excluded from African American anthologies. Florence Marfo (2009 in her article entitled “African Muslims in African American Literature” discusses some possible reasons for this omission which mostly relate to the perceived identity of enslaved African American Muslims and the absence of an anti-slavery goal in their narratives. This paper aims to position Job’s testimony in the light of arguments made by the other scholars.

  4. The Poetry of Holocaust Survivor Testimony: Towards a New Performative Social Science

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    Frances Rapport

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available Performative Social Science provides the research scientist with a much needed platform to move beyond traditional approaches to data collection, analysis and the presentation of study findings towards a response to research questions that closely resonates with the raw materials at hand. For the Performative Social Scientist's voice to be heard, new ways must be found to consider how best to represent the social world, relaxing longstanding and rigid qualitative research frameworks in favour of more contemporary and flexible approaches to working that welcome inter-disciplinary practice. By re-defining the theoretical and paradigmatic boundaries of our studies we can then encourage others to consider a range of alternative positions from which to view the world. The paper embraces the potential such a platform offers by presenting one Holocaust survivor's lived experiences of these extraordinary events including internment in Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp. Through a visual and textual journey that employs photographs and poetic representations derived from one "research conversation" with the survivor, a "photo-textual montage" aims to engender a more empathic response to survivor testimony. The paper also attempts a novel juxtaposition of images and words to present a richer understanding of the researcher's relationship with the survivor, the research process and research outputs. In effect, the paper maps aspects of the research process in "coming to know" the data in chronological, temporal and spatial frames whilst emphasising the importance of presentation style, format and layout. This paper makes visible what is often invisible in more traditional approaches—the researchers own personal journey and the insights that this affords. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0802285

  5. "My Invisalign experience": content, metrics and comment sentiment analysis of the most popular patient testimonials on YouTube.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Livas, Christos; Delli, Konstantina; Pandis, Nikolaos

    2018-01-22

    The aim of the study was to investigate the popularity, content of Invisalign patient testimonials on YouTube, as well as the sentiment of the related comments. Using the term "Invisalign experience," the top 100 results on YouTube by view count were screened for English spoken patient videos that attracted comments. Video information (time since video upload, sponsorship), engagement metrics (comments, likes, dislikes, subscriptions), and views were collected. Videos were rated for information completeness (ICS), and comments were classified by origin and content. The emotional loading of the comments was measured using automated sentiment analysis. The 40 reviewed testimonials scored an average ICS of 3.78 (SD 0.97). ICS, time since upload, and video duration did not appear to significantly influence the number of views, subscriptions, likes, dislikes, and comments. There was a statistically significant difference (P = 0.03) between mean positive (2.01, SD 0.95) and negative sentiment scores (- 1.90, SD 1.14). Commenter's status and overall comment on video were significantly associated with positive sentiment scores. There was a significant association between sponsorship, commenter's status, overall comment on video, focus of concern, perceived Invisalign's disadvantages, and increased negative sentiment scores. Engagement of audience and views of the most popular Invisalign patient testimonials were not significantly influenced by completeness of information, video duration, and lifespan. The sentiment of viewers' comments about Invisalign treatment was significantly more positive and was significantly associated with their status, content, and sponsorship of videos. Orthodontic trends on YouTube need to be cautiously monitored for planning interventions that improve patients' knowledge about orthodontics.

  6. Optimizing the Presentation of Mental Health Information in Social Media: The Effects of Health Testimonials and Platform on Source Perceptions, Message Processing, and Health Outcomes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quintero Johnson, Jessie M; Yilmaz, Gamze; Najarian, Kristy

    2017-09-01

    Using social media for the purpose of disseminating mental health information is a critical area of scientific inquiry for health communication professionals. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the presence of a first-person testimonial in educational mental health information placed in Facebook and Twitter messages influenced college students' (N = 257) source perceptions, information processing, cognitive elaboration, health information recall, beliefs, and behavioral intentions. Results show that exposure to social media messages that featured mental health information embedded with a testimonial predicted less source homophily and more critical thoughts about the social media source, less systematic message processing, and less cognitive elaboration. Health information recall was significantly impacted by both the social media platform and message content such that participants in the testimonial condition on Facebook were more likely to recall the health facts in those messages whereas participants who viewed the testimonial in Twitter were less likely to recall the facts in those tweets. Compared to those who read Facebook messages, participants who read Twitter messages reported higher levels of systematic message processing. These findings suggest that the integration of health testimonials into social media messages might inadvertently provoke psychological resistance to mental health information, thereby reducing the persuasive impact of those messages.

  7. War is hazardous for your health: photographs and testimonies about death, wounds, disease and medical care during the Mexican Revolution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mraz, John

    2011-01-01

    Revolutionary wars have devastating and far-reaching effects on the health of the populations caught up in them. However, the deaths and injuries produced by weaponry are only part of the story, because diseases resulting from malnutrition and contaminated drinking water account for the majority of medical problems. This essay uses photographs and testimonies of participants to explore health issues during the Mexican Revolution (1910-1920), as well as incorporating secondary literature on this question. Furthermore, photographic images are not presented as simple (indexical) windows onto the world. Rather, the author attempts to identify the imagemakers and provide explanations that help in imagining the reasons behind the making of the photographs.

  8. The Evidence of What Cannot Be Heard: Reading Trauma into and Testimony against the Witness Stand at the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda

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    Julia Viebach

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores the silences and the gaps that cut through witness testimonies at the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR by applying a trauma lens to the narratives that emerge on the witness stand and by contrasting those with a survivor testimony. It compares the recollection of a traumatic experience with the production of legal meaning. To do so, it focuses specifically on a survivor testimony shared with the author at the Rwandan Nyange memorial in 2014 where the crimes in question happened, and the ICTR The Prosecutor vs Athanase Seromba trial that relates to the events at that particular site. This paper shows that the experience of trauma not only challenges the language of law but also blurs the legal narratives and functions of tribunals like the ICTR.

  9. The death of Loving: maternal identity as moral constraint in a narrative testimonial advocating physician assisted suicide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kenny, Robert Wade

    2002-01-01

    This article considers the narrative testimonial as a rhetorical form in the service of public judgment, with particular attention to the witness's credibility and communicative competence. The author argues that a narrator and witness, as a participant-observer of the events recounted, must generate a story that does not compromise her credibility as a moral agent within the text, and that the capacity to do so is largely a function of communicative competence. Carol Loving's recent book concerning her son's physician assisted suicide is critically assessed to illustrate the primary argument. The critique attempts to show that she neither creates a substantial argument for physician assisted suicide, nor does she warrant her role as a spokesperson for the issue because her narrative violates formative features of maternal identity. Loving's narrative also unintentionally reveals motivational clusters that conflict with and compromise the primary argument, thereby subverting the process of persuasive appeal. Whereas mothers are often mediators for their children in health matters ranging from colds, to psychiatric issues, to matters of death and dying, the failure of Carol Loving in this text, as well as its analysis, should be instructive and cautionary to health professionals who rely on maternal discourse in handling patients, as well as audiences who rely on narrative testimonials as content in their deliberation of public issues.

  10. Del cimarrón Esteban a la intelectual Georgina. Notas sobre la evolución del género testimonial negro en Cuba

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    Irina Bajini

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Starting from a due reflection on Miguel Barnet’s Cimarrón as the first experiment on a testimony-novel – and considering the problems and contradictions of a cultural and political operation in which the witness-informant’s voice risks being overcome or at least misinterpreted by the author-transcriber – this paper goes on to consider the evolution of the testimony genre in 1990s Cuba, where women of African descent often intervened by speaking or writing, and managed to impose their views autonomously.

  11. Testimonies to the L'Aquila earthquake (2009) and to the L'Aquila process

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalenda, Pavel; Nemec, Vaclav

    2014-05-01

    Lot of confusions, misinformation, false solidarity, efforts to misuse geoethics and other unethical activities in favour of the top Italian seismologists responsible for a bad and superficial evaluation of the situation 6 days prior to the earthquake - that is a general characteristics for the whole period of 5 years separating us from the horrible morning of April 6, 2009 in L'Aquila with 309 human victims. The first author of this presentation as a seismologist had unusual opportunity to visit the unfortunate city in April 2009. He got all "first-hand" information that a real scientifically based prediction did exist already for some shocks in the area on March 29 and 30, 2009. The author of the prediction Gianpaolo Giuliani was obliged to stop any public information diffused by means of internet. A new prediction was known to him on March 31 - in the day when the "Commission of Great Risks" offered a public assurance that any immediate earthquake can be practically excluded. In reality the members of the commission completely ignored such a prediction declaring it as a false alarm of "somebody" (even without using the name of Giuliani). The observations by Giuliani were of high quality from the scientific point of view. G. Giuliani predicted L'Aquila earthquake in the professional way - for the first time during many years of observations. The anomalies, which preceded L'Aquila earthquake were detected on many places in Europe in the same time. The question is, what locality would be signed as potential focal area, if G. Giuliani would know the other observations in Europe. The deformation (and other) anomalies are observable before almost all of global M8 earthquakes. Earthquakes are preceded by deformation and are predictable. The testimony of the second author is based on many unfortunate personal experiences with representatives of the INGV Rome and their supporters from India and even Australia. In July 2010, prosecutor Fabio Picuti charged the Commission

  12. Influenza Pandemic: Gaps in Pandemic Planning and Preparedness Need to Be Addressed. Testimony before the Committee on Homeland Security, House of Representatives. GAO-09-909T

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steinhardt, Bernice

    2009-01-01

    As the current H1N1 outbreak underscores, an influenza pandemic remains a real threat to our nation. Over the past 3 years, the US Government Accountability Office (GAO) conducted a body of work, consisting of 12 reports and 4 testimonies, to help the nation better prepare for a possible pandemic. In February 2009, GAO synthesized the results of…

  13. Making milpa, making life in La Mera Selva: a testimony of how Tzeltal peasants perform maize cultivation practices in the Lacandon Jungle, Mexico

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    Camacho Villa, T.C.

    2011-01-01

    This PhD thesis is a testimony of how Tzeltal peasants make milpa in the Lacandon Jungle, Chiapas, Mexico. It describes how they alternate maize cultivation practices with other activities in their lives through different juggling performances. These performances show how these indigenous peasants

  14. Year 2000 Computing Challenge: Education Taking Needed Actions but Work Remains. Testimony before the Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations, Committee on Education and the Workforce, House of Representatives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Willemssen, Joel C.

    This document provides testimony on the U.S. Department of Education's efforts to ensure that its computer systems supporting critical student financial aid activities will be able to process information reliably through the turn of the century. After providing some background information, the statement recaps prior findings and the actions that…

  15. From early detection to rehabilitation in the community: reading beyond the blog testimonies of survivors' quality of life and prostate cancer representation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zanchetta, Margareth Santos; Cognet, Marguerite; Lam-Kin-Teng, Mary Rachel; Dumitriu, Marie Elisabeth; Renaud, Lise; Rhéaume, Jacques

    2016-12-16

    Survivors' testimonies can reveal much about men's experiences of prostate cancer and impacts on their quality of life (QOL) during the clinical trajectory of the disease. These survivors' shared thoughts and views were hypothesized to reflect salient features of their lived social representation of prostate cancer. We explored the content of testimonies posted by men to a public blog hosted by a French national prostate cancer patients' association. The study question, "What do French bloggers' testimonies reveal about their lived experiences with prostate cancer, especially regarding their quality of life in community settings, that underpin their social representation of prostate cancer?" guided the exploration and analysis of the textual data. The aims were to better understand men's experiences and predominant thoughts and views, to elucidate patients' behaviours, and to enlighten medical policy and practice. Explore issues of QOL as reported by French prostate cancer survivors in a public blog by: (a) identifying the salient aspects and issues of the experience of living with prostate cancer from the perspective of survivors; and (b) analyzing the content in the posted testimonies regarding perceived and lived impacts of prostate cancer on QOL. A critical ethnographic study guided the selection of textual data from 196 male bloggers' testimonies about prostate cancer posted in the period from 2008 to 2013. Media content analysis method was undertaken on blog testimonies, framed by a multidimensional conceptual framework of QOL. Testimonies focused mainly on medical care and rehabilitation, recovery, health education and self-care, as well as on a global vision of prostate cancer and its impacts on personal views of manhood and masculinity. The language used indicated that political, educative and compassionate discourses were intertwined to create a complex representation of the experience and effects of prostate cancer; this multi-faceted representation can

  16. [Humanities as a means of survival: the testimony of a Siberian prisoner of war in the First World War].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Inić, Suzana; Fatović-Ferenčić, Stella; Kujundžić, Nikola

    2015-11-01

    This article looks into the autobiography of the Croatian chemist and pharmacognosist Antun Vrgoč (1881-1949) entitled My Memories of the World War 1914-1920 and published in Zagreb in 1937. The author was captured in October 1914 and deported to Siberia, where he remained prisoner of war until 1920. Since there are few memoirs describing the life of Siberian prisoners during the First World War, this work is a precious testimony about the attitude towards the prisoners of war, human relations, and the survival of an AustroHungarian army officer. The book shows a striking lack of civilian or military hostility towards the prisoners and the respect of the Geneva Convention. Antun Vrgoč adopted the culture, customs and language of his formal enemies, took part in their civilian life, and taught at their university. His cathartic experience of survival includes a clear message about the absurdity of war.

  17. Effects of false-evidence ploys and expert testimony on jurors' verdicts, recommended sentences, and perceptions of confession evidence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woody, William Douglas; Forrest, Krista D

    2009-01-01

    During interrogations, police may use false-evidence ploys or fabricated claims to convince suspects to confess. Mock jurors read trial materials containing interrogation transcripts with or without a false-evidence ploy and one of two expert witness conditions (present or absent). We examined jurors' verdicts, recommended sentences, and perceptions of the interrogation. Although factual evidence and the defendant's confession remained constant across conditions, false-evidence ploys led to fewer convictions and shorter sentences. Jurors also perceived interrogations with ploys as more deceptive and coercive. Expert testimony reduced convictions and increased interrogation deception and coercion ratings. Across ploy types, participants rated demeanor ploys as less deceptive and recommended longer sentences for confessors. Outcomes reveal important, previously unrecognized consequences of false-evidence ploys. (c) 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  18. Mobilizing Conflict Testimony: A Lens of Mobility for the Study of Documentary Practices in the Kashmir Conflict

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    Max Kramer

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available In this paper I introduce a lens of mobility for the study of documentary film practices and gender in zones of conflict. By drawing on my qualitative research regarding the practice of the independent filmmaker Iffat Fatima, I will argue that a lens of mobility helps to grasp highly mobile media practices both conceptually and methodologically. Through a lens of mobility, my focus lies on the potential of documentary film to open the imaginative boundaries of conflict zones and to politically and emotionally mobilize the testimony offered from everyday life in a highly militarized zone. This specifically requires the tracing of moments of political mobilization beyond cognitive questions of conflicting narratives and representations.

  19. Contribution from anthropological reflexivity to an epistemology of the (coconstruction of historical testimonies. Stories of Argentine feminism during the seventies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catalina Trebisacce

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available This article is an exercise in anthropological reflexivity based on the methodological analysis of field recording techniques that took place within the development of my doctoral research, related to the study and production of new memories of the feminist movement in Buenos Aires during the seventies. This reflexive work unveils its meaning by looking into how it was produced and the theoretical space -traversed by the historiographical account- in which it took place. This research thoroughly looks into the mode of production of in-depth interviews and, within it, at the role played by researcher expectations and the strategies of each interviewed woman when producing a narrative about herself. For this purpose, epistemic tools developed by feminist theory, anthropology, and memory studies are taken into account. These tools enable the analysis of the dynamic and relational character of testimony production.

  20. The European Union's Emissions Trading System. Written testimony for US Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Delbeke, J. [Directorate-General for Climate Action, European Commission, Brussels (Belgium)

    2012-07-15

    Both Europe and the USA have clearly stated in the 2010 ICAO Assembly that they support global goals to limit global international aviation emissions at or below 2005 levels by 2020. Part of the the conclusion of this testimony is as follows: The EU wants to see a comprehensive and non-discriminatory multilateral agreement in ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organisation) on aviation emissions as soon as possible, and the US, EU and other players now need to work together to develop renewed momentum for substantive talks in ICAO at global level. The European Union and the United States have a key role to play in crafting such an international consensus. Working together also requires respecting each others' rules and regulations.

  1. Pollution of Illinois and Mississippi Rivers by Chicago sewage, a digest of the testimony taken in the case of the State of Missouri v. the State of Illinois and the Sanitary District of Chicago

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leighton, Marshall O.

    1907-01-01

    The testimony taken in the suit of the State of Missouri against the State of Illinois and the sanitary district of Chicago comprises the best symposium on river pollution, its biological and chemical aspects, and its general and special sanitary significance that has ever been assembled. The contentions of both parties to the suit' are supported by the most eminently qualified men in the United States. The evidence presented and the discussions recorded are therefore of unique importance. The final record of testimony occupies 8,000 printed pages, much of which is irrelevant. This digest of testimony is the result of an attempt to recover the valuable material and present it in concise form. A consistent endeavor has been made by the reviewer to eliminate all personal opinions with reference to the issue and to make an impartial presentation of so much of the testimony as in his opinion appears to be relevant and of scientific importance. It will be well to remember in this connection that any digest of so large a volume of testimony must be the result of a final exercise of personal opinion by the reviewer as to those parts which may best be excluded. Naturally opinions will differ on this point; therefore it will be strange if many of those familiar with the case do not find that certain portions of testimony which they consider most important are passed over in this digest without reference. Controversies between counsel, objections to the admission of testimony, legal technicalities and quibbles, badgering cross-examination, and in general all the testimony introduced for purposes of mere corroboration have been disregarded. The object has been to present a faithful statement of the scientific phases of the testimony to the exclusion, if need be, of the legal aspect of the case. 

  2. Magic and memory: using conjuring to explore the effects of suggestion, social influence, and paranormal belief on eyewitness testimony for an ostensibly paranormal event

    OpenAIRE

    Wilson, Krissy; French, Christopher C.

    2014-01-01

    This study uses conjuring to investigate the effects of suggestion, social influence and paranormal belief upon the accuracy of eyewitness testimony for an ostensibly paranormal event. Participants watched a video of an alleged psychic seemingly bending a metal key by the power of psychokinesis. Half the participants heard the fake psychic suggest that the key continued to bend after it had been put down on a table and half did not. Additionally, participants were exposed to either a negativ...

  3. Examination of the "CSI Effect" on Perceptions of Scientific and Testimonial Evidence in a Hong Kong Chinese Sample.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hui, Cora Y T; Lo, T Wing

    2017-05-01

    Television is a powerful medium through which to convey information and messages to the public. The recent proliferation of forensic science and criminal justice information throughout all forms of media, coupled with raised expectations toward forensic evidence, has led some to suspect that a "CSI effect" ( Crime Scene Investigation effect) is taking place. The present study contributes to the literature addressing the CSI effect in two ways. First, it examines whether the CSI effect exists in the Chinese population of Hong Kong. Second, using a mock-jury paradigm, it empirically examines a more integrative perspective of the CSI effect. It was found that, although the amount of media coverage involving forensic evidence does influence participants' perception of legal evidence to some degree, such a perception does not affect participants' legal decision making. Viewers of forensic dramas were not more likely to convict the defendant when forensic evidence was presented and not less likely to convict when only testimonial evidence was presented. The only significant predictor of the defendant's culpability when scientific evidence was presented was participants' ratings of the reliability of scientific evidence. Results from the present study lend no support to the existence of the CSI effect in Hong Kong.

  4. MYSTICAL EXPERIENCE AND MYSTICAL PRACTICES IN THE TESTIMONIES OF RUSSIAN ROSICRUCIANS OF THE XVIII–XIX CENTURIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yury Khalturin

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available In the article diff erent forms of mystical experience in the XVIIIth–XIXth centuries Russia are reconstructed on the basis of the sources from Rosicrucian funds of DMS RSL. These sources describe both Rosicrucian and non-Rosicrucian experience and represent mystical enthusiasm of diff erent social groups in Russia. Rosicrucians collected these records in volumes, containing mystical diaries, letters, descriptions of visions etc., which could be classifi ed as special genre of Rosicrucian literature — «mystical testimonies». Article provides classifi cation of such forms of experience based on four criteria: modes of perception, object of experience, its content and relation to mystical practices. The basic modes of mystical perception were: audial, visual, olfactory, tactile, gustatory and synesthetic. Objects of mystical experience could be divided into two groups: characters from New Testament and supernatural beings and powers, both good and evil. Content of mystical experience includes instructions, prophecies and revelations. Instructions could be spiritual or practical (medical ones. Prophecies concerned historical events, such as war with Napoleon or Decembrists revolt. Revelations concerned structure of the universe, spiritual world and secrets of afterlife. All these experiences could be spontaneous (like dreams or hallucinations or induced by some practices (for example prayer or «inner conversion». In the conclusion three main features of these forms of mystical experience are distinguished: their Christian nature, strong connection with Masonic-Rosicrucian worldview and their individual nature

  5. Testimony presented to the Committee on Science and Technology's Subcommittee on Environment and the Atmosphere

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Richmond, C.R.

    1976-03-01

    This report contains the basis for oral testimony to the House Committee on Science and Technology's Subcommittee on Environment and the Atmosphere in November 1975. The subject of the hearings was ''Effects and Costs of Long-term Exposure to Low Levels of Manmade Pollutants'' and the purpose of the hearings was to increase the awareness of low-level pollution and its impacts on human health, agriculture and climate. This report contains information related to impacts of low-level pollutants on human health. I have attempted to point out the major adverse health effects (e.g., carcinogenic, mutagenic and teratogenic) that may result from chronic exposure to low-level pollutants. Also addressed are important questions such as what do we know about dose-response relations for chronic exposure to pollutants and how can we establish comparisons with knowledge obtained from exposure to ionizing radiations. The report also considers the wisdom of extrapolating from health effects data obtained from acute, high-level exposures to chronic, low-level exposure conditions. Lastly, a few examples of the societal costs related to low-level pollutant exposure are presented. (auth)

  6. The speleothem record from Sicily, an important palaeoclimate testimony in the heart of the Mediterranean: overview of current research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deininger, Michael; Vattano, Marco; McDermott, Frank; Frisia, Silvia; Borsato, Andrea; Frank, Norbert; Spötl, Christoph; Scholz, Denis; Di Maggio, Cipriano; Madonia, Giuliana

    2017-04-01

    Sicily is located in the heart of the Mediterranean and takes a strategic position between the western and eastern Mediterranean as well as between northern Africa and continental Europe. It is a place of a diverse and great cultural heritage that goes back many thousands of years; it had been colonised by Phoenicians, Carthaginians, Greeks and Romans in Ancient times and served as a trading post and granary - the latter particularly for the Romans. Climate change scenarios studies suggest that Mediterranean ecosystems could change into deserts as a consequence of shifting temperature and precipitation patterns unparalleled in the Holocene period (Guiot and Cramer, 2016). It is, therefore, essential to shed light on past precipitation changes to gain knowledge on the timing, dynamics and causes of these changes by making use of natural environmental archives (such as speleothems). This information is not only important for palaeoclimate data-model comparisons but can also give archaeologists a wealth of information when studying cultural transformations. Speleothems are valuable natural archives of past climatic and environmental conditions on the continents. Major strengths include their suitability for accurate U-series age determinations and their preservation of multiple quasi-independent climate proxies - that can be linked to precipitation changes. Hence, speleothems proxy time series from the Mediterranean can be regarded as an important testimony of past environmental and climate changes (including precipitation) that allow to provide answers to the aforementioned questions. Here we present first result of ongoing speleothem research on Sicily, with focuses on Pietrazzi cave (Grotta dei Pietrazzi) located west of Palermo. It developed in limestone (limestone consisting of bioclastic packstone/wackestones, fore reef coral rudstones (calcirudite) and calcarenites.) of the Calcare di Piano Battaglia Formation. Pietrazzi cave is more than 600 m in length and

  7. Testimony, Documentary, Fiction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Hans Lauge

    2018-01-01

    This paper examines the remedialisation of the abduction of the children of “rojas” by the Francoist regime. In 2006 the Spanish author Benjamin Prado published Mala gente que camina, a novel that shares most of the characteristics of the fiction published after the turn of the millennium dedicat...

  8. Testimonies from Zaire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hussein, A

    1994-02-01

    Tribal hatred and rivalry can contribute to the dislocation of many people and reduction in their social welfare. Assimilation into new areas is made difficult by limitations on resources: the results can be starvation, malnutrition, death, morbidity, prostitution and rape, and inadequate shelter and means of survival. In the fall of 1992, more than 150,000 Kasaians were forced to leave Zaire and travel to regions in the East and West Kasai by whatever means possible. Accounts of "repatriation" were given by women involved in the movement. One account describes the initial adjustment in 1991 of a nine-child family in Katanga; this family took in 10 refugee families until it became impossible to survive or get along with neighbors. The decision was made to take the one train out of the area to Kasai territory. The journey was difficult for the children who had to stand and did not have sufficient food or water. A two to three day trip took two weeks. The adjustment to the new village was a strange experience, after having lived with electricity and tap water. By March 1993, conditions had so deteriorated that Kasaian women were banned from economic activity of any kind, and young thugs brandishing knives and clubs hurt and killed Kasaian women and children. Houses were set on fire, and people were disposed without any shelter in the rainy season. Those with possessions sold them and bought food. Some tried to find food in abandoned fields, but were driven back by Katangan military personnel. Maize grains and maniac root were the only food options. Many became ill with kwashiorkor and dysentery, and as many as 35 people died daily. The Red Cross counted 640 deaths between March 20 and May 25, 1993. The hatred ran deep, and mixed marriages suffered. Most families left by train, but the conditions in Kananga were the same as in Kolwezi. Food rations were inadequate. The refugee camps had bottled water, but access meant a very long wait. There was no income and no facility to plan for the future.

  9. [Othello's error again: application of the source monitoring model in the assessment of testimony credibility and the influence of emotional stress].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bembibre Serrano, Judit; Higueras Cortés, Lorenzo

    2010-02-01

    Othello's error again: Application of the source monitoring model in the assessment of testimony credibility and the influence of emotional stress. Two experiments, in which 240 individuals, matched in sex, were interviewed by 8 psychologists and 10 police officers, were carried out to check whether the categories of the source monitoring model help to distinguish between a true and a false testimony. In the first experiment, lies were meant to exonerate a criminal (a rapist) and, in the second one, the goal was to accuse an innocent person, a condition not described in the literature about the application of the model. In both cases, we assessed the emotional state of the interviewees using the Spanish version of the Profile of Moods States (POMS). The results suggest that this model is more effective when the person who has been instructed to lie is subjected to a stressful emotional situation, that is, when a lie wrongly blames criminal actions on an innocent person. The forensic importance of these results is discussed.

  10. A fala fora de lugar: testemunho, resto, tempo e linguagem em Ricardo Piglia The speech misplaced: testimony, remnants, time and language in Ricardo Piglia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafaela Scardino

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Um pensamento dedicado ao problema do testemunho defronta, não raro, questões relacionadas, intrinsecamente, a tempo e linguagem. Tais questões surgem no debate como conceitos de larga abordagem, uma vez que acompanham, por milênios, o desenvolvimento das meditações humanas. Giorgio Agamben, em parte significativa de sua obra, insere, no debate acerca do testemunho, um relevante ponto de discussão: o resto. Buscando refletir sobre esses aspectos, em especial sobre testemunho, resto, tempo e linguagem, propomo-nos a analisar o romance A cidade ausente, de Ricardo Piglia, de modo a investigar, na narrativa do escritor argentino, os mecanismos textuais que interrogam as possibilidades (e impossibilidades de constituição da experiência na contemporaneidade.Un pensamiento dedicado al problema del testimonio enfrenta, a menudo, problemas relacionados al tiempo y el lenguaje. Estas cuestiones surgen en el debate como conceptos de largo enfoque, una vez que acompañan el desarrollo de las meditaciones humanas. Giorgio Agamben, en importante parte de su obra, inserta en el debate sobre el testigo, un punto relevante de la discusión: el resto. Buscando reflexionar sobre estos aspectos, especialmente sobre el testimonio, el resto, el tiempo y el lenguaje, nos proponemos analizar la novela La ciudad ausente, de Ricardo Piglia, de modo a investigar, en la narrativa del escritor argentino, los mecanismos textuales que cuestionan las posibilidades (e imposibilidades de la constitución de la experiencia en la contemporaneidad.A thought devoted to the problem of testimony is often obliged to face questions related to time and language. Such issues arise in the debate as concepts of a broader approach, since they are attached to the development of human meditations. Giorgio Agamben, in a significant part of his work, inserts, in the debate about testimony, a relevant point of discussion: the remnant. Seeking to on these aspects, particularly on

  11. Residential Treatment Programs: Concerns Regarding Abuse and Death in Certain Programs for Troubled Youth. Testimony before the Committee on Education and Labor, House of Representatives. GAO-08-146T

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kutz, Gregory D.; O'Connell, Andy

    2007-01-01

    Residential treatment programs provide a range of services, including drug and alcohol treatment, confidence building, military-style discipline, and psychological counseling for troubled boys and girls with a variety of addiction, behavioral, and emotional problems. This testimony concerns programs across the country referring to themselves as…

  12. Testimony on Segregation and Housing Discrimination in the Hispanic Community, before Subcommittee on Housing and Community Development, Committee on Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs, United States House of Representatives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Council of La Raza, Washington, DC. Office of Research Advocacy and Legislation.

    In this testimony before the House Subcommittee on Housing and Community Development, the Director of Policy Analysis for the National Council of La Raza discusses the segregation and housing discrimination faced by Hispanic Americans. He contends that housing conditions for much of the Hispanic community are inadequate, due largely to low income…

  13. Oral Testimony from the Hispanic Community of Greater Boston; Programa Para el Desarrollo de un Curriculo Universitario en Estudios Etnicos Puertorriquenos y Cubanos (Program for the Development of a University Curriculum in Puerto Rican and Cuban Ethnic Studies).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forbes, Robert J., Ed.

