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Sample records for surgical incisions retrospective

  1. Prime incision: A minimally invasive approach to breast cancer surgical treatment-A 2 cohort retrospective comparison with conventional breast conserving surgery.

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    Silvio Eduardo Bromberg

    Full Text Available The prime incision technique is an oncoplastic surgery aimed to remove both the breast tumor and the sentinel lymph node through one incision, thus providing better aesthetic results than the conventional breast conservative two incision technique. We retrospectively evaluated 2 cohorts of 60 consecutive breast cancer patients operated by either conventional breast conservative surgery (N = 26 or one incision surgery (N = 34. There were no recurrence or death events observed in any group. No difference was seen regarding the incidence of surgical complications. In the prime incision group the breast volume removed was significantly lower than in the conventional surgery group as well as was the surgical time and the number of dissected lymph nodes. Aesthetical results were better in the one incision group. Further prospective studies are needed to validate the one incision technique as a surgical option for selected early stage breast cancer patients.

  2. Scar endometrioma following obstetric surgical incisions: retrospective study on 33 cases and review of the literature

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    Guilherme Karam Corrêa Leite

    Full Text Available CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: The incidence of scar endometrioma ranges from 0.03 to 3.5%. Certain factors relating to knowledge of the clinical history of the disease make correct diagnosis and treatment difficult. The aim here was to identify the clinical pattern of the disease and show surgical results. The literature on this topic was reviewed. DESIGN AND SETTING: Retrospective descriptive study at Hospital Municipal Maternidade - Escola Dr. Mário de Moraes Altenfelder Silva. METHODS: Data from the medical records of patients with preoperative diagnoses of scar endometrioma who underwent operations between 2001 and 2007 were surveyed and reviewed. The postoperative diagnosis came from histopathological analysis. The main information surveyed was age, obstetric antecedents, symptoms, tumor location, size and palpation, duration of complaint, diagnosis and treatment. All patients underwent tumor excision with a safety margin. RESULTS: There were 33 patients, of mean age 30.1 ± 5.0 years (range: 18-41 years. The total incidence was 0.11%: 0.29% in cesarean sections and 0.01% in vaginal deliveries. Twenty-nine tumors (87.9% were located in cesarean scars, two (6.0% in episiotomy scars and two (6.0% in the umbilical region. The main symptom was localized cyclical pain (66.7%, of mean duration 30.5 months (± 23. Surgical treatment was successful in all cases. CONCLUSION: This is an uncommon disease. The most important diagnostic characteristic is coincidence of painful symptoms with menstruation. Patients undergoing cesarean section are at greatest risk: relative risk of 27.37 (P < 0.01. The surgical treatment of choice is excision of the endometrioma with a safety margin.

  3. Right Kocher’s incision: a feasible and effective incision for right hemicolectomy: a retrospective study

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    Theodosopoulos Theodosios

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The choice of surgical incision is determined by access to the surgical field, particularly when an oncological resection is required. Special consideration is also given to other factors, such as postoperative pain and its sequelae, fewer complications in the early postoperative period and a lower occurrence of incisional hernias. The purpose of this study is to compare the right Kocher’s and the midline incision, for patients undergoing right hemicolectomy, by focusing on short- and longterm results. Methods Between 1995 and 2009, hospital records for 213 patients that had undergone a right hemicolectomy for a right- sided adenocarcinoma were retrospectively studied. 113 patients had been operated via a Kocher’s and 100 via a midline incision. Demographic details, operative data (explorative access to the peritoneal cavity, time of operation, recovery parameters (time with IV analgesic medication, time to first oral fluid intake, time to first solid meal, time to discharge, and oncological parameters (lymph node harvest, TNM stage and resection margins were analyzed. Postoperative complications were also recorded. The two groups were retrospectively well matched with respect to demographic parameters and oncological status of the tumor. Results The median length of the midline incision was slightly longer (12 vs. 10 cm, p  Conclusions The Kocher’s incision approach for right- sided colon cancer is technically feasible, safe and overall very well tolerated. It can achieve the same standards of tumor resection and surgical field accessibility as the midline approach, while reducing postoperative recovery.

  4. Minimizing surgical skin incision scars with a latex surgical glove.

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    Han, So-Eun; Ryoo, Suk-Tae; Lim, So Young; Pyon, Jai-Kyung; Bang, Sa-Ik; Oh, Kap-Sung; Mun, Goo-Hyun

    2013-04-01

    The current trend in minimally invasive surgery is to make a small surgical incision. However, the excessive tensile stress applied by the retractors to the skin surrounding the incision often results in a long wound healing time and extensive scarring. To minimize these types of wound problems, the authors evaluated a simple and cost-effective method to minimize surgical incision scars based on the use of a latex surgical glove. The tunnel-shaped part of a powder-free latex surgical glove was applied to the incision and the dissection plane. It was fixed to the full layer of the dissection plane with sutures. The glove on the skin surface then was sealed with Ioban (3 M Health Care, St. Paul, MN, USA) to prevent movement. The operation proceeded as usual, with the retractor running through the tunnel of the latex glove. It was possible to complete the operation without any disturbance of the visual field by the surgical glove, and the glove was neither torn nor separated by the retractors. The retractors caused traction and friction during the operation, but the extent of damage to the postoperative skin incision margin was remarkably less than when the operation was performed without a glove. This simple and cost-effective method is based on the use of a latex surgical glove to protect the surgical skin incision site and improve the appearance of the postoperative scar. This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors www.springer.com/00266 .

  5. Comparison of surgically induced astigmatism in various incisions in manual small incision cataract surgery

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    Nidhi Jauhari

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available AIM:To determine the surgically induced astigmatism (SIA in Straight, Frown and Inverted V shape (Chevron incisions in manual small incision cataract surgery (SICS.METHODS:A prospective cross sectional study was done on a total of 75 patients aged 40y and above with senile cataract. The patients were randomly divided into three groups (25 each. Each group received a particular type of incision (Straight, Frown or Inverted V shape incisions. Manual SICS with intraocular lens (IOL implantation was performed. The patients were compared 4wk post operatively for uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA, best corrected visual acuity (BCVA and SIA. All calculations were performed using the SIA calculator version 2.1, a free software program. The study was analyzed using SPSS version 15.0 statistical analysis software.RESULTS:The study found that 89.5% of patients in Straight incision group, 94.2% in Frown incision group and 95.7% in Inverted V group attained BCVA post-operatively in the range of 6/6 to 6/18. Mean SIA was minimum (-0.88±0.61D×90 degrees with Inverted V incision which was statistically significant.CONCLUSION:Inverted V (Chevron incision gives minimal SIA.

  6. Regression analysis of controllable factors of surgical incision complications in closed calcaneal fractures

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    Kai Wu

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: In surgeries of closed calcaneal fractures, the lateral L-shaped incision is usually adopted. Undesirable post-operative healing of the incision is a common complication. In this retrospective study, controllable risk factors of incision complications after closed calcaneal fracture surgery through a lateral L-shaped incision are discussed and the effectiveness of clinical intervention is assessed. Materials and Methods: A review of medical records was conducted of 209 patients (239 calcaneal fractures surgically treated from June 2005 to October 2012. Univariate analyses were performed of seven controllable factors that might influence complications associated with the surgical incision. Binomial multiple logistic regression analysis was performed to determine factors of statistical significance. Results: Twenty-one fractures (8.79% involved surgical incision complications, including 8 (3.35% cases of wound dehiscence, 7 (2.93% of flap margin necrosis, 5 (2.09% of hematoma, and 1 (0.42% of osteomyelitis. Five factors were statistically significant : t0 he time from injury to surgery, operative duration, post-operative drainage, retraction of skin flap, bone grafting, and patients′ smoking habits. The results of multivariate analyses showed that surgeries performed within 7 days after fracture, operative time > 1.5 h, no drainage after surgery, static skin distraction, and patient smoking were risk factors for calcaneal incision complications. The post-operative duration of antibiotics and bone grafting made no significant difference. Conclusion: Complications after calcaneal surgeries may be reduced by postponing the surgery at least 7 days after fracture, shortening the time in surgery, implementing post-operative drainage, retracting skin flaps gently and for as short a time as possible, and prohibiting smoking.

  7. Single Incision Distal Biceps Repair With Hemi-Krackow Suture Technique: Surgical Technique and Early Outcomes

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    Goljan, Peter; Patel, Nimit; Stull, Justin D.; Donnelly, Brandon P.; Culp, Randall W.

    2016-01-01

    Background: Many surgical methods exist for distal biceps repair. We present the technique and early outcomes of a series of distal biceps repairs completed with a novel suturing technique utilizing a hemi-Krackow locking stitch at the tendon-bone interface. Methods: A retrospective review was performed of patients who underwent primary distal biceps repair using a single anterior incision with 2 suture anchors utilizing a hemi-Krackow stitch. With both anchors, a locking stitch along the ten...

  8. Pressure Irrigation of Surgical Incisions and Traumatic Wounds.

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    Fry, Donald E

    Pressure irrigation of surgical incisions and traumatic wounds is commonly used to prevent infections. Commercial pressure irrigation devices have proliferated rapidly, but scientific validation of clinical benefit or appropriate use remains uncertain. The published experimental and clinical investigations of pressure irrigation have been reviewed since the introduction of the Waterpik device in 1967 to identify the evidence for use to prevent soft tissue infections associated with injury wounds or surgical incisions. The published literature favors low pressure irrigation between 5-15 pounds/square inch (psi) for experimental removal of bacteria from contaminated tissues, with pressures higher being associated with soft tissue and bone injury. No experimental or clinical data have demonstrated improved benefit from pulsed over continuous lavage. Clinical studies have been very heterogeneous in patient populations and study design; meta-analysis was not feasible. High-risk abdominal operations may have lower surgical site infection rates with pressure irrigation. Pressure irrigation in fractures and joint replacement surgery has shown mixed results. The largest multi-center randomized trial showed no benefit of pulsed (8-10 psi) lavage over conventional continuous gravity irrigation of open fractures. Experimental studies have shown effective removal of bacteria and contamination, but with a potential risk of tissue injury or displacement of contamination deeper into the soft tissues. Rigorous clinical documentation has not validated the optimum flow or pressure characteristics of pressure lavage in clinical practice. There is need for randomized clinical trials to validate pressure lavage in the prevention of infections in soft tissue injuries or high-risk surgical incisions.

  9. Closed-incision negative-pressure therapy in high-risk general surgery patients following laparotomy: a retrospective study.

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    Zaidi, A; El-Masry, S

    2017-03-01

    Surgical site infection (SSI) and wound dehiscence are dreaded complications following laparotomy in general surgical patients, and can potentially occur more often in various comorbid states. Negative-pressure wound therapy (NPWT) has a positive effect of on open and complicated wounds and so has been used for at-risk surgical incisions with the aim of redistributing lateral tension and holding incision edges together. The aim of the present study was to compare the rate of wound complications following laparotomy in high-risk general surgical patients with a clean incision treated with closed-incision negative-pressure therapy (ciNPT) with those receiving conventional care. A retrospective review was performed of the hospital medical records of patients who underwent laparotomy between 1 October 2010 and 31 March 2012. Records of 69 patients who received ciNPT and 112 who were managed by adherent gauze dressings were included in the final analysis. Two (2.9%) patients in the ciNPT group and 23 (20.5%) in the non-NPWT group developed a wound complication following laparotomy (P surgery patients considered to have risk of developing wound complications following laparotomy. © 2016 The Authors. Colorectal Disease published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland.

  10. Meta-analysis of the effectiveness of surgical scalpel or diathermy in making abdominal skin incisions.

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    Ahmad, Nasir Zaheer

    2012-02-01

    BACKGROUND: Surgical scalpels are traditionally used to make skin incisions. Diathermy incisions on contrary are less popular among the surgeons. The aim of this meta-analysis was to compare the effectiveness of both techniques and address the common fallacies about diathermy incisions. METHODS: A literature search of MEDLINE and Cochrane databases was done, using the keywords diathermy, cold scalpel, and incisions. Eleven clinical trials comparing both methods of making skin incisions were selected for meta-analysis. The end points compared included postoperative wound infection, pain in first 24 hours after surgery, time taken to complete the incisions, and incision-related blood loss. RESULTS: Postoperative wound infection rate was comparable in both techniques (P = 0.147, odds ratio = 1.257 and 95% CI = 0.923-1.711). Postoperative pain was significantly less with diathermy incisions in first 24 hours (P = 0.031, weighted mean difference = 0.852 and 95% CI = 0.076-1.628). Similarly, the time taken to complete the incision and incision-related blood loss was significantly less with diathermy incisions (95% CI = 0.245-0.502 and 0.548-1.020, respectively). CONCLUSION: Diathermy incisions are equally prone to get wound infection, as do the incisions made with scalpel. Furthermore, lower incidence of early postoperative pain, swiftness of the technique, and a reduced blood loss are the encouraging facts supporting routine use of diathermy for abdominal skin incisions after taking careful precautions.

  11. [History of surgical instruments. 9. Surgical instruments and development of surgical technique of lithotomy incision].

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    Sachs, M; Peters, J

    1999-01-01

    Lithotomy, i.e. the surgical method of cutting for stone in the bladder, belongs to the oldest and, due to the high risk, most notorious operating techniques. Records of stone-cuttings date as far back as Ancient Greece. The first detailed description of the procedure and instrumentation of lithotomy is to be found by Celsus (1. century AD). The patient in the lithotomy position, the neck of the bladder is approached by a median incision of the perineum. Celsus is also the first to mention special stone-hooking instruments ("uncus") to aid in extracting the bladder-stones. Medico-historical development lead to constant changes in the technique as well as in the instrumentation, since the lack of analgesia and anaesthesia necessitated quick operations of only a few minutes. A key step in the progress of operation was the introduction of so-called path-finders and directing probes in the 16th century. The opening of the bladder from the perineal incision was now accompanied by the simultaneous admission of a metal catheter into the bladder via urethra, thus providing the "Lithotomist", through manual control of the catheter, with an enhanced orientation towards the position of urethra and bladder. At that time, the dissection was conducted bluntly and without direct view of the situation, i.e. without an exact representation of the structures to be separated. Thanks to the improved instrumentation, the instruments could now be guided along a probe directly into the bladder, thus alleviating the tedious search for the opening after changing instruments, all the while with an agitated, pressing patient. Famous names in the development of the lithotomy with an perineal incision are the medical doctor Mariano Santo (around 1488-1564), the barber-surgeon Frère Jacques de Beaulieu (1651-1719) and later Johann Jakob Rau M.D. (1668-1719). Only later, to avoid injury to the perineum, the suprasymphyseal approach ("Sectio alta") was adopted (primarily by Pierre Franco 1556

  12. De Qeurvian Tenosynovitis: Clinical Outcomes of Surgical Treatment with Longitudinal and Transverse Incision

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    Arefah Dehghani Tafti

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available AbstractObjectives: De Quervain disease is a mechanical tenosynovitis due to inadequacy volume between abductor pollicis longus, extensor pollicis brevis and their tunnel. Treatment methods include immobilization, steroid injections, and operation. For the first time Fritz De Quervain described surgical treatment of this disease. Since then, various ways of treatment have been reported. The purpose of this study is to compare the clinical outcomes of a longitudinal incision with a transverse incision in De Quervain disease.Methods: This was a randomized controlled clinical trial conducted in three hospitals in Iran, Yazd from March 2003 to September 2008. One hundred-twenty patients with De Quervain disease who did not respond to conservative treatment were operated with two different incisions. The patients were followed for three months to compare the surgical outcomes.Results: During a three month follow-up, a significant difference was shown between the two methods (p=0.03. Results of surgical treatment with longitudinal incision were excellent (only 5 hypertrophic scars, but there were 13 postoperative complaints with transverse incision.Conclusion: According to our findings, longitudinal incision in surgical treatment of De Quervain disease is better than transverse incision.

  13. Evaluation of four suture materials for surgical incision closure in Siberian sturgeon

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    Boone, S. Shaun; Hernandez, Sonia M.; Camus, Alvin C.; Peterson, Douglas C.; Jennings, Cecil A.; Shelton, James L.; Divers, Stephen J.

    2015-01-01

    The visual and microscopic tissue reactions to the absorbable monofilament Monocryl, absorbable monofilament triclosan-coated Monocryl-Plus, absorbable multifilament Vicryl, and nonabsorbable monofilament Prolene were evaluated for their use of surgical closure in Siberian Sturgeon Acipenser baerii. Postoperative assessments were conducted at 1, 2, 8, 12, and 26 and 55 weeks to visually evaluate the surgical incision for suture retention, incision healing, erythema, and swelling. Incisions were also assessed microscopically at 1, 2, and 8 weeks for necrosis, inflammation, hemorrhage, and fibroplasia. The results indicated that incisions closed with either Vicryl or Prolene suture materials were more likely to exhibit more erythema or incomplete healing compared with those closed with Monocryl or Monocryl-Plus. The surgical implantation of a transmitter in the coelomic cavity did not significantly affect the response variables among the four suture materials. Monocryl or Monocryl-Plus were equally effective and superior to other suture materials used for closing surgical incisions in Siberian Sturgeon or closely related species of sturgeon. Furthermore, Monocryl or Monocryl-Plus may decrease the risk of transmitter expulsion through the incision, as surgical wounds appear to heal faster and exhibit less erythema compared with those closed with Vicryl.

  14. Surgical incision can alter capsaicin-induced central sensitization in rat brainstem nociceptive neurons.

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    Lam, D K; Sessle, B J; Hu, J W

    2008-10-15

    Surgical trauma can affect spinal neuronal excitability, but there have been no studies of the effects of surgical cutaneous injury on central nociceptive processing of deep afferent inputs evoked by noxious stimuli such as capsaicin. Thus our aim was to test the effect of surgical cutaneous incision in influencing central sensitization induced by capsaicin injection into the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). The activity of single nociceptive neurons activated by noxious mechanical stimulation of the TMJ was recorded in the trigeminal subnucleus caudalis/upper cervical cord of halothane-anesthetized rats. The cutaneous mechanoreceptive field (RF), cutaneous mechanical activation threshold (MAT) and TMJ MAT of neurons before and after both surgical cutaneous incision alone and capsaicin injection were compared with results of incision and lidocaine pretreatment of the facial skin overlying the TMJ and capsaicin injection into the TMJ. Incision itself induced a barrage of neuronal spikes and excitability increases reflecting central sensitization (cutaneous RF expansion, cutaneous MAT reduction) in most neurons tested whereas lidocaine pretreatment significantly attenuated the barrage and central sensitization. Capsaicin injection into the TMJ induced cutaneous RF expansion, cutaneous MAT reduction and TMJ MAT reduction following lidocaine pretreatment of the cutaneous incision site whereas capsaicin injection following incision alone not only failed to induce further central sensitization but also decreased the existing incision-induced central sensitization (no cutaneous RF expansion, increased cutaneous MAT and TMJ MAT) in most neurons tested. These findings suggest that central sensitization induced by capsaicin alone or by cutaneous incision alone can readily occur in TMJ-responsive nociceptive neurons and that following incision-induced excitability increases, capsaicin may result in a temporary suppression of nociceptive neuronal changes reflecting central

  15. Uptake of gallium-67 citrate in clean surgical incisions after colorectal surgery

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lin Wanyu; Wang Shyhjen; Tsai Shihchuan; Chao Tehsin

    2001-01-01

    Non-specific accumulation of gallium-67 citrate (gallium) in uncomplicated surgical incisions is not uncommon. It is important to know the normal pattern of gallium uptake at surgical incision sites in order to properly interpret the gallium scan when investigating possible wound infection in patients who have undergone abdominal surgery. We studied 42 patients without wound infection after colorectal surgery and performed gallium scans within 40 days after surgery. Patients were divided into three groups according to the interval between the operation and the scan. In group A (26 patients) gallium scan was performed within 7 days after surgery, in group B (8 patients) between 8 and 14 days after surgery, and in group C (8 patients) between 15 and 40 days after surgery. Our data showed that in group A, 61.5% had gallium accumulation at the surgical incision site. In group B, 50% had accumulation of gallium at the surgical incision site, while in group C only one patient (12.5%) showed gallium uptake. It is concluded that the incidence of increased gallium uptake at clean surgical incision sites is high after colorectal surgery. Nuclear medicine physicians should bear in mind the high incidence of non-specific gallium uptake at such sites during the interpretation of possible wound infection in patients after colorectal surgery. (orig.)

  16. Modified Risdon approach using periangular incision in surgical treatment of subcondylar mandibular fractures

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    Nikolić Živorad S.

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. No consensus has been reached yet on the surgical approach for treatment of condylar fractures. Objective. The aim of this study was to present modified Risdon approach (without facial nerve identification in the treatment of subcondylar mandibular fractures. Method. This is a retrospective study of a period 2005-2012. During this seven-year period, 25 condylar mandibular fractures in 22 men and three women (19-68 years old were treated by modified Risdon approach without identifying the facial nerve. The main inclusion criterion was subcondylar fracture according to Lindahl classification. Results. No additional morbidity related to postoperative complications, such as infection or salivary fistula, was observed in this series. Only two (8% patients developed temporary weakness of the marginal branch of the facial nerve, which resolved six weeks postoperatively. Each patient achieved good mouth opening postoperatively. Scar was camouflaged in the first cervical wrinkle. Two patients developed temporomandibular joint dysfunction. No patient had postoperative occlusal disturbance. In all of the patients good aesthetic result was achieved in a two-year follow-up. Conclusion. In comparison with techniques described in the literature, the main advantages of the modified Risdon approach are the following: no need for facial vessels identification; direct, fast, and safe approach to mandibular angle and subcondylar region; relatively simple surgical technique and good cosmetic result - due to aesthetically placed incision. This approach could be recommended for subcondylar fracture as a simplified and safe procedure. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 175075

  17. Distinction of infected and non-infected post-surgical incisions with In-111-WBC scintigraphy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Abdel-Nabi, H.; Hinkle, G.H.; Olsen, J.O.

    1985-01-01

    To determine if In-111-WBCs scintigraphy can distinguish between healing and infection in post-surgical wounds, a prospective study was performed in patients with 3-14 day old surgical incisions. Eighteen patients (11 males and 7 females) were scanned 24 hrs after injection of 0.5 mCi of In-111 labeled autologous leukocytes. The scan findings were correlated with blood and/wound cultures results and diagnosis at time of discharge. Incisional uptake of In-111-WBCs was noted in 9 patients with infected surgical wounds and was absent in those 9 patients with non-infected surgical wounds. The results of the authors' study show that In-111-WBCs do not accumulate in non-infected surgical incisions. This confirms their previous findings in rats. The high specificity of In-111 leukocytes imaging makes it a valuable study in the evaluation of post-operative patients with suspected surgical wound infections. In-111 WBCs scintigraphy can distinguish between normal healing and infection at the site of recent (3-14 days) surgical incisions

  18. Cutting electrocautery versus scalpel for surgical incisions: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

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    Ismail, Ammar; Abushouk, Abdelrahman Ibrahim; Elmaraezy, Ahmed; Menshawy, Amr; Menshawy, Esraa; Ismail, Mahmoud; Samir, Esraa; Khaled, Anas; Zakarya, Hagar; El-Tonoby, Abdelrahman; Ghanem, Esraa

    2017-12-01

    Although cutting electrocautery can be superior to the scalpel in reducing blood loss and incisional time, several reports associated electrocautery with higher rates of wound infection, impaired healing, and worse cosmesis. We performed this systematic review and meta-analysis to compare cutting electrocautery versus scalpel for surgical incisions. We conducted a computerized literature search of five electronic databases and included all published original studies comparing cutting electrocautery and scalpel surgical incisions. Relevant data were extracted from eligible studies and pooled as odds ratios (ORs) or standardized mean difference (SMD) values in a meta-analysis model, using RevMan and Comprehensive Meta-analysis software. Forty-one studies (36 randomized trials, four observational, and one quasirandom study) were included in the pooled analysis (6422 participants). Compared with the scalpel incision, cutting electrocautery resulted in significantly less blood loss (SMD = -1.16, 95% CI [-1.60 to -0.72]), shorter incisional (SMD = -0.63, 95% CI [-0.96 to -0.29]) and operative times (SMD = -0.59, 95% CI [-1.12 to -0.05]), and lower pain scores (SMD = -0.91, 95% CI [-1.27 to -0.55]) with no significant differences in terms of wound infection rates (OR = 0.92, 95% CI [0.74-1.15]) or overall subjective scar score (SMD = -0.49, 95% CI [-1.72 to 0.75]). Surgical incision using electrocautery can be quicker with less blood loss and postoperative pain scores than the scalpel incision. No statistically significant difference was found between both techniques in terms of postoperative wound complications, hospital stay duration, and wound cosmetic characteristics. Therefore, we recommend routine use of cutting electrocautery for surgical incisions. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  19. Surgical management of stage I and II vulvar cancer:The role of the separated incision

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    Andrijono Andrijono

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available Vulvar cancer is a gynecological cancer whose incidence rate is relatively low. Patients generally were admitted at advanced stage, and radiation therapy at advanced stage does not provide favorable prognosis. Two main modalities in the treatment of vulvar cancer are surgery and radiation therapy. However, radiation can be performed in early stage vulvar cancer but surgery is thought to have more benefits, such as in side effect on the ovary/ reproductive function disorder, patient's hygiene factor, and the ease in performing therapy if recurrence occurs. There are various techniques of vulvar cancer surgery, such as radical vulvectomy with butterfly incision (RVBI and radical vulvectomy with separated incision (RVSI. The objective of this study was to identify the benefits of radical vulvectomy with separated incision in comparison with radical vulvectomy with butterfly incision in terms of the length of surgery, wound recovery, infection incidence, length of hospital stay. This study was a clinical trial performed during the period of 1990-2000. Fifteen cases of vulvar cancer were found and underwent surgery. Fourteen cases were at stage II and 14 cases were histologically defined as squamous-cell carcinoma and 1 case was adenocarcinoma. The average length of surgery in RVSI was 168 minutes, this was shorter than that in VRBI which reached an average of 275 minutes. The incidence of infection in RVSI group was 3 of 11 cases (27.27%, while in RVBI group all cases had infection in surgical wound. Failure of surgical wound approximation was 1 of 12 cases (9.99%, while in RVBI all cases experienced the failure such that cosmetic surgery was required. Length of postoperative care in RVSI group was 12.3 days, while in RVBI 21.5 days. Thus, complications in VRBI were lower, and length of surgery and length of postoperative care were shorter. (Med J Indones 2003; 12: 103-8 Keywords: vulvar cancer, separated incision

  20. Single-incision versus conventional laparoscopic appendectomy in 688 patients: a retrospective comparative analysis

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    Liang, Hung-Hua; Hung, Chin-Sheng; Wang, Weu; Tam, Ka-Wai; Chang, Chun-Chao; Liu, Hui-Hsiung; Yen, Ko-Li; Wei, Po-Li

    2014-01-01

    Background Laparoscopic surgery has become the standard for treating appendicitis. The cosmetic benefits of using single-incision laparoscopy are well known, but its duration, complications and time to recovery have not been well documented. We compared 2 laparoscopic approaches for treating appendicitis and evaluated postoperative pain, complications and time to full recovery. Methods We retrospectively reviewed the cases of consecutive patients with appendicitis and compared those who underwent conventional laparoscopic appendectomy (CLA) performed using 3 incisions and those who underwent single-incision laparoscopic appendectomy (SILA). During SILA, the single port was prepared to increase visibility of the operative site. Results Our analysis included 688 consecutive patients: 618 who underwent CLA and 70 who underwent SILA. Postsurgical complications occurred more frequently in the CLA than the SILA group (18.1% v. 7.1%, p = 0.018). Patients who underwent SILA returned to oral feeding sooner than those who underwent CLA (median 12 h v. 22 h, p cosmetic advantages, SILA led to rapid recovery and no increase in postsurgical pain or complications. PMID:24869622

  1. Surgical site wound infection in relation to antibiotic prophylaxis given before skin incision and after cord clamping during cesarean delivery.

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    Shrestha, B; Marhatha, R; Giri, A; Jaisi, S; Maskey, U

    2014-12-01

    Surgical site infection is one of the most common complications following Lower Segment Cesarean Section, which accounts for prolonged hospital stay thereby increasing expense. Prophylactic antibiotics in cesarean section reduces surgical site infection significantly. The best protection is provided when tissue level of antibiotics are adequate before incision, without prejudice to neonatal infectious morbidity. The objective of this study was to compare the incidence of surgical site wound infection with prophylactic antibiotics given before skin incision and after cord clamping following delivery of baby. This was a prospective, hospital based study, in which hundred cases of cesarean deliveries who received antibiotics prophylaxis one hour before the skin incision were compared with another 100 cases where antibiotic was given after cord clamping following delivery of the baby. Surgical site infection occurred in 3% of women who received antibiotics prophylaxis before skin incision as compared to 6% in whom antibiotic was given after cord clamping. It was statistically not significant (p = 0.465).

  2. Comparison of short-term outcomes between laparoscopically-assisted vs. transverse-incision open right hemicolectomy for right-sided colon cancer: a retrospective study

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    Akaraviputh Thawatchai

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Laparoscopically-assisted right hemicolectomy (LRH is an acceptable alternative to open surgery for right-sided colon cancer which offers patients less pain and faster recovery. However, special equipment and substantial surgical experience are required. The aim of the study is to compare the short-term surgical outcomes of LRH and open right hemicolectomy through right transverse skin crease incision (ORHT for right-sided colon cancer. Patients and methods This retrospective study included 33 patients with right-sided colon cancer who underwent elective right hemicolectomy by laparoscopic or open approaches through right transverse skin crease incision between March 2004 and September 2006 at the Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital. Operative details, postoperative requirement of narcotics, recovery of bowel function, and oncological parameters were analyzed. Results Thirteen patients underwent LRH and 20 patients underwent ORHT. Both approaches achieved adequate oncological resection of the tumor. The laparoscopic group were characterized by shorter average incision lengths (7.7 vs 10.3 cm; p Conclusion LRH and ORHT for right-sided colon cancer resulted in the same short-term surgical outcomes including postoperative bowel function, narcotics consumption and length of hospital stay. However, LRH required a significantly longer operating time.

  3. Intra-Operative Surgical Irrigation of the Surgical Incision: What Does the Future Hold-Saline, Antibiotic Agents, or Antiseptic Agents?

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    Edmiston, Charles E; Leaper, David J

    2016-12-01

    Intra-operative surgical site irrigation (lavage) is common practice in surgical procedures in general, with all disciplines advocating some form of irrigation before incision closure. This practice, however, has been neither standardized nor is there compelling evidence that it effectively reduces the risk of surgical site infection (SSI). This narrative review addresses the laboratory and clinical evidence that is available to support the practice of irrigation of the abdominal cavity and superficial/deep incisional tissues, using specific irrigation solutions at the end of an operative procedure to reduce the microbial burden at wound closure. Review of PubMed and OVID for pertinent, scientific, and clinical publications in the English language was performed. Incision irrigation was found to afford a three-fold benefit: First, to hydrate the bed; second, to assist in allowing better examination of the area immediately before closure; and finally, by removing superficial and deep incisional contamination and lowering the bioburden, expedite the healing process. The clinical practice of intra-operative peritoneal lavage is highly variable and is dependent solely on surgeon preference. By contrast, intra-operative irrigation after device-related procedures has become a standard of care for the prophylaxis of acute peri-prosthetic infection. The clinical evidence that supports the use of antibiotic irrigation is limited and based on retrospective analysis and few acceptable randomized controlled trials. The results of laboratory and animal studies using aqueous 0.05% chlorhexidine gluconate are favorable, suggesting that further studies are justified to determine its clinical efficacy. The adoption of appropriate and standardized intra-operative irrigation practices into peri-operative care bundles, which include other evidence-based strategies (weight-based antimicrobial prophylaxis, antimicrobial sutures, maintenance of normothermia, and glycemic control), offers

  4. Treatment of bilateral mammary ptosis and pectus excavatum through the same incision in one surgical stage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Passos Rocha

    Full Text Available CONTEXT: Congenital deformities of the anterior thoracic wall are characterized by unusual development of the costal cartilages. All these medical conditions are frequently associated with a variety of breast deformities. Several surgical techniques have been described for correcting them, going from sternochondroplasty to, nowadays, minimally invasive techniques and silicone prosthesis implantation. CASE REPORT: The present article reports the case of a young female patient who presented bilateral mammary ptosis and moderate pectus excavatum that caused a protrusion between the eighth and the tenth ribs and consequent esthetic disharmony. The proposed surgical treatment included not only subglandular breast implants of polyurethane, but also resection of part of the rib cartilage and a bone segment from the eighth, ninth and tenth ribs by means of a single submammary incision in order to make the scar minimally visible. Correction through a single incision benefited the patient and provided an excellent esthetic result. CONCLUSIONS: The techniques used to repair bilateral mammary ptosis and pectus excavatum by plastic and thoracic surgery teams, respectively, have been shown to be efficient for correcting both deformities. An excellent esthetic and functional result was obtained, with consequent reestablishment of the patient's self-esteem.

  5. Effectiveness of negative pressure wound therapy/closed incision management in the prevention of post-surgical wound complications: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sandy-Hodgetts, Kylie; Watts, Robin

    2015-01-01

    The treatment of post-surgical wound complications, such as surgical site infections and surgical wound dehiscence, generates a significant burden for patients and healthcare systems. The effectiveness of negative pressure wound therapy has been under investigation but to date no systematic review has been published in relation to its effectiveness in the prevention of surgical wound complications. To identify the effectiveness of negative pressure wound therapy in the prevention of post-surgical wound complications in adults with a closed surgical incision compared to standard surgical dressings. Male and female adults who have had negative pressure wound therapy applied to their surgical incision following a procedure in one of the following areas: trauma, cardiothoracic, orthopedic, abdominal, or vascular surgery.The intervention of interest was the use of negative pressure wound therapy directly over an incision following a surgical procedure; the comparator was standard surgical dressings.Both experimental and epidemiological study designs, including randomized controlled trials, pseudo-randomized trials, quasi-experimental studies, before and after studies, prospective and retrospective cohort studies, case control studies, and analytical cross sectional studies were sought.The primary outcome was the occurrence of post-surgical wound infection or dehiscence as measured by the following: surgical site infections - superficial and deep; surgical wound dehiscence; wound pain; wound seroma; wound hematoma. Published and unpublished studies in English from 1990 to 2013 were identified by searching a variety of electronic databases. Reference lists of all papers selected for retrieval were then searched for additional studies. Papers selected for retrieval were assessed by two independent reviewers for methodological validity prior to inclusion in the review using standardized critical appraisal instruments from the Joanna Briggs Institute Meta-Analysis of

  6. Comparative healing of surgical incisions created by the PEAK PlasmaBlade, conventional electrosurgery, and a scalpel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loh, Shang A; Carlson, Grace A; Chang, Edward I; Huang, Eric; Palanker, Daniel; Gurtner, Geoffrey C

    2009-12-01

    The PEAK PlasmaBlade is a new electrosurgical device that uses pulsed radiofrequency to generate a plasma-mediated discharge along the exposed rim of an insulated blade, creating an effective cutting edge while the blade stays near body temperature. Full-thickness incisions were made on the dorsums of pigs with the PlasmaBlade, a conventional electrosurgical device, and a scalpel, and blood loss was quantified. Wounds were harvested at designated time points, tested for wound tensile strength, and examined histologically for scar formation and tissue damage. Bleeding was reduced significantly (59 percent) in PlasmaBlade incisions compared with scalpel incisions, and acute thermal damage from the PlasmaBlade (66 +/- 5 microm) was significantly less than both cut and coagulation mode electrosurgical incisions (456 +/- 35 microm and 615 +/- 22 microm, respectively). Histologic scoring for injury and wound strength was equivalent between the PlasmaBlade and scalpel incisions. By 6 weeks, the healed PlasmaBlade and scalpel incisions were approximately three times stronger, and scar cosmetic appearance was significantly better compared with electrosurgical incisions. The PlasmaBlade is a promising new surgical instrument that provides atraumatic, scalpel-like cutting precision and electrosurgical-like hemostasis, resulting in minimal bleeding, tissue injury, and scar formation.

  7. A step-by-step oncoplastic breast conservation surgical atlas of reproducible dissection techniques and anatomically ideal incision placement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitchell, Sunny D

    2017-10-01

    To develop an atlas for oncoplastic surgery (OPS) with template dissection techniques via anatomically ideal incisions for breast conservation surgery. The evolution of breast conservation techniques has evolved from placing an incision directly over the lesion to the incorporation of a thoughtful decision making process utilizing oncoplastic surgical (OPS) techniques to combining OPS with incision placement in anatomically advantageous sites. The high survival rates of breast cancer and effect of breast surgery on quality of life reinforce emphasis of optimal oncologic as well as aesthetic outcome. OPS results in greater patient satisfaction, fewer surgeries, and is oncologically safe. Today's breast surgeon is tasked with optimizing both oncologic and aesthetic outcomes. Presentation of reproducible dissection techniques and incision placement strategies to afford surgeons a step-by-step approach of OPS via anatomically ideal incisions in breast conservation surgery. Demonstration of reproducible techniques to facilitate the decision making process of optimal breast conservation surgery, eliminate knowledge gaps for surgeons, optimize outcome for individuals undergoing breast conservation surgery, and decrease disparity of care. Adoption of OPS techniques utilizing an anatomically ideal incision in breast conservation surgery is a feasible and reproducible practice for breast surgeons. Application of these techniques results in maintained optimal shape, size, and contour without the typical overlying skin envelope scars. OPS techniques performed under the skin envelope result in expected OPS oncologic and aesthetic outcomes with the addition of the resulting scar(s) in anatomically discrete position(s).

  8. Influence of ocular features and incision width on surgically induced astigmatism after cataract surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Shu-Wen; Su, Tai-Yuan; Chen, Yao-Lin

    2015-02-01

    To identify factors associated with surgically induced astigmatism (SIA) following phacoemulsification. Six hundred five eyes underwent phacoemulsification with a 2.2-mm (the 2.2-mm group, n = 248) or 2.75-mm (the 2.75-mm group, n = 357) superior limbal incision. Preoperative axial length, anterior chamber depth, corneal curvature, and intra-ocular pressure were measured. Corneal curvature and intraocular pressure were measured at 1 day, 1 week, and 1, 2, and 3 months postoperatively. SIA, corneal flattening, and torque were calculated using the Alpins method. The effect of preoperative corneal astigmatism meridian on SIA was also examined. Differences in SIA between the 2.2- and 2.75-mm groups were explored, and correlations between SIA and preoperative corneal astigmatism, anterior chamber depth, axial length, age, and intraocular pressure were analyzed. SIA, corneal flattening, and torque were smaller in the 2.2-mm group than in the 2.75-mm group at 1 week (P = .003, .006, and .014, respectively), but not statistically different thereafter. Higher preoperative corneal astigmatism, older age, and shallower anterior chamber depth were associated with greater SIA in both groups. The effect of astigmatism meridian on SIA was more noticeable in the 2.75-mm group. Shorter axial length and lower intraocular pressures were associated with greater SIA in the 2.75-mm group but not in the 2.2-mm group. Reducing limbal incision width and considering patient age, the meridian and magnitude of corneal astigmatism, anterior chamber depth, axial length, and intraocular pressure, and adjusting the flattening component of SIA input for toric intraocular lens power calculation could potentially improve the astigmatism control in refractive lens surgery. Copyright 2015, SLACK Incorporated.

  9. Surgical and Functional Results of Hybrid 25-27-Gauge Vitrectomy Combined with Coaxial 2.2 mm Small Incision Cataract Surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Höhn, Fabian; Kretz, Florian; Pavlidis, Mitrofanis

    2016-01-01

    Purpose. To investigate outcomes after coaxial 2.2 mm small incision cataract surgery combined with hybrid 25-27-gauge vitrectomy in eyes with vitreoretinal disease and age-related cataract. Methods. A single-center, retrospective case series study of 55 subjects (55 eyes) with a mean age of 70 years who underwent combined small incision phacoemulsification, intraocular lens (IOL) implantation, and hybrid 25-27-gauge vitrectomy during the 12-month period to December 2014. Intraoperative and postoperative complications and visual results were the main outcome measures. Results. The mean follow-up period was 6 months (range: 2–18 months). Intraoperative findings were 3 retinal breaks (5.5%). No cases required corneal or scleral suture or conversion to larger-gauge vitrectomy. Postoperative complications consisted of posterior capsule opacification (12.7%), elevated intraocular pressure >30 mmHg (1.8%), and fibrin reaction (5.5%). There were no cases of hypotony (gauge vitrectomy combined with small incision phacoemulsification and IOL implantation is feasible, safe, and effective as a one-step surgical procedure for the management of vitreoretinal pathologies and concurrent cataract. PMID:26966558

  10. [Surgical treatment for incisions fat colliquation or infections at early stage after operation of lumbar disc herniation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guan, Ting-Jin; Zheng, Liang-Guo; Sun, Peng; Li, Xing-Xue

    2014-05-01

    To explore the reason, key diagnosic point and therapeutic method of the incisions fat colliquation or infections at early stage after operation of lumbar disc herniation. From July 2007 to May 2012, clinical data of 11 patients with incision fat liquefaction or early infection after lumbar discectomy were retrospectively analyzed. There were 5 males and 6 females with an average age of 43.1 years, and the mean time of incisions fat colliquation or infection was 5 days and a half after operation. The main clinical features included local wound pain aggravating, fervescence, fresh seepage in the wound, and blood inflammatory index increased, etc. The wound could heal at the first treatment stage or not was an evaluation standard of curative effect. All patients were followed up with an average period of 21 months. The wounds of 10 cases healed at the first stage without recurrence and complications. In 1 case infected by staphylococcus aureus, distal part of the wound present local red, swelling and with wave motion at 2 months after operation, staphylococcus aureus infection was confirmed after puncture and bacterial culture, and 1 thrum was found after local incision. The wound healed after change dressings for 1 week, without recurrence after followed up for 13 months. Preventing the risk factors before operation, minimizing invasive technique during operation reasonable antibiotics application for the lumbar operation reguiring placement objects, and correctly handling with wound after operation could prevent and reduce the incidence of incisions fat liquefaction or infection after operation of lumbar disc herniation. For incision fat liquefaction or infection, early diagnosis, debridement, VSD negative pressure irrigation and drainage, to choosing sensitive antibiotics according to the results of drug sensitivity, may contribute to wound early healing and decrease complication.

  11. Clinical and histological comparison of tissue damage and healing following incisions with the CO2-laser and stainless steel surgical blade in dogs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Durante, E J; Kriek, N P

    1993-09-01

    The tissue damage and subsequent healing of skin, linea alba and intestinal wall incisions made with a CO2-laser and a stainless steel surgical blade were evaluated clinically and histologically in dogs (n = 10). The amount of blood lost in each type of skin incision was measured by taking the pre- and postoperative mass of surgical swabs. The tissues were sutured and the skin incisions examined every day. The animals were subsequently euthanased (Day 12) and all incisions examined histologically. A delay in the healing process was observed in the laser incisions of the skin during the first 4 d, but there was no difference in the healing rate of the intestinal wounds or of the linea alba. The blood loss due to the laser incisions was significantly less than that caused by the surgical blade. It was concluded that the CO2-laser can be used with confidence when incising the skin and intestine and that, due to its precision, the surgical blade is by far a more accurate method to incise the linea alba.

  12. Carpal tunnel release with a new mini-incision approach versus a conventional approach, a retrospective cohort study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bai, Jiangbo; Kong, Lingde; Zhao, Hongfang; Yu, Kunlun; Zhang, Bing; Zhang, Jichun; Tian, Dehu

    2018-02-20

    We have make use of a new method to perform carpal tunnel release (CTR) through a 1.5-2.0 cm long incision The aim of this study is to introduce this method and to compare the effectiveness and safety of this approach to the conventional one. We included consecutive patients diagnosed with primary carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) who had CTR from January 2015 to September 2016. A total of 85 patients were included in our study. Among them, 42 patients with mini-incision approach were enrolled in group A, and the other 43 patients with conventional approach were enrolled in group B. Objective tests and subjective evaluations were performed to compare the outcomes of mini-incision approach with the conventional approach. Postoperative complications after the two approaches were also compared. At the 12-months follow-up, all patients in both groups got recovery. We found no significant differences between the two groups in postoperative pinch strength, grip strength, 2-point discrimination (2-PD), visual analogue scale (VAS) score, Levine score and the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) score (P > 0.05). However, at the one-month follow-up, the percentage of patients with wound pain in group A was significantly lower than that in group B (0.05% vs. 0.23%, P = 0.03). At the 12 months follow-up, the number of patients with persistent wound pain and pillar pain in group B were 2 (4.7%) and 3 (7.0%) respectively, while no patients showed wound pain and pillar pain in group A. Patients with mini-incision approach have satisfactory surgical outcomes, low postoperative complications, and good appearance. Copyright © 2018 IJS Publishing Group Ltd. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  13. [Evaluation of the aroreira (Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi) in the healing process of surgical incision in the bladder of rats].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lucena, Periguari Luiz Holanda de; Ribas Filho, Jurandir Marcondes; Mazza, Marcelo; Czeczko, Nicolau Gregori; Dietz, Ulrich Andreas; Correa Neto, Mario Adolfo; Henriques, Gilberto Simeone; Santos, Orlando José dos; Ceschin, Alvaro Pigatto; Thiele, Edilson Schwansee

    2006-01-01

    To evaluate the hydroalcoholic aroeira extract in the healing process of surgical incisions in the bladder of rats in an experimental comparative study. Forty male Wistar rats were used. All of them underwent a median abdominal incision, with an 1cm cystotomy, followed by one plain suture with separated stitches of poliglactine 910 5-0. The animals were then divided into two groups of 20 rats each, and named the aroeira group (GA) and the control group (GC). In the first one, 80% hydro-alcoholic plant extract was injected in the peritoneal cavity, in a one dose of 100mg/kg. The second group, a 0.9% saline solution was injected in place of aroeira extract. Each group was divided into two subgroups (SGA and SGC) of 10 animals. According to their scheduled death, they were named subgroups SGA3 and SGC3 when killed in the 3th day after surgery and subgroups SGA7 and SGC7 in the 7th day. The abdominal cavity and the bladder suture were macroscopically evaluated. The microscopic analysis of the surgical incision in the bladder was performed by means of the hematoxilin-eosine stain and the trichrome of Masson. The macroscopic analysis showed an infection in the surgical incision in three rats of the SGC group and in one of the SGA, and peritoneal adhesion in the 26 rats belonging nine to SGC and 17 in the SGA. The microscopic evaluation revealed a more severe acute inflammation process in the SGC on the 3th (p=0.045) and in the 7th (0=0.002) days. In the SGA, a more significant collagenization (p=0.001) could be seen, as far as the evidence of vascular neoformation (p=0.002) on the 3rd day. Chronic inflammatory reaction (p=0.006) and a more intense vascular neoformation (p=0.001) were observed in the 7th day. The hydroalcoholic aroeira extract had a favorable effect in the healing process of cystotomies done in rats.

  14. Parallel pocket incision: Less invasive surgical intervention for the treatment of intractable pressure ulcer with wound edge undermining.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamamoto, Takumi; Yoshimatsu, Hidehiko; Hayashi, Akitatsu; Koshima, Isao

    2015-10-01

    The treatment of deep pressure ulcer with a wide wound edge undermining (pocket) is challenging, especially when conservative treatments are ineffective. As most patients with a pressure ulcer suffer from systemic comorbidities, invasive surgery cannot be performed on all patients, and less invasive treatment is required. Less invasive surgical intervention to a deep pressure ulcer, parallel pocket incision (PPI), was performed on 10 patients with intractable pressure ulcers with a pocket formation. In PPI procedures, two parallel skin incisions were made to open up the deepest fold of the pocket and to preserve the skin overlying the pocket lesion; through the created incisions, the necrotic tissues around the deepest fold of the undermining could be easily removed, which facilitated spontaneous wound healing. Postoperative results and complications were evaluated. All PPI procedures were safely performed under local infiltration anesthesia without major postoperative complication; minor bleeding was seen intraoperatively in three patients, which could be easily controlled with electric cautery coagulation. Nine of 10 ulcers were cured after PPI, and one could not be followed up due to the patient's death non-related to the pressure ulcer. For the nine cured patients, the average time for cure was 14.9 weeks, and no recurrence was observed at postoperative 6 months. PPI is a simple, technically easy, and less invasive surgical intervention to an intractable pressure ulcer with a pocket, which can be safely performed under local infiltration anesthesia even on a patient with severe systemic comorbidities. Copyright © 2015 British Association of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  15. Microscope-integrated intraoperative optical coherence tomography-guided small-incision lenticule extraction: New surgical technique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharma, Namrata; Urkude, Jayanand; Chaniyara, Manthan; Titiyal, Jeewan S

    2017-10-01

    We describe the surgical technique of microscope-integrated intraoperative optical coherence tomography (OCT)-guided small-incision lenticule extraction. The technique enables manual tracking of surgical instruments and identification of the desired dissection plane. It also helps discern the relation between the dissector and the intrastromal lenticule. The dissection plane becomes hyperreflective on dissection, ensuring complete separation of the intrastromal lenticule from the overlying and underlying stroma. Inadvertent posterior plane entry, cap-lenticule adhesion, incomplete separation of the lenticule, creation of a false plane, and lenticule remnants may be recognized intraoperatively so corrective steps can be taken immediately. In cases with a hazy overlying cap, microscope-integrated intraoperative OCT enables localization and extraction of the lenticule. The technique is helpful for inexperienced surgeons, especially in cases with low amplitudes of refractive errors, ie, thin lenticules. Copyright © 2017 ASCRS and ESCRS. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. Outpatient surgical treatment of female stress urinary incontinence under local anesthesia-sedation with contrasure needleless incision.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Navalón, V; Navalón, P; Pallás, Y; Ordoño, F; Monllor, E

    2014-01-01

    To evaluate the results obtained from out-patient surgical treatment of female stress urinary incontinence (SUI) with the use of trans-obturator tape (TOT) of a single Contrasure-Needleless incision (Neomedic-International). We performed an intervention with local anesthesia-sedation in outpatient regime between January 2007 to December 2011 on 96 patients affected by SUI using the placement of Needleless tension-free suburethral sling. Inclusion and discharge criteria and the results obtained as well as satisfaction grade were evaluated by a questionnaire. All the patients underwent a stress test, urodynamic study and quality of life questionnaire (ICIQ-SF) prior to and at least 3 months after the intervention. Tolerance to the procedure was good. Surgical time was less than 10 minutes and stay in the hospital up to discharge less than 2hours. The results obtained are superimposable to those reached with epidural anesthesia and hospitalization, the grade of satisfactions with the treatment received being superior to 90%. Almost all of the patients affected are candidates for inclusion in an outpatient surgery program. This noticeably improves the cost-efficacy ratio, without decreasing the health care or grade of satisfaction. Furthermore, the Contasure-Needleless system fulfills the criteria for minimally invasive surgery, providing better stability of the sling than the third generation "minibands" due to the greater length of the mesh and less post-operative pain regarding the conventional TOT as no cutaneous incisions are required. Copyright © 2012 AEU. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  17. Intra-Operative Inspired Fraction of Oxygen and the Risk of Surgical Site Infections in Patients with Type 1 Surgical Incisions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wanta, Brendan T; Hanson, Kristine T; Hyder, Joseph A; Stewart, Thomas M; Curry, Timothy B; Berbari, Elie F; Habermann, Elizabeth B; Kor, Daryl J; Brown, Michael J

    2018-04-02

    Whether the fraction of inspired oxygen (F I O 2 ) influences the risk of surgical site infection (SSI) is controversial. The World Health Organization and the World Federation of Societies of Anesthesiologists offer conflicting recommendations. In this study, we evaluate simultaneously three different definitions of F I O 2 exposure and the risk of SSI in a large surgical population. Patients with clean (type 1) surgical incisions who developed superficial and deep organ/space SSI within 30 days after surgery from January 2003 through December 2012 in five surgical specialties were matched to specialty-specific controls. Fraction of inspired oxygen exposure was defined as (1) nadir F I O 2 , (2) percentage of operative time with F I O 2 greater than 50%, and (3) cumulative hyperoxia exposure, calculated as the area under the curve (AUC) of F I O 2 by time for the duration in which F I O 2 greater than 50%. Stratified univariable and multivariable logistic regression models tested associations between F I O 2 and SSI. One thousand two hundred fifty cases of SSI were matched to 3,248 controls. Increased oxygen exposure, by any of the three measures, was not associated with the outcome of any SSI in a multivariable logistic regression model. Elevated body mass index (BMI; 35+ vs. operative oxygen exposure was associated with higher odds of SSI in the neurosurgical and spine populations. Increased intra-operative inspired fraction of oxygen was not associated with a reduction in SSI. These findings do not support the practice of increasing F I O 2 for the purpose of SSI reduction in patients with clean surgical incisions.

  18. Meta-analysis of negative-pressure wound therapy for closed surgical incisions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hyldig, N; Birke-Sorensen, H; Kruse, M

    2016-01-01

    . RESULTS: Ten studies met the inclusion criteria, reporting on 1311 incisions in 1089 patients. NPWT was associated with a significant reduction in wound infection (relative risk (RR) 0·54, 95 per cent c.i. 0·33 to 0·89) and seroma formation (RR 0·48, 0·27 to 0·84) compared with standard care....... The reduction in wound dehiscence was not significant. The numbers needed to treat were three (seroma), 17 (dehiscence) and 25 (infection). Methodological heterogeneity across studies led to downgrading of the quality of evidence to moderate for infection and seroma, and low for dehiscence. CONCLUSION: Compared...

  19. Surgical Treatment of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome through a Minimal Incision on the Distal Wrist Crease: An Anatomical and Clinical Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hye Mi Yoo

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available BackgroundAn anatomical analysis of the transverse carpal ligament (TCL and the surrounding structures might help in identifying effective measures to minimize complications. Here, we present a surgical technique based on an anatomical study that was successfully applied in clinical settings.MethodsUsing 13 hands from 8 formalin-fixed cadavers, we measured the TCL length and thickness, correlation between the distal wrist crease and the proximal end of the TCL, and distance between the distal end of the TCL and the palmar arch; the TCL cross sections and the thickest parts were also examined. Clinically, fasciotomy was performed on the relevant parts of 15 hands from 13 patients by making a minimally invasive incision on the distal wrist crease. Postoperatively, a two-point discrimination check was conducted in which the sensations of the first, second, and third fingertips and the palmar cutaneous branch injuries were monitored (average duration, 7 months.ResultsIn the 13 cadaveric hands, the distal wrist crease and the proximal end of the TCL were placed in the same location. The average length of the TCL and the distance from the distal TCL to the superficial palmar arch were 35.30±2.59 mm and 9.50±2.13 mm, respectively. The thickest part of the TCL was a region 25 mm distal to the distal wrist crease (average thickness, 4.00±0.57 mm. The 13 surgeries performed in the clinical settings yielded satisfactory results.ConclusionsThis peri-TCL anatomical study confirmed the safety of fasciotomy with a minimally invasive incision of the distal wrist crease. The clinical application of the technique indicated that the minimally invasive incision of the distal wrist crease was efficacious in the treatment of the carpal tunnel syndrome.

  20. [Repair of distal biceps brachii tendon ruptures: long term retrospective follow-up for two-incision technique].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sigmundsson, Freyr Gauti; Olafsson, Ari H; Ingvarsson, Thorvaldur

    2009-01-01

    Rupture of the distal tendon of the biceps muscle is a rare injury. If unrepaired the patient will be left with weakness of supination of the arm and flexion in the elbow. Long term results for the 2-incision approach for tendon reinsertion are few but in this study we describe the long term, clinical, functional, and subjective results of surgical repair using the 2-incision method described by Boyd and Anderson. All patients who were operated at FSA hospital during the years 1986-2000 because of rupture of the distal tendon of the biceps muscle were asked to participate in the study. Twelve of 16 patients accepted and answered the DASH questionnaire. Strength was tested with handheld dynamometer and ROM where measured. Radiograph was taken of the affected arm. From 1986 through 2006 we operated on 16 patients because of rupture of the distal biceps tendon, one female and 15 male. Mean age at the time of rupture was 46 years (24-53).The average follow up were seven years (1-17). Ten of 12 patients were operated within two weeks from the injuries. No difference in strength was found between operated and non-operated arms. Late repair was associated with high DASH score and poor subjective results. Six patients developed heterotopic ossification but none of them developed radioulnar synostosis. One reoperation because entrapment of the median nerve was done. Despite heterotopic ossification and a small ROM deficit the Boyd and Anderson technique for repair of distal biceps ruptures yields good long term results in a low volume rural hospital. Early diagnosis and tendon reinsertion is of great importance to avoid persistent anterior elbow pain and poor subjective results.

  1. Patch bulging after plaque incision and grafting procedure for Peyronie’s disease. Surgical repair with a collagen fleece

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Fabiani

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The incision/excision and grafting techniques (PIG for surgical therapy of Peyronie’s disease (PD have gained popularity in recent years. Several different graft materials have been used but the ideal graft has yet to be established. The use of grafting materials could cause complications. In the daily clinical practice it will always be more frequent to manage complications arising from their use. We present herein the case of a patch bulging repaired with a ready-to-use collagen fleece (Tachosil®, Takeda, Linz, Austria, Europe in a 61 years old man subjected to intervention of geometric corporoplasty with Paulo Egydio technique using an acellular collagen material (Xenform® patch, Boston Scientific, Natick, MA, USA as graft. We also discuss the possible implications of PIG procedure.

  2. Perianal fistula: retrospective study of surgical treatment of 241 cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Drager Luciano Ferreira

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available Perianal fistula, usually has a criptoglandular etiology, developing from a perianal abscess and communicating the anal mucosa with the perianal skin. The aim of this paper is to study retrospectively 241 cases of perianal fistula (172 men and 69 women; 2,5:1 aging from 7 and 80 years old (average: 37,4 years, operated on at the Hospital da Clínicas - UFMG, from 1977 to 1996. The surgical techniques and post-operative outcome have been analysed. Perianal abscesses with spontaneous drainage were the predominant etiology (132 patients; 54,8%. Eighty percent were submitted to fistulectomy as the first surgical treatment. Among early complications (78; 32,4%, local pain was the most frequent (60; 24,9%. Among the late complications (136; 56,4% fistula recurrence (101; 41,9% was the most frequent. There were 141 reoperations in 80 patients. Fistulectomy was the predominant surgical technique employed for the treatment (101; 71,6%. The average hospitalization time was 6,3 days until 1990 and 1,5 day from 1991 to 1996, after the advent of day-surgery beds in HC-UFMG. The surgical treatment of perianal fístula has a significant rate of post-operative complications and a high recurrence rate, in spite of the short stay in hospital.

  3. Transoral incision free fundoplication (TIF – A new paradigm in the surgical treatment of GERD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elliot Goodman

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available An estimated 10 billion dollars is spent treating gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD in the USA every year. The present article reports a case of the safe and successful use of transoral incisionless fundoplication (TIF using the EsophyX™ device in the surgical treatment of GERD.

  4. Surgical treatment of acute diverticulitis. A retrospective multicentre study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roig, José Vicente; Salvador, Antonio; Frasson, Matteo; Cantos, Míriam; Villodre, Celia; Balciscueta, Zutoia; García-Calvo, Rafael; Aguiló, Javier; Hernandis, Juan; Rodríguez, Rodolfo; Landete, Francisco; García-Granero, Eduardo

    2016-12-01

    To analyze short and medium-term results of different surgical techniques in the treatment of complicated acute diverticulitis (CAD). Multicentre retrospective study including patients operated on as surgical emergency or deferred-urgency with the diagnosis of CAD. A series of 385 patients: 218 men and 167 women, mean age 64.4±15.6 years, operated on in 10 hospitals were included. The median (25 th -75 th percentile) time from symptoms to surgery was 48 (24-72) h, being peritonitis the main surgical indication in a 66% of cases. Surgical approach was usually open (95.1%), and the commonest findings, a purulent peritonitis (34.8%) or pericolonic abscess (28.6%). Hartmann procedure (HP) was the most used technique in 278 (72.2%) patients, followed by resection and primary anastomosis (RPA) in 69 (17.9%). The overall postoperative morbidity and mortality was 53.2% and 13% respectively. Age, immunosupression, presence of general risk factors and faecal peritonitis were associated with increased mortality. Laparoscopic peritoneal lavage (LPL) was associated with an increased reoperation rate frequently involving a stoma, and anastomotic leaks presented in 13.7 patients after RPA, without differences in morbimortality when compared with HP. Median postoperative length of stay was 12 days, and was correlated with age, surgical risk, ASA score, hospital and postoperative complications. Surgery for CAD has important morbidity and mortality and is frequently associated with an end-stoma. Moreover LPL presented high reoperation rates. It seems better to resect and anastomose in most cases, even with an associated protective stoma. Copyright © 2016 AEC. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  5. A retrospective study of surgically excised phaeochromocytomas in Newfoundland, Canada

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    Joanna Holland

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: A retrospective study detailing the circumstances surrounding diagnosis and treatment of pheochromocytomas with the associated genetic disorders. Materials and Methods: All patients with surgically excised pheochromocytomas in the Health Sciences Center, St. John′s, Newfoundland, Canada between January 2001 and December 2010 were retrospectively analyzed to determine associated familial syndromes, age, tumor size, symptomatology, and percentage of paragangliomas and bilateral pheochromocytomas. Pathology specimen reports, adrenalectomy lists and Meditech (electronic medical record diagnostic codes provided a comprehensive database for this study. Results: Twenty-four patients were studied; familial disorder patients comprised 42% (10/24. Average age at diagnosis was 57 among the sporadic and 34 in familial disorder groups (P = 0.006. Average tumor size was 4.5 cm in the sporadic group and 3 cm in the familial disorder group (P = 0.19. All atypical cases including bilateral or extra-adrenal tumors and malignancy occurred in familial disorder patients. Conclusions: The proportion of familial disorder patients (42% was higher in this study than would be expected, likely a result of the relatively high incidence of hereditary autosomal dominant disorders within Newfoundland. Among familial disorder patients, the average younger age at diagnosis and the smaller tumor size suggest syndromic pheochromocytomas may develop earlier, however they are more likely to be diagnosed sooner due to biochemical surveillance testing in known genetic disorder patients. We also demonstrate a relatively high incidence of surgically resected pheochromocytomas of 4.679/million/year in Newfoundland.

  6. A triangulating operating platform enhances bimanual performance and reduces surgical workload in single-incision laparoscopy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rieder, Erwin; Martinec, Danny V; Cassera, Maria A; Goers, Trudie A; Dunst, Christy M; Swanstrom, Lee L

    2011-03-01

    Single-site laparoscopy (SSL) attempts to further reduce the surgical impact of minimally invasive surgery. However, crossed instruments and the proximity of the endoscope to the operating instruments placed through one single site leads to inevitable instrument or trocar collision. We hypothesized that a novel, single-port, triangulating surgical platform (SPSP) might enhance performance by improving bimanual coordination and decreasing the surgeon's mental workload. Fourteen participants, proficient in basic laparoscopic skills, were tested on their ability to perform a validated intracorporeal suturing task by either an SSL approach with crossed articulated instruments or a novel SPSP, providing true-right and true-left manipulation. Standard laparoscopic (SL) access served as control. Sutures were evaluated using validated scoring methods and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration Task Load Index was used to rate mental workload. All participants proficiently performed intracorporeal knots by SL (mean score 99.0; 95% CI 97.0 to 100.9). Performance decreased significantly (more than 50%, p mental workload when using true-right and true-left manipulation. This study objectively assessed SSL performance and current attempts for instrumentation improvement in single-site access. While SSL significantly impairs basic laparoscopic skills, surgical platforms providing true-left and true-right maneuvering of instruments appear to be more intuitive and address some of the current challenges of SSL that may otherwise limit its widespread acceptance. Copyright © 2011 American College of Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. A prospective study in children: Pre- and post-surgery use of vitamin E in surgical incisions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zampieri, Nicola; Zuin, Veronica; Burro, Roberto; Ottolenghi, Alberto; Camoglio, Francesco Saverio

    2010-09-01

    One of the main problems of elective surgery is the cosmetic result. This prospective controlled study aims to determine the effects of topical vitamin E on cosmetic results in children. A single-blind study was carried out. Topical vitamin E was used on the intended incision site for at least 15 days, thrice daily, before surgery and for at least 30 days, twice daily, after surgery (group A). The control group received topical petrolatum-based ointment (group B). No patients in group A developed keloids. A total of 96% of patients (or parents) considered the cosmetic results very good. No patients had wound infection. In the control group, only 78% of patients (or parents) considered the cosmetic results very good and 13 (6.5%) patients developed keloids after 6 months. There were no cases of wound infection. Topical vitamin E before and after surgery improved surgical wound healing and improved cosmetic results. Copyright 2009 British Association of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  8. Manual small incision cataract surgery under topical anesthesia with intracameral lignocaine: Study on pain evaluation and surgical outcome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gupta Sanjiv

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The authors here describe manual small incision cataract surgery (MSICS by using topical anesthesia with intracameral 0.5% lignocaine, which eliminates the hazards of local anesthesia, cuts down cost and time taken for the administration of local anesthesia. Aims: To evaluate the patients′ and surgeons′ experience in MSICS using topical anesthesia with intracameral lignocaine in terms of pain, surgical complications, and outcome. Settings and Design: Prospective interventional case series. Materials and Methods: Ninety-six patients of senile cataract were operated by MSICS under topical anesthesia with intracameral lignocaine using "fish hook technique." The patients and the single operating surgeon were given a questionnaire to evaluate their experience in terms of pain, surgical experience, and complications. Statistical Analysis Used: Statistical analysis software "Analyseit." Results: There were 96 patients enrolled in the study. The mean pain score was 0.7 (SD ± 0.97, range 0-5, median 0.0, and mode 0.0. Fifty-one patients (53% had pain score of zero, that is, no pain. Ninety-one patients (~95% had a score of less than 3, that is, mild pain to none. All the surgeries were complication-free except one and the surgeon′s experience was favorable in terms of patient′s cooperation, anterior chamber stability, difficulty, and complications. The ocular movements were not affected, and hence, the eye patch could be removed immediately following the surgery. Conclusions: MSICS can be performed under topical anesthesia with intracameral lignocaine, which makes the surgery patient friendly, without compromising the outcome.

  9. Comparison of variables affecting the surgical outcomes of tubularized incised plate urethroplasty in adult and pediatric hypospadias.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhat, A; Bhat, M; Kumar, V; Kumar, R; Mittal, R; Saksena, G

    2016-04-01

    The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends operating on hypospadias between the ages of 6-12 months. Since most births in developed countries are conducted in a hospital, parents are likely to be well informed and counseled about the hypospadias. However, significant numbers of births in developing countries are still conducted at home, with illiteracy, poverty and ignorance often leading to late presentation at the hospital. Reported hypospadias-repair complication rates are higher in adults compared with those having surgery in childhood. The present study's objective was to evaluate the factors affecting surgical outcome in hypospadias patients undergoing tubularized and tubularized incised plate urethroplasty (TIPU) in adulthood compared with childhood. A prospective study of 60 adult patients >16 years, and 60 pediatric patients hypospadias between May 2008 and May 2012. Patients were operated on by a single surgeon, under similar circumstances, and were pre-operatively examined to assess meatal location, chordee, and torsion; they were also examined intra-operatively for quality of spongiosum and urethral plate width. The outcomes were assessed by patient/parents for satisfaction regarding cosmesis, urinary stream and complications. The age of the patients varied from 16 to 27 years, with a mean of 20.8 years in adults, and 6 months to 5 years, with a mean of 2.1 years, in children. The type of hypospadias, degree of curvature, quality of spongiosum and urethral plate width were comparable in both groups, but complication rates were higher in adults (16.7%) than in the pediatric (6.7%) group (Figure 1A-D). Meatal stenosis responded well to dilatation, but fistulae required revision surgery and had a cure rate of 100%. The median follow-up was 37 months in adults, and 39 months in children. The higher complication rates in adults may be due to more frequent erections; increased susceptibility to infection along with relatively reduced vascularity lead to

  10. Comparing the outcomes of incisions made by colorado microdissection needle, electrosurgery tip, and surgical blade during periodontal surgery: A randomized controlled trial

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    Rampalli Viswa Chandra

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Context: Electrosurgery offers many unique advantages such as hemostasis and precise tissue cutting; however, there are a number of disadvantages including thermal injury and delayed wound healing. Aims: The aim of the present study was to compare the outcomes of incisions made by Colorado® microdissection needle, electrosurgery tip, and surgical blade during periodontal surgery. Settings and Design: Twenty-two individuals participated in this study. Three quadrants in each individual were randomly assigned into each of the following experimental groups: Colorado® microdissection needle (CMD, electrosurgery tip (EC and surgical blade (BP, in which, incisions were given with Colorado® microdissection needle, straight electrocautery tip, and a scalpel blade, respectively. Materials and Methods: Blood loss (BL was measured immediately after surgery, and changes in interdental papilla dimensions were recorded at baseline, 7, 30, 120, and 180 days after surgery. Measures of periodontal disease were recorded at baseline, 120, and 180 days after surgery. Postoperative pain and wound healing were recorded at 1, 7, and 15 days after surgery. Results: The use of CMD for periodontal surgery showed better results over EC in all parameters. CMD resulted in lesser bleeding and less postoperative pain and attained similar results to that of BP in clinical parameters of periodontal disease. Conclusions: Colorado® microdissection needle may be a better choice for incisions as it seems to show less tissue damage than cautery and offers tissue healing comparable to scalpel blade.

  11. Surgical Volumes at the District Hospital: A Retrospective Review of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... the global literature, the majority of procedures performed at the District Hospital level in Rwanda are caesarian sections. As surgical capacity improves, accurate reporting of surgical procedures and outcomes is imperative to planning the training of surgical caregivers, allocation of resources and ensuring patient safety.

  12. Comparison of two incision designs for surgical removal of impacted mandibular third molar: A randomized comparative clinical study

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    Adarsh Desai

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The objective of this study is to investigate the influence of flap design on visibility and accessibility during removal of impacted third molar and hematoma formation, wound gaping and healing of flap post-operatively. Study Design: The randomized prospective comparative study included 30 patients with impacted mandibular third molars. Two flap designs namely "envelope flap" (Koener′s incision and ′triangular flap′ (Ward′s incision were used. After 7 days, sutures were removed and status of wound, periodontal health, and progress of healing was assessed. Patients were followed through 15 days to judge the incidence of post-operative complications in both groups. Results: No statistical differences were noted between the groups in terms of visibility, accessibility, excessive bleeding during surgery, healing of flap, sensitivity of adjacent teeth, and dry socket. A statistically significant difference was observed in post-operative hematoma, wound gaping, and distal pocket in adjacent tooth, which was significant in Ward′s triangular incision group in comparison to Koeiner′s envelope incision group. Conclusion: The selection of the flap design is dependent on needs of the case and preference of the operating surgeon and does not seem to have a significant influence on the health of tissues. In order to avoid wide area of exposure of bone, the operating surgeon should clinically and radiographically assess the designing of incision and mucoperiosteal flap, the clinical relevance is still debatable.

  13. Surgical treatment of synovial osteochondromatosis of the hip using a modified-Hardinge approach with a Z-shaped capsular incision

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu Takeda

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Synovial osteochondromatosis of the hip is a rare condition, and the surgical treatment approach for this condition requires complete removal of loose bodies combined with synovectomy. While these, procedures are generally accepted as the optimal treatment method, this is still controversial topic. Recent studies have reported that open surgical procedures remain acceptable for synovial osteochondromatosis of the hip. These procedures include the dislocation of the femoral head, and complications such as femoral head necrosis and bursitis or great trochanter non-union due to trochanteric osteotomy have been reported. The present study reports a modified technique for surgical dislocation through a Z-shaped capsular incision without trochanteric flip osteotomy for the treatment of synovial osteochondromatosis of the hip.

  14. Comparison of primary total hip replacements performed with a standard incision or a mini-incision.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woolson, Steven T; Mow, Christopher S; Syquia, Jose Fernando; Lannin, John V; Schurman, David J

    2004-07-01

    Primary total hip replacement performed through an incision that is a minimally invasive technique. Proponents have claimed that mini-incision techniques reduce blood loss, transfusion requirements, postoperative pain, and the length of the hospital stay compared with standard techniques through a longer incision. However, we are aware of no well-designed comparison study that supports these claims. The purpose of the present study was to compare the short-term results of a mini-incision with a standard incision technique for total hip replacement. A consecutive series of patients who underwent 135 primary unilateral total hip replacements (fifty with use of a mini-incision [a standard incision) by three surgeons at one hospital were studied. Each surgeon selected patients to have a mini-incision procedure and performed a standard approach in the remaining patients. A posterior approach was used for all procedures. In-hospital data were collected retrospectively, and the initial postoperative radiographs were analyzed. Because of the selection process, the patients who had a mini-incision had both a significantly lower average body-mass index (p = 0.008) and a lower average score on the American Society of Anesthesiologists rating (p = 0.006), indicating that they were thinner and healthier than the patients who had a standard incision. With the numbers of patients available, no significant differences were found between the groups with respect to the average surgical time, intraoperative blood loss, in-hospital transfusion rate, length of hospital stay, or the patients' disposition after discharge. The mini-incision group was found to have a significantly higher risk of a wound complication (p = 0.02), a higher percentage of acetabular component malposition (p = 0.04), and poor fit and fill of femoral components inserted without cement (p = 0.0036). There was no evidence that the mini-incision technique resulted in less bleeding or less trauma to the soft tissues

  15. Cisto pilonidal sacrococcígeo: resultados do tratamento cirúrgico com incisão e curetagem Pilonidal sinus: surgical treatment results with incision and curettage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flávia Balsamo

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available duzentos e treze doentes com cisto pilonidal sacrococcígeo foram submetidos a tratamento cirúrgico pela técnica de incisão e curetagem, no período de janeiro de 1997 a dezembro de 2006. Foram avaliados o sexo, a idade o tipo de anestesia, o tempo de internação, período de cicatrização, complicações e seguimento. Conclui-se que a técnica de incisão e curetagemé uma boa opção no tratamento cirúrgico do cisto pilonidal sacrococcígeo, proporcionando tempo aceitável de cicatrização e baixos índices de recidiva.From January 1997 to December 2006, 213 patients with pilonidal sinus have undergone on surgical treatment with incision and curettage technique. We analyzed age, sex, the anesthetic and surgical procedures, recovery as well as healing time and follow up. We have concluded that incision and curettage in surgical treatment of pilonidal sinus is a good option, with quick recovery and an acceptable healing time.

  16. Incision for pleural tissue biopsy (image)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... open pleural biopsy, a small piece of the pleural tissue is removed through a surgical incision in the chest. After the sample is obtained, a chest tube is placed and the incision is closed with ...

  17. Treatment of female stress urinary incontinence using suburethral slings: comparative, retrospective, observational study of two surgical techniques.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castroviejo-Royo, F; Martinez-Sagarra-Oceja, J M; Marina-García-Tuñón, C; Conde-Redondo, C; Rodríguez-Toves, L A; González-Tejero, C

    2013-10-01

    The treatment of female stress urinary incontinence has undergone a revolution in recent years due the emergence on the market of suburethral slings. The aim of this study is to compare two surgical techniques for treating stress urinary incontinence: Monarc™ (transobturator suburethral sling) and MiniArc(®) (single-incision suburethral mini-sling). Comparative, retrospective, observational study from January 2005 to December 2011 on 317 women diagnosed with stress urinary incontinence. Of these, 214 were treated with the Monarc™ transobturator suburethral sling, and 103 were treated with the MiniArc(®) mini-sling. The results were treated with SPSS v.15 software, and the statistical significance was P≤.005. The two patients groups were homogeneous in terms of age, number of births, presence of urgency urinary incontinence and prior hysterectomy. There were significant differences in hospital stay, surgical time and early complications in favour of the MiniArc(®), technique, but overall there were no significant differences in the late complications. Some 84% of the patients treated with the Monarc™ transobturator sling were cured compared with the 72% of patients in whom we implanted a MiniArc(®), a difference that was statistically significant. We need to perform more high-quality, prospective and randomised studies with larger numbers of patients and longer follow-up times to confirm or disprove the difference that we found in the success rate for the Monarc™ transobturