WorldWideScience

Sample records for technology-based small businesses

  1. Small Business Development Center

    Data.gov (United States)

    Small Business Administration — Small Business Development Centers (SBDCs) provide assistance to small businesses and aspiring entrepreneurs throughout the United States and its territories. SBDCs...

  2. Small Business Size Standards

    Data.gov (United States)

    Small Business Administration — Certain government programs, such as SBA loan programs and contracting opportunities, are reserved for small business concerns. In order to qualify, businesses must...

  3. BRANDING IN SMALL BUSINESS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mihai Răzvan Constantin BARBU

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we analyzed the branding in small business. Using a desk research on Internet and the press we have identified the practices small businesses use to enhance their brand and the brand dynamics in small business. Our main contribution is that we tried to figure out the strategy of branding in small business. This need further to be investigated in order to understand how branding works in small business and to better capture the role of branding in small business.

  4. IBM Small Business Survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    International Business Machines Corp., Armonk, NY.

    A telephone survey conducted March 15-22, 1991, examined how small businesses are currently performing. Interviewees were 400 small business owners randomly selected from a Dun and Bradstreet list of companies with 50 or fewer employees. Major findings were as follows: (1) owners were survivors, highly confident in their own abilities, and…

  5. Formal versus informal small businesses

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    There is renewed interest in entrepreneurship, business formation and growth. ... acumen, while small formal businesses show higher levels of growth instigated by an ... Small business support strategies should focus on businesses with ...

  6. Entrepreneurship and small business sustainability

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Southern African Business Review Volume 14 Number 3 2010. Entrepreneurship and small ... 16Key words: entrepreneurship, small business development, business sustainability, competition ...... Boston, MA: Harvard. Business School Press ...

  7. Small business & employment

    OpenAIRE

    Lieshout, Harm van

    2015-01-01

    Understanding SMEs is essential to our aspired succes as an economic partner. Small enterprises are not small big enterprises, and differ substantially among them The key ingredient to our help from education remains the education of a new highly skilled generation of workers … and entrepreneurs. Entrepreneurs do not necessarily want to be employers, and are not necessarily good at it. But to ensure a healthy life in a healthy business, they need to be.

  8. Small Business Innovations

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-01-01

    The purpose of QASE RT is to enable system analysts and software engineers to evaluate performance and reliability implications of design alternatives. The program resulted from two Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) projects. After receiving a description of the system architecture and workload from the user, QASE RT translates the system description into simulation models and executes them. Simulation provides detailed performance evaluation. The results of the evaluations are service and response times, offered load and device utilizations and functional availability.

  9. Small Business's Big Training Needs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelly, Leslie

    1984-01-01

    Discusses the training needs of small businesses in light of their high failure rate (50 percent). Includes characteristics of successful small businesses, potential training needs, training methods, and topics for seminars. (JOW)

  10. 76 FR 8221 - Small Business Size Regulations; 8(a) Business Development/Small Disadvantaged Business Status...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-11

    ... February 11, 2011 Part VII Small Business Administration 13 CFR Parts 121 and 124 Small Business Size Regulations; 8(a) Business Development/Small Disadvantaged Business Status Determinations; Final Rule #0;#0... BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 13 CFR Parts 121 and 124 RIN 3245-AF53 Small Business Size Regulations; 8(a...

  11. 48 CFR 970.1907 - Subcontracting with Small Business, Small Disadvantaged Business and Woman-Owned Small Business...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Business, Small Disadvantaged Business and Woman-Owned Small Business Concerns. 970.1907 Section 970.1907... MANAGEMENT AND OPERATING CONTRACTS Small, Small Disadvantaged and Women-Owned Small Business Concerns 970.1907 Subcontracting with Small Business, Small Disadvantaged Business and Woman-Owned Small...

  12. Monitoring the organizational environment in small businesses: case studies in the metalworking sector and technology-based companies in the central region of the state of São Paulo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tiago Fernando Musetti

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to describe how small businesses monitor competitive environments as an initial step toward the formulation of business strategies. In today’s increasingly volatile and uncertain competitive climate, it is essential to know and monitor the competitive environment in which an organization operates, as a way to reduce uncertainty and ensure long-term survival. Do small enterprises known for their lack of financial resources and qualified personnel fail to monitor their environment? Do they not use the “best practices” used by big enterprises and widely disseminated through academic studies? Such issues led the research. In this article the research method used case studies, in which four owner-managers were interviewed. The data was collected through semi-structured interviews and analyzed using the Content Analyze Method. The results show that the main General Environment variables are Economic and Legal-political, and the main Specific Environment variables are competitors, costumers and substitute products.

  13. Globalization, Entrepreneurship and Small Business

    OpenAIRE

    Stan ªtefania Anca

    2012-01-01

    New product innovation often comes from small business. Most the radical inventions of the last century, such as the computer, come from small companies, not large ones. And this will not change. Globalization will continue to modify and mold the environment or small business and entrepreneurship. The competition from abroad places strong pressure on small business in terms of efficiency, price, quality, cost, control, marketing, expertise, customer satisfaction and innovativeness. Globalizat...

  14. 77 FR 28237 - Small Business Size Regulations; 8(a) Business Development/Small Disadvantaged Business Status...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-14

    ... / Monday, May 14, 2012 / Rules and Regulations#0;#0; ] SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 13 CFR Part 124 RIN 3245-AF53 Small Business Size Regulations; 8(a) Business Development/Small Disadvantaged Business Status Determinations; Correction AGENCY: U.S. Small Business Administration. ACTION: Correcting...

  15. 75 FR 1296 - Small Business Size Regulations; 8(a) Business Development/Small Disadvantaged Business Status...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-11

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 13 CFR Parts 121 and 124 Small Business Size Regulations; 8(a) Business Development/Small Disadvantaged Business Status Determinations AGENCY: U.S. Small Business Administration. ACTION: Notice of...

  16. 科技型小微企业融资难及金融支持--基于微型金融的视角%Financing Difficulty of Technology-based Small and Micro Businesses and Financial Support-Based on the Perspective of Microfinance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱广其

    2014-01-01

    从融资难的实质来看,我国科技型小微企业融资难的原因在于现行金融体系对科技型小微企业的天然排斥。微型金融适应科技型小微企业的融资需求,能够有效解决科技型小微企业融资难题。文章基于微型金融模式的运行,金融支持科技型小微企业发展需要构建微型金融市场、微型金融服务、微型金融政策三者相结合的微型金融体系。%From the view of the essence of financing difficulty, the reason of financing difficulty for China’s technolo⁃gy-based small and micro businesses is the natural repulsion between the current financial system and the businesses. Mi⁃crofinance institution adapts to the financing demand of technology-based small and micro businesses,which can effective⁃ly solve the financing problems of the businesses. Based on the operation of microfinance mode, the microfinance system should be constructed, which is the combination of microfinance market, microfinance services and microfinance polices, in order to support the development of technology-based small and micro businesses.

  17. Small Business Innovation Research and Small Business Technology Transfer Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garrison, Lynn; Jasper, Gwen

    2015-01-01

    The Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR)/Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) programs fund the research, development, and demonstration of innovative technologies that fulfill NASA's needs as described in the annual Solicitations and have significant potential for successful commercialization. The only eligible participants are small business concern (SBC) with 500 or fewer employees or a nonprofit research institute such as a university or a research laboratory with ties to an SBC. These programs are potential sources of seed funding for the development of small business innovations.

  18. 78 FR 11745 - Small Business Size Regulations, Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program and Small...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-20

    ... / Wednesday, February 20, 2013 / Rules and Regulations#0;#0; ] SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 13 CFR Part 121 RIN 3245-AG46 Small Business Size Regulations, Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program and Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) Program; Correction AGENCY: U.S. Small Business...

  19. Hispanic Women Small Business Owners.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarason, Yolanda; Koberg, Christine

    1994-01-01

    A survey of 22 Hispanic women who owned small businesses in a western state found that most were located in metropolitan areas, were new to business ownership, had started the business themselves, engaged in "miscellaneous services," and generated lower than average revenues. Respondents were similar to nonminority owners in educational…

  20. DEVELOPING A TECHNOLOGY-BASED BUSINESS STRATEGY FOR THE INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS OF TELKOM SA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. John

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available

    ENGLISH ABSTRACT: This study was aimed at developing a technology-based business strategy for Telkom’s international business. Deregulation, competition and demand for converging voice, data and video in the telecommunication market were the driving forces behind this study. Without a proper strategy, Telkom will not be able to withstand the new competition. As the initial step in strategy formulation, Telkom’s strategic goals were identified. A SWOT analysis was conducted and a strategy formulation map was developed. A technology balance sheet and S-curve models were developed to analyse the current products and technologies. It become evident through the research that there is a high potential for business expansion into Africa and Telkom has sufficient capabilities to support this. The implementation of voice over Internet protocol technology will enable Telkom to deliver international services at competitive rates. The study concluded by developing a technology strategy for Telkom’s international business. Recommendations are put forward and future research gaps are identified.

    AFRIKAANSE OPSOMMING: Die doel van hierdie studie was om ‘n tegnologie-gebaseerde besigheidstrategie vir Telkom se internasionale besigheid te ontwikkel. Deregulering, mededinging en die vraag na konvergensie van stem, data en video in die telekommunikasiemark was die dryfkragte agter hierdie studie. Sonder ‘n behoorlike strategie sal Telkom nie teen die nuwe mededinging kan staande bly nie. As eerste stap in die formulering van ‘n strategie, is Telkom se doelwitte geïdentifiseer. ‘n SWOT-analise is uitgevoer en ‘n strategieformuleringskaart is ontwikkel. ‘n Tegnologiebalansstaat en S-krommemodelle is ontwikkel om die bestaande produkte en tegnologieë te ontleed. Hierdie navorsing het aangetoon dat daar ‘n hoë potensiaal vir uitbreiding van Telkom se besigheid in Afrika bestaan en dat Telkom genoegsame vermoëns besit om dit te

  1. Department of the Navy Small Business Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-08-13

    small business concerns and to women -owned small business concerns eligible under the Women -Owned Small Business Program. The dollar...2014 For All US-Based Women Owned Small Business Awards Over $ 200M Over $ 100M Over...Department of the Navy Small Business Programs Gold Coast August 13, 2014 Report Documentation Page Form ApprovedOMB No. 0704-0188

  2. KI BS企业嵌入强度对科技型小微企业技术创新绩效影响研究%Research on Affection of the KIBS Enterprises Embedding Strength to the Technology Innovation Performance of Technology-based Small and Micro Businesses

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱霞; 路正南

    2014-01-01

    针对当前对知识密集型服务企业和科技型小微企业互动关系研究的不足,引入关系强度概念,探讨了在创新网络中知识密集型服务企业嵌入关系强度、组织学习能力、科技型小微企业技术创新绩效之间的关系,以江苏省科技型小微企业为样本,对研究假设进行实证检验。研究发现:知识密集型服务企业嵌入对科技型小微企业技术创新绩效有促进作用;关系强度(包括强关系和弱关系)对科技型小微企业技术创新绩效有正向影响,强关系对突破性技术创新绩效有明显促进作用,弱关系对渐进性技术创新绩效有明显促进作用,组织学习能力在关系强度与技术创新绩效间发挥中介调节作用。%This paper compensates the neglecting of knowledge intensive business services (KIBS)and technology based small and micro businesses interaction research,introduce the relation strength concept,discusses the relationship of KIBS embedding strength,organizational learning capability,technology-based small and micro businesses technical inno-vation performance in the innovation networks.It choose science and technology small and micro businesses in Jiangsu as a research subj ect.Result shows that:the embedding of KIBS has positive effects on technological innovation performance of the scientific and technological small and micro businesses ;tie strength (subdivided into strong ties and weak ties)has a positive impact on technological innovation performance.Strong ties have positive impact on breakthrough technology in-novation performance,and it have stronger impact than weak ties,weak ties have positive impact on incremental technolo-gy innovation performance,and have stronger impact than strong ties.Organizational learning capability plays a role of me-diator and moderator between the tie strength and technological innovation performance.

  3. 78 FR 48537 - Small Business Innovation Research and Small Business Technology Transfer Programs...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-08

    ... ADMINISTRATION Small Business Innovation Research and Small Business Technology Transfer Programs... Administration (SBA) is publishing the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) and Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) program Commercialization Benchmark for the 11 participating agencies for public comment...

  4. Small business & employment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lieshout, Harm van

    2015-01-01

    Understanding SMEs is essential to our aspired succes as an economic partner. Small enterprises are not small big enterprises, and differ substantially among them The key ingredient to our help from education remains the education of a new highly skilled generation of workers … and entrepreneurs.

  5. Introduction: innovation and small business

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A.R. Thurik (Roy)

    1996-01-01

    textabstractThis paper introduces the special issue of Small Business Economics on Innovation. What binds the papers together is either their focus on the effect of firm size on the causes and consequences of innovation or their focus on the role small firms play in reshaping the industrial landscap

  6. Introduction: innovation and small business

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A.R. Thurik (Roy)

    1996-01-01

    textabstractThis paper introduces the special issue of Small Business Economics on Innovation. What binds the papers together is either their focus on the effect of firm size on the causes and consequences of innovation or their focus on the role small firms play in reshaping the industrial

  7. 76 FR 74749 - Small Business Subcontracting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-01

    ... small business subcontracting plan is required, currently valued above $1.5 million for construction and... contracting officer is responsible for monitoring and evaluating small business subcontracting plan...; ] SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 13 CFR Parts 121 and 125 RIN 3245-AG22 Small Business...

  8. Business Survival and Success of Young Small Business Owners

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Praag, C.M.

    2003-01-01

    Little empirical evidence provides insight in person-oriented drivers of business survival and success of small business owners. In this paper I perform a duration analysis of business survival amongst young white (selfemployed) small business owners in the U.S. Compulsory exits are distinguished fr

  9. Business Survival and Success of Young Small Business Owners

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Praag, C.M.

    2003-01-01

    Little empirical evidence provides insight in person-oriented drivers of business survival and success of small business owners. In this paper I perform a duration analysis of business survival amongst young white (selfemployed) small business owners in the U.S. Compulsory exits are distinguished

  10. Business Survival and Success of Young Small Business Owners

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Praag, C.M.

    2003-01-01

    Little empirical evidence provides insight in person-oriented drivers of business survival and success of small business owners. In this paper I perform a duration analysis of business survival amongst young white (selfemployed) small business owners in the U.S. Compulsory exits are distinguished fr

  11. Old but sexy: Value creation of old technology-based businesses models

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oke Christian Beckmann

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to contribute to a better understanding of the strategic and organisational con gurations that companies can use to generate value with product-market systems and their busi- ness models that have been dominant in the past but forced back into niche positions by innovation. The former dominant music format vinyl was rapidly substituted after the introduction of digital music. However, still nowadays some customers use and buy old technology-based products – vinyl sales boom again since 2007. Due to the two-sided nature of the market, customers have to get access to complementary goods. We are thus interested in technologies which have been outdated by the emergence of new technologies. The originality lies in the combination of the two areas: business models and old technologies. Furthermore, vinyl is an example not analysed in depth by scholars so far. We approached this by undertaking an in-depth literature review to generate hypotheses regarding the value-adding activities of old-technology based businesses as a basis for further research in this area. In addition the paper gives insights into the constellations to be expected over time for old technology-based businesses models in platform markets. We here focus on a neglected topic in the strategy literature which, however, bears relevance for many businesses locked into product-market systems which make it hard for them to (completely switch to a new technology emerging in the market. It is especially valuable to describe the consequences in a systematic fashion.

  12. Calculator. Owning a Small Business.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parma City School District, OH.

    Seven activities are presented in this student workbook designed for an exploration of small business ownership and the use of the calculator in this career. Included are simulated situations in which students must use a calculator to compute property taxes; estimate payroll taxes and franchise taxes; compute pricing, approximate salaries,…

  13. 77 FR 30227 - Small Business Size Regulations, Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program and Small...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-22

    ... (SBIR) Program and Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) Program AGENCY: U.S. Small Business... (SBIR) and Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) Programs. The proposed rule would implement... technological constraints, participation is limited to 125 registrants for the Webinar. If demand...

  14. Business Inspiration: Small Business Leadership in Recovery?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rae, David; Price, Liz; Bosworth, Gary; Parkinson, Paul

    2012-01-01

    Business Inspiration was a short, action-centred leadership and innovation development programme designed for owners and managers of smaller firms to address business survival and repositioning needs arising from the UK's economic downturn. The article examines the design and delivery of Business Inspiration and the impact of the programme on…

  15. Small Group Activities for Introductory Business Classes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mundrake, George

    1999-01-01

    Describes numerous small-group activities for the following areas of basic business education: consumer credit, marketing, business organization, entrepreneurship, insurance, risk management, economics, personal finance, business careers, global markets, and government regulation. (SK)

  16. 77 FR 46909 - Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program and Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-06

    ... Innovation Research (SBIR) Program and Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) Program Policy Directives... Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) and Small Business Technology Transfer Program (STTR) Policy... technology@sba.gov . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: I. Background Information SBA is publishing Policy Directives...

  17. 78 FR 59798 - Small Business Subcontracting: Correction

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-30

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 13 CFR Part 125 RIN 3245-AG22 Small Business Subcontracting: Correction AGENCY: U.S. Small..., 2013 (78 FR 42391). The document amended SBA's regulations governing small business subcontracting...

  18. Document management for small business

    OpenAIRE

    Valkonen, Juho

    2015-01-01

    The objective of the thesis was to find out the most important things about document management which are needed for selecting a proper document management system for a small business. The thesis explores several document management systems and the differences between them. The goal of the development project was to find the most suitable system for the client and to define document management processes for the company. The theory part of the thesis focuses on different document manageme...

  19. 78 FR 77352 - Small Business Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-23

    ... required by Federal law, NASA's general policy for small business programs is described in 48 CFR part 1819... SPACE ADMINISTRATION 14 CFR Part 1204 RIN 2700-AD97 Small Business Policy AGENCY: National Aeronautics... establishes NASA's small business policy and outlines the delegation of authority to implement this policy,...

  20. Market Segmentation in Business Technology Base: The Case of Segmentation of Sparkling

    OpenAIRE

    Valéria Riscarolli; Universidade Nove de Julho - UNINOVE; Sandra Regina Silva dos Santos Souza; Universidade Nove de Julho - UNINOVE; Leonel Cezar Rodrigues; Universidade Nove de Julho - UNINOVE; Fabrícia Durieux Zucco; FURB e UNIVALI

    2014-01-01

    A common market segmentation premise for products and services rules consumer behavior as the segmentation center piece. Would this be the logic for segmentation used by small technology based companies? In this article we target at determining the principles of market segmentation used by a vitiwinery company, as research object. This company is recognized by its products excellence, either in domestic as well as in the foreign market, among 13 distinct countries. The research method used is...

  1. 78 FR 59410 - Small Business Innovation Research and Small Business Technology Transfer Programs...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-26

    ... ADMINISTRATION Small Business Innovation Research and Small Business Technology Transfer Programs... period for the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) and Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR... Street SW., Washington, DC 20416; or send an email to Technology@sba.gov . Highlight the information that...

  2. Small Business Social Responsibility Communication

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Morsing, Mette; Spence, Laura J.

    2015-01-01

    of conduct and CSR reporting (i.e. CSR as a “regime of truth”, Foucault) and an internally prescribed ethos of a personal philosophy of ethics and norms such as family identity and employee values, concern for local community and legacy of the company (i.e. CSR as personally held values). We contribute......Purpose: Corporate social responsibility communication by small and medium sized enterprises is theorized to form the concept of Small Business Social Responsibility (SBSR) Communication. Design/methodology/approach: This is a conceptual paper that draws on Foucault’s theory of governmentality...... to develop a theoretical explanation for SBSR communication. Findings: Our analysis conceptualizes the ‘governmentality dilemma’ as SBSR managers face two simultaneous and potentially counterproductive expectations: responding to externally prescribed expectations, norms and standards such as branding, codes...

  3. Small Business Social Responsibility Communication

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Morsing, Mette; Spence, Laura J.

    2015-01-01

    /implications: The conceptualization of SBSR communication would be enhanced by in-depth, nuanced empirical research. Practical implications: This paper has policy implications for those seeking to understand CSR among SMEs using formal communication mechanisms as a metric and control. Our paper suggests this to be an inadequate......Purpose: Corporate social responsibility communication by small and medium sized enterprises is theorized to form the concept of Small Business Social Responsibility (SBSR) Communication. Design/methodology/approach: This is a conceptual paper that draws on Foucault’s theory of governmentality...... to develop a theoretical explanation for SBSR communication. Findings: Our analysis conceptualizes the ‘governmentality dilemma’ as SBSR managers face two simultaneous and potentially counterproductive expectations: responding to externally prescribed expectations, norms and standards such as branding, codes...

  4. Family Factors in Small Family Business Growth

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Jim Cater; Marilyn Young

    2016-01-01

    .... We suggest that while all three patterns of small family business growth may lead to individual company success and sustainability, businesses with units in multiple trade areas may be most adept at managing the six family factors.

  5. 76 FR 28623 - Small Business Week, 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-18

    ... until they see it through. From the family businesses that anchor Main Street to the high-tech startups that keep America on the cutting edge, small businesses are the backbone of our economy and...

  6. Business models and leadership styles in small medical device and bio-science businesses--examples in a region and their implications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, D J; Hourd, P C

    2004-01-01

    This paper reviews the leadership styles and business models found in small technologically based businesses operating in the healthcare sector within one of the UK regions, the East Midlands. The most frequently encountered business model strands were 1) mixed economies: that fund development with service income; cross-sectoral product portfolios; and decoupled business portfolios led by a single entrepreneur and 2) scale sensitive "stay small" models including the avoidance of venture capital; "early exit"; and virtual business strands. There was found to be little correlation between leadership style and business model for the small number of businesses surveyed. The avoidance of venture capital is in direct contrast to adjacent regions.

  7. Mastering Microsoft Windows Small Business Server 2008

    CERN Document Server

    Johnson, Steven

    2010-01-01

    A complete, winning approach to the number one small business solution. Do you have 75 or fewer users or devices on your small-business network? Find out how to integrate everything you need for your mini-enterprise with Microsoft's new Windows Server 2008 Small Business Server, a custom collection of server and management technologies designed to help small operations run smoothly without a giant IT department. This comprehensive guide shows you how to master all SBS components as well as handle integration with other Microsoft technologies.: Focuses on Windows Server 2008 Small Business Serv

  8. Mutual Guarantee Institutions and Small Business Finance

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Columba, F.; Gambacorta, L.; Mistrulli, P.E.

    2009-01-01

    A large literature showed that small firms experience difficulties in accessing the credit market due to informational asymmetries; these may be mitigated by collateral or relationship lending, possibilities often precluded to small business. We investigate the effect on small business finance of an

  9. Mutual Guarantee Institutions and Small Business Finance

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Columba, F.; Gambacorta, L.; Mistrulli, P.E.

    2009-01-01

    A large literature showed that small firms experience difficulties in accessing the credit market due to informational asymmetries; these may be mitigated by collateral or relationship lending, possibilities often precluded to small business. We investigate the effect on small business finance of an

  10. IMPROVEMENT OF SMALL BUSINESS CREDIT IN RUSSIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Klimova N. V.

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Small business is the basis for the development of the national economy, providing 60% of revenues in foreign countries. In Russia, this sector is developing slowly due to lack of funding. In connection with the development of small business, lending is growing in popularity in this sphere. The state develops a variety of programs to support small businesses in the form of public and private lending institutions, venture capital funds, credit unions. However, the volume of lending to small business remains relatively low, due to mistrust of banks and credit organizations in the sphere of small business. Nevertheless, it is here, according to statistics, the debt on loans is only 1.5% of the total. The article describes the features of small business lending, it analyzes the dynamics of the volume of loans granted, and the amount of debt, identifies main obstacles to obtaining loans to entrepreneurs, gives the analysis of credit conditions of small business in Russia and Germany. The problem of credit was considered from two perspectives: from the perspective of credit institutions and the banks themselves. We have developed measures to improve credit conditions, which must take into account not only credit institutions but also the state. It is necessary to provide tax incentives, encouraging the establishment and development of insurance business associations, to support the creation of specialized banks lending to small businesses, the development of cooperation of small and large banks to increase bank lending and reduce credit risks

  11. The Innovation Types Evaluation of Small Business

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Wen-jie; TANG Bing-yong; Ronald K. Mitchell; XING Xi-rong

    2002-01-01

    The technology innovation and technology innovation capability plays an important role in management study of small business's growth and development. In this paper, the types of innovation in small business are discussed. Then, a hierarchy comprehensive fuzzy index system evaluating the types of small businesses is proposed. Because of the fuzziness of 15 factors used to analyze the small business, L-R fuzzy number is applied to describe the basic fuzzy state index. Furthermore, the corresponding fuzzy evaluation algorithm is designed. An application example indicated the effects of the methods.

  12. Sometimes Overlooked: Women's Small Business Development Center.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lariviere, Elizabeth A.

    2001-01-01

    Describes the development and growth of the Western Reserve Small Business Development Center for Women (Ohio), which promotes the advancement of women-owned businesses in the Northeastern Ohio region by assisting women in starting and maintaining their own businesses. States that the center offers low-cost training programs and counseling by a…

  13. Training the Trainers for Small Business.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gibb, Allan A.

    1990-01-01

    Training for small businesses requires an entrepreneurial rather than a conventional approach. Critical trainer competencies include profiling the business, segmenting the market, understanding the business development process, introducing the relevant environment, delivering enterprise skills training, and teaching across the board. (SK)

  14. Learning and Training: Enhancing Small Business Success.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kilpatrick, Sue; Crowley, Suzanne

    Owners or managers of 181 Australian businesses employing fewer than 20 people in the construction, manufacturing, property and business services, and retail industries in 3 metropolitan and 3 nonmetropolitan locations were interviewed by telephone to identify how they used training to enhance their small business's success. Of those surveyed,…

  15. FACTORS CRISIS OF SMALL BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. I. Khorev

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Today it became clear that Russia needs not only economic growth, but also economic growth of a certain quality. Re¬gions are not an exception, since they are the most vulnerable to changes in market conditions resource exports. The main economic indicators for larger regions of the country should become entrepreneurs. The main economic indicators for larger regions of the country should become entrepreneurs. Not accidentally retrospective analysis of the evolutionary development of small business shows that the most important role in the economic development of Europe and America have played and continue to play a small business. Results of activity of small businesses are generally positive; the country saw an increase in the main indicators: the number of small enterprises, the average number of employees in small enterprises, turnover of small businesses and investments in fixed assets. The statistics of recent years show a decline of interest in the business population. Number of small businesses created in the last few years there has been a downward trend, while the proportion of surviving for three years after their registration is low. The greatest negative impact on the business affairs of the factors of regulatory and administrative regulation of small business, corruption and bribery of officials and the activities of control and inspection bodies. Addressing these challenges will require proper coordination of regional and local resources in building infrastructure, forming investment mechanisms to support small enterprises, the development of the entrepreneurial potential of the population.

  16. 47 CFR 101.1107 - Bidding credits for very small businesses, small businesses and entrepreneurs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ..., small businesses and entrepreneurs. 101.1107 Section 101.1107 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS... Procedures for LMDS § 101.1107 Bidding credits for very small businesses, small businesses and entrepreneurs.... (c) A winning bidder that qualifies as an entrepreneur, as defined in § 101.1112, or a consortium...

  17. Small Business Administration Semiannual Regulatory Agenda

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-20

    ... address teams and joint ventures of small businesses and the requirement that each federal agency must... for teaming and joint ventures involving small businesses. Timetable: Action Date FR Cite NPRM 01/00... (NAICS) Sector 72, Accommodation and Food Services -- namely NAICS 721110, Hotels and Motels, from $7.0...

  18. Environmental Education and Small Business Environmental Activity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Redmond, Janice; Walker, Beth

    2011-01-01

    Environmental education is seen as a key driver of small business environmental management, yet little is known about the activities small business owner-managers are undertaking to reduce their environmental impact or in what areas they may need education. Therefore, research that can identify environmental management activities being undertaken…

  19. 75 FR 29393 - Small Business Week, 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-26

    ... heart of the American dream. They are the backbone of our Nation's economy, they employ tens of millions... small businesses drive our economy toward recovery and long- term growth. The American Recovery and... a proud reflection of our character. A healthy small business sector will give us vibrant...

  20. Developing a Small Business Regulatory System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Geoff Miller

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available IntroductionThank you for inviting me to share my thoughts on what the government is doing to reduce the burden on small business. I also look forward to hearing the other speakers talk about how to make the regulatory system more responsive and relevant to business needs.It is more than a year since the fall of Lehman Brothers and the beginning of the Australian Government’s response to the global financial crisis.Today, the Australian economy is showing encouraging signs of recovery. The Government’s policy responses have been largely responsible for placing Australia in a better position than most countries around the world.The Mid-Year Economic and Fiscal Outlook (MYEFO (released earlier this month showed that the economy is performing much better than was forecast in the last Budget — MYEFO shows that Australia is the only advanced economy to have recorded positive growth through the year to June 2009. MYEFO also upgraded the growth forecasts for the following two years with consequental falls in the expected peak unemployment rate.Although this is good news, the GFC has clearly affected, and is continuing to impact on, small business.A number of Australian Chamber of Commerce and Industry surveys have reported large falls in small business confidence and conditions throughout 2008 and early 2009. However, the August ACCI Small Business Survey reports that, while conditions for small business are expected to remain challenging, conditions are stabilising.This good news is supported by the most recent Commonwealth Bank – ACCI Business Expectations Survey, which shows that small, medium and large businesses are expecting business conditions to improve significantly during this quarter.It is true that small businesses succeed or fail on the creativity, ingenuity, innovation and imagination of their owners and staff. It is also true that small businesses are notoriously time poor. When considering ways to improve the regulatory

  1. APPLICATION OF THE MODEL CERNE FOR THE ESTABLISHMENT OF CRITERIA INCUBATION SELECTION IN TECHNOLOGY BASED BUSINESSES : A STUDY IN INCUBATORS OF TECHNOLOGICAL BASE OF THE COUNTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clobert Jefferson Passoni

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Business incubators are a great source of encouragement for innovative projects, enabling the development of new technologies, providing infrastructure, advice and support, which are key elements for the success of new business. The technology-based firm incubators (TBFs, which are 154 in Brazil. Each one of them has its own mechanism for the selection of the incubation companies. Because of the different forms of management of incubators, the business model CERNE - Reference Center for Support for New Projects - was created by Anprotec and Sebrae, in order to standardize procedures and promote the increase of chances for success in the incubations. The objective of this study is to propose selection criteria for the incubation, considering CERNE’s five dimensions and aiming to help on the decision-making in the assessment of candidate companies in a TBF incubator. The research was conducted from the public notices of 20 TBF incubators, where 38 selection criteria were identified and classified. Managers of TBF incubators validated 26 criteria by its importance via online questionnaires. As a result, favorable ratings were obtained to 25 of them. Only one criterion differed from the others, with a unfavorable rating.

  2. Compliance Costs of Regulation for Small Business

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Phil Lewis

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available There has been growing concern about the extent of government regulation in Australia and its impact on small business. This paper examines the results of a survey of small businesses in NSW and Victoria regarding their experiences relating to compliance with government regulation, the costs to business, and factors inhibiting performance. The paper describes the development of the survey instrument, the administration of the survey, a description of the sample, results of the quantitative part of the survey, and an overview of business owners’ comments provided by respondents.

  3. 48 CFR 752.219-8 - Utilization of small business concerns and small disadvantaged business concerns.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... business concerns and small disadvantaged business concerns. 752.219-8 Section 752.219-8 Federal Acquisition Regulations System AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT CLAUSES AND FORMS SOLICITATION PROVISIONS AND CONTRACT CLAUSES Texts of Provisions and Clauses 752.219-8 Utilization of small business...

  4. 11th Annual Small Business Conference :Army and Small Business: Success Thru Partnership

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-08

    Untitled Document 11th Annual Small Business Conference.html[5/26/2016 3:01:59 PM] “Army and Small Business : Success Thru Partnership” Tysons...AMC “Keys to Small Business Success ” , Dr. Marvin Carroll, CEO, Tec-Masters, Inc Panel: “Assistance and Opportunities” “MRAP Business Opportunities...p.m. Reception CO NF ER EN CE A GE ND A: Theme: “Army and Small Business : Success Thru Partnership” During conference registration and check-in

  5. 7 CFR 2.88 - Director, Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... deposits, and grants and loan activities affecting small and minority businesses including women-owned business, and the small business, small minority business, and small women-owned business subcontracting... disadvantaged, and women-owned businesses with the Small Business......