    The oral testimony presented in this document was designed to supplement materials, strategies, and recommendations contained in "Guidelines for the Development of a Program in Puerto Rican and Cuban Ethnic Heritage Studies at the Post-Secondary Level" (Curry College, 1976). Part 1, "The Hispanic Media," consists of interviews…

  14. Environmental Health: Opportunities for Greater Focus, Direction, and Top-Level Commitment to Children's Health at EPA. Testimony Before the Committee on Environment and Public Works, U.S. Senate. GAO-10-545T

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stephenson, John B.

    2010-01-01

    This testimony discusses highlights of GAO's report about the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) efforts to institutionalize the protection of children's health. EPA's mission is to protect human health and the environment. As a result of mounting evidence about the special vulnerabilities of the developing fetus and child, the federal…

  15. Opportunities to Reduce Fragmentation, Overlap, and Potential Duplication in Federal Teacher Quality and Employment and Training Programs. Testimony before the Committee on Education and the Workforce, House of Representatives. GAO-11-509T

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dodaro, Gene L.

    2011-01-01

    This testimony discusses US Government Accountability Office's (GAO's) recent report entitled "Opportunities to Reduce Potential Duplication in Government Programs, Save Tax Dollars, and Enhance Revenue." This report delineates dozens of areas across government where fragmentation, overlap, and potential duplication merit the attention of Congress…

  16. NIOSH testimony on polychlorinated biphenyls before the Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations, House Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce, by A. Robbins, March 12, 1980

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1980-03-12

    The testimony concerned the efforts of NIOSH in a study of worker exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) at selected General Services Administration (GSA) facilities in the area of metropolitan Washington. The GSA employees being studied were exposed to transformer fluids containing PCBs in the National Capital Region. NIOSH was to review work practices, recommend appropriate PCB handling procedures, and measure airborne levels of PCBs and certain other chemicals. An internal audit at the site had revealed that the PCB material was being improperly stored at the Switch Gear Shop; 43 employees reported various health problems such as sterility, headaches, nausea, skin rashes and loss of appetite. The health of these 43 workers will be compared with a comparison group of unexposed GSA employees. The workers will be given complete medical examinations, including special tests to determine if they suffer from infertility, liver damage, nerve damage, or impairment of lung function.

  17. Beyond K's Specter: Chang-rae Lee’s A Gesture Life, Comfort Women Testimonies, and Asian American Transnational Aesthetics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Belinda Kong

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available

    This essay argues that Chang-rae Lee’s novel A Gesture Life exemplifies both the conceptual gains and the potential pitfalls of current Asian American literature’s transnationalism. The first section of the essay discusses the interlocking of psychoanalytic theory and political philosophy, specifically Freud’s uncanny and Arendt’s banality of evil, in Lee’s portrait of the psychology of criminal repression. The second section juxtaposes Lee’s novel against real-life comfort women’s survivor testimonies to probe broader questions of historical memory, politicized historiography, and the modes of circulation and authority in contemporary international comfort women discourse. The final section, which recontextualizes Lee’s novel within current debates in Asian and Asian American Studies, argues against a paradigm of alterity vis-à-vis the comfort women and proposes instead a transnational aesthetic premised on the human.

  18. L’audizione di Paolo Sylos Labini dinanzi alla Commissione parlamentare sui problemi del monopolio: quali insegnamenti per il presente. (Paolo Sylos Labini's Testimony at the Italian Parliamentary Inquiry Commission on Competition: Lessons for the Present

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pierluigi Sabbatini

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The author underlines the contributions of Sylos Labini's testimony at the Italian Parliamentary Inquiry Commission on Competition, held in 1962. He focuses on issues of antitrust enforcement, in terms of: accountability, prioritization of Antitrust interventions and checks on market power. Text of the speech given at the conference "Paolo Sylos Labini e la politica delle riforme", held at Sapienza University of Rome on 04 December 2015, organized by the Accademia dei Lincei and Economia civile.

  19. The golden age of Drosophila research at the Universidade de São Paulo (USP): A testimonial on the decades 1940–1950

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Magalhães, Luiz Edmundo; Vilela, Carlos Ribeiro

    2014-01-01

    This article is a testimonial written by the first author regarding the research work performed with Drosophila between 1943 and 1959, at the Departamento de Biologia Geral of the Universidade de São Paulo (USP), which permitted the building of a nucleus of excellence. This research work, focused on the systematics and population genetics of the Neotropical species, began during the first of Dobzhansky’s six visits to USP. Special attention was given to the multinational megaprojects conducted during his longer stays, from August 1948 to July 1949 and from June 1955 to July 1956. The role played by the Rockefeller Foundation is duly remembered, and so is the undeniable contribution brought by Dobzhansky, to the establishment of several laboratories dedicated to research in the field of natural population genetics and to the qualification of human resources. On the other hand, important “backstage” episodes are retrieved which were omitted in the official history and occurred from the planning to the execution of the project, carried out on the Angra dos Reis islands. Special attention was given to the relationship problems which resulted from Dobzhansky’s, the leader’s, difficult personality and contributed to the failure of the second and last multinational project. PMID:24688301

  20. The golden age of Drosophila research at the Universidade de São Paulo (USP): A testimonial on the decades 1940-1950.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Magalhães, Luiz Edmundo; Vilela, Carlos Ribeiro

    2014-03-01

    This article is a testimonial written by the first author regarding the research work performed with Drosophila between 1943 and 1959, at the Departamento de Biologia Geral of the Universidade de São Paulo (USP), which permitted the building of a nucleus of excellence. This research work, focused on the systematics and population genetics of the Neotropical species, began during the first of Dobzhansky's six visits to USP. Special attention was given to the multinational megaprojects conducted during his longer stays, from August 1948 to July 1949 and from June 1955 to July 1956. The role played by the Rockefeller Foundation is duly remembered, and so is the undeniable contribution brought by Dobzhansky, to the establishment of several laboratories dedicated to research in the field of natural population genetics and to the qualification of human resources. On the other hand, important "backstage" episodes are retrieved which were omitted in the official history and occurred from the planning to the execution of the project, carried out on the Angra dos Reis islands. Special attention was given to the relationship problems which resulted from Dobzhansky's, the leader's, difficult personality and contributed to the failure of the second and last multinational project.

  1. Analysis of the origin and importance of acetone and isopropanol levels in the blood of the deceased for medico-legal testimony.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borowska-Solonynko, A; Siwińska-Ziółkowska, A; Piotrkowicz, M; Wysmołek, M; Demkow, M

    2014-01-01

    The aim of the study was to analyze the incidence of acetone and isopropanol in the blood of the deceased, and to assess cases in which the compounds have been detected with a focus on their origin and usefulness for medico-legal testimony. The study material consisted of results of tests detecting ethyl alcohol and reports of autopsies performed at the Department of Forensic Medicine, Medical University of Warsaw, from January 2008 to April 2009 - a total of 2,475 cases. The test group proper (group B) comprised only those cases in which acetone was detected in blood, either with or without isopropanol [n = 202 (8.2%)]. The blood levels of isopropanol varied depending on the cause of death. The need for differentiating the origin of isopropanol in the case of its presence in the blood of the deceased was pointed out. The results of the present study show that the differentiation should be based on the isopropanol and acetone concentration ratio, as isopropanol concentration alone is not sufficient for preparing expert opinions. Even high concentrations of isopropanol, when accompanied by even higher concentrations of acetone, imply that isopropanol could have been formed as a result of acetone transformations. Isopropanol concentrations exceeding acetone levels strongly point to the exogenous origin of isopropanol, particularly when high levels of ethanol are concurrently detected.

  2. The Category of Testimony as an Axis of Fundamental Ecclesiology: The Credibility of the Church in the Work of Salvador Pié-Ninot

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Bouma

    2018-02-01

    Full Text Available The article presents the fundamental ecclesiology of the contemporary Catholic theologian Salvador Pie-Ninot (*1941. The text shows the way in which he solves the question of the credibility of the Church and the attitudes of private Christianity with its negative attitude towards the Church (believing without belonging. Pie-Ninot underlines that the credibility of the Church is dependent on revelation and that the character of faith is ecclesial. He interconnects the last two councils: the concept of the Church, whose divine character is approachable by man (via empirica, the way of experience as it is taught by the First Vatican Council, with the ecclesial stances of the Second Vatican Council, which reduces the emphasis on the attributes of the Church in favour of revelation, the person of Jesus Christ and a personal relationship to him. Pie-Ninot then offers the way of testimony, which includes the outer (for example, apostolic tradition and inner form of churchly reality (personal life according to the demands of the Gospel and perceives the Church as a privileged space of God’s revelation and salvation.

  3. Testimony of the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health on the Occupational Safety and Health Administration's proposed rule on hazard communication

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Millar, J.D.; Niemeier, R.W.; Reed, L.D.; Johnson, D.L.; Ahlers, H.W.

    1988-12-06

    The testimony was presented in support of earlier information concerning OSHA's final rule to extend coverage of the Hazard Communication Standard to those workers in nonmanufacturing employment as well as those employed in the manufacturing sector. The concept of hazard communication in the workplace was fully supported by NIOSH. It would be desirable to achieve uniformity in the design of and information contained on labels generated by the various industries. One general concern about the OSHA rule was the lack of detailed guidelines on scientific criteria for making the determination of whether a substance is hazardous. The efforts of NIOSH which would be useful as a source of information in determining hazards were again cited. NIOSH agreed with OSHA's view that the extent of risk or size of employer should not be determining factors with regard to a decision as to whether the information must be conveyed. Consumer products used in an industrial setting may carry hazards beyond those anticipated in the home and should also be covered in the label requirements. Material-safety data sheets would provide a base determination of hazard potential and enhance the ability of both employers and workers to identify hazardous chemicals.

  4. Magic and memory: using conjuring to explore the effects of suggestion, social influence, and paranormal belief on eyewitness testimony for an ostensibly paranormal event.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Krissy; French, Christopher C

    2014-01-01

    This study uses conjuring to investigate the effects of suggestion, social influence, and paranormal belief upon the accuracy of eyewitness testimony for an ostensibly paranormal event. Participants watched a video of an alleged psychic seemingly bending a metal key by the power of psychokinesis. Half the participants heard the fake psychic suggest that the key continued to bend after it had been put down on a table and half did not. Additionally, participants were exposed to either a negative social influence (a stooge co-witness reporting that the key did not continue to bend), no social influence, or a positive social influence (a stooge co-witness reporting that the key did continue to bend). Participants who were exposed to the verbal suggestion were significantly more likely to report that the key continued to bend. Additionally, more participants reported that the key continued to bend in the positive social influence condition compared to the other two social influence conditions. Finally, believers in the paranormal were more likely to report that the key continued to bend than non-believers.

  5. Magic and memory: Using conjuring to explore the effects of suggestion, social influence and paranormal belief on eyewitness testimony for an ostensibly paranormal event

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krissy eWilson

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available This study uses conjuring to investigate the effects of suggestion, social influence and paranormal belief upon the accuracy of eyewitness testimony for an ostensibly paranormal event. Participants watched a video of an alleged psychic seemingly bending a metal key by the power of psychokinesis. Half the participants heard the fake psychic suggest that the key continued to bend after it had been put down on a table and half did not. Additionally, participants were exposed to either a negative social influence (a stooge co-witness reporting that the key did not continue to bend, no social influence, or a positive social influence (a stooge co-witness reporting that the key did continue to bend. Participants who were exposed to the verbal suggestion were significantly more likely to report that the key continued to bend. Additionally, more participants reported that the key continued to bend in the positive social influence condition compared to the other two social influence conditions. Finally, believers in the paranormal were more likely to report that the key continued to bend than non-believers.

  6. [Medico-legal opinions in cases for annulment of testament. Part II. Final conclusions of opinions. Quality of medical documentation. Evaluation of witnesses' testimonies].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marcinkowski, Jerzy T; Klimberg, Aneta

    2007-01-01

    The percentage of cases, in which devisors were unable to devise properly was high, what was mostly associated with the frequent drawing up of testaments by chronically ill individuals immediately before death. Grounds for pronouncing the devisor lacking in testamentary capacity were observed in 46.6% of cases, while 39.7% of devisors were found to lack free expression of will. Medical records were available in all the cases, including psychiatric records in 20.5% of cases and neurological records in 20.5%. In the majority of instances, the low quality of medical records hindered formulating expert opinions. The fact that in the majority of cases, the testimonies of witnesses were highly divergent indicated that they were either unable to assess the mental state of the devisor or else were themselves interested in the settlement of the case. Frequently, attending physicians from non-psychiatric wards were unable to answer questions on the mental state of the devisor, what resulted from their focusing on the somatic cause of hospitalization and the fact that their contact with the patient was very limited in time. Problems with certification on the basis of medical records were mainly associated with lacking psychiatric or neurological consults performed at the time the testament was drawn up; in some instances, the entire medical records from that period were missing. For this reason, individuals desiring to prepare a last will should be advised to undergo voluntary psychiatric assessment in this period. Medico-legal opinions in testament cases are difficult and time-consuming, but pleading one's case before the court is even more tedious and difficult.

  7. The Epistemology of Religious Testimony

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Bruin, Boudewijn

    2013-01-01

    Swinburne’s The Existence of God purports to provide evidence that God very probably exists. While most of the evidence considered is publicly available, Swinburne’s Argument from Religious Experience considers private evidence gained from private religious experiences. Philipse, in God in the Age

  8. Propaganda Impressa de Serviços Educacionais: uma investigação sobre o impacto da fotografia das instalações e do testemunhal sobre atitudes/Print Advertising of Educational Services: an investigation on the impact of the pictures facilities and testimonial about attitudes/Propaganda Impresa de Servicios Educacionales: una investigación sobre el impacto de la fotografía de las instalaciones y del testimonio sobre actitudes

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Eduardo André Teixeira Ayrosa; Marcos Henrique Facó

    2010-01-01

    .... The services management literature suggests that using stimuli such as pictures of the facilities and alumni testimonials may help to turn tangible the offer of services so strongly intangible as higher education...

  9. Los usos del testimonio en los estudios de la memoria. El caso de las violaciones masivas a los derechos humanos en la Argentina (Testimony uses in memory studies. The case of gross violations to human rights in Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julieta Mira

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available The memory study as an interdisciplinary field in Latin-America has been constructing and consolidating from the nineties of the 20th Century; which gained a driving force from the need to approach the topics regarding the political violence and the massive human rights violations perpetrated by the last military dictatorships. The testimony emerges as a favoured source from which reconstruct the memory of diverse historical-political events, as those linked with gross human rights violations. Taking in advance this challenging opportunity, the research work with testimony requires the comprehension of the sense and the uses, the scope and the limitations of the actors´ (survivors speech as witnesses of violence. This article proposes itself a complex and critical approach to the testimony from a methodological perspective, focused in the case of the last Argentine dictatorship (1976-1983.El campo interdisciplinario de estudio sobre la memoria en Latinoamérica se fue conformando y consolidando desde los años noventa del siglo XX; el cual fue impulsado desde la necesidad de abordar las temáticas relativas a la violencia política y a las violaciones masivas a los derechos humanos en las últimas dictaduras militares. El testimonio emerge como una fuente privilegiada a partir de la cual reconstruir la memoria de diversos sucesos histórico-políticos, como aquellos vinculados a graves violaciones a los derechos humanos. Ante esta desafiante oportunidad, el trabajo de investigación con el testimonio precisa la comprensión del sentido y de los usos, del alcance y de las limitaciones de la palabra de los actores que fueron testigos (supervivientes de violencia. Este artículo se propone desde una mirada metodológica un acercamiento complejo y crítico al testimonio haciendo foco en el caso de la última dictadura militar en la Argentina (1976-1983. DOWNLOAD THIS PAPER FROM SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=3055033

  10. Depoimento de crianças: um divisor de águas nos processos judiciais? Testimonio de niños: una inflexión en los procesos judiciales? Children's testimonial: a watershed in judicial proceedings?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leila Maria Torraca de Brito

    2012-08-01

    consecuencias de elegirse la palabra del niño como la principal prueba acusatoria.This paper seeks to present the testimonies of children and how have being considered in court decisions related to cases involving allegations of sexual abuse against children. To this end, we analyzed court decisions of three Brazilian courts issued in the period between August 2009 and March of 2010. By employing content analysis to evaluate the material obtained, it was observed a wide application and evaluation of the testimony of children, justified by the fact that such occurrences have no other witnesses, nor would give evidences, and the need to combat impunity in those crimes. Other allegations were used: the presumption of correctness given to the child's word, the strength and consistency of reports and the lack of reasons for the child falsely accusing the defendant. We conclude by indicating interdisciplinary studies to assess possible consequences of electing the child's word as a main legal proof.

  11. L'œuvre d'art en tant que témoignage: les artistes confrontés à la guerre La obra de arte como testimonio: los artistas frente a la guerra Art work as a testimony: artists facing the war

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dolores Fernández Martínez

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo surge como respuesta a la pregunta de si el arte puede ser considerado fuente testimonial como lo son los documentos escritos que habitualmente tienen en cuenta los historiadores para sus estudios. Pero este tema en arte es complejo. Tenemos el ejemplo universal de Goya, dando testimonio de lo que vio durante la guerra de la independencia, y tenemos distintos dibujos realizados por judíos en los campos de exterminio nazis o de artistas españoles republicanos en los campos de concentración franceses. Pero también está el ejemplo de Picasso cuando pinta « Guernica ». ¿Hasta qué punto este ejemplo, que responde a los anhelos de un pueblo, puede considerarse testimonio? Es indudable que el tema es interesante tratarlo en estos momentos en que asistimos a un gran debate en torno a la memoria histórica, tanto en España como en otros países europeos, y surgen artistas jóvenes que tratan la guerra civil española o el franquismo sin haberlo vividoThis article springs off as an answer to the question of whether we can consider art, as a testimonial source like the written documents that historians use to manage for their studies? But this issue, related to art, is rather complex. We have the universal example of Goya, giving testimony of what he saw during independence war, and we have several drawings made by jews at the Nazis extermination camps or those of republican Spanish artists at the French concentration camps. But there is also the example of Picasso painting « Guernica ». To what extent this example, that portraits the yearnings of people, can be considered testimonial? Undoubtedly this is an interesting subject nowadays, with the ongoing debate about historical memory that is tacking place in Spain and in some other European countries, and the new young artists that make the Spanish civil war or Franco’s regime their subject without having lived them

  12. Situated practices of testimony. A rhetorical approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paula OLMOS

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Contrary to most current epistemologists who concentrate on core cases of rather ‘spontaneous’ (deliberately  de-contextualized  trust  and  belief  in the  face  of  assertions,  Classical  rhetoricians  addressed  the study of ‘testimony’ as an (at least two-acts phenomenon: that of the ‘disclosure’ of information and that of the ‘appeal’ to its authority in subsequent discursive practices. Moreover, they primarily focused on this second phase as they assumed that it was such argumentative setting that finally gave ‘testimonial’ relevance to the first act. According to this ‘rhetorical’ model, then, it is the dynamics (by means of an in medias res approach  and  pragmatics  (by means  of  a  deliberate  attention  to  specifically  ‘situated’  practices  of  such complex process that is the core issue regarding ‘testimony’.

  13. Musical Hunger: A Philosophical Testimonial of Miseducation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laird, Susan

    2009-01-01

    Reflecting upon Simone Weil's conception of beauty as food, this essay proposes musical hunger as a metaphoric way of understanding a particular species of "cultural miseducation" as conceived by Jane Roland Martin, that disadvantages children musically and perhaps therefore also spiritually. It examines such musical miseducation with regard to an…

  14. Testimony on Physical Fitness for Older Persons.

    Science.gov (United States)

    President's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports, Washington, DC.

    Collected here are fourteen statements on the beneficial effects of physical fitness programs for older persons presented at hearings before the Subcommittee on Aging of the Committee on Labor and Public Welfare, U.S. Senate. Areas discussed include: What research tells us regarding the contribution of exercise to the health of older people;…

  15. Rusalies: The Testimony of Byzantine Tradition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    VIN Yu.Ya.

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The festival of rusalies is one of the paganism relics in the medieval Byzantium. It was the subject of numerous special studies, where Byzantine traditions unfortunately recede to the background. The modern scientific summaries disregard the information on rusalies, actualizing the further study of paganism reception in the medieval Byzantium. There is an indirect connection between the rusaly and Brumaly, rituals of masquers and Slavonian Christmas carols, as well as between times of their celebration. The Byzantine tradition of rusalies deserves systematic representation from the point of view of modern historical science along with preceeding religious cults. The medieval church canons blame and forbid any pagan relics, including rusalies. They appear as the alive custom, which was observed by inhabitants of provincial settlements. Being the form of people’s religiosity, rusalies have their significance as the aspect of spiritual culture in the development of medieval Byzantine society.

  16. A New Testimony on the Platonist Gaius

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    Michele Trizio

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available A comment of John Italos on Arist. De interpr. 7 refers to the view of “the philosopher Gaius” on contradictories, indicating that this Middle Platonist could still be consulted, either directly or indirectly, in the 11th century.

  17. Testimony. Subcommittee on Elementary, Secondary & Vocational Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lynch, Edward J.

    The largest public community college in Michigan, Macomb Community College (MCC), is located in the county that is most closely tied to Michigan's automobile industry. Because of recent high unemployment in the automobile industry, MCC must now expand its occupational offerings to meet the needs of displaced workers who must either gain new skills…

  18. Impact of entrainment and impingement on fish populations in the Hudson River Estuary. Volume II. Impingement impact analyses, evaluations of alternative screening devices, and critiques of utility testimony relating to density-dependent growth, the age-composition of the striped bass spawning stock, and the LMS real-time life cycle model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Barnthouse, L. W.; Van Winkle, W.; Golumbek, J.; Cada, G. F.; Goodyear, C. P.; Christensen, S. W.; Cannon, J. B.; Lee, D. W.

    1982-04-01

    This volume includes a series of four exhibits relating to impacts of impingement on fish populations, together with a collection of critical evaluations of testimony prepared for the utilities by their consultants. The first exhibit is a quantitative evaluation of four sources of bias (collection efficiency, reimpingement, impingement on inoperative screens, and impingement survival) affecting estimates of the number of fish killed at Hudson River power plants. The two following exhibits contain, respectively, a detailed assessment of the impact of impingement on the Hudson River white perch population and estimates of conditional impingement mortality rates for seven Hudson River fish populations. The fourth exhibit is an evaluation of the engineering feasibility and potential biological effectiveness of several types of modified intake structures proposed as alternatives to cooling towers for reducing impingement impacts. The remainder of Volume II consists of critical evaluations of the utilities' empirical evidence for the existence of density-dependent growth in young-of-the-year striped bass and white perch, of their estimate of the age-composition of the striped bass spawning stock in the Hudson River, and of their use of the Lawler, Matusky, and Skelly (LMS) Real-Time Life Cycle Model to estimate the impact of entrainment and impingement on the Hudson River striped bass population.

  19. War is hazardous for your health: photographs and testimonies about death, wounds, disease and medical care during the Mexican Revolution Guerra é prejudicial à sua saúde: fotografias e testemunhos sobre morte, ferimentos, doenças e cuidados médicos durante a Revolução Mexicana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Mraz

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Revolutionary wars have devastating and far-reaching effects on the health of the populations caught up in them. However, the deaths and injuries produced by weaponry are only part of the story, because diseases resulting from malnutrition and contaminated drinking water account for the majority of medical problems. This essay uses photographs and testimonies of participants to explore health issues during the Mexican Revolution (1910-1920, as well as incorporating secondary literature on this question. Furthermore, photographic images are not presented as simple (indexical windows onto the world. Rather, the author attempts to identify the imagemakers and provide explanations that help in imagining the reasons behind the making of the photographs.Revoluções armadas têm efeitos devastadores e de longo alcance sobre a saúde das populações envolvidas. No entanto, mortes e ferimentos produzidos por armas são apenas parte da história, pois doenças resultantes de má nutrição e contaminação da água potável são responsáveis pela maior parte dos problemas médicos. O artigo utiliza fotografias e testemunhos de participantes para investigar questões de saúde durante a Revolução Mexicana (1910-1920, incorporando também literatura secundária sobre a questão. As imagens fotográficas não são apresentadas simplesmente como janelas (indexadores para o mundo. Tenta-se identificar os autores das imagens e construir explanações que ajudem a imaginar as razões por que cada fotografia foi tirada.

  20. Co-Producing Conceptual Art: A Conservator’s Testimony

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stigter, S.

    2015-01-01

    Installing a conceptual artwork together with the artist may shift the role of the conservator to that of co-producer. This enforces a critical reflection on the notion of art conservation and the function of documentation. During the materialization of Jan Dibbets’ variable installation 'All

  1. Memory in Comics: Testimonial, Autobiographical and Historical Space in MAUS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Merino

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available IntroductionIn Adult Comics: An Introduction Roger Sabin explained how between 1986 and 1987 the term ‘graphic novel’ became recognized mostly as a result of the success of Frank Miller’s Batman: The Dark Knight Returns, Alan Moore and Dave Gibbons’ Watchmen, and Art Spiegelman’s MAUS. This type of comic signified a revolutionary evolution towards an elaborate adult perspective. From the lesser and ephemeral space of the children’s comic, there was a shift towards the graphic novels for adult...

  2. YHWH, the God of new beginnings: Micah’s testimony

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wilhelm Wessels

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The book of Micah is known for its judgement oracles against the leadership structures in the Southern Kingdom, Judah. Besides the judgement oracles, however, the book also contains oracles of salvation. Scholars have noted and commented on this interruption of predominant judgement oracles by oracles of salvation. The composition of the book has been scrutinised, with many scholars suggesting that the salvation oracles were inserted later to soften the harsh, condemning nature of the book. For the purposes of this article I would like to propose a theological reading of the juxtaposition of Micah 3:12 and 4:1, two passages containing judgement and salvation oracles respectively. The solutions offered to explain the drastic contrast between these two passages have to a great extent reached an impasse. However, from a theological perspective, I argue that these two radically contradictory messages are a reflection of the very nature of YHWH’s interaction with his people. Micah 3:12 reflects a point in history where YHWH has had enough of morally corrupt leaders and people, and announces that he is bringing matters to a painful end. However, YHWH is also the God of new beginnings. He states in Micah 4:1ff. that there will come a day when things will change for the better for the people of Judah and that a time of restoration will come for his people. His desire remains to be their God and to restore them to be his people. The article seeks to show that this example, which reflects YHWH as the God of new beginnings, is not an isolated example in the prophetic literature, but consistent with YHWH’s nature.

  3. The problem of evasive testimony: the expert "waffle".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gutheil, Thomas G

    2007-01-01

    Confronted with a difficult, unexpected, or confrontational question, an expert witness may answer by attempting to overwhelm the questioner with words, sometimes highly evasive ones, that avoid, rather than actually address, the question asked. Such a discursive response is sometimes called a "waffle," as in "The expert's answer was a waffle." This review notes some examples of this phenomenon and attempts to categorize them in a meaningful way. An ancillary goal of this discussion may be to aid experts in focusing their answers.

  4. Transitivity And The Narrator's Role In Selected TRC Testimonies

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Information Technology

    analytical concepts and frameworks drawn from Systemic Functional Linguistics, we show how the different narrators' roles and perspectives on the events shape their choice of genre and their construal of experience. The narrators in question are Mr Colin De Souza, a young activist from Bonteheuwel, and his mother, Mrs ...

  5. YHWH, the God of new beginnings: Micah’s testimony

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wilhelm Wessels

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available The book of Micah is known for its judgement oracles against the leadership structures in the Southern Kingdom, Judah. Besides the judgement oracles, however, the book also contains oracles of salvation. Scholars have noted and commented on this interruption of predominant judgement oracles by oracles of salvation. The composition of the book has been scrutinised, with many scholars suggesting that the salvation oracles were inserted later to soften the harsh, condemning nature of the book. For the purposes of this article I would like to propose a theological reading of the juxtaposition of Micah 3:12 and 4:1, two passages containing judgement and salvation oracles respectively. The solutions offered to explain the drastic contrast between these two passages have to a great extent reached an impasse. However, from a theological perspective, I argue that these two radically contradictory messages are a reflection of the very nature of YHWH’s interaction with his people. Micah 3:12 reflects a point in history where YHWH has had enough of morally corrupt leaders and people, and announces that he is bringing matters to a painful end. However, YHWH is also the God of new beginnings. He states in Micah 4:1ff. that there will come a day when things will change for the better for the people of Judah and that a time of restoration will come for his people. His desire remains to be their God and to restore them to be his people. The article seeks to show that this example, which reflects YHWH as the God of new beginnings, is not an isolated example in the prophetic literature, but consistent with YHWH’s nature.

  6. Writing Wounded: Trauma, Testimony, and Critical Witness in Literacy Classrooms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dutro, Elizabeth

    2011-01-01

    In this article, the author emphasizes the importance of acknowledging the "hard stuff" of life in literacy classrooms. She considers how difficult experiences--exposed wounds and the "exposing" of wounds--function in literacy classrooms. She is particularly interested in how such experiences, as they enter the public spaces of schools and…

  7. Eating a Home: Food, Imaginary Selves and Study Abroad Testimonials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanna, Barbara E.

