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Sample records for susan feldman endowment

  1. Susan Smith

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Owner

    Soveel lesers soveel lokmiddele soveel re- sponse kan gelys word om toegang tot die lees van poësie te registreer. 'n Resep om ge- trou of in ontrou na te volg, bestaan nie. Ge- lukkig nie. Susan Smith se (debuut)bundel lok my helaas nie deur die voorblad as vertrek- punt te neem nie. Aan visuele prikkelkrag gaan.

  2. Dedication - Susan L Greenblatt

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guberman, Steven L.

    2011-07-01

    Photo of Susan L Greenblatt Figure 1. Susan in May, 1994 This volume is dedicated to the memory of Susan L Greenblatt, the wife of Steven L Guberman. Susan attended 6 of the 8 dissociative recombination (DR) meetings. Her advice and wise counsel played a vital role in the organization of several of these meetings. The fifth meeting in Chicago in 2001 was her idea and it would not have occurred without her encouragement. Susan was always amused by the memory of the first group dinner at the second DR meeting at St Jacut in 1992. As we went around the dinner table identifying ourselves, it soon became her turn. Susan was a sociologist and after introducing herself she said: "I am not a chemist". A spontaneous chorus of attendees proclaimed "Neither are we!". Her husband and a few other chemists abstained. In 1983, Susan and I established the Institute for Scientific Research (ISR). The name was chosen so as to span sociology and chemical physics. Four years prior, an ophthalmologist had diagnosed a rare retinal condition of unknown origin and advised her to change her profession to one that did not involve reading. (She was able to read for the rest of her life.) Twenty years later we learned that the cause of the retinal and all her other health problems was a recently discovered rare mitochondrial mutation. Her experience with ophthalmologists and her life-long keen sense of injustice, led her to write a grant proposal to the US Department of Education to survey all ophthalmologists in the US to determine whether they were aware of and whether they told their patients about resources and aids that could help them to continue reading and participating in everyday activities. As part of the grant and based upon the survey results, she proposed to set up low-vision training programs for ophthalmology residents. We knew that the competition for funding was intense and included several well-known and more established organizations. Nevertheless, the proposal was funded

  3. Susan Flannery lahkub? / Harro Puusild

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Puusild, Harro

    2008-01-01

    Ameerika teleseriaali "Vaprad ja ilusad" Stephanie Forresteri osatäitja Susan Flannery (1943) on seriaalis mänginud algusest peale s.o. 21 aastat. Lisatud intervjuu näitlejatariga. Sama ka Teleleht nr. 15, lk. 8-9 : ill

  4. Many Paths to Endowment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryan, Ellen

    1992-01-01

    Creative approaches of four institutions to endowment fund raising are described, including incentives for endowing chairs (Cornell University, New York), endowed football team positions (University of Southern California), a federal challenge grant (Green River Community College, Washington), and financial aid endowments by alumnae (Marlborough…

  5. Higher Education Endowments Return

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bahlmann, David; Walda, John D.; Sedlacek, Verne O.

    2012-01-01

    A new study of endowments by the National Association of College and University Business Officers (NACUBO) and the Commonfund Institute has brought good news to college and universities: While endowment returns dropped precipitously in fiscal year 2009 as a result of the financial crisis and accompanying slide in equity markets, they climbed to an…

  6. Largest College Endowments, 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chronicle of Higher Education, 2012

    2012-01-01

    Of all endowments valued at more than $250-million, the UCLA Foundation had the highest rate of growth over the previous year, at 49 percent. This article presents a table of the largest college endowments in 2011. The table covers the "rank," "institution," "market value as of June 30, 2011," and "1-year change" of institutions participating in…

  7. Yang-Feldman formalism on noncommutative Minkowski space

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Doescher, C.

    2006-12-15

    We examine quantum field theory on noncummutative spacetime. For this we choose an approach which lives explicitly on the noncommutative Minkowski space, namely the Yang-Feldman formalism. Here the ansatz is to try to solve the field equation of the quantum fields. In this setting we first take a look at an additional mass term, and use this to discuss possible IR cutoffs. We find classes of IR cutoffs which indeed yield the expected limit. Furthermore, we look at interacting models, namely the {phi}{sup 3} model in four and six dimensions, the {phi}{sup 4} model and the Wess-Zumino model. For these we calculate dispersion relations. We see that there exist huge differences in the orders of magnitude between logarithmically and quadratically divergent models. Integrals which are made finite by twisting factors are calculated rigorously in the sense of the theory of oscillatory integrals. (orig.)

  8. In Conversation with Susan Holtz | IDRC - International ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2010-11-26

    Nov 26, 2010 ... Susan Holtz is a private consultant and Adjunct Professor in the Environmental Planning Department of the Nova Scotia College for Art and Design. As a consultant, Ms. Holtz specializes in energy, environment, and sustainable development policy, and works on related issues as a mediator and facilitator.

  9. Roberts, Dennis C. & Komives, Susan R.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Enhancing Student Learning and Development in Cross-Border Higher Education, edited by. Dennis C. Roberts and Susan R. Komives, is a book that resulted from a short-term study-abroad experience between the Universities of Maryland and San Diego with the Qatar Foundation's Education City in Doha in 2010.

  10. Design package lazy susan for the fuel retrieval system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    TEDESCHI, D.J.

    1999-09-10

    This is a design package that contains the details for a Lazy Susan style small tool for the Fuel Retrieval System. The Lazy Susan tool is used to help rotate an MCO Fuel Basket when loading it. This document contains requirements, development design information, tests and test reports that pertain to the production of Lazy Susan small tool.

  11. Endowment and Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, John W.

    2000-05-01

    The 1998 annual report of the Research Corporation ( http://www.rescorp.org) contains fascinating reading for anyone with an interest in science education at private institutions. An article titled "The Midas Touch: Do Soaring Endowments Have Any Impact on College Science" concludes that "college science is seldom more than an incidental beneficiary of endowment resources, even when they are conspicuously plentiful." Written by Research Corporation director of communication W. Stevenson Bacon, the article reports on a survey of leading undergraduate institutions, dividing them between those with endowments above and below 300 million. The first surprise to me was that Harvard's endowment of 727,522 per full-time equivalent (FTE) student is exceeded by Grinnell's 760,404, and Yale's 612,015 per FTE student is far exceeded by Agnes Scott's 692,914 (much of it in Coca-Cola stock and somewhat restricted) and closely rivaled by Swarthmore's 608,955. Of the eleven institutions in the Research Corporation survey, seven were above 300,000 per FTE student and only four were below. Private-college endowments have soared along with a soaring stock market. The Research Corporation report asks whether this increased endowment income is helping colleges to provide improved education in the sciences. A major use of endowment income and gift funds is for construction of buildings. Seven of the eleven institutions surveyed had building programs under way or planned for the sciences, and three of the four remaining expected to stress science facilities in upcoming campaigns. In some cases new buildings are designed to support science effectively, but in others, according to Research Corporation Vice President Michael Doyle, "the building is an elegant shell without modern instrumentation or flexibility for future uses." New construction serves to make a campus attractive to prospective students who will bring in the tuition fees that support most of a college's budget. An "elegant

  12. Psychoanalytic Interpretation of Blueberries by Susan Gibb

    OpenAIRE

    Zalbidea Paniagua, Maya

    2014-01-01

    [ES] La obra de ficción digital titulada Blueberries (2009) de Susan Gibb, publicada en la ELO (Organización de literatura electrónica) invita al lector/a a viajar dentro de la mente de la protagonista para descubrir sus experiencias reales e imaginarias en las que se examinan las nociones de género, sexo, cuerpo e identidad de una mujer traumatizada. En este artículo se exploran los modos verbales y visuales en esta ficción digital breve siguiendo patrones semióticos así como se interpretan ...

  13. 75 FR 38837 - Susan Harwood Training Grant Program, FY 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-06

    ...: Notification of Funding Opportunity for Susan Harwood Training Grant Program, FY 2010. Funding Opportunity No... project performance period is $250,000. DATES: Targeted Topic training grant applications must be received... Links section, and then select ``Susan Harwood Training Grant Program''. Please note that on the Harwood...

  14. Susan Lindquist: Visionary scientist and peerless mentor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bevis, Brooke J

    2017-01-02

    The science universe is dimmer after one of our brightest stars, Susan Lee Lindquist, was taken by cancer on October 27, 2016. Sue was an innovative, creative, out-of-the-box scientific thinker. She had unique biological intuition-an instinct for both the way things worked and the right questions to ask to uncover new research insights. Her wide-ranging career began with the study of protein folding and molecular chaperones, and she went on to show that protein folding can have profound and unexpected biological effects on such diverse processes as cancer, evolution, and neurodegenerative disease. As Sue's laboratory manager, I would like to offer a ground-floor perspective on what made her an exceptional scientist, mentor, and leader. She created a harmonious, collegial environment where collaborative synergy fueled meaningful progress that will impact science for decades to come. © 2017 Bevis.

  15. Teaching for Art Criticism: Incorporating Feldman's Critical Analysis Learning Model in Students' Studio Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Subramaniam, Maithreyi; Hanafi, Jaffri; Putih, Abu Talib

    2016-01-01

    This study adopted 30 first year graphic design students' artwork, with critical analysis using Feldman's model of art criticism. Data were analyzed quantitatively; descriptive statistical techniques were employed. The scores were viewed in the form of mean score and frequencies to determine students' performances in their critical ability.…

  16. ENDOWMENT LIFE INSURANCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zeljko Sain

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the paper that treats the actuarial model of insurance in case of survival or early death is to show the actuarial methods and methodology for creating a model and an appropriate number of sub-models of the most popular form of life insurance in the world. The paper applies the scientific methodology of the deductive character based on scientific, theoretical knowledge and practical realities. Following the basic theoretical model’s determinants, which are at the beginning of the paper, the basic difference between models further in this paper was carried out according to the character of the premium to be paid. Finally, the financial repercussions of some models are presented at examples in insurance companies. The result of this paper is to show the spectrum of possible forms of capital endowment insurance which can be, without major problems, depending on the financial policy of the company, applied in actual practice. The conclusion of this paper shows the theoretical and the practical reality of this model, life insurance, and its quantitative and qualitative guidelines.

  17. Psychoanalytic Interpretation of Blueberries by Susan Gibb

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maya Zalbidea Paniagua

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Blueberries (2009 by Susan Gibb, published in the ELO (Electronic Literature Organization, invites the reader to travel inside the protagonist’s mind to discover real and imaginary experiences examining notions of gender, sex, body and identity of a traumatised woman. This article explores the verbal and visual modes in this digital short fiction following semiotic patterns as well as interpreting the psychological states that are expressed through poetical and technological components. A comparative study of the consequences of trauma in the protagonist will be developed including psychoanalytic theories by Sigmund Freud, Jacques Lacan and the feminist psychoanalysts: Melanie Klein and Bracha Ettinger. The reactions of the protagonist will be studied: loss of reality, hallucinations and Electra Complex, as well as the rise of defence mechanisms and her use of the artistic creativity as a healing therapy. The interactivity of the hypermedia, multiple paths and endings will be analyzed as a literary strategy that increases the reader’s capacity of empathizing with the speaker.

  18. Susan Sontag — A Forgotten Mother?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kludia Ziewiec

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The article discusses new and republished translations of Susan Sontag’s work, recently launched by the Karakter publishing house: Regarding the Pan of Others, On Photography, and Against Interpretation and Other Essays. The article focuses on the elements of Sontag’s thought that make her a forgotten mother of feminist and gender theoreticians, as well as such influential critics as Michel Foucault and Roland Barthes. The article points out to continuations of Sontag’s thought in contemporary theoretical and social projects, and to the pertinence of her critical observations on theories based on metaphysics of presence: psychoanalysis, Marxism, or hermeneutics. The article also touches upon history of war photography and related war journalism, and upon the ambivalent quality of imaging of the misery of war. It also present historical and cultural circumstances of the development of Sontag’s thought in the intellectual milieu of New York in the 1960s. The discussion recapitulates the main statements of Sontag’s essays, relating them to a wider theoretical context, which is aimed at a reappraisal of the forgotten intelectual in the history of literature.

  19. Meet EPA Scientist Susan Yee, Ph.D.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Susan Yee, Ph.D., is an ecologist at EPA's Gulf Ecology Division. She is working on the Puerto Rico Sustainable Communities program, developing decision support tools to evaluate how alternative decisions impact coastal ecosystem goods and services

  20. Susan swan and the female grotesque Susan swan and the female grotesque

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suzana Bornéo Funck

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduced to readers as “the tallest woman freelance writer in Canada”, Susan Swan belongs to a generation of writers whose experimental, innovative fiction has proved vital in the contemporary project of de/re/constructing narrative practice. Her 1983 novel The Biggest Modern Woman of the World constitutes an excellent example of what critic Linda Hutcheon has termed “historiographic metafiction”—”fiction that is intensely, self-reflexively art, but is also grounded in historical, social, and political realities” (Canadian 13. As a conscious engagement with social and historical contexts, such fiction aims at destabilizing and subverting accepted patterns of belief by reconceptualizing and narrating possible subjectivities. By means of intertextuality, especially parody, it engages in an ideological critique in terms of both sexual and national politics. Introduced to readers as “the tallest woman freelance writer in Canada”, Susan Swan belongs to a generation of writers whose experimental, innovative fiction has proved vital in the contemporary project of de/re/constructing narrative practice. Her 1983 novel The Biggest Modern Woman of the World constitutes an excellent example of what critic Linda Hutcheon has termed “historiographic metafiction”—”fiction that is intensely, self-reflexively art, but is also grounded in historical, social, and political realities” (Canadian 13. As a conscious engagement with social and historical contexts, such fiction aims at destabilizing and subverting accepted patterns of belief by reconceptualizing and narrating possible subjectivities. By means of intertextuality, especially parody, it engages in an ideological critique in terms of both sexual and national politics.

  1. Maryann Feldman

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lorenzen, Mark; Carlsson, Bo

    2014-01-01

    to the study of the geography of innovation. A central focus of her work is on the role of entrepreneurial activity in the formation of regional industry clusters. She has studied entrepreneurial events involving both individuals and teams and the role of knowledge spillovers and finance in geographical...... clustering. She has also addressed other important aspects of contemporary entrepreneurship research, such as how academic entrepreneurship is influenced by intellectual property rights and modes of finance and how high-technology entrepreneurship aligns with public policy and the geography of innovation....... The most significant impact of Maryann Feldman’s scientific output lies in research on firm location, inter-firm knowledge spillovers, and clusters/ regional development. Her research addresses macro aspects of industry evolution, micro-level aspects of firm strategy and organization, as well as meso...

  2. Collaborative Internet Projects: An Interview with Susan Silverman about Her Passion and Hobby.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strangman, Nicole

    2002-01-01

    Outlines an interview with Susan Silverman, an instructional technology integration teacher in the Comsewogue school district in Port Jefferson Station, New York. Describes Susan's transformation from technophobe to an innovator of collaborative Internet projects. (PM)

  3. Susan Dicklitch. The Elusive Promise of NGO's | Heck | Uganda ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Susan Dicklitch. The Elusive Promise of NGO's. Simon Heck. Full Text: EMAIL FULL TEXT EMAIL FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT · http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/uj.v46i1.23044 · AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors · FAQ's · More about ...

  4. Endowment effects in gorillas (Gorilla gorilla).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drayton, Lindsey A; Brosnan, Sarah F; Carrigan, Jodi; Stoinski, Tara S

    2013-11-01

    Reports of endowment effects in nonhuman primates have received considerable attention in the comparative literature in recent years. However, little is known about the mechanisms underlying these effects. Continuing to explore endowment effects across different species of primate may reveal subtle differences in behavior that can help formulate specific hypotheses about the relevant mechanisms and the social and ecological factors that have shaped them. In this study, we use a paradigm that has previously been used to test chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) and orangutans (Pongo spp.) to explore whether western lowland gorillas (Gorilla gorilla) exhibit comparable endowment effects. We find that gorillas exhibit endowment effects when in possession of food, but not nonfood, items, and that they show a statistically stronger effect than chimpanzees but not orangutans. These findings are consistent with the hypothesis that mechanisms for endowment effects in primates may be related to inhibitory control or risk aversion.

  5. Dispersion relations in the noncommutative {phi}{sup 3} and Wess-Zumino model in the Yang-Feldman formalism

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Doescher, C.; Zahn, J. [Hamburg Univ. (Germany). 2. Inst. fuer Theoretische Physik

    2006-05-15

    We study dispersion relations in the noncommutative {phi}{sup 3} and Wess-Zumino model in the Yang-Feldman formalism at one-loop order. Non-planar graphs lead to a distortion of the dispersion relation. We find that this effect is small if the scale of noncommutativity is identified with the Planck scale and parameters typical for a Higgs field are employed. (Orig.)

  6. Unwrapping the Thick Coat of Armor: A Conversation with Susan Albrecht

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaff, Marilyn; Teagarden, Jim; Zabel, Robert

    2017-01-01

    Susan Albrecht's career has spanned more than 40 years. During those years she has served as an English teacher, school psychologist, behavior consultant, coordinator of services, and special education faculty member. Her contributions to the field include leadership positions with the Council for Children with Behavioral Disorders. Susan shared…

  7. Practitioner Profile: An Interview with Susan Bross, AFC®

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susan Bross

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available

    Susan Bross is a nationally accredited financial counselor who established her private practice in 1992. She currently lives in San Rafael, California. She brings a multi-faceted background and a combination of skills to her work. As a financial counselor, she works with individuals, couples, and entrepreneurs throughout the nation to help clients develop a practical and emotionally healthy relationship with money. When asked, she will tell you that she is passionate about her work because it mirrors her own hard-won path with money. Readers of the Journal will find Ms. Bross’s approach to financial therapy inspiring. She teaches simple tools for effortless and sustainable cash flow and money management. She also guides her clients to balanced attitudes and beliefs about money and success.

  8. [The Durkheim Test. Remarks on Susan Leigh Star's Boundary Objects].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gießmann, Sebastian

    2015-09-01

    The article reconstructs Susan Leigh Star's conceptual work on the notion of 'boundary objects'. It traces the emergence of the concept, beginning with her PhD thesis and its publication as Regions of the Mind in 1989. 'Boundary objects' attempt to represent the distributed, multifold nature of scientific work and its mediations between different 'social worlds'. Being addressed to several 'communities of practice', the term responded to questions from Distributed Artificial Intelligence in Computer Science, Workplace Studies and Computer Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW), and microhistorical approaches inside the growing Science and Technology Studies. Yet the interdisciplinary character and interpretive flexibility of Star’s invention has rarely been noticed as a conceptual tool for media theory. I therefore propose to reconsider Star's 'Durkheim test' for sociotechnical media practices.

  9. Susan J. Quaal: the global and local impact of a transformational leader.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finlay, L D

    1998-01-01

    To be a transformational leader in nursing, one must have forever changed the course of our practice. This article highlights the qualities of a great leader, Susan J. Quaal, PhD, APRN, CVS, CCRN. Described are examples of Susan's incredible clinical expertise and also the attributes that make her such a dynamic leader in all domains of the clinical nurse specialist role: Practitioner, educator/mentor, consultant, leader/administrator, and researcher. Interwoven in this article, you will also find the threads of humility and charity that make Susan such an extraordinary human being and a blessing to all the lives she touches.

  10. Modifying Endowment Spending Rules: Is it the Cure for Overspending?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaufman, Roger T.; Woglom, Geoffrey

    2005-01-01

    In this article we analyze the dynamics of endowment spending and real endowment values using rules that tie endowment spending to inflation. Numerical examples demonstrate that under a pure inflation rule, spending rates tend to drift away over time from the appropriate rate, leading to either rising or falling real endowment values. Under a…

  11. Endowment Investing: Time for a Sustainability Play?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pelletier, Stephen G.

    2010-01-01

    Managers of university endowment funds are paying closer attention to investing in "green" industries, commonly bundled under the umbrella "cleantech." Cleantech offers the possibility of buying in while prices are low "and" making a "green" investment play, but it also harbors the risks inherent in any emerging industry. Cleantech has varying…

  12. Managing Africa's natural resource endowments: new dispensations ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Managing a nation's extractive natural resource endowments can advance national development if done meaningfully. Unfortunately, across Africa, the apparent mismanagement of such resources, poor growth rates, social tensions, and civil strife in resource-rich countries have thrown up a great deal of literature on what is ...

  13. The Impact of Inflation on Endowment Assets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Birkeland, Kathryn; Carr, David L.; Lavin, Angeline M.

    2013-01-01

    Maintaining spending power in real terms (current) while preserving an endowment's value in real terms (future) is the crux of intergenerational equity. Tobin's (1974) model provides the conceptual basis on which simulations were developed to study the impact of various inflation (0%, TIPS, CPI, HECA, and HEPI) and new giving scenarios ($0, $4…

  14. The Role of "Non-economic" Endowments

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Laursen, Keld; Santangelo, Grazia D.

    2017-01-01

    Recent developments in the pattern of international knowledge sourcing have highlighted a new international division of labor in knowledge production which now is affecting emerging as well as advanced countries. The source of this division of labor has been identified as residing in the changing...... economic endowments of these countries. We extend this by suggesting that the new international allocation of knowledge-related activities is related strongly to a country’s “non-economic” endowments. Our arguments provide context to the papers in this special section.......Recent developments in the pattern of international knowledge sourcing have highlighted a new international division of labor in knowledge production which now is affecting emerging as well as advanced countries. The source of this division of labor has been identified as residing in the changing...

  15. Textual Rhetorics and Textual Carnivals: Susan Miller and the "Subjects" of Rhetoric and Composition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reynolds, Nedra

    1991-01-01

    Reviews two books by Susan Miller: "Rescuing the Subject: A Critical Introduction to Rhetoric and the Writer" (1989) and "Textual Carnivals: The Politics of Composition" (1991). Notes how she rereads dominant histories of rhetoric and writing instruction, argues for a theory of textuality, and illustrates how attention to…

  16. Don't Take Touch for Granted: An Interview with Susan Lederman.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verry, Rene

    1998-01-01

    Presents an interview with Susan Lederman that contains a fascinating and informative overview of the recent developments in neuropsychological research concerning the sense of touch. Discusses the physiological processes that support this sensory experience and reveals them to be much more flexible, intricate, and adaptive than previously…

  17. Re-Establishing Social Studies as a Core Subject: An Interview with Susan Griffin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Griffin, Susan

    2014-01-01

    NCSS Executive Director Susan Griffin was chair of the Task Force of Professional Organizations that worked with the Social Studies Assessment, Curriculum, and Instruction Collaborative (SSACI) of the Council of Chief State School Officers to initiate and guide the development of the "College, Career and Civic Life (C3) Framework for Social…

  18. Teaching Students About Stereotypes, Prejudice, and Discrimination: An Interview with Susan Fiske

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hackney, Amy

    2005-01-01

    Susan T. Fiske is professor of psychology, Princeton University (PhD, Harvard University; honorary doctorate, Universite Catholique de Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium). She wrote Social Cognition (with Taylor) on how people make sense of each other. Currently, she investigates emotional prejudices (pity, contempt, envy, and pride) at cultural,…

  19. Inside the Sex Ed Studio: An Interview with Susan N. Wilson

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taverner, William J.

    2007-01-01

    "Inside the Sex Ed Studio" profiles leaders in the field of sexuality education. Susan N. Wilson, former Executive Coordinator of the Network for Family Life Education, long-time advocate for sexuality education, and the driving force behind New Jersey's K-12 mandate for comprehensive sexuality education was the first such leader to be…

  20. As Endowment Managers Turn to Private Equity, Questions Arise

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fuller, Andrea; Blumenstyk, Goldie

    2012-01-01

    Endowment growth in 2011 came in no small part because universities have increasingly invested in private equity--the same private equity that has become a hot-button issue on the 2012 campaign trail, with some candidates and commentators calling into question its social value. Private equity is "of increasing significance" for endowments. It made…

  1. Modality Endowment in Foreign Language Learning. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pimsleur, Paul; And Others

    This project was designed to develop a test of modality (eye/ear) endowment and to determine the significance of this factor in foreign language instruction. Subjects were junior and senior high school students enrolled in French and Spanish classes. In phases 1 and 2 the Modality Endowment Battery of tests (MEB) was constructed and shown to have…

  2. Fundação de assistência integral à saúde/Hospital Sofia Feldman: uma experiência de administração flexível? Fundación de asistencia integral a la salud/hospital Sofia Feldman: una experiencia de administración flexible? Foundation of integral health care: an experience of flexible administration?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marília Alves

    1999-10-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho teve como objetivo traçar um paralelo entre a experiência administrativa do Hospital Sofia Feldman e a teoria de gerência flexível proposta por MOTTA (1991 e MÉDICI & SILVA (1993. Descreve, também, elementos inovadores de integração da instituição com a comunidade: mãe substituta, ombudsman e trabalho voluntário sistematizado da Associação Comunitária dos Amigos e Usuários do Hospital Sofia Feldman. A coleta de dados foi feita através de roteiro de entrevista semi-estruturada, aplicado a funcionários de diferentes setores, procurando conhecer a percepção dos mesmos sobre o modelo gerencial adotado. Os depoimentos apontaram características de administração flexível no hospital, porém, permeada de traços da gerência clássica.El presente trabajo tuvo como objetivo trazar un paralelo entre la experiencia administrativa del Hospital Sofia Feldman y la teoria de gerencia flexible propuesta por MOTTA (1991 y MEDICI& SILVA (1993. Describe, también, elementos innovadores de integraçión de la instituición com la comunidad: madre sustituta, ombdsman y trabajo voluntario sistematizado de la Associación Comunitaria de los Amigos y Usuarios del Hospital Sofia Feldman. La recolección de los dados fue realizada a través de una guía de entrevista semi-estructurada aplicada al modelo gerencial adoptado. Las informaciones coletadas puntualizan características de administración flexible en el hospital, pero, intercalada de trazos de gerencia clásica.The purpose of the present study was to verify the correspondence between the administrative experience of the Hospital "Sofia Feldman" and the theory on flexible management proposed by MOTTA (1991 and MÉDICI & SILVA (1993. It also described innovation elements for institutional integration with the community, such as the substitute mother, ombudsman and systematic voluntary work, done by Community Association of Friends and Users of Sofia Feldman Hospital

  3. Natural resources endowment and economic growth: The West African Experience

    OpenAIRE

    Mohamed Jalloh

    2013-01-01

    This study aims at investigating the nexus between natural resource endowment and economic growth using a sample of West African countries. The study adopted a Barrow-type growth model to analyse the impact of natural resource wealth on economic growth. A dynamic panel estimation technique was employed using relevant data from West African Countries. The results from the panel regressions indicate that natural resource endowments have very minimal impact in terms of promoting economic growth ...

  4. "A hint of it, with initials": adultery, textuality and publicity in Jane Austen's Lady Susan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russell, Gillian

    2010-01-01

    In spite of Jane Austen's professed “eye” for an adulteress, comparatively little attention has been paid to adultery and divorce as themes and contexts of her fiction. Her unpublished epistolary novel Lady Susan has a distinctive status in Austen's oeuvre, recognized as being exemplary of her “style” and yet atypical of her later achievement. A neglected context for the novel is the extensive reporting of adultery trials in contemporary print culture and the moral panic concerning adultery in the 1780s and 1790s, focusing initially on the adulteress as the brazen woman of fashion and later as a figure of sentimentalized abjection. A particularly notorious case, that involving Lady Henrietta Grosvenor and George III's brother, the Duke of Cumberland, is directly alluded to in Lady Susan. The textual strategies of adultery trial literature, particularly its emphasis on indirection through the use of detail or “hint”, had a long-term influence on the development of Austen's fiction and her positioning of herself as a professional writer after the 1790s.

  5. In the postmodern mirror: intertextuality in Angels and Insects by Antonia Susan Byatt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Buda Agata

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the paper is to analyse the novel Angels and Insects by Antonia Susan Byatt in terms of intertextual references. The author’s assumptions are based on the categorisation by Ryszard Nycz, who distinguishes three major types of intertexts: text versus text, text versus literary genre and text versus mimesis. Byatt uses intertextuality mainly to comment on the role of nature in the world, as well as to enhance the importance of human relationship with nature. Moreover, the writer moves towards literary criticism, discussing poems by famous artists, such as Alfred Tennyson or John Milton. In this way, the novel by Byatt is also an example of metafiction. All the narration techniques used by the English writer make the novel a typically postmodern work of art.

  6. Intermittent large amplitude internal waves observed in Port Susan, Puget Sound

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harris, J. C.; Decker, L.

    2017-07-01

    A previously unreported internal tidal bore, which evolves into solitary internal wave packets, was observed in Port Susan, Puget Sound, and the timing, speed, and amplitude of the waves were measured by CTD and visual observation. Acoustic Doppler current profiler (ADCP) measurements were attempted, but unsuccessful. The waves appear to be generated with the ebb flow along the tidal flats of the Stillaguamish River, and the speed and width of the resulting waves can be predicted from second-order KdV theory. Their eventual dissipation may contribute significantly to surface mixing locally, particularly in comparison with the local dissipation due to the tides. Visually the waves appear in fair weather as a strong foam front, which is less visible the farther they propagate.

  7. (REREADING INDEX CARDS: THE ARCHIVIST AS INTERPRETER IN SUSAN PUI SAN LOK'S 'NEWS'

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandra Camacho

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Looking at susan pui san lok's projects News (2005 and RoCH (2013, this paper contemplates the notions put forward by Michel-Rolph Trouillot and Jacques Derrida on the power of archivists, not solely as guardians of documents but also as their interpreters. Taking into consideration that photographic and moving image archives present unique difficulties in their cataloguing processes, I examine silences that might be generated by a thematic classification that is not impervious to archivists' biases. Moreover, I consider if the silences created by manual processes of classification and retrieval might be surpassed through digital technologies, or if it is possible that new technologies simply create different types of silencing.

  8. "I Am Not a Fairy Tale": Contextualizing Sioux Spirituality and Story Traditions in Susan Power's "The Grass Dancer"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diana, Vanessa Holford

    2009-01-01

    Standing Rock Sioux writer Susan Power's best-selling novel "The Grass Dancer" (1994) includes depictions of the supernatural and spiritual that do not conform to the Judeo-Christian or, in some cases, the atheist or rationalist worldviews of many readers. Power writes of ghost characters and haunted places, communication between the living and…

  9. 78 FR 75676 - Mark W. Dobronski and Susan K. Dobronski-Acquisition of Control Exemption-Adrian & Blissfield...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-12

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Surface Transportation Board Mark W. Dobronski and Susan K. Dobronski--Acquisition of Control Exemption... Company, Lapeer Industrial Railroad Company and Jackson & Lansing Railroad Company Mark W. Dobronski and...

  10. Entrepreneur Human Capital Endowments and Minority Business Viability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bates, Timothy

    1985-01-01

    This study analyzes the relationship between entrepreneur human capital endowments and minority enterprise profitability. In addition to fostering industrial diversity by creating and expanding firms in heavy construction, manufacturing, and skill-intensive services, the better-educated entrepreneur group is found to be utilizing effectively both…

  11. Aspects of Endowment: A Query Theory of Value Construction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Eric J.; Haubl, Gerald; Keinan, Anat

    2007-01-01

    How do people judge the monetary value of objects? One clue is provided by the typical endowment study (D. Kahneman, J. L. Knetsch, & R. H. Thaler, 1991), in which participants are randomly given either a good, such as a coffee mug, that they may later sell ("sellers") or a choice between the good and amounts of cash ("choosers"). Sellers…

  12. academic performance of less endowed high school students

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    User

    ABSTRACT. This paper investigates the academic performance of students from less endowed senior high schools in the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST). Question- naires were administered to 152 (123 males and 29 females) fourth year students who enrolled for various programmes at ...

  13. 75 FR 51116 - National Endowment for the Arts;

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-18

    ... ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES National Endowment for the Arts; Arts Advisory Panel Pursuant to Section 10(a... five meetings of the Arts Advisory Panel to the National Council on the Arts will be held at the Nancy... approximate): Arts Education (application review): September 14-15, 2010 in Room 714. A portion of this...

  14. Academic Performance of Less Endowed High School Students in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper investigates the academic performance of students from less endowed senior high schools in the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST). Questionnaires were administered to 152 (123 males and 29 females) fourth year students who enrolled for various programmes at KNUST in 2007 ...

  15. Interaction control of an UAV endowed with a manipulator

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Scholten, Jasper L.J; Fumagalli, Matteo; Stramigioli, Stefano; Carloni, Raffaella

    In this paper, we present the design, simulation and experimental validation of a control architecture for an unmanned aerial vehicle endowed with a manipulation system and interacting with a remote environment. The goal of this work is to show that the interaction control allows the ma- nipulator

  16. As Endowment Values Plummet, Some Institutions Consider Suing Brokers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masterson, Kathryn

    2008-01-01

    This article reports that as many as five colleges or charitable foundations whose endowments have suffered significant investment losses or were unable to access money in their accounts in recent months are considering legal action against their brokers or investment managers, alleging misrepresentation of risk or mismanagement. Jacob H.…

  17. The Influence of Emotions on the Endowment Effect

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Otacílio Torres Vilas Boas

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available According to prospect theory, individuals with loss aversion would tend to attribute a higher value to a good once their ownership over it had been established. Such tendency would cause reluctance to trade the good, even if an equivalent one were offered in exchange. Thaler (1980 named this phenomenon endowment effect. In this article, we present a review of the literature about the topic, which has been one of the most investigated themes in the relatively recent field of behavioral finance. Adopting Knetsch’s research model (1989, we conducted two experiments in order to investigate the phenomenon in a Brazilian sample, specifically testing the influence of emotions on its manifestation. The results replicate findings for the endowment effect, and suggest that negative emotions attenuate the observed effects. Positive emotions, however, did not have any detectable influence over the phenomenon.

  18. Classical elements in the endowments of Serbian XIII century donors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gligorijević-Maksimović Mirjana

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available In Byzantine painting, starting from the XIII and particularly during the XIV century, there was a visible return to models from the period of Antiquity. The influences of ancient, ostensibly, Hellenistic heritage were reflected in the shapes, in the content of the compositions, as well as in the drawing, modellation and colours. In the art that came into being in the course of the XIII century, in the endowments of the Serbian donors numerous elements emerged that had existed in ancient art. In the frescoes in the Church of the Mother of God in Studenica, the endowment of Stefan Nemanja and his sons, we see personifications, symbols, the introduction of details, and space acquiring depth, features that were later to come to full expression, especially from the middle of the XIII century. The few preserved frescoes dating from the XIII century in the Church of the Resurrection in the Žiča monastery, the endowment of Stefan the First Crowned, his son Radoslav and his brother Sava, are an iconographic continuation of the trends in the art one encounters in Studenica. The frescoes in the Church of Christ's Ascension in Mileševa, the endowment of King Vladislav, with their subtly fashioned figures and carefully modelled faces, as well as refined colouring, signal a return to the Hellenistic models. The painting in the Church of Dormition of the Virgin in the Morača monastery, the endowment of Prince Stefan, nephew of king Stefan, with its well-proportioned, firmly modelled figures, landscapes and architecture deepening the space, reminds one of the Sopoćani frescoes. In the fresco painting of the Holy Apostles in Peć, the endowment of Archbishop Sava which owed its outcome to the efforts of Archbishop Arsenije I, the images are very vivid, and the painted architecture is depicted in an abbreviated form, using different kinds of perspective. The painting in the Church of the Holy Trinity in Sopoćani, the endowment of king Uroš I, represents

  19. A tale of three blind men on the proper subject matter of clinical science and practice: commentary on Plaud's behaviorism vs. Ilardi and Feldman's cognitive neuroscience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forsyth, J P; Kelly, M M

    2001-09-01

    Plaud (J Clin Psychol 57, 1089-1102, 1109-1111, 1119-1120) and Ilardi and Feldman (J Clin Psychol 57, 1067-1088, 1103-1107, 1113-1117, 1121-1124) argue for two very different approaches to clinical science and practice (i.e., behavior analysis and cognitive neuroscience, respectively). We comment on the assets and liabilities of both perspectives as presented and attempt to achieve some semblance of balance between the three protagonists embroiled in this current debate. The vision of clinical science we articulate is more ecumenical and evolutionary, rather than paradigmatic and revolutionary. As we see it, the problem clinical psychology faces is much larger than the authors let on; namely, how best to make clinical science meaningful and relevant to practitioners, consumers, the general public, and the behavioral health-care community. Clinical psychology's immediate internal problem is not pluralism with regard to subject matter, worldview, methodology, or school of thought, but pluralism in clinical psychologists' adherence to a scientific epistemology as the only legitimate form of clinical psychology. On this latter point, we still have a very long way to go. Copyright 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

  20. 26 CFR 1.264-2 - Single premium life insurance, endowment, or annuity contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Single premium life insurance, endowment, or..., directly or indirectly, to purchase or to continue in effect a single premium life insurance or endowment... payee of such annuity contract. A contract is considered a single premium life insurance, endowment, or...

  1. The limits of endowment effects in great apes (Pan paniscus, Pan troglodytes, Gorilla gorilla, Pongo pygmaeus).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kanngiesser, Patricia; Santos, Laurie R; Hood, Bruce M; Call, Josep

    2011-11-01

    The endowment effect describes the bias that people often value things that they possess more than things they do not possess. Thus, they are often reluctant to trade items in their possession for items of equivalent value. Some nonhuman primates appear to share this bias with humans, but it remains an open question whether they show endowment effects to the same extent as humans do. We investigated endowment effects in all four great ape species (Pan paniscus, Pan troglodytes, Gorilla gorilla, Pongo pygmaeus) by varying whether apes were endowed with food items (Experiment 1, N = 22) or tools that were instrumental in retrieving food (Experiment 2, N = 23). We first assessed apes' preferences for items of a pair and their willingness to trade items in their possession. We then endowed apes with one item of a pair and offered them to trade for the other item. Apes showed endowment effects for food, but not for tools. In Experiment 3, we endowed bonobos (N = 4) and orangutans (N = 5) with either one or 12 food items. Endowment effects did not differ between species and were not influenced by the number of endowed food items. Our findings suggest that endowment effects in great apes are restricted to immediate food gratification and remain unaffected by the quantity of food rewards. However, endowment effects do not seem to extend to other, nonconsumable possessions even when they are instrumental in retrieving food. In general, apes do not show endowment effects across a range of different commodities as humans typically do.

  2. A Journey, the Pain of Others, and Historical Experience: Susan Silas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sendyka, Roma

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The author interprets Susan Silas' Helmbrechts walk (1998-2003, a unique series of forty-five photographs and supplementing visual and textual materials collected during the walk along the route of two hundred and twenty-five miles. The walk repeats the route which in 1945 had to undertake women prisoners from the concentration camp in Helmbrechts near Flossenbürg in their death march to Prachatice in Czech Republic. The pictures Silas takes, the people she meets, and finally the trees, the very materiality of the road become the factors of creating her own, individual memory of the event from the past. Silas selects an object from "the margins of the Holocaust" – a forgotten event that she re-presents by reacting to contemporary objects placed along the route of the event. Silas' work offers an opportunity to critically review the concept of memory landscapes (where is memory located in a landscape? and the phenomenon of dark tourism (is following in the footsteps of the prisoners a kind of pilgrimage, tourism, or therapy?. Silas problematises the question of memory, as well as examines different kinds of non-memory. Her camera is directed at locations that can be termed "the non-sites of memory."

  3. UNDERSTANDİNG SUSAN BORDO AND HER WORK; UNBEARABLE WEİGHT :FEMİNİSM, WESTERN CULTURE, BODY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ÇAĞLAR DEMİR

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Throughout history of thought, there have been many views about the women, their status in society, their struggle with patriarchy, and inequality  applied to them in all areas. There are different ways of oppression on women, such as confinement to home, inequality in wages between both sexes.  However, few scholars have written and declared their own views about how the patriarchal world and companies form women as they wish. Susan Bordo is one of  the most outstanding and distinguished feminist writers in the world who focuses on  how patriarchal capitalist understanding works on women’s body in terms of weight and weakness. According to Susan Bordo, male dominated capital world decides on women about what to wear and what to eat and women try to lose weight to be in the form men wish. State of  starving all the time leads to an illness called anorexia. The writer bases her views on the thoughts of literary critic and thinker, Foucault. The  objective of this article is to help the readers understand Susan Bordo’s views and analyse her impressive work; Unbearable Weight: Feminism, Western Culture and  the Body  and make her known in academic world.

  4. Bárbara Mujica, ed., Shakespeare and the Spanish «Comedia». Translation, Interpretation, Performance. Essays in Honor of Susan L. Fischer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro García-Reidy

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Reseña de Bárbara Mujica, ed., Shakespeare and the Spanish «Comedia». Translation, Interpretation, Performance. Essays in Honor of Susan L. Fischer, Bucknell University Press, Lewisburg, 2013, 298 pp. ISBN 9781611485172.

  5. Podróż, cudze cierpienie i doświadczenie historyczne: Susan Silas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sendyka, Roma

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Autorka interpretuje pracę Susan Silas Helmbrechts walk (1998-2003, szczególny cykl czterdziestu pięciu zdjęć i dołączonych do nich materiałów wizualnych oraz tekstowych zbudowany podczas przejścia trasy dwustu dwudziestu pięciu mil, które w 1945 roku musiały przebyć kobiety pędzone w marszu śmierci z Helmbrecht koło Flossenbürga do czeskich Prachatic. Wykonywane zdjęcia, napotykani ludzie, w końcu – drzewa, sama materialność drogi stają się czynnikami wytwarzania własnej, indywidualnej pamięci wydarzenia sprzed lat. Silas wybiera szczególny obiekt "z marginesów Zagłady" – zapomniane zdarzenie, które przedstawia obserwując współczesne obiekty położone wzdłuż trasy tego zdarzenia. Praca Silas pozwala przyjrzeć się krytycznie koncepcji memory landscapes (gdzie w krajobrazie umiejscawia się pamięć? i zjawisku dark tourism (czy podążanie śladami więźniarek to pielgrzymka, turystyka czy terapia?. Silas problematyzuje nie tylko kwestię pamięci, bada również rodzaje nie-pamiętania. Jej kamera zostaje zwrócona ku lokalizacjom, które można nazwać "nie-miejscami pamięci".

  6. Treasure Your Exceptions: An Interview with 2017 George Beadle Award Recipient Susan A. Gerbi.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gerbi, Susan A

    2017-12-01

    THE Genetics Society of America's (GSA) George W. Beadle Award honors individuals who have made outstanding contributions to the community of genetics researchers and who exemplify the qualities of its namesake. The 2017 recipient is Susan A. Gerbi, who has been a prominent leader and advocate for the scientific community. In the course of her research on DNA replication, Gerbi helped develop the method of Replication Initiation Point (RIP) mapping to map replication origins at the nucleotide level, improving resolution by two orders of magnitude. RIP mapping also provides the basis for the now popular use of λ-exonuclease to enrich nascent DNA to map replication origins genome-wide. Gerbi's second area of research on ribosomal RNA revealed a conserved core secondary structure, as well as conserved nucleotide elements (CNEs). Some CNEs are universally conserved, while other CNEs are conserved in all eukaryotes but not in archaea or bacteria, suggesting a eukaryotic function. Intriguingly, the majority of the eukaryotic-specific CNEs line the tunnel of the large ribosomal subunit through which the nascent polypeptide exits. Gerbi has promoted the fly Sciara coprophila as a model organism ever since she used its enormous polytene chromosomes to help develop the method of in situ hybridization during her Ph.D. research in Joe Gall's laboratory. The Gerbi laboratory maintains the Sciara International Stock Center and manages its future, actively spreading Sciara stocks to other laboratories. Gerbi has also served in many leadership roles, working on issues of science policy, women in science, scientific training, and career preparation. This is an abridged version of the interview. The full interview is available on the Genes to Genomes blog, at genestogenomes.org/gerbi. Copyright © 2017 by the Genetics Society of America.

