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Sample records for sus scrofa mx1

  1. Mitochondrial genome of Taiwan pig (Sus Scrofa)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Jane

    2011-03-28

    Mar 28, 2011 ... The purpose of this study is to investigate the complete nucleotide sequence of the mitochondrial genome of the Taiwan Lanyu pig (Sus scrofa) and its phylogenetic relationships with other pig breeds. Thirty-four forward and reverse primers were designed. Sequencing was performed in both directions.

  2. Helminth parasites of wild boar, Sus scrofa, in Iran.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eslami, A; Farsad-Hamdi, S

    1992-04-01

    Fifty-seven wild boars (Sus scrofa) from protected regions of Iran were examined for helminths. Sixteen species of helminths were collected; there were ten nematodes, one acanthocephalan, two trematodes and three larval cestodes. New host and distribution records were established for all helminths except of Taenia solium cysticerci. Wild boar shared nine of these helminths with domestic pigs, six with ruminants and three with human beings in Iran. Metastrongylus pudendotectus and M. salmi are reported for the first time from Iran.

  3. Intestinal protozoa in wild boars (Sus scrofa) in western Iran.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solaymani-Mohammadi, S; Rezaian, M; Hooshyar, H; Mowlavi, G R; Babaei, Z; Anwar, M A

    2004-10-01

    A total of 12 gastrointestinal tracts of wild boars (Sus scrofa) from western Iran (Luristan) were examined for protozoan infection between September 2000 and November 2001. Of 12 boars examined, 67% harbored one or more species of the following protozoa: Balantidium coli (25%), Tritrichomonas suis (25%), Blastocystis sp. (25%), Entamoeba polecki (17%), Entamoeba suis (8%), Iodamoeba butschlii (17%), and Chilomastix mesnili (8%). Four of these protozoan species also are reported in humans, and persons living in rural areas where wild boars are abundant should take precaution to avoid infection.

  4. Exposure of extensively farmed wild boars (Sus scrofa scrofa) to selected pig pathogens in Greece.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marinou, K A; Papatsiros, V G; Gkotsopoulos, E K; Odatzoglou, P K; Athanasiou, L V

    2015-06-01

    Increased density and distribution of wild boar populations are likely to promote interactions and transmission of certain pathogens, not only among wild boar but also from wild boar to livestock or humans and vice versa. The purpose of this study was to determine seroprevalence against seven selected pathogens in wild boar living in four different areas in Greece. In total, 359 serum samples were collected from extensively farmed wild boar (Sus scrofa scrofa) originating from four distinct geographical areas throughout Greece from April 2012 to August 2013. Samples were tested for antibodies to Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae, African swine fever virus (ASFV), Aujeszky's disease virus (ADV), classical swine fever virus (CSFV), Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae, Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae and porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV). Prevalence was compared among the four regions using Fisher's exact test. Low overall seropositivities of 2.4% and 5.6% were detected for E. rhusiopathiae and PRRSV, respectively, higher ones for ADV (32.0%) and the highest (72.5% and 90.5%) for M. hyopneumoniae and A. pleuropneumoniae, respectively. All sera tested were found negative for antibodies directed against CSFV and ASFV. This is the first report of exposure of wild boars to selected pig pathogens in Greece. These results are indicative of the circulation of these pathogens in Greece with the exception of CSFV and ASFV and suggestive of the potential role of wild boars on their maintenance and transmission to their domestic counterparts and vice versa.

  5. Structural Classification of Wild Boar (Sus scrofa) Vocalizations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia, Maxime; Gingras, Bruno; Bowling, Daniel L; Herbst, Christian T; Boeckle, Markus; Locatelli, Yann; Fitch, W Tecumseh

    2016-04-01

    Determining whether a species' vocal communication system is graded or discrete requires definition of its vocal repertoire. In this context, research on domestic pig ( Sus scrofa domesticus ) vocalizations, for example, has led to significant advances in our understanding of communicative functions. Despite their close relation to domestic pigs, little is known about wild boar ( Sus scrofa) vocalizations. The few existing studies, conducted in the 1970s, relied on visual inspections of spectrograms to quantify acoustic parameters and lacked statistical analysis. Here, we use objective signal processing techniques and advanced statistical approaches to classify 616 calls recorded from semi-free ranging animals. Based on four spectral and temporal acoustic parameters-quartile Q25, duration, spectral flux, and spectral flatness-extracted from a multivariate analysis, we refine and extend the conclusions drawn from previous work and present a statistically validated classification of the wild boar vocal repertoire into four call types: grunts, grunt-squeals, squeals, and trumpets. While the majority of calls could be sorted into these categories using objective criteria, we also found evidence supporting a graded interpretation of some wild boar vocalizations as acoustically continuous, with the extremes representing discrete call types. The use of objective criteria based on modern techniques and statistics in respect to acoustic continuity advances our understanding of vocal variation. Integrating our findings with recent studies on domestic pig vocal behavior and emotions, we emphasize the importance of grunt-squeals for acoustic approaches to animal welfare and underline the need of further research investigating the role of domestication on animal vocal communication.

  6. Helmintos e protozoários em fezes de javalis (Sus scrofa scrofa criados em cativeiro Helminths and protozoa in wild boars (Sus scrofa scrofa feces raised in captivity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.J.S. Mundim

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Faecal samples from 79 wild boars (Sus scrofa scrofa were examined by sedimentation method, zinc sulfate flotation method, and centrifugal flotation in sugar solution for endoparasites research. The results showed that 97.5% of the samples were positive for helminths and/or protozoa as follows: strongilides (70.9%, Ascaris suum (46.9%, Trichuris suis (29.1%, Metastrongylus sp. (12.6%, Strongyloides ransomi (3.8%, Balantidium coli (38.0%, Entamoeba spp. (15.2%, Giardia spp. (1.3%, Blastocystis sp. (12.6%. The frequency of Entamoeba was higher in young animals. Coccidian oocysts were observed in 59.5% samples and five species of Eimeria and one Isospora were recovered: Eimeria scabra (31.9%, E. deblieck (31.9%, E. perminuta (23.4%, E. cerdonis (17.0%, E. scrofae (12.8% and Isospora suis (12.8%.

  7. Genetic variability among the wild boars (Sus scrofa scrofa), crossbred animals and pigs using microsatellite markers (STRs)

    OpenAIRE

    Silva, Paula Viana Correa da; Lui, Jeffrey Frederico; Band, Guilherme de Oliveira; Regitano, Luciana Correia de Almeida; Grossi, Selma de Fátima; Sollero, Bruna Pena; Nunes, Cleujosí da Silva

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this work was to study the genetic variability among the wild boars, crossbred animals and pigs using microsatellite markers. Five genetic groups were studied. The fragments of three microsatellites developed for Sus scrofa domestica - IGF1, ACTG2 and TNFB - were amplified through PCR technique to evaluate the expected intra populacion variability (He) and observed (Ho) heterozygosity, and endogamy coefficient (F IS ) within each population and inter population variability F IS , t...

  8. Pseudoscardovia radai sp. nov., A representative of the family Bifidobacteriaceae isolated from the digestive tract of a wild pig (Sus scrofa scrofa)

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Killer, Jiří; Havlík, J.; Bunešová, V.; Vlková, E.; Benada, Oldřich

    2014-01-01

    Roč. 64, č. 9 (2014), s. 2932-2938 ISSN 1466-5026 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA13-08803S Institutional support: RVO:67985904 ; RVO:61388971 Keywords : Sus scrofa scrofa Subject RIV: EE - Microbiology, Virology Impact factor: 2.511, year: 2014

  9. Comparison of methods of extracting messenger Ribonucleic Acid from ejaculated Porcine (Sus Scrofa) Spermatozoa

    Science.gov (United States)

    H. D. Guthrie, G.R. Welch, and L. A. Blomberg. Comparison of Methods of Extracting Messenger Ribonucleic Acid from Ejaculated Porcine (Sus Scrofa) Spermatozoa. Biotechnology and Germplasm Laboratory, Agricultural Research Service U. S. Department of Agriculture, Beltsville, MD 20705 The purpos...

  10. Genetic variability among the wild boars (Sus scrofa scrofa, crossbred animals and pigs using microsatellite markers (STRs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paula Viana Correa da Silva

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this work was to study the genetic variability among the wild boars, crossbred animals and pigs using microsatellite markers. Five genetic groups were studied. The fragments of three microsatellites developed for Sus scrofa domestica - IGF1, ACTG2 and TNFB - were amplified through PCR technique to evaluate the expected intra populacion variability (He and observed (Ho heterozygosity, and endogamy coefficient (F IS within each population and inter population variability F IS , testing relationship among five genetic groups to establish the genetic distance among them. The high level of observed heterozygosity values varied between 0.537 and 0.7871. Generally, F IS was low, suggesting that the endogamy did not exist between the tested animals.

  11. Serologic survey of the wild boar (Sus scrofa) for Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Juřicová, Zina; Hubálek, Zdeněk

    2009-01-01

    Roč. 9, č. 5 (2009), s. 479-482 ISSN 1530-3667 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA524/96/1059 EU Projects: European Commission(XE) 10284 - EDEN Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z60930519 Keywords : Borrelia burgdorferi * Sus scrofa * serosurvey * Czech Republic Subject RIV: GJ - Animal Vermins ; Diseases, Veterinary Medicine Impact factor: 2.607, year: 2009

  12. Cognitive testing of pigs (Sus scrofa) in translational biobehavioral research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kornum, Birgitte R; Knudsen, Gitte M

    2011-01-01

    of farm animal welfare researchers, but it has only recently received interest in the wider neuroscience community. Several behavioral tasks have successfully been adapted to the pig, and valuable results have been produced. However, most tasks have only been established at a single research facility......Within neuroscience and biobehavioral research, the pig (Sus scrofus) is increasingly being acknowledged as a valuable large animal species. Compared to the rodent brain, the pig brain more closely resembles the human brain in terms of both anatomy and biochemistry, which associates the pig...... with a higher translational value. Several brain disorders have been fully or partially modeled in the pig and this has further spurred an interest in having access to behavioral tasks for pigs, and in particular to cognitive tasks. Cognitive testing of pigs has been conducted for several years by a small group...

  13. Pig-mentation: postmortem iris color change in the eyes of Sus scrofa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abraham, Elizabeth; Cox, Margaret; Quincey, David

    2008-05-01

    Experienced forensic pathologists and examiners may be familiar with the phenomenon of postmortem iris color change; however, only Knight, Simpson's forensic medicine, Arnold, London, 1997; Ref. 1 and Saukko and Knight, Knight's forensic pathology, 3rd ed., Arnold, London, 2004; Ref. 2 have referred to it in the literature, and to date, there have been no published scientific research studies on this taphonomic artifact. A controlled experiment was conducted of postmortem changes to isolated Sus scrofa eyes. The eyes (n = 137) were separated into three groups and each sample was observed for 3-day postmortem at a different temperature. In addition, a Sus scrofa head was obtained to observe postmortem changes of eyes in situ. All isolated blue eyes in the experiment, at room temperature and higher, changed to brown/black within 48 h. The in situ blue eye, at room temperature, turned brown/black within 72 h. If iris color consistently changes postmortem in humans, then this taphonomic artifact must be incorporated into victim identification protocol, including disaster victim identification software, and autopsy reports to prevent inaccurate victim identification and inappropriate exclusion from the identification process.

  14. Sus scrofa

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Organization and International Society for Animal Genetics. (FAO-ISAG), are ideal for such studies. There is ... lite loci recommended for diversity studies using primers supplied courtesy of Professor M. Rothschild .... tics (direct count, effective number of alleles, observed and expected heterozygosities) for all of these at 14 ...

  15. The Osteometrical Characteristics of Mandibles of Sus Scrofa Population in the Czech Republic (České Budějovice) in Comparison with Sus Scrofa Population in Chile and Japan

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Dvořáková-Líšková, Zuzana; Hanzal, V.; Janiszewski, P.

    3/13, č. 3 (2007), s. 42-51 ISSN 0909-6396 R&D Projects: GA MŠk(CZ) 1P05OC060 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z60870520 Keywords : Sus Scrofa * osteometry Subject RIV: EG - Zoology Impact factor: 0.894, year: 2007

  16. Do changes in soil properties after rooting by wild boars (Sus scrofa) affect understory vegetation in Swiss hardwood forests?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sven Wirthner; Martin Schutz; Deborah S. Page-Dumroese; Matt D. Busse; James W. Kirchner; Anita C. Risch

    2012-01-01

    Recovering from small fragmented populations, wild boars (Sus scrofa L.) have considerably increased their numbers and their habitat range in many European countries during the past two decades. Although several studies have focused on the impact of wild boar rooting on selected vegetation properties, little is known about effects on entire forest ecosystems. The main...

  17. Microsatellite markers for identification and parentage analysis in the European wild boar (Sus scrofa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Costa Vânia

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The wild boar (Sus scrofa is among the most widespread mammal species throughout the old world. Presently, studies concerning microsatellites in domestic pigs and wild boars have been carried out in order to investigate domestication, social behavior and general diversity patterns among either populations or breeds. The purpose of the current study is to develop a robust set of microsatellites markers for parentage analyses and individual identification. Findings A set of 14 previously reported microsatellites markers have been optimized and tested in three populations from Hungary, Portugal and Spain, in a total of 167 samples. The results indicate high probabilities of exclusion (0.99999, low probability of identity (2.0E-13 – 2.5E-9 and a parentage assignment of 100%. Conclusions Our results demonstrate that this set of markers is a useful and efficient tool for the individual identification and parentage assignment in wild boars.

  18. Seroepidemiologic survey for Chlamydia suis in wild boar (Sus scrofa) populations in Italy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Di Francesco, Antonietta; Donati, Manuela; Morandi, Federico; Renzi, Maria; Masia, Marco Antonio; Ostanello, Fabio; Salvatore, Daniela; Cevenini, Roberto; Baldelli, Raffaella

    2011-07-01

    We used serology to estimate the prevalence of exposure to chlamydiae in Italian populations of wild boars (Sus scrofa). Sera from 173 hunter-killed wild boars harvested during the 2006-2009 hunting seasons in three Italian regions were tested for antibodies to Chlamydia suis, Chlamydophila pecorum, Chlamydophila abortus, and Chlamydophila psittaci by the microimmunofluorescence test. Antibody titers to chlamydiae ≥ 1:32 were detected in 110 of the 173 samples tested (63.6%). Specific reactivity could be assessed only in 44 sera with antibody titers to C. suis that were two- to threefold higher than antibody titers against the other chlamydial species; the other 66 sera had similar reactivity against all the chlamydia species tested. Antibody to C. suis was detected in sera from wild boar populations with rare or no known contact with domestic pigs. These results suggest that the wild boar could be a chlamydia reservoir and may acquire chlamydiae independent of contacts with the domestic pig.

  19. Shifts in soil biodiversity-A forensic comparison between Sus scrofa domesticus and vegetation decomposition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olakanye, Ayodeji O; Thompson, Tim; Ralebitso-Senior, T Komang

    2015-12-01

    In a forensic context, microbial-mediated cadaver decomposition and nutrient recycling cannot be overlooked. As a result, forensic ecogenomics research has intensified to gain a better understanding of cadaver/soil ecology interactions as a powerful potential tool for forensic practitioners. For this study, domestic pig (Sus scrofa domesticus) (4g) and grass (Agrostis/Festuca spp) cuttings (4g) were buried (July 2013 to July 2014) in sandy clay loam (80 g) triplicates in sealed microcosms (127 ml; 50 × 70 cm) with parallel soil only controls. The effects of the two carbon sources were determined by monitoring key environmental factors and changes in soil bacterial (16S rRNA gene) and fungal (18S rRNA gene) biodiversity. Soil pH changes showed statistically significant differences (p0.05) was observed between the treatments. Copyright © 2015 The Chartered Society of Forensic Sciences. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  20. Seroprevalence of Neospora caninum in feral swine (Sus scrofa) in the United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cerqueira-Cézar, Camila K; Pedersen, Kerri; Calero-Bernal, Rafael; Kwok, Oliver C; Villena, Isabelle; Dubey, Jitender P

    2016-08-15

    The protozoon Neospora caninum is a major cause of abortion in cattle worldwide. Canids (Canis familiaris, Canis latrans, Canis lupus) are definitive hosts whereas many other animal species, including pigs, are intermediate hosts for the parasite. Between 2012 and 2014, serum samples from 1059 feral swine (Sus scrofa) from 29 states of the USA were tested for N. caninum antibodies, using the N. caninum agglutination test (NAT). Of these, 159 (15.0%) feral pigs from 21 states tested positive, with a range of titers of 1:25 (cut-off) (n=153), 1:200 (1), 1:400 (1), 1:800 (3) and 1:3200 (1). Results indicate widespread exposure of feral swine to N. caninum infection across the USA. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  1. A comparative study of Sus scrofa M. longissimus dorsi with different changes in quality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irina Mikhailovna Chernukha

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The comparative study of Sus scrofa muscle tissue with different defects of quality was carried out. Such analysis methods as determination of water-binding capacity (WBC and pH values, microstructural studies, proteome methods, mass spectrometric methods, high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC and determine the concentration of cathepsin D, calpain 3 and myoglobin were applied in current study. DFD meat was characterized by high pH (6.2 and WBC (93.18%, while PSE - low pH (5.5 and WBC (79.19%. pH and WBC values in NOR pork was medium and averaged 5.9 and 92.05%, respectively. Microstructural studies revealed that fiber in exudative pork was the least and averaged 39.7 µm, normal pork was characterized by diameter of muscle of 45.5 µm, while DFD pork ‑ 48.3 µm. Protein composition of Sus scrofa muscle tissues were also investigated by one-dimensional and two-dimensional electrophoresis. 6 protein fractions were identified by mass spectrometry and confirmed as potential biomarkers of pork quality defects in meat and processes meat product. It also has been shown that PSE pork contains 8 characteristic peptides, NOR - 14, DFD - 18. Cathepsin D, calpain 3 and myoglobin content were measured in pork of different categories. The highest content of cathepsin D, calpain 3 and myoglobin was noticed in PSE pork and averaged 82.16 ±3.30 ng.mL-1; 1.280 ±0.082 ng.mL-1; 3.973 ±0.506 ng.mL-1, respectively. Since the study was carried out on samples of meat 24 hours after slaughter, this work had the prospect to further study of meat with different defects of quality during long-term autolysis.

  2. Characterization of Sus scrofa small non-coding RNAs present in both female and male gonads.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dorota Kowalczykiewicz

    Full Text Available Small non-coding RNAs (sncRNAs are indispensable for proper germ cell development, emphasizing the need for greater elucidation of the mechanisms of germline development and regulation of this process by sncRNAs. We used deep sequencing to characterize three families of small non-coding RNAs (piRNAs, miRNAs, and tRFs present in Sus scrofa gonads and focused on the small RNA fraction present in both male and female gonads. Although similar numbers of reads were obtained from both types of gonads, the number of unique RNA sequences in the ovaries was several times lower. Of the sequences detected in the testes, 2.6% of piRNAs, 9% of miRNAs, and 10% of tRFs were also present in the ovaries. Notably, the majority of the shared piRNAs mapped to ribosomal RNAs and were derived from clustered loci. In addition, the most abundant miRNAs present in the ovaries and testes are conserved and are involved in many biological processes such as the regulation of homeobox genes, the control of cell proliferation, and carcinogenesis. Unexpectedly, we detected a novel sncRNA type, the tRFs, which are 30-36-nt RNA fragments derived from tRNA molecules, in gonads. Analysis of S. scrofa piRNAs show that testes specific piRNAs are biased for 5' uracil but both testes and ovaries specific piRNAs are not biased for adenine at the 10th nucleotide position. These observations indicate that adult porcine piRNAs are predominantly produced by a primary processing pathway or other mechanisms and secondary piRNAs generated by ping-pong mechanism are absent.

  3. Intravenous Cobinamide, a Novel Cyanide Antidote, versus Hydroxocobalamin in the Treatment of Acute Cyanide Toxicity and Apnea in a Swine (Sus scrofa) Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-12

    and severe toxicity. Cobinamide was 5 times as potent as hydroxocobalamin. hydroxocobalamin, cobinamide, cyanide , poisoning , Vitamin B12a, Vit B12...treatment of acute, severe cyanide induced cardiotoxicity of severe hypotension and of cardiac arrest in a swine (Sus Scrofa) model Intravenous...cobinamide, a novel cyanide antidote, versus hydroxocobalamin in the treatment of acute cyanide toxicity and apnea in a swine (Sus Scrofa) model

  4. THE INFLUENCE OF AUTOLYSIS ON THE PROTEIN-PEPTIDE PROFILE OF Bos taurus AND Sus scrofa HEART AND AORTA TISSUES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. M. Chernukha

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The article presents the results of autolytic processes impact on the protein-peptide profile of Bos taurus and Sus scrofa cardiac muscle and aorta. The results of tissue-specific protein identification are also presented as well as the effect of autolysis. Apolipoprotein A-1 involved in the formation of high-density lipoproteins, peroxiredoxin-1 involved in the suppression of oxidative stress, galectin-1 induced apoptosis of T-lymphocytes, as well as number of heat shock proteins with molecular weight less than 30 kDa were identified in Sus scrofa aorta tissue. It was discovered that functional proteins with molecular weight less than 30 kDa are retained during the freezing process, but destroyed under the action of autolytic enzymes. This work was supported by the Russian Science Foundation (project No. 16–16–10073.

  5. Mortality Due to Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome Virus in Immunocompromised G?ttingen Minipigs (Sus scrofa domestica)

    OpenAIRE

    Pils, Marina C; Dreckmann, Karla; Jansson, Katharina; Glage, Silke; Held, Nadine; Sommer, Wiebke; L?nger, Florian; Avsar, Murat; Warnecke, Gregor; Bleich, Andr?

    2016-01-01

    Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) infection was diagnosed in 6 G?ttingen minipigs (Sus scrofa domestica) with severe interstitial pneumonia. The virus was defined as a North American (NA) subtype virus, which is common in the commercial pig population and might be derived from a widely used attenuated live-virus vaccine in Europe. The ORF5 sequence of the isolated PRRSV was 98% identical to the vaccine virus. The affected pigs were part of a lung transplantation mode...

  6. Determining the Cardiovascular Effect of Partial versus Complete REBOA in a Porcine (Sus scrofa) Model of Hemorrhagic Shock.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2018-03-09

    the Cardiovascular Effect of Partial versus Complete REBOA in a Porcine (Sus scrofa) Model of Hemorrhagic Shock. PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR (PI...or sentience been identified as potential study/training models in this protocol? No. REDUCTION: Since the last IACUC approval, have any methods...questions regarding applicability of REBOA in different positions for different therapeutic goals . This will, in turn, help to guide the practice of

  7. Contemporary Genetic Structure, Phylogeography and Past Demographic Processes of Wild Boar Sus scrofa Population in Central and Eastern Europe

    OpenAIRE

    Kusza, Szilvia; Podgórski, Tomasz; Scandura, Massimo; Borowik, Tomasz; Jávor, András; Sidorovich, Vadim E.; Bunevich, Aleksei N.; Kolesnikov, Mikhail; Jędrzejewska, Bogumiła

    2014-01-01

    The wild boar (Sus scrofa) is one of the most widely distributed mammals in Europe. Its demography was affected by various events in the past and today populations are increasing throughout Europe. We examined genetic diversity, structure and population dynamics of wild boar in Central and Eastern Europe. MtDNA control region (664 bp) was sequenced in 254 wild boar from six countries (Poland, Hungary, Belarus, Ukraine, Moldova and the European part of Russia). We detected 16 haplotypes, all k...

  8. Serological survey of the wild boar (Sus scrofa) for tularaemia and brucellosis in South Moravia, Czech Republic

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Hubálek, Zdeněk; Treml, F.; Juřicová, Zina; Huňady, M.; Halouzka, Jiří; Janík, V.; Bill, D.

    2002-01-01

    Roč. 47, 2-3 (2002), s. 60-66 ISSN 0375-8427 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA524/00/1122; GA AV ČR IBS6093007; GA AV ČR KSK6005114 Keywords : Sus scrofa * serosurvey * zoonoses Subject RIV: GJ - Animal Vermins ; Diseases, Veterinary Medicine Impact factor: 0.204, year: 2002 http://www.vri.cz/docs/vetmed/47-3-60.pdf

  9. A Pilot Study of Common Bile Duct Reconstruction with CorMatrix Extracellular Matrix in Swine (Sus scrofa)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-02-06

    degree of pain or distress experienced by study animals , or have animals of lower phylogenetic status or sentience been identified as potential study...60th Medical Group (AMC), Travis AFB, CA INSTITUTIONAL ANIMAL CARE AND USE COMMITTEE (IACUC) FINAL REPORT SUMMARY (Please~ all information. Use...TRIENNIAL REVISION DATE: N/A 1. RECORD OF ANIMAL USAGE: Animal Species: Total # Approved # Used this FY Total #Used to Date Swine (Sus scrofa) 10 10 10 2

  10. LIMITED ANTIBODY EVIDENCE OF EXPOSURE TO MYCOBACTERIUM BOVIS IN FERAL SWINE (SUS SCROFA) IN THE USA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pedersen, Kerri; Miller, Ryan S; Anderson, Theodore D; Pabilonia, Kristy L; Lewis, Jonathan R; Mihalco, Rebecca L; Gortázar, Christian; Gidlewski, Thomas

    2017-01-01

    Bovine tuberculosis is a chronic disease of cattle ( Bos taurus ) caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium bovis . Efforts have been made in the US to eradicate the disease in cattle, but spillover into wildlife and subsequent spillback have impeded progress in some states. In particular, infection in white-tailed deer ( Odocoileus virginianus ) has been followed by infection in cattle in some Midwestern states. Infection has also been documented in feral swine ( Sus scrofa ) on the Hawaiian island of Molokai and in various European countries, but no large-scale survey of antibody exposure to the bacteria has been conducted in feral swine in the US. We tested 488 sera from feral swine collected near previously documented outbreaks of bovine tuberculosis in cattle and captive cervids, in addition to 2,237 feral swine sera collected across the US from 1 October 2013 to 30 September 2014. While all but one of the samples were antibody negative, the results are important for establishing baseline negative data since feral swine are capable reservoirs and could be implicated in future outbreaks of the disease.

  11. EVIDENCE OF PSEUDORABIES VIRUS SHEDDING IN FERAL SWINE ( SUS SCROFA) POPULATIONS OF FLORIDA, USA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hernández, Felipe A; Sayler, Katherine A; Bounds, Courtney; Milleson, Michael P; Carr, Amanda N; Wisely, Samantha M

    2018-01-01

    :  Feral swine ( Sus scrofa) are a pathogen reservoir for pseudorabies virus (PrV). The virus can be fatal to wildlife and contributes to economic losses in the swine industry worldwide. National surveillance efforts in the US use serology to detect PrV-specific antibodies in feral swine populations, but PrV exposure is not a direct indicator of pathogen transmission among conspecifics or to non-suid wildlife species. We measured antibody production and the presence of PrV DNA in four tissue types from feral swine populations of Florida, US. We sampled blood, nasal, oral, and genital swabs from 551 individuals at 39 sites during 2014-16. Of the animals tested for antibody production, 224 of 436 (51%) feral swine were antibody positive while 38 of 549 feral swine (7%) tested for viral shedding were quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR)-positive for PrV. The detection of PrV DNA across all the collected sample types (blood, nasal, oral, and genital [vaginal] swabs) suggested viral shedding via direct (oronasal or venereal), and potentially indirect (through carcass consumption), routes of transmission among infected and susceptible animals. Fourteen of 212 seronegative feral swine were qPCR-positive, indicating 7% false negatives in the serologic assay. Our findings suggest that serology may underestimate the actual infection risk posed by feral swine to other species and that feral swine populations in Florida are capable of shedding the virus through multiple routes.

  12. Evaluation of different soil parameters and wild boar (Sus scrofa [L.] grassland damage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Žiga Laznik

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Presented in this paper are the correlations between different soil parameters [presence of grubs, earthworms, pH, content of P2O5, K2O and organic matter (OM in soil] and wild boar (Sus scrofa [L.] damage to grasslands. The soil samples and damage assessments were performed at six locations in the Kočevje region, which is a densely wooded part of South East Slovenia. A significant positive correlation was discovered between the extent of damage due to wild boar rooting in grasslands and the number of grubs (r=0.73, the weight of grubs (r=0.69 and the content of P2O5 (r=0.87 in the soil. The quantity and weight of grubs in soil were significantly influenced by soil pH, the content of CaCl2 (r=0.71/0.72, P2O5 (r=0.90/0.91, and OM (r=0.74/0.77; while the quantity and weight of earthworms in soil were influenced by the content of K2O (r=0.81/-0.84. A moderate yet insignificant correlation (r=0.48/0.56 was discovered between the number and weight of earthworms in soil and the extent of grassland damage. Grubs represent a more important source of protein for wild boars than earthworms; consequently, reducing the quantity of grubs in soil could minimise the extent of damage caused by boars.

  13. The Effect of Clothing on the Rate of Decomposition and Diptera Colonization on Sus scrofa Carcasses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Card, Allison; Cross, Peter; Moffatt, Colin; Simmons, Tal

    2015-07-01

    Twenty Sus scrofa carcasses were used to study the effect the presence of clothing had on decomposition rate and colonization locations of Diptera species; 10 unclothed control carcasses were compared to 10 clothed experimental carcasses over 58 days. Data collection occurred at regular accumulated degree day intervals; the level of decomposition as Total Body Score (TBSsurf ), pattern of decomposition, and Diptera present was documented. Results indicated a statistically significant difference in the rate of decomposition, (t427  = 2.59, p = 0.010), with unclothed carcasses decomposing faster than clothed carcasses. However, the overall decomposition rates from each carcass group are too similar to separate when applying a 95% CI, which means that, although statistically significant, from a practical forensic point of view they are not sufficiently dissimilar as to warrant the application of different formulae to estimate the postmortem interval. Further results demonstrated clothing provided blow flies with additional colonization locations. © 2015 American Academy of Forensic Sciences.

  14. Mycobacterium tuberculosis Infection in a Domesticated Korean Wild Boar ( Sus scrofa coreanus).

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    Seo, Min-Goo; Ouh, In-Ohk; Kim, Munki; Lee, Jienny; Kim, Young-Hoan; Do, Jae-Cheul; Kwak, Dongmi

    2017-06-01

    Tuberculosis, a chronic progressive disease, has been reported in bovine, swine, and primate species. Here, we report the first case of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection in a Korean wild boar ( Sus scrofa coreanus). The owners this domesticated boar brought it to the Gyeongbuk Veterinary Service Laboratory in Korea after it was found dead and severely emaciated. Demarcated yellowish white nodules were found around the larynx and retropharyngeal lymph node during necropsy. The lungs had diffuse fibrinous pleuritis, severe congestion, and scattered nodules. More nodules were found in the spleen. Tuberculosis is characterized by massive macrophage infiltration and central caseous necrosis; both characteristics were found in the lungs. Histopathologic examination revealed that the alveolar lumen had marked fibrosis and exudates. Examination of the fluid revealed extensive macrophage permeation. To confirm a Mycobacterium infection, PCR was performed using two primer sets specific to the rpoB gene of Mycobacterium; Mycobacterium was detected in the lungs and spleen. To identify the species of Mycobacterium, immunohistochemical evaluation was performed using antibodies against Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Mycobacterium bovis . The results revealed immunoreactivity against M. tuberculosis but not against M. bovis . The consumption of undercooked or raw meat from game animals may expose humans and other animals to sylvatic infection. Consequently, Koreans who ingest wild boar may be at risk of a tuberculosis infection. To reduce the risk of foodborne infection and maintain public health, continuous monitoring and control strategies are required.

  15. The anatomic surgical arterial segmentation of the kidney in wild boar (Sus scrofa

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    Elizângela Falcão Vale

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Thirty pairs of kidneys of wild boar (Sus scrofa were studied from adult males, with permission from the Brazilian Institute of the Environment (Process nº 02001.003237/05, aiming to characterize the vasculature and anatomic surgical segmentation. The arteries of these kidneys were injected with red pigment and subsequently submitted to acid corrosion in order to identify the renal arterial vascular pattern, particularly its divisions and distribution. The results reveal the sectorial branches of the renal arteries, two in number (cranial and caudal; the sectorial arteries provide the segmentary branches to the dorsal and ventral portions of the kidney; in the right kidney, the segmentary branches are 2-6 in the cranial sector and 3-7 in the caudal sector. In the right kidney, the segmentary branches are 3-7 and 2-7 in the same respective sectors; the vascular arterial symmetry (25% between the right and left kidney in the animals is evident. There are 3 arterial anatomic surgical segments on both kidneys. On the basis of the distribution of the sectorial and segmentary arteries, it is possible to accomplish setorectomy and segmentectomy on the kidneys of the wild boar, with functional aspects such as species preservation and animal experimental modeling.

  16. Zoonotic tick-borne bacteria among wild boars (Sus scrofa in Central Italy

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    Valentina Virginia Ebani

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this investigation was to estimate the occurrence of infections by the three zoonotic bacteria Anaplasma phagocytophilum (A. phagocytophilum, Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato (B. burgdorferi s.l. and Coxiella burnetii in wild boars (Sus scrofa in Central Italy. The spleen samples from 100 hunted wild boars were submitted to DNA extraction and PCR assays were carried out to detect the three agents. One (1% animal was positive for A. phagocytophilum, and three (3% for B. burgdorferi s.l. No positive reactions were observed for Coxiella burnetii. Wild boars did not seem to play an important role in the epidemiology of the three investigated agents. However, the detection of A. phagocytophilum and B. burgdorferi s.l. in the spleen of the tested animals showed that wild boars can harbor these pathogens, thus ticked that feeding on infected wild boars are likely to become infected, too, which represents a source of infection for other animals and humans. This is the first detection of A. phagocytophilum in wild boars in Italy.

  17. First report of Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis from caseous lymphadenitis lesions in Black Alentejano pig (Sus scrofa domesticus).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oliveira, Manuela; Barroco, Cynthia; Mottola, Carla; Santos, Raquel; Lemsaddek, Abdelhak; Tavares, Luis; Semedo-Lemsaddek, Teresa

    2014-09-21

    Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis is the etiologic agent of caseous lymphadenitis, a common disease in small ruminant populations throughout the world and responsible for a significant economic impact for producers. To our knowledge, this is the first characterization of C. pseudotuberculosis from caseous lymphadenitis lesions in Black Alentejano pig (Sus scrofa domesticus). In this study, phenotypic and genotypic identification methods allocated the swine isolates in C. pseudotuberculosis biovar ovis. The vast majority of the isolates were able to produce phospholipase D and were susceptible to most of the antimicrobial compounds tested. Macrorestriction patterns obtained by Pulsed Field Gel Electrophoresis (PFGE) grouped the C. pseudotuberculosis in two clusters with a high similarity index, which reveals their clonal relatedness. Furthermore, swine isolates were compared with C. pseudotuberculosis from caprines and PFGE patterns also showed high similarity, suggesting the prevalence of dominant clones and a potential cross-dissemination between these two animal hosts. This work represents the first report of Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis from caseous lymphadenitis lesions in Black Alentejano pig and alerts for the importance of the establishment of suitable control and sanitary management practices to control the infection and avoid further dissemination of this important pathogen to other animal hosts.

  18. Identification and antimicrobial resistance of microflora colonizing feral pig (Sus scrofa of Brazilian Pantanal

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    SS Lessa

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Antimicrobial resistance of bacteria is a worldwide problem affecting wild life by living with resistant bacteria in the environment. This study presents a discussion of outside factors environment on microflora of feral pigs (Sus scrofa from Brazilian Pantanal. Animals had samples collected from six different body sites coming from two separated geographic areas, Nhecolandia and Rio Negro regions. With routine biochemical tests and commercial kits 516 bacteria were identified, with 240 Gram-positive, predominantly staphylococci (36 and enterococci (186 strains. Among Gram-negative (GN bacteria the predominant specimens of Enterobacteriaceae (247 mainly represented by Serratia spp. (105, Escherichia coli (50, and Enterobacter spp. (40 and specimens not identified (7. Antimicrobial susceptibility was tested against 17 drugs by agar diffusion method. Staphylococci were negative to production of enterotoxins and TSST-1, with all strains sensitive towards four drugs and highest resistance toward ampicillin (17%. Enterococci presented the highest sensitivity against vancomycin (98%, ampicillin (94% and tetracycline (90%, and highest resistance pattern toward oxacillin (99%, clindamycin (83%, and cotrimoxazole (54%. In GN the highest resistance was observed with Serratia marcescens against CFL (98%, AMC (66% and AMP (60% and all drugs was most effective against E. coli SUT, TET (100%, AMP, TOB (98%, GEN, CLO (95%, CFO, CIP (93%. The results show a new profile of oxacillin-resistant enterococci from Brazilian feral pigs and suggest a limited residue and spreading of antimicrobials in the environment, possibly because of low anthropogenic impact reflected by the drug susceptibility profile of bacteria isolated.

  19. The reproductive pattern and potential of free ranging female wild boars (Sus scrofa) in Sweden.

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    Malmsten, Anna; Jansson, Gunnar; Lundeheim, Nils; Dalin, Anne-Marie

    2017-08-01

    The number and spatial distribution of wild boars (Sus scrofa) has increased remarkably in Sweden as well as in other European countries. To understand the population dynamics of the wild boar, knowledge of its reproductive period, oestrus cycle and reproductive success is essential. The aim of this study was therefore to describe the seasonal reproductive pattern and reproductive potential of a wild boar population in Sweden. The study was based on findings from macroscopic examinations of the reproductive organs from 575 hunter-harvested female wild boars (>30 kg body weight). Samples were collected between December 2011 and December 2015 in the southern and middle parts of Sweden. The age of the sampled animals was determined and dressed weight was noted. The stage of the reproductive cycle was defined according to ovarian structures and in relation to the appearance of/and findings in the uterus. The crown-rump length (CRL) of the embryos/foetuses was used to calculate the oestrus/mating month and month for the expected farrowing. The macroscopic examination revealed a seasonal variation of reproductive stages, although cyclic and pregnant females were found in all seasons. Moreover, the estimated oestrus/mating and farrowing months based on the CRL showed that mating and farrowing may occur 'off-season'. The average litter size (no. of embryos or foetuses) per pregnant female was 5.4. Sow weight and age had significant effect on both the reproductive potential (ovulation rate and litter size) and pregnancy rate, respectively. The reproductive potential in the studied wild boar population was high compared to studies from other countries and farrowing may occur 'off-season'. This suggests that the environmental conditions in Sweden, including supplemental feeding, are favourable for wild boar reproduction.

  20. Three-Dimensional Force Measurements During Rapid Palatal Expansion in Sus scrofa

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    Kelly Goeckner

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Rapid palatal expansion is an orthodontic procedure widely used to correct the maxillary arch. However, its outcome is significantly influenced by factors that show a high degree of variability amongst patients. The traditional treatment methodology is based on an intuitive and heuristic treatment approach because the forces applied in the three dimensions are indeterminate. To enable optimal and individualized treatment, it is essential to measure the three-dimensional (3D forces and displacements created by the expander. This paper proposes a method for performing these 3D measurements using a single embedded strain sensor, combining experimental measurements of strain in the palatal expander with 3D finite element analysis (FEA. The method is demonstrated using the maxillary jaw from a freshly euthanized pig (Sus scrofa and a hyrax-design rapid palatal expander (RPE appliance with integrated strain gage. The strain gage measurements are recorded using a computer interface, following which the expansion forces and extent of expansion are estimated by FEA. A total activation of 2.0 mm results in peak total force of about 100 N—almost entirely along the direction of expansion. The results also indicate that more than 85% of the input activation is immediately transferred to the palate and/or teeth. These studies demonstrate a method for assessing and individualizing expansion magnitudes and forces during orthopedic expansion of the maxilla. This provides the basis for further development of smart orthodontic appliances that provide real-time readouts of forces and movements, which will allow personalized, optimal treatment.

  1. Survey for selected pathogens in wild pigs (Sus scrofa) from Guam, Marianna Islands, USA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cleveland, Christopher A; DeNicola, Anthony; Dubey, J P; Hill, Dolores E; Berghaus, Roy D; Yabsley, Michael J

    2017-06-01

    Pigs (Sus scrofa) were introduced to Guam in the 1600's and are now present in high densities throughout the island. Wild pigs are reservoirs for pathogens of concern to domestic animals and humans. Exposure to porcine parvovirus, transmissible gastroenteritis, and Leptospira interrogans has been documented in domestic swine but data from wild pigs are lacking. The close proximity of humans, domestic animals, and wild pigs, combined with the liberal hunting of wild pigs, results in frequent opportunities for pathogen transmission. From February-March 2015, blood, tissue and ectoparasite samples were collected from 47 wild pigs. Serologic testing found exposure to Brucella spp. (2%), Toxoplasma gondii (11%), porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) virus (13%), porcine circovirus type 2 (36%), pseudorabies virus (64%), Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae (93%), Lawsonia intracellularis (93%), and porcine parvovirus (94%). Eleven (24%) samples had low titers (1:100) to Leptospira interrogans serovars Bratislava (n=6), Icterohaemorrhagiae (n=6), Pomona (n=2), and Hardjo (n=1). Kidney samples from nine pigs with Leptospira antibodies were negative for Leptospira antigens. Numerous pigs had Metastrongylus lungworms and three had Stephanurus dentatus. Lice (Hematopinus suis) and ticks (Amblyomma breviscutatum) were also detected. No antibodies to Influenza A viruses were detected. In contrast to the previous domestic swine survey, we found evidence of numerous pathogens in wild pigs including new reports of pseudorabies virus, PRRS virus, Brucella, and Leptospira in pigs on Guam. These findings highlight that domestic swine-wild pig interactions should be prevented and precautions are needed when handling wild pigs to minimize the risk of pathogen transmission. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  2. Helminth Parasites of Wild Boars, Sus scrofa, in Bushehr Prov-ince, Southwestern Iran

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    Majid MANSOURI

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Background: Wild boars, Sus scrofa, of wide distribution considered as a potential source of zoonotic parasites. The current study aimed to assess the prevalence of helminth infections in wild boars in the Persian Gulf coastal area (Bushehr Province, Southwestern Iran.Methods: Twenty-five wild boars, including 11 males and 14 females, were collected during a course of vertebrate pest control in the Bushehr Province, southwestern Iran in 2013. The specimen were immediately dissected and carefully searched for the parasites. During necropsy, each organ was examined macroscopically for presence of any helminthic agents. Tissue samples were taken from each organ. Moreover, samples were taken from the content of digestive system. Blood samples were also collected from each boar. All the samples were evaluated for helminth infections by parasitological methods.Results: Twenty-two (88% of the wild boars were infected with at least one helminth. Out of 25 wild boars, 1 (4% were infected with Cysticercus tenuicollis, the larval stage of Taenia hydatigena, 13 (52% with Macracanthorhynchus hirudinaceus, 17 (68% with Metastrongylus spp, and 20 (80% with Ascarops spp. Hydatid cyst was detected in the lung of one of the wild boars. No Trichinella spp. larvae were detected in any of the tissues of the animals when evaluated by artificial digestion method. In addition, no contamination with microfilaria was detected in any of animals when the blood samples were tested with Knott’s method.Conclusion: Wild boars are contaminated by some helminthes including zoonotic ones. These animals could be involved in the epidemiology of zoonotic helminth by acting as reservoir hosts. This in turn may bring potential risk for locals and residents of the Bushehr Province, Southwestern Iran.

  3. Ultra structure of the denervated vocal muscle mechanically in hogs (sus scrofa domestica

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    Leão, Henrique Zaquia

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The literature is not clear in the ultra-structural manifestations of the vocal wrinkles after neural wound. Objective: To verify the alterations that occur in a vocal fold mechanically denervated. Method: In this prospective study, it were utilized 15 hogs of commercial race (Sus scrofa domesticates, with age of 4 to 12 weeks. The animals were distributed in three groups, chosen at random. Everybody was submitted to the denervation of the right vocal fold, with surgical removal of a segment with three centimeters of the recurring right laryngeal nerve. After 45, 90 and 180 days of the operations, it was proceeded the biopsy of the vocal muscles, it was prosecuted the samples for transmission electron microscopy and, for the ultra-structural study, utilized the transmission electron microscopy Philips, model EM208S. Results: The biopsied groups with 45 and 90 days after operation of mechanical denervation, presented disorganization miofibrilar, only vestigial lines Z in many samples, as well like altered mithochondrions presenting limited sizes, and matrix mithocondrial rarefied with rare mithocondrial cristae present. The biopsied group with 180 days after operation of denervation, presented regular sarcomeres, mithocondrions with sizes and regular number with correct positioning between the sarcomerical units. Conclusion: The finds in the ultra-structure of the vocal muscles suggest to re enervation of the muscle being that the muscular mithochondrions were the most sensible structures to the denervated condition, successions by the cytoarchiteture of the miofibrilas; the finds in the ultra-structure of the vocal muscles suggests to reinervation of the muscle in the period of approximately six months.

  4. Mechanical transmission of vesicular stomatitis New Jersey virus by Simulium vittatum (Diptera: Simuliidae) to domestic swine (Sus scrofa).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Paul F; Howerth, Elizabeth W; Carter, Deborah; Gray, Elmer W; Noblet, Raymond; Mead, Daniel G

    2009-11-01

    Biting flies have been suggested as mechanical vectors of vesicular stomatitis New Jersey Virus (family Rhabdoviridae, genus Vesiculovirus, VSNJV) in livestock populations during epidemic outbreaks in the western United States. We conducted a proof-of-concept study to determine whether biting flies could mechanically transmit VSNJV to livestock by using a black fly, Simulium vittatum Zetterstedt (Diptera: Simuliidae), domestic swine, Sus scrofa L., model. Black flies mechanically transmitted VSNJV to a naive host after interrupted feeding on a vesicular lesion on a previously infected host. Transmission resulted in clinical disease in the naïve host. This is the first demonstration of mechanical transmission of VSNJV to livestock by insects.

  5. Características morfológicas da distribuição vascular cerebral de Sus scrofa Linnaeus (Mammalia, Artiodactyla Morphological characteristics of the cerebral vascular distribution of Sus scrofa Linnaeus (Mammalia, Artiodactyla

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    Jurandyr de A. Câmara Filho

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo do presente estudo foi verificar a vascularização arterial do encéfalo do javali, Sus scrofa Linnaeus, 1758, Suidae, e comparar com outras espécies. Cinco machos e cinco fêmeas foram injetados com látex colorido. O suprimento arterial do encéfalo foi descrito e análises morfológicas foram feitas. Nesta espécie o circuito arterial do encéfalo é formado por ramos da artéria carótida interna, como: as artérias comunicantes caudais, o ramo rostral, as artérias cerebrais rostrais, e artérias comunicantes rostrais.The aim this study was to verify the arterial vascularization of the wild boar brain, Sus scrofa Linnaeus, 1758, Suidae, and compare with other species. Five male and five female were injected with colored latex. The arterial supply of the brain was described and were done morphological analyses. In this species the arterial circuit of the brain is formed by the internal carotid artery branches, such as: the caudal communicant arteries, rostral branch, rostral cerebral arteries and rostral communicant arteries.

  6. Heavy metals in wild boar (Sus scrofa and related lesions

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    A. Zaccaroni

    2003-10-01

    Full Text Available Heavy metals are toxic elements naturally present in the environment which can be bioconcentrated by plants and animals and incorporated into food cycles. Thus the use of wildlife species as monitors is a useful tool to assess environmental pollution. Because of its ethological characteristics, wild boar is highly probable to be exposed to pollution, mainly by heavy metals. These pollutants, when present at high enough concentrations, can induce histological lesion in various tissues. The purpose of the present work was to investigate the levels of five metals (cadmium, copper, iron, lead and zinc in wild boar, Sus scrofa, originating from an Apennine area of Emilia Romagna, Northern Italy, and to evaluate any possible correlation with histological lesions eventually observed. Samples of several organs (liver, heart, kidney, diaphragm, abductor muscle, masseter, eye, testis, brain, lung and spleen were collected from hunted animals during winter 2001. Levels of metals were determined on freeze dried tissues employing microwave wet digestion. Toxicological analysis were performed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry and data expressed on a dry weight basis. Histopatological analyses were performed on fixed samples of the same tissue. Highest mean values were found in kidney for cadmium and copper (7 ± 1 ppm and 30 ± 2.6 ppm respectively and in liver for copper (21.16 ± 3.28 ppm, lead (2139 ± 680.6 ppb, iron (415.92 ± 24.41 ppm and zinc (94.76 ± 6.11 ppm. In all other tissues, mean concentrations of each metal were at low levels, and were comparable one another. A statistical difference was found for iron (p<0.05, copper (p<0.05 and cadmium (p<0.01 in kidney, in testis (p<0.01 for zinc and in liver for copper (p<0.05 and cadmium (p<0.01 as function of age cohorts. When sex was considered, a statistical difference was found for iron in eye, for copper in heart and for cadmium in heart and kidney. Histopatological analysis allowed

  7. Prevalence of antibodies to selected viral and bacterial pathogens in wild boar (Sus scrofa) in Campania Region, Italy.

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    Montagnaro, Serena; Sasso, Simona; De Martino, Luisa; Longo, Mariangela; Iovane, Valentina; Ghiurmino, Gianbenedetto; Pisanelli, Giuseppe; Nava, Donatella; Baldi, Loredana; Pagnini, Ugo

    2010-01-01

    Serum samples were collected from wild boars (Sus scrofa) harvested during the 2005-2006 hunting season in Campania, southern Italy. Samples were tested for antibodies to Leptospira interrogan, Brucella spp., Salmonella spp., Aujeszky disease virus (ADV), porcine reproductive and respiratory stress syndrome virus (PRRSV), porcine parvovirus (PPV), classical swine fever virus (CSFV), and swine vesicular disease virus (SVDV). Of the 342 serum samples tested, 15 (4.4%) were seropositive to Brucella spp., nine (2.6%) were seropositive to L. interrogans, 66 (19.3%) were seropositive for Salmonella spp., 105 (30.7%) were seropositive for ADV, 27 (7.9%) were seropositive for PPV, and 129 (37.7%) were seropositive for PRRSV. All sera tested seronegative for SVDV and CSFV antibodies. These results, recorded for the first time in Campania, support the hypothesis that wild boar are reservoirs of certain infectious agents, but some infections in wild boars originate from their domestic counterparts.

  8. Contemporary genetic structure, phylogeography and past demographic processes of wild boar Sus scrofa population in central and eastern Europe

    OpenAIRE

    Kusza, Szilvia; Podgorski, Tomasz; Scandura, Massimo; Borowik, Tomasz; Javor, Andras; Sidorovich, Vadim E.; Bunevich, Aleksei N.; Kolesnikov, Mikhail; Jędrzejewska, Bogumiła

    2014-01-01

    The wild boar (Sus scrofa) is one of the most widely distributed mammals in Europe. Its demography was affected by various events in the past and today populations are increasing throughout Europe. We examined genetic diversity, structure and population dynamics of wild boar in Central and Eastern Europe. MtDNA control region (664 bp) was sequenced in 254 wild boar from six countries (Poland, Hungary, Belarus, Ukraine, Moldova and the European part of Russia). We detected 16 haplotypes, all k...

  9. Endovascular Perfusion Augmentation for Critical Care (EPACC) as a Resuscitative Adjunct in a Swine (Sus scrofa) Polytrauma Model of Ischemia Reperfusion Injury

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-11-29

    FUNDING SOURCE: Henry M. Jackson Foundation 1. RECORD OF ANIMAL USAGE: Animal Species : Total # Approved # Used this FY Total # Used to Date Sus scrofa 44 20...deeperunderstanding ofZone 1 versus Zone 3 aortic occlusion in the setting of hemorrhagic shock. From this data we havedeveloped a new treatment algorithm for...Endovascular Balloon Occlusion of the Aorta (REBOA) is an emerging technology to augment proximal blood pressure during the resuscitation of patients with non

  10. Associations of MYF5 gene polymorphisms with meat quality traits in different domestic pig (Sus scrofa populations

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    Min Liu

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available The MYF5 gene is first inducibly expressed in muscle cell during embryonic muscle development and plays an important role in regulating the differentiation of skeletal muscle precursors. In this study we used PCR-RFLP to investigate two pig (Sus scrofa populations (n = 302 for two MYF5 gene polymorphisms, a previously unreported novel Met-Leu shift single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP MYF5/Hsp92II located on exon 1 and the previously identified intron 1 MYF5/HinfI SNP. Haplotype and association analysis showed that haplotypes of the two SNPs were significantly associated with drip loss rate (DLR, p < 0.05, water holding capacity (WHC, p < 0.05, biceps femoris meat color value (MCV2, p < 0.05, biceps femoris marbling score (MM2, p < 0.01, longissimus dorsi intramuscular fat percentage (IMF, p < 0.01 and longissimus dorsi Water moisture content (WM, p < 0.01 in the population 2. However, further studies are needed to confirm these preliminary results.

  11. Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus and porcine circovirus type 2 infections in wild boar (Sus scrofa) in southwestern Germany.

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    Hammer, Ralf; Ritzmann, Mathias; Palzer, Andreas; Lang, Christiane; Hammer, Birgit; Pesch, Stefan; Ladinig, Andrea

    2012-01-01

    Samples were collected from 203 wild boars (Sus scrofa) hunted in Baden-Wurtemburg, Germany from November-January 2008 and 2009. Samples from the lung and tonsil were analyzed by quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) for porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) type 1 (European type) and type 2 (American type). A qPCR to detect porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2)-specific genome was performed on tissue homogenates including lung, tonsils, and inguinal lymph nodes. Serum samples were tested for antibodies against PRRSV and PCV2 by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). No PRRSV was detected in any of the 203 samples and one sample had detectable antibodies against PRRSV. We detected PCV2 in organ materials from 103 wild boars with a prevalence of 50.7%. The number of wild boars positive for PCV2 by PCR varied according to the population density of wild boars among woodlands. More positive samples were detected in woodlands with a high density of wild boars. We found no correlation between the number of PCV2-positive wild boars and the density of domestic pigs in the surrounding area. The number of wild boars positive for antibodies against PCV2 by the INGEZIM Circovirus IgG/IgM test kit was low (53 sera positive for IgG- and three sera positive for IgM-antibodies) in comparison to the higher positive results from the INGEZIM CIRCO IgG test kit (102 positive and 12 inconclusive results).

  12. Characterization of glutathione S-transferases from Sus scrofa, Cydia pomonella and Triticum aestivum: their responses to cantharidin.

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    Yang, Xue-Qing; Zhang, Ya-Lin

    2015-02-01

    Glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) play a key role in detoxification of xenobiotics in organisms. However, their other functions, especially response to the natural toxin cantharidin produced by beetles in the Meloidae and Oedemeridae families, are less known. We obtained GST cDNAs from three sources: Cydia pomonella (CpGSTd1), Sus scrofa (SsGSTα1), and Triticum aestivum (TaGSTf3). The predicted molecular mass is 24.19, 25.28 and 24.49 kDa, respectively. These proteins contain typical N-terminal and C-terminal domains. Recombinant GSTs were heterologously expressed in Escherichia coli as soluble fusion proteins. Their optimal activities are exhibited at pH 7.0-7.5 at 30 °C. Activity of CpGSTd1 is strongly inhibited by cantharidin and cantharidic acid, but is only slightly suppressed by the demethylated analog of cantharidin and cantharidic acid. Enzymatic assays revealed that cantharidin has no effect on SsGSTα1 activity, while it significantly stimulates TaGSTf3 activity, with an EC50 value of 0.3852 mM. Activities of these proteins are potently inhibited by the known GST competitive inhibitor: S-hexylglutathione (GTX). Our results suggest that these GSTs from different sources share similar structural and biochemical characteristics. Our results also suggest that CpGSTd1 might act as a binding protein with cantharidin and its analogs. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  13. Honest signaling in domestic piglets (Sus scrofa domesticus): vocal allometry and the information content of grunt calls.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia, Maxime; Wondrak, Marianne; Huber, Ludwig; Fitch, W Tecumseh

    2016-06-15

    The information conveyed in acoustic signals is a central topic in mammal vocal communication research. Body size is one form of information that can be encoded in calls. Acoustic allometry aims to identify the specific acoustic correlates of body size within the vocalizations of a given species, and formants are often a useful acoustic cue in this context. We conducted a longitudinal investigation of acoustic allometry in domestic piglets (Sus scrofa domesticus), asking whether formants of grunt vocalizations provide information concerning the caller's body size over time. On four occasions, we recorded grunts from 20 kunekune piglets, measured their vocal tract length by means of radiographs (X-rays) and weighed them. Controlling for effects of age and sex, we found that body weight strongly predicts vocal tract length, which in turn determines formant frequencies. We conclude that grunt formant frequencies could allow domestic pigs to assess a signaler's body size as it grows. Further research using playback experiments is needed to determine the perceptual role of formants in domestic pig communication. © 2016. Published by The Company of Biologists Ltd.

  14. Evaluation of a Commercial ELISA for the Detection of Antibodies to Sarcoptes scabiei in Wild Boar (Sus scrofa).

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    Haas, Chloé; Rossi, Sophie; Meier, Roman; Ryser-Degiorgis, Marie-Pierre

    2015-07-01

    Sarcoptic mange occurs in free-ranging wild boar (Sus scrofa) but has been poorly described in this species. We evaluated the performance of a commercial indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for serodiagnosis of sarcoptic mange in domestic swine when applied to wild boar sera. We tested 96 sera from wild boar in populations without mange history ("truly noninfected") collected in Switzerland between December 2012 and February 2014, and 141 sera from free-ranging wild boar presenting mange-like lesions, including 50 live animals captured and sampled multiple times in France between May and August 2006 and three cases submitted to necropsy in Switzerland between April 2010 and February 2014. Mite infestation was confirmed by skin scraping in 20 of them ("truly infected"). We defined sensitivity of the test as the proportion of truly infected that were found ELISA-positive, and specificity as the proportion of truly noninfected that were found negative. Sensitivity and specificity were 75% and 80%, respectively. Success of antibody detection increased with the chronicity of lesions, and seroconversion was documented in 19 of 27 wild boar sampled multiple times that were initially negative or doubtful. In conclusion, the evaluated ELISA has been successfully applied to wild boar sera. It appears to be unreliable for early detection in individual animals but may represent a useful tool for population surveys.

  15. Levantamento da fauna de Coleoptera que habita a carcaça de Sus scrofa L., em Curitiba, Paraná A study of the Coleoptera (Insecta fauna that inhabits Sus scrofa L. carcass in Curitiba, Paraná

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kleber Makoto Mise

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho visou levantar a fauna de Coleoptera associada à carcaça de Sus scrofa L.,1758, espécie utilizada como modelo em Entomologia Forense. O acréscimo ou a substituição seqüencial das espécies de insetos pode ser utilizado para estimar o intervalo post mortem (IPM. O experimento foi realizado no Centro Politécnico (UFPR, de setembro de 2005 a setembro de 2006. A cada estação foi sacrificado um suíno de 15 kg no local, colocado em gaiola. A captura dos insetos foi realizada diariamente em bandeja posicionada abaixo da carcaça e em armadilha tipo Shannon modificada, e a cada 14 dias em cinco armadilhas do tipo pit-fall. Foram coletados 4.360 Coleoptera, pertencentes a 112 espécies de 26 famílias, 12 consideradas de importância forense. A coleta ativa realizada na bandeja foi responsável pela maior captura (2.023 espécimes, seguida pela armadilha Shannon modificada (2.016 espécimes e por último pelas do tipo pit-fall (324 espécimes. Staphylinidae foi mais coletada na bandeja e Shannon modificada, e Silphidae na armadilha pit-fall. Os principais hábitos encontrados foram predador/parasita (55%e onívoro (38,05%, com poucas espécies consideradas necrófagas (1,31%.This paper sought to assess the Coleoptera fauna associated with carcasses of Sus scrofa L., 1758, which is usually used as model in Forensic Entomology. The addition and sequential substitution of insect species could be used to estimate the post mortem interval (PMI. The present study took place in Centro Politécnico (UFPR, between september 2005 to september 2006. A pig weighting 15 kg was sacrificed each season and put inside a cage. Sampling is made daily in a tray placed below the carcass and in a Shannon modified trap, and each 14 days in five pit-fall traps. 4,360 beetles were collected, belonging to 112 species of 26 families, 12 were considered of forensic potential. The active collecting made in the tray was responsible for the largest number of

  16. Contemporary genetic structure, phylogeography and past demographic processes of wild boar Sus scrofa population in Central and Eastern Europe.

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    Szilvia Kusza

    Full Text Available The wild boar (Sus scrofa is one of the most widely distributed mammals in Europe. Its demography was affected by various events in the past and today populations are increasing throughout Europe. We examined genetic diversity, structure and population dynamics of wild boar in Central and Eastern Europe. MtDNA control region (664 bp was sequenced in 254 wild boar from six countries (Poland, Hungary, Belarus, Ukraine, Moldova and the European part of Russia. We detected 16 haplotypes, all known from previous studies in Europe; 14 of them belonged to European 1 (E1 clade, including 13 haplotypes from E1-C and one from E1-A lineages. Two haplotypes belonged respectively to the East Asian and the Near Eastern clade. Both haplotypes were found in Russia and most probably originated from the documented translocations of wild boar. The studied populations showed moderate haplotype (0.714±0.023 and low nucleotide diversity (0.003±0.002. SAMOVA grouped the genetic structuring of Central and Eastern European wild boar into three subpopulations, comprising of: (1 north-eastern Belarus and the European part of Russia, (2 Poland, Ukraine, Moldova and most of Belarus, and (3 Hungary. The multimodal mismatch distribution, Fu's Fs index, Bayesian skyline plot and the high occurrence of shared haplotypes among populations did not suggest strong demographic fluctuations in wild boar numbers in the Holocene and pre-Holocene times. This study showed relatively weak genetic diversity and structure in Central and Eastern European wild boar populations and underlined gaps in our knowledge on the role of southern refugia and demographic processes shaping genetic diversity of wild boar in this part of Europe.

