WorldWideScience

Sample records for surgical reform curriculum

  1. Medical Education and Curriculum Reform: Putting Reform Proposals in Context

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Kam Yin Chan, MD, MB.BS, MHA

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to elaborate criteria by which the principles of curriculum reform can be judged. To this end, the paper presents an overview of standard critiques of medical education and examines the ways medical curriculum reforms have responded to these critiques. The paper then sets out our assessment of these curriculum reforms along three parameters: pedagogy, educational context, and knowledge status. Following on from this evaluation of recent curriculum reforms, the paper puts forward four criteria with which to gauge the adequacy medical curriculum reform. These criteria enable us to question the extent to which new curricula incorporate methods and approaches for ensuring that its substance: overcomes the traditional opposition between clinical and resource dimensions of care; emphasizes that the clinical work needs to be systematized in so far as that it feasible; promotes multi-disciplinary team work, and balances clinical autonomy with accountability to non-clinical stakeholders.

  2. Curriculum reform in China: Challenges and reflections

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhong Qi-quan

    2006-01-01

    With the implementation of the New Curriculum,conflicts between new and old ideas axe bound to arise.Voices supporting and protesting the reform will accompany the whole process.We have to expound our idea that quality education is an established policy that cannot be reverted,that curriculum reform must be carried out,and that any attempt to return to old curriculums may end in failure.The present paper explores the challenges to the basic curriculum reform and the relevant strategies through the analysis of educational phenomena of mainland China in recent years.

  3. Ein Modell zur nachhaltigen Qualitätssteigerung der medizinischen Ausbildung am Beispiel des chirurgischen Reformcurriculums HeiCuMed [A Model for Persistent Improvement of Medical Education as Illustrated by the Surgical Reform Curriculum HeiCuMed

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kadmon, Guni

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available [english] Background: Heidelberg Medical School underwent a major curricular change with the implementation of the reform curriculum HeiCuMed (Heidelberg Curriculum Medicinale in October 2001. It is based on rotational modules with daily cycles of interactive, case-based small-group seminars, PBL tutorials and training of sensomotor and communication skills. For surgical undergraduate training an organisational structure was developed that ensures continuity of medical teachers for student groups and enables their unimpaired engagement for defined periods of time while accounting for the daily clinical routine in a large surgery department of a university hospital. It includes obligatory didactic training, standardising teaching material on the basis of learning objectives and releasing teaching doctors from clinical duties for the duration of a module. Objective: To compare the effectiveness of the undergraduate surgical reform curriculum with that of the preceding traditional one as reflected by students' evaluations. Method: The present work analyses student evaluations of the undergraduate surgical training between 1999 and 2008 including three cohorts (~360 students each in the traditional curriculum and 13 cohorts (~150 students each in the reform curriculum. Results: The evaluation of the courses, their organisation, the teaching quality, and the subjective learning was significantly better in HeiCuMed than in the preceding traditional curriculum over the whole study period. Conclusion: A medical curriculum based on the implementation of interactive didactical methods is more important to successful teaching and the subjective gain of knowledge than knowledge transfer by traditional classroom teaching. The organisational strategy adopted in the surgical training of HeiCuMed has been successful in enabling the maintenance of a complex modern curriculum on a continuously high level within the framework of a busy surgical environment

  4. Curriculum reform and the market

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Karen Bjerg

    2012-01-01

    A neo-liberal discourse in the 2000s has been prevalent not only in international and Danish educational policy contexts, but also within a specific area, namely the education of adult immigrants in Denmark. With the adoption of a new law in 2003 high-stakes testing, standards, new market economy...... and demands for employment related skills and competencies in efficient Danish courses for adult foreigners have been introduced. Thus, a tremendous discursive transformation in the understanding of education in comparison with previous legislation has taken place within this specific area of adult teaching...... in Denmark. Based on studies of curriculum reform and research about headmasters’ and teachers’ attitudes the article addresses paradoxes rising in the wake of the neo-liberal education policy. Despite the intention of high-stakes testing to increase adult migrants’ language and employment related...

  5. Curriculum reform and the market

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Karen Bjerg

    2011-01-01

    A neo-liberal discourse in the 2000s has been prevalent not only in international and Danish educational policy contexts, but also within a specific area, namely the education of adult immigrants in Denmark. With the adoption of a new law in 2003 high-stakes testing, standards, new market economy...... and demands for employment related skills and competencies in efficient Danish courses for adult foreigners have been introduced. Thus, a tremendous discursive transformation in the understanding of education in comparison with previous legislation has taken place within this specific area of adult teaching...... in Denmark. Based on studies of curriculum reform and research about headmasters’ and teachers’ attitudes the article addresses paradoxes rising in the wake of the neo-liberal education policy. Despite the intention of high-stakes testing to increase adult migrants’ language and employment related...

  6. Curriculum Reform: The Crisis in Teacher Education.

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    Guyton, Edith

    1984-01-01

    Education currently faces a crisis in curriculum reform which presents a danger to pedagogical programs. Changes in teacher education programs should be based on research and should be accomplished by a reflective and rational process. Methods of reform are explored. (DF)

  7. Curriculum Reform: The Crisis in Teacher Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guyton, Edith

    1984-01-01

    Education currently faces a crisis in curriculum reform which presents a danger to pedagogical programs. Changes in teacher education programs should be based on research and should be accomplished by a reflective and rational process. Methods of reform are explored. (DF)

  8. Nachhaltigkeit einer verbesserten studentischen Evaluation im operativen Fachgebiet des Reformstudiengangs HeiCuMed [Sustainability of an improved student evaluation of the undergraduate surgical training in the reform curriculum HeiCuMed

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kadmon, Martina

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available [english] Aims: HeiCuMed (Heidelberger Curriculum Medicinale represents a reform curriculum which had the aim to resolve known problems of the traditional curriculum. The new clinical curriculum was implemented in October 2001. The comparative student evaluation of the undergraduate surgical training before and after the implementation of HeiCuMed shows a significantly higher rating of the surgical training in the reform curriculum. The present study aims at complementing the evaluation data collected during the surgical training by interviewing students from the traditional program and students from HeiCuMed in their final year of undergraduate training. Results: The interview data show that the introduction of new didactic strategies, the aligned contents in the different surgical fields, which were also matched with contents from internal medicine, as well as the case-based interactive teaching were responsible for the improved evaluation of students in HeiCuMed. The tutor continuity which is achieved by releasing the responsible tutor from clinical and operative duties for a period of 1-2 weeks, seems an important factor for the success. HeiCuMed students experienced the relation of the training to their future profession significantly stronger than students from the traditional curriculum and thus felt a stronger subjective learning success. Conclusion: In summary, the surgical training in HeiCuMed is highly effective from the point of view of the students, both in their realtime as well as in their retrospective judgement. [german] Zielsetzung: HeiCuMed (Heidelberger Curriculum Medicinale steht für ein Reformcurriculum, das sich zum Ziel gesetzt hat, Lösungsansätze für apparente Probleme des traditionellen Curriculums in die Curriculumsplanung zu integrieren. Im Oktober 2001 wurde das neue klinische Curriculum implementiert. Eine wesentliche Qualitätssicherungsmaßnahme im Block Operative Medizin war die Weiterführung der zuvor

  9. Curriculum or syllabus: which are we reforming?

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    Burton, Julian L.; McDonald, Seonaidh

    2001-03-01

    Although the concept of 'curriculum' is complex, a common understanding of the term by those involved in medical education is essential, given the current climate of medical curriculum development and reform. It has not previously been established that such a common frame of reference exists. We polled a sample of medical educators with a range of teaching experience and responsibility in an attempt to discover what they understood by 'curriculum' (and whether or not the concept could be articulated). A sample of medical students was similarly polled. In total, 85% of staff and 34.9% of the students responded. The responses obtained were subjected to a content analysis. The answers received were polythematic in 87.5% of cases, dominant themes including 'curriculum as a syllabus', 'curriculum as a meta-syllabus', and 'curriculum as a means to an end'. Our data show that the nature of curriculum is complex and does not lend itself to dictionary-style definitions. Moreover, the majority of those polled view 'curriculum' in two-dimensional terms, tending to equate it to 'syllabus'. This may have significant implications for curriculum reform.

  10. The Research of Software Engineering Curriculum Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuang, Li-Qun; Han, Xie

    With the problem that software engineering training can't meet the needs of the community, this paper analysis some outstanding reasons in software engineering curriculum teaching, such as old teaching contents, weak in practice and low quality of teachers etc. We propose the methods of teaching reform as guided by market demand, update the teaching content, optimize the teaching methods, reform the teaching practice, strengthen the teacher-student exchange and promote teachers and students together. We carried out the reform and explore positive and achieved the desired results.

  11. Understanding China's Curriculum Reform for the 21st Century

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    Law, Wing-Wah

    2014-01-01

    This article uses curriculum-making frameworks to analyse and reconstruct the Chinese curriculum-making model and unpack the dynamics, complexity and constraints of China's curriculum reform since the early 1990s. It argues that curriculum reform is China's main human capital development strategy for coping with the challenges of the 21st century,…

  12. Understanding China's Curriculum Reform for the 21st Century

    Science.gov (United States)

    Law, Wing-Wah

    2014-01-01

    This article uses curriculum-making frameworks to analyse and reconstruct the Chinese curriculum-making model and unpack the dynamics, complexity and constraints of China's curriculum reform since the early 1990s. It argues that curriculum reform is China's main human capital development strategy for coping with the challenges of the 21st century,…

  13. Curriculum Reform as Adaptive Leadership Challenge

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    Wolfe, Kathy J.

    2015-01-01

    Serious curricular reform is both exhilarating in its possibilities and exhausting in its particulars. When its scope is significant and it is undertaken in response to a variety of difficult challenges, curriculum revision becomes more about cultural change than a mere matter of logistics. While studying adaptive leadership with colleagues at the…

  14. Physical Education Curriculum Reform in Finland

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    Yli-Piipari, Sami

    2014-01-01

    The Finnish education system has received worldwide attention due to the top academic performance of Finnish school students. Physical education, as an integral part of the Finnish education curriculum, potentially contributes to the overall success. The purpose of this article is to summarize Finnish physical education reform during the past…

  15. Australian Curriculum Reform II: Health and Physical Education

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    Lynch, Timothy

    2014-01-01

    It is implied by governing organizations that Australia is presently experiencing its first national curriculum reform, when as the title suggests it is the second. However, until now Australian states and territories have been responsible for the education curriculum delivered within schools. The present national curriculum reform promises one…

  16. Australian Curriculum Reform II: Health and Physical Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lynch, Timothy

    2014-01-01

    It is implied by governing organizations that Australia is presently experiencing its first national curriculum reform, when as the title suggests it is the second. However, until now Australian states and territories have been responsible for the education curriculum delivered within schools. The present national curriculum reform promises one…

  17. Moral Education and Values Education in Curriculum Reform in China

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    Xiaoman, Zhu

    2006-01-01

    In the new curriculum reform in China, moral education and values education have been defined from the angles of the integrity and conformity of curriculum functions. Accordingly, a new education concept based on complete/integral curriculum functions is established. By discussing the essences of the curriculum, the basis of moral and values…

  18. Curriculum Reform in Higher Education: A Contested Space

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    Shay, Suellen

    2015-01-01

    Drawing on the theoretical and analytical tools from the sociology of education, in particular the work of Basil Bernstein and Karl Maton, the paper explores the tensions within curriculum reform discourses and how these tensions play out in different global contexts. The analysis focuses on two curriculum reform policies--Hong Kong and South…

  19. The New Curriculum Reform: What Does it Really Mean?

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    Henchey, Norman

    1999-01-01

    Explores the current educational reform in Quebec outlining the major aspects of the curriculum reform. Describes the structure of the curriculum, including programs of study and general principles. Discusses the implications of the proposals. Questions of emphasis include language and mathematics, technology, cultural pluralism, and English…

  20. Curriculum Reform in Higher Education: A Contested Space

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shay, Suellen

    2015-01-01

    Drawing on the theoretical and analytical tools from the sociology of education, in particular the work of Basil Bernstein and Karl Maton, the paper explores the tensions within curriculum reform discourses and how these tensions play out in different global contexts. The analysis focuses on two curriculum reform policies--Hong Kong and South…

  1. Moral education and values education in curriculum reform In China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhu Xiaoman

    2006-01-01

    In the new curriculum reform in China,moral education and values education have been defined from the angles of the integrity and conformity of curriculum functions.Accordingly, a new education concept based on complete/integral curriculum functions is established.By discussing the essences of the curriculum,the basis of moral and values education,integrated curriculum setting in instruction structure,the presence of emotional and attitudinal goals in the subject standards,and teaching methods,this text points out that this curriculum reform looks to moral and values education in schools.The reform also emphasizes and will guarantee moral and values education in schools.Finally,the article recommends to elementary and secondary schools the studies on moral education in class conducted by the Research Institute of Moral Education of Nanjing Normal University,one of the Key Bases for Humanities and Social Sciences Research for the Ministry of Education.

  2. Curriculum Reform in Secondary Education: Planning, Development and Implementation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kallen, Denis

    1996-01-01

    A discussion of secondary education curriculum reform, particularly in Eastern and Central Europe, examines potentially conflicting concerns characterizing the current reform debate: stronger national policies alongside calls for curricula responsive to local needs; broad versus core curricula; central versus decentralized control of assessment;…

  3. South African Curriculum Reform: Education for Active Citizenship

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    Smith, Juliana; Arendse, Agnetha

    2016-01-01

    The changing societal context in South Africa (SA) has necessitated curriculum reform to deal with the challenges of education, from apartheid to democracy, with the aim of promoting active citizenship education. The aim of the paper is thus to illuminate to what extent the Grade 11 Life Orientation (LO) curriculum prepares learners for active…

  4. [The Marburg surgical curriculum - improving the attraction of medical education by teaching central surgical competence].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwarting, T; Ruchholtz, S; Josephs, D; Oberkircher, L; Bartsch, D K; Fendrich, V

    2012-04-01

    The quality of medical education is an ongoing challenge due to the continuing changes of the health-care politics and general social conditions. At many German university hospitals the dominating picture is overfilled courses, lack of hands-on practice, reduced patient contact and the dull provision of theoretical, abstract knowledge. The reformed surgical curriculum at the University of Marburg university hospital is used to demonstrate that, in spite of large student numbers, a practice-oriented, small-group training at a high didactic level is possible. The surgical training courses are organized in detail and coordinated. Course contents and structure are media available in print and online versions for both students and teachers and thus fulfill not only transparency needs but also contemporary requirements. The strategy of a practice- and patient-oriented, small-group training is followed strictly in the surgical curriculum. In addition, accompanying tutorial possibilities for individual study in an up-to-date learning center are offered. Here the students have the opportunity to intensify knowledge acquired in previous or future courses with numerous attractive education means. Continuous evaluation of the individual training courses at the end of each semester not only document motivation of the students but also serve to continuously improve the training concepts. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  5. Curriculum reformation of e-commerce based on MOOC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhang Rui

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Faced with emerging problems in the teaching process of e-commerce course, such as unitary teaching method, obsolete teaching content, weak practicality, unitary test measurement, and so on, this paper proposes the curriculum reformation of e-commerce based on MOOC to deal with the current e-commerce teaching difficulties that exist. By MOOC mode applications, as well as pilots in the usual teaching classroom, this paper gives the reform program of e-commerce courses and designs many other aspects, such as the refine-ment of curriculum teaching design, enhanced multi-interactive, process-oriented evaluation mode. Through the pilot, some certain results have achieved. The curriculum reformation of e-commerce based on MOOC has pro-moted students to learn effectively, and improve the teaching quality of e-commerce knowledge of the course, to a certain extent.

  6. Curriculum Implementation and Reform: Teachers' Views about Kuwait's New Science Curriculum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alshammari, Ahmad

    2013-01-01

    The MoE (Ministry of Education) in the state of Kuwait is starting to reform the science curriculum in all school academic stages: primary (1-5) grades, intermediate (6-9) grades, and secondary (10-12) grades. The purpose of this study was to explore the opinions of science teachers about Kuwait's new sixth and seventh grade science curriculum,…

  7. Large-Scale Curriculum Reform in Finland--Exploring the Interrelation between Implementation Strategy, the Function of the Reform, and Curriculum Coherence

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    Pietarinen, Janne; Pyhältö, Kirsi; Soini, Tiina

    2017-01-01

    The study aims to gain a better understanding of the national large-scale curriculum process in terms of the used implementation strategies, the function of the reform, and the curriculum coherence perceived by the stakeholders accountable in constructing the national core curriculum in Finland. A large body of school reform literature has shown…

  8. Large-Scale Curriculum Reform in Finland--Exploring the Interrelation between Implementation Strategy, the Function of the Reform, and Curriculum Coherence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pietarinen, Janne; Pyhältö, Kirsi; Soini, Tiina

    2017-01-01

    The study aims to gain a better understanding of the national large-scale curriculum process in terms of the used implementation strategies, the function of the reform, and the curriculum coherence perceived by the stakeholders accountable in constructing the national core curriculum in Finland. A large body of school reform literature has shown…

  9. Being Professional: Accountability and Authority in Teachers' Responses to Science Curriculum Reform

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    Ryder, Jim

    2015-01-01

    The science curriculum is a focus of repeated reform in many countries. However, the enactment of such reforms within schools rarely reflects the intended outcomes of curriculum designers. This review considers what we know about the experiences and reflections of teachers in the enactment of externally driven school science curriculum reform.…

  10. Examining the Gaps between Teaching and Learning in the Technology Curriculum within Taiwan's 9-Year Articulated Curriculum Reform from the Perspective of Curriculum Implementation

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    Lin, Kuen-Yi; Chang, Liang-Te; Tsai, Fu-Hsing; Kao, Chia-Pin

    2015-01-01

    Curriculum reform has frequently focused on the curriculum-development stage, overlooking considerations regarding curriculum implementation, which has led to reform failure. In this study, consideration was placed primarily on the curriculum implementation stage. The gaps between teachers' and students' perceptions of content, learning…

  11. Examining the Gaps between Teaching and Learning in the Technology Curriculum within Taiwan's 9-Year Articulated Curriculum Reform from the Perspective of Curriculum Implementation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Kuen-Yi; Chang, Liang-Te; Tsai, Fu-Hsing; Kao, Chia-Pin

    2015-01-01

    Curriculum reform has frequently focused on the curriculum-development stage, overlooking considerations regarding curriculum implementation, which has led to reform failure. In this study, consideration was placed primarily on the curriculum implementation stage. The gaps between teachers' and students' perceptions of content, learning…

  12. Goodbye Conflict, Hello Development? Curriculum Reform in Timor-Leste

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    Shah, Ritesh

    2012-01-01

    Motivations to reform curriculum in post-conflict, or post-colonial states are often driven by the need to (re) construct a cohesive and publicly legitimated national identity that is starkly different to that which existed prior. This paper explores the context behind such action in the Timor-Leste (East Timor) and some challenges which policy…

  13. Goodbye Conflict, Hello Development? Curriculum Reform in Timor-Leste

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shah, Ritesh

    2012-01-01

    Motivations to reform curriculum in post-conflict, or post-colonial states are often driven by the need to (re) construct a cohesive and publicly legitimated national identity that is starkly different to that which existed prior. This paper explores the context behind such action in the Timor-Leste (East Timor) and some challenges which policy…

  14. 課程改革與課程學者的角色與責任 Curriculum Reform and the Roles and Responsibilities of Curriculum Scholars

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    楊俊鴻 Chun-Hung Yang

    2014-03-01

    This article has three purposes: (1 To discuss the relationship of curriculum reform and curriculum scholars. (2 To discuss the multiple roles of curriculum scholars between leftist and rightist, between stranger and familiar, between insider and outsider, and between nomad and farmer. (3 To discuss the responsibilities of curriculum scholars in curriculum reform. Finally, the author poses three responsibilities of curriculum scholars in curriculum reform, which are: academic responsibility, ethical responsibility, and social responsibility.

  15. Basic Education Curriculum Reform in Rural China: Achievements, Problems, and Solutions

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    Wang, Jiayi; Zhao, Zhichun

    2011-01-01

    The latest wave of basic education curriculum reform, carried out over the past ten years, has achieved significant results and promoted the development of rural education. There are still some problems in the reform of basic education in rural areas, however, such as a serious shortage of funds for rural school curriculum reform, the continuing…

  16. Curriculum Reform and Teacher Autonomy in Turkey: The Case of the History Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozturk, Ibrahim Hakki

    2011-01-01

    In recent years, the curriculum programs have been changed dramatically in Turkey, as part of a comprehensive reform initiative. The history curriculum for secondary schools was subjected to this transformation as well. This study examines the curriculum reform in terms of teacher autonomy, a key-concept for the comprehension and improvement of…

  17. Debates on the Basic Education Curriculum Reform and Teachers' Challenges in China: The Case of Mathematics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Qiong; Ni, Yu-jing

    2012-01-01

    Focusing on the case of mathematics, this paper reviews debates on China's new Basic Education Curriculum Reform program, including the status of knowledge within the reformed curriculum, the arrangement of the curriculum system, and the push toward real-life applicability and hands-on participation. It discusses the related challenges that…

  18. How the University Curriculum Reform Serves for Employment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈婷

    2015-01-01

    Confronted with the globalization,nowadays,the level of economy and science develops rapidly,so it is indispensable to carry out the task of cultivating enough talents.In order to satisfy the social development and cater for market demands,uni-versity curriculum reform should be more frequently served for employment,avoiding being always confined to the textbooks and learning pure theory knowledge through memory.In that way,a group of talents who have no knowledge actually will be cultivated,because something that the students learn at the university deviate from the society and after they work on the guard,they need learn the relevant contents from the beginning.To a certain degree,students'career developments are possible to be influenced by the direction and quality of university curriculum reform.To link the university curriculum reform and employ-ment development better,this essay will put forward the effective advice from three aspects.

  19. The Reformulation of National Identity in the New Taiwanese Citizenship Curriculum through the Lens of Curriculum Reformers

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    Hung, Cheng-Yu

    2017-01-01

    The national curriculum reformers, regarded as members of the social elites and intellectuals, projected their vision of identity onto the curriculum which they constructed and influenced the next generation's national consciousness. In the tangled relationship between politics and education, the selection of the reformers in a sense dictates the…

  20. From Essential Learnings to Tasmania's Curriculum: Will this Change Improve Curriculum Reform?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watt, Michael G.

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this paper was to evaluate initiatives the state government announced in 2006 to review the curriculum and assessments, and enhance capacity building and accountability. The methodology for reviewing states' systemic reform policies devised by Achieve, an organisation based in Washington, DC, was applied to identify issues and…

  1. An Empirical Study of Industrial Engineering and Management Curriculum Reform in Fostering Students' Creativity

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    Chen, Chi-Kuang; Jiang, Bernard C.; Hsu, Kuang-Yiao

    2005-01-01

    The objective of this paper is to examine the effectiveness of a creativity-fostering program in industrial engineering and management (IE&M) curriculum reform. Fostering creativity in students has become a crucial issue in industrial engineering education. In a survey of previous studies, we found few on IE&M curriculum reform. In…

  2. An Empirical Study of Industrial Engineering and Management Curriculum Reform in Fostering Students' Creativity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Chi-Kuang; Jiang, Bernard C.; Hsu, Kuang-Yiao

    2005-01-01

    The objective of this paper is to examine the effectiveness of a creativity-fostering program in industrial engineering and management (IE&M) curriculum reform. Fostering creativity in students has become a crucial issue in industrial engineering education. In a survey of previous studies, we found few on IE&M curriculum reform. In…

  3. General Education Curriculum Reforming Advance in the Universities of China Mainland

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    Hui-min, Feng; Mei, Guo

    2007-01-01

    From 21st century, in order to pursue "Quality-oriented Education", enhance students' overall quality and broaden their knowledge vision, some key universities in China mainland have reformed the general education curriculums successively. This article introduces the reforming advance of general education curriculum in the universities of China…

  4. An Empirical Study of Industrial Engineering and Management Curriculum Reform in Fostering Students' Creativity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Chi-Kuang; Jiang, Bernard C.; Hsu, Kuang-Yiao

    2005-01-01

    The objective of this paper is to examine the effectiveness of a creativity-fostering program in industrial engineering and management (IE&M) curriculum reform. Fostering creativity in students has become a crucial issue in industrial engineering education. In a survey of previous studies, we found few on IE&M curriculum reform. In particular, no…

  5. [Curriculum for Practical Surgical Education during Internships - with a Strategy for New Perspectives].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gillen, S; Hofmann, A; Friess, H; Berberat, P

    2016-06-01

    It seems that the experience gained in the courses of surgical training in medical education does not really motivate students for surgery in Germany. Inspired by this problem the Department of Surgery of the Klinikum rechts der Isar, Technical University of Munich has developed a substantial reform for the internship since 2009 with the aim of not only improving the quality of education significantly, but also the attractiveness and thus the fascination for the subject. Based on the slogan "We want to awaken your fascination for surgery" a structured and standardised training of all students in their internship regardless of the ward or section and local conditions was developed. For this purpose a completely new curriculum was steadily implemented into clinical practice, based on the following four basic principles: (i) integration and perception in the clinic, (ii) central and peripheral maintenance, (iii) systematic and individual training, (iv) evaluation and feedback at all levels. To analyse the effectiveness of the reform, standardised evaluations by students and faculty were carried out regularly. To date, since the beginning of the reform in 2009, there has been an approximately linear increase in the number of students in the PJ surgery. The daily systematic courses showed a good to excellent rating in all formats. The comparison showed a clear increasing trend in all the values, in particular, the "integration into the overall hospital" significantly improved (mean, 4.7 vs. 5.5, p = 0.003). However, the point "motivating for surgery" (mean, 3.3) remains at a low level. But also medical educators were satisfied with the new curriculum for the internship students (mean, 4.5). The reform was adopted universally in a very positive manner and the current data support the need for such a reform. Overall, the reform showed a positive development of the internship training in the surgical department of the faculty. The satisfaction of the students and

  6. Curriculum Reform in a Globalised World: The Discourses of Cosmopolitanism and Community

    Science.gov (United States)

    Camicia, Steven P.; Franklin, Barry M.

    2010-01-01

    Under conditions of globalisation, the discourse of cosmopolitanism adds a new dimension to analysis of curriculum reform. We examine the meanings and contentions of curriculum as a regulatory function in rapidly changing, global communities. We examine cosmopolitanism and curriculum through the lenses of two cosmopolitan discourses, neoliberal…

  7. Surgical Practical Skills Learning Curriculum: Implementation and Interns' Confidence Perceptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Acosta, Danilo; Castillo-Angeles, Manuel; Garces-Descovich, Alejandro; Watkins, Ammara A; Gupta, Alok; Critchlow, Jonathan F; Kent, Tara S

    2017-08-18

    To provide an overview of the practical skills learning curriculum and assess its effects over time on the surgical interns' perceptions of their technical skills, patient management, administrative tasks, and knowledge. An 84-hour practical skills curriculum composed of didactic, simulation, and practical sessions was implemented during the 2015 to 2016 academic year for general surgery interns. Totally, 40% of the sessions were held during orientation, whereas the remainder sessions were held throughout the academic year. Interns' perceptions of their technical skills, administrative tasks, patient management, and knowledge were assessed by the practical skills curriculum residents' perception survey at various time points during their intern year (baseline, midpoint, and final). Interns were also asked to fill out an evaluation survey at the completion of each session to obtain feedback on the curriculum. General Surgery Residency program at a tertiary care academic institution. 20 General Surgery categorical and preliminary interns. Significant differences were found over time in interns' perceptions on their technical skills, patient management, administrative tasks, and knowledge (p skills, patient management, administrative tasks, and knowledge (p > 0.05 for all). Implementation of a Practical Skills Curriculum in surgical internships can improve interns' confidence perception on their technical skills, patient management skills, administrative tasks, and knowledge. Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  8. Survey of Attitudes towards Curriculum Reforms among Medical Teachersin Different Socio-economic and Cultural Environments

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dahl, Mads Ronald

    2007-01-01

    schools in 3 countries in post-communist transition (Croatia, Slovenia, Bosnia and Herzegovina). The survey included a 5-point Likert-type scale on attitudes towards reforms in general and towards reforms of medical curriculum (10 items each). Teaching staff from medical schools in Bosnia and Herzegovina......Curriculum reforms in medical schools require cultural and conceptual changes from the faculty. We assessed attitudes towards curriculum reforms in different academic, economic, and social environments among 776 teachers from 2 Western European medical schools (Belgium and Denmark) and 7 medical...... had more positive attitude towards reforms of medical curriculum (mean score 36.8 out of maximum 50 [95% CI 36.1 to 37.3]) than those from medical schools in Croatia or Slovenia (30.7 [29.8 to 31.6]) or Western Europe (27.7 [27.1 to 28.3]) (Pattitudes...

  9. [Practical Year - Surgery in the Reformed Curriculum MaReCuM (Mannheim)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schüttpelz-Brauns, K; Eschmann, D; Weiß, B; Narciß, E; Obertacke, U; Schreiner, U

    2017-02-01

    Background: Since 2006 the practical year in the Mannheim Reformed Curriculum Medicine (MaReCuM) is divided into four quarters: the two required subjects (surgery and internal medicine), one elective and one of four offered fields in ambulatory medicine. Therefore students can more intensively focus on their preferences in the practical year. In the present article we describe the provided surgical training sites, the organisation of the practical year, the surgical training itself and the quality management. We provide answers to the following questions: does dividing the practical year into quarters have a (negative) influence on the grades of final exams; how interested, motivated and satisfied are students in the different (surgical) quarters of the practical year and in which quarter(s) can new generation staff be recruited? Methods: We used results of the final exams of three cohorts of the traditional Mannheim track and three cohorts of MaReCuM, as well as the results of the Mannheim Questionnaire of Satisfaction with Training Conditions in the Practical Year of Medical Education from the regular evaluation of three practical year cohorts within two years. Conclusions: Dividing the practical year into quarters is possible and can be organised together with the new "mandatory subject" ambulatory medicine. The introduction of quarters has no negative effects on the results of final exams. The assignment in the surgical field from students' perspectives with regard to motivation, interest, knowledge and satisfaction with training is comparable to surgical electives. Therefore recruitment of new staff is possible either in the surgical elective or in the surgical area of ambulatory medicine. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  10. Survey of Attitudes towards Curriculum Reforms among Medical Teachersin Different Socio-economic and Cultural Environments

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dahl, Mads Ronald

    2007-01-01

    towards medical curriculum reform in post-communist transition countries, but not in Western European schools, was younger age, as well as female gender in Bosnia and Herzegovina,. Factors influencing faculty attitudes may not be easy to identify and may be specific for different settings......Curriculum reforms in medical schools require cultural and conceptual changes from the faculty. We assessed attitudes towards curriculum reforms in different academic, economic, and social environments among 776 teachers from 2 Western European medical schools (Belgium and Denmark) and 7 medical...

  11. How Singapore Junior College Science Teachers Address Curriculum Reforms: A Theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lim, Patrick; Pyvis, David

    2012-01-01

    Using grounded theory research methodology, a theory was developed to explain how Singapore junior college science teachers implement educational reforms underpinning the key initiatives of the "Thinking Schools, Learning Nation" policy. The theory suggests Singapore junior college science teachers "deal with" implementing curriculum reforms by…

  12. National Curriculum Reform in China and England: Origins, Character and Comparison

    Science.gov (United States)

    Halpin, David

    2010-01-01

    Both China and England require state-funded schools to teach a national curriculum. While policy congruence in terms of overall intention is apparent, there are major differences between each country's approach to systemic curriculum reform which highlight contrasting attitudes to how best to effect change in schools and widely differing views on…

  13. Teaching in New Curriculum Reformation%《新课改下的教学》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高维珺

    2011-01-01

    @@ 1 Preface Now,our country is experiencing a new curriculum reformation,which is greatly influencing teachers,students and everyone.But as a competent teacher,he must do something to adopt to the new curriculum,here I just analysis and explainin one aspect in my own eyes.

  14. The Politics of Curriculum Reform in Canada: The Case of Technology Education in British Columbia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petrina, Stephen; Dalley, Stephen

    2003-01-01

    Demonstrates the case of technology education in British Colombia and discusses its invulnerability of teachers to curriculum reform. Draws on historical and survey data related to school practices and Ministry of Education enrollment data disaggregated by sex. Casts these data into a politics of curriculum framework informed by the work of…

  15. What Makes Reform Work?--School-Based Conditions as Predictors of Teachers' Changing Practice after a National Curriculum Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramberg, Magnus R.

    2014-01-01

    Educational change initiatives, whether they involve the implementation of new policies or curriculum reforms, often fail to reach the level of teachers' classroom practices. In the search for explanations, numerous studies have either characterized teachers as resistant to change or focused on how schools' workplace conditions have failed to…

  16. The Failure of Progressive Classroom Reform: Lessons from the Curriculum Reform Implementation Project in Papua New Guinea

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guthrie, Gerard

    2012-01-01

    Progressive education has been an article of educational faith in Papua New Guinea during the last 50 years but the best available evidence indicates that major reforms to formalistic curriculum and teaching in primary and secondary classrooms have failed during this period despite large-scale professional, administrative and financial support. In…

  17. The pioneer cohort of curriculum reform: Guinea pigs or trail-blazers?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    McLean Michelle

    2005-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract With curriculum reform, whether we admit it or not, the first cohort of students will be 'test-driving' the new programme. Not only are they the pioneers of a new curriculum, but as they progress through their studies, they experience each year of the innovation for the first time. As curriculum designers, we learn from their experiences and their feedback to improve the programme content and delivery, invariably for subsequent cohorts. A considerable onus therefore rests with this pioneer group, and their contribution to curriculum design, evaluation and programme revision should be valued.

  18. Remaking the Professional Teacher: Authority and Curriculum Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gerrard, Jessica; Farrell, Lesley

    2014-01-01

    Globally, national curriculum policies are up for renegotiation. These negotiations are shaped by international and national top-down accountability regimes, and an increasing turn towards curriculum centralization and standardization. The new Australian Curriculum (AC) is no exception. The AC is an important educational policy event, one in which…

  19. "Dreamt into Existence by Others": Curriculum Theory and School Reform.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinar, William F.

    1992-01-01

    The article examines problems in the U.S. public school system. It describes the factory and corporate models of education and suggests that, despite the conservative origins of the current wave of school reform, progress is possible. The article also discusses sociocultural factors and the importance of theory in school reform. (SM)

  20. Business Curriculum and Assessment Reform in Hong Kong Schools: A Critical Review from a Competence-Based Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Christina Wai Mui

    2010-01-01

    From September 2009 onwards, a new business curriculum which focuses on three key business disciplines, namely management, accounting and finance, has been implemented in Hong Kong senior secondary schools. A new assessment guide has been also proposed in light of the new curriculum. Such business curriculum and assessment reform move in the…

  1. Relationship between Teachers' Self-Efficacy Beliefs and Their Willingness to Implement Curriculum Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cerit, Yusuf

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of the present study was to explore the relationships between classroom teachers' self-efficacy and their willingness to implement curriculum reform. The sample of this study included 255 classroom teachers. The data in this study were collected using the Teachers' Sense of Efficacy Scale and the Teachers' Willingness to Implement…

  2. Towards a New Cartography of Curriculum Reform: Reflections on Educational Decentralization in Argentina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dussel, Ines; Tiramonti, Guillermina; Birgin, Alejandra

    2000-01-01

    States that educational reforms in Argentina have reshaped both school knowledge and institutional patterns of school administration. Analyzes the process of "curriculum reterritorialization" in Argentina, the contradictions and displacements it produces, and the hybrid products that result. Traces reterritorialization through four…

  3. The Implementation of Entrepreneurship Education through Curriculum Reform in Finnish Comprehensive Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seikkula-Leino, Jaana

    2011-01-01

    How has entrepreneurship education been implemented in Finnish comprehensive schools. A two-part survey was undertaken in 43 municipalities with different educational and socio-economic backgrounds. The first part, in 2005, dealt with the local curriculum reform with a focus on the development of entrepreneurship education. The second part, in…

  4. Collegiality and Culture: General Education Curriculum Reform at Western Protestant University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dubrow, Greg

    2004-01-01

    This article examines the process of general education curriculum reform at Western Protestant University (WPU), a pseudonym for a religiously affiliated liberal arts college in the western United States. The theoretical framework for describing the process comes from two areas: institutional culture and a typology of academic change developed by…

  5. From World War to Woods Hole: The Use of Wartime Research Models for Curriculum Reform.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rudolph, John L.

    2002-01-01

    Considers the curriculum reform movement of the 1950s as an experiment in applying innovative research and development techniques perfected by scientists during World War II, tracing the development of newer methods of scientific analysis and examining how they were imported from military research to the field of education by a select group of…

  6. Graduates from a reformed undergraduate medical curriculum based on Tomorrow's Doctors evaluate the effectiveness of their curriculum 6 years after graduation through interviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Taylor David CM

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background In 1996 Liverpool reformed its medical curriculum from a traditional lecture based course to a curriculum based on the recommendations in Tomorrow's Doctors. A project has been underway since 2000 to evaluate this change. This paper focuses on the views of graduates from that reformed curriculum 6 years after they had graduated. Methods Between 2007 and 2009 45 interviews took place with doctors from the first two cohorts to graduate from the reformed curriculum. Results The interviewees felt like they had been clinically well prepared to work as doctors and in particular had graduated with good clinical and communication skills and had a good knowledge of what the role of doctor entailed. They also felt they had good self directed learning and research skills. They did feel their basic science knowledge level was weaker than traditional graduates and perceived they had to work harder to pass postgraduate exams. Whilst many had enjoyed the curriculum and in particular the clinical skills resource centre and the clinical exposure of the final year including the "shadowing" and A & E attachment they would have liked more "structure" alongside the PBL when learning the basic sciences. Conclusion According to the graduates themselves many of the aims of curriculum reform have been met by the reformed curriculum and they were well prepared clinically to work as doctors. However, further reforms may be needed to give confidence to science knowledge acquisition.

  7. Geography teachers' interpretation of a curriculum reform initiative ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    mental changes targeting all school subjects and classroom instructional ... the capacity of all the stakeholders involved in curriculum development, and by ..... school: “there is a good teaching if students can remember what they have been.

  8. Application and evaluation of improved surgical aseptic technique curriculum in specialty nurse training in Henan Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bing Bai

    2016-09-01

    Conclusion: Novel surgical aseptic technique and application in the curriculum design of training for OR nurses should be developed to enhance their mastery of theoretical and practical skills and to modify their behaviors.

  9. Humanism, the Hidden Curriculum, and Educational Reform: A Scoping Review and Thematic Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martimianakis, Maria Athina Tina; Michalec, Barret; Lam, Justin; Cartmill, Carrie; Taylor, Janelle S; Hafferty, Frederic W

    2015-11-01

    Medical educators have used the hidden curriculum concept for over three decades to make visible the effects of tacit learning, including how culture, structures, and institutions influence professional identity formation. In response to calls to see more humanistic-oriented training in medicine, the authors examined how the hidden curriculum construct has been applied in the English language medical education literature with a particular (and centering) look at its use within literature pertaining to humanism. They also explored the ends to which the hidden curriculum construct has been used in educational reform efforts (at the individual, organizational, and/or systems levels) related to nurturing and/or increasing humanism in health care. The authors conducted a scoping review and thematic analysis that draws from the tradition of critical discourse analysis. They identified 1,887 texts in the literature search, of which 200 met inclusion criteria. The analysis documents a strong preoccupation with negative effects of the hidden curriculum, particularly the moral erosion of physicians and the perceived undermining of humanistic values in health care. A conflation between professionalism and humanism was noted. Proposals for reform largely target medical students and medical school faculty, with very little consideration for how organizations, institutions, and sociopolitical relations more broadly contribute to problematic behaviors. The authors argue that there is a need to transcend conceptualizations of the hidden curriculum as antithetical to humanism and offer suggestions for future research that explores the necessity and value of humanism and the hidden curriculum in medical education and training.

  10. Building Potemkin Schools: Science Curriculum Reform in a STEM School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teo, Tang Wee

    2012-01-01

    "Potemkin schools" is used as the phrase to capture what a US science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) public speciality high school becomes as a result of its institutional branding. By way of an examination of the efforts of one teacher drawn into school branding through his "inquiry-based reform" of an Advanced Chemistry course,…

  11. Challenges Facing Chinese PE Curriculum Reform--Teachers' Talk

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jin, Aijing

    2009-01-01

    China has attracted a huge amount of interest from around the world over the last two decades because of its rapid and vigorous development. Rapid economic growth has brought with it significant structural reforms in all trades and professions across China. Within this context of rapid social change, the Chinese basic education system has been…

  12. The New Curriculum Reform of Chinese Language%语文新课改探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薛少东; 何晓成

    2012-01-01

    In 2004, a part of the area in China began to try out new curriculum reform, and later it has been promoting to the whole country. The new curriculum reform has achieved a breakthrough progress and has tremendous impact on the traditional classroom teaching. This article discusses the new curriculum reform from eight aspects, such as changing teaching philosophy, understanding the new curriculum of Chinese language, being hard to create a harmonious atmosphere, improving the evaluation system, and so on.%2004年我国部分区域开始试行新课程改革,后来相继推广全国.新课程改革取得了突破性进展,对传统课堂教学带来了巨大的冲击.本文从转变教学理念、语文新课程的认识、努力营造融洽的氛围、完善评价制度等八个方面对新课改进行探讨.

  13. Using symbolic interactionism to analyze a specialized STEM high school teacher's experience in curriculum reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teo, Tang Wee; Osborne, Margery

    2012-09-01

    In this paper, we present a microanalysis of a specialized STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) high school teacher's experience of self-initiated science inquiry curriculum reform. We examine the meanings of these two constructs: inquiry curriculum and curriculum change through the process lens of interactions, actions, and interpretations. Symbolic interactionism is the theoretical framework we used to frame our analysis of how this teacher, Darren Daley (a pseudonym) and various stakeholders purposefully and strategically engaged in "face-work" and act out lines of actions to advocate or oppose curriculum change. Symbols are used in this world of face-to-face encounters to communicate, imply, and assert, meanings through socially flexible and adjustable processes. We scrutinize how Daley (un)consciously engaged all of these to defend his decisions, actions, and outcomes and "look" to others as doing inquiry reform. The meanings of such work are not intrinsically driven or reactions to psychological and extraneous factors and forces, but emergent through interactions. The data collection methods include interviews with Daley, school administrators, students, and parents, lesson observations in Daley's class, and gathering of school website pages, brochures, and curriculum materials. We represent data in narratives describing storied history, voices, interactions, anecdotal accounts from individuals' experiences, and interpretations. The analysis and findings illuminate the nature of teacher agency—how it is reclaimed, sustained, reinforced, contested, exercised, and modified in more nuanced ways, hence offering an alternative lens to theorizing and empirically analyzing this construct.

  14. Leading change: curriculum reform in graduate education in the biomedical sciences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dasgupta, Shoumita; Symes, Karen; Hyman, Linda

    2015-01-01

    The Division of Graduate Medical Sciences at the Boston University School of Medicine houses numerous dynamic graduate programs. Doctoral students began their studies with laboratory rotations and classroom training in a variety of fundamental disciplines. Importantly, with 15 unique pathways of admission to these doctoral programs, there were also 15 unique curricula. Departments and programs offered courses independently, and students participated in curricula that were overlapping combinations of these courses. This system created curricula that were not coordinated and that had redundant course content as well as content gaps. A partnership of key stakeholders began a curriculum reform process to completely restructure doctoral education at the Boston University School of Medicine. The key pedagogical goals, objectives, and elements designed into the new curriculum through this reform process created a curriculum designed to foster the interdisciplinary thinking that students are ultimately asked to utilize in their research endeavors. We implemented comprehensive student and peer evaluation of the new Foundations in Biomedical Sciences integrated curriculum to assess the new curriculum. Furthermore, we detail how this process served as a gateway toward creating a more fully integrated graduate experience, under the umbrella of the Program in Biomedical Sciences. © 2015 The International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology.

  15. English Effective Teaching——Under New Curriculum Reform%English Effective Teaching ——Under New Curriculum Reform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋怡如

    2016-01-01

    Course reform is the necessary demand in the new situation,which proposes a higher request for teachers.How to adapt to the time better has become the research topic for every teacher.This article aims to explore some specific strategies to improve effectiveness of English teaching through a brief analysis of the inefficient teaching and invalid performance in current English teaching .

  16. Integrative curriculum reform, domain dependent knowing, and teachers` epistemological theories: Implications for middle-level teaching

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Powell, R.R. [Texas Tech Univ., Lubbock, TX (United States). College of Education

    1998-12-01

    Integrative curriculum as both a theoretical construct and a practical reality, and as a theme-based, problem-centered, democratic way of schooling, is becoming more widely considered as a feasible alternative to traditional middle-level curricula. Importantly for teaching and learning, domain dependence requires teachers to view one area of knowledge as fully interdependent with other areas of knowledge during the learning process. This requires teachers to adopt personal epistemological theories that reflect integrative, domain dependent knowing. This study explored what happened when teachers from highly traditional domain independent school settings encountered an ambitious college-level curriculum project that was designed to help the teachers understand the potential that integrative, domain dependent teaching holds for precollege settings. This study asked: What influence does an integrative, domain dependent curriculum project have on teachers` domain independent, epistemological theories for teaching and learning? Finding an answer to this question is essential if we, as an educational community, are to understand how integrative curriculum theory is transformed by teachers into systemic curriculum reform. The results suggest that the integrative curriculum project that teachers participated in did not explicitly alter their classroom practices in a wholesale manner. Personal epistemological theories of teachers collectively precluded teachers from making any wholesale changes in their individual classroom teaching. However, teachers became aware of integrative curriculum as an alternative, and they expressed interest in infusing integrative practices into their classrooms as opportunities arise.

  17. Under the new curriculum idea, PE curriculum reform in colleges%新课程理念下的高校体育课程改革

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晔

    2013-01-01

    With the development of research on the concept of the new curriculum as well as the in-depth reform of higher education in China, as an important content and an important carrier of higher education university sports must actively adapt to the trend of the reform, reform of the university sports curriculum and new curriculum ideas do not match the content. Based on the present college physical education curriculum reform discussion under the new curriculum idea problems, puts forward some countermeasures, in order to promote the healthy development of college PE curriculum reform.%随着对新课程理念研究的深入以及我国高等教育改革的深入,作为高等教育重要载体及重要组成内容的大学体育也必须要积极适应改革的潮流,对高校体育课程中与新课程理念不相匹配的内容进行改革。本文在探讨新课程理念下高校体育课程改革存在的问题的基础上,提出了一些解决的对策,以期更好地促进高校体育课程改革的健康发展。

  18. Tobephobia Experienced by Teachers in Secondary Schools: An Exploratory Study Focusing on Curriculum Reform in the Nelson Mandela Metropole

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, P.

    2011-01-01

    Because of its history from apartheid to democracy, the aspiration to reform schools is a recurrent theme in South African education. Efforts to reform education in schools based on the outcomes-based education (OBE) curriculum approach created major challenges for policy makers in South Africa. The purpose of this exploratory research was…

  19. Chemistry, Life, the Universe, and Everything: A New Approach to General Chemistry, and a Model for Curriculum Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooper, Melanie; Klymkowsky, Michael

    2013-01-01

    The history of general chemistry is one of almost constant calls for reform, yet over the past 60 years little of substance has changed. Those reforms that have been implemented are almost entirely concerned with how the course is taught, rather than what is to be learned. Here we briefly discuss the history of the general chemistry curriculum and…

  20. Chemistry, Life, the Universe, and Everything: A New Approach to General Chemistry, and a Model for Curriculum Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooper, Melanie; Klymkowsky, Michael

    2013-01-01

    The history of general chemistry is one of almost constant calls for reform, yet over the past 60 years little of substance has changed. Those reforms that have been implemented are almost entirely concerned with how the course is taught, rather than what is to be learned. Here we briefly discuss the history of the general chemistry curriculum and…

  1. Design, development and implementation of a surgical simulation pathway curriculum for biliary disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buchholz, Joseph; Vollmer, Charles M; Miyasaka, Kiyoyuki W; Lamarra, Denise; Aggarwal, Rajesh

    2015-01-01

    The initial focus of simulation in surgical education was to provide instruction in procedural tasks and technical skills. Recently, the importance of instruction in nontechnical areas, such as communication and teamwork, was realized. On rotation, the surgical resident requires proficiency in both technical and non-technical skills through the entire patient care pathway, i.e., pre-, intra- and postoperatively. The focus was upon implementation of a biliary disease-based surgical simulation curriculum. The cornerstones of this module were clinical care pathway simulation sessions, at the commencement and conclusion of the 3 days. Each resident completed a simulated outpatient encounter with a standardized patient (SP) presenting with biliary colic, performed a laparoscopic cholecystectomy on a porcine model in a simulated operating room and completed an uncomplicated follow-up visit with the same SP. Assessments of resident performance were collected for every pathway scenario using standardized assessment forms approved by the American Board of Surgery. Additional formative sessions included hands-on, didactic and SP encounter sessions. The biliary surgical simulation pathway curriculum was successful implemented over the course of a 3-day, immersive module. The curriculum was delivered within the Penn Medicine Clinical Simulation Center and accommodated six junior surgical resident learners. The curriculum was divided into 4-h sessions, each led by a department faculty member. The cost of the implementation approximated $17,500 (USD). It is imperative that surgical residents undergo simulation training directly linked to their hospital responsibilities so as to provide immediate performance improvement and reduce errors in the clinical environment. This pathway curriculum has successfully shown the feasibility to implement this novel approach to surgical simulation for junior resident training at an academic medical center. Such a patient-focused approach to

  2. Historical context for the growth of medical professionalism and curriculum reform in Taiwan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chiu, Chiung-Hsuan; Arrigo, Linda Gail; Tsai, Duujian

    2009-09-01

    Medical school curricular reform to address humanism is now a prominent issue in Taiwan. Taiwan's community of medical professionals have for the last 100 years played a leading role in the nation's modernization and democratization. With the democratic opening of 1990, they took up the cause of humanistic reform of medical education. Although the reform has not sufficiently specified the depth and breadth of professionalism to be achieved through the medical school curriculum, it points at least to the most desired professionalism goals. Collaboration with the international community, particularly with Taiwanese-American medical educators and researchers who bring their experience back to Taiwan, has been a potent force for the advancement of the humanities and professionalism in medical education. This paper presents the definition of professionalism and the history of the medical profession from the perspective of medical education in Taiwan, and discusses recent transitions.

  3. Continuously Uncertain Reform Effort: State-Mandated History and Social Science Curriculum and the Perceptions of Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martell, Christopher

    2010-01-01

    This study examined teachers' attitudes and beliefs in one over-performing urban/suburban high school of the state-mandated curriculum framework under conditions that I label a continuously uncertain reform effort or a top-down mandated curriculum involving constant mixed-messages as to its content, accountability demands, and future existence.…

  4. Repairing reforms and transforming professional practices : A mixed-methods analysis of surgical training reform

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    I. Wallenburg (Iris); C.J. Hopmans (Niels); M. Buljac-Samardzic (Martina); P.Th. den Hoed (Pieter); J.N.M. IJzermans (Jan)

    2016-01-01

    markdownabstractAlthough much has been written on changing professionalism, only limited attention has been given to the way in which professionals themselves give shape to new requirements in everyday professional practice. This article investigates the understudied reform of postgraduate medical

  5. The longitudinal curriculum "social and communicative competencies" within Bologna-reformed undergraduate medical education in Basel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kiessling, Claudia; Langewitz, Wolf

    2013-01-01

    Within the Bologna reform, a longitudinal curriculum of "social and communicative competencies" (SOKO) was implemented into the new Bachelor-Master structure of undergraduate medical education in Basel (Switzerland). The aim of the SOKO curriculum is to enable students to use techniques of patient-centred communication to elicit and provide information to patients in order to involve them as informed partners in decision making processes. The SOKO curriculum consists of 57 lessons for the individual student from the first bachelor year to the first master year. Teaching encompasses lectures and small group learning. Didactic methods include role play, video feedback, and consultations with simulated and real patients. Summative assessment takes place in objective structured clinical examinations (OSCE). In Basel, a longitudinal SOKO curriculum based on students' cumulative learning was successfully implemented. Goals and contents were coordinated with the remaining curriculum and are regularly assessed in OSCEs. At present, most of the workload rests on the shoulders of the department of psychosomatic medicine at the university hospital. For the curriculum to be successful in the long-term, sustainable structures need to be instituted at the medical faculty and the university hospital to guarantee high quality teaching and assessment.

  6. On discussing the College English Teaching Curriculum Reform in Institutions of Higher Education Based on “MOOC”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘晓丹; 刘欣欣

    2015-01-01

    “MOOC”(short for “Massive Open Online Course”)is rooted in the development of both educational ideas and technology.With its unparal eled advantages and convenience,MOOC has swept across the globe.In recent years,the reform of Col ege English Teaching in China has been booming in institutions of higher education.Considering the predicament that Col ege English Teaching was faced with the chal enge in the curriculum reform,this paper probes into the possibility that MOOC wil provide a unique opportunity for the curriculum reform of Col ege English Teaching.

  7. The unmet need for a national surgical quality improvement curriculum: a systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Medbery, Rachel L; Sellers, Morgan M; Ko, Clifford Y; Kelz, Rachel R

    2014-01-01

    The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education Next Accreditation System will require general surgery training programs to demonstrate outstanding clinical outcomes and education in quality improvement (QI). The American College of Surgeons-National Surgical Quality Improvement Project Quality In-Training Initiative reports the results of a systematic review of the literature investigating the availability of a QI curriculum. Using defined search terms, a systematic review was conducted in Embase, PubMed, and Google Scholar (January 2000-March 2013) to identify a surgical QI curriculum. Bibliographies from selected articles and other relevant materials were also hand searched. Curriculum was defined as an organized program of learning complete with content, instruction, and assessment for use in general surgical residency programs. Two independent observers graded surgical articles on quality of curriculum presented. Overall, 50 of 1155 references had information regarding QI in graduate medical education. Most (n = 24, 48%) described QI education efforts in nonsurgical fields. A total of 31 curricular blueprints were identified; 6 (19.4%) were specific to surgery. Targeted learners were most often post graduate year-2 residents (29.0%); only 6 curricula (19.4%) outlined a course for all residents within their respective programs. Plan, Do, Study, Act (n = 10, 32.3%), and Root Cause Analysis (n = 5, 16.1%) were the most common QI content presented, the majority of instruction was via lecture/didactics (n = 26, 83.9%), and only 7 (22.6%) curricula used validated tool kits for assessment. Elements of QI curriculum for surgical education exist; however, comprehensive content is lacking. The American College of Surgeons-National Surgical Quality Improvement Project Quality In-Training Initiative will build on the high-quality components identified in our review and develop data-centered QI content to generate a comprehensive national QI curriculum for use in

  8. Surgical intern survival skills curriculum as an intern: does it help?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Todd, S Rob; Fahy, Bridget N; Paukert, Judy; Johnson, Melanie L; Bass, Barbara L

    2011-12-01

    The transition from medical student to surgical intern is fraught with anxiety. We implemented a surgical intern survival skills curriculum to alleviate this through a series of lectures and interactive sessions. The purpose of this pilot study was to evaluate its effectiveness. This was a prospective observational pilot study of our surgical intern survival skills curriculum, the components of which included professionalism, medical documentation, pharmacy highlights, radiographic interpretations, nutrition, and mock clinical pages. The participants completed pre-course and post-course surveys to assess their confidence levels in the elements addressed using a 5-point Likert scale (1 = unsatisfactory, 5 = excellent). A P value of less than .05 was considered significant. In 2009, 8 interns participated in the surgical intern survival skills curriculum. Fifty percent were female and their mean age was 27.5 ± 1.5 years. Of 33 elements assessed, interns rated themselves as more confident in 27 upon completion of the course. The implementation of a surgical intern survival skills curriculum significantly improved the confidence levels of general surgery interns and seemed to ease the transition from medical student to surgical intern. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. Origins of life science teachers' beliefs underlying curriculum reform in Texas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crawley, Frank E.; Salyer, Barbara A.

