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Sample records for surveg issn 1048-6836

  1. ISSN Exercise & Sport Nutrition Review: Research & Recommendations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mendel Ron

    2004-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Sport nutrition is a constantly evolving field with literally thousands of research papers published annually. For this reason, keeping up to date with the literature is often difficult. This paper presents a well-referenced overview of the current state of the science related to how to optimize training through nutrition. More specifically, this article discusses: 1. how to evaluate the scientific merit of nutritional supplements; 2. general nutritional strategies to optimize performance and enhance recovery; and, 3. our current understanding of the available science behind weight gain, weight loss, and performance enhancement supplements. Our hope is that ISSN members find this review useful in their daily practice and consultation with their clients.

  2. ISSN exercise & sport nutrition review: research & recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    Sports nutrition is a constantly evolving field with hundreds of research papers published annually. For this reason, keeping up to date with the literature is often difficult. This paper is a five year update of the sports nutrition review article published as the lead paper to launch the JISSN in 2004 and presents a well-referenced overview of the current state of the science related to how to optimize training and athletic performance through nutrition. More specifically, this paper provides an overview of: 1.) The definitional category of ergogenic aids and dietary supplements; 2.) How dietary supplements are legally regulated; 3.) How to evaluate the scientific merit of nutritional supplements; 4.) General nutritional strategies to optimize performance and enhance recovery; and, 5.) An overview of our current understanding of the ergogenic value of nutrition and dietary supplementation in regards to weight gain, weight loss, and performance enhancement. Our hope is that ISSN members and individuals interested in sports nutrition find this review useful in their daily practice and consultation with their clients.

  3. ISSN exercise & sport nutrition review: research & recommendations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mendel Ron

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Sports nutrition is a constantly evolving field with hundreds of research papers published annually. For this reason, keeping up to date with the literature is often difficult. This paper is a five year update of the sports nutrition review article published as the lead paper to launch the JISSN in 2004 and presents a well-referenced overview of the current state of the science related to how to optimize training and athletic performance through nutrition. More specifically, this paper provides an overview of: 1. The definitional category of ergogenic aids and dietary supplements; 2. How dietary supplements are legally regulated; 3. How to evaluate the scientific merit of nutritional supplements; 4. General nutritional strategies to optimize performance and enhance recovery; and, 5. An overview of our current understanding of the ergogenic value of nutrition and dietary supplementation in regards to weight gain, weight loss, and performance enhancement. Our hope is that ISSN members and individuals interested in sports nutrition find this review useful in their daily practice and consultation with their clients.

  4. EVALUASI KEPUASAN PELANGGAN PADA JASA PERPUSTAKAAN DAN ISSN PDII-LIPI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wahid Nashihuddin

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The purposes of this study are: (a determine the level of customer satisfaction in library and ISSN services; (b determine customers feedback in improving the quality of library and ISSN services. Type of data this study is quantitative. Data were collected by distributing Survei Kepuasan Masyarakat (SKM questionnaires. There are nine indicators in SKM: (1 compliance with the service requirements; (2 easy of servicing procedures; (3 the timeliness of service; (4 the suitability of the service charge; (5 product assurance services; (6 the competence of service personnel; (7 the behavior of the service personnel; (8 clear intimation of service; and (9 the handling of complaints, suggestions, and feedback of services. SKM questionnaire distributed to 60 respondents who have received services from the concierge of library and ISSN service. The data are interpreted with a frequency distribution table. Each indicator item in SKM has processed by the value/score of the class interval system. Results of this study indicated that the information service on library and ISSN are satisfactory of customer. The results based on customer survey uses nine indicators of SKM. Most respondents who become customers of the library and ISSN feel satisfied, the number of 43 respondents (71,7% said they were satisfied and 11 respondents (18,3% expressed great satisfaction with the services. If viewed from the service unit, there are 25 respondents (83,33% as a subscribers of library services and 18 respondents (60% as a ISSN customers whose are satisfied with the those services. However, despite on the results of SKM had been satisfaction, the institution must be to improve the quality system of services ongoing basis. This is done to reduce or eliminate various forms of complaints from customers.

  5. Pharmacy (ISSN 2226-4787) — A Journal of Pharmacy Education and Practice

    OpenAIRE

    Keith A. Wilson; Yvonne Perrie

    2013-01-01

    Pharmacy (ISSN 2226-4787) — A journal of pharmacy education and practice is an international scientific open access journal on pharmacy education and practice, and is published by MDPI online quarterly. The practice of pharmacy is changing at an unprecedented rate as the profession moves from a focus upon preparation and supply of medicines to a clinical patient-facing role. While an understanding of the science related to medicines remains core to pharmacy education, the changes in practice ...

  6. ISSN 1727-3781

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Administrator

    core business and primary function of universities. Secondly, HEIs make a .... There is a traditional, liberal theory of the state which argues for a clear ..... interest in the matter to cloud his judgment, or if he is the same person who has reported a ...

  7. ISSN 1727-3781

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A J Hamman

    Because of the high level of credence it enjoys, an attorney's ... attorney's trust account as a bank account into which to deposit criminal proceeds for .... of encompassing attorneys, who head the list of accountable institutions in Schedule 1. For.

  8. ISSN 1727-3781

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    commission of gross human rights violations resulted in a gradual ... with the growth in prominence of the Zimbabwe Congress of Trade Unions (ZCTU) ...... electronic broadcasting, radio and television that in a modern society the right to.

  9. ISSN 1727-3781

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    UNISA

    The Southern African Development Community trade legal instruments compliance .... Cottier and Foltea 'Constitutional Functions of the WTO and Regional Trade ..... a prima facie case that NAFTA met the definition of an FTA under Article ...

  10. ISSN 1727-3781

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    allyd

    DETERMINING THE EFFECT (THE SOCIAL COSTS) OF EXCLUSION UNDER THE. SOUTH AFRICAN ... THE SOUTH AFRICAN EXCLUSIONARY RULE: SHOULD FACTUAL GUILT TILT ..... However, in the decision of Thint (Pty) Ltd v National Director of .... Even though the concept of "detriment" involves the making.

  11. ISSN 1727-3781

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    HP4510s

    Fissse en Bucy, sien Du Toit en Pienaar PER 2011 44-57. 9. Artikel 12.1(1) Criminal Code Act 1995. 10. Artikel 12.1(2) Criminal Code Act 1995. 11. Artikel 12.2 Criminal Code Act 1995. 12. Clough en Mulhern Prosecution of Corporations 139; Woolf 1997 Crim LJ 259-261; Wilkinson. 2003 Canterbury Law Review 173.

  12. ISSN 2070-0083

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    FIRST LADY

    fundamental principles of Art and Design, the intellectual content of art is brought to bear on the .... The year 1915 to 1920 was a landmark in the history ..... Omotayo Aiyegbusi (b.1921-) who trained as a graphic artist in the USA and. Britain in ...

  13. ISSN 2070-0083

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    FIRST LADY

    The GSM subscribers on their part also face many problems, major of which is ... GSM revolution, mobile operators forced by fierce competition and market forces .... Many managers regard customers who complain in a negative light. In fact,.

  14. ISSN 1727-3781

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ecoetzee

    change that was brought about when the sentencing court considered Section ..... the duty of the state towards children, places a powerful obligation on the state to act. .... rights of the parents in order to protect the rights of the children. 3.2 .... time of the hearing, was convicted of fraud committed over a period of two years. 80.

  15. ISSN 1727-3781

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    US

    Chapter 2 Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, 1996. 5 ... tional democracy. But even in ... These factors are, first, the court's exercise of constitu- .... A subsidiary constitutional statute may, in the third place, "extend protection beyond ... public involvement in the legislative and other processes of the Assembly and its.

  16. ISSN 2070-0083

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    FIRST LADY

    Okereke, Chinwe - Faculty of Education, Imo State University, Owerri. E-mail: ... students towards discovered eating. A sample of 300 ... disordered eating; they know little about the effects of disordered eating. There is a .... not eat when ill. Item 2 had a low ... consuming fast foods and trying unconventional diets. Their friends.

  17. ISSN 1727-3781

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    allyd

    This contribution is based on research undertaken by the author in partial fulfilment of the ... Senior Lecturer, Department of Law, Faculty of. Humanities ..... approach in R v Big M Drug Mart Ltd 1985 50 CCC (3d) 1 (SCC) which was followed by.

  18. ISSN 1727-3781

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Mark

    4 See s A(3) of the Securities Regulation Code in Takeovers and Mergers for a .... relevance, if any, of the solvency and liquidity of the company embarking on a ..... The board must compare the value and the price with the consideration.

  19. ISSN 2070-0083

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    FIRST LADY

    GSM: +2348035629290. Folarin, N. A. – Department of banking & Finance, Olabisi Onabanjo ... (1959), argue that the propagation of inflation is the result of incompatible .... The quantitative impact of monetary expansion and exchange rate.

  20. ISSN 1727-3781

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    user

    2010-06-10

    Jun 10, 2010 ... THE LABOUR APPEAL COURT: COMMENTS ON KYLIE V CCMA 2010 4 SA 383 (LAC). 2011 VOLUME .... In the light of the fact that the employee was a sex worker, the CCMA Commissioner ruled that she did ..... workers are particularly vulnerable and are exposed to exploitation and vicious abuse,. 73.

  1. ISSN 2070-0083

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    FIRST LADY

    Obekpa (2001) view child abuse as any condition injurious to physical or emotional health that has been ... defines it as a non-accidental injury inflicted on a child by a parent or guardian. ... potential for or has actually caused serious emotional cognitive, mental or behavioral .... Child abuse and parenting styles in. Nigerian ...

  2. ISSN 2070-0083

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    FIRST LADY

    status on voting among Americans by formally modeling the effect of partisan government on ... incentives in deciding who and what party to vote for in any general elections. ... take care of the three lower level needs before making an attempt to meet these needs. .... Priming at the polls: Can polling place location influence ...

  3. ISSN 1727-3781

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    esfourie

    To meet this challenge it is necessary to instill skills that ... This article discusses the teaching of first-generation students and how to overcome the existing ... 2.1 Student profile ... higher education, or a student who has a sibling at university. 5.

  4. ISSN 1727-3781

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    University of the Witwatersrand

    will be done by distinguishing the legal position relating to trust law from the law relating to .... imposes upon its bearer a duty to act in the best interest of the person or persons to whom the duty is owed. ..... Register of Internet sources. Cheadle ...

  5. ISSN 1727-3781

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    New Win User

    However, the proposed commercial treatment of traditional knowledge may also have legal consequences for the parties whose transactions have to do with traditional knowledge. One of the legal consequences that always merits attention in the commercial world is the tax liability of such parties, which may be affected by ...

  6. ISSN 1727-3781

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hmos

    paper: Prof Elizabeth Cooke (Law Commission and University of Reading, UK), who facilitated .... hastily signed into force in 2004, an election year, amidst severe criticism. 13. Given its ... Good governance in the private (corporate) and public ..... because of our country's peculiar colonial past, South Africa has a registration.

  7. ISSN 1727-3781

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    m

    the consideration of issues of race, gender and disability will no longer be required of ... racial spoils system" and to result in reverse discrimination. 4 ... inequalities but also to deal with existing inequalities within society - and having a.

  8. ISSN 1727-3781

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    HP4510s

    place the question is addressed how a monist or dualist approach regarding the ... humanitarian law, customary international law, and the law and practice of States. ... Law 171 et seq; Boothby 2006 Intervention 244-259; Cohn 1991 IJRL 100-111; ...... as victims because of their emotional, mental and intellectual immaturity.

  9. ISSN 1727-3781

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    HP4510s

    4th UN Conference on LDCs Energy Services″ (Background Paper ..... Human Health, Natural Resources and Ecosystems Centre for International Sustainable ..... The adoption of the NFSD was the first step in mapping out the South African.

  10. ISSN 2070-0083

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    FIRST LADY

    neighbourhood, facilities for the restoration of declining areas as well as the recreation of ... beautification of monuments and structures, and city conservation among others. .... market, convention facility and convention hotels.Zone 2 will ...

  11. ISSN 2070-0083

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    FIRST LADY

    within and amongst the institutions for productivity and effectiveness. Keywords: ... a project to link all federal tertiary institutions in a countrywide electronic network named ... full-time, part-time, off-campus and distance education students. ... facilities, substantial online learning resources, inadequate funds and facilities ...

  12. ISSN 2070-0083

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    FIRST LADY

    Indexed African Journals Online: www.ajol.info. An International ... The roles the classroom teachers would play and the challenges they would have to face in using ... implementation of computer education programme in Nigerian secondary schools. .... Computer has specially designed languages for operations. These are.

  13. ISSN 2070-0083

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Nekky Umera

    study employs data from primary and secondary sources and use facility model and ... ports and foot paths); Storage facilities (Silos, Warehouse, cribs, open air .... Hospital, Ado, Dental Headquarters, Ado and Hospital Management Board.

  14. ISSN 2070-0083

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    FIRST LADY

    The GSM subscribers on their part also face many problems, major of which is ... The primary source includes questionnaire and personal interaction. The secondary source ... Consumer/Subscriber Complaints-Implication and Consequences. Keaveney ... customs unpredictable clearance process and bad network of roads.

  15. ISSN 1727-3781

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    mnyenti

    2012-03-13

    Mar 13, 2012 ... protect the rights of those likely to be affected. 4 .... geared towards the promotion of adequate social protection in the region. ..... management of SADC programmes, the implementation of decisions of SADC policy organs and .... services generally purchase a private health insurance policy or contribute ...

  16. ISSN 1727-3781

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ntlamn

    transformation it has brought to the development and building of a united South ... leadership in reinforcing the right to gender equality, it has done nothing more than .... left in respect of which the individual could exercise associational rights.

  17. ISSN 1727-3781

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Camilla Pickles

    (as a non-legal subject) on the one hand, and women (as legal subjects) exercising their rights to ... rights, and affect the right to terminate a pregnancy in South Africa. This is reflected ..... to working conditions, detention or armed conflict.

  18. ISSN 1727-3781

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Administrator

    The design of standards and the administration of discipline in general often involve an exercise .... administrative action, in order to qualify as just, must satisfy the requirements of ... with enabling legislation and with the rules of common law.

  19. ISSN 2070-0083

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    FIRST LADY

    pipe home water, electricity, medical services, regular transportation systems, among others. ... understand his position in the universe and his environment. For instance ... Control of Disease and Maintenance of Good Health: Science and ... may be prevented through early warning signals of troop or aircraft movement, air ...

  20. ISSN 2070-0083

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    FIRST LADY

    In this paper, both approaches (the aesthetic and the ethnological) are ... But, African sculptures became known in Europe only from about the end of the .... body', 'arts of the surrounding', and 'autonomous figurative arts'. It is in keeping ... The cultural diversity of the people of Africa inevitably stimulated to a diversity of art ...

  1. ISSN 1727-3781

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Farhana

    ... SA 721 (CC). 3 See for example Cullinan 2006 www.health-e.org.za. ... staff at the health care facilities, both in terms of their number and the appropriate .... tools required for efficient service delivery (personal protective equipment and ... also revealed that many clinics 'did not even have such basic supplies as soap'. 53.

  2. ISSN 1727-3781

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    macuser

    intervened in private landlord-tenant relationships in a number of jurisdictions, ... private rental market in order to restrict rent increases and provide security of tenure. ..... 44 In 1914 only one per cent of the housing stock in Britain was council ...

  3. ISSN 1727-3781

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    sauroa

    statement of intent and resolve to overcome the burden of history but also an .... consolidated version of the Treaty and all its amendments can be accessed on ...... Financial Support for the Translation of the Content of the SADC Website into.

  4. ISSN 1727-3781

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Petra

    achieved through the accommodation of diversities of all kinds, granting ..... illiteracy rates through increased and renewed adult education, an increase of TVET ... budget. Table 2 shows a constant increase of education's share of the overall.

  5. ISSN 1727-3781

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Brimer

    the context of which is a large body of jurisprudence, standard philosophy ... tension, slip, slide, perish,/Decay with imprecision, will not stay in place,/Will not stay ... fond of the dead language, Latin) and is very obviously still with us today, as is.

  6. ISSN 1727-3781

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    UFS Campus

    cellphone or Internet chatrooms, the purpose being to persuade the victim gradually ... information as a form of pressure to obtain an advantage which is not legally due to ... through false promises or other forms of deception and not by forceful ...

  7. ISSN 2070-0083

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    FIRST LADY

    evaluation feedback have on the students' performance of cognitive learning tasks in block .... re-examines his achievement in government. To evaluate ... that a student should be graded both in comparison with his own ability and in relation ...

  8. ISSN 1727-3781

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Louis Harms

    DEMYSTIFICATION OF THE INQUISITORIAL SYSTEM ... beloved preconceptions as to how cases should be managed and trials run. Sometimes the police ... into a river. If she floats, it means that the Devil kept her floating and is on her side.

  9. ISSN 2070-0083

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    FIRST LADY

    perceptual realists. It must be ... indigenous materials to forge ahead with the creative process. There is also a .... The human figure is often treated in a stylized or .... into series of lines and mass area while using textured ground. This is.

  10. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DELL

    A 12 years old girl, first in birth order was brou right clavicular area. The swelling had been not in size gradually as the patient grew up with ag medical, surgical or family history of significa injury. On examination, the patient was of avera middle of right clavicle. The skin over the lum increased with abduction of the right.

  11. ISSN 2073 East Cent. Afr. j. surg.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DELL

    patients always have a tinge of jaundice and it does not pay to wait for jaundice to clear before surgery is carried out. There wasn't a single case of hepatorenal syndrome. These patients have narrow femoral canals and reaming may be difficult, therefore, one should also keep smaller prostheses like those used in cases of ...

  12. 72, 2014 ISSN:1998-0507 Submitted

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Osondu

    2013-10-30

    Oct 30, 2013 ... at the studied sites, there is a significant difference in the spatial distribution. ... compared with 8-9 million in London, 8million in ... exceed the entire population of some countries. It ... pharmaceutical, soap and detergent, food and beverage, paint, printing and publishing etc. ... Aswani Market. .... Page 6 ...

  13. October, 2009 ISSN 1994-9057

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Nekky Umera

    Ile, C. M. - Department of Business Education, Nwafor Orizu College of. Education, Nsugbe .... Problems Associated with the Use of ICT Gadgets in Teaching Business. Courses. ICT was ..... Ethical and moral dimension of information and ...

  14. January, 2010 ISSN 1994-9057

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    FIRST LADY

    Indexed African Journals Online: www.ajol.info. An International ... offspring is gradually eroding the traditional social network in rural Nigeria. It suggested that the ..... Three of the aged women in the in-depth interview reported selling some of.

  15. ISSN 2073 East Cent. Afr. j. surg.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DELL

    Background: Cholelithiasis is a very common condition which may be complicated by the ... surgeons tried to push CBDS into the duodenum.8,9,10 The rate of retained .... biliary anatomy at operation to help avoid or recognize bile duct injury.

  16. January, 2010 ISSN 1994-9057

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    FIRST LADY

    Example of the rights and freedom which are often thought of as human rights ... The women's rights movement succeeded in gaining for many women, right to vote. ..... prevalent among the masses, reliance of economy on a single sector for.

  17. ISSN 2073 East Cent. Afr. j. surg.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DELL

    since independence, has recently witnessed an increase in the incidence of GSI due to armed robbery attacks and ... retrospectively from patient registers kept in the Medical record departments, the surgical wards, and operating .... The prehospital care of trauma patient has been reported to be the most important factor in.

  18. January, 2010 ISSN 1994-9057

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    FIRST LADY

    Studies show that people perceive causes of fraud equally without significant bias to gender or .... electoral process to make free and fair election impossible. Other dimensions .... through foul means, are also always under pressure from their friends and relations, to .... The Influence of Anti-Corruption Agencies. Among the ...

  19. ISSN 2073 East Cent. Afr. j. surg.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DELL

    Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the factors which influence mortality of patients with traumatic intracranial hematomas (ICH). Methods: Following ethical approval, the records of patients admitted to the Kenyatta. National Hospital neurosurgical unit between January 2000 and December 2009 and.

  20. January, 2010 ISSN 1994-9057

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    FIRST LADY

    for the study was co relational survey as to determine the level of relationship existing between the two ... determine the co-relational relationship between marital dysfunction and occupational maladjustment among civil ..... Obi (2002) observed that transferred aggression from married couples to their colleagues in the ...