    2016-01-01

    Discourses around Study Abroad (SA) consistently portray a transformational experience for participants who return home forever changed. This article investigates how such change is inscribed in texts addressed to Australian tertiary students considering SA. Acknowledging the significant role of the non-study component of SA in triggering change,…

  8. Health impact of human rights testimony: harming the most vulnerable?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meffert, Susan M; Shome, Shonali; Neylan, Thomas C; Musalo, Karen; Fineberg, Harvey V; Cooke, Molly M; Volberding, Paul A; Goosby, Eric P

    2016-01-01

    Current legal efforts to document human rights violations typically include interviews in which survivors are asked to provide detailed descriptions of their traumatic experiences during a single meeting. Research on similar interview techniques used as part of a mental health treatment (eg, debriefing) has raised concerns that they might worsen mental health-more than doubling the risk of post-traumatic stress disorder in some studies. While controversy over the mental health impact of debriefing continues, debriefing treatments have been discontinued in most clinics nearly 2 decades ago. The purpose of this article is to promote the development and integration of preventative measures to limit potential mental health damage associated with legal endeavours to address human rights violations and international crimes. Given the recent growth of the field of global mental health and its current capacity to provide feasible, acceptable, effective care in low-resource settings, we propose a research agenda to identify the mental health impact of current human rights legal practices and test a model of scalable medicolegal care that minimises risk by integrating mental health monitoring and applying up-to-date models of trauma treatment, including multiple meeting sessions, as indicated. As the fields of global health, human rights law, international criminal law and transitional justice increasingly overlap in their efforts to assist communities affected by grave violence, we propose that synchronising efforts may offer important opportunities to improve mental health for survivors.

  9. Sexual Violence, Predatory Masculinity, and Medical Testimony in New Spain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tortorici, Zeb

    2015-01-01

    This essay examines the medical and legal construction of predatory masculinity in New Spain by contrasting criminal cases of rape [estupro] with those of violent or coercive sodomy [sodomía]. In the context of male-female rape, the rulings of most criminal and ecclesiastical courts imply that predatory masculinity was a "natural" manifestation of male sexual desire, whereas in cases of sodomy and nonconsensual sexual acts between men, courts viewed such desire as "against nature." The processes by which the colonial state prosecuted certain sexual crimes simultaneously criminalized and validated predatory masculinity. By analyzing the roles of the medics, surgeons, and midwives who examined the bodies of the male and female victims in these cases, this essay argues for a commonality in the authoritative judgments based on medical evidence, whether conclusive or inconclusive.

  10. Identitat, mitjans de comunicació i testimonis, setembre 2010

    OpenAIRE

    Aira Foix, Toni

    2010-01-01

    Ho va deixar escrit el reporter Ryskard Kapuscinki: "Es diu que els mitjans són el quart poder, però jo apujaria el seu lloc en el rànquing. Ja sabem que el seu paper en la política és cada vegada més rellevant i que ha fet que insurrectes i colpistes de tota mena canviessin l'objectiu dels seus atacs a tot el món: abans assetjaven palaus presidencials i seus de governs i parlaments, mentre que ara intenten fer-se en primer lloc amb el control de les emissores de ràdio i televisió. No deu ser...

  11. Traduzir Ariosto: um depoimento Translating Ariosto: a testimonial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Garcez Ghirardi

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Traduzir o Orlando Furioso requer não só redescobrir a "loucura" do poema, mas respeitar sua expressão clássica. Essas ideias levam o autor a comentar alguns aspectos de sua tradução.Translating Orlando Furioso requires both rediscovering the "insanity" in the poem and respecting its classical expression. These ideas lead the author to commenting on some aspects of his own translation.

  12. DO TESTIMONIES OF TRAUMATIC EVENTS DIFFER DEPENDING ON THE INTERVIEWER?

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Rebecca Brönnimann; Jane Herlihy; Julia Müller; Ulrike Ehlert

    2013-01-01

      While differences in witness narratives due to different interviewers may have implications for their credibility in court, this study considers how investigative interviews by different parties...

  13. Institutional Repository saber.ula.ve: A testimonial perspective

    CERN Document Server

    Briceno, Y; Nunez, L A; Salager-Meyer, F; Rojas, A; Torrens, R

    2009-01-01

    In this paper, we describe our decade-long experience of building and operating one of the most active Institutional Repository in the world: www.saber.ula.ve (University of the Andes, Merida-Venezuela). In order to share our experience with other institutions, we firstly explain the steps we followed to preserve and disseminate the scientific production of the University of Los Andes' researchers. We then present some recent quantitative results about our repository activities and we outline some methodological guidelines that could be applied in order to replicate similar experiences. These guidelines list the ingredients or building blocks as well as the processes followed for developing and maintaining the services of an Institutional Repository. These include technological infrastructure; institutional policies on preservation, publication and dissemination of knowledge; recommendations on incentives for open access publication; the process of selection, testing and adaptation of technological tools; th...

  14. Razões e reflexos da gravidez na adolescência: narrativas dos membros da família Embarazo en la adolescencia: razions y reflejo en las familia narrativas de los miembros de la familia Reasons and consequences of adolescent pregnancy: testimonies of family members

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiza Akiko Komura Hoga

    2010-03-01

    countries. This article describes the factors that contribute to teenage pregnancy and the impact it has on the family - from the point of view of the family members. The present research applied the qualitative approach and was developed using the method of narrative analysis to interview 19 individuals who experienced pregnancy during adolescence in a family context. Two descriptive categories emerged from these testimonies. a The factors that contribute to adolescent pregnancy b Consequences of pregnancy on the family and impact on the life of the adolescent. Pregnancy during adolescence has an impact on the family dynamics, and its characteristics can vary depending on the beliefs and values that exist in each family. Systematized data associated to this problem should be obtained in order to provide adequate attention to the demands of adolescents and their family members

  15. Propaganda Impressa de Serviços Educacionais: uma investigação sobre o impacto da fotografia das instalações e do testemunhal sobre atitudesPrint Advertising of Educational Services: an investigation on the impact of the pictures facilities and testimonial about attitudesPropaganda Impresa de Servicios Educacionales: una investigación sobre el impacto de la fotografía de las instalaciones y del testimonio sobre actitudes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    AYROSA, Eduardo André Teixeira

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available RESUMOAssim como diversas outras organizações de serviços, algumas instituições de ensino superior investem em propaganda impressa para atrair candidatos para seus cursos. A literatura sobre comunicação de serviços sugere que a utilização de estímulos como fotografias das instalações e testemunhais de alunos e ex-alunos são formas de tangibilizar a oferta como de serviços tão fortemente intangíveis quanto os educacionais. Neste trabalho, é investigado o impacto de dois tipos de argumento usados em anúncios de serviços educacionais, sobre as atitudes do público de instituições de ensino superior. A definição dos dois tipos de argumento foi feita com base no “paradigma das pistas”, cue paradigm (OLSON; JACOBY, 1972. Os argumentos usados foram fotografias das instalações (uma pista intrínseca, segundo o paradigma das pistas e testemunhos de alunos (uma pista extrínseca. Foi conduzido um experimento para avaliar não apenas o efeito dos quatro níveis de tipo de argumento (ausência de pistas, somente intrínsecas, somente extrínsecas, intrínsecas e extrínsecas combinadas sobre atitudes do público, mas também o efeito do nível de envolvimento do público com instituições de ensino em cada uma das quatro condições do experimento. Resultados mostram que, embora não tenham sido detectadas diferenças entre efeitos dos quatro tipos de argumento sobre atitudes dos públicos, os respondentes com baixo nível de envolvimento na dimensão valores/auto-imagem demonstraram atitudes mais favoráveis em relação à intenção de matrícula quando expostos a testemunhal (pista extrínseca.ABSTRACTJust like other services organizations, some higher education institutions have invested in printed advertising to attract applicants. The services management literature suggests that using stimuli such as pictures of the facilities and alumni testimonials may help to turn tangible the offer of services so strongly intangible

  16. El doble testimoni de Miquel Martí i Pol (1957-1972

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferran Carbó

    2000-03-01

    Full Text Available Resum: The essay offers a revisión of Miquel Martí i Pol’s poetry written between 1957 and 1971. This poetry has been regarded by critics as linked to historical realism, and in our opinión consitutes the literary consolidation of the Roda de Ter-born poet after his his apprenticeship in existential poetry. Throughout five books and a long poem, the authorembodies a double social dimensión in his verse: on the one hand, extemal and collective history, especially achieved through the universe of the village and the factory; on the other hand, the inner and personal history dealing with aspects of his most intérnate experience in themes such as love or the function of poetry.  Paraules clau: Miquel Martí i Pol; poesia existencial; poesia catalana contemporània

  17. False Testimony and Oath: Reopening a Legal Case in Iranian Courts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iman Zeajeldi

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available In Iranian legal laws, hearing a case ends by issuing the final judgment. However, the law has provided conditions where the individuals can apply for retrial so that their rights will be protected and losses will be prevented. This means that court will rehear a case for which it has issued a final judgment. Now, each of the parties to the claim who has applied for reopening must prove the conditions of reopening. One of the conditions is proving the falsehood in the claim. Yet, the question is ‘under which conditions the falsehood brings about the annulment of the judgment issued’. The present research aims to study the effects of falsehood cases in the possibility of applying for reopening and annulling the judgment issued.

  18. 78 FR 72850 - Production of Nonpublic Records and Testimony of OPIC Employees in Legal Proceedings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-04

    ... services based on 31 U.S.C. 9701. Executive Order 12866 OPIC is exempted from the requirements of this... competition, employment, investment, productivity, innovation, or on the ability of United State based companies to compete with foreign-based companies in domestic and export markets. List of Subjects in 22 CFR...

  19. The language of racism. Textual testimonies of Jewish-Arab hostility in the Israeli Academia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tamar Heger

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available The persistent Jewish Arab conflict is present in every aspect of life in Israeli society and its echoes penetrate the everyday reality of higher educational institutions. Feelings of mutual hostility among Arab and Jewish students, faculty and administration are common experiences on Israeli campuses. This article analyzes two textual expressions of this mutual resentment which were circulated in 2011 in Tel Hai College, Israel. One of the texts was produced by Muslim Arab student association and the other by a Zionist Jewish organization. Both groups are present on every campus in Israel. Despite the significant difference of the political location occupied by each organization in the Israeli power structure, we argue that these texts share similar attitudes to the conflict and parallel operational strategies. The paper demonstrates the attempts by these texts to encourage the mutual hostility between Jews and Arabs by employing racist and violent discourse. The article tries to explain the silence of the college administration and faculty in the face of these racist acts, subsequently outlining a vision of a responsible academia which will banish any acts of racism.

  20. Promoting Self-Regulated Learning through Portfolio Assessment: Testimony and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lam, Ricky

    2014-01-01

    Portfolio assessment (PA) has been extensively adopted for writing development in the past three decades. Much research on PA primarily investigates students' and teachers' perceptions of its benefits, and how it influences students' motivation and general writing abilities. Despite its purported effectiveness, not much has been…

  1. Love in the Time of War. Affections and Disaffections in the Testimonial Literature of Central America

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Domingo Carrillo Padilla

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The article aims to know the relationships established between the militants of the armed movements. Also want to be aware of the relationship model that prevailed. To achieve the proposed objectives, leave aside the narratives that glorify the armed movements, prevents build heroes to taste, rather, is a narrative of the adventures and the loving sinventuras who sought by weapons, to relieve the power ruler in Central America in the second half of the 20th century. The relationships established between the militants of the armed movements, regulated by traditional institutions such as marriage and free joints. In this article, because the nature of the sources this was said, emphasis in heterosexual affective relationships. There is know in the same way, homosexual relations between the guerrillas. Taboo because it means to infringe against the virility of men in arms and the model of femininity established by society. Son amores that even they dare not speak its name.

  2. (sfragís) and its metaphorical testimonial presence in 2 Timothy 2:19

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2010-10-12

    Oct 12, 2010 ... It becomes clear from the previous that the 'atheism' accusations, for which Christians were persecuted, could well have been caused by their negative thoughts and writings on the worship of the emperor or the gods. The. Roman state was both established and protected by these institutions. Schüssler ...

  3. Analisis Implikasi Kepuasan Pelanggan Terhadap Perilaku Pasca Pembelian Melalui Testimoni Dalam Situs Pemasaran Internet

    OpenAIRE

    Susanti, Nanis

    2009-01-01

    In global market area, not only marketing concept we have to do, but also applied marketing technology. Getting the service quality is doing by not only physical meet among the customer and service provider, such as conventional market system. In modern community there are like to be faster and instant, time limited is the reason for customer to shopping in the recent system. By the modern marketing system with applying internet technology, called Internet marketing, the time constraint be mi...

  4. Summary of technical testimony in the Colorado Water Division 1 Trial

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nancy (Tech. Coord.) Gordon

    1995-01-01

    The Colorado Water Division 1 Water Rights Trial was one of the most significant federal reserved instream flow water rights cases to occur since the Supreme Court of the United States ruled in the case of United States v. New Mexico in 1978. This document summarize the large amount of technical data and information pertaining to the disciplines of geomorphology,...

  5. The influence of expert testimony on legal decisions regarding the civil liability of doctors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    KALLAS FILHO, Elias

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Nosocomial infection is notoriously one of the primary problems faced by healthcare insti-tutions and by professionals who work for them. This fact is demonstrated by the growing number of legal actions proposed in the legal system by patients and users of the health care system. Because of this scenario, the phenomenon of civil liability has arisen in cases of noso-comial infection. The legal implications of this phenomenon are varied and involve issues of the institutional environment and of professional conduct. Thus, the current study seeks to analyze the literature on the decisions taken by Brazilian courts regarding civil liability in cases of nosocomial infection. Conceptual aspects that define this healthcare problem are listed, as are the types of civil liability, the legal directives that guide conduct regarding this topic, and the decisions of Brazilian courts that consider civil liability in these cases. It was determined that the courts have been supported by the distinction between objective civil liability and subjective civil liability; additionally, it was determined that these courts are guided by the understanding of the existing service relationship between the institution or health care professional and the patient or user of the health care system.

  6. A foraminiferal testimony for the reduced adverse effects of mining in Zuari Estuary, Goa

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Panchang, R.; Nigam, R.; Baig, N.; Nayak, G.N.

    with the TSM data collected over the years, which has considerably decreased. The foraminiferal data, TSM data and reduction in mining activities in the catchment area of the Zuari Estuary suggest an improvement in the environmental health of the estuary...

  7. A autoridade epistêmica do testemunho = The epistemic authority of testimony

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sartori, Carlos Augusto

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Muito do que conhecemos deriva do relato de outras pessoas. Nem todo relato, entretanto, é apto para produzir crenças justificadas. O que se pretende neste paper é analisar as condições que devem ser satisfeitas para que um testemunho possa produzir crenças justificadas e, a partir daí, conhecimento. Assumindo uma posição não reducionista do testemunho, segue-se a contribuição de Robert Audi para concluir que o testemunho é fonte legítima de justificação e de conhecimento, argumentando que a confiança que se tem nos outros pode, em circunstâncias adequadas, satisfazer as condições para a justificação e para o conhecimento

  8. Learning to Become Teacher Educators: Testimonies of Three PHD Students in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yuan, Rui

    2015-01-01

    While there has been an increasing number of graduate students who enter teacher education after obtaining a higher research degree (e.g., PhD or EdD), scant attention has been paid to their professional learning as prospective teacher educators in higher education. To fill this gap, this study, informed by the social theory of learning,…

  9. Interactions between Knowledge and Testimony in Children's Reality-Status Judgments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopez-Mobilia, Gabriel; Woolley, Jacqueline D.

    2016-01-01

    In 2 studies, we attempted to capture the information-processing abilities underlying children's reality-status judgments. Forty 5- to 6-year-olds and 53 7- to 8-year-olds heard about novel entities (animals) that varied in their fit with children's world knowledge. After hearing about each entity, children could either guess reality status…

  10. El amor en tiempos de guerra: afectos y desafectos en la literatura testimonial centroamericana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Domingo Carrillo

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo del artículo es conocer las relaciones amorosas establecidas entre los militantes de los movimientos armados. Igualmente interesa estar al corriente del modelo de relación que predominaba. Para alcanzar los objetivos propuestos,se dejan de lado las narrativas que glorifican a los movimientos armados, se evita construir héroes al gusto, se ofrece más bien, un relato de las aventuras y las sinventuras amorosas de quienes pretendieron por las armas, relevar al poder gobernante en Centroamérica en la segunda mitad del siglo XX. Las relaciones amorosas establecidas entre los militantes de los movimientos armados, se regularon por las instituciones tradicionales tales como el matrimonio y las uniones libres. En este artículo, porque la naturaleza de las fuentes así lo indicó, se hizo énfasis en las relaciones afectivas heterosexuales. Aún queda pendiente conocer de igual manera, las relaciones homosexuales entre los guerrilleros. Tema tabú porque significa atentar contra la virilidad de los hombres en armas y contra el modelo de feminidad establecido por la sociedad. Son amores que aún no se atreven a decir su nombre.

  11. Relict faunal testimony for sea-level fluctuations off Myanmar (Burma)

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Panchang, R.; Nigam, R.; Raviprasad, G.V.; Rajagopalan, G.; Ray, D.K.; Hla, U Ko Yi

    (Mazumder, 2005). Mazumder has suggested the occurrence of a palaeo-reef off the coast of Goa, dated to 11,000 years ago. He reinforces the postulation by Vora et al. (1996) who using East-West echo- sounding profiles along the length of the West coast con...) as used by the online version of the standard radiocarbon calibration program CALIB 5.0.2 (Stuiver and Reimer, 1993). The calibrated ages were plotted against the depth at which the samples were collected. Based on the average of the depth preference...

  12. Comfort Women in Human Rights Discourse: Fetishized Testimonies, Small Museums, and the Politics of Thin Description

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joo, Hee-Jung Serenity

    2015-01-01

    In the last two decades, the issue of comfort women--the women and girls who were forced into sex slavery for the Japanese army before and during WWII--has risen to global attention. Tens of thousands of comfort women (the average estimate is anywhere between 80,000 and 200,000) were confined at comfort stations managed by the Japanese Imperial…

  13. Juror Perceptions of Child Eyewitness Testimony in a Sexual Abuse Trial

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holcomb, Matthew J.; Jacquin, Kristine M.

    2007-01-01

    A mock child sexual abuse trial was used to study juror perceptions of child eyewitnesses. The child's age (5, 11, or 16) and level of involvement (victim or bystander) were varied across conditions in order to test their impact on juror perceptions and verdict. Results indicated a significant effect of level of involvement on the verdict;…

  14. Living Outside the Gender Box in Mexico: Testimony of Transgender Mexican Asylum Seekers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheney, Marshall K; Gowin, Mary J; Taylor, E Laurette; Frey, Melissa; Dunnington, Jamie; Alshuwaiyer, Ghadah; Huber, J Kathleen; Garcia, Mary Camero; Wray, Grady C

    2017-10-01

    To explore preimmigration experiences of violence and postimmigration health status in male-to-female transgender individuals (n = 45) from Mexico applying for asylum in the United States. We used a document review process to examine asylum declarations and psychological evaluations of transgender Mexican asylum seekers in the United States from 2012. We coded documents in 2013 and 2014 using NVivo, a multidisciplinary team reviewed them, and then we analyzed them for themes. Mexican transgender asylum applicants experienced pervasive verbal, physical, and sexual abuse from multiple sources, including family, school, community, and police. Applicants also experienced discrimination in school and in the workplace. Applicants immigrated to the United States to escape persistent assaults and threats to their life. Applicants suffered health and psychological effects from their experiences in Mexico that affected opportunities in the United States for employment, education, and social inclusion. Additional social protections for transgender individuals and antidiscrimination measures in Mexican schools and workplaces are warranted as are increased mental health assessment and treatment, job training, and education services for asylum seekers in the United States.

  15. The behavior patterns of abused children as described in their testimonies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katz, C; Barnetz, Z

    2014-06-01

    The aim of the current study is to identify how children describe their behavior during abuse and to explore their behavior further with respect to the type of the abuse (physical or sexual), frequency of abuse (single or multiple incidents), familiarity with the suspect, and children's age and gender, with the assumption that this information may have a significant effect on the children's recovery process. The study involved 224 transcripts of interviews with alleged victims aged 5-14 in Israel. The sample was randomly selected from all of the forensic investigations with children that were conducted in Israel in 2011. The results show that abuse type has a strong effect on children's behavior, with children in the sexual abuse group reporting more fight and flight behavior and children in the physical abuse group reporting more self-change behavior. This finding was interacted with the severity of abuse variable, with children in the sexual abuse group reporting less flight behavior and an increase in the self-change behavior with the highest level of severity of abuse (touch under the clothes and penetration). Investigative interviews with children can be a significant source of information for practitioners within the clinical context. The current study stresses the consequences that abuse can have on children's behavior during these incidents and the implications for the therapy process with the children. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  16. (sfragís) and its metaphorical testimonial presence in 2 Timothy 2:19

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2010-10-12

    Oct 12, 2010 ... is craftily designed in video games and movies. But, on the contrary, Christians are called to present their minds and bodies: as a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable to God, which is your reasonable service and do not be conformed to this world, but be transformed by the renewing of your mind, that you may ...

  17. THE HUMANITARIAN POLITICS OF TESTIMONY: Subjectification through Trauma in the Israeli–Palestinian Conflict

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    FASSIN, DIDIER

    2008-01-01

    ... (Doctors without Borders, Doctors of the World) ages of humanitarianism. Based on an etymological inquiry of the word in Greek and Latin and on an ethnographical investigation into the production of documents on the Israeli...

  18. Between concept and material. Working with conceptual art: a conservator’s testimony

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stigter, S.

    2016-01-01

    Conceptual art challenges the idea of traditional art conservation. How can one preserve a concept when there is material to work with? Should this be done through keeping the material, even when it no longer conveys the message? Or through working with artist interviews or artist participation,

  19. Tabula of Ligures Baebiani: An Epigraphic Testimony of Trajan’s Administration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José María Blanch

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with alimenta publica program (food foundations established by the Roman Administration under Emperor Trajan (2nd Century A.D. to provide a basic livelihood to children from large Italian regions. For this reason, rural properties were subjected to a tax for the payment of a basic food income for children from poor families. The Tabula of the Ligures Baebiani is an epigraphic source containing the constitution of a food foundation by Trajan in southern Italy, near modern Benevento, and holds information about the individuals involved in the program and the characters of the estates affected.

  20. The New Visual Testimonial: Narrative, Authenticity, and Subjectivity in Emerging Commercial Photographic Practice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heather Morton

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available By studying the cultural and aesthetic impact of increasingly pervasive digital technologies and mass amateurization, this paper examines the ramifications of the networked information economy on professional photographic practice and considers the concomitant implications for the photographic classroom. Using the framework of convergence culture as per the writings of Yochai Benkler, Henry Jenkins, Mark Deuze, and Axel Bruns, the impact of accessible and instantaneous image creation and dispersal are explored. Given the rise of consumer engagement in brand co-creation on social media platforms, we can observe massive changes to professional practice in areas such as aesthetics, and the erosion of previous sustainable business models. Indeed, as traditional notions of “expertise” shift from technological prowess to narrative and disseminative abilities, the effects on commercial practice and photographic education need to be addressed. This paper argues that there are three emerging priorities for commercial image use: narrative ability, authenticity, and subjectivity and suggests initial steps in their pedagogical application. By acknowledging these transformations, this paper explores the idea that students need to harness technique, social media influence, adaptability, subjectivity, and storytelling power in order to better serve emerging image-based needs in commercial spaces.

  1. Availability and quality of emergency obstetric care in Gambia's main referral hospital: women-users' testimonies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sundby Johanne

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Reduction of maternal mortality ratio by two-thirds by 2015 is an international development goal with unrestricted access to high quality emergency obstetric care services promoted towards the attainment of that goal. The objective of this qualitative study was to assess the availability and quality of emergency obstetric care services in Gambia's main referral hospital. Methods From weekend admissions a group of 30 women treated for different acute obstetric conditions including five main diagnostic groups: hemorrhage, hypertensive disorders, dystocia, sepsis and anemia were purposively selected. In-depth interviews with the women were carried out at their homes within two weeks of discharge. Results Substantial difficulties in obtaining emergency obstetric care were uncovered. Health system inadequacies including lack of blood for transfusion, shortage of essential medicines especially antihypertensive drugs considerably hindered timely and adequate treatment for obstetric emergencies. Such inadequacies also inflated the treatment costs to between 5 and 18 times more than standard fees. Blood transfusion and hypertensive treatment were associated with the largest costs. Conclusion The deficiencies in the availability of life-saving interventions identified are manifestations of inadequate funding for maternal health services. Substantial increase in funding for maternal health services is therefore warranted towards effective implementation of emergency obstetric care package in The Gambia.

  2. Forensic neuropsychology and expert witness testimony: An overview of forensic practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leonard, Elizabeth L

    2015-01-01

    Neuropsychologists are frequently asked to serve as expert witnesses in an increasing number of legal contexts for civil and criminal proceedings. The skills required to practice forensic neuropsychology expand upon the knowledge, skills, and abilities developed by clinical neuropsychologists. Forensic neuropsychologists acquire expertise in understanding the roles and various functions of the legal system, as well as their role in addressing psycholegal questions to assist fact finders in making legal decisions. The required skills and the unique circumstances for clinical neuropsychologists pursing forensic work are reviewed. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  3. Fostering Tolerance of Obesity through Empathy and Critical Reflection: A Curricular Unit Incorporating Filmed Testimonials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ogle, Jennifer Paff; Damhorst, Mary Lynn

    2010-01-01

    With the prevalence of overweight and obesity on the rise in America, the role of educators in creating transformative learning contexts that minimize obesity bias and that foster tolerance has become increasingly crucial. The purpose of this work was to develop and explore the effectiveness of a curricular unit to promote tolerance and…

  4. The effects of integrating instrumental and affective arguments in rhetorical and testimonial health messages

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Keer, M.; Putte, B. van den; Wit, J. de; Neijens, P.

    2013-01-01

    Recent research highlights the superior influence of affect over cognition in health decision making. The present study examined the independent and combined effects of 2 message characteristics that are thought to tap into the cognition affect distinction: message format (rhetorical vs.

  5. Pejorative testimony about opposing experts and colleagues: "fouling one's own nest".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gutheil, Thomas G; Schetky, Diane H; Simon, Robert I

    2006-01-01

    Circumstances sometimes require expert witnesses under oath to express opinions about opposing experts or professional colleagues who work within their own professional, geographic, or organizational circle. This requirement poses some common problems that have not been well discussed in the literature. This article addresses some of those problems and suggests some useful solutions.

  6. Ancient comedy: testimony of sources. Antikinė komedija: šaltinių liudijimai

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vita Paparinska

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Straipsnyje nagrinėjami pagrindiniai išlikę antikinių šaltinių liudijimai apie komedijos žanrinę specifiką – Aristotelio Poetika ir Retorika bei vienintelis išlikęs komedijai skirtas kūrinys, vadinamasis Tractatus Coislinianus. Autorė išvadose teigia, kad Tractatus Coislinianus negali būti laikomas savarankišku ir reikšmingu informacijos apie komediją šaltiniu, nes jo autorius komedijos žanrą aprašo remdamasis Aris­totelio tragedijos teorija. Visa neišlikusi Aristotelio Poetika vis dėlto yra pagrindinis, nors ir labai skurdus (dėl neišlikusios komedijai skirtos dalies informacijos apie antikinės komedijos žanrą šaltinis.

  7. Growing Up as a Minority in America: Four African-American Writers' Testimony.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slade, Leonard A., Jr.

    1991-01-01

    Examines works of four Black writers who speak directly to adolescents. Explores the bitterness caused by racism and social degradation in the writings of James Baldwin, Countee Cullen, Langston Hughes, and Leonard A. Slade, Jr. Concludes that their works reveal that the fight against injustice begins in the heart. (PRA)

  8. The effects of integrating instrumental and affective arguments in rhetorical and testimonial health messages

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Keer, M.; van den Putte, B.; de Wit, J.; Neijens, P.

    2013-01-01

    Recent research highlights the superior influence of affect over cognition in health decision making. The present study examined the independent and combined effects of 2 message characteristics that are thought to tap into the cognition-affect distinction: message format (rhetorical vs.

  9. PROFIL TIPE TESTIMONIAL ONLINE PADA PRODUK KOMPUTER TERHADAP SIKAP ATAS IKLAN & SIKAP ATAS PERILAKU MEMBELI

    OpenAIRE

    Suryadinningrat, Fickar

    2012-01-01

    Abstract With increasing, product line sales consumers not only in the real world of shopping mall, or the department store now the use of technology enables the consumer can do shopping activity over the internet.With just open, computer facility and typed site desired then transaction activity can be done.Still many consumers have limited in doing online activities shopping. Consumers like shopping buying clothes, sometimes only online electronics and computer. Consumer spending often doing...

  10. Expert Testimony, "Regular People," and Public Values: Arguing Common Sense at a Death Penalty Trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chappell, Virginia A.

    1995-01-01

    Presents a case study of a particular courtroom case dealing with the death penalty. Analyzes the processes and communications of the trial jury. Discusses the interplay of common-sense and expert claims at three crucial stages of the trial. (HB)

  11. Standard of Practice and Flynn Effect Testimony in Death Penalty Cases

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gresham, Frank M.; Reschly, Daniel J.

    2011-01-01

    The Flynn Effect is a well-established psychometric fact documenting substantial increases in measured intelligence test performance over time. Flynn's (1984) review of the literature established that Americans gain approximately 0.3 points per year or 3 points per decade in measured intelligence. The accurate assessment and interpretation of…

  12. Socio economic crisis and mortality. Epidemiological testimony of the financial collapse of Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mautner Branco

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Natural disasters, war, and terrorist attacks, have been linked to cardiac mortality. We sought to investigate whether a major financial crisis may impact on the medical management and outcomes of acute coronary syndromes. Methods We analyzed the Argentine cohort of the international multicenter Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events (GRACE. The primary objective was to estimate if there was an association between the financial crisis period (April 1999 to December 2002 and in- hospital cardiovascular mortality, with the post-crisis period (January 2003 to September 2004 as the referent. Each period was defined according to the evolution of the Gross Domestic Product. We investigated the demographic characteristics, diagnostic and therapeutic procedures, morbidity and mortality. Results We analyzed data from 3220 patients, 2246 (69.8% patients in the crisis period and 974 (30.2% in the post-crisis frame. The distribution of demographic and clinical baseline characteristics were not significantly different between both periods. During the crisis period the incidence of in-hospital myocardial infarction was higher (6.9% Vs 2.9%; p value Conclusion Our findings suggest that the financial crisis may have had a negative impact on cardiovascular mortality during hospitalization, and higher incidence of medical complications.