  6. Corruption, the business environment, and small business growth in India

    OpenAIRE

    Honorati, Maddalena; Mengistae, Taye

    2007-01-01

    This paper estimates a dynamic business growth equation on a sample of small-scale manufacturers. The results suggest that excessive labor regulation, power shortages, and problems of access to finance are significant influences on industrial growth in India. The expected annual sales growth rate of an enterprise is lower where labor regulation is greater, power shortages are more severe, and cash flow constraints are stronger. The effects of each of the three factors on business growth seem ...

  7. Small Business Administration Semiannual Regulatory Agenda

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-26

    ... Agency Contact: James W. Hammersley, Deputy Assistant Administrator, Office of Policy and Strategic... Required: Yes Agency Contact: Bryan Hooper, Director, Office of Credit Risk Management, Small Business....hooper@sba.gov RIN: 3245-AE14 292. 8(A) BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT Legal Authority: 15 USC 634(b)(6), 636(j...

  8. The Ethical Dilemma in Globalizing Small Businesses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacob C. Nganga

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper is largely a theoretical exposition of ethical challenges that stifle the participation of smallbusinesses in the global value chains with particular reference to businesses in developing countries. Smallbusinessclusters in developing economies, remain locked in low-quality products and low-income markets.With little innovation, small business lack capacity to produce goods that can attract foreign demand. Yet,small enterprises must provide productive employment for an increasing number of job-seekers in thesecountries. Innovation growth in small enterprises is normally limited to apprenticeship process and as such,results in a dead-end to progress of indigenous technology. To promote creation and growth of small business,efforts are required to put the small business clusters in a global value chain as this enhances possibilities ofnew market avenues and as well as benching market indigenous innovative efforts to international standards.Exposure of small business to global market also encourages networks formations which are conduits of skillsfor quality improvement and valuation of products from the sector. However, the quest for improving theparticipation and market share of small business is faced with challenges that stem from the way the process ofglobalization has taken place over time. To overcome these globalization challenges, policy makers mustcontend with ethical issues that require to be addressed through consultative efforts at international arena.

  9. An evaluation of small businesses in Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seyed Mohammad karimi

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available As one of the most important and fundamental issues, employment is an indicator of development and welfare in any country. Due to the rapid growth of population over the past decades in Iran, investigating unemployment and the obstacles hindering employment is of paramount importance. In this study, a questionnaire was used and a group of experts were interviewed in order to identify four groups of legal, economic, social as well as individual factors, which could improve or hinder the growth of small businesses and self-employment. In this paper, having determined the factors influencing the expansion or downsizing the small businesses, the entrepreneurs, agents supporting small businesses, and the members of employment groups in Mazandaran Province, Iran rated the four categories. Finally, the most important growth factors or challenges faced by small businesses from the three aforementioned perspectives were compared.

  10. Small Business and the Risk Management Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    This factsheet helps small businesses comply with the regulation requiring companies that use regulated substances, hazardous chemical such as ammonia and chlorine, to develop a risk management plan, to help prevent accidental toxic or flammable releases.

  11. Start small and build toward business intelligence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirby, Sean; Robertson, Brian

    2009-01-01

    To use business intelligence effectively, healthcare organizations should start small, align organizationally, and leverage success. Organizations should determine which measures they need and how to present them. Organizations should reinvest savings to continually improve.

  12. Cooperative and networking strategies in small business

    CERN Document Server

    Ferreira, João

    2017-01-01

    The book aims to collect the most recent research and best practices in the cooperative and networking small business field identifying new theoretical models and describing the relationship between cooperation and networks in the small business strategy context. It examines different concepts and analytical techniques better understand the links between cooperative strategies and networks in small business. It also studies the existing economic conditions of network and strategic implications to small business from the point of view of their internal and external consistency. Cooperation and networks is a fashionable topic. It is receiving increasing attention in popular management publications, as well as specialized academic journals. Cooperation between firms and industries is a means of leveraging and aggregating knowledge also generating direct benefits in terms of innovation, productivity and competitiveness. Various options and decisions made within the framework of strategic alliances may be identifi...

  13. 78 FR 70847 - Small Business Size Standards; Manufacturing; Correction

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-27

    ... RIN 3245-AG47 Small Business Size Standards; Manufacturing; Correction AGENCY: U.S. Small Business... small business size standards. In FR Doc. 2012-19973 appearing on page 49991 of the August 20,...

  14. The Ethical Perceptions of Small Business Owners

    OpenAIRE

    Aydemir, Muzaffer

    2006-01-01

    This paper reports the findings of an investigation into the ethical perceptions of small business owner/managers. The study has been conducted in Northwest region of Turkey and is the first investigation of ethical perceptions in Turkey. More than 99 percent of the companies in Turkey are small businesses and they play a key role in driving sustainable economic growth and job creation. However, they remain the largely unexplored area of ethics. Most of the findings of this stu...

  15. 48 CFR 52.219-9 - Small business subcontracting plan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Clauses 52.219-9 Small business subcontracting plan. As prescribed in 19.708(b), insert the following clause: Small Business Subcontracting Plan (OCT 2010) (a) This clause does not apply to small business... business, and women-owned small business concerns. If the offeror is submitting an individual contract...

  16. Market Segmentation in Business Technology Base: The Case of Segmentation of Sparkling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valéria Riscarolli

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available A common market segmentation premise for products and services rules consumer behavior as the segmentation center piece. Would this be the logic for segmentation used by small technology based companies? In this article we target at determining the principles of market segmentation used by a vitiwinery company, as research object. This company is recognized by its products excellence, either in domestic as well as in the foreign market, among 13 distinct countries. The research method used is a case study, through information from the company’s CEOs and crossed by primary information from observation and formal registries and documents of the company. In this research we look at sparkling wines market segmentation. Main results indicate that the winery studied considers only technological elements as the basis to build a market segment. One may conclude that a market segmentation for this company is based upon technological dominion of sparkling wines production, aligned with a premium-price policy. In the company, directorship believes that as sparkling wines market is still incipient in the country, sparkling wine market segments will form and consolidate after the evolution of consumers tasting preferences, depending on technologies that boost sparkling wines quality. 

  17. Transforming a small business: A learning intervention

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dirk J. Geldenhuys

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Orientation: This article reports on a learning intervention in a brokers company with fewer than 50 employees. A rich description of the participants’ experience is provided. Research purpose: The purpose of the study was to explore the use of an experiential learning process during an organisation development (OD intervention in a small business by means of a case study.Motivation for the study: This study explored the important role of small businesses; the role of management; and, more specifically, organisation development models that were developed for large corporations; as these emphasise the need to study the purpose of organisation development interventions in small businesses.Research design, approach and method: The study reported on in this article was a qualitative case study in a small brokers company with 21 staff members. The data were analysed manually by means of qualitative content analysis.Main findings: The main finding of the research concerned how experiential learning intervention provided a space for participants to start exploring, and gradually changing the dynamics of their small business, by transforming their business into a more formal company.Practical/managerial implications: The primary implication is that experiential learning interventions that are operationalised, from a psychodynamic perspective, can be valuable when consulted by small businesses during their transformation towards becoming more formal companies.Contribution/value-add: This article contributes to the OD literature on small businesses, with fewer than 50 employees, by providing data on how the learning process, that commenced during an experiential learning intervention, assisted a small company to develop its identity towards that of a more formal company.

  18. International Trade: A Small Business Primer. Growing Businesses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Axtell, Roger E.

    The United States' declining share of world trade is connected with the fact that hundreds of thousands of medium- and small-sized businesses are ignoring trade and exports. The cure for their fear of the unknown is information and education. Exports have a number of advantages: increased profits, spread of overhead costs, smooth seasonal…

  19. Corruption, Business Environment, and Small Business Fixed Investment in India

    OpenAIRE

    Honorati, Maddalena; Mengistae, Taye

    2007-01-01

    This paper estimates a structural dynamic business investment equation and an error correction model of fixed assets growth on a sample of predominantly small and mid-size manufacturers in India. The results suggest that excessive labor regulation, power shortages, and problems of access to finance are all significant factors in industrial growth in the country. The estimated effects of la...

  20. 13 CFR 101.500 - Small Business Energy Efficiency Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... develop a strategy to educate, encourage, and assist small business concerns in adopting energy efficient... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Small Business Energy Efficiency Program. 101.500 Section 101.500 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION...

  1. Issues in contracting with small minority businesses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wood, M.T.; Radford, M.L.; Saari, L.M.; Wright, J.

    1986-04-01

    The focus of this investigation was to identify issues central to increasing the involvement of small minority businesses (MBs) in federal or prime contracts with the Department of Energy (DOE), as a foundation for designing a program to assist buyers of contracted goods and services. The approach to determining issues involved interviewing the owners of 15 MBs, representing a range of businesses, and buyers and purchasing officers from three large DOE prime contractors. The interviewees identified issues related to positive working relationships and rated a predetermined set of 27 potential MB-DOE problems regarding their existence and criticalness. The issues identified by MBs were of two broad types. The predominant issues and barriers were associated with their being small businesses. Secondary issues reflected the disadvantaged status of the business (woman and/or minority-owned).

  2. 76 FR 27935 - Small Business Size Standards: Transportation and Warehousing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-13

    ... business size standards. In this proposed rule, SBA has applied its methodology that pertains to... on Federal small businesses assistance. Size Standards Methodology SBA has prepared a ``Size... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS...

  3. An Exploratory Study on Small Business Website Creation and Usage

    OpenAIRE

    Chuleeporn Changchit; Tim Klaus

    2015-01-01

    This study aims at exploring the factors related to the implementation of E-commerce websites by small business owners. While large organizations often consider E-commerce as a fundamental piece of their business strategy, small businesses place varying degrees of importance on E-commerce as a strategic tool to business success. Through a survey of small businesses, this study examines the creation and usage of E-commerce websites for small businesses. For companies with only a web presence, ...

  4. 76 FR 12395 - Small Business Jobs Act Implementation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-07

    ... ADMINISTRATION Small Business Jobs Act Implementation AGENCY: U.S. Small Business Administration. ACTION: Notice... series of public meetings on its implementation of the Small Business Jobs Act. These public meetings... other program enhancements enacted in the Small Business Jobs Act. DATES: The meetings will be held...

  5. 48 CFR 1809.206-70 - Small businesses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Small businesses. 1809.206...-70 Small businesses. If a small business otherwise eligible for award has been placed in a special... that the small business does not appear to have the capacity to perform, the certificate of...

  6. 75 FR 77934 - Small Business Information Security Task Force

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-14

    ... ADMINISTRATION Small Business Information Security Task Force AGENCY: U.S. Small Business Administration. ACTION... Small Business Information Security Task Force Meeting. DATES: 1 p.m., Wednesday, November 10, 2010... meeting minutes for the second meeting of the Small Business Information Security Task Force....

  7. 76 FR 5232 - Small Business Information Security Task Force

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-28

    ... ADMINISTRATION Small Business Information Security Task Force AGENCY: U.S. Small Business Administration. ACTION... Small Business Information Security Task Force Meeting. DATES: 1 p.m., Wednesday, December 8, 2010... meeting minutes for the third meeting of the Small Business Information Security Task Force....

  8. 76 FR 11307 - Small Business Information Security Task Force

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-01

    ... ADMINISTRATION Small Business Information Security Task Force AGENCY: U.S. Small Business Administration. ACTION... Small Business Information Security Task Force Meeting. DATES: 1 p.m., Wednesday, January 12, 2011... meeting minutes for the third meeting of the Small Business Information Security Task Force. Chairman,...

  9. 75 FR 70764 - Small Business Information Security Task Force

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-18

    ... ADMINISTRATION Small Business Information Security Task Force AGENCY: U.S. Small Business Administration. ACTION... Small Business Information Security Task Force Meeting. DATES: 1 p.m., Wednesday, October 13, 2010... meeting minutes for the first meeting of the Small Business Information Security Task Force....

  10. Small business, cash budgets and general practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jackson, A R

    1991-01-01

    In practice management, general practice falls into the category of small business with all its attendant generic problems. Disciplined planning and good financial management are not often seen in small business. These are required if general practitioners are to continue (or return to) the provision of high quality medical services. An effective budget process, especially cash-flow budgeting, is the key to successful planning and financial management. Budgeting will bring Control, Co-ordination, and Credibility to your practice. It will enable you to set goals and to achieve them.

  11. 48 CFR 52.219-19 - Small Business Concern Representation for the Small Business Competitiveness Demonstration Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Representation for the Small Business Competitiveness Demonstration Program. 52.219-19 Section 52.219-19 Federal... Representation for the Small Business Competitiveness Demonstration Program. As prescribed in 19.1008(a), insert the following provision: Small Business Concern Representation for the Small Business...

  12. Issues for small businesses with waste management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Redmond, Janice; Walker, Elizabeth; Wang, Calvin

    2008-07-01

    Participation by small and medium enterprise (SME) in corporate social responsibility issues has been found to be lacking. This is a critical issue, as individually SMEs may have little impact on the environment but their collective footprint is significant. The management style and ethical stance of the owner-manager affects business decision making and therefore has a direct impact on the environmental actions of the business. Although adoption of environmental practices to create competitive advantage has been advocated, many businesses see implementation as a cost which cannot be transferred to their customers. After a brief review of pertinent literature this paper reports on an exploratory investigation into the issue. Results show that whereas owner-managers of small enterprises express concern regarding the environment, this does not then translate into better waste management practices.

  13. Research of B2B e-Business Application and Development Technology Based on SOA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xian, Li Liang

    Today, the B2B e-business systems in most enterprises usually have multiple heterogeneous and independent systems which are based on different platforms and operate in different functional departments. To deal with the increased services in future, an enterprise needs to expand its system continuously. This, however, will cause great inconvenience to the future system maintenance. To implement e-business successfully, a unified internal e-business integration environment must be established to integrate the internal system and thus realize a unified internal mechanism within the enterprise e-business system. The SOA (service-oriented architecture), however, can well meet the above requirements. The integration of SOA-based applications can reduce the dependency of different types of IT systems, reduce the cost of system maintenance and the complexity of the IT system operation, increase the flexibility of the system deployment, and at the same time exclude the barrier of service innovation. Research and application of SOA-based enterprise application systems has become a very important research project at present. Based on SOA, this document designs an enterprise e-business application model and realizes a flexible and expandable e-business platform.

  14. Success and Failure Factors in Small Business.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perreault, John O.; And Others

    The first in a series of subject presentations in the field of administrative management for use by educators and businessmen who teach management courses is offered. The point is made that the concept of an educational program in small-business administrative management involves the investigation of a series of topics stemming from basic…

  15. The Small Business Challenge to Management Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gibb, Allan A.

    1983-01-01

    Reviews the needs of the owner/manager for training and development and indicates how they might best be met. Discusses the nature of management in small business and explores implications for training methods. Also discusses program possibilities and marketing strategies. (JOW)

  16. 14th Annual Small Business Conference

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-18

    of Bell Buckle, Tennessee and is married to the former Marilyn Hopkins of Shelbyville, Tennessee. ANNUAL SMALL BUSINESS CONFERENCE u 10 SPEAKER...Ft. McCoy Ft. Campbell Ft. Knox Ft. Rucker Ft. Gordon Ft. McPherson Ft. Jackson Ft. Bragg Ft. Monroe Ft. AP Hill Ft. Eustis Ft. Lee Ft. Belvoir Ft

  17. Introduction: economic performance and small business

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A.R. Thurik (Roy)

    1996-01-01

    textabstractThis paper introduces the special issue of Small business Economics on Performance. The concept of economic performance refers to the degree to which society's resources are being used as efficiently as possible. Where the field of industrial organization has emphasized the influence of

  18. Competitive intelligence information management and innovation in small technology-based companies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanev, Stoyan

    2007-05-01

    In this article we examine how (i) company type and (ii) the competitive intelligence information used by small technology-based companies affect their innovation performance. The focus is on the specific information types used and not on the information sources. Information topics are classified in four groups - customers (10), company (9), competitor (11) and industry (12). The sample consists of 45 small new technology-based companies, specialized suppliers, and service companies from a variety of sectors - software, photonics, telecommunications, biomedical engineering and biotech, traditional manufacturing etc. The results suggest that the total number of intelligence information topics companies use to make decisions about innovation is not associated with the number of their new products, processes, services and patents. Therefore the companies in our sample do not seem to have the resources, processes or value systems required to use different competitive intelligence information when making decisions on innovation or may rely more on their own internal logic than on external information. Companies are classified using a Pavitt-like taxonomy. Service companies are considered as a separate company type. This allows for explicitly studying both, the innovative role of new services in product driven companies, and the role of new product development in service companies.

  19. 48 CFR 719.272 - Small disadvantaged business policies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... business policies. 719.272 Section 719.272 Federal Acquisition Regulations System AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS SMALL BUSINESS PROGRAMS Policies 719.272 Small disadvantaged business... subcontracting with small disadvantaged businesses and other disadvantaged enterprises based on provisions of...

  20. 48 CFR 53.219 - Small Business Programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... disadvantaged business (including Alaska Native Corporations and Indian tribes) and women-owned small business... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Small Business Programs... (CONTINUED) CLAUSES AND FORMS FORMS Prescription of Forms 53.219 Small Business Programs. (a) The...

  1. 76 FR 69154 - Small Business Size and Status Integrity

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-08

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 13 CFR Parts 121, 124, 125, 126, and 127 RIN 3245-AG23 Small Business Size and Status Integrity... Business Jobs Act of 2010 (Jobs Act) pertaining to small business size and status integrity. SBA proposed...

  2. Competitive advantage of independent small businesses in Soweto

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    kirstam

    2014-12-09

    Dec 9, 2014 ... Their research found that small business owners seldom, if ever, ... retail chains in South Africa, it is obvious that small businesses in ...... by township small, micro and medium enterprise entrepreneurs in Mamelodi', Paper.

  3. 75 FR 15756 - Small Business Innovation Research Program Policy Directive

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-30

    ... ADMINISTRATION RIN 3244-AF61 Small Business Innovation Research Program Policy Directive AGENCY: U.S. Small... announces a final amendment to the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program Policy Directive (PD... the Policy Directive; Small Business Innovation Research Program To: The Directors, Small...

  4. Aerospace manpower transfer to small business enterprises

    Science.gov (United States)

    Green, M. K.

    1972-01-01

    The feasibility of a program to effect transfer of aerospace professional people from the ranks of the unemployed into gainful employment in the small business community was investigated. The effectiveness of accomplishing transfer of technology from the aerospace effort into the private sector through migration of people rather than products or hardware alone was also studied. Two basic methodologies were developed. One involves the matching of ex-aerospace professionals and small companies according to their mutual needs. A training and indoctrination program is aimed at familiarizing the professional with the small company environment, and a program of follow-up counseling is defined. The second methodology incorporates efforts to inform and arouse interest among the nonaerospace business community toward affirmative action programs that will serve mutual self-interests of the individuals, companies, and communities involved.

  5. Small business development for molecular diagnostics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anagostou, Anthanasia; Liotta, Lance A

    2012-01-01

    Molecular profiling, which is the application of molecular diagnostics technology to tissue and blood -specimens, is an integral element in the new era of molecular medicine and individualized therapy. Molecular diagnostics is a fertile ground for small business development because it can generate products that meet immediate demands in the health-care sector: (a) Detection of disease risk, or early-stage disease, with a higher specificity and sensitivity compared to previous testing methods, and (b) "Companion diagnostics" for stratifying patients to receive a treatment choice optimized to their individual disease. This chapter reviews the promise and challenges of business development in this field. Guidelines are provided for the creation of a business model and the generation of a marketing plan around a candidate molecular diagnostic product. Steps to commercialization are outlined using existing molecular diagnostics companies as learning examples.

  6. 78 FR 77377 - Small Business Investment Companies-Investments in Passive Businesses

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-23

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 13 CFR Part 107 RIN 3245-AG57 Small Business Investment Companies--Investments in Passive Businesses AGENCY: U.S. Small Business Administration. ACTION: Proposed rule. SUMMARY: The U.S....

  7. Business Model Innovation for Small Medium Enterprises

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wirania Swasty

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Indonesian economy through Small Medium Enterprises (SMEs is expected to absorb labor and contribute to the growth of Gross Domestic Product. However, SMEs lack both managerial and technical skills. This research is about business model innovation for SMEs especially in fashion and garment industry. Study used qualitative approach by mentoring four selected SMEs in Babakan Penghulu Village– Cinambo Sub-District, Eastern Bandung. The tools used to analyze them including PEST analysis, Porter’s Five Forces,Resource Based View, Value Chain Analysis and Business Model Canvas. Finding suggests SMEs to have business model innovation derived from value proposition. SMEs should build their own brand awareness. Moreover, as garment and fashion industry, design can be a particularly important part of the Value Proposition. SMEs could communicate its value propositions and inform their service through its official websites and other social media. Since the intangible resources include brand and design, thus SMEs should build brand image and innovate year by year. SMEs must hire designers and launch a series of new products offers under the signature of their own brands. Ideation to strengthen strategies derives from value proposition building block as a starting point. Moreover, Business Model Canvas makes strategy more focused and measurable. Business model innovation is expected to increase overall performance of SMEs.

  8. Clean coal: Global opportunities for small businesses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-01-01

    The parallel growth in coal demand and environmental concern has spurred interest in technologies that burn coal with greater efficiency and with lower emissions. Clean Coal Technologies (CCTs) will ensure that continued use of the world`s most abundant energy resource is compatible with a cleaner, healthier environment. Increasing interest in CCTs opens the door for American small businesses to provide services and equipment for the clean and efficient use of coal. Key players in most coal-related projects are typically large equipment manufacturers, power project developers, utilities, governments, and multinational corporations. At the same time, the complexity and scale of many of these projects creates niche markets for small American businesses with high-value products and services. From information technology, control systems, and specialized components to management practices, financial services, and personnel training methods, small US companies boast some of the highest value products and services in the world. As a result, American companies are in a prime position to take advantage of global niche markets for CCTs. This guide is designed to provide US small businesses with an overview of potential international market opportunities related to CCTs and to provide initial guidance on how to cost-effectively enter that growing global market.

  9. 75 FR 66411 - Small Entity Compliance Guide: Women-Owned Small Business Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-28

    ... ADMINISTRATION Small Entity Compliance Guide: Women-Owned Small Business Program AGENCY: Small Business...) is announcing the availability of a compliance guide for the Women-Owned Small Business (WOSB... final rule amending 13 CFR part 127, entitled ``The Women-Owned Small Business Federal...

  10. Graduate Education in a Small Business Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bering, E. A., III; Longmier, B.; Giambusso, M.

    2015-12-01

    This paper reports on the issues that confront a professor when supervising graduate students and postdocs whose research work is done on site at a small business. The advantages include relative freedom from having to write proposals; the excitement of working on topics that have clear, direct uses; more extensive engineering support than many students get; and hands on day to day mentoring from the rest of the team. Students get direct instruction in technology transfer and small business processes. The disadvantages include isolation from the rest of the students in your Department and campus life, physical isolation from resources such as the seminar program, library, health center, and other student services. In addition, students who need "introduction to research" practicum instruction in electronics and computer skills will not do well. Finally, care must be taken to avoid including proprietary data in the core argument of the work.

  11. Opportunities for Micro and Small Scale Businesses in the Tourism ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Opportunities for Micro and Small Scale Businesses in the Tourism Sector: The Case ... In the past, Kenya has concentrated on developing large scale tourism but this has ... to micro and small businesses (MSEs) in the hotel industry in Kenya.

  12. 77 FR 13329 - Information Collection; Small Business Size Representation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-06

    ...; Small Business Size Representation AGENCIES: Department of Defense (DOD), General Services... representation. DATES: Submit comments on or before: May 7, 2012. ADDRESSES: Submit comments identified by Information Collection 9000- 0163, Small Business Size Representation, by any of the following methods...

  13. GROWTH AND VENTURE CAPITAL INVESTMENT IN TECHNOLOGY-BASED SMALL FIRMS THE CASE OF HUNGARY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Becsky Nagy Patricia

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Venture capital backed enterprises represent a low proportion of companies, even of innovative ones. The research question was, whether these companies have an important role in innovation and economic growth in Hungary compared to other countries. In the first part of the article I present the theoretical background of technology-based small firms, highlighting the most important models and theories of the economic impact and the special development of innovative technology-oriented small firms. In the second part of the article I present the status of the most important indicators of innovation in connection with entrepreneurship, than I elaborate on the measures of start-ups, mainly the high-tech ones with high-growth potential. I describe the current position of venture capital industry, detailing the venture capital investments, with particular emphasis on classical venture capital investments that points out the number and the amount of venture capital investments financing early stage firms with high-growth potential. At the end I summarize the status of Hungarian technology-based small firms and their possibilities to get financial sources form venture capital investors, with regards to the status and the prospects of the JEREMIE program. In Hungary the number of internationally competitive firms, ready and willing to obtain venture capital, is much lower than in the US or Western European countries. Hungary could take advantage of its competitive edges in some special fields of innovation. The efficiency of information flow would reduce the information gap between the demand and the supply side of the venture capital market and more Hungarian firms could be internationally successful through venture capital financing. The recent years’ policy and special programs like JEREMIE generated more transactions, that helped to inform the entrepreneurs about venture capital and helped to co-invest public resources with private equity more

  14. Changing the Environmental Behaviour of Small Business Owners: The Business Case

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walker, Beth; Redmond, Janice

    2014-01-01

    The importance of the environment is something of a cracked record to many small business owners, as historically any calls to business to change or improve their practices or behaviours were from the "environmental" or "green" perspective, rather than from a business perspective. As a consequence, many small businesses have…

  15. 48 CFR 52.204-5 - Women-Owned Business (Other Than Small Business).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Women-Owned Business (Other Than Small Business). 52.204-5 Section 52.204-5 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL... Provisions and Clauses 52.204-5 Women-Owned Business (Other Than Small Business). As prescribed in...

  16. 48 CFR 719.270 - Small business policies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Small business policies. 719.270 Section 719.270 Federal Acquisition Regulations System AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS SMALL BUSINESS PROGRAMS Policies 719.270 Small business policies. (a) In keeping...

  17. 48 CFR 719.271-6 - Small business screening procedure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Small business screening procedure. 719.271-6 Section 719.271-6 Federal Acquisition Regulations System AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS SMALL BUSINESS PROGRAMS Policies 719.271-6 Small business...

  18. 48 CFR 8.405-5 - Small business.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Small business. 8.405-5... REQUIRED SOURCES OF SUPPLIES AND SERVICES Federal Supply Schedules 8.405-5 Small business. (a) Although the... credited toward the ordering activity's small business goals. For purposes of reporting an order placed...

  19. Learning in Small Business. CRLRA Discussion Paper Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kilpatrick, Sue; Crowley, Suzanne

    An Australian study examined the relationship between current and past participation in education and training in small business and success or failure and how small businesses decide how to improve knowledge and skills. Telephone surveys were conducted with 181 small businesses in 4 industries in 3 metropolitan and 3 non-metropolitan regions.…

  20. Some Problems and Support for Small businesses in Russia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Аlina R. Sitnikova

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available The article focuses on key issues of small businesses in today’s market conditions. Implementation of suggested measures will ensure the sustainable development of small businesses in Russia eliminating down sides in the government support system for small businesses.

  1. 48 CFR 2919.505 - Rejecting Small Business Administration recommendations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Small Business 2919.505 Rejecting Small Business Administration recommendations. When the SBA... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Rejecting Small Business Administration recommendations. 2919.505 Section 2919.505 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT...

  2. 48 CFR 219.505 - Rejecting Small Business Administration recommendations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ...-Asides for Small Business 219.505 Rejecting Small Business Administration recommendations. (b) The... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Rejecting Small Business Administration recommendations. 219.505 Section 219.505 Federal Acquisition Regulations System...

  3. 48 CFR 52.219-1 - Small Business Program Representations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Small Business Program... Classification System (NAICS) code for this acquisition is— . (2) The small business size standard is... Small Business Administration, and no material change in ownership and control, principal office,...

  4. 48 CFR 1852.219-73 - Small business subcontracting plan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Provisions and Clauses 1852.219-73 Small business subcontracting plan. As prescribed in 1819.708-70(a), insert the following provision: Small Business Subcontracting Plan (MAY 1999) (a) This provision is not... contain FAR clause 52.219-9, “Small Business Subcontracting Plan.” The apparent low bidder must submit...

  5. Understanding small business engagement in workplace violence prevention programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bruening, Rebecca A; Strazza, Karen; Nocera, Maryalice; Peek-Asa, Corinne; Casteel, Carri

    2015-01-01

    Worksite wellness, safety, and violence prevention programs have low penetration among small, independent businesses. This study examined barriers and strategies influencing small business participation in workplace violence prevention programs (WVPPs). A semistructured interview guide was used in 32 telephone interviews. The study took place at the University of North Carolina Injury Prevention Research Center. Participating were a purposive sample of 32 representatives of small business-serving organizations (e.g., business membership organizations, regulatory agencies, and economic development organizations) selected for their experience with small businesses. This study was designed to inform improved dissemination of Crime Free Business (CFB), a WVPP for small, independent retail businesses. Thematic qualitative data analysis was used to identify key barriers and strategies for promoting programs and services to small businesses. Three key factors that influence small business engagement emerged from the analysis: (1) small businesses' limited time and resources, (2) low salience of workplace violence, (3) influence of informal networks and source credibility. Identified strategies include designing low-cost and convenient programs, crafting effective messages, partnering with influential organizations and individuals, and conducting outreach through informal networks. Workplace violence prevention and public health practitioners may increase small business participation in programs by reducing time and resource demands, addressing small business concerns, enlisting support from influential individuals and groups, and emphasizing business benefits of participating in the program.

  6. 12 CFR 225.112 - Indirect control of small business concern through convertible debentures held by small business...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Indirect control of small business concern through convertible debentures held by small business investment company. 225.112 Section 225.112 Banks... Interpretations § 225.112 Indirect control of small business concern through convertible debentures held by...

  7. The NAICS Code Selection Process And Small Business Participation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-03-01

    FPDS-NG) website and information gathered from interviews with small business specialists. The data include contract actions from 276 contracts with...government side. It may be necessary for some small businesses to adjust their strategy (i.e., the way they search for federal business opportunities...research originated from the FPDS-NG website and information gathered from interviews with small business specialists. Once pared down, the data include

  8. 78 FR 26684 - Notice of Funding Availability for the Small Business Transportation Resource Center Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-07

    ... disadvantaged businesses (SDB), disadvantaged business enterprises (DBE), women owned small businesses (WOSB... Office of the Secretary Notice of Funding Availability for the Small Business Transportation Resource Center Program AGENCY: Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization (OSDBU), Office of...

  9. 78 FR 41817 - Notice of Funding Availability for the Small Business Transportation Resource Center Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-11

    ... disadvantaged businesses (SDB), disadvantaged business enterprises (DBE), women owned small businesses (WOSB... Office of the Secretary of Transportation Notice of Funding Availability for the Small Business... Transportation (DOT). (OST), Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization (OSDBU). ACTION: Notice...

  10. APPLICATION OF THE MODEL CERNE FOR THE ESTABLISHMENT OF CRITERIA INCUBATION SELECTION IN TECHNOLOGY BASED BUSINESSES : A STUDY IN INCUBATORS OF TECHNOLOGICAL BASE OF THE COUNTRY

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Clobert Jefferson Passoni; Izabel Cristina Zattar; Jessica Werner Boschetto; Rosangela Rosa Luciane da Silva

    2017-01-01

    .... Because of the different forms of management of incubators, the business model CERNE - Reference Center for Support for New Projects - was created by Anprotec and Sebrae, in order to standardize...

  11. 12 CFR 32.7 - Residential real estate loans, small business loans, and small farm loans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Residential real estate loans, small business... OF THE TREASURY LENDING LIMITS § 32.7 Residential real estate loans, small business loans, and small farm loans. (a) Residential real estate, small business, and small farm loans. (1) In addition to the...