  7. Activities of Endowment Funds for the Period of Destabilization of the Economy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alan Pavlovich Abaev

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Endowment fund is gaining its importance as a source of financing higher education institution, and, therefore, the research of endowments’ activities is an urgent task. The current state of the economy in Russia is most often characterized as recessionary. The article sets the task to assess the conditions of endowment funds in times of crisis, under existing sanctions, lower oil quotations and other factors, as well as to analyze the profitability of endowment funds in this period. The study showed that the slowdown in the economy was reflected in the activities of endowment funds. Yield investment strategies significantly decreased in comparison with previous periods. The evaluation of the impact of various economic and political factors on the activities of endowment funds reveals their weaknesses and justifies the need for new approaches in the work of endowment funds. According to the author, the main problem is the lack of opportunities to invest in high-yield financial instruments (investments in futures, options, etc.. Therefore, in the years of economic instability it is more difficult for management companies to balance the profitability of the investment portfolios of endowment funds. According to a study of thirty endowment funds, yield for 2014 was 4.68 %, which did not exceed inflation. The financial turmoil in the world is reflected in the activities of endowment funds. Thereby giving rise to the need for new approaches in the work of endowment funds would enable them to overcome the existing problems and be more resilient in the future.

  8. 34 CFR 628.45 - How much endowment fund income may a grantee use and for what purposes?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... as stockbroker commissions and fees to “load” mutual funds; (3) May not use endowment fund income for... 34 Education 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false How much endowment fund income may a grantee use and... endowment fund income may a grantee use and for what purposes? (a) During the endowment challenge grant...

  9. Multiscale Mathematics for Nano-Particle-Endowed Active Membranes and Films

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-08-03

    AFRL-AFOSR-VA-TR-2016-0284 Multiscale Mathematics for Nano - Particle -Endowed Active Membranes and Films Qi Wang SOUTH CAROLINA RESEARCH FOUNDATION...01-05-2012 to 30-04-2016 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Multiscale Mathematics for Nano - Particle -Endowed Active Membranes and Films 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b...Carolina Grant/Contract Title The full title of the funded effort. Multiscale Mathematics for Nano - Particle -Endowed Active Membranes and Films Grant

  10. Through the Lens of Maslow's Hierarchy: Understanding Endowment Accumulation at Private Colleges and Universities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flabiano, Heather Lynn

    2013-01-01

    Colleges and universities have been questioned regarding their use of endowments, with critics maintaining that these assets have significance beyond the financial benefits they provide and suggesting that institutions hoard endowment to attain unnecessary intangibles such as prestige. A few scholars have attempted to study the purposes of…

  11. Do Universities Generate Agglomeration Spillovers? Evidence from Endowment Value Shocks. NBER Working Paper No. 15299

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kantor, Shawn; Whalley, Alexander

    2009-01-01

    In this paper we quantify the extent and magnitude of agglomeration spillovers from a formal institution whose sole mission is the creation and dissemination of knowledge--the research university. We use the fact that universities follow a fixed endowment spending policy based on the market value of their endowments to identify the causal effect…

  12. 45 CFR 1159.13 - In what other situations will the Endowment disclose its records?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... (Continued) NATIONAL FOUNDATION ON THE ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE ARTS IMPLEMENTATION... to the Endowment formulated in accordance with the National Foundation on the Arts and the Humanities... performance of official duties of the General Accounting Office; (11) To a consumer reporting agency in...

  13. 76 FR 34273 - National Endowment for the Arts; National Council on the Arts 173rd Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-13

    ... ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES National Endowment for the Arts; National Council on the Arts 173rd Meeting... National Foundation on the Arts and the Humanities Act of 1965, as amended, including information given in... from the Office of Communications, National Endowment for the Arts, Washington, DC 20506, at 202/682...

  14. The Duke Endowment Child Abuse Prevention Initiative: Durham Family Initiative Implementation Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daro, Deborah; Huang, Lee Ann; English, Brianna

    2009-01-01

    The Durham Family Initiative (DFI) is one of two community-based child abuse prevention efforts that comprise The Duke Endowment's Child Abuse Prevention Initiative. Beginning in 2002, the Endowment provided support to the Durham Family Initiative (DFI) in North Carolina and Strong Communities in South Carolina to develop a comprehensive approach…

  15. 76 FR 62094 - National Endowment for the Arts; National Council on the Arts 174th Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-06

    ... ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES National Endowment for the Arts; National Council on the Arts 174th Meeting... hereby given that a meeting of the National Council on the Arts will be held on October 28, 2011 in Room..., please contact the Office of AccessAbility, National Endowment for the Arts, 1100 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW...

  16. Implications Status Alteration and Nāẓir Position on Wealth Endowments Producivity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fikfik Taufik

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Endowments are Aaliyah worship which has the noble social function to comply the various things that are relating the physical requirement and spiritual of society. To create the social function, there was appointed person or group of people, and on behalf of the individuals or legal entity optimally in charge of managing the endowments property. The endowment is an Islamic legal institution which was legality is based on the Qur’an and Hadith. In addition, regarding the lawmaking of endowments are also sourced from ijtihad, which focuses on mashed terms of shari'a, those are for creating the beneficence and strange on damage. Nāẓir alteration has to own the legality either form fiqh consideration (jurisprudence or legislation and also have to be considered how far the conformity of alteration practice with fiqh (jurisprudence and legislation, The alteration Nāẓir endowments as one of the efforts to optimize the wealth endowments management it's needed to be examined further. On this observation, it is used a qualitative approach with the research resources (research library, and in-depth interviews. The normative data which constituting a fact on the ground that has been collected then analyzed and also compared. This observation results explained that the alteration of Nāẓir endowments also has the legality, either fiqh (jurisprudence or the legislation. The implementation of its changes is also implicated on optimizing the endowments property management, both in terms of results, or in terms of management.

  17. 36 CFR 1281.14 - What type of endowment is required for a Presidential library?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... required for a Presidential library? 1281.14 Section 1281.14 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS ADMINISTRATION NARA FACILITIES PRESIDENTIAL LIBRARY FACILITIES § 1281.14 What type of endowment is required for a Presidential library? (a) Endowment requirement—new libraries. The foundation or...

  18. Susan Magoffin’s Santa Fe Days in 1846: The Value of Testimony Les journées de Santa Fé en 1846 de Susan Magoffin : la valeur du témoignage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susanne Berthier-Foglar

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Susan Magoffin, la jeune épouse d’un commerçant de la piste de Santa Fe, accompagna son mari en 1846 pour un voyage où la caravane suivait de près l’Armée de l’Ouest et pendant lequel elle tint un journal. Cet article traite des 37 jours que dura la pause de la caravane à Santa Fe et aborde plus spécifiquement la façon dont l’auteur appréhendait l’altérité dans un environnement inhabituel et parfois dangereux. Pour apprécier la valeur du témoignage, je combine une analyse du discours avec une évaluation statistique du contenu. La description, parfois naïve, de Santa Fe sous l’occupation américaine illustre les raisons de la guerre contre le Mexique. En tant qu’agent de la destinée manifeste, Susan Magoffin admirait le général Kearny en lui attribuant des qualités surhumaines et en participant à ses efforts de propagande. Alors qu’elle était enracinée dans sa classe et sa culture, elle voyait la population mexicaine et les Amérindiens avec un esprit ouvert bien que ses motifs pour apprendre l’espagnol, ainsi que le métier de commerçante, avaient une fonction plus prosaïque.

  19. 27 CFR 70.164 - Surrender of property subject to levy in the case of life insurance and endowment contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... subject to levy in the case of life insurance and endowment contracts. 70.164 Section 70.164 Alcohol... the case of life insurance and endowment contracts. (a) In general. This section provides special rules relating to the surrender of property subject to levy in the case of life insurance and endowment...

  20. Influence of the endowment effect on the valuation of goods. An experimental verification.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Magdalena Gawrońska

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The article refers to the issue of the endowment effect, which acts as a mechanism that influences valuation. The paper’s main aim is to verify the endowment effect phenomenon for branded, fast-moving consumer goods. The subject of this paper also includes examining whether short-term possession, generates the endowment effect. It also studies how the possibility of using a product influences the power of the examined phenomenon. In order to verify the proposed hypothesis, an economic experiment was used. Its results were analyzed with the use of descriptive statistics and econometric methods. The study demonstrated that the endowment effect determines the perception of goods and influences their valuation.

  1. Current Situation and Demand of Rural Endowment Security in Shaanxi Province

    OpenAIRE

    Liu, Chunmei; Li, Lutang

    2013-01-01

    With intensification of population aging and rise in elderly dependency ratio, the demand for endowment security becomes higher and higher, particularly in rural areas. Taking Shaanxi Province as an example, the authors selected people older than 65 in 18 natural villages in north Shaanxi, south Shaanxi and Guanzhong. With the aid of survey data and related official statistical data, they made an evaluation of current situation of the rural endowment security in Shaanxi Province. Results indi...

  2. Advancing Women's Health and Women's Leadership With Endowed Chairs in Women's Health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carnes, Molly; Johnson, Paula; Klein, Wendy; Jenkins, Marjorie; Bairey Merz, C Noel

    2017-02-01

    Gender-based bias and conflation of gender and status are root causes of disparities in women's health care and the slow advancement of women to leadership in academic medicine. More than a quarter of women physicians train in internal medicine and its subspecialties, and women physicians almost exclusively constitute the women's health focus within internal medicine. Thus, internal medicine has considerable opportunity to develop women leaders in academic medicine and promote women's health equity.To probe whether holding an endowed chair-which confers status-in women's health may be an effective way to advance women leaders in academic medicine and women's health, the authors explored the current status of endowed chairs in women's health in internal medicine. They found that the number of these endowed chairs in North America increased from 7 in 2013 to 19 in 2015, and all were held by women. The perceptions of incumbents and other women's health leaders supported the premise that an endowed chair in women's health would increase women's leadership, the institutional stature of women's health, and activities in women's health research, education, and clinical care.Going forward, it will be important to explore why not all recipients perceived that the endowed chair enhanced their own academic leadership, whether providing women's health leaders with fundraising expertise fosters future success in increasing the number of women's health endowed chairs, and how the conflation of gender and status play out (e.g., salary differences between endowed chairs) as the number of endowed chairs in women's health increases.

  3. ‘Speaking Kleinian’: Susan Isaacs as Ursula Wise and the Inter-War Popularisation of Psychoanalysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shapira, Michal

    2017-01-01

    How did the complex concepts of psychoanalysis become popular in early twentieth-century Britain? This article examines the contribution of educator and psychoanalyst Susan Isaacs (1885–1948) to this process, as well as her role as a female expert in the intellectual and medical history of this period. Isaacs was one of the most influential British psychologists of the inter-war era, yet historical research on her work is still limited. The article focuses on her writing as ‘Ursula Wise’, answering the questions of parents and nursery nurses in the popular journal Nursery World, from 1929 to 1936. Researched in depth for the first time, Isaacs’ important magazine columns reveal that her writing was instrumental in disseminating the work of psychoanalyst Melanie Klein in Britain. Moreover, Isaacs’ powerful rebuttals to behaviourist, disciplinarian parenting methods helped shift the focus of caregivers to the child’s perspective, encouraging them to acknowledge children as independent subjects and future democratic citizens. Like other early psychoanalysts, Isaacs was not an elitist; she was in fact committed to disseminating her ideas as broadly as possible. Isaacs taught British parents and child caregivers to ‘speak Kleinian’, translating Klein’s intellectual ideas into ordinary language and thus enabling their swift integration into popular discourse. PMID:28901872

  4. Diasporic Reconciliations of Politics, Love and Trauma: Susan Abulhawa’s Quest for Identity in Mornings in Jenin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ayman M Abu-Shomar

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Negotiating human conditions is an emblematic critical impetus of diaspora informed by multiple cultural possibilities practiced through the creation of multiple spaces that cross the realm of the ‘self’ to that of the ‘other’. It offers a locale to cross from the oppressed ‘self’ to an understanding of an oppressor ‘other’. Yet, diasporic negotiation is politically involved in the most responsible manner; it engages the contextual social realities in order to enable creative possibilities for overcoming the logic of the politics altogether. It invites a kind of political involvement that assures the ‘situatedness of the ethical’ in a framework of moral humanistic realisations. The realisation of diasporic negotiations is dialogically engaged in manners that will give birth to new possibilities for human togetherness. In this essay, I trace the signs of diasporic negotiations of politics, love and trauma in Susan Abulhawa’s Mornings in Jenin by focusing on the Diasporic identity of Amal (the central character. I consider the intersections between diaspora, dislocation of identity and the creation of negotiating spaces that qualify an 'epistemology of Diaspora' against essentialised and ethnocentric construction of realities. I argue that Abulhawa creates diasporic spaces and immense moral scenes to transcend a particular stance of politics via transcending love in opposition to suffering and tribulation. I contend that Abulhawa’s conceptualisation of Diasporic negotiations enables her to depict and gauge two extreme human sentiments: love and trauma, yet, without yielding or compromising the right of just resistance and dissent. Keywords: Diaspora, humanism, Trauma, identity, negotiating difference, and 'Otherness'

  5. Vozvrashtshenije "Ekzorsista" / Susan Howard

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Howard, Susan

    2001-01-01

    William Friedkini 1973.a. valminud õudusfilm "Exorcist", selle järjed ja selle hiljuti restaureeritud ja taas ekraanile paisatud versioon ning nende mõju näitlejanna Linda Blair'i elukäigule, kes filmis mängis saatanast vaevatud teistmelist

  6. Postnatal food restriction in the rat as a model for a low nephron endowment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schreuder, Michiel F.; Nyengaard, Jens Randel; Remmers, Floor

    2006-01-01

    A low nephron endowment may be associated with hypertension. Nephrogenesis is the process that leads to the formation of nephrons until week 36 of gestation in humans and may be inhibited by many factors like intrauterine growth restriction and premature birth. To study the consequences of a low...

  7. 76 FR 13672 - National Endowment for the Arts; Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-14

    ... ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES National Endowment for the Arts; Agency Information Collection Activities... on areas where communication, training or changes in operations might improve delivery of products or services. These collections will allow for ongoing, collaborative and actionable communications between the...

  8. A Decentralized Current-Sharing Controller Endows Fast Transient Response to Parallel DC-DC Converters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wang, Haojie; Han, Minxiao; Han, Renke

    2017-01-01

    This paper proposes a decentralized current-sharing control strategy to endow fast transient response to paralleled DC-DC converters systems, such as DC microgrids or distributed power systems. The proposed controller consist of two main control loops: an external voltage droop control for curren...

  9. Results of a massive experiment on virtual currency endowments and money demand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Živić, Nenad; Andjelković, Igor; Özden, Tolga; Dekić, Milovan; Castronova, Edward

    2017-01-01

    We use a 575,000-subject, 28-day experiment to investigate monetary policy in a virtual setting. The experiment tests the effect of virtual currency endowments on player retention and virtual currency demand. An increase in endowments of a virtual currency should lower the demand for the currency in the short run. However, in the long run, we would expect money demand to rise in response to inflation in the virtual world. We test for this behavior in a virtual field experiment in the football management game Top11. 575,000 players were selected at random and allocated to different "shards" or versions of the world. The shards differed only in terms of the initial money endowment offered to new players. Money demand was observed for 28 days as players used real money to purchase additional virtual currency. The results indicate that player money purchases were significantly higher in the shards where higher endowments were given. This suggests that a positive change in the money supply in a virtual context leads to inflation and increased money demand, and does so much more quickly than in real-world economies. Differences between virtual and real currency behavior will become more interesting as virtual currency becomes a bigger part of the real economy.

  10. 26 CFR 1.264-4 - Other life insurance, endowment, or annuity contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Other life insurance, endowment, or annuity... (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Items Not Deductible § 1.264-4 Other life insurance... taxable year on indebtedness incurred or continued to purchase or continue in effect a life insurance...

  11. 75 FR 19664 - National Endowment for the Arts; Arts Advisory Panel

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-15

    ...] [FR Doc No: 2010-8613] NATIONAL FOUNDATION ON THE ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES National Endowment for the Arts; Arts Advisory Panel Pursuant to Section 10(a)(2) of the Federal Advisory Committee Act (Pub. L. 92-463), as amended, notice is hereby given that four meetings of the Arts Advisory Panel to the...

  12. 75 FR 77674 - National Endowment for the Arts; Arts Advisory Panel

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-13

    ... ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES National Endowment for the Arts; Arts Advisory Panel Pursuant to Section 10(a... nine meetings of the Arts Advisory Panel to the National Council on the Arts will be held at the Nancy... approximate): State and Regional/Arts Education (review of State Arts Agency Partnership Agreements): January...

  13. 75 FR 44815 - National Endowment for the Arts; Arts Advisory Panel

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-29

    ... ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES National Endowment for the Arts; Arts Advisory Panel Pursuant to Section 10(a... one meeting of the Arts Advisory Panel to the National Council on the Arts will be held at the Nancy..., discussion, evaluation, and recommendations on financial assistance under the National Foundation on the Arts...

  14. 75 FR 69474 - National Endowment for the Arts; Arts Advisory Panel

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-12

    ... ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES National Endowment for the Arts; Arts Advisory Panel Pursuant to Section 10(a... eleven meetings of the Arts Advisory Panel to the National Council on the Arts will be held at the Nancy... approximate): Visual Arts (application review): November 30-December 2, 2010 in Room 716. This meeting, from 9...

  15. 76 FR 20719 - National Endowment for the Arts; Arts Advisory Panel

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-13

    ... ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES National Endowment for the Arts; Arts Advisory Panel Pursuant to Section 10(a... nine meetings of the Arts Advisory Panel to the National Council on the Arts will be held at the Nancy... recommendations on financial assistance under the National Foundation on the Arts and the Humanities Act of 1965...

  16. 76 FR 70510 - National Endowment for the Arts; Arts Advisory Panel

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-14

    ... ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES National Endowment for the Arts; Arts Advisory Panel Pursuant to Section 10(a... ten meetings of the Arts Advisory Panel to the National Council on the Arts will be held at the Nancy... approximate): Arts Education (application review): November 29-December 2, 2011 in Room 714. This meeting...

  17. 76 FR 13240 - National Endowment for the Arts; National Council on the Arts 172nd Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-10

    ... ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES National Endowment for the Arts; National Council on the Arts 172nd Meeting... hereby given that a meeting of the National Council on the Arts will be held on March 24-25 2011 in Rooms... meeting will begin with opening remarks by the Chairman, followed by presentations on Arts Education...

  18. 75 FR 26284 - National Endowment for the Arts; Arts Advisory Panel

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-11

    ... ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES National Endowment for the Arts; Arts Advisory Panel Pursuant to Section 10(a... nine meetings of the Arts Advisory Panel to the National Council on the Arts will be held at the Nancy...:30 p.m. EDT, will be closed. Folk and Traditional Arts (application review): June 3-4, 2010 in Room...

  19. 76 FR 16842 - National Endowment for the Arts; Arts Advisory Panel

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-25

    ... ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES National Endowment for the Arts; Arts Advisory Panel Pursuant to Section 10(a... one meeting of the Arts Advisory Panel to the National Council on the Arts will be held at the Nancy...): Arts Education (application review): April 14, 2011, by teleconference. This meeting, from 1 p.m. to 1...

  20. 76 FR 78316 - National Endowment for the Arts; Arts Advisory Panel

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-16

    ... ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES National Endowment for the Arts; Arts Advisory Panel Pursuant to Section 10(a... eleven meetings of the Arts Advisory Panel to the National Council on the Arts will be held at the Nancy... approximate): Media Arts (application review): January 10-12, 2012 in Room 627. This meeting, from 9 a.m. to 6...

  1. 75 FR 11940 - National Endowment for the Arts; Arts Advisory Panel

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-12

    ... ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES National Endowment for the Arts; Arts Advisory Panel Pursuant to section 10(a... meeting of the Arts Advisory Committee will be held by teleconference from 1 p.m. to 1:20 p.m. (ending..., discussion, evaluation, and recommendations on financial assistance under the National Foundation on the Arts...

  2. 76 FR 28244 - National Endowment for the Arts; Arts Advisory Panel

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-16

    ... ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES National Endowment for the Arts; Arts Advisory Panel Pursuant to Section 10(a... one meeting of the Arts Advisory Panel to the National Council on the Arts will be held at the Nancy..., evaluation, and recommendations on financial assistance under the National Foundation on the Arts and the...

  3. 75 FR 35845 - National Endowment for the Arts; Arts Advisory Panel

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-23

    ... ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES National Endowment for the Arts; Arts Advisory Panel Pursuant to Section 10(a... three meetings of the Arts Advisory Panel to the National Council on the Arts will be held at the Nancy... National Foundation on the Arts and the Humanities Act of 1965, as amended, including information given in...

  4. 76 FR 35049 - National Endowment for the Arts; Arts Advisory Panel

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-15

    ... ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES National Endowment for the Arts; Arts Advisory Panel Pursuant to Section 10(a... eleven meetings of the Arts Advisory Panel to the National Council on the Arts will be held at the Nancy... approximate). All meetings will be closed. Visual Arts (application review): July 6-8, 2011 in Room 716--from...

  5. 76 FR 41308 - National Endowment for the Arts; Arts Advisory Panel

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-13

    ... ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES National Endowment for the Arts; Arts Advisory Panel Pursuant to Section 10(a... two meetings of the Arts Advisory Panel to the National Council on the Arts will be held at the Nancy... financial assistance under the National Foundation on the Arts and the Humanities Act of 1965, as amended...

  6. 76 FR 59447 - National Endowment for the Arts; Arts Advisory Panel

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-26

    ... ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES National Endowment for the Arts; Arts Advisory Panel Pursuant to Section 10(a... two meetings of the Arts Advisory Panel to the National Council on the Arts will be held at the Nancy...): Arts Education (application review): October 24-26, 2011 in Room 627. This meeting, from 9 a.m. to 6 p...

  7. 75 FR 2163 - National Endowment for the Arts; Arts Advisory Panel

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-14

    ... ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES National Endowment for the Arts; Arts Advisory Panel Pursuant to Section 10(a... eight meetings of the Arts Advisory Panel to the National Council on the Arts will be held at the Nancy... the National Foundation on the Arts and the Humanities Act of 1965, as amended, including information...

  8. 75 FR 41902 - National Endowment for the Arts; Arts Advisory Panel

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-19

    ... ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES National Endowment for the Arts; Arts Advisory Panel Pursuant to Section 10(a... three meetings of the Arts Advisory Panel to the National Council on the Arts will be held at the Nancy... assistance under the National Foundation on the Arts and the Humanities Act of 1965, as amended, including...

  9. 75 FR 63516 - National Endowment for the Arts; Arts Advisory Panel

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-15

    ... ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES National Endowment for the Arts; Arts Advisory Panel Pursuant to Section 10(a... twelve meetings of the Arts Advisory Panel to the National Council on the Arts will be held at the Nancy.... each day, will be closed. Arts Education (application review): November 1-5, 2010 in Room 716. A...

  10. 76 FR 28101 - National Endowment for the Arts; Arts Advisory Panel

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-13

    ... ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES National Endowment for the Arts; Arts Advisory Panel Pursuant to Section 10(a... eleven meetings of the Arts Advisory Panel to the National Council on the Arts will be held at the Nancy... approximate): Folk and Traditional Arts (application review): June 1-2, 2011 in Room 716. This meeting, from 9...

  11. 76 FR 81542 - National Endowment for the Arts; Arts Advisory Panel

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-28

    ... ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES National Endowment for the Arts; Arts Advisory Panel Pursuant to Section 10(a... meeting of the Arts Advisory Panel to the National Council on the Arts will be held at the Nancy Hanks...): Media Arts (application review): January 24-26, 2012 in Room 716. A portion of this meeting, from 3 p.m...

  12. 75 FR 32817 - National Endowment for the Arts; Arts Advisory Panel

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-09

    ... ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES National Endowment for the Arts; Arts Advisory Panel Pursuant to Section 10(a... eight meetings of the Arts Advisory Panel to the National Council on the Arts will be held at the Nancy... a.m. to 3:30 p.m. on July 16th, will be closed. Visual Arts (application review): July 13-16, 2010...

  13. 38 CFR 6.15 - Cash value; special endowment at age 96 plan policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... age 96 plan policy. Provisions for cash value shall become effective at the completion of the first policy year; all values and net single premiums are as prescribed by the Secretary and published in VA... endowment at age 96 plan policy. 6.15 Section 6.15 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF...

  14. Fixed Point Theorems on Spaces Endowed with Vector-Valued Metrics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Filip Alexandru-Darius

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this work is to present some (local and global fixed point results for singlevalued and multivalued generalized contractions on spaces endowed with vector-valued metrics. The results are extensions of some theorems given by Perov (1964, Bucur et al. (2009, M. Berinde and V. Berinde (2007, O'Regan et al. (2007, and so forth.

  15. Efficient development of offshore windfarms (ENDOW): Final report to the European Commission

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Barthelmie, R.J.; Larsen, Gunner Chr.; Pryor, S.

    2003-01-01

    The objective of the ENDOW project was to evaluate, enhance and interface wake and boundary-layer models for utilisation offshore. The project resulted in a significant advance in the state of the art in both wake and marine boundary layer models leadingto improved prediction of wind speed and tu...

  16. What Do University Endowment Managers Worry About? An Analysis of Alternative Asset Investments and Background Income

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosen, Harvey S.; Sappington, Alexander J. W.

    2016-01-01

    This paper examines whether university endowment managers think only in terms of the assets they manage or also take into account background income, that is, the other flows of income to the university. Specifically, we test whether the level and variability of a university's background income (e.g., from tuition and government grants) affect its…

  17. 45 CFR 1159.14 - Will the Endowment maintain a written account of disclosures made from its systems of records?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL FOUNDATION ON THE ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE ARTS IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PRIVACY ACT OF 1974 § 1159.14 Will the Endowment maintain a written account... or to another agency. Such accounting shall also contain the name and address of the person or agency...

  18. 26 CFR 1.61-10 - Alimony and separate maintenance payments; annuities; income from life insurance and endowment...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...; annuities; income from life insurance and endowment contracts. 1.61-10 Section 1.61-10 Internal Revenue... separate maintenance payments; annuities; income from life insurance and endowment contracts. (a) In general. Alimony and separate maintenance payments, annuities, and income from life insurance and...

  19. Dennis C. Roberts & Susan R. Komives (Eds. (2016. Enhancing Student Learning and Development in Cross-Border Higher Education. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Munita Dunn-Coetzee

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Enhancing Student Learning and Development in Cross-Border Higher Education, edited by Dennis C. Roberts and Susan R. Komives, is a book that resulted from a short-term study-abroad experience between the Universities of Maryland and San Diego with the Qatar Foundation’s Education City in Doha in 2010. This partnership challenged the way in which higher education internalisation was viewed – in such a way that the visit was replicated in 2012 and this book was authored.

  20. 75 FR 32818 - National Endowment for the Arts; National Council on the Arts 170th Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-09

    ... ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES National Endowment for the Arts; National Council on the Arts 170th Meeting... hereby given that a meeting of the National Council on the Arts will be held on June 24-25, 2009 in Rooms... of this meeting, from 12:30 p.m.-2 p.m. on June 24th, will be closed for National Medal of Arts...

  1. 26 CFR 301.6332-2 - Surrender of property subject to levy in the case of life insurance and endowment contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... case of life insurance and endowment contracts. 301.6332-2 Section 301.6332-2 Internal Revenue INTERNAL... the case of life insurance and endowment contracts. (a) In general. This section provides special rules relating to the surrender of property subject to levy in the case of life insurance and endowment...

  2. Adult pneumacoccal vaccination guideline | Feldman | South African ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Polysaccharide antigens induce type-specific antibodies that enhance opsonisation, phagocytosis and killing of pneumococci by phagocytic cells. Factors influencing the efficacy of the vaccine include the age of the individual, the state of their immune response, the presence / absence of underlying medical disorders, and ...

  3. Eesti venekeelse elanikkonna uued trumbid / Gregory Feldman

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Feldman, Gregory

    2003-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Severnoje Poberezhje 30. sept. lk. 2. Kanada British Columbia ülikooli õppejõud ennustab Euroopa Liidu laienemise järel venekeelse oskustööjõu väljavoolu Eestist, käsitledes seda Eesti majanduse ja ühiskonna heaolu seisukohalt negatiivse mõjurina

  4. Eesti venekeelse elanikkonna uued trumbid / Gregory Feldman

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Feldman, Gregory

    2003-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Obozrenije i obsuzhdenija na temõ multikulturnosti, integratsii i izutshenija jazõkov v Estonii. - Tallinn, lk. 39-40. Kanada British Columbia ülikooli õppejõud ennustab Euroopa Liidu laienemise järel venekeelse oskustööjõu väljavoolu Eestist, käsitledes seda Eesti majanduse ja ühiskonna heaolu seisukohalt negatiivse mõjurina

  5. Adult influenza vaccination guideline | Feldman | South African ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Objective. To outline a rational cost-effective protocol for influenza vaccination of adults in South Africa. Vaccine description. An inactivated (killed) virus vaccine containing three virus strains representing those most likely to circulate in the southern hemisphere during the upcoming winter. Vaccine success depends on the ...

  6. 45 CFR 1159.10 - How can I pursue amendments to or corrections of an Endowment record?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... (Continued) NATIONAL FOUNDATION ON THE ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE ARTS IMPLEMENTATION... writing of the amendment, correction, or deletion. In addition, if accounting was made of prior...

  7. 45 CFR 1150.6 - What opportunity do I have to obtain a review of my debt within the Endowment?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL FOUNDATION ON THE ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE ARTS... written decision, based upon either the written record or documentary evidence and information developed...

  8. Advancing Women’s Health and Women’s Leadership With Endowed Chairs in Women’s Health

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carnes, Molly; Johnson, Paula; Klein, Wendy; Jenkins, Marjorie; Merz, C. Noel Bairey

    2017-01-01

    Gender-based bias and conflation of gender and status are root causes of disparities in women’s health care and the slow advancement of women to leadership in academic medicine. More than a quarter of women physicians train in internal medicine (IM) and its subspecialties, and women physicians almost exclusively constitute the women’s health focus within IM. Thus, IM has considerable opportunity to develop women leaders in academic medicine and promote women’s health equity. To probe whether holding an endowed chair—which confers status—in women’s health may be an effective way to advance both women leaders in academic medicine and women’s health, the authors explored the current status of endowed chairs in women’s health in IM. They found that the number of these endowed chairs in North America increased from 7 in 2013 to 19 in 2015, and all were held by women. The perceptions of incumbents and other women’s health leaders supported the premise that an endowed chair in women’s health would increase women’s leadership, the institutional stature of women’s health, and activities in women’s health research, education, and clinical care. Going forward, it will be important to explore why not all recipients perceived that the endowed chair enhanced their own academic leadership, whether providing women’s health leaders with fundraising expertise fosters future success in increasing the number of women’s health endowed chairs, and how the conflation of gender and status play out (e.g., salary differences between endowed chairs) as the number of endowed chairs in women’s health increases. PMID:27759706

  9. Exploring the effects of working for endowments on behaviour in standard economic games.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Freya Harrison

    Full Text Available In recent years, significant advances have been made in understanding the adaptive (ultimate and mechanistic (proximate explanations for the evolution and maintenance of cooperation. Studies of cooperative behaviour in humans invariably use economic games. These games have provided important insights into the mechanisms that maintain economic and social cooperation in our species. However, they usually rely on the division of monetary tokens which are given to participants by the investigator. The extent to which behaviour in such games may reflect behaviour in the real world of biological markets--where money must be earned and behavioural strategies incur real costs and benefits--is unclear. To provide new data on the potential scale of this problem, we investigated whether people behaved differently in two standard economic games (public goods game and dictator game when they had to earn their monetary endowments through the completion of dull or physically demanding tasks, as compared with simply being given the endowment. The requirement for endowments to be 'earned' through labour did not affect behaviour in the dictator game. However, the requirement to complete a dull task reduced cooperation in the public goods game among the subset of participants who were not familiar with game theory. There has been some effort to test whether the conclusions drawn from standard, token-based cooperation games adequately reflect cooperative behaviour 'in the wild.' However, given the almost total reliance on such games to study cooperation, more exploration of this issue would be welcome. Our data are not unduly worrying, but they do suggest that further exploration is needed if we are to make general inferences about human behaviour from the results of structured economic games.

  10. A Crucial Nexus: Literacy, Endowment and Public Consultation in Energy Decision Making

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bright, Steven

    2010-09-15

    Private and public organizations around the world are grappling with several challenging energy issues. In Canada, a recent poll showed that, despite the country's status as an energy exporter, citizens have mixed views on their energy literacy and influence over energy-related decision making. The energy endowment of Canada's varied regions partially explains these findings, but the overall picture is more complex. This research speaks to broader themes in the global energy dialogue such as the contributions of literacy to energy development, the role of public consultation in energy decision making and the value of money in motivating energy-efficiency behaviour.

  11. Social Science Methods for Twins Data: Integrating Causality, Endowments and Heritability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kohler, Hans-Peter; Behrman, Jere R.; Schnittker, Jason

    2011-01-01

    Twins have been extensively used in economics, sociology and behavioral genetics to investigate the role of genetic endowments on a broad range of social, demographic and economic outcomes. However, the focus in these literatures has been distinct: the economic literature has been primarily concerned with the need to control for unobserved endowments—including as an important subset, genetic endowments—in analyses that attempt to establish the impact of one variable, often schooling, on a variety of economic, demographic and health outcomes. Behavioral genetic analyses have mostly been concerned with decomposing the variation in the outcomes of interest into genetic, shared environmental and non-shared environmental components, with recent multivariate analyses investigating the contributions of genes and the environment to the correlation and causation between variables. Despite the fact that twins studies and the recognition of the role of endowments are central to both of these literatures, they have mostly evolved independently. In this paper we develop formally the relationship between the economic and behavioral genetic approaches to the analyses of twins, and we develop an integrative approach that combines the identification of causal effects, which dominates the economic literature, with the decomposition of variances and covariances into genetic and environmental factors that is the primary goal of behavioral genetic approaches. We apply this integrative ACE-β approach to an illustrative investigation of the impact of schooling on several demographic outcomes such as fertility and nuptiality and health. PMID:21845929

  12. Real and hypothetical endowment effects when exchanging lottery tickets: Is regret a better explanation than loss aversion?☆

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kogler, Christoph; Kühberger, Anton; Gilhofer, Rainer

    2013-01-01

    The endowment effect is the finding that possession of an item adds to its value. We introduce a new procedure for testing this effect: participants are divided into two groups. Possession group participants inspect a numbered lottery ticket and know it is theirs, while inspection group participants only inspect a lottery ticket without being endowed with it. Subsequently participants choose between playing the lottery with this (possessed or inspected) ticket, or exchanging it for another one. Our procedure tests for the effect of endowment while controlling for the influence of transaction costs as well as for inspection effects and the influence of bargaining roles (buyer vs. seller), which often afflict experimentation with the endowment effect. In a real setting, tickets in possession were valued significantly higher than inspected tickets. Contrary to some findings in the literature participants also correctly predicted these valuation differences in a hypothetical situation, both for themselves as well as for others. Furthermore, our results suggest that regret rather than loss aversion may be the source of the endowment effect in an experimental setting using lottery tickets. Applying our procedure to a setting employing riskless objects in form of mugs revealed rather ambiguous results, thus emphasizing that the role of regret might be less prominent in non-lottery settings. PMID:23913998

  13. Real and hypothetical endowment effects when exchanging lottery tickets: Is regret a better explanation than loss aversion?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kogler, Christoph; Kühberger, Anton; Gilhofer, Rainer

    2013-08-01

    The endowment effect is the finding that possession of an item adds to its value. We introduce a new procedure for testing this effect: participants are divided into two groups. Possession group participants inspect a numbered lottery ticket and know it is theirs, while inspection group participants only inspect a lottery ticket without being endowed with it. Subsequently participants choose between playing the lottery with this (possessed or inspected) ticket, or exchanging it for another one. Our procedure tests for the effect of endowment while controlling for the influence of transaction costs as well as for inspection effects and the influence of bargaining roles (buyer vs. seller), which often afflict experimentation with the endowment effect. In a real setting, tickets in possession were valued significantly higher than inspected tickets. Contrary to some findings in the literature participants also correctly predicted these valuation differences in a hypothetical situation, both for themselves as well as for others. Furthermore, our results suggest that regret rather than loss aversion may be the source of the endowment effect in an experimental setting using lottery tickets. Applying our procedure to a setting employing riskless objects in form of mugs revealed rather ambiguous results, thus emphasizing that the role of regret might be less prominent in non-lottery settings.

  14. Final report for the endowment of simulator agents with human-like episodic memory LDRD.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Speed, Ann Elizabeth; Lippitt, Carl Edward; Thomas, Edward Victor; Xavier, Patrick Gordon; Forsythe, Christi A.; Schaller, Mark J.; Schoenwald, David Alan

    2003-12-01

    This report documents work undertaken to endow the cognitive framework currently under development at Sandia National Laboratories with a human-like memory for specific life episodes. Capabilities have been demonstrated within the context of three separate problem areas. The first year of the project developed a capability whereby simulated robots were able to utilize a record of shared experience to perform surveillance of a building to detect a source of smoke. The second year focused on simulations of social interactions providing a queriable record of interactions such that a time series of events could be constructed and reconstructed. The third year addressed tools to promote desktop productivity, creating a capability to query episodic logs in real time allowing the model of a user to build on itself based on observations of the user's behavior.

  15. Pseudo-Reimannian manifolds endowed with an almost para f-structure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vladislav V. Goldberg

    1985-01-01

    Full Text Available Let M˜(U,Ω˜,η˜,ξ,g˜ be a pseudo-Riemannian manifold of signature (n+1,n. One defines on M˜ an almost cosymplectic para f-structure and proves that a manifold M˜ endowed with such a structure is ξ-Ricci flat and is foliated by minimal hypersurfaces normal to ξ, which are of Otsuki's type. Further one considers on M˜ a 2(n−1-dimensional involutive distribution P⊥ and a recurrent vector field V˜. It is proved that the maximal integral manifold M⊥ of P⊥ has V as the mean curvature vector (up to 1/2(n−1. If the complimentary orthogonal distribution P of P⊥ is also involutive, then the whole manifold M˜ is foliate. Different other properties regarding the vector field V˜ are discussed.

  16. Efficient MAC Protocols for Wireless Sensor Networks Endowed with Directive Antennas: A Cross-Layer Solution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manes Gianfranco

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with a novel MAC layer protocol, namely, directive synchronous transmission asynchronous reception (D-STAR able to space-time synchronize a wireless sensor network (WSN. To this end, D-STAR integrates directional antennas within the communications framework, while taking into account both sleep/active states, according to a cross-layer design. After characterizing the D-STAR protocol in terms of functional characteristics, the related performance is presented, in terms of network lifetime gain, setup latency, and collision probability. It has shown a remarkable gain in terms of energy consumption reduction with respect to the basic approach endowed with omnidirectional antennas, without increasing the signaling overhead nor affecting the setup latency.

  17. Sports selection of volley-ball players: genetic criteria to define motor endowments (information 2

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alisa Ablikova

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: to define genetic criteria which can be used while selecting gifted volley-ball players. Material & Methods: the study involved 50 high class volley-ball players and 50 women at the age of 20–29 years old. There were used methods of theoretical analysis and general conclusion, systematic analysis, genealogic methods of genetics, methods of dermatoglyphic and serologic analyses. Results: family gift for going in for sport was detected. At was revealed that gifted volley-ball players had peculiar finger tips prints and distribution of blood groups: the system AB0 in comparison with the total population. Conclusions: the obtained quantitative characteristics of finger dermatoglyphic, some blood groups and rhesus-factor as genetic markers of motor endowments of volley-ball players are proposed.

  18. Synthesis of linear and cyclic guazatine derivatives endowed with antibacterial activity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maccari, Giorgio; Sanfilippo, Stefania; De Luca, Filomena; Deodato, Davide; Casian, Alexandru; Dasso Lang, Maria Chiara; Zamperini, Claudio; Dreassi, Elena; Rossolini, Gian Maria; Docquier, Jean-Denis; Botta, Maurizio

    2014-12-01

    Antibiotic resistance has reached alarming levels in many clinically-relevant human pathogens, and there is an increasing clinical need for new antibiotics active on drug-resistant Gram-negative pathogens who rapidly evolve towards pandrug resistance phenotypes. Here, we report on two related classes of guanidinic compounds endowed with antibacterial activity. The two best compounds (9a and 13d) exhibited the most potent antibacterial activity with MIC values ranging 0.12-8 μg/ml with most tested pathogens, including both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. Interestingly, MIC values were not affected (1-8 μg/ml) when measured using recent clinical isolates with various antibiotic resistance determinants. The results reported herein identify guazatine derivatives as an interesting starting point for the optimization of a potentially novel class of antibacterial agents. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  19. Efficient MAC Protocols for Wireless Sensor Networks Endowed with Directive Antennas: A Cross-Layer Solution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gianfranco Manes

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with a novel MAC layer protocol, namely, directive synchronous transmission asynchronous reception (D-STAR able to space-time synchronize a wireless sensor network (WSN. To this end, D-STAR integrates directional antennas within the communications framework, while taking into account both sleep/active states, according to a cross-layer design. After characterizing the D-STAR protocol in terms of functional characteristics, the related performance is presented, in terms of network lifetime gain, setup latency, and collision probability. It has shown a remarkable gain in terms of energy consumption reduction with respect to the basic approach endowed with omnidirectional antennas, without increasing the signaling overhead nor affecting the setup latency.

  20. 45 CFR 1159.11 - How can I appeal a refusal to amend or correct an Endowment record?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ...) NATIONAL FOUNDATION ON THE ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE ARTS IMPLEMENTATION OF THE... accounting was made of prior disclosures of the record, all previous recipients of the record will be... correction or amendment. Where an accounting was made of prior disclosures of the record, all previous...

  1. 76 FR 13437 - National Endowment for the Arts; National Council on the Arts 172nd Meeting; Amendment Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-11

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office NATIONAL FOUNDATION FOR THE ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES National Endowment for the Arts; National Council on the Arts 172nd Meeting.... Further information with reference to this meeting can be obtained from the Office of Communications...

  2. The Influence of a Lilly Endowment Grant to Recruit and Retain Part-Time Faculty in a Community College System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lepper, Charles Wilmer

    2010-01-01

    This qualitative study examines the influence of a grant from the Lilly Endowment to recruit and retain intellectual capital of part-time faculty in a community college system. Through the use of grant funds, the college used in this study developed and implemented nine college-wide initiatives. This study examined adjunct faculty members'…

  3. 76 FR 63665 - National Endowment for the Arts; President's Committee on the Arts and the Humanities: Meeting #67

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-13

    ...] [FR Doc No: 2011-26424] NATIONAL FOUNDATION ON THE ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES National Endowment for the Arts; President's Committee on the Arts and the Humanities: Meeting 67 Pursuant to Section 10(a)(2) of... of the President's Committee on the Arts and the Humanities (PCAH) will be held on Tuesday, November...

  4. 75 FR 13312 - National Endowment for the Arts; National Council on the Arts 169th Meeting-Addendum

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-19

    ... ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES National Endowment for the Arts; National Council on the Arts 169th Meeting...) regarding the 169th meeting of the National Council on the Arts. A portion of this meeting, from 9 a.m. to... accessed by going to Art Works blog at http://www.arts.gov/artworks . If, in the course of the open session...

