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Sample records for terpeneless valencia orange

  1. Potent Inhibition of Pseudogymnoascus destructans, the Causative Agent of White-Nose Syndrome in Bats, by Cold-Pressed, Terpeneless, Valencia Orange Oil.

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    Nicholas Boire

    Full Text Available The causative agent of White-nose Syndrome (WNS, Pseudogymnoascus destructans, has been shown to be fatal to several species of bats in North America. To date, no compounds or chemical control measures have been developed which eliminates the growth of the fungus in the environment or in affected animals. In the current study, we evaluated the activity of cold-pressed, terpeneless orange oil (CPT against multiple isolates of P. destructans in vitro. For all assays, a modified Kirby-Bauer disk diffusion assay was used. Standardized spore suspensions were prepared, adjusted to a specific optical density, and used to plate fungal lawns. Plates were incubated at either 15°C or 4°C for up to 6 months and checked at regular intervals for growth. Once controls had grown, zones of inhibition were measured (mm on test plates and compared to those obtained using current antifungal drugs. All P. destructans isolates were completely inhibited by 100% CPT (10 μL at 1 month of incubation regardless of temperature (4°C and 15°C. Complete inhibition persisted up to 6 months following a single exposure at this concentration. Of the standard antifungals, only amphotericin B demonstrated any activity, resulting in zone diameters ranging from 58 mm to 74 mm. CPT, at the highest concentration tested (100%, had no significant effect against a variety of other environmental organisms including various filamentous fungi, bacteria and aerobic actinomycetes. Given that CPT is relatively non-toxic, the possibility exists that the all-natural, mixture could be used as an environmental pre-treatment to eradicate P. destructans from bat habitats. Additional studies are needed to assess any undesirable effects of CPT on bat behavior and health and overall impacts on other members of the interconnected ecosystem(s.

  2. Effect of air-borne fluorides on Valencia orange yields

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    Leonard, C.D.; Graves, H.B. Jr.

    1966-01-01

    A field experiment with bearing Valencia orange trees on rough lemon rootstock was carried out to study the effects of different levels of air-borne fluorides on yield, fruit quality, and leaf growth. The experimental trees were in a grove exposed to relatively high levels of airborne fluorides. Six trees were enclosed in individual plastic greenhouses. Fluorides were removed from the air entering 3 greenhouses by dry calcium carbonate filters, while unfiltered ambient air was moved through the other 3 greenhouses. Three additional trees were not enclosed and were used as outdoor checks. The leaves of trees in the unfiltered greenhouses absorbed much less fluorine than those of the outdoor checks, even though there was little difference in the fluorine content of the air. This appears to be due to the fact that the leaves were kept dry inside the greenhouses. Greenhouse trees receiving unfiltered air produced significantly less fruit in 1965-66 than those receiving filtered air, and the outdoor check trees yielded significantly less fruit than the unfiltered greenhouse trees. Leaf size decreased as leaf fluorine increased. There was a trend toward higher acid and lower Brix/acid ratio of the juice with increasing fluorine in the leaves, but these differences were not significant. 8 references, 6 tables.

  3. Emission of linalool from Valencia orange blossoms and its observation in ambient air

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    Arey, Janet; Corchnoy, Stephanie B.; Atkinson, Roger

    Emission measurements made over a 5-month period of a Valencia orange tree showed the significant emission of the terpenoid linalool (C 10H 18O) from Valencia orange blossoms. The average annual emission rate of this Olinda Valencia orange, derived from emission measurements which include the blossoming season, is a factor of ˜10 higher than the average annual emission rate derived from measurements taken outside of the blossom season. Ambient monoterpene and linalool concentrations were measured in Riverside, California, in the spring and supported the chamber plant emissions data, with linalool concentrations as high as 17 μg m -3 being observed in an orange grove. These results show that current biogenic emission inventories which are formulated from limited survey data, generally not including seasonal variations in the vegetative emissions, can be subject to large uncertainties.

  4. Genetic diversity analysis of Valencia and Navel group sweet orange cultivars by SSR markers

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    İlknur POLAT

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Sweet orange [Citrus sinensis (L. Osbeck] fruit is one of the main citrus fruits, Navel and Valencia group sweet orange being the most representative and recognizable species of this species. The aims of this study were to determine genetic relationships and diversity of 84 Navel and 36 Valencia groups of sweet orange using SSR (simple sequence repeat molecular markers. Twenty-six SSR primers were tested on these accessions. Seven SSR primers produced thirteen polymorphic fragments, eight SSR primers produced monomorphic fragments, and eleven SSR primers produced no scorable fragments. Thirteen SSR primers produced a total of 29 fragments and 13 of them were polymorphic. The number of average polymorphic fragments per primer was 1.93. The mean polymorphism information content (PIC and marker index (MI are 0.16 and 11.74, respectively. The Dice’s similarity coefficient among Navel and Valencia group sweet oranges ranged from 0.42 to 1.00 and matrix correlation (r was 0.79. In the cluster analysis, Navel group sweet oranges were indicated as a separate group from Valencia group sweet oranges. ‘Antalya (40’ was most distinct accessions from the others.

  5. Performance of 'Valencia' Orange (Citrus sinensis [L.] Osbeck) on 17 rootstocks in a trial severely affected by huanglongbing

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    Valencia orange (Citrus sinensis L. Osbeck) was grown on 17 rootstocks through seven years of age and the first four harvest seasons in a central Florida field trial severely affected by huanglongbing (HLB) disease. All trees in the trial had huanglongbing symptoms and were shown by Polymerase chain...

  6. NPK fertilization effects on concentration of nutrients in Valencia orange leaves

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Basso, C.; Mielniczuk, J.; Bohnen, H.

    1983-01-01

    The effects of NPK fertilization on the nutrient concentration in the leaves was evaluated in a field experiment of Valencia orange (Citrus sinensis Osbeck) growing in a sandy acid soil, with 4N, 3P and 4K fertilizer levels. N and Cu contents in the leaves were high, while P and Zn levels were low, in all treatments. Increasing the levels of N, P 2 O 5 and K 2 O fertilization resulted in an increase of the N, P and K concentration in the leaves, respectively. Crescent levels of N fertilization raised Mn and decreased Ca concentration in the leaves. P and K contents in the leaves correlated positively. With a great availability and absorption of K, reduction on he foliar contents of Mg and Ca ocurred. (M.A.C.) [pt

  7. Relations among Valencia orange yields with soil and leaf nutrients in Northwestern Paraná, Brazil

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    Jonez Fidalski

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available The Valencia orange orchards established on soils of low fertility in the Northwest region of Paraná State, Brazil, have showed symptoms of Mg deficiency and reduced fruit yields. The objective of this study was to verify the relationship between yield with soil and leaf nutrients during 1996/97 growing season. Two sites of low and high productivity were selected in seven orchards. Leaf and soil samples (fertilized rows and interrows were collected in 1996. The results showed that the citrus yields were negatively related with soil Mg/K and Ca+Mg/K ratios in the fertilized rows, and fruit weight positively correlated with leaf Zn in the low productivity orchards. The fruit weight was positively related with leaf Ca and soil Ca in the fertilized rows of the high productivity orchards. The results suggested an adequate lime and K fertilization managements in the fertilized rows, as well as an adequate Zn supply.Os pomares de laranja Valência (Citrus sinensis (L. Osbeck estabelecidos em solos de baixa fertilidade da região noroeste do Paraná, tem apresentado sintomas de desequilíbrio nutricional, principalmente deficiência de Mg e redução da produção e do tamanho dos frutos. O objetivo deste trabalho foi verificar as relações da produção e peso dos frutos com os nutrientes das folhas e do solo de sete pomares de laranja Valência na safra de 1996/97, em talhões de produtividade inferior e superior. Em 1996, foram coletadas amostras de folha e de solo nas faixas de adubação e nas entrelinhas. Os resultados mostraram que a produção de frutos correlacionou-se negativamente com as relações dos cátions Mg/K e Ca+Mg/K do solo das faixas de adubação dos pomares de baixa produtividade e, o peso dos frutos, correlacionou-se positivamente com os teores foliares de Zn. Nos pomares de produtividade superior, o peso dos frutos correlacionou-se positivamente com os teores de Ca das folhas e do solo nas faixas de adubação. Estes

  8. Quality of 'Delta Valencia' orange grown in semiarid climate and stored under refrigeration after coating with wax

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    Gerlândia da Silva Pereira

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The effects of carnauba-based wax on the quality of 'Delta Valencia' orange produced in Ceará state, Brazil, were studied. The fruits were coated with carnauba-based wax and refrigerated (7 ± 2 ºC and 85 ± 2% R.H. for 28 days. The quality attribute parameters assessed were weight loss, peel color (brightness, hue angle, and chromaticity, peel moisture, pH, soluble solids (SS, titratable acidity (TA, SS/TA ratio, ascorbic acid, total soluble sugars, reducing sugars, yellow flavonoids, and polyphenols. The results showed that 'Delta Valencia' oranges grown in the dry climate of Ceará state has excellent quality. The coated fruits lost mass at a lower rate than the the control fruits. No significant loss of soluble solids, titratable acidity, pH, and SS/TA ratio was observed, while ascorbic acid, soluble sugars, reducing sugars, yellow flavonoids, and polyphenols increased during storage in both the coated and control fruits. Carnauba-based wax coated fruits showed no signal of dehydration keeping their shiny green peel up to the end of the storage. The use of coating was crucial for the maintenance of visual quality by reducing mass loss, as well as keeping peel moisture.

  9. Disinfestation by irradiation of mangoes (Manguifera Indica L.) Kent and oranges (Citrus sinensis O.) Valencia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bustos Ramirez, M.E.

    1987-01-01

    The objectives in this work were to determine the minimum dose for radiation disinfestation of mangoes and oranges infested with Mexican fruit fly (Anastrepha ludens Loew) and to evaluate the quality of the fruits by organoleptic, chemical and physiological analysis of mangoes irradiated to 0.3, 0.6 and 1.0 kGy and storaged at 12 0 C during 15 days and oranges irradiated to 0.25, 0.6 and 1.0 kGy and storaged at 15 0 C during 21 days. To inhibit the development of larvaes in mangoes the minimum dose was 0.3 kGy and for oranges the dose was 0.45 kGy. The dose for the probit 9 security test were 0.43 kGy for mangoes and 0.63 kGy for oranges. The results of sensorial analysis in mangoes, indicated that there are no significative differences for the two panels: consumers or trained judges. The differences in the physiological and chemical analysis are greater for storage fruits than for the irradiated ones. At the end of the storage period the appearance of the irradiated mangoes was better than for the control. The observed differences in irradiated oranges were the presence of dark zones on the oranges peel which affect their quality. This effect is due to the irradiation in oranges not completely ripen. (author)

  10. Zn and K influence in fruit sizes of Valencia orange Influencia de Zn y K en el tamaño del fruto de naranja Valencia

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    Víctor Antonio Rodríguez

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available In orange commercial farms, Zn deficiencies symptoms and small fruits were observed in Corrientes, Argentine. During four years (1995 to 1998, Valencia orange (Citrus sinensis Osb. on Rough lemon (C. jambhiri Lush. rootstock, implanted in 1974 in sandy soil, where six treatments were tested. Treatments varied from 1 to 3 Kg KCl.tree-1.year-1 (applied in April and December with and without Zineb 80, 0,35%. year-1, 20 L. tree-1 (13,3 g Zn.tree-1 applied in December. The experimental design was a randomized complete block with four replications, with a single tree and borders in the experimental plot. Foliar sample were taken every year in Autumn and Summer, foliar concentrations of Zn and K were determined by atomic spectrum absorption. Harvested fruits were classified into small, medium and big. Analysis of Variance, Tukey test and Pearson correlations between production and foliar concentrations were performed. Higher fertilization levels of K with Zn increased medium and big fruits production (Kg and percentage. Foliar concentrations of K and Zn were positively correlated with big and medium fruit production and negatively correlated with small one. Chemical names used: Ethilenbis-ditiocarbamate of Zn (Zineb.En plantaciones comerciales de naranjos, en Corrientes, Argentina, se observaron síntomas de deficiencia de zinc y frutos pequeños. Durante cuatro años (1995 a 1998, sobre plantas de naranja Valencia (C. sinensis, Osb. injertadas sobre limón rugoso (C. jambhiri, Lush., implantadas en 1974 en un suelo arenoso, se probaron seis tratamientos que variaron entre 1 y 3 kg.KCl.planta-1.año-1 (aplicados en abril y diciembre con y sin zineb 80 (Ethilenbis-ditiocarbamato de Zn, 0,35%.año-1, 20 L.planta-1, (13,3 g Zn.planta-1 aplicado en diciembre. El diseño experimental utilizado fue de bloques completos al azar con cuatro repeticiones, parcela experimental una planta y sus borduras. Se tomaron muestras foliares todos los años en otoño y

  11. A Comparison of the Volatile Components of Cold Pressed Hamlin and Valencia (Citrus sinensis (L. Osbeck Orange Oils Affected by Huanglongbing

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    Brittany M. Xu

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Volatiles from huanglongbing (HLB symptomatic and asymptomatic cold pressed orange oils from Florida Hamlin and Valencia fruit were assessed. Qualitative gas-liquid chromatography studies showed the presence of several compounds (β-longifolene, perillene, and 4-decenal which are not commonly identified in Citrus sinensis (L. Osbeck oils. Oils derived from huanglongbing symptomatic fruit had lower concentrations of linalool, decanal, citronellol, neral, geranial, carvone, dodecanal, and 2-decenal and higher concentrations of citronellal compared to asymptomatic fruit. A comparison to historic literature of orange oil investigations before HLB was of issue in Florida orange crops showed lower levels of linalool, decanal, neral, and geranial in Hamlin peel oil samples, as well as higher levels of dodecanal. Valencia peel oil samples showed lower concentrations of linalool and increased concentration of citronellol and dodecanal. As a result of huanglongbing (HLB phenomena, the concentrations of several important volatiles found in Hamlin and Valencia peel oil profiles have changed compared to historic values. Differences in volatile concentrations of symptomatic and asymptomatic HLB affected peel oil compounds in orange fruit are identified.

  12. Changes in Volatile and Non-Volatile Flavor Chemicals of "Valencia" Orange Juice over the Harvest Seasons.

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    Bai, Jinhe; Baldwin, Elizabeth A; McCollum, Greg; Plotto, Anne; Manthey, John A; Widmer, Wilbur W; Luzio, Gary; Cameron, Randall

    2016-01-04

    Florida "Valencia" oranges have a wide harvest window, covering four months after first reaching the commercial maturity. However, the influence of harvest time on juice flavor chemicals is not well documented, with the exception of sugars and acids. Therefore, we investigated the major flavor chemicals, volatile (aroma), non-volatile (taste) and mouth feel attributes, in the two harvest seasons (March to June in 2007 and February to May in 2012). Bitter limonoid compounds, limonin and nomilin, decreased gradually. Out of a total of 94 volatiles, 32 increased, 47 peaked mid to late season, and 15 decreased. Juice insoluble solids and pectin content increased over the season; however, pectin methylesterase activity remained unchanged. Fruit harvested in the earlier months had lower flavor quality. Juice from later harvests had a higher sugar/acid ratio with less bitterness, while, many important aroma compounds occurred at the highest concentrations in the middle to late season, but occurred at lower concentrations at the end of the season. The results provide information to the orange juice processing industry for selection of optimal harvest time and for setting of precise blending strategy.

  13. Efficacy of six fungicides in the control of Mycosphaerella citri Whiteside in orange cv. 'Valencia' in Tlayecac, Morelos, Mexico

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    Dagoberto Guillén Sánchez

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available The efficacy of six fungicides for the control greasy spot (Mycosphaerella citri Whiteside in orange (C. sinensis cv. 'Valencia' was evaluated in plots with a randomized block design and six treatments: (Azoxystrobin + Difenoconazole, Flutriafol, Difenoconazole, Benomyl, Copper Oxychloride, Trifloxyistrobin and a control. Three spraying, were made, every fifteen days. During the assay, the incidence, severity and efficacy of the diseases were evaluated. In addition, area under the disease-progress curve (AUDPC and disease-progress curve relative in percent (AUDPCr were calculated. The data were processed through a simple ANOVA. As results, the incidence remained unchanged up to 21 days after treatment (DAT, with low values between 1.3 and 5 %, which increased from 28 (DAT (58-96 %. The initially severity was low (0.1-3 % and was increased up to 32 %. The efficacy 7 (DAT had the highest percentages with Benomyl and Trifloxyistrobin (87.5 % and Difenoconazole (75 %. While at 14 (DAT Difenoconazole and Azoxydifem reached 87.5 %. All fungicides reduced the area under the disease-progress curve (AUDPC in relation to the control and in correspondence the lowest cumulative relative percentages of disease-progress curve relative in percent (AUDPCr were obtained by Flutriafol, Benomyl and Trifloxystrobin (8.4, 8.6 and 8.7 %, although without statistical differences with another fungicide, only with the control (11.2 %.

  14. The study of the spatial relationship of some soil properties with the quantitative, qualitative and vegetative properties of Valencia orange in Kazerun, Fars province

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    Mina Kiyani

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The spatial variability of soil properties and its importance in production is a matter-of-debate. Insight about the variability of soil properties as well as the yield of orchards is necessary to achieve higher productivity and better management. Orange is one of the most important export products in our country and to sustainable production of this product, it is necessary to identify the factors affecting its growth. This study was performed to examine the statistical and geo-statistical relationship of some soil properties with the quantitative, qualitative and vegetative properties of Valencia orange in Kazerun area, Fars province. Materials and methods: The study area contained 1 hectare (Valencia orange crop of 205-hectare orchards of Rashnabad on the west of Kazerun, Fars province which is 860 meters above the sea level. 120 soil samples were collected from two depths of 0-40 cm and 40-80 cm (according to the root distribution in order to investigate the statistical and geo-statistical relationship of some soil properties with the properties of Valencia orange. The sampling in the shade and with a minimum distance of one meter from the trunk of the tested tree was performed (It should be noted that orange trees have been planted as row planting with a distance of 5 meters from each other. In addition to the soil samples were collected for statistical studies from the depths 0-40 and 40-80 cm, the combined sampling of two trees that had less distance to the selected points was performed to measure the performance and quality of orange. It should be noted that all the Valencia trees, their age (about eight years and management approach were similar. Soil samples were then transferred to the laboratory and air dried, the separately packed and passed through 2 mm sieve.Then, different soil and orange properties including soil texture, pH, EC, %OM, %CaCO3, solution potassium and available phosphorous, iron, zinc and manganese

  15. Selección de leguminosas herbáceas para el fomento de cobertura en plantaciones de naranja Valencia late Selection of herbaceous legumes for the development of cover in Valencia late orange plantations

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    Dayamí Fontes

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available El establecimiento de leguminosas herbáceas dentro de las áreas de frutales precisa de estudios que demuestren la compatibilidad de estas asociaciones, con vista a mejorar la producción en estos agroecosistemas. El objetivo del presente trabajo fue seleccionar la especie leguminosa más adecuada para emplearla como cobertura viva en plantaciones de naranja Valencia late, sobre la base de su caracterización morfoagronómica. El estudio se realizó en áreas de la Empresa de Cítricos Ciego de Ávila. Para ello se establecieron parcelas de 3 m2, sobre un suelo Ferralítico Rojo compactado, donde no se había aplicado fertilizantes ni herbicidas. Se utilizaron 14 tratamientos y se midieron los siguientes indicadores: emergencia (a los 7, 14, 21, 28 y 35 días después de la siembra en cada parcela, altura (cm, cobertura foliar (% y producción de semillas (t ha-1. De acuerdo con los resultados, Teramnus labialis fue la especie más adecuada para usarla como cobertura viva en plantaciones citrícolas, en correspondencia con el porcentaje de emergencia, el área cubierta, la altura estacional y la producción de semilla alcanzada durante el proceso de evaluación, por lo que se recomienda su utilización en los ecosistemas citrícolas de naranja V. late de Ciego de Ávila.The establishment of herbaceous legumes within fruit tree areas requires studies that prove the compatibility of these associations, aiming at improving production in these agroecosystems. The objective of this work was to select the most adequate legume species to be used as live cover in Valencia late orange plantations, based on their morphoagronomic characterization. The study was conducted in areas of the Ciego de Ávila Citrus Fruit Enterprise. For such purpose 3 m2 plots were established on a compacted Ferralitic Red soil, where neither fertilizers nor herbicides had been applied. Fourteen treatments were used and the following indicators were measured: emergence (7, 14

  16. Changes in volatile and non-volatile flavor chemicals of "Valencia" orange juice over the harvest seasons

    Science.gov (United States)

    Florida ‘Valencia’ oranges have a wide harvest window covering four months after first reaching the commercial maturity. However, the influence of harvest time on juice flavor chemicals is not well documented with the exception of sugars and acids. Therefore, we investigated the major flavor chemica...

  17. Influence of post-harvest application rates of cyprodinil, treatment time and temperature on residue levels and efficacy in controlling green mould on 'Valencia' oranges.

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    Schirra, Mario; D'Aquino, Salvatore; Cabras, Paolo; Angioni, Alberto

    2009-07-01

    The effectiveness of heat treatments with water and cyprodinil in controlling post-harvest green mould caused by Penicillium digitatum was investigated on artificially inoculated 'Valencia' oranges. Residue levels of cyprodinil were determined in the oranges as a function of active ingredient concentration, temperature and treatment time. Cyprodinil residues were significantly dependent on treatment time when applied at 600 mg l(-1) and 20 degrees C, but not when fruit were treated at 150-300 mg l(-1). The application of cyprodinil at 50 or 100 mg l(-1) at 55 degrees C for 30 s produced similar residue levels, while residues increased when the application rate was 150 mg l(-1). Cyprodinil at 100 mg l(-1) and 60 degrees C produced a significant increase in residues compared to treatment at 50 mg l(-1); no significant increase in residues was found when the application rate was raised from 100 to 150 mg l(-1). In comparison to treatments performed at 20 degrees C, the application of a heated cyprodinil mixture resulted in significantly higher residues in fruit. All treatments with cyprodinil at 20 degrees C similarly reduced green mould after 7 days of storage at 20 degrees C. After 18 days, treatment with cyprodinil at 600 mg l(-1) for 30 s was more effective than at 150-300 mg l(-1). When dip time was extended to 90 or 180 s, treatment efficacy was positively related to fungicide concentration. Treatments with water at 55 degrees C for 30 s were as effective as cyprodinil at 50-100 mg l(-1), but less effective than cyprodinil at 150 mg l(-1). After 7 days, treatment with water or cyprodinil at 50-150 mg l(-1) and 60 degrees C were equally effective in controlling green mould; while, after 18 days, treatment with cyprodinil at 150 mg l(-1) was consistently more effective than at 50-100 mg l(-1) or hot water alone.

  18. Action pattern of Valencia orange PME de-esterification of high methoxyl pectin and characterization of modified pectins.

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    Kim, Yookyung; Teng, Quincy; Wicker, Louise

    2005-12-12

    Valencia pectinmethylesterase (PME) fractions, B-PME, containing 36 and 13 kDa protein bands and U-PME, containing a 36 and 27 kDa protein bands, were used to de-esterify original pectin (O-Pec) from 73% degree of esterification (%DE) to 63% (B-Pec) and 61% DE (U-Pec), respectively. Most O-Pec eluted from ion exchange chromatography at low salt concentration and a smaller component eluted at higher ionic strength. B-Pec and U-Pec eluted as one broad peak at higher ionic strength. PME modification did not change molecular weight: O-pectin (134,000 g/mol), U-Pec (133,850 g/mol), and B-Pec (132,250 g/mol). The NMR signal of GG and GGG increased after modification, whereas the signal of EE and EEE decreased. The negative zeta-potential increased with pH for all pectins. U-PME and B-PME created differently modified pectins that vary in degree and length of multiple attacks and fraction of the pectin population that was modified.

  19. Efeito da carga pendente na qualidade de frutos de laranjeira 'Valência' Effect of crop loading on quality of 'Valencia' orange fruit

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    Thiago Franco Duarte

    2011-09-01

    fruit development. Although it reduced the fruit weight, the difference in crop load observed in 'Valencia' orange had no influence on fruit quality when considered the citrus industry as fruit destination.

  20. Qualidade de frutos de laranjeira Valência cultivada sob sistema tecnificado Quality of Valencia orange fruits cultivated under technified system

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    Regina K. Grizotto

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Estudou-se, neste estudo, o efeito de um pacote tecnológico implementado no pomar laranjeira Valência em comparação com o sistema convencional tendo-se por base a produção e a qualidade dos frutos colhidos. As tecnologias praticadas constam de adensamento, adubação na implantação e formação, tratamento fitossanitário, manejo de plantas invasoras, irrigação e poda de formação. Os resultados obtidos dos frutos da primeira colheita mostraram que o sistema tecnificado com irrigação (ST + I promoveu aumento significativo no rendimento de colheita, o qual foi maior em pomares com maior adensamento de 727 plantas ha-1 (espaçamento 5,5 x 2,5 m ou 667 plantas ha-1 (espaçamento 6,0 x 2,5 m. A irrigação em sistema tecnificado resultou em frutos com maior tamanho e, consequentemente, menor número de frutos para compor uma caixa padrão, menores teores de sólidos solúveis e acidez titulável. Não houve variação no rendimento em suco, independente do sistema de produção ou espaçamento utilizado. Conclui-se que, nesta primeira avaliação, a implementação de sistema tecnificado de manejo de pomar concomitante à irrigação (ST + I é interessante, uma vez que promove maior rendimento de colheita em comparação ao sistema convencional.The effect of a technological package implemented in a Valencia orange orchard was studied and compared with the conventional system, based on the production and quality of the fruits harvested. The technologies implemented included the densification, fertilization during implantation and training, phytosanitary treatment, weed management, irrigation and pruning. The results for the fruits from the first harvest showed that the Technified System and Irrigation (TS + I resulted in significant increase in crop yield. This increase was higher in orchards with a higher density of 727 plants ha-1 (5.5 x 2.5 m spacing or 667 plants ha-1 (6.0 x 2.5 m spacing. In general, irrigation concomitant with TS

  1. Características da laranjeira 'Valência' sobre clones e híbridos de porta-enxertos tolerantes à tristeza Characteristics of 'Valencia' sweet orange onto clones and hybrid rootstocks tolerant to the tristeza disease

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    Rita Bordignon

    2003-01-01

    ção precoce e elevadosºBrix e ratio desse genitor, tratando-se de determinantes genéticos independentes. Trifoliata induziu altos valores de ratio do suco e, todos os seus grupos de híbridos foram superiores à Sunki e ao Cravo. Quanto à produção, verificou-se a superioridade do Cravo em relação à Sunki e esta em relação ao Trifoliata, enquanto nos híbridos constatou-se ampla variabilidade genética, sendo 228 significativamente mais produtivos que o Trifoliata, 100 superiores à Sunki e 47 ao Cravo. Os resultados evidenciaram alto potencial de seleção desses híbridos.Variability and selection potential of 396 hybrids of Rangpur lime 'Limeira', (Citrus limonia (C, Sunki mandarin (C. sunki (S, Sour orange 'São Paulo'(C. aurantium (A and Trifoliate orange 'Davis A'(Poncirus trifoliata (T tolerant to the tristeza disease were studied, comparatively to the genitors Rangpur lime, Sunki and Trifoliate orange. Hybrids TxA, TxS, SxT, CxS, SxC, CxA and SxA were investigated as to yield of first three crops, productivity and several vegetative and industrial characteristics of Valencia sweet orange onto them. Rangpur lime, Trifoliate orange and T x S, S x T, T x A, C x A hybrids initiated yielding before Sunki and S x C, C x S, S x A hybrids. This result indicates a dominance of the precocious yield of Trifoliate even in the hybrids with Sunki and conversely, the opposite trend of Sunki and its hybrids, except in the combination with Trifoliate orange. Yield per canopy area induced by Trifoliate orange was low, contrasting with Rangpur lime, Sunki mandarin and T x S, S x T hybrids. It was observed a close relationship between the diameter of scions, the diameter of rootstocks right after transplant to the field and the same parameters in the subsequent years. Height, canopy, rootstock and scion trunk diameters were highly correlated and useful for composing an index vigor. Trifoliate orange and Sunki mandarin are the most divergent genitors regarding vigor, and the

  2. Cloning, expression, purification and physical and kinetic characterization of the phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase from orange (Citrus sinensis osbeck var. Valencia) fruit juice sacs.

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    Perotti, Valeria E; Figueroa, Carlos M; Andreo, Carlos S; Iglesias, Alberto A; Podestá, Florencio E

    2010-11-01

    Phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP) carboxylase (PEPCase) from orange fruit juice sacs has been cloned and heterogously expressed in high yield. The purified recombinant enzyme displays properties typical of plant PEPCase, including activation by sugar phosphates and inhibition by malate and citrate. Malate inhibition is weak in the physiological pH range, and the enzyme is also poorly affected by Glu and Asp, known inhibitors of C(3) plants PEPCases. However, it is strongly inhibited by citrate. Orange fruit PEPCase phosphorylation by mammalian protein kinase A decreased inhibition by malate. The enzyme presents an unusual high molecular mass in the absence of PEP, while in its presence it displays a more common tetrameric arrangement. The overall properties of the enzyme suggest that it is suited for organic acid synthesis and NADH reoxidation in the mature fruit. The present study provides the first analysis of a recombinant fruit PEPCase. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  3. GUS gene expression driven by a citrus promoter in transgenic tobacco and 'Valencia' sweet orange Expressão do gene GUS controlado por promotor de citros em plantas transgênicas de tabaco e laranja 'Valência'

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    Fernando Alves de Azevedo

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this work was the transformation of tobacco and 'Valencia' sweet orange with the GUS gene driven by the citrus phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL gene promoter (CsPP. Transformation was accomplished by co-cultivation of tobacco and 'Valência' sweet orange explants with Agrobacterium tumefaciens containing the binary vector CsPP-GUS/2201. After plant transformation and regeneration, histochemical analyses using GUS staining revealed that CsPP promoter preferentially, but not exclusively, conferred gene expression in xylem tissues of tobacco. Weaker GUS staining was also detected throughout the petiole region in tobacco and citrus CsPP transgenic plants.O objetivo deste trabalho foi realizar a transformação de plantas de tabaco e laranja 'Valência' com o gene GUS controlado pelo promotor do gene da fenilalanina amônia-liase (PAL de citros (CsPP. Foi realizada transformação genética por meio do co-cultivo de explantes de tabaco e laranja 'Valência' com Agrobacterium tumefaciens que continha o vetor binário CsPP-GUS/2201. Após a transformação e a regeneração, a detecção da atividade de GUS por ensaios histoquímicos revelou que o promotor CsPP, preferencialmente, mas não exclusivamente, confere expressão gênica em tecidos do xilema de tabaco. Expressão mais baixa de GUS também foi detectada na região de tecido de pecíolo, em plantas transgênicas (CsPP de tabaco e laranja 'Valência'.

  4. Transcriptional profiling of genes involved in embryogenic, non-embryogenic calluses and somatic embryogenesis of Valencia sweet orange by SSH-based microarray.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ge, Xiao-Xia; Chai, Li-Jun; Liu, Zheng; Wu, Xiao-Meng; Deng, Xiu-Xin; Guo, Wen-Wu

    2012-10-01

    Somatic embryogenesis (SE) is a most promising technology that is used for in vitro germplasm conservation and genetic improvement via biotechnological approaches in citrus. Herein, three suppression subtractive hybridization (SSH) libraries were constructed using calluses of Citrus sinensis cv. 'Valencia' to explore the molecular mechanisms that underlie the SE in citrus. A total of 880 unisequences were identified by microarray screening based on these three SSH libraries. Gene ontology analysis of the differentially expressed genes indicated that nucleolus associated regulation and biogenesis processes, hormone signal transduction, and stress factors might be involved in SE. Transcription factors might also play an important role. LEC1/B3 domain regulatory network genes (LEC1, L1L, FUS3, ABI3, and ABI5) were isolated in citrus SE. Some new transcription factors associated with citrus SE, like a B3 domain containing gene and HB4, were identified. To understand the influence of these isolated genes on SE competence, their expression profiles were compared among callus lines of seven citrus cultivars with different SE competence. The expression dynamics suggested that these genes could be necessary for the SE initiation and might play a role in embryogenic competence maintenance in different cultivars. On the basis of gene expression profiles, an overview of major physiological and biosynthesis processes at different developmental stages during citrus SE is presented. For the first time, these data provide a global resource for transcriptional events important for SE in citrus, and the specific genes offer new information for further investigation on citrus SE maintenance and development.

  5. 'Valencia' sweet orange tree flowering evaluation under field conditions Avaliação do florescimento de laranjeiras valência em condição de campo

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    Rafael Vasconcelos Ribeiro

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Since citrus flowering is a key process in citriculture and its evaluation is often difficult due to the canopy structure and field sampling, the aim of this research was to give some directions regarding the evaluation of flowering in field-grown sweet orange plants. This study was conducted in a citrus orchard of sweet orange plants cv. 'Valencia' [Citrus sinensis (L. Osbeck] grafted on 'Cleopatra' mandarin (Citrus reshni hort. ex Tanaka or 'Rangpur' lime (Citrus limonia Osbeck rootstocks, with North-South orientation. Generative structures [buds, flowers and fruitlets (diameter O florescimento dos citros é um processo chave na citricultura e sua avaliação é dificultada devido à estrutura da copa e amostragem em campo. O objetivo desse artigo foi fornecer algumas indicações de como avaliar o florescimento de laranjeiras em condição de campo. Esse estudo foi conduzido em um pomar de laranjeiras 'Valência' [Citrus sinensis (L. Osbeck] enxertadas em tangerineira 'Cleópatra' (Citrus reshni hort. ex Tanaka ou limoeiro 'Cravo' (Citrus limonia Osbeck, com orientação Norte-Sul. As estruturas reprodutivas [botões florais, flores e frutos (diâmetro < 3 cm] foram quantificadas semanalmente entre agosto e novembro de 2005, utilizando guias de 1 m² posicionadas no terço médio da copa das plantas, amostrando aproximadamente um volume de 1 m³. As guias foram divididas em duas partes para que duas pessoas pudessem realizar as avaliações, e posicionadas nas orientações sudeste, sudoeste, nordeste e noroeste, em sete plantas. Alguns aspectos do florescimento dos citros foram avaliados: (i quantas plantas são necessárias para uma amostragem representativa do florescimento; (ii em qual orientação deve ser feita a medida e (iii qual volume da copa das plantas que deve ser amostrado. Ao se considerar os aspectos práticos da produção dos citros, um método rápido, simples e representativo é necessário para avaliar o florescimento

  6. Estimativa de produção de laranja valência pela adaptação de um modelo agrometeorológico Yield prediction of orange cultivar valencia through adaptation of an agrometeorological model

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    Adriana Novais Martins

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Foi avaliada a influência do fator hídrico (ER/EP e da produção do ano anterior (Yaa/Yp sobre a produção relativa de laranja, variedade Valência (Citrus sinensis Osbeck. enxertada sobre Limão Cravo. Foram considerados os estádios fenológicos de pré-florescimento, florescimento e pegamento dos frutos, em um modelo matemático agrometeorológico multiplicativo, que considera diferentes índices de sensibilidade (lambda. Foram utilizados dados meteorológicos, de produção e fenológicos de 14 anos (safras 1985/86 a 1998/99, de pomar situado na Fazenda Empreendimentos Agropecuários Cambuhy, localizada no município de Matão, SP. Os resultados indicaram melhor desempenho do modelo quando foram utilizados os períodos fenológicos de pré-florescimento no bimestre agosto/setembro, o florescimento em outubro/novembro e o pegamento dos frutos em dezembro/janeiro. A magnitude dos valores dos índices de sensibilidade apontou o estádio de florescimento (outubro/novembro como o mais sensível ao déficit hídrico. Na validação, do modelo obteve-se bom desempenho e as análises forneceram um coeficiente de determinação (R² de 0,81 e índice de concordância (Willmott de 0,95.The influence of the hydric factor influence and the previous year yield relative to the potential (Yaa/Yp, yield was evaluated for orange cultivar Valencia/Cravo (Citrus sinensis Osbeck. The stages of dormancy, flowering and fruit set were considered in a multiplicative mathematic agrometeorological model with different sensitive indices (lambda-values. Meteorological, phenological and crop yield data of an orchard in Matão, SP, Brazil, were analyzed. The obtained results indicated better performance of the model when the periods of dormancy were established in August - September, flowering in October - November and fruit set in December - January. The magnitude of the sensitive index values showed that flowering (Oct - Nov is the most sensitive period for water

  7. Taxonomy Icon Data: valencia orange [Taxonomy Icon

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available _sinensis_S.png Citrus_sinensis_NS.png http://biosciencedbc.jp/taxonomy_icon/icon.cgi?i=Citrus+sinensis&t=L ...http://biosciencedbc.jp/taxonomy_icon/icon.cgi?i=Citrus+sinensis&t=NL http://biosciencedbc.jp/taxonomy_icon/...icon.cgi?i=Citrus+sinensis&t=S http://biosciencedbc.jp/taxonomy_icon/icon.cgi?i=Citrus+sinensis&t=NS ...

  8. Teor de água no substrato de crescimento e fotossíntese em laranjeira ‘Valência’ Substrate water content and photosyntesis in ‘Valencia’ orange trees

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    EDUARDO CARUSO MACHADO

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Analisou-se a resposta da fotossíntese (A, transpiração (E, condutância estomática (g s, potencial da água na folha (Y, conteúdo relativo de água na folha (RWC, concentração interna de CO2 (Ci e eficiência do uso de água (WUE em laranjeiras ‘Valência’, sobre duas espécies de porta-enxertos, submetidas ao dessecamento do substrato de crescimento. As medidas foram feitas diariamente em laboratório (temperatura = 27 ± 1 oC, déficit de pressão de vapor = 1,5 ± 0,3 kPa e 700 mmol.m-2.s-1 de fluxo de fótons fotossinteticamente ativos, até que A atingisse valores próximos a zero, quando os vasos foram reirrigados. Em seguida, as mesmas variáveis foram medidas por mais quatro dias. Os valores de A e de Y praticamente não variaram com teores de água no substrato entre 24 e 15% e com RWC entre 90 e 80%. Todavia, g s começou a decrescer desde o início de a queda no RWC e abaixo de 18% no teor de água no substrato. Discute-se a possibilidade da resposta do estômato estar diretamente relacionada à variação do teor de água no substrato, via comunicação raiz-parte aérea. A relação A/E, isto é, WUE, apresentou uma tendência discreta de diminuir com a queda de g s, indicando que, sob estresse mais severo (YPhotosynthesis (A, transpiration (E, stomatal conductance (g s, leaf water potential (Y, leaf relative water content (RWC, internal CO2 concentration (Ci and water use efficiency (WUE have been evaluated in ´Valencia´ orange trees grafted on two rootstocks exposed to substrate desiccation. Daily measurements at the laboratory conditions (temperature = 27 ± 1oC, water vapor pressure 1,5 ± 0,3 kPa, and photon flux density = 700 mmol.m-2.s-1 have been made until A reached values near zero. After rehydration, the same variables above have been evaluated for additional four days. A and Y values have not varied within 24% and 15% of substrate water content and for RWC ranging from 90 and 80%. However, there has been a

  9. Application of orange essential oil as an antistaphylococcal agent in a dressing model

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    Muthaiyan Arunachalam

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Staphylococcus aureus is the pathogen most often and prevalently involved in skin and soft tissue infections. In recent decades outbreaks of methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA have created major problems for skin therapy, and burn and wound care units. Topical antimicrobials are most important component of wound infection therapy. Alternative therapies are being sought for treatment of MRSA and one area of interest is the use of essential oils. With the increasing interest in the use and application of natural products, we screened the potential application of terpeneless cold pressed Valencia orange oil (CPV for topical therapy against MRSA using an in vitro dressing model and skin keratinocyte cell culture model. Methods The inhibitory effect of CPV was determined by disc diffusion vapor assay for MRSA and vancomycin intermediate-resistant S. aureus (VISA strains. Antistaphylococcal effect of CPV in an in vitro dressing model was tested on S. aureus inoculated tryptic soya agar plate. Bactericidal effect of CPV on MRSA and VISA infected keratinocyte cells was examined by enumeration of extra- and intra-cellular bacterial cells at different treatment time points. Cytotoxic effects on human skin cells was tested by adding CPV to the keratinocyte (HEK001 cells grown in serum free KSFM media, and observed by phase-contrast microscope. Results CPV vapour effectively inhibited the MRSA and VISA strains in both disc diffusion vapour assay and in vitro dressing model. Compared to untreated control addition of 0.1% CPV to MRSA infected keratinocyte decreased the viable MRSA cells by 2 log CFU/mL in 1 h and in VISA strain 3 log CFU/mL reduction was observed in 1 h. After 3 h viable S. aureus cells were not detected in the 0.2% CPV treatment. Bactericidal concentration of CPV did not show any cytotoxic effect on the human skin keratinocyte cells in vitro. Conclusions At lower concentration addition of CPV to keratinocytes infected

  10. Valencia-Madrid / Jaan Elken

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Elken, Jaan, 1954-

    2009-01-01

    Jaan Elken oli Erasmuse programmi raames külalisloengutel Valencia polütehnilises instituudis. Valencia arhitektuurist, muuseumidest, näitusest "Valencia 09. Confines/Passages of Contemporary Arts" Valencia Kaasaegse Kunsti Instituudis, festivalist "PhotoEspana (PHE 09)" Madridis, saksa maalikunstniku näitusest "Gerhard Richter. Fotografias pintadas" ("Maalitud fotod"). Lühidalt hispaania skulptori Juan Muñoze näitusest Hispaania rahvusmuuseumi Reina Sofia kaasaegse kunsti keskuses, prantsuse maalikunstniku Henri Matisse'i näitusest Thyssen-Bornemiszas, hispaania maalikunstniku Joaquín Sorolla näitusest Prado muuseumis

  11. Nitrogênio, fósforo e potássio na nutrição e no crescimento de mudas de laranjeiravalência, enxertadas sobre limoeiro cravo Effect of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium levels on nutrition and production of seedlings of 'Valencia' sweet orange grafted on 'cravo' lemon rootstock

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    Renato de Mello Prado

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available O experimento foi conduzido em casa de vegetação telada na FCAV/Unesp campus Jaboticabal-SP, durante o período de novembro de 2005 a janeiro de 2007. Conduziu-se este estudo, com o objetivo de avaliar componentes do desenvolvimento e do estado nutricional de mudas de laranjeira Valência (Citrus sinensis Osbeck, enxertadas sobre limoeiro Cravo (Citrus limonia Osbeck, em função de doses de nitrogênio, fósforo e potássio. O delineamento experimental foi inteiramente casualizado, em esquema fatorial 3³ + 1, sendo 3 fatores (nitrogênio, fósforo e potássio - NPK, 3 doses e uma testemunha (sem adubação, com 3 repetições. A unidade experimental foi representada por uma muda de laranjeira por sacola com 5 dm³ com 2,5 kg de substrato casca de Pinus spp. e vermiculita. Os tratamentos foram constituídos pela metade, uma vez e duas vezes a dose padrão recomendada, de 4.590; 920 e 4.380 mg sacola-1, de N, P e K, respectivamente. As adubações com N e K foram realizadas via fertirrigações três vezes por semana e o P foi adicionado ao substrato antes do replantio das mudas. Aos 424 dias após o transplantio, as plantas foram subdivididas em raízes e parte aérea para determinação da massa da matéria seca, altura, área foliar, diâmetro do caule e conteúdo de nutrientes. A adubação com N, P e K proporcionou maior desenvolvimento e maior acúmulo desses macronutrientes na parte aérea e nas raízes das mudas de laranjeira Valência, sobre limoeiro Cravo. Houve adequado desenvolvimento das plantas com a metade da dose recomendada de N, P e K pela literatura, aproximadamente de 918, 184 e 876 mg dm-3, respectivamente.The experiment was carried out in greenhouse at the FCAV/Unesp, Jaboticabal-SP during the period of November 2005 to January 2007. The objective of this study was to evaluate development components and nutritional status of seedlings of 'Valencia' (Citrus sinensis Osbeck sweet orange grafted on 'Cravo' lemon rootstock

  12. Nitrogênio, fósforo e potássio na nutrição e na produção de mudas de laranjeira 'Valência', enxertada sobre citrumeleiro 'Swingle' Nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium on nutrition and production of seedlings of 'Valencia' orange

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renato de Mello Prado

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available O experimento foi conduzido em estufa telada na FCAV/Unesp Câmpus Jaboticabal-SP, durante o período de novembro de 2005 a janeiro de 2007. O estudo teve por objetivo avaliar componentes do desenvolvimento e do estado nutricional de mudas de laranjeira 'Valência', enxertada sobre citrumeleiro 'Swingle', cultivado em substrato, em função de doses de nitrogênio, fósforo e potássio. O delineamento experimental foi o inteiramente casualizado, em esquema fatorial 3³ + 1, sendo 3 fatores (nitrogênio, fósforo e potássio, 3 doses e uma testemunha (sem adubação, com 3 repetições. A unidade experimental foi constituída de uma muda de laranjeira por sacolas de 5 dm-3, contendo 2,5 kg de substrato casca de Pinus e vermiculita. Os tratamentos foram constituídos pela aplicação das seguintes doses de nutrientes em mg por dm³ de substrato: N1/2:459, N1:918 e N2:1836; P1/2:92, P1:184 e P2: 368; K1/2:438, K1:876 e K2:1752. Aos 424 dias após a semeadura, as plantas foram divididas em raízes e parte aérea para a determinação da massa da matéria seca, altura, área foliar, diâmetro do caule e conteúdo de nutrientes. As adubações com N, P e K proporcionaram maior crescimento e maior acúmulo de N, P e K na parte aérea e nas raízes das mudas de laranjeira, em substrato de casca de Pinus e vermiculita, em relação à testemunha. A dose de 459 mg dm-3 de N e as doses de P e K 184 e 876 mg dm-3, respectivamente, proporcionaram melhor crescimento da parte aérea das mudas; porém, na dose recomendada de N de 918 mg dm-3, ocorreu maior crescimento do sistema radicular.The experiment was led in a protected greenhouse in the FCAV/Unesp, Jaboticabal Campus -SP, during the period of November of 2005 to January of 2007. The study objective was to evaluate the development of components and the nutritional state of seedlings of 'Valencia' orange grafted on lemon tree citrumelo 'Swingle' rootstock, in function of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium

  13. Ingestão de seiva do xilema de laranjeiras 'Pêra' e 'Valência' (Citrus sinensis (L. Osbeck sadias e infectadas por Xylella fastidiosa, pelas cigarrinhas vetoras Oncometopia facialis e Dilobopterus costalimai (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae Xylem sap ingestion form healthy "Pera" and "Valencia" sweet orange (Citrus sinensis (L. Osbeck and infected ones by Xylella fastidiosa, Oncometopia facialis and Dilobopterus costalimai (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae

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    Luiz Henrique Montesino

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available Estudou-se o efeito da infecção pela bactéria Xylella fastidiosa, agente causal da Clorose Variegada dos Citros (CVC, sobre a taxa de ingestão de seiva do xilema de plantas cítricas por duas espécies de cigarrinhas vetoras (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae. Foram utilizados pés-francos de laranjeira-doce (Citrus sinensis das variedades 'Pêra' e 'Valência', infectadas por X. fastidiosa da linhagem 9a5c, por meio de inoculação mecânica. Os insetos utilizados nos experimentos foram coletados em campo, sendo um representante da Tribo Cicadellini (Dilobopterus costalimai e um da Proconiini (Oncometopia facialis. A taxa de ingestão de seiva do xilema por O. facialis foi quantificada nos ramos das plantas e a de D. costalimai nas folhas e ramos, por meio da avaliação do volume do líquido (honeydew excretado por unidade de tempo. O consumo pela cigarrinha O. facialis nas plantas doentes foi menor do que nas plantas sadias. Na variedade 'Pêra' doente, o consumo foi baixo, não permitindo a quantificação da seiva eliminada. Na 'Pêra' sadia e na 'Valência' doente e sadia, O. facialis apresentou valores expressivos de excreção, com maior alimentação no período diurno. Nas plantas sadias das duas variedades, o consumo pela cigarrinha D. costalimai foi maior do que nas plantas com CVC. Comparando-se as variedades, o consumo foi superior na variedade 'Valência', e, em relação às partes da planta, folha e ramo, a taxa de ingestão foi maior no ramo das duas variedades, apresentando consumo maior no período diurno.It was studied the effect of Xylella fastidiosa infection, causal agent of Citrus Variegated Chlorosis (CVC, on the xylem sap ingestion rate of citrus plants by two sharpshooters species (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae. Seedlings of sweet orange Pera and Valencia (Citrus sinensis were used and infected by X. fastidiosa, strain 9a5c, obtained by mechanical inoculation. The insects used in the experiments were collected in the field, one

  14. Produção, qualidade dos frutos e estado nutricional da laranja valência sob fertirrigação e adubação convencional Yield, fruit quality and nutritional status of valencia orange under fertigation and conventional fertilization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiza H. Duenhas

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi comparar os efeitos de doses de nitrogênio, fósforo e potássio aplicadas via água de irrigação em comparação à aplicação convencional de fertilizantes, com irrigação e sem irrigação. O experimento foi conduzido em um pomar de laranja 'Valência' (Citrus sinensis Osbeck localizado em Pratânia - SP, durante três anos consecutivos, e analisados os dados do último ano de observação. As diferentes formas de aplicação dos fertilizantes e a redução das doses fornecidas via água de irrigação não resultaram em diferenças significativas sobre o número médio de frutos e produtividade. Também não foram constatadas diferenças estatísticas dos tratamentos sobre a qualidade do suco e o estado nutricional das plantas, com exceção do teor de fósforo.The purpose of this study was to compare doses of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium applied through irrigation water and conventional fertilizer application, with and without irrigation. The experiment was carried out in a Valencia orange (Citrus sinensis Osbeck orchard in Pratania City, São Paulo State, Brazil, during three consecutive years. The data of the last year of observation were analysed. The different fertilizer application methods and the reduction of fertigation doses did not result in significative differences on the average number of fruits and productivily. Statistical differences of treatments on juice quality and plants nutritional status were not found, except leaf phosphorus.

  15. Mudas de laranjeira 'valência' sobre dois porta-enxertos e sob diferentes manejos de adubação 'Valencia' sweet orange nursery trees on two rootstocks under different fertilizer managements

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Augusto Girardi

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available O manejo da adubação é uma das principais práticas culturais para a produção de mudas cítricas em cultivo protegido. Avaliou-se o efeito de seis tipos de manejo das adubações comercialmente recomendadas na produção de mudas de laranjeira 'Valência' [Citrus sinensis (L. Osbeck] enxertada sobre os porta-enxertos limoeiro 'Cravo' (Citrus limonia Osbeck e citrumeleiro 'Swingle' [Citrus paradisi Macf. x Poncirus trifoliata (L. Raf.]. As avaliações foram conduzidas a partir da transplantação dos porta-enxertos até 180 dias após a enxertia, em viveiro empresarial, em Conchal-SP. Os manejos corresponderam a duas soluções de fertilizantes solúveis aplicadas isoladamente, soluções de fertilizante solúveis associadas a fertilizante de liberação controlada e aplicação exclusiva de fertilizante de liberação controlada. O delineamento experimental adotado foi o fatorial 2 x 6 (porta-enxerto x manejo da adubação, em blocos casualizados, com três repetições e 12 mudas na parcela. O limoeiro 'Cravo' induziu maior crescimento ao enxerto. O crescimento vegetativo das mudas foi similar após o uso de fertilizantes solúveis ou de liberação controlada, apesar da grande variação de quantidades totais de nutrientes fornecidas às plantas. Desta forma, o viveirista poderá optar pelo manejo mais econômico ou prático, conforme as condições locais.The fertilizer program is a major practice for screened citrus nursery tree production. The effect of six fertilizer programs commercially recommended was evaluated on the production of 'Valência' sweet orange [Citrus sinensis (L. Osbeck] nursery trees budded on rootstocks 'Rangpur' lime (Citrus limonia Osbeck and 'Swingle' citrumelo [Citrus paradisi Macf. x Poncirus trifoliata (L. Raf.]. Experimental work was carried out from rootstock transplant until 180 days after budding, in a citrus nursery in Conchal, SP, Brazil. Fertilizer managements consisted of two soluble fertilizers

  16. Fresh-Squeezed Orange Juice Properties Before and During In Vitro Digestion as Influenced by Orange Variety and Processing Method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mennah-Govela, Yamile A; Bornhorst, Gail M

    2017-10-01

    This study aims to analyze the influence of processing and orange variety on initial quality, antioxidant activity, total polyphenol content (TPC), and ascorbic acid content of fresh-squeezed orange juice during in vitro digestion. Fresh-squeezed orange juice was made from Fukumoto Navel, Lane Late Navel, Olinda Nucellar Valencia, and Campbell Valencia oranges, and was processed thermally and nonthermally. Antioxidant activity (FRAP and ABTS assays), TPC (Folin-Ciocalteu method), and ascorbic acid were analyzed before and after gastrointestinal digestion. Bioaccessibility was calculated by comparing the measured values after digestion with the initial value for each juice. Orange variety significantly influenced pH, acidity, and total soluble solids (P orange juice (16.0 ± 0.4 mM Trolox) than the other juices (range: 9.1 to 10 mM Trolox). TPC was significantly influenced by orange variety (P 0.05). However, antioxidant activity by ABTS and ascorbic acid bioaccessibility were significantly influenced by orange variety (P orange variety, harvest time, and processing method on initial quality parameters and antioxidant bioaccessibility. It is recommended that nutritional analysis of beverages take into consideration both the bioaccessibility of nutrients and the initial nutrient content of the beverage. These results can be used for juice processors to take into consideration the harvest season and produce variety to manufacture beverages with higher nutritional quality. © 2017 Institute of Food Technologists®.

  17. Investigation on Key Molecules of Huanglongbing (HLB)-Induced Orange Juice Off-flavor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kiefl, Johannes; Kohlenberg, Birgit; Hartmann, Anja; Obst, Katja; Paetz, Susanne; Krammer, Gerhard; Trautzsch, Stephan

    2017-03-27

    Orange fruits from huanglongbing (HLB)-infected trees do not fully mature and show a severe off-flavor described as bitter-harsh, metallic, and less juicy and fruity. The investigation of juice from HLB-infected (HLBOJ) and healthy control oranges (COJ) by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry showed higher concentrations of fruity esters, such as ethyl butyrate and ethyl 2-methylbutyrate, and soapy-waxy alkanals, such as octanal and decanal, in the COJ, whereas the HLBOJ showed higher concentrations of green aldehydes such as hexanal and degradation compounds of limonene and linalool such as α-terpineol. Application of aroma extract dilution analysis on terpeneless peel oil led to the identification of long-chained aldehydes such as (E,E)-2,4-decadienal, (Z)-8-tetradecenal, trans-4,5-epoxy-(E)-2-decenal, (Z)-4-decenal, and octanal with the highest flavor dilution factors among 25 odor-active volatiles in the peel oil of healthy oranges. Taste-guided fractionation and identification of the HLBOJ secondary metabolites followed by sensory validation revealed that flavanoids such as hesperidin may modulate the flavor to evoke the unacceptable harsh/metallic taste impression. Quantitation of the bitter components showed good correlation between the limonoid and flavanoid concentrations with the off-flavor and quality of the oranges obtained throughout the season.

  18. Orange Book

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Approved Drug Products with Therapeutic Equivalence (Orange Book or OB) is a list of drugs approved under Section 505 of the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act...

  19. Agrometeorological models for 'Valencia' and 'Hamlin' sweet oranges to estimate the number of fruits per plant Modelos agrometeorológicos para estimação do número de frutos por planta em laranjeiras 'Valência' e 'Hamlin'

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia Elisandra Pasqua Paulino

    2007-02-01

    Full Text Available The development of models that allow forecasting yield tendencies is important to all sectors of the citrus industry. This work evaluated the influence of meteorological variables in different phases of the crop cycle in order to propose empirical models to estimate the number of fruits per plant (NFP of 'Valencia' and 'Hamlin' sweet oranges. NFP sampling data from the citrus juice industry of the State of São Paulo, on the total of 15 harvests (1990/91 to 2004/05, classified into three age classes, and meteorological data of maximum and minimum air temperature and rainfall of Limeira, SP, Brazil, were utilized. Correlation coefficients were initially computed between the number of fruits per plant and each meteorological variable used for water balance and variables related to air temperature, in different periods. Linear multiple regression models were fit to describe the empirical relationship between NFP and the subsets of agrometeorological predictors that presented higher correlations in different phases of the crop cycle. The meteorological conditions during the phases of vegetative summer flush, pre-flowering, flowering and beginning of fruit growth influenced the number of fruits per plant. The proposed models presented adequate goodness-of-fit with determination coefficients varying from 0.72 to 0.87.O desenvolvimento de modelos para previsões de tendências de produtividade é de grande importância para todos os elos da cadeia produtiva de citros. Buscou-se avaliar a influência de variáveis meteorológicas, em diferentes fases do ciclo da cultura, para propor modelos empíricos para estimação do número de frutos por planta em laranjeira 'Valência' e laranjeira 'Hamlin'. Utilizaram-se dados amostrais, provenientes da indústria de suco paulista, de número de frutos por planta (NFP, em três classes de idade, referentes aos valores estimados anuais de produtividade, no total de 15 safras (1990/91 a 2004/05, e dados meteorol

  20. Efeito da tristeza em caracteres vegetativos, produtivos e industriais da laranjeira 'Valência' enxertada em híbridos segregando para tolerância Effect of the citrus tristeza disease on vegetative, productive and industrial characters of 'Valencia' sweet orange grafted onto hybrid rootstocks segregating for tolerance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rita Bordignon

    2003-01-01

    ólidos solúveis aumentou significativamente, 14% em média, nos híbridos intolerantes.The effect of the citrus tristeza disease caused by CTV on vegetative, productive, and industrial characters of the sweet orange 'Valencia' grafted onto seven hybrid progenies of full sibs segregating for tolerance was studied. The hybrids were originated from controlled crosses between the commercial rootstocks 'Davis A' Poncirus trifoliata (T, Sunki mandarin (S, 'São Paulo' sour orange (A and 'Limeira' Rangpur lime (C. Two sets of hybrids were studied. The first was formed by 298 individuals, from which 20 were T x S, 67 S x T, 98 S x A, 48 C x A, and 65 T x A. The second set had 1.243 hybrids, being 845 S x A, 240 A x S, 139 C x A, and 19 A x C. In the nursery, tristeza disease was responsible for 21% of death among the intolerant individuals, while among survivors transplanted to the field, an additional 13% died in a four-years period. Among the intolerant survivors in the field, tristeza reduced in four years rootstock diameter to 41%, scion diameter in 45%, and general vigor in 42%. Fruit weight was reduced in 22% in average. Yield was the most drastically affected character, being reduced to 41% in the first harvest, and up to 90% in the fifth harvest. Accumulated yields of five years were reduced 85% in the intolerant segregants among the different groups of hybrids. Productivity (yield/area of canopy was also intensely affected (46% indicating that the reduction in yield was proportionally more intense than the correspondent reduction in the vegetative growth. The relation between scion/rootstock diameters decreased 7% in the intolerant plants. Although small, it indicated that the vegetative growth of the tolerant canopies was more affected than the rootstocks, despite their intolerance. Little or no effect was detected on external peel color, juice outturn, and soluble solids/acids ratio. Acidity and soluble solids significantly increased at an average of 12 and 14

  1. Agent Orange

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-05-24

    Orange FA9550-07-1- 0235 Patricia Miller, Baron Johnson AFOSR 875 N Randolph Arlington, VA 22203 AFRL-SR-AR-TR-10-0123 Distribution A At the onset of...1 all the available engine power would be used to produce electrical power. Figure 1.2 was calculated assuming a maximum engine output of 1.5 Hp

  2. Variação sazonal da fotossíntese, condutância estomática e potencial da água na folha de laranjeira 'Valência' Seasonal variation of photosynthetic rates, stomatal conductance and leaf water potential in 'Valencia' orange trees

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Caruso Machado

    2002-03-01

    Full Text Available Em espécies perenes podem ocorrer variações nas taxas de trocas gasosas e nas relações hídricas em função da variação das condições ambientais, durante os diferentes meses do ano. Avaliaram-se, em laranjeira ´Valência´ enxertada sobre quatro espécies de porta-enxerto, mantida sem deficiência hídrica, as taxas de fotossíntese (A e de transpiração (E, a condutância estomática (g e o potencial da água na folha (psi f , medidos nos períodos da manhã (9h00 às 11h00 e da tarde (13h00 às 15h00 nos meses de janeiro, março e julho em Campinas - SP. As espécies de porta-enxertos não tiveram efeitos sobre as variáveis medidas. Independente do porta-enxerto A, g e Y f foram menores no período da tarde. A queda de A deve estar relacionada com a queda de g que diminuiu em resposta ao aumento do déficit de pressão de vapor entre o ar e a folha (DPVar-folha nos horários mais quentes do dia. Apesar de ocorrer fechamento parcial dos estômatos no período da tarde E foi similar ao período da manhã, devido ao aumento do DPVar-folha. Também observou-se queda em A e em g no sentido de janeiro para julho. Sugere-se que a queda em A e em g ocorrida em março em comparação a janeiro esteja relacionada à queda da atividade de crescimento da planta, afetando as relações fonte-dreno, visto que as condições ambientais nestes dois meses foram semelhantes. As quedas de A e de g observadas em julho, em relação à janeiro e março, parecem estar relacionadas tanto à queda na temperatura noturna quanto à queda na atividade de crescimento.Seasonal variation in environmental conditions may influence gas exchange rates as well as water relations in perennial species. This work was carried out to evaluate photosynthetic rates (A, transpiration (E, stomatal conductance (g and leaf water potential (psi f in 'Valencia' orange trees grafted on four different rootstocks. Measurements were made twice a day: from 9h00 to 11h00 a.m. and

  3. Eje urbano Moro Zeit, Valencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mifsut García, César D.

    2003-08-01

    Full Text Available In 1992 public Institutions thought about the recovery of Valencia Old Town. with an important built heritage and some of their quarters in a situation of deep social, economic and architectural degradation. Into that scene it was signed an Agreement between the City Council and Regional Government (RlVA, in order lo create Plan RIVA. This one outlines a series of social. economic, urban and architectural objectives lo improve the quality of the residents' life and lo attract new neighbours, lo energize trade and associations and lo preserve the existent built heritage. The Plan RI VA is rewarded in 1998 such as one of the 100 Best Practices, as a complete performance in the old town of Valencia. It’s continuous development along the years goes configuring environments that can be defined as finished. With this appellative they define areas that have finish ed their physical rehabilitation and their social and economic regeneration. As upgrade of the Plan already presented, u intends now the result of one of those completed areas, which is the Moro Zeit Urban Axis. The great scale urban renovation began in 1996 in the centre of the Barrio de Velluters, in the scene of the European operative program URBAN. 11is now completed with the realization of the proposed area, as an important artery 01 connection of this quarter with the rest of the historical centre. The initiative has required the coordination of all the agents interveners, public and private, with periodic meetings of different work groups that have adjusted the final quantitative and qualitative parameters .En 1992 las Instituciones Públicas se plantean la recuperación del Centro Histórico de Valencia, con un importan le patrimonio edificado y algunos de sus barrios en una situación de profunda degradación social, económica y arquitectónica, mediante la firma de un Convenio entre el Ayuntamiento y la Generalitat Valenciana (RIVA, creando el Plan RIVA. Éste plantea una

  4. Actuaciones en Ciutat Vella, Valencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiménez Alcañiz, César

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available The historical Valencia 's center -one of the biggest in Europe-was in a great urbanistic, architectonical, social and economical damage way al the begining of the last century. The urbanistic modifications realised in Valencia town al the end of the last century and al the begining of the new one, were carried out without a real knowledge of how to integrate the old town, with its gradual aging and also its gradual economical activity fall. AII those subjects were studied by the Stat e, Self-Governing and Local authorities when they decided lo begin the works lo recover the place, with the following and main purposes: lo regenerate the environment, lo recover the buildings, lo provide the necessary services lo the neighbours, offering them social programs as well as those concerning the improvement of their economical activity. Starting from this point, the Local and Self Governing Authorities signed, in 1998, an agreement in order to invest about 40.000 millions pesetas, amount who was increased with a country government 's help named "Planes de Vivienda" with the aim lo help the rehabilitation and the flats purchase. The combined action of different Governments and the promotion of the private initiative, was completed with the European help through FEDER funds, concerning the Operative Urban program in order lo recuperate the degradate districts. The collaboration of different Professional Associations, Architects College, Universities, Residents Associations, etc., was very important. Very remarkable is also the participation in all national or international forum , in order lo share experiences concerning the recuperation of historial town centres.El Centro Histórico de Valencia, que, por extensión, es uno de los mayores de Europa, se encontraba, al inicio de este último cuarto de siglo, en un franco proceso de deterioro urbanístico, arquitectónico, social y económico. Las reformas urbanas realizadas en la ciudad de Valencia, tanto a

  5. Differences between elemental composition of orange juices and leaves from organic and conventional production systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Turra, C.; Fernandes, E.A.N.; Bacchi, M.A.; Tagliaferro, F.S.; Franca, E.J.