    This study explores the beliefs about reform of life science teachers in central Texas who were retained to teach Coordinated Thematic Science I. In particular, we were interested in identifying the beliefs that serve as the foundation for the grade 7 life science teachers' intentions to introduce physical science activities in the life science classes they teach. To accomplish this purpose, we selected four teachers, using purposeful sampling procedures. We also adapted an empirical model for investigating rational decisionmaking, the Theory of Planned Behavior, for use in an interview format. Two additional data sources were used to triangulate our findings set out in seven assertions developed from the 52 pages of transcribed interviews. Our results call attention to the need for all three levels of education - state, district, and school - to cooperate in implementing science curriculum reform in Texas.

  10. A qualitative analysis of the impact of the reform of the College of Science undergraduate core curriculum at State University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ballotti, Dean

    The Dean of the College of Science at State University, a large public Midwestern research university, in a memo to the faculty and staff initiated what he called a "review" of the undergraduate science core curriculum. He formed a task force that was to investigate on three issues; a reassessment of the undergraduate core curriculum, the recruitment and retention of qualified undergraduate students with an emphasis on diversity, and strategies that would address these issues. The age of the curriculum, 40 years since the last significant change, was an important factor in the review of the curriculum. This qualitative study seeks to understand how a group of four administrators and five faculty, all from the College of Science, participated in the task force, perceived the old curriculum, and perceived the changes made and the resulting new curriculum. They were also asked to rank both the prior and new curricula. As part of an ongoing theme in higher education they were also asked if they thought the changes made to the curriculum qualified as reform and why or why not. This resulted in a discussion of what a reform might look like at State University and ultimately a definition of reform.

  11. Using Qualitative and Quantitative Assessment to Develop a Patient Safety Curriculum for Surgical Residents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKee, Rohini; Sussman, Andrew L; Nelson, M Timothy; Russell, John C

    2016-01-01

    The objective is to use qualitative and quantitative analysis to develop a patient safety curriculum for surgical residents. A prospective study of surgical residents using both quantitative and qualitative methods to craft a patient safety curriculum. Both a survey and focus groups were held before and 4 months after delivery of the patient safety curriculum. The University of New Mexico Hospital, a tertiary academic medical center. General surgery residents, postgraduate years 1 to 5 RESULTS: Qualitative and quantitative analysis revealed areas that required attention and thus helped to mold the curriculum. Qualitative analysis after delivery of the curriculum showed positive changes in attitudes and normative beliefs toward patient safety. Specifically, attitudes and approach to quality improvement and teamwork showed improvement. Survey analysis did not show any significant change in resident perception of the environment during the time frame of this study. Using qualitative analysis to uncover attitudinal barriers to a safe patient environment can help to enhance the relevance and content of a patient safety curriculum for general surgery residents. Copyright © 2016 Association of Program Directors in Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  12. The importance of an ethics curriculum in surgical education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keune, Jason D; Kodner, Ira J

    2014-07-01

    The nature of surgical work provides fertile ground in which ethical problems can grow. The concept of what it means to be a "good surgeon" includes the ability to reason and deliberate about how the surgeon's unique technical capabilities integrate with larger society. Ethics education at the resident level is important for several reasons. It can ensure that care is delivered in a socially and ethically responsible manner through global and emergent effects on institutions and traditions. It will prepare residents for leadership positions. It can allow residents to confront issues, such as the scientific underdetermination of surgical practice, the application of new technologies to trusting patients that have been developed by for-profit companies, and a surgical environment that is becoming increasingly institutionalized. Resident ethics education provides the opportunity for a model of collective deliberation to be developed that can be used to make sense of ethical problems as they arise.

  13. Teachers' Perceptions of the Recent Curriculum Reforms and Their Implementation: What Can We Learn from the Case of Korean Elementary Teachers?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Minjeong; Sung, Youl-Kwan

    2013-01-01

    This study examines: 1) how Korean elementary school teachers perceive recent curriculum reforms; 2) where their perceptions emanate from; and 3) what support teachers need in order to implement curriculum reforms actively and effectively. This study has shown that teachers generally harbour negative and unconstructive feelings about curriculum…

  14. The Role of Curriculum Resources in Three Countries: The Impact of National Curriculum Reforms in the United Kingdom, the United States of America, and Australia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watt, Michael G.

    2004-01-01

    This project examines the impact of standards-based and curriculum reforms on the role of materials in educational systems in the United Kingdom, the United States of America, and Australia. The project focused on identifying activities undertaken by publishing companies and in educational systems to develop, select and use materials in the…

  15. Evolving a common surgical curriculum for ASEAN nations with a public health approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lum, Siew Kheong

    2013-03-01

    The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Mutual Recognition Arrangement (MRA) on medical practitioners' agreement will become a reality in the year 2015. Doctors registered in one ASEAN country will be given reciprocal recognition in another country under this agreement. Rapid and excessive movement of human resources between countries in a short span of time is undesirable and can be destabilizing. The surgical fraternity in the ASEAN countries should plan for a common surgical curriculum, a common examination and an ASEAN Board of Surgery so that standards of future trainees in different countries are comparable. The curriculum should take into consideration the diversity of the countries in socio-economic development. Ideally, it should be based on a public health approach to bring affordable quality surgical care to the masses in an efficient and effective manner.

  16. Curriculum Reform of English and American Literature Appreciation%英美文学欣赏的课程改革

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋杨

    2015-01-01

    Throughout the situation of English and American literature appreciation course, this paper aims at implementing curriculum reform of English and American literature appreciation, strengthening the thinking of English and American literature appreciation course reform.%通过纵观英美文学欣赏课程的现状,落实英美文学欣赏的课程改革,加强对英美文学欣赏课程改革的思考。

  17. A Framework for Curriculum Reform: Re-designing a Curriculum for Self-directed Language Learning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katherine Thornton

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Welcome to this new SiSAL column, which will examine a long-term project conducted at one institution in depth over several issues. The focus of this column will be the curriculum design project currently being undertaken at the Self-Access Learning Centre (SALC at Kanda University of International Studies (KUIS in Chiba, Japan. In my role as Academic Coordinator of the SALC from 2011-2013, I was in charge of leading this project in its initial stages, before I moved institution. As editor, it is from this perspective, as someone familiar but no longer directly involved in the project, that I hope to collate and introduce a number of columns from the learning advisors and teachers who are conducting the research and designing the new self-directed learning curriculum. In this first installment, a revision of an earlier article which first appeared in the IATEFL Learner Autonomy SIG newsletter, Independence, (Thornton, 2012 I present the background to the project, the framework used to guide it and the results of the first stage, the environment analysis.

  18. Scientists in the classroom: Curriculum reform and the Cold War, 1949--1963

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rudolph, John Laurence

    This dissertation focuses on the origins of the National Science Foundation-supported curriculum reform movement of the 1950s and 1960s. Using the Physical Science Study Committee (PSSC) and the Biological Sciences Curriculum Study (BSCS) as exemplars of the curriculum projects that proliferated during this era, this work provides a historical analysis of the shift in school curriculum from the life adjustment, functional approach to schooling prevalent after World War II to the discipline-centered approach characteristic of the 1960s. Important factors in this shift include the rising technological threat posed by the Soviet Union along with the Red Scare in the United States, which aroused public suspicion of the ideological underpinnings of the life adjustment curricular program. The efforts of the scientific elite to develop new science curricula were welcomed as a means to combat both the technological threat of the Soviets and, through science's identification with free inquiry and democracy, the ideological threat of communism. This dissertation specifically illustrates how the key elements of the new science curriculum materials---the focus on inquiry, laboratory work, and instructional technology---were shaped by the social and political atmosphere of the Cold War and how those elements were designed to advance the interests of the American scientific community in the postwar period. This social and political atmosphere, this work argues, was not only responsible for moving science instruction away from an emphasis on the every-day applications of science toward the disciplinary structure of scientific knowledge, but also contributed to a fundamental restructuring of the substantive content of the scientific knowledge itself that made up the subject matter of the new curricula.

  19. UNIVERSITY TEACHING: reflections on reforms in curriculum course in Geography degree in University Teaching of Mozambique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suzete Lourenco Buquê

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT: This work focuses the reforms occurred in the curriculum course of Degree course in teaching of Geography in the Pedagogic University of Mozambique, with the objective to analyse what changed, looking identifying the direction paradigmatic to what the change points as well as his implications for the teaching work in the University. The analysis is based on documentary research and in my experience as a witness of the two curriculum reform .The result of the reform of curricula points to an overcoming of the traditional paradigm. However, it constitutes a very big challenge for the teachers in his implementation, which passes over the openness of the teacher to new apprenticeships and the recognition of others specialist, in the sense of understanding joined what can contribute in the positive form in the formation of the future teachers. RESUMO: Este artigo debruça-se sobre as reformas ocorridas no Currículo de Licenciatura em Geografia na Universidade Pedagógica de Moçambique. Este tem como objetivo analisar o que mudou, buscando identificar a direção paradigmática que a mudança aponta bem como suas implicações para o trabalho docente na Universidade. O discurso que consta do plano curricular e outros documentos orientadores resultantes da reforma apontam para uma superação do paradigma Cartesiano. No entanto, considera-se que, a implementação das propostas constitui um grande desafio para os docentes, o que passa, pela formação, abertura para novas aprendizagens e abordagens e, ainda o reconhecimento de outros docentes e especialistas, tanto da sua área ,assim como, de outras, no sentido de entender que juntos podem contribuir de forma positiva na formação dos futuros professores.

  20. Cognitive development in introductory physics: A research-based approach to curriculum reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teodorescu, Raluca Elena

    This project describes the research on a classification of physics problems in the context of introductory physics courses. This classification, called the Taxonomy of Introductory Physics Problems (TIPP), relates physics problems to the cognitive processes required to solve them. TIPP was created for designing and clarifying educational objectives, for developing assessments that can evaluate individual component processes of the problem-solving process, and for guiding curriculum design in introductory physics courses, specifically within the context of a "thinking-skills" curriculum. TIPP relies on the following resources: (1) cognitive research findings adopted by physics education research, (2) expert-novice research discoveries acknowledged by physics education research, (3) an educational psychology taxonomy for educational objectives, and (4) various collections of physics problems created by physics education researchers or developed by textbook authors. TIPP was used in the years 2006--2008 to reform the first semester of the introductory algebra-based physics course (called Phys 11) at The George Washington University. The reform sought to transform our curriculum into a "thinking-skills" curriculum that trades "breadth for depth" by focusing on fewer topics while targeting the students' cognitive development. We employed existing research on the physics problem-solving expert-novice behavior, cognitive science and behavioral science findings, and educational psychology recommendations. Our pedagogy relies on didactic constructs such as the GW-ACCESS problem-solving protocol, learning progressions and concept maps that we have developed and implemented in our introductory physics course. These tools were designed based on TIPP. Their purpose is: (1) to help students build local and global coherent knowledge structures, (2) to develop more context-independent problem-solving abilities, (3) to gain confidence in problem solving, and (4) to establish

  1. Early Childhood Curriculum Reform in China: Perspectives from Examining Teachers' Beliefs and Practices in Chinese Literacy Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Hui; Wang, X. Christine; Wong, Jessie Ming Sin

    2011-01-01

    Two waves of reform have been conducted in China since the 1980s to transform its early childhood curriculum into a Western-style, progressive model. Western curricula and programs such as the Montessori method, the project approach, the Reggio Emilia method, and the high/scope method have been imported and adopted all over the country. But the…

  2. A Case Study of the Pedagogical Tensions in Teacher's Questioning Practices When Implementing Reform-Based Mathematics Curriculum in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dong, Lianchun; Seah, Wee Tiong; Clarke, David

    2015-01-01

    This study examines a teacher's questioning strategies in mathematics classrooms in China when implementing reform-based mathematics curriculum. It explores teacher's strategies to deal with the tensions involved in the creation of opportunities for students to express and communicate mathematics ideas while ensuring the productivity of…

  3. A Tale of Two Generations: Creativity Growth and Gender Differences over a Period of Education and Curriculum Reforms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheung, Ping Chung; Lau, Sing

    2013-01-01

    The Wallach-Kogan Creativity Tests were translated into Chinese and later fully computerized for research in Hong Kong. The normative data of two cohorts (1994 and 2002) of school children were employed to test the hypothesis that growth in creative thinking occurs in a society or culture during a period of education and curriculum reforms that…

  4. 课程改革中传统与创新的思索%The Traditional and Innovative Thinking in Curriculum Reform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    严苏凤

    2011-01-01

    课程改革一场教学文化的变革,反思课程改革认识的误区、理念到行动的转变,对于我们进一步深化课程改革具有重要的现实意义.%The curriculum reform is a teaching cultural change. Reflecting the misunderstanding, concept and the action change of the curriculum reform has important practical significance for us to further deepen the curriculum reform.

  5. A literature review of professionalism in surgical education: suggested components for development of a curriculum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deptula, Peter; Chun, Maria B J

    2013-01-01

    While it is evident that a surgeon must master medical knowledge and technical skill, there are other "soft skills" that are essential to a successful surgeon. One of these skills is professionalism. The challenge in surgical education lies in developing an effective professionalism curriculum and a related method of evaluation. Our review updates the literature and provides recommendations for improving instruction and evaluation of professionalism. A literature review was conducted using PubMed, Google Scholar, and Web of Knowledge. We restricted our search to documents published from 2009 to 2012 that address methods of teaching and tools for assessing professionalism in surgical education. Sixty-three documents were reviewed, with 14 fitting our search criteria for professionalism in surgical education completely. Other articles focused on the topics of professionalism in surgery, medical professionalism, and professionalism education in medical specialties other than surgery. Development of a professionalism curriculum for surgical residents might begin with defining professionalism in terms of tangible behaviors. The program might also include a precurriculum preparatory course and simulation-based training. Residency programs must also maintain professionalism among its faculty. Assessment in the form of multisource feedback that is consistent with observable behavioral definitions of professionalism should also be considered in evaluating resident professionalism. Copyright © 2013 Association of Program Directors in Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  6. REFORMATION OF THE PRESENT CURRICULUM OF THE PRE-UNIVERSITY EDUCATION ACCORDING TO THE COMPETENCE – BASED APPROACH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhuljeta Cinga

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Up to the present the efforts to raise the quality of the Albanian educational system have been focused mostly in the direction of the content of the school curriculum, delivery of knowledge through the standards, as well as in the direction of instructional plans and programs. These achievements have been insufficient for raising the quality of the contemporary education, a fact that was also noticed by the Program for International Student Assessment (PISA. 60% of students in Albania did not complete the second level of PISA. The curriculum compilers 2014 using the best international research and practice data in educational field raised the problem of the preceding curriculum, which they characterized as a curriculum traditional in essence. The aim of this work is to argue the proposals of the curriculum compilers for “a curriculum which creates conditions and supports the competence development” through competence mastering, focusing on the students,  needs and demands for education, learning in situations and knowledge building from the students, against a curriculum centered in instructional objectives and focused on the subject content acquirement.Considering the fast rhythm of knowledge explosion in the society of technology and knowledge, the new developments in the work market, changes in conceptions in the learning process, the necessity of reformation of a curriculum “after the competence-based approach” will be argued.

  7. American College of Surgeons/Association for Surgical Education medical student simulation-based surgical skills curriculum needs assessment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glass, Charity C; Acton, Robert D; Blair, Patrice G; Campbell, Andre R; Deutsch, Ellen S; Jones, Daniel B; Liscum, Kathleen R; Sachdeva, Ajit K; Scott, Daniel J; Yang, Stephen C

    2014-02-01

    Simulation can enhance learning effectiveness, efficiency, and patient safety and is engaging for learners. A survey was conducted of surgical clerkship directors nationally and medical students at 5 medical schools to rank and stratify simulation-based educational topics. Students applying to surgery were compared with others using Wilcoxon's rank-sum tests. Seventy-three of 163 clerkship directors (45%) and 231 of 872 students (26.5%) completed the survey. Of students, 28.6% were applying for surgical residency training. Clerkship directors and students generally agreed on the importance and timing of specific educational topics. Clerkship directors tended to rank basic skills, such as examination skills, higher than medical students. Students ranked procedural skills, such as lumbar puncture, more highly than clerkship directors. Surgery clerkship directors and 4th-year medical students agree substantially about the content of a simulation-based curriculum, although 4th-year medical students recommended that some topics be taught earlier than the clerkship directors recommended. Students planning to apply to surgical residencies did not differ significantly in their scoring from students pursuing nonsurgical specialties. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. Resistance to change in surgical residency: an ethnographic study of work hours reform.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kellogg, Katherine C; Breen, Elizabeth; Ferzoco, Stephen J; Zinner, Michael J; Ashley, Stanley W

    2006-04-01

    Although the practical challenges to work hour restrictions have been the focus of much discussion, cultural resistance to such change has received less attention. Surgical residency has its own unique social structure, and we hypothesized that challenges to this would provide impediments to successful implementation of duty hours reform. We used ethnographic research methods to study the efforts at work hour restriction over a 15-month period before the introduction of the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education regulations. These methods, validated for studying institutional change, build on intense periods of observation. Records of observations are then analyzed and coded to uncover cultural and political challenges. The frequency of successful hand-offs in sign-out situations between day and night float residents was measured as an objective index of success. Practical issues were addressed initially by scheduling adjustments including creating a night float system. The hand-offs that this system required, however, were successful only 14% of the time. Subsequent steps to address the challenge to resident identity by top-down support of a new definition of professionalism increased the number of successful hand-offs to 39%. Finally, a reduction in a noted hierarchy violation led to successful hand-offs 79% of the time. These results demonstrate that practical solutions alone may not be a sufficient basis for change in surgical residency. While we face other challenges to the traditional surgical culture, attention to social and political issues may enhance the success of our efforts.

  9. Robotic Pancreatoduodenectomy Biotissue Curriculum has Validity and Improves Technical Performance for Surgical Oncology Fellows.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tam, Vernissia; Zenati, Mazen; Novak, Stephanie; Chen, Yong; Zureikat, Amer H; Zeh, Herbert J; Hogg, Melissa E

    2017-06-01

    Obtaining the proficiency on the robotic platform necessary to safely perform a robotic pancreatoduodenectomy is particularly challenging. We hypothesize that by instituting a proficiency-based robotic training curriculum we can enhance novice surgeons' skills outside of the operating room, leading to a shorter learning curve. A biotissue curriculum was designed consisting of sewing artificial organs to simulate a hepaticojejunostomy (HJ), gastrojejunostomy (GJ), and pancreaticojejunostomy (PJ). Three master robotic surgeons performed each biotissue anastomosis to assess validity. Using video review, trainee performance on biotissue drills was evaluated for time, errors and objective structured assessment of technical skills (OSATS) by 2 blinded graders. This study is conducted at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (Pittsburgh, PA), a tertiary care academic teaching hospital. In total, 14 surgical oncology fellows completed the biotissue curriculum. Fourteen fellows performed 196 anastomotic drills during the first year: 66 (HJ), 64 (GJ), and 66 (PJ). The fellows' performances were analyzed as a group by attempt. The attendings' first attempt outperformed the fellows' first attempt in all metrics for every drill (all p < 0.05). More than 5 analyzed attempts of the HJ, there was improvement in time, errors, and OSATS (all p < 0.01); however, no metric reached attending performance. For the GJ, time, errors, and OSATS all improved more than 5 attempts (all p < 0.01), whereas only errors and OSATS reached proficiency. For the PJ, errors and OSATS both improved over attempts (p < 0.01) and reached proficiency; however, time did not statistically improve nor reach proficiency. The graders scoring correlated for errors and OSATS (p < 0.0001). A pancreatoduodenectomy biotissue curriculum has face and construct validity. The curriculum is feasible and improves errors and technical performance. Time is the most difficult technical parameter to improve. This

  10. Foreign Languages to Be Taught at School from Age Seven Planned national curriculum reforms also encourage science learning through study of nature

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jeevan Vasagar

    2012-01-01

    All children are to be taught a foreign language--which could include Mandarin, Latin or Greek~rom the age of seven under reforms to the national curriculum being unveiled by the education secretary, Michael Gove

  11. 近世代数课程教学改革%Teaching Reform of Modern Algebra Curriculum

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    倪岚; 蔡吉花

    2015-01-01

    Modern Algebra Curriculum is one basis course of the mathematics major, playing a connecting role in Teach-ing. This paper discusses the necessity of teaching reform of modern algebra Curriculum by some aspects, and talks some experiences.%近世代数课程是高校数学专业重要的基础课程,在教学中起承上启下作用。本文从几个方面探讨了近世代数课程教学改革的必要性,并浅谈了自己的一些体会。

  12. An Exploration of Teacher Learning from an Educative Reform-Oriented Science Curriculum: Case Studies of Teacher Curriculum Use

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marco-Bujosa, Lisa M.; McNeill, Katherine L.; González-Howard, María; Loper, Suzanna

    2017-01-01

    Educative curriculum materials provide teachers with authentic opportunities to learn new skills and practices. Yet, research shows teachers use curriculum in different ways for different reasons, and these modifications could undermine the learning goals of the curriculum. Little research, however, has examined the variation in teacher use of…

  13. An Exploration of Teacher Learning from an Educative Reform-Oriented Science Curriculum: Case Studies of Teacher Curriculum Use

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marco-Bujosa, Lisa M.; McNeill, Katherine L.; González-Howard, María; Loper, Suzanna

    2017-01-01

    Educative curriculum materials provide teachers with authentic opportunities to learn new skills and practices. Yet, research shows teachers use curriculum in different ways for different reasons, and these modifications could undermine the learning goals of the curriculum. Little research, however, has examined the variation in teacher use of…

  14. Reforming the 4th-Year Curriculum as a Springboard to Graduate Medical Training: One School's Experiences and Lessons Learned.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wackett, Andrew; Daroowalla, Feroza; Lu, Wei-Hsin; Chandran, Latha

    2016-01-01

    Concerns regarding the quality of training in the 4th year of medical school and preparation of graduates to enter residency education persist and are borne out in the literature. We reviewed the published literature regarding Year 4 concerns as well as institutional efforts to improve the 4th-year curriculum from several schools. Based on input from key stakeholders, we established 4 goals for our Year 4 curriculum reform: (a) standardize the curricular structure, (b) allow flexibility and individualization, (c) improve the preparation for residency, and (d) improve student satisfaction. After the reform, we evaluated the outcomes using results from the Association of American Medical Colleges Questionnaire, student focus groups, and program director surveys. This article describes the context, process, and outcomes of the reform of the Year 4 curriculum at Stony Brook University School of Medicine. We were able to achieve all four stated goals for the reform. The significant components of the change included a flexible adaptable curriculum based on individual needs and preferences, standardized learning objectives across the year, standardized competency-based evaluations regardless of discipline, reinforcement of clinical skills, and training for the transition to the workplace as an intern. The reform resulted in increased student satisfaction, increased elective time, and increased preparedness for residency training as perceived by the graduates. The Program Director survey showed significant changes in ability to perform a medical history and exam, management of common medical conditions and emergencies, clinical reasoning and problem-solving skills, working and communication with the healthcare team, and overall professionalism in meeting obligations inherent in the practice of medicine. Lessons learned from our 4th-year reform process are discussed. Listening to the needs of the stakeholders was an important step in ensuring buy-in, having an institutional

  15. Arthroscopic Shoulder Surgical Simulation Training Curriculum: Transfer Reliability and Maintenance of Skill Over Time.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunn, John C; Belmont, Philip J; Lanzi, Joseph; Martin, Kevin; Bader, Julia; Owens, Brett; Waterman, Brian R

    2015-01-01

    Surgical education is evolving as work hour constraints limit the exposure of residents to the operating room. Potential consequences may include erosion of resident education and decreased quality of patient care. Surgical simulation training has become a focus of study in an effort to counter these challenges. Previous studies have validated the use of arthroscopic surgical simulation programs both in vitro and in vivo. However, no study has examined if the gains made by residents after a simulation program are retained after a period away from training. In all, 17 orthopedic surgery residents were randomized into simulation or standard practice groups. All subjects were oriented to the arthroscopic simulator, a 14-point anatomic checklist, and Arthroscopic Surgery Skill Evaluation Tool (ASSET). The experimental group received 1 hour of simulation training whereas the control group had no additional training. All subjects performed a recorded, diagnostic arthroscopy intraoperatively. These videos were scored by 2 blinded, fellowship-trained orthopedic surgeons and outcome measures were compared within and between the groups. After 1 year in which neither group had exposure to surgical simulation training, all residents were retested intraoperatively and scored in the exact same fashion. Individual surgical case logs were reviewed and surgical case volume was documented. There was no difference between the 2 groups after initial simulation testing and there was no correlation between case volume and initial scores. After training, the simulation group improved as compared with baseline in mean ASSET (p = 0.023) and mean time to completion (p = 0.01). After 1 year, there was no difference between the groups in any outcome measurements. Although individual technical skills can be cultivated with surgical simulation training, these advancements can be lost without continued education. It is imperative that residency programs implement a simulation curriculum and

  16. Teachers' sense-making of curriculum structures and its impact on the implementation of an innovative reform-based science curriculum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beckford-Smart, Meredith

    different teacher stories shaped their teaching practices and enactment of science curriculum. Curriculum developers and policy makers struggle to understand how their messages can be communicated clearly to their readers and users. Many argue that curriculum materials are not used the way they are intended. Others argue the messages read from policy and curriculum materials and artifacts are ambiguous and unclear. This study did not argue that teachers do not use the curriculum materials correctly. This study focused on teachers' sense-making of curriculum materials so we can get a better understanding of the role curriculum resources can play in reform.

  17. 刍议新课改下大学体育教学改革与实践探索%Exploration and practice of University sports teaching reform under the new curriculum reform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈伟

    2013-01-01

    The curriculum reform of higher education, the university physical education is also facing great challenges. In order to meet the requirements of the new curriculum reform, conforms to the university sports curriculum teaching requirements of the new curriculum reform, universities began to develop the reform and practice of the new PE curriculum for teaching, this paper analyzes and introduces the necessity and practical exploration of the reform of university sports teaching under the new curriculum.%  高等教育的课程标准改革后,当前大学体育教学也面临着很大的挑战。为了达到新课改的要求,符合新课改对大学体育课程教学的要求,各大高校开始对体育课程教学进行了全新的改革和实践探索,本文对新课改下大学体育教学改革的必要性以及实践探索进行了分析和介绍。

  18. Correlations between Academic Achievement and Anxiety and Depression in Medical Students Experiencing Integrated Curriculum Reform

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yi-Chun Yeh

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to examine the correlations between academic achievement and levels of anxiety and depression in medical students who were experiencing curriculum reform. The differences in academic achievement and the directions of correlations between academic achievement and anxiety and depression among the medical students with different levels of anxiety and depression were also examined. Grade 1 students from graduate-entry program and grade 3 students from undergraduate-entry program in their first semester of the new curriculum were recruited to complete the Zung's Anxiety and Depression Scale twice to examine their levels of anxiety and depression. Their academic achievement ratings in the four blocks of the first semester of the new curriculum were collected. The results indicated that no significant correlation was found between academic achievement and global anxiety and depression. However, by dividing the medical students into low, moderate and high level anxiety or depression groups, those who had poorer academic achievement in the first learning block were more likely to have higher levels of depression in the first psychologic assessment. Among the medical students who were in the high anxiety level group in the first psychologic assessment, those who had more severe anxiety had poorer academic achievement in the fourth learning block. Among the medical students who were in the low anxiety level group in the second psychologic assessment, those who had more severe anxiety had better academic achievement in the fourth learning block. Among the medical students who were in the moderate anxiety level group in the second psychologic assessment, those who had more severe anxiety had poorer academic achievement in the second learning block. Among the medical students who were in the high depression level group in the second psychologic assessment, those who had more severe depression had poorer academic achievement in the fourth

  19. Improvement in medical students' communication and interpersonal skills as evaluated by patient satisfaction questionnaire after curriculum reform.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oda, Yasutomo; Onishi, Hirotaka; Sakemi, Takanobu; Fujimoto, Kazuma; Koizumi, Shunzo

    2014-07-01

    Fifteen years of undergraduate medical education curriculum reform at Saga Medical School was evaluated by measuring medical students' communication and interpersonal skills with a patient satisfaction questionnaire developed by the American Board of Internal Medicine. A multiphase cross-sectional study was conducted at the General Medicine Clinic of Saga Medical School Hospital in phase I (1998-1999), phase II (2001-2002), and phase III (2009-2010). A total of 1,963 patient ratings for 437 medical students' performance was analyzed. The average scores of phases II and III were significantly higher than for phase I. The average score of female students showed a significant difference between phases I and II, but no difference between phases II and III. The average score of male students showed no difference between phases I and II, but significant difference between phases II and III. The phase II curriculum introduced basic clinical skills and examination and improved female students' performance. The phase III curriculum was effective for male students because it emphasized the clinical skill program more and introduced problem-based learning. Curriculum reform at Saga Medical School is considered to have made good progress in improving students' clinical competence and patient-centered attitudes.

  20. Issues and challenges of curriculum reform to competency-based curricula in Africa: A meta-synthesis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muraraneza, Claudine; Mtshali, Ntombifikile Gloria; Mukamana, Donatilla

    2017-03-01

    Although in recent decades reforms to undergraduate nursing and midwifery education have increasingly been guided by the concept of competency-based curriculum in a drive to produce competent graduates in the African context, the topic remains poorly researched in-depth. The related issues and challenges need to be explored in the interest of evidence-based practice. This article stems from a systematic review of qualitative literature on the design and implementation of competency-based curriculum. Data was inductively analyzed using constant comparison. The two categories that emerged were: (i) the need for a paradigm shift to competency-based curriculum; and (ii) the associated issues and challenges, such as a shift from informative to transformative learning, lack or limited of involvement of key stakeholders in curriculum development, focus on hospital-oriented education, lack of preparation of educators, and inappropriate resources. While ongoing reform of nursing and midwifery education continues, much still needs to be done - in particular, extensive financial investment to increase the capacity of educators, mentors and infrastructure, and the development of collaborative frameworks between nursing and midwifery and higher educational councils.

  1. Mapping the Future: Towards Oncology Curriculum Reform in Undergraduate Medical Education at a Canadian Medical School

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kwan, Jennifer Y.Y. [School of Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, Queen' s University, Kingston, Ontario (Canada); Nyhof-Young, Joyce [Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Catton, Pamela [Department of Radiation Oncology, Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Giuliani, Meredith E., E-mail: Meredith.Giuliani@rmp.uhn.on.ca [Department of Radiation Oncology, Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, Toronto, Ontario (Canada)

    2015-03-01

    Purpose: To evaluate (1) the quantity and quality of current undergraduate oncology teaching at a major Canadian medical school; and (2) curricular changes over the past decade, to enhance local oncology education and provide insight for other educators. Methods and Materials: Relevant 2011-2012 undergraduate curricular sessions were extracted from the University of Toronto curriculum mapping database using keywords and database identifiers. Educational sessions were analyzed according to Medical Council of Canada objectives, discussion topics, instructor qualifications, teaching format, program year, and course subject. Course-related oncology research projects performed by students during 2000 to 2012 were extracted from another internal database. Elective choices of clerks during 2008-2014 were retrieved from the institution. The 2011-2012 and 2000-2001 curricula were compared using common criteria. Results: The 2011-2012 curriculum covers 5 major themes (public health, cancer biology, diagnosis, principles of care, and therapy), which highlight 286 oncology teaching topics within 80 sessions. Genitourinary (10, 12.5%), gynecologic (8, 10.0%), and gastrointestinal cancers (7.9, 9.8%) were the most commonly taught cancers. A minority of sessions were taught by surgical oncologists (6.5, 8.1%), medical oncologists (2.5, 3.1%), and radiation oncologists (1, 1.2%). During 2000-2012, 9.0% of students (233 of 2578) opted to complete an oncology research project. During 2008-2014, oncology electives constituted 2.2% of all clerkship elective choices (209 of 9596). Compared with pre-2001 curricula, the 2012 oncology curriculum shows notable expansion in the coverage of epidemiology (6:1 increase), prevention (4:1), screening (3:1), and molecular biology (6:1). Conclusions: The scope of the oncology curriculum has grown over the past decade. Nevertheless, further work is needed to improve medical student knowledge of cancers, particularly those relevant to public health

  2. Competency-based reforms of the undergraduate biology curriculum: integrating the physical and biological sciences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thompson, Katerina V; Chmielewski, Jean; Gaines, Michael S; Hrycyna, Christine A; LaCourse, William R

    2013-06-01

    The National Experiment in Undergraduate Science Education project funded by the Howard Hughes Medical Institute is a direct response to the Scientific Foundations for Future Physicians report, which urged a shift in premedical student preparation from a narrow list of specific course work to a more flexible curriculum that helps students develop broad scientific competencies. A consortium of four universities is working to create, pilot, and assess modular, competency-based curricular units that require students to use higher-order cognitive skills and reason across traditional disciplinary boundaries. Purdue University; the University of Maryland, Baltimore County; and the University of Miami are each developing modules and case studies that integrate the biological, chemical, physical, and mathematical sciences. The University of Maryland, College Park, is leading the effort to create an introductory physics for life sciences course that is reformed in both content and pedagogy. This course has prerequisites of biology, chemistry, and calculus, allowing students to apply strategies from the physical sciences to solving authentic biological problems. A comprehensive assessment plan is examining students' conceptual knowledge of physics, their attitudes toward interdisciplinary approaches, and the development of specific scientific competencies. Teaching modules developed during this initial phase will be tested on multiple partner campuses in preparation for eventual broad dissemination.

  3. Teachers' Competence Construction Based on the Curriculum Reform%基于中职课程改革的教师胜任能力建构

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金东梅

    2012-01-01

    Secondary vocational education curriculum system and the implementation of this curriculum system,financial,material and information support and security system needs to disruptive land reform.In this reform,the teacher as a reformer,but also reformed.This is a very sensitive issue and must be addressed.Vocational education teachers must not only have the courage and confidence of the curriculum reform,but also to have the skills and methods of curriculum reform and the implementation of the capacity of the new curriculum system.%中等职业教育课程体系和实施这一课程体系的人、财、物和信息支撑与保障体系需要颠覆性的改革。在这一改革中,教师即是改革者,也是被改革者。这是一个十分敏感而又必须解决的问题。职业教育教师不但要拥有课程改革的勇气和信心,更要具备课程改革的技能与方法以及实施新课程体系的能力。

  4. 课程改革的意识形态%An Analysis of the Ideology of Curriculum Reform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    焦炜

    2015-01-01

    意识形态是20世纪西方思想史上最具争议性的概念之一,也是课程改革政治学研究的核心内容。20世纪60年代以来,西方国家形形色色的新社会运动的发展以及各种课程意识形态观的形成,使得以往课程研究的线性、程序主义以及结构功能范式受到强烈的冲击。教育活动深藏着文化与政治意涵,课程是意识形态承载、表达与传递的方式。学校课程标准的制订、课程内容的选择与组织、课程结构以及课程评价等都充满了价值判断与意识形态,课程从来都是统治阶级权利意志、价值观念和意识形态的体现。关注课程政治学研究、课程的全球势力、国际意识形态对课程的影响以及课程变革过程中的权力关系将是未来课程改革政治学研究与意识形态分析的前沿议题和基本趋向。%Ideology ,one of the most controversial concepts in the western thought of 20th century ,is the core content of politics research of curriculum reform . Since 1960s , with the development of various social movement in western countries and the formation of the different concepts of curriculum ideology , the linear , proceduralism and structural functionalism paradigm of curriculum research has been strongly attacked . Education activity is full of hidden cultural and political implication , curriculum is a mean to carry ,express and transmit ideology . The process of formulating standards of school curriculum , selecting and organizing curriculum contents , determining the structure and the evaluation of curriculum embodies the value judgment and ideology . Curriculum has always reflected the rights , will , values and ideologies of the ruling class . The frontier issues and the basic trend in the future politics research and ideology analysis of curriculum reform are the politics research of classroom , the influence of international ideology on curriculum ,and the power relations in the

  5. Moral Appeal of Teacher Education Curriculum Reform%教师教育课程改革的道德诉求

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵垣可

    2016-01-01

    师德建设面临的现实挑战、国家一系列教育政策的推动以及教师教育课程改革自身的要求推动着人们关注教师教育课程改革过程中的道德伦理价值。现今大多数教师教育课程改革面临着道德经验不足、改革的道德正当性缺失、改革的领导模式封闭、改革中带有“绩效表现色彩”的形式化和功利化趋势等问题。关注教育课程改革的道德诉求应将社会主义核心价值观纳入教师教育课程体系,加强民主决策,凝聚价值共识,警惕改革阻挠及风险,恪守道德领导。%The challenges of the construction of teachers' morality, the promotion of a series of national educational policies, and the demands of the curriculum reform of teacher education promote the moral and ethical values of the curriculum reform of teacher education. Most of today's teacher education curriculum reform is facing a lack of experience, moral reform, lack of moral legitimacy reform leadership model closed, and reform with the"performance of color"formalization and utilitarian tendency. Attention to the moral appeal of education curriculum reform should be included in the socialist core values into the curriculum system of teacher education, strengthen democratic decision-making, gather consensus of value, guard against the reform of obstruction and risk, and abide by the moral leadership.

  6. Curriculum development in studio-style university physics and implications for dissemination of research-based reforms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foote, Kathleen T.

    2016-06-01

    Over the past few decades, a growing body of evidence demonstrates that students learn best in engaging, interactive, collaborative, and inquiry-based environments. However, most college science classes are still taught with traditional methods suggesting the existing selection of research-based instructional materials has not widely transformed undergraduate education. SCALE-UP is a renovated pedagogy and classroom environment that has achieved a greater impact than most, used extensively throughout the United States and abroad. SCALE-UP is not a simple collection of lesson plans or a textbook that can be easily adopted, and instead instructors are encouraged to customize main pedagogical principles to their unique instructional situation. This flexibility along with promotion of instructor autonomy may have assisted its spread. This paper uses case studies of five successful secondary implementations in the United States to examine how instructors gather information about reform, create a curriculum, and achieve sustained use. Many people learned about research-based resources that formed the composite of their curricula through interpersonal connections. Time constraints and misunderstandings between developers and instructors limited which resources were chosen and how they were used. Once instructors created a "working form" of the curriculum, three out of five instructors did not make significant changes. This could lead to the preservation of a more conservative curriculum. Implications include that disseminators should articulate core principles of the reform that should be retained to uphold the integrity of the reform as well as the areas where adopters have flexibility to innovate. Strategically involving other secondary users in the dissemination process could facilitate important interpersonal exchanges that could provide an additional layer of support for faculty.

  7. On Reform of Physical Education Curriculum in China%基础教育体育课程改革探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王学敏; 董德朋; 刘志强

    2015-01-01

    This article has analyzed a large number of documents about the reform of elementary physical education curriculum ,from the point of view of physical education curriculum reform in Chinese historical development background ,the reality situation of current sports curriculum has been analyzed ,it points out that the existing problems are :care for this and lose that for PE curriculum concept ,curriculum teaching goal lacking substance (virtual problems ) ,curriculum standard is too formal ,and further analysis point out that “curriculum subjects” should be pay attention to the fact ,curriculum ideas focus on the unity of the innovation and the reform of the teaching methods ,by this ,hoping to deepen people to think about the sports curriculum reform understanding and the deeper .%在对基础教育体育课程改革文献资料进行归纳分析的基础上,从体育课程改革的历史发展背景出发,剖析当前体育课程改革的现实境遇,指出其存在的问题主要有体育课程理念的顾此失彼、课程教学目标的虚化问题突出、课程实施过于拘泥形式等;认为课程目标应重实在,课程理念与教学方式的变革为改革基本方向。

  8. Research on the Curriculum Reform of Normal Education under the Background of New Curriculum%新课标背景下师范教育课程改革体系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭顺平

    2015-01-01

    以师范教育课程改革的概念简介为切入点展开分析,接着简要论述师范教育课程改革的重要性,最后从实现师范课程内容的多元化、课程结构的体系化以及课程设置的实效化三个角度详细阐述新课标背景下对师范教育课程改革的研究。%This paper makes an analysis of the concept of curriculum reform of normal education,briefly discusses the importance of the curriculum reform of normal education and finally illustrates the research on the curriculum reform of normal education under the background of new curriculum from aspects of the diversity of normal curriculum content,the system of normal curriculum structure and the effectiveness of normal curriculum design.

  9. The high School Mathematics Classroom Teaching Under the New Curriculum Reform%浅谈新课改下的高中数学课堂教学

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许梅华

    2014-01-01

    课堂教学改革是课改的落脚点和支撑点,也是新课改的攻坚之处,教师的课堂教学行为不改变,课改成功就是一句空话。在新课程改革下,怎样搞好课堂教学,值得广大教育者思考。%The classroom teaching refo rm is the curriculum goal and the supporting point of new curriculum reform,but also the key points. If the teachers’ teaching behavior does not change,the success of course reform will be an empty word. Under the new curriculum reform,it is worth thinking about how to improve the classroom teaching.

  10. 基于项目课程理论的高校篮球课程改革%College basketball curriculum reform based on project curriculum theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董伦红; 饶英

    2013-01-01

    Based on epistemology and learning psychology, the authors analyzed the current situation of college bas-ketball teaching in China. The reasons for the poor practical effect of basketball teaching in China are as follows:cur-riculum contents were organized under the disciplinary system mode;failure to understand the relationship between skill and ability;failure to profoundly grasp the profound connotations and spiritual essence of the curriculum. Based on project curriculum theory, the authors put forward the following measures for college basketball curriculum teaching reform:routinize basketball curriculum contents into such 4 projects as ground offense, shifting from offense to de-fense, ground defense, and shifting from defense to offense;establish semester curriculum contents according to the 4 projects respectively;develop semester basketball curriculum contents in the order of project-task-knowledge;im-plement teaching according to the classroom teaching and extracurricular activity integrated curriculum teaching mode.%以知识论和学习心理学为基础,分析我国高校篮球教学现状。我国篮球教学实践效果不佳的原因是篮球教学以学科体系模式组织课程内容,没有理解技能与能力的关系,没有深刻领会课程的深刻内涵和精神实质。基于项目课程理论提出高校篮球课程教学改革的措施:把篮球课程内容序化为阵地进攻、从攻转守、阵地防守和从守转攻等4个项目;按4个项目分别构建学期课程内容;按项目-任务-知识的顺序进行学期篮球课程内容开发;按课堂教学与课外活动一体化课程教学模式实施教学。

  11. 课程代价视域下体育与健康课程改革研究%Research on Sports Curriculum Reform under the Course Price

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张丹

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, using the method of literature, analysis, induction and logic reasoning method, cost theory as the instruction, with course analysis of the roll of physical education curriculum reform, physical education and health curriculum reform"light heavy humanities, education, athletics, entertainment, games, light skills"of solid is a necessary and reasonable pay .Research suggests:the spiral development of physical education and health course process is the rational compensation of sports curriculum value; physical education curriculum reform is essentially courses in the curriculum of the dynamic balance between cost and curriculum development, it is a curriculum reform practice"and"process.In the new era, the sports curriculum reform fade out of skills to master, athletics, turned to the"people-oriented"as the core, to the principle of "harmonious coexistence"enhance the experience of the process of sports activities and found that innovative entertainment content, humanistic care, is the inevitable trend in the reform of physical education curriculum reform.%本文运用文献资料法、分析归纳法与逻辑推理法,以课程代价理论为指导,分析体育课程改革的患得患失,体育与健康课程改革“重人文、教育,轻竞技,重娱乐、游戏,轻技能”之嫌实乃是一种必要的合理付出。研究认为:体育与健康课程的螺旋上升发展过程是体育课程价值遗失的理性补偿;体育课程改革实质上就是课程设置中课程代价与课程发展之间的动态平衡,是课程改革实践“创美”过程。新时期,体育课程改革中淡化对技能掌握、竞技性,转向以“以人为本”为核心,以“和谐共生”为原则,增强对体育活动过程的体验和发现,创新娱乐课堂内容,彰显人文关怀,是体育课程改革教育改革的必然趋势。

  12. A scientific analysis of physical education curriculum reform%体育课程改革的学理辨析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张细谦

    2014-01-01

    From the perspective of the science of physical education curriculum reform, the value of the physical education curriculum is time related;for the establishment of the physical education curriculum objective system in the new period, the core status of stamina value and skill value must be established securely. Living world is a place where education really happens;the physical education curriculum has distinct living characteristics;students’ living worlds are diversified;for the building of levels in the physical education curriculum content system, students’ liv-ing worlds should be fully considered. Curriculum implementation is the inevitable way to the formation of the sig-nificance of the physical education curriculum, relying on the powerful mechanism of longitudinal development from top to bottom;physical education curriculum implementation vividly happening at school sites should be car-ried out based on school-based development.%从体育课程改革的学理来看,体育课程的价值具有时代性,新时期体育课程目标体系的创建必须牢牢确立体能价值和技能价值的核心地位。生活世界是教育真正发生的场所,体育课程具有鲜明的生活特征,学生的生活世界具有多样性,体育课程内容体系的梯次构建需要充分关注学生的生活世界。课程实施是体育课程意义生成的必经路径,它依赖于强有力的自上而下的纵向推进机制,在学校现场真切发生的体育课程实施需要以校本化开发为基础。

  13. Marginalization of Socioscientific Material in Science-Technology-Society Science Curricula: Some Implications for Gender Inclusivity and Curriculum Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hughes, Gwyneth

    2000-05-01

    Science education reformers have argued that presenting science in the abstract is neither motivating nor inclusive of the majority of students. Science-technology-society (STS) curricula that give science an accessible social context have developed in response, but controversy surrounds the extent to which students should be introduced to socioscientific debate. Using material from a case study of Salters' Advanced Chemistry in the United Kingdom, this article demonstrates how socioscientific material is marginalized through the structures and language of syllabus texts and through classroom practices. This means students are unlikely to engage with socioscientific aspects in their course. Socioscientific content is gendered through association with social concerns and epistemological uncertainty, and because gender is asymmetric, socioscience is devalued with respect to the masculinity of abstract science. Teachers fear that extensive coverage of socioscience devalues the curriculum, alienates traditional science students and jeopardizes their own status as gatekeepers of scientific knowledge. Thus, although STS curricula such as Salters' offer potential for making science more accessible, the article concludes that greater awareness of, and challenges to, gender binaries could result in more effective STS curriculum reform.

  14. 课程改革的整体性:整体主义课程理论的启示%Holistic Curriculum Theory and Its Enlightenment to China Curriculum Reform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张静静

    2012-01-01

    整体主义课程理论是对传统课程体系中的主客二元对立、线性还原、实证主义的摒弃与超越,强调的是课程的关系品质、转化品质、超越品质以及人的整体发展。基于整体主义课程理论的思维来审视我国当前的课程改革,对当代课程改革有着积极意义。恢复课程改革的灵魂,走向整体主义;以整体的人作为课程改革的前提;探寻对话与整合式的课程改革途径;确立课程改革理论资源的超越与创新路向。%The holistic curriculum theory rejects and transcends the binary opposition between subject and object, linear reduc- tion, positivism of the traditional curriculum system, and it emphasizes the connection, transformation, transcendence of curriculum and the overall development of human beings. Based on the holistic curriculum theory to examine the current curriculum reform, there are the following enlightenments: towards to the holism, recover the soul of curriculum reform; calling for holistic human beings, the premise of curriculum reform; dialogue and integration, the effective ways of curriculum reform; transcendence and innovation, the di- rection of choosing theoretical resources.

  15. Physical Education Curriculum Reform in China: A Perspective from Physical Education Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jin, Aijing

    2013-01-01

    Background: Among the many changes occurring across Chinese society in the early years of the 21st century has been the construction and implementation of a new national curriculum which includes physical education (PE) as one of the main subject areas. Unlike the old PE curriculum with its sports performance-oriented criteria, the new curriculum…

  16. "Butterfly under a Pin": An Emergent Teacher Image amid Mandated Curriculum Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Craig, Cheryl J.

    2012-01-01

    The author examines 1 experienced teacher's image of teaching and how it was purposely changed--through external intervention and against the individual's will--from the view of teacher as curriculum maker to the view of teacher as curriculum implementer. Laura's account of the "butterfly under a pin" image, a version of the…

  17. Impact of Curriculum Reform: Evidence of Change in Classroom Practice in the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moyer, John C.; Cai, Jinfa; Wang, Ning; Nie, Bikai

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of the study reported in this article is to examine the impact of curriculum on instruction. Over a three-year period, we observed 579 algebra-related lessons in grades 6-8. Approximately half the lessons were taught in schools that had adopted a "Standards"-based mathematics curriculum called the Connected Mathematics Program (CMP),…

  18. Civic Education Curriculum Reform in Hong Kong: What Should Be the Direction under Chinese Sovereignty?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fairbrother, Gregory P.; Kennedy, Kerry J.

    2011-01-01

    This article uses results from a cross-national analysis of the impact of varying approaches to civic education curriculum delivery on three learning outcomes, to draw conclusions about the value of a government-mandated compulsory, independent subject of civic education in the school curriculum. It starts from the context of Hong Kong, where…

  19. "Butterfly under a Pin": An Emergent Teacher Image amid Mandated Curriculum Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Craig, Cheryl J.

    2012-01-01

    The author examines 1 experienced teacher's image of teaching and how it was purposely changed--through external intervention and against the individual's will--from the view of teacher as curriculum maker to the view of teacher as curriculum implementer. Laura's account of the "butterfly under a pin" image, a version of the…

  20. 臺灣課程改革理論基礎再思Revisiting the Theoretical Bases of Taiwan’s Curriculum Reform

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    黃顯華Hin-Wah Wong

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available 教育工作者如何理解「課程」此一概念,對課程改革中的課程設計、課程決定模式、課程實施、課程評價/研究均有重要啟示。本文即從這些維度,針對教育部在二十世紀一九九○年代頒布課程標準與課程綱要的文本與相關研究進行比較分析。 結果發現:課程標準傾向於將課程定義爲「學科」,其改革過程可分為發 展、傳遞、採用三個階段;課程綱要傾向於將課程定義爲「經驗」,其改革表現出持續發展的傾向。但後者在課程決定、實施及研究取向上仍保留課程定義爲「學科」時的部分特徵。從課程的定義角度觀之,臺灣課程改革的性質正從課程作爲「科目」的方向朝課程作爲「經驗」的方向發展。 The way educators understand the concept of curriculum has significant implication to the nature of curriculum design, decision, implementation, evaluation and research in curriculum reform. Based on these dimensions, this article compares documents and research reports of curriculum standard of 1993 with those of curriculum program of 1998. It comes to the conclusion that curriculum standard tends to define curriculum as an academic discipline, in which reform is a repeated process of development, diffusion and adoption. Curriculum program tends to define curriculum as an experience, in which reform is a continuous development process. However, the latter has inherited some characteristics of the former in curriculum decision, implementation and research. From the perspective of the definition of curriculum, the nature of curriculum reform in Taiwan can be considered as moving from “academic discipline” to “experience”.

  1. 深化课程改革背景下学校课程领导力的提升——第二届基础教育课程改革与发展论坛综述%Improving School Curriculum Leadership in Curriculum Reform-- A Summary of "The 2nd Forum of Basic Education Curriculum Reform and Development"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁锐; 吕立杰

    2012-01-01

    为了提升课程改革背景下学校课程领导力,交流学校课程改革规划和校本课程开发的经验,人民教育出版社和中国教育学会联合主办了第二届基础教育课程改革与发展论坛。与会代表就学校如何进行自身课程规划与设计,如何实现课堂优质高效,如何开发校本课程,如何完成教材的创造性使用与二次开发等问题进行了深入而热烈的探讨,为学校课程改革的深入发展提供了宝贵的建议和启示。%In order to improve the school curriculum leadership under the background of curriculum retorm, and to exchange the experience and lessons in curriculum designing and school-based curriculum development, People's Education Press and Chinese Society of Education co-sponsored "The 2nd Forum of Basic Education Curriculum Reform and Development". The participants had heated discussions on the following issues: school's leadership in curriculum planning and designing, school-based curriculum development, creative using and redevelopment of textbooks, the quality and efficiency of classroom, etc., which provided helpful suggestions and inspirations for the in-depth development of school curriculum reform.

  2. Curriculum Reform and Supporting Structures at Schools: Challenges for Life Skills Planning for Secondary School Students in China (with Particular Reference to Hong Kong)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, John Chi-Kin

    2017-01-01

    Demand has risen for the introduction of career education in senior secondary schooling to enhance students' transition from study to work. Against such a background, this paper aims to discuss the curriculum reforms and supporting structures in schools and to explore the challenges of life skills planning for secondary school students in China…

  3. Medical students' perception of the reformed medical curriculum at King Saud University

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mona M Soliman

    2016-01-01

    Conclusion: The students' perception of the educational programmes was illustrated and important aspects were highlighted which needed to be addressed and revised in order to improve the quality of the curriculum.

  4. 一石激起千层浪——“我”与新课改同行%Reflection on New Curriculum Reform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴树丽

    2011-01-01

    作为一名新课改时代下的教师,笔者认真学习新课程理论并结合学生实际,大胆摸索和创新,寻找一条适合自己的新课改之路。本文就是对近几年来有关新课改的认识与经验的总结。%As a teacher in the age of new curriculum reform, the author carefully learns new curriculum theory and boldly probes and innovates the way applying to herself. This paper is the reflection on the cognition and experience of new curriculum reform in recen

  5. 新课改下的语文教学%Chinese Teaching in the Light of New Curriculum Reform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    骆文杰

    2011-01-01

    课程改革的核心环节是课程实施,而课程实施的基本途径是课堂教学。《基础教育课程改革纲要》明确指出,教学过程是师生交往、共同发展的互动过程。在教学过程中,要处理好传授知识与培养能力的关系,注重培养学生的独立性和自主性,引导学生置疑、调查、探究,使学习成为在教师指导下主动的、富有个性的过程。教师应尊重学生的人格,关注个体差异,满足不同需要,创设能引导学生主动参与的教育环境,激发学生的学习积极性,培养学生掌握和运用知识的态度和能力,使每个学生都得到充分的发展。%The core of curriculum reform is curriculum implementation and the basic way to curriculum implementation is classroom teaching. Basic Education Curriculum Reform clearly points out teaching is a process in which is full of communication between teachers and students and their mutual development. In teaching, teachers should deal with the relationship between imparting knowledge and cultivating ability and pay more attention to cultivate students' independence and autonomy and leading students to question, investigate and explore, so that learning can become active and personal process under the guidance of teachers. Teachers should respect students' personality, concern personal differences and meet different need, create educational atmosphere leading students' active participation, motivate students' learning initiative and cultivate students' attitude and ability of grasping and applying knowledge so as to each student has full development.