  12. Small business activity does not measure entrepreneurship.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henrekson, Magnus; Sanandaji, Tino

    2014-02-04

    Entrepreneurship policy mainly aims to promote innovative Schumpeterian entrepreneurship. However, the rate of entrepreneurship is commonly proxied using quantity-based metrics, such as small business activity, the self-employment rate, or the number of startups. We argue that those metrics give rise to misleading inferences regarding high-impact Schumpeterian entrepreneurship. To unambiguously identify high-impact entrepreneurs we focus on self-made billionaires (in US dollars) who appear on Forbes Magazine's list and who became wealthy by founding new firms. We identify 996 such billionaire entrepreneurs in 50 countries in 1996-2010, a systematic cross-country study of billionaire entrepreneurs. The rate of billionaire entrepreneurs correlates negatively with self-employment, small business ownership, and firm startup rates. Countries with higher income, higher trust, lower taxes, more venture capital investment, and lower regulatory burdens have higher billionaire entrepreneurship rates but less self-employment. Despite its limitations, the number of billionaire entrepreneurs appears to be a plausible cross-country measure of Schumpeterian entrepreneurship.

  13. Small business activity does not measure entrepreneurship

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henrekson, Magnus; Sanandaji, Tino

    2014-01-01

    Entrepreneurship policy mainly aims to promote innovative Schumpeterian entrepreneurship. However, the rate of entrepreneurship is commonly proxied using quantity-based metrics, such as small business activity, the self-employment rate, or the number of startups. We argue that those metrics give rise to misleading inferences regarding high-impact Schumpeterian entrepreneurship. To unambiguously identify high-impact entrepreneurs we focus on self-made billionaires (in US dollars) who appear on Forbes Magazine’s list and who became wealthy by founding new firms. We identify 996 such billionaire entrepreneurs in 50 countries in 1996–2010, a systematic cross-country study of billionaire entrepreneurs. The rate of billionaire entrepreneurs correlates negatively with self-employment, small business ownership, and firm startup rates. Countries with higher income, higher trust, lower taxes, more venture capital investment, and lower regulatory burdens have higher billionaire entrepreneurship rates but less self-employment. Despite its limitations, the number of billionaire entrepreneurs appears to be a plausible cross-country measure of Schumpeterian entrepreneurship. PMID:24449873

  14. Small Business Success in Rural Communities: Explaining the Sex Gap.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bird, Sharon R.; Sapp, Stephen G.; Lee, Motoko Y.

    2001-01-01

    Supporting a "structural relational" view of small business success, data from 423 small business owners in Iowa suggest that links between owner characteristics, social relational processes, business structure, and success operate differently depending on urban-rural location and owner sex. Female owners had more professional training…

  15. Small Business Success in Rural Communities: Explaining the Sex Gap.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bird, Sharon R.; Sapp, Stephen G.; Lee, Motoko Y.

    2001-01-01

    Supporting a "structural relational" view of small business success, data from 423 small business owners in Iowa suggest that links between owner characteristics, social relational processes, business structure, and success operate differently depending on urban-rural location and owner sex. Female owners had more professional training…

  16. 77 FR 8943 - U.S. Small Business Administration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-15

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION National Women's Business Council Meeting U.S. Small Business Administration. ACTION: Notice of open Federal advisory committee meeting. SUMMARY: The SBA is issuing this notice to announce...

  17. 26 CFR 1.58-4 - Electing small business corporations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Electing small business corporations. 1.58-4... TAXES Tax Preference Regulations § 1.58-4 Electing small business corporations. (a) In general. Section... business corporation among the shareholders of such corporation. Section 58(d)(2) provides rules for...

  18. 26 CFR 1.48-5 - Electing small business corporations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Electing small business corporations. 1.48-5... business corporations. (a) In general. (1) In the case of an electing small business corporation (as... shareholders of such corporation on the last day of such corporation's taxable year. Section 38 property...

  19. NASA technology utilization program: The small business market

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vannoy, J. K.; Garcia-Otero, F.; Johnson, F. D.; Staskin, E.

    1980-01-01

    Technology transfer programs were studied to determine how they might be more useful to the small business community. The status, needs, and technology use patterns of small firms are reported. Small business problems and failures are considered. Innovation, capitalization, R and D, and market share problems are discussed. Pocket, captive, and new markets are summarized. Small manufacturers and technology acquisition are discussed, covering external and internal sources, and NASA technology. Small business and the technology utilization program are discussed, covering publications and industrial applications centers. Observations and recommendations include small business market development and contracting, and NASA management technology.

  20. 48 CFR 1319.505 - Rejecting Small Business Administration recommendations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Small Business Administration recommendations. (a) The designee authorized to render a decision on the Small Business Administration's appeal of the contracting officer's decision is set forth in CAM 1301.70... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Rejecting Small...

  1. Creation of positive image in small business as social technology

    OpenAIRE

    Bokareva V. B.

    2011-01-01

    Article purpose is the analysis of creation of positive image in small-scale business as social technology. Problems: to make definition of small-scale business and social technologies; to allocate intrinsic characteristics of social technologies; to define technolozation process of formation of image. The practical importance of article consists in possibility of application of the resulted recommendations in practice of social management by small-scale business.

  2. STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT AS A FACTOR OF SMALL INDUSTRIAL BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT

    OpenAIRE

    Mezentseva, E. S.

    2008-01-01

    The necessity of strategic management procedures application on small business enterprises for the purpose of their competitiveness rise in the regional economy is proven. Strategic manage-ment process is presented as a system of socio-economic relationship between an enterprise and its external environment. Characteristics of small industrial business in regions of Russia as a whole and in Sverdlovsk area in particular are considered. The directions of small business stra-tegic development p...

  3. Small Business Entrepreneurs: A Focus on Fraud Risk and Prevention

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Doug Laufer

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: Small businesses have unique problems in fighting fraud. Typically there are limited resources devoted to anti-fraud efforts by small businesses. Employee fraud typically results in monetary loss, often not recovered, investigation expenses and negative impact on employee productivity and morale. Conclusion/Recommendations: This study provides information to assist the small business entrepreneur in identifying potential fraud risks and to enhance their organization’s fraud prevention measures.

  4. Small Business Entrepreneurs: A Focus on Fraud Risk and Prevention

    OpenAIRE

    Doug Laufer

    2011-01-01

    Problem statement: Small businesses have unique problems in fighting fraud. Typically there are limited resources devoted to anti-fraud efforts by small businesses. Employee fraud typically results in monetary loss, often not recovered, investigation expenses and negative impact on employee productivity and morale. Conclusion/Recommendations: This study provides information to assist the small business entrepreneur in identifying potential fraud risks and to enhance their ...

  5. U.S. Small Business HUBZone Base Closure Areas

    Data.gov (United States)

    Small Business Administration — HUBZone Qualitified Base Closure Areas - the lands within the boundaries of a military installation that was closed through a privatization process under the Federal...

  6. Small business support of youth physical activity opportunities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suminski, Richard R; Ding, Ding

    2012-01-01

    Describe small business support for youth physical activity opportunities (YPAO) and identify factors associated with this support. Cross-sectional analysis of quantitative data relating business characteristics and support for YPAO. Eight demographically heterogeneous, urban neighborhoods in a Midwest metropolitan area. Adult small business owners (n = 90; 65% response rate; mean age 48.4 years; 73.3% male; 45.2% minority). Neighborhood demographics from the 2000 U.S. Census and self-reported business and owner characteristics. Multivariate analysis of variance was used to contrast business and owner characteristics between businesses that did and did not support YPAO. Businesses supporting YPAO had larger annual operating (F = 7.6; p = .018) and advertising budgets (F = 8.5; p = .009) and had younger owners (F = 6.1; p = .034), with sports backgrounds (χ(2) = 5.6; p = .018) and who felt businesses should support YPAO (χ(2) = 3.8; p = .048). Of the 46 businesses not supporting YPAO, 82.6% felt small businesses should support YPAO. The major reasons for nonsupport were difficulty identifying YPAO to support and not being asked for support. Business (e.g., budgets) and business owner characteristics (e.g., age), owner connectedness with YPAO, and the approach used for garnering support (active solicitation, clearly defined support mechanism) were associated with supporting YPAO. Additional business (e.g., annual revenues), owner (e.g., perceptions of YPAO), and environmental (e.g., crime rate, land use) factors should be examined as potential correlates.

  7. 48 CFR 706.302-71 - Small disadvantaged businesses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... businesses. 706.302-71 Section 706.302-71 Federal Acquisition Regulations System AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL... Small disadvantaged businesses. (a) Authority. (1) Citations: Sec. 579, Pub. L. 101-167 (Fiscal Year (FY... business concerns owned and controlled by socially and economically disadvantaged individuals...

  8. Small and medium business in the contractual relationship system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Obalyaeva Julia, I.

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper reveals the role of small and medium business in the national economy. The comparative analysis of the indicators characterizing the development of small business in Russia, South Korea and France is given are compared. Two laws that support small and medium businesses in public purchasing. The author’s vision of the problems of development of small and medium-sized businesses in the Russian Federation and specification of the path of the national economy development is presented. Two schemes, revealing the organization of interaction of large corporate sector and the sector of small and medium-sized enterprises in the system of contractual relations and analysis of internal and external factors in the development of small and medium-sized enterprises are presented. The experience of conducting digital auctions with participation of small businesses on an digital platform CJSC "Sberbank AST" is considered.

  9. 75 FR 79072 - Notice of Funding Availability for the Small Business Transportation Resource Center Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-17

    ...: 8(a), small disadvantaged businesses (SDB), disadvantaged business enterprises (DBE), women owned... Office of the Secretary of Transportation Notice of Funding Availability for the Small Business...), Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization (OSDBU) announces the opportunity for;...

  10. 76 FR 30990 - Notice of Funding Availability for the Small Business Transportation Resource Center Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-27

    ... refer to: 8(a), small disadvantaged businesses (SDB), disadvantaged business enterprises (DBE), women... Office of the Secretary of Transportation Notice of Funding Availability for the Small Business...), Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization (OSDBU) announces the opportunity for;...

  11. 78 FR 13143 - Notice of Funding Availability for the Small Business Transportation Resource Center Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-26

    ... refer to: 8(a), small disadvantaged businesses (SDB), disadvantaged business enterprises (DBE), women... Office of the Secretary of Transportation Notice of Funding Availability for the Small Business... Transportation (OST), Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization (OSDBU). ACTION: Notice of...

  12. 77 FR 28520 - Small Business Size Regulations, Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program and Small...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-15

    ... by multiple venture capital operating companies, private equity firms or hedge funds. DATES: You must... provisions relating to businesses majority-owned by venture capital operating companies (VCOCs), hedge funds.... Department of Labor's definition for venture capital investment set forth in 29 CFR...

  13. Business Simulation Exercises in Small Business Management Education: Using Principles and Ideas from Action Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gabrielsson, Jonas; Tell, Joakim; Politis, Diamanto

    2010-01-01

    Recent calls to close the rigour-relevance gap in business school education have suggested incorporating principles and ideas from action learning in small business management education. In this paper we discuss how business simulation exercises can be used as a platform to trigger students' learning by providing them with a platform where they…

  14. Does College Education Reduce Small Business Failure?

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    We estimate the effect of college education on business survival using the NLSY79. The endogeneity of both education and business ownership is accounted for by a competing risks duration model augmented with a college selection equation. Contrary to the previous literature, we fi nd no effect of college education on business failure. College however signi cantly increases “employment survival.” Unlike college, cognitive skills have a positive impact on employment survival for both the self-em...

  15. Fuzzy State Comprehensive Evaluation of Living Basis for Small Businesses

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Ya-rong; TANG Bing-yong; LI Ling X.

    2002-01-01

    The problem of comprehensive evaluation of liying basis for small businesses is discussed, based on fuzziness of index, a corresponding fuzzy state comprehensive evaluation method is presented; the good results that is,the evaluation of living basis for small business are illustrated by a simulated example.

  16. Irreconcilable Differences? Women in Small Business and VET.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kempnich, Barbara; Butler, Elaine; Billett, Stephen

    Recent research on Australia's vocational education and training (VET) system and women in small business was synthesized to identify ways of making VET more responsive to the needs of women in small business. Special attention was paid to the following topics: key issues affecting public policy (globalization, economic development, industry…

  17. Basic Skills and Small Business Competitiveness: Some Conceptual Considerations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Addis, Mark

    2003-01-01

    Discusses basic skills as an element of competitiveness. Applies market and system failure models to the level of basic skills training offered by small businesses. Examines recent British policy documents and recommendations for more small business investment in basic skills. (Contains 42 references.) (SK)

  18. Small Business Success Factors: the Role of Education and Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simpson, Mike; Tuck, Nicki; Bellamy, Sarah

    2004-01-01

    Interest in successful small businesses continues to grow, but is influenced by the different ways in which small businesses are categorised and the difficulty of defining ?success?. There is a range of criteria associated with success in terms of individual owner characteristics, organisational values and performance measures. However, few…

  19. 48 CFR 1419.505 - Rejecting Small Business Administration recommendations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Rejecting Small Business Administration recommendations. (a) A written justification in support of the CO's... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Rejecting Small Business Administration recommendations. 1419.505 Section 1419.505 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT...

  20. 48 CFR 619.505 - Rejecting Small Business Administration recommendations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Small Business Administration recommendations. The Procurement Executive is the agency head for the... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Rejecting Small Business Administration recommendations. 619.505 Section 619.505 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT...

  1. 48 CFR 19.505 - Rejecting Small Business Administration recommendations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Small Business Administration recommendations. (a) If the contracting officer rejects a recommendation... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Rejecting Small Business Administration recommendations. 19.505 Section 19.505 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL...

  2. 37 CFR 401.7 - Small business preference.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Small business preference. 401.7 Section 401.7 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR TECHNOLOGY POLICY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE RIGHTS TO INVENTIONS MADE BY NONPROFIT ORGANIZATIONS AND SMALL BUSINESS FIRMS...

  3. Study of Impacts of Small Business Innovation Research Programs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CAO Yong-hui

    2008-01-01

    The development and commercialization of new technologies are important to the global economy. In this paper, the author first addresses Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) background; then, implicitly defines SBIR; finally, I also analyze the intpacts of small business innovation research programs. There are four aspects: entrepreneurial orientation; environmental factors; organizational factors and performance.

  4. Small Business Management. Part I, A Suggested Course Outline.

    Science.gov (United States)

    New York State Education Dept., Albany. Bureau of Continuing Education Curriculum Development.

    In this curriculum guide on small business management, lessons (including specific course content and teaching suggestions) are developed around general traits and practices conducive to success in small businesses, loans and other sources of capital, budgeting and planning, recordkeeping, marketing and selling, advertising and sales promotion,…

  5. Small Business Success Factors: the Role of Education and Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simpson, Mike; Tuck, Nicki; Bellamy, Sarah

    2004-01-01

    Interest in successful small businesses continues to grow, but is influenced by the different ways in which small businesses are categorised and the difficulty of defining ?success?. There is a range of criteria associated with success in terms of individual owner characteristics, organisational values and performance measures. However, few…

  6. Measuring Efficiency and Productivity Growth of New Technology-Based Firms in Business Incubators: The Portuguese Case Study of Madan Parque

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Grilo

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Business incubators can play a major role in helping to turn a business idea into a technology-based organization that is economically efficient. However, there is a shortage in the literature regarding the efficiency evaluation and productivity evolution of the new technology-based firms (NTBFs in the incubation scope. This study develops a model based on the data envelopment analysis (DEA methodology, which allows the incubated NTBFs to evaluate and improve the efficiency of their management. Moreover, the Malmquist index is used to examine productivity change. The index is decomposed into multiple components to give insights into the root sources of productivity change. The proposed model was applied in a case study with 13 NTBFs incubated. From that study, we conclude that inefficient firms invest excessively in research and development (R&D, and, on average, firms have a productivity growth in the period of study.

  7. Measuring efficiency and productivity growth of new technology-based firms in business incubators: the Portuguese case study of Madan Parque.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grilo, A; Santos, J

    2015-01-01

    Business incubators can play a major role in helping to turn a business idea into a technology-based organization that is economically efficient. However, there is a shortage in the literature regarding the efficiency evaluation and productivity evolution of the new technology-based firms (NTBFs) in the incubation scope. This study develops a model based on the data envelopment analysis (DEA) methodology, which allows the incubated NTBFs to evaluate and improve the efficiency of their management. Moreover, the Malmquist index is used to examine productivity change. The index is decomposed into multiple components to give insights into the root sources of productivity change. The proposed model was applied in a case study with 13 NTBFs incubated. From that study, we conclude that inefficient firms invest excessively in research and development (R&D), and, on average, firms have a productivity growth in the period of study.

  8. Geothermal Small Business Workbook [Geothermal Outreach and Project Financing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Elizabeth Battocletti

    2003-05-01

    Small businesses are the cornerstone of the American economy. Over 22 million small businesses account for approximately 99% of employers, employ about half of the private sector workforce, and are responsible for about two-thirds of net new jobs. Many small businesses fared better than the Fortune 500 in 2001. Non-farm proprietors income rose 2.4% in 2001 while corporate profits declined 7.2%. Yet not all is rosy for small businesses, particularly new ones. One-third close within two years of opening. From 1989 to 1992, almost half closed within four years; only 39.5% were still open after six years. Why do some new businesses thrive and some fail? What helps a new business succeed? Industry knowledge, business and financial planning, and good management. Small geothermal businesses are no different. Low- and medium-temperature geothermal resources exist throughout the western United States, the majority not yet tapped. A recent survey of ten western states identified more than 9,000 thermal wells and springs, over 900 low- to moderate-temperature geothermal resource areas, and hundreds of direct-use sites. Many opportunities exist for geothermal entrepreneurs to develop many of these sites into thriving small businesses. The ''Geothermal Small Business Workbook'' (''Workbook'') was written to give geothermal entrepreneurs, small businesses, and developers the tools they need to understand geothermal applications--both direct use and small-scale power generation--and to write a business and financing plan. The Workbook will: Provide background, market, and regulatory data for direct use and small-scale (< 1 megawatt) power generation geothermal projects; Refer you to several sources of useful information including owners of existing geothermal businesses, trade associations, and other organizations; Break down the complicated and sometimes tedious process of writing a business plan into five easy steps; Lead you

  9. E-business and small Ghanaian exporters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hinson, Robert; Sørensen, Olav Jull

    2006-01-01

    The arfticle aims to investigate the relationship between export intensity and e-business adoption in Ghana. No clear relationship is found among exporters of non-traditional items.......The arfticle aims to investigate the relationship between export intensity and e-business adoption in Ghana. No clear relationship is found among exporters of non-traditional items....

  10. Black Entrepreneurs and the Small Business Curriculum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hogan, Stephen; And Others

    1993-01-01

    In a study of North Carolina business students, African Americans (n=28) tended to be slightly less assertive and less concerned about high-quality output than whites (n=195). Findings indicate that intensity levels of entrepreneurs toward business success may vary among racial groups. (JOW)

  11. 76 FR 18304 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Women-Owned Small Business (WOSB) Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-01

    ... implement the Small Business Administration's regulations establishing the Women-Owned Small Business... Business Administration (SBA) regulations at 13 CFR part 127, entitled ``Women-Owned Small Business Federal... business concerns, including women-owned small business (WOSB) concerns and economically......

  12. 13 CFR 130.300 - Small Business Development Centers (SBDCs). [Reserved

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Small Business Development Centers (SBDCs). 130.300 Section 130.300 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION SMALL BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT CENTERS § 130.300 Small Business Development Centers (SBDCs)....

  13. Keys to a Business Success (A Workshop for Prospective Small Business Owners).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Small Business Administration, Washington, DC.

    A script for a Small Business Administration Workshop for Prospective Small Business Owners is provided. It contains a content outline, suggested visuals, and a sample narrative. The importance of a smooth presentation of the script is emphasized. Each of the 14 presentations has the time allotted indicated. The presentations concern personal…

  14. Organizational characteristics of small metal-fabricating businesses in Minnesota.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Samant, Yogindra; Parker, David; Brosseau, Lisa; Pan, Wei; Xi, Min; Haugan, Dave; Williams, Quintin

    2007-01-01

    Small U.S. businesses are underserved in terms of occupational health and safety (OHS) services. Little is known about organizational factors influencing OHS in these establishments. Machine guarding was quantitatively evaluated in 40 small businesses. Checklists were used to develop safety scores. Organizational information such as number of employees, unionization, and number of machines was obtained. Experience modification rates, annual sales, and credit ratings were also obtained. Safety scores were divided into terciles. Businesses with safety scores in the top third were unionized, had effective safety committees, and had been operational for more than 30 years. Interventions and policies targeted toward development and implementation of safety committees are needed to improve OHS in this cohort. Financial capability had no bearing on ability of a small business to mount an OHS programs. Non-unionized small businesses may be more vulnerable to occupational injuries.

  15. Small Business Development and Gender of Owner.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Catley, Suzanne; Hamilton, R. T.

    1998-01-01

    A literature review shows that few fundamental differences between men and women business owners have been substantiated. Primary reasons for self-employment are not gender specific, and research on psychological differences is inconclusive. (SK)

  16. 75 FR 62438 - Interagency Task Force on Veterans Small Business Development Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-08

    ..., business development opportunities and pre-established Federal contracting goals for small business... contracting opportunities; (3) Increase the integrity of certifications of status as a small business; (4) Reducing paperwork and administrative burdens in accessing business development and entrepreneurship...

  17. The Use of Internet Reporting for Small Business

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kumudini Heenetigala

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Small business is receiving increasing attention from government because of its potential to drive innovation and economic growth in the wake of the global financial crisis. The lean governance structures in small business mean that decisions are quickly made and implemented. Multiple decisions can modify production processes, produce a new product, apply new marketing methods or tap new markets. These decisions are deeply connected with issues of technological capability and incentives to invest in new innovations. However, many small businesses are likely to have limited access to skills, and lack information about markets and technology. Knowledge about these issues in small businesses is often provided by their accountants. The purpose of this study was to determine how accountants could assist small businesses to make better use of emerging web based technologies to communicate with their accountants. The research was supported by a major grant from the National Institute of Accountants. This paper reports research in which twenty two accountants and their clients were interviewed to determine the potential adoption and use of web based information and communications technology to provide immediate on-going communication between small businesses and their accountants. It is the first article to investigate the support for and barriers to the use of interactive technology to promote small business via the web. The research questions addressed in this paper were: What uses do small businesses currently made of ICT? What are some of the new opportunities offered by ICT to accountants? What are the barriers to the use of new technology? What are the benefits to accountants and their small business clients?

  18. Harmonisation of small business management: customer-centric approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O.L. Tolmachev

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Way of innovation to the consumer is often difficult for many reasons. One of the main the application of traditional management concepts where they do not work in small businesses. Together with the inability of innovators from science to bring their idea to the finished product state, which is in demand in the market, traditional concepts often lead to failure. The author of this article explores innovative approaches to the management of small businesses. Innovative approaches form the basis for making model continuously updated management decisions. The model takes into account the characteristics of small business and its capacity to innovate.

  19. Employee turnover and productivity among small business entities in Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John N. N. Ugoani

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This study was designed to evaluate the problems of employee turnover on productivity among small business entities in Nigeria, and recommend remedial actions. Employee turnover is the separation of employees from employers and replacement with other employees. Productive manpower is a critical element for the economic survival of any small business entity. The survey research design was used for the study. The sample comprised of 320 respondents. Data generated were analyzed by using descriptive, and Z-test statistical techniques. It was found that employee turnover adversely affects productivity in small business entities.

  20. 78 FR 51263 - Small Business Size Standards: Waiver of the Nonmanufacturer Rule

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-20

    ... set aside for small businesses, Small Disabled Veteran Owned Small Business, Women-Owned Small... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Small Business Size Standards: Waiver of the Nonmanufacturer Rule AGENCY: U.S. Small...

  1. Developments and reforms in small business support institutions since 1996

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Molapo

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Purpose/objectives: The aim of the paper is to investigate the successes and shortcomings of the support services provided by the different Small Business Support institutions during the period 1996 to 2003. It also evaluates the recent developments in these Small Business Support institutions. Problem investigated: Many small businesses are still excluded from funds and support from Small Business Support Institutions. The paper investigates the extent to which these institutions provided financial as well as non-financial support to SMMEs in South Africa during the period 1996 to 2003. The paper further explores the changes in the legislation in 2004 in this regard, and explains how it intends to extent support to SMMEs. Design/Methodology/Approach: The paper assesses the small business development policy framework in terms of the functions and assistance of the Small Business Support institutions. Secondly, it analyses the microeconomic evaluation of the services provided for the period 1996 to 2003. This is followed by a macroeconomic evaluation of the impact of support programmes on employment creation, poverty alleviation and economic empowerment. Lastly, the successes and shortcomings of these support programmes are identified and changes since 2003 discussed. Findings/Implications: The fact that many SMMEs still do not get support, points to the shortcomings in the support programmes. Most programmes do not cater for the very small and micro-enterprises and most benefits from these programmes benefit SMMEs in urban areas. Originality/Value: The paper finds an original way to explain the shortcomings of Small Business Support institutions and the lack of data from these institutions since 2003. These institutions must do more than banks and also help those that can not be accommodated by commercial banks. Conclusion: The Small Business Support institutions must help the very small and micro-enterprises that can not be accommodated

  2. Environmental Education in Small Business: The Owner-Manager's Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Redmond, Janice; Walker, Elizabeth

    2009-01-01

    Traditionally, environmental education has been aimed at the community or in primary schools and governmental pressure to reduce environmental damage has focussed on large businesses. More recently, the role and importance of small business and how to engage them in the environmental debate has come under scrutiny. Researchers have identified…

  3. How To Set Up Your Own Small Business. Study Guide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Inst. of Small Business, Minneapolis, MN.

    This study guide is intended for use with the separately available entrepreneurship education text "How To Set Up Your Own Business." The guide includes student exercises that have been designed to accompany chapters dealing with the following topics: determining whether or not to set up a small business, doing market research, forecasting sales,…

  4. 75 FR 61597 - Small Business Size Standards: Retail Trade

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-06

    .... Technology, productivity growth, international competition, mergers and acquisitions, and updated industry... of size standards by deleting the last sentence and replacing it with ``Acquisitions for supplies... economic advantage over their larger counterparts, the Small Business Act authorizes the SBA Administrator...

  5. ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF SMALL AND MEDIUM BUSINESS FROM VASLUI, ROMANIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergiu DUTA

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Development of market economy requires issues to improve the business environment and stimulate small and medium enterprise (SME in crisis and need recovery of investment in Vaslui, Romania

  6. Quality assessment in small businesses: the case of Dutch culinary ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Defining quality in culinary restaurant small businesses deserves increased attention in order to further develop professionalism within this segment. For this ... Most important determinants of quality were 'product quality' and 'service quality'.

  7. Inbound marketing for small business such as restaurant and cafe

    OpenAIRE

    Mahmud, Tareq Uddin

    2017-01-01

    We are living in the era of digital revolution. Everything we do, everywhere go, there is always a footprint of digitization in our day to day life. Large and small companies are also finding their way to this digitalization movement and connect to their potential customers. Primarily motivation behind this thesis came from writer’s own interest in setting up a small restaurant business. This could potentially guide other new entrepreneurs regarding digital marketing option for their busi...

  8. Survey of Small Business Barriers to Department of Defense Contracts

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-01-01

    2010). The demise of the federal government Small Business Program. Defense Acquisition Research Journal , 17(1), 77–92. Blakey, M. (Ed.). (2011...investigate challenges currently affecting the defense industry base. Factors Affecting Small Business Participation in DoD Contracts We conducted a...accounting standards, export control regulations ( International Traffic in Arms), and a past performance rating on previous government contracts (HASC

  9. BANKRUPTCY - A POSSIBLE NEW START FOR THE SMALL BUSINESS?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    LAURA GIURCA VASILESCU

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Many factors (internal and external can make a business vulnerable. In the context of the international financial crisis, the firms, and especially the small and mediume enterprises (SMEs have to face new challenges. Smaller businesses are particularly prone to financial difficulties as they often lack resources to adapt to the changing market conditions. Very often the business distress or even business failure is not yet sufficiently understood as a normal economic development and an opportunity for a new start. In order to take the full potential of business in Europe, should be created the background that genuinely talented entrepreneurs have every opportunity to get another second chance. The European Commission lays out proposals to actively help businesses at financial risk and prevent bankruptcy. In the same time, the national insolvency systems should provide more options for restructuring and rescue. Thus, EU supports simpler and faster procedures for bankruptcy and encourages giving a second chance to honest entrepreneurs who have failed.

  10. 76 FR 42157 - Small Business Size Standards: Waiver of the Nonmanufacturer Rule

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-18

    ... businesses, Participants in SBA's 8(a) Business Development (BD) Program, or Women-Owned Small Business (WOSB... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Small Business Size Standards: Waiver of the Nonmanufacturer Rule AGENCY: U.S. Small...

  11. 48 CFR 5119.1070-2 - Emerging small business set-aside.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... business concerns, consistent with the mission or program requirements of the Department of the Army, Corp... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Emerging small business... ARMY ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SMALL BUSINESS AND SMALL DISADVANTAGED BUSINESS CONCERNS Small Business...

  12. 77 FR 41472 - Interagency Task Force on Veterans Small Business Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-13

    ... ADMINISTRATION Interagency Task Force on Veterans Small Business Development AGENCY: U.S. Small Business... 2nd floor. ADDRESSES: U.S. Small Business Administration, 409 3rd Street SW., Washington, DC 20416... of Veterans Business Development, U.S. Small Business Administration, 409 3rd Street SW.,...

  13. 78 FR 7849 - Interagency Task Force on Veterans Small Business Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-04

    ... ADMINISTRATION Interagency Task Force on Veterans Small Business Development AGENCY: U.S. Small Business... 2nd floor. ADDRESSES: U.S. Small Business Administration, 409 3rd Street SW., Washington, DC 20416... Liaison, Office of Veterans Business Development, U.S. Small Business Administration, 409 3rd Street...

  14. Program-target methods of management small business

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gurova Ekaterina

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Experience of small businesses in Russia are just beginning their path to development. difficulties arise with the involvement of small businesses in the implementation of government development programmes. Small business in modern conditions to secure a visible prospect of development without the implementation of state support programmes. Ways and methods of regulation of development of the market economy are diverse. The total mass of the huge role is played by the program-target methods of regulation. The article describes the basic principles on the use of program-target approach to the development of a specific sector of the economy, as small businesses, designed to play an important role in getting the national economy out of crisis. The material in this publication is built from the need to maintain the connection between the theory of government regulation, practice of formation of development programs at the regional level and the needs of small businesses. Essential for the formation of entrepreneurship development programmes is to preserve the flexibility of small businesses in making management decisions related to the selection and change of activities.

  15. Typical business and marketing plan for an energy-related small business

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eldridge, F.R.

    1977-10-01

    Guidelines are provided for the preparation of a business and marketing plan that would be appropriate for individual inventors or small businesses to submit to the private sector for purposes of obtaining venture capital or other forms of support for energy-related inventions, and associated systems.

  16. Missile Defense Information Technology Small Business Conference

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-09-01

    Training – IT Infrastructure Library ( ITIL ) Framework – MDIOC – Summary Purpose 3Approved for Public Release 09-MDA-4854 (27 AUG 09) 4Approved for...4854(27 AUG 09) ITIL Phases Go/No Go Decisions Initiation Documentation of the Business Need through Preliminary BCA Concept Development Technical...accordance with user requirements using performance metrics SDLC Phases ITIL Phases Service Strategy Identify the requirements that support the

  17. XP in a Small Software Development Business

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Babb, Jeffry; Hoda, Rashina; Nørbjerg, Jacob

    2014-01-01

    While small software development shops have trended towards the adoption of Agile methods, local conditions and high iteration pressure typically cause adaptations and appropriations of Agile methods. This paper shares evidence from a study concerning how a small software development company adopts...... most sustainable for small shop teams, with process maintenance and viability as a goal, are highlighted....

  18. BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT FEATURES AND SMALL BUSINESS PROBLEMS IN THE NORTH OSSETIA-ALANIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. V. Tebloyeva

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Small business resources’ involvement in the economic process and creation of favorable conditions for its operation will promote dynamics increase and social orientation of economic development both in Russia and its regions, and republics in particular.

  19. ON SOME APPROACHES TO ECONOMICMATHEMATICAL MODELING OF SMALL BUSINESS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Orlov A. I.