  17. Contemporary genetic structure, phylogeography and past demographic processes of wild boar Sus scrofa population in Central and Eastern Europe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kusza, Szilvia; Podgórski, Tomasz; Scandura, Massimo; Borowik, Tomasz; Jávor, András; Sidorovich, Vadim E; Bunevich, Aleksei N; Kolesnikov, Mikhail; Jędrzejewska, Bogumiła

    2014-01-01

    The wild boar (Sus scrofa) is one of the most widely distributed mammals in Europe. Its demography was affected by various events in the past and today populations are increasing throughout Europe. We examined genetic diversity, structure and population dynamics of wild boar in Central and Eastern Europe. MtDNA control region (664 bp) was sequenced in 254 wild boar from six countries (Poland, Hungary, Belarus, Ukraine, Moldova and the European part of Russia). We detected 16 haplotypes, all known from previous studies in Europe; 14 of them belonged to European 1 (E1) clade, including 13 haplotypes from E1-C and one from E1-A lineages. Two haplotypes belonged respectively to the East Asian and the Near Eastern clade. Both haplotypes were found in Russia and most probably originated from the documented translocations of wild boar. The studied populations showed moderate haplotype (0.714±0.023) and low nucleotide diversity (0.003±0.002). SAMOVA grouped the genetic structuring of Central and Eastern European wild boar into three subpopulations, comprising of: (1) north-eastern Belarus and the European part of Russia, (2) Poland, Ukraine, Moldova and most of Belarus, and (3) Hungary. The multimodal mismatch distribution, Fu's Fs index, Bayesian skyline plot and the high occurrence of shared haplotypes among populations did not suggest strong demographic fluctuations in wild boar numbers in the Holocene and pre-Holocene times. This study showed relatively weak genetic diversity and structure in Central and Eastern European wild boar populations and underlined gaps in our knowledge on the role of southern refugia and demographic processes shaping genetic diversity of wild boar in this part of Europe.

  18. Serologic, molecular, and pathologic survey of pseudorabies virus infection in hunted wild boars (Sus scrofa) in Italy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verin, Ranieri; Varuzza, Paolo; Mazzei, Maurizio; Poli, Alessandro

    2014-07-01

    To investigate pseudorabies-virus (PrV) -antibody and viral-DNA prevalence, we collected blood, nasal and genital swabs, and tonsillar and lymph-node tissue samples from 139 wild boars (Sus scrofa; 39 piglets, 30 juveniles, and 70 adults), during the hunting season of 2010-2011 in Tuscany, Central Italy. We performed immunohistochemistry with anti-PrV monoclonal antibodies on selected tissue samples. Forty-three of 139 (30.9%) boars were PrV-antibody positive and a 1,954-base-pair PrV-specific product was amplified from nine nasal (6.5%) and 26 genital (18.7%) swabs. Sequence analysis of PrV-positive PCR products revealed identity scores of 99-100% with Suid herpesvirus 1 strain Becker (JF797219) and confirmed the identification of PrV DNA in tested swabs. There was significantly higher antibody prevalence in adults than in juveniles and in piglets than in juveniles. The prevalence of viral DNA was significantly higher in genital swabs than in nasal specimens. The percentage of positive nasal swabs did not differ among age classes. Piglets had a higher percentage of PCR-positive genital swabs than juvenile and adult subjects (30.8% vs. 13.3% and 14.3%, respectively). Results confirmed that PrV infection is widespread in the wild boar population in the study area. The presence of anti-PrV antibodies and of the PrV virus in piglets could be related to vertical transmission of the virus. This hypothesis was also supported by a higher presence of viral genome in genital swabs than in nasal swabs. This field study supports the importance of vertical transmission of PrV, and the high prevalence of virus in genital swabs supports venereal transmission in adult feral boars.

  19. Mercury and selenium binding biomolecules in terrestrial mammals (Cervus elaphus and Sus scrofa) from a mercury exposed area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ropero, M J Patiño; Fariñas, N Rodríguez; Krupp, E; Mateo, R; Nevado, J J Berzas; Martín-Doimeadios, R C Rodríguez

    2016-06-01

    Mercury (Hg) is likely bound to large biomolecules (e.g. proteins) in living organisms, and in order to assess Hg metabolic pathways and possible toxicological effects, it is essential to study these Hg containing biomolecules. However, the exact nature of most metal binding biomolecules is unknown. Such studies are still in their infancy and information on this topic is scarce because the analysis is challenging, mainly due to their lability upon digestion or extraction from the tissue. New analytical methods that allow complex Hg-biomolecules to be analysed intact are needed and only few very recent studies deal with this approach. Therefore, as an initial step towards the characterization of Hg containing biomolecules, an analytical procedure has been optimised using size-exclusion chromatography (SEC) with inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) detection. We applied this technique to elucidate the distribution and elution profile of Hg and Se, and some physiological important elements such as Fe, Ni, Zn and Cu, to assess metal binding profiles in liver and kidney samples of red deer (Cervus elaphus) and wild boar (Sus scrofa) who roam freely within the largest Hg mining district on Earth, Almadén in Spain. Elemental fractionation profiles of the extracts from different tissues were obtained using two different SEC columns (BioSep-SEC-S2000 GL 300-1kDa and Superdex 75 10/300 GL 70-3kDa). Similar profiles of Hg were observed in red deer and wild boar; however, significant differences were evident for liver and kidney. Moreover, the profiles of Se showed a single peak at high-medium molecular weight in all investigated tissues, while co-elution of Hg with Fe, Ni, Zn and Cu was observed. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  20. Diagnosis of tuberculosis in the wild boar (Sus scrofa: a comparison of methods applicable to hunter-harvested animals.

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    Nuno Santos

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: To obtain robust epidemiological information regarding tuberculosis (TB in wildlife species, appropriate diagnostic methods need to be used. Wild boar (Sus scrofa recently emerged as a major maintenance host for TB in some European countries. Nevertheless, no data is available to evaluate TB post-mortem diagnostic methods in hunter-harvested wild boar. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Six different diagnostic methods for TB were evaluated in parallel in 167 hunter-harvested wild boar. Compared to bacteriological culture, estimates of sensitivity of histopathology was 77.8%, gross pathology 72.2%, PCR for the MPB70 gene 66.7%, detection of acid-fast bacilli (AFB in tissue contact smears 55.6% and in histopathology slides 16.7% (estimated specificity was 96.7%, 100%, 100%, 94.4% and 100%, respectively. Combining gross pathology with stained smears in parallel increased estimated sensitivity to 94.4% (94.4% specificity. Four probable bacteriological culture false-negative animals were identified by Discriminant Function Analysis. Recalculating the parameters considering these animals as infected generated estimated values for sensitivity of bacteriology and histopathology of 81.8%, gross pathology 72.7%, PCR for the MPB70 gene 63.6%, detection of AFB in tissue contact smears 54.5% and in histopathology slides 13.6% (estimated specificity was 100% for gross pathology, PCR, bacteriology and detection of AFB in histopathology slides, 96.7% for histopathology and 94.4% for stained smears. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: These results show that surveys for TB in wild boar based exclusively on gross pathology considerably underestimate prevalence, while combination of tests in parallel much improves sensitivity and negative predictive values. This finding should thus be considered when planning future surveys and game meat inspection schemes. Although bacteriological culture is the reference test for TB diagnosis, it can generate false

  1. ESTUDIO DE LA ENTOMOFAUNA SUCESIONAL ASOCIADA A LA DESCOMPOSICIÓN DE UN CADÁVER DE CERDO DOMÉSTICO (Sus scrofa) EN CONDICIONES DE CAMPO

    OpenAIRE

    Salazar-Ortega, Jorge; Departamento de Biología, Facultad de Ciencias Naturales y Matemáticas, Universidad de Nariño Cll. 26ª No 23-77, San Juan de Pasto, Nariño

    2008-01-01

    Durante los meses de julio a septiembre de 2003, se realizó la caracterización de la entomofauna de importancia forense presente en la descomposición de dos cerdos (Sus scrofa), utilizados como sujeto de muestreo y control respectivamente, en la granja experimental de la Federación Nacional de Cafeteros de Colombia (sede Consacá, Nariño). Los primeros insectos colonizadores del cadáver fueron las familias Calliphoridae y Sarcophagidae (Diptera); de la primera se capturaron individuos pertenec...

  2. The wild boar (Sus scrofa Linnaeus, 1758) as secondary reservoir of Fasciola hepatica in Galicia (NW Spain).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mezo, Mercedes; González-Warleta, Marta; Castro-Hermida, José Antonio; Manga-González, M Yolanda; Peixoto, Raquel; Mas-Coma, Santiago; Valero, M Adela

    2013-12-06

    Fasciolosis is an emerging or reemerging human and animal disease in numerous parts of the world. In Galicia (NW, Spain), the wild boar (Sus scrofa) is the main wild ungulate in terms of abundance and distribution. Its population has continuously increased over the past decades and this population growth has been accompanied by a reduction of habitats, so that the wild boar populations encroach more and more frequently onto agricultural lands. The increase of the interface area between livestock and the wild boars frequently involves the sharing of pastures and water sources, so that the circulation of common pathogens is propitiated. This is the first report concerning the importance of the wild boar as a possible reservoir of Fasciola hepatica infection in Spain. Livers from 358 hunted wild boars were analyzed showing that 11.2% were parasitized by F. hepatica, with burdens ranging from 1 to 14 flukes (mean=2.3). Fecal analysis demonstrated that 40.0% of parasitized animals shed F. hepatica eggs with a mean excretion of 6.1 eggs per gram of feces (epg). The presence of coproantigens analyzed by MM3-COPRO ELISA was positive in 62.9% of infected wild boars. After incubation, the percentage of hatched eggs ranged between 41.0% and 90.0% suggesting that the wild boar is very likely to contribute to the environmental contamination with viable parasite eggs. Comparative morphometric data were obtained using a computer image analysis system (CIAS) on the basis of standardized measurements. F. hepatica from cattle, sheep and wild boars from the same geographical area presents a similar body development and gravidity. Our study shows for the first time that the F. hepatica uterus from the wild boar presents an intermediate size between that found in primary reservoir hosts such as cattle and sheep, i.e., the individual potential egg output capacity of the wild boar does not greatly differ from that detected in Galician livestock. These results show that F. hepatica in

  3. The European Distribution of Sus Scrofa. Model Outputs from the Project Described within the Poster – Where are All the Boars? An Attempt to Gain a Continental Perspective

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    Neil Stewart Alexander

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Wild boar is a host of a number of arthropod-vectored diseases and its numbers are on the rise in mainland Europe. The species potentially impacts ecosystems, humans and farming practices and so its distribution is of interest to policy makers in a number of fields beyond that of the primarily epidemiological goal of this study. Three statistical model outputs describing the distribution and abundance of the species Sus scrofa (Wild boar are included in this data package. The extent of this dataset covers continental Europe. These data were presented as a poster [1] at the conference Genes, Ecosystems and Risk of Infection (GERI 2015. The first of the three models provide a European map presenting the probability of presence of Sus scrofa, which can be used to describe the likely geographical distribution of the species. The second and third models provide indices to help describe the likely abundance across the continent. The two indices include “the proportion of suitable habitat where presence is estimated” and a simple classification of boar abundance across Europe using quantiles of existing abundance data and proxies.

  4. Espansione del Cinghiale (Sus scrofa e danni alle coltivazioni in un'area delle Prealpi occidentali

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    Anna Brangi

    2003-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Wild boar (Sus scrofa spreading and crop damage in an area of western Prealps We analysed the agricultural damage reports from 1986 to 1996 to evidence the wild boar distribution in Biella province and the pattern of land occupancy. These reports were yearly divided and mapped for the single municipalities to obtain a picture of the range variations in the time. From the same reports we calculated three indexes of the importance of the Wild boar damages: the damaged surface for each municipality, its percentage value on the surface of each municipality and the occurrence of damages for each municipality. During the study period, we observed a dramatic increase of the number of municipalities affected by wild boar damages and of the species range. The yearly damaged surface grew over 25 times too. The Discriminant Function Analysis carried out between damaged and undamaged municipalities correctly classified 78,1% of total cases by three variables: mixed woods, pastures and dry crops, the second one being the most important. The Multiple Regression Analysis of the damages occurrence vs. habitat variables explained 77,3% of independent variable variance by five variables, which entered the model. The trend analysis, carried out by the seasonal regression, using the surface and the occurrence of damages, evidenced a marked seasonality of the damages and a stability trend, after an initial positive trend. Riassunto Per evidenziare la distribuzione del Cinghiale in provincia di Biella e le modalità d'occupazione del territorio nel corso degli anni, sono state utilizzate le denunce dei danni pervenute all Amministrazione provinciale dal 1986 al 1996. Queste sono state ripartite per comune e mappate anno per anno per fornire una rappresentazione delle variazioni di areale nel corso del tempo. Dalle stesse denunce di danni e per lo stesso arco di tempo sono stati calcolati tre indici

  5. The First Report of Mycobacterium celatum Isolation from Domestic Pig (Sus scrofa domestica and Roe Deer (Capreolus capreolus and an Overview of Human Infections in Slovenia

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    Mateja Pate

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Mycobacterium celatum, a slowly growing potentially pathogenic mycobacterium first described in humans, is regarded as an uncommon cause of human infection, though capable of inducing invasive disease in immunocompromised hosts. According to some reports, a serious disease due to M. celatum may also occur in individuals with no apparent immunodeficiency. In animals, an M. celatum-related disease has been described in three cases only: twice in a domestic ferret (Mustela putorius furo and once in a white-tailed trogon (Trogon viridis. In this paper, we report the first detection of M. celatum in a domestic pig (Sus scrofa domestica and roe deer (Capreolus capreolus. A nation-wide overview of human M. celatum infections recorded in Slovenia between 2000 and 2010 is also given. Pulmonary disease due to M. celatum was recognized in one patient with a history of a preexisting lung disease.

  6. Novel Y-chromosome short tandem repeats in Sus scrofa and their variation in European wild boar and domestic pig populations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Iacolina, Laura; Brajkovic, Vladimir; Canu, Antonio

    2016-01-01

    repeats (STRs) in Sus scrofa using the available genome sequence. We selected four polymorphic loci (5–10 alleles per locus), falling in one duplicated and two single-copy regions. A total of 32 haplotypes were found by screening 211 individuals from eight wild boar populations across Europe and five...... domestic pig populations. European wild boar were characterized by significantly higher levels of haplotype diversity compared to European domestic pigs (HD = 0.904 ± 0.011 and HD = 0.491 ± 0.077 respectively). Relationships among STR haplotypes were investigated by combining them with single nucleotide...... polymorphisms at two linked genes (AMELY and UTY) in a network analysis. A differentiation between wild and domestic populations was observed (FST = 0.229), with commercial breeds sharing no Y haplotype with the sampled wild boar. Similarly, a certain degree of geographic differentiation was observed across...

  7. Serological investigation of wild boars (Sus scrofa) and red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) as indicator animals for circulation of Francisella tularensis in Germany.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Otto, Peter; Chaignat, Valerie; Klimpel, Diana; Diller, Roland; Melzer, Falk; Müller, Wolfgang; Tomaso, Herbert

    2014-01-01

    Tularemia outbreaks in humans have recently been reported in many European countries, but data on the occurrence in the animal population are scarce. In North America, seroconversion of omnivores and carnivores was used as indicator for the presence of tularemia, for the European fauna, however, data are barely available. Therefore, the suitability of wild boars (Sus scrofa) and red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) as indicators for the circulation of F. tularensis in Germany was evaluated. Serum samples from 566 wild boars and 457 red foxes were collected between 1995 and 2012 in three federal states in Central Germany (Hesse, Saxony-Anhalt, and Thuringia). The overall rate of seropositive animals was 1.1% in wild boars and 7.4% in red foxes. In conclusion, serological examination of red foxes is recommended, because they can be reliably used as indicator animals for the presence of F. tularensis in the environment.

  8. Identification of mtDNA lineages of Sus scrofa by multiplex single base extension for the authentication of processed food products.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Asch, Barbara; Silva Santos, Liliana; Carneiro, Joao; Pereira, Filipe; Amorim, Antonio

    2011-07-13

    A genetic method to identify the breed of origin could serve as a useful tool for inspecting the authenticity of the increasing number of monobreed foodstuffs, such as those derived from small local European pig breeds. Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) is practically the only reliable genomic target for PCR in processed products, and its haploid nature and strict maternal inheritance greatly facilitate genetic analysis. As a result of strategies that sought to improve the production traits of European pigs, most industrial breeds presently show a high frequency of Asian alleles, while the absence or low frequency of such Asian alleles has been observed in small rustic breeds from which highly prized dry-cured and other traditional products are derived. Therefore, the detection of Asian ancestry would indicate nonconformity in Protected Denomination of Origin products. This study presents a single base extension assay based on 15 diagnostic mtDNA single nucleotide polymorphisms to discriminate between Asian and European Sus scrofa lineages. The test was robust, sensitive and accurate in a wide range of processed foodstuffs and allowed accurate detection of pig genetic material and identification of maternal ancestry. A market survey suggested that nonconformity of products derived from Portuguese breeds is an unusual event at present, but regular surveys both in the local populations and in commercial products would be advisible. Taking into consideration the limitations presented by other methodologies, this mtDNA-based test probably attains the highest resolution for the direct genetic test for population of origin in Sus scrofa food products.

  9. Sarcophagidae (Insecta, Diptera associados à decomposição de carcaças de Sus scrofa Linnaeus (Suidae em área de Cerrado do Distrito Federal, Brasil Sarcophagidae (Insecta, Diptera associated to the decay process of Sus scrofa Linnaeus (Suidae carcasses in a Cerrado area of Distrito Federal, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Meneses de Barros

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho apresenta uma lista de dípteros sarcofagídeos adultos coletados em carcaça de porco Sus scrofa, em área de Cerrado, Distrito Federal, Brasil, sendo um estudo sobre a composição da fauna de Diptera na região. O trabalho de campo acompanhou o processo de decomposição da carcaça e foi realizado durante 45 dias. A partir de 4.626 indivíduos coletados foram identificadas 28 espécies, sendo 16 novos registros para a região estudada.This work presents a list of adult flesh flies collected from a pig carrion Sus scrofa, in a Cerrado area of Distrito Federal, Brazil, being a study on the composition of the dipteran fauna in the region. The field work followed the decay of the carrion and was conduced for 45 days. From 4,626 collected flesh flies, 28 species were identified, consisting in 16 new records for this region.

  10. Effect of Capreolus capreolus and Sus scrofa excreta on alanine aminotransferase activity in Glechoma hederacea leaves in conditions of Cd pollution

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    O. M. Vasilyuk

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The paper reflects the analysis of Cd impact on the total activity (nM pyruvic acid/ml s of alanine aminotransferase (ALT, EC 2.6.1.2 nitrogen metabolism and the content (mg/ml of water-soluble protein fraction (albumin in Glechoma hederacea L. leaves subject, which dominated in the research area (natural floodplain oak with Stellaria holostea L.. Cd was introduced in the form of salts Cd(NO32 in the concentrations of 0.25, 1.25 and 2.50 g/m2, equivalent to Cd in 1, 5 and 10 doses of MAC. The content of doses of MAC of Cd (5 mg/kg soil was taken into account during introduction. We observed the inhibition of the activity of ALT 3–4 times (with adding the Cd salts at a dose of 1 and 5 МAС compared to controls (area without pollution of Cd and excreta of mammals. This stress reaction took place in the protein complex as well. Thus, albumin content was equal to 72% and 80% (with Cd 1 and 5 MAC compared to control (the area without pollution and excretory functions of mammals. It proved nonspecific response to stress. Using excreta of Capreolus capreolus L. and Sus scrofa L. shows the reduction of Cd effects and increasing the metabolic activity of ALT by 41% and 105%, respectively (with adding of Cd 1 MAC compared to control (pollution by Cd at a dose 1 MAC. The effect of Cd 5 MAC is offset (only with the introduction of C. capreolus excreta compared to control (pollution by Cd at a dose 5 MAC. Normalization of the albumin content (with adding of Cd 1 and 5 MAC compared to control (сontrol of Cd at a dose 1 MAC and сontrol of Cd at a dose 5 MAC with using of excreta of C. capreolus was observed. In conditions of Cd at a doze 10 MAC the ALT activity was reduced 2 times with the introduction of excreta of C. capreolus as S. scrofa compared to control (Cd at a dose 10 MAC. The introduction of excreta of S. scrofa compared with C. capreolus restored the albumin content by 10% to the control. Thus, the feasibility of using different biological

  11. Identification of chromosomal locations associated with tail biting and being a victim of tail-biting behaviour in the domestic pig (Sus scrofa domesticus).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Kaitlin; Zanella, Ricardo; Ventura, Carlos; Johansen, Hanne Lind; Framstad, Tore; Janczak, Andrew; Zanella, Adroaldo J; Neibergs, Holly Louise

    2012-11-01

    The objective of this study was to identify loci associated with tail biting or being a victim of tail biting in Norwegian crossbred pigs using a genome-wide association study with PLINK case-control analysis. DNA was extracted from hair or blood samples collected from 98 trios of crossbred pigs located across Norway. Each trio came from the same pen and consisted of one pig observed to initiate tail biting, one pig which was the victim of tail biting and a control pig which was not involved in either behaviour. DNA was genotyped using the Illumina PorcineSNP60 BeadChip whole-genome single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) assay. After quality assurance filtering, 53,952 SNPs remained comprising 74 animals (37 pairs) for the tail biter versus control comparison and 53,419 SNPs remained comprising 80 animals (40 pairs) for the victim of tail biting versus control comparison. An association with being a tail biter was observed on Sus scrofa chromosome 16 (SSC16; p = 1.6 × 10(-5)) and an unassigned chromosome (p = 3.9 × 10(-5)). An association with being the victim of tail biting was observed on Sus scrofa chromosomes 1 (SSC1; p = 4.7 × 10(-5)), 9 (SSC9; p = 3.9 × 10(-5)), 18 (SSC18; p = 7 × 10(-5) for 9,602,511 bp, p = 3.4 × 10(-5) for 9,653,881 bp and p = 5.3 × 10(-5) for 29,577,783 bp) and an unassigned chromosome (p = 6.1 × 10(-5)). An r(2) = 0.96 and a D' = 1 between the two SNPs at 9 Mb on SSC18 indicated extremely high linkage disequilibrium, suggesting that these two markers represent a single locus. These results provide evidence of a moderate genetic association between the propensity to participate in tail-biting behaviour and the likelihood of becoming a victim of this behaviour.

  12. El cerdo cimarrón (Sus scrofa, Suidae en la Isla del Coco, Costa Rica: Escarbaduras, alteraciones al suelo y erosión

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudine Sierra

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available El cerdo cimarrón (Sus scrofa es uno de los vertebrados exóticos más perjudiciales para las comunidades nativas de los sitios donde ha sido introducido, sobre todo en islas oceánicas. Los cerdos cimarrones habitan la Isla del Coco desde 1793 y su abundancia se estima en 400-500 individuos. Para cuantificar el impacto de los cerdos cimarrones estimé los efectos de la actividad de escarbadura y su influencia sobre la erosión natural en la Isla del Coco. Durante un año recorrí mensualmente 15 km en senderos calculando el área escarbada por transecto y recurrencia en el escarbado. Durante ocho meses comparé tasas de erosión con y sin escarbaderos. Calculé la tasa de escarbadura anual entre un 10 y un 20 % de la superficie total de la Isla del Coco. El área escarbada fue la única variable de las medidas que se correlacionó con la tasa de erosión del suelo. La tasa de erosión sin escarbaderos fue de 23.6 kg/ha/año y con escarbaderos 200.4 kg/ha/año (P Feral pigs (Sus scrofa are of the most damaging exotic vertebrates, specially on oceanic island native communities. Feral pigs inhabit Cocos Island since 1793 and there are around 400-500 individuals. In order to quantify the impacts of the feral pigs at Cocos Island, I calculated the effect of the rooting activity and its influence on the natural erosion. During one year I walked, monthly, 15 km on trails estimating rooted area by transect and rooting recurrence. During eight months I compared erosion rates with and without rootings. I estimated the annual rooting rate between 10 and 20 % of the total island surface. The rooted area was the only measured variable which correlated with the soil erosion rate. The erosion rate without rootings was 23.6 kg/ha/year and with rootings was 200.4 kg/ha/year (P < 0.01. The disturbances provoked by the rootings were not scattered homogeneously through the island. The rootings, together with the natural landslides, dominate the soil disturbance

  13. El jabalí europeo (Sus scrofa: Un invasor biológico como presa reciente del puma (Puma concolor en el sur de Chile The European wild boar (Sus scrofa: A biological invader as a recent prey of the American puma (Puma concolor in southern Chile

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    OSCAR SKEWES

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Se estudió la dieta del puma (Puma concoloren los anos 1988 y 2004 en los faldeos de los volcanes Mocho y Choshuenco, pluviselva valdiviana, sur de Chile, a través de la identificación de ítemes-presas en sus heces y la búsqueda en terreno de carcasas de jabalí europeo (Sus scrofa.Se registra por primera vez al jabalí europeo entre los ítemes-presas del puma en Chile. El puma depredó predominantemente sobre juveniles y los porcentajes de consumo variaron entre un 17-37 % dependiendo del método empleado para analizar el contenido de presas presentes en sus heces.The diet of the American puma (Puma concolorwas studied in 1988 and 2004 in the foothills of the volcanoes Mocho and Choshuenco, Valdivian rainforest, southern Chile, through the identification of prey-items in their feces and field surveys of European wild boar (Sus scrofacarcasses. We reported for the first time the invader European wild boar as a puma's prey in Chile. The puma preys mainly on juveniles and its percentage of consumed prey ranges between 17 and 37 % according to the method employed to assess the analyses of their feces prey contents.

  14. Development of a rapid high-efficiency scalable process for acetylated Sus scrofa cationic trypsin production from Escherichia coli inclusion bodies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Mingzhi; Wu, Feilin; Xu, Ping

    2015-12-01

    Trypsin is one of the most important enzymatic tools in proteomics and biopharmaceutical studies. Here, we describe the complete recombinant expression and purification from a trypsinogen expression vector construct. The Sus scrofa cationic trypsin gene with a propeptide sequence was optimized according to Escherichia coli codon-usage bias and chemically synthesized. The gene was inserted into pET-11c plasmid to yield an expression vector. Using high-density E. coli fed-batch fermentation, trypsinogen was expressed in inclusion bodies at 1.47 g/L. The inclusion body was refolded with a high yield of 36%. The purified trypsinogen was then activated to produce trypsin. To address stability problems, the trypsin thus produced was acetylated. The final product was generated upon gel filtration. The final yield of acetylated trypsin was 182 mg/L from a 5-L fermenter. Our acetylated trypsin product demonstrated higher BAEE activity (30,100 BAEE unit/mg) than a commercial product (9500 BAEE unit/mg, Promega). It also demonstrated resistance to autolysis. This is the first report of production of acetylated recombinant trypsin that is stable and suitable for scale-up. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. Towards harmonised procedures in wildlife epidemiological investigations: a serosurvey of infection with Mycobacterium bovis and closely related agents in wild boar (Sus scrofa) in Switzerland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beerli, Olivia; Blatter, Sohvi; Boadella, Mariana; Schöning, Janne; Schmitt, Sarah; Ryser-Degiorgis, Marie-Pierre

    2015-01-01

    Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) is a (re-)emerging disease in European countries, including Switzerland. This study assesses the seroprevalence of infection with Mycobacterium bovis and closely related agents in wild boar (Sus scrofa) in Switzerland, because wild boar are potential maintenance hosts of these pathogens. The study employs harmonised laboratory methods to facilitate comparison with the situation in other countries. Eighteen out of 743 blood samples tested seropositive (2.4%, CI: 1.5-3.9%) by ELISA, and the results for 61 animals previously assessed using culture and PCR indicated that this serological test was not 100% specific for M. bovis, cross-reacting with M. microti. Nevertheless, serology appears to be an appropriate test methodology in the harmonisation of wild boar testing throughout Europe. In accordance with previous findings, the low seroprevalence found in wild boar suggests wildlife is an unlikely source of the M. bovis infections recently detected in cattle in Switzerland. This finding contrasts with the epidemiological situation pertaining in southern Spain. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  16. ORIGENS, RAMIFICAÇÕES E DISTRIBUIÇÕES DAS ARTÉRIAS FACIAIS EM SUÍNOS (SUS SCROFA DOMESTICUS – LINNAEUS, 1758 DA LINHAGEM SADIA

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    Rúbia Aparecida Castilho Maia

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The origins, ramifications and distributions of the left and right facial arteries were studied in 30 stillborn pigs (Sus scrofa domesticus of the Sadia lineage, 17 males and 13 females, with the aim of increasing morphological knowledge of these structures in terms of their localization and distribution. The species was chosen for its well known commercial importance. The specimen had its artery system filled with stained solution of neoprene latex 601 A and afterwards fixed in an aqueous solution of formaldehyde at 10%. It was observed that in 100% of the studied animals the facial arteries originated from the ventrolateral surface of the external carotid artery, rostrally to the lingual artery. The gland branches divided, supplying the mandibular, parotid, monostomática portion of the sublingual and part of the cervical thymus in muscular branches, irrigating the medial pterygoid, masseter, ventral aspect of the digastrics and cutaneous of the face muscles. Furthermore, the pharyngal branch irrigated the soft palate, tympanic bula and basihyoid, and the submentalis artery was directed towards the submental and the dorsal face of the digastrics muscles.

  17. The bioaccumulation of lead in the organs of roe deer (Capreolus capreolus L.), red deer (Cervus elaphus L.), and wild boar (Sus scrofa L.) from Poland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bąkowska, Małgorzata; Pilarczyk, Bogumiła; Tomza-Marciniak, Agnieszka; Udała, Jan; Pilarczyk, Renata

    2016-07-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the level of lead (Pb) in the livers and kidneys of free-living animals from Poland, with regard to the differences in tissue Pb content between the species. The research material consisted of liver and kidney samples collected from roe deer (Capreolus capreolus), red deer (Cervus elaphus), and wild boar (Sus scrofa) that had been hunted in 16 voivodeships of Poland. The concentration of lead had been measured using inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES) method. The results show that differences in lead concentration in the organs depended on the geographic location. In roe deer and red deer, the highest mean lead concentrations in the livers and kidneys, observed in the central region of Poland, were twice as high as the lowest concentration of Pb in these animals from the northeastern region of the country. In wild boar, the highest mean concentration of Pb was noted in the livers of animals from the central region of Poland and in the kidneys of animals from the northwestern region, while the lowest lead concentrations in both organs were typical for wild boar from the southeast part of the country. Our results show that areas located in the center and in the north of Poland carry most of the burden of lead bioaccumulation.

  18. The CD11a partner in Sus scrofa lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1 (LFA-1: mRNA cloning, structure analysis and comparison with mammalian homologues

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    Thomas Anne VT

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1 (LFA-1, CD11a/CD18, alphaLbeta2, the most abundant and widely expressed beta2-integrin, is required for many cellular adhesive interactions during the immune response. Many studies have shown that LFA-1 is centrally involved in the pathogenesis of several diseases caused by Repeats-in-toxin (RTX -producing bacteria. Results The porcine-LFA-1 CD11a (alpha subunit coding sequence was cloned, sequenced and compared with the available mammalian homologues in this study. Despite some focal differences, it shares all the main characteristics of these latter. Interestingly, as in sheep and humans, an allelic variant with a triplet insertion resulting in an additional Gln-744 was consistently identified, which suggests an allelic polymorphism that might be biologically relevant. Conclusion Together with the pig CD18-encoding cDNA, which has been available for a long time, the sequence data provided here will allow the successful expression of porcine CD11a, thus giving the first opportunity to express the Sus scrofa beta2-integrin LFA-1 in vitro as a tool to examine the specificities of inflammation in the porcine species.

  19. Survey of gastrointestinal parasites in wild boar (Sus scrofa, wild goat (Capra aegagrus and red deer (Cervus elaphus in the Aynaloo protected area, East Azerbaijan province

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    Roghayeh Norouzi

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Parasitic infections are a threat to the wildlife by endangering the health of wild animals and serving as a source of transmission of infectious agents to livestock and humans. Despite the distribution of wild boars (Sus scrofa, wild goat (Capra aegagrus and red deer (Cervus elaphus throughout the world, information on their parasitic infections is limited. Knowledge of the parasitic fauna of animals in protected areas may be used in protection of endangered species. The present study aimed to investigate the status of gastrointestinal parasitic infections in wild boar, wild goat and red deer in the Aynaloo protected area, Northwest of Kaleybar city, East Azerbaijan province. For this purpose, in spring 2015, 30 fecal samples of wild boar, 30 fecal samples of wild goat and 30 fecal samples of red deer were collected. The samples were processed using direct smear and Clayton lane floatation technique. Five species of helminths were detected from wild boar fecal samples consisting of Trichuris suis, Strongyloides suis, Physocephalus sexalatus, Ascaris suum and Metastrongylus apri. Among them,  one species (Strongyloides suis was reported for the first time in Iran. Protozoa were not detected in the fecal samples of the wild boar. Wild goats were infected with Oesophagostomum columbianum, Muellerius capillaris and Eimeria spp. Respiratory larva and Eimeria spp. were detected from red deer samples.

  20. First detection of Sarcoptes scabiei from domesticated pig (Sus scrofa) and genetic characterization of S. scabiei from pet, farm and wild hosts in Israel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erster, Oran; Roth, Asael; Pozzi, Paolo S; Bouznach, Arieli; Shkap, Varda

    2015-08-01

    In this report we describe for the first time the detection of Sarcoptes scabiei type suis mites on domestic pigs in Israel and examine its genetic variation compared with S. sabiei from other hosts. Microscopic examination of skin samples from S. scabiei-infested pigs (Sus scrofa domesticus) revealed all developmental stages of S. scabiei. To detect genetic differences between S. scabiei from different hosts, samples obtained from pig, rabbits (Orictolagus cuniculus), fox (Vulpes vulpes), jackal (Canis aureus) and hedgehog (Erinaceus concolor) were compared with GenBank-annotated sequences of three genetic markers. Segments from the following genes were examined: cytochrome C oxidase subunit 1 (COX1), glutathione-S-transferase 1 (GST1), and voltage-sensitive sodium channel (VSSC). COX1 analysis did not show correlation between host preference and genetic identity. However, GST1 and VSSC had a higher percentage of identical sites within S. scabiei type suis sequences, compared with samples from other hosts. Taking into account the limited numbers of GST1 and VSSC sequences available for comparison, this high similarity between sequences of geographically-distant, but host-related populations, may suggest that different host preference is at least partially correlated with genetic differences. This finding may help in future studies of the factors that drive host preferences in this parasite.

  1. Analysis of Serum Concentrations of Tranexamic Acid Given by Alternate Routes in Swine (Sus scrofa) During Controlled Hemorrhage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-08-17

    Animal Species: To_tal #Approved # Used this FY Total# Used to Date Sus scrota 16 16 16 2. PROTOCOL TYPE I CHARACTERISTICS: (Check all applicable ...Check applicable ) 4. PROTOCOL ST A TUS: *Request Protocol Closure: _ Inactive, protocol never initiated _ Prolonged Restraint _ Multiple...analysis was delayed from October 2016 to June 2017 when the final samples were run. There were two complications which required early euthanasia of

  2. Hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase and inosine 5’-monophosphate dehydrogenase activities in three mammalian species: aquatic (Mirounga angustirostris, semiaquatic (Lontra longicaudis annectens and terrestrial (Sus scrofa

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    Myrna eBarjau Perez-Milicua

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Aquatic and semiaquatic mammals have the capacity of breath hold (apnea diving. Northern elephant seals (Mirounga angustirostris have the ability to perform deep and long duration dives; during a routine dive, adults can hold their breath for 25 min. Neotropical river otters (Lontra longicaudis annectens can hold their breath for about 30 sec. Such periods of apnea may result in reduced oxygen concentration (hypoxia and reduced blood supply (ischemia to tissues. Production of adenosine 5’-triphosphate (ATP requires oxygen, and most mammalian species, like the domestic pig (Sus scrofa, are not adapted to tolerate hypoxia and ischemia, conditions that result in ATP degradation. The objective of this study was to explore the differences in purine synthesis and recycling in erythrocytes and plasma of three mammalian species adapted to different environments: aquatic (northern elephant seal (n=11, semiaquatic (neotropical river otter (n=4 and terrestrial (domestic pig (n=11. Enzymatic activity of hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase (HGPRT was determined by spectrophotometry, and activity of inosine 5’-monophosphate dehydrogenase (IMPDH and the concentration of hypoxanthine (HX, inosine 5’-monophosphate (IMP, adenosine 5’-monophosphate (AMP, adenosine 5’-diphosphate (ADP, ATP, guanosine 5’-diphosphate (GDP, guanosine 5’-triphosphate (GTP, and xanthosine 5’-monophosphate (XMP were determined by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC. The activities of HGPRT and IMPDH and the concentration of HX, IMP, AMP, ADP, ATP, GTP and XMP in erythrocytes of domestic pigs were higher than in erythrocytes of northern elephant seals and river otters. These results suggest that under basal conditions (no diving, sleep apnea or exercise, aquatic and semiaquatic mammals have less purine mobilization than their terrestrial counterparts.

  3. Utilization of sugarcane habitat by feral pig (Sus scrofa in northern tropical Queensland: evidence from the stable isotope composition of hair.

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    Christopher M Wurster

    Full Text Available Feral pigs (Sus scrofa are an invasive species that disrupt ecosystem functioning throughout their introduced range. In tropical environments, feral pigs are associated with predation and displacement of endangered species, modification of habitat, and act as a vector for the spread of exotic vegetation and disease. Across many parts of their introduced range, the diet of feral pigs is poorly known. Although the remote location and difficult terrain of far north Queensland makes observing feral pig behavior difficult, feral pigs are perceived to seek refuge in World Heritage tropical rainforests and seasonally 'crop raid' into lowland sugarcane crops. Thus, identifying how feral pigs are using different components of the landscape is important to the design of management strategies. We used the stable isotope composition of captured feral pigs to determine the extent of rainforest and sugarcane habitat usage. Recently grown hair (basal hair from feral pigs captured in remote rainforest indicated pigs met their dietary needs solely within this habitat. Stable carbon and nitrogen isotope values of basal hair from feral pigs captured near sugarcane plantations were more variable, with some individuals estimated to consume over 85% of their diet within a sugarcane habitat, while a few consumed as much as 90% of their diet from adjacent forested environments. We estimated whether feral pigs switch habitats by sequentially sampling δ(13C and δ(15N values of long tail hair from a subset of seven captured animals, and demonstrate that four of these individuals moved between habitats. Our results indicate that feral pigs utilize both sugarcane and forest habitats, and can switch between these resources.

  4. A 38-year study on Trichinella spp. in wild boar (Sus scrofa) of Latvia shows a stable incidence with an increased parasite biomass in the last decade.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirjušina, Muza; Deksne, Gunita; Marucci, Gianluca; Bakasejevs, Eduards; Jahundoviča, Inese; Daukšte, Anžela; Zdankovska, Aleksandra; Bērziņa, Zanda; Esīte, Zanda; Bella, Antonino; Galati, Fabio; Krūmiņa, Angelika; Pozio, Edoardo

    2015-03-01

    Trichinella spp. are zoonotic parasites transmitted to humans by the consumption of raw or insufficiently cooked meat of different animal species. The most common source of infection for humans is meat from pigs and wild boar (Sus scrofa). The aim of the present work was to evaluate the incidence of Trichinella spp. infections in wild boar hunted in Latvia over a 38 year interval (1976 to 2013). A total 120,609 wild boars were individually tested for Trichinella spp. by trichinoscopy and, in case of negativity, by artificial digestion of 25 g muscles, in the 1976-2005 period, and by artificial digestion of 25-50 g muscles in the 2006-2013 period. Trichinella spp. larvae were identified at the species level by multiplex PCR. In the study period, the overall prevalence of infected wild boar was 2.5%. Trichinella britovi was the predominant (90%) species. The incidence of Trichinella spp. infection in wild boar exhibited two different trends. From 1976 to 1987, the incidence of infected/hunted wild boar increased from 0.23% to 2.56%, then it decreased to 0.19 in 1994. Thereafter, the incidence fluctuated between 0.05% and 0.37%. A statistically significant (P Latvia increased by 4.9 times and the hunting bag by 9.7 times, with a stable incidence of Trichinella spp. in the population. It follows that the biomass of Trichinella spp. larvae and of T. britovi, in particular, increased. The incidence trends of Trichinella spp. in wild boar could be related to the role played by the snow in reducing the thermal shock and muscle putrefaction which increases the survival of the larvae in muscle tissues of carrion in the 1976-1993 period; and, in the 1997-2013 period, to the increased biomass of Trichinella spp. due to the increased carnivore populations, which are the main reservoirs of these parasites.

  5. Survey of [i]Toxoplasma gondii [/i]antibodies in meat juice of wild boar ([i]Sus scrofa[/i] in several districts of the Czech Republic

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    Karol Račka

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Introduction and objective. The aims of the study were: 1 to detect antibodies against T[i]oxoplasma gondii[/i] from wild boar meat; 1 establish seroprevalence of toxoplasmosis in the wild boar population; 3 establish risk factors concerned in higher possible seroprevalence; 4 to estimate the usefulness of meat juice for detection of [i]T. gondii[/i] antibodies in wild boar. Material and methods. Diaphragm meat juice samples from 656 wild boar ([i]Sus scrofa[/i] were collected during the hunting seasons between September 2008 – October 2010 from 9 districts of the Czech Republic. The samples were stratified per age category into 2 groups: piglets (n = 279 and yearlings together with adults (n = 377. The in-house ELISA test was used for the detection of antibodies against [i]T. gondii [/i]from the meat juice samples. Results. Antibodies against [i]T. gondii [/i]were detected by in-house ELISA in 260 of 656 wild boars (40% with 26% prevalence in piglets (72/279 and 50% prevalence in yearlings and adults (188/377. The district total seroprevalences ranged between 32% – 59%, with a significantly higher prevalence in the district of Havlíčkův Brod (59%. Statistically significant differences (p-value < 0.05 were found between 2 age categories, and between 9 districts, with a significant variability in the district of Havlíčkův Brod. Seroprevalence correlated positively with farm density, but without any statistical significance. Conclusion. The obtained results indicate that consumption of raw or undercooked meat from wild boars can carry an important risk of toxoplasma infection. Post mortem detection of antibodies in meat juice samples using ELISA is a useful alternative to blood serum examination. In addition, a diaphragm sample has been well-proven as a matrix sample for the contemporaneous diagnostics of trichinellosis and toxoplasmosis.

  6. Insectos asociados a fenómenos de descomposición cadavérica en cerdo blanco ( Sus scrofa en el municipio de Mosquera (Cundinamarca

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    María Fernanda Ospina Fonseca

    2002-07-01

    Full Text Available El estudio tuvo como objeto iniciar la investigación de los insectos asociados a fenómenos dedescomposición en una zona alta, específicamente en el municipio de Mosquera (Cundina-marca. Para lograrlo se usó como biomodelo cerdo blanco (Sus scrofa por su similitud conlos humanos, éste se sacrificó y se dejó al aire libre durante ocho meses. El proceso de des-composición se dividió en cinco fases: fresco (2 días, hinchado (13 días, descomposiciónactiva (15 días, descomposición avanzada (31 días y restos secos (160 días. Durante esteperiodo se recogieron 3.539 individuos, el 86.69% pertenecientes a Diptera y el 8.36% aColeoptera. Las familias más numerosas de Diptera fueron Muscidae (62.08% y Calliphoridae(14.44%, mientras que en Coleoptera fueron Silphidae (68.58% y Staphylinidae (14.86%.Se pudo observar la participación de los géneros Calliphora, Paralucilia y Chloroprocta, estosgéneros no aparecen en zonas bajas y podrían ser propios de zonas altas. No se presentarongrupos exclusivos para cada fase del proceso, aunque la presencia y abundancia de Diptera fuemayor al inicio de la descomposición, mientras que Coleoptera (exceptuando Silphidae fuemás abundante y activo al final del proceso. La lluvia ocasionó una "regresión" en la sucesiónde insectos. El presente trabajo no constituye una herramienta de carácter legal pero es elprimer trabajo sobre entomología forense realizado en la Sabana de Bogotá y es base paratrabajos posteriores en la zona.

  7. Simulating the Distribution of Individual Livestock Farms and Their Populations in the United States: An Example Using Domestic Swine (Sus scrofa domesticus) Farms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garza, Sarah J.; Miller, Ryan S.

    2015-01-01

    Livestock distribution in the United States (U.S.) can only be mapped at a county-level or worse resolution. We developed a spatial microsimulation model called the Farm Location and Agricultural Production Simulator (FLAPS) that simulated the distribution and populations of individual livestock farms throughout the conterminous U.S. Using domestic pigs (Sus scrofa domesticus) as an example species, we customized iterative proportional-fitting algorithms for the hierarchical structure of the U.S. Census of Agriculture and imputed unpublished state- or county-level livestock population totals that were redacted to ensure confidentiality. We used a weighted sampling design to collect data on the presence and absence of farms and used them to develop a national-scale distribution model that predicted the distribution of individual farms at a 100 m resolution. We implemented microsimulation algorithms that simulated the populations and locations of individual farms using output from our imputed Census of Agriculture dataset and distribution model. Approximately 19% of county-level pig population totals were unpublished in the 2012 Census of Agriculture and needed to be imputed. Using aerial photography, we confirmed the presence or absence of livestock farms at 10,238 locations and found livestock farms were correlated with open areas, cropland, and roads, and also areas with cooler temperatures and gentler topography. The distribution of swine farms was highly variable, but cross-validation of our distribution model produced an area under the receiver-operating characteristics curve value of 0.78, which indicated good predictive performance. Verification analyses showed FLAPS accurately imputed and simulated Census of Agriculture data based on absolute percent difference values of farm-to-county scale. Our output data have many applications for risk management of agricultural systems including epidemiological studies, food safety, biosecurity issues, emergency

  8. El cerdo cimarrón (Sus scrofa, Suidae) en la Isla del Coco, Costa Rica: Composición de su dieta, estado reproductivo y genética

    OpenAIRE

    Claudine Sierra

    2001-01-01

    Los cerdos cimarrones (Sus scrofa) provocan diferentes tipos de daños particularmente en islas oceánicas. En la Isla del Coco, Costa Rica, fueron introducidos en 1793 y se reprodujeron exitosamente. Para reunir datos sobre la ecología de los cerdos cimarrones y conocer su impacto sobre algunas comunidades de la Isla del Coco, analicé su dieta, estado reproductivo, genética y los efectos de la depredación. Estudié la dieta por medio de análisis estomacales en una época seca y otra húmeda. Dete...

  9. Bayesian Diallel Analysis Reveals Mx1-Dependent and Mx1-Independent Effects on Response to Influenza A Virus in Mice

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    Paul L. Maurizio

    2018-02-01

    Full Text Available Influenza A virus (IAV is a respiratory pathogen that causes substantial morbidity and mortality during both seasonal and pandemic outbreaks. Infection outcomes in unexposed populations are affected by host genetics, but the host genetic architecture is not well understood. Here, we obtain a broad view of how heritable factors affect a mouse model of response to IAV infection using an 8 × 8 diallel of the eight inbred founder strains of the Collaborative Cross (CC. Expanding on a prior statistical framework for modeling treatment response in diallels, we explore how a range of heritable effects modify acute host response to IAV through 4 d postinfection. Heritable effects in aggregate explained ∼57% of the variance in IAV-induced weight loss. Much of this was attributable to a pattern of additive effects that became more prominent through day 4 postinfection and was consistent with previous reports of antiinfluenza myxovirus resistance 1 (Mx1 polymorphisms segregating between these strains; these additive effects largely recapitulated haplotype effects observed at the Mx1 locus in a previous study of the incipient CC, and are also replicated here in a CC recombinant intercross population. Genetic dominance of protective Mx1 haplotypes was observed to differ by subspecies of origin: relative to the domesticus null Mx1 allele, musculus acts dominantly whereas castaneus acts additively. After controlling for Mx1, heritable effects, though less distinct, accounted for ∼34% of the phenotypic variance. Implications for future mapping studies are discussed.

  10. Accumulation and distribution of 137Cs and 90Sr in the body of the wild boar (Sus scrofa) found on the territory with radioactive contamination

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gulakov, Andrey Vladimirovich

    2014-01-01

    We studied the concentration and distribution of 137 Cs and 90 Sr in the bodies of 188 wild boar (Sus scrofa Linnaeus, 1758) taken near the Chernobyl site. Of these, 111 animals were taken in the Alienation Zone, 41 animals were taken in the Permanent Control Zone and 36 animals were taken in the Periodic Control Zone. The samples included muscle and bone (rib) tissues and samples of heart, liver, lungs, kidneys, spleen, genitals and skin. The weight of the samples was 0.5 kg fresh weigh. The average concentration of 137 Cs in the muscles of the wild boar found in the Alienation Zone was 46 ± 10 kBq/kg, in the Permanent Control Zone – 13 ± 3.0 kBq/kg and in the Periodic Control Zone – 0.6 ± 0.1 kBq/kg. The largest concentration of 137 Cs was detected in the muscle tissue and kidneys taken animals. In some samples of muscle tissue it reached more than 660 kBq/kg. The 137 Cs concentrations were also high in heart and spleen up 64.3 kBq/kg and 67.5 kBq/kg – animals from the Alienation Zone and 10.3–10.6 kBq/kg – animals from the Permanent Control zone. The lowest concentration of 137 Cs was found in the lungs and skin of animals. The analyses of 90 Sr concentration in the organs and tissues of the wild boar showed that 90 Sr was concentrated mainly in the bone tissue. The average level of 90 Sr concentration in bone was 17.6 kBq/kg fresh weight animals from the Alienation Zone and 13.47 kBg/kg – animals from the Permanent Control zone. In muscle tissues and organs contained 90 Sr – 30.0–110.0 Bq/kg in the Alienation Zone and 11.0–30.0 Bq/kg in the Permanent Control zone

  11. A comparative chromosome analysis of Thai wild boar (Sus scrofa jubatus and relationship to domestic pig (S. s. domestica by conventional staining, G-banding and high-resolution technique

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    Pornnarong Siripiyasing

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available This research is the first comparative chromosome analysis report of Thai wild boar (Sus scrofa jubatus and its relationship to domestic pig (S. s. domestica by conventional staining, G-banding and high-resolution technique. Blood samples of the Thai wild boar were taken from two males and two females kept in Nakhon Ratchasima Zoo. After standard whole blood lymphocyte culture at 37 oC for 72 hr. in the presence of colchicine, the metaphase spreads were performed on microscopic slides and airdried. Conventional staining, G-banding and high-resolution technique were applied to stain the chromosomes. The results showed that the number of diploid chromosomes of Thai wild boar was 2n (diploid = 38, and the fundamental numbers (NF were 62 in the male and female. The type of autosomes were 12 metacentric, 14 submetacentric, 4 acrocentric and 6 telocentric chromosomes, with X and Y chromosomes being metacentric chromosomes. We found that chromosomes 1, 5, 7, 8, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 16, 17, 18, X and Y had the same Gbanding and high-resolution technique patterns as those of domestic pig chromosomes. Chromosomes 2, 3, 4, 6, 9 and 15 are similar to those of domestic pig chromosomes. These results show the evolutionary relationship between the Thai wild boar and the domestic pig.

  12. Production of transgenic pigs over-expressing the antiviral gene Mx1

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    Quanmei Yan

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The myxovirus resistance gene (Mx1 has a broad spectrum of antiviral activities. It is therefore an interesting candidate gene to improve disease resistance in farm animals. In this study, we report the use of somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT to produce transgenic pigs over-expressing the Mx1 gene. These transgenic pigs express approximately 15–25 times more Mx1 mRNA than non-transgenic pigs, and the protein level of Mx1 was also markedly enhanced. We challenged fibroblast cells isolated from the ear skin of transgenic and control pigs with influenza A virus and classical swine fever virus (CFSV. Indirect immunofluorescence assay (IFA revealed a profound decrease of influenza A proliferation in Mx1 transgenic cells. Growth kinetics showed an approximately 10-fold reduction of viral copies in the transgenic cells compared to non-transgenic controls. Additionally, we found that the Mx1 transgenic cells were more resistant to CSFV infection in comparison to non-transgenic cells. These results demonstrate that the Mx1 transgene can protect against viral infection in cells of transgenic pigs and indicate that the Mx1 transgene can be harnessed to develop disease-resistant pigs.

  13. El cerdo cimarrón (Sus scrofa, Suidae en la Isla del Coco, Costa Rica: Composición de su dieta, estado reproductivo y genética

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    Claudine Sierra

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available Los cerdos cimarrones (Sus scrofa provocan diferentes tipos de daños particularmente en islas oceánicas. En la Isla del Coco, Costa Rica, fueron introducidos en 1793 y se reprodujeron exitosamente. Para reunir datos sobre la ecología de los cerdos cimarrones y conocer su impacto sobre algunas comunidades de la Isla del Coco, analicé su dieta, estado reproductivo, genética y los efectos de la depredación. Estudié la dieta por medio de análisis estomacales en una época seca y otra húmeda. Determiné la variabilidad genética por análisis de PCR realizados sobre muestras de tejido provenientes de orejas de cerdos cimarrones de la Isla del Coco y cerdos domésticos del continente. Los cerdos fueron omnívoros y la categoría más importante de la dieta en ambas estaciones fue frutos. Los frutos fueron consumidos por más cerdos en la estación seca pero ocuparon mayor volumen en los estómagos en la estación húmeda. No detecté que los cerdos depredaran sobre especies animales endémicas ni que dispersaran semillas de especies exóticas. El 56 % de los cerdos cazados fueron machos y el 44 % hembras. El 46 % de las hembras en edad reproductiva estuvo preñada o lactante y el número medio de fetos por camada fue de 4.4. Confirmé un pico reproductivo en enero/febrero y no pude demostrar un pico reproductivo en junio/julio. El bajo número de fetos podría relacionarse con un estado de estrés poblacional. En general los resultados indican una reducida variabilidad genética para todos los parámetros evaluados en la población cimarrona aunque no tan baja como la esperada. Sugiero un mecanismo compensatorio donde la depresión por endocruzamiento reduce la consanguinidad y una especie susceptible a factores estocásticos, demográficos o ambientales se convierte en una especie adaptada y con capacidad de resilienciaFeral pigs (Sus scrofa cause different kinds of damage specially on oceanic islands. Pigs were introduced at Cocos Island

  14. Determinación de anticuerpos contra patógenos virales y bacterianos seleccionados en la población de cerdos silvestres (Sus scrofa de la Reserva Natural Bahía Samborombón, Argentina

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    B. Carpinetti

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Los cerdos silvestres (Sus scrofa descienden de cruzamientos entre cerdos domésticos liberados durante la colonización con jabalíes salvajes euroasiáticos, liberados con propósitos cinegéticos. Son invasivos y su coexistencia con especies domésticas implica riesgos sanitarios. Argentina es considerada libre de fiebre aftosa (FA, peste porcina clásica (PPC y africana (PPA y síndrome reproductivo y respiratorio porcino (PRRS. La enfermedad de Aujeszky (EA y la leptospirosis son endémicas en ciertas áreas del país. El objetivo fue evaluar la presencia de ciertas enfermedades zoonóticas y/o de importancia para la producción animal y la conservación de la biodiversidad en cerdos silvestres de la Bahía de Samborombón. Se capturaron 118 animales. Se tomaron muestras de suero, tonsilas, músculo, intestino delgado, linfonódulos, entre otras. Se estudió la presencia de anticuerpos contra Brucella spp., coronavirus respiratorio porcino, virus de la estomatitis vesicular, de la FA, de la gastroenteritis transmisible porcina (TGEV, de la PPC, PPA, EA, PRRS y Leptospira spp. Se realizaron análisis bacteriológicos para Mycobacterium spp. Los resultados ratificaron la ausencia de las enfermedades exóticas e indicaron que 36 % de los animales presentó anticuerpos contra Leptospira interrogans serovar pomona y 62,5 % contra el virus de la EA. Estos resultados remarcan la importancia del monitoreo de la interfase productiva/silvestre en función de la salud pública, producción animal y conservación de la biodiversidad.

  15. Reducing Eurasian wild boar (Sus scrofa) population density as a measure for bovine tuberculosis control: effects in wild boar and a sympatric fallow deer (Dama dama) population in Central Spain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    García-Jiménez, W L; Fernández-Llario, P; Benítez-Medina, J M; Cerrato, R; Cuesta, J; García-Sánchez, A; Gonçalves, P; Martínez, R; Risco, D; Salguero, F J; Serrano, E; Gómez, L; Hermoso-de-Mendoza, J

    2013-07-01

    Research on management of bovine tuberculosis (bTB) in wildlife reservoir hosts is crucial for the implementation of effective disease control measures and the generation of practical bTB management recommendations. Among the management methods carried out on wild species to reduce bTB prevalence, the control of population density has been frequently used, with hunting pressure a practical strategy to reduce bTB prevalence. However, despite the number of articles about population density control in different bTB wildlife reservoirs, there is little information regarding the application of such measures on the Eurasian wild boar (Sus scrofa), which is considered the main bTB wildlife reservoir within Mediterranean ecosystems. This study shows the effects of a management measure leading to a radical decrease in wild boar population density at a large hunting estate in Central Spain, in order to assess the evolution of bTB prevalence in both the wild boar population and the sympatric fallow deer population. The evolution of bTB prevalence was monitored in populations of the two wild ungulate species over a 5-year study period (2007-2012). The results showed that bTB prevalence decreased in fallow deer, corresponding to an important reduction in the wild boar population. However, this decrease was not homogeneous: in the last season of study there was an increase in bTB-infected male animals. Moreover, bTB prevalence remained high in the remnant wild boar population. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  16. Investigating the role of free-ranging wild boar (Sus scrofa in the re-emergence of enzootic pneumonia in domestic pig herds: a pathological, prevalence and risk-factor study.

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    Mainity Batista Linhares

    Full Text Available Enzootic pneumonia (EP caused by Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae has a significant economic impact on domestic pig production. A control program carried out from 1999 to 2003 successfully reduced disease occurrence in domestic pigs in Switzerland, but recurrent outbreaks suggested a potential role of free-ranging wild boar (Sus scrofa as a source of re-infection. Since little is known on the epidemiology of EP in wild boar populations, our aims were: (1 to estimate the prevalence of M. hyopneumoniae infections in wild boar in Switzerland; (2 to identify risk factors for infection in wild boar; and (3 to assess whether infection in wild boar is associated with the same gross and microscopic lesions typical of EP in domestic pigs. Nasal swabs, bronchial swabs and lung samples were collected from 978 wild boar from five study areas in Switzerland between October 2011 and May 2013. Swabs were analyzed by qualitative real time PCR and a histopathological study was conducted on lung tissues. Risk factor analysis was performed using multivariable logistic regression modeling. Overall prevalence in nasal swabs was 26.2% (95% CI 23.3-29.3% but significant geographical differences were observed. Wild boar density, occurrence of EP outbreaks in domestic pigs and young age were identified as risk factors for infection. There was a significant association between infection and lesions consistent with EP in domestic pigs. We have concluded that M. hyopneumoniae is widespread in the Swiss wild boar population, that the same risk factors for infection of domestic pigs also act as risk factors for infection of wild boar, and that infected wild boar develop lesions similar to those found in domestic pigs. However, based on our data and the outbreak pattern in domestic pigs, we propose that spillover from domestic pigs to wild boar is more likely than transmission from wild boar to pigs.

  17. Avaliação imunofenotípica de subpopulações linfocitárias no sangue do cordão umbilical e periférico de suínos neonatos (Sus scrofa

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    Cesaltina C.M. Tchamo

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Considerando a importância do uso do sangue do cordão umbilical como fonte potencial de células tronco hematopoiéticas e o uso do suíno doméstico (Sus scrofa como modelo para pesquisas biomédicas em medicina regenerativa, e por outro lado, visando dar um contributo sobre a quantificação das subpopulações linfocitárias no sangue do cordão umbilical e periférico, objetivou-se quantificar as células CD4+, CD5+ e CD8+ nas amostras de sangue de suínos neonatos. Analisaram-se as amostras do sangue do cordão umbilical e periférico de 48 leitões de linhagem Topigs, provenientes de porcas hígidas, inseminadas artificialmente e de parto natural. Foram coletadas amostras de sangue do cordão umbilical e periférico no momento do nascimento, por meio de venopunção da veia umbilical e seio venoso retro-oftálmico, respectivamente. As quantificações imunofenotípicas de células CD4+, CD5+ e CD8+ foram obtidas por citometria de fluxo. Os valores médios obtidos para as contagens das células CD4+, CD5+ e CD8+ do sangue do cordão umbilical e periférico apresentaram-se inferiores aos reportados para o sangue periférico de suínos adultos, sugerindo um componente imunológico imaturo. A proporção CD4+:CD8+ obtida no sangue do cordão umbilical (3,2±1,2% e no sangue periférico (3,2±1,7% ilustrou a predominância dos linfócitos TCD4+ com relação aos TCD8+. A quantidade relativa de células CD4+ e CD8+ no sangue do cordão umbilical e periférico foi de 1,37±0,86% e 1,15±0,57%, respectivamente.

  18. Chromosomal profile of indigenous pig (Sus scrofa

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    P. Guru Vishnu

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Aim: The objective of this study was to investigate the chromosomal profile of indigenous pigs by computing morphometric measurements. Materials and Methods: A cytogenetic study was carried out in 60 indigenous pigs to analyze the chromosomal profile by employing the short term peripheral blood lymphocyte culture technique. Results: The modal chromosome number (2n in indigenous pigs was found to be 38 and a fundamental number of 64 as in the exotic. First chromosome was the longest pair, and thirteenth pair was the second largest while Y-chromosome was the smallest in the karyotype of the pig. The mean relative length, arm ratio, centromeric indices and morphological indices of chromosomes varied from 1.99±0.01 to 11.23±0.09, 1.04±0.05 to 2.95±0.02, 0.51±0.14 to 0.75±0.09 and 2.08±0.07 to 8.08±0.15%, respectively in indigenous pigs. Sex had no significant effect (p>0.05 on all the morphometric measurements studied. Conclusion: The present study revealed that among autosomes first five pairs were sub metacentric, next two pairs were sub telocentric (6-7, subsequent five pairs were metacentric (8-12 and remaining six pairs were telocentric (13-18, while both allosomes were metacentric. The chromosomal number, morphology and various morphometric measurements of the chromosomes of the indigenous pigs were almost similar to those established breeds reported in the literature.

  19. Mx1 and Mx2 key antiviral proteins are surprisingly lost in toothed whales.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Braun, Benjamin A; Marcovitz, Amir; Camp, J Gray; Jia, Robin; Bejerano, Gill

    2015-06-30

    Viral outbreaks in dolphins and other Delphinoidea family members warrant investigation into the integrity of the cetacean immune system. The dynamin-like GTPase genes Myxovirus 1 (Mx1) and Mx2 defend mammals against a broad range of viral infections. Loss of Mx1 function in human and mice enhances infectivity by multiple RNA and DNA viruses, including orthomyxoviruses (influenza A), paramyxoviruses (measles), and hepadnaviruses (hepatitis B), whereas loss of Mx2 function leads to decreased resistance to HIV-1 and other viruses. Here we show that both Mx1 and Mx2 have been rendered nonfunctional in Odontoceti cetaceans (toothed whales, including dolphins and orcas). We discovered multiple exon deletions, frameshift mutations, premature stop codons, and transcriptional evidence of decay in the coding sequence of both Mx1 and Mx2 in four species of Odontocetes. We trace the likely loss event for both proteins to soon after the divergence of Odontocetes and Mystocetes (baleen whales) ∼33-37 Mya. Our data raise intriguing questions as to what drove the loss of both Mx1 and Mx2 genes in the Odontoceti lineage, a double loss seen in none of 56 other mammalian genomes, and suggests a hitherto unappreciated fundamental genetic difference in the way these magnificent mammals respond to viral infections.