  1. ISSN 1727-3781 - African Journals Online

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    HPMini5103

    subjective right to the disclosure of the tax payer's income and the policeman as a State organ has a subjective ...... appears to be an interaction between the negative and active status aspects of the child. The active status ... influenced by its following either a monist or a dualist system of implementation of treaty law into ...

  2. ISSN 2073 East Cent. Afr. j. surg.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DELL

    wounds sustained. Majority of patients (59.2%) were treated conservatively and the remaining ... The study population included all bite injury patients of all age group and gender. Data .... Teeth and claws can puncture body cavities, including ...

  3. 177, 2014. ISSN:1998-0507 Submitted

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Osondu

    2013-11-26

    Nov 26, 2013 ... Department of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering, University of Ilorin, PMB 1515, Ilorin,. Nigeria ... technologies optimize the environmental ... The sewage sample was collected in a clean .... Organised by the Civil.

  4. October, 2009 ISSN 1994-9057

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Nekky Umera

    programmed instruction meant to supplement traditional classroom teaching. We hypothesized that there would not be .... emotional will (attitude and motivation) to engage in reading experiences. (Gambrell, 2004). Motivation can be internal or ..... 'Long-term stability of children's attitudes toward reading'. The Journal of ...

  5. January, 2010 ISSN 1994-9057

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    FIRST LADY

    there is significant relationship existing between the subject marital dysfunction and ... maladjustment is often a precursor to disability proneness. Integrated .... reckoned with as a pillar of development in Nigeria, its civil service must be rid off all .... personal relationships and general feelings about marriage were critically.

  6. ISSN Exercise & Sport Nutrition Review: Research & Recommendations

    OpenAIRE

    Kreider, Richard B; Almada, Anthony L; Antonio, Jose; Broeder, Craig; Earnest, Conrad; Greenwood, Mike; Incledon, Thomas; Kalman, Douglas S; Kleiner, Susan M; Leutholtz, Brian; Lowery, Lonnie M; Mendel, Ron; Stout, Jeffrey R; Willoughby, Darryn S; Ziegenfuss, Tim N

    2004-01-01

    Abstract Sport nutrition is a constantly evolving field with literally thousands of research papers published annually. For this reason, keeping up to date with the literature is often difficult. This paper presents a well-referenced overview of the current state of the science related to how to optimize training through nutrition. More specifically, this article discusses: 1.) how to evaluate the scientific merit of nutritional supplements; 2.) general nutritional strategies to optimize perf...

  7. ISSN exercise & sport nutrition review: research & recommendations

    OpenAIRE

    Kreider, Richard B; Wilborn, Colin D; Taylor, Lem; Campbell, Bill; Almada, Anthony L; Collins, Rick; Cooke, Mathew; Earnest, Conrad P; Greenwood, Mike; Kalman, Douglas S; Kerksick, Chad M; Kleiner, Susan M; Leutholtz, Brian; Lopez, Hector; Lowery, Lonnie M

    2010-01-01

    Abstract Sports nutrition is a constantly evolving field with hundreds of research papers published annually. For this reason, keeping up to date with the literature is often difficult. This paper is a five year update of the sports nutrition review article published as the lead paper to launch the JISSN in 2004 and presents a well-referenced overview of the current state of the science related to how to optimize training and athletic performance through nutrition. More specifically, this pap...

  8. ISSN 2073 East Cent. Afr. j. surg.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DELL

    defects acquired before a baby is born and their nature and type are highly ... characteristics, incidence and prevalence depend on either genetic make-up of .... The American Heritage, Dictionary of The English Language fourth edition, 2000.

  9. ISSN 2073 East Cent. Afr. j. surg.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DELL

    2009-02-27

    Feb 27, 2009 ... Bladder Tumours at Tikur Anbessa Hospital in Ethiopia. ... The most common presenting symptoms were hematuria in 89(91.8%). cystoscopy ..... West DA, Cummings JM, Longo WE, et al; Role of chronic catheterization in the.

  10. October, 2009 ISSN 1994-9057

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Nekky Umera

    teaching both in first and second language situations. This paper used ... The teaching and learning of English Language in which writing is a major aspect is quite .... effort in using an effective teaching method in facilitating learning is a sign.

  11. ISSN 2073 East Cent. Afr. j. surg.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DELL

    Percent. Sex Distribution. Male. Adults. Pediatrics. Female. Adults. Pediatrics .... Pediatric patients are high in number, accounting to 37.6% of the ... neurosurgical practice and service for adults is dominated by neuro-trauma which constitute ...

  12. ISSN 2073 East Cent. Afr. j. surg.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DELL

    Objectives: Breast disease remains a major public health issue worldwide. It is the ... cytology result, final histology result and the clinical staging for breast cancer were ... The definitions employed were those used by the NHS breast screening.

  13. ISSN 2073 East Cent. Afr. j. surg.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DELL

    tumours, fractures, malignancies, deformity corrections and degenerative diseases. The body cavities ... is safe for a single surgeon to do both the exposure and the operation. ... were due to infection, 14 due to trauma and 1 due to metastasis.

  14. ISSN 2073 East Cent. Afr. j. surg.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DELL

    Bilateral spontaneous rupture of the patella tendon is an uncommon injury. However ... knees flexed and contracts the quadriceps violently against the body weight in an effort to prevent a fall 4, 5. ... and inability to lift the leg straight 5, 6.

  15. January, 2010 ISSN 1994-9057

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    FIRST LADY

    rural dwellers and suggests various processes of preserving these potentials ... The production of food and other raw materials is a basic function of rural communities ..... Oil palm. Raffia palm. Cocoa butter, beverages, cocoa mainly for exports.

  16. January, 2010 ISSN 1994-9057

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    FIRST LADY

    Studies Unit), Cross River University of Technology Calabar- Nigeria. E-mail: ... poor country that rejects interconnectedness based on the IMF and other international .... currency have been devalued, thereby increasing the respective debt in.

  17. 177, 2014. ISSN:1998-0507 Submitted

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Osondu

    2013-11-26

    Nov 26, 2013 ... reduced from 11.2mg/l to 4.37mg/l, Chemical Oxygen Demand ... It effectively depleted the nutrients present in the sewage, by the 4th ... that purification potential of water hyacinth is related to plants population with ... the function of bioremediation are known as ... observed that rates of N and P uptake were.

  18. ISSN 2073 East Cent. Afr. j. surg.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DELL

    Background: Tamoxifen has been in use worldwide in the care of breast cancer over decades. It has been ... treatment, thus adequate counseling and education on benefit and side effects of tamoxifen is strongly advised. .... Research till date has suggested that the young, elderly, non-white women, previous emotional ...

  19. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073 9990 East Cent. Afr. J. s 9990 East Cent. Afr.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    Epidemiology of Burns in Patients ged 0 – 13 Years at a Paediatric Hospital in Kenya. ... morbidity, disability, and mortality for burns victims.6 Socio economic factors .... using a private vehicle (77 of 115, 70%) whilst a taxi or public transport.

  20. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. East Cent. East Cent. Afr. J.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DELL

    East and Central African Journal of Surgery. ... collaboration in the writing and editing of Surgical Care at the District Hospital, ... increasing availability of computers and huge developments in software technology such ... Emergency Surgery ...

  1. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073 9990 East Cent. Afr. J. 9990 East Cent. Afr. J ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    COSECSA/ASEA Publication East and Central African ... the one hand on medical technology and equipment and on the other hand on the medical .... traumatic brain injury was the main cause of death amongst emergency admissions at the.

  2. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073 9990 East Cent. Afr. J. s 9990 East Cent. Afr.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    Countries in the Afro Asian stone belt (stretching from Egypt and Sudan, through the Middle East, India, Pakistan, Burma, Thailand, Indonesia and the Philippines) falling within the .... BJU International, 89(suppl.1): 62 68,. 2002. 10. J.U.V. Monu, Pattern of urolithiasis in Benin City, Nigeria. Journal of the national medical.

  3. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg. (Online) 9990 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Prof Kakande

    This study was aimed at determining the pattern of gastric malignancies in Nigeria, a developing country like and ... Methods: a retrospective study utilizing case-files, histopathology reports and cancer registry data of patients who have .... which are attributed to better living conditions and dietary changes2. Conversely, in ...

  4. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073 9990 East Cent. Afr. J. s 9990 East Cent. Afr.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    impacted on outcome yet it was not the subject of this evaluation. .... prevalent in developing countries with low socioeconomic status like ours23, 24 ... Ajaz Ahmad Malik 27 and Wabwire15 in Turkey and Kenya in 2010 and ... perforation due to diverticular disease and cancer (16 70%) as the leading causes of peritonitis.

  5. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. East Cent. East Cent. Afr. J.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DELL

    One hundred and eighty-seven final year medical students completed the seven final ... best chance of survival. Health ... Ever bled. 41 subjects. Bleed - last 12 months. 27 subjects. No of times within the last 12 months 2-5 times. Nature of ...

  6. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg. (Online) 9990 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Prof Kakande

    A case admitted in the emergency department with pain lower abdomen and anal region following ... are only limited by the capacity of their rectum, not their imagination5. A total of ... which is important in planning of the extraction program7.

  7. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073 9990 East Cent. Afr. J. s 9990 East Cent. Afr.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    Lumbar disc degenerative Disease (LDDD) is the most common cause of low ... affected by degenerative changes, as it is a part of spine, which is subjected .... deviation, were used to summarise patient demographic and MR imaging findings.

  8. October, 2009 ISSN 1994-9057 (Print) ISSN 2070-0083

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Nekky Umera

    Biology, Chemistry and Economics in 2004, 2005, 2006 and 2007 were obtained. ... questions across the levels of the cognitive domain is concerned, WAEC and. NECO are ... in the process of collecting and packaging of the answer scripts. Following ... in this study, Olatunji used her own model of the levels of the cognitive.

  9. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg. (Online) 9990 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Prof Kakande

    value=0.08). Conclusion: ... examination, problem-solve, arrive at a working diagnosis, and outline a plan of management 1, 2. Traditionally, clinical skills have been evaluated by means of multiple choice tests, oral examinations, progressive ...

  10. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg. (Online) 90 East ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DELL

    East and Central African Journal of Surgery. ... as the 3D cone beam CT machines which reduce exposure to irradiations, .... effect is closely related to the depth of impaction and height of the body of the mandible. ... extraction based on mere speculation or expectation of a sequelae, however a joint committee on third molar.

  11. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073 9990 East Cent. Afr. J. s 9990 East Cent. Afr.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    If MRI and CT are unavailable, plain x rays lateral view of the skull showing the cervical spine, ... Understanding the two types of basilar invagination is probably the most crucial factor in understanding the various involved management issues as their pathogenesis appears to be different in the two groups. Goel et al ...

  12. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073 9990 East Cent. Afr. J. s 9990 East Cent. Afr ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    amenorrhea and both had indicated single intra uterine pregnancy with anterior low lying placenta with adequate liquor volume. On examination, she was in pain though was not pale and had normal vital signs. Cardiovascular and respiratory systems did not reveal any abnormalities. Abdominal examination had.

  13. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073 9990 East Cent. Afr. J. s 9990 East Cent. Afr.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    and rural to urban migration result in creation of slums with crowded living conditions. .... the impact on quality of life in terms of negative cosmetic and psychosocial ... Minor surgical intervention (surgical toilet) was required in 3% of the cases.

  14. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg. (Online) 9990 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DELL

    Improper mastication from poorly fitting dentures is present in up to 50% of cases; in fact edentulous patients may be at risk due to inadequate mastication resulting in large boluses of food entering the stomach5,6. Another key element in the development of phytobezoar is gastric stasis induced by gastric surgery2,3.

  15. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg. (Online) 9990 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DELL

    Background: Uterine rupture is an infrequent but life threatening obstetric emergency. Rupture of previously scarred uterus is often encountered especially in multiparous women, but the traumatic rupture of an unscarred primigravid uterus as presented here is a relatively rare event. We report a case of rupture of an ...

  16. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg. (Online) 9990 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DELL

    Page 69. 12. Aldemir M, Yagnur Y, Tacyildir I. The predictive factors for the necessity of operative treatment in adhesive small bowel obstruction cases. Acta Chir Belg 2004; 104; 76-80. 13. Fevang BTS, Fevang J, Lie SA, Soriede O, Svanes K, Viste A. Long-term prognosis after operation for adhesive small bowel obstruction.

  17. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073 9990 East Cent. Afr. J. 9990 East Cent. Afr. J.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    Serturner, B.Benjamin R.B: Evolution of opium and discovery of morphine. Annals of surgery, 1988. 17. Gushier C., W J. Meyers: Postoperative pain and Pulmonary Complications. A comparison of three Analgesic regimes. British Journal of surgery, 1955, 723: 495 8. 18. Joel katooz and Ronal Melzack: Pain measurement ...

  18. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073 9990 East Cent. Afr. J. s 9990 East Cent. Afr.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    large adductor muscle mass attaches medially, resulting in an apex lateral deformity after .... broad dynamic compression plates (BDcP), 19 (9.3%) patients had angled blade plating ... thoracostomy tube drainage and suturing of lacerations.

  19. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg. (Online) 9990 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DELL

    . Before specific measurement of the portal vein diameter was performed, routine scanning was done to check for the sonographic exclusion criterias. The patient was scanned in supine and right anterior oblique position with the transducer in ...

  20. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073 9990 East Cent. Afr. J. s 9990 East Cent. Afr ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    March/April 2015 Volume 20 (1). Tumor marker CA 125 level was 96.7 U. patient was taken for staging laparotomy which revealed, around 1000cc mucinous ascites, dense adhesion of intestines with uterus, ovaries and omentum, tumor seedlings on gut, bladder, omentum, under surface of diaphragm, left ovary and uterus.

  1. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073 9990 East Cent. Afr. J. 9990 East Cent. Afr. J.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    Presentation and Pattern of Paediatric Head Injury in a Nigerian Tertiary Care Centre: ... assaults, recreational activities (sports, bicycle related injuries) and child .... The most common form of head injury encountered in our study was the mild ...

  2. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073 9990 East Cent. Afr. J. s 9990 East Cent. Afr ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    1Department of Surgery, Mother Kevin Post graduate medical School , Uganda Martyrs. University. .... end of collection, data was transferred to Medcalc Biomedical statistical software version .... Rodolfo et al10 in Mexico reported a similar.

  3. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. s 9990 East Cent. Afr.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    2016-08-01

    Aug 1, 2016 ... Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia Outcomes in East frica: The Ethiopian Experience. Miliard Derbew ... One child was diagnosed with congenital pulmonary airway malformation (CPAM). In total, 10 (83.3%) of our patients were initially misdiagnosed. Only one patient .... Superficial Surgical Site infection. 2.

  4. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073 9990 East Cent. Afr. J. s 9990 East Cent. Afr ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    respiratory tract infection (RTI) following endotracheal intubation relates to clinical or radiographic ... In Africa, hospital wide HAI prevalence varies between 2.5% and 14.8% in Algeria, Burkina. Faso, Senegal and ... in children in Mulago National referral hospital to be 20.7% with an associated phlebitis rate of. 17.4% on the ...

  5. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073 9990 East Cent. Afr. J. s 9990 East Cent. Afr.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    Hospital Acquired Infection (HAI) increases morbidity, mortality and ... radiographic evidence of pneumonia or bronchitis.1 A surgical site infection (SSI) often ... multiply antibiotic resistant microbes, poor laboratory backup, poor funding and non .... because in most sub Saharan hospitals the young with acute illness are the ...

  6. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg. (Online) 90 East ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DELL

    Oesophageal perforation in anterior cervical spine plating: A Case report ... systems and careful long-term follow-up in patients with anterior cervical spine plating ... used for the operative treatment of disc herniation, spondylosis, and injuries.

  7. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073 9990 East Cent. Afr. J. s 9990 East Cent. Afr.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    Epidemiology of road traffic accidents: - Prospective study t a Tertiary .... such as speed and alcohol, and exacerbated by inadequate enforcement of traffic safety ..... done to increase awareness in the most important work force of the country ...

  8. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073 9990 East Cent. Afr. J. s 9990 East Cent. Afr.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    Estimates of the incidence and costs associated with handlebar related injuries in children. .... There was no evidence of peripheral blood eosinophilia. Chest radiograph was .... the United States, with a review of worldwide cases. Clinical ...

  9. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073 9990 East Cent. Afr. J. s 9990 East Cent. Afr.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    Neurosurgery unit, College of Health sciences, School of Medicine, Addis Ababa University ... The prevalence and incidence of hydrocephalus in developed nations is estimated as 0.9 ... Data was analyzed using computer based .... had normal vision, motor activity, and decrement in head circumference, soft fontanelle and ...

  10. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg. (Online) 9990 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Prof Kakande

    bacterial culturing and drug sensitivity testing. Data was .... The sample was placed in a sterile transportation/storage container. Following this ..... associated with antibiotic resistance in coliform organisms from community urinary tract infection in ... parenteral drug abuse: presentation, microbiology, and treatment. Am Surg.

  11. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. East Cent. East Cent. Afr. J.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DELL

    clinically based on pulse, blood pressure, respiratory rate, urine output, and mental ... evaluated the published literature on this common problem, seeking ... emphasizes the role of treating uterine atony with drugs or manipulation, removing .... Bacterial contamination of stored blood is a significant risk because blood is, ...

  12. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg. (Online) 9990 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DELL

    identify risk factors that contribute to complications following tracheostomies. The aim of this ... important to perform an objective audit on the complications following this important surgery. .... the model and the results have been excluded.

  13. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073 9990 East Cent. Afr. J. 9990 East Cent. Afr. J ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    internal fixation of comminuted inter trochanteric fracture of the right femur. ... to Nizwa hospital due to repeated vomiting associated with mild epigastric pain and ... 10cm in diameter in the right lumbar area just below the 12th rib posteriorly.

  14. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073 9990 East Cent. Afr. J. s 9990 East Cent. Afr ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    East & Central African Journal of Surgery. Nov/Dec 2014 Vol. 19 (3). Pattern and and Outcome of Surgical Management of Postrenal cute Renal Failure Over. Three Years Period at Tikur nbessa Specialized Hospital. L. Samodai, D. ndualem, . Getasew. Addis Ababa University, School of Medicine, Department of Surgery.

  15. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073 9990 East Cent. Afr. J. s 9990 East Cent. Afr ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    2015-03-03

    Mar 3, 2015 ... Achalasia cardia is a primary oesophageal motility disorder characterized by ... The anteroposterior diameter of the esophagus at the upper, ... vigorous disorganized motor activity and a dilated diameter of less than 4cm.

  16. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073 9990 East Cent. Afr. J. 9990 East Cent. Afr. J ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    Saiful Miah and James Catto. BPH and prostate cancer risk. Indian J Urol 2014; 30(2):. 214 218. 2. De Marzo AM, Platz EA, Sutcliffe S et al. Inflammation in prostate carcinogenesis Nat Rev. Cancer 2007; 7: 256 269. 3. Dennis LK, Lynch CF, Torner JC. Epidemiologic association between prostatitis and prostate cancer.

  17. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg. (Online) 9990 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DELL

    adnexal mass, with normal cervix, uterus and endometrium, the differential diagnosis of fallopian tube carcinoma should be kept in mind. Introduction. Primary fallopian tube carcinoma is an uncommon tumor accounting for approximately 0.14% to. 1.8% of female genital malignancies1. The first classic case was reported in ...

  18. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073 9990 East Cent. Afr. J. 9990 East Cent. Afr. J.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    (after prostate and lung cancer in males and breast and lung cancer in females)5. ... lymph nodes for localized disease and the procedure results in cure in .... Forty seven patients received palliative treatments in the form of .... Health education.

  19. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073 9990 East Cent. Afr. J. s 9990 East Cent. Afr.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    These cancers of the bile ducts are rare: 1 2 cases/100.000 inhabitants in ... Teaching Hospital (UTH) including all patients undergoing surgery for cholangiocarcinoma. Authors ... Plain Xrays: Right lung basal infiltration, Raised rightt diaphragm;. Enlarged .... distant deposit and performed surgery was assumed palliative.

  20. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg. (Online) 9990 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Prof Kakande

    Use of a laparoscopic bag for facilitating extraction/ morcellation of the operative ... which are freely available and hence can solve the problem without extra cost ... Before inserting into the abdominal cavity, one edge of plastic bag is cut short ...