    2006-01-01

    A comprehensive sampling of organic and conventional oranges was carried out in Bebedouro, an important citrus producing region of Brazil. The soils, leaves and fruits of the variety Valencia (Citrus sinensis [L.] Osbeck) budded on Rangpur lime (Citrus limonia Osbeck) were analyzed. The chemical characterization was accomplished by instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA). Indications for a difference between organic and conventional orange juices and leaves were obtained by applying univariate and multivariate statistical analysis. There were differences between samples for Br, Co, Cs, La and Rb from both systems. (author)

  6. Determination of volatile, phenolic, organic acid and sugar components in a Turkish cv. Dortyol (Citrus sinensis L. Osbeck) orange juice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelebek, Hasim; Selli, Serkan

    2011-08-15

    Orange flavour is the results of a natural combination of volatile compounds in a well-balanced system including sugars, acids and phenolic compounds. This paper reports the results of the first determination of aroma, organic acids, sugars, and phenolic components in Dortyol yerli orange juices. A total of 58 volatile components, including esters (nine), terpenes (19), terpenols (13), aldehydes (two), ketones (three), alcohols (four) and acids (eight) were identified and quantified in Dortyol yerli orange juice by GC-FID and GC-MS. Organic acids, sugars and phenolic compositions were also determined by HPLC methods. The major organic acid and sugar found were citric acid and sucrose, respectively. With regard to phenolics, 14 compounds were identified and quantified in the orange juice. Terpenes and terpenols were found as the main types of volatile components in Dortyol yerli orange juice. In terms of aroma contribution to orange juice, 12 compounds were prominent based on the odour activity values (OAVs). The highest OAV values were recorded for ethyl butanoate, nootkatone, linalool and DL-limonene. When we compare the obtained results of cv. Dortyol orange juice with the other orange juice varieties, the composition of Dortyol orange juice was similar to Valencia and Navel orange juices. Copyright © 2011 Society of Chemical Industry.

  7. Differentiation between Flavors of Sweet Orange (Citrus sinensis) and Mandarin (Citrus reticulata).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feng, Shi; Suh, Joon Hyuk; Gmitter, Frederick G; Wang, Yu

    2018-01-10

    Pioneering investigations referring to citrus flavor have been intensively conducted. However, the characteristic flavor difference between sweet orange and mandarin has not been defined. In this study, sensory analysis illustrated the crucial role of aroma in the differentiation between orange flavor and mandarin flavor. To study aroma, Valencia orange and LB8-9 mandarin were used. Their most aroma-active compounds were preliminarily identified by aroma extract dilution analysis (AEDA). Quantitation of key volatiles followed by calculation of odor activity values (OAVs) further detected potent components (OAV ≥ 1) impacting the overall aromatic profile of orange/mandarin. Follow-up aroma profile analysis revealed that ethyl butanoate, ethyl 2-methylbutanoate, octanal, decanal, and acetaldehyde were essential for orange-like aroma, whereas linalool, octanal, α-pinene, limonene, and (E,E)-2,4-decadienal were considered key components for mandarin-like aroma. Furthermore, an unreleased mandarin hybrid producing fruit with orange-like flavor was used to validate the identification of characteristic volatiles in orange-like aroma.

  8. PSIKOLOGI KORUPSI NOVEL ORANG-ORANG PROYEK KARYA AHMAD TOHARI

    OpenAIRE

    Farid Faruq; Saiful Anam

    2017-01-01

    This study aimed to obtain a description of personality (nature) can affect the behavior of corruption in the novel Orang-Orang Proyek. This research is a descriptive qualitative study using a novel approach to analyze the psychology of corruption. The data in this study are words, phrases, and sentences contained in the novel Orang-Orang Proyek. The main data sources are novel by Ahmad Tohari. Data collection method used in this research is to read the text repeatedly novel Orang-Orang Proye...

  9. Bibliotecas escolares en la provincia de Valencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    García Ferrer, Josep

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Aproximadamente en el curso 2006-2007, la Conselleria de educación homogeneizó la gestión de las bibliotecas escolares de los centros de enseñanza públicos a ella adscritos. Durante los cursos 2010/2011 y 2011/2012 todos los centros de secundaria con bachillerato de la provincia de Valencia fueron invitados a participar en un estudio sobre el uso, gestión, fondos y servicios de las bibliotecas de sus centros. Este estudio presenta los resultados de este estudio, con datos recogidos de casi 150 centros: tanto in situ, mediante visita personalizada; como mediante contacto telemático, fuera este telefónico o a través de la cumplimentación de un cuestionario en línea. Este estudio puede servir de base comparativa para otros proyectos similares que puedan realizarse en un futuro.

  10. Antonio Aliprandi, un estucador lombardo en la Valencia de 1700

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo González Tornel

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available En torno a 1700 aparecen en Valencia varios artistas extranjeros que residirán en la ciudad varios años dejando en ella un considerable volumen de obras. Uno de ellos, Antonio Aliprandi, se especializará en la factura de revestimientos de estuco para interiores principalmente eclesiásticos. En el presente texto se realiza un recorrido por las obras de Aliprandi en Valencia y se documentan varias de ellas hasta el momento sólo atribuidas a su mano.Around 1700 many foreign artists appear in Valencia where they will stand for several years leaving in our town quite a lot of handcrafts. One among them, Antonio Aliprandi, will specialize himself on recovering many buildings with stucco, mainly in churches. This text makes a journey along Aliprandi's art pieces in Valencia after working on files to find the documents refered to them.

  11. Caracterización mediante microsatélites de 34 accesiones de naranja Citrus sinensis L. Osbeck del Banco de Germoplasma de Corpoica-Palmira Genetic characterization using microsatellites of 34 accessions of the orange, Citrus sinensis L. Osbeck from the Germplasm bank of Corpoica-Palmira

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yacenia Morillo Coronado

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Se utilizaron 19 marcadores microsatélites para caracterizar 34 accesiones de naranja Citrus sinensis L. Osbeck del Banco de Germoplasma de la Corporación Colombiana de Investigación Agropecuaria (Corpoica-Palmira. Seis marcadores fueron polimórficos, los de mayor heterocigosidad fueron CCSM- 19 (0.4097 y CCSM-3 (0.3254. Se diferenciaron 33 accesiones y al 85% de similitud, con el índice de Nei-Li y el método de agrupamiento UPGMA, se conformaron cuatro grupos. En el primero se situaron dos accesiones blancas (Lerma y Valencia Olinda 2, en el segundo la mayoría de las blancas (Indian River, Valencia Olinda, Wialua, Lima Dulce, Pera del Río, St. Michael, Enterprise, Cafetera No. 1 junto con García Valencia y Navel (Lane Late, Valle Washington, New Hall y dos sanguinas (Rudy Blood, Moro Blood, en el tercero accesiones blancas (Joppa, Salerma, Cuban Queen, Rico, Galicia, Star Calyx, Valencia Cutter, Valencia Frost, Valencia Campbell y Valencia Variegado y una sola accesión sanguina (Morocco Blood. En el cuarto grupo se situaron dos accesiones blancas, (Jaffa y Valencia 1-D-E. Finalmente, la variedad Sanguinella no hizo parte de grupos. Con los marcadores microsatélites no se encontró relación entre los grupos genéticos, formación y las características morfológicas del grupo.To characterize 34 orange accessions Citrus sinensis L. Osbeck from the Germplasm bank Corpoica- Palmira, 19 microsatellite markers were used. Six markers were polymorphic; the highest heterozygosity was obtained by CCSM-19 (0.4097 and CCSM-3 (0.3254. Thirty-three accessions were differentiated; with 85% of similarity, Nei-Li´s index and the UPGMA clustering method were formed fi ve groups. In the first one, two accessions were white (Lerma and Valencia Olinda 2, in the second one most of the white (Indian River, Valencia Olinda, Wialua, Lima Dulce, Pera del Río, St. Michael, Enterprise, Cafetera No. 1, García Valencia and Navel (Lane Late, Valle Washington

  12. Operation Orange Street Resurfacing 2016

    Data.gov (United States)

    City of Jackson, Mississippi — Track Operation Orange Cone projects for 2016. “Operation Orange Cone” is an initiative launched in 2015 as part of the Yarber Administration’s push to address the...

  13. The Orange Feeling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kiib, Hans; Kiib, Birgitte Marling; Jespersen, Line Marie Bruun

    2017-01-01

    on analyses of a specific case, Roskilde Festival 2008 - 2012. The festival brands itself as an instant city with a specific atmosphere, ‘The Orange Feeling’, which is a very abstract term that encompasses the whole festival. The paper focuses on this term, and on important elements which constitute...

  14. Fasilitas Ekowisata Orang Utan di Samboja, Kaltim

    OpenAIRE

    Santoso, Hermawan

    2014-01-01

    Fasilitas ekowisata orang utan disamboja, Kalimantan Timur “ ialah fasilitas perjalanan wisata yang mengedepankan sisi edukasi dan konservasi untuk melestarikan hewan orang utan dikalimantan timur. Faktor – faktor yang mempengaruhi dibuatnya proyek ini adalah menurunya populasi orang utan dikalimantan dan maraknya pembantaian orang utan. Maraknya pembantaian orang utan dipicu adanya ketidaktahuan masyarakat akan betapa pentingnya hewan orang utan. masyarakat mempunyai salah presepsi terhadap ...

  15. ‘URS Campestre’ seedless orange: a new mutant with female sterility

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renar João Bender

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT: Seedlessness in fruit is a trait that is much sought after by juice making industries. Close to the city of São Sebastião do Caí, in the state of Rio Grande do Sul (RS, Brazil, a new mutant orange originating from natural mutation was identified and selected as a seedless material. To determine the mechanisms involved in the absence of seeds, the reproductive structures of this new mutant by comparison with a Valencia sweet orange as control, a cultivar with a profusion of seeds, was analyzed in terms of meiotic behavior, meiotic index, pollen viability, in vitro germination, and ovule features to determine the grounds for seed absence. Other morphological analyzes allowed for visualizing the structures of normal appearance and size in both cultivars. Meiotic analysis identified chromosome normal pairing with a predominance of bivalents at diakinesis and metaphase 1. URS Campestre flowers at different developmental stages had anthers and ovaries whose dimensions are typical while pollen grain analysis pointed to a standard developmental pattern, normal meiosis, high viability (84 % and elevated in vitro pollen tube germination rates (63 %. The cv. Valencia and URS Campestre ovules had a similar shape and morphology, sharing an anatropous orientation, and two integuments. In the internal ovule analyses of Valencia sweet oranges, normal embryo sac cells were identified: presence of one egg cell and two synergids, three antipodes and a bigger and central cell containing two polar nuclei. However, the analysis of ovules from URS Campestre reveals an apparent senescence or non-formation of an embryo sac, where only a few highly stained and collapsed cells could be identified. These results led to the conclusion that female sterility in URS Campestre, with a total absence of a female gametophyte, is the limiting factor for fertilization and seed production.

  16. Influencia de 46 porta-injertos para cítricos en la precocidad o retardo de maduración de la naranja "Frost valencia" (Citrus sinensis (L. Osbeck

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Caselles N. Álvaro A.

    1987-03-01

    Full Text Available Of 46 graft carrier influence in citrics on ripe precocity or retardation from "Frost Valencia" Citrus sinensis (L Osbeck was studied looking for to guaranter a fruit constant supply toward market. Graft carrier influence was tested in orange blosson, fruiting ripeness season. Stock influence to induce early intermediate or later blossoms was observed, related with period and intensity so them same ocurr. Stock influence on solubles solids content, juici volume, ripeness index, ripe fruit, mantenence on tree also was found . Early of later yields are feasible to obtain using trifoliado x Ruby Or (1437 and "Garcia Valencia" stock markedly, or which highly significant ripeness gains were found with "Frost Valencia" Orange respectively.Se estudió la influencia de los portainjertos para cítricos buscando la obtención de producciones tempranas o tardías para garantizar un suministro continuo de fruta fresca al mercado. Se analizó por espacio de dos años la influencia de los porta-injertos en el período de floración, fructificación y maduración de la naranja. Se observó influencia del patrón para inducir floraciones precoces, intermedias o tardías haciendo referencia al período de intensidad con que ocurren las mismas. También se encontró influencia del patrón en contenido de sólidos solubles, volumen de jugo, acidez, índice de marez y mantenimiento de la fruta madura en el árbol. Es posible obtener producciones tempranas o tardías con la utilización de los patrones trifoliados x Ruby Or (1437 Y García Valencia, sobre las cuales se encontró adelantos altamente significativos de maduración de la naranja "Frost Valencia" respectivamente.

  17. R-ALERGO. Rutas alergosaludables en Valencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael R. Temes Cordovez

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available El proyecto R-ALERGO, desarrollado entre la Universitat Politècnica de València y el Hospital Universitario La Fe, tiene como objetivo crear una aplicación móvil (App que permita a los/las usuarios/as seleccionar, dentro de la ciudad de Valencia, las rutas más favorables para las personas alérgicas. En el desarrollo de la aplicación se ha seleccionado un conjunto de nueve variables ambientales presentes en la ciudad, que pueden influir en la aparición de manifestaciones clínicas en las personas alérgicas. Mediante el uso de un método de análisis espacial apoyado en tecnología de redes y sistemas de información geográfica se ha desarrollado la versión 01 de la App que se audita a través del Distintivo AppSaludable. El paso siguiente en este desarrollo es diseñar un proceso de validación clínica con el fin de comprobar su utilidad para las personas alérgicas.

  18. Citric acid production from orange peel wastes by solid-state fermentation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana María Torrado

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Valencia orange (Citrus sinensis peel was employed in this work as raw material for the production of citric acid (CA by solid-state fermentation (SSF of Aspergillus niger CECT-2090 (ATCC 9142, NRRL 599 in Erlenmeyer flasks. To investigate the effects of the main operating variables, the inoculum concentration was varied in the range 0.5·10³ to 0.7·10(8 spores/g dry orange peel, the bed loading from 1.0 to 4.8 g of dry orange peel (corresponding to 35-80 % of the total volume, and the moisture content between 50 and 100 % of the maximum water retention capacity (MWRC of the material. Moreover, additional experiments were done adding methanol or water in different proportions and ways. The optimal conditions for CA production revealed to be an inoculum of 0.5·10(6 spores/g dry orange peel, a bed loading of 1.0 g of dry orange peel, and a humidification pattern of 70 % MWRC at the beginning of the incubation with posterior addition of 0.12 mL H2O/g dry orange peel (corresponding to 3.3 % of the MWRC every 12 h starting from 62 h. The addition of methanol was detrimental for the CA production. Under these conditions, the SSF ensured an effective specific production of CA (193 mg CA/g dry orange peel, corresponding to yields of product on total initial and consumed sugars (glucose, fructose and sucrose of 376 and 383 mg CA/g, respectively. These results, which demonstrate the viability of the CA production by SSF from orange peel without addition of other nutrients, could be of interest to possible, future industrial applications.

  19. Effect of Liberibacter infection (huanglongbing or "greening" disease) of citrus on orange juice flavor quality by sensory evaluation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plotto, Anne; Baldwin, Elizabeth; McCollum, Greg; Manthey, John; Narciso, Jan; Irey, Mike

    2010-05-01

    Some anecdotal reports suggest that infection of citrus trees with Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus (Las), the suspected causal agent of huanglongbing (HLB) disease, imparts off flavor to orange juice. It is of interest to the industry to know how Las infection affects juice quality with respect to cultivar, maturity, or processing method. Hamlin, Midsweet, and Valencia oranges were harvested over 2 y from trees that tested negative (Las-) or positive (Las+) for Las from different groves and included normal looking (nonsymptomatic) and symptomatic fruit (small, green, and lopsided) from Las+ trees. In the 1st year, fruit were manually juiced, while in the 2nd year, a commercial process was used. Juice from Las+ trees was compared to juice from Las- trees in difference-from-control tests, and by descriptive analysis. Results showed large variability due to tree, harvest date, and cultivar. Juice from Hamlin Las+ trees tended to be more bitter and sour than its Las- counterpart. In contrast, hand processed Valencia juice from Las+ trees was perceived to have some off-flavor and bitterness compared to control, but the following year, commercially processed Valencia juice from Las+ trees was perceived to be only slightly more sour than juice from Las- trees for the April harvest, and to be sweeter for the June harvest. When juice from individual replicates was pooled to be more representative of a commercial situation, there was no difference between Las+ and Las- juice in Valencia. Trained panel differences were noted for juice from Hamlin Las+ fruit, especially for symptomatic fruit. Assumptions that juice made from oranges harvested from Huanglongbing (from infection with Liberibacter sp.) affected trees is off-flavored appeared to be generally more true for Hamlin juice than for Midsweet or Valencia, especially for Hamlin juice made from symptomatic fruit. For Midsweet and Valencia, flavor differences between juice made from fruit harvested from diseased or

  20. Citrus sinensis annotation project (CAP: a comprehensive database for sweet orange genome.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jia Wang

    Full Text Available Citrus is one of the most important and widely grown fruit crop with global production ranking firstly among all the fruit crops in the world. Sweet orange accounts for more than half of the Citrus production both in fresh fruit and processed juice. We have sequenced the draft genome of a double-haploid sweet orange (C. sinensis cv. Valencia, and constructed the Citrus sinensis annotation project (CAP to store and visualize the sequenced genomic and transcriptome data. CAP provides GBrowse-based organization of sweet orange genomic data, which integrates ab initio gene prediction, EST, RNA-seq and RNA-paired end tag (RNA-PET evidence-based gene annotation. Furthermore, we provide a user-friendly web interface to show the predicted protein-protein interactions (PPIs and metabolic pathways in sweet orange. CAP provides comprehensive information beneficial to the researchers of sweet orange and other woody plants, which is freely available at http://citrus.hzau.edu.cn/.

  1. Multielement determination in orange juice by ICP-MS associated with data mining for the classification of organic samples

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christian Turra

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to discriminate organic from conventional orange juice based on chemical elements and data mining applications. A comprehensive sampling of organic and conventional oranges was carried out in Borborema, state of São Paulo, Brazil. The fruits of the variety Valencia (Citrus sinensis (L. Osbeck budded on Rangpur lime (Citrus limonia Osbeck were analyzed. Eleven chemical elements were determined in 57 orange samples grown in organic and conventional systems. In order to classify these samples, data mining techniques (Support Vector Machine (SVM and Multilayer Perceptron (MLP were combined with feature selection (F-score and chi-squared. SVM with chi-squared had a better performance compared with the other techniques because it reached 93.00% accuracy using only seven chemical components (Cu, Cs, Zn, Al, Mn, Rb and Sr, and correctly classified 96.73% of the samples grown in an organic system.

  2. Presencia del endemismo Jasione mansanetiana en la provincia de Valencia

    OpenAIRE

    Alba Villegas, Salvador; Laguna Lumbreras, Emilio

    2008-01-01

    Se cita por primera vez el endemismo vegetal Jasione mansanetiana R. Roselló & Peris para la provincia de Valencia, frente a las poblaciones anteriormente conocidas, situadas todas en la de Castellón. Se han localizado al menos 100 individuos adultos, creciendo en afloramientos calcáreos y suelos arenosos a una altitud aproximada de 730-790 m. This is the first citation for Jasione mansanetiana R. Roselló & Peris on the province of Valencia, whereas all the populations previously known are...

  3. Brioflora del parque natural de la Albufera de Valencia

    OpenAIRE

    Gimeno, C.; Puche, Fernando

    1995-01-01

    [ES] Se ha confeccionado el catálogo de los táxones recolectados dentro de los límites del Parque Natural de la Albufera de Valencia, así como los citados en la bibliografía. Incluye un total de cuarenta y ocho briófitos de los cuales treinta y siete son musgos y once hepáticas. [EN] In this work a list of bryophytes from Albufera de Valencia Natural Park (SE Spain) is given, with 48 taxa, 37 mosses and 11 liverworts.

  4. Un asesinato en la Valldigna (Valencia, 1492

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barceló, Carmen

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available In 1492, a fatal robbery was committed in a small village in the Kingdom of Valencia. This article analyses the statements of the witnesses to a confession of this crime that were recorded in an Arabic document. The document provides evidence for the application of sharī'a law among Muslims in a territory that was no longer part of an Islamic state - in this case, the meting out of punishments for blood crimes. The survival of the document as part of the case file of the Christian court that adjudicated the case shows that the Valencian justice system considered valid documents produced by a Muslim judge, by a court clerk or by a notary. Moreover, these decisions were provided in Arabic without translation. This practice, confirmed by other evidence, differed from the contemporary legal norms in Aragon, Castile and Granada, a phenomenon that has not been studied until now.

    En este artículo se analiza un documento árabe que contiene la declaración de los testigos de una confesión de robo con asesinato cometido en un pequeño territorio de señorío valenciano en 1492. El análisis del documento permite a la autora situar en un contexto espacial y temporal concreto la aplicación de la šarī'a al castigo de delitos de sangre entre los súbditos musulmanes de un estado no islámico. La conservación del texto como parte del proceso sustanciado ante un tribunal cristiano indica que la justicia penal valenciana daba validez a documentos redactados por un juez, por un escribano o por un notario musulmán, sin traducirlos. Esta práctica, confirmada por otros muchos testimonios, difiere de la que estuvo en vigor en Aragón, Castilla y Granada, y ha pasado prácticamente desapercibida hasta el momento presente.

  5. Effects of organic fertilisation on sweet orange bearing trees

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roccuzzo, Giancarlo; Torrisi, Biagio; Canali, Stefano; Intrigliolo, Francesco

    2010-05-01

    In a study realised over a five year period (2001-2006) on orange bearing trees [Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck] cv. ‘Valencia late', grafted on sour orange (C. aurantium L.), four fertiliser treatments were applied: citrus by-products compost (CB), poultry manure (PM), livestock waste compost (LW) and mineral fertiliser (MF), as control. The trees, with the exception of MF treatment, were organically grown since 1994 in the experimental farm of CRA-ACM in Lentini, Sicily, and received the same N input every year. The research objectives were to evaluate the effect of long term repeated organic fertilisers application on i) soil fertility; ii) citrus bearing trees nutritional status by means of leaf analysis and iii) yield and fruit quality, determining parameters currently utilized to evaluate sweet orange production either for fresh consumption and processing. The CB treatment showed significantly higher values of Corg in soil than MF treatment (about 30%). Corg in PM and LW treatments was higher than MF treatment (13% and 20%, respectively), but these differences were not statistically significant either from the control treatment nor from the soil fertilised with CB. Similar trend was showed by the humic and fulvic C being the values of the CB treatment significantly higher than the control. PM and LW treatments had intermediate values, without statistical significance. The long term addition to soil of a quality compost (CB) with high C/N ratio increased the level of nutrients wich usually show low availability for citrus plants (P, Fe, Zn, Mn), as demonstrated by leaf analysis. No significant difference was noticed as far as yield was concerned, whereas CB treatment enhanced some fruit quality parameters.

  6. Chemical characterization of orange juice from trees infected with citrus greening (Huanglongbing).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dagulo, Lilibeth; Danyluk, Michelle D; Spann, Timothy M; Valim, M Filomena; Goodrich-Schneider, Renée; Sims, Charles; Rouseff, Russell

    2010-03-01

    The effects due to Candidatus Liberibacter infection, commonly called citrus greening or Huanglongbing (HLB), on volatile and nonvolatile components of orange juices, OJ, were examined using GC-MS and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). HLB symptomatic, asymptomatic, and control "Hamlin" and "Valencia" oranges were harvested from December to May during the 2007 to 2008 harvest season. Brix/acid levels in control and asymptomatic juices were similar but symptomatic juices were as much as 62% lower than control juices. No bitter flavanone neohesperidosides were detected and polymethoxyflavone concentrations were well below bitter taste thresholds. Limonin concentrations were significantly higher (91% to 425%) in symptomatic juice compared to control but still below juice bitterness taste thresholds. Juice terpenes, such as gamma-terpinene and alpha-terpinolene, were as much as 1320% and 62% higher in symptomatic juice than control. Average ethyl butanoate concentrations were 45% lower and average linalool was 356% higher in symptomatic Valencia OJ compared to control. Symptomatic Valencia OJ had on average only 40% the total esters, 48% the total aldehydes, and 33% as much total sesquiterpenes as control juice. Total volatiles between control and symptomatic juices were similar due to elevated levels of alcohols and terpenes in symptomatic juice. There were no consistent differences between asymptomatic and control juices. The chemical composition of juice from HLB/greening symptomatic fruit appears to mimic that of juice from less mature fruit. The reported off-flavor associated with symptomatic juices probably stem from lower concentrations of sugars, higher concentrations of acid as all known citrus bitter compounds were either below taste thresholds or absent.

  7. Biochemical characterization of blood orange, sweet orange, lemon, bergamot and bitter orange.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moufida, Saïdani; Marzouk, Brahim

    2003-04-01

    This paper reports on the composition of aroma compounds and fatty acids and some physico-chemical parameters (juice percentage, acidity and total sugars) in five varieties of citrus: blood orange, sweet orange, lemon, bergamot and bitter orange. Volatile compounds and methyl esters have been analyzed by gas chromatography. Limonene is the most abundant compound of monoterpene hydrocarbons for all of the examined juices. Eighteen fatty acids have been identified in the studied citrus juices, their quantification points out that unsaturated acids predominate over the saturated ones. Mean concentration of fatty acids varies from 311.8 mg/l in blood orange juice to 678 mg/l in bitter orange juice. Copyright 2003 Elsevier Science Ltd.

  8. PSIKOLOGI KORUPSI NOVEL ORANG-ORANG PROYEK KARYA AHMAD TOHARI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Farid Faruq

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to obtain a description of personality (nature can affect the behavior of corruption in the novel Orang-Orang Proyek. This research is a descriptive qualitative study using a novel approach to analyze the psychology of corruption. The data in this study are words, phrases, and sentences contained in the novel Orang-Orang Proyek. The main data sources are novel by Ahmad Tohari. Data collection method used in this research is to read the text repeatedly novel Orang-Orang Proyek, collect any data relating to the focus of the study, after carrying out the classification. Data analysis technique is done by data identification, data reduction, data display, data interpretation, describe the results of the analysis, and draw conclusions. While the results of this study are as followsdescription of personalitycovetousness/greed and consumptive lifestyles nature conducted by figures such novel Dalkijo and their families can lead to corruption. This means that there is influence, greed / avarice as well as the nature of the consumer lifestyle on corruption.

  9. [R-ALERGO. Allergy-healthy routes in Valencia].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Temes Cordovez, Rafael R; Moya Fuero, Alfonso; Martí Garrido, Jaume; Perales Chordá, Carolina; Díaz Palacios, Miguel; Hernández Fernández de Rojas, Dolores

    2016-01-01

    R-ALERGO is a project developed by researchers from the Universitat Politècnica de València and the Hospital Universitario La Fe (Valencia, Spain). The main objective of the project is to create a mobile application identifying, within the city of Valencia, the most favorable routes for allergic individuals. The application is developed using nine environmental variables with a potential effect on the development of clinical manifestations in allergic individuals. The application combines the use of spatial analysis based on network technology and implemented with a geographic information system software. The first 01 version is under evaluation for a Healthy app hallmark. The next step in this project is to design a clinical validation process to test its usefulness in allergic individuals. Copyright © 2015 SESPAS. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  10. Characterization dosimetry of applicators Valencia using different techniques; Caracterizacion dosimetrica de los aplicadores Valencia mediante diferentes tecnicas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ferrer Garcia, C.; Huertas, C.; Huerga Cabrerizo, C.; Corredoira Silva, E.; Serrada Hierro, A.

    2013-07-01

    Valencia applicators, connected to a charging system deferred micro Selectron-HDR (Elekta-Nucletron), are used for treating small skin lesions, being an alternative to treatments with electron beams or orthovoltage equipment of X ray. These applicators are a modification of Leipzig applicators, consisting of a flatter filter, which flattens the dose distribution in the area of treatment [1,2]. In the present study are considered applicators with diameters of 2 and 3 cm (VH2 and ht5), with the parallel to the treatment area source. Due to the electronic pollution on the walls of the applicator, treatments are performed with a plastic cap. In this study are commissions Valencia applicators, checking the various options proposed in the literature. (Author)

  11. Composting plant of sewage sludges in Calles, Valencia (Spain); Planta de compostaje de fangos en la localidad de Calles (Valencia)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Morenilla Martinez, J. J.; Bernacer Bonora, I.; Jimenez Sanchez, J.; Zorrilla Soriano, F.; Manuelcandela, V.

    2000-07-01

    This article explains the operation of the composting plant of muds of residual waters in the location of Calles, in Valencia. Through the composting, the sludge is transformed in wet material. This process is developed by aerobic thermopile fermentation of the organic fraction of the muds. The composting is a biological process aerobic and thermopile by decomposition of organic waste in solid phase and in controlled conditions. (Author)

  12. El beneficio eclesiástico en la ciudad de Valencia (primera mitad del siglo XV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carbonell Boria, Maria José

    1998-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes all the benefices in the city of Valencia, together with their dedication, founders and those who were engaged with them.[fr] Dans ce travail on analyse l'organization de cette institution avec l'indication de leur localisation dans la ville de Valencia, ses advocations, ses fondateurs et ceux qui l'ont joui.

  13. El beneficio eclesiástico en la ciudad de Valencia (primera mitad del siglo XV)

    OpenAIRE

    Carbonell Boria, Maria José

    1998-01-01

    This paper describes all the benefices in the city of Valencia, together with their dedication, founders and those who were engaged with them.[fr] Dans ce travail on analyse l'organization de cette institution avec l'indication de leur localisation dans la ville de Valencia, ses advocations, ses fondateurs et ceux qui l'ont joui.

  14. Church and convent of San Lorenzo (Valencia, former site of the franciscan province of St. Joseph to Valencia, Aragón and Balearics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Albert Ferrer Orts

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This study deals with the ancient temple of San Lorenzo in the city of Valencia, its art-historical over eight centuries and also the convent annex vicissitudes in the last century welcomed the Franciscans and served as headquarters Valencia, Aragon and the Balearic Islands. As recently it has been closed and it is expected to return to practice church as a parish.

  15. Estudio de viabilidad de una residencia de estudiantes en Valencia

    OpenAIRE

    GARCIA MORAGON, SARA

    2011-01-01

    Trabajo científico técnico. El objetivo principal de este estudio es demostrar la viabilidad de la promoción y construcción de una Residencia de Estudiantes Universitaria Mixta en Valencia. El estudio se realiza sobre un solar concreto próximo a las Universidades. Para ello se analiza la situación económica actual, la oferta del mercado educativo de la zona, el entorno y la ubicación de la nueva Residencia, la normativa que afecta, etc. Garcia Moragon, S. (2011). Estudio de viabilidad de u...

  16. El monumento a Cervantes en Valencia obra de Mariano Benlliure

    OpenAIRE

    Heras Esteban, Helena de las

    2005-01-01

    El Monumento a Cervantes erigido en Valencia tuvo su origen en la conmemoración del III Centenario de la publicación de El Quijote. La obra escultórica creada por Mariano Benlliure constituye un doble homenaje al genial escritor y al inmortal personaje, y una simbiosis formal de realismo e impresionismo. Al cumplirse el IV Centenario rememoramos aquel homenaje y sus vicisitudes y señalamos algunas de las diferentes representaciones escultóricas inspiradas en la figura del escritor y su obra e...

  17. Vivienda intergeneracional + Centro de barrio en la Malvarrosa, Valencia

    OpenAIRE

    MARTÍN-MACHO SANCHEZ DE ROJAS, ANTONIO

    2015-01-01

    Se proyecta un espacio residencial en el barrio de la Malvarrosa, en Valencia. La parcela se encuentra delimitada por la Calle del Padre Antón Martín y la Avenida de la Malvarrosa en dirección norte-sur, y por la Avenida de los Naranjos en dirección este-oeste. Este espacio edificado tiene por objeto la creación de viviendas intergeneracionales, que den cabida a la agrupación de viviendas de diferentes necesidades. Por otro lado, este espacio contará con una serie de dotaciones que potenciará...

  18. Orange Peels and Fresnel Integrals

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bartholdi, Laurent; Henriques, A.G.

    2012-01-01

    Cut the skin of an orange along a thin spiral of constant width and place it flat on a table. A natural breakfast question, for a mathematician, is what shape the spiral peel will have when flattened out. We derive a formula that, for a given cut width, describes the corresponding spiral’s shape.

  19. Quarantine treatment to Ceratitis capitata (Wied., 1824) (Diptera: Tephritidae) in orange fruits (Citrus sinensis)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Albergaria, Nuno Miguel Mendes Soares de

    2005-01-01

    This work was carried out to evaluate the effect of thermal treatments (vapour heat and hot water) and irradiation on Ceratitis capitata eggs and larvae (first, second and third instars), in 'Valencia' oranges; the relation between temperature and exposition time to vapour heat and hot water on fruit fly immature; the relation among the different doses of radiation on fruit fly immature and evaluate the effect of the treatments (thermal treatments and irradiation) on the chemical composition of the fruits. It was evaluated the heat absorption and loose of heat by the fruit. For thermal treatments it was used temperatures of 44 and 46 deg C for 15,30,60, 90 and 120 minutes and a control. For irradiation were used the doses: 10,20, 30, 40, 50, 100, 150 and 200 Gy. By the results obtained it is possible to conclude that: to the control of eggs and larvae (first, second and third instars) the treatment with vapour heat was less efficient than the hot water treatment; the thermal treatments of C. capitata eggs and larvae (first and second and third instars) can be recommended with vapor heat at 46 deg C at 152.2 minutes or with hot water at 46 deg C at 84.8 minutes, achieving the quarantine request; third instar larvae are more tolerant to the thermal and irradiation treatments; the treatment with irradiation can be recommended for quarantine treatment of ali immature stages evaluated with the dose of 72.88 Gy; the dose of 50 Gy causes sterility to the adults emerged from ali immature stages irradiated; treatments do not cause any change in the chemical proprieties in the orange fruits var. 'Valencia'. (author)

  20. Sunki mandarin and Swingle citrumelo as rootstocks for rain-fed cultivation of late-season sweet orange selections in northern São Paulo state, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Augusto Girardi

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT In Brazilian regions affected by the citrus sudden death disease, sweet orange cultivation depends on the use of resistant rootstocks. Rangpur lime was mainly replaced by Swingle citrumelo and Sunki mandarin rootstocks, more drought-sensitive ones. The diversification of scion selections is also desirable aiming at the increasing demand for not from concentrate orange juice (NFC that requires high-quality fruits. In this work, we evaluated the performance of 6 selections of Valencia (IAC, Dom João, Late Burjasot IVIA 35-2, Rhode Red SRA 360, Temprana IVIA 25 and Campbell and Natal IAC sweet oranges grafted onto Swingle citrumelo and Sunki mandarin. The planting occurred in 2001 under rain-fed cultivation in Bebedouro, northern São Paulo state, Brazil. The outline was made through randomized blocks in a 7 × 2 factorial design (selections × rootstock, with 4 replications and 2 trees in unit. Both rootstocks performed well in the region. Sunki mandarin rootstock induced greater tree size and production per plant to the scion selections, 38 and 21%, respectively, plus higher precocity of production compared to Swingle citrumelo. The later determined a greater productive efficiency, as well as a greater percentage of juice in general, albeit with lower concentrations of soluble solids and acidity. Natal IAC, Valencia IAC and Rhode Red Valencia selections presented a higher accumulated production, on average, 218.6 kg∙plant−1 (2004 – 2008, and a higher productive efficiency (kg fruit∙m−3 of canopy due to their smaller tree size. All assessed selections produced fruits with high soluble solids content that were suitable for juice processing.

  1. Effects of gamma irradiation on nucellar callus production of the Valencia sweet orange (Citrus Sinensis Osb.) in vitro

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pasqual, M.; Ando, A.

    1990-01-01

    Nucelli extracted from developing fruits with twelve weeks after pollination were cultured in vitro, on MS medium supplemented (in mg/l) by: thiamine H Cl 0.2; piroxidine H Cl 1.0; nicotinic acid 1.0; meso inositol 100; malt extract; sucrose 50.000; and agar 8.000 with ph = 5.7. The irradiation at 0.0; 0.5; 1.0; 2.0; 4.0; 8.0; and 12.0 kR doses was applied on, only medium, only nucellus, and medium and nucellus together. Irradiation of only nucellus and both nucellus and medium, at the same time, showed similar effects. Low doses of irradiation (until 2 kR) decrease the number of differential embryoids. The irradiation of culture medium, mainly at high doses, increases callus proliferation. (author)

  2. Análisis de la mortalidad en ciudades: resultados en Valencia y Alicante Mortality surveillance in cities: results in Valencia and Alicante [Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreu Nolasco

    2004-02-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos: Describir los patrones de mortalidad, general y por causas específicas seleccionadas, en Valencia y Alicante; establecer las diferencias internas por distritos, y evaluar los cambios en la magnitud de estas desigualdades en el tiempo. Métodos: Las defunciones ocurridas en residentes en las ciudades de Valencia y Alicante durante los períodos 1990-1992 y 1996-1998 se asignaron a los distritos municipales de residencia. La comparación entre los períodos de estudio o entre ciudades se ha realizado a través del riesgo relativo estimado mediante regresión de Poisson. Se calculó la razón comparativa de mortalidad (RCM según los 17 grandes grupos de la Clasificación Internacional de Enfermedades (9.ª revisión. Por distritos se han calculado en cada período de estudio las tasas ajustadas por el método directo, la razón de mortalidad estandarizada (RME, la razón de años potenciales de vida perdida (RAPVP y la esperanza de vida al nacimiento. Resultados: Los riesgos de muerte por todas las causas disminuyen del primer al segundo período tanto en varones, como en mujeres en ambas ciudades. La esperanza de vida aumenta significativamente en ambas ciudades en los varones, y en Valencia en las mujeres. La ciudad de Valencia presenta un mayor riesgo de muerte en ambos períodos. Algunos grupos de causas de muerte aumentan (grupos 5 y 6, que incluyen trastornos mentales y enfermedades del sistema nervioso y órganos de los sentidos. Por distritos, se observa una mayor variabilidad en Valencia --donde destacan los distritos 1 y 11 con un elevado riesgo de mortalidad-- que en Alicante. Conclusiones: El proceso de vigilancia de la mortalidad interna, por distritos, es reproducible. En la ciudad de Valencia existen diferencias en la mortalidad que se mantienen en el tiempo. La ciudad de Alicante presenta una menor variabilidad interna en sus indicadores de mortalidad.Objectives: To describe mortality patterns, in general and by

  3. Orange fiber laser for ophthalmology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adachi, M.; Kojima, K.; Hayashi, K.

    2007-02-01

    For the light source of photocoagulators for ophthalmology, orange laser is more suitable than green laser because of low scattering loss by the crystalline lens, and low absorption by xanthophylls in the retina. We developed two orange fiber lasers (580 nm and 590 nm) to investigate the effect depending on the difference in the range of orange. The 580nm laser is composed of a 1160 nm fiber laser and a Periodically Polled Lithium Niobate (PPLN) crystal for second harmonic generation. The 1160 nm fiber laser beam is focused into the MgO-doped PPLN crystal whose length is 30 mm with 3-pass configuration. Continuous-wave 1.3 W output power of 580 nm was obtained with 5.8 W input power of 1160nm for the first time. The conversion efficiency was 22%. The band width of the second harmonic was 0.006 nm (FWHM). The 590 nm laser is almost the same as 580 nm laser source. In this case we used a Raman shift fiber to generate 1180 nm, and the output power of 590 nm was 1.4 W. We developed an evaluation model of photocoagulator system using these two laser sources. A 700 mW coagulation output power was obtained with this orange fiber laser photocoagulator system. This is enough power for the eye surgery. We have the prospect of the maintenance-free, long-life system that is completely air-cooled. We are planning to evaluate this photocoagulator system in order to investigate the difference between the two wavelengths at the field test.

  4. Ukraine’s Orange Revolution

    OpenAIRE

    Seyyed Ali Mortazavi Emami; Seyyed Javad Emamzadeh; Hosein Harsij; Hosein Masoudnia

    2013-01-01

    Color revolution is one of the new ways of changing a regime at the beginning of the twenty-first century, which has usually been carried out on corrupt, political systems remaining from the Cold War era in Eastern European countries and countries that have become independent from the former Soviet Union and through such revolution a new peaceful form of political power transition emerged. An exploration of the circumstances of Ukraine’s Orange Revolution suggests foreigners’ support and lead...

  5. Smos Land Product Validation Activities at the Valencia Anchor Station

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopez-Baeza, Ernesto

    ABSTRACT Soil moisture is a key parameter controlling the exchanges between the land surface and the atmosphere. In spite of being important for weather and climate modeling, this parameter is not well observed at a global scale. The SMOS (Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity) Mission was designed by the European Space Agency (ESA) to measure soil moisture over continental surfaces as well as surface salinity over the oceans. Since 2001, the Valencia Anchor Station is currently being prepared for the validation of SMOS land products, namely soil moisture content and vegetation water content. The site has recently been selected by the Mission as a core validation site, mainly due to the reasonable homogeneous characteristics of the area which make it appropriate to undertake the validation of SMOS Level 2 land products during the Mission Commissioning Phase, before attempting more complex areas. Close to SMOS launch, ESA has defined and designed a SMOS V alidation Rehearsal C ampaign P lan which purpose is to repeat the Commissioning Phase execution with all centers, all tools, all participants, all structures, all data available, assuming all tools and structures are ready and trying to produce as close as possible the post-launch conditions. The aim is to test the readiness, the ensemble coordination and the speed of operations, and to avoid as far as possible any unexpected deficiencies of the plan and procedure during the real C ommissioning P hase campaigns. For the rehearsal activity, a control area of 10 x 10 km2 has been chosen at the Valencia Anchor Station study area where a network of ground soil moisture measuring stations is being set up based on the definition of homogeneous physio-hydrological units, attending to climatic, soil type, lithology, geology, elevation, slope and vegetation cover conditions. These stations are linked via a wireless communication system to a master post accessible via internet. The ground soil moisture stations will also be used

  6. Educational Hospital Units of Valencia community: a case study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina PORTOLÉS SOLER

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available The functioning and organization of an educational hospital unit of Valencia is described, through observation, field diary and documental analysis (during February to May 2016. Also, it is designed and implemented an educational project through the story The zebra Camila for students of early childhood education hospitalized in the Pediatric Oncology Service. In the project LOMCE objectives are followed, in addition to the Hospital Pedagogy objectives themselves; 12 educational units are proposed, covering all curricular areas of early childhood education, with a variety of activities and resources that can be adapted to the different educational needs of students who are included. Teachers, the kind of students, the areas of activity, methodology and teaching resources are very diverse and are based on health services.

  7. Characteristics of gender violence at the University of Valencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco González Sala

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The present study attempted to determine the prevalence of gender-based violence at the University of Valencia, the victim profile, resources, and beliefs about violence in the university community. The sample consisted of 3404 participants from the research and teaching staff, the administration and services personnel, and students. The results suggest an incidence of gender violence of 20.03%. The victim profile is a women student who is childless, at a perceived slight or moderate risk, who does not go to the police, but who experiences psychological repercussions from gender violence. In total, 86.99% of participants believe that the university has a gender violence service available and that action protocols and prevention programs have been implemented. Between 25% and 40% do not consider controlling behaviour and psychological abuse to constitute domestic violence. Gender violence prevention programs should be implemented.

  8. Model Uncertainties for Valencia RPA Effect for MINERvA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gran, Richard [Univ. of Minnesota, Duluth, MN (United States)

    2017-05-08

    This technical note describes the application of the Valencia RPA multi-nucleon effect and its uncertainty to QE reactions from the GENIE neutrino event generator. The analysis of MINERvA neutrino data in Rodrigues et al. PRL 116 071802 (2016) paper makes clear the need for an RPA suppression, especially at very low momentum and energy transfer. That published analysis does not constrain the magnitude of the effect; it only tests models with and without the effect against the data. Other MINERvA analyses need an expression of the model uncertainty in the RPA effect. A well-described uncertainty can be used for systematics for unfolding, for model errors in the analysis of non-QE samples, and as input for fitting exercises for model testing or constraining backgrounds. This prescription takes uncertainties on the parameters in the Valencia RPA model and adds a (not-as-tight) constraint from muon capture data. For MINERvA we apply it as a 2D ($q_0$,$q_3$) weight to GENIE events, in lieu of generating a full beyond-Fermi-gas quasielastic events. Because it is a weight, it can be applied to the generated and fully Geant4 simulated events used in analysis without a special GENIE sample. For some limited uses, it could be cast as a 1D $Q^2$ weight without much trouble. This procedure is a suitable starting point for NOvA and DUNE where the energy dependence is modest, but probably not adequate for T2K or MicroBooNE.

  9. Sedimentation on the Valencia Continental Shelf: Preliminary results

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maldonado, Andres; Swift, Donald J. P.; Young, Robert A.; Han, Gregory; Nittrouer, Charles A.; DeMaster, David J.; Rey, Jorge; Palomo, Carlos; Acosta, Juan; Ballester, A.; Castellvi, J.

    1983-10-01

    Preliminary analysis of data collected during the course of a cooperative Spanish-United States investigation of the Valencia Shelf (western Mediterranean) reveals a storm-dominated, mud-accumulating sedimentary regime. Calcareous mud is accumulating seaward of a narrow band of shoreface sand and gravel. On the outer shelf the mud is enriched by a pelagic calcareous component. Preliminary 210Pb data from vertical profiles of box cores yield nominal accumulation rates from 2.6 mm y -1 near the Ebro Delta to 1.3 mm y -1 on the southern portion of the Valencia Shelf. Storm-current winnowing has resulted in the development of a biogenic lag sand over the mid-shelf mud in the northern part of the study area. Piston cores reveal a basal Holocene sand and gravel facies similar to that presently seen on the inner shelf. Upward-fining sequences on the central and outer shelf are inferred to result from the landward shift of lithotopes during the course of the Holocene transgression. These sequences are locally repeated, perhaps as the consequence of brief, local interludes of coastal progradation. Application of a diagnostic circulation model suggests that intense, downwelling coastal flows occur during winter northeastern storms. Storm activity has induced erosional shoreface retreat during the course of the Holocene transgression and has generated by this means the basal coarse facies observed in the piston cores. In the central part of the study area seaward of the Albufera Lagoon, the mud blanket thins to a layer several centimeters thick which is draped over a thickened (10 m) basal sand. The basal sand is molded into northwest trending ridges. The data are not sufficient to determine whether these are overstepped barriers, or submarine sand ridges formed by storm flows during the shoreface retreat process.

  10. Plan director red de abastecimiento de agua potable en la localidad de Gestalgar (Valencia)

    OpenAIRE

    HERRERA AGUILAR, MANUEL JOSÉ

    2011-01-01

    El objeto de este proyecto es definir las características técnicas necesarias para aumentar la eficiencia de las redes de alta de suministro de agua potable en la localidad de Gestalgar (Valencia) Herrera Aguilar, MJ. (2011). Plan director red de abastecimiento de agua potable en la localidad de Gestalgar (Valencia). http://hdl.handle.net/10251/12468. Archivo delegado

  11. PLAN DE EMPRESA PARA UN RESTAURANTE "FAST GOOD" EN LA CIUDAD DE VALENCIA

    OpenAIRE

    Orta Martínez, María del Carmen

    2012-01-01

    El objeto del presente proyecto es la realización de un plan de empresa para un restaurante en la ciudad de Valencia. La comida que ofrecerá el restaurante estará basado en el concepto gastronómico Fast Good. Orta Martínez, MDC. (2011). PLAN DE EMPRESA PARA UN RESTAURANTE "FAST GOOD" EN LA CIUDAD DE VALENCIA. http://hdl.handle.net/10251/14589. Archivo delegado

  12. Soil erosion after forest fires in the Valencia region

    Science.gov (United States)

    González-Pelayo, Óscar; Keizer, Jan Jacob; Cerdà, Artemi

    2014-05-01

    Soil erosion after forest fire is triggered by the lack of vegetation cover and the degradation of the physical, biological and chemical properties (Martí et al., 2012; Fernández et al., 2012; Guénon, 2013). Valencia region belongs to the west Mediterranean basin ("Csa", Köppen climate classification), with drought summer periods that enhance forest fire risk. The characteristics of the climate, lithology and land use history makes this region more vulnerable to soil erosion. In this area, fire recurrence is being increased since late 50s (Pausas, 2004) and post-fire erosion studies became more popular from 80's until nowadays (Cerdá and Mataix-Solera, 2009). Research in Valencia region has contributed significantly to a better understanding of the effect of spatial and temporal scale on runoff and sediment yield measurements. The main achievements concerns: a) direct measurement of erosion rates under a wide range of methodologies (natural vs simulated rainfall, open vs closed plots); from micro- to meso-plot and catchment scale in single (Rubio et al., 1994; Cerdà et al., 1995; Cerdà 1998a; 1998b; Llovet et al., 1998; Cerdà, 2001; Calvo-Cases et al., 2003; Andreu et al., 2001; Mayor et al., 2007; Cerdà and Doerr, 2008) and multiples fires (Campo et al., 2006; González-Pelayo et al., 2010a). Changes in soil properties (Sanroque et al., 1985; Rubio et al., 1997; Boix-Fayós, 1997; Gimeno-Garcia et al., 2000; Guerrero et al., 2001; Mataix-Solera et al., 2004; González-Pelayo et al., 2006; Arcenegui et al., 2008; Campo et al., 2008; Bodí et al., 2012), in post-fire vegetation patterns (Gimeno-García et al., 2007) and, studies on mitigation strategies (Bautista et al., 1996; Abad et al., 2000). b) Progress to understanding post-fire erosion mechanism and sediment movement (Boix-Fayós et al., 2005) by definition of thresholds for sediment losses; fire severity, slope angle, bedrock, rain characteristics, vegetation pattern and ecosystem resilience (Mayor

  13. HMF formation and colour change of bitter orange and sweet orange jams during storage

    OpenAIRE

    Kopjar, Mirela; Đurkan, Ivana; Piližota, Vlasta

    2010-01-01

    In this work influence of preparation on 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) and colour of bitter orange jams and sweet orange jams was investigated. Samples were prepared without and with treatment of oranges with ascorbic acid in order to investigate the influence on prevention of browning in jams. Samples were stored for 365 days at 4 °C and at room temperature and formation of HMF and colour change during storage were measured. After jam preparation bitter orange jams had higher HMF content tha...

  14. The dependence of orange-red IRSL decay curves of potassium feldspars on sample temperature

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fattahi, Morteza

    2004-01-01

    This paper presents the effects of stimulation temperature on the infrared stimulated orange-red (600-650 nm) luminescence emission (orange-red infrared simulated luminescence (IRSL)) in potassium feldspar. Investigations explore the relationship between initial (0-2 s), integral (0-100 s), net initial (0-2 s less background over 2 s), net integral (0-100 s less background over 100 s) and last 2 s of the orange-red IRSL signals obtained for 100 s versus stimulation temperature (20-460 degree sign C) on both unpreheated and preheated samples. In the potassium feldspar sample examined, competition effects, including thermal enhancement, depletion and possibly quenching affect the orange-red IRSL signals measured. Observed effects (e.g., thermal enhancement, thermal activation energy and the decay rate) over the temperature range 20-120 degree sign C may be explained by tunnelling luminescence processes, IR transitions to the conduction band following excitations from ground state of electron trap by acquiring thermal energy from the lattice and or the random-walk band-tail model. Preheating prior to orange-red IRSL and Thermoluminescence (TL) measurements provides evidence that there are both shallow and deep traps responsible for low- and high-temperature orange-red IRSL and TL peaks. The effects of both preheating and IR bleaching on the orange-red thermally stimulated luminescence (red emission during thermoluminescence, RTL) provide evidence that bleached RTL traps have no significant contribution in the production of orange-red IRSL signals

  15. Photostability of Natural Orange-Red and Yellow Fungal Pigments in Liquid Food Model Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mapari, Sameer Shamsuddin; Meyer, Anne S.; Thrane, Ulf

    2009-01-01

    an enhanced photostability of fungal pigment extracts compared to the commercially available natural colorants Monascus Red and turmeric used as controls. Yellow components of the orange-red fungal pigment extract were more photostable than the red components. Chemistry of the photodegradation of the orange...

  16. Interactive Network Exploration with Orange

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miha Štajdohar

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Network analysis is one of the most widely used techniques in many areas of modern science. Most existing tools for that purpose are limited to drawing networks and computing their basic general characteristics. The user is not able to interactively and graphically manipulate the networks, select and explore subgraphs using other statistical and data mining techniques, add and plot various other data within the graph, and so on. In this paper we present a tool that addresses these challenges, an add-on for exploration of networks within the general component-based environment Orange.

  17. The Tethys Rifting of the Valencia Trough Basin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Viñas, Marina; Ranero, César R.; Cameselle, Alejandra L.

    2017-04-01

    The western Mediterranean submarine realm is composed of several basin inferred to be formed by a common geodynamic process: upper plate extension during slab rollback of a retreating subduction zone. Although the time evolution of the geometry of the trenches is debated, all models assume that basins opened sequentially from NW (Gulf of Lions) towards the SE (Ligurian-Provençal and later Tyrrhenian basins) and SW (Valencia Trough and later Algerian-South Balearic and Alboran Basin) as trenches migrated. Basin opening history is key to reconstruct kinematics of slab retreat preferred in each model. However, the deep structure of basins is inadequately known due to the paucity of modern wide-angle and multichannel reflection seismic studies across entire systems, and absence of deep drilling in the deep-water regions of the basins, as a result, much of the opening evolution is inferred from indirect evidence. In the Valencia Trough Basin (VTB), drilling and vintage seismic data provide good knowledge of the shallow geology of the basin. However, crustal-scale information across the entire VTB has been limited to two studies (Figure 1): One in the late 80's (Valsis experiment) with three Expanded Spread Profiles that yielded local 1D velocity/depth models used to constrain 2D gravity modeling, and a few multichannel seismic profiles along the Iberian shelf and across segments of the basin. A second study in the early 90's (ESCI experiment) collected a low-resolution deep-penetration multichannel seismic reflection profile across the basin and a coincident wide-angle seismic line with numerous land stations in Iberia but a handful of widely-spaced Ocean Bottom Seismometers. In the absence of modern detailed crustal structure, the origin and evolution of the VTB is still debated. Industry multichannel seismic reflection profiles cover the SW segment of the VTB. This is a region where the basin sea floor is comparatively shallower and has numerous industry wells

  18. Neutron activation analysis of thin orange pottery

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Harbottle, G; Sayre, E V; Abascal, R

    1976-01-01

    The evidence thus far obtained supports the idea of ''Thin Orange'' ware, typical of classic Teotihuacan culture, easily identifiable petrographically or chemically, not necessarily made at Teotihuacan itself but widely traded, and ''thin, orange'' pottery, fabricated in many other places, and perhaps at other times as well.

  19. Neutron irradiation breeding of antibiotics and orange

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zhang Bufa; Lin Xuefeng; Zhang Jiafu

    1985-01-01

    14 MeV neutron beam was used to irradiate gentamycin, medemycin and orange. The yield antibiotics increased by 3% to 20% after irradiation; by irradiation of orange seed, pollen and branch improvement of rate of germination, fruit seed number and scion survival rate were observed and a number of new variety were developed by mutation

  20. Neutron activation analysis of thin orange pottery

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Harbottle, G.; Sayre, E.V.; Abascal, R.

    1976-01-01

    The evidence thus far obtained supports the idea of ''Thin Orange'' ware, typical of classic Teotihuacan culture, easily identifiable petrographically or chemically, not necessarily made at Teotihuacan itself but widely traded, and ''thin, orange'' pottery, fabricated in many other places, and perhaps at other times as well

  1. Vocal behaviour of Orange River Francolin Scleroptila ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Fieldwork to study the vocal behaviour of Orange River Francolin Scleroptilia levaillantoides was conducted on a farm in the Heidelberg district, Gauteng province, South Africa, during August 2009 to March 2011. Orange River Francolins possess a basic repertoire of seven calls and one mechanical sound. From 83 ...

  2. SANGRE: VALENCIAS CULTURALES E IDENTIDADES JUVENILES EN EL CONTEXTO COLOMBIANO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Víctor Julio Restrepo

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available En el artículo se tematizan las valencias culturales de la sangre como una de las voces del cuerpo con las que se asigna socialmente identidad a los/las jóvenes en el contexto colombiano mediante procesos de eufemización y exaltación que conducen a comportamientos considerados como positivos o negativos por la comunidad en general. Se pretende mostrar cómo un hecho biológico se transforma simbólicamente en uno cultural a partir de los temores que provoca la irrupción de la naturaleza, la potencia de traer vida a la vida y la acción masificadora y alienante de los medios de comunicación. También se busca, a partir de la descripción de un ritual de iniciación indígena con el que se celebra la primera menstruación y con la descripción de algunos comportamientos e imágenes que confluyen en escenarios urbanos masivos, sensibilizar a los/las jóvenes sobre algunas propuestas culturales de lo femenino y de lo masculino que les ofrecen sus sociedades, con el fin de reflexionar críticamente en una eventual transformación.

  3. Effect of Abscission Zone Formation on Orange (Citrus sinensis) Fruit/Juice Quality for Trees Affected by Huanglongbing (HLB).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baldwin, Elizabeth; Plotto, Anne; Bai, Jinhe; Manthey, John; Zhao, Wei; Raithore, Smita; Irey, Mike

    2018-03-01

    Orange trees affected by huanglongbing (HLB) exhibit excessive fruit drop, and fruit loosely attached to the tree may have inferior flavor. Fruit were collected from healthy and HLB-infected (Candidatus liberibacter asiaticus) 'Hamlin' and 'Valencia' trees. Prior to harvest, the trees were shaken, fruit that dropped collected, tree-retained fruit harvested, and all fruit juiced. For chemical analyses, sugars and acids were generally lowest in HLB dropped (HLB-D) fruit juice compared to nonshaken healthy (H), healthy retained (H-R), and healthy dropped fruit (H-D) in early season (December) but not for the late season (January) 'Hamlin' or 'Valencia' except for sugar/acid ratio. The bitter limonoids, many flavonoids, and terpenoid volatiles were generally higher in HLB juice, especially HLB-D juice, compared to the other samples. The lower sugars, higher bitter limonoids, flavonoids, and terpenoid volatiles in HLB-D fruit, loosely attached to the tree, contributed to off-flavor, as was confirmed by sensory analyses.

  4. STRATEGI COPING ORANG TUA MENGHADAPI ANAK AUTIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Desi Sulistyo Wardani

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Autis merupakan grey area dibidang kedokteran, yang artinya masih merupakan suatu hal yang penyebab, mekanisme, dan terapinya belum jelas benar. Permasalahan yang dihadapi oleh orang tua yang mempunyai anak autis ini memerlukan pemecahan sebagai upaya untuk beradaptasi terhadap masalah dari tekanan yang menimpa mereka. Konsep untuk memecahkan masalah ini disebut coping. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui orientasi strategi coping yang digunakan oleh orang tua untuk menghadapi anak penderita autis, bagaimana bentuk perilaku coping yang digunakan, dan apa dampak perilaku coping tersebut bagi orang tua. Subjek penelitian ini adalah orang tua yang mempunyai anak autis yang bersekolah di SD PLUS Harmony. Metode pengumpulan data yang digunakan adalah interview, sedangkan teknik analisis data yang digunakan adalah analisis induktif deskriptif. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa strategi coping pada orang tua yang mempunyai anak autis berorientasi pada penyelesaian masalah yang dihadapi (Problem Focused Coping, sedangkan bentuk perilaku coping yang muncul yaitu Instrumental Action yang termasuk dalam Problem Focused Coping dan Self-Controlling, Denial, dan Seeking Meaning yang termasuk dalam Emotion Focused Coping. Dampak positif dari perilaku coping yang dilakukan oleh orang tua yaitu Exercised Caution dan Seeking Meaning, sedangkan dampak negatif yang muncul diatasi orang tua dengan Intropersitive, Negotiation, dan Accepting Responbility.