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Small business is an important part of modern Russian economy. We give a wide panorama developed by us of possible approaches to the construction of economic-mathematical models that may be useful to describe the dynamics of small businesses, as well as management. As for the description of certain problems of small business can use a variety of types of economic-mathematical and econometric models, we found it useful to consider a fairly wide range of such models, which resulted in quite a short description of the specific models. In this description of the models brought to such a level that an experienced professional in the field of economic-mathematical modeling could, if necessary, to develop their own specific model to the stage of design formulas and numerical results. Particular attention is paid to the use of statistical methods of non-numeric data, the most pressing at the moment. Are considered the problems of economic-mathematical modeling in solving problems of small business marketing. We have accumulated some experience in application of the methodology of economic-mathematical modeling in solving practical problems in small business marketing, in particular in the field of consumer goods and industrial purposes, educational services, as well as in the analysis and modeling of inflation, taxation and others. In marketing models of decision making theory we apply rankings and ratings. Is considered the problem of comparing averages. We present some models of the life cycle of small businesses - flow model projects, model of capture niches, and model of niche selection. We discuss the development of research on economic-mathematical modeling of small businesses

  20. XP in a Small Software Development Business

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Babb, Jeffry; Hoda, Rashina; Nørbjerg, Jacob

    2014-01-01

    While small software development shops have trended towards the adoption of Agile methods, local conditions and high iteration pressure typically cause adaptations and appropriations of Agile methods. This paper shares evidence from a study concerning how a small software development company adopts...

  1. 78 FR 37692 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Contracting With Women-Owned Small Business Concerns

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-21

    ... Regulation; Contracting With Women-Owned Small Business Concerns AGENCY: Department of Defense (DoD), General... small business concerns and to women-owned small business concerns eligible under the Women-owned Small... ] Women-owned Small Business Concerns, which is the statutory authority for SBA's......

  2. 28 CFR 0.18a - Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Business Utilization. 0.18a Section 0.18a Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE ORGANIZATION OF THE... Business Utilization. The Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization is headed by a Director... assistance regarding utilization of small businesses, including small businesses owned and controlled by...

  3. APPLICATION OF PROJECT MANAGEMENT APPROACHES AT A SMALL BUSINESSES ENTERPRISES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergey V. Rajewski

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the types of organizational structures of project management and their application in project management in small and medium-sized enterprises. Among the approaches and methods to organize projects emphasizing project management as part of the existing functional structure of the enterprise. Analyzed the most relevant organizational tools of project management in small business: a network schedule; matrix distribution of administrative and management tasks of the project; schedule of the project plan; information and technological methods and models used in the process of project management; software applications for project management, used in the sphere of small business.

  4. NASA's Electronic Procurement System and the Impact on Small Business

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dozier, Ken

    1998-01-01

    Three workshops, held in Lancaster, Orange County and Compton, were produced by the Los Angeles Regional Technology Alliance (LARTA) and NASA Far West Technology Transfer Center (FWRTTC). The workshops were held on December 12, 1997, February 5, 1998, and March 30, 1998, respectively. The purpose behind these workshops was to spread information regarding NASA procurement opportunities to small businesses in the region. This was accomplished by inviting economic and business development organizations to the three workshops, presenting NASA procurement resources to them, and asking them to distribute this information to the small businesses in their communities. With the assistance of LARTA, marketing and publicity in the form of direct mail, telemarketing, and promotion via a web site was implemented to publicize the workshops. These methods were remarkably effective because they enabled the workshops to attain its full capacity. Further publicity was provided by Wendy Reed of Valley Focus Magazine, an Antelope Valley Magazine aimed at business people. Her article entitled, "Doing Business with the Government" recapped the Lancaster workshop that she had attended and made references to several presentations. In the article, she discussed selling to the government via electronic commerce, and specifically mentioned Robert Medina, the NASA Dryden Small Business Specialist, as a contact person for those interested in pursuing procurement opportunities. The feedback provided by the participants is illustrated by the enclosed graphs and charts. These figures represent the number of participants who have frequented web sites presented at workshops, specifically the NASA procurement resources, and how extensive information dissemination was. Input from participants was favorable and encouraged more NASA Dryden workshops directly to the small business communities. There was an overwhelming response to the benefit of the NASA procurement opportunities presented at the

  5. Personality correlates of self-employed small business owners' success.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Owens, Kimberly S; Kirwan, Jeral R; Lounsbury, John W; Levy, Jacob J; Gibson, Lucy W

    2013-01-01

    Drawing on prior occupational choice research on entrepreneurs and self-employed business owners, we examined personality predictors of their occupational business success and work satisfaction. PARTICIPANTS AND PROCEDURES: A sample of 147 small business owners completed a web-based assessment of 14 work-related personality traits--adaptability, autonomy, competitiveness, dependability, emotional resilience, goal-setting, optimism, persistence, risk tolerance, self-promotion, networking, and tolerance for financial insecurity, work-based locus of control, and work drive--and three self-reported indices of business success--revenue growth, profit growth, and income growth--as well as multiple facets of individual satisfaction. Criterion variables included composite business success and overall satisfaction. Ten traits correlated with business success. The top four personality predictors of success--goal-setting, social networking, emotional resilience, and work drive--together accounted for 16% of the variance. Similarly, 12 of 14 personality traits were positively related to overall satisfaction. The top three personality predictors of satisfaction--optimism, work-based locus of control, and work drive--accounted for 29% of the variability in satisfaction. An expectancy analysis revealed that the percent of participants who reported at least a 20% increase in sales and profits the preceding year was 26% versus 54% for individual scoring in the lower and upper third of a personality composite measure. Results carry implications for future research, and have direct, practical applications for prospective and current entrepreneurs and self-employed owners of small businesses.

  6. Sunk costs and the growth and failure of small business

    OpenAIRE

    2000-01-01

    We model the growth and failure of small business in Irish Manufacturing during the period 1973-1994. We estimate the effect of start-up size on the employment growth while controlling for the business cycle, the life cycle and the probability of business survival, amongst other factors. Learning models of firm selection and evolution are accepted in Homogenous Goods but rejected in R&D sectors. Due to high (low) entry and failure costs in R&D (Homogenous Goods) sectors, learning is undertake...

  7. Electronic Business Helps Middle & Small Enterprises Develop International Trade

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黎裕华

    2012-01-01

    Under the influence of the financial crisis, our international trade faces very serious challenge. During such a difficult period, electronic business brings us some new hope. Electronic business optimizes traditional process, saves large number of manpower and assets, decreases cost, breaks through the limit of time and space, makes deals more convenient and shortcut and strongly boosts efficiency. Our middle and small enterprises should make full use of such a tool of electronic business to hit out the international market actively, search more trading opportunities and living spaces and smoothly bridge such a difficult period due to the financial crisis.

  8. Factors for Motivating Women in Small Business and Micro Enterprises

    OpenAIRE

    Pandi S. Jagadees

    2011-01-01

    The present study is an empirical in nature and examines the major motivational factor for business. The study has been conducted in Coimbatore District, India. The women entrepreneurs, who belong to Self Help Groups (SHG) are the sample respondents. A total of 450 sample respondents have been randomly selected and the analysis have been carried out across the field of activities of women entrepreneurs in small business and micro enterprises viz, Among the Ten motivational factors for choice,...

  9. The Growth of Small Businesses: Towards A Research Agenda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akin Fadahunsi

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: The central objective of this study is to help define a framework for researching the growth of small businesses. Approach: By way of a literature review, the study evaluates current research approaches to small business growth organized around the key factors framework proposed. Which include elements drawn from the characteristics of the entrepreneur, the firm and the business strategy. Results: In the absence of a unified theory of small business growth, models and approaches used to explain small business growth are fragmented and wide-ranging. A consideration of the additional impact on this framework of the external environmental dimension can inject a necessary dynamic element into the research process that is well-placed to capture the process of firm growth, as opposed to the snapshot of firm growth that tends to dominate the existing empirical work. Conclusion: The study concludes that longitudinal and case-based methodologies are needed to develop an existing understanding of small firm growth behavior.

  10. 77 FR 32169 - Agency Requests for Renewal of a Previously Approved Information Collection: Small Business...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-31

    ...) highlights activities such as counseling, marketing, meetings/conferences, and services to businesses as... Requests for Renewal of a Previously Approved Information Collection: Small Business Transportation... Quarterly Report Form (DOT F 4502) AGENCY: Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization...

  11. Introduction: Small Business and Networked Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Colombo, Massimo G.; Laursen, Keld; Magnusson, Mats

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this article is to provide an introduction to the special issue. We briefly consider the organizational and managerial challenges that small and medium-sized enterprises encounter in networked innovation, thereby building a background to the articles included in the special issue. We...

  12. Holonic Business Process Modeling in Small to Medium Sized Enterprises

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nur Budi Mulyono

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Holonic modeling analysis which is the application of system thinking in design, manage, and improvement, is used in a novel context for business process modeling. An approach and techniques of holon and holarchies is presented specifically for small and medium sized enterprise process modeling development. The fitness of the approach is compared with well known reductionist or task breakdown approach. The strength and weaknesses of the holonic modeling is discussed with illustrating case example in term of its suitability for an Indonesia’s small and medium sized industry. The novel ideas in this paper have great impact on the way analyst should perceive business process. Future research is applying the approach in supply chain context.Key words: Business process, holonic modeling, operations management, small to medium sized enterprise

  13. Program Management Approach to the Territorial Development of Small Business

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalia Aleksandrovna Knysh

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This article presents the results of the research of the application on a state level of the program management approach to the territorial development of small business. Studying the main mechanism of the state policy implementation in the sphere of small business on a regional level, the authors have revealed the necessity to take into account the territorial specificity while the government programs of small business development are being formed. The analysis of the national practice of utilizing the program management mechanism in the regional system of the government support of small entrepreneurship was conducted on the example of Omsk region. The results of the analysis have shown the inefficiency of the current support system for small business and have determined the need to create an integrated model of territorial programming, which would not only contribute to the qualitative development of small business, but also provide the functioning efficiency of program management mechanism. As a result, the authors have created the two-level model of the programming of the territorial development of small business, which allows to satisfy purposefully the needs of entrepreneurship taking into account the specificity of the internal and external environment of the region. The first level of the model is methodological one and it is based on the marketing approach (the concepts of place marketing and relationship marketing to the operation of the program management mechanism. The second level of the model is methodical one. It offers the combination of the flexible methods of management of programming procedure (benchmarking, foresight, crowdsourcing and outsourcing. The given model raises the efficiency of the management decisions of the state structures in the sphere of small business. Therefore, it is interesting for the government authorities, which are responsible for the regional and municipal support programs of small business, as well

  14. GLOBALIZATION AND SMALL BUSINESSES AND ECONOMIES – CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    NINKO KOSTOVSKI

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we analyze the effect of globalization in general and from the viewpoint of the small and medium sized companies in the Republic of Macedonia, as a typical developing economy. Our survey of 100 managers and business owners from small and medium sized enterprises indicates that they tend to perceive the globalization with more conservative glasses as negative, or at the best, as a neutral phenomenon to their overall business prospects. However, to harvest the apparent opportunities of the globalization and to achieve the desired internationalization of their businesses, they call for intensive regional cooperation seeing it as a gateway to much harsher realms of the globalized market. The literature review and the examples from some other countries support these conservative standing of our managers and offer practical explanations why the approach towards the globalization is conservative and often even negative. Small business is important provider of new jobs, ideas and business concepts. However, with the opening of the global market it is a constant pursue for customers all around the world, having to meet their diverse and rapidly changing needs and facing extremely shortened delivery terms and product lifecycles. Many small companies, particularly from the developing countries are not adequately prepared to face the reality of this challenge. On the other hand, the big multinational companies receive more than hefty incentives to invest into the developing countries and that creates additional negative sentiments towards the globalization among the local companies.

  15. 78 FR 76886 - Small Business Size Standards: Waiver of the Nonmanufacturer Rule

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-19

    ...) Business Development (BD) Program, or Women-Owned Small Business (WOSB) concerns. DATES: Effective Date... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Small Business Size Standards: Waiver of the Nonmanufacturer Rule AGENCY: U.S. Small...

  16. 78 FR 42817 - Small Business Size Standards: Waiver of the Nonmanufacturer Rule

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-17

    ..., Women- Owned Small Businesses, or Participants in SBA's 8(a) Business Development Program provide the... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Small Business Size Standards: Waiver of the Nonmanufacturer Rule AGENCY: U.S. Small...

  17. 76 FR 68032 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Set-Asides for Small Business

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-02

    ... the clause 52.219-29, Notice of Set-Aside for Economically Disadvantaged Women-owned Small Business... disadvantaged women-owned small business (EDWOSB) concerns under 19.1505(b). This includes multiple-award... Small Business Concerns Eligible Under the Women-Owned Small Business Program, in solicitations...

  18. 76 FR 42157 - Small Business Size Standards; Waiver of the Nonmanufacturer Rule

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-18

    ...-Owned (SDVO) small businesses, Participants in SBA's 8(a) Business Development (BD) Program, or Women... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Small Business Size Standards; Waiver of the Nonmanufacturer Rule AGENCY: U.S. Small...

  19. 78 FR 61443 - Small Business Size Standards: Waiver of the Nonmanufacturer Rule

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-03

    ...-Disabled Veteran-Owned small businesses, Participants in SBA's 8(a) Business Development Program, or Women...-Disabled Veteran-Owned small businesses, Women-Owned Small Businesses, or Participants in the SBA's 8(a... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL...

  20. 76 FR 27372 - Small Business Size Standards: Waiver of the Nonmanufacturer Rule

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-11

    ...) Business Development (BD) Program, or Women-Owned Small Business (WOSB) concerns. DATES: This waiver is... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Small Business Size Standards: Waiver of the Nonmanufacturer Rule AGENCY: U.S. Small...

  1. 16 CFR 1020.5 - What is the Small Business Enforcement Policy?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    .... (5) The small business failed to make a good faith effort to comply with the law. (6) The small... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false What is the Small Business Enforcement... BUSINESS § 1020.5 What is the Small Business Enforcement Policy? (a) When appropriate, the Commission...

  2. 10 CFR 1.37 - Office of Small Business and Civil Rights.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Office of Small Business and Civil Rights. 1.37 Section 1... Headquarters Staff Offices § 1.37 Office of Small Business and Civil Rights. The Office of Small Business and Civil Rights— (a) Develops and implements an effective small and disadvantaged business program...

  3. 77 FR 12641 - Surrender of License of Small Business Investment Company

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-01

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Surrender of License of Small Business Investment Company Pursuant to the authority granted to the United States Small Business Administration under the Small Business Investment Act of 1958,...

  4. 76 FR 2189 - Surrender of License of Small Business Investment Company

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-12

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Surrender of License of Small Business Investment Company Pursuant to the authority granted to the United States Small Business Administration under the Small Business Investment Act of 1958,...

  5. 75 FR 60830 - Surrender of License of Small Business Investment Company

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Surrender of License of Small Business Investment Company Pursuant to the authority granted to the United States Small Business Administration under the Small Business Investment Act of 1958,...

  6. 75 FR 41559 - Surrender of License of Small Business Investment Company

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-16

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Surrender of License of Small Business Investment Company Pursuant to the authority granted to the United States Small Business Administration under the Small Business Investment Act of 1958,...

  7. 78 FR 26680 - Surrender of License of Small Business Investment Company

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-07

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Surrender of License of Small Business Investment Company Pursuant to the authority granted to the United States Small Business Administration under the Small Business Investment Act of 1958,...

  8. 77 FR 2600 - Surrender of License of Small Business Investment Company

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-18

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Surrender of License of Small Business Investment Company Pursuant to the authority granted to the United States Small Business Administration under the Small Business Investment Act of 1958,...

  9. 77 FR 2601 - Surrender of License of Small Business Investment Company

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-18

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRTATION Surrender of License of Small Business Investment Company Pursuant to the authority granted to the United States Small Business Administration under the Small Business Investment Act of 1958,...

  10. Analysis of the Small Business Administration 8(a) Business Development Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-06-01

    Construction & Engineering, Inc. $5,884,387.15 0.2528993 198052305 Yes 4 2nd Nature, LLC $87,880.00 0.7169208 186292814 Yes 483 Rivera ...line 2: City: SAN DIEGO State: CA Zip: 92122-5962 Phone Number: 858-404-7393 x109 Fax Number: 858-404-7395 Email Address: gmurthy...Owned Small Business, Woman Owned Current Principals 1. Gita Murthy, CEO “Business Development Servicing Office” (for certifications) SAN DIEGO

  11. Final report of 2002 small business innovation research

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Song, Kyu Seok; Sim, Cheul Muu; Lim, Chang Hwan [and others

    2003-07-01

    The purpose of the small business innovation research is to help and support small business for the development of the advanced technologies. In Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, sixteen companies are joined in this consortium for thirteen projects in year 2002. As a result of the investigation, application of the Gamma-ray for food products, real-time imaging system, micro laser, laser rangefinder, compact VOC analyzer, functional food, nano-sized metal powder, micorwave humidity sensor, supersonic impactor, etc have been developed. Several patents as well as research papers are produced and variety of prototype systems are developed.

  12. Factor analysis of small business conditions of boundary region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Леся Михайлівна Газуда

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available In terms of border-zone and capabilities of direct implementation of foreign economic cooperation with the Member States of the European Union is necessary to intensify the development of priority economic activities in Zakarpattia region. Background and specific characteristics of small business development in the region are considered in the article. It is conducted the multivariate correlation and regression analysis of conditions of regional small business development for the main indicators, including the volume of sales, the gross regional product, the economically active population, capital investment, exports and imports

  13. Windows® Small Business Server 2008 Administrator's Pocket Consultant

    CERN Document Server

    Zacker, Craig

    2009-01-01

    Portable and precise, this pocket-sized guide delivers ready answers for administering Windows Small Business Server 2008. Zero in on core support tasks and tools using quick-reference tables, instructions, and lists. You'll get the focused information you need to solve problems and get the job done-whether at your desk or in the field. Get fast facts to: Plan, install, and configure a small business network Navigate the Windows SBS Console toolCreate and administer user and group accounts Manage automatic updates, disk storage, and shared printersConfigure mail settings and customize inte

  14. The Impact of Business Size and Business Type on Small Business Investment in Electronic Commerce: a study of Swedish small businesses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert MacGregor

    2002-05-01

    Full Text Available In the past, organisations relied on traditional quantitative metrics, such as Return on Investment (ROI to make decisions when investing in technology. With the advent of electronic commerce (EC, organisations have had to rethink their investment and acquisition decisions due to the strategic nature of electronic commerce. Where ROI measures have failed, they have been replaced with a plethora of organisational driving forces. This paper focuses on the driving forces behind EC adoption by small and medium enterprises (SME's and aims to determine the impact of organisational factors such as size and type of business on EC acquisition criteria. The results of a research study carried out in Sweden are presented and suggest that there exist high levels of significance between the size of the business and customer demand, reduced costs, developing new markets and improvement to marketing as driving forces, and the type of business and customer demand, pressure from competition, increased sales and improvement of relationship with business partners as driving forces for EC adoption.

  15. USE OF PRESUMPTIVE TAXATION IN FACILITATING SMALL BUSINESS TAX COMPLIANCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victoria IORDACHI

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The actuality of this article is determined by the necessity of implementing fiscal simplicity for increasing tax compliance through fiscal education of small business representatives. In many developing and transition countries, micro and small enterprises are the most rapidly growing business segment. Tax compliance attitude within this sector varies significantly because high conformation costs and difficult formalization procedures can determine many small enterprises to operate in the informal economy. Thus tax regulation of small enterprises is crucial in the process of small entrepreneurs fiscal education and tax simplification of SMEs in many countries becomes one of the most efficient instruments. The main research methods were systemic analysis and logic synthesis. The main results obtained in article, as a result of research, are identification, analysis and systematization of foreign countries’ practices in implementing presumptive tax design and elaboration of some recommendations on fiscal simplicity.

  16. Contributions of the Department of Defense Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) and Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) Programs to Training and Education: FY1999-FY2004

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-01

    allows visual tracking, free-floating Magnetic Levitation ( Maglev ) haptic feedback with real surgical tools and sce- nario-based training that can be...Defense Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) and Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) Programs to Training and Education: FY1999–FY2004 J.D...Department of Defense Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) and Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) Programs to Training and Education: FY1999

  17. The Role of Microfinance Institutions in Financing Small Businesses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    TAIWO JN

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available SMEs all over the world play a strong role in national development. This is attributed to the massive employment it provides to the citizenry of the country where it exists. The financing of these ‘’goose’’ which have being laying so many golden eggs has come under scrutiny by academics and practitioners. Due to the recognition accorded this very important sector, the Nigerian government established microfinance banks in the year 2007 to serve as mechanisms for financial sources for various SMEs. This study explored the roles of these micro finance banks and institutions on small and medium enterprises as well as the extent to which the small businesses have benefited from the credit scheme of microfinance banks. Primary data was obtained via interviews conducted in 15 small businesses across Lagos state with their responses summarized in tables. This study advocates the recapitalization of microfinance banks to enhance their capacity to support small business growth and expansion and also to bring to the knowledge of the management of microfinance banks and institutions the impact of the use of collaterals as a condition for granting credit to small businesses.

  18. How do small business managers influence employee satisfaction and commitment?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janine Kruger

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Purpose : The purpose of this research is to scrutinise motivational factors that may influence the levels of satisfaction and commitment of small business employees. Problem investigated : An unmotivated workforce leads to dissatisfaction and low commitment levels among employees. Possible consequences of these unproductive trends include higher costs, business closures and a negative effect on a country's economy. Employee satisfaction and employee commitment are thus vital for the success of any business. It is essential for business managers to keep their employees satisfied and committed to the business. In order for business managers to motivate their employees to keep them satisfied and committed, they need to know how to motivate employees. A number of factors influence employee satisfaction and employee commitment, which include working conditions, managerial abilities, employee participation, company policies, recognition and feedback, as well as job interest and job importance. Managers should know how to apply each of these factors to ensure that employees are satisfied and committed. Methodology : A quantitative research approach was followed using a self-administered questionnaire. This measuring instrument consisted of three sections covering the biographical information of respondents, statements on motivational factors, and statements about satisfaction and commitment. A five-point Likert-type scale, ranging from strongly disagree to strongly agree, was applied. Simple random sampling was used to elicit the responses of 444 respondents from small businesses in the Nelson Mandela Metropole in South Africa. Cronbach Alpha coefficients were calculated to measure the internal consistency and reliability of the measuring instrument. Descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation coefficients and simple linear regression analyses were used to analyse the data. Findings and implications : The research revealed that significant positive

  19. Small business and entrepreneurial venture in an economic conundrum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Amolo

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Does small business add the same value as entrepreneurial venture to an economy? Entrepreneurial ventures are resilient to economic duress, while providing higher quality and quantity of jobs, products and services. A needed entrepreneurial economic omnipresence pervasively stimulates socio-economic mindset in opportunity, rather than resource pursuit. A managed economy is under challenge by a knowledge economy and the policies of the former have become irrelevant for the latter. The unpredictable economic times call for a flexibility associated with an entrepreneurial economy. In this presentation, a literature review was conducted to highlight this conundrum in an economy. The findings are that entrepreneurial ventures have their distinctive features from simply small business enterprise and are better served in an entrepreneurial economy than a managed economy. The significance of an entrepreneurial business and economy for individuals and policy makers alike has never needed an emphasis as in the days of our economic volatility.

  20. Productivity in Small Business: an analysis using African data

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A.R. Thurik (Roy)

    1986-01-01

    textabstractLabor and floorspace cost functions are derived for small business trade. Relationships are proposed between average volume of labor or average floorspace per establishment on the one hand, and average size per establishment, average rental paid, percentage selling space, and indicators

  1. Waste Reduction Model (WARM) Resources for Small Businesses and Organizations

    Science.gov (United States)

    This page provides a brief overview of how EPA’s Waste Reduction Model (WARM) can be used by small businesses and organizations. The page includes a brief summary of uses of WARM for the audience and links to other resources.

  2. 76 FR 62313 - Small Business Size and Status Integrity

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-07

    ... Federal electronic database for the purpose of being considered for award of a Federal grant, contract... award to a small business concern. (3) Registration on any Federal electronic database for the purpose.... (3) Registration on any Federal electronic database for the purpose of being considered for award...

  3. 76 FR 70667 - Small Business Size Standards: Educational Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-15

    ..., SBA establishes small business size definitions (referred to as size standards) for private sector... agencies. SBA also makes periodic inflation adjustments to its monetary based size standards. SBA's latest... Administration's current policies, suggestions from industry groups and Federal agencies, and public comments on...

  4. Evaluating the Effect of Information Technology in Small Businesses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newman, Peter

    2010-01-01

    Information technology (IT) has become a strategic vehicle for small businesses to achieve and sustain their competitive advantage. Prior research has suggested that information technology plays an important role in the decision-making process. The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between organizational IT performance and…

  5. Strategies, Uncertainty and Performance of Small Business Startups

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A.M. van Gelderen (Marco); M. Frese (Michael); A.R. Thurik (Roy)

    2000-01-01

    textabstractPersonal strategies of owners/founders of small business startups are related to performance and to environmental uncertainty. This is done using a longitudinal data set of some 50 Dutch startups. The results suggest a dynamic process between strategy and performance. A discrimination is

  6. Corruption, the Rusiness Environment, and Small Business Growth in India

    OpenAIRE

    Honorati, Maddalena; Mengistae, Taye

    2007-01-01

    This paper estimates a dynamic business growth equation on a sample of small-scale manufacturers. The results suggest that excessive labor regulation, power shortages, and problems of access to finance are significant influences on industrial growth in India. The expected annual sales growth rate of an enterprise is lower where labor regulation is greater, power shortages are more severe, ...

  7. Technology Mentors: Enablers of ICT Uptake in Australian Small Business

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woodley, Carolyn J.; Burgess, Stephen; Paguio, Rafael; Bingley, Scott

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to report on the innovative employment of students as technology mentors as part of a Blended Learning Program (BLP) that supported a group of owner-managers of small businesses to adopt appropriate information and communication technologies (ICT) to enhance their work practices. Design/methodology/approach:…

  8. Small business innovation research. Abstracts of 1988 phase 1 awards

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-01-01

    Non-proprietary proposal abstracts of Phase 1 Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) projects supported by NASA are presented. Projects in the fields of aeronautical propulsion, aerodynamics, acoustics, aircraft systems, materials and structures, teleoperators and robots, computer sciences, information systems, data processing, spacecraft propulsion, bioastronautics, satellite communication, and space processing are covered.

  9. Small business economics: A perspective from The Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A.R. Thurik (Roy)

    1990-01-01

    textabstractIn the analysis of economic phenomena either within or across industries there is room for integrating the role of small business. This contribution can be made by aggregation or generalization of the findings at the meso level, which again are partly based upon analyses at the micro lev

  10. 78 FR 37423 - National Small Business Week, 2013

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-20

    ... hopeful, always working hard and looking ahead for that next great idea. They are our economy's engine and... turn their dreams into reality, let us keep investing in them and doing everything we can to help our... recognize the contributions of small businesses to the competitiveness of the American economy with...

  11. Bank Consolidation and Soft Information Acquisition in Small Business Lending

    OpenAIRE

    Ogura, Yoshiaki; Uchida, Hirofumi

    2007-01-01

    We empirically examine the impact of bank consolidation on bankers' acquisition of soft information about borrowers. Using a dataset of small businesses, we found that bank mergers have a negative impact on soft information acquisition by small banks while those by large banks that have less interest in acquiring soft information irrespective of mergers have no impact. Detailed analyses of the post-merger organizational restructuring show that the measures of an increase in organizational com...

  12. APPLICATION OF PROJECT MANAGEMENT APPROACHES AT A SMALL BUSINESSES ENTERPRISES

    OpenAIRE

    Sergey V. Rajewski

    2016-01-01

    This article discusses the types of organizational structures of project management and their application in project management in small and medium-sized enterprises. Among the approaches and methods to organize projects emphasizing project management as part of the existing functional structure of the enterprise. Analyzed the most relevant organizational tools of project management in small business: a network schedule; matrix distribution of administrative and management tasks of the projec...

  13. World Standards Day 14 October 2006 Standards: big benefits for small business

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    @@ Small business could claim to be the world's biggest business. It is estimated that more than 95 per cent of the world's businesses are small to medium sized. Thus, international standards need to provide as many benefits for small businesses as they do for global enterprises, governments and society at large.

  14. 77 FR 14303 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Women-Owned Small Business (WOSB) Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-09

    ... Economically Disadvantaged Women-Owned Small Business (EDWOSB) Concerns (APR 2012) (15 U.S.C. 637(m)).'' 4. On...: ``(25) 52.219-30, Notice of Set-Aside for Women-Owned Small Business (WOSB) Concerns Eligible Under the... Business Concerns Eligible Under the Women-Owned Small Business Program (APR 2012)'' BILLING CODE......

  15. 77 FR 36034 - Notice of Funding Availability for the Small Business Transportation Resource Center Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-15

    ... business enterprises (DBE), women owned small businesses (WOSB), HubZone, service disabled veteran owned... Office of the Secretary Notice of Funding Availability for the Small Business Transportation Resource...), Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization (OSDBU). ACTION: Notice of Funding...

  16. 75 FR 61604 - Small Business Size Standards; Accommodation and Food Services Industries

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-06

    ... Historically Underutilized Business Zones (HUBZone), women owned small businesses and service disabled veteran... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 13 CFR Part 121 RIN: 3245-AF71 Small Business Size Standards; Accommodation and Food...

  17. 75 FR 23319 - Notice of Funding Availability for the Small Business Transportation Resource Center Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-03

    ... to: 8(a), Disadvantaged business enterprises (DBE), women owned small business (WOB), HubZone... Office of the Secretary of Transportation Notice of Funding Availability for the Small Business...), Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization (OSDBU) announces the opportunity for;...

  18. 78 FR 4973 - Notice of Funding Availability for the Small Business Transportation Resource Center Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-23

    ... business enterprises (DBE), women owned small businesses (WOSB), HubZone, service disabled veteran owned... Office of the Secretary Notice of Funding Availability for the Small Business Transportation Resource...), Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization (OSDBU). ACTION: Notice of Funding...

  19. 77 FR 42790 - Notice of Funding Availability for the Small Business Transportation Resource Center Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-20

    ... business enterprises (DBE), women owned small businesses (WOSB), HubZone, service disabled veteran owned... Office of the Secretary of Transportation Notice of Funding Availability for the Small Business Transportation Resource Center Program AGENCY: Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization...

  20. 75 FR 42181 - Notice of Funding Availability for the Small Business Transportation Resource Center Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-20

    ...: 8(a), disadvantaged business enterprises (DBE), women owned small business (WOB), HubZone, service... Office of the Secretary of Transportation Notice of Funding Availability for the Small Business...), Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization (OSDBU) announces the opportunity for:...

  1. 13 CFR 107.865 - Control of a Small Business by a Licensee.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Group”), may exercise Control over a Small Business for purposes connected to your investment, through... BUSINESS INVESTMENT COMPANIES Financing of Small Businesses by Licensees Structuring Licensee's Financing... any investment agreement. (b) Presumption of control. Control over a Small Business based on ownership...

  2. 75 FR 69151 - Small Business Jobs Act: 504 Loan Program Debt Refinancing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-10

    ... ADMINISTRATION Small Business Jobs Act: 504 Loan Program Debt Refinancing AGENCY: U.S. Small Business... notice to announce the location, date, time and agenda for a meeting regarding the Small Business Jobs... Business Jobs Act (Pub. L. 111-240). The purpose of the meeting is for the SBA Office of...

  3. 76 FR 63151 - Small Business Jobs Act: 504 Loan Program Debt Refinancing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-12

    ... Small Business Jobs Act: 504 Loan Program Debt Refinancing AGENCY: U.S. Small Business Administration... the Small Business Jobs Act of 2010, which authorizes projects approved for financing under Title V of... Business Jobs Act of 2010 (Jobs Act). See 76 FR 9213. This provision of the Jobs Act temporarily...

  4. Design and Delivery of a New Course of Information Technology for Small Business

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Shouhong; Wang, Hai

    2015-01-01

    Many university or college business programs offer majors or concentrations of small business management, but few of them offer a course of information technology (IT) for small business, despite the fact that IT plays an important role in the management of innovative small businesses. While introductory information systems (IS) courses emphasize…

  5. 26 CFR 1.50A-5 - Electing small business corporations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Electing small business corporations. 1.50A-5... business corporations. (a) In general—(1) Termination of employment by a corporation. If an electing small business corporation (as defined in section 1371(b)) or a former electing small business...