  1. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. East Cent. East Cent. Afr. J.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DELL

    ut also because of its negative effects on the process of recovery. Its management has, however, remained a major challenge. Numerous myths and ... challenges encountered by health providers in their service to patients. health providers in ...

  2. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073 9990 East Cent. Afr. J. s 9990 East Cent. Afr.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    palpitations and anxiety, died suddenly and postmortem examination .... and hypertension stabilized with α blocker medications before given β blockers and ... Perros P. Phaeochromocytomas presenting as acute crises after beta blockade.

  3. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg. (Online) 90 East ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DELL

    accounting for 10-11% of global mortality and 13% of all disability adjusted life years (DALYs)1-3. Major causes of ... Effective advanced communication .... Further, the financial strain on the healthcare system is significant. .... Mock C, Lormand JD, Goosen J, Joshipura M, Peden M. Guidelines for essential trauma care.

  4. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg. (Online) 9990 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DELL

    Background: A case report of stab neck presenting at Kalafong Hospital, Pretoria, South. Africa with atypical meningitis. The objective was to illustrate the challenge of diagnosing this unusual and late presentation of meningitis. Case Report: A 48 year-old male patient presented to us two days after a stab neck. He was ...

  5. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073 9990 East Cent. Afr. J. 9990 East Cent. Afr. J.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    Younger children are at the highest risk for accidental foreign body ... incidence has been attributed to several factors among younger children, ... Lung abscess ... cases, pulmonary infection with atelectasis in 1(1.3%) case, pulmonary infection ...

  6. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg. (Online) 9990 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DELL

    Difficult Gallbladder Surgery, Improving Patient Outcomes Through Appropriate Surgical. Decisions. ... If the position is too close to the common bile duct, an aberrant ... M.M, a 65-years old female had a bile duct injury post open cholecystectomy. She had .... With radiologic advances, cholecystostomy can be performed as a.

  7. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073 9990 East Cent. Afr. J. 9990 East Cent. Afr. J.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    genital mutilation. Many theories have suggested reasons for the ancient origin of ritual circumcision social cohesion, increased fertility, and the numbers in a tribal group in a competitive world. The threats that face us today famine, pollution, viral plagues and conflicts are largely due to overpopulation. It is true that medicine ...

  8. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073 9990 East Cent. Afr. J. s 9990 East Cent. Afr.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    axonal injury was strong predictor of outcome, P 0.0015 (Table 6). Table 1. .... Many authors noted that severe and moderate head injuries were dynamic processes that progress with .... Selladurai BM, Jayakumar R, Tan YY, Low HC. Outcome ...

  9. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073 9990 East Cent. Afr. J. 9990 East Cent. Afr. J.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    Oesophageal FB poses a management challenge to the Otorhinolaryngologist and its management modalities depends ... mucosa after FB extraction, outcome of intervention, duration of hospital stay after surgical intervention, and ..... Ann Afr Med 2006; 5:52 5. 21. Muir AD, White J, McGuigan JA,McManus KG, Graham AN.

  10. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg. (Online) 9990 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DELL

    Antibiotic Prescription Patterns in the Management of Open Fractures at Mulago Hospital in. Kampala. ... antibiotics and also the use of checklists to ensure patients receive all necessary medications .... There was no relationship between the.

  11. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073 9990 East Cent. Afr. J. s 9990 East Cent. Afr ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    compared the perioperative complication rates between ambulatory and in patient cleft lip patients in two hospitals across two countries, the United States and Austaralia Rosen et al1found a 3.3% (n 91) and 7.1% (n 14) readmission rates in the out patient and in patient of the Childrenss Hospital, Los Angeles respectively ...

  12. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073 9990 East Cent. Afr. J. s 9990 East Cent. Afr.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    injuries cause about 9 deaths for every 100,000 persons, most of whom are .... admitted in just eight months in one hospital may indicate that the incidence at ... men are usually the bread winners in most homes and therefore responsible for ...

  13. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg. (Online) 9990 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DELL

    2005-04-10

    Apr 10, 2005 ... J. Gathara1, M. Galukande1, E. Kiguli-Malwadde2 ... The reason for this apparent surge is mostly speculative; presumed change in lifestyle to a .... HBD and breast cancer, cigarette smoking is documented to have an anti ...

  14. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg. (Online) 9990 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Prof Kakande

    Afr. J. surg. ..... September/October 2003. 3. Hardin R, Stevenson M, Downie W, Wilson G. Assessment of clinical competence using objective ... Michael J. Griesser, Matthew C. Beran, David C. Flanigan, Michael Quackenbush, DO, Corey Van ...

  15. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg. (Online) 90 East ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DELL

    Background: Subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) is a grave condition with high morbidity and mortality. ... World Federation of Neurosurgeons (WFNS) grade 1. ... Hydrocephalus was seen as a co-existing condition in 13 % .... Head CT is also the most reliable test for predicting cerebral vasospasm and poor outcome20.

  16. January, 2010 ISSN 1994-9057 (Print) ISSN 2070-0083

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    FIRST LADY

    Technical and Vocational Education for a Future World of. Work (Pp ... The Nigeria's educational system during the colonial era was literal in nature and ..... Teachers at the primary school level should use the activity approach to provide for the ...

  17. Rwanda Journal ISSN 2305-2678 (Print); ISSN 2305- 5944 (Online ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Education

    Rwanda Journal, Series B: Social Sciences, Volume 4 No 1, 2017 62. Rwanda Journal ... constitution of men is different from that of women and that men are unable to ... share the same biological disposition driving sexual behaviors, then all could be ... gender roles (Brannon 1985; Brannon & Juni 1984), negative attitudes ...

  18. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073 9990 East Cent. Afr. J. s 9990 East Cent. Afr ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    Typically a fibrous interconnection joins the thumbs4. The muscles innervated by the ulnar nerve tend to be attached to the ulnar most thumb and those innervated by the median nerve tend to be attached to the radial most thumb. [4]. Collateral ligaments are shared between the thumbs. The neurovascular bundles may ...

  19. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073 9990 East Cent. Afr. J. s 9990 East Cent. Afr.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    failed to resolve within 72 hours were offered operative management. However patients ... Out of the patients with postoperative adhesive MBO 71.8 percent (n. 56) patients had previously undergone only one abdominal surgery. In most of the ...

  20. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073 9990 East Cent. Afr. J. 9990 East Cent. Afr. J.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    required yielding perhaps the better native muscle function, the pin is easily removed in ... fixation in children offered guidance in observing our series of adult patients 5, 6. ... Many tibia fractures are treated by manipulation and plaster cast.

  1. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073 9990 East Cent. Afr. J. s 9990 East Cent. Afr ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    Although it is a well documented clinical entity, there are few published reports of testicular torsion in sub Saharan Africa, and accurate quantification of the incidence and clinical outcomes of testicular torsion in sub Saharan Africa remains elusive. The only previous report of testicular torsion in Ethiopia that we encountered ...

  2. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. s 9990 East Cent. Afr ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    Participants also identified elements related to NOTSS that were novel to the Rwandan context, which include resource variability, multi lingual theatre, variable capacity for rescue, and dynamic provider roles (where a shortage of staff results in surgical team members having to play multiple roles throughout an operation).

  3. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073 9990 East Cent. Afr. J. 9990 East Cent. Afr. J.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    Key words: laparoscopic, open, cholecystectomy, conversion. Introduction. Gallbladder diseases are very common disease nowadays. They comprise a large spectrum of disorders caused by alterations in bile composition and biliary function, placing a substantial burden on inpatient and outpatient resources. complicated ...

  4. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg. (Online) 90 East ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DELL

    Pinder D, Hilton M. Dissection versus diathermy for tonsillectomy. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2001;(4):CD002211. 3. Gendy S, O'leary M, Colreavy M, Rowley H, O'Dwyer T, Blayney A. Tonsillectomy- cold dissection versus hot dissection: a prospective study. Ir Med J 2005; 98(10):243-4. 4. Leach J, Manning S, Schaefer ...

  5. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073 9990 East Cent. Afr. J. s 9990 East Cent. Afr.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    Most of these complications can be prevented by patientss education on self footcare .... 161(60.1%), smoking of cigarette causes poor circulation affecting the feet 161 .... This can be explained by the fact that higher level of education might.

  6. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073 9990 East Cent. Afr. J. s 9990 East Cent. Afr ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    birth weight likewise the findings obtained by Homa et al6 signifying low birth weight to not be a direct risk for developing small bowel obstruction in newborns. But this observation was statistically insignificant in this study. Most of the neonates were delivered at term similar to the results obtained by another surveyor6 this ...

  7. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg. (Online) 9990 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DELL

    Head and Neck Cancer (H&N CA) has had a fascinating and, along with most surgery, a fairly ... Innovations utilized by George Crile: ... As the management of H&N CA advanced in the 1950s oncology and surgery began working together.

  8. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073 9990 East Cent. Afr. J. s 9990 East Cent. Afr ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    O. Kenneth Johnson. Choma General Hospital, Choma, Zambia. Current Institution College of Medicine, University of Malawi. СФФЗХТСРЖЗРЕЗ ЦС O. Kenneth Johnson, Email: okjohnsonsj@jesuits.net. КЗ ГШЗФГЙЗ ЦЛПЗ ИСФ КЗГОЛРЙ ГИЦЗФ ПЛЖ ГРЖ ОСЩЗФ ИЗПСФГО ХКГИЦ ИФГЕЦЧФЗ ЛР ГЖЧОЦ ПЗР.

  9. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073 9990 East Cent. Afr. J. 9990 East Cent. Afr. J ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    29. Hesdorffer DC,Ghajar J, Iacono L. Predictors of compliance with the evidence based guidelines for traumatic brain injury care: a survey of United States trauma centers. J. Trauma 2002;52:1202 09. 30. Chafi S, Barnes SA, Millar D, Sobrino J, Kudyakov R, Berryman BS et al. Suboptimal compliance with evidence based ...

  10. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. East Cent. East Cent. Afr. J.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DELL

    aspiration Fine Needle Techniques in Cytodiagnosis of ... Kobusingye5 found a high incidence of cancer of 19.6% of nodules from histopathology reports at Mulago. ... from the surgical and medical Endocrine units as well as Breast unit. ..... was made in 48.8% of the patients while with ultrasonography it was 82.2%. Other.

  11. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg. (Online) 90 East ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DELL

    Teunissen LL, Rinkel GJE, Algra A, van Gijn J. Risk factors for subarachnoid hemorrhage. A systemic review. Stroke 1996; 27: 544-549. 22. Levine SR, Brust JC, Futrell N, Brass LM, Blake D, Fayad P, et al. A comparative study of cerebro- vascular complications of cocaine: alkaloidal versus hydrochloride. Neurology 1991 ...

  12. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073 9990 East Cent. Afr. J. s 9990 East Cent. Afr ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    located deep to the hypothenar muscles with attachment to the metacarpophalangeal joint of the little finger by a fibrous band. Marginal excision of the tumour was done. .... Brand M.G., Gelberman R.H. Lipoma of the flexor digitorum superficialis causing triggering at the carpal canal and median nerve compression. J. Hand ...

  13. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073 9990 East Cent. Afr. J. s 9990 East Cent. Afr ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    scan finding. Other differentials include congenital bilateral dacrocystocoele, deviated nasal septum, encephalocele, and nasal dermoid7. Discussion. Bilateral choanal atresia is a rare developmental problem in which there is failure of complete canalization of the nasal cavities due to persistent buconasal (or nasobuccal).

  14. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. East Cent. East Cent. Afr. J.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DELL

    unrelated to ganglion cysts and only one patient had to undergo surgical excision due to surgical excision due to ... the dorsum of foot and one each on the thenar aspect at the base of thumb, toe and popliteal fossa .... this minimally invasive, atraumatic procedure and no patient has returned with a recurrence till date .

  15. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg. (Online) 90 East ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DELL

    2005-04-12

    Apr 12, 2005 ... East and Central African Journal of Surgery. .... Any man who is over 40 years with a positive family history (Especially one with HPC-1 gene) warrants a ..... effects of fluid retention, venous & arterial thrombosis, cardiac toxicity, stroke. .... with insertion of an indwelling catheter or intermittent catheterization ...

  16. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073 9990 East Cent. Afr. J. s 9990 East Cent. Afr ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    tissues are separated from the fascia superficial to the underlying musculature1. This injury typically occurs following high speed trauma. The shear injury disrupts perforating vessels and lymphatics and creates a potential space that fills with blood, serosanguinous fluid, and necrotic fat2. Lesions may be missed at initial ...

  17. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg. (Online) 9990 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DELL

    %), Gastritis. (12.6%) and Peptic ulcer disease (duodenal and gastric ulcers) was 6.2%. The malignant conditions (Gastric and Esophageal cancers) contributed to 2.6% . Other less frequent causes of. UGIB were Hiatus hernia (1.8), ...

  18. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. East Cent. East Cent. Afr. J.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DELL

    cause very rarely is fungal. Five types of infected .... The patient later developed ischemic symptoms in his right leg with intermittent claudication. He had to .... Salmonella species. Few cases of aneurysm caused by Tb have been described. Our cases have presented with abdominal pain, pulsating mass and a bruit. Our first.

  19. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073 9990 East Cent. Afr. J. s 9990 East Cent. Afr.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    she went abroad to South East Asia to seek better medical care. ... developed deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary thrombo embolism eventually ... lengthy procedures, change in nursing staff during procedures and failure to count surgical ...

  20. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073 9990 East Cent. Afr. J. s 9990 East Cent. Afr.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    Cole, B.O Mofikoya, S.O. Giwa, O.O. Badmus. Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, University of Lagos / Lagos University Teaching. Hospital, Lagos, Nigeria. '””‡•'' †‡ …‡ –' Dr. G.O. Enweluzo, Email: enweluzog@yahoo.com ƒ…

  1. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073 9990 East Cent. Afr. J. s 9990 East Cent. Afr ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    woman should be counselled to report at the earliest in next pregnancy to rule out ectopic gestation as delay can be disastrous for fertility and her life. References. 1. Tulandi T. Reproductive performance of women after two tubal ectopic pregnancies. ЗФЦЛО ХЦЗФЛО 1988; 50:164. 2. Adelusi B, AL Meshari A, Akande EO, ...

  2. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073 9990 East Cent. Afr. J. 9990 East Cent. Afr. J ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    associated with spina bifida and tibial hemimelia (4 6). Transient muscular and collagen ... elongation and posteromedial releases) if performed. Treatment outcome was determined by ... Six feet required open elongation of the tendo achilles, three of which also had posterior capsulotomy. Relapse was observed in 8 feet ...

  3. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073 9990 East Cent. Afr. J. s 9990 East Cent. Afr.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    Emergency Department (A&E) and main operating theatres by a senior ... The clinical decisions to intervene were taken in all cases by the attending .... injuries, these patients on presentation had already developed septicaemia from peritonitis.

  4. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg. (Online) 9990 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DELL

    Emergency department of Bugando Medical Centre between April 2009 and March ... surgeon or senior registrar or under their supervision, in case the operative .... from the stump or blow out of appendicular stump, less chances of peritonitis ...

  5. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg. (Online) 9990 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DELL

    2005-04-29

    Apr 29, 2005 ... Urinary tract infection was also common, being present in 58.9% of ... vesicostomy (42.9%), initial valve ablation (51.8%) and urethral catheterization 5.3%. ... 10% of the cases and included poor stream, gross haematuria and.

  6. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073 9990 East Cent. Afr. J. s 9990 East Cent. Afr ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    intra muscular/ intra venous) pentazocine (30mg) or tramadol 50mg, and .... Complications encountered were single case each of surgical site infection ... localized to the epigastrium and may present as dyspepsia mimicking peptic ulcer disease.

  7. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg. (Online) 9990 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Prof Kakande

    vomiting and constipation. Abdominal X-rays demonstrated large bowel obstruction. At laparotomy, this patient was found to have adhesions causing sigmoid colon obstruction. Conclusion: In this paper, we demonstrate the rarity of large bowel obstruction secondary to adhesions especially in a virgin abdomen, emphasize ...

  8. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073 9990 East Cent. Afr. J. s 9990 East Cent. Afr.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    A 65 year old para 3 1 known hypertensive and type II diabetic female patient ... the outline of the right kidney was clearly visualised in the appropriate position, the left kidney .... http://www.jsnm.org/files/paper/anm/ams196/ANM19 6 11.pdf. 2.

  9. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg. (Online) 9990 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DELL

    the centre for disease control (CDC 2001) in the United state of America ... for preventing injury by sharp objects involving disinfection procedures but in sub Saharan Africa .... Barnett T, Whiteside A, Aids in twenty first centaury disease And ...

  10. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg. (Online) 90 East ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DELL

    results of aberrant vessels angiogenesis during embryogenesis (i.e. arterial, venous, capillary, lymphatic or mixed)3. They are classified clinically by their blood flow characteristics and can be described as “high flow” or “low flow” lesions4,5. Low flow lesions are more prevalent and consist of capillary, venous, lymphatic and.

  11. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073 9990 East Cent. Afr. J. s 9990 East Cent. Afr ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    Department of Anatomy, School of Biomedical Sciences, Makerere University, Uganda. Correspondence to: J Ochieng, ... This was a cross sectional descriptive study conducted at the department of anatomy dissection laboratory Makerere University and .... Moore KL, Daley FA. , Fifth edition. Baltimore, Lippincott. Williams ...

  12. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg. (Online) 90 East ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DELL

    embryonal tumour of the kidney that may contain the 3 germ cells: the stroma cells, the .... renal pelvis anatomy is distorted, the renal vessels could be obscured and ... Sembulingam M.: Cardiac output, in Essentials of Medical physiology, ed 5.

  13. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073 9990 East Cent. Afr. J. 9990 East Cent. Afr. J.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    Musculoskeletal trauma is the ninth leading cause of death world wide1-4 and is the highest in the age group ... number of elderly people in the population osteoporotic fractures which are associated with a higher rate ... Orthopedic and Trauma management in the Eastern part of Ethiopia and has a catchment population of ...

  14. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg. (Online) 9990 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DELL

    This was traumatic and done under anaesthesia and subsequently Fine Needle Biopsy (FNB) was introduced by Guthrie in the United States to diagnose cancer 2, which was later popularized by. Martin and Ellis3.FNB is the most accurate, cost effective and simplest screening test for the rapid diagnosis of breast lumps and ...

  15. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073 9990 East Cent. Afr. J. 9990 East Cent. Afr. J ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    Background: Snake bite is a common medical emergency in developing countries. The identification of snake species is important for optimal clinical management, because it allows clinicians to choose the appropriate treatment, anticipate complications, and there fore to improve prognosis. Moreover, helps in selection of ...

  16. Rwanda Journal ISSN 2305-2678 (Print); ISSN 2305- 5944 (Online ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Education

    Rwanda Journal, Series B: Social Sciences, Volume 4 No 1, 2017 33. Rwanda Journal .... The print media, the political parties manifestos, the official reports ..... and of psychological alienation from taboos by which it was surrounded by the ...

  17. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. s 9990 East Cent. Afr ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    54%) of the patients were not taking any medication while the rest 12(46%) were taking medications preoperatively. Postoperatively none needed medications. All 12 patients took oral furosemide and 9 of them additionally took spironolactone.

  18. Rwanda Journal ISSN 2305-2678 (Print); ISSN 2305- 5944 (Online ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Education

    emotional organizational commitment and the job satisfaction and that association is stronger with ..... refers to the motivational aspect of the human resource management, i.e. with the release of a latent energy or the activation of a potential.

  19. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073 9990 East Cent. Afr. J. s 9990 East Cent. Afr.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    Obesity as a Risk Factor for Low Back Pain in a Nigerian Population ... Low back pain (LBP) is a symptom of a wide array of conditions that include ..... chronic pain conditions ЧФФ КЗЧПГЦСО ЗТ 2014:390 DOI 10.1007/s11926 0130390 7. 12.

  20. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg. (Online) 90 East ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DELL

    Rare Occurrence: Buruli Ulcers in Gulu, Northern Uganda. A Case report .... induration or diffuse swelling in the legs and arms9,10. Because of ... fever, which may partly explain why those affected often, do not seek prompt treatment. However ...

  1. January, 2010 ISSN 1994-9057 (Print) ISSN 2070-0083

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    FIRST LADY

    and Occupation. The issues raised, amongst others were promotion of non- ..... refer to social pressures that steer girls and young women towards career in traditionally ... productive resources and inadequate sharing of family responsibilities,.