  20. Pneumonia enzoótica em javalis (Sus scrofa Enzootic pneumonia in wild boars (Sus scrofa

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    Roselene Ecco

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo desse estudo foi descrever o quadro clínico e epidemiológico, os achados patológicos, bacteriológicos e imuno-histoquímicos de um surto de pneumonia em uma granja de Javalis do Distrito Federal, Brasil. Em um período de cinco meses, morreram 90 javalis. Desses, 63 tinham lesões pulmonares. Clinicamente apresentavam atraso no desenvolvimento corporal, diminuição do apetite, letargia, tosse e dificuldade respiratória, principalmente quando movimentados. Constatou-se elevação da temperatura, 40ºC em média. Na auscultação, havia crepitações e estertores pulmonares de intensidade moderada. As alterações macroscópicas nos pulmões analisados eram típicas de broncopneumonia lobular. As lesões caracterizavam-se por consolidação crânio-ventral na maioria dos pulmões. A coloração variava de difusamente vermelho-escuro a um padrão mosaico (lóbulos vermelho-escuros intercalados por lóbulos cinzas ou difusamente acinzentados. Na maioria dos pulmões observou-se exsudato mucopurulento na luz dos brônquios e fluindo do parênquima. Histologicamente, as alterações eram de broncopneumonia purulenta e histiocitária com focos de necrose. Em alguns animais havia também hiperplasia do BALT e, na maioria dos animais, infiltração linfocítica perivascular e peribronquial. Bordetella bronchiseptica e Streptococcus spp. foram as principais bactérias isoladas. A imuno-histoquímica demonstrou a bactéria Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae no epitélio bronquiolar e bronquial e o DNA desta bactéria foi detectado pela PCR. Este é o primeiro relato de broncopneumonia em Javalis associado à infecção por M. hyopneumoniae.The aim of this paper is to describe the clinical, epidemiological, pathological, bacteriological and immunohistochemical aspects of a pneumonia outbreak in a wild pig farm in the Distrito Federal, Brazil. Ninety wild pigs died in a period of five months, and 63 of these had pulmonary lesions. Clinically, the pigs presented reduced growth rate, anorexia, lethargy, cough and dyspnea, especially after they were moved. High body temperature (40ºC in average was verified in some animals. Auscultation revealed moderate pulmonary crepitation and stertors. Pulmonary gross lesions were typical of lobular bronchopneumonia. Lung lesions were characterized by ventral-cranial consolidation in the majority of the cases. The color of affected pulmonary areas varied from diffuse dark red to mosaic pattern (dark red lobule intercalate by grayish lobule or diffusely grayish. The majority of the lungs had mucopurulent exsudate in the bronchial lumen that also drained from the parenchyma cut surface. Upon microscopy, the changes were characterized by purulent and histiocytic bronchopneumonia with necrotic foci. In some animals, there was BALT hyperplasia associated with perivascular and peribronchial plasma cells and lymphocytes infiltration in most of these cases. Bordetella bronchiseptica and Streptococcus spp. were the most frequently isolated bacteria. Immunohistochemistry evaluation demonstrated Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae on the luminal surface of bronchial and bronchiolar epithelial cells, and the DNA of bacteria was detected by PCR. This is the first report of bronchopneumonia in wild boars associated with M. hyopneumoniae infection.

  1. Host-Parasite Relationship of Ticks (Acari: Ixodidae and Argasidae) and Feral Pigs (Sus scrofa) in the Nhecolândia Region of the Pantanal Wetlands in Mato Grosso do Sul.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cançado, P H D; Faccini, J L H; Herrera, H M; Tavares, L E R; Mourão, G M; Piranda, E M; Paes, R C S; Ribeiro, C C D U; Borghesan, T C; Piacenti, A K; Kinas, M A; Santos, C C; Ono, T M; Paiva, F

    2013-01-01

    Feral pigs (S. scrofa) were introduced to the Pantanal region around 200 years ago and the population appears to be in expansion. Its eradication is considered to be impossible. The population of feral pigs in the Pantanal wetlands is currently estimated at one million. Two scientific excursions were organized. The first was conducted during the dry season, when 21 feral pigs were captured and the second was during the wet season, when 23 feral pigs were captured. Ticks were collected and the oviposition and hatching process were studied to confirm the biological success of each tick species. Three tick species were found to be feeding on feral pigs: Amblyomma cajennense, A. parvum, and Ornithodoros rostratus. During the dry season, 178 adult A. cajennense were collected, contrasting with 127 A. cajennense specimens in the wet season. This suggests that the seasonality of these ticks in the Brazilian Pantanal wetlands could be different from other regions. The results indicate that A. parvum and A. cajennense are biologically successful parasites in relation to feral pigs. A. cajennense appears to have adapted to this tick-host relationship, as well as the areas where feral pigs are abundant, and could play a role in the amplification of this tick population.

  2. Single nucleotide polymorphism mining and nucleotide sequence analysis of Mx1 gene in exonic regions of Japanese quail.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niraj, Diwesh Kumar; Kumar, Pushpendra; Mishra, Chinmoy; Narayan, Raj; Bhattacharya, Tarun Kumar; Shrivastava, Kush; Bhushan, Bharat; Tiwari, Ashok Kumar; Saxena, Vishesh; Sahoo, Nihar Ranjan; Sharma, Deepak

    2015-12-01

    An attempt has been made to study the Myxovirus resistant (Mx1) gene polymorphism in Japanese quail. In the present, investigation four fragments viz. Fragment I of 185 bp (Exon 3 region), Fragment II of 148 bp (Exon 5 region), Fragment III of 161 bp (Exon 7 region), and Fragment IV of 176 bp (Exon 13 region) of Mx1 gene were amplified and screened for polymorphism by polymerase chain reaction-single-strand conformation polymorphism technique in 170 Japanese quail birds. Out of the four fragments, one fragment (Fragment II) was found to be polymorphic. Remaining three fragments (Fragment I, III, and IV) were found to be monomorphic which was confirmed by custom sequencing. Overall nucleotide sequence analysis of Mx1 gene of Japanese quail showed 100% homology with common quail and more than 80% homology with reported sequence of chicken breeds. The Mx1 gene is mostly conserved in Japanese quail. There is an urgent need of comprehensive analysis of other regions of Mx1 gene along with its possible association with the traits of economic importance in Japanese quail.

  3. Single nucleotide polymorphism mining and nucleotide sequence analysis of Mx1 gene in exonic regions of Japanese quail

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    Diwesh Kumar Niraj

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Aim: An attempt has been made to study the Myxovirus resistant (Mx1 gene polymorphism in Japanese quail. Materials and Methods: In the present, investigation four fragments viz. Fragment I of 185 bp (Exon 3 region, Fragment II of 148 bp (Exon 5 region, Fragment III of 161 bp (Exon 7 region, and Fragment IV of 176 bp (Exon 13 region of Mx1 gene were amplified and screened for polymorphism by polymerase chain reaction-single-strand conformation polymorphism technique in 170 Japanese quail birds. Results: Out of the four fragments, one fragment (Fragment II was found to be polymorphic. Remaining three fragments (Fragment I, III, and IV were found to be monomorphic which was confirmed by custom sequencing. Overall nucleotide sequence analysis of Mx1 gene of Japanese quail showed 100% homology with common quail and more than 80% homology with reported sequence of chicken breeds. Conclusion: The Mx1 gene is mostly conserved in Japanese quail. There is an urgent need of comprehensive analysis of other regions of Mx1 gene along with its possible association with the traits of economic importance in Japanese quail.

  4. MX1: a bending-magnet crystallography beamline serving both chemical and macromolecular crystallography communities at the Australian Synchrotron

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cowieson, Nathan Philip; Aragao, David; Clift, Mark; Ericsson, Daniel J.; Gee, Christine; Harrop, Stephen J.; Mudie, Nathan; Panjikar, Santosh; Price, Jason R.; Riboldi-Tunnicliffe, Alan; Williamson, Rachel; Caradoc-Davies, Tom

    2015-01-01

    The macromolecular crystallography beamline MX1 at the Australian Synchrotron is described. MX1 is a bending-magnet crystallography beamline at the 3 GeV Australian Synchrotron. The beamline delivers hard X-rays in the energy range from 8 to 18 keV to a focal spot at the sample position of 120 µm FWHM. The beamline endstation and ancillary equipment facilitate local and remote access for both chemical and biological macromolecular crystallography. Here, the design of the beamline and endstation are discussed. The beamline has enjoyed a full user program for the last seven years and scientific highlights from the user program are also presented

  5. Estabelecimento do processo espermatogênico em javalis ("Sus scrofa scrofa" criados em cativeiro Establishment of spermatogenic process in wild boars (Sus scrofa scrofa raised in captivity

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    Marcelo Diniz Santos

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Objetivou-se com esta pesquisa investigar o desenvolvimento do parênquima testicular de javalis, do nascimento aos 12 meses de idade, avaliando a evolução do processo de luminação e dos tipos celulares nos túbulos seminíferos e as proporções volumétricas dos componentes do parênquima testicular associando-os à caracterização das fases de desenvolvimento testicular. Foram utilizados 39 javalis criados em cativeiro, de zero a 12 meses de idade. Após a orquiectomia unilateral fragmentos dos testículos foram incluídos em resina plástica e as lâminas foram preparadas para as análises histométricas. A atividade espermatogênica e o processo de vacuolização epitelial iniciaram a partir dos três meses de idade. A evolução celular do epitélio seminífero foi mais intensa a partir dos nove meses, quando o processo espermatogênico apresentava-se completo e os túbulos seminíferos possuíam lume amplo. Aos 12 meses de idade, a morfologia do processo espermatogênico foi semelhante ao relatado para animais sexualmente maduros e a proporção tubular no parênquima testicular enquadrou-se ao descrito para a maioria dos mamíferos. Conclui-se que os javalis podem ser classificados quanto à fase de desenvolvimento testicular como impúberes do nascimento aos dois meses; como pré-púbere entre três e oito meses; como púberes aos nove meses; como pós-púberes entre 10 e 12 meses; e aos 12 meses apresentam características de animais sexualmente maduros.This study aimed to investigate the development of testicular parenchyma of wild boars, from the birth to 12 months old, evaluating the evolution process of lumination and the cellular types in seminiferous tubules and the volumetric proportions of testicular parenchyma components, associating them to the characterization of testicular development phases. A total of 39 wild boars raised in captivity had been used, from zero to 12 months old. After unilateral orchiectomy, fragments of the testicles were included in plastic resin and used to prepare slides for hystometric analyses. The beginning of spermatogenic activity and the epithelial vacuolization process occurred from three months of age. The cellular evolution of the seminiferous epithelium was more intense after the nine months, when the spermatogenic process is completed and the seminiferous tubules presented an ample light. At 12 months old, the morphology of spermatogenic process was similar to that reported for sexually mature animals and the tubular proportion are framed to the described for most of the mammals. It is ended that the period from the birth up to two months of age corresponded to the impubertal phase, from three to eight months to the transition from the prepubertal phase to puberty; to nine months at the puberty; and, from ten to twelve months of age to the after puberty phase, and to the 12 presented characteristics of animals sexually ripe.

  6. Long non-coding RNA lnc-MX1-1 is associated with poor clinical features and promotes cellular proliferation and invasiveness in prostate cancer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jiang, Chen-Yi; Gao, Yuan; Wang, Xing-Jie [Department of Urology, Shanghai General Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200080 (China); Ruan, Yuan [Department of Urology, Shanghai General Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200080 (China); Department of Urology, Shanghai General Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University, Shanghai 200080 (China); Bei, Xiao-Yu; Wang, Xiao-Hai; Jing, Yi-Feng; Zhao, Wei; Jiang, Qi [Department of Urology, Shanghai General Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200080 (China); Li, Jia; Han, Bang-Min [Department of Urology, Shanghai General Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200080 (China); Institute of Urology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200080 (China); Xia, Shu-Jie [Department of Urology, Shanghai General Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200080 (China); Department of Urology, Shanghai General Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University, Shanghai 200080 (China); Institute of Urology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200080 (China); Zhao, Fu-Jun, E-mail: drzhaofujun@yahoo.com [Department of Urology, Shanghai General Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200080 (China); Institute of Urology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200080 (China)

    2016-02-12

    Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are emerging as key molecules in human cancer genesis and progression, including prostate cancer. Large amount of lncRNAs have been found that differentially expressed between prostate cancer tissues and normal prostate tissues. Whether these lncRNAs could serve as a novel biomarker for prostate cancer diagnosis or prognosis, and their biological functions in prostate cancer need further investigation. In the present study, we identified that lncRNA lnc-MX1-1 is over-expressed in prostate cancer tissues compared with their adjacent normal prostate tissues by gene expression array profiling. The expression of lnc-MX1-1 in 60 prostate cancer cases was determined by real-time quantitative PCR and the correlations between lnc-MX1-1 expression and patients' clinical features were further analyzed. Next, we impaired lnc-MX1-1 expression using RNAi in LNCaP and 22Rv1 prostate cancer cells to explore the effects of lnc-MX1-1 on proliferation and invasiveness of the cells. Our results showed that there was a significant association between over-expression of lnc-MX1-1 and patients' clinical features such as PSA, Gleason score, metastasis, and recurrence free survival. Moreover, knockdown of lnc-MX1-1 reduced both proliferation and invasiveness of LNCaP and 22Rv1 cells. In conclusion, the results suggest that lnc-MX1-1 may serve as a potential biomarker and therapeutic target for prostate cancer. - Highlights: • LncRNA lnc-MX1-1 is up-regulated in prostate cancer. • Overexpression of lnc-MX1-1 is correlated with poor prostate cancer clinical features. • Knockdown of lnc-MX1-1 reduces proliferation and invasiveness of prostate cancer cells.

  7. Ocorrências da família Sarcophagidae (Insecta, Díptera em carcaças de Sus scrofa Linnaeus (Suidae em Belém-PA, colonização da carcaça e sua relação com o tempo de morte do animal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paula Daniela Raiol Bitar de Araujo

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho visa verificar a ocorrência de Dípteros de interesse forense em uma carcaça de suíno, sua colonização e relação com o tempo de morte do animal, dando maior ênfase na família Sarcophagidae, por constituírem fauna constante e obrigatória de carcaça e por utilizarem esse substrato como sítio de procriação. O experimento foi realizado em uma área de mata, localizada nas dependências do Instituto de Pesquisa Museu Emílio Goeldi, em Belém-Pa. Foi utilizado como isca um suíno (Sus scrofa L. inteiro (com vísceras, de 14,5 Kg, recém abatido. Este foi exposto sob uma armadilha do tipo suspensa modificada, adequada à coletas de insetos adultos, sendo que também foram coletadas larvas e pupas, diretamente na carcaça. A ocorrência dos insetos adultos e de seus estágios larvais foi correlacionada com o tempo de morte do animal, a fim de possibilitar futuras inferências de tempo de morte com base na presença e dispersão destes insetos. O tempo de decomposição e a duração de cada estágio de decomposição foram registrados, tendo sido afetados provavelmente pelo tamanho da carcaça e pela estação do ano. Diferenças quanto ao padrão de sucessão não foram observadas

  8. Cognitive testing of pigs (Sus scrofa) in translational biobehavioral research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kornum, Birgitte R; Knudsen, Gitte M

    2011-01-01

    with a higher translational value. Several brain disorders have been fully or partially modeled in the pig and this has further spurred an interest in having access to behavioral tasks for pigs, and in particular to cognitive tasks. Cognitive testing of pigs has been conducted for several years by a small group...

  9. Linkage and QTL mapping for Sus scrofa chromosome 2

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Lee, S. S.; Chen, Y.; Moran, C.; Čepica, Stanislav; Reiner, G.; Bartenschlager, H.; Moser, G.; Geldermann, H.

    2003-01-01

    Roč. 120, č. 1 (2003), s. 11 ISSN 0931-2668 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA523/97/1305 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z5045916 Keywords : chromosome 2 Subject RIV: EB - Genetics ; Molecular Biology Impact factor: 0.634, year: 2003

  10. Linkage and QTL mapping for Sus scrofa chromosome 15

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Kuryl, J.; Pierzchala, M.; Hojný, Jiří; Reuner, G.; Bartenschlager, H.; Moser, G.; Geldermann, H.

    2003-01-01

    Roč. 120, č. 1 (2003), s. 119-125 ISSN 0931-2668 R&D Projects: GA AV ČR IA54553 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z5045916 Keywords : chromosome15 Subject RIV: EB - Genetics ; Molecular Biology Impact factor: 0.634, year: 2003

  11. Linkage and QTL mapping for Sus scrofa chromosome 5

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Lee, S. S.; Chen, Y.; Moran, C.; Stratil, Antonín; Reiner, G.; Bartenschlager, H.; Moser, G.; Geldermann, H.

    2003-01-01

    Roč. 120, č. 1 (2003), s. 38-44 ISSN 0931-2668 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA523/97/1305 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z5045916 Keywords : chromosome 5 Subject RIV: EB - Genetics ; Molecular Biology Impact factor: 0.634, year: 2003

  12. Linkage and QTL mapping for Sus scrofa chromosome X

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Čepica, Stanislav; Reiner, G.; Bartenschlager, H.; Moser, G.; Geldermann, H.

    2003-01-01

    Roč. 120, č. 1 (2003), s. 144-151 ISSN 0931-2668 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA523/96/0597; GA ČR GA523/99/0842 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z5045916 Keywords : chromosome X Subject RIV: EB - Genetics ; Molecular Biology Impact factor: 0.634, year: 2003

  13. Linkage and QTL mapping for Sus scrofa chromosome 13

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Yue, G.; Russo, V.; Davoli, R.; Sternstein, I.; Brunsch, C.; Schröffelová, D.; Stratil, Antonín; Moser, G.; Bartenschlager, H.; Reiner, G.; Geldermann, H.

    2003-01-01

    Roč. 120, č. 1 (2003), s. 103-110 ISSN 0931-2668 R&D Projects: GA AV ČR IA54553 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z5045916 Keywords : chromosome13 Subject RIV: EB - Genetics ; Molecular Biology Impact factor: 0.634, year: 2003

  14. Linkage and QTL mapping for Sus scrofa chromosome 18

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Dragos-Wendrich, M.; Stratil, Antonín; Hojný, Jiří; Moser, G.; Bartenschlager, H.; Reiner, G.; Geldermann, H.

    2003-01-01

    Roč. 120, č. 1 (2003), s. 138-143 ISSN 0931-2668 R&D Projects: GA AV ČR IA54553; GA ČR GA523/97/1305 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z5045916 Keywords : chromosome18 Subject RIV: EB - Genetics ; Molecular Biology Impact factor: 0.634, year: 2003

  15. Linkage and QTL mapping for Sus scrofa chromosome 4

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Čepica, Stanislav; Stratil, Antonín; Kopečný, Michal; Blažková, Pavla; Schröffel Jr., Jaroslav; Davoli, R.; Fontanesi, L.; Reiner, G.; Bartenschlager, H.; Moser, G.; Geldermann, H.

    2003-01-01

    Roč. 120, č. 1 (2003), s. 28-37 ISSN 0931-2668 R&D Projects: GA AV ČR IA54553; GA ČR GA523/97/1305; GA ČR GA523/00/0669 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z5045916 Keywords : chromosome 4 Subject RIV: EB - Genetics ; Molecular Biology Impact factor: 0.634, year: 2003

  16. Linkage and QTL mapping for Sus scrofa chromosome 9

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Čepica, Stanislav; Schröffel Jr., Jaroslav; Stratil, Antonín; Hojný, J.; Pierzchala, M.; Kuryl, J.; Brunsch, C.; Sternstein, I.; Davoli, R.; Fontanesi, L.; Reiner, G.; Bartenschlager, H.; Moser, G.; Geldermann, H.

    2003-01-01

    Roč. 120, č. 1 (2003), s. 74-81 ISSN 0931-2668 R&D Projects: GA AV ČR KSK5052113; GA ČR GA523/96/0597; GA AV ČR IA54553; GA ČR GA523/99/0842 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z5045916 Keywords : chromosome 9 Subject RIV: EB - Genetics ; Molecular Biology Impact factor: 0.634, year: 2003

  17. Linkage and QTL mapping for Sus scrofa chromosome 12

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Yue, G.; Schröffel Jr., Jaroslav; Moser, G.; Bartenschlager, H.; Reiner, G.; Geldermann, H.

    2003-01-01

    Roč. 120, č. 1 (2003), s. 95-102 ISSN 0931-2668 R&D Projects: GA AV ČR IA54553 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z5045916 Keywords : chromosome12 Subject RIV: EB - Genetics ; Molecular Biology Impact factor: 0.634, year: 2003

  18. Linkage and QTL mapping for Sus scrofa chromosome 6

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Yue, G.; Stratil, Antonín; Kopečný, Michal; Schröffelová, D.; Schröffel Jr., Jaroslav; Hojný, J.; Čepica, Stanislav; Davoli, R.; Zambonelli, P.; Brunsch, C.; Sternstein, I.; Moser, G.; Bartenschlager, H.; Reiner, G.; Geldermann, H.

    2003-01-01

    Roč. 120, č. 1 (2003), s. 45-55 ISSN 0931-2668 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA523/97/1305; GA AV ČR IA54553 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z5045916 Keywords : chromosome 6 Subject RIV: EB - Genetics ; Molecular Biology Impact factor: 0.634, year: 2003

  19. Linkage and QTL maping for Sus scrofa chromosome 1

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Beeckmann, P.; Schröffel Jr., Jaroslav; Moser, G.; Bartenschlager, H.; Reiner, G.; Geldermann, H.

    2003-01-01

    Roč. 120, č. 1 (2003), s. 1-10 ISSN 0931-2668 R&D Projects: GA AV ČR IA54553 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z5045916 Keywords : chromosome1 Subject RIV: EB - Genetics ; Molecular Biology Impact factor: 0.634, year: 2003

  20. Linkage and QTL mapping for Sus scrofa chromosome 7

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Yue, G.; Stratil, Antonín; Čepica, Stanislav; Schröffel Jr., Jaroslav; Fontanesi, L.; Cagnazzo, M.; Moser, G.; Bartenschlager, H.; Reiner, G.; Geldermann, H.

    2003-01-01

    Roč. 120, č. 1 (2003), s. 56-65 ISSN 0931-2668 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA523/97/1305; GA AV ČR IA54553; GA ČR GA514/94/0269 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z5045916 Keywords : chromosome 7 Subject RIV: EB - Genetics ; Molecular Biology Impact factor: 0.634, year: 2003

  1. Linkage and QTL mapping for Sus scrofa chromosome 3

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Beeckmann, P.; Schröffel Jr., Jaroslav; Moser, G.; Bartenschlager, H.; Reiner, G.; Geldermann, H.

    2003-01-01

    Roč. 120, č. 1 (2003), s. 20-28 ISSN 0931-2668 R&D Projects: GA AV ČR IA54553 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z5045916 Keywords : chromosome 3 Subject RIV: EB - Genetics ; Molecular Biology Impact factor: 0.634, year: 2003

  2. Porcine (Sus scrofa) Chronic Myocardial Infarction Model Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-04-03

    Myocardial Infarction Model Development.” PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR (PI) / TRAINING COORDINATOR (TC): Lt Col. Daren Danielson DEPARTMENT: 60MSGS/SGCH...invasively, a myocardial infarction that was isolated to the mid-anterior, left ventricular wall. In doing so, we were able to create an infarct that...be used to investigate new methodologies for treatment of chronic myocardial infarction in individuals afflicted with chronic ischemic

  3. Mitochondrial genome of Taiwan pig ( Sus Scrofa ) | Chen | African ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... the genetic exchange between the Lanyu and other breeds is not frequent. There is also no evidence of genetic exchange or introgression caused by population migration. Therefore, we conclude that the Lanyu is an independent branch among the breeds. Key words: Complete genome, mitochondrial DNA, phylogenetic ...

  4. Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in domestic pigs (Sus scrofa domestica) and wild boars (Sus scrofa) in Latvia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deksne, Gunita; Kirjušina, Muza

    2013-02-01

    Consumption of undercooked pork products is considered a major risk factor for contracting toxoplasmosis in humans in several countries. In total, 803 pork samples and 606 wild boar meat samples were collected from different regions of Latvia during June 2010 and February 2011 were tested for Toxoplasma gondii antibodies using an in-house ELISA assay. Seroprevalence in wild boar (33.2%, P Latvia.

  5. Transfer of the amino-terminal nuclear envelope targeting domain of human MX2 converts MX1 into an HIV-1 resistance factor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goujon, Caroline; Moncorgé, Olivier; Bauby, Hélène; Doyle, Tomas; Barclay, Wendy S; Malim, Michael H

    2014-08-01

    The myxovirus resistance 2 (MX2) protein of humans has been identified recently as an interferon (IFN)-inducible inhibitor of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) that acts at a late postentry step of infection to prevent the nuclear accumulation of viral cDNA (C. Goujon et al., Nature 502:559-562, 2013, http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature12542; M. Kane et al., Nature 502:563-566, 2013, http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature12653; Z. Liu et al., Cell Host Microbe 14:398-410, 2013, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chom.2013.08.015). In contrast, the closely related human MX1 protein, which suppresses infection by a range of RNA and DNA viruses (such as influenza A virus [FluAV]), is ineffective against HIV-1. Using a panel of engineered chimeric MX1/2 proteins, we demonstrate that the amino-terminal 91-amino-acid domain of MX2 confers full anti-HIV-1 function when transferred to the amino terminus of MX1, and that this fusion protein retains full anti-FluAV activity. Confocal microscopy experiments further show that this MX1/2 fusion, similar to MX2 but not MX1, can localize to the nuclear envelope (NE), linking HIV-1 inhibition with MX accumulation at the NE. MX proteins are dynamin-like GTPases, and while MX1 antiviral function requires GTPase activity, neither MX2 nor MX1/2 chimeras require this attribute to inhibit HIV-1. This key discrepancy between the characteristics of MX1- and MX2-mediated viral resistance, together with previous observations showing that the L4 loop of the stalk domain of MX1 is a critical determinant of viral substrate specificity, presumably reflect fundamental differences in the mechanisms of antiviral suppression. Accordingly, we propose that further comparative studies of MX proteins will help illuminate the molecular basis and subcellular localization requirements for implementing the noted diversity of virus inhibition by MX proteins. Interferon (IFN) elicits an antiviral state in cells through the induction of hundreds of IFN

  6. Expression of IFN-Inducible Genes with Antiviral Function OAS1 and MX1 in Health and under Conditions of Recurrent Herpes Simplex Infection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karaulov, A V; Shulzhenko, A E; Karsonova, A V

    2017-07-01

    We studied the expression of IFN-inducible genes OAS1 and Mx1 in lysates of peripheral blood mononuclear cells from patients suffering from recurrent Herpes simplex infections in comparison with healthy people. To induce the expression of the studied genes, blood mononuclears were incubated with recombinant IFN-α2b in concentrations of 1, 10, and 100 U/ml for 3 h and then the content of the studied transcripts was evaluated. Relative expression of OAS1 and Mx1 in patients with recurrent forms of Herpes simplex both during the acute stage and clinical remission did not differ significantly from that in healthy people after stimulation with IFN-α2b in a concentration of 1 U/ml and in higher concentrations (10 and 100 U/ml). It was concluded that intracellular signal transduction in IFN-α-activated cells in vitro was not disturbed in patients with recurrent forms of Herpes simplex infection. Thus, the reported phenomenon of IFN-signalling distortion by Herpes simplex virus proteins observed in experiments on model cell lines infected with Herpes simplex virus was not confirmed in our experiments on peripheral blood mononuclear cells from patients with Herpes simplex infection.

  7. Ecología trófica del jabalí europeo (Sus scrofa silvestre en Chile Trophic ecology of the wild boar (Sus scrofa in Chile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ÓSCAR SKEWES

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Documentamos la dieta del jabalí silvestre en el centro-sur de Chile basados en el examen de 20 estómagos colectados en los faldeos de volcán Mocho-Choshuenco (39°54' S, 72°02' O y en el Parque Nacional Vicente Pérez Rosales (41°03' S, 71°54' O. La dieta está representada por animales, vegetales y hongos. Entre los vegetales y hongos son consumidas tanto las partes epígeas como hipógeas, lo mismo que frutos y semillas. Hongos y rizomas de Gunnera tinctoria constituyen ítemes vegetales cuantitativamente importantes en la alimentación. El jabalí forrajea en general en ambiente boscoso, pero las especies vegetales más frecuentes en la dieta se encuentran en espacios abiertos o fuera del bosque. El ambiente dominado por Chusquea spp. constituye un importante sitio de alimentación. Los roedores de la familia Muridae dominan entre los animales determinados en la dieta del jabalí. Esta situación, sin embargo, parece obedecer a la ocurrencia de una ratada producto de la semillación masiva de Chusquea spp. durante la época de muestreo. Las aves de la familia Rhinocryptidae e invertebrados (en especial larvas del coleóptero Chiasognathus grantii constituyen parte frecuente de los ítemes animales de la dieta del jabalí. En comparación a estudios en otras partes del mundo, el jabalí silvestre en Chile consume hongos en porcentaje de ocurrencia similar (65 % a su dieta en Estados Unidos de América pero bastante más alta que su dieta en Europa (5-32 %. En relación al volumen del componente animal, el jabalí en Chile consume más (16,1 % que en Estados Unidos de América (6 % y que en Europa (7-13 %We document the diet of wild boar in south-central Chile based on analysis of 20 stomachs collected on the outskirts of Mocho-Choshuenco volcano (39°54' S, 72°02' W and of Vicente Pérez Rosales National Park (41°03' S, 71°54' W. The diet incorporates animals, plants and fungi. Among the latter two, both epigeal and hypogeal parts are consumed, together with fruits and seeds. Fungi and rhizomes of Gunnera tinctoria are the most abundant plant items in the diet. The wild boar in Chile forages chiefly in forested environments, but nonetheless the most frequent plant items in its diet are found in open spaces or outside the forest. Environments dominated by bamboos Chusquea spp. constitute important foraging sites. Rodents in the family Muridae prevail among animal items in the wild boar diet. This situation, however, is associated to the occurrence of a mouse outbreak (ratada resulting from the mast seeding of Chusquea spp. during our study. Birds in the family Rhinocryptidae together with invertebrates (specially Coleopteran larvae of Chiasognathus grantii made up a sizeable part of the animals in the wild boar diet. In comparison to elsewhere, the wild boar in Chile consumes fungi in a similar percentage of occurence (65 % as in the United States of America but much higher than in Europe (5-32 %. With regard to the animal component, the wild boar in Chile consumes more (20 % volume of such items than in the United States of America (6 % and in Europe (7-13 %

  8. Análise cromossômica e molecular do javali europeu Sus scrofa scrofa e do suíno doméstico Sus scrofa domesticus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danilo Lucano Gimenez

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available A presente investigação teve como objetivos: analisar animais presentes em diferentes criações de javalis no estado de São Paulo, com o intuito de auxiliar a identificação de javalis "puros" assim como javalis híbridos provenientes do cruzamento com o suíno doméstico, para tanto foram utilizadas avaliação do fenótipo dos animais, análises citogenéticas e da técnica molecular de RAPD (Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA.O estudo do número de cromossomos nas células diplóides em 104 animais destinados a análise citogenética e fenotípica, revelou polimorfismo de 2n=36, 37 e 38 cromossomos. Por meio da técnica de bandamento GTG foi possível identificação da translocação Robertsoniana entre os cromossomos 15 e 17 como responsável por esse polimorfismo. Todavia, somente com a análise citogenética isolada, não foi possível determinar se a origem desse polimorfismo é decorrente das hibridações com o suíno doméstico ou se são características inerentes ao javali. Contudo, quando associado a análise citogenética com as características fenotípicas, foi possível identificar a existência de hibridações. A análise citogenética nos animais submetidos a técnica de RAPD, revelou 2n=36 cromossomos nos 16 javalis assim como 2n=38 cromossomos nos 11 suínos e, por meio dessa técnica, foram possíveis agrupamentos, separando o suíno doméstico, javali e um possível híbrido revelando-se uma técnica com potencial no auxílio da identificação de híbridos.

  9. Prevalence and molecular epidemiology of porcine cysticercosis in naturally infected pigs (Sus scrofa) in Punjab, India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chawhan, P; Singh, B; Sharma, R; Gill, P S

    2015-12-01

    Porcine cysticercosis is a serious zoonosis in resource-poor countries. Despite the evidence showing that the disease is endemic in the Punjab region of India, molecular characterisation of Taenia solium cysticercosis from naturally infected pigs has not been carried out. The authors examined a total of 519 pigs slaughtered in small slaughter shops (shops that sell meat from animals that are slaughtered on the premises as the customer waits) in the urban slums of Punjab state in northern India. The expected polymerase chain reaction products with molecular sizes of 286 bp, 420 bp, 1150 bp and 333 bp corresponding to the targeted large subunit ribosomal RNA (rRNA), cytochrome oxidase 1, internal transcribed spacer 1, and diagnostic antigen Ts14 genes, respectively, were amplified from the cysts collected from all 22 infected carcasses. The detection limits for the respective primers (except those targeting the Ts14 gene) were estimated. The analytical sensitivities of both the TBR and JB primers (targeting the rRNA and cytochrome oxidase genes, respectively) were found to be higher (10 pg) than that of the internal transcribed spacer 1 gene (1 ng) primers. Ten representative samples from cytochrome oxidase 1 gene amplified products were sequenced in both directions for phylogenetic analysis. Sequencing demonstrated that all cysticerci were of the Asian genotype of T. solium and not of the African/Latin American genotype or T. asiatica. The results confirm the presence of T. solium porcine cysticercosis in Punjab state and there is therefore an urgent need for science-based policies for prevention and control of this serious zoonosis.

  10. Seroprevalence of brucellosis, tularemia, and yersiniosis in wild boars (Sus scrofa) from north-eastern Germany.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al Dahouk, S; Nöckler, K; Tomaso, H; Splettstoesser, W D; Jungersen, G; Riber, U; Petry, T; Hoffmann, D; Scholz, H C; Hensel, A; Neubauer, H

    2005-12-01

    Brucellosis and tularemia are classical zoonotic diseases transmitted from an animal reservoir to humans. Both, wildlife and domestic animals, contribute to the spreading of these zoonoses. The surveillance of the animal health status is strictly regulated for domestic animals, whereas systematic disease monitoring in wildlife does not exist. The aim of the present study was to provide data on the prevalence of anti-Brucella, anti-Francisella and anti-Yersinia antibodies in wild boars from North-Eastern Germany to assess public health risks. A total of 763 sera of wild boars from Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania hunted in 1995/1996 were tested using a commercially available Brucella suis ELISA, an in-house lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-based Francisella ELISA, and commercially available Western blot kits for the detection of anti-Francisella and anti-Yersinia antibodies. The Yersinia enterocolitica O:9 LPS is able to induce serological cross-reactions indistinguishable from brucellosis due to a similar immunodominant epitope in the Brucella O-polysaccharide. The Yersinia Western blot assay was, therefore, based on five recombinant Yersinia outer proteins which have been proved to be specific for the serodiagnosis of yersiniosis. Anti-Brucella, anti-Francisella and anti-Yersinia antibodies were detected in 22.0%, 3.1%, and 62.6% of the wild boars, respectively. The high seroprevalence of tularemia and brucellosis in wild boars indicates that natural foci of these zoonoses are present in wildlife in Germany. However, the impact of transmission of zoonotic pathogens from wildlife to livestock is unknown. Only careful and systematic monitoring will help to prevent the (re)emergence of these zoonotic diseases in domestic animals and consequently human infection.

  11. A preliminary study on insects associated with pig (Sus scrofa) carcasses in Phitsanulok, northern Thailand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Apichat, Vitta; Wilawan, Pumidonming; Udomsak, Tangchaisuriya; Chanasorn, Poodendean; Saengchai, Nateeworanart

    2007-12-01

    preliminary study on insects associated with pig carcasses was conducted in Phitsanulok, northern Thailand. Five decomposition stages of pig carcasses were categorized: fresh (0-1 day after death), bloated (2 days after death), active (3 days after death), advanced (4- 6 days after death) and dry (7-30 days after death). The arthropod species collected from the corpses in the field sites were mainly classified belonging to two orders and nine families, namely order Diptera (family Calliphoridae: Chrysomya rufifacies and Chrysomya megacephala, family Muscidae: Musca domestica, family Faniidae: Fannia canicularis, family Sarcophagidae: Parasarcophaga ruficornis and family Piophilidae: Piophila casei,) and order Coleoptera (family Dermestidae: Dermestes maculatus, family Histeridae: Hister sp., family Cleridae: Necrobia rufipes and family Trogidae: Trox sp). The forensically dominant fly was C. rufifacies, while the beetle was D. maculatus. The beetles associated with pig carcasses found in this study are first reported in Phitsanulok, Thailand. In addition, ants, bees, spiders and millipedes were also associated with the carcasses. These findings may provide data for further use in legal investigations in Thailand.

  12. Genetic resources, genome mapping and evolutionary genomics of the pig (Sus scrofa)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Chen, K.; Baxter, T.; Muir, W.M.; Groenen, M.A.M.; Schook, L.B.

    2007-01-01

    The pig, a representative of the artiodactyla clade, is one of the first animals domesticated, and has become an important agriculture animal as one of the major human nutritional sources of animal based protein. The pig is also a valuable biomedical model organism for human health. The pig's

  13. Cryptosporidium scrofarum n. sp. (Apicomplexa: Cryptosporidiidae) in domestic pigs (Sus scrofa)

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Kváč, Martin; Kestřánová, M.; Pinková, Martina; Květoňová, Dana; Kalinová, Jana; Wagnerová, Pavla; Kotková, Michaela; Vitovec, J.; Ditrich, Oleg; McEvoy, J.; Stenger, B.; Sak, Bohumil

    2013-01-01

    Roč. 191, 3-4 (2013), s. 218-227 ISSN 0304-4017 R&D Projects: GA MŠk(CZ) LH11061 Institutional support: RVO:60077344 ; RVO:67985904 Keywords : Cryptosporidium scrofarum * Taxonomy * Morphology * Molecular analyses * Transmission studies * Cryptosporidium pig genotype II Subject RIV: EB - Genetics ; Molecular Biology Impact factor: 2.545, year: 2013

  14. Cryptosporidium suis and Cryptosporidium scrofarum in Eurasian wild boars (Sus scrofa) in Central Europe

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Němejc, K.; Sak, Bohumil; Květoňová, Dana; Hanzal, V.; Janiszewski, P.; Forejtek, P.; Rajský, D.; Ravaszová, P.; McEvoy, J.; Kváč, Martin

    2013-01-01

    Roč. 197, 3-4 (2013), s. 504-508 ISSN 0304-4017 Grant - others:Jihočeská univerzita(CZ) 022/2010/Z; Jihočeská univerzita(CZ) 11/2013/Z Institutional support: RVO:60077344 Keywords : Central Europe * Cryptosporidium scrofarum * Cryptosporidium suis * Eurasian wild boar * PCR * SSU Subject RIV: EE - Microbiology, Virology Impact factor: 2.545, year: 2013

  15. Evidence for Chlamydiaceae and Parachlamydiaceae in a wild boar (Sus scrofa population in Italy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonietta Di Francesco

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Conjunctival swabs from 44 free-living wild boars culled during a demographic control programme applied in a Regional Park located in the Northern Italy were examined by 16S rRNA encoding gene nested PCR. In total, 22 (50% wild boars were PCR positive. Sequencing of the amplicons identified Chlamydia suis and Chlamydia pecorum in 12 and 5 samples, respectively. For one sample found PCR positive, the nucleotide sequence could not be determined. Four conjunctival samples showed ≥ 92% sequence similarities to 16S rRNA sequences from Chlamydia-like organisms, as did large intestine, uterus, and vaginal swabs from the same four animals. Amoeba DNA was found in one Chlamydia-like organism positive conjunctival swab. To our knowledge, this is the first detection of members of the Parachlamydiaceae family in wild boars, confirming a large animal host range for Chlamydia-like organisms.

  16. Mapping carcass and meat quality QTL on Sus Scrofa chromosome 2 in commercial finishing pigs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    van Kampen Tony A

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Quantitative trait loci (QTL affecting carcass and meat quality located on SSC2 were identified using variance component methods. A large number of traits involved in meat and carcass quality was detected in a commercial crossbred population: 1855 pigs sired by 17 boars from a synthetic line, which where homozygous (A/A for IGF2. Using combined linkage and linkage disequilibrium mapping (LDLA, several QTL significantly affecting loin muscle mass, ham weight and ham muscles (outer ham and knuckle ham and meat quality traits, such as Minolta-L* and -b*, ultimate pH and Japanese colour score were detected. These results agreed well with previous QTL-studies involving SSC2. Since our study is carried out on crossbreds, different QTL may be segregating in the parental lines. To address this question, we compared models with a single QTL-variance component with models allowing for separate sire and dam QTL-variance components. The same QTL were identified using a single QTL variance component model compared to a model allowing for separate variances with minor differences with respect to QTL location. However, the variance component method made it possible to detect QTL segregating in the paternal line (e.g. HAMB, the maternal lines (e.g. Ham or in both (e.g. pHu. Combining association and linkage information among haplotypes improved slightly the significance of the QTL compared to an analysis using linkage information only.

  17. Effects of acute dietary iron overload in pigs (Sus scrofa) with induced type 2 diabetes mellitus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Espinoza, A; Morales, S; Arredondo, M

    2014-06-01

    Epidemiological studies have reported an association between high iron (Fe) levels and elevated risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D). It is believed that the formation of Fe-catalyzed hydroxyl radicals may contribute to the development of diabetes. Our goal was to determine the effect of a diet with a high Fe content on type 2 diabetic pigs. Four groups of piglets were studied: (1) control group, basal diet; (2) Fe group, basal diet with 3,000 ppm ferrous sulfate; (3) diabetic group (streptozotocin-induced type 2 diabetes) with basal diet; (4) diabetic/Fe group, diabetic animals/3,000 ppm ferrous sulfate. For 2 months, biochemical and hematological parameters were evaluated. Tissue samples of liver and duodenum were obtained to determine mRNA relative abundance of DMT1, ferroportin (Fpn), ferritin (Fn), hepcidin (Hpc), and transferrin receptor by qRT-PCR. Fe group presented increased levels of hematological (erythrocytes, hematocrit, and hemoglobin) and iron parameters. Diabetic/Fe group showed similar behavior as Fe group but in lesser extent. The relative abundance of different genes in the four study groups yielded a different expression pattern. DMT1 showed a lower expression in the two iron groups compared with control and diabetic animals, and Hpc showed an increased on its expression in Fe and diabetic/Fe groups. Diabetic/Fe group presents greater expression of Fn and Fpn. These results suggest that there is an interaction between Fe nutrition, inflammation, and oxidative stress in the diabetes development.

  18. The spatial ecology of free-ranging domestic pigs (Sus scrofa) in western Kenya.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, Lian F; de Glanville, William A; Cook, Elizabeth A; Fèvre, Eric M

    2013-03-07

    In many parts of the developing world, pigs are kept under low-input systems where they roam freely to scavenge food. These systems allow poor farmers the opportunity to enter into livestock keeping without large capital investments. This, combined with a growing demand for pork, especially in urban areas, has led to an increase in the number of small-holder farmers keeping free range pigs as a commercial enterprise. Despite the benefits which pig production can bring to a household, keeping pigs under a free range system increases the risk of the pig acquiring diseases, either production-limiting or zoonotic in nature. This study used Global Positioning System (GPS) technology to track free range domestic pigs in rural western Kenya, in order to understand their movement patterns and interactions with elements of the peri-domestic environment. We found that these pigs travel an average of 4,340 m in a 12 hr period and had a mean home range of 10,343 m(2) (range 2,937-32,759 m(2)) within which the core utilisation distribution was found to be 964 m(2) (range 246-3,289 m(2)) with pigs spending on average 47% of their time outside their homestead of origin. These are the first data available on the home range of domestic pigs kept under a free range system: the data show that pigs in these systems spend much of their time scavenging outside their homesteads, suggesting that these pigs may be exposed to infectious agents over a wide area. Control policies for diseases such as Taenia solium, Trypanosomiasis, Trichinellosis, Toxoplasmosis or African Swine Fever therefore require a community-wide focus and pig farmers require education on the inherent risks of keeping pigs under a free range system. The work presented here will enable future research to incorporate movement data into studies of disease transmission, for example for the understanding of transmission of African Swine Fever between individuals, or in relation to the life-cycle of parasites including Taenia solium.

  19. Hybridization levels in European Sus scrofa, comparison between genetic and survey data

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Iacolina, Laura; Bakan, Jana; Cubric-Curik, Vlatka

    2016-01-01

    separation between WB and DP, with a limited number of hybrids in both populations. The introgression level varies considerably among populations, from non-detectable to very high. Perceived presence of hybrids, based on phenotypic characteristics or historic data, is usually higher and widespread than...

  20. Genome-wide DNA methylation analysis in jejunum of Sus scrofa with intrauterine growth restriction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Yue; Hu, Liang; Gong, Desheng; Lu, Hanlin; Xuan, Yue; Wang, Ru; Wu, De; Chen, Daiwen; Zhang, Keying; Gao, Fei; Che, Lianqiang

    2018-02-01

    Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) may elicit a series of postnatal body developmental and metabolic diseases due to their impaired growth and development in the mammalian embryo/fetus during pregnancy. In the present study, we hypothesized that IUGR may lead to abnormally regulated DNA methylation in the intestine, causing intestinal dysfunctions. We applied reduced representation bisulfite sequencing (RRBS) technology to study the jejunum tissues from four newborn IUGR piglets and their normal body weight (NBW) littermates. The results revealed extensively regional DNA methylation changes between IUGR/NBW pairs from different gilts, affecting dozens of genes. Hiseq-based bisulfite sequencing PCR (Hiseq-BSP) was used for validations of 19 genes with epigenetic abnormality, confirming three genes (AIFM1, MTMR1, and TWIST2) in extra samples. Furthermore, integrated analysis of these 19 genes with proteome data indicated that there were three main genes (BCAP31, IRAK1, and AIFM1) interacting with important immunity- or metabolism-related proteins, which could explain the potential intestinal dysfunctions of IUGR piglets. We conclude that IUGR can lead to disparate DNA methylation in the intestine and these changes may affect several important biological processes such as cell apoptosis, cell differentiation, and immunity, which provides more clues linking IUGR and its long-term complications.

  1. Sus scrofa: Population Structure, Reproduction and Condition in Tropical North Eastern Australia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    NELSON, John E.

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Three feral pig populations inhabiting contrasting environments along the north easterncoast of Australia have been investigated with respect to population structure, individual condition andreproduction. The population on Prince of Wales Island contains a large proportion of juvenile andsub-adult pigs but lacks pigs in the higher age classes. Individuals also breed at an earlier age thananimals of the mainland populations. Pig populations on Cape York Peninsula show a largerproportion of older animals and feral pigs living in rainforest habitats show a low proportion ofanimals in very young and very old age classes. Pigs from the lowland rainforest population are inbetter condition than those of the other populations for most of the year, reflecting the availability offood all year round in this environment. Differences in the population structure of the threepopulations are discussed with respect to fecundity and several mortality factors such as predation anddiseases/parasites.

  2. Brain Mass and Encephalization Quotients in the Domestic Industrial Pig (Sus scrofa.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Serena Minervini

    Full Text Available In the present study we examined the brain of fetal, newborn, and adult pigs raised for meat production. The fresh and formalin-fixed weights of the brain have been recorded and used, together with body weight, to calculate the Encephalization Quotient (EQ. The weight of the cerebellum has been used to calculate the Cerebellar Quotient (CQ. The results have been discussed together with analogue data obtained in other terrestrial Cetartiodactyla (including the domestic bovine, sheep, goat, and camel, domesticated Carnivora, Proboscidata, and Primates. Our study, based on a relatively large experimental series, corrects former observations present in the literature based on smaller samples, and emphasizes that the domestic pig has a small brain relative to its body size (EQ = 0.38 for adults, possibly due to factors linked to the necessity of meat production and improved body weight. Comparison with other terrestrial Cetartiodactyla indicates a similar trend for all domesticated species.

  3. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY OF SUS SCROFA TISSUE EXTRACTS PROTEIN-PEPTIDE COMPONENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ekaterina R.. Vasilevskaya

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The article presents a comparative analysis of four methods for quantifying the protein-peptide complexes content in extracts obtained from animal raw materials, as well as the low- and highmolecular weight extract fractions: the direct spectrophotometric determination at wavelengths of 260 and 280 nm with subsequent calculation by the Kalckar formula; the biuret reaction by the Kingsley-Weichselbaum method; the method with Bradford reagent and the standard Lowry method. Experimental data analysis demonstrates that in case of the extract that contains protein-peptidic complexes in different molecular weights range, the Kingsley-Weichselbaum method shows the highest quality of protein concentration determination; while studying highmolecular weight fraction (more than 30 kDa, it is possible to obtain more information by combining the spectrophotometric method and the Kingsley-Weichselbaum method. Low-molecular weight fractions (less than 30 kD should be investigated by complex methods including the spectrophotometric method, Lowry and Bradford methods. These methods make it possible to presumably estimate protein molecules size ranges (by amount of peptide bonds, and also to determine hydrophobic and aromatic amino acids presence.

  4. Cooperation improves the access of wild boars (Sus scrofa) to food sources.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Focardi, S; Morimando, F; Capriotti, S; Ahmed, A; Genov, P

    2015-12-01

    Wild boar is a highly polycotous ungulate species, characterized by a complex and dynamical social organization based on the maintenance of long-term bonds between mother and daughters. The roots of this social organization have to be researched at the individual level, considering adaptations that improve fitness in hostile environments. We used information collected by camera-traps at artificial feeding sites, in two contrasting environments in Bulgaria (mountain habitat) and Italy (sub-Mediterranean habitat). We recorded 417 and 885 distinct groups on 7 and 11 foraging sites in Bulgaria and Italy, respectively. We computed (controlling for time range, study area and supplementary feeding site) an index of effective foraging time of the different social groups. We observed a positive and significant effect of the number of conspecifics of the same social group on the effective foraging time. The impact of the other social classes on effective foraging time is also positive, and males, yearlings, and juveniles benefited more from the presence of other social classes, while females were less affected. The access of the different social groups to foraging sites is not random. Males and yearlings play producers (i.e., search for food) and are prone to attend foraging sites before adult females and subadults, so attaining a larger foraging efficiency with respect to a situation where other groups are already present on the feeding site. Wild boars exhibit a more complex social organisation than previously believed, where cooperation prevails largely on competition. A rough division of labour is also present: yearlings, males, and juveniles use to play producers and assume a significant amount of risk determined by the presence of predators or hunters. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  5. Ethnic -Zootechnic characterization and meat potential of Sus scrofa “creole Pig” in Latin America.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Virginia Linares

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this systematic scientific review was updated bibliographic information concerning the genetic, morphological, zootechnical and meat potential of creole pigs in Central and South America. It was found a population of 73 million Creoles pigs in Latin America, most under extensive, and semi extensive production systems. Since its European origin, adaptation to different ecosystems on the continent and the introduction of new breeds has led into a wide variety of creole pigs. Adaptation and introduction of breeds have led also in a rise of genetic variability of pigs benefiting the rusticity that involves a more efficient immune system. In the same way as omnivore the creole pig had a good adaptation to different diets, getting better advantage of fibrous and fatty food than commercial breeds. On the other hand, creole pigs showed an acceptable reproductive performance, distinguished by sexual precocity and high feasibility of weaning, nevertheless its growth was slow and lactation periods were long. Regarding to the quality of meat cuts , it has not been disadvantaged, if we take into account subjective criteria as well as tenderness and the nutritional value, characteristics that give higher economic value outstripping commercial pig meat.

  6. Ethnic -Zootechnic characterization and meat potential of Sus scrofa “creole Pig” in Latin America.

    OpenAIRE

    Linares, Virginia; Linares, Luis; Mendoza, Gilmar

    2011-01-01

    El objetivo de la presente revisión científica fue sistematizar información bibliográfica actualizada, concerniente a los aspectos genéticos, morfológicos, zootécnicos y potencial carnicero de los cerdos criollos de Latinoamérica encontró una población de 73 millones de cerdos criollos en Latinoamérica, la mayoría de ellos criados bajo sistemas de producción extensivos, semiextensivos y agro pastoriles. Dado su origen europeo, la adaptación a los diferentes ecosistemas del continente y la int...

  7. Creation of Chronic Myocardial Infarction in a Pig (Sus Scrofa) Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-09-01

    Objectives: The goal of this protocol was to create myocardial infarctions in mini pigs using polystyrenemicrospheres to infarct a portion of the...underwent myocardial infarctions without misadventure. Infusion of polystyrene beads into a diagonal branch of the LAD resulted In a repeatable and...controlled myocardial Infarction.Conclusion: The method reported here provided consistent and repeatable myocardial infarcts with minimal morbidity.

  8. Development of known-fate survival monitoring techniques for juvenile wild pigs (Sus scrofa)

    Science.gov (United States)

    David A. Keiter; John C. Kilgo; Mark A. Vukovich; Fred L. Cunningham; James C. Beasley

    2017-01-01

    Context. Wild pigs are an invasive species linked to numerous negative impacts on natural and anthropogenic ecosystems in many regions of the world. Robust estimates of juvenile wild pig survival are needed to improve population dynamics models to facilitate management of this economically and ecologically...

  9. On the rewarding nature of appetitive feeding behaviour in pigs (Sus scrofa): Do domesticated pigs contrafreeload?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jonge, de F.H.; Tilly, S.L.; Baars, A.M.; Spruijt, B.M.

    2008-01-01

    Contrafreeloading is the phenomenon that animals prefer to work for food even though free food is available nearby. In this study, we investigated whether pigs express contrafreeloading in a test situation where the searching. finding and consuming of food items resembles a natural foraging

  10. Identification of Brucella spp. in feral swine (Sus scrofa) at abattoirs in Texas, USA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Various tissues, nasal swabs, urine, and blood samples were collected from 376 feral swine at two federally-inspected abattoirs in Texas during six separate sampling periods in 2015. Samples were tested for Brucella spp. by culture and serology. Brucella spp. were cultured from 13.0% of feral swin...

  11. Evidence for a link between tail biting and central monoamine metabolism in pigs (Sus scrofa domestica).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valros, Anna; Palander, Pälvi; Heinonen, Mari; Munsterhjelm, Camilla; Brunberg, Emma; Keeling, Linda; Piepponen, Petteri

    2015-05-01

    Tail biting in pigs is a major welfare problem within the swine industry. Even though there is plenty of information on housing and management-related risk factors, the biological bases of this behavioral problem are poorly understood. The aim of this study was to investigate a possible link between tail biting, based on behavioral recordings of pigs during an ongoing outbreak, and certain neurotransmitters in different brain regions of these pigs. We used a total of 33 pigs at a farm with a long-standing problem of tail biting. Three equally big behavioral phenotypic groups, balanced for gender and age were selected, the data thus consisting of 11 trios of pigs. Two of the pigs in each trio originated from the same pen: one tail biter (TB) and one tail biting victim (V). A control (C) pig was selected from a pen without significant tail biting in the same farm room. We found an effect of tail biting behavioral phenotype on the metabolism of serotonin and dopamine, with a tendency for a higher 5-HIAA level in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) of TB compared to the other groups, while V pigs showed changes in both serotonin and dopamine metabolism in the striatum (ST) and limbic cortex (LC). Trp:BCAA and Trp:LNAA correlated positively with serotonin and 5-HIAA in the PFC, but only in TB pigs. Furthermore, in both ST and LC, several of the neurotransmitters and their metabolites correlated positively with the frequency of bites received by the pig. This is the first study indicating a link between brain neurotransmission and tail biting behavior in pigs with TB pigs showing a tendency for increased PFC serotonin metabolism and V pigs showing several changes in central dopamine and serotonin metabolism in their ST and LC, possibly due to the acute stress caused by being bitten. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  12. [Intramural chronotopography of depolarization of myocardium of heart ventricles of pig (Sus scrofa domesticus)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gulyaeva, A S; Roshchecskaya, I M; Roshchevsky, M P

    2014-01-01

    Sequence of depolarization of myocardium of pig heart ventricles was studied by the method of multichannel synchronous cardioelectrotopography. There is established formation of areas of early depolarization in subendocardium of interventricular septum and in the base of left ventricle papillary muscles; of multiple foci--in the depth of walls; of areas of late depolarization--in subepicardium of the left ventricle dorsolateral side. As compared with other species of ungulate animals (reindeer and sheep, in pig heart ventricles, differences are revealed in locations of early and late depolarization, a breakdown of the excitation wave into subepicardium.

  13. Domestic Pig (Sus scrofa) as an Animal Model for Experimental Trypanosoma cruzi Infection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yauri, Verónica; Castro-Sesquen, Yagahira E.; Verastegui, Manuela; Angulo, Noelia; Recuenco, Fernando; Cabello, Ines; Malaga, Edith; Bern, Caryn; Gavidia, Cesar M.; Gilman, Robert H.

    2016-01-01

    Pigs were infected with a Bolivian strain of Trypanosoma cruzi (genotype I) and evaluated up to 150 days postinoculation (dpi) to determine the use of pigs as an animal model of Chagas disease. Parasitemia was observed in the infected pigs during the acute phase (15–40 dpi). Anti-T.cruzi immunoglobulin M was detected during 15–75 dpi; high levels of anti-T.cruzi immunoglobulin G were detected in all infected pigs from 75 to 150 dpi. Parasitic DNA was observed by western blot (58%, 28/48) and polymerase chain reaction (27%, 13/48) in urine samples, and in the brain (75%, 3/4), spleen (50%, 2/4), and duodenum (25%, 1/4), but no parasitic DNA was found in the heart, colon, and kidney. Parasites were not observed microscopically in tissues samples, but mild inflammation, vasculitis, and congestion was observed in heart, brain, kidney, and spleen. This pig model was useful for the standardization of the urine test because of the higher volume that can be obtained as compared with other small animal models. However, further experiments are required to observe pathological changes characteristic of Chagas disease in humans. PMID:26928841

  14. Evaluation of semen parameters of boars (Sus scrofa experimentally infected with Toxoplasma gondii/ Avaliação dos parâmetros seminais de cachaços (Sus scrofa experimentalmente infectados com Toxoplasma gondii

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alvimar José da Costa

    2004-05-01

    Full Text Available Aiming to investigate the influence of T. gondii on semen parameters and spermatozoa morphology, eight boars were inoculated with T. gondii. Experimental groups consisted of: GI (n=3 1,5 x 104 oocysts of P strain; GII (n=3 1,0 x 106 tachyzoites of RH strain and GIII (n=2, control noninoculated. Evaluations of semen parameters (volume, motility, strength, concentration, study of spermatozoa morphology, serology (RIFI, parasitemia and hemograms were performed. For this purpose, blood and semen collection were carried out on days -2, -1, 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 14 and weekly until 84 days post-inoculation. Non hematimetrics alterations and clinical signs were observed on animals. Parasitemia was detected in an animal inoculated with oocysts, on the 7th day post inoculation (DPI and in a two pigs of GII (tachyzoites, on the 3rd and 49th DPI. Serology results revealed the presence of antibody anti-T. gondii on the animals inoculated with oocysts or tachyzoites since 7th DPI, with tittles of 256 and 64, reaching a maximal level of 4096 on days 11 and 9 post inoculation, respectively. The GIII (control was negative through out all experimental period. The semen parametersevaluated did not present any alteration due to toxoplasmosis. Significative differences (PCom o objetivo de investigar a influência do Toxoplasma gondii nos parâmetros seminais e na morfologia espermática de suínos, oito reprodutores foram inoculados com T. gondii, sendo constituídos os seguintes grupos experimentais: GI (n=3 1,5 x 104 oocistos da cepa P, via oral; GII (n=3 1,0 x 106 taquizoítos da cepa RH, via subcutânea e GIII (n=2, controle. Foram realizadas avaliações de parâmetros espermáticos (volume, motilidade, vigor, concentração, estudo da morfologia dos espermatozóides, exames sorológicos(RIFI, parasitemia e hemogramas. Para tanto, colheitas de sangue e sêmen foram realizadas nos dia -2, -1, 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 14 e semanalmente até 84 dias pós-inoculação. Nenhuma alteração hematimétrica e nos parâmetros clínicos foi observada nos animais. Parasitemia foi detectada em um animal inoculado com oocistos, no 7o dia pós-infecção (DPI e em outros dois suínos do GII (taquizoítos, nos 3o e 49o DPI.Exames sorológicos revelaram a presença de anticorpos contra T. gondii nos animais inoculados comoocistos ou taquizoítos a partir do 7º dia pós-infecção (DPI, com títulos de 256 e 64, alcançando pico de4096 nos dias 11 e 9 pós-inoculação, respectivamente. O GIII (controle manteve-se negativo durantetodo o período experimental. Os parâmetros espermáticos avaliados não apresentaram nenhuma alteraçãoque pudesse ser atribuída a toxoplasmose. Diferenças significativas (P<0,05 quanto às patologiasespermáticas não foram observadas entre os grupos inoculados e o grupo controle.

  15. Social Complexification and Pig (Sus scrofa) Husbandry in Ancient China: A Combined Geometric Morphometric and Isotopic Approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cucchi, Thomas; Dai, Lingling; Balasse, Marie; Zhao, Chunqing; Gao, Jiangtao; Hu, Yaowu; Yuan, Jing; Vigne, Jean-Denis

    2016-01-01

    Pigs have played a major role in the economic, social and symbolic systems of China since the Early Neolithic more than 8,000 years ago. However, the interaction between the history of pig domestication and transformations in Chinese society since then, have not been fully explored. In this paper, we investigated the co-evolution from the earliest farming communities through to the new political and economic models of state-like societies, up to the Chinese Empire, using 5,000 years of archaeological records from the Xiawanggang (XWG) and Xinzhai (XZ) sites (Henan Province). To trace the changes of pig populations against husbandry practices, we combined the geometric morphometric analysis of dental traits with a study of the stable carbon and nitrogen isotope ratios from bone collagen. The domestication process intensified during the Neolithic Yangshao, prompted by greater selective pressure and/or better herd control against wild introgression. After that, pig farming, in XWG, relied on local livestock and a gradual change of husbandry practices overtime. This was characterized by a gentle increase in millet foddering and animal protein intake, until a complete change over to household management during the Han dynasty. The only rupture in this steady trend of husbandry occurred during the Longshan period, with the appearance of small sized and idiosyncratic pigs with specific feeding practices (relying on millet and household scraps). From three exploratory hypothesis, we explored the possibility of anti-elite pig production in XWG during the Longshan period, as a means to resist incorporation into a new economic model promoting intensified domestic production. This exploratory hypothesis is the most suitable to our dataset; however, numerous areas need to be explored further in order to adequately document the role of pigs in the rise of China's complex societies.