  6. Small business in Russia: everyday issues and development constraints

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Polina Mikhailovna Kozyreva

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The article is based on the data of “Russian longitudinal monitoring survey of economic situation and public health NRU HSE” (RLMS-HSE and considers current issues and specifics of social well-being of entrepreneurs engaged in small business – managers of micro-enterprises and individual entrepreneurs as one of the least protected professional groups who face great difficulties in organizing their business. The analysis confirms that numerous lingering problems impeding their work cause a reduction in the level of entrepreneurial activity, significantly worsen the social well-being of entrepreneurs and force many of them to change professional and life plans. The study reveals that social well-being of entrepreneurs engaged in small business is complex and uncertain; it is a consequence of an inconsistency between conditions of life and work, and the heterogeneity of this category of employees. They feel happy more often than wage workers. However, possessing a relatively high level of job satisfaction and life satisfaction in general, and having higher self-assessment of professional skills, small-scale entrepreneurs are less concerned with the low prestige of their work and their lack of wide power and authority in comparison to other categories of employed persons; they are cautious in establishing relationships with other people and they have a comparatively low level of law-abidance. The article proves that one of the conditions for successful functioning and development of small business consists in a balanced combination of entrepreneurial activity, initiative and efficient state governance. However, today, entrepreneurial ability, which should be the main driving force of the new Russian economy, is used extremely inefficiently, which is evident from the abnormally low level of entrepreneurial activity of citizens. And only about half of those who want to start their own business or establish their own company succeed. Only a small

  7. 2005 9th Annual Army Small Business Conference

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-11-03

    5 – WOSB – S E A Wire & Cable Inc.; WOSB – Aerospace Products S.E., Inc. ; S – Camber Corporation; D/VOSB – Colsa Corporation; S – Dese Research Inc...Corporation; D/VOSB – Colsa Corporation; S – Dese Research Inc; WOSB/P – 3D Research Corporation; D/VOSB – All Points Logistics; WOSB – Byte Size...Business, Mr. Jim Regan, Director, Procurement Technical Assistance Program, GMU Small Business Innovative Research (SBIR) Opportunities, Ms. Susan

  8. Implementation of a 3D printer into a small business

    OpenAIRE

    Kodejšová, Jana

    2017-01-01

    This thesis deals with the implementation of a 3D printer into a small business. The theoret-ical part deals with technology of 3D printing, types of 3D printers, as well as basic materi-als suitable for 3D printing. The practical part is devoted to the purchasing of a 3D printer for this company that deals with the service and the supply of bicycles and other cycling needs. There is chosen the most suitable 3D printer for this business, and there are also ex-amples of specific parts that thi...

  9. Customer Relationship Marketing (CRM) Practices in Danish Small BusinessesCustomer Relationship Marketing (CRM) Practices in Danish Small Businesses

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kuada, John; Serles, Dorthe

    2006-01-01

    in the Northern Jutland region of Denmark. The results suggest that top managers in these firms endorse the strategic value of customer orientation to their businesses but do not consider CRM software packages as necessary for building strong relationships with their customers. This suggests that small firms may...

  10. BEST PRACTICES FOR SMALL BUSINESS IN RURAL AREAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aydinova A. T.

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The level and nature of the development of small agro-business in the modern Russian economy differs substantially depending on regional specifics. In this context, analysis and compilation of best practices is the development of farming will not only allow revealing the main factors of success, but will also give an opportunity both by farmers and the state authorities to effectively develop this sector. Russian experience in the development of small agro-business has not been well understood; in this context, the analysis of the practice of farming has both theoretical and practical interest. In the article, we present the analysis of management practices of small agricultural enterprises in the regions of Russia. Various forms of marketing of farm products, including the use of agro-franchise and with the use of IT-technologies have been shown

  11. The Application of Reflexivity in Small Business Research and Implications for the Business Practitioner

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harrison, Nigel; Kirkham, Janet

    2014-01-01

    This paper is based on a review of the lead author's research, which took the form of a self-narrative from a practitioner about the perceived realities of one small business and its owner. The paper explores the practical application of auto-ethnographic reflexive research methodologies and seeks to demonstrate that structured ways can be…

  12. 78 FR 45996 - Interagency Task Force on Veterans Small Business Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-30

    ... agencies to improve capital, business development opportunities and pre-established Federal contracting... contracting opportunities; (3) Increase the integrity of certifications of status as a small business; (4) Reducing paperwork and administrative burdens in accessing business development and entrepreneurship...

  13. Enhancing social media competitiveness of small businesses: insights from small pizzerias

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, Wu; Wang, Feng-Kwei; Zha, Shenghua

    2014-07-01

    Social media provide an online platform for enterprises to engage existing customers and attract new customers. Although social media can be easily set up at no cost, however, due to limited human and financial resources, many small businesses find it challenging to compete against large enterprises in social media use. While more and more small businesses have jumped on the bandwagon of social media in recent years, few studies investigated the social media strategies that can help small businesses to survive and even thrive against large competitors in the social media arena. Therefore, we studied 32 small pizzerias in a mid-size U.S. city in terms of their social media use for business. Our study found that small pizzerias emphasizing social media use on community relations and social responsibility tend to be more successful in attracting and engaging local customers. This study also sheds light on both effective strategies and successful practices of social media use by small pizzerias. The insights and recommendations identified from this study can help small businesses to enhance their social media competitiveness against large enterprises.

  14. Strategic Behavior Analysis of Small Business in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Bent Hansen

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Over recent years, small businesses have been the target of public and private investment in Brazil due to the appreciation of their economic and social impact. The growth of small businesses in Brazil has stimulated a demand for greater knowledge and a broader understanding of their peculiarities. Hence, this paper aims to propose a framework for analyzing the strategic behavior for small businesses. To test the suitability of this analytical framework, qualitative research was conducted based on descriptive and exploratory case studies involving three small companies in the construction sector in the Rio Grande do Sul state, Brazil. The results show that: (i based on the proposed analytical structure it was possible to identifythe idiosyncrasies and the conflicts between strategy, structure and processes in such firms; (ii the strategic behavior ofthe firms is not stable, since they demonstrate the ability to change the prevailing strategic behavior based on strategicdecisions that reinforce the strategic typologies studied and; (iii it is possible to identify opportunities to strengthen certainstrategic behavior of firms.

  15. THE INFLUENCE OF IMPLEMENTING THE STRATEGIC POLICY IN CREATING BUSINESS CLIMATE, BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT AND PROVIDING SUPPORT FACILITIES TOWARDS BUSINESS EMPOWERMENT ON SMALL MEDIUM CRAFT ENTERPRISES IN AMBON INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josef Papilaya

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available This study aims at analyzing and explaining whether there was the influence of implementing the strategic policy in creating business climate, business environment and providing support facilities towards empowerment on small and medium enterprises as well as whether there is synchronously influence of implementing the strategic policy in creating business climate, business environment and providing support facilities for business empowerment on small and medium scale enterprises through a survey in the city of Ambon. The results show, that there is a positive and significant effect of implementing the strategic policy in creating business climate to empower small and medium enterprises. There is a positive and significant effect on the business environment toward the empowerment of small and medium enterprises, there is a positive and significant effect of providing support facilities toward the empowerment of small and medium enterprises, and there is a positive and significant simultaneously effect in business climate, business environment and support facilities for business towards the empowerment of small business in Ambon city. Empowerment programs are conducted to maintain a conducive business climate, including: 1. the innovation promotion, 2. enhancing human resources through training development; 3. providing financial support, 4. giving support to the marketing strategy, 5. opening the business partnership. While the supporting facilities granted to small and medium enterprises including: 1. giving the fishing boat for the Fishermen, 2. providing the workshop (machine shop service facilities to small crafts business Enterprises, 3. establish vendors for small enterprises, 4. provide the area for street vendors, 5. provide tents for merchants culinary who work at night. Providing the assistance to encourage the business climate and create conducive business environment.

  16. 76 FR 32257 - Small Business Size Standards; Waiver of the Nonmanufacturer Rule

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-03

    ..., women-owned small businesses, or Participants in the SBA's 8(a) BD Program provide the product of a... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Small Business Size Standards; Waiver of the Nonmanufacturer Rule AGENCY: U.S. Small...

  17. 75 FR 68394 - Small Business Size Standards: Waiver of the Nonmanufacturer Rule

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-05

    ... (BD) Program, or Women-Owned Small Business (WOSB) concerns. DATES: This waiver is effective November... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Small Business Size Standards: Waiver of the Nonmanufacturer Rule AGENCY: U.S. Small...

  18. 75 FR 28077 - Small Business Size Standards: Waiver of the Nonmanufacturer Rule

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-19

    ... ``class of products'' for which there are no small business manufacturers or processors available to... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Small Business Size Standards: Waiver of the Nonmanufacturer Rule AGENCY: U.S. Small...

  19. 75 FR 38156 - Small Business Size Standards: Waiver of the Nonmanufacturer Rule

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    .... SUMMARY: The U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA) is considering granting a class waiver of the... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Small Business Size Standards: Waiver of the Nonmanufacturer Rule AGENCY: U.S. Small...

  20. 75 FR 47036 - Small Business Size Standards: Waiver of the Nonmanufacturer Rule

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-04

    ...-Portable). SUMMARY: The U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA) is granting a class waiver of the... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Small Business Size Standards: Waiver of the Nonmanufacturer Rule AGENCY: U.S. Small...

  1. 75 FR 40857 - Small Business Size Standards: Waiver of the Nonmanufacturer Rule

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-14

    ... sources of small business manufacturers of this class of products. No comments were received in response... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Small Business Size Standards: Waiver of the Nonmanufacturer Rule AGENCY: U.S. Small...

  2. The reduced VAT rate for small business in Croatia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mira Dimitrić

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper assesses the potential effects of introduction of the reduced VAT rate for small business, based on the EU VAT legislation development. The analysis includes effects on prices, sales, shadow economy and employment. It starts with the assumption of no substantial effect. Survey for Croatia is done by small business owners’ interviews and encompasses descriptive and inferential statistics based on parametric tests. The EU expected existence of a link between VAT reduction, price reduction, sales increase and positive effects on employment (as well as decline in the shadow economy is proved even in this research. However, the pass-through to prices is very moderate as well as other effects. The reduced VAT rate could have some positive results for the restaurants and bars only. There exists also some possibility for construction of housing and construction services related to housing as well as some other labour intensive services.

  3. Small Business Innovation Research. Abstracts of Phase I awards, 1999

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1999-12-01

    This booklet presents technical abstracts of Phase I awards made in Fiscal Year (FY) 1999 under the DOE Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program. SBIR research explores innovative concepts in important technological and scientific areas that can lead to valuable new technology and products. The work described in the abstracts is novel, high-risk research, but the benefits will also be potentially high if the objectives are met. Brief comments on the potential applications, as described by the awardee, are given after each abstract. Individuals and organizations, including venture capital and larger industrial firms, with an interest in the research described in any of the abstracts are encouraged to contact the appropriate small business directly.

  4. Teaching an Old Dog New Tricks: Disaster Recovery in a Small Business Context

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rossmiller, Zach; Lawrence, Cameron; Clouse, Shawn; Looney, Clayton

    2017-01-01

    Many entrepreneurs and small business owners lack disaster recovery plans, which minimize business disruptions caused by failures of critical technical systems. Typically, technology is not the main focus for a small business owner, as most of their time is spent focused on business operations. This case study demonstrates that when a business…

  5. 13 CFR 121.1010 - How does a concern become recertified as a small business?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false How does a concern become recertified as a small business? 121.1010 Section 121.1010 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS... Protests and Requests for Formal Size Determinations § 121.1010 How does a concern become recertified as...

  6. Finance Companies and Small Business Borrowers: An Empirical Investigation

    OpenAIRE

    Haynes, George; Watts, Myles

    1996-01-01

    Finance companies have been perceived as isolated and insignificant lenders, attracting high risk borrowers and charging these borrowers relatively high prices. Using the 1988 National Survey of Small Business Finance, this study examines the relationship between finance companies and other lenders, describes the characteristics of borrowers attracted to finance companies and assesses whether finance companies charge higher loan prices and impose more stringent collateral requirements on thei...

  7. Holonic Business Process Modeling in Small to Medium Sized Enterprises

    OpenAIRE

    Nur Budi Mulyono; Tezar Yuliansyah Saputra; Nur Arief Rahmatsyah

    2012-01-01

    Holonic modeling analysis which is the application of system thinking in design, manage, and improvement, is used in a novel context for business process modeling. An approach and techniques of holon and holarchies is presented specifically for small and medium sized enterprise process modeling development. The fitness of the approach is compared with well known reductionist or task breakdown approach. The strength and weaknesses of the holonic modeling is discussed with illustrating case exa...

  8. 13 CFR 125.13 - May 8(a) Program participants, HUBZone SBCs, Small and Disadvantaged Businesses, or Women-Owned...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ..., HUBZone SBCs, Small and Disadvantaged Businesses, or Women-Owned Small Businesses qualify as SDVO SBCs..., HUBZone SBCs, Small and Disadvantaged Businesses, or Women-Owned Small Businesses qualify as SDVO SBCs? Yes, 8(a) Program participants, HUBZone SBCs, Small and Disadvantaged Businesses, and......

  9. 76 FR 9680 - Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement; Repeal of the Small Business Competitiveness...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-22

    ... Regulation Supplement; Repeal of the Small Business Competitiveness Demonstration Program (DFARS Case 2011... Competitiveness Demonstration Program. DATES: Effective Date: February 22, 2011. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT....S.C. 644 note). The repeal of the Small Business Competitiveness Demonstration Program...

  10. Social-economic role of small business in services sphere in the progressive development of Russia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lyudmila G. Rudenko

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective to assess the socioeconomic significance of small business in the services sector of national economy and to develop effective tools of its infrastructural support basing on the characteristics of the services sector. Methods systematic approach was applied to identify the characteristics of small businesses in the services sector methods of comparative and statistical analysis were used to assess the contribution of small business in service sector to the economic development of the country methods of analysis and synthesis revealed problems of development of small business in service sector program and target method was used to develop infrastructural tools to support small businesses. Results social and economic characteristics of small business in services were determined the contribution of small business in service sector into the economic progress of the country was assessed the problems and peculiarities of development of small entrepreneurship in services were identified and examined. Basing on the analysis of problems of small business growth and its role in the progressive development of the economy the necessity of state support is proved and the effective tools of infrastructure support for small businesses are determined basing on the characteristics of the service sector. Scientific novelty the characteristics of small business in services are identified and grouped by economic and social principle the growing contribution of the small business in service sector to the Russian economy is proved and its backlog from the developed economies is confirmed problems hindering the development of small business are identified. Basing on the problems effective tools for small business support are developed and offered. Practical significance the main provisions and conclusions of the research can be used in scientific activity to study the development and infrastructural support of small business in services sectors they can be

  11. Competition, small business financing, and discrimination: evidence from a new survey

    OpenAIRE

    Ken Cavalluzzo; Linda Cavalluzzo; John D. Wolken

    1999-01-01

    Using data from the 1993 National Survey of Small Business Finances, we examine some of the factors influencing differences in small business credit market experiences across demographic groups. We analyze credit applications, loan denials, and interest rates paid across gender, race and ethnicity of small business owners. In addition, we analyze data gathered from small business owners who said they did not apply for credit because they believed that their application would have been turned ...

  12. Banking Expectations: Do Bankers Really Understand the Needs of the Small Business Customer?

    OpenAIRE

    Nielsen, James F.; Rowan M. Trayler; Brown, Bonnie M.

    1995-01-01

    This study examines the expectations that both small business firms and bankers have regarding the bank selection process. The purpose of the study is to determine whether or not bankers understand the needs of the small business customer. It is based on a nationwide survey of 115 small business firms and 296 banks. In seven instances, statistically significant differences in expectations are noted. The results suggest a communication gap in the small business/commercial bank relationship.

  13. 77 FR 56755 - Small Business Size Standards; Adoption of 2012 North American Industry Classification System for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-14

    ... modifications of the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) into its table of small business size... RIN 3245-AG47 Small Business Size Standards; Adoption of 2012 North American Industry Classification System for Size Standards; Correction AGENCY: U.S. Small Business Administration. ACTION: Interim...

  14. 10 CFR 600.7 - Small and disadvantaged and women-owned business participation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Small and disadvantaged and women-owned business... ASSISTANCE RULES General § 600.7 Small and disadvantaged and women-owned business participation. (a) DOE encourages the participation in financial assistance awards of small businesses, including those owned...

  15. 77 FR 17352 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Women-Owned Small Business (WOSB) Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-26

    ... Federal Acquisition Regulation; Women-Owned Small Business (WOSB) Program Correction In rule document 2012...-Aside for Women-Owned Small Business (WOSB) Concerns Eligible Under the WOSB Program (APR 2012) (15 U.S... Disadvantaged Women- Owned Small Business Concerns. * * * * * Notice of Set-Aside for Economically...

  16. 77 FR 12913 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Women-Owned Small Business (WOSB) Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-02

    ... Regulation (FAR) to implement the Small Business Administration's regulations establishing the Women-Owned... in certain industries to economically disadvantaged women-owned small business (EDWOSB) concerns or... Appendix I of the Act amended the Small Business Act to provide for a procurement program for...

  17. Small Firms, Big Opportunities: The Potential of Careers for Business Graduates in SMEs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmadi, Mohammad; Helms, Marilyn M.

    1997-01-01

    The current business climate enables small businesses to grow faster, creating more advancement opportunities. Business graduates should consider small and medium-sized employers with good growth prospects and work environments satisfying their preferences, but should have realistic expectations of working in small companies. (SK)

  18. 76 FR 63542 - Small Business Jobs Act: Implementation of Conforming and Technical Amendments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-13

    ... 125 RIN 3245-AG15 Small Business Jobs Act: Implementation of Conforming and Technical Amendments... contains various amendments conforming SBA regulations to changes made by the Small Business Jobs Act of... resulting from the Small Business Jobs Act of 2010 (SBJA), Public Law 111-240, which was enacted...

  19. 76 FR 18375 - Small Business Jobs Act: Eligible Loans for 504 Loan Program Debt Refinancing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-04

    ... ADMINISTRATION 13 CFR Part 120 Small Business Jobs Act: Eligible Loans for 504 Loan Program Debt Refinancing... Small Business Jobs Act. DATES: Effective Date: This document is effective April 4, 2011. FOR FURTHER... the Small Business Jobs Act (Jobs Act), Public Law 111-240, 124 Stat. 2504, only loans that...

  20. 76 FR 26948 - Small Business Jobs Act Tour: Selected Provisions Having an Effect on Government Contracting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-10

    ... ADMINISTRATION 13 CFR Parts 121, 124, 125, 126, and 127 Small Business Jobs Act Tour: Selected Provisions Having... provisions of the Small Business Jobs Act of 2010 (SBJA). This document corrects the DATES section and the Event Information table. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Richard L. Miller, Small Business Job's...

  1. 77 FR 42831 - Office of Domestic Finance; Small Business, Community Development and Affordable Housing Policy...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-20

    ... for small businesses. This survey is not required by law, but the SBLF Securities Purchase Agreement... Office of Domestic Finance; Small Business, Community Development and Affordable Housing Policy; Small Business Lending Fund; Proposed Collection; Comment Request ACTION: Notice and request for...

  2. 77 FR 19750 - Office of Domestic Finance; Small Business, Community Development and Affordable Housing Policy...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-02

    ... Act to increase the availability of credit for small businesses. This survey is not required by law... Office of Domestic Finance; Small Business, Community Development and Affordable Housing Policy; Small Business Lending Fund; Proposed Collection; Comment Request ACTION: Notice and request for...

  3. 77 FR 20292 - Small Business Investment Companies-Conflicts of Interest and Investment of Idle Funds

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-04

    ... ADMINISTRATION 13 CFR Part 107 RIN 3245-AF56 Small Business Investment Companies--Conflicts of Interest and.... Small Business Administration is revising a rule which prohibits a small business investment company... requirements. Second, it expands the types of investments an SBIC is permitted to make with its ``idle...

  4. 77 FR 2600 - Revocation of License of Small Business Investment Company

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-18

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Revocation of License of Small Business Investment Company Pursuant to the authority granted to the United States Small Business Administration by the Wind-Up Order of the United States...

  5. 77 FR 37089 - Revocation of License of Small Business Investment Company

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-20

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Revocation of License of Small Business Investment Company Pursuant to the authority granted to the United States Small Business Administration by the Wind-Up Order of the United States...

  6. 77 FR 12640 - Revocation of License of Small Business Investment Company

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-01

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Revocation of License of Small Business Investment Company Pursuant to the authority granted to the United States Small Business Administration by the Wind-Up Order of the United States...

  7. 48 CFR 419.602-3 - Resolving differences between the agency and the Small Business Administration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... between the agency and the Small Business Administration. 419.602-3 Section 419.602-3 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS SMALL BUSINESS PROGRAMS Certificates of... Small Business Administration. The HCA is authorized to appeal the issuance of a COC to SBA...

  8. 32 CFR 644.508 - Agreement with Small Business Administration (SBA) on sale of timber.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Agreement with Small Business Administration (SBA..., Crops, and Embedded Gravel, Sand and Stone § 644.508 Agreement with Small Business Administration (SBA... development of a program of assistance for small concerns operating in the timber business. This agreement...

  9. 48 CFR 19.602-3 - Resolving differences between the agency and the Small Business Administration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... between the agency and the Small Business Administration. 19.602-3 Section 19.602-3 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS SMALL BUSINESS PROGRAMS Certificates... and the Small Business Administration. (a) COCs valued between $100,000 and $25,000,000. (1)...

  10. 48 CFR 19.403 - Small Business Administration breakout procurement center representatives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Small Business Administration 19.403 Small Business Administration breakout procurement center... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Small Business Administration breakout procurement center representatives. 19.403 Section 19.403 Federal Acquisition...

  11. 48 CFR 819.602-3 - Resolving differences between VA and the Small Business Administration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... between VA and the Small Business Administration. 819.602-3 Section 819.602-3 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS SMALL BUSINESS PROGRAMS Certificates... Small Business Administration. The Director, OSDBU, is the VA liaison with the SBA. Information...

  12. 10 CFR 600.381 - Special provisions for Small Business Innovation Research Grants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Special provisions for Small Business Innovation Research... Organizations Additional Provisions § 600.381 Special provisions for Small Business Innovation Research Grants. (a) General. This section contains provisions applicable to the Small Business Innovation...

  13. 75 FR 52789 - Small Business Size Standards: Waiver of the Nonmanufacturer Rule

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-27

    ... and Mitten Manufacturing). According to the request, no small business manufacturers supply this class... Nonmanufacturer Rule for any ``class of products'' for which there are no small business manufacturers or... in the Federal market for a class of products, a small business manufacturer must have submitted...

  14. 77 FR 6579 - Vendor Outreach Workshop for Small Information Technology (IT) Businesses in the National Capitol...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-08

    ... Office of the Secretary Vendor Outreach Workshop for Small Information Technology (IT) Businesses in the.... SUMMARY: The Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization of the Department of the Interior is hosting a Vendor Outreach Workshop for small IT businesses in the National Capitol region of the...

  15. 26 CFR 1.641(c)-1 - Electing small business trust.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Electing small business trust. 1.641(c)-1...) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Estates, Trusts, and Beneficiaries § 1.641(c)-1 Electing small business trust. (a) In general. An electing small business trust (ESBT) within the meaning of section...

  16. 48 CFR 252.219-7004 - Small business subcontracting plan (test program).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... AND CONTRACT CLAUSES Text of Provisions And Clauses 252.219-7004 Small business subcontracting plan... contract or subcontract. (b) The Offeror's comprehensive small business subcontracting plan and its... “Utilization of Small Business Concerns,” or (2) an approved plan required by this clause, shall be a...

  17. 48 CFR 2452.219-70 - Small business subcontracting plan compliance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... of Provisions and Clauses 2452.219-70 Small business subcontracting plan compliance. As prescribed in 2419.708(d), insert the following provision: Small Business Subcontracting Plan Compliance (FEB 2006... the clause at FAR 52.219-9, Small Business Subcontracting Plan. (c) The government will...

  18. 76 FR 63509 - Small Business Size Standards: Administrative and Support, Waste Management and Remediation Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-12

    ... 121 RIN 3245-AG27 Small Business Size Standards: Administrative and Support, Waste Management and... Small Business Administration 13 CFR Part 121 Small Business Size Standards: Administrative and Support, Waste Management and Remediation Services; Proposed Rule #0;#0;Federal Register / Vol. 76 , No....

  19. 77 FR 72691 - Small Business Size Standards: Administrative and Support, Waste Management and Remediation Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-06

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 13 CFR Part 121 RIN 3245-AG27 Small Business Size Standards: Administrative and Support, Waste Management and Remediation Services AGENCY: U.S. Small Business Administration. ACTION: Final rule....

  20. 48 CFR 19.507 - Automatic dissolution of a small business set-aside.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Automatic dissolution of a small business set-aside. 19.507 Section 19.507 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL... Automatic dissolution of a small business set-aside. (a) If a small business set-aside acquisition or...

  1. 75 FR 62897 - National Small Business Development Center Advisory Board Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-13

    ... ADMINISTRATION National Small Business Development Center Advisory Board Meeting AGENCY: U.S. Small Business... National Small Business Development Center (SBDC) Advisory Board. DATES: The meetings for the fourth... Committee Act (5 U.S.C. Appendix 2), SBA announces the meetings of the National SBDC Advisory Board....

  2. Business strategy versus human resources strategy: the influence of the founder in small business

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliana Popp Barbosa Lima

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Small and medium-sized businesses with familiar characteristics have been object of study in recent years, especially about the succession process, considering it is extremely critical to the longevity and sustainability of the organization. However, the figure of the founder and its impact in these organizations is less explored in academia. Thus, this article seeks to fill this gap, addressing the influences of the founder in the dissemination of business and HR strategies in these companies. Through a qualitative and quantitative research, there was a case of a single organization study seeking further analysis of the subject. The collection of qualitative data was given through an interview with semi-structured interview with the founder of the organization and the qualitative by applying a questionnaire with closed questions with officials of various hierarchical levels. It was observed that the personal values and the founding principles are permeated the organization, reflected in the mission and values of the company, as well as how the founder treats topics such as business strategy and the role of people management are decisive for inclusion and driving these topics within family-based organizations. The purpose of analyzing the spread of business strategies and human resources of the Founder has been reached. It was found that, in general, strategies portray the way of the Founder, however, the spread of these to the various hierarchical levels, demonstrates a more complex, as in the HRM.

  3. America Saves! Energizing Main Street's Small Businesses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lindberg, James [National Trust for Historic Preservation, Washington, DC (United States)

    2016-09-30

    The America Saves! Energizing Main Street Small Businesses project engaged the 1,200-member National Main Street Center (NMSC) network of downtown organizations and other local, regional, and national partners to test a methodology for sharing customized energy efficiency information with owners of commercial buildings smaller than 50,000 square feet. Led by the National Trust for Historic Preservation’s Preservation Green Lab, the project marshalled local staff and volunteers to gather voluntarily-disclosed energy use information from participating businesses. This information was analyzed using a remote auditing tool (validated by the National Renewable Energy Lab) to assess energy savings opportunities and design retrofit strategies targeting seven building types (food service and sales, attached mixed-use, strip mall, retail, office, lodging, and schools). The original project design contemplated extensive leveraging of the Green Button protocol for sharing annualized utility data at a district scale. Due the lack of adoption of Green Button, the project partners developed customized approaches to data collection in each of twelve pilot communities. The project team encountered considerable challenges in gathering standardized annual utility data from local partners. After overcoming these issues, the data was uploaded to a data storehouse. Over 450 properties were benchmarked and the remote auditing tool was tested using full building profiles and utility records for more than 100 commercial properties in three of the pilot communities. The audit tool demonstrated potential for quickly capturing, analyzing, and communicating energy efficiency opportunities in small commercial buildings. However, the project team found that the unique physical characteristics and use patterns (partial vacancy, periodic intensive uses) of small commercial buildings required more trouble-shooting and data correction than was anticipated. In addition, the project revealed that

  4. Trend Analysis of Small Business in the Donetsk Region

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    The article analyzes the trends of development of small business in the Donetsk region in 2006–2010. Identified priority economic activities of small enterprises in order to develop them further. Proposed the measures to improve the performance of small businesses in the Donetsk region.В статье проанализированы тенденции развития малого предпринимательства в Донецкой области за 2006–2010 гг. Выделены приоритетные виды экономической деятельности малых предприятий с целью их дальнейшего развити...

  5. Developing a framework to enable small business enterprises to be sustainable / Amos Kutlwano Dikgwatlhe

    OpenAIRE

    Dikgwatlhe, Amos Kutlwano

    2014-01-01

    The South African government, in its attempt to curb unemployment, continues to promote and facilitate the establishment of small businesses. The promotion of businesses is evident through the development of policies, establishment of supporting agencies and the formation of the new ministry, Department of Small Business Development. The government acknowledges the contribution of small businesses in relation to job creation, poverty alleviation and having an inclusive economy. There are d...

  6. The influence of cooperative relations of small businesses on environmental protection intensity

    OpenAIRE

    Benito Hernandez, Sonia; Platero Jaime, Manuel; Esteban Sánchez, Pablo

    2015-01-01

    This study examines the relationship between one of the most important policies of social responsibility in manufacturing: the protection of the environment and cooperative business relations in small businesses (fewer than 50 employees). For this, we performed a literature review and an empirical study of 930 small manufacturing firms in Spain. Results indicate that small businesses that maintain and improve their cooperative relations through business networking with universities, competito...

  7. Gender and Small Business Success: An Inquiry into Women's Relative Disadvantage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loscocco, Karyn A.; And Others

    1991-01-01

    Among 540 successful small businesses in New England, female-owned businesses had lower sales volumes and produced lower incomes than male-owned businesses. The smaller size of women's businesses was the major explanatory factor, followed by women's lack of experience and concentration in less profitable industries. Contains 66 references. (SV)

  8. EFFECT OF MARKET ORIENTATION ON SMALL BUSINESS PERORMANCE IN SMALL TOWN IN MALAYSIA: AN EMPRICAL STUDY ON MALAYSIAN SMALL FIRMS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Masroor ALAM

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Most research on market orientation, and performance was related to big firms. In this study, based on the theoretical framework, a model was developed to investigate the effect of market orientation on business performance in small firms. To test the relationships among the variables, data from 53 small firms in the small town of Chunglun at Sintok, Kedah was used. The findings show that the three components of market orientation are related positive to business performance of small firms. The further analysis also confirmed that customer orientation and competitor orientation are strong predictors of small firm performance. The findings of this study confirm that market orientation behavior also applies to small firms.

  9. Small Business Innovation Research: Abstracts of Phase 1 awards, 1994

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1994-12-31

    The Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program enables DOE to obtain effective, innovative solutions to important problems through the private sector, which has a commercial incentive to pursue the resulting technology and bring it to the marketplace. The growing number of awardees, many of them started in business in response to SBIR solicitations, is becoming a significant resource for the solution of high risk, high technology problems for the Department. As detailed here, this publication describes the technical efforts for SBIR Phase 1 awards in 1994. It is intended for the educated layman, and may be of particular interest to potential investors who wish to get in on the ground floor of exciting opportunities. Contained in this booklet are abstracts of the Phase 1 awards made in FY 1994 under the DOE SBIR program. The 212 Phase 1 projects described here were selected in a highly competitive process from a total of 2,276 grant applications received in response to the 1994 DOE annual SBIR Solicitation. The selections for awards were made on scientific and technical merit, as judged against the specific criteria listed in the Solicitation. Conclusions were reached on the basis of detailed reports returned by reviewers drawn from DOE laboratories, universities, private industry, and government. (Any discrepancies noted in prior DOE releases naming the firms selected for awards are due either to the firm changing its name after the award selection or to the firm not proceeding to a signed grant.) It is expected that between one-third and one-half of the Phase 1 projects will be continued into Phase 2. The work described in the abstracts is novel, high-risk research, but the benefits will also be potentially high if the objectives are met. Brief comments on the potential applications are given after each abstract. Individuals and organizations with an interest in the research described are encouraged to contact the appropriate small business directly.