  2. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg. (Online) 9990 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DELL

    2005-04-29

    Apr 29, 2005 ... in the urethra and genitourinary system of male newborns. .... surveillance and care and that even today the eventual outcome is unclear in many instances6. ... Urinary tract infection was taken as prior history of recurrent fever.

  3. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073 9990 East Cent. Afr. J. s 9990 East Cent. Afr.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    financial constraint on the part of the patient and the unavailability of other next line drugs. He responded well ... advanced disease and institution of management. References. 1. ... New York: Lange Medical Books/McGraw Hill,. 2004. pp.367 ...

  4. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073 9990 East Cent. Afr. J. 9990 East Cent. Afr. J.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    The position in the family did not seem to be related to the postgraduate ... Men in Surgery Found it Challenging to Work with Pregnant Female Colleagues ... gender balance in Surgery?s A total of 57% of respondents thought it would be ...

  5. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg. (Online) 9990 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Prof Kakande

    underwent surgical treatment at Kigali University Teaching Hospital. ..... Melero11 in Mexico reported a similar distribution with a ... environnement, system related drawbacks, serious shortages both in personnel and resources, inadequate.

  6. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073 9990 East Cent. Afr. J. 9990 East Cent. Afr. J ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    Considering it an ovarian malignancy laparotomy was planned for the patient. Peroperatively, omentum was ... came out. The wall of cyst sent for frozen section and it revealed adenocarcinoma. Then total ... Histopathological examination revealed normal uterus and cervix right and left ovary and left fallopian tube. The right ...

  7. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. s 9990 East Cent. Afr.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    2016-08-01

    Aug 1, 2016 ... Those who present later in life ( 24 36 hours after birth) have a ... Advances in neonatal care have improved survival of early ... Down syndrome (DS) (n 2), inguinal hernia (n 1), Sensorineuralhearing loss (SNHL) (n 1).

  8. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg. (Online) 90 East ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DELL

    in size, may present during adolescence. The condition is correctible though there is need for screening and early detection in children through national Health Policy interventions. Introduction. Testicular maldescent or crytorchidism is the most common anomaly of the genitalia with an incidence of approximately 1% in ...

  9. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073 9990 East Cent. Afr. J. s 9990 East Cent. Afr.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    Two- year review of Colorectal Cancer at Tikur nbessa Specialized Hospital, .... According to Global Cancer Statistics, the number of new cases with ... age of 40 years. ... 39. 32%. 41 60. 56. 49%. 61 and above. 20. 17% ddress. Addis Ababa. 61 ... an increasing trend of colorectal cancer cases based on this study which ...

  10. (5), October, 2009 ISSN 1994-9057 (Print) ISSN 2070-0083

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Nekky Umera

    The study investigated the feeding habit and problems of the aged people in ... sample comprised of 150 elderly men and women from various occupational groups. ... accumulated wealth and so in poor position to maintain their standard of ... between 65-70 years. Twelve percent of them were between 71-75 years. The.

  11. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg. (Online) 9990 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Prof Kakande

    recent introduction of ESWL in this region and the adoption of endourological stone management techniques will have their long-term impacts on this complication. All nephrectomy specimens should be subjected to histopathological examination. Open nephrectomy, which remains our local practice, is safe and unilateral ...

  12. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg. (Online) 9990 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Prof Kakande

    Table 2. Therapeutic Procedures and Postoperative Recommendations of Patients who Underwent URS for ureteric stone. Procedure. Frequency. Percent. Post-operative recommendation. Frequency. Percent. None. 6. 15.8. Discharge. 24. 63.2. Only J stenting. 9. 23.7. Repeat URS. 2. 5.3. Stone extraction 19. 50. ESWL. 4.

  13. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073 9990 East Cent. Afr. J. 9990 East Cent. Afr. J ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    Myxoid morphology in lipoblastoma is extremely uncommon 16, 17 and in such cases where histopathology is inconclusive, genetic rearrangement of the PLAG1 (pleomorphic adenoma gene 1) oncogene on chromosome 8q12 confirms the diagnosis of lipoblastoma. PLAG1 gene rearrangement has been detected in 70 % ...

  14. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073 9990 East Cent. Afr. J. s 9990 East Cent. Afr.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    In the United States studies have shown that at least 26 million working. Americans suffer lower back pain annually.2 with an estimated annual productivity loss of U 28 billion annually3. ... Male to Female sex ratio was 1:3. Nursing officers ...

  15. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg. (Online) 9990 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DELL

    COSECSA/ASEA Publication East and Central African Journal of Surgery. ... Bisphosphonates are currently widely used in the treatment of osteoporosis. ... Subtrochanteric fracture, lateral cortical thickening (solid black arrows), .... Schilcher J, Aspenberg P.Incidence of stress fractures of the femoral shaft in women treated.

  16. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. East Cent. East Cent. Afr. J.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DELL

    2ENT Unit, Department of Surgery, Lagos University Teaching Hospital. Lagos. 3ENT Department, University ... the occurrence of wax impaction among these school children. the occurrence of wax ... school performance. school performance.

  17. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg. (Online) 9990 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Prof Kakande

    Background: This study was aimed at establishing the degree of conformity with the referral system, level of pre-referral investigative evaluations and degree of diagnosis concordance between the referring centres and the referral hospital in Western region of Kenya. Methods: This was a hospital based descriptive, ...

  18. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073 9990 East Cent. Afr. J. s 9990 East Cent. Afr.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    Gastric outlet obstruction among adult patients at two Rwandan referral hospitals: Etiology, ТЫОСФЛinfection ..... Molecular Epidemiological Studies. Gastroenterology ... The Biology of Gastric Cancers: Springer; 2009. p. 25 58. 16. Sakitani K ...

  19. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. East Cent. East Cent. Afr. J ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DELL

    Peritoneal Drains in Perforated Appendicitis without Peritonitis: A Prospective. Randomized ... of tube drainage provided (without suction) while the remaining 45 had no provided (without ..... with drains. Significance of the outcome measures.

  20. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg. (Online) 9990 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Prof Kakande

    The hematoma was evacuated and a drain inserted. On the ... measures used to prevent this complication. Rigid and flexible ... suction through endotracheal tubes in patients who cannot withstand bronchoscopy. However the use of.

  1. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg. (Online) 9990 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DELL

    Bolger WE, Butzin CA, Parsons DS. Paranasal sinus bony anatomic variations and mucosal abnormalities: CT analysis for endoscopic sinus surgery. Laryngoscope 1991; 101(1 Pt 1):. 56-64. 23. Wang J, Bidari S, Inoue K, Yang H, Rhoton A Jr. Extensions of the sphenoid sinus: a new classification. Neurosurgery 2010; 66: ...

  2. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. East Cent. East Cent. Afr. J ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DELL

    The majority (64%) of all cases were from rural area. .... Arnic et al20 on pulmonary hydatid cyst cases, chest pain (44.9%) and cough (37.6%) were the ... An analysis of hydatid cyst surgeries in patients referred to hospitals in Khorram- Abad,.

  3. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073 9990 East Cent. Afr. J. s 9990 East Cent. Afr ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    (p 0.502), pulmonary hypertension decreased significantly from 75.4 mm Hg, std 23.1 to. 57.7mmhg, std 18.9 (p 0.000) and NYHA improved from class IV std 0.652 to class II std 0.642 (p 0.000) following mitral valve replacement(Table 4) . All patients had severe pulmonary hypertension and therefore, long term follow up is ...

  4. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073 9990 East Cent. Afr. J. s 9990 East Cent. Afr.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    in this study was the same as it was found in the study done by Melek ЗЦ ГО (14) and the related mean transient time was observed in other studies (12,15). One probable reason for this likeness and needs more research could be due to similarity in bowels objects propulsion ability among children of different societies or ...

  5. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073 9990 East Cent. Afr. J. s 9990 East Cent. Afr ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    The symptoms started insidiously, when the patient noticed some acne like lesions which produced a foul smelling discharge. Scratching and frequent squeezing resulted in hypertrophic scarring and progressive enlargement of the nose. There was gross disfigurement but the enlarged nose did not affect or compress the ...

  6. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073 9990 East Cent. Afr. J. 9990 East Cent. Afr. J.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    seen at Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Center, Moshi, Tanzania. .... might affect serum lipid e.g. renal insufficiency (Cr 120 Mmol/l) or hepatic disease, .... n 58 (20 ADT: 18 PCa after radiation therapy (XRP)/radical prostatectomy (RP): 20 normal.

  7. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. East Cent. East Cent. Afr. J ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DELL

    gender, mean operating time, volume of fluid collection in thyroid bed, ... appears to confer several advantages over the routine drainage method and achieves significant reduction of hospital stay, which led to a reduction in costs for the patients ... than 30 ml in 24 hours following which the patients were discharged.

  8. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg. (Online) 9990 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Prof Kakande

    The infection runs a chronic course with destruction of the affected part. The diagnosis usually requires high level of suspicion followed by biopsy to confirm and they usually respond well to chemotherapy with surgery only being adjuvant for specific indication. The natural cause of tuberculous arthritis evolves over several ...

  9. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073 9990 East Cent. Afr. J. s 9990 East Cent. Afr.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    bomb explosion, suffered soft tissue injuries and were treated at KNH were Eligible .... of trousers in men to the lower limbs, and headgear in females to the head. ..... did it at random as they lacked proper co ordination and first aid knowledge.

  10. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073 9990 East Cent. Afr. J. s 9990 East Cent. Afr.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    severe Mitral Valve Regurgitation and severe mixed Mitral Valve Disease. 1,2,3 ... syndrome which has been attributed to the loss of annulo ventricular continuity 4,5,6,7. ..... Rozich JD, Carabello BA, Usher BW, Kratz JM, Bell AE, Zile MR.

  11. ISSN 2073 ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg. (Online) 9990 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Prof Kakande

    The optimal technique depends on the level of injury, the type of tissue lostdestroyed ... on its vascular pedicle And used to cover web ... dorsal arteries) were also damaged as well as the terminal radial artery feed into the deep palmar arch.

  12. GLOBAL JOURNAL OF GEOLOGICAL SCIENCE (ISSN 1596 – 6798)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ada Global

    The infrequent occurrence of flooding in the basin is caused by rain-swollen tributaries discharged into main channel at different periods. KEYWORDS: Factor ... The relative humidity values are high at Ikom (75 -90%), while the wind speed ... number of streams/unit area while the drainage density is total length of streams in ...

  13. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    education level of the victims, the weapons used, the relationships of the .... gambling and frustration were common among the jobless. ... involved in robbery, and presenting with excess alcohol consumption when they got opportunity from.

  14. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Valued eMachines Customer

    A. Teka, T. Kebede, Y. Hawaz. Department of Radiology, School of Medicine, Addis ababa University ... Background: The role of radiogy in the management of emergency patients is tremendous. Which imaging ... can be used as a platform for future planning and implementation of actions the department plans. Patients and ...

  15. Research Paper ISSN 0189-6016©2007

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Prof. Adewunmi

    traditionally used for the treatment of fracture and dislocation (Bijoy, 2002). ... The plant material was identified and authenticated at Botanical Survey of India ..... of mild analgesic non-steroidal anti-inflammatory compounds (Ferreira and Vane,.

  16. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    Comparative analysis of one year outcomes of selective laser trabeculoplasty versus argon laser trabeculoplasty in Primary Open Angle Glaucoma patients in. Nigeria. Adeola Onakoya1,2 Olusola O. ..... assess for other secondary outcomes such as pain and inflammation between the 2 groups since this was a retrospective ...

  17. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg. (Online)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    dell

    there was a sherry red, doughnut shapedprotrusion from the urethral meatus. It was soft and non-tender. A clinical diagnosis of Urethral Prolapse was made. She had routine laboratory investigations which were normal. She had a circumferential excision of the prolapsed urethra with approximation of the urethral mucosa.

  18. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    Key words: -Pilocytic astrocytoma • pilomyxoid astrocytoma • diagnosis • cerebellar ... of cerebellar Pilocytic astrocytoma, he was operated on 07/05/2015 midline .... initial therapy in the treatment of PMAs.16Whereas the literature is replete ...

  19. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    A clear clinical diagnosis and early intervention is essential to avoid testicular loss. ... The affected tested is rotated away from the midline. Intravenous ... Salvage rate is 98% when diagnosis and definitive treatment is performed within 6 hours.

  20. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent Afr J Surg

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    prompt management, including prevention of secondary brain injury and ... Mean duration of ICU stay was 18 days (range 24 hours-42 days), ..... Jennett B, Snoek J, Bond MR, Brooks N. Disability after severe head injury: observations.

  1. Journal of Agricultural Extension Vol.17 (2) December, 2013 ISSN ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ONIKOYI

    Federal College of Education Technical, Bichi, Kano State ... promises the creation of over 3.5 million jobs to young people and women across the country .... adopted to give the youth a chance to air their views, share their experiences on agriculture .... Delta Central Agricultural Zone: Challenges to agricultural extension ...

  2. Journal Afrika Statistika ISSN 0852-0305 Distortion risk measures ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    la somme et sur la structure de dépendance des risques, représentée par une copule. ... Key words: Coherence; Dependence structure; Distortion function; Risk measure; Risk theory; insurance; Wang ..... Weighted risk capital allocations.

  3. Research Paper ISSN 0189-6016©2008

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Prof. Adewunmi

    The ethanol extracts of Syzygium aromaticum flower bud were tested for ... the anti-nociceptive activity produced significant effects (P<0.05) at all the three doses of ... induced by subplantar injection of formalin was use as the measure of acute ... The signs of toxicity were first noticed after 2-6 hours of extract administration.

  4. GLOBAL JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES ISSN 1596-2903

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ada Global

    It contributes to vegetation recovery after disturbances such as tree ... many regions particularly in the south eastern Nigeria. Presently, the .... temperate deciduous forest. Journal of ... Agriculture, Washington, D.C., Handbook No. 450. Steel ...

  5. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    Africa1. In the developed world, sigmoid volvulus is uncommon accounting for about 5% of all cases of ..... retrospective nature of this study pose limitations in determining the proportion of bowel obstructions .... to pursue my surgical career.

  6. Journal of Agricultural Extension Vol.17 (2) December, 2013 ISSN ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ONIKOYI

    Agriculture is the backbone of Nigeria's economy, despite being a leading producer of oil in the African ..... book amongst other requirements of the implementing agency makes the whole process unpleasant and ... References. Adebo, S.

  7. GLOBAL JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES ISSN 1596-2903

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ada Global

    interplay of several factors including agro-ecological, socio-economic, institutional and farm level management conditions. From historic times, smallholder farmers have .... causing flooding of rice field. However, the low number of farmers practicing agroforestry shows that it is unpopular among rice farmers in the area.

  8. Research Paper ISSN 0189-6016©2007

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Prof. Adewunmi

    effect (69.4 %) at 240 hours. ... treatments at 72 h post administration are similar, there was continued reduction in sugar ... Chemical composition, functional properties and baking potential of. African breadfruit kernel and wheat flour blends.

  9. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    To counteract this shortage, many countries are developing or expanding local training programs, both at ... East Africa and Europe. In 2011, the ... workload, work-life balance during the training and remuneration after training. Further studies ...

  10. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg. (Online)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    dell

    Bronchoscopy for Removal of Aspirated Tracheobronchial Foreign Bodies at Kenyatta. National Hospital ... developing countries despite recent advances in endoscopic surgery1. This study ... length of hospital stay before the discharge order.

  11. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg. (Online)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    Alcohol use was reported in 38.9% cases 33.9% reported smoking. NSAID ... not, Fisherss exact test: 0.304; and in both the Smokers and Non Smokers (Fisherss exact test. 0.279). ... commonly affected are those younger than 60 years. In this ...

  12. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Valued eMachines Customer

    chose the type of anaesthesia after discussion with the surgeon before surgery. ... anesthesia was used in 273 patients in Lichtenstein group and 490 patients in the Desarda group. All those 763 (55.2%) .... The author made a search about the inguinal canal anatomy through books or publications made by stalwarts in this ...

  13. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent Afr J Surg

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    We describe a case of a 27-year-old male patient who sustained blunt abdominal trauma in a road traffic accident ... Keywords: gangrenous acalculous cholecystitis, trauma, cholecystectomy. Introduction .... The patient was reviewed as an outpatient 2 weeks after discharge, and .... laparoscopically in most cases. In patients ...

  14. Research Paper ISSN: 2006-0165©2008

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    African J. TradCAM

    FAMILY COMMUNICATION ON HIV / AIDS AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN ... Family communication between teenagers and their parent about sexuality .... The concern of parents on their children not been infected with the.

  15. GLOBAL JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES ISSN 1596-2903

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ada Global

    Time of nitrogen application significantly increased okra fruit yield from 7.1 t ha-1 ..... not the number of N applications that actually matters, but planning N ... Growth and yield attributes of okra as affected by sowing time and NPK fertilization.

  16. Research Paper ISSN: 2006-0165©2009

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    leads to linguistic, speech and cognitive development that is comparable to ... the spoken language of deaf children illustrated that profoundly deaf children ..... highly individualized assessment and treatment plans; that ensure that children are ...

  17. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent Afr J Surg

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    transurethral resection of the prostate, and ureteroscopy + lithotripsy. Fifty-two ... nephropathy can be initially managed with nephrostomy, ureteric stent insertion, .... the patients were not fit for definitive surgery, radiotherapy or chemotherapy.

  18. Journal of Agricultural Extension Vol.17 (2) December, 2013 ISSN ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ONIKOYI

    for farmers to use mobile phone effectively for extension communication, all the constraints ... Globally, traditional agricultural extension systems are in .... procurement and marketing of farm produce information were particularly perceived by.

  19. Research Paper ISSN 0189-6016©2009

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    , 1999). ... They were exposed to serum-free culture medium in the presence of 0.1% bovine serum .... endothelial cells with red wine polyphenols, Concord grape juice or icariin, a flavonoid ... Influence of palm oil (Elaeis guineensis) on health.

  20. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg. (Online)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    dell

    Surgical Management of Prepubertal Urethral Prolapse: A report of 3 cases. ... which was noticed as blood stains on her pants after she returned from school. .... The classical appearance of UP of the 'doughnut' sign 18 enables diagnosis to ...

  1. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    sac was atrophic, depigmented and thinned out, but there was no ulceration. She was planned for ... cost a mesh. She presented in ... may be sudden following any event which can increase the intrabdominal pressure like coughing or lifting a ...

  2. GLOBAL JOURNAL OF GEOLOGICAL SCIENCE (ISSN 1596 – 6798)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ada Global

    Nanotech (Thin Films Ltd.) Basically, the machine is connected to a ... The machine uses a radio-frequency (RF) electromagnetic field to produce an electrodeless ring discharge, thus activating oxygen is fed into a closed sample chamber. The oxygen ... whole system is kept under vacuum and the gaseous products of ...

  3. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Valued eMachines Customer

    The perforators were identified using a hand held Doppler machine. The secondary defect was skin grafted with a split thickness skin graft. Results: There were 7 males and 4 ... Vacuum assisted closure (VAC) dressing. ▫ Local flaps. ▫ Cross leg flaps. ▫ Muscle flaps. ▫ Free flaps. Free flap is the Gold standard especial in the ...

  4. Research Paper ISSN 0189-6016©2008

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Prof. Adewunmi

    evaluated against Plasmodium berghei strain ANKA in a female Swiss mouse model. Five isolated compounds and the crude extracts were evaluated for antimalarial ... This study demonstrated the presence of bioactive agents in Acacia mellifera. Key words: Acacia mellifera, lupane triterpenes, Antimalarial activity, mice.

  5. Research Paper ISSN 0189-6016©2009

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Archives Internationals de pharmacodynamic et de Therapie. 210: 27-37. 21. Sharma, H., Chandola, H.M., Singh, G. and Basisht, G. (2007) Utilization of Ayurveda in Health Care: An. Approach for Prevention, Health Promotion, and Treatment of Disease. Part 2-Ayurveda in Primary Health. Care. The J. Alter. Comple. Med.

  6. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    report the case of an 80-year old lady who presented with signs and symptoms of ... After stabilizing the patient explorative laparotomy was decided and then performed. ... cholecystectomy and fistula closure at a later date (two-stage)2, 8.

  7. Journal Afrika Statistika ISSN 0852-0305 Asymptotic representation ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Asymptotic representation theorems for poverty indices ... Statistical asymptotic laws for these indices, particularly asymptotic normality, on which statistical inference on the ... population of individuals, each of which having a random income or ...