  13. Sfragiv (sfragís) and its metaphorical testimonial presence in 2 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2010-10-12

    Oct 12, 2010 ... gave an authentic farewell to the future reader (2004:174). By using this .... is craftily designed in video games and movies. But, on the contrary ... practical ginw/skw of Christ has deepened my understanding of the term ...

  14. Project work on wellbeing in multidisciplinary student teams : A triple testimonial on eps at artesis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rohaert, S.; Baelus, C.; Lacko, D.

    2012-01-01

    The European Project Semester (EPS) programme offers an educational framework to support students to practice problem-and project-based cross-disciplinary product innovation and research, in small multidisciplinary and international teams. To explore the potential and the restrictions of this

  15. Witnessing and re-enacting in Cambodia: reflection on shifting testimonies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    S.D.F. Benzaquen-Gautier (Stéphanie)

    2012-01-01

    textabstractThirty years after the collapse of the Khmer Rouge regime (1975-1979) how do Cambodians cope with the traumatic legacy of Pol Pot's reign of terror? What forms does witnessing take on in post-socialist and transitional Cambodia as senior Khmer Rouge leaders await prosecution at the

  16. The new visual testimonial: narrative, authenticity, and subjectivity in emerging commercial photographic practice

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Morton, Heather

    2017-01-01

    .... Given the rise of consumer engagement in brand co-creation on social media platforms, we can observe massive changes to professional practice in areas such as aesthetics, and the erosion of previous...

  17. Testimony in Narrative Educational Research: A Qualitative Interview, Narrative Analysis and Epistemological Evaluation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christopher, Justin

    2017-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to assess issues that arise in the context of epistemological claims in narrative educational research by means of narrative analysis and epistemological evaluation. The research questions which guided the study were: 1) To what extent is epistemology considered by narrative educational researchers?; 2) What issues do…

  18. Spencer-Brown vs. Probability and Statistics: Entropy’s Testimony on Subjective and Objective Randomness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julio Michael Stern

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available This article analyzes the role of entropy in Bayesian statistics, focusing on its use as a tool for detection, recognition and validation of eigen-solutions. “Objects as eigen-solutions” is a key metaphor of the cognitive constructivism epistemological framework developed by the philosopher Heinz von Foerster. Special attention is given to some objections to the concepts of probability, statistics and randomization posed by George Spencer-Brown, a figure of great influence in the field of radical constructivism.

  19. The Little Rascals Day Care Center Case: Commentary on Clinical Testimony on Prominent Public Trials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Summit, Ronald C.

    1994-01-01

    Comments on some of the philosophical and moral problems inherent in prosecuting a child sexual abuse case. This particular case was complicated by the multiple victims and multiple perpetrators. Both medical and psychological clinical expert witnesses need to be aware of and respectful of the ground rules of the courtroom. (JPS)

  20. Narratives of Injustice: Measuring the Impact of Witness Testimony in the Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Legere, Susan Elena

    2012-01-01

    Can a vivid presentation about a tragic chapter of history elicit in viewers an empathetic reaction, as well as evidence of the telescopic perspective Mills[1] ([1959] 2000) described as the "sociological imagination"? Does the addition of victims' voices make a noticeable difference in their response to the historical event, as…

  1. Recommendations to USDA for the 2009 Child Nutrition Programs Reauthorization. Testimony 08-337

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hagert, Celia

    2008-01-01

    For more than 20 years, the Center for Public Policy Priorities (CPPP) has been a nonpartisan, nonprofit 501(c)(3) research organization committed to improving public policies and private practices to better the economic and social conditions of low- and moderate-income Texans. CPPP believes the upcoming reauthorization of the child nutrition…

  2. Values in the Net Neutrality Debate: Applying Content Analysis to Testimonies from Public Hearings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheng, An-Shou

    2012-01-01

    The Net neutrality debate is an important telecommunications policy issue that closely tied to technological innovation, economic development, and information access. Existing studies on Net neutrality have focused primarily on technological requirements, economic analysis, and regulatory justifications. Since values, technology, and policy are…

  3. Emotional Testimonies:An Ethnographic Study of Emotional Suffering Related to Migration from Mexico to Arizona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rebecca eCrocker

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available It is increasingly argued that social and economic inequity poorly affect overall health. One of the means through which these inequities are translated to the body is via negative emotions, which carry known psychological and physiological responses. This paper examines migration-related psychosocial stressors impacting first generation Mexican immigrants in southern Arizona, and reports on the primary emotional experiences immigrants associate with these stressors. Data were drawn from a qualitative, ethnographic study conducted over the course of 14 months during 2013-2014 with first generation Mexican immigrants (N=40 residing in Tucson Arizona and service providers working directly in the immigrant community (N=32. Results indicate that the primary structural vulnerabilities that cause emotional hardship amongst immigrants are pre-migration stressors and adversity, dangerous border crossings, detention and deportation, undocumented citizenship status, family separation, and extreme poverty. Many of these factors have intensified over the past decade due to increased border security and state level anti-immigrant legislation in Arizona. Immigrants connected these hardships to the emotions of trauma (50%, fear (65%, depression (75%, loneliness (75%, sadness (80%, and stress (85%, and most respondents reported suffering from three or more of these emotions. Given the heavy emotional toll of migration and the direct impact that regional legislation and border security had on well-being, this paper argues that emotion be considered an important mechanism for health declines in the immigrant community. In order to stem the frequency and intensity of emotional stress in the Mexican immigrant community in Tucson, it is imperative to support organizations and policies that promote community building and support networks and also expand access to and availability of mental health services for immigrants regardless of documentation status.

  4. Emotional Testimonies: An Ethnographic Study of Emotional Suffering Related to Migration from Mexico to Arizona.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crocker, Rebecca

    2015-01-01

    It is increasingly argued that social and economic inequities poorly affect overall health. One of the means through which these inequities are translated to the body is via negative emotions, which carry known psychological and physiological responses. This paper examines migration-related psychosocial stressors impacting first-generation Mexican immigrants in southern Arizona, and reports on the primary emotional experiences immigrants associate with these stressors. Data were drawn from a qualitative, ethnographic study conducted over the course of 14 months during 2013-2014 with first-generation Mexican immigrants (N = 40) residing in Tucson Arizona and service providers working directly in the immigrant community (N = 32). Results indicate that the primary structural vulnerabilities that cause emotional hardship among immigrants are pre-migration stressors and adversity, dangerous border crossings, detention and deportation, undocumented citizenship status, family separation, and extreme poverty. Many of these factors have intensified over the past decade due to increased border security and state level anti-immigrant legislation in Arizona. Immigrants connected these hardships to the emotions of trauma (50%), fear (65%), depression (75%), loneliness (75%), sadness (80%), and stress (85%), and most respondents reported suffering from three or more of these emotions. Given the heavy emotional toll of migration and the direct impact that regional legislation and border security had on well-being, this paper argues that emotion be considered an important mechanism for health declines in the immigrant community. In order to stem the frequency and intensity of emotional stress in the Mexican immigrant community in Tucson, it is imperative to support organizations and policies that promote community building and support networks and also expand access to and availability of mental health services for immigrants regardless of documentation status.

  5. Congressional Testimony on School Violence: Early Childhood, Youth and Families Subcommittee.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poland, Scott

    1998-01-01

    School violence has been linked to youth not recognizing the finality of death, extreme violence portrayed in the media, availability of guns, student reluctance to "tell," and lack of curriculum that teaches children anger management and problem-solving skills. Recommendations include making prevention programs a priority and…

  6. Biography versus Fiction or the Value of Testimony in Jacobs’s and Stowe’s Narratives about Slavery

    OpenAIRE

    Garrait-Bourrier, Anne

    2009-01-01

    Cette étude comparée a pour projet de souligner les différences culturelles qui existent entre deux genres littéraires de la période antebellum : les récits d’esclaves et la fiction abolitionniste. Via l’approche d’extraits de textes tirés de l’autobiographie d’Harriet Jacobs Incidents in the Life of A Slave Girl, écrite sous le pseudonyme de Linda Brent et du roman de Harriet Beecher-Stowe Uncle Tom’s Cabin, nous soulignerons le témoignage historique commun qui ressort de ces deux textes. Bi...

  7. "Can We Talk about Intimacy?": "The Wire" and a Pedagogy of Testimony and Witness in Urban Classrooms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dutro, Elizabeth; Kantor, Julia

    2011-01-01

    "The Wire," a critically acclaimed television series on HBO, is one of the latest narratives of urban schools to appear on screen. The series--which unfolded across five seasons and aired its series finale in late 2007--is set in Baltimore and interweaves the stories of inner city residents, particularly a network of characters involved…

  8. Long-term functional and behavioral-emotional outcomes in children with early cochlear implants: Parental testimonies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Mina; Oh, Seung Ha; Chang, Sun O; Kim, Chong Sun; Lee, Jun Ho

    2016-04-01

    (1) To assess the long-term effects of cochlear implantation (CI) on speech perception and school life, and (2) to evaluate behavioral and emotional development, including social skills, post-implantation. We telephoned caregivers and asked them a standardized questionnaire. We used the data to explore the daily lives (including school life) of children who had undergone CI before the age of 4 years and who had used the device for >10 years. We also evaluated behavioral/emotional development. Most children used CI devices for virtually all their waking moments and attended mainstream schools. Moreover, more than 75% of them could comprehend common phrases or conversations without lip-reading and carry out a telephone conversation with a person known to them. The mean T-scores for all scales of behavioral/emotional assessment, including those concerning social skills, were within the normal ranges, although scores on the competence scale were lower than those on other scales. This long-term study of early-CI children shows that CI improves not only speech perception, but also behavioral/emotional development, including social skills. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  9. Discussing Sexual Orientation and Gender in Classrooms: A Testimonial-Based Approach to Fighting Homophobia in Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richard, Gabrielle; Vallerand, Olivier; Petit, Marie-Pier; Charbonneau, Amélie

    2015-01-01

    To fight homophobia in schools in Québec, many teachers rely on community organizations such as the Groupe de Recherche et d'Intervention Sociale (Research and Social Intervention Group) to address sexual diversity in class. This article documents major outcomes of these workshops as seen by students. Students identified topics related to…

  10. 31 CFR 1.11 - Testimony or the production of records in a court or other proceeding.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... business of the Department. (3)(i) Nothing in this section affects the rights and procedures governing... not, and may not be relied upon to create a right or benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable... (vi) The disclosure would interfere with ongoing enforcement proceedings, compromise constitutional...

  11. 78 FR 39959 - Production of FHFA Records, Information, and Employee Testimony in Third-Party Legal Proceedings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-03

    ... with an ongoing law enforcement investigation or proceedings, or compromise constitutional rights; (j...) This part provides guidance for FHFA's internal operations. This part does not create any right or...

  12. A Lesson for the Future of Our Science. My Testimony on Lord Patrick M.S. Blackett

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zichichi, A.

    The following sections are included: * INTRODUCTION * AN INCREDIBLE SEQUENCE OF UNEXPECTED EVENTS * BLACKETT AND THE ORIGIN OF THE SUBNUCLEAR UNIVERSE * BLACKETT AND THE WHOLE OF OUR KNOWLEDGE * BLACKETT AND RUSSELL (GALILEI, EINSTEIN, GÖDEL) * THE "BLACKETT EFFECT" IN THE 2nd WORLD WAR * NEW INSTITUTIONS FOUNDED * THE FUTURE * CONCLUSIONS - FROM BLACKETT TO PRESENT DAY PHYSICS * REFERENCES

  13. [J.E. GILIBERT--HIS LIFE AND WORK IN THE LIGHT OF A CORRESPONDENCE AND TESTIMONIES OF HIS TIME].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daszkiewicz, Piotr

    2015-01-01

    Jean-Emmanuel Gilibert (1741-1814) has been the subject of few biographical works. This paper presents the results of research from unpublished documents, unknown by historians until now. The information, publishedin old sources as in Gilibert autobiographical sketches or in catalogues of natural history papers auctions, is critically analyzed here. We also tried to establish a list of documents from those cited by Gilibert biographers, but lost today. The author both presents and comments letters to Antoine-Laurent de Jussieu (1748-1836) and André Thouin (1747-1824), as well as a letter to an unknown receiver, in the autograph's collection of Gustave Thuret (1747-1824) and Eduard Bornet (1828-1911)--which is conserved in the collection of the National Museum of Natural History in Paris. Precious information about Gilibert and his stay in Lithuania was found in the letters of Antoine Gouan (1733-1821) to Philippe-Isidore Picot de Lapeyrouse (1744-1818). Research were also conducted in the Museum's herbarium in order to find Gilibert's specimens from Lithuania as well as to discover more information about the naturalist himself. The documents of Jean Hermann (1738-1800) linked with Gilibert were found in Strasbourg's National and University Libraries and in the Municipal Archives; a letter from Gilibert to Antoine-Laurent de Jussieu was also discovered in this collection. Some new and interesting data came from a register of Hermann's natural history cabinet visitors Some additional information about Gilibert's life and work was obtained as a result of the analysis of manuscripts conserved in the National Academy of Medicine in Paris, more specifically in Gilibert's correspondences from Lithuania and Lyon about illnesses and epidemics. The information obtained allowed a better knowledge of the history of Gilibert floristic works in Lithuania, his zoological research, his practice of medicine and his study of different pathologies, his way of collecting and the collection itself of natural history specimens and the history of Gouan's herbarium and Pierre Richer de Belleval's copper plates brought from France to Lithuania. Some facts about Gilibert's life unknown to his biographers were also discovered in these manuscripts. We also tried to discover to what extent the information obtained in Lithuania was used by Gilibert in France. The role of Gilibert in the description of the Alps flora and his participation in the work of Dominique Villars (1745-1814) were discussed. We tried to estimate the impact of Gilibert's experience in Lithuania on his bio-geographical conceptions, as well as on botany in the XIX century. Based on this information, the character of Gilibert was found to be representative of a typical member of the "république des savants" while still remaining very specific to his atypical life. We therefore also tried to understand to what extent Gilibert was a typical naturalist of the XVIII century.

  14. 77 FR 15561 - Requests for Testimony or the Production of Records in a Court or Other Proceedings in Which the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-16

    ... United States is not a party. Document means any record or other property, no matter what media, and..., including testifying before a court or other tribunal or board, giving depositions, interviews, telephonic...; and (vii) Whether other similar requests are likely to have a deleterious cumulative effect on the...

  15. Testimony, Instant, Memory. Spaces of cut and interruption in Video Letter (1982, by Shuji Terayama and Shuntaro Tanikawa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Mesquita Duarte

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available This text takes as a central subject of investigation the documentary film Video Letter (1982, by Shuji Terayama and Shuntaro Tanikawa, inquiring its technical procedures and thematic approaches in parallel with a Jacques Derrida’s essay which is built around a fictional text,L’instant de ma mort, by Maurice Blanchot. The approximation between these two works permits us, despite their differences – one, a video work, the other, a literary text, - explore issues associated with the instant, dead, memory, and the relations inscribing the factual and the fictional, writing and image, as well as conceive new forms of temporality proceeding through the fragmentation and the interruption of the univocal diegetic structures. We try to suggest, by this mean, the privilege of processes related with editing and cut, assessing the emergence of points and singular instants which, being normally attached to the consideration of the still image, ultimately participate and profusely determine the reconstitution and reevaluation of the filmic structure and the image in motion.

  16. Incorporacion de la prueba al juicio: prohibicion de introducción por lectura de prueba testimonial y material

    OpenAIRE

    Carbone, Carlos Alberto

    2016-01-01

    El proceso penal acusatorio, de corte adversarial, introduce novedosamente reglas y pautas de litigación que los viejos sistemas, aún con juicio oral como el actual proceso penal nacional a punto de desaparecer ante la sanción de su reemplazante mediante la ley 27063, omitían. Ejemplo cabal de lo que afirmamos lo constituye tanto el ingreso al juicio de declaraciones de testigos, peritos, o del propio imputado como de la llamada prueba material producida antes del debate, pero p...

  17. Deterioration of Early Holocene coral reef due to sea level rise along west coast of India: Benthic foraminiferal testimony

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Mazumder, A.; Nigam, R.; Henriques, P.J.

    et al., 1996; Bruckner et al., 1996). A sudden sea level rise was recorded at around 7,000 yr BP from the region off Maldives, which destroyed the coral reef at ~15 m depth (Gischler et al., 2008). The 3 rapid sea level rise leading... influx lowered the salinity in the present area, thus adversely affecting T. squamosa, which eventually got extinct. Coral reef also, could not cope up with the rapid sea level rise and was destroyed just after ca. 10,000 yr BP. 5. Conclusion...

  18. Health care in Bosnia and Herzegovina before, during, and after 1992-1995 war: a personal testimony

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Simunović, Vladimir J

    2007-01-01

    Market-based health care reform during democratic transition in Bosnia and Herzegovina was complicated by the 1992-1995 war, that devastated the country and greater part of its health care infrastructure...

  19. Health care in Bosnia and Herzegovina before, during, and after 1992–1995 war: a personal testimony

    OpenAIRE

    Šimunović Vladimir J

    2007-01-01

    Abstract Market-based health care reform during democratic transition in Bosnia and Herzegovina was complicated by the 1992–1995 war, that devastated the country and greater part of its health care infrastructure. The course of the transition and consequences of war for the health system and health professionals are presented here from the perspective of the author. The description of real-life situations and their context is used to illustrate the problems physicians, as well as internationa...

  20. Eyewitness Testimony for a Simulated Juvenile Crime by Male and Female Criminals with Consistent or Inconsistent Gender-Role Characteristics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shapiro, Lauren R.

    2009-01-01

    Eyewitness recall by 60 adolescents and 60 young adults in Experiment 1 and by 64 children and 63 preadolescents in Experiment 2 for a simulated theft in which gender-role characteristics and sex of criminal were manipulated (i.e., masculine male, feminine male, feminine female, masculine female) was investigated. Gender-role flexibility impacted…

  1. Deterioration of Early Holocene coral reef due to sea level rise along west coast of India: Benthic foraminiferal testimony

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abhijit Mazumder

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available A total of 103 surface sediment samples collected from the water depth range of 15–3300 m along Vijaydurg-Karwar stretch of central west coast of India were analyzed for foraminiferal content. Relict benthic foraminiferal assemblage was noted within 50–135 m water depth. The relict benthic foraminiferal assemblage that includes Amphistegina, Operculina and Alveolinella in sediment samples within the water depth of 85–135 m indicates presence of coral reef at this depth during Early Holocene. The presence of barnacle fouling on Relict foraminifera at 60–90 m confirms the paleo-shoreline. The shallow depth zone is characterized by presence of agglutinated relict foraminifera. The agglutinated forms indicate freshwater influx, which eventually increased the sea level and subsequently deteriorated the paleo-coral reef.

  2. Opposite long-term trends in aerosols between low and high altitudes: a testimony to the aerosol-PBL feedback

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dong, Zipeng; Li, Zhanqing; Yu, Xing; Cribb, Maureen; Li, Xingmin; Dai, Jin

    2017-06-01

    Interactions between absorbing aerosols and the planetary boundary layer (PBL) play an important role in affecting air pollution near the surface. In this study, a unique feature of the aerosol-PBL interaction is identified that has important implications in monitoring and combating air pollution. Opposite trends in aerosol loading between the lower and upper PBL are shown on a wide range of timescales and data acquired by various platforms: from a short-term field experiment to decadal satellite observations and multidecadal ground observations in China. A novel method is proposed to obtain the vertical profiles of aerosol loading from passive sensors by virtue of varying elevations. The analyses of visibility, aerosol optical depth, and extinction with different temporal scales exhibit the similar trend, i.e., increasing in the lower atmosphere but decreasing in the upper atmosphere. Integration of the reversal aerosol trend below and above the PBL resulted in a much less change in the column-integrated quantities. The surface cooling effect, together with the change in the heating rate induced by the absorbing aerosol, unevenly modifies the atmospheric temperature profile, causing a more stable atmosphere inside the PBL but a destabilized atmosphere above the PBL. Such a change in the atmospheric stability favors the accumulation of pollutants near the surface and the vertical diffusion of aerosol particles in the upper atmosphere, both of which are consistent with the observed reversal aerosol trends. These findings have multiple implications in understanding and combating air pollution, especially in many developing countries with high emissions of light-absorbing aerosols.

  3. Knowing the Other/Other Ways of Knowing: Indigenous Feminism, Testimonial, and Anti-Globalization Street Discourse

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dulfano, Isabel

    2017-01-01

    In this article, I explore the relationship between anti-globalization counter hegemonic discourse and Indigenous feminist alternative knowledge production. Although seemingly unrelated, the autoethnographic writing of some Indigenous feminists from Latin America questions the assumptions and presuppositions of Western development models and…

  4. Long-term improvements in oral communication skills and quality of peer relations in children with cochlear implants: parental testimony.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bat-Chava, Y; Martin, D; Imperatore, L

    2014-11-01

    Few research studies have examined longitudinal improvements in oral communication skills and quality of peer relationships of children with implants. Moreover, although the emerging literature suggests that improvement in social functioning follows improvement in oral communication, it is still unknown what factors enhance or impede the relations between these constructs. Based on parent interviews, the current study examined the long-term improvements in speech and oral language skills and relationships with hearing peers in 19 implanted children. Results demonstrate that on average, children continue to improve in oral communication skills and quality of peer relationships even years after implantation, especially those with initial poorer skills. While oral communication ability and quality of peer relationships are strongly associated at each time point, gains in these two variables are associated only for some of the children. Other factors, including self-confidence and peer acceptance, seem to moderate this relationship. Qualitative data are presented to illustrate these relations among variables and to assist in theory building. The results highlight the need for more specific examination of various developmental periods in combination with the progress of oral communication and peer relationships among children with implants. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  5. In Support of Voluntary Desegregation: Testimony of Hon. Bobbi Fiedler, a Representative in Congress from the State of California.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fiedler, Bobbi

    1982-01-01

    Presents a partial transcript of a Congressional committee hearing at which Representative Bobbi Fiedler of California testified in favor of voluntary desegregation methods rather than mandatory busing in order to implement the goals of school desegregation and equal education in Los Angeles, California. (MJL)

  6. Conhecimento testemunhal: a visão não reducionista = Knowledge by testimony: the non-reductionist view

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Müller, Felipe de Matos

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Neste ensaio, consideramos a possibilidade de o conhecimento ser transmitido ou transferido via testemunho. Apresentamos inicialmente uma introdução à epistemologia do testemunho, indicando a sua origem em uma tradição que tem John Locke, David Hume e Thomas Reid como seus representantes. Apresentamos uma versão da tese não-reducionista. Mostramos que o não-reducionista acerca do conhecimento testemunhal deve requerer um desempenho epistêmico conducente à verdade por parte do falante e a integridade intelectual do ouvinte

  7. International Impacts of Global Climate Change: Testimony to House Appropriations Subcommittee on Foreign Operations, Export Financing and Related Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fulkerson, W.; Cushman, R. M.; Marland, G.; Rayner, S.

    1989-02-21

    International impacts of global climate change are those for which the important consequences arise because of national sovereignty. Such impacts could be of two types: (1) migrations across national borders of people, of resources (such as agricultural productivity, or surface water, or natural ecosystems), of effluents, or of patterns of commerce; and (2) changes to the way nations use and manage their resources, particularly fossil fuels and forests, as a consequence of international concern over the global climate. Actions by a few resource-dominant nations may affect the fate of all. These two types of international impacts raise complex equity issues because one nation may perceive itself as gaining at the expense of its neighbors, or it may perceive itself as a victim of the actions of others.

  8. HB 2578--Relating to the School Meals Program. Testimony, 79th Texas State Legislature (April 26, 2005)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hagert, Celia

    2005-01-01

    The Center for Public Policy Priorities supports HB 2574. Why encourage school districts to offer free meals to all students? The link between adequate nutrition and improved academic performance creates a clear incentive for Texas to increase participation in the school breakfast and lunch programs, particularly among low-income children.…

  9. Catalog of Reports, Decisions and Opinions, Testimonies and Speeches, GAO Documents 113171-113401. Volume 5. Number 10.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-10-01

    Missiles (Report) 113326 Former Spouses of Federal Employ- ees (Report) 113185 Cuban Refugee Freedom Flotilla Request for Reimbursement of Tele- Def lense ...soldiers attached to the Army. The items by the General Services Administration (GSA) in connection with are assembled into kits in Korea. The Director...Security and Social Services: Payment Processes (1309). 113242 Contact: Human Resources Division. 3 Contct : umanResorcesDiviion.AllegatIlons About the Ohio

  10. Speaking Secrets: Epilepsy, Neurosurgery, and Patient Testimony in the Age of the Explorable Brain, 1934-1960.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elder, Rachel

    2015-01-01

    This article examines the role of Wilder Penfield's patients in early neurosurgeries for epilepsy at the Montreal Neurological Institute from the 1930s to 1950s. Shifting the focus from scientific discoveries that emerged as a result of Penfield's unprecedented "exploration" of the brain, this piece considers how patients contributed to the creation of such knowledge through their spoken feedback, both within and beyond the operating room. Correspondingly, it examines the personal and social contexts under which patients elected for surgery. Tracing an underexplored social history of Penfield's patients through more than sixty clinical records, it suggests that making knowledge about the brain was a multidirectional process in which patients meaningfully participated, and in which their experiences of epilepsy and motivations for surgery were significant.

  11. Opposite long-term trends in aerosols between low and high altitudes: a testimony to the aerosol–PBL feedback

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Z. Dong

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Interactions between absorbing aerosols and the planetary boundary layer (PBL play an important role in affecting air pollution near the surface. In this study, a unique feature of the aerosol–PBL interaction is identified that has important implications in monitoring and combating air pollution. Opposite trends in aerosol loading between the lower and upper PBL are shown on a wide range of timescales and data acquired by various platforms: from a short-term field experiment to decadal satellite observations and multidecadal ground observations in China. A novel method is proposed to obtain the vertical profiles of aerosol loading from passive sensors by virtue of varying elevations. The analyses of visibility, aerosol optical depth, and extinction with different temporal scales exhibit the similar trend, i.e., increasing in the lower atmosphere but decreasing in the upper atmosphere. Integration of the reversal aerosol trend below and above the PBL resulted in a much less change in the column-integrated quantities. The surface cooling effect, together with the change in the heating rate induced by the absorbing aerosol, unevenly modifies the atmospheric temperature profile, causing a more stable atmosphere inside the PBL but a destabilized atmosphere above the PBL. Such a change in the atmospheric stability favors the accumulation of pollutants near the surface and the vertical diffusion of aerosol particles in the upper atmosphere, both of which are consistent with the observed reversal aerosol trends. These findings have multiple implications in understanding and combating air pollution, especially in many developing countries with high emissions of light-absorbing aerosols.

  12. Opposite long-term trends in aerosols between low and high altitudes: a testimony to the aerosol–PBL feedback

    OpenAIRE

    Dong, Z.; Li, Z.(Department of Physics, Peking University, Beijing, 100871, China); Yu, X; Cribb, M.; Li, X.; Dai, J.

    2017-01-01

    Interactions between absorbing aerosols and the planetary boundary layer (PBL) play an important role in affecting air pollution near the surface. In this study, a unique feature of the aerosol–PBL interaction is identified that has important implications in monitoring and combating air pollution. Opposite trends in aerosol loading between the lower and upper PBL are shown on a wide range of timescales and data acquired by various platforms: from a short-term field experimen...

  13. Opposite Long-term Trends in Aerosols between Lower and Higher Altitudes: A Testimony to the Aerosol-PBL Feedback

    OpenAIRE

    Dong, Zipeng; Li, Zhanqing; Yu, Xing; Cribb, Maureen; Li, Xingmin; Dai, Jin

    2017-01-01

    Interactions between absorbing aerosols and the planetary boundary layer (PBL) play an important role in enhancing air pollution near the surface. In this study, a unique feature of the interaction is found that has important implications in monitoring and combating air pollution. Opposite trends in aerosol loading between the lower and upper PBL are found on a wide range of time scales and from different types of data acquired by various platforms: from a short-term field experiment to decad...

  14. Vida de leprosa: the testimony of a woman living with Hansen's disease in the Peruvian Amazon, 1947

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cueto Marcos

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Este es un testimonio de una paciente antes, durante y después de su internamiento en una colonia agrícola de la Amazonía peruana. Narra de una manera vívida el deterioro del cuerpo, el estigma y la segregación compulsiva, así como la esperanza de una vida mejor. Es la perspectiva de un paciente, algo que no es fácil de encontrar en el trabajo histórico sobre la salud. La publicación original fue posible gracias al médico alemán Maxime H. Kuczynski-Godard y gracias al Instituto de Medicina Social de la Universidad de San Marcos que dirigía el profesor de higiene Carlos Enrique Paz-Soldán. Nos hemos basado en dicha publicación para esta transcripción. Kuczynski-Godard fue un doctor alemán que llegó al Perú a mediados de los años 1930 y que realizó valiosos trabajos en la selva peruana como parte de un esfuerzo fallido del estado peruano por colonizar - o mejor dicho - 'civilizar' la Amazonía.