  10. Small Business Financing – an Economic Growth Stimulator

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lilia Ivas

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Small business is an important lever for solving a whole complex of political, economic and social problems, taking into consideration its effectiveness in society. It attracts population to promote economic reforms, it fulfils the market with goods and services, it creats new job places, it grows entrepreneurial spirit and entrepreneurial culture, developes a careful attitude towards property, forms a progressive structure of the national economy. We can deduce after the research in this article that as an independent and irreplaceable structure, the small and medium enterprise sector in Moldova constitutes one of the most efficient levers that contribute at solutioning the economic and social problems. It also is a factor which structurally transforms the economy, consolidates its economic base and its zones, fulfils in an accelerate mode the market with goods and services, attenuates the monopolism and favours competition development, implementation of scientific and technical achievements, the country's increasing export opportunities, providing new jobs to a large number of people .

  11. Crowdfunding as alternative financial resource for small business

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. S. Suvorov

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The article presents topical characteristics of small business importance in the economy. The main features of this category of companies are presented, the topicality of searching alternative funding form for functioning in the macroeconomic instability is proved. It shows that in the crisis period of economy priority funding sources might become less affordable. As an alternative the author suggests crowdfunding. The main forms of crowdfunding such as crowdinvesting and crowdlending are presented. The article deals with economic substance of each form of crowdfunding. Worldwide crowdfunding volumes are analyzed; the barriers of Russian development of this phenomenon are presented. The differences between crowdfunding and charity are shown, crowdfunding classification depending on type of rewards is presented. The essence of each type of rewards is revealed. The classification system of crowdinvesting depending on type of capital is shown. The total amount of funds raised by crowdinvesting platforms is presented. Author highlights crowdinvesting volume forecast in Russia. Crowdlending classification depends on financial direction is shown. The main participants of crowdlending process such as banks, credit bureaus and collectors are considered. The author describes detailed scheme of their interaction. The main features and key participants of crowdlending platform functioning are revealed. Average value of crowdlending financing is pointed out by the author. The author distinguishes topical reasons of insufficient functioning of crowdlending platforms in our country. The article presents authors position in regard to the crowdfunding forms of financing for small business.

  12. 48 CFR 719.271-2 - The USAID Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization (SDB).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... and Disadvantaged Business Utilization (SDB). 719.271-2 Section 719.271-2 Federal Acquisition Regulations System AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS SMALL BUSINESS PROGRAMS Policies 719.271-2 The USAID Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization (SDB). (a) SDB...

  13. 48 CFR 19.402 - Small Business Administration procurement center representatives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Business Administration 19.402 Small Business Administration procurement center representatives. (a)(1) The... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Small Business Administration procurement center representatives. 19.402 Section 19.402 Federal Acquisition Regulations...

  14. 48 CFR 18.114 - Contracting with the Small Business Administration (The 8(a) Program).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Business Administration (The 8(a) Program). 18.114 Section 18.114 Federal Acquisition Regulations System... Acquisition Flexibilities 18.114 Contracting with the Small Business Administration (The 8(a) Program). Contracts may be awarded to the Small Business Administration (SBA) for performance by eligible 8(a)...

  15. 76 FR 45847 - Vendor Outreach Workshop for Small Businesses in New Mexico of the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-01

    ... Office of the Secretary Vendor Outreach Workshop for Small Businesses in New Mexico of the United States... Vendor Outreach Workshop for small businesses in the State of New Mexico of the United States that are interested in doing business with each agency. This outreach workshop will review market...

  16. 48 CFR 52.219-4 - Notice of price evaluation preference for HUBZone small business concerns.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... successful offers from small business concerns. (2) The factor of 10 percent shall be applied on a line item... preference for HUBZone small business concerns. 52.219-4 Section 52.219-4 Federal Acquisition Regulations... business concerns. As prescribed in 19.1308(b), insert the following clause: Notice of Price...

  17. 48 CFR 19.503 - Setting aside a class of acquisitions for small business.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Setting aside a class of acquisitions for small business. (a) A class of acquisitions of selected products... business concerns if individual acquisitions in the class will meet the criteria in 19.502-1, 19.502-2, or 19.502-3(a). The determination to make a class small business set-aside shall not depend on...

  18. 48 CFR 52.219-7 - Notice of Partial Small Business Set-Aside.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... the acquisition is for a product in a class for which the Small Business Administration has determined... Business Set-Aside. 52.219-7 Section 52.219-7 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION... Clauses 52.219-7 Notice of Partial Small Business Set-Aside. As prescribed in 19.508(d), insert...

  19. 48 CFR 52.219-6 - Notice of Total Small Business Set-Aside.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... is for a product in a class for which the Small Business Administration has determined that there are... Business Set-Aside. 52.219-6 Section 52.219-6 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION... Clauses 52.219-6 Notice of Total Small Business Set-Aside. As prescribed in 19.508(c), insert...

  20. 49 CFR 1.62 - Delegations to the Director of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Delegations to the Director of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization. 1.62 Section 1.62 Transportation Office of the Secretary of Transportation... Disadvantaged Business Utilization. The Director of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization is delegated...

  1. 77 FR 24553 - Announcement of National Small Business Week Video Contest Under the America Competes...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-24

    ... service such as SCORE, Small Business Development Centers (SBDCs), Women's Business Centers (WBCs..., siblings, parents, children, grandparents, and grandchildren, whether as ``in-laws'', or by current or past... for potential small business owners; Creativity and uniqueness of video concept; use of SBA...

  2. 26 CFR 1.50B-2 - Electing small business corporations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Electing small business corporations. 1.50B-2... business corporations. (a) General rule—(1) In general. In the case of an electing small business corporation (as defined in section 1371 (b)), WIN expenses (as defined in paragraph (a) of § 1.50B-1) shall...

  3. Defense Cybersecurity: Opportunities Exist for DOD to Share Cybersecurity Resources with Small Businesses

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-09-01

    DEFENSE CYBERSECURITY Opportunities Exist for DOD to Share Cybersecurity Resources with Small Businesses Report to...00-00-2015 to 00-00-2015 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Defense Cybersecurity : Opportunities Exist for DOD to Share Cybersecurity Resources with Small...conduct business with DOD, are vulnerable to cyber threats and may have fewer resources, such as robust cybersecurity systems, than larger businesses

  4. 77 FR 68132 - Compliance Guidance for Small Business Entities on Labeling for Bronchodilators: Cold, Cough...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-15

    ... for Bronchodilators: Cold, Cough, Allergy, Bronchodilator, and Antiasthmatic Drug Products for Over... small business entities entitled ``Labeling for Bronchodilators: Cold, Cough, Allergy, Bronchodilator... business entities entitled ``Labeling for Bronchodilators: Cold, Cough, Allergy, Bronchodilator,...

  5. Study of the interaction of factors of small business development and the education market in Russia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olga Angelova

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The article discusses the theoretical and methodological aspects of business development, perceptual ambiguity of the term, the dependence of the development of small business in Russia on the state of the education market and the labor force.

  6. 77 FR 71471 - Interagency Task Force on Veterans Small Business Development; Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-30

    ... accessing business development and entrepreneurship opportunities; (5) Increasing and improving training and... opportunities and preestablished Federal contracting goals for small business concerns owned and controlled by... goals, including mentor prot g and matching with contracting opportunities; (3) Increase the integrity...

  7. Business Management Practices for Small to Medium Sized Forest Products Firms

    OpenAIRE

    Espinoza, Omar Alejandro; Smith, Robert,

    2015-01-01

    This book offers advice and information for starting and guiding a small forest products business. It emphasizes the importance of business planning, human resource planning, marketing, and operations and financial management.

  8. SMALL AGRO-BUSINESS IN THE IMPORT SUBSTITUTION CONDITIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lisovskaya R. N.

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with problems and possibilities in agriculture import substitution conditions and considers the significant role of small agrarian forms in this economy processes. The article notes that the main aim of import substitution is improving the competitiveness of domestic agricultural products through greater motivation of technological, modernization and innovation policy in production, through the development of new innovative, more competitive food products with higher consumer parameters. Practice shows that the most effective substitution is carried out in the agricultural sector and the food industry. The Krasnodar region has the most efficient developed agriculture production structure with the best natural and investment climate in the country, with enlarged of crop rotation fields, excessive and relatively low labor cost with the best experience in agricultural production. The author discusses about the detail problems of import substitution with participation of small businesses in the areas of grain production, sugar beet, about the difficulties in material and technical equipment, provision of seed and other problems. The problems of the financial component in large and small businesses specifically mentions, also in the field of cost management processing, pricing, formation of gross profit. The article emphasizes the importance of recovering the lost possibilities of breeding in animal husbandry, especially in pig and cattle. The most difficult situation is with lending, where the author recommends the reduction of rates for farmers in the short and medium term lending to the level of 3-5%. The author considers a changes in the mechanism of redistribution of public support in favor of livestock very important, where there are large risks, difficulties of long-term credits, problems of technological discipline observance and more

  9. Exploring Crisis Management in U.S. Small Businesses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Jon

    As a critical infrastructure, the US electricity grid supplies electricity to 340 million people within eight separate regions. The power infrastructure is vulnerable to many types of disasters capable of severing supplies of electricity. The impact on the employees and communities when small- and medium-size enterprises are shut down due to disasters can be severe. The purpose of the quantitative comparative study was to explore small- and medium-size enterprises crisis management strategies in the case of power infrastructure vulnerabilities. Perceptions of small business leaders were probed about crisis management planning relevant to three secondary factors: prior experience of crises, threat perceptions, and planning self-efficacy. Participants completed an adapted questionnaire instrument based on a five-point Likert scale for six sub-factors including resilience through planning, financial impact, operational crisis management, the perfect storm, the aftermath of survival, and atrophy. The instrument also measured three additional factors to include, prior experience of crises, threat perceptions, and planning self-efficacy, across seven types of crises. The results of this study indicated that of the 276 respondents, 104 had no crisis plans, but 172 did have crisis plans. Of those who had implemented crisis plans, 19% had specific provisions to address power outages or attacks on the electrical grid. Of the respondents who had not planned for power outages nor experienced significant losses of power, a statistically significant number acknowledged an external threat to their business. The majority of respondents indicated that long-term planning was related to resilience; however, the migration of crisis understanding into the planning process or implementation was not implemented. This heightened awareness of potential crises without the corresponding development and implementation of mitigation crisis plans requires additional research to understand

  10. ESTIMATION OF EFFICIENCY PARTNERSHIP LARGE AND SMALL BUSINESS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Олег Васильевич Чабанюк

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available In this  article, based on the definition of key factors and its components, developed an algorithm consistent, logically connected stages of the transition from the traditional enterprise to enterprise innovation typebased becoming intrapreneurship. Аnalysis of economic efficiency of innovative business idea is: based on the determination of experts the importance of the model parameters ensure the effectiveness of intrapreneurship by using methods of kvalimetricheskogo modeling expert estimates score calculated "efficiency intrapreneurship". On the author's projected optimum level indicator should exceed 0.5, but it should be noted that the achievement of this level is possible with the 2 - 3rd year of existence intraprenerskoy structure. The proposed method was tested in practice and can be used for the formation of intrapreneurship in large and medium-sized enterprises as one of the methods of implementation of the innovation activities of small businesses.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12731/2218-7405-2013-10-50

  11. The Cash Flow as Financial Management Tool For Small Businesses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Osmar Siena

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This study is engaged on the axis of Financial Management, with research into the factors controlling corporation in small business finance. It has as main objective to analyze the cash flow tool as a tool for financial management and specific process to describe the use of the Cash Flow tool objectives; analyze the feasibility of implementing the Cash Flow tool as an instrument of financial management and suggest proposals for suitability for deployment of Cash Flows as a financial management system. Facing these objectives the research uses the precedence of qualitative methodology and applies the instruments on-site visit, interview and questionnaire to collect data. Descriptive analysis that confront the theoretical basis and the data obtained from research is used. With the completion of the analysis the following results were achieved: description of business processes researched; identifying the needs and forms of control currently used and presentation of improvement measures for the adjustment of non-conformities identified. The study contributes to both the academic improvement by analyzing the real situation of the company, as well as it serves as a recommendation to companies embracing similar difficulties in financial management.

  12. 小企业融资缺口及来源特征分析%Analysis on Financing Gap and Financing Source in Small Businesses

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡真

    2012-01-01

    According to the investigation of financing gap and financing source of small businesses, we find that the business size and age are typical factors impacting financing of small business.Comparing the current financing source and willingness of small businesses with their start-up period,we can find that the problem of financing difficulty is still serious,although the choices of small businesses' financing expand with their growth age.The analysis on loan's source shows that small business get more proportions of loan from big banks than from small ones for the development of small businesses' loan technology based on "hard information". However,big banks scarcely provide long-term capital for small businesses.%根据对小企业融资缺口和来源特征的调查分析,小企业融资难存在典型的规模和年龄特征。对小企业初创和当前融资来源以及融资意愿的比较发现,尽管伴随企业成长,融资方式的选择有所扩展,但依然存在深度的融资难问题。对贷款来源的分析表明,基于"硬信息"的小企业贷款技术的发展,大银行对小企业的融资比例超过小银行,但小企业依然很难从大银行获得长期资金。

  13. Small Business Innovation Research, Post-Phase II Opportunity Assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nguyen, Hung D.; Steele, Gynelle C.

    2015-01-01

    This report outlines current Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Post-Phase II opportunity contract award results for the SBIR technology program from 2007 to 2011 for NASA's Aeronautics Research Mission Directorate (ARMD), Human Exploration and Operations Mission Directorate (HEOMD), Science Mission Directorate (SMD), and Space Technology Mission Directorate (STMD). The report provides guidelines for incorporating SBIR technology into NASA programs and projects and provides a quantitative overview of the post-Phase II award patterns that correspond with each mission directorate at NASA Glenn Research Center (GRC). In recent years, one of NASA's goals has been to not only transfer SBIR technologies to commercial industries, but to ensure that NASA mission directorates incorporate SBIR technologies into their program and project activities. Before incorporating technologies into MD programs, it is important to understand each mission directorate structure because each directorate has different objectives and needs. The directorate program structures follow.

  14. 26 CFR 301.6037-2 - Required use of magnetic media for returns of electing small business corporation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... be prescribed by the Commissioner. (c) Failure to file. If an electing small business corporation... electing small business corporation. 301.6037-2 Section 301.6037-2 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE... electing small business corporation. (a) Returns of electing small business corporation required...

  15. 77 FR 31149 - National Small Business Week, 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-24

    ... earlier this year, we launched Business USA--a new online platform to give businesses full access to the..., clean energy, and education. I was proud to sign the America Invents Act, which is helping entrepreneurs...

  16. 78 FR 30384 - Small Business Size Standards: Waiver of the Nonmanufacturer Rule

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-22

    ..., and ranges. SUMMARY: The U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA) is considering granting a class...). According to the waiver request, no small business manufacturers supply this class of products to the... considered available to participate in the Federal market for a class of products, a small...

  17. 76 FR 23640 - Small Business Size Standards: Waiver of the Nonmanufacturer Rule

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-27

    .... Small Business Administration (SBA) is considering granting a class waiver of the Nonmanufacturer Rule... Manufacturing). According to the request, no small business manufacturers supply this class of products to the... considered available to participate in the Federal market for a class of products, a small...

  18. 75 FR 1662 - Small Business Size Standards: Waiver of the Nonmanufacturer Rule

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-12

    ... Classification (NAICS) code 325120. According to a request, no small business manufacturers supply this class of... considered available to participate in the Federal market for a class of products, a small business... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] SMALL...

  19. 75 FR 32231 - Small Business Size Standards: Waiver of the Nonmanufacturer Rule

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-07

    ... equipment. SUMMARY: The U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA) is considering granting a class waiver of... class of products, a small business manufacturer must have submitted a proposal for a contract... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL...

  20. 75 FR 52790 - Small Business Size Standards: Waiver of the Nonmanufacturer Rule

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-27

    ... Intensifier Tubes. SUMMARY: The U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA) is considering granting a class... considered available to participate in the Federal market for a class of products, a small business... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL...

  1. 75 FR 13802 - Small Business Size Standards: Waiver of the Nonmanufacturer Rule

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-23

    ...: The U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA) is considering granting a class waiver of the... Manufacturing). According to the request, no small business manufacturers supply these class of products to the... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL...

  2. 75 FR 42173 - Small Business Size Standards: Waiver of the Nonmanufacturer Rule

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-20

    ... Equipment. SUMMARY: The U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA) is granting a class waiver of the... considered available to participate in the Federal market for a class of products, a small business... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL...

  3. 48 CFR 852.219-9 - VA Small business subcontracting plan minimum requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Provisions and Clauses 852.219-9 VA Small business subcontracting plan minimum requirements. As prescribed in subpart 819.709, insert the following clause: VA Small Business Subcontracting Plan Minimum Requirements... plan, the minimum goals for award of subcontracts to service-disabled veteran-owned small...

  4. 76 FR 81430 - Small Business Investment Companies-Early Stage SBICs; Public Webinars

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-28

    ...- creating startups and small firms, accelerate research, and address barriers to success for entrepreneurs... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 13 CFR Part 107 Small Business Investment Companies--Early Stage SBICs; Public Webinars AGENCY:...

  5. Small Businesses are More Active as Inventors than as Innovators in the Innovation Process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-12-31

    small businesses to the innovation process. GAO concludes that small businesses have been important contributors to the innova - tion process and that...WILLARD F. MUELLER, Market Structure and Technological Performance in the Food Manufacturing industry (1979). Two periods of innova - tire activity in the...small businesses have been significant contributors to the innova - tion process. While we are not able to generalize from the exist- ing evidence to

  6. Transportation decisions of small businesses in Soweto: Balancing responsiveness and efficiency

    OpenAIRE

    Themari Eicker; Jacoba O. Cilliers

    2016-01-01

    Background: The performance of small businesses makes an important contribution to the South African economy. Although the South African government implemented various initiatives for the development of small businesses in townships, the full advantage of such initiatives has not yet been experienced.Objectives: To investigate how formal, independent small retail businesses operating in Soweto manage transportation as a logistical supply chain driver to be financially sustainable.Method: Dur...

  7. 75 FR 76692 - Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; Small Business Impacts of Motor Vehicle Safety

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-09

    ..., and 571 Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; Small Business Impacts of Motor Vehicle Safety AGENCY... passenger vehicles, trucks, buses, trailers, incomplete vehicles, motorcycles, and motor vehicle...

  8. CURRENT STATE OF CREDITING OF SMALL AND MEDIUM BUSINESS IN RUSSIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Klimova N. V.

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The crediting activity of commercial banks is a precondition for successful competition of these institutions which leads to the increase in production of credited organizations, employment growth and solvency improvement of the participants of economic relations. Not only the improvement of the crediting technology is considered but also the development and the introduction of new methods of reducing crediting risks are observed. The realization of the small business potential in solving economic and social problems is absolutely impossible without its adequate financial and crediting support. In contemporary Russia the problem of financial support of small business development is particularly urgent. The need for crediting and development of small business in Russia is discussed in this article. The analysis of the main indicators characterizing the current state of crediting of small and medium-sized businesses is made, the SWOT-credit rating is given and the rating of banks providing loans to small business is shown. The main indicators of small and medium-sized business were considered, the analysis of the dynamics of the volume of loans provided to small business was made and the size of loan portfolios was discussed. The main reasons why banks refuse to lend to small business are ranked. On the basis of findings, the ways of solving the problem, in particular the reduction of the tax burden on small business, fixing the prices for the conclusion of contracts and the development of credit bureaus, are suggested.

  9. DOE’s Alcohol Fuels Awards Process Resulted in Questionable Award Selections and Limited Small Business Success.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-08-21

    THE UNITED STATES PROCESS RESULTED IN UESTION- ABLE AWARD SELECTIONS AND LIMITED SMALL BUSINESS SUCCESS As part of its alternative fuels program, thle...intensive nature of alcohol fuels technology, and the larger number of high-quality small business proposals, DOE anticipated that small business success would...may . also want to closely monitor the success of small businesses. In the event that a desired level of small business success is not achieved, the

  10. 48 CFR 52.219-23 - Notice of Price Evaluation Adjustment for Small Disadvantaged Business Concerns.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... disadvantaged business concern in accordance with 13 CFR 124, subpart B, and a decision on that application is... disadvantaged business concerns that have not waived the adjustment; and (ii) An otherwise successful offer from... Adjustment for Small Disadvantaged Business Concerns. 52.219-23 Section 52.219-23 Federal...

  11. In-house R&D versus external technology acquisitions : small technology-based firms in the U.S. and Japan

    OpenAIRE

    Kurokawa, Susumu

    1992-01-01

    This research is an investigation of the relationship between in-house R&D and external technology acquisitions--e.g.,licensing,R&D contracts,collaborative R&D projects,joint ventures or mergers--based on the data derived from small technology-based firms in the U.S. and Japan. There are three major parts to this research.In Part 1. we discuss the advantages and disadvantages of in-house R&D versus external technology acquisitions,and examine key factors which affect "make-or-buy. decisions i...

  12. ERGONOMIC WORK ANALYSIS APPLICATION IN A SMALL SHOE BUSINESS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aline Marian Callegaro

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to presentthe results after conducting an Ergonomic Work Analysis (EWA in a smallbusiness located in Porto Alegre. The ergonomic intervention was performed basedon Guérin et al. (2001 and aimed to analyze the process organization and thelayout of the shoemaker workstations to provide improvements to these areas.The starting point was the account of the small shoe business owner’s need hadto hire one more shoemaker without increasing the company physical space. The EWAwas used focusing the work organization, how the flow of information ran fromthe entry of an order to the final stage of the product repairing. Thediagnosis showed the company main problems were related to the shop assistantsdependence on the shoemakers to provide budget information and delivery time tocustomers and the layout organization. Among the results, a temporal analysisof two company recurrent tasks was performed in order to ascertain possiblelosses related to the displacement and the search for material. A new layoutscheme was also proposed, aiming to organize the work stations, making easierthe stock, tools and equipment removal, providing a free space to make possiblethe hiring of the new shoemakers within the current company boundaries.

  13. Small Business and Defense Acquisitions: A Review of Policies and Current Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    of the past century, the federal government has sought to “aid, counsel , assist and protect, insofar as possible, the interests of small business... counsel , assist and protect, insofar as is possible, the interests of small business concerns” (SBA, 2003). Its charter also reiterated a 1947... Multicultural Procurement and Sales Support Program” in 1968, formally instituting it throughout all its U.S. businesses in 1972 (Hewlett-Packard, 2005

  14. 76 FR 47593 - Guidance for Small Business Entities on Current Good Manufacturing Practice for Positron Emission...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-05

    ... a guidance for small business entities entitled ``PET Drugs--Current Good Manufacturing Practice... entitled ``PET Drugs--Current Good Manufacturing Practice (CGMP); Small Entity Compliance Guide.'' This... Manufacturing Practice for Positron Emission Tomography Drugs; Availability AGENCY: Food and Drug...

  15. METHODOLOGICAL AND PRACTICAL ASPECTS OF THE HARMONIZATION OF INNOVATIVE PROCESSES IN RUSSIAN SMALL BUSINESS SECTOR

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Yuri Anatolievich Doroshenko; Irina Vladimirovna Somina

    2016-01-01

    An increase of innovative activity of small enterprises is included in the list of main directions of The Strategy of small and medium business development of Russian Federation for the period up to 2030...

  16. 48 CFR 227.7104 - Contracts under the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program. 227.7104 Section 227.7104 Federal Acquisition Regulations... Data and Computer Software—Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program, when technical data or... PATENTS, DATA, AND COPYRIGHTS Rights in Technical Data 227.7104 Contracts under the Small...

  17. 76 FR 16703 - Small Business Jobs Act Tour: Selected Provisions Having an Effect on Government Contracting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-25

    ... ADMINISTRATION 13 CFR Parts 121, 124, 125, 126, and 127 Small Business Jobs Act Tour: Selected Provisions Having... Jobs Act of 2010 (SBJA). On Monday, March 7, 2011, SBA announced a series of public meetings on its...://www.regulations.gov . Follow the instructions for submitting comments. Mail: Small Business Jobs...

  18. How To Set Up Your Own Small Business. Volumes I-II and Overhead Transparencies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fallek, Max

    This two-volume textbook and collection of overhead transparency masters is intended for use in a course in setting up a small business. The following topics are covered in the first volume: getting off to a good start, doing market research, forecasting sales, financing a small business, understanding the different legal needs of different types…

  19. 75 FR 82567 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Repeal of the Small Business Competitiveness Demonstration Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-30

    ... Competitiveness Demonstration Program AGENCY: Department of Defense (DoD), General Services Administration (GSA... of the Small Business Competitiveness Demonstration Program, to meet the requirements of section 1335... (15 U.S.C. 644 note), the Small Business Competitiveness Demonstration Program. In accordance with...

  20. 77 FR 7489 - Small Business Size Standards: Professional, Technical, and Scientific Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-10

    ... contracts, retain or regain small business size eligibility for Federal assistance, and successfully perform... entrepreneurship, perform on larger Federal contracts, and retain or regain their small business size status. These... size standard. In the past, SBA gave considerable weight to public comments on the engineering size...

  1. 75 FR 63110 - Small Business Investment Companies-Conflicts of Interest and Investment of Idle Funds

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-14

    ... are all relatively short term and bear minimal or no risk of loss, such as direct obligations of the... statute. Section 107.855--Interest rate ceiling and limitations on fees charged to Small Businesses... ADMINISTRATION 13 CFR Part 107 RIN 3245-AF56 Small Business Investment Companies--Conflicts of Interest and...

  2. Exports and Small Business in the Netherlands: Presence, Potential and Performance

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A.R. Thurik (Roy)

    1993-01-01

    textabstractThis paper discusses the role of exports in The Netherlands, the actual small business share therein, some measures to stimulate exports and the hidden potential of small business. Additionally, it provides a description of a regression analysis of the performance differential between sm

  3. Investigating Factors Related to Virtual Private Network Adoption in Small Businesses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lederer, Karen

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this quantitative study was to investigate six factors that may influence adoption of virtual private network (VPN) technologies in small businesses with fewer than 100 employees. Prior research indicated small businesses employing fewer than 100 workers do not adopt VPN technology at the same rate as larger competitors, and the…

  4. 77 FR 55755 - Small Business Size Standards: Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing, and Hunting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-11

    ... Federal small business assistance, SBA establishes small business size definitions (referred to as size... industries in response to requests from the public and Federal agencies. SBA also adjusts all monetary based..., its mission and program objectives, the Administration's current policies, suggestions from industry...

  5. 48 CFR 619.402 - Small Business Administration procurement center representatives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Administration 619.402 Small Business Administration procurement center representatives. ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Small Business Administration procurement center representatives. 619.402 Section 619.402 Federal Acquisition Regulations...

  6. 48 CFR 19.707 - The Small Business Administration's role in carrying out the program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Subcontracting Program 19.707 The Small Business Administration's role in carrying out the program. (a) Under the... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false The Small Business Administration's role in carrying out the program. 19.707 Section 19.707 Federal Acquisition Regulations...

  7. 3 CFR 8382 - Proclamation 8382 of May 15, 2009. Small Business Week, 2009

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 3 The President 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Proclamation 8382 of May 15, 2009. Small Business..., 2009 Proc. 8382 Small Business Week, 2009By the President of the United States of America A Proclamation The entrepreneurial spirit lies at the core of our Nation's economy and identity. If Americans...

  8. 76 FR 60600 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request for Supplemental Quarterly Report (Small Business Lending...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-29

    ..., Research and External Affairs), Small Business Lending Fund, Office of Domestic Finance, Department of the... Proposed Collection; Comment Request for Supplemental Quarterly Report (Small Business Lending Fund, SBLF) AGENCY: Office of Domestic Finance, Treasury. ] ACTION: Notice and request for comments. SUMMARY:...

  9. Increasing Opportunities for Small and Local Businesses at the Naval Postgraduate School Through Simplified Acquisitions Contracting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-01

    of subsectors. For instance, small business vendors have exclusivity in 13 NAICS subsectors ranging from Metal Working Machinery to Musical ...and the immense amount of information required are a heavy undertaking for a small business. Navigating the defense acquisitions system is

  10. Training and Human Resource Issues in Small E-Businesses: Towards a Research Agenda

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matlay, Harry

    2004-01-01

    A great deal has been written in recent years about the internet and the emergence of e-businesses operating in the global e-economy. Although a small proportion of the expanding literature on this topic is based on empirically rigorous research, the bulk of publications tend to be of limited value to small business owner/managers. Furthermore,…

  11. 48 CFR 1519.201-71 - Director of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Director of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization. 1519.201-71 Section 1519.201-71 Federal Acquisition Regulations System... Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization. The Director, OSDBU, provides guidance and advice, as...

  12. 41 CFR 105-53.130-4 - Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Disadvantaged Business Utilization. 105-53.130-4 Section 105-53.130-4 Public Contracts and Property Management... Utilization. (a) Creation and authority. Public Law 95-507, October 14, 1978, an amendment to the Small... procurement authority the Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization. Each office is headed by a...

  13. 77 FR 30265 - Submission for OMB Review; Small Business Size Representation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-22

    ...; Small Business Size Representation AGENCY: Department of Defense (DOD), General Services Administration... representation. A notice was published in the Federal Register at 77 FR 13329, on March 6, 2012. No comments were... Information Collection 9000- 0163, Small Business Size Representation, by any of the following methods...

  14. 2006 National Small Business Conference - Meeting DOD/DHS Mission Needs in the 21st Century

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-05-10

    Vice President, Future Naval Capability, Raytheon Company Small Business Success Story Panel: • Mr. Jay Boyce, Foster-Miller, Inc. (Will be...Development, VFA, Inc. 9:15 am - 10:30 am: Small Business Success Story Panel Moderator: - Ms. Joanna Lau, President & CEO, Lau

  15. 77 FR 23373 - Small Business Investment Companies-Energy Saving Qualified Investments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-19

    ... must be in the form of a Loan, a Debt Security (a debt instrument that includes an equity feature, such... ``investment in a small business concern that is primarily engaged in researching, manufacturing, developing... SBICs may wish to invest in Small Businesses that are manufacturing or researching products or...

  16. 76 FR 27952 - Small Business Size Standards: Professional, Scientific and Technical Services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-13

    ... ADMINISTRATION 13 CFR Part 121 RIN 3245-AG07 Small Business Size Standards: Professional, Scientific and...) proposed to increase small business size standards for 35 industries and one sub-industry in North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) Sector 54, Professional, Scientific and Technical Services and...

  17. OPPORTUNITIES AND CHALLENGES FOR MICRO-SMALL AND MEDIUM BUSINESS IN INDONESIA FACING ASEAN ECONOMIC COMMUNITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raden Aswin Rahadi

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This research is a part of a continuous study to analyze the opportunities and challenges for micro-small and medium business in Indonesia when facing ASEAN Economic Community (AEC in 2016. It has its own uniqueness, as it will combine the point of view between current business owners and current literature study synthesis on business perception towards AEC. Ten business owners have been interviewed. The results suggested AEC provides challenges for the business owners, particularly in terms of capital; competitiveness; sales system; innovation; finance, bureaucracy; and government preparedness. AEC also provides opportunities, in terms of market potential; creativity; export opportunities; business owners’ resistances and sustainability; and knowledge of local market. From all of the keywords mentioned by the respondents, there are four main attributes considered as important: human resources; creativities; market share; and capital. Finally, most of the respondents suggested that AEC will bring more positive influences for the development of micro-small and medium business in Indonesia.

  18. Firefighters as distributors of workplace safety and health information to small businesses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keller, Brenna M.; Cunningham, Thomas R.