  5. "If you thought this story sour, sweeten it with your own telling" - a feminist poetics of rewriting in Susan Price's Ghost dance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sanna Lehtonen

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The attempts to challenge conventional gendered discourses in children's fantasy have often resulted in feminist rewritings of earlier stories. Ghost dance (1994 by the English author Susan Price is a novel that reflects a specific feminist poetics of rewriting: metafictional passages highlight the constructedness of the narrative and at the end readers are invited to tell their own versions of the story. Moreover, the rewriting freely combines and recontextualises elements from different source texts and reformulates them to create a narrative that challenges conventional discourses of gender. While this poetics has an appeal from a feminist perspective, the play with cross-cultural intertexts and gender becomes more complex when the novel is examined in a postcolonialist framework in relation to ethnicity and the issue of cultural appropriation. Ghost dance is situated in a setting that has a real-world equivalent (Russia, involves characters that are identified with names of real-world ethnic groups (Lapps (Sámi, Russian, and mixes elements from Russian wonder tales, Nordic mythology and an Ojibwe legend. The novel does not aim at historical accuracy in its representations nor is it a direct retelling of any of the pre-texts but combines motifs, themes, names, characters and settings freely from each source. In this textual melting pot, the protagonist Shingebiss is, on one level, a revision of the witch Baba Yaga, but also described as a Lappish shaman with an Ojibwe name. To rewrite gendered discourses, certain elements from the pretexts are chosen and others left out – the question is, then, what effects does this recontextualisation have on the representation of ethnicity? Or, are the feminist rewriting strategies actually a form of cultural appropriation?

  6. Poverty Dynamics, Ecological Endowments, and Land Use among Smallholders in the Brazilian Amazon

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guedes, Gilvan R.; VanWey, Leah K.; Hull, James R.; Antigo, Mariangela; Barbieri, Alisson F.

    2013-01-01

    Rural settlement in previously sparsely occupied areas of the Brazilian Amazon has been associated with high levels of forest loss and unclear long-term social outcomes. We focus here on the micro-level processes in one settlement area to answer the question of how settler and farm endowments affect household poverty. We analyze the extent to which poverty is sensitive to changes in natural capital, land use strategies, and biophysical characteristics of properties (particularly soil quality). Cumulative time spent in poverty is simulated using Markovian processes, which show that accessibility to markets and land use system are especially important for decreasing poverty among households in our sample. Wealthier households are selected into commercial production of perennials before our initial observation, and are therefore in poverty a lower proportion of the time. Land in pasture, in contrast, has an independent effect on reducing the proportion of time spent in poverty. Taken together, these results show that investments in roads and the institutional structures needed to make commercial agriculture or ranching viable in existing and new settlement areas can improve human well-being in frontiers. PMID:24267754

  7. Poverty dynamics, ecological endowments, and land use among smallholders in the Brazilian Amazon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guedes, Gilvan R; VanWey, Leah K; Hull, James R; Antigo, Mariangela; Barbieri, Alisson F

    2014-01-01

    Rural settlement in previously sparsely occupied areas of the Brazilian Amazon has been associated with high levels of forest loss and unclear long-term social outcomes. We focus here on the micro-level processes in one settlement area to answer the question of how settler and farm endowments affect household poverty. We analyze the extent to which poverty is sensitive to changes in natural capital, land use strategies, and biophysical characteristics of properties (particularly soil quality). Cumulative time spent in poverty is simulated using Markovian processes, which show that accessibility to markets and land use system are especially important for decreasing poverty among households in our sample. Wealtheir households are selected into commercial production of perennials before our initial observation, and are therefore in poverty a lower proportion of the time. Land in pasture, in contrast, has an independent effect on reducing the proportion of time spent in poverty. Taken together, these results show that investments in roads and the institutional structures needed to make commercial agriculture or ranching viable in existing and new settlement areas can improve human well-being in frontiers. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. Neural substrates of embodied natural beauty and social endowed beauty: An fMRI study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Wei; He, Xianyou; Lai, Siyan; Wan, Juan; Lai, Shuxian; Zhao, Xueru; Li, Darong

    2017-08-02

    What are the neural mechanisms underlying beauty based on objective parameters and beauty based on subjective social construction? This study scanned participants with fMRI while they performed aesthetic judgments on concrete pictographs and abstract oracle bone scripts. Behavioral results showed both pictographs and oracle bone scripts were judged to be more beautiful when they referred to beautiful objects and positive social meanings, respectively. Imaging results revealed regions associated with perceptual, cognitive, emotional and reward processing were commonly activated both in beautiful judgments of pictographs and oracle bone scripts. Moreover, stronger activations of orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) and motor-related areas were found in beautiful judgments of pictographs, whereas beautiful judgments of oracle bone scripts were associated with putamen activity, implying stronger aesthetic experience and embodied approaching for beauty were elicited by the pictographs. In contrast, only visual processing areas were activated in the judgments of ugly pictographs and negative oracle bone scripts. Results provide evidence that the sense of beauty is triggered by two processes: one based on the objective parameters of stimuli (embodied natural beauty) and the other based on the subjective social construction (social endowed beauty).

  9. PH motifs in PAR1&2 endow breast cancer growth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kancharla, A; Maoz, M; Jaber, M; Agranovich, D; Peretz, T; Grisaru-Granovsky, S; Uziely, B; Bar-Shavit, R

    2015-11-24

    Although emerging roles of protease-activated receptor1&2 (PAR1&2) in cancer are recognized, their underlying signalling events are poorly understood. Here we show signal-binding motifs in PAR1&2 that are critical for breast cancer growth. This occurs via the association of the pleckstrin homology (PH) domain with Akt/PKB as a key signalling event of PARs. Other PH-domain signal-proteins such as Etk/Bmx and Vav3 also associate with PAR1 and PAR2 through their PH domains. PAR1 and PAR2 bind with priority to Etk/Bmx. A point mutation in PAR2, H349A, but not in R352A, abrogates PH-protein association and is sufficient to markedly reduce PAR2-instigated breast tumour growth in vivo and placental extravillous trophoblast (EVT) invasion in vitro. Similarly, the PAR1 mutant hPar1-7A, which is unable to bind the PH domain, reduces mammary tumours and EVT invasion, endowing these motifs with physiological significance and underscoring the importance of these previously unknown PAR1 and PAR2 PH-domain-binding motifs in both pathological and physiological invasion processes.

  10. Idufirma Silicon Valleyta / Susan Adams

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Adams, Susan

    2014-01-01

    Tarkvarafirma Apprenda toodab teenindusplatvormi tarkvara, mis võimaldab klientidel luua ja hoida käigus uusi mobiilseid ja pilvetehnoloogiapõhiseid rakendusi. Oma töötajatele pakub odavaid elamispindu ja madalaid makse

  11. Sport’s selection of volley-ball players: morphological and pedagogical criteria of definition of movement endowments: (information 1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonid Serhiyenko

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: to define methodology of initial sports selection of young volley-ball players. Material & Methods: methods of theoretical analysis and generalization, bibliographic method of search and study of scientific information, a systematic analysis are turned to account in this work. Results: the article deals with the theoretical model of the mast important factors, which define sports endowments of volley-ball players. It is shown the point estimation of body structure and composition, motor and psychomotor abilities, dynamic possibilities, psychophisiological indices in the prognosis of volley-ball players gifted for high sports results. Conclusions: criteria of high movement endowments of volley-ball players are defined; norms of estimation of motor abilities of valley-ball players on the initial steps of sports selection are given.

  12. 75 FR 34488 - National Endowment for the Arts; National Council on the Arts 170th Meeting; Correction

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-17

    ... ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES National Endowment for the Arts; National Council on the Arts 170th Meeting... the Arts. The meeting will be held on June 24-25, 2010 not June 24-25, 2009, in Rooms 527 and M-09 at..., from 12:30 p.m.-2 p.m. on June 24th, will be closed for National Medal of Arts review and...

  13. Fostering creativity: how the Duke Graduate Medical Education Quasi-Endowment encourages innovation in GME.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andolsek, Kathryn M; Murphy, Gwendolyn; Nagler, Alisa; Moore, Peggy R; Schlueter, Joanne; Weinerth, John L; Cuffe, Michael S; Dzau, Victor J

    2013-02-01

    The Duke Medicine Graduate Medical Education Quasi-Endowment, established in 2006, provides infrastructure support and encourages educational innovation. The authors describe Duke's experience with the "grassroots innovation" part of the fund, the Duke Innovation Fund, and discuss the Innovation Fund's processes for application, review, and implementation, and also outcomes, impact, and intended and unintended consequences.In the five years of the Innovation Fund described (2007-2011), 105 projects have been submitted, and 78 have been funded. Thirty-seven projects have been completed. Approved funding ranged from $2,363 to $348,750, with an average award of $66,391. This represents 42% of funding originally requested. Funding could be requested for a period of 6 months to 3 years. The average duration of projects was 27 months, with a range from 6 months to 36 months. Eighty percent of projects were completed on time. Two projects were closed because of lack of progress and failure to adhere to reporting requirements. Thirty-nine are ongoing.Program directors report great success in meeting project outcomes and concrete impacts on resident and faculty attitudes and performance. Ninety-two percent report that their projects would have never been accomplished without this funding. Projects have resulted in at least 68 posters, abstracts, and peer-reviewed presentations. At least 12 peer-reviewed manuscripts were published.There has been tremendous diversity of projects; all 13 clinical departments have been represented. Interdepartmental and intradepartmental program cooperation has increased. This modest seed money has resulted in demonstrable sustainable impacts on teaching and learning, and increased morale and scholarly recognition.

  14. Conferencia de William C. Clark: “From Earth Transformed to Sustainability Science”, Albert, Norma and Howard ’77 Geller Endowed Lecture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Geronimo Barrera de la Torre

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Conferencia de William C. Clark: “From Earth Transformed to Sustainability Science”, Albert, Norma and Howard ’77 Geller Endowed Lecture, Tilton Hall, Higgins University Center, Universidad de Clark, Worcester, Massachusetts, 2 de abril de 2013

  15. Analysis of the Factor Endowments and Agricultural Trade for Economic Cooperation in Northeast Asia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Myong Keun Eor

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available Agricultural production factors, productivity and trade structures of China, Japan and Korea were analyzed. Their agriculture has mutual complementarity arising from differences in factor endowments as well as mutual competitiveness caused by similarities in production structure. Although agriculture of the three countries can be characterized by small-scale farming in common, the capital/labor ratio and the labor/land ratios are much different by country. As a result, Japan and Korea have advantages in producing labor saving and capital intensive products while China has advantages in labor intensive and capital saving products. Since agricultural productivity of factors such as labor, land and capital showed huge differences by country, mutually beneficiary development might be possible through the agricultural cooperation in the Northeast Asian region. Agricultural products of China, Japan and Korea can be classified into two groups of mutually competitive and complementary products. Regional cooperation in agriculture can be vitalized by combining production of mutually competitive products at certain levels in each country with internalizing trade of mutually complementary products. Unfortunately, however, agricultural exports are more and more competitive as the export similarity indices are high and degree of export competition is increasing in the region. For the regional agriculture, sharing markets in the region through establishing complementary systems of utilizing production factors would be better than seeking monopolistic rent or market domination through unlimited competition with each other. Price competition based on the concept of comparative advantage assumes production specialization. However, such kind of competitive advantage is likely to disappear when relative factor prices change as the national economy grows. Consequently, agricultural markets in the region might be dominated by any competitor outside the region. China

  16. Genetic prognosis of motor endowments of children end youth: Methodology of study and use of odontological markers in practice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonid Serhiyenko

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: to study methodological bases of use of odontological markers and determination of expediency to use them in sports genetics (with prognosis of motor endowments of children and youth. Material and Methods: 25 men and 25 women at the age of 20–30 years old took part in investigation. Methods of theoretical analysis and practical methods of receiving the imprint of teeth and analysis of odontological signs. Results: it was found the methodology of analysis of odontological sings and compared odontoglyphics in men and women and in people predisposed to physical development. Conclusions: there are differences in patterns of teeth in people of both sexes and different physical development.

  17. The National Endowment for the Humanities : un levier fédéral des musées amérindiens The National Endowment for the Humanities: A federal lever for integrating American Indian museums

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gérard Selbach

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available The National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH is a federal agency created in 1965 with the mission of “serving the nation by promoting the humanities and giving lessons of history to all Americans.” It finances radio and TV programs on history, music and industry as well as interpretative museum exhibitions and the publishing of catalogs. This article aims at studying one specific type of grant aimed at museums and at exploring the way the compliance with the criteria set by the NEH may affect the organization and contents of exhibitions of tribal museums in particular. It wonders whether the fact of imposing outside scholars (i.e. non-Indian experts is not a means of controlling the interpretation of Native American history and of disguising and furthering the government’s policy of assimilation into the mainstream.

  18. Linking Child Health, Maternal Labour Force Participation and Household Asset Endowments in Cameroon: What the People Say

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mbu Daniel TAMBI

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper is entitled “Linking Child Health, Maternal Labour Force Participation and Household Asset Endowments in Cameroon: what the people say”. The objectives are: (i document the determinants of child health as informed by focus group discussion, (ii analyze what the people say concerning the relationship between child health and maternal labour force participation, (iii explore the perception of the people on the effects of child health on asset accumulation and (iv suggest public policies on the basis of the findings. We used seven focus groups derived from different backgrounds in our framework. We observed that, parents make used of the extra time accrue to them due to better health for their children and family to do extra work that fetched them more money. Based on this, we recommend that decision makers should promote child health outcomes as it’s a tool to promote maternal labour and wealth accumulation in Cameroon

  19. 34 CFR 628.46 - How shall a grantee calculate the amount of endowment fund income that it may withdraw and spend?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false How shall a grantee calculate the amount of endowment fund income that it may withdraw and spend? 628.46 Section 628.46 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION...

  20. Feldman et al. do protest too much, we think

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2017-07-21

    Jul 21, 2017 ... Evolutionary Biology Laboratory, Evolutionary and Organismal Biology Unit, Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Jakkur, Bengaluru 560 064, India; Animal Behaviour and Sociogenetics Laboratory, Evolutionary and Organismal Biology Unit, Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced ...

  1. Yiddish Writing in South Africa: Leibl Feldman's Radical History of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    thousands of eastern European Jewish immigrants, who were streaming into Johannesburg in the 1890s. Drawing heavily on the early Yiddish press, it describes the immigrant neighbourhood in Ferreirastown: its personalities, social, cultural, and workers' organisations, and its social and political concerns. Unfortunately ...

  2. Feldman et al. do protest too much, we think

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Manan Gupta

    2017-07-21

    Jul 21, 2017 ... as a biological phenomenon, and then spend a paragraph. This reply refers to the comment available at 10.1007/s12041-017-0797-4. N. G. Prasad, Sutirth Dey, Amitabh Joshi and T. N. C. Vidya con- tributed equally to this work. This is contribution no. 3 from FOGEG. (see Acknowledgements for details).

  3. Characterizing China's energy consumption with selective economic factors and energy-resource endowment: a spatial econometric approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, Lei; Ji, Minhe; Bai, Ling

    2015-06-01

    Coupled with intricate regional interactions, the provincial disparity of energy-resource endowment and other economic conditions in China have created spatially complex energy consumption patterns that require analyses beyond the traditional ones. To distill the spatial effect out of the resource and economic factors on China's energy consumption, this study recast the traditional econometric model in a spatial context. Several analytic steps were taken to reveal different aspects of the issue. Per capita energy consumption (AVEC) at the provincial level was first mapped to reveal spatial clusters of high energy consumption being located in either well developed or energy resourceful regions. This visual spatial autocorrelation pattern of AVEC was quantitatively tested to confirm its existence among Chinese provinces. A Moran scatterplot was employed to further display a relatively centralized trend occurring in those provinces that had parallel AVEC, revealing a spatial structure with attraction among high-high or low-low regions and repellency among high-low or low-high regions. By a comparison between the ordinary least square (OLS) model and its spatial econometric counterparts, a spatial error model (SEM) was selected to analyze the impact of major economic determinants on AVEC. While the analytic results revealed a significant positive correlation between AVEC and economic development, other determinants showed some intricate influential patterns. The provinces endowed with rich energy reserves were inclined to consume much more energy than those otherwise, whereas changing the economic structure by increasing the proportion of secondary and tertiary industries also tended to consume more energy. Both situations seem to underpin the fact that these provinces were largely trapped in the economies that were supported by technologies of low energy efficiency during the period, while other parts of the country were rapidly modernized by adopting advanced

  4. Proceedings of the ENDOW workshop 'Offshore wakes: Measurements and modelling[Efficient Development of Offshore Windfarms

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Barthelmie, R.J. (ed.)

    2002-03-01

    The papers presented in these Proceedings are the result of a workshop held at Risoe National Laboratory on March 7 and 8 2002 entitled 'Offshore Wakes: Measurements and Modelling'. The Workshop was arranged to showcase results of the European Community supported project 'Efficient Development of Offshore Windfarms (ENDOW)' and featured a series of eight presentations discussing modelling of wakes and boundary layers, existing and new measurements from offshore wind farms and how these will be linked in a new design tool and applied at planned offshore wind farms. In addition seven invited presentations covered a range of relevant topics from analytical approaches to fatigue and extreme loads in wind turbine clusters, current wake modelling in WAsP, optimising power production at Arklow Bank, Particle Image Velocimetry study of a wind turbine wake in a yaw, offshore wind measurements in Massachusetts, accuracy of SODAR measurements for wind energy and tidal influence of offshore wind speeds and turbulence. (au)

  5. Use of Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains endowed with β-glucosidase activity for the production of Sangiovese wine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vernocchi, Pamela; Ndagijimana, Maurice; Serrazanetti, Diana I; López, Clemencia Chaves; Fabiani, Alessandra; Gardini, Fausto; Elisabetta Guerzoni, M; Lanciotti, Rosalba

    2011-06-01

    The aim of this work was to evaluate the suitability of four strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae endowed with in vitro β-glucosidase activity to improve the Sangiovese wine aroma profiles. In particular the effects of the strains on fermentation kinetics, wine sugar and acid concentrations, volatile molecule profiles and colour parameters were evaluated. Moreover their effects on anthocyanins, anthocyanidins and poliphenols were evaluated. These four strains of S. cerevisiae were tested in comparison with one commercial strain and with a spontaneous fermentation in the presence and in the absence of paraffin oil. The results showed that the four wild strains had high fermentation rates and an efficient conversion of grape sugars to alcohol. However, each strain imparted specific features to the wine. AS11 and AS15 gave rise to wine having low volatile acidity values associated to high levels of linalool and nerolidol. They provoked decrease of anthocyanins accompanied by the increase of some anthocyanidins. S. cerevisiae BV12 and BV14 showed the best performances producing wines with the lowest residual sugar contents and volatile acidity values, high levels of nerolidol and citronellol without detrimental effects on wine colour.

  6. Summary of the mineral- and energy-resource endowment, BLM roswell resource area, east-central New Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bartsch-Winkler, S.; Sutphin, D.M.; Ball, M.M.; Korzeb, S.L.; Kness, R.F.; Dutchover, J.T.

    1993-01-01

    In this summary of two comprehensive resource reports produced by the U.S. Bureau of Mines and the U.S. Geological Survey for the U.S. Bureau of Land Management, we discuss the mineral- and energyresource endowment of the 14-millon-acre Roswell Resource Area, New Mexico, managed by the Bureau of Land Management. The Bureau and Survey reports result from separate studies that are compilations of published and unpublished data and integrate new findings on the geology, geochemistry, geophysics, mineral, industrial, and energy commodities, and resources for the seven-county area. The reports have been used by the Bureau of Land Management in preparation of the Roswell Resource Area Resource Management Plan, and will have future use in nationwide mineral- and energy-resource inventories and assessments, as reference and training documents, and as public-information tools. In the Roswell Resource Area, many metals, industrial mineral commodities, and energy resources are being, or have been, produced or prospected. These include metals and high-technology materials, such as copper, gold, silver, thorium, uranium and/or vanadium, rare-earth element minerals, iron, manganese, tungsten, lead, zinc, and molybdenum; industrial mineral resources, including barite, limestone/dolomite, caliche, clay, fluorspar, gypsum, scoria, aggregate, and sand and gravel; and fuels and associated resources, such as oil, gas, tar sand and heavy oil, coal, and gases associated with hydrocarbons. Other commodities that have yet to be identified in economic concentrations include potash, halite, polyhalite, anhydrite, sulfur, feldspar, building stone and decorative rock, brines, various gases associated with oil and gas exploration, and carbon dioxide. ?? 1993 Oxford University Press.

  7. ENDOWMENT LIFE INSURANCE

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Zeljko Sain; Jasmina Selimovic

    2013-01-01

    ... of sub-models of the most popular form of life insurance in the world. The paper applies the scientific methodology of the deductive character based on scientific, theoretical knowledge and practical realities...

  8. Phytohormone production endowed with antagonistic potential and plant growth promoting abilities of culturable endophytic bacteria isolated from Clerodendrum colebrookianum Walp.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Passari, Ajit Kumar; Mishra, Vineet Kumar; Leo, Vincent Vineeth; Gupta, Vijai Kumar; Singh, Bhim Pratap

    2016-12-01

    6 was reported to produce altogether three phytohormones (IAA, Kinetin and 6-Benzyladenine). This study is the first report that bacteria isolated from C. colebrookianum has biocontrol as well as PGP abilities endowed with phytohormones production and can be used for the preparation of bioinoculant for plant growth promotion. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.

  9. Susan G. Komen for the Cure

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... de sus senos:Consejos útiles para mujeres El Cancer de Mama y el Medio Ambiente: Preguntas y Respuestas Guía de herramientas de educación sobre el cancer de seno para comunidades hispanas/Latinas About Us ...

  10. Entretien avec Susan Holtz | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Au seuil du prochain millénaire, le développement planétaire durable pose des défis complexes et d'envergure. Partout dans le monde, on cherche à relever ces défis en intégrant les politiques environnementales, sociales et économiques.

  11. Learning to do well or learning to do good? Estimating the effects of schooling on civic engagement, social cohesion, and labor market outcomes in the presence of endowments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schnittker, Jason; Behrman, Jere R

    2012-03-01

    Although some point to the large effects of schooling on civic engagement (usually measured in terms of volunteering and participation in civic organizations) and social cohesion (usually measured in terms of social networks and relationship quality), the effects of schooling on social outcomes have not been estimated with the same rigor as the effects of schooling on labor-market outcomes, such as earnings. In particular, previous research has failed to consider (i) the many potential and often unobserved confounding factors ("endowments") influencing both schooling and social outcomes, including family upbringing, innate characteristics, and personality, and (ii) the ways in which schooling pushes individuals in multiple directions simultaneously, including toward greater social engagement, but also toward more independent and market-driven pursuits. Using samples of unrelated persons, ordinary siblings, and identical twins, this study explores the effects of schooling on measures of civic engagement and social relationships, as well as labor-force earnings and labor-force participation. The siblings models reveal a more complex picture than typically suggested by standard individual estimates. On one hand, the results reveal a robust positive effect of schooling on earnings: well-schooled persons work more and earn more, albeit not as much as associations without control for endowments suggest. On the other hand, the results reveal more tenuous and occasionally negative effects of schooling on social outcomes. The effects of schooling on volunteering and membership in civic organizations, for example, disappear almost entirely with control for endowments. Also, within-identical-twins models reverse the positive effects of schooling on reports of support from friends, family, and coworkers. These results may reflect the tension schooling creates between market and non-market commitments, as well as between independence and interpersonal reliability. Schooling may

  12. The National Endowment for the Humanities : un levier fédéral des musées amérindiens

    OpenAIRE

    Gérard Selbach

    2009-01-01

    The National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) is a federal agency created in 1965 with the mission of “serving the nation by promoting the humanities and giving lessons of history to all Americans.” It finances radio and TV programs on history, music and industry as well as interpretative museum exhibitions and the publishing of catalogs. This article aims at studying one specific type of grant aimed at museums and at exploring the way the compliance with the criteria set by the NEH may aff...

  13. How does new demand for a natural resource impact the economic growth of developing countries endowed with it? Case study of lithium and rare earth elements

    OpenAIRE

    Roels, Barthélemy

    2017-01-01

    Nowadays, we are facing a new-technology era that is affecting the world economy. These new technologies use an extensive amount of natural resource. Consequently, we can ask ourself how the shift of demand from “old” to “new” natural resources (such as lithium and rare earth elements) can impact the economy of countries that are endowed with it. This thesis reviews the existing literature on natural resource impact (the blessing and the curse) and try to assess the demand increase in lithium...

  14. Using next-generation sequencing to detect mutations endowing resistance to pesticides: application to acetolactate-synthase (ALS)-based resistance in barnyard grass, a polyploid grass weed.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Délye, Christophe; Causse, Romain; Gautier, Véronique; Poncet, Charles; Michel, Séverine

    2015-05-01

    Next-generation sequencing (NGS) technologies offer tremendous possibilities for accurate detection of mutations endowing pesticide resistance, yet their use for this purpose has not emerged in crop protection. This study aims at promoting NGS use for pesticide resistance diagnosis. It describes a simple procedure accessible to virtually any scientist and implementing freely accessible programs for the analysis of NGS data. Three PCR amplicons encompassing seven codons of the acetolactate-synthase gene crucial for herbicide resistance were sequenced using non-quantified pools of crude DNA extracts from 40 plants in each of 28 field populations of barnyard grass, a polyploid weed. A total of 63,959 quality NGS sequence runs were obtained using the 454 technology. Three herbicide-resistance-endowing mutations (Pro-197-Ser, Pro-197-Leu and/or Trp-574-Leu) were identified in seven populations. The NGS results were confirmed by individual plant Sanger sequencing. This work demonstrated the feasibility of NGS-based detection of pesticide resistance, and the advantages of NGS compared with other molecular biology techniques for analysing large numbers of individuals. NGS-based resistance diagnosis has the potential to play a substantial role in monitoring resistance, maintaining pesticide efficacy and optimising pesticide applications. © 2014 Society of Chemical Industry.

  15. Energy metabolism of the untrained muscle of elite runners as observed by 31P magnetic resonance spectroscopy: evidence suggesting a genetic endowment for endurance exercise.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, J H; Brown, R L; Park, C R; Cohn, M; Chance, B

    1988-12-01

    program, the maximum voluntary contractile force for the control subjects had declined to less than 60% of the initial value. This decline could be explained best by exhaustion of the glycolytic contribution to muscle contraction. Therefore, the residual maximum strength provided a measure of the oxidative capacity to support contraction, as is discussed. In conclusion, we suggest that a greater oxidative capacity relative to glycolytic capacity for support of contraction in untrained muscle of world-class runners reflects a genetic endowment for physical endurance. Additional systemic effects of training cannot be completely excluded. 31P magnetic resonance spectroscopy provides a noninvasive method for assessing this endowment.

  16. Phosphotyrosine phosphatase inhibitor bisperoxovanadium endows myogenic cells with enhanced muscle stem cell functions via epigenetic modulation of Sca-1 and Pw1 promoters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smeriglio, Piera; Alonso-Martin, Sonia; Masciarelli, Silvia; Madaro, Luca; Iosue, Ilaria; Marrocco, Valeria; Relaix, Frédéric; Fazi, Francesco; Marazzi, Giovanna; Sassoon, David A; Bouché, Marina

    2016-04-01

    Understanding the regulation of the stem cell fate is fundamental for designing novel regenerative medicine strategies. Previous studies have suggested that pharmacological treatments with small molecules provide a robust and reversible regulation of the stem cell program. Previously, we showed that treatment with a vanadium compound influences muscle cell fatein vitro In this study, we demonstrate that treatment with the phosphotyrosine phosphatase inhibitor bisperoxovanadium (BpV) drives primary muscle cells to a poised stem cell stage, with enhanced function in muscle regenerationin vivofollowing transplantation into injured muscles. Importantly, BpV-treated cells displayed increased self-renewal potentialin vivoand replenished the niche in both satellite and interstitial cell compartments. Moreover, we found that BpV treatment induces specific activating chromatin modifications at the promoter regions of genes associated with stem cell fate, includingSca-1andPw1 Thus, our findings indicate that BpV resets the cell fate program by specific epigenetic regulations, such that the committed myogenic cell fate is redirected to an earlier progenitor cell fate stage, which leads to an enhanced regenerative stem cell potential.-Smeriglio, P., Alonso-Martin, S., Masciarelli, S., Madaro, L., Iosue, I., Marrocco, V., Relaix, F., Fazi, F., Marazzi, G., Sassoon, D. A., Bouché, M. Phosphotyrosine phosphatase inhibitor bisperoxovanadium endows myogenic cells with enhanced muscle stem cell functionsviaepigenetic modulation of Sca-1 and Pw1 promoters. © FASEB.

  17. Doulas apoiando mulheres durante o trabalho de parto: experiência do Hospital Sofia Feldman "Doulas" apoyando mujeres durante el trabajo de parto: experiencia del Hospital Sofia Feldman Doulas supporting womem during labor: the experience of Sofia Feldman Hospital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Míriam Rêgo de Castro Leão

    2001-05-01

    Full Text Available O apoio durante o parto, também denominado suporte intraparto pode ser realizado tanto por profissionais do serviço, enfermeiras e parteiras, como por acompanhantes leigas treinadas, denominadas doulas. Os objetivos deste artigo visam fazer uma revisão da literatura sobre suporte intraparto realizado por doulas e relatar a experiência de um hospital filantrópico de nível secundário.El apoyo durante el parto, también denominado soporte intraparto puede ser realizado por los profesionales de servicio, enfermeras y parteras, como por los acompañantes capacitadas, llamadas "doulas". Los objetivos de éste artículo son: presentar una revisión de la literatura sobre el soporte intraparto realizadas por "doulas" y relatar las experiencias desarrolladas en un hospital filantrópico de nivel secundario.Support during travail, also called social intratravail support, can be accomplished by hospital staff, nurses and midwives as well as by trained companions called "doulas". The purpose of this work is to conduct a literature review on labor support accomplished by "doulas" and report the experience of a secondary-level philanthropical hospital.

  18. ARE THERE DIFFERENCES REFFERING TO THE LIVING STANDARD IN ROMANIA ACCORDING TO THE OCCUPATIONAL STATUS? EMPIRIC RESEARCH REFFERING TO THE ENDOWMENT WITH DURABLE GOODS IN ROMANIAN HOUSEHOLDS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MANUELA ROZALIA GABOR

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The endowment with durable goods is both a barometer of the living standard and life quality published as a statisticindicator by the National Institute for Statistics from Romania (INS and at European level – comparative – byEurostat, for European countries. For both national and European level , this indicator is reported taking into accountsocio-demographic characteristics of the of the family head and of the household itself , such as : occupational status ,education level, gender, the age of the family head , the number of the persons from the household, etc. From all thesocio-demographic variables , we consider the most important the one referring to the occupational status of thefamily head, this being correlated directly with the educational level and implicitly with the income, variables whichwere the foundation of constituting the sample basis of this research. Previous research proved that the endowmentwith durable goods presents significant differences from a statistical point of view at the level of the developmentregions from Romania. In this work, we complete previous research for Romania, based on a representative sample aturban national level consisting of 300 households, using a double scheme of sampling, stratified samples and on levels.For this I used methods of descriptive and non-parametric statistics starting from the hypothesis that, the livingstandard and the quality of life in Romania are significantly different from a statistical point of view according to theoccupational status of the household head. The conclusions of this research present importance from the point of viewof social and macroeconomical politics as well as for the “’actors” of the market for these consumption goods.

  19. A BAX inhibitor-1 gene in Capsicum annuum is induced under various abiotic stresses and endows multi-tolerance in transgenic tobacco.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Isbat, Mohammad; Zeba, Naheed; Kim, Seong Ryong; Hong, Choo Bong

    2009-10-15

    Programmed cell death (PCD) is a highly conserved cellular suicide process important in developmental processes and elimination of damaged cells upon environmental stresses. Among the important regulators of PCD, much interest has been centered on BCL2-associated x protein (BAX) as the pro-PCD factor. On the other hand, BAX inhibitor-1 (BI-1) has been implicated as an anti-PCD factor that balances out the activity of BAX in the developmental processes and responses to environment. A cDNA clone coding a BI-1 gene was isolated from a cDNA library of heat-stressed hot pepper (Capsicum annuum) and named as CaBI-1. This gene contains an open reading frame (ORF) of 248 amino acids encoding a BI-1 protein. Genomic DNA-blot analysis for CaBI-1 suggested one or two loci in the C. annuum genome. Transcription of CaBI-1 was induced in response to high or low temperatures, drought, high salinity, flooding and heavy metal stresses, and ABA. We introduced the ORF of CaBI-1 under the control of the CaMV 35S promoter (P(35S)) into tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum cv. Wisconsin 38) genome by Agrobacterium-mediated transformation. The P(35S):CaBI-1 transgenic plants displayed markedly improved tolerance to high temperature, water deficit, and high salinity in comparison to the control plants. The results indicate that CaBI-1 is a BI-1 gene of which expression induced under various abiotic stresses and endows tolerance to several types of environmental stresses.

  20. Maternal Stress and Initial Endowments

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vardardottir, Arna

    In this paper, I estimate the causal effect of exposure to the stress associated with the collapse of the Icelandic economy during the fall of 2008 using data from the National Birth Register. Iceland experienced the deepest and most rapid financial crisis recorded in peacetime history when its...... three major banks all collapsed during the same week, triggering a systemic crisis, the first in any advanced economy. I use this sudden deterioration in economic conditions to capture the causal effect that financial stress had on the birth outcomes of the cohort in utero during the collapse. I also...

  1. MANAGING AFRICA'S NATURAL RESOURCE ENDOWMENTS ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    RAYAN_

    Management. DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.4314/jsdlp.v8i1.6. 1. INTRODUCTION. Africa's vast natural resources can spur development if managed properly. .... 12 Basedau, M. “Context Matters – Rethinking the Resource Curse in Sub-Saharan ... 16 Besada, H. “Doing Business in Fragile States: The Private Sector, Natural.

  2. Metal endowment reflected in chemical composition of silicates and sulfides of mineralized porphyry copper systems, Urumieh-Dokhtar magmatic arc, Iran

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zarasvandi, Alireza; Rezaei, Mohsen; Raith, Johann G.; Pourkaseb, Houshang; Asadi, Sina; Saed, Madineh; Lentz, David R.

    2018-02-01

    The present work attempts to discriminate between the geochemical features of magmatic-hydrothermal systems involved in the early stages of mineralization in high grade versus low grade porphyry copper systems, using chemical compositions of silicate and sulfide minerals (i.e., plagioclase, biotite, pyrite and chalcopyrite). The data indicate that magmatic plagioclase in all of the porphyry copper systems studied here has high An% and Al content with a significant trend of evolution toward AlAl3SiO8 and □Si4O8 endmembers, providing insight into the high melt water contents of the parental magmas. Comparably, excess Al and An% in the high grade deposits appears to be higher than that of selected low grade deposits, representing a direct link between the amounts of exsolving hydrothermal fluids and the potential of metal endowment in porphyry copper deposits (PCDs). Also, higher Al contents accompanied by elevated An% are linked to the increasing intensity of disruptive alteration (phyllic) in feldspars from the high grade deposits. As calculated from biotite compositions, chloride contents are higher in the exsolving hydrothermal fluids that contributed to the early mineralization stages of highly mineralized porphyry systems. However, as evidenced by scattered and elevated log (fH2O)/(fHF) and log (fH2O)/(fHCl) values, chloride contents recorded in biotite could be influenced by post potassic fluids. Geothermometry of biotite associated with the onset of sulfide mineralization indicates that there is a trend of increasing temperature from high grade to low grade porphyry systems. Significantly, this is coupled with a sharp change in copper content of pyrite assemblages precipitated at the early stages of mineralization such that Cu decreased with increasing temperature. Based on EMPA and detailed WDS elemental mapping, trace elements do not exhibit complex compositional zoning or solid solution in the sulfide structure. Nevertheless, significant amounts of Cu and

  3. PubMed is Slightly More Sensitive but More Time Intensive to Search than Ovid MEDLINE. A Review of: Katchamart, W., Faulkner, A., Feldman, B., Tomlinson, G., & Bombardier, C. (2011. PubMed had a higher sensitivity than Ovid-MEDLINE in the search for systematic reviews. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, 64(7, 805-807. doi:10.1016/j.jclinepi.2010.06.004

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cari Merkley

    2011-06-01

    sensitivity, precision, and number needed to read. Sensitivity is calculated by the number of eligible studies found in a database divided by the “total number of eligible studies in the review” multiplied by 100 (Katchamart, Faulkner, Feldman, Tomlinson, & Bombardier, p. 806. Eligible studies were identified using the inclusion/exclusion criteria developed by Katchamart et al. The figure for “total number of eligible studies in the review” is taken from that same study, which forms the “gold standard” for this analysis (Katchamart et al., p. 806. Precision is calculated by dividing the total number of eligible citations from a database by the total number of citations returned by the database for the search multiplied by 100 (Katchamart et al., p. 806. The number needed to read (NNR formula used by the authors is 1/precision, taken from a study by Bachman, Coray, Estermann, and Ter Riet (2002.Main Results — The PubMed search found more results than Ovid MEDLINE for each of the three key concepts – rheumatoid arthritis, MTX and randomized controlled trials. Once the three concepts were combined, PubMed found 106 more articles than Ovid MEDLINE (2036 vs. 1930.Once the review eligibility criteria were applied to the search results from PubMed, 18 eligible articles were identified, one more article than in Ovid MEDLINE. The authors indicated that the additional article located in PubMed was from a journal that was not yet indexed by MEDLINE at the time the relevant article was published. To determine database sensitivity, these numbers were then divided by 20, the total number of eligible studies located in the Katachamart et al. 2009 review, which employed tools like EMBASE and strategies like hand searching in addition to MEDLINE in order to identify relevant studies. Because of the additional study it located, the sensitivity of PubMed was determined to be slightly higher than Ovid MEDLINE (90% vs. 85%. There was little difference between the two databases in

  4. Synthesis and sar study of 2-substituted imidazo[2,1-b] [1,3]benzothiazoles and related compounds endowed with affinity for dopamine D2 receptors as potential antipsychotics

    OpenAIRE

    Asproni, Battistina; Kehler, Jan; Simula, Sergio; Mura, Stefania; Porcu, Giovanna

    2008-01-01

    Typical antipsychotic agents such as chlorpromazine and haloperidol block the D2 subtype of dopamine receptors in a direct relation to their clinical potency. In this context we have developed a series of (1,2-diphenyl-imidazolyl)piperazine derivatives (1) that are endowed with substantial affinities for both dopamine D2 receptors as well as 5-HT1A and 5-HT2A serotonin receptors, compound 1a (R = o-OCH3) of which is representative. We have extended our study on other series of compou...

  5. Ühingute piiriülene liikumine Euroopa Liidus / Külliki Feldman

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Feldman, Külliki

    2015-01-01

    Piiriülese liikumise mõiste ja motiivid, ühingustatuut ning Euroopa Liidu primaarõigus ja sekundaarõigus. Ühingute piiriülene liikumine Euroopa Kohtu praktikas. Artikkel põhineb autori hetkel veel avaldamata doktoritööl Saksamaa Freiburgi ülikooli juures ning ettekandel 2014. a Eesti õigusteadlaste päevadel Tartus

  6. Mis seos on Mena Suvaril ja Heldur Kääritsal? / Tõnu Feldman

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Feldman, Tõnu

    2002-01-01

    Pärnumaal elav maamõõtjast raskejõustiku ajaloo uurija Eesti päritolu Hollywoodi näitlejannast Mena Suvarist. Mena Suvari pärnakast vanaisa Johann Sirmann (1891-1956) oli 1912. aastal Venemaa meister raskejõustikus

  7. 76 FR 16835 - Erwin E. Feldman, D.O.; Revocation of Registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-25

    ... for both schedule III anabolic steroids (Androgel and Testim) and a schedule IV depressant (lorazepam... Substance Abuse Treatment and a separate DEA registration to prescribe controlled substances for... possess a certification issued by the Michigan Center for Substance Abuse Treatment or a DEA registration...

  8. Contravene, write ... About the pain of others of Susan Sontag

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucía Belén Couso

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Regarding the pain of others challenges our knowledge, challenges what is held as true. We appreciate this attitude condensed in the verb “to defy”. We analyze how Sontag develops her hypothesis and, from that point onward, which is the idea of criticism that emerges from the writing of Regarding the pain of others. Our analysis focuses on three of its topics: the reviewing of the ideas about the war that Virginia Woolf establishes on Three Guineas, the discussion of her own text On photography, and the criticism about Sebastião Salgado’s photography.

  9. From Estonian Exile to Executive Office / Susan Frith

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Frith, Susan

    2008-01-01

    Eesti Vabariigi Presidendi Toomas Hendrik Ilvese elukäigust, haridusteest, poliitilistest vaadetest. T. H. Ilves lõpetas Pennsylvania ülikooli psühholoogia alal magistrikraadiga 1978. a. Artiklis on kasutatud telefoniintervjuud presidendiga. T. H. Ilvese kohta avaldavad arvamust ülikoolikaaslane Brian Wandell ja Eesti Rahvuskomitee Ühendriikides endine president Juhan Simonson. Ülevaade artiklist ilmunud ka: Vaba Eesti Sõna, 24. jaan. 2008, lk. 7, 10: Vaga, Airi. Eesti president Toomas H. Ilves Pennsylvania ülikooli ajakirjas

  10. Reading Susan Isaacs: toward a radically revised theory of thinking.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ogden, Thomas H

    2011-08-01

    The author views Isaacs's (1952) paper, The nature and function of phantasy, as making an important contribution to the development of a radically revised psychoanalytic theory of thinking. Perhaps Isaacs's most important contribution is the notion that phantasy is the process that creates meaning, and that phantasy is the form in which all meanings - including feelings, defense 'mechanisms,' impulses, bodily experiences, and so on - exist in unconscious mental life. The author discusses both explicit formulations offered by Isaacs as well as his own extensions of her ideas. The latter include (1) the idea that phantasying generates not only unconscious psychic content, but also constitutes the entirety of unconscious thinking; (2) the notion that transference is a form of phantasying that serves as a way of thinking for the first time (in relation to the analyst) emotional events that occurred in the past, but were too disturbing to be experienced at the time they occurred and (3) a principal aim and function of phantasy is that of fulfilling the human need to get to know and understand the truth of one's experience. The author concludes by discussing the relationship between Isaacs's concept of phantasy and Bion's concepts of alpha function and the human need for the truth, as well as the differences between Fairbairn's and Isaacs's conceptions of the nature of unconscious internal object relationships. Copyright © 2011 Institute of Psychoanalysis.

  11. A polarised SUSANS facility to study magnetic systems

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    magnet, at a small angle to the diagonal of the rectangle. Neutrons were thus de- flected by the 'magnetic air prism' [5] of 90◦ apex angle. The magnet was fabricated by attaching eight rare earth permanent magnet slabs (2 cm wide, 5 cm long and. 1.25 cm high, maximum energy product BHmax > 30 MGOe) each, just ...

  12. A polarised SUSANS facility to study magnetic systems

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Spatial pair-distribution functions for the up- and down-spins as well as the nuclear and magnetic scattering length density distributions in the micrometer domain, have ... Solid State Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai 400 085, India; Berlin Neutron Scattering Center, Hahn-Meitner-Institut, Glienicker ...

  13. Entretien avec Susan Holtz | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    26 nov. 2010 ... À l'échelle planétaire, toutes les institutions continueront d'évoluer et de changer, c'est sûr. C'est ce qui se passe présentement étant donné la conjugaison d'une intégration plus poussée de l'économie planétaire à l'évolution rapide des technologies, particulièrement dans le monde des communications.