  16. Untangling the hybrid nature of modern pig genomes: a mosaic derived from biogeographically distinct and highly divergent Sus scrofa populations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bosse, M.; Megens, H.J.W.C.; Madsen, O.; Frantz, L.A.F.; Paudel, Y.; Crooijmans, R.P.M.A.; Groenen, M.

    2014-01-01

    The merging of populations after an extended period of isolation and divergence is a common phenomenon, in natural settings as well as due to human interference. Individuals with such hybrid origins contain genomes that essentially form a mosaic of different histories and demographies. Pigs are an

  17. Survey of Toxoplasma gondii antibodies in meat juice of wild boar (Sus scrofa in several districts of the Czech Republic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karol Račka

    2015-05-01

    The obtained results indicate that consumption of raw or undercooked meat from wild boars can carry an important risk of toxoplasma infection. Post mortem detection of antibodies in meat juice samples using ELISA is a useful alternative to blood serum examination. In addition, a diaphragm sample has been well-proven as a matrix sample for the contemporaneous diagnostics of trichinellosis and toxoplasmosis.

  18. Accelerating Coagulation in Traumatic Injuries Using Inorganic Polyphosphate-Coated Silica Nanoparticles in a Swine (Sus scrofa) Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    2018-03-13

    blood loss in a swine in a swine model. Methods : 9 male and 4 female pigs weighing 65±8 kg were anesthetized and instrumented . After abdominal...nanoparticles (PLNP) will decrease blood loss in a swine in a swine model. Methods : Pigs were anesthetized and instrumented and randomized to receive...study/training models in this protocol? No. REDUCTION: Since the last IACUC approval, have any methods been identified to reduce the number of live

  19. Feeding of wild boar (Sus scrofa L.) in the exclusion zone of the Chernobyl accident in the territory of Ukraine

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Petrov, M.F.

    1996-01-01

    Investigations of seasonal feed choice of a wild boar have been carried out during a 3-year period on the basis of the stomach content. Results of the investigations are given. A list of forage plants and forage animals is presented. Seasonal intensity of their consumption is evaluated. Main plant assemblages of the exclusion zone of the Chernobyl accident are analyzed for their significance in the diet of a wild boar. Special attention is paid to the role of underground forage (35% of average annual forage), and to consumption of Oenotera biennis roots comprising 26% of average annual forage. Recent state of the forage base and of the wild boar population is estimated. An attempt to predict its dynamics for the nearest 10-15 years is made

  20. The Effect of Hypothermia on Prolonged Distal Aortic Balloon Occlusion in a Porcine Model (Sus scrofa) of Hemorrhage

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-06-12

    normothermia followed by 4 hours of zone III REBOA, resuscitation with shed blood, and 3 hours of critical care . Physiologic parameters were continuously ...REBOA.Methods: 12 swine were anesthetized, instrumented , then underwent 15 blood volume hemorrhage. Animals were randomized to hypothermia or...ng/mL [14,181-24,779]; p 0.01). Fascial compartment pressures were significantly lower during critical care in the hypothermia group (p = 0.03

  1. Association of Oxelytrum cayennense (Silphidae, Coleoptera with Pig Carcasses (Sus scrofa, Suidae in Terra Firme Areas in Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandre Ururahy-Rodrigues

    2010-07-01

    Resumo. Aspectos da colonização do silfídeo Oxelytrum cayennense (Sturm em carcaças de porcos do tamanho de um homem adulto na Reserva Florestal Adolpho Ducke são apresentados. Esta espécie colonizou as carcaças de porcos do estágio enfisematoso à esqueletização. Adultos foram observados eventualmente predando larvas de moscas a partir do segundo dia de intervalo pós-morte e suas larvas foram observadas a partir do quinto dia se alimentando em áreas esqueletizadas, provavelmente limpando os ossos dos tecidos moles remanescentes. O comportamento predatório dos adultos nas larvas de dípteros mais velhas podem impactar suas populações e complicar estimativas de intervalo pós-morte, uma vez que estas são freqüentemente usadas para esta estimativa. Além disso, adultos e larvas têm potencial uso como indicadores de intervalo pós-morte (IPM porque o adulto pode colonizar carcaças do segundo dia em diante e as larvas do quinto dia em diante.

  2. Prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii and potentially zoonotic helminths in wild boars (Sus scrofa hunted in central Italy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Amerigo Papini

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available Our aim was to evaluate the risk of human toxoplasmosis via meat consumption from wild boars by estimating the seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in animals hunted in central Italy. Using a modified agglutination test, 213 sera from wild boars were examined for anti-Toxoplasma IgG antibodies. Diaphragm samples (n=65 from seropositive and seronegative animals were tested by nested-PCR to detect T. gondii DNA. Toxoplasma DNA from diaphragms was genotyped by PCR-RFLP using 12 genetic markers. Moreover, the aim of the study was also to identify helminth infections of wild boars in the selected area and to evaluate their hazard for humans. Examination of sera revealed a seroprevalence of 12.2%. Only one T. gondii strain could be genotyped from a seropositive animal and PCR-RFLP revealed that it belonged to type II. Analysis of 50 samples of faeces and 32 small intestines revealed that 78% and 15.6% of the samples harboured parasites, respectively, with the occurrence of parasites potentially dangerous for humans. These latter included Ascaris suum, Macracanthorhynchus hirudinaceus, Trichuris suis, and Metastrongylus spp. A significant association was found between coprological positivity and male sex. These results indicate that T. gondii infection may be present in wild boar tissues and consumption of undercooked or raw wild boar meat may expose humans to risk of toxoplasmosis in the study area. Furthermore, the study highlights that wild boars are hosts of helminths of veterinary and medical importance transmissible to pigs and humans.

  3. EPINEPHRINE CONCENTRATION IN WILD BOAR (SUS SCROFA L. SERUM AFTER REPEATED ELISA TESTED FREEZE-THAWING CYCLES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neška Vukšić

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Blood samples for determining of epinephrine concentration and biochemical parameters in the blood serum of wild boars were taken from 42 healthy wild boars, both sexes, during the hunting season. All animals in good condition, body weight 20 to 95 kg, were divided into two groups up to 50 kg (group A and up to 95 kg (Group B. Epinephrine concentration was determined by ELISA twice: one week after taking samples and a month after repeated freezing at -80°C. It was higher in relation to the reference value of domestic pigs and human (109.45 pg/ml in A and 119.54 pg/ml in B group. Repeated freezing and re-analysis after a month were resulted in lower concentrations of epinephrine (12% in young and 11.17% in adult animal, but without statistical significance (P>0.05. Biochemical analysis results’ show increased glucose and triglycerides concentrations compared to the reference values, while other indicators were observed within or slightly increased referring to the normal range. The correlation between glucose and epinephrine was not determined.

  4. A Pilot Study of Peritoneal Perfusion with a Novel Hemoglobin Based Oxygen Carrier in Swine (Sus scrofa)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-10-12

    peritoneum for gas exchange and lung replacement. Ten Yorkshire-cross swine were anesthetized, mechanically ventilated, instrumented, and laparotomized...Inflow and outflow tubing were be placed in the abdomen, and connected to a heart- lung bypass circuit, and the abdomen closed. Animals were then...the endotracheal tube was clamped, ceasing gas exchange in the lung . Arterial blood gases and time to death were then recorded. No differences were

  5. Proteomic analysis of pig (Sus scrofa olfactory soluble proteome reveals O-GlcNAcylation of secreted odorant-binding proteins

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricia eNAGNAN-LE MEILLOUR

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The diversity of olfactory binding proteins (OBPs is a key point to understand their role in molecular olfaction. Since only few different sequences were characterized in each mammalian species, they have been considered as passive carriers of odors and pheromones. We have explored the soluble proteome of pig nasal mucus, taking benefit of the powerful tools of proteomics. Combining two-dimensional electrophoresis, mass spectrometry and western-blot with specific antibodies, our analyses revealed for the first time that the pig nasal mucus is mainly composed of secreted OBP isoforms, some of them being potentially modified by O-GlcNAcylation. An ortholog gene of the glycosyltransferase responsible of the O-GlcNAc linking on extracellular proteins in Drosophila and Mouse (EOGT was amplified from tissues of pigs of different ages and sex. The sequence was used in a phylogenetic analysis, which evidenced conservation of EOGT in insect and mammalian models studied in molecular olfaction. Extracellular O-GlcNAcylation of secreted OBPs could finely modulate their binding specificities to odors and pheromones. This constitutes a new mechanism for extracellular signaling by OBPs, suggesting that they act as the first step of odor discrimination.

  6. Wild boar (Sus scrofa) as a bioindicator of organochlorine compound contamination in terrestrial ecosystems of West Pomerania Province, NW Poland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tomza-Marciniak, Agnieszka; Marciniak, Andrzej; Pilarczyk, Bogumiła; Drozd, Radosław; Ligocki, Marek; Prokulewicz, Agnieszka

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study was to detect the presence and determine the residue levels of DDT, lindane, endrin and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in the liver of wild boars from the area of West Pomerania, NW Poland; to determine the activity of glutathione S-transferase (GST) as a biomarker of biological response and to assess the toxicological risk for consumers of the wild boar offal. The presence of pesticide residues and PCBs was found in all examined liver samples. The highest concentration was observed for endrin, and then, the descending order was PCBs >DDTs >lindane >dl-PCBs. The mean hepatic concentrations of endrin, PCBs, DDTs and lindane were 117.28, 78.59, 67.95 and 7.24 ng/g lipid weight, respectively. Among the dioxin-like PCB congeners, 118 and 156 were dominant in liver samples. The mean toxic equivalent (TEQ) level calculated for dl-PCBs was 2.10 ± 1.11 pg WHO-PCB-TEQ/g. There was a statistically significant (p < 0.05) negative correlation between the concentration of lindane, DDTs and PCBs (as a sum of indicator congeners) in the liver and in the activity of GST. However, GST activities showed no significant correlation with any of the dl-PCBs. In five boar liver samples, the levels of certain organochlorine compounds exceeded the maximum residue levels (MRLs). In one sample, the MRLs were exceeded simultaneously for PCBs, endrin and DDTs and in another one-for endrin and DDTs. In the remaining three samples, only PCB levels were exceeded.

  7. Comparison of Microchip Transponder and Noncontact Infrared Thermometry with Rectal Thermometry in Domestic Swine (Sus scrofa domestica).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jara, Amanda L; Hanson, Jarod M; Gabbard, Jon D; Johnson, Scott K; Register, Emery T; He, Biao; Tompkins, S Mark

    2016-01-01

    During disease outbreaks, core temperature is a useful health metric in swine, due to the presence of pyrexia especially during the acute phase of infection. Despite technologic advances in other facets of swine production and health management, rectal thermometry continues to be the 'gold standard' for measuring core body temperature. However, for various reasons, collecting rectal temperatures can be difficult and unsafe depending on the housing modality. In addition, the delay between insertion of the rectal thermometer and obtaining a reading can affect measurement accuracy, especially when the pig requires physical restraint. Clearly safer, faster, and more accurate and precise temperature acquisition methods that necessitate minimal or no handling of swine are needed. We therefore compared rectal thermometers, subcutaneous microchips, and an inexpensive handheld infrared thermometer by measuring the core body temperature of 24 male castrated piglets at random intervals over a 5-wk period. The core body temperature (mean ± 1 SD) was 39.3±0.5 °C by rectal thermometry, 39.0±0.7 °C by microchip transponder, and 34.3±1.0 °C by infrared thermometry; these 3 values differed significantly. Although the readings obtain by using infrared thermometry were numerically lower than those from the other methods, it is arguably the safest method for assessing the core temperature of swine and showed strong relative correlation with rectal temperature.

  8. A Comparative Study of Melanin Content and Skin Morphology for Three Commonly Used Laboratory Swine (Sus scrofa domestica)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-01

    ultraviolet rays.” Photochemistry and Photobiology. 5, 1966. 533–542. Gentilhomme, E. and Y. Neveux. “Epidermal Physiology.” In P...papillary dermis, homing and maturation of cells responsible for the immune barrier, protection against ultraviolet 4 Distribution A: Approved for public...Optical Radiation ROI – Region of interest, as in an area selected in an image by a computer program for analysis Steiner Stain – A stain used in histology UV – Ultraviolet , a region in the electromagnetic spectrum

  9. The first report on Cryptosporidium suis and Cryptosporidium pig genotype II in Eurasian wild boars (Sus scrofa) (Czech Republic)

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Němejc, K.; Sak, Bohumil; Květoňová, Dana; Hanzal, V.; Jeníková, Martina; Kváč, Martin

    2012-01-01

    Roč. 184, 2/4 (2012), 122-125 ISSN 0304-4017 Grant - others:Mšk(CZ) 6007665806 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z60220518; CEZ:AV0Z50450515 Keywords : Cryptosporidium suis * Cryptosporidium pig genotype II * Eurasian wild boar * SSU * PCR Subject RIV: GJ - Animal Vermins ; Diseases, Veterinary Medicine Impact factor: 2.381, year: 2012

  10. Echinococcus granulosus genotypes circulating in alpacas (Lama pacos and pigs (Sus scrofa from an endemic region in Peru

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elizabeth Sánchez

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The identification of the genotypes of Echinococcus granulosus present in livestock and wild animals within regions endemic for cystic echinococcosis (CE is epidemiologically important. Individual strains display different biological characteristics that contribute to outbreaks of CE and that must be taken into account in the design of intervention programs. In this study, samples of hydatid cysts due to E. granulosus were collected from alpacas (4 in Puno and pigs (8 in Ayacucho in Peru, an endemic region for CE. Polymerase chain reaction amplification and DNA sequencing of specific regions of the mitochondrial cytochrome C oxidase subunit 1 and NADH dehydrogenase subunit 1 genes confirmed the presence of a strain common to sheep, the G1 genotype, in alpacas. Two different strains of E. granulosus were identified in pigs: the G1 and the G7 genotypes. This is the first report of the G1 genotype of E. granulosus in alpacas in endemic regions of CE in Peru.

  11. Novel Techniques for Retroperitoneal Implantation of Telemetry Transmitters for Physiologic Monitoring in Gottingen Minipigs (Sus scrofa domesticus)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-12-01

    Indianapolis, IN) twice daily immediately after runs were cleaned. Enrichment consisted of a mixture of fruits and vegetables 3 times weekly...any clinical signs and were otherwise SPF for an exhaustive list of viral, bacterial, fungal, and parasitic pathogens . Minipigs were fasted for at...EEG lead wires was kinked, resulting in loss of the outer covering with exposed wire. In this animal, the com- promised EEG lead appeared to be

  12. Classification of Culturable Bifidobacterial Population from Colonic Samples of Wild Pigs (Sus scrofa) Based on Three Molecular Genetic Methods

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Pechar, R.; Killer, Jiří; Mekadim, Ch.; Geigerová, M.; Rada, V.

    2017-01-01

    Roč. 74, č. 11 (2017), s. 1324-1331 ISSN 0343-8651 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA13-08803S Institutional support: RVO:67985904 Keywords : digestive tract * gut microbiota Subject RIV: EE - Microbiology , Virology OBOR OECD: Microbiology Impact factor: 1.322, year: 2016

  13. Host predilection and transmissibility of vesicular stomatitis New Jersey virus strains in domestic cattle (Bos taurus and swine (Sus scrofa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Smith Paul F

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Epidemiologic data collected during epidemics in the western United States combined with limited experimental studies involving swine and cattle suggest that host predilection of epidemic vesicular stomatitis New Jersey virus (VSNJV strains results in variations in clinical response, extent and duration of virus shedding and transmissibility following infection in different hosts. Laboratory challenge of livestock with heterologous VSNJV strains to investigate potential viral predilections for these hosts has not been thoroughly investigated. In separate trials, homologous VSNJV strains (NJ82COB and NJ82AZB, and heterologous strains (NJ06WYE and NJOSF [Ossabaw Island, sand fly] were inoculated into cattle via infected black fly bite. NJ82AZB and NJ06WYE were similarly inoculated into swine. Results Clinical scores among viruses infecting cattle were significantly different and indicated that infection with a homologous virus resulted in more severe clinical presentation and greater extent and duration of viral shedding. No differences in clinical severity or extent and duration of viral shedding were detected in swine. Conclusions Differences in clinical presentation and extent and duration of viral shedding may have direct impacts on viral spread during epidemics. Viral transmission via animal-to-animal contact and insect vectored transmission are likely to occur at higher rates when affected animals are presenting severe clinical signs and shedding high concentrations of virus. More virulent viral strains resulting in more severe disease in livestock hosts are expected to spread more rapidly and greater distances during epidemics than those causing mild or inapparent signs.

  14. Host predilection and transmissibility of vesicular stomatitis New Jersey virus strains in domestic cattle (Bos taurus) and swine (Sus scrofa).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Paul F; Howerth, Elizabeth W; Carter, Deborah; Gray, Elmer W; Noblet, Raymond; Berghaus, Roy D; Stallknecht, David E; Mead, Daniel G

    2012-10-03

    Epidemiologic data collected during epidemics in the western United States combined with limited experimental studies involving swine and cattle suggest that host predilection of epidemic vesicular stomatitis New Jersey virus (VSNJV) strains results in variations in clinical response, extent and duration of virus shedding and transmissibility following infection in different hosts. Laboratory challenge of livestock with heterologous VSNJV strains to investigate potential viral predilections for these hosts has not been thoroughly investigated. In separate trials, homologous VSNJV strains (NJ82COB and NJ82AZB), and heterologous strains (NJ06WYE and NJOSF [Ossabaw Island, sand fly]) were inoculated into cattle via infected black fly bite. NJ82AZB and NJ06WYE were similarly inoculated into swine. Clinical scores among viruses infecting cattle were significantly different and indicated that infection with a homologous virus resulted in more severe clinical presentation and greater extent and duration of viral shedding. No differences in clinical severity or extent and duration of viral shedding were detected in swine. Differences in clinical presentation and extent and duration of viral shedding may have direct impacts on viral spread during epidemics. Viral transmission via animal-to-animal contact and insect vectored transmission are likely to occur at higher rates when affected animals are presenting severe clinical signs and shedding high concentrations of virus. More virulent viral strains resulting in more severe disease in livestock hosts are expected to spread more rapidly and greater distances during epidemics than those causing mild or inapparent signs.

  15. A Pilot Study of Open Venous Revascularization using Expandable PTFE Stent Grafts in a Porcine (Sus scrofa) Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-05-23

    expandable stent-grafts that are designed to expand within a vessel to cover an injury or open a blockage. Methods: 3 Yorkshire cross swine were...expandable PTFE stent graft was deployed into the vessel in an open direct fashion . The swine were awoken and allowed to ambulate. At 72 hours, conduit

  16. Social Complexification and Pig (Sus scrofa Husbandry in Ancient China: A Combined Geometric Morphometric and Isotopic Approach.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas Cucchi

    Full Text Available Pigs have played a major role in the economic, social and symbolic systems of China since the Early Neolithic more than 8,000 years ago. However, the interaction between the history of pig domestication and transformations in Chinese society since then, have not been fully explored. In this paper, we investigated the co-evolution from the earliest farming communities through to the new political and economic models of state-like societies, up to the Chinese Empire, using 5,000 years of archaeological records from the Xiawanggang (XWG and Xinzhai (XZ sites (Henan Province. To trace the changes of pig populations against husbandry practices, we combined the geometric morphometric analysis of dental traits with a study of the stable carbon and nitrogen isotope ratios from bone collagen. The domestication process intensified during the Neolithic Yangshao, prompted by greater selective pressure and/or better herd control against wild introgression. After that, pig farming, in XWG, relied on local livestock and a gradual change of husbandry practices overtime. This was characterized by a gentle increase in millet foddering and animal protein intake, until a complete change over to household management during the Han dynasty. The only rupture in this steady trend of husbandry occurred during the Longshan period, with the appearance of small sized and idiosyncratic pigs with specific feeding practices (relying on millet and household scraps. From three exploratory hypothesis, we explored the possibility of anti-elite pig production in XWG during the Longshan period, as a means to resist incorporation into a new economic model promoting intensified domestic production. This exploratory hypothesis is the most suitable to our dataset; however, numerous areas need to be explored further in order to adequately document the role of pigs in the rise of China's complex societies.

  17. Social Complexification and Pig (Sus scrofa) Husbandry in Ancient China: A Combined Geometric Morphometric and Isotopic Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balasse, Marie; Zhao, Chunqing; Gao, Jiangtao; Hu, Yaowu; Yuan, Jing; Vigne, Jean-Denis

    2016-01-01

    Pigs have played a major role in the economic, social and symbolic systems of China since the Early Neolithic more than 8,000 years ago. However, the interaction between the history of pig domestication and transformations in Chinese society since then, have not been fully explored. In this paper, we investigated the co-evolution from the earliest farming communities through to the new political and economic models of state-like societies, up to the Chinese Empire, using 5,000 years of archaeological records from the Xiawanggang (XWG) and Xinzhai (XZ) sites (Henan Province). To trace the changes of pig populations against husbandry practices, we combined the geometric morphometric analysis of dental traits with a study of the stable carbon and nitrogen isotope ratios from bone collagen. The domestication process intensified during the Neolithic Yangshao, prompted by greater selective pressure and/or better herd control against wild introgression. After that, pig farming, in XWG, relied on local livestock and a gradual change of husbandry practices overtime. This was characterized by a gentle increase in millet foddering and animal protein intake, until a complete change over to household management during the Han dynasty. The only rupture in this steady trend of husbandry occurred during the Longshan period, with the appearance of small sized and idiosyncratic pigs with specific feeding practices (relying on millet and household scraps). From three exploratory hypothesis, we explored the possibility of anti-elite pig production in XWG during the Longshan period, as a means to resist incorporation into a new economic model promoting intensified domestic production. This exploratory hypothesis is the most suitable to our dataset; however, numerous areas need to be explored further in order to adequately document the role of pigs in the rise of China’s complex societies. PMID:27384523

  18. Bifidobacterium apri sp nov., a thermophilic actinobacterium isolated from the digestive tract of wild pigs (Sus scrofa)

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Pechar, R.; Killer, Jiří; Salmonová, H.; Geigerová, M.; Švejstil, R.; Švec, P.; Sedláček, I.; Rada, V.; Benada, Oldřich

    2017-01-01

    Roč. 67, č. 7 (2017), s. 2349-2356 ISSN 1466-5026 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA13-08803S; GA MŠk(CZ) LO1509 Institutional support: RVO:67985904 ; RVO:61388971 Keywords : Bifidobacterium * wild pigs * thermophilic bifidobacteria Subject RIV: EE - Microbiology, Virology OBOR OECD: Microbiology Impact factor: 2.134, year: 2016

  19. A statistical GIS-based analysis of Wild boar (Sus scrofa traffic collisions in a Mediterranean area

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Amici

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available vThis study was aimed at analysing the most relevant environmental variables involved in vehicle–wild boar road collisions in a Mediterranean area, starting from a territorial information system implemented in a GIS environment. Landscape structure indices and local qualitative and quantitative variables were correlated to identify the most frequent predisposing factors of collisions. Statistical tests of the considered parameters indicated a higher frequency of collisions in the evening hours of late summer and autumn (P<0.05 compared with daytime and night-time, localized nearness to attraction points (feeding or resting sites; P<0.001 and closeness to no-hunting areas (P<0.001. In addition, local road parameters (shape of road, visibility at road sides, etc. considerably increased the risk of collisions.

  20. Treatment of Chronic Myocardial Infarction in a Pig (Sus scrofa) Model with Extracellular Matrix and Stem Cells

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-08-13

    Use additional pages If necessary.) PROTOCOL #: FDG20140039A DATE: 13 August 2015 PROTOCOL TITLE: Treatment of Chronic Myocardial Infarction in a...model developed in protocols FDG20120019A and FDG20130043A, we were able to successfully create myocardial infarctions in pigs with a high survival rate...applications.) ObJectives: The goal of this protocol was to create myocardial infarctions in miniplgs using polystyrene microspheres to Infarct a

  1. Swine (Sus scrofa) as a Model of Postinfarction Mitral Regurgitation and Techniques to Accommodate Its Effects during Surgical Repair.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarin, Eric L; Shi, Weiwei; Duara, Rajnish; Melone, Todd A; Kalra, Kanika; Strong, Ashley; Girish, Apoorva; McIver, Bryant V; Thourani, Vinod H; Guyton, Robert A; Padala, Muralidhar

    2016-01-01

    Mitral regurgitation (MR) is a common heart-valve lesion after myocardial infarction in humans. Because it is considered a risk factor for accelerated heart failure and death, various surgical approaches and catheter-based devices to correct it are in development. Lack of a reproducible animal model of MR after myocardial infarction and reliable techniques to perform open-heart surgery in these diseased models led to the use of healthy animals to test new devices. Thus, most devices that are deemed safe in healthy animals have shown poor results in human efficacy studies, hampering progress in this area of research. Here we report our experience with a swine model of postinfarction MR, describe techniques to induce regurgitation and perform open-heart surgery in these diseased animals, and discuss our outcomes, complications, and solutions.

  2. Intravenous cobinamide versus hydroxocobalamin for acute treatment of severe cyanide poisoning in a swine (Sus scrofa) model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bebarta, Vikhyat S; Tanen, David A; Boudreau, Susan; Castaneda, Maria; Zarzabal, Lee A; Vargas, Toni; Boss, Gerry R

    2014-12-01

    Hydroxocobalamin is a Food and Drug Administration-approved antidote for cyanide poisoning. Cobinamide is a potential antidote that contains 2 cyanide-binding sites. To our knowledge, no study has directly compared hydroxocobalamin with cobinamide in a severe, cyanide-toxic large-animal model. Our objective is to compare the time to return of spontaneous breathing in swine with acute cyanide-induced apnea treated with intravenous hydroxocobalamin, intravenous cobinamide, or saline solution (control). Thirty-three swine (45 to 55 kg) were intubated, anesthetized, and instrumented (continuous mean arterial pressure and cardiac output monitoring). Anesthesia was adjusted to allow spontaneous breathing with FiO2 of 21% during the experiment. Cyanide was continuously infused intravenously until apnea occurred and lasted for 1 minute (time zero). Animals were then randomly assigned to receive intravenous hydroxocobalamin (65 mg/kg), cobinamide (12.5 mg/kg), or saline solution and monitored for 60 minutes. A sample size of 11 animals per group was selected according to obtaining a power of 80%, an α of .05, and an SD of 0.17 in mean time to detect a 20% difference in time to spontaneous breathing. We assessed differences in time to death among groups, using Kaplan-Meier estimation methods, and compared serum lactate, blood pH, cardiac output, mean arterial pressure, respiratory rate, and minute ventilation time curves with repeated-measures ANOVA. Baseline weights and vital signs were similar among groups. The time to apnea and cyanide dose required to achieve apnea were similar. At time zero, mean cyanide blood and lactate concentrations and reduction in mean arterial pressure from baseline were similar. In the saline solution group, 2 of 11 animals survived compared with 10 of 11 in the hydroxocobalamin and cobinamide groups (Pcyanide concentrations became undetectable at the end of the study in both antidote-treated groups, and no statistically significant differences were detected between the 2 groups for mean arterial pressure, cardiac output, respiratory rate, lactate, or pH. Both hydroxocobalamin and cobinamide rescued severely cyanide-poisoned swine from apnea in the absence of assisted ventilation. The dose of cobinamide was one fifth that of hydroxocobalamin. Copyright © 2014 American College of Emergency Physicians. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. Hydroxocobalamin Versus Sodium Thiosulfate for the Treatment of Acute Cyanide Toxicity in a Swine (Sus scrofa) Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-01

    and 12 with both. What this study adds to our knowledge Hydroxocobalamin alone reversed shock caused by cyanide poisoning . Sodium thiosulfate alone...loss of life that might be associated with the relatively uncontrolled absorption through an inhalational model of cyanide poisoning . We addressed this...al. Prehospital administration of hydroxocobalamin for smoke inhalation–associated cyanide poisoning : 8 years of experience in the Paris Fire Brigade

  4. Prevalence and diversity of Encephalitozoon spp. and Enterocytozoon bieneusi in wild boars (Sus scrofa) in Central Europe

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Němejc, K.; Sak, Bohumil; Květoňová, Dana; Hanzal, V.; Janiszewski, P.; Forejtek, P.; Rajský, D.; Kotková, Michaela; Ravaszová, P.; McEvoy, J.; Kváč, Martin

    2014-01-01

    Roč. 113, č. 2 (2014), s. 761-767 ISSN 0932-0113 Institutional support: RVO:60077344 Keywords : molecular epidemiology * pig farms * humans Subject RIV: EE - Microbiology, Virology Impact factor: 2.098, year: 2014

  5. The challenge of detecting classical swine fever virus circulation in wild boar (Sus scrofa): Simulation of sampling options

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schulz, Jana; Schulz, Katja; Blome, Sandra

    2016-01-01

    with a justifiable effort. The simulation of increased sample sizes per sampling interval showed only a slightly better performance but would be unrealistic in practice, especially outside the main hunting season. Further studies on other approaches such as targeted or risk-based sampling for virus detection...... investigations play a major role in the early detection of new introductions and in regions immunized with a conventional vaccine. The required financial resources and personnel for reliable testing are often large, and sufficient sample sizes to detect low virus prevalences are difficult to obtain. We conducted...

  6. First molecular identification and phylogeny of a Babesia sp. from a symptomatic sow (Sus scrofa Linnaeus 1758).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zobba, Rosanna; Parpaglia, Maria Luisa Pinna; Spezzigu, Antonio; Pittau, Marco; Alberti, Alberto

    2011-06-01

    Porcine babesiosis is a widespread yet overlooked disease causing economic losses in many regions of the world. To date, the etiological agent of porcine babesiosis has not been molecularly characterized. Here, we provide the first molecular characterization of a piroplasm detected in a symptomatic sow, phylogenetically closely related to the Ungulibabesids. Results pave the way for future molecular epidemiology studies.

  7. The first pathogenic Yersinia enterocolitica bioserotype 4/O:3 strain isolated from a hunted wild boar (Sus scrofa) in Poland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bancerz-Kisiel, A; Platt-Samoraj, A; Szczerba-Turek, A; Syczyło, K; Szweda, W

    2015-10-01

    The objective of this study was to identify the bioserotypes and virulence markers of Yersinia enterocolitica strains isolated from wild boars in Poland. Bacteriological examination of 302 rectal swabs from 151 wild boars resulted in the isolation of 40 Y. enterocolitica strains. The majority of the examined strains (n = 30), belonged to bioserotype 1A/NI. The presence of individual Y. enterocolitica strains belonging to bioserotypes 1B/NI (3), 1A/O:8 (2), 1A/O:27 (2), 2/NI (1), 2/O:9 (1) and 4/O:3 (1) was also demonstrated. Amplicons corresponding to ail and ystA genes were observed only in one Y. enterocolitica strain--bioserotype 4/O:3. The ail and ystB gene amplicons were noted in 11 Y. enterocolitica biotype 1A strains, although single amplicons of ystB gene were found in 28 of the tested samples. In four out of eight cases when two Y. enterocolitica strains were isolated from the same animal, the strains differed in biotype, serotype or virulence markers. The European population of wild boars continues to grow and spread to new areas, therefore, wild boars harbouring potentially pathogenic Y. enterocolitica 4/O:3 strains pose a challenge to public health.

  8. El folklore y sus paradojas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    HONORIO M. VELASCO MAILLO

    1990-01-01

    Full Text Available Uno de los rasgos más sobresalientes de la historia del folklore en España y otras naciones europeas son sus paradojas. Propuesto primero como ciencia ha llegado a ser claramente rechazado por posteriores ambientes científicos. Tendría interés hacer una historia social del folklore. Este artículo sugiere que tales paradojas y contradicciones están relacionadas con el paradigma científico que asumieron sus promotores, el evolucionismo cultural y con un concepto idealizado de "pueblo", que ayudaron a construir presentando colecciones de materiales. También analiza las diferentes funciones sociales que ha cumplido el discurso folklórico.

  9. A preliminary study of the effects of individual response to challenge tests and stress induced by humans on learning performance of weaned piglets (Sus scrofa).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brajon, Sophie; Laforest, Jean-Paul; Schmitt, Océane; Devillers, Nicolas

    2016-08-01

    This study investigated whether individual behavioural characteristics of piglets and stress induced by experience with humans can influence learning performance. After weaning, piglets received a chronic experience with humans to modulate their emotional state: rough (ROU), gentle (GEN), or minimal (MIN) experience. Simultaneously, they were trained on a discrimination task. Afterward, their behaviour during challenge tests was assessed. The first learning step of the task involved associating a positive sound cue with a response (approach a trough) and success of piglets depended mostly on motivation to seek for reward. Although the experience with humans did not have direct effect, the degree of fear of handler, measured based on their reactivity to a human approach test, was related to motivation to seek rewards and learning speed of this first step in stressed ROU piglets, but not in MIN and GEN piglets. In contrast, the second learning step was more cognitively challenging, since it involved discrimination learning, including negative cues during which piglets had to learn to avoid the trough. Locomotion activity, measured during an open-field test, was associated with performance of the discrimination learning. To conclude, fearfulness towards humans and locomotion activity are linked with learning performance in relation to task complexity, highlighting the necessity to take into account these factors in animal research and management. Crown Copyright © 2016. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  10. The Effect of Infrarenal Aortic Balloon Occlusion on Weaning from Supraceliac Aortic Balloon Occlusion in a Porcine Model (Sus scrofa) of Hemorrhagic Shock

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-06-15

    all animals , and continued for six hours. Half of the animals were randomly assigned to Zone-3 REBOA for an additional 45 minutes following Zone-1...concentration or resuscitation requirements.Conclusion: In an animal model of hemorrhagic shock and Zone-1 REBOA, subsequent Zone-3 aortic occlusion did not add

  11. Effects of a Taser: Conducted Energy Weapon on the Circulating Red-Blood-Cell Population and Other Factors in Sus scrofa

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-30

    our study favoring either young or old RBCs being released from the spleen is unknown. Since alkalosis (rather than acidosis) tends to result in...204. 70. Waśkiewicz Z, Kłapcińska B, Sadowska-Krępa E, Czuba M, Kempa K, Kimsa E, Gerasimuk D. Acute metabolic responses to a 24-h ultra-marathon...cardiovascular, respiratory, and metabolic effects of a long duration electronic control device exposure in human volunteers. Forensic Sci Med Pathol. 2010;6

  12. Technique Refinement and Validation of Variable Aortic Occlusion via Extracorporeal Flow Circuit in a Pig Model (Sus scrofa) of Uncontrolled Hemorrhage with Subsequent Resuscitation and Critical Care

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-07-24

    animals and minimized the ischemic insult to distal vascular beds, thus preserving organ viability as evidenced by early return of urine output and...changes (PI/CI/AI/TC/lnstructor) since the last IACUC approval of protocol, or annual review ? x_ Yes No Ifyes, complete the following sections (Additions

  13. The prey pathway: a regional history of cattle (Bos taurus and pig (Sus scrofa domestication in the northern Jordan Valley, Israel.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nimrod Marom

    Full Text Available The faunal assemblage from the 9(th-8(th millennium BP site at Sha'ar Hagolan, Israel, is used to study human interaction with wild suids and cattle in a time period just before the appearance of domesticated animals of these species in the Jordan Valley. Our results, based on demographic and osteometric data, indicate that full domestication of both cattle and suids occurred at the site during the 8(th millennium. Importantly, domestication was preceded in both taxa by demographic and metric population parameters indicating severe overhunting. The possible role of overhunting in shaping the characteristics of domesticated animals and the social infrastructure to ownership of herds is then explored.

  14. Influence of human activities on the activity patterns of Japanese sika deer (Cervus nippon) and wild boar (Sus scrofa) in Central Japan

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Doormaal, van N.; Ohashi, H.; Koike, S.; Kaji, K.

    2015-01-01

    Human ageing and population decline in Japan are causing agricultural field abandonment and providing new habitats for Japanese sika deer and wild boar. These species have expanded their distribution and increased in abundance across Japan and are causing increased agricultural damage. Effective

  15. Does feed restriction and re-alimentation differently affect lipid content and metabolism according to muscle type in pigs (Sus scrofa)?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gondret, Florence; Lebret, Bénédicte

    2007-06-01

    This study aimed to investigate whether feed restriction and re-alimentation differently affect lipid content and activities of lipogenic or catabolic enzymes according to muscle types in pigs. At around 28 kg body mass (BW), sixty pigs (n=30 per group) were allocated to either ad libitum (AL) or restricted/re-feeding (RA) regimens. After feed restriction (80 kg BW), lipid content was reduced (P<0.01) in the oxidative rhomboideus (RH) as in the glycolytic biceps femoris (BF) muscles of RA pigs compared with AL pigs. Lower activities (P<0.05) of the lipogenic enzymes fatty acid synthase (FAS) and malic enzyme (ME) were observed in the RH but not in the BF of RA vs. AL pigs. After re-feeding (110 kg BW), lipid content was restored in the RH, but was still 12% lower (P<0.05) in the BF of RA compared with AL pigs. In the RH, the trend for an enhanced FAS activity and for a smaller weight-related decrease of ME activity in RA pigs than AL pigs during re-feeding, may have contributed to the muscle fat recovery observed in the RA pigs. In the BF, higher oxidative enzyme activities (P<0.10) in RA pigs compared to AL pigs might explain the incomplete lipid recovery observed after re-feeding in the former animals. In conclusion, metabolic activities in response to restriction and re-feeding differed according to muscle metabolic type.

  16. Data from: Untangling the hybrid nature of modern pig genomes: a mosaic derived from biogeographically distinct and highly divergent Sus scrofa populations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bosse, M.; Megens, H.J.W.C.; Madsen, O.; Frantz, L.A.F.; Paudel, Y.; Crooijmans, R.P.M.A.; Groenen, M.

    2014-01-01

    The merging of populations after an extended period of isolation and divergence is a common phenomenon, in natural settings as well as due to human interference. Individuals with such hybrid origins contain genomes that essentially form a mosaic of different histories and demographies. Pigs are an

  17. Histological data concerning the pig (sus scrofa) for use in radiobiology. I. Normal histology of certain systems. 2. Injuries caused by total γ irradiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Guenet, J.L.; Vaiman, M.; Nizza, P.

    1966-06-01

    The domestic pig lately become a laboratory whose anatomical and physiological characteristics appear to be appreciated for certain radiological studies. In this report the authors describe research which they have carried out (in particular in the field of histology) on domestic pigs of different species with a view to compiling a record which might be of help to future workers in this field. The second part of their work deals with anatomical and histological injuries caused by total exposure to gamma radiation from cobalt 60 at doses of around 285 rads. (authors) [fr

  18. Prevalence and genetic diversity of Rhodococcus equi in wild boars (Sus scrofa), roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) and red deer (Cervus elaphus) in Poland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Witkowski, Lucjan; Rzewuska, Magdalena; Cisek, Agata Anna; Chrobak-Chmiel, Dorota; Kizerwetter-Świda, Magdalena; Czopowicz, Michał; Welz, Mirosław; Kita, Jerzy

    2015-05-22

    Rhodococcus equi is now considered an emerging zoonotic pathogen. Sources and routes of human infection remain unclear but foodborne transmission seems to be the most probable way. Strains of pig or bovine type are most often isolated from human cases and moreover R. equi is present in submaxillary lymph nodes of apparently healthy pigs and wild boars intended for human consumption. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of R. equi in submaxillary lymph nodes in wild boars, roe deer and red deer. Samples were collected from 936 animals and 27 R. equi strains were isolated, from 5.1 % of wild boars (23/452), 0.7 % of red deer (2/272) and 0.9 % of roe deer (2/212). Genetic diversity of all 27 isolates was studied using VspI-PFGE method, resulting in the detection of 25 PFGE patterns and four PFGE clusters. PFGE patterns of the isolates were compared with virulence plasmid types and no concordance was observed. R. equi was present in wild animal tissues and consumption of the game may be a potential source of R. equi infection for humans. To the authors' best knowledge, this is the first epidemiological report of R. equi prevalence in tissues of roe deer and red deer. However, risk associated with wild ruminant consumption seems marginal. Investigation of R. equi transmission between animals and humans based exclusively on types of virulence plasmids seems to be insufficient to identify sources of R. equi infection for people.

  19. Humans (Homo sapiens) judge the emotional content of piglet (Sus scrofa domestica) calls based on simple acoustic parameters, not personality, empathy, nor attitude toward animals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maruščáková, Iva L; Linhart, Pavel; Ratcliffe, Victoria F; Tallet, Céline; Reby, David; Špinka, Marek

    2015-05-01

    The vocal expression of emotion is likely driven by shared physiological principles among species. However, which acoustic features promote decoding of emotional state and how the decoding is affected by their listener's psychology remain poorly understood. Here we tested how acoustic features of piglet vocalizations interact with psychological profiles of human listeners to affect judgments of emotional content of heterospecific vocalizations. We played back 48 piglet call sequences recorded in four different contexts (castration, isolation, reunion, nursing) to 60 listeners. Listeners judged the emotional intensity and valence of the recordings and were further asked to attribute a context of emission from four proposed contexts. Furthermore, listeners completed a series of questionnaires assessing their personality (NEO-FFI personality inventory), empathy [Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI)] and attitudes to animals (Animal Attitudes Scale). None of the listeners' psychological traits affected the judgments. On the contrary, acoustic properties of recordings had a substantial effect on ratings. Recordings were rated as more intense with increasing pitch (mean fundamental frequency) and increasing proportion of vocalized sound within each stimulus recording and more negative with increasing pitch and increasing duration of the calls within the recording. More complex acoustic properties (jitter, harmonic-to-noise ratio, and presence of subharmonics) did not seem to affect the judgments. The probability of correct context recognition correlated positively with the assessed emotion intensity for castration and reunion calls, and negatively for nursing calls. In conclusion, listeners judged emotions from pig calls using simple acoustic properties and the perceived emotional intensity might guide the identification of the context. (c) 2015 APA, all rights reserved).

  20. Expression profiles of miRNA-122 and its target CAT1 in minipigs (Sus scrofa) fed a high-cholesterol diet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cirera Salicio, Susanna; Birck, Malene Muusfeldt; Busk, Peter Kamp

    2010-01-01

    The Göttingen minipig is an excellent model for studying effects of dietary high-fat intake on obesity. In this study, we analyzed the expression level of microRNA-122 (miRNA-122) and its target mRNA, CAT1, in intact young male minipigs fed either high-cholesterol or standard diet for 11 wk. Mi...... with a decrease in the expression of miRNA-122, confirming the implication of this microRNA in obesity. Gene expression levels of CAT1 did not differ between groups.......RNA-122 and CAT1 are known to be important regulators of lipid metabolism. The weight of the young minipigs was monitored once a week during the feeding period; measurements of total cholesterol, triglycerides, high-density lipoproteins, and low-density lipoproteins were recorded at 4 time points (8, 14...

  1. Annotation Of Novel And Conserved MicroRNA Genes In The Build 10 Sus scrofa Reference Genome And Determination Of Their Expression Levels In Ten Different Tissues

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, Bo; Nielsen, Mathilde; Hedegaard, Jakob

    The DNA template used in the pig genome sequencing project was provided by a Duroc pig named TJ Tabasco. In an effort to annotate microRNA (miRNA) genes in the reference genome we have conducted deep sequencing to determine the miRNA transcriptomes in ten different tissues isolated from Pinky...... against miRBase, we identified more than 600 conserved known miRNA/miRNA*, which is a significant increase relative to the 211 porcine miRNA/miRNA* deposited in the current version of miRBase. Furthermore, the genome-wide transcript profiles provided important information on the relative abundance...... and tissue-specificity of miRNA expression. In addition, we are currently analyzing our data using miRDeep for de novo discovery and annotation of the pig genome with both conserved and novel miRNAs. So far this analysis revealed the identity and genomic position of 535 miRNA genes of which 97 were novel...

  2. Estimativa do número de cardiomiócitos do ventrículo esquerdo em suínos (Sus scrofa)

    OpenAIRE

    Carlos Alberto Palmeira Sarmento

    2009-01-01

    Os estudos relacionados ao coração têm sido realizados ao longo dos anos de forma bastante comum, tendo em vista a grande importância que este órgão tem na medicina. Problemas relacionados ao mesmo são uma das principais causas de mortes e internações no Brasil e no mundo, por causa disso, avanços no que diz respeito a inovações tecnológicas e novas metodologias de estudo tem sido propostas cada vez com mais freqüência, e, o suíno tem se mostrado um modelo bastante útil, pois apresenta divers...

  3. The Influence of Antral Ulcers on Intramural Gastric Nerve Projections Supplying the Pyloric Sphincter in the Pig (Sus scrofa domestica-Neuronal Tracing Studies.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michal Zalecki

    Full Text Available Gastric ulcerations in the region of antrum pylori represent a serious medical problem in humans and animals. Such localization of ulcers can influence the intrinsic descending nerve supply to the pyloric sphincter. The pyloric function is precisely regulated by intrinsic and extrinsic nerves. Impaired neural regulation could result in pyloric sphincter dysfunction and gastric emptying malfunction. The aim of the study was to determine the effect of gastric antral ulcerations on the density and distribution of intramural gastric descending neurons supplying the pyloric sphincter in pigs.The experiment was performed on 2 groups of pigs: healthy gilts (n=6 and gilts with experimentally induced peptic ulcers in the region of antrum pylori (n=6. Gastric neurons supplying pyloric sphincter were labeled using the retrograde neuronal tracing technique (20μl of Fast Blue tracer injected into the pyloric sphincter muscle. After a week survival period the animals were sacrificed and the stomachs were collected. Then, the stomach wall was cross-cut into 0.5cm thick sections taken in specified intervals (section I - 1.5cm; section II - 3.5cm; section III - 5.5cm; section IV - 7.5cm starting from the sphincter. Consecutive microscopic slices prepared from each section were analyzed under fluorescent microscope to count traced neurons. Obtained data were statistically analyzed. The total number of FB-positive perikarya observed within all studied sections significantly decreased from 903.3 ± 130.7 in control to 243.8 ± 67.3 in experimental animals. In healthy pigs 76.1 ± 6.7% of labeled neurons were observed within the section I, 23.53 ± 6.5% in section II and only occasional cells in section III. In experimental animals, as many as 93.8 ± 2.1% of labeled cells were observed within the section I and only 6.2 ± 2.2% in section II, while section III was devoid of such neurons. There were no traced perikarya in section IV observed in both groups of pigs.Obtained results revealed for the first time significant impact of antral ulcerations on intramural descending nerve pathways supplying the pyloric sphincter in pigs, animals of increasing value in biomedical research and great economic importance.

  4. Pituitary-adrenal activation in pre-parturient pigs (Sus scrofa) is associated with behavioural restriction due to lack of space rather than nesting substrate

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jarvis, S.; Calvert, S.K.; Stevenson, J.; Leeuwen, van N.; Lawrence, A.B.

    2002-01-01

    Previous research has shown that pre-parturient primiparous pigs (gilts) housed in behaviourally restrictive farrowing crates without straw redirect their nest-building behaviour to non-manipulable substrates such as the bars of the crate. These gilts also show elevated plasma adrenocorticotropic

  5. Development and Validation of a Simplified Renal Replacement Therapy Suitable for Prolonged Field Care in a Porcine (Sus scrofa) Model of Acute Kidney Injury

    Science.gov (United States)

    2018-03-01

    Animal ___ Medical Readiness ___ Prolonged Restraint ___ Training: non-Live Animal ___ Health Promotion ___ Multiple Survival Surgery...Military Health System Research Symposium 2018, FL. 11. PROTOCOL OBJECTIVES: (Were the protocol objectives met, and how will the outcome or training...dialysis catheter (Bard Access Systems, Salt Lake City, UT) was introduced into the right external jugular vein. Bilateral nephrectomies were performed

  6. Pseudoscardovia suis gen. nov., sp. nov., a new member of the family Bifidobacteriaceae isolated from the digestive tract of wild pigs (Sus scrofa)

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Killer, Jiří; Mrázek, Jakub; Bunešová, V.; Havlík, J.; Koppová, Ingrid; Benada, Oldřich; Rada, V.; Kopečný, Jan; Vlková, E.

    2013-01-01

    Roč. 36, č. 1 (2013), 11-16 ISSN 0723-2020 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA523/08/1091 Grant - others:GA MZe(CZ) QJ1210093 Program:QJ Institutional support: RVO:67985904 ; RVO:61388971 Keywords : Bifidobacteriaceae * Digestive tract * Multilocus sequence analysis Subject RIV: EE - Microbiology, Virology Impact factor: 3.310, year: 2013

  7. Intraosseous Hydroxocobalamin in the Treatment of Acute, Severe Cyanide Induced Cardiotoxicity in a Swine (Sus Scrofa) Model - An Alternate Administration Route for Chemical Mass Casualties

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-05

    Ut:IVI:I... I 11:111VI:> Hydroxocobalamin, hypotension, cyanide , poisoning , intraosseous, Vitamin B 12a, Vitamin B 12 I 1:). :>CI...U I111 T L.L~:>:>II...Il l Ll:. ~IIIU :>Utili I Ll: :>a. I...UIIIII1~1... I IIIVIVItll:l1 lntraosseous hydroxocobalamin in the treatment of acute, severe cyanide induced...between 2 groups of swine in acute cyanide toxicity and treated with IV HOC or 10 HOC. We also compared blood cyanide , lactate, pH, nitrotyrosine levels

  8. Intravenous versus intramuscular cobinamide compared to intravenous saline (control) in the treatment of acute, survivable, hydrogen sulfide toxicity in swine (Sus Scrofa).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-11-09

    shown that cobinamide successfully reverses cyanide poisoning in an animal model. Moreover, cobinamide can be administered via the IM route making it an...toxicity and ease with which it can be produced. Several potential antidotes have been proposed for hydrogen sulfide poisoning , but none have been...completely successful. Our studies indicate that cobinamide can successfully reverse hydrogen sulfide poisoning in an animal model. We have also

  9. Intoxicação espontânea por Senna occidentalis em javalis (Sus scrofa ferus no estado de Goiás

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabiano J.F. de Sant'Ana

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Descreve-se um surto de intoxicação por Senna occidentalis em javalis no Estado de Goiás. De um rebanho de 80 javalis, 15 adoeceram e um morreu. Os sinais clínicos observados foram apatia, prostração, ataxia, tremores musculares, incoordenação, relutância em mover-se, decúbito esternal ou lateral, paresia e paralisia espástica, principalmente dos membros pélvicos. As principais alterações macroscópicas consistiam de palidez moderada a acentuada da musculatura esquelética dos membros pélvicos e torácicos e no lombo, especialmente nos músculos da coxa. Microscopicamente, observou-se degeneração e necrose flocular, multifocal, leve a moderada, monofásica, com fragmentação de fibras na musculatura esquelética. Nos cortes transversais, havia fibras musculares tumefeitas e hipereosinofílicas. Adicionalmente, havia degeneração microvacuolar hepatocelular difusa, leve a moderada. A atividade sérica da CK estava acentuadamente elevada em dois javalis avaliados e da TGO aumentou em um javali afetado.

  10. A comparison of proximal tibia, distal femur, and proximal humerus infusion rates using the EZ-IO intraosseous device on the adult swine (Sus scrofa) model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lairet, Julio; Bebarta, Vikhyat; Lairet, Kimberly; Kacprowicz, Robert; Lawler, Christopher; Pitotti, Rebecca; Bush, Anneke; King, James

    2013-01-01

    We sought to compare the flow rates of the proximal tibia, the distal femur, and the proximal humerus using high pressure (greater than 300 mmHg) through an intraosseous (IO) infusion needle in an adult swine model. We performed a prospective interventional study in 11 swine. After placement of central vein and arterial lines, blood was removed via the central line until the animal's mean arterial pressure decreased 25% from the recorded baseline. We inserted a 25-mm IO needle into the proximal tibia and 45-mm needles into the distal femur and proximal humerus. All extremities were utilized in each study animal. We infused normal saline at each site for 10 minutes with a pressure bag inflated to the highest achievable pressure (greater than 300 mmHg) as measured at the infusion site with a calibrated portable inline pressure gauge. We measured the volume of normal saline remaining and we calculated infusion rates for each site. We then compared infusion flow rates between the three locations. Statistical analysis and comparison of the infusion rates of all three study arms were as performed using analysis of variance (ANOVA). The average weight of the swine was 71 kg (range 64-84 kg). Successful placement of the IO needle was confirmed at all three sites. The mean infusion flow rate was 213 mL/min (standard deviation [SD] 53.2 mL/min) for the proximal humerus, 138 mL/min (SD 65.3 mL/min) for the distal femur, and 103 mL/min (SD 48.1 mL/min) for the proximal tibia (p IO placement, with a potential for higher flow rates than the proximal tibia and distal femur when resuscitating a patient.

  11. Origin and distribution of the sciatic nerve in pig fetuses (Sus scrofa domesticus – Linnaeus, 1758 from the lineage Pen Ar Lan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lázaro Antônio dos Santos

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The origin and distribution of the sciatic nerve was studied in 31 pig fetuses from the lineage Pen Ar Lan, being 22 males and 9 females, after being fixed in a 10% formaldehyde aqueous solution. In these animals, the lumbar vertebrae ranged from 5 to 7, with a predominance of 6, something which contributed to variations in the origin of this nerve. The sciatic nerve originated in 80.64% of the antimeres from the ventral branch of the fifth lumbar spinal nerve (L5; in 96.77 % of L6; in 6.45% of L7; in 100% of S1; and in 64.51% of S2. The composition of this nerve took place in 45.16% of the animals due to the union of L5, L6, S1 and S2; in 32.25% of L5, L6 and S1; in 12.90% of L6, S1 and S2; in 6.45% of L6, L7 and S1; and in 3.22% L5, S1 and S2. There was symmetry in the origin of the sciatic nerve in all specimens under study. This nerve sent branches to the superficial gluteal, semitendinosus, semimembranosus and biceps femoris muscles in all specimens, and, in a lesser frequency, to the twins, quadratus femoris, adductors, as well as the middle, accessory, and deep gluteal muscles. In 74.19% of the sample, a branch communicating to the pudendal nerve was observed.

  12. Serological and molecular investigation of the prevalence of Aujeszky's disease in feral swine (Sus scrofa) in the subregions of the Pantanal wetland, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paes, Rita de Cássia da Silva; Fonseca, A A; Monteiro, L A R C; Jardim, G C; Piovezan, U; Herrera, H M; Mauro, R A; Vieira-da-Motta, O

    2013-08-30

    The feral swine (FS) originated from the domestic pig and is present throughout the Brazilian wetland plain (the Pantanal). Aujeszky's disease (AD) was first serologically confirmed in the state of Mato Grosso do Sul (MS) in 2001; however, there was no viral confirmation. The aim of this study was to investigate antibodies against-SuHV-1 in the sera of feral swine in the studied areas, detect SuHV-1 through PCR and classify the viral genome. Among the 218 animals sampled, 186 were analyzed by ELISA, resulting in 88 (47.3%) reactive samples. In the serum neutralization test (SN), 57/179 (31.8%) samples presented antibodies against the AD virus (SuHV-1). By nested PCR, 104 DNA samples were extracted for analysis and confirmed with amplification of a fragment of glycoprotein B (gB) in five samples. The SuHV-1 was detected in 12 samples by using primers for glycoprotein E (gE) and viral genome was classified as Type I by ul44 partial sequencing. The amplification of SuHV-1 glycoprotein fragments in the fetuses of seropositive sows indicate that the vertical transmission contribute to maintain SuHV-1 in a free-living feral swine population. The origin of AD in the feral swine populations of the Pantanal is unknown, however, the determination of viral latency, the vertical transmission of the antigen by the amplification of SuHV-1 glycoprotein fragments in the fetuses of seropositive sows and genome typing contribute to the elucidation of the epidemiology of this disease in the wetlands of MS, Brazil. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  13. Metilcelulosa: sus aplicaciones farmacéuticas

    OpenAIRE

    Tapia Villanueva, Cristián; Sapag Hagar, Jaime

    1995-01-01

    El objetivo de este trabajo es señalar las propiedades más importantes de la metilcelulosa (MC) y explicar de qué manera éstas son determinadas por sus características físicas y químicas. Además, se discuten algunas de sus aplicaciones más importantes en formulaciones farmacéuticas.

  14. Neoliberalismo e intervencionismo: sus fuentes y razones

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salomón Kalmanovitz

    1998-08-01

    Full Text Available A partir de una reseña sobre el papel del intervencionismo estatal en la conducción de la economía y de la pugna con el neoliberalismo, se hace una revisión de los modelos económicos aplicados a lo largo del siglo y se muestran sus rasgos principales, sus problemas y sus paradojas. A partir de alfí, se examina lo sucedido en América Latina, para dar cuenta de las particularidades del caso colombiano, cuyo modelo en esta década muestra una distancia grande del modelo neoliberal, mientras sus problemas lo acercan a los dilemas y sin salidas del intervencionismo, en un contexto que requeriría otras fórmulas para hacer posible la paz. Frente a ello, se examinan las posiciones y propuestas de los economistas, vistas bajo la aguda polarización entre intervencionismo y neoliberalismo, pero en circunstancias críticas que alejan los logros en torno a la modernización, la estabilidad de precios, la sólida fundamentación macroeconómica y la democratización política.

  15. Histological data concerning the pig (sus scrofa) for use in radiobiology. I. Normal histology of certain systems. 2. Injuries caused by total {gamma} irradiation; Donnees histologiques sur le porc (sus scrofa), utilisables en radiobiologie. 1. histologie normale de certains appareils. 2. etude des lesions consecutives a une irradiation {gamma} totale

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guenet, J.L.; Vaiman, M.; Nizza, P. [Commissariat a L' Energie Atomique, Fontenay-aux-Roses (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1966-06-01

    The domestic pig lately become a laboratory whose anatomical and physiological characteristics appear to be appreciated for certain radiological studies. In this report the authors describe research which they have carried out (in particular in the field of histology) on domestic pigs of different species with a view to compiling a record which might be of help to future workers in this field. The second part of their work deals with anatomical and histological injuries caused by total exposure to gamma radiation from cobalt 60 at doses of around 285 rads. (authors) [French] Le porc domestique est devenu depuis peu un animal de laboratoire, dont les caracteristiques anatomiques et physiologiques paraissent fort appreciees pour certaines etudes de radiobiologie. Dans ce rapport les auteurs font part des recherches qu'ils ont effectuees (notamment dans le domaine de l'histologie) sur des porcs domestiques de differentes races, de maniere a constituer un document capable de venir en aide aux utilisateurs eventuels. La deuxieme partie de leur travail traite de lesions anatomiques et histologiques, consecutives a des expositions totales aux rayonnements gamma du cobalt 60 a des doses voisines de 285 rads. (auteurs)

  16. Postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome in farmed wild boars (Sus scrofa in Rio Grande do Sul Síndrome multissistêmica do definhamento suíno em javalis (Sus scrofa de criações comerciais no Rio Grande do Sul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André Mendes Ribeiro Corrêa

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available This report concerns an outbreak of postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome in wild boars from commercial herds in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. The main clinical signs were progressive wasting, respiratory distress, diarrhea, and ocular discharges. Enhanced lymph nodes and spleens, ascites, hydrothorax, and non collapsed lungs were the principal gross lesions. Varying degrees of lymphohistiocytic infiltrates in lymph nodes, spleen, and intestines were the most significant microscopic changes. Although a total of 26 animals had showed clinical and pathological findings consistent with the disease, only in 11 of them it was possible to confirm a PMWS diagnosis through the association of specific lesions in lymphoid tissues with the presence of the viral antigen detected by immunohistochemistry. These findings were similar to those reported in the swine disease.Descreve-se a ocorrência da síndrome multissistêmica do definhamento suíno em javalis de dois rebanhos comerciais no estado do Rio Grande do Sul. Os principais sinais observados foram definhamento progressivo, tosse, espirros, diarréia e descarga ocular. Linfonodos e baços aumentados, ascite, hidrotórax e pulmões não colapsados foram os principais achados macroscópicos. Infiltrados linfo-histiocitários de graus variáveis em linfonodos, baços e intestinos foram as lesões microscópicas mais relevantes. Embora 26 animais tenham apresentado achados clínicos e patológicos compatíveis com a enfermidade, apenas em 11 desses foi possível confirmar o diagnóstico através da associação de lesões histológicas específicas nos tecidos linfóides com a presença do antígeno viral, detectado pela técnica de imunoistoquímica. Tanto os achados clínicos como patológicos foram semelhantes aos descritos na doença suína.

  17. Occurrence of Hymenoptera on Sus scrofa carcasses during summer and winter seasons in southeastern Brazil Ocorrência de Hymenoptera em carcaças de Sus scrofa durante as estações de inverno e verão do sudeste do Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonardo Gomes

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Considerable importance has been given to nest construction and larval food transport to the nest as a precondition for the eusociality of insects. Most adult hymenopterans feed on liquids, although bees and a few wasps may also feed on pollen. Carrion represents an additional source of protein for some species and they will scavenge for dead animals in the wild. This paper aims at analyzing Hymenoptera visitors on a pig carcass during the process of decomposition, in the summer of 2005 and the winter of 2006 in Brazil, and comparing the results with other studies in the Neotropical region. To our knowledge, this is the first study which described the occurence of Agelaia pallipes, Polybia paulista and Scaptotrigona depilis on decomposing carcasses in southeastern Brazil. It also raises the hypothesis of possible applications of Hymenoptera to achieve more precise PMI estimations, apart from other insects already known as having great importance in such estimates.Considerável importância tem sido dada às construções de ninhos e transporte de alimento larval para o ninho como uma pré-condição para a eusociabilidade dos insetos. Muitos adultos de himenópteros alimentam-se em líquidos, embora as abelhas e poucas vespas podem também se alimentarem de pólen. Carcaças representam uma fonte adicional de proteína para algumas espécies e elas foram uma vez observadas se alimentando de animais mortos na natureza. Este trabalho tem por objetivo analisar Hymenoptera visitantes em carcaças de porcos durante o verão de 2005 e inverno de 2006 no Brasil, ao longo dos estágios de decomposição, comparando com resultados de outros estudos na região Neotropical. Pelo nosso conhecimento, esse é o primeiro estudo que descreveu a ocorrência de Agelaia pallipes, Polybia paulista e Scaptotrigona depilis em carcaças em decomposição no sudeste do Brasil. Isso também aumenta a hipótese na possibilidade de aplicação de Hymenoptera em auxiliar a estimar o IPM de maneira mais precisa, sem levar em conta insetos que já possuem grande importância forense.