  15. Athens: New capital of traditional Greek music: Testimonies on musical life at the beginning of the twentieth century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peno Vesna

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available During its long Byzantine and Post-Byzantine history Constantinople was the center for church art in general, but especially for music. This old city on the Bosporus maintained its prime position until the beginning of the 20th century when, because of new political and social conditions, the Greek people started to acquire their independence and freedom, and Athens became the new capital in the cultural as well as the political sense. During the first decades of the 20th century the Athenian music scene was marked by an intensive dispute between those musicians who leaned towards the European musical heritage and its methods in musical pedagogy, and those who called themselves traditionalists and were engaged in the preservation of traditional values of church and folk music. The best insight into the circumstances in which Greek musical life was getting a new direction are offered by the numerous musical journals published in Athens before the First World War. Among them, The Formigs is of the special interest, firstly because of the long period during which it was published (1901-1912, and secondly because of its main orientation. The editor Ioannes Tsoklis, a church chanter, and his main collaborator, the famous Constantinopolitan musician and theorist and later Principal of the Department for Byzantine music at Athens musical school Konstantinos Psahos, with other associates firmly represented the traditional position. That is why most of the published articles and the orientation of the journal generally were dedicated to the controversial problems and current musical events that were attracting public attention. The editorial board believed that there was a connection between the preservation of musical traditions and their development on one side, and foreign musical influences that were evident in the promotion of polyphonic church music, which had been totally foreign to the Greek Orthodox church until the end of the 19th century, on the other. Tsoklis and Psahos were resolved to provide enough reliable documented articles and theoretical and historical studies on church and folk music to pull up the church chanters and in such a way contribute to their better musical education. They assured that this would be the best way to attract and recruit church chanters struggling to maintain their own musical heredity. The Formigs thus served primarily in the so-called Greek music question, actuated with the aim of eliminating polyphonic music from liturgical practice. However, it also assisted in national endeavors to ensure that church and folk music would obtain separate status in official Greek musical education, which had been significantly changed by non-traditional, European methodology.

  16. The Little Rascals Day Care Center Case: A Perspective on Medical Testimony in a Prominent Public Trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Jean C.; And Others

    1994-01-01

    Three medical examiners involved in the Little Rascals Day Care Center (Edenton, NC) child sexual abuse case discuss their experiences. They were surprised to find themselves in an adversarial position against their peers, and the fact that medical evidence of child sexual abuse is controversial created difficulties that could not be solved in a…

  17. Congressional Testimony: Statement of Stephen J. Nesbitt Before the Committee on Environment and Public Works United States Senate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Statement of Stephen J. Nesbitt Assistant Inspector General for Investigations Office of Inspector General U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Before the Committee on Environment and Public Works United States Senate

  18. THE REBELLION OF THE BIRDS. TESTIMONY OF THE END OF THE WORLD IN ANCIENT TEXTS AND FILMS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia Verónica Carranza-Vera

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available A summer day at six in the morning, appeared in the sky Dola a lot of birds, so many and so different that people flabbergasted. Moreover after a time the birds are organized and start a bloody battle, similar to that which would arise between two human armies. In conclusion, only a few birds fly off, and the battlefield is strewn with bodies of birds of different species, some of them with great features. Excess bodies causes diseases among the inhabitants of Dola, who can not keep up to collect them. The bottom line is to be seen in this war a divine warning to both Burgundian County sinners to humanity.

  19. Branched tetraether membrane lipids: A versatile group of molecular fossils as testimony of past climate change (Outstanding Young Scientist Lecture)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weijers, J. W. H.

    2009-04-01

    Studying fossils of any kind provides a small window into past times and could learn us why the world around us is as it is today (and might become in the near future). Like paleontologists studying bone remains and palaeobotanists studying fossil plant remains, many organic geochemists study fossil molecules to learn about geochemical cycles, evolution, ecology and climate. Branched Glycerol Dialkyl Glycerol Tetraether (GDGT) membrane lipids are an example of such molecular fossils and have been the core subject of my research. These molecules were initially detected a decade ago in near coastal marine sediments and structurally resemble isoprenoid GDGTs, a group of membrane lipids synthesised by Archaea, a Domain of life separate from Bacteria and Eukarya. With nuclear magnetic resonance techniques we showed, however, that branched GDGTs are of bacterial rather than archaeal origin and analysis of soils, peat bogs and marine surface sediments pointed to a terrestrial origin. As isoprenoid GDGTs are mainly produced by marine archaea the ratio between the two groups, the Branched vs. Isoprenoid Tetraether (BIT) index, could be used to trace the input of soil organic matter into marine sediments. In this lecture I will provide examples of applications of this BIT index in the Channel River during the last Glacial Maximum and the Congo deep sea fan over the last deglaciation. Meanwhile, it appeared that in soils the distribution of individual branched GDGTs, which differ in their content of methyl branches and cyclopentane rings, was different from place to place. Analysis of over 100 soils at different locations revealed that the distribution of the branched GDGTs is most strongly related to both soil pH and annual mean air temperature. This is explained by the fact that bacteria have to adapt the composition of their cell membrane to ambient conditions in order to keep it properly functioning. This empirical relation opened opportunities to reconstruct past annual mean air temperatures (and soil pH) from the branched GDGT distribution in sedimentary archives. I will present examples of such reconstructions from central tropical Africa during the last deglaciation, the southern North Sea basin during the Miocene cooling period (~17-5Ma), and the Arctic Ocean during the Palaeocene-Eocene thermal maximum (~55.5 Ma). So far, the applications of these proxies have shown to be rather successful. However, as with every new proxy, several questions and uncertainties remain. In part this is due to the fact that the bacteria that synthesise these lipids are as yet still unknown. My future research will therefore be dedicated to searching for the biological precursor organism and to further validation of these molecular proxies. In addition, the potential of this new continental temperature proxy for application in lake sediments will be investigated, initially focusing on the last deglaciation. Alongside the improvement of analytical techniques, this hopefully results in some more secrets of this fascinating and versatile group of molecular fossils to be revealed.

  20. “Truth, the whole truth and nothing but the truth?” Factors influencing eyewitness testimony

    OpenAIRE

    Stachowiak, Justyna

    2007-01-01

    Several factors considered to be reliable indicators of eyewitness accuracy were examined. lt was hypothesized that personality traits and position on the field dependence/independence dimension would be two prerequisites that alter suggestibility of the eyewitness. Additionally, the relationship between suggestibility to leading questions and reported confidence of the answers was examined. Thirty adults viewed a video of a staged shop robbery not knowing about a memory recall task. Particip...

  1. Defense Expansion Capability: Testimony before the U.S. Senate Committee on the Budget, March 3, 1980,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-05-01

    and on all 13 sectors at once. The results enabled us to de- termine which sectors of industry would have to increase their total output by the...availability of inputs to the production proceos ; would be the crit ,.,1I factor in determining the extent of surge production. To the, extenit t hat

  2. ¿Nos dirigimos hacia una presencia testimonial del profesorado no numerario universitario: como uno de los efectos indeseados de la LOU?.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alcaide Arenales, A.

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available La nueva regulación que impone la LOU en la contratación del personal no numerario, que en la práctica deja como única figura viable, desde el punto de vista de la estabilidad temporal y económica, la del profesor contratado doctor, unido a las regulación restrictiva sobre los estudios de tercer ciclo, que en la práctica van a reducir drásticamente el numero de doctores que anualmente produce la Universidad española; Hechos estos, que conducirán a una sensible disminución del profesorado no numerario de las universidades, si no a su desaparición a largo plazo, dejan de lado la oportunidad que nos brinda el fenómeno demográfico de disminución de la población universitaria para asignar esos recursos humanos disponibles a aumentar la calidad de los servicios prestados y a incorporar las nuevas tecnologías de la información y la comunicación como otra apuesta decisiva de modernización de nuestra universidad, algo anticuada en sus estructuras y métodos, en lugar de utilizarla como una especie de regulación de empleo encubierta a pequeñas dosis y largo plazo. En la comunicación se analiza el contexto actual y se hace una reflexión sobre cuales serán la consecuencias que supondrá a largo plazo la aplicación de la ley, en lo que se refiere al profesorado no numerario, y como podría afectar este hecho a la calidad e incorporación de nuestra universidad a las nuevas formas de impartir educación superior, finalizando con unas conclusiones a modo de resumen en que se relacionan las medidas, que en nuestra opinión deberían arbitrarse para paliar en lo posible los nubarrones que se ciernen sobre nuestra universidad.

  3. A testimony to the history of heart and lung transplantation: English translation of Demikhov's paper, "Transplantation of the Heart, Lungs and other Organs".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shoja, Mohammadali M; Tubbs, R Shane; Ardalan, Mohammad R; Loukas, Marios; Phagava, Helen; Cohen-Gadol, Aaron A

    2010-09-03

    Vladimir Petrovich Demikhov, a Soviet physiologist and surgeon, made meticulous attempts at reviving heart and lung transplantation in the last century. Herein, we present an English translation of Demikhov's 1969 paper of Transplantation of the Heart, Lungs and other Organs (published in Eksperimental'naia Khirurgiia i Anesteziologiia), which represented a synopsis of his experiences with experimental transplantation. A brief account of Demikhov's life and contributions to transplant medicine is also given. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  4. Desperate Affirmation: on the Aporetic Performativity of Memoria and Testimony, in the Light of W.G. Sebalds Story Max Ferber; with a Theological Response

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kate, L. ten; Philipsen, B.; Borgman, E.

    2005-01-01

    Is ‘remembering’ an intentional activity, residing in the subject’s autonomy, or does it belong to the realm of receptivity, interrupting the subject? Or is it both at once? This jointly authored paper sets these questions in the context of a recently renewed interest in memoria in cultural theory

  5. La formación y valoración de la prueba testimonial en el proceso canónico de nulidad matrimonial

    OpenAIRE

    Hernández Rodríguez,María Victoria

    2011-01-01

    El derecho de los fieles al proceso y al consiguiente juicio justo, fundamentado en la verdad y, por tanto, en la caridad y en la prudencia, ha quedado establecido, por primera vez en la legislación eclesiástica, en el canon 221 §§ 1-2. A la búsqueda de la verdad va orientado el proceso, cuya fase probatoria constituye el corazón y el centro del mismo, ya que son las pruebas las que permitirán al juez obtener la certeza moral de la verdad sobre la existencia de un hecho controvertido. Entre l...

  6. "My pen shall add a testimony to men noble and daring"; Poetry, Heroism and the Wreck of the SS Admella (1859

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicole Anae

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available This examination attempts to claim the significance of a number of original poems written by nineteenth-century amateur poets in direct response to the wreck of the SS Admella and published in the days, weeks and months following the actual event on 6 August 1859. Situating selected works in the collection of verse contemporaneously termed 'Admella poetry' against the cultural backdrop of this maritime disaster reveals that these poems contributed to informing the colonial and trans-Australian mindset in response to the tragedy. 'Admella' poets responded to twin cultural upheavals affected by the disaster: the unprecedented communal response to the wreck as a colonial tragedy; and, the two-fold significance of the electric telegraph in both mediating the event as a real-life occurrence, and in mobalising communities in a collective experience of trauma, grief and commemoration.

  7. The problem of the content of the recognition of the testimony of the informers towards the concept of just cause for the regular exercise of the criminal action

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Walter Barbosa Bittar

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available This article analyzes the conceptual problems regarding the legal nature of the plea bargaining and the just cause, seeking to establish limits regarding the recognition of the content of the version presented by the informers, with greater attention to the probative value, as seen in the Brazilian legal system, seeking if it is possible to include the content of what can be understood as accepted just cause, or not, as a legitimate requirement for the criminal action procedure. To fulfill this objective, we sought to establish existence and validity requirements for the beginning of a valid criminal prosecution procedure, highlighting the criminal political aspects that end up influencing in the conclusion of the inherent contours of the object of the analysis of the present study.

  8. Financial Management: Education's Financial Management Problems Persist. Testimony before the Task Force on Education, Committee on the Budget, House of Representatives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jarmon, Gloria L.; Engel, Gary T.

    This document discusses the Department of Education's (DOE) fiscal year 1999 financial audit results; the relationship between the audit findings and the potential for waste, fraud, and abuse; and the results of the General Accounting Office's (GAO) review of the DOE's grantback account. The DOE's financial activity is important to the federal…

  9. Financial Management: Education Faces Challenges in Achieving Financial Management Reform. Testimony before the Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations, Committee on Education and the Workforce, House of Representatives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jarmon, Gloria L.

    This report provides a fiscal analysis of the Department of Education's 1999 financial audit results. It focuses on the relationship between the audit findings and the potential for waste, fraud, and abuse, and examines the status of an ongoing study of the Department's grantback account. It describes the ongoing accounting problems that have…

  10. O corpo em estado de graça: ex-votos, testemunho e subjetividade The body in a state of grace: ex-votos, testimony and subjectivity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leônia Cavalcante Teixeira

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho é fruto de uma pesquisa teórica sobre o ex-voto e suas repercussões na construção das subjetividades, considerando os referenciais da antropologia de Mauss e da psicanálise freudiana. A partir da contextualização da prática votiva e seus significados para o devoto e sua comunidade, entendemos o imaginário religioso como fonte de sentidos para o sujeito em padecimento, revelando formas típicas à cultura popular de compreensão dos vínculos sociais e das condições materiais de vida. Concluímos que, frente ao pathos que fundamenta o humano, o sujeito em sofrimento reage buscando cura e salvação para seus males pela intercessão de poderes superiores ligados ao sagrado. Apesar da não-implicação subjetiva no processo de vida, percebemos que os vínculos sociais forjados pelas obrigações de dar, receber e retribuir constituem uma ética, acolhendo o sujeito e sua comunidade em uma rede social propiciadora de sentidos às vicissitudes da existência.This work is the result of a theoretical research on the ex-voto (Latin: in conformity with a promise and its repercussions in the construction of subjectivities, considering the benchmarks of the anthropology of Mauss and Freudian psychoanalysis. From the context of the votive practice and its meanings to the devout and his community, we view the religious imagery as a source of senses to the subject who is suffering, showing the typical forms of popular culture of understanding the social ties and the material conditions of life. We conclude that, facing the pathos that substantiates the human being, the person who is suffering reacts seeking for cure and salvation for his ills through the intersection of superior powers linked to the sacred. Despite of the subjective non-involvement in the process of life, we realize that the social ties forged by the obligations of giving, receiving and returning constitute ethics, welcoming the subject in a social network that provides senses to the vicissitudes of existence.

  11. Puesta en escena, silencios y momentos del testimonio. El trabajo de campo en contextos de violencia Staging, Silences and Moments of Testimony. Fieldwork in Contexts of Violence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalia Quiceno Toro

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo propone una reflexión sobre el ejercicio etnográfico y el acto de testimoniar en contextos marcados por la "guerra". Aborda las características que toman el testimonio y su producción en el marco de una investigación con víctimas del conflicto político en tres barrios de la ciudad de Medellín. Se proponen como ejes de reflexión, por un lado, los contextos y los momentos donde tiene escenario el testimonio y, por otro lado, el tema de la escucha y los silencios en la producción de los testimonios. Este artículo cuestiona la idea según la cual el testimonio se produce de manera neutra y sin variaciones según los contextos, emociones y relaciones que se entablan entre investigadores y víctimas, ante lo cual se plantea la alternativa de realizar acercamientos reflexivos que consideren las particularidades y demandas que surgen en los momentos de producción del testimonio.This article proposes a reflection on ethnographic fieldwork and the act of "bearing witness" in "war" contexts. This reflection is one of the outcomes of a research project focused on political conflict victims in three neighborhoods of Medellin conducted in 2007. The article locates as central points of analysis contexts and moments where bearing witness is elicited [spatial and temporal elements that condition witnessing ] as well as the role that acts such as listening and remaining silent play in their production. It challenges the taken for granted idea that bearing witness is neutral and independent of the context of its enunciation, as it shows how spatial and temporal conditions, emotions and the interaction between researcher and victims ["victims" ] give shape to people’s accounts and understanding of the political conflict. This article proposes a reflexive posture that takes in account such conditions as an alternative way of approaching acts of bearing witness.

  12. What works best: objective statistics or a personal testimonial? An assessment of the persuasive effects of different types of message evidence on risk perception.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Wit, John B F; Das, Enny; Vet, Raymond

    2008-01-01

    In an experimental online study we compared the effects of different types of persuasive evidence in promoting the acceptance of a personal health risk. 118 men who have sex with men (MSM) at-risk for infection with the hepatitis B virus (HBV) were recruited via a range of websites and randomly assigned to one of 4 conditions (2 experimental and 2 control): narrative evidence (i.e., a personal account), statistical evidence (i.e., abstract prevalence data), mere assertion of increased risk, and no risk information. Narrative evidence was expected to be more effective than statistical evidence in increasing MSM's perceived risk of infection with HBV and intention to obtain vaccination. As predicted, perceptions of personal risk and intention to obtain vaccination against HBV were highest after presentation of narrative evidence, and risk perception mediated the effect of type of message evidence on intention. We propose that narrative evidence effectively promotes a sense of personal risk because it is less affected by defensive message processing resulting from the threat to important self-beliefs that seems inherent in health risk communication.

  13. Health Workforce: Ensuring Adequate Supply and Distribution Remains Challenging. Testimony before the Subcommittee on Health, Committee on Energy and Commerce, House of Representatives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heinrich, Janet

    The General Accounting Office's (GAO's) director of health care-public health issues testified before Congress regarding growing concerns about the adequacy of the health care work force and lessons learned from the experience of the National Health Service Corps (NHSC) in addressing the maldistribution of health care professionals. The following…

  14. The impact of Daubert: implications for testimony and research in forensic anthropology (and the use of frontal sinuses in personal identification).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christensen, Angi M

    2004-05-01

    This paper emphasizes the need for objectivity and standardized methodologies in the forensic sciences, particularly physical anthropology. To this end, a review of important events in scientific evidence admissibility law, particularly the standards set in the case of Daubert v. Merrell-Dow Pharmaceuticals, Inc., 1993, is presented. The method of confirming a putative identification by visual comparison of antemortem and postmortem frontal sinus radiographs is examined in light of current admissibility standards. The technique is revealed to have a number of shortcomings, including a lack of empirical testing, no estimates of potential error rates, no standards controlling the technique's operation, and no objective determination standards. These shortcomings may, in some instances, prevent resulting conclusions from being admissible evidence. It is suggested that some methods (including frontal sinus comparison) may require more rigorous testing in order to meet these new and stricter standards.

  15. Availability of Drinking Water in California Public Schools. Testimony Presented before the California State Assembly Subcommittee on Education on April 2, 2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schuster, Mark A.

    2008-01-01

    A senior researcher and hospital Chief of General Pediatrics, testifies about his work with a California school district to prevent obesity by developing a middle school program to promote healthy eating and physical activity. A two-year study has found that students have limited access to drinking water, especially at meals. In the schools being…

  16. I'm proud that I've been in the army as a woman : A qualitative study of women's testimonies of their military service in Israel

    OpenAIRE

    Nguyen, Thuha

    2017-01-01

    The IDF (Israel Defence Forces) is an important part in many Israelis lives since there is a mandatory military service for both men and women, making the country stand apart from many others. Although it may seem as men and women have an equal army service experience, this is not the case. Women only make up of 34 percent of all IDF soldiers. Furthermore, female soldiers are often subjected to military positions that are considered gender appropriate for women. Even though women are moving i...

  17. Guaman Poma de Ayala's "New Chronicle and Good Government" A testimony on the health of the Indigenous populations in XVIth century Peru

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Axel M. Klohn

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The demographic collapse of indigenous population in early colonial Peru after colonial contact raises questions about its possible causes: imported infectious agents, mistreatment, or other. Guaman Poma de Ayala provides a unique first hand account, in an indigenous perspective, of the situation. He identifies as causes of decline of the indigenous population: deportation for forced labour in lethal environments, widespread abuses, exploitation and violence exerted by the colonizers, and disruption of social organization. Guaman Poma's account for Peru is in line with prior accounts by Bartolomé de Las Casas for the Caribbean and Mexico; it also appears, partly, in Spanish XVIth century historiography. Current archaeological research shows a pattern of high biological stress and impaired health of indigenous populations following colonial contact. Early protective measures are discussed together with their consequences and relevance.

  18. Climate change : preliminary observations on geoengineering science, federal efforts, and governance issues : testimony before the Committee on Science and Technology, House of Representatives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-18

    Key scientific assessments have underscored the urgency of reducing emissions of carbon dioxide to help mitigate potentially negative effects of climate change; however, many countries with significant greenhouse gas emissions, including the United S...

  19. Spanish Prints from the Peninsular War: Propaganda, Commemoration and Testimony Estampas españolas de la Guerra de la Independencia: propaganda, conmemoración y testimonio

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Manuel MATILLA

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Prints were a remarkable propaganda instrument during the Peninsular War. Since the mid 18th century the State had been encouraging the development of engraving and this favoured the existence of printmakers who satisfied the requirements of the market during these years. This market can be tracked thanks to the advertisements published in the periodical press. Production revolved around satire, portraits and narrative representations. As opposed to these mainly propagandistic prints, Francisco de Goya’s Disasters of War constitute a counterpoint in which the author offers a critical and personal point of view.Las estampas constituyeron un notable instrumento de propaganda durante la Guerra de la Independencia. La labor que el Estado había desarrollado desde mediados del siglo XVIII para el fomento del grabado favoreció la existencia de grabadores que satisficieron la demanda del mercado en estos años. Un mercado que es posible seguir gracias a los anuncios insertados en la prensa periódica. Sátiras, retratos y representaciones narrativas constituyen los tres ejes alrededor de los que gira esta producción. Frente a estas estampas de función eminentemente propagandística, los Desastres de la guerra de Francisco de Goya constituyen un contrapunto en el que el autor ofrece una visión crítica y personal.

  20. Participación de la mujer excombatiente en la vida política, social y cultural colombiana: una mirada a partir de la narrativa testimonial

    OpenAIRE

    Ariza Rubio, Yeny Alejandra

    2015-01-01

    La presente investigación analiza la experiencia de un grupo de mujeres que vivieron la experiencia de vincularse a las guerrillas y han atravesado por un proceso de desmovilización y de reinserción social, en el marco del conflicto armado colombiano. El objetivo principal es, abordar la situación actual que viven la mujeres excombatientes, analizando cuál ha sido su participación en la vida política, social y cultural del país, y resaltando sus aportes a la construcción de la paz, la convive...

  1. Paridad de género y violencia política en Bolivia, Costa Rica y Ecuador. Un análisis testimonial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Albaine

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo analiza el acoso y violencia política en razón de género en tres países pioneros de América Latina que han avanzado más allá de las cuotas al adoptar una normativa político paritaria- Bolivia (2009, Costa Rica (2009 y Ecuador (2008 -. Esta investigación es realizada a través de la recolección de datos primarios obtenidos de la realización de 23 entrevistas focalizadas a informantes clave a fin de contar con testimonios sobre las formas del ejercicio de la violencia política en razón de género en cada país de estudio, fenómeno que presenta un bajo registro oficial en la región. Asimismo, se presenta un análisis sobre el accionar de los partidos políticos ante la primera implementación de la normativa paritaria en Bolivia (2009 y Ecuador (2009 que pone de manifiesto la confección estratégica en términos de género de las listas partidarias.

  2. 21 CFR 12.98 - Official transcript.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... a verbatim stenographic transcript of oral testimony and for necessary copies of the transcript. (b... the transcript of oral testimony. Corrections are permitted only for transcription errors. The...

  3. Konsep Kesetaraan dalam Kesaksian Perempuan: Antara Perspektif Wahyu dan Perspektif Gender

    OpenAIRE

    Henri Shalahuddin

    2016-01-01

    The following article tries to research the concept of equality in women’s testimony, either in revelation perspective or gender one. For feminists, women’s testimony in Islam which is considered half of the man’s testimony has been led to discrimination against women in the public sector. In Islam, implementing testimony is fard}u kifâyah, including the testimony implemented by women. A woman’s testimony is accepted in all cases that may not be done by men absolutely. Related to this, there ...

  4. Freight railroads : updated information on rates and other industry trends : testimony before the Subcommittee on Surface Transportation and Merchant Marine, Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, U.S. Senate

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-10-23

    The Staggers Rail Act of 1980 largely deregulated the freight railroad industry, encouraging greater reliance on competition to set rates. The act recognized the need for railroads to recover costs by setting higher rates for shippers with fewer tran...

  5. Freight railroads : preliminary observations on rates, competition, and capacity issues : testimony before the Subcommittee on Surface Transportation and Merchant Marine, Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, U.S. Senate

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-06-21

    The Staggers Rail Act of 1980 largely deregulated the freight railroad industry, giving the railroads freedom to price their services according to market conditions and encouraging greater reliance on competition to set rates. The act recognized the ...

  6. Head Start: Undercover Testing Finds Fraud and Abuse at Selected Head Start Centers. Testimony before the Committee on Education and Labor, House of Representatives. GAO-10-733T

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kutz, Gregory D.

    2010-01-01

    The Head Start program, overseen by the Department of Health and Human Services and administered by the Office of Head Start, provides child development services primarily to low-income families and their children. Federal law allows up to 10 percent of enrolled families to have incomes above 130 percent of the poverty line--GAO (Government…

  7. Head Start: Comprehensive Approach to Identifying and Addressing Risks Could Help Prevent Grantee Financial Management Weaknesses. Testimony before the House Committee on Education and the Workforce. GAO-05-465T

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shaul, Marnie S.

    2005-01-01

    In fiscal year 2004, the Congress appropriated $6.8 billion to serve 919,000 poor children through 1,680 Head Start grantees nationwide. Recent reports of financial improprieties at a number of Head Start programs around the country raised questions about the effectiveness of the oversight provided by the Department of Health and Human Services?…

  8. A propósito del maestro ignorante y sus lecciones: testimonio de una relación transferencial On the ignorant schoolmaster and his lessons: testimony of a tranferential relationship

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Graciela Frigerio

    2003-04-01

    Full Text Available El artículo remite a la producción y trayectoria de Rancière como un modo de nombrar una filosofía extramuros. Desde esta extraterritorialidad, transitando nociones del psicoanálisis, Frigerio da cuenta de la pertinencia pedagógica y la actualidad de las lecciones de Rancière para los educadores que hoy, en América Latina, tienen a su cargo la responsabilidad de educar. El texto puede recorrerse en clave de transferencia. Destaca los modos en los que el amor de transferencia se vuelven condición de emancipación cuando ofrecen la regla de la confianza como encuadre de una pedagogía. Insiste en destacar que es posible interrumpir las profecías de fracaso que acompañan la relación con la cultura, de modo que el origen social deje de ser una marca que actúa como condena. Un amor de transferencia puede ofrecer una salida de la condena sin que implique renegar de la pertenencia; puede permitir que cada sujeto recupere la oportunidad de no quedar atrapado en el origen, cuando la asimetría fundante de las relaciones no deviene la sede de una desigualdad. La igualdad se transforma, entonces, en una condición de la emancipación posible.This paper refers to the production and trajectory of Rancière as a way of developing an outsider philosophy. From this extraterritoriality, through psychoanalytic concepts, Frigerio rescues the pedagogical relevancy and topicality of the lessons of Rancière for the teachers nowadays in charge of education in Latin America. This text can be used as a clue about transference. It emphasizes the different ways transfer love follows to become a condition for emancipation when it offers trust as a framework for pedagogy. It also stresses that it is possible to interrupt the failure prophecies related with culture, so that nobody be condemned for their social origins. Transfer love may offer a way out of condemnation without denying the place or group to which one belongs; it can also hinder that anyone be trapped in their origins, especially when the founding asymmetrical relationships transforms into inequality. Thus, equality is a condition for possible emancipation.

  9. For-Profit Colleges: Undercover Testing Finds Colleges Encouraged Fraud and Engaged in Deceptive and Questionable Marketing Practices. Testimony before the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions, U.S. Senate. GAO-10-948T

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kutz, Gregory D.

    2010-01-01

    Enrollment in for-profit colleges has grown from about 365,000 students to almost 1.8 million in the last several years. These colleges offer degrees and certifications in programs ranging from business administration to cosmetology. In 2009, students at for-profit colleges received more than $4 billion in Pell Grants and more than $20 billion in…

  10. School Bullying: Legal Protections for Vulnerable Youth Need to Be More Fully Assessed. Testimony before the Committee on Health, Education, Labor and Pensions, U.S. Senate. GAO-12-785T

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calbom, Linda M.

    2012-01-01

    In this statement, the author discusses the results of the work that the members of the Committee on Health, Education, Labor and Pensions requested on school bullying. It is estimated that millions of American youths have been bullied by their peers, including physical, verbal, and electronic attacks. The author's statement is based on a report…

  11. Scientific / colonial knowledge logics: a critique of the modest testimony from border territories Lógicas científico / coloniales del conocimiento: una crítica a los testimonios modestos desde territorios de frontera.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liliana Vargas Monroy

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available According to some definitions, the introduction of a paper, apart from exposing its objectives, should be the stimulant that generates interest in a deeper reading and a wider appraisal. With this definition in mind, I submit for this issue of Athena the text that introduces my discussion on the Scientific/Colonial Logics of Knowledge: Writing, images and borderline issues. The keys and the roadmap which represent the basis of this paper are contained within, as also a simple overview of some of its strongest theses. Hopefully, this introduction will worthily fulfill its task.Según algunas definiciones, la introducción de un trabajo además de plantear los objetivos del mismo, debe ser la incitadora de un interés que conduzca a una lectura más amplia. Con esta definición en mente, presento para esta entrega de la tesiteca de Athena, un texto que introduce mi discusión sobre las Lógicas científico/coloniales del conocimiento: Escritura, imágenes y territorios de frontera. En él se encuentran las claves y el mapa de escritura con el que este trabajo fue construido, así como un sencillo recorrido por algunas de sus tesis más fuertes. Ojala esta introducción cumpla cabalmente su tarea.

     

  12. Statement Testimony of Mr. Alan R. Shaffer, Principal Deputy, Defense Research and Engineering Before the United States House of Representatives Committee on Armed Services, Subcommittee on Terrorism, Unconventional Threats and Capabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-05-20

    MONITOR’S REPORT NUMBER(S) 12. DISTRIBUTION/AVAILABILITY STATEMENT Approved for public release; distribution unlimited 13. SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES 14...Advanced Composite Cargo Aircraft ( ACCA ) platform to assess and validate the structural behavior and cost impact of using large out-of-autoclave...In coordination with the Joint Staff, these STIPLs provide a critical input for determining overall Department technology needs to resolve approved

  13. Seclusions and Restraints: Selected Cases of Death and Abuse at Public and Private Schools and Treatment Centers. Testimony Before the Committee on Education and Labor, House of Representatives. GAO-09-719T

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kutz, Gregory D.

    2009-01-01

    The Government Accountability Office (GAO) recently testified before the Committee on Education and Labor, House of Representatives, regarding allegations of death and abuse at residential programs for troubled teens. The document presents the statement of Gregory D. Kutz, Managing Director, Forensic Audits and Special Investigations. Recent…

  14. L’écriture de soi, et ses modalités de constitution en archives Self-writing and its Archive-Building Methods: the Case of the Testimony of Former Political Prisoners in Morocco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anouk Cohen

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available L’Instance équité et réconciliation (IER, créée au Maroc en 2006, vise à « établir la vérité sur plusieurs faits de l’histoire » (de la date de l’indépendance du Maroc, 1956, à la fin du règne de Hassan II, 1999. Devant l’absence d’archives officielles, l’IER a procédé à l’archivage des livres carcéraux récemment publiés au Maroc. Cela pose un certain nombre de questions : comment les récits carcéraux sont-ils passés du statut d’écrits littéraires à celui d’archives ? De quelles manières l’articulation des notions de « témoignages », de « récits » et d’« archives » est-elle conçue et opérée par les acteurs qui les mobilisent (IER, auteurs, éditeurs, lecteurs et pourquoi leur attribuent-ils cette terminologie ? Autant d’interrogations qui seront au cœur de cette réflexion axée sur les procédés à l’origine de la mutation des livres carcéraux en archives.The Equality and Reconciliation Commission (IER: Instance Equité et Réconciliation, created in Morocco in 2006, aims to “establish the truth about several historical facts” (from the date of Moroccan independence, 1956, to the end of the reign of Hassan II, 1999. Faced with a lack of official archives, the IER proceeded to archive prison books recently published in Morocco. This raises a number of questions: how did prison stories shift from the status of literary compositions to that of archives? How is the link between the notions of “testimony”, “stories” and “archives” conceived and manipulated by the actors who use them (IER, authors, publishers, readers, and why attribute this terminology to them? These questions lie at the heart of this study, which focuses on the processes underlying this transformation of prison books into archives.

  15. Geological testimonies of the Portuguese Empire in the East among the collections of the Museu Nacional de História Natural e da Ciência (Lisbon, Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Manuel Brandão

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available The Mineralogical and Geological Museum of the Faculty of Sciences in Lisbon preserved until the fire of 1978 samples representing several geological units of Timor, collected willfully by agents of the colonial administration. The study of this unique collection in the mainland museums has helped to shed light on the geology of the most distant overseas Portuguese territory. The results were presented at the International Geological Congress, held in London in 1948. Most of the samples were lost in 1978, saving up however the collections sent by the governor of the province to the author of the study on the geology of Timor, former naturalist of the museum. This paper is based on scientific documentation and revisits the collections in order to contextualize its formation and composition, highlighting its role as landmark of sovereignty and the assertion of colonial science in the Portuguese Empire of the East.

  16. Testimony: Statement of Paul J. Granetto Director Defense Financial Auditing Service Office of the Inspector General Department of Defense to the Subcommittee on Government Efficiency and Financial Management House Government Reform Committee on Defense Financial Management

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Granetto, Paul

    2003-01-01

    .... Decision-makers responsible for planning military actions need reliable financial information so that they can prudently manage available resources and allocate dollars to those processes that yield...

  17. Where’s the Remote Control? It’s Time for Virtual Justice: A Proposal to Amend the Rules of Court-Martial to Allow for Testimony by Video Teleconference

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-04-01

    ended and was replaced by oral depositions where confrontation was now the norm. 279 In United States v. Obligacion ,280 the court found the 100-mile...279 Tiedemann, supra note 245, at 22. 280 37 C.M.R. 300 (1967). 2s1 Id. at 301. 282 United States v. Obligacion , 37 C.M.R. 300, 302 (C.M.A. 1967

  18. Federal Student Loans: Oversight of Defaulted Loan Rehabilitation Needs Strengthening. Testimony before the Subcommittee on Higher Education and Workforce Training, Committee on Education and the Workforce, House of Representatives. GAO-14-426T

    Science.gov (United States)

    Emrey-Arras, Melissa

    2014-01-01

    As of September 2013 about $94 billion--over 11 percent of federal student loan volume in repayment--was in default. Loan rehabilitation allows borrowers who make nine on-time monthly payments within 10 months to have the default removed from their credit reports. Department of Education (Education) contracts with collection agencies to assist…

  19. Statement Testimony of Mr. Alan Shaffer, Principal Deputy, Defense Research and Engineering, Before the United States House of Representatives Committee on Armed Services, Subcommittee on Terrorism, Unconventional Threats and Capabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-03-13

    solar electric powered UAV for small payloads that have the potential to be airborne for a month or longer. Airship technology is also an attractive...Equipping Force tested a transportable hybrid electric power stations (THEPS), using a combination of wind and solar energy with batteries and a...materials and design that allowed the antenna to be deflated and carried in a suitcase , but still allow for high-bandwidth throughput. This design replaced

  20. Susan Magoffin’s Santa Fe Days in 1846: The Value of Testimony Les journées de Santa Fé en 1846 de Susan Magoffin : la valeur du témoignage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susanne Berthier-Foglar

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Susan Magoffin, la jeune épouse d’un commerçant de la piste de Santa Fe, accompagna son mari en 1846 pour un voyage où la caravane suivait de près l’Armée de l’Ouest et pendant lequel elle tint un journal. Cet article traite des 37 jours que dura la pause de la caravane à Santa Fe et aborde plus spécifiquement la façon dont l’auteur appréhendait l’altérité dans un environnement inhabituel et parfois dangereux. Pour apprécier la valeur du témoignage, je combine une analyse du discours avec une évaluation statistique du contenu. La description, parfois naïve, de Santa Fe sous l’occupation américaine illustre les raisons de la guerre contre le Mexique. En tant qu’agent de la destinée manifeste, Susan Magoffin admirait le général Kearny en lui attribuant des qualités surhumaines et en participant à ses efforts de propagande. Alors qu’elle était enracinée dans sa classe et sa culture, elle voyait la population mexicaine et les Amérindiens avec un esprit ouvert bien que ses motifs pour apprendre l’espagnol, ainsi que le métier de commerçante, avaient une fonction plus prosaïque.

  1. Hacer Creer: Estrategias narrativas en testimonios de los últimos ranqueles Fazer Crer: Estratégias narrativas em testemunhos dos últimos Ranqueles To Make Believe: Narrative Strategies in the Testimonies of the Last Ranquel People

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wolfgang Karrer

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo propongo analizar las narraciones y las conversaciones recopiladas por Ana Fernández Garay (2002 como actuaciones de narradoras bilingües de la provincia de La Pampa. Los textos muestran una situación de desgaste del idioma ranquel (comparado con otros dialectos Mapuche en estos testimonios. Los escasos recursos lingüísticos (con alternancia frecuente de códigos no parecen dejar mucho lugar para hacer creer a los oyentes en lo que se cuenta. Ni parecen necesarios entre hermanas o esposos, por ejemplo. Tres mitos, ocho cuentos de animales, dieciséis monólogos y ocho conversaciones sobre eventos del pasado permiten un análisis comparativo de las estrategias para hacer creíble lo narrado a los receptores. La comparación entre las narraciones de ficción (epew con las narraciones históricas (ngütram nos permite identificar ciertas estrategias comunes para hacer creer (especialmente la repetición, así como también, relacionar los resultados del análisis con las teorías de creencias como formas de saber posible, elaboradas por María Inés Palleiro y su grupo de investigación (2008.Neste artigo, proponho analisar as narração e as conversações recopiladas por Ana Fernández Garay (2002 como atuações de narradoras bilíngües da província La Pampa. Os textos mostram uma situação de desgaste do idioma [ranquel] (comparado com outros dialetos Mapuche nestes testemunhos. Os poucos recursos lingüísticos (com alternância freqüente de códigos não parecem deixar muito lugar para fazer crer aos ouvintes no que se conta. Nem parecem necessários entre irmãs ou esposos, por exemplo. Três mitos, oito contos de animais, dezesseis monólogos e oito conversações sobre eventos do passado permitem uma análise comparativo das estratégias para fazer crer o narrado aos receptores. A comparação entre as narrações de ficção ([epew] com as narrações históricas (ngütram nos permite identificar certas estratégias comuns de fazer crer (especialmente na repetição, assim como também relacionar os resultados da análise com as teorias de crenças como formas de saber possível, elaboradas por M. I. Palleiro e seu grupo de pesquisa (2008.In this article I propose to analyze the narrations and conversations collected by Ana Fernández Garay (2002 as performances of bilingual narrators from the province of La Pampa (Argentina. The texts show a certain decline of the Ranquel, a variety of the Mapuche language. The few linguistic means and continuous code-switching do not seem to leave much room for make-belief techniques in the stories told. Nor do they seem to be necessary between sisters or spouses, for instance. Three myths, eight animal stories, sixteen monologues and another eight conversations about events in the past will allow a comparative analysis of the narrative strategies of make-belief in these texts. By comparing fictional stories (epew with historical narratives (ngütram I identify certain widespread strategies of make-belief (especially repetition. I relate these results to theories of belief as possible knowledge, as elaborated by María Inés Palleiro and her group of investigations (2008.

  2. Concussion in High School Sports: Overall Estimate of Occurrence Is Not Available, but Key State Laws and Nationwide Guidelines Address Injury Management. Testimony before the Committee on Education and Labor, House of Representatives. GAO-10-569T

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kohn, Linda T.

    2010-01-01

    Participation in school sports can benefit children but also carries a risk of injury, including concussion. Concussion is a brain injury that can affect memory, speech, and muscle coordination and can cause permanent disability or death. Concussion can be especially serious for children, who are more likely than adults both to sustain a…

  3. Epistolary testimony of filial love (Zygmunt Krasiński – Wincenty Krasiński [Epistolarne świadectwa miłości synowskiej (Zygmunt Krasiński – Wincenty Krasiński

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henryk GRADKOWSKI

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available The article discusses the motif of filial love of distinctive romantic poet, the author of Nie-Boska Komedia, Zygmunt Krasiński. The unusual fascination by the paternal will mainly shown in letters written by the son to his father, as Zygmunt Krasiński spent most of his life abroad and from there he maintained a continuous correspondence with his father, general Wincenty Krasiński, the deputy and then the chief warden of the Polish Kingdom. The poet’s father, the former Napoleonic general, chose the service for the new leader – the Russian tsar. That was something irreconcilable for the feeble son who kept using the services of bathing sanatoria and maintained epistolary discussion with the beloved father. The ideological conflict usually concluded in admitting the righteousness to the “beloved daddy” in particular matters. That, however, caused real ethical dilemmas for the sensitive condescending youth. The unusually rich correspondence of Zygmunt Krasiński is undoubtedly a precious contribution to nineteenth century thought, and also into family and existential aspects of the two uncommon men – Zygmunt and Wincenty Krasiński.

  4. The John Milner Nutrition and Cancer Prevention Research Practicum | Division of Cancer Prevention

    Science.gov (United States)

    Attendee Testimonial Plenty of Food for Thought Served Up at the John Milner Nutrition and Cancer Prevention Research Practicum by Julia Tobacyk Read the Testimonial (DOC, 3.3MB) Date: March 12-16, 2018 |

  5. Understanding Cancer Prognosis

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Fact Book Careers at NCI Visitor Information Legislative Activities Hearings & Testimonies Current Congress Legislative History Committees of ... Proposal Congressional Justification NCI Budget Fact Book Legislative Activities Hearings & Testimonies Current Congress Legislative History Committees of ...

  6. Reforming the American Military Officer Personnel System: Addendum: Thoughts on Contractors

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-05-24

    Testimony Reforming the American Military Officer Personnel System Addendum: Thoughts on Contractors Bernard D. Rostker CT-446/1 Document...1 Reforming the American Military Officer Personnel System Addendum: Thoughts on Contractors Testimony of Bernard D. Rostker 1 The RAND

  7. Blood Clotting and Pregnancy

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Policy Statements Congressional Fellowship Testimony and Correspondence Advocacy Leadership Institute View all Support Medical Research Urge your ... Image Bank Advocacy Action Alerts Policy News Advocacy Leadership Institute Policy Statements Testimony & Correspondence Meetings ASH Annual ...

  8. 77 FR 6193 - Electronic Fund Transfers (Regulation E)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-07

    ...; Testimony of James C. Orr, Microfinance International Corporation, 2007 House Hearing at 59. \\54\\ See also.... Thompson, The Western Union Company, 2009 House Hearing at 20; Testimony of James C. Orr, Microfinance...

  9. Climate change science : high quality greenhouse gas emissions data are a cornerstone of programs to address climate change

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-02-24

    This testimony focuses on (1) the importance of quality data on emissions in the context of a program intended to limit greenhouse gas emissions, and (2) key considerations in developing reliable data on greenhouse gas emissions. This testimony is ba...

  10. Nuclear fuel reprocessing and high level waste disposal: informational hearings. Volume V. Reprocessing. Part 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1977-03-08

    Testimony was presented by a four member panel on the commercial future of reprocessing. Testimony was given on the status of nuclear fuel reprocessing in the United States. The supplemental testimony and materials submitted for the record are included in this report. (LK)

  11. Rape trauma syndrome in the military courts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, S A

    1995-01-01

    The military courts have developed a rich case law tradition in the area of rape trauma syndrome testimony. These cases are particularly important in the context of a military that is both increasingly female and increasingly sensitive to mixed gender relationships. This article reviews the military court's approach to rape trauma testimony over the past 15 years. The author notes that military courts have been accepting of this testimony within certain well defined limits. The author analyzes the approach to testimony at one military medical center and offers a testimony model for the forensic psychiatrist who testifies in a military setting.

  12. Zapažanja o teologiji mučeništva

    OpenAIRE

    Bižaca, Nikola

    2009-01-01

    The past and present of the Church give enough evidence that it also has always been the Church of martyrs. In this work the author analyzes theology of martyrdom starting from the suffering testimony of Jesus Christ. Then he analyzes various testimonies about the persecution of prophets and the righteous in the Old Testament, as well as the testimonies about the martyrdom after Christ. In the second part the author brings an overview of different perceptions of martyrdom in the course of ...

  13. Asian & Pacific Islander American Health Forum

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... 2017 APIAHF Statement for Energy Commerce Hearing Supporting CHIP Health Center and Prevention Fund Funding [ Testimony and ... Policy Network Development Policy and Advocacy Research and Data Capacity ...

  14. Blood Clotting and Pregnancy

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Policy Statements Congressional Fellowship Testimony and Correspondence Advocacy ... Be aware of risk factors. Know your family history. Make sure your doctor knows about any history ...

  15. 37 CFR 205.1 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... letters, deposits, recordations, registrations, publications, or other material submitted in connection... Copyright Office. Official business means the authorized business of the Copyright Office. Testimony means a...

  16. Anatomy of a Cancer Treatment Scam

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Public Audit Filings Rotational Health Warnings Webb-Pomerene Act Filings Studies Remedy Study Testimony Public Comments Advanced Comment Search Policy Statements International International ...

  17. Surgery on Fetus Reduces Complications of Spina Bifida

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Organization Organization chart, offices, divisions, centers, branches & labs Budget & Appropriations State, district funding, budget justification & Director’s testimony ...

  18. Blood Clotting and Pregnancy

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Advocacy In This Section Action Alerts Advocacy Toolkit Policy News Advocacy Leadership Institute Policy Statements Congressional Fellowship Testimony and Correspondence Addressing Sickle ...

  19. Blood Clotting and Pregnancy

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Resources for continuing medical education (CME) and recertification Educational Programs Programs to enhance knowledge, research, ... Statements Congressional Fellowship Testimony and Correspondence ...

  20. How Loud Is Too Loud?

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Training Funding Opportunities Institutional Research Training Programs More Training Resources ... Structure and Staff Job Opportunities Congressional Testimony and the NIDCD Budget Advisory ...

  1. Ideas and Inspirations: Good News about Diabetes Prevention and Management in Indian Country

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Career Paths Current Vacancies Health Professions Indian Health Careers Indian Preference Loan Repayment Student Opportunities Contact a Recruiter Newsroom Announcements Congressional Testimony ...

  2. Understanding Cancer Prognosis

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Plan & Budget Proposal Congressional Justification NCI Budget Fact Book Legislative Activities Hearings & Testimonies Current Congress Legislative History Committees of Interest Legislative Resources Recent Public Laws ...

  3. Anatomy of a Cancer Treatment Scam

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... FTC Testimonials News & Events Press Releases Commission Actions Media Resources Consumer Finance Mergers and Competition Mobile Technology The Do Not Call Registry Tools for Consumers ...

  4. Invisible Wounds of War: Quantifying the Societal Costs of Psychological and Cognitive Injuries

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Eibner, Christine

    2008-01-01

    My testimony will discuss the costs and consequences of PTSD, depression, and TBI among servicemembers returning from Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom, as well as several recommendations...

  5. Biography versus Fiction or the Value of Testimony in Jacobs’s and Stowe’s Narratives about Slavery (Autobiographie contre fiction ou la valeur du témoignage dans les récits d’esclavages de Jacobs et de Stowe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne Garrait-Bourrier

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Cette étude comparée a pour projet de souligner les différences culturelles qui existent entre deux genres littéraires de la période antebellum : les récits d’esclaves et la fiction abolitionniste. Via l’approche d’extraits de textes tirés de l’autobiographie d’Harriet Jacobs Incidents in the Life of A Slave Girl, écrite sous le pseudonyme de Linda Brent et du roman de Harriet Beecher-Stowe Uncle Tom’s Cabin, nous soulignerons le témoignage historique commun qui ressort de ces deux textes. Bien que d’essence et de sources différentes, ces deux récits – celui de l’ancienne esclave et celui de l’intellectuelle blanche – offrent une image authentique de l’histoire américaine d’avant guerre civile essentielle et dénoncent le même fléau: l’esclavage.

  6. Hearing on Revenue Provision in President's Fiscal Year 2000 Budget. Testimony before the House Committee on Ways and Means. Statement of Rene Bouchard, District Superintendent, Steuben-Allegany Counties, and Chief Executive Officer, Steuben-Allegany Board of Cooperative Educational Services, Bath, New York on Behalf of National Rural Education Association.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bouchard, Rene

    In an address to the House Ways and Means Committee on the Revenue Provision in the Year 2000 Budget, Rene Bouchard, CEO of Steuben-Allegany Board of Cooperative Educational Services, discusses the needs of rural schools and how the President's school modernization proposal would help them. Bouchard argues the need for federal assistance to school…

  7. "Cuadernos de fotografía" (1972–1974, una propuesta editorial para la difusión de una fotografía clásica y testimonial en el contexto y debate fotográfico español de los setenta = "Cuadernos de Fotografía" (1972–1974, a publishing proposal for the...

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mónica Carabias Álvaro

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Para aproximarnos correctamente al contexto fotográfico español de los años setenta, resulta conveniente conocer el carácter de las distintas publicaciones especializadas que inauguran la nueva década. La primera en aparecer fue Nueva Lente (1971-1983. Esta ha sido objeto de atención y estudio por parte de la crítica que, la ha considerado de forma unánime transgresora e impulsora de la fotografía de creación de aquellos años. Apenas un año después aparece Cuadernos de Fotografía (1972-1974, dirigida y publicada en Madrid por el fotógrafo Fernando Gordillo. Su carácter personalista y restringido sumado a su corta vida han contribuido, sin duda alguna, a que haya permanecido en el olvido historiográfico bajo el epígrafe generalista de “académica”. Partiendo de una primera exposición y análisis de sus objetivos, contenido y autores este artículo ahonda en sus particularidades y aportaciones al debate fotográfico de los 70: el valor de la concursística y el reclamo de la libertad total para la fotografía.To approach properly Spain’s photographic context of the ’70s, it is best to learn about those specialized publications that inaugurate the new decade. The first one was Nueva Lente (1971–1983, a magazine duly noticed and studied by critics, who consider it unanimously a transgressive and enabling agent of creative photography in the ’70’s. Barely a year later, Cuadernos de fotografía (1972–74 was published in Madrid under the direction of photographer Fernando Gordillo. Its personalist character, limited distribution, and short life, have contributed, no doubt, to its scant historiographic attention, obscured as it is under the general label of ‘academic’. This article delves into its peculiar traits and its contributions to the ’70s photographic debate, by listing and analysing for the first time its goals, contents, and contributors: namely, the value of photographic contests, and the claim of total freedom for photography.

  8. Influenza Pandemic: Continued Focus on the Nation's Planning and Preparedness Efforts Remains Essential. Testimony before the Ad Hoc Subcommittee on State, Local, and Private Sector Preparedness and Integration, Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs. GAO-09-760T

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steinhardt, Bernice

    2009-01-01

    As the recent outbreak of the H1N1 (swine flu) virus underscores, an influenza pandemic remains a real threat to our nation and to the world. Over the past 3 years, the US Government Accountability Office (GAO) has conducted a body of work to help the nation better prepare for a possible pandemic. In a February 2009 report, GAO synthesized the…

  9. Congressional Testimony: A Look at the Audit Response of the Office of Inspector General, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency to the Beale InvestigationStatement of Bill A. Roderick Acting Inspector General U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Office of

    Science.gov (United States)

    Statement of Bill A. Roderick Acting Inspector General U.S. EPA Office of Inspector General Before the Subcommittee on Water Resources and Environment Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure U.S. House of Representatives

  10. Vaccines for Children: Critical Issues in Design and Implementation. Report to Congressional Requesters [and] Vaccines for Children: Major Implementation Hurdles Remain. Testimony of Kwai-Cheung Chan, before the Subcommittee on Labor, Health, Human Services, and Education, Committee on Appropriations, United States Senate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Program Evaluation and Methodology Div.

    In response to congressional request, this report provides information on the implementation plans developed by the Center for Disease Control (CDC) for the Vaccines for Children (VFC) Program. Introductory material indicates that the VFC was created to increase vaccine coverage levels nationwide by creating an entitlement to free vaccine for…

  11. A baixa procura pela licenciatura em física, com base em depoimentos de estudantes do ensino médio público do oeste catarinense The shortage of physic's teachers in Brazil: origins of the decreasing search for a degree course in Physics from the students' testimony of the public secondary education in the Western inhabitant of Santa Catarina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mércio José Lunkes

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available O artigo contextualiza a carência de professores de nível médio, especialmente de Física, e apresenta resultados de uma pesquisa com estudantes do Ensino Médio público do Oeste catarinense, sobre expectativas e críticas em relação à carreira do magistério em Física. Foram investigados, em 2007, 157 alunos de 1ª série, e, em 2009, 132 alunos remanescentes, então na 3ª série. Da análise dos dados colhidos, identificou-se que os estudantes entram no Ensino Médio sem expectativas elevadas, mas com gosto pelo ensino de ciências, e saem dele com baixo interesse pela carreira docente em Física, impressionados pela ênfase da formulação matemática, a pouca aplicação cotidiana dos conteúdos estudados e a baixa valorização social do magistério. Foram identificados eventos escolares típicos, que ocorreram durante o Ensino Médio dos estudantes investigados, parcial ou totalmente responsáveis pela modificação de atitude dos estudantes, culminando na rejeição pela carreira do magistério em Física.The subject of this article is the high school level Physics teacher shortage, and research into students of public schools in Santa Catarina state, on the expectations and criticism of the professional choice of teaching in Physics. This research investigated, in 2007, 157 pupils of the 1st series, and, in 2009, 132 of the same pupils, then in the 3rd series. The analysis identified that students join secondary education without elevated expectations but appreciating Physics, and they conclude their courses with a low interest in teaching, negative impressions of the emphasis on mathematical formulation, poor daily life application of the contents studied and the low social value of the teaching. We identified a series of typical school events, which took place during the secondary education of the investigated students, which were responsible for the modification of attitude of the students, culminating on the rejection for a professional career in teaching in Physics.

  12. Hurricane Katrina: Barriers to Mental Health Services for Children Persist in Greater New Orleans, Although Federal Grants Are Helping to Address Them. Testimony before the Ad Hoc Subcommittee on Disaster Recovery, Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs. GAO-09-935T

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bascetta, Cynthia A.

    2009-01-01

    The greater New Orleans area has yet to fully recover from the effects of Hurricane Katrina, which made landfall on August 29, 2005. One issue of concern in the recovery is the availability of mental health services for children. It is estimated that in 2008 about 187,000 children were living in the greater New Orleans area. Many children in the…

  13. Gestion de crise et aide internationale après le séisme du 12 janvier à Port-au-Prince Haïti, toujours dans l’urgence ! (Témoignage Crisis Management and International Aid after Earthquake of January 12 in Port-au-Prince Haiti, always in a Hurry! (Testimony

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Philippe Pierre

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Dans le cadre de l’intervention qui a été déclenchée pour venir en aide aux sinistrés du tremblement de terre en Haïti le 12 janvier dernier, la France a envoyé des moyens importants. Le déploiement de ces moyens comme celui de ceux envoyés par le reste de la communauté internationale s’est déroulé sur un territoire ravagé. En plus des difficultés liées aux destructions, il a été relativement difficile d’avoir une vision globale de la situation. L’absence quasi totale de moyens de communication sur place et l’interprétation faite par certains médias internationaux, d’évènements anodins ont également contribué à compliquer cette situation.  Aujourd’hui, on énumère les actions et les projets mais qu’en est-il de la situation sur le terrain ?As part of the intervention was triggered to help victims of earthquake in Haiti on January 12 this year, France sent substantial resources. The deployment of these resources such as those sent by the rest of the international community took place on a ravaged territory. In addition to difficulties related to destruction, it was relatively difficult to obtain an overview of the situation. The almost total absence of means of communication on site and the interpretation made by some international media, benign events also helped to complicate the situation. Today, it lists the actions and projects, but what about the situation on the ground?

  14. Hispanic Children and Their Families: A Key to Our Nation's Future = Los Ninos Latinos y Sus Familias: La Llave al Futuro de Nuestro Pais. Hearing before the Select Committee on Children, Youth, and Families. House of Representatives, One Hundred First Congress, First Session.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Select Committee on Children, Youth, and Families.

    This document comprises testimony presented at a hearing on Hispanic children and their families. Nine witnesses included educators, social scientists, community leaders, and elected officials from Hispanic communities. The following testimony was presented: (1) reports citing the growing Hispanic dropout rate and declining economic progress…

  15. 22 CFR 504.5 - Factors the BBG will consider.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Factors the BBG will consider. 504.5 Section 504.5 Foreign Relations BROADCASTING BOARD OF GOVERNORS TESTIMONY BY BBG EMPLOYEES, PRODUCTION OF... Testimony and Production of Documents § 504.5 Factors the BBG will consider. The General Counsel, in his or...

  16. 5 CFR 2608.202 - Factors OGE will consider.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Factors OGE will consider. 2608.202... PROCEEDINGS Requests for Testimony and Production of Documents § 2608.202 Factors OGE will consider. The... request will interfere with the ability of OGE employees to do their work; (e) Allowing such testimony or...

  17. Implementation of the Job Training Partnership Act. Hearings before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives, Ninety-Eighth Congress, First Session (July 12, 14, and August 2, 1983).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Congress of the U. S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Operations.

    These Congressional hearings contain testimony dealing with the Job Training Partnership Act (JTPA). Included among those persons providing testimony at the hearings were representatives of the following agencies and organizations: the National Governors' Association, the Department of Labor, the Office of Management and Budget, the National…

  18. Teenage Suicide. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Juvenile Justice of the Committee on the Judiciary. United States Senate, Ninety-Eighth Congress, Second Session on Oversight on the Factors That May Lead to Teenage Suicide, and What May Be Done to Prevent That Tragedy (October 3, 1984).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Committee on the Judiciary.

    This document contains transcripts of witness testimony and prepared statements from the Congressional hearing called to examine the issue of teenage suicide. Testimony is focused on the factors that may lead to teenage suicide, what might be done to prevent these deaths, what the federal government is currently doing in this area, and what action…

  19. Homeless and Unemployed Veterans. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Education, Training and Employment of the Committee on Veterans' Affairs. House of Representatives, Ninety-Ninth Congress, Second Session.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Veterans' Affairs.

    This congressional report contains the testimony that was presented at a hearing to examine the needs of homeless and unemployed veterans. Testimony was provided by representatives of the following agencies and organizations: the Vietnam Veterans Ensemble; the National Coalition for the Homeless; the various Veterans' Administration (VA)…

  20. On the Razor’s Edge: Establishing Indistinct Thresholds for Military Power in Cyberspace

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-23

    knew it in 1994 with dial-up access to the Internet is certainly not the cyberspace of 2012 with e-commerce, the Cloud , and Facebook. Additionally...justice.gov/criminal/pr/testimony/2011/ crm -testimony-111101.html, accessed 04 April 2012. 14 Barack Obama, International Strategy for Cyberspace: Prosperity

  1. Breaking the School-to-Prison Pipeline for Students with Disabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Council on Disability, 2015

    2015-01-01

    In conjunction with its fall quarterly meeting, NCD convened a stakeholder forum in Atlanta in October 2014 to receive testimony on the role of special education in the School-to-Prison Pipeline. The findings and recommendations in this report are based upon the culmination of that testimony, interviews with experts, and review of available…

  2. Excellence in Minority Health Education and Care Act. Hearing on H.R. 954, A Bill to Amend the Public Health Service Act to Authorize Assistance for Centers for Minority Medical Education, Minority Pharmacy Education, Minority Veterinary Medicine Education, and Minority Dentistry Education, before the Subcommittee on Health and the Environment of the Committee on Energy and Commerce, House of Representatives, One Hundredth Congress, First Session.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Energy and Commerce.