  14. In Conversation with Susan Holtz | CRDI - Centre de recherches ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    In response to Chapter 8 of Agenda 21, "Integrating environment and development in decision making," IDRC undertook to research and document the practical, policy integration problems encountered in its development work. The Cornerstone of Development: Integrating Environmental, Social, and Economic Policies, ...

  15. Rene Valner ja Mikk Suursild - lihtsa elu tegelased / Susan Lahesalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lahesalu, Susan

    2007-01-01

    Arhitekt Rene Valner ja Mikk Suursild - tandem nimega UNITe - ehitavad ökonoomseid ja ökoloogilisi looduslikest materjalidest maju. Nende koostöös on valminud ka Peipsi ääres Nina külas 3 põhumaja. Ott Kadariku, Margit Mutso ja Kuido Kartau kommentaarid

  16. Synthesis, biological evaluation and quantitative structure-active relationships of 1,3-thiazolidin-4-one derivatives. A promising chemical scaffold endowed with high antifungal potency and low cytotoxicity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carradori, Simone; Bizzarri, Bruna; D'Ascenzio, Melissa; De Monte, Celeste; Grande, Rossella; Rivanera, Daniela; Zicari, Alessanda; Mari, Emanuela; Sabatino, Manuela; Patsilinakos, Alexandros; Ragno, Rino; Secci, Daniela

    2017-11-10

    With reference to recent studies reporting on the various biological properties of the thiazolidinone scaffold, we synthesized more than a hundred compounds characterized by a 1,3-thiazolidin-4-one nucleus derivatised at the C2 with a hydrazine bridge linked to (cyclo)aliphatic or hetero(aryl) moieties, and their N-benzylated derivatives. These molecules were assayed as potential anti-Candida agents and they were shown to possess comparable, and in some cases higher biological activity than well-established topical and systemic antimycotic drugs (i.e. clotrimazole, fluconazole, ketoconazole, miconazole, tioconazole, amphotericin B). Compounds endowed with the lowest MICs underwent further testing in order to assess their cytotoxic effect (CC 50 ) on Hep2 cells, which demonstrated their relative safety. Finally, QSAR and 3-D QSAR models were used to predict putative chemical modifications of the 1,3-thiazolidin-4-one scaffold in order to design new and potential more active compounds against Candida spp. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  17. How to Manage a College Endowment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirby, Robert G.

    1981-01-01

    An experienced investment advisor offers suggestions on compiling a lucrative portfolio of securities. Setting objectives, variation of institutional needs over time, relating investment return to improvement of institutional quality, buying strategies, and portfolio managment policies are discussed. (MSE)

  18. Waqf (Endowment Practice in Malaysian Society

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    NUR KHALIDAH DAHLAN

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Justice and equality are not identical in the sense that under certain circumstances, justice may only be achieved through inequality or unequal distribution of wealth. The two aspects of justice, which are corrective justice and distributive justice in this definition both comprehend of justice as a social concept as it incorporates social relations and would have little meaning if it were to apply to an individual in total isolation from society. Thus by comparing the pertinent literature on jurisdiction of the courts in terms of waqf and judicial decisions, this article seeks to describe the pros and cons of waqf practices and how it reflects justice to the Malaysian society.

  19. Developmental Origins and Nephron Endowment in Hypertension

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shari Gurusinghe

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Primary hypertension continues to be one of the main risk factors for cardiovascular disease worldwide. A stable intrauterine environment is critical for the future development and health of the fetus. The developing kidney has been found to be especially vulnerable during this time period, and epidemiological studies have demonstrated that an adverse in utero environment is associated with an increased risk of hypertension and chronic kidney disease. Macro- and micronutrient deficiencies as well as exposure to tobacco, alcohol, and certain medications during gestation have been shown to negatively impact nephrogenesis and reduce one’s nephron number. In 1988, Brenner et al. put forth the controversial hypothesis that a reduced nephron complement is a risk factor for hypertension and chronic kidney disease in adulthood. Since then numerous animal and human studies have confirmed this relationship demonstrating that there is an inverse association between blood pressure and nephron number. As our understanding of the developmental programming of hypertension and other non-communicable diseases improves, more effective preventive health measures can be developed in the future.

  20. Household Financial Distress and Initial Endowments

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olafsson, Arna

    2016-01-01

    This paper studies in utero exposure to the 2008 financial crisis. Exploiting the sudden and unexpected collapse of the Icelandic economy, I find that first-trimester exposure to the crisis led to a sizable and significant reduction in birth weight, increased the probability of a low birth weight...... – because children with worse health at birth can expect substantially lower lifetime earnings – and suggest that economic hardships may in general exacerbate income inequalities in the long run as low-income households are typically more exposed to financial distress....

  1. Analisis Komponen Biaya Asuransi Jiwa Dwiguna (Endowment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Desak Nyoman Trisnawati

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Asuransi adalah suatu istilah penyediaan jasa yang bergerak dalam bidang pertanggungan atau perlindungan. Seseorang yang telah mengasuransikan dirinya akan menyetujui kontrak yang disebut dengan polis. Di Indonesia terdapat beberapa jenis asuransi jiwa, salah satunya adalah asuransi jiwa dwiguna. Asuransi jiwa dwiguna adalah asuransi jiwa yang kepada tertanggung akan diberikan sejumlah uang pada akhir asuransi sesuai dengan polis. Jika tertanggung meninggal selama masa asuransi atau setelah akhir asuransi, kepada tertanggung akan diberikan uang sebesar uang pertanggungan. Untuk memenuhi pertanggungan, akan dibayarkan sejumlah uang yang disebut dengan premi. Premi terdiri dari premi netto dan premi bruto, premi netto adalah premi yang perhitungannya hanya berdasarkan faktor mortalita, sedangkan premi bruto adalah gabungan dari premi netto dengan faktor-faktor lain seperti faktor biaya. Penelitian ini membahas tentang analisis komponen biaya pada asuransi jiwa dwiguna. Komponen dari biaya asuransi jiwa dwiguna ini adalah biaya penutupan awal, biaya pengumpulan premi dan biaya pemeliharaan.Semua perhitungan aktuaria menggunakan tabel CSO 1980 dengan bunga 9%. Dengan menerapkan metode Eliminasi Gauss Jordan besarnya komponen biaya dari asuransi jiwa dwiguna masing-masing, biaya penutupan awal sebesar dan , biaya pengumpulan premi sebesar 0,075 dan biaya pemeliharaan sebesar 2.

  2. Alaska Heritage Endowment Report. Final Draft.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alaska State Dept. of Education, Juneau.

    Outstanding Alaskan native art, historical art, historical objects, and archival materials continue to leave or remain outside the state because Alaskan museums, historical libraries, and archives do not have sufficient funding to compete effectively in the national and international markets where these objects are in great demand. In order to…

  3. The Education and Endowment of Black Women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cole, Johnnetta B.

    The struggle and achievements of Black women in American society are described, emphasizing the distance that Black women still have to go to achieve equality. It is argued that education is the most consistent and obtainable means for the empowerment of Black women. The education that is advocated is one in which the conditions of Black women are…

  4. In Appreciation of Claude Warren and Susan Rose's "William Pengelly's Techniques of Archaeological Excavation"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David L. Browman

    1997-11-01

    Full Text Available The short (40 pages pamphlet by Warren and Rose (1994 provides the answer to a complex question regarding credit for an important archaeological methodology, stratigraphic excavation. Let me set the stage for this appreciation. Continuing research on the beginnings of stratigraphic excavations in North America (Browman and Givens 1996, I sought the origins of the idea of actually excavating by strata, rather than post-facto interpretation, seen in North American as early as 1895 in the work of Henry Chapman Mercer, but not really introduced into the repertoire of American techniques until the work of Gamio, Kidder and Nelson between 1911 and 1914. The roots of the latter three seemed to lie with individuals such as Reisner, Boas, Uhle, who in turn seemed to rely on Hugo Obennaier, Gabriel de Mortillet, Marcellin Boule, and perhaps Pitt-Rivers, while Mercer's work could be traced to Boule and Albert Gaudry. Doggedly following back the roots, I found that Chapman (1989 could make a reasonable case that Pitt-Rivers had actually learned of the idea of strati­graphic excavation from Evans, Prestwich, and Lubbock, from the British scientists working with the Upper and Middle Paleolithic excavations during 1858-1868.

  5. Nõukogude "kaasaegne stiil" : sotsialistlik modernism = The Soviet "contemporary style" : a socialist modernism / Susan E. Reid

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reid, Susan E., 1959-

    2009-01-01

    Modernismile lähenemisest nõukogude kunstis. Nõukogude kunstikriitikast ja -praktikast. Kaasaegne stiil sünteesis arhitektuuriga. Nõukogude Palee teostamata projektist Moskvas. 1962. aastal valminud Moskva Pioneeride Paleest kui stalinistliku praktika hülgamise näitest

  6. Comment on "Revisiting the 1872 owens valley, California, earthquake" by Susan E. Hough and Kate Hutton

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bakun, W.H.

    2009-01-01

    Bakun (2009) argues that the conclusions of Hough and Hutton (2008) are wrong because the study failed to take into account the Sierra Nevada attenuation model of Bakun (2006). In particular, Bakun (2009) argues that propagation effects can explain the relatively high intensities generated by the 1872 Owens Valley earthquake. Using an intensity attenuation model that attempts to account for attenuation through the Sierra Nevada, Bakun (2006) infers the magnitude estimate (Mw 7.4–7.5) that is currently accepted by National Earthquake Information Center (NEIC).

  7. David Brailer on a private-public health information technology infrastructure. Interview by Susan V. White.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brailer, David

    2004-01-01

    David Brailer, MD PhD, was appointed the first National Health Information Technology Coordinator by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Secretary Tommy Thompson on May 6, 2004. As National Coordinator he is to execute President Bush's Executive Order of April 27, 2004, calling for widespread deployment of health information technology (HIT) within 10 years. Dr. Brailer is an authority on clinical data sharing, local health information exchanges, and the use of peer-to-peer technologies in healthcare. He is a leader in the strategy and financing of quality and efficiency in healthcare, with a particular emphasis on HIT and health systems management. Previously, Dr. Brailer was a Senior Fellow at the Health Technology Center in San Francisco, advising a variety of regional and national data-sharing projects and several major corporations about the role of IT in improving the quality of healthcare. Dr. Brailer recently completed 10 years as Chairman and CEO of CareScience, Inc., a provider of care management services and Internet-based solutions that help reduce medical errors and improve physician and hospital-based performance. Dr. Brailer holds doctoral degrees in both medicine and economics. While in medical school, he was a Charles A. Dana Scholar at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine and the first recipient of the National Library of Medicine Martin Epstein Award for his work in expert systems. Dr. Brailer was among the first medical students to serve on the Board of Trustees of the American Medical Association.

  8. 77 FR 73663 - Susan F. Knott; Denial of Hearing; Final Debarment Order

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-11

    ... seeking treatment with BOTOX/BOTOX Cosmetic (BOTOX) with a product, TRI-toxin, distributed by Toxic Research International, Inc. (TRI). BOTOX is a biological product derived from botulinum toxin type A that... approved for use, to be offered for sale as an approved drug product, BOTOX. This conduct clearly relates...

  9. Cracking the finger code: an interview with CCR’s Susan Mackem | Center for Cancer Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    The creation of the digits in our hand—the thumb, index-middle-ring fingers and pinky—begins early in development, but little is known about the exact programming that occurs to produce the different digit types. Investigators in the Cancer and Developmental Biology Laboratory, (CDBL), provide the first genetic evidence of how the tuning of signals sets digit identity by studying the effects of dysregulation (abnormal regulation) in several mutations. Read more…

  10. Maximising the developmental impacts of South Africa's mineral endowment

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Jourdan, P

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available REGIONAL CONSUMPTION Fossil Fuels NPK (fertilisers) Ferrous Metals (iron, steel, stainless, specialty & coated steels) Base Metals: Cu, Al, et al Cement Polymers (PVC, HDPE, HDPP, etc.) Mining & Processing Inputs CAPITAL GOODS: Machinery... Metals: Cu, Al, et al Cement Polymers (PVC, HDPE, HDPP, etc.) • Scale economies ( OS) & • Monopoly pricing (IPP) Regional (REC) RBI strategies could overcome single RMC constraints: • increase market size and scale economies for both mining...

  11. Biodiversity, Factor Endowments and National Security: The Next Great Game?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-11-08

    Nations, 1992. Convention on Biological Diversity 90 Hardin , Garett, 1968. Tragedy of the Commons . Science 162: 1243-1268. p. 1243 91 Wallis, Victor...1968. Tragedy of the commons . Science 162: 1243-1268. p. 1243 Homer-Dixon, Thomas F., 1996. Environment and security. International Security, 20...sovereign limits, a key to mitigating these potential conflicts will be in common global ownership. DISCUSSION The Environmental Policy Landscape

  12. Proceedings of the ENDOW Workshop 'Offshore Wakes: measurements and Modelling'

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2002-01-01

    presentations covered a range of relevant topics from analytical approaches to fatigue and extreme loads in wind turbine clusters, current wake modelling in WAsP,optimising power production at Arklow Bank, Particle Image Velocimetry study of a wind turbine wake in a yaw, offshore wind measurements...... in Massachusetts, accuracy of SODAR measurements for wind energy and tidal influence of offshore wind speeds andturbulence. The papers presented in these Proceedings are the result of a workshop held at Risø National Laboratory on March 7 and 8 2002 entitled 'Offshore Wakes: Measurements and Modelling'....

  13. Dimerization of a Viral SET Protein Endows its Function

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    H Wei; M Zhou

    2011-12-31

    Histone modifications are regarded as the most indispensible phenomena in epigenetics. Of these modifications, lysine methylation is of the greatest complexity and importance as site- and state-specific lysine methylation exerts a plethora of effects on chromatin structure and gene transcription. Notably, paramecium bursaria chlorella viruses encode a conserved SET domain methyltransferase, termed vSET, that functions to suppress host transcription by methylating histone H3 at lysine 27 (H3K27), a mark for eukaryotic gene silencing. Unlike mammalian lysine methyltransferases (KMTs), vSET functions only as a dimer, but the underlying mechanism has remained elusive. In this study, we demonstrate that dimeric vSET operates with negative cooperativity between the two active sites and engages in H3K27 methylation one site at a time. New atomic structures of vSET in the free form and a ternary complex with S-adenosyl homocysteine and a histone H3 peptide and biochemical analyses reveal the molecular origin for the negative cooperativity and explain the substrate specificity of H3K27 methyltransferases. Our study suggests a 'walking' mechanism, by which vSET acts all by itself to globally methylate host H3K27, which is accomplished by the mammalian EZH2 KMT only in the context of the Polycomb repressive complex.

  14. Memory endowed US cities and their demographic interactions

    CERN Document Server

    Hernando, A; Plastino, A; Zambrano, E

    2014-01-01

    A quantitative understanding of cities' demographic dynamics is becoming a potentially useful tool for planning sustainable growth. The concomitant theory should reveal details of the cities' past and also of its interaction with nearby urban conglomerates for providing a reasonably complete picture. Using the exhaustive database of the Census Bureau in a time window of 170 years, we exhibit here empirical evidence for time and space correlations in the demographic dynamics of US counties, with a characteristic memory-time of 25 years and typical distances of interaction of 200 km. These correlations are much larger than those observed in an European country (Spain), giving to the US a more coherent evolution. We also measure the resilience of US cities to historical events, finding a demographical post-traumatic amnesia after wars (as the Civil War) or economic crisis (as the 1929 Stock Market Crash).

  15. Railway Endowment in Italy’s Provinces, 1839-1913

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Groote, Peter D.; Ciccarelli, Carlo

    This paper presents new annual estimates of railway extension in Italian provinces at 1913 borders for the period 1839-1913. The main operator of the Italian railway network (Ferrovie dello Stato) published in 1911 a unique set of homogeneous historical five year maps illustrating the routes of

  16. Federal Tax Policy regarding Universities: Endowments and beyond

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vedder, Richard

    2008-01-01

    The vast bulk of economic activity in the United States is taxed by the federal government. There are exceptions carved out, primarily for charitable operations, including universities. The rationale is that these organizations serve the public good and should not be reduced in magnitude by the deleterious effects of taxes. Universities in…

  17. The Distributed Lambda (?) Model (DLM): A 3-D, Finite-Element Muscle Model Based on Feldman's ? Model; Assessment of Orofacial Gestures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nazari, Mohammad Ali; Perrier, Pascal; Payan, Yohan

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: The authors aimed to design a distributed lambda model (DLM), which is well adapted to implement three-dimensional (3-D), finite-element descriptions of muscles. Method: A muscle element model was designed. Its stress-strain relationships included the active force-length characteristics of the ? model along the muscle fibers, together…

  18. Korteriühistute tegevuse seaduslik alus ja tegevusprintsiibid : [magistritöö] / Kristiina Feldman ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Silvia Kaugia

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Feldman, Kristiina, 1989-

    2013-01-01

    Korteriühistu olemusest, ajaloost ja korteriühistu tegevust reguleerivast seadusandlusest, korteriühistu põhikirjast ja korteriühistu üldkoosolekust, ühistegevusest ja hea usu põhimõttest korteriühistu tegevusprintsiipidena

  19. Understanding Unlikeness, in John Chamberlain: Choices, Susan Davidson, ed. (New York: Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, 2012), pp. 45–55

    OpenAIRE

    Adrian Kohn

    2017-01-01

    ere is just some of what we are given to understand John Chamberlain’s art as being like: car wrecks and dancers, artichokes and mummies and giant phalluses, drapery, a football player, ornaments for an immense Christmas tree and monstrous jungle-gyms, a sucked egg, and Titans beside themselves with rage. Next, a long list of the art-historical movements that his pieces have brought to mind: the baroque and rococo, neoclassicism, Cubism, Dada and Surrealism, both Abstract Expressionism and Po...

  20. Uncovering Our History, Teaching Primary Sources (Tarihimizi Keşfetme, Birincil Kaynaklarla Öğretim - Susan H. Veccia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Duygu Alphan Şentuna

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Okul yıllarından bahseden insanların büyük bir çoğunluğu için tarih dersi, not almak için isimlerin ve tarihlerin ezberlendiği, sınavdan sonra ise unutulduğu bir ders olarak hatıralarda yer alır. Günümüzde tarih öğretiminde önemli gelişmeler olmasına rağmen hala derslerde öğretmenlerin isim, tarih ve ders kitabı merkezli bir öğretim izledikleri görülmektedir. Öğrencilerin eleştirel ve tarihsel düşünme becerisi elde etmeleri için ilk önce bilgiye sahip olmaları gerektiği inancı, öğretmenlerin derslerde yenilikçi yöntemlere yeterli zaman ayırmalarını engellemektedir. Bu durum öğrencilerin tarih dersinden soğumalarına ve dersi zaman kaybı olarak görmelerine neden olmaktadır.

  1. 75 FR 22012 - Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; 12-Month Finding on a Petition to List Susan's...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-27

    ... that incidental dispersal via wind or adhesion to animals or humans could occur, but neither dispersal... species is imperiled (at a high risk of extinction) globally due to a very restricted range, very few... Spring may be impacted by poor water quality because of large amounts of filamentous algae in Trout Creek...

  2. Separated by Sex: A Critical Look at Single-Sex Education for Girls (edited by Susan Morse)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ceraulo, Reviewed By Sandra C.

    1999-05-01

    As Cornelius Riordan states in his round-table paper, "The challenge of effective and equitable schooling in the next century is to overcome the resistance and recalcitrance of youth cultures in and out of school" (p 58). While this is admittedly not a new problem, it is more complex in its modern form and innovative ways to solve it are needed. In an old tradition, one such attempt has been single-sex schools, which have had particular success with the disadvantaged and white females in American society, with the notable involvement of Catholic religious communities. The report does not make clear whether their successes can be reproduced in some modification of the public school format. However, the AAUW report on single-sex schools sheds light on some of the characteristics that make true learning communities out of ordinary schools and on what it takes to reach disadvantaged girls. For these reasons, the AAUW report is good reading for educators at all levels.

  3. Purposive facebook recruitment endows cost-effective nutrition education program evaluation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lohse, Barbara; Wamboldt, Patricia

    2013-08-15

    Recent legislation established a requirement for nutrition education in federal assistance programs to be evidence-based. Recruitment of low-income persons to participate and evaluate nutrition education activities can be challenging and costly. Facebook has been shown to be a cost-effective strategy to recruit this target audience to a nutrition program. The purpose of our study was to examine Facebook as a strategy to recruit participants, especially Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Education (SNAP-Ed) eligible persons, to view and evaluate an online nutrition education program intended to be offered as having some evidence base for SNAP-Ed programming. English-speaking, low-income Pennsylvania residents, 18-55 years with key profile words (eg, Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, Food bank), responded to a Facebook ad inviting participation in either Eating Together as a Family is Worth It (WI) or Everyone Needs Folic Acid (FA). Participants completed an online survey on food-related behaviors, viewed a nutrition education program, and completed a program evaluation. Facebook set-up functions considered were costing action, daily spending cap, and population reach. Respondents for both WI and FA evaluations were similar; the majority were white, Cost per completed evaluation was US $25.48; cost per low-income completer was US $39.92. Results were similar for the FA evaluation; 795 Facebook users clicked on the ad with 110 unique site visitors, and 73 completing the evaluation (ie, 73/795, 9.2% of ad clickers and 73/110, 66% of site visitors completed the evaluation). Cost per valid completed survey with program evaluation was US $18.88; cost per low-income completer was US $27.53. With Facebook we successfully recruited low-income Pennsylvanians to online nutrition program evaluations. Benefits using Facebook as a recruitment strategy included real-time recruitment management with lower costs and more efficiency compared to previous data from traditional research recruitment strategies reported in the literature. Limitations prompted by repeated survey attempts need to be addressed to optimize this recruitment strategy.

  4. The endowment of community participation: institutional settings in two urban regeneration projects

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Savini, F.

    2011-01-01

    Enhancing local democracy and empowering communities in decision-making are top priorities of European political agendas. However, the abundance and heterogeneity of existing examples of inclusive practices have provoked an ongoing debate on the implications and outcomes that deliberation might

  5. Intrinsic Flame-Retardant and Thermally Stable Epoxy Endowed by a Highly Efficient, Multifunctional Curing Agent

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chunlei Dong

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available It is difficult to realize flame retardancy of epoxy without suffering much detriment in thermal stability. To solve the problem, a super-efficient phosphorus-nitrogen-containing reactive-type flame retardant, 10-(hydroxy(4-hydroxyphenylmethyl-5,10-dihydrophenophosphazinine-10-oxide (HB-DPPA is synthesized and characterized. When it is used as a co-curing agent of 4,4′-methylenedianiline (DDM for curing diglycidyl ether of bisphenol A (DGEBA, the cured epoxy achieves UL-94 V-0 rating with the limiting oxygen index of 29.3%. In this case, the phosphorus content in the system is exceptionally low (0.18 wt %. To the best of our knowledge, it currently has the highest efficiency among similar epoxy systems. Such excellent flame retardancy originates from the exclusive chemical structure of the phenophosphazine moiety, in which the phosphorus element is stabilized by the two adjacent aromatic rings. The action in the condensed phase is enhanced and followed by pressurization of the pyrolytic gases that induces the blowing-out effect during combustion. The cone calorimeter result reveals the formation of a unique intumescent char structure with five discernible layers. Owing to the super-efficient flame retardancy and the rigid molecular structure of HB-DPPA, the flame-retardant epoxy acquires high thermal stability and its initial decomposition temperature only decreases by 4.6 °C as compared with the unmodified one.

  6. A novel transcription factor involved in plant defense endowed with protein phosphatase activity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carrasco, José L.; Ancillo, Gema; Mayda, Esther; Vera, Pablo

    2003-01-01

    In plants, expression of a disease-resistance character following perception of a pathogen involves massive deployment of transcription-dependent defenses. Thus, if rapid and effective defense responses have to be achieved, it is crucial that the pathogenic signal is transduced and amplified through pre-existing signaling pathways. Reversible phosphorylation of specific transcription factors, by a concerted action of protein kinases and phosphatases, may represent a mechanism for rapid and flexible regulation of selective gene expression by environmental stimuli. Here we identified a novel DNA-binding protein from tobacco plants, designated DBP1, with protein phosphatase activity, which binds in a sequence-specific manner to a cis- acting element of a defense-related gene and participates in its transcriptional regulation. This finding helps delineate a terminal event in a signaling pathway for the selective activation of early transcription-dependent defense responses in plants, and suggests that stimulus-dependent reversible phosphorylation of regulatory proteins may occur directly in a transcription protein–DNA complex. PMID:12839999

  7. On Designing Multicore-Aware Simulators for Systems Biology Endowed with OnLine Statistics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco Aldinucci

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper arguments are on enabling methodologies for the design of a fully parallel, online, interactive tool aiming to support the bioinformatics scientists .In particular, the features of these methodologies, supported by the FastFlow parallel programming framework, are shown on a simulation tool to perform the modeling, the tuning, and the sensitivity analysis of stochastic biological models. A stochastic simulation needs thousands of independent simulation trajectories turning into big data that should be analysed by statistic and data mining tools. In the considered approach the two stages are pipelined in such a way that the simulation stage streams out the partial results of all simulation trajectories to the analysis stage that immediately produces a partial result. The simulation-analysis workflow is validated for performance and effectiveness of the online analysis in capturing biological systems behavior on a multicore platform and representative proof-of-concept biological systems. The exploited methodologies include pattern-based parallel programming and data streaming that provide key features to the software designers such as performance portability and efficient in-memory (big data management and movement. Two paradigmatic classes of biological systems exhibiting multistable and oscillatory behavior are used as a testbed.

  8. 78 FR 35837 - National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities Research Endowments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-14

    ..., Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or other Spanish culture or origin. Secretary means the... circumstances then prevailing, that a person of prudence, discretion, and intelligence would exercise in the... corpus referred to in paragraph (e) of this section having a net market value less than the value of the...

  9. Smarr formula for black holes endowed with both electric and magnetic charges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manko, V. S.; García-Compeán, H.

    2018-03-01

    The present paper clarifies how to consistently take into account the contribution of magnetic charges in the generalized Smarr mass formula by using properly Tomimatsu’s representation of Komar integrals. It is shown in particular that in all three examples of dyonic solutions considered by us, the sum of the two electromagnetic terms in Smarr’s formula can be cast into the form \\bar{{\\mathcal Q}}Φ^H_ext , where {{\\mathcal Q}} is the complex charge and Φ^H_ext the complex extension of the electric potential.

  10. Enantioresolution and stereochemical characterization of two chiral sulfoxides endowed with COX-2 inhibitory activity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sardella, Roccaldo; Ianni, Federica; Di Michele, Alessandro; Di Capua, Angela; Carotti, Andrea; Anzini, Maurizio; Natalini, Benedetto

    2017-09-01

    The capacity of nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) to prevent prostanoids biosynthesis through the inhibition of COX-2 enzyme is related to their structural backbone, based on the fusion of a cis-stilbene unit with a variety of heterocyclic and carbocyclic rings. By this route, a series of new selective COX-2 inhibitors was developed, by maintaining the 4-methylsulfone or 4-methylsulfonamide substituent on the phenyl moiety, essential for their activity. In this frame, two novel propyl sulfoxide derivatives were synthesized, which proved selective and sufficiently potent COX-2 inhibition activity when tested as racemates. In the present study, the use of a cellulose tris(3,5-dichlorophenylcarbamate)-based chiral stationary phase, in a polar-organic mode of elution, enabled the successful enantioseparation of the investigated compounds. The developed chromatography method reveals a useful tool of monitoring in view of a proper forthcoming enantioselective synthetic protocol. Moreover, the optimized chromatographic conditions allowed the isolation of appropriate amounts of single enantiomers for the electronic circular dichroism studies that, coupled with in silico simulations, allowed assessing the absolute configuration of each species. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  11. A Decentralized Current-Sharing Controller Endows Fast Transient Response to Parallel DC-DC Converters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wang, Haojie; Han, Minxiao; Han, Renke

    2017-01-01

    to the external control loop simplification, plays a major role in the system bandwidth, so that an adaptive PI controller is proposed for this matter. In the paper, two different droop control methods have been modeling, designed, simulated, and tested: the conventional virtual-impedance-loop based V-I droop...... that of the conventional V-I droop control. Furthermore, by analyzing the effects from I-V droop control parameters, the errors can be reduced faster by enlarging the proportional terms, but with no fluctuations, and then completely eliminated by restoring back to small proportional values. Meanwhile, there exists a trade......-off phenomenon between the fast dynamic response and good steady-state performance, thus an adaptive PI controller is proposed to both improve dynamic response and guarantee good steady-state performance simultaneously. Experimental results are shown to verify the accuracy of the models and the effectiveness...

  12. How Endowments, Factor Accumulation, and Technology Choice Determine Growth and Productivity in Agriculture

    OpenAIRE

    Donald Larson

    2004-01-01

    Because rural poverty and low agricultural productivity are closely related, governments often actively pursue policies designed to boost productivity and incomes in the poorest regions. This paper examines why such large variations in agricultural productivity occur and identifies policy instruments that can be used to boost productivity. The paper also identifies the limits that nature and natural risks place on policy. After selectively reviewing the recent literature on the determinants o...

  13. Development of a potent invigorator of immune responses endowed with both preventive and therapeutic properties

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Talwar GP

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Gursaran P Talwar,1 Jagdish C Gupta,1 Abu S Mustafa,2 Hemanta K Kar,3 Kiran Katoch,4 Shreemanta K Parida,5 Prabhakara P Reddi,6 Niyaz Ahmed,7 Vikram Saini,8 Somesh Gupta9 1Talwar Research Foundation, New Delhi, India; 2Department of Microbiology, Kuwait University, Kuwait; 3Department of Dermatology, Paras Hospital, Gurgaon, 4National JALMA Institute of Leprosy and Other Mycobacterial Diseases, Agra, India; 5German Centre of Infection, Justus Liebig University, Giessen, Germany; 6Department of Comparative Biosciences, University of Illinois Urbana Champaign, IL, USA; 7Department of Biotechnology and Bioinformatics, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad, India; 8Department of Microbiology, University of Alabama, Birmingham, AL, USA; 9Department of Dermatology and Venereology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India Abstract: This article reviews briefly the making of an immunoprophylactic-cum-immunotherapeutic vaccine against leprosy. The vaccine is based on cultivable, heat-killed atypical mycobacteria, whose gene sequence is now known. It has been named Mycobacterium indicus pranii. It has received the approval of the Drug Controller General of India and the US Food and Drug Administration. Besides leprosy, M. indicus pranii has found utility in the treatment of category II (“difficult to treat” tuberculosis. It also heals ugly anogenital warts. It has preventive and therapeutic action against SP2/O myelomas. It is proving to be a potent adjuvant for enhancing antibody titers of a recombinant vaccine against human chorionic gonadotropin, with the potential of preventing pregnancy without derangement of ovulation and menstrual regularity in sexually active women. Keywords: leprosy, tuberculosis, anogenital warts, myeloma, adjuvant

  14. 76 FR 35049 - National Endowment for the Arts; Federal Advisory Committee on International Exhibitions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-15

    ... Exhibitions Pursuant to Section 10(a)(2) of the Federal Advisory Committee Act (Pub. L. 92-463), as amended, notice is hereby given that a meeting of the Federal Advisory Committee on International Exhibitions...

  15. 76 FR 70765 - National Endowment for the Arts; Submission of OMB Review: Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-15

    ...: New. Frequency: Biennial. Affected Public: American adults. Estimated Number of Respondents: 2,830... exhibits or music, dance, or theater performances. These data will supplement the data collected by the...

  16. Comparative advantage, factor endowments and trade of Spanish regions with European Union

    OpenAIRE

    Artal, Andrés; Castillo, Juana; Requena, Francisco

    2006-01-01

    This paper investigates the factor content of international trade of the Spanish regions with the EU-15, using the available regional Input-Output Tables around 1995. The results indicate that Spanish regions exhibit a revealed comparative advantage in line with the predictions of the factor proportions theory. All the regions but Asturias, Balearic Islands, Canary Islands, Catalonia, Madrid y Vasc Country are net exporters of land. There is a mix of regions that are net exporters of physical...

  17. Dexamethasone Treatment of Newborn Rats Decreases Cardiomyocyte Endowment in the Developing Heart through Epigenetic Modifications.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maresha S Gay

    Full Text Available The potential adverse effect of synthetic glucocorticoid, dexamethasone therapy on the developing heart remains unknown. The present study investigated the effects of dexamethasone on cardiomyocyte proliferation and binucleation in the developing heart of newborn rats and evaluated DNA methylation as a potential mechanism. Dexamethasone was administered intraperitoneally in a three day tapered dose on postnatal day 1 (P1, 2 and 3 to rat pups in the absence or presence of a glucocorticoid receptor antagonist Ru486, given 30 minutes prior to dexamethasone. Cardiomyocytes from P4, P7 or P14 animals were analyzed for proliferation, binucleation and cell number. Dexamethasone treatment significantly increased the percentage of binucleated cardiomyocytes in the hearts of P4 pups, decreased myocyte proliferation in P4 and P7 pups, reduced cardiomyocyte number and increased the heart to body weight ratio in P14 pups. Ru486 abrogated the effects of dexamethasone. In addition, 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine (5-AZA blocked the effects of dexamethasone on binucleation in P4 animals and proliferation at P7, leading to recovered cardiomyocyte number in P14 hearts. 5-AZA alone promoted cardiomyocyte proliferation at P7 and resulted in a higher number of cardiomyocytes in P14 hearts. Dexamethasone significantly decreased cyclin D2, but not p27 expression in P4 hearts. 5-AZA inhibited global DNA methylation and blocked dexamethasone-mediated down-regulation of cyclin D2 in the heart of P4 pups. The findings suggest that dexamethasone acting on glucocorticoid receptors inhibits proliferation and stimulates premature terminal differentiation of cardiomyocytes in the developing heart via increased DNA methylation in a gene specific manner.

  18. Synthesis of surface protein-imprinted nanoparticles endowed with reversible physical cross-links.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Chongchong; Yan, Xianming; Guo, Hao; Fu, Guoqi

    2016-01-15

    Researches on protein molecularly imprinted polymers have been challenged by the difficulties in facilitating biomacromolecular transfer, in particular upon the template removal step, and enhancing their recognition performance. Addressing these issues, herein we report synthesis of core–shell structured surface protein-imprinted nanoparticles with reversible physical cross-links formed in the imprinted nanoshells. The imprinted layers over nanoparticle supports are fabricated via aqueous precipitation polymerization (PP) of di(ethylene glycol) methyl ether methacrylate (MEO2MA), a thermo-responsive monomer bearing no strong H-bond donor, and other functional and cross-linking monomers. During polymerization, physical cross-links together with chemical cross-links are in site produced within the imprinted shells based on hydrophobic association among the PMEO2MA, favoring formation of high-quality imprints. While cooled appropriately below the polymerization temperature, these physical cross-links can be dissociated rapidly, thus facilitating removal of the embedded template. For proof of this concept, lysozyme-imprinted nanoparticles were synthesized at 37 °C over the nanoparticles functionalized with carboxylic and vinyl groups. The template removal from the imprinted nanoparticles was readily achieved by washing with a dilute acidic detergent solution at 4 °C. As-prepared imprinted nanoparticles showed greatly higher imprinting factor and specific rebinding than obtained with the same recipe but by solution polymerization (SP). Moreover, such imprinted nanomaterials exhibited satisfactory rebinding selectivity, kinetics and reusability.

  19. Electrospun Flexible Coaxial Nanoribbons Endowed With Tuned and Simultaneous Fluorescent Color-Electricity-Magnetism Trifunctionality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shao, Hong; Ma, Qianli; Dong, Xiangting; Yu, Wensheng; Yang, Ming; Yang, Ying; Wang, Jinxian; Liu, Guixia

    2015-09-16

    In order to develop new-typed multifunctional nanocomposites, fluorescent-electrical-magnetic trifunctional coaxial nanoribbons with tunable fluorescent color, including white-light emission, have been successfully fabricated via coaxial electrospinning technology. Each stripe of coaxial nanoribbon is composed of a Fe3O4/PMMA core and a [Eu(BA)3phen+Dy(BA)3phen]/PANI/PMMA (PMMA = polymethyl methacrylate, BA = benzoic acid, phen = phenanthroline, polyaniline = PANI) shell. X-ray diffractometry (XRD), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), biological microscopy (BM), vibrating sample magnetometry (VSM), energy dispersive spectrometry (EDS), Hall effect measurement system and photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy were employed to characterize the coaxial nanoribbons. Emitting color of the coaxial nanoribbons can be tuned by adjusting the contents of Dy(BA)3phen, Eu(BA)3phen, PANI and Fe3O4 in a wide color range of blue-white-orange under the excitation of 273-nm single-wavelength ultraviolet light. The coaxial nanoribbons simultaneously possess excellent luminescent performance, electrical conduction and magnetism compared with the counterpart composite nanoribbons. Furthermore, the electrical and magnetic performances of the coaxial nanoribbons also can be tunable by adding different quantities of PANI and Fe3O4 nanoparticles, respectively. The obtained coaxial nanoribbons have promising applications in many areas, such as electromagnetic interference shielding, microwave absorption, molecular electronics, biomedicine, future nanomechanics and display fields.

  20. Mõtteid Eesti Kultuurkapitali arhitektuuripreemiatest = Thoughts about the Cultural Endowment of Estonia's prizes for architecture / Epp Lankots

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lankots, Epp, 1976-

    2012-01-01

    Arhitektuuriaastast 2011. Eesti Kultuurkapitali aastapreemia - Juta Lember (Peterburi Jaani kirik). Arhitektuuri sihtkapitali maastikuarhitektuuri preemia - Kersti Lootus, Kiur Lootus, Siim Lootus, Katri Soonberg, Heidi Viilop (Pärnu Vallikääru park), restaureerimispreemia - Nele Rohtla (Kiltsi mõis), arhitektuuripreemia - Maarja Kask, Ralf Lõoke, Karli Luik, Ene-Liis Semper, Pelle-Sten Viiburg (NO99 Põhuteater), tegevuspreemia - Margit Argus, Margit Aule, Maarin Ektermann, Ingrid Ruudi (festivali "LIFT11" kuraatorid)

  1. Sulfonamide-metal complexes endowed with potent anti-Trypanosoma cruzi activity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chohan, Zahid H; Hernandes, Marcelo Zaldini; Sensato, Fabricio R; Moreira, Diogo Rodrigo Magalhaes; Pereira, Valéria Rego Alves; Neves, Juliana Kelle de Andrade Lemoine; de Oliveira, Andresa Pereira; de Oliveira, Beatriz Coutinho; Leite, Ana Cristina Lima

    2014-04-01

    In this article, we describe that mononuclear complexes composed of (5-chloro-2-hydroxybenzylidene)aminobenzenesulfonamides (L1-3) of general formula (L2(M)2H2O, where M is Co, Cu, Zn, Ni or Mn) reduced epimastigote proliferation and were found cidal for trypomastigotes of Trypanosoma cruzi Y strain. Complexes C5 and C11 have IC50 of 2.7 ± 0.27 and 4.8 ± 0.47 µM, respectively, for trypomastigotes, when the positive control Nifurtimox, which is also an approved drug for Chagas disease, showed IC50 of 2.7 ± 0.25 µM. We tested whether these complexes inhibit the enzyme T. cruzi trypanothione reductase or acting as DNA binders. While none of these complexes inhibited trypanothione reductase, we observed some degree of DNA binding, albeit less pronounced than observed for cisplatin in this assay. Unfortunately, most of these complexes were also toxic for mouse splenocytes. Along with the present studies, we discuss a number of interesting structure-activity relationships and chemical features for these metal complexes, including computational calculations.

  2. Endowing carbon nanotubes with superparamagnetic properties: applications for cell labeling, MRI cell tracking and magnetic manipulations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lamanna, Giuseppe; Garofalo, Antonio; Popa, Gabriela; Wilhelm, Claire; Bégin-Colin, Sylvie; Felder-Flesch, Delphine; Bianco, Alberto; Gazeau, Florence; Ménard-Moyon, Cécilia

    2013-05-21

    Coating of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) with magnetic nanoparticles (NPs) imparts novel magnetic, optical, and thermal properties with potential applications in the biomedical domain. Multi-walled CNTs have been decorated with iron oxide superparamagnetic NPs. Two different approaches have been investigated based on ligand exchange or "click chemistry". The presence of the NPs on the nanotube surface allows conferring magnetic properties to CNTs. We have evaluated the potential of the NP/CNT hybrids as a contrast agent for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and their interactions with cells. The capacity of the hybrids to magnetically monitor and manipulate cells has also been investigated. The NP/CNTs can be manipulated by a remote magnetic field with enhanced contrast in MRI. They are internalized into tumor cells without showing cytotoxicity. The labeled cells can be magnetically manipulated as they display magnetic mobility and are detected at a single cell level through high resolution MRI.

  3. 76 FR 32992 - National Endowment for the Arts; Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-07

    ... requested data can be provided in the desired format, reporting burden (time and financial resources) is... information collection on the motivation and barriers associated with attending selected arts activities. A...

  4. PH motifs in PAR1&2 endow breast cancer growth

    OpenAIRE

    Kancharla, A.; Maoz, M.; Jaber, M.; Agranovich, D.; Peretz, T.; Grisaru-Granovsky, S.; Uziely, B.; Bar-Shavit, R.

    2015-01-01

    Although emerging roles of protease-activated receptor1&2 (PAR1&2) in cancer are recognized, their underlying signalling events are poorly understood. Here we show signal-binding motifs in PAR1&2 that are critical for breast cancer growth. This occurs via the association of the pleckstrin homology (PH) domain with Akt/PKB as a key signalling event of PARs. Other PH-domain signal-proteins such as Etk/Bmx and Vav3 also associate with PAR1 and PAR2 through their PH domains. PAR1 and PAR2 bind wi...

  5. A Tradeoff Between Accuracy and Flexibility in a Working Memory Circuit Endowed with Slow Feedback Mechanisms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pereira, Jacinto; Wang, Xiao-Jing

    2015-10-01

    Recent studies have shown that reverberation underlying mnemonic persistent activity must be slow, to ensure the stability of a working memory system and to give rise to long neural transients capable of accumulation of information over time. Is the slower the underlying process, the better? To address this question, we investigated 3 slow biophysical mechanisms that are activity-dependent and prominently present in the prefrontal cortex: Depolarization-induced suppression of inhibition (DSI), calcium-dependent nonspecific cationic current (ICAN), and short-term facilitation. Using a spiking network model for spatial working memory, we found that these processes enhance the memory accuracy by counteracting noise-induced drifts, heterogeneity-induced biases, and distractors. Furthermore, the incorporation of DSI and ICAN enlarges the range of network's parameter values required for working memory function. However, when a progressively slower process dominates the network, it becomes increasingly more difficult to erase a memory trace. We demonstrate this accuracy-flexibility tradeoff quantitatively and interpret it using a state-space analysis. Our results supports the scenario where N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor-dependent recurrent excitation is the workhorse for the maintenance of persistent activity, whereas slow synaptic or cellular processes contribute to the robustness of mnemonic function in a tradeoff that potentially can be adjusted according to behavioral demands. © The Author 2014. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  6. Dexamethasone Treatment of Newborn Rats Decreases Cardiomyocyte Endowment in the Developing Heart through Epigenetic Modifications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gay, Maresha S.; Li, Yong; Xiong, Fuxia; Lin, Thant; Zhang, Lubo

    2015-01-01

    The potential adverse effect of synthetic glucocorticoid, dexamethasone therapy on the developing heart remains unknown. The present study investigated the effects of dexamethasone on cardiomyocyte proliferation and binucleation in the developing heart of newborn rats and evaluated DNA methylation as a potential mechanism. Dexamethasone was administered intraperitoneally in a three day tapered dose on postnatal day 1 (P1), 2 and 3 to rat pups in the absence or presence of a glucocorticoid receptor antagonist Ru486, given 30 minutes prior to dexamethasone. Cardiomyocytes from P4, P7 or P14 animals were analyzed for proliferation, binucleation and cell number. Dexamethasone treatment significantly increased the percentage of binucleated cardiomyocytes in the hearts of P4 pups, decreased myocyte proliferation in P4 and P7 pups, reduced cardiomyocyte number and increased the heart to body weight ratio in P14 pups. Ru486 abrogated the effects of dexamethasone. In addition, 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine (5-AZA) blocked the effects of dexamethasone on binucleation in P4 animals and proliferation at P7, leading to recovered cardiomyocyte number in P14 hearts. 5-AZA alone promoted cardiomyocyte proliferation at P7 and resulted in a higher number of cardiomyocytes in P14 hearts. Dexamethasone significantly decreased cyclin D2, but not p27 expression in P4 hearts. 5-AZA inhibited global DNA methylation and blocked dexamethasone-mediated down-regulation of cyclin D2 in the heart of P4 pups. The findings suggest that dexamethasone acting on glucocorticoid receptors inhibits proliferation and stimulates premature terminal differentiation of cardiomyocytes in the developing heart via increased DNA methylation in a gene specific manner. PMID:25923220

  7. 26 CFR 1.817-5 - Diversification requirements for variable annuity, endowment, and life insurance contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... day shall be considered adequately diversified for such quarter. (2) Start-up period. (i) Except as... receivables), government securities, and securities of other regulated investment companies. (3) Alternative... paragraph (e). (f) Look-through rule for assets held through certain investment companies, partnerships, or...

  8. Soil organic nitrogen endows invasive Solidago canadensis with greater advantages in low‐phosphorus conditions

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Yu, Hong‐Wei; Yang, Jian‐Xia; Gao, Yan; He, Wei‐Ming; Peters, D. P. C

    2016-01-01

    .... To do so, we conducted two experiments in which invasive Solidago canadensis and native S. decurrens were either subjected to five amino acids or subjected to organic and inorganic N treatments (i.e...

  9. 76 FR 13673 - National Endowment for the Arts; Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-14

    ... can be generalized to the population of study. This feedback will provide insights into customer or... provide useful information, but it will not yield data that can be generalized to the overall population... target population to which generalizations will be made, the sampling frame, the sample design (including...

  10. One drug for two targets: Biological evaluation of antiretroviral agents endowed with antiproliferative activity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Botta, Lorenzo; Maccari, Giorgio; Calandro, Pierpaolo; Tiberi, Marika; Brai, Annalaura; Zamperini, Claudio; Canducci, Filippo; Chiariello, Mario; Martí-Centelles, Rosa; Falomir, Eva; Carda, Miguel

    2017-06-01

    AIDS-related cancer diseases are malignancies with low incidence on healthy people that affect mostly subjects already immunocompromised. The connection between HIV/AIDS and these cancers has not been established yet, but a weakened immune system is certainly the main cause. We envisaged the possibility to screen a small library of compounds synthesized in our laboratory against opportunistic tumors mainly due to HIV infection like Burkitt's Lymphoma. From cellular assays and gene expression analysis we identified two promising compounds. These derivatives have the dual action required inhibiting HIV replication in human TZM-bl cells infected with HIV-1 NL4.3 and showing cytotoxic activity on human colon HT-29 and breast adenocarcinoma MCF-7 cells. In addition, preclinical in vitro adsorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion studies highlighted a satisfactory pharmacokinetic profile. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  11. A double EPSPS gene mutation endowing glyphosate resistance shows a remarkably high resistance cost.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, Heping; Vila-Aiub, Martin M; Jalaludin, Adam; Yu, Qin; Powles, Stephen B

    2017-12-01

    A novel glyphosate resistance double point mutation (T102I/P106S, TIPS) in the 5-enolpyruvylshikimate-3-phosphate synthase (EPSPS) gene has been recently identified for the first time only in the weed species Eleusine indica. Quantification of plant resistance cost associated with the TIPS and the often reported glyphosate resistance single P106S mutation was performed. A significant resistance cost (50% in seed number currency) associated with the homozygous TIPS but not the homozygous P106S EPSPS variant was identified in E. indica plants. The resistance cost associated with the TIPS mutation escalated to 85% in plants under resource competition with rice crops. The resistance cost was not detected in nonhomozygous TIPS plants denoting the recessive nature of the cost associated with the TIPS allele. An excess of 11-fold more shikimate and sixfold more quinate in the shikimate pathway was detected in TIPS plants in the absence of glyphosate treatment compared to wild type, whereas no changes in these compounds were observed in P106S plants when compared to wild type. TIPS plants show altered metabolite levels in several other metabolic pathways that may account for the expression of the observed resistance cost. © 2017 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  12. Entrepreneurial Choices of Initial Human Capital Endowments and New Venture Success

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rocha, Vera; Van Praag, Mirjam; B. Folta, Timothy

    The founder (team)'s human capital is a vital determinant of future firm performance. This is a stylized fact. Less is known about the effect of the human capital of the initial workforce hired by the founder(s). We study the performance consequences of a founder's choice of the initial workforce......'s human capital (quantity and quality), besides the human capital of the founder(s). The analysis is based on matched employer-employee data and covers about 5,300 startups in manufacturing industries founded by individuals coming from employment between 1992 and 2007. We acknowledge that initial hiring...... decisions are endogenous and correlated with the human capital of the founders and the ownership structure of startups (single founder versus team of founders). Given the stickiness of initial choices, human capital decisions at entry turn out to be a close to irreversible matter with significant...

  13. Environmental and resource footprints in a global context: Europe's structural deficit in resource endowments

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tukker, A.; Bulavskaya, T.; Giljum, S.; Koning, A. de; Lutter, S.; Simas, M.; Stadler, K.; Wood, R.

    2016-01-01

    The European Union (EU) has proposed in its Resource-efficiency roadmap a ‘dashboard of indicators’ consisting of four headline indicators for carbon, water, land and materials. The EU recognizes the need to use a consumption-based (or ‘footprint’) perspective to capture the global dimension of

  14. Household Financial Distress and Initial Endowments: Evidence from the 2008 Financial Crisis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olafsson, Arna

    2016-11-01

    This paper studies in utero exposure to the 2008 financial crisis. Exploiting the sudden and unexpected collapse of the Icelandic economy, I find that first-trimester exposure to the crisis led to a sizable and significant reduction in birth weight, increased the probability of a low birth weight (  4000 g). I also find evidence that the collapse reduced the sex ratio, indicating selection in utero due to maternal prenatal stress exposure. My results imply large welfare losses from financial distress that have hitherto been ignored - because children with worse health at birth can expect substantially lower lifetime earnings - and suggest that economic hardships may in general exacerbate income inequalities in the long run as low-income households are typically more exposed to financial distress. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  15. Biomimetic magnesium–carbonate-apatite nanocrystals endowed with strontium ions as anti-osteoporotic trigger

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Iafisco, Michele, E-mail: michele.iafisco@istec.cnr.it; Ruffini, Andrea; Adamiano, Alessio; Sprio, Simone; Tampieri, Anna

    2014-02-01

    The present work investigates the preparation of biomimetic nanocrystalline apatites co-substituted with Mg, CO{sub 3} and Sr to be used as starting materials for the development of nanostructured bio-devices for regeneration of osteoporotic bone. Biological-like amounts of Mg and CO{sub 3} ions were inserted in the apatite structure to mimic the composition of bone apatite, whereas the addition of increasing quantities of Sr ions, from 0 up to 12 wt.%, as anti-osteoporotic agent, was evaluated. The chemical–physical features, the morphology, the degradation rates, the ion release kinetics as well as the in vitro bioactivity of the as-prepared apatites were fully evaluated. The results indicated that the incorporation of 12 wt.% of Sr can be viewed as a threshold for the structural stability of Mg–CO{sub 3}-apatite. Indeed, incorporation of lower quantity of Sr did not induce considerable variations in the chemical structure of Mg–CO{sub 3}-apatite, while when the Sr doping extent reached 12 wt.%, a dramatically destabilizing effect was detected on the crystal structure thus yielding alteration of the symmetry and distortion of the PO{sub 4}. As a consequence, this apatite exhibited the fastest degradation kinetic and the highest amount of Sr ions released when tested in physiological conditions. In this respect, the surface crystallization of new calcium phosphate phase when immersed in physiological-like solution occurred by different mechanisms and extents due to the different structural chemistry of the variously doped apatites. Nevertheless, all the apatites synthesized in this work exhibited in vitro bioactivity demonstrating their potential use to develop biomedical devices with anti-osteoporotic functionality. - Highlights: • Biomimetic nanocrystalline apatites co-substituted with Mg, CO{sub 3} and Sr were prepared. • Biological-like amounts of Mg and CO{sub 3} were inserted to mimic the composition of bone apatite. • The addition of increasing quantities of Sr (from 0 to 12 wt.%) as anti-osteoporotic agent was evaluated. • The incorporation of 12 wt.% of Sr can be viewed as a threshold for the structural stability of Mg–CO{sub 3}-apatite. • Although occurring by different mechanisms and extents, all the synthesized apatites exhibited in vitro bioactivity.

  16. Interview with a quality leader. Linda Aiken on the healthcare industry and workplace issues. Interview by Susan V. White and Colleen J. Hewes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aiken, Linda

    2003-01-01

    Linda Aiken, PhD MSN, is director of the Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research and The Claire M. Fagin Leadership Professor of Nursing and Professor of Sociology at the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia. Dr. Aiken's other appointments at the University of Pennsylvania include senior fellow at the Leonard Davis Institute for Health Economics and research associate in the Population Studies Center. Before joining the University of Pennsylvania faculty in 1988, Dr. Aiken served as vice president of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. She is a member of the Institute of Medicine, a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and of the National Academy of Social Insurance, a former president of the American Academy of Nursing, a distinguished fellow of the Academy for Health Services Research and Health Policy (now AcademyHealth), and a member of the Council on the Economic Impact of Health System Change. Dr. Aiken served on the Medicare Physician Payment Review Commission for 6 years and was a member of the 1982 Social Security Advisory Council and of President Clinton's National Health Reform Task Force. Her recent work, for which she received the Sigma Theta Tau International Clinical Research Award in 1999, has focused on accounting for variation in hospital patient outcomes in the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, and Germany. Dr. Aiken received her bachelor's and master's degrees in nursing from the University of Florida, Gainesville, and her doctorate in sociology and demography from the University of Texas at Austin.

  17. The Susan G. Komen for the Cure Tissue Bank at the IU Simon Cancer Center: a unique resource for defining the "molecular histology" of the breast

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Sherman, Mark E; Figueroa, Jonine D; Henry, Jill E; Clare, Susan E; Rufenbarger, Connie; Storniolo, Anna Maria

    2012-01-01

    "Molecular histology" of the breast may be conceptualized as encompassing the normative ranges of histologic structure and marker expression in normal breast tissues in relation to a woman's age and life experiences...

  18. The Greek Life of St. Leo bishop of Catania (BHG 981b), Text and Notes by Alexandros G. Alexakis, Translation by Susan Wessel

    OpenAIRE

    Peters-Custot, Annick

    2014-01-01

    Le dossier hagiographique de Léon, évêque de Catane en Sicile, est un des plus originaux et des plus complexes de l’hagiographie médiévale en langue grecque. Logiquement, les débats savants qui entourent le dossier sont intenses et stimulés par chaque nouvelle publication. Toutefois, l’intérêt du dossier hagiographique de Léon dépasse largement le cercle restreint des spécialistes de l’hagiographie iconoclaste, crypto-iconoclaste et iconodoule, tant le contenu de cette Vie et les mystères de ...

  19. Interview with a quality leader: Kent Bottles, MD, president of ICSI, on transforming care for the future. Interview by Susan V. White.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bottles, Kent

    2010-01-01

    Kent Bottles, MD, President of the Institute for Clinical Systems Improvement (ICSI). Dr. Bottles is a board-certified pathologist who specialized in surgical and cyto-pathology. He earned a medical degree from Case Western Reserve University in Ohio. He has extensive experience in integrated healthcare delivery systems, research, academia, commercial laboratories, genomics, proteomics, and management of biotech start-up companies. Dr. Bottles was vice president and chief medical officer of the Iowa Health System. Before that, he served as president and CEO of Grand Rapids Medical Education and Research Center for Health Professions, a multi-institutional consortium of healthcare organizations, and as president of Genomics Repository and chief knowledge officer, Genomics Collaborative Inc. Dr. Bottles has extensive academic experience, serving as Professor and Acting Head, Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine at the University of Iowa. He was also the founding medical director of managed care plans for University of Iowa employees. Dr. Bottles has addressed topics ranging from quality and patient safety and disruptive technology to patient-physician relationships and the future of medicine. He has received numerous honors, including the Rodney T. West Literary Achievement Award for the most important article on medical management presented by the American College of Physician Executives. He has broad clinical experience with the University of Iowa and the San Francisco General Hospital, and has been a national leader in changing the practice of pathology and laboratory medicine to meet the challenges of managed care.

  20. Educating science teachers for sustainability: questions, contradictions and possibilities for rethinking learning and pedagogy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rahm, Jrène; Gorges, Anna

    2017-09-01

    In this review, we explore what educating science teachers for sustainability implies according to the 23 book chapters and many sampled teacher education and science methods courses in the edited book by Susan Stratton, Rita Hagevick, Allan Feldman and Mark Bloom, entitled Educating Science Teachers for Sustainability, published in 2015 by Springer as part of the ASTE Series in Science Education. We situate the review in the current complex landscape of discourses around sustainability education, exploring its grounding in an anthropocentric ideology next to emancipatory practices and a holistic vision of the world. We offer a quick overview of the chapters and themes addressed. We then take up some ideas to think with. We are particularly invested in thinking about the implications of sustainability education as going beyond science teachers and science education, and as implying a serious engagement with and critique of current unsustainable ways of living. We play with the idea of taking sustainability education beyond neoliberal ideals of education and offer some suggestions by bringing in voices of students, youth, land-based learning and the idea of living sustainability. We also explore what indigenous scholars and epistemologies could have contributed to an exploration of sustainability education, a voice that was absent in the book, yet helps desettle the conversation and actions taken, moving the discourse beyond an Eurocentric grounding.

  1. Lower esophageal ring (Schatzki)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Upper gastrointestinal system References Devault KR. Symptoms of esophageal disease. In: Feldman M, Friedman LS, Brandt LJ, eds. Sleisenger and Fordtran's Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease . 10th ed. ... anomalies of the esophagus. In: Feldman M, Friedman LS, Brandt LJ, eds. ...

  2. LINKING CHILD HEALTH, MATERNAL LABOUR FORCE PARTICIPATION AND HOUSEHOLD ASSET ENDOWMENTS IN CAMEROON: WHAT THE PEOPLE SAY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mbu Daniel Tambi

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper is targeted objectives: to document the determinants of child health as informed by focus group discussion, to analyze what the people say concerning the relationship between child health and maternal labour force participation, to explore the perception of the people on the effects of child health on asset accumulation and to suggest public policies on the basis of the findings. We used seven focus groups to explore what the people say based on different health domains: access to public goods; inputs to health; benefits from better health; better child health and complementary activities; benefits of maternity leave and better child health, decision making concerning family health. Each focus group was made of eight participants: housewife, traders, farmers, drivers, teachers, technicians, medical personnel and military drawn from different religious groups: catholic, protestant mainline, protestant non-mainline, other protestant, Muslim, systemic and traditional belief. We observed that, parents make used of the extra time accrue to them due to better health for their children and family to do extra work that fetched them money. The increased family income is use to send their children to better schools, carter for their wellbeing as well as to promote asset growth and redistribution, thus, improving economic well-being and reducing poverty. In case of retirement or sudden retrenchment from the labour market, parents make use of the accumulated assets to increase their family income and maintain well-being, hence, reducing the psychological trauma on parents due to poverty. Based on these findings, we recommend that decision makers and actors concern with child health issues should considered, ease and promote child health outcomes. This is a key to narrowing the poverty and inequality gap between the poor and non-poor, rural and urban household residence, married and unmarried, employed and the unemployed, promote maternal labour force participation and household wealth accumulation in Cameroon.

  3. Synthesis of some benzimidazole derivatives endowed with 1,2,3-triazole as potential inhibitors of hepatitis C virus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Youssif Bahaa G. M.

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available New derivatives of 2-thiobenzimidazole incorporating triazole moiety were synthesized, characterized and tested in vitro for antiviral activity against hepatitis C virus (HCV and hepatitis B virus (HBV. Their cytotoxicity was determined by the reduction in the number of viable cell. All of the synthesized compounds are inactive against HBV and some showed activity against HCV. In particular, two compounds showed significant activity, 2-{4-[(1-benzoylbenzimidazol-2-ylthiomethyl]-1H-1,2,3-triazol-1-yl}-N-(p-nitro-phenyl-acetamide (13 and 2-(4-{[1-(p-chlorobenzoyl-benzimidazol-2-ylthiomethyl]-1H-1,2,3-triazol-1-yl}-N-(p-nitrophenyl-acetamide (17. The results give an insight into the importance of the substituent at position 2 of benzimidazole for the inhibition of HCV.

  4. The venom of South American rattlesnakes inhibits macrophage functions and is endowed with anti-inflammatory properties

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria C. C. de Sousa e Silva

    1996-01-01

    Full Text Available The injection of Crotalus durissus terrificus venom into the foot pad of mice did not induce a significant inflammatory response as evaluated by oedema formation, increased vascular permeability and cell migration. The subcutaneous injection of the venom, or its addition to cell cultures, had an inhibitory effect on the spreading and phagocytosis of resident macrophages, without affecting the viability of the cells. This effect was not observed when the venom was added to cultures of thioglycollate elicited macrophages, but it was able to inhibit these macrophage functions when the cells were obtained from animals injected simultaneously with the venom and thioglycollate. These observations suggest that the venom interferes with the mechanisms of macrophage activation. Leukocyte migration induced by intraperitoneal injection of thioglycollate was also inhibited by previous venom injection. This down-regulatory activity of the venom on macrophage functions could account for the mild inflammatory response observed in the site of the snake bite in Crotalus durissus terrificus envenomation in man.

  5. 6-Cyclohexylmethoxy-5-(cyano-NNO-azoxy)pyrimidine-4-amine: a new scaffold endowed with potent CDK2 inhibitory activity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boschi, Donatella; Tosco, Paolo; Chandra, Naveen; Chaurasia, Shilpi; Fruttero, Roberta; Griffin, Roger; Wang, Lan-Zhen; Gasco, Alberto

    2013-10-01

    Substitution of the cyano-NNO-azoxy moiety (NC-N=(O)N-) for the nitroso group in NU6027, a potent and selective CDK2 inhibitor, affords a compound with slightly improved potency and comparable selectivity profile. A molecular modelling study indicates for this new scaffold a binding mode similar to the one adopted by other purine and pyrimidine analogues, and suggests a relevant role for a conserved water molecule in stabilizing the bioactive pose of this and other pyrimidine ligands. The introduction of aminosulfonylphenyl substituents on the 2-amino group of the pyrimidine increased the CDK2 inhibitory potency by two orders of magnitude, while maintaining the same degree of selectivity. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  6. Leaders in collective migration: are front cells really endowed with a particular set of skills? [version 1; referees: 2 approved

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eric Theveneau

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Collective cell migration is the coordinated movement emerging from the interaction of at least two cells. In multicellular organisms, collective cell migration is ubiquitous. During development, embryonic cells often travel in numbers, whereas in adults, epithelial cells close wounds collectively. There is often a division of labour and two categories of cells have been proposed: leaders and followers. These two terms imply that followers are subordinated to leaders whose proposed broad range of actions significantly biases the direction of the group of cells towards a specific target. These two terms are also tied to topology. Leaders are at the front while followers are located behind them. Here, we review recent work on some of the main experimental models for collective cell migration, concluding that leader-follower terminology may not be the most appropriate. It appears that not all collectively migrating groups are driven by cells located at the front. Moreover, the qualities that define leaders (pathfinding, traction forces and matrix remodelling are not specific to front cells. These observations indicate that the terms leaders and followers are not suited to every case. We think that it would be more accurate to dissociate the function of a cell from its position in the group. The position of cells can be precisely defined with respect to the direction of movement by purely topological terms such as “front” or “rear” cells. In addition, we propose the more ample and strictly functional definition of “steering cells” which are able to determine the directionality of movement for the entire group. In this context, a leader cell represents only a specific case in which a steering cell is positioned at the front of the group.

  7. Melanoma Spheroids Grown Under Neural Crest Cell Conditions Are Highly Plastic Migratory/Invasive Tumor Cells Endowed with Immunomodulator Function

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lalou, Claude; Lauden, Laura; Michel, Laurence; de la Grange, Pierre; Khatib, Abdel-Majid; Aoudjit, Fawzi; Charron, Dominique; Alcaide-Loridan, Catherine; Al-Daccak, Reem

    2011-01-01

    Background The aggressiveness of melanoma tumors is likely to rely on their well-recognized heterogeneity and plasticity. Melanoma comprises multi-subpopulations of cancer cells some of which may possess stem cell-like properties. Although useful, the sphere-formation assay to identify stem cell-like or tumor initiating cell subpopulations in melanoma has been challenged, and it is unclear if this model can predict a functional phenotype associated with aggressive tumor cells. Methodology/Principal Findings We analyzed the molecular and functional phenotypes of melanoma spheroids formed in neural crest cell medium. Whether from metastatic or advanced primary tumors, spheroid cells expressed melanoma-associated markers. They displayed higher capacity to differentiate along mesenchymal lineages and enhanced expression of SOX2, NANOG, KLF4, and/or OCT4 transcription factors, but not enhanced self-renewal or tumorigenicity when compared to their adherent counterparts. Gene expression profiling attributed a neural crest cell signature to these spheroids and indicated that a migratory/invasive and immune-function modulating program could be associated with these cells. In vitro assays confirmed that spheroids display enhanced migratory/invasive capacities. In immune activation assays, spheroid cells elicited a poorer allogenic response from immune cells and inhibited mitogen-dependent T cells activation and proliferation more efficiently than their adherent counterparts. Our findings reveal a novel immune-modulator function of melanoma spheroids and suggest specific roles for spheroids in invasion and in evasion of antitumor immunity. Conclusion/Significance The association of a more plastic, invasive and evasive, thus a more aggressive tumor phenotype with melanoma spheroids reveals a previously unrecognized aspect of tumor cells expanded as spheroid cultures. While of limited efficiency for melanoma initiating cell identification, our melanoma spheroid model predicted aggressive phenotype and suggested that aggressiveness and heterogeneity of melanoma tumors can be supported by subpopulations other than cancer stem cells. Therefore, it could be constructive to investigate melanoma aggressiveness, relevant to patients and clinical transferability. PMID:21526207

  8. Mechanical stretch endows mesenchymal stem cells stronger angiogenic and anti-apoptotic capacities via NFκB activation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhu, Zhuoli; Gan, Xueqi [State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases, West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041 (China); Fan, Hongyi [State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases, West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041 (China); Department of Applied Mechanics, College of Architecture and Environment, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065 (China); Yu, Haiyang, E-mail: yhyang6812@foxmail.com [State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases, West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041 (China)

    2015-12-25

    Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been broadly used for tissue regeneration and repair due to their broad differentiation potential and potent paracrine properties such as angiogenic capacity. Strategies to increase their survival rate after transplantation and the angiogenic ability are of priority for the utility of MSCs. In this study, we found that mechanical stretch (10% extension, 30 cycles/min cyclic stretch) preconditioning increase the angiogenic capacity via VEGFA induction. In addition, mechanical stretch also increases the survival rate of mesenchymal stem cells under nutrients deprivation. Consistent with the increase VEGFA expression and resistance to apoptosis, nuclear localization of NFκB activity p65 increased upon mechanical stretch. Inhibition of NFκB activity by BAY 11-708 blocks the pro-angiogenesis and anti-apoptosis function of mechanical stretch. Taken together, our findings here raise the possibility that mechanical stretch preconditioning might enhance the therapeutic efficacy of mesenchymal stem cells. - Highlights: • Mechanical stretch increases the angiogenic capacity via VEGFA induction in MSCs. • Mechanical stretch increases the survival rate of MSCs under nutrients deprivation. • Mechanical stretch manipulates MSCs via the activation of NFκB.

  9. Induction of an Infinite Periodic Minimal Surface by Endowing An Amphiphilic Zwitterion with Halogen-Bond Ability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ichikawa, Takahiro; Okafuji, Akiyoshi; Kato, Takashi; Ohno, Hiroyuki

    2016-10-01

    We have designed an amphiphilic zwitterion with an iodine-substituted imidazolium cation. Although it forms a layered assembly with flat interfaces, the addition of an equimolar amount of bis(trifluoromethane)sulfonimide results in the formation of a bicontinuous cubic liquid-crystalline assembly with a primitive-type infinite periodic minimal surface, where its zwitterionic headgroup sits regularly. IR measurements revealed that halogen bond between the iodine atoms on the imidazolium cation and the anions is involved in its molecular-assembly behavior. The present results clearly indicate the potential utility of halogen bonding to control the dimensionality and continuity of the ionic/nonionic interface of amphiphiles in bulk and consequent mesophase patterns, which may be a significant new molecular technology for precisely arranging functional molecules on a 3D continuous interfaces.

  10. First report of Ser653Asn mutation endowing high-level resistance to imazamox in downy brome (Bromus tectorum L.).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, Vipan; Jha, Prashant

    2017-12-01

    Bromus tectorum L. is one of the most troublesome grass weed species in cropland and non-cropland areas of the northwestern USA. In summer 2016, a B. tectroum accession (R) that survived imazamox at the field-use rate (44 g ha -1 ) in an imidazolinone-tolerant (IMI-tolerant or Clearfield™) winter wheat field was collected from a wheat field in Carter County, MT, USA. The aim of this study was to determine the resistance profile of the B. tectroum R accession to imazamox and other ALS inhibitors, and investigate the mechanism of resistance to imazamox. The R B. tectorum accession had a high-level resistance (110.1-fold) to imazamox (IMI) and low to moderate-levels cross-resistance to pyroxsulam (TP) (4.6-fold) and propoxycarbazone (SCT) (13.9-fold). The R accession was susceptible to sulfosulfuron (SU) and quizalofop and clethodim (ACCase inhibitors), paraquat (PS I inhibitor), glyphosate (EPSPS inhibitor) and glufosinate (GS inhibitor). Sequence analysis of the ALS gene revealed a single, target-site Ser653Asn mutation in R plants. Pretreatment of malathion followed by imazamox at 44 or 88 g ha -1 did not reverse the resistance phenotype. This is the first report of evolution of cross-resistance to ALS-inhibiting herbicides in B. tectorum. A single-point mutation, Ser653Asn, was identified, conferring the high-level resistance to imazamox. © 2017 Society of Chemical Industry. © 2017 Society of Chemical Industry.

  11. Willingness-to-pay for steelhead trout fishing: Implications of two-step consumer decisions with short-run endowments

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKean, John R.; Johnson, Donn; Taylor, R. Garth

    2010-09-01

    Choice of the appropriate model of economic behavior is important for the measurement of nonmarket demand and benefits. Several travel cost demand model specifications are currently in use. Uncertainty exists over the efficacy of these approaches, and more theoretical and empirical study is warranted. Thus travel cost models with differing assumptions about labor markets and consumer behavior were applied to estimate the demand for steelhead trout sportfishing on an unimpounded reach of the Snake River near Lewiston, Idaho. We introduce a modified two-step decision model that incorporates endogenous time value using a latent index variable approach. The focus is on the importance of distinguishing between short-run and long-run consumer decision variables in a consistent manner. A modified Barnett two-step decision model was found superior to other models tested.

  12. Yersinia pestis endowed with increased cytotoxicity is avirulent in a bubonic plague model and induces rapid protection against pneumonic plague.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zauberman, Ayelet; Tidhar, Avital; Levy, Yinon; Bar-Haim, Erez; Halperin, Gideon; Flashner, Yehuda; Cohen, Sara; Shafferman, Avigdor; Mamroud, Emanuelle

    2009-06-16

    An important virulence strategy evolved by bacterial pathogens to overcome host defenses is the modulation of host cell death. Previous observations have indicated that Yersinia pestis, the causative agent of plague disease, exhibits restricted capacity to induce cell death in macrophages due to ineffective translocation of the type III secretion effector YopJ, as opposed to the readily translocated YopP, the YopJ homologue of the enteropathogen Yersinia enterocolitica Oratio8. This led us to suggest that reduced cytotoxic potency may allow pathogen propagation within a shielded niche, leading to increased virulence. To test the relationship between cytotoxic potential and virulence, we replaced Y. pestis YopJ with YopP. The YopP-expressing Y. pestis strain exhibited high cytotoxic activity against macrophages in vitro. Following subcutaneous infection, this strain had reduced ability to colonize internal organs, was unable to induce septicemia and exhibited at least a 10(7)-fold reduction in virulence. Yet, upon intravenous or intranasal infection, it was still as virulent as the wild-type strain. The subcutaneous administration of the cytotoxic Y. pestis strain appears to activate a rapid and potent systemic, CTL-independent, immunoprotective response, allowing the organism to overcome simultaneous coinfection with 10,000 LD(50) of virulent Y. pestis. Moreover, three days after subcutaneous administration of this strain, animals were also protected against septicemic or primary pneumonic plague. Our findings indicate that an inverse relationship exists between the cytotoxic potential of Y. pestis and its virulence following subcutaneous infection. This appears to be associated with the ability of the engineered cytotoxic Y. pestis strain to induce very rapid, effective and long-lasting protection against bubonic and pneumonic plague. These observations have novel implications for the development of vaccines/therapies against Y. pestis and shed new light on the virulence strategies of Y. pestis in nature.

  13. Yersinia pestis endowed with increased cytotoxicity is avirulent in a bubonic plague model and induces rapid protection against pneumonic plague.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ayelet Zauberman

    Full Text Available An important virulence strategy evolved by bacterial pathogens to overcome host defenses is the modulation of host cell death. Previous observations have indicated that Yersinia pestis, the causative agent of plague disease, exhibits restricted capacity to induce cell death in macrophages due to ineffective translocation of the type III secretion effector YopJ, as opposed to the readily translocated YopP, the YopJ homologue of the enteropathogen Yersinia enterocolitica Oratio8. This led us to suggest that reduced cytotoxic potency may allow pathogen propagation within a shielded niche, leading to increased virulence. To test the relationship between cytotoxic potential and virulence, we replaced Y. pestis YopJ with YopP. The YopP-expressing Y. pestis strain exhibited high cytotoxic activity against macrophages in vitro. Following subcutaneous infection, this strain had reduced ability to colonize internal organs, was unable to induce septicemia and exhibited at least a 10(7-fold reduction in virulence. Yet, upon intravenous or intranasal infection, it was still as virulent as the wild-type strain. The subcutaneous administration of the cytotoxic Y. pestis strain appears to activate a rapid and potent systemic, CTL-independent, immunoprotective response, allowing the organism to overcome simultaneous coinfection with 10,000 LD(50 of virulent Y. pestis. Moreover, three days after subcutaneous administration of this strain, animals were also protected against septicemic or primary pneumonic plague. Our findings indicate that an inverse relationship exists between the cytotoxic potential of Y. pestis and its virulence following subcutaneous infection. This appears to be associated with the ability of the engineered cytotoxic Y. pestis strain to induce very rapid, effective and long-lasting protection against bubonic and pneumonic plague. These observations have novel implications for the development of vaccines/therapies against Y. pestis and shed new light on the virulence strategies of Y. pestis in nature.

  14. Development of IgY antibodies against anti-snake toxins endowed with highly lethal neutralizing activity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    da Rocha, David Gitirana; Fernandez, Jorge Hernandez; de Almeida, Cláudia Maria Costa; da Silva, Cláudia Letícia; Magnoli, Fábio Carlos; da Silva, Osmair Élder; da Silva, Wilmar Dias

    2017-08-30

    Snakebite envenoming is a major neglected disease related to poverty in developing countries. Treatment involves the administration of a specific antivenom serum and auxiliary therapies, if necessary. The improvement of antibodies is of great importance for the technological advancement of antivenom therapy and to reduce the morbidity and mortality associated with this medical burden. In the present study, adult hens were immunized nine times with 20μg of B. arietans or C. d. terrificus venoms at three-week intervals between immunizations. Developing antibodies presented increasing avidity and affinity to antigenic toxin epitopes along immunization, attaining a plateau after the seventh immunization. Pooled egg yolk-purified IgY antivenom antibodies, subjected to in vitro-in vivo lethality assay using Swiss adult mice, exhibited potent venom lethal neutralizing activity. Taken together, chickens under the described immunization schedule were considered alternative candidates for antivenom production. Lower maintenance costs, a simple antibody manufacturing process and immunization suffering restrictions are additional advantages. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  15. Influence of farm resource endowment on possibilities for sustainable development: a case study for vegetable farms in South Uruguay

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dogliotti, S.; Ittersum, van M.K.; Rossing, W.A.H.

    2006-01-01

    In different parts of the world, there is an urgent need for redesigning and innovating farming systems. Such a process may be supported by model-based explorations that enable ex-ante evaluation of a broad range of alternatives. Since a variety of viable patterns of farm development exists related

  16. Mechanism of Determination of Effectiveness of Spending Assets of Endowment Funds on the Basis of Mathematical Models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sazonov, Sergey; Kharlamova, Ekaterina; Chekhovskaya, Irina; Polyanskaya, Elena

    2017-01-01

    Purpose: Economic problems of the system of education were the object of interest of classics of economic science--A. Smith and A. Marshall--who viewed education as a source of public capital, and acquired skills and competences--as a part of national wealth. These ideas were further developed in the theory of human capital by T. Schultz, G.S.…

  17. MATERNAL IRON STATUS: RELATION TO FETAL GROWTH, LENGTH OF GESTATION AND THE NEONATE’S IRON ENDOWMENT

    OpenAIRE

    Scholl, Theresa O

    2011-01-01

    Anemia prevalence is highest in preschool children, reproductive age women and women who are pregnant. While etiology is multifactorial, a deficiency in iron is the most commonly recognized nutritional cause. Observational studies imply that supplementation with iron or iron-folic acid should be started early in pregnancy, if not before, in order to prevent low birth weight and preterm delivery. Despite this clinical trials, even those from early pregnany, are equivocal. Recent follow up stud...

  18. Detection of antibiotic-resistant bacteria endowed with antimicrobial activity from a freshwater lake and their phylogenetic affiliation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zothanpuia

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Antimicrobial resistance poses a serious challenge to global public health. In this study, fifty bacterial strains were isolated from the sediments of a freshwater lake and were screened for antibiotic resistance. Out of fifty isolates, thirty-three isolates showed resistance against at least two of the selected antibiotics. Analysis of 16S rDNA sequencing revealed that the isolates belonged to ten different genera, namely Staphylococcus(n = 8, Bacillus(n = 7, Lysinibacillus(n = 4, Achromobacter(n=3, bacterium(n = 3, Methylobacterium(n = 2, Bosea(n = 2, Aneurinibacillus(n = 2, Azospirillum(n = 1, Novosphingobium(n = 1. Enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus (ERIC and BOX-PCR markers were used to study the genetic relatedness among the antibiotic resistant isolates. Further, the isolates were screened for their antimicrobial activity against bacterial pathogens viz., Staphylococcus aureus(MTCC-96, Pseudomonas aeruginosa(MTCC-2453 and Escherichia coli(MTCC-739, and pathogenic fungi viz., Fusarium proliferatum (MTCC-286, Fusarium oxysporum (CABI-293942 and Fusarium oxy. ciceri (MTCC-2791. In addition, biosynthetic genes (polyketide synthase II (PKS-II and non-ribosomal peptide synthetase (NRPS were detected in six and seven isolates, respectively. This is the first report for the multifunctional analysis of the bacterial isolates from a wetland with biosynthetic potential, which could serve as potential source of useful biologically active metabolites.

  19. 75 FR 52857 - National Endowment for the Humanities Implementation of OMB Guidance on Drug-Free Workplace...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-30

    ... Subjects 2 CFR Part 3373 Administrative practice and procedure, Drug abuse, Grant programs, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements. 45 CFR Part 1173 Administrative practice and procedure, Drug abuse, Grant programs...;having general applicability and legal effect, most of which are keyed #0;to and codified in the Code of...

  20. Thrombospondin-1 as a Paradigm for the Development of Antiangiogenic Agents Endowed with Multiple Mechanisms of Action

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco Rusnati

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Uncontrolled neovascularization occurs in several angiogenesis-dependent diseases, including cancer. Neovascularization is tightly controlled by the balance between angiogenic growth factors and antiangiogenic agents. The various natural angiogenesis inhibitors identified so far affect neovascularization by different mechanisms of action. Thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1 is a matricellular modular glycoprotein that acts as a powerful endogenous inhibitor of angiogenesis. It acts both indirectly, by sequestering angiogenic growth factors and effectors in the extracellular environment, and directly, by inducing an antiangiogenic program in endothelial cells following engagement of specific receptors including CD36, CD47, integrins and proteoglycans (all involved in angiogenesis . In view of its central, multifaceted role in angiogenesis, TSP-1 has served as a source of antiangiogenic tools, including TSP-1 fragments, synthetic peptides and peptidomimetics, gene therapy strategies, and agents that up-regulate TSP-1 expression. This review discusses TSP-1-based inhibitors of angiogenesis, their mechanisms of action and therapeutic potential, drawing our experience with angiogenic growth factor-interacting TSP-1 peptides, and the possibility of exploiting them to design novel antiangiogenic agents.

  1. Poverty targeting with heterogeneous endowments: a micro-simulation analysis of a less-favourded Ethiopian village

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kuiper, M.H.; Ruben, R.

    2005-01-01

    Spatially-targeted programs for poverty reduction in less-favoured areas are typically constrained by a large heterogeneity amongst households in terms of the quantity and quality of available resources. The objective of this paper is to explore in a stylized manner the role of heterogeneous

  2. Poverty targeting, resource degradation and heterogeneous endowments - A micro-simulation analysis of a less-favored Ethiopian village

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kuiper, M.; Ruben, R.

    2007-01-01

    Persistent and widespread poverty in less-favored areas (LFAs) is attributed to fragile natural resources and poor markets. Limited assets may keep households outside the reach of poverty policies targeted at LFAs. We explored in a stylized manner the role of heterogeneous household assets for (1)

  3. Platelet membrane coating coupled with solar irradiation endows a photodynamic nanosystem with both improved antitumor efficacy and undetectable skin damage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Lulu; Gao, Feng; Fan, Feng; Yang, Lihua

    2018-03-01

    The therapeutic efficacy of tumor photodynamic therapy (PDT) is hindered by the following three challenges. The extremely short lifetime of reactive oxygen species (ROS, the cytotoxic factor of PDT) limits the radius of their action to tens-of-nanometer scale; functionalizing a photodynamic nanosystem with active targeting moieties helps bring the target cells into reach of ROS but requires extra research efforts. Current photodynamic systems are in general excited by light on the short end of near-infrared (NIR) region; deep tissue penetration necessitates the development of those excitable by longer NIR light. Reducing irradiation dose is necessary for avoiding skin damages but impacts the therapeutic outcome; how to resolve this delimma remains a challenge. We herein show that platelet membrane-coating over a photodynamic nanoparticle coupled with solar irradiation may simultaneously resolve all challenges above. Platelet membrane-coating provides both long circulation and active targeting, leading to preferential internalization by tumor over fibroblast cells in vitro and higher tumor uptake than the red blood cell (RBC) membrane-coated counterpart. Preloading a photodynamic sensitizer into a synthetic nanocarrier shifts its absorption peak to longer wavelength, which favors deep tissue penetration. Upon irradiation with NIR light from a solar simulator at extremely low output power density, the platelet membrane-coated photodynamic-nanoparticle outperforms its RBC membrane-coated counterpart and effectively ablates tumor without causing skin damages, which underscores the importance of active targeting in tumor PDT. We anticipate that platelet membrane coating may facilitate the in vivo applications of antitumor photodynamic therapy. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  4. Isolation and functional characterization of peptide agonists of PTPRJ, a tyrosine phosphatase receptor endowed with tumor suppressor activity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paduano, Francesco; Ortuso, Francesco; Campiglia, Pietro; Raso, Cinzia; Iaccino, Enrico; Gaspari, Marco; Gaudio, Eugenio; Mangone, Graziella; Carotenuto, Alfonso; Bilotta, Anna; Narciso, Domenico; Palmieri, Camillo; Agosti, Valter; Artese, Anna; Gomez-Monterrey, Isabel; Sala, Marina; Cuda, Giovanni; Iuliano, Rodolfo; Perrotti, Nicola; Scala, Giuseppe; Viglietto, Giuseppe; Alcaro, Stefano; Croce, Carlo M; Novellino, Ettore; Fusco, Alfredo; Trapasso, Francesco

    2012-10-19

    PTPRJ is a receptor-type protein tyrosine phosphatase whose expression is strongly reduced in the majority of investigated cancer cell lines and tumor specimens. PTPRJ negatively interferes with mitogenic signals originating from several oncogenic receptor tyrosine kinases, including HGFR, PDGFR, RET, and VEGFR-2. Here we report the isolation and characterization of peptides from a random peptide phage display library that bind and activate PTPRJ. These agonist peptides, which are able to both circularize and form dimers in acqueous solution, were assayed for their biochemical and biological activity on both human cancer cells and primary endothelial cells (HeLa and HUVEC, respectively). Our results demonstrate that binding of PTPRJ-interacting peptides to cell cultures dramatically reduces the extent of both MAPK phosphorylation and total phosphotyrosine levels; conversely, they induce a significant increase of the cell cycle inhibitor p27(Kip1). Moreover, PTPRJ agonist peptides both reduce proliferation and trigger apoptosis of treated cells. Our data indicate that peptide agonists of PTPRJ positively modulate the PTPRJ activity and may lead to novel targeted anticancer therapies.

  5. Synthesis, characterization and biological evaluation of ureidofibrate-like derivatives endowed with peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor activity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Porcelli, L; Gilardi, F; Laghezza, A; Piemontese, L; Mitro, N; Azzariti, A; Altieri, F; Cervoni, L; Fracchiolla, G; Giudici, M; Guerrini, U; Lavecchia, A; Montanari, R; Di Giovanni, C; Paradiso, A; Pochetti, G; Simone, G M; Tortorella, P; Crestani, M; Loiodice, F

    2012-01-12

    A series of ureidofibrate-like derivatives was prepared and assayed for their PPAR functional activity. A calorimetric approach was used to characterize PPARγ-ligand interactions, and docking experiments and X-ray studies were performed to explain the observed potency and efficacy. R-1 and S-1 were selected to evaluate several aspects of their biological activity. In an adipogenic assay, both enantiomers increased the expression of PPARγ target genes and promoted the differentiation of 3T3-L1 fibroblasts to adipocytes. In vivo administration of these compounds to insulin resistant C57Bl/6J mice fed a high fat diet reduced visceral fat content and body weight. Examination of different metabolic parameters showed that R-1 and S-1 are insulin sensitizers. Notably, they also enhanced the expression of hepatic PPARα target genes indicating that their in vivo effects stemmed from an activation of both PPARα and γ. Finally, the capability of R-1 and S-1 to inhibit cellular proliferation in colon cancer cell lines was also evaluated.