    2016-01-01

    Background Small businesses bear a large burden of injury and death, and are difficult to reach with occupational safety and health (OSH) information. The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) developed a pilot study testing the feasibility of fire departments disseminating OSH information to small businesses during fire inspections. Methods Two sets of postcards were developed with unique, trackable URLs for the NIOSH Small Business Resource Guide. One set was distributed by firefighters, the other was mailed to small businesses. Participating inspectors were met with to discuss their experience. Results Neither distribution method resulted in a substantial number of site visits. Inspectors believed distributing postcards was an easy addition to their duties, and saw value in safety information. Conclusions There are barriers beyond awareness of availability that prevent small business owners from seeking OSH information. Research should focus on identifying barriers and developing better OSH information diffusion mechanisms. PMID:27594768

  19. A Designed Framework for Delivering Systems Thinking Skills to Small Business Managers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daowei Sun

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Many small businesses suffer from inadequate management skills which can lead to poor business performance and unsustainable businesses. Research to date has focused on traditional skills such as communication, time management and people skills, yet critically many business managers have no systems thinking skills. This paper presents a framework targeted at delivering systems thinking skills to managers of small businesses utilizing some key characteristic of small business managers. The design is also based on a systems analysis and guided by both adult learning theory and teaching theory. The quality of a training framework depends on the quality of the content design and the right training delivery methods. The systems thinking skills training framework structured systems thinking knowledge into three modules in order to meet the needs of different levels of managers. The framework advocates blended training delivery methods and it also presents possible pitfalls based on training experiences. Additionally, the framework incorporates a continuous improvement process for ongoing systemic improvement.

  20. Department of Defense Small Business (SB) Program: A Knowledge-Level Analysis of How Customer Education Relates to Meeting SB Goals

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-12-01

    7 B. SMALL BUSINESS PROGRAM OVERVIEW ...........................................7 1. Women -Owned Small ...of Defense DSB Director of Small Business DTRA Defense Threat Reduction Agency EDWOSB economically disadvantaged women -owned small businesses EO...USTRANSCOM U.S. Transportation Command VOSB veteran-owned small business WMD weapons of mass destruction WOSB women -owned small business xiv

  1. The Importance of Capturing and Using Financial Information in Small Business

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dorothy Davis

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: Small businesses have not been realizing the advantages of good record-keeping and management of financial records. The purpose of this study was to determine some key issues relating to the recordkeeping practices of small business to help determine areas that are causing this major subgroup of businesses to underutilize their use of captured financial data through business processes. Approach: A survey was distributed to small business owners in the retail apparel industry which looked at different classes of issues that would impact the management and usefulness of financial data generated within the business. Results: The results showed that half of the respondents eschewed any computerized system, preferring the traditional manual approach to managing their financial data. Another discovery was that the majority of respondents did not use external expertise in financial data collection, organization or analysis. Manual system users also didn’t generate reports from the financial data nearly as often as computerized system users. Finally, this study showed that a large portion of the respondents that did use computerized systems for financial data management had not participated in the selection of the software. Conclusion: The results of this study helped spotlight areas of shortfalls of small businesses in the best organization and utilization of financial data, which would support the ongoing concerns of these businesses and strengthen them in an economic climate that had not been friendly towards small businesses for quite some time.

  2. The Business of Research in Art and Design: Parallels Between Research Centres and Small Businesses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seymour Roworth-Stokes

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This article provides a cross-case analysis of four art and design research centres operating within UK universities. Findings from autobiographical and semi-structured interviews with researchers, research managers, and research leaders indicate that they encounter similar issues in trying to establish internal legitimacy within the university alongside the need to gain external support and recognition. In dealing with these challenges, art and design research centres tend to pass through four broadly identifiable phases: (i Origination (utilising credentials and leadership capacity, (ii Establishment (securing resources and embedding dedicated systems and processes, (iii Development (furthering profile, diversifying, and retaining autonomy, and (iv Sustainability (enhancing research culture, networks, and influence.Many interesting parallels are evident with the way small businesses strive to establish themselves within competitive market environments. Lessons for research managers and directors are explored to consider such similarities in key areas of responsibility that cover leadership, managing people and processes, developing organisational capacity, and building external networks. The research suggests research centre directors must demonstrate many intrapreneurial qualities to overcome obstacles in the development of a successful research team and that university departments can make substantial organisational interventions to help them succeed.

  3. Focused training programmes for solving growth problems of very small businesses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Perks

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Purpose and objectives: The purpose of the study is to investigate the various types of focused training programmes that should be designed for eliminating or preventing small business growth problems. To help achieve this main objective, the following secondary goals are identified : To highlight the role and nature of entrepreneurial training. To identify possible focused training programmes for solving very small business problems. To determine how training programmes should be structured to target very small business growth problems. To explore which other method(s, besides training programmes could be uitilised for solving very small black business entrepreneurs' growth problems. To provide trainers with guidelines in designing focused training programmes for solving very small business problems.Problem investigated: South African entrepreneurs have a poor skills record, which inhibits small business growth. The needs of a business changes as the business grows, resulting in growing pains for the very small business entrepreneur. Successful entrepreneurs are not necessarily academically inclined and often learn in a more dynamic, non-linear environment, therefore various specific focused training programmes need to be designed that can assist very small business entrepreneurs in eliminating or preventing small business growth problems.Methodology: A qualitative study was done, in which an empirical survey was conducted by means of a series of in-depth interviews with ten very small black business entrepreneurs.Findings: The empirical results identified seven types of training programmes focusing on financial management computer training, operations management, people management, marketing management, management and investment management. Other training programmes indicated were stress management, time management and security management. Within each of these types of training programmes specific focus areas were identified.Value of the

  4. Workshop Guide for the Organization, Planning and Presentation of Keys to a Business Success (A Workshop for Prospective Small Business Owners).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Small Business Administration, Washington, DC.

    The Small Business Administration (SBA) program of conducting workshops for prospective business owners was established to assist individuals in making a more careful analysis of what is involved in starting and managing a small business. This workshop guide discusses the following: Planning Workshops; Promotion; Workshop Procedures; Workshop…

  5. Small Business Tax Evasion, is There a Case of Internal Finance?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ilirjan Lipi

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available As long as there are taxes, the incentive for evasion will exist as well. Studies for tax evasion are of interest in different fields like that of economics, public finance, personal finance, business administration, business finance, financial accounting, in the banking system etc. However, there are only a few studies about the internal causes and financial incentives that oblige decision-makers of small firms towards tax evasion. When we refer to business tax evasion, always brings to mind sensational cases of large businesses that evade taxes, but business tax evasion is a widespread phenomenon even to small firms. To be more competitive, small business must have a consistently entrepreneurial orientation, but limited financing prevents this, therefore the business savings from tax evasion is believed to be an internally funding path. The restrictions on small firms financing often make them orientate more toward internal generation of funds, which also has few alternatives. As a way to internal saving, firms often find tax evasion, which is not only a deviant and unethical behavior, but also puts firms into many difficulties in the long run. Consequently, the study aims to discuss the phenomenon of tax evasion in the managerial practice of small business in an Albanian region, as well as its financial cause as is perceived by the small business. The study findings report that the deviant behavior of businesses from taxes considers the need for internal financing as an important reason. The study concluded that savings from tax evasion is an alternative of internal financing primarily for small and early-staged firms, and that if entrepreneurs are capable of a good business model and competitive strategy, they will not need to make evasion.

  6. Annual National Small Business Conference (7th) Held in Huntsville, Alabama on May 25-26, 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-26

    Disadvantaged Business Utilization WINNER OF NDIA SMALL BUSINESS SUCCESS STORY CONTEST · Mr. Gregg Owens, Vice President, Laser Shot, Inc. MERGERS...Business Utilization 11:15 am - 12:00 pm WINNER OF NDIA SMALL BUSINESS SUCCESS STORY CONTEST u Mr. Gregg Owens, Vice President, Lasher Shot, Inc. 12:00...uah.edu 8 Steps for Creating Small Business Success Stories Background Laser Shot provides firearms training simulation solutions to military and law

  7. 77 FR 43416 - Notice of Meeting of the Industry Trade Advisory Committee on Small and Minority Business (ITAC-11)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-24

    .... Small Business Administration State Trade and Export Promotion (STEP) Grants by San Diego-area business... Business (ITAC-11) AGENCY: Office of the United States Trade Representative. ACTION: Notice of a partially opened meeting. SUMMARY: The Industry Trade Advisory Committee on Small and Minority Business...

  8. 48 CFR 52.219-22 - Small Disadvantaged Business Status.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Joint Ventures. The offeror represents, as part of its offer, that it is a joint venture that complies... Business Administration or a Private Certifier in accordance with 13 CFR part 124, subpart B. For joint... in the joint venture....

  9. Does Market Size Structure Affect Competition? The Case of Small Business Lending

    OpenAIRE

    Allen N. Berger; Richard J. Rosen; Udell, Gregory F.

    2005-01-01

    Market size structure refers to the distribution of shares of different size classes of local market participants, where the sizes are inclusive of assets both within and outside the local market. We apply this new measure of market structure in two empirical analyses of the U.S. banking industry to address concerns regarding the effects of the consolidation in banking. Our quantity analysis of the likelihood that small businesses borrow from large versus small banks and our small business lo...

  10. Improvement of Tax Incentives of Small Innovative Business in Russia and Abroad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olga Valeryevna Nikulina

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available In modern conditions activity of small innovative business, as the most flexible component of the innovation economy of the country is particularly important. However, due to the specifics of their activities small innovative business needs state support, including in the field of a tax policy. In this connection, consideration of tax incentives for small innovative business activity is relevant and timely. The purpose of this study is to identify the main directions of improvement of tax incentives for small innovative business in Russia through the use of foreign experience. The study used data analysis and comparisons to identify features of the tax incentives of small innovative business in Russia and abroad. In determining the main directions of improving, the study used the method of forecasting on the basis of the results of the analysis and comparison. The article described the basic instruments of tax incentives for activities of small innovation business in Russia. The article analyzed foreign experience of application of tax privileges and preferences. The article developed and substantiated recommendations on the improvement of the Russian system of tax incentives of activity of small innovative business. The authors make conclusion that the Russian system of tax incentives is ineffective and needs to be reformed by increasing the number of tax benefits, and the development of a special tax regime through the use of foreign experience.

  11. Disaster Risk Management and Business Education: the Case of Small and Medium Enterprises

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JUAN PABLO SARMIENTO

    Full Text Available It is safe to say that building disaster resilience by preparing for disasters with a business continuity plan is vital for small business to thrive in the long run. More often than not, small business owners invest large sums of money, time, and resources to make their ventures successful and yet, many of them fail to properly plan and prepare for disaster situations. With this problem in mind, Florida International University (FIU became the house of the Small Business Development Center (SBDC and the Extreme Events Institute (EEI. Together, both institutes have collaborated in their mission to spread disaster resilience and business continuity management knowledge and best practices in an accessible way to small businesses in South Florida and Latin America. By developing and disseminating knowledge, processes and best-practices through several activities and channels such as business consulting and business continuity plan elaboration, Pasantías (Practicums, and the Disaster Resilience Toolkit for Small-and-Medium Sized Enterprises, both institutes truly represent FIU's experience with SMEs and its commitment with entrepreneurship and South Florida's community.

  12. Small Business Failure Rates: Choice of Definition and the Size Effect

    OpenAIRE

    1996-01-01

    Results of many previous studies on the rate of small business failure suggest an inverse relationship between size of business and propensity to fail. However, it has been suggested that this inverse relationship, between firm size and the rate of discontinuance, may more accurately be characterized as an inverse relationship between age of business and the rate of discontinuance. While some studies have confirmed the positive association between failure and age, they have generally found th...

  13. THE BASIC ASPECTS OF APPLICATION OF INFORMATIONCOMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES IN A SMALL-SCALE BUSINESS AND PRIVATE BUSINESS IN REPUBLIC UZBEKISTAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Holida N. Ruzmetova

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Development of a small-scale businessand private business in Uzbekistan inthe conditions of formation of innovative economy is impossible without effective application of the advanced information-communication technologies which givepossibility to develop not only the domestic markets, but also provide an exit onexternal, thereby raising the informationimportance of the country in the international economic market.

  14. Environmental Innovation and Sustainability in Small Handicraft Businesses in Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arcelia Toledo-López

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available In this study, the relationship between environmental innovation and sustainability is analyzed in 168 handicraft businesses in the Mexican states of Oaxaca, Puebla, and Tlaxcala. The results show a direct, positive relationship between environmental innovation and sustainability in three dimensions: economic, social, and environmental. In terms of determination, the variables that best explain sustainability are: organization type, product innovation, and process innovation. The age of the handicraft businesses was not a significant factor in explaining sustainability. This study concludes that handicraft businesses make sustainable choices more as a result of a desire for profit maximization than as a result of environmental consciousness, as can be explained by neoclassical view of economics.

  15. Fail-Safe Entrepreneurship: Six Reasons You Shouldn't Start a Small Business.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paradiso, James R.

    Given the statistic that 97 percent of all new businesses fail, it is unwise to enter into a new small business venture. Many aspiring entrepreneurs lack the characteristics and background they need to survive and instead display several common characteristics which predispose them to failure, such as being non-aggressive and casual, failing to…

  16. 76 FR 3017 - VA Veteran-Owned Small Business Verification Guidelines

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-19

    ... to one business has no foundation in law and that there is no compelling reason to limit... AFFAIRS 38 CFR Part 74 RIN 2900-AM78 VA Veteran-Owned Small Business Verification Guidelines AGENCY..., and Information Technology Act of 2006. This law requires the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA)...

  17. The Dimensionality of the Maslach Burnout Inventory across Small Business Owners and Educators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boles, James S.; Dean, Dwane H.; Ricks, Joe M.; Short, Jeremy C.; Wang, Guangping

    2000-01-01

    One-factor, three-factor, and higher-order factor structures of the Maslach Burnout Inventory were tested with 183 elementary-secondary teachers and administrators and 162 small business owners. Analyses suggested the three-factor structure was most plausible. Addition of business owners extended the generalizability of the inventory. (SK)

  18. 77 FR 72766 - Small Business Size Standards: Support Activities for Mining

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-06

    ... business assistance, SBA establishes small business size definitions (referred to as size standards) for... inflation on its size standards and makes necessary adjustments to its monetary based size standards. SBA's... conditions, its mission and program objectives, the Administration's current policies, suggestions from...

  19. Supporting the E-Business Readiness of Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises: Approaches and Metrics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jutla, Dawn; Bodorik, Peter; Dhaliwal, Jasbir

    2002-01-01

    Presents a conceptual model for governments in creating a climate that facilitates the national adoption of e-business. Focuses on the needs of small and medium-sized enterprises, suggests measures to assess how a country is performing in providing a positive e-business climate, and provides examples from Canada, The Netherlands, Norway, and…

  20. A growth state transition model as driver for business process management in small medium enterprises

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Jacobs, D

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available A key constraint for growing small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in South Africa is the business skills required to grow the enterprises through the stages of transformation. Business process management (BPM) is one of the skills that could add...

  1. 75 FR 22497 - Interagency Task Force on Veterans Small Business Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-29

    ... and entrepreneurship opportunities; ] (v) increasing and improving training and counseling services... Reservist and Veteran Small Business Reauthorization and Opportunity Act of 2008 (Public Law 110-186) (the... agencies to improve capital, business development opportunities, and pre-established Federal contracting...

  2. 13 CFR 105.207 - Politically motivated activities with respect to the Minority Small Business Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION STANDARDS OF CONDUCT AND EMPLOYEE RESTRICTIONS AND RESPONSIBILITIES Restrictions and Responsibilities Related to Sba Employees and Former Employees § 105.207 Politically motivated... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Politically motivated...

  3. A Bookstore for Bailey: A Novel Approach to Teaching a Small-Business Management Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bergquist, Timothy M.; Maggs, Anne

    2011-01-01

    This article presents the development of an online, student-centered, introductory small-business management course that uses an educational business novel, hypertext graphic-design features, an interactive workbook, and a student-authored final chapter. Student learning was assessed through the use of a pre- and posttest survey. Student…

  4. 75 FR 22499 - Establishing an Interagency Task Force on Federal Contracting Opportunities for Small Businesses

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-29

    ... opportunities, and utilizing new technologies to enhance the effectiveness and efficiency of Federal program... investments are providing new opportunities for small businesses to compete for Federal contracts, and it is... service-disabled veterans of our Armed Forces. These businesses should be able to compete and...

  5. A Bookstore for Bailey: A Novel Approach to Teaching a Small-Business Management Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bergquist, Timothy M.; Maggs, Anne

    2011-01-01

    This article presents the development of an online, student-centered, introductory small-business management course that uses an educational business novel, hypertext graphic-design features, an interactive workbook, and a student-authored final chapter. Student learning was assessed through the use of a pre- and posttest survey. Student…

  6. 75 FR 71137 - Vendor Outreach Workshop for Women Owned Small Businesses in the National Capitol Region of the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-22

    ... Office of the Secretary Vendor Outreach Workshop for Women Owned Small Businesses in the National Capitol... Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization of the Department of the Interior is hosting a Vendor Outreach Workshop for women owned small businesses in the National Capitol region of the...

  7. 77 FR 23228 - Notice of Submission for OMB Review; Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program-Phase II...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-18

    ... Public Law 106-554, the ``Small Business Reauthorization Act of 2000, H.R. 5667'' enacted on December 21... Notice of Submission for OMB Review; Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program--Phase II--Grant Application Package SUMMARY: This application package invites small business concerns to submit a Phase...

  8. 77 FR 23229 - Submission for OMB Review; Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program-Phase I-Grant...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-18

    ... Law 106- 554, the ``Small Business Reauthorization Act of ] 2000, H.R. 5667'' enacted on December 21... Submission for OMB Review; Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program--Phase I--Grant Application Package SUMMARY: This application package invites small business concerns to submit a Phase I...

  9. 76 FR 54523 - Annual Meeting of the Regional Small Business Regulatory Fairness Boards, Office of the National...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-01

    ... ADMINISTRATION Annual Meeting of the Regional Small Business Regulatory Fairness Boards, Office of the National... Small Business Regulatory Fairness Boards. SUMMARY: The SBA, Office of the National Ombudsman is issuing... Regional Small Business Regulatory Fairness Boards (Regional Regulatory Fairness Boards). The meeting is...

  10. 78 FR 51263 - Annual Meeting of the Regional Small Business Regulatory Fairness Boards Office of the National...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-20

    ... ADMINISTRATION Annual Meeting of the Regional Small Business Regulatory Fairness Boards Office of the National... Small Business Regulatory Fairness Boards. SUMMARY: The SBA, Office of the National Ombudsman is issuing... Regional Small Business Regulatory Fairness Boards (RegFair Boards). The meeting is open to the public...

  11. 75 FR 47651 - Annual Meeting of the Regional Small Business Regulatory Fairness Boards Office of the National...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-06

    ... ADMINISTRATION Annual Meeting of the Regional Small Business Regulatory Fairness Boards Office of the National... Small Business Regulatory Fairness Boards. SUMMARY: The SBA, Office of the National Ombudsman is issuing... Regional Small Business Regulatory Fairness Boards (Regional Regulatory Fairness Boards). The meeting is...

  12. 77 FR 38125 - Annual Meeting of the Regional Small Business Regulatory Fairness Boards Office of the National...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-26

    ... ADMINISTRATION Annual Meeting of the Regional Small Business Regulatory Fairness Boards Office of the National... Small Business Regulatory Fairness Boards. SUMMARY: The SBA, Office of the National Ombudsman is issuing... Regional Small Business Regulatory Fairness Boards (Regional Regulatory Fairness Boards). The meeting is...

  13. 77 FR 22831 - Public Availability of U.S. Small Business Administration FY 2010 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-17

    ... ADMINISTRATION Public Availability of U.S. Small Business Administration FY 2010 Service Contract Inventory AGENCY: U.S. Small Business Administration. ACTION: Notice of Public Availability of FY 2011 Service... Appropriations Act of 2010 (Pub. L. 111-117), the Small Business Administration is publishing this notice...

  14. 76 FR 5647 - Public Availability of U.S. Small Business Administration FY 2010 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-01

    ... ADMINISTRATION Public Availability of U.S. Small Business Administration FY 2010 Service Contract Inventory AGENCY: U.S. Small Business Administration. ACTION: Notice of Public Availability of FY 2010 Service... Appropriations Act of 2010 (Pub. L. 111-117), the Small Business Administration is publishing this notice...

  15. 78 FR 16563 - Public Availability of U.S. Small Business Administration FY 2012 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-15

    ... ADMINISTRATION Public Availability of U.S. Small Business Administration FY 2012 Service Contract Inventory AGENCY: U.S. Small Business Administration. ACTION: Notice of Public Availability of FY 2012 Service... Appropriations Act of 2010 (Pub. L. 111-117), the Small Business Administration is publishing this notice...

  16. NAICS Impact on Small Business Set-Asides

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-12-01

    historically underutilized business zone IDIQ indefinite-delivery, indefinite-quantity IFB invitation for bid INECI Instituto Nacional de Estadistica ...production processes (Vogel, 2001). 1. History The NAICS was first released in 1997 after a joint effort by Mexico’s Instituto Nacional de Estadistica

  17. Exploring success and failure in small firm business transfers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lex van Teeffelen

    2010-01-01

    The main purpose of this dissertation is to identify the factors that explain success and failure in SME business transfers. Three key concepts have been defined in the research framework: firm resources, capabilities (of predecessor and successor) and (successor’s) strategic renewal. Altogether

  18. Exploring success and failure in small firm business transfers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Teeffelen, van L.

    2010-01-01

    The main purpose of this dissertation is to identify the factors that explain success and failure in SME business transfers. Three key concepts have been defined in our research framework: firm resources, capabilities (of predecessor and successor) and (successor’s) strategic renewal. Firm resources

  19. Exploring success and failure in small firm business transfers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Teeffelen, Lex van

    2010-01-01

    The main purpose of this dissertation is to identify the factors that explain success and failure in SME business transfers. Three key concepts have been defined in the research framework: firm resources, capabilities (of predecessor and successor) and (successor’s) strategic renewal. Altogether the

  20. 48 CFR 37.108 - Small business Certificate of Competency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... of Competency. 37.108 Section 37.108 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION... business Certificate of Competency. In those service contracts for which the Government requires the highest competence obtainable, as evidenced in a solicitation by a request for a...

  1. Tradern: a collaborative model for improving small business participation in electronic commerce in sub-Saharan Africa.

    OpenAIRE

    Ojukwu, Dili

    2009-01-01

    The inception of the Internet has brought with it Electronic Commerce (E-Commerce) practices which have greatly transformed the ways firms conduct businesses globally. Internet-based E-Commerce, particularly business-to-business (B2B) holds the key for small businesses to compete on a level playing field with their big business counterparts. Unfortunately, however, there is considerable evidence to show that small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) in developing countries, particular...

  2. Organizational and economic aspects of development of small business in region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vladimir Grigorjevich Klimov

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available By the purpose of the given research was revealing the basic problems and prospects of development of small business in regions. The methodology of reception of results of the specified purpose consists in the generalized analysis of scientific and legislative sources in the field of economic and organizational problems of development of small business in regions of Russia. As a result of research is revealed, that unions, association, and other public associations of the small enterprises more and more actively work at regional levels. System of commercial and industrial chambers having in significant potential in thesphere of support of the fine businessmen in regions essentially has become stronger. Area of application of results of the given research can be used by the managers of small business and teachers of higher educational institutions in the sphere of preparation of the managers in economy and management. The results of research allow to make conclusions: The level of development of small business in regions, in comparison of the advanced foreign states, rather lags behind; the analysis of the normativecertificates in sphere of small business from a position of their influence on development of regions testifies, that the mechanism of state influence includes economic and organizational measures; the small business has the brightly expressed regional orientation.

  3. Small business incubators: An emerging phenomenon in South Africa’s SMME economy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mukovhe Masutha

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available In South Africa much policy attention is focused on the potential of the small, medium and micro-enterprise (SMME economy for job creation. Nevertheless, despite government support for the SMME economy, high mortality rates are experienced by start-up enterprises. In common with international experience South Africa has adopted business incubation as a strategic tool for assisting the survival as well as building the competitiveness of SMMEs. This article analyses the state of business incubation in South Africa drawing attention to marked differences between the groups of public sector business incubators as opposed to those business incubators which have been initiated by the private sector.

  4. Climate Leadership webinar on Greenhouse Gas Management Resources for Small Businesses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Small businesses can calculate their carbon footprint and construct a greenhouse gas inventory to help track progress towards reaching emissions reduction goals. One strategy for this is EPA's Simplified GHG Emissions Calculator.

  5. Small Business Administration (SBA) Loan Program Performance- Post-Charge Off Recovery Rates by Program

    Data.gov (United States)

    Small Business Administration — Reflects total post-charge off recovery rates, as a percent of the amounts charged off by charge off year, for the major loan programs and aggregate totals by charge...

  6. Organizational Context as Element of the Development Ambidexterity in the Small Business

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heidy Rodriguez Ramos

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The organizational ambidexterity objective encouraging performance of companies through the simultaneous development of alignment and adaptability. Among the contextual factors that influence, stand out the training, trust, discipline, pressure and support on the organization's participants. The objective of this study is to analyze the relationship of the organizational context with the realization of organizational ambidexterity in small business. It seeks to understand if there is a positive relation between the attributes constituting the organizational context and the ambidexterity in small businesses. For both, was held a multiple case study with three small business in the city of São Luís. The main results indicate that the contextual factors influence the innovative capabilities and, consequently, in the organizational ambidexterity in small business. The results also indicate that the absence of such factors can cause the lack of innovation activities.

  7. 75 FR 3517 - Notice of Funding Availability for the Small Business Transportation Resource Center Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-21

    ... the success of the SBTRC program. In order for their outreach efforts to be effective, SBTRCs must be... applicants that demonstrate innovation and creativity in their approach to assist small businesses to become...

  8. Review of IT/IS Adoption and Decision-Making Behavior in Small Businesses

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YANG Xiaoping; FU Jing

    2008-01-01

    The increased use of information technologies has led to more research on information technology/information system (IT/IS) adoption and decision-making behavior in small businesses to improve information utilization. This paper presents an extensive review of the literature on IT/IS adoption to identify the key factors affecting small businesses based on comparison analysis. The review identifies the current interest in the adoption of Internet based IT and points out that the factors affecting different stages of the business lifecycle and research variables should be selected in terms of the different technology types. Especially, the review emphasizes the characteristics of external openings on the network in the research on e-commerce adoption. Future studies should focus on IT/IS adoption and implementation in small and medium-sized businesses during the development of small and medium-sized industrial clusters and specialty towns.

  9. Towards a Guideline for Design of a Corporate Entrepreneurship Function for Business Development in Medium-Sized Technology-Based Companies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Uittenbogaard, Boaz; Broens, Lute; Groen, Aard J.

    2005-01-01

    The speed with which global high-technology markets evolve makes companies recognize that an effective innovation process is the best way to guarantee competitiveness. However, when (medium-sized) companies then wish to set up a corporate entrepreneurship function to enhance business development pro

  10. 13 CFR 107.855 - Interest rate ceiling and limitations on fees charged to Small Businesses (“Cost of Money”).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION SMALL BUSINESS INVESTMENT COMPANIES Financing of Small Businesses by... amortization of loan fees. For the purposes of this paragraph (d)(4): (i) Interest expense on...

  11. Digital marketing in relation to business factors in small and mid-sized companies in Finland

    OpenAIRE

    Schelling, Axel

    2014-01-01

    This research takes look at how small and mid-sized companies in Finland use digital me-dia resources to promote their business and products. It investigates the use of different marketing methods and how those businesses make use the available tools with regards to the company size, annual revenue and other significant parameter. Since small and mid-sized companies have the some of the greatest problems to represent themselves online because of limited resources, it is therefore the idea for...

  12. [Occupational and non-occupational factors influencing health state of small and medium business workers].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fasikov, R M; Khuzhakhmetova, I B; Stepanov, E G

    2010-01-01

    Complex study of work conditions and health parameters of workers engaged into small and medium business proved that preserved and better health of these workers, prevention of occupational and occupationally mediated diseases necessitate federal and regional complex system of measures including legal basis, database on work conditions and their influence on small and medium business workers' health, occupational medicine training for employers and employees, more active involvement of medical institutioins into screening for occupational diseases.

  13. Consumer behavior and market segmentation for workplace safety consultants of small business

    OpenAIRE

    Tonny Kerley de Alencar Rodrigues; Átila de Melo Lira; Irenilza de Alencar Naas

    2015-01-01

    The research aims to use marketing principles to address the proper techniques that can be usefully applied by security consultant’s work for small businesses. In turn, this research can be classified as qualitative, descriptive where were analyzed information’s contained the Work Accident Statistical Year book also can be characterized how descriptive, since it describes  the marketing activities to be used with small businesses, and is a cross-sectional study involving several cases in whic...

  14. Development of State and Small-Business Partnership in a Region’s Innovation Sector

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guseva Mariya Sergeevna

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The strategic goals of innovation development of the Russian Federation and problems of development of small and medium businesses require the study of the mechanisms of successful cooperation between the state and small businesses, including public-private partnership (PPP. The article considers promising mechanisms for innovative development of the Russian economy in the framework of PPP, with the participation of small businesses. The hypothesis is presented by the thesis that small business has a high innovation potential and exceptional opportunities for its implementation in PPP projects. This thesis is confirmed by the analysis and synthesis of a number of scientific theories. The purpose of the study is to clarify the nature and areas of partnership between the state and small business in innovation and development of proposals to improve their cooperation according to the PPP principles. The methodological basis of the study includes the systematic approach, methods of structural, concept, functional and statistical analysis, the method of expert evaluations. The paper discloses the essence of public-private partnership as a mechanism for attracting private capital to investment processes on mutually beneficial terms for solving socially important issues; identifies the tools and forms of PPP used for economic innovative development. The key mechanisms of economic innovative development based on the principles of public-private partnership, include: program government investments; creation and maintenance of development institutions; formation and development of innovative territorial clusters; building and development of an innovative high-tech business development infrastructure. Using the experience of the Samara Oblast and the aerospace cluster the authors review the mechanisms for the implementation of PPP in innovation sector and the model for involving small businesses in investment projects. They also define organizational and

  15. The U.S. Department of Energy pollution prevention program: Applications for small business

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Betsch, M.D.

    1997-05-14

    This report shows the benefits small businesses can realize by instituting cost-effective pollution prevention improvements. It is a series of pollution prevention assessments that were conducted at small businesses in Richland, Washington. It describes a technology transfer test of US Department of Energy (USDOE) pollution prevention methods to small businesses through eleven pollution prevention assessments conducted at small businesses in the city of Richland. The assessment method tested was first developed at the USDOE Hanford Site, located in Richland, Washington. Two pilot studies were initially conducted to determine the usefulness of the assessment method for small businesses. Then, four additional pollution prevention assessments were conducted using a refined process. In order to determine the assessment method`s usefulness by different practitioners, a number of the assessments contained in this report were conducted by the undergraduate and graduate students at Washington State University at Tri-Cities as part of their class projects. These students were trained in the pollution prevention assessment process by the author of this report and conducted five small business assessments using the same methods and materials as in the remainder of the study.

  16. Achieving Success in Small Business. A Self-Instruction Program for Small Business Owner-Managers. Developing Your Sales Promotion Plan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ., Blacksburg. Div. of Vocational-Technical Education.

    This self-instructional module on developing your sales promotion plan is the fifth in a set of twelve modules designed for small business owner-managers. Competencies for this module are (1) describe the role of advertising, display, and personal selling in a sales promotion plan and (2) develop an effective sales promotion plan which…

  17. Poor health kills small business: illness and microenterprises in South Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chao, Li-Wei; Pauly, Mark; Szrek, Helena; Pereira, Nuno Sousa; Bundred, Frances; Cross, Catherine; Gow, Jeff

    2007-01-01

    Small businesses contribute almost 50 percent of total employment and 30 percent of gross domestic product in South Africa, but the impact of poor health and AIDS on these businesses is poorly documented. Using three waves of longitudinal data from predominantly African neighborhoods in peri-urban Durban, South Africa, this project investigates the connections between the health of the owner of a micro- and small enterprise (MSE) and the MSE's growth, survival, or exit. The results show that poor baseline health and declines in health over time are both significantly associated with subsequent business closure.

  18. WOMEN-ENTREPRENEURS: A DYNAMIC FORCE OF SMALL BUSINESS SECTOR

    OpenAIRE

    Dianne Welsh; Mariana Dragusin

    2006-01-01

    The field of Entrepreneurship is experiencing worldwide not only a renaissance but a revolution in which women tend to play an important role. Are women entrepreneurs good for the economic development? What is their contribution to a healthier economy? Is Entrepreneurship more suitable for males than females? How strong the gender stereotypes are and how can they affect business success? Is Entrepreneurship an attractive career path for women? What kind of motivation and personality is needed...