  6. The Influence of Undergraduate Science Curriculum Reform on Students' Perceptions of their Quantitative Skills

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matthews, Kelly E.; Adams, Peter; Goos, Merrilyn

    2015-11-01

    In this study, the Science Student Skills Inventory was used to gain understanding of student perceptions about their quantitative skills and compare perceptions of cohorts graduating before and after the implementation of a new science curriculum intent on developing quantitative skills. The study involved 600 responses from final-year undergraduate science students across four cohorts in an Australian research-intensive institution. Students rated their perceptions on a four-point Likert scale of: the importance of developing quantitative skills within the programme, how much they improved their quantitative skills throughout their undergraduate science programme, how much they saw quantitative skills included in the programme, how confident they were about their quantitative skills, and how much they believe they will use quantitative skills in the future. Descriptive statistics indicated overall low levels of perceptions with student perception of the importance of quantitative skills being greater than perceptions of improvement, inclusion in the programme, confidence, and future use. Statistical analysis of responses provided by the cohorts graduating before and after the new quantitative skills-intended curriculum revealed few differences. The cohorts graduating after implementation indicated that quantitative skills were included more in the curriculum, although this did not translate into them reporting higher levels of confidence or anticipated future use compared to the cohorts that graduated before the new curriculum was implemented. Implications for curriculum development are discussed and lines for further research are given.

  7. Achieving standards in urban systemic reform: An example of a sixth grade project-based science curriculum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rivet, Ann E.; Krajcik, Joseph S.

    2004-09-01

    A challenge for urban systemic reform initiatives in science education has been to achieve local, state, and national standards for teaching and learning. We have collaborated with teachers in the Detroit Public School System to design project-based curriculum materials that contextualize the learning of science in meaningful real-world problems, engage students in science inquiry, and use learning technologies. We present a sixth grade project-based science unit in which students explored the driving question How Do Machines Help Me Build Big Things? and address the science learning goals of balanced and unbalanced forces, simple and complex machines, and mechanical advantage. Twenty-four teachers and over 2500 students in Detroit participated in enactments of this project over 4 years. Student learning outcomes were determined for the three learning goals and inquiry process skills using pre- and postachievement tests. Achievement outcomes as measured by the pre/posttest show significant and consistently high learning gains, even as participation in the project increased to include greater numbers of teachers and students in successive enactments, and leadership of the professional development support for this project transitioned from university researchers to district teacher leaders. These results illustrate that materials which contextualize learning and support student inquiry as part of an urban systemic reform effort can promote learning of important and meaningful science content aligned with standards.

  8. ["Meet the AIX-PERTs." Emergency medical care at the beginning of the medical reform curriculum in Aachen].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beckers, S; Bickenbach, J; Fries, M; Hoffmann, N; Classen-Linke, I; Killersreiter, B; Wainwright, U; Kuhlen, R; Rossaint, R

    2004-06-01

    Extensive knowledge and skills in the basics of emergency medical care are of paramount importance for every physician and should therefore be an integral part of medical education. Regulations for medical licensure in Germany were revised by the administrative authorities in 2002 and as a consequence the Medical Faculty of the University of Aachen (Germany) decided to start the Medical Reform Curriculum Aachen. A multidisciplinary, problem-oriented and organ-related approach to medical education replaces the classical discrimination between basic and clinical sciences. With AIX-PERT (AIX-la-Chapelle Program for Emergency medical care and Resuscitation Training), a program consisting of problem-based learning sessions was developed for introduction to the first year students. Defined teaching objectives in emergency medicine are now incorporated in undergraduate medical education. The extremely positive evaluation of the new approach encouraged us to promote AIX-PERT further. In the future the effects of success of this approach will be assessed by longitudinal studies of skills and knowledge during the continuing curriculum.

  9. Two-Day Curriculum Retreat: An Innovative Response to the Call for Reform.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lane, Adrianne J; Mitchell, Claudia G

    2015-01-01

    This article outlines processes followed during a two-day offsite retreat for nurse faculty planned for the purpose of curricular redesign and content mapping. Faculty identified and leveled content for all baccalaureate clinical courses and engaged in dialogue specific to promoting student connections between didactic and clinical outcomes. Faculty developed two core simulation scenarios for every clinical course and leveled learning outcomes for each. Faculty defined where within the curriculum key concepts were introduced and planned depth of knowledge, application, and synthesis from sophomore through senior levels. Evaluation revealed the process led faculty to a stronger overall understanding of the curriculum.

  10. Teachers' Views on the New Measurement and Assessment Approaches with Regard to Mathematics Curriculum Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cansiz Aktas, Meral; Baki, Adnan

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study is to investigate teachers' views on the new measurement and assessment approaches within the context of secondary school mathematics education reform. With this purpose, the factors which affected the implementation process were determined. The research data were obtained from two teachers via in-depth interviews,…

  11. The Art of War for Librarians: Academic Culture, Curriculum Reform, and Wisdom from Sun Tzu.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kempcke, Ken

    2002-01-01

    Discusses the need for campuswide, organizational change to address the academy culture to be successful and suggests that in order for librarians to be effective in initiating information literacy or other educational reforms they must be seen as equals by faculty, in teaching and in governance. (Author/LRW)

  12. 论高等职业技术院校体育课程改革%The sports curriculum reform in higher vocational and technical college

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林福生; 罗晓梅

    2013-01-01

    课改的开始反映了一个社会需求的变革时代的来临。就我国当代社会而言,素质教育越来越重要。随着现代体育课程的不断发展以及社会对人体的健康要求,对体育课程的深入改革刻不容缓。本文主要以高等职业技术院校为主要视点,探究如何将体育课程的改革更好地进行到底。%The curriculum reform reflects the reform era of a society demand. In our contemporary society, quality education is becoming more and more important. With the continuous development of modern physical education and health requirements of society to human body, brook no delay further the reform of the physical education curriculum. This paper mainly takes the higher occupation technical college as the main point of view, to explore how to reform the sports curriculum better.

  13. An exploration of the science teaching orientations of Indian science teachers in the context of curriculum reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nargund-Joshi, Vanashri

    This study explores the concepts and behaviors, otherwise referred to as orientations, of six Indian science teachers and the alignment of these orientations to the 2005 India National Curriculum Framework (NCF-2005). Differences in teachers' orientations across grade bands (elementary, middle, and secondary) and school types (public versus private) are also examined to determine how contextual factors may influence this alignment. First, a content analysis of the NCF-2005 was completed to identify the overarching principles of the NCF-2005 and goals specific to the teaching and learning of science. Interviews with school principals were also analyzed to understand how the goals of NCF-2005 were communicated to schools and teachers. Together, these data sources served to answer research question one. Next, profiles were created based on three interviews with each teacher and several observations of their teaching. These profiles provide a point of reference for answering the remaining three research questions. Findings include teacher's orientations falling along a continuum from traditionalist in nature to inquiry/constructivist in nature. Stark contrasts were found between traditionalist orientations and the goals of NCF-2005, with much of this contrast due to the limited pedagogical content knowledge these teachers have regarding students' scientific thinking, curriculum design, instructional strategies, and assessment. Inquiry/constructivist teachers' orientations, while more in line with reform, still have a few key areas of pedagogical content knowledge needing attention (e.g., knowledge of assessment and a variety of purposes for constructivist instructional strategies). In response to the final research question, several contextual factors contributed to teachers' orientations including environmental constraints, such as limited resources and large class sizes, cultural testing pressures, and limited accessibility to professional development. Suggestions

  14. Exploration and Practice of“Food Production Technology”Curriculum Reform in Higher Vocational Colleges%高职院校《食品生产工艺》课程改革探索与实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾惠琴; 兰玲; 金辉; 韩斌

    2014-01-01

    Exploration and practice from the aspects of model vocational colleges implementing food specialty“food production technology”curriculum reform ideas,curriculum reform, curriculum design,teaching goal of the overall reform of curriculum reform project,and expounds the implementation experience in the process of curriculum reform,in order to better the construction of curriculum resources,improve the curriculum teaching reform mode.%从高职院校食品类专业《食品生产工艺》课程改革思路、课程改革目标、课程改革总体教学设计、课程改革的项目实施模式等方面进行了探索与实践,并阐述了课程改革实施过程中的体会,以期更好地建设课程资源,完善课程改革教学模式。

  15. Basic airway skills acquisition using the American College of Surgeons/Association for Surgical Education medical student simulation-based surgical skills curriculum: Initial results.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muratore, Sydne; Kim, Michael; Olasky, Jaisa; Campbell, Andre; Acton, Robert

    2017-02-01

    The ACS/ASE Medical Student Simulation-Based Skills Curriculum was developed to standardize medical student training. This study aims to evaluate the feasibility and validity of implementing the basic airway curriculum. This single-center, prospective study of medical students participating in the basic airway module from 12/2014-3/2016 consisted of didactics, small-group practice, and testing in a simulated clinical scenario. Proficiency was determined by a checklist of skills (1-15), global score (1-5), and letter grade (NR-needs review, PS-proficient in simulation scenario, CP-proficient in clinical scenario). A proportion of students completed pre/post-test surveys regarding experience, satisfaction, comfort, and self-perceived proficiency. Over 16 months, 240 students were enrolled with 98% deemed proficient in a simulated or clinical scenario. Pre/post-test surveys (n = 126) indicated improvement in self-perceived proficiency by 99% of learners. All students felt moderately to very comfortable performing basic airway skills and 94% had moderate to considerable satisfaction after completing the module. The ACS/ASE Surgical Skills Curriculum is a feasible and effective way to teach medical students basic airway skills using simulation. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. 論地方課程發展機制與課程改革On the Developmental Mechanism of Local Curriculum and Curricula Reform

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    陸明玉Ming-Yu Lu

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available 自1992年地方課程正式提出至今,地方課程經歷了近20年的發展。擁有年輕生命的地方課程難免遭遇荊棘與障礙,本研究立足於課程改革的宏觀背景,在辨析相關概念的基礎上,考察地方課程發展面臨的困境,並力圖從困境中尋找路徑。受國家相關政策、地方教育行政管理,以及學校實施制衡的地方課程,亦受其內源性因素:價值取向的釐定、課程目標的確立、課程內容的選擇、課程的實施及課程的評價等的影響。那麼,合理定位地方課程、統整各內外因素、探索良性的地方課程發展機制,或許是地方課程發展的關鍵路徑。地方課程的發展可說對課程改革具有重要意義。 Since the beginning of it in 1992, local curriculum has developed for almost 20 years. Like every new things, it is unavoidable for local curriculum to meet some difficulties. Based on the macro-background of curricula reform, after defined the conception of related terms, the article tries to find the countermeasures by analyzing the difficulties and problems of the development of local curriculum. Apart from the laws of the nation, regulations of local educational administration and school, the local curriculum will also be affected by its inner factors, such as curriculum value, curriculum aim, curriculum selection, curriculum implementation and curriculum evaluation. So the key approach to explore the developmental mechanism of local curriculum is to establish exact position for the local curriculum by integrating all the factors. In all, development of local curriculum is very important for curriculum reform.

  17. 城市规划原理课程教学改革研究%Research on curriculum teaching reform of Urban Planning Principlw

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阮佳莉; 梁宇鸣

    2016-01-01

    According to the characteristics of Urban Planning Principle curriculum,this paper analyzed the existing problems in this curriculum teaching,from cultivating students’interest,adjusting the teaching content,innovation of teaching methods and other aspects,elaborated the teaching reform train of thought of this curriculum,to improve the teaching effect of the curriculum.%针对《城市规划原理》课程的特点,分析了该课程在教学中存在的问题,从培养学生兴趣、调整教学内容、创新教学方法等方面,阐述了该课程的教学改革思路,旨在提高该课程的教学效果。

  18. The demand for private tutoring in Turkey: unintended consequences of curriculum reform

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Altinyelken, H.K.; Bray, M.; Mazawi, A.E.; Sultana, R.G.

    2013-01-01

    This chapter focuses on the private tutoring phenomenon in Turkey. It seeks to analyse the impact of the revision of primary school curriculum on the demand for private tutoring. It also outlines various academic, economic and social implications of private tutoring. Based on interviews with school

  19. Principles and Strategies for Reforming the Core Curriculum at a Catholic College or University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roche, Mark W.

    2015-01-01

    The core curriculum is essential for the flourishing of a Catholic college or university, as it is one of the most visible ways in which a distinctive vision becomes incarnate. Catholic colleges tend to offer some mission-centered majors and minors, but the core is what is present for all students. The core is not only significant, but also…

  20. Curriculum Reform in Library and Information Science Education by Evidence-Based Decision Making

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toshimori, Atsushi; Mizoue, Chieko; Matsumoto, Makoto

    2011-01-01

    The student surveys are conducted to better understand the student's views and help restructure curriculum. This article explored characteristics of students of the College of Knowledge and Library Sciences (KLIS) at the University of Tsukuba in Japan. The KLIS conducted two kinds of student surveys in 2009 and 2010: a) a standardized survey and…

  1. Curriculum Review as a Catalyst for Gifted Education Reform at the Secondary Level.

    Science.gov (United States)

    VanTassel-Baska, Joyce; Leonhard, Paul; Glenn, Cathy B.; Poland, Donna; Brown, Elissa; Johnson, Dana

    1999-01-01

    Explores a curriculum-review process for assessing how a specialized secondary school for the gifted might improve its programs and services. The review process used document review, interviews, focus groups, and classroom-observation techniques to arrive at recommendations and an action plan. (Author)

  2. Teachers' Views about Technical Education: Implications for Reforms towards a Broad Based Technology Curriculum in Malawi

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chikasanda, Vanwyk Khobidi; Otrel-Cass, Kathrin; Jones, Alister

    2011-01-01

    Internationally there has been concern about the direction of technical education and how it is positioned in schools. This has also been the case in Malawi where the curriculum has had a strong focus on skills development. However, lately there has been a call for enhancing technological literacy of students, yet little support has been provided…

  3. Deconstructing Engineering Education Programmes: The DEEP Project to Reform the Mechanical Engineering Curriculum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Busch-Vishniac, Ilene; Kibler, Tom; Campbell, Patricia B.; Patterson, Eann; Guillaume, Darrell; Jarosz, Jeffrey; Chassapis, Constantin; Emery, Ashley; Ellis, Glenn; Whitworth, Horace; Metz, Susan; Brainard, Suzanne; Ray, Pradosh

    2011-01-01

    The goal of the Deconstructing Engineering Education Programmes project is to revise the mechanical engineering undergraduate curriculum to make the discipline more able to attract and retain a diverse community of students. The project seeks to reduce and reorder the prerequisite structure linking courses to offer greater flexibility for…

  4. Developing a Process Model for Student Reformation of Curriculum and Instruction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grimaldi, Ettore P.; Garrett, Philip R.

    This paper presents a working framework for a controlled change of instructional practices within a community college. A methodology for the training of students and faculty in the evaluation of curriculum and instruction is presented: (1) establish a positive rationale for evaluation within a context of meaningful philosophy; (2) determine a…

  5. Deconstructing Engineering Education Programmes: The DEEP Project to Reform the Mechanical Engineering Curriculum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Busch-Vishniac, Ilene; Kibler, Tom; Campbell, Patricia B.; Patterson, Eann; Guillaume, Darrell; Jarosz, Jeffrey; Chassapis, Constantin; Emery, Ashley; Ellis, Glenn; Whitworth, Horace; Metz, Susan; Brainard, Suzanne; Ray, Pradosh

    2011-01-01

    The goal of the Deconstructing Engineering Education Programmes project is to revise the mechanical engineering undergraduate curriculum to make the discipline more able to attract and retain a diverse community of students. The project seeks to reduce and reorder the prerequisite structure linking courses to offer greater flexibility for…

  6. Agents' Social Imagination: The "Invisible" Hand of Neoliberalism in Taiwan's Curriculum Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Teng

    2012-01-01

    Neoliberalism has become the most dominant ideology in current world and educational researchers thus may need to disclose the ways in which neoliberalism affects education and curriculum and propose new strategies to cope with them. Through literature review, however, the author argues that perhaps because of the social and theoretical scope in…

  7. 高师公共教育学课程在新课改理念下的教学改革%Teaching Reform under the New Curriculum Reform in the Course of Public Pedagogy in Higher Normal Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李娟

    2016-01-01

    Since the implementation of the new curriculum reform in our country,the task of teaching reform of Public Pedago-gy Course in normal colleges and universities has been strengthened. According to many years of teaching practice of public educa-tion in Colleges and universities,under the guidance of the three new ideas,combined with the current situation and reform of high-er education in China,with reference to the domestic and foreign advanced concepts,for the current problems of higher education in the field of public education reform measures,including"three combination"reform,follow the"three focus"principles to im-prove teaching reform,to provide some reference for the field of public education in the field of new curriculum reform.%自从我国实施新课改以来,高等师范院校公共教育学课程教学改革任务也随之加强。根据多年高校公共教育学教学实践经验,在新课改“三大新理念”指导下,结合当前我国高等教育现状及改革方向,参考国内外公共教育先进理念,针对当前高师公共教育领域存在的问题提出了部分改革对策,包括进行“三个结合”改革探索、遵循“三个注重”原则提高教学改革成效等,以期为高师公共教育学领域在新课改观念下进一步改革提供借鉴与参考。

  8. Research on the landscape architecture engineering curriculum teaching reform%“风景园林工程”课程教学改革研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨贤均; 危兆安

    2015-01-01

    以地方性本科院校的《风景园林工程》课程为例,通过对教学大纲的安排、理论教学与实践教学的分析,提出该课程教学改革的构想。%Taking the landscape architecture engineering curriculum of the local undergraduate university as an example, the author elaborates the proposal of this curriculum teaching reform through analyzing the syllabus arrangement, theory teaching and field teaching.

  9. [Curriculum reform at the Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile School of Medicine].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cisternas, Marcela; Rivera, Solange; Sirhan, Marisol; Thone, Natalie; Valdés, Claudia; Pertuzé, Julio; Puschel, Klaus

    2016-01-01

    The career of Medicine at the Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile was established from the beginning (1929), with a classical Flexner curriculum design. In seven years, the career is divided in three cycles: basic sciences, clinics and internship. It obtained Chilean accreditation and fulfilled American Association of Medical Colleges accreditation requirements. Changes in the Chilean epidemiological profile and health system, and new teaching methods in medicine, stimulated a process of deep curricular analysis, identifying strengths and weaknesses of the medical career. The curricular strengths were well-developed scientific and clinical components, fully committed students and faculties, well defined learning objectives and excellent clinical campuses. Curricular weaknesses included a poor vertical and horizontal integration, few student centered methodologies and a weak emphasis concerning doctor’s professionalism. Subsequently, the whole community of teachers, students and medical educators worked on the design of a new curriculum, establishing a new graduate profile and designed it oriented by learning objectives, of six years of duration, with an optimized course sequence that melds basic science and clinical concepts, with strong emphasis on humanities and professionalism. It prioritizes an early contact with patients from the first year and expands teaching methods. The main objective of this process was to achieve a new curriculum with an integrative structure. This was implemented in 2015 with an approved protocol to evaluate the outcomes.

  10. Reflection on Senior High School Physics New Curriculum Reform%对高中物理新课改的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白亚娟

    2011-01-01

    新课改在高中全面实施以来,新教材让所有教师面临了一个新的挑战。物理学科作为自然学科,物理教师更应该站在国家级课改的前沿去体现“以人为本,以学生发展为本”的理念,培养学生终身学习能力。%With the full implementation of new curriculum reform in senior high school, new textbooks makes teachers have to face new challenges. As a natural subject, physics teachers should implement "studentsorientation and students' development--orientation" idea standing in front of curriculum reform and cultivate students' life-long ability

  11. 也谈新课改下的高中英语教学%Senior High School English Teaching in the Light of New Curriculum Reform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王云霞

    2011-01-01

    It has been three years since He Nan province implemented new curriculum reform and new curriculum reform advocates students-oriented principle, stresses students' inquiry learning, advocates students' communication and cooperation and autonomous innovati%河南省实行新课改已经将近3年了,新课改提倡以学生为主体的原则,注重学生的探究学习,提倡学生之间的交流与合作,提倡学生的自主创新学习。因此,新课改无论对教师还是对学生都提出了很高的要求。

  12. Curriculum Reform Research of Computer Network Technology Based on School-Enterprise Cooperation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Peng

    There is growing concern about falling levels of student engagement with school science, as evidenced by studies of student attitudes, and decreasing participation at the post compulsory level. College-enterprise cooperation model is a new model of cultivating application-typed talents in college by cooperating with enterprises. In the paper, we analyze the teaching problems in the course of "Computer Network Technology", propose guidelines with teaching practice. Then we explored the reform ways to enhance students' self-learning ability. Finally, the conclusion is given.

  13. 浅谈课改中数学教学的点滴体会%Experience of Mathematics Teaching in the Curriculum Reform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    成健美; 刘艳萍

    2014-01-01

    Describes the experience of curriculum reform:teaching,increase a“Introduction”course;the student to created the“miracle”in the activing;“read”in“do”.%阐述了课程改革的几点感受:教学时,增加一节“序言”课;学生在活动中创造“奇迹”;“读”中“做”。

  14. On Spoken Chinese Curriculum Reform of Normal Universities%高师口语课程改革研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈昕

    2015-01-01

    The spoken language ability is important to a teacher. Grounded on the analysis of what teachers, especially teachers of the Chinese language and literature, are required of by the basic education reform and the current situation of spoken Chinese curric-ulum of normal universities, this paper proposes some reform strategies to meet the basic education requirements from the constitu-tion and implementation of the spoken Chinese curriculum, which includes short-period instruction according to different grades and professions. To carry out the strategies, normal universities have to set up such courses as"Mandarin" and"Oral Communica-tion" which last for a short period for different grades, to combine teachers' spoken language, teachers' education language with the relative courses, to design different spoken language courses for Chinese and other majors, and to add the reading course for Chinese majors.%口语能力对于一名教师的重要意义不言而喻。文章在分析基础教育改革对教师、特别对语文教师的新要求以及高师口语课程现状的基础上,主要从口语课程内容体系构成及课程实施方面,提出了适应基础教育需求的高师口语课程改革策略:以小学时形式、分段分专业开设教师口语课程。具体包括:小学时、分段开设“普通话”和“口语交际”课程;教学口语和教育口语与相关课程糅合;中文专业(方向)口语课程与其他专业区别设置;中文专业(方向)增设朗读相关课程。

  15. The LGBTQI health forum: an innovative interprofessional initiative to support curriculum reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Braun, Hannan M.; Ramirez, David; Zahner, Greg J.; Gillis-Buck, Eva Mae; Sheriff, Heather; Ferrone, Marcus

    2017-01-01

    ABSTRACT Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, and intersex (LGBTQI) individuals continue to face barriers to accessing appropriate and comprehensive healthcare. Compounding this problem, healthcare trainees report few training opportunities and low levels of preparedness to care for LGBTQI patients. In 2009, an interprofessional group of students and a faculty advisor at the University of California, San Francisco, developed a novel student-organized LGBTQI Health Forum for medical, dental, pharmacy, nursing, and physical therapy students to deliver LGBTQI health content that was otherwise absent from the formal curriculum. This elective course has evolved based upon participant feedback, emerging educational strategies, and the existing curricula infrastructure at our institution. After eight years of growth, this 10-contact hour weekend elective attracts over 250 participants each year. Plenary sessions deliver foundational terminology and skills to all attendees. Learners then select breakout sessions to attend, allowing for an individualized curriculum based upon specific interests and knowledge gaps. Breakout session topics prioritize traditionally underrepresented aspects of LGBTQI health in professional school curricula. This Forum serves as a model in which to supplement LGBTQI content into existing school curricula and offers an opportunity for interprofessional education. Next steps include conducting a formal evaluation of the curriculum, expanding our performance-based assessments, and potentially implementing a continuing education program for licensed practitioners. With a core group of interprofessional student organizers and a faculty champion, other institutions may view this course architecture as a potential way to offer learners not only LGBTQI content, but other underrepresented subjects into their own educational programs. PMID:28399716

  16. The development trend of physical education curriculum reform in China%我国体育课程改革的发展趋势

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚建明

    2014-01-01

    The sports curriculum reform is the core of sports, for the smooth implementation of the full implementation of quality education, fundamentally change the current physical education, social sports and lifelong physical separation of the state, in order to meet the need of talent in the future society, promote the reform of physical education curriculum development, this article from the awareness and understanding of the course, to analyze the development of system of physical education curriculum, the development trend of curriculum reform are described, to construct and provide a theoretical basis to meet the needs of social and economic development of the physical education curriculum system in the future.%体育课程改革是体育的核心,为全面推行素质教育的顺利实施,从根本上改变目前体育教学、社会体育和终身体育相脱节的状态,以适应未来社会对人才的需要,促进体育课程改革不断地发展,本文从课程的认识和理解入手,分析了体育课程的发展体系,对课程改革的发展趋势进行了阐述,为构建符合未来社会和经济发展需要的体育课程体系提供理论依据。

  17. The Neo-Liberal Turn in Understanding Teachers' and School Leaders' Work Practices in Curriculum Innovation and Change: A Critical Discourse Analysis of a Newly Proposed Reform Policy in Lower Secondary Education in the Republic of Ireland

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simmie, Geraldine Mooney

    2014-01-01

    The study in this article involved a critical discourse analysis of five policy documents in relation to a curriculum reform proposed for lower secondary education in the Republic of Ireland. It examined the (re)positioning of governance in relation to curriculum and teacher education. Findings indicate a predominant clinical discourse closely…

  18. Clippers or the knife? The reform of surgical practice and the difficulty of early wound closure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stephens-Borg, Keith

    2009-09-01

    Salt, vinegar and wine sounds more like a recipe from the Saturday kitchen, but in 1667 it was all a surgeon could use to close wounds, along with silk and linen strips. In providing this service, barbers and surgeons found themselves confused and intertwined, struggling for professional recognition that was about to experience reform. Allegations of neglect in the aftermath of a major seafaring battle on the very shores of our capital city required the court of King Charles II to search for a solution of supreme magnitude to accommodate the hundreds of maimed sailors who were littering the streets of London. A campaign to conceal the horrors of warfare began which lead to the implementation of the Greenwich charter and the construction of a hospital which the architect Christopher Wren helped to design.

  19. An evidence-based laparoscopic simulation curriculum shortens the clinical learning curve and reduces surgical adverse events

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    De Win G

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Gunter De Win,1,2 Siska Van Bruwaene,3,4 Jyotsna Kulkarni,5 Ben Van Calster,6 Rajesh Aggarwal,7,8 Christopher Allen,9 Ann Lissens,4 Dirk De Ridder,3 Marc Miserez4,10 1Department of Urology, Antwerp University Hospital, 2Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Antwerp, Antwerp, 3Department of Urology, University Hospitals of KU Leuven, 4Centre for Surgical Technologies, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium; 5Kulkarni Endo Surgery Institute, Pune, India; 6Department of Development and Regeneration, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium; 7Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, 8Steinberg Centre for Simulation and Interactive Learning, Faculty of Medicine, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada; 9School of Arts and Sciences, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA; 10Department of Abdominal Surgery, University Hospitals Leuven, Leuven, Belgium Background: Surgical simulation is becoming increasingly important in surgical education. However, the method of simulation to be incorporated into a surgical curriculum is unclear. We compared the effectiveness of a proficiency-based preclinical simulation training in laparoscopy with conventional surgical training and conventional surgical training interspersed with standard simulation sessions.Materials and methods: In this prospective single-blinded trial, 30 final-year medical students were randomized into three groups, which differed in the way they were exposed to laparoscopic simulation training. The control group received only clinical training during residency, whereas the interval group received clinical training in combination with simulation training. The Center for Surgical Technologies Preclinical Training Program (CST PTP group received a proficiency-based preclinical simulation course during the final year of medical school but was not exposed to any extra simulation training during surgical residency. After 6 months of surgical residency, the influence on the learning curve while performing

  20. Discussion on Teaching Innovation of Junior Middle School under the New Curriculum Reform of Physics%试论新课改下初中物理教学创新思路

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    史娟

    2014-01-01

    近年来新课改得到不断的深入,物理教学的创新性发展应该与新课改要求相结合。在其现实教学中,物理教学的发展主要在于教学模式的改革与创新。%In recent years,the new curriculum reform continuously developed,the innovative development of physics teaching should be combined with the new curriculum reform requires. The development of physics mainly lies in the reform and innovation of the teaching mode in real teaching class.

  1. 论高校舞蹈教育课程改革%On the Dancing Education Curriculum Reform in Universities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗列诗

    2012-01-01

    舞蹈是舞蹈人根据自己的审美情趣、审美理想对社会生和人们思想情感的反应和表观。近年来,我国高校普及艺术教育呈现良好势头。鉴于多年的舞蹈教育总结,笔者认为可以从高校的舞蹈教育的课程设置、提高教育质量和丰富高校舞蹈活动等方面进行高校舞蹈教育的改革。%Dance is a Performance of people according to their aesthetic t~te, aesthetic ideal of social life and people thinking emotional reaction and apparent. In recent years, the popularity of art education in universities of our country present good the look of things. Given the many years of dance education summary, I think we can from the College of dance education in the curriculum, improving the quality of education and enrich the university dance activities and other aspects of dance education in university reform.

  2. Teacher agency in the performance of inquiry-oriented science curriculum reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oliveira, Alandeom W.

    2012-09-01

    In this commentary, I consider several theoretical and analytical aspects of Tang Wee Teo and Margery Osborne's case study. I begin by identifying structuralist and cultural themes in Tang Wee and Margery's theoretical model of human activity. Next, I offer an alternative interpretation for Tang Wee and Margery's reported findings in terms of the notion of multiple teacher agencies. After that, I discuss the dramaturgical or theatrical nature of the symbolic interactionist model used by Tang Wee and Margery, focusing specifically on the issues of teacher role-taking and curriculum authorship. The paper then ends with a discussion about the significance of Tang Wee and Margery's study wherein I emphasize the need for science education researchers to give more careful consideration to teacher agency and the analytical value of theatrical metaphors from the field of social dramatism.

  3. Reform of Physical Education Curriculum and Changes in Behavior of Physical Education Teacher%体育课程改革与体育教师教学行为的转变

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张维

    2011-01-01

    It puts forward many new ideas of teaching for the physical education curriculum reform, so the primary physical education teachers must deeply understand and appreciate the reform spirit of physical education curriculum, and only in this way can they transform the teaching behavior and adapt to requirements of curriculum reform. In this study, the author analyzes and discusses from the analysis of new curriculum ideas for the sports, problems in reform of physical education curriculum, the measures for the changes in the teaching behavior of physical education teachers in new curriculum reform and other aspects.%体育课程改革提出了很多新的教学理念,基层体育教师必须深刻理解和领会体育课程改革精神,才能转变教学行为,适应课程改革要求.本研究从对体育新课程理念的分析、体育课程改革中出现的问题、在新课程改革中体育教师教学行为转变的对策等几个方面进行了分析和论述.

  4. Development of a surgical skills curriculum for the training and assessment of manual skills in orthopedic surgical residents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hohn, Eric A; Brooks, Adam G; Leasure, Jeremi; Camisa, William; van Warmerdam, Jennifer; Kondrashov, Dimitriy; Montgomery, William; McGann, William

    2015-01-01

    To develop and conduct a pilot study of a curriculum of 4 surrogate bone training modules to assess and track progress in basic orthopedic manual skills outside the operating room. Four training modules were developed with faculty and resident input. The modules include (1) cortical drilling, (2) drill trajectory, (3) oscillating saw, and (4) pedicle probing. Orthopedic resident's performance was evaluated. Validity and reliability results were calculated using standard analysis of variance and multivariate regression analysis accounting for postgraduate year (PGY) level, number of attempts, and specific outcome target results specific to the simulation module. St. Mary's Medical Center in San Francisco, CA. These modules were tested on 15 orthopedic surgery residents ranging from PGY 1 to PGY 5 experience. The cortical drilling module had a mean success rate of 56% ± 5%. There was a statistically significant difference in performance according to the diameter of the drill used from 33% ± 7% with large diameter to 70% ± 6% with small diameter. The drill trajectory module had a success rate of 85% ± 3% with a trend toward improvement across PGY level. The oscillating saw module had a mean success rate of 25% ± 5% (trajectory) and 84% ± 6% (depth). We observed a significant improvement in trajectory performance during the second attempt. The pedicle probing module had a success rate of 46% ± 10%. The results of this pilot study on a small number of residents are promising. The modules were inexpensive and easy to administer. Conclusions of statistical significance include (1) residents who could easily detect changes in surrogate bone thickness with a smaller diameter drill than with a larger diameter drill and (2) residents who significantly improved saw trajectory with an additional attempt at the module. Copyright © 2014 Association of Program Directors in Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  5. Reform and Practice for Vocational Accounting Training Curriculum%高职会计综合实训课程改革与实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周彦; 苗美华

    2012-01-01

    会计综合实训课程是高职会计类专业的一门专业核心课程,传统的课堂教学不能从根本上提升学生的职业技能。课程改革以实体企业为背景,以实际工作任务为引领,以会计工作过程中涉及的专业知识与技能为主线,编写出版了包含业务指导、业务原始单据、工作组织等系列特色教材,采用教学做一体化教学模式,手工与计算机并行运行,训练和提高了学生的职业岗位能力和职业综合能力。%Accounting comprehensive training course for higher vocational accounting class is a core curricu-lum. The traditional training skills can not fundamentally enhance students' occupation skills. Curriculum reform is in the context of business entities. The professional knowledge and skills involve in the accounting process as the main line to write the teaching material. The teaching material contains business guidance, business source docu- ments, work organization and so on. Curriculum reform uses the teaching to do integration teaching mode and the manual and computerization to run in parallel. Through curriculum reform, training and professional post ability im-proves the students'comprehensive ability and career.

  6. The Iowa ophthalmology wet laboratory curriculum for teaching and assessing cataract surgical competency

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lee, Andrew G.; Greenlee, Emily; Oetting, Thomas A.; Beaver, Hilary A.; Johnson, A. Tim; Boldt, H. Culver; Abramoff, Michael; Olson, Richard; Carter, Keith

    2007-01-01

    Purpose To describe an ophthalmology wet laboratory (OWL) curriculum for residents in training. Methods Systematic literature review and selection of best practices for use in the OWL learning plan from a single academic ophthalmology program. Results A pretest and posttest of cognitive skills, ob

  7. Reform in Secondary Education: The Continuing Efforts to Reform Secondary Education, and a Modest Proposal. Curriculum Bulletin Vol. XXXII, No. 340.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saylor, Galen

    The author begins by examining the functions of the school and the basic principles governing the provision of education in the American democracy as a way of providing a framework for analyzing proposals for the reform of secondary education. He then examines proposals for reform. His major focus is on ten proposals made by agencies,…

  8. Under the Background of New Curriculum Reform of the Curriculum Resources Optimization Strategy Research%新课改背景下的课程资源优化策略研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈天智; 陈军

    2015-01-01

    我国的基础教育课程改革力度正在不断加大,课程资源作为国家基础教育改革中提出的一个重要概念,倍受各界人士的瞩目,其重要性也逐渐突显出来。人们清楚的认识到,课程资源的优化是顺利达成任何课程目标的必要条件,如果课程资源得以合理地开发和有效的利用,不仅可以帮助教师在教学实践中开发课程资源,并选出可用的课程资源,也可以帮助教师在课程资源的优化原则的基础上,精选课程资源,从而达到最佳的教学效果,以便为学生的身心健康发展服务。%Pick to:China’s basic education course reform is growing,as a national basic education curriculum resources,put forward an important concept in the reform of people from all walks of life’s attention,its importance is increasingly highlighted.People clearly recognize that if to reasonable development and effective utilization of curriculum resources,not only can help teachers to develop curriculum resources in the teaching practice,and to find the course resources available,can also help teachers on the basis of the principle of the optimization of curriculum resources,curriculum resources, so as to achieve the best teaching effect,in order to serve for the students’physical and mental health development.

  9. Integrating psychosocial skills into a medical-surgical curriculum in a baccalaureate nursing program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christoffersen, Jean; Barron, Anne-Marie; Lynch, Marla; Caroline, Harlene

    2010-10-01

    With the increasing acuity levels of hospitalized patients, faculty members struggle with accessing clinical sites for undergraduate students. Teaching students how to interact with patients and their families can often take second place to attending to the many needs and safety issues in caring for acutely ill individuals, particularly in medical-surgical settings. Over the past several years, the psychiatric and medical-surgical faculty members in the nursing department of a college in Boston have struggled with how best to prepare students for both the physical and psychosocial aspects of care. In this article, the evolution of our psychiatric consultation-liaison model is discussed.

  10. Thinking and Understanding of Independent College Advanced Mathematics Curriculum Reform%独立学院高数课程改革的思考与认识

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵志琴

    2012-01-01

    根据独立学院高等数学教学的现状,归纳出课程结构体系和教学内容进行改革的必要性,并提出独立学院高等数学教学改革应发挥自己独特的办学理念,为社会培养更多的应用型人才。%According to the independent college advanced mathematics teaching, summed up the curriculum system and teaching content reform necessity, and put forward the higher math teaching reform in independent institutes should develop their own unique idea of running a school,to cultivate more talents of application.

  11. Analysis of the Educative Reform for Secondary School in Mexico and its implications on Science II subject for the new curriculum

    CERN Document Server

    Cuervo, Alfonso; Garcia-Salcedo, Ricardo

    2009-01-01

    In Mexico, the educative reform that has been taking effect gradually in the secondary school education from 2005, has eliminated some subjects and created other that they concentrate in a single degree of studies the themes of the basic education, waking up changes that represent a challenge for teachers, who besides are adapted to new academic loads, they face an approach different in the treatment from the new themes. Beyond the conflicts that all reform can generate, the present paper is not a political or social analysis, but it approaches some differences between authorities of Secretaria de Educacion Publica (Public Education Secretary) and teachers, studying the implications of the new curriculum of Sciences II (Physics). Additionally, it is considers the design of didactic sequences to teach some physical concepts in the secondary school by active learning.

  12. 医学英语语料库在 ESP 课程改革中的应用%Application of Medical English Corpus in ESP Curriculum Reform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    施称; 章国英

    2015-01-01

    The Second Military Medical University is carrying on an ESP curriculum reform which fea‐tures the construction of a medical English corpus .Based on it ,this paper introduces the medical English curriculum setting in the SMMU and explores how the medical English corpus is applied in medical terminology ,listening and speaking ,medical w riting ,and comprehensive reading courses .%以第二军医大学专门用途英语(English for Specific Purposes ,ESP)课程改革为研究背景,介绍了医学英语课程设置,通过自建医学英语语料库来辅助教学改革,探讨该语料库在医学术语、医学英语综合、写作及视听说课程中的相应运用。

  13. Dialogue Teaching in the Light of New Curriculum Reform%论新课程改革背景下的对话教学

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙树坚

    2011-01-01

    With the development of new curriculum reform, Chinese education pays more and more attention to the implementation of dialogue teaching. This paper briefly analyzes the misunderstanding for dialogue teaching and discusses the specific intension of dialog%随着新课程改革的逐步推进,当前语文教育非常重视对话教学的实施。本文对当前对话教学中的误区进行了简要分析,并针对这些误区,探讨了对话教学的具体内涵。

  14. 新课改中课堂教学存在的问题及对策%Problems and countermeasures of classroom teaching in the new curriculum reform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐州亭

    2012-01-01

      The curriculum reform is the central link of curriculum implementation, curriculum implementation of the basic approach is classroom teaching, curriculum reform emphasis in the classroom, the students master the knowledge, skill is the main way of classroom, inquiry, cooperation, active learning is the main place in the classroom, emotion, attitude, values education in the classroom, leaving the class on class instead, ignore, neglect ,the classroom theory teaching reform are both wrong. Curriculum difficulty in the classroom, the three-dimensional relationship between target how to grasp, inquiry learning and receptive learning two kinds of learning ways of how to deal with the relationship between discipline, classroom teaching how to embody emotion, attitude, values, our teaching become a real classroom education, these are difficult.%  课程改革的中心环节是课程实施,课程实施的基本途径是课堂教学,课改的重点在课堂,学生掌握知识、技能的主要途径是课堂,探究、合作、主动学习的主要场所在课堂,情感、态度、价值观培养在课堂,离开课堂谈课改、忽视课堂、轻视课堂论课改都是错误的。课改难点在课堂,三维目标之间的关系如何把握,探究性学习与接受性学习两类学习方式的关系如何处理,课堂学科教学中如何体现情感、态度、价值观,把我们的学科教学变成真正的教育课堂,这些都是难点。

  15. Das Longitudinale Curriculum "Soziale und kommunikative Komptenzen" im Bologna-reformierten Medizinstudium in Basel [The longitudinal curriculum "social and communicative competencies" within Bologna-reformed undergraduate medical education in Basel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Langewitz, Wolf

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available [english] Background: Within the Bologna reform, a longitudinal curriculum of “social and communicative competencies” (SOKO was implemented into the new Bachelor-Master structure of undergraduate medical education in Basel (Switzerland. Project description: The aim of the SOKO curriculum is to enable students to use techniques of patient-centred communication to elicit and provide information to patients in order to involve them as informed partners in decision making processes. The SOKO curriculum consists of 57 lessons for the individual student from the first bachelor year to the first master year. Teaching encompasses lectures and small group learning. Didactic methods include role play, video feedback, and consultations with simulated and real patients. Summative assessment takes place in objective structured clinical examinations (OSCE. Conclusion: In Basel, a longitudinal SOKO curriculum based on students’ cumulative learning was successfully implemented. Goals and contents were coordinated with the remaining curriculum and are regularly assessed in OSCEs. At present, most of the workload rests on the shoulders of the department of psychosomatic medicine at the university hospital. For the curriculum to be successful in the long-term, sustainable structures need to be instituted at the medical faculty and the university hospital to guarantee high quality teaching and assessment.[german] Hintergrund: Mit der Umstellung auf die Bachelor-/Masterstruktur wurde in Basel (Schweiz ein longitudinales Curriculum „soziale und Kommunikative Kompetenzen“ (SOKO in das Medizinstudium implementiert. Projektbeschreibung: Ziel ist es, den Studierenden grundlegende Techniken einer patientenzentrierten Kommunikation in dem Sinne zu vermitteln, dass die Studierenden in der Lage sind, Informationen zu erheben und Informationen an Patientinnen und Patienten weiterzugeben, um sie als gut informierte Partner am Entscheidungsprozess zu beteiligen. Das

  16. Progress and expectation of researches on the theoretical foundations for the physical education curriculum reform in the new century%新世纪体育课程改革理论基础研究进展与展望

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董翠香; 贾洪洲

    2013-01-01

    The authors studied the curriculum reform and published scientific researches on the“theoretical founda-tions”for the physical education curriculum reform carried out in China for over 10 years, and then drew the fol-lowing conclusion: the philosophical foundation, disciplinary foundation and principle foundation of the physical education curriculum reform affected the physical education curriculum reform in a macroscopic, meso-scopic or microscopic way respectively, and played different roles, but the principle foundation played a foundation stone laying role in the physical education curriculum reform. Based on their study, the authors suggested that follow-up researches probe into and take hold of the theoretical foundations for the physical education curriculum reform from the perspectives of monographic study, systematology, historical development and top-level design.%研究我国十余年课程改革及体育课程改革“理论基础”相关科研成果,认为:体育课程改革的哲学基础、学科基础、原理基础分别从宏观、中观、微观层面影响着体育课程改革,且发挥着不同的作用,但原理基础对体育课程改革起着奠基作用。并在此基础上建议后续研究从专题研究角度、系统论角度、历史发展角度及顶层设计角度探讨体育课程改革的理论基础。

  17. A Simulation Curriculum for Management of Trauma and Surgical Critical Care Patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miyasaka, Kiyoyuki W; Martin, Niels D; Pascual, Jose L; Buchholz, Joseph; Aggarwal, Rajesh

    2015-01-01

    Expectations continue to rise for residency programs to provide integrated simulation training to address clinical competence. How to implement such training sustainably remains a challenge. We developed a compact module for first-year surgery residents integrating theory with practice in high-fidelity simulations, to reinforce the preparedness and confidence of junior residents in their ability to manage common emergent patient care scenarios in trauma and critical care surgery. The 3-day module features a combination of simulated patient encounters using standardized patients and electronic manikins, didactic sessions, and hands-on training. Manikin-based scenarios developed in-house were used to teach trauma and critical care management concepts and skills. Separate scenarios in collaboration with the regional organ donation program addressed communication in difficult situations such as brain death. Didactic material based on contemporary evidence, as well as skills stations, was developed to complement the scenarios. Residents were surveyed before and after training on their confidence in meeting the 14 learning objectives of the curriculum on a 5-point Likert scale. Data from 15 residents who underwent this training show an overall improvement in confidence across all learning objectives defined for the module, with confidence scores before to after training improving significantly from 2.8 (σ = 0.85, median = 3) to 3.9 (σ = 0.87, median = 4) of 5, p higher posttraining confidence scores compared with male residents (average 4.2 female vs 3.8 male, p = 0.002), there were no other significant differences in confidence scores or changes to scores owing to resident sex or program status (categorical or preliminary). We successfully implemented a multimodal simulation-based curriculum that provides skills training integrated with the clinical context of managing trauma and critical care patients, simultaneously addressing a range of clinical competencies

  18. 新建地方本科院校转型期体育课程改革研究%On the Physical Education Curriculum Reform during the Period of Transformation of Newly-built Local Undergraduate Universities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马占科

    2015-01-01

    本文分析了转型期高校大学体育课程改革的趋势,探索了新的教学模式和评价方法,以便为学生体质健康发展和大学体育课程改革提供依据。%This paper analyzes the trend of physical education curriculum reform , and explores the new teaching mode and evaluation method in order to provide the basis for the development of university students ’ physical health and physical education curriculum re-form.

  19. 新课改下农村中学的英语校本教研%English School-based Teaching Research in Rural Middle School in New Curriculum Reform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田健

    2011-01-01

    In order to realize professional development of English teachers and promote new English curriculum reform, teachers should probe into constructing English school-based teaching research pattern adapting to new curriculum.%为了实现英语教师的专业成长,有力地推进英语新课程改革,教师应探索建立与新课程相适应的英语校本教研方式。

  20. The ASM Curriculum Guidelines for Undergraduate Microbiology: A Case Study of the Advocacy Role of Societies in Reform Efforts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horak, Rachel E A; Merkel, Susan; Chang, Amy

    2015-05-01

    A number of national reports, including Vision and Change in Undergraduate Biology Education: A Call to Action, have called for drastic changes in how undergraduate biology is taught. To that end, the American Society for Microbiology (ASM) has developed new Curriculum Guidelines for undergraduate microbiology that outline a comprehensive curriculum for any undergraduate introductory microbiology course or program of study. Designed to foster enduring understanding of core microbiology concepts, the Guidelines work synergistically with backwards course design to focus teaching on student-centered goals and priorities. In order to qualitatively assess how the ASM Curriculum Guidelines are used by educators and learn more about the needs of microbiology educators, the ASM Education Board distributed two surveys to the ASM education community. In this report, we discuss the results of these surveys (353 responses). We found that the ASM Curriculum Guidelines are being implemented in many different types of courses at all undergraduate levels. Educators indicated that the ASM Curriculum Guidelines were very helpful when planning courses and assessments. We discuss some specific ways in which the ASM Curriculum Guidelines have been used in undergraduate classrooms. The survey identified some barriers that microbiology educators faced when trying to adopt the ASM Curriculum Guidelines, including lack of time, lack of financial resources, and lack of supporting resources. Given the self-reported challenges to implementing the ASM Curriculum Guidelines in undergraduate classrooms, we identify here some activities related to the ASM Curriculum Guidelines that the ASM Education Board has initiated to assist educators in the implementation process.

  1. 《经济数学》课程改革的探索与实践%Exploration and Practice of Economic Mathematics Curriculum Reform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦晓艳

    2012-01-01

    《经济数学》主要突出以“数学为主体、经济为应用”的思想,实现了数学与经济的有机结合,在实际教学中,从优化教材内容体系,改革教学方法与手段,茂革完善考核、评价机制几方面进行了阐述,希望能对《经济数学》的课程改革作一些有效的探索。%Economic Mathematics highlights the thinking "Mathematics as the main economic applications," to achieve the organic combination of mathematical and economic. In actual teaching, we hope that some effective exploration of economic mathematics curriculum reform should be done, from the optimization of the system of teaching materials, the reform of teaching methods and means, reform and improve the examination, the evaluation mechanism.

  2. 浅谈环境手绘表达的课程改革%On the Curriculum Reform of Hand-Painted Sketches in Environment Art

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨涛

    2016-01-01

    环境手绘表达课程是环境艺术设计与建筑学专业中一门非常重要的基础课。这门课在一定程度上,承接了其他课程有关于创造、规划以及对于课程创新思想的表现的一些方面。在现有教学中,发现了课程中的一些问题,例如说学生的重视度、兴趣度,课程设计规划,课程课时间安排等,提出了一些教学改革的思考。希望最终对这门课的一些改变可以提高学生的手绘快速表达能力,并将之运用的之后的所有设计课程中。%Hand-painted Sketches in Environment Art is a very important basic course in environmental art design and architecture, which, to a certain extent, takes over something from other courses, such as creativity, planning and innovative ideas. Some problems have been found in the current curriculum in students' attention, interest, curriculum design and planning, curriculum schedule, etc. This paper puts forward some thoughts on teaching reform. Hopefully the reform can improve students’ ability in expressing themselves with their sketches in a fast way, which should be used in all design-related courses.

  3. Understanding the Curriculum Reform from the Viewpoint of Politics of Knowledge%理解课程改革的知识政治学视点

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋建华

    2011-01-01

    The curriculum reform has resulted in the contrary disputes on the status about the knowledge, accordingly puzzled the curriculum and the instruction. To recognize and resolve the problems, we introduce the politics of knowledge to establish the theoretical tool for the analysis of the puzzlement in the curriculum reform. We think that knowledge is coming into the democratic stage instead of the stage of hegemony in its political character, therefore each opinion is not extremely opposed.%在课程改革中,人们在对待知识的地位问题上,出现了针锋相对的观点,并相应带来了课程与教学的困惑。如何认识这一问题,如何解决这一问题,笔者引进知识政治学的视点。笔者认为,在社会转型背景下的知识转型发生了政治性质的变化,即从知识霸权阶段进入知识民主阶段,确立了从知识政治学角度分析课程改革的知识论工具,并且以此为基础解剖课程改革中的困惑,笔者的结论是各种观点不应该是截然对立的。

  4. Teacher Beliefs and Intentions regarding the Instruction of English Grammar under National Curriculum Reforms: A Theory of Planned Behaviour Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Underwood, Paul R.

    2012-01-01

    While numerous studies in mainstream education have drawn on the Theory of Planned Behaviour to investigate curriculum impact, in English Language Teaching contexts such research is scant. This study applies the theory to anticipate the impact of the Japanese national curriculum for English, by exploring the beliefs of senior high school teachers…

  5. Teacher Beliefs and Intentions regarding the Instruction of English Grammar under National Curriculum Reforms: A Theory of Planned Behaviour Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Underwood, Paul R.

    2012-01-01

    While numerous studies in mainstream education have drawn on the Theory of Planned Behaviour to investigate curriculum impact, in English Language Teaching contexts such research is scant. This study applies the theory to anticipate the impact of the Japanese national curriculum for English, by exploring the beliefs of senior high school teachers…

  6. A Study of Curriculum Development and Reform in Residential Schools for the Blind in the United States: Three Case Studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holiday, Jeremiah

    2013-01-01

    This study was conducted to understand curriculum development in residential schools for the blind after the enactment of NCLB and was guided by the research question, "How do residential schools for the blind and visually impaired develop their curriculum to meet the unique needs of students who are blind and visually impaired?" In the…

  7. ON REFORM OF CURRICULUM STRUCTURE FOR DESIGN ART MAJOR IN COLLEGES%关于高校设计艺术专业课程结构改革的若干思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张宏

    2016-01-01

    该文对当前高校设计艺术专业课程结构进行梳理,指出其中存在重必修轻选修、重分科轻综合、重学科轻经验、重显性轻隐性等问题,并通过探究,进一步提出进行相应的改革措施通过调整课时分布来加深学习力度,培养教师的综合课程讲授能力,增加活动性教学内容,锻炼学生的实践能力,最终开发出学生的隐性潜能。%Based on the conclusion of current curriculum structure for design art major in coleges, his paper points out some problems existing. The current structure puts more emphasis on compulsory curriculum, branches, subjects and dominant curriculum instead of selective curriculum, integrated curriculum, experience and hidden curriculum. Through depth analysis further corresponding reform measures are put forward, such as, enlarging the proportion of selective curriculum, reinforcing the development of integrated curriculum, increasing activity curriculum and developing the hidden curriculum properly.

  8. “水污染控制工程”课程设计教学改革%Teaching Reform of Curriculum Design of Water Pollution Control Engineering

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周笑绿; 郑红艾; 胡晨燕

    2013-01-01

    为了提高教学效果,教学团队从课程设计任务布置着手,安排1人一题的设计方式,从过程的质量监控管理方法和最终的考核方式等方面,对“水污染控制工程”课程设计进行了一系列的教学改革和实践,为课程设计环节的实践教学积累了重要的经验.%Curriculum design plays an important part in training students' practical abilities.However,because this teaching method features loose management,the entire design process is very likely to cause some students to slack,fail to pay attention(procrastination) and even plagiarize,which result in a final hasty end.So it is difficult to achieve the goal of practical training.In order to improve teaching effectiveness,a series of reforms have been conducted in Water Pollution Control Engineering curriculum design education and practice.Important experiences have been gained in curriculum design for practical teaching.

  9. On the Curriculum Design and Reform for English Major%对英语专业课程设置及改革的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘盟; 陈思雨

    2015-01-01

    在对文献进行系统梳理的基础之上,回顾了国内高校英语专业课程设置的现状,分析了课程设置在外语专业教学中的重要性。围绕英语专业的学科内涵与人文性,指出了目前课程设置中可能存在的问题,并提出了几点改革建议。%Based on a systematical analysis of previous papers,this article briefly reviews the history of curriculum design of English departments in China,and then analyses the importance of curriculum in foreign language teaching. Centering on the humanistic nature of the subject of English as a foreign language,it points out the possible problems in current curriculum design and some possible suggestions for reformation.

  10. Achievement and Reflection on Curriculum Reform of Physical Education in Basic Level%基础教育体育课程改革的成绩与问题反思

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱培彰

    2015-01-01

    采用文献资料法、综合分析法等研究方法,对体育新课改的成果进行梳理和反思。研究认为:基础教育体育课程改革的基本方向正确,理论基础研究取得了一定成绩,课改的推进策略已引起关注,新课程也促进了教师的专业发展。但也伴生了一些不容忽视的问题,如在教学中出现了“去运动技能化”的不良倾向,课程政策的严肃性已被瓦解,教师的整体素质和能力还不能适应新课程的要求,在教学目标、教学内容、教学方式及教学评价等方面还存在诸多问题。%It is summarizes the achievements and the defects of the new curriculum reform based on the literature material and comprehensive analysis methods. The direction of PE curriculum reform is right, the theory of basic research has obtained certain, a theoretical foundation for research has been accumulated, the curriculum reform strategy has aroused attention, and new curricu-lum has promoted the teachers' professional development. There are some problems in the process of PE curriculum reform such as the tendency of skill dismissed in teaching,the seriousness of curriculum policy collapsed, teachers' overall quality and ability fail to the requirement of new curriculum. There were many difficult questions in the devise of teaching goal, teaching content, teach-ing methods and teaching evaluation.