  6. On the unitary transformation between non-quasifree and quasifree state spaces and its application to quantum field theory on curved spacetimes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gottschalk, Hanno [Bonn Univ. (Germany). Inst. fuer Angewandte Mathematik; Hack, Thomas-Paul [Hamburg Univ. (Germany). 2. Inst. fuer Theoretische Physik

    2009-12-15

    Using *-calculus on the dual of the Borchers-Uhlmann algebra endowed with a combinatorial co-product, we develop a method to calculate a unitary transformation relating the GNS representations of a non-quasifree and a quasifree state of the free hermitian scalar field. The motivation for such an analysis and a further result is the fact that a unitary transformation of this kind arises naturally in scattering theory on non-stationary backgrounds. Indeed, employing the perturbation theory of the Yang-Feldman equations with a free CCR field in a quasifree state as an initial condition and making use of extended Feynman graphs, we are able to calculate the Wightman functions of the interacting and outgoing fields in a {phi}{sup p}-theory on arbitrary curved spacetimes. A further examination then reveals two major features of the aforementioned theory: firstly, the interacting Wightman functions fulfil the basic axioms of hermiticity, invariance, spectrality (on stationary spacetimes), perturbative positivity, and locality. Secondly, the outgoing field is free and fulfils the CCR, but is in general not in a quasifree state in the case of a non-stationary spacetime. In order to obtain a sensible particle picture for the outgoing field and, hence, a description of the scattering process in terms of particles (in asymptotically flat spacetimes), it is thus necessary to compute a unitary transformation of the abovementioned type. (orig.)

  7. The Susan G. Komen for the Cure® Tissue Bank at the IU Simon Cancer Center: A Unique Resource for Defining the “Molecular Histology” of the Breast

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sherman, Mark E.; Figueroa, Jonine D.; Henry, Jill E.; Clare, Susan E.; Rufenbarger, Connie; Storniolo, Anna Maria

    2014-01-01

    “Molecular histology” of the breast may be conceptualized as encompassing the normative ranges of histological structure and marker expression in normal breast tissues in relation to a woman’s age and life experiences. Studies of molecular histology can aid our understanding of early events in breast carcinogenesis and provide data for comparison with diseased breast tissues. Until recently, lack of epidemiologically annotated, optimally prepared normal breast tissues obtained from healthy women presented a barrier to breast cancer research. The Komen Tissue Bank at Indiana University is a unique biorepository that was developed to overcome this limitation. The Bank enrolls healthy donors who provide questionnaire data, blood, and up to four breast biopsies, which are prepared as both formalin fixed paraffin embedded and frozen tissues. The resource is accessible to researchers worldwide through a proposal submission, review, and approval process. As of November 2010, the Bank had collected specimens and information from 1,174 donors. In this review, we discuss the importance of studying normal breast tissues, assess the strengths and limitations of studying normal tissues obtained from different sources, and summarize the features of the Komen Tissue Bank. As research projects are completed, results will be posted on the Bank’s website. PMID:22345117

  8. Shoot winter injury and nut cold tolerance: Possible limitations for American chestnut restoration in cold environments? In: Sniezko, Richard A.; Yanchuk, Alvin D.; Kliejunas, John T.; Palmieri, Katharine M.; Alexander, Janice M.; Frankel, Susan J., tech

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas M. Saielli; Paul G. Schaberg; Gary J. Hawley; Joshua M. Halman; Kendra M. Gurney

    2012-01-01

    Approximately 100 years ago, American chestnut (Castanea dentata (Marsh.) Borkh.) was rapidly removed as an overstory tree by the fungal pathogen Cryphonectria parasitica (the causal agent of chestnut blight). Currently, the most effective method of restoration involves the hybridization of American chestnut with the...

  9. A Book Review of Arts-Based and Contemplative Practices in Research and Teaching: Honoring Presence Edited by Susan Walsh, Barbara Bickel, and Carl Leggo, Published by Routledge, 2015

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John J Guiney Yallop

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available This book review of Arts-Based and Contemplative Practices in Research and Teaching: Honoring Presence is both a review of the work as well as a contemplation on the work. The reader is invited into the book through witnessing the impact reading the book had on this reviewer. Attention is given to each author’s contributions to the publication, noting how each chapter and each Lectio Divina (opportunities for contemplation between chapters calls us to pay attention.

  10. The Practice of Nursing Research: Appraisal, Synthesis, and Generation of Evidence - Seventh edition Grove Susan K The Practice of Nursing Research: Appraisal, Synthesis, and Generation of Evidence - Seventh edition 752pp Elsevier 9781455707362 1455707368 [Formula: see text].

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-03

    This classic research text has been updated for nursing students and those in nursing practice. Though a substantial book, it is easy to dip in and out of, covering a wide range of topics from the research process and analysing data to sampling and seeking funding.

  11. Trypsinogen test

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... like immunoreactivity; Serum trypsinogen; Immunoreactive trypsin Images Blood test References Forsmark CE. Chronic pancreatitis. In: Feldman M, Friedman LS, Brandt LJ, eds. Sleisenger and Fordtran's Gastrointestinal ...

  12. Wilson disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... nervous system and peripheral nervous system Copper urine test References Cox DW, Roberts EA. Wilson disease. In: Feldman M, Friedman LS, Brandt LJ, eds. Sleisenger and Fordtran's Gastrointestinal ...

  13. The missing link: Bordetella petrii is endowed with both the metabolic versatility of environmental bacteria and virulence traits of pathogenic Bordetellae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Schneiker-Bekel Susanne

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Bordetella petrii is the only environmental species hitherto found among the otherwise host-restricted and pathogenic members of the genus Bordetella. Phylogenetically, it connects the pathogenic Bordetellae and environmental bacteria of the genera Achromobacter and Alcaligenes, which are opportunistic pathogens. B. petrii strains have been isolated from very different environmental niches, including river sediment, polluted soil, marine sponges and a grass root. Recently, clinical isolates associated with bone degenerative disease or cystic fibrosis have also been described. Results In this manuscript we present the results of the analysis of the completely annotated genome sequence of the B. petrii strain DSMZ12804. B. petrii has a mosaic genome of 5,287,950 bp harboring numerous mobile genetic elements, including seven large genomic islands. Four of them are highly related to the clc element of Pseudomonas knackmussii B13, which encodes genes involved in the degradation of aromatics. Though being an environmental isolate, the sequenced B. petrii strain also encodes proteins related to virulence factors of the pathogenic Bordetellae, including the filamentous hemagglutinin, which is a major colonization factor of B. pertussis, and the master virulence regulator BvgAS. However, it lacks all known toxins of the pathogenic Bordetellae. Conclusion The genomic analysis suggests that B. petrii represents an evolutionary link between free-living environmental bacteria and the host-restricted obligate pathogenic Bordetellae. Its remarkable metabolic versatility may enable B. petrii to thrive in very different ecological niches.

  14. Herbicide resistance-endowing ACCase gene mutations in hexaploid wild oat (Avena fatua): insights into resistance evolution in a hexaploid species.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Q; Ahmad-Hamdani, M S; Han, H; Christoffers, M J; Powles, S B

    2013-03-01

    Many herbicide-resistant weed species are polyploids, but far too little about the evolution of resistance mutations in polyploids is understood. Hexaploid wild oat (Avena fatua) is a global crop weed and many populations have evolved herbicide resistance. We studied plastidic acetyl-coenzyme A carboxylase (ACCase)-inhibiting herbicide resistance in hexaploid wild oat and revealed that resistant individuals can express one, two or three different plastidic ACCase gene resistance mutations (Ile-1781-Leu, Asp-2078-Gly and Cys-2088-Arg). Using ACCase resistance mutations as molecular markers, combined with genetic, molecular and biochemical approaches, we found in individual resistant wild-oat plants that (1) up to three unlinked ACCase gene loci assort independently following Mendelian laws for disomic inheritance, (2) all three of these homoeologous ACCase genes were transcribed, with each able to carry its own mutation and (3) in a hexaploid background, each individual ACCase resistance mutation confers relatively low-level herbicide resistance, in contrast to high-level resistance conferred by the same mutations in unrelated diploid weed species of the Poaceae (grass) family. Low resistance conferred by individual ACCase resistance mutations is likely due to a dilution effect by susceptible ACCase expressed by homoeologs in hexaploid wild oat and/or differential expression of homoeologous ACCase gene copies. Thus, polyploidy in hexaploid wild oat may slow resistance evolution. Evidence of coexisting non-target-site resistance mechanisms among wild-oat populations was also revealed. In all, these results demonstrate that herbicide resistance and its evolution can be more complex in hexaploid wild oat than in unrelated diploid grass weeds. Our data provide a starting point for the daunting task of understanding resistance evolution in polyploids.

  15. Exploiting Surface Plasmon Resonance (SPR Technology for the Identification of Fibroblast Growth Factor-2 (FGF2 Antagonists Endowed with Antiangiogenic Activity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco Presta

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Angiogenesis, the process of new blood vessel formation, is implicated in various physiological/pathological conditions, including embryonic development, inflammation and tumor growth. Fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF2 is a heparin-binding angiogenic growth factor involved in various physiopathological processes, including tumor neovascularization. Accordingly, FGF2 is considered a target for antiangiogenic therapies. Thus, numerous natural/synthetic compounds have been tested for their capacity to bind and sequester FGF2 in the extracellular environment preventing its interaction with cellular receptors. We have exploited surface plasmon resonance (SPR technique in search for antiangiogenic FGF2 binders/antagonists. In this review we will summarize our experience in SPR-based angiogenesis research, with the aim to validate SPR as a first line screening for the identification of antiangiogenic compounds.

  16. Comparing Knowledge and Usage of ICT among Male and Female Distance Learners of an Endowed and Deprived Area in a Developing Country in Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kwapong, Olivia A. T. Frimpong

    2009-01-01

    Distance learning in developing countries has emerged as a way of widening access to education for tertiary applicants who qualify but could not otherwise gain admission due to the limited space in the existing tertiary institutions. The delivery of the program in Ghana, a developing country in Africa, is predominantly print-based and is supported…

  17. Modeling the Clustering of Distribution Centers around Amsterdam Airport Schiphol: location endowments, economies of agglomeration, locked-in logistics and policy implications

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    P.M.J. Warffemius (Pim)

    2007-01-01

    textabstractThis thesis deals with the explanation of why European Distribution Centers (EDCs) cluster around Amsterdam Airport Schiphol. We present and test a new model of the clustering of EDCs around the airport. The Netherlands is an attractive location for EDCs. Approximately one-half of all

  18. Latin American Literatures and Cultures: Self and Society. Papers from the National Endowment for the Humanities Summer Institute (La Jolla, California, August 1996).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seabrook, John H., Ed.

    1996-01-01

    This special issue contains the following articles: (1) "Critiquing the Center: Rigoberta Menchu and Enrique Dussel" (Joseph R. Hoff); (2) "Caroline Maria De Jesus: A Testimonial Voice in the Wilderness" (Eva Bueno); (3) "Latin American Women's Voices: La Malinche to Rigoberta Menchu" (Ana Maria Romo de Mease); (4) "China in Borges''The Garden of…

  19. Targeted and ultrasound-triggered cancer cell injury using perfluorocarbon emulsion-loaded liposomes endowed with cancer cell-targeting and fusogenic capabilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ninomiya, Kazuaki; Yamashita, Takahiro; Tanabe, Yamato; Imai, Miki; Takahashi, Kenji; Shimizu, Nobuaki

    2016-01-01

    This study investigated the targeting and ultrasound-triggered injury of cancer cells using anticancer drug-free liposomes that contained an emulsion of perfluoropentane (ePFC5) and were co-modified with avidin as a targeting ligand for cancer cells and the hemagglutinating virus of Japan (HVJ) envelope to promote liposome fusion with the cells. These liposomes are designated as ePFC5-loaded avidin/HVJ liposomes. ePFC5-loaded liposomes were sensitized to ultrasound irradiation. Liposomes modified with avidin alone (avidin liposomes) showed binding to MCF-7 human breast cancer cells, and liposomes modified with HVJ envelope alone (HVJ liposomes) were found to fuse with MCF-7 cells. The irradiation of MCF-7 cells with 1 MHz ultrasound (30s, 1.2 W/cm(2), duty ratio 30%) combined with ePFC5-loaded avidin/HVJ liposomes resulted in a decrease in cell viability at 1h after irradiation to 43% of that of controls without ultrasound irradiation or liposomes. The cell viability was lower than that of cells treated with ultrasound irradiation with ePFC5-loaded avidin liposomes or ePFC5-loaded HVJ liposomes. This indicates that co-modification of liposome with avidin and HVJ envelope could enhance ultrasound-induced cell injury in the presence of ePFC5-loaded liposomes. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  20. Ile-1781-Leu and Asp-2078-Gly Mutations in ACCase Gene, Endow Cross-resistance to APP, CHD, and PPZ in Phalaris minor from Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hugo Cruz-Hipolito

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Herbicides that inhibit acetyl coenzyme A carboxylase (ACCase are commonly used in Mexico to control weedy grasses such as little seed canarygrass (Phalaris minor. These herbicides are classified into three major families (ariloxyphenoxypropionates (APP, cyclohexanodiones (CHD, and, recently, phenylpyrazolines (PPZ. In this work, the resistance to ACCase (APP, CHD, and PPZ inhibiting herbicides was studied in a biotype of Phalaris minor (P. minor from Mexico, by carrying out bioassays at the whole-plant level and investigating the mechanism behind this resistance. Dose-response and ACCase in vitro activity assays showed cross-resistance to all ACCase herbicides used. There was no difference in the absorption, translocation, and metabolism of the 14C-diclofop-methyl between the R and S biotypes. The PCR generated CT domain fragments of ACCase from the R biotype and an S reference were sequenced and compared. The Ile-1781-Leu and Asp-2078-Gly point mutations were identified. These mutations could explain the loss of affinity for ACCase by the ACCase-inhibing herbicides. This is the first report showing that this substitution confers resistance to APP, CHD, and PPZ herbicides in P. minor from Mexico. The mutations have been described previously only in a few cases; however, this is the first study reporting on a pattern of cross-resistance with these mutations in P. minor. The findings could be useful for better management of resistant biotypes carrying similar mutations.

  1. Arhitektuuri sihtkapitali tegevuspreemia 2014 = The Endowment for architecture's prize for activity in the field of architecture 2014 / Epp Lankots, Andres Kurg ; kommenteerinud Ignar Fjuk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lankots, Epp, 1976-

    2015-01-01

    Eesti Kultuurkapitali Arhitektuuri sihtkapitali tegevuspreemia 2014: Epp Lankotsa doktoriväitekiri "Moodsa arhitektuuri kriitiline historiograafia. Modernsuse käsitlused Leo Gensi ja Leonhard Lapini arhitektuuriajaloolistes tekstides 1960.-1980. aastail"; Andres Kure doktoriväitekiri ""Boundary disruptions: late-soviet transformations in art, space and subjectivity in Tallinn 1968-1979" ("Segilöödud piirid, hilisnõukogude muutused kunstis, ruumis ja subjektsuses Tallinnas aastatel 1968-1979")

  2. H TOY θEOY ΔIA TΩN ARHONTΩN PROMHθEIA - Byzantine 15th century archontes and religious endowments: Two examples

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nikolić Maja

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Constantinopolitan aristocracy of the XV century was, in the different ways and for the various reasons, attached to many of the city's monasteries and churches. The article is about two capital monasteries, St. John The Forerunner in Petra and Christ Philanthropos Soter, and the connection of the illustrious families of Lascaris Leontares and Asanes/Philanthropenos to them. Two epitaphs, composed by John Eugenikos for their ktetors, Demetrios Lascaris Leontares and Isaakios Asanes, shed more light on the matter. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 177032: Tradicija, inovacija i identitet u vizantijskom svetu i br. 177015: Hrišćanska kultura na Balkanu u srednjem veku: Vizantijsko carstvo,Srbi i Bugari od 9. do 15. veka

  3. Research in the Arts: Proceedings of the Conference on Policy Related Studies of the National Endowment for the Arts (Baltimore, Maryland, December 7-9, 1977).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cwi, David, Ed.

    Summaries are presented of arts research projects and of conference workshops which reviewed the projects. These provide an important stock-taking of currently available data on the arts and review a variety of issues involved in improving the present situation. There are four major sections. The first section presents research on the artistic and…

  4. Signal integration at the PI3K-p85-XBP1 hub endows coagulation protease activated protein C with insulin-like function.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Madhusudhan, Thati; Wang, Hongjie; Ghosh, Sanchita; Dong, Wei; Kumar, Varun; Al-Dabet, Moh'd Mohanad; Manoharan, Jayakumar; Nazir, Sumra; Elwakiel, Ahmed; Bock, Fabian; Kohli, Shrey; Marquardt, Andi; Sögüt, Ibrahim; Shahzad, Khurrum; Müller, Andreas J; Esmon, Charles T; Nawroth, Peter P; Reiser, Jochen; Chavakis, Triantafyllos; Ruf, Wolfram; Isermann, Berend

    2017-09-21

    Coagulation proteases have increasingly recognized functions beyond hemostasis and thrombosis. Disruption of activated protein C (aPC) or insulin signaling impair function of podocytes and ultimately cause dysfunction of the glomerular filtration barrier and diabetic kidney disease (DKD). We here show that insulin and aPC converge on a common spliced-X-box binding protein-1 (sXBP1) signaling pathway to maintain endoplasmic reticulum (ER) homeostasis. Analogous to insulin, physiological levels of aPC maintain ER proteostasis in DKD. Accordingly, genetically impaired protein C activation exacerbates maladaptive ER response, whereas genetic or pharmacological restoration of aPC maintains ER proteostasis in DKD models. Importantly, in mice with podocyte-specific deficiency of insulin receptor (INSR), aPC selectively restores the activity of the cytoprotective ER-transcription factor sXBP1 by temporally targeting INSR downstream signaling intermediates, the regulatory subunits of PI3Kinase, p85α and p85β. Genome-wide mapping of condition-specific XBP1-transcriptional regulatory patterns confirmed that concordant unfolded protein response target genes are involved in maintenance of ER proteostasis by both insulin and aPC. Thus, aPC efficiently employs disengaged insulin signaling components to reconfigure ER signaling and restore proteostasis. These results identify ER reprogramming as a novel hormonelike function of coagulation proteases and demonstrate that targeting insulin signaling intermediates may be a feasible therapeutic approach ameliorating defective insulin signaling. © 2017 by The American Society of Hematology.

  5. Back Cover: Induction of an Infinite Periodic Minimal Surface by Endowing An Amphiphilic Zwitterion with Halogen-Bond Ability (ChemistryOpen 5/2016).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ichikawa, Takahiro; Okafuji, Akiyoshi; Kato, Takashi; Ohno, Hiroyuki

    2016-10-01

    The Back Cover picture illustrates the attachment of iodine atoms onto the headgroup of an amphiphilic zwitterion, which leads to the formation of a bicontinuous cubic liquid-crystalline assembly with a primitive-type infinite periodic minimal surface. More information can be found in the Communication by T. Ichikawa, H. Ohno and co-workers on page 439 in Issue 5, 2016 (DOI: 10.1002/open.201600054).

  6. 4,5-Dimethoxy-2-nitrobenzohydrazides and 1-(1-Benzylpiperidin-4-yl)ethan-1-ones as Potential Antioxidant/Cholinergic Endowed Small Molecule Leads.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banu, Rukhsar; Gerding, Jason; Franklin, Cynthia; Sikazwe, Donald; Horton, William; Török, Marianna; Davis, Julian; Cheng, Kwan H; Nakazwe, Muziya; Mochona, Bereket

    2017-12-21

    The objective of this research is to generate leads for developing our ultimate poly-active molecules with utility in central nervous system (CNS) diseases. Indeed, poly-active molecules capable of mitigating brain free radical damage while enhancing acetylcholine signaling (via cholinesterase inhibition) are still being sought for combating Alzheimer's disease (AD). We differentiate "poly-active" agents from "multi-target" ones by defining them as single molecular entities designed to target only specific contributory synergistic pharmacologies in a disease. For instance, in AD, free radicals either initiate or act in synergy with other pharmacologies, leading to disease worsening. For this preliminary report, a total of 14 (i.e., 4,5-dimethoxy-2-nitrobenzohydrazide plus 1-(1-benzylpiperidin-4-yl)ethan-1-one) derivatives were synthesized and screened, in silico and in vitro, for their ability to scavenge free radicals and inhibit acetylcholinesterase (AChE)/butyrylcholinesterase (BuChE) enzymes. Overall, six derivatives (4a, 4d, 4e, 4f, 4g, 9b) exhibited potent (>30%) antioxidant properties in the oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) assay. The antioxidant values were either comparable or more potent than the comparator molecules (ascorbic acid, resveratrol, and trolox). Only three compounds (4d, 9a, 9c) yielded modest AChE/BuChE inhibitions (>10%). Please note that a SciFinder substance data base search confirmed that most of the compounds reported herein are new, except 9a and 9c which are also commercially available.

  7. 4,5-Dimethoxy-2-nitrobenzohydrazides and 1-(1-Benzylpiperidin-4-ylethan-1-ones as Potential Antioxidant/Cholinergic Endowed Small Molecule Leads

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rukhsar Banu

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this research is to generate leads for developing our ultimate poly-active molecules with utility in central nervous system (CNS diseases. Indeed, poly-active molecules capable of mitigating brain free radical damage while enhancing acetylcholine signaling (via cholinesterase inhibition are still being sought for combating Alzheimer’s disease (AD. We differentiate “poly-active” agents from “multi-target” ones by defining them as single molecular entities designed to target only specific contributory synergistic pharmacologies in a disease. For instance, in AD, free radicals either initiate or act in synergy with other pharmacologies, leading to disease worsening. For this preliminary report, a total of 14 (i.e., 4,5-dimethoxy-2-nitrobenzohydrazide plus 1-(1-benzylpiperidin-4-ylethan-1-one derivatives were synthesized and screened, in silico and in vitro, for their ability to scavenge free radicals and inhibit acetylcholinesterase (AChE/butyrylcholinesterase (BuChE enzymes. Overall, six derivatives (4a, 4d, 4e, 4f, 4g, 9b exhibited potent (>30% antioxidant properties in the oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC assay. The antioxidant values were either comparable or more potent than the comparator molecules (ascorbic acid, resveratrol, and trolox. Only three compounds (4d, 9a, 9c yielded modest AChE/BuChE inhibitions (>10%. Please note that a SciFinder substance data base search confirmed that most of the compounds reported herein are new, except 9a and 9c which are also commercially available.

  8. Factor endowments, markets and vertical integration : the development of commercial wine production in Argentina, Australia and California, C1870-1914

    OpenAIRE

    Simpson, James

    2011-01-01

    Grape quality and the nature of market demand played a major role indetermining the organizational structure of the wine industry in the threedecades prior to 1914. In contrast to Europe where grape growing andwinemaking were specialist activities, in the New World winemaking andselling were often integrated. This encouraged the appearance of largeindustrial wineries producing wines that could be branded. Differenceswithin the New World itself can be attributable to the nature of demand and,i...

  9. Synergistic effects from graphene and carbon nanotubes endow ordered hierarchical structure foams with a combination of compressibility, super-elasticity and stability and potential application as pressure sensors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuang, Jun; Dai, Zhaohe; Liu, Luqi; Yang, Zhou; Jin, Ming; Zhang, Zhong

    2015-01-01

    Nanostructured carbon material based three-dimensional porous architectures have been increasingly developed for various applications, e.g. sensors, elastomer conductors, and energy storage devices. Maintaining architectures with good mechanical performance, including elasticity, load-bearing capacity, fatigue resistance and mechanical stability, is prerequisite for realizing these functions. Though graphene and CNT offer opportunities as nanoscale building blocks, it still remains a great challenge to achieve good mechanical performance in their microarchitectures because of the need to precisely control the structure at different scales. Herein, we fabricate a hierarchical honeycomb-like structured hybrid foam based on both graphene and CNT. The resulting materials possess excellent properties of combined high specific strength, elasticity and mechanical stability, which cannot be achieved in neat CNT and graphene foams. The improved mechanical properties are attributed to the synergistic-effect-induced highly organized, multi-scaled hierarchical architectures. Moreover, with their excellent electrical conductivity, we demonstrated that the hybrid foams could be used as pressure sensors in the fields related to artificial skin.

  10. β-Microseminoprotein endows post coital seminal plasma with potent candidacidal activity by a calcium- and pH-dependent mechanism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Edström Hägerwall, Anneli; Rydengård, Victoria; Fernlund, Per

    2012-01-01

    The innate immune factors controlling Candida albicans are mostly unknown. Vulvovaginal candidiasis is common in women and affects approximately 70-75% of all women at least once. Despite the propensity of Candida to colonize the vagina, transmission of Candida albicans following sexual intercourse...

  11. Crack arrestability of ship hull steel plate in accidental conditions: Application of high arrestability endowed ultra fine-grain surface layer steel

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ishikawa, Tadashi; Hagiwara, Yukito [Oita R and D Lab. (Japan); Oshita, Shigeru [Nippon Steel Corp., Oita (Japan). Oita Works; Inoue, Takehiro [Nippon Steel Corp., Futsu, Chiba (Japan). Steel Research Labs.; Hashimoto, Kunifumi; Kuroiwa, Takashi; Tada, Masuo [Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd., Nagasaki (Japan); Yajima, Hiroshi [Univ. of Hiroshima (Japan)

    1996-12-01

    A new type steel plate with ultra fine-grained surface layers (SUF steel) has been developed to improve crack arrestability. The application of this new type steel makes it possible to prevent catastrophic brittle fracture accidents of ship hull structures in emergency conditions, such as in serious collisions or groundings. It will reduce further the risk of casualties and environmental pollutions, caused by accidents of large crude oil carriers (VLCCs). The authors have investigated the validity for the application of the new type steel with ultra-high crack arrestability. Both computer simulations for collision of two VLCCs and large-scale fracture testings for crack arrestability have been carried out to study the accidental cases. The simulation results suggest that a collision generates a significant amount of plastic strain damage for the hull plate around a struck part. For example, the sheer strake plate near the struck part suffers 5 to 10% of plastic strain, before an inner-hull ruptures. Therefore, the effect of plastic strain (10% level) on crack arrestability of steel plates (the SUF plate and a conventional TMCP plate) was examined by standard ESSO tests, ultra wide-plate duplex ESSO tests, and sheer strake model tests. The test results are as follows: (1) Plastic strain deteriorates crack arrestability of steel plates. (2) Sufficient crack arrestability at 0 deg. C cannot be expected in the conventional TMCP steel plate plastically strained by about 10%. (3) The SUF plate maintains high crack arrestability even after introducing 10% plastic strain, at design temperature of 0 deg. C.

  12. Herbicide resistance-endowing ACCase gene mutations in hexaploid wild oat (Avena fatua): insights into resistance evolution in a hexaploid species

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Q; Ahmad-Hamdani, M S; Han, H; Christoffers, M J; Powles, S B

    2013-01-01

    Many herbicide-resistant weed species are polyploids, but far too little about the evolution of resistance mutations in polyploids is understood. Hexaploid wild oat (Avena fatua) is a global crop weed and many populations have evolved herbicide resistance. We studied plastidic acetyl-coenzyme A carboxylase (ACCase)-inhibiting herbicide resistance in hexaploid wild oat and revealed that resistant individuals can express one, two or three different plastidic ACCase gene resistance mutations (Ile-1781-Leu, Asp-2078-Gly and Cys-2088-Arg). Using ACCase resistance mutations as molecular markers, combined with genetic, molecular and biochemical approaches, we found in individual resistant wild-oat plants that (1) up to three unlinked ACCase gene loci assort independently following Mendelian laws for disomic inheritance, (2) all three of these homoeologous ACCase genes were transcribed, with each able to carry its own mutation and (3) in a hexaploid background, each individual ACCase resistance mutation confers relatively low-level herbicide resistance, in contrast to high-level resistance conferred by the same mutations in unrelated diploid weed species of the Poaceae (grass) family. Low resistance conferred by individual ACCase resistance mutations is likely due to a dilution effect by susceptible ACCase expressed by homoeologs in hexaploid wild oat and/or differential expression of homoeologous ACCase gene copies. Thus, polyploidy in hexaploid wild oat may slow resistance evolution. Evidence of coexisting non-target-site resistance mechanisms among wild-oat populations was also revealed. In all, these results demonstrate that herbicide resistance and its evolution can be more complex in hexaploid wild oat than in unrelated diploid grass weeds. Our data provide a starting point for the daunting task of understanding resistance evolution in polyploids. PMID:23047200

  13. 1, 3β-Glucan anchored, paclitaxel loaded chitosan nanocarrier endows enhanced hemocompatibility with efficient anti-glioblastoma stem cells therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Pankaj K; Srivastava, Anup K; Dev, Atul; Kaundal, Babita; Choudhury, Subhasree Roy; Karmakar, Surajit

    2018-01-15

    Recurrence of glioblastoma is one of the major concerns due to its heterogeneous nature and association of Glioma Initiating stem-like Cells (GICs). Nanoparticles mediated delivery of chemotherapeutic agent targeting both cancer and glioma stem cells could provide a solution to recurrent malignancies of the glioblastoma tumor. The approach described here provides enhanced chemotherapeutic potency utilizing 1,3β-Glucan as an outer shell to the chitosan nanoparticles (Cs-NPs) loaded with paclitaxel to prevent hemolysis with, the core-shell nano-structure (Cs-PTX-NP) enabling effective chemotherapy against malignant glioblastoma. The prepared nanoparticles (1,3β-Cs-PTX-NPs) with sustained release of the paclitaxel provide a targeted therapeutic approach that overcome systemic toxicities with the 1,3β-Glucan shell and improve drug bioavailability. Hemolysis investigation indicated that 1,3β-Cs-PTX-NP was significantly less hemolytic than paclitaxel enabling intravenous delivery. Also, 1,3β-Cs-PTX-NPs were considerably more cytotoxic (IC50) against glioma cancer LN18 cells and C6 stem-like cells compared with the PTX. In conclusion, this study found that 1,3β-Cs-PTX-NP addressed serious limitation with systemic delivery of paclitaxel by preventing hemolysis and providing chemotherapeutic delivery with significant anti-cancer efficacy against recurrent glioblastoma. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  14. The diabetogenic mouse MHC class II molecule I-A[subscript g7] is endowed with a switch that modulates TCR affinity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yoshida, Kenji; Corper, Adam L.; Herro, Rana; Jabri, Bana; Wilson, Ian A.; Teyton, Luc (Scripps); (UC)

    2011-11-16

    Genetic susceptibility to autoimmunity is frequently associated with specific MHC alleles. Diabetogenic MHC class II molecules, such as human HLA-DQ8 and mouse I-A{sub g7}, typically have a small, uncharged amino acid residue at position 57 of their {beta} chain ({beta}57); this results in the absence of a salt bridge between {beta}57 and Arg{alpha}76, which is adjacent to the P9 pocket of the peptide-binding groove. However, the influence of Arg{alpha}76 on the selection of the TCR repertoire remains unknown, particularly when the MHC molecule binds a peptide with a neutral amino acid residue at position P9. Here, we have shown that diabetogenic MHC class II molecules bound to a peptide with a neutral P9 residue primarily selected and expanded cells expressing TCRs bearing a negatively charged residue in the first segment of their complementarity determining region 3{beta}. The crystal structure of one such TCR in complex with I-A{sub g7} bound to a peptide containing a neutral P9 residue revealed that a network of favorable long-range (greater than 4 {angstrom}) electrostatic interactions existed among Arg{alpha}76, the neutral P9 residue, and TCR, which supported the substantially increased TCR/peptide-MHC affinity. This network could be modulated or switched to a lower affinity interaction by the introduction of a negative charge at position P9 of the peptide. Our results support the existence of a switch at residue {beta}57 of the I-Ag7 and HLA-DQ8 class II molecules and potentially link normal thymic TCR selection with abnormal peripheral behavior.

  15. Synergistic effects from graphene and carbon nanotubes endow ordered hierarchical structure foams with a combination of compressibility, super-elasticity and stability and potential application as pressure sensors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuang, Jun; Dai, Zhaohe; Liu, Luqi; Yang, Zhou; Jin, Ming; Zhang, Zhong

    2015-05-01

    Nanostructured carbon material based three-dimensional porous architectures have been increasingly developed for various applications, e.g. sensors, elastomer conductors, and energy storage devices. Maintaining architectures with good mechanical performance, including elasticity, load-bearing capacity, fatigue resistance and mechanical stability, is prerequisite for realizing these functions. Though graphene and CNT offer opportunities as nanoscale building blocks, it still remains a great challenge to achieve good mechanical performance in their microarchitectures because of the need to precisely control the structure at different scales. Herein, we fabricate a hierarchical honeycomb-like structured hybrid foam based on both graphene and CNT. The resulting materials possess excellent properties of combined high specific strength, elasticity and mechanical stability, which cannot be achieved in neat CNT and graphene foams. The improved mechanical properties are attributed to the synergistic-effect-induced highly organized, multi-scaled hierarchical architectures. Moreover, with their excellent electrical conductivity, we demonstrated that the hybrid foams could be used as pressure sensors in the fields related to artificial skin.Nanostructured carbon material based three-dimensional porous architectures have been increasingly developed for various applications, e.g. sensors, elastomer conductors, and energy storage devices. Maintaining architectures with good mechanical performance, including elasticity, load-bearing capacity, fatigue resistance and mechanical stability, is prerequisite for realizing these functions. Though graphene and CNT offer opportunities as nanoscale building blocks, it still remains a great challenge to achieve good mechanical performance in their microarchitectures because of the need to precisely control the structure at different scales. Herein, we fabricate a hierarchical honeycomb-like structured hybrid foam based on both graphene and CNT. The resulting materials possess excellent properties of combined high specific strength, elasticity and mechanical stability, which cannot be achieved in neat CNT and graphene foams. The improved mechanical properties are attributed to the synergistic-effect-induced highly organized, multi-scaled hierarchical architectures. Moreover, with their excellent electrical conductivity, we demonstrated that the hybrid foams could be used as pressure sensors in the fields related to artificial skin. Electronic supplementary information (ESI) available. See DOI: 10.1039/c5nr00841g

  16. Influence of interface properties on fracture behaviour of concrete

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    cement paste contains more porous microstructure. The addition of silica fume alters the pore structure in to more discontinuous and impermeable. The pore structure in the interface gets altered by the continuous hydration of Ca(OH)2 on aggregate surfaces (Cheng-yi & Feldman. 1985; Feldman 1986; Zimbelmann 1987).

  17. Analysis of Novel Prostate Cancer Biomarkers and Their Predictive Utility in an Active Surveillance Protocol

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-05-01

    LL, Burns MA, Taylor JL, He WL, Halpern EF, McDougal WS, Wu, CL. Metabolic characterization of human prostate cancer with tissue magnetic resonance...Opin Pediatr . 2006;18(2):139-47. 2. Feldman AS and McDougal WS. Inguinal Node Dissection for Penile Carcinoma. AUA Update. 2008. 3. Feldman AS

  18. nvj 36 2 new.cdr

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    GRAPHICS DEPT

    J.Vet Intern. Med,. 15:530-538. FELDMAN E. C. (2000). The cystic endometrial hyperplasia-pyometra complex and infertility in female dogs. In: ETTINGER. SJ AND FELDMAN E.C eds., Textbook of. Veterinary internal medicine-Disease of the dog th and cat, 5 ed.,vol.2,Philadelphia,USA: WB. Saunders Co. 1549-1550.

  19. Iron-Deficiency Anemia

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... coped with having iron-deficiency anemia. Prior to her diagnosis, Susan had symptoms such as tiredness, poor skin tone, dizziness, and depression. After her doctor diagnosed her with iron-deficiency anemia, Susan ...

  20. Program Development and Evaluation - Finance / Money Management

    OpenAIRE

    2004-01-01

    Karen Biers: Ca$hing in on Business Opportunities: A Curriculum for Building an Effective Home-Based and Micro Business Educational Program. Susan E. Cosgrove: Statewide Personal Financial Literacy Campaign. Susan Shockey: Financial Education Helps IDA Participants Save Money.

  1. 2011 Women in Defense (WID) National Fall Conference

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-19

    PANEL: “RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IN ACQUISITION: NEW LAWS, REGULATIONS AND DIRECTIVES” Moderator: Ms. Susan Ebner , Counsel, Buchanan Ingersoll...ACQUISITION: NEW LAWS, REGULATIONS AND DIRECTIVES” Moderator: u Ms. Susan Ebner , Counsel, Buchanan Ingersoll & Rooney PC Panelists: u Ms. Jennifer Schaus...Commendation Medal, Navy Achievement Medal with gold star and various unit citations, campaign medals and service medals. MS. SUSAN EBNER Counsel

  2. Gastric Bypass Surgery: Who Is It For?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... 730. Feldman M, et al. Surgical and endoscopic treatment of obesity. In: Sleisenger and Fordtran's Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease: Pathophysiology, Diagnosis, Management. 10th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2016. https:// ...

  3. Fecal immunochemical test (FIT)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... the FIT. References Itzkowitz SH, Potack J. Colonic polyps and polyposis syndromes. In: Feldman M, Friedman LS, Brandt LJ, eds. Sleisenger and Fordtran's Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease Pathophysiology/Diagnosis/Management . 10th ed. ...

  4. 78 FR 48547 - Appraisals for Higher-Priced Mortgage Loans-Supplemental Proposal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-08

    ...: http://www.FDIC.gov/regulations/laws/federal/propose.html . Mail: Robert E. Feldman, Executive... Baker and Robin LeBaron, Fair Mortgage Collaborative, Toward a Sustainable and Responsible Expansion of...

  5. 75 FR 36016 - Community Reinvestment Act Regulations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-24

    ... . Include the RIN number in the subject line of the message. Mail: Robert E. Feldman, Executive Secretary... Comptroller of the Currency, 250 E Street, SW., Washington, DC 20219. Board: Paul J. Robin, Manager, Reserve...

  6. Disease: H01143 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available lts from defective vitamin D receptors. Both diseases are rare autosomal recessive disorders characterized b...scription, gene) Malloy PJ, Feldman D Genetic disorders and defects in vitamin d

  7. Public Reporting and Market Area Exit Decisions by HHAs

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — According to authors Jung and Feldman, the introduction of Home Health Compare, a public reporting program initiated by Medicare in 2003, had a very small and weak...

  8. Reply to “Comment on ‘Ground motions from the 2015 Mw 7.8 Gorkha, Nepal, earthquake constrained by a detailed assessment of macroseismic data’ by Stacey S. Martin, Susan E. Hough, and Charleen Hung” by Andrea Tertulliani, Laura Graziani, Corrado Castellano, Alessandra Maramai, and Antonio Rossi

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Stacey S.; Hough, Susan E.

    2016-01-01

    We thank Andrea Tertulliani and his colleagues for their interest in our article on the 2015 Gorkha earthquake (Martin, Hough, et al., 2015), and for their comments pertaining to our study (Tertulliani et al., 2016). Indeed, as they note, a comprehensive assessment of macroseismic effects for an earthquake with far‐reaching effects as that of Gorkha is not only critically important but is also an extremely difficult undertaking. In the absence of a widely known web‐based system, employing a well‐calibrated algorithm with which to collect and systematically assess macroseismic information (e.g., Wald et al., 1999; Coppola et al., 2010; Bossu et al., 2015) in the Indian subcontinent, one is left with two approaches to characterize effects of an event such as the Gorkha earthquake: a comprehensive ground‐based survey such as the one undertaken in India following the 2001 Bhuj earthquake (Pande and Kayal, 2003), or an assessment such as Martin, Hough, et al. (2015) akin to other contemporary studies (e.g., Nuttli, 1973; Sieh, 1978; Meltzner and Wald, 1998; Martin and Szeliga, 2010; Ambraseys and Bilham, 2012; Mahajan et al., 2012; Gupta et al., 2013; Singh et al., 2013; Hough and Martin, 2015; Martin and Hough, 2015; Martin, Bradley, et al., 2015; Ribeiro et al., 2015), based primarily upon media reports and other available documentary accounts.

  9. Human Resource Management, 11th Edition International Student Version. By David A. DeCenzo, Stephen P. Robbins and Susan L. Verhulst, Wiley, 2013; 448 Pages. Price £54.99 / €66.00, ISBN 978-1-1183-7971-4

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shu-Kun Lin

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available The 11th Edition of Human Resource Management helps students understand and remember concepts through a straightforward and conversational writing style and a wealth of examples to clarify ideas and build interest. The authors provide a strong foundation of essential elements of Human Resource Management (HRM as well as a clear understanding of how Human Resource Management links with business strategy. Through practical applications, the authors illustrate the importance of employees on every level of the organization, helping students understand HRM elements such as recruitment, training, motivation, retention, safety, the legal environment, and how they support successful business strategies.

  10. Staffing an Academic Reference Desk with Librarians is not Cost-effective. A Review of: Ryan, Susan M. “Reference Transactions Analysis: The Cost-effectiveness of Staffing a Traditional Academic Reference Desk.” Journal of Academic Librarianship 34.5 (2008: 389-99.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cari Merkley

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective – To determine whether it is cost effective to staff an academic reference desk with librarians through an examination of the types of reference questions being asked and the qualifications required to answer them.Design – Content analysis of reference transaction logs and activity-based costing for reference services based on quantitative data derived from the logs.Setting – Stetson University, a private institution in the United States with an FTE of approximately 2500.Subjects – 6959 phone, email, and in-person reference transactions logged at the reference desk by four full-time and two part-time librarians.Methods – This study repurposes data originally collected to determine the frequency with which librarians turned to online versus print sources when responding to questions at the reference desk. Librarians working at the Stetson University library reference desk recorded all reference queries received in person, by phone, or by email for a total of eight months between 2002 and 2006. Data collection took place in two month intervals in fall 2002, spring 2003, spring 2006, and fall 2006. Each question and the sources used to address it were logged by the librarian. Directional questions that were not related to the library’s collections and technical questions dealing with printer or copier mechanical problems were counted, but the specifics of these questions were not recorded. It was felt that these queries would not yield data relevant to the original research question on sources used as they “did not directly relate to an information need” (391. A total of 6959 questions were logged by librarians during the four collection periods. Questions were recorded for only 4431 transactions; the remaining 2528 queries related to printer/copier problems or non-library specific directions and were described as “direction and machine: non- informational” (394. The 4431 recorded questions were then divided into four categories derived by the researcher: look-up (a search for a known item, directional (library-specific orientation to the space and collections, technology (assistance with using library technology and electronic resources, and reference. The category of reference was further subdivided into eight additional categories: catalogue search, citation help, database help, “guide to correct databases,” “personal knowledge or referral,” “quick internet search,” research, and Serials Solutions (392. “Guide to correct databases” referred to advice on the appropriate database to answer a question and serials solutions included questions that could be answered using the Serials Solutions product, such as the availability of a particular journal or article in the collection (392. Questions were assigned to the single most appropriate category by the researcher. Question categories were then mapped to “suggested staffing levels” (396. This determination was made by the researcher, and no details were given as to how the decision was made for each category. The three levels of staffing discussed were librarian, “trained student or staff,” and “well-trained staff/occasional librarian referral” (396. The cost of staffing the reference desk during the eight months captured in this study was calculated by multiplying the hours worked by each librarian by his/her individual average rate of pay across the four data collection periods. Indirect staff costs such as benefits were not included in this calculation. The average cost per reference transaction was determined by dividing the total salary costs by the total number of reference queries during the periods of study. Costs for those categories of questions best addressed by a librarian could then be determined. The actual number of librarians who participated in the study is unclear. The methodology refers to four full-time and two part-time librarians (391. However, later in the article there is reference to five full-time and three part-time librarians rather than the numbers initially stated (396. This may reflect staffing changes during the study period, with the first set of numbers referring to positions rather than individuals, but this cannot be verified with the evidence presented in the article.Main Results – It was determined that most questions asked at the reference desk during the study period could have been addressed by trained student and staff member rather than librarians. Only 11% (784 of questions logged were deemed sufficiently complex by the researcher to require the attention of a librarian. The remaining 6175 transactions (89% of all those logged could most likely be handled by a different staffing complement. According to Ryan, approximately 74% of the reference transactions, including directional, technology, “quick internet,” and known item searching questions could have been answered by “trained student and staff” (396. Questions on catalogue searching, databases, citations, Serial Solutions, and personal knowledge/referrals, representing approximately 15% of all questions, could have been handled by experienced and knowledgeable staff with limited librarian intervention. The complexity of the question was in part judged by the number of sources required to answer it, with most (75% answerable with just one source. The total cost of staffing the reference desk with librarians for the eight months studied was approximately US$49,328.00. A total of 6959 questions were logged during this period, resulting in an average cost of US$7.09 per reference transaction. This cost is approximate, as the exact time spent on each question was not recorded. The cost of answering “non-informational” directional and technical questions was the most significant (396. This category represented 36.3% of all questions received at the reference desk, with a total staffing cost of $17, 919.41 ($7.09 x 2528. “Information-orientated” directional and technology questions followed at 15.4% (US$7,620 and 12.4% (US$6,110.18 respectively (396. According to Ryan, questions in all three categories could be addressed by students and staff. The cost of addressing research questions, the only category requiring librarians, was US$5557.29. Research transactions were greatly outnumbered by directional and technology related questions. An average of 3.6 research questions were asked at the reference desk during the 12 hours it was open each day, compared to 20.8 directional/technical questions.Conclusion – The nature of questions logged at the Stetson University library reference desk suggests that it is inefficient to staff the desk with librarians, given the salary costs of such a staffing model and the fact that librarian’s skills may not be required to answer most of the questions posed. Since the number of questions that need a librarian is so low, Ryan suggests that alternative staffing and service models be considered, so the energies of librarians could be more effectively employed elsewhere in the organization in areas such as information literacy instruction and the development of enhanced web services. It is noted that any reorganization of reference services should be done in concert with user surveys, consultation with staff, and extensive training to prepare staff for new roles. Suggested areas for further research identified by the researcher include the quality of reference transactions in an increasingly online environment.

  11. Online Programs and Geographic Proximity are Key Determinants of Information Professionals’ Interest in Pursuing Post-Master’s Education at the Doctoral Level. A Review of: Powell, Ronald R. and Susan E. Boling. “Post-Master’s Educational Needs of Information Professionals.” Journal of Access Services 3.4 (2005: 29-43.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martha Ingrid Preddie

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective – To investigate post-master’s educational needs and interests of information professionals.Design – Survey research using print and electronic questionnaires.Setting – The geographic area surrounding Wayne State University in Michigan, United States of America.Subjects – Members of the library associations of Michigan, Ohio, Indiana, and Southwestern Ontario, Canada.Methods – Systematic random samples were derived from the membership lists of the library associations in Ohio, Indiana, and Southwestern Ontario. Paper questionnaires were mailed to those selected. Michigan Library Association’s official policy barred the release of its membership list to researchers. Consequently, announcements of the survey were placed in three successive issues of the Association’s electronic newsletter. Interested members were directed to a website to complete an electronic version of the questionnaire. This option was also extended to members of the other three library associations. The overall research question was investigated through specific questions that sought to ascertain the overall level of interest in professional library and information studies (LIS education, levels of interest in specific types of programs, factors that favoured or deterred enrolment in doctoral programs, as well as the fields of study that were preferred for combination with LIS in doctoral programs. With the exception of demographic type questions (e.g., place of residence and educational qualifications and two questions that required open ended responses, the questionnaire design encompassed questions with Likert scale type responses. Analysis of the responses included descriptive statistics, the use of Pearson chi square to determine statistically significant relationships, and, to a lesser extent, content analysis.Main Results – A total of 270 questionnaires(33% were returned from three populations: Ohio, Indiana, and Ontario. A self-selected sample of 101 members (6% of the Michigan Library Association responded. In general, almost 80% of the respondents admitted some importance to adding to their LIS qualification. However, only 41% felt that this was important or extremely important. From a choice of six educational offerings, namely, continuing education activities, non-degree master’s coursework, a second master’s degree, post-master’s certification, doctoral programs, and other, continuing education activities was the most valued, by 65.5% of the respondents. Participants were asked about their reasons, and the importance of these, for considering or deciding to enrol in an LIS doctoral program. The yearning to acquire knowledge was reported by 69.7% as the major reason, followed by 45.8% of the respondents who cited the wish to increase their income potential. In terms of major factors, prestige received the lowest rating, 21.1%. The time involved (73.8%, cost(66.3%, and distance from the program (63.2% were cited as the major deterrents to enrolling in doctoral programs. When asked about the likelihood of pursuing a doctoral LIS program in combination with business administration, computer science, or without any combination, “not likely” was the most popular choice. Those who were very likely or likely to pursue a joint program totalled approximately 30% of the respondents, while 37% indicated an interest in undertaking a doctorate in LIS only. The most frequent reasons proffered by those who selected “not likely” or “definitely not” for any of the three doctoral offerings included lack of interest, mitigating factors (e.g. time, cost, age, and program location, unfavourable cost/benefit analysis, preference for another area of knowledge,and the view that Ph.D.s were only useful for university faculty. Given the option to name subject areas that they desired to see combined with LIS in a doctoral program, 23 of 101 respondents proposed education, while 19 opted for public administration. A question inviting any other comments on the issue of post-master’s education yielded a predominant desire for “non traditional instruction,” particularly online courses as well as classes held in convenient locations. In terms of relationships between geographic location and factors that influenced interest in enrolling in a doctoral program, the desire “to become a more effective manager,” and “other” were statistically significant. The analysis also revealed a strong positive relationship between willingness to pursue an LIS-only doctoral program and the availability of such a program in geographic proximity. Similarly, there was a strong relationship between willingness to pursue an LIS program in close vicinity and the importance that was given to further LIS education.Conclusion – Online instruction and geographic proximity are key determinants of information professionals’ interest in pursuing post-master’s education at the doctoral level. Continuing education activities, non-degree coursework, and certificate programs are preferred over doctoral LIS programs, despite the finding that the major reason for enrolling in doctoral LIS programs is to fulfill the desire for knowledge acquisition. Schools offering Library and Information Science studies need to explore options for providing distance-education doctoral LIS programs as a means of reversing the current shortage of LIS faculty.

  12. Don't Let the Bulls Wreck the China Shop.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowen, Roger W.

    1996-01-01

    Despite a trend in successful endowment investment, college governing boards must carefully monitor the institution's endowment spending rate and not treat the endowment as a rainy-day fund. Shrinking endowments leave institutions financially vulnerable; administrators must be required to demonstrate how short-term excess draws on endowment will…

  13. Las dos dotaciones fundacionales del Monasterio de Santa María de la Concepción de Granada = The Two Founding Endowments of the Monastery of Santa Maria de la Concepción of Granada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan José Sánchez Carrasco

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo forma parte del proyecto I+D: «La propiedad aristocrática en la Granada nazarí y su traspaso a la sociedad castellana después de la conquista (siglos XIII-XVI» (HAR2015-64605-C2-2-P, que a su vez está integrado en un proyecto I+D coordinado titulado «Almunias del Occidente islámico». La finalidad es el estudio de almunias y otras fincas aristocráticas en al-Ándalus desde las perspectivas arqueológica, arquitectónica y documental.Para la elaboración del ensayo se ha realizado una exhaustiva búsqueda documental en archivos tanto granadinos como nacionales y se han empleado los datos de las publicaciones existentes sobre el monasterio que datan de los años 90 del pasado siglo.Se ha conseguido detallar los ingresos y ubicar algunas de las propiedades donadas a la orden, así como recoger los primeros 15 años de estancia de los monjes en Granada prestando especial atención a las relaciones entre los jerónimos y las élites islámicas y castellanas.This article is part of the Research and Development project, «Aristocratic Property in Nasrid Granada and its Transfer to Castilian Society after the Conquest (Thirteenth to Sixteenth centuries» (HAR2015-64605-C2-2-P, which in turn is part of a coordinated Research and Development Project entitled: «Almunias in Western Islam». The objective is the study of almunias and other properties of the aristocracy in al-Andalus from an archaeological, architectural, and documentary point of view. For this purpose, an exhaustive search for records has been undertaken both in the archives of Granada as well as in other national centres. Furthermore, data from publications dating from the nineteen-nineties concerning the monastery has also been utilized. The income and the location of certain properties donated to the order has been detailed in this study, as well as the monk’s first fifteen years of residence in Granada, paying particular attention to the links between the Hieronymites and the Islamic and Castilian elites.

  14. The Oxford Conference and Related Activities: A Report to the National Endowment for the Humanities on Grant No. HO-1111-1-01, 20 July 1966 - 14 November 1967.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Latimer, John Francis

    Preconference, conference, and post conference activities are described. The introduction of Latin into grades 6 and 7 of District of Columbia schools is discussed in the keynote address. Committee reports consider (1) Latin in grades 6, 7, and 8, (2) Latin curricula for levels 1 and 2, (3) teacher education, and (4) public relations. The largest…

  15. Factor endowments and foreign trade. Empirical evidence of the Leontief paradox for G5 countries; Boeki pattern no henka to yoso chikuseki. G5 shokoku ni kansuru Leontief paradox no kensho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sakurai, N. [Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry, Tokyo (Japan)

    1997-10-01

    The standard trade theory, the Hecksher-Ohlin-Vanek (HOV) model, was used to verify and analyze the relationship between comparative priority patterns in Japan and other industrialized nations and existence amount of each production factor (labor, material capitals, human capitals, and knowledge capitals) for the period between 1970 and the early 1990`s. Variation in the comparative priority in one country relates closely with the state of accumulation of each production factor. When the postwar economic growth in Japan is viewed, gradual level elevation has been realized from the developing country type economy mainly composed of simple labor to heavy chemical industrialization using material capitals as its axis, prosperity in machine industries based on skilled labor and human capitals (mainly in the 1970`s) and to the high-tech scene supported by active R&D investments (after the 1980`s). However, in order to maintain international competition edge into the future among the intensifying high-tech competitions between the nations of the world, improvement is indispensable in basics of knowledge capitals (scientific and fundamental researches and intelligent laborers), which is weaker than what it is in the United States. Japan is consistent with forecast of the HOV theorem in terms of a country blessed with skilled labor as of 1990, where the Leontief paradox may be dissolved, however partial it is. 50 refs., 1 fig., 10 tabs.

  16. Geometric Phases generated by the non-trivial spatial topology of static vector fields coupled to a neutral spin-endowed particle. Application to ^171Yb atoms trapped in a 2D optical lattice

    CERN Document Server

    Bouchiat, Marie-Anne

    2012-01-01

    We have constructed the geometric phases emerging from the non-trivial topology of a space-dependent magnetic field, interacting with the spin magnetic moment of a neutral particle. Our basic tool is the local unitary transformation which recasts the magnetic spin interaction under a diagonal form. Rewriting the kinetic term in the "rotated" frame requires the introduction of non-Abelian covariant derivatives, involving the gradients of the Euler angles which define the orientation of the local field. Within the rotated frame, we have built a perturbation scheme,assuming that the longitudinal non-Abelian field component dominates the transverse ones, to be evaluated to second-order. The geometry embedded in the longitudinal gauge vector field and its curl, the geometric magnetic field, is described by the associated Aharonov-Bohm phase. As an illustration, we study the physics of cold ^{171}Yb atoms dressed by two sets of circularly polarized beams, forming square or triangular 2D optical lattices. The geomet...

  17. HA117 endows HL60 cells with a stem-like signature by inhibiting the degradation of DNMT1 via its ability to down-regulate expression of the GGL domain of RGS6.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shuangshuang Li

    Full Text Available All-trans retinoic acid (ATRA induces complete remission in almost all patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL via its ability to induce the in vivo differentiation of APL blasts. However, prolonged ATRA treatment can result in drug resistance. In previous studies, we generated a multi-drug-resistant HL60/ATRA cell line and found it to contain a new drug resistance-related gene segment, HA117. In this study, we demonstrate that ATRA induces multi-drug-resistant subpopulations of HL60 cells with a putative stem-like signature by up-regulating the expression of the new gene segment HA117. Western blot analysis and quantitative real-time PCR demonstrated that HA117 causes alternative splicing of regulator of G-protein signaling 6 (RGS6 and down-regulation of the expression of the GGL domain of RGS6, which plays an important role in DNA methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1 degradation. Moreover, DNMT1 expression was increased in multi-drug resistance HL60/ATRA cells. Knockdown of HA117 restored expression of the GGL domain and blocked DNMT1 expression. Moreover, resistant cells displayed a putative stem-like signature with increased expression of cancer steam cell markers CD133 and CD123. The stem cell marker, Nanog, was significantly up-regulated. In conclusion, our study shows that HA117 potentially promotes the stem-like signature of the HL60/ATRA cell line by inhibiting by the ubiquitination and degradation of DNMT1 and by down-regulating the expression of the GGL domain of RGS6. These results throw light on the cellular events associated with the ATRA-induced multi-drug resistance phenotype in acute leukemia.

  18. Fathom Magazine, v. 8, no. 2, Summer 1996 22pp :Florida sharks

    OpenAIRE

    Humphreys, Jay; Sokol, Kelly Marie; Grantham, Susan; Hueter,Robert

    1996-01-01

    CONTENTS. Protecting the Predators, by Jay Humphrey. Economics Create Responsible Shark Management, by Jay Humphreys. The Healing Power of Sharks, by Kelly Marie Sokol. Shark! by Jay Humphreys. Florida's Sharks. Entering the Sharks' Environment, by Susan Grantham. Regulations Affect the Commercial Shark Fishing Industry, by Susan Grantham. Fishing for Information, by Susan Grantham. Tagging, not Bagging, by Robert Hueter, Mote Marine Laboratory. Shark Sites of In...

  19. A User’s Guide to BISAM (BIvariate SAMple): The Bivariate Data Modeling Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-08-01

    SU1Sam 842 EN*NE*OSSS :2. C 5 .... !0N SSU A S2S. SZ LUEN............S..A a&:. 55m CUNSSU A C2. 5 LUSENGUT.USYNSUSI SUSAN C21 THE 1S*VANNS*IT SUSAN4...SUSAN 142sS REAL YUNU.Y UA 2427 VUUUSUA 2429. 15. SUSAN 2S2 as TO 20SSA 2422. SD UUP SAN 2425 LP * .WIP I SSA 384 25 UIUU-P.TS sD TD

  20. The necessity of connection structures in neural models of variable binding.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van der Velde, Frank; de Kamps, Marc

    2015-08-01

    In his review of neural binding problems, Feldman (Cogn Neurodyn 7:1-11, 2013) addressed two types of models as solutions of (novel) variable binding. The one type uses labels such as phase synchrony of activation. The other ('connectivity based') type uses dedicated connections structures to achieve novel variable binding. Feldman argued that label (synchrony) based models are the only possible candidates to handle novel variable binding, whereas connectivity based models lack the flexibility required for that. We argue and illustrate that Feldman's analysis is incorrect. Contrary to his conclusion, connectivity based models are the only viable candidates for models of novel variable binding because they are the only type of models that can produce behavior. We will show that the label (synchrony) based models analyzed by Feldman are in fact examples of connectivity based models. Feldman's analysis that novel variable binding can be achieved without existing connection structures seems to result from analyzing the binding problem in a wrong frame of reference, in particular in an outside instead of the required inside frame of reference. Connectivity based models can be models of novel variable binding when they possess a connection structure that resembles a small-world network, as found in the brain. We will illustrate binding with this type of model with episode binding and the binding of words, including novel words, in sentence structures.

  1. The Handbook for Student Leadership Development. 2nd Edition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Komives, Susan R.; Dugan, John P.; Owen, Julie E.; Slack, Craig; Wagner, Wendy

    2011-01-01

    This is a must-have book for leadership educators and all student affairs professionals who want to develop impactful leadership programs and the leadership capacity of students. This book contains: (1) Advancing Leadership Education (Susan R. Komives); (2) Leadership Theories (John P. Dugan and Susan R. Komives); (3) Research on College Student…

  2. Coping with a Breast Cancer Diagnosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... regarding the accuracy, completeness, timeliness, quality or non-infringement of any of the materials, products or information provided by the organizations referenced herein. The Running Ribbon is a registered trademark of Susan G. Komen ® . ©2014 Susan G. Komen ® ...

  3. Breast Cancer in Men

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... regarding the accuracy, completeness, timeliness, quality or non-infringement of any of the materials, products or information provided by the organizations referenced herein. The Running Ribbon is a registered trademark of Susan G. Komen. © 2016 Susan G. Komen ® ...

  4. Breast Reconstruction and Prosthesis

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... regarding the accuracy, completeness, timeliness, quality or non-infringement of any of the materials, products or information provided by the organizations referenced herein. The Running Ribbon is a registered trademark of Susan G. Komen. © 2016 Susan G. Komen ® ...

  5. SAMJFoRUM

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    By Susan Lightman and Hamish Tawler. Fundamentals ofClinical. Ophthalmology. Series Editor: Susan Lightman. Pp. ix + 163. Illustrated. £42. BM]. 1998. ISBN 0-7279-1201-X. The recognition of the different patterns of uveitis is dependent primarily upon basic clinical skills, relying on the acquisition of a careful ophthalmic ...

  6. The Development of the C3 Framework

    Science.gov (United States)

    Social Education, 2013

    2013-01-01

    Susan Griffin, executive director of NCSS, was chair of the Task Force of Professional Organizations that initiated and guided the development of "The College, Career, and Civic Life (C3) Framework for Social Studies State Standards", which will soon be released. In this interview with "Social Education", Susan explains how the…

  7. Schedule Risk Event Driven Methodology (SREDM): FY13 Army Studies Program Project Findings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-01-01

    TRADOC Analysis Center ATRC-PR/ Susan Matus 255 Sedgwick Avenue Fort Leavenworth, KS 66027-2345 susan.g.matus.civ@mail.mil US...Army TRAC- White Sands Missile Range ATRC-W/Dr. Lambert Bldg 1400 Martin Luther King Drive White Sands Missile Range, NM 88002-5502

  8. Army Independent Risk Assessment Guidebook

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-04-01

    Rd. Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD 21005-5071 US Army TRADOC Analysis Center ATRC-PR/ Susan Matus 255 Sedgwick Avenue Fort Leavenworth, KS...66027-2345 susan.g.matus.civ@mail.mil US Army TRAC- White Sands Missile Range ATRC-W/Dr. Lambert Bldg 1400 Martin Luther King Drive White

  9. Sadhana | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Sadhana. SEBA SUSAN. Articles written in Sadhana. Volume 41 Issue 12 December 2016 pp 1393-1406. Image coding based on maximum entropy partitioning for identifying improbable intensities related to facial expressions · SEBA SUSAN NANDINI AGGARWAL SHEFALI CHAND AYUSH GUPTA.

  10. Mitigating Information Overload: The Impact of "Context-Based Approach" to the Design of Tools for Intelligence Analysts

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-03-01

    Reference Meetings Allen G. Schick, Lawrence A. Gordon, and Susan Haka , “Information overload: A temporal approach,” Accounting Organizations and...conversations Allen G. Schick, Lawrence A. Gordon, and Susan Haka , “Information overload: A temporal approach,” Accounting Organizations and

  11. An Analysis of the Purpose and Development of Management Reserve.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1995-09-01

    first article reviewed was "Participative Budgeting and Managerial Performance" by Peter Chalos and Susan Haka . Their study examined two hypotheses...Susan Haka . "Participative Budgeting and Managerial Performance," Decision Sciences, Vol. 20: 334-347. 3. Department of Defense. Cost/Schedule

  12. Big Data for Education: Data Mining, Data Analytics, and Web Dashboards. Governance Studies at Brookings

    Science.gov (United States)

    West, Darrell M.

    2012-01-01

    Twelve-year-old Susan took a course designed to improve her reading skills. She read short stories and the teacher would give her and her fellow students a written test every other week measuring vocabulary and reading comprehension. A few days later, Susan's instructor graded the paper and returned her exam. The test showed that she did well on…

  13. Iron-Deficiency Anemia

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... shows how Susan, a full-time worker and student, has coped with having iron-deficiency anemia. Prior to her diagnosis, Susan had symptoms such as tiredness, poor skin tone, dizziness, and depression. After her doctor diagnosed her with iron-deficiency ...

  14. Vitamin D, Vitamin D Receptor Polymorphisms and Breast Cancer Aggressiveness in African American and European American Women

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-01

    Ruszczyk, Gregory Ciupak, Warren Davis, Helena Hwang, Susan McCann, Elisa Bandera , Christine Ambrosone Common single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in...Sucheston, Jyoti Shankar, Michelle Roberts, Melanie Ruszczyk, Gregory Ciupak, Warren Davis, Helena Hwang, Susan McCann, Elisa Bandera , Christine Ambrosone

  15. Fed up: winning the war against childhood obesity

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Okie, Susan

    2005-01-01

    .... Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Okie, Susan. Fed up! : winning the war against childhood obesity / Susan Okie. p. ; cm. Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN 0-309-09310-4 (hardcover) 1. Obesity in children- United States. 2. Obesity in children- United States- Prevention. [DNLM: 1. Obesity- epidemiology- United ...

  16. The Collocation Policy: A Useful Personnel Assignment Policy for Those Who Don’t Understand Counterinsurgencies

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-02-20

    the Navy, SECNAVINST 1300.12C, December 28, 2005), 4.  12 Susan Dominus. “The War’s Deadliest Day for Women,” Glamour , May 1, 2006. http...January 4, 2009). Dominus, Susan. “The War’s Deadliest Day for Women,” Glamour , May 1, 2006. http://www.leatherneck.com/forums/ showthread.php?t

  17. Representing Evil

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holm, Henrik

    2008-01-01

    Analyse af billedmateriale, der forholder sig til krig, især krigen mod terror, med afsæt i Alain Badiou, Jürgen Habermas og Susan Sontag.......Analyse af billedmateriale, der forholder sig til krig, især krigen mod terror, med afsæt i Alain Badiou, Jürgen Habermas og Susan Sontag....

  18. A 9-Year-Old Girl Discovers That Her Mother Was Murdered.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schonfeld, David J; Shekunov, Julia; Jellinek, Michael; Stein, Martin T

    Susan was a 9-year-old girl living with her mother; she had never met her father. Her mother returned one evening from her job as a cocktail waitress and Susan met her at the apartment door to let her know they had run out of cat food. Her mother said she would go and buy some the next morning because it was late and she was tired, but Susan insisted she go out that evening because the cat had not eaten all day. Her mother was fatally shot in the parking lot of the convenience store shortly thereafter; since there was no robbery involved, the police suspected it was someone that she knew. Susan's extended family had her move out of the apartment that evening and relocate to live with her aunt and uncle out-of-state. The transition happened quickly. Susan was unable to return to her apartment to pick up any additional belongings and never returned to say goodbye to her friends. The family decided she was too young to attend the funeral.Susan had trouble fitting in with her aunt and uncle's family; they had 2 children who were 8 and 6 years old, and Susan felt she was being treated like a baby. She resented having a bedtime (her mother allowed her to stay up as late as she wished), and she complained that the work at school was boring and her classmates were childish. When the family went to a festival in town, she left abruptly without telling them, which frightened Susan's aunt and uncle. They wanted to be supportive but felt that she needed more structure than her mother had provided her. Susan's aunt and uncle sought bereavement support for Susan from her pediatrician and parenting advice for themselves.

  19. Healthcare Coverage and Disability Evaluation for Reserve Component Personnel: Research for the 11th Quadrennial Review of Military Compensation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    especially income. Other studies have shown a strong relationship between income and being insured (Gruber, 2008; Abra- ham and Feldman , 2010). The...Traumatic brain injury (TBI) 0.0948 0.0133 0.2201 0.0289 PTSD 0.1117 0.0089 0.1159 0.0199 63 Bibliography Abraham, J. M., and R. Feldman , “Taking Up...Amitabh, Jonathan Gruber, and Robin McKnight, “The Importance of the Individual Mandate—Evidence from Massachusetts,” New England Journal of

  20. Frequentist analyses of solar neutrino data

    CERN Document Server

    Creminelli, P; Strumia, A; Creminelli, Paolo; Signorelli, Giovanni; Strumia, Alessandro

    2001-01-01

    The solar neutrino data are analyzed in a frequentist framework, using the Crow-Gardner and Feldman-Cousins prescriptions for the construction of confidence regions. Including in the fit only the total rates measured by the various experiments, both methods give results similar to the commonly used Delta chi^2-cut approximation. When fitting the full data set, the Delta chi^2-cut still gives a good approximation of the Feldman-Cousins regions. However, a careful statistical analysis significantly reduces the goodness-of-fit of the SMA and LOW solutions.

  1. Ovarian Sertoli-Leydig Cell Tumor with Elevated Inhibin B As a Cause of Secondary Amenorrhea in Adolescents with Germline DICER1 Mutation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-04-06

    DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE 59TH MEDICAL W ING (AETC) JOINT BASE SAN ANTON IO - LACKLAND TEXAS MEMORANDUM FOR SGOBS A TIN: MAJ SUSAN WHITEW A Y...CLINICAL RESEARCH 2. FROM: (Author’s Name. Rank. Grade, Office Symbol) 3. GMEJGHSE STUDENT: 4. PROTOCOL NUMBER: Susan Whitcway, Maj , 0-4, SGOBS DYES 181...c. Snitchler, A ndrea 0-5/C DR DCSS U S Naval H ospital, Naples d. Whitcway, Susan L 0-4/ Maj 9 59MDOS/959MDG/ SGOBS 59MDW e. 17. IS A 502 ISG/JAC

  2. Inflow Measurements Made with a Laser Velocimeter on a Helicopter Model in Forward Flight. Volume 7. Rectangular Planform Blades at an Advance Ratio of 0.40

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-04-01

    IIELICOIPTER MODEL IN FORWARD FLIGH-T Volume VII: RECTANGULAR PLANFORM BLAD)ES AT AN ADVANCI RAIO OF10.40(A( Danny R. -load, Susan L. Althoff , and Joe W...Organization Report No. Danny R. Hoad, Susan L. Althoff , Joe W. Elliott, and Richard H. Sailey 10. Work Unit No. 9. Performing Organization Name and Address...and 14 Sponsoring Agency Code US Army Aviation Systems Comnand St. Louis, INK) 63120-1798 15. Supplementary Notes Danny R. Hoad, Susan L. Althoff , and

  3. Burns and Fire Safety

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Cairns BA, et al. Etiology and outcome of pediatric burns. J Pediatr Surg. 1996; 31(3): 329-33. ... RT, Feldman JA, McMillon M. Tap water scald burns in children. Pediatrics. 1978; 62(1): 1-7. 10 Baptiste MS, ...

  4. Intellectual Issues in the History of Artificial Intelligence

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-10-28

    being knowledge-intensive programs. [Goldstein and Papert , 1977.] It may be doubted that these changes amounted to an actual paradigm shift. What...Edward A. and Feldman, Julian (Eds.). Computers and Thought. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1963. Goldstein, Ira and Papert , Seymour. Artificial intelligence

  5. 350 An Appraisal of the Axiological Dimension of Sexual ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    User

    yet some standards to beauty. In other words, the whole notion of permissive sexual relationship amongst adolescents has its aesthetical implication. References. Brooks-Gun, J. & Reiter, E. (1990) “The Role of Pubertal Processes” In S. Feldman & G. Elliot (Eds), At the threshold: the developing adolescent. Cambridge ...

  6. Erectile dysfunction: prevalence, risk factors and involvement of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    8. Hoffmann WF. The behavioral side effects of the anti- hypertensive agents. Am Fam Physician. 1981; 23(2):. 213-216. 9. Johannes CB, Araujo AB, Feldman HA, Derby CA,. Kleinman KP, McKinlay JB. Incidence of erectile dysfunction in men 40 to 69 years old: longitudinal results from the Massachusetts male aging study.

  7. The necessity of connection structures in neural models of variable binding

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Velde, Frank; van der Velde, Frank; de Kamps, Marc

    2015-01-01

    In his review of neural binding problems, Feldman (Cogn Neurodyn 7:1–11, 2013) addressed two types of models as solutions of (novel) variable binding. The one type uses labels such as phase synchrony of activation. The other (‘connectivity based’) type uses dedicated connections structures to

  8. Analysis of Novel Prostate Cancer Biomarkers and their Predictive Utility in an Active Surveillance Protocol

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-05-01

    with ≤20% in each core, and PSA ᝺. Our AS follow-up protocol involves PSA testing and a digital rectal examination every four months for one year...355-61. 15. Sheth RA, Feldman AS, Walker TG. Renoduodenal Fistula After Transcatheter Embolization of Renal Angiomyolipoma. Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol

  9. dependent/calmodulin- stimulated protein kinase from moss ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Unknown

    lin-dependent protein kinase homolog; Planta 203 S91–. S97. Lu Y-T, Hidaka H and Feldman L J 1996 Characterization of a calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase homolog from maize roots showing light-regulated gravitropism; Planta. 199 18–24. Mitra D and Johri M M 2000 Enhanced expression of a cal-.

  10. in silico Vascular Modeling for Personalized Nanoparticle Delivery

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-01

    Eq.(9)); and a Robin -type boundary condition (Eq.(10)), a combination of the Dirichlet and Neumann conditions, was prescribed at the rigid wall...Sciences 1971;177(1046): 109-33. 42. Feldman CL, Ilegbusi OJ, Hu Z, Nesto R, Waxman S, Stone PH. Determination of in vivo velocity and endothelial

  11. Invited Speaker Support for SBP Conference Series (SBP 2014) held in April, 2014 in Washington, DC.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-07-23

    Robin Baker and Paul Burns Break 9:30 AM Refreshments: muffins, bagels, hardcooked eggs, fruit, beverages Keynote 10:00 AM Keynote by...Emoticon Use in First and Second Languages Cecilia Aragon, Nan-Chen Chen, Judith Kroll and Laurie Feldman SBP Poster Social Maintenance and

  12. Browse Title Index - African Journals Online

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Andrew Boulle, Christopher Kenyon, Jolene Skordis, Robin Wood. Vol 103, No 7 (2013), Exponential increase in postprandial blood-glucose exposure ... C Feldman, C Smith, S Kaka, P de Jong, A Goolam Mahomed, A Frankel, H.J. Koornhof. Vol 103, No 6 (2013), Factors associated with contraceptive use in a rural area in ...

  13. Music and Wellbeing in Everyday Life: An Exploratory Study of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-12-16

    Dec 16, 2016 ... ESM has been widely applied in psychological research (Christensen, Feldman Barrett, Bliss-Moreau, ... everyday music experience within the social psychology of music (e.g., Helsing, 2012; Hanser,. 2010 ..... alone they reported a greater increase in alertness, happiness, connectedness, interestedness,.

  14. The Egg with Two Yellows

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Srimath

    the findings of Franz Boas, Frank A Brown Jr,. Vincent Dethier, Henri Fabré, Jerry Feldman,. Karl von Frisch, Sigmund Freud, Francis. Galton, Karl Hamner, Konrad Lorenz, Ivan. Pavlov, B F Skinner, Roger Sperry, Niko. Tinbergen, John Watson, E O Wilson and. Ludwig Wittgenstein and make them to relate intellectually.

  15. Cluster evolution and a roadmap for future research

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boschma, R.A.; Fornahl, D.

    2011-01-01

    There is increasing recognition that the existence of clusters can only be understood when studying their dynamics over time (Audretsch and Feldman 1996; Pouder and St. John 1996; Swann et al. 1998; Maggioni 2002; Brenner 2004; Iammarino and McCann 2006; Menzel and Fornahl 2010; Ter Wal and Boschma

  16. Evaluation of the Eiken latex agglutination test for anti-Toxoplasma antibodies and seroprevalence of Toxoplasma infection among factory workers in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Woldemichael, T.; Fontanet, A. L.; Sahlu, T.; Gilis, H.; Messele, T.; Rinke de Wit, T. F.; Yeneneh, H.; Coutinho, R. A.; van Gool, T.

    1998-01-01

    Sera from 170 factory workers aged 18-45 years enrolled in a pilot study of human immunodeficiency virus 1 (HIV-1) infection in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, were screened for anti-Toxoplasma immunoglobulin G antibodies by the Sabin-Feldman test (reference standard) and the Eiken latex agglutination test

  17. IPV among Adolescent Reproductive Health Patients: The Role of Relationship Communication

    Science.gov (United States)

    Messinger, Adam M.; Davidson, Leslie L.; Rickert, Vaughn I.

    2011-01-01

    Population-specific data on factors that affect intimate partner violence (IPV) are needed on female adolescents and young adults, a cohort at greatest risk of IPV in the United States (Rennison, 2001). Studies have frequently overlooked the role of relationship communication as a gatekeeper to IPV (Ridley & Feldman, 2003). To address this…

  18. Effect of Insulin on Visuo-Spatial Memory and Histology of Cerebral ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    olayemitoyin

    block. Nitric oxide has a role in insulin-induced memory impairment. Insulin ... potentiation (LTP) and long-term depression (LTD). (Feldman ... index of cognition. The water was changed after trial each day of the experiment. An overhead video camera. (Handycam, SONY, Japan) recorded movement of the mice for later ...

  19. Colonoscopy

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... diagnostic. In: Chernecky CC, Berger BJ, eds. Laboratory Tests and Diagnostic Procedures . 6th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2013:358-359. Itzkowitz SH, Potack J. Colonic polyps and polyposis syndromes. In: Feldman M, Friedman LS, Brandt LJ, eds. Sleisenger and Fordtran's Gastrointestinal ...

  20. Autonomy, Educational Plans, and Self-Esteem in Institution-Reared and Home-Reared Teenagers in Estonia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tulviste, Tiia

    2011-01-01

    The study examines autonomy, self-esteem, and educational plans for the future of 109 institution-reared and 106 home-reared teenagers (15-19 years). Teenagers were asked to complete the Teen Timetable Scale (Feldman & Rosenthal), two Emotional Autonomy Scales (Steinberg & Silverberg), the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, and answer questions…

  1. Nicchie ecologiche e nicchia ontologica. Una riflessione tra le teorie della niche construction e la Lichtung di Peter Sloterdijk

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Massimiliano Latina

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to examine in depth and to compare some latest developments in the field of Biological Sciences and Philosophy about the concept of “Space”. In particular it reports the theories of niche construction by F. J. Odling-Smee, K. N. Laland and M. W. Feldman compared with the thought of contemporary German philosopher Peter Sloterdijk.

  2. The Occupational Health Nurse (OHN) and the Implications for Nursing Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-01-01

    Andriole, D. A. (1991). Nonpalpable breast lesions : Evaluation and management of the asymptomatic patient with a mammographic abnormality. Journal of the...neuropathy in patients with anorexia nervosa . Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 70(12), 827-30. Magnes, S. A., & Feldman, A. (1991). Knee

  3. Page 1 40 K. Ganapathi and (Mrs.) Alamela Venkataraman ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Marshall, Litchfield and J. Pharm. & Exp. Therap., 1940, 69, 89, 166,. White -. 2. Feldman and Hinshaw ... J. Amer. Med. Assoc., 1941, 117, 1066. ——, Hinshaw and Moses Amer. Rev. Tuberc., 1942, 45, 303 ; 1943, 46, 64. Hinshaw and Moses ... Arch. Pathol., 1943, 36, 64. Smith, Rosenthal and U. S. Pub. H/th. Rep., 1942 ...

  4. An American Century of Roots and Signposts in Gifted and Talented Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stewart, Emily D.

    1999-01-01

    This article describes critical events that have shaped gifted education, including: deployment of Sputnik, Lewis Terman's giftedness definition, the Marland Report, Joseph Renzulli's inclusion of creativity, Talents Unlimited, Howard Gardner's multiple intelligences theory, David Feldman's use of developmental psychology in assessment, Sandra…

  5. Breastfeeding - self-care

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... pills or shots, and IUDs are safe and effective. Breastfeeding delays the return of normal menstrual periods. Your ... gov/pubmed/23178059 . Feldman-Winter L. Evidence-based interventions to support breastfeeding. Pediatr Clin North Am . 2013;60(1):169- ...

  6. South African Medical Journal - Vol 83, No 9 (1993)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Factors associated with airway colonisation and invasion due to Klebsiella spp. EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. C Feldman, C Smith, S Kaka, P de Jong, A Goolam Mahomed, A Frankel, H.J. Koornhof, 643-646 ...

  7. Sam Karlin: a personal appreciation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bodmer, Walter

    2009-06-01

    In the 1960s Karlin and Bodmer established an active programme in mathematical population genetics with NIH support that, in turn, supported the work of Ewens and Feldman with Karlin. Subsequently Karlin established a similar programme in Israel. The overall contributions of Karlin to population genetics and molecular biology are briefly reviewed from a personal perspective.

  8. 78 FR 71594 - Free Flow Power Missouri 2, LLC; Notice of Application Tendered for Filing With the Commission...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-29

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Free Flow Power Missouri 2, LLC; Notice of Application Tendered for Filing... Contact: Mr. Thomas Feldman, Vice President of Project Development, Free Flow Power Corporation, 239... Application: Major. b. Project No.: P-13703-002. c. Date filed: November 13, 2013. d. Applicant: Free Flow...

  9. 78 FR 71593 - Free Flow Power Missouri 2, LLC; Notice of Application Tendered for Filing With the Commission...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-29

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Free Flow Power Missouri 2, LLC; Notice of Application Tendered for Filing...). h. Applicant Contact: Mr. Thomas Feldman, Vice President of Project Development, Free Flow Power... Application: Major. b. Project No.: P-13702-002. c. Date filed: November 13, 2013. d. Applicant: Free Flow...

  10. 78 FR 71592 - Free Flow Power Missouri 2, LLC; Notice of Application Tendered for Filing With the Commission...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-29

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Free Flow Power Missouri 2, LLC; Notice of Application Tendered for Filing...). h. Applicant Contact: Mr. Thomas Feldman, Vice President of Project Development, Free Flow Power... Application: Major. b. Project No.: P-13701-002. c. Date filed: November 13, 2013. d. Applicant: Free Flow...

  11. The Effect of Major Organizational Policy on Employee Attitudes Toward Graduate Degrees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-03-01

    management skills development. Human Resource Management, 32(2-3), 325-351. Herzberg , Frederick , Mausner, Bernard, & Snyderman, Barabara Bloch (1959...Moreover, need for achievement from motivation theory ( Herzberg , Mausner, & Snyderman, 1959), which describes people who “set goals that are...employee attitudes (Feldman & Bolino, 2000). More specifically, motivation theory as developed by Herzberg et al. (1959) states that the needs of

  12. Page 1 410 R Mallikarjunan and J C Sehra The zirconium required ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    each successive cycle and requires extreme care in handling. The Newnham Process was scaled to pilot plant operation by the National Distillers and Chemical Corporation (Frampton and Feldman 1968). In these Studies, these gº authors have observed ZrCl3 to be a satisfactory reducing agent, provided that the.

  13. An Analysis of Military Use of Commercial Satellite Communications

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-09-01

    allowing multiple satellites to be launched at the same time (from two to seven depending on the launch vehicle). Initially a colossal economic... Rhodes , C., Scheiern, M., Feldman, P., Frelinger, D., Uy, R. (2000). Employing Commercial Satellite Communications: Wideband Investment Options for

  14. Equitable Research: A Bridge Too Far?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walls, Leon

    2017-01-01

    This paper is written in response to Angela Chapman and Allan Feldman's research study, "Cultivation of science identity through authentic science in an urban high school [classroom]". I utilize this forum piece to extend the call for "awakening a dialogue" that critically assesses the effectiveness of current K-12 science…

  15. Esophageal pH monitoring

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Esophageal pH monitoring References Katzka DA, Falk G. Diseases of the esophagus. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman-Cecil Medicine . 25th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2016:chap ... Gastroesophageal reflux disease. In: Feldman M, Friedman LS, Brandt LJ, eds. ...

  16. Esophagitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... stomach anatomy Esophagus References Falk GW, Katzka DA. Diseases of the esophagus. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman-Cecil Medicine . 25th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2016:chap ... Gastroesophageal reflux disease. In: Feldman M, Friedman LS, Brandt LJ, eds. ...

  17. The draughtsman's contract

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van Geert, P

    1997-01-01

    This commentary on Feldman and Fowler's The Nature(s) of developmental change addresses three issues. First, it discusses the concept of a "portfolio theory" and argues that the authors' nonuniversal developmental theory is such a theory and that it adds relevant insights to the existing

  18. The EUV Spectrum of Sunspot Plumes Observed by SUMER on ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    tribpo

    J. Astrophys. Astr. (2000) 21, .397-401. The EUV Spectrum of Sunspot Plumes Observed by SUMER on. SOHO. W. Curdt,. 1. B. N. Dwivedi. 2. & U. Feldman. 3. 1. Max-Planck-Institut für Aeronomie, D-37191, Katlenburg-Lindau, Germany. 2. Department of Applied Physics, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi-221005, India.

  19. Fighting the Drug War.

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Journal of State Government, 1990

    1990-01-01

    All nine articles in this periodical issue focus on the theme of the war against illegal drug use, approaching the topic from a variety of perspectives. The articles are: "The Drug War: Meeting the Challenge" (Stanley E. Morris); "Ways to Fight Drug Abuse" (Bruce A. Feldman); "Treatment Key to Fighting Drugs" (Stan…

  20. Vitamin D-Prostaglandin Interactions and Effects on Prostate Cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-10-01

    chloramphenicol ace- at 1300 x g), supernatants were incubated overnight at 4°C, tyltransferase (CAT) under the control of the Herpes virus with the polyclonal...measure of drug Stamey TA, Feldman D. Antiproliferative effects of 18. Badawi AF. The role of prostaglandin synthesis in synergism . Pain 2002;98:163-8

  1. Changing of the Guard: How Different School Leaders Change Organizational Routines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Enomoto, Ernestine K.; Conley, Sharon

    2008-01-01

    While providing stability and uniformity, organizational routines can foster continuous change. Using Feldman's (2000) performative model of routinized action theory, coupled with leadership succession research, we examined how three successive administrations in a California high school revised a student attendance (tardy-monitoring) routine over…

  2. A Charged Particle in a Magnetic Field: A Review of Two Formalisms of Coherent States and the Husimi Function

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herrera, D.; Valencia, A. M.; Pennini, F.; Curilef, S.

    2008-01-01

    In this work, we review two formalisms of coherent states for the case of a particle in a magnetic field. We focus our revision on both pioneering (Feldman and Kahn 1970 "Phys. Rev." B 1 4584) and recent (Kowalski and Rembielinski 2005 "J. Phys. A: Math. Gen." 38 8247) formulations of coherent states for this problem. We introduce a general…

  3. The Effects of Personality Dissimilarity on Mission Readiness

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    Tonidandel, 2007; Cunningham, 2007; Ibarra , 1992; Liao et al., 2004; Meglino, Ravlin, & Adkins, 1989; Ng & Feldman, 2009; Sacco & Schmitt, 2005; Tsui...Cook, J. M. (2001). Birds of a feather: Homophily in social networks . Annual Review of Sociology, 27(1), 415. Meyer, J., Stanley, D., Herscovitch, L

  4. The sero-prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in British marine mammals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dan Forman

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Serum samples from 101 stranded or bycatch cetaceans from British waters were screened for Toxoplasma gondii-specific antibodies using the Sabin Feldman Dye Test. Relatively high seropositivity was recorded in short-beaked Delphinus delphis and this study presents the first documented case of Toxoplasma in a humpback whale Megaptera novaeangliae.