  18. Altavoces y Sus Características.

    OpenAIRE

    Cabrera Ortiz, Juan Gabriel

    2015-01-01

    El contenido de aprendizaje aborda la definición de los altavoces desde el campo electroacústico relacionando su principio de funcionamiento mecánico eléctrico y sus características mas importantes como lo son su tipo, respuesta en frecuencia, impedancia, sensibilidad y patrón polar. Contenido realizado por el docente de la Escuela de Ciencias Básicas Tecnología e Ingeniería Ing. Juan G. Cabrera O.

  19. La Eutonía-Sus Principios

    OpenAIRE

    Rovella, Adriana

    2008-01-01

    El presente trabajo pretende dar cuenta de la Eutonía como práctica corporal dando cuenta de sus objetivos y principios La Eutonía fue creada por Gerda Alexander.El término, del griego, Eu: bueno, óptimo-Tonus: tensión; expresa la idea de una tonicidad armoniosamente equilibrada en adaptación constante al estado o actividad del momento. Es una disciplina basada en la experiencia del propio cuerpo, que conduce a la persona hacia una toma de conciencia de si misma y propone un aprendizaje para ...

  20. TELECENTROS COMUNITARIOS MANIZALES VISTOS POR SUS USUARIOS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JUlio César Meza Ramírez

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available El artículo presenta un ejercicio de evaluación de los Telecentros Comunitarios de la ciudad de Manizales (Caldas, Colombia, con el fin de identificar la percepción que sobre ellos tienen sus usuarios. Para ello se encuestan a 597 usuarios que han cursado alguna de las capacitaciones ofrecidas por Manizales Vive Digital, que reflejan la alta aceptación del programa y su efecto positivo sobre el proceso de inclusión digital en la ciudad.

  1. Estudio sobre el mercado laboral yerbatero, sus protagonistas, y sus luchas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Angélica Jordán

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Reseña bibliográfica acerca del libro “Cosechando yerba mate. Estructuras sociales de un mercado agrario en el Nordeste argentino” (2012 de Victor Rau. Dicho estudio analiza el mercado laboral agrario yerbatero, recuperando su historicidad en la región, atendiendo a las estructuras sociales que han condicionando su funcionamiento, como las variables que permitieron la reconfiguración de la estructura del mercado actual, sobretodo a partir de los años ’90. Para ello, se enfoca en los asalariados agrícolas, sus condiciones de venta de fuerza de trabajo, y sus acciones colectiva de protesta.

  2. Cuatricentenario: "Alonso Berruguete y sus figuras"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Navarro

    1962-01-01

    Full Text Available El Amor y la Muerte, el Extasis y la Nada, gesto español de puro abolengo trágico. He aquí a Don Alonso Berruguete, escultor que nació en la villa de Paredes de Nava, provincia de Palencia, "por los años de 1480" y murió en Toledo el año de 1561. En el Casón del Retiro de Madrid sus silentes "creaturas" celebran con música de Victoria el cuatricentenario del maestro. Sobre el terciopelo verde y escarlata Adoraciones y Calvarios donde se retrata a lo vivo el pensamiento taumaturgo de la España terrible del siglo XVI.

  3. First Ecological Study of the Bawean Warty Pig (Sus blouchi, One of the Rarest Pigs on Earth.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mark Rademaker

    Full Text Available The Bawean warty pig (Sus blouchi is an endemic pig species confined to the 192 km(2 large island of Bawean in the Java Sea, Indonesia. Due to a lack of quantitative ecological research, understanding of natural history and conservation requirements have so far been based solely on anecdotal information from interviews with local people and study of captive and museum specimens. In this study we provide the first assessment of population and habitat preferences for S. blouchi by using camera trapping. From the 4th of November 2014 to January 8th 2015, we placed camera traps at 100 locations in the forested protected areas on Bawean. In 690.31 camera days (16567.45 hours we captured 92 independent videos showing S. blouchi. Variation in S. blouchi trapping rates with cumulative trap effort stabilized after 500 camera days. An important outcome is that, in contrast to the suggestion of previous assessments, only S. blouchi was detected and no S. scrofa was found, which excludes hybridization threats. We fitted a Random Encounter Model, which does not require the identification of individual animals, to our camera-trapping data and estimated 172-377 individuals to be present on the island. Activity patterns and habitat data indicate that S. blouchi is mainly nocturnal and prefers community forests and areas near forest borders. Next to this, we found a positive relationship between S. blouchi occupancy, distance to nearest border, litter depth and tree density in the highest ranking occupancy models. Although these relationships proved non-significant based on model averaging, their presence in the top ranking models suggests that these covariables do play a role in predicting S. blouchi occurrence on Bawean. The estimated amount of sites occupied reached 58%. Based on our results, especially the estimation of the population size and area of occupancy, we determine that the species is Endangered according to the IUCN/SSC Red List criteria.

  4. First Ecological Study of the Bawean Warty Pig (Sus blouchi), One of the Rarest Pigs on Earth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rademaker, Mark; Meijaard, Erik; Semiadi, Gono; Blokland, Simen; Neilson, Eric W; Rode-Margono, Eva Johanna

    2016-01-01

    The Bawean warty pig (Sus blouchi) is an endemic pig species confined to the 192 km(2) large island of Bawean in the Java Sea, Indonesia. Due to a lack of quantitative ecological research, understanding of natural history and conservation requirements have so far been based solely on anecdotal information from interviews with local people and study of captive and museum specimens. In this study we provide the first assessment of population and habitat preferences for S. blouchi by using camera trapping. From the 4th of November 2014 to January 8th 2015, we placed camera traps at 100 locations in the forested protected areas on Bawean. In 690.31 camera days (16567.45 hours) we captured 92 independent videos showing S. blouchi. Variation in S. blouchi trapping rates with cumulative trap effort stabilized after 500 camera days. An important outcome is that, in contrast to the suggestion of previous assessments, only S. blouchi was detected and no S. scrofa was found, which excludes hybridization threats. We fitted a Random Encounter Model, which does not require the identification of individual animals, to our camera-trapping data and estimated 172-377 individuals to be present on the island. Activity patterns and habitat data indicate that S. blouchi is mainly nocturnal and prefers community forests and areas near forest borders. Next to this, we found a positive relationship between S. blouchi occupancy, distance to nearest border, litter depth and tree density in the highest ranking occupancy models. Although these relationships proved non-significant based on model averaging, their presence in the top ranking models suggests that these covariables do play a role in predicting S. blouchi occurrence on Bawean. The estimated amount of sites occupied reached 58%. Based on our results, especially the estimation of the population size and area of occupancy, we determine that the species is Endangered according to the IUCN/SSC Red List criteria.

  5. La noción de “seguridad humana”: sus virtudes y sus peligros

    OpenAIRE

    Rodríguez Alcázar, Javier

    2012-01-01

    El concepto de seguridad humana ha estado al centro de un amplio debate desde que el PNUD lo adoptara en su ‘‘Informe sobre Desarrollo Humano’’de 1994. Algunos han señalado sus ventajas como alternativa a concepciones más tradicionales de la seguridad, mientras que los críticos del concepto insisten en su ambigüedad y la posibilidad de que sea utilizado para justificar, incluso, acciones violentas en la línea del realismo político. En estas páginas, tras un balance de los pros y contras, se d...

  6. Food passage time through the alimentary tract of a brazilian teleost fish, Prochilodus scrofa (Steindachner, 1881 using radiography

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    Renato Lamounier Barbieri

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available O tempo de passagem de alimentos através do trato digestivo do peixe detritívoro de água doce Prochilodus scrofa foi determinado com o uso de técnicas radiográficas e de sulfato de bário como meio de contraste. Os peixes foram mantidos em tanques com temperatura constante de 23ºC e receberam via oral, através de um cateter, uma mistura de 2,5 partes de ração peletizada moída e 1 parte de suspensão oral do meio de contraste (Celobar. As radiografias foram obtidas em intervalos de 3 horas. Imediatamente após a introdução da mistura, visualizou-se o preenchimento gástrico pelo contraste. Foi observado um esfíncter existente entre os estômagos cárdico e pilórico. Após 3 horas, 80 por cento do intestino proximal estava repleto. Após 6 horas, o contraste atingiu as porções proximal, média e distal do intestino. Após 9 horas, 70 por cento do intestino distal estava repleto, e após 12 horas, havia a marcação do segmento do reto (25 por cento da porção distal do intestino.

  7. Los directores aprendiendo de sus maestros

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    Manuel Ortega Muñoz

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo de investigación está enmarcado dentro de la línea de indagación Aprendizaje para la Gestión y versa sobre los principales aprendizajes que han adquirido los directivos de educación básica del estado de Durango, México, para el mejor ejercicio de su función. Desde un estudio de narrativa, se recopilaron historias de 16 directores de educación primaria estatal pertenecientes a la zona escolar 24 del sector educativo no. 1 de la Secretaría de Educación Pública. El análisis de los datos se llevó a cabo mediante la herramienta de análisis de información cualitativa Atlas ti versión 7.5. Los hallazgos de la investigación muestran que los principales aprendizajes que los directivos de educación básica del estado de Durango, México han adquirido de sus maestros para el mejor ejercicio de su función son dos: a el trabajo en equipo, del cual se desprenden componentes como una eficaz y eficiente organización del trabajo, el trabajar siempre en colaboración y tener la mejor de las actitudes para trabajar; y b el liderazgo compartido, aspecto en que se perciben elementos como el óptimo manejo y resolución de conflictos, el liderazgo y la toma de decisiones en conjunto por parte del colectivo escolar. Abstract This research paper, framed within the line of inquiry Learning Management, deals with the main lessons that have acquired the management of basic education in the state of Durango, Mexico, for the best performance of their duties, from a study of narrative histories of 16 directors of state primary education outside the school zone 24 the education sector 1 of the Ministry of Education. The data analysis was performed using the computer statistical package you Atlas ti version 7.5. The research findings show that there are two main lessons that have acquired the management of basic education in the state of Durango, Mexico from their teachers for the better performance of their function: a teamwork

  8. Laser bendability of SUS430/C11000/SUS430 laminated composite and its constituent layers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hossein Seyedkashi, S. M.; Gollo, Mohammad Hoseinpour; Biao, Jin; Moon, Young Hoon

    2016-05-01

    Laminated composites are of great interest in different industries while having the advantages of all base metals. In this research, the laser bending of a three-layered SUS430/C11000/SUS430 laminated composite is characterized both experimentally and numerically. This composite can be used in the microelectronics industry since it has the anti-corrosion and strength capability of stainless steel, and the electrical superiority of copper. The specimens are bent using a Ytterbium fiber laser irradiated on a straight path along the sheet width. The effects of bending parameters including the number of passes, scanning velocity, beam diameter, laser power and delay time between passes are examined for a three-layered laminated sheet, and compared with its constituent steel and copper layers. It is found that the thin copper mid-layer strongly affects the rate of bending per pass. Heat distribution and plastic strain along the thickness during the process are characterized by using the finite element method. The Cu mid-layer decreases the bending angle, but also postpones the onset of melting, and thus can be compensated by the application of higher laser powers. It is shown that the bending angle increases with an increase in laser power and delay time, and a decrease in laser velocity and beam diameter.

  9. Microscopia óptica e eletrônica do corpúsculo de Stannius do curimbatá (Prochilodus scrofa Steindachner, 1881 (Osteichthyes, Cypriniformes, Prochilodontidae

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    Elza Ferreira Goldman Pinheiro

    1986-01-01

    Full Text Available The Stannius corpuscles of Prochilodus scrofa are studied microscopically (both optically and electronically as well as macroscopically. Two CS, and sometimes 3 or 4, are found per animal. They are pink-coloured organs, rounded in shape and scattered laterally in the first anterior third of the kidney. Each CS is enveloped by a thick connective tissue capsule. The grandular parenchyma consists of only one cellular (PAS-/AF- type, cylindrical in shape, with oval or rounded nucleus located eccentrically with visible nucleolus. The ultrastructural description is as follows: well developed Golgi complexes, rough endoplasmic reticulum and mitochondria in moderate quantities. Electron-dense granules numerous. CS highly vascularized.

  10. Proteja a sus seres queridos de las intoxicaciones

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2008-12-10

    Este podcast, que forma parte de la iniciativa Proteja a sus seres queridos, aborda las medidas que pueden tomar los padres de familia para ayudar a proteger a sus niños de una intoxicación, una de las principales causas de lesiones infantiles.  Created: 12/10/2008 by National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCIPC).   Date Released: 4/1/2009.

  11. Proteja a sus seres queridos de las lesiones viales

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2008-12-10

    Este podcast, que forma parte de la iniciativa Proteja a sus seres queridos, aborda las medidas que pueden tomar los padres de familia para ayudar a proteger a sus niños de las lesiones viales, una de las principales causas de lesiones infantiles.  Created: 12/10/2008 by National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCIPC).   Date Released: 4/1/2009.

  12. Proteja a sus seres queridos de un ahogamiento

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2008-12-10

    Este podcast, que forma parte de la iniciativa Proteja a sus seres queridos, aborda las medidas que pueden tomar los padres de familia para ayudar a proteger a sus niños de un ahogamiento, una de las principales causas de lesiones infantiles.  Created: 12/10/2008 by National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCIPC).   Date Released: 4/1/2009.

  13. Proteja a sus seres queridos de las quemaduras

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2008-12-10

    Este podcast, que forma parte de la iniciativa Proteja a sus seres queridos, aborda las medidas que pueden tomar los padres para ayudar a proteger a sus niños de las quemaduras, una de las principales causas de lesiones infantiles.  Created: 12/10/2008 by National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCIPC).   Date Released: 4/1/2009.

  14. Hematological and physiological changes induced by short-term exposure to copper in the freshwater fish, Prochilodus scrofa

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    A. F. MAZON

    Full Text Available Hematological and physiological changes in the blood of juveniles of the freshwater fish, Prochilodus scrofa were determined after acute exposure to 20, 25, and 29 mugCu L-1 in water (pH 7.5; hardness 24.5 mg L-1 as CaCO3 for 96 h. Copper exposure to 25 and 29 mugCu L-1 caused significant increase in the hematocrit and red blood cell values. The increase in red blood cells was associated with increase in whole blood hemoglobin only in fish exposed to 29 mugCu L-1. Leukocytes increased following copper exposure and were significantly higher in fish exposed to 29 mugCu L-1. Differential leukocyte percentage displayed significant reduction in lymphocytes and an increase in neutrophils in fish exposed to 25 and 29 mugCu L-1. The percentage of monocytes remained unchanged after copper exposure. The thrombocytes did not change. There was a significant decrease in plasma [Na+] and [Cl-] and a significant drop in blood pH in fish exposed to 25 and 29 mugCu L-1 while [K+] showed significant increase in fish exposed to 29 mugCu L-1. Copper exposure led to ionoregulatory impairment, although chloride cell hypertrophy was induced. The changes in red blood cells suggest a compensatory response to respiratory surface reduction of gills (tissue damage and cell proliferation in order to maintain oxygen transference from water to the tissues, allowing the fish to survive during the so-called shock phase of LC50 exposure, at least while at rest.

  15. Hematological and physiological changes induced by short-term exposure to copper in the freshwater fish, Prochilodus scrofa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MAZON A. F.

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Hematological and physiological changes in the blood of juveniles of the freshwater fish, Prochilodus scrofa were determined after acute exposure to 20, 25, and 29 mugCu L-1 in water (pH 7.5; hardness 24.5 mg L-1 as CaCO3 for 96 h. Copper exposure to 25 and 29 mugCu L-1 caused significant increase in the hematocrit and red blood cell values. The increase in red blood cells was associated with increase in whole blood hemoglobin only in fish exposed to 29 mugCu L-1. Leukocytes increased following copper exposure and were significantly higher in fish exposed to 29 mugCu L-1. Differential leukocyte percentage displayed significant reduction in lymphocytes and an increase in neutrophils in fish exposed to 25 and 29 mugCu L-1. The percentage of monocytes remained unchanged after copper exposure. The thrombocytes did not change. There was a significant decrease in plasma [Na+] and [Cl-] and a significant drop in blood pH in fish exposed to 25 and 29 mugCu L-1 while [K+] showed significant increase in fish exposed to 29 mugCu L-1. Copper exposure led to ionoregulatory impairment, although chloride cell hypertrophy was induced. The changes in red blood cells suggest a compensatory response to respiratory surface reduction of gills (tissue damage and cell proliferation in order to maintain oxygen transference from water to the tissues, allowing the fish to survive during the so-called shock phase of LC50 exposure, at least while at rest.

  16. Analise espacial dos aglomerados de nascimentos ocorridos em hospitais SUS e nao SUS do municipio de Sao Paulo, Brasil

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    Patricia Carla dos Santos

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo é avaliar a distribuição espacial de nascidos vivos (NV do município de São Paulo (MSP, verificar se há dependência espacial, identificar possíveis diferenças no perfil dos nascimentos e avaliar as distâncias percorridas entre os domicílios e os hospitais do parto. Foram estudados os NV ocorridos em hospitais de alta complexidade, quatro SUS e quatro da rede não SUS no MSP em 2008. Foram georreferenciados 46.190 NV: 48,8% em hospitais SUS e 51,2% não SUS, estes representaram 27,9% do total de NV do MSP. Os NV de hospitais SUS formaram dois aglomerados com elevada proporção de domicílios com renda de 1/2 a 2SM, concentração de favelas e altas taxas de natalidade. Os NV de hospitais não SUS formaram um aglomerado na região central do MSP, onde há elevada proporção de domicílios com renda > 10 SM e baixa natalidade. Foram encontradas diferenças estaticamente significantes das características maternas, da gestação e do parto entre os NV de hospitais SUS e não SUS e da frequência de gemelaridade. Não houve diferença na prevalência de baixo peso e pré-termo. Os resultados mostraram existir diferenciais no perfil dos aglomerados de NV, que refletem as desigualdades das condições de vida do MSP.

  17. La violencia de hijos adolescentes contra sus progenitores La violencia de hijos adolescentes contra sus progenitores

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    Concepción Aroca Montolío

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available According to Prosecutor’s Office of the Minor, the accusation interposed by mothers and/or fathers victims by theirs children, along 2007 were 2603, in 2008 amounted 4.211, in 2009 there were 5.209 and in 2010 there were 8.000 accusations. Suede this worrying increase, the principal aim of our article is to check the scientific international and national documentation, from 1957 until the year 2010 that analyses the phenomenon of the adolescent violence against parents, to achieve an approximation to its keys that there allows us the comprehension and analysis of this serious familiar problem. For it we will analyse: (a the importance of this crime by means of criminological mediators: prevalence and incidence; (b the age and sex variables’ aggressors to be able to establish a basic profile about theirs and, (c the violence types that the teenagers wield to damage, prejudice and suffering against their progenitors, with the aim to obtain what they want. The information obtained in this research review and qualitative analysis, change in base to the methodology used and the type of sample under study to obtain conclusions. Even though, we wantto do research into needs to investigate this type of familiar violence, and from there, to do researches with rigorous scientific methodologies, unifying criteria and variables to be investigating, to be able to anticipate in this increasing problem that the parents have. Según la Fiscalía del Menor en el año 2007, las denuncias interpuestas por madres y/o padres, víctimas de malos tratos por sus hijos e hijas menores de edad, fueron 2.683. En 2008 ascendieron a 4.211, en 2009 se presentaron 5.209 y en el año 2010 se registraron 8.000 denuncias. Ante éste preocupante incremento, el objetivo principal de nuestro artículo es revisar la documentación científica que analiza la violencia filio-parental,  desde 1957 hasta el año 2011, para lograr una aproximación a sus claves que nos permita la

  18. Variación genética en cerdo doméstico (Sus scrofa domestica de Córdoba-Colombia basada en marcadores microsatélites

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    Iván Meléndez Gélvez

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Se evaluó mediante veinte microsatélites la variación genética de tres poblaciones de cerdos en Córd oba-Colombia. T odos los loci estudiados fueron polimórficos con una heterocigosidad observada que osciló en un rang o de 0.2 a 84.2 % (con una media de 68.6 % y una heterocigosidad esperada que varió entre 5.6 a 83.8 % (con una media de 70.2 % . El valor del contenido de información polimórfica (PIC para todos los marcadores analizados fluctuó entre 0.17 (el menos informativo y 0.8 3 (el más informativo. El nivel de diferenciación genética FST entre pares de poblaciones varió en el rango de 0.07 a 0.11, siendo estadísticamente significativo en todos los pares analizado s. En conclusión, los niveles de heterogocidad esperada encontrados en el presente estudio, indican que el cerdo domés tico en Córdoba, muestra un alto grado de variabilidad genética. De igual manera, la identidad genética de Nei y el e stadístico FST indican cercanía genética entre las poblaciones de Momil y Cereté, a las que se une Tierralta, indic io de migración entre esas tres poblaciones, pero manteniendo cada una su identidad genética.

  19. Release of copper from embedded solid copper bullets into muscle and fat tissues of fallow deer (Dama dama), roe deer (Capreolus capreolus), and wild boar (Sus scrofa) and effect of copper content on oxidative stability of heat-processed meat.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schuhmann-Irschik, I; Sager, M; Paulsen, P; Tichy, A; Bauer, F

    2015-10-01

    When venison with embedded copper bullets was subjected to different culinary processing procedures, the amount of copper released from the embedded bullet was affected more by the retention period of the bullet in the meat during cool storage, than by the different heating protocols. The presence of copper fragments had no significant effect on levels of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS). Conversely, TBARS in lean meat (fallow deer, wild boar, roe deer) were significantly affected by culinary treatment (higher TBARS in boiled and boiled-stored meat than in meat barbecued or boiled in brine). In pork-beef patties doped with up to 28mg/kg Cu, TBARS increased after dry-heating and subsequently storing the meat patties. The amount of copper doping had no effect on TBARS for 0 and 7days of storage, but a significant effect at day 14 (fat oxidation retarded at higher Cu doses). Evidence is presented that wild boar meat may be more sensitive to fat oxidation than pork-beef. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  20. The effects of colloids or crystalloids on acute respiratory distress syndrome in swine (Sus scrofa models with severe sepsis: analysis on extravascular lung water, IL-8, and VCAM-1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rismala Dewi

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS is a fatal complication of severe sepsis. Due to its higher molecular weight, the use of colloids in fluid resuscitation may be associated with fewer cases of ARDS compared to crystalloids. Extravascular lung water (EVLW elevation and levels of interleukin-8 (IL-8 and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1 have been studied as indicators playing a role in the pathogenesis of ARDS. The aim of the study was to determine the effects of colloid or crystalloid on the incidence of ARDS, elevation of EVLW, and levels of IL-8 and VCAM-1, in swine models with severe sepsis.Methods: This was a randomized trial conducted at the Laboratory of Experimental Surgery, School of Veterinary Medicine, IPB, using 22 healthy swine models with a body weight of 8 to 12 kg. Subjects were randomly allocated to receive either colloid or crystalloid fluid resuscitation. After administration of endotoxin, clinical signs of ARDS, EVLW, IL-8, and VCAM-1 were monitored during sepsis, severe sepsis, and one- and three hours after fluid resuscitation. Analysis of data using the Wilcoxon test , Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, Mann-Whitney test, unpaired t test.Results: Mild ARDS was more prevalent in the colloid group, while moderate ARDS was more frequent in the crystalloid group. EVLW elevation was lower in the colloid compared to the crystalloid group. There was no significant difference in IL-8 and VCAM-1 levels between the two groups.Conclusion: The use of colloids in fluid resuscitation does not decrease the probability of ARDS events compared to crystalloids. Compared to crystalloids, colloids are associated with a lower increase in EVLWI, but not with IL-8 or VCAM-1 levels.

  1. Avaliação dos níveis séricos de 17-alfa-OH progesterona e androstenediona durante o ciclo estral em marrãs (Sus Scrofa Domestica - Linnaeus, 1758

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gilson Hélio Toniollo

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available No presente trabalho, foram utilizadas 21 fêmeas suínas, virgens, sexualmente aptas, criadas e mantidas sob condições industriais, para observação dos perfis hormonais séricos de 17-alfa-OH progesterona e androstenediona, durante o ciclo estral. As colheitas de sangue foram efetuadas sempre no mesmo intervalo, entre 8 e 10 horas. Cada animal foi submetido a 14 punções venosas, distribuídas nos dias zero, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18, 20, 21, 22 e 23 do ciclo estral. Considerou-se o dia zero como o primeiro dia da fase estral, e o 23º dia como o primeiro do estro subseqüente. Os ensaios para dosagens hormonais foram executados utilizando-se a técnica de radioimunoensaio (RIE em fase sólida e para isso foi empregado conjunto de reagentes comerciais (Coat-A-Count®. Para o hormônio 17-alfa-OH progesterona, foram encontrados valores médios que variaram entre 0,18 e 2,7 ng/ml e para o hormônio androstenediona esses valores oscilaram entre 0,08 e 0,24 ng/ml.

  2. Assessing the Hemodynamic Effects of Resuscitative Endovascular Balloon Occlusion of the Aorta (REBOA) in Traumatic Cardiac Arrest When Closed Chest Compressions are Augmented by Directing the Area of Maximal Compression Over the Left Ventricle in a Swine Model (sus scrofa)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-09-15

    Assessing the hemodynamic effects of Resuscitative Endovascular Balloon Occlusion of the Aorta (REBOA) in traumatic cardiac arrest when closed...Principal Investigator (PI): Name Rank Date of IACUC Training Branch of Service / Corps Staff Resident Fellow Civilian Department / Office

  3. The Effect Of Supraphysiologic Blood Pressure on Traumatic Brain Injury and Proximal Tissue Beds During Resuscitative Balloon Occlusion of the Aorta and Variable Aortic Control in a Porcine Model (Sus scrofa) of Polytrauma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-04-27

    Supraphysiologic Blood Pressure On Traumatic Brain Injury And Proximal Tissue Beds During Resuscitative Balloon Occlusion Of The Aorta And Variable Aortic...combined effects of increased proximal mean arterial pressure (pMAP), carotid blood flow (Qcarotid), and intracranial pressure (ICP) from REBOA would...Mandatory) The Effect of REBOA, Partial Aortic Occlusion and Aggressive Blood Transfusion on Traumatic Brain Injury in a Swine Polytrauma Model

  4. Inmigrantes andinos en Madrid: Sus danzas y sus músicas tradicionales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lourdes Morales

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available In our urban context we get in touch with people that have been forced to leave their countries under different circumstances in order to live in Spain. This article analyses their wish to maintain a group identity and how this identity is materialized by some individuals through traditional dance and music. The study is intended as a framework for subsequent educational investigations that relate that cultural reality with the situation in secondary schools where children of Latin American immigrants study.Nuestro entorno ciudadano inmediato nos pone en contacto diario con personas que por diferentes razones se han visto obligadas a dejar sus países de origen para instalarse en España. Este artículo analiza el deseo que surge en ellas de mantener una identidad de grupo, y cómo ésta se concreta en ciertos individuos mediante manifestaciones de danza y música popular tradicional. El estudio pretende servir de marco para ulteriores investigaciones educativas que vinculen esa realidad cultural con la situación de institutos de enseñanza secundaria en los que estudian hijos de inmigrantes latinoamericanos.

  5. A experiência da pesquisa EnsinaSUS The experience of EnsinaSUS research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lilian Koifman

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo descreve a trajetória do projeto EnsinaSUS, da pesquisa desenvolvida em seu interior e das múltiplas dimensões e implicações na direção do conhecimento das experiências que têm sido realizadas nos cursos da área de saúde em relação aos processos de mudança que estão em desenvolvimento. Pretendemos compartilhar a experiência de integração de pesquisadores, de diferentes origens institucionais e profissionais, na construção de um projeto comum, alimentado da vivência desses atores. Essa experiência almejou inovar e construir uma nova gramática para discussão e compreensão dos processos pedagógicos e sua interface com a saúde e o trabalho, na produção de um cuidado que se faça distinto na concepção da assistência à saúde, produzindo cuidado usuário-centrado, numa perspectiva dialógica e ético-política. Entendemos que as práticas de ensino e extensão funcionam como dispositivos abertos de um 'fazer-pensar-saber' em integralidade, forjando novas concepções, sentidos e significados da saúde, da vida, do conhecimento e da educação. Pautamo-nos na idéia de que as explicações da práxis pedagógica podem ser entendidas como possibilidade da construção histórica da cidadania. Encontramos alguns mecanismos de legitimação e canais de articulação, intercâmbio e solidariedade como resposta de interação de diversidades. A equipe representou a composição de redes de representação em espaços culturais e políticos plurais.This article describes the EnsinaSUS Project, the research developed within the project, and the various dimensions and implications that will lead to understanding the experiences that have been taking place in courses in the field of health care as regards their processes of change. Our aim is to share the experience of integrating researchers, coming from different institutional and professional backgrounds, in order to build a common project, based on their

  6. ElecSus: Extension to arbitrary geometry magneto-optics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keaveney, James; Adams, Charles S.; Hughes, Ifan G.

    2018-03-01

    We present a major update to ElecSus, a computer program and underlying model to calculate the electric susceptibility of an alkali-metal atomic vapour. Knowledge of the electric susceptibility of a medium is essential to predict its absorptive and dispersive properties. In this version we implement several changes which significantly extend the range of applications of ElecSus, the most important of which is support for non-axial magnetic fields (i.e. fields which are not aligned with the light propagation axis). Supporting this change requires a much more general approach to light propagation in the system, which we have now implemented. We exemplify many of these new applications by comparing ElecSus to experimental data. In addition, we have developed a graphical user interface front-end which makes the program much more accessible, and have improved on several other minor areas of the program structure.

  7. Rosario Castellanos, feminista a partir de sus propias palabras

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta Lamas

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available A partir del análisis de sus escritos periodísticos, se recupera a Rosario Castellanos como una pionera intelectual del feminismo mexicano. Se defiende la idea de que en sus artículos periodísticos se plasma con fuerza y lucidez un pensamiento feminista moderno, que gira en torno a los efectos del mandato cultural de la feminidad, aportando a la crítica de la situación de las mujeres mexicanas. Castellanos rechaza el victimismo, reivindica la necesidad de terminar con la autocomplacencia femenina y propone que las mujeres se responsabilicen de sus vidas, madurando y puliendo ideas que hoy en día tienen vigencia y radicalidad notables.

  8. Strategies for sustainable households. The SusHouse project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Vergragt, Ph.J.; Knot, J.M.C.

    2001-01-01

    The international SusHouse project has developed a strategy design approach that can contribute to major (factor 20) efficiency improvements in household activities. Stakeholder workshops have been held to develop scenarios for a sustainable future (2050). These scenarios were evaluated on their economic consequences, environmental impacts and consumer acceptance. the results were then used as the input for a second round of stakeholder workshops, which aimed at developing short-term strategies and implementation plans. This Research Note reviews the SusHouse approach and its results. It ends with suggestions for further steps to be taken. A SusHouse CD-ROM is available, containing all final project reports as well as a scenario presentation in the form of images and short texts. 22 refs

  9. IDENTIFICATION OF RNA STRUCTURES MODULATING THE EXPRESSION OF THE mRNA BIOGENESIS FACTOR SUS1

    OpenAIRE

    ABUQATTAM, ALI NA

    2017-01-01

    Sus1 is a conserved protein involved in chromatin remodeling and mRNA biogenesis. The SUS1 gene of Saccharomyces cerevisiae is unusual, as it contains two introns and is alternatively spliced, retaining one or both introns in response to changes in environmental conditions. SUS1 splicing may allow the cell to control Sus1 expression, but the mechanisms that regulate this process remain unknown. In this thesis project, we have investigated whether the structure adopted by SUS1 RNA sequences co...

  10. Evolution of microstructure and mechanical properties of SUS430/C11000/SUS430 composites during the laser-forming process

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abazari, Hamed Delfan; Seyedkashi, Seyed Mohammad Hossein; Gollo, Mohammad Hoseinpour; Moon, Young Hoon

    2017-09-01

    Multilayered sheet metals have been widely used to achieve a wide range of favorable mechanical, physical, thermal and electrical properties. Laser beam irradiation over these materials creates extreme temperature changes that can lead to changes in the microstructural properties. Microstructure plays a very crucial role in determining the mechanical property of the irradiated region, thus determining the optimum laser processing conditions. In this study, metallographic studies, as well as tensile, fatigue and hardness tests, are undertaken on SUS430/C11000/SUS430 laminated composites that have been exposed to laser irradiation with different number of passes. This composite can be used in the microelectronics industry since it has the anti-corrosion and strength capability of stainless steel, and the electrical superiority of copper. Ytterbium fiber laser is used in such a way that the governing mechanism of the process is the temperature gradient mechanism. Evolution of the microstructure is revealed by metallography, and the fracture levels of tension and fatigue test specimens are further evaluated by SEM. This study illustrates the significant effects of successive laser irradiation on the evolution of microstructure and mechanical properties, which lead to some suggestions for improving the properties of laser-formed SUS430/C11000/SUS430 composites.

  11. La tibia y sus deformidades congénitas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valentín Malagón Castro

    1955-06-01

    Full Text Available El presente estudio sobre la Tibia y sus anomalías congénitas lo hemos dividido en 2 grandes capítulos. En el primero bosquejamos sintéticamente los caracteres anatómicos y radiológicos del hueso tibial sano. En el segundo, pasamos revista a las deformidades congénitas de la Tibia: Ausencia, Amputaciones, Incurvaciones, Pseudoartrosis, etc.

  12. Material test data of SUS304 welded joints

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Asayama, Tai [Japan Nuclear Cycle Development Inst., Oarai, Ibaraki (Japan). Oarai Engineering Center; Kawakami, Tomohiro [Nuclear Energy System Incorporation, Tokyo (Japan)

    1999-10-01

    This report summarizes the material test data of SUS304 welded joints. Numbers of the data are as follows: Tensile tests 71 (Post-irradiation: 39, Others: 32), Creep tests 77 (Post-irradiation: 20, Others: 57), Fatigue tests 50 (Post-irradiation: 0), Creep-fatigue tests 14 (Post-irradiation: 0). This report consists of the printouts from 'the structural material data processing system'. (author)

  13. LA INSPECCIÓN TRIBUTARIA Y SUS AVANCES

    OpenAIRE

    VICEDO ARMIÑANA, RAFAEL

    2014-01-01

    Para llevar a cabo y hacer efectiva su potestad de gestión, las entidades locales necesitan una autonomía económico-financiera, debiendo de disponer de medios tributarios y patrimoniales suficientes para el cumplimiento de sus funciones, tal y como reconoce el artículo 142 de la Constitución Española, de acuerdo con el cual, las Haciendas Locales deberán disponer de los medios suficientes para el desarrollo de las funciones que la Ley atribuye a las Corporaciones respectivas, y se nutrirán fu...

  14. Kant, sus maestros y los maestros de la humanidad

    OpenAIRE

    Ríos Acevedo, Clara Inés

    1999-01-01

    A instancias de Newton y Rousseau, con sus planteamientos sobre la gravitación universal y la rivindicación del sentimiento y la moralidad, respectivameente, Kant se ocupó de la insociable sociabilidad del ser humano, que genera la dialéctica de la guerra y la paz, antítesis de la ley moral y premisa de todo sistema social; del problema de la paz mundial, promulgando la necesidad de un organismo legal internacional que agrupara todos los Estados del planeta, para así disminuir las guerras y p...

  15. Padres hombres custodios - PHC: la paternidad, sus alcances y motivaciones

    OpenAIRE

    Fierro Barahona, José Gustavo; Ruíz Gómez, Marina Stella

    2015-01-01

    Esta investigación comprendió las concepciones sobre paternidad presentes en los padres hombres al solicitar la custodia de sus hijas e hijos menores de siete años ante el ICBF de la ciudad de Cali con un diseño cualitativo de aproximación fenomenológica, se utilizó el instrumento de entrevista en profundidad con cinco padres hombres custodios - PHC. Los resultados se presentaron en relación a las distinciones expresadas por los PHC acerca de las razones que los llevó a solicit...

  16. Entusiastas, aficionados y espectadores: sus valores, motivaciones y compromiso

    OpenAIRE

    Torregrosa, Miquel; Cruz, Jaume

    2009-01-01

    El interés de las ciencias aplicadas al deporte en los espectadores y el espectáculo deportivo ha sido más bien escaso y en muchos casos sobrecentrado en la violencia. El objetivo de este trabajo es proponer una clasificación alternativa de los aficionados al fútbol a partir del tipo de contacto que tienen con el espectáculo y describir sus valores, motivaciones y compromiso. Mil setecientas diecinueve personas asistentes a partidos de fútbol organizados por la Liga de...

  17. Entusiastas, aficionados y espectadores: sus valores, motivaciones y compromiso

    OpenAIRE

    Miquel Torregrosa; Jaume Cruz

    2009-01-01

    El interés de las ciencias aplicadas al deporte en los espectadores y el espectáculo deportivo ha sido más bien escaso y en muchos casos sobrecentrado en la violencia. El objetivo de este trabajo es proponer una clasificación alternativa de los aficionados al fútbol a partir del tipo de contacto que tienen con el espectáculo y describir sus valores, motivaciones y compromiso. Mil setecientas diecinueve personas asistentes a partidos de fútbol organizados por la Liga de Fútbol Profesional con...

  18. Toxicity of herbal medicines with interest to SUS: a review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ciciane Pereira Marten Fernandes

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: In Brazil, ever since colonization plants have been used as natural products; thus, the National Health Surveillance Agency has been establishing rules for herbal medicine regulation; in this light, 71 plant species were chosen and empirically used in the country to investigate their medicinal properties. Currently, 12 of these 71 plants have been approved to be used in SUS (Public Health System, the remaining species still need further research. Thusly, this review aimed to seek information from toxicological studies on the plants that have not yet been officially approved, to stimulate new research in the field, promoting an economical and functional impact. In order to obtain the information, the keywords plant name + toxicity and/or toxicological studies were searched in the most prominent databases, both in English and in Portuguese. The ten plants with the most references were included in this review. Among the ten plants assessed, three have all the required studies required by the National Health Surveillance Agency, two of which we recommend the immediate adoption by SUS. In general, three plants have a determined LD50, nine have reproductive toxicity data, and five have not yet shown any sign of toxicity.

  19. Entusiastas, aficionados y espectadores: sus valores, motivaciones y compromiso

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miquel Torregrosa

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available El interés de las ciencias aplicadas al deporte en los espectadores y el espectáculo deportivo ha sido más bien escaso y en muchos casos sobrecentrado en la violencia. El objetivo de este trabajo es proponer una clasificación alternativa de los aficionados al fútbol a partir del tipo de contacto que tienen con el espectáculo y describir sus valores, motivaciones y compromiso. Mil setecientas diecinueve personas asistentes a partidos de fútbol organizados por la Liga de Fútbol Profesional contestaron cuestionarios sobre sus valores, motivaciones y relación con el fútbol. Los resultados muestranque los entusiastas son los aficionados más motivados y comprometidos con el fútbol al mismo tiempo que participan significativamente más de valores relacionados con el conservadurismo y la autopromoción que las otras tres categorías (espectadores, aficionados presenciales y aficionados virtuales. La clasificaciónpropuesta en base al tipo de contacto con el fútbol permite conceptualizar el fútbol como algo más que lo que ocurre en los estadios y abre las puertas a intervencionesdesde lo positivo para promover el fair play y la deportividad en los aficionados.

  20. Cicatrici: El secreto de sus ojos di Sacheri e Campanella

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandro Volpe

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available In 2005 the Argentinian writer Eduardo Sacheri published The Question in Their Eyes (La pregunta de sus ojos.  The novel narrates on a double level, both fictional and temporal, the decision of a retired prosecutor to come to terms with a case of rape and murder which had taken place years earlier: his life had been shattered by the consequences of that tragedy, and writing about it would be a way to start living again.  The director Juan José Campanella - widely famous for having directed episodes of the television series Law & Order, but especially as the director of successful films such as El hijo de la novia - decided to adapt the novel and involved Sacheri in the project: the close collaboration between writer and director produced a bold screenplay that adds to the noir thriller a more romantic dimension.  Disproving the commonplace of the writer jealous of his work, they wrote together a new version which retains certain elements of the original text, but also introduces a number of relevant changes to the structure, characters and ending of the novel.  The Secret in Their Eyes  (El secreto de sus ojos, shot in 2008, was released the following year and in 2010 won the Academy Award for best foreign language film.

  1. Experimental combination chemo-radiotherapy on human breast carcinoma (MX-1) transplanted into nude mice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tsuyuki, Ken

    1984-01-01

    Experimental combination chemo-radiotherapy of mitomycin C (MMC) and Linac irradiation was performed on human breast carcinoma transplanted into nude mice. The treatment was started on 2 wks. after tumor inoculations and the effects were evaluated by T/C ratio of the tumor weight. Cell kinetic analysis was studied by flow cytometry, 3 H-thymidine uptake labeling index (L.I.) and mitotic index (M.I.) on 24 hrs. after treatments. Effect of MMC (0.5, 1 and 2 mg/kg) and irradiation (500, 1000 and 2000 rads/mouse) revealed exponential linear dose response curves against T/C ratio which was significantly correlated with L.I. In combination therapy, the synergistic action was observed when 500rads/mouse and 1mg/kg were combined, and the effect was found to be more excellent when the radiation was performed 24 hrs. before MMC administration than the reversed sequence. By MMC and radiation, 2n and 3n cells increased with decrease of 4n cells. Whereas no change of M.I. was observed, L.I. was depressed. Increased 3n cells with depressed L.I. was supposed to be caused by S phase prolongation. As this change was more remarkable by radiation, the combination therapy was thought to be more effective when the radiation was performed before MMC administration. This nude mice-human tumor system was thought to be useful to analyze the combination chemo-radiotherapy. (author)

  2. La etnobotánica: su alcance y sus objetos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Schultes Richard Evans

    1941-11-01

    Full Text Available Existe entre la Botánica y la Antropología una ciencia intermedia a la que, desde hace medio siglo, se ha dado el nombre de Etnobotánica. Como ocurre con otras ciencias interfacultativas o interdisciplinales la Etnobotánica no se puede definir fácilmente y por esto ha habido muchas diferencias de opinión en cuanto a su alcance y sus objetos. En su más amplio sentido, la Etnobotánica es el estudio de las relaciones que existen entre el hombre y su ambiente vegetal, es decir las plantas que lo rodean. En un sentido más restringido, se ha considerado solamente como el estudio del uso de las plantas cultivadas y silvestres por los pueblos primitivos, usualmente los aborígenes.

  3. Estudio de las propiedades del grafeno y sus posibilidades

    OpenAIRE

    Valverde Guijarro, Ángel Luis

    2014-01-01

    El objetivo principal de este proyecto es el de estudiar mediante elipsometría las propiedades ópticas de una capa de grafeno sobre varios sustratos, y cómo ésta puede alterar los parámetros ópticos del material sobre el que reposa. Partiendo de muestras de cobre y silicio, se estudiará cómo pueden ser modificadas sus propiedades con tan sólo depositar sobre ellas una capa de grafeno cuyo espesor es el de un átomo. Se usará un elipsómetro de alta precisión proporcionado por el INTA para anal...

  4. Diferença de Classe no SUS é inconstitucional!

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alethele de Oliveira Santos

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available A discussão sobre a ‘diferença de classe’ decorre do Recurso Extraordinário (RE 581488 interposto pelo Conselho Regional de Medicina do Rio Grande do Sul (Cremers em face da decisão do Tribunal Regional Federal da 4ªRegião (TRF –4ª, em favor do município de Canela (RS (1 junto ao Supremo Tribunal Federal (STF, com repercussão geral  reconhecida sob o número 579. Trata-se da possibilidade de que paciente do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS pague valor financeiro por hotelaria diferenciada, ou ainda, médico de sua preferência.

  5. The role of dentists in the Unified Health System (SUS)

    OpenAIRE

    Aerts, Denise; Abegg, Claídes; Cesa, Kátia

    2004-01-01

    O Sistema Único de Saúde é um processo social em construção permanente, sendo fundamental a contínua discussão sobre seu modelo de atenção, os paradigmas explicativos do processo saúde-doença que o embasam e o papel de diferentes profissionais que nele atuam. Esse trabalho objetiva a discussão sobre a atuação do cirurgião-dentista no SUS. Uma forma de sistematizar suas possibilidades de atuação é a sua inserção no sistema. Em nível central ou distrital, deve atuar em equipes interdisciplinare...

  6. Migrantes culiacanenses en California: Diversidad en sus redes migratorias

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ernesto SÁNCHEZ SÁNCHEZ

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Es un hecho la dinámica extraordinaria que tienen los lugares de reciente migración, ya sea como lugares de origen o destino. El estado de Sinaloa se suma a esta dinámica en la cual aparecen ahora sus tres principales zonas urbanas --Culiacán, Mazatlán y Ahome-- dentro de su mapa migratorio. Sin embargo la migración, como proceso social, implica una serie de interrelaciones formadas tiempo atrás. Éstas repercuten en la conformación de las nuevas redes migratorias. No obstante, durante décadas, las principales zonas de expulsión en Sinaloa han sido rurales y siguen teniendo un papel esencial en las actuales relaciones sociales de los migrantes provenientes de Culiacán.

  7. FEAP-SUS: integration of sustainability in design tool

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Cesar Machado Ferroli

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Industrial Design is an activity that requires creativity, sense of management, great capacity of synthesis and much knowledge in the design area. Considering by virtue of the expressive volume of data and information, the designer uses methodologies, tools and techniques project that help this activity. These fools needs priors relevant factors, without neglecting any of them. This demands an interdisciplinary attitude towards the essence, involving several areas of knowledge and forcing the designer to a good management capacity of information (design management. Adding to this matter is also the inclusion of sustainability, and the aspects that constitute it: economic sustainability, social and environmental. So, this work presents the development of the FEAP – SUS tool. The Study Case was applied in Project Graduation from the Industrial Design Course at the UNIVALI.

  8. Sindicalismo, SUS e planos de saúde

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Augusto Pina

    Full Text Available Este artigo discute a interlocução do sindicalismo brasileiro com o Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS e os planos e seguros privados de saúde. São ponderadas algumas teses na Saúde Coletiva à luz de estudos mais recentes nas Ciências Sociais sobre o sindicalismo e realizada análise documental para o caso da Central Única dos Trabalhadores (CUT, tomado aqui como referência. Aponta-se a necessidade de considerar os pesos relativos que a ação sindical atribuiu a cada um dos aspectos da relação, SUS e planos privados de saúde, pelas distintas conjunturas do país. O conflito entre trabalhadores e empresas somado ao desemprego e à precarização do trabalho expõe os limites das coberturas assistenciais privadas e impele a representação sindical a pleitear a intervenção estatal. O trabalho refletiu sobre as distintas modalidades de ação sindical na empresa e no Estado. A complexidade dessa dinâmica fez emergir um setor sindical interessado na gestão da previdência complementar e dos planos de saúde e, ao mesmo tempo, recria as circunstâncias e traz novas possibilidades de as organizações sindicais se colocarem na cena política e aglutinar os interesses de amplos segmentos dos trabalhadores para pressionar o Estado na defesa da melhoria do sistema público de saúde.

  9. Modelos de gestão e o SUS Management models and Brazil's National Health System (SUS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nelson Ibañez

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available O recente documento do Ministério do Planejamento sobre Fundações Públicas (2005 e a crise da área hospitalar colocaram novamente na agenda do SUS a questão dos modelos de gestão pública. O objetivo deste artigo é situar no contexto das reformas de estado pensadas na década de 90 para o Brasil, as propostas de mudança dos modelos de gestão da administração pública, com foco no processo de implementação do SUS. Essa abordagem trata em primeiro lugar da personalidade jurídica das organizações de saúde na esfera estatal, conceituando o público a partir de seus objetivos; em segundo, discute o contexto as reformas de estado e as mudanças propostas para a administração pública. Os autores entendem que critérios e parâmetros para avaliação institucional devem contemplar quatro aspectos: subordinação à política de saúde; legalidade; eficiência gerencial e capacidade de controle. A partir do quadro de referencia geral elaborou-se uma análise comparativa em relação à proposta das fundações públicas de direito privado. Na análise comparativa das características desse tipo de entidade proposta para gestão hospitalar, observam-se semelhanças com a proposta de Organizações Sociais. Fundação Estatal e Contrato de Gestão podem ser vistos como modelos que possibilitam modernizar o Estado, além de re-introduzirem o tema da reforma hospitalar na agenda governamental brasileira.The recent document on Public Foundations issued by the Ministry of Planning (2005 and the crisis in the hospital area bring the issue of public management models back to the agenda of Brazil's National Health System (SUS. This paper brings up changes in civil service management models within the context of the State restructuring processes of the 1990s in Brazil, particularly in the National Health System (SUS. The approach examines, initially, the legal status of healthcare entities at the State level, establishing their publics by

  10. Docentes de inglés de primaria, secundaria y terciaria: Sus creencias pedagógicas sobre sus estudiantes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudio Díaz-Larenas

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Como agente reflexivo de su propia práctica, el profesorado construye creencias pedagógicas sobre el proceso de enseñanza y aprendizaje y, en particular, sobre el rol que sus estudiantes deben asumir en el aprendizaje de un idioma. Este estudio tiene como objetivo identificar las creencias pedagógicas de treinta docentes de inglés de primaria, secundaria y terciaria, en Chile, sobre el rol estudiantil en el proceso didáctico. Un cuestionario, una entrevista semi-estructurada, un diario auto-biográfico y cinco diarios de observación no-participante fueron utilizados para revelar las creencias pedagógicas de sus informantes. Los datos arrojados por los instrumentos fueron analizados con el programa cualitativo ATLASTI, que permitió el levantamiento de tres dimensiones y diez categorías, mediante el uso de la técnica del análisis de contenido semántico. Los resultados muestran que los tres grupos de profesorado declaran que estudiantes que aprenden una lengua extranjera deben tener características personales y académicas relacionadas con la motivación, la participación, la autonomía, entre otras; sin embargo, al interior del aula asumen un rol pasivo y reactivo frente al ambiente de enseñanza altamente estructurado que genera el personal docente. En conclusión, las creencias que cada docente sostiene se alimentan de la teoría y se corroboran o cuestionan en la práctica de aula, a modo de una relación bidireccional entre teoría y práctica, y viceversa.

  11. Estudio del seno coronario y sus tributarias en individuos colombianos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis E. Ballesteros, MD., MSc.

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available La expresión morfológica del seno coronario se caracteriza por su gran variabilidad, especialmente en lo que se relaciona con longitud, calibres, territorios drenados y frecuencia de sus tributarias. Se evaluaron las variaciones del seno coronario en 68 senos coronarios (56 hombres; 12 mujeres de corazones extraídos como material de necropsia, a individuos colombianos. Los senos fueron inyectados con resina sintética y se registraron sus características anatómicas. La longitud promedio de los senos fue de 25,96 mm (± 6,34 y su diámetro distal de 8,94 mm (± 1,66. Las formas fueron cilíndrica, en embudo y aplanada en 67,6%, 23,5% y 8,9% respectivamente. La vena cardiaca magna se originó en el ápex cardiaco en 57,4% de los casos y en el tercio inferior del surco interventricular anterior en 39,7%. A nivel del surco atrioventricular tuvo un calibre de 5,47 mm (± 0,72. En 77,9% la vena cardiaca magna se ubicó a la izquierda de la arteria interventricular anterior. El trígono arterio-venoso del corazón estuvo presente en 58,8%. La vena cardiaca media tuvo como origen el tercio inferior de la superficie ventricular anterior (53% y el ápex cardiaco (47%. Ésta desembocó directamente en el atrio derecho en 17% de los casos. Su calibre en el segmento cercano al seno fue de 4 mm (± 0,77. Se presentó anastomosis de las venas cardiacas magna y media en 58,8%; en el ápex cardiaco (33,8% y en el segmento inferior del surco interventricular anterior. Se destaca la presencia de una vena cardiaca magna corta y de una vena cardiaca media de amplia trayectoria en un número significativo de casos. De igual forma, la desembocadura de la vena cardiaca media en el atrio derecho estuvo presente en casi una quinta parte de los corazones estudiados.

  12. Cartagena de Indias: historiografía de sus fortificaciones

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodolfo Segovia Salas

    1997-05-01

    Full Text Available La historia militar de Cartagena de Indias está ligada a la doble condición de ser centro de intercambio con reputación de opulencia, y de constituirse con el tiempo en puntal geopolítico por sus condiciones defensivas. De estos dos aspectos, el que ha despertado el mayor y más temprano interés historiográfico por su sabor romántico ha sido la narración de los épicos ataques y defensas de la ciudad colonial antes y después de rodearse de murallas de piedra. Desde cuando el noble francés Jean François de la Roque, señor de Roberval , compañero de Cartier en las tempranas expediciones al Canadá y conocido en las crónicas como Roberto Baal u O'valle, la sorprendiera en 1544, Cartagena nunca dejó de vivir bajo la amenaza de "enemigas venganzas".

  13. Las playas de Quintana Roo: sus riesgos y vulnerabilidad.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Torruco Gómez

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Las playas son sistemas donde se ejercen presiones antrópicas y ambientales, en este estudio se analizaron sus condiciones bioeconómicas con la finalidad de obtener un modelo que permita determinar el grado de vulnerabilidad y la matriz de riesgo en las playas del Estado de Quintana Roo para un mejor uso sustentable. Se formularon matrices con registros biológicos y socioeconómicos obtenidos entre el 2009 y 2010 en temporadas de alto registro turístico, obteniendo 17 variables en 20 playas analizadas. La evaluación se efectuó con el modelo semiparamétrico del tipo KSIM con dos escenarios: uno sin control/restricción en el desarrollo costero y otro con las mismas características pero con decremento en demanda turística por baja calidad ambiental. Los resultados mostraron un marcado descenso en playas arenosas y costas rocosas. En el modelo se hace referencia a la importancia de los procesos de las playas y su interrelación con los factores biológicos, sociales y económicos más importantes, proporcionando una visión integral de todas las variables. Se recomienda incrementar el modelo dándole mayor envergadura, integrando a las instituciones que influyen en el control de las acciones en estas playas, lo que dará un mejor referente y monitoreo a corto, mediano y largo plazo.

  14. Sindicalismo, SUS e planos de saúde Trade unionism, Unified Health System (SUS and private health insurance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Augusto Pina

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo discute a interlocução do sindicalismo brasileiro com o Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS e os planos e seguros privados de saúde. São ponderadas algumas teses na Saúde Coletiva à luz de estudos mais recentes nas Ciências Sociais sobre o sindicalismo e realizada análise documental para o caso da Central Única dos Trabalhadores (CUT, tomado aqui como referência. Aponta-se a necessidade de considerar os pesos relativos que a ação sindical atribuiu a cada um dos aspectos da relação, SUS e planos privados de saúde, pelas distintas conjunturas do país. O conflito entre trabalhadores e empresas somado ao desemprego e à precarização do trabalho expõe os limites das coberturas assistenciais privadas e impele a representação sindical a pleitear a intervenção estatal. O trabalho refletiu sobre as distintas modalidades de ação sindical na empresa e no Estado. A complexidade dessa dinâmica fez emergir um setor sindical interessado na gestão da previdência complementar e dos planos de saúde e, ao mesmo tempo, recria as circunstâncias e traz novas possibilidades de as organizações sindicais se colocarem na cena política e aglutinar os interesses de amplos segmentos dos trabalhadores para pressionar o Estado na defesa da melhoria do sistema público de saúde.The article intends to discuss the patterns of interlocution between the Brazilian trade unionism, the public health system (SUS and the private health insurance sector. Some thesis originated in the Public Health area about the subject are debated, in the light of more recent Social Science's studies concerned the Brazilian unionism. It presents a documentary analysis for the case of the largest National Workers Organization, named CUT. The need to discuss the problem in distinct political and economic conjunctures of the country is pointed out. The conflicts between the workers and the companies, added to the unemployment and deregulation of the labor markets

  15. Corrosion property for solid state bonded joint of SUS304L stainless steel and Zr; SUS304L ko to Zr ko tono koso setsugo tsugite no taishokusei

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ei, K.; Irie, H.; Kasugai, T. [National Research Institute for Metals, Tsukuba (Japan)

    1999-05-01

    Corrosion resistance of diffusion bonded joint with Ta foil inserted between the bonded surfaces and friction welding joint for SUS304L and Zr was examined in 3N-HNO{sub 3} solution contained Cr{sup 6+} ion. In a short term dipping test, it was difficult to qualitatively investigate the corrosion property for both joints, because it depended strongly on the surface condition (preparation) of the specimen before the test. In a long term dipping test, however, the type of the corrosion was mainly found intergranular corrosion in SUS304L base metal for all of the joints, moreover this developed the falling off the crystal grain of SUS304L base metal. In this corrosion process, a possibility that galvanic potential difference between dissimilar metals accelerated corrosion was pointed out, then local potential gradient was investigated using a measuring system, in which a sharp vibrating probe was scanned across the joint interface. SUS304L base metal showed a positive local potential gradient which indicated on acceleration of corrosion in SUS304L. But it was not so large and corrosion rates of SUS304L for the both solid state joining were nearly same value as that without Zr or Ta base metals. The acceleration of the corrosion at dissimilar metal joints were not observed from the results of the dipping test and the measurement of the local potential gradient, it is considered that there is no problem of the corrosion resistance in these joints. (author)

  16. Difference in cold-working effect on the irradiation-induced deformation between SUS 316L and SUS 304 stainless steel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nagakawa, Johsei; Murase, Yoshiharu; Yamamoto, Norikazu; Ueno, Keiko

    2007-01-01

    SUS 304 stainless steel has been used for internal components of the light-water reactors constructed in earlier days, in which irradiation-assisted stress corrosion cracking has drawn attention. SUS 316L was regarded as less susceptible to the stress corrosion cracking and adopted in the newer reactors, although it was recently found not completely so in some Japanese reactors. Tensile residual stress introduced during manufacturing is believed to be one of the major factors in the initiation of cracking. It is, therefore, essential to assess the stress relaxation behavior under irradiation, which can be evaluated from the irradiation creep data, in conjunction with the effect of cold work. In the present study, creep experiments under 17MeV proton irradiation (2x10 -7 dpa/s) at 288degC were conducted for both SUS 316L and SUS 304 stainless steels with 5% or 25% cold work. Stress dependence of the irradiation creep was quite different between the two stainless steels, almost linear in SUS 316L while nearly quadratic in SUS 304 for both levels of cold-working. Stress relaxation under irradiation was evaluated to be different between the two stainless steels, reflecting their difference in stress dependence. (author)

  17. Desenvolvimento do sus e racionamento de serviços hospitalares SUS evolution and hospital services rationing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Mendes Ribeiro

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Analisamos o sistema de saúde brasileiro em perspectiva comparada. A migração de clientelas de renda média para operadoras pré-pagas privadas aproxima o caso brasileiro do norte-americano. A produção de serviços hospitalares no SUS demonstra importante redução da oferta agravada pelo crescimento demográfico e por expectativas definidas por disposições constitucionais. A redução é seletiva e concentrada em serviços obstétricos e de clínica médica e nos serviços privados lucrativos. Para se garantir acesso equitativo é necessário: ampliação de gastos públicos; redução dos gastos por desembolso direto; reformas organizacionais; ampliação da capacidade de governo.We analyze Brazilian health system in comparative perspective. Middle income beneficiaries migration to pre-paid private insurance makes Brazilian case similar to United States. Public hospital services delivery shows an important retrenchment enhanced by demographic growth and new expectations due to constitutional definitions. Retrenchment is selective and concentrates on obstetric and clinic services and private for-profit services. To ensure equal access it is necessary to improve public spending; diminish out-of-pocket spending; develop organizational reforms; improve government capacity.

  18. La Corona Española y sus Leyes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaime Herrera Pontón

    1995-04-01

    Full Text Available

    Bogotá, Mayo 27 de 1994

    Señor Académico
    Zoilo Cuéllar Montoya
    Secretario
    Academia Nacional de Medicina

    E. S. D.

    Muy estimado doctor Cuéllar:

    En la última reunión de la Academia, el académico De Zubiría, mencionó que el consumo de coca ya estaba penalizado desde la época de la Colonia. Me permito enviarle una copia de lo referente a la coca que se encuentra en las Leyes dictadas por la Corona Española en relación con este tema. Está tomado de la tercera edición de la recopilación que se hizo de dichas leyes en el año de 1774, por orden del Rey don Carlos Ir, del 7 de febrero de dicho año.

    Como es una fiel copia del original, he respetado la ortografía usada en él.

    Atentamente,
    Jaime Herrera Pontón

    Recopilación de leyes de los reynos de las Indias
    Año de 1774, tercera edición, Madrid.

    TÍTULO CATORCE
    Del servicio en Coca y Añir

    – Ley primera. Que los Indios, que trabajan, en la Coca sean bien tratados, y no usen de ella en supersticiones y hechicerías.

    D. Felipe Segundo en Madrid a 18 de Octubre de 1569

    Somos informados que de la costumbre de los Indios del Perú tienen en el uso de la Coca, y su
    grangería, se siguen grandes inconvenientes, por ser mucha parte para sus idolatrías, ceremonias, y hechicerías, y fingen, que trayéndola en la boca les da más fuerza y vigor para el trabajo, que según afirman los experimentados es ilusión de el Demonio, y en su beneficio perecen infinidad de Indios, que por ser cálida, y enferma la parte donde se cría, e ir a ella de tierra fría, de que mueren muchos, y otros salen tan enfermos, y débiles, que no se pueden reparar.

    Y aunque nos fue suplicado, que la mandássemos, porque desamas no quitar a los Indios este genero de alivio para el trabajo, aunque solo consista en la imaginación: Ordenamos a los Virreyes, que probean como los Indios, que se emplean en el

  19. Maltrato infantil y sus consecuencias a largo plazo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Carolina Alarcón Forero

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available La violencia intrafamiliar constituye una de las formas más frecuentes de violencia encontradas tanto a nivel nacional como internacional y dentro de estas el maltrato infantil presenta cifras alarmantes, y es el objeto de nuestra revisión. Los efectos de este problema repercuten notablemente en aquellos que sobreviven, ya que las consecuencias a largo plazo del maltrato infantil son más perjudiciales para lasvíctimas y sus familias, y más costoso para la sociedad, que las lesiones agudas inmediatas que puedan producir. Las consecuencias a largo plazo para estos niños varían desde efectos nocivos en su desarrollo hasta trastornos psicológicos, psiquiátricos y orgánicos. Es importante resaltar que aún con muy buenas intervenciones no todas tienen el éxito esperado si no se hacen de manera correcta. Esindispensable contar con estrategias de prevención que incluyan personal bien entrenado, una supervisión adecuada, los recursos necesarios, y un tiempo mínimo óptimo para enfrentar el problema y obtener los mejores resultados. ______________________________________________________________________Domestic violence is one of the most common forms of violence found both domestically and internationally. Within these, child abuse has alarming figures. This is the subject of this review. The effects of this problem significantly impact on those who survive; their long-term consequences are most severe and expensive for victimized child and his/her family than associated primary physical injuries. Thelong-term consequences for these children range from adverse effects on its psycholigical development to psychological, psychiatric organic disoders. It is important to note that good speeches are not enough to achieve success if any intervention are not done correctly. All prevention strategies include well-trained staff, appropriate supervision, resources, and a optimal time for addressing this problem to get the best results.