  5. [Acceptability of human papillomavirus vaccine in mothers from Valencia (Spain)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Navarro-Illana, P; Caballero, P; Tuells, J; Puig-Barberá, J; Diez-Domingo, J

    2015-11-01

    In October 2008, Valencian Community started its human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination schedules for 14 year-old girls. The aim of this study is to assess knowledge about HPV infection and its vaccine among the mothers of these girls, and to identify factors associated with the willingness to vaccinate their daughters. Cross-sectional study by means of a questionnaire to mothers of girls born in 1995, and attending secondary schools in the province of Valencia during 2010-2011. Cluster stratified random sample (n=1279). percentages, confidence intervals, OR, Chi-squared and multivariate logistic regression contrasts. A total of 833 (65.1%) questionnaires were completed. The results obtained showed that, 76.6% of mothers had vaccinated their daughters against HPV; 93.8% knew about the vaccine, particularly through television (71.5%); and 78.5% received positive advice from a health professional which increased the vaccination of their daughters (OR: 2.4). There was low overall knowledge about HPV infection and vaccination. Confidence of the mothers in vaccines as a preventative method increases the HPV vaccination (OR: 3.8). The first reason for refusal was the fear of adverse events (45.6%). Apparently, the media does not influence the willingness to vaccinate. It would be desirable to minimize the perception of risk of the vaccine. Positive health advice from a health professional can have a positive effect on vaccination. There is a gap between the level of knowledge and decision-making to vaccinate. Copyright © 2014 Asociación Española de Pediatría. Published by Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  6. Drivers for human papillomavirus vaccination in Valencia (Spain).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Navarro-Illana, Pedro; Navarro-Illana, Esther; Vila-Candel, Rafael; Díez-Domingo, Javier

    2017-07-12

    To describe the drivers associated with HPV vaccination in adolescent girls and their parent's opinion on the vaccine. We conducted an observational and cross-sectional study on adolescent girls and their parents in Valencia (Spain), between September 2011 and June 2012. A consultation was made at a random sample of schools of the 14-year-old girls that should have received the vaccine in the free vaccination programme. We ran a personal survey on knowledge and attitudes regarding HPV infection and the vaccine. A binary logistic regression model was performed to determine which factors were most associated with vaccination. The survey was run on a binomial of 1,278 girls/mothers in 31 schools, to which 833 girls and their mothers responded (64.0%). The factors associated with vaccination were: country of origin of the families (adjusted OR [aOR]: 0.49; 95% confidence interval [95%CI]: 0.24-0.98), civil status of the parents (aOR: 0.33; 95%CI: 0.13-0.81), knowledge/beliefs about the vaccine when the source of information was the nurse (aOR: 1.83; 95%CI: 1.01-3.35), information source about the vaccine (aOR: 2.32; 95%CI: 1.37-3.92), preventive health centre visits (aOR: 2.1; 95%CI: 1.10-4.07), and nurse advice (aOR: 6.6; 95%CI: 3.19-13.56). The main factor associated with HPV vaccination was the advice of health professionals. Therefore, the most effective interventions to improve vaccination coverage should focus on health professionals. Copyright © 2017 SESPAS. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  7. Traceability of Functional Bioactive Compounds in Fresh and Pasteurized Milk Obtained from Goats Fed with Orange Pulp

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Simona Chiş

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Traceability is the ability to identify and trace the history, distribution, location, and application of products, parts, and materials. A traceability system records and follows the trail as products, parts, and materials come from suppliers and are processed and ultimately distributed as end products (Prache et al, 2002. In this work, were studied the bioactive compounds (total vitamin C, ascorbic acid, total phenols, flavonoids, carotenoids, vitamin A and vitamin E and antioxidant activity of goat fresh milk and pasteurized one. The goats were fed with a standard diet (control diet and then with a diet that incorporates orange pulp. The control diet (CD corresponded with a standard ration (a ration wich provide the energetic and proteic values, daily food for milking animals. From that ration, the Department of Animal Science, from Politechnic University of Valencia replaced the different proportions of the ingredients for incorporating orange pulp diet (OPD. The results of the present study show that the citrus pulp silage mixture used can be fed to goats without any negative effects on the performance of the animals. Results of this study indicate that citrus pulp silage can replace part of the conventional ration of goats, thus lowering the cost of production. The first aim of this study was to compare the two types of goat diets: a standard diet and a diet with orange pulp, by analyzing the bioactive compounds in fresh and pasteurized milk. The results demonstrate that all the bioactive compounds are bigger in the orange pulp diet than in the control diet. The second objective of this study was to analyze the bioavailability and traceability of bioactive compounds in fresh milk. 

  8. ANÁLISIS DEL SECTOR HOTELERO DE LUJO. EL CASO DEL HOTEL THE WESTIN VALENCIA

    OpenAIRE

    ESTÉVEZ SEBASTIÁN, PEDRO

    2014-01-01

    El presente trabajo fin de carrera se basa en el estudio y análisis del Hotel The Westin Valencia. Para ello nos hemos basado, por una parte, en el estudio del hotel localizado en Valencia, desde distintos puntos de vista y, por otra parte, en el impacto y el posicionamiento de la marca y del grupo hotelero al que pertenece, en el sector hotelero de lujo. En primer lugar, realizaremos una breve introducción en la que trataremos el impacto y posicionamiento del grupo hotelero objeto de estu...

  9. [Epidemiological and virological studies into the poliomyelitis in Valencia (1959-1969)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Báguena Cervellera, María José

    2009-01-01

    Studies into the polio virus began in Valencia in 1959 with the work undertaken by the microbiologist Vicente Sanchis-Bayarri Vaillant. After his education at the Rochester University and at the Pasteur Institute, Sanchis-Bayarri Vaillant established a laboratory of cell cultures at the Faculty of Medicine in Valencia, where he developed a new diagnostic technique for the poliomyelitis virus. In addition, epidemiological studies were carried out both prior to and post the 1963 vaccination campaign, which proved that Sabin's oral vaccine was both effective and safe for use.

  10. El producto turístico shopping en la ciudad de Valencia. Propuesta de una estrategia

    OpenAIRE

    Ciudad Soto, Marta Belén

    2014-01-01

    El objetivo de este proyecto es analizar la estructura del turismo de shopping, con la ciudad de Valencia como contexto. Este tipo de turismo está experimentando un gran auge debido sobre todo a las nuevas economías emergentes, las cuales centran sus miradas en Europa. Por ello, el trabajo se centra en analizar las principales características del turismo de shopping, así como las infraestructuras con las que cuenta la ciudad de Valencia para su acogida. The objective of this project is to ...

  11. Female guppies use orange as choice cue: a manipulative test ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Female guppies from a feral South African population respond sexually to more orange males in correlative trials. We impaired the female's ability to use orange elements of male colour patterns by conducting choice trials under orange light. Under orange light, there was no relationship between male colour pattern and ...

  12. 21 CFR 146.141 - Canned orange juice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Canned orange juice. 146.141 Section 146.141 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) FOOD FOR... Beverages § 146.141 Canned orange juice. (a) Canned orange juice is the food prepared from orange juice as...

  13. 21 CFR 146.137 - Frozen orange juice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Frozen orange juice. 146.137 Section 146.137 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) FOOD FOR... Beverages § 146.137 Frozen orange juice. (a) Frozen orange juice is orange juice as defined in § 146.135...

  14. Mexican Fan Palm - Orange Co. [ds350

    Data.gov (United States)

    California Natural Resource Agency — This dataset provides the known distribution of Mexican fan palm (Washingtonia robusta) in southern Orange County. The surveys were conducted from May to June, 2007...

  15. Veterans and agent orange: update 2000

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Division of Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Staff; Institute of Medicine, Committee to Review the Health Effects in Vietnam Veterans of Exposure to Herbicides

    2001-01-01

    Veterans and Agent Orange: Update 2000 examines the state of the scientific evidence regarding associations between diseases and exposure to dioxin and other chemical compounds in herbicides used in Vietnam...

  16. Arundo Distribution - Orange Co. [ds348

    Data.gov (United States)

    California Department of Resources — This dataset provides the known distribution of Arundo (Arundo donax) in southern Orange County. The surveys were conducted from May to June, 2007 and were funded by...

  17. Pampas Grass - Orange Co. [ds351

    Data.gov (United States)

    California Department of Resources — This dataset provides the known distribution of pampas grass (Cortaderia selloana) in southern Orange County. The surveys were conducted from May to June, 2007 and...

  18. HMF formation and colour change of bitter orange and sweet orange jams during storage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mirela Kopjar

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available In this work influence of preparation on 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF and colour of bitter orange jams and sweet orange jams was investigated. Samples were prepared without and with treatment of oranges with ascorbic acid in order to investigate the influence on prevention of browning in jams. Samples were stored for 365 days at 4 °C and at room temperature and formation of HMF and colour change during storage were measured. After jam preparation bitter orange jams had higher HMF content than sweet orange jams (231 mg/kg and 58.3 mg/kg, respectively. Treatment of oranges with ascorbic acid increased formation of HMF during preparation of jams (261 mg/kg and 95 mg/kg for bitter and sweet orange jams. During storage the same tendency was observed. Also, difference in colour between sweet and bitter orange jams was observed. The highest colour change was observed in bitter orange jams (ΔE* = 5.66 with addition of ascorbic acid. In this work the importance of pH value of jams and storage temperature for HMF formation and colour was emphasised.

  19. STRATEGI COPING ORANG TUA MENGHADAPI ANAK AUTIS

    OpenAIRE

    Desi Sulistyo Wardani

    2016-01-01

    Autis merupakan grey area dibidang kedokteran, yang artinya masih merupakan suatu hal yang penyebab, mekanisme, dan terapinya belum jelas benar. Permasalahan yang dihadapi oleh orang tua yang mempunyai anak autis ini memerlukan pemecahan sebagai upaya untuk beradaptasi terhadap masalah dari tekanan yang menimpa mereka. Konsep untuk memecahkan masalah ini disebut coping. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui orientasi strategi coping yang digunakan oleh orang tua untuk menghadapi anak pend...

  20. Energy saving plan: use of solar energy in the university of Valencia (Spain); Uso de la energia solar en la universidad de Valencia (Espana) para ahorrar energia electrica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gomez Gomez Amo, J.L.; Tena, F.; Martinez Lozano, J.A.; Utrillas, M.P. [Grupo de Radiacion Solar, Universidad de Valencia (Spain)

    2005-07-15

    The University of Valencia financed a pilot project that would study the installation's feasibility of a generating station with photovoltaic energy, solar type, in order to replace or complement conventional sources of energy. This paper presents some of the preliminary results of the study's application in an University building, along with the analysis of the initial situation and the proposals for the handling of reactive energy and the outer and inner lighting as solutions for energy saving. This experimental project entitled Study of the Energy Saving Strategies and the Viability of Installing Solar Energy equipment in the Buildings of the University of Valencia throws preliminary data specifying the amount of investment necessary to obtain real annual benefits, as well as the recovery time of the investment and the beneficial ecological impact in quantitative terms of a measurable CO{sub 2} reduction. [Spanish] La Universidad de Valencia financio un proyecto piloto que estudiaria la factibilidad de instalacion de una estacion generadora de energia fotovoltaica de tipo solar para sustituir o complementar fuentes convencionales de energia. Este trabajo presenta algunos de los resultados preliminares de la aplicacion del estudio en un edificio de la Universidad junto con el analisis de la situacion inicial y las propuestas del manejo de energia reactiva, de iluminacion exterior e interior como soluciones para el ahorro de energia. Este proyecto experimental titulado Estudio de las estrategias del ahorro de la energia y de la viabilidad de instalar energia solar en los edificios de la Universidad de Valencia arroja datos preliminares que especifican el monto de la inversion necesaria para obtener beneficios anuales reales, asi como el tiempo de recuperacion de la inversion y el impacto ecologico benefico en terminos cuantitativos de una reduccion cuantificable de CO{sub 2}.

  1. ORANGE JUICE AND BLOOD PRESSURE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. F. VALIM

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available

    Blood pressure is the force of blood against artery walls. It is measured in millimeters of mercury (mm Hg and recorded as two numbers: systolic pressure (as the heart contracts over diastolic pressure (as the heart relaxes between beats. High blood pressure (hypertension is defined as chronically elevated high blood pressure, with systolic blood pressure (SBP of 140 mm Hg or greater, and diastolic blood pressure (DBP of 90 mm Hg or greater. High blood pressure (HBP, smoking, abnormal blood lipid levels, obesity and diabetes are risk factors for coronary heart disease, the leading cause of death in the US. Lifestyle modifications such as engaging in regular physical activity, quitting smoking and eating a healthy diet (limiting intake of saturated fat and sodium and increasing consumption of fiber, fruits and vegetables are advocated for the prevention, treatment, and control of HBP. As multiple factors influence blood pressure, the effects of each factor are typically modest, particularly in normotensive subjects, yet the combined effects can be substantial. Nutrition plays an important role in influencing blood pressure. Orange juice should be included as part of any low sodium diet and/or any blood pressure reducing eating plan, as it is sodium free, fat-free and can help meet recommended levels of potassium intake that may contribute to lower BP.

  2. Antimatter, clockwork orange, laser divestment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asmus, John F.

    2005-06-01

    In 1972 Ente Nazionale Idrocarburi sponsored a program to holographically record the images of Venetian sculptural treasures for archival purposes. At Laboratorio San Gregorio, where the initial holography took place, G. Musumeci and K. Hempel suggested an experiment to determine whether the concentrated beam from the ruby holographic laser could ablate black-patina crusts from decaying marble. Initial success of a laser-divestment test on a Palazzo Ducale capital launched a search for funding to enable a full-scale laser-conservation demonstration. Later, at a Caltech reunion one of the author's physics professors (Carl Anderson, the discoverer of mu mesons and the positron), noting the prominence of the Venice Film Festival suggested our approaching the motion picture industry. Many years earlier Anderson's Caltech classmate, Frank Capra, had supported the research that led to the discovery of cosmic-ray-generated antimatter on Pikes Peak. (After Caltech, Capra had become a director at Columbia Studios.) Anderson's chance comment led to an introduction to producer Jack Warner at a festival screening of his "A Clockwork Orange" in Asolo. He and his friends contributed US$5000 toward the laser conservation of a marble relief of "The Last Supper" in the Porta della Carta of Venice. This work was conducted in 1980 under the direction of Arch. G. Calcagno. In 1981 it was found that the granite veneer or the newly completed Warner Center Tower had been stained during transit from the quarry. The Venice laser successfully restored the veneer, thereby returning the Warner Brothers' favor.

  3. Sangre: valencias culturales e identidades juveniles en el contexto colombiano

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    Víctor Julio Restrepo

    2000-10-01

    Full Text Available En el artículo se tematizan las valencias culturales de la sangre como una de las voces del cuerpo con las que se asigna socialmente identidad a los/las jóvenes en el contexto colombiano mediante procesos de eufemización y exaltación que conducen a comportamientos considerados como positivos o negativos por la comunidad en general. Se pretende mostrar cómo un hecho biológico se transforma simbólicamente en uno cultural a partir de los temores que provoca la irrupción de la naturaleza, la potencia de traer vida a la vida y la acción masificadora y alienante de los medios de comunicación. También se busca, a partir de la descripción de un ritual de iniciación indígena con el que se celebra la primera menstruación y con la descripción de algunos comportamientos e imágenes que confluyen en escenarios urbanos masivos, sensibilizar a los/las jóvenes sobre algunas propuestas culturales de lo femenino y de lo masculino que les ofrecen sus sociedades, con el fin de reflexionar críticamente en una eventual transformación.In the article, the authors present the cultural valences of blood as one of the voices of the body through which identity is socially assigned to the young people in theColombian context by means of processes of euphemism and exaltation that lead to behaviors that the general community considers good or bad. The purpose is to show how a biological fact is symbolically transformed into a cultural one through the fears that the irruption of nature, the power of bringing life to life, and the alienating and mass action of the media provoke. Also, with the description of an indigenous rite of initiation, in which the first menstruation is celebrated, and with the description of some behaviors and images that converge into massive urban scenarios, the authors want to sensitize young people about some cultural proposals of the feminine and the masculine that society is offering them, in order to critically reflect on an

  4. Wrong postural hygiene and ergonomics in dental students of the University of Valencia (Spain) (part I).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cervera-Espert, J; Pascual-Moscardó, A; Camps-Alemany, I

    2018-02-01

    Failure to adopt a correct working posture can lead to occupational diseases. Evaluate knowledge in relation to ergonomics about BHOP concept and its application to routine clinical practice amongst undergraduate and postgraduate dental students in the University of Valencia (Valencia, Spain). A study based on interviews of undergraduate and postgraduate dental students in the University of Valencia (Valencia, Spain) was carried out. The information from a total of 336 interviews was used for the statistical analysis, differentiating according to gender and academic year: knowledge of ergonomics, pain prevalence and antecedents, assessment of the possible necessity for improved training in ergonomics, and evaluation of postural hygiene. Only 28.6% of the students were found to sit correctly in the dentist chair. Furthermore, in the opinion of the students, very few subjects during the career afforded adequate teaching in relation to ergonomics and working posture. The analysis of postural hygiene showed great variability. There were no significant differences in posture between males and females, although some incorrect postures appeared to be associated with the academic year (Ppostural hygiene were noted on progressing from one academic year to the next. The students in our study were not familiar with the principles of ergonomics and did not sit correctly in the dentist chair. Improved training in this field is required in dental school. © 2017 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  5. Travel and Tourism Students' Needs in Valencia (Spain): Meeting their Professional Requirements in the ESP Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia Laborda, Jesus

    2003-01-01

    The main purpose of this paper is to describe the basic findings obtained as a result of the implementation of two projects of Computer and Information Technologies held in Valencia (Spain) between 2002 and 2003 with 92 second year university students enrolled in English as a foreign language to find out their ICT and foreign language needs both…

  6. El claustro del Colegio de Corpus Christi de Valencia. Análisis formal y compositivo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Llopis Verdú, Jorge

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available The College of Corpus Christi, constructed at the end of the 16th century, is the personal project of the Patriarch San Juan de Ribera, and its cloister is the most significant Renaissance structure in the city of Valencia. A group of columns acquired in Italy by the Duke of Pastrana played a fundamental role in the conception of this architectural structure. The unknown architect based his project on them as well as on the formal and dimensional concepts of Serlio and Vignola. The result is proof of the level of assimilation of the principles of Renaissance architecture in 16th-century Valencia.

    El Colegio del Corpus Christi, construido a finales del siglo XVI es la obra personal del Patriarca San Juan de Ribera y su claustro la más significativa obra renacentista de la ciudad de Valencia. En su concepción arquitectónica juega un papel fundamental un lote de columnas adquiridas en Italia por el Duque de Pastrana, a partir de las cuales y de las propuestas formales y dimensionales de Serlio y Vignola, se desarrolló un proyecto de autor desconocido que evidencia el nivel de asimilación de los principios de la arquitectura renacentista en la Valencia del siglo XVI.

  7. Fuzzy multicriteria decision making applied to the strategic plan of Valencia

    OpenAIRE

    Nieto Morote, Ana María

    2000-01-01

    We present a fuzzy multicriteria decision making to get the ranking of several projects presented to the major council of Valencia whose final aim is to define the future urbanistic structure of the city This technique allows us to deal with such problems that are defined by linguistic (and vague)terms, like the case mentioned below.

  8. Epidemiological and virological studies into the poliomyelitis in Valencia (1959-1969

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    Báguena Cervellera, María José

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Studies into the polio virus began in Valencia in 1959 with the work undertaken by the microbiologist Vicente Sanchis-Bayarri Vaillant. After his education at the Rochester University and at the Pasteur Institute, Sanchis-Bayarri Vaillant established a laboratory of cell cultures at the Faculty of Medicine in Valencia, where he developed a new diagnostic technique for the poliomyelitis virus. In addition, epidemiological studies were carried out both prior to and post the 1963 vaccination campaign, which proved that Sabin’s oral vaccine was both effective and safe for use.

    Los estudios sobre el virus de la polio comenzaron en Valencia en 1959 de la mano del microbiólogo Vicente Sanchis-Bayarri Vaillant. Tras su formación en virología en la Universidad de Rochester y en el Instituto Pasteur, puso en marcha un laboratorio de cultivos celulares en la Facultad de Medicina de Valencia, en donde desarrolló una técnica diagnóstica nueva para el virus de la polio. Por otra parte, se llevaron a cabo estudios epidemiológicos antes y después de la campaña de vacunación de 1963, que demostraron la eficacia de la vacuna oral de Sabin y su inocuidad.

  9. Hydrodynamics over the Gulf of Valencia continental slope and their role in sediment transport

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ribó, M.; Puig, P.; van Haren, H.

    2015-01-01

    Circulation patterns and sediment dynamics were studied over the Gulf of Valencia (GoV) continental slope during spring and winter 2011–2012. Two moorings were deployed at two locations; at 450 m depth from February to May 2011, and at 572 m depth from October 2011 to February 2012. At both mooring

  10. PREDICCIÓN DEL RENDIMIENTO DE UN CULTIVO DE NARANJA 'VALENCIA' MEDIANTE REDES NEURONALES DE REGRESIÓN GENERALIZADA // FORECASTING THE YIELD OF A 'VALENCIA' ORANGE´S CROP, BY MEANS OF A GENERALIZED-REGRESSION NEURAL NETWORKS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edwin Hernández-Caraballo

    2015-12-01

    potential yield of a crop of 'Valencia' orange (Citrus sinensis L. Osbeck, using the concentration of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, and magnesium in the foliar tissue as predicting variables. Special emphasis was placed in the mathematical treatment of the input/output data, using conventional techniques (normalization, standardization, and principal components as well as other less common (row-centered log ratios, and individual and global nutritional indices from the Compositional Nutrient Diagnosis System. The results showed that, among the ones studied, the individual nutrient indices/normalized yield combination (Prediction error=0.98 kg·(1/tree, and the unrotated principal components/normalized yield combination (Prediction error= 0.51 kg·(1/tree resulted in the development of the neural networks with the highest yield prediction capabilities, as evidenced by the previously indicated prediction errors.

  11. Operational forecasting of daily temperatures in the Valencia Region. Part II: minimum temperatures in winter.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gómez, I.; Estrela, M.

    2009-09-01

    Extreme temperature events have a great impact on human society. Knowledge of minimum temperatures during winter is very useful for both the general public and organisations whose workers have to operate in the open, e.g. railways, roadways, tourism, etc. Moreover, winter minimum temperatures are considered a parameter of interest and concern since persistent cold-waves can affect areas as diverse as public health, energy consumption, etc. Thus, an accurate forecasting of these temperatures could help to predict cold-wave conditions and permit the implementation of strategies aimed at minimizing the negative effects that low temperatures have on human health. The aim of this work is to evaluate the skill of the RAMS model in determining daily minimum temperatures during winter over the Valencia Region. For this, we have used the real-time configuration of this model currently running at the CEAM Foundation. To carry out the model verification process, we have analysed not only the global behaviour of the model for the whole Valencia Region, but also its behaviour for the individual stations distributed within this area. The study has been performed for the winter forecast period from 1 December 2007 - 31 March 2008. The results obtained are encouraging and indicate a good agreement between the observed and simulated minimum temperatures. Moreover, the model captures quite well the temperatures in the extreme cold episodes. Acknowledgement. This work was supported by "GRACCIE" (CSD2007-00067, Programa Consolider-Ingenio 2010), by the Spanish Ministerio de Educación y Ciencia, contract number CGL2005-03386/CLI, and by the Regional Government of Valencia Conselleria de Sanitat, contract "Simulación de las olas de calor e invasiones de frío y su regionalización en la Comunidad Valenciana" ("Heat wave and cold invasion simulation and their regionalization at Valencia Region"). The CEAM Foundation is supported by the Generalitat Valenciana and BANCAIXA (Valencia

  12. Operational forecasting of daily temperatures in the Valencia Region. Part I: maximum temperatures in summer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gómez, I.; Estrela, M.

    2009-09-01

    Extreme temperature events have a great impact on human society. Knowledge of summer maximum temperatures is very useful for both the general public and organisations whose workers have to operate in the open, e.g. railways, roadways, tourism, etc. Moreover, summer maximum daily temperatures are considered a parameter of interest and concern since persistent heat-waves can affect areas as diverse as public health, energy consumption, etc. Thus, an accurate forecasting of these temperatures could help to predict heat-wave conditions and permit the implementation of strategies aimed at minimizing the negative effects that high temperatures have on human health. The aim of this work is to evaluate the skill of the RAMS model in determining daily maximum temperatures during summer over the Valencia Region. For this, we have used the real-time configuration of this model currently running at the CEAM Foundation. To carry out the model verification process, we have analysed not only the global behaviour of the model for the whole Valencia Region, but also its behaviour for the individual stations distributed within this area. The study has been performed for the summer forecast period of 1 June - 30 September, 2007. The results obtained are encouraging and indicate a good agreement between the observed and simulated maximum temperatures. Moreover, the model captures quite well the temperatures in the extreme heat episodes. Acknowledgement. This work was supported by "GRACCIE" (CSD2007-00067, Programa Consolider-Ingenio 2010), by the Spanish Ministerio de Educación y Ciencia, contract number CGL2005-03386/CLI, and by the Regional Government of Valencia Conselleria de Sanitat, contract "Simulación de las olas de calor e invasiones de frío y su regionalización en la Comunidad Valenciana" ("Heat wave and cold invasion simulation and their regionalization at Valencia Region"). The CEAM Foundation is supported by the Generalitat Valenciana and BANCAIXA (Valencia, Spain).

  13. Mesozoic evolution of the Valencia trough: Implications for the understanding of the Western Mediterranean

    Science.gov (United States)

    Etheve, Nathalie; Frizon de Lamotte, Dominique; Mohn, Geoffroy; Roca, Eduard; Gorini, Christian; Blanpied, Christian

    2014-05-01

    The Western Mediterranean records a multi-stage tectonic evolution characterized by a complex succession of rifting to compressive episodes during the Cenozoic. The Valencia through was formed in this geodynamic framework and is classically interpreted as an aborted Tertiary rift related to back-arc extension. Notably, the Tertiary rifting is superimposed to the Jurassic opening of the Tethys basin, the early Cretaceous opening of the Bay of Biscay-Pyrenees basins and the late Cretaceous-early Tertiary inversion of these basins (e.g. Iberian range, Catalan Coastal range). Since the last twenty years, many studies contributed to the understanding of the Tertiary history of this area, whereas the pre-Tertiary evolution of the Valencia trough remains poorly investigated. Therefore, we initiated a research project in the Valencia trough benefiting from the acquisition of high quality seismic surveys allowing a better imaging of the Mesozoic sequences. This PhD project aims to understand the mechanisms and the role of structural inheritance that controlled the evolution of the Valencia trough and its impact on the sedimentary infilling since the Mesozoic. The relation between the sedimentary infilling, subsidence and crustal thinning mechanisms during the Cenozoic are investigated aiming to unravel critical information on rifting processes. This study will be based on correlations between onshore and offshore observations. Structural and stratigraphic evolution will be defined on land and compared with seismic sections and well data at sea. Eventually, these data will enable us to propose coherent land-sea interpretations of the area, providing a better understanding of the tectono-stratigraphic context. Our poster show preliminary results obtained from fieldwork on the western margin of the Valencia trough coupled with seismic interpretations. Eventually, results of this study may lead to better constrain the kinematic reconstruction of the western Mediterranean

  14. Effect of Post Harvest Putrescine and Methyl Jasmonate Treatment on Chilling Injury and Some of Orange (Citrus sinensis “Valencia” Fruit Characteristics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Mohammad Reza Khani

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Valencia is one of the major orange cultivars which is grown in south of Iran. A great portion of annual fruits is usually cold stored for several months. This experiment was carried out to determine the effects of putrescine and methyl jasmonate on some of orange (Citrus sinensis “Valencia” fruit characteristics. Fruits were treated with 0 (control, 2.5 and 5 millimoles of putrescine and 0 (control, 10 and 20 micromoles of methyl jasmonate and then stored at 5±1°C, 85-90% relative humidity for 4 months. Oranges treated with 5 millimoles of putrescine and10 micromoles of methyl jasmonate indicated significantly reduced chilling injuries and fruit weight loss compared to the control treatment. During storage, ascorbic acid, organic acids, total soluble solids of the treated and control fruits reduced, and pH increased though, putrescine and methyl jasmonate treatments led to decreases in the latter changes, relative to the control. In conclusion, fruits treated with 5 millimoles of putrescine showed the best appearance with the most controlling effect on chilling injury.

  15. Endurance exercise after orange ingestion anaphylaxis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manu Gupta

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Endurance exercise after orange ingestion cause anaphylaxis which is food-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis (FDEIA which is a form of exercise-induced anaphylaxis. In this article, an individual develops symptoms such as flushing, itching, urticaria, angioedema, and wheezing after eating a food allergen and proceeds to exercise. Neither the food alone nor exercise alone is sufficient to induce a reaction. This case report describes a 36-year-old asthmatic male athlete who experienced nausea, vomiting, flushing, urticaria, and facial swelling while exercising in a gymnasium after eating oranges. Neither oranges alone nor exercise alone induced the reaction. Total avoidance of suspected food allergens would be ideal. Persons with FDEIA should keep at hand an emergency kit with antihistamines, injectable rapid action corticoids, and adrenaline.

  16. Hepatocellular carcinoma in the Malaysian Orang Asli.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sumithran, E; Prathap, K

    1976-05-01

    Necropsies were performed on 285 consecutively unclaimed Orang Asli bodies from Gombak Orang Asli Hospital during an eight-year period from May 1967 to April 1975. Of the 25 malignant neoplasms, hepatocellular carcinoma was by far the commonest (36%). The nine patients with this neoplasm had coexistant macronodular cirrhosis. There were 20 cases of cirrhosis; 45% of these had coexistant hepatocellular carcinoma. The 53,000 Orang Aslis living in West Malaysia comprise three tribes, the Negrito, Senoi, and Melayu Asli (Proto Malays). The Sinoi appear to have a high predilection for liver cancer, all our nine cases occurring in this group. These aboriginal people live in the jungles where they practice shifting cultivation and maintain their own dietary and social customs. Detailed studies of their dietary habits may provide a clue to the etiology of liver cancer in these people.

  17. Refugios antiaéreos de la ciudad de Valencia: estudio, propuesta y desarrollo como paisajes culturales urbanos = Air-Raid Shelters of Valencia City: Study, Proposal and Development as Urban Cultural Landscapes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Collado Lozano

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Elpresente trabajo pretende mostrar como paisajes culturales urbanos los refugios antiaéreos de la ciudad de Valencia. El desarrollo y finalidad del estudio proyecta demostrar el vacío existente en cuanto a la puesta en valor del patrimonio de la Guerra Civil en Valencia, enfatizando las actuaciones sobre las construcciones defensivas de ámbito civil. Este escrito plantea un recorrido por el panorama actual de los paisajes culturales urbanos. Para ello, se expone la legislación vigente que atañe a esta situación, así como una propuesta de desarrollo patrimonial de los refugios urbanos de Valencia mediante la exhibición de otros refugios que sí han recibido tratamiento como museos y centros de difusión didáctica y cultural. This paper aims to show how urban cultural landscapes air-raid shelters in the city of Valencia. The development and purpose of the study projects demonstrate the gap in terms of enhancement of the heritage of the Civil War in Valencia, emphasizing defensive actions on civil construction area. This paper presents a tour of the current landscape of urban cultural landscapes. To do so, the legislation regards this situation as well as a proposal for development of urban heritage shelters Valencia by showing other shelters who have received treatment as museums and educational and cultural diffusion is exposed.

  18. Jardín infantil, en Beniarjó, Valencia

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    García Ordóñez, F. M.

    1964-07-01

    Full Text Available This children's nursery has been provided so that the children of the town can be looked after during the periods when their mothers are busy collecting oranges. The building has, in addition to the director's quarters, eight school rooms, wash rooms, covered playing ground, indoor garden, living quarters for the nuns and a cloister. The various functional parts of the building are well differentiated, both spatially and in style. The lighting and ventilation has been the object of special study, and all the rooms have plenty of light, and are extremely diaphanous. The style aims at giving the children a sense of liberty, and integrating the beauty of the outdoor scenery with the indoor design. The structure is metallic, and the walls are made of light cream coloured brick in the schoolrooms, whilst the small convent walls have a rustic tyrolean surface.Este jardín infantil ha sido construido con el fin de que los niños de Beniarjó puedan ser atendidos, durante la ausencia de sus madres, en la época de la recolección de la naranja. El edificio consta de las siguientes zonas: dirección, ocho aulas, laboratorios, aseos, juegos cubiertos, jardín interior, residencia de religiosas y claustro. Cada una constituye un elemento bien diferenciado dentro del conjunto, por su individualidad volumétrica y por su carácter. Han sido cuidadosamente estudiadas la iluminación y ventilación de las diversas dependencias, y se ha conseguido, felizmente, que el conjunto ofrezca una gran diafanidad, crear un ambiente de gran libertad en los niños, e incorporar la belleza del paisaje a todos los rincones del edificio. La estructura es metálica y predomina el ladrillo visto, de color hueso, en las aulas y la tirolesa rústica en el pequeño convento.

  19. Pediatric dental care in a tertiary public hospital. Four years of experience in the Service of Stomatology of Valencia University General Hospital (Valencia, Spain).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poveda, Rafael; Jiménez, Yolanda; Gavaldá, Carmen; Sanchís, José María; Carbonell, Enrique; Margaix, María; Sarrión, Gracia

    2008-05-01

    A study is made of the experience gained with the Child Oral Care Program (Plan de Atención Dental Infantil, PADI) in the Service of Stomatology of Valencia University General Hospital (Valencia, Spain) after four years in operation (July 2003 - July 2007). The sample comprised 2626 children between 5-14 years of age, pertaining to department 9 of the Valencian public health system. A clinical history was compiled in each case, a radiological study was made, and a treatment plan was elaborated including fillings, extractions, and control visits. Of the 2626 designated children, 2369 visited our Service - mostly referred from the Preventive Dental Care Units. A total of 5784 fillings were carried out (93.3% with silver amalgam, 5.6% with composites and the rest as provisional fillings). The permanent first molars were the teeth with the largest number of fillings (70.2% of the total). These were followed in order of frequency by the second molars (19.1%). As regards composite resin fillings, most involved the upper central incisors, followed by the upper lateral incisors. A total of 644 extractions were performed, corresponding to 110 permanent teeth and 534 temporary teeth. In the case of the permanent dentition, the first molars were the most commonly removed teeth. In the temporary dentition, the most frequently removed teeth were the second molars. The response of the population to this program has been very good, and reinforces the preventive measures already in place, with the provision of restorative treatments to improve the oral and dental health of the pediatric population, and yielding good results in terms of the program quality indicators. The Service of Stomatology (Valencia University General Hospital) is able to address the demand and offers the public health network integrated and continuous patient care.

  20. KOMUNIKASI TERAPEUTIK ORANG TUA DENGAN ANAK FOBIA SPESIFIK

    OpenAIRE

    Rachmaniar Niar

    2015-01-01

    Penelitian ini dilakukan dalam rangka memahami kesadaran orang tua terhadap masalah anak-anak dengan fobia spesifik, meneliti bagaimana orang tua mengidentifikasi fobia spesifik, memahami tahapan metode yang digunakan untuk mengatasi orang tua anak yang fobia spesifik, dan menjelaskan alasan orang tua menggunakan teknik komunikasi terapeutik untuk mengatasi fobia spesifik anak. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah pendekatan kualitatif studi kasus. Objek penelitian ini adalah kom...

  1. Women’s franquism prisons in Valencia: punishing, purifying, re-educating

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana AGUADO

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available This article is one of the first to raise the issue of Women in the Franco regime prisons, specifically in the region of Valencia. Historiography of the Franquoist repression, in particular in Valencia, has paid scarce attention to that topic. This study provides a research about the modus operandi of prisons and others buildings —such as the Santa Clara’s convent—, used in order to jail republican women. Some of them were sentenced to death, and their children taken away in a lot of cases. And all of them suffered subhuman living conditions. On the one hand, the text analyses the prison files as an example of the official repression discourse. On the other hand, it also deals with some of these women’s stories, testimonies and memories as an example of the anti-Franco resistance discourse.

  2. Short and medium effects on the environment of Valencia, Spain of the Chernobyl nuclear plant accident

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Moreno, A.; Navarro, E.; Senent, F.; Baeza, A.; Miro, C.; Rio, M. del

    1991-01-01

    As a consequence of the 26 April 1986 accident at the Chernobyl nuclear plant, a large amount of radioactivity was released into the atmosphere. The radioactive plume formed could be detected in practically the whole of the Northern Hemisphere a few days later. The zone most affected by the radioactive cloud over Spain was that of the Mediterranean coast and the Balearic Islands. In this paper, the authors examine the level of the radioactive contamination reached in various receptive media in Valencia, such as air, dry-fallout, water, soil, grass and milk samples collected in Valencia immediately after the accident. The activity levels are compared with those found during 1964 and 1965 due to the Chinese nuclear atmospheric explosions. The levels of contamination presented by four species of migratory birds which spend the winter in this area is analyzed. Lastly, an estimate is made of the absorbed dose

  3. Onychomadesis outbreak in Valencia, Spain associated with hand, foot, and mouth disease caused by enteroviruses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davia, Javier López; Bel, Pablo Hernández; Ninet, Violeta Zaragoza; Bracho, María Alma; González-Candelas, Fernando; Salazar, Antonio; Gobernado, Miguel; Bosch, Isabel Febrer

    2011-01-01

    This report evaluates the June 2008 onychomadesis outbreak in Valencia, Spain. The study sample consisted of 221 onychomadesis cases and 77 nonaffected individuals who lived close to those affected. We collected data on dietary variables, hygiene products, and individual pathological histories. Feces and blood specimens were collected from 44 cases and 24 controls to evaluate exposure to infectious agents. Pathological background data revealed a high frequency (61%) of hand, foot, and mouth disease among the onychomadesis cases. Coxsackievirus A10 was the most commonly detected enterovirus in both case and control groups (49%). Other enteroviruses such as coxsackieviruses A5, A6, A16, B1, and B3; echoviruses 3, 4, and 9; and enterovirus 71 were present in low frequencies in the case and control groups (3-9%). The 2008 onychomadesis outbreak in the metropolitan area of Valencia was associated with an outbreak of hand, foot, and mouth disease primarily caused by coxsackievirus A10. © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  4. Nuevo titulus pictus y hallazgos recientes de pintura mural romana registrados en Valencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiménez Salvador, José Luis

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available Study of recently discovered wall paintings of the roman period in the excavations of 6 Cisneros square in Valencia (ancient Valentia. A titulus pictus, decorations with peacokfeathers and a representation of Venus, are the most noteworthy among them.Este artículo se dedica al estudio de los restos de decoración pictórica romana procedentes de la excavación arqueológica realizada en 1998 en el nº 6 de la plaza de Cisneros en Valencia. Destacan las imitaciones de mármoles con la presencia de un interesante titvlvs pictvs, así como decoraciones con plumas de pavo real, además de una posible representación de Venus que probablemente estaría relacionada con la proximidad del puerto fluvial.

  5. 21 CFR 146.154 - Concentrated orange juice with preservative.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Concentrated orange juice with preservative. 146... Canned Fruit Juices and Beverages § 146.154 Concentrated orange juice with preservative. (a) Concentrated orange juice with preservative complies with the requirements for composition and labeling of optional...

  6. 21 CFR 146.153 - Concentrated orange juice for manufacturing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Concentrated orange juice for manufacturing. 146... Canned Fruit Juices and Beverages § 146.153 Concentrated orange juice for manufacturing. (a) Concentrated orange juice for manufacturing is the food that complies with the requirements of composition and label...

  7. 21 CFR 146.140 - Pasteurized orange juice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Pasteurized orange juice. 146.140 Section 146.140 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) FOOD... and Beverages § 146.140 Pasteurized orange juice. (a) Pasteurized orange juice is the food prepared...

  8. Osage-orange: a pioneering stewardship species

    Science.gov (United States)

    James P. Barnett; James D. Burton

    1997-01-01

    Osage-orange, a small tree with a number of unique characteristics, played an important role in the settlement of the prairies. One of the more significant contributions was in the use of the species for hedges. The thorny, low-spreading crowns provided excellent fencing when properly main tamed. This use, plus its later used in skelterbelts, exert a continuing...

  9. Vitamin C Content of Commercial Orange Juices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haddad, Paul

    1977-01-01

    Describes an experiment designed to confirm that newly purchased commercial orange juice contains sufficient ascorbic acid to meet government standards, and to establish the rate of aerial oxidation of this ascorbic acid when the juice is stored in a refrigerator. (MLH)

  10. "Cox orange\\" and \\"Elstar\\" Apple Cultivars

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Thinning trials were conducted in the apple orchards of Klein Altendorf experimental station near Bonn, Germany, using 7 year old CV, \\'Cox orange\\' in the year 2001 and 8 year old \\'Elstar\\' apple trees in 2002. The objective was to reduce the number of fruits per tree, yield, improve fruit quality, overcome alternate bearing ...

  11. Evaluation of micronucleus frequency by acridine orange ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Evaluation of micronucleus frequency by acridine orange fluorescent staining in bucccal epithelial cells of oral submucosus fibrosis (OSMF) patients. ... is a high risk precancerous condition in which the connective tissue fibers of the lamina propria and deeper parts of the mucosa becomes stiff with restricted mouth opening.

  12. A 'tiny-orange' spectrometer for electrons

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Silva, N.C. da.

    1990-01-01

    An tiny-orange electron spectrometer was designed and constructed using flat permanent magnets and a surface barrier detector. The transmission functions of different system configurations were determined for energies in the 200-1100 KeV range. A mathematical model for the system was developed. (L.C.J.A.)

  13. 21 CFR 146.135 - Orange juice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Orange juice. 146.135 Section 146.135 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION CANNED FRUIT JUICES Requirements for Specific Standardized Canned Fruit Juices and Beverages § 146...

  14. Diseñan en Valencia un proyecto que descrifrará claves sobre el universo

    CERN Document Server

    2008-01-01

    This international encounter of work has been organized by the Corpuscular Physics Institute (IFIC), mixed center of the CSIC and the Valencia University, involved in the project. The English name of "Super Flavour Factor"y sends to the resemblance of a factory in where particles in industrial amounts will take place, which will allow to study its properties with a precision and intensity without precedents, because the number of collisions between electrons will increase in one hundred and positrons.

  15. PLAN DE EMPRESA PARA LA IMPLANTACIÓN DE UN RESTAURANTE AFTERWORK EN VALENCIA

    OpenAIRE

    CEBOLLADA NIZA, ALBERTO JOSE

    2013-01-01

    [ES] Este Trabajo Final de Carrera consiste en el desarrollo de un Plan de Empresa basado en el desarrollo de un novedoso concepto de negocio de Hostelería-Restauración en la ciudad de Valencia consistente en un Restaurante Afterwork, un lugar dirigido a ejecutivos que terminada su jornada laboral salen a disfrutar de una cena informal en un ambiente agradable. Este tipo de establecimientos deben poseer un atractivo especial para poder crear esa exclusividad que pretenden ...

  16. Plan de negocio para una agencia de viajes situada en Valencia

    OpenAIRE

    SÁEZ LÓPEZ, PATRICIA

    2015-01-01

    [EN] The following Final University Project consists in a Business Plan for the development and implementation of a travel agency located in Valencia. This company is focused on the mediation with the offer and the demand offering several touristic products. The objective of this project is to determine its viability. The decision of making a business plan is based on the knowledge obtained on the degree. It’s a great opportunity to put into practice what I learned. Furthermore, it has cho...

  17. Un ejemplo de tectónica salina: el sector NE del Surco de Valencia

    OpenAIRE

    Säbat, F.; Sans, M.

    1992-01-01

    The messinian salt develops salt rollers, pillows and diapirs in the linking zone between the Valencia Trough and the Provenga! Basin. The correlation of the different structures based on the sedimentary wedges linked to the salt rollers formation, the onlap surfaces and truncations, as well as a sequential restitution of the salt structures allows us to propose different origins for the salt structures of different areas of the basin

  18. Environmental management of peri-urban natural resources. L Horta de Valencia case study.

    OpenAIRE

    Miralles García, José Luis

    2015-01-01

    L Horta de Valencia is a peri-urban agricultural space with recognized values as a heritage: historic, cultural, agricultural, economic, landscape and natural resource. Across Europe, there are only six similar landscapes according DOBRIS report of European Environment Agency (1998). Many studies and authors show their values. This historical zone is irrigated from Medieval Age by seven channels of Túria s river, and irrigation water is managed by specific organization of seven Irrigation Com...

  19. Effectiveness of rotavirus vaccines, licensed but not funded, against rotavirus hospitalizations in the Valencia Region, Spain

    OpenAIRE

    P?rez-Vilar, Silvia; D?ez-Domingo, Javier; L?pez-Lacort, M?nica; Mart?nez-?beda, Sergio; Martinez-Beneito, Miguel A

    2015-01-01

    Background Although rotavirus vaccines have been licensed in Spain for over 8 years, they are not funded by its public health systems. The analysis of their effectiveness in the Valencia Region could better inform decisions about potential inclusion in the official immunization schedule. Our aim was to assess the effectiveness of Rotarix? (RV1) and RotaTeq? (RV5) against rotavirus hospitalizations. Methods We conducted a retrospective cohort study using the region?s health care databases, amo...

  20. Pedro de Valencia, Francisco de Gurmendi and the Plomos de Granada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Magnier, Grace

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available The Inquisition in 1618 seized all the papers of Pedro de Valencia, renowned humanist, biblical scholar and chronicler of Philip III. The papers of other members of his circle were also confiscated. In this article I examine the two most important texts: Sobre el pergamino y láminas de Granada of Valencia and a Libelo Segundo of Francisco de Gurmendi, interpreter of Oriental languages for Philip III. The article is structured around Gurmendi's response to a memorial published in 1617 by Archbishop Pedro de Castro in defence of one of his translators. Gurmendi, working from his translation of the first two Lead Books, shows how these contain heretical ideas on the Trinity and how the memorialista has mistranslated many passages.

    En 1618 la Inquisición confiscó todos los papeles de Pedro de Valencia, humanista insigne, exegeta bíblico y cronista del reino y de las Indias de Felipe III. También confiscó los papeles de otros miembros de su círculo. En este artículo examino los dos textos más importantes: Sobre el pergamino y láminas de Granada de Valencia y un Libelo segundo de Francisco de Gurmendi, intérprete en lenguas orientales del rey. El artículo se centra en la respuesta de Gurmendi a un memorial del Arzobispo Pedro de Castro en el que se defiende a uno de sus traductores. Partiendo de su traducción de los dos primeros libros plúmbeos, Gurmendi muestra las herejías trinitarias que éstos contienen y cómo el memorialista ha traducido mal muchos pasajes.

  1. Discrimination of Different Water Layers with TerraSAR X Images in "La Albufera de Valencia"

    Science.gov (United States)

    García Fernández, M. A.; Miguelsanz Muñoz, P.

    2009-04-01

    To analyze the capabilities of TerraSAR X Strip Map images in order to discriminate different water layers in the "Parque de la Albufera de Valencia", Spain, a test project was carried out. This place is a rice crop area under European and National Agro environmental regulation which obliges to preserve the habitat and to keep the rice plots flooded out of crop season, from October to January

  2. Seasonal dynamics of the phytoplankton community in the Gandia coastal area, southern Gulf of Valencia

    OpenAIRE

    Gadea, I.; Rodilla, M.; Sospedra, J.; Falco, S.; Morata, T.

    2013-01-01

    [EN] Seasonal variability in the phytoplankton community of the coastal area of Gandia in the south of the Gulf of Valencia (Western Mediterranean Sea) was examined in relation to physical and chemical surface water variables (i.e. salinity, nutrients, dissolved oxygen and temperature). This small area presents most of the point and non-point nutrients inputs that affect coastal areas as wastewater discharges through submarine outfall, river discharges and groundwater discharges from a detrit...

  3. PLAN DE MARKETING PARA UNA EMPRESA DEL SECTOR HOTELERO, SH VALENCIA PALACE

    OpenAIRE

    MINAYA MERLOS, JAVIER

    2015-01-01

    [ES] El presente estudio es un plan de marketing realizado por un alumno elaborando su proyecto de final de carrera, un alumno entusiasta y con inquietudes que ha realizado incontables estudios e informes acerca de una gran variedad de negocios, abarcando así varios sectores englobados en el sector servicios. En este estudio ofrecemos al hotel SH Valencia Palace una serie de propuestas de marketing que creemos convenientes realizar. Estas medidas no están dirigidas a garantizar la superviv...

  4. [Prevalence of exposure to occupational risks in pregnant Spanish workers (the INMA Project-Valencia)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    González-Galarzo, M Carmen; García, Ana M; Estarlich, Marisa; García García, Francisco; Esplugues, Ana; Rodríguez, Paz; Rebagliato, Marisa; Ballester, Ferran

    2009-01-01

    To describe the prevalence of exposure to occupational risks among pregnant women and analyze its relationship with personal and occupational characteristics using information collected in the Childhood and Environment (Infancia y Medio Ambiente [INMA])-Valencia cohort study. The INMA-Valencia cohort study started in 2004 with 855 pregnant women living in Valencia, Spain. Data on sociodemographic variables (age, education and country of birth) and occupational conditions (activity, occupation, type of contract, working hours and self-reported occupational exposure to physical load and psychosocial, physical, chemical and biological risks) in women with paid employment during pregnancy (n=649) were collected through face-to-face interviews with a structured questionnaire in week 32 of pregnancy. The prevalences of reported exposure to physical and psychosocial load and to physical pollutants (including non-ionizing radiations) were 56%, 63% and 62%, respectively. The prevalence of reported exposure to chemicals (including cleaning products) and biological pollutants was 22% and 6%, respectively. In general, the characteristics most closely associated with exposure to occupational risks were younger age, non-Spanish nationality, lower education, having a temporary contract or being self-employed. This study is the first to quantify the prevalence of exposure to occupational risks during pregnancy in a Spanish population-based sample. According to the data observed, surveillance and control actions should be intensified in pregnant workers, as some of the observed occupational exposures have been consistently associated with detrimental reproductive and developmental effects.

  5. Technical Note: Dosimetry of Leipzig and Valencia applicators without the plastic cap

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Granero, D.; Candela-Juan, C.; Vijande, J.; Ballester, F.; Perez-Calatayud, J.; Jacob, D.; Mourtada, F.

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: High dose rate (HDR) brachytherapy for treatment of small skin lesions using the Leipzig and Valencia applicators is a widely used technique. These applicators are equipped with an attachable plastic cap to be placed during fraction delivery to ensure electronic equilibrium and to prevent secondary electrons from reaching the skin surface. The purpose of this study is to report on the dosimetric impact of the cap being absent during HDR fraction delivery, which has not been explored previously in the literature. Methods: GEANT4 Monte Carlo simulations (version 10.0) have been performed for the Leipzig and Valencia applicators with and without the plastic cap. In order to validate the Monte Carlo simulations, experimental measurements using radiochromic films have been done. Results: Dose absorbed within 1 mm of the skin surface increases by a factor of 1500% for the Leipzig applicators and of 180% for the Valencia applicators. Deeper than 1 mm, the overdosage flattens up to a 10% increase. Conclusions: Differences of treating with or without the plastic cap are significant. Users must check always that the plastic cap is in place before any treatment in order to avoid overdosage of the skin. Prior to skin HDR fraction delivery, the timeout checklist should include verification of the cap placement.

  6. Antecedentes y formación del Plan General de Valencia de 1966

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Ramón Selva Royo

    2014-07-01

    There is no doubt in asserting that the Adaptation of the Valencia and its Country General Urban Management Paln to the South Settlementm, approved on June 30, 1966, has become one fo the most controversial and trascendental projects referred to the Valencia metropolitan urbanism. A reviled planning, often labeled as a developmentalist one, despite the fact taht any of its original documents was never published: specialized literature paid no attention to the intra-history, focusing instead in the sociopolitical reasons which led to its revocation. It could ultimately seem that no one wanted to ask the right questions, like how could it be possible that Greater Valencia Administrative Corporation architects (three of the main experts of their generation answered for such a supposedly calamitous Town Planning. Thus, in order to achieve right insight, it´s necessary to carefully analyze the wide period-eight decisive years-between the ministerial approval of the Special Technic Commision conclusions (July 22, 1958 and the finally adoption of the plan. Such is this paper´s aim, enabling a proper comprehension supported by the interesting and unpublished drawing up of its previous studies.

  7. Technical Note: Dosimetry of Leipzig and Valencia applicators without the plastic cap

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Granero, D., E-mail: dgranero@eresa.com [Department of Radiation Physics, ERESA, Hospital General Universitario, Valencia 46014 (Spain); Candela-Juan, C. [National Dosimetry Centre (CND), Instituto Nacional de Gestión Sanitaria, Valencia 46009 (Spain); Vijande, J. [Department of Atomic, Molecular and Nuclear Physics, University of Valencia, Burjassot 46100, Spain and Instituto de Física Corpuscular (UV-CSIC), Burjassot 46100 (Spain); Ballester, F. [Department of Atomic, Molecular and Nuclear Physics, University of Valencia, Burjassot 46100, Spain and Instituto de Fisica Corpuscular (UV-CSIC), Burjassot 46100 (Spain); Perez-Calatayud, J. [Radiation Oncology Department, La Fe University and Polytechnic Hospital, Valencia 46026, Spain and Department of Radiotherapy, Clínica Benidorm, Benidorm 03501 (Spain); Jacob, D.; Mourtada, F. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Helen F. Graham Cancer Center, Christiana Care Health System, Newark, Delaware 19713 (United States)

    2016-05-15

    Purpose: High dose rate (HDR) brachytherapy for treatment of small skin lesions using the Leipzig and Valencia applicators is a widely used technique. These applicators are equipped with an attachable plastic cap to be placed during fraction delivery to ensure electronic equilibrium and to prevent secondary electrons from reaching the skin surface. The purpose of this study is to report on the dosimetric impact of the cap being absent during HDR fraction delivery, which has not been explored previously in the literature. Methods: GEANT4 Monte Carlo simulations (version 10.0) have been performed for the Leipzig and Valencia applicators with and without the plastic cap. In order to validate the Monte Carlo simulations, experimental measurements using radiochromic films have been done. Results: Dose absorbed within 1 mm of the skin surface increases by a factor of 1500% for the Leipzig applicators and of 180% for the Valencia applicators. Deeper than 1 mm, the overdosage flattens up to a 10% increase. Conclusions: Differences of treating with or without the plastic cap are significant. Users must check always that the plastic cap is in place before any treatment in order to avoid overdosage of the skin. Prior to skin HDR fraction delivery, the timeout checklist should include verification of the cap placement.

  8. Mega Events and Urban Conflicts in Valencia, Spain: Contesting the New Urban Modernity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis del Romero Renau

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The local and regional administrations of Valencia, Spain, have been working to position the city, which is the country's third largest in terms of population, as an international destination for luxury tourism through sports mega-events. Valencia's new image as a “mega-events city” has been criticized by citizens and urban-based movements on social and environmental grounds, resulting in various urban conflicts. The aim of this paper is to examine the causes and dynamics of these conflicts in order to understand the discourse and rationales behind the criticism. This will also include an examination of the ways in which these conflicts were managed by the local administration, especially in the months leading up to and during the events, when the city was receiving worldwide media coverage. Researching local print media, we focused on urban conflicts that took place in Valencia between 1995 and 2010. We also looked at the performance of urban-based movements and the administration as conflicting actors. One of the main findings was the strong consensual authoritarianism manifested by the administration and mega-event organizers when making decisions and managing urban conflicts related to mega-events.

  9. Relict sand waves in the continental shelf of the Gulf of Valencia (Western Mediterranean)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Albarracín, Silvia; Alcántara-Carrió, Javier; Montoya-Montes, Isabel; Fontán-Bouzas, Ángela; Somoza, Luis; Amos, Carl L.; Salgado, Jorge Rey

    2014-10-01

    The presence of fossil or relict bedforms is common in the Quaternary fill of modern continental shelf due to sea level oscillations, tectonic subsidence and migration of associated sedimentary facies. The continental margin of the Gulf of Valencia has been strongly influenced by glacio-eustasy and neotectonics. High-resolution multibeam bathymetry data, seismic reflection profiles and box core samples were collected across the continental shelf of the Gulf of Valencia during the DERIVA cruises carried out in 2010 and 2011. The integrated analysis of this data set and high-resolution mapping of the relict bedforms on the Valencian continental shelf, ranging between 50 and 90 m allowed the study of previously identified system of sand waves located in front of the present-day Albufera de Valencia lagoon. The system is composed of 27 ridges with a NNE-SSW orientation, i.e. oblique to the present shoreline, in which the lateral horns point backwards. These sand waves can reach 10 m in height and 3 km in length resulting in a maximum slope of 6°. According to seismic stratigraphic and relative sea level curve reconstructions, these sand waves were formed during the Younger Dryas (~ 12-10 ky BP). Consequently, they have been classified as Holocene sand waves associated with coastal sedimentary evolution.

  10. Application of Acid Whey in Orange Drink Production

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Grażyna Jaworska

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to compare qualitative changes in orange and orange beverages containing whey during 12 months of storage. The beverages contained 12 % extract, half of which was orange concentrate, the rest was sugar or sugar and whey extract. Acid whey was used in the production of beverages, added at a rate of 50 % of the used water. Orange beverages with whey contained more protein, ash, glucose, lactose and vitamin B2 than the orange beverages, but less sucrose, fructose and vitamin C, and also showed lower antioxidant activity against the DPPH radical. No significant differences between the two types of beverages were found in the polyphenolic content or activity against the ABTS cation radical. The type of beverage had a significant effect on the colour parameter values under the CIELAB system, although no significant differences were found between the beverages in the sensory evaluation of colour desirability. The overall sensory evaluation of orange beverages with whey was 2–10 % lower than of other orange beverages. The intensity of orange, sweet and refreshing taste was greater in orange beverages, while that of sour and whey taste was greater in orange beverages containing whey. There were significant decreases in sucrose, lactose, all indicators of antioxidant activity and sensory quality during storage. Levels of glucose and fructose rose with the storage period, while the intensity of sour, orange and refreshing taste decreased.

  11. KOMUNIKASI TERAPEUTIK ORANG TUA DENGAN ANAK FOBIA SPESIFIK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rachmaniar Niar

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini dilakukan dalam rangka memahami kesadaran orang tua terhadap masalah anak-anak dengan fobia spesifik, meneliti bagaimana orang tua mengidentifikasi fobia spesifik, memahami tahapan metode yang digunakan untuk mengatasi orang tua anak yang fobia spesifik, dan menjelaskan alasan orang tua menggunakan teknik komunikasi terapeutik untuk mengatasi fobia spesifik anak. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah pendekatan kualitatif studi kasus. Objek penelitian ini adalah komunikasi terapeutik orang tua. Subyek penelitian adalah lima anak dari orang tua yang memiliki fobia spesifik sebagai sumber informasi utama, yaitu, ibu dari anak-anak fobia spesifik; anak-anak dan kerabat sebagai sumber pendukung informasi. Hasil dari penelitian ini adalah adanya tiga model komunikasi terapeutik orang tua dengan anak fobia spesifik: model pengalaman perwakilan, model pengalaman nyata, dan bermain model pengalaman.

  12. Orange County Photovoltaic Project & Educational COmponent

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Parker, Renee [Orange County Government, FL (United States)

    2016-02-12

    The purpose of this report is to discuss the projects implemented, utilizing Department of Energy grant funds, to support the use and understanding of renewable energy in Orange County, Florida and the Greater Orlando Area. Orange County is located in the State of Florida and is most popularly referred to as Orlando. The greater Orlando area’s current population is 1,225,267 and in 2015 was the first destination to surpass 60 million visitors. Orange County utilized grant funds to add to the growing demand for access to charging stations by installing one level 2 dual NovaCharge CT4021 electric vehicle charging station at the Orange County/University of Florida Cooperative Extension Center. The charging station is considered a “smart” charger connected to a central network operated by a third party. Data collected includes the number of charging sessions, session start and end times, the electricity usage, greenhouse gases saved and other pertinent data used for reporting purposes. Orange County continues to support the use of electric vehicles in Metro Orlando and this project continues to bring awareness to our public regarding using alternative vehicles. Additionally, we offer all visitors to the Orange County/University of Florida Cooperative Extension Center free charges for their electric vehicles 24 hours a day. Since the operation of the charging station there have been 52 unique driver users, a total of 532.2258 kg of greenhouse gas savings and 159.03 gallons of gasoline savings. The installation of the additional electric vehicle charging station is part of a county-wide goal of promoting implementation of renewable energy technologies as well as supporting the use of electric vehicles including the Drive Electric Orlando & Florida programs. http://driveelectricorlando.com/ & ; http://www.driveelectricflorida.org/ . Grant funds were also used for Outreach and Educational efforts. Educational efforts about renewable energy were accomplished through

  13. MATHEMATICAL MODELING OF ORANGE SEED DRYING KINETICS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniele Penteado Rosa

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Drying of orange seeds representing waste products from juice processing was studied in the temperatures of 40, 50, 60 and 70 °C and drying velocities of 0.6, 1.0 and 1.4 m/s. Experimental drying kinetics of orange seeds were obtained using a convective air forced dryer. Three thin-layer models: Page model, Lewis model, and the Henderson-Pabis model and the diffusive model were used to predict the drying curves. The Henderson-Pabis and the diffusive models show the best fitting performance and statistical evaluations. Moreover, the temperature dependence on the effective diffusivity followed an Arrhenius relationship, and the activation energies ranging from 16.174 to 16.842 kJ/mol

  14. Orange roughy: their age unlocked by radioisotopes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fenton, G.; Ritz, D.

    1992-01-01

    A radiometric method was developed and applied to try and solve the question of age for orange roughy, currently the primary target species in the south east trawl fishery. The method involved measuring the natural levels of the radioactive elements radium-226 and lead-210 present in the otolith of the fish. Radium-226 is chemically similar to calcium and, as such, is taken up by fish and laid-down in their otoliths as the fish grows. It was found that orange roughy is a very slow growing and long-lived species with fish 38-40 cm SL ranging between 77 and 149 years old. The results also indicated that maturity is around 32 years which occurs at about 32 cm SL. 4 refs., 1 tab., ills

  15. Modeling mini-orange electron spectrometers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Canzian da Silva, Nelson; Dietzsch, Olacio

    1994-01-01

    A method for calculating the transmission of mini-orange electron spectrometers is presented. The method makes use of the analytical solution for the magnetic field of a plane magnet in the calculation of the spectrometer spatial field distribution by superimposing the fields of the several magnets that compose the system. Electron trajectories through the spectrometer are integrated numerically in a Monte Carlo calculation and the transmission of the spectrometer as a function of the electron energy is evaluated. A six-magnet mini-orange spectrometer was built and its transmission functions for several distances from source to detector were measured and compared to the calculations. The overall agreement is found to be good. The method is quite general and can be applied to the design of systems composed of plane magnets, predicting their performance before assembling them. ((orig.))