  5. ORIGINAL ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    OruIerst'POOrt j Vet. Res 1992; 5'), 107·109. 99. Selden R, Smith TW. Ouabain phannacokinetic. in dog and man. Circulation 1972; 45: 1176-. 1182-. 100. Keene BW, Rush)E. Therapy of heart failure. In, Ettinger Sj, Feldman EC, eds. Textbook of. Veterinary Internal MedIcine. 4th 00. Philadelphia: WB Saunders, 1994: ...

  6. Anchor balloons assisted deep intubation of 5F catheters for ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2015-07-24

    Jul 24, 2015 ... other lesions that cannot be crossed, even with the aforementioned techniques. Here, we report four ..... balloon technique may damage the anchored branch. The 5F “child‑in‑mother” catheter would be another .... Rev Esp Cardiol (Engl Ed) 2013;66:636‑43. 2. Chambers JW, Feldman RL, Himmelstein SI, ...

  7. Applications of Strengths-Based Leadership Theory for the U.S. Army

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-01

    and positive institutions and communities (as cited in Clifton & Harter , 2003). The identification of positive personal and interpersonal traits... Harter , 2003). Identification of strengths has been shown to increase levels of happiness, fulfillment and confidence at home and work (Linley et al...and increase productivity and job satisfaction (Baruch-Feldman, Brondolo, Ben-Dayan, & Swartz, 2002; Clifton & Harter , 2003). By impacting job

  8. Personality, Drug Preference, Drug Use, and Drug Availability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feldman, Marc; Boyer, Bret; Kumar, V. K.; Prout, Maurice

    2011-01-01

    This study examined the relationship between drug preference, drug use, drug availability, and personality among individuals (n = 100) in treatment for substance abuse in an effort to replicate the results of an earlier study (Feldman, Kumar, Angelini, Pekala, & Porter, 2007) designed to test prediction derived from Eysenck's (1957, 1967)…

  9. Parenting styles, self-control and male juvenile delinquency: The mediating role of self-control

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Exter Blokland, E.A.W. den; Engels, R.C.M.E.; Finkenauer, C.

    2001-01-01

    One of the most important environmental factors in explaining adolescent delinquency is the young offender's family It is therefore crucial to examine which aspects of parenting predict delinquent behavior in adolescents. An important study of Feldman and Weinberger on the direct link between

  10. 77 FR 31216 - Changes in Flood Elevation Determinations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-25

    ... Honorable Steve February 13, 2012 060017 1235). of Butte County (11- October 14, 2011; Lambert, Chairman... Docket No.: B- Unincorporated areas October 6, 2011; The Honorable Susan February 10, 2012 320003 1235...

  11. Ämbliku jäljed kivimüüril / Sigrid Saarep

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saarep, Sigrid, 1963-

    2009-01-01

    Suurbritannia paviljonis 53. Veneetsia kunstibiennaalil esinevad kunstnikud Steve McQueen, John Cale (Wales), Martin Boyce (Šotimaa) ja Susan MacWilliam (Põhja-Iirimaa). Videokunstnik Steve McQueeni filmist "Giardini" (2009)

  12. Iron-Deficiency Anemia

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... red meats, nuts, dried fruits, and beans. Other lifestyle changes, such as getting enough sleep and exercising, ... By following her treatment plan and making smart lifestyle choices, Susan continues to feel better and see ...

  13. 75 FR 25830 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comment Request, Supplemental...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-10

    ... Request, Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Regulations, Part 275--Quality Control AGENCY: Food and... collection for the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program's Regulations, Part 275--Quality Control... Susan Wilkinson, Program Analyst, Quality Control Branch, Program Accountability and Administration...

  14. Iron-Deficiency Anemia

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... periods. By following her treatment plan and making smart lifestyle choices, Susan continues to feel better and see the benefits of treatment. For more information about living with ...

  15. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Global challenges and local opportunities, Abstract. Susan Malcolm-Smith, Michelle Hoogenhout, Natalia Ing, Kevin GF Thomas, Petrus de Vries. Vol 22, No 2 (2010), Commentary Challenges in international collaboration in ...

  16. 75 FR 28853 - Quarterly Publication of Individuals, Who Have Chosen To Expatriate, as Required by Section 6039G

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-24

    ... CHEN MICHAEL JEN-KWEI CHENG KENNY CHEONG JUNE CHENG CHIN WILLIAM KUO FENG CHOA JAMES MICHAEL CHU-YIP... WALTER CORINE CHRISTINE WANG SHUI MING WATERS MICHAEL WATERS SUSAN WEBB CANDACE CYNTHIA WEBER KLAUS...

  17. Resistance ja Rootsi turvaühiskond / Peeter Linnap

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Linnap, Peeter, 1960-

    2001-01-01

    "Vastupanukunsti" näitus "The Path of Resistance : MoMa meets Moderna" Stockholmi Moodsa Kunsti Muuseumis, kuraatorid Susan Kismaric ja Joshua Siegel. Resistance'i kunsti raames käsitletakse ka nn. poliitilist kunsti

  18. With Home Testing, Consumers Take Charge of Their Health

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Used in Previous Reviews Mark Hughes and Joseph Keane, Enterprise Analysis Corporation, Stamford, CT. Interviews: 7/3/ ... Emery J. Stephans, MS, Gerard Conti, MS, Michelle Keane, MBA, and Susan Farber, MBA. Does the Economic ...

  19. Õnnelikud kodud kahel pool eesriiet / Triin Ojari

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ojari, Triin, 1974-

    2004-01-01

    Elukeskkonna konverents "Võistlevad õnned. Elukeskkond külma sõja perioodil" Eesti Kunstiakadeemias. Esinevad David Crowley, Jeremy Morris, Susan E. Reidi, Adrian Forty, Kirsi Saarikangas. Kodumaistel teemadel kõnelevad Liina Jänes ja etnoloog Anu Kannike

  20. Foundations of health psychology

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Friedman, Howard S; Silver, Roxane Cohen

    2007-01-01

    ... and Effective Treatment 9 Adjustment to Chronic Disease: Progress and Promise in Research Annette L. Stanton and Tracey A. Revenson 203 10 Aging and Health 234 Karen S. Rook, Susan T. Charles, and...

  1. Journal of the Cameroon Academy of Sciences - Vol 11, No 1 (2013)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ) Yields in Meme Division, South West Region of Cameroon · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. Martin Keghe Nkobe, Susan Imbolo Mulua, Amougou Joseph Armathée, ...

  2. Layout ppp

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Nubidga

    ) Yields in. Meme Division, South West Region of Cameroon. Martin Keghe Nkobe1, Susan Imbolo Mulua2, Amougou Joseph Armathée3, Samuel Ndonwi. Ayonghe 2. 1 Institute of Agricultural Research for Development (IRAD), Barombi Kang ...

  3. 76 FR 41086 - Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Ohio; Volatile Organic Compound...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-13

    ...) a new rule for the control of volatile organic compound (VOC) emissions from reinforced plastic..., Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Volatile organic compounds. Dated: June 24, 2011. Susan Hedman... Organic Compound Reinforced Plastic Composites Production Operations Rule AGENCY: Environmental Protection...

  4. Resources and Information for Parents about Braille

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Nemeth code. Often used in university programs. Exceptional Teaching Aids 3994 Oleander Way Castro Valley, CA 94546 Telephone: (800) 549-6999 E-Mail: ... Visual Impairments , edited by Susan LaVenture AFB Press American ...

  5. Nofretete muumia võib olla leitud / Evelyn Kaldoja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaldoja, Evelyn, 1980-

    2001-01-01

    Briti uurija Susan Jamesi väitel võib Nofretete olla 1898. a. prantsuse arheoloogi Victor Lloret' poolt Kuningate orust leitud naisemuumia, mis meenutab hämmastavalt palju skulptuuridena kujutatud vaarao Ehnatoni naist

  6. Practice question.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-01

    Chris Beech, nurse consultant, Services for Older People, NHS Forth Valley and member of the nurses' and allied health professionals' special interest group, British Geriatrics Society; Susan Nixon, service manager, Services for Older People, Falkirk Council.

  7. Environmental, Health, and Safety Research Needs for Engineered Nanoscale Materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-09-01

    Canady Forest Service (FS/USDA) Christopher Risbrudt Theodore Wegner Intelligence Technology Innovation Center (ITIC) Susan Durham International...particle agglomeration and settling. Some types of nanomaterials could become attached to dust, pollen , or other airborne particulates. Particles larger

  8. EPA Regional Administrator Highlights the Benefits of Reducing Food Waste in South Bend

    Science.gov (United States)

    (SOUTH BEND, IND. - November 5, 2015) U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Regional Administrator Susan Hedman joined South Bend Mayor Pete Buttigieg today at Ivy Tech Community College's culinary school to highlight the benefits of diverting food waste fr

  9. Kui sulg ei jookse... / Jaanus Noormets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Noormets, Jaanus

    2003-01-01

    Kuidas stsenarist Charlie Kaufman kirjutas stsenaariumi oma loomevaevadest Susan Orleani raamatu filmiks kirjutamisel : mängufilm "Kuidas kirjutada kassafilmi" ("Adaptation") : režissöör Spike Jonze : Ameerika Ühendriigid 2002

  10. 77 FR 64819 - New Agency Information Collection Activity Under OMB Review: Office of Law Enforcement/Federal...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-23

    ... SECURITY Transportation Security Administration New Agency Information Collection Activity Under OMB Review... INFORMATION CONTACT: Susan L. Perkins, TSA PRA Officer, Office of Information Technology (OIT), TSA-11... other forms of information technology. Information Collection Requirement Title: LEO Reimbursement...

  11. The Westray chronicles: a case study in corporate crime

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    McCormick, Christopher

    1999-01-01

    ..., and Corporate Crime John McMullan and Sherman Hinze 183 Chapter Ten: Unsettled Accounts after Westray Susan Dodd 218 Endnotes 250 References 273 List of IllustrationsLIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS Westray ...

  12. Iron-Deficiency Anemia

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Anemia What Is... CAUSES WHO IS AT RISK SIGNS & SYMPTOMS DIAGNOSIS TREATMENTS PREVENTION LIVING WITH CLINICAL TRIALS LINKS Related ... with having iron-deficiency anemia. Prior to her diagnosis, Susan had symptoms such as tiredness, poor skin ...

  13. Eesti president Toomas H. Ilves Pennsylvania ülikooli ajakirjas / Airi Vaga

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vaga, Airi, 1940-

    2008-01-01

    University of Pennsylvania ajakirjas "The Pennsylvania Gazette" ilmunud artiklist "From Estonian Exile to Executive Office", autor Susan Frith - järjekordsest võimalusest tutvustada Eestit ja eestlasi USA ülikoolide kaudu

  14. GENE EXPRESSION PROFILES IN ARSENIC-TREATED MCF-7 BREAST CANCER CELLS EXPRESSING DIFFERENT LEVELS OF HSP70

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gene expression profiles in arsenic-treated MCF-7 breast cancer cells expressing different levels of HSP70Gail Nelson, Susan Hester, Ernest Winkfield, Jill Barnes, James AllenEnvironmental Carcinogenesis Division, NHEERL, ORD, US Environmental Protection Agency, Rese...

  15. Web-Based Instruction A Guide for Libraries

    CERN Document Server

    Smith, Susan Sharpless

    2010-01-01

    Expanding on the popular, practical how-to guide for public, academic, school, and special libraries, technology expert Susan Sharpless Smith offers library instructors the confidence to take Web-based instruction into their own hands.

  16. 1. IV avati Tallinna Kunstihoone galeriis šoti videokunstinäitus "Nähtamatud väljad"

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Kuraatorid Sarah Felton ja Su Grierson, osalevad kunstnikud Victoria Clare Bernie, Samantha Clark, Maria Doyle, S. Felton, S. Grierson, Belinda Guidi, Anne Bjerge Hansen, Metacorpus, Jane McInally, Rosalind Nashashibi, Susannah Silver ja Susan Sloan

  17. Iron-Deficiency Anemia

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... iron-deficiency anemia may require treatment in a hospital, blood transfusions , iron injections, or intravenous iron therapy. ... beans. Other lifestyle changes, such as getting enough sleep and exercising, also have helped Susan feel better. ...

  18. Biographies of Eminent Women in Psychology: Models for Achievement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Furumoto, Laurel; And Others

    1980-01-01

    In order to recognize women's contributions to the field of psychology, biographies of Margaret Floy Washburn, Mary Cover Jones, Karen Horney, Susan Grey, Edna Heidbreder, Ann Roe, and Mary Whitton Calkins are presented. (BEF)

  19. The Law and the Ladies in "Trifles."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zehfuss, Ruth E.

    1992-01-01

    Shows how Susan Glaspell's one-act play "Trifles" (when linked to "Antigone") illustrates the difficult moral choices that human beings face. Discusses Glaspell's social and political context; cultural influences; and parallels in situation, setting, and character. (PRA)

  20. Raamatututvustus / Rein Põder

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Põder, Rein, 1943-

    1995-01-01

    Rousseau, Jean-Jacques. Üksildase uitaja mõtisklused; Hill, Susan. Proua de Winter; Kõrvemaast põhjarannani : Kuusalu kihelkonna kirjanduslik-kodulooline antoloogia / Koost. Helmut Elstrok; Tead.toim. Oskar Kuningas

  1. Injury-related behaviour among South African high-school students ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Injury-related behaviour among South African high-school students at six sites. Alan J Flisher, Catherine L Ward, Holan Liang, Handsome Onya, Nomfundo Mlisa, Susan Terblanche, Arvin Bhana, Charles DH Parry, Carl J Lombard ...

  2. Must Surm võib varitseda viirusena / Tiit Kändler

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kändler, Tiit, 1948-

    2001-01-01

    Üldlevinud arusaama kohaselt on Must Surm muhkkatk, nüüd on Liverpooli ülikooli arstiteadlased Susan Scott ja Christopher Duncan avaldanud raamatu, milles väidavad, et katk polnud bakteri, vaid hoopis viiruse tekitatud

  3. The Tropenmuseum and the Colonial Heritage : Position paper

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Legêne, Susan

    1998-01-01

    Policy document outlining the Tropenmuseum's intention to work on the colonial past as an essential aspect of its contemporary policies. Author: Susan Legêne, at the time head of the Curatorial Department of the tropenmuseum.

  4. Investigation of manganese homeostasis in dogs with anaemia and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Investigation of manganese homeostasis in dogs with anaemia and chronic enteropathy. Marisa da Fonseca Ferreira, Arielle Elizabeth Ann Aylor, Richard John Mellanby, Susan Mary Campbell, Adam George Gow ...

  5. A Contributing Listener and Other Composition Wives: Reading and Writing the Feminine Metaphors in Composition Studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reichert, Pegeen

    1996-01-01

    Draws on Susan Miller's distinction between "feminist composition studies" and "feminine composition studies" to raise concerns about the perception, place, and role of composition studies in English departments. Examines the feminine metaphors used in composition theory and research. (TB)

  6. Travelers' Health: Cruise Ship Travel

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Kara Tardivel, Susan A. Lippold, Krista Kornylo Duong INTRODUCTION Cruise ship travel presents a unique combination of ... may include countries where vectorborne diseases such as malaria, dengue, yellow fever, Japanese encephalitis, and Zika are ...

  7. Brazilian physicists take centre stage

    Science.gov (United States)

    Curtis, Susan

    2014-06-01

    With the FIFA World Cup taking place in Brazil this month, Susan Curtis travels to South America's richest nation to find out how its physicists are exploiting recent big increases in science funding.

  8. Kui kapital veab alt, siis turvaliselt / Aleksander Tsapov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tsapov, Aleksander

    2006-01-01

    Kuraatorinäitus "Kapital (see veab meid alt)" Tallinna Kunstihoones. Kuraator Simon Sheikh. Fia-Stina Sandlundi, Katya Sanderi, Oliver Ressleri, Ashley Hunti ja Susan Kelly&Stephen Mortoni töödest näitusel

  9. Ni rara, ni extraordinaria: política y corporalidad en Eva Perón

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Karina Elizabeth Vázquez

    2017-01-01

    This essay analyzes images and representations of Eva Perón combining theories of corporeality and affection with theories of the photo-image proposed by WJT Mitchell, Roland Barthes and Susan Sontag...

  10. Reported school experiences of young people living with sickle cell disorder in England.

    OpenAIRE

    Dyson, Simon; Abuateya, Hala; Atkin, Karl; Culley, Lorraine; Dyson, Sue; Rowley, David T.

    2010-01-01

    We are grateful to all the young people and their families for their time in replying to the survey. We would like to acknowledge the work of the Sickle Cell and Education group (SCED) in helping with the survey, including David Rees, Moira Dick, Susan Height, Sandra O’Driscoll, Shirley Samuel, Baba Inusa, Jo Howard, Helen Appleby, Neil Westerdale, Lola Oni, Elizabeth Okuyiga, Vesna Graham, Beatrice Barbola, Gavin Cho, Michele Afif, Lurieteen Miller, Susan Crawford, Maureen Williams, Janet L...

  11. Disclosure and sickle cell disorder: a mixed methods study of the young person with sickle cell at school.

    OpenAIRE

    Dyson, Simon; Atkin, Karl; Culley, Lorraine; Dyson, Sue; Evans, Hala; Rowley, David T.

    2010-01-01

    We are grateful to all the young people and their families for their time in replying to the questionnaires and the interviews. We would like to acknowledge the work of the Sickle Cell and Education group (SCED) in helping with the survey, including David Rees, Moira Dick, Susan Height, Sandra O’Driscoll, Shirley Samuel, Baba Inusa, Jo Howard, Helen Appleby, Neil Westerdale, Lola Oni, Elizabeth Okuyiga, Vesna Graham, Beatrice Barbola, Gavin Cho, Michele Afif, Lurieteen Miller, Susan Crawford...

  12. Preparing Women for Strategic Leadership Roles in the Army

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-03-01

    USAWC STRATEGY RESEARCH PROJECT PREPARING WOMEN FOR STRATEGIC LEADERSHIP ROLES IN THE ARMY by COL Susan R. Myers U.S. Army CDR Robert Kedney Project...to xx-xx-2003 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Preparing Women for Strategic Leadership Roles in the Army Unclassified 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c...ii iii ABSTRACT AUTHOR: COL Susan R. Myers TITLE: Preparing Women for Strategic Leadership Roles in the Army FORMAT: Strategy Research Project DATE: 01

  13. Metal Residue Deposition from Military Pyrotechnic Devices and Field Sampling Guidance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-01

    PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) Jay L. Clausen, Julie Richardson, Nic Korte, Nancy Perron, Susan Taylor, Anthony Bednar, Patricia Tuminello...Julie Richardson1, Nic Korte3, Nancy Perron1, Susan Taylor1, Anthony Bednar2, Andrew Bray2, Patricia Tuminello2, William Jones2, Shawna Tazik2...in a warm water bath . Each sample was vacuum-filtered through a Whatman glass microfiber grade GF/A 1.6 µm filter. Several filters were required

  14. Social Media - DoD’s Greatest Information Sharing Tool or Weakest Security Link?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-15

    OR WEAKEST SECURITY LINK? BY LIEUTENTANT COLONEL SUSAN CAMORODA United States Army National Guard Se ni or S er vi ce C ol le ge F el lo w...SHARING TOOL OR WEAKEST SECURITY LINK? by Lieutenant Colonel Susan Camoroda United States Army National Guard Dr Rahul...CRP is submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements of the Senior Serivce College Fellowship. The U.S. Army War College is accredited by the

  15. STS-102 Crew Activity Report/Flight Day 7 Highlights

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-01-01

    Footage shows STS-102 Mission Specialist Andy Thomas, Expedition 1 crewmember Sergei Krikalev, and Expedition 2 crewmember Susan Helms transferring supplies from the Leonardo Module to the International Space Station (ISS). Then STS-102 Commander Jim Wetherbee joins the crew of Expedition 2 (James Voss, Susan Helms, and Yuriy Usachev) for an on-orbit interview, where they answer questions about the spacewalks performed by Voss and Helms and about living on the ISS.

  16. The Burden of Disability among Active Duty Air Force Members

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-09-01

    regarding active duty pilots and navigators who experienced a cardiac event, which included myocardial infarctions, angina , and sudden death. The study...a Cohort of Active-Duty U.S. Air Force Members Authors: Anthony S. Robbins, MD, PhD, Susan Y. Chao, MS, Vincent P. Fonseca, MD, MPH, Michael R...Physical Fitness in a Cohort of Active-Duty U.S. Air Force Members Anthony S. Robbins, Susan Y. Chao, Vincent P. Fonseca, Michael R

  17. Possible Regulatory Improvements of the American Housing Finance System

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lunde, Jens

    2017-01-01

    Book review of: Susan M. Wachter and Joseph Tracy (eds.): Principles of Housing Finance Reform. PENN—University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia, 282 pp, $65.00s, ISBN: 978-0-8122-4862-3......Book review of: Susan M. Wachter and Joseph Tracy (eds.): Principles of Housing Finance Reform. PENN—University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia, 282 pp, $65.00s, ISBN: 978-0-8122-4862-3...

  18. Sun River (24CA74): A Stratified Pelican Lake and Oxbow Occupation Site near Great Falls, Montana.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-08-31

    Oxbow Cascade County Phytoliths Pelican Lake Settlement Flotation 20. A.STIRACT . -u are. dde If n-"e- .. d nden~ff7 by block .- ber) The Sun River...Susan K. Short, Pollen Analyst * Rhoda Owen Lewis, Phytolith Analyst Meg Van Ness, Flotation Analyst Historical Research Associates Missoula, Montana...ANALYSES Susan K. Short, Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research, Boulder, Colorado D PHYTOLITH RESULTS Rhoda Lewis, Paleoenvironmental Consultants

  19. 45 CFR 1152.11 - What are the Chairman's obligations in interstate situations?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ...) NATIONAL FOUNDATION ON THE ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE ARTS INTERGOVERNMENTAL REVIEW... review, coordination, and communication with the Endowment have been delegated. (b) The Chairman uses the...

  20. Arhitektuuri sihtkapitali aastapreemia 2014 Kadarik Tüür Arhitektid Tondiraba jäähalli, Tartu Ülikooli Füüsika Instituudi ja Viljandi laululava eest = The Endowment for Architecture's Annual Award 2014 Kadarik Tüür Arhitektid for the Tondira

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kadarik, Ott, 1976-

    2015-01-01

    Tondiraba jäähalli, Tartu Ülikooli Füüsika Instituudi ja Viljandi laululava valmimisprotsessist. Karli Luige kommentaar Kultuurkapitali arhitektuuri sihtkapitali aastapreemia laureaadi valimisest

  1. Purchasing Value: Purchasing and Supply Management's Contribution to Health Service Performance : Address delivered at the occasion of accepting the appointment of endowed professor of Purchasing & Supply Management in Healthcare on behalf of the Vereniging Trustfonds, Erasmus University Rotterdam, at Rotterdam School of Management and the institute of Health Policy & Management, Erasmus University, on Friday, 14 October 2016

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    E.M. van Raaij (Erik)

    2016-01-01

    textabstractMany countries across the globe face the challenge of increasing healthcare costs, often increasing faster than GDP or personal income. In an effort to manage these costs, but also to improve the quality and accessibility of healthcare, governments have introduced a purchaser-provider

  2. Good Company.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klinger, Donna

    2002-01-01

    Presents highlights from the annual endowment study by the National Association of College and University Business Officials (NACUBO), which found that nearly three-quarters of all endowments experienced negative returns in fiscal year 2001. Includes a table ranking surveyed institutions by the market value of their endowment assets. (EV)

  3. Implementasi Wakaf Produktif di Indonesia Pasca Berlakunya UU No. 41 Tahun 2004 tentang Wakaf

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nawawi Nawawi

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Before enacting the law No. 41, 2004 about Islamic pious endowment (waqf, endowment in Indonesia was only meant for immovable properties. This endowment, then, tended to emphasize more on the aspect of preservation of endowment objects rather than the productivity aspects. What was called the productive endowments at that time, then, became a analytical discourse but had not gained the legal endorcment yet. This paper describes the implementation of productive endowment in Indonesia after post enactment the Law No. 41 of 2004 on Waqf. Productive endowment in Indonesia has grown up into two models: endowment in the form of money through Islamic banks and in the form of grant money used as the venture capital of productive endowment development programs from Ministry of Religious Affairs aimed at developing endowment in various sectors of the real economy throughout Indonesia. However, two models of the productive endowment have not gotten enthusiastically reception from the public at least due to two factors. First, the public perception of waqf are understood as mere worship which has nothing to do with the matter of economic development. Second, professionalism in managing Nazhir waqf is so low that make many endowments in Indonesia unproductiveconomically.

  4. A Psychometric Evaluation of the Dutch Version of the Responses to Positive Affect Questionnaire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Filip Raes

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available In 698 respondents selected from the community, the authors examined the psychometric properties of the Dutch version of the Responses to Positive Affect questionnaire (RPA; Feldman, Joormann, & Johnson, 2008 which measures ruminative and dampening thoughts in response to positive affect. In a first sample ('n' = 170, exploratory factor analyses largely replicated the 3-factor model obtained by Feldman et al. (2008 with the following factors: Dampening, Self-focused positive rumination, and Emotion-focused positive rumination. The 3-factor model revealed in the first sample was confirmed using confirmatory factor analyses in a second independent sample of 528 respondents. All subscales showed adequate internal consistency and evidence of convergent and incremental validity with concurrent measures of depressive rumination, depressive symptoms, trait hypomania, and positive and negative affect. Results underscore the value of assessing responses to positive as well as negative affect in the study of mood disorders.

  5. Newcomer innovation during entry in a changing organization

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Revsbæk, Line

    ” of the organizational culture. Although acknowledging that organizational socialization is about continuity and change in the employing organization (Van Maanen & Schein, 1979), and realizing that the entry of newcomers holds the potential for innovation to the employing organization (Feldman, 2012), the discourse...... in research on organizational socialization largely heralds the raison d’être of organizational socialization as preserving the culture of the organization from one generation of employees to the next. “Much of the work on organizational socialization still reflects a narrow social perspective: perhaps...... values and beliefs” (Feldman, 2012:215). Thus, the “workgroup”, “work processes”, “patterns of social interaction” and “core values” are considered stable units of analysis, which entries of organizational newcomers might affect. This gives rise to a dichotomy of newcomer assimilation versus...

  6. Exploring the role of reflexivity in the change process of interconnected organizational routines

    OpenAIRE

    Tuckermann, Harald; Wolf, Carola

    2014-01-01

    Analyzing the change of organizational routines in a public health care organization, this paper contributes to a better understanding of how organizational routines change when a network of interconnected routines is affected by a change initiative. We focus on the role of reflexivity (Feldman, 2000) and individual as well as collective agency (Howard-Grenville, 2005) in different stages of the change process. We identify the establishment of reflection routines as a key success factor for i...

  7. Synthesis of Hafnium-Based Ceramic Materials for Ultra-High Temperature Aerospace Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Sylvia; Feldman, Jay

    2004-01-01

    This project involved the synthesis of hafnium (Hf)-based ceramic powders and Hf-based precursor solutions that were suitable for preparation of Hf-based ceramics. The Hf-based ceramic materials of interest in this project were hafnium carbide (with nominal composition HE) and hafnium dioxide (HfO2). The materials were prepared at Georgia Institute of Technology and then supplied to research collaborators Dr. Sylvia Johnson and Dr. Jay Feldman) at NASA Ames Research Center.

  8. Risk-Aware Data Processing in Hybrid Clouds

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-01

    fixed strategies such as round- robin or hash partitioning, predicates offer us a fine-grained and adaptive strategy for controlling what sensitive data...crossings between different partitions which in turn minimizes multi-node transactions. Previous approaches have used round- robin , range partitioning...UsingEncryption.html. [2] J. Alex Halderman, Seth D. Schoen, Nadia Heninger, William Clarkson, William Paul, Joseph A. Calandrino, Ariel J. Feldman , Jacob

  9. Phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors in management of pulmonary hypertension: safety, tolerability, and efficacy

    OpenAIRE

    Buckley, Mitchell S.; Staib, Robin L; Wicks, Laura M; et al

    2010-01-01

    Mitchell S Buckley1, Robin L Staib1, Laura M Wicks1, Jeremy P Feldman21Department of Pharmacy, Banner Good Samaritan Medical Center, and 2Arizona Pulmonary Specialists Ltd, Phoenix, Arizona, USAAbstract: Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a progressive disease that causes severe disability and has no cure. Over the past 20 years, a variety of treatment options have evolved for the management of PAH. With an expanded therapeutic armamentarium come more complex decisions regarding treatme...

  10. Targeting CD81 to Prevent Metastases in Breast Cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-10-01

    and metastasis of neoplastic lesions. Am J Pathol. 2014 Jan;184(1):28-41. 55. Andreu Z, Yanez-Mo M. Tetraspanins in extracellular vesicle formation...Baniyash M, Sade-Feldman M, Kanterman J. Chronic inflammation and cancer: suppressing the suppressors. Cancer Immunol Immunother. 2014 Jan;63(1):11...351-60. 45. Bunt SK, Sinha P, Clements VK, Leips J, Ostrand-Rosenberg S. Inflammation induces myeloid-derived suppressor cells that facilitate tumor

  11. Cushing’s Syndrome with Concurrent Diabetes Mellitus in a Rhesus Monkey

    Science.gov (United States)

    1999-05-01

    adverse effects ( 10). Feldman et al. evaluated ketoconazole in over 50 dogs with spontaneous hyperadrenocorticism due to Cushing’s disease and...reports from humans and dogs . Moreover, there are no reports of experimentally induced animals models of both diseases con- currently. Recently, a...most useful as a monitoring aid to assess antecedent glycemic control (4, 5). Other rule-outs on the differential diagnosis list were

  12. Use of Attribution and Forensic Science in Addressing Biological Weapon Threats: A Multi-Faceted Study

    OpenAIRE

    Bidwell, Christopher A; Bhatt, Kishan

    2016-01-01

    Design, layout, and edits by Allison Feldman. Cover Photo: © poba, iStock by Getty Images. The threat from the manufacture, proliferation, and use of biological weapons (BW) is a high priority concern for the U.S. Government. As reflected in U.S. Government policy statements and budget allocations, deterrence through attribution (“determining who is responsible and culpable”) is the primary policy tool for dealing with these threats. According to those policy statements, one of the foundat...

  13. Panama: Military Victory, Interagency Failure: A Case Study of Policy Implementation

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-12-17

    is considered applicable to most large, hierarchic organizations. Professor Michel Crozier identifies three aspects of large, bureaucratic...and Feldman, p. 214. 34MIi, p. 213 - 215. 35McNally, p. 196. 36fichel Crozier , The mieratiePhgmnon (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1964), p. 5...Princton University Press, 1976. Crozier , •. Thin P•-•,•,. phmmm,• ClficaSo: University of Chicago Press, 1964. Dgvid, Steam g. Third World Cm•.. d’•,tM and

  14. N-Acetylcysteine in the prevention of ototoxicity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tepel, Martin

    2007-01-01

    Prevention of ototoxicity after the administration of aminoglycoside antibiotics has been notably difficult, in particular in patients with chronic kidney disease. Feldman et al. report that oral administration of 600 mg N-acetylcysteine twice daily significantly ameliorates gentamicin-induced ot......-induced ototoxicity in hemodialysis patients. That approach may help to prevent aminoglycoside-induced hearing loss in these high-risk patients in daily practice....

  15. Heart rate control with adrenergic blockade: Clinical outcomes in cardiovascular medicine

    OpenAIRE

    Feldman, David; Elton, Terry S; Menachemi, Doron M; Wexler, Randy K

    2010-01-01

    David Feldman1, Terry S Elton2, Doron M Menachemi3, Randy K Wexler41Heart Failure/Transplant and VAD Programs, Minneapolis Heart Institute, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA; 2Division of Pharmacology, College of Pharmacology, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA; 3Heart Failure Services, Edith Wolfson Medical Center, The Heart Institute, Sakler School of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, Holon, Israel; 4Department of Clinical Family Medicine, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USAAb...

  16. Patient satisfaction with obstetricians and gynecologists compared with other specialties: analysis of US self-reported survey data

    OpenAIRE

    Patel, Isha; Chang,Jongwha; Srivastava,Jatin; Feldman,Steven; Levender,; Balkrishnan,Rajesh

    2011-01-01

    Isha Patel1,2,3, Jongwha Chang1,2,3, Jatin Srivastava4, Steven Feldman5, Michelle Levender5, Rajesh Balkrishnan1,2,3,61Clinical, Social, and Administrative Sciences, College of Pharmacy, 2Center for Medication Use, Policy, and Economics, 3Center of Global Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan; 4EW Scripps School of Journalism, Ohio University, Athens, Ohio; 5Department of Dermatology, Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston-Salem, North C...

  17. Gastric Emptying during Walking and Running: Effects of Varied Exercise Intensity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-03-01

    effects of increased catecholsmine and endogenous opioid levels on splanchnic blood flow and gastric motility (Konturek 1980, Murray 1987, Rowell 1983...1983) Regulation of gastric emptying of glucose . Gastroenterology 85: 76-80 Costill DL, Saltin B (1974) Factors limiting gastric emptying during...Quart. 49: 119-124 Feldman M, Nixon JV (1982) Effect of exercise on postprandial gastric secretion and emptying in humans. J. Appl. Physiol. 53: 851

  18. The Role of Hydromagnetic Waves in the Magnetosphere and the Ionosphere

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-05-01

    diffuse aurora , Geophys. Res. Lett.. 6, 332, 1979. J. D. Winningham, and B. W. Reinisch, F layer ionization patches Ossakow, S. L., K. Papadopoulos J...Davis, 1971], in the high speed streams of the solar wind [Abraham-Shrauner and Feldman, 1977], in the upstream of the Jovian bow shock (Goldstein, et al...hand polarized finite amplitude Alien waves have also been observed in the upstream of the Jovian bow shock [Goldstein, et al., 1985]. It is shown

  19. Power, control and the protean Career: a critical perspective on multinational organizations' permanent international assignees

    OpenAIRE

    Crowley-Henry, Marian; WEIR, DAVID

    2009-01-01

    Mainstream management literature and research regarding the international career has long focused on the traditional expatriate experience (for example Adler 1986; Boyacigiller 1995; Dowling and Welch 2004; Feldman and Tompson 1993; Mendenhall and Oddou 2000). In this discourse, the tendency has been to outline the benefits and issues to be considered for organizations and individuals embarking on international assignments. In contrast, this chapter focuses on a special grou...

  20. U.S. TAG for ISO/TC108 Mechanical Vibration and Shock (Minutes of the Accredited Standards Committee on Mechanical Shock and Vibration, S2)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-05-01

    Medical Dept. YALE University Medical School 333 Cedar Street New Haven, Conn. 06510 phones: (203) 785-4197, (203) 445-4551 H.J. Hursh, M.D. Corporate...MEETING NO. 25 NYC , March 18, 1991 Present: John N. Eustis, Department of Energy Sam Feldman, NKF Engineering Louis F. Hackstie, Westinghouse Chuck...this point, the General Committee Meeting recessed for lunch . After lunch , each of the Sub-Committees delivered brief reports on what they had

  1. Page 1 50 S Ismat Shah T-Ba-Ca-Cu-O on (100)MgO 10 106 10 4 0 ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Kwo J, Hsieh T C, Fleming RM, Hong M, Liou SH, Davidson B A and Feldman LC 1987 Phys, Rev. B36 4039. Rossnagel S M and Cuomo JJ 1988 AIP Conf. Proc. 165 106. Shah S I and Carcia P F 1987 Appl. Phys. Lett. 51 2146. Shah S 1989 Thin Solid Films 81 157. Yamane H, Kurosawa H, Hirai T, Iwasaki H, Koboyashi N ...

  2. Markets and authorities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lorentzen, Jochen; Cecco, Marcello de

    This text addresses the relationship between market authority and political authority - a favourite theme of Susan Strange, to whom the book is dedicated. From a survey of the bias against capital liberalization in economic thought to an analysis of the US role in global monetary affairs, it disc......This text addresses the relationship between market authority and political authority - a favourite theme of Susan Strange, to whom the book is dedicated. From a survey of the bias against capital liberalization in economic thought to an analysis of the US role in global monetary affairs...

  3. Rehabilitation R&D Progress Reports 1996, Volume 34, May 1997

    Science.gov (United States)

    1997-05-01

    Cherney LR, Halper AS, Drimmer DP. Brain Lang 1995:51(l):51-3. 129 Head Trauma and Stroke [138] COMORBIDITIES AND COMPLICATIONS IN STROKE...persons with PD. [189] BIOCHEMICAL AND MYOELECTRIC EVENTS DURING FATIGUE Serge H. Roy, ScD; Edward Kupa, MS; Carlo J. De Luca, PhD; Susan C...R&D Progress Reports 1996 [190] EFFECTS OF MUSCLE FIBER SIZE ON EMG PARAMETERS Edward Kupa, MS; Serge H. Roy, ScD; Susan C. Kandarian, PhD; Carlo J

  4. Fantastiske forbindelser relationer i undervisning og læringssamvær

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Antologiens artikler er lavet af en række anerkendte forskere og ide-folk fra Danmark, Norge, Holland, England og USA. Herunder Peter Lang, Daniel Stern, Maria Aarts, Thomas Armstrong, Maria Aarts, Jan Tønnesvang, Stein Bråten, Jesper Juul og Susan Hart......Antologiens artikler er lavet af en række anerkendte forskere og ide-folk fra Danmark, Norge, Holland, England og USA. Herunder Peter Lang, Daniel Stern, Maria Aarts, Thomas Armstrong, Maria Aarts, Jan Tønnesvang, Stein Bråten, Jesper Juul og Susan Hart...

  5. حوكمة الوقف الاسلامى

    OpenAIRE

    Elasrag, Hussein

    2012-01-01

    This paper aims to shed light on the concept of corporate governance for the Islamic endowment, or "governance of Islamic Waqf". There is no doubt that the governance of the Islamic endowment are now occupies great importance, especially in light of the recent trends in the establishment of Waqf. It now has a large mass in terms of market value of assets. The subject of governance of Islamic Waqf increasing importance to control this role and evaluation performance of endowment to the bes...

  6. Norms and the Perception of Events

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-09-05

    item should have been judged worst. Results were inconclusive - recency effects generally seemed to be more prevalent than primacy , but there was a...endowing subjecs with an alternative. Results from a preliminary study reported last year showed effects of endowment and primacy for vacations and courses...owned or were familiar with. Although the results showed a general effect of primacy and endowment, ownership or familiarity seemed to play no role in

  7. 45 CFR 1170.12 - Discriminatory actions prohibited.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE HUMANITIES NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF... persons. (g) Recipients shall take appropriate steps to ensure that communications with their applicants...

  8. Existence of collateral Equilibrium without survival assumption

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaime Orrillo

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper shows the existence of a collateral equilibrium without assuming any hypotheses on the strict positivity, be they individual initial endowments, including the ex post initial endowments, or aggregated initial endowments. Because of dropping the strict positivity of social initial endowment we fail to get an equilibrium. Instead, we get a quasi-equilibrium. Then, appealing to the concept of irreducibility (introduced by McKenzie in 1959 which is adapted to the collateral model, we show that the quasi-equilibrium is indeed a legitime equilibrium.

  9. Race, Feminine Power, and the Vietnam War in Philip Red Eagle's "Red Earth"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andrews, Scott

    2004-01-01

    In her book "The Remasculinization of America," Susan Jeffords discusses the dynamics of how differences such as race and class are erased in filmic and literary representations of the Vietnam War. She asserts that one difference is not overcome by the battlefield: gender, a barrier that is depicted in the literature as natural and…

  10. Imagining Patriarchy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tubbs, David L.

    2004-01-01

    If there was one theme essential to the historical scholarship of Stanford professor Susan Moller Okin, it was the oppression of females. In imbuing political theory with feminism, Okin wrote, for instance, that modern American women are "second-class" citizens in a society where biological differences should count for nothing. Such declarations…

  11. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Issue, Title. Vol 70 (2007), UKIMWISHAJI wa Utanzu wa Fashihi: Mifano kutoka Methali za Tanzania, Abstract. Aldin K. Mutembei. Vol 70 (2007), A minimalist approach to Kiswahili Syntax, Abstract. Alice Mwihaki. Vol 80, No 1 (2017), A Morphological Classification of Kiswahili, Abstract. Susan C. Choge. Vol 74, No 1 (2011) ...

  12. The effects of educational context on the understanding of linguistic ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Erna Kinsey

    covering the two OBE learning areas of 1) Language, Literacy & Com- munication, and 2) Mathematical .... 'deep' or rural standard varieties in comparison to the urban variety. Results and discussion. The results ..... This article is dedicated to the memory of the late Susan H. Suzman, with gratitude for her dedication, support ...

  13. Author Details

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Purchase, Susan. Vol 15, No 3 (2016) - Articles Keeping kids in care: virological failure in a paediatric antiretroviral clinic and suggestions for improving treatment outcomes. Abstract. ISSN: 1608-5906. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors. OTHER RESOURCES.

  14. Human Systems Engineering and Program Success - A Retrospective Content Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-01

    generic program. It is not intended to reflect the time dedicated to associated phase activity. LEGEND : = Decision Point CDD = Capability Development...Beverly G. Knapp. Also, Dr. Holly A. H. Handley and Jeffrey Thomas provided techniques, data, and advice. Former col- leagues Susan Archer, Chris Plott

  15. 75 FR 60749 - Policy on Payment System Risk

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... revisions explicitly recognize the role of the central bank in providing intraday credit to healthy... Director (202) 452-2360, Susan Foley, Deputy Associate Director (202) 452-3596, or Jeffrey Walker, Manager... system, while also helping to mitigate credit exposures of the Federal Reserve Banks (Reserve Banks) from...

  16. Valuing Difference in Students' Culture and Experience in School Science Lessons

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banner, Indira

    2016-01-01

    Susan Harper writes about how a cross-cultural learning community can be formed where people from different cultures are not simply assimilated into a school science community but are seen and heard. This makes learning reciprocal and meaningful for both recent refugees and the dominant population. Although maybe not refugees, students from poorer…

  17. Air Force Space Command Satellite Orbit Predictor Using Parallel Virtual Machines

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-12-01

    MASTER OF SCIENCE IN APPLIED MXTHZM& TICS from the NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL December 1993 Author: 2/ Susan Kay (blatusiak) Brewer Approved by: \\L ’>C...School Montrey, Califomia 93943 4. Commander U.S. Naval Space Command Dahigtrn, VA 22448-5170 5. Profesor B. Neta, Code MA/Nd 2 Depwtment of

  18. Political Economy in Applied Linguistics Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Block, David

    2017-01-01

    This state-of-the-art review is based on the fundamental idea that political economy should be adopted as a frame for research and discussion in applied linguistics as part of a general social turn which has taken hold in the field over the past three decades. It starts with Susan Gal's (1989) early call for such a move in sociolinguistics and…

  19. 78 FR 41314 - Review of Foreign Ownership Policies for Common Carrier and Aeronautical Radio Licensees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-10

    ... Ball, Policy Division, International Bureau, FCC, (202) 418-1460 or via the Internet at Susan.OConnell... document also is available for download over the Internet at http://transition.fcc.gov/Daily_Releases/Daily... voting interests--unless the Commission finds that such ownership is inconsistent with the public...

  20. Nime võimust : naine või artishokk / Leena Kurvet-Käosaar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kurvet-Käosaar, Leena, 1969-

    2003-01-01

    Tagasivaade naisrežissööride filmifestivalile Helsingis. Lähemalt 4 mängufilmist : itaallanna Monica Stambrini "Benzina" (2001), inglanna Lynne Ramsay "Morvern Callar" (2002), prantslanna Sophie Tatscheffi "Baarilett" (1997) ja iraani päritolu rootsi režissööri Susan Taslimi "All Hell Let Loose" (2002)