  8. GLOBAL JOURNAL OF GEOLOGICAL SCIENCE (ISSN 1596 – 6798)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ada Global

    in wells closest to and down slope of the waste dump (total acidity 5.1-10.0 mg/l; Na+ 8.92-11.07 mg/l; Cl- 127.62- ... (human and animal wastes, dead animals, hospital waste etc.); industrial wastes such as chemicals, waste .... Test methods.

  9. Research Paper ISSN: 2006-0165©2009

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ASYMPTOMATIC BACTERIURIA IN PREGNANCY IN OSOGBO WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO. STAPHYLOCOCCUS ... pregnant women in a tertiary health institution, Southwestern Nigeria. Clean catch ... bacteriuria and treated. In Nigeria ...

  10. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    because of the several vital structures that traverse or reside in this relatively small area of the body.(1, 2)Trauma ... Post-operativecheck X-ray ofneck did notreveal any remnant of the foreign body. .... with inter dental wiring. The wound on the ...

  11. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    Distribution of Patients by Social Demographic Characteristics (N 71) ..... analysis from the German Trauma Register. …ƒ †‹ ƒ˜‹ƒ '—” ƒŽ 'ˆ ”ƒ— ƒ ”‡•—•…‹–ƒ–‹' ƒ ...

  12. Research Paper ISSN 0189-6016©2009

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Rats were housed in individual cages at a 12 hr light/dark cycle and received food ... MgSO4 1.3, KH2PO4 1.2, NaH2CO3 25, CaCl2 2.5, glucose 7). .... peripheral neurons similar to amphetamine (Kalix, 1992) increases in blood pressure and ...

  13. Research Paper ISSN 0189-6016©2009

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Key words: Tualang honey, Malaysia, Total antioxidant activity, Gamma ... with different floral sources as well as climatic and environmental conditions ... Briefly, working FRAP reagent was prepared by mixing 10 volumes of 300 mmol/L.

  14. Research Paper ISSN 0189-6016©2009

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Sapogenins. Antimony chloride in concentrated hydrochloric acid. Violet. Terpenoids. Antimony chloride in chloroform. Green. Quinones. Exposure to ammonia fumes. Red, orange, yellow, brown. (Adapted from Chowdhury et al., 2008.) Table 2: % mean Inhibition zones of the extracts/drugs. Extract/ drug. % mean inhibition.

  15. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg. (Online)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    dell

    Background: Surgical abdominal emergencies constitute an entity of pathologies requiring immediate medical and surgical management in most of the cases. There is little information regarding the clinical spectrum of disease in these patients and the outcome after admission to hospital. This study was conducted at Kigali ...

  16. Journal of Agricultural Extension Vol.17 (2) December, 2013 ISSN ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ONIKOYI

    aged between 41 – 50 years and their mean age was 40 years. A greater ... access to credit, agricultural information and market as well as rural ..... Utilizing Research Findings to Increase Food Production: What the mass media should do in ...

  17. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    6. Ben Elya A, Zissinb R, Copela L, Vassermana M, Hertzc M, Gottlieba P, Gayera G: The wandering spleen: CT findings and possible pitfalls in diagnosis. Clin Radiol 2006, 61:954 958. PubMed Abstract | Publisher Full Text. 7. Karmazyn B, Steinberg R, Gayer G, Grozovski S, Freud E, Kornreich L: Wandering spleen the.

  18. Journal of Agricultural Extension Vol.17 (2) December, 2013 ISSN ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ONIKOYI

    management staff (head of department agriculture) and five (5) field staff from other cadres were ..... Inadequate budget allocation to agricultural departments. 3.47*. 0.724 ... Lack of quick or immediate cash return from most agricultural projects.

  19. Journal of Agricultural Extension Vol.17 (2) December, 2013 ISSN ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ONIKOYI

    technology facilities that will enhance the dissemination of information. In Nigeria today, the ... For example, the agricultural transformation agenda (ATA) of the ... Based on the importance of mobile phone in information dissemination, this ...

  20. Research Paper ISSN 0189-6016©2009

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    including Central and South America, the West Indies, Sri Lanka, and Malaysia. The vast ... equivalent to tea, coffee, maté and cocoa. ... Kola nuts used for this study were fresh Cola nitida seeds (100g) procured in a local market in Ile-Ife,.

  1. Research Paper ISSN 0189-6016©2009

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    further development of plant medicines for health care delivery. ... Urine test strips (UroColorTM 10) were supplied by Standard Diagnostics Inc ... mg kg-1 plant raw material mixture (7.2% w/w) and stored in a cool dry place. ..... Anaemia is the principal nutritional problem in the world and affects mostly children and pregnant.

  2. Research Paper ISSN: 2006-0165©2008

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    AJTCAM

    School of Pharmacy, Masterskill University, College of Health Sciences, Batu 9, 43200 Cheras, ... treatment at the Master skill Clinic, Malaysia. ... attached to the skin on the opposite sides of the wound at a distance of 0.5 cm away from the ...

  3. Journal of Agricultural Extension Vol.17 (2) December, 2013 ISSN ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ONIKOYI

    effects and the actions are bound to be accompanied with desirable and or ... it is being used as a tool for dealing with complexity in planning, monitoring ... or short-term project and outcomes when associated with changing status of humans in ... of approximately 30 million people as of 2005, accounting for more than 23% ...

  4. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent Afr J Surg

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    57 COSECSA/ASEA Publication -- East & Central African Journal of Surgery 2017; Vol. 22 (3) ... traumatic injury is an enormous public health problem throughout the world. ... In Nigeria, the annual report of the Federal Road Safety Corps in 2014 .... and unemployed individuals accounted for most of the occupational groups.

  5. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent Afr J Surg

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    of legislation and enforcement of extant rules and regulations on prevention and treatment ... or lost productivity (in wages, for example) for those killed or disabled by ... study was conducted to fill this gap. ... Table 1: Patient age and gender.

  6. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    The first case was of a Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) positive 65 year old male patient, who was on antiretroviral treatment ... gallbladder wall shows complete hemorrhagic necrosis consistent with torsion. Conclusion is ... Typhoid fever is a known cause of spontaneous gallbladder perforation in the absence of stone ...

  7. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg. (Online)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    dell

    incomplete splitting of the embryonic axis and, with the exception of parasitic ... which a zygote completely separates, but stem cells find like-stem cells on the other ... Conjoined twinning is one of the most fascinating human malformations and ...

  8. Journal of Agricultural Extension Vol.17 (2) December, 2013 ISSN ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ONIKOYI

    collection, storage, processing, transmission and presentation of information in multiple ... IAC uses the popular internet to provide wireless communication between .... supply from the grid (if available) and uses the “stored” energy provided by ...

  9. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Valued eMachines Customer

    by echocardiography. There were two-treatment group. The first group underwent a standard surgical closure and these were 26 patients this group was obtained from the usual and routinely done PDA ligation. The second group also comprised 26 patients who had undergone a modified closure technique as illustrated by ...

  10. Research Paper ISSN 0189-6016©2008

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    African J. TradCAM

    ... as a resource for research and development programmes in the pursuit of ..... Schultes R.E (1978) The Kingdom of plants In: W.A.R. Thomson (ed.) ... Tschesche R (1970) Advances in the chemistry of antibiotic substances from higher plants ...

  11. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    Aetiology and Treatment Outcome of Severe Traumatic Brain Injuries in .... positive pressure ventilation (PPV) as prolonged PPV use can cause cerebral ... Table 1. Age Group Frequency. Group (years). Number. Percent (%). 0 - <10. 14. 12.73.

  12. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    epileptic functionally which persisted till the time of writing this manuscript. ... 21mg/kg in children as loading doses, and 300mg/day for adult and 5m/kg/day for ... three parameters: best motor response (1-6), best verbal response (1-5), and best eye ..... protein and fat, improved immune competence, promoted neurological ...

  13. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    had been admitted to or attempted to go to a facility that offered such services. Therefore, death ... as a location to nurse and care for severely ill and injured patients became an important service ..... International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics 2005. Vol 88: .... neuroscience patients by acute care nurse practitioners.

  14. Research Paper ISSN 0189-6016©2008

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    AJTCAM

    identified as (ent)-kaur-16-en-19-oic acid (KA) and (ent)-pimara-8, 15-dien-19-oic acid (PA). Both compounds were significantly effective regarding analgesics, hypothermia, duration of pentobarbital-induced anesthesia, and depression of locomotor activity enhanced by methamphetamine at doses of 300 mg/kg (KA) and ...

  15. GLOBAL JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES ISSN 1596-2903

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ada Global

    black skinned ectotype and 22 days for the white skinned ectotype. The values for mean percent ... The stocking density of two snails to a cage .... for Broiler Chicks. Nig. J. Anim. Prod. 28(1): 40. – 44. Falconer, D. S., 1989. Introduction to ...

  16. Journal of Agricultural Extension Vol.17 (2) December, 2013 ISSN ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ONIKOYI

    hinged on extension services by helping farmers to identify, analyze and link with research on their production problems. They also create awareness on opportunities for improvement of farm yields leading to increased income and better standard of living (Van den ban and. Hawkins, 1998; Balantyne and Bokre, 2003).

  17. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    5Islamic University in Uganda, Habib Medical School, Anatomy Department, ... 9University of Duzce, School of Medicine, Physiology Department, Turkey ... 3 Anesthesiologists, (two from DWW-Turkey and one from Uganda), 2 nurses and.

  18. GLOBAL JOURNAL OF GEOLOGICAL SCIENCE (ISSN 1596 – 6798)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ada Global

    variety of mineral occurrences, notably calcite, siderite and sometime pyrite in the coal basin and traceable to precipitates in various joints, cleats, cell voids and lumens are associated/formed during epigenetic mineralization episode (post depositional phase), when the macerals have differentiated into their various entities.

  19. Research Paper ISSN 0189-6016©2008

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    African J. TradCAM

    Their short as well as long-term exposure causes significant (P<0.05) time and .... for 96h exposure period to 80% of the 96h LC50 and the one half of the animal was sacrificed and the activity of all ..... accumulation of lactic acid, coupled with the inhibition of LDH, SDH activity, the tendency towardsof shifts in the metabolism ...

  20. GLOBAL JOURNAL OF GEOLOGICAL SCIENCE (ISSN 1596 – 6798)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ada Global

    Detailed geochemical investigation of water from River Kassa was carried out ... channeled into their concessional area for processing of tin ore. The Kassa river system which is the south- ... consumption and thus constitute health hazards for.

  1. Journal of Agricultural Extension Vol.17 (2) December, 2013 ISSN ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ONIKOYI

    (iv) provision of social infrastructure to enhance living conditions in the rural villages (FRN,. 1976). However ... LG autonomy such as making direct allocation to LG without passing through state government. .... Advertisement fees. Grants on ...

  2. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    2013-01-03

    Jan 3, 2013 ... quantifying the magnitude of this public health problem, but for ... outcomes yielding a P-value < 0.25 or whose inclusion in the model .... Injury outcomes can be avoided with strategies that minimize childhood risk factors,.

  3. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    develops, in the last decades the video assisted thoracic surgery (VATS)8 9 ... This study was there for done with main objective of assessing the outcome ... SPSS version 20.0 statistical software and presented in descriptive and tabular forms.

  4. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent Afr J Surg

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    cancer registry at Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre in northern Tanzania. Pamela T.K. ... was associated with no other symptoms except night pain and had been gradually growing. He ... healthy for his age and active. X-rays .... osteosarcoma, giant cell tumour, multiple myeloma, metastatic carcinomas, and high-grade.

  5. GLOBAL JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES ISSN 1596-2903

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ada Global

    mainly primary data collected from one hundred and twenty (120) farmers using structural questionnaire administered using multistage random technique. ... economically precarious situation, the preference for tried-and-true production ... determined using the formula and criteria below, adopted and modified from the work ...

  6. Research Paper ISSN 0189-6016©2008

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    AJTCAM

    inflammatory, antitumor and antioxidant properties (Sharada et al., 1996; Bhattacharya et al., ... Withaferin-A (WA) was extracted and isolated from commercially available Withania somnifera root ..... Chemomodulatory efficacy of Basil leaf (Ocimum ... In vitro human phase I metabolism of xenobiotics I: pesticides and related.

  7. Research Paper ISSN 0189-6016©2008

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    African J. TradCAM

    Training designed to improve circumcision knowledge, attitude and practice was delivered over 5 days to ... Application of Health Standards in Traditional Circumcision Act No. .... The questionnaire was administered in a face-to-face interview.

  8. Short Communication ISSN 0189-6016©2007

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Prof. Adewunmi

    authenticated at the Botany department, Faculty of Science, Aden University, Yemen; Voucher specimens of the plant material were deposited in Pharmacognosy Unit, Aden University. Air-dried and ground plant material (10 g) was extracted at room temperature successively with chloroform (100 ml x 4), MeOH (100 ml x 4) ...

  9. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Valued eMachines Customer

    There was a of purulent ear discharge 8 days prior to eye symptoms. ... complication can be further divided into intratemporal and extra temporal .... with systemic antibiotics, topical steroid containing antibiotic ear and eye drops .... Nwabuisi C, Ologe FE, Pathogenic agents of chronic suppurative otitis media in Ilorin,. Nigeria ...

  10. Journal of Agricultural Extension Vol.17 (2) December, 2013 ISSN ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ONIKOYI

    National Agricultural Extension Research Liaison Services (NAERGLS), ... agricultural extension, the organization is meant to serve the extension, ... farm families ratio, extension agents (EAs) training, and the likely causes of the problem.

  11. Journal of Agricultural Extension Vol.17 (2) December, 2013 ISSN ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ONIKOYI

    Policies that encouraged that promote diversification of income sources ... employment opportunities, source of revenue to the government (tax and ... The importance of livestock cannot be over-emphasised, considering the role they play in.

  12. Journal of Agricultural Extension Vol.17 (2) December, 2013 ISSN ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ONIKOYI

    their outputs to consumers in the open markets. Most (56%) of them used manual ... income generating opportunities are needed to support the millions of poor families who can no longer support their ... consists of four local government areas, namely Akwanga, Wamba, Kokona and Nasarawa-. Eggon with the zonal office ...

  13. GLOBAL JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES ISSN 1596-2903

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ada Global

    mean rainfall for locations in the West African Sahel will reduce yields substantially and in many cases could lead to total crop failure. The study ... roughness, and the amount of dust generation are seen as possible triggers to a .... Table 1: Coefficient of determintion (R2) for the multiple regression models. Model 1. Location.

  14. Journal Afrika Statistika ISSN 0852-0305 Champernowne ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    It plays an important role in both statistical and probabilistic applications, namely: the goodness-of-fit, ... continuous (cdf) F with probability density function (pdf) f. ..... Nonparametric inference of values at risk for dependent financial returns.

  15. Research Paper ISSN 0189-6016©2008

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Prof. Adewunmi

    *Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, Olabisi Onabanjo ... This study was carried out to investigate the cardiovascular effect of ... the risk of coronary and artherogenic diseases and that Garcinia kola do not prevent the ... Key Words: Garcinia kola, Cardiovascular disease risk factor, amodiaquine ...

  16. Research Paper ISSN 0189-6016©2008

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    AJTCAM

    for detecting the serum levels of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) and ... performance liquid chromatography; AIC: Akaike's information criterion; SC: The Schwarz ... impact of two commonly used herbal medicines (garlic and cranberry) on the ... Our study aimed to explore the effects of garlic on the pharmacokinetics and ...

  17. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Valued eMachines Customer

    attachment for the gluteus maximus, adductor magnus, adductor brevis, vastus muscles, and the short head of the biceps ... secondary bone tumours and repetitive stress. Injury mechanism and age ... energy injuries are known to occur commonly in the elderly and are due to falls and usually have a local or general factor ...

  18. Research Paper ISSN 0189-6016©2009

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    An ethnobotanical survey was conducted on plants used traditionally for the management of tuberculosis in five local government areas of Ogun State, Nigeria, in a bid to document herbs used in the management of tuberculosis with the aim of identifying possible drug lead from the phytomedicine of these communities.

  19. GLOBAL JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES ISSN 1596-2903

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ada Global

    The crude amylases produced syrups in the type II category with Dextrose Equivalent (DE) of 47 and 50 ... industries. ... due probably to the prohibitive cost of highly purified enzymes. Amylases are ..... Production, Isolation and Economics.

  20. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent Afr J Surg

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Appendicular perforation (25.4%) and gangrenous intussusception (23.8%) were the ... Successful management of peritonitis requires timely surgical intervention to ... perforations (especially peptic ulcer perforations) are more common in ...

  1. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

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    Background: Academic dishonesty is widespread across the world and studies ... No one is immune from this vice and those in institutions rife .... Bachore, M. M. Academic Dishonesty/ Corruption in the Period of Technology: Its implication for.

  2. Journal of Agricultural Extension Vol.17 (2) December, 2013 ISSN ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ONIKOYI

    Improving Farmers' Efficiency in Rice Production In Nigeria: The ... efficiency in agriculture and existing knowledge gap, the study was aimed to assess ... major crops grown in the State include rice, maize, millet, cowpea, groundnut and.

  3. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    and sustained release of Parathormone (PTH) with an overall effect of elevated ... The clinical manifestation is protean and involves a number of organs and systems .... Her post operative course was smooth except few episodes of hypocalcemic tetany .... following parathyroidectomy are recurrent laryngeal nerve injury and.

  4. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent Afr J Surg

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Subsequent to this recognition, comprehensive trauma systems were developed to ... nervous system (CNS) injury were termed CNS mortality. ..... concept that injury as a disease can be prevented or have its negative impacts decreased by .... The influence of acidosis, hypocalcemia, anemia, and hypothermia on functional.

  5. GLOBAL JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES ISSN 1596-2903

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ada Global

    Measurements of temperature, red, far red wavelength of light and the ratio red to far red were made ... Plant species within 2.5 X 2.5m2 quadrats were enumerated every two months. ... the manufacture of food for it's growth and maintenance.

  6. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

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    intraoperative images presented here are more eloquent than any narrative description as they clearly show the ruptured ... surgical strategy. Cholecytitis ... R.G. Khandelwal, T.V.S. Reddy, T.G.S. Balachandar, K.R. Palaniswamy, P.K. Reddy,.

  7. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    data sheet was used to record age, cause of injury,Glasgow coma score, injury severity ..... participants constituted a bigger percentage compared to the favourable group.16, 17, .... Does the Extended Glasgow Outcome Scale Add Value.

  8. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    Methods: This was a retrospective study performed on 26 eyes of 26 patients who ... or mitomycin C have been shown to safely increase the rate of success of ... other hand is cheaper and can be used to treat other ocular diseases. .... statistically significant (P<0.01) with the patients on ALT being on more eye-drops than.

  9. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent Afr J Surg

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: Knowledge of the causes of poor vision among children will contribute to interventions and ... secondary eye care clinic at State Specialist Hospital in Osogbo, Nigeria. .... Dilated fundoscopy using a combination of cyclopentolate and tropicamide eye drops ..... Gilbert C. New issues in childhood blindness.

  10. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg. (Online)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    dell

    Cirugia Espanola 1999;66( Suppl 1):233. 16. David GG, Al-Sarira AA, Willmott S et al. Management of acute gallbladder disease in. England. British Journal Of Surgery 2008; 95: 472-476. 17. David W. Rattner, Charles Ferguson, Andrew L. Warshaw et al. Factors associated with. Successful Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy ...

  11. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent Afr J Surg

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    myelomeningocele or encephalocele (MMC/EC) were strongly associated. Complication and infection were significantly and negatively associated with complication-free 1-year survival rate (P < 0.001 each), while gender, age, procedure, and cause of hydrocephalus did not show any association with survival. There was a ...

  12. Research Paper ISSN 0189-6016©2009

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Bataller and ... The guidelines for animal care and use were approved by the committee ... The data is expressed in mean±SD and tested by analysis of variance. .... were obtained before treatment and scored by Knodell's histological activity index.

  13. Research Paper ISSN 0189-6016©2009

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The test organisms included bacteria (Enterococcus faecalis, ... fungus C. neoformans was also inhibited by many compounds present in the extracts. ... estimated that natural products are implicated in the development of 44% of all new drugs,.

  14. GLOBAL JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES ISSN 1596-2903

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ada Global

    FAO/UNESCO equivalent of these soils is Luvisol. ... KEYWORDS: Floodplain soils, classification, land use, sustainable ... texture of floodplain soils to range from clay to sand with ... season but in the dry season, its moisture content is.