  20. La neorruralidad y sus significados. El caso de Navarra

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rivera, María Jesús

    2009-08-01

    que esta apuesta residencial tuvo para sus protagonistas.

  1. Les reconstructions de la vie de Jésus-Christ en aire maya

    OpenAIRE

    Colazo-Simon, Antonia; Geslin, Stéphanie; Reyes, Éric; Le Guen, Olivier

    2011-01-01

    Les histoires mayas de Jésus-Christ Les recueils de tradition orale maya enregistrent au fil des terrains l’occurrence de l’histoire de Jésus-Christ dans plusieurs ethnies mayas, à différents moments du xxe siècle, et sous des formes stylistiques distinctes. L’aspect le plus frappant de ces versions est la pluralité des noms concurrents que porte Jésus-Christ selon le lieu de recueil : si Jesukristo est employé chez les Yucatèques, les Tzeltal, les Tzotzil, les K’iche’, les Mam ou encore les ...

  2. Les reconstructions de la vie de Jésus-Christ en aire maya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stéphanie Geslin

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Les histoires mayas de Jésus-Christ Les recueils de tradition orale maya enregistrent au fil des terrains l’occurrence de l’histoire de Jésus-Christ dans plusieurs ethnies mayas, à différents moments du xxe siècle, et sous des formes stylistiques distinctes. L’aspect le plus frappant de ces versions est la pluralité des noms concurrents que porte Jésus-Christ selon le lieu de recueil : si Jesukristo est employé chez les Yucatèques, les Tzeltal, les Tzotzil, les K’iche’, les Mam ou encore les ...

  3. Saturno devora a sus hijos. Miradas críticas sobre el desarrollo y sus promesas (Víctor Bretón Solo de Zaldivar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Toledo Chávarri

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Saturno devora a sus hijos. Miradas críticas sobre el desarrollo y sus promesas es una compilación de artículos que actualiza el análisis antropológico sobre las prácticas y discursos del desarrollo. La participación de la antropología en el desarrollo tiene un muy largo recorrido que ha estado dominado desde la década de los noventa por una visión postestructuralista. Esta perspectiva constituye también el punto de partida de este libro.

  4. Antisense suppression of cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) sucrose synthase 3 (CsSUS3) reduces hypoxic stress tolerance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Hongyun; Sui, Xiaolei; Guo, Jinju; Wang, Zhenyu; Cheng, Jintao; Ma, Si; Li, Xiang; Zhang, Zhenxian

    2014-03-01

    Sucrose synthase (SUS; EC 2.4.1.13) plays important roles in sugar metabolism and abiotic stress response. But the genes encoding SUS in cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) have not been well studied. Here, we isolated four cucumber sucrose synthase genes (CsSUS). Among them, CsSUS3, which highly expressed in the roots, was chosen for further study. Immunolocalization and subcellular localization analysis indicated that CsSUS3 localized in the cytosol and the plasma membrane, and mainly existed in the companion cells of phloem in the roots. When suffering hypoxia stress from flooding, CsSUS3 expression and SUS activity in roots increased, especially in the lateral roots; moreover, the soluble SUS activity increased clearly, but the membrane fraction hardly changed. Compared with the wild-type cucumbers, the transgenic lines with antisense expression of CsSUS3 were more sensitive to flooding. After 6 d of flooding, the SUS activity, soluble sugar and uridine 5'-diphosphate glucose (UDPG) content and the ratio of ATP/ADP in the roots of transgenic plants were significantly lower than that in wild-type plants. Moreover, the transgenic lines grew more slowly with more yellow necrosis in the leaves. These findings suggested CsSUS3 participated in resisting hypoxic stress. Furthermore, the mechanism of CsSUS3 in resisting hypoxic stress was also discussed. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  5. Aliança da enfermagem com o usuário na defesa do SUS Alianza de la enfermería con el usuario en la defensa del SUS Nursing partnership with users in the defense of SUS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carla Aparecida Arena Ventura

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Estudo reflexivo com o objetivo de apresentar, na perspectiva dos direitos humanos, elementos relevantes para o cuidado de enfermagem na defesa dos sujeitos no contexto do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS brasileiro. A saúde como um direito de todos e um dever do Estado materializou-se como uma conquista da população com o SUS, com os princípios de universalidade, integralidade e equidade da atenção em saúde, ampliando a concepção de saúde para além da ausência de doença e passando a ser entendida como qualidade de vida. O enfermeiro tem grande potencial para desempenhar um papel singular na defesa do direito à saúde e do direito à vida e, por meio de alianças, fortalecer o exercício da cidadania das pessoas.Estudio reflexivo con el objetivo de presentar, en la perspectiva de los derechos humanos, elementos relevantes para el cuidado de enfermería en la defensa de los sujetos en el contexto del Sistema Único de Salud (SUS brasileño. La salud como un derecho de todos y un deber del Estado se ha consolidado como una conquista de la población con él SUS, con los principios de universalidad, integralidad y equidad de atención en salud, ampliando la concepción de salud para además de ausencia de enfermedades y que pasó a ser comprendida como calidad de vida. El enfermero tiene grande potencial para desarrollar un rol singular en la defensa del derecho a salud y del derecho a vida y, por medio de alianzas, fortalecer el ejercicio de la ciudadanía de las personas.This reflexive study aimed at presenting, based on the human rights framework, relevant elements for nursing care in the defense of the users of the Brazilian Single Health System (SUS. The assurance of health as a fundamental right and a government´s responsibility was an achievement of the population through SUS, founded on the principles of universal, integral and equitable care, expanding the conception of health beyond the idea of the lack of disease, understood

  6. Evolution of three cases of sarcomas of the sus-clavicular area after mammary radiotherapy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Renard-Oldrini, S.; Marchal, C.; Verhaeghe, J.L.; El Hajj, L.; Beckendorf, V.; Tournier-Rangeard, L.; Peiffert, D.

    2010-01-01

    The authors comment the evolution observed for three cases of sarcomas in a previously irradiated sus-clavicular area. The three patients initially presented different cancers before the appearance of this sarcoma. The authors outline the exceptional characteristic of these sarcomas for their location in the sus-clavicular ganglionary area. Treatment is difficult. The authors suspect the existence of a genetic fragility. Short communication

  7. JOVENES ESTUDIANTES SECUNDARIOS Y SUS PROCESOS DE CONSTRUCCION DE (DES) CONFIANZA EN LOS OTROS

    OpenAIRE

    FARIAS OLMEDO; PABLO; FARIAS OLMEDO; PABLO

    2008-01-01

    La confianza representa el sustento lógico de toda sociedad, debido a que su presencia en las relaciones interpersonales significa su hilo conductor y el comienzo de una infinidad de redes entre individuos que sustentan sus acciones sobre la seguridad que les entregan tanto aquellos que los rodean, como las instituciones que los resguardan y socializan así como las estructuras que los gobiernan y determinan el curso de sus vidas. La globalización, materializada en nuev...

  8. Proteja a sus seres queridos de las caídas

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2008-12-10

    Este podcast, que forma parte de la iniciativa Proteja a sus seres queridos, aborda las medidas que pueden tomar los padres de familia para ayudar a proteger a sus niños de las caídas, una de las principales causas de lesiones infantiles.  Created: 12/10/2008 by National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCIPC).   Date Released: 4/1/2009.

  9. PRODUÇÃO DE LARVAS DE CURIMBATÁ (Prochilodus scrofa SUBMETIDAS A DIFERENTES DENSIDADES DE ESTOCAGEM E NÍVEIS DE PROTEÍNA BRUTA NAS DIETAS PRODUCTION IN CURIMBATÁ (Prochilodus scrofa LARVAE, EXPOSED TO DIFFERENT STOCKING DENSITY AND DIFFERENT CRUDE PROTEIN LEVELS ON THE DIETS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teresa Cristina Ribeiro Dias Koberstein

    2001-02-01

    Full Text Available O gênero Prochilodus é amplamente distribuído pela América do Sul, incluindo várias espécies que apresenta certo grau de endemismo nas diferentes bacias. Essas espécies alimentam-se basicamente de detritos orgânicos, organismos do benton, e alimentações artificiais. O objetivo deste estudo foi testar três densidades de estocagem (0,5, 0,75, e 1 larva/litro e dietas contendo dois níveis diferentes de proteína bruta (35 e 40% PB nos parâmetros do crescimento e na taxa da sobrevivência do curimbatá, Prochilodus scrofa. As larvas foram estocadas em aquários experimentais de 100 litros, mantidos com volume de 60 litros, com o fluxo de água contínuo, proveniente de poço semi-artesiano. A maior média foi proporcionada pela ração com 40% de PB (1,66g ± 0,21. As diferenças foram significativas para os efeitos dos teores de PB sobre o ganho de peso e densidades de estocagem, na sobrevivência das larvas. Para o ganho de peso, as melhores médias foram obtidas com nível de 40% de PB (2,50g ± 0,40 e para a sobrevivência, as melhores taxas foram 94,45% ± 19,32 e 78,87% ± 19,32 nas densidades de 0,5 e 0,75 larvas/litro, respectivamente.Fish of the genus Prochilodus is widely spread in South America, showing endemic characteristics in some basins. It feeds basically on organic detritus, benton organisms, and artificial feeds. The purpose of this study was to test three stocking densities (0.5, 0.75, and 1 fry/L and diets with two different crude protein levels (35 and 40% CP on the growth parameters and survival rate of curimbatá, Prochilodus scrofa. Larvae were stocked in 100L aquaria containing 60L, supplied with continuous water flow coming from an artesian well. There was a significant effect (P<0.05 of the 40% CP diet on growth (body weight = 1.66g ± 0.21 of fish stocked at 0.5 fry/L, at the 30th experimental day. At the 68th day, fish fed the 40% CP diet achieved the highest (P < 0.05 final body weight (2.50g ± 0.40, and

  10. Estudios de impacto ambiental y sus tendencias en Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hernández Luis Alfredo

    1994-12-01

    nueva Constitución de la República y el Decreto Ley 99 de 1993 (Creación del Ministerio del

    Medio Ambiente, promulgan que los EIA incluyan lo referente a deberes y derechos ciudadanos y los Fundamentos de Política Ambiental, respectivamente. En forma general, se destaca la importancia y contenido de los EIA en cualquier acción antrópica tendiente a intervenir o modificar los componentes ambientales y sus relaciones entre sí, se incorporan los costos ambientales y se exigen a los proyectos alternativas técnicas tendientes a ejecutar aquéllos de menor efecto ambiental, así sean los más costosos. Además, permiten una ingerencia más decisiva de la administración territorial y/o corporativa en proyectos de desarrollo; se destaca el papel de la Procuraduría, Contraloría y Defensoría del pueblo en el control y reposición ambiental y, sobre todo, la participación ciudadana o gremial en la decisión del otorgamiento de licencias ambientales. Otro aspecto importante lo constituye la planificación ambiental del país, como base el ordenamiento territorial.

  11. El anisakis y sus enfermedades como enfermedad profesional

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Manuel Vicente Pardo

    , elaboración o preparación del pescado contaminado. Describimos en este artículo las enfermedades por anisakis, los trabajos de riesgo, las características que debieran reunir para ser enfermedad profesional y dos casos ilustrativos cuya consideración lo fue como esta contingencia laboral. Conclusión: Las enfermedades por anisakis y su consideración como enfermedad profesional, viene sujeta a la propia definición de lo que se considera así en nuestra norma legal, es decir que sea una enfermedad contraída como consecuencia del trabajo, en las actividades que se describen en el cuadro de enfermedades profesionales y por la acción del agente o sus sustancias que se recogen en el anexo I del actual cuadro. Además para que se admita como enfermedad profesional debemos de tener un diagnóstico firme (encuadrado en el cuadro de enfermedad profesional, un agente causal (recogido en el listado y una exposición al anisakis desarrollada en el ejercicio del trabajo (actividades recogidas en el listado. El listado o cuadro de enfermedad profesional es un sistema cerrado para agentes causales y enfermedades causadas, y la adscripción no es fácil. La parasitación tendría cabida en el grupo de enfermedades por agentes biológicos, la alergia podría discutirse su adscripción pero suele recogerse también en este grupo, el asma lo recogeríamos en el grupo de enfermedades respiratorias (causadas por inhalación dice el texto legal y las manifestaciones dérmicas en el grupo de las enfermedades profesionales de la piel. La exposición laboral al anisakis, es necesaria e imprescindible para que el proceso sea calificado de enfermedad profesional, pero esta exposición no siempre estará bien delimitada, y sin embargo debe estar probada. Puede haber existido una sensibilización fuera del trabajo y una aparición o desarrollo de la enfermedad por reiterada exposición o contacto con el anisakis en el trabajo lo que dificultará su calificación ocupacional.

  12. O SUS nos seus 20 anos: reflexões num contexto de mudanças Twenty years of SUS: reflections in a context of changes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Georgia Costa de Araújo Souza

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available A partir de uma breve retrospectiva sobre o direito à saúde conquistado pelo cidadão brasileiro, este artigo tem como objetivo discorrer sobre o Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS ao longo da sua trajetória de 20 anos, destacando em forma de análise crítica os avanços conquistados na saúde e os desafios a serem superados. São discutidas as temáticas do direito à saúde como responsabilidade do Estado a partir da Conferência de Alma-Ata, da Constituição Federal e das Leis Orgânicas da Saúde; as diretrizes do SUS envolvendo as competências da União, do Estado e do Município. Discute ainda a importância da Estratégia Saúde da Família na consolidação da Atenção Básica no Brasil, as dificuldades do processo de regionalização e o papel da gestão e da participação social como bases para a construção do SUS que queremos.From a brief review of the right to healthcare won by the Brazilian citizens, this article aims to discuss Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS - National Health System throughout its trajectory of 20 years, providing a critical review of the progress achieved in healthcare and the challenges to be overcome. It discusses the issues of: the right to healthcare as the State's responsibility based on the Alma-Ata Conference, the Federal Constitution and the Organic Laws on Health; SUS guidelines involving the competences of the Union, States and Municipalities. It also approaches the importance of the Family Health Strategy for the consolidation of Primary Care in Brazil, the difficulties in the process of regional health planning, and the role of management and social participation as the bases for the construction of the SUS we want.

  13. Perception of health’s academics about the unified health system (SUS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pâmela Billig Mello

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to investigate the perceptions of health’s students of University of Cruz Alta -RS about the Brazilian Health Public System (SUS. The sample consisted of one hundred and sixteen students, most between 18 and 20 years (53% who answered a questionnaire with open and closed questions. Among the main results we verified that: 60.8% of students do not have private health plan, being dependent of SUS, the majority (87.9% identified the SUS as a set of actions and free health services, but other students do confusion between SUS and the brazilian social security system, 27.1% see the SUS as a system focused on low-income people, 95.2% had never attended a meeting of the Municipal Council Health and 44% believe that those who exercise SUS’s social control is the government. We verified realized difficulty that students have to define and insert into your professional practice important concepts of public health; we verify, thus, the importance of implementation of public policies that involve higher education institutions and enable the transformation of these ideas.

  14. An evaluation of designed Start-up System (SUS) for once-through steam generators

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yu, Dali; Peng, Minjun; Xia, Genglei; Mao, Wanchao; Yang, Yang

    2014-01-01

    Highlights: • Four SUS solutions are established to help reactors complete the start-up process. • Solutions C and D lead to superior behaved than Solutions A and B. • Solution C is fit for propulsion reactors and Solution D for nuclear power reactors. - Abstract: In this paper, we report on research that has been carried out both on the comparison and evaluation of four designed Start-up Systems (SUSs), which are proposed to improve reliability and economy during the reactor start-up process. Firstly, four SUS solutions are established to satisfy demands and detailed descriptions are introduced. Then, four reactor systems, which include SUS, are modeled by the estimate code JTopmeret. Furthermore besides, the JTopmeret code is validated for the once-through steam generators (OTSG). Finally, the behaviors of SUS and the steady and transient performance of OTSG are investigated. The results show that the designed SUS can successfully improve the economy and the OTSG operational safety. Suggestion is made in this paper to apply Solution C in propulsion-purposed reactors, and Solution D in nuclear power reactors

  15. Weldability of dissimilar joint between F82H and SUS316L under fiber laser welding

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Serizawa, Hisashi [Joining and Welding Research Institute, Osaka University, 11-1 Mihogaoka, Ibaraki, Osaka 567-0047 (Japan); Mori, Daiki; Shirai, Yuma; Ogiwara, Hiroyuki; Mori, Hiroaki [Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, 2-1 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871 (Japan)

    2013-10-15

    Highlights: • The microstructure of F82H/SUS316L dissimilar joint can be divided into four regions. • In the case without beam position shift, hardness of WM cannot be reduced by PWHT. • The fiber laser welding would be applicable for constructing the dissimilar joint. -- Abstract: As one of the high beam quality heat sources, 4 kW fiber laser was applied for joining between reduced activation ferritic/martensitic steel, F82H and SUS316L austenitic stainless steel, and the microstructural analyses and Vickers hardness measurements were carried out before and after post-weld heat treatment (PWHT). The microstructure of joint can be divided into four regions which are base metal of F82H, heat affected zone (HAZ) in F82H, weld metal (WM) and base metal of SUS316L. Also, it is revealed that the high-power fiber laser can be employed for constructing butt joint between F82H and SUS316L by applying PWHT and shifting the laser beam position to SUS316L, where the distance between the contact face and beam should be set as a range from radius to diameter of laser beam.

  16. La labor preventiva en la familia de alumnos que no cumplen con sus deberes escolares

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deyanira de la Cruz-García

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available En la sociedad cubana, la educación de la familia es uno de los modos de formación de la joven generación. De ello se infiere que el trabajo a realizar con los padres es muy importante, en especial con los que tienen hijos en edades tempranas y preescolares, donde se hace sentir con mayor fuerza la influencia de la acción modeladora en la conducta y sus relaciones con la vida. Este artículo tiene como propósito orientar a las familias de menores que no cumplen con sus deberes escolares, acerca de las vías que pueden ser utilizadas para perfeccionar la educación que ejercen en sus hijos.

  17. Defect structures in nickel and SUS304SS formed by the collapse of cavitation bubbles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yoshiie, T., E-mail: yoshiie@rri.kyoto-u.ac.j [Research Reactor Institute, Kyoto University, Kumatori-cho, Sennan-gun, Osaka-fu 590-0494 (Japan); Sato, K.; Xu, Q. [Research Reactor Institute, Kyoto University, Kumatori-cho, Sennan-gun, Osaka-fu 590-0494 (Japan); Komatsu, M. [Research Reactor Institute, Kyoto University, Kumatori-cho, Sennan-gun, Osaka-fu 590-0494 (Japan); Hiroshima Institute of Technology, Saeki-ku, Hiroshima-ken 731-5193 (Japan); Futakawa, M.; Naoe, T. [Research Reactor Institute, Kyoto University, Kumatori-cho, Sennan-gun, Osaka-fu 590-0494 (Japan); J-PARC Center, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Tokai-mura, Ibaraki-ken 319-1195 (Japan); Kawai, M. [Research Reactor Institute, Kyoto University, Kumatori-cho, Sennan-gun, Osaka-fu 590-0494 (Japan); High Energy Accelerator Research Organization, Oho, Tsukuba-shi, Ibaraki-ken 305-0801 (Japan)

    2010-03-15

    A mercury target in high-power spallation neutron sources is subjected to pressure waves induced by a proton beam. The subsequent formation and collapse of cavitation bubbles lead to cavitation damage on the target vessel, especially the beam window. The cavitation damage in Ni and austenitic stainless steel SUS304SS were studied by using an electro-Magnetic IMpact Testing Machine (MIMTM) developed to simulate the damage. The existence of dislocations, stacking fault tetrahedra and vacancies was detected by positron annihilation lifetime measurements in Ni, and non-cellular dislocation structures were observed by transmission electron microscopy in Ni and SUS304SS. In addition, a high density of twins was observed in SUS304SS. These results were compared with those of high-speed compression tests using a high-speed projectile, proving that the cavitation damage caused by MIMTM corresponded to high-speed deformation.

  18. IDENTIFICATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF THE SUCROSE SYNTHASE 2 GENE (Sus2 IN DURUM WHEAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariateresa eVolpicella

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Sucrose transport is the central system for the allocation of carbon resources in vascular plants. Sucrose synthase, which reversibly catalyzes sucrose synthesis and cleavage, represents a key enzyme in the control of the flow of carbon into starch biosynthesis. In the present study the genomic identification and characterization of the Sus2-2A and Sus2-2B genes coding for sucrose synthase in durum wheat (cultivars Ciccio and Svevo is reported. The genes were analyzed for their expression in different tissues and at different seed maturation stages, in four tetraploid wheat genotypes (Svevo, Ciccio, Primadur and 5-BIL42. The activity of the encoded proteins was evaluated by specific activity assays on endosperm extracts and their structure established by modelling approaches. The combined results of SUS2 expression and activity levels were then considered in the light of their possible involvement in starch yield.

  19. Hijos adultos mayores al cuidado de sus padres, un fenómeno reciente

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Beatriz Zegers, PS.

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Es un hecho inédito en la historia de la humanidad que hijos que han llegado a la ancianidad cuiden de sus padres. Se mostrarán las particulares vicisitudes y desafíos que se plantean en el seno de la familia extensa cuando se trata de hijos adultos mayores quienes asumen la tarea de cuidar a sus padres, ya que éstas difieren de aquellas que se formulan cuando los hijos se encuentran en la adultez media. Si bien muchas familias se adaptan sin grandes sobresaltos a esta transición biográfica, otras se enfrentan a auténticas crisis. Distinguirlas puede ayudar a los profesionales de salud a manejar de mejor modo a sus pacientes y también ayudar a quienes se encuentran abocados a esta tarea.

  20. El láser CO2 y sus aplicaciones en oftalmología veterinaria

    OpenAIRE

    Torrubia, I.

    2012-01-01

    El LASER (Light Amplification by Stimulated Emision of Radiation) es una fuente de energía descubierta a finales de los años 50 que se emplea en multitud de campos y que ha evolucionado constantemente desde entonces, obteniéndose multitud de tipos de láser en función de la longitud de onda con la que se trabaje. Este gran avance no puede dejar de tener sus aplicaciones en la medicina. Este artículo hace una referencia básica sobre los diferentes tipos de láser y sus características, tratando ...

  1. El desarrollo psicomotor y sus alteraciones: entre lo normal y lo patológico

    OpenAIRE

    Agustina Vericat; Alicia Bibiana Orden

    2013-01-01

    El siguiente artículo discute aspectos propios del desarrollo psicomotor (DPM) y sus alteraciones, con especial énfasis en el retraso psicomotor. Se hace referencia a las clasificaciones diagnósticas para los problemas del desarrollo como el DSMIV y el CIE 10, y se analizan sus ventajas y desventajas. También se problematiza el concepto de normalidad en tanto sinónimo de promedio estadístico en el contexto de los problemas del DPM, para considerar su dinámica y variabilidad, evitando la oposi...

  2. Sus cuerpos, nuestras vidas: torso desnudo y mandil en la historia mixteca de la costa

    OpenAIRE

    Gómez-Montes, Liliana María

    2016-01-01

    En la región costera de Oaxaca, en México, hay diversos pueblos mixtecos que nos cuentan algo de su historia a través de sus formas de vestir. Hoy en día podemos encontrar en algunas de sus comunidades que las mujeres usan su pozahuanco (falda de algodón local, a rayas). Unas llevan el torso desnudo, otras lo han cubierto con un mandil de tela de algodón industrial. A través de entrevistas con las mujeres mayores del lugar he ido reconstruyendo su memoria colectiva acerca del proceso de tapar...

  3. Cirrosis hepática: medidas preventivas de algunas de sus complicaciones

    OpenAIRE

    A. Claudio L. Toledo, Dr.

    2010-01-01

    Cirrosis hepática es una enfermedad prevalente en el mundo. Su diagnóstico y tratamiento debe ser dominio de todo médico general e internista. En los últimos años han ocurrido notables avances en el diagnóstico, fisiopatología, tratamiento y en la identificación de factores pronósticos de cirrosis y de sus complicaciones mayores. Particular atención ha existido en desarrollar medidas preventivas de sus complicaciones como por ejemplo: hemorragia por várices esofágicas, peritonitis bacte...

  4. Integralidade, uma diretriz do SUS para a vigilância sanitária Integral care, a SUS (Brazilian Unified Health System guideline for the sanitary surveillance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gisele O'Dwyer

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available A vigilância sanitária atua através de práticas e objetos diversos e suas ações são orientadas pelos mesmos princípios e diretrizes do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS. Propusemos uma reflexão crítica sobre as condições de interação da prática de vigilância sanitária com uma proposição constitucional do SUS, a integralidade. Realizou-se uma análise baseada na Teoria da Estruturação, de Giddens, que considera a mobilização de recursos estruturais como uma dimensão de interação social que justifica a legitimação exercida pela sanção de normas. Foram ordenadas como categorias de análise: Visa e sua inserção no SUS; o princípio da integralidade e a Visa; e entraves políticos. A vigilância sanitária vem-se organizando a partir da Anvisa e atualmente assume novas responsabilidades sanitárias, entre elas a comunicação com a sociedade e ações de promoção da saúde. A discussão na literatura para a integralidade baseia-se no aspecto assistencial. A organização dos serviços nos diferentes entes federativos é o sentido de integralidade mais incorporado pela Visa. Os entraves políticos estão na renovação institucional, na arena de conflitos de interesses, na distância entre políticas formuladas e instituídas, e nas lacunas referentes à gestão do trabalho e à insuficiência do financiamento.The sanitary surveillance (Visa performs several practices, on different objects and its actions are guided by principles and guidelines of the SUS. It was done a critical reflection on the interaction conditions of practice in Visa, with a constitutional proposition of the SUS: integral care. The analysis was based on the theory of structuration (Giddens that considers mobilization of structural resources as dimensions of social interaction, which would justify the legitimacy exercised since the standards. Have been analyzed the following categories: Visa and its insertion within the SUS; the integral care and the

  5. L'echographie sus-pubienne dans les anomalies du premier ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    L'echographie sus-pubienne dans les anomalies du premier trimestre de la grossesse chez la femme a Lome a propos de 304 cas colliges au service de radiologie du chu-tokoin de Lome de Janvier 2005 a Decembre 2007.

  6. El docente investigador: su génesis teórica y sus rasgos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalia Campos Saborío

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available El propósito de este artículo es enunciar los rasgos que caracterizan al docente investigador. Para ello, me ubico en el contexto teórico, desde dónde conceptualizo sus calidades, a saber: visión de mundo, de paradigma curricular, y de investigación educativa

  7. Regional sustainability contrasts in Brazil as indicated by the Compass of Sustainability – CompasSus

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rodrigues-Filho, S.; Lindoso, D.P.; Bursztyn, M.; Brouwer, F.M.; Debortoli, N.; Castro, de V.M.

    2013-01-01

    The current need for assessing sustainable processes and states is a driving assumption for this article, having as objective to present preliminary results of a new assessment approach, the Compass of Sustainability (CompasSus), applied to administrative regions of Brazil. Its methodological

  8. La educación secundaria en Perú y sus profesores: cambios y continuidades

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jerson Chuquilin Cubas

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Desde el momento en el que se constituyó el nuevo Estado peruano independiente del poder político español, el poder estatal se encargó de fundar y normar la organización y funcionamiento de las instituciones que conforman lo que hoy se conoce como sistema educativo. Dentro de este proceso, la educación secundaria ha experimentado desarrollos peculiares que la diferencian de los otros niveles educativos en lo que se refiere a las instituciones en las que se imparte, sus propósitos, la formación de sus profesores, las posiciones instituidas y el sentido asignado al quehacer docente y directivo. Así, la educación secundaria nació ligada a la educación superior universitaria y al servicio de una minoría privilegiada. Sus profesores, de una élite privilegiada al servicio del proyecto homogeneizador del Estado, han transitado hacia una situación de deterioro de sus condiciones de vida y desvalorización de su trabajo.

  9. El migrante en Argentina y el acceso a sus derechos. Un breve recorrido por las normas, las políticas y sus historias

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abigail Gómez

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Diariamente llegan a Argentina inmigrantes provenientes de países vecinos, con deficiencias para acceder a sus derechos en su país de origen. El Estado argentino debió realizar diversas me- didas para protegerlos, sancionando normativa acorde a la incorporación de los Tratados y Pac- tos internacionales y realizando políticas y acciones públicas en clave de derechos humanos.Simultáneamente se pueden observar obstáculos a la hora de acceder efectivamente a esos derechos en pie de igualdad con los ciudadanos.Resulta pertinente analizar cómo estas personas ven satisfechos sus derechos al llegar al país utilizando, como estrategia metodológica, un estudio etnográfico.El análisis se dividirá en dos partes; se describirá cuáles son las herramientas con las que cuentan los migrantes a la hora de intentar acceder a esos derechos humanos básicos y se conocerá, mediante el análisis de fallos judiciales, entrevistas y documentos de ONGs abocadas a la temática, si efectivamente se cumple con la satisfacción de esos derechos.Como resultado se evidencia que si bien los inmigrantes encuentran en Argentina el acceso gratuito a las prestaciones que en sus países les es difícil alcanzar, existen insuficiencias cuanti- tativas y cualitativas de los servicios del Estado argentino, especialmente en el sistema sanitario y educativo.

  10. Budget Management Health System Only - SUS im Municipal Context: Analysis of Audit-SUS in PPA of Fortaleza and its Role in Social Control Strengthening

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lizziane Souza Queiroz Franco de Oliveira

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available The budget planning is the duty of every manager and fundamental for the implementation of key policies such as health. To implement them, it’s necessary to control the provision of these services; hence the importance of the audit. This article intends to, through documentary and bibliographic research, analyzing quantitative and qulitatively budgetary forecasting and execution aimed at audit’s actions - SUS, provideds for PPA/2014-2017 and LOA-2014, both the city of Fortaleza, in order to ascertain whether the municipal management performs its expenditure aimed at encouraging good planning and provide to society an efficient public management and responsive to social control.

  11. Development of nanostructured SUS316L-2%TiC with superior tensile properties

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sakamoto, T.; Kurishita, H.; Matsuo, S.; Arakawa, H.; Takahashi, S.; Tsuchida, M.; Kobayashi, S.; Nakai, K.; Terasawa, M.; Yamasaki, T.; Kawai, M.

    2015-01-01

    Structural materials used in radiation environments require radiation tolerance and sufficient mechanical properties in the controlled state. In order to offer SUS316L austenitic stainless steel with the assumed requirements, nanostructured SUS316L with TiC addition of 2% (SUS316L-2TiC) that is capable of exhibiting enhanced tensile ductility and flow strength sufficient for structural applications was fabricated by advanced powder metallurgical methods. The methods include MA (Mechanical Alloying), HIP (Hot Isostatic Pressing), GSMM (Grain boundary Sliding Microstructural Modification) for ductility enhancement, cold rolling at temperatures below M d (the temperature where the martensite phase occurs by plastic deformation) for phase transformation from austenite to martensite and heat treatment for reverse transformation from martensite to austenite. It is shown that the developed SUS316L-2TiC exhibits ultrafine grains with sizes of 90–270 nm, accompanied by TiC precipitates with 20–50 nm in grain interior and 70–110 nm at grain boundaries, yield strengths of 1850 to 900 MPa, tensile strengths of 1920 to 1100 MPa and uniform elongations of 0.6–21%, respectively, depending on the heat treatment temperature after rolling at −196 °C. - Highlights: • Nanostructured SUS316L-2%TiC exhibiting sufficient tensile ductility and strength is developed. • The development requires an advanced powder metallurgical route. • The route includes MA, HIP, GSMM and thermo-mechanical treatments for phase transformation. • The austenite grain sizes are 90–270 nm and TiC precipitates 20–50 nm in grain interior. • The tensile strength are 1100–1920 MPa and uniform elongation 0.6–21%.

  12. Comment: 100 [Taxonomy Icon

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available pig Sus scrofa domestica Sus_scrofa_domestica_L.png 100.png Public Domain ブタを大ヨークシャー種に差し替えました(写真 by Aono)。 ttamura 2009/05/10 21:48:01 ...

  13. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-HSAP-22-0015 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-HSAP-22-0015 ref|NP_001008684.1| melanin-concentrating hormone receptor 1 [Sus... scrofa] emb|CAI30143.1| melanin-concentrating hormone receptor 1 [Sus scrofa] NP_001008684.1 1e-07 78% ...

  14. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-DRER-03-0037 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-DRER-03-0037 ref|NP_001008684.1| melanin-concentrating hormone receptor 1 [Sus... scrofa] emb|CAI30143.1| melanin-concentrating hormone receptor 1 [Sus scrofa] NP_001008684.1 1e-108 59% ...

  15. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-MMUR-01-1296 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-MMUR-01-1296 ref|NP_001038074.1| melanin-concentrating hormone receptor 2 [Sus... scrofa] emb|CAJ55683.1| putative melanin concentrating hormone receptor 2 [Sus scrofa] NP_001038074.1 1e-161 84% ...

  16. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-PMAR-01-0752 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-PMAR-01-0752 ref|NP_001008684.1| melanin-concentrating hormone receptor 1 [Sus... scrofa] emb|CAI30143.1| melanin-concentrating hormone receptor 1 [Sus scrofa] NP_001008684.1 4e-42 43% ...

  17. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-MLUC-01-1005 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-MLUC-01-1005 ref|NP_001038074.1| melanin-concentrating hormone receptor 2 [Sus... scrofa] emb|CAJ55683.1| putative melanin concentrating hormone receptor 2 [Sus scrofa] NP_001038074.1 1e-136 86% ...

  18. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-BTAU-01-3030 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-BTAU-01-3030 ref|NP_001008684.1| melanin-concentrating hormone receptor 1 [Sus... scrofa] emb|CAI30143.1| melanin-concentrating hormone receptor 1 [Sus scrofa] NP_001008684.1 0.0 96% ...

  19. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-XTRO-01-3940 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-XTRO-01-3940 ref|NP_001008684.1| melanin-concentrating hormone receptor 1 [Sus... scrofa] emb|CAI30143.1| melanin-concentrating hormone receptor 1 [Sus scrofa] NP_001008684.1 1e-102 54% ...

  20. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-CJAC-01-0081 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-CJAC-01-0081 ref|NP_001038074.1| putative melanin concentrating hormone recept...or 2 [Sus scrofa] emb|CAJ55683.1| putative melanin concentrating hormone receptor 2 [Sus scrofa] NP_001038074.1 1e-177 89% ...

  1. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-TTRU-01-1057 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-TTRU-01-1057 ref|NP_001038074.1| melanin-concentrating hormone receptor 2 [Sus... scrofa] emb|CAJ55683.1| putative melanin concentrating hormone receptor 2 [Sus scrofa] NP_001038074.1 1e-165 84% ...

  2. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-TSYR-01-1188 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-TSYR-01-1188 ref|NP_001038074.1| melanin-concentrating hormone receptor 2 [Sus... scrofa] emb|CAJ55683.1| putative melanin concentrating hormone receptor 2 [Sus scrofa] NP_001038074.1 1e-146 87% ...

  3. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-PCAP-01-1445 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-PCAP-01-1445 ref|NP_001038074.1| melanin-concentrating hormone receptor 2 [Sus... scrofa] emb|CAJ55683.1| putative melanin concentrating hormone receptor 2 [Sus scrofa] NP_001038074.1 1e-170 87% ...

  4. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-MDOM-02-0341 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-MDOM-02-0341 ref|NP_001038074.1| melanin-concentrating hormone receptor 2 [Sus... scrofa] emb|CAJ55683.1| putative melanin concentrating hormone receptor 2 [Sus scrofa] NP_001038074.1 1e-156 79% ...

  5. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-PTRO-07-0072 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-PTRO-07-0072 ref|NP_001038074.1| putative melanin concentrating hormone recept...or 2 [Sus scrofa] emb|CAJ55683.1| putative melanin concentrating hormone receptor 2 [Sus scrofa] NP_001038074.1 1e-178 89% ...

  6. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-MEUG-01-1682 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-MEUG-01-1682 ref|NP_001038074.1| melanin-concentrating hormone receptor 2 [Sus... scrofa] emb|CAJ55683.1| putative melanin concentrating hormone receptor 2 [Sus scrofa] NP_001038074.1 1e-137 84% ...

  7. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-FCAT-01-0723 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-FCAT-01-0723 ref|NP_001008684.1| melanin-concentrating hormone receptor 1 [Sus... scrofa] emb|CAI30143.1| melanin-concentrating hormone receptor 1 [Sus scrofa] NP_001008684.1 0.0 95% ...

  8. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-LAFR-01-3535 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-LAFR-01-3535 ref|NP_001038074.1| putative melanin concentrating hormone recept...or 2 [Sus scrofa] emb|CAJ55683.1| putative melanin concentrating hormone receptor 2 [Sus scrofa] NP_001038074.1 1e-112 74% ...

  9. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-XTRO-01-2914 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-XTRO-01-2914 ref|NP_001038074.1| putative melanin concentrating hormone recept...or 2 [Sus scrofa] emb|CAJ55683.1| putative melanin concentrating hormone receptor 2 [Sus scrofa] NP_001038074.1 1e-144 72% ...

  10. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-GGOR-01-0987 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-GGOR-01-0987 ref|NP_001038074.1| melanin-concentrating hormone receptor 2 [Sus... scrofa] emb|CAJ55683.1| putative melanin concentrating hormone receptor 2 [Sus scrofa] NP_001038074.1 1e-108 85% ...

  11. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-RMAC-10-0034 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-RMAC-10-0034 ref|NP_001008684.1| melanin-concentrating hormone receptor 1 [Sus... scrofa] emb|CAI30143.1| melanin-concentrating hormone receptor 1 [Sus scrofa] NP_001008684.1 0.0 96% ...

  12. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-XTRO-01-3904 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-XTRO-01-3904 ref|NP_001008684.1| melanin-concentrating hormone receptor 1 [Sus... scrofa] emb|CAI30143.1| melanin-concentrating hormone receptor 1 [Sus scrofa] NP_001008684.1 1e-128 70% ...

  13. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-DRER-23-0004 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-DRER-23-0004 ref|NP_001008684.1| melanin-concentrating hormone receptor 1 [Sus... scrofa] emb|CAI30143.1| melanin-concentrating hormone receptor 1 [Sus scrofa] NP_001008684.1 0.004 24% ...

  14. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-PABE-07-0060 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-PABE-07-0060 ref|NP_001038074.1| putative melanin concentrating hormone recept...or 2 [Sus scrofa] emb|CAJ55683.1| putative melanin concentrating hormone receptor 2 [Sus scrofa] NP_001038074.1 1e-180 90% ...

  15. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-DRER-16-0068 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-DRER-16-0068 ref|NP_001038074.1| putative melanin concentrating hormone recept...or 2 [Sus scrofa] emb|CAJ55683.1| putative melanin concentrating hormone receptor 2 [Sus scrofa] NP_001038074.1 1e-121 66% ...

  16. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-OANA-01-2128 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-OANA-01-2128 ref|NP_001038074.1| putative melanin concentrating hormone recept...or 2 [Sus scrofa] emb|CAJ55683.1| putative melanin concentrating hormone receptor 2 [Sus scrofa] NP_001038074.1 1e-155 77% ...

  17. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-PHAM-01-1272 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-PHAM-01-1272 ref|NP_001038074.1| melanin-concentrating hormone receptor 2 [Sus... scrofa] emb|CAJ55683.1| putative melanin concentrating hormone receptor 2 [Sus scrofa] NP_001038074.1 1e-119 87% ...

  18. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-VPAC-01-1568 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-VPAC-01-1568 ref|NP_001038074.1| melanin-concentrating hormone receptor 2 [Sus... scrofa] emb|CAJ55683.1| putative melanin concentrating hormone receptor 2 [Sus scrofa] NP_001038074.1 1e-166 87% ...

  19. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-HSAP-06-0078 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-HSAP-06-0078 ref|NP_001038074.1| putative melanin concentrating hormone recept...or 2 [Sus scrofa] emb|CAJ55683.1| putative melanin concentrating hormone receptor 2 [Sus scrofa] NP_001038074.1 1e-178 89% ...

  20. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-TBEL-01-2041 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-TBEL-01-2041 ref|NP_001038074.1| putative melanin concentrating hormone recept...or 2 [Sus scrofa] emb|CAJ55683.1| putative melanin concentrating hormone receptor 2 [Sus scrofa] NP_001038074.1 1e-124 90% ...

  1. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-STRI-01-2573 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-STRI-01-2573 ref|NP_001038074.1| melanin-concentrating hormone receptor 2 [Sus... scrofa] emb|CAJ55683.1| putative melanin concentrating hormone receptor 2 [Sus scrofa] NP_001038074.1 1e-117 76% ...

  2. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-BTAU-01-2271 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-BTAU-01-2271 ref|NP_001038074.1| putative melanin concentrating hormone recept...or 2 [Sus scrofa] emb|CAJ55683.1| putative melanin concentrating hormone receptor 2 [Sus scrofa] NP_001038074.1 1e-153 79% ...

  3. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-SARA-01-1922 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-SARA-01-1922 ref|NP_001038074.1| putative melanin concentrating hormone recept...or 2 [Sus scrofa] emb|CAJ55683.1| putative melanin concentrating hormone receptor 2 [Sus scrofa] NP_001038074.1 1e-129 73% ...

  4. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-CFAM-12-0019 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-CFAM-12-0019 ref|NP_001038074.1| putative melanin concentrating hormone recept...or 2 [Sus scrofa] emb|CAJ55683.1| putative melanin concentrating hormone receptor 2 [Sus scrofa] NP_001038074.1 1e-173 91% ...

  5. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-RMAC-04-0054 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-RMAC-04-0054 ref|NP_001038074.1| putative melanin concentrating hormone recept...or 2 [Sus scrofa] emb|CAJ55683.1| putative melanin concentrating hormone receptor 2 [Sus scrofa] NP_001038074.1 1e-179 90% ...

  6. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-OGAR-01-0872 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-OGAR-01-0872 ref|NP_001038074.1| putative melanin concentrating hormone recept...or 2 [Sus scrofa] emb|CAJ55683.1| putative melanin concentrating hormone receptor 2 [Sus scrofa] NP_001038074.1 1e-171 89% ...

  7. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-MDOM-02-0054 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-MDOM-02-0054 ref|NP_001136139.1| feline leukemia virus subgroup A receptor [Su...s scrofa] gb|ACJ60911.1| feline leukemia virus subgroup A receptor [Sus scrofa] NP_001136139.1 0.0 86% ...

  8. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-TTRU-01-1141 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-TTRU-01-1141 ref|NP_001136139.1| feline leukemia virus subgroup A receptor [Su...s scrofa] gb|ACJ60911.1| feline leukemia virus subgroup A receptor [Sus scrofa] NP_001136139.1 0.0 87% ...

  9. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-VPAC-01-1231 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-VPAC-01-1231 ref|NP_001136139.1| feline leukemia virus subgroup A receptor [Su...s scrofa] gb|ACJ60911.1| feline leukemia virus subgroup A receptor [Sus scrofa] NP_001136139.1 0.0 80% ...

  10. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-PHAM-01-1321 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-PHAM-01-1321 ref|NP_001136139.1| feline leukemia virus subgroup A receptor [Su...s scrofa] gb|ACJ60911.1| feline leukemia virus subgroup A receptor [Sus scrofa] NP_001136139.1 0.0 92% ...

  11. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-MLUC-01-1101 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-MLUC-01-1101 ref|NP_001136139.1| feline leukemia virus subgroup A receptor [Su...s scrofa] gb|ACJ60911.1| feline leukemia virus subgroup A receptor [Sus scrofa] NP_001136139.1 0.0 89% ...

  12. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-MMUR-01-1330 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-MMUR-01-1330 ref|NP_001136139.1| feline leukemia virus subgroup A receptor [Su...s scrofa] gb|ACJ60911.1| feline leukemia virus subgroup A receptor [Sus scrofa] NP_001136139.1 1e-100 91% ...

  13. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-STRI-01-0405 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-STRI-01-0405 ref|NP_001136139.1| feline leukemia virus subgroup A receptor [Su...s scrofa] gb|ACJ60911.1| feline leukemia virus subgroup A receptor [Sus scrofa] NP_001136139.1 0.0 89% ...

  14. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-TSYR-01-0089 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-TSYR-01-0089 ref|NP_001136139.1| feline leukemia virus subgroup A receptor [Su...s scrofa] gb|ACJ60911.1| feline leukemia virus subgroup A receptor [Sus scrofa] NP_001136139.1 0.0 90% ...

  15. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-PVAM-01-1454 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-PVAM-01-1454 ref|NP_001136139.1| feline leukemia virus subgroup A receptor [Su...s scrofa] gb|ACJ60911.1| feline leukemia virus subgroup A receptor [Sus scrofa] NP_001136139.1 0.0 88% ...

  16. Deliverable D4.5. Failure Mode and Effect Analysis for 100% waste concrete. SUS-CON

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Visser, J.H.M.

    2014-01-01

    On January 1st 2012, the European project SUS-CON has been started: “SUStainable, innovative and energy efficient CONcrete, based on the integration of all waste materials” (grant agreement no: 285463). The SUS-CON project aims at developing new technology routes to integrate waste materials in the

  17. Estudio de factibilidad para la implementación de una granja orgánica de producción y comercialización de carne de cerdo (Sus scrofa domestica), cuyes (Cavia porcellus) y gallinas (Gallus gallus domesticus) para las ciudades de Tabacundo y Cayambe-Ecuador

    OpenAIRE

    Cobacango Catucuago, María Susana; Pazmiño Chicaiza, Samuel Eliecer

    2012-01-01

    In recent years, the consumption of organic food has captivated the interest of producers and consumers primarily due to the tendency of people to know the origin and traceability of what they consume. Thus within the community of San Pablito Agualongo, we conducted the present feasibility study, through which it will offer the residents of the cities of Tabacundo and Cayambe, an organic meat product, based on respect for the animal to it grows naturally, followed by appropr...

  18. Nem tudo que parece ser, é lesão: aspectos anatômicos, não lesões, artefatos, lesões sem significado clínico e alterações post mortem encontrados na necropsia de suínos domésticos e selvagens (Sus scrofa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raquel R. Rech

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available A interpretação das alterações encontradas na necropsia é uma etapa importante para o sucesso do diagnóstico final. Este trabalho tem como objetivo descrever e ilustrar os aspectos anatômicos, não lesões, artefatos, lesões sem significado clínico e alterações post mortem encontradas em suínos domésticos e selvagens. Além disso, também se recomenda técnicas de colheita de tecidos para o diagnóstico de doenças que acometem essa espécie. Os principais aspectos anatômicos e não lesões descritos são fímbrias linguais, quadrilátero esofágico, toro pilórico e demarcação do padrão lobular do fígado (sistema gastrintestinal; tonsilas do palato mole, tecido linfoide associado ao estômago, placas de Peyer do intestino delgado e dobras da margem do baço (sistema hematopoiético; mediastino proeminente do testículo e aréolas da placenta (sistema reprodutor; atelectasia pulmonar e apêndice decidual (feto; e glândulas carpais (sistema tegumentar. Os artefatos de eutanásia abordados são petéquias na superfície do pulmão e rim, falsa anemia por sangria, hemorragia subdural por concussão cerebral, pseudo-infartos do baço e aspecto cerebriforme do intestino delgado. As lesões de pouco significado clínico descritas são cistos renais, linfonodos com pigmento de ferro, papilomas e hemangiomas no escroto, ossos no mesentério e hiperemia da mucosa gástrica. As alterações post mortem comumente encontradas são livor mortis, músculos pálidos, pseudomelanose e líquido serosanguinolento nas cavidades torácica e abdominal em fetos.

  19. Structure of BT-3984, a member of the SusD/RagB family of nutrient-binding molecules

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bakolitsa, Constantina; Xu, Qingping; Rife, Christopher L.; Abdubek, Polat; Astakhova, Tamara; Axelrod, Herbert L.; Carlton, Dennis; Chen, Connie; Chiu, Hsiu-Ju; Clayton, Thomas; Das, Debanu; Deller, Marc C.; Duan, Lian; Ellrott, Kyle; Farr, Carol L.; Feuerhelm, Julie; Grant, Joanna C.; Grzechnik, Anna; Han, Gye Won; Jaroszewski, Lukasz; Jin, Kevin K.; Klock, Heath E.; Knuth, Mark W.; Kozbial, Piotr; Krishna, S. Sri; Kumar, Abhinav; Lam, Winnie W.; Marciano, David; McMullan, Daniel; Miller, Mitchell D.; Morse, Andrew T.; Nigoghossian, Edward; Nopakun, Amanda; Okach, Linda; Puckett, Christina; Reyes, Ron; Tien, Henry J.; Trame, Christine B.; Bedem, Henry van den; Weekes, Dana; Hodgson, Keith O.; Wooley, John; Elsliger, Marc-André; Deacon, Ashley M.; Godzik, Adam; Lesley, Scott A.; Wilson, Ian A.

    2010-01-01

    The crystal structure of BT-3984, a SusD-family protein, reveals a TPR N-terminal region providing support for a loop-rich C-terminal subdomain and suggests possible interfaces involved in sus complex formation. The crystal structure of the Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron protein BT-3984 was determined to a resolution of 1.7 Å and was the first structure to be determined from the extensive SusD family of polysaccharide-binding proteins. SusD is an essential component of the sus operon that defines the paradigm for glycan utilization in dominant members of the human gut microbiota. Structural analysis of BT-3984 revealed an N-terminal region containing several tetratricopeptide repeats (TPRs), while the signature C-terminal region is less structured and contains extensive loop regions. Sequence and structure analysis of BT-3984 suggests the presence of binding interfaces for other proteins from the polysaccharide-utilization complex

  20. El Capitalismo y sus crisis. Se pueden comparar las grandes crisis de 1873, 1929 y 2008?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dominique Plihon

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available El capitalismo ha generado una amplia serie de crisis, de las cuales se destacan la de 1873, 1929 y 2008 ya que no solo implican el ámbito económico, por lo que se les puede definir como sistémicas. En la presente colaboración se analizan cuáles fueron sus orígenes, mecanismos, agentes y explicaciones y finalmente a que instrumentos se recurrió para hacerles frente. Lo que permite ver sus semejanzas y diferencias, etc., y así tener una perspectiva más amplia de la crisis por la que atraviesa la economía global. Traducción del francés al español por Eugenia Correa para Ola Financiera.

  1. A systematic review of the process of regionalization of Brazil's Unified Health System, SUS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mello, Guilherme Arantes; Pereira, Ana Paula Chancharulo de Morais; Uchimura, Liza Yurie Teruya; Iozzi, Fabíola Lana; Demarzo, Marcelo Marcos Piva; Viana, Ana Luiza d'Ávila

    2017-04-01

    This review focuses only on specific studies into the SUS regionalization process, which were based on empirical results and published since 2006, when the SUS was already under the aegis of the Pact for Health framework. It was found that the regionalization process is now underway in all spheres of government, subject to a set of challenges common to the different realities of the country. These include, primarily, that committee-structured entities are valued as spaces for innovation, yet also strive to overcome the bureaucratic and clientelist political culture. Regional governance is further hampered by the fragmentation of the system and, in particular, by the historical deficiency in planning, from the local level to the strategic policies for technology incorporation. The analyses enabled the identification of a culture of broad privilege for political negotiation, to the detriment of planning, as one of the main factors responsible for a vicious circle that sustains technical deficiency in management.

  2. Replacing SUs with incretin-based therapies for type 2 diabetes mellitus: challenges and feasibility

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knop, Filip K; Holst, Jens Juul; Vilsbøll, Tina

    2008-01-01

    , these effects result in hyperglycemia. In 1958, sulfonylurea (SU) was introduced to the market as one of the first oral treatments for T2DM. Since then, the ability of SU to stimulate the release of insulin from pancreatic beta-cells by the closure of ATP-sensitive K+-channels has been employed as one...... of the most widespread treatment options for T2DM. However, SUs are associated with weight gain and a risk of hypoglycemia, and the one-track antidiabetic mechanism of SUs often results in patients being treated with additional antidiabetic drugs. In recent studies, SU has proven to be associated...... with increased beta-cell apoptosis, suggesting that SU may actually accelerate the progressive decrease in beta-cell mass, thereby promoting the need for insulin replacement. In contrast, the newly developed incretin-based therapies for T2DM employ the beta-cell-preserving properties of incretin hormones...

  3. LA CONCILIACIÓN PREPROCESAL EN EL SISTEMA PENAL ACUSATORIO Y SUS PRINCIPALES APORTES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dayana Becerra

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available La aproximación que se efectúa en el presente estudio, inicia con un acercamiento al concepto de conciliación como mecanismo alternativo de resolución de conflictos, estableciendo los rasgos generales de esta figura; para posteriormente analizar el antecedente inmediato de la conciliación preprocesal en la ley 600 de 2.000, que abrió camino para concederle en materia penal a este mecanismo mayor importancia. Subsiguientemente se profundiza en la conciliación preprocesal consagrada expresamente en la ley 906 de 2004, y se analizan los cambios generados, para así conocer sus características, y determinar sus principales aportes, en el marco del sistema penal acusatorio.

  4. Replacing SUs with incretin-based therapies for type 2 diabetes mellitus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knop, Filip K; Holst, Jens Juul; Vilsbøll, Tina

    2008-01-01

    Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a progressive disease characterized by insulin resistance, a steady decline in glucose-induced insulin secretion (most likely caused by a progressive decrease in functional beta-cell mass), and inappropriately regulated glucagon secretion; in combination......, these effects result in hyperglycemia. In 1958, sulfonylurea (SU) was introduced to the market as one of the first oral treatments for T2DM. Since then, the ability of SU to stimulate the release of insulin from pancreatic beta-cells by the closure of ATP-sensitive K+-channels has been employed as one...... of the most widespread treatment options for T2DM. However, SUs are associated with weight gain and a risk of hypoglycemia, and the one-track antidiabetic mechanism of SUs often results in patients being treated with additional antidiabetic drugs. In recent studies, SU has proven to be associated...

  5. El desarrollo psicomotor y sus alteraciones: entre lo normal y lo patológico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agustina Vericat

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available El siguiente artículo discute aspectos propios del desarrollo psicomotor (DPM y sus alteraciones, con especial énfasis en el retraso psicomotor. Se hace referencia a las clasificaciones diagnósticas para los problemas del desarrollo como el DSMIV y el CIE 10, y se analizan sus ventajas y desventajas. También se problematiza el concepto de normalidad en tanto sinónimo de promedio estadístico en el contexto de los problemas del DPM, para considerar su dinámica y variabilidad, evitando la oposición normalidad/patología, y valorando aspectos como el sociocultural que permiten repensar la universalidad y la relatividad del DPM.

  6. Representaciones y sus impactos: el caso de los lacandones en la Selva Lacandona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tim Trench

    2005-02-01

    Full Text Available Las representaciones “positivas” de los lacandones les ofrecen ventajas claras a corto plazo, confiriendo cierto capital simbólico y político en sus relaciones con foráneos y en sus diversas luchas, además de variados beneficios económicos. Pero, a final de cuentas, es cuestionable si su imagen como pueblo “originario” y conservacionista “innato” les ayude en el largo plazo, ya que forma parte de un discurso fundamentalmente colonialista y puede limitar las oportunidades de las comunidades lacandonas a decidir su futuro y definir el carácter de su inserción en la sociedad nacional.

  7. Biochemical and Molecular Characterization of RcSUS1, a Cytosolic Sucrose Synthase Phosphorylated in Vivo at Serine 11 in Developing Castor Oil Seeds*

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fedosejevs, Eric T.; Ying, Sheng; Park, Joonho; Anderson, Erin M.; Mullen, Robert T.; She, Yi-Min; Plaxton, William C.

    2014-01-01

    Sucrose synthase (SUS) catalyzes the UDP-dependent cleavage of sucrose into UDP-glucose and fructose and has become an important target for improving seed crops via metabolic engineering. A UDP-specific SUS homotetramer composed of 93-kDa subunits was purified to homogeneity from the triacylglyceride-rich endosperm of developing castor oil seeds (COS) and identified as RcSUS1 by mass spectrometry. RcSUS1 transcripts peaked during early development, whereas levels of SUS activity and immunoreactive 93-kDa SUS polypeptides maximized during mid-development, becoming undetectable in fully mature COS. The cytosolic location of the enzyme was established following transient expression of RcSUS1-enhanced YFP in tobacco suspension cells and fluorescence microscopy. Immunological studies using anti-phosphosite-specific antibodies revealed dynamic and high stoichiometric in vivo phosphorylation of RcSUS1 at its conserved Ser-11 residue during COS development. Incorporation of 32Pi from [γ-32P]ATP into a RcSUS1 peptide substrate, alongside a phosphosite-specific ELISA assay, established the presence of calcium-dependent RcSUS1 (Ser-11) kinase activity. Approximately 10% of RcSUS1 was associated with COS microsomal membranes and was hypophosphorylated relative to the remainder of RcSUS1 that partitioned into the soluble, cytosolic fraction. Elimination of sucrose supply caused by excision of intact pods of developing COS abolished RcSUS1 transcription while triggering the progressive dephosphorylation of RcSUS1 in planta. This did not influence the proportion of RcSUS1 associated with microsomal membranes but instead correlated with a subsequent marked decline in SUS activity and immunoreactive RcSUS1 polypeptides. Phosphorylation at Ser-11 appears to protect RcSUS1 from proteolysis, rather than influence its kinetic properties or partitioning between the soluble cytosol and microsomal membranes. PMID:25313400

  8. La cuenca del Río Pardo (Brasil y sus estrategias de desarrollo rural sostenible

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wanderleia Elizabeth Brinckmann

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available La finalidad del presente artículo consiste en estudiar el cuadro socioeconómico y ambiental de la agricultura familiar en la Cuenca Hidrográfica del Río Pardo, Brasil. Se busca analizar la producción agroecológica, sus dificultades y potencialidades. El análisis se refiere a las estrategias de desarrollo rural sostenible en curso en la Cuenca Hidrográfica del Río Pardo.

  9. REINO, POLÍTICA Y MISIÓN. SUS RELACIONES EN PERSPECTIVA LATINOAMERICANA (RESEÑA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hilario Wynarzcyk

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Recientemente ha sido salido el libro “Reino, política y misión, sus relaciones en perspectiva latinoamericana”, escrito por Alberto Roldán y publicado por Ediciones Puma, sello del Centro de Investigaciones y Publicaciones(CENIP, de Lima, Perú. El autor es argentino, profesor de teología en la ciudad de Buenos Aires.

  10. Uso de derivados de quinazollnas y sus composiciones farmacéuticas en enfermedades neurodegenerativas

    OpenAIRE

    Martínez, Ana; Redondo, Miriam; Sanz-SanCristóbal, Marina; Gil, Carmen; Morales-García, José A.; Pérez Castillo, Ana; Pérez Martín, María Concepción

    2009-01-01

    Uso de derivados de quinazolinas y sus composiciones farmacéuticas en enfermedades neurodegenerativas. La invención se refiere a derivados heterocíclicos de quinazolinas y a su potencial para el tratamiento de enfermedades neurodegenerativas y/o neurológicas, entre otras la enfermedad de Parkinson, enfermedad de Alzheimer o esclerosis. Además, la invención se refiere a composiciones farmacéuticas que comprenden dichos compuestos derivados de quinazolinas.

  11. Necesidades sanitarias de las personas con discapacidad intelectual y sus familias

    OpenAIRE

    Muñoz, J.

    2005-01-01

    La salud es un derecho humano fundamental. Las personas con discapacidad intelectual y sus familias afrontan una gran cantidad de barreras cuando acceden a los servicios sanitarios. La falta de acceso a estos servicios coloca a las personas con discapacidad intelectual en serias desventajas sociales. Las barreras que las personas con discapacidad intelectual encuentran en los servicios sanitarios les hacen más vulnerables a la enfermedad. Los profesionales de los hospitales y centros de salud...

  12. A homeopatia no SUS na perspectiva de estudantes da área da saúde

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gecioni Loch-Neckel

    Full Text Available A homeopatia foi reconhecida como especialidade médica em 1980. Após a criação do SUS, alguns estados e municípios brasileiros começaram a oferecer atendimento homeopático aos usuários dos serviços públicos de saúde. Em 2006, foi editada a Portaria 971, que assegura o acesso à homeopatia a estes usuários, entre outras práticas integrativas e complementares. Diante disto, investigamos as percepções de estudantes dos cursos de Farmácia, Medicina e Odontologia sobre a homeopatia e sua prática no SUS, tendo por fundamento a teoria das representações sociais. Estas representações foram construídas com os seguintes parâmetros: a homeopatia como terapêutica; a relação entre a homeopatia, o SUS e o princípio da integralidade. Os estudantes souberam correlacionar o atendimento integral ao sujeito à compreensão de suas necessidades a partir de sua realidade. Constatou-se desconhecimento sobre os pressupostos teóricos da homeopatia e o não reconhecimento da incorporação da homeopatia no SUS, para a maioria dos estudantes. Pode ser sugerido que a inserção dos futuros profissionais no contexto das atividades em saúde e o acesso a outras racionalidades permitiriam uma escolha mais lúcida de suas práticas profissionais.

  13. SUS in nuclear medicine in Brazil: analysis and comparison of data provided by Datasus and CNEN.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pozzo, Lorena; Coura Filho, George; Osso Júnior, João Alberto; Squair, Peterson Lima

    2014-01-01

    To investigate the outpatient access to nuclear medicine procedures by means of the Brazilian Unified Health System (SUS), analyzing the correspondence between data provided by this system and those from Comissão Nacional de Energia Nuclear (CNEN) (National Commission of Nuclear Energy). Data provided by Datasus regarding number of scintillation chambers, outpatient procedures performed from 2008 to 2012, administrative responsibility for such procedures, type of service providers and outsourced services were retrieved and evaluated. Also, such data were compared with those from institutions certified by CNEN. The present study demonstrated that the system still lacks maturity in terms of correct data input, particularly regarding equipment available. It was possible to list the most common procedures and check the growth of the specialty along the study period. Private centers are responsible for most of the procedures covered and reimbursed by SUS. However, many healthcare facilities are not certified by CNEN. Datasus provides relevant data for analysis as done in the present study, although some issues still require attention. The present study has quantitatively depicted the Brazilian reality regarding access to nuclear medicine procedures offered by/for SUS.