  16. Call cultures in orang-utans?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Serge A Wich

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Several studies suggested great ape cultures, arguing that human cumulative culture presumably evolved from such a foundation. These focused on conspicuous behaviours, and showed rich geographic variation, which could not be attributed to known ecological or genetic differences. Although geographic variation within call types (accents has previously been reported for orang-utans and other primate species, we examine geographic variation in the presence/absence of discrete call types (dialects. Because orang-utans have been shown to have geographic variation that is not completely explicable by genetic or ecological factors we hypothesized that this will be similar in the call domain and predict that discrete call type variation between populations will be found. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We examined long-term behavioural data from five orang-utan populations and collected fecal samples for genetic analyses. We show that there is geographic variation in the presence of discrete types of calls. In exactly the same behavioural context (nest building and infant retrieval, individuals in different wild populations customarily emit either qualitatively different calls or calls in some but not in others. By comparing patterns in call-type and genetic similarity, we suggest that the observed variation is not likely to be explained by genetic or ecological differences. CONCLUSION/SIGNIFICANCE: These results are consistent with the potential presence of 'call cultures' and suggest that wild orang-utans possess the ability to invent arbitrary calls, which spread through social learning. These findings differ substantially from those that have been reported for primates before. First, the results reported here are on dialect and not on accent. Second, this study presents cases of production learning whereas most primate studies on vocal learning were cases of contextual learning. We conclude with speculating on how these findings might

  17. Trifoliata hybrids rootstocks for 'Lane Late' navel orange in Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pilar Legua

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Carrizo citrange [Citrus sinensis (L. Osb. × Poncirus trifoliata (L. Raf.] and Cleopatra mandarin (C. reshni Hort. ex Tan. are the most important rootstocks used in Spain, but they are problematic and it is necessary to search for new rootstocks with better all-round performance. The performance of 'Lane Late' navel orange [Citrus sinensis (L. Osb] on ten rootstocks was determined in the South of the province of Alicante (Spain. They are Carrizo citrange, Cleopatra mandarin and eight new hybrids obtained at the Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Agrarias in Valencia (Spain: 020324 [Troyer citrange (C. sinensis × P. trifoliata × Cleopatra mandarin], Forner-Alcaide 418 (F&A 418 [Troyer citrange × common mandarin (C. deliciosa Ten.], Forner-Alcaide 13 (F&A 13, 030118, 030127 and 030131 (Cleopatra mandarin × P. trifoliata and 030212 and 030230 (Cleopatra mandarin × Troyer citrange. Soil is clay loam, with pH 8.5 and electric conductivity in the saturation extract at 25ºC of 5.79 mS cm-1. Yield was weighed during the first nine harvests, fruit quality was determined in the last three. Pre-harvest fruit-drop was controlled for the 4th until 9th harvests. The trees of 'Lane Late' navel budded on Cleopatra mandarin were the tallest (2.5 m and F&A 418 (1.6 m the shortest of all rootstocks tested. Trees on 030131 hybrid and Carrizo citrange rootstocks had the highest mean yield (81.2 and 80.3 kg per tree per year respectively, while trees on F&A 418 produced the lowest mean yield (22.3 kg per tree per year. Trees on 030131, 020324 and 030212 had the highest yield efficiency as total cumulative yield per cubic meter of canopy volume (62.1, 58.7 and 55.9 kg m-3 respectively whereas trees on 030127, F&A 418 and Cleopatra mandarin had lower yield efficiencies (45.0, 44.4 and 38.6 kg m-3, respectively. Pre-harvest fruit-drop was lower in trees grafted on Cleopatra mandarin (24.62 % and on 030212 (26.61 %, and was also low on F&A 418 (27

  18. Identification of a large, fast-expanding HIV-1 subtype B transmission cluster among MSM in Valencia, Spain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patiño-Galindo, Juan Ángel; Torres-Puente, Manoli; Bracho, María Alma; Alastrué, Ignacio; Juan, Amparo; Navarro, David; Galindo, María José; Gimeno, Concepción; Ortega, Enrique; González-Candelas, Fernando

    2017-01-01

    We describe and characterize an exceptionally large HIV-1 subtype B transmission cluster occurring in the Comunidad Valenciana (CV, Spain). A total of 1806 HIV-1 protease-reverse transcriptase (PR/RT) sequences from different patients were obtained in the CV between 2004 and 2014. After subtyping and generating a phylogenetic tree with additional HIV-1 subtype B sequences, a very large transmission cluster which included almost exclusively sequences from the CV was detected (n = 143 patients). This cluster was then validated and characterized with further maximum-likelihood phylogenetic analyses and Bayesian coalescent reconstructions. With these analyses, the CV cluster was delimited to 113 patients, predominately men who have sex with men (MSM). Although it was significantly located in the city of Valencia (n = 105), phylogenetic analyses suggested this cluster derives from a larger HIV lineage affecting other Spanish localities (n = 194). Coalescent analyses estimated its expansion in Valencia to have started between 1998 and 2004. From 2004 to 2009, members of this cluster represented only 1.46% of the HIV-1 subtype B samples studied in Valencia (n = 5/143), whereas from 2010 onwards its prevalence raised to 12.64% (n = 100/791). In conclusion, we have detected a very large transmission cluster in the CV where it has experienced a very fast growth in the recent years in the city of Valencia, thus contributing significantly to the HIV epidemic in this locality. Its transmission efficiency evidences shortcomings in HIV control measures in Spain and particularly in Valencia.

  19. Social perception of environment and waste management in Pucol (Valencia-Spain); Percepcion social sobre la gestion de residuos urbanos: el caso del municipio de Pucol (Valencia)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Agullo Calatayud, V.

    2011-07-01

    The present study analyzes the situation of waste management and environmental problems in the municipality of Pucol (Valencia-Spain) from multi variant statistical analysis data from a sociological survey. It can be highlighted the following aspects: to) The citizen percentage that recycles correctly all type of waste residues is of 8.93% and the percentage of recycles of any kind of residue is of 60.97%; b) to have a high educational level and the fact of having close containers entails, in a significant way, to recycled more; c) the container of plastics, bricks and cans is not used appropriately given that more than 70% of the sample uses the organic garbage container for this purpose; and d) the town of Pucol perceives the lack of environmental awareness as the environmental main problem of the municipality with a percentage of 36.3%.. (Author)

  20. UPAYA ORANG TUA DALAM MEMBIMBING REMAJA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muzdalifah M. Rahman

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Hilangnya peran orang tua menjadi penyebab timbulnya serius kenakalan remaja.  Kurangnya pemahaman orang tua tentang kebutuhan yang harus  dipenuhi oleh  remaja menyebabkan kekecewaan atau  frustrasi.   Makalah ini  akan  memberikan penjelasan  tentang  remaja harus  dipenuhi  oleh  orang  tua sehingga dapat membimbing pemuda menjadi seorang pria yang bermanfaat. Ada beberapa hal yang berkaitan dengan kontrol orang tua, yaitu: Dalam menentukan standar dari tingkah laku yang dituju, bagaimana ketepatan dan kejelasan peraturan yang dibuat (firmness. Jika norma – norma atau peraturan yang diberikan ingin efektif, maka peraturan tersebut haruslah dimengerti,  jelas dan konsisten dalam pelaksanaannya, standar yang ditentukan harus disesuaikan dengan tingkatan usia dengan kondisi seperti ini anak akan terdorong maju untuk menguasai sesuatu tujuan. Peraturan yang diiringi penjelasan akan mampu membentuk kontrol yang bersifat intrinsik, penjelasan peraturan pada anak tidak saja hanya berbicara pada anak tapi juga mendengarkan reaksi dari anak, memperkuat proses belajar, pengarahan  dan percayaan, hadiah dan hukuman. Dengan demikian kontrol menjadi hal penting dari orang tua pada remaja dalam mengatasi permasalahan remaja yang berkaitan dengan kebutuhan remaja untuk diberi kebebasan. Namun tidak hanya remaja yang memiliki permasalahan, orang tua juga memiliki permasalahan dengan remaja.   Kata Kunci: Upaya Orang Tua, Bimbingan, Belajar Anak EFFORTS  IN GUIDING YOUNG PARENTS.  The  loss of the role of parents becomes a serious cause of juvenile delinquency. Lack of understanding of parents about the needs that must be met by adolescents  cause  disappointment   or frustration.  This  paper  will provide an explanation  of adolescents must be met by the parents so as to guide the youth to be a useful man. There are several issues related to parental controls, namely: In determining the standard of behavior that is intended,

  1. High-efficiency orange-red organic electrophosphorescent devices with excellent operational stability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Pang-Chi; Chang, Meng-Hao; Lin, Jin-Sheng; Tseng, Mei-Rurng

    2017-08-01

    A novel orange-red phosphorescent iridium complex PR-24 has been successfully synthesized and characterized. By using this material, we demonstrated the high-efficiency OLED devices. The best efficiency was achieved for a device using PR-24 as the dopant, exhibiting 25.8 cd/A current efficiency, 20.0 lm/W power efficiency and 15.9% EQE at 1000 cd/m2 . Moreover, when using the optimized co-host configuration, PR-24 shows a remarkable lifetime T50 of 211,000 h for an initial luminance of 1000 nits .

  2. Health effects of the 2012 Valencia (Spain) wildfires on children in a cohort study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vicedo-Cabrera, Ana M; Esplugues, Ana; Iñíguez, Carmen; Estarlich, Marisa; Ballester, Ferran

    2016-06-01

    In July 2012, two simultaneous wildfires burnt a big area in Valencia (Spain), where a birth cohort study (INMA) is being developed. The heavy smoke covered the whole INMA study area for several days. We aimed at evaluating the 2012 Valencia wildfire effects on the health of children enrolled in the INMA-Valencia cohort. Two weeks after the extinction of the wildfires, a phone survey was conducted and finally 460 individuals were enrolled. We considered a wildfire period (12-day interval when they were active) and a control period (12-day interval just before wildfires). Parents were asked about respiratory symptoms experienced during both periods, and during wildfires only about the preventive measures adopted and the perception of exposure, along with individual data collected through the different follow-up surveys of the cohort. Conditional logistic regression models were applied, and we included interaction terms for asthma/rhinitis and level of perception of exposure; 82.4 % perceived smoke smell outdoors, 40 % indoors and more than 90 % of the families observed the presence of ash. An adjusted odds ratio of 3.11 [95 % confidence interval 1.62-5.97] for itchy/watery eyes and 3.02 [1.41-6.44] for sore throat was obtained. Significant interaction terms for rhinitis and asthma in itchy/watery eyes and sneezing, and only asthma for sore throat were obtained. Exposure to wildfire smoke was associated with increased respiratory symptoms in this child population, particularly affecting susceptible individuals with asthma or rhinitis.

  3. SU-F-T-63: Dosimetric Relevance of the Valencia and Leipzig HDR Applicators Plastic Cap

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Granero, D [ERESA-Hospital General Universitario, Valencia (Spain); Candela-Juan, C [National Dosimetry Centre (CND), Valencia (Spain); Vijande, J; Ballester, F [University of Valencia, Burjassot (Spain); Perez-Calatayud, J [Hospital La Fe, Valencia (Spain); Jacob, D; Mourtada, F [Helen F. Graham Cancer Center, Christiana Care Health System, Newark, DE (United States)

    2016-06-15

    Purpose: Utilization of HDR brachytherapy treatment of skin lesions using collimated applicators, such as the Valencia or Leipzig is increasing. These applicators are made of cup-shaped tungsten material in order to focalize the radiation into the lesion and to protect nearby tissues. These applicators have an attachable plastic cap that removes secondary electrons generated in the applicator and flattens the treatment surface. The purpose of this study is to examine the dosimetric impact of this cap, and the effect if the cap is not placed during the HDR fraction delivery. Methods: Monte Carlo simulations have been done using the code Geant4 for the Valencia and Leipzig applicators. Dose rate distributions have been obtained for the applicators with and without the plastic cap. An experimental study using EBT3 radiochromic film has been realized in order to verify the Monte Carlo results. Results: The Monte Carlo simulations show that absorbed dose in the first millimeter of skin can increase up to 180% for the Valencia applicator if the plastic cap is absent and up to 1500% for the Leipzig applicators. At deeper distances the increase of dose is smaller being about 10–15%. Conclusion: Important differences have been found if the plastic cap of the applicators is absent in the treatment producing an overdosage in the skin. The user should have a checklist to remind him check always before HDR fraction delivery to insure the plastic cap is placed on the applicator. This work was supported in part by Generalitat Valenciana under Project PROMETEOII/2013/010, by the Spanish Government under Project No. FIS2013-42156, and by a research agreement with Elekta Brachytherapy, Veenendaal, The Netherlands.

  4. SU-F-T-63: Dosimetric Relevance of the Valencia and Leipzig HDR Applicators Plastic Cap

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Granero, D; Candela-Juan, C; Vijande, J; Ballester, F; Perez-Calatayud, J; Jacob, D; Mourtada, F

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: Utilization of HDR brachytherapy treatment of skin lesions using collimated applicators, such as the Valencia or Leipzig is increasing. These applicators are made of cup-shaped tungsten material in order to focalize the radiation into the lesion and to protect nearby tissues. These applicators have an attachable plastic cap that removes secondary electrons generated in the applicator and flattens the treatment surface. The purpose of this study is to examine the dosimetric impact of this cap, and the effect if the cap is not placed during the HDR fraction delivery. Methods: Monte Carlo simulations have been done using the code Geant4 for the Valencia and Leipzig applicators. Dose rate distributions have been obtained for the applicators with and without the plastic cap. An experimental study using EBT3 radiochromic film has been realized in order to verify the Monte Carlo results. Results: The Monte Carlo simulations show that absorbed dose in the first millimeter of skin can increase up to 180% for the Valencia applicator if the plastic cap is absent and up to 1500% for the Leipzig applicators. At deeper distances the increase of dose is smaller being about 10–15%. Conclusion: Important differences have been found if the plastic cap of the applicators is absent in the treatment producing an overdosage in the skin. The user should have a checklist to remind him check always before HDR fraction delivery to insure the plastic cap is placed on the applicator. This work was supported in part by Generalitat Valenciana under Project PROMETEOII/2013/010, by the Spanish Government under Project No. FIS2013-42156, and by a research agreement with Elekta Brachytherapy, Veenendaal, The Netherlands.

  5. [Variations in antihypertensive drug utilization among primary care areas in the autonomous region of Valencia (Spain)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanfélix-Gimeno, Gabriel; Peiró, Salvador; Librero, Julián

    2010-01-01

    To estimate consumption of five subgroups of antihypertensive drugs by primary care areas and to analyze its variation. We performed an ecological, descriptive study of antihypertensive consumption in 239 primary care areas in the autonomous region of Valencia in 2005 followed by analysis of the variability observed. The 239 primary care areas were studied by descriptive analysis of dispensation [defined daily dose (DDD) per 1,000 inhabitants/day in pensioners (DDD/1000p/day) and in the active population (DDD/1000a/day)] and standardized consumption ratios. Small-area variation analysis was used to analyze the observed variability. Associations among dispensations of the distinct therapeutic subgroups were also analyzed. Overall antihypertensive use in the autonomous region of Valencia in 2005 was 235.6DDD/1000/day. This consumption was concentrated in pensioners (800DDD/1000p/day vs. 73DDD/1000a/day). Consumption of antihypertensive subgroups oscillated from 442DDD/1000p/day for drugs with action on the renin-angiotensin system to 32DDD/1000p/day for doxazosin. The active population showed similar patterns. Variation in consumption was moderate, with coefficients of variation from 0.20 to 0.40 (slightly greater for the active population). Associations among dispensations of the different therapeutic subgroups were strong. This study shows major variations in the overall consumption of antihypertensive drugs among primary care areas of the autonomous region of Valencia. These results suggest that variation may be associated with problems of underutilization in areas with lower consumption. Copyright © 2010 SESPAS. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  6. [Drugs use in pregnancy in the Valencia Region and the risk of congenital anomalies].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cavero-Carbonell, Clara; Gimeno-Martos, Silvia; Páramo-Rodríguez, Lucía; Rabanaque-Hernández, María José; Martos-Jiménez, Carmen; Zurriaga, Óscar

    2017-09-01

    Despite the potential risks of drug use during pregnancy, consumption has increased in recent decades. To identify the risk of congenital anomalies (CA) associated with the use of drugs in primary care in pregnant women residents in the Valencia Region. A case-control study, considering a case as a less than one year old live birth in 2009-2010, diagnosed with a CA and resident in the Valencia Region, obtained from the CA population-based registry. Controls were selected from the Metabolic Disease Registry, and the drugs prescribed and dispensed from the Integral Management of Pharmaceutical Services. Crude odds ratio (OR) was calculated with its 95% confidence intervals and adjusted OR was calculated using logistic regression. A total of 1,913 cases and 3,826 controls were identified. The most frequently used drug groups were those acting on the musculoskeletal, nervous and respiratory systems, on the blood and blood forming organs, and anti-infection drugs. The most common drugs used were ibuprofen, dexketoprofen, paracetamol, amoxicillin, ferrous sulphate, and a combination of folic acid. A significantly increased risk of CA was identified for drugs acting on the musculoskeletal system (adjusted OR 1.14 [95% confidence interval 1.02-1.28]). A significantly decreased risk was observed for drugs acting on the blood and blood forming organs (adjusted OR 0.87 [95% confidence interval 0.78-0.98]). Associations between drugs and CA in pregnant women resident in the Valencia Region have been identified for drugs that act as risk factors of CA, and for drugs that act as protective factors of CA. Copyright © 2016 Asociación Española de Pediatría. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  7. PLAN DE EMPRESA. APERTURA DE UNA FRANQUICIA LLAO LLAO EN VALENCIA

    OpenAIRE

    PUCHADES PUCHADES, VANESSA

    2017-01-01

    [ES] En el presente plan de empresa se expone la estrategia que se va a desarrollar para la apertura de una franquicia llaollao en la ciudad de Valencia. Esta franquicia se dedica a la elaboración y venta de yogurt helado, producto que está lleno de propiedades beneficiosas para la salud por estar elaborado artesanalmente y contener muy poco azúcar, materia grasa y calorías. Para analizar la viabilidad del proyecto, se han ido desarrollando una serie de apartados que se especifican en el ...

  8. La construcción del proyecto neoclásico de la Catedral de Valencia

    OpenAIRE

    Cortés Meseguer, Luis

    2016-01-01

    El interés del desarrollo de esta tesis surge tras el Trabajo Final de Master de Conservación del Patrimonio Arquitectónico por el doctorando en 2006, cuyo título fue Catalogación del Archivo Ferrant e investigación de las obras de restauración del descubrimiento de la obra gótica en la catedral de Valencia, siendo tutor el Dr. Julián Esteban. En dicho trabajo se estudiaron las obras de demolición de la arquitectura neoclásica, dirigidas principalmente por Alejandro Fe...

  9. La esclavitud en Valencia durante la Baja Edad Media (1375-1425)

    OpenAIRE

    Marzal Palacios, Fco. Javier

    2006-01-01

    RESUMEN Esta Tesis Doctoral aborda el estudio de la esclavitud en la ciudad de Valencia de finales del siglo XIV y principios del XV, y en concreto de sus aspectos económicos y sociales. Para ello se emplea una gran cantidad de documentación (toda ella procedente de archivos valencianos), que podemos dividir en cuatro grandes bloques: la procedente de la Bailía General del Reino, la notarial, la de justicia y la municipal. Del mismo modo, también se recurre a la bibliografía, bien sobre la...

  10. Reclutamiento y reclutas en la ciudad de Valencia (1717-1762)

    OpenAIRE

    Cumplido Muñoz, José Ramón

    2017-01-01

    La presente investigación tiene como objetivo el estudio y análisis del reclutamiento mediante el proceso de quintas en la ciudad de Valencia y las poblaciones incluidas en su jurisdicción durante un período que se iniciaría en 1717 con la primera quinta que Felipe V realizó una vez finalizada la guerra de Sucesión. El año que cierra el período analizado corresponde a 1762, cuando tuvo lugar la última quinta realizada antes de la instauración por Carlos III de este proceso de reclutamiento co...

  11. La escalera claustral del real colegio de Corpus Christi de Valencia

    OpenAIRE

    López González, María Concepción; ROMANÍ LÓPEZ, RAFAEL

    2015-01-01

    Objeto: En la ciudad de Valencia existen pocos ejemplos de arquitectura renacentista debido a la gran inercia que alcanzó el estilo gótico. Sin embargo entre los edificios más representativos del estilo italianizante se encuentra el Real Colegio de Corpus Christi (el Patriarca) que alberga una escalera claustral construida en piedra cuya tipología se enmarca en las denominadas por Alonso de Vandelvira escaleras adulcidas en cercha y supone un alarde en el dominio de la estereotomía por parte ...

  12. Predictors of driving after alcohol and drug use among adolescents in Valencia (Spain).

    OpenAIRE

    Tomás Dols, Sofía; Álvarez, Francisco Javier; Llorens, Noelia; Vidal-Infer, Antonio; Torrijo, María; Valderrama-Zurián, Juan Carlos

    2010-01-01

    Producción Científica Background: Driving under the influence of alcohol and drugs has been identified as a risk factor for road traffic crashes. We have assessed the prevalence and predictor factors for driving after alcohol and drug use by adolescents. Methods: A cross-sectional survey involving 11,239 students aged 14–18 years from 252 private and public schools in the Valencia region of Spain was conducted. The prevalence and predictors of driving after alcohol use, alco...

  13. Judíos extranjeros en el reino de Valencia durante la Baja Edad Media

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hinojosa Montalvo, José

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available During the Late Middle Ages, Valencia became an important business centre, where foreign Jews arrived to the city to trade. It was a commerce that, apart from the land route, preferably used the seaway, even though of the risks of piracy. They and their goods came protected by a safe-conduct from the general Baile of the kingdom. The role of the conversos was very important in their commercial contacts. Apart from the Portuguese Jews, which I took care of in another study, they were predominantly North Africans, others adding up from the Granadan Sultanate, the Mediterranean islands (Sardinia, Sicily and Malta, Provence and Germany. A list of these Jews documented in Valencian sources, as well as an unpublished document that illustrates the activity of a Portuguese Jew in Valencia is attached as an appendix.

    Durante la Baja Edad Media la ciudad de Valencia se convirtió en un importante emporio mercantil, lo que propició que a ella acudieran a negociar judíos extranjeros. Era un comercio que, además de la vía terrestre, utilizaba la vía marítima, a pesar de los riesgos de la piratería. Ellos y sus mercancías venían protegidos por un salvoconducto del baile general del reino. En sus contactos comerciales fue importante el papel de los conversos valencianos. Además de los judíos portugueses, de los que me ocupé en otro estudio, predominaban los norteafricanos, a los que se añadían los del sultanato de Granada, islas del Mediterráneo (Cerdeña, Sicilia y Malta, Provenza y Alemania. Se incluye una lista de estos judíos mencionados en fuentes valencianas, y un documento inédito que ilustra la actividad de un judío portugués en Valencia.

  14. ANÁLISIS Y PROPUESTA DE MEJORA DE UN RESTAURANTE EN LAS ARENAS DE VALENCIA

    OpenAIRE

    NIETO MENGOD, NAIARA

    2013-01-01

    El presente Trabajo Final de Carrera consiste en la realización de un análisis y propuesta de mejora de un restaurante ubicado en Las Arenas de Valencia. El trabajo está estructurado en nueve capítulos comenzando con uno de Introducción. En el segundo capítulo Antecedentes, se ha realizado una aproximación al sector del turismo donde se estudia la relevancia del mismo a nivel mundial, del país y de la Comunidad Valenciana. A continuación se hace una introducción al sector de la...

  15. PLAN DE EMPRESA PARA LA CREACION DE UNA ASESORIA INTEGRAL EN LA CIUDAD DE VALENCIA

    OpenAIRE

    GUILLÉN IBÁÑEZ, SANDRA

    2017-01-01

    [ES] El presente trabajo tiene como objetivo elaborar un plan de empresa para la posible creación de una asesoría integral en la ciudad de Valencia. Para la elaboración de dicho plan de empresa se definirán y estudiarán las características de la empresa, del mercado, de los recursos disponibles y se elaborará un plan de viabilidad del proyecto. Tras analizar el sector de la empresa, se concluye que aunque es un sector con mucha competencia y con un elevado crecimiento de est...

  16. Physico-chemical and bacteriological parameters in a hypereutrophic lagoon (Albufera Lake, Valencia, Spain).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aznar, R; Amaro, C; Garay, E; Alcaide, E

    1991-01-01

    Several physico-chemical parameters related to water quality, as well as saprophytic and public health-related heterotrophic bacterial groups were studied in a hypereutrophic lake (Albufera, Valencia) at different seasons. Total microscopic and viable counts were compared, and, together with faecal indicators, were determined in water samples from different sites. Heterotrophic bacteria grown on nonselective medium were identified to genus level and a diversity index was calculated. Pseudomonas-Alcaligenes was the most frequently isolated group from all sampling sites along the study, following by Moraxella, Acinetobacter, Vibrio and Aeromonas. The relationships between all parameters were searched by Principal Components Analysis (PCA).

  17. Seguimiento de la construcción de edificio 43 viviendas Av/ Juan XXIII Valencia

    OpenAIRE

    BURGOS ROMERO, LUIS

    2011-01-01

    Convenios con empresa. La obra prevé la construcción de un edificio de 41 viviendas VP + 2 viviendas libres, constando de 2 plantas sótano para uso de aparcamiento y trasteros, planta baja con local comercial, 8 plantas con 5 viviendas por planta y una planta ático con 3 viviendas. La obra está en su fase de estructura, habiéndose realizado las plantas de sótano. Burgos Romero, L. (2011). Seguimiento de la construcción de edificio 43 viviendas Av/ Juan XXIII Valencia. http://hdl.handle.net...

  18. La restauración de la puerta del Miguelete de la Catedral de Valencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Ignacio Casar Pinazo

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available This article explains in detail the history of the conception of the Baroque portal of Valencia Cathedral and narrates the vicissitudes of its existence up to the time of the emergency works carried out by Fernando Chueca in 1982. This information was the basis for the recent restoration works performed by the authors, who needed to engage in profound reflection about the intervention criteria applicable in this case and came up against all sorts of problems in the execution of their work.

  19. Análisis y propuesta de mejora en un despacho de abogados de Valencia

    OpenAIRE

    MELO ALOS, MARIA

    2014-01-01

    El presente Trabajo Final de Carrera consiste en Analizar un despacho de abogados en Valencia, concretamente, Sánchez Abogados, con la finalidad de detectar las debilidades o aspectos que puedan corregirse para un mejor funcionamiento del mismo, teniendo en cuenta las amenazas del entorno, con el fin de diseñar unas propuestas de mejora; aprovechando las fortalezas y oportunidades del despacho. En primer lugar, se realiza un análisis del sector de la Abogacía, en d...

  20. La estancia de Isaac Albéniz en Valencia en 1882

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alemany Ferrer, Victoria

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This work focuses on documenting the public performances that a young Issac Albéniz presented in Valencia during the summer of 1882 at barely twenty years of age. These concerts, wihch formed part of a tour that he then performed as a solo pianist in the Levante area (as well as in Alicante, Cartagena and Alcoy, can be taken as a reference of performance activity that Albéniz was able develop in the Spanish provincial capitals (out of Madrid and Barcelona. Likewise, it collects information about the social repercussion that such performances had in the city, the way in which its citizens welcomed the artist is described (staying in Valencia for at least twenty one days, and the relationships that he established with certain Valencian artists of that era, as well as equally young musicians, painters and sculptors, is analysed, who themselves went to enjoy a certain level of celebrity, nationally and even internationally.

    Este trabajo se centra en documentar las actuaciones públicas que ofreció un joven Isaac Albéniz con apenas veintidós años en Valencia durante el verano de 1882. Dichos conciertos, que formaban parte de una gira que entonces realizó como pianista solista por el levante español (también estuvo en Alicante, Cartagena y Alcoy, pueden tomarse como referencia de la actividad interpretativa que pudo desarrollar Albéniz en capitales de provincias españolas (fuera de grandes ciudades como Madrid y Barcelona hacia finales del siglo XIX. Asimismo, se recoge información sobre la repercusión social que tuvieron dichas actuaciones en la ciudad, se describe la forma en que sus ciudadanos acogieron al artista (que permaneció en Valencia durante, al menos, veintiún días y se analizan las relaciones que estableció con algunos artistas valencianos de la época, músicos, pintores y escultores jóvenes como él, que después lograron alcanzar cierta celebridad en ámbito nacional e incluso internacional.

  1. Yield mapping, soil fertility and tree gaps in an orange orchard

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Paulo Molin

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The current high competition on Citrus industry demands from growers new management technologies for superior efficiency and sustainability. In this context, precision agriculture (PA has developed techniques based on yield mapping and management systems that recognize field spatial variability, which contribute to increase profitability of commercial crops. Because spatial variability is often not perceived the orange orchards are still managed as uniform and adoption of PA technology on citrus farms is low. Thus, the objective of the present study was to characterize the spatial variability of three factors: fruit yield, soil fertility and occurrence of plant gaps caused by either citrus blight or huanglongbing (HLB in a commercial Valencia orchard in Brotas, São Paulo State, Brazil. Data from volume, geographic coordinates and representative area of the bags used on harvest were recorded to generate yield points that were then interpolated to produce the yield map. Soil chemical characteristics were studied by analyzing samples collected along planting rows and inter-rows in 24 points distributed in the field. A map of density of tree gaps was produced by georeferencing individual gaps and later by counting the number of gaps within 500 m² cells. Data were submitted to statistical and geostatistical analyses. A t test was used to compare means of soil chemical characteristics between sampling regions. High variation on yield and density of tree gaps was observed from the maps. It was also demonstrated overlapping regions of high density of plant absence and low fruit yield. Soil fertility varied depending on the sampling region in the orchard. The spatial variability found on yield, soil fertility and on disease occurrence demonstrated the importance to adopt site specific nutrient management and disease control as tools to guarantee efficiency of fruit production.

  2. EFEKTIVITAS AROMATERAPI BITTER ORANGE TERHADAP NYERI POST PARTUM SECTIO CAESAREA

    OpenAIRE

    Sri Utami

    2016-01-01

    Surgery that causes severe pain physiological response as compared to a normal delivery was called sectio caesarea. The alternative to reduce pain with bitter orange aroma therapy. Bitter orange aroma therapy is to give the effect of reducing the muscle tensions and stress the body as a whole with the goal of keeping the body and mind into a relaxed. This research was aimed to explore the effectiveness of bitter orange aroma therapy for reduction pain in post partum sectio caesarea. The metho...

  3. [Lope de Vegas comedy "Los locos de Valencia" a view of a 16th century psychiatric institution].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dieckhöfer, K

    1975-01-01

    With the comedy "Los locos de Valencia" (The Insane of Valencia) Lope de Vega left us valuable evidence of the nursing of the insane in the 16th century. After a summarizing presentation of the intricate plot of the play the manifold details about admission, general treatment of the mentally ill as well as the habits in the oldest psychiatric institution of the world are communicated and analysed by means of citations form comedy. Furthermore, an attempt is being made to demonstrate the nosolgic understanding of the Humanist and non-physician Lope de Vega for the psychiatric conditions and way of living from the same source.

  4. La lucha por el mantenimiento de un huerto de simples en la universidad de Valencia durante el siglo XVII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felipo, Amparo

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available This article deepens on the efforts made during the 17th century by Medicine professors and students, Pharmacist Associations as well as surgeons and magistrates from Valencia directed toward the creation and mantenaince of a garden destinated to the growing of medicinal plants from worldwide.

    Este artículo profundiza en los esfuerzos realizados durante el siglo XVII por catedráticos y estudiantes de Medicina, colegios de boticarios y cirujanos y magistrados municipales de Valencia orientados a la creación y mantenimiento de un huerto destinado al cultivo de plantas medicinales procedentes de diferentes partes del mundo.

  5. Plan de empresa de asesoría para autónomos y pymes en Valencia

    OpenAIRE

    LLORENS GARRIDO, JUAN FRANCISCO

    2017-01-01

    [ES] El proyecto que se presenta en este trabajo corresponde a un plan de empresa para la creación de una asesoría fiscal para autónomos y pymes con sede en Valencia capital. La idea de negocio consiste en captar autónomos y sociedades de pequeña dimensión en Valencia, para gestionarles la contabilidad y fiscalidad. De modo presencial, en las oficinas y domicilios de los clientes, y a través de un sitio web, se propone intercambiar y recoger facturas emitidas y recibidas ...

  6. Recovery of aroma compounds from orange essential oil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haypek E.

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this work was to study the recovery of aroma compounds present in the orange essential oil using experimental data from CUTRALE (a Brazilian Industry of Concentrated Orange Juice. The intention was to reproduce the industrial unit and afterwards to optimize the recovery of aroma compounds from orange essential oil by liquid-liquid extraction. The orange oil deterpenation was simulated using the commercial software PRO/II 4.0 version 1.0. The UNIFAC model was chosen for the calculation of the activity coefficients.

  7. Ukraine's Orange Revolution and U.S. Policy

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Woehrel, Steven

    2005-01-01

    In January 2005, Viktor Yushchenko became Ukraine's new President, after massive demonstrations helped to overturn the former regime's electoral fraud, in what has been dubbed the "Orange Revolution...

  8. Rumah Orang Huaulu, Pulau Seram Maluku Tengah

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucas Wattimena

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available House of Huaulu, Seram Island in Central Mollucas district has several aspects related to the pattern of the building, the building materials used, as well as the pattern of worked. The purpose of this researches is to known and understand what kind of aspects are contained in the house of Huaulu People. The method uses ethnoarcheology approach, the data collection techniques interview, observation and literature study. The analysis was performed by descriptive follow aspects of ethnoarchaeology. The results showed that the House of Huaulu People, has two aspects. First aspect of knowledge covering the level of understanding in working on the house, the house view of the cosmos, as well as the art of decorative patterns that interpret the cultural social life. Second, the technological aspect is the level of knowledge and understanding of the tools and materials used for the construction of the house. Rumah Orang Huaulu, Pulau Seram Kabupaten Maluku Tengah memiliki beberapa aspek yang terkait dengan pola bangunan, bahan bangunan yang digunakan, serta pola pengerjaannya.Tujuan penelitian untuk mengetahui dan memahami aspek-aspek apa saja yang terdapat pada rumah Orang Huaulu. Metode menggunakan  pendekatan etnoarkeologi, dengan teknik pengumpulan data wawancara, observasi dan studi kepustakaan. Analisis dilakukan secara deskriptif mengikuti aspek-aspek dalam Etnoarkeologi. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa Rumah Orang Huaulu memiliki dua aspek. Pertama aspek pengetahuan meliputi tingkat pemahaman dalam mengerjakan rumah, pandangan terhadap kosmos rumah, serta seni pola hias yang menginterprestasikan kehidupan sosial budayanya. Kedua, Aspek teknologi yaitu tingkat pengetahuan dan pemahaman tentang alat dan bahan yang digunakan untuk pengerjaan rumah.

  9. Enumeration of mycoplasmas after acridine orange staining.

    OpenAIRE

    Rosendal, S; Valdivieso-Garcia, A

    1981-01-01

    Samples of liquid mycoplasma cultures were mixed with equal part of a 0.01% solution of acridine orange and placed on agar plates. The number of fluorescing organisms per field was counted in an epifluorescence microscope at an X 1,000 magnification. When the number of fluorescing organisms per field was related to the number of colony-forming units per milliliter during the growth cycle, highly significant correlation was found in cultures with greater than or equal to 10(6) colony-forming u...

  10. Las visitas de inspección a la ciudad de Valencia durante el siglo XVI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amparo FELIPO

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: Las visitas, como procedimiento de control de la gestión de gobierno y administración municipal, constituyeron una constante en la ciudad de Valencia bajo los dos Austrias mayores. Iniciadas por orden de Carlos V inmediatamente después de las Germanías, tuvieron continuidad durante todo su reinado en las encomendadas sucesivamente a Pedro de La Gasea, al racional Granulles, al obispo de Elna, a Hernán Pérez y a Diego de Cardona. Y fueron reanudadas bajo Felipe II con la encargada a Pedro Clavero y Juan Antonio de Ancora, proseguida por Agustín Gallart y Jerónimo Arrufat, en el contexto de la crisis financiera de la década de los sesenta.ABSTRACT: The visits, as procedure of control of government's measures and municipal administration, constituted a constant in the city of Valencia under the two bigger Austrias. Begun immediately by order of Carlos V after the Germanías, they had continuity during all their reigned in those commended Pedro de La Gasea successively, to the rational Granulles, to the bishop of Elna, to Hernán Pérez and to Diego de Cardona. And they were renewed under Felipe II with the one in charge to Pedro Clavero and Juan Antonio de Ancora, continued by Agustín Gallart and Jerónimo Arrufat, in the context of the financial crisis of the sixty decade.

  11. Atmospheric contamination in the city of Valencia: Relation to noise and climate

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Morales Suarez-Varela, M.M.; Escriva-Peyro, C.; Orden-Gil, A.L.; Manes-Vinuesa, J.; Font, G.; Llopis-Gonzalez, A. (Valencia Univ. (Spain))

    1990-07-01

    A qualitative and quantitative study is made of the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), nitrogen oxide, and sulfur dioxide in the atmosphere of the city of Valencia for the period 1988-1989; an analysis is made of their concentrations during the year in terms of season and noise levels. Eleven sampling points in the city were used to determine PAH composition by reverse-phase, high-resolution liquid chromatography with fluorimetric detection, employing an acetonitrile-water gradient; nitrogen oxides and sulfur dioxide were determined by the Valencia city government. Environmental noise levels were determined using a BK 2221 integrated precision sonometer, and temperature values were obtained from the city Meteorological Institute. Daily PAH values varied between 0.1769 and 2.0916 micrograms/m3, whereas the figures for nitrogen oxide were between 91.5 and 100.67 micrograms/m3 during 1982-1989 (only one value, 58.01 micrograms/m3, is available for 1988-1989, corresponding to the Mercadona sampling point), and between 17.33 and 129.36 micrograms/m3 for sulfur dioxide for a total of 9 sampling points; the highest concentrations were recorded in the winter and spring months, the association between PAH and temperature being statistically significant (p less than or equal to .05). The relation to noise was also significant (p less than or equal to .005), Fluoranthene was the predominant PAH in all samples analyzed.

  12. Characterization of wildland-urban interfaces for fire prevention in the province of Valencia (Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Madrigal Olmo

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Aim of study. The present study is the first attempt to characterize and map wildland-urban interfaces (WUIs in eastern Spain (province of Valencia and its relationship with wildfire occurrence. Area of study. The study area is located in eastern Spain in the province of Valencia. The area covers 246,426 ha and includes four administrative departments comprising 86 municipalities.Material and methods. The methodology integrates housing density and vegetation aggregation for large-scale fire prevention using the WUImap ® ARC GIS tool. A PLS model was developed to relate wildfire occurrence and WUI typologies.Main results. The results show that 21% of housing can be considered as WUIs, highlighting the high degree of fire hazard in the study area. The PLS model shows that the 4 typologies outside of WUI present lower significance than most of WUI typologies. The types of WUI most related to fire occurrence (Number of Fires and Area Burned are Insolated and Scattered housing with Low or High vegetation aggregation. The type Insolated housing with low aggregation presents the highest significance to explain wildfire occurrence.Research highlights: A significant relationship between wildfire occurrence the study area and WUI has been demonstrated. The obtained results verify the ability of WUImap tool in classifying large-scale administrative departments and its suitability for application to prioritize preventive actions in the Mediterranean areasKey words: Housing density; PLS (Partial Least Squares model; vegetation aggregation; WUImap.

  13. [Exposure to nitrogen dioxide and respiratory health at 2 years in the INMA-Valencia cohort].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gutiérrez Oyarce, Alejandra; Ferrero, Amparo; Estarlich, Marisa; Esplugues, Ana; Iñiguez, Carmen; Ballester, Ferran

    2017-07-25

    To analyze the association between exposure to nitrogen dioxide (NO 2 ) during pregnancy and the postnatal period up to the age of 2 years old and the incidence of respiratory problems in children from the INMA-Valencia cohort. The study population included 624 children from the INMA-Valencia cohort. Individual exposure to NO 2 was estimated in different environments outside the home during pregnancy and up to the age of 2 using empirical measurement and data from geo-statistical methods. Respiratory symptoms were obtained from a questionnaire applied at the age of two. The association between NO 2 exposure and respiratory symptoms was performed using multivariate logistic regression. The cumulative incidence was 16.3% for persistent cough, 34.9% for wheezing and 27.6% for lower respiratory tract infections. No association was found between respiratory symptoms and exposure to NO 2 in any of the children. However an association between NO 2 exposure and persistent cough was found at two years of life in the children with a parental history of allergy. NO 2 exposure would lead to persistent cough in children with a parental history of allergies. Copyright © 2017 SESPAS. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  14. Commissioning and quality assurance procedures for the HDR Valencia skin applicators

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Domingo Granero

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available The Valencia applicators (Nucletron, an Elekta company, Elekta AB, Stockholm, Sweden are cup-shaped tungsten applicators with a flattening filter used to collimate the radiation produced by a high-dose-rate (HDR 192 Ir source, and provide a homogeneous absorbed dose at a given depth. This beam quality provides a good option for the treatment of skin lesions at shallow depth (3-4 mm. The user must perform commissioning and periodic testing of these applicators to guarantee the proper and safe delivery of the intended absorbed dose, as recommended in the standards in radiation oncology. In this study, based on AAPM and GEC-ESTRO guidelines for brachytherapy units and our experience, a set of tests for the commissioning and periodic testing of the Valencia applicators is proposed. These include general considerations, verification of the manufacturer documentation and physical integrity, evaluation of the source-to-indexer distance and reproducibility, setting the library plan in the treatment planning system, evaluation of flatness and symmetry, absolute output and percentage depth dose verification, independent calculation of the treatment time, and visual inspection of the applicator before each treatment. For each test, the proposed methodology, equipment, frequency, expected results, and tolerance levels (when applicable are provided.

  15. La edad pupilar y la mayoría de edad en la Valencia medieval

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Obarrio Moreno, Juan Alfredo

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The present work considers the study and the juridical consequences of the transition from minority to adulthood in the former Kingdom of Valencia. More specifi cally, it addresses issues such as the necessary presence of the tutor or guardian of the minor, his juridical incapacity or the prohibitions to which they were subjected. Regarding adulthood, the focus is primarily on the so-called benefi t of the age and its application in the contractual sphere.

    El presente trabajo aborda el estudio y las consecuencias jurídicas del tránsito de la edad pupilar a la mayoría de edad en el antiguo Reino de Valencia. En concreto, con relación al menor se abordan cuestiones como la necesaria presencia del tutor o curador para el menor, su incapacidad jurídica o las prohibiciones a las que se hallaban sometidos. Por lo que hace referencia a la mayoría de edad, nos centramos fundamentalmente en el denominado beneficio de la edad y su aplicación en el ámbito contractual.

  16. PROGRAM PENGHITUNG JUMLAH ORANG LEWAT MENGGUNAKAN WEBCAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sudianto Lande

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available The amount of public places's visitor data is very important. Usually we get it manually. AT the moment, video camera has been used for security. Therefor, the people counter software has been made using Normalized Sum-squared difference (NSSD method that take differences the sum of frame fixel and background, squared it then normalized by detection window area. The NSSD values that have been count then thresholded to detect the people occurance in detection window. This project is made using Borland Delphi 5.0 with Tvideo component. Corect people counting percentation of more than 90% was obtained. The succesness of this program depends on the right thresholding values. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Data jumlah pengunjung suatu tempat umum sangat penting. Data jumlah pengunjung biasanya didapat secara manual. Saat ini kamera video telah diterapkan untuk kepentingan keamanan. Karena itu dibuatlah program penghitung jumlah pengunjung dengan metode Normalized Sum-Squared Differences (NSSD yang mengambil selisih jumlah pixel frame dan background dan dikuadratkan, dinormalisasi dengan luasan detection window. Nilai NSSD yang didapat diseleksi dengan proses thresholding untuk mendeteksi keberadaan orang pada detection window. Penelitian ini dibuat dengan menggunakan Borland Delphi 5.0, dengan tambahan komponen TVideo. Program ini secara keseluruhan menunjukkan keberhasilan lebih dari 90%. Keberhasilan dari program ini sangat dipengaruhi oleh penentuan nilai threshold yang tepat. Kata kunci: penghitungan orang, sensor kamera, NSSD, Image processing.

  17. Factors associated with edentulousness in an elderly population in Valencia (Spain Factores asociados con el edentulismo en población anciana de Valencia (España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Vicenta Eustaquio-Raga

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To determine the prevalence of edentulism and its association with various socioeconomic factors and oral health habits in the population aged 65-74 years old in the region of Valencia. Methods: A cross sectional study was designed. Thirty-four primary health centers and five nursing homes were chosen at random in the region of Valencia (10-15 voluntary participants per sampling point. Clinical examinations were carried out by three calibrated dentists (kappa>0.85 in the same centers. The total sample consisted of 531 individuals (235 men and 296 women. Results: The percentage of toothlessness was 20.7% and the mean number of natural teeth present was 14.92. The prevalence of edentulism was significantly higher (p Objetivo: Determinar la prevalencia del edentulismo y su asociación con diferentes factores socioeconómicos y de hábitos de salud oral en la población valenciana de 65 a 74 años de edad. Métodos: Se diseñó un estudio transversal. Se seleccionaron aleatoriamente 34 centros de salud de atención primaria y cinco residencias geriátricas de la Comunidad Valenciana (10 a 15 individuos voluntarios por punto de muestreo. Las exploraciones clínicas las realizaron tres odontólogos previamente calibrados (kappa>0.85 en los mismos centros. La muestra total fue de 531 personas, 235 hombres y 296 mujeres. Resultados: El porcentaje de desdentados totales fue de 20,7, y la media de dientes naturales presente de 14,92. La prevalencia de edentulismo fue significativamente mayor (p <0.05 en los hombres, en las personas institucionalizadas, que no tienen estudios, con pobre higiene oral, que visitan regularmente al odontólogo y en las que viven en zonas periurbanas o rurales. En un modelo de regresión logística multivariada con el edentulismo como variable dependiente se han hallado como variables significativas la institucionalización (odds ratio [OR]=2,88, la pobre higiene oral (OR=2,35, las visitas regulares al odont

  18. Comparison of Nutritional Status between Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder and Typically Developing Children in the Mediterranean Region (Valencia, Spain)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marí-Bauset, Salvador; Llopis-González, Agustín; Zazpe, Itziar; Marí-Sanchis, Amelia; Morales Suárez-Varela, Maria

    2017-01-01

    This case-control study investigated nutrient intake, healthy eating index with 10 items on foods and nutrients, on 3-day food diaries and anthropometric measurements in 105 children with autism spectrum disorder and 495 typically developing children (6-9 years) in Valencia (Spain). Children with autism spectrum disorder were at a higher risk for…

  19. In Vogue: How Valencia Community College Used a High-Fashion Marketing Campaign to Sharpen Its Image

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campagnuolo, Christian

    2008-01-01

    Not unlike many community colleges across the country, Valencia Community College, located in Orlando, Florida, has been working to better connect with its constituents. In an era in which the Internet is opening new lines of communication between schools and prospective students, more community colleges are tapping into the opportunities inherent…

  20. Procedencia geográfica y edad de los estudiantes de derecho de Valencia durante la Restauración

    OpenAIRE

    Blasco Gil, Yolanda

    1998-01-01

    En este trabajo analizamos el perfil del estudiante universitario durante el periodo de la Restauración en las Facultad de Derecho de la Universidad de Valencia. Se hace hincapie en los siguientes aspectos: procedencia geográfica y edad. Para ello consultamos entre otras fuentes los libros de matrícula y grado...

  1. Estudio y propuesta de intervención de la Ermita de Santa Lucía de Valencia

    OpenAIRE

    SANCHO ROCA, FERNANDO

    2011-01-01

    El proyecto incluye estudio histórico, levantamiento de planos, estudio de patologías, y una propuesta de intervención Sancho Roca, F. (2011). Estudio y propuesta de intervención de la Ermita de Santa Lucía de Valencia. http://hdl.handle.net/10251/12238. Archivo delegado

  2. Rooted Rights Systems in Turbulent Water: The Dynamics of Collective Fishing Rights in La Albufera, Valencia, Spain

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boelens, R.A.; Claudin, V.

    2015-01-01

    Valencia's Albufera Lake is a wetlands area where different sociolegal systems interact. Its El Palmar community is governed by customary laws for fishing and territorial control. These exist alongside, yet in tension with, governmental laws. This article examines the dynamics of fishing rights,

  3. Diverging realities: how framing, values and water management are interwoven in the Albufera de Valencia wetland in Spain

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hulshof, Mieke; Vos, Jeroen

    2016-01-01

    The Albufera de Valencia is a coastal wetland in south-eastern Spain that has suffered from low water quality since the 1970s. This article explores two divergent framings or imaginaries of the Albufera as a hydrosocial territory. The first, the agro-economic waterscape framing, focuses on the

  4. Rooted rights systems in turbulent waters: the dynamics of collective fishing rights in La Albufera, Valencia, Spain

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boelens, R.; Claudin, V.

    2015-01-01

    Valencia's Albufera Lake is a wetlands area where different sociolegal systems interact. Its El Palmar community is governed by customary laws for fishing and territorial control. These exist alongside, yet in tension with, governmental laws. This article examines the dynamics of fishing rights,

  5. Transformations accompanying a shift from surface to drip irrigation in the Cànyoles Watershed, Valencia, Spain

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sese-Minguez, Saioa; Boesveld, Harm; Asins-Velis, Sabina; Kooij, van der Saskia; Maroulis, Jerry

    2017-01-01

    Drip irrigation is widely promoted in Spain to increase agricultural production and to save water. In the Cànyoles watershed, Valencia, we analysed the consequences of change from surface irrigation to drip irrigation over the past 25 years. There were a number of transformations resulting from,

  6. The agronomic performance and acceptability of orange fleshed ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The introduction of improved orange-fleshed sweetpotato (Ipomea batatas) varieties from the International Potato Centre (CIP) was a result of recognising the negative health effects of vitamin A deficiency in Tanzania. Orange varieties, which are rich in β-carotene, were considered one of the sustainable strategies for ...

  7. Removal of some metal ions from aqueous solution using orange ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In this study, the use of orange mesocarp residue biomass (modified and unmodified) as a costeffective and environmentally safe technique to remove Mg2+, Zn2+, Cu2+, Pb2+ from aqueous solution was investigated. The results showed that unmodified orange mesocarp residue bound 56% of Mg2+, 81% of Zn2+, 71% of ...

  8. The preservative potentials of sweet orange seed oil on leather ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Orange seed oil was extracted using the steam distillation method. The fungi isolated from the leather samples were Aspergillus niger, Aspergillus fumigatus, Aspergillus flavus, Paecilomyces sp., Penicillium sp., Rhizopus nigricans and Alternaria sp. However, the fungal species vary from person to person. The orange seed ...

  9. Integrated nutrient management for orange-fleshed sweet potato in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In the rainforest of south eastern Nigeria, new varieties of orange-fleshed sweet potatoes (Ipomea batatas Lam) have been introduced but appropriate soil nutrient management for these cultivars is lacking. The present study evaluated the response of two varieties of orange-fleshed sweet potatoes (Umuspo 1 and Umuspo ...

  10. Comparative effect of honey, orange juice, glucose and milk as ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A fifty-six day experiment was carried out to determine the effect of using honey, orange juice, glucose and milk as water additives on the performance and carcass qualities of broiler chickens. Water alone served as treatment 1 (control) while 100ml of honey, orange juice, glucose and milk each served as treatments 2, 3, ...

  11. Potential of orange and yellow fleshed sweetpotato cultivars for ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The potential of orange and yellow fleshed sweetpotato cultivars as a dietary source of Vitamin A in Mpigi and Luwero Districts of central Uganda was evaluated. On-farm agronomic performance, acceptability and b-carotene content of two orange (SPK004 and 316) and two yellow fleshed (Tanzania and 52) sweetpotato ...

  12. The mechanism of cloud loss phenomena in orange juice

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Krop, J.J.P.

    1974-01-01

    The importance of many factors for the cloud stability of orange juice was investigated. By the determination of methanol, cloud loss of orange juice could be ascribed directly to the action of pectin esterase. However, clarification only occurs if calcium ions are available to precipitate the low

  13. Comparative and demographic analysis of orang-utan genomes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Locke, Devin P.; Hillier, LaDeana W.; Warren, Wesley C.

    2011-01-01

    Orang-utan’ is derived from a Malay term meaning ‘man of the forest’ and aptly describes the southeast Asian great apes native to Sumatra and Borneo. The orang-utan species, Pongo abelii (Sumatran) and Pongo pygmaeus (Bornean), are the most phylogenetically distant great apes from humans, thereb...

  14. Advancing the Orang Asli through Malaysia's Clusters of Excellence Policy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohd Asri Mohd Noor

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Since gaining independence in 1957, the government of Malaysia has introduced various programmes to improve the quality of life of the Orang Asli (aboriginal people. The Ministry of Education, for example, is committed in providing education for all including the children of Orang Asli. However, whilst the number of Orang Asli children enrolled in primary and secondary schools has increased significantly over the last decade, the dropout rate among them is still high. This has been attributed to factors such as culture, school location, poverty, pedagogy and many more. The discussion in this article is drawn upon findings from fieldwork study at an Orang Asli village in Johor, Malaysia. This article discusses efforts in raising educational attainment of the Orang Asli through the implementation of the Clusters of Excellence Policy. In so doing it highlights the achievement of the policy and issues surrounding its implementation at the site.

  15. Aerial Photography and Imagery, Ortho-Corrected - 2012 Digital Orthophotos - Orange County

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC Education | GIS Inventory — This metadata describes the digital orthoimagery covering Orange County, FL. This orthoimagery was collected under contract to the Orange County Property Appraiser...

  16. El mosaico del centauro, un eco de la antigüedad clásica en el Museo de Bellas Artes de Valencia

    OpenAIRE

    Alejos Morán, Asunción

    1992-01-01

    EN EL MUSEO DE BELLAS ARTES DE VALENCIA SE CONSERVA UN MOSAICO (57 X 59 CM.) EN EL QUE SE REPRESENTA LA LUCHA ENTRE UN CENTAURO Y UN TIGRE. PROCEDE DEL LEGADO QUE DON FRANCISCO MARTINEZ BLANCH HIZO A LA REAL ACADEMIA DE SAN CARLOS DE VALENCIA EN 1835. SE TRATA DE UNA IMITACION RENACENTISTA DE UN PAVIMENTO MOSAICO DE LA VILLA DE ADRIANO EN TIVOLI, ACTUALMENTE EN EL STAATLICHE MUSEUM DE BERLIN, SI BIEN LA VERSION DE VALENCIA ELIMINA TRES DE LAS FIGURAS DEL ORIGINAL. LA MITOLOGIA GRECORROMANA PR...

  17. Identification of a large, fast-expanding HIV-1 subtype B transmission cluster among MSM in Valencia, Spain.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Ángel Patiño-Galindo

    Full Text Available We describe and characterize an exceptionally large HIV-1 subtype B transmission cluster occurring in the Comunidad Valenciana (CV, Spain. A total of 1806 HIV-1 protease-reverse transcriptase (PR/RT sequences from different patients were obtained in the CV between 2004 and 2014. After subtyping and generating a phylogenetic tree with additional HIV-1 subtype B sequences, a very large transmission cluster which included almost exclusively sequences from the CV was detected (n = 143 patients. This cluster was then validated and characterized with further maximum-likelihood phylogenetic analyses and Bayesian coalescent reconstructions. With these analyses, the CV cluster was delimited to 113 patients, predominately men who have sex with men (MSM. Although it was significantly located in the city of Valencia (n = 105, phylogenetic analyses suggested this cluster derives from a larger HIV lineage affecting other Spanish localities (n = 194. Coalescent analyses estimated its expansion in Valencia to have started between 1998 and 2004. From 2004 to 2009, members of this cluster represented only 1.46% of the HIV-1 subtype B samples studied in Valencia (n = 5/143, whereas from 2010 onwards its prevalence raised to 12.64% (n = 100/791. In conclusion, we have detected a very large transmission cluster in the CV where it has experienced a very fast growth in the recent years in the city of Valencia, thus contributing significantly to the HIV epidemic in this locality. Its transmission efficiency evidences shortcomings in HIV control measures in Spain and particularly in Valencia.

  18. Identification of a large, fast-expanding HIV-1 subtype B transmission cluster among MSM in Valencia, Spain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patiño-Galindo, Juan Ángel; Torres-Puente, Manoli; Bracho, María Alma; Alastrué, Ignacio; Juan, Amparo; Navarro, David; Galindo, María José; Gimeno, Concepción; Ortega, Enrique

    2017-01-01

    We describe and characterize an exceptionally large HIV-1 subtype B transmission cluster occurring in the Comunidad Valenciana (CV, Spain). A total of 1806 HIV-1 protease-reverse transcriptase (PR/RT) sequences from different patients were obtained in the CV between 2004 and 2014. After subtyping and generating a phylogenetic tree with additional HIV-1 subtype B sequences, a very large transmission cluster which included almost exclusively sequences from the CV was detected (n = 143 patients). This cluster was then validated and characterized with further maximum-likelihood phylogenetic analyses and Bayesian coalescent reconstructions. With these analyses, the CV cluster was delimited to 113 patients, predominately men who have sex with men (MSM). Although it was significantly located in the city of Valencia (n = 105), phylogenetic analyses suggested this cluster derives from a larger HIV lineage affecting other Spanish localities (n = 194). Coalescent analyses estimated its expansion in Valencia to have started between 1998 and 2004. From 2004 to 2009, members of this cluster represented only 1.46% of the HIV-1 subtype B samples studied in Valencia (n = 5/143), whereas from 2010 onwards its prevalence raised to 12.64% (n = 100/791). In conclusion, we have detected a very large transmission cluster in the CV where it has experienced a very fast growth in the recent years in the city of Valencia, thus contributing significantly to the HIV epidemic in this locality. Its transmission efficiency evidences shortcomings in HIV control measures in Spain and particularly in Valencia. PMID:28152089

  19. Soil Properties Database of Spanish Soils Volume IV.- Valencia and Murcia; Base de Datos de Propiedades Edafologicas de los Suelos Espanoles Volumen IV.- Valencia y Murcia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Trueba, C.; Millan, R.; Schmid, T.; Roquero, C.; Magister, M.

    1998-12-01

    The soil vulnerability determines the sensitivity of the soil after an accidental radioactive contamination due to Cs-137 and Sr-90. The Departamento de Impacto Ambiental de la Energia of CIEMAT is carrying out an assessment of the radiological vulnerability of the different Spanish soils found on the Iberian Peninsula. This requires the knowledge of the soil properties for the various types of existing soils. In order to achieve this aim, a bibliographical compilation of soil profiles has been made to characterize the different soil types and create a database of their properties. Depending on the year of publication and the type of documentary source, the information compiled from the available bibliography very heterogeneous. Therefore, an important effort has been made to normalize and process the information prior to its incorporation to the database. This volume presents the criteria applied to normalize and process the data as well as the soil properties of the various soil types belonging to the Comunidades Autonomas de Valencia and Murcia. (Author) 63 refs.

  20. Chlamydia psittaci en aves en cautiverio del aquarium de Valencia, Venezuela | Chlamydia psittaci in captive birds of the aquarium of Valencia, Venezuela

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Rodríguez-Leo

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Chlamydia psittaci (Cp is an obligate intracellular bacterium, capable of invading birds and mammals. The prevalence of Cp in adult free-living birds is less than 5%, however in captivity the frequency is very variable (5 - 90%. Cp infections represent a health problem for birds living in captive centers, since in some cases it can be fatal thus generating more concern in threatened species. Therefore, the purpose of this study was the detection of Cp through the nested PCR in birds in captivity and its association to some specific taxonomic order. During 2015-2016, 44 cloacal swabs from six orders of birds were collected from the Valencia Aquarium (VA. The frequency of positives was as high as 77.3% and there was no association between the presence of Cp and a specific bird order. The results were associated with overcrowding conditions in which birds survive, absence of timely diagnosis of Cp in birds entering the VA and possible elevated levels of avian stress. It was confirmed that the state of captivity favors infection by Cp. These results demonstrate the need to promote the adaptation of conditions in captive bird habitats and the timely detection of Cp through molecular methods, mainly for spaces that act as centers for reception of specimens from confiscation, whose goal be their reintroduction to their natural habitat, as part of environmental conservation programs.

  1. Significado del consumo de drogas para las adolescentes de la calle, en la ciudad de Valencia, Venezuela Significado do uso de drogas para adolescentes de rua, Valencia, Venezuela Meaning of drugs use for adolescents living in the streets, Valencia, Venezuela

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Alvarado-Chacón

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Se trata de un estudio descriptivo de enfoque cualitativo con el objetivo de revelar el significado del consumo de drogas en las adolescentes de la calle, condición que las convierte en problema social, por lo que se busca obtener una aproximación teórica para comprender este fenómeno. Siete (7 adolescentes femeninas del paseo Cabriales en la ciudad de Valencia, en Venezuela fueron entrevistadas. Para el análisis de los datos se utilizó el recurso metodológico de la Teoría fundamentada (Grand Theory y la visión del Interaccionismo simbólico y de ahí surgieron las siguientes categorías: la búsqueda de no ser la buena, la reafirmación del rol femenino, el consumo como experiencia, la mirada de los otros a la adolescente que consume drogas, y la adicta como cuidadora. Finalmente, concluimos que el uso de drogas en la calle para las adolescentes del sexo femenino es una forma de protección, sobrevivencia e inclusión en los grupos.Trata-se de estudo descritivo de abordagem qualitativa, cujo objetivo foi revelar o significado do uso de drogas entre adolescentes que vivem nas ruas, condição que se torna um problema social, de modo que a abordagem teórica busca compreender esse fenômeno. Sete (7 adolescentes do sexo feminino, em Valência, Venezuela, foram entrevistadas. Para análise dos dados, utilizou-se como recurso a metodologia da Grounded Theory e a visão do interacionismo simbólico, de onde emergiram as seguintes categorias: a busca de não ser bom, reafirmação do papel das mulheres, consumo como experiência, o olhar dos outros para a adolescente que usa drogas e o toxicodependente como cuidador. Por fim, conclui-se que o uso de drogas na rua, para adolescentes do sexo feminino, é uma forma de proteção, sobrevivência e inclusão grupal.This descriptive study with a qualitative approach aims to reveal the meaning of drugs use among adolescents living in the street, a condition that turns them into a social problem, so

  2. Validation of MODIS aerosol optical depth over a Mediterranean and coastal urban environment (Valencia, Spain)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Segura, S.; Estelles, V.; Utrillas, M. P.; Martinez-Lozano, J. A.

    2012-04-01

    Atmospheric aerosols, as small solid or liquid particles suspended in the atmosphere, are considered one of the largest uncertainties in climate modeling. They play an important role in the energy balance of the Earth scattering and absorbing solar radiation, and they also have an impact in precipitation, modifying clouds, or affecting air quality. In order to get a better knowledge of them, a great number of measurements all over the world have been done with different ground-based instruments and, in the last years, also with satellites. One of the biggest efforts of characterizing atmospheric aerosols comes from AERONET (Aerosol Robotic Network). AERONET is an international operative network of Cimel CE318 sky-sunphotometers that provides the most extensive aerosol data base globally available of ground-based measurements. The ground sunphotometric technique is considered the most accurate for the retrieval of radiative properties of aerosols in the atmospheric column. On the other hand, MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) is a sensor located aboard both Earth Observing Systems (EOS) Terra and Aqua satellites, which provide almost complete global coverage every day. These satellites have been acquiring data since early 2000 the (Terra) and middle 2002 (Aqua). Among all the different products they offer, the atmospheric aerosols products are of upmost importance. These are presented as level 2 products with a pixel size of 10 x 10 Km in nadir. In this study we present a validation of MODIS aerosol optical depth (AOD) employing AERONET measurements obtained from 2007 to 2011, over an area of 50 x 50 km centered in Valencia. Valencia is a medium size Spanish city (~1,800,000 inhabitants in the metropolitan area) located in the Western coast of the Mediterranean Sea. AOD from MODIS is obtained by employing different algorithms in function of the pixel surface type, differing whether it is land or ocean. Therefore, the fact that our region of study

  3. SU-E-T-343: Valencia Applicator Commissioning Using a Micro-Chamber Array

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carmona-Meseguer, V; Palomo-Llinares, R; Candela-Juan, C; Gimeno-Olmos, J; Lliso-Valverde, F [Hospital La Fe, Valencia (Spain); Garcia-Martinez, T [Hospital de La Ribera, Alzira, Valencia (Spain); Richart-Sancho, J [Clinica Benidorm, Benidorm, Alicante (Spain); Granero, D [ERESA-Hospital General Universitario, Mislata, Valencia (Spain); Ballester, F [University of Valencia, Burjassot, Valencia (Spain); Perez-Calatayud, J [Hospital La Fe, Valencia (Spain); Clinica Benidorm, Benidorm, Alicante (Spain)

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: In the commissioning and QA of surface isotope-based applicators, source-indexer distance (SID) has a great influence in the flatness, symmetry and output. To these purposes, methods described in the literature are the use of a special insert at the entrance of dwell chamber or radiochromic films. Here we present the experience with a micro-chamber array to perform the commissioning and QA of Valencia applicators. Methods: Valencia applicators have been used, the classic and the new extra-shielded version. A micro-chamber array has been employed, 1000 SRS (PTW), with 977 liquid filled, 2.3×2.3×0.5 mm{sup 3} sized ion chambers covering 11×11 cm{sup 2}, which spacing is 2.5 mm in the central 5.5×5.5 cm{sup 2}, dedicated mainly in principle, in conjunction with Octavius 4D (PTW), to IMRT, VMAT, SBRT verifications. Verisoft software that allows for 3D and planar analysis has been used to evaluate the results. Applicators were located on the surface of the array. To verify the SID, measurements corresponding to the reference value, SID ± 1 mm and SID ± 2 mm were acquired (integration time was fixed in order to discard the influence of the source entrance/exit). Once SID was determined, standard protocol treatments corresponding to 3 Gy and 7 Gy were acquired in order to establish typical patient dose distribution. Results: The method is fast and sensitive. The SID obtained was 1321 mm which is the nominal value included in the applicator manual. For example at 1319 mm an asymmetry of ±8% with respect to the central value was measured, along with a central deviation of −4% referred to 1321 mm. Conclusion: A practical method for the commissioning and QA of Valencia applicators has been described. It has been shown that it is an efficient and accurate tool for these purposes as well as for the verification of the absolute output constancy.