    This document comprises testimony and materials presented at a hearing on H.R. 954, a bill which would provide assistance for centers for minority education in medicine, pharmacy, veterinary medicine, and dentistry. The following individuals presented testimony: (1) Lindy Boggs, a Representative from Louisiana; (2) William Hill Boner, a…

  3. The Development of Children's Information Gathering: To Look or to Ask?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fitneva, Stanka A.; Lam, Nietzsche H. L.; Dunfield, Kristen A.

    2013-01-01

    The testimony of others and direct experience play a major role in the development of children's knowledge. Children actively use questions to seek others' testimony and explore the environment. It is unclear though whether children distinguish when it is better to ask from when it is better to try to find an answer by oneself. In 2 experiments,…

  4. Revelaciones: los textos fotográficos de Elena Poniatowska

    OpenAIRE

    Camacho de Schmidt, Aurora

    2008-01-01

    Indagación en la simbiosis entre palabra y fotografía en la obra de Elena Poniatowska, como integración de la imagen en la literatura testimonial. A look at the symbiosis of the word and photography in the works of Elena Poniatowska as the integration of the image in testimonial literature.

  5. 19 CFR 210.28 - Depositions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... particular class or group to which he belongs. A notice may provide for the taking of testimony by telephone... materials to be produced as set forth in the subpoena shall be attached to or included in the notice. (d... in the interest of justice and with due regard to the importance of presenting the oral testimony of...

  6. Parity for Minorities in the Media. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Telecommunications, Consumer Protection, and Finance of the Committee on Energy and Commerce. House of Representatives, Ninety-Eighth Congress, First Session on H.R. 1155. A Bill to Amend the Communications Act of 1934 to Provide for Greater Participation of Minorities in Telecommunications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Energy and Commerce.

    This transcript of a hearing on minority participation in telecommunications includes the text of the bill, H.R. 155; a summary of the bill from the Congressional Record; and testimony and statements from both individuals and representatives of several organizations. Testimony was presented by: (1) Karen English, Chicago, Illinois; (2) Janice…

  7. 75 FR 64390 - North American Free Trade Agreement; Invitation for Applications for Inclusion on the Chapter 19...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-19

    ... interests and affiliations, including information regarding the identity of clients of the roster member and... list and copies of publications, testimony, and speeches, if any, concerning AD/CVD law. Judges or former judges should list relevant judicial decisions. Only one copy of publications, testimony, speeches...

  8. Social/Behavioral Effects of Violence on Television. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Telecommunications, Consumer Protection, and Finance of the Committee on Energy and Commerce. House of Representatives, Ninety-Seventh Congress, First Session (October 21, 1981).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Energy and Commerce.

    This subcommittee hearing report presents testimony of television network officials, academic researchers, and consumer representatives concerning the social and behavioral effects of portrayed violence on television, especially as it relates to children. It also provides documents used as attachments to the oral testimony and written statements…

  9. A Hearing on Media Violence before the Subcommittee on Juvenile Justice, Committee on the Judiciary, United States Senate (October 25, 1984).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Committee on the Judiciary.

    Included in this hearing is the testimony of researchers from governmental agencies and media organizations, representatives of scientific associations, scholars, early childhood educators, and television personalities concerning the effects of televised violence on the behavior of children, adolescents, and adults. Specifically, testimony focuses…

  10. To Tell The Truth. FPG Snapshot. Number 56. November 2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    FPG Child Development Institute, 2008

    2008-01-01

    What happens when a defendant's guilt or innocence hinges solely on a child's testimony? Defendants argue that children's memories are too unreliable to be the basis for a verdict. Child rights advocates counter that since child sex abuse is rarely witnessed and frequently leaves no physical evidence that victim testimony is vital.…

  11. 'Now strangers walk in that place': Antjie Krog, Modernity, and the ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Antjie Krog's treatment of testimonies from the Bleek and Lloyd Collection of /Xam (San) testimonies, the stars say 'tsau', belongs to a stream of such 'versions', beginning with Laurens van der Post and Eugène Marais and running through to modern poets, including Stephen Watson and Alan James. This article explores ...

  12. Elderly: Alcohol and Drugs. Hearing before the Select Committee on Aging. House of Representatives, Ninety-Eighth Congress, First Session (Port Richey, Fla.)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Select Committee on Aging.

    This document contains prepared statements and witness testimony from the Congressional hearing on the elderly and alcohol and drug use. Opening statements are given by Committe on Aging representatives Edward Roybal and Michael Bilirakis. Witness testimony is given by representatives of the University of South Florida Gerontology Center; the…

  13. 19 CFR 163.7 - Summons.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... summons is prima facie evidence of the facts it states. (d) Transcript of testimony under oath. Testimony... 19 Customs Duties 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Summons. 163.7 Section 163.7 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED...

  14. Parental Kidnaping. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Juvenile Justice of the Committee on the Judiciary. United States Senate, Ninety-Eighth Congress, First Session to Examine Available and Proposed Means to Resolve the Cases of Interstate and International Parental Kidnaping. Serial No. J-98-43.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Committee on the Judiciary.

    This document contains public testimony, prepared statements, and letters from the Congressional hearing on parental kidnaping. Following an opening statement by the committee chairman, Senator Arlen Specter, public testimony is given by representatives of the Criminal Division of the Department of Justice, the Criminal Investigative Division of…

  15. Molests in Daycare Environments: A Response.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rubin, David M.

    1994-01-01

    Discusses potential reasons for successful prosecutions in the Little Rascals Day Care Center case (Edenton, NC), most notably how little time elapsed between the testimony of the children and the decision of the jury. Other cases around the country have not been successfully prosecuted, perhaps because of the victim testimony timing. (JPS)

  16. 44 CFR 5.83 - Authority to accept service of subpoenas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... production of records held by FEMA Regional offices or for the oral or written testimony of FEMA Regional... AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GENERAL PRODUCTION OR DISCLOSURE OF INFORMATION Subpoenas or Other Legal Demands for Testimony or the Production or Disclosure of Records or Other Information § 5.83...

  17. 38 CFR 14.804 - Factors to consider.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... otherwise inappropriate under the applicable court or administrative rules; (e) Whether the testimony or... order, regulation or directive. (Where the production of a record or testimony as to the content of a... confidential commercial or financial information or otherwise be inappropriate under the circumstances. (i...

  18. Strategies to Reduce Hunger in America. Hearing before the Committee on Labor and Human Resources. United States Senate, Ninety-ninth Congress, Second Session on Oversight on Strategies to Reduce Hunger in America.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Committee on Labor and Human Resources.

    This document is a transcript of testimony given to the Senate Committee on Labor and Human Resources. Strategies to reduce hunger in America are described and analyzed in the wake of proposed legislation, the Hunger Relief Act of 1986. Testimony is given on the following topics: (1) the Food Stamp Program; (2) supplemental food programs; (3)…

  19. 12 CFR 602.18 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Definitions. 602.18 Section 602.18 Banks and Banking FARM CREDIT ADMINISTRATION ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS RELEASING INFORMATION Testimony and... for testimony or documents. Direct costs means FCA's costs to search for, review, and reproduce...

  20. Le molte facce della guerra in Iraq

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Chemi, Tatiana

    2003-01-01

    A performance by the Organic Theatre Group on the dirty war in Iraq. Pacifism and information are the main ingredients of this charming and moving testimony.......A performance by the Organic Theatre Group on the dirty war in Iraq. Pacifism and information are the main ingredients of this charming and moving testimony....

  1. 78 FR 11632 - Sunshine Act Meeting Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-19

    ... 6:30 p.m. instead of 7:00 p.m.; (3) the topic of safety culture at the Pantex Plant in Session I will also include testimony from the Department of Energy, Office of Health, Safety and Security, in addition to testimony from the National Nuclear Security Administration and its contractor organization...

  2. [The persuasive effects according to types of exercise promotion advertisements for obesity prevention in elementary school students].

    Science.gov (United States)

    An, Gyeong Ju; Choe, Myoung-Ae; Kim, Byoung Hee

    2005-08-01

    This study was to identify the persuasive effects of exercise promotion advertisements for obesity prevention according to the source types(ordinary people, experts, celebrity endorsers) and advertising message types(slices of life, testimonials). Gender, height, body weight, BMI, attitude toward obesity(Aob) and exercise(Aex), and intention to exercise(Iex) were collected from 626 elementary school students in a pretest. After 2 months, six advertisements type attached to a questionnaire were provided for 20 minutes and then Aob, Aex, Iex, source credibility and attitude toward advertisements(Aad) were collected in posttest. 1) In posttest the Iex of 6 the groups increased significantly compared with that of the pretest, 2) Source credibility of the Ordinary+Testimonial group was lower than the Celebrity+Testimonial, Celebrity+Slice of life, Ordinary+Slice of life, and Expert+Testimonial groups. Aad of the Celebrity+Testimonial group was higher than the Ordinary+ Testimonial group. 3) The Main effect and interaction effect of source types and advertising message types were significant in source credibility and Aad. Persuasive effects of exercise promotion advertisements in elementary school students was found to be the most effective in Celebrity+Testimonial. This study suggests that selection of health education advertisements according to demographic characteristics is important to promote persuasive effects.

  3. Potential environmental effects of 765-kV transmission lines: views before the New York State Public Service Commission, Cases 26529 and 26559, 1976-1978

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Scott-Walton, B.; Clark, K. M.; Holt, B. R.; Jones, D. C.; Kaplan, S. D.; Krebs, J. S.; Polson, P.; Shepherd, R. A.; Young, J. R.

    1979-11-01

    Testimony given before the New York Public Service Commission in two recent cases on the potential environmental effects of 765-kV overhead ac transmission lines is reviewed. The testimony focused on the potential effects of audible noise, on the potential biological effects of the electromagnetic fields, on the potential for electric shocks to people who touch vehicles parked under the proposed lines, on the potential effects of the electromagnetic fields on electronic cardiac pacemakers, and on potential effects of ozone produced by corona discharge from the lines. The testimony fully explored these questions; however, it did not resolve all of them. The testimony indicates potential impacts from the audible noise and from the electrostatic shocks that people can receive when they touch a large vehicle parked under the lines. The testimony also indicates that certain cardiac pacemaker and lead combinations may, under certain circumstances, undergo reversion to a fixed rate of pacing in the presence of the fields under the lines, but that little risk to cardiac patients results except possibly for those patients for whom competition between the heart's own rate and the pacemaker rate presents a health risk. The testimony fails to demonstrate biological hazards from the field; further research is necessary to understand better the effects of the fields on biological systems. The testimony indicates that ozone produced by the lines will not significantly affect the environment.

  4. Potential Effectiveness of Pictorial Warning Labels That Feature the Images and Personal Details of Real People.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brennan, Emily; Maloney, Erin K; Ophir, Yotam; Cappella, Joseph N

    2017-10-01

    Pictorial warning labels (PWL) that use photographs and the personal details of real people whose health has been affected by smoking (testimonial PWL) provide factual information about the consequences of tobacco use. Nine hundred and twenty-four adult current smokers participated in an online experiment that tested responses to four types of warning labels: (1) non-testimonial text warning labels (currently on packs in the United States); (2) non-testimonial PWL (previously proposed by the United States Food and Drug Administration); (3) image only testimonial PWL (created for study); (4) image + personal details testimonial PWL (created for study). Participants were randomly assigned to condition and then exposed to up to five warning labels addressing different health effects. Differences between conditions were assessed using emotional responses and a set of intention measures immediately following exposure, and self-reported behavior change at 5-week follow-up. Compared to the non-testimonial text warning labels, all PWL elicited stronger emotional responses and intentions to forgo cigarettes and avoid the warning labels. Non-testimonial PWL and image + personal details testimonial PWL elicited stronger intentions to quit, whereas image only testimonial PWL generated a greater amount of quitting activity in the weeks following exposure. There were no significant differences in responses when comparing the non-testimonial PWL with both types of testimonial PWL. PWL that use images of real people convey factual information about the health effects of tobacco use. These testimonial PWL may be a promising alternative to the images previously proposed for use on PWL in the United States. In the United States, the PWL developed by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 2011 were found by the courts to be unconstitutional, in part because they were deemed to present an opinion rather than fact. Findings from this experimental study indicate that PWL that use the

  5. An examination of the causes and solutions to eyewitness error.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wise, Richard A; Sartori, Giuseppe; Magnussen, Svein; Safer, Martin A

    2014-01-01

    Eyewitness error is one of the leading causes of wrongful convictions. In fact, the American Psychological Association estimates that one in three eyewitnesses make an erroneous identification. In this review, we look briefly at some of the causes of eyewitness error. We examine what jurors, judges, attorneys, law officers, and experts from various countries know about eyewitness testimony and memory, and if they have the requisite knowledge and skills to accurately assess eyewitness testimony. We evaluate whether legal safeguards such as voir dire, motion-to-suppress an identification, cross-examination, jury instructions, and eyewitness expert testimony are effective in identifying eyewitness errors. Lastly, we discuss solutions to eyewitness error.

  6. The testimonal rhetoric in narratives from Trip, TPM and Rolling Stone

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruno Souza Leal

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available This article analyzes stories from the magazines Trip, TPM and Rolling Stone in order to reflect about the testimonial dimension of first-person journalistic narratives. Recovering studies on the testimony in History, especially those related to the survivors of World War II, and also in Social Communication, the article ponders that, in general, the first-person narrative does not always constitute journalistic experiences by the same ways. Thus, it is observed the setting of a “testimonial rhetoric” on different forms, i.e., the search for a co-presence effect, essential for the authentication of the reports, the narrator and the presented events.

  7. Dolce Vita meetings with gas professionals: second meeting; les rendez-vous Dolce Vita avec la filiere: deuxieme rencontre

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-07-01

    Cegibat, the information-recommendation agency of Gaz de France for building engineering professionals, has organized this second conference about the Dolce Vita products and services offer, created by Gaz de France for the residential sector with the aim to promote the use of natural gas for a better comfort and lower energy consumptions. This second meeting makes a first status of the implementation of the Dolce Vita offer: qualitative and quantitative status, communication and marketing tools, two testimonies in individual houses, two testimonies in social buildings, two testimonies of private property developers, synthesis and perspectives. (J.S.)

  8. Miraculous Meaning: Threatened Meaning Increases Belief in Miracles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Routledge, Clay; Roylance, Christina; Abeyta, Andrew A

    2017-06-01

    For many, religious belief is a source of meaning and a resource for coping with life stressors that have the potential to undercut meaning. In the present study, we sought to further probe the connection between religion and meaning by focusing on the potential for threatened meaning to inspire belief in miraculous testimonials. We threatened meaning with a meaninglessness manipulation and then had participants read testimonials in which people described miraculous experiences involving supernatural agents and rate the extent to which they believed these testimonials to be credible and true. Meaning threat, relative to a control condition, increased belief in miraculous stories.

  9. La prueba pericial y su valoración en el proceso penal colombiano, hacia un régimen procesal holístico 1/The expert testimony and its assessment in the colombian criminal procedure, toward a holistic procedural regime/La preuve d'expert et son appréciation dans la procédure pénale colombienne, vers un régime procédural holistique

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Luis Bernardo Ruiz Jaramillo

    2015-01-01

    .... It is concluded that the assessment should not be limited to a judge's soliloquy with its reduced knowledge of life, but rather he requires a previous experiment in the procedural context in which...

  10. Stoïcisme et jugement littéraire au Ier siècle avant J.-C. : le témoignage de Denys d’Halicarnasse Stoicism and Literary Judgment in the First Century BC : the Testimony of Dionysius of Halicarnassus Stoicismo e critica letteraria del I sec. a.C.:  la testimonianza di Dionigi di Alicarnasso

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mélina Lévy-Makinson

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Intégré au cercle des Aelii Tuberones, famille romaine d’obédience stoïcienne, l’historien et rhéteur Denys d’Halicarnasse était familier des théories du Portique : de fait, les théories stoïciennes sur le langage constituaient un intérêt certain pour les recherches stylistiques de Denys, comme en témoignent ses Opuscules Rhétoriques. D’autre part, sa réflexion reflète des enjeux importants du débat littéraire du Ier siècle avant J.-C. à Rome. Atticiste convaincu, Denys rédige ainsi deux traités (Sur Thucydide et la Seconde lettre à Ammée en réaction contre les admirateurs stoïciens de l’auteur de la Guerre du Péloponnèse. Notre auteur développe pour sa part un « atticisme stoïcisant » qui s’adosse à une conception de l’Empire réconciliant Grecs et Romains.Integrated into the circle of the Aelii Tuberones, a Roman family of Stoic inclinations, the historian and rhetorician Dionysius of Halicarnassus was very familiar with theories of Stoicism : in fact, the Stoic theories about language were of high interest for Dionysus’ stylistic research, as his Rhetorical Works demonstrate. Moreover, his thinking reflects important issues of literary debate of first century BC in Rome. As an earnest atticist writer, Dionysius wrote two treatises (On Thucydides and the Second Letter to Ammeus in reaction to the Stoic admirers of the author of the Peloponnesian War. Our author develops for his part a “directed to Stoicism atticism” that leans on a conception of reconciling Greeks and Romans in the Empire.Membro del circolo degli Aelii Tuberones, famiglia romana d’obbedienza stoica, lo storico e retore Dionigi di Alicarnasso aveva dimestichezza con le teorie della Stoa: le teorie stoiche sul linguaggio costituivano, infatti, un sicuro interesse per le indagini sullo stile di Dionigi, come testimoniato dai suoi Opuscoli retorici. D’altro canto, la sua riflessione riflette importanti sfide del dibattito letterario del I sec. a.C. a Roma. Convinto atticista, Dionigi redige due trattati (Su Tucicide e la Seconda lettera ad Ammeo in risposta agli ammiratori stoici dell’autore della Guerra del Peloponneso. Il nostro autore sviluppa da parte sua un ‘atticismo stoicizzante’ che poggia su una concezione dell’impero che riconcilia Greci e Romani.

  11. Velocity: Speed with Direction. The Professional Career of Gen Jerome F. O'Malley

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Casey, Aloysius G; Casey, Patrick A

    2007-01-01

    .... During a meticulous review of the conduct of every member of the command structure in Vietnam, as well as a careful examination of congressional testimony, Patrick developed the view that senior...

  12. Blood Clotting and Pregnancy

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Research In This Section Agenda for Hematology Research Sickle Cell Priorities Lymphoma Roadmap Moonshot Initiative Research Programs and ... Policy Statements Congressional Fellowship Testimony and Correspondence Addressing Sickle Cell Disease View all Support Medical Research Urge your ...

  13. Anatomy of a Cancer Treatment Scam

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... the FTC Apply to the FTC Testimonials News & Events Press Releases Commission Actions Media Resources Consumer Finance ... Identity Theft and Data Security Military Consumer Protection Events Calendar All Events Weekly Calendar Weekly Calendar Archive ...

  14. The Popular Policeman and Other Cases

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wagenaar, Willem Albert; Crombag, Hans

    2005-01-01

    In this compelling title, two distinguished scholars share their experiences as expert witnesses in cases ranging from eyewitness testimony, person identification and recovered memories, to false confessions, collaborative storytelling and causal attribution, in the context of various interrogation

  15. Altering Courses in Unknown Waters: Interaction between Traditional and New Media during the first Months of the Syrian Uprising

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Lorenzo Trombetta

    2012-01-01

    .... Thanks to direct testimony made available to the author by various cyber activists inside and outside Syria and through constant monitoring of the official propaganda and the coverage of the Syrian...

  16. What is Asthma?

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Lung Association 104 COPD Awareness Month: Connecting with Social Support American Lung Association 105 Ohio Cares about ... Begley Testimonial American Lung Association 172 Stair Climb Travel Team - Miami, Florida American Lung Association 173 State ...

  17. Blood Clotting and Pregnancy

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Resources to help practitioners improve patient care Professional Development Resources for continuing medical education (CME) and recertification ... Section Action Alerts Advocacy Toolkit Policy News Advocacy Leadership Institute Policy Statements Congressional Fellowship Testimony and Correspondence ...

  18. American College of Radiology Accredited Facility Search

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Presentations Resources Breast Imaging Resources CMS/MIPPA Resources Digital Mammography QC Manual Resources RaySafe Phantom Supertech Phantom Marketing Toolkit Accredited Facility Showcase Testimonials Validation Site Survey ...

  19. La memoria storica nelle voci degli sconfitti: “Los girasoles ciegos” di Alberto Méndez

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Giovanni Darconza

    2012-01-01

    ...’ Los girasoles ciegos (2004) probably represents one of the most interesting examples of recovery of historical memory through the traumatic testimony of several protagonists of the vanquished Republican party. Méndez...

  20. Blood Clotting and Pregnancy

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Action Alerts Advocacy Toolkit Policy News Sickle Cell Disease Initiative Policy Statements Congressional Fellowship Testimony and Correspondence ... View all publications For Patients Blood Basics Blood Disorders Anemia Bleeding Disorders Blood Cancers Blood Clots Blood ...

  1. Information Security: Serious Weakness Put State Department and FAA Operations at Risk

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-05-19

    Testimony focuses on the results of recent reviews of computer security at the Department of State and the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA). Makes specific recommendations for improving State and FAA's information security posture. Highlights be...

  2. Values of The Cultural Revolution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, James C. F.

    1977-01-01

    Examines Chinese press editorials and testimonials from members of the People's Liberation Army in an attempt to determine the meaning of Mao Tse Tung's vision of a new socialist man and the societal value transformation process. (MH)

  3. Anatomy of a Cancer Treatment Scam

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Agreements Federal Register Notices Reports Studies Testimony Public Comments Policy Statements International Tips & Advice For Consumers For Military Consumers Business Center Competition Guidance I Would Like To... Submit a Consumer Complaint to the FTC ...

  4. Blood Clotting and Pregnancy

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... and webinars ASH Image Bank Educational Web-based library of hematologic imagery In This Section: Resources for ... Policy Statements Congressional Fellowship Testimony and Correspondence Advocacy Leadership Institute View all Support Medical Research Urge your ...

  5. Blood Clotting and Pregnancy

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... In This Section Agenda for Hematology Research Sickle Cell Priorities Lymphoma Roadmap Moonshot Initiative Research Programs and ... Statements Congressional Fellowship Testimony and Correspondence Addressing Sickle Cell Disease View all Support Medical Research Urge your ...

  6. 77 FR 26254 - Privacy Act of 1974; System of Records

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-03

    ..., or programs. Files may contain Reports of Investigation; testimony; rights waivers; letters; emails...; exhibits and photographs, record of interviews, witness statements, agent notes, confidential source... to electronic records is limited and controlled by password. Retention and disposal: Formal...

  7. PERFORMANCE AND ACCOUNTABILITY: Challenges Facing the Department of Transportation

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    2001-01-01

    ...). My testimony is based on reports we issued in January as part of GAO's performance and accountability series on major management challenges and program risks facing federal agencies and the federal...

  8. Anatomy of a Cancer Treatment Scam

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Office of the General Counsel Office of Policy Planning Regional Offices Office of Administrative Law Judges Office ... the FTC Apply to the FTC Testimonials News & Events Press Releases Commission Actions Media Resources Consumer Finance ...

  9. Maritime Piracy: Reasons, Dangers and Solutions

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Chalk, Peter

    2009-01-01

    This testimony aims to inform and put into context the current debate on piracy by providing an overview of the scope and contributing factors driving armed maritime violence in the contemporary era...

  10. Understanding Cancer Prognosis

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Proposal NCI Congressional Justification NCI Budget Fact Book Careers at NCI Visitor Information Legislative Activities Hearings & Testimonies ... Committees of Interest Legislative Resources Recent Public Laws Careers Visitor Information Search Search Home About Cancer Diagnosis ...

  11. Blood Clotting and Pregnancy

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Action Alerts Advocacy Toolkit Policy News Sickle Cell Disease Initiative Policy Statements Congressional Fellowship Testimony and Correspondence ... Meetings ASH Summit on Emerging Immunotherapies for Hematologic Diseases Examine preclinical and clinical factors influencing the effective ...

  12. Blood Clotting and Pregnancy

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... of Web links to patient groups and other organizations that provide information. back to top ASH Foundation ... Image Bank Advocacy Action Alerts Policy News Advocacy Leadership Institute Policy Statements Testimony & Correspondence Meetings ASH Annual ...

  13. Ideas and Inspirations: Good News about Diabetes Prevention and Management in Indian Country

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Recruiter Newsroom Announcements Congressional Testimony Contact Us Director's Speeches Fact Sheets IHS Blog Press Releases Reports to ... Information Disclaimer Download Plug-Ins EEO/No Fear Act FAQs Freedom of Information Act HIPAA Nondiscrimination Notice ...

  14. 77 FR 50110 - Medicare Program; Request for Nominations for Members for the Medicare Evidence Development...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-20

    ... representatives of professional associations or societies. We wish to ensure adequate representation of the... reviews and evaluates medical literature, technology assessments, and hears public testimony on the... Federal Official. The MEDCAC reviews and evaluates medical literature, technology assessments, and hears...

  15. 76 FR 71573 - Medicare Program; Request for Nominations for Members for the Medicare Evidence Development...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-18

    ... representatives of professional associations or societies. We wish to ensure adequate representation of the... reviews and evaluates medical literature, technology assessments, and hears public testimony on the... Official. The MEDCAC reviews and evaluates medical literature, technology assessments, and hears public...

  16. 78 FR 63986 - Medicare Program; Request for Nominations for Members for the Medicare Evidence Development...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-25

    ... representatives of professional associations or societies. We wish to ensure adequate representation of the... reviews and evaluates medical literature, technology assessments, and hears public testimony on the... Official. The MEDCAC reviews and evaluates medical literature, technology assessments, and hears public...

  17. 16 CFR 1502.36 - Official transcript.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... presiding officer will arrange for a verbatim stenographic transcript of oral testimony and for necessary.... Corrections are permitted only for transcription errors. The presiding officer shall promptly order justified...

  18. 15 CFR 785.12 - Hearings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ...-examination. (c) Testimony and record. (1) A verbatim record of the hearing and of any other oral proceedings... obtain a written copy of the transcript, that party shall pay the costs of transcription. The parties may...

  19. Anatomy of a Cancer Treatment Scam

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... at the FTC Apply to the FTC Testimonials News & Events Press Releases Commission Actions Media Resources Consumer Finance Mergers and Competition Mobile Technology The Do Not Call Registry Tools for Consumers ...

  20. Airway Clearance Techniques (ACTs)

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... resources you need to continuously build upon this work. Awards and Grants Career Development Awards Research Awards ... The Preserving Employee Wellness Programs Act Our Advocacy Work Advocacy Achievements Advocacy News Briefings, Testimonies, and Regulatory ...

  1. Blood Clotting and Pregnancy

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Testimony and Correspondence Advocacy Leadership Institute View all Support Medical Research Urge your members of Congress to support continued medical research funding Take Action Meetings ASH ...

  2. El traslado de familias de indios tlaxcaltecas hacia la región norte de la Nueva Galicia (Virreinato de Nueva España). Una política de colonización y pacificación del Imperio español de finales del siglo XVI

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    José Rojas Galván

    2016-01-01

    ... tlaxcaltecas families took the leading role. The method used en this research is the historical reconstruction, which give us elements to build up all the past events of the dierents sources vestiges and testimonies already analized...

  3. Blood Clots

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... a vein may detach from its point of origin and travel through the heart to the lungs ... Image Bank Advocacy Action Alerts Policy News Advocacy Leadership Institute Policy Statements Testimony & Correspondence Meetings ASH Annual ...

  4. Anatomy of a Cancer Treatment Scam

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Report Magnuson-Moss Warranty Public Audit Filings Rotational Health Warnings Webb-Pomerene Act Filings Studies Remedy Study Testimony Public Comments Advanced Comment Search Policy Statements International International Competition International Consumer Protection International ...

  5. Epidemiology in the courtroom: an evidence-based paradigm for the determination of causation in compensation environments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sinclair, Donald C

    2010-04-01

    Identify an evidence-based paradigm for the determination of causation of occupational injury and illness litigation. The Westlaw and LexisNexis databases were used to identify legal principles governing the admissibility of scientific evidence in legal proceedings. The Medline database was referenced to identify evidence-based methods for the determination of causation complying with legal precepts for the admissibility of scientific testimony. Expert witness testimony must be relevant and reliable. Testimony must be sufficiently based on reliable facts and data. Testimony must be the product of reliable principles or methods. The witness must have reliably applied the principles and methods to the facts of the case. Conscientious application of the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Guide for the Determination of Work-Relatedness of Disease, as adapted, comforts with legal prerequisites for the admissibility of scientific evidence in medicolegal proceedings.

  6. Understanding Cancer Prognosis

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Book Legislative Activities Hearings & Testimonies Current Congress Legislative History Committees of ... Oncologist Anthony L. Back, M.D., a national expert on doctor-patient communications, talks with one of his patients about what ...

  7. Blood Clotting and Pregnancy

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Congressional Fellowship Testimony and Correspondence Addressing Sickle Cell Disease View all Support Medical Research Urge your members ... Meetings ASH Summit on Emerging Immunotherapies for Hematologic Disease Examine preclinical and clinical factors influencing the effective ...

  8. 8 CFR 1280.14 - Record.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... for the interview or a reference to the order directing the interview; the medical certificate, if any... investigations conducted; documentary evidence and testimony adduced at the interview; the original of any...

  9. Understanding Cancer Prognosis

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Media Cancer Currents Blog About NCI NCI Overview History Contributing to Cancer Research Leadership Director's Page Deputy ... Information Legislative Activities Hearings & Testimonies Current Congress Legislative History Committees of Interest Legislative Resources Recent Public Laws ...

  10. La financiación por medio de acciones privilegiadas : una reflexión sobre su aplicación en algunas empresas ferroviarias españolas durante el siglo XX

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Miguel Ángel Villacorta Hernández

    2009-01-01

    Históricamente, las empresas ferroviarias españolas se financiaron por medio de empréstitos, en menor medida mediante acciones ordinarias y, de forma casi testimonial, con híbridos financieros. Esta...

  11. Airway Clearance Techniques (ACTs)

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Advocacy Achievements Advocacy News Briefings, Testimonies, and Regulatory Comments Congressional Cystic Fibrosis Caucus Our Policy Agenda Policy ... for airway clearance. Facebook Twitter Email More Related Content Medications Autogenic Drainage Positive Expiratory Pressure High-Frequency ...

  12. Airway Clearance Techniques (ACTs)

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    Full Text Available ... Advocacy Achievements Advocacy News Briefings, Testimonies, and Regulatory Comments Congressional Cystic Fibrosis Caucus Our Policy Agenda Policy ... a cure. Donate About Us About the Foundation Media Center Attendance Policy Our History Board of Trustees ...

  13. 32 CFR 9.6 - Conduct of the trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... physical safety of participants in Commission proceedings, including prospective witnesses; intelligence... means; however, the Commission shall consider the ability to test the veracity of that testimony in... prospective witnesses; (D) Information concerning intelligence and law enforcement sources, methods, or...

  14. Anatomy of a Cancer Treatment Scam

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Benefits at the FTC Diversity at the FTC Apply to the FTC Testimonials News & Events Press Releases ... To... Submit a Consumer Complaint to the FTC Apply for a Refund in an FTC Case Report ...

  15. Blood Clotting and Pregnancy

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... In This Section Agenda for Hematology Research Sickle Cell Priorities Lymphoma Roadmap Moonshot Initiative Research Programs and ... Section Action Alerts Advocacy Toolkit Policy News Sickle Cell Disease Initiative Policy Statements Congressional Fellowship Testimony and ...

  16. Intermarriage and Mixed Parenting, Promoting Mental Health and Wellbeing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Singla, Rashmi

    the reality of mixed marriage through intimate stories drawn from the lives of visibly different couples. The testimonies describe rich possibilities and bitter disappointments, offering lessons for services promoting mental health and wellbeing, and for improving psychosocial intervention. The book...

  17. Understanding Cancer Prognosis

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Book Careers at NCI Visitor Information Legislative Activities Hearings & Testimonies Current Congress Legislative History Committees of Interest ... Congressional Justification NCI Budget Fact Book Legislative Activities Hearings & ... Congress Legislative History Committees of Interest ...

  18. Anatomy of a Cancer Treatment Scam

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Merits Briefs Economic Liberty Military Task Force Advisory Opinions Cooperation Agreements Federal Register Notices Reports Policy Reports ... Sentinel Network Criminal Liaison Unit Policy Advocacy Advisory Opinions Cooperation Agreements Federal Register Notices Reports Studies Testimony ...

  19. How Loud Is Too Loud?

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Director Mission Strategic Plans NIDCD History and Milestones Organizational Structure and Staff Job Opportunities Congressional Testimony and ... 25, 2015 Languages Español Order free publications Find organizations Have a question? Information specialists can answer your ...

  20. Women and Military Leadership in Pharaonic Egypt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elizabeth D. Carney

    2006-02-01

    Full Text Available Literary and artistic testimonies imply that several Egyptian queens of the 17th and 18th Dynasties exercised military authority or were represented as doing so, a response to the military crises of the period.

  1. Anatomy of a Cancer Treatment Scam

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Scams October 4, 2017 Scam-O-Meter: Money Wiring: Family Emergency Scams August 23, 2017 Get FTC ... Cooperation Agreements Federal Register Notices Reports Studies Testimony Public Comments Policy Statements International Tips & Advice For Consumers ...

  2. Voice, dialogicality and identity construction in textual

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Kate H

    contrasting text types; namely Lonmin Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) reports and transcripts of verbal ... Keywords: Marikana, critical discourse analysis, neoliberalism, corporate social responsibility, oral testimonies, Van ...... Corporate Communications: An International Journal 15(3):249-262. Breeze, R. 2013.

  3. Science, environment and technology summit: A long term national science strategy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Trivelpiece, A.W.

    1995-06-01

    This document contains the text of the testimony given by Alvin W. Trivelpiece, Director, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, before the Subcommittee on Basic Research, Committee on Science, US House of Representatives in Oak Ridge, TN on June 1, 1995.

  4. Trivial persuasion in the courtroom: the power of (a few) minor details.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bell, B E; Loftus, E F

    1989-05-01

    Investigated the influence of trivial testimonial detail on judgments of 424 undergraduates who served as mock jurors. Ss read a summary of a court case involving robbery and murder. In Experiment 1, detailed testimony influenced judgments of guilt, even when the detail was unrelated to the culprit. In Experiment 2, detailed testimony was especially powerful when an opposing witness testified that she could not remember the trivial details. Subsequent analyses suggest that the impact of detailed testimony on guilt judgments is mediated by inferences about the eyewitnesses. When eyewitnesses provided more detail, they were generally judged to be more credible, to have a better memory for the culprit's face and for details, and to have paid more attention to the culprit.

  5. Ideas for Directors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Child Care Information Exchange, 1989

    1989-01-01

    Provides ideas for child care directors on such topics as: (1) increased productivity; (2) testimonial letters; (3) legal guidelines that prevent problems; (4) persuasion practices; (5) decision making; (6) common mistakes of nonprofit organizations; and (7) fundraising success stories. (RJC)

  6. 37 CFR 10.62 - Refusing employment when the interest of the practitioner may impair the practitioner's...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... financial, business, property, or personal interests. (b) A practitioner shall not accept employment in a... matter. (2) If the testimony will relate solely to a matter of formality and there is no reason to...

  7. Anatomy of a Cancer Treatment Scam

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... of Congressional Relations Office of Equal Employment and Workplace Inclusion Office of International Affairs Office of the ... Life at the FTC Benefits at the FTC Diversity at the FTC Apply to the FTC Testimonials ...

  8. Kumho, Daubert, and the nature of scientific inquiry: implications for forensic anthropology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grivas, Christopher R; Komar, Debra A

    2008-07-01

    In the last 15 years, the US Supreme Court has implemented major changes concerning the admittance of expert testimony. In 1993, Daubert v. Merrell Dow Pharmaceuticals superseded the Frye ruling in federal courts and established judges, not the scientific community, as the gatekeepers regarding the credibility of scientific evidence. In 1999, a lesser-known but equally important decision, Kumho Tire v. Carmichael, ruled that technical expert testimony needed to employ the same rigor as outlined in Daubert, but experts can develop theories based on observations and apply such theories to the case before the court. Anthropology has never been defined as a hard science. Yet, many recent publications have modified existing techniques to meet the Daubert criteria, while none have discussed the significance of Kumho to anthropological testimony. This paper examines the impact of Daubert and Kumho on forensic anthropology and illustrates areas of anthropological testimony best admitted under Kumho's guidance.

  9. Forensic Accounting and Auditing: Compared and Contrasted to Traditional Accounting and Auditing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gray, Dahli

    2008-01-01

    Forensic versus traditional accounting and auditing are compared and contrasted. Evidence gathering is detailed. Forensic science and fraud symptoms are explained. Criminalists, expert testimony and corporate governance are presented.

  10. Blood Clotting and Pregnancy

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Action Alerts Advocacy Toolkit Policy News Sickle Cell Disease Initiative Policy Statements Congressional Fellowship Testimony and Correspondence ... you are interested in learning more about blood diseases and disorders, here are a few other resources ...

  11. One Family's Struggles with Hepatitis B

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... publications schedules & records support statements vaccine initiative vaccine safety about bucking the herd dr. offit's testimony not vaccinating the abcs of mmr & dtp thimerosal vaccine safety q & a videos chickenpox (varicella) hepatitis b hib ...

  12. One Family's Struggle with Chickenpox

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... publications schedules & records support statements vaccine initiative vaccine safety about bucking the herd dr. offit's testimony not vaccinating the abcs of mmr & dtp thimerosal vaccine safety q & a videos chickenpox (varicella) hepatitis b hib ...

  13. One Family's Struggles with Rotavirus

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... publications schedules & records support statements vaccine initiative vaccine safety about bucking the herd dr. offit's testimony not vaccinating the abcs of mmr & dtp thimerosal vaccine safety q & a videos chickenpox (varicella) hepatitis b hib ...

  14. One Family's Struggles with HPV (Human Papillomavirus)

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... publications schedules & records support statements vaccine initiative vaccine safety about bucking the herd dr. offit's testimony not vaccinating the abcs of mmr & dtp thimerosal vaccine safety q & a videos chickenpox (varicella) hepatitis b hib ...

  15. One Family's Struggles with Pertussis (Whooping Cough)

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... publications schedules & records support statements vaccine initiative vaccine safety about bucking the herd dr. offit's testimony not vaccinating the abcs of mmr & dtp thimerosal vaccine safety q & a videos chickenpox (varicella) hepatitis b hib ...

  16. Blood Clotting and Pregnancy

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... and recertification Educational Programs Programs to enhance knowledge, research, and expertise Advocacy In This Section Action Alerts Advocacy Toolkit Policy News Advocacy Leadership Institute Policy Statements Congressional Fellowship Testimony and Correspondence ...

  17. Summanus. I. El enigmático dios del fulgor nocturno

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benjamín García Hernández

    1992-06-01

    Full Text Available The etymological revision of the name Sumannus and the interpretation of the ancient testimonies allow us to state that this god is not of Etruscan origin nor a special manifestation of Jupiter.

  18. Airway Clearance Techniques (ACTs)

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Advocacy Achievements Advocacy News Briefings, Testimonies, and Regulatory Comments Congressional Cystic Fibrosis Caucus Our Policy Agenda Policy ... Leaders About Us News Blog Chapters Facebook Twitter YouTube Instagram Email DONATE Breadcrumb Navigation Home Life With ...

  19. Anatomy of a Cancer Treatment Scam

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... to the FTC Testimonials News & Events Press Releases Commission Actions Media Resources Consumer Finance Mergers and Competition ... Enforcement Cases and Proceedings Case Document Search Refunds Commission Decision Volumes Letters and Statements Petitions to Quash ...

  20. National Patient Safety Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... News Member Testimonials Lifetime Members Stand Up for Patient Safety Welcome Stand Up Members Stand Up e-News ... PLS Webcast Archives Stand Up Templates and Logos Patient Safety Coalition Coalition Overview Coalition Member Roster Members-Only ...

  1. Blood Clotting and Pregnancy

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Congressional Fellowship Testimony and Correspondence Addressing Sickle Cell Disease View all Support Medical Research Urge your members ... you are interested in learning more about blood diseases and disorders, here are a few other resources ...

  2. Public Policy Report. The Nanny Trap: Child Care Work Today.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hostetler, Lana

    1984-01-01

    Reports testimony given before the Illinois House Labor and Commerce Committee concerning employment, wages, benefits, and conditions that affect the quality of child care and the status of child care institutions as employers of women. (RH)

  3. Understanding Cancer Prognosis

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Budget Proposal NCI Congressional Justification NCI Budget Fact Book Careers at NCI Visitor Information Legislative Activities Hearings & ... Plan & Budget Proposal Congressional Justification NCI Budget Fact Book Legislative Activities Hearings & Testimonies Current Congress Legislative History ...

  4. Adaptation Stories | IDRC - International Development Research ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2011-03-29

    Mar 29, 2011 ... This publication describes real-life testimonies of communities adapting to climate change and formulates strategies to reduce their social, economic and cultural vulnerability. The diversity of cases explores:

  5. FAA computer security : recommendations to address continuing weaknesses

    Science.gov (United States)

    2000-12-01

    In September, testimony before the Committee on Science, House of Representatives, focused on the Federal Aviation Administration's (FAA) computer security program. In brief, we reported that FAA's agency-wide computer security program has serious, p...

  6. 7 CFR 11.8 - Division hearings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... is pertinent and necessary for disclosure of all relevant facts which could impact the final... striking the testimony of the witness and the evidence the witness has produced. (vi) If a person refuses...

  7. Blood Clotting and Pregnancy

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Research In This Section Agenda for Hematology Research Sickle Cell Priorities Lymphoma Roadmap Moonshot Initiative Research Programs and ... This Section Action Alerts Advocacy Toolkit Policy News Sickle Cell Disease Initiative Policy Statements Congressional Fellowship Testimony and ...

  8. Training scientists and engineers for the year 2000

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Trivelpiece, A.W.

    1990-05-08

    This paper is a transcript of testimony by Alvin W. Trivelpiece, director of ORNL, before Congressional Subcommittee on Science, Technology, and Space. Dr. Trivelpiece discusses the importance of training scientist and engineers for the year 2000. (FSD)

  9. Mesothelioma Treatment: Recovery, Side Effects, What to Expect

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Treatment > Mesothelioma Treatment > Mesothelioma Treatment Recovery Side Effects Mesothelioma Treatment and Recovery Scenarios: e-News Signup Click ... questions. (877) END-MESO (877) 363-6376 Testimonials Mesothelioma Treatment: Recovery, Side Effects, What to Expect Mesothelioma ...

  10. Xeiras heráldicas: igrexa de San Fiz de Asma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Otero Piñeyro Maseda, Pablo S.

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available There are studied and analyze the historical and heraldic testimonies of the church of San Fiz de Asma (Chantada. Lugo, contributing documentary base for their correct identification

    No disponible

  11. Meningococcus Disease Photos

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Personal Testimonies Videos DISEASES Chickenpox (varicella) Japanese Encephalitis Rotavirus Diphtheria Measles Rubella Hepatitis A Meningococcal Shingles (zoster) Hepatitis B Mumps Tetanus Hib Pneumococcal Typhoid fever HPV Polio Whooping cough Influenza (flu) Rabies Yellow ...

  12. Hib Photos

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Personal Testimonies Videos DISEASES Chickenpox (varicella) Japanese Encephalitis Rotavirus Diphtheria Measles Rubella Hepatitis A Meningococcal Shingles (zoster) Hepatitis B Mumps Tetanus Hib Pneumococcal Typhoid fever HPV Polio Whooping cough Influenza (flu) Rabies Yellow ...

  13. 78 FR 22820 - Revisions to Rules of Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-17

    ... (Order No. 214). The PAEA transformed the Postal Rate Commission into the Postal Regulatory Commission...) Disclosure of the number, identity and qualifications of witnesses, and the nature of their testimony...

  14. Changing Climate Is Affecting Agriculture in the U.S.

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Media Media Agency News Releases Agency Reports Blog Digital Press Releases Testimony Transcripts and Speeches Search usda. ... on USDA Contracts Visit OIG Plain Writing Open Digital Strategy FOIA Accessibility Statement Privacy Policy Non-Discrimination ...

  15. Cancer Treatment Scams

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... cure cancer the hot new thing, old-fashioned snake oil, or something in between? All cancers are ... up? Bogus marketers often use trickery and vague language to take advantage of people. For example, testimonials ...

  16. Повесть о Феодорите Кольском(The Tale of Feodorit Kol'skij

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. V. Kalugin

    1998-02-01

    On the whole, the reliability of Kurbskij's story is confirmed by other sources. It is a valuable testimony by a contemporary, and it con-tains unique facts about the colonization and conversion of the Kola Pen- insula.

  17. La fuerza del testimonio o el testimonio forzado: Construcción de la memoria de la Guerra Civil Española en Muerte en El Valle de Christina Hardt

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Sánchez, Mariela

    2011-01-01

    .... Muerte en El Valle, Hardt's documentary discussed here from the perspectives of various theories on testimony, contains a series of procedures that shows the appropriation of the words of others and...

  18. Anatomy of a Cancer Treatment Scam

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Inspector General FTC Imposter Scams What You Need to Know About the Office of the Inspector General ... at the FTC Diversity at the FTC Apply to the FTC Testimonials News & Events Press Releases Commission ...

  19. Administrative Subpoenas in Criminal Investigations: A Brief Legal Analysis

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Doyle, Charles

    2006-01-01

    Administrative subpoena authority is the power vested in various administrative agencies to compel testimony or the production of documents or both in aid of the agencies performance of their duties...

  20. One Family's Struggles with Pertussis (Whooping Cough)

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... ask your doctor brochure family stories faq meet dr. gary freed meet keri russell posters grand article ... vaccine initiative vaccine safety about bucking the herd dr. offit's testimony not vaccinating the abcs of mmr & ...

  1. One Family's Struggle with Chickenpox

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... ask your doctor brochure family stories faq meet dr. gary freed meet keri russell posters grand article ... vaccine initiative vaccine safety about bucking the herd dr. offit's testimony not vaccinating the abcs of mmr & ...

  2. One Family's Struggles with Rotavirus

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... ask your doctor brochure family stories faq meet dr. gary freed meet keri russell posters grand article ... vaccine initiative vaccine safety about bucking the herd dr. offit's testimony not vaccinating the abcs of mmr & ...

  3. One Family's Struggles with Hepatitis B

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... ask your doctor brochure family stories faq meet dr. gary freed meet keri russell posters grand article ... vaccine initiative vaccine safety about bucking the herd dr. offit's testimony not vaccinating the abcs of mmr & ...

  4. One Family's Struggles with HPV (Human Papillomavirus)

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... ask your doctor brochure family stories faq meet dr. gary freed meet keri russell posters grand article ... vaccine initiative vaccine safety about bucking the herd dr. offit's testimony not vaccinating the abcs of mmr & ...

  5. Penis-Enlargement Products: Do They Work?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... of safety and effectiveness haven't been proved. Marketers rely on testimonials, skewed data and questionable before- ... Policy Notice of Privacy Practices Notice of Nondiscrimination Advertising Mayo Clinic is a not-for-profit organization ...

  6. DoD Cybersecurity Weakness as Reported in Audit Reports Issued From August 1, 2014, Through July 31, 2015 (REDACTED)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-09-25

    GAO Identified DoD Cybersecurity Weaknesses _______________________4 Cybersecurity Weaknesses Identified in Audits and Testimony...4 Frequently Cited Cybersecurity Weaknesses ________________________________________________5 DoD’s Progress to Implement Recommendations...Reported in Previously Issued Cybersecurity Summary Reports _______________________________________________ 12 Summary

  7. Frequently Asked Questions about ALS and the ALS Registry

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... studies suggested a link with exposure to trace elements, solvents, radiation, and agricultural chemicals. No confirmed link ... Links Registry Testimonials External Research Get the Facts Infographic Research Resources Biorepository ALS Biorepository Pilot ALS Biorepository ...

  8. NOTAS SOBRE DE UTILITATE CREDENDI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guillermo Hurtado

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available This article examines some of the arguments of Saint Augustine’s De utilitate credendi, with the purpose of incorporate them in contemporary philosophical discussions about belief, testimony and tradition.

  9. The ADAPT-r Creativity Book

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2017-01-01

    The ADAPT-r Creativity book provides an account of creative practitioners on their creative processes. The book does not take a theoretical, statistical or experimental point fo view, but includes testimonies and experiences by creative people.......The ADAPT-r Creativity book provides an account of creative practitioners on their creative processes. The book does not take a theoretical, statistical or experimental point fo view, but includes testimonies and experiences by creative people....

  10. Dekonversion och självuppfattning : En religionspsykologisk studie av dekonvertiters berättelser

    OpenAIRE

    Holmström, Lena

    2012-01-01

    This study focuses on aspects of cult experiences, given by deconverted former members of closed religious movements. Their testimonies were published in books or interviews. The aims of the study were to understand the interaction between the religious group and its members, living in high tension towards mainstream society and their testimonies of altered self-esteem during attraction, membership, deconversion and defection. The purpose was to understand how a person´s self-esteem is affect...

  11. Pure intuition: Miranda Fricker on the economy of prejudice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesús ZAMORA BONILLA

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Two aspects of Miranda Fricker’s book are criticised: the implicit assumption that ethical theory can solve fundamental problems in epistemology, and the excessive reliance on testimony as a fundamental source of knowledge. Against the former, it is argued that ethical theories are based on cultural prejudices to a higher extent than epistemological theories. Against the latter, argumentation is proposed as a more important epistemic practice than testimony.

  12. Encuentros con Elena Poniatowska

    OpenAIRE

    Uzquiza González, José Ignacio

    2008-01-01

    El autor analiza, desde su encuentro con Elena Poniatowska, la vertiente de la literatura testimonial como literatura de mujeres. Un análisis interior de la relación entre realidad y ficción, entre Elena, Jesusa o Tinísima. The author analyzes testimonial literature from the perspective of female literature through his meeting with Elena Poniatowska. An analysis of reality vs. Fiction in Elena, Jesusa and Tinisima.

  13. The "Latin American machismo (male chauvinism)" and its derivations in international education: reflections from US students in Buenos Aires

    OpenAIRE

    Felitti, Karina; Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas, CONICET; Rizzotti, Andrea; Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales, FLACSO

    2016-01-01

    This article analyzes the representations and experiences of young Americans participating in a program of international education in Buenos Aires, in relation to the models, representations and gender and sexuality issues they observe and live in the local culture from Argentina. With a qualitative methodology, between 2012 and 2014, written and oral testimonies of 50 students (men and women) were collected. These testimonies reflected on topics such as compliments / street harassment, Latin...

  14. Du témoignage ou de l’ininterprétable

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emmanuel Alloa

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This article defends the thesis that the reflection which Ricœur conducts on the notion of testimony is not one research topic among others, but forms one of the keys to understanding the Ricœurian project as such. The notion of testimony enables one to get beyond the polarity of (phenomenological description and (hermeneutical ascription, in order to return to the question of the real. Through an examination of the quadruple grammar of testimony that Ricœur proposes (with its aspects of “presentification,” “credence,” “assertion,” and “substitutability” and its context in the dialogue with historiography and theology, the article advances the thesis that with testimony, we broach the limit point of hermeneutics, a “non-interpretable” at the heart of interpretation. This “non-interpretable” acquires a quasi-transcendental status, because it allows interpretation to broach the thing it is dealing with and not another interpretation. Lastly, it will be important to show how Ricœur’s thought on testimony also reflects an ethics: this ethics prohibits treating the testimony as a mere source, referring to a positivity, but as a trace, within an experience, which as such is unrepeatable.

  15. Spreading the Spirit Word: Print Media, Storytelling, and Popular Culture in Nineteenth-Century Spiritualism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simone Natale

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Spiritualists in the nineteenth century gave much emphasis to the collection of evidences of scientific meaning. During séances, they used instruments similar to those employed in scientific practice to substantiate their claims. However, these were not the only source of legitimization offered in support of the spiritualist claims. In fact, writers who aimed to provide beliefs in spiritualism with a reliable support relied very often on the testimonies of eyewitness that were reported in a narrative fashion. This article interrogates the role of such anecdotal testimonies in nineteenth-century spiritualism. It argues that they played a twofold role: on one side, they offered a form of evidentiary proof that was complementary to the collection of mechanical-based evidences; on the other side, they circulated in spiritualist publications, creating opportunities to reach a wide public of readers that was made available by the emergence of a mass market for print media. Able to convince, but also to entertain the reader, anecdotal testimonies were perfectly suited for publications in spiritualist books and periodicals. The proliferation of anecdotal testimonies in spiritualist texts, in this regard, hints at the relevance of storytelling in the diffusion of beliefs about religious matters as well as scientific issues within the public sphere. By reporting and disseminating narrative testimonies, print media acted as a channel through which spiritualism’s religious and scientific endeavors entered the field of a burgeoning popular culture.

  16. Can pictorial warning labels on cigarette packages address smoking-related health disparities?: Field experiments in Mexico to assess warning label content

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thrasher, James F.; Arillo-Santillán, Edna; Villalobos, Victor; Pérez-Hernández, Rosaura; Hammond, David; Carter, Jarvis; Sebrié, Ernesto; Sansores, Raul; Regalado-Piñeda, Justino

    2012-01-01

    Objective This study aimed to determine the most effective content of pictorial health warning labels (HWLs) and whether educational attainment moderates these effects. Methods Field experiments were conducted with 529 adult smokers and 530 young adults (258 nonsmokers; 271 smokers), wherein participants reported responses to different HWLs printed on cigarette packages. One experiment involved manipulating textual form (testimonial narrative vs didactic) and the other involved manipulating imagery type (diseased organs vs human suffering). Results Tests of mean ratings and rankings indicated that HWLs with didactic textual forms had equivalent or significantly higher credibility, relevance, and impact than HWLs with testimonial forms. Results from mixed-effects models confirmed these results. However, responses differed by participant educational attainment: didactic forms were consistently rated higher than testimonials among participants with higher education, whereas the difference between didactic and testimonial narrative forms was weaker or not statistically significant among participants with lower education. In the second experiment, with textual content held constant, greater credibility, relevance and impact was found for graphic imagery of diseased organs than imagery of human suffering. Conclusions Pictorial HWLs with didactic textual forms appear to work better than with testimonial narratives. Future research should determine which pictorial HWL content has the greatest real-world impact among consumers from disadvantaged groups, including assessment of how HWL content should change to maintain its impact as tobacco control environments strengthen and consumer awareness of smoking-related risks increases. PMID:22350859

  17. The presentation of forensic psychiatric evidence in court.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gutheil, T G

    2000-01-01

    After defining the role of expert witness, the article reviews the basics of courtroom testimony under the rubrics of (a) truth (presenting under oath only that testimony that one can "swear to," to a reasonable degree of medical certainty); (b) testing (including both psychological testing and tests to assess admissibility standards); and (c) theater (including elements of drama, solemnity, and ritual as well as persuasiveness to the "audience"). Pathways to effectiveness are discussed, including use of visual materials, adjustment of language level for the jury's comprehension and attention to the narrative dimension of the case. Areas of excluded testimony are identified, such as the "ultimate issue" in the case, comments on credibility of other witnesses and comments on the legal process itself. Pitfalls that lie on the path to effectiveness are described, including narcissistic arrogance, anger, and using testimony in a personal crusade; means of avoiding these pitfalls are noted. The author concludes that effective courtroom testimony fulfills expert witness functions necessary to the legal system.

  18. Juror sensitivity to false confession risk factors: Dispositional vs. situational attributions for a confession.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woestehoff, Skye A; Meissner, Christian A

    2016-10-01

    Research on jurors' perceptions of confession evidence suggests that jurors may not be sensitive to factors that can influence the reliability of a confession. Jurors' decisions tend not to be influenced by situational pressures to confess, which suggests that jurors commit the correspondence bias when evaluating a confession. One method to potentially increase sensitivity and counteract the correspondence bias is by highlighting a motivation other than guilt for the defendant's confession. We conducted 3 experiments to evaluate jurors' sensitivity to false confession risk factors. Participants read a trial transcript that varied the presence of false confession risk factors within an interrogation. Some participants also read testimony that presented an alternative motivation for the confession (expert testimony, Experiments 1 and 3; defendant testimony, Experiment 2). Across 3 experiments, participants were generally able to distinguish between interrogation practices that can produce a false confession, regardless of the presence or absence of expert or defendant testimony. Experiment 3 explored whether participants' attributions for the confessor's motivation were affected by interrogative pressure and expert testimony, and whether these attributions affected verdicts. Participants' reluctance to convict when false confession risk factors were present was associated with situational, rather than dispositional, attributions regarding the defendant's motivation to confess. It is possible that increased knowledge is responsible for participants' improved sensitivity to false confession risk factors. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved).

  19. Can pictorial warning labels on cigarette packages address smoking-related health disparities? Field experiments in Mexico to assess pictorial warning label content.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thrasher, James F; Arillo-Santillán, Edna; Villalobos, Victor; Pérez-Hernández, Rosaura; Hammond, David; Carter, Jarvis; Sebrié, Ernesto; Sansores, Raul; Regalado-Piñeda, Justino

    2012-03-01

    The objective of this study was to determine the most effective content of pictorial health warning labels (HWLs) and whether educational attainment moderates these effects. Field experiments were conducted with 529 adult smokers and 530 young adults (258 nonsmokers; 271 smokers). Participants reported responses to different pictorial HWLs printed on cigarette packages. One experiment involved manipulating textual form (testimonial narrative vs. didactic) and the other involved manipulating image type (diseased organs vs. human suffering). Tests of mean ratings and rankings indicated that pictorial HWLs with didactic textual forms had equivalent or significantly higher credibility, relevance, and impact than pictorial HWLs with testimonial forms. Results from mixed-effects models confirmed these results. However, responses differed by participant educational attainment: didactic forms were consistently rated higher than testimonials among participants with higher education, whereas the difference between didactic and testimonial narrative forms was weaker or not statistically significant among participants with lower education. In the second experiment, with textual content held constant, greater credibility, relevance, and impact was found for graphic imagery of diseased organs than imagery of human suffering. Pictorial HWLs with didactic textual forms seem to work better than those with testimonial narratives. Future research should determine which pictorial HWL content has the greatest real-world impact among consumers from disadvantaged groups, including assessment of how HWL content should change to maintain its impact as tobacco control environments strengthen and consumer awareness of smoking-related risks increases.

  20. Citizen Camera-Witnessing: A Case Study of the Umbrella Movement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wai Han Lo

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Citizen camera-witness is a new concept by which to describe using mobile camera phone to engage in civic expression. I argue that the meaning of this concept should not be limited to painful testimony; instead, it is a mode of civic camera-mediated mass self-testimony to brutality. The use of mobile phone recordings in Hong Kong’s Umbrella Movement is examined to understand how mobile cameras are employed as personal witnessing devices to provide recordings to indict unjust events and engage others in the civic movement. This study has examined the Facebook posts and You Tube videos of the Umbrella Movement between September 22, 2014 and December 22, 2014. The results suggest that the camera phone not only contributes to witnessing the brutal repression of the state, but also witnesses the beauty of the movement, and provides a testimony that allows for rituals to develop and semi-codes to be transformed.