  14. Healthcare regions and their care networks: an organizational-systemic model for SUS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santos, Lenir

    2017-04-01

    This paper describes a comprehensive effort to develop studies regarding Brazil's Unified Healthcare System (SUS), as a result of the combination of public services in a network that follows a region-based rationale (tripartite organization). The SUS emerges from such an integration and should be organized as such. The intention is to demonstrate that this type of organization is essential, given that Brazil is organized as a Federation, and all three governmental levels are, in a broad sense, equally responsible for healthcare. Healthcare services and actions are a complex set of activities that are interconnected on behalf of citizen health, which is a global concept that cannot be split up. Services must follow this rationale and be organized as such. Thus, healthcare services must be systematically organized to serve everyone equally, regardless of where a citizen lives. This systemic organization requires permanent interaction between federative units to discuss and operationalize reference services, funding and other technical and administrative aspects. These are the essential elements that make the SUS so complex and demand it be organized regionally, as a network of healthcare services.

  15. De las perturbadoras y conflictivas relaciones de los bogotanos con sus aguas

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    Ana María Carreira

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available el propósito de este texto es dar cuenta de la desligación entre el ser y su estar, manifestado históricamente en la ciudad de Bogotá desde su fundación en 1538 hasta nuestros días. Las aguas son parte de ese estar en el territorio y genera formas de ser. La indiferencia y el abandono de los ríos expresado a través de la contaminación, entubamiento, y sus consecuencias: inundaciones, olores fétidos, desbordes, escasez, son imágenes que no contribuyen a construir ese ser a partir del estar en el territorio. Para rastrear esta desligación entre los bogotanos y sus cuarenta y nueve corrientes de agua, presentamos los momentos claves de esta relación, desde la concepción poética del agua que crearon los primeros habitantes de la sabana, el quiebre sufrido con la fundación de la ciudad y el inicio de un proceso donde el agua se asume como recurso, prevaleciendo el interés por explotarla. De este modo, Bogotá no ha desarrollado sus atributos estéticos y espirituales, y ha ido tras imágenes y modelos extraños a su territorio.

  16. Microstructures and Mechanical Properties of Austempering SUS440 Steel Thin Plates

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    Cheng-Yi Chen

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available SUS440 is a high-carbon stainless steel, and its martensite matrix has high heat resistance, high corrosion resistance, and high pressure resistance. It has been widely used in mechanical parts and critical materials. However, the SUS440 martempered matrix has reliability problems in thin plate applications and thus research uses different austempering heat treatments (tempering temperature: 200 °C–400 °C to obtain a matrix containing bainite, retained austenite, martensite, and the M7C3 phase to investigate the relationships between the resulting microstructure and tensile mechanical properties. Experimental data showed that the austempering conditions of the specimen affected the volume fraction of phases and distribution of carbides. After austenitizing heat treatment (1080 °C for 30 min, the austempering of the SUS440 thin plates was carried out at a salt-bath temperature 300 °C for 120 min and water quenching was then used to obtain the bainite matrix with fine carbides, with the resulting material having a higher tensile fracture strength and average hardness (HRA 76 makes it suitable for use as a high-strength thin plate for industrial applications.

  17. EL PROTESTANTISMO COLOMBIANO: SUS ORÍGENES, LUCHAS Y EXPANSIÓN (1856-1991

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    Helwar Hernando Figueroa S.

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Los protestantes en sus múltiples denominaciones se han convertido en la segunda fuerza religiosa de Colombia gracias a su permanente proselitismo mediático y a su presencia en todos los escenarios sociales y políticos del país, un crecimiento que terminó por disputarle fieles al catolicismo tradicionalista. Con el ánimo de comprender su expansión y subdivisiones en la revisión historiográfica,se buscó describir y analizar el proceso histórico por medio del cual los protestantes en todas sus denominaciones lograron ampliar el campo religioso colombiano. Para ello,se consideró oportuno hacer una síntesis histórica, y en su narración explicar los principales conceptos que intentan definir el campo protestante. La investigación se basó en una revisión exhaustiva de la bibliografía existente sobre el protestantismo en Colombia y en una revisión documental sobre lo escrito por los protestantes y sus contradictores católicos. En las conclusiones se insiste en afirmar que los protestantes lograron crecer exponencialmente gracias a su fragmentación y posterior conformación en iglesias nacionales de talante carismático y pentecostal.

  18. [Whose is SUS? About the social representation of the users of the Family Health Program].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martins, Poliana Cardoso; Cotta, Rosângela Minardi Mitre; Mendes, Fábio Farias; Priore, Silvia Eloiza; Franceschinni, Sylvia do Carmo Castro; Cazal, Mariana de Melo; Batista, Rodrigo Siqueira

    2011-03-01

    The present study analyzes the representation of the users of SUS and PSF, presenting data obtained by semi-structured interviews, using the theoretical referential of the qualitative research. The results show a social representation marked by a focused vision and assistance, pointing to the concentration of public resources in poor segments of the society and centered in the biomedical model of attention. It stands out that PSF did not reach their objectives to provide changes in the praxis in health. In relation to the social control, it is observed that only 5.9% of the interviewees know the CMS. The presented data show a great ignorance by the studied population on the sanitary system and conquered social laws, and many people still see SUS as a "health plan for the poor". Due to the lived reality, the need of the implementation of strategies is emphasized for the reach of larger powerment/liberation of the population, seeking to build effective possibilities so that their actors will be active participant of the process of construction of a common project, actually based on the democratic ideals of SUS, being PSF strategically important in the accomplishment of these actions.

  19. Los consejos escolares de los colegios de educación primaria analizados por sus miembros

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Fernando González Granda

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo presentamos la valoración que de los consejos escolares de los colegios de educación primaria de la Comunidad Autónoma de Asturias realizan sus miembros. Se analizan las principales características de los consejeros así como la información y atención que éstos prestan a sus representados. Se valora el funcionamiento de los consejos y cómo cumplen éstos las competencias que tienen asignadas. También recogemos la valoración que los consejeros realizan de los problemas que tienen en el cumplimiento de sus tareas. Los consejeros valoran cómo los consejos mejoran el funcionamiento de los colegios y diversos aspectos relacionados con la participación, asi como la satisfacción de los distintos miembros de la comunidad escolar respecto al funcionamiento de los consejos escolares.

  20. Representaciones sobre la Patagonia y sus habitantes originarios en los textos escolares. 1886-1940

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mirta Teobaldo

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available La Patagonia, como tierra mítica, y sus habitantes originarios, han sido objeto de diferentes estudios. Sin embargo, su representación a través de los libros de texto es tema escasamente estudiado. En base a un corpus de catorce libros de textos, correspondientes a las escue- las del Estado y a las escuelas de la Congregación salesiana, nos pro- ponemos analizar dos representaciones específicas sobre el indígena patagónico: 1 el indígena como “salvaje” y “enemigo de la civiliza- ción” en un espacio “vacío” y “desierto” y 2 el indígena “paleontolo- gizado” y ahistórico, en un espacio natural con potencial productivo. Las representaciones están vinculadas a dos ideas relacionadas con las políticas del Estado sobre la Patagonia: una con el plano territorial: la idea de “desierto” y “vacío” y la otra, con el plano de sus habitantes: la idea de “salvajismo” y “barbarie”; ideas que legitiman la conquista y el exterminio de sus habitantes originarios. En los textos escolares la transposición didáctica operó yuxtaponiendo nuestras categorías de análisis.

  1. [Integral care, a SUS (Brazilian Unified Health System) guideline for the sanitary surveillance].

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Dwyer, Gisele; Reis, Daniela Carla de Souza; da Silva, Luciana Leite Gonçalves

    2010-11-01

    The sanitary surveillance (Visa) performs several practices, on different objects and its actions are guided by principles and guidelines of the SUS. It was done a critical reflection on the interaction conditions of practice in Visa, with a constitutional proposition of the SUS: integral care. The analysis was based on the theory of structuration (Giddens) that considers mobilization of structural resources as dimensions of social interaction, which would justify the legitimacy exercised since the standards. Have been analyzed the following categories: Visa and its insertion within the SUS; the integral care and the Visa; and political impediments. The Visa has been organized by National Health Surveillance Agency. Nowadays it has as sanitary responsibilities, communication with society and health promotion. The proposal of the literature concerning integral care is based on the assistance issue. The organization of the services in the different federative entities is the sense of integral care most adopted by Visa. Political impediments focus on the institutional renewal, on the conflicts of interest arena, on the distance between formulated policies and established practices and gaps concerning work management and the insufficiency of financial support.

  2. UN PRIVILEGIO PARA EL ESTADO DE MICHOACÁN: SUS PUEBLOS MÁGICOS

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    Horacio Mercado Vargas

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available El Estado de Michoacán, que se ubica en la parte del extremo sur occidental de México, posee paisajes muy hermosos: de bosques, praderas y lagunas de gran belleza, montañas y volcanes que descienden hacia el mar. Es uno de los más ricos en recursos naturales. La Secretaría de Turismo, diversas entidades del gobierno federal y gobiernos estatales y municipales desarrollaron el Programa de Pueblos Mágicos, para darle un valor a ciertas poblaciones del país que tienen características culturales y que llaman la atención de los visitantes mexicanos y extranjeros. Michoacán es una entidad que por sus características culturales, se distingue del resto de las entidades, y por ello es el estado con mayor número de Pueblos Mágicos en todo el país. La belleza y cultura de Michoacán se puede constatar en sus Pueblos Mágicos, que siempre recordarán los visitantes. Sus formas, colores y tradiciones son expresiones de un pasado lleno de gloria que se manifiesta en el presente.

  3. A Religiosidade/Espiritualidade dos Médicos de Família: Avaliação de Alunos da Universidade Aberta do SUS (UNA-SUS

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    Paulo Rogerio Aguiar

    Full Text Available RESUMO Introdução Muitas universidades ao redor do mundo têm incluído o tema religiosidade/espiritualidade (R/E no currículo médico no período de graduação, especialmente nos Estados Unidos e Reino Unido. Este artigo objetiva apresentar a opinião de médicos, especializandos em Saúde da Família da Universidade Aberta do SUS (UNA-SUS na Universidade Federal de Ciências da Saúde de Porto Alegre (UFCSPA sobre o ensino do tema R/E na graduação em Medicina, as percepções dos profissionais sobre essa temática na prática clínica e os índices de religiosidade/espiritualidade dos estudantes. Metodologia Estudo transversal, em que um instrumento de pesquisa eletrônica foi disponibilizado aos alunos na plataforma virtual da UNA-SUS/UFCSPA, tendo sido convidados a participar voluntariamente todos os médicos de nacionalidade brasileira inscritos no curso de especialização em Saúde da Família entre os meses de junho e agosto de 2016. Resultados Foram obtidas 73 respostas (17,2% de um total de 423 médicos. Foram encontrados 61,4% de católicos, 18,5% de evangélicos e 8,6% de espíritas, sendo 52,1% de não praticantes; 86,3% acreditam em Deus; 89% consideram importante ou muito importante o cuidado espiritual nas práticas em saúde e 94,6% consideram que a espiritualidade contribui para a saúde física. Constatou-se que 60,3% consideram a coleta da história espiritual como a habilidade mais importante a ser aprendida e 72,2% concordam em que o tema R/E deve ser abordado na graduação, enquanto 13,7% relataram contato prévio com o tema na faculdade. A relevância conferida à R/E no cuidado médico não parece ter sido mediada pela religiosidade intrínseca dos estudantes, pois não houve correlação estatisticamente significativa entre essa variável e a atribuição de importância à R/E na prática clínica (p = 0,585. Os médicos avaliados parecem reconhecer a importância da espiritualidade para os pacientes e para a sa

  4. Uma análise da progressividade do financiamento do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS

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    Ugá Maria Alicia Domínguez

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo analisa o grau de progressividade dos tributos que financiam o Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS. Nele são identificados os principais tributos que financiam o SUS e, com base nos microdados da Pesquisa de Orçamentos Familiares 2002-2003, é inferida a distribuição do ônus do pagamento dos tributos diretos e indiretos que financiam o SUS e analisado o grau de progressividade dos mesmos. Foi, ainda, calculado o índice de Kakwani do financiamento do SUS, que sintetiza o grau de progressividade de um sistema tributário. Os dados mostraram que o índice de Kakwani do financiamento público é de -0,008 e que, portanto, o financiamento do SUS corresponde a um sistema quase proporcional, que onera proporcionalmente à renda. Em uma sociedade com o grau de desigualdade da brasileira, que exibe um índice de Gini de 0,57, ter um financiamento do SUS proporcional é fortemente questionável sob a ótica da justiça social: ao contrário, seria desejável construir bases de financiamento do SUS francamente progressivas, de forma a contra-restar a fortíssima concentração de renda da nossa sociedade.

  5. Uma análise da progressividade do financiamento do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS

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    Maria Alicia Domínguez Ugá

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo analisa o grau de progressividade dos tributos que financiam o Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS. Nele são identificados os principais tributos que financiam o SUS e, com base nos microdados da Pesquisa de Orçamentos Familiares 2002-2003, é inferida a distribuição do ônus do pagamento dos tributos diretos e indiretos que financiam o SUS e analisado o grau de progressividade dos mesmos. Foi, ainda, calculado o índice de Kakwani do financiamento do SUS, que sintetiza o grau de progressividade de um sistema tributário. Os dados mostraram que o índice de Kakwani do financiamento público é de ­0,008 e que, portanto, o financiamento do SUS corresponde a um sistema quase proporcional, que onera proporcionalmente à renda. Em uma sociedade com o grau de desigualdade da brasileira, que exibe um índice de Gini de 0,57, ter um financiamento do SUS proporcional é fortemente questionável sob a ótica da justiça social: ao contrário, seria desejável construir bases de financiamento do SUS francamente progressivas, de forma a contra-restar a fortíssima concentração de renda da nossa sociedade.

  6. Evolution of three cases of sarcomas of the sus-clavicular area after mammary radiotherapy; Devenir de trois cas de sarcomes de la region sus claviculaire apres radiotherapie mammaire

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Renard-Oldrini, S.; Marchal, C.; Verhaeghe, J.L.; El Hajj, L.; Beckendorf, V.; Tournier-Rangeard, L.; Peiffert, D. [Centre Alexis-Vautrin, 54 - Vandoeuvre-les-Nancy (France)

    2010-10-15

    The authors comment the evolution observed for three cases of sarcomas in a previously irradiated sus-clavicular area. The three patients initially presented different cancers before the appearance of this sarcoma. The authors outline the exceptional characteristic of these sarcomas for their location in the sus-clavicular ganglionary area. Treatment is difficult. The authors suspect the existence of a genetic fragility. Short communication

  7. Computed tomography in Brazil: frequency and pattern of usage among inpatients of the Unified Health System (SUS); Tomografia computadorizada no Brasil: frequencia e padrao de uso em pacientes internados no Sistema Unico de Saude (SUS)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dovales, Ana Cristina M.; Souza, Andressa A. de; Veiga, Lene H.S., E-mail: adovales@ird.gov.br [Instituto de Radioprotecao e Dosimetria (IRD/CNEN-RJ), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2015-04-15

    This paper shows the frequency, pattern and trend of computed tomography use in inpatients of the Brazilian public health care system (SUS), from 2008 to 2011. Data were extracted from an Internet database provided by SUS. Head/neck examinations were the most frequent type of CT over the study period. The use of CT increased over time, with the greatest increase being observed for CT of extremities. (author)

  8. A prática do parto humanizado no SUS: estudo comparativo = The practice of humanized delivery in the Brazilian Health System (SUS: a comparative study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciele de Lima Wrobel

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available O presente estudo descritivo foi realizado em maternidades que prestamatendimento pelo Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS, nas cidades de Guarapuava e Londrina, Estado do Paraná. Dentro do programa de Humanização implantado na Maternidade de Londrina pretendeu-se analisar o atendimento a parturiente quanto à humanização ao partocomparando com a realidade de dois hospitais de Guarapuava onde não existe o programa implantado e assim verificar se os direitos destas parturientes quanto à humanização estão sendo respeitados. Foi aplicado um questionário a 40 primíparas no puerpério imediato comperguntas semi-estruturadas. Ao comparar duas realidades diferentes, concluiu-se que alguns dos direitos das parturientes preconizados pela OMS não estavam sendo respeitados, especialmente onde não havia a implantação do parto humanizado, pois não era permitida a entrada de acompanhante e nem utilizadas técnicas de relaxamento para a parturiente, evidenciando assim que algumas instituições necessitam intensificar esses cuidados para melhorar a qualidade do atendimento prestado.This descriptive study was conducted in maternities assisted by the Brazilian Health System (SUS, in the cities of Guarapuava and Londrina, State of Paraná. In the program implanted in Londrina, the aim was to analyze the assistance to the parturient regarding humanization to the child delivery. This context was then comparedwith the reality in the maternities of two hospitals in Guarapuava, where these practices are not applied. The comparison intended to verify if the rights of these women to humanized delivery are being respected. A half-structured questionnaire was applied to forty women in labor. While comparing these two different realities, it was observed that a few of these rights, advocated by the OMS, were not being respected, especially where the humanization delivery was not a practice. Data revealed that the partner’s entrance was not allowed,neither were

  9. [Methodology for construction of a panel of indicators for monitoring and evaluation of unified health system (SUS) management].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tamaki, Edson Mamoru; Tanaka, Oswaldo Yoshimi; Felisberto, Eronildo; Alves, Cinthia Kalyne de Almeida; Drumond Junior, Marcos; Bezerra, Luciana Caroline de Albuquerque; Calvo, Maria Cristina Marino; Miranda, Alcides Silva de

    2012-04-01

    This study sought to develop methodology for the construction of a Panel for the Monitoring and Evaluation of Management of the Unified Health System (SUS). The participative process used in addition to the systematization conducted made it possible to identify an effective strategy for building management tools in partnership with researchers, academic institutions and managers of the SUS. The final systematization of the Panel selected indicators for the management of the SUS in terms of Demand, Inputs, Processes, Outputs and Outcomes in order to provide a simple, versatile and useful tool for evaluation at any level of management and more transparent and easier communication with all stakeholders in decision-making. Taking the management of the SUS as the scope of these processes and practices in all normative aspects enabled dialog between systemic theories and those which consider the centrality of the social actor in the decision-making process.

  10. Significados y respuestas de las madres al abuso sexual de sus hijas(os

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    Margarita Inés Quiroz Arango

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Se presentan los resultados de una investigación dirigida a comprender los significados y las respuestas de madres frente al abuso sexual de sus hijas e hijos, para generar un conocimiento útil en la construcción de políticas y programas más pertinentes en la atención de este fenómeno. Es un estudio cualitativo que empleó como método los grupos de discusión con cinco madres de cuatro niñas y un niño, menores de 10 años, víctimas de abuso sexual, quienes asistían a consulta psicológica en dos centros de atención a la familia de la ciudad de Medellín, en el año 2005. Las voces de estas mujeres muestran que el abuso sexual sucede en familias vulnerables desde el punto de vista afectivo, comunicativo y socioeconómico, en las cuales este problema hace parte de su cotidianidad. El abuso sexual constituye una catástrofe que afecta el precario equilibrio socioeconómico y afectivo que estas familias logran construir para hacer frente a sus condiciones de vida angustiantes. En medio de la estigmatización que la sociedad hace de la situación, del silencio, con el cual soportan el trauma, y de un apoyo poco comprensivo y pertinente por parte de las instituciones encargadas de la atención de estas familias, las madres acometen diferentes acciones para hacer frente a su realidad. La reconfiguración de su rol como madres se convierte en un punto de partida clave para la superación del estado de impotencia en el cual quedan sumidas, posterior al abuso sexual de sus hijas(os.

  11. Propuesta de teorías integradoras para la cefalogénesis y sus malformaciones

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dadonim Vila Morales

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available En las teorías embriogénicas de las malformaciones del macizo craneofacial es frecuente encontrar explicaciones simplistas, que no aluden a la biología celular, ni molecular de sus fisiopatologías. El propósito de esta investigación fue describir las teorías de la cefalogénesis y sus malformaciones craneofaciales, como requisito para proponerteorías integradoras que favorezcan su mejor comprensión. Se realizó una revisión biobliográfica sobre el tema de la cefalogénesis y las concepciones científicas actuales concernientes a las teorías de las malformaciones congénitas craneofaciales. Se realizó una revisión en Internet, en el periodo comprendido entre diciembre de 2011 y enero de 2012. Se analizaron los artículos de revistas de la Web of Sciences que trataron este tema desde el año 2006 hasta el 2012 en los buscadores Google academico, Hinari, Scopus, Scielo y Medline. Como resultado se obtuvieron 131 artículos que fueron tamizados; pero el estudio se ciñó solo a 43 artículos que enfocaron estas temáticas de manera más integral. Se consideraron reduccionitas o incompletas las teorías hasta ahora expuestas. Por tal motivo se propusieron teorías holístico-sinérgicas de la cefalogénesis y sus malformaciones.

  12. Reflections on the Production of the Formation of Physiotherapy in the Con-text of SUS

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    Ana Luísa Pinho Pinto Ferreira

    Full Text Available Abstract Background: This study was motivated by the need of understanding how the relationship of the training with the national health system is treated, both in the sphere of health services and the aca-demic area. This work aims to contribute to the debate on the inclusion of the physiotherapist in SUS (Brazil's NHS by pointing out issues that need to be deepened in future studies. Purpose: To analyze the national literature production on the relationship between the training of therapists and their work in SUS, from 1996 to 2010. Methods: Descriptive research with literature on the bases: LILACS, SCI-ELO Bank and CAPES thesis. Results: We found 13 publications, sorted by: year, publication type, region where it was published in the categories "national curriculum guidelines," "professional respon-sibility", "integrality in health" and "conceptions of teachers in training in Physiotherapy ". There no publishing from 1996 to 2005, gradually increasing from this year. It was identified a higher number of articles compared to other types of publications; there is also an important difference between the Brazilian regions, with higher prevalence of studies in the South (53.8% and a greater number of pub-lications in the category "national curriculum guidelines". Conclusion: It was possible to raise ques-tions that involve the applicability of the National Curriculum Guidelines on the pedagogical courses; suitability of teachers to the reality of SUS; investigation of the models covered in health care envi-ronments trainers, and the lack of contribution by higher education institutions on teaching-research and teaching and public service, contributing to form an important agenda of study. {#}

  13. SUS Brasil: a região de saúde como caminho

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lenir Santos

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo desenvolve o tema da necessidade de se regionalizar a descentralização no sentido de aglutinar o que esta supostamente poderia ter fracionado. Ao revisitar a diretriz constitucional da descentralização os autores propõem medidas que visem sua garantia ao lado de ferramentas administrativas que permitam a formação de regiões de saúde resolutivas em pelo menos 95% das necessidades de saúde do território regional, para garantir autonomia sanitária. Os autores propõem soluções que passam pela criação de pessoas jurídicas associativas regionais, resultantes da aglutinação dos entes federativos em região de saúde. Apontam ainda o que não deu certo no Sistema Único de Saúde - SUS Brasil em razão tanto de equívocos originados nas melhores intenções, quanto do oportunismo que esses equívocos geraram. Advogam os autores a necessidade de respostas jurídico-administrativas para um SUS de caráter interfederativo tanto na sua gestão, que exige compartilhamentos, quanto no seu financiamento, que se mantém interdependente também. Concluem que o único caminho para o SUS ser nacional, é regionalizá-lo e dotar a região de saúde de todo o instrumental necessário à gestão compartilhada, interfederativa e responsável.

  14. Adolescentes consumidores de televisión: autopercepciones sobre sus derechos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Ángeles Espinosa Bayal

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available El artículo analiza la percepción que tiene una muestra representativa de la población española de entre 12 y 18 años sobre la protección de sus derechos en las cadenas de televisión. Para conseguir este objetivo, se aplicó un cuestionario de 59 preguntas diseñado para una investigación más amplia en la que se analizaba la opinión de los menores sobre la protección de sus derechos en la televisión y en Internet. Ninguna pregunta del cuestionario se refería a cadenas o programas concretos identificados por los investigadores y la información sobre estos partía de la propia opinión de los adolescentes. Los resultados que se presentan se refieren a los datos sobre televisión y, más concretamente, al respeto por los derechos fundamentales de los telespectadores en general, y de los de los menores en particular. De estos resultados se concluye que los adolescentes perciben claramente la vulneración de los derechos de igualdad, dignidad e intimidad, a la información objetiva veraz y plural y a la libre expresión y opinión –especialmente cuando ésta se refiere a los niños–. Igualmente muestran una postura crítica y de rechazo hacia los tipos de programas que no respetan sus derechos. Se propone utilizar esta capacidad crítica de los telespectadores desde una doble perspectiva: por una parte para crear escuela de ciudadanía y, por otra, para generar una sociedad más justa y equitativa.

  15. Anticuerpo anti-Dectin-1 humano, hibridoma productor de dicho anticuerpo y sus aplicaciones

    OpenAIRE

    Llorente Gómez, María de las Mercedes; Fernández Ruíz, Elena; Galán Díez, Marta; Kremer, Leonor; Casasnovas, José María

    2008-01-01

    Anticuerpo anti-Dectin-1 humano, hibridoma productor de dicho anticuerpo y sus aplicaciones. La presente invención consiste en el hibridoma MGD3 y el anticuerpo monocional producido por él (denominado también MGD3), que reconoce de forma especifica al receptor de membrana Decti-1 humano. El anticuerpo MGD3 es capaz de inhibir la unión de Dectin-1 a su ligando natural, los -glucanos que son componentes de la pared de los hongos. Además, bloquea específicamente la un...

  16. El estado y sus márgenes: Etnografías comparadas

    OpenAIRE

    Das, Veena; Poole, Deborah

    2008-01-01

    La Teoría Política occidental ha concebido el estado como forma administrativa racional de organización y orden político. Uno de los efectos resultantes de pensar el estado en términos de sus funciones de producción de orden es que los márgenes espaciales y sociales, que tan a menudo constituyen el terreno del trabajo de campo etnográfico, son contemplados como lugares de desorden en los que el estado ha sido incapaz de imponer su orden. No obstante es posible invertir el interrogante y pregu...

  17. Importancia de los padres y madres en la competición deportiva de sus hijos

    OpenAIRE

    Campos Mesa, María del Carmen; Castañeda Vázquez, Carolina; Garrido Guzmán, María Encarnación

    2010-01-01

    Cuando se habla del término deporte, hay que tener en cuenta los agentes sociales que influyen en toda práctica de actividad física, ya sean técnicos deportivos, compañeros o padres/madres. Más aún, si hablamos del deporte en los niños, estos agentes sociales cobran una especial relevancia en su actividad deportiva. En este sentido, el presente artículo muestra la actuación y el comportamiento que tienen los padres y madres en la competición deportiva de sus hijos. El conocer q...

  18. LA INSEGURIDAD LABORAL Y SUS CONSECUENCIAS EN UN CONTEXTO DE CRISIS ECONÓMICA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beatriz Sora

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available La inseguridad laboral se ha convertido en la actualidad en una de las fuentes de estrés más significativas para muchos trabajadores, siendo especialmente grave en España por las elevadas tasas de desempleo en este periodo de crisis económica. Una prolífera investigación se ha desarrollado al respecto en un intento por alcanzar un conocimiento más completo de este fenómeno. El Instituto de Psicología de los Recursos Humanos, Desarrollo Organizacional y Calidad de Vida Laboral (IDOCAL ha contribuido a esta investigación en los últimos años en varias de sus facetas más significativas. En el ámbito de sus factores determinantes se ha identificado un papel significativo de la antigüedad laboral, la empleabilidad en el mercado laboral, el subempleo, y la autoeficacia laboral. Además se han realizado hallazgos de interés en relación con la diversidad de los tipos de contrato, la inseguridad laboral y sus efectos en los trabajadores. Son de especial interés los estudios que analizan el papel interviniente de distintas variables. En este contexto, nuestros estudios han puesto de manifiesto la relevancia de variables como la justicia organizacional, el clima de justicia organizacional, el apoyo organizacional, la empleabilidad, la dependencia laboral y el distanciamiento psicológico a la hora de predecir la variabilidad en la inseguridad laboral. Por último, las aportaciones del IDOCAL han sido especialmente relevantes al plantear el análisis de la inseguridad laboral como fenómeno colectivo y mostrar cómo la experiencia colectiva de la inseguridad tenía repercusiones sobre el bienestar de los trabajadores más allá de las producidas por sus percepciones individuales. En base a esta investigación se han propuesto en el presente artículo una serie de implicaciones para la práctica profesional.

  19. El papel de los padres en la salud sexual de sus hijos

    OpenAIRE

    Bárcena Gaona,Susana; Robles Montijo,Susana; Díaz-Loving,Rolando

    2013-01-01

    Los propósitos de este estudio fueron identificar las variables que predicen la intención de usar condón en adolescentes sin experiencia sexual, y conocer el papel que desempeñan los padres en dichas variables. Se obtuvo información de 290 estudiantes y sus padres (n=290) mediante un instrumento de autoinforme. Los resultados mostraron que los jóvenes tienen mayor intención de usar condón en la medida que se perciben capaces de usarlo (autoeficacia). Los padres tuvieron una influencia en vari...

  20. Jóvenes escolares y sus redes sociales: de la territorialidad a la virtualidad.

    OpenAIRE

    Soler Osuna, Diana Maritza

    2013-01-01

    El problema de investigación de la investigación, Jóvenes escolares y sus redes sociales: de la territorialidad a la virtualidad, surgió a partir de mi experiencia como profesora de geografía en un colegio privado de Bogotá. Me cuestionaba la restringida territorialidad de los estudiantes y suponía que entre menos conocieran el territorio de la ciudad, menor sería su interés por la problemática en el espacio local. Bajo este supuesto emprendí el reconocimiento de las Redes Sociales y las Terr...

  1. Explorando la agencia de las mujeres encarceladas a través de sus experiencias amorosas

    OpenAIRE

    de Miguel Calvo, Estibaliz

    2017-01-01

    El presente trabajo explora la agencia de las mujeres encarceladas a través de sus experiencias emocionales, una agencia caracterizada por la redefinición de la propia identidad y por las decisiones en la vida emocional, que resultan disruptivas de las lógicas carcelarias. La base de este análisis es la investigación cualitativa con entrevistas semiestructuradas y observación participante desarrolladas en el departamento de mujeres de la cárcel de Nanclares de Oca (Álava). El amor de pareja c...

  2. La cuarta ventana: Transformando el hogar. Arte feminista y sus intervenciones en el ciberespacio

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabiane Santos

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Ese texto trata de la transformación del hogar como espacio público, habitado y activo, desde la perspectiva de la mujer que transita y construye este espacio, el cual está siendo invadido por los medios tecnológicos y la comunicación de masas. A través de las prácticas artísticas y cuestiones relativas al movimiento ciberfeminista y sus acciones, observaremos como esas luchas hacen eco y se mezclan con los nuevos medios.

  3. La productividad española: características y sus causas (1995-2013)

    OpenAIRE

    Jalón Aymerich, Francisco de Borja

    2015-01-01

    El objetivo del presente ensayo es comprender algunos de los determinantes que afectan el comportamiento de la productividad laboral española además de describir sus características. Se discuten algunas de las explicaciones ofrecidas por la literatura económica y se analizan algunas posibilidades, encontrando que el tamaño empresarial y la distribución de valor añadido entre grupos de tamaño es uno de los determinantes principales de la productividad.

  4. La reticencia a hablar en las aulas de ELE en Corea. Un acercamiento a sus causas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mendoza Puertas, Jorge Daniel

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available La baja participación de los estudiantes de Asia oriental en las clases de lenguas extranjeras ha sido constatada por diversos investigadores. En este trabajo ofrecemos un estudio de carácter cualitativo basado en entrevistas, grupos de discusión y anotaciones realizadas en un diario de trabajo. A través de sus resultados pretendemos ofrecer luz acerca de las causas sobre las que descansa la reticencia a hablar de los estudiantes coreanos en las aulas universitarias de español como lengua extranjera.

  5. Contribuciones Tomistas. Al estudio de las emociones y algunos de sus corolarios éticos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lamartine de Hollanda Cavalcanti Neto

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente estudio ofrece, desde una perspectiva teórica, una breve visión de conjunto de la concepción tomista sobre las emociones, su encaje en el ciclo de la vida consciente, su génesis, su clasificación, su encadenamiento y su dinamismo. Desarrolla consideraciones sobre las contribuciones que este referencial teórico puede aportar al estudio de las emociones y deduce algunos de sus principales corolarios éticos.

  6. OPTIMIZACION DE LA MORFOLOGIA DE ELECTRO-DEPOSITOS DE POLITIOFENO, CON VISTA A SUS POSIBLES APLICACIONES

    OpenAIRE

    GACITUA SANTALICES, MANUEL ALEJANDRO; GACITUA SANTALICES, MANUEL ALEJANDRO

    2012-01-01

    El impactante número de investigaciones relacionadas con los polímeros conductores, seguramente se explica por las mismas razones que justificaron el Premio Nobel a sus descubridores el primer año de este milenio: su enorme impacto social, por su gran diversidad de aplicaciones, algunas de las cuales ya se concretan, mientras otras son todavía incipientes, o sólo se vislumbran por parte de algunos visionarios. En todo caso, los principales desafíos actuales en el área los co...

  7. Abstracción en la pintura occidental. Sus elementos y su efecto en el espectador

    OpenAIRE

    TRICIO ECHARRI, PALOMA

    2015-01-01

    La evolución de la pintura y sus técnicas a lo largo de la historia y más concretamente en la pintura abstracta, que junto a los efectos en la percepción y los referentes obtenidos ayudan a conformar una serie de cuadros de carácter formalista y minimalista. The evolution of painting and its techniques throughout history and more specifically in abstract painting, which together with the effects on perception and the obtained precedents help out to create a series of formalist and minimali...

  8. Anatomía del raquis, sus curvas y su control ortostático

    OpenAIRE

    Aurnague, Jaqueline; Fernández, Hernán

    2013-01-01

    Nos decidimos a realizar la siguiente ponencia, para analizar y reconocer aquellos aspectos anatómicos y funcionales de la columna vertebral o raquis en relación a sus curvas fisiológicas y a su control ortostatico. El abordaje que efectuaremos, es teniendo en cuenta los contenidos que constantemente estabilizan y desestabilizan el raquis en los movimientos de la vida cotidiana, como también aquellos enfocados en la actividad física en relación a la postura y a su tonicidad. Analizaremos l...

  9. La psicología del deporte y sus relaciones con otras ciencias del deporte

    OpenAIRE

    Garcia Mas, Alexandre

    1997-01-01

    La evolución de la Psicología del Deporte hasta la actualidad ha conllevado la existencia de modificaciones dinámicas en las esferas de relaciones con las distintas áreas de la psicología —por un lado— y de relaciones con las demás Ciencias del Deporte, por otro. Así, podemos hablar de la existencia de dos distintas galaxias de relaciones, centrada una en la Psicología del Deporte y la otra en el propio hecho deportivo, que ofrecen panoramas interactivos distintos. Esta evolución —y sus fases...

  10. Radón y sus efectos en la salud en trabajadores de minas de uranio

    OpenAIRE

    Gonzalo Aicardi-Carrillo; Marita Asmat-Inostrosa; Yanelly Barboza-Rangel

    2015-01-01

    Introducción: El radón es un gas presente en subsuelo, especialmente en minas de uranio, que produce consecuencias sobre la salud, entre las que destaca el cáncer de pulmón. En EEUU es la segunda causa de mortalidad por esta enfermedad. Pese a la fuerte relación causal no existe normativa específica europea de regulación en mineros. Objetivos: Identificar el efecto del radón y sus derivados sobre la salud de los trabajadores de minas de uranio; describir la asociación entre exposición a radón...

  11. La historia del Derecho Internacional Privado en China y sus fuentes

    OpenAIRE

    Laura Soto von Arnim

    2014-01-01

    El Derecho Internacional chino tiene una historia larga, pues su primera disposición data del Código Mingli de la Dinastía Ming. A pesar de sus tempranos comienzos, el Derecho Internacional Privado comenzó a desarrollarse verdaderamente desde la década de los años 1980. Esta rama del derecho está constituida en China por las normas de conflictos de leyes, las normas de conflictos de jurisdicción, y el reconocimiento y la ejecución de resoluciones judiciales en materia civil y mercantil. A...

  12. PROCESADORA Y COMERCIALIZADORA DE PASTA DE CACAO Y SUS DERIVADOS EN ECUADOR

    OpenAIRE

    Pabón-Andrade, Johana Gabriela

    2016-01-01

    El presente trabajo de fin de master tiene como objetivo realizar un plan de negocios de una empresa dedicada al procesamiento y comercialización de pasta de cacao y sus derivados en Ecuador. Las actividades de la empresa consistirán en comprar cacao, sin ningún procesamiento y transformarlo en pasta de cacao. A lo largo de este proceso se producen derivados como manteca de cacao, pulpa de cacao, cascara, ceniza de cacao, que junto con las pasta serán comercializados tanto dentro como fuer...

  13. Los concheros de Baja California y sus perspectivas de investigación

    OpenAIRE

    Agustín Téllez Duarte

    1987-01-01

    El presente artículo pretende enfatizar sobre la presencia de conchas en sitios arqueológicos, los cuales nos proporcionan una gran cantidad de información cultural sobre los asentamientos humanos, particularmente en los concheros de Baja California. En Baja California se localizan en forma intermitente a todo lo largo de sus costas, tanto en el golfo de California como en el Pacífico. Con este proyecto se pretende rescatar aquellas colecciones que aún puedan conservarse, considerando que las...

  14. La mortalidad infantil y sus causas en la inclusa de Toledo entre 1900-1910

    OpenAIRE

    Martín Espinosa, Noelia M.; Cobo Cuenca, Ana I.

    2013-01-01

    La asistencia sanitaria se vinculaba a acciones benéficas hacia los pobres. Hasta el siglo XX fue frecuente el abandono de niños en inclusas, donde las cifras de mortalidad eran catastróficas. El objetivo de esta investigación es estudiar la mortalidad infantil y sus causas en los niños abandonados en la inclusa de Toledo entre 1900 y 1910. Es un trabajo histórico que analiza las fuentes primarias (libros de lactancias y destetes, con datos sobre el momento de la muerte y su causa) a partir d...

  15. Caracterización de ancianos frágiles y sus cuidadores

    OpenAIRE

    Marina Selin Ganén; Marlén del Valle Pérez

    2012-01-01

    Fundamento: la atención geriátrica está dirigida a evitar la limitación y la dependencia de las personas mayores, mejorar su calidad de vida y la capacidad funcional de atenderse a sí mismos y desarrollarse en el seno de una familia y de la sociedad. Objetivo: caracterizar a los ancianos frágiles y sus cuidadores. Métodos: estudio descriptivo realizado en el Área 6 de Cienfuegos que incluyó 75 ancianos, evaluados como frágiles según la escala de evaluación funcional, y a 62 cuidadores. En los...

  16. ¿Sigue la Agencia Europea del Medicamento sus propias reglas? Cuento con moraleja

    OpenAIRE

    Ruiz Cantero, María Teresa; Moreno Mújica, A.; Chilet Rosell, Elisa; Laguna Goya, Noa

    2014-01-01

    Antecedentes/Objetivos: Los sesgos de género en los ensayos clínicos (EC) se demostraron ya en los 90. Objetivo: analizar el cumplimiento del Informe Público Europeo de Evaluación (EPAR) de anticonceptivos y fármacos para la disfunción eréctil (FDE) realizado por la Agencia Europea de Medicamentos (EMA) respecto a sus recomendaciones de elaboración. Métodos: Análisis del contenido sobre eficacia, seguridad, farmacocinética (FC) y farmacodinámica (FD) del EPAR de 3 anticonceptivos y 3 FDE, y d...

  17. SOFTWARE LIBRE, SUS HERRAMIENTAS PARA LA INFORMATIZACIÓN DE LA SOCIEDAD

    OpenAIRE

    Shouddy Tárano León

    2006-01-01

    La informatización en Cuba comprende el uso de la computación en todos los sectores de la sociedad. Los usuarios en sus máquinas poseen una serie de aplicaciones informáticas que facilitan la navegación por Internet, la elaboración de documentos, presentaciones, hojas de cálculo electrónicas, así como otras aplicaciones dedicadas a reproducir música, vídeo, y demás utilidades. Los desarrolladores del software y diseñadores gráficos, basan su trabajo en programas que permiten un mejor empleo d...

  18. Los mochileros y sus relatos : Desde una mirada etnográfica

    OpenAIRE

    Belloli Orrijola, Luciana

    2014-01-01

    La presente tesis propone indagar como se reconfigura los relatos de Mochileros como viajero y generador de relatos/escritos gracias a sus vivencias durante el viaje, desde una mirada etnográfica. Se desarrolla partiendo del marco teórico explicativo, con conceptos a describir e interpretar como el viaje, el viajero y el turista, los mochileros, y los relatos. Se aplica una metodología cualitativa, utilizando como técnica la etnografía, recurriendo a insumos como el relato de viajes tanto per...

  19. Nuevos aminoácidos cuaternarios derivados de azepanos y sus aplicaciones

    OpenAIRE

    Núñez Villanueva, Diego; Bonache de Marcos, María Ángeles; Martín Martínez, María Mercedes; García-López, M. Teresa; González Muñiz, María Rosario

    2008-01-01

    Nuevos aminoácidos cuaternarios derivados de azepanos y sus aplicaciones. Compuestos (aminoácidos alfa, alfa-heterocíclicos) en los que el heterociclo posee estructura de azepano, oxoazepano o tioazepano, capaces de inducir estructura secundaria en péptidos o de servir como esqueletos de utilidad en la preparación de quimiotecas de compuestos de interés terapéutico. Además, la invención se refiere al procedimiento de obtención de dichos compuestos.

  20. La historia del Derecho Internacional Privado en China y sus fuentes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Soto von Arnim

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available El Derecho Internacional chino tiene una historia larga, pues su primera disposición data del Código Mingli de la Dinastía Ming. A pesar de sus tempranos comienzos, el Derecho Internacional Privado comenzó a desarrollarse verdaderamente desde la década de los años 1980. Esta rama del derecho está constituida en China por las normas de conflictos de leyes, las normas de conflictos de jurisdicción, y el reconocimiento y la ejecución de resoluciones judiciales en materia civil y mercantil. A pesar de las diferentes opiniones sobre el mejor tipo de codificación entre una codificación completa o de cada materia, la más reciente ley china de derecho internacional, del 28 de octubre de 2010, codificó únicamente las normas de conflictos de leyes. Esta ley representa un progreso importante en el desarrollo del Derecho Internacional Privado en China a pesar de que algunas de sus disposiciones hayan sido muy criticadas.

  1. Ver-Sus: relato de vivências na formação de Psicologia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flavio Martins de Souza Mendes

    Full Text Available Este artigo discute a formação em Psicologia a partir de uma experiência de estágio interdisciplinar de vivência, o projeto VER-SUS (Vivência e Estágio na Realidade do Sistema Único de Saúde, realizado por estudantes da área da saúde junto ao movimento estudantil desses cursos. A partir dessa experiência, ocorrida em 2008, no estado do Espírito Santo (VER-SUS/ES 2008, problematizamos a formação do psicólogo, afirmando a importância de ampliar a associação entre o ensino tradicional e ações que remetam às vivências interdisciplinares. Estas mesmas se configuram como estratégias de ensino-aprendizagem fundamentais para a Psicologia e para a área da saúde como um todo. Por fim, ressaltamos a importância da constante revisão das práticas, da formação e do papel do psicólogo, para pensarmos sobre outras formas de aprendizagem e diálogo ao longo do ensino superior.

  2. Agricultura sustentable y sus posibilidades en relación con consumidores urbanos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raquel Salgado Sánchez

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available El mercado provee incentivos a los agricultores y asociado al consumo urbano influye en el tipo de tecnología que se aplica en la agricultura. Si los consumidores tomaran decisiones de abasto en interacción con los agricultores y sus decisiones de producción, sería posible favorecer la reproducción de sistemas de agricultura sustentable. En este artículo se presentan y analizan comentarios de habitantes de la ciudad de México, conseguidos en sesiones de grupos de enfoque, de sus opiniones sobre agricultura, agricultores y prácticas de abasto. Se identificaron tendencias de desconocimiento y desconexión entre consumidores urbanos de clase media y agricultura. Si los consumidores comprendieran que su interacción con los agricultores puede contribuir a la sustentabilidad de la agricultura, en esta se podría integrar la diversidad biológica y social.

  3. Experiencias de reconocimiento vividas por los niños en sus familias

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Magda Victoria Díaz Alzate

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Pretendemos establecer una relación entre la propuesta que hace Axel Honneth sobre el reconocimiento en el amor y las prácticas de crianza vividas por los integrantes de la familia, en especial entre los niños y las personas cuidadoras, para argumentar que en estas relaciones se da comienzo a la configuración de los niños como sujetos políticos. Para Honneth –quien retoma a Hegel y a Mead–, las primeras relaciones amorosas son sustanciales para vivir el reconocimiento afectivo –que se vive con los más íntimos–; en ellas la aceptación emocional va unida a sentimientos como la simpatía y la atracción, y les permite visibilizar al otro a partir de sus necesidades propias y su valor humano. Abordaremos la familia como primera estructura de acogida y primer escenario de socialización, para argumentar que los niños viven en sus familias, prácticas de reconocimiento de sí mismos, de los otros y del mundo que les rodea, lo cual, a nuestro modo de ver, hace parte de su proceso de socialización como sujetos políticos.

  4. Formação para o SUS nos cursos de psicologia em Alagoas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simone Maria Hüning

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo discute a formação do psicólogo em Alagoas e sua relação com o Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS, a partir da análise dos currículos dos quatro cursos de graduação em Psicologia do Estado. Construímos quatro eixos de análise das disciplinas a partir das ementas, conteúdos programáticos e bibliografias: 1 Clínica, psicopatologia e avaliação psicológica; 2 Biomédicas; 3 Interfaces socioculturais; 4 Fundamentos da pesquisa e atuação em Psicologia. Discutimos as formas de abordagem da saúde, problematizando sua relação com o princípio da integralidade do SUS. Os resultados indicam que na abordagem da saúde predominam conteúdos referentes à identificação e classificação de transtornos e psicopatologias, e uma concepção de sujeito individualista e fragmentada, baseada no modelo biomédico. Por sua vez, a abordagem da integralidade, quando presente nos currículos, possui o potencial de nortear mudanças na graduação, vinculando-se a cenários diversificados, como atuação multiprofissional e capacitação profissional generalista.

  5. [SUS management and monitoring and evaluation practices: possibilities and challenges for building a strategic agenda].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carvalho, André Luis Bonifácio de; Souza, Maria de Fátima; Shimizu, Helena Eri; Senra, Isabel Maria Vilas Boas; Oliveira, Kátia Cristina de

    2012-04-01

    This paper deals with the challenges involved in institutionalizing Monitoring and Evaluation practices within the scope of management of the Brazilian Unified Health System (SUS), based on the creation of a strategic agenda. This is structured around actions by the Federal Administration, from the perspective of defining the scope of the federative relationship. A summarized literature review is thus presented, placing into context the current SUS management process, which is based on the Pact for Health as well as theoretical and operational aspects inherent to monitoring and evaluation practices. The approach related to the strategic agenda highlights the creation of mechanisms that underpin the political and institutional decision, namely the creation of financial incentives and the development of technical mechanisms. These include organizational strategies for qualifying management teams and conducting studies and research and the dissemination of strategic information. These processes are based on the concept of providing for the management specificities in the different spheres of management based on a broad cooperation process involving teaching and research institutions and international organizations as well as the managers themselves.

  6. Las relaciones especiales de sujeción entre el Estado y sus funcionarios

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Eduardo Ardila Quiroz

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Este escrito hace alusión a relaciones que existe entre el Estado y sus funcionarios, desde la obediencia en Grecia, hasta la connotación que adquiere el servidor público en el Estado Social de Derecho; y a su vez, las de estos para con sus asociados, pues bien sabido es que quienes sostienen al Estado y a todo el personal necesario para la exteriorización de aquel, son quienes pagan impuestos y contribuyen para que el presupuesto de gastos en bienes y servicios lleguen a buen puerto.Así como existen obligaciones por parte del Estado, también existen deberes que cumplir por parte de quienes lo habitan, por eso es de obligatorio cumplimiento, so pena de incurrir en un delito, el pago de contribuciones a favor del Estado, pero para que las erogaciones por parte del Estado hacia su población tengan la teleología o el fin propuesto, es necesario de una buena administración, si ello no acontece, se pierde la filosofía de las buenas maneras.

  7. Insulinas Análogas: responsabilidade do SUS e a judicialização

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Lima

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Trata-se de um estudo descritivo, epidemiológico e analítico com abordagem qualiquantitativa. O artigo buscou identificar a relação entre cobertura da Estratégia de Saúde da Família e o aumento de ações judiciais de insulinas análogas nas regiões Sul e Nordeste do Brasil. Nos anos 2010, 2011 e 2012, o consumo de insulinas análogas foi crescente tanto na região sul quanto nordeste. A região sul, apesar de ter um SUS organizado, IDH desenvolvido e educação estruturada, apresentou falhas no programa de diabetes. Em contrapartida, a região nordeste possui IDH baixo na maioria dos municípios e educação deficiente, porém, observou-se a necessidade de reorganização dos programas voltados ao atendimento de usuários portadores de doenças crônicas, em especial, a diabetes, nessa região. Entende-se, que o fortalecimento da atenção básica como porta de entrada para o SUS, nas regiões estudadas pode minimizar o problema da judicialização da saúde.

  8. Moessbauer spectroscopy of He irradiated austenitic stainless steel SUS304 at low temperature

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Horii, Kiyomasa; Ishibashi, Tetsu; Toriyama, Tamotsu; Wakabayashi, Hidehiko; Iijima, Hiroshi [Musashi Inst. of Tech., Tokyo (Japan); Kawasaki, Katsunori; Hayashi, Nobuyuki; Sakamoto, Isao

    1996-04-01

    SUS 304 austenitic stainless steel causes the magnetic transition at 60 K, and the Young`s modulus lowers. In addition, its composition elements have the large (n,{alpha}) reaction cross section to high energy neutrons, and helium is apt to be generated, and this is a factor that lowers the material strength. In the He-irradiated parts in austenitic stainless steel, the precursory state of martensite transformation should exist, and its effect is considered to be observable by carrying out low temperature Moessbauer spectroscopy. As to the preparation of He-irradiation samples, the SUS 304 foils used and the irradiation conditions are described. The measurement of low temperature Moessbauer spectra for the samples without irradiation and with irradiation is reported. In order to determine the magnetic transition point, the thermal scanning measurement was carried out for the samples without or with irradiation. The martensite transformation was measured by X-ray diffraction and transmission type Moessbauer spectroscopy. In order to observe the state of the sample surfaces, the measurement by internal conversion electron Moessbauer spectroscopy was performed. These results and the temperature dependence of the Moessbauer spectra for the irradiated parts are reported. (K.I.)

  9. El etnólogo y sus fantasmas. Leiris en África

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giobellina Brumana, Fernando

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available The Dakar-Djibouti expedition, led by Marcel Griaule, crossed Africa between 1931 and 1933. One of the participants was Michel Leiris, a young poet who had just severed his relations with the surrealist avantgarde and was in the throes of a personal crisis. This paper is about his experience in that joumey of discovery of himself, of the other and of ethnography. Representation and margination: these are the themes that will endure in L'Afrique fantôme as well as in Leiris' other writings about the Dogon and the Zar cult.

    La Misión Dakar-Yibuti, bajo la dirección de Marcel Griaule, atravesó el continente africano entre 1931 y 1933. En sus filas se encontraba Michel Leiris, joven poeta que acababa de romper con la cúpula surrealista y pasaba por malos tiempos personales. Este artículo registra su experiencia en este viaje de descubrimiento de sí, del otro y de la etnografía. Representación y marginalidad, esos son los elementos que quedarán, tanto en L'Afrique fantôme como en sus otros escritos sobre los dogon y el culto zar.

  10. La enseñanza jesuita en Chile colonial: sus colegios, universidades y una aproximación a sus métodos y contenidos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandra Contreras Gutiérrez

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available El documento que se presenta a continuación tiene como objetivo informar sobre el aporte que hizo la Compañía de Jesús a la educación en Chile colonial, se proporcionará información de sus colegios, universidades, planes y métodos de estudios. La idea con esta exposición es establecer que, con la llegada de los jesuitas al país y con el inicio de las labores educativas, se instala en Chile, por primera vez, un sistema de enseñanza. La metodología que hemos empleado para este trabajo consiste en la revisión y recopilación de datos provenientes de diversos textos que son considerados clásicos en la materia, así como también de historias de la propia orden en el país, de manera que se pueda reunir toda la información que se necesita para reconstruir el panorama general de la educación jesuita en Chile. Como este tema ha sido escasamente abordado por la historiografía contemporánea nacional, este trabajo pretende ser un aporte a la historia de la educación en Chile y en América Latina, en el sentido en que la experiencia educativa jesuita en Chile fue similar a la que se experimentó en otras naciones del continente.

  11. Jogo (indica-sus: estratégia lúdica na aprendizagem sobre o sistema único de saude

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Raquel Gomes Maia Pires

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Es cuestionable que tecnología lúdico-educativa en el aprendizaje acerca de SUS favorece la imaginación, relajación, espontaneidad y reflexión en la formación de los profesionales de la salud. Los objetivos fueram desarrollar el juego (INDICA-SUS centrado en diálogo sobre políticas de salud con los juguetones; analizar componentes de relajación, placer, aspectos formativos, emociones y tácticas del desarrollo del (INDICA-SUS; identificar las variables indicativas de lo lúdico en tecnologías educativas para la salud. Enfoque exploratorio, descriptivo, cuantitativo y cualitativo, estudio de caso. Las pruebas se realizaron con partidas testes de 180 participantes, cuestionarios, observación participante, análisis de contenido y prueba estadística de Pearson. Las variables indicativas de ludicidad de tecnologías de educación para la salud incluyen placer y tensión en el juego. El (INDICA-SUS integra carácter inventivo, imaginativo e de intercambio como potencial para la formación; contemplase aprendizaje múltiple y el enseño del SUS, a partir de él.

  12. [The Citizen Constitution and the 25th anniversary of the Brazilian Unified National Health System (SUS)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paim, Jairnilson Silva

    2013-10-01

    This article, celebrating the 25th anniversary of Brazil's 1988 Constitution, aims to review the country's social policy development, discuss political projects, and analyze challenges for the sustainability of the Unified National Health System (SUS). Based on public policymaking studies, the article revisits the origins of liberal social policy, focused on social assistance, and analyzes the hegemony of U.S. policies targeting poverty and their repercussions for universal policies. After identifying the formulation of political projects in Brazil's democratic transition, it discusses their implications during the various Administrations since 1988, along with the difficulties faced by the National Health System. The article concludes that the political forces occupying government in the last two decades have failed to present a project for the country on the same level as those who drafted the Citizen Constitution.

  13. Sexualidad -[es]- en la escuela: en las voces de sus protagonistas

    OpenAIRE

    Montaña, Alejandra Érica

    2012-01-01

    Con la sanción de la ley 26150 y la inclusión formal de la Educación SexualIntegral en el ámbito educativo, se pone nuevamente en debate la construcción de la sexualidad y su estrecha relación con la construcción de subjetividades como parte del proceso educativo.En este artículo se trabaja con la reconstrucción de los relatos biográficos de docentes que asistieron a diferentes capacitaciones sobre Educación Sexual Integral. Desde sus voces, se aspira a recuperar percepciones de su propia sex...

  14. Effect of titanium on microstructural changes in SUS 316 stainless steels

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kawanishi, H.; Yamada, M.; Fukuya, K.; Ishino, S.

    1982-01-01

    The microstructural changes have been examined in order to study the effect of titanium addition to type 316 stainless steels on void swelling. Titanium ions of 400 keV from an accelerator have been implanted at room temperature to solution treated SUS 316 stainless steels which have the original titanium content of 0.02 wt.% to the concentration increase of titanium by 0.01, 0.02 and 0.1 wt.%. Following the preinjection of 20 at.ppm helium at ambient temperature, 400 keV-aluminium ions have been irradiated to the specimen to 40 dpa at 550, 625 and 675 0 C. The TEM observations have revealed that the void number density is drastically increased in the specimen with the content of implanted titanium of more than 0.01 wt.%, whereas the void diameter is remarkably decreased with the titanium content. (orig.)

  15. La personalidad y sus trastornos desde una perspectiva sistémica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Luis Linares

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available La personalidad puede ser definida como la dimensión individual de la experiencia relacional acumulada, en diálogo entre pasado y presente y doblemente contextualizada por un substrato biológico y un marco cultural. La nutrición relacional es el motor que construye la personalidad, partiendo de una narrativa de la que se segrega la identidad, en estrecho contacto con la organización y la mitología de los sistemas de pertenencia y muy especialmente de la familia de origen. Las dos grandes dimensiones que definen la atmósfera relacional de ésta, la conyugalidad y la parentalidad, delimitan tres áreas de disfuncionalidad, a saber, las triangulaciones, las deprivaciones y las caotizaciones, en las que sientan sus bases los diversos trastornos de personalidad.

  16. Los numeros monograficos de la Revista Latinoamericana de Psicologia en sus 30 años

    OpenAIRE

    Jhon J. Sanabria

    1998-01-01

    En el presente escrito se revisan los números monográficos de la Revista Latinoamericana de Psicología en sus 30 años. Se propone una clasificación en cuatro grupos: temáticas de la psicología general, estado de la psicología en algún país de Latinoamérica, problemasde relevancia social relacionados con la psicología, y números conmemorativos de la propia revista. Finalmente se plantea cuál es la importancia de estos números tanto en su momento de publicación como más tarde....

  17. El control selectivo de las fronteras y la transnacionalización de sus resistencias

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barbero González, Iker

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available This article deals with an emergent phenomenon, the transnational networks in advocacy of immigrants’ rights. As a conjunction of multiple organizations (immigrant associations, NGOs, anti-globalization groups, trade unions..., these networks have realised the necessity of transnationalizing their action in order to defeat the European Union neoliberal policies of border control and labour supply.

    Este artículo trata un fenómeno relativamente reciente: las redes transnacionales por los derechos de los inmigrantes. Refiere a la confluencia de múltiples organizaciones (asociaciones inmigrantes, ONGs, grupos anti-globalización, sindicatos, etc., quienes son conscientes de la necesidad de transnacionalizar sus acciones de cara a contrarrestar las políticas neoliberales de control de fronteras y provisión de mano de obra provenientes desde la Unión Europea.

  18. El experimento mago de Oz y sus aplicaciones: una mirada retrospectiva

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CARLOS M. ZAPATA

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available En la Lingüística Computacional los corpus han sido uno de los recursos más utilizados para estudiar los diferentes fenómenos lingüísticos. La recopilación de corpus en los cuales se presenta interacción entre el humano y el computador presenta como problema fundamental los errores que se pueden inducir por parte del humano, cuyo lenguaje se simplifica en presencia del computador. Para realizar la recopilación de estos corpus se han empleado los Experimentos Mago de Oz (MDO. En este artículo se muestra una mirada retrospectiva del Experimento Mago de Oz, clasificando sus principales aplicaciones.

  19. Nostalgia por la escuela rural en los recuerdos de sus antiguos estudiantes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mercedes Suárez Pazos

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo es conocer a través del análisis de los recuerdos de antiguos estudiantes de escuelas rurales gallegas el papel que ocupaban en sus recuerdos y el significado del cambio de centro. Los narradores han establecido las diferencias vividas por ellos en su paso a los grupos escolares o a los colegios de religiosos. A pesar de que estos edificios poseen mejores instalaciones y mobiliario, estas ventajas no logran ocultar, a los ojos de los narradores, la consolidación del modelo de escuela cerrada. Y es la otra escuela, la que perdieron, junto con la su infancia, la que los narradores añoran.

  20. GLOBALIZACIÓN Y CIENCIA ECONÓMICA: APUNTES SOBRE MUCHAS EQUIVOCACIONES Y SUS REPETICIONES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Theotonio dos Santos

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo defiende la tesis de que la ciencia económica, bajo la forma del mainstrean neoliberal se convirtió en un obstáculo para la comprensión del sistema económico mundial. Sus recomendaciones buscan limitar el crecimiento económico en los países centrales y lanza las zonas dependientes en gran crisis. Esto ocurre en un momento de gran potencial de crecimiento, una nueva fase la de los ciclos largos de Kondratiev basada en las innovaciones generadas por la revolución técnico-científica. Se compara la ciencia económica actual a la Escolástica medieval que se convirtió en el obstáculo principal para la gran ofensiva modernizadora iniciada en el renacimiento.

  1. La reforma constitucional y sus efectos en las relaciones Iglesia-Estado

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María del Carmen García Aguilar

    2004-02-01

    Full Text Available A poco más de una década de la reforma de los artículos constitucionales 3º, 5º, 24, 27, y 130, esta comunicación intenta identificar los impactos sociopolíticos gestados por esta nueva legalidad en las relaciones Estado-iglesias. La reforma constitucional de 1992 que dota de personalidad jurídica a las instituciones religiosas y las iguala con las asociaciones civiles en derechos y obligaciones, marca un punto de inflexión no sólo en los enfoques del estudio de las instituciones eclesiales sino también, en el hecho religioso mismo y sus prácticas en Chiapas.

  2. La radio y sus sounds como maquinaria literaria: el estridentismo mexicano y su historia radial

    OpenAIRE

    Christiane Quandt

    2016-01-01

    La radio y el Estridentismo mexicanos se estrenan en el año 1921. Los estridentistas, entre ellos Luis Quintanilla (Kyn-Taniya), Germán List Arzubide, Arqueles Vela y Manuel Maples Arce, estaban fascinados por la transmisión inalámbrica, sus sonidos y ruidos. Esto dejaría huella en su producción poética. A la vez, el grupo colaboró con una de las primeras estaciones de radio en México. Es así que la metáfora radiofónica se encuentra en su poesía y se materializa con la transmisión de ”T.S.H.”...

  3. Representação social do terapeuta comunitário na rede SUS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina dos Santos Padilha

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available A aprovação da Política Nacional de Práticas Integrativas e Complementares dá subsídios para implantar a Terapia Comunitária no Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS, visando desenvolver nos profissionais e nas lideranças comunitárias as competências necessárias para lidar com as demandas psicossociais e promover redes de apoio social, ampliando a resolutividade da Atenção Básica. O objetivo deste estudo é descrever a representação social sobre o Terapeuta comunitário elaborada por profissionais de saúde da rede SUS. Participaram 27 profissionais que realizaram a formação em Terapia Comunitária oferecida em 2009 pela Secretaria de Estado da Saúde de Santa Catarina em parceria com o Ministério da Saúde. A coleta de dados utilizou a entrevista individual semidirigida e a análise foi realizada por meio da classificação hierárquica descendente. Os resultados revelam que existe uma representação social dos profissionais sobre o que é ser terapeuta comunitário, entendido como alguém que humaniza as relações interpessoais no setor saúde. No entanto, os profissionais da Atenção Primária são legatários de um modelo de prática grupal menos horizontalizado que os profissionais da Atenção Secundária, nesse trabalho representada pelos Centros de Atenção Psicossocial (CAPS.

  4. Sucesos estresantes y sus impactos en mujeres y jóvenes de la comunidad de cuitzeo, Michoacán: El ciclo de la migración México-EUA en sus familias

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nydia Obregón-Velasco

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo describe algunos sucesos de vida estresantes y los impactos que tienen en la salud de las mujeres y sus hijos jóvenes, a partir de la migración hacia EUA de algunos de sus familiares directos, lo cual favorece el ciclo de migración en la familia. Se utilizó la metodología cualitativa con un enfoque de participación-acción, aplicando grupos focales, entrevistas y observación participante durante diferentes actividades realizadas en la comunidad de Cuitzeo, Michoacán, tales como conferencias y talleres.

  5. Direito à saúde: o Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS) está em risco?

    OpenAIRE

    Campos, Gastão Wagner de Sousa; Bedrikow, Rubens; Santos, Júlia Amorim; Terra, Lilian Soares Vidal; Fernandes, Juliana Azevedo; Borges, Fabiano Tonaco

    2016-01-01

    O coletivo de Estudos e Apoio Paideia propôs o seminário “Direito à Saúde: o SUS está em risco?” para ampliar o debate com os atores sociais sobre os impasses atuais do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS) e os caminhos possíveis para a concretização do direito à saúde. Os participantes apresentaram propostas concretas que nos guiam para uma maior participação política e aprofundamento da democracia no SUS. The Paideia Collective of Research Support proposed the seminar “Right to Health Care: Is t...

  6. Total cross-sections assessment of neutron reaction with stainless steel SUS-310 contained in various nuclear data files

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Suwoto

    2002-01-01

    The integral testing of neutron cross-sections for Stainless Steel SUS-310 contained in various nuclear data files have been performed. The shielding benchmark calculations for Stainless Steel SUS-310 has been analysed through ORNL-Broomstick Experiment calculation which performed by MAERKER, R.E. at ORNL - USA ( 1) . Assessment with JENDL-3.1, JENDL-3.2, ENDF/B-IV, ENDF/B-VI nuclear data files and data from GEEL have also been carried out. The overall calculation results SUS-310 show in a good agreement with the experimental data, although, underestimate results appear below 3 MeV for all nuclear data files. These underestimation tendencies clearly caused by presented of iron nuclide which more than half in Stainless Steel compound. The total neutron cross-sections of iron nuclide contained in various nuclear data files relatively lower on that energy ranges

  7. Actitud del estudiante de ingeniería hacia sus errores en el aprendizaje de la matemática

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lissette Franchi Boscán

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Bajo cualquier esquema de enseñanza-aprendizaje de la matemática, cuando al alumno se le señalan errores en su trabajo, puede, en general, adoptar tres tipos de actitud: una actitud negativa, bajo la cual el alumno considera que sus errores son sencillamente un síntoma de su fracaso; una actitud neutra o indiferente ante sus errores; o una actitud positiva, considerándolos como un medio para aprender y planteándose como reto el superarlos. Este artículo muestra una investigación que abordó el estudio de actitudes vinculadas al proceso de aprendizaje de la matemática. Su objetivo fue describir la actitud que el estudiante de ingeniería de la Uni- versidad del Zulia exhibe frente a sus errores cuando aprende matemática. La sus tentación teórica se baso en Brousseau (2001, Briñol et al. (2007 y los autores Pallí y Martínez (2004. Se utilizó una escala AEAM (Actitud hacia el Error del Alumno de Matemática, tipo Likert con 6 alternativas de respuesta que consta de 36 ítems, en su segunda versión, actualizada por los autores. El instrumento fue validado mediante juicio de expertos y se determinó que era de alta confiabilidad, con un alpha de Cronbach de 0.9073. Se concluyó que los participantes, en su mayoría, mostraron una actitud moderadamente positiva hacia sus errores, que al no estar ubicada en el extremo positivo deseable refleja una actitud débil que no garantiza una conducta adecuada hacia los errores, pero que sin embargo es sus ceptible de ser mejorada hacia una actitud francamente positiva.

  8. LAS CREENCIAS SOBRE OBESIDAD DE NIÑOS Y NIÑAS EN EDAD ESCOLAR Y LAS DE SUS PROGENITORES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hilda Patricia Núñez Rivas

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available El propósito de este artículo es evidenciar, mediante el método etnográfico, las creencias sobre la obesidad de niños y niñas en edad escolar y las de sus progenitores, pertenecientes a una escuela urbana y pública de San José, Costa Rica. Los resultados apuntan hacia las creencias negativas de la niñez respecto a sus pares con obesidad y sus implicaciones psicosociales y afectivas. En relación con los progenitores se señalan las causas y estrategias de control, las implicaciones de la obesidad, referente a enfermedades físicas y emocionales; el papel del hogar y de la escuela en su prevención. Se concluye que los niños y las niñas creen que la obesidad no es una enfermedad, sino u na expresión fenotípica, a la cual le dan grado de relatividad o de escala y la consideran no deseable, resultado que concuerda con la de sus progenitores. Las niñas participantes con obesidad expresaron sus posiciones de defensa y molestia, en relación con experiencias burlescas. Al contrario de sus hijos e hijas, la mayoría de los progenitores sí cree que la obesidad es una enfermedad o un problema de salud o de estética. Además, estiman que esta se controla utilizando una dieta saludable y equilibrada, dando consejos sobre las consecuencias físicas y emocionales de la obesidad y ofreciendo modelos de personas saludables. Por lo tanto, los progenitores y el personal docente creen que la escuela poco puede hacer respecto a la alimentación saludable del alumnado, pues el hogar es el lugar que tiene un papel primordial.

  9. Seres monstruosos y cuerpos fragmentados. Sus representaciones en dos relatos fantásticos de Alberto Chimal

    OpenAIRE

    Caamaño M., Virginia

    2014-01-01

    En este estudio se analizan las estrategias formales y discursivas por medio de las cuales se construyen dos textos fantásticos del mexicano Alberto Chimal y se señalan sus rasgos específicos. Se destaca como eje fundamental de los relatos las actuaciones de sus protagonistas, quienes aparecen como monstruos, cuya presencia posibilita la irrupción de lo fantástico, la ambigüedad y lo siniestro. This study analyzes the formal and discursive strategies through which two fantasy texts by Mexi...

  10. La Asociación Latinoamericana de Sociología: una historia de sus primeros congresos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Blanco Alejandro

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available El examen de las asociaciones nacionales y regionales de sociología de América Latina, de su estructura y composición como de sus transformaciones es, todavía hoy, una asignatura pendiente en la historia de la disciplina. Este trabajo reconstruye la historia de los primeros años de la Asociación Latinoamericana de Sociología, intentando caracterizar su contexto de emergencia, sus principales rasgos y su papel en la formación de la sociología de la región.

  11. Libros adquiridos por don Pedro Fermín de Vargas en sus viajes por las Antillas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergio Elías Ortíz

    1962-04-01

    Full Text Available Entre los papeles relacionados con la vida de Don Pedro Fermín de Vargas, que pueden consultarse en el Archivo General de Indias de Sevilla, hay una carta de él y una lista de libros que envía al Administrador de Correos de la Habana, Don José Fuertes, antiguo amigo suyo, luego su corresponsal y a la  vez espía de sus pasos para aprisionarlo, con el objeto de que se los guardase “en algún rincón de sus casa”.

  12. Procedimiento para obtener un producto prebiótico de alto contenido en fibra soluble, dicho producto y sus aplicaciones

    OpenAIRE

    Rupérez Antón, Pilar; Mateos-Aparicio, Inmaculada

    2008-01-01

    Procedimiento para obtener un producto prebiótico de alto contenido en fibra soluble, dicho producto y sus aplicaciones. La presente invención describe un procedimiento para obtener un producto prebiótico de alto contenido en fibra soluble a partir del uso de fibra insoluble proveniente de residuos vegetales y de la aplicación de altas presiones. Así sus aplicaciones son como suplemento dietético natural rico en fibra en alimentos utilizándose a residuos de soja, subpr...

  13. La Modernidad y Sus Dilemas en la Era Del Mercado: ¿Hay Algún Futuro Posible?

    OpenAIRE

    Ibarra-Colado,Eduardo

    2010-01-01

    El trabajo discute a la globalización como el momento moderno que exacerba sus contradicciones, en tanto, proyecto civilizatorio basado en la ética de la dominación. Al iniciar en la conquista, se plantea la esencia de la modernidad como un proyecto basado en la fuerza y la violencia. Al imponerse hacia fuera, la modernidad inició sus propias disputas internas, que se tradujeron en la confrontación de dos proyectos, el basado en la razón instrumental y el mercado; y el basado en la razón de e...

  14. Low-cycle fatigue properties of SUS304 stainless steel in high-temperature sodium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hirano, M.; Komine, R.; Kitao, K.; Nihei, I.; Yoshitoshi, A.

    Low-cycle fatigue tests in sodium and in air have been performed to investigate the influence of a high-temperature sodium environment on the strain-controlled fatigue behaviour for SUS304 stainless steel. The oxygen concentration in sodium was 2.4 ppm at the cold trap temperature of 145 deg. C. Tests in both environments were conducted at 450 deg. C, 550 deg. C and 650 deg. C at a constant strain rate of 1x10 -3 /sec with a fully-reversed triangular waveform and a zero mean strain. The fatigue life of SUS304 stainless steel in sodium at 450 deg. C, 550 deg. C and 650 deg. C was greater than those in air at the same temperature except at higher strain range (>0.8%) at 650 deg. C, and this difference had a tendency to increase as the total strain range decreases. At the higher total strain range at 650 deg. C, there was no marked difference between both environments. As the temperature increased, the fatigue life in sodium and in air decreased, and the Nsub(f sodium)/Nsub(f air) ratio also decreased. Microscopic examination of specimens tested in sodium and in air at 450 deg. C, 550 deg. C and 650 deg. C revealed no difference in the microstructure, but few surface cracks were observed on specimens tested in sodium than in those tested in air. Fractography of specimens tested in air at 450 deg. C, 550 deg. C and 650 deg. C revealed well-defined striations. But, in sodium, striations on specimens tested at 450 deg. C and 550 deg. C showed obscure configuration and it was difficult to find out, whereas, at 650 deg. C in sodium intergranular fracture was observed. The specimens tested in sodium had a longer fatigue life than those tested in air because the latter are subjected to considerable oxidation, while the former are free of such chemical action. Accordingly, it is concluded that crack initiation and propagation are more likely to occur in air than in sodium. (author)

  15. El repertorio sefardí en sus géneros poéticomusicales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Weich-Shahak, Susana

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available In the communities that the Jews expelled from Spain established in their new diasporas, the Sephardi Jews preserved the memory of Medieval Spain. For five centuries they kept alive the language that they had spoken in the different regions of the Iberian Peninsula where they lived before their “exodus” and later on incorporated words and expressions from the languages of the peoples among whom they lived. They also preserved the musical repertoire that they brought from Spain and they transmitted it orally from generation to generation. This article deals with the three main genres that constitute the Judeo- Spanish musico-poetic repertoire: the Romancero, Coplas and Cancionero, presenting the criteria for their classification and pointing out the specific characteristics of each of them. Being the Romancero the genre with the deepest Hispanic roots, we offer here some concordances between the Sephardi Romancero and the romances collected from the oral tradition in Galicia.

    En las comunidades que los judíos expulsados de la Península establecieron en sus nuevas diásporas, los sefarditas preservaron la memoria de la España medieval. Durante cinco siglos mantuvieron viva la lengua que hablaran en las distintas regiones de la Península Ibérica donde habitaran antes de su “éxodo, incorporando al Judeo-español términos tomados de las lenguas habladas por los pueblos con los cuales los judíos sefarditas convivían. Llevaron asimismo el repertorio musical que conocieran, transmitiéndolo oralmente de generación en generación y enriqueciéndolo con eventuales creaciones. Este artículo se ocupa de los tres principales géneros poético-musicales que componen el repertorio sefardí: los romances, las coplas y las cantigas, exponiendo los criterios para la definición de los géneros y los rasgos que identifican a cada uno de ellos. Siendo el Romancero sefardí el que más evidencia sus raíces hispánicas, se ofrecen aqu

  16. GENERALIDADES DE LOS UREDINALES(Fungi: Basidiomycota Y DE SUS RELACIONES FILOGENÉTICAS

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    CATALINA MARÍA ZULUAGA

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN Los hongos-roya (Uredinales, Basidiomycetes representan uno de los grupos de microorganismos fitoparásitos más diversos y con mayor importancia económica mundial en la producción agrícola y forestal. Se caracterizan por ser patógenos obligados y por presentar una estrecha coevolución con sus hospedantes vegetales. Su taxonomía se ha basado fundamentalmente en el estudio de caracteres morfológicos, resultando en muchos casos en la formación de taxones polifiléticos. Sin embargo, en los últimos años se han tratado de incorporar herramientas moleculares que conduzcan a la generación de sistemas de clasificación basados en afinidades evolutivas. En esta revisión se ofrece una mirada general a las características de los uredinales, enfatizando en el surgimiento reciente de estudios filogenéticos que plantean la necesidad de establecer una profunda revisión de la taxonomía de este grupo. Finalmente se alerta sobre la necesidad de que en dichos estudios taxonómicos se incluya un alto número de especies de royas neotropicales, pues esta zona es reconocida no sólo por su alta diversidad de hongos-royas, sino también por las características únicas de sus ciclos de vida. Palabras clave: filogenia, hongos-roya, Puccinia, secuenciación, teliosporas. ABSTRACT Rust fungi (Uredinales, Basidiomycetes are one of the most diverse and economically important plant pathogens of crops world-wide. They are obligated parasites and have a close evolutionary relationship with their plant hosts. Taxonomy of this group has been based on morphological treats, resulting in generation of polyphyletic taxa. Recently, different studies have incorporated molecular techniques addressed to establishing evolutionary affinities between these fungi. This review presents a general view of the biological characteristics of rust fungi, with a detailed discussion on the phylogenetic studies regarding the group. Finally, the review proposes the necessity

  17. Demandas judiciais de medicamentos no SUS do Tocantins: contexto e perspectivas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elizangela Braga Andrade

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available A interferência do Poder Judiciário no âmbito das políticas públicas constitui importante paradigma da gestão do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS. O medicamento, fundamental na assistência à saúde, tornou-se frequente objeto requerido nas ações judiciais nas três esferas de gestão. Este artigo apresenta e discute os resultados preliminares de um estudo que analisou as demandas judiciais contra a Secretaria de Estado da Saúde do Tocantins, para fornecimento de medicamentos, de janeiro/2007 a dezembro/2009. Das 166 apresentações de medicamentos e 104 princípios ativos demandados, 161 apresentações (97% possuíam registro no Brasil. Ao correlacionar patologia diagnosticada com bulas dos medicamentos, 83% apresentavam indicação correlacionada, contra 17% sem indicação presente; inclusive 3% eram contraindicados. Consultórios e hospitais particulares responderam por 49% das prescrições de medicamentos, e postos de saúde, hospitais públicos e universidade representaram 50% das prescrições. Pneumologia, Cancerologia, Neurologia, Reumatologia e Psiquiatria foram as especialidades mais frequentes. Ministério Público e Defensoria Pública foram os principais autores dos processos judiciais (83% e escritórios particulares de advocacia responderam por 15% das ações. Os requerentes que mais demandaram estão nas faixas etárias de 1 a 19 anos (37% e de 61 a 82 anos (23%. Os gastos com medicamentos decorrentes de ações judiciais foram crescentes nos anos estudados. Os dados e propostas de melhoria aqui apresentados poderão contribuir para medidas adequadas e estratégias oportunas de aprimoramento da Política Estadual de Saúde, especialmente maior acesso à Assistência Farmacêutica o que representa, ainda, um grande e atual desafio do SUS.

  18. ¿Cómo escribir lo social después de la performatividad y sus obstrucciones?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ossandón, José

    2015-01-01

    a grandes rasgos similar, presentan diferentes formas de componer y demostrar sus tesis por escrito. Usando categorías tradicionales para distinguir géneros literarios, se puede decir que se encontraron libros de teoría social escritos como ensayo, como novela y como fábula. Segundo, a partir de una lectura...

  19. Augusto Comte y sus discípulos ortodoxos frente a la cuestión colonial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tonatiuh Useche Sandoval

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo presenta la oposición de Augusto Comte y sus discípulos al movimiento colonizador que emanó del Occidente europeo durante el siglo XIX. Aunque considera Europa como el centro de la Humanidad, Comte sostiene que la contribución europea al progreso de los pueblos menos avanzados no reside en la dominación colonial, sino en la difusión pacífica de una doctrina demostrable. En un primer momento se resume la apreciación globalmente negativa de Comte sobre la colonización moderna; luego se evocan sus propuestas para valorar a los colonizados y combatir los argumentos colonialistas; finalmente se toma el caso de la conquista francesa de Argelia para comparar la posición de Comte con la de Tocqueville y la de Enfantin. En un segundo momento se subraya la influencia moral que sus discípulos ejercieron en Inglaterra en contra de la colonización exterior. Se insiste después en el papel significativo que jugaron sus discípulos brasileros en contra de la colonización interior y en pro de la protección de los indígenas. Se concluye que el positivismo de Comte constituye una forma de eurocentrismo anticolonial.

  20. Role of the mRNA export factor Sus1 in oxidative stress tolerance in Candida albicans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiao, Chenpeng; Yu, Qilin; Zhang, Bing; Li, Jianrong; Zhang, Dan; Li, Mingchun

    2018-02-05

    In eukaryotes, the nuclear export of mRNAs is essential for gene expression. However, little is known about the role of mRNA nuclear export in the important fungal pathogen, Candida albicans. In this study, we identified C. albicans Sus1, a nucleus-localized protein that is required for mRNA export. Interestingly, the sus1Δ/Δ displayed hyper-sensitivity to extracellular oxidative stress, enhanced ROS accumulation and severe oxidative stress-related cell death. More strikingly, although the mutant exhibited normal activation of the expression of oxidative stress response (OSR) genes, it had attenuated activity of ROS scavenging system, which may be attributed to the defect in OSR mRNA export in this mutant. In addition, the virulence of the sus1Δ/Δ was seriously attenuated. Taken together, our findings provide evidence that the mRNA export factor Sus1 plays an important role in oxidative stress tolerance and pathogenesis. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  1. La diégesis cinematográfica y sus implicaciones didácticas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan de PABLOS PONS

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available El cine como «lenguaje universal» ha desarrollado y perfeccionado en sus casi cien años de existencia una capacidad comunicativa que ha sido explotada fundamentalmente desde la faceta del cine-ficción, pero también desde otras, como el periodismo audiovisual, la publicidad o la creación videografica. Colateralmente, el cine producido con fines educativos también es deudor de la eficacia comunicativa lograda por la evolución cinematográfica. Independientemente de que el mensaje audiovisual pueda ser presentado en soporte fotoquímico, electromagnético o emitido (por cable, vía satélite, televisión convencional, etc., la «escritura cinematográfica» deviene en un factor clave en el mundo de la comunicación actual, dado que la gran mayoría de las propuestas audiovisuales toman como base la narratividad cinematográfica.

  2. High frequency magnetotelluric and geoelectric researches in the Provita de Sus landslide area

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diacopolos, Constantin

    2010-05-01

    In the Provita de Sus area, high frequency magnetotelluric and geoelectric (Vertical Electric Soundings) measurements have been performed in order to delineate the landslide area. The high frequency magnetotelluric method uses the time variations of the natural electromagnetic field propagating inside the Earth and induces a secondary electromagnetic field, measured at the surface by special devices, in order to investigate the Earth's shallow electric conductivity structure. We performed these measurements aiming to point out the slide interface, as well as its the depth, and to establish the dip and strike of a relatively evident fault system from the studied area. The high frequency magnetotelluric data have been obtained in the frequency range 24 KHz - 1Hz by using a GMS 06 devices and the MAPROS software. For the geoelectric measurements we used the IntV3 resistivimeter, Schlumberger type array. This device version is designed for geophysical appliances allowing the soil resistivity measurements, under natural conditions of climate and land morphology. The field measurements led to a series of potential difference values expressed in micro V. The interpretation is based on the apparent resistivity resulting from the field measurements by using standard relation. The results highlight the usefulness of the geoelectric method for the landslide areas delineation, taking into account its user-friendliness, having all the technical facilities for measurement, processing and interpretation. The results are presented along two resistivity cross-sections, placed perpendicular and parallel to landslide surface.

  3. GEL OBTENIDO TRIBOQUÍMICAMENTE Y ELUCIDACIÓN DE SUS COMPONENTES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lilia Fernández

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo tiene como objetivo reportar un gel obtenido triboquimicamente en la reacción de Cannizzaro y la elucidación de sus componentes. La reacción entre benzaldehido e hidróxido de sodio llevada a cabo sin disolvente y agitando las fases (método triboquímico forma una suspensión que reacciona rápidamente (1 minuto, produciendo un gel blanco, el análisis infrarrojo arroja alcohol bencílico y benzoato de sodio. La difracción de rayos X confirma la fase continua del gel como benzoato de so dio. El análisis micrográfico del gel muestra una fase amorfa correspondiente al benzoato de sodio. La exposición del gel triboquímico a un rayo láser permite observar la dispersión de la luz. La técnica triboquímica es un proceso limpio acorde con los principios de la química verde. La espectroscopía en fa se sólida y de los líquidos sin disolventes contribuye al desarrollo de una química analítica verde.

  4. Introducción a los algoritmos genéticos y sus aplicaciones

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Piedad Tolmos Rodríguez-Piñero

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Los algoritmos genéticos son un logro más de la Inteligencia Artificial en su intento de replicar comportamientos biológicos, con los avances científicos que ello implica, mediante la computación. Se trata de algoritmos de búsqueda basados en la mecánica de la selección natural y de la genética. Utilizan la información histórica para encontrar nuevos puntos de búsqueda de una solución óptima del problema planteado, con esperanzas de mejorar los resultados. En el presente artículo se realizará una introducción a los Algoritmos Genéticos: qué son, de dónde proceden, y en qué difieren de otros métodos de búsqueda, comentándose, asimismo, sus aplicaciones principales.

  5. Gestão e subjetividade no SUS: o enfrentamento de impasses em tempos neoliberais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Leite Ferreira Neto

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste artigo é analisar processos de gestão e subjetividade no SUS, com base no reconhecimento da existência de dois modelos distintos. O primeiro é o preconizado pela Reforma Sanitária; o segundo, de corte neoliberal, é assumido pelo setor privado, mas afeta o contexto da saúde pública, dificultando seus avanços. O neoliberalismo é discutido como estratégia de governo dos homens, possuindo uma política de subjetivação individualista. São analisadas as propostas do movimento sanitário de gestão democrática e subjetividade solidária e seus impasses. Conclui-se que as saídas não se darão exclusivamente a partir de arranjos macropolíticos e devem incluir a construção efetiva de modos de gestão e de subjetividade que permitam aos indivíduos e aos coletivos reinventarem-se de forma crítica e solidária.

  6. CLÍNICA DO TRABALHO NO SUS: POSSIBILIDADE DE ESCUTA AOS TRABALHADORES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carla Garcia Bottega

    Full Text Available Resumo Este artigo discute a saúde do trabalhador e mais especificamente os aspectos relativos à saúde mental relacionada ao trabalho, a partir de entrevistas com 24 trabalhadores e trabalhadoras em situação de sofrimento e adoecimento. A utilização de um roteiro de entrevistas e o uso conjunto do SRQ-20 possibilitaram o entendimento da história do trabalhador, sua relação com o trabalho e de sua saúde em intrínseca associação com o vivido no espaço laboral. A proposta é que a discussão e os instrumentos utilizados possam servir para profissionais da saúde que necessitam fazer investigação diagnóstica da relação saúde mental e trabalho, além de trazer importantes questionamentos para construir uma proposta de acompanhamento terapêutico para o trabalhador ou trabalhadora que busca o serviço. O objetivo maior é o de subsidiar a construção de propostas para uma clínica em saúde mental e trabalho para os serviços do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS.

  7. Light-absorbing Aerosol Properties in the Kathmandu Valley during SusKat-ABC Field Campaign

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, S.; Yoon, S.; Kim, J.; Cho, C.; Jung, J.

    2013-12-01

    Light-absorbing aerosols, such as black carbon (BC), are major contributors to the atmospheric heating and the reduction of solar radiation reaching at the earth's surface. In this study, we investigate light-absorption and scattering properties of aerosols (i.e., BC mass concentration, aerosol solar-absorption/scattering efficiency) in the Kathmandu valley during Sustainable atmosphere for the Kathmandu valley (SusKat)-ABC campaign, from December 2012 to February 2013. Kathmandu City is among the most polluted cities in the world. However, there are only few past studies that provide basic understanding of air pollution in the Kathmandu Valley, which is not sufficient for designing effective mitigation measures (e.g., technological, financial, regulatory, legal and political measures, planning strategies). A distinct diurnal variation of BC mass concentration with two high peaks observed during wintertime dry monsoon period. BC mass concentration was found to be maximum around 09:00 and 20:00 local standard time (LST). Increased cars and cooking activities including substantial burning of wood and other biomass in the morning and in the evening contributed to high BC concentration. Low BC concentrations during the daytime can be explain by reduced vehicular movement and cooking activities. Also, the developmements of the boundary layer height and mountain-valley winds in the Kathmandu Valley paly a crucial role in the temproal variation of BC mass concentrations. Detailed radiative effects of light-absorbing aerosols will be presented.

  8. La democracia y sus supuestos: una perspectiva comparativa entre los conceptos de democracia Procedimental y Estructural

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maximiliano Emanuel Korstanje

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo trata sobre las cuestiones que hacen la percepción de los latinoamericanos con respecto a la democracia como figura de orden político. En el estado del arte, se traen a colación los trabajos más representativos en el área de la sociología política. Como marco referencial, se han escogido los trabajos de dos autores de renombre en la sociología política: José Luis de Imaz con su obra Sobre la identidad beroamericana, y de Martin Lipset, El hombre político. Desde el punto de vista de Imaz, se resalta la relación que existe entre la transculturación en América hispana en el siglo XIX y sus influencias en la vida democrática de la actualidad. Por el contrario, Lipset aporta otra perspectiva de análisis para el mismo problema, ¿Cómo hace la democracia para que coexistan dos elementos de por sí antagónicos bajo determinadas circunstancias? Legitimidad y Eficiencia. Ambos enfoques pretenden responder, de una u otra manera, a los interrogantes anteriormente planteados.

  9. La estructura de las organizaciones educativas y sus múltiples implicaciones

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabel Cantón Mayo

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available El estudio de los centros educativos en el marco general de la teoría de las organizaciones ha permitido grandes avances en su conocimiento científico, en formas de abordar su estudio y en las investigaciones que se generan sobre las escuelas entendidas desde la perspectiva genérica organizacional y desde la perspectiva específica por ser organizaciones que educan. En este artículo se presentan y estudian nuevas formas estructurales que permitan aplicar, conocer y utilizar sus ventajas e innovaciones en los centros educativos, al servicio de una mejor calidad en la educación que se imparte en ellos, en la idea de proporcionar una mejor alineación con el entorno en el que están inmersos y en la dinámica cambiante de la sociedad del conocimiento. Desde las formas estructurales más tradicionales como la organización formal e informal, a las más innovadoras como la organización en red, en trébol, adhocrática, etc. pueden dar una visión de los nuevos modelos emergentes en las organizaciones educativas.

  10. Riqueza por vivienda de los hogares y sus efectos amplificadores en el consumo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Ángel Morales Mosquera

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Este documento analiza los efectos que generan los cambios en la riquezade los hogares en el consumo agregado de la economía. Dado que el principalactivo en la riqueza de los hogares es la vivienda, es importante analizar sucomportamiento y entender los canales por los cuales el cambio en la valoración de este activo, puede generar cambios en la riqueza, y por ende, variaciones en el consumo agregado. Para ello se desarrolla un modelo en el que la vivienda hace de colateral y los hogares pueden realizar inversión en este sector. En el modelo se incluyen restricciones al crédito y costos de ajuste a la inversión, en orden de analizar sus implicaciones en el consumo. Al final, se obtiene que los hogares que enfrentan bajos costos de ajuste en la inversión y que, adicionalmente utilizan a la vivienda como colateral, enfrentan mayores fluctuaciones en el consumo dado el efecto del acelerador financiero.

  11. El Mercado Integrado Latinoamericano (MILA: sus expectativas y el impacto del latibex

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Armando Ortegón Rojas

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Los objetivos principales de este trabajo son: primero, evaluar el grado en que el comportamiento del Mercado de Valores Latinoamericanos en Euros, Latibex, explica el comportamiento del Mercado Integrado Latinoamericano, MILA, y los mercados accionarios de Colombia, Chile y Perú bajo el supuesto de que por transarse valores latinoamericanos en ambas plazas debe existir relación alguna en el comportamiento de sus í­ndices bursátiles. Esto se logra mediante un análisis de correlación lineal, exponencial y logarí­tmica. Segundo, conocer el comportamiento desde el año 2009 de los mercados accionarios mencionados recientemente, y su posible tendencia a corto plazo. Esto se logra mediante un análisis de regresión lineal, exponencial, logarí­tmica y cuadrática. Lo anterior arrojó que el comportamiento del MILA es explicado en un 90,6 % por el Latibex. Adicionalmente, analizado cada í­ndice bursátil como serie de tiempo, se observa que tienen un comportamiento decreciente en general a partir del año 2012, y con una tendencia a continuar decreciendo a corto plazo.

  12. El Vasallo Instruido en el Estado del Nuevo Reino de Granada y en sus respectivas obligaciones

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernardo Tovar Zambrano

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Joaquín de Finestrad: El Vasallo Instruido en el Estado del Nuevo Reino de Granada y en sus respectivas obligaciones, Bogotá: Universidad Nacional de Colombia, 2001. Transcripción e introducción por Margarita González. Por primera vez se publica de manera íntegra la obra de Joaquín de Finestrad, en una cuidadosa transcripción realizada por la historiadora Margarita González. Del Vasallo instruido sólo se conocía la edición parcial que los historiadores Eduardo Posada y Pedro María Ibáñez habían hecho a comienzos del siglo pasado. Para esta edición, los dos historiadores contaron con una copia del libro manuscrito que don Marco Fidel Suárez, cuando era Ministro de Instrucción Pública, les había entregado, la cual reposa en la Biblioteca Nacional.

  13. Comprender nuestra época a través de sus pantallas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier Serrano-Puche

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available En una sociedad dominada por las pantallas, resulta conveniente conocer la historia de este artefacto, de dónde nace, cómo se ha ido desarrollando y hacia dónde se encamina. Es lo que ofrece este libro, que se presenta como “un recorrido muy personal por la historia de la pantalla, un recorrido basado en asociaciones, metáforas, citas, recuerdos, versos, poemas, anuncios publicitarios, canciones y todo tipo de ‘textos’ –en el sentido semiótico del término– relacionados de alguna u otra manera con la pantalla, su evolución, sus usos y su imaginario” (p. 12. Su autor es Israel Márquez (Madrid, 1983, doctor europeo en ciencias de la información por la Universidad Complutense de Madrid y máster en sociedad de la información y el conocimiento por la Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (UOC.

  14. El Anuario de Historia Social y de la Cultura: sus orígenes y desarrollo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaime Jaramillo Uribe

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Al iniciarse la década de los sesentas, la carrera de Filosofía y Letras de la Universidad Nacional daba a los estudiantes la posibilidad de escoger, a partir del quinto semestre, una intensificación de los estudios en dirección a la filosofía o hacia la historia. Se creó entonces el Departamento de Historia y para fortificarlo y dotarlo de un órgano que recogiera el resultado de las investigaciones que adelantaban sus estudiantes y profesores se fundó el Anuario Colombiano de Historia Social y de la Cultura. Con la diferencia que va de lo grande a lo pequeño, la publicación quería seguir las huellas del órgano de la escuela francesa que lideraron Lucien Febvre y Marc Bloch que llevaba por título Annales de Économie, Societé et Civilisations. En nuestro caso no incluimos el título de Economía, porque pensábamos que ésta estaba implícita en lo social y por no alargar demasiado el título.

  15. La histerectomía laparoscópica y sus aspectos fundamentales

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    Raysy Sardiñas Ponce

    Full Text Available La histerectomía es una de las técnicas quirúrgicas empleada con mayor frecuencia para tratar las enfermedades uterinas benignas, en nuestro país el abordaje por mínimo acceso para su tratamiento gana terreno en el campo de la cirugía ginecológica. Se realizó una revisión bibliográfica para resumir información sobre la histerectomía laparoscópica. Se expuso los aspectos fundamentales sobre su evolución, la técnica quirúrgica, sus indicaciones, contraindicaciones y complicaciones, así como ventajas y desventajas respecto a otras vías de abordaje para la histerectomía. Todo esto con el fin de crear un material de apoyo actualizado sobre este tema para residentes de especialidades quirúrgicas que practiquen esta intervención. Se concluyó que la histerectomía laparoscópica es una alternativa eficaz y segura para pacientes que cumplan los criterios para esta vía de abordaje.

  16. Pobreza, deforestación y sus eventuales implicaciones para la biodiversidad en Guatemala

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ludger J. Loening

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo explora las causas de la deforestación y sus eventuales implicaciones para la pérdida de la biodiversidad en Guatemala. Se realiza un análisis empírico en el ámbito regional, el cual indica que las actividades agrícolas en las áreas rurales están fuertemente relacionadas a la deforestación, debido a la ausencia de activos no ambientales de los pobres, como por ejemplo la educación. En este contexto, el establecimiento excesivo de áreas protegidas dentro del país parece ser poco prometedor. El trabajo concluye que el fortalecimiento del sector no agrícola y la formación de capital humano deberían tomarse como elementos claves para una estrategia de desarrollo, que intente combinar conservación de la biodiversidad forestal y reducción de la pobreza rural.

  17. Pensando la violencia que ejercen los hombres contra sus parejas: problemas y cuestionamientos

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    Juan Carlos Ramírez Rodríguez

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo se propone problematizar algunos aspectos sobre la violencia doméstica masculina contra la pareja. En primer término se presentan a reflexión algunos datos de encuestas sobre la violencia doméstica masculina contra la pareja, en las que se incluye a los hombres como unidades de análisis. A partir de estos datos se introducen algunos puntos sobre la percepción estereotipada de los géneros. En segundo lugar se hace una breve anotación sobre las orientaciones que se utilizan en psicología para intervenir con hombres que ejercen violencia contra sus parejas y se hacen algunos señalamientos sobre las tipologías utilizadas. La tercera parte enfatiza la importancia de los contextos socioculturales como espacios de sentido y significación de la violencia doméstica masculina contra la pareja.

  18. Menores que agreden a sus padres: factores psíquicos, sociales y educativos

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    Carmen Bailín-Perarnau

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available La incidencia del fenómeno de la violencia filio-parental parece estar aumentando. Se ha utilizado un diseño descriptivo y transversal. La recogida de datos se ha realizado con encuestas, tests psicológicos y cuestionarios, aplicados a padres, menores, educadores de servicios sociales y profesionales de Salud Mental Infanto-Juvenil de Zaragoza y Huesca, España. Los principales resultados encontrados son: los menores agresores son varones adolescentes; la madre es la persona más agredida; existen más casos de familias con niveles socioeconómicos bajos; la adopción puede ser un elemento característico de estas familias, pero no, la separación de los padres; estos adolescentes presentan problemas escolares y trastorno de hiperactividad con déficit de atención, asimismo consumen drogas; la violencia de género y el maltrato infantil están presentes. Además, se ha comprobado que se aplican diferentes medidas rehabilitadoras siendo el modelo de psicoterapia más utilizado el sistémico familiar y parece elevado el número de menores con tratamiento farmacológico. Los hallazgos obtenidos servirán de guía para orientar la intervención y ajustar los servicios a las necesidades de estos menores y de sus familias.

  19. URSS-USA : las artes de sus ideales en la fotografía

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    Juan Pando Despierto

    1991-01-01

    Full Text Available La desarticulación de la Unión Soviética en agosto-septiembre de 1991, rompe el gran debate gráfico que dos sistemas, dos ideologías y dos sociedades, habían mantenido desde el momento mismo en que ambas voluntades quedaron como las «únicas posibles» luego de la gran convulsión de 1939-45. Sería extremadamente simple sintetizar la formidable pugna como un debate entre comunismo y capitalismo. En realidad, se trataba de dos estrategias más que de dos revoluciones, con sus estéticas y deontologías respectivas, con lo que los ideales, al final, se encontraban seriamente amenazados en el núcleo mismo donde se formaban. Ahora sólo permanece en pie una de estas fuerzas, pero en modo alguno puede considerarse ésta el ideal triunfante, sino tan sólo el ideal subsistente, es decir, el que todavía no se ha formado.

  20. La Gran Guerra y sus impactos locales. Rosario, Argentina 1914-1920

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    Cecilia M. Pascual

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo aborda el impacto de la Gran Guerra en la ciudad de Rosario, Argentina. Releva sus impactos económicos y los significados que se les asignaron. Analiza las formas en que los actores sociales intentaron hacer frente a los efectos críticos del conflicto mundial: encarecimiento de los productos primarios, desabastecimiento y desocupación. En este campo resultan importantes la producción de ferias francas, la construcción de mercados municipales y el abasto directo de productos primarios por parte del municipio. Ante la dimensión y duración del paro, las autoridades comenzaron a tejer nuevas estrategias para intervenir sobre este fenómeno. Se observa una transición de unas estrategias gubernamentales basadas en la represión y la segregación a otras emparentadas con la asistencia y la ayuda social. Si bien estas nuevas herramientas de intervención no tendieron a perdurar y manifestaron su carácter coyuntural y paliativo, una vez superada la crisis, hacia mediados de los años 1920, organizaron el debate sobre la producción de nuevas políticas municipales y del reformismo local.

  1. Virulencia de cepas de Listeria monocytogenes procedentes de cabras y sus derivados

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    Guicela Ramírez Bernal

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Se evaluó la virulencia de cepas de Listeria monocytogenes todas de serotipo 4b procedentes de cabras y sus derivados. Se observaron niveles de virulencia variables cuando se comparó la virulencia relativa (porcentaje de letalidad en ratones BALB/c inoculados vía intravenosa o intragástrica y su capacidad para infectar macrófagos J774A.1, y células epiteliales Caco-2. Dos cepas obtenidas de alimento de cabras produjeron 100 % de letalidad por ambas vías de inoculación y no mostraron diferencia significativa con la cepa testigo (P>0.05 respecto al porcentaje de invasión y a los parámetros de la cinética de crecimiento cuadrática observada en ambas líneas celulares. Si bien todas las cepas lograron invadir las células Caco-2, solamente algunas consiguieron invadir el bazo después de la inoculación por vía intragástrica. Las dos cepas provenientes de alimento de cabras fueron las más virulentas, representando un riesgo para la salud humana y animal, ya que pueden ser diseminadas en el hato y de este a otras explotaciones o a las instalaciones donde se elaboran alimentos.

  2. Cuidado sensible destinado a la familia con uno de sus miembros hospitalizado

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    Silvia da Silva Santos Passos

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available El cuidado sensible demanda acciones de enfermería de orden subjetivo, contemplando la razón sensible, la creatividad, la estética, la solidaridad, la libertad y el compañerismo, en asociación con el cuidado humanizado. El cuidado destinado a la familia que acompaña a un pariente hospitalizado requiere, del equipo de enfermería, un involucramiento para percibir, en la subjetividad, un cuidado del orden de lo sensible. Con la finalidad de contribuir para las discusiones sobre el cuidado al familiar en el ambiente hospitalario, tenemos como objetivo reflexionar sobre nuestra práctica dentro de esa perspectiva. Esa reflexión se fundamenta en la Sociología Comprensiva del sociólogo Michel Maffesoli. La enfermera pone en práctica la racionalidad instrumental para mantener las normas institucionales, el orden y la disciplina y, por otro lado, utiliza la racionalidad abierta al escuchar a la familia y comprender sus necesidades y fragilidades, poniendo en práctica el real sentido para el cuidado.

  3. Una metodología para historia, la escuela y sus actores

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    Fernando Piñeres Royero

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Conocí al profesor Reynaldo Mora Mora cuando se formaba como magíster y se desempeñó luego como tutor en el Programa de Maestría en Administración y Supervisión Educativa de la Universidad Externado de Colombia, convenio con la Corporación Universitaria de la Costa, CUC (Barranquilla. Corrían los años 90, y desde ese entonces hemos conservado este diálogo por la educación, ahora a través de sus Tribunas Pedagógicas, pensadas para el debate con la comunidad académica, compartiendo la tarea de dar a conocer la vida de los educadores, para su caso, el de los educadores del Caribe colombiano, como él siempre añora a ese “Caribe que es amor, playa, brisa y mar”, que nos lleva a quienes habitamos esta region a estar muy relacionadoscon el contexto.

  4. Sintering and Microstructures of SUS 316L Powder Produced by 3D Printing Process

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    Kim W.J.

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Selective laser sintering (SLS is a type of laminating sintering technique, using CO2 laser with (metal, polymer, and ceramic powders. In this result, the flake SUS 316L was used to achieve a high porous product, and compare to spherical type. After SLS, the porosity of flake-type sample with 34% was quite higher than that of the spherical-type one that had only 11%. The surface roughness of the flake SLS sample were also investigated in both inner and surface parts. The results show that the deviation of the roughness of the surface part is about 64.40μm, while that of the internal one was about 117.65μm, which presents the containing of high porosity in the uneven surfaces. With the process using spherical powder, the sample was quite dense, however, some initial particles still remained as a result of less energy received at the beneath of the processing layer.

  5. De Castilla al Oriente Portugués: cuatro medinenses y sus escritos luso-castellanos

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    Alonso Romo, Eduardo Javier

    2002-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this essay is to trace the itinerary of four Jesuit priests, born in Medina del Campo, whose life and works in the Portuguese missions in Asia have not yet been studied. The sum of their lives embraces the first century of the history of the Society of Jesus and, through them we can observe the evolution of the Spanish and Portuguese presence in those lands. The article focuses on their writings, a valuable example of portuguese-spanish bilingualism.

    En este artículo seguimos la huella de cuatro jesuitas, naturales de Medina del Campo, que marcharon a las misiones portuguesas de Asia y que, a pesar de su interés, no han sido estudiados hasta ahora. Entre los cuatro abarcan el primer siglo de historia de la Compañía de Jesús y, a través de ellos, se puede ver la evolución de la presencia hispano-lusa en aquellas tierras. Especial atención nos merecen sus escritos, buena muestra de bilingüismo luso-castellano, que constituyen nuestra fuente principal.

  6. Los concheros de Baja California y sus perspectivas de investigación

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    Agustín Téllez Duarte

    1987-09-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo pretende enfatizar sobre la presencia de conchas en sitios arqueológicos, los cuales nos proporcionan una gran cantidad de información cultural sobre los asentamientos humanos, particularmente en los concheros de Baja California. En Baja California se localizan en forma intermitente a todo lo largo de sus costas, tanto en el golfo de California como en el Pacífico. Con este proyecto se pretende rescatar aquellas colecciones que aún puedan conservarse, considerando que las excavaciones de Palmer fueron muy productivas a pesar de haber sido relativamente pequeñas. Se espera que este primer intento de excavación arqueológica-científica de un conchero proporcione datos relevantes para comprender más ampliamente la organización de las antiguas sociedades humanas de Baja California, antes de que se pierdan totalmente los testimonios legados. Y a su vez, motive un mayor interés y apoyo en el estudio de los casi ignorados concheros.

  7. La Resonancia J/$\\psi$ y Sus Implicaciones Para La Masa Del W

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sanchez-Hernandez, Alberto [Mexico, ESFM

    1995-01-01

    Es un placer agradecer a mi asesor el doctor Heriberto Castilla Valdez por brindarme sus conocimientos, experiencia y paciencia en el desarrollo de esta tesis; tambien quiero agradecer al profesor H.E. Fisk, por su apoyo econemico en mi estancia en Fermilab. De igual forma agradezco a los doctores Arturo Fernandez Telles, Miguel Angel Perez Angen y Rebeca Juarez Wisozka quienes me introdujeron al campo de la fisica experimental de altas energfas. Agradezco tambien a Maribel Rios Cruz, Ruben Flores Mendieta, Juan Morales Corona, Fabiola Vazquez Valencia, Salvador Carrillo Moreno y Cecilia Uribe Estrada por su amistad y compaiierismo durante el desarrollo de mi maestria. Un especial agradecimiento a Ian Adam y Kina Denisenko por su valiosa ayuda, comentarios y discusiones durante mi estancia en Fermilab. Por ultimo quisiera agradecer a mis profesores, amigos y familiares quienes siempre me apoyaron y alentaron y al Consejo N acional de Ciencia y Tecnologfa asf como al Departamento de Fisica de Cinvestav por su apoyo econemlco.

  8. Technological incorporation in the Unified Health System (SUS: the problem and ensuing challenges

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    Reinaldo Guimarães

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Technological incorporation is a central topic among the concerns regarding health care systems. This paper discusses the role of technology dynamics in health systems' cost increases, suggesting two different approaches - a 'pragmatic-economic' approach and a 'rational-defensive' approach - as guidelines to explain the reasons for this centrality. The paper shows how judicialization results from this situation and discusses two doctrinal views - 'reserve for contingencies' and 'rational use' - as the views that usually guide the debates in the courts and among health policy makers. The paper suggests that the attitude currently prevalent in the Brazilian judiciary system can prejudice the principle of equity by improperly evaluating the principle of integrality. We present a brief genealogy of HTA and a timeline of HTA in Brazil. We also discuss the relevance and the impact of Law 12401/2011, which regulates the principle of integrality in the Unified Health System (SUS and propose three challenges to the development of HTA actions aiming at technology incorporation in Brazil. Finally, we discuss the entry and the role of private health insurance companies, emphasizing changes in the scenario and in their position.

  9. Antecedentes del éxito de la relación entre restaurantes y sus clientes

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    Maria Fuentes-Blasco

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available En el contexto de servicios turísticos, donde la competencia cada vez es más intensa, el desarrollo y mantenimiento de relaciones a largo plazo empresa-cliente se ha convertido en una fuente de ventaja competitiva para las organizaciones proveedoras de servicios. Sin embargo, un alto porcentaje de estas relaciones fracasan. Además, existe una evidencia empírica limitada acerca de este ámbito de estudio en la industria turística, y muy especialmente en el sector de la hostelería. Ante este reto, el objetivo del presente trabajo es analizar los antecedentes del éxito de la relación restaurante-cliente a partir de una secuencia causal: dimensiones del valor entregado  confianza y compromiso  éxito de la relación. A partir de una muestra de 150 restaurantes, los resultados indican que la calidad de servicio y el prestigio, como elementos del valor entregado, son antecedentes directos del compromiso del gestor del servicio con su grupo de clientes e indirectos del éxito de la relación empresa-cliente. Además, la confianza del gestor del servicio con sus clientes y el compromiso que adquiere con ellos se convierten en antecedentes significativos del éxito de la relación con los mismos.

  10. Modelado de Amortiguadores guiado por sus Diagramas Característicos

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    Jorge de-J. Lozoya-Santos

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Resumen: Una metodología para modelar amortiguadores guiada por sus diagramas característicos es presentada y validada. Los diagramas característicos del amortiguador son construidos a partir de datos experimentales generados por pruebas estándar: fuerza versus desplazamiento y velocidad versus aceleración. Estos son explorados en las frecuencias de interés. Los diagramas son clasificados en siete patrones, los cuales sirven de guía para construir el modelo matemático el cual puede identificarse con algoritmos convencionales. La metodología es validada con cuatro amortiguadores comerciales de diferentes tecnologías, obteniendo resultados con errores de estimación menores al 5%. Abstract: A methodology for modeling guided by its characteristic damping diagrams is proposed. From experimental data generated by standard tests the damper characteristic diagrams are constructed, which considers the force versus displacement, velocity and acceleration for the frequencies of interest. These characteristic diagrams can be classified into seven patterns, which serve as a guide to build the same mathematical model that can be identified with algorithms conventional. The methodology was validated with four different technologies of commercial dampers. The precision of the results presented errors less than 5%. Keywords: semi-active damper passive damper modeling methodology simulation, Palabras clave: amortiguador semi-activo, amortiguador pasivo, modelado, metodología, simulación

  11. Transtornos de alimentación en adolescentes y sus implicancias en la salud bucal

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    Lorena Flores Barrantes

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Los trastornos de alimentación hoy en día son uno de los problemas más importantes que pone en riesgo la salud y a veces hasta la vida de muchos adolescentes en el mundo. Las causas de los trastornos de alimentación son aún desconocidas sin embargo factores sociales, culturales, genéticos y psiquiátricos serían los posibles causales de esta enfermedad. Trastornos como la anorexia y la bulimia nerviosa han venido siendo estudiados por mayor tiempo, sin embargo hoy se conocen otros tipos de alteraciones las cuales ya son consideras como desordenes de alimentación y que requieren tratamiento multidisciplinario. En la cavidad oral de pacientes con desordenes alimenticios podemos encontrar algunos signos que nos hacen sospechar del problema o nos confirman el mismo, estos deben ser conocidos por el odontólogo para su diagnóstico oportuno y adecuado manejo. El objetivo del presente artículo de revisión es proporcionar al odontólogo los conocimientos generales sobre los diferentes tipos de trastornos alimenticios así como sus signos y síntomas para dar un correcto diagnóstico y acertado tratamiento.

  12. Impasses no processo de regionalização do SUS: tramas locais

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    Edson Coutinho da Silva

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Regionalização do SUS visa reforçar e potencializar esforços e medidas envolvendo a organização dos sistemas local e regional de saúde, mediante articulação de todos os envolvidos. Os entraves que costumam dificultar o processo de regionalização estão relacionados às tensões e aos conflitos entre os objetivos, a integração e os fatores políticos. Este artigo se propõe a refletir sobre o processo de regionalização do ponto de vista político-administrativo, destacando questões relativas à autonomia local decorrente do processo de municipalização. Dito de outro modo, se o processo de municipalização da saúde ocorrido nas últimas décadas fortaleceu a autonomia política dos municípios, a proposta de racionalizar a estrutura de serviços por meio da regionalização seguiu uma lógica mais administrativa. Mas, como vimos na região do Grande ABC paulista, por exemplo, a dimensão política do processo se impõe de qualquer maneira, sobretudo nos jogos de poder na defesa de interesses locais.

  13. Process improvement in SUS as a nearest proposal of changes: pilot study

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    Fernando Luiz Affonso Fonseca

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Among the possibilities of organizational changes in the SUS, as the model of Galbraith, which includes the strategy (system directions, structure (hierarchy and decision- making flow, processes (workflows, People (skills and Reward ( motivation, those related to the processes are, in the view of this article, among the closest of success. In the case of Basic Health Units (BHU, receiving a very large flow of people, with spontaneous demand and schedules, it is important to take care of the logistics of care, avoiding unnecessary presence in BHU. Teams of Sorocaba's BHU, through the Continuing Education Strategy, were encouraged to discussions and find ways for customer service improvements. The sheer volume of people daily in units seen as a problem which compromised the quality of care is what motivated the analysis and improvement of processes. Using methods of process modeling, indicators and change management, have improved two processes related to the flow of people in UBS, the patients with multiple schedules in the same month and the patients who seek continuous use drugs.

  14. EL MAESTRO ORLANDO FALS BORDA SUS IDEAS EDUCATIVAS Y SOCIALES PARA EL CAMBIO EN LA SOCIEDAD COLOMBIANA

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    Javier Ocampo López

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo de investigación de HISULA en la serie de Educadores Latinoamericanos tiene por objeto el estudio de las ideas educativas y la metodología científica de la Investigación-Acción Participativa del educador Dr. Orlando Fals Borda, uno de los grandes ideólogos de la educación universitaria en Colombia. Se preocupa por el análisis de sus principales obras relacionadas con el estudio sociológico de los campesinos de los Andes y el Hombre y la Tierra en la región cundiboyacense del Altiplano Andino. Este ilustre educador barranquillero hizo sus trabajos de investigación sociológica del pueblo colombiano y defendió el papel de la educación en el cambio social. Con su metodología de la investigación-acción participativa señaló los nuevos rumbos de la educación colombiana centrada en el alumno y en la filosofía del "aprender haciendo". En sus actividades docentes formó una generación de sociólogos dedicados a la investigación social en una época de crisis y de cambios. Por ello su acción se realizó en la Facultad de Sociología de la Universidad Nacional y en sus investigaciones científicas y educativas, destacando su metodología de "La investigación-Acción Participativa". Su actuación fue definitiva como ideólogo de la Constitución Nacional de 1991, en la cual se plasmaron algunas de sus ideas.

  15. THE POLYMORPHISM OF THE SUS4 SUCROSE SYNTHASE DOMAIN SEQUENCES IN RUSSIAN, BELORUSSIAN AND KAZAKH POTATO CULTIVARS

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    M. A. Slugina

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The potato is one of the main strategic crops in the Russian Federation, Belarus and Kazakhstan. Currently, we have achieved significant advances in the understanding of metabolic mechanism of carbohydrate and interconversion «sucrose – starch» in potato tubers. Sucrose synthase (Sus is a key enzyme in the breakdown of sucrose. Sucrose synthase (Sus is catalyzing a reversible reaction of conversion sucrose and UDP into fructose and UDP-glucose. The identification and subsequent characterization of the genes encoding plant sucrose synthase is the first step towards understanding their physiological roles and metabolic mechanism involved in carbohydrate accumulation in potato tubers. In the present work the nucleotide and amino acid polymorphism of the Sus4 gene fragments containing sequences of the sucrose synthase domain were analyzed. Sus4 gene fragments (intron III – exon VI in 9 potato cultivars of Russian, Kazakh and Belarusian breeding were analyzed. The polymorphism of the Sus4 sucrose synthase domain sequences was first examined. The length of analyzed fragment varied from 977 b.p. (cultivars Favorit, Karasaiskii, Miras to 1013 b.p. (cultivars Zorochka, Manifest, Elisaveta, Bashkirskii. It was demonstrated that the examined sequences contained point mutations, as well as insertions and deletions. The common polymorphism level was 5.82%. It was shown that the examined sequences contained 58 SNPs and 4 indels. The most variable were introns IV (12.4% and V (9.18%. The most variable was exon IV. 7 allelic variants were detected. 6 different amino acid sequences specific to different varieties were also identified.

  16. Tabaquismo y sus características en trabajadores de la salud

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    Patricia Varona Pérez

    2000-06-01

    Full Text Available Los médicos y otros profesionales de la salud constituyen importantes fuentes de influencia para lograr cambios positivos de los niveles de tabaquismo en la comunidad. Se presentan los resultados de un estudio transversal en 221 trabajadores de la salud, del municipio Centro Habana. Su objetivo determinar en ellos la prevalencia del tabaquismo y sus características, cómo percibían el riesgo de fumar, e identificar propuestas para reducir la frecuencia de fumadores y el consumo de cigarrillos. Se aplicaron técnicas cuantitativas y cualitativas de investigación (grupos focales. El cuestionario incluyó variables sociodemográficas, variables relacionadas con el consumo, y variables relacionadas con la percepción del riesgo de fumar. En lo cualitativo, se exploraron propuestas para reducir esta conducta. El 32 % de los médicos y el 46 % de las enfermeras fumaban en el momento de la encuesta. Los médicos aportaron más fumadores moderados y severos, y se sintieron menos limitados a fumar en sus centros de trabajo que las enfermeras. El 17 % de ellos y el 20 % de las enfermeras aceptó que fumar le representó más beneficios que daños. En ambos grupos se evidenció una percepción distorsionada del riesgo de fumar. Entre las propuestas hechas por los propios trabajadores, que deberán tenerse en cuenta al implementar proyectos de intervención, se encontraron: fortalecer en la atención primaria los servicios de cesación para fumadores, hacer cumplir en los centros de salud las regulaciones para fumar, aplicar sanciones a los violadores de lo reglamentado y divulgar de manera sistemática la importancia de la función modélica de los médicos y enfermeras, como importantes agentes de cambios en la sociedadPhysicians and other health professionals are important sources of influence to attain positive changes of the smoking levels. The results of a cross-sectional study of 221 health workers from the Centro Habana municipality are shown in

  17. Importancia de la «voz del alumno» para descubrir sus necesidades

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    Elena María DÍAZ PAREJA

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: Construir una escuela inclusiva, que atienda las necesidades de todos los alumnos, se ha convertido en nuestros días en un objetivo primordial de la educación comprensiva. Muchos son los estudios que se han centrado en comprobar los resultados de este proceso de inclusión y en la figura de los alumnos con necesidades educativas especiales, considerando los elementos necesarios para conseguir su integración, su rendimiento, su adaptación social, sus interacciones con los compañeros, etc. Sin embargo, muchas veces se ha olvidado contar con la opinión de los propios «afectados»: los alumnos. Si realmente se quiere atender las necesidades de éstos, lo más lógico es recurrir a ellos para conocer cómo perciben la situación y descubrir cuáles son sus verdaderas necesidades. Este artículo presenta la visión que tiene el alumno sobre su propia realidad.ABSTRACT: Inclusive schools meeting the needs of all students are a primary goal of all general education. Much research has been done on the results of inclusión, on students with special needs, and on what is necessary for their integration, adequate performance, social adaptation, peer interaction, etc. However, their own view has often been ignored: if the aim is to meet these student's needs, their perceptions should be taken into account for a more accurate assessment of what their needs really are. This paper shows the student's view of their reality.RÉSUMÉ: Construiré une école inclusif exige qu'elle préte attention aux nécessités de tout les eleves, c'est devenu de nos jours un objectif fondamental de l'éducation. Beaucoup sont les travails qu'on centré á confirmer les résultats de ce proces et dans la figure des eleves avec nécessités éducatifs spéciaux, ayant consideré les ressources nécessaires pour obtenir leur integration, leur rendement, leur adaptation sociale, leurs interactions avec leurs compagnons... Mais quelques fois on a pas pris en compte

  18. El Riesgo de Auditoria y sus Efectos sobre el Trabajo del Auditor Independiente

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    Vernor Mesén Figueroa

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available En un contexto mundial donde la información financiera se haconvertido en uno de los principales insumos, tanto para el desarrollodel comercio internacional como para la toma de decisionesfinancieras y económicas, resulta de suma importancia que lascifras de los estados financieros de toda entidad presenten, de formarazonable, la posición financiera, los resultados de operación y losflujos de efectivo de éstas. Es así como durante las últimas décadas,el trabajo de los auditores independientes ha venido tomando unaenorme transcendencia en vista de que, cada vez más, sus opinionesindependientes otorgan credibilidad y validez a la informaciónfinanciera de toda entidad, la cual es tan requerida por entidadesbancarias, accionistas, gobierno y público en general. El presenteestudio pretende reseñar cuál es la naturaleza del trabajo del auditorindependiente y, por ende, cuáles son los pasos que éste debe seguirpara desarrollar una auditoria de estados financieros. De igual forma,se analiza el concepto de riesgo de auditoria, sus componentes ylos efectos que dicho riesgo tiene sobre la naturaleza, extensión yoportunidad de las respuestas globales, pruebas de control y pruebassustantivas que un auditor independiente desarrolla con el propósitode determinar la razonabilidad de las cifras de los estados financierosde una entidad. Finalmente, se presentan guías de carácter general yespecífico que sirven de elemento orientador para que los auditoresindependientes estén en capacidad de desarrollar procedimientosde auditoria los cuales les permitan realizar trabajos de auditoriafinanciera con niveles de riesgo de auditoria aceptablemente bajos.   ABSTRACT In the global environment where financial informationhas become a main ingredient both to international tradedevelopment and to financial and economic decision making,it is of paramount importance that the financial figures in thefinancial statements of corporations reasonably show

  19. Acceso a la financiación en Pymes colombianas: una mirada desde sus indicadores financieros

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mary A. Vera-Colina

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta un análisis de las fuentes de financiación utilizadas por las Pymes colombianas y su relación con indicadores de gestión financiera, con la finalidad de identificar algunas de las causas que pueden estar originando situaciones problemáticas en su desempeño. Se realizó una investigación cuantitativa, de tipo explicativo, no experimental, longitudinal, exploratorio y correlacional; la población estuvo conformada por 4.168 Pymes colombianas que reportan sus estados financieros a la Superintendencia de Sociedades en el período 2004-2009. Los resultados muestran que las Pymes se financian principalmente con recursos propios, en menor grado con pasivos de corto plazo y en baja proporción con pasivos de largo plazo, siguiendo un patrón similar al explicado por la teoría de selección jerárquica (pecking order theory; igualmente, los estadísticos sugieren limitaciones importantes para generar ingresos y atraer fuentes de financiación que fortalezcan su desempeño. Los indicadores de liquidez, eficiencia y rentabilidad evidencian una situación desfavorable para el sector, obstaculizando la obtención de nuevos recursos. Finalmente, del análisis correlacional se infiere que los indicadores de eficiencia en la gestión empresarial son los que más se asocian significativamente con el acceso a fuentes de financiación externas a las organizaciones.

  20. El Desguante craneorbitofacial como abordaje craneofacial y sus aplicaciones clínicas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rubén Muñoz

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available El propósito de este estudio es describir la técnica quirúrgica para el abordaje del tercio superior y medio facial para cirugía craneofacial. Es un método de disección del macizo craneofacial que utiliza incisiones palpebrales tipo blefaroplastia, incisión bicoronal, incisión endonasal supracartilaginosa bilateral y dependiendo de las necesidades el Cirujano, abordajes preauriculares tipo Ritidectomía. La técnica está indicada en pacientes con múltiples fracturas cráneo-faciales y sus secuelas, tumores craneofaciales benignos, malignos y corrección de deformidades craneofaciales. En el presente estudio se reporta dos casos de pacientes que asistieron al Servicio de Cirugia Bucal y Maxilofacial del Hospital Universitario "Dr Angel Larralde", presentado secuela de fractura frontal y Naso-órbito-etmoidal Tipo III, ambos con una evolución de 6 meses. Se decide su resolución mediante abordaje craneorbitofacial (The Dismasking Flap, reconstrucción del tercio superior y medio facial mediante material de  osteosíntesis, así como desfuncionalización del seno frontal y reconstrucción de la pared anterior. Como resultado, no se evidencio compromiso de la mímica facial ni de la sensibilidad. En conclusión el abordaje craniorbitofacial es una herramienta para el abordaje de fracturas craneofaciales, recontrucciones craneofaciales, resección de tumores de la fosa craneal anterior, cirugía microvascular y trasplante facial.