  15. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent Afr J Surg

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hand involvement and sex of the patient and Type of diabetes is significantly ... are most commonly seen in patients with a longstanding history of type 1 diabetes, ... Exclusion criteria included pregnancy, age less than 14 years, and diabetes ...

  16. Research Paper ISSN 0189-6016©2008

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Prof. Adewunmi

    ) of 13 populations of different silvicultural zones ... The present work reports the antimicrobial activity of the essential oil of Ocimum gratissimum L., and the chemical ..... 'Some Medicinal Forest Plants of Africa and Latin America.' 7. Harjula, H.

  17. Research Paper ISSN 0189-6016©2009

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2Department of Plant Science and Applied Zoology, Olabisi Onabanjo University, ... However, the effects are distinctively different, ... asthma. The caffeine present acts as a bronchodilator, expanding the bronchial air ..... and authentication of the plants and also to the anonymous reviewer for helpful ... Nutrition and Food Sci.

  18. GLOBAL JOURNAL OF GEOLOGICAL SCIENCE (ISSN 1596 – 6798)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ada Global

    studied for paleodepositional reconstruction using pebble morphometry. Two types of pebbles were observed in the area; quartzose and mudrock pebbles. .... Not withstanding the few limitations of the use of pebble morphometry in paleoenvironmental diagnoses, it has proven to be an excellent tool for deciphering that.

  19. GLOBAL JOURNAL OF GEOLOGICAL SCIENCE (ISSN 1596 – 6798)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ada Global

    limestone is fine-grained, fossiliferous and composed dominantly of algal boundstone and lenses of oolitic wackestone and packstone. ..... natural gas for fuel. Both oil and gas contain sulphur compounds which vary from 0.5 to 3%. Sulphur will combine with CaO at proper temperature and produce calcium sulfide or ...

  20. Research Paper ISSN 0189-6016©2008

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    AJTCAM

    Dementia is one of the age related mental problems and characteristic symptom of various ... the brain cells to increased oxidative stress during aging process. ... the treatment of cognitive disorders such as dementia and Alzheimer's disease.

  1. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg. (Online)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    dell

    COSECSA/ASEA Publication -East and Central African Journal of Surgery April .... toward skeletal muscle, cartilage, fibrous tissue, and sometimes fat, and most ... ipsilateral lobes of the lung, the central nervous system including the spinal ...

  2. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent Afr J Surg

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Results: A total of 46 cases were identified, representing 25.4% of all cases of SV noted during ... to have had a longer duration of symptoms and a higher incidence of peritonitis than those ... emergency surgery for SV have a high mortality rate, reported at 10% to 17%, ... The SV diagnoses were suspected on clinical and.

  3. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg. (Online)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    showed that surgical emergencies, majority of which are in Low and Middle ... Some cases of GDP have been reported to be malignant15. ... Clinical feature .... higher prevalence of duodenal than gastric perforations in patients with peritonitis.

  4. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Valued eMachines Customer

    We report a series of 10 cases of patients who were admitted in our hospital for abdominal ... Emergency laparotomy for acute peritonitis is a common procedure ... In Northern Uganda economic means are very poor as clinical and surgical ...

  5. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent Afr J Surg

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ileosigmoid knotting in pregnancy: A case report from Zimbabwe ... and who underwent an emergency laparotomy during which a diagnosis of ISK was made. ... Reassessment of the patient after a few hours revealed a marked clinical ... This patient had a provisional diagnosis of sigmoid volvulus without peritonitis.

  6. Review Paper ISSN: 2006-0165©2008

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    African J. TradCAM

    The brief outline about each of these infectious agents is discussed ..... Leprosy is a chronic infection caused by Mycobacterium leprae affecting the ... The traditional .... released or deliberately disseminated as an act of biological terrorism. .... of potentially contaminated food, and a history of travel to areas endemic for viral ...

  7. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Valued eMachines Customer

    proportion (Mostly 2/3rd) of injuries among male than female patients (range ... Because of the uncertainties about the quality and the absence of some data in certain ... on trauma/ injuries in the Ethiopian population for the period of 1960- August ... 18 investigated the magnitude and pattern of injuries within hospitalized.

  8. GLOBAL JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES ISSN 1596-2903

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ada Global

    The percent. Sodium, Potassium, Calcium, Magnesium, Phosphorus, Iron, Zinc, Copper, Lead, Cadmium and Manganese were ..... should produce some quantity of meat and milk. With ... green leafy vegetables commonly found in the western ...

  9. Journal of Agricultural Extension Vol.17 (2) December, 2013 ISSN ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ONIKOYI

    respondents accessed information on Poultry management techniques and marketing during ... It creates business opportunity for entrepreneurs and provides employment. ... Idachaba (2004) advocated a focus on small-scale farmers ... challenges and risks resulting from the opening of the economies to international.

  10. GLOBAL JOURNAL OF GEOLOGICAL SCIENCE (ISSN 1596 – 6798)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ada Global

    ABSTRACT. The Bouguer anomaly map of the region between latitudes 30N and 3045'N and longitudes 9030'E and 10010'E and which forms the southern part of the Douala Basin, shows ring-like positive contour lines. The Bouguer gravity profiles obtained across the gravity anomaly contour lines in the region have been ...

  11. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Valued eMachines Customer

    3Department of Pathology, University of Ibadan and the University College ... osteomyelitis2 skin graft donor site3 injection sites 4,5 venous ulcers 6 scar tissue ... Lichen planus is a chronic mucocutaneous disease which presents as an itchy ...

  12. GLOBAL JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES ISSN 1596-2903

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ada Global

    'Maputo, Declaration on Agriculture and food security in. Africa'. The Declaration ... last nine (9) years of military regime and the first nine (9) years of ... For Military. (1990-1998). 2.4. 1999. 2000. 2001. 2002. 2003. 2004. 2005. 2006. 2007. 2008. 947,690.0. 701,100.0. 1,018,000.0. 1,018,200.0. 1,226,000.0. 1,377,300.00.

  13. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg. (Online)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    dell

    In the past, the University College Hospital Ibadan, Nigeria had no clear-cut policy regarding treatment of patients with HIVAIDS. .... The mother was HIV positive and needed a mastectomy for breast cancer. .... cultural practices: Their influence on the process of gaining informed consent for surgery in a tertiary institution in a ...

  14. Research Paper ISSN 0189-6016©2008

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    African J. TradCAM

    that PHT possesses a significant (p<0.05) anti-nociceptive effects which were peripherally and centrally mediated as ... analgesic effect of PHT, although similar to that of aspirin but was found to be more potent than aspirin. ..... painkillers.

  15. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    Roscoe Graham), duodenal resection with end to end anastomosis, application of a synthetic mesh, jejunal serosal patching ... duodenal defects in dogs by suturing an intact loop of jejunum over the hole. In their experiments ... diagnosis of perforated peptic ulcer and omental patch leakage was obtained at surgery. Results.

  16. 196, 2014. ISSN:1998-0507 Submitted: December 4, 2013

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Osondu

    2014-03-08

    Mar 8, 2014 ... This paper assesses soil aggregate stability and erodibility in different gully ... regression analysis was used to check the contribution or influence of each independent variable on the .... placed on a 2.8 mm gauge metal sieve.

  17. Research Paper ISSN 0189-6016©2009

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hole udder. Buffalo, Cow, Goat. Bombax ceiba. (Semal-Bombaceae). Bark of Bombax ceiba mixed with seeds of Glycine max and grind with water to eat. Vigna mungo. (Kali dal-Fabaceae). Seed powders mixed with ... (Pyaj-Liliaceae). Bulb is grinded and mixed with black salt and used to drink with water. Zingiber officinale.

  18. Research Paper ISSN 0189-6016©2008

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    AJTCAM

    The hamsters were maintained as per the principles and guidelines of the ..... Financial support from Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), New Delhi to Mr. K. Panjamurthy, in the form of Senior .... Principles and management of cancer.

  19. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    Lateral Pharyngeal Diverticulum presenting with Dysphagia. N Berhanu,K Philipos, T yalew. Cardiothoracic Surgery Unit, Department of Surgery, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. СФФЗХТСРЖЗРЕЗ ЦС Dr. Philipos Kidane, Email: philiposkidane@gmail.com. ГЦЗФГО ТКГФЫРЙЗГО ЖЛШЗФЦЛЕЧОЧП ...

  20. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    self-reporting to establish the extent and factors contributing to the practice. .... Butterfield K. D., Trevino L. K. Academic Dishonesty in Graduate Business Programs: ... Wiese D. S., Harvey M. G. An Investigation Into the Dimensions of Unethical.

  1. Research Paper ISSN 0189-6016©2008

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    African J. TradCAM

    advantageous for their use as environmentally safe piscicide for controlling the predatory ..... Animal behaviour is a neurotropically regulated phenomenon, which is ... groups which indicating that no factor other than MEx was responsible for.

  2. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg. (Online)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    dell

    Pleural tap revealed frank blood and chest x-ray (fig.1)revealed massive left pleural effusion with shift of the mediastinum to the right and with the .... Manivel JC, Priest JR, Watterson J, Steiner M, Woods WG, Wick MR, et al. Pleuropulmonary blastoma. The so-called pulmonary blastoma of childhood. Cancer. 1988; 62 (8): ...

  3. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    2014-10-31

    Oct 31, 2014 ... Results: The prevalence of MSK disorders among SCA patients was found to be .... Spine osteonecrosis was diagnosed by clinical history of back pain ..... Kooy A, de Heide L, Ten Tije A, Mulder A, Tanghe H, Kluytmans J, et al ...

  4. Research Paper ISSN 0189-6016©2008

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Prof. Adewunmi

    Amukkara curanam, a Siddha formulation, currently used in all types of gastric disorders, rheumatic pain, insomnia and sexual insufficiency, was investigated for the estimation of the marker compounds, withaferine A and piperine contents in a prepared standard formulation and a commercial formulation by using HPTLC ...

  5. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    Block Following Breast Cancer Surgery in a Nigerian Hospital. A Rukewe1 ... mastectomy with axillary clearance under general anaesthesia with paravertebral block and 15 ... prolonged postoperative pain relief for unilateral breast operations.

  6. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg. (Online)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    dell

    investigations to be employed and the treatment options that may be .... He had a smooth post-operative course and was ... inter costal space along the anterior axillary line. ... abdominal pain, distension, tachycardia and generalized abdominal ... he underwent emergency laparotomy during which an en block resection of.

  7. Journal Afrika Statistika ISSN 0852-0305 Testing independence of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    is the matricial representation of the vector x (resp. y) relative to the canonical basis of Rp. (resp. Rq). 2.2. The test .... identifying each vector with its matrix relative to canonical basis, we can write : ̂Λn j = rj. ∑ h=1. ̂p n jĥτ n jh ... The proposed method is achieved from the following algorithm: 1. Compute X n and for j = 1, ...

  8. Journal Afrika Statistika ISSN 0852-0305 An efficient locally ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    matrix with rank r (r

  9. Research Paper ISSN 0189-6016©2009

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Mice were divided into the following 4 experimental groups: control group (CG), low dose group ... has been reported to exhibit multiple pharmacological activities, such as ... worthy of attention of modern people who are usually under stress.

  10. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg. (Online)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    dell

    account for 10-15% of soft tissue sarcoma.1,2 Liposarcoma represent 0.1% ... and arise mostly from the mesenchyme usually located in muscles, fat and connective tissue.4 It is a high grade tumor with high propensity for recurrence.1 80% of ...

  11. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    1Department of Physiotherapy, College of Health Sciences, Addis Ababa University. ... The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and to identify the risk ... continue to increase, leading to the characterization of LBP as a societal .... one indicates absence of LBP while point number 10 indicates worst pain ...

  12. Research Paper ISSN: 2006-0165©2009

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Screening, rather than diagnostic audiology measures were conducted on a majority ... Meningitis is also the most common identifiable cause of acquired profound .... of stigmatisation or rejection by community (Hatzopoulos et al., 2007; Moeller, ... Africa, wide scale access to health care (including audiological services) for ...

  13. Research Paper ISSN 0189-6016©2008

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    African J. TradCAM

    Immunomodulatory activity was evaluated using red blood cell-induced immunostimulation. .... rabbit red blood cell (RRBC) suspension in normal saline was administered intra-peritoneally. This was repeated 14 ... to each well, incubated for 1 hr, after which 100 µl of 1:400 diluted streptavidin-horse radish peroxidase was ...

  14. Research Paper ISSN 0189-6016©2008

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Prof. Adewunmi

    for Scientific Research into Plant Medicine (CSRPM), Ghana, was assessed for its ... The study design was based on an open, prospective, non-comparative clinical trial in .... Medicine, 4th Edition, Oxford University Press, Oxford pp 572, 644.

  15. Research Paper ISSN 0189-6016©2009

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    AJTCAM

    They were randomized into six groups of six rats each. Food was withdrawn 24 hrs and water 2hr before the commencement of experiment (Alphin and Ward, 1967). Group 1 (control) received only indomethacin (Sigma, 60mg/kg p.o. dissolved in 5% Na2Co3); Groups 2- 4 were pretreated with Lasianthera africana extract ...

  16. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent Afr J Surg

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    72 COSECSA/ASEA Publication -- East & Central African Journal of Surgery 2017; Vol. ... A 60-year-old man presented with a 6-month history of persistent difficulty in ... injury is due to the fact that jejunum is located relatively far away from the.

  17. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent Afr J Surg

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    were conducted with the children's caretakers by 2 paediatric surgery ... paediatrician at the Eduardo Mondlane Medical School in Maputo, with the aid of nursing ..... Epilepsy. 1/9. 11%. Other. 5/9. 56%. Discussion. Our findings are consistent ...

  18. Journal of Agricultural Extension Vol.17 (2) December, 2013 ISSN ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ONIKOYI

    The inefficiency of extension service in passing information to farmers is extremely difficult due to the ... It is hoped that information and communication technologies (ICTs) will provide both “new and unique ..... Revolution?”InfoDev Working ...

  19. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Valued eMachines Customer

    Methods: Children who underwent vesicostomy between September 1998 ... because this can lead to bladder irritations, urinary tract infections and bladder stones. ... Pre-vesicostomy serum creatinine is a valuable factor for prediction of renal ...

  20. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Valued eMachines Customer

    education i.e. operation room teaching into question. Method: We ... sample t tests, comparing Likert scores. Findings ... each resident to decrease, attention and follow up provided by the faculty to be more sparse, direct ... feedback on steps of the procedure (p < 0.05), being asked relevant questions during the procedure (p.

  1. 2225-8590 (Print) ISSN 2227-5452

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DR Nneka

    2015-04-14

    Apr 14, 2015 ... Indexed African Journals Online (AJOL) www.ajol.info ..... the employee placed the cash on the counter in front of the cashier, with the intention .... (8) Banks should review its recruitment process to ensure that staff recruited is of ... (13) Banks should ensure that they purchase and use armoured vehicles for ...

  2. Research Paper ISSN 0189-6016©2009

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Fasting blood glucose (FBG) levels were determined in the two groups of animals after ... The levels of serum creatinine, urea, triglyceride, total cholesterol, total ..... previous studies that have used the TBARS assay as index of LPO (Bastar et ...

  3. Journal Afrika Statistika ISSN 0852-0305 Nonlinear wavelet ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    mator; Nonparametric regression; Strong mixing condition. ... In this paper we consider the right censorship model and we introduce a new nonlinear ... provide excellent selective review article on nonlinear wavelet methods in nonparametric.

  4. Research Paper ISSN 0189-6016©2008

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    AJTCAM

    Self-treatment for eye diseases is very common in most developing countries yet there has .... About 65% of women were under 40 years of age compared to 51% of men. ... Only 74% of women were married. .... women reported no religion *** There were 22 men and 67 women reporting business, 22 men and 8 women.

  5. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    2015-11-30

    Nov 30, 2015 ... haematomas are associated with a skull fracture in adults but the figure is notably .... with severe disability (GOS 2) and one had a good recovery (GOS 5). .... skull fracture which is significantly lower compared to studies which.

  6. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    The surgical repair is easy to perform, relatively safe and has minimal postoperative ... segment of bowel into the abdomen9 and its associated morbidity as the patient is made to wait for a few days before .... the groin as well as the economic implications of caring for children using out of pocket financing in resource ...

  7. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg. (Online)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    dell

    traffic crush will be the third most common cause of disability worldwide and the second ... reviews, conducted by Rodriguez and co-workers, found 10 articles in ..... a paradigm shift from operative to nonoperative management in the 1990s.

  8. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    traumatic ... The principle investigator with the help of a research assistant obtained information from ... agreement, 0.21-0.40 indicated fair level of agreement, 0.41-0.60 indicated moderate ..... community hospital; an audit of current practice. BMJ.

  9. GLOBAL JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES ISSN 1596-2903

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ada Global

    This paper applies statistical and geostatistical procedures to analyse the spatial distribution of several soil properties and .... curve as the functional diagram of the semi-variance. ( ) ... indicating that the dispersion of data points in each data.

  10. Research Paper ISSN 0189-6016©2009

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    AJTCAM

    Innocent et al.,.. Afr. J. Trad. CAM (2009) 6 (2): 163 - 167. 164 use for managing malaria infections. The current study reports the invivo activity of aqueous ethanolic extracts of the plants. Materials and Methods. Solvents. Dimethyl sulphoxide (DMSO) was purchased from Sigma (Poole, Dorset, UK), ethanol from Fisher.

  11. GLOBAL JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES ISSN 1596-2903

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ada Global

    ABSTRACT. The study assessed the agro-marketers' patronage of private commercial coldrooms in Abakaliki Urban area of Ebonyi State. Purposive sampling technique was employed in selecting 120 respondents (30 cold room operators and 90 agro-marketers) used for the study. Data were collected from primary source ...

  12. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    and short term complications between FH and SH save for bleeding in the short term follow up which ..... suggested that these tags eventually regress in the long run and perhaps patients may be counseled to that effect ... Memorial Hospital.

  13. Afrika Statistika ISSN 2316-090X Improved Randomized Response ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Key words: Efficiency, Proportion Estimation, Randomized Response ... as drunk driving, abortion, alcoholism, illicit drugs usage, tax evasion, illegal possession of arms are ... is the impact of the response distortion on the survey or test results.

  14. Journal of Agricultural Extension Vol.17 (2) December, 2013 ISSN ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ONIKOYI

    Agricultural extension in Turkey, Communication for extension Development. Introduction. Agricultural extension ... “communication for development” (C4D) strategy for addressing human dimension concerns, such as ... A Pearson. Correlation ...

  15. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent Afr J Surg

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The ICH showed evidence of significant mass effect on brain computed .... Laterality. Right. Left. 13 (61.9). 8 (38.1). Intracerebral distribution*. Superficial cortical ... Early surgery versus initial conservative treatment in patients with spontaneous.

  16. GLOBAL JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES ISSN 1596-2903

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ada Global

    semi-hardwood and softwood) of the stem cuttings of G. latifolia in relation to ... second week after planting even though softwood cuttings started earlier showed the importance of carbohydrate ..... women in the University of Nigeria, Nsukka.

  17. Journal of Agricultural Extension Vol.17 (2) December, 2013 ISSN ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ONIKOYI

    Place of the Freedom of Information Act in Promoting Agricultural. Extension under the .... information-sharing and joint decision-making. The terms ..... public opinion, to hold leaders to account and to feed into decision-making processes. This,.

  18. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg

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  19. Research Paper ISSN: 2006-0165©2009

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    AJTCAM

    Personal hygiene and basic sanitation can cut this toll dramatically. A significant number of illnesses and deaths are reported annually as a result of unsanitary conditions. Diarrhoea-related illnesses alone are estimated to cause two to three million deaths per year; a majority of the mortality occurs in children (Bern et al., ...

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  1. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg

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    Hp 630 Dual Core

    Through this program, faculty from US institutions work in ... Performance on annual examinations influences the residents' ability to ... questions cover clinical management while 20% covers applied science. .... Geriatric surgery & end-of-life care ..... readings, regular quizzes and working through practice multiple choice ...

  2. Research Paper ISSN 0189-6016©2008

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    African J. TradCAM

    It is also used for dry coughs and gastric ulcers (Winston, 2004). Recent research indicates Shatavari enhances immune function, increases corticosteroid production, and promotes cell regeneration (Rege et al., 1999). In Thailand the root is claimed as a galactagogue, antidysenteric, antipeptic, antipruritic, antirheumatic,.