  19. A Model for Occupational Safety and Health Intervention Diffusion to Small Businesses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sinclair, Raymond C.; Cunningham, Thomas R.; Schulte, Paul A.

    2015-01-01

    Background Smaller businesses differ from their larger counterparts in having higher rates of occupational injuries and illnesses and fewer resources for preventing those losses. Intervention models developed outside the United States have addressed the resource deficiency issue by incorporating intermediary organizations such as trade associations. Methods This paper extends previous models by using exchange theory and by borrowing from the diffusion of innovations model. It emphasizes that occupational safety and health (OSH) organizations must understand as much about intermediary organizations as they do about small businesses. OSH organizations (“initiators”) must understand how to position interventions and information to intermediaries as added value to their relationships with small businesses. Examples from experiences in two midwestern states are used to illustrate relationships and types of analyses implied by the extended model. Results The study found that intermediary organizations were highly attuned to providing smaller businesses with what they want, including OSH services. The study also found that there are opinion leader organizations and individual champions within intermediaries who are key to decisions and actions about OSH programming. Conclusions The model places more responsibility on both initiators and intermediaries to develop and market interventions that will be valued in the competitive small business environment where the resources required to adopt each new business activity could always be used in other ways. The model is a candidate for empirical validation, and it offers some encouragement that the issue of sustainable OSH assistance to small businesses might be addressed. PMID:24115112

  20. Transportation decisions of small businesses in Soweto: Balancing responsiveness and efficiency

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Themari Eicker

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The performance of small businesses makes an important contribution to the South African economy. Although the South African government implemented various initiatives for the development of small businesses in townships, the full advantage of such initiatives has not yet been experienced.Objectives: To investigate how formal, independent small retail businesses operating in Soweto manage transportation as a logistical supply chain driver to be financially sustainable.Method: During 2014, a survey was conducted among a sample of 556 formal, independent small retail businesses in Soweto to determine if these retailers focused on responsiveness or cost-efficiency when managing their logistical supply chain driver of transportation.Results: The results showed that the retailers manage transportation decisions by focusing on either cost-efficiency or responsiveness, depending on the type of transportation decision and the industry in which the retailer operates. In terms of the profile of the older businesses (5 years and older that showed a growth pattern in income (turnover over the past year, responsive transportation decisions based on having inventory available (either by direct delivery by suppliers or by using own transportation was a higher priority than considering cost.Conclusion: The type of transportation decisions made by the older, growing businesses could serve as an example to younger businesses showing a stagnating or contracting growth pattern.

  1. Problems of formation of the financial resources of small businesses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gorbunova Irina Ivanovna

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Article is devoted problems of formation of financial resources of small enterprises. In article kinds and sources of financing of small enterprises are analysed, the estimation of influence of external and internal factors on formation of financial resources of small enterprises is given.

  2. Microsoft Access Small Business Solutions State-of-the-Art Database Models for Sales, Marketing, Customer Management, and More Key Business Activities

    CERN Document Server

    Hennig, Teresa; Linson, Larry; Purvis, Leigh; Spaulding, Brent

    2010-01-01

    Database models developed by a team of leading Microsoft Access MVPs that provide ready-to-use solutions for sales, marketing, customer management and other key business activities for most small businesses. As the most popular relational database in the world, Microsoft Access is widely used by small business owners. This book responds to the growing need for resources that help business managers and end users design and build effective Access database solutions for specific business functions. Coverage includes::; Elements of a Microsoft Access Database; Relational Data Model; Dealing with C

  3. THE DEVELOPMENT OF SMALL-SCALE BUSINESS IN RUSSIA, TYPES OF FUNDING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kirill O. Voronin

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In Russia small-scale business originated in the end of 1980s duringRestructuring. It has been developing as fast as Russian economics.Unlike large industrial companies, which just continued to run businessas they used to, small-scale businessmen had to start from scratch ordisaffiliate with large organizations. Basically, in 1990-s small-scale business as a financial institute was self-regulated due to its highcriminalization and nonpayment of tax.For a period of only 25 years small-scale business has improved muchand now provides well-being to the country. The improvement happeneddue to the following factors:- propitious economic and political climate of the country against thebackground of global economy and the years of restricting- important and useful measures for economic development were taken - important and useful measures for development of small-scale enterprises were takenThe development of this new financial institute is quite fast, but historyhas other examples of such phenomenon. In the 21st century RussianFederation adopted experience of advanced countries and imposed it onits historic experience. However, we can’t say that small-scale business is on its top of development in our country. Nowadays development of small-scale business is one of the priorities of the Russian government.

  4. Analysis of the Complex Characteristics of the Organization of Science and Technology-based Small-Micro Enterprises%科技型小微企业组织复杂性特征探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘利; 袁页

    2013-01-01

    According to the principles of complexity science theory and the reality of technology based small micro enterprises,the articles made a wide research on the small micro enterprise organization complexity at home,and focus on the characteristics of technological small micro enterprise environment complexity,the complexity of technology based smallmicro enterprise organization structure characteristics,the complexity characteristics of technology based small micro enterprise organization form.Also,the complexity of technology-based small micro enterprise organization management mode characteristics,small-micro enterprises exploration and the characteristics of the complexity of the organization's strategy are studied.%根据复杂性理论和小微企业的现实情况,在国内科技型小微企业研究综述的基础上,对科技型小微企业组织环境复杂性特征、科技型小微企业组织结构复杂性特征、科技型小微企业组织形态复杂性特征、科技型小微企业组织管理方式复杂性特征、科技型小微企业组织战略复杂性特征进行了探索和分析.

  5. Creating integrated information management system for small and medium business

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deinega Valentina Nikolaevna

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Enterprises regardless of their size and ownership, focused on a long and successful work needed to create a system of integrated information systems. This is dictated by the fact that, firstly, it combines the financial data, and secondly provides a standardized manufacturing processes, thirdly, solves the problem of standardization of information in a frame. The main thing in your decision-making - the definition of the strategy of the business and the reflection of this strategy on goals and objectives. ERP-system help to maintain competitiveness and leadership in the market.

  6. 75 FR 6414 - Cardinal Growth, L.P.; Notice Seeking Exemption Under Section 312 of the Small Business...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-09

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Cardinal Growth, L.P.; Notice Seeking Exemption Under Section 312 of the Small Business Investment... Business Administration (``SBA'') Rules and Regulations (13 CFR 107.730). Cardinal Growth, L.P....

  7. Learning Opportunities And Learning Behaviours Of Small Business Starters: Relations With Goal Achievement, Skill Development, And Satisfaction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A.M. van Gelderen (Marco); L. van der Sluis; P. Jansen (Paul)

    2004-01-01

    textabstractLearning is a vital issue for small business starters, contributing to short term and long term business performance, as well as to personal development. This study investigates when and how small business starters learn. It specifies the situations that offer learning opportunities, as

  8. 13 CFR 125.8 - What definitions are important in the Service-Disabled Veteran-Owned (SDVO) Small Business...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... for the Service-Disabled Veteran-Owned Small Business Concern Program § 125.8 What definitions are... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false What definitions are important in the Service-Disabled Veteran-Owned (SDVO) Small Business Concern (SBC) Program? 125.8 Section...

  9. A Vulnerability Assessment of the U.S. Small Business B2C E-Commerce Network Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Jensen J.; Truell, Allen D.; Alexander, Melody W.; Woosley, Sherry A.

    2011-01-01

    Objective: This study assessed the security vulnerability of the U.S. small companies' business-to-consumer (B2C) e-commerce network systems. Background: As the Internet technologies have been changing the way business is conducted, the U.S. small businesses are investing in such technologies and taking advantage of e-commerce to access global…

  10. 13 CFR 107.900 - Management fees for services provided to a Small Business by Licensee or its Associate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Management fees for services provided to a Small Business by Licensee or its Associate. 107.900 Section 107.900 Business Credit and... Licensees Management Services and Fees § 107.900 Management fees for services provided to a Small...

  11. A Vulnerability Assessment of the U.S. Small Business B2C E-Commerce Network Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Jensen J.; Truell, Allen D.; Alexander, Melody W.; Woosley, Sherry A.

    2011-01-01

    Objective: This study assessed the security vulnerability of the U.S. small companies' business-to-consumer (B2C) e-commerce network systems. Background: As the Internet technologies have been changing the way business is conducted, the U.S. small businesses are investing in such technologies and taking advantage of e-commerce to access global…

  12. Health Savings Accounts for Small Businesses and Entrepreneurs: Shopping, Take-Up and Implementation Challenges

    OpenAIRE

    Susan M. Gates; Karaca-Mandic, Pinar; Burgdorf, James R.; Kapur, Kanika

    2009-01-01

    A combination of high deductible health plans (HDHPs) and health savings accounts (HSAs) holds promise for expanding health insurance for small firms. We provide information on HSA take-up and shopping behavior from a 2008 survey of female small business owners, revealing that the HSA marketplace can be confusing for small firms. HSAs may have expanded access to health insurance for the smallest firms (under three employees), but not for small firms more generally. A sizable number of firms o...

  13. ASSESSMENT OF SMALL BUSINESSES DEVELOPMENT IN THE KRASNODAR REGION AND PROBLEMS OF THEIR FUNCTIONING AND MANAGEMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Baranovskaya T. P.

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Small businesses play a special role in the development of the state economy: the national budget from taxes, increasing the welfare of the population, the question of employment, the formation of competitive environment, cost containment and improving the quality of goods and services. In this regard, become topical issues related to the creation of favorable conditions for the functioning and development of management tools and mechanisms of development of organizations of this segment of the economy. This work aims to identify the key problems of functioning of small business organizations through the assessment of the development of this segment in the economy of the Krasnodar region. For the evaluation of small business development in the Krasnodar region we used basic unit of economic analysis aimed at determining the major trends of change in number of organizations average number of employees, revenues, as well as a number of relative indicators in the whole segment and by major activities. It was determined that the number of small businesses in the Krasnodar region for three years practically did not change, whereas a decrease in the number of workers employed in this segment, revenue has a small tendency to increase. In the structure of the segment is dominated by micro-enterprises, 47% operate in the trade sector. Indicators of development of small business organizations meet the classification criteria in terms of revenue for microenterprises and their share in total number of companies this segment is 1%. The results of the study say the lack of a clear strategy from small businesses, due to unavailability of tools for its development, expressed the high value of the resource and, as a consequence, ignoring this question when organizing the activities of enterprises. Therefore, the question becomes more urgent the development of tools of business modeling and strategic planning adapted to the requirements of this segment

  14. Issues and lessons learned in planning and implementing Energy Extension Service small business programs: some case examples

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1979-03-23

    As part of an effort to lower energy-consumption levels among individuals and small establishments that use energy, the Energy Extension Service, operating in ten pilot states, has implemtned programs which focus on the particular needs of small businesses. In Alabama, Auburn University provides information and analyses to test the feasibility of using alternative fuels for small businesses. In Connecticut, the Department of Commerce provides audits to businesses throughout the state. In Michigan, the Department of Commerce, through two contractors, provides seminars to one tenth of the small businesses in southeastern Michigan. In New Mexico, the small-business program provides demonstration audits of small businesses using alternative energy sources. In Pennsylvania, EES, in connection with Pennsylvania State Univ., provides technical assistance to small businesses throughout the state. In Tennessee, the program provides audits, seminars, and counseling services to small businesses in three of that state's counties. In Texas, the Texas A and M College of Engineering operates an information retrieval system for small manufacturers through a bi-monthly bulletin. In Seattle, Washington, the small-business program provides audits to ''Mom and Pop'' type businesses in two of that city's neighborhoods. In Wisconsin, the Univ. of Wisconsin provides seminars and audits to hospitality industry businesses. In Wyoming, the small-business program provides seminars to firms in the building industry. This case study was prepared in order to describe these programs in further detail, and is presented in two sections. The first section consists of papers on topics of particular concern for persons operating or planning a small-business program. The second section provides a summary description of the small-business programs operating in each of the ten pilot states.

  15. Role of Strong versus Weak Networks in Small Business Growth in an Emerging Economy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Kamil Kozan

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available The study tests whether strong rather than weak ties account for small business growth in Turkey. Data were collected by means of a questionnaire filled out by the owners of small firms operating in four cities. Growth is comprised of two main areas, production expansion and knowledge acquisition. Results show that strong ties are positively related to both types of growth. In contrast, loose ties have no effect on small business growth in either area. This finding is attributed to the influence of the collectivistic nature of the mainstream Turkish culture, where owners of small businesses are likely to rely on in-groups rather than out-groups for advice and for financial support. Implications of relative absence of weak ties for small business growth and innovation in emerging economies are discussed. The findings suggest that culture should be included as a contingency variable in future studies of network strength and growth relationship. The paper also discusses the possible moderating role of affective and cognition-based trust in the relation of strong and weak ties to small business growth.

  16. NASA's Management and Utilization of the Small Business Innovative Research (SBIR) Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mexcur, Winfield Paul

    2003-01-01

    The United Space Congress established the SBIR program in 1982 for the following purposes: ( 1) Stimulate technological innovation (2) Increase private-sector commercialization derived from federal R&D (3) Use small business to meet federal R&D needs (4) Foster and encourage participation by disadvantaged persons and women in technological innovation The STTR program was established in 1992 with the additional requirement of having a small business partner with a research institution (usually a university) for the purpose of transferring intellectual property from the research institution to the small business concern for enabling a government technical need and furthering the technological development for the purpose of developing commercial products. The government of Japan has established a program that models portions of the U.S. SBIR and STTR programs. They are very interested in how NASA has been so successful in fulfilling the Congressional objectives of these programs. In particular, they want to understand the management practices and incentives that are provided to enable partnerships between business enterprises, academia and government. The speech will also focus on some of the many successful technologies (on a conceptual level) that have been developed through NASA s SBIR and STTR programs and mechanisms used to promote cooperation between small businesses, large businesses, academia and government agencies within the United States. The speech is on a conceptual level, focusing on U.S. and NASA policies and management implementation practices. No enabling technical discussion will be held.

  17. NASA's Management and Utilization of the Small Business Innovative Research (SBIR) Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mexcur, Winfield Paul

    2003-01-01

    The United Space Congress established the SBIR program in 1982 for the following purposes: ( 1) Stimulate technological innovation (2) Increase private-sector commercialization derived from federal R&D (3) Use small business to meet federal R&D needs (4) Foster and encourage participation by disadvantaged persons and women in technological innovation The STTR program was established in 1992 with the additional requirement of having a small business partner with a research institution (usually a university) for the purpose of transferring intellectual property from the research institution to the small business concern for enabling a government technical need and furthering the technological development for the purpose of developing commercial products. The government of Japan has established a program that models portions of the U.S. SBIR and STTR programs. They are very interested in how NASA has been so successful in fulfilling the Congressional objectives of these programs. In particular, they want to understand the management practices and incentives that are provided to enable partnerships between business enterprises, academia and government. The speech will also focus on some of the many successful technologies (on a conceptual level) that have been developed through NASA s SBIR and STTR programs and mechanisms used to promote cooperation between small businesses, large businesses, academia and government agencies within the United States. The speech is on a conceptual level, focusing on U.S. and NASA policies and management implementation practices. No enabling technical discussion will be held.

  18. The importance of a vision and mission for small, medium-sized and large businesses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JL van der Walt

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Although the vision and mission are important to the strategic planning of a business and much time and effort are spent on their formulation, they aren’t used as planning instruments. The purpose of this paper was to determine whether management understands the vision and mission as complementary concepts and whether they use them effectively in the planning process. This study was conducted by sending questionnaires to businesses in the Gauteng Province where most SMEs in South Africa are situated. Findings confirmed that the majority of businesses, especially small businesses, can distinguish between and have visions and missions, but do not apply them optimally in strategy implementation. Recommendations include that businesses should have a written vision and mission statement, which should be communicated effectively and applied in planning and strategy implementation.

  19. Business Incubators – Favorable Environment for Small and Medium Enterprises Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Camelia MORARU

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available The biggest problem for many small and medium enterprises (SMEs is not the idea or the product provided and neither its customers, but their needs. High prices of production and office space are critical to the survival of a small business. Incubators come as a response to the needs of small and medium enterprises in key steps of a business, such as initiation and market penetration. An incubator aims to have a positive effect on the economic health of an area, of a community.

  20. 76 FR 13974 - Information Collection; Small Business Timber Sale Set-Aside Program; Appeal Procedures on...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-15

    ... the Forest Service to reinstate an appeals process for decisions concerning recomputation of Small... purchasers have the opportunity to purchase a fair proportion of National Forest System timber offered for... purchased by small businesses. Shares must be recomputed if there is a change in manufacturing capability...

  1. 78 FR 35085 - Small Business Size Standards: Waiver of the Nonmanufacturer Rule

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-11

    ... considered available to participate in the Federal market for a class of products, a small business... the previous two years. 78 FR 20371. The public comment period for the notice to rescind the class... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL...

  2. 77 FR 77185 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-31

    ... Statement will facilitate market research efforts by Treasury Bureaus, allowing them to search for small... Troubled Asset Relief Program to conduct research when searching for small businesses to perform on... capital or start-up costs and costs of operation, maintenance, and purchase of services to provide...

  3. A small business approach to nanomaterial environment, health, and safety.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gause, Charles B; Layman, Rachel M; Small, Aaron C

    2011-06-01

    Integral to the commercialization process for nanotechnology enabled products is the methodology for protecting workers potentially exposed to nanomaterials during product development. Occupational health surveillance is a key aspect of protecting employees and involves both hazard identification and surveillance of known medical data. However, when the health effects and exposure pathways of both new and existing "nano-scale" chemical substances are not yet well understood, conservative hazard controls and baseline data collection can facilitate both immediate and long-term worker protection. Luna Innovations uses a conservative approach based on risk assessment and the OSHA General Duty Clause. To date, Luna's approach has been effective for our business model. Understanding and managing potential hazards to our nanotechnology workers is key to the success and acceptance of nanotechnology enabled products.

  4. Small Business Innovation Research. Abstracts of Phase II awards, 2000

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2000-12-01

    The SBIR program enables DOE to obtain effective, innovative solutions to important problems through the private sector, which has a commercial incentive to pursue the resulting technology and bring it to the marketplace. The growing number of awardees, many of them started in business in response to SBIR solicitations, is becoming a significant resource for the solution of high risk, high technology problems for the Department. As detailed below, this publication describes the technical efforts and commercialization possibilities for SBIR Phase II awards in Fiscal Year (FY) 2000. It is intended for the educated layman, and maybe of particular interest to potential investors who wish to get in on the ground floor of exciting opportunities.

  5. BARRIERS IN IMPLEMENTATION OF E-BUSINESS TECHNOLOGIES IN SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES (SMEs IN PAKISTAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anwar Ali Shah G. SYED

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available The current research investigates the Barriers in implementation of E-Business Technologies in Small and Medium enterprises (SMEs in Pakistan. Data were collected from 2000 respondents by using simple random technique. A structural questionnaire was developed for the data collection and reliability and validity of data. It was revealed that most of the SMEs business owners are not familiar in using internet and in many cases they are not computer literate. It was further revealed that Government should provide some basic computer training to the Small and Medium Enterprises so they will able to use computer. The proper implementation of E-Business technologies in SMEs in Pakistan, Government and other related agencies can initiate E-Business in SMEs to achieve competitive edge.

  6. Scientific-technical activities of small business (foreign experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stoyko, Igor Ivanovych

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available The analysis of small firms in foreign countries, their contribution to scientific and technical development, sources of financing and carrying out a niche in research and development work.

  7. Methodology for Assessing the Work of Small Business at the Municipal Level

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aleksandr Evgen’evich Kremin

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available In order to promote sustainable socio-economic development in a municipality, its local authorities face the task of establishing an industrial and financial base on their territory, it will help increase its level of economic independence. On the basis of foreign experience and domestic research on territorial development it can be concluded that one of the most effective ways to enhance the level of socio-economic development of the municipality is to boost its small business. Effective management of this economic sector requires adequate assessment of its functioning at the municipal level. The analysis of existing methodologies for assessing the functioning of small business at the municipal level shows that none of them meets the criteria that the author of the present paper has selected and that are necessary for efficient research into the small business sector. In this regard, a methodology for estimating the work of small business at the municipal level was elaborated, and tested on the statistic data of municipal formations of the Vologda Oblast. The study reveals municipalities with the highest and lowest levels of small business development. In addition, municipalities were grouped in three blocks that represent different characteristics of their functioning. Taking into account the problems of business subjects, the study has developed measures to increase the level of development for each group of municipalities. Implementing these activities will help intensify the work of the sector of the economy under consideration, and increase the economic independence of territorial formations in the region. The paper can be used to assess the effectiveness of activities aimed to support small business in the region and to help regional and municipal authorities to work out a strategy for further development of this economic sector

  8. THE NECESSITY OF IMPROVING THE SYSTEM OF DEVELOPMENT OF REGULATION OF SMALL AGRARIAN BUSINESS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tolmachev A. V.

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Practice shows that the level of development of small agricultural farms is an important indicator of favorability of the conditions created by government for development of production and rural territories. Conversely, the degree of development of rural areas has an impact on the development of small agricultural entities. It is necessary to increase the independence, motivation, municipal authorities in socioeconomic development of given territories. However, today, there is a relative decrease in the level of support for small businesses. Since 2007, the Support of agriculture in our region has grown almost by three times, but small agrarian business grew only by 34.3%, that is, in fact, observed as a negative trend, when adjusted for inflation. Without a system of state support of small business it is problematic to conduct a correct reproduction of the herd and to increase the volume of industry’s output. Such situation results in: lower rural incomes, especially in private subsidiary farms; the number of jobs, increase of unemployment, social tension in society, and a negative effect on the regional economy. It is necessary to improve the economic mechanism of state support of small businesses, to improve the conditions of lending and investments, to create conditions for increasing production of marketable products and new jobs, to increase rural employment, to improve the system of cooperation in production, processing, storage, transportation and sale of products to small businesses, to improve social infrastructure, to improve the quality of rural life. The authors have developed and offered corrective suggestions for implementation of the regional target program of development of small forms of businesses for 2016- 2020 with the definition of deadlines and funding, by blocks of the organization of competitive production, support for family farms, system of agricultural cooperation, and marketing of commercial products

  9. Influenza pandemic preparedness: motivation for protection among small and medium businesses in Australia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MacIntyre C Raina

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Community-wide preparedness for pandemic influenza is an issue that has featured prominently in the recent news media, and is currently a priority for health authorities in many countries. The small and medium business sector is a major provider of private sector employment in Australia, yet we have little information about the preparedness of this sector for pandemic influenza. This study aimed to investigate the association between individual perceptions and preparedness for pandemic influenza among small and medium business owners and managers. Methods Semi-structured face-to-face interviews were conducted with 201 small and medium business owners or managers in New South Wales and Western Australia. Eligible small or medium businesses were defined as those that had less than 200 employees. Binomial logistic regression analysis was used to identify the predictors of having considered the impact of, having a plan for, and needing help to prepare for pandemic influenza. Results Approximately 6 per cent of participants reported that their business had a plan for pandemic influenza, 39 per cent reported that they had not thought at all about the impact of pandemic influenza on their business, and over 60 per cent stated that they required help to prepare for a pandemic. Beliefs about the severity of pandemic influenza and the ability to respond were significant independent predictors of having a plan for pandemic influenza, and the perception of the risk of pandemic influenza was the most important predictor of both having considered the impact of, and needing help to prepare for a pandemic. Conclusion Our findings suggest that small and medium businesses in Australia are not currently well prepared for pandemic influenza. We found that beliefs about the risk, severity, and the ability to respond effectively to the threat of pandemic influenza are important predictors of preparedness. Campaigns targeting small and medium

  10. The Research on Definition and Classification Standard of Technology-Based Small and Medium Enterprises in China%我国科技型中小企业定义及划型标准的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈志军; 温洲; 李享

    2016-01-01

    Through analyzing and comparing the classification standards of technology-based companies, hi-tech companies, and small and medium enterprises, this paper proposes the definition of technology-based small and medium enterprises (hereinafter shortened as SMEs). Three key factors of the technology-based SMEs are identified and examined: the personnel engaged in science and technology activities, input into science and technology activities and the science and technology output. Finally, the paper goes on to propose the classification standards of technology-based SMEs in China, based on the threshold evaluation methodology. Furthermore, the classification standards of technology-based SMEs are differentiated between national level and provincial level, according to actual conditions respectively.%本文通过对科技型企业、高新技术企业和中小企业的界定指标进行研究分析,提出科技型中小企业的定义,重点分析了科技型中小企业的三大核心要素(科技人员、科技投入和科技产出)。在此基础上,研究提出基于划线评价法的我国科技型中小企业划型标准,并明确细分为国家级和省级科技型中小企业划型标准。

  11. Micro and small business ethics and the employment people with disabilities

    OpenAIRE

    Ulyatt, Ian

    2009-01-01

    There is growing recognition that good ethics and CSR can have a positive economic impact on the performance of firms on large organisations (Joyner & Payne: 2002), however does micro and small businesses have the same good business ethics or values. Moral beliefs and social attitudes of organisations to what they see as the lesser import ethical issues such as disabilities are at best claim their moral merit or their opinion for / or against participation of people with disabilities in their...

  12. The Business Environment and Problems of Small and Medium Enterprises in Kosovo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MSc. Muhamet Hashani

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available A good business environment means a catalyst for small and medium enterprises, a good business environment facilitates development and sustainability of small and medium enterprises. The development of micro, small and medium enterprises (MSME is very important to the economic development of a country, and intentionally, MSMEs are considered to be amongst the most efficient instruments for economies in transition, because of their production of sustainable economic growth, employment and poverty reduction. Small and medium enterprises are a generator of new products and technologies; they are are a source of new ideas and advanced strategies of management. Development and sustainability of small and medium enterprises depends on the business environment, which implies a series of social, legal, economic, political or institutional conditions, which are uncontrollable in nature, and affect the organizations’ functions. This study addresses the baseline documents which were taken into consideration by the Government of the Republic of Kosovo in developing economic policies, thereby analysing their advantages and disadvantages. By analysing reports, statistics on MSMEs and other documents, and further complementing the study by a research section (business survey, this paper aims at identifying the key problems faced by the MSMEs in Kosovo, and provide adequate recommendations which may be of service in resolving such problems, but also resulting into a better business environment, and economic development in general.

  13. Mobile Data Technology for Small Businesses: needs, uses and adoption

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Debra Harker

    2002-05-01

    Full Text Available The technological environment in which Australian SMEs operate can be best described as dynamic and vital. The rate of technological change provides the SME owner/manger a complex and challenging operational context. Wireless applications are being developed that provide mobile devices with Internet content and E-business services. In Australia, the adoption of commerce by large organisations has been relatively high, however, the same cannot be said for SMEs, where adoption has been slower than other developed countries. In contrast, however, mobile telephone adoption and diffusion is relatively high by SMEs. Will SMEs who have been reluctant to adopt ecommerce technologies in the past be more ready to go on-line with the merging of the Internet and mobile data technologies? This exploratory study identifies attitudes, perceptions and issues for mobile data technologies by regional SME owner/managers across a range of industry sectors. The major issues include the sector the firm belongs to, the current adoption status of the firm, the level of mistrust of the IT industry, the cost of the technologies, and the applications and attributes of the technologies.

  14. 77 FR 72702 - Small Business Size Standards: Information

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-06

    .... Technological changes, productivity growth, international competition, mergers and acquisitions and updated....103). The fourth issue the commenter raised related to mergers and acquisitions (M&A) activities. The... considered small. SBA disagrees with this comment. Mergers create affiliation (see 13 CFR 121.103) between or...

  15. 77 FR 39385 - Receipts-Based, Small Business Size Standard

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-03

    ... Federal Regulations is sold by the Superintendent of Documents. #0;Prices of new books are listed in the...), the NRC conformed its format for size standards to mirror the definitions of small entities in the... reactors, Penalties, Sex discrimination, Source material, Special nuclear material, Waste treatment...

  16. General design of a technical assistance program to help DOE/prime contractor buyers in doing business with small disadvantaged businesses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wood, M.T.; Radford, L.R.; Saari, L.M.; Wright, J.

    1986-04-01

    This report offers a design and recommendations for implementing a program of education to assist Department of Energy buyers and procurement officers in increasing the quality and quantity of small disadvantaged business (DB) participation in their contracted work. The recommendations are based on a previous companion report, ''Issues in Contracting with Small Minority Businesses,'' from which technical assistance and related needs were derived. The assistance program is based on buyer and disadvantaged-business needs, as determined from synthesizing the results of interviews with over two dozen minority business leaders and procurement officers.

  17. Adapted strategic plannig model applied to small business: a case study in the fitness area

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduarda Tirelli Hennig

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The strategic planning is an important management tool in the corporate scenario and shall not be restricted to big Companies. However, this kind of planning process in small business may need special adaptations due to their own characteristics. This paper aims to identify and adapt the existent models of strategic planning to the scenario of a small business in the fitness area. Initially, it is accomplished a comparative study among models of different authors to identify theirs phases and activities. Then, it is defined which of these phases and activities should be present in a model that will be utilized in a small business. That model was applied to a Pilates studio; it involves the establishment of an organizational identity, an environmental analysis as well as the definition of strategic goals, strategies and actions to reach them. Finally, benefits to the organization could be identified, as well as hurdles in the implementation of the tool.

  18. Understanding the decision-making process for health promotion programming at small to midsized businesses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hughes, M Courtney; Patrick, Donald L; Hannon, Peggy A; Harris, Jeffrey R; Ghosh, Donetta L

    2011-07-01

    This study explores the decision-making process for implementing and continuing health promotion programs at small to midsized businesses to inform health promotion practitioners and researchers as they market their services to these businesses. Qualitative interviews are conducted with 24 employers located in the Pacific Northwest ranging in size from 75 to 800 employees, with the majority having between 100 and 200 employees. Small to midsized employers depend most on company success-related factors rather than on humanitarian motives when deciding whether to adopt workplace health promotion programs. They rely heavily on health insurers for health promotion and desire more information about the actual costs and cost-benefits of programs. To increase health promotion adoption at small to midsized businesses, health promotion practitioners should appeal to overall company success-related factors, use the insurance channel, and target their information to both human resource personnel and senior management.

  19. Customer Relationship Marketing (CRM) Practices in Danish Small BusinessesCustomer Relationship Marketing (CRM) Practices in Danish Small Businesses

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kuada, John; Serles, Dorthe

    2006-01-01

    This paper examines the extent to which the adoption of CRM software packages is a pre-requisite of customer orientation strategies of small firms. This is done by conducting an empirical investigation into the internal determinants of CRM adoption behavior of 179 randomly selected small firms in...... make their CRM adoption/rejection decisions on the basis of a trade-off between expected benefits from using the available CRM packages compared with alternative modes of achieving customer loyalty....

  20. Customer Satisfaction on Small Business Loan by BDO Unibank Inc.: Basis for Service Enhancement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    AILEN P. DEVICAIS

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Due to global economic shifts, many businesses especially in service sector modified the way they do their business, attempted to attract and hold customers. They tend to focus in providing quality customer service and environment in which clientele wants are satisfied. This study aimed to propose customer satisfaction enhancement measures on small business loan offered by BDO Unibank, Inc. in Batangas City. Specifically, it aimed to determine the level of customers’ satisfaction in terms of Personal Skills and Business Environment and to test if such service quality dimensions significantly relate with their demographic variables. The descriptivecorrelation method of research was used in the study. The study showed customers of BDO who availed small business loan in 2012 are relatively middle aged female having loan availment of One Million to Five Million. Most of them are first timer and repeat clients. Almost all rated customer service on small business loan as to Personal Skills and Business environment as highly satisfied, however BDO still needs to provide services that make all quality services dimensions highly satisfied. The assessment of the personal skills is affected by what kind of occupation the client has and frequency of his/her loan availment. For only empathy and responsiveness among SERVQUAL dimensions when correlated to nature of work and number of loan availment show significant relationship, thus leaving the null hypothesis rejected. On the other hand, the level of customer satisfaction as to business environment is being affected by processing transaction and safety and security since both show significant relationship on the total amount availed and the respondents age. This was supported by the resulted p-values and indicates that the above mentioned variables were affected by their profile. Proposed service enhancement measures were based on results of the quality service dimensions as assessed by the loan customers.