  11. 复杂视阈下我国大学课程与教学改革趋向探析%An Exploration of Trends in Curriculum and Teaching Reforms in Chinese Universities from Complexity Vision

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王洪才

    2012-01-01

    我国传统的大学课程与教学是按照单一的知识授受逻辑设计的,无法反映进入大众化后的高等教育发展要求。在大众化时代,高等教育发展呈现出利益关系的复杂性。从复杂视阈出发,大学课程与教学设计必须兼顾多方利益主体的需求,并且要以促进大学生发展为中心达成各种利益关系的平衡。以此为指导,大学课程与教学改革也呈现出多样性:政治课改革的重点是提升学术性、外语课与计算机课教学改革应加强实用性、选修课教学改革应注重前沿性、专业课教学改革应突出实践性。多样化的改革道路正反映出大学课程与教学改革走出了线性逻辑模式,进入了复杂性视阈。%Chinese traditional ting logic, thus it fails to reflect stage which displays a complexity university currlcu the require of interest ments lum and teaching is of the development involvement. Based on this designed on the knowledgeimpar of higher education in the popular view of complexity, the design of university curriculum and teaching must take account of the demands of multiple interest parties, and a chieve the balance of interest relations around the center of student development. Under this guideline, the university curriculum and teaching reform shows diversity, the reform of the ideological and political edu cation curriculum should focus on academic research; the reform of the foreign language curriculum and the computer science curriculum should highlight application; the reform of optional courses should stress the frontier; and the reform of major curriculum should emphasize practicality. The diversified reform paths re veal that the university curriculum and teaching reform has broken through the linear logic model and en tered the complexity vision.

  12. 再概念化:課程改革的邏輯與實踐Reconceptualization: the Logic and Praxis of Curriculum Reform

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    許芳懿Fang-Yi Hsu

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available 「再概念化」起源自1970年代的再概念化運動,由William Pinar所發起。「再概念化」本身意喻著「不斷的重新定義」,代表一種批判、省思與重定位。我國的九年一貫課程改革立意在學習者中心,發展結果卻偏向菁英主義,顯示其邏輯與實踐存有矛盾。本文針對我國當前課程改革進行檢視,檢視角度除蘊含再概念化的歷史變化觀點外,更擷取「再概念化」內在的批判精神來檢驗九年一貫課程,針對統整、基本能力、鬆綁解構、國家教育目標等結構性問題提出質疑,同時亦探討績效責任、社會公平、倫理向度、文化同質性、工具理性問題,文末並提出省思與結論。 “Reconceptualization” stemmed from the “reconceptualization movement” initiated by Pinar in 1970s.“Reconceptualization” means “constant redefinition” which represents criticism, reflection and re-focus. Curriculum reform lately in Taiwan focused on learner centered, but it was inclined to elitism finally. That represents the relation between the logic and practice of curriculum reform was contradictory mutually. The article was aimed to review the reform of grades 1st–9th integrative curriculum lately in Taiwan. It was not only from the viewpoints of the history of reconceptualizaton, but includes the inner essence of criticism. The structural problems of integration, basic ability, deconstruction and the aims of country education were suspicious. Simultaneously, the accountability, social justice, ethic, cultural homogeneity, instrumental rationality were explored. Finally, the reflection and conclusion were suggested.

  13. Value choices in the reform of physical education curriculum in basic education in China in the new century%新世纪我国基础教育体育课程改革的价值选择

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张细谦

    2013-01-01

      课程设计、课程实施和课程评价构成了课程改革的核心环节,新世纪我国基础教育体育课程改革的3个核心环节都面临着新的价值选择。体育课程设计要在以人为本的基础上,实现社会本位、学科本位与学生本位的有机融合。体育课程实施要以“健康第一”为航向标,做到忠实取向、相互适应取向及创生取向的有机结合。体育课程评价要全面落实发展性评价理念,体现体育课程评价促进课程完善、教师专业发展及学生健康成长等方面的课程发展价值。%Curriculum design, curriculum implantation and curriculum evaluation constitute core links in curriculum reform;the three core links in the reform of physical education curriculum in basic education in China in the new cen-tury are all facing new value choices. Physical education curriculum design should realize the organic integration of so-cial standard, disciplinary standard and student standard on the basis of people oriented design. Physical education cur-riculum implementation should base its course indicator on“health first”, enable the organic combination of fidelity orientation, mutual adaptation orientation and creation orientation. Physical education curriculum evaluation should comprehensively implement developing evaluation conceptions, embody its curriculum developing values in such as-pects as promoting curriculum perfection, professional development of teachers and healthy growth of students etc.

  14. 我国基础教育课程结构变革的问题反思与改进%Problems Reflection and Improvement on the Reform of the Curriculum Structure of Basic Education in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    和学新; 鹿星南

    2016-01-01

    In the new century , the basic education curriculum reform in China emphasizes the proportionality , comprehensiveness , and selectivity of curriculum structure , which not only makes the plan from the formal struc-ture , but also carries on the profound reform from the aspect of substantial structure .However , there are still some problems , for example , theoretical basis is not clear , the module function of some subjects is exaggerated , the re-lationship between the comprehensive curriculum and the subject curriculum is not in place , the integrated curricu-lum structure is unclear and over integrating theme exists , the total periods of primary stage in a whole year is high, and it changes worse in the process of execution .The reasons are the traditional view of curriculum structure is deeply rooted in China , the intrinsic power of reform is limited and it is impacted and restricted by other fields inevitably , and other aspects related to curriculum structure is lagging behind .Therefore , to improve curriculum structure , we should clarify the theoretical basis of the curriculum structure , promote the integration of the curricu-lum structure , promote the transformation of the curriculum structure of teachers , speed up the reform of the evalu-ation system , increase investment and so on .%我国新世纪基础教育课程改革,强调了课程结构的均衡性、综合性和选择性. 不仅从形式结构上做了规划,而且从实质结构方面进行了深刻的变革. 但依然存在一些问题:理论依据不清晰;学科课程模块功能被夸大;综合课程与分科课程的关系把握不到位;综合课程结构不清、主题统整过度;各学段课时总体仍偏高;执行中走形. 原因在于:传统课程结构观的影响;改革的惯性使然;与课程结构相关方面的改革滞后. 因此,应通过厘清课程结构改革的理论依据;促进课程结构的整合;转变教师的课程结构观;加快评价体系改革;加大投入等措施加以改进.

  15. 澳大利亚公民教育课程改革的经验与启示%Experience and Enlightenment from Curriculum Reform for Civic Education in Australia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    傅建明; 苏洁

    2014-01-01

    Since the end of 1980’s, Australian government has been concerned about civic education, adopting a series of measures to promote the curriculum reform and implementation of it. Various experiences from curriculum reform, such as extensiveness of discussion, clarity in objectives, availability of curriculum resource, effectiveness of teacher development, continuity of ifnancial support, and persistence of curriculum supervision and evaluation, can be a reference to the curriculum reform of civic education in China.%澳大利亚政府在20世纪80年代末开始关注公民教育,采取一系列措施促进公民教育课程改革和实施。其课程改革经验,诸如讨论的广泛性、目标的明确性、课程资源的可获取性、教师发展的有效性、资金支持的连续性以及课程监督和评价的持续性,均可成为我国公民教育课程的改革的借鉴。

  16. Research on development trajectory and trend of college sports curriculum reform and construction%我国高校体育课程改革与建设的发展轨迹和趋向研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨洪涛

    2013-01-01

      结合教育学中课程与教学论的观点,参考相关文献资料,对我国高校体育课程改革的发展轨迹、体育课程目标的发展趋势、建立新的体育课程需要处理好的关系以及改革的基本趋向等方面,进行理论与方向性的研究,从而实现推动我国高校体育课程改革与建设的目的。%Combining the education curriculum and teaching in theory, reference to the relevant literature, the development track of college physical education curriculum reform in our country, the development trend of physical education curriculum goals to establish the new sports curriculum needs to deal with the relationship between the basic trend and reform, to carry on the research of theory and direction, in order to achieve to promote our country university sports curriculum reform and construction purposes.

  17. 中国新课程改革:创新、挑战与战略%China's New National Curriculum Reform: Innovation, challenges and strategies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    官群; 孟万金

    2007-01-01

    本文系统地论述了中国新课程改革,包括新课程改革的背景、起源、本质、目标、特征、发展、进程、执行,在小学、初中和高中课程的分布,新课程改革的成果、面临的挑战以及未来的战略.%This paper presents systematically China's New National Curriculum Reform (CNNCR). It covers the background, origin, essence, goals, features, evolvement, schedule, implementation, the alignment in primary, secondary and middle schools' curricula and inter-subjects, the outcomes and the challenges and strategies of CNNCR.

  18. Speaking on public English curriculum reforming of employment guide%谈以就业为导向的公共英语课程改革

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾江初

    2012-01-01

    This article means to show that public English curriculum revolution has the advantages for students' employment of improving their application abilities and strong competition by taking a series of reforming measures on teaching mould,contains,teaching methods,evaluations and extracurricular activities etc.%本文从通过创新教学模式和教学内容、改进教学方法和手段、优化考核评价系统、丰富第二课堂活动等系列举措来说明公共英语课程的改革对学生的就业有着提高应用能力和竞争优势等的好处。

  19. On Promotion of Professional Skill Competition to Curriculum Reform%浅析职业技能大赛对课程改革的促进

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晓刚

    2014-01-01

    职业技能大赛对高职教育教学改革的促进不容小觑,本文通过分析职业技能大赛对课程改革的促进,总结寓赛于教的经验,归纳职业技能大赛对于课程的教学内容、教学组织形式、教学方法、教学评价以及教材改革等方面的积极作用。%The promotion force of professional skill competitions to higher vocational education innovation is strong. The paper sums up the important role that professional skill competitions play to vocational curriculum reform in teaching con-tent, teaching organization, teaching methods, teaching assessment and teaching material innovation.

  20. 第三条道路——当代基础教育课程改革的路径%The Third Way: The Path to Contemporary Curriculum Reforms in Elementary Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郝德永

    2011-01-01

    课程改革是教育领域最频繁、最活跃的现象。在现当代教育发展过程中,课程改革几乎成为课程发展的常态。然而,很多课程改革运动因偏激、片面的改革路径而呈现出过度与失衡状态。如今,处于十字路口的课程改革,迫切需要改革者对课程改革道路进行反思与调整。显然,解决失衡问题是课程改革摆脱困境与失败境遇的前提及基础,而解决失衡问题的关键在于超越左与右,从两极道路走向基于折中与平衡立场的第三条道路。%Curriculum reforms are the most frequent and active reform motions in the developing process of education. The curriculum reform nearly becomes the normal form of curriculum development, especially in the developing process of education. However, there were lots of excessive and unbalanced states, which caused by lacking of the essential, feasible and effective paths. Now, the curriculum reform, which is in the intersection, urgently need reformers to carry on rational reconsideration, inspection and adjustment about the former path of curriculum reform. Obviously, it is the premise and foundation for the curriculum reform and getting rid of difficult position and abortive circumstances to solve the unbalanced question. And the key to the unbalanced question is to surmount "left" or "right" way and adopt the third way which moves from the two-pole to an compromise and balanced standpoint.

  1. 新课程改革下初中体育教学实践初探%The preliminary exploration of Physical Education Under the New Curriculum Reform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余宁柏

    2014-01-01

    在新课程教育教学的不断创新和改革下,初中体育的教育教学也不断提上日程,成为初中教育教学课程标准中一门重要的学科。在这种新形势下实施教育教学,对于初中体育的教学实践做出一些探讨,分析初中体育教育教学如何以新的姿态呈现在教育教学实践的前沿。%In the continuous innovation and reform of new curriculum teaching,the teaching of junior high school physical education has been put on the agenda,become an important subject of the teaching curriculum of junior middle school education standards. The implementation of education and teaching in the new situation,makes some discussion on the teaching practice of junior high school physical education,physical education teaching in junior middle school how to analysis the new posture in the forefront of education and teaching practice.

  2. 新课程下教师有效课堂管理探析%Analysis about teacher effective classroom management at the new curriculum reform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈鸿雁

    2012-01-01

    The openness of the new curriculum makes course management has become more complex, classroom management, is the most difficult issues to teachers .This paper analyzes the content of the teacher effective classroom management at the new curriculum reform. There are three characteristics about the teacher effective classroom management. They are the opportimity to openesss, democratic management and personality development.This paper also puts forward the incentives and constraints strategy, predicting trends in student behavior management strategies and positive innovation strategy of the effective classroom management.%新课程的开放性使得课程管理变得越来越复杂,课堂管理是教师最关心也是最棘手的问题。本文分析了新课程改革背景下教师有效课堂管理的内涵,以及机会开放,管理民主与个性发展三个特征,并提出有效课堂管理的激励与约束策略、预测学生行为动向策略和积极的创新管理策略。

  3. Teachers, policymakers and project learning: The questionable use of ‘hard’ and ‘soft’ policy instruments to influence the implementation of curriculum reform in Hong Kong

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ping Kwan Fok

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Following the return of Hong Kong to Chinese sovereignty in 1997, the government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region developed wide-ranging curriculum reforms, including project learning. A recent survey has indicated that over 80% of Hong Kong primary and secondary schools have adopted project learning as a curriculum task. Such an outcome is hard to reconcile both with the culture of Hong Kong schools and the generally bleak picture that pervades the literature on educational change.In seeking an explanation for this apparent success we focus attention on the policy instruments that were used by government agencies to facilitate the process of implementation. Our analysis revealed that teachers were caught in a pincer movement that involved voluntary activities promoting project learning and coercive measures that monitored and evaluated successful implementation. Teachers’ views of these policy instruments differed markedly from those of policymakers. This confluence of mixed approaches, while apparently successful, is also shown to be problematic. Finally, the paper is located in a theoretical framework with its origins in recent policy theory that to date has not been applied to educational contexts.

  4. 基于新课程改革的地理教学策略研究%Research on the geography teaching strategies based on new curriculum reform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈潭

    2014-01-01

    随着新课程改革步伐的推进、现代教育技术的快速发展,如何提升教学质量与教学水平成为中学地理教学探索研究的重要课题。通过对当前中学地理教学现状分析,寻找出存在的问题,并对新课程背景下提升地理教学水平与教学质量提出有针对性的建议。%With the rapid pace of development of the new curriculum reform,modern education technology,how to improve the teaching quality and teaching level has become an important topic to explore the middle school geography teaching research. Through the analysis of the present situation of middle school geography teaching,find out the existing problems,and the background of the new curriculum of geography teaching level and enhance the teaching quality and put forward relevant proposals.

  5. 基于CDIO模式的高职技师课程开发探讨%Study on curriculum reform of higher vocational technician based on CDIO approach

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    查荣

    2013-01-01

    Referenced model and standards of curriculum reform of higher vocational technician cultivation are provided by CDIO approach.According to the model,syl abus,standards and evaluation of CDIO,the development,design,operation and assessment of curriculum are analyzed.It is emphasized that the three-level project-based learning should run through whole process in order to cultivating students’vocational ability.%  CDIO模式为高职院校技师课程体系开发提供了参考模型和标准。本文对照CDIO的模型、大纲、标准和评价对课程开发、课程设计、课程实施和课程评价分别进行分析,特别强调了课程要以具体的三级实践项目贯穿教学,培养学生的实际职业能力。

  6. Curriculum Testing on the Persistent Fringes: Neoliberal Policy and the New Regime of Title I High School Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sturges, Keith M.

    2015-01-01

    Neoliberal policies have opened the door to a steady stream of contract providers who assist struggling schools while producing market-ready reforms. This ethnographic example of Allport High School illustrates how constant aid, in combination with internal market expansion, destabilizes school structures, obscures curricula, and transfers local…

  7. Difficulties in the new physical education curriculum reform and strategies for breaking through%体育新课程改革中的难题及其突破策略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡志强

    2013-01-01

    对体育课增强体质、体育课融合健康教育、体育课实施模块教学、体育课适宜性教材确定、体育课准确性教学目标设置等困扰体育课程改革的问题进行分析,建议通过加强研究完善体育课程与教学理论、创造条件为顺利实施课改保驾护航、开辟第二课堂有效促进体质健康水平等策略突破体育课改中遇到的难题。%The author analyzed problems which confuse the physical education curriculum reform, such as physical education classes enhancing physical quality, physical education classes blending into health education, physical education classes implementing modular teaching, determination of textbooks suitable for physical education classes, setup of teaching objectives accurate for physical education classes, and suggested to break through diffi-culties encountered in the curriculum reform by implementing strategies such as strengthening the study and perfec-tion of the physical education curriculum and teaching theories, creating conditions for ensuring the smooth imple-mentation of the curriculum reform, opening secondary classrooms to effectively promote physical health level etc.

  8. 论教师在数学课程改革中的角色和作用%A Research on Mathematics Teachers Role and Function in a Mathematical Curriculum Reform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨玉东; 孙名符; 冯振杰

    2001-01-01

    通过分析数学教师在数学课程改革中各阶段的角色,打破了那种认为“数学教师仅仅是数学课程改革中的实践者”的传统观念,并得出了这样一个结论:在一次数学课程改革中,任何一个教师都有可能以动力或阻力的形式出现.从而使人们重新估价数学教师在一次数学课程改革中所具有的关键性作用.%This thesis,on the basis of analyzing the mathematics teachers role on each stage of a mathematical curriculum reform,attempts to challenge the traditional opinion that “A mathematics teacher is only an operator of the mathematical curriculum in the reform”, and also draws a conclusion that each mathematics teacher would probably be an advocator or an objector in the mathematical curriculum reform.So the paper suggests that the mathematics teachersfunction in the mathematical curriculum reform should be evaluated again by the society.

  9. 项目课程模式下商务英语翻译教学改革%Teaching Reform of Business English Translation under Project Curriculum Mode

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高梅

    2016-01-01

    项目课程模式的目标是提高职业教育质量,提升学生职业能力,满足企业对职业技能型人才的要求。将传统的学科体系课程中的知识内容转化为若干个教学项目,围绕职业工作内容创设交际情境,借助模拟的工作任务来展开教学过程,给学生机会实际运用输入的语言技能和专业知识,让学生在学中做,做中学的一种教学方法。这种“通过语言做事”的方法有助于将商务英语翻译技能与商务英语专业知识相融合,提高教学效果。本文通过分析当前高职院校商务英语翻译教学现状提出基于项目课程模式下的商务英语教学改革及措施,为高职院校商务英语翻译教学改革提供参考。%The aim of project curriculum mode is to improve the quality of vocational education, improve students' professional ability, and meet enterprises' requirements for vocational and technical talents. Under this mode, the knowledge of the traditional curriculum system is transferred into a number of teaching projects, and the communication context is created around the content of vocational work. The teaching process is developed in the form of simulated tasks, to give students the opportunity to actually use their language skills and professional knowledge, to realize learning by doing. This "work with language" approach is helpful for the integration of business English translation skills and business English professional knowledge, so as to improve the teaching effectiveness. This paper analyzes the present situation of business English translation teaching in higher vocational colleges, and puts forward the teaching reform measures of business English based on the project curriculum mode, which can provide reference for the reform of business English translation teaching in vocational colleges.

  10. Study on Curriculum Setting Reform for Physical Education Majors in Colleges of Liaoning%辽宁省体育教育本科专业课程设置改革研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    关硕

    2011-01-01

    The physical education curriculum is one of the important curricula which raise young people full scale development in the elementary education stage.Institutions of higher learning specialized in sports education as the "master machine" which bring up sports teachers,its curriculum content establishment reform,directly relate to our country elementary education sports teachers level enhancement and educational reform success or failure.Through the methods of literature,expert interview and other research techniques,the paper carries on the analysis of curriculum program reform for physical education majors in six colleges of Liaoning,proposes the rationalization reform proposal,which aims at providing reference to further deepening college physical education major course content and the curriculum reform.%体育课程是基础教育阶段培养青少年全面发展的重要课程之一,高等院校体育教育专业作为培养体育师资的"工作母机",其课程内容设置的改革,直接关系到我国基础教育体育师资水平的提高和教改的成败。文章运用文献资料法、专家访谈法等方法,对辽宁省6所高等院校体育教育本科专业的课程设置进行分析,提出辽宁省高等院校体育教育专业本科课程设置的一些改革建议,旨在为进一步深化辽宁省高等院校体育教育专业教学内容和课程设置改革提供参考依据。

  11. Chinese Writing Curriculum Reforms in Hong Kong in Recent Years and Their Impact on Teaching and Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tse, Shek-kam; Hui, Sau-yan

    2016-01-01

    An account is presented of how schools in Hong Kong have responded to major changes to the official writing curriculum, from the highly structured, whole-class approach which predominantly involved all students in the class painstakingly learning written script and modeling their writing on carefully chosen examples of traditional writing, to an…

  12. Transnational Policy Transfer over Three Curriculum Reforms in Finland: The Constructions of Conditional and Purposive Programs (1994-2016)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sivesind, Kirsten; Afsar, Azita; Bachmann, Kari E.

    2016-01-01

    This article examines how three national curricula for basic education in Finland reflect transnational policy perspectives from 1994 to the present. By developing a conceptual apparatus for curriculum analysis, we examine how national curricula in Finland can be interpreted as modifications of transnational policy transfers shaped by…

  13. Decision-making and preventive non-surgical therapy in the context of a European core curriculum in cariology

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    P. Bottenberg; D.N.J. Ricketts; C. van Loveren; C. Rahiotis; A.G. Schulte

    2011-01-01

    This paper is part of a series of papers towards a European Core Curriculum in Cariology for undergraduate dental students. The European Core Curriculum in Cariology is the outcome of a joint workshop of the European Organisation for Caries Research (ORCA) together with the Association for Dental Ed

  14. The Stuttgart Reform Concept.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bienert, F.

    1987-01-01

    Reviews curriculum reform being implemented at the Library School of Stuttgart for students planning to work in public libraries. Components of the new curriculum include core courses in library science, electives in special areas of librarianship, seminars in chosen subject disciplines, and field work in libraries and government agencies. (LRW)

  15. 高职外语类“工学结合”课程改革与ESP课程建设研究——以浙江嘉兴职业技术学院应用英语课程改革为个案%Curriculum Reform of Foreign Languages in Mode of "Combination of Learning and Working" in Vocational Colleges and ESP Curriculum Construction --A Case of English Curriculum Reform in Jiaxing Vocational and Technical College

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟建国

    2011-01-01

    高职教育,一是培养人做人(使人成为人),二是培养人做事(使人成为某一类人或能做某一类事的人)。以浙江嘉兴职业技术学院应用英语课程改革为例,通过长三角地区企业对用人岗位和对个人能力要求以及毕业生对工作岗位的调适性问卷调查,应用多种职业教育理论剖析高职外语类的课程改革方向与过程,并在个案基础上提出高职高专外语类课程改革应突出和适应"工学结合、就业导向"的人才培养模式;高职外语类专业教学应该融工作过程和工作情景于教学过程和教学情景之中,凸显ESP课程建设,实现课程设置与经济发展和市场需求的均衡与统一,以有利于高职教育加大对既会做人、又会做事的应用型技能人才的培养。%Higher vocational education is firstly to mould students into people suitable to the society and secondly to make students become people with professional skills. The paper, taking English curriculum reform in Jiaxing Vocational and Technical College as a case, analyzes the feasible reform on foreign language curriculum in higher vocational schools and the reform orientation based on the investigation by questionnaire of enterprise working positions and enterprise requirements for college graduates in the Yangtze River Delta areas, and argues that the reform of foreign language courses will have to emphasize the talent cultivation in the mode of "combination of learning and working" , protrude ESP curriculum construction, and make the foreign language curriculum suitable for market requirement.

  16. Misrecognition and science education reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brandt, Carol B.

    2012-09-01

    In this forum, I expand upon Teo and Osborne's discussion of teacher agency and curriculum reform. I take up and build upon their analysis to further examine one teacher's frustration in enacting an inquiry-based curriculum and his resulting accommodation of an AP curriculum. In this way I introduce the concept of misrecognition (Bourdieu and Passeron 1977) to open up new ways of thinking about science inquiry and school reform.

  17. 三亚学院大学体育课程改革理论框架体系设计研究%On the Framework Design of Sanya College Sports Curriculum Reform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    葛耀; 施鲜丽; 魏增光; 郝艳龙

    2013-01-01

    The paper puts forward a new conception of college sports curriculum from the current situations and development trend of the college sports curriculum reform. It summaries the present situations and the existing problems of Sanya College sports curriculum, and combining with the education ideas and value orientation of Sanya College, and designs the idea of Sanya College sports curriculum, and then establishes a new framework for Sanya College sports curriculum reform.%  文章从当前大学体育改革的现状和趋势出发,提出对大学体育课程的新理解;总结三亚学院大学体育课程现状及存在的问题,结合三亚学院育人理念和价值导向,设计三亚学院体育课程理念,进而构建三亚学院的体育课程改革框架体系。

  18. 双主体模式下高职电子商务专业课程体系改革探索%Exploration on the reform of the curriculum system of electronic commerce in Higher Vocational Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐文瑞

    2015-01-01

    课程体系是高质量人才培养的关键,高职电子商务专业,应从职业岗位的需求出发,改革传统的电子商务课程体系,校企合作,切实提高电子商务人才培养质量.%Curriculum system is the key to cultivate high quality talent,e-commerce major of higher vocational education,starting from the professional post demand,reform the traditional curriculum system of electronic commerce,school enterprise cooperation, and effectively improve the e-commerce personnel training quality.

  19. E-Commerce Professional Curriculum Reform and Thinking on Face the Job Market Demands%面对就业市场的需求电子商务专业课程体系改革与思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏曼

    2011-01-01

    This paper analyzes e-business market demand for talent from the start,analyze existing curriculum and professional job market needs to face the competitiveness of some of the professional development and curriculum development and reform proposals.%本文从分析电子商务市场人才需求入手,分析现有的课程体系与专业面对就业市场需求的竞争力,提出一些对专业发展和课程体系建设与改革的建议。

  20. Discussion on the Reform Design of Logistics Management Curriculum in Higher Vocational Colleges%高职院校物流管理课程改革设计探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘永建

    2015-01-01

    本文在分析《物流管理》实施课程改革必要性的基础上,提出课程教学改革的设计理念,从课程的教学目标、教学内容、教学方法、教学资源、课程考核体系等方面进行设计,并对课程的教学师资提出了要求,以促进高职院校管理类专业课程的建设与发展。%Based on the analysis about the necessity of implementing curriculum reform of Logistics Management, this paper put forward the overall design concept from the curriculum goal, curriculum contents, teaching methods, curriculum teaching resources, curriculum examination system and curriculum teaching requirements for teachers, so as to promote the construction and development of management specialty curriculums in higher vocational colleges.

  1. 探析“以项目贯穿”开展高职专业课改%Specialty Curriculum Reform by "project- impenetrated" in High Vocational Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨颖

    2011-01-01

    专业课课改,透过模拟具体工作岗位和工作环节,培养学生的专业技能。调动师生教与学两个主体在课改上的积极性。文章探讨项目设计、项目中知识传授、项目考核等课改核心环节。%The specialty curriculum reform aims at developing students' professional skills through simulation of specific jobs and post and motivating teachers" and students" initiative in the Curriculum reform. This article discusses the project design, knowledge transfer, project assessment and other important elements

  2. 特殊教育专业盲文课程教学改革初探%Exploration on Teaching Reform of Braille Curriculums in Special Education Major

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙宇; 李纯莲; 王艳梅

    2015-01-01

    介绍了我国高等教育中盲文课程的设置情况、分析了特教师资队伍在盲文教学及应用方面的不足,提出了盲文课程教学改革的思路并对其核心问题进行了详细的论证,以期在特教师资培养阶段解决以上问题.本文设计的改革方案,丰富了课程教学内容,明确了各内容的教学侧重点,提出了明盲对照版教材制作思路,探讨了增设课程实践学时的必要性,重新审视了特教师资学生实践能力的培养目标,不仅具有理论可行性,而且问卷调查表明具有一定的现实意义.%This paper introduces the setting of Braille curriculums in Chinese higher education,analyzes the shortage of those teachers who are engaged in special education when applying Braille,presents the reform ideas and makes the detailed demonstration to its core problems,hoping to solve the problems above at the stage of teachers training.The reform scheme designed enriches the teaching con-tents,clarifies the teaching emphasis for each item,puts forward the making idea for Chinese word-Braille contrast printed textbook,dis-cusses the necessity of increasing the practice course hours,reexamines the cultivation target of special educational practical ability for teachers and students,which not only has theoretical feasibility,but also has certain practical significance through questionnaire survey.

  3. On Teaching Reform of Auditing Practice Curriculum in Higher Vocational Colleges%高职院校审计实务课程教学改革研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张艳玲

    2014-01-01

    当前,随着政治环境、经济环境的不断变化,高职院校会计专业审计实务课程教学在一定程度上难以与审计课程应用性强的特点相适应,进而与应用型人才培养目标相违背,与预期效果相比,实际教学效果存在较大的差距。本文通过对高职高专审计实务课程教学中存在的问题进行分析,同时提出相应的改革措施,进而在一定程度上为高职院校审计实务课程教学改革提供参考依据。%At present, with the changes of political environment and economic environment, it seems difficult for audit practice teaching of accounting professional in higher vocational colleges to consistent with audit course's characteristic of strong applicability, thus contrary to the goal of applied talents cultivation. Compared with the expected results, there is a big gap between the actual teaching effects. Analyzing the problems existed in audit practice teaching in higher vocational colleges; this paper puts forward the corresponding reform measures, aims to provide reference for the teaching reform of auditing practice curriculum in higher vocational colleges.

  4. 高校课堂教学改革:一种教师课程意识视角的思考%On the University Teaching Reform: A Conception Based on Teachers' Curriculum Consciousness

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘旭; 梁婷

    2012-01-01

    The curriculum consciousness of university teachers is the core factor for the reform of teaching in universities. The weakness of curriculum consciousness is the main cause for the hard promotion of university teaching reform. To highly improve the university teaching reform, the reformer should strengthen the teachers' curriculum consciousness to position them as the main body of the reform ; evoke the design consciousness to improve the design level ability; stimulate the generation consciousness to escalate the teaching effect; promote the comprehensive evaluation consciousness to scientifically evaluate the teaching effect.%高校教师的课程意识是影响高校课堂教学改革的核心因素。目前高校教师课程意识不强,成为高校课堂教学改革难以落到实处的重要原因。为切实提高高校课堂教学改革实效,从教师课程意识视角而言,应着力强化教师的课程主体意识,实现课堂教学改革的主体到位;唤醒教师的课堂教学设计意识,提高教学设计水平;催发教师的生成意识,切实提高课堂教学效果;引导教师的综合评价意识,实现对课堂教学效果的科学评定。

  5. Reform of the Teaching of Mechatronics Curriculum Design%机械电子专业课程设计的教学改革

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨丽曼; 沈东凯

    2012-01-01

    在“机械电子专业课程设计”现状分析的基础上,开展了教学内容与教学模式的改革与探索性实践.坚持航空航天特色和工程观点,将教学与科研相结合,更新丰富了课程设计题目,细化和规范化了课程设计过程.基于任务教学和研讨教学理论建立了集中授课、分组协作、汇报与研讨相结合的多层次研究型教学模式和关注过程的综合成绩评定方法.初步的教学实践表明新的教学内容和方法激发了学生潜在的创新意识和自主学习的兴趣,在培养和提升创新实践能力与工程素养方面取得了显著效果.%Based on the analysis of the current status of Mechatronics Curriculum Design, the reform of the teaching content and method is explored and practiced. The topics of curriculum design are renewed and enriched, and the designing process is refined and normalized in view of the engineering concept and aeronautics & astronautics characteristics. The multi-level research-oriented teaching model is established in reference to task-based and seminar-based approaches. The evaluation method concerning the process is optimized. The teaching practice reveals that the new methods arouse the potential sense of innovation and enhance the creative ability of students.

  6. 高职院校武术课程组织模式的改革%Reform on the Curriculum Organization Model of Wushu in Higher Vocational Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李鸯

    2014-01-01

    以云南国防工业职业技术学院为例,分析了目前高职院校的武术课程组织模式的不足,主要体现在武术课程的内容设置、课程的组织形式等方面。在此基础上,结合学校特点,提出了调整和丰富武术课的教学内容、改进教学方法、完善教学环境、提高学生对武术的认识水平及提高教师业务素质等改革举措,转变教学观念,针对学生兴趣爱好和学习动机设置课程的内容和组织教法安排,在武术课的教学中大力实施创新教育。%Exemplified by Yunnan Vocational& Technical Col-lege of National Defense Industry, this paper analyzed the short-comings of the curriculum organization model of Wushu in higher vocational colleges,mainly reflecting in content setting and orga-nization form. Based on this,combined with college characteris-tics,this paper proposed corresponding reform measures, such as adjusting and enriching the teaching content of Wushu, improving teaching methods, perfecting teaching environment, improving students' recognition of Wushu and improving teachers' profes-sional qualities, and besides, the teacher should transform teach-ing ideas, set curriculum content and organize teaching methods in accordance with students' interest and learning motivation, and vigorously implement innovative education in Wushu teaching.

  7. 微生物学实验课程的改革与实践%Reform and Practice of Experimental Curriculum in Microbiology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁生; 徐旭士; 戴传超; 何伟; 张茵

    2012-01-01

    改革现有实验教学模式和内容,围绕微生物学科研项目,将微生物学实验课程设计成环境微生物多样性调查,产酶微生物的筛选、鉴定、培养与选育,水质微生物学检验3个模拟研究实验模块,每个实验模块围绕一个科学问题的解决而设置,从而将微生物学基本实验技术和方法的传授融合在研究型实验过程中,形成一种综合性、研究型微生物学实验课程教学模式。%To reform the previous model and content of experimental teaching,centered on the research project of microbiology,experimental curriculum in microbiology is designed into three imitated research experimental modules,which include diverse investigation on environmental microbe,choice,appraisal,cultivation and breeding of enzyme-producing microbe,and examination of water-microbiology,each of which focuses on the resolution of a scientific problem.Furthermore,the instruction of basic experiment skills and methods of microbiology is integrated in the process of research experiments,and then forms an integrated and research teaching model for experimental curriculum in microbiology.

  8. 河北省学生体质发展与体育课程改革研究%The Reform Research on the Students Physique Development and Sports Curriculum in Hebei

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘素卿

    2011-01-01

    对河北省学校体育课程改革的现状进行分析,认为体育课程理论研究贫瘠与滞后、体育教师的文化阻滞与能力缺陷是导致教学变革迟滞的因素。提出了构建体现河北特色的体育课程体系;营造支持性的学校合作文化,建立以校为本的教学研究制度;探索体育教师教育一体化模式的深化体育课程改革等基本思路。%This paper makes analysis on the status quo of sports curriculum reform in Hebei schools and holds that the theoretical research of sports courses is rare and backward.The cultural retardation and lack of ability are the main factors which hinder the teaching reform.This paper points out that we should construct the sports curriculum system that embodies Hebei characteristics,build supportative cooperation culture,establish school-centered teaching research policy and explore sports teachers integration mode to deepen the sports curriculum reform.

  9. 关于传质分离技术课程项目化教学改革探索%Project Teaching Reform on Mass Transfer Separation Technology Curriculum

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李洪林

    2013-01-01

      课程改革是当前高职教学改革的核心任务。依据工学结合理念开发的项目化导向的《传质分离技术》课程,突出了高职教学特色。该课程对课程体系、教学内容、教学方法、教学手段、考核评价方式等方面进行了全方位改革,并按项目化教学要求改进了实训条件,采用“任务驱动、项目导向”的方法,实现了“教、学、做”一体化,收到了良好的教学效果。%The curriculum reform is the core task of teaching reform in vocational colleges. Based on the combination of learning with working, we developed the project-oriented Mass Transfer Separation Technology curriculum which highlighted the characteristics of higher vocational education. It reformed the curriculum system, teaching content, teaching method, teaching mean, and examination method etc., and improved training conditions; it used the teaching methodology of "task-driven" and "project-oriented", realized the integration of teaching, learning and doing, and received a good teaching effect.

  10. 浅议普通高校体育课程改革的成就、问题与对策%On Achievements,Problems and Countermeasures of College PE Curriculum Reform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周艳华

    2012-01-01

    以《全国普通高等学校体育课程教学指导纲要》为指导的高校体育课程改革切实取得了阶段性的成就,推进了高校体育课程教学的发展与完善,但也暴露出一些不容忽视的问题。文章结合当前社会与教育改革实践,在继承与发展的基础上围绕存在的问题,提出拓展高校体育课程改革的对策。%"National College Physical Education Curriculum Teaching Guidelines" for college sports curriculum reform effectively achieved stage success,to promote the development and improvement of teaching in college sports,but also exposed some of the problems can not be ignored.The current practice of social and educational reform,on the basis of inheritance and development around the existing problems,the proposed expansion of the college sports curriculum reform countermeasures.

  11. Reflections on Curriculum Reform in Higher Vocational Colleges Based on Experiential Learning Theory%基于“体验学习”视角的高职课程改革反思

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏振乾; 丁钟复

    2011-01-01

    Suppose the current curriculum reform in higher vocational colleges is a new thing to be learned,the teachers who participate in the reform are learners.Based on the theory of "experiential learning",the paper analyzes the present situations of curriculum reform in higher vocational colleges from the perspectives of curriculum development,implementation and evaluation.It points out the crux of all the problems,and puts forward the countermeasures.%把当前进行的高职课程改革作为一项新事物,将参与课程改革的教师放在学习者的位置,借助"体验学习"理论,对当前高职课程改革在课程开发、课程实施和课程评价三方面现状进行分析,指出了课程改革过程中众多问题的症结所在,并提出了解决问题的思路。

  12. 基础教育改革背景下的《科学》课程新理念%New Idea of "Science" Curriculum Under Elementary Education Reform Background

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李道华

    2011-01-01

    新课程给课堂教学带来巨大的变化,新课程与以往课程最根本的区别在于理念,新课程所蕴含的先进教育理念反映了当今时代经济全球化、文化多元化、社会信息化的特点,体现了世界教育发展的趋势。《科学》课程是一门新设置的综合性理科课程,以培养学生科学素养为宗旨的科学入门学科,包含原有的物理、化学、生物、地理等学科,在实施《科学》课程的过程中,能否将新课程理念转化为教师的教学行为,是新课程改革能否成功的关键。%The new curriculum brings the huge change for the classroom instruction. The new curriculum differs most from the former curriculum in the idea. The new curriculum contains the advanced education ideas which reflect the present era economy globalization, the cultural diversity, the social information characteristic, has manifested the world education development tendency. "Science" the curriculum is a new establishment comprehensive science subjects curriculum, taking raises of the students' scientific accomplishment as the objective science basic discipline. It also contains original disciplines as physics, chemistry, biology, geography and son on. In implements of "Science" in the curriculum process, transforming the new curriculum idea as our teacher's teaching behavior, is key to that whether the new curriculum does reform succeeds.

  13. 從八年研究實驗課程經驗反思高中課程改革的挑戰 Challenges of the High School Curriculum Reform: Reflections from the Experimental Curriculum Experience of the Eight-Year Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    宋明娟 Min-Chuan Sung

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available 高中課程改革的問題牽涉多端,本文旨在藉由美國二十世紀30至40年代之著名教育實驗「八年研究」中的課程議題,反思高中課程改革所面臨的挑戰。論述架構主要分為四個層面,首先回顧八年研究實驗課程的歷史意義與評價,其次討論八年研究推動過程中所涉入的課程實務議題;繼之據以提出八年研究實驗課程經驗的批判反思,來釐清課程改革之目的、定位、意義與價值的重要;最後則延 伸探討其對高中課程改革的啟示,藉之,希冀能為臺灣高中課程改革議題,提供不同的思維面向,以促進更審慎、更周延的高中課程改革決策。 High school curriculum reform involves many complicated issues. This study aims to discuss the challenges of high school curriculum reform by addressing the curriculum issues reflected in the Eight-Year Study, the well-known educational experiment conducted in the United States from 1930s to 1940s. Firstly, the authors review the historical significance of the experimental curriculum and the recommendations rendered by the Progressive Education Association at the end of the experiment. Then, this study discusses the issues involved in the implementation of the experimental curriculum in the Eight-Year Study. Additionally, the authors offer some critical reflections to rethink the curriculum experiment experience of the Eight-Year Study. Finally, this study addresses the implications of the issues and recommendations for the current high school curriculum reform in Taiwan. It is hoped that through the review of the historical curriculum events, this paper can provide different perspectives for more thoughtful deliberation in the policy making of the current high school curriculum reform.

  14. Discussion on the reform of building information management BIM and vocational building CAD curriculum%谈建筑信息化 BIM 与高职建筑 CAD 课程的改革

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    傅竹松

    2015-01-01

    介绍了建筑行业建筑信息化模型设计的两次变革,简述了两次变革的特征,并分析了建筑信息化模型在建筑生命周期中的应用情况,提出了建筑类高职院校建筑CAD课程改革的思路与意见。%The paper introduces twice model design reforms of building information management,describes properties of twice reforms,analyzes the application of building information management model in building life cycle,and finally puts forward reform concepts and ideas of building CAD curriculum in vocational building colleges.

  15. Multilingual sharing tourism foreign language curriculum resources development and teaching reform%多语种共享旅游外语课程资源开发与教学改革

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈为民

    2013-01-01

    Tourism English course is an occupation foreign language courses, teaching reform based on working process is an effective way to activate the occupation foreign language courses, a new teaching mode requires the development of new curriculum resources, tourism English curriculum resources development and the high quality of the time-consuming, try various devices to achieve multilingual sharing, can save resources, concentrated force the development of high quality curriculum resources, and deepening the teaching reform and exploring the teaching method suitable for these curriculum resources.%旅游外语课程是一门职业外语课程,进行基于工作过程的教学改革是激活职业外语课程的有效途径,采用新的教学模式需要开发新的课程资源,开发高质量的旅游外语课程资源费时耗力,想方设法实现多语种共享,可以节约资源,集中力量开发高质量的课程资源,并深化教学改革探索适合这些课程资源的教学方法。

  16. 基于演学结合模式下的音乐表演专业课程改革实践%The Music Performance Curriculum Reform Based on the Mode of Performing and Studying Combination

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘锋

    2013-01-01

    本文分析了传统音乐表演专业课程体系存在的弊端,探讨如何基于演学结合模式下进行高专音乐表演专业课程的改革实践,提出了构建“123”课程体系,培养具有较强实践动手能力和工作能力、符合岗位需求、具有较高就业竞争力的学生。%This paper analyzes the malpractices of traditional educational music performance curriculum ;discusses the music per-formance curriculum reform which base on the mode of performing and studying combination ;proposes to build the“123 curric-ulum system” to train the students’ better capability of practice and make them more competitive when finding jobs.

  17. 重视职业生涯规划设计,推进中职创业课程改革%To Value Career Planning and Design and Promote Secondary Vocational Curriculum Reform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    雷敏

    2014-01-01

    以职业生涯规划设计为主线进行创业课程改革,用职业生涯规划设计情况以及该规划实践情况作为创业课程的考核、评价指标之一,有助于解决当前中职创业课程中存在的突出问题。%Taking career planning design as the main line for entrepreneurship curriculum reform and using career planning and the planning practice as one of the evaluation indexs of entrepreneurship curriculum is helpful to solve the outstanding problems that exist in the current secondary vocational entrepreneurship curriculum.

  18. 技能竞赛与“可编程序控制器应用”课程教学改革%Discussion on the Curriculum Reform of Application of Programmable Controller from Skill Competition Aspect

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄震宇

    2012-01-01

    Application of programmable controller is one of the core curriculums in our Mechatronics major.To meet the market demanding and the own characteristics of the course,with the observation on the recent years' skill competition,the author,focusing on the curriculum theory and practice under the current situation in our vocational college,tries to explore some educational reforms and thus aims to improve the quality and effect of curriculum education.%"可编程序控制器(PLC)应用"是机电一体化专业的核心专业课程,根据社会对人才的需求和课程自身的特点,将职业技能竞赛融入该课程的理论与改革实践,可进一步提高该课程的教学质量和效果。

  19. Discussion about the curriculum reform of Microeconomics%浅谈微观经济学课程改革

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩燕

    2014-01-01

    在分析微观经济学课程特点的基础上,结合教学实践,分析了教学过程中存在的问题,并探讨了教学内容、教学方法等方面的新尝试,为该课程的教学改革提出了新的思路。%Based on analyzing the characteristics of micro economics course,combining the teaching practice,analyzes the existing problems in the teaching process,a new attempt and explore the teaching content,teaching methods,put forward new ideas for teaching reform in the course.

  20. 新课程理念下的课堂教学管理%On the Classroom Management in the New Curriculum Reform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏肖; 金海清

    2014-01-01

    The results of classroom management are effected by the preparation for classroom teaching, teacher attainments and class scale. The classroom management in the new curriculum reform has some characteristics,such as scientific,student-centered,paying close attention to teaching effect. In order to improve the results of classroom management,efforts need to be made to optimize the relationship between teachers and students,improve the teachers’ attainments,and make better the ways of classroom management.%课堂教学管理效果受课堂教学准备情况、教师个人素养以及班级规模的影响。新课程理念下的课堂教学管理具有科学性、以学生为本、以提高教学效益为旨归等特点。为提高课堂教学管理效果应努力优化师生关系,提高教师个人素养,并改进课堂教学管理模式。

  1. Teaching Reform of Postgraduate Curriculum about Software Endnote%浅谈研究生《Endnote》课程的教学改革

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王春艳; 王卫红; 聂志

    2011-01-01

    目的 探讨研究生课程的重要性及教学改革.方法 对研究生先讲授的基本用法,然后主要由学生亲自进行实际操作,同时进行指导.结果 所有研究生均能在短时间内基本掌握 的基本用法.结论 该教学方式使理论与实践紧密结合,易于学生理解.实现真正意义上的互动教学,变成现场教学,极大地提高了教学的质量.%Objective To investigate the significance and the teaching reform of postgraduate curriculum about software Endnote. Method The fundamental usage about software Endnote was firstly instructed, and then postgraduates practically operated by themselves combining with teacher's guide. Result All postgraduates can understand the basic usage about software Endnote during shorter period. Conclusions The theory and the practice can be combined together by this teaching method. which is understood easily by postgraduates.Interaction and practical teaching can be realized. and the teaching quality can be improved significantly.

  2. 《城市设计》课程教学改革与探索%The reform and pursuance of《urban design》curriculum and instruction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    雷文韬

    2016-01-01

    本文以湖南城市学院城乡规划专业为例,系统的总结了城市设计课程体系建立的经验,从教学组织、教学内容、教学方法和成果评审四个方面提出了教学改革的思路,旨在提高设计类课程的教学质量,实现高素质应用型人才的培养目标。%The paper cites Hunan City University Urban Planning specialty as an instance, systematically summarizes experience from the evolution of curriculum, meanwhile puts forward reform thoughts based on four aspects from Teaching organization、Teaching content、Teaching methods and Achievement evaluation, which to improve teaching quality in design lessons and to realize the target of cultivating high-quality talents.

  3. Nursing Ethics Curriculum Examination Reform and Teaching Improvement%《护理伦理学》课程考试改革及教学促进

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张凤英; 李晓玲; 郭红霞; 胡晓林

    2013-01-01

    Objective:The purpose of this study is to change the method of terminal examination evaluation system and explore a new assessment system.Methods:The 66 nursing students attended the innovation of examination for Nursing Ethics.Results:In 66 students,84.5% satisfied with innovation of examination,87.1% agreed with the evaluation method.Conclusions:The nursing ethics curriculum examination reform could help the students attaching importance to the learning process,improve the students'learning enthusiasm and creativity,cultivate the students' ability of nursing ethical decisions.%目的 改变以期末考试评价整个教学过程的评价方式,形成新的学习考核方式.方法 护理本科生66人参加《护理伦理学》课程改革.结果 84.5%学生满意课程改革,87.1%的同学赞同将学习过程纳入考核.结论 开展《护理伦理学》课程考试改革,促进了学生重视学习过程,提高了学生的学习积极性和创造性,培养了学生的护理伦理决策能力.

  4. 中职德育课程改革探究%Research on the Curriculum Reform of Moral Education in Secondary Vocational Schools

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李昌骏

    2014-01-01

    Moral vocational courses and the actual needs of the students out of touch, but also teaching in the form of a single other issues, there is need for reform. By humanistic educational theory and constructivist learning theory as the theoretical support implementation methodology constructed so that moral education courses return to nature, to determine the student center and other ideas put forward transform curriculum management tools, to develop a variety of moral resources.%目前中职德育课程与学生实际需求脱节,又有教学形式单一等问题,有改革的必要性。由人本主义教育理论和建构主义学习理论作为理论支撑构建了让德育课程回归本质、确定学生中心等思路,提出变换课程管理手段、开发各种德育资源等实施方法。

  5. On the Mutual Promotion of Sports Curriculum Reform and Sunshine Sports%体育课程改革与阳光体育如何相互促进

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵金武

    2013-01-01

    随着《国家中长期教育改革和发展规划纲要》的出台,新一轮的教育改革已经全面实施。新形势下,体育课程改革与阳光体育如何相互促进是学校体育教育教学所面临的问题。本文根据本溪市体育教育教学工作的实际,提出了体育课程改革与阳光体育相互促进的解决策略,即树立“健康第一”的指导思想、以增强学生体质健康作为主线、以“2+1项目”为载体、以阳光体育项目内容作为国家体育课程标准的教学内容的提高点、以开发体育课程资源为亮点。最后本文提出新形势下,体育课程改革与阳光体育相互促进的有效途径。%With the announcement of "Outline of the National Medium and Long-Term Program for Education Reform and De-velopment", a new round of education reform has been compre-hensively implemented. In the new situation, the mutual promo-tion of sports curriculum reform and sunshine sports is an issue for the education and teaching of school sports. In accordance with the practice of sports education and teaching in Benxi City, the countermeasures for the mutual promotion of sports curricu-lum reform and sunshine sports are proposed, such as the estab-lishment of "health first" as the guiding ideology, taking the strengthening of students' physical health as the main line, taking"2+1 project"as the carrier, taking sunshine sports project as the contents to promote national sports curriculum standard, and highlighting the development of sports curriculum resources. In the end, the effective measures for the mutual promotion of sports curriculum reform and sunshine sports in the new situation are put forward.

  6. 基于《教师教育课程标准》的儿童发展心理学课程改革%Curriculum Reform of Children Developmental Psychology Based on "Teacher Education Curriculum Standards"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    江建华

    2014-01-01

    The essay mainly discusses the teaching reform of Children Developmental Psychology under "Teacher Education Curriculum Standards".In order to improve the teaching effect , the teaching of Children Developmental Psychology should firmly establish the education -oriented teaching concept, highlight "one keyword, two main threads, four basic rules", carry out the teaching of "three level classes", build three -dimensional knowledge formula from "point"to "line"to "surface"and to "object"and pay attention to practice-oriented assessment.%文章主要探讨《教师教育课程标准(试行)》背景下,儿童发展心理学课程的教学改革。儿童发展心理学课程的教学应该牢固树立“育人为本”的教学理念,凸显“一个关键词,两条主线,四大基本规律”等重点内容,实施“三级课堂”教学,构建“点、线、面、体”的立体知识程式,注重考核的“实践”取向,以提升儿童发展心理学课程的教学效果。

  7. Focusing on Fundamental Issues of the High School Curriculum Reform: Interview with Professor Zhong QiQuan%关注高中课程改革的根本性问题——钟启泉教授访谈

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡惠闵; 周坤亮

    2012-01-01

    我国普通高中课程改革面临着一系列问题和挑战,离开了高中教育改革的前提性、根本性问题的求解,任何就事论事地探讨课程改革的设问和回答,都是无解的。我国普通高中教育发展正处于十字路口,高中教育是大众基础教育还是精英高中教育,是奠定每一个学生人格和学力发展的基础还是热衷发现和培养拔尖人才是不容回避的问题;高中课程建设的一系列基础研究已刻不容缓,特别是应更加关注对课程标准、学科建制、教师能量的研究;高中课程改革问题的研究应与教师教育问题的研究捆绑在一起,展开持之以恒的系统研究,而儿童学研究、教师学研究、教材学研究是教师教育的生命线。%The high school curriculum reform in China are facing with a series of problems and challenges. If deviating to solve the premise and fundamental problems of the high school curriculum reform, any rhetorical question and answer discussing curriculum reform case by case all have no solution. The development of high school education in China is at a crossroads. High school education is public basic education or elite high school education ; is the foundation laying every student' s personality and scholastic development or keen on discovering and developing top - notch talent. These are the unavoidable problems. A series of basic research on high school curriculum construction has been urgent, particularly needing to focus on the research on curriculum standard, subject construction and teacher energy. The study of problems of the high school curriculum reform should bundle to- gether with teacher education problems and go through persistent system research, while Children study, Teachers study and Teaching materials study are the lifeline of teacher education.

  8. Developing curriculum design expertise through teacher design teams

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Huizinga, Tjark

    2014-01-01

    To foster the design and especially the implementation of curriculum reform, teacher involvement from the early stages of curriculum reform processes is advocated. By fulfilling the role of designer, it is expected that teachers’ understanding of the reform and their ownership concerning the reform

  9. 基于新理念的高职体育课程改革研究%Higher vocational physical education curriculum reform research based on the new idea

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘小斌

    2014-01-01

    Today, highly focused on the construction and reform of higher vocational physical education curriculum, the ministry of education also chronological offered to"health sports"and"lifetime sports"as the core of new higher vocational physical education curriculum teaching concept for guidance. But the current higher vocational physical education curriculum reform, was the overall research level is not high, curriculum theory based on chaos, little empirical research and do not take the essence of physical education curriculum requirements, the outstanding problems. To better carry out higher vocational physical education curriculum reform, we must adhere to the"health first"guiding ideology, around the principle of quality education, combining the law of development of higher vocational education to establish scientific guiding ideology, to increase investment, to return to the subject status of its physical education curriculum, but also to ensure that the talents training goal of physical education curriculum reform can serve. Only comprehensive those measures can basically achieve the goal of higher vocational physical education curriculum reform.%当前国内各界对高职体育课程建设和改革的关注度不断提高,教育部也顺时提出以“健康体育”和“终身体育”为核心的新高职体育课程的教学理念来进行指导。然而当前的高职体育课程改革还是出现了整体研究层次不高、课程理论依据混乱、实证研究少及不重视体育课程本质要求等突出问题。为更好地开展高职体育课程改革,必须在坚持“健康第一”的指导思想和围绕素质教育这两个原则的基础上结合高职教育的发展规律确立科学的指导思想,另外还要不断加大体育改革人才的培养投入,让体育课程回到其应有的学科地位上,而且还要保证体育课程改革能够服务于人才培养目标。只有综合采取这些措施才能从根本上实现

  10. A serious game skills competition increases voluntary usage and proficiency of a virtual reality laparoscopic simulator during first-year surgical residents' simulation curriculum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    El-Beheiry, Mostafa; McCreery, Greig; Schlachta, Christopher M

    2017-04-01

    The objective of this study was to assess the effect of a serious game skills competition on voluntary usage of a laparoscopic simulator among first-year surgical residents' standard simulation curriculum. With research ethics board approval, informed consent was obtained from first-year surgical residents enrolled in an introductory surgical simulation curriculum. The class of 2013 served as a control cohort following the standard curriculum which mandates completion of six laparoscopic simulator skill tasks. For the 2014 competition cohort, the only change introduced was the biweekly and monthly posting of a leader board of the top three and ten fastest peg transfer times. Entry surveys were administered assessing attitudes towards simulation-based training and competition. Cohorts were observed for 5 months. There were 24 and 25 residents in the control and competition cohorts, respectively. The competition cohort overwhelmingly (76 %) stated that they were not motivated to deliberate practice by competition. Median total simulator usage time was 132 min (IQR = 214) in the competition cohort compared to 89 (IQR = 170) in the control cohort. The competition cohort completed their course requirements significantly earlier than the control cohort (χ (2) = 6.5, p = 0.01). There was a significantly greater proportion of residents continuing to use the simulator voluntarily after completing their course requirements in the competition cohort (44 vs. 4 %; p = 0.002). Residents in the competition cohort were significantly faster at peg transfer (194 ± 66 vs. 233 ± 53 s, 95 % CI of difference = 4-74 s; p = 0.03) and significantly decreased their completion time by 33 ± 54 s (95 % CI 10-56 s; paired t test, p = 0.007). A simple serious games skills competition increased voluntary usage and performance on a laparoscopic simulator, despite a majority of participants reporting they were not motivated by competition. Future directions

  11. Incentives from Curriculum Tracking

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koerselman, Kristian

    2013-01-01

    Curriculum tracking creates incentives in the years before its start, and we should therefore expect test scores to be higher during those years. I find robust evidence for incentive effects of tracking in the UK based on the UK comprehensive school reform. Results from the Swedish comprehensive school reform are inconclusive. Internationally, I…

  12. 21世纪以来法国基础教育课程改革及其启示%The French Basic Education Curriculum Reform in the 21st Century and Its Implication

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    和学新; 李博

    2016-01-01

    Factors such as the needs of talents in the globalization of knowledge economy,the wave of the world basic education curriculum reform,the decline of quality of the basic education,the great importance government attached to basic education reform and the EU policy have become the impetus of the basic education curriculum reform in France in the 21st Century.Since the beginning of the 21st century,the French basic education curriculum has been promoting equality for all students in curric-ulum ideas,taking focus on the cultivation of ability and the development of students as the purpose of curriculum,advancing with the times and emphasizing to connect with the world in the content of the curriculum,optimizing and gradually improving in the design of curriculum,continuously decen-tralizing power in curriculum management,adjusting the subject and emphasizing on the formative test in curriculum evaluation,and defining the competency standards of teacher and improving teacher training in the construction of teachers.France is also facing a lot of problems in the course of basic education curriculum reform,such as a coherent political system affecting curriculum reform,ideal curriculum reform encountering practical difficulties,new educational problems brought by massive influx of immigrants,unsolved problems of school failure,and education equity far from achieved. The experience and lessons of French basic education curriculum reform enlightened us to promote de-mocratization and legalization construction of curriculum programs,to flexibly design the curriculum to promote the personality development of students,to enhance the quality of teachers,to construct a teachers’training system,and with multi-pronged approach,to achieve the equity of basic educational.%知识经济全球化对人才培养的需要、世界基础教育课程改革的浪潮、基础教育质量下降、政府重视基础教育改革以及欧盟教育政策等,已成为推动法国21世纪

  13. How teen girls think about fertility and the reproductive lifespan. Possible implications for curriculum reform and public health policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Littleton, Fiona Kisby

    2014-09-01

    Despite an 'epidemic' of delayed childbirth in England and Wales beyond a woman's optimally fertile years, research shows that young adults are unaware of or misunderstand the risks regarding starting or extending families that such behaviour entails. Currently, sex education syllabi in British schools neglect these issues, rendering school leavers ignorant of them.These curricula cannot be improved until more is known about adolescents' knowledge of relevant topics. In the light of this, this article describes exploratory research on how teenage girls in one English school think about the reproductive lifespan. Going beyond recent 'scientific' investigations which have mostly only tested the extent of ignorance of young adults, this qualitative enquiry used theories of the life course and emerging adulthood to analyse data gathered in interviews. It sought to understand not only what girls know, but how they apply their knowledge in relation to their assumptions about aging, motherhood, pregnancy, parenting and employment. One finding is highlighted here: that whilst "correct" knowledge about the reproductive lifespan does appear to be held by teenage girls, the ability to apply that knowledge and connect the socio-cultural with the biological domain, may not always be in place. This is relevant for curriculum developers aiming to prepare future citizens to take full control of their reproductive health, and policy makers responsible for ensuring an appropriate public health message about these concerns is available after formal schooling ends.

  14. Research on Teaching Methods Reform for Welding Inspection Curriculum Based on Grouping Method%基于分组法的《焊接检验》课程教学方法改革研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石端虎

    2014-01-01

    Based on the existing problem analysis of classroom teaching for welding inspection curriculum, the teaching methods reform measurements of welding inspection curriculum were provided based on grouping method. The reform measurements of teaching methods are as follows, such as grouping method, students imitation teaching method, incentive method of active answer problem, research feeding teaching method, combination writing academic papers method and so on. Implement thinking and concrete scheme of each teaching methods reform were given, and the implement effects were introduced. Application and practice effects show that better effects are obtained for classroom teaching methods reform of welding inspection based on grouping method, and it can provide favorable reference for classroom teaching methods reform of other curricula.%本文在分析《焊接检验》课程课堂教学存在问题的基础上,提出了基于分组法的《焊接检验》课程教学方法改革措施。教学方法改革主要包括以下几个方面:分组讨论法、学生模仿授课法、主动回答问题奖励法、科研反哺教学法、联合撰写学术论文法。给出了每种教学方法改革的实施思路和具体方案,介绍了其实施成效。应用与实践效果表明基于分组法的《焊接检验》课程课堂教学方法改革取得了较好的成效,可为其它课程的课堂教学方法改革提供有益的参考。

  15. The Embodiment iof Tnnovative Curriculum Reform of Shipping Professional English%创新理念在船舶专业外语课程改革中的体现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭欣

    2012-01-01

    At present there exit some problems in the curriculum system of professiOnal English in higher vocationalshipping major, such as the unscientific curriculum setting, substandard construction of teaching materials, and imperfect evaluating system. In order to solve these problems, this paper puts forward innovative reform on the construction of teaching materials, curriculum setting and evaluating system to change the traditional curriculum system mode of professional English. It can perfect curriculum constructing theory of professional English, and change the teaching present condition of shipping professional English further to strengthen students' learning enthusiasm and employment competition.%目前高职船舶专业外语课程体系中存在着课程设置不科学、教材建设不规范、评价体系不健全等问题。针对这些问题,就如何在教材构建、课程设置、评价体系等方面提出了创新性的变革,从而改变传统的专业外语课程体系模式,完善专业外语课程建设理论,进一步改变船舶专业外语的教学现状,增强学生的学习积极性和就业竞争力。

  16. Higher vocational curriculum system of automobile marketing and maintenance research on the present situation and reform%高职汽车营销与维修专业课程体系现状与改革研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邱霖

    2016-01-01

    the curriculum is the guarantee of the quality of education and curriculum system of higher vocational education should ful y reflect the vocational skil s education as the main character. Which guidelines on the process-oriented, and meet the needs of current vocational education. Based on the higher vocational automobile marketing and maintenance of the status quo of curriculum system and analysis of problems in teaching, teaching practice and results of marketing research, and establishing a new curriculum system of principles, proposed a reform of the curriculum system of concrete measures.%课程体系是教育质量的有力保障,高职教育的课程体系应充分体现职业教育以技能教育为主体的特点。以工作过程导向为指引,满足当前职业教育的需求。本文通过研究目前高职汽车营销与维修专业的课程体系现状,分析在教学中存在的问题,结合教学实际与市场调研的结果,确立了新课程体系的原则,提出了课程体系改革的具体措施。

  17. 特殊教育专业盲文课程教学改革初探%Exploration on Teaching Reform of Braille Curriculums in Special Education Major

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙宇; 李纯莲; 王艳梅

    2015-01-01

    This paper introduces the setting of Braille curriculums in Chinese higher education,analyzes the shortage of those teachers who are engaged in special education when applying Braille,presents the reform ideas and makes the detailed demonstration to its core problems,hoping to solve the problems above at the stage of teachers training. The reform scheme designed enriches the teaching con-tents,clarifies the teaching emphasis for each item,puts forward the making idea for Chinese word-Braille contrast printed textbook,dis-cusses the necessity of increasing the practice course hours,reexamines the cultivation target of special educational practical ability for teachers and students,which not only has theoretical feasibility,but also has certain practical significance through questionnaire survey.%介绍了我国高等教育中盲文课程的设置情况、分析了特教师资队伍在盲文教学及应用方面的不足,提出了盲文课程教学改革的思路并对其核心问题进行了详细的论证,以期在特教师资培养阶段解决以上问题。本文设计的改革方案,丰富了课程教学内容,明确了各内容的教学侧重点,提出了明盲对照版教材制作思路,探讨了增设课程实践学时的必要性,重新审视了特教师资学生实践能力的培养目标,不仅具有理论可行性,而且问卷调查表明具有一定的现实意义。

  18. Reflections of Vocational Comprehensive English Curriculum Reform%高职高专综合英语课程改革的几点思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方圆

    2014-01-01

    依据高职高专学生实际特点、职业需求和大学英语课程培养目标--培养英语综合应用能力,从高职高专综合英语教学的具体现状出发,高职高专综合英语课程改革必须改进课程教学内容和教学方法,将传统的综合英语教师单一授课主模式与现代多媒体信息教学模式相结合,使授课内容目的化,渗透在学生对应用能力测试和职业能力培养的需求中,从而将知识传授和能力、素质培养融为一体,满足学生个性化需求,培养学生应用英语的能力。同时,利用科学、实用的评价手段,实施以促进学生自主性为目标的课程考核体系的改革,进而实现高职高专为社会培养应用型英语人才的战略目标。%Based on the actual characteristics of vocational students, vocational training needs and objectives of college Eng-lish courses-English language proficiency training, starting from the specific status of integrated vocational English teach-ing, vocational comprehensive English curriculum reform must improve teaching content and teaching methods, the tradi-tional single comprehensive English teacher taught master mode with modern multimedia teaching mode combine to make the purpose of the lectures, students demand penetration testing and application ability of professional competence training, thereby imparting the knowledge and ability to integrate quality training to meet the individual needs of students, develop students' ability to use the English language. Meanwhile, the use of scientific and practical evaluation tools, implemented to promote student autonomy as the goal of the course evaluation system reform, so as to realize the strategic goal of training applied English talents for the community.

  19. 基础教育体育课程内容改革的现实诉求与路径%The realistic demands and paths for reforming the contents of physical education curriculum in basic education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    殷荣宾; 季浏

    2015-01-01

    对基础教育体育课程内容改革的现实诉求和路径进行探析。体育课程内容的选择和设计要基于学生的视角,为学生的健康发展实践和创新课程;体育课程内容应贴近学生生活,使其更符合学生的心理需求和经验储备;体育课程内容要摆脱偏重竞技运动项目的困境;体育课程内容的多样化和民族化是时代发展趋势;各学段体育课程内容缺乏衔接的状况亟待改善等是基础教育体育课程内容改革的现实诉求。提出应依据体育课程目标精选课程内容;制定体育课程内容选择标准;有效衔接各学习阶段的体育课程内容;开展体育课程内容选择的实证研究,从而构建基础教育相互衔接与递进的体育课程内容体系。%The authors analyzed the realistic demands and paths for reforming the contents of physical education cur-riculum in basic education. The realistic demands for reforming the contents of physical education curriculum in basic education are as follows: the selection and design of physical education curriculum contents should be carried out based on the perspective of students, and the curriculum should be practiced and innovated for the healthy development of students; physical education curriculum contents should be close to students’ life, and made to fit students’ psychologi-cal needs and experience reserve better; current physical education curriculum contents should get out of the dilemma of overly emphasizing competitive sports events; the diversification and nationalization of physical education curricu-lum contents are the trends of development of the era; the condition of lacking a connection between physical education curriculum contents for various learning stages needs to be improved, etc. The authors proposed to select curriculum contents according to physical education curriculum objectives, establish physical education curriculum content selec-tion standards

  20. M OOCs 语境下成人高等教育课程改革路径分析%Analysis of Adult Higher Education Curriculum Reform in the Context of MOOCs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高凯利; 陈明昆

    2015-01-01

    The emergence of MOOCs had a far‐reaching influence on Chinese higher education . The typical characteristics of MOOCs is of profound significance to the curriculum reform of higher adult education in china ,such as the format of fragmentation ,the teaching mode of two‐way inter‐action ,the instant process of management ,and the diverse measures of evaluation .A variety of current problems in Chinese adult higher education curriculum have been found ,such as the lag of training target ,the irrational curriculum setting ,the poor correlation between the curriculum con‐tent ,the unsound evaluation mechanism ,the simple management and so on .This paper shed light on the strategic thinking to optimize the reform of adult higher education in terms of its curriculum settings ,content ,management ,and evaluation .%MOOCs的到来在我国高等教育界产生了广泛影响。MOOCs具有的碎片化表现形式、双向互动的教学模式、即时性的过程管理、多元化的评价手段等典型特征对我国成人高等教育课程模式改革无疑具有深刻的意义。针对目前我国成人高等教育课程存在的培养目标滞后、课程设置不合理、课程内容相关性差、评价机制不健全、管理手段单一等问题,从课程设置、课程内容、课程管理、课程评价等方面提出MOOCs语境下成人高等教育课程优化与改革的策略思考。

  1. 公共体育保健课程的融合教育理念审视%A Survey on the Inclusive Education Idea of PE Curriculum Reforms in the Non-private Universities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈万红

    2015-01-01

    追求教育公平是社会文明进步的必然趋势。全文通过分析我国普通高校公共体育保健课程开设原因、描述开设的现状、审视开设价值的基础上,认为目前在我国普通高校中普遍采取的体育保健课程隔离式教育模式不利于现代教育理念下学生的全面发展。并引入融合教育理念,分析在回归主流教育的国际教育改革趋势下,提出我国普通高校体育课程实施融合教育需要具备的条件:明确的政策法规支持;良好的同伴态度;必要的物质支持;专业的技术指导等,以便为我国现阶段体育课程改革提供参考。%Through the analysis of sports health care curriculum set-up reason, surveying the sports health care curriculum value, the author thought that the sports health care curriculum in the isolated-type educational pattern did not favor under the modern education idea aiming at student’s full scale development. And the paper introduced the inclusive education idea, analyzed non-private university PE curriculum implements and the condition for inclusive education under the return of mainstream education of international educational reform tendency, to provide the reference for our country present PE curriculum reforms.

  2. 教师参与课程改革内生动力的缺失及其培育%Lack and Cultivation of Teachers’ Endogenous Power to Participate in Curriculum Reform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    齐军; 李文珠

    2015-01-01

    In the curriculum reform , there are two questions worth pondering: First, teachers consciously make their classroom teaching conform to the concept of the new curriculum requirements , but why was it caught in formalized , fragmental , and emotional morass without being realized?Second , why do teachers blindly praise col-leagues and ignore the problems in their classroom teaching in a candid forum?This is related to the lack of endog-enous power in the curriculum reform .The reasons are that there exists a kind of unreasonable concept of teachers in the society , and teachers participate in curriculum reform with “fear”.To change this situation , we need to fo-cus on cultivating teachers ’ endogenous power , being acquaint with teachers from perspective of life , advancing the curriculum reform with methodology of “harmony in diversity”, and constructing teachers ’ development com-munity with the purposes of professional development .%在课程改革过程中,有两个现实问题值得深思,一是教师有意识地使自己的课堂教学符合新课改的理念要求,但为什么陷入形式化、碎片化、情绪化的泥沼而不自知?二是在本应开诚布公的座谈会上,教师为什么对于课堂上所存在的问题视而不见并一味称颂?这与教师参与课程改革内生动力的缺失有关。究其原因,主要有全社会氤氲着一种不合理的教师观、教师心怀“恐惧”地参与课程改革。要改变这一状况,需要重视教师内生动力的培育,以生命的视角来认识教师,以“和而不同”的方法论来推进课程改革,以专业发展为目的来构建教师成长共同体。

  3. How does preclinical laboratory training impact physical examination skills during the first clinical year? A retrospective analysis of routinely collected objective structured clinical examination scores among the first two matriculating classes of a reformed curriculum in one Polish medical school.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Świerszcz, Jolanta; Stalmach-Przygoda, Agata; Kuźma, Marcin; Jabłoński, Konrad; Cegielny, Tomasz; Skrzypek, Agnieszka; Wieczorek-Surdacka, Ewa; Kruszelnicka, Olga; Chmura, Kaja; Chyrchel, Bernadeta; Surdacki, Andrzej; Nowakowski, Michał

    2017-09-01

    As a result of a curriculum reform launched in 2012 at our institution, preclinical training was shortened to 2 years instead of the traditional 3 years, creating additional incentives to optimise teaching methods. In accordance with the new curriculum, a semester-long preclinical module of clinical skills (CS) laboratory training takes place in the second year of study, while an introductory clinical course (ie, brief introductory clerkships) is scheduled for the Fall semester of the third year. Objective structured clinical examinations (OSCEs) are carried out at the conclusion of both the preclinical module and the introductory clinical course. Our aim was to compare the scores at physical examination stations between the first and second matriculating classes of a newly reformed curriculum on preclinical second-year OSCEs and early clinical third-year OSCEs. Analysis of routinely collected data. One Polish medical school. Complete OSCE records for 462 second-year students and 445 third-year students. OSCE scores by matriculation year. In comparison to the first class of the newly reformed curriculum, significantly higher (ie, better) OSCE scores were observed for those students who matriculated in 2013, a year after implementing the reformed curriculum. This finding was consistent for both second-year and third-year cohorts. Additionally, the magnitude of the improvement in median third-year OSCE scores was proportional to the corresponding advancement in preceding second-year preclinical OSCE scores for each of two different sets of physical examination tasks. In contrast, no significant difference was noted between the academic years in the ability to interpret laboratory data or ECG - tasks which had not been included in the second-year preclinical training. Our results suggest the importance of preclinical training in a CS laboratory to improve students' competence in physical examination at the completion of introductory clinical clerkships during

  4. Reform and Practice of Automotive Technology Curriculum%高职汽车运用技术专业建设的改革与实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹登华

    2015-01-01

    湖北交通职业技术学院汽车运用技术专业以提高人才培养质量为核心,坚持校企合作、工学结合的职业教育理念,不断进行专业建设改革与实践,大力实施订单培养,为校企合作提供平台,开拓专业建设思路;构建“公共平台+岗位平台+企业特色平台”的柔性课程体系;改革专业教学组织结构,使之与工学结合课程体系的实施相适应;适应汽车后市场主体变化,进行汽车品牌实训室建设,进行三阶段实训教学;围绕岗位知识能力素质要求,构建专业竞赛体系;引进企业文化和管理理念,推行5S管理,提升学生职业素质等,有力促进了专业的发展。%The paper first introduces the practice of Hubei Communications Technical College. Their automotive technology curriculum aims at improving students’quality. First, they cooperate with enterprises, offering apprentice-ship program and training students according to the “order”from enterprises; second, they keep innovating curricula, creating a flexible management platform,“public platform +position platform + enterprises”, for the cooperative curricu-la; third, the courses construction are also reformed to fit in the cooperative curriculum system; fourth, to adjust to the change of subjects in Auto after-service market, the college has built a branded Auto Training Laboratory especially for the so called “Three Stage Training”; fifth, it has established a skills competition system testing the knowledge and skills required by some specific position;finally, company culture and management principle of some famous enterprises are introduced in class and 5s management system is implemented to enhance students’professional quality.

  5. Exploring Professional Identity in Response to Curriculum Reform and Professional Development: The Teaching Life Stories of Chemistry Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peters, Gayle D.

    This study contributes to the existing literature in teacher education on teacher professional identity (Beijaard, Meijer & Verloop, 2004; Lamote & Engels, 2010; Rots, 2007), particularly in response to curriculum change and professional development. It proposes to offer a much better understanding of how chemistry teachers’ professional identities have evolved through their school and work experiences, and the tensions they experience associated with their beliefs about teaching and learning and their actual practice. Specifically, this study aims to identify how teachers' professional identities have evolved following the introduction of the latest chemistry curricula in Manitoba. These latest chemistry curricula advocate for a more learner focused 'tetrahedral orientation' (Mahaffy, 2004) teaching practice that supports chemistry learning through the use of Johnstone's (1991) three modes of representation - the symbolic, macroscopic and molecular levels - as well as a human element dimension. This study also aims to identify how teachers' professional identities have evolved following their participation in long-term professional development offered by teacher educators at the University of Manitoba. Additionally, this study aims to determine whether teachers feel they have experienced tensions associated with their beliefs about teaching and learning and their current teaching practices as a result of sustained professional development. Finally, this study aims to determine whether the curriculum changes and associated professional development have led teachers to think about and reflect more on their teaching practice and whether this has led to a change in their beliefs about teaching and learning and their teaching practice. Urie Bronfenbrenner's (1979) Model of the Ecology of Human Development was used as a theoretical framework for this study. This study was informed by semi-structured interviews involving 32 teachers of chemistry that were conducted

  6. 教学习惯:基础教育课程改革的可能障碍及其超越%Teaching Habits Possible Obstacles of Basic Education Curriculum Reform and Beyond

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    祝刚

    2012-01-01

    Basic education curriculum reform which has been implemented for ten years has made great achievements. But the reform is very slow and there exists many formalized false phenomenon in the real teaching settings. Authority, customs and teaching habits that restrict the effective implementing of curriculum reform. This paper focuses on several forms that represents teaching habits such as teaching paradigm, thinking mode and authoritative controlling etc. Based on this, this paper provides the possible pathways that transcend teaching habits: changing passiveness to activeness, transforming think mode and reconstructing teaching culture.%已经进行了十余年的基础教育课程改革取得了较大的成就,但改革的推进仍然比较缓慢,现实的教学中存在着诸多的形式化的虚假现象。权威、习俗及多年来养成的教学习惯制约着课程改革的有效进行。本文通过聚焦体现教学习惯的几种表现,即教学范式、思维方式、权威的控制性等,提出超越教学习惯的可能途径:变被动为主动,转变思维方式,重树教学文化。

  7. Research and Practice on the Diesel Engine Assembly and Commissioning of Curriculum Reform%《船舶柴油机装配与调试》课程改革探索与实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪涛; 陈永备

    2012-01-01

    根据高职教育的培养目标,阐述了船舶柴油机装配与调试课程改革的目的和意义、总体思路与方案、课程改革的具体实施及取得的成果。通过对本课程的教学改革,使学生能更好的适应社会、企业对人才的需求,不断提高学生就业能力和竞争力。%According to the vocational education training objectives,described the purpose and significance of the marine diesel engine assembly and commissioning of curriculum reform,the specific implementation of the general idea of the program,curriculum reform,and the results achieved.Reform the teaching of this course,students can better adapt to the social,corporate demand for talent,and continue to enhance students' employability and competitiveness.

  8. 课程的后再概念化运动及对我国高校课程建设的启示%Post-reconceptualization and Its Implications for the Curriculum Reform of Higher Education in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柯晓玲

    2012-01-01

    本文回顾了西方课程理论发展的历史进程,重点探讨了课程的后再概念化运动以及对我国高校课程建设的启示。课程的后再概念化运动以实现社会公平和应对全球化为中心任务,强调从社会公平和全球化的角度来重新解读课程文本。鉴于此,我国加快高校课程国际化进程需加强高校课程理论的研究,开展课程研究的国际对话和合作;加强跨领域、跨部门的课程研究和合作;注重网络技术在课程国际化中的重要作用。%This article reviews the historical development of curriculum theories, from the paradigm of curriculum development to that of curriculum understanding and to its recent post-reconceptualization. Its theory of post-reconceptualization is committed to achieving a general social justice and equity and dealing with the crisis caused by globalization, and advocates reconceptualizing the curriculum from a global perspective. The theory sheds new light on the curriculum reform of higher education in China and proposes some measures taken to internationalize China's higher education curriculum. The measures are: theorizing China's higher education curriculum, strengthening transnational conversation and cooperation; enhancing interdivisional and interdisciplinary cooperation, and bringing internet techniques into play.

  9. Reform Mode Innovation of Human Resources Management Curriculum in Vocational Colleges%高职人力资源管理专业课程改革模式创新研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔佳

    2012-01-01

    我国高职高专开设人力资源管理专业的院校不多,教学经验不足,尚未形成相对完善的课程体系。培养高素质人力资源管理应用型人才是高职阶段人才培养的定位。应利用多种教学方法,将专业课程模块化、学生管理体系实践化,推进高职人力资源管理专业课程模式改革。%Not many vocational colleges offer human resources management in our country.For the lack of teaching experience,a relatively perfect curriculum of the major has not been formed.The orientation of the talent training for vocational stage is training high quality applied talents of human resources management.Multiple teaching methods should be used in curriculum reform to modularize the specialized courses and the implement practicality of students management system so as to promote curriculum mode reform of human resources management in vocational colleges.

  10. Reflection on the Guidance of Teaching Practice of Normal University Against the Background of the New Curriculum Reform%新课改视野下高师教育实习指导反思

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张惠强

    2014-01-01

    Normal practice guidance for educational practice tasks efficiently, successfully completed, plays a key role in normal practice guidance currently there is a low degree of specialization, practice guidance formality and other issues, Nor-mal practice guidance to new ideas, in-depth reflection, understand the spirit of the new curriculum to the concept of the new curriculum reform to lead normal practice guidance, training to adapt to the new curriculum standards of new teachers to meet the needs of basic education reform and development and future personnel training.%高师实习指导对教育实习任务高效、顺利完成,起着关键作用,目前高师实习指导存在专业化程度低、实习指导流于形式等问题,高师实习指导要更新观念,深入反思,吃透新课改精神,以新课程改革的理念引领高师实习指导工作,培养适应新课程标准的新型师资,适应基础教育改革发展及未来人才培养的需要。

  11. On Project-Based Curriculum Reform of International Marketing in Higher Vocational Colleges%高职《国际市场营销》项目化课程改革探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马力

    2012-01-01

    Project-based curriculum reform in higher vocational colleges is an effective way to promote major construction and improve students' professional competence.Emphasis should be put on highlighting the importance of students' practice,constructing curriculum system based on work flow and deesigning content according to job task,to make theory serve practice.Taking the course of International Marketing as an example,the practical use of project-based curriculum reform is discussed here.%高职院校项目化课程改革是推动专业建设和提高学生职业能力的有效途径。项目化课程改革的重点是凸显实践环节的重要性,基于工作流程构建课程框架体系,以工作任务引导课程内容,使理论知识服务于实践活动。本文以国际市场营销课程为例,探析项目化课程改革的实际应用。

  12. 基于能力本位的护用药理学课程改革的研究%Study on curriculum reform of nursing pharmacology based on competence

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王雁梅; 刘会民

    2014-01-01

    基于能力本位的培养理念,在护用药理学教学过程中进行了一系列课程建设与改革研究.本文从确定课程培养目标、重视职业素质的培养、优化学习情境设计、改革教学方法、构建课程评价体系等方面进行了相关阐述,以适应护理岗位的需要,为培养高技能应用型护理专门人才提供保障.%Based on competence,this article studied on curriculum reform of nursing pharmacology.It described the model of curriculum construction on making teaching target,training professional quality,designing optimum learning situation,reforming teaching method and constructing curriculum evaluation system.This model is more suitable for nursing work and provide guarantee for cultivating high skilled and applicable nursing talent.

  13. Rethink of the Reform and Practice of Higher Vocational Curriculum Based on the Working Process%高职“基于工作过程”课程改革实践反思

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张郢峰

    2015-01-01

    当前经济形势下,高职院校的发展面临新的挑战,高职院校发展的基础是课程建设,利用校企双方优势互补、互相渗透,共同构建“基于工作过程”的课程体系、共同打造一流“双师型”教师队伍、共同进行教学质量监控与评价,才能确保课程改革走可持续发展道路,才能使职业教育改革具有生命力。%Under the current economic situation, the development of higher vocational colleges is facing new challenges. Curriculum construction is the foundation for the development of vocational colleges. By using the complementary advantages and mutual penetration of colleges and enterprises, the curriculum system based on the working process can be established, and the first-class dual-qualification teachers can also be built, and the teaching quality can be monitored and evaluated. It is ensured that the curriculum reform will be in the course of sustainable development, and the occupation education reform will be more vitality.

  14. 基于专业学习需求的高职体育课程改革与实践%Higher Physical Education Curriculum Reform and Practice Based on Professional Learning Needs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    迟铭

    2014-01-01

    体育课程教学对学生身体素质、心理素质和适应能力的提高有着明显帮助。高职教育是培养高素质技术技能型人才的教育类型,其人才培养目标决定了高职体育课程教学必须全面贯彻以服务专业技能发展为中心和“健康第一”的指导思想,突出职业导向性教学,采取“必修课+选修专业项目”的课程模式,确保学生专业技术技能及身心健康发展。%Physical education teaching students the physical, psychological and ability to adapt to any apparent help. Curriculum reform to reflect changes in society and demand, higher vocational and technical education courses in physical education and health institutions must fully implement the combination of professional skills and the “health first”guiding ideology, to ensure all round development of students’physical and mental health is the Vocational and Technical Education Center school physical education curriculum reform inevitable trend, but also the ultimate goal of physical education curriculum. In this paper, higher vocational and technical education institutions to conduct experimental physical education.

  15. A Biofilm Pocket Model to Evaluate Different Non-Surgical Periodontal Treatment Modalities in Terms of Biofilm Removal and Reformation, Surface Alterations and Attachment of Periodontal Ligament Fibroblasts.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tobias T Hägi

    Full Text Available There is a lack of suitable in vitro models to evaluate various treatment modalities intending to remove subgingival bacterial biofilm. Consequently, the aims of this in vitro-study were: a to establish a pocket model enabling mechanical removal of biofilm and b to evaluate repeated non-surgical periodontal treatment with respect to biofilm removal and reformation, surface alterations, tooth hard-substance-loss, and attachment of periodontal ligament (PDL fibroblasts.Standardized human dentin specimens were colonized by multi-species biofilms for 3.5 days and subsequently placed into artificially created pockets. Non-surgical periodontal treatment was performed as follows: a hand-instrumentation with curettes (CUR, b ultrasonication (US, c subgingival air-polishing using erythritol (EAP and d subgingival air-polishing using erythritol combined with chlorhexidine digluconate (EAP-CHX. The reduction and recolonization of bacterial counts, surface roughness (Ra and Rz, the caused tooth substance-loss (thickness as well as the attachment of PDL fibroblasts were evaluated and statistically analyzed by means of ANOVA with Post-Hoc LSD.After 5 treatments, bacterial reduction in biofilms was highest when applying EAP-CHX (4 log10. The lowest reduction was found after CUR (2 log10. Additionally, substance-loss was the highest when using CUR (128±40 µm in comparison with US (14±12 µm, EAP (6±7 µm and EAP-CHX (11±10 µm. Surface was roughened when using CUR and US. Surfaces exposed to US and to EAP attracted the highest numbers of PDL fibroblasts.The established biofilm model simulating a periodontal pocket combined with interchangeable placements of test specimens with multi-species biofilms enables the evaluation of different non-surgical treatment modalities on biofilm removal and surface alterations. Compared to hand instrumentation the application of ultrasonication and of air-polishing with erythritol prevents from substance-loss and results

  16. Practical Research on the Teaching Reform of Technology Economics Curriculum%技术经济学课程教学改革实践研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    樊瑜; 赵世强; 张宏; 张丽

    2014-01-01

    技术经济学是一门技术和经济相交叉的边缘学科,具有很强的实践性。该课程的学习对学生加强经济管理知识,完善知识结构,提高综合素质,树立市场观念,都具有重要意义。长期以来,技术经济学课程传统的教学方式与单一的考试模式,易导致学生缺乏学习积极性,不利于学生自主学习能力和创新能力的培养。根据创新人才培养要求,通过北京建筑大学技术经济学课程教学改革实践,对技术经济学从教学内容、教学方式及考核方式等方面进行改革,总结出“讲授+案例+实践”三位一体的教学模式,新的教学模式以培养学生创新意识和实践能力为目标,大大提高学生理论联系实际的能力,锻炼学生解决实际问题的能力,开发学生学习的主动性和创新思维,并改变原有的单一考核方式为全过程、多角度评价,对于提高技术经济学课程教学效果具有积极的作用。%Technical economics is an interdisciplinary science between technology and economy with a very practical ability for the society. There is a great significance for students studying this course , such as strengthening the knowledge of economic man-agement, perfecting sciential structure, improving the comprehensive quality, progressing in the applicability and establishing the concept of markets. The traditional teaching methods and the single assessing methods of Technology Economics Curriculum are easy to cause students lacking learning enthusiasm, and are not conducive to cultivate students' autonomous learning ability and innovational ability for a long time. According to the requirement of cultivating innovative talents , the teaching reform practice about Technology Economics Curriculum happened in Beijing University of Civil Engineering and Architecture. The reformation is related to the teaching contents, teaching methods and assessing methods, summed up

  17. Enlightenments of Moorhous Stern Curriculum Development Mode to Chinese Ordinary Universities Sports Curriculum Reform%斯腾豪斯课程开发模式对我国普通高校体育课程改革的启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵兴; 郭洋波

    2012-01-01

    用英国课程论专家斯腾豪斯的课程开发模式——过程模式分析我国普通高校体育课程改革,可以看出我国高校体育课程所存在的问题,并应从以下几个角度进行改革:第一,重视体育课程理论的学习;第二,让大学生真正成为体育课程的主人;第三,体育教师即研究者;第四,用“生成性”目标促进大学生发展。%The analysis of China's colleges and universities sports curriculum present situation, with the British curriculum theory expert Moorhouse stern shows that there are several problems existing university P. E Curriculum. Universities sports curriculum reform should pay attention to the following aspects: first, paying more attention to physical education curriculum theory of learning;second, making students really become the master of physical education curriculum; third, physical education teacher as a researcher; fourth, using the" generative" goal to promote the development of College students.

  18. Discussion of Curriculum Reform on Inorganic and Analytical Chemistry Experiment%无机及分析化学实验课程教改初探∗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王玉新; 贾明翰

    2016-01-01

    《无机及分析化学》作为高职化学类专业的一门基础必修课程,对该专业人才的培养起着至关重要的作用。本文围绕该课程的特点,从优化实验内容、激发学生的学习兴趣、加强环保教育、规范实验操作等几个方面出发,对无机及分析化学的实验课程进行了一些有益的探究和尝试。以激发学生的学习兴趣,培养他们严谨的科学态度,使他们学会运用所学的分析方法去解决生活中的实际问题。%The course of Inorganic and Analytical Chemistry is a basic compulsory course in higher vocational chemistry specialty. It plays an important role in the cultivation of the talents. Curriculum reform and discussion on Inorganic and Analytical Chemistry experiment were explored and attempted to made the experimental content optimizing, to stimulate students being interest in learning, to strengthen environmental protection education, and to standardize the experimental operation. So the students would be interested in learning, and learn to use the analytical method to solve practical problems in life.

  19. Discussing Teaching Reform of Practical Curriculum Highcr Vocational Education%高职教育实践课程教学改革初探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙丽娜

    2012-01-01

    With the deepening development of our country's economy, the demand of highly skilled talents becomes extended and higher and higher, which provides higher task and requirement for higher vocational teaching. It embodies that employers all hope to recruit new employees who master strong professional theory knowledge as well as skilled professional technology. However, the present practical curriculum of higher vocational education cannot satisfy the demand of social employment, which exist various problems. It reqmres that the teaching content, teaching methods, teaching means and talents' training mode should be made necessary reform, adopting the teaching mode of work-study integration with the cooperation of enterprises.%随着我国经济的不断深入发展,社会对高技能人才的需求日益扩大且要求越来越高。这对高职教学提出了更高的任务和要求。体现在用人单位都希望新招收的员工,既有扎实的专业理论知识,又有娴熟的专业技能。但现阶段高职教育的实践课程不能满足社会的用工要求,存在着各种问题。这就要求对实践课程的教学内容、教学方法、教学手段和人才培养模式进行必要的改革,采取与企业合作、工学一体化的教学模式。

  20. The Focus of and Trends in Contemporary Teacher Education Curriculum Reform in America%当代美国教师教育课程改革的焦点与态势

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龙宝新

    2015-01-01

    Curriculum reform is the starting point for enhancing the quality of teacher education in America ,on which much can be drawn for the further implementation of Teacher Education Curriculum Standards in our country . The focus of contemporary teacher education curriculum reform in America came into being in the process of handling with the difficulties in reality . In future , the focus of and trends in American curriculum reform will be as follows :strengthening “why to teach” courses to gain balance in teacher education curriculum ;expanding the commonalities of teacher education curricula w hile being aware of the differences ;laying the focus on practical courses to enhance the quality of practical courses in teacher education ;challenging the importance of “big idea” and attaching proper importance to the role of theoretical courses ;overcoming the weakness of fragmented curriculum and giving prominence to the integrated curriculum . Facing up the reality , cherishing experience learning , and valuing theoretical references are the valuable lessons from U . S curriculum reform as well as the practical path to implement Teacher Education Curriculum Standards in our country .%教师教育课程改革是当代美国教师教育内涵与质量提升的重要抓手,对我国深入实施《教师教育课程标准》具有重要参考意义。当代美国教师教育课程改革焦点是在应对现实课程难题中形成的,其未来课程改革焦点与态势是:强化“为什么教”的课程,回复教师教育课程的平衡态;正视课程差异,扩大教师教育课程共识;聚焦教学实践课程,提升教师教育实践课程的品质;质疑“大思想”的重要性,正视教育理论课程的地位;以及应对课程碎片化顽疾,体现教师教育课程的整合性等。面向现实问题,强调经验借鉴,重视理论参照,既是来自美国的课改经验,也是实现我国《教师教育课程标准》落地有声的现实道路。

  1. 高职院校工程测量课程教、学、做一体化教学改革方案%Teaching Reformation Project Integrated Teaching, Learning, Doing in Engineering Survey Curriculum of Higher Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    弓永利

    2016-01-01

    With the vigorous development of higher vocational education, teaching eagerly needs to be reformed. This article introduces the teaching reformation program integrated teaching, learning and doing, from eight aspects, i.e., course destination and course system design, in engineering survey curriculum. The purpose is to develop students' abilities of professionalization, learning and adaptation in society.%随着高等职业教育蓬勃发展,课程教学改革迫在眉睫,本文从课程定位及课程体系的设计等八个方面详细全面的叙述了我院工程测量课程教、学、做一体化的教学改革方案,目的是培养学生的专业精神、学习能力及适应社会的能力。

  2. Just-in-Time Teaching教学模式在高职课程改革中的应用%The application of the teaching mode "Just-in-Time Teaching" in higher vocational curriculum reform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈扬; 李永红

    2015-01-01

    This paper first introduces the JiTT teaching mode's connotation, features and implementation steps. The higher vocational engineering technology specialized core curriculum "construction technology" as an example, discusses the JiTT teaching mode in higher vocational curriculum reform, the application of information technology and vocational courses deep integration provides the basis of the theory and practice.%本文先介绍了JiTT教学模式的内涵、特征与实施步骤.再以高职建筑工程技术专业核心课程《建筑施工技术》为例,探讨了JiTT教学模式在高职课程改革中的应用,为信息技术与高职课程深层次融合提供了理论和实践的依据.

  3. 基于开源技术的软件工程课程体系改革探索%Reform Exploration of the Open-source-technology-based Software Engineering Curriculum

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜兴; 龚伟

    2014-01-01

    The present situation of the curriculum of Software En-gineering, the advantage of the open source software and the de-mand of qualified personnel of open source software are analyzed. Based on the analysis, a thought of constructing open-source-technology-based Software Engineering curriculum is proposed. And the course reform is explored in practice.%分析了软件工程专业课程体系设置的现状、开源软件的优势以及社会对开源软件人才的需求,提出了建设基于开源技术的软件工程课程体系的思路,并在教学实践中进行了课程改革探索。

  4. 档案袋评定与高师视唱练耳课程评价的改革%Portfolio Assessment and Assessment Reform of Sight Singing and Ear Training Curriculum in Higher Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王德君; 李迅

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to put forward some thoughts to reform the curriculum assessment system of sight singing and ear training practices in higher education.Based on the portfolio assessment theory,the research subsequently investigates the existing teaching assessment system of sight singing and ear training curriculum in China's higher education.%本文在档案袋评定方式的理论综述的基础上,结合我国高师视唱练耳课程教学评价现状进行探讨,对视唱练耳课程评定方式实践方面提出了一些改革思路。

  5. 以健身市场为导向的健美操专业课程改革探析%On the Curriculum Reform of Aerobics Major under the Orientation of Fitness Markets

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐飚; 唐枫

    2011-01-01

    从健身市场对健美操专业需求出发,分析当前健美操专业课程设置存在的问题,探讨健美操课程设置改革策略,以期为健美操专业课程设置的科学化系统化发展提供参考。%Basing on the requirements of fitness markets for aerobics major,this paper analyzes the current issues of the curriculum of aerobics major,and goes further into the strategy of aerobic curriculum reform in the hope of providing reference for scientific a

  6. 新课改下物理教学中学生创新能力的培养%On the Cultivation of Students' Innovative Ability in Physics Teaching in New Curriculum Reform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨永耀

    2011-01-01

    The objective of new curriculum reform is to cultivate students' autonomous learning ability and autonomous developing ability, and cultivate students' innovative thinking and innovative ability. This paper expounds the cuhivation of innovative ability fr%新课改的目的在于培养学生自主学习、自主发展的能力,培养学生的创新思维和创新能力。本文从九个方面对创新能力的培养进行了阐述。

  7. Discussion on Development of Physical Education Teachers under the Background of Curriculum Reform%谈课程改革背景下体育教师的发展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王新力

    2012-01-01

    With the requirement of curriculum reform in new period, this paper proposes gym teachers for the concept of development in the type of research, cooperation, profession for sports education, and expounds its connotation and necessity.%面对新时期课改的要求,本文针对体育教育提出体育教师为研究型、合作型、专业型的发展观,并阐述其内涵及必要性。

  8. Transformational Curriculum Leadership:Paradigm Shift in Leadership from the Perspective of University Reform%变革型课程领导:学校改进视角下的领导范式转换

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林闻凯

    2014-01-01

    变革型课程领导是与传统标准化课程管理相区别的一种新型范式。变革型课程领导基于专业知能与道德权威,透过共同的学校发展愿景,来引领学校组织成员的教育理念和价值观,以实现学生学业成就的提高并推动学校改进与发展。实施变革型课程领导需要明确课程领导者的角色。同时,课程领导的有效实施需分阶段、分步骤循序推进,不同的阶段应采取不同的变革策略。%Transformational Curriculum Leadership is a late-model that differs from traditional standardized curriculum management. Base on professional skills and moral authority and through the common vision of development, Transformational Curriculum leadership guides educational concept and values of its members, in order to accomplish the enhancement of students' academic achievement and promote the reform and development of the university. To make full use of curriculum leadership, it is necessary to define the role of curriculum leaders. At the same time, curriculum leadership should be carried forward in order by different phases and steps and adopts varied transform strategies at different stages.

  9. Developing curriculum design expertise through teacher design teams

    OpenAIRE

    Huizinga, T

    2014-01-01

    To foster the design and especially the implementation of curriculum reform, teacher involvement from the early stages of curriculum reform processes is advocated. By fulfilling the role of designer, it is expected that teachers’ understanding of the reform and their ownership concerning the reform are being promoted. However, most teachers lacked the knowledge and skills needed for proper curriculum design. The assumption underlying this study was that teachers need to develop their curricul...

  10. 不同专业方向背景下的材料科学基础课程改革与实践%The Reform and Practice of Material Science Foundation Curriculum in the Background of Different Professional Direction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈洪美; 张静; 金云学; 魏范松; 王泽鑫

    2015-01-01

    以我校材料科学与工程学科专业方向特点和人才培养要求为背景,围绕课程体系建设、教学方式和教学手段改革、双语教学模式探索、实验教学改革等几个方面,对材料科学基础课程进行了改革与实践,并取得了较好的教学效果。%The reform and practice of Material Science Foundation curriculum was study in this paper in the background of the characteristics of materials science and engineering disciplines direction and the requirements of personnel training. The discussion revolves the following parts:reform of curriculum system, reform of teaching method and teaching measures, exploration of bilingual teaching mode and reform of experimental teaching.

  11. Research on the Reform of Curriculum in Traffic Engi-neering%交通工程专业课程改革的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴景龙; 黄守刚; 孙亚丽

    2013-01-01

      Traffic engineering is a comprehensive discipline of both natural science and social science double attribute, has the characteristics of comprehensive, systematic, clear cross and so-ciety etc.. Traffic Engineering (Traffic Engineering) is a relatively young discipline derived from the road engineering, it is the number of traffic related people, vehicles, road, environment and energy aspects in road traffic the unified development of research. Traffic engineering professional course mostly belongs to applied and cross discipline which has strong practicality and operability. So this professional students' practical application ability to de-mand more and more high. In the construction of traffic engineer-ing professional course, the most important means of combining the experiment teaching and practice teaching. This article from the characteristics and research content of traffic engineering, traffic engineering course construction and teaching practice are discussed, the experimental teaching of combining the idea and system, reform curriculum construction through combining prac-tical teaching and experimental teaching to improve students' practical ability and the ability to use knowledge to solve practical problems. Through the teaching reform for experimental teaching, practice teaching running through the teaching process of the whole traffic engineering.%  交通工程学科是一门兼有自然科学与社会科学双重属性的综合性学科,具有鲜明的综合性、系统性、交叉性和社会性等特征。交通工程学(Traffic engineering)是从道路工程学中衍生出来的一门相对年轻的学科,它是把人、车、路、环境以及能源等与交通有关的几个方面综合在道路交通这一统一体中进行研究的。交通工程专业的课程大多属于应用性和交叉性的学科,学科的实践性及其操作性很强,所以对本专业学生的实践应用能力要求越来越高。在交通工程

  12. Collective inquiry in the context of school-wide reform: Exploring science curriculum and instruction through team-based professional development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eddy Spicer, David Henning

    Teacher collaboration and joint reflective inquiry have been viewed as central elements of progressive educational reform for more than two decades. More recently, researchers, policy-makers, and practitioners have heralded "blended" or "hybrid" approaches that combine online and on-site environments for collaborative learning as especially promising for "scaling up" instructional improvement. Yet, relatively little is known about how teachers working together navigate organizational and interpersonal constraints to develop and sustain conditions essential to collective inquiry. This in-depth study of meaning making about curriculum and instruction among a group of 11 physics teachers in a public, urban secondary school in the U.S. is an effort to explore collective inquiry as a resource for teacher learning and innovations in teaching practice. Through extended observations, multiple interviews, and close analyses of interaction, the study followed teachers for 7 months as they worked together across 3 settings organized in fundamentally different ways to promote joint inquiry into teaching practice. The explanatory framework of the study rests on the mutually-reinforcing conceptual underpinnings of sociocultural theory and systemic functional linguistics to establish connections between micro-social interactions and macro-social processes. Drawing on systemic functional linguistics, the study explores interpersonal meaning making through close analyses of speech function and speech role in 6 extended sequences of generative interaction. Concepts from activity theory elucidate those features of settings and school that directly impinged on or advanced teachers' collaborative work. Findings run counter to prevailing congenial views of teacher collegiality by identifying ways in which collective inquiry is inherently unstable. That instability makes itself apparent at two levels: (a) the dynamics of authority within the group, and (b) middle-level features of

  13. [Realistic surgical training. The Aachen model].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krones, C J; Binnebösel, M; Stumpf, M; Schumpelick, V

    2010-01-01

    The Aachen model is a practical mode in teaching and advanced training, which is closely geared to the areas of academic acquisition and training. During medical education optional student courses with constitutive curricula offer practical points of contact to the surgical department at all times. Besides improvement of manual training the aims are enhancing interests and acquisition of talents. This guided structure will be intensified with progression into advanced education. Next to the formal guidelines of the curriculum, education logbook and progression conversations, quality, transparency and reliability are particularly emphasized. An evaluation of both the reforms and the surgical trainers is still to be made. In addition procurement of an affirmative occupational image is essential.

  14. 高职园艺技术专业课程体系改革的探索与实践%Exploration and Practice of the Core Curriculum Reform of Gardening Technology Program in Higher Vocational College

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    席敦芹; 杜守良; 王效华

    2014-01-01

    高职园艺技术专业课程体系的构建应以学生岗位能力培养为目标,根据区域经济发展的需求将教学内容进行重新整合;实施一体化教学模式,调动学生自主学习的积极性;探索通过改革考核方式,建设生产性、开放性的实训基地等措施为课程体系改革提供政策性保障。%The construction of curriculum system of gardening technology program in higher vocational colleges should be vocational-competence-based and the content should be reintegrated according to the needs of regional economic development. The integrated teaching should be implemented to arouse the enthusiasm of students' autonomous learning. The paper manages to explore to reform the examination methods, the construction of productive and open training bases and other measures to provide the policy guarantee for the curriculum system reform.

  15. Curriculum Reform Practice in the Course of Supermarket Chain Stores Development,Layout & Display%《连锁超市店铺拓展与布局陈列》课程改革实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晓娟; 刘轶宏; 阎惠全

    2011-01-01

    Supermarket Chain Stores Development,Layout and Display,the core course of Chain management specialty,holds the very important position in the specialty curriculum system.The course can train students' professional competence,and promote students' vocational accomplishment.In this paper,the curriculum design reform is based on the reform practice of the course in Liuzhou Vocational Technical College,which is one of the national model colleges.%结合柳州职业技术学院经济管理系连锁经营管理专业核心课程《连锁超市店铺拓展与布局陈列》精品课程建设的改革实践,以工作过程导向、突出职业能力及素养的改革理念为依据,对本课程的改革实践进行了探讨。

  16. Middle school physical education teaching problems and countermeasures under the new curriculum reform%浅谈新课改下中学体育教学的问题与对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    管玉法

    2015-01-01

    The new curriculum reform puts forward new requirements to the middle school physical education teaching, in this case the middle school physical education teaching should insist on advancing with The Times, take active measures to improve the current situation of middle school physical education teaching. This paper analyzes the importance of middle school physical education teaching, summarizes and induces the existed defects and insufficiency in the middle school physical education teaching, on the basis of the middle school physical education teaching under the new curriculum reform put forward the countermeasures to resolve the problem.%新课改对于中学体育教学提出了新的要求,在这样的情况下中学体育教学应该坚持与时俱进,积极采取措施去改善中学体育教学的现状.文章首先分析了中学体育教学的重要性,总结和归纳了中学体育教学存在的缺陷和不足,在此基础上提出了新课改下中学体育教学问题的解决对策.

  17. An Analysis of Politics Teacher's Effective Lesson Planning under the New Curriculum Reform%浅谈新课改下政治教师的有效备课

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张国华

    2012-01-01

    Lesson planning is the premise and foundation of attending class.Only when lesson planning is comprehensive and specific can the teacher attend class successfully.So,students can acquire a solid and profound knowledge and also foster and improve their abilities in every respect.This article mainly interprets how to prepare lessons effectively from students first,textbook to teaching method under the new curriculum reform,solves the starting point of the whole teaching and makes great efforts to achieve the goal and requirement of the new curriculum reform.%备课是上好课的前提和基础,只有把课备得全面、具体,才能把课上得精彩成功,学生学习的知识才能扎实、深刻,学生各方面的能力才能得到培养与提升。本文主要从高中政治新课改过程中教师要备好学生,以人为本、备好教材,灵活使用、备好教法,高效互动等三方面阐释如何有效备课,解决好整个教学工作的起点,努力实现新课改的目标和要求。

  18. Bringing Women into Computer Engineering: Curriculum Reform Processes at Two Institutes of Technology. Linkoping Studies in Education and Psychology Dissertations, No. 60.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salminen-Karlsson, Minna

    This study examined curricular reform processes at two Swedish institutes of technology through a gender perspective, relating them to two social theories the reproduction theory of Bourdieu and Passeron and the gender contract theory of Yvonne Hirdman. The aim of the reform process was to make educational programs in computer engineering more…

  19. 试论以就业为导向的高校经济管理专业课程改革%On Employment-oriented College Economic Management Professional Course Curriculum Reform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    荣洁

    2015-01-01

    目前经济管理类专业课程的设置及教学过程存在着诸多问题,学生毕业后不能适应市场和岗位的需求,因此需要进行以就业为导向的专业课程改革,本文分析了以就业为导向的经济管理专业课程改革的原则,提出了尊重学生的个性发展、增加创业创新类课程、使用现代管理教学方法、加强实践教学、打造创新型师资队伍等具体的思路,希望对当前经济管理专业课程的改革有一定的促进作用。%Currently set up and the process of teaching economics and management professional courses, there are many problems, can not meet the market after graduation and job demand, hence the need for employment-oriented curriculum re-form, this paper analyzes the employment-oriented economic management professionals principles of curriculum reform, proposed to respect students' personality development, increase innovation and entrepreneurship courses, teaching the use of modern management methods to enhance teaching practice, to create innovative teachers and other specific ideas, we want to reform the current economic management courses have some role in promoting.

  20. 回归与展望:学校体育教学改革理念释义与课程发展研究%Review and Prospect: Interperation of School Physical Education Teaching Reform Idea and Curriculum Evaluation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕笑蓉

    2011-01-01

    文章通过对之前的体育课程教学改革理念进行分析,认为当前体育教学改革是对传统体育教学的一种超越,体现了一种回归的理念:回归“人本”、回归健康、回归生活;在这种理念的指导下,体育课程的持续性改革与发展应在构建教学双方的新型关系、注重师生自身发展的基础上,更体现“特色化”、“时代性”和“文化性”等特征,当前迫切需要建立一种与实现终身体育目标相适应的课程实施模式。%Through the analysis of previous concepts of P. E teaching reform , this article considers that the current physical education reform is more transcendent than the traditional one, which reflects a idea recurrence: return to the people oriented, health and life; under the guidance of this concept, reform and sustainable development of physical education curriculum should more reflect the character, time, and culture, based on building a new relationship between the teaching two sides focusing on teachers and students own development. Therefore, we urgently need to establish a curriculum implementation model adapted to achieving lifelong sports.

  1. 基于微课的高校课程教学方法变革研究%A Study on the Teaching Method Reforming of College Curriculum Based on Micro Class

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆汝华; 颜文燕; 王双维

    2016-01-01

    微课教学方法与高校课程教学的深度融合是教育信息化的核心,能够有效利用微课进行教与学是高校教学改革的方向之一.论文以基于微课的高校课程教学方法变革为中心,从构建微课教学环境、构建微课教学平台、应用微课教学方法和强化微课教学机制等四个方面加以论述,将微课应用于课堂翻转教学,实现高校课程教学方法变革,提高信息化教学的应用效果.%The integration of micro teaching method and curriculum teaching is the core of education informatization, which provides one of the direction of teaching reform in colleges and universities-to teach and learn by effectively using Micro class.This paper focuses on the teaching method reform of university based on micro class and discusses relevant issues from four aspects: the construction of micro teaching environment, the construction of micro teaching platform, the application of micro teaching methods and the reinforcement of micro teaching mechanism.The micro class is expected to be applied to the flip classroom so as to achieve the teaching mode reform of college curriculum and improve the application effectiveness of informatization teaching.

  2. Analysis on the Application of Dance Rhythm in Curricu-lum Reform of Primary School Music Teaching%舞蹈律动在小学音乐教学课程改革中的应用分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓嫒姿

    2013-01-01

    Music is an important curriculum which can effectively cultivate people's artistic aesthetics. With the promotion of quality education and the new curriculum reform, China's primary school education gradually lays emphasis on the reform of music and other courses, and highlights the goal of cultivating students to be comprehensive talents. Applying dance rhythm in music teaching has become a key of China's music teaching. This paper mainly analyzes how to use dance rhythm to reform primary school music course.%音乐是一门能够有效培养人们艺术气息的重要课程。随着素质教育以及新课程改革的推进,我国小学教育逐渐提高了音乐等课程的改革,创新了传统的教学理念,把培养音体美全面发展的人才作为教学的重要目标。小学是义务教育的初始阶段,为了保证人们综合素质的培养,我国逐渐加重了对小学教育的改革力度。小学音乐就是重点改革课程,应用舞蹈律动进行音乐教学成为我国音乐教学的重点。本文就重点分析了在小学音乐课程中如何应用舞蹈律动进行改革。

  3. 生命化心理健康教育课程教学改革的实施路径%The Ideas of Teaching Reform of Mental Health Education Curriculum of Life

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘柳燕; 余东芳

    2015-01-01

    Life-cultivatize education is a kind of procedural education theory which is based on life education and aimed at holis-tic education.From this perspective,this article discusses mental health education curriculum reform,including two main parts. Part one is about the reform theoretical foundation,that is,the harmony and unity of life education,life-cultivatize education and holistic education.Part Two is about the concrete configuration of the reform,covering value goal,fundamental connotation and implement approaches.%生命化教育是一种源于生命教育和指向全人教育的过程性教育理论,以此出发探讨了生命化心理健康教育的课程教学改革,一是探讨生命化心理健康教育课程教学改革的理论基础,二是提出了生命化心理健康教育课程教学改革的具体实施路径。

  4. 基于EasyX图形库的C语言课程改革研究与实践%Research and Practice of C Language Curriculum Reform Based on EasyX Graphics Library

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵敏; 庞蕊

    2015-01-01

    C语言课程曾帮助无数程序员步入编程殿堂的大门,C语言的教学工作因此变得至关重要.C语言课程改革要真正的激发出大学生主动学习的热情和编程的兴趣,这也是教学改革最大的目标.本文在基于EasyX与VC融合的教学平台上,对C语言的教学内容,实训项目和考核机制进行了一系列的革新,让学生主动、愉快地学习,取得了良好的教学效果.%the C language program has helped many programmers into the programming Hall of the door, the teaching of C lan-guage has become very important. C language curriculum reform should really stimulate the enthusiasm of students to learn the initiative and interest in programming, which is the biggest goal of teaching reform. In this paper, based on the integration of EasyX and VC platform, the C language teaching content, training project and assessment mechanism for a series of reform, so that students take the initiative to learn, and achieved good teaching results.

  5. Under the New Curriculum Reform, the Ideas and Methods Innovation of Physical Education in High School%新课改下高中体育教学思路与方法创新

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨明兵

    2014-01-01

    With the development of the new curriculum reform and the innovation of education system, high school’s education development trend is quality education now. Therefore, high school physical education should be reformed to comply with the requirements of the times. For high school physical education, the need to reform teaching methods, to change the traditional mode of high school physical education teaching, we should innovative teaching model in order to train high-quality personnel, so that high school physical education class will full of vitality.%随着新课程改革的开展和教育体制的不断创新,当今高中教育的发展趋势是素质教育。高中体育教学也应该进行改革,以顺应时代的要求。对于高中体育教学来说,需要改革教学方式,只有改变传统的高中体育教学模式,进行教学模式的创新,才能培养出高素质的人才,让高中体育课堂充满活力。

  6. 高职院校《农产品期货交易》课程教学改革研究%Study on Curriculum Teaching Reform of Agricultural Products Futures Trading in Higher Vocational Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭礼

    2016-01-01

    《农产品期货交易》课程是一个新兴和热门的课程,具有很强的学习意义与实用价值。文章首先阐述农产品期货人才知识构成及需求特点以及对《农产品期货交易》课程进行概述,然后分析了当前高职院校《农产品期货交易》课程教学存在的主要问题,最后提出了高职院校《农产品期货交易》课程教学改革的建议,希望能为该课程的高职教学改革提供一些参考。%The rapid development of agricultural products futures for higher vocational agricultural products futures education provides opportunities for development.The agricultural products futures trading is a new and popular course,has a strong learning significance and practical value.Article firstly in this paper,the agricultural products futures talents knowledge structure and demand characteristics as well as to the “law of produce futures trading”course are summarized,and then analyzes the current higher vocational colleges of agricultural products futures trading,main problems of curriculum teaching,and finally puts forward the higher vocational colleges of the curriculum teaching reform in agricultural futures trading advice,hoping to provide some references for the curriculum of higher vocational teaching reform.

  7. The Construction and Reform of Linear Algebra Curriculum Centralized with the Ability Cultivation%以能力培养为中心的线性代数课程建设与改革

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨韧; 张志让

    2014-01-01

    文章针对线性代数教学现状,提出应用型本科院校线性代数课程教学目标,探讨线性代数课程建设内涵,在师资队伍建设、教材建设和教学改革等方面进行探索。实践表明,“以能力培养为中心”的线性代数课程建设与改革可促进教师转变教学观念,提升教学科研水平,推动学生转变学习方法,提高学习能力和综合应用知识的能力,培养学生的创新意识。%In accordance with teaching status of linear algebra,the paper proposes a teaching goal of linear algebra curriculum for applied undergraduate universities,and discusses the connotation of curriculum construction of linear algebra and makes an exploration on the construction of teachers,textbook construction, and teaching reform and so on. It has been shown that the construction and reform of linear algebra curriculum" Centralized with the Ability Cultivation" may promote teachers to change their teaching ideas,raise the lev-el of teaching and research,and impel students to change their learning methods,enhance their learning abil-ities and ability of comprehensively applying knowledge,and cultivate their innovative consciousness.

  8. 基于创新理念的电子技术教学改革研究%Teaching Reform of Electronic Technology Curriculum Based on Innovative Instruction Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李聪聪; 高立艾; 侯晨伟

    2014-01-01

    创新理念依据每个学生的个性发展,实施因材施教,培养学生的创新精神和创新能力。在电子技术课程教学中,传统的教学理念已不适应学科发展和新世纪对创新人才培养的要求,必须进行教学改革。本文以创新教学理念为指导,构建了适合创新人才培养、满足电子技术发展需求的电子技术课程理论与实践教学体系。本研究成果对高校电子技术课程教学改革和创新人才的培养具有一定理论指导意义。%Based on personality development of students, innovation instruction theory is to teach students in accordance with their aptitude, so as to cultivate their innovation spirit and innovation ability. In the teaching of electronic technology curriculum, traditional teaching method cannot keep pace with the discipline’s development and meet the urgent need of innovative talents in new age, it need reform urgently. With the guidance of innovative instruction theory, the theory and practice teaching system of electronic technology curriculum was constructed in this paper, which met the demand of electronic technology development and was suitable for innovative talent training. The research results had a certain theoretical guiding significance for the teaching reform of electronic technology curriculum and the cultivation of innovative talents.

  9. Vocational Skills Training Model for English Normal Students in the Setting of New Curriculum Reform%新课改背景下英语师范生职业技能训练模式研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨渊艺; 黄莉

    2015-01-01

    新一轮基础课程改革顺应时代发展潮流,摒弃落后的教学内容和模式,构建以素质教育为核心的基础课程体系。本文分析了传统教育模式中存在的问题,并且根据新课改的要求提出了英语师范生职业技能训练新模式,来弥补和完善传统模式的不足。%The new curriculum reform follows the development trend of the times, abandons outdated teaching content and mode, and builds a foundation curriculum concentrated on quality education. The paper analyses the problems in the traditional education mode, and proposes a new vocational training model for English normal students based on the requirements of new curriculum, so as to make up and improve the shortcomings of traditional models.

  10. 基于英语专业人才适应度调查课程设置改革%Meditations and Reform on Curriculum Design Based on Talents Adaptation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨东英; 秦学锋

    2012-01-01

    本次调查旨在了解河北联合大学的英语专业课程设置在学生综合素质培养、择业需求方面以及对当前学习或工作的作用。结果显示:课程设置在综合素质培养上的作用大于择业需求;对于专业相关的学习或工作上的作用大于与专业不相关的学习或工作。进一步探讨了调查结果对实现培养目标、改革课程设置和培养学生思辨能力等方面的启示。%The investigation is aimed to getacquainted with how the curriculum for English majors functions in developing students' comprehensive qualities and job hunting necessity. The results show that the curriculum has more effect on comprehensive qualities than job needs. In addition,it works more effectively on the work and study which are related to English than those which are irrelevant. The article further discusses how to achieve cultivation objectives,reform curriculum design and develop students' critical thinking.

  11. 民族高职保险专业课程设置改革与发展研究%Research on the Reformation and Development of Insurance Majored Curriculum in Ethnic Higher Vocational School

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林瑞全

    2012-01-01

    民族高职保险专业课程设置的核心应当凸显出四点:一是保险经营所需的技术和技能;二是保险经营的会计核算;三是保险经营的财务管理;四是保险专业能够兼容其他专业。只有课程设置科学合理,高职保险专业才有发展后劲。本文提出目前民族高职院校保险专业课程设置存在的问题;民族高职保险专业课程设置问题的原因和民族高职保险专业课程设置改革的建议。%The core module of insurance majored curriculum in ethnic vocational colleges should highlight four aspects of insurance business: technology and skills,accounting and checking,financial management and compatibility with other subjects.Only when the curriculum could be arranged scientifically and rationally,could the progressive potential be graranteed.This article presents the current problems in the provision of vocational insurance curriculum and the reasons for these problems as well as the advices for reformation.

  12. Discussion on School Physical Education Curriculum Reform from the Nature of Education%从教育的本质谈学校体育教育课程改革

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈云飞

    2011-01-01

    The current school physical education has a certain development bottleneck, the school physical education curriculum as one of the most important parts especially cause the attention of people. This paper,using the physical education curriculum reform after ten years as the background, based on the inherent requirement of school education, advocatesthat the value of school physical education curriculum should lies in cultivating people, take the human development as the core and respect the value of life.%当前学校体育的现状呈现出一定的发展瓶颈,学校体育教育课程作为其中最为重要的环节,尤其引起人们的关注。本文以新一轮体育教育课程改革历经了十个年头为背景,从学校教育内在要求出发,提出学校体育教育课程价值着眼于培养人,应以“人的发展”为核心,尊重生命价值。

  13. Michael Young and the Curriculum Field in South Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoadley, Ursula

    2015-01-01

    The paper addresses the question of what we should make of Michael Young's recent work with respect to curriculum theory by considering the particular case of South African curriculum reform. The paper thus traces two trajectories: the evolution of Michael Young's ideas over time and South African curriculum reform in the post-apartheid period.…

  14. The Lesotho Curriculum and Assessment Policy: Opportunities and Threats

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raselimo, Mohaeka; Mahao, Mahao

    2015-01-01

    The end of British colonial rule in 1966 provided an impetus for curriculum reform in Lesotho. Since then, a number of curriculum and assessment reforms have been attempted, albeit with a little success. In all cases, the aim has been to achieve the goals of education for national development. The "Curriculum and Assessment Policy" 2009…

  15. On teaching reform in the curriculum of Physical Education of School of the PE major in higher education in colleges%普通高校体育教育专业《学校体育学》课程教学改革的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴劲松

    2011-01-01

    面对基础教育课程改革,把《学校体育学》纳入体育教育专业的课程总体结构与人才培养目标中,重新审视其教学内容的科学性或合理性,具有特殊的意义.研究以科学发展观为指导,以基础教育课程改革基本经验、《学校体育学》课程发展现状为依据,结合《学校体育学》课程建设方面存在的问题,对我国普通高校体育教育专业《学校体育学》课程与教学改革进行研究,旨在为新时期完善《学校体育学》学科体系、促进其课程与教学改革提供参考.%In the face of the basic education curriculum reform, the Physical Education of School satisfied people's physical education curriculum and the overall structure of training objectives, to re-examine the content of their teaching or the rationality of science, it has very special significance, the research to the scientific development concept as a guide to the basic education curriculum reform of basic experience, today's Physical Education of School curriculum development based on the status quo, combined with the Physical Education of School curriculum development problems of China's PE professional Physical Education of School curriculum and teaching reform and research, aims to improve the new period, Physical Education of School subject system, and promote the reform of its curriculum and teaching reference.

  16. A case study of the impact of a reformed science curriculum on student attitudes and learning in a secondary physics classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Molotsky, Gregg Jeremy

    2011-12-01

    This case study examined the impact of the application of an inquiry-based concept related physics curriculum on student attitudes and learning in a secondary physics classroom in southern New Jersey. Students who had previously used a traditional physics curriculum were presented with a 10 week inquiry-based concept related physics curriculum on electricity and magnetism. The study utilized observations, a pre/post attitudinal survey, interviews of students and teachers about their perceptions of the inquiry-based curriculum, and artifact analysis of student work. The results showed a positive change in students' attitude in four of the eight categories designated in the CLASS survey. The observations, interviews and artifact analysis revealed that students were more engaged in learning physics through their discoveries in relating physics concepts to real world applications, a growing personal interest in the value and relevance of science learning and a disconnect between the students' and teacher's perceptions about what is important in learning physics. The study recommends that the rigidity of a traditional physics curriculum with its emphasis on covering many topics and the mathematical language of physics should give way to more inquiry-based concept related curriculum that incorporates exploration, hands-on inquiry activities, and real world connections. The research supports that better efforts be made to familiarize current and future secondary physics educators with the body of research that establishes the benefits of inquiry-based concept related curriculum on physics students.

  17. 新课改背景下高师古代文学课程与教学改革刍议%On Reform of Chinese Ancient Literature Course and Teaching in Normal Colleges under the Background of New Curriculum Reform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韦丹

    2012-01-01

    The implementation of the new curriculum reform puts forward a series of requirements for teaching of Chinese ancient literature in normM colleges such as the teaching aim, teaching content, teaching concepts and teaching methods. These requirements, however, are not met in the teaching of Chinese ancient literature in normal colle- ges. Under the background of new curriculum reform, to explore the approach for the reform of the Chinese ancient literature in normal colleges, it is suggested to reestablish course system, improve teaching objectives, strengthen literary theory and culture history teaching, change the teaching concept, teaching method, attach importance not only to basic teaching, but also to academic research ability training. Only in this way, earl Chinese ancient literature teaching in normal colleges radiates new vitality to meet the the requirement of new curriculum reform and to realize the training objectives of normal colleges and universities.%新课改的推行对高师古代文学教学提出了教学目标、教材内容、教师教学观念及教学方法上的一系列要求。面对这些要求,高师古代文学教学却无法对接,其现状不尽如人意。因而要在新课改背景下寻求高师古代文学的改革路径,可重新设置课程体系、改进教学目标、增强文论、文化史等内容的教学,改变教学观念、教学方法,既要重视基础教学,也要重视学术研究能力的培养。只有这样,才能使高师古代文学教学焕发新的生机,适应新课改的需求,实现高师院校的培养目标。

  18. On Effective Teaching Based on Classroom Environment under the Condition of the New Curriculum Reform%新课改条件下基于课堂环境的有效教学

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程艳; 折延东

    2013-01-01

    Effective teaching is the concentrated embodiment of the new curriculum reform in classroom teaching, influencing the effect of classroom teaching, and even the implementation of the new curriculum reform. The teacher's teaching mainly takes place in classroom, so the classroom environment directly influences the effective teaching. Since the implementation of the new cur-riculum reform, classroom environment has been continuously re-organized and optimized, providing beneficial conditions for effective teaching;at the same time, there are still some problems in classroom environment, severely affecting the further imple-mentation of effective teaching. This paper analyzes the current situation of classroom environment, and starting from the angle of effective teaching, proposes a series of corresponding measures, aiming to positively establish good classroom environment and promote the implementation of effective teaching.%有效教学是新课改在课堂教学中的精神体现,影响到课堂教学的效果甚至新课改实施的效果。教师的教学以课堂为主,课堂环境直接影响教学的有效进行。新课改实施以来,课堂环境不断重组、优化,为有效教学的进行提供了有益条件;与此同时,课堂环境仍然存在一些问题,严重影响了有效教学的进一步开展。论文对课堂环境的现状进行分析,从有效教学的角度出发,提出一系列针对性措施,有助于积极营造良好的课堂环境,促进有效教学的实施。

  19. Rational Thinking on Adolescent Physical Health and Reform of School P.E.Curriculum%青少年体质健康与学校体育课程改革思辨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陶丹

    2016-01-01

    Adolescent physical health is the foundation of national continuation and rejuvenation .The paper mainly adopts methods of literature and practical survey to study adolescent physical health and current reform situation of middle school P.E.curriculum.The study shows that the theoretical reform of school P .E.curriculum is beyond P.E.teaching practice;P.E.teachers are in confusion and bewilderment in teaching practice;P.E. teaching in class deviates from education and has become a mere formality .Ascension of adolescent physical health level has become a complex social problem .The development of school sports needs to adjust the strategy , form social mainstream culture that emphasizes physical education to improve the status of P .E.class in school education .Carrying forward P .E.curriculum reform with higher national sense of responsibility and implementing sports special courses are effective measures to enhance the level of adolescent physical health .%青少年体质健康是民族传续和民族复兴的基础。主要采用文献资料法、实践调研等研究方法,对青少年体质健康和中学体育课程改革现状进行研究。研究表明:学校体育课程理论改革超越于体育教学实践,体育教师在教学实践中处于困惑与迷茫的状态,体育课堂教学背离教育,体育成为一种流于形式的教育。青少年体质健康水平的提升成为一种复杂的社会问题。学校体育的发展需要调整战略,需要形成重视体育教育的社会主流文化,提高体育课在学校教育中的地位。以高度的民族责任感进行体育课程改革,推行体育专项课是提升青少年体质健康水平的有效举措。

  20. 《餐饮服务技术训练》课程教学改革探索--以邢台职业技术学院旅游管理专业为例%Curriculum Reform of “Food and Beverage Service Technical Training”--Taking Xingtai Polytechnic College Tourism Management Major as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高联辉

    2015-01-01

    我国旅游业发展十分迅速,旅游管理专业核心课程改革势在必行。以《餐饮服务技术训练》课程为例,课程改革包括教学内容和教学方法等具体措施。改革取得的效果应当以学生的满意为尺度。%Our country’s tourism is developing very fastly,so core curriculum reform in tourism management specialty is necessary. Taking the food and beverage service technical training courses as an example, the concrete measures of curriculum reform include teaching contents and teaching methods and so forth. The author argues that the effect of the reform should be judged by the students’ satisfactions.

  1. Important development strategy of our country ordinary university physical education curriculum reform in the new period%新时期我国普通高校体育课程改革的重要发展策略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨林

    2015-01-01

    With the deepening of quality education reform and the development of modern physical education teaching, physical education in colleges and universities for the development by leaps and bounds. Colleges and universities as the cultivation of the talent aggregation base, to develop our social creative talents and the backbone of the Chinese athletes are very important. Deepen the reform of physical education teaching, innovative teaching objectives and teaching plan, build suitable for the situation of the current our country education system of PE curriculum reform is the most powerful development of college sports wrist. Accordingly, for deepening the reform of physical education curriculum teaching, improve the teaching quality of physical education and teacher's professional skill, innovation mechanism, the development of physical education teaching in order to promote students' physical and mental health, fitness, sets up the lifelong sports consciousness make greater contributions.%伴随着我国素质教育的深入改革和实施以及现代化体育教学的与时俱进,我国高校体育教育事业得到了突飞猛进的发展历程.高校作为人才聚集的培养基地,为培养我国社会创新型人才和输送体育健儿具有非常重要的中坚力量.深化体育教育教学改革,创新教学目标和教学计划,构建适合当前我国教育国情的体育课程课改体系是发展高校体育最有力的手腕.据此,为深化体育课程教学改革,提高体育课教学质量和教师业务水平,创新发展体育教育教学机制,为促进学生身心健康、体魄强健,树立终身体育意识做出更大贡献.

  2. Teaching Reform of DSP Curriculum Group Goal-oriented by Abilities Training on Hierarchy Model for IT Majors%分层能力目标导向的IT专业DSP课程群改革

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈芬; 王晓东; 章联军; 彭宗举; 严迪群

    2016-01-01

    针对目前高校IT专业DSP(Digital Signal Processing)课程群技术革新快、知识覆盖面广、课程难度大、综合性实践环节缺失等问题,探索了“能力本位教育”理念下进阶式分层培养的DSP课程群教学改革。构建了分层能力目标导向的 DSP 课程教学体系和实践能力培养体系,明确了各能力层级的教学任务和能力培养目标。尝试了工程素养融合培养的教学模式改革,探索应用了行业真实项目驱动下的 PBL 教学法、线上线下混合式教学法改革。教学实践结果表明,DSP课程群改革具有一定成效,学生创新意识与工程应用能力提升显著,得到行业用人单位的认可。%This paper aims to consider the teaching reform of DSP curriculum group oriented by abilities training based on hierarchy model in the perspective of Competency Based Education (CBE) to tackle the pressing issues of IT major students in universities, such as the rapid DSP technology innovation, wide and difficult literacy in curriculum group, and inadequate abilities training of DSP technology. It focuses on the construction of the DSP curriculum group system and the practical ability training system to be goal-oriented by abilities training based on hierarchy model for IT majors students. The sub-goals of abilities training and the teaching tasks of each ability level are divided clearly, to cultivate students’ DSP applied abilities and engineering quality. Driven by real industrial projects, teaching methods of Problem-Based Learning (PBL) and Blended Teaching online and offline is explored. The reform of DSP curriculum group for IT major students based on the hierarchy abilities training has been proven to effectively improve graduates’ innovation skills and DSP engineering applied abilities recognized by peers and employers.

  3. 高职院校机械专业实践课程改革分析与探索%Analysis and Exploration on Practical Curriculum Reform of Mechanical Major in Higher Vocational Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王亚峰

    2012-01-01

    The importance of practice teaching is often ignored by mechanical major in higher occupation education, and theory teaching is too heavy. The practical teaching is too single, the ability to integrated processing of mechanical types of work is not enhanced. The current problem is to improve students' skill level, which is the problem that solves urgently for practical curriculum reform of mechanical major.%高等职业教育机械专业往往忽视了实践教学的重要性,理论课教学过于繁重.而实训教学又过于单一,学生对机械工种的综合加工能力欠缺.目前的问题就是如何提高学生的技能水平,这也是机械专业实践课改革亟待解决的问题.

  4. Exploration curriculum based micro Computer Application Foundation Teaching Reform%基于微课程的《计算机应用基础》课程教学改革探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    游琪

    2016-01-01

    In today's mobile Internet era, all kinds of mobile devices is becoming increasingly popular, and the growing cell phone to play, especially college students have become accustomed to using a cell phone to view various types of information. According to research universities and micro-curriculum class situation itself features in micro Teaching Model at Universities aspirations of reform.%在当今的移动互联网时代,各种移动终端设备越来越普及了,玩手机的人日益增长,尤其是在校大学生已经习惯了使用手机查看各类信息。根据高校上课情况的调研及微课程本身的特点,在高校实施微课程教学模式改革是势在必得了。

  5. Reform and Practice of Organic Chemical Curriculum of Applied Chemistry in Agricultural Colleges%农业院校应化专业有机化学课程改革与实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王丽波; 徐雅琴

    2012-01-01

    针对农业院校有机化学教学特点,对教学过程中存在的问题提出改革措施,编写了有机化学教材;采用现代教学手段、理论联系实际改善课堂教学结构;注重理论课与实验课的交叉渗透,增设开放性实验,提高了教学效果。%Aimed at the teaching characteristics of organic chemistry in agricultural colleges,the paper puts forward the reform measures for the problems in the teaching process,writes teaching materials in organic chemistry;improves classroom teaching structure by modern teaching way and linking theory with practice;pays attention to the penetration of theoretical and experimental curriculum,increases open experiments,and enhances the teaching effect.

  6. Under the New Curriculum Reform Requires the Transition of the Elementary School Mathematics Teaching Mode%新课改要求下小学数学教学模式的转变

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨水根

    2014-01-01

    传统小学数学教学模式是以教师为中心形成的一种单向被动的学习模式,其教学手段和目的已不能适应新课改要求下的小学数学教学,所以,对其进行深入的分析与研究具有十分重要的意义。%Traditional elementary school mathematics teaching mode is a teacher as the center to form a one-way passive learning pattern, its teaching means and purpose can’t adapt to the request of new curriculum reform of elementary school mathematics teaching, therefore, the in-depth analysis and research is of great significance.

  7. 新课改下英语课堂教学中的几点尝试%Some Attempts in English Classroom Teaching in the Light of New Curriculum Reform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    强科燕

    2011-01-01

    In light of the new curriculum reform, motivating students' interest, forming harmonious environment, obeying cognitive laws, advocating teaching methods innovation, and strengthening guidance on learning methods and getting rid of learning difficulty are%在新课改下。激发学生兴趣、形成和谐环境、倡导教法创新、加强学法指导、走出学习困境是提高英语教学质量的关键所在。本文对高中英语课堂教学有效性进行浅谈,以期指导我桐的英语教学。

  8. 新教师资格考试背景下的学前教育专业课程改革研究%Curriculum Reform of Preschool Education Under the Background of the New Teacher Qualification Examination

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵梦莹

    2016-01-01

    教育部《中小学教师资格考试暂行办法》规定教师资格证需通过全国统一考试方可申请。在此背景下,学前教育专业要想求生存、求发展、求创新,就必须进行课程改革。以教育部相关文件为指导依据,剖析幼儿教师国家资格考试的内容,建议学前教育专业课程改革应以重视师德教育;增加基本素养模块,补充通识性知识;加大培养幼儿教师专业核心能力课程的比重;增加教育实践课程时间,完善实践教学体系为改革方向。%The Ministry of Education issued the Interim Measures for the qualification examination of primary and secondary school teachers in 2013, and made clear that the teacher qualification certificate should be applied through the national unified ex-amination.In this context, the preschool education majors must carry on the curriculum reform in order to survive and develop . Based on the relevant documents of the Ministry of education, this paper analyzes the contents of the national qualification examina-tion for preschool teachers.The direction of preschool education curriculum reform is to strengthen teachers'moral education , in-crease the proportion of teachers'professional core competence and the practical courses’ time and to improve the practical teaching system.

  9. 新形势下高等农业院校创业教育课程体系改革探析%On the Reform of Entrepreneurship Education Curriculum System in Higher Agricultural Universities in the New Situation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦素玲; 卢红振

    2015-01-01

    Through the methods of literature data,logic reasoning,investigation and interviews,and a lot of a-nalysis,comparisons and researches,this paper researches the construction and implementation of entrepreneurship education curriculum system in higher agricultural universities,and claims that the improvement of the curriculum system of entrepreneurship education in higher agricultural universities is the important guarantee to enhance college students’comprehensive quality and competitiveness,and it has a special position and role in improving the ability structure of students,improving the students’learning enthusiasm,initiative and creativity,promoting the further development of entrepreneurship education reform in higher agricultural universities.Meanwhile,this paper puts forward some recommendations for the reform of the course system in higher agricultural universities.%采用文献资料法、逻辑推理法、调查访问法等,经过大量的分析、对比和研究,从高等农业院校创业教育课程体系构建及课程实施着手研究,认为改进高等农业院校创业教育课程体系,是提升大学生综合素质和竞争力的重要保证,对改善学生的能力结构,提高学生学习的积极性、主动性和创造性,促进高等农业院校创业教育改革的深入发展,具有特殊的地位和作用。并就高等农业院校创业教育课程体系的改革完善提出了建议。

  10. 新世纪以来加拿大基础教育课程改革及其启示%T he Basic Education Curriculum Reform in Canada in the New Century and its Implication for China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    和学新; 杨静

    2013-01-01

    新世纪,面临着国际社会的巨大竞争压力、自身复杂的民族问题、学生日益下滑的成绩以及社会环境的大改变等众多问题,加拿大对基础教育进行了改革,各省份颁布了众多权威性的法案保障改革的顺利进行,还成立了教育部长协会协调各省的教育思路,使改革朝着有利学生和社会的方向稳步进行。新世纪加拿大基础教育课程改革,“分权”和“统一”相结合,“统一”的趋势愈加明显;注重与社会的联系,增加科学课程和实用性课程;将信息技术与课程合理整合;同时体现出“多元文化”的特点。加拿大新世纪课程改革也存在一些问题,如课程内容混乱,缺乏省际交流;对教师的要求过高,改革操之过急,造成教师能力发展滞后;过分尊重学生的天性,不利于系统知识的传授等。加拿大基础教育课程改革的经验与教训启示我们:在进行基础教育课程改革时应确立学生为中心的原则;应适当下放教育权利;要改革科学技术课程中的不合理之处;要建设一批高素质的教师队伍,培养一批具有领导才能的教育管理人员;要增加教育经费投入,为课程改革提供财力支持等。%In the new century ,the enormous pressure of international competition ,the complex ethnic issues ,declining students grades and lead to drastic changes in social environment lead to the basic eduction reform in Canada .Numerous authoritative acts have been issued in each province to guarantee the smooth development of reform .The Council of Ministers of Education has been founded to coordinate the education plans of different provinces ,so that the reform heads to the right direction of favoring students and society .Basic Education Curriculum Reform in Canada tends to combine“decentralization”with“unification” ,though“decentralization”trend is getting more prominent .It also

  11. 基于营销理论视角的通识选修课程教改实践--以灾害地质课程为例%The Teaching Reform Practice in Elective Curriculum of General Education Based on View of Marketing---A Case Study on Hazardous Geology Curriculum

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柳林; 王东启; 陈圆圆; 段玉山

    2015-01-01

    General education is a critical approach both to construct high-level university and cultivate high-quality undergraduates. In this paper,based on the view of marketing,we take the hazardous geology curriculum as an example,analyze the characteristics of target audience of the curriculum and discuss the principle and emphasis on curriculum-positioning in the internet era. And then,we put forward three points of view,including reforming the evaluation methods,exerting teachers′leading role,and dynamically adjus-ting the course-positioning. And five effective approaches to educational reform are proposed from the curricu-lum,which includes establishing case subject,researching and discussing,enlightening with questions,in-teracting,and visit the practice.%通识教育是建设高水平大学、培养高素质大学生的重要途径。文章基于营销理论视角,以华东师范大学灾害地质课程教学改革为例,分析了课程目标受众的特点,探讨了网络时代下的课程定位原则和重点;提出了改革考核方式、发挥教师主导作用、动态调整课程定位的3点思考;总结了本课程中构建案例专题、研究探讨、问题启发、参与互动、参观实践等5种教学改革的有效方法。

  12. Analysis of Accounting Computerization Curriculum Reform based on Ability%基于能力为核心的会计电算化课程改革分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    顾珊

    2015-01-01

    In order to improve the teaching quality of colleges and universities, the teaching reform of colleges and universities should to strengthen the professional ability as the goal, to accounting practice ability as the core, improve their professional skills. On the basis of in-depth analysis of accounting electric calculation teaching present situation and the ability is the core of accounting electric calculation of curriculum reform is analyzed. To improve the students of accounting professional accounting ability, analysis ability and management ability, cultivate social needs of high-quality personnel.%为了提高高等院校的教学质量,高等院校的教学改革就应该以强化职业能力为目标,以会计实践能力为核心,提高学生的专业技能。在此基础上,深入分析了会计电算化的教学现状,并对以能力为核心的会计电算化课程改革进行分析,旨在提高会计专业学生的核算能力、分析能力和管理能力,培养出社会所需要的高素质人才。

  13. Exploration of Teaching Reform in the Curriculum Design of Polymer Materials%高分子材料课程设计教学改革的探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张新; 金志杰; 王丽

    2012-01-01

    Taking the curriculum design of polymer materials in material chemistry specialty of Binzhou university as an example, the universal problem of experimental curriculum design was analyzed in the angle of training application type talents, and the new effective teaching mode of experimental curriculum design was explored from teaching process ,the form of choosing subject and the way of assessment%从应用型人才培养角度出发,以高分子材料课程设计教学为案例,分析了目前实验型课程设计普遍存在的问题,并从教学过程、选题形式和考核方式等方面对新颖有效的实验型课程设计教学模式进行了探索。

  14. Practical curriculum reform of Microbiology and cultivation of students′innovative ability%微生物学实践课程改革与学生创新能力的培养

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟建宇; 张峰; 陶羽; 李蘅; 冯福应

    2015-01-01

    微生物学是生命科学专业重要的基础课程,该课程应用性强。培养具有科学创新能力的科研人才和解决实际问题的应用型人才,是地方综合性大学的核心任务。为了更好地实现“学生为主体、教师为主导”的教育理念,对微生物学实践教学的教学内容和方法及师资培养等环节进行了改革,取得了一定的成效,形成了多样化的教学策略,为实践教学改革提供了新的思路。实践证明,学生能很好地掌握实验技能,促进了他们的实践能力和创新能力,提高了他们的科研素质。%Microbiology , an important specialty basic course of life sciences , features high applicability .The important mission of lo-cal comprehensive university is to develop the students′scientific innovation and their ability of solving the practical problem .In order to achieve the education idea of "student as subject and teacher as guider", we reformed the practical teaching contents and methods of microbiology , and teacher training .The reform measures achieved good results .Diversified teaching strategies were formed , which pro-vides a new idea for the practice curriculum reform of Microbiology .The practice showed that students can master experimental skills very well.Students′practical ability and creative qualities were promoted .The quality of their scientific research was improved .

  15. The Revelation of Service-learning Paradigm to Curriculum Reform of Higher Education in China%美国的服务-学习模式对中国高校课程体系改革的启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张萍

    2012-01-01

    Based on Dewey's experiential education,service-learning proves to be an important teaching strategy in education reform,integrating academic teaching and community service experience so as to overcome the traditional disconnection between school and the community.Despite the fact that service-learning has been widely practiced in China's Hong Kong,Taiwan,and many countries across the world,it is a relatively new concept in mainland China and therefore worth studying.In the course of China's higher education reform,service-learning pedagogy and curriculum practice provides insights for Chinese universities in terms of promoting whole-person education and teaching reform that greatly emphasizes the cultivation of students' practical and innovative abilities.%服务-学习以杜威的经验教育为哲学基础,避免了传统教育与现实社会脱节的缺陷,将学校教育与校外服务经验结合起来,不失为教育改革中的重要教学策略.在世界各国和中国香港及台湾地区,服务-学习理念得到了普遍认可和广泛应用,但在中国大陆,它仍是一个相对较新的概念,值得深入研究.在中国高等教育改革进程中,高校可以借鉴服务-学习理念与实践做法,以推进全人教育,构建实践教学体系,培养应用型创新人才.

  16. “大数据”时代下《卫生法学》课程教学评价改革初探%Discussions on Curriculum Teaching Evaluation Reform of Health Law in"Big Data"Era

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李艳霞

    2014-01-01

    传统《卫生法学》课程的教学评价存在标准落后、形式滞后、体系缺失等诸多缺陷。在“大数据”时代下,《卫生法学》课程的教学评价改革应从量化教学评价标准、完善过程性教学评价形式、健全教学评价体系三方面入手。%Traditional curriculum teaching evaluation of Health Law has many defects, such as backward teaching evaluation standard, the lag of teaching evaluation form, the missing of teaching evaluation system, etc..In the "Big Data" era, curriculum teaching evaluation reform of Health Law should be carried out from the following three aspects: quantizing teaching evaluation standard, perfecting the procedural teaching evaluation form, and improving the teaching evaluation.

  17. 课改下如何构建高效的计算机应用基础课堂%How to Build an Efficient Computer Application Foundation Classroom under the Curriculum Reform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘坤

    2014-01-01

    Efficient classroom teaching has always been a goal pursued by the majority of teachers,its value is not only enable students to master basic computer knowledge, more important is the ability to develop students’applications and information literacy, to ensure that students get better development.Therefore,under the new curriculum reform,curriculum ideas should seriously be applied to all aspects of basic computer application class,lay a solid foundation for all-round development of students.%高效课堂一直都是广大教师所追求的一种教学目标,其价值不仅是要让学生掌握基本的计算机知识,更重要的是培养学生的应用能力和信息素养,以确保学生获得更好的发展。因此,在新课程改革下,教师要认真将课改理念应用到计算机应用基础课堂的各个环节,以为学生全面的发展打下坚实的基础。

  18. 新课改下中学语文课堂导入例谈%On Classroom Lead-in Models in Middle School Chinese Teaching from the Perspective of the New Curriculum Reform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张秀芹

    2012-01-01

    The new curriculum standards have given prominence to such three-dimensional goals as “knowledge and competence”, “process and strategy”, as well as “affective attitude and values”. Under the circumstances of the new curriculum reform, Chinese teaching in middle schools must be one that aims at achieving such three-dimen- sional goals, and similarly, these three-dimensional goals should serve as both the “starting point”and “ end point” in carrying out classroom lead-in activities in Chinese instruction.%新课程标准强调了“知识和能力”、“过程和方法”、“情感态度和价值观”三个维度的教学目标。新课改下的语文课必然是朝向三维目标的课堂,语文课堂的导入行为必然也将以三个雏度的教学目标为出发点和归宿。

  19. Guidelines for curriculum reform in the University of Cauca's speech-language therapy programme, 2004. Diagnostic phase LINEAMIENTOS PARA UNA REFORMA CURRICULAR EN EL PROGRAMA DE FONOAUDIOLOGÍA DE LA UNIVERSIDAD DEL CAUCA 2004. FASE DIAGNÓSTICA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nora Aneth Pava Ripoll

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. The article presented here gives the results of research entitled, “Curriculum reform of the academic speech therapy programme at the University of Cauca - diagnostic phase”. Curriculum reform emerges from the need for growing convergence between knowledge and action in order to respond with greater precision and certainty to social, economic, political and human realities. It is recognised that ongoing adjustments should be made to respond to the disciplines’ dynamic evolution. Objective. Theoretical and practical bases are thus proposed; they are tailored to the context of curriculum reform regarding the University of Cauca’s speech therapy programme so that ideas and strategies guiding the meaningfulness of the curriculum may be proposed. Materials and methods.Using qualitative (evaluative research and documentary analysis led to rapprochement with the players involved (teachers and students. The research was carried out with 20 professors and 53 students from the University of Cauca’s speech therapy programme. A serious diagnosis was thereby achieved that dealt with analysing academic practice, evaluation systems, the concepts of training and curriculum, the models of pedagogic formation, predominant theoretical trends, the educational plan and relationships between teachers and students. Results. A technical concept of training emphasising knowledge-based humanistic and comprehensive concepts was outlined in this research. The concept of curriculum was separated from comprehensive training and limited to content. Pedagogic practice was focused on the teacher, thus favouring teaching rather than learning. Conclusions. The academic practices of the players involved in a higher education programme should be transformed so that curriculum reform can be contemplated; real positioning of cultures and academic communities should be made. Moreover, the curriculum should always be thought of as being a process of ongoing

  20. 软件技术专业课程改革与学生职业能力培养研究%Research on Software Technology Professional Curriculum Reform and Students' Occupation Ability Training

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈丹

    2016-01-01

    Social competence and vocational graduates during the school of their culture are closely related to professional competence, in order to enable graduates outstanding professional skills, job requirements in line with business correspon-dence, software, technical expertise on curriculum reform introduced a simulation based business class and project teaching, so that students develop learning skills while job vocational ability, to achieve a vocational activity flow of the main line, capacity-building oriented, combining learning with curriculum, effectively improve the students' employability and career development force.%高职毕业生的社会竞争力与在校期间对其职业能力的培养是紧密相关的,为了使毕业生专业技能突出,符合企业对应岗位要求,软件技术专业在课程改革上引入了仿真式企业课堂和项目化教学,让学生在学习技能训练的同时培养岗位职业能力,实现以职业活动流程为主线、能力培养为主导、工学结合的课程体系,有效提高了学生就业能力和职业发展力。

  1. Reform Ideas of the Curriculum of Advanced Financial Management Education in the Post-crisis Era%后金融危机时代《高级财务管理学》教学改革构想

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐全华

    2012-01-01

    Financial crisis not only has an profound effect on corporate financial management, but also puts forward a higher level on the financial management education. How to improve students' sense of professionalism and competence to practice is the biggest challenges to the curriculum of advanced financial management. This paper analyzes the main problems of the course in current undergraduate level, and gives some proposals on how to reform the curriculum.%金融危机带来了企业财务管理职能的深刻转变,也给财务管理的教学提出了更高的要求,如何提高学生的专业意识和执业能力是《高级财务管理学》教学面临的最大挑战.本文分析了目前本科层次《高级财务管理学》课程中存在的主要问题,并提出了相应的改革方案.

  2. Review of the Foundation for Successful and It's Enlightment to Mathematics Curriculum Reform%美国《成功的基础》评介及其对数学课程改革的启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    东洪平; 张维忠

    2011-01-01

    Briefly introduce and evaluate the relevant background,content of Foundation for Successful-National Math Advisory Panel Final Report.On this basis,we point out some features of American curriculum reform: focus on "Foundations of Algebra",penetrate the concepts and ideas of algebra in advancen,look for the point of balance,etc.Finally,rethought math curriculum reform and development between America and our country,and draw on the American device to penetrate the concepts and ideas of algebra in the primary grades in our country.%美国没有全国统一的数学课程标准与教材,标准的制订与教材的编写都由各州或学区自己来完成.美国数学课程改革的特点有:聚焦"代数基础",提前渗透代数概念和思想,寻找平衡点等.《成功的基础》的启示是:应将有关模式内容从低年级开始重视,同时把代数思想以非正式的形式逐步渗透.

  3. Teaching reform of arts curriculum in architecture design major of higher vocational colleges%高职建筑设计专业美术类课程教学改革探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张霞; 李玲

    2011-01-01

    An analysis was made of the current educational pattern of arts curriculum in architecture design major of higher vocational colleges.Problems were pointed out in training plan design,teaching content and teaching forms.Discussions were made on how to carry out teaching reforms of arts curric-ulum in view of the characteristics of architecture design major in higher vocational colleges.Based on teaching practice,studies were made on how to develop students’creative thinking ability,strengthen their practical and innovative abilities,stimulate their learning enthusiasm and enhance their learning initiatives.%分析了当前高职建筑设计专业美术类课程教育模式,提出在培养计划设计、教学内容及教学形式上存在的问题,讨论如何针对高职建筑设计专业的特点进行美术类课程的教学改革,并结合教学实践探讨如何拓展学生的创造性思维能力,增强学生实践能力和创新能力,激发学生的学习热情,提高学生的学习主动性。

  4. The Confusion and Countermeasures of Rural School Sports under the New Curriculum Reform Background%新课改背景下农村学校体育的困惑与对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭作军

    2012-01-01

    The implementation of new basic education sports curriculum reform bring development opportunities for the rural school sports,however,the rural school sports is facing some confusion,for example,the recognize is insufficient to sports,the function of sports value orientation urbanization,the sole sports teaching pattern,the sports curriculum standards exist in name only and so on.In view of the rural school sports existence these confusion,corresponding strategies were proposed in order to promote the healthy development of the rural school sports.%新一轮基础教育体育课程改革的实施,为农村学校体育带来了良好的发展机遇的同时,农村学校也出现了对体育的认识不足,体育价值功能取向城市化,体育教学模式单一,体育课程标准实施虚无化等困惑。针对农村学校体育的困惑提出了相应对策,以期促进农村学校体育的健康发展。

  5. The Impact of Education Reform on Music Education: Paradigm Shifts in Music Education Curriculum, Advocacy, and Philosophy from "Sputnik" to Race to the Top

    Science.gov (United States)

    Branscome, Eric E.

    2012-01-01

    President Obama recently described America's current economic, societal, educational, and technological circumstances as "our generation's 'Sputnik' moment." If history repeats itself in the twenty-first century, music educators may face a situation similar to that which developed in the 1960s concerning the impact of education reform on…

  6. 二十世纪八十年代以来美日英三国基础教育课程改革的发展与比较%A Comparative Study on Curriculum Reform in Elementary Education of America, Japan and Britain since 1980s

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    凌品芳; 江平

    2011-01-01

    Since 1980s, the development of politics, economy and culture invokes educational reform. Therefore, a new round elementary curriculum reform started in America, Japan and Britain. This paper attempts to have a comparative study on the development of elementary curriculum reform in these three countries and provides an enlightenment on the elementary curriculum reform in China.%20世纪80年代以后,世界政治、经济、科学文化的发展对各国的教育改革提出了新的要求。在这样的大背景下,美日英三国都进行了新一轮的基础教育课程改革。从基础教育课程改革的目标和课程改革的主要方面两个维度考查关、日、英三国的基础教育课程改革动向,可以窥探美日英三国当前基础教育改革的特点和异同,为我国的基础教育课程改革提供一定的参考。

  7. Política educacional, mudanças no mundo do trabalho e reforma curricular dos cursos de graduação no Brasil Educational politics, changes in the work world and grade courses curriculum reformation in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Afrânio Mendes Catani

    2001-08-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho procura contribuir para o debate acerca do atual processo de reconfiguração da educação superior no Brasil, destacando os elementos centrais que estruturam a política de currículo para os cursos de graduação. Tal política articula a reforma curricular com as alterações no mundo do trabalho provocadas pela reestruturação produtiva, interferindo diretamente na esfera da produção do conhecimento e da formação profissional. Promover a adaptação curricular sobre esta ótica significa, em grande parte, fazer o jogo da educação superior privada mercantil, privilegiando o desenvolvimento de competências específicas ao invés do domínio da "inteligência de um processo". Significa, ainda, deixar em segundo plano a questão dos efeitos da modernização tecnológica capitalista no mundo do trabalho e na vida social.This text tries to contribute to the debate about the actual process of the grade education reconfiguration in Brazil, emphasizing the central elements which structure the curriculum politics for the grade courses. This kind of politics articulates the curriculum reformation with some modifications in the work world instigated by the productive restructuration, interfering directly in the knowledge production sphere and in the professional background. Promoting the curriculum adaptation about this point of view means to make the mercantile particular grade education game, privileging the specific competencies development instead of a "process intelligence" domain. It still means that the capitalist technological modernization effects question in the work world and in the social life must be left on second plan.

  8. College Chinese Curriculum Reform and Comprehensive Quality Improvement from the Perspective of Humanistic Care%人文关怀视野下大学语文课程改革与综合素养的提升

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈亚琼

    2014-01-01

    社会经济的高速发展与大学教育的普及化浪潮巩固了大学应用型、实用型学科课程教学的中心地位,而作为人文科学基础学科的大学语文课却没有得到应有的重视。语文课程是当代大学生内在精神发展的动力,也是提升大学生综合素养的基础所在。鉴于人文关怀的缺失是目前大学课程设置中普遍存在的问题,大学语文课程的改革应当立足于学科的人文性目标定位,通过“知、情、行”三者的有机结合,构建充满人文关怀的语文教学模式。%Rapid social and economic development and college education popularization have consolidated the central role of college applied and practical disciplines in curriculum teaching, but college Chinese, as the basic discipline of humanities, has not been given due attention. The Chinese course is the driving force for the internal spiritual development of contemporary college students, as well as the basis for the improvement of college stu-dents' comprehensive quality. In view of the common problem that humanistic care is insufficient in the current college curricu-lum setting, college Chinese curriculum reform should be orient-ed by its humanistic objective, and construct a Chinese teaching model full of humanistic care through the organic integration of"cognition, emotion and behavior".

  9. [Teaching and learning in surgery--The Gottingen curriculum].

    Science.gov (United States)

    König, S; Markus, P M; Becker, H

    2001-05-01

    The study of medicine in Germany is in need of reform. Oversubscribed courses, the lack of practical reference, scarce patient contact and cancelled lessons define the educational landscape for many students. Since at present we cannot carry out global reforms, the quality of medical education is highly dependent on the commitment of those responsible in the individual institution. The aim of the revised surgical curriculum in Göttingen is to demonstrate how medical education with a high didactic level including multimedia teaching can be realised despite large student numbers. Duties both in patient care and education are coordinated through integrated organisation. Educational content and structure are made transparent by online guidebooks. In the surgical examination course and the practical course in surgery, patient-oriented tuition takes place consistently in small groups. The Teaching Studio provides additional aids such as interactive CD-ROMs, online research, textbooks, ultrasound equipment, examination and suturing dummies. Curriculum-relevant information, including the weekly case examples and instruction guides for clinical practical experience, is presented on an Internet website. Constant evaluation of the curriculum not only documents student motivation, but also serves to improve the educational concepts on a continuous basis. On completion of the practical course in surgery, 65% of participants maintain that they have reached the defined learning objectives "well" or "very well" (prior to reform only 17%). In the summer semester 2000, 46% of students gave top marks in the practical course in surgery with respect to tuition in patient contact. The results of the evaluations verify the positive feedback from the student body.

  10. 我国基础教育课程内容改革的特点、问题与发展方向%Characteristics of China’s Basic Education Curriculum Contents Reform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙泽文

    2013-01-01

      我国新一轮基础教育课程内容改革表现出注重传统性与现代性、基础性与发展性、共同性与个性化、学术性与生活性统整的特点。但由于在一些方面的改革过于激进,采取了一种颠覆性的革命方式,导致课程内容存在与素质教育整体性目标相悖的问题。在信息化、全球化背景下,基础教育课程内容改革应按照时代精神和社会发展需求建构一个具有内在联系的文化整体,将一个完整的世界呈现给学习者,以推进基础教育课程内容体系的科学化建设。%The organization of course contents is no longer simply the subject-centric in the new round of basic education curricu-lum reform in China, which demonstrates a compatible focus of tradition and modernization, fundamentality and development, common-ality and personalization, technicality and life, and so on. However, too much radicalization and disruptive revolution in some aspects of the reform leads to the contrary from course contents to holistic training goals of quality education. In the context of information and globalization, basic education curriculum reform should organically integrate the knowledge of different disciplines, the practice of learners and the social problems and build a culture whole of intrinsic link in accordance with the spirit of the times and the needs of so-cial development, and present a complete world to the learner so as to achieve a holistic goal of quality education.

  11. Research on Teaching Reform Practice of Martial Arts Curriculum in Higher Vocational Sports%高职体育专业武术课程教学改革实践研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹虎愚

    2015-01-01

    高职学校体育专业是培养体育实用性人才的重要场所,同我国体育事业的发展有着直接的联系。但是就目前来看,我国高职体育专业武术课程的教学还存在很多需要完善的地方,教学质量并不乐观。因此,必须要重视教学改革实践工作。本文首先对高职体育专业开设武术课程的必要性做了简单的介绍,然后对武术课程教学现状进行了分析,并以太极拳为例阐述了武术教学的改革思路,希望能对我国高职体育专业工作的开展提供一些有价值的参考。%The sports specialty of higher vocational college is the important place to cultivate practical sport talents and it has a direct link with the development of China’s sports undertakings. But now, there are still many places need to improving in the teaching of martial arts curriculum in China’s vocational education and the quality of teaching is not optimistic. Therefore, it is necessary to pay attention to the practice of teaching reform. Firstly, this paper makes a brief introduction of the necessity of martial arts curriculum in higher vocational sports specialty, and then analyzes the present situation of teaching of martial arts curriculum, and describes the reform idea of martial arts teaching with the example of Tai Chi, hoping to provide some valuable information for the higher vocational sports development in China.

  12. Surgical trainees and trauma emergencies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wybaillie, E; Broos, P L O

    2010-01-01

    An accident and emergency (A&E) training has been suggested as an essential part of the basic surgical training. The A&E curriculum should be divided into three sections: a critical curriculum, a core curriculum and a comprehensive curriculum. For instance, the critical curriculum contains topics that provide the opportunity to translate the ABCDE principles of trauma management into practice. Furthermore, a post in the A&E department provides the surgical trainee with significant exposure to the management of the polytrauma patient and to the management of other acute general surgical, urological and orthopaedic conditions. By presenting better educational programs and by reducing the non-medical tasks a trainee has to deal with, the education of surgical trainees during A&E attachment can be improved.

  13. Pharmacological Curriculum Reform of Vocational Clinical Major Based on the Working Process%基于工作过程的高职临床医学专业药理课程改革

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    楚丽雅; 田维忠; 邵红英; 莫莉

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the pharmacology curriculum reform effect of vocational clinical major based on the work process and improve the quality of teaching. Methods:To conduct comparison study of two classes with the same teacher. To use traditional teaching methods in control classes; conduct work process-based curriculum reform in experimental class, and design course content in accordance with the patient's diagnosis and treatment process and the drug process, and build five learning contexts, 13 learning units, 56 project tasks, and integrate the teaching content of each unit with a comprehensive training project. After class to investigate the students in experimental class and the teachers about clinical training and internship with education and compare the summative assessment results of two classes. Results:The theoretical results and training assessment scores of experimental class is significantly higher than the control class (P<0.01);98.00%of the students in experimental class think that their self-learning ability is improved, 100%of the teachers think that they create a student-centered learning atmosphere. Conclusion: The pharmacology curriculum reform of vocational clinical major based on the working process adapts to the requirements of higher vocational education reform, and it pays more attention to high-end skilled expertise, and can improve the comprehensive professional abilities of the students.%  目的:探讨基于工作过程的高职临床医学专业药理课程改革效果,提高教学质量。方法:选择同一教师授课的两个班级进行对照研究。对照班采用传统授课方式;实验班实施基于工作过程的课程改革,按照病人的诊疗流程和用药过程设计课程内容,构建5个学习情境、13个学习单元、56个项目任务,每个单元用一个综合实训项目将教学内容串联在一起。授课后用自制调查问卷对实验班学生、临床见习和实习带教教

  14. Private Universities in Kenya Seek Alternative Ways to Manage Change in Teacher Education Curriculum in Compliance with the Commission for University Education Reforms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amimo, Catherine Adhiambo

    2016-01-01

    This study investigated management of change in teacher education curriculum in Private universities in Kenya. The study employed a concurrent mixed methods design that is based on the use of both quantitative and qualitative approaches. A multi-stage sampling process which included purposive, convenience, cluster, and snowball sampling methods…

  15. Using Reform-Based Criteria to Support the Development of Preservice Elementary Teachers' Pedagogical Design Capacity for Analyzing Science Curriculum Materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beyer, Carrie J.

    2009-01-01

    Effective science teachers use curriculum materials as a guide in their planning, critiquing and adapting them to promote inquiry-oriented, standards-based teaching and address specific contextual needs. Unfortunately, many preservice teachers encounter difficulties with these design tasks, making changes that are inconsistent with science…

  16. The Value,Defect and Improvement of the Mainstream Mass Media in the Progress of the New Curriculum Reform%主流大众传媒在新课改推进中之价值、不足及改进

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹慧明

    2015-01-01

    基础教育课程改革的舆论宣传及公众的心态导引需要主流大众传媒的积极介入,然而,新课改推进中的舆论造势却存在诸多不足:推进策略存在“单军作战”的方法论失误;专业引领忽视了对社会各界的导引;舆论宣传很少在主流大众传媒中反映。新课改的有效推进必须重视专业和大众传媒的共导共引,为此,应确立“课程改革即社会改革”的观念及“系统”、“协同”的改革方法论,发挥主流大众传媒的作用,重视以新课改为题材的节目制作。%s:Promoting the curriculum reform and guiding the public attitude need the mainstream mass media to get actively involved in. However,the publicity of the new curriculum reform was inaccuracy:the promoting strategies appear methodological mistake to fight alone,the professional leading neglects the guidance for all parts of social,and the reform propaganda rarely reflected in mainstream mass media. Effectively promoting the new curriculum reform must attach impor-tance to the propagating and guiding by the professional media and the mainstream mass media together. Therefore, we should establish the idea of ‘the curriculum reform is the social reform’, and the reform methodology of‘system’ and‘cooperation’. What’s more,we also should pay attention to the mainstream mass media,strengthen the program produc-tion as the theme of the new curriculum reform.

  17. 高师体育教育专业课程体系中教育类课程 改革的思考%Consideration about educational curriculum reforms in PE specialized educational curriculum system of teachers'colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾吉

    2000-01-01

    The knowledge structure of curriculum of PE education teachers'colleges in China is not quite rational,that is the specilization of the whole curriculum structure is too strong,compared it with the foreign one,the phenomena of too few curriculum kinds,too little teaching time and outmoded teaching contents is exsiting,paying more attentione to specialized knowledge,looking down upon educational theories and practising teachers'skill make teachers short of the characteristics of normal education,and can't meet the need of specialized practice for future teachers.Thus strengthening the research and practice of educational curriculum during the curriculum system has a greatly theorical and practical significance to improve the quality and characteristics of bringing up PE specialized talents.%我国高师体育教育专业课程的知识结构不尽合理,表现为整个课程结构的专业性太强,教育类课程与国外同类专业相比,存在课程门类少,教学时数偏低,且教学内容陈旧等现象,教学过程中重视学科专业知识,轻视教育理论和教师技能的训练,使得师范教育缺少师范特点,远不能适应未来教师专业训练的需要。因此,加强对课程体系中教育类课程的研究和实践,对于提高体育教育专业人才培养的质量和特色,具有理论和实践意义。

  18. Freedom and Bondage: Teachers' Attachment to Academic Subjects in the Curriculum Reform%自由与束缚:课程改革中教师的学科依附

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王夫艳; 卢乃桂

    2012-01-01

    One of the institutional interests of curriculum reform is to empower teachers and provide more room for teachers to exert their professional autonomy. However, the tension between professional empowerment and bureaucratic control increases the feelings of insecurity among teachers. Academic subject is teachers' familiar comfort zone. Confronted with the risk and uncertainty during the reform, teachers usually resort to academic subject for protection and attach themselves to habitual academic subject teaching so as to pursue work meaning. As a result, teachers construct their subject identity through narrative in professional life. It implies that educational reform should pay attention to the subjective meaning that teachers confer on reform and teachers' professional life and consider the academic subject as an important level of policy implementation. Teacher education needs to broaden teachers' knowledge horizon and develop their consciousness and ability in self-empowerment.%课程改革赋权予教师的制度旨趣拓展了教师专业自主的空间,但专业赋权与政治控制的张力相持增加了教师的不安全感。学科是教师所熟悉的“舒适地带”,面对改革中的风险和不确定,教师往往诉诸学科的庇护,归依惯常的学科教学,并在其中积极找寻工作的意义,在专业生活的叙事中不断建构学科依附的自我认同模式。这就提示教育改革需关注教师赋予改革的主观意义和教师的专业生存样态,视学科为重要的政策实施层面,教师教育要注重拓宽教师的视野,培养教师的自我赋权意识和能力。

  19. Leadership Curriculum Reform Programs of Teaching%领导学课程教学模式改革的方案研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王微

    2012-01-01

      In the university administration professional,leadership courses as a professional basis theory,from the teaching situation ,it's mainly focuses on the students' theoretical teaching and ignores the students' practice ability of leadership training. Leadership courses teaching mode reform,we should first clarify the idea of ?? teaching reform, on this basis, to develop specific leadership course teaching mode reform and from two aspects, that is the theoretical study and practice to improve their leadership ability of practice, which needs good cooperation between the teachers and students, and also needs the strong support from the universities to the leadership of this course teaching mode reform.%  领导学课程作为高校行政管理专业的一门专业基础理论课,从其课程教学情况来看还主要偏重于对学生的理论教学,忽视了对学生领导活动实践能力方面的培养。进行领导学课程教学模式改革,首先应理清该课程教学模式改革的思路,在此基础上,展开具体的领导学课程教学模式改革方案,从理论学习和实践环节两方面来提高学生的领导实践能力,这其中既需要师生间进行良好的配合,也需要高校对领导学这门课程的教学模式改革给予大力支持。

  20. Educational Reform and the English Schools of Quebec.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freeland, Elaine

    1999-01-01

    Traces the context in which the minority English-language community in Quebec is coming together to take ownership of the reforms in its schools. Provides a glimpse of the English-speaking community and focuses on the Linguistic Boards, school governance, and curriculum reform. Discusses the context and model of implementation for reforms in…

  1. Constructivism and Pedagogical Reform in China: Issues and Challenges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tan, Charlene

    2017-01-01

    This article critically discusses the constructivist ideas, assumptions and practices that undergird the current pedagogical reform in China. The pedagogical reform is part of a comprehensive curriculum reform that has been introduced across schools in Mainland China. Although the official documents did not specify the underpinning theories for…

  2. CT two-dimensional reformation versus three-dimensional volume rendering with regard to surgical findings in the preoperative assessment of the ossicular chain in chronic suppurative otitis media

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guo, Yong, E-mail: guoyong27@hotmail.com [Department of Radiology, Navy General Hospital, 6# Fucheng Road, Beijing 100048 (China); Liu, Yang, E-mail: liuyangdoc@sina.com [Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Navy General Hospital, 6# Fucheng Road, Beijing 100048 (China); Lu, Qiao-hui, E-mail: Luqiaohui465@126.com [Department of Radiology, Navy General Hospital, 6# Fucheng Road, Beijing 100048 (China); Zheng, Kui-hong, E-mail: zhengkuihong1971@sina.com [Department of Radiology, Navy General Hospital, 6# Fucheng Road, Beijing 100048 (China); Shi, Li-jing, E-mail: Shilijing2003@yahoo.com.cn [Department of Radiology, Navy General Hospital, 6# Fucheng Road, Beijing 100048 (China); Wang, Qing-jun, E-mail: wangqingjun77@163.com [Department of Radiology, Navy General Hospital, 6# Fucheng Road, Beijing 100048 (China)

    2013-09-15

    Purpose: To assess the role of three-dimensional volume rendering (3DVR) in the preoperative assessment of the ossicular chain in chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM). Materials and methods: Sixty-six patients with CSOM were included in this prospective study. Temporal bone was scanned with a 128-channel multidetector row CT and the axial data was transferred to the workstation for multiplanar reformation (MPR) and 3DVR reconstructions. Evaluation of the ossicular chain according to a three-point scoring system on two-dimensional reformation (2D) and 3DVR was performed independently by two radiologists. The evaluation results were compared with surgical findings. Results: 2D showed over 89% accuracy in the assessment of segmental absence of the ossicular chain in CSOM, no matter how small the segmental size was. 3DVR was as accurate as 2D for the assessment of segmental absence. However, 3DVR was found to be more accurate than 2D in the evaluation of partial erosion of segments. Conclusion: Both 3DVR and 2D are accurate and reliable for the assessment of the ossicular chain in CSOM. The inclusion of 3DVR images in the imaging protocol improves the accuracy of 2D in detecting ossicular erosion from CSOM.

  3. 基于微课程的成人教育教学改革研究%Researchon the Teaching Reform of Adult Education Based on the Micro Curriculum

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦玉霞

    2016-01-01

    Problems teaching of adult education in China is faced with the tutorial no conditions to carry out, curriculum re-sources of old, inflexible teaching form and so on, micro course with characteristics of the short and pithy, vivid and interesting, suitable for mobile learning adaptation of adult learning needs. This study discusses the practical significance of the introduc-tion of the micro curriculum in adult education, and puts forward the methods and ideas for the design, development and ap-plication of the micro curriculum of adult education.%我国成人教育教学面临面授辅导无条件开展、课程资源陈旧、教学形式呆板等问题,微课程以其短小精悍、生动有趣、适合移动学习的特点适应成人学习的需要。探讨了成人教育引入微课程的现实意义,提出了成人教育微课程设计、开发及应用的方法与思路。

  4. Effects of resident duty hour reform on surgical and procedural patient safety indicators among hospitalized Veterans Health Administration and Medicare patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosen, Amy K; Loveland, Susan A; Romano, Patrick S; Itani, Kamal M F; Silber, Jeffrey H; Even-Shoshan, Orit O; Halenar, Michael J; Teng, Yun; Zhu, Jingsan; Volpp, Kevin G

    2009-07-01

    Improving patient safety was a strong motivation behind duty hour regulations implemented by Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education on July 1, 2003. We investigated whether rates of patient safety indicators (PSIs) changed after these reforms. Observational study of patients admitted to Veterans Health Administration (VA) (N = 826,047) and Medicare (N = 13,367,273) acute-care hospitals from July 1, 2000 to June 30, 2005. We examined changes in patient safety events in more versus less teaching-intensive hospitals before (2000-2003) and after (2003-2005) duty hour reform, using conditional logistic regression, adjusting for patient age, gender, comorbidities, secular trends, baseline severity, and hospital site. Ten PSIs were aggregated into 3 composite measures based on factor analyses: "Continuity of Care," "Technical Care," and "Other" composites. Continuity of Care composite rates showed no significant changes postreform in hospitals of different teaching intensity in either VA or Medicare. In the VA, there were no significant changes postreform for the technical care composite. In Medicare, the odds of a Technical Care PSI event in more versus less teaching-intensive hospitals in postreform year 1 were 1.12 (95% CI; 1.01-1.25); there were no significant relative changes in postreform year 2. Other composite rates increased in VA in postreform year 2 in more versus less teaching-intensive hospitals (odds ratio, 1.63; 95% CI; 1.10-2.41), but not in Medicare in either postreform year. Duty hour reform had no systematic impact on PSI rates. In the few cases where there were statistically significant increases in the relative odds of developing a PSI, the magnitude of the absolute increases were too small to be clinically meaningful.

  5. Educational Development and Reformation in Malaysia: Past, Present, and Future.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmad, Rahimah Haji

    1998-01-01

    Discusses educational development in Malaysia, focusing on curriculum changes, issues, and future perspectives. Discusses the development of values education, its importance in the curriculum, and the government's efforts to mold a united nation with Malaysian values. Current reforms target tertiary education. The school curriculum has not been…

  6. On Vocational College Aerobics Curriculum Reform to Promote Fitness Industry Socialization%论高职健美操课程改革推进健身产业社会化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赖丽新

    2015-01-01

    Accordingly according to the characteristics of curriculum reform in Vocational Colleges Aerobics in higher vocational education, and dynamic course reform according to the development of fitness industry, promote the fitness industry socialization. Provide training base, higher vocational colleges as the fitness industry teacher training, provide the latest scientific research achievements in aspects of the iftness industry; iftness industry can provide part-time employment opportunities for students and reduce the iftness industry labor costs, save costs; the government should strengthen the regulation of iftness industry management market, is conducive to the development of fitness industry development management methods, management methods and other rules and regulations, improve the relevant laws and regulations, set the iftness industry access threshold, the scale formation system.%高职健美操根据职业院校的特色进行相应的课程改革,并根据健身产业的发展进行动态的课程改革,推进健身产业的社会化.高职院校为健身产业提供实训基地、师资培养,为健身产业提供科研方面的最新成果;健身产业可为学生提供业余就业机会,同时降低健身产业的用工成本,节约开支;政府应该加强规范健身产业经营管理市场,制定有利于健身产业发展的经营管理办法、人员管理办法等规章制度,完善相关法律法规,设置健身产业准入门槛,形成体系规模.

  7. Business Website Design and Production Curriculum Reform Based on the Real Enterprise Projects%基于真实企业项目的商务网站设计与制作课程改革

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    滕岩; 王鑫; 林冰

    2014-01-01

    In our school e-commerce professional conduct"Teaching MBE-CDIO's"background, focus on reform ideas"Business Website Design and Production"course, content design, organization and implementation process. Courses posi-tioned"MBE-CDIO Course System"and clearly technology, capacity, quality and other teaching objectives, the project will introduce the real business of teaching students in the form of participation in the project team throughout the project devel-opment and the use of the process of assessment methods showcase the enterprise views as an important assessment criteria into the evaluation system. Two pilot curriculum reform, teaching effectiveness previews.%在我校电子商务专业进行“MBE-CDIO的教学改革”的大背景下,重点介绍商务网站设计与制作课程的改革思路、内容设计、组织和实施过程。课程在“MBE-CDIO课程体系”中定位并明确技术、能力、素质等教学目标,将真实企业项目引入教学,学生以项目组形式参与项目开发全程,并采用展示型过程化考核方式,将企业意见作为重要考核标准纳入考核体系。课程改革试行两届,教学成效初显。

  8. First Exploration on Curriculum Reform of Informatization Teaching Process of Health Jurisprudence%《卫生法学》课程信息化教学过程改革初探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李艳霞

    2013-01-01

    There are many defects in traditional teaching process of Health Jurisprudence, and information-ization is the inevitable result of reforming traditional health law study with the social development. Curriculum reform of informatization teaching process of Health Jurisprudence should embody the following aspects: making teaching preparations by course preparation, configuration and training of teachers, students entrance education, etc.; organizing and implementing teaching by students' autonomous learning, teachers' guidance to students' learning, simulative court teaching, intensive practice teaching, etc.;and evaluating by teaching assessment and e-valuation in the end.%传统《卫生法学》课程教学过程存在诸多缺陷,信息化是卫生改革顺应时代发展对传统卫生法律研究进行变革的必然结果,《卫生法学》课程信息化教学过程改革应从课程授课准备、教师的配置与培训、学生入学教育等方面予以教学准备,从学生自主学习和教师、学生的导学、助学以及模拟法庭教学、集中实践教学等方面组织教学实施,最后以教学考核与评价予以考量。

  9. A Review, Reflection and Prospect of the New Curriculum Reform of Primary Chinese in the Past Ten Years%小学语文新课程改革十年回顾、反思与展望

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范锦飘

    2012-01-01

    This paper has reviewed the new curriculum reform of primary Chinese, which can be roughly divided into two phases: the concept-popularized phase and rational return phase. The achievements made in such reform have been strikingly noticeable in the past ten years. Nevertheless, there still exist some problems which deserve our reflections. These problems include those of coordination between educational conception and teaching practice, what to be taught and lack of creativity. The future development of primary Chinese will inevitably be students-oriented, children-oriented and elegance-oriented, and will have to pay more attention to the students' growth.%回顾十年来小学语文新课程改革,大致可以分成两个阶段,第一阶段是全民讲“新课程、新理念”的阶段,第二阶段是理性回归的阶段。十年来,小学语文新课程改革所取得的成绩有目共睹,但是仍然有不少问题与困难值得我们反思,主要是教学理念与教学实践协调融合的问题、语文课教什么的问题和创造力缺失的问题。展望小学语文今后发展的方向,必将往生本语文、儿童语文、书香语文的方向发展,更加注重学生个人生命成长。

  10. 提高基础音乐教育课程改革质量的六项举措%Six Measures for Promoting the In-depth Curriculum Reform of Basic Music Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许洪帅

    2012-01-01

    In order to promote the healthy development of basic music curriculum reform, we are supposed to meet the following six requirements. (1) optimizing the quality management system through structural adjustment of development; (2) ensuring enough class hours of music to meet the demand of provincial curriculum; (3) optimizing the allocation of music teachers through dynamic management; (4) meeting the requirements for music teaching material through teaching material system construction; (5) sticking to teaching methods innovation to ensure the healthy development of students' ability; (6) adhering to the innovation of teaching research mechanism to ensure the full use of the intellectual resources to promote the music education equity which benefits the public at large.%为了深入推进基础音乐教育课程改革健康发展,需要我们切实把握六个方面的要求:坚持质量发展结构性调整,确保质量管理体制机制优化;坚持省域课程教学达标,确保音乐课开齐开足;坚持音乐教师动态管理,确保音乐师资优化配置;坚持课程教材制度建设,确保满足音乐教材需求;坚持教学方式改革创新,确保学生能力健康发展;坚持教研科研机制创新,确保智力资源有效利用,全力促进我国学校艺术教育实现公平,惠及民生。

  11. 酿造酒工艺学课程的教学改革与实践%Teaching Reform and Practice of Brewing Wine Technology Curriculum

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张崇军

    2011-01-01

    根据高职教育的特点及其发展需要,结合该课程的特点和食品生物技术专业培养目标的要求,从优化整合教学内容、改革教学方法等方面进行了探讨.并期望该文对高职院校食品生物技术专业进一步搞好酿造酒工艺学教学,提高教学质量具有一定指导意义.%According to the characteristics and development needs of higher vocational education, combined with the characteristics of the course and the training goal of food biological technology specialty, the paper discussed the teaching reform of brewing wine technology from optimizing and integrating the teaching content, reforming the teaching methods, hoping to provide reference for advancing brewing wine technology teaching and improving teaching quality.

  12. Perspective of University Physical Education Curriculum Reform Based on the Coupling of Research on the Effects of Promoting Students Physical Health%基于耦合视角下大学体育课程改革对学生体质健康促进影响的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许文鑫; 王菲

    2016-01-01

    In order to better play university Physical Education Curriculum Reform in students ' physical health promotion, by using the method of literature research, mathematical statistics and logical analysis, the author con-sidered the motivated relationship between university Physical Education Curriculum Reform and students' physical health as the research object, analysis the opposite effects on physical health promotion of old and new curriculum system of Fujian Normal university, summed the close ties between Physical Education Curriculum Reform project and college students' physical health, furthermore, to promote innovation and development of university physical education curriculum, to promote the orderly coupling and coordinated development between them, and provide the reference for the promotion of students' physical health.%为了更好发挥大学体育课程改革对大学生体质健康促进的作用,采用文献调研、数理统计以及逻辑分析等方法,以大学体育课程改革与学生体质健康促进的关系为研究对象,分析福建师范大学新旧课改对学生体质健康促进的积极和消极影响,总结出大学体育课程改革项目与学生体质健康状况的紧密联系,从而进一步推进大学体育课程的创新与发展,促进两者间的有序耦合与协调发展,为促进学生体质健康提供参考意见。

  13. Teachers' Role in Curriculum Design in Portuguese Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mouraz, Ana; Leite, Carlinda; Fernandes, Preciosa

    2013-01-01

    Teachers' role in curriculum design is a broad question that inspires political educational reforms among European countries, a trend that even extends to higher education politics. The perspective on teachers' role in curriculum, both at the level of the policies and of the practices, shapes recent educational reforms in Portugal. These…

  14. Teachers' Role in Curriculum Design in Portuguese Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mouraz, Ana; Leite, Carlinda; Fernandes, Preciosa

    2013-01-01

    Teachers' role in curriculum design is a broad question that inspires political educational reforms among European countries, a trend that even extends to higher education politics. The perspective on teachers' role in curriculum, both at the level of the policies and of the practices, shapes recent educational reforms in Portugal. These are the…

  15. The Exploration on Chemo-metrics Curriculum Construction and Teaching Reform of Undergraduates%本科化学计量学课程建设与教学改革的探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    倪力军; 张立国; 陈露

    2011-01-01

    This paper introduces our thinking and exploration on chemo-metrics curriculum construction and teaching reform for undergraduates. During the process of compiling the text book and teaching, we have used a large number of examples to demonstrate the process of transforming chemistry problems into mathematic problems. Relying on our research results on chemo-metrics theory and application, we closely combine the basic knowledge and theory of chemo-metrics with various practical issues to reform teaching materials, writing ideas and teaching mode. By means of assigning class quizzes, exercises, counter-examples, after class assignments and guiding students' curricular innovation and experimental activities and so on, we have successfully realized heuristic teaching and teacher-student interaction both inside and outside the classroom. The teaching reform and practices are popular with students, and also receive good teaching results.%本文介绍了我们在本科化学计量学课程建设和教学改革方面的思考和探索。我们在教材的编写及授课中采用大量实例,演示将化学问题转化为数学问题的过程,并依托所在课题组在化学计量学理论和应用方面的研究成果,将化学计量学基本知识、理论与各类实际问题紧密结合,改革教材内容、编写思路和授课模式,通过课堂思考题、练习题、反例、课下作业和指导大学生课外创新实验活动等方式,实现启发式教学,在课堂内外实现师生互动。上述教学改革和实践措施深受学生欢迎,收到了良好的教学效果。

  16. On the Curriculum Reform of Higher Vocational Accounting Computerization Major%高职会计电算化专业课程改革探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    古华

    2012-01-01

    As the continual development of economy, enterprises economic business has been constantly changed, which inevitably puts forward higher requirement for financial staff of enterprises and has profound influence on talents' training of higher vocational accounting. Therefore, the teaching content selection of the curriculum in higher vocational accounting computerization major should break traditional discipline system. According to the principle of post adaptation, industry carrier, check first and both management, it makes choice to strengthen the pertinence and adaptability of curriculum teaching for laying the good foundation for students' sustainable development.%随着经济的不断发展,企业经济业务也在不断发生变化,这必将对企业的财务人员提出更高的要求,也对高职会计人才培养产生很大的影响。因此,高职会计电算化专业课程的教学内容选取要打破传统的学科体系,根据“岗位适应、行业载体、核算为主和兼顾管理”的原则进行取舍,以增强课程教学的针对性和适应性.并为学生的可持续发展奠定良好的基础。

  17. 3D CAD Technology Curriculum Design and Reform%3D CAD技术的课程设计教改探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨艳

    2011-01-01

    As engineering design and product development tools of 3D CAD technology is bound to spread.The development of 3D CAD technology, university teaching also poses a severe challenge,3D CAD technology, curriculum design is an important part of teaching,should be fully integrated with the traditional two-dimensional engineering drawings and CAD,three-dimensional CAD teaching,to carry out 3D CAD technology, curriculum design the use of computer technology to enhance teaching three-dimensional product modeling capabilities.%作为工程设计和产品开发工具的3D CAD技术必将普及。3DCAD技术的发展对高校教学也提出了严峻的挑战,3DCAD技术的课程设计教学是一个重要环节,应充分结合传统工程制图与二维CAD、三维CAD的教学,开展3D CAD技术的课程设计教学以提高运用计算机技术建立三维产品模型的能力。

  18. 新课改下初中语文教学中的情感教育%Emotional Education in Junior Chinese Teaching in New Curriculum Reform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙新安

    2012-01-01

    Emotional education as an important part of the junior high school language teaching both the basic requirements of the new curriculum,but also the inevitable trend of development of language teaching.Emotional education fully embodies the meaning of quality education should be our full attention and concern.In this paper,emotional education in junior high school language teaching in the new curriculum,from the emotional import,scene three aspects of the creation of culture and practice,given the emotional education of junior high school language teaching ideas.%情感教育作为初中语文教学中的重要环节,既是新课改提出的基本要求,更是语文教学发展的必然趋势。情感教育充分体现了素质教育的内涵,应该受到我们的充分关注和重视。本文研究新课改下初中语文教学中情感教育的方法,从情感导入、情景创设和实践培养三个方面给出初中语文教学情感教育的思路。

  19. 从教师专业知识状况看教师教育课程改革%Examine the Curriculum Reform of Teacher Education from the Perspective of Teacher' Professional Knowledge

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵冬臣; 马云鹏

    2011-01-01

    课程改革的深入推进与发展,越来越凸显教师专业发展的重要性。在教师专业发展过程中,专业知识发展是一个核心要素。测试和调查发现:不同学科专业的师范生在学科知识和学科教学知识方面存在差距;师范生与在职教师在课程知识方面存在差异;不同类型院校的师范生的专业知识水平存在差异;教育见习和实习的价值被一致认同。这些发现给我们的启示是,教师教育课程不仅要关注专业课程设置与要求,还应关注学科专业之间的差异,密切联系基础教育实际,进一步加强教育见习和实习。%With the in-depth implementation of curriculum reform in basic education, the importance of teacher's professional development is gradually highlighted. The professional knowledge is the essential element of teacher's professional development. The results of test and investigation show that there are gaps in both subject content knowledge and pedagogical content knowledge between the pre-service teachers who major in different disciplines; the gap also exists in curriculum knowledge between the in-service teachers and the pre-service teachers; the pre-service teachers from different types of teacher education institutions show different performance in their professional knowledge; and the practicum and observation in school site received high comments in their usefulness in facilitating teacher's development of professional knowledge. Thus, teacher education programs should not only focus on the general curriculum structure and its requirements, but also consider the differences between the programs that cultivate teachers for different disciplines, teacher education should make close contact with basic education, and further strengthen the pre-serviee teacher's practicum and observation in school site.

  20. 商科院校本科会计课程设置改革探讨%Discussion on the Curriculum System Reform of Undergraduate Accounting In Business Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘胜辉

    2011-01-01

    The education of undergraduates accounting in business colleges plays a vital role in accounting personnel training.Along with the socio-economic development,researches about setting of the accounting teaching course and cultivating more application-oriented advanced talents should be topics of discussion.This paper attempts to make a comparison between different undergraduate courses in those different colleges,analyze the existed problems in the current curriculum system,and propose some corresponding reform measures and suggestions.%随着社会经济的发展,商科院校应如何对会计教学课程进行设置,培养更多的应用型高级专门人才是应深入研讨的课题。文章从部分商科院校本科会计课程设置进行比较,分析我国目前商科院校本科会计课程设置存在的问题,并提出一些相应的改革措施及建议。

  1. 新课改视阈下小学数学合作教学刍议%Primary School Maths Cooperative Learning Under the Background of the New Curriculum Reform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙飞

    2014-01-01

    新课改大纲下发后,如何打破应试教育对于小学数学的束缚,是很多小学数学老师都在认真探索的问题。主要针对如何在教学过程中采用合作教学的方法,提升学生的自主学习能力和团结互助能力,进行了分析和探讨。%After the issuance of the new curriculum reform outline,how to break the bondage of exam-oriented education for primary school mathematics,is a lot of elementary school mathematics teacher seriously explore problems. The teacher mainly aims at how to using the cooperative teaching method in the teaching process,improve the students’ ability of autonomous learning ability and solidarity,are analyzed and discussed.

  2. Marginal Tendency for Chinese Reading Teaching in the Light of New Curriculum Reform%新课改下语文阅读教学的边缘化倾向

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘建设

    2011-01-01

    New curriculum standard advocates Chinese education should break subject standard and combine students' real life, while in the current Chinese teaching reform, Chinese education moves towards"liberalism" leaving away textbooks from texthook-oriented "bookishness", and it reflects in classroom teaching, Chinese is mount and hollowing out; in Chinese textbooks, Chinese is covered and obliterated in human subject structure; the tendency of "integration" and "performance" is serious.%新课标主张语文教育要打破学科本位,要与学生的生活实际相结合,但是在当前的语文教学改革中,语文教育却从过去的以课本为本的“本本主义”走向了脱离课本的“自由主义”,表现在课堂教学中,语文被悬置、被空洞化;在语文教材中,语文被遮掩、被湮没在人文话题结构中;“惟综合化”、“惟表演化”的倾向严重。

  3. 关于学前教育专业课程教学改革的理论思考%Theory of Preschool Education Specialized Curriculum Teaching Reform Thinking

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭静

    2014-01-01

    With the current the rising status of preschool education in the whole education system and the social attention to preschool education professional, the preschool education in higher education professional teaching put forward higher requirements.From the theoretical analysis of the theory of the professional courses, professional skills, the education practice course and exam evaluation system for the main ideas of the teaching reform,in order to adapt to the preschool education specialized curriculum teaching demand for high level of teachers.%当前学前教育在整个教育体系中地位的不断提升和社会对学前教育专业的重视,对高等教育学前教育专业的教学提出了更高的要求。从理论层面分析了在专业理论课程、专业技能课程、教育实践课程和考试评价制度方面进行课程教学改革的主要观点,以期适应学前教育专业课程教学对高水平师资的需求。

  4. 20世纪下半叶美国教师教育课程改革探析%Exploring Curriculum Reform of American Teacher Education in the Latter Half of the 20th Century

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王坤

    2015-01-01

    二战后,美国关乎教育的人士在教师教育的问题上,一直在讨论"教什么"、"怎么教"和"为什么教"三个问题,对三个问题回答所体现认知逻辑过程的不同形成了"学科-知识理性"、"专业-实践理性"、"社会-价值理性"三种思想流派,正是在三种思想流派的斗争和融合过程中,20世纪下半叶的美国教师教育课程改革才得以向纵深发展.%Since the second world war, people concerned for teacher education have focused on the answer to the three base questions of teachers: what to teach, how to teach and why to teach. The different processes of Epistemic Logics lead to three schools of thought while answering the three questions. With the struggle and fusion among the three schools of thought, the curriculum reform of teacher education has developed deeply in the latter half of the 20th century.

  5. An Analysis of Classroom Culture of the Effective English Teaching Under the New Curriculum Reform%新课程英语有效教学课堂文化探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余德英

    2012-01-01

    The classroom culture has a profound impact on classroom teaching. In accordance with the New Curriculum Reform, it is essential for us to reconstruct the traditional classroom culture and endeavor to create a new classroom culture for the purpose of the effective English classroom teaching that highlights the six charac- teristics, namely, situation, openness, practice, mutuality, incentive and creativity. In addition, the formation of the classroom culture is an ever-developing and ever-improving process.%课堂文化对课堂教学有着非常深刻的影响,新课程英语有效教学要求改革传统课堂文化,努力构建具有情境性、开放性、实践性、互动性、激励性和创新性品质的课堂文化,并且,形成这种课堂文化需要一个不断发展和完善的过程。

  6. Research on the Curriculum Teaching Reform of Chemical Process Analysis and Synthesis%《化工过程分析与合成》课程教学改革的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄燕

    2014-01-01

    The curriculum teaching reform of Chemical Process Analysis and Synthesis was introduced , the college undergraduate were taught by case teaching , through chemical production with theoretical analysis , the completion of the group operation , setting up discussion class , and using the teaching method of computer aided with application as the center, for the training of engineering talents.%介绍了化工过程分析与合成课程教学改革,通过对高等院校化工类本科生教学采用生产案例结合理论分析的启发式方法,分组完成大作业,开设讨论课,并利用计算机辅助的教学方法,以“应用”为中心的教学思路,对培养工程复合型人才做了探讨。

  7. 基于学生创业潜质培养的“组织行为学”教学设计%The Reform Teaching Design of the "Organizational Behavior" Curriculum Which Cultivate Students' Entrepreneurial Potential

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    俞燕

    2012-01-01

    打破创业教育的现有模式,以课程改革带动创业教育,对大学生创业教育教学模式进行了创新。对"组织行为学"教学进行重新设计,以对学生的创新精神和创业能力培养为主线,对课程教学进行了教育理念创新、培养方案创新、教学模式创新和管理机制创新。%This paper breaks the existing pattern of entrepreneurship education,and entrepreneurship education teaching mode innovation was to be discussinged.The emphasis of the course of "organizational behavior" teaching were redesigned,to the students' spirit of innovation and entrepreneurial ability cultivation as the main line.The "organizational behavior" curriculum reform includes four aspects innovation in educational concepts,teaching contents,teaching models and teaching management.

  8. On the“Urban Sociology”Curriculum Organization and Teaching Reform of Contemporary University%当代大学《城市社会学》课程组织与教学改革探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王大鹏; 高雁鹏

    2013-01-01

    面对当前转型时期发生的社会变革,《城市社会学》教学应就社会发展变革、社会问题根源阐释、社会价值与社会责任重塑发挥不可替代的教育功能。应以相关专业必修课、全校公共选修课程体系重组课程,并在教学目标、教学方法、教学内容和教学手段上加以改革。%Facing the social change in current transition pe-riod, Urban Sociology teaching should play an irreplaceable f-unction of education in the social development change, social problems origin interpretation, social values and social respon-sibility remodeling. Should restructure curriculum based on the relevant professional required courses, public elective course system, and reform the teaching objectives, teaching methods, teaching contents and teaching methods.

  9. 高校旅游管理专业导游业务与技巧课程改革初探%On the Curriculum Reform of Tour Guide Business and Skills Course in the Tourism Management Major of Universities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李辉

    2011-01-01

    Tour Guide Business and Skills is an indispensable course in the tourism management major of universities. From the aspects of teaching objectives, teaching staff, teaching material construction, teaching methods, evaluation standards and teaching system, this paper discusses the curriculum reform of Tour Guide Business and Skills course in Changchun Normal University, holding that the teaching of tourism management major should pay attention to the cultivation of students' professional ability and comprehensive quality, in order to provide qualified talents for tourist industry.%《导游业务与技巧》是高校旅游管理专业不可或缺的专业课程之一。本文从教学目标、师资队伍、教材建设、教学方法、考核标准、教学体系等方面论述了长春师范学院《导游业务与技巧》课程改革情况,认为旅游管理专业的教学应注重学生职业能力和综合素质的培养,为旅游业提供合格导游人才。

  10. High School Biology Teaching Dilemma and Countermeansures Under the New Curriculum Reform%新课改下高中生物实验教学的困境与改进对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张斌

    2014-01-01

    合作学习是个有系统、有结构的教学策略:教师按照学生能力、性别或其他因素,将学生分配到各异质小组中,再经由以分组学习为主的教学活动,使小组成员间彼此协助、相互支持、共同合作,以提高学生的学习成效,并达成团体目标。主要探讨新课改下高中生物实验教学的困境与改进对策。%Cooperative learning is a system and structure teaching strategies:teachers according to students’ ability, gender, or other factors, each student will be assigned to a heterogeneous group, through the grouping learning teaching activities, make the team members help each other, mutual support, mutual cooperation, in order to improve the learning effects of the individual, and to achieve the group goals. This article will mainly discuss the plight of high school biology experiment teaching under the new curriculum reform and improvement measures.

  11. 基于移动学习教学模式的“静态网页设计”课程改革%Static Web Design Curriculum Reform based on Mobile Learning Teaching Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    南楠

    2014-01-01

    开放性、自由化的移动学习教学模式为学生提供了更有效的学习环境。本文就“静态网页设计”这门课中如何引入移动学习,提高学生的自主性学习进行探究,以促进“静态网页设计”课程新的教学模式的生成。%Traditional way of teaching computer science courses have become students of the resistance, the emergence of mobile learning teaching model for undergraduate education work has injected new vitality, curriculum reform is to promote an active exploration. mobile learning model of openness, liberalization provides students with a more effective learning environment. In this paper, static web design this course how to introduce mobile learning to enhance students' independent learning be explored to facilitate static web design course to generate new teaching mode.

  12. 基于E—leaning的体育课程网络化教学改革%Sports Network Curriculum Teaching Reform Based on E- learning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘怀金

    2012-01-01

    E -learning can optimize the educational resource, improve learning efficiency and reduce the cost of learning. For the physical education curriculum teaching, the flexible teaching method can solve the contradiction of learning and training, and facilitate students autonomous learning. Learning process record is convenient, teaching management and curriculum resources are effectively and timely updated. It is not only convenient for teaching management, but also creates the conditions for distance education. E - learning network across the cam- pus space constraints, and provide learners with a new learning environment, shorten the distance between schools and learners, and make school education to the wider region of radiation. With the help of E - leaning sports cour- ses and network curriculum integration, the developing distance education contributes to the existing sports courses and network course in sustainable development, and is favor of physical education resources sharing. It is the important way of future school physical education and lifelong physical education.%E—leaning可以优化教育资源、提高学习效率、降低学习成本,对于体育课程教学而言,其灵活便捷的教学方式能够解决“学训矛盾”,方便学生自主学习。学习过程记录方便、教学管理和课程资源及时有效的更新,既方便了教学管理,也为体育远程教育创造了条件。E—leaning借助网络跨越了校园空间的限制,给学习者提供了一个全新的学习环境,促使了学校与学习者之间距离的缩短,让学校教育向更广泛的地区辐射。借助E—leaning进行体育精品课程和网络课程整合,开展体育远程教育有助于现有体育精品课程和网络课程的可持续发展,有利于体育教育资源共享,是未来学校体育教育和终身体育教育的重要途径。

  13. Changing the curriculum and the role of the teacher and the students in the classroom-an analysis of the process of reforming a course in oral microbiology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Netterstrøm, I; Fiehn, N E; Larsen, T

    2011-01-01

    In 2005, a new curriculum was introduced at the School of Dentistry at the University of Copenhagen. Amongst many changes, the pedagogical concept behind theoretical teaching was changed. The main emphasis was previously on lectures and teacher controlled teaching, but the emphasis has now shifted...... and teachers, an evaluation is made regarding how the changes were implemented and developed. Despite the fact that the students themselves wanted to abandon the lecture-based teaching style, there was great dissatisfaction with the new dialogue-based teaching style as the students did not think...... that it was possible for them to take responsibility for their learning. They would much rather listen to teachers who know the material. Initially, the teachers were very surprised by the negative attitude of the students and had to change the teaching style to more traditional teaching in groups whilst still...

  14. 浅谈高师音乐教学法课程改革%Discussion on curriculum reform of music teaching method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋晓娟

    2012-01-01

      高师音乐教育一定要突出师范性,音乐教学法课程的开设是突出师范性的象征。因此音乐教学法课堂教学,应提供给学生一个运用专业技能、发展综合艺术能力、增强创新意识、挖掘个人潜能的实践操作空间和整合发展的机会。是帮助学生分析“教”与“学”及培养学生从“学生”到“教师”转变的一门关键性学科,使学生在走上岗位之前得到充分的培训。今天,我们从高师音乐教学法课程定位准确性、课程设置和合理性、任课教师专业性、教学模式创新性等问题进行探讨。%  The music education must highlight the characteristics of teacher education, music teaching method curriculum is students' symbol. The music teaching method in classroom teaching, should provide students with a professional skills, development of integrated art ability, enhance innovative consciousness, mine potential of the practice space and integrated development opportunity. Is a key discipline to help the students of " teaching" and"learning " and cultivation of students from the "student" to " teacher ", so that students get fully training in a embarked on jobs. Today, we from the college music teaching method course curriculum and positioning accuracy, rationality, teachers professional teaching model innovation to discuss.

  15. A survey about curriculum reform on the eight-year program at Peking Union Medical College%北京协和医学院八年制医学专业课程改革的调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张勤; 李立明

    2015-01-01

    目的:通过对我国最早开设八年制医学教育的北京协和医学院教师的问卷调查,为我国八年制医学专业课程改革提供依据。方法采用问卷调查法,通过专家咨询法确定问卷设计,在北京协和医学院从事八年制医学教育的教师中抽取100人调查,问卷回收率72%。结果62.5%的被调查者认为理想的基础医学课程结构应该是多学科整合和以器官—系统为基础或以疾病为基础;超过50%的教师认为八年制医学专业课程中需要加强的内容包括全学程临床经历、循证医学、沟通交流、心理学、社会服务、伦理学、公共卫生;受调查者认为应该增加激发学生主动学习的教学方法,并且认为实施主动学习方法没有障碍。结论在未来北京协和医学院八年制临床医学专业的课程改革中,应结合调查结果在课程组织方式、教育教学方法选择、教学内容等方面做出改革,并且加强师资队伍培训。%Objectives To carry out a questionnaire survey on eight-year program teachers at Peking Union Medical College which is the first medical institution to set up eight-year program in China, and to provide a basis for eight-year program curriculum reform. Methods Used a questionnaire survey designed and determined through the expert consultation, sampled 100 teachers who teach the eight-year students at Peking Union Medical College, and the response rate was 72%. Results 62.5%of respondents believed that the ideal structure for basic medical courses should be multi-disciplinary integration based on organ system or disease;more than 50%of respondents thought that some subjects such as clinical experience throughout the whole education period, evidence-based medicine, communication, psychology, social service, ethics and public health should be strengthened;the respondents suggested to increase the teaching method which could stimulate students to learn actively, and

  16. Recurrent back and leg pain and cyst reformation after surgical resection of spinal synovial cysts: systematic review of reported postoperative outcomes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bydon, Ali; Xu, Risheng; Parker, Scott L; McGirt, Matthew J; Bydon, Mohamad; Gokaslan, Ziya L; Witham, Timothy F

    2010-09-01

    With improvements in neurological imaging, there are increasing reports of symptomatic spinal synovial cysts. Surgical excision has been recognized as the definitive treatment for symptomatic juxtafacet cysts. However, the role for concomitant fusion and the incidence of recurrent back pain and recurrent cyst formation after surgery remain unclear. To determine the cumulative incidence of postoperative symptomatic relief, recurrent back and leg pain after cyst resection and decompression, and synovial cyst recurrence. Systematic review of the literature. All published studies to date reporting outcomes of synovial cyst excision with and without spinal fusion. Cyst recurrence and Kawabata, Macnab, Prolo, or Stauffer pain scales. We performed a systematic literature review of all articles published between 1970 and 2009 reporting outcomes after surgical management of spinal synovial cysts. Eighty-two published studies encompassing 966 patients were identified and reviewed. Six hundred seventy-two (69.6%) patients presented with radicular pain and 467 (48.3%) with back pain. The most commonly involved spinal level was L4-L5 (75.4%), with only 25 (2.6%) and 12 (1.2%) reported synovial cysts in the cervical or thoracic area, respectively. Eight hundred eleven (84.0%) patients were treated with decompressive surgical excision alone, whereas 155 (16.0%) received additional concomitant spinal fusion. Six hundred fifty-four (92.5%) and 880 (91.1%) patients experienced complete resolution of their back or leg pain after surgery, respectively. By a mean follow-up of 25.4 months, back and leg pain recurred in 155 (21.9%) and 123 (12.7%) patients, respectively. Sixty (6.2%) patients required reoperation, of which the majority (n=47) required fusion for correction of spinal instability and mechanical back pain. Same-level synovial cyst recurrence occurred in 17 (1.8%) patients after decompression alone but has been reported in no (0%) patients after decompression and fusion

  17. 独立学院《普通化学》课程改革%Curriculum Reform of General Chemistry in Independent College

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖淑娟; 于守武

    2015-01-01

    《普通化学》课程是整个化学学科的导言,是化学和工程技术之间的桥梁,是高等工科院校非化工化学类专业学生的一门基础课,主要包括化学热力学、动力学以及物质的微观结构等内容。从独立学院学生的自身特点出发,对《普通化学》课程从教学内容、教学方法和手段等方面进行了探索和研究,提出了相应的改革方案和具体措施。%"general chemistry"is an introduction of chemistry ,a bridge between chemistry and engineering technology in higher engineering college ,and a basic course of non‐chemistry and non‐chemical industry majors .It includes chemical thermodynamics ,kinetics and micro‐structure of materials .The teaching con‐tents ,teaching methods and means are summarized and the corresponding reform plans and measures are put forward ,which depends on characteristics of students in independent college .

  18. 新课改背景下高师思政专业经济学教学策略研究——以高一《经济生活》教学模块为视角%The Strategy Research on Economics Teaching Based on the New Curriculum Reform for the Ideology and Politics at Normal Universities——From the Perspective of Teaching Module of The Economic Life for the Grade One of High Schools

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邱爽

    2011-01-01

    新一轮基础教育课程改革是涉及课程目标、课程结构、课程内容、课程管理、课程评价等多方面、全方位的改革,对广大教师的素质提出了更高的要求。师范教育是基础教育的工作母机。高师院校如何应对这场变革,培养出适应新课改需要的中学教师,是非常现实而又紧迫的问题。本文以高中政治《经济生活》教学模块为视角,对新课改背景下的高师思政专业经济学教育教学策略进行探讨。%The new reform of basic education curriculum is related to the course objective,course structure,course content,course management and course evaluation.Under the background of the new curriculum reform,more higher requirements for teachers quality are raised.Teacheres education is the "machine tools" of foundation education.It is a very real and urgent problem how to respond to this change of new basic education curriculum reform and cultivate more qualified middle school teacheres adapting to the new basic education curriculum reform for teachers colleges.From the angle of teaching module of The Economic Life,this paper discusses the strategy about economics education and teaching for the studentes majoring in the ideological and political education under the background of the new curriculum reform.

  19. Medical education reform in wuhan university, china: a preliminary report of an international collaboration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sherer, Renslow; Dong, Hongmei; Yunfeng, Zhou; Stern, Scott; Jiong, Yang; Matlin, Karl; Baoping, Yu; Husain, Aliya N; Morgan, Ivy; Cooper, Brian; Juan, Feng; Mehta, Sujata

    2013-01-01

    In 2008 Wuhan University Medical School in China proposed to reform its curriculum by adapting the curriculum of the University of Chicago Medical School. An assessment of Wuhan University Medical School's traditional curriculum conducted in 2009 informed the reform directions, which included course integration, use of clinical cases, improved relevance of basic sciences to clinical medicine, reduction of lecture time, increase in group and independent learning, and the use of formative assessments. Fifty student volunteers per year were chosen to participate in the reform, and the rest remained in the traditional curriculum. A student survey was conducted in 2011 to evaluate the reform by comparing the attitudes of those in the reform and standard curricula. The reform met the needs of the school, was generally well received, improved satisfaction in reform participants, and had a positive impact on students. Areas needing improvement were also identified.

  20. Current Developments in Language Curriculum Design: An Australian Perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burton, Jill

    1998-01-01

    A review of literature on second-language curriculum design in Australia outlines some general trends in communicative language teaching theory and needs-based language curriculum planning, task-based learning, and recent cultural, social, and literacy perspectives on curriculum, and then examines specific initiatives to reform curricula, to…

  1. Teacher Belief and Practice in a Scripted Curriculum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eisenbach, Brooke B.

    2012-01-01

    Recent reform initiatives push for stronger curriculum mandates and greater teacher accountability. Such initiatives are leading to an increase in scripted curriculums within the secondary education classroom. What happens when teaching ideologies are at odds with such required curriculums? How do teachers maintain a balance when personal beliefs…

  2. Research on the reform of university English teaching materials and curriculum setting%大学英语教材和课程设置改革研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李俊彬

    2013-01-01

    University English as an adult education involves the most extension, its educational economy and service has been widely concerned. The teaching content and curriculum setting as the core content of education, the implementation of science is directly related to the goal of cultivating talents. University English teaching of one or two grade directly provides the leading role for the bilingual teaching of English education of high grade and professional courses, to lay the foundation for sustainable development and for the student's occupation career English application ability.%  大学英语作为涉及面最广的成人教育学科,其教育的经济性和服务性受到了广泛的关注。教学内容和课程设置作为学科教育的核心内容,其科学性直接关系到人才培养目标的实现。一、二年级的大学英语教学直接为高年级的英语后续教育和各专业课程双语教学提供前导作用,并为学生的职业生涯中的英语应用能力的可持续发展打下基础。

  3. Changing the curriculum and the role of the teacher and the students in the classroom--an analysis of the process of reforming a course in oral microbiology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Netterstrøm, I; Fiehn, N E; Larsen, T

    2011-02-01

    In 2005, a new curriculum was introduced at the School of Dentistry at the University of Copenhagen. Amongst many changes, the pedagogical concept behind theoretical teaching was changed. The main emphasis was previously on lectures and teacher controlled teaching, but the emphasis has now shifted to a more dialogue-based teaching style for smaller groups where the students became much more active. Thus, the learning principle was now given the pride of place. The present article focuses on the pedagogical reorganisation of the course in oral microbiology where, based on interviews with students and teachers, an evaluation is made regarding how the changes were implemented and developed. Despite the fact that the students themselves wanted to abandon the lecture-based teaching style, there was great dissatisfaction with the new dialogue-based teaching style as the students did not think that it was possible for them to take responsibility for their learning. They would much rather listen to teachers who know the material. Initially, the teachers were very surprised by the negative attitude of the students and had to change the teaching style to more traditional teaching in groups whilst still maintaining the dialogue principle to a certain degree. In this article, the need to enter into a teaching contract between students and teachers prior to introducing new pedagogical principles is discussed.

  4. What we can learn from the curriculum reform of the UCSF School of Medicine for medical education reform in China%美国加州大学旧金山分校医学院课程改革对我国医学教育改革的启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯逵; 黄建始

    2009-01-01

    In autumn 2001 the UCSF School of Medicine puts to use for the first time its new curriculum.This paper described the objectives of this new curriculum,its specific contents,the principle to integratethe various disciplines,the prior evaluation of the courses,and the management structure.We discussed significance of this curriculum reform of the UCSF School of Medicine relevant to the medical edthe theory of learning must be followed,and full consideration must be taken of the work demands,condishould advocate class discussion(in groups)plus problem-based learning as the main approach and,at the same time,stress the importance of bedside teaching,case teaching,etc.,make full use of information emphasis must be on competence development and students clinical skills.Student must pass the objective system is the key.%美国加州大学旧金山分校医学院于2001年秋季首次使用新课程计划.本文首先介绍了该课程计划的目标、具体内容、各学科内容整合方针、课程预评估及管理机构;然后论述了加州大学旧金山分校医学院课程改革对我国医学教育改革的四点启示:①在学科内容整合上,应当遵循认知科学、学习理论的基本原理,充分考虑学生毕业后的工作情境和社会情境,面向学生毕业后的实际工作需要.②在教学方法上,提倡以课堂讨论(小组)为主、以问题为基础学习(PBL),兼而采用床边教学、案例教学等方式,充分利用信息技术,提倡师生"互动式教学".③在学生评价方式上,强调能力培养,重视诊断性评价和过程性评价,重视临床实际操作能力,学生在见习期间要通过客观结构化临床考试(OSCE).④课程计划改革要有制度上的保证.

  5. 职业教育学校财会专业课程改革探讨%Exploration on Curriculum Reform for Finance and Ac-counting Major in Vocational Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐锡志

    2015-01-01

    随着信息技术在职业教育学校中的不断深入,职业教育迎来了新的挑战,传统陈旧的教学模式已经无法满足发展的要求,因此迫切需要对课程进行改革和创新。财会专业与其他专业不同,它具有较强的专业性、技术性,因此对其进行内容上的改革应该契合当今财务制度的变化,对于那些适用性较差的教学内容还需及时更新和改进。另外,还需要借鉴先进的信息化手段对教学方法进行创新,同时加大教师队伍的培训力度,设立考核及奖罚制度,以此提高教师的综合素质,并且还要对教学设备进行优化和更新。这样可以大幅增加财会专业的教学效果,真正为社会提供高素质、高水平的财会人员。%With the continuous deepening of information technol-ogy in vocational colleges, vocational education is faced with new challenges, and the traditional backward teaching mode can no longer meet its development, so curriculum reform and innovation is imperative. Differing from other majors, finance and accounting major is highly professional and technical, so the reform for its contents should adapt to the changes of contemporary financial systems, and those teaching contents with low adaptability should be timely updated and improved. In addition, we should also draw lessons from advanced information means to innovate the teaching methods, and vigorously implement teacher training and establish evaluation and reward and punishment system, in order to improve teachers' comprehensive quality, besides, teaching e-quipment should also be optimized and updated. In this way the teaching effect of finance and accounting major can be greatly improved, and high-quality and high-level finance and account-ing talents will be provided for the society.

  6. Exploration of Vocational College Advanced Mathematics Curriculum Content Reform%高职高等数学课程内容改革的探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李东方

    2015-01-01

    Advanced mathematics is an essential public course of vocational college Science and Engineering professionals, personnel training in positioning in broadening cultural knowledge, empowerment support, providing professional tools in these areas. However, the current presence of Higher Mathematics Education Student Senate times uneven foundation, em-phasis theory teaching materials, teaching methods and examination system of single and many other issues. Based on the above issue, the article on the status of teaching in higher vocational colleges, combined with the author's teaching practice, the integration of classroom teaching content from optimization, explored the use of aspects of modern teaching methods re-form of teaching methods.%高等数学是高职院校理工科各专业必不可少的一门公共课,在人才培养中的作用集中在拓宽文化知识、增强能力支撑、提供专业工具这几个方面。然而,目前的高职高等数学教育中存在学生基础参差不齐,教材内容偏重理论,教学方法和考评体系单一等诸多问题。基于上述问题,文章就高职院校的教学现状,结合作者的教学实践,从优化整合课堂教学内容,利用现代教学手段改革教学方法等方面进行了探索。

  7. Normal Education Curriculum Reform under the Background of Teacher Qualification Certificate Examination:A Case Analysis of Shaoguan University%教师资格证统考下师范生教育类课程改革探析——基于韶关学院的个案分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张成林; 余珊

    2015-01-01

    Teacher education curriculum in normal university student culture plays an important role in the process, teacher qualification certificate for a nation-wide can set up to promote the normal adjustment of professional course, further strengthen the education quality of normal students and ability training of educational practice. There are many problems in the course of the education of normal college students in Shaoguan University, which is reflected in the curriculum structure is simple, the contents of the curriculum, teaching methods and so on. Subject to social, school, teachers, students and other factors, the reform of normal education curriculum reform should be carried out from the aspects of curriculum structure, teaching methods and so on.%教师教育类课程在师范生培养过程中发挥着重要作用,教师资格证全国统考有助于促进师范专业调整课程设置,进一步加强师范生教育素养和培养教育实践能力.韶关学院师范生教育类课程中存在诸多问题,表现在课程结构单一、课程内容陈旧、教学方式单一等方面.受制于社会、学校、教师、学生等因素影响,师范生教育类课程改革要从课程结构、教学方式等方面进行调整.

  8. College Gymnastics Curriculum Reform%高校体育教育专业体操课程改革探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柯于; 明辉

    2012-01-01

    通过数理统计法、文献资料法和实地观察法并结合教学实践,初步针对我国高校体育教育专业体操课程的内容设计、课程评价和教学棋式三个问题进行了研究,得出:高校体育教育体操课程的体操教学内容应尊重社会和学生需求,提倡采用多样化的体操教学评价和以学生为主体的教学模式。为进一步提高体育教育专业体操课教学质量提供一定的理论和实践参考依据。%Through the gymnastics of the teaching and practice of the year, to learn from the advanced educa- tional philosophy and teaching methods, combined with college gymnastics teaching, through actual observation, literature combined with their own teaching practice, of the Department of Physical Education Gymnasticstraining content, curriculum and teaching Jige evaluation research on issues of education obtained Gaoxiaotiyu course of the training objectives gymnastics, gymnastics content Ying Zunchongshehui He student Xu Qiu, promote student-centered teaching model and Cai Yong Duoyang Hua's gymnastics Jiaoxueevaluation.To further en- hance the physical education teaching quality gymnastics to provide a theoretical and practical basis for informational purposes only.

  9. Practice of Reform on Curriculum Evaluation Model for College English in Local Universities:A Case Study on Hulunbuir College%地方院校大学英语课程考核模式改革的实践--以呼伦贝尔学院为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩丽伟

    2014-01-01

    With the development of the market economy, the deepening of educational system reform, and the great change of talent standard, the goal of university talent cultivation is also ch-anging significantly, which has proposed new requirements for talent evaluation model. To adapt to the change, School of Public Foreign Languages of Hulunbuir College has implemented a re-form on curriculum evaluation model. This reform is not only a change of examination times and forms, but also a more important change of examination ideas and contents, infiltrating examina-tions into the whole process of curriculum teaching.%随着市场经济的发展,教育体制改革的深入,人才标准发生了巨大变化,高校的人才培养目标也发生了很大变化,这对人才考核的模式提出了新的要求。为了适应这一变化,呼伦贝尔学院公共外语学院实施了课程考核模式改革。这次改革不仅是考试次数、考试形式的变化,更注重考试观念和内容的改变,将考试贯穿于课程教学的全过程。

  10. Practical Research on Teaching Reform of Knowledge and Competence Curriculum Based on Network Teaching Platform:Teaching Report of Information Technology Pedagogy%网络教学平台支持下的知能课程教改实践研究*--《信息技术教学论》课程教学改革实践报告

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    颜士刚; 李赛男

    2015-01-01

    Now, the pursuit of the value of the subject curriculum is not well meeting the needs of training talent in high col-leges and universities. knowledge and competence curriculum ,which has a deep understanding of the relationship between “knowl-edge”and “ability”as well as the curriculum idea of “effort to cognize and practice as well emphasis on competency-based”, pro-vides a kind of theoretical basis for the college curriculum reform, Moreover, information teaching environment, create conditions for knowledge and competence curriculum implementation. Therefore, taking, for example, Pedagogy of Information Technology courses, the practical research of the teaching innovation on “knowledge and competence curriculum” has been carried out. In the study, the curriculum objectives of knowledge and competence curriculum has been reconstructed ,as well as the framework for the trinity macro-scopic teaching strategies , integrating teaching practice , operative teaching activity process also has be designed, and finally, a de-tailed design for curriculum teaching assessment has been presented. Through the teaching practice of three rounds, the study result shows that, teaching philosophy from knowledge and competence curriculum fits in with the current needs in undergraduate curricu-lum reform in the information age. Simultaneously, the identity verification of students themselves and the concept of the curriculum management have restricted teaching reform smoothly.%当下,学科课程的价值追求已经不能很好地满足信息时代高等教育人才培养的需要。知能课程对“知识”与“能力”关系的深刻理解以及其所倡导的“知行并举、能力本位”的课程理念,为高校课程变革提供了理论基础,而且,信息化教学环境为教学实施创造了条件。这里以《信息技术教学论》为例开展知能课程教改实践研究,重新架构了《信息技术教学

  11. The Curriculum Reform Exploration about Developing Occupation Accomplishment of the Professional of Fine Chemicals Production Technology%精细专业职业素养养成课程改革探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴健; 俞铁铭

    2016-01-01

    The students from higher vocational college are oriented to the production line, with high-end technical talents, and need excellent skills, high comprehensive quality. It was found that the enterprises welcome the students with better occupation literacy especially. If the high college can integrate skills and literacy training, this type of student is the most popular business person. While the occupation literacy accomplishment needs long-term training, combined with the typical fine chemicals pilot test technology, the idea of curriculum reform about how to integrate the occupation literacy content into teaching was explored. Finally, suggestions were put forward on occupation literacy assessment and the questions about the teachers’ occupation accomplishment.%高职院校培养的学生是面向企业生产一线,具备高端技术技能型人才,要求技能过硬,综合素质高。本专业经过大量的企业调研和毕业生回访,发现企业更欢迎职业素养高的学生,如果能将技能和素养培养有机融合起来,将是企业最受欢迎的人才。而职业素养养成需要长期培养,本文结合典型精细化学品小试技术课程,探索了如何将职业素养融入平时教学的课程改革思路,最后对职业素养的考核和教师自身的职业素养问题提出了建议。

  12. 基于翻译课程改革的人才培养新模式%On the New Training Mode of C-E Translation Talents Based upon the Reform of English Translation Curriculum

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    綦连胜

    2014-01-01

    With CAESPO permanently settling in Nanning, it has brought a rare opportunity for Guangxi development, on the other hand, it also has put forward higher requirements for the training model C-E translation. In order to speed up the training of translation, the curriculum design, classroom teaching models and translation teaching methods of translation should be re-formed correspondly to adapt the development of time. The originality of the paper lies in the construction of the following three teaching models with specific needs respectively:autonomous teaching, task-based cooperative inquiry teaching model, the inter-active teaching mode.%中国一东盟博览会永久落户南宁,给广西的发展带来难得的机遇,对翻译人才的培养也提出了更高的要求。这就要求高校革新翻译课程设置,创新翻译课堂教学模式。签于此,该文提出以下三种翻译课堂教学模式:以学生为主体的自主式翻译课堂教学模式、以教学任务为中心的任务合作探究型翻译课堂教学模式、师生互动的启发式翻译课堂教学模式。每一种翻译课堂教学模式都有其特定的内涵与要求。

  13. On the Reform Practice of Curriculum Evaluation Method Based on Information Teaching%基于信息化教学的课程考核方法改革实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    盖克荣; 程聪

    2015-01-01

    The informationization of education deepened the informatization degree of course teaching. Reforming courses examination method is essential for adapting to the change of teaching environment, teaching structure adjustment, teaching process optimization and learning style changes. This paper analyzed the current curriculum present situation of information integration, presented the paths to evaluate students and course combing with information and technology, carried on the positive exploration and practice in hydraulic and pneumatic technology course, and launched a scientific and comprehensive evaluation for students through establishing the fuzzy multiple evaluation model.%教育信息化使课程的信息化教学程度日益加深,教学环境的改变、教学结构的调整、教学过程的优化以及学习方式的变革都要求对课程考核方法进行改革。基于信息化教学的课程考核指标体系由思想政治素质、科学文化素质、专业基础素质、心理综合素质构成,每个一级指标下又分为若干二级指标。在液压传动与气动技术课程考核中使用这一指标体系,通过建立多元模糊评价模型,实现了对学生较科学的全方位评价。

  14. 高师体育专业运动人体科学课程改革探索%Curriculum Reform of Human Movement Science for Physical Education Specialty in Normal Institutions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林景红

    2011-01-01

    运动人体科学课程是高等师范体育教育专业的重要基础理论课,内容繁多,术语难解,概念抽象,理论性强,学生不易掌握。该文结合作者的教学实践,针对教学中存在的问题,从教学内容、教学方法等方面对该课程进行大胆的探索和改革,特别在计算机辅助教学方面进行了大量的尝试,形成了融实践性、实验性、形象化和启发式为一体的教学模式,有效地提高了教学质量。%The course of Human Movement Science is an important, fundamental,professional theory course for physical culture education in normal colleges and universities,characterized by wide-ranging content,obscure terms,abstract concepts,profound theories,which are difficult for students to master.In the article a lot of attempts were made to audaciously explore and reform the course with the author's teaching practice,from the teaching content,teaching methods,curriculum and other aspects in response to teaching problems,especially in computer-aided teaching,which results in a teaching model in combination of practice,experiment,visualization and heuristic teaching,thus effectively improving the quality of teaching.

  15. 基于知识整体化的高等工程教育课程改革%Research on Curriculum Reform of Higher Engineering Education Based on Knowledge Integration

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘坤; 李继怀

    2016-01-01

    Higher engineering education knowledge category covers natural science,social science,engineering, arts and humanities,as well as the paradigm and cognitive methods which is extremely important for these knowledge fields. The knowledge is interrelated,and can be integrated into a unified knowledge system. Higher engineering edu-cation curriculum reform should persist in the teaching philosophy of knowledge integration in order to realize the knowledge integration of basic courses and professional courses,compulsory courses and elective courses,theoretical courses and practical courses,major courses and extra curricular courses,cultivating the students’multidimensional thinking capability,so as to fully cultivate their innovation and entrepreneurship abilities.%高等工程教育的知识范畴涵盖了自然科学、社会科学、工程学、艺术和人文学科,以及对这些知识领域极为重要的范例和认知方法,这些知识是相互关联的,并且可以整合成一个统一的知识体系。高等工程教育课程改革应坚持知识整体化教学理念,实现基础课程与专业课程、必修课程和选修课程、理论课程和实践课程以及本专业课程和相关专业课程间的知识整体化,以培养学生思维的多维共通能力,进而全面培养和提升学生的创新创业能力。

  16. 普通高校公共体育课体育艺术类课程改革与发展研究%Research on Ordinary University Public Physical Education, Sports Art Curriculum Reform and Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任蓓

    2016-01-01

    针对体育艺术类课程基本体系及理论研究处于初期的学科背景及现状,对高校公共体育课开展体育艺术类项目进行相关研究,以期有利于丰富和完善体育学科教学理论,为重庆市高校体育开展特色项目、特色课程,为体育艺术类项目的未来发展和走向提供一定的理论依据,为普通高校体育教学的改革提供理论基础和依据。%Aimed at sports art curriculum system and the basic theory research in the early for professional sports colleges and universities, sports professional art theory research have been increased,and the comprehensive colleges and universities sports &art research in public physical education is relatively small,and the present status of public physical education in colleges and universities carried out sports arts related research projects in order to help the rich and the perfect sports discipline teaching theory,and open characteristic project and sport course of colleges and universities in Chongqing,which provides certain theoretical basis for the future development of sports project art project and provides theoretical foundation and basis for the ordinary university sports teaching reform.

  17. 新媒介环境下新闻采写课程改革研究%News Written Curriculum Reform under the New Media Environment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任占文; 眭海霞

    2012-01-01

    The impact of new media news written mainly from two aspects: the integration of media acceleration and the rise of the mobile Internet.Media Convergence News written class must break the plight of the curriculum is very narrow,single teaching method,to cultivate the thinking ability of students to cross-media and multi-skill reports skills.The rise of mobile Internet news written lesson the students of political sensitivity,the publicity-conscious at the same time,should increase the awareness of audience,service awareness training,and constantly enhance the readability and credibility of the news reports;written lesson should also train students in mobile Internet access to information,creation of "micro" news capabilities to lay a solid foundation for their future news coverage.%目前新媒体对新闻采写的冲击主要来自两个方面:媒介融合的加速和移动互联网的崛起。媒介融合要求新闻采写课必须打破过去课程设置过窄、教学方法单一的困境,培养学生跨媒介的思维能力和一专多能的报道技能。移动互联网的崛起要求新闻采写课在培养学生政治敏感、宣传意识的同时,应加大受众意识、服务意识方面的训练,不断增强新闻报道的可读性和公信力;此外采写课还应培养学生在移动互联网上获取信息、创作"微"新闻的能力,为他们将来的新闻报道工作打下坚实的基础。

  18. Curriculum Development Program in a Privately-Managed Public Preschool in Taiwan: Overcoming Difficulties and Establishing a Process Pattern

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Chia-Fen

    2016-01-01

    Preschool curriculum reform is currently underway in Taiwan. Privately-managed public preschools (PMPPs) currently play the role of bellwethers because they stand halfway between public and private preschools, and serve as testing grounds for curriculum reforms promoted by the government. This study originated from Curriculum Development Program…

  19. Curriculum Development Program in a Privately-Managed Public Preschool in Taiwan: Overcoming Difficulties and Establishing a Process Pattern

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Chia-Fen

    2016-01-01

    Preschool curriculum reform is currently underway in Taiwan. Privately-managed public preschools (PMPPs) currently play the role of bellwethers because they stand halfway between public and private preschools, and serve as testing grounds for curriculum reforms promoted by the government. This study originated from Curriculum Development Program…

  20. Tracing the Policy Mediation Process in the Implementation of a Change in the Life Sciences Curriculum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh-Pillay, Asheena; Alant, Busisiwe

    2015-01-01

    This paper accounts for the enacted realities of curriculum reform in South Africa, in particular the mediation of curriculum change. Curriculum implementation is viewed as a complex networked process of transforming or mediating policy into classroom practice. The fact that curriculum implementation is seen as problematic requires attention for…

  1. Analysis of the Formative Assessment Oriented in the Higher Vocational Curriculum ——Taking the Application of Writing Curriculum Assessment Scheme Reform as an Example%形成性评价导向的高职课程考核模式探析 ——以应用写作课程考核方案改革为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭伯勋

    2015-01-01

    高职课程考核存在两个突出弊端:第一,考核方式单一,导致考核结果的效度、信度不高;第二,考核时间过分集中,导致考核功能异化.文章根据形成性评价的原理,借鉴国外职业教育的考试方法,以应用写作课程考核方案改革为例,介绍形成性评价导向的高职课程考核模式的建构途径和实施效果.%There are two outstanding problems in the course of Higher Vocational Education:first, the assessment method is single, resulting the validity and reliability of the assessment results are very low;second, the examination time is over concentrated, which leads to the dissimilation of its assessment function. According to the principle of for-mative evaluation, this paper draws lessons from the test method of foreign vocational education,taking the application of the writing course assessment plan reform as an example,the author try to introduce the formative assessment orient-ed construction ways and effects of the higher vocational curriculum assessment mode.

  2. Curriculum Reform Research of“Market Research and Prediction”for Marketing and Planning Major in Higher Vocational Colleges%高职营销与策划专业《市场调研与预测》课程改革的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    付蕾

    2015-01-01

    “Market research and prediction”is a basic course of Marketing and planning major in Higher Vocational Colleges, this paper discuss the reform of the course based on product category in different industry related, described the method of considering the relevant reform in detail from three aspects:curriculum planning, teaching content and teaching mode.%《市场调研与预测课程》是高职营销与策划专业的专业基础课,本文以不同行业相关的产品品类为线索对该门课程进行了课程改革,从课程企划、教学内涵、教学方式的三方面详细叙述了相关改革的考虑方法。

  3. Curriculum Animation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gose, Michael D.

    2004-01-01

    Twenty-five teachers with reputations for artistry in curriculum planning were interviewed about their "curriculum animation" plans or how they ensured their curriculum was brought to life. Their statements indicated that much of their planning is informal and intuitive, and that the criteria they use for their curriculum includes: (1) it is…

  4. Research on the Reform of the “Wine Knowledge and Mixing Technology” Curriculum Relying on Industry Jobs%依托行业岗位的《酒水知识与调酒技术》课程改革研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟真

    2016-01-01

    The content of higher vocational education curriculum should take the“position”as the mainline,take“employment”as the guide and take “work”as the core.This paper puts forward the reform of teaching content、teaching methods and means of examination in “Wine knowledge and technology”curriculum,according to the specific needs of corresponding position in the market.%高职教育课程内容应该以“岗位”为主线,以“就业”为导向,以“工作任务”为核心,文章依据市场酒水岗位的具体需求,提出《酒水知识与调酒技术》课程的教学内容改革、教学方法改革和考核手段改革。

  5. 高职计算机专业C语言课程教学改革探究——以商丘职业技术学院计算机系为例%On Reform of C Computer Programming Language Course in Higher Vocational College Taking Computer Curriculum Offered by Shangqiu Vocational Technical College as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周爱霞; 李娟

    2012-01-01

    C语言作为高等学校计算机专业的基础课、必开课,该课程的改革在高职高专教学中非常必要。以项目引领、任务驱动为导向将该课程分为基础篇和实战篇进行教学,实现理论实践相结合,做到教、学、做一体化。%C computer programming language is a fundamental and compulsory course in computer science col- leges and universities. The paper maintains that the reform of the curriculum in vocational education is very necessary. It proposes developing a project-oriented, task-driven curriculum, dividing the teaching content into the basic theory and practical training to achieve a combination of theory and practice and integrate the teaching, learning and doing

  6. Abortion - surgical

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suction curettage; Surgical abortion; Elective abortion - surgical; Therapeutic abortion - surgical ... Surgical abortion involves dilating the opening to the uterus (cervix) and placing a small suction tube into the uterus. ...

  7. 应用型本科院校体育课程教学改革方案研究--以安徽科技学院为例%Research on the Teaching Reform of Physical Education Curriculum in Application-oriented Universities--the Case of Anhui Science and Technology University

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘从梅; 秦纪强; 陶运三

    2014-01-01

    Reconstruction and teaching reform of physical education curriculum in Anhui Science and Technology University was the inevitable requirement of university’s classification development and the improvement on the quality of applied talents. The reform plan focused on students' practical ability and effect, and redesigned the curriculum goal system and structure, teaching program, curriculum management. Combined with the external social environment and internal conditions and other factors of the college, this plan was innovated and developed on the basis of existing teaching to realize the maximum educational value, fitness effect and service function of physical education curriculum in applied undergraduate colleges.%安徽科技学院体育课程再建设与教学改革是由高校分类发展、提高应用型人才培养质量而催生演化的必然需求。其改革方案重视学生实践能力与效果,重新设计课程目标体系、课程结构、教学项目、课程管理,再结合学校所处的外部社会环境、校内条件等因素,在既有教学基础上创新发展,以希最大限度实现应用型本科院校体育课程的育人价值、健身功效、服务功能。

  8. 以培养实用型护理人才为导向的《护理管理学》中职课程改革与实践%The reform and practice of the Nursing Management curriculum to cultivate practical nursing talents in the secondary vocational nursing education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韦丽飞; 何旗群; 严菱; 韦东玲; 莫莉; 农宝兰

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To reform Nursing Management curriculum and to cultivate practical nursing talents in the secondary vocational nursing education. Methods: The teachers from the school and the clinic integrated Nursing Management course. We added 8 hours of clinical probation courseware and 8 hours of clinical probation. Two classes were randomly divided into the experimental group and the control group. The experimental group was taught according to the integration curriculum of Nursing Management, and the control group was taught according to traditional methods. Result:After the curriculum reform, the satisfaction of teaching effects in the experimental group is higher than the control gruop (P<0.05). The clinical teachers' satisfaction toward the experimental group is higher than the control group (P<0.05). Conclusion:After the curriculum reform, the curriculum could satisfy the students' knowledge demand of adapting clinical work, solve the problem of classroom knowledge integrating with clinical practice, and provide valuable reference for cultivating practical nursing talents.%目的:对《护理管理学》中职课程进行改革,培养实用型护理人才。方法:由学校老师与临床带教老师共同整合《护理管理学》中职课程,增添8个临床见习课件及8学时的临床见习课。将两个自然班分为实验组和对照组。实验组按整合后的《护理管理学》课程教学,对照组采用传统教学法。结果:课程改革后,实验组学生对教学效果的满意度高于对照组(P<0.05);临床带教老师对实验组学生实习表现的满意度高于对照组(P<0.05)。结论:改革后的《护理管理学》课程能满足学生适应临床工作岗位的知识需求,解决课堂知识与临床接轨问题,为培养实用型护理人才提供参考依据。

  9. Neoliberalism and Corporate School Reform: "Failure" and "Creative Destruction"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saltman, Kenneth J.

    2014-01-01

    In the United States, corporate school reform or neoliberal educational restructuring has overtaken educational policy, practice, curriculum, and nearly all aspects of educational reform. Although this movement began on the political right, the corporate school model has been heralded across the political spectrum and is aggressively embraced now…

  10. Applying Concepts of Critical Pedagogy to Qatar's Educational Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Romanowski, Michael H.; Amatullah, Tasneem

    2016-01-01

    Qatar is in the midst of a systemic education reform, Education For a New Era, steered by RAND's (a nonprofit research organization) analysis and report of Qatar's Educational system. Driven by a neoliberal agenda, the reform includes international curricula, curriculum standards, teacher licensure, and professional standards for school leaders…

  11. Contesting Reform: Bernstein's Pedagogic Device and Madrasah Education in Singapore

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tan, Charlene

    2010-01-01

    This paper highlights the active role played by various pedagogic agents in contesting the state educational reforms for madrasahs in Singapore. Drawing upon Basil Bernstein's pedagogic device, the paper identifies tensions and challenges that arise from the attempts by the state to implement curriculum reforms. The paper contends that the stakes…

  12. Administrative Reform

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Plum, Maja

    Through the example of a Danish reform of educational plans in early childhood education, the paper critically addresses administrative educational reforms promoting accountability, visibility and documentation. Drawing on Foucaultian perspectives, the relation between knowledge and governing...... of administrative technology, tracing how the humanistic values of education embed and are embedded within ‘the professional nursery teacher' as an object and subject of administrative practice. Rather than undermining the humanistic potential of education, it is argued that the technology of accounting...

  13. A Response to a Research Base Supporting Long-Term Algebra Reform.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phillips, Elizabeth

    This paper is a reaction to a plenary address, "A Research Base Supporting Long Term Algebra Reform?" by James Kaput (SE 057 182). The reactions fall into three categories: comments on Kaput's dimensions of algebra reform, a brief discussion of algebra and algebra reform from the viewpoint of a curriculum developer of the Connected…

  14. The new University of Colorado medical school curriculum: a pediatric perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deterding, Robin R; Wong, Shale; Faries, Glenn; Glover, Jacqueline J; Garrington, Timothy P; Wang, Michael; Anderson, Marsha S; Krugman, Richard D

    2007-11-01

    The University of Colorado School of Medicine has developed an innovative 4-year undergraduate curriculum. As a strong advocate for education and curriculum reform, Dr M. Douglas Jones Jr. created an environment for pediatrics to flourish in this new curriculum. Pediatric content has increased in all years of the curriculum, and pediatric faculty have had greater opportunities to teach and seek career development in medical education. In this report, we review the process that led to curriculum reform, provide an overview of the new curriculum design, and highlight examples of the positive impact this process has had on education in pediatrics. We hope that sharing our experience, may benefit others in medical education.

  15. 从应试教育到课程改革:教育现象学观照%From examination-oriented education to curriculum reform:The contemplation in the perspective of Education Phenomenology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈尚达

    2015-01-01

    教育现象学是一门追求教育生活中具体现象的学问,悬置成见、回归生活和反思性理解,是教育现象学的三个重要关键词。从教育现象学角度观照,应试教育存在的主要问题包括:教师讲授对悬置的忽视,标准答案情结对学生生活世界的遮蔽,缺乏师生对教材、他者与自我三者关系的反思性理解;课程改革的路径选择包括教师精通教材与悬置的运用,教师主动倾听让学生的生活世界得以显现,教师运用教学机智推进学生关于教材、他者与自我三者关系的反思性理解。%Education Phenomenology is a kind of knowledge studying the particular phenomena in educational life. Suspension, the life world and the relationship are its three key words. Viewed in the perspective of the Education Phenomenology, the main problem of exam-oriented teaching in China includes: the teacher' neglecting to suspension during essential teaching, the standard answer covering students' life worlds, and the lack of reflection to the relationship among the text, the other and the self. The road selecting of curriculum reform in three aspects: the teacher's acquaintance to teaching material and the usage of suspension; the teacher's initiative in listening to present the students' life world; and the teacher's tact of teaching in coordinating the reflective understanding of the relationship among text, the others and the self.

  16. 教学做合一的课程教学改革初探%Preliminary Study of the Curriculum Teaching Reform by the Teaching Mode "Combination of Teaching,Learning and Doing"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘传熙

    2012-01-01

    教学做合一是高等职业教育重要的一种教学模式,其核心是以"做"来强化学生能力的培养。文章以《人力资源方案设计》课程的"工作分析"教学内容为例,对教学做合一的课程教学改革进行了初步探索。从岗位职业能力的实践技能要求出发,设计出学生"学"内容和方式;又从学生"学"的内容和方式导出教师"教"的内容和方法。"教"与"学"通过"做"结合在一起,让师生在实践中教学,在教学中实践;从而实现教学相长,师生共进的课程教学模式。%"Combination of teaching,learning and doing" is an important teaching mode in higher vocational education,whose core is to strengthen the ability of students based on the "doing".This paper takes the teaching content of "job analysis" in the course "Human Resources Program Design" for example,and studies the Curriculum Teaching Reform by the teaching mode "combination of teaching and learning and doing".Under the requirements of the practice skill and professional competence of the job,it designs the contents and manners of the "learning".Then based on the contents and manners of the "learning",it derives the contents and methods of the "teaching"."Teaching" and "learning" are combined with "doing",which makes teachers and students teach in the practice and practice in the teaching,in order to achieve the teaching mode which can make teachers and students progress together.

  17. The Explore of CNC Machining Technology Curriculum Project-Oriented Reforms%《数控加工技术》课程项目化改革探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    樊雄; 邵峰; 黄斌斌

    2013-01-01

      针对《数控加工技术》教学过程中的问题,进行了以能力为目标、适应企业和社会需要的人才培养模式探索,选取零件项目载体的教学内容和任务驱动教学方式,理论与实践有机融合,知识的掌握和技能训练在项目的实施过程中完成。《数控加工技术》的项目化课程改革,明确了能力本位的教学理念,对提高学生的职业技能,培养出受企业欢迎的数控实用型人才意义重大,影响深远,以零件载体的项目课程教学内容,在职业素质培养和技能的训练中,产生了明显的教学效果。%With regard to the CNC machining technology problems in the teaching process, the ability to target, and the ability to adapt to business and social needs of talents training have been explored. With the selection of a part project carrier task-driven teaching methods and the organic integration of theory and practice, the mastery of knowledge and the training of skil s in the implementation process of the project can be completed. The reform of CNC machining technology curriculum is significant and far-reaching which has cleared the concept of competency-based teaching and improved the students' CNC practical talents welcomed by enterprises. The project teaching content where parts are carriers produced a significant teaching effectiveness in the process of professional quality training and skil s training.

  18. Higher mental health curriculum and educational reform under positive psychology analysis%积极心理学下的高职心理健康教育课程及教学改革分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张艳君

    2016-01-01

    高职学生的教育环境相对一般的高层次学生较为复杂,其心理特点也相对独特,所以,在高职教育中,也需要注意高职学生的心理健康教学。由于近年来,高职学校的盲目扩大,造成了高职心理讲课教育教学课程化、理论化的模式,教师在教学中多是以说教、灌输等教学方式来实现课程教学,教学效果相对较差。对此,笔者认为需要进行高职心理健康课程教学改革,立足于高职院校心理健康教育,以积极心理学为指导,积极开展高校学生的心理辅导与建设,构建积极心理教学课程教学体系。%Higher vocational students' education environment relatively general high-level students is relatively complex, its unique psychological characteristics is also relatively, so, in the higher vocational education, also need to pay attention to the teaching of higher vocational student's psychological health. However, due to recent years, higher vocational school of blind expansion, caused psychological lecture education curriculum, the theoretical model, teachers in the teaching is more lectures, instilling teaching methods to implement teaching, the teaching effect is relatively poor. To this, the author thinks that the need for mental health course teaching reform, based on the psychological health education in higher vocational colleges, guided by the positive psychology, college students' psychological counseling and construction actively, build positive psychology teaching course teaching system.

  19. Reforming the teaching of "the electronic technology curriculum designs" and cultivating"3CE"application-oriented innovation talents%改革"电子技术课程设计"教学,培养"3CE"应用型创新人才

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李雪梅; 何光谱; 张建平; 童强; 张自友

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents the “3CE” application-oriented talent-cultivating mode and introduces the situation of the curriculum construction of course design of electronic technology and practical teaching reform in the author's department in recent years. A profound exploration has been done to aim at teaching content, teaching approaches, evaluation methods, etc. in the curriculum construction. The practice reveals that not only have students' learning interests been stimulated, but also students' engineering design awareness and creative ability have been well developed after the reform of course design, which lays a solid foundation for having a better performance in the following courses and electronic contests.%提出"3CE"应用型创新人才培养模式,介绍了"电子技术"课程建设与实践教学改革状况.针对课程建设过程中的教学内容、教学方法、考评方式等进行了较深入的探讨.实践表明,改革后的课程设计不仅提高了学生的学习兴趣,更重要的是培养了学生工程设计意识和创新能力,为后续课程和电子竞赛打下坚实基础,并取得可喜成绩.

  20. 基于“能力本位”的独立学院信息管理与信息系统专业课程体系的改革%“Competency-based” Curriculum Reform on Information Management and Information System Major of the Independent College

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    饶丽红

    2014-01-01

    “Competency-based” education emphasizes the training of vocational skills and comprehensive abilities. Based on questionnaires and field interviews, this paper firstly analyzed the existing curriculum problems in the information management and information system major and the necessity for reform, and then put forward some curriculum building principles based on the “competency-based” education theory, and also formulated some measures for the reform.%“能力本位”强调职业技能培养与综合能力素质培养并重。本文基于问卷调查和实地访谈,首先分析了信息管理与信息系统专业课程体系改革的必要性以及存在的问题,接着提出了基于“能力本位”的课程设置原则,并制定了课程体系改革对策。

  1. Research on Existing Problems and Countermeasures of Middle School Physical Education Curriculum Reform%中学体育教学在基础教育体育课程改革中存在的问题及对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张志富

    2014-01-01

    基础教育体育课程改革已实施多年,但目前体育教学中仍然存在问题:学生主体性发挥的力度不够;课程内容安排存有缺陷;体育与健康课堂教学发展性评价不完善等。本文通过分析问题提出了解决问题的具体对策,以此为体育教学的发展与改革提供相关思路。%Physical education curriculum reform of basic education has been implemented for many years , but there are still problems in physical education: student body is not enough to play; curriculum arrangements flawed;sports and health development of classroom teaching evaluation imperfect .This paper analyzes the issues and put forwards concrete measures to solve the problem .The main purpose is to provide ideas for the development and reform of physical education teaching .

  2. Barreda, Vasconcelos, and Mexican Educational Reforms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skirius, John

    1983-01-01

    Reviews the contributions to Mexican education of Gabino Barredas' positivism between 1867-1898 and the contributions of Jose Vasconcelos during the 1920s. Discusses the secondary curriculum reforms of Barreda's era and the vocational education and the education for women and adults during the Vasconcelos era. (SB)

  3. Investigating Purposeful Science Curriculum Adaptation as a Strategy to Improve Teaching and Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Debarger, Angela Haydel; Penuel, William R.; Moorthy, Savitha; Beauvineau, Yves; Kennedy, Cathleen A.; Boscardin, Christy Kim

    2017-01-01

    In this paper, we investigate the potential and conditions for using curriculum adaptation to support reform of science teaching and learning. With each wave of reform in science education, curriculum has played a central role and the contemporary wave focused on implementation of the principles and vision of the "Framework for K-12 Science…

  4. International Perspectives on Early Childhood Curriculum Changes in Singapore and Australia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nyland, Berenice; Ng, Josephine

    2016-01-01

    This article explores early childhood curriculum reform in Australia and Singapore in order to identify international trends in early childhood education (ECE), similarities in curriculum reform initiatives and implementation strategies adopted. We have observed the existence of many shared ideas across the two contexts that may influence…

  5. Alignment between High School Biology Curriculum Standard and the Standardised Tests of Four Provinces in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Qun; Liu, Enshan

    2012-01-01

    With the development and implementation of new curriculum standards, the field tests of education reform in senior high schools began in 2004 in four pilot provinces in mainland China. After five years of the reform, it is necessary to know how and to what extent the curriculum standard guides test classroom instruction. The present study was…

  6. Investigating Purposeful Science Curriculum Adaptation as a Strategy to Improve Teaching and Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Debarger, Angela Haydel; Penuel, William R.; Moorthy, Savitha; Beauvineau, Yves; Kennedy, Cathleen A.; Boscardin, Christy Kim

    2017-01-01

    In this paper, we investigate the potential and conditions for using curriculum adaptation to support reform of science teaching and learning. With each wave of reform in science education, curriculum has played a central role and the contemporary wave focused on implementation of the principles and vision of the "Framework for K-12 Science…

  7. LA FORMACIÓN DE NUTRICIONISTAS DIETISTAS EN LA UNIVERSIDAD NACIONAL DE COLOMBIA EN EL CONTEXTO DE LA REFORMA CURRICULAR DEL AÑO 2008: ANTECEDENTES, PROYECCIONES Y RETOS CURRICULARES The training of dieticians in the Universidad Nacional de Colombia within a context of curriculum reform in 2008: background, projections and curriculum challenges

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sonia Liliana Pertuz Cruz

    2012-03-01

    discipline, historical contexts and the need for professional training in Colombia. The current study plan (arising from curriculum reform in 2008 offers students the chance to become trained in the profession by constructing their own development trajectory and encourages direct crossover between levels of undergraduate and postgraduate training. The proposed changes are aimed at responding to the demands made on nutrition as a science and the requirements of all-round professionals having a holistic vision who are able to contribute alternative solutions to the problems inherent in food and nutrition. This article proposes an analysis of dieticians' formation in the light of curriculum modification and the challenges which this produces for actors in the programme and for the particular curriculum area.

  8. Curriculum reform and the classroom norms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet Fatih Özmantar

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Extended AbstractRationale of the study: Turkish curricula have been undergoing a massive change since 2005, especially at primary level. The new curricula set forth certain basic skills that every student at primary level needs to acquire; these skills are: critical and creative thinking, communication, questioning, problem solving, use of information communication technologies, initiation and use of Turkish language eloquently. However, research (Bingolbali et al., 2008; Ozmantar et al., 2008 shows that teachers working at this level experience difficulties in teaching such skills to the students. Hence, the need to help teachers for that matter is obvious. Having recognized this need, this study makes use of the notion of social classroom norms proposed by Cobb and his colleagues (Yackel and Cobb, 1996; Cobb et al., 1997 and suggests that teaching students such skills requires the establishment of certain classroom norms in line with the target skills. Classroom norms could be considered as tacit rules shaped by the interactions and dialogues amongst the agents in the classroom. The norms involve how students and teachers view themselves with regard to teaching and learning activities and what kinds of roles are assigned to the members of the classroom. Norms also reflect value judgements and determine what is important in a classroom regarding teaching and learning.The purpose of the study: This paper aims to demonstrate how the notion of social classroom norms can be used to enable the teachers to get students equipped with the basic skills (e.g. critical thinking and questioning skills that the new curricula set forth.Method: This is a qualitative study which involves document analysis. To determine the kind of classroom norms, official documents concerning the new curricula are subjected to the content analysis. Further to this, literature (Cobb et al., 1997; Tsai, 2004 & 2007 on classroom norms is examined and the norms developed and used in classrooms by others are evaluated along with the basic skills. The analyses are carried out independently by each of the authors who determined such norms as they think are necessary for basic skills to develop. The determined norms are later compared and contrasted along with the targeted skills by the curricula. The norms are finalized through the agreement of all the authors and the relations between the determined norms and every each of basic skills are detailed.Results: The analyses of the official documents and details of the basic skills given in those documents lead to the development of eight classroom norms which, we believe, need to be existent in each and every classroom concerned with teaching the students these skills. The determined norms are as follows:1.      Explanation of the ideas (i.e. solutions, arguments and explanations2.      Justification of the arguments3.      Sharing the ideas without any fear4.      Making real effort to understand the others’ ideas5.      Stating agreement or disagreement with the ideas shared in the classrooms6.      Stating explicitly what is understood and what is not7.      Developing alternative solutions8.      Questioning the validity of the argumentsThese norms are closely related to each other and every one of them needs to be established in the classrooms in order to create an environment in which students find opportunities to gain the basic skills that the new curricula aim. The use and importance of these norms are exemplified through dialogues obtained from Cobb et al’s (1997 study. The dialogues take place in a mathematics class where a teacher tries to establish similar norms as proposed in this study. The dialogues are examined in terms of both the norms and the basic skills in such a way to exemplify the relationships amongst them.Discussion: The discussion addresses teachers with regard to creating particular classroom cultures through the determined classroom norms and how these norms can be used to help students to obtain the basic skills. It is argued that the new roles that the curricula assign to the teacher and students during the teaching and learning activities require a dramatic change in the classroom interactions and this in turn necessitates the establishment of classroom norms accordingly. This is particularly important given the fact that norms reflect what is valued during the learning and what is expected of students. The paper also discusses the importance of creating awareness for teachers with regard to the importance of classroom norms and suggests designing in-service teacher professional development programs. However, it is pointed out that the duration of such programs and the methods employed to enable teachers to appreciate the significance of these matters are issues of great importance. 

  9. Interdisciplinary Curriculum Reform in the Changing University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Millar, Victoria

    2016-01-01

    In response to the current demands and trends within education, the disciplines as one of the core long-standing organizing structures within knowledge production and transmission are questioning and shifting what and how they teach. Universities are increasingly offering interdisciplinary subjects and programmes as an alternative to or alongside…

  10. Perception, Curriculum, and Subject Matter: Reforming Instruction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoang, Thienhuong

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to illuminate the reciprocal relation between teacher leaders' perception and practice to subject matter. The researcher conducted interviews and observations of 30 teachers from 8 urban elementary schools. The data and results evidently identify those teachers' views of subject matter both shaped and were shaped by…

  11. Curriculum reform for reproductive health | Olatunbosun | African ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    African Journal of Reproductive Health ... A new model of reproductive health care delivery is unfolding, driven by ... A three-pronged approach based on reproductive health, problem-based learning and evidence-based medicine, has much ...

  12. Curriculum reform and the classroom norms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yılmaz Sağlam

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Rationale of the study: Turkish curricula have been undergoing a massive change since 2005, especially at primary level. The new curricula set forth certain basic skills that every student at primary level needs to acquire; these skills are: critical and creative thinking, communication, questioning, problem solving, use of information communication technologies, initiation and use of Turkish language eloquently. However, research (Bingolbali et al., 2008; Ozmantar et al., 2008 shows that teachers working at this level experience difficulties in teaching such skills to the students. Hence, the need to help teachers for that matter is obvious. Having recognized this need, this study makes use of the notion of social classroom norms proposed by Cobb and his colleagues (Yackel and Cobb, 1996; Cobb et al., 1997 and suggests that teaching students such skills requires the establishment of certain classroom norms in line with the target skills. Classroom norms could be considered as tacit rules shaped by the interactions and dialogues amongst the agents in the classroom. The norms involve how students and teachers view themselves with regard to teaching and learning activities and what kinds of roles are assigned to the members of the classroom. Norms also reflect value judgements and determine what is important in a classroom regarding teaching and learning.The purpose of the study: This paper aims to demonstrate how the notion of social classroom norms can be used to enable the teachers to get students equipped with the basic skills (e.g. critical thinking and questioning skills that the new curricula set forth.Method: This is a qualitative study which involves document analysis. To determine the kind of classroom norms, official documents concerning the new curricula are subjected to the content analysis. Further to this, literature (Cobb et al., 1997; Tsai, 2004 & 2007 on classroom norms is examined and the norms developed and used in classrooms by others are evaluated along with the basic skills. The analyses are carried out independently by each of the authors who determined such norms as they think are necessary for basic skills to develop. The determined norms are later compared and contrasted along with the targeted skills by the curricula. The norms are finalized through the agreement of all the authors and the relations between the determined norms and every each of basic skills are detailed.Results: The analyses of the official documents and details of the basic skills given in those documents lead to the development of eight classroom norms which, we believe, need to be existent in each and every classroom concerned with teaching the students these skills. The determined norms are as follows:1. Explanation of the ideas (i.e. solutions, arguments and explanations2. Justification of the arguments3. Sharing the ideas without any fear4. Making real effort to understand the others’ ideas5. Stating agreement or disagreement with the ideas shared in the classrooms6. Stating explicitly what is understood and what is not7. Developing alternative solutions8. Questioning the validity of the argumentsThese norms are closely related to each other and every one of them needs to be established in the classrooms in order to create an environment in which students find opportunities to gain the basic skills that the new curricula aim. The use and importance of these norms are exemplified through dialogues obtained from Cobb et al’s (1997 study. The dialogues take place in a mathematics class where a teacher tries to establish similar norms as proposed in this study. The dialogues are examined in terms of both the norms and the basic skills in such a way to exemplify the relationships amongst them.Discussion: The discussion addresses teachers with regard to creating particular classroom cultures through the determined classroom norms and how these norms can be used to help students to obtain the basic skills. It is argued that the new roles that the curricula assign to the teacher and students during the teaching and learning activities require a dramatic change in the classroom interactions and this in turn necessitates the establishment of classroom norms accordingly. This is particularly important given the fact that norms reflect what is valued during the learning and what is expected of students. The paper also discusses the importance of creating awareness for teachers with regard to the importance of classroom norms and suggests designing in-service teacher professional development programs. However, it is pointed out that the duration of such programs and the methods employed to enable teachers to appreciate the significance of these matters are issues of great importance.

  13. Review and expectation of integrated curriculum of basic medical sciences of Shanghai Jiao Tong University

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiao-yin NIU; Song YU; Xiao-kui GUO

    2015-01-01

    Since early 1950 s,many domestic and foreign medical schools have carried out the integrated teaching reform of medical education. In our school of basic medical sciences,there have been three types of integrated curriculum reform carried out in history,i. e. horizontally integrated courses,problem-oriented basic medical sciences curriculum, and organ system-based integrated curriculum. This article reviews the experience of these three teaching reforms and the problems encountered and hopes to provide some references for the integration of basic medical sciences curriculum of other medical schools.

  14. Surgical Assisting

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Insert and remove Foley urinary bladder catheter Place pneumatic tourniquet Confirm procedure with surgeon Drape patient within ... Technology and Surgical Assisting (NBSTSA) offers the CertifiedSurgical First Assistant (CSFA) credential, and the National Surgical Assistant ...

  15. Be clear about the theory of “curriculum and teaching” to promote the elenentary education reform%明晰“课程与教学的整合理念”促进基础教育的改革与发展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹娟

    2001-01-01

    Many teachers have some misconceptions about the relation between curriculum and teachingfor confining their theory to dualism. They look at curriculum and teaching in isolation. In order to advance the elementary education' s reform, teachers should be clear about the theory of “curriculum and teaching” and build up new education idea.%由于受二元论的拘囿,很多教师在课程与教学关系的问题上存在着认识误区,把本应该互相促进和发展的课程与教学割裂开了。因此,为了更好地促进基础教育改革的新发展,教师们必须明晰课程与教学的整合理念及其在教育中的重要意义,从而树立全新的教育观,为基础教育的改革贡献出新的智慧和力量。

  16. Project-oriented"Midwifery Technology" Curriculum Reform Based on the Working Process in Higher Vocational Schools%基于工作过程的高职助产专业《助产技术》课程项目化改革

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王容

    2014-01-01

    《助产技术》是助产专业的核心课程,如何将教学任务与工作任务、教学情景和工作情景紧密结合,是培养“实用型技能型人才”亟待解决的问题。为此,对本课程进行了以能力为导向的项目化课程改革,从课程名称、课程目标、课程内容、教学方法、评价体系等多方面进行课程改革,可以提高助产专业学生的职业能力和职业素质。%"Midwifery Technology" is one of the core courses for midwifery major, how to make teaching tasks and work tasks, teaching situations and work scenarios closely related is the key to develop practical skillful talents. Therefore, ability-oriented project-based curriculum reform of "Midwifery Technology" is carried out at Qingyuan Polytechnic in terms of the name of the course, curriculum objectives, curriculum content, teaching methods, evaluation system and other aspects, to improve midwifery majors' professional ability and quality.

  17. On the Method and Path of the Curriculum System Reform of Higher Vocational Education---Exemplified by Major of Network Technology%高职教育课程体系改革的方法与路径--以网络技术专业为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭超健; 李锋

    2015-01-01

    我国高职教育课程体系存在诸多问题,如教学内容陈旧、知识老化、方法单一、理论和实践脱节,学生动手能力不强,创新能力不高,这些都直接影响到高职教育目标的实现。本文以计算机网络专业课程改革为例,探讨如何完善适合企业需求的高职院校课程设置,来确保高职教育目标的落实和人才培养目标的实现。%There are quite a lot of problems which directly affect the achievement of the goal of higher vocational education in the curriculum system of higher vocational education in China such as obsolete teaching contents , knowledge aging , single method , disjointed relation between theory and practice , weak practical ability of students and low innovation ability.The paper discusses how to perfect the curriculum system of higher vocational colleges suitable for the enterprises in order to ensure the implementation of higher vocational education objectives and the goals of talents cultivation exemplified by the curriculum reform of network technology major in Guangdong Communication Polytechnic.

  18. Telecom Reform

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    and information infrastructure issues - for people in government, academia, industry and the consulting community. This book addresses the process of policy and regulatory reform in telecom that is now in its formative stage. It draws on detailed knowledge of industry development and regulatory experience...

  19. Reflection on New Curriculun Reform%关于新课程改革的心得体会

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩旭升

    2012-01-01

    本文通过对应试教育和新课改教育的比较,提出了适应新课改的教学方法。%This paper raises some teaching methdos adapting to new curriculum reform by comparing exam- oriented education and new curriculum reform, education.

  20. Innovation in pediatric surgical education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clifton, Matthew S; Wulkan, Mark L

    2015-06-01

    Pediatric surgical training in the United States remained basically unchanged from the model developed by Ladd and Gross in the 1930s until recently. Standardized curriculum and novel evaluation methods are now being implemented. Pediatric Surgical education is currently undergoing a transition to competency-based evaluation and promotion. Unfortunately, there is little data on the efficacy of these changes. This presents an opportunity for further study of how we conduct training, and how we evaluate and promote our trainees.

  1. Reform and Backlash to Reform

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hougaard Jensen, Svend E.; Hagen Jørgensen, Ole

    Using a stochastic general equilibrium model with overlapping generations, this paper studies (i) the effects on both extensive and intensive labor supply responses to changes in fertility rates, and (ii) the potential of a retirement reform to mitigate the effects of fertility changes on labor...

  2. A Lesson Plan Under the New National English Curriculum

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    党慧娟

    2015-01-01

    This essay presents a lesson plan for the first period of unit 3 from New Senior English for China Student’s Book 4 based on the New English Curriculum,and followed with a brief explanation to it.At last the author shared her reflections on how to become an excellent English teacher in the process of curriculum reform.

  3. The Reconceptualization of Curriculum Studies, 1987: A Personal Retrospective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinar, William F.

    1988-01-01

    Relates how historical developments initiated the curriculum reform movement, which caused curriculum studies to become vulnerable to reconceptualization. Traces the movement from Sputnik in 1957 through reconceptualists' opposition to the mainstream field in the 1970s. The opposition has now become the field itself, which is characterized by…

  4. The Curriculum Ideology of the South African Secondary School Biology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mnguni, Lindelani

    2013-01-01

    South Africa has had a number of curriculum reforms since 1994 which have been based on both political and education grounds. However, there is a dearth of knowledge about the nature of the envisioned graduates, especially with respect to social challenges. This can be addressed by exploring the curriculum ideology which outlines the vision of…

  5. Harnessing Teacher Potential as Israel Education Curriculum Developers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katz, Meredith

    2015-01-01

    In this article I investigate how one group of teachers deliberated about Israel education with the intention to "modify the myth" as they engaged in curriculum reform. I begin from the idea that curriculum development should be an in-house endeavor that encourages faculty to embrace their roles as curricular decision-makers.…

  6. Managing Curriculum Change and "Ontological Uncertainty" in Tertiary Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keesing-Styles, Linda; Nash, Simon; Ayres, Robert

    2014-01-01

    Curriculum reform at institutional level is a challenging endeavour. Those charged with leading this process will encounter both enthusiasm and multiple obstacles to teacher engagement including the particularly complex issue of confronting existing teacher identities. At Unitec Institute of Technology (Unitec), the "Living Curriculum"…

  7. The Nature of the Curriculum for the Eighties and Onwards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Western European Education, 1972

    1972-01-01

    The far-reaching implications of curriculum change for educational reform and renewal was the subject of a CERI workshop, June 29-July 4, 1970. Reprinted from The Nature of the Curriculum for the Eighties and Onwards,'' Paris, CERI, Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, 1972. (Editor)

  8. Analysis of Curriculum Standards: An Important Research Area

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tran, Dung; Reys, Barbara J.; Teuscher, Dawn; Dingman, Shannon; Kasmer, Lisa

    2016-01-01

    This commentary highlights the contribution that careful and systematic analyses of curriculum or content standards can make to questions and issues important in the mathematics education field. We note the increased role that curriculum standards have played as part of a standards-based education reform strategy. We also review different methods…

  9. The Lesotho curriculum and assessment policy: Opportunities and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hennie

    the current curriculum reform, but will also provide feedback on the current curriculum ... measure desirable competences and skills (Ministry of Education, Sports and Culture, 1982). ... Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome), all of which posed a ... the central role of education in achieving economic.

  10. CHALLENGES TO TEACHERS AT A TIME OF CURRICULUM CHANGE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1998-01-01

    This paper introduces the background of English curriculum change an the serious problems related to the reform of English teaching in the P. R. China. It analyses the major expectation of the curriculum designers and the teachers during implementation. It also discusses the great challenge to teachers in terms of conceptions and practices.

  11. Curriculum Materials and Its Uses in Teaching and Learning Mathematics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Yeping; Fuson, Karen

    As an outline of school educational activities, curriculum has been the focus of educational reforms in the past several decades (e.g., National Council of Teachers of Mathematics, 1980, 2000). In contrast, there are very limited research efforts given to examine the nature of mathematics curriculum and its roles in teaching and learning…

  12. Challenges to the practice of evidence-based medicine during residents' surgical training: a qualitative study using grounded theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhandari, Mohit; Montori, Victor; Devereaux, P J; Dosanjh, Sonia; Sprague, Sheila; Guyatt, Gordon H

    2003-11-01

    To examine surgical trainees' barriers to implementing and adopting evidence-based medicine (EBM) in the day-to-day care of surgical patients. In 2000, 28 surgical residents from various subspecialties at a hospital affiliated with McMaster University Faculty of Health Sciences in Ontario, Canada, participated in a focus group (n = 8) and semistructured interviews (n = 20) to explore their perceptions of barriers to the practice of EBM during their training. Additional themes were explored, such as definitions of EBM and potential strategies to implement EBM during training. The canons and procedures of the grounded theory approach to qualitative research guided the coding and content analysis of the data derived from the focus group and semistructured interviews. Residents identified personal barriers, staff-surgeon barriers, and institutional barriers that limited their ability to apply EBM in their daily activities. Residents perceived their lack of education in EBM, time constraints, lack of priority, and fear of staff disapproval as major challenges to practicing EBM. Moreover, the lack of ready access to surgical EBM resource materials proved to be an important additional factor limiting EBM surgical practice. Residents identified several strategies to overcome these barriers to EBM, including hiring staff surgeons with EBM training, offering coursework in critical appraisal for all staff, improving interdepartmental communication, and providing greater flexibility for EBM training. Surgical residents identified a general lack of education, time constraints, lack of priority, and staff disapproval as important factors limiting incorporation of EBM. Curriculum reform and surgeon education may help overcome these barriers.

  13. Designing Web-Based Educative Curriculum Materials for the Social Studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Callahan, Cory; Saye, John; Brush, Thomas

    2013-01-01

    This paper reports on a design experiment of web-based curriculum materials explicitly created to help social studies teachers develop their professional teaching knowledge. Web-based social studies curriculum reform efforts, human-centered interface design, and investigations into educative curriculum materials are reviewed, as well as…

  14. The Continuing Arrogation of the Curriculum Field: A Rejoinder to Pinar.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wraga, William G.

    1999-01-01

    Criticizes the response by William Pinar as not addressing points raised in Wraga's essay on reconceptualized curriculum studies. Pinar's vision of hopelessness for reforming the curriculum field continues the insulation of curriculum theorists from the complex problems of school practice. (SLD)

  15. Recent Tensions and Challenges in Teacher Education as Manifested in Curriculum Discourse

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hokka, Paivi; Etelapelto, Anneli; Rasku-Puttonen, Helena

    2010-01-01

    This study seeks to contribute to discussions on the development of teacher education by analysing teacher educators' talk concerning curriculum reform. The curriculum is understood as a mediating construction between teacher educators and the social context, and the development of the curriculum is seen as a negotiation process between global…

  16. Designing Web-Based Educative Curriculum Materials for the Social Studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Callahan, Cory; Saye, John; Brush, Thomas

    2013-01-01

    This paper reports on a design experiment of web-based curriculum materials explicitly created to help social studies teachers develop their professional teaching knowledge. Web-based social studies curriculum reform efforts, human-centered interface design, and investigations into educative curriculum materials are reviewed, as well as…

  17. Centrifugal Schooling: Third Sector Policy Networks and the Reassembling of Curriculum Policy in England

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williamson, Ben

    2012-01-01

    This article examines changes in curriculum policy in secondary education in England. It is concerned with recent curriculum policy and reform, and the proliferation of non-government actors in curriculum policy creation. It examines the emergence of a loose alliance of third sector organisations and their involvement in a series of alternative…

  18. 中小學課程政策改革之研究:九年一貫課程的回顧與前瞻A Study on Curriculum Reform Policies of Elementary and Secondary School: Focusing on the Grade 1-9

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    吳俊憲(通訊作者)Chun-Hsien Wu

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available 近年來,我國中小學課程面臨巨大變革,尤其是推動九年一貫課程改革可以說是一項新的里程碑,期望藉以培養具備人本情懷、統整能力、民主素養、鄉土與國際意識,以及能進行終身學習之健全國民。只是推動迄今,一些理想和現實產生落差,本文即著眼於此,針對九年一貫課程改革政策之形成背景及實施概況進行探究,然後探究重要改革議題(含能力指標與領域教學、學校本位課程與重大議題融入、中央-地方-學校課程權限劃分)之實施困境及爭議問題、推動成果及影響等。最後,歸納結果並提出改進建議,提供未來修訂課程政策方向之參考。The purposes of this study were to explore the curriculum reform policies of elementary and secondary school in Taiwan. Three issues of curriculum policies were analyzed and discussed: (1 the competence indicators and learning areas teaching; (2 the school-based curriculum development and integrating important social issues in instruction; (3 the distribution of jurisdiction and operating mechanisms relating to curricula at the central, local, and school levels. Finally, based on the results mentioned above, several suggestions for reforming curriculum policies of elementary and secondary school were proposed.

  19. Practice and Reformation of Digital Mapping Technique Curriculum in Vocational Colleges Based on Working Process%基于工作过程的高职数字化测图技术课程的改革与实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王万平

    2013-01-01

    In order to make students master the digital mapping technique better, the curriculum is designed based on work orientation with the tasks related to job position. The reformation for course evaluation achieves a good result to realize the cultivation for both knowledge and abilities.%为了使学生更好地掌握数字化测图技术这门课程,以工作过程为导向对数字化测图课程内容进行了重组,并设计了和职业岗位相对应工作任务,对教学模式、课程考核和评价方式进行了相应改革,取得了较好的教学效果,实现了职业能力培养和理论知识学习的双赢.

  20. 院校联合教学模式在高职护理急危重症护理学课程改革中的实践%Reform of the curriculum of emergency and critical care through a hospital-based vocational nursing program

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柴翠萍; 王兰芝

    2013-01-01

    目的 探讨院校联合教学模式在高职护理专业急危重症护理学课程改革中的应用效果,提高教学质量.方法 将2009级护理系一班学生186人作为实验组,二班187人作为对照组.对照组实施传统的理论、实践分段教学,即在校本部完成所有理论课与实训课;实验组学生实施院校联合教学模式,即从第二学年(第三学期开始)进入医院,所有的专业课程均在医院内完成,每周一至周四在医院教室内全天上理论课,周五全天在医院实训室上实训课,课余时间(中午或晚上)学生分小组按计划有组织地到医院各科室进行实践学习.结果 实验组考试考核成绩显著高于对照组(P<0.01);98.93%的学生认为提高了自我管理能力,84.37%带教老师认为学生能尽快适应临床.结论 院校联合的高职护理专业急危重症护理学课程改革,适应目前教学改革要求,更加注重高职护理实用型人才的培养,提高了学生的综合急救能力.%Objective To reform the curriculum of emergency and critical care through a hospital-based vocational nursing program, to evaluate the effect of the program, and to improve the quality of teaching. Methods Two classes admitted in 2009 were divided into two groups by random. The control group of 187 students were assigned to traditional curriculum design for emergency and critical carc: they completed class room teaching at the school first, then received field teaching and practiced in the hospital. The experimental group of 186 students were on a hospital-based nursing program; they started to work and studied in the hospital from the 3rd semester on, they had to complete all the professional courses in ways of classroom teaching within the hospital Monday through Thursday, and they had to work in the hospital on Friday as interns; in their spare timc(in the mid day or evening) , they were organized to pay visits to every clinical departments for field learning as