  3. GLOBAL JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES ISSN 1596-2903

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ada Global

    quantity of floor litter and reduced light- reach to the floor inhibited the germination of native woody species. Mixed stands of .... Litter fall. Total annual litterfall was heaviest in Pine stand. (10.000 kg/ha yr) than the other 3 vegetation studied. The annual litterfall from the 4 different stands in .... Litterfall and mineralization in a.

  4. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

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  5. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg. (Online)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

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    18 N0.1. HOW I DO IT: Technique of Hepatectomy for Primary Liver Cell Carcinoma in a. Developing Country. ... confirmed hepatocellular carcinoma confined to the left lobe by surgical resection of the liver, using the .... subjected to chronic stimulation, usually by environmental or biologic toxins that result in hepatocellular ...

  6. Research Paper ISSN: 2006-0165©2008

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    Histological examination of the stomach, liver and kidney showed that profound erosion of the tissues with marked area of karyolysis .... Table 3 shows the level of degeneration and erosion on the animal tissues. The histological section .... Traditional medicine development for medicinal and dental primary health delivery ...

  7. Research Paper ISSN: 2006-0165©2009

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    lyses in this time range (Shapiro and Goldberg, 2001; Mengesha and ... probabilities at chance nodes were allocated from published estimates except ... Markov model, effectiveness was measured as Quality-Adjusted Life Years .... distribution.

  8. Research Paper ISSN: 2006-0165©2009

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    altered PBP2a by latex agglutination test and β-lactamase production/hyper ... Staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec (SCCmec) (Lowy, 2003; ... resistance and the slow growth of the resistant bacteria can make detection difficult. Detection ...

  9. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent Afr J Surg

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Radiological diagnosis of pneumoperitoneum in children with typhoid intestinal ... Data from this study were previously presented at the 27th International Congress of .... Football sign: Radiographically, this appears as a huge oval shadow ...

  10. Editorial: Research as Practice: On Critical Methodologies. Qualitative Research in Psychology Sage Publications Ltd., GB ISSN: 1478-0887 Elektronisk ISSN: 1478-0895 FI quality: 2008: 1

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nissen, Morten

    2007-01-01

    Table of contents: Motzkau and Jefferson: Research as Practice: On Critical Methodologies (editorial) Jefferson and Huniche: (Re) Searching for persons in practice: Field based methods for critical psychological practice research Khawaja and Mørck: Researcher positioning - Muslim ‘otherness......' and beyond Hasse and Trentemøller: The method of culture contrast Nissen: Objectification and Prototype Lee: Researching Children's Diets in England: Critical Methods in a Consumer Society Nolas: Between the ideal and the real: using ethnography as a way of extending our language of change Motzkau......: The Semiotic of Accusation: Thinking about deconstruction, development, the critique of practice and the practice of critique Zavos and Biglia: Embodying Feminist Research: learning from action research, political practices and collective knowledge...

  11. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg. (Online) 69

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

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    prevalence of extremity amputation in Nigeria is 1.6 per 100000.5 Limb amputations are .... Post op depression. 2. 3.1 .... Malaysia. 2001; 56(Supplc): 3 7. 17. Obalum DC, Okeke G.C, lower limb Amputations at a Nigerian private Hospital.

  12. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. s East Cent. Afr. J. s

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    dell

    Measures to reduce the cost of treatment and patient's education about the dangers with unorthodox treatment of fractures and dislocations should help to reduce this behaviour. Introduction. Discharge against medical advice (DAMA) describes a situation in which a patient chooses to leave the hospital before the treating ...

  13. Afrika Statistika ISSN 2316-090X The price of portfolio selection ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The price of portfolio selection under tail conditional expectation with ... TCE provides a more conservative measure of risk than VaR for the same level ...... Substituting the new value function and its derivatives with respect to h into the .... the optimal condition is that the discount rate is proxy of the systematic volatility factor.

  14. Journal Afrika Statistika ISSN 0852-0305 Bias-reduced estimation of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    portance in both theory and practice to the generalized central limit theorem which .... Many other authors discussed the empirical estimation of L-functionals in the ..... we would like to mention that, for the sake of computation time optimization,.

  15. Journal of Agricultural Extension Vol. 17 (1) June, 2013 ISSN 1119 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Onyii Ogbonna

    Fadama III project in Nigeria like other community driven development projects is faced with a ... to verify secondary data obtained from the records of the FCAs. .... of groups responsible for value addition (processing) and marketing was also.

  16. Volume 7, No. 2 ISSN-2077-3420 December 2015 Cross-Border ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Maru Shete

    2015-12-02

    Dec 2, 2015 ... As a result, the issue of contraband is attracting the attention of both the ... contrabandists, local business people, customs and revenue authority ...... relation to the degrading moral values and order in the study area. Moreover ...

  17. Journal of Agricultural Extension Vol. 17 (1) June, 2013 ISSN 1119 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Onyii Ogbonna

    Climate change alters the development of cocoa pods, insect pests and pathogens which translate into lower crop yields and impact farm income. This study ... Cocoa played a significant socio-economic role in Nigeria. It accounts for about 2% of the national export earnings and over 200,000 rural households in 14 Cocoa-.

  18. Afrika Statistika ISSN 2316-090X Comportement de la fonction d ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Dans le cas o`u la variable observée Xt est retardée de h > 0 et alors st = Xt−h, .... Nous exposons `a la Figure 5 le comportement de l'ACF de quelques séries issues ..... nous effectuons des simulations de Monte-Carlo, d'une part, pour exam-.

  19. SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL "BULLETIN SOCIAL-ECONOMIC AND HUMANITARIAN RESEARCH" e-ISSN 2076-4715

    OpenAIRE

    CHIEF EDITOR: Ershov Bogdan Anatolievich, Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor,

    2018-01-01

    Journal "BULLETIN SOCIAL-ECONOMIC AND HUMANITARIAN RESEARCH" publishes articles about the relationship between different state institutions and society. The editorial Board determines the procedure for publication of articles. The articles are reviewed and accepted only after at least two positive reviews of three reviewers. The author retains the copyrights to his articles. Journal is published four times a year, 1 time per quarter (№ 1 - January, February, March, № 2 - April,...

  20. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. 0 East Cent. Afr. J. 0 East Cent ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    dell

    2014-04-01

    Apr 1, 2014 ... Ewing's sarcoma. For diagnostic purposes, conventional radiography usually provides adequate information. The findings of bone destruction associated with sclerotic foci of tumour bone formation, an aggressive (sunburst-type, lamellated, or Codman triangle) periosteal reaction, and a soft tissue mass are ...

  1. Journal Afrika Statistika ISSN 0852-0305 Sur les estimateurs du ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Sur les estimateurs du maximum de vraisemblance dans les mod`eles multiplicatifs de Poisson et binomiale négative. 298. [1], Berk [2], Bickel et Doksum [3], ..... montrons l'implication (A2) ⇒(A1). Soit ˆµ l'EMV du mod`ele, alors toutes ses composantes sont strictement positives, et, d'apr`es le lemme 3, il vérifie l'équation.

  2. Afrika Statistika ISSN 2316-090X On drift estimation for non-ergodic ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Key words: Drift estimation; Discrete observations; Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process; Non- ergodicity. AMS 2010 Mathematics Subject Classification : 60G22; 62M05; 62F12. ∗Corresponding author Khalifa Es-Sebaiy: k.Essebaiy@uca.ma. Djibril Ndiaye : djibykhady@yahoo.fr. 1Supported by ”La commission de l'UEMOA dans le ...

  3. December, 2013 ISSN 1119-944X 167 Rice Production under

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ONIKOYI

    Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa with a population of over 130 ... consumed in South East Asia, which is a major centre of the world population. ... Studies have shown that aggregate rice production in Nigeria has been growing at.

  4. Afrika Statistika ISSN 2316-090X Quadratic loss estimation of a ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    vector X is normally distributed with mean θ and of covariance matrix the identity Ip. In this setting, the random vectors X and U are independent then the situation becomes the same as when just the vector X is available, so here, we do not consider the residual vector. U. So in the first step, we study the quadratic loss ...

  5. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. s 9990 East Cent. Afr. J. s

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Prof Kakande

    After necessary preparation for possible emergency tracheostomy, in case of any air way compromise during transfer or intubation, patient was immediately transferred to operating theatre and intubation was uneventful. Up on exploration, there was gush of air from the subcutaneous space with clotted blood just below the ...

  6. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg. (Online) 60

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    East and Central African Journal of Surgery. August/September 2016 Volume 21 Number 2. 60. Spontaneous pneumothorax in a Neonate with .... scientific &research publication vol.4, issue 3,Mar 2014. 3. G.W. Holcomb, J.P. Murphy Ashcraft s ...

  7. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg. (Online) 99

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    East and Central African Journal of Surgery. August/September 2016 Volume 21 Number 2. 99. Case of Osteosarcoma Presenting Primarily .... РЖЛГР ЗЖ ГЗЖЛГЦФ РЕСО 31 (1): 18 20, Jan Mar 2010. 2. Mana M, Houda A: Low Grade Central ...

  8. Journal of Agricultural Extension Vol. 17 (1) June, 2013 ISSN 1119 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Onyii Ogbonna

    Journal of Agricultural Extension. Vol. ... Nigeria one of the largest importers of fish in the developing world, importing ... stratum formed the third stage. ..... Quarterly. 28 (3 & 4): 8-13. Binyotubo, T.E (2011). A guide to fishing gear technology.

  9. Journal Afrika Statistika ISSN 0852-0305 Bias-corrected estimation ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Many premium calculation principles are introduced in actuarial science literature (e.g.,. Denuit et al. (1985); Furman and Zitikis (2008a) and references therein). The most popular ones are the net premium, the variance and standard deviation based premiums, the value- at-risk, the conditional tail expectation, and the ...

  10. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg. (Online) 47

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    providing counseling, postoperative care and rehabilitation is crucial to the well being of the patient 1, 9, 10, 20.The participation of enterostomal therapists or nurse specialist is essential. However in many centers in Nigeria many of these stoma specialists are either absent or in short supply. Mortality figures following ...

  11. December, 2013 ISSN 1119-944X 39 Challenges and Prospects of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ONIKOYI

    0.62); lack of improved planting materials- seeds/seedlings (M=2.51; .... the second stage, two cells were selected in each of the three blocks to give a total of six ... reveal that most of the farmers are in their middle and productive age and as.

  12. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg. (Online) 113

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    Computer soft ware programme statistical package SPSS version 16 was ... More than a half, 61 (53%), of participants had primary school level of .... Impaired vision .... Bulton A. The diabetic foot: epidemiology, risk factors and the status of care. ... African journal of primary health care and family medicine 2010; 2(1): 1 3. 8.

  13. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg. (Online) 76

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    1Department of Surgery, Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex, Ile Ife,. Nigeria ... Historically, there is a general agreement that the written history of medicine began in Egypt,. 3000 BC in the ... matter written in the notes affect patient care, are important in record keeping, are valuable in research ...

  14. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. 0 East Cent. Afr. J. 0 East Cent ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    dell

    2014-04-01

    Apr 1, 2014 ... Sfoungaristos S, Polimeros N, Kavouras A, Perimenis P: Stenting or not prior to extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy for ureteral stones? Results of a prospective randomized study. IntUrolNephrol. 2012; 44(3):731-7. 32. Shock Wave Lithotripsy Task Force (2009). "Current Perspective on Adverse Effects in ...

  15. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. 0 East Cent. Afr. J. 0 East Cent ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    dell

    2014-04-01

    Apr 1, 2014 ... Ankle arthrodesis was done for ankle arthritis in most cases. ... rheumatoid arthritis who had their ankle joints fused by inserting two ... He contributed to .... A review of ankle arthrodesis: predisposing factors to nonunion.

  16. Afrika Statistika ISSN 2316-090X Jump Resonance in Wind-Felled ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    jump function. Duffing's model, describing function and Chebyshev polynomials were used .... this study to develop polynomial growth equation for plantains and plantain jump resonance ..... New technologies to increase root health and crop.

  17. S/No 13, January, 2015:121-139 ISSN: 2225-8590 (Print)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DR Nneka

    2015-01-13

    Jan 13, 2015 ... is an issue that is widely discussed in the management literature; but with conflicting interests ..... HIV/AIDS education and treatment, establishment of recreational and tourists centres ... Ecuador Colombia and Venezuela are.

  18. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. 0 East Cent. Afr. J. 0 East Cent ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    dell

    2014-04-01

    Apr 1, 2014 ... Conclusion: A multidisciplinary approach for preoperative, ... Placenta percreta is a rare, life threatening complication of pregnancy with pathologic invasion of the ... to9.5% and 24% respectively if the condition is complicated by bladder ... curettage for incomplete abortion 1 year after last child birth.

  19. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg. (Online) 111

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    v21i2.19. Case Report. A 23 years old male with past history of right facial burns with resultant cosmetically disfiguring scars has undergone insertion of tissue expander for expansion of healthy neck skin. The expander was being filled on weekly ...

  20. Trees [Nuclear Physics. B, ISSN 0550-3213, Nov 2016, v. 912, p. 151-171

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Epstein, Henri

    2016-01-01

    An algebraic formalism, developed with V. Glaser and R. Stora for the study of the generalized retarded functions of quantum field theory, is used to prove a factorization theorem which provides a complete description of the generalized retarded functions associated with any tree graph. Integrating over the variables associated to internal vertices to obtain the perturbative generalized retarded functions for interacting fields arising from such graphs is shown to be possible for a large category of space–times.

  1. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg. (Online) 11

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    Cigarette smoking, poor sanitation, and lack of formal education are known ... Taye M, Kassa E, Mengesha B, Gemechu T, Tsega E. Upper gastrointestinal ... Knowledge and Factors Influencing on Gastritis among Distant Mode Learners of.

  2. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. 0 East Cent. Afr. J. 0 East Cent ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    dell

    2014-04-01

    Apr 1, 2014 ... There was no readmission over three months of follow up. Conclusion: Laparoscopic appendicectomy is safe and allows early discharge. The low incidence of cholecystectomy in Nigeria compared with the high incidence of appendicitis in Nigeria supports the adoption of surgery for a different disease ...

  3. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. s 9990 East Cent. Afr. J. s

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Prof Kakande

    SSIs result in increased mortality, readmission rate, length of hospital stay and cost for patients and families, and hospitals in terms of bed occupancy. Studies have shown that wound infection was significantly increasing with level of wound class, emergency interventions, NINSS risk score, pre-operative hospital stay, and ...

  4. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg. (Online) 40 1Department of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    middle income countries because of falling death rate and high birth rate.(3) The ... about 4% of the population while globally elderly people constitute about 8% of the ... Critically ill elderly patients have increased risk of morbidity and mortality ...

  5. Volume 7, No. 2 ISSN-2077-3420 December 2015 Cross-Border ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Maru Shete

    2015-12-02

    Dec 2, 2015 ... contraband trade across the main route from Moyale (border town .... revenue and customs sector, and planned to increase the share of tax ... and social causes of cross border contraband trade have been ... youths are turning towards CBCT as a means of sedentary life and ..... However, this vicious circle.

  6. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. 0 East Cent. Afr. J. 0 East Cent ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    dell

    2014-04-01

    Apr 1, 2014 ... In as much as the precipitating factors can be recognized as highlighted above, there ... the IOP, ibuprofen eye drops to control ocular inflammation, and analgesics tablets. .... Stan C. Bilateral malignant glaucoma--case report.

  7. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. s East Cent. Afr. J. s

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    dell

    Results of Operative Fixation of Fractures of the Ankle at a Tertiary Hospital in a Developing. Country. ... Complications included wound infection 14.3%, wound dehiscence with exposed implants 2.9%, malunion 8.6% and non union 5.7%.

  8. 55 ISSN 1119-7455 EFFECT OF SELECTION ON AMYLOSE AND ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    sys01

    2011-09-03

    Sep 3, 2011 ... dextrin, syrup and alcohol(Anon, 2011; Smith,. 1974). There is potential industrial outlet for a new type of maize with starch of high amylose .... days from the date of planting were regarded as early maturing, while those that silked at 60 days and above were regarded as late maturing. (Fajemisin, 1985).

  9. Afrika Statistika ISSN 2316-090X Spatio-temporal Predictions using ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Selected Papers presented at the East African Conference of Statistical ... Copyright c 2018, Afrika Statistika and The Statistics and Probability African Society (SPAS). All rights ... MSSA analysis leads to improved quality of statistical inference.

  10. Journal Afrika Statistika ISSN 0852-0305 A simple note on some ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    the process reveals itself as an important key for L-Statistics laws. In this paper ... From now, we suppose that all the random variables used here are defined on the same probability space (Ω, A, P). We are now ..... Plann. Inference 19, 43-53.

  11. Afrika Statistika ISSN 2316-090X Network estimation in State Space ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    continuous, stochastic differential equation model (Chen et al., 2005; ... a large number of model parameters and are not well suited to deal with noisy data ... and selection in regression analysis that incorporates an L1 regularization constraint.

  12. Journal of Agricultural Extension Vol. 17 (1) June, 2013 ISSN 1119 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Onyii Ogbonna

    and application of scientific agricultural information for purposeful development of the system (Adebayo ... Internet or mobile phones -- is increasingly bringing market information, financial services, and ..... An M.Sc. Dissertation submitted to the ...

  13. December, 2013 ISSN 1119-944X 149 Perception of Agricultural ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ONIKOYI

    Postgraduate Students of Agriculture in Selected Universities in. South-West ... The study investigated perception of agricultural extension as a career among ... Human being must earn a living in order to meet the basic needs for foods, shelter ... comprehensive programme of services deliberately put in place for expanding,.

  14. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. s East Cent. Afr. J. s

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    dell

    Pattern of Neonatal Surgery at a Teaching Hospital in Nigeria: A Review of 101 Cases. ... Methods: The study was a retrospective study of neonates who underwent ... Surgery in neonates is commonly an open procedure mainly due to the small ... However increasing success is being recorded in the field of laparoscopic ...

  15. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. s East Cent. Afr. J. s

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    dell

    Its other synonyms are pigmented villonodular tenosynovitis, fibrous histiocytoma of the synovium, tenosynovial giant cell tumour, localized nodular synovitis, benign synovioma and fibrous xanthoma of the synovium. The recurrence rates have been shown to be as high as 45% in some series 11,12. In our series all tumours ...

  16. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg. (Online) 27

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    among patients operated for achalasia. Esophagomyotomy (Modified Hellerss) was found to be safe & effective procedure with rewarding outcome to patients in alleviating symptoms of achalasia in majority of the patients. References. 1. In Sleisenger & fordtran s Gastrointestinal and liver disease. Motor disorders of the.

  17. Afrika Statistika ISSN 2316-090X Nonparametric estimation of the ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... the data under study. This field of modern statistics has received much attention in the last 20 years, and it has been popularised in the book of Ramsay and Sil- verman (2005). .... process, generated by a continuous white noise verifies it). The reader can see Doukhan. (1994) for a more complete discussion of the strong ...

  18. Volume 7, No. 2 ISSN-2077-3420 December 2015 Determinants of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Maru Shete

    2015-12-02

    Dec 2, 2015 ... Determinants of the Financial Performance of a Private Commercial. Bank in Ethiopia .... accounting based measures for banks' profitability analysis. ..... Habtamu (2012) argued that the principal profit- making activity of.

  19. Journal Afrika Statistika ISSN 0852-0305 Short term forecasting of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    tion of this research is to propose some procedures to estimate the following ... by Eurostat about six weeks after the end of the reference quarter. .... alized principal components of current values of the variables in the dataset. These factors are designed to remove short-run and variable-specific sources of fluctuation.

  20. Afrika Statistika ISSN 2316-090X Asymptotic distribution of the ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    in actuarial and econometric contexts (see e.g. Brazauskas et al. 2007, 2009, and ... Journal home page: www.jafristat.net ..... its estimation, and an analysis of incomes in Italy. Journal of ... Robust estimation of the quintile share ratio with bias.

  1. Afrika Statistika ISSN 2316-090X Uniform in Bandwidth Law of the ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    simple mathematical correction to remove the boundary bias. More recently .... 2) The uniformity in h allows us to apply various bandwidth selection rules such as plug-in, ...... Journal of Statistical Planning and Inference, 46 (2), 195-214.