  4. [Invasive pneumococcal disease in the Community of Valencia. Six years of surveillance (2007-2012)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ciancotti Oliver, Lucía Rosa; Huertas Zarco, Isabel; Pérez Pérez, Elvira; Carmona Martí, Esther; Carbó Malonda, Rosa; Gil Bru, Ana; González Moran, Francisco

    2015-03-01

    The introduction of conjugated anti-pneumonia vaccines has led to a change in the epidemiology of Invasive Pneumococcal Disease (IPD). The aim of this study is to describe the trends in IPD in the Community of Valencia during the period 2007-2012. A retrospective, descriptive and longitudinal study was conducted on IPD in the Community of Valencia during the period 2007-2012, The information sources used were the Epidemiological Surveillance Analysis (Análisis de la Vigilancia Epidemiológica (AVE)) and the Valencian Microbiology Network (Red Microbiológica Valenciana (RedMIVA)) of the Valencia Health Department. The incidence of IPD decreased between 2007 and 2012 in all age groups, mainly in the under 5 year-olds, dropping from 30.5 cases to 12.3 cases per 10(5) inhabitants (p< .001). Pneumonia was the principal presentation of the disease, with a decrease in its rates from 6.9 to 4.1 cases per 10(5) inhabitants (p< .001). A gradual, non-significant, reduction from 26% to 12% (p=.23) was observed in the proportion of cases due to the serotypes contained in the heptavalent vaccine (PCV7), mainly in the under 5 year-olds. The cases due to additional serotypes in 13-valent conjugated vaccine (1, 3, 5, 6A, 7F and 19A) also showed a decreasing trend, mainly in vaccinated under 5 year-olds (52.6% vs 14.3%; p=.03), while the cases due to non-vaccine serotypes significantly increased from 42.3% to 56.7% in the general population (p=.002), and from 47.4% to 78.6% in vaccinated under 5 year-olds (p=.08). The results of this study show a reduction in the incidence of IPD, with a decrease in the proportion of cases produced by vaccine serotypes, and an increase in the proportion of those not vaccinated. Epidemiological Surveillance is necessary to monitor the trends in the disease. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier España, S.L.U. y Sociedad Española de Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica. All rights reserved.

  5. Rice field flora and vegetation in the provinces of Valencia and Tarragona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carretero, J. L.

    1988-01-01

    Full Text Available Twenty nine emergent and twenty floating or submerged taxa , were found in the rice fields in Valencia and Tarragona provinces. Eleven of the se taxa, all them emergent, are alien Of introduced ones. Echinochloa oryzoides and E. oryzicola are the most important in both areas, together with Cyperus difformis and Echinochloa hispidula in Valencia. The remaining thirty eight taxa belong to the native flora. There are predominantly the emergent Scirpus maritimus, Alisma plantago-aquatica. Echinochloa crus-galli and Paspalum distichum; the floating Lemna minor and L. gibba; the submersed Potamogeton nodosus; Zannichellia palustris and Najas minor; and the macroscopical algae Chara vulgaris, Cladophora glomerata, Oedogonium capilliforme, Spirogyra spp., Pithophora oedogania and Hydrodictyon reticulatum. The flora evolution during the last years is analyzed and the present weed communities are studied. The contribution of the different phytosociological classes to the rice field weed flora is presented.

    De los 49 táxones registrados (29 emergentes y 20 flotantes o sumergidos 11 son exóticos introducidos, de los cuales los más importantes son Echinochloa oryzoides y E. oryzicolaen ambas zonas, además de Cyperus difformis y Echinochloa hispidula en Valencia, y el resto propios de la flora autóctona, predominando Scirpus maritimus, Alisma plantago-aquatica. Echinochloa crus-galli y Paspalum distichum como emergentes, Lemna minor y L. gibba como flotantes, Potamogeton nodosus, Zannichellia palustris y Najas minor como sumergidos y Chara vulgaris, Cladophora glomerata, Oedogonium capilliforme. Spirogyra spp., Pirhophora oedogonia e Hydrodictyon reticulatum como algas macroscópicas. Se analiza la evolución experimentada por la flora en los últimos años, además de estudiar las

  6. Strukturalisme Genetik Lucien Goldmann dalam Novel Orang-Orang Proyek Karya Ahmad Tohari

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dewi Nurhasanah

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Article clarified structure, global view of social class, and social structure function as the background of Orang-orang Proyek, a novel by Ahmad Tohari. Research applied analytic and dialectic descriptive method. Analysis was done by applying Genetic Structuralism theory by Lucien Goldmann to see the meaning of the novel by relating the structure of the novel with the human facts (social structure as a background of the novel. The research results indicate that the novel structure described some oppositions, those are cultural, natural, social, and human oppositions; the novel’s structure expresses a global views, those are ideal-humanist and social-religious; when the novel was written, there were some corruption cases in the social structure in Indonesia that was adopted in the novel. Therefore, there seems a correlation between the novel structure and the social structure. 

  7. Variación estacional de la mortalidad en la ciudad de Valencia, España Seasonal variation of mortality rates within the city of Valencia, Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    FERRAN BALLESTER-DÍEZ

    1997-03-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo. Estudiar la variación estacional de la mortalidad por todas las causas según grupo de edad y sexo, en la ciudad de Valencia, España, durante el periodo 1976-1990, y su relación con la temperatura. Material y métodos. Se hizo un estudio ecológico de series mensuales de mortalidad global y temperatura media. La variable principal de resultado fue la mortalidad por todas las causas. Se calcularon las tasas de mortalidad específicas por grupos de edad (0-4, 35-39, 50-64, 65-74 y > o = 75 y sexo en la ciudad de Valencia, para cada mes, durante los 180 meses del periodo estudiado. Se obtuvieron las tasas promedio de mortalidad mensual y se calculó el porcentaje de variación. Asimismo, se utilizó el análisis gráfico para examinar la variación estacional de la mortalidad y para identificar la forma de la relación entre temperatura y mortalidad, ajustando la línea de regresión mediante el método Loess (suavizado móvil de regresión ponderado localmente. La asociación entre temperatura media y mortalidad se estimó mediante regresión lineal múltiple controlando por tendencia, estacionalidad y periodo. Resultados. Se observa un claro patrón estacional, con picos de mortalidad en los meses de invierno, y valores más bajos en los meses de verano y en los comienzos del otoño. El exceso de mortalidad para el mes de enero fue de 27.7% para el total de defunciones en mujeres, y de 19.5% en hombres; este exceso fue mayor en el grupo de 75 y más años. Gráficamente, la relación entre temperatura y mortalidad aparece en forma de V, con una menor mortalidad cuando la medida mensual de la temperatura media diaria es aproximadamente de 23 °C. Con base en esta relación, se construyeron dos variables complementarias, denominadas frío y calor. Estas variables explican un mayor porcentaje de la variabilidad de la mortalidad por todas las causas (47.6% en hombres y 54.8% en mujeres que el modelo con la temperatura como única

  8. Building on the Orange river project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Skinner, J.

    1999-01-01

    The life of the World Commission on Dams (WCD) is due to end in mid-2000. In order to achieve its objective of making recommendations on the environmental, social, economic and institutional questions on dams, it will conduct up to ten case studies where the dams and river basins have been selected according to their age, function, regional representation and the lessons to be learned. The Orange River project in South Africa is being used as a pilot study for the other case studies and the reactions to the study are discussed. The case studies will focus on planning, implementation and operation of the dams with respect to their river basins. Six questions are listed and these will need to be answered to form a basis for a structured approach. To date, stakeholder meetings and fieldwork have highlighted four common generic difficulties and these are listed. A form for completion by interested parties was included with the article. (UK)

  9. The effects of citrus rootstocks on Valencia Late and Rhode Red ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    For N, K, Mg, Mn and Cu, Carrizo citrange has the highest means while Troyer and sour orange have the highest concentrations for P and. Fe, and Ca, Zn and Na, respectively. We recommend utilizations of Carrizo and Troyer citrange rootstocks for eastern Mediterranean region citrus production as they had higher ability to ...

  10. Identification of sulfur volatiles in canned orange juices lacking orange flavor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perez-Cacho, Pilar Ruiz; Mahattanatawee, Kanjana; Smoot, John M; Rouseff, Russell

    2007-07-11

    The purpose of this study was to understand why some canned orange juices are not perceived as orange juice. Sensory flavor profile data indicated that the primary odor (orthonasal) attributes were tropical fruit/grapefruit, cooked/caramel, musty, and medicine. By comparison fresh-squeezed juice lacked these odor attributes. GC-O analysis found 43 odor-active components in canned juices. Eight of these aroma volatiles were sulfur based. Four of the 12 most intense aroma peaks were sulfur compounds that included methanethiol, 1-p-menth-1-ene-8-thiol, 2-methyl-3-furanthiol, and dimethyl trisulfide. The other most intense odorants included 7-methyl-3-methylene-1,6-octadiene (myrcene), octanal, 2-methoxyphenol (guaiacol), 2-ethyl-4-hydroxy-5-methyl-3(2H)-furanone (homofuraneol), (E)-non-2-enal, (E,E)-deca-2,4-dienal, 4-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzaldehyde (vanillin), and alpha-sinensal. Odorants probably responsible for the undesirable sensory attributes included grapefruit (1-p-menth-1-ene-8-thiol), cooked [2-ethyl-4-hydroxy-5-methyl-3(2H)-furanone, 4-hydroxy-2,5-dimethyl-3(2H)-furanone (Furaneol), and 3-(methylthio)propanal (methional)], musty [7-methyl-3-methylene-1,6-octadiene and (E)-non-2-enal], and medicine (2-methoxyphenol). The canned juices also lacked several aldehydes and esters normally found in fresh orange juice.

  11. Distribution of Sipuncula in the Gulf of Valencia and Cape Nao (western Mediterranean).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferrero-Vicente, L M; De-La-Ossa-Carretero, J A; Del-Pilar-Ruso, Y; Sánchez-Lizaso, J L

    2013-01-01

    The present study analyses the distribution and diversity of sipunculan species inhabiting soft substrata in the Gulf of Valencia and Cape Nao (western Mediterranean) in relation to the characteristics of the sediment. Eighty-seven stations in 14 localities were sampled annually from 2004 to 2008. Nine species were reported, with Aspidosiphon (Aspidosiphon) muelleri being the dominant species in the area and Thysanocardia procera the most widely distributed. Pearson correlation coefficient and multivariate analysis showed how sipunculan abundances of certain species were related to the sediment characteristics, especially grain size. The shell-dwelling species A. (A.) muelleri and Phascolion (Phascolion) caupo were dominant in stations with high amount of coarse sand and gravel, while Sipunculus (Sipunculus) nudus appeared in stations dominated by fine sand with low organic content. Pn. (Pn.) caupo and T procera were reported for the first time in the study area. Moreover, it was the second record of Pn. (Pn.) caupo for the Mediterranean Sea.

  12. Post-Chernobyl accident radioactivity measurements in the Comunidad Autonoma de Valencia, Spain

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ortiz, J.; Ballesteros, L.; Serradell, V.

    1992-01-01

    Increased atmospheric radioactivity after the accident in Chernobyl was first detected on air filters. Measurements were begun in Valencia on May 2, 1986, with the maximum activity being observed around May 3-4, 1986. As a consequence of this accident, annual campaigns of measurements on migrating birds (several species of aquatic birds and song-thrushes) were started. The data corresponding to the campaign immediately after the accident (1986/87) show a generalized contamination (approximately 50% of the measured specimens). Significant levels of 134 Cs, 137 Cs and 110 Ag m were found. It is important to note that 110 Ag m is only present in Aythya ferina. In the successive campaign is 1988/89 and 1989/91 few samples were found to be contaminated and only 137 Cs was identified. Strontium-90 was measured and identified in some specimens, mainly in their bones. (author)

  13. Plan de empresa para un café-bar en la Plaza del Cedro (Valencia)

    OpenAIRE

    REY CORONADO, CARLOS

    2012-01-01

    [ES] Mi proyecto consiste en un Plan De Empresas de un Café-Bar en Valencia, más concretamente en la Plaza del Cedro. El trabajo va dirigido a la Comisión Coordinadora del Trabajo Final de Carrera, a los miembros del tribunal examinador y a futuros alumnos del TFC. La elección de este tema para el Proyecto Final de Carrera, nace bajo una profunda reflexión y motivación: Reflexión por la situación actual del sector de la restauración, el cual ha perdido más de 12.000 establecimientos en los...

  14. Postmortem Inventories in Medieval Valencia. A Source for the Study of Household Consumption and Living Standards

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Almenar Fernández

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Basic questions about the nature of postmortem inventories in late medieval Valencia have rarely been asked. What distinguished them from other lists of goods and what was their legal basis? Why were inventories made? Which goods were listed and which ones omitted? How many inventories are preserved today? Which sectors of medieval society requested them? The answers that this paper provides clearly show the potential of a serial and quantitative usage of the Valencian inventory for the study of household consumption, an analysis that would enable us to measure far more accurately the changes in living standards in late medieval society to a degree that is difficult to achieve in other regions of Europe.

  15. RODERIC, University of Valencia's Digital Repository for Education, Research and Culture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mª Francisca Abad García

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se presentan las principales características de RODERIC, acrónimo con el que se designa al repositorio de acceso abierto de la Universitat de Valencia y que significa Repositori d’ Objectes Digitals per al Ensenyament la Recerca i la Cultura, haciendo así alusión a los tipos de contenidos que se difundirán a través del mismo al mismo tiempo que se rinde homenaje al Papa Roderic Borgia quien en 1501 concedió la bula papal que permitió la creación de la Universitat de València. Se introducen así mismo los aspectos esenciales del movimiento de acceso abierto en el que se fundamenta el desarrollo de este tipo de infraestructuras.

  16. Las bibliotecas públicas y universitarias de la ciudad de Valencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Campos Lóriz, Diego

    2001-03-01

    Full Text Available La Biblioteca Municipal Central de Valencia se encuentra en la plaza de Maguncia, una localización no precisamente céntrica ya que se encuentra junto al término municipal de Xirivella y bastante mal comunicada por la red de transporte público. La Biblioteca Pública de la Generalitat Valenciana, en la calle del Hospital, tiene sobre la municipal la ventaja de estar situada en el centro de la ciudad. Pasemos ahora a las bibliotecas universitarias. Con la excepción de ciertos fondos especializados que normalmente forman parte de las bibliotecas de los departamentos adecuados, es lógico y deseable que los fondos de las bibliotecas de las universidades públicas sean accesibles mediante préstamo a todos los ciudadanos, ya que se financian con el dinero de todos ellos.

  17. Bishop Ramon Despont and the Jews of the Kingdom of Valencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meyerson, Mark D.

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available This article treats the intervention of Bishop Ramon Despont (1289-1312 in the affairs of the Jews of the kingdom of Valencia. It deals mainly with his efforts to put an end to Jewish usury and with the effects of his initiatives on Christian-Jewish relations.[fr] Cet article traite de l'intervention de l'évêque Ramon Despont (1289-1312 dans les affaires des juifs du royaume de Valence. Il s'occupe principalement des efforts de cet évêque pour mettre tin à l'usure juive et des conséquences de ses initiatives sur les relations entre chrétiens et juifs.

  18. Los dias que ahora son sueños: un recuerdo del maestro Guillermo Valencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Carranza

    1965-01-01

    Full Text Available En el más hermoso sitio de la campiña payanesa se alza la mansión señorial de Valencia. El río Cauca arrastra, cerca, su crespo y raudo caudal. Los robles ponen una nota solemne y viril contra el verde tierno, eglógico, casi femenino de la pradera. A lo lejos levanta Popayán su dulce y grave fisonomía de piedra bajo el vuelo de las campanas y las palomas. Allí el lánguido hechizo del clima invade las venas del cuerpo y del alma con un suave poderío. En la distancia, arroyos tranquilos humedecen de cielo la breve llanura maravillosa.

  19. [Nutritional status in preschoolers attending a public day-care center in Valencia, Venezuela].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Real, Sara Irene del; Jaeger, Armando Sánchez; Barón, María Adela; Díaz, Nayka; Solano, Liseti; Velásquez, Emma; López, Jesús

    2007-09-01

    With the purpose of evaluating nutritional status in a group of preschoolers attending a public day care center in Valencia, Venezuela (2002), a research was made for social stratus, anthropometric variables; weight, height and arm circumference, hemoglobin, seric retinol, presence of parasitosis and food consumption, as well as the mother's educational level. The program SPSS 11.0 and the t Student, ANOVA Post Hoc from Bonferroni and Fisher (p helmintos in 16.9% and both in 22.1%. There was a 2.6 times higher risk of presenting nutritional deficiency for AC/H in the group found with parasites. An adequate consumption of energy and iron was found, with an excessive consumption of proteins and vitamin A. It is concluded that there exists a nutritional risk evaluated through hematologic parameters, the presence of parasitosis and social stratus.

  20. The intangible city. Environmental experiences in historical settings. The case of Ruzafa in Valencia (Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ignacio Puig Tarín

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available The district of Ruzafa in Valencia (Spain is in a process of urban revitalization. These interventions need knowledge of the particular characteristics of existing urban weave and of the resident users. The information obtained will be managed through a graphical database that will allow to propose alternative models of energy rehabilitation based on existing heritage recovery. The proposal consists of the systematization of the information sensitive to urban environmental quality so it can be managed through a graphical database of the city (GIS. The use of this tool will allow to propose interventions adapted to the real needs of the users and to achieve a real penetration of the urban proposals among the population. 

  1. «Natural» intercultural mediation: reflections from an experience in Orriols (Valencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcela Jabbaz

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This text provides a reflection on the intercultural «natural » mediation, its differentiation with respect to the professional mediation and its limitations within social exclusion politics. The authors base their arguments in information collected from a research performed in Valencia, with European funding and under the responsibility of three NGO that collaborated very actively in the fieldwork. The reflections are centered in the case of the Valencian neighborhood of Orriols. A first section describes the neighborhood. Later, different speeches of foreign and indigenous neighbors are undertaken and the relations among both are characterized. Finally, the authors define the «natural» intercultural mediation, with special attention to its fortresses and weaknesses. The authors emphasize that the potentialities of the mediation can be developed with a correct articulation between Administration and Civil Society and in combination with social politics of prevention and eradication of social exclusion

  2. An overview on the Brazilian orange juice production chain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renato Marcio dos Santos

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Brazil is the world's largest producer of oranges and uses more than 70% of the harvested fruits in the production of juices. The amount of processed orange is growing about 10% per year, confirming the trend of the Brazilian citrus for juice production. This research aimed to investigate the Brazilian orange juice production chain from 2005 to 2009. Data from the amount of frozen juice produced and exported, international price of orange juice, and intermediate transactions were assessed in order to make possible selection of all interveners involved in the chain. The study using the Social Network Analysis (SNA showed that the densest relationships in the network are from exporters to importers and from orange growers to the orange processing industry. No difference was found in the values of the network geodesic distance or the clustering coefficients from 2005 to 2009. The degree of centrality increased steadily throughout the years indicating that the processing industry attempts to minimize the risks by centralizing the actions. A decrease in export of orange juice from 2007 (2.07 10(6 t to 2008 (2.05 10(6 t was found, probably due to the world's financial crisis with recovery in 2009. Since 2004, there has been an increase of nearly 10% per year in the market preference of concentrate juice (OFCJ when compared to the "not from concentrated" juice (NFC. Nowadays the NFC market represents nearly 50% of all Brazilian export which impacted in the logistic distribution and transportation issues.

  3. Increase in the exposition to floods in the Alicante coast (Valencia region, Spain)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olcina, J.; Rico, A. M.; Hernandez, M.; Martínez, E.

    2009-09-01

    During the last two decades, Flood episodes along the Alicante coastline have caused important material losses and general disruptions of everyday life in the municipalities affected. We can speak of an increase in the vulnerability to floods chiefly as a result of an increase in exposition. In turn this increase is fundamentally linked to the nature of the recent urbanization process in this area and the corresponding occupation of flood prone land. The province of Alicante occupies one of the first positions in Europe regarding flood risk (ESPON 2006). Even counting with legislation that regulates land uses, processes leading to the occupation of flood risk areas have proven very difficult to manage. In this sense, the Valencia region has enacted legislation such as the Land Use Planning Law of 1989, the Law on Urban Growth Regulations of 1994, and the Planning Regulations of 1998. All these legal pieces attempted to prohibit development in flood prone land declaring this land as "non.urban". New laws such as the Law on Land Use Planning and Landscape protection of 2004, the Law on New Urban Land (2004), and the Decree on Landscape (2006) also consider the need to include the flood hazard in planning activities. Furthermore in 1997, the so-called "Cartography of the flood hazard at the regional level" was elaborated. This mapping exercise was the base for the "Territorial Plan for the Reduction of Flood Risks (PATRICOVA) approved in 2003 and currently the main planning tool for flood management in Valencia. On the other hand, the European Directive 60/2007 pointed towards the need to take into consideration the social perception of Flood risks in order to develop integrated actions of risk management. Accordingly we have undertaken 285 interviews in the coastal communities of Alicante, Calpe and Campello (95 interviews each). We have chosen these municipalities for two reasons: first their significance in population and economic activity terms, and second, their

  4. Académico Guillermo Valencia Abdala - Académico Enrique Carvajal Arjona

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    Alfredo Jácome Roca

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Fragmentos Guillermo Valencia Abdala murió en Cartagena a los 90 años de edad, su deceso ocurrió en el mes de diciembre de 2016. Valencia Abdala nació en Aracataca, Magdalena, el 26 de julio de 1926. Se le reconoció como uno de los más entrañables amigos de Gabriel García Márquez, en su niñez fue uno de los 4 compañeros de Gabo en el Colegio Montessori de Aracataca, población que hoy recibe el apodo de ‘Macondo’. Luego, sus padres se trasladaron a Santa Marta donde estudió el bachillerato en el Liceo Celedón. Por su disciplina y amor a las ciencias eligió la carrera de medicina y se graduó de la Universidad Javeriana de Bogotá. En Filadelfia, EEUU, se especializó en cirugía cardiovascular y después hizo un máster en administración hospitalaria en la Universidad de Puerto Rico. El académico correspondiente y reconocido nefrólogo Enrique Carvajal Arjona falleció en Bogotá en enero de 2017. El doctor Carvajal ingresó a la Academia en 1967 con un trabajo sobre los trasplantes renales que fue publicado ese mismo año en la Revista Médica de Bogotá. Fue fundador de la sección de Nefrología del Hospital San Juan de Dios y también se desempeñó como decano de la Facultad de Medicina de la Universidad Nacional de Colombia, donde también se desempeñó como Rector.

  5. Bienes rústicos de aprovechamiento público en la Valencia moderna

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David BERNABÉ GIL

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: Analiza el presente trabajo diversos aspectos relacionados con los derechos de aprovechamiento público que confluían en los espacios rústicos no cultivados del antiguo Reino de Valencia, así como la naturaleza de los problemas que solía suscitar su atribución dominical, dada la frecuente superposición de instancias institucionales con pretensiones de control. A partir de la compleja tipología que la casuística al respecto —aún escasa y mal conocida— permite entrever, queda en evidencia el fuerte arraigo de los elementos de regulación municipal vigentes en el realengo, si bien en franco retroceso ante los tardíos intentos de control por el Real Patrimonio. En los señoríos, sin embargo, son los derechos del titular de la jurisdicción los que consiguen prevalecer, aunque no necesariamente por exclusión de los reconocidos a la comunidad.ABSTRACT: This study analyzes different aspects related to the rights of public usage with regard to uncultivated agricultural spaces in the ancient Kingdom of Valencia, as well as the nature of the problems normally arising from the conferring of their feudal status, due to the frequent superimposing of institutional requests to gain control. With regard to the complex typology that the corresponding casuistry (still scarce and hardly known suggests, we can highlight the fact that the elements of municipal regulation that existed within the state were well-established, although they were clearly in decline in the face of the Royal Trust's late attempts to gain control. However, as regards the estates, the ownership rights of the jurisdiction were the ones that finally prevailed, although not necessarily by excluding the rights of the community.

  6. Caracterización cerámica de los sedimentos de la Albufera de Valencia

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    Vicente, M.

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available The Albufera is recognised as Natural Park by Generalitat Valenciana decree of 8´th July 1989 and is listed on the wet areas of international importance of the Ramsar Conference since 8´th May 1990. Batimetry studies show the gradual full up of the lake. If the stuffing and pollution process persist, lamentably, in order to preserve the lake identity it will be necessary to extract the sediments which must be environmental adequately managed. In this study the ceramic characteristics of the Albufera of Valencia sediments have been analysed in order to know the possibility of their use as ceramic raw material or as additive to ceramic stoneware of the valencian tile industry.

    El lago de la Albufera es Parque Natural por decreto de 8 de Julio de 1989 de la Generalitat Valenciana y está desde el 8 de Mayo de 1990 en el listado de Zonas Húmedas de importancia internacional de la Conferencia de Ramsar. Los estudios de batimetría del lago indican que el lago continúa su proceso lento de colmatación, Si el proceso de colmatación y contaminación persevera o se inducen severas contaminaciones locales por vertidos, es posible que lamentablemente, para preservar la identidad del sistema, sea necesario dragar el lago de forma selectiva y cuidadosa siendo necesario dar un fin último a los fangos obtenidos. En este estudio se analizan las características de los sedimentos de la Albufera de Valencia desde el punto de vista cerámico, con el fin de Conocer las posibles utilizaciones de los mismos para la producción de algún tipo de cerámica o como componentes de adición a pastas cerámicas de la industria azulejera Valenciana.

  7. Breve examen del Tribunal de las Aguas de Valencia y de su proceso

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    Fairén Guillén, Víctor

    2003-07-01

    Full Text Available Se me pide, de parte de mi compañero y amigo de la Academia, Dr José M" Castán Vázquez, que elabore un pequeño trabajo para la revista «Arbor» —a cuyas líneas tuve vedado el acceso por muchos años; mientras duró aquella ordenación y aquella Nomenklatura al frente del CSIC— ; por su director actual. Prof. Dr. PEDRO GARCÍA BARRENO, al que trato casi constantemente-, Y sobre el Tribunal de las Aguas de Valencia, organismo jurídico jurisdiccional —pese a incluso enfurecidos adversarios— único, y admirado por todo el mundo, menos por quienes aspiran a transformar una de las huertas españolas mejor cuidadas, en una selva de hormigón.
    Ahí van esas líneas, resumen de un libro que, a pie de obra, me costó más de 25 años de elaboración allá en Valencia, y sin ayuda práctica de nadie sino del referido Tribunal. Desafío a que las críticas que se me hagan, se funden en observaciones directas; y no enlatadas en «ordenadores» del terreno y de sus habitantes. No admito «realidades visuales», que no son sino ficciones inmerecidamente decoradas con ese equívoco nombre, lo que ya está dando sus frutos.

  8. La falta de financiacion publica hipoteca el futuro del acelerador de protones valenciano. La Universidad de Valencia tiene avanzado el diseno de este dispositivo de alta tecnologia

    CERN Document Server

    Jatvia, J M

    2002-01-01

    "La Universidad de Valencia tiene avanzado el diseno de un acelerador lineal de protones, cuya culminacion depende del compromiso del Consell en sufragar la plantilla que necesitaria el centro para estar operativo" (1 page).

  9. Reduction of the waste from domestic production of the orange

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Husain, K. A. M.

    2010-10-01

    The research subject is (reduction of the waste from domestic production of orange) we find there is a lot of wastage after harvest, because the process of packaging, loading, transportation, and store is not adequate. The purpose of this research is to solve this problem of wastage by following a number of steps after harvesting and pre-harvest process. This process is called COLD CHAIN. Cold chain is: cold store in production place, cold vehicles for transportation, cold room in the market, cold car for distribution, cold and freezer refrigerator home. After adopting the cold chain we achieved the following results: orange wastage is reduced, the orange quality improved. (Author)

  10. Malaria endemicity in an Orang Asli community in Pahang, Malaysia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gurpreet, K

    2009-04-01

    An epidemiological cross-sectional study was undertaken to determine the endemicity of malaria among the Orang Asli population of Raub, Pahang. Malaria endemicity was measured in terms of the prevalence of parasitaemia and splenomegaly. A total of 520 Orang Asli were examined. The point prevalence of malaria was 24.2% (95% CI 20.7-25.1), with Plasmodium falciparum (67.5%) being the predominant species. Children Orang Asli should focus on protecting vulnerable subgroups like young children. Measuring the level of malaria endemicity at regular intervals is fundamental in evaluating the effectiveness of malaria control programs.

  11. Percepción social del gran premio de Europa de Fórmula 1 entre los ciudadanos de Valencia Social perception of the European Formula 1 Grand Prix in Valencia citizens

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. Añó

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available

    La Unidad de Investigación de Rendimiento Físico y Deportivo (UIRFIDE del Departamento de Educación Física y Deportiva de la Universidad de Valencia ha establecido una línea de investigación de Grandes Eventos Deportivos dentro de la cual se enmarca el presente trabajo, llevado a cabo tras la realización del primer Gran Premio de Fórmula 1 celebrado en Valencia en 2008. Se realizaron 194 encuestas entre los ciudadanos de la ciudad de Valencia, siendo el 50% de ellos de residentes en los barrios más cercanos al circuito. Como resultados más relevantes podemos destacar que los ciudadanos de Valencia tienen gran conocimiento de la Fórmula 1, aunque una amplia mayoría no tiene ilusión por la celebración del evento en la ciudad. En su opinión la repercusión del evento es principalmente de carácter local e internacional, siendo el turismo y la economía los sectores más beneficiados con su realización, mientras que los organizadores del evento, los empresarios y los políticos son los colectivos más beneficiados. Por el contrario, los menos beneficiados serían los propios ciudadanos. Los entrevistados consideran que la ciudad está bien preparada para organizar el evento en los diferentes servicios, y un 83% indica que no asistirá en directo al mismo.
    Palabras clave: Eventos, organización Formula  1, repercusión económica, imagen, percepción social

    The Research Unit of Physical and Sports Performance (UIRFIDE of the Department of the University of Valencia, has established a line of research of major sport events in which one has been in line of this work. This investigation has been carried out after the execution of the Grand Prix Formula 1 celebrated in Valencia in 2008. 194 surveys have been carried out among the citizens of the city of Valencia, being 50% of them residents on the nearest districts to the Circuit. As most important results we can emphasize, that Valencia citizens have a great

  12. Diagrama de afinidad aplicado a mejorar los servicios tecnológicos de la Universidad Politécnica de Valencia (Application of a affinity diagram to improve the technological services of the Universidad Politécnica de Valencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Pons-Morera

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available El uso de las técnicas de affinity diagram está cada día más en alza como método para discernir los puntos clave de una organización o los resortes que darán lugar a una mejora competitiva. El caso que nos ocupa es una primera aproximación a la identificación de qué servicios de los que ofrece la Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, podrían ser mejorados con el uso de nuevas tecnologías. (Affinity diagram techniques are used to discern the key points of an organization or key factors that will lead to an improvement in competitive advantages. In this paper we do a first approximation to identify which services offered by the Universidad Politécnica de Valencia could be improved with the use of new technologies.

  13. Profiling of bioactive compounds in cultivars of Runner and Valencia peanut market-types using liquid chromatography/APCI mass spectrometry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chukwumah, Yvonne; Walker, Lloyd; Vogler, Bernhard; Verghese, Martha

    2012-05-01

    Peanuts are classified into four market-types (Runners, Spanish, Virginia and Valencia). Studies on their phytochemical composition have focused mainly on market-types other than Valencia. The objectives of this study are to evaluate the phytochemical composition of cultivars of Valencia and Runner market-types. Extracts of 25 peanut cultivars of Runner and Valencia market-types were analysed using HPLC-DAD-MS analysis. Results showed major differences in UV profile of the market-types. A major peak with m/z 317 identified as isorhamnetin was present only in Valencia cultivars while its glycoside (isorhamnetin-3-O-rutinoside) having m/z 625 was identified in both market-types. Genistein, daidzein, rutin, quercetin and trans-resveratrol were also identified and quantified. Genistein and daidzein concentrations (0.03mg/100g) were similar in both market-types. trans-Resveratrol and rutin were significantly (p<0.05) higher in Runner cultivars while quercetin was 10-fold higher (0.60±0.04mg/100g) in Valencia cultivars making them a better source of this phytochemical. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  14. Algunas consideraciones sobre el urbanismo público en Valencia durante la primera mitad del siglo XV = Some thoughts on public urbanism in Valencia during the first half of the 15th Century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agustí Campos Perales

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available El urbanismo público bajomedieval en la ciudad de Valencia se rigió principalmente en base a la actuación de los jurats, el poder ejecutivo de ésta, y la Junta de Murs i Valls, una institución creada el 1358 para gestionar las obras de muros, valladares o caminos de la urbe y su término, entre otras competencias. El devenir de este urbanismo, que cabe separar pero no individualizar del mercado inmobiliario privado, se debe entender, como se pretende enfocar en este artículo, a partir de interpretaciones económicas y sociales y que van más allá de las estrictamente estéticas o artísticas. A través de las fuentes administrativas (Manuals de Consells se puede analizar la participación activa de la oligarquía urbana en el urbanismo público de Valencia además de sus dimensiones territoriales y geográficas.Public urbanism during the late middle ages in Valencia was regulated principally by the activity of the jurats, its executive power, and the Junta de Murs i Valls, an institution created in 1358 to manage the constructions in walls, moats or roads inside the city’s boundary. The development of this urbanism, independent but not separated from the private property market, has to be understood, as we try to do in this article, from economic and social interpretations, that go therefore beyond those strictly aesthetic and artistic. By administrative sources (Manuals de Consells is possible to analyse the implication of urban oligarchy in public urbanism of Valencia as well as its territorial and geographical dimensions.

  15. Approved Drug Products with Therapuetic Equivalence Evaluations (Orange Book)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The publication Approved Drug Products with Therapeutic Equivalence Evaluations (the List, commonly known as the Orange Book) identifies drug products approved on...

  16. Canary Island Date Palm - Orange Co. [ds349

    Data.gov (United States)

    California Natural Resource Agency — This dataset provides the known distribution of Canary Island date palm (Phoenix canariensis) in southern Orange County. The surveys were conducted from May to June,...

  17. Antimicrobial resistance of bacterial strains isolated from orange ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The organisms encountered include Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Saccharomyces sp, Rhodotorula sp, Bacillus cereus, Bacillus subtilis, Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pyogenes and Micrococcus sp. The resistances of thirty bacterial strains isolated from orange juice products to the commonly used ...

  18. Variant angina associated with bitter orange in a dietary supplement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gange, Christopher A; Madias, Christopher; Felix-Getzik, Erika M; Weintraub, Andrew R; Estes, N A Mark

    2006-04-01

    The Food and Drug Administration has banned the sale of ephedrine-based weight-loss products because of their association with many cardiovascular adverse effects. Bitter orange is now being used as a stimulant in "ephedra-free" weight-loss supplements but was recently implicated in adverse cardiovascular sequelae. To our knowledge, this report describes the first case of variant angina associated with bitter orange in a dietary supplement.

  19. Studi Komunikasi Antarpribadi Anak Dengan Orang Tua Tiri

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chaterine Setiawan

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available This study discusses the communication between the child and the stepparent and use the theory that consists of communication theory, communication function, the purpose of communication, interpersonal communication, effective interpersonal communication, interpersonal communication role and function of interpersonal communication. This study used a qualitative method with descriptive qualitative approach. The data used in this study consisted of primary data and secondary data. The primary data of the interviews with sources consisting of four children and one stepparent. While the secondary data obtained from other sources such as books and online data searches. The technique of collecting data using interviews, observation, literature review and data searches online. From this research it is known that children who learn about and understand the prospective stepparent before she married biological parents do relatively better than those who do not recognize his step prospective parents before marriage. It is also known that the interpersonal communication of children with stepparents dependent based on the character of the child and the stepparent respectively. Penelitian ini membahas tentang komunikasi antara anak dengan orang tua tiri dan menggunakan teori yang terdiri dari teori komunikasi, fungsi komunikasi, tujuan komunikasi, komunikasi antarpribadi, komunikasi antarpribadi yang efektif, peranan komunikasi antarpribadi dan fungsi komunikasi antarpribadi. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode kualitatif dengan pendekatan deskriptif kualitatif. Data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini terdiri dari data primer dan data sekunder. Data primer berupa hasil wawancara dengan narasumber yang terdiri dari empat orang anak dan satu orang tua tiri. Sedangkan data sekunder berupa data yang diperoleh dari buku dan sumber lain seperti penelusuran data online. Teknik pengumpulan data dengan menggunakan wawancara, observasi, kajian pustaka dan penelusuran

  20. Antimicrobial Activity of Orange Oil on Selected Pathogens

    OpenAIRE

    Obidi O. F.; Adelowotan A. O.; Ayoola G. A; Johnson O. O.; Hassan M. O.; Nwachukwu S. C. U.

    2013-01-01

    The antimicrobial activity of orange oil extracted by steam distillation from peels of orange fruits (Citrus sinensis) was screened against some medically important microorganisms. Gram-positive bacteria (Staphyloccocus aureus 001, S. aureus ATCC 25923, Enteroccocus feacalis 002, E. feacalis ATCC 295212); Gram-negative bacteria (Pseudomonas aeruginosa 003, Escherichia. Coli 004, E. coli ATCC 29522) and fungi (Candida albicans 010, C. albicans ATCC 90028) were used. The minimum inhibitory conc...

  1. Doña Mencía de Mendoza y su residencia en el Palacio del Real en Valencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hidalgo Ogáyar, Juana

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Documents preserved in the Archivo del Palau reveal the furnishings that Mencía de Mendoza had in the Royal Palace at Valencia, particularly luxury beds such as those of the Empress Isabel of Portugal and Queen Mary of France. Painters active at her court, especially Juan de Bolaños, are also discussed.

    Con la ayuda de varios documentos conservados en el Archivo del Palau, se dan a conocer diferentes enseres que Doña Mencía de Mendoza tenía en el Palacio del Real en Valencia, destacando camas de lujo como la de la Emperatriz Isabel de Portugal o la de María de Francia. Se dan a conocer algunos pintores activos en su corte como Juan de Bolaños.

  2. Aspectos relevantes de la cuenca del lago de Valencia aplicando la metodología del pensamiento complejo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María de los Ángeles Gregori

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available La dinámica de la cuenca del lago de Valencia situada entre los Estados Aragua y Carabobo, en la región norte costera de Venezuela está afectada por elementos climáticos, tectónicos, geomorfolóficos, la propia dinámica fluvial de los ríos que conforman la cuenca y por factores antrópicos, entre los cuales destacan el modelo de apropiación de los recursos naturales, la ocupación del territorio e incluso se pueden considerar las visiones mecanicistas y cortoplacista dadas en las "soluciones" que se implementaron para afrontar el crecimiento y decrecimiento del lago. Los principios del pensamiento complejo constituyen una estrategia metodológica para el abordaje multimensional y multiescalar sobre el estudio de la cuenca del lago Valencia.

  3. A Bayesian SIRS model for the analysis of respiratory syncytial virus in the region of Valencia, Spain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corberán-Vallet, Ana; Santonja, Francisco J

    2014-09-01

    We present a Bayesian stochastic susceptible-infected-recovered-susceptible (SIRS) model in discrete time to understand respiratory syncytial virus dynamics in the region of Valencia, Spain. A SIRS model based on ordinary differential equations has also been proposed to describe RSV dynamics in the region of Valencia. However, this continuous-time deterministic model is not suitable when the initial number of infected individuals is small. Stochastic epidemic models based on a probability of disease transmission provide a more natural description of the spread of infectious diseases. In addition, by allowing the transmission rate to vary stochastically over time, the proposed model provides an improved description of RSV dynamics. The Bayesian analysis of the model allows us to calculate both the posterior distribution of the model parameters and the posterior predictive distribution, which facilitates the computation of point forecasts and prediction intervals for future observations. © 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  4. Oxygen uptake by excised gills of Procambarus clarkii (Girard) from Albufera Lake of Valencia, Spain, under heavy metal treatments

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Diaz-Mayans, J.; Torreblanca, A.; Del Ramo, J.; Nunez, A.

    1986-06-01

    The American red crayfish Procambarus clarkii, originally from Louisiana (USA) was introduced in Spain in the 70's in the Guadalquivir River swamps. It appeared first randomly and in a more regular basis afterwards since 1978 in the Albufera Lake south of Valencia and in the surrounding rice fields. Albufera lake and surrounding rice fields waters are being subject since the last three decades to very heavy load of sewage, toxic industrial residues including heavy metals and pesticides from the many urban and industrial settlements in the zone. In the present study, the authors have investigated the effect that heavy metals (Chromium, Cadmium and Mercury) have on the oxygen uptake by excised bills of Procambarus clarkii (Girard) coming from the Albufera Lake (Valencia).

  5. Students’ perception on teaching competences of teachers of the branch of social science and law of the University of Valencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cruz PÉREZ PÉREZ

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents data from research conducted at the University of Valencia in order to analyse students' perception on teaching competences of teachers in the area of Social and legal Sciences. The study included a total of 389 university students from 10 different degrees of the University of Valencia. In general, the subjects in the sample rated the 32 competencies as very important in the teaching / learning process. Students assess personal skills as the most important competences, followed by scientific, methodological and social ones.Overall the two most valued competences refer to “the proper and respectful treatment of students”, as well as “creating a classroom atmosphere based on dialogue and communication”. This data is a constant that is repeated in all degrees tested, with minor variations. The competences which are less valued are "Maintaining a careful personal image" and "keep update on new information and communication technologies”.

  6. Gamma Irradiation Induced Degradation of Orange Peels

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaime Saucedo Luna

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available In this study, gamma irradiation induced degradation of orange peels (OP was investigated. The lignocellulosic biomass degradation was carried out at doses of 0 (control, 600, 1800 and 3500 kGy using a Co-60 gamma radiation source. The samples were tested for total and reducing sugars. The concentrations of total sugars ranged from 0.530 g∙g−1 in control sample to 0.382 g∙g−1 of dry weight in the sample which received the highest radiation dose. The reducing sugars content varying from 0.018 to 0.184 g∙g−1 of dry weight with the largest rise occurring in the sample irradiated at 3500 kGy. The concentrations of sucrose, glucose and fructose were determined. The changes generated in physico-chemical properties were determined by Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR and termogravimetric analysis (TG-DTG. The results show that OP was affected, but not significantly, which suggests that lignocellulose and sugars profiles were partially degraded after gamma irradiation.

  7. FAKTOR PENDORONG DAN PENARIK ORANG BALI BERWISATA KE LUAR NEGERI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ni Wayan Ana Pradnya Dewi

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Berwisata saat ini sudah menjadi gaya hidup bagi masyarakat, tak terkecuali orang Bali. Beberapa tahun terakhir tercatat banyak orang Bali yang berlibur, bahkan hingga ke luar negeri. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui profil demografis orang Bali dan negara yang dikunjungi, faktor pendorong dan penarik, menganalisis tingkat motivasi dan perbedaan motivasi orang Bali yang pertama kali dan yang sering berwisata ke luar negeri. Teori Motivasi dan Teori Hirarki Kebutuhan Maslow digunakan dalam penelitian ini. Pengumpulan data menggunakan metode wawancara dan kuesioner dengan teknik Quota Sampling. Teknik analisis data dilakukan dengan analisis deskriptif kualitatif dan analisis statistik Diskriminan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa motivasi orang Bali sangat beragam, responden dapat memiliki motivasi lebih dari satu. Faktor pendorong yang paling dominan adalah educational opportunity disamping motif lain seperti relaxation dan play, sedangkan faktor penarik yang dominan adalah cultural factors, diikuti oleh natural environment dan recreation and attraction services. Ditemukan pula adanya perbedaan motivasi di antara orang Bali yang pertama kali dan yang sering melakukan perjalanan wisata ke luar negeri.

  8. En Valencia Diseñan un proyecto que descifrará nuevas claves sobre el Universo

    CERN Document Server

    2008-01-01

    This international encounter of work has been organized by the Corpuscular Physics Institute (IFIC), mixed center of the CSIC and the Valencia University, involved in the project. The English name of "Super Flavour Factor"y sends to the resemblance of a factory in where particles in industrial amounts will take place, which will allow to study its properties with a precision and intensity without precedents, because the number of collisions between electrons will increase in one hundred and positrons.

  9. First results of the spatial and temporal variation of the night sky brightness in the surroundings of Valencia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marco, E.; Morales Rubio, A.; Zamorano, J.; Sánchez de Miguel, A.

    2017-03-01

    In recent years a study of the quality of the night sky in the surroundings of the metropolitan area of Valencia has been done. To achieve this, we used a Sky Quality Meter (SQM-LE) together with a GPS in order to cover a large number of routes from very bright locations near the city of Valencia to very dark areas located more than 100 kilometres away. The objectives of the study were to determine the variation of light pollution with respect to the distance to Valencia, locate areas with a high quality night sky in order to claim for their protection and verify the contribution of smaller towns in the brightness of the sky. Since light pollution also affects biodiversity, we have especially studied its influence on the night sky close to natural parks. Night routes have been done in the interior and vicinity of the Parc de la Calderona, the Albufera and especially the Parc del T ´uria. Our study concludes that these parks are completely degraded and need an urgent protection plan against light pollution. Finally, we present the first results of our fixed detectors SQM-LU scattered throughout the Valencian territory.

  10. L-MEB Model Calibration Over the Valencia Anchor Station Area

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopez-Baeza, E.

    2009-04-01

    In the framework of ESA's SMOS (Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity) Mission, several studies are being carried out over different types of land surfaces to study their microwave L-band emission (1.4 GHz). These studies are being integrated in the SMOS emission model (L-MEB, L-band Microwave Emission of the Biosphere, Wigneron et al. 2007), which is the core of the SMOS algorithm for the retrieval of land surface parameters from SMOS data. To contribute to Cal/Val activities at the Valencia Anchor Station (VAS) area (Caudete de las Fuentes, Valencia, Spain), one of the primary validation areas for SMOS land data and products (ESA SMOS Cal/Val AO, Project ID 3252, Lopez-Baeza et al., 2005), a number of experiments have been carried out to study the vegetation influence over the L-band emission proceeding from the soil surface. In the VAS area, a reduced number of homogeneous units have been defined according to the type and use of the soil, mainly, shrubs, vineyards, orchards (almond-and olive-trees) and Mediterranean pine forests. In order to implement the SMOS algorithm over this reference area, it is necessary to characterize and calibrate the L-MEB model for the different cover types. This work is significantly contributing to the definition of the VAS site as a validation area for SMOS land products of the size of a SMOS pixel (SMOS reference pixel). Shrubs and vineyards are the two most significant vegetation types which cover a large percentage of the area and for which very little information at L-band is available in the literature. These two types of vegetation covers have been studied in two separate dedicated experiments under the common name of MELBEX (Mediterranean Ecosystem L-Band characterisation EXperiment). The first one (MELBEX-I) took place over a shrub area characterised by a significant proportion of bare soil with superficial stones. The second one (MELBEX-II) was carried out from March to December 2007 over a large vineyard area. During the time

  11. Soil Moisture Characterization of the Valencia Anchor Station. Ground, Aircraft Measurements and Simulations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopez-Baeza, E.; Antolin, M. C.; Balling, J.; Belda, F.; Bouzinac, C.; Camacho, F.; Cano, A.; Carbo, E.; Delwart, S.; Domenech, C.; Ferreira, A. G.; Fidalgo, A.; Juglea, S.; Kerr, Y.; Marco, J.; Millan-Scheiding, C.; Narbon, C.; Rodriguez, D.; Saleh, K.; Sanchis, J.; Skou, N.; Sobjaerg, S.; Soriano, P.; Tamayo, J.; Tauriainen, S.; Torre, E.; Velazquez-Blazquez, A.; Wigneron, J.-P.; Wursteisen, P.

    In the framework of ESA SMOS Mission, the Valencia Anchor Station (VAS) has been selected as a core validation site. Its reasonable homogeneous characteristics make it appropriate to undertake the validation of SMOS Level 2 land products before attempting other more complex areas. Close to SMOS launch (2nd Nov. 2009), ESA defined the SMOS Validation Rehearsal Campaign Plan with the aim of testing the readiness, ensemble coordination and speed of operations, to be able to avoid as far as possible any unexpected deficiencies of the plan and procedure during the real Commissioning Phase campaigns.For the rehearsal activity which successfully took place in April - May 2008, a control area of 10 x 10 km2 was chosen at the VAS study area where a network of ground soil moisture (SM) measuring stations is being set up based on an original definition of homogeneous physio-hydrological units attending to climatic, soil type, lithology, geology, elevation, slope and vegetation cover conditions. Complementary to the ground measurements, flight operations were performed over this control area using the Helsinki University of Technology TKK Short Skyvan research aircraft which contained onboard a payload constituted of the following instruments: (i) L-band EMIRAD radiometer (Technical University of Denmark, TUD), (ii) L-band HUT-2D imaging interferometric radiometer (TKK), (iii) PARIS GPS reflectrometry system (Institute for Space Studies of Catalonia, IEEC), (iv) IR sensor (Finnish Institute of Maritime Research, FIMR).Together with the ground SM measurements, other ground and meteorological measurements from the VAS area, kindly provided by other institutions, are currently been used to simulate passive microwave brightness temperature to obtain satellite "match ups" for validation purposes and to test the retrieval algorithms. The spatialization of the ground measurements up to a SMOS pixel is carried out by using the SURFace EXternalisée (SURFEX) model from Météo France

  12. La Casa de las Atarazanas de Valencia y Joan del Poyo (I

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    Iborra Bernad, Federico

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available

    The construction of the House of the Dockyards in the coast line of the city by the local government was the result of the urban development policy of Valencia, showing that the city itself was centred in showing an image of propriety and beauty in every place, and also the influence of Martin I and his unsatisfied wishes of constructing a palace near the coast of Barcelona. Despite the fact that the original purpose of the building was to be used a warehouse of the port, the needs of the local government forced it to extend its functions turning it into a palace receiving prominent figures and being the emplacement of many ceremonies and banquets. The importance of the House of the Dockyards can be appreciated in its dimensions, as we can see in the engravings and landscapes illustrations of El Grao, and in the work produced by Joan del Poyo after returning from Barcelona, where he served the king Martin I, probably in the Royal Palace of the city.



    La construcción de la Casa de las Atarazanas en la línea litoral de la urbe por parte del gobierno municipal se debió tanto a la política urbanística emprendida por el patriciado urbano centrada en mostrar una imagen de belleza y decoro en todos sus frentes, como a la influencia que pudo haber ejercido Martín I en el reino de Valencia, y su deseo no satisfecho de edificar en Barcelona un palacio cercano a la costa. Aunque en un primer momento la finalidad del edificio fue la de servir de almacén de los productos del puerto, las necesidades de gobierno hizo ampliar sus funciones, asemejándose más a la de una casa o palacio, que acogería a personajes ilustres en su llegada marítima y sería el emplazamiento de ceremonias y ágapes. La importancia de la Casa de las Atarazanas se aprecia tanto en sus grandes dimensiones, como constatan los grabados e ilustraciones paisajísticas del

  13. Triásico medio de Bugarra (Valencia. España

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    Márquez-Aliaga, A.

    1984-12-01

    Full Text Available The Middle Triassic material sequence (Muschelkalk nearly the village of Bugarra (Meridional lberian Range, Valencia, Spain has been considered, in base its faunistic and litoestratigraphic aspects, as equivalent to the upper MuschelkaIk (M-3 of Catalan Ranges (Virgili, 1958. Several cycles, thickening and coarsening upward, made out the lower section, wich is formed by thin bedded micritic dolomites in its lower part. The same, D. cf. lommelii (WISS. and Nautiloidea are present in that. The upper section of the series correspond to a very shallow sediment in a inter-supra tidal environment. It is formed by micritic dolomite with stromatolites, criptoalgal laminites, mudcracks, tepees, rain pits and evaporite pseudomorphs. A very rich bivalves comunity is presento in the boundary between the upper and lower sections. It is represented by: Neoschizodus laevigatus (GOLD., Placunopsis teruelensis WURM, Bakevellia costata (SSHLO'TH., Pseudocorbula gregaria (MUNST.. The occurrence of D. cf. lommeli permit us to date the studied series as middle-upper Ladinian.

    La serie de los materiales del Triásico medio (Muschelkalk de las proximidades de la localidad de Bugarra, situada al noroeste de la provincia de Valencia, es, por su contenido faunístico y características litoestratigráficas, equivalente al Muschelkalk superior (M-3 de los Catalánides (Virgili, 1958. En esta serie se han diferenciado dos subtramos, El subtramo inferior está formado por varios ciclos "thickening and coarsening upward" con dolomía micrítica tableada en la parte inferior, conteniendo Daonella cf, lommeli (WISS. y dolomía bioclástica con Nautiloideos en la parte superior. El subtramo superior de la serie que corresponde a un depósito somero sedimentado en un ambiente inter-supralitoral. Consiste en dolomías micrítícas con estromatolitos, laminaciones criptoalgales, grietas de desecaci

  14. Análisis constructivo y estructural de la catedral de Valencia

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    Llopis Pulido, V.

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The cathedral of Valencia constructive characteristics make it a representative example of the Mediterranean Gothic: low slenderness, little height difference between the naves and limited voids dimension. These differences are explained from the present work, where a constructive study and a structural system analysis under gravity loads and seismic effects are shown. For the analysis a pushover method and a non-linear damage model have been used. The buttresses and diaphragms function will be patent with the Finite Element structural model modification which will progressively remove each one of these constructive elements. The results display a resistant capacity enough to face a seism of 450 years that gets worse if a return period of 950 years is considered. The need of the walls continuity trough the buttresses that turn into authentic diaphragm walls will be demonstrated.Las características constructivas de la catedral de Valencia la convierten en un ejemplo representativo del gótico mediterráneo: reducida esbeltez, escasa diferencia de altura entre las naves y limitadas dimensiones de huecos. Estas características se explican a partir del presente trabajo donde se muestra un estudio constructivo y un análisis del sistema estructural frente a cargas gravitatorias y efectos sísmicos. En el análisis se utiliza el método por empujes incrementales (pushover y el método no-lineal de modelo de daño. La función de arbotantes y diafragmas quedará patente con la modificación del modelo MEF que eliminará progresivamente cada uno de estos elementos constructivos. Los resultados muestran una suficiente capacidad resistente frente a un sismo con un período de retorno de 475 años que empeora si se considera de 950 años. Se evidenciará la necesidad de la continuidad muraria a través de los arbotantes que se convierten en auténticos muros diafragmáticos.

  15. Greenhouse gas budget from a rice paddy field in the Albufera of Valencia, Spain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meijide, Ana; López-Ballesteros, Ana; Calvo-Roselló, Esperanza; López-Jiménez, Ramón; Recio-Huetos, Jaime; Calatayud, Vicent; Carrara, Arnaud; Serrano-Ortiz, Penelope

    2017-04-01

    Rice paddy fields are large sources of anthropogenic methane (CH4) and therefore many studies have assessed CH4 fluxes from rice paddy fields, mainly in Asia where most of the rice cultivation takes place. However, rice is also cultivated in the Mediterranean, where climatic and management conditions greatly differ. In the Albufera of Valencia, the largest freshwater lagoon in Spain, rice paddy fields have the particularity of being flooded not only while the rice grows, but also after the harvest during the winter. These flooding conditions might result in emissions which are very specific of this ecosystem, and cannot be extrapolated from other studies. We studied CH4 fluxes in a rice paddy field in the Albufera of Valencia at different stages of rice cultivation using the eddy covariance technique and static chambers. We additionally measured carbon dioxide (CO2), water fluxes and nitrous oxide (N2O) fluxes with eddy covariance and chamber methods respectively, in order to obtain a full greenhouse gas (GHG) budget. Our study also aimed at providing a mechanistic understanding of GHG emissions at different stages of rice cultivation, and therefore we also used the Enhanced and Normalized Vegetation Indexes (EVI and NDVI, respectively), derived from remote sensing images. The general ecosystem functioning encompasses three different phases. The first one, over the autumn and the winter, a biological dormancy period causes low CO2 emissions (ca. 1-5 µmol m-2 s-1), which coincides with the EVI and NDVI. The intermittent flooding taking place during this period is expected to cause CH4 emissions. Then, during the spring months (March-May), larger CO2 respiratory emissions take place during the daytime (> 5 µmol m-2 s-1) due to an increase in air temperature, which turn to neutral at the end of spring due to the start of photosynthesis by the rice. The third phase corresponds to the vegetation growth, when the net CO2 uptake increases gradually up to maximum CO2

  16. ACCOUNTING MANAGEMENT AND TECHNOLOGY INFORMATION: EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE FROM THE PORT AUTHORITY OF VALENCIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arturo Giner Fillol

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Los puertos que disponen de una buena localización geográfica, gestión eficiente y servicios de valor añadido, tienen posibilidades de obtener un liderazgo a nivel internacional; como es el caso de la Autoridad Portuaria de Valencia, que ocupa un lugar destacado en el ranking internacional de puertos de contenedores. Los sistemas de información deben estimular la curiosidad de las organizaciones, deben facilitar el proceso de la toma de decisiones participativas y deben incrementar la habilidad de la organización para hacer frente a los cambios en el entorno. Los cambios que se están produciendo en el entorno afectan plenamente a la organización y por lo tanto a sus sistemas de informáticos. A través del estudio de los Sistemas de Business Intelligence en la Autoridad Portuaria de Valencia, se busca reafirmar estas presunciones de los diversos autores analizados. Para finalizar se debe resaltar que para que la información contable, tanto de la contabilidad financiera como de la contabilidad de gestión, el aporte del valor al proceso estratégico de las empresas, deberá contribuir con éxito en los procesos estratégicos de las organizaciones, seleccionando aquellos aspectos de la gestión contable que son relevantes para la estrategia de las organizaciones (Álvarez-Dardet et al., 1999. La evolución y la transformación que han sufrido las empresas en las últimas décadas en cuanto al progreso tecnológico y la variación en los métodos de producción, plantea la posible obsolescencia de los sistemas de costes llamados convencionales. Estos sistemas tradicionales no tienen en cuenta el impacto que supone la automatización de los procesos productivos y el cambio sufrido en el peso específico de los diferentes componentes del coste del producto. Las organizaciones tienen que ir evolucionando la información contable hacia una orientación estratégica, para proporcionar apoyo al proceso estratégico empresarial, evolucionando el

  17. Nanobiocatalytic Degradation of Acid Orange 7

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hastings, Jason

    The catalytic properties of various metal nanoparticles have led to their use in environmental remediation applications. However, these remediation strategies are limited by their ability to deliver catalytic nanoparticles and a suitable electron donor to large treatment zones. Clostridium pasteurianum BC1 cells, loaded with bio-Pd nanoparticles, were used to effectively catalyze the reductive degradation and removal of Acid Orange 7 (AO7), a model azo compound. Hydrogen produced fermentatively by the C. pasteurianum BC1 acted as the electron donor for the process. Pd-free bacterial cultures or control experiments conducted with heat-killed cells showed limited reduction of AO7. Experiments also showed that the in situ biological production of H2 by C. pasteurianum BC1 was essential for the degradation of AO7, which suggests a novel process where the in situ microbial production of hydrogen is directly coupled to the catalytic bio-Pd mediated reduction of AO7. The differences in initial degradation rate for experiments conducted using catalyst concentrations of 1ppm Pd and 5ppm Pd and an azo dye concentration of 100ppm AO7 was 0.39 /hr and 1.94 /hr respectively, demonstrating the importance of higher concentrations of active Pd(0). The degradation of AO7 was quick as demonstrated by complete reductive degradation of 50ppm AO7 in 2 hours in experiments conducted using a catalyst concentration of 5ppm Pd. Dye degradation products were analyzed via Gas Chromatograph-Mass Spectrometer (GCMS), High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC), UltraViolet-Visible spectrophotometer (UV-Vis) and Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization (MALDI) spectrometry. The presence of 1-amino 2-naphthol, one of the hypothesized degradation products, was confirmed using mass spectrometry.

  18. Análisis de la distribución de raíces de 12 patrones injertados con naranja "frost valencia" Citrus sinensis L. oesbeck de 14 años de edad, en condiciones climáticas de Palmira, Valle del Cauca Analysis of root distribution in 12 citrus rootstocks grown in Palmira, the Cauca Valley

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Escobar T. William

    1992-12-01

    Full Text Available

    En el Centro Nacional de Investigaciones del ICA, Palmira, se estudió el sistema de raíces de 12 patrones injertados con naranja Frost Valencia, de 14 años de edad, sembrados en un suelo Franco-Arcilloso. Se tomaron muestras a 1.0, 1,5, 2.0 y 3.0 m de distancia de la base del árbol y a profundidades de 0-20, 20-40, 40-60, 60-80 Y 80-100 cm, considerando cada distancia. Los patrones que mostraron la mayor densidad de raíces fueron: Amblycarpa, Citrange Carrizo y Mandarina Cleopatra. Se encontró correlación directa y altamente significativa entre el sistema de raíces menores de 2 mm de diámetro con la altura y diámetro del árbol, lo mismo que con el volumen de la copa. Estos aspectos son de especial importancia para evaluar el grado de adaptación a diferentes condiciones de suelo, al momento de plantar un huerto.

    At the ICA National Research Center in Palmira a study of the root system of 12 rootstocks grafted with "Frost Valencia" orange 14 years old grown on clay-loam soil was conducted. Root samples were taken at distances of 1.0, 1.5, 2.0 and 3.0 m from stem and a depth of 0-20, 20-40, 40-60, 60-80 and 80-100 cm in each distances. The rootstocks Amblycarpa, Citrange Carrizo and Cleopatra Mandarin presented the greater root densities. The height, diameter and the foliage tree volume showed positive correlation whit a diameter lesser than two millimeter. That's special importance for the adaptation several soil's conditions.

  19. EFEKTIVITAS AROMATERAPI BITTER ORANGE TERHADAP NYERI POST PARTUM SECTIO CAESAREA

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    Sri Utami

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Surgery that causes severe pain physiological response as compared to a normal delivery was called sectio caesarea. The alternative to reduce pain with bitter orange aroma therapy. Bitter orange aroma therapy is to give the effect of reducing the muscle tensions and stress the body as a whole with the goal of keeping the body and mind into a relaxed. This research was aimed to explore the effectiveness of bitter orange aroma therapy for reduction pain in post partum sectio caesarea. The method used this research was quasi experimental with pre test and post test design with control group. The instruments used numeric rating scale to measure pain intensity. The sampling technique used purposive sampling where the quantity of research sample 34 respondents which are divided into 2 groups, namely intervention group and control group. bitter orange aroma therapy carried out for 15 minutes each day for 2 days. The univariate analysis was conducted to show pain distribution and bivariate analysis was conducted by Wicoxon and Mann Whitney. The result show that after bitter orange aroma therapy was applied towards intervered group, it was obtained that mean of respondents category pain was reducing at 3,44 (low pain with the reduction was 1,47 and mean of post partum sectio caesarea pain without given bitter orange aroma therapy in control group was 4,82 (moderate pain with the reduction was 0. The statistic showed up p value (0,000< 0,05 which mean that kneading techniques effective to reduce pain of post partum sectio caesarea. Based on the result, bitter orange aroma therapy can be recommended as nursing intervention of post partum sectio caesarea.

  20. New early instrumental series since the beginning of the 19th century in eastern Iberia (Valencia, Spain)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanchez-Lorenzo, Arturo; Barriendos, Mariano; Guinaldo, Elena; Lopez-Bustins, Joan A.

    2010-05-01

    Early instrumental series are the main source for climate information in the 18th and the first part of the 19th century, which is when systematic meteorological observations started in most national meteorological services. The first continuous series in Spain starts in 1780 in Barcelona due to meteorological observations made by the medical doctor Francisco Salvá Campillo. Moreover, only two other series have been recovered at the present in Spain: Madrid and Cádiz/San Fernando. Until present, in Spain the major part of the meteorological observations detected in early instrumental periods were made by medical doctors, who started to pay attention to the environmental factors influencing population health under the Hippocrates oath, although also there are military institutions and academic university staff (e.g. physicists, mathematicians, etc.). Due to the high spatial and temporal climate variability in the Iberian Peninsula, it is important to recover and digitize more climatic series, and this is one of the main goals of the Salvá-Sinobas project (http://salva-sinobas.uvigo.es/) funded by the Spanish Ministry of Environment, and Rural and Marine Affairs for the 2009-2011 period. The first new series with systematic observations was detected in the city of Valencia, in the eastern façade of the Iberian Peninsula. The meteorological observations were daily published in the newspapers Diario de Valencia (1804-1834) and Diario Mercantil de Valencia (1837-1863) until official meteorological observations started in 1858 at the University of Valencia. Each day 3-daily observations (morning, midday, afternoon) were published with five climatic variables: temperature, air pressure, humidity, wind direction and the sky state. Only during the 1804-1808 period daily rainfall data is available. We checked the observer comments published in the newspapers to obtain metadata about the instruments and meteorological station information. Unfortunately, temperature data

  1. Factores de vulnerabilidad ante los incendios forestales en las provincias de Alicante y Valencia

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    William Hernández Ramos

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Para poder realizar un acercamiento al perjuicio de los incendios forestales en la población se ha de establecer una visión lo más integradora geográficamente hablando. Existen numerosos estudios sobre la naturaleza ecológica de los incendios. La geografía física también ha ahondado en ello en temas relaciona¬dos con la climatología. Sin embargo, poco se ha mirado a la vulnerabilidad que generan estos siniestros en la población de dos de las provincias de España con más problemas cada año como son Valencia y Alicante. En el presente estudio se pretende sacar a la luz e interpretar con la mayor objetividad posible los datos de la Conselleria de Gobernació de la Comunidad Valenciana sobre el origen humano de los incendios forestales. Por otro lado, también se pretende realizar un exhaustivo análisis de algunos docu¬mentos legales a nivel estatal y autonómico que tienen que ver con los incendios. Por último, se hará una radiografía de los espacios de riesgo de incendio forestal en las provincias que han sido objeto de estudio.

  2. SUSTENTABILIDADE AMBIENTAL: UM ESTUDO NA AUTORIDADE PORTUÁRIA DE VALENCIA, ESPANHA.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ARTURO GINER FILLOL

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Even though with the great relevance of the ports for economical and social development of the countries, there is an issue that deserves attention of the managers and society. It is the fact that the port activities cause environmental impacts such as siltation in aquatic environs, changes in the fauna and flora, atmosphere emissions, solid waste generations and among others. In this context, the environmental information management is important as for the port managers as for society since it allows to know the impact level generated and the commitment level with the sustainability over the time. One of the ways to measure information is to verify the manager commitment levels with the environmental management. As a consequence of this understanding the present research aims to identify the environmental sustainability in Port Authority of Valencia (APV. As methodology, it is used an applied questionnaire to the top management of APV and it is held a content analyses of the Sustainability Report of APV to understand the commitment level with environmental aspects. The questionnaire application results show a great APV commitment with environmental aspects (Materials, Energy, Water, Biodiversity, Emissions, Wastewaters, Wastes, Administrative and judicial sanctions, Product and Service Impacts, Transport Impacts, Fines, Non-monetary Sanctions, Non-conformities, however, the Sustainability Report analyses shows that not all items are shown (80% is shown. It is also verified that the APV commitment is not limited to the speech or port environmental policy, but also to the items that show and evaluate the environmental aspect performances.

  3. Luis Albert and the first urban plans of the Provincial Council of Valencia

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    José Luis Merlo Fuertes

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available This article will analyze the urban plans of those municipalities in the Province of Valencia that embraced the technical assistance given by the Provincial Council for the planning composition, at the time of Luis Albert Ballesteros, the provincial council architect. Those first urban plans of the Provincial Council make up a homogeneous set of documents since they respond to a unique style of urban planning that varies as much as the original core of the population does. The common element is the ground plan centrality that would be highlighted by an area or a protected green zone that will somehow link to the urban proposals connected to the city-garden model by Howard. Commencement of which began at a time characterized mainly by the co-existence of a great diversity of laws and percepts, making it so that the meaning of the term urban planning could be applied in a variety of ways. The urban plans of the Provincial Council represent the latest inheritance of the extension models and interior remodeling. In the transition to the Land Planning Act (Ley de Suelo of 1956, these plans have the interest in being, in addition to the last examples of the so-called urbanism in the municipal tradition, one of the ancestors of the current master plans of urban development (plan general de ordenación urbana.

  4. Determinants of seasonal influenza vaccination in pregnant women in Valencia, Spain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vila-Candel, R; Navarro-Illana, P; Navarro-Illana, E; Castro-Sánchez, E; Duke, Kiri; Soriano-Vidal, F J; Tuells, J; Díez-Domingo, J

    2016-11-21

    In most countries the coverage of seasonal influenza vaccination in pregnant women is low. We investigated the acceptance, reasons for rejection and professional involvement related to vaccine information in pregnant women in Valencia, Spain. Observational retrospective study in 200 pregnant women, 100 vaccinated and 100 unvaccinated, were interviewed during the 2014/2015 vaccination campaign. Electronic medical records, immunization registry and telephone interviews were used to determine reasons for vaccination and immunization rejection. 40.5% of pregnant women in the health department were vaccinated. The midwife was identified as source of information for 89% of women. The vaccine was rejected due to low perceptions of risk of influenza infection (23%), lack of information (19%), considering the vaccine as superfluous (16%), close proximity of delivery date (13%) and fear of side effects (12%). Pregnant women in Spain declined to be vaccinated due to under-estimation of the risk of contracting or being harmed by influenza, and lack of information. Interventions aiming to optimize vaccination coverage should include information addressing the safety and effectiveness of the current vaccine together with improved professional training and motivation.

  5. Determinants of seasonal influenza vaccination in pregnant women in Valencia, Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Vila-Candel

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background In most countries the coverage of seasonal influenza vaccination in pregnant women is low. We investigated the acceptance, reasons for rejection and professional involvement related to vaccine information in pregnant women in Valencia, Spain. Methods Observational retrospective study in 200 pregnant women, 100 vaccinated and 100 unvaccinated, were interviewed during the 2014/2015 vaccination campaign. Electronic medical records, immunization registry and telephone interviews were used to determine reasons for vaccination and immunization rejection. Results 40.5% of pregnant women in the health department were vaccinated. The midwife was identified as source of information for 89% of women. The vaccine was rejected due to low perceptions of risk of influenza infection (23%, lack of information (19%, considering the vaccine as superfluous (16%, close proximity of delivery date (13% and fear of side effects (12%. Conclusion Pregnant women in Spain declined to be vaccinated due to under-estimation of the risk of contracting or being harmed by influenza, and lack of information. Interventions aiming to optimize vaccination coverage should include information addressing the safety and effectiveness of the current vaccine together with improved professional training and motivation.

  6. The biology and ecology of Valencia letourneuxi Sauvage 1880 (Valenciidae - Prospects for conservation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. BARBIERI

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available Data are provided on the distribution, abundance, early development and biology of the endangered Greek endemic species Valencia letourneuxi Sauvage 1880, along with a record of its occurrence at new localities. V. letourneuxi is a small-bodied and short-lived insectivorous species, exhibiting cryptic colouration and sexual dimorphism. It matures in the first year of life, reproduces serially in late spring and summer, and deposits spherical eggs, around 2 mm, on aquatic plants. Most morphometric characters show size-specific trends, which complicate comparisons among populations or with other species. Of specific systematic importance is the relative position of the anal and dorsal fins, which remains almost unaltered throughout development, and allows safe distinction from A. fasciatus. The species was found mostly in deep areas with clean and slow running water, usually associated with freshwater springs. Rich submerged vegetation is the prominent ecological feature of all sites in which the species was found. Using as criteria of rarity the limited geographic distribution, the confinement of the species in few localities of each aquatic system and the low local densities, V. letourneuxi can be characterised as a "restricted and locally rare species". The restricted distribution, coupled with the narrow ecological requirements, makes the species vulnerable to extinction. Its disappearance from at least four aquatic systems and the serious population decline in a number of other systems seems to be connected with habitat loss or degradation caused by human activities. The prospects of conservation are discussed.

  7. The Sustainability of Mediterranean Port Areas: Environmental Management for Local Regeneration in Valencia

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    Filomena Borriello

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Urban renovation projects, which have led to the conversion of port areas through a new vision of waterfronts as elements of the potential development of the urban system in its entirety, have spread since the early 1950s and now some port cities are able to trigger some mechanisms which, even if they are the result of some processes that have been activated for decades and which are still evolving, are able to amplify and to extend over time their generated positive impacts. These impacts also produce a system of relations in the context of the hinterland, attracted also by policies of economic, social, and cultural development. In the case of the city of Valencia, we have seen, in the last 50 years, a progressive spread of the urbanized area to the coasts, simultaneously with a process of renovation of the port area, which has been populated by important architectures, and which has been equipped by efficient infrastructures and subjected to numerous recovery and restoration operations of its historic buildings. However, the environmental conditions near the port area are not well suited to a good quality of life because ports are pollution producers, sites of urban decay, and of social degradation. A good plan can include some instruments to decrease those negative factors, leading to a close merging between the port area and the city hinterland, and generating new economies. The proposal of this research consists in a method of integrating the port planning with an environmental accounting system.

  8. Earthquake static stress transfer in the 2013 Gulf of Valencia (Spain seismic sequence

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    L. Saló

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available On 24 September 2013, an Ml 3.6 earthquake struck in the Gulf of Valencia (Spain near the Mediterranean coast of Castelló, roughly 1 week after gas injections conducted in the area to develop underground gas storage had been halted. The event, felt by the nearby population, led to a sequence build-up of felt events which reached a maximum of Ml 4.3 on 2 October.Here, we study the role of static stress transfer as an earthquake-triggering mechanism during the main phase of the sequence, as expressed by the eight felt events. By means of the Coulomb failure function, cumulative static stress changes are quantified on fault planes derived from focal mechanism solutions (which act as both source and receiver faults and on the previously mapped structures in the area (acting only as stress receivers in our modeling. Results suggest that static stress transfer played a destabilizing role and point towards an SE-dipping structure underlying the reservoir (or various with analogous geometry that was most likely activated during the sequence. One of the previously mapped faults could be geometrically compatible, yet our study supports deeper sources. Based on this approach, the influence of the main events in the occurrence of future and potentially damaging earthquakes in the area would not be significant.

  9. Energy saving and solar energy use in the University of Valencia (Spain)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gomez-Amo, J.L.; Tena, F.; Martinez-Lozano, J.A.; Utrillas, M.P. [Universitat de Valencia (Spain). Grupo de Radiacion Solar

    2004-04-01

    Recent years have seen increasing public interest in issues related to energy saving and concern for the environment. It is important to highlight the work of public institutions in this respect. This was the motive that led the University of Valencia to finance a pilot project with the objective of studying useful initiatives for optimising energy consumption in accordance with the institution's needs as well as the incorporation of innovative and more efficient technologies. The approach was to consider various aspects ranging from the analysis of the current energy consumption and the state of the installations, through the substitution of some energy inefficient components, to the study of the possible installation of a photovoltaic solar powered electricity generation station connected to the network. Also purely technical questions on economic efficiency should not be forgotten as this could lead to a reduction in energy consumption and the optimisation of the current energy consuming equipment, since generally, it is this question that limits the possible energy saving actions. (author)

  10. [Adiposity and psychological well-being: effects of physical activity on university students in Valencia, Spain].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castillo, Isabel; Molina-García, Javier

    2009-10-01

    To determine, through the use of a structural equation model, the relationships that exist between physical activity, body fat, perceived physical ability, and three indicators of psychological well-being, in a sample of Spanish university students. A descriptive cross-sectional study of 639 students 18-29 years of age representative of the universities of Valencia, Spain, during the 2005-2006 term. Physical exercise was rated by taking an inventory of healthy behaviors among students. The following scales were applied: self-perceived physical ability, self-esteem, satisfaction with life, and subjective vitality. Body fat was expressed as the percentage of fat mass (PFM). A theoretical model was devised using six measured variables. The participants' level of physical activity was moderate; they perceived themselves to be physically competent; had high self-esteem; were satisfied with life; and had high vitality. Physical activity was negatively correlated with PFM in men and women alike; and negatively associated with perceived physical ability; while perceived physical ability was positively associated with self-esteem, life satisfaction, and subjective vitality. The effect of physical activity on perceived competence was mediated in part by PFM in men. In women, exercise was directly correlated to PFM, as well as perceived ability, without PFM mediation. Increased physical activity is of great value to public health because, in addition to helping to reduce body fat, it improves psychological well-being and self-image.

  11. Organochlorinated pesticides in sediments from the Lake Albufera of Valencia (Spain).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peris, E; Requena, S; de la Guardia, M; Pastor, A; Carrasco, J M

    2005-09-01

    Bottom sediment samples from 121 sites of the Lake Albufera of Valencia were analyzed. Dieldrin, endrin, heptachlor and op'-DDT were not detected (<0.01 ng g(-1)) in 88-93% of the sites. Aldrin and HCB concentration ranges were between <0.01 and 0.1 ng g(-1) in 86% and 94% of the sites, respectively. Heptachlor-epoxide and lindane 95% confidence intervals were 0.2-0.5 and 0.06-0.12, respectively. The greatest average concentration corresponds to pp'-DDE, pp'-DDD and pp'-DDT. The sum of six isomers and derivatives of the DDT average concentration reaches 2.1 ng g(-1), as opposed to 2.7 ng g(-1) for the sum of 13 pesticides considered. In the site with a major contamination, 27.0 ng g(-1) of pp'-DDD and 12.8 ng g(-1) of pp'-DDT were accumulated. The DDE:DDT proportion average was 0.37, indicating an aged DDT contamination. Concentrations of pesticides in sediments were compared to three sediment quality guidelines, and indicated that a low biological effects level can be expected in either sediments or aquatic organisms.

  12. Soil Properties Database of Spanish Soils Volume IV.- Valencia and Murcia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Trueba, C.; Millan, R.; Schmid, T.; Roquero, C; Magister, M.

    1998-01-01

    The soil vulnerability determines the sensitivity of the soil after an accidental radioactive contamination due to Cs-137 and Sr-90. The Departamento de Impacto Ambiental de la Energia of CIEMAT is carrying out an assessment of the radiological vulnerability of the different Spanish soils found on the Iberian Peninsula. This requires the knowledge of the soil properties for the various types of existing soils. In order to achieve this aim, a bibliographical compilation of soil profiles has been made to characterize the different soil types and create a database of their properties. Depending on the year of publication and the type of documentary source, the information compiled from the available bibliography is very heterogeneous. Therefore, an important effort has been made to normalize and process the information prior to its incorporation to the database. This volume presents the criteria applied to normalize and process the data as well as the soil properties of the various soil types belonging to the Comunidades Autonomas de Valencia and Murcia. (Author) 63 refs

  13. Use of Physio-Hydrological Units for SMOS Validation at the Valencia Anchor Station Study Area

    Science.gov (United States)

    Millán-Scheiding, C.; Antolín, C.; Marco, J.; Soriano, M. P.; Torre, E.; Requena, F.; Carbó, E.; Cano, A.; Lopez-Baeza, E.

    2009-04-01

    The SMOS space mission will soil moisture over the continents and ocean surface salinity with the sufficient resolution to be used in global climate change studies. With the aim of validating SMOS land data and products at the Valencia Anchor Station site (VAS) in a Mediterranean Ecosystem area of Spain, we have designed a sample methodology using a subdivision of the landscape in environmental units related to the spatial variability of soil moisture (Millán-Scheiding, 2006; Lopez-Baeza, et al. 2008). These physio-hydrological units are heterogeneously structured entities which present a certain degree of internal uniformity of hydrological parameters. The units are delimited by integrating areas with the same physio-morphology, soil type, vegetation, geology and topography (Flugel, et al 2003; Millán-Scheiding et al, 2007). Each of these units presented over the same pedological characteristics, vegetation cover, and landscape position should have a certain degree of internal uniformity in its hydrological parameters and therefore similar soil moisture (SM). The main assumption for each unit is that the dynamical variation of the hydrological parameters within one unit should be minimum compared to the dynamics of another unit. This methodology will hopefully provide an effective sampling design consisting of a reduced number of measuring points, sparsely distributed over the area, or alternatively, using SM validation networks where each sampling point is located where it is representative of the mean soil moisture of a complete unit area. The Experimental Plan for the SMOS Validation Rehearsal Campaign at the VAS area of April-May 2008 used this environmental subdivision in the selection and sampling of over 21.000 soil moisture points in a control area of 10 x 10 km2. The ground measurements were carried out during 4 nights corresponding to a drying out period of the soil. The sampling consisted of 700 plots with 4 volumetric SM cylinders and 7 Delta-T Theta

  14. GC-MS characterization of contemporary pesticides in PM10 of Valencia Region, Spain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hart, Elizabeth; Coscollà, Clara; Pastor, Agustín; Yusà, Vicent

    2012-12-01

    Better knowledge of the occurrence of pesticides in the inhalable fraction of particulate matter (PM10) could be very useful for future exposure assessment in individuals of the general public. The present work studies the spatial and temporal distribution of the occurrence of currently used pesticides (CUPs) in PM10. Ambient air samples were collected from January through December 2010 at one remote, one urban and three rural sites in Valencia Region (Spain) and analyzed for 42 CUPs using a gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry in tandem (GC-MS/MS) approach. Overall, 24 pesticides were detected in the PM10 fraction, four of them currently banned pesticides. Among those detected, concentrations of two particle-bound pesticides (permethrin and pyrimethanil) were, to our knowledge, reported for the first time in air in the literature. The detected pesticides appeared at frequencies ranging from pesticide profile, which is linked to the different types of crops around each site. Seasonal patterns were observed in the rural stations of Alzira and Sant Jordi, correlating pesticide detection with their application in agricultural practices, mostly in spring and early summer. These findings suggest that more efforts are required to implement an extensive air monitoring network in Europe for pesticide control and to develop regulations or recommendations regarding pesticide levels in ambient air.

  15. Demand relationships in orange exports to Russia: a differential demand system approach focusing on Egypt

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    Assem Abu Hatab

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Recent years have witnessed closer diplomatic relations between Egypt and Russia, which have led to significant growth in the countries’ bilateral agricultural trade. As a world-leading producer and exporter of oranges, these developments represent an opportunity for Egypt to promote its orange exports to Russia. Another emerging opportunity for Egypt to increase its share in the Russian market for imported oranges has been provided by import embargos imposed by Russia in recent years on agricultural and food commodities from several countries, creating a supply gap of around 25 % in the Russian orange market. To assess the competitiveness of Egyptian oranges and explore the potential export opportunities presented by the Russian market, this paper uses a Rotterdam import allocation model to analyse demand relationships among major orange suppliers to Russia during the period 1996–2014. The results show that in comparison with other orange suppliers, Egypt enjoys a strong comparative advantage in the export of oranges to Russia. The econometric results suggest that both Morocco and Egypt would benefit the most if Russia were to allocate a larger budget to the import of oranges. The expenditure elasticity estimates indicate that an increase in Russia’s demand for imported oranges would lead to increases in the quantity of Egypt’s orange exports, as well as in its share of the Russian orange market. Furthermore, cross-price elasticity estimates reveal that Egyptian oranges are substitutes for Turkish and South African oranges, implying that Russia has a tendency to switch to these two suppliers when Egyptian oranges become relatively expensive. In light of these results, the adoption of strategies to produce oranges sustainably and cost-effectively, upgrade the orange value chain, acquire processing technologies and enhance the technical and organisational capacity of farmers and exporters could be useful means for promoting

  16. Colorful and transparent poly(vinyl alcohol) composite films filled with layered zinc hydroxide salts, intercalated with anionic orange azo dyes (methyl orange and orange II)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Neves da Silva, Marlon Luiz; Marangoni, Rafael; Cursino, Ana Cristina Trindade; Schreiner, Wido Herwig; Wypych, Fernando

    2012-01-01

    Highlights: ► Zinc hydroxide salts were successfully intercalated with anionic orange azo dyes. ► The anionic dye was co-intercalated with hydrated chloride anions. ► The orange materials were used as fillers for poly(vinyl alcohol). ► Transparent, homogeneous, colorful PVA films were obtained by wet casting. ► Some composites stored at lower humidity exhibited improved mechanical properties. - Abstract: Layered zinc hydroxide salts (zinc LHS) were intercalated with anionic orange azo dyes, namely methyl orange (MO) and orange II (OII), and co-intercalated with hydrated chloride anions. After characterization by X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermal analysis (TGA/DTA), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), the materials were used as fillers for poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA). Colorful transparent films were obtained by wet casting, revealing good dispersion of the material into the polymer. In the case of zinc LHS/OII, PVA was intercalated between the zinc LHS layers. Evaluation of the mechanical properties of the PVA composite films revealed that the layered colorful materials were able to increase the mechanical properties of the PVA films only when the films were stored under lower relative humidity. As expected, films with higher water content displayed reduced tensile strength and modulus because of the plasticizing effect of water. As for the films stored at 43% relative humidity, more pronounced improvement of modulus was observed for 1 and 4% zinc LHS/OII, and enhanced tensile strength was achieved for 0.5 and 1% zinc LHS/OII. This effect can be attributed to better dispersion of the layered filler and its better adhesion to the PVA matrix.

  17. Kehidupan Wayang Orang Sriwedari dalam Perspektif Determinasi Penari Rol

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    Hersapandi Hersapandi

    2013-11-01

    Sriwedari Wayang Orang Performance. The term “rol” dancer or star dancer refers to the main dancer who becomes the star in wayang orang. It has an excellent qualifi cation in performing his/her role, an excellent mastery of knowledge and skills, and capability of developing the characters of the role that s/he performs. His/her superior competitive skills certainly become an icon for absorbing the audiens’ attention. Since the icon role lies on the audience, a star dancer needs to have such skills to motivate the life of the wayang orang group. As an agent, his/her acting skills have refl ected a totality of the actor’s artistry in his/her private life, i.e. to keep professional dancer’s quality stronger as a whole.The agent has as individudal and inttelectual integrity as a professional actor. The actor often seems to protect his charisma. S/he always tries to perform as many times as possible, so s/he does not need other new dancers to replace him/her. The reason is that the new dancers are considered as competitors who may replace his/her position and certainly his/her economic potentials as well. The spirit of wayang orang performance is the star dancer’s artistic quality expressing the symbols and artistic values needed by the audience. Key words: wayang orang, art management, star dancer.

  18. Orange essential oils antimicrobial activities against Salmonella spp.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Bryan, C A; Crandall, P G; Chalova, V I; Ricke, S C

    2008-08-01

    Seven citrus essential oils (EOs) were screened by disc diffusion assay for their antibacterial act against 11 serotypes/strains of Salmonella. The 3 most active oils were selected to determine the minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) against the same Salmonella. Orange terpenes, single-folded d-limonene, and orange essence terpenes all exhibited inhibitory activity against the Salmonella spp. on the disc diffusion assay. EOs were stabilized in broth by the addition of 0.15% (w/v) agar for performance of the MIC tests. Orange terpenes and d-limonene both had MICs of 1%. The most active compound, terpenes from orange essence, produced an MIC that ranged from 0.125% to 0.5% against the 11 Salmonella tested. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS) analysis revealed that this orange essence oil was composed principally of d-limonene, 94%, and myrcene at about 3%. EOs from citrus offer the potential for all natural antimicrobials for use in improving the safety of organic or all natural foods.

  19. Characterization of orange oil microcapsules for application in textiles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rossi, W.; Bonet-Aracil, M.; Bou-Belda, E.; Gisbert-Payá, J.; Wilson, K.; Roldo, L.

    2017-10-01

    The use of orange oil presents as an ecological alternative to chemicals, attracting the attention of the scientific community to the development of eco-friendly antimicrobials. The microencapsulation technology has been used for the application of orange oil to textiles, being an economically viable, fast and efficient method by combining core and shell materials, desirable perceptual and functional characteristics, responsible for properties related to the nature of the product and provides that the wall materials release the functional substances in a controlled manner, in addition to effectively protecting and isolating the core material from the external environment to prevent its volatilization and deterioration, increasing the stability of the oil, such as non-toxicity. Thus, to better exploit the properties of the orange essential oil applied to textile products this study presents a characterization of microcapsules of Melamine formaldehyde obtained by the interfacial polymerization method with variations of proportions of orange oil (volatile) with fixed oil Medium-Chain Triglycerides (MCT) (non-volatile) to assist in the stability of the orange essential oil. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) was used as visualizing tool to characterize microparticles and surface morphology and thermal characteristics of microcapsules were premeditated by mean Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC).

  20. Sharing Experience dan Resiliensi: Studi atas Facebook Group Orang Tua Anak Cerebral Palsy

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    Safrina Rofasita

    2017-06-01

    [Orang tua yang mendapati anaknya terfonis sebagai anak Cerebral Palsy mengalami kedukaan mendalam yang mengakibatkan ketidakpercayaan diri, dan putus asa. Hal itu diakibatkan ketahanan terhadap stres (resiliensi rendah, oleh karena itu orang tua mengikuti sharing experiences penyandang Cerebral Palsy melalui Facebook Group orang tua anak Cerebral Palsy. Penelitian ini bertujuan menjawab pertanyaan adakah pengaruh sharing experiences penyandang Cerebral Palsy terhadap resiliensi orang tua anak Cerebral Palsy yang terhimpun dalam Facebook Group Orang Tua Anak Cerebral Palsy. Penelitian menggunakan methode kombinasi antara kuantitatif dan kualitatif. Penelitian menemukan bahwa Facebook Group berpengaruh pada peningkatan resiliensi orang tua anak cerebal palcy karena mereka mendapatkan pengetahuan dan informasi tambahan dari forum itu.

  1. Stability of unpasteurized and refrigerated orange juice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Cristina Corrêa de Souza

    2004-07-01

    Full Text Available The stability of orange juice obtained from a small extractor and stored in a polyethylene bottle was assessed under isothermal and non-isothermal storage conditions at 4, 8 and 12ºC for 72 hours. pH, titratable acidity and Brix did not alter significantly during the 72 hours storage. Microbiological analysis showed high initial count for moulds and yeasts that increased in the juice stored for 72h under the non-isothermal conditions with temperature abuse (12��C/4h. Date of the sensory evaluation showed a small reduction in product acceptance in this condition. The juice, in the recommended validity period (48h, presented losses of less than 20% of the initial ascorbic acid content regardless of the treatment. However, after this time, the degradation became accentuated reaching, at 72h storage, retentions of 72 to 85%.Desenvolvimento microbiano, ação enzimática e reações químicas influenciam a qualidade de suco de laranja natural não-pasteurizado, podendo comprometer características sensoriais e provocar perdas nutricionais. A estabilidade do suco, obtido em extrator de pequeno porte e acondicionado em embalagem de polietileno, foi avaliada em condições isotérmicas e não-isotérmicas de armazenamento em temperaturas entre 4 e 12ºC por 72h. Valores de pH, acidez titulável e sólidos solúveis totais não se alteraram significativamente ao longo do armazenamento em todas as condições. Resultados da análise microbiológica mostraram alta contagem inicial de bolores e leveduras, que aumentaram no suco armazenado por 72h na condição não isotérmica onde houve abuso de temperatura (12ºC por 4h. Os testes sensoriais mostraram uma pequena redução na aceitação do produto nessa mesma condição. Constatou-se que o suco, no período preconizado como prazo de validade (48h, apresentou perdas inferiores a 20% do teor inicial de ácido ascórbico, independentemente do tratamento. A partir deste momento, a degradação se

  2. Bioavailability of β-cryptoxanthin is greater from pasteurized orange juice than from fresh oranges - a randomized cross-over study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aschoff, Julian K; Rolke, Christa L; Breusing, Nicolle; Bosy-Westphal, Anja; Högel, Josef; Carle, Reinhold; Schweiggert, Ralf M

    2015-10-01

    Orange fruits and products thereof represent important dietary sources of carotenoids, particularly β-cryptoxanthin. Since previous studies reported a positive effect of vegetable processing on carotenoid absorption, our objective was to compare the bioavailability of β-cryptoxanthin from either fresh navel oranges (Citrus sinensis L. Osbeck) or pasteurized orange juice. The study was designed as a randomized 2-way cross-over study. Twelve volunteers consumed two meals delivering 744 μg of β-cryptoxanthin from either fresh navel oranges or pasteurized orange juice. Eight blood samples were collected over 9.5 h after test meal consumption and analyzed using HPLC-DAD. Additionally, carotenoid bioaccessibility was assessed after in vitro digestion of the same test foods. β-cryptoxanthin bioavailability from pasteurized orange juice was 1.8-fold higher than from fresh oranges (P = 0.011). Similarly, mean absorption of the non-dose adjusted carotenoids lutein (P = 0.301), zeaxanthin (P = 0.216), and zeinoxanthin (P = 0.090) were slightly higher from orange juice, although not reaching statistical significance. The in vitro digestion revealed a 5.3-fold higher bioaccessibility of β-cryptoxanthin from orange juice. Dietary fiber contents in the test foods were inversely associated with carotenoid bioavailability. Orange juice represents a more bioavailable source of β-cryptoxanthin than fresh oranges. © 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  3. Heavy metals in navel orange orchards of Xinfeng County and their transfer from soils to navel oranges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheng, Jinjin; Ding, Changfeng; Li, Xiaogang; Zhang, Taolin; Wang, Xingxiang

    2015-12-01

    This study investigated heavy metal concentrations in soils and navel oranges of Xinfeng County, a well-known navel orange producing area of China. The results showed that the average concentrations of lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd), chromium (Cr), arsenic (As) and mercury (Hg) in orchard soils all increased compared to the regional background values, especially for Cd, which increased by 422%. When compared to the Chinese Environmental Quality Standard for soil (GB15618-1995), Pb, Cr and Hg concentrations in all orchard soil samples were below the limit standards, but Cd concentrations in 24 soil samples (21%) and As concentrations in 8 soil samples (7%) exceeded the limit standards. However, concentrations of all heavy metals in navel orange pulps were within the National Food Safety Standard of China (GB 2762-2012). Dietary risk assessment also showed that the exposure to these five heavy metals by consumption of navel oranges could hardly pose adverse health effects on adults and children. Since the range and degree of soil Cd pollution was widest and the most severe of all, Cd was taken as an example to reveal the transfer characteristics of heavy metals in soil-navel orange system. Cd concentrations in different organs of navel orange trees decreased in the following order: root>leaf>peel>pulp. That navel oranges planted in the Cd contaminated soils were within the national food safety standard was mainly due to the low transfer factor for Cd from soil to pulp (TFpulp). Further studies showed that TFpulp was significantly negatively correlated with soil pH, organic carbon (OC) and cation exchange capacity (CEC). Based on these soil properties, a prediction equation for TFpulp was established, which indicated that the risk for Cd concentration of navel orange pulp exceeding the national food limit is generally low, when soil Cd concentration is below 7.30 mg/kg. If appropriate actions are taken to increase soil pH, OC and CEC, Cd concentrations in navel orange pulps

  4. Prevalencias de exposición a riesgos laborales en trabajadoras embarazadas (proyecto INMA-Valencia Prevalence of exposure to occupational risks in pregnant Spanish workers (the INMA Project-Valencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Carmen González-Galarzo

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Describir las prevalencias de exposición declarada a riesgos laborales en mujeres embarazas y analizar su relación con características sociodemográficas y laborales a partir de la información recogida en la cohorte INMA-Valencia. Métodos: La cohorte INMA-Valencia se inicia en 2004 con 855 mujeres embarazadas residentes en la provincia de Valencia. En la semana 32 de gestación se recogió información, mediante entrevista personal con cuestionario estructurado, sobre características sociodemográficas (edad, nivel de estudios, país de nacimiento, condiciones de empleo (actividad, ocupación, tipo de contrato, tipo de jornada y exposición laboral autorreferida a carga física y riesgos psicosociales, físicos, químicos y biológicos, en las mujeres con un trabajo remunerado durante el embarazo (n=649. Resultados: Las prevalencias de exposición laboral declarada a carga física, riesgos psicosociales y riesgos físicos (incluyendo radiaciones no ionizantes fueron, respectivamente, del 56%, 63% y 62%. La prevalencia de exposición declarada a riesgos químicos (incluyendo productos de limpieza fue del 22%, y del 6% a los riesgos biológicos. En general, la exposición referida a riesgos laborales fue más frecuente en las mujeres más jóvenes, con nivel educativo bajo, no españolas y trabajadoras temporales y autónomas. Conclusiones: En este estudio se cuantifica por primera vez en España la prevalencia de exposición declarada a riesgos laborales en una muestra de base poblacional de mujeres embarazadas. Según los datos obtenidos parece necesario reforzar las medidas de vigilancia y control de estas exposiciones, algunas de ellas asociadas consistentemente con efectos negativos sobre la reproducción y el desarrollo.Objective: To describe the prevalence of exposure to occupational risks among pregnant women and analyze its relationship with personal and occupational characteristics using information collected in the

  5. Adsorption of remazol brilliant blue on an orange peel adsorbent

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    M. R. Mafra

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available A novel orange peel adsorbent developed from an agricultural waste material was characterised and utilised for the removal of Remazol Brilliant Blue from an artificial textile-dye effluent. The adsorption thermodynamics of this dye-adsorbent pair was studied in a series of equilibrium experiments. The time to reach equilibrium was 15 h for the concentration range of 30 mg L-1 to 250 mg L-1. The adsorption capacity decreased with increasing temperature, from 9.7 mg L-1 at 20 ºC to 5.0 mg L-1 at 60 ºC. Both the Langmuir and Freundlich isotherm models fitted the adsorption data quite reasonably. The thermodynamic analysis of dye adsorption onto the orange peel adsorbent indicated its endothermic and spontaneous nature. Thus, the application of orange peel adsorbent for the removal of dye from a synthetic textile effluent was successfully demonstrated.

  6. Oranges and Sunshine: The Story of a Traumatic Encounter

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    Dolores Herrero

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper will rely on some well-known theories on trauma, memory and ethics to study how Jim Loach’s debut film Oranges and Sunshine (2010 testifies to the traumatic deportation of up to 150,000 British children to distant parts of the Empire, mainly Australia, until 1970. Oranges and Sunshine was based on Margaret Humphreys’ moving memoir, originally entitled Empty Cradles (1994 but later re-titled Oranges and Sunshine after Loach’s film. What these two texts basically claim is the need to recover historic memory through heart-breaking acts of remembrance, which can alone denounce the atrocities that were concomitant with the colonial enterprise and pave the way for disclosing and working through individual and collective traumas.

  7. Semangat Islam Dalam Kebudayaan Orang Bugis-Makassar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abu Hamid

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Pembahasan masalah semangat dan etos sosial tidak terlepas dari jangkauan sistem budaya masyarakat. Sistem budaya adalah abstrak, tak dapat dilihat dan diraba, ia identik pada komunitas, berada di kepala dan sukma tiap orang dalam komunitas tersebut, terdiri atas konsep-konsep, gagasan ide-ide dan kepercayaan yang diterima setiap orang dari hasil perkembangan kebudayaannya. Sadar atau tidak sadar, manusia terpengaruh dan menerima berbagai warisan, ajaran, kepercayaan dan ideologi tertentu dan hasil kerja komunitasnya melalui internalisasi sejak ia lahir dari dalam rumah tangga serta pengeruh dari lingkungan hidupnya tempat manusia tersebut bertumbuh. Kalau tradisi budaya masyarakat telah diserapi oleh setiap orang, maka perilakunya hampir menjadi otomatis, tanpa disadari perilakunya itu sudah diterima secara sosial.

  8. Identification of sensory attributes that drive consumer liking of commercial orange juice products in Korea.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Mina K; Lee, Young-Jin; Kwak, Han Sub; Kang, Myung-woo

    2013-09-01

    Orange juice is a well-accepted fruit juice, and its consumption increases steadily. Many studies have been conducted to understand the sensory characteristics of orange juice throughout its varying processing steps. Sensory language and consumer likings of food can be influenced by culture. The objective of this study is to evaluate the sensory characteristics of commercially available orange juices in Korea and identify drivers of liking for orange juices in Korea. A quantitative descriptive analysis was conducted using a trained panel (n = 10) to evaluate 7 orange juice samples in triplicates, followed by consumer acceptance tests (n = 103). Univariate and multivariate statistical analyses were conducted for data analysis. The sensory characteristics of commercially available orange juice were documented and grouped: group 1 samples were characterized by high in natural citrus flavors such as orange peel, orange flesh, citrus fruit, and grape fruit, whereas group 2 samples were characterized by processed orange-like flavors such as over-ripe, cooked-orange, and yogurt. Regardless of orange flavor types, a high intensity of orange flavor in orange juice was identified as a driver of liking for orange juices in Korea. Three distinct clusters were segmented by varying sensory attributes that were evaluated by likes and dislikes. Overall, many similarities were noticed between Korean market segment and global orange juice market. By knowing the drivers of liking and understanding the distinct consumer clusters present in the Korean orange juice market, the orange juice industry could improve the strategic marketing of its products in Korea. © 2013 Institute of Food Technologists®

  9. Orange juice (poly)phenols are highly bioavailable in humans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pereira-Caro, Gema; Borges, Gina; van der Hooft, Justin; Clifford, Michael N; Del Rio, Daniele; Lean, Michael E J; Roberts, Susan A; Kellerhals, Michele B; Crozier, Alan

    2014-11-01

    We assessed the bioavailability of orange juice (poly)phenols by monitoring urinary flavanone metabolites and ring fission catabolites produced by the action of the colonic microbiota. Our objective was to identify and quantify metabolites and catabolites excreted in urine 0-24 h after the acute ingestion of a (poly)phenol-rich orange juice by 12 volunteers. Twelve volunteers [6 men and 6 women; body mass index (in kg/m(2)): 23.9-37.2] consumed a low (poly)phenol diet for 2 d before first drinking 250 mL pulp-enriched orange juice, which contained 584 μmol (poly)phenols of which 537 μmol were flavanones, and after a 2-wk washout, the procedure was repeated, and a placebo drink was consumed. Urine collected for a 24-h period was analyzed qualitatively and quantitatively by using high-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). A total of 14 metabolites were identified and quantified in urine by using HPLC-MS after orange juice intake. Hesperetin-O-glucuronides, naringenin-O-glucuronides, and hesperetin-3'-O-sulfate were the main metabolites. The overall urinary excretion of flavanone metabolites corresponded to 16% of the intake of 584 μmol (poly)phenols. The GC-MS analysis revealed that 8 urinary catabolites were also excreted in significantly higher quantities after orange juice consumption. These catabolites were 3-(3'-methoxy-4'-hydroxyphenyl)propionic acid, 3-(3'-hydroxy-4'-methoxyphenyl)propionic acid, 3-(3'-hydroxy-4'-methoxyphenyl)hydracrylic acid, 3-(3'-hydroxyphenyl)hydracrylic acid, 3'-methoxy-4'-hydroxyphenylacetic acid, hippuric acid, 3'-hydroxyhippuric acid, and 4'-hydroxyhippuric acid. These aromatic acids originated from the colonic microbiota-mediated breakdown of orange juice (poly)phenols and were excreted in amounts equivalent to 88% of (poly)phenol intake. When combined with the 16% excretion of metabolites, this percentage raised the overall urinary excretion to ∼ 100% of

  10. Paracoccus marcusii sp. nov., an orange gram-negative coccus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harker, M; Hirschberg, J; Oren, A

    1998-04-01

    Phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and 16S rDNA sequence analysis of an orange Gram-negative coccus that appeared as a contaminant on a nutrient agar plate delineated a new species of the genus Paracoccus. Phenotypic features of the strain that differ from all or most of the previously described Paracoccus species include its bright orange colour, caused by the synthesis of large amounts of carotenoids (mainly astaxanthin), and its inability to use nitrate as an electron acceptor in respiration. The name Paracoccus marcusii is proposed for this organism. The type strain is DSM 11574T.

  11. The Orang Asli of West Malaysia: An Update

    OpenAIRE

    Nagata, Shuichi; Dallos, Csilla

    2017-01-01

    In 1989, Geoffrey Benjamin published an overview of studies on the indigenous peoples of West Malaysia. Over a decade later, the feeling that a wide-ranging update might be useful has provided the stimulus for this note. Although many worthy reports on the Orang Asli have appeared since 1989, some of which we refer to here, we focus our attention mainly on the following new books: Semelai Communities at Tasek Bera: a Study of the Structure of an Orang Asli Society, by Hoe Ban Seng, edited by ...

  12. Debittering of Pontianak Orange Juice using Naringinase Enzyme

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Farid Salahudin

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available The goal of this research is debittering of orange juices with enzimatic process. Naringinase enzim is produced with Penicillium decumbens. The research metode is complete random design with two variabel. The first variabel is concentration of enzim : 0,0; 200; 400 ppm and the second variabel is time of incubation : 1, 2 and 3 hours. The product of this research is tested ascorbic acid, Total Plate Count and organoleptic test. The result showed concentration of naringinase enzim 400 ppm and incubation 3 hours can eliminated the after taste of orangge juice without reduce the ascorbic acid and colour of orange juice.

  13. Orange County Government Solar Demonstration and Research Facility

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Parker, Renee [Orange County Florida, Orlando, Florida (United States); Cunniff, Lori [Orange County Florida, Orlando, Florida (United States)

    2015-05-12

    Orange County Florida completed the construction of a 20 kilowatt Solar Demonstration and Research Facility in March 2015. The system was constructed at the Orange County/University of Florida Cooperative Extension Center whose electric service address is 6021 South Conway Road, Orlando, Florida 32802. The Solar Demonstration and Research Facility is comprised of 72 polycrystalline photovoltaic modules and 3 inverters which convert direct current from the solar panels to alternating current electricity. Each module produces 270 watts of direct current power, for a total canopy production of just under 20,000 watts. The solar modules were installed with a fixed tilt of 5 degrees and face south, toward the equator to maximize the amount of sunlight captures. Each year, the electricity generated by the solar array will help eliminate 20 metric tons of carbon dioxide emissions as well as provide covered parking for staff and visitors vehicles. The solar array is expected to generate 27,000 kilowatt hours of electricity annually equating to an estimated $266 savings in the monthly electric bill, or $3,180 annually for the Orange County/University of Florida Cooperative Extension Center. In addition to reducing the electric bill for the Extension Center, Orange County’s solar array also takes advantage of a rebate incentive offered by the local utility, Orlando Utility Commission, which provided a meter that measures the amount of power produced by the solar array. The local utility company’s Solar Photovoltaic Production Incentive will pay Orange County $0.05 per kilowatt hour for the power that is produced by the solar array. This incentive is provided in addition to Net Metering benefits, which is an effort to promote the use of clean, renewable energy on the electric grid. The Photovoltaic Solar Demonstration and Research Facility also serves an educational tool to the public; the solar array is tied directly into a data logger that provides real time power

  14. Use of solar energy to condition system the science library in University of Valencia; Empleo de energia solar en el sistema de climatizaciond e lal biblioteca de ciencias de la Universitat de Valencia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gomez-Amo, J. L.; Tena, F.; Martinez-Lozano, J. A.; Utrillas, M. P.

    2004-07-01

    This work represents a preliminary approach to the study of the possibilities of the renewable energy use for the air conditioning system installed in the Science Library of the University of Valencia. In the first part we will calculate the thermal necessities of the building and the feasibility of the installation of a solar photovoltaic system. We have considered two different solar systems in our study. One of them trying to generate the maximun solar energy possible taking into account space possibilities. The other is based on the electric energy delivery on electric company obtaining a considerable economical saving. (Author)

  15. Adiposidad corporal y bienestar psicológico: efectos de la actividad física en universitarios de Valencia, España Adiposity and psychological well-being: effects of physical activity on university students in Valencia, Spain

    OpenAIRE

    Isabel Castillo; Javier Molina-García

    2009-01-01

    OBJETIVO: Determinar mediante un modelo de ecuaciones estructurales la relación que existe entre la actividad física, la adiposidad corporal, la competencia física percibida y tres indicadores del bienestar psicológico en una muestra de estudiantes universitarios españoles. MÉTODOS: Estudio transversal descriptivo en 639 estudiantes de 18 a 29 años representativos de las universidades de Valencia, España, en el curso 2005-2006. La práctica de actividad física se evaluó mediante el inventario ...

  16. [Evaluation of school menu food balance in the Autonomous Community of Valencia (Spain) by means of a questionnaire].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Llorens-Ivorra, Cristóbal; Arroyo-Bañuls, Ilona; Quiles-Izquierdo, Joan; Richart-Martínez, Miguel

    2017-03-20

    To evaluate school menu food balance in the Autonomous Community of Valencia (Spain) by means of a questionnaire. Observational cross-section study. For convenience it shows of 255 monthly school menus (20 days each). size of the city the school is in, province, location (coast vs. inland), ownership (public vs. private), design of the menu (company vs. school) and month (May vs. October). The 17-item EQ-MEs questionnaire was used as a tool to measure balance. Differences in the balance of the menus and the average of monthly servings were compared, taking into account the different levels of the independent variables. The average of the balance index obtained was 9.19 points (range: 0-17). Approximately 78.4% of menus were designed by companies. Approximately 60.4% were classified as suitable and 0.8% as balanced. The menus designed by companies obtained a higher score (9.49) than those designed by schools (8.13). Menus in Castellón (10.35) achieved a higher score than those in Alicante (9.43) and Valencia (8.86). Only 3.1% of the studied menus met serving recommendations in terms of meat, 37.6% met pulses serving recommendations, 49.4% met fish serving recommendations and 37% met fruit serving recommendations. With the EQ-MEs questionnaire, most of the menus offered in the Autonomous Community of Valencia are suitable for children. To improve them, they should reduce fried potato, rice, pasta, meat, fried food and dairy product servings, while increasing pulses, fish, oily fish and fruit servings. Copyright © 2017 SESPAS. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  17. Hybrid white organic light-emitting devices based on phosphorescent iridium-benzotriazole orange-red and fluorescent blue emitters

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Xia, Zhen-Yuan, E-mail: xiazhenyuan@hotmail.com [Key Laboratory for Advanced Materials and Institute of Fine Chemicals, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai 200237 (China); Su, Jian-Hua [Key Laboratory for Advanced Materials and Institute of Fine Chemicals, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai 200237 (China); Chang, Chi-Sheng; Chen, Chin H. [Display Institute, Microelectronics and Information Systems Research Center, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu, Taiwan 300 (China)

    2013-03-15

    We demonstrate that high color purity or efficiency hybrid white organic light-emitting devices (OLEDs) can be generated by integrating a phosphorescent orange-red emitter, bis[4-(2H-benzotriazol-2-yl)-N,N-diphenyl-aniline-N{sup 1},C{sup 3}] iridium acetylacetonate, Ir(TBT){sub 2}(acac) with fluorescent blue emitters in two different emissive layers. The device based on deep blue fluorescent material diphenyl-[4-(2-[1,1 Prime ;4 Prime ,1 Double-Prime ]terphenyl-4-yl-vinyl)-phenyl]-amine BpSAB and Ir(TBT){sub 2}(acac) shows pure white color with the Commission Internationale de L'Eclairage (CIE) coordinates of (0.33,0.30). When using sky-blue fluorescent dopant N,N Prime -(4,4 Prime -(1E,1 Prime E)-2,2 Prime -(1,4-phenylene)bis(ethene-2,1-diyl) bis(4,1-phenylene))bis(2-ethyl-6-methyl-N-phenylaniline) (BUBD-1) and orange-red phosphor with a color-tuning phosphorescent material fac-tris(2-phenylpyridine) iridium (Ir(ppy){sub 3} ), it exhibits peak luminance yield and power efficiency of 17.4 cd/A and 10.7 lm/W, respectively with yellow-white color and CIE color rendering index (CRI) value of 73. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer An iridium-based orange-red phosphor Ir(TBT){sub 2}(acac) was applied in hybrid white OLEDs. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Duel- and tri-emitter WOLEDs were achieved with either high color purity or efficiency performance. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Peak luminance yield of tri-emitter WOLEDs was 17.4 cd/A with yellow-white color and color rendering index (CRI) value of 73.

  18. Preliminary assessment of moss flora in Mt. Nebo, Valencia City, Bukidnon Philippines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alven A. Manual

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Description and identification of the morphological characters of moss flora in Mt. Nebo, Valencia Bukidnon Philippines was conducted. Alpha taxonomy across the vicinity of Malingon Falls was employed. Diagnostic characteristics such as habitat, plant habit, leaf features (leaf arrangement, costa, base, apex, margin, cells, alar cells and sporophyte characters through microscopic examination were also conducted. Forty-two (42 species, twenty eight (28 genera and sixteen (16 families of moss in Mt.Nebo were recorded. Of these, family Hypnaceae is the most species-rich among the sixteen families with six (6 species namely: Ectropothecium buitenzorgii (Bel. Mitt., E. ferrugineum (C. Mull. Jaeg., E. striatulum Dix. ex Bartr., Isopterygium minutirameum (C. Mull. Jaeg., Isopterygium sp. and Trachythecium micropyxis (Broth. Bartr. Family Neckeraceae followed next with five (5 species collected: Himantocladium plumula (Nees Fleisch., Homaliodendron microdendron (Mont. Fleisch., Neckeropis gracilenta (Bosch & Lac. Fleisch., Neckeropis lepineana (Mont. Fleisch. and Pinatella ambigua (Bosch & Lac. Fleisch. Family Entodontaceae revealed four (4 species of mosses: Campylodontium flavescens (Hook. Bosch & Lac., Entodon bandongiae (C.Mull. Jaeg, Entodon sp., Erythrodontium julaceum (Schwaegr. Par.. Family Fissidentaceae, Leucobryaceae and Pottiaceae revealed three (3 species and two (2 species for the family Bartramiaceae, Meteoriaceae, Polytrichaceae, Pterobryaceae, Sematophyllaceae and Thuidiaceae. Family Mniaceae, Orthotrichaceae, Phylloginiaceae and Racopilaceae are families with only one (1 species. Fifty percent (50% of the moss species collected were confined in tree trunk, twenty-four percent (24% were confined in moist rock respectively. The least habitat preferences were observed hanging (epiphytic to different substrate comprising five (5% of the total species collected in the area.

  19. Multicenter case-control study of risk factors for cutaneous melanoma in Valencia, Spain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ballester, I; Oliver, V; Bañuls, J; Moragón, M; Valcuende, F; Botella-Estrada, R; Nagore, E

    2012-11-01

    It is important to identify subgroups within the general population that have an elevated risk of developing cutaneous melanoma because preventive and early-detection measures are useful in this setting. The findings of most studies that have evaluated risk factors for cutaneous melanoma are of limited application in Spain because the populations studied have different pigmentary traits and are subject to different environmental factors. To identify the phenotypic characteristics and amount of exposure to sunlight that constitute risk factors for cutaneous melanoma in the population of the Autonomous Community of Valencia, Spain. We performed a multicenter observational case-control study. In total, the study included 242 patients with melanoma undergoing treatment in 5 hospitals and 173 controls enrolled from among the companions of the patients between January 2007 and June 2008. The information was collected by means of a standardized, validated questionnaire. The odds ratio (OR) was calculated for each variable and adjusted using a multiple logistic regression model. The risk factors found to be statistically significant were skin phototypes I and II, blond or red hair, light eye color, abundant melanocytic nevi, and a personal history of actinic keratosis or nonmelanoma skin cancer. After the multivariate analysis, only blond or red hair (OR=1.9), multiple melanocytic nevi (OR=3.1), skin phototypes i and ii (OR=2.1), and a personal history of actinic keratosis (OR=3.5) or nonmelanoma skin cancer (OR=8.1) maintained significance in the model as independent predictive variables for melanoma. Our study supports the importance of certain factors that indicate genetic predisposition (hair color and skin phototype) and environmental factors associated with exposure to sunlight. Patients with multiple acquired melanocytic nevi and patients with markers of chronic skin sun damage (actinic keratosis and nonmelanoma cancer) presented a significant increase in risk

  20. Caries prevalence in children from Valencia (Spain) using ICDAS II criteria, 2010.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Almerich-Silla, José-Manuel; Boronat-Ferrer, Teresa; Montiel-Company, José-María; Iranzo-Cortés, José-Enrique

    2014-11-01

    To assess the oral health status of the child population and its evolution over the 2004-2010 period. A descriptive cross-sectional study of the entire schoolchild population of the Valencia region of Spain was conducted using cluster sampling. Seventy schools were selected. The sample size was 1373 pupils, aged 6, 12 and 15 years. The children were examined in November and December 2010, at their schools, by 6 examiners calibrated in the ICDAS II method. The descriptive statistics, comparison of means and comparison of proportions (p0) was 30% in primary dentition at 6 years and 37.7% and 43.6% in permanent dentition at 12 and 15 years respectively. At 6, 12 and 15 years, the df.t/DMF. TICDASII 4-6 scores were 0.98, 0.83 and 1.08, the df.s/DMF.SICDASII 4-6 scores were 1.43, 1.27 and 1.64 and the care index results were 14.3%, 59% and 71.3% respectively. Both the caries indices (df.t at 6 years and DMF.T at 12 and 15) and caries prevalence have improved, as the values obtained were lower than in 2004. Using the comparison at 95% CI, between both years, the improvement was only noticeable in the 15 year-old group. The care index continued to be low at 6 years of age but higher values than in 2004 were found at 12 and 15 years. Social class continued to influence the child caries indicators.

  1. Effectiveness of rotavirus vaccines, licensed but not funded, against rotavirus hospitalizations in the Valencia Region, Spain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pérez-Vilar, Silvia; Díez-Domingo, Javier; López-Lacort, Mónica; Martínez-Úbeda, Sergio; Martinez-Beneito, Miguel A

    2015-02-25

    Although rotavirus vaccines have been licensed in Spain for over 8 years, they are not funded by its public health systems. The analysis of their effectiveness in the Valencia Region could better inform decisions about potential inclusion in the official immunization schedule. Our aim was to assess the effectiveness of Rotarix® (RV1) and RotaTeq® (RV5) against rotavirus hospitalizations. We conducted a retrospective cohort study using the region's health care databases, among resident children aged Health System, during January 2007-June 2012. We compared two cohorts of vaccinated children: the first included children who received at least one dose of a rotavirus vaccine, and the second included children who were not vaccinated with rotavirus vaccines but received at least one dose of a pneumococcal vaccine, another licensed but non-funded vaccine. The main outcome was rotavirus hospitalization, either laboratory-confirmed (confirmed) or codified as rotavirus (probable). Rotavirus vaccine effectiveness (RVE) by vaccine brand was assessed using Cox proportional hazards models. The study included 78,281 rotavirus and 96,643 pneumococcal vaccinees. Adjusted RVE against probable or confirmed rotavirus hospitalizations was 86% (95% CI: 78-91%) and 88% (95% CI: 81-92%) for a complete series of RV1 and RV5 respectively. Both rotavirus vaccines were over 85% effective against rotavirus hospitalization among young children. The high effectiveness shown argues in favor of their inclusion in the official schedule. Additional information on rotavirus vaccine safety, duration of protection, and benefit-risk will also be needed to inform such deliberations.

  2. Crisis y reestructuración en el Área Metropolitana de Valencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julia Salom-Carrasco

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available En el presente artículo presentamos los resultados de un análisis de la estructura socioeconómica del Área Metropolitana de Valencia en 2011 que, en comparación a la existente en 2001, permite apreciar las tendencias recientes de reestructuración territorial. A continuación, se utiliza la tipología territorial hallada como patrón para el análisis de la dinámica reciente de la inversión industrial, una de las variables económicas que ha jugado un papel más importante en la formación del área metropolitana, y que desde distintas instancias viene siendo señalada como un factor estratégico de la recuperación económica. El análisis realizado muestra que, tanto en relación con la actividad industrial como con respecto a otras variables socioeconómicas, se está produciendo una diferenciación territorial de carácter funcional cada vez más marcada, que presenta también rasgos de segregación socioeconómica. En el ámbito industrial, la recuperación de las inversiones en los años 2011-2013 presenta rasgos de una notable polarización y concentración tanto espacial como sectorial y empresarial, lo que condiciona tanto las posibilidades de recuperación económica como el modelo territorial futuro del espacio metropolitano.

  3. [Epidemiology of Imperfect Osteogenesis: a Rare Disease in the Valencia Region.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gimeno-Martos, Silvia; Pérez-Riera, Carlos; Guardiola-Vilarroig, Sandra; Cavero-Carbonell, Clara

    2017-11-28

    Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a rare connective tissue and bone disease that results in a bone fragility of varying severity. The objective was to determine and describe the OI in the Valencia Region (VR) during the period 2004 to 2014. From the Rare Diseases Information System of the VR (SIER-CV) patients from 2004 to 2014 with the codes of the International Classification of Diseases for the OI were identified: 756.51 from the 9th Revision-Clinical Modification and Q78.0 from the 10th Revision. The information was validated by reviewing clinical documentation (mainly electronic health records) and a descriptive analysis of the confirmed cases (diagnosis of OI in the clinical documentation) was performed. 162 patients were identified with a code for OI. 145 of the 161 patients with available clinical documentation were confirmed as cases. The prevalence was 0.29 per 10.000 inhabitants. 93.1% were Spanish, 54.5% were women and they were treated in 25 different hospitals in the VR. The type of OI was known in the 26.4% of the cases and type I was the most common (9.7%). 6.2% of the patients died with an average death age of 60.8 years. 44.8% of patients received treatment with bisphosphonates and 10.4% had affected relatives. The real situation of the OI in the VR has been established, which will allow a better planning in the health actions to improve the quality of life of the affected ones and their families.

  4. Time spent watching television, sleep duration and obesity in adults living in Valencia, Spain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vioque, J; Torres, A; Quiles, J

    2000-12-01

    To analyse the association of time watching television (TV) and physical activity with obesity in the Mediterranean area of Spain with the highest prevalence of obesity. Cross-sectional study. Valencia Region in Spain. A representative sample of 814 men and 958 women, aged 15 y and older, participating in a Health and Nutrition Survey conducted in 1994. Height and weight were directly measured during home interviews. The outcome measure was obesity, defined as a body mass index > or = 30 kg/m2. Covariates were self-reported hours of TV viewing, physical activity habits, sleeping duration, age, gender, educational level, smoking and marital status. Prevalence odds ratios (POR) estimated by logistic regression were used as effect measures. Obese people reported to spend more time watching TV (mean +/- s.d.: 3.6 +/- 1.5 h/day) than non-obese ones (3.0 +/- 1.4 h/day), and less sleeping time. In multivariate analysis, obesity was associated with TV viewing, sleeping time and physical activity at work. People watching TV > 4 h/day showed a higher adjusted prevalence odds ratio of obesity, POR = 2.38 (95% confidence interval, 1.54-3. 69), compared with those watching TV or = 9 h/day presented a lower POR of obesity than those sleeping obesity was 30% higher for each hour of increased TV viewing and 24% lower for each additional hour of sleeping time. In addition, the prevalence of obesity was lowest among single people, those more physically active at work, and those with a high educational level. Time spent watching television and a low physical activity at work were related to obesity in adults. The inverse association between obesity and sleep duration deserves further research.

  5. La Biblioteca General de la Diputación de Valencia: evolución histórica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reig Ferrer, Ana María

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available La Diputación de Valencia, a lo largo de su historia, creó instituciones que potenciaron la cultura valenciana, además de apoyar y promocionar el libro valenciano, consciente de su papel como impulsora y difusora de su identidad local. La Biblioteca Provincial, creada en 1926, pretendió ser un espacio de difusión cultural, pero la falta de un espacio propio y la diversificación de proyectos impidieron que pudiera ser el germen de la futura biblioteca nacional valenciana.

  6. Chronicles of rice, mosquitoes and malaria in Spain: the case of the province of Valencia (18th-20th centuries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rubén Bueno Marí

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available This study analyzes the situation of the rice fields in the Valencia province (Eastern Spain during the centuries XVIII-XX. This area, together with the region of Campo Arañuelo (Western Spain, is one of the territories with highest malaria prevalence during the Spain's Modern History. Medical, demographic, social, economic and legal issues related with the problematic of the rice during this epoch are also discussed. Furthermore, this article provides information about the supposed transmission mechanisms of the disease, as well as the fight against it through chemotherapeutic and environmental sanitation techniques.

  7. Rehabilitación de la Imprenta Vila: centro cultural y espacio de conciertos "La Imprenta" - Valencia

    OpenAIRE

    TORRE SÁNCHEZ, RUBÉN DE LA

    2014-01-01

    El siguiente TFG trata sobre el acondicionamiento acústico del espacio conocido como la Imprenta Vila, situado en el centro de Valencia detrás de la calle San Vicente. Creado en 1908, tiene una gran importancia patrimonial e histórica. En el espacio se encuentran un edificio de viviendas para trabajadores y una gran nave industrial. En este proyecto se desarrolla el estudio del acondicionamiento acústico de la nave industrial para convertirla en espacio de conciertos y para la creación de esp...

  8. Un estudio sobre los jóvenes de Valencia : una nueva aproximación sociológica

    OpenAIRE

    Beltrán Llavador, José; Esteban, Fernando Osvaldo; Gabaldón Estevan, Daniel; Bernad i Garcia, Joan Carles; Martínez Morales, Ignacio; Pecourt, Juan; Colom i Ortiz, Ferran; Villar Aguilés, Alícia

    2012-01-01

    Este trabajo se enmarca dentro de las políticas locales de juventud y pretende proporcionar algunos indicadores –en el sentido de indicios, de claves de comprensión– para las acciones que se inicien en el próximo Plan de Juventud de la ciudad de Valencia. La estructura del estudio responde básicamente al esquema organizativo planteado por el propio Plan Municipal de Juventud 2009-2012 en sus diferentes áreas y subáreas, pero adaptado a la nueva y reciente estructura con las que se quiere abor...

  9. Analysis of the authors' rights collection frontier using PCA-MDEA: an application to the valencia region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Marco-Serrano

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to estimate the authors' rights collection frontier within the collection zones into which the Valencia Region (Spain has been divided. To be more exact, a nonparametric frontier technique (Modified Data Envelopment Analysis, MDEA and the Principal Components Analysis (PCA are jointly employed to map out an initial approach to the potential authors' rights collection within this region (as divided into collection zones. The analysis has been carried out both jointly and by majority sectors (performing, musical, and audio-visual arts.

  10. [Epidemiological study of the clinical forms of tuberculosis at the La Fe Children's Hospital of Valencia (1986-1989)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morales, M M; Llopis, A; Sanz, S A; Asensi, F

    1991-10-01

    We analyze, in a retrospective review, the clinical presentation of tuberculosis among 226 pediatric patients admitted to the Hospital Infantil La Fe of Valencia (Spain) during the years 1986-1989. We observed the persistence of severe forms of tuberculosis, such as miliary tuberculosis and tuberculous meningitis. Also, cases of extra-pulmonary tuberculosis seldom encountered nowadays like bone and joint, intestinal and lymph node infection were recorded. In view of the current status of pediatric tuberculosis, new recommendations should be developed, because this infection could potentially be eradicated if adequate treatment and prophylactic guidelines are followed.

  11. Algunos criterios para la predicción de las situaciones PREVIMET en el G.P.V. de Valencia

    OpenAIRE

    Alcover Ronda, Víctor; Tamayo, Jorge; Palacios, Miguel

    1996-01-01

    Ponencia presentada en: III Simposio Nacional de Predicción del Instituto Nacional de Meteorología, celebrado en 1996 en Madrid El objetivo de esta guía Iza sido establecer unos criterios mínimos para distinguir situaciones con potencialidad para dar precipitaciones muy importantes en el ámbito del GPV de Valencia de aquellas que no la tienen. Para ello, se han revisado situaciones con precipitaciones en la Comunidad Valenciana de más de 100 l/m2 desde el año 1968, con especial atención a ...

  12. EVALUACIÓN EMOCIONAL PROTOTÍPICA DE MÚSICA DE VALENCIA AFECTIVA POSITIVA Y NEGATIVA

    OpenAIRE

    Emanuel Blanca; Sofía Quesada; Thomas Castelain; Vanessa Smith-Castro; Rolando Pérez Sánchez

    2014-01-01

    Esta investigación estudió las asociaciones implícitas entre prototipos de emociones y música de valencia afectiva positiva (música alegre, tempo rápido) y negativa (música triste, tempo lento). Para ello se recurrió a una versión modificada del Test de As ociaciones Implícitas, el cual se aplicó a 59 estudiantes universitarios, entre los 18 y los 23 años, (56 % mujeres). Los resultados mostraron que los participantes categorizaron más rápidamente adjetivos vinculados con afectos de alegría o...

  13. Movimientos sociales y uso de Internet en la ciudad de Valencia. Análisis de casos

    OpenAIRE

    Herráez Císcar, Maria Luisa

    2011-01-01

    Investigación sobre los movimientos sociales de la ciudad de Valencia y sobre el uso que estos movimientos dan las nuevas herramientas de comunicación que la tecnología pone a su alcance. Valoración y análisis de casos en los cuales se ejemplifica cómo Internet y las redes sociales contribuyen a una cultura más participativa. Investigació sobre els moviments socials de la ciutat de València i sobre l'ús que aquests moviments donen les noves eines de comunicació que la tecnologia posa al s...

  14. Reconstrucción paleoambiental de la Albufera de Valencia durante el holoceno a partir de biomarcadores

    OpenAIRE

    Rivera Cornelio, Rosa Abnelia

    2017-01-01

    Se estudiaron los compuestos orgánicos de dos testigos de sondeo continuo perforados en el Parque Natural de La Albufera de Valencia. Para reconstruir las condiciones paleoambientales durante el Holoceno. Se seleccionaron 69 muestras para el análisis de biomarcadores y 25 muestras para la realización de la datación por racemización de aminoácidos a partir de ostrácodos. Las dataciones revelaron que el registro cubre los últimos 6500 años aproximadamente con un hiato significativo entre 4300-...

  15. Análisis geomorfológico de abanicos aluviales y procesos de desbordamiento en el litoral de Valencia

    OpenAIRE

    Carmona González, Pilar

    1995-01-01

    Se estudian formas y procesos de desbordamiento en pequeños abanicos aluviales en la llanura litoral de Valencia (Mediterráneo). Los abanicos presentan diferentes morfologías en algunos casos se trata de conos progradantes y en otros dos conos superpuestos o solapados; los diferentes niveles pueden corresponder a niveles morfogenéticos cuaternarios pleistocenos y holocenos. Los canales desbordan frecuentemente en el tránsito del cono pleistoceno al holoceno, la evacuación de las crecidas está...

  16. Dampak Jim Crow Laws Terhadap Orang-orang Kulit Hitam Yang Digambarkan Dalam Novel the Help Karya Kathryn Stockett

    OpenAIRE

    Wonua, Indah Dewi Sartika

    2015-01-01

    This skripsi which is entitled “Dampak Jim Crow Laws Terhadap Orang-Orang Kulit Hitam yang Digambarkan dalam Novel The Help Karya Kathryn Stockett” is a study about the social life of American People in 1960 through the characters in the novel. There are two questions to be answered in this research: Howis Jim Crow Laws reflected in the novel andwhat is the effect of the laws to black people. The aims of this research are to analyze the reflection of the Jim Crow Laws in the novel, and to an...

  17. Molecular characterization and transcriptome analysis of orange head Chinese cabbage (brassica rapa L. ssp.pekinensis)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Orange head leaves are a desirable quality trait for Chinese cabbage. Our previous fine mapping identified BrCRTISO as the Br-or candidate gene for the orange Chinese cabbage mutant. Here we examined the BrCRTISO gene from white and orange head Chinese cabbage. While BrCRTISO from the white control ...

  18. Investigation of corrosion effect of mild steel on orange juice | Oladel ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper aims to investigate the corrosion effect of mild steel in orange juice using a weight loss technique. Test specimens with known weights were immersed in the test media (orange juice with preservatives, natural orange juice and water) for a total exposure time of 10 days. Weight loss was measured at two day ...

  19. 7 CFR 319.56-44 - Untreated grapefruit, sweet oranges, and tangerines from Mexico for processing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Untreated grapefruit, sweet oranges, and tangerines... QUARANTINE NOTICES Fruits and Vegetables § 319.56-44 Untreated grapefruit, sweet oranges, and tangerines from Mexico for processing. Untreated grapefruit (Citrus paradisi), sweet oranges (Citrus sinensis), and...

  20. Literacy and Development for the Orang Asli in Malaysia: What Matters?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Renganathan, Sumathi

    2016-01-01

    This article explores the literacy practices of the indigenous Semai Orang Asli community in Malaysia. Literacy for the Orang Asli often centres on formal education and schooling and is hardly explored from a social and cultural perspective. In fact, researchers have paid barely any attention to Orang Asli oral and literate traditions nor their…

  1. 77 FR 30504 - Certain Orange Juice From Brazil: Notice of Rescission of Antidumping Duty Administrative Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-23

    ... International Trade Administration Certain Orange Juice From Brazil: Notice of Rescission of Antidumping Duty... orange juice (OJ) from Brazil for a period of review (POR) of March 1, 2011, through February 29, 2012.\\1....\\2\\ \\2\\ See Revocation of Antidumping Duty Order: Certain Orange Juice From Brazil, 77 FR 23659 (Apr...

  2. 21 CFR 146.148 - Reduced acid frozen concentrated orange juice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Reduced acid frozen concentrated orange juice. 146... Canned Fruit Juices and Beverages § 146.148 Reduced acid frozen concentrated orange juice. (a) Reduced acid frozen concentrated orange juice is the food that complies with the requirements for composition...

  3. Bio-Diesel Production from Oil of Orange ( Citrus Sinensis ) Peels as ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Although, in Nigeria orange peels are considered as a waste, this study is intended to convert the waste into wealth by establishing the production of biodiesel with oil obtained from orange peels; using transeterification process. Oil from sun-dried/ ground orange peels were extractedusing n-hexane. Transesterification ...

  4. Female guppies use orange as a mate choice cue: a manipulative test

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    impaired the female's ability to use orange elements of male colour patterns by conducting choice trials under orange light. Under orange light, there was no relationship between male colour pattern and female sexual ... were used because behavioural measures could not be trans- fonned to normality. We examined the ...

  5. Educating the Orang Asli Children: Exploring Indigenous Children's Practices and Experiences in Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Renganathan, Sumathi

    2016-01-01

    The author is concerned with the education available for the Orang Asli, an indigenous minority community in Malaysia. Literature written about Orang Asli and education mostly assumes a deficit perspective where the lack of educational achievement among the Orang Asli children is often attributed to their culture and community. Therefore, rather…

  6. Development of acoustic techniques for assessment of orange ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The acoustic estimates indicate a substantial decline in orange roughy biomass in all three QMAs since 1997, in accord with indices from contemporaneous swept-area surveys and the catch rate of the commercial fleet. Acoustic estimates have already been used extensively to manage the resource and are likely to remain ...

  7. The value of the spineless monkey orange tree ( Strychnos ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... interventions to maintain or improve habitat quality for these lemurs. During an extensive survey of sportive lemurs in northern Madagascar, we identified one tree species, Strychnos madagascariensis (Loganiaceae), the spineless monkey orange tree, as a principal sleeping site of two species of northern sportive lemurs, ...

  8. Orange maize in Zambia: crop development and delivery experience

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Orange maize in Zambia: crop development and delivery experience. ... African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development ... of concept, that vitamin A maize varieties can be developed without compromising yield levels and that these varieties can deliver sufficient quantities of vitamin A to improve nutrition.

  9. Removal of some metal ions from aqueous solution using orange ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    STORAGESEVER

    2008-09-03

    Sep 3, 2008 ... 81% of Zn2+, 71% of Cu2+, 73% of Pb2+, and 85.05% of Cd2+. In the case of modified orange mesocarp residue, it was able to bind the ... exchange properties of these agricultural wastes can be attributed to the presence of .... activated charcoal derived from coconut shell. J. Environ. Agric. Food. Chem.

  10. Biodegradation of agro-industrial orange waste under solid state ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... agro-industrial orange peel and pulp wastes under solid state fermentation and natural environmental condition as a source of enzymes production [α & β amylase, cellulase, pectinase(s), lipase(s), esterase(s) and peroxidase(s)] the physiological enzymes of lysis and total protein. Different microorganisms such as fungi, ...

  11. Ergonomic evaluation of subjects involved in orange ( Citrus sinensis )

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ergonomic evaluation of subjects involved in orange handling operation in Kano State was conducted. Anthropometric parameters were evaluated, where they were found to vary with age amongst the subjects selected. 20th and 80th percentiles of the dimensions were computed and recommended for usage in design of ...

  12. Comparative efficacy of sweet orange, Citrus sinensis (l) rind ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Sweet orange, Citrus sinensis((L.) rind powder and oil were evaluated for the control of maize weevil, Sitophilus zeamais(Mot.) under ambient laboratory conditions (28 ± 2o C and 75 ± 20% R.H.). Experiments consisted of exposing adult S. zeamais to both the powder and oil for 42 days. Mortality counts were taken from the ...

  13. A review of orange roughy Hoplostethus atlanticus fisheries ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... catch rate until a survey series has been established. Keywords: age determination, aggregations, assessment, biology, diet, distribution, fisheries, genetics, habitat, Hoplostethus atlanticus, lipids, Namibia, orange roughy, reproduction, review, stock structure, surveys. African Journal of Marine Science 2001, 23: 181–203 ...

  14. The preservative potentials of sweet orange seed oil on leather ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    PRECIOUS

    2010-02-01

    Feb 1, 2010 ... The preservative potentials of sweet orange seed oil on leather products in Nigeria. Akpomie, Olubunmi Olufunmi. Department of Microbiology, Delta Sate ... countries due to increasing health and environment regulations and restrictions. Some of these chemicals when used in excess become recalcitrant ...

  15. Farmers' willingness to pay for quality orange fleshed sweetpotato ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The special nutrition need by people have shifted their focus to the adoption of Orange Flesh Sweet Potato for cumption due to its high content of Vitamin A. Sweetpotato which is one of the most important but underutilized food crops in the world have now attracted concerted efforts globally to in the past decade to feed the ...

  16. Health benefits of orange juice and citrus flavonoids

    Science.gov (United States)

    The main flavonoids found in orange juice are hesperidin and naringenin, which can affect several metabolic routes that improve blood serum antioxidant capacity and anti-inflammatory performance, while decreasing insulin resistance protecting against diabetes and metabolic syndrome. In addition, or...

  17. Comparative study of peroxidase purification from apple and orange ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper reports the isolation and purification of peroxidase from low cost material; moreover, no significant work has been done on the isolation and purification of peroxidase from such cost effective sources (apple and orange seeds). Peroxidases had attracted considerable interest in recent years because of their ...

  18. The Chemical and Educational Appeal of the Orange Juice Clock.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelter, Paul B.; And Others

    1996-01-01

    Describes the recent history, chemistry, and educational uses of the Orange Juice Clock demonstration in which a galvanic cell is made from the combination of a magnesium strip, a copper strip, and juice in a beaker. Discusses the chemistry basics, extensions for more advanced students, questions for student/teacher workshop participants, and…

  19. HLB effects on the flavor of orange juice

    Science.gov (United States)

    The citrus greening disease or Huanglongbing (HLB) disease has been reported to affect orange fruit and juice flavor, but until now was never well documented. Sensory and chemical flavor studies were conducted to compare juice from fruit harvested from healthy trees to juice from asymptomatic and sy...

  20. Decoding the Nonvolatile Sensometabolome of Orange Juice ( Citrus sinensis).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glabasnia, Anneke; Dunkel, Andreas; Frank, Oliver; Hofmann, Thomas

    2018-03-14

    Activity-guided fractionation in combination with the taste dilution analysis, followed by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry and nuclear magnetic resonance experiments, led to the identification of 10 polymethoxylated flavones (PMFs), 6 limonoid glucosides, and 2 limonoid aglycones as the key bitterns of orange juice. Quantitative studies and calculation of dose-over-threshold factors, followed by taste re-engineering, demonstrated for the first time 25 sensometabolites to be sufficient to reconstruct the typical taste profile of orange juices and indicated that not a single compound can be considered a suitable marker for juice bitterness. Intriguingly, the taste percept of orange juice seems to be created by a rather complex interplay of limonin, limonoid glucosides, PMFs, organic acids, and sugars. For the first time, sub-threshold concentrations of PMFs were shown to enhance the perceived bitterness of limonoids. Moreover, the influence of sugars on the perceived bitterness of limonoids and PMFs in orange juice relevant concentration ranges was quantitatively elucidated.

  1. Evaluation of sweet orange peel aqueous extract ( citrus sinensis ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The toxic effect of sweet orange peel (Citrus sinensis) was compared with that of carbofuran, a synthetic nematicide, for the suppression of soil and root population of root-knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita on tomato. Field and laboratory experiments were conducted in year 2002 and repeated in the same period in year ...

  2. Insecticidal efficacy of Lambdacyhalothrin, cyfluthrin, orange peel oil ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The mortality effects of lambdacyhalothrin, cyfluthrin, orange peel oil and Platostoma sp. leaves extracts on adult Anopheles mosquitoes were compared in the laboratory at room temperature of 30± 2oC. Thirty adult Anopheles mosquitoes of age 2-4 days were exposed to the four formulations at concentrations ranging from ...

  3. Two Lesser Dystopias: "We" and "A Clockwork Orange."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barnsley, John H.

    1984-01-01

    Both the Russian novel "We" and the Anthony Burgess novel "A Clockwork Orange" offer frightening glimpses of a future society. But the contrast between these visions is striking. "We" is concerned with the misuse of technology, Burgess's book with the misuse of psychology. Both warn about the misuse of state power.…

  4. Dystonia not dystopia: effects of the legal high, 'Clockwork Orange'.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mackey, Helen Elizabeth; Hawksley, Oliver

    2015-12-10

    A 27-year-old man presented to hospital after smoking a legal high named 'Clockwork Orange'. He suffered dystonia, acute kidney injury, rhabdomyolysis, lactic acidosis and a troponin rise. He was treated with procyclidine and intravenous fluids. 2015 BMJ Publishing Group Ltd.

  5. ‘JAFFA’ SWEET ORANGE PLANTS GRAFTED ONTO FIVE ROOTSTOCKS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ELÍDIO LILIANO CARLOS BACAR

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Low genetic diversity of citrus scion and rootstock cultivars makes the crop more vulnerable to diseases and pests. The objective of this study was to evaluate the performance of ‘Jaffa’ sweet orange grafted onto five rootstocks over six harvests in subtropical conditions in the north of Paraná state, Brazil. The experiment used a randomized block design, with six replications and two trees per plot, spaced at 7.0 m x 4.0 m. The rootstocks were: ‘Rangpur’ lime, ‘Cleopatra’ and ‘Sunki’ mandarins, ‘Fepagro C-13’ citrange, and ‘Swingle’ citrumelo. The variables evaluated were vigor, yield, and yield efficiency of the trees as well as the physical and chemical characteristics of the fruits. Data were subjected to analysis of variance, complemented by Scott-Knott test at 5% probability. The smallest tree canopy for ‘Jaffa’ sweet orange plants was induced by the ‘Rangpur’ lime rootstock. The trees had the same cumulative yield performance over six seasons for all rootstocks. The best yield efficiency for ‘Jaffa’ sweet orange trees was provided by ‘Fepagro C-13’ citrange rootstock. With regard to fruit quality, no differences were observed among the rootstocks and the ‘Jaffa’ sweet orange fruits met the standards required by the fresh fruit market and the fruit processing industry.

  6. 77 FR 22343 - Certain Orange Juice From Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-13

    ... Brazil Determination On the basis of the record \\1\\ developed in the subject five-year review, the United... from Brazil would not be likely to lead to continuation or recurrence of material injury to an industry... Publication 4311 (April 2012), entitled Certain Orange Juice from Brazil: Investigation No. 731-TA-1089...

  7. Introducing orange sweet potato: tracing the evolution of evidence ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The introduction of orange sweet potato (OSP), rich in vitamin A, can have important and lasting impacts on reducing vitamin A deficiency among smallholder farmers in the developing world. In this paper, we describe the evolution of evidence about the effectiveness of disseminating OSP to smallholder farmers on vitamin A ...

  8. The orange roughy Hoplostethus atlanticus is a long- lived, slow ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    denise

    The orange roughy Hoplostethus atlanticus is a long- lived, slow-growing trachichthyid fish, that has a world- wide distribution at depths of 500–1 500 m. There are major stocks off New Zealand and smaller stocks south- east of Australia, along the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, on the. Namibian shelf and in the southern Indian Ocean.

  9. A magnetic-lens - mini-orange coincidence spectrometer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bargholtz, C.; Holmberg, L.; Ruus, N.; Tegner, P.E.; Weiss, G.

    1997-04-01

    A coincidence spectrometer consisting of a Gerholm type magnetic lens and a permanent magnet mini-orange spectrometer is described. Electron-electron or electron-positron coincidences may be registered in various angular settings. The spectrometer has been developed mainly to search for anomalous contributions to Bhabha scattering or positrons and is at present used for such studies. 6 refs

  10. Optimization of extraction of microcrystalline cellulose from orange ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This study investigated the optimum processing conditions for obtaining the maximum yield of microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) powder from orange peel waste (OPW) by use of response surface methodology (RSM). Central composite design (CCD) was used to evaluate the optimum process conditions for producing MCC ...

  11. Dropout Prevention Initiatives for Malaysian Indigenous Orang Asli Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nor, Sharifah Md; Roslan, Samsilah; Mohamed, Aminuddin; Hassan, Kamaruddin Hj. Abu; Ali, Mohamad Azhar Mat; Manaf, Jaimah Abdul

    2011-01-01

    This paper discusses dropout prevention initiatives by the Malaysian government for the disadvantaged indigenous Orang Asli people in the rural villages of Peninsular Malaysia. The roles of the Ministry of Education (MOE) as well as the Institutes of Teacher Education (ITEs) are highlighted pertaining to efforts at improving the quality of…

  12. Ecological research in conserved areas in the Orange Free State ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    There is a need for the protection and scientific management of representative samples of each ecological area of the Orange Free State. Considerable progress has been made with the establishment of a large number of nature reserves by various authorities. Various ecological investigations have been undertaken in ...

  13. POSITRON ELECTRON PAIR SPECTROMETRY WITH SELECTIVE MINI-ORANGE DEVICES

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    VANKLINKEN, J; BALANDA, A; HOOGDUIN, JM; KAPER, H; MEIRING, WJ; BOKEMEYER, H; DEBOER, FWN; KRAFT, D; STIEBING, KE

    1992-01-01

    Pair spectrometers have been developed with mini-orange filters and adapted Si(Li) detectors. They have been employed in searches for resonant Bhabha scattering and viable axions. They are of implicit value for studies of pair creation with the high resolution of solid state detectors, with the high

  14. Development of acoustic techniques for assessment of orange ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The methodology developed for these surveys, including the equipment used, survey design, target identification, data processing and error analysis are described. Some important biases that should be corrected for when estimating absolute abundance of orange roughy acoustically are addressed. Individual sources of ...

  15. Measurement of brix level of Malaysian local oranges at resonance ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    production, a non-destructive method by using monopole antenna is used in this study. The reflection coefficient is measured at range operating frequency of 8MHz to 5 GHz. The relationship between dielectric constant and S11 is determined. The other variables are compared during S11 at resonance.S11 of oranges is the ...

  16. 21 CFR 146.152 - Orange juice with preservative.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Orange juice with preservative. 146.152 Section 146.152 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION CANNED FRUIT JUICES Requirements for Specific Standardized Canned...

  17. 21 CFR 146.151 - Orange juice for manufacturing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Orange juice for manufacturing. 146.151 Section 146.151 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION CANNED FRUIT JUICES Requirements for Specific Standardized Canned...

  18. 21 CFR 146.145 - Orange juice from concentrate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Orange juice from concentrate. 146.145 Section 146.145 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION CANNED FRUIT JUICES Requirements for Specific Standardized Canned Fruit...

  19. 21 CFR 146.150 - Canned concentrated orange juice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Canned concentrated orange juice. 146.150 Section 146.150 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION CANNED FRUIT JUICES Requirements for Specific Standardized Canned...

  20. 21 CFR 146.146 - Frozen concentrated orange juice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Frozen concentrated orange juice. 146.146 Section 146.146 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION CANNED FRUIT JUICES Requirements for Specific Standardized Canned...

  1. Effect of blending Huanglongbing (HLB) disease affected orange juice with juice from healthy oranges on flavor quality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huanglongbing, or citrus greening disease, has been a concern for the citrus industry as it progressively damages and ultimately kills citrus trees. While this disease does not affect human health, it is associated with bitter off-flavor for orange juice. The objective of this study was to determine...

  2. Orange-red emitting europium doped strontium ortho-silicate phosphor prepared by a solid state reaction method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sahu, Ishwar Prasad

    2017-05-01

    In the present article we report europium-doped strontium ortho-silicates, namely Sr 2 SiO 4 :xEu 3+ (x = 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, 2.5 or 3.0 mol%) phosphors, prepared by solid state reaction method. The crystal structures of the sintered phosphors were consistent with orthorhombic crystallography with a Pmna space group. The chemical compositions of the sintered phosphors were confirmed by energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS). Thermoluminescence (TL) kinetic parameters such as activation energy, order of kinetics and frequency factors were calculated by the peak shape method. Orange-red emission originating from the 5 D 0 - 7 F J (J = 0, 1, 2, 3) transitions of Eu 3+ ions could clearly be observed after samples were excited at 395 nm. The combination of these emissions constituted orange-red light as indicated on the Commission Internationale de l'Eclairage (CIE) chromaticity diagram. Mechanoluminescence (ML) intensity of the prepared phosphor increased linearly with increasing impact velocity of the moving piston that suggests that these phosphors can also be used as sensors to detect the stress of an object. Thus, the present investigation indicates that the piezo-electricity was responsible for producing ML in the prepared phosphor. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  3. Análisis del color y el soleamiento en las Torres de Quart de Valencia (España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Torres, A.

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available In the Towers of Quart (s. XV in the city of Valencia (Spain, an exhaustive chromatic measurement has been done of the remains of colour pigment found on the three distinct materials used in the external facade walls. The sun lighting exposure on the building surfaces has also been studied. The paper describes and justifies the process for making an accurate study of the state of the colour and its illumination by the sun, which enables guidelines to be established for renovation works on the monument.

    En las Torres de Quart (s. XV de la ciudad de Valencia, se ha desarrollado un exhaustivo trabajo de medición cromática de los restos de pigmentos existentes en las fachadas extramuros del edificio, sobre tres estratos materiales de distinta naturaleza. Asimismo, se ha estudiado la incidencia de la luz solar sobre las superficies del edificio. Se describe y justifica el proceso llevado a cabo para la obtención de un documento gráfico preciso del estado del color y su iluminación que permita establecer un protocolo de actuación para intervenir en el monumento.

  4. El oratorio de San Felipe Neri y la controversia sobre las comedias en la Valencia del siglo XVII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Callado Estela, Emilio

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The present article analyzes some of the religious implications deriving from the famous controversy about the legality or illegality of theatre in the 17th century and in the city of Valencia. The question arose from an episode in which Don Luis Crespi de Borja was directly implicated. Crespi was the founder of the Oratory of Saint Philip Neri in the Valencian region and a persistent fighter against comedy. As a consequence of his position in this affair members of the Oratory were pursued by other ecclesiastical sectors favouring theatre.

    El presente artículo analiza algunas de la implicaciones religiosas de la famosa controversia sobre la licitud o ilicitud del teatro, en el siglo XVII y en la ciudad de Valencia, a partir de un episodio protagonizado por don Luis Crespí de Borja, fundador del Oratorio de San Felipe Neri en tierras valencianas y consumado azote de las comedias, cuyo posicionamiento en este particular valdría a los oratorianos la persecución por parte de otros sectores eclesiásticos partidarios del arte escénico.

  5. Las cofradías en el reino de Valencia. Análisis y claves interpretativas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benítez Bolorinos, Manuel

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available

    Between 1329 and 1458 the kingdom of Valencia witnessed a development of an assocaitive movement parallel to other European regions, which gave rise to the appearence of a great number of associations divided in two main groups: religious and trade brotherhoods. Their objectives were to cover a series of spiritual and charity needs, and also to serve as a representation for the traditional handicrafts, looking for a great influence on the urban world by means of a series of symbols, which permited a high grade of social exhibition.



    Entre los años 1329 y 1458, el reino de Valencia asistió al desarrollo de un movimiento asociativo, paralelo a otras regiones europeas, que dio lugar a la aparición de un buen número de corporaciones divididas en dos grandes grupos: cofradías religiosas y cofradías de oficio. Sus objetivos eran cubrir una serie de necesidades espirituales y benéficas, pero también servir de representación a los oficios artesanos, buscando así una mayor influencia en el mundo urbano a través de la ostentación de una serie de símbolos, que permitieron un alto grado de exhibición social.

  6. Las nuevas excavaciones (1995-2006 en el yacimiento del Mioceno final de Venta del Moro, Valencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruiz Sánchez, F. J.

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available From 1995 until 2006 new paleontological excavations were carried out at Venta del Moro (Valencia, Spain, one of the classical Uppermost Miocene (Upper Turolian, MN 13 vertebrate locality of Spain. In the present paper a preliminary synthesis of the methods and main results are presented. Abundant faunal remains were recovered including ten vertebrate taxa no previously recorded from the site. Up to now 43 mammalian species are known from the site. Preliminary list of others groups, as mollusc, are given. The occurrence of foraminifera is reported for the first time.Se presenta una síntesis preliminar de la metodología y de los principales resultados obtenidos en las nuevas campañas de excavación (1995-2006 en la localidad clásica de vertebrados del Mioceno final (Turoliense superior, MN13 de Venta del Moro (Valencia, España. Destaca la actualización de la lista faunística, con la incorporación de más de una decena de taxones de vertebrados no citados anteriormente en el yacimiento. Así, si consideramos sólo la asociación de mamíferos, el listado se compone, por el momento, de 43 taxones. Además, se presentan las listas provisionales de otros grupos, como los moluscos, y se cita por vez primera el hallazgo de foraminíferos.

  7. Defensa a la antigua y a la moderna en el Reino de Valencia durante el siglo XVI

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    Luis Arciniega García

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo aporta documentación inédita sobre diversas obras de defensa llevadas a cabo en el Reino de Valencia durante el siglo XVI. Las noticias, interesantes por si solas, quedan insertas en un panorama amplio que permite entender la diversidad de sistemas defensivos como un medio de adaptación a las necesidades y los medios, rechazando el prejuicio que interpreta la pervivencia de la tradición exclusivamente como un rasgo arcaico. Además se incide en la labor de ingenieros, militares y cargos de la administración en las realizaciones defensivas.This article provides us with unpublished documentation about several defensive works carried out during the Kingdom of Valencia, in the XVIth Century. The information, interesting by itself, is inserted in a wide outlook that allows to understand the diversity of defensive systems as a way of adapting to necessities and resources and rejects the prejudice that interprets the survival of tradition only as an archaic feature. Futhermore, in the defensive works, the labour of engineers, soldiers and responsables of Administration is being emphasized.

  8. New documents about Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra found in the Archivo del Reino de Valencia (1580-1581

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    Jesús Villalmanzo

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available This article brings to light seven new Cervantine documents which contain news related to the biography of the writer at the moment of his arrival and one month stay in Valencia, in November 1580. The testification of our writer before the Justicia Criminal court stands out among the news; it offers novelties about a young Valencian fisherman, allegedly murdered by several Majorcan men, prisoners at the time in Valencia. The fisherman was captive and alive in Algiers according to the testification. This piece of news was conveyed to several Majorcan merchants that claimed that the alleged murderers were innocent. All this resulted in a famous bet being placed in which huge amounts of money were bet upon whether Jeroni Planelles (as was named the mentioned fisherman was alive or dead. These documents also show the dealings had by Cervantes with the captives in Algiers (he wrote letters for them and with the merchants and rescuers (he gave them information about the captives location to be used later for their liberation. They also show some sources of income of Cervantes. It is revealed a lie told by our writer as well. And finally it is brought to light the oldest known autograph signature of Cervantes.

  9. Escrituras migrantes. Las cuatro orillas de la literatura en español. Entrevista a Leonardo Valencia

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    Carina González

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available ¿Es posible hablar de cosmopolitismo dentro de los límites que impone la geografía cultural del Ecuador? Leonardo Valencia piensa que sí y se define como un escritor nómada. Asumiendo la diversidad étnica de su Guayaquil natal ha traspasado las fronteras físicas a partir de viajes y residencias en el extranjero. Entre 1993 y 1998 vivió en Lima, y a partir de este último año vive en España, pero virtualmente no conoce un destino fijo; autor de una ficción progresiva que impulsa a la escritura continua, sus proyectos desafían las convenciones editoriales. De la novela total a los libros de pequeño formato, de la letra impresa al libro flotante de la web, Valencia expande en Kazbek –novela editada en España (2008 y en Argentina (2009–, sus reflexiones sobre el canon literario, los desplazamientos de la identidad y los distintos modos de hacer ficción. La siguiente entrevista fue realizada en junio de 2011 en su Laboratorio de Escritura en la calle El Escorial, en la ciudad de Barcelona.

  10. Urinary excretion of Citrus flavanones and their major catabolites after consumption of fresh oranges and pasteurized orange juice: A randomized cross-over study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aschoff, Julian K; Riedl, Ken M; Cooperstone, Jessica L; Högel, Josef; Bosy-Westphal, Anja; Schwartz, Steven J; Carle, Reinhold; Schweiggert, Ralf M

    2016-12-01

    Orange juice contains flavanones including hesperidin and narirutin, albeit at lower concentrations as compared to orange fruit. Therefore, we compared bioavailability and colonic catabolism of flavanones from orange juice to a 2.4-fold higher dose from fresh oranges. Following a randomized two-way cross-over design, 12 healthy subjects consumed a test meal comprising either fresh oranges or pasteurized orange juice, delivering 1774 and 751 μmol of total Citrus flavanones, respectively. Deglucuronidated and desulfated hesperetin, naringenin, and the flavanone catabolites 3-(3'-hydroxy-4'-methoxyphenyl)propionic acid, 3-(3'-hydroxyphenyl)hydracrylic acid, 4-hydroxyhippuric acid, and hippuric acid were quantitated in 24-h urine by UHPLC-MS/MS. Differences in urinary hesperetin excretion were found to be nonsignificant (p = 0.5209) both after consumption of orange fruit (21.6 ± 8.0 μmol) and juice (18.3 ± 7.2 μmol). By analogy, postprandial flavanone catabolite excretions were highly similar between treatments. Excretion of 3-(3'-hydroxy-4'-methoxyphenyl)propionic acid was inversely related to that of hesperetin, illustrating the catabolite/precursor relationship. Despite 2.4-fold higher doses, excretion of flavanones from ingested fresh orange fruit did not differ from that following orange juice consumption, possibly due to a saturation of absorption or their entrapment in the fiber-rich matrix of the fruit. © 2016 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  11. EFECTO DEL ENCALADO EN EL CULTIVO DE NARANJA VALENCIA EN LA ZONA NORTE DE COSTA RICA

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    Eloy Molina

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Se evaluó el efecto del encalado en el ren- dimiento de naranja Valencia y en la fertilidad de un Ultisol de la Zona Norte de Costa Rica. Se utilizó 3 materiales de encalado: CaCO3 de granulometría gruesa; CaCO3 de granulometría fina; y una mezcla física de 85% de CaCO3 y 15% de óxido de magnesio, cada uno de ellos en dosis de 1, 2 y 3 t ha-1, y un testigo sin cal, en un diseño de Bloques Completos al Azar y 4 repeticiones. Se hicieron 4 cosechas de fruta entre 1994 y 1998, y 3 muestreos de suelo y tejido foliar (6, 12 y 24 meses después de aplicar la cal. La aplicación de cal tuvo un efecto significativo en la fertilidad del suelo; al aumentar la dosis se incrementó el contenido de Ca intercambiable, y se redujo la acidez del suelo y la saturación d acidez. La mezcla de CaCO3 + MgO aumentó significativamente el contenido de Mg intercam- biable, siendo el efecto más marcado con la dosis de 3 t ha-1. La respuesta de la cal se presentó en forma lineal en los 4 años de cosecha evaluados, con un incremento en el rendimiento de fruta y sólidos solubles al elevarse la dosis. El tratamiento de 3 t ha-1 de cal presentó el rendimiento más alto con los 3 materiales evaluados en las 4 cosechas, lo que indica la posibilidad de obtener respuesta a una dosis mayor. No hubo diferencias significativas entre las 3 fuentes de cal en las variables de suelo y rendimiento, lo que indica que las variaciones en calidad química y física de los materiales no afectaron los resultados. Sin embargo, la mezcla CaCO3 + MgO presentó el valor más bajo de acidez, el más alto de Mg en el suelo y en las hojas, y los rendimientos más altos de fruta y sólidos solubles.

  12. Occurrence of emerging contaminants in agricultural soils, sewage sludge and waters in Valencia (E Spain)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boluda, Rafael; Marimon, Lupe; Atzeni, Stefania; Mormeneo, Salvador; Iranzo, María; Zueco, Jesús; Gamón, Miguel; Sancenón, José; Romera, David; Gil, Carlos; Amparo Soriano, Maria; Granell, Clara; Roca, Núria; Bech, Jaume

    2013-04-01

    In recent years, studies into the presence and distribution of emerging contaminants (ECs), like pharmaceutical products, some pesticides and mycotoxins in the natural environment, are receiving considerable attention. Thus, the presence of these compounds in waters, soils and wastes in different locations including agricultural systems has been stressed; very few studies into this matter are available in Spain. The main source of ECs in the environment is wastewater spillage from wastewater treatment plants (WTP), where these compounds arrive from the sewer system network. The objective of this study was to determine the levels of 35 ECs constituted by nine pharmaceutical products, 23 fungicides and three mycotoxins in soils, sewages sludge and waters adjacent to WTP from an agriculture area of Valencia (E Spain) influenced by intense urban and industrial activity. Seven samples from sludge, 13 soil samples and eight samples of waters from the area of influence of WTP were collected. The ECs extraction were performed using 5 g of fresh sample and a mixture of acetonitrile with 1% formic acid and water at the 3:1 ratio by shaking for 45 min and then centrifuging at 4,000 rpm for 5 min. The extract was filtered and determination was done by HPLC system connected to a 3200-Qtrap de triple quadrupole mass spectrometer with an electrospray ion source. The results showed that soil-ECs concentrations were 10 times lower that in sewage sludge. The smaller number of detections and detected compounds should also be stressed. As in previous cases, fungicides azole (tebuconazole and tricyclazole), along with boscalid, were the most detected compounds with concentrations of between 100 and 400 µg kg-1 dw. In second place, propiconazole and azoxystrobin stood out, followed by carbendazim, dimetomorph, pyraclostrobin and propamocarb. The following drugs and mycotoxins were detected to have a higher to lower concentration (1-40 µg kg-1): telmisartan, irbesartan, venlafaxine

  13. SUSTENTABILIDADE AMBIENTAL: UM ESTUDO NA AUTORIDADE PORTUÁRIA DE VALENCIA, ESPANHA.

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    ARTURO GINER FILLOL

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Mesmo com a grande relevância dos portos para o desenvolvimento econômico e social dos países, há uma questão que merece atenção dos gestores e da sociedade, é o fato que as atividades portuárias causam impactos ambientais, tais como assoreamento em meios aquáticos, alterações na fauna e flora, emissões atmosféricas, geração de resíduos sólidos, entre outros. Neste contexto, a gestão da informação ambiental é importante tanto para os gestores dos portos quanto para a sociedade, pois permite conhecer o nível de impacto gerado e o nível de sustentabilidade ao longo do tempo. Uma das formas de medir a informação é verificar o nível de comprometimento dos gestores com a gestão ambiental. Como conseqüência deste entendimento, a presente pesquisa visa identificar o nível de sustentabilidade ambiental na Autoridade Portuária de Valencia (APV. Como metodologia utilizou-se um questionário aplicado à alta direção da APV e realizou-se análise de conteúdo do Relatório de Sustentabilidade da APV para compreender o nível de sustentabilidade ambiental. Os resultados da aplicação do questionário demonstram um grande comprometimento da APV com aspectos ambientais (Materiais, Energia, Água, Biodiversidade, Emissões, Efluentes líquidos, Resíduos, Sanções administrativas e judiciais, Impactos dos produtos e serviços Impactos dos transportes, Multas, Sanções não-monetárias, Não-conformidades, contudo a análise do Relatório de Sustentabilidade demonstra que nem todos os itens são divulgados (80% divulgados. Verifica-se também que o comprometimento da APV não se limita ao discurso ou política ambiental do porto, mas também nos itens que demonstram e avaliam desempenho dos aspectos ambientais.

  14. [Commercial orange juice beverages detection by fluorescence spectroscopy combined with PCA-ED and PLSR methods].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Yang-jun; Zhu, Chun; Chen, Guo-qing; Zhang, Yong; Kong, Fan-biao; Li, Run; Zhu, Zhuo-wei; Wang, Xu; Gao, Shu-mei

    2014-08-01

    In order to classify the orange juiice beverages effectively, the fluorescence character differences of two kinds of orange juice beverages including 100% orange juice and orange drink were analyzed and compared, principal component analysis combined with Euclidean distance was adopted to classify two kinds of orange juice beverages, and ideal classification results were obtained. Meanwhile, the orange juice content estimation model was established by using fluorescence spectroscopy combined with partial least squares regression method, and the correlation coefficient R, root mean square error of calibration RMSEC and root mean square error of prediction RMSEP were 0.997, 0.87% and 2.05%, respectively. The experimental results indicate that the calibration model offers comparatively accurate content estimation, which reflect the actual orange juice content in the commercial orange juice beverages. The exploration to classify orange juice beverages was carried out from two aspects of qualitative and quantitative analysis by employing fluorescence spectroscopy combined with chemometrics method, which can provide a new idea for the classification and adulteration detection of commercial orange juice beverages, and also can give certain reference basis for the quality control of orange juice raw material.

  15. Red-fleshed sweet orange juice improves the risk factors for metabolic syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silveira, Jacqueline Q; Dourado, Grace K Z S; Cesar, Thais B

    2015-01-01

    Orange juice consumption can promote lower levels of oxidative stress and inflammation due to the antioxidant activity of citrus flavonoids and carotenoids. In addition, red-fleshed sweet orange juice (red orange juice) also contains lycopene. This study investigated the effects of red orange juice consumption on risk factors for metabolic syndrome. Volunteers consumed red orange juice daily for 8 weeks, with clinical and biochemical assessments performed at baseline and on the final day. There was no change in the abdominal obesity, but low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, C-reactive protein decreased, while there was an increase of the antioxidant activity in serum after red orange juice consumption. Insulin resistance and systolic blood pressure were reduced in normal-weight volunteers, while diastolic blood pressure decreased in overweight volunteers after intervention. Red orange juice showed anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and lipid-lowering properties that may prevent the development of metabolic syndrome.

  16. Degradation of atrazine and several organophosphorus pesticides in oranges

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bouaid, A.; Martin-Esteban, A.; Fernandez, P.; Camara, C. [Madrid Univ., Madrid (Spain). Facultad de Ciencias Quimicas, Dept. de Quimica Analitica

    2001-02-01

    The degradation of atrazine and four organophosphorus pesticides (chloropyriphos, fenamiphos, methidathion and methyl-parathion) in oranges was studied. Oranges were immersed in a Milli-Q water solution spiked with 10 mg litre{sup -}1 of each pesticide for one day, allowing their adsorption on the orange peel. Then, the oranges were rinsed with Milli-Q water and left outdoors to expose them to natural ambient conditions for two weeks. In parallel, an aqueous solution containing 1 mg litre{sup -}1 of each pesticide was placed in a Pyrex flask, which was tightly closed, and exposed to the same ambient conditions. Both samples (orange peel and Milli-Q water) were analyzed periodically by gas chromatography coupled to a nitrogen phosphorus detector. The pesticide degradation in both samples could be described using a first-order degradation curve. Half-lives varied from 14.5 to more than 30 days in aqueous solution and from 2.3 to 4.1 days in oranges for organophosphorus pesticides, while those for atrazine were 3.1 days and 14.2 days, respectively. The presence of some organophosphorus degradation products in water samples after storage under the above conditions was confirmed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. [Italian] E' stata studiata la degradazione dell'atrazina e quattro pesticidi organofosforati (chlorpyriphos, fenamiphos, methidathion and methyl-parathion) nelle arance. Le arance sono state immerse, per un giorno, in una soluzione acquosa (Milli-Q) addizionata di 10 mg L di ciascun pesticida al fine di ottenerne l'assorbimento sulla biccia. Le arance sono state successivamente lavate con acqua Milli-Q e collocate all'esterno per esporle alle condizioni ambientali per due settimane. In parallelo si e' collocata, una soluzione acquosa contenente 1 mg L, in un matraccio di pirex chiuso ed esposto alle stesse condizioni ambientali. Entrambi i campioni (buccia d'arancia ed acqua Milli-Q) sono stati analizzati periodicamente

  17. Citrus pulp pellets as an additive for orange bagasse silage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. K. Grizotto

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available This study evaluated the fermentation profile of orange bagasse ensiled with three levels of dry matter (DM using citrus pulp pellets as a moisture-absorbing additive. Thirty experimental silos (3 treatments, 5 storage times, 2 replicates were prepared using 25-liter plastic buckets containing orange bagasse and three levels of pelleted citrus pulp (0, 6% and 20% as additive. A completely randomized design with repeated measures over time was used. The periods of anaerobic storage were 3, 7, 14, 28 and 56 days. Natural orange bagasse contained 13.9% DM, which increased to 19.1% and 25.5% with the inclusion of 6% and 20% citrus pulp pellets, respectively. The apparent density was inversely correlated with DM content and a higher level of compaction (982 kg/m3 was observed in the mass ensiled with the lowest DM level (13.9%. Additionally, lower compaction (910 kg/m3 was found in the mass ensiled with the additive. The chemical composition of the mass ensiled with or without citrus pulp pellets did not differ significantly in terms of protein, ether extract, neutral detergent fiber, lignin or in vitro DM digestibility (P≥0.05, as expected. Thus, it was possible to analyze only the effect of the inclusion of citrus pulp pellets on the increase in DM content. The inclusion of 20% of the additive reduced (P<0.01 losses due to effluent (98% less and gas production (81% less compared to the control treatment at the end of the anaerobic storage period. In this treatment, a higher (P≤0.05 log number of lactic acid bacteria (4.61 log CFU/g was also observed compared to the other treatments, indicating that the increase in DM favored the growth of these bacteria. In addition, the low yeast count (about 1 log CFU/g sample and the pH below 4.0, which were probably due to the production of lactic and acetic acids, show that the orange bagasse is rich in fermentable soluble carbohydrates and is indicated for ensiling. In conclusion, orange bagasse can be

  18. Orange-red silver emitters for sensing application and bio-imaging.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ganguly, Mainak; Jana, Jayasmita; Das, Bodhisatwa; Dhara, Santanu; Pal, Anjali; Pal, Tarasankar

    2015-07-07

    Highly fluorescent Au(I)@Ag particles (emission maximum at 635 nm) have been obtained from a mixture of AgNO3, HAuCl4 and glutathione. Au(I)@Ag particles containing Ag2 and Ag3 clusters are produced when the reaction mixture is subjected to a modified hydrothermolysis (MHT) reaction. The silver clusters make the solution intensely fluorescent and the Au(I) moiety provides long term stability to the silver clusters by withdrawing electron density from the silver clusters. The vacuum-dried aqueous fluorescent solution leaves a yellow solid that exhibits higher emissive properties when re-dispersed in non-aqueous solvents. Fluorescent Au(I)@Ag particles have been found to be cytocompatible and efficient candidates for live cell imaging. Addition of S(2-) ions selectively and successively quenches the fluorescence of Au(I)@Ag particles without any significant interference from common anions. Thus, sensitive detection of S(2-) is possible with the fluorescent Au(i)@Ag particles in water and water-miscible non-aqueous solvents. Furthermore, Pb(ii) induced fluorescence enhancement of the solution containing Au(I)@Ag particles has been used to enable S(2-) detection free from interference by S2O3(2-) and I(-). The possibility of naked eye detection of S(2-) is also an additional advantage of this method as an orange color solution is developed exclusively with the S(2-) ion. Fluorometric determination of S(2-) has been rationalized for real environmental samples.

  19. V Congreso sobre la inmigracion en España. Migraciones y desarrollo humano. Valencia, 21-24 de marzo de 2007

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Analía Abt

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Esta crónica realiza una lectura crítica de las ponencias presentadas en el V Congreso sobre la Inmigración en España, “Migraciones y Desarrollo Humano”, realizado en la ciudad de Valencia los días 21 al 24 de marzo de 2007.

  20. Physico-chemistry characteristics of compost from urban solid wastes in Valencia (Spain); Caracteristicas fisico-quimicas de los composts de residuos solidos urbanos de la Comunidad Valenciana

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Albiach, M. R.; Canet, R.; Pomares, F.; Tarazona, F.; Chaves, C.; Ferrer, E.

    2004-07-01

    For nearly twenty years samples of MSW compost produced in the Valencia region. have been analysed in our laboratories. Their main characteristics are summarised and discussed in this article, which reveals their compliance with current regulations, but also the problems which may arise if stricter requirements are eventually applied by the European Commission. (Author)

  1. Comparison of the factors of the built environment influencing the decision to walk for short trips in two Spanish cities: Valencia and Granada

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ferrer, S.; Ruiz Sanchez, T.

    2016-07-01

    In this study, we use a qualitative methodology to identify and compare factors of the built environment influencing the decision to walk for short trips in two different Spanish cities: Valencia and Granada. Three focus groups were held in Valencia and two in Granada with participants who undertook, at least once a week, one short non-shopping trip in any travel mode (were “short trip” is defined as less than 30-45 minutes walking distance). A thematic analysis of the data using the software QSR NVivo was performed after the transcription of the video recordings. Results show that participants perceive more facilitators to walking in Granada than in Valencia, explained by the smaller size of the former city and the driving restriction policy in the city centre of Granada for private cars. The main common barriers to walking in the two cities were: insecurity from crime (absence of people, a poor street lighting or walking along a conflictive are), a high density of traffic lights and walking along large avenues. In the city of Valencia, crossing multilane avenues and large-diameter roundabouts are deterrents to walking. In Granada, very steep streets motivate the use of alternative travel modes. (Author)

  2. Martín I y la aparición del gótico internacional en el reino de Valencia

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    Miquel Juan, Matilde

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available This article focuses on the real presence of Martin I in the Kingdom of Valencia during a long period of time. This fact supposed the arrival and establishment of flemish, Italian painters and the own Crown of Aragón in the city of Turia. Orders not only by Martin I, first as a prince and later as the king, and close members of his court, but also by the own City Council allowed Valencia to be one of the most interesting cities for understanding the development of the International Gothic Style in the Crow of Aragon.

    La presencia de Martín I en el reino de Valencia durante largos periodos de tiempo supuso un atractivo para el establecimiento de pintores flamencos, italianos o de la propia Corona de Aragón en la ciudad del Turia. Los encargos de Martín, primero como infante y después como rey, los realizados por cercanos miembros de su corte, además de los del propio municipio, sitúan a Valencia como una de las urbes más interesantes para comprender el desarrollo del gótico internacional en la Corona de Aragón.

  3. Seasonal changes of the infiltration rates in urban parks of Valencia City, Eastern Spain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cerdà, Artemi; Keesstra, Saskia; Burguet, María; Pereira, Paulo; Esteban Lucas-Borja, Manuel; Martinez-Murillo, Juan F.

    2016-04-01

    Infiltration is a key process of the hydrological cycle. Infiltration also controls the soil water resources, and the development of the vegetation, and moreover, in the Mediterranean, determines the runoff generation (Cerdà, 1996; 1997; 2001). In the Mediterranean, the infiltration in forest soils shows high spatial variability and seasonal and temporal changes (Cerdà, 1999; Bodí and Cerdà, 2009) and is being affected by forest fires (Cerdà, 1998), which introduce a new temporal change in the seasonality of the infiltration rates. Although the forest soils are well assessed, there is no information about the infiltration in urban areas in Mediterranean cities. The Mediterranean dense urban systems use to be treated as impermeable areas. However, the cities show areas covered by vegetation and with soils that allow the rainfall to infiltrate. Those areas are mainly the parks. In order to shed some light on the infiltration capacity of the soils of the urban area of Valencia city 30 rainfall simulations experiments (Cerdà, 1996) and 90 ring infiltrometer (10 cm diameter) measurements were carried out in January 2011, and they were repeated in July 2011, to compare wet (19.4 % of soil moisture) and dry (5.98 % of soil moisture) soils. The infiltration curves where fitted to the Horton (1933) equation and they lasted for 1 hour. The results show that the infiltration is 11 times higher when measured with ring infiltrometer than with the simulated rainfall at 55 mmh-1, and that the infiltration rates where higher in summer than in winter: 2.01 higher for the ring infiltrometer, and 1.45 higher when measured with the rainfall simulator. In comparison to the soils from the forest areas, the infiltration rate in the gardens were lower, with values of 10.23 and 21.65 mm h-1 in average for winter and summer when measured with the rainfall simulator. Similar results were found with the ring infiltrometer. It was also found a clear relationship between the vegetation

  4. Certification of standard reference materials containing bitter orange.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sander, L C; Putzbach, K; Nelson, B C; Rimmer, C A; Bedner, M; Thomas, J Brown; Porter, B J; Wood, L J; Schantz, M M; Murphy, K E; Sharpless, K E; Wise, S A; Yen, J H; Siitonen, P H; Evans, R L; Nguyen Pho, A; Roman, M C; Betz, J M

    2008-07-01

    A suite of three dietary supplement standard reference materials (SRMs) containing bitter orange has been developed, and the levels of five alkaloids and caffeine have been measured by multiple analytical methods. Synephrine, octopamine, tyramine, N-methyltyramine, hordenine, total alkaloids, and caffeine were determined by as many as six analytical methods, with measurements performed at the National Institute of Standards and Technology and at two collaborating laboratories. The methods offer substantial independence, with two types of extractions, two separation methods, and four detection methods. Excellent agreement was obtained among the measurements, with data reproducibility for most methods and analytes better than 5% relative standard deviation. The bitter-orange-containing dietary supplement SRMs are intended primarily for use as measurement controls and for use in the development and validation of analytical methods.

  5. Life cycle assessment of orange peel waste management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Negro, Viviana; Ruggeri, Bernardo; Fino, Debora

    2017-01-01

    The management of orange peel waste constitutes an economic and environmental problem in regions in which there are important citrus processing industries, as is the case of southern Italy. Traditional handling techniques are either not economically attractive (e.g. composting and animal feeding......) or discouraged by European policy (landfilling). As an alternative to these technologies, others aimed at recovering energy and resources are currently receiving increasing attention. The consequential life cycle assessment adopted in this work compares the environmental performance of ten orange peel waste...... management scenarios. These include mono-treatment scenarios (pyrolysis, incineration, and anaerobic mono-digestion) and co-treatment (four anaerobic co-digestion strategies with animal manure and seaweed) ones aimed at energy/resource recovery, which were compared with three "traditional non-energy focused...

  6. PERBEDAAN AGRESIVITAS DITINJAU DARI POLA ASUH ORANG TUA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eryanti Novita

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui perbedaan agresitivitas ditinjau dari pola asuh orang tua pada siswa SMAN 1 Medan. Metode analisis data yang digunakan adalah analisis varians satu jalur atau anava satu jalur dimana seluruh anggota populasi dijadikan sebagai sampel dengan jumlah 52 orang. Hasil analisis data menunjukkan bahwa terdapat perbedaan signifikan antara siswa yang diasuh dengan pola asuh otoriter, demokratis dan permisif dengan bilangan signifikansinya <0,010 yaitu p = 0,000. Dengan melihat nilai rata–rata diketahui bahwa siswa yang diasuh dengan pola asuh otoriter memiliki agresivitas yang lebih tinggi (nilai rata–rata 125, 250 dibandingkan dengan siswa yang diasuh dengan pola asuh permisif (nilai rata–rata 111,111 dan demokratis (nilai rata –rata 83,364. Sementara itu, diketahui bahwa agresivitas siswa SMAN 1 Medan berada pada kategori rendah.

  7. The Doppler paradigm and the APEX-EPOS-ORANGE quandary

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Griffin, J.J.

    1995-01-01

    The experimental detection of the sharp lines of the (e + e - ) Puzzle is viewed as a struggle against Doppler broadening. Gedanken experiments which are realistic in zeroth order of detail are analyzed to show that the ORANGE and EPOS/I geometries select narrower slices of a Doppler broadened line than spherically inclusive (APEX and EPOS/II -like) apparati. Roughly speaking, the latter require event-by-event Doppler reconstruction simply to regain an even footing with the former. This suggests that APEX' or EPOS/II's coincident pair distributions must be statistically superior to those of EPOS/I or ORANGE in order to support a comparable inference about sharp structure. Under such circumstances, independent alternative data is invaluable. Therefore, a corroboration of Sakai's 330.1 keV ( + or e - bombardments of U and Th targets could prove crucial

  8. Skin color variation in Orang Asli tribes of Peninsular Malaysia.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khai C Ang

    Full Text Available Pigmentation is a readily scorable and quantitative human phenotype, making it an excellent model for studying multifactorial traits and diseases. Convergent human evolution from the ancestral state, darker skin, towards lighter skin colors involved divergent genetic mechanisms in people of European vs. East Asian ancestry. It is striking that the European mechanisms result in a 10-20-fold increase in skin cancer susceptibility while the East Asian mechanisms do not. Towards the mapping of genes that contribute to East Asian pigmentation there is need for one or more populations that are admixed for ancestral and East Asian ancestry, but with minimal European contribution. This requirement is fulfilled by the Senoi, one of three indigenous tribes of Peninsular Malaysia collectively known as the Orang Asli. The Senoi are thought to be an admixture of the Negrito, an ancestral dark-skinned population representing the second of three Orang Asli tribes, and regional Mongoloid populations of Indo-China such as the Proto-Malay, the third Orang Asli tribe. We have calculated skin reflectance-based melanin indices in 492 Orang Asli, which ranged from 28 (lightest to 75 (darkest; both extremes were represented in the Senoi. Population averages were 56 for Negrito, 42 for Proto-Malay, and 46 for Senoi. The derived allele frequencies for SLC24A5 and SLC45A2 in the Senoi were 0.04 and 0.02, respectively, consistent with greater South Asian than European admixture. Females and individuals with the A111T mutation had significantly lighter skin (p = 0.001 and 0.0039, respectively. Individuals with these derived alleles were found across the spectrum of skin color, indicating an overriding effect of strong skin lightening alleles of East Asian origin. These results suggest that the Senoi are suitable for mapping East Asian skin color genes.

  9. Patayan Anthropomorphic Figurines from an Orange County Site

    OpenAIRE

    Koerper, Henry C; Hedges, Ken

    1996-01-01

    The primary purpose of this study is to describe these specimens and discuss their cultural associations, temporal placement, and the possible agents and routes of trade for the exotic effigies. Set against the near absence of Late Prehistoric anthropomorphic figurines from elsewhere in Orange County, these dozen artifacts, as well as figurines of the Northern Tradition found at CA-ORA-58, have important implications for the political and economic role of the Banning-Norris site, as well as i...

  10. Orange Women, Female Spectators, and Roaring Girls: Women and Theater

    OpenAIRE

    Wynne-Davies, M

    2009-01-01

    The author introduces articles in the symposium "Women and Theater" in "Medieval and Renaissance Drama," describing the primary types of women who attended the theater in early modern England and how they were represented on stage. Orange-women and others sold their wares to audiences. Mary Frith dressed as a man, moved among the audiences, and was represented in Thomas Dekker and Thomas Middleton's "The Roaring Girl." Female spectators were represented to be attending to experience illicit s...

  11. Skin color variation in Orang Asli tribes of Peninsular Malaysia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ang, Khai C; Ngu, Mee S; Reid, Katherine P; Teh, Mei S; Aida, Zamzuraida S; Koh, Danny Xr; Berg, Arthur; Oppenheimer, Stephen; Salleh, Hood; Clyde, Mahani M; Md-Zain, Badrul M; Canfield, Victor A; Cheng, Keith C

    2012-01-01

    Pigmentation is a readily scorable and quantitative human phenotype, making it an excellent model for studying multifactorial traits and diseases. Convergent human evolution from the ancestral state, darker skin, towards lighter skin colors involved divergent genetic mechanisms in people of European vs. East Asian ancestry. It is striking that the European mechanisms result in a 10-20-fold increase in skin cancer susceptibility while the East Asian mechanisms do not. Towards the mapping of genes that contribute to East Asian pigmentation there is need for one or more populations that are admixed for ancestral and East Asian ancestry, but with minimal European contribution. This requirement is fulfilled by the Senoi, one of three indigenous tribes of Peninsular Malaysia collectively known as the Orang Asli. The Senoi are thought to be an admixture of the Negrito, an ancestral dark-skinned population representing the second of three Orang Asli tribes, and regional Mongoloid populations of Indo-China such as the Proto-Malay, the third Orang Asli tribe. We have calculated skin reflectance-based melanin indices in 492 Orang Asli, which ranged from 28 (lightest) to 75 (darkest); both extremes were represented in the Senoi. Population averages were 56 for Negrito, 42 for Proto-Malay, and 46 for Senoi. The derived allele frequencies for SLC24A5 and SLC45A2 in the Senoi were 0.04 and 0.02, respectively, consistent with greater South Asian than European admixture. Females and individuals with the A111T mutation had significantly lighter skin (p = 0.001 and 0.0039, respectively). Individuals with these derived alleles were found across the spectrum of skin color, indicating an overriding effect of strong skin lightening alleles of East Asian origin. These results suggest that the Senoi are suitable for mapping East Asian skin color genes.

  12. POLA ASUH ORANG TUA TERHADAP SOSIOEMOSIONAL ANAK TUNARUNGU USIA SEKOLAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Farial Nurhayati

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Menurut WHO jumlah anak berkebutuhan khusus di Indonesia adalah sekitar 7% dari total jumlah anak usia 0-18 tahun atau sebesar 6.230.000 pada tahun 2007. Banyak yang mencatat adanya keterlambatan pada perkembangan keterampilan berbahasa sehingga mengakibatkan pencapaian prestasi akademik yang rendah. Pola asuh merupakan interaksi anak dan orang tua dalam hal mendidik, membimbing, dan mendisplinkan serta melindungi anak untuk mencapai kedewasaan sesuai dengan norma-norma yang ada dalam masyarakat. Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk mengetahui hubungan antara pola asuh orang tua dengan sosio emosional anak tunarungu. Desain penelitian ini menggunakan metode penelitian cross sectional dengan jumlah responden 42 responden orang tuaanak tuna rungu di SLB Kota Bogor. Hasil uji statistik diperoleh nilai p=0,183 maka dapat disimpulkan tidak ada hubungan signifikan antara pola asuh dengan sosioemosional anak tuna rungu. Faktor yang memengaruhi sosioemosional anak menurut Artman et al (2008  adalah sebagai berikut faktor risiko individu, seperti tempramen anak, usia, jenis kelamin, keterlambatan perkembangan, masalah kesehatan serius, faktor keluarga dan faktor lingkungan.

  13. Synephrine - A potential biomarker for orange honey authenticity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tette, Patrícia A S; Guidi, Letícia R; Bastos, Esther M A F; Fernandes, Christian; Gloria, Maria Beatriz A

    2017-08-15

    A LC-MS/MS method for synephrine as a biomarker for orange honey authenticity was developed and validated. The sample was extracted with 5% TCA and cleaned up with Florisil providing 83.7% recoveries. Ions transitions for quantification and identification were 168→135.0 and 168→107.0, respectively. The limits of detection and quantification were 0.66 and 1.0ng/g, respectively. Synephrine was detected in orange honey at levels from 79.2 to 432.2ng/g, but not in other monofloral honeys. It was also present in some wildflower honeys (9.4-236.5ng/g), showing contribution of citrus to this polyfloral honey. Results were confirmed by qualitative pollen analysis. No citrus pollen was detected in honey containing synephrine levels ≤43.8ng/g, suggesting that synephrine in honey is more sensitive compared to pollen analysis. Synephrine was found in citrus but not in other apiculture flowers. Therefore, synephrine is a botanical marker to differentiate and attest authenticity of orange honey. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  14. The CaO orange system in meteor spectra

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berezhnoy, A. A.; Borovička, J.; Santos, J.; Rivas-Silva, J. F.; Sandoval, L.; Stolyarov, A. V.; Palma, A.

    2018-02-01

    The CaO orange band system was simulated in the region 5900-6300 Å and compared with the experimentally observed spectra of Benešov bolide wake. The required vibronic Einstein emission coefficients were estimated by means of the experimental radiative lifetimes under the simplest Franck-Condon approximation. A moderate agreement was achieved, and the largest uncertainties come from modeling shape of FeO orange bands. Using a simple model the CaO column density in the wake of the Benešov bolide at the height of 29 km was estimated as (5 ± 2) × 1014 cm-2 by a comparison of the present CaO spectra with the AlO bands nicely observed at 4600-5200 Å in the same spectrum. The obtained CaO content is in a good agreement with the quenching model developed for the impact-produced cloud, although future theoretical and experimental studies of both CaO and FeO orange systems contribution would be needed to confirm these results.

  15. Senior Centers in a Comprehensive Service Delivery System for Orange County. Report and Recommendations of The Orange County Senior Citizens Council-UCI Study Team.

    Science.gov (United States)

    California Univ., Irvine.

    A study team was convened to examine the current status of the delivery system for social services to the elderly in Orange County (California) and to consider the potential of senior centers in fulfilling the role of delivery "focal point." The team was further asked to develop a desirable service delivery system for Orange County as…

  16. Pharmacokinetics of flavanone glycosides after ingestion of single doses of fresh-squeezed orange juice versus commercially processed orange juice in healthy humans

    Science.gov (United States)

    Orange juice is a rich source of flavonoids known to be beneficial to cardiovascular health in humans. The objective of this study was to analyze the pharmacokinetics of the main flavanone glycosides, hesperidin and narirutin, in humans after the consumption of two types of orange juice, fresh squee...

  17. In vitro evaluation of the effect of natural orange juices on dentin morphology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela Leal Zandim

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available The patient's diet has been considered an important etiological factor of dentin hypersensitivity. The frequent ingestion of acidic substances can promote the loss of dental structure or remove the smear layer. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the degree of smear layer removal and dentinal tubules exposure by different natural orange juices. Extracted human teeth were submitted to manual scaling in order to develop the smear layer. Seventy dentin samples were obtained and distributed into the following groups: Control, lime orange, lime, valência orange, navel orange, mandarin, and tangerine. Each group included 2 methods of application: Topical and topical + friction. After preparation for SEM analysis, photomicrographs were assessed by a blind calibrated examiner using an index system. The Kruskal-Wallis test indicated a significant influence of the orange juices on smear layer removal. Significant difference was observed between navel orange, valência orange, mandarin and the control group (p < 0.05. These orange juices resulted in greater removal of the smear layer and greater opening of dentinal tubules. The comparison between the application methods for each group using the Mann-Whitney test showed that friction increased smear layer removal significantly only for lime orange and lime. The data suggest that certain natural orange juices are more effective in terms of smear layer removal and dentinal tubules exposure than others.

  18. Treatment of methyl orange dye wastewater by cooperative electrochemical oxidation in anodic-cathodic compartment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pang, L; Wang, H; Bian, Z Y

    2013-01-01

    Electrochemical oxidation of methyl orange wastewater was studied using Ti/IrO(2)/RuO(2) anode and a self-made Pd/C O(2)-fed cathode in the divided cell with a terylene diaphragm. The result indicated that the appropriate rate of feeding air improved the methyl orange removal efficiency. The discoloration efficiency of methyl orange in the divided cell increased with increasing current density. The initial pH value had some effect on the discoloration of methyl orange, which became not obvious when the pH ranged from 2 to 10. However, the average removal efficiency of methyl orange wastewater in terms of total organic carbon (TOC) can reach 89.3%. The methyl orange structure had changed in the electrolytic process, and the characteristic absorption peak of methyl orange was about 470 nm. With the extension of electrolysis time, the concentration of methyl orange gradually reduced; wastewater discoloration rate increased gradually. The degradation of methyl orange was assumed to be cooperative oxidation by direct or indirect electrochemical oxidation at the anode and H(2)O(2), ·OH, O(2)(-)· produced by oxygen reduction at the cathode in the divided cell. Therefore, the cooperative electrochemical oxidation of methyl orange wastewater in the anodic-cathodic compartment had better degradation effects.

  19. Influência da polinização com variedades de laranja-doce sobre o número de sementes de tangelo Nova Pollination influence of sweet orange varieties on 'Nova tangelo' seeds production

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aline Enila Ferraro

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi estudar a influência da polinização sobre o número de sementes de tangelo Nova. O experimento foi conduzido no Pólo de Desenvolvimento Tecnológico dos Agronegócios do Sudoeste Paulista/DDD, em Capão Bonito (SP, na safra 2004-2005. Flores de plantas de tangelo Nova, com nove anos, foram tratadas durante o florescimento em 2004, como segue: 1. Polinização com laranja Valência; 2. Polinização com laranja Natal; 3. Polinização com laranja Pêra; 4. Isolamento de flores emasculadas; 5. Isolamento de flores completas, e 6. Testemunha (flor livre. Em maio de 2005, os frutos foram colhidos. Embora não tenha existido diferença estatística entre os resultados, em valores absolutos, a maior porcentagem de frutos colhidos foi observada no tratamento com laranja Pêra (42%. Nos tratamentos 4 e 5 não houve frutos colhidos, o que sugere que este tangelo não desenvolveu frutos partenocárpicos nas condições deste estudo. Nos tratamentos com polinização cruzada, observaram-se entre 20 e 23 sementes nos frutos, o que mostra a influência da polinização nas características dos frutos. Não se observaram diferenças significativas nas qualidades do fruto.The objective of this work was to study the pollination influence on Nova tangelo seed production. The experiment was carried out in the Pólo de Desenvolvimento Tecnológico dos Agronegócios do Sudoeste Paulista/DDD, Capão Bonito, SP, Brazil, during 2004/2005 crop. Nine years old flowers of Nova tangelo plants were treated as follows: 1. Valencia sweet orange pollination; 2. Natal sweet orange pollination; 3. Pera sweet orange pollination; 4. emasculated flower isolation; 5. complete flower isolation and 6. Check (free flower. In May 2005, the fruits were harvested. The highest harvested fruits percentage was obtained in Pera sweet orange treatment (42%. No fruits were obtained in treatments 4 and 5, suggesting that this tangelo did not develop

  20. Very bright orange fluorescent plants: endoplasmic reticulum targeting of orange fluorescent proteins as visual reporters in transgenic plants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mann, David G J; Abercrombie, Laura L; Rudis, Mary R; Millwood, Reggie J; Dunlap, John R; Stewart, C Neal

    2012-05-03

    The expression of fluorescent protein (FP) genes as real-time visual markers, both transiently and stably, has revolutionized plant biotechnology. A palette of colors of FPs is now available for use, but the diversity has generally been underutilized in plant biotechnology. Because of the green and far-red autofluorescent properties of many plant tissues and the FPs themselves, red and orange FPs (RFPs, and OFPs, respectfully) appear to be the colors with maximum utility in plant biotechnology. Within the color palette OFPs have emerged as the brightest FP markers in the visible spectra. This study compares several native, near-native and modified OFPs for their "brightness" and fluorescence, therefore, their usability as marker genes in transgenic plant tissues. The OFPs DsRed2, tdTomato, mOrange and pporRFP were all expressed under the control of the CaMV 35S promoter in agroinfiltration-mediated transient assays in Nicotiana benthamiana. Each of these, as well as endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-targeted versions, were stably expressed in transgenic Nicotiana tabacum and Arabidopsis thaliana. Congruent results were observed between transient and stable assays. Our results demonstrated that there are several adequate OFP genes available for plant transformation, including the new pporRFP, an unaltered tetramer from the hard coral Porites porites. When the tandem dimer tdTomato and the monomeric mOrange were targeted to the ER, dramatic, ca. 3-fold, increase in plant fluorescence was observed. From our empirical data, and a search of the literature, it appears that tdTomato-ER and mOrange-ER are the two highest fluorescing FPs available as reporters for transgenic plants. The pporRFP is a brightly fluorescing tetramer, but all tetramer FPs are far less bright than the ER-targeted monomers we report here.

  1. Very bright orange fluorescent plants: endoplasmic reticulum targeting of orange fluorescent proteins as visual reporters in transgenic plants

    OpenAIRE

    Mann David GJ; Abercrombie Laura L; Rudis Mary R; Millwood Reggie J; Dunlap John R; Stewart C

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Background The expression of fluorescent protein (FP) genes as real-time visual markers, both transiently and stably, has revolutionized plant biotechnology. A palette of colors of FPs is now available for use, but the diversity has generally been underutilized in plant biotechnology. Because of the green and far-red autofluorescent properties of many plant tissues and the FPs themselves, red and orange FPs (RFPs, and OFPs, respectfully) appear to be the colors with maximum utility i...

  2. Very bright orange fluorescent plants: endoplasmic reticulum targeting of orange fluorescent proteins as visual reporters in transgenic plants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mann David GJ

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The expression of fluorescent protein (FP genes as real-time visual markers, both transiently and stably, has revolutionized plant biotechnology. A palette of colors of FPs is now available for use, but the diversity has generally been underutilized in plant biotechnology. Because of the green and far-red autofluorescent properties of many plant tissues and the FPs themselves, red and orange FPs (RFPs, and OFPs, respectfully appear to be the colors with maximum utility in plant biotechnology. Within the color palette OFPs have emerged as the brightest FP markers in the visible spectra. This study compares several native, near-native and modified OFPs for their “brightness” and fluorescence, therefore, their usability as marker genes in transgenic plant tissues. Results The OFPs DsRed2, tdTomato, mOrange and pporRFP were all expressed under the control of the CaMV 35S promoter in agroinfiltration-mediated transient assays in Nicotiana benthamiana. Each of these, as well as endoplasmic reticulum (ER-targeted versions, were stably expressed in transgenic Nicotiana tabacum and Arabidopsis thaliana. Congruent results were observed between transient and stable assays. Our results demonstrated that there are several adequate OFP genes available for plant transformation, including the new pporRFP, an unaltered tetramer from the hard coral Porites porites. When the tandem dimer tdTomato and the monomeric mOrange were targeted to the ER, dramatic, ca. 3-fold, increase in plant fluorescence was observed. Conclusions From our empirical data, and a search of the literature, it appears that tdTomato-ER and mOrange-ER are the two highest fluorescing FPs available as reporters for transgenic plants. The pporRFP is a brightly fluorescing tetramer, but all tetramer FPs are far less bright than the ER-targeted monomers we report here.

  3. Structural and luminescence properties of Sm3+ -doped bismuth phosphate glass for orange-red photonic applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Damodaraiah, S; Reddy Prasad, V; Ratnakaram, Y C

    2018-05-01

    In the present study, the effect of bismuth oxide (Bi 2 O 3 ) content on the structural and optical properties of 0.5Sm 3+ -doped phosphate glass and the effect of concentration on structural and optical properties of Sm 3+ -doped bismuth phosphate (BiP) glass were studied. Structural characterization was accomplished using X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) with energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and 31 P nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. Optical properties were studied using absorption, photoluminescence and decay measurements. Using optical absorption spectra, Judd-Ofelt parameters were derived to determine the local structure and bonding in the vicinity of Sm 3+ ions. The emission spectra of Sm 3+ -doped BiP glass showed two intense emission bands, 4 G 5/2 → 6 H 7/2 (orange) and 4 G 5/2 → 6 H 9/2 (red) for which the stimulated emission cross-sections (σ e ) and branching ratios (β) were found to be higher. The quantum efficiencies were also calculated from decay measurements recorded for the 4 G 5/2 level of Sm 3+ ions. The suitable combination of Bi 2 O 3 (10 mol%) and Sm 3+ (0.5 mol%) ions in these glasses acted as an efficient lasing material and might be suitable for the development of visible orange-red photonic materials. Copyright © 2018 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  4. Relaciones familiares en la Valencia tardomedieval. Consanguinidad y afinidad a través de las manifestaciones de últimas voluntades

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaime PIQUERAS JUAN

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available En el presente trabajo se realiza una aproximación a la mentalidad con que la sociedad medieval valenciana concibió sus relaciones familiares a través de la información proporcionada por un conjunto de testamentos. Se pretende analizar cómo la idea de pertenencia a un grupo de consanguíneos convive en los diferentes individuos con las realidades derivadas de la vida en común dentro de la familia nuclear. Para ello, se han estudiado los testamentos de una serie de personas que mayoritariamente realizaron su actividad laboral en la manufactura textil de Alcoy, Ontinyent y Bocairent, en el sur de la actual provincia de Valencia y norte de Alicante, estableciéndose relaciones entre la organización del trabajo, la participación de la mujer en el mundo laboral y los cambios y evoluciones que experimenta el modelo familiar.

  5. The Masters of Colegio Mayor de la Seda of Valencia in a phase of manufacturing growth (1686-1755

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Franch Benavent

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper studies the 2.077 new masters who entered in the «colegio del arte mayor de la seda de Valencia» between 1686 and 1755, and reveals the complexity of the evolution experienced by the corporation. Its closure in favor of the craft collective that occurred in response to the difficulties of the seventeenth century was not definitive, since the manufacturing growth at the end of the century favored the admission of candidates from more diverse origin. The increase of fiscal pressure and the influence of mercantilist policy adopted by the monarchy after the end of the War of the Spanish Succession contributed to a new closure of the corporation as to the stricter enforcement of the productive regulation, producing difficulties in the modernization of the Valencian silk industry.

  6. Impostación del patio del Embajador Vich en el ex-convento del Carmen (Valencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julián Estaban Chapapría

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available La demolición del singular Palacio del Embajador Vich en 1859 trajo consigo la dispersión de los restos de su magnífico patio renacentista que, en parte, fueron impostados en el refectorio gótico del ex-Convento del Carmen de Valencia en 1909. El hallazgo de otro conjunto de fragmentos del patio en el Museo de Bellas Artes de la ciudad ha despertado la iniciativa del desmontaje de las piezas integradas en el refectorio y la recomposición museística del patio con los fragmentos que se conservan. El presente artículo defiende la intervención ecléctica de principios de siglo y plantea dudas sobre la oportunidad de esta doble operación.

  7. LA IMPORTANCIA DEL HIGIENISMO Y LA POTABILIZACIÓN DEL AGUA EN LA CIUDAD DE VALENCIA (1860 -1910

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Antonio Palomero González

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available El siglo XIX se caracteriza por numerosos cambios tanto a nivel social como estructural de la pobla - ción: se produce un acelerado desarrollo urbano sin planificación y carente de servicios que da lugar a una mala calidad de vida y numerosas epidemias. Estos cambios tienen como resultado un nuevo movi - miento, el Higienismo, que pretende mejorar las condiciones de vida de la población. En España, todas las reformas higiénicas se desarrollaron mediante los planes de Ensanche. Uno de los puntos clave de este pensamiento es el abastecimiento de agua potable como medio para evitar enfermedades. La ciudad de Valencia es un claro ejemplo de la importancia de este movimiento y cómo el abastecimiento de agua es un elemento clave en la mejora de la calidad de vida de las personas.

  8. Liberal Administration and Political Corruption: The Conflict between Real Colegio de San Pablo and Instituto Provincial of Valencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carles Sirera

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The present paper examines the Spanish public schools inside the liberal educative system doing a detailed analysis of the Real Colegio de San Pablo of Valencia. The article studies this Real Colegio in order to point out the conflict provoked by political corruption, since Juan Bravo Murillo, a Spanish minister, appointed relatives to direction posts against the desires of Antonio Gil de Zárate, the founder of the Spanish liberal educative system. In this case, the struggle between personal interest of politicians and the necessities of the new and modern administration were related to the problematic issue of the model of high schools established by the State: elitist public schools or open educative institutes without boarding pupils. This conflict ended in favour of the common secondary education in open schools and, after the triumph of the Glorious Revolution in 1868, the Real Colegio de San Pablo was closed to finish with the malpractice of the management.

  9. A propósito de los dibujos inéditos del Instituto Valencia de Don Juan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ocaña Martínez, José Antonio

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available El Instituto Valencia de Don Juan, constituido notarialmente en 1916 conforme a las ideas de Guillermo Joaquín de Osma y Scull (La Habana, 1853-Madrid, 1922, casado con la última condesa de dicho título, Adelaida Crooke y Guzman (Madrid, 1863-París, 1918, guarda, en un reformado palacete de la calle Fortuny de Madrid, importantes colecciones de pinturas, esculturas, tapices, bordados, armas, azulejos, loza, alfarería, azabaches, monedas, muebles, libros y documentos, que el matrimonio logró reunir, provenientes de sus antepasados y adquiridos por ellos. Entre tan valiosos fondos casi pasan desapercibidos los veintiocho dibujos, que hemos catalogado recientemente, los cuales no pueden considerarse una colección sino un conjunto de piezas que llegaron aleatoriamente a la Institución, la mayoría de procedencia hoy desconocida, realizados entre principios de los siglos XVI y XX.…

  10. Fronteras exteriores e interiores en la creación de un reino medieval: Valencia en el siglo XIII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enric GUINOT RODRÍGUEZ

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: La génesis de las fronteras de los reinos cristianos medievales en España tiene mucho que ver con los procesos de guerra y conquista frente a al-Andalus. Éste es el caso del reino de Valencia, creado por el rey Jaime I en el año 1240 a partir de varios territorios musulmanes. Sus fronteras exteriores se crearon a partir de los límites entre cristianos y musulmanes en aquel momento y también por los pactos políticos con la corona de Castilla repartiéndose el territorio de al-Andalus. Pero estas fronteras no fueron definitivas y aún durante más de un siglo los conflictos entre la corona de Aragón y la de Castilla llevaron a cambios importantes en ellas.Por otro lado, la conquista feudal de Valencia implicó su reparto en señoríos y villas reales con la consiguiente necesidad de crear fronteras interiores para delimitarlos. Muchas veces estos límites se basaron en los existentes en época islámica, si bien fue usual que la sociedad feudal los interpretase según criterios propios y locales. Además, al estar ya en pleno siglo XIII, la organización de municipios se convirtió en la unidad básica de organización territorial, si bien existió una jerarquía entre las villas y los pueblos de su término.ABSTRACT: The origin of the borders of the medieval Christian kingdoms in Spain has much to do with the processes military and conquers over al-Andalus. This is the case of the kingdom of Valencia, created by King Jaime I in 1240 from several Muslim territories. Their outer borders were created from the boundaries between Christians and Muslims at that moment, but also by the political pacts with the crown of Castile distributing the territory of al-Andalus. But these borders were not definitive and still for more than a century the conflicts between Aragon and Castile took to important changes in them.On the other hand, the feudal conquest of Valencia implied its distribution between seigneuries and royal cities with the

  11. EVALUACIÓN EMOCIONAL PROTOTÍPICA DE MÚSICA DE VALENCIA AFECTIVA POSITIVA Y NEGATIVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emanuel Blanca

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Esta investigación estudió las asociaciones implícitas entre prototipos de emociones y música de valencia afectiva positiva (música alegre, tempo rápido y negativa (música triste, tempo lento. Para ello se recurrió a una versión modificada del Test de As ociaciones Implícitas, el cual se aplicó a 59 estudiantes universitarios, entre los 18 y los 23 años, (56 % mujeres. Los resultados mostraron que los participantes categorizaron más rápidamente adjetivos vinculados con afectos de alegría o tristeza cuando se asocian de forma congruente con música de tempo rápido y tempo lento, respectivamente. Se discuten las implicaciones para el estudio del procesamiento emocional de la música desde el enfoque prototípico de las emociones.

  12. A Window on the Valencia of Jaume the Conqueror: A Five-Year Core Sample, 1264-1270

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Burns, Robert I.

    1996-12-01

    Full Text Available During the years 1265 to 1270 King Jaume I culminated his career as warrior and hero of Christendom, amid diplomatic triumphs, commercial expansion, and military glory, ending however in personal humiliation and the collapse of his plans for a Jerusalem crusade. The kingdom of Valencia, then in a period of intense post-conquest consolidation, was central to his activities. This article surveys the 500 documents in the king's registers about Valencia for that short period, organizing them around the themes of Physical Space, the Human Geography both political and economic, the Fiscal Space, the Juridical Space, the Sacret Space, the "Parallel Societies" of Jews and Mudejars, the world of women, and the Murcian Crusade in Valencian Perspective. Each of the hundreds of elements comprising this five-year panorama is accompanied by the number of a document or documents from the forthcoming third volume of the Diplomatarium of King Jaume. The structure and dynamics of his new kingdom are revealed in this abundance of anecdotes, personal glimpses and self-enclosed narratives of those remarkable documents and their obiter dicta.[fr] Pendant les années 1265 à 1270, le roi Jaume I a culminé sa carrière de guerrier et héros du monde chrétien par des succès diplomatiques, expansion commerciale et gloire militaire, terminant pourtant par l'humiliation personnelle et l'effondrement de ses plans pour une croisade contre Jérusalem. Le royaume de Valencia, à cette époque-là dans une période de consolidation intense après la conquête, occupait une place centrale dans ses activités. Cet article est un aperçu des 500 documents dans les registres du roi sur Valencia dans cette courte période-là. L'article organise les documents sous les thèmes de l'Espace physique, la Géographie humaine-économique et politique, l'Espace fiscale, l'Espace juridique, l'Espace sacrée, les "Sociétés parallèles" des juifs et mudejars, le Monde de la femme, et la

  13. Reflexiones de dos farmacéuticas jóvenes tras el Congreso de SEFAC en Valencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cruz Pérez A

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available SEFAC celebró su cuarto Congreso Nacional del 11 al 13 de noviembre en Valencia. Más de 400 profesionales de toda España participaron en este encuentro científico y profesional de los farmacéuticos comunitarios. Y lo más ilusionante de todo es que había mucha juventud en el ambiente, bien por la edad de algunos congresistas o por su espíritu de constante superación y su generosidad para aportar su visión y su labor a los que empiezan. A continuación reproducimos las reflexiones de dos farmacéuticas andaluzas que asistieron al Congreso en busca de conocimientos… y han regresado a su trabajo con una experiencia mucho más gratificantemiembros de la SED.

  14. 100 voces y expresiones del español de Valencia en el aula de E/LE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Giménez Folqués

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Resumen: Resulta recurrente en el aula de E/LE preguntarse qué variante del español enseñar. Por un lado, es importante que los estudiantes se familiaricen con la realidad dialectal panhispánica, donde pueden encontrarse con diferentes variantes del español; pero, por el otro, también es interesante que conozcan las peculiaridades del español de la zona donde están llevando a cabo su aprendizaje lingüístico. De este modo, en el presente trabajo trataremos de explicar las características del español de Valencia mediante su léxico, en concreto, mediante 100 voces y expresiones extraídas de corpus significativos como el de Val.Es.Co, PRESEVAL o CORPES. Finalmente, incluiremos una breve propuesta didáctica que sirva como muestra. Palabras clave: variedades del español, español de Valencia, corpus españoles.   Abstract: It is relevant to know what Spanish variant we have to teach in E/LE class. On the one hand it is important that students have knowledge learn about the reality of the Spanish language. On the other hand, it is also important that they learn the Spanish variant from the context where they are studying. Therefore, we will explain the characteristics of the Valencian Spanish, using 100 words and expressions extracted from Val.Es.Co, PRESEVAL and CORPES corpora. Finally, we will include a brief didactic proposal. Key words: Spanish variants, Valencian Spanish, Spanish corpus.

  15. PODER, NEGOCIO Y CONFLICTIVIDAD FISCAL: EL REFORZAMIENTO DE LA AUTORIDAD DEL INTENDENTE EN LA VALENCIA DEL SIGLO XVIII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Franch Benavent

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Las vacilaciones con las que se procedió a la realización de las reformas fiscales en el Reino de Valencia tras la abolición de los fueros en 1707 generaron numerosos conflictos que impulsaron a la Monarquía a reforzar la autoridad del intendente. Con tal finalidad, se potenció la tramitación por la vía reservada de las decisiones que adoptaba en materia hacendística. Pero el considerable incremento de su poder que ello comportó favoreció su utilización de forma abusiva en beneficio propio o de la red clientelar articulada a su alrededor. No obstante, las relaciones que mantenía el intendente con las élites locales contribuyen a explicar el eco desigual que alcanzaron las denuncias de corrupción que se formularon a lo largo de la centuria.AbstractThe hesitant application of the fiscal reforms implemented in the Kingdom of Valencia after the abolition of the regional laws in 1707 generated many conflicts that drove the Monarchy to reinforce the authority of the intendant. With this purpose, the Monarchy encouraged the reserved direct processing of the decisions adopted in financial matter. However, this caused a considerable increase of the intendant power that also implied the abusive usage for its own or the client network’s profit surrounding its figure. Nevertheless, the intendant relationships with the local elites explain the corruption accusations’ unequal eco throughout the century.

  16. Procedimiento de análisis para el estudio del proceso constructivo documentado del Colegio de Corpus Christi de Valencia

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    Lerma, C.

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The analysis procedure of the historic building construction sequence must establish the relationship between the documentation study that is conserved and its current state, noting the inconsistencies that occur. This paper focuses on the Seminary-School of Corpus Christi of Valencia, which is 400 years old and retains plenty of original documents relating to its construction. All aspects of the architecture and the construction of the building are analyzed in detail. A graphic study of the costs and three-dimensional hypothesis of the building construction sequence clarify how occurred its construction process. The proposed methodology can be used to study other construction processes in historical buildings.El procedimiento de análisis de la secuencia constructiva de un edificio histórico debe establecer la relación entre el estudio de la documentación que se conserva y el estado actual del mismo, advirtiendo las incongruencias que se produzcan. Este trabajo se centra en el Colegio-Seminario de Corpus Christi de Valencia, que cuenta con una antigüedad de 400 años y conserva abundante documentación original relativa a su construcción. Se analizan con detalle todos los aspectos relacionados con la arquitectura y la construcción del edificio, aclarando cómo se produjo el proceso de construcción, facilitando un estudio gráfico de los gastos y una hipótesis tridimensional de la secuencia constructiva. La metodología que se propone puede servir para el estudio de procesos constructivos en otros edificios históricos.

  17. Religious believes versus cultural resource management: about the Medieval Jewish cemetery of Valencia (Spain

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    Jiménez, José Luis

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available Archaeological heritage ownership is a controversial subject under the influence of both ethnic and religious claims. In 1996, a group of Jewish communities finally were able to interrupt the archaeological excavation under way at the medieval Jewish cemetery of Valencia. In this manner they did not allow the anthropological analysis of human remains recovered at the site that were reburied at the Jewish cemetery of Barcelona. Both administrations, local and regional, prioritized religious claims of the communities involved with respect to the archaeological heritage. As a consequence of a complaint filed by a group of citizens, the Síndic of Greuges of the Valencian Community (regional ombudsman signed a condemnatory resolution against the initial resolution of the public administration.

    La propiedad sobre el patrimonio histórico es objeto de controversia al amparo de reivindicaciones de tipo étnico o religioso. En 1996, diversas Comunidades Judías consiguieron paralizar la excavación arqueológica de un importante sector de la necrópolis judía medieval de Valencia e impidieron la investigación arqueológica de los restos humanos descubiertos que fueron reinhumados en el actual cementerio judío de Barcelona. Los gobiernos local y autonómico antepusieron las exigencias religiosas de las Comunidades Judías al respeto hacia el patrimonio arqueológico. A raíz de una queja formulada por un grupo de ciudadanos, el Síndic de Greuges (Síndico de Agravios de la Comunidad Valenciana dictó una resolución condenatoria sobre la decisión tomada por los poderes públicos.

  18. Tres nuevas localidades con fauna de micromamíferos fósiles de edad Aragoniense inferior-medio en el sector sureste de la cuenca de Quesa-Bicorp (prov. de Valencia, España)

    OpenAIRE

    Ruiz Sánchez, Francisco Javier; Santisteban, Carlos de

    2003-01-01

    In this paper are described three new mammal localities of Lower -Middle Aragonian age in the Quesa-Bicorp basin (Prov. of Valencia, Spain). The new data confirm the age atribution for the lower continental deposits

  19. 7 CFR 905.5 - Variety.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... oranges and other types commonly called “round oranges,” except Navel oranges and except Valencia, Lue Gim... Robinson and Honey tangerines; (j) Robinson tangerines; (k) Honey tangerines; (l) Navel oranges; and (m...

  20. A Public-Private Partnership to Mitigate Food Insecurity and Food Waste in Orange County, California.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia-Silva, Bernadet; Handler, Eric; Wolfe, Julia

    2017-01-01

    Food insecurity is a global issue that arises owing to systemic socioeconomic inequities and environmental constraints. To highlight the existence and the extent of food insecurity and food waste, the Orange County Health Department in Orange County, California, created a coalition called "Waste Not Orange County." Orange County is the sixth most populous county in California and has the highest median income, yet 11.4% of those residing in Orange County are food insecure, and 24.0% live in poverty. The overall vision of the coalition is to mitigate hunger in Orange County by educating the community about food donations, identifying food-insecure individuals, and connecting those individuals to sources of food. We examine the coalition's impacts between 2014 and 2016.

  1. Orange peel flour effect on physicochemical, textural and sensory properties of cooked sausages

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sonia Hernandez Garcia

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Orange peel flours as a source of fiber, protein, and flavonoids as antioxidants was added to meat batters in order to improve nutritional quality and physicochemical, textural and sensory properties. Orange peel flour in meat batters improved yield and reduced expressible moisture. Hardness in orange peel flour samples was higher, but less resilient and cohesive. Warner-Bratzler shear force was not different between control (no orange peel flour and samples with this functional ingredient. A no trained panel determinate that there was no difference between control and orange peel flour added sausages at a 5% (w/w level. In this view, orange peel flour can be employed to improve yield and texture of cooked meat products.

  2. Diseño y desarrollo de una campaña de comunicación gráfica publicitaria para el Parque Natural de la Albufera de Valencia.

    OpenAIRE

    SIMÓN RÚA, CELIA

    2017-01-01

    This work is based in the design and development of a graphic advertising campaign, of touristic and environmental nature, for Albufera's Natural Park in the city of Valencia (Spain). The project combines two artistic fields: graphic design and photography; with the intention of arousing interest on both, tourists and habitants of Valencia. The campaign follows a Visual Communication Plan and is presented in different formats such as posters, postcards and brochures. El presente trabajo tr...

  3. Orang Asli Women of Malaysia: Perceptions, Situations and Aspirations, Adela Baer et al.

    OpenAIRE

    Sim, Hew Cheng

    2013-01-01

    This book makes an important contribution to the growing corpus of work on Malaysian women. Although the Orang Asli are well studied, little has been written of the women in particular. This book complements an earlier one on Semai women, as this volume attends to the various groups of Orang Asli women. The contributors have conducted scholarly work amongst the Orang Asli, spanning several decades collectively. The groups covered in this volume are the Jahai, Batek, Chewong, Semelai, and Btsi...

  4. Orang Asli Women of Malaysia: Perceptions, Situations and Aspirations, Adela Baer et al.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hew Cheng Sim

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available This book makes an important contribution to the growing corpus of work on Malaysian women. Although the Orang Asli are well studied, little has been written of the women in particular. This book complements an earlier one on Semai women, as this volume attends to the various groups of Orang Asli women. The contributors have conducted scholarly work amongst the Orang Asli, spanning several decades collectively. The groups covered in this volume are the Jahai, Batek, Chewong, Semelai, and Btsi...

  5. 21 CFR 73.3112 - C.I. Vat Orange 1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false C.I. Vat Orange 1. 73.3112 Section 73.3112 Food... COLOR ADDITIVES EXEMPT FROM CERTIFICATION Medical Devices § 73.3112 C.I. Vat Orange 1. (a) Identity. The color additive is C.I. Vat Orange 1, Colour Index No. 59105. (b) Uses and restrictions. (1) The...

  6. Blood pressure and heart rate effects following a single dose of bitter orange.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bui, Linda T; Nguyen, DiemThuy T; Ambrose, Peter J

    2006-01-01

    The ingredients of numerous "ephedra-free" dietary supplements used for weight loss include bitter orange, which contains sympathomimetic alkaloids such as synephrine. Due to the similarity in chemical structure to ephedrine and the potential sympathomimetic effects of synephrine, it is hypothesized that bitter orange may increase blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR). To determine the effects on BP and HR after a single dose of bitter orange in healthy adults. In a prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover study, 15 young, healthy, adult subjects received either a single dose of Nature's Way Bitter Orange--a 900 mg dietary supplement extract standardized to 6% synephrine--or matching placebo, with a one week washout period. Systolic BP (SBP), diastolic BP (DBP), and HR were measured at baseline and every hour for 6 hours after administration. SBP after bitter orange was significantly increased versus placebo at hours 1-5 (p bitter orange, DBP after bitter orange was significantly increased versus placebo at hours 4 and 5 (p bitter orange versus placebo for hours 2-5 (p bitter orange versus placebo in young, healthy adults.

  7. Orange fiber as a novel fat replacer in lemon ice cream

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    Tainara de Moraes Crizel

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Orange fiber was used as a novel fat replacer in light lemon ice cream. Nine ice cream formulations were compared: standard control ice cream (IC; ice cream with fiber (F1 from the peel, bagasse, and orange seed (ICA and ICB; ice cream with fiber (F2 from the orange peel alone (ICC and ICD; ice cream with fiber (F3 from the peel, bagasse, and orange seed pretreated with hydro-distillation (ICE and ICF; and ice cream with fiber (F4 from the orange peel pretreated with hydro-distillation (ICG and ICH.The orange fiber reduced the ice cream fat content (50 % and the overrun ratio and increased the fiber content and the hardness, gumminess, and springiness values, but it did not affect the adhesiveness and odor of the samples. The samples with 1.0 % of orange fiber showed low melting rate values than those of the control ice cream. The overall acceptance of the ice cream with 1.0 % of pre-treated orange peel fiber did not differ from that of the control ice cream (80 %. The orange fiber proved a promising food ingredient since it can be used to decrease the fat content and increase bioactive compounds content, such as fiber and carotenoids.

  8. Nondestructive detection pesticide residue on navel orange surface using laser image

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yao, Mingyin; Liu, Muhua; Yao, Lintao

    2009-07-01

    To detect pesticide residue on navel orange surface by nondestructive means, five group oranges sprayed water, fenvalerate, isocarbophos, fenpropathrin, carbendazim pesticides respectively were chosen as experimental samples. Laser imaging system was built for acquiring images of fruits. Unitary nonlinear regression function was fitted by analyzing gray histogram curves of images within 12-40 range. The coefficient or eigenvalue of functions was different about every navel orange. The threshold coefficient was confirmed by data processing, which can establish fruits surface sprayed pesticide or not. The result showed that laser imaging technique is feasible for detecting pesticide residue on navel orange surface.

  9. From the local fueros to the Valencia’s Fuero in the Context of the Feudal Society Instauration Process at the 13th Century in the Reign of Valencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enric GUINOT RODRÍGUEZ

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyzes the process of changing local laws (fueros to a territorial law (fuero in the context of the new kingdom of Valencia created in 1240 by King James I. Following the tradition of Catalonia and Aragon, also in Valencia the crown and nobility initially organized the repopulation based on different local fueros: Sepúlveda, Zaragoza, Daroca, Teruel, Fontana, costum de Lleida or costum/fuero of Valencia. But from 1245, the monarchy drove the territorial law (fuero of Valencia, which has traditionally been interpreted as a political reason for confrontation between Catalan and Aragonese populators. Our study explains how the Fuero of Zaragoza/Aragon was limited during the 13th Century to a few seigneuries, and how widespread the Fuero of Valencia. Thus, the conflict between the nobility of Aragonese origin to the public power (monarchy and citizens began when the first courts of 1261 approved extending the Fuero of Valencia as a territorial law for the new kingdom.

  10. Enhancing quality of orange juice by irradiation and chitosan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Swailam, H.M.

    2009-01-01

    Recent concern about the presence of disease-causing bacteria in orange juice has highlighted the need to develop alternative means of pathogen control that preserve sensory properties and nutrient content. The objectives of this study were to determine the effects of irradiation and chitosan on the microbiological, physico-chemical and sensory properties in orange juice during refrigerated storage at 4 c. Irradiation treatments with 1 and 2 kGy decreased the log counts of total bacterial counts (TBC) and total mould and yeast (TM and Y)of orange juice (OJ). Whereas, irradiation with 2 kGy after treated OJ with 0.1% chitosan (Cs) the log counts were less than 10 cfu/ml during storage periods up to 6 months. Also, no viable cells of salmonella typhimurium and escherichia coli were found after these treatments. Therefore, it was concluded that irradiation with 2 kGy 0.1% Cs of oj improved the microbiological safety. D 1 0-value of s. typhimirium in oj and saline solution were 0.48 and 0.40 kGy, while those of e.coli were 0.25 and 0.20 kGy. Irradiation and chitosan resulted in reduction of ascorbic acid content by 7.47%.however, the contents of acidity were stable during storage periods. After 6 months of storage, sensory quality of the irradiated 2 kGy.1% Cs oj samples was adequate, while the quality of the non-irradiated control was deteriorated. Using 2 kGy.1% Cs treatment would allow to inactivate pathogenic and spoilage microorganisms or slow down their development without affecting its sensory quality. The results indicated that the oj behaves as a non-Newtonian fluid. The measurements of viscosity were applied in power low model to analyze the behavior

  11. Orange oil effect in the control of fennel aphid

    OpenAIRE

    Ivanildo Cavalcanti de Albuquerque; Luciano de Medeiros Pereira Brito; Carlos Henrique de Brito; Edson Batista Lopes; Jacinto de Luna Batista

    2009-01-01

    In the properties where fennel is grown, in the states of Bahia, Sergipe, Pernambuco and Paraiba, at the Northeast of Brazil, a high rate of usage of pesticides in the crop, aiming to control the aphid Hyadaphis foeniculi. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of orange oil Prev-Am (sodium tetraborohydrate decahydrate), in the control of H. foeniculi aphid of the fennel crop. The trial was conducted in a fennel field located in Lagoa Seca Experimental Station, belonging to the ...

  12. Polylactic acid promotes healing of photodegraded disperse orange 11 molecules

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stubbs, Najee; Bridgewater, Mauricio; Stubbs, Micheala; Kabir, Amin; Crescimanno, Michael; Kuzyk, Mark G.; Dawson, Nathan J.

    2018-02-01

    We report on the recovery of a photodegraded organic molecule mediated by a biopolymer. Amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) from disperse orange 11 (DO11) dye-doped polylactic acid (PLA) was used to monitor photodegradation while the material was being damaged by a strong pump laser. The ASE signal fully recovers over two hours time when the pump beam is blocked. The fluorescence spectra was also observed to recover after partial photobleaching the dye-doped polymer. PLA is the first biopolymer known to mediate the recovery of a photodegraded organic dye molecule.

  13. Vocal matching by orange-fronted conures (Aratinga canicularis)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Balsby, Thorsten J S; Bradbury, Jack W

    2009-01-01

    The functions of vocal matching have been clarified in territorial songbirds, compositionally stable groups of birds and mammals, and species with multiple alarm or assembly signals. The functions of vocal matching are less well understood in fission/fusion species that are non-territorial, live...... in groups with variable composition, and lack multiple alarm signals. Here we present the results of interactive playbacks in a fission/fusion parrot species, the orange-fronted conjure (Aratinga canicularis), that provide evidence of vocal matching. A randomly selected loud contact call (chee) per trial...

  14. Populismo municipal y nacionalcatolicismo en la Valencia del general Primo de Rivera: el marqués de Sotelo (1923-1930 = Populism and Municipal Propaganda in Valencia during Primo de Rivera’s Dictatorship: the Marquis of Sotelo (1923-1930.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julio López Iñíguez

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo pretende explicar las principales características políticas del régimen de Primo de Rivera en la ciudad de Valencia. Desde un análisis de la política municipal, el populismo y la publicidad de la construcción de obras públicas se presentan como los principales pilares para la consolidación del régimen en Valencia. La praxis política del marqués de Sotelo supuso para la ciudad el primer contacto con el nacionalcatolicismo. La figura de este alcalde, además, ocupa buena parte del texto al ser un fiel exponente de las prácticas políticas nacidas tras el golpe de septiembre de 1923.This paper aims to explain the main features of the political regime of Primo de Rivera in the city of Valencia. From an analysis of municipal politics, populism and advertising public works construction are presented as the main supports for the consolidation of the regime in Valencia. The political praxis of the Marquis of Sotelo assumed for the city’s first contact with the National Catholicism. The figure of the mayor, also occupies much of the text to be a faithful exponent of political practices born after the September 1923 coup.

  15. El hallazgo de los frescos de Paolo de San Leocadio en la catedral de Valencia y algunas consideraciones acerca de Francesco Pagano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Condorelli, Adele

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available El extraordinario acontecimiento del hallazgo de frescos de la época del Renacimiento bajo las estructuras barrocas que revisten la bóveda de la Capilla Mayor de la Catedral de Valencia, que tuvo lugar el 20 de junio de 2004, pone de actualidad un argumento que traté el año pasado, en Palermo, con ocasión del Convenio internacional sobre Antonello y la pintura del Quattrocento en la Europa mediterránea. El argumento de mi citada intervención versaba, entre otros temas, sobre la personalidad de Francesco Pagano, llevado a Valencia en 1472, junto con Paolo de San Leocadio, por el cardenal Rodrigo de Borja, para que pintase al fresco las paredes y la bóveda de la Capilla Mayor de la Catedral, cuyo decorado medieval había sido destruido, el 21 de mayo de 1469, por un devastador incendio...

  16. La Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Carlos y el ejercicio de la agrimensura en la Valencia del siglo XVIII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Faus Prieto, Alfredo

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available During the 18th century the land surveying knew in Spain an unfinished process of institutionalizacion that laid the foundations of its further development. This process, which began in the ancient Reign of Valencia, provoked the successive aparition of local employment and the academic title of land-surveyor. The present work is focused on the circumstances wich took place in this process, as well as its limitations.

    En el siglo XVIII la agrimensura conoció, en España, un proceso inacabado de institucionalización que sentó las bases para su posterior desarrollo. Este proceso se inició en el antiguo Reino de Valencia y provocó la aparición sucesiva del empleo municipal y el título académico de agrimensor. En este trabajo se estudian las circunstancias que concurrieron en dicho proceso, así como sus limitaciones.

  17. Los libros de arquitectura en la Valencia del siglo XVIII : de los modelos del Barroco a la Academia de San Carlos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo González Tornel

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo estudia el impacto de la circulación de libros y estampas sobre arquitectura, perspectiva o arqueología sobre la construcción en Valencia durante el siglo XVIII. Se analizan para ello los inventarios en los que estas obras impresas se documentan y se cotejan las mismas con las obras efectivamente edificadas, buscando los modelos estructurales y decorativos empleados por los arquitectos.This essay studies the impact of books and prints of architecture, perspective or archaeology on the construction in Valencia during the 18th century. It analyzes the mention of some of these books in documents and compares them with the constructions built in the city looking for the structural and decorative models used by the architects.

  18. Extraction of orange peel's essential oil by solvent-free microwave extraction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qadariyah, Lailatul; Amelia, Prilia Dwi; Admiralia, Cininta; Bhuana, Donny S.; Mahfud, Mahfud

    2017-05-01

    Sweet orange peel (Citrus sinensis) is part of orange plant that contains essential oils. Generally, taking essential oil from orange peel is still using hydrodistillation and steam-hydrodistillation method which still needs solvent and takes a long time to produce high quality essential oil. Therefore, the objectives of this experiment are to study the process of orange peel's essential oil extraction using Solvent Free Microwave Extraction (SFME) and to study the operating condition that effect an optimum yield and quality of the essential oil. In this experiment, extraction process with SFME method goes for 60 minutes at atmospheric pressure. Variables for SFME are: variation of orange peel condition (fresh and dry), ratio orange peel mass to distiller volume (0,1; 0,2; 0,3; 0,4 g/mL), orange peel size (±0,5; ±2; ±3,5 cm width), and microwave power (100, 264, 400 Watt). Moisture content of fresh peel is 71,4% and for dry peel is 17,37% which is obtained by sun drying. The result of this experiment will be analyzed with GC-MS, SEM, density, and miscibility in ethanol 90%. The optimum result obtained from this experiment based on the number of the yield under condition of fresh orange peel is at peel mass/distiller volume 0,1 g/mL, orange peel size ±3,5 cm width, and microwave power 400 Watt, results 1,6738% yield. The result of GC-MS for fresh orange peel shows that the dominant compound is Limonene 54,140% and for dry orange peel is Limonene 59,705%. The density obtained is around 0,8282-0,8530 g/mL and miscibility in ethanol 90% is 1:5.

  19. ESTUDIO SOBRE DIFERENTES TIPOS DE PLANCHAS EN RELIEVE PARA LA REALIZACIÓN DE UNA SERIE. OBRAS SOBRE LA FIESTA DEL "CORPUS CHRISTI DE VALENCIA"

    OpenAIRE

    VIDAL MARTÍNEZ, MARÍA DOLORES

    2016-01-01

    [EN]b In this work, I have carried out a series of embossed engravements in order to study the behaviour of expressive effects in different types of matrices, within the framework of the Corpus Christi festivity in Valencia. This festival is extremely unique, as it combines different concepts, such as tradition, religion, legend, symbolism and popular culture, in a single celebration. This perfect combination of matrices enriches its artistics aspects in a simple manner, and the embossed engr...

  20. Intervenciones contemporáneas en los mercados municipales representativos de Cataluña y Valencia, construidos a finales del siglo XIX y principios del XX

    OpenAIRE

    Zavala Sánchez, María Dolores

    2013-01-01

    This PhD thesis is a deep research on the architectural evolution of the most representative municipal markets in Catalonia and Valencia , from its origins to the present day. It includes an extensive comparison of all the cases considered (in the sample), with emphasis on contemporany renovations and methods and criteria aplplied (including the levels of law protection and their influence in the result). The study stablishes the fundamental values of this kind of historical buildings that ne...

  1. Estudio y propuesta de intervención en la Parroquia del Santísimo Cristo de la Providencia de Valencia

    OpenAIRE

    FERNÁNDEZ DOMINGO, RUBÉN

    2011-01-01

    El proyecto incluye estudio histórico, levantamiento de planos, análisis constructivo, estudio de patologías, y una propuesta de intervención Fernández Domingo, R. (2011). Estudio y propuesta de intervención en la Parroquia del Santísimo Cristo de la Providencia de Valencia. http://hdl.handle.net/10251/12220. Archivo delegado

  2. The Chemical and Educational Appeal of the Orange Juice Clock

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelter, Paul B.; Carr, James D.; Johnson, Tanya; Mauricio Castro-Acuña, Carlos

    1996-12-01

    The Orange Juice Clock, in which a galvanic cell is made from the combination of a magnesium strip, a copper strip, and juice in a beaker, has been a popular classroom, conference, and workshop demonstration for nearly 10 years. It is widely enjoyed because it shows visually how chemistry - or more precisely, electrochemistry - is responsible for the very common phenomenon of a clock ticking. The chemistry of the process can also be understood on a variety of levels, from middle school (simple electron flow in a circuit, Ohm's law) and high school (reduction/oxidation and standard cell potentials) to first-year college (cell potential at nonideal conditions) and graduate school courses (overpotential and charge transfer across interfaces.) The discussion that follows considers the recent history, chemistry, and educational uses of the demonstration. The History The demonstration was devised by one of us (PK) in 1986, after reading an activity in Hubert Alyea's 1947 compendium of chemical demonstrations from this Journal (1). In that activity, Alyea hooked a magnesium strip to the negative battery terminal of an electric bell and hooked a copper strip to the positive terminal. He placed the loose ends of the strips into a 1M 2SO4 solution and the bell rang. After trying the demonstration, it seemed to make sense to modify the electrolyte to orange juice because it is safe, readily available, and would be a mixture in which the magnesium would oxidize more slowly than in sulfuric acid. Further, a clock was substituted for the bell because a clock is easier on the ears than a bell. A video of the orange-juice clock setup is given as Figure 1. Figure 1.The orange juice clock set up. Video of orange juice clock was filmed and editted by Jerry Jacobson at the University of Wisconsin - Madison. The apparatus was presented in 1987 as part of a teacher workshop led by Irwin Talesnick, then of Queen's University in Canada. Talesnick, whose distinguished career has been

  3. Oil of bitter orange: new topical antifungal agent.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramadan, W; Mourad, B; Ibrahim, S; Sonbol, F

    1996-06-01

    Superficial dermatophyte infection is one of the most common dermatologic diseases. Some of these infections are extremely resistant to therapy. Sixty patients participated in this study; they were classified into three groups (20 patients in each). All groups had comparable numbers of patients with tinea corporis, cruris, and pedis. Group 1 was treated with a 25% emulsion of oil of bitter orange (OBO) three times daily; group 2 was treated with 20% OBO in alcohol three times daily and group 3 was treated with pure OBO, once daily. Clinical and mycologic examinations were performed before therapy and every week until a complete cure had occurred. In group 1, 80% of patients were cured in 1 to 2 weeks and 20% in 2 to 3 weeks. In group 2, 50% were cured in 1 to 2 weeks, 30% in 2 to 3 weeks and 20% in 3 to 4 weeks. In group 3, 25% of patients did not continue the trial. Of the remaining patients, 33.3% were cured in one week, 60% in 1 to 2 weeks, and 6.7% in 2 to 3 weeks. Oil of bitter orange produced no side effects except mild irritation seen with the use of the pure form. An in vitro study showed that OBO (natural product) exerts fungistatic and fungicidal activity against a variety of pathogenic dermatophyte species. It is a promising, cheap, and available topical antifungal therapeutic agent.

  4. Mycorrhiza alters the profile of root hairs in trifoliate orange.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Qiang-Sheng; Liu, Chun-Yan; Zhang, De-Jian; Zou, Ying-Ning; He, Xin-Hua; Wu, Qing-Hua

    2016-04-01

    Root hairs and arbuscular mycorrhiza (AM) coexist in root systems for nutrient and water absorption, but the relation between AM and root hairs is poorly known. A pot study was performed to evaluate the effects of four different AM fungi (AMF), namely, Claroideoglomus etunicatum, Diversispora versiformis, Funneliformis mosseae, and Rhizophagus intraradices on root hair development in trifoliate orange (Poncirus trifoliata) seedlings grown in sand. Mycorrhizal seedlings showed significantly higher root hair density than non-mycorrhizal seedlings, irrespective of AMF species. AMF inoculation generally significantly decreased root hair length in the first- and second-order lateral roots but increased it in the third- and fourth-order lateral roots. AMF colonization induced diverse responses in root hair diameter of different order lateral roots. Considerably greater concentrations of phosphorus (P), nitric oxide (NO), glucose, sucrose, indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), and methyl jasmonate (MeJA) were found in roots of AM seedlings than in non-AM seedlings. Levels of P, NO, carbohydrates, IAA, and MeJA in roots were correlated with AM formation and root hair development. These results suggest that AMF could alter the profile of root hairs in trifoliate orange through modulation of physiological activities. F. mosseae, which had the greatest positive effects, could represent an efficient AM fungus for increasing fruit yields or decreasing fertilizer inputs in citrus production.

  5. Phosphorus Recovery Using Zirconium-Loaded Saponified Orange Juice Residue

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harada, Hiroyuki; Kondo, Mitsunori; Biswas, Biplob K.; Ohura, Seichirou; Inoue, Katsutoshi; Ishikawa, Susumu; Kawakita, Hidetaka; Ohto, Keisuke

    Zirconium was immobilized to orange juice residue, to investigate the feasibility of using zirconium-loaded saponified orange juice residue (Zr-SOJR) for phosphorus recovery from secondary effluent and the extraction solution from incinerated sewage sludge ash by using H2SO4 and HCl. These had phosphorus concentrations of 68.2 mg/dm3 and 5.9 mg/dm3, respectively. The phosphorus removal rate secondary effluent increased with an increasing solid/liquid ratio in batch experiments. The adsorption capacity of Zr-SOJR was also compared with those obtained using a synthetic phosphorus solution and using zirconium-loaded ferrite. The prepared absorbent was effective for phosphorus removal and exhibited a reasonably high sorption capacity, twice that of zirconium ferrite. Secondary effluent was treated by packed column, and this reached break-through after 300 bed volumes. The results from phosphorous extraction from the ash indicate that can be treated with acid to efficiently recover phosphorous and thus can be absorbed by Zr-SOJR.

  6. Electro-peroxone treatment of Orange II dye wastewater.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bakheet, Belal; Yuan, Shi; Li, Zhaoxin; Wang, Huijiao; Zuo, Jiane; Komarneni, Sridhar; Wang, Yujue

    2013-10-15

    Degradation of a synthetic azo dye, Orange II, by electro-peroxone (E-peroxone) treatment was investigated. During the E-peroxone process, ozone generator effluent (O2 and O3 gas mixture) was continuously sparged into an electrolysis reactor, which was equipped with a carbon-polytetrafluorethylene (carbon-PTFE) cathode to electrochemically convert the sparged O2 to H2O2. The in-situ generated H2O2 then reacted with the sparged O3 to produce •OH, which can oxidize ozone-refractory organic pollutants effectively. Thus, by simply combining conventional ozonation and electrolysis processes, and using a cathode that can effectively convert O2 to H2O2, the E-peroxone process degraded Orange II much more effectively than the two processes individually. Complete decolorization and 95.7% total organic carbon (TOC) mineralization were obtained after 4 and 45 min of the E-peroxone treatment, respectively. In comparison, only 55.6 and 15.3% TOC were mineralized after 90 min of the individual ozonation and electrolysis treatments, respectively. In addition to its high efficiency, the E-peroxone process was effective over a wide range of pH (3-10) and did not produce any secondary pollutants. The E-peroxone process can thus provide an effective and environmentally-friendly alternative for wastewater treatment. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  7. Hookworm infection and reinfection following treatment among Orang Asli children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Norhayati, M; Oothuman, P; Fatmah, M S; Muzain Minudin, Y; Zainuddin, B

    1995-12-01

    In hookworm endemic areas where sanitation is often wanting, reinfection of treated children is a problem. This study was conducted to enumerate the prevalence and the reinfection rate of hookworm in 193 Orang Asli children following treatment with stat dose of 400mg of albendazole at 2 and 4 months post-treatment. All samples were examined using the Kato-Katz and Harada Mori techniques. The overall initial prevalence was 31.0%, with 27.0% in males and 34.0% in females although there was no statistical difference. Only 7.0% of the children had moderate intensity of infection. The overall infection rate at 2 and 4 months post-treatment was 11.0% and 8.0%. New cases were detected at 1.0% and 5.0% at 2 and 4 months post-treatment period. Reinfection rate 2 months post-treatment was 24.0%, and it was 30.0%, 4 months after treatment. All infection at 2 and 4 months post-treatment were light. Long-term strategies incorporating health education on personal hygiene, provision of toilets and safe water supply need to be adopted in these Orang Asli villages to control rapid reinfection.

  8. Prevalence of bronchial asthma among orang asli in peninsular malaysia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ngui, R; Lim, Y A L; Chow, S C; de Bruyne, J A; Liam, C K

    2011-03-01

    A survey was carried out to determine the prevalence of bronchial asthma and their contributing risk factors among Orang Asli subgroups living in Malaysia using IUATLD questionnaire and spirometry without being discriminatory towards age or gender. Of the 1171 distributed questionnaires, 716 (61.1%) comprising of 62.7% Semai Pahang, 51.3% Temiar, 74.2% Mah Meri, 65.6% Semai Perak, 53.6% Temuan, 53.8% Semelai, 61.1% Jakun and 67.4% Orang Kuala subgroups completed their questionnaire and were included in the data analysis. Participants comprised 549 (76.7%) children and 167 (23.3%) adults, age between 1 to 83 years old, 304 (42.5%) males and 412 (57.5%) females. The overall prevalence of bronchial asthma was 1.4% of which 1.5% was children, 1.3% adults, 1.0% male and 1.7% female, respectively. Of the 8 subgroups surveyed, 5 out of 10 confirmed asthma cases were Semai Pahang, followed by 3 cases among Mah Meri, and one case each among Temuan and Semai Perak subgroups, respectively. This study also demonstrated that the prevalence of self-reported and confirmed bronchial asthma tend to be higher among those who had close contact with pets, smoking individuals and among those who had a family history of asthma.

  9. Photocatalytic decolorization of methyl orange dye using nano-photocatalysts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    amin ahmadpour

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Environmental contamination, which is growing around the world, is a serious problem can not to be neglected. Among all contaminations, water pollution is a major problem. Azo dyes are one of the largest groups of pollutants found in the drinking water, coming from, and the food and textile industries. TiO2/Fe3O4 and TiO2/Fe2O3 nanocomposites with various ratios were synthesized by an ultrasonic-assisted deposition-precipitation method and their UV-light decolorization of methyl orange (MO dye was investigated. The effect of Fe3O4/TiO2 and Fe2O3-TiO2 nanocomposites ratio on the photocatalytic activity and magnetic property of the nanocomposites was studied by comparing their decolorization curves and magnetism in the presence of magnet, respectively. The results revealed that the decolorization efficiency of 1 wt% Fe3O4/TiO2 nanocomposite reached about 40% within 60 min UV irradiation at room temperature. However, this sample showed the least magnetism. Also, the ability of synthesized nanocomposites in holding the adsorbed methyl orange dye on their surface and the effect of pH were investigated.

  10. Genetic signature of anthropogenic population collapse in orang-utans.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benoît Goossens

    2006-02-01

    Full Text Available Great ape populations are undergoing a dramatic decline, which is predicted to result in their extinction in the wild from entire regions in the near future. Recent findings have particularly focused on African apes, and have implicated multiple factors contributing to this decline, such as deforestation, hunting, and disease. Less well-publicised, but equally dramatic, has been the decline in orang-utans, whose distribution is limited to parts of Sumatra and Borneo. Using the largest-ever genetic sample from wild orang-utan populations, we show strong evidence for a recent demographic collapse in North Eastern Borneo and demonstrate that this signature is independent of the mutation and demographic models used. This is the first demonstration that genetic data can detect and quantify the effect of recent, human-induced deforestation and habitat fragmentation on an endangered species. Because current demographic collapses are usually confounded by ancient events, this suggests a much more dramatic decline than demographic data alone and emphasises the need for major conservation efforts.

  11. Genetic Signature of Anthropogenic Population Collapse in Orang-utans.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Great ape populations are undergoing a dramatic decline, which is predicted to result in their extinction in the wild from entire regions in the near future. Recent findings have particularly focused on African apes, and have implicated multiple factors contributing to this decline, such as deforestation, hunting, and disease. Less well-publicised, but equally dramatic, has been the decline in orang-utans, whose distribution is limited to parts of Sumatra and Borneo. Using the largest-ever genetic sample from wild orang-utan populations, we show strong evidence for a recent demographic collapse in North Eastern Borneo and demonstrate that this signature is independent of the mutation and demographic models used. This is the first demonstration that genetic data can detect and quantify the effect of recent, human-induced deforestation and habitat fragmentation on an endangered species. Because current demographic collapses are usually confounded by ancient events, this suggests a much more dramatic decline than demographic data alone and emphasises the need for major conservation efforts.

  12. Las Competencias Legales del Racional en la Organización Administrativa y Contable del Municipio de Valencia (Comienzos del Siglo XVII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Mayordomo García-Chicote

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available La organización administrativa y contable de los mayores municipios españoles, a comienzos del XVII, es un tema que apenas ha sido abordado por los investigadores de la historia de la Contabilidad y del Derecho. En este trabajo se estudian los textos legales (Capitols del Quitament y Ordenanzas de la Taula de Canvis que regulaban aquellas cuestiones en relación con la ciudad de Valencia, y sobre todo se hace un detenido análisis del cargo municipal (el Racional que se responsabilizaba de la contabilidad y el control interno de la Hacienda local. Palabras clave: contabilidad pública, historia de la contabilidad, Valencia, siglo XVII.A serious lack of research con be observed on the administrative and accounting organisation of the main Spanish cities around the beginning of the 17th century. This paper analyses the legal texts (Capitols del Quitament and Ordenanzas de la Taula de Canvis relative to the matter in the city of Valencia. Furthermore, this study is aimed to highlight the characteristics of the Racional who was responsible for the accounting, and internal control of the local finance.

  13. Seismic evidence for the preservation of several stacked Pleistocene coastal barrier/lagoon systems on the Gulf of Valencia continental shelf (western Mediterranean)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Albarracín, Silvia; Alcántara-Carrió, Javier; Barranco, Andrés; Sánchez García, María José; Fontán Bouzas, Ángela; Rey Salgado, Jorge

    2013-04-01

    The focus of this study is the analysis of coastal sand barriers and associated coastal lagoons on the inner continental shelf of the Gulf of Valencia (western Mediterranean), based on two W-E seismic profiles recorded seaward of the Albufera de Valencia coastal lagoon. Seismic facies identified include a number of coastal sand barriers with landward lagoons draped by contemporary continental shelf deposits. The barrier systems have been grouped into two sedimentary systems tracts, the older one corresponding to a prograding/aggrading highstand systems tract involving at least four paleo-coastal sand barrier/lagoon systems, followed landward by a transgressive systems tract comprising three such systems. All the systems have been allocated a Tyrrhenian age, the formation of individual barrier systems having been associated with successive sea-level stillstands, and their present-day position being explained by the very high regional subsidence rate. In summary, this study demonstrates that the Quaternary stratigraphic record of the Gulf of Valencia inner continental shelf is composed of littoral sand facies, in particular coastal sand barrier and lagoon deposits. These findings are in agreement with corresponding observations on other continental shelves of the western Mediterranean, showing that the formation of coastal sand barriers was a characteristic feature of this region during the Quaternary.

  14. ORANGES evaluation phase I risk assessment report : phase I of the US DOT sponsored evaluation of the ORANGES electronic payment system field operational test

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-03-11

    This document is the US DOT evaluation Risk Assessment report for Phase I of the ORANGES field operational test. This document consolidates working papers and incorporates an assessment of issues, risks, mitigation strategies and lessons learned look...

  15. The vitamin C content of orange juice packed in an oxygen scavenger material

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zerdin, K.; Rooney, M.L.; Vermuë, J.

    2003-01-01

    A storage study of orange juice packed in oxygen scavenging (OS) film and oxygen barrier film was conducted to determine the extent of ascorbic acid loss due to oxygen as a function of time and temperature. The initial concentration of ascorbic acid in the orange juice was 374 mg/l and this was

  16. Metabolic engineering of β-carotene in orange fruit increases its in vivo antioxidant properties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pons, Elsa; Alquézar, Berta; Rodríguez, Ana; Martorell, Patricia; Genovés, Salvador; Ramón, Daniel; Rodrigo, María Jesús; Zacarías, Lorenzo; Peña, Leandro

    2014-01-01

    Orange is a major crop and an important source of health-promoting bioactive compounds. Increasing the levels of specific antioxidants in orange fruit through metabolic engineering could strengthen the fruit's health benefits. In this work, we have afforded enhancing the β-carotene content of orange fruit through blocking by RNA interference the expression of an endogenous β-carotene hydroxylase gene (Csβ-CHX) that is involved in the conversion of β-carotene into xanthophylls. Additionally, we have simultaneously overexpressed a key regulator gene of flowering transition, the FLOWERING LOCUS T from sweet orange (CsFT), in the transgenic juvenile plants, which allowed us to obtain fruit in an extremely short period of time. Silencing the Csβ-CHX gene resulted in oranges with a deep yellow ('golden') phenotype and significant increases (up to 36-fold) in β-carotene content in the pulp. The capacity of β-carotene-enriched oranges for protection against oxidative stress in vivo was assessed using Caenorhabditis elegans as experimental animal model. Golden oranges induced a 20% higher antioxidant effect than the isogenic control. This is the first example of the successful metabolic engineering of the β-carotene content (or the content of any other phytonutrient) in oranges and demonstrates the potential of genetic engineering for the nutritional enhancement of fruit tree crops. © 2013 Society for Experimental Biology, Association of Applied Biologists and John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  17. Surficial sediments of the wave-dominated Orange River Delta and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The textural and compositional characteristics of the surficial shelf sediments north and south of the Orange River Delta are reviewed and compared. Sediments are fractionated and dispersed both north- and southwards of the Orange River mouth by wave action, longshore drift and subsurface currents. The mean grain ...

  18. 78 FR 729 - Ellman Battery Superfund Site; Orlando, Orange County, FL; Notice of Settlement

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-04

    ... ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY [FRL-9767-6; CERCLA-04-2012-3780] Ellman Battery Superfund Site; Orlando, Orange County, FL; Notice of Settlement AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION... Action at the Ellman Battery Superfund Site located in Orlando, Orange County, Florida. DATES: The Agency...

  19. Clarification of orange juice by crude fungal pectinase from citrus peel

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Fungal pectinase enzyme was produced by Rhizopus oryzae on a solid culture containing citrus peel of orange (35% w/v). The crude extract with maximum pectinase activity of 1, 360 u/ml was used to clarify orange juice. The yield, turbidity and viscosity as well as pH, total soluble solids, ascorbic acids and total titratable ...

  20. Quantification of Las gene by qPCR from orange juice extracted from Huanglongbing infected fruit

    Science.gov (United States)

    The objective of this research is to establish a methodology to quantify the Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus (CLas) in orange juice as an indicator of orange juice quality. Current standard method for citrus Huanglongbing (HLB) diagnosis is using real-time Polymerase Chain Reaction (qPCR) to quan...