  2. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. 0 East Cent. Afr. J. 0 East Cent ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    dell

    2014-04-01

    Apr 1, 2014 ... injury at Black Lion Hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. ... to many diverse causes and social activities, such as transport, work, violence, recreation, sports and the home situation 1. It is the leading cause of death and illness among children ... The total economic costs amount to as much as 65 billion US.

  3. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg. (Online) 89

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    (Online). Publication COSECSA/ASEA -East and Central African Journal of Surgery. ... Vein Thrombosis – a Management ilemma – a Case Report. S G Mungazi, D .... A 67 year old hypertensive female patient initially presented to the Physicians with a history of .... survival in the absence of an IVC catheter. Whilst no major ...

  4. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg. (Online) 108

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    Enchondroma more classically involves the hands and feet. 7. 7. Chondroblastoma usually epiphyseal lesions with cal cified matrix in approximately. 50 per cent of tumours. 8. Hence the final, definitive diagnosis is made by clinical, radio logical and pathological evaluation of tumour characteristics. Histologically the tumour ...

  5. issn 1727-3781 human rights that influence the mentally ill patient in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    NWUuser

    People suffering from mental illness are among the most disadvantaged groups in ... privacy and anti-discrimination law to protect people with disabilities. .... the imaginations of the young and explain that understanding the brain is the last ... because there has been so much bad teaching and inadequate treatment over the.

  6. the enforcement of socio-economic rights issn 1727-3781

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Dr Tanya du Plessis

    frequently the constitutional values and aspirations of human dignity and ..... 26 Fose v Minister of Safety and Security 1997(3) SA 786 (CC) 834 at par 94. ... somewhat vague in the sense that the orders do not explicitly provide for what it is .... a disability grant in the amount of R 29,400.00 plus interests thereon and costs.

  7. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. 0 East Cent. Afr. J. 0 East Cent ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    dell

    2014-04-01

    Apr 1, 2014 ... of injury for the late presenters was determined intra-operatively during intervention. The common bile duct (CBD) was the most commonly (56.3%) injured site followed by slipped cystic duct in 12.5% of the cases. Table 1. Sex, Type of Surgery Performed and Performer in All Patients and Type of Surgery in.

  8. issn 1727-3781 analysing the onus issue in dismissals emanating

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Admin

    Section 187 (1)(c), it is automatically unfair to dismiss an employee in order to compel the employee to accept a ..... of section 187(1)(c), [in order to discharge the onus in terms of section 192(1)]. In this regard it must be .... the matter for advisory arbitration reflected the employer's intention to avoid the bargaining process to ...

  9. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. s East Cent. Afr. J. s

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    dell

    Ababa University revealed that work-related accidents among surgical trainees were enormous, and there was huge ... department of surgery had revealed that work-related accidents, (needle sticks, blood splash to the face, ..... Jagger J, Bentley M, Tereskerz P. A study of patterns and prevention of blood exposures in OR.

  10. issn 1727-3781 human rights that influence the mentally ill patient in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    NWUuser

    MEDICAL LAW: A DISCUSSION OF SECTIONS 9; 27; 30 AND 31 OF THE .... Reconciliation Commission that are of relevance to psychiatry. ..... liberty because of a mental disorder, the state owes a duty to provide him or her with reasonable ...

  11. Afrika Statistika ISSN 2316-090X On Generalized Type 1 Logistic ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Abstract. Some distributional properties of the generalized type 1 logistic distribution are given. Based on these distributional property a characterization of this distribution is presented. Résumé. Quelques propriétés relatives `a la loi de distribution de variables aléatoires suivant la loi logistique généralisée de Type 1 sont ...

  12. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg. (Online) 33

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    Poor nutritional status, low intake of fruits and vegetables, and drinking ... wheat porridge is very common as a traditional staple diet. Majority had mid ... to the center with sever progressive dysphagia and cachexia of more than six months after.

  13. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. 0 East Cent. Afr. J. 0 East Cent ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    dell

    2014-04-01

    Apr 1, 2014 ... averaged 23.6 weeks and average time to fracture union was 17.8±1.0 ... may be complicated by knee stiffness, malunion and nonunion. .... These included 2 polytrauma (one patient with fractures of the left femur, right ankle, ...

  14. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. 0 East Cent. Afr. J. 0 East Cent ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    dell

    2014-04-01

    Apr 1, 2014 ... Disk or button batteries are small, coin shaped batteries used in hearing aids, watches, and calculators. The danger of batteries is that they contain mercury, silver, zinc, manganese, cadmium, lithium, sulfur oxide, copper & sodium or potassium hydroxide. If the battery is lodged in the gastrointestinal tract it.

  15. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg. (Online) 103

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    Despite this, primary malignant tumours of the parotid gland are still rare and there are several histological subtypes that can be seen in this gland[2]. ... Histological types described include ... He was however not a known diabetic and had no ... no family history of cancer and had never smoked tobacco or taken alcohol.

  16. 31 issn 1119-7455 determinants of adoption level of risk ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hence, the study recommends that young women should be encouraged to invest ... farmers' income and general wellbeing. ... there is a direct relationship between risk and farm returns. The more risky the better the venture. ..... Staff paper.

  17. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. s East Cent. Afr. J. s

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    dell

    results focused on; training capacity and methods, scope of practice, ..... In the third and last stage, (the autonomous stage), practice gradually results in ... biomedical technicians in the use and maintenance of this equipment. ... Partnerships have been formed to improve training e.g. skills transfer workshops with teams from.

  18. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. 0 East Cent. Afr. J. 0 East Cent ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    dell

    2014-04-01

    Apr 1, 2014 ... literature exhibit the rare existence of this lesion in the nasal bone, orbit, ethmoid sinus, sphenoid ... diagnosis of ossifying fibroma (OF) was made. ... Radiographic examination revealed a giant expansile lesion involving the.

  19. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. 0 East Cent. Afr. J. 0 East Cent ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    dell

    2014-04-01

    Apr 1, 2014 ... When ready to insert the wound drain following intracranial procedures, the blue tip of the drainage tube of ... squared (Fisher's exact) test, and the former with the student-t test. A p-value < 0.05 was .... 72(6):993-5. 6. Morris A. A controlled trial of closed wound suction drainage in radical mastectomy. British.

  20. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. 0 East Cent. Afr. J. 0 East Cent ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    dell

    2014-04-01

    Apr 1, 2014 ... One step resection with primary anastomosis is in favour of many surgeons8,9. However Hartmann colostomy should keep its place in very weak patients with gangrenous bowel whose it saved life by quickly allowing removal of septic focus and good peritoneal toilet3 particularly in Chiney stages III and IV ...

  1. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg. (Online) 55

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    (n 18) in patients with gangrenous bowel, manual reduction (n 12) and resection and primary anastomosis (n 3) in patients with viable bowel, and resection and anastomosis (n 7) in all patients with bowel perforation. The site of intussusception was ileo ileal in 2 (4.4%) cases, ileo ceacal in 7 (15.6%) cases, ileo colonic in 23 ...

  2. Afrika Statistika ISSN 2316-090X R–transform associated with ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Linnaeus University, Department of Economics and Statistics, 351 95 Växjö, ... Papers presented at the East African Conference of Statistical Mathematics ... Jacobi ensembles are commonly used in statistics, particularly they find application ...

  3. the enforcement of socio-economic rights issn 1727-3781

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Dr Tanya du Plessis

    situations where other legislation does not provide a remedy for those unable to .... and democracy thus justifying intervention by the judiciary. Plasket J ...... of a delictual claim, provided of course that either negligence or mala fides on.

  4. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. s 9990 East Cent. Afr. J. s

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Prof Kakande

    Otolaryngologists and general duty physicians are sometimes confronted with. It occurs worldwide; although it tends to be more common in the developing countries due to its association with chronic inflammatory diseases of ear which are more prevalent in these places1. Polyps usually arise from hyperemic inflamed.

  5. Afrika Statistika ISSN 2316-090X Jump Resonance in Wind-Felled ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Duffing's model, describing function and Chebyshev polynomials were used to obtain the .... (1988) showed that every real measure is uniquely decomposed into an atomic measure and a diffuse ... Experimental evidence has shown that jump ...

  6. issn 1727-3781 the interpretation of the amended raf act 56 of 1996 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    user

    except for secondary emotional shock suffered due to the motor-vehicle accident. 4 ... the Amendment Act these claims are no longer limited or excluded and thus the potential ..... issue to a mystical Appeal Tribunal in his view would amount to an “unnecessary or .... The RAF should provide relevant, rational and substantial.

  7. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg. (Online) 17

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    by fistuloclysis or into a jejunostomy tube.3 Managing teams must be innovative in their attempts to provide adequate balance of carbohydrates, protein and fats, vitamins and trace elements to these patients. Success depends on patientss motivation, managing teamss aggression, multidisciplinary team approach and timely ...

  8. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. s 9990 East Cent. Afr. J. s

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Prof Kakande

    COSECSA/ASEA Publication -East and Central African Journal of Surgery. .... Only the manner of skin closure varied. ... Table 1. Wound Closure Time. Mean wound closure time in group A was 244+8.20 seconds whereas mean wound ... They have been used on skin, bone, cartilage graft, and middle ear surgery, repair of.

  9. Journal Afrika Statistika ISSN 0852-0305 Extreme value theory for ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Borel σ-algebra generated by open sets. For x ∈ E and A ∈ E, .... The ground level ozone process has piecewise linear structure. It switches ...... Extreme value theory for a class of nonstationary time series with applications. Ann. Appl. Prob.

  10. Afrika Statistika ISSN 2316-090X Further properties of linear ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    properties of linear prediction sufficiency and the BLUPs in the linear model with new observations. ...... a wide range of applications, for example, plant variety trials, animal breeding, selection ..... Linear Algebra Appl., 430, 2622–2641. DOI.

  11. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. s East Cent. Afr. J. s

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    dell

    The Prevalence of HIV Infection among Pregnant Women at Kabutare District Hospital -. Rwanda. R. Kabera 1,L. ... with the risks of worsening the current mother immunodepressed state due to pregnancy and to the infection. During .... in HIV-1 and HIV-2 prevalence and risk factors in pregnant women in Harare, Zimbabwe.

  12. Afrika Statistika ISSN 2316-090X Asymptotic normality of non ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    We solved an open problem arising in mentioned paper. The asymptotic normality of the estimator is established. As an ... population with continuous density (pdf) f(x) at a point x on a given probability space. (Ω, A, P). The FGT .... In (1) h = h(n) is a positive nonrandom sequences of real numbers tending to zero as n tends to ...

  13. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg. (Online) 81

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    Hospital Acquired Pneumonia Sepsis. 1. 0.5 ... Glasgow Coma Scale to determine the severity of the patient s brain injury. ... productive groups of the society, ... Kassis, N. Rekik and M. Bouaziz, Prognosis of traumatic head injury in South.

  14. Volume 7, No. 2 ISSN-2077-3420 December 2015 Causes of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Maru Shete

    2015-12-02

    Dec 2, 2015 ... project delays, poor customer handling, and unsatisfactory overall performance. The rural ... The inability to complete projects on time and within budget continues to be a chronic problem ... In the process of determining the effect of a delay on the project, the analyst .... characteristics or relationships.

  15. Afrika Statistika ISSN 2316-090X Comparison of the maximum ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    †Badji-Mokhtar University Department of Mathematics B.P.12, Annaba 23000. Algeria. ‡Laboratory of ... Using the maximum likelihood method and the Bayesian approach, we estimate the parameters and ...... Japan Statist. Soc. 14. 145-155.

  16. Afrika Statistika ISSN 2316-090X A Bayesian significance test of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    of the generalized likelihood ratio test to detect a change in binomial ... computational simplicity to the problem of calculating posterior marginals. ... the impact of a single outlier on the performance of the Bayesian significance test of change.

  17. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. 0 East Cent. Afr. J. 0 East Cent ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    dell

    2014-04-01

    Apr 1, 2014 ... Background: Developing nations in Africa may be experiencing changing demographics for abdominal surgical emergencies. In the past, intestinal obstruction has been the major diagnosis, but this may be changing.123 This study analyzed the causes and outcomes for abdominal surgical emergencies ...

  18. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. s East Cent. Afr. J. s

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    dell

    to what extent number of produced medical doctors (MDs) has turned positively the number of surgeons for the past one decade in Tanzania. Methods: Retrospective analysis of reports from five health Universities in Tanzania with a focus on graduated Medical Doctors and those trained to become surgeons for the period ...

  19. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. s East Cent. Afr. J. s

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    dell

    Background: The historical management of urethral strictures constituted regular ... accounting for 73 (65.8%) of all patients followed by primary urethroplasty at 31 ... dilatation before resorting to Urethroplasty but primary Urethroplasty is cost ...

  20. Journal Afrika Statistika ISSN 0852-0305 Some aspects of stability in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A Monte Carlo comparison of the least square estimator and the Hurwicz estimator is .... complicated to admit theoretical investigations though numerical .... and for γ = 1 the heavy tailed Cauchy distribution with probability density function.

  1. Afrika Statistika ISSN 2316-090X Bayesian Inference of C-AR(1 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2017-11-29

    Nov 29, 2017 ... been carried out to validate the theoretical results, and then the ... In their study, they used the Gibbs sampling and Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) .... The posterior probability gives the information about the parameter(s).

  2. Journal Afrika Statistika ISSN 0852-0305 On the stability of the unit ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    the null hypothesis, the point ρ = 1 is given the discrete prior probability ϑ ..... treatments, we can have recourse to numeric techniques or to monte carlo methods. .... Asymptotic theory of LAD estimation in a unit root with finite variance errors.

  3. Journal Afrika Statistika ISSN 0852-0305 Testing the equality of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In Section 2, we present the main results and Monte Carlo simulations. ... and the convergence in probability by. P. −→ . .... Carlo methods to study power of our test. ..... comparison of several regression functions: Exact and asymptotic theory.

  4. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. s East Cent. Afr. J. s

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    dell

    2Department of Surgery, Makerere University College of Health Sciences, ... April 2012 with patients confirmed with breast cancer as cases and controls ... incidence and mortality rates vary internationally by more than 5-fold ... Factors that protect against breast cancer in the general population include a late age of onset of.

  5. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. 0 East Cent. Afr. J. 0 East Cent ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    dell

    2014-04-01

    Apr 1, 2014 ... difference at different times of the day or in different phases of the ... and standard deviation were calculated, including comparisons for sex and age. .... AchavaL M, Forsythe I, Barry PW, brain and respiratory cilia: effect of.

  6. Volume 7, No. 2 ISSN-2077-3420 December 2015 Causes of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Maru Shete

    2015-12-02

    Dec 2, 2015 ... The debate in the construction industry on how to minimize or .... contractor, ineffective quality control by the contractor, use of unacceptable .... sample representatives of the total population to assess their view as to why.

  7. Journal of Agricultural Extension Vol. 17 (1) June, 2013 ISSN 1119 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Onyii Ogbonna

    Capacity Building Needs of Farmers for Safe Agro-chemical Use/Application in. Niger State, Nigeria ... mishandling of agrochemicals from their purchases, storage, application and disposal of ... agricultural work place (ILO, 2004). Training ...

  8. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg. (Online) 65

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    unexpectedly onto all players that consist of the people, environment and all necessary resources for ... them natural, technologic or terroristic. Specialized ... Methods of understanding victim needs, prioritizing of transportation and level of care of victims. 3. Methods of avoiding confusion states during disaster interventions.

  9. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. s East Cent. Afr. J. s

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    dell

    one (96.1) percent of the patients were males, with a male to female ratio of 24:1. ... The study of the epidemiology of head trauma, and traumatic brain injury has .... Johannesburg city revealed the highest race specific differences in TBI ratios.

  10. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. 0 East Cent. Afr. J. 0 East Cent ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    dell

    2014-04-01

    Apr 1, 2014 ... Correspondence to: Nyambaka O. Kevin, Email: nyambakaok@yahoo.co.uk. Background: Epistaxis is one of the commonest emergencies in Accident & Emergency and Ear, Nose & Throat departments. A vast majority of these patients settle with simple standard first aid measures. The aim of this study was ...

  11. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. s East Cent. Afr. J. s

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    dell

    Background: Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy causes adverse effects both the maternal and ... pregnancy induced hypertension with Umbilical Artery Resistive Index ≤ median (0.64), a fetal birth score 1.0 indicates preferential flow to vital structures like brain, heart and adrenal glands and is therefore.

  12. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. s East Cent. Afr. J. s

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    dell

    snake bite initiative to improve clinical outcome following snake bites3. ... agricultural workers and a return to work will likely provide significant psychological stress. ... allows the venom to induce several systemic responses in potential prey. ... Cardiogenic shock is seen in severe bites secondary to cardiac specific myotoxic ...

  13. Afrika Statistika ISSN 2316-090X A note on a new exponential ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Let {Xn,n ≥ 1} be a sequence of random variables defined on a fixed probability space. (Ω, F, P). An exponential inequality ... Now as to the probability inequality field, as pointed out by Sung et al. (2011), exponential inequalities for ..... associated random variables. Journal of Statistical Planning and inference, 138, 4132-.

  14. Afrika Statistika ISSN 2316-090X Multivariate Analysis of Rwanda ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Consumer Price Index (CPI), Exchange Rate and Nominal Growth. Domestic ... Economic Indicators using Vector Autoregressive (VAR) Model. 1540 ... useful for describing the dynamic behavior of economic and financial time series and for.

  15. Journal of Agricultural Extension Vol. 17 (1) June, 2013 ISSN 1119 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Onyii Ogbonna

    potential of rural women as agents of change for climate mitigation and ... women play a leadership role in early warning systems and reconstruction. Women ... According to the Food and Agricultural Organization(FAO) (2007), women and men ..... about Climate Change Risk Perceptions and Willingness to Sacrifice, Risk.

  16. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg. (Online) 95

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    more informative imaging evaluation was necessary to determine internal genital anatomy. While not be the first modality of choice in pelvic imaging, MRI is instrumental tool due to its superior soft tissue contrast in providing detailed internal pelvic anatomy. It lacks sonographic limitations of body habitus, depth of ultrasound ...

  17. Vol. 4(1), S/No 13, January, 2015:1-17 ISSN: 2225-8590 (Print ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DR Nneka

    2015-01-13

    Jan 13, 2015 ... headed by the oldest man (odionwere pl. edionwere) who was assisted by a village ... the emergence of Ogiso Ere, iron smith had existed in Benin. ..... brass mask given his predecessor by the Oba Esigie of Benin symbolized ...

  18. Super-geometrodynamics [Journal of High Energy Physics (Online), ISSN 1029-8479, 5 Mar 2015, v. 2015(03)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cvetič, M.; Gibbons, G.W.; Pope, C.N.

    2015-01-01

    We present explicit solutions of the time-symmetric initial value constraints, expressed in terms of freely specifiable harmonic functions for examples of supergravity theories, which emerge as effective theories of compactified string theory. These results are a prerequisite for the study of the time-evolution of topologically non-trivial initial data for supergravity theories, thus generalising the “Geometrodynamics” program of Einstein-Maxwell theory to that of supergravity theories. Specifically, we focus on examples of multiple electric Maxwell and scalar fields, and analyse the initial data problem for the general Einstein-Maxwell-Dilaton theory both with one and two Maxwell fields, and the STU model. The solutions are given in terms of up to eight arbitrary harmonic functions in the STU model. As a by-product, in order compare our results with known static solutions, the metric in isotropic coordinates and all the sources of the non-extremal black holes are expressed entirely in terms of harmonic functions. We also comment on generalizations to time-nonsymmetric initial data and their relation to cosmological solutions of gauged so-called fake supergravities with positive cosmological constant.

  19. Vol. 4(1), S/No 13, January, 2015:148-167 ISSN: 2225-8590 (Print ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DR Nneka

    2015-01-13

    Jan 13, 2015 ... The basic assumption in Public interest discourse is that regulation is .... households on a self-targeting basis by relevant service authorities in their .... Pricing policy (EPP) documents into perspective, it is necessary to summarize the ... the attraction and retention of a competent work force (EPP 2008: 8).

  20. Vol. 4(1), S/No 13, January, 2015:191-206 ISSN: 2225-8590 (Print ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DR Nneka

    2015-01-13

    Jan 13, 2015 ... government to generate funds through taxation, mineral resources exploitation and interdependence .... translate into 24 Generally Accepted Principles and Practices: Principle 1: .... Malaysia Khazanah Nasional. 40.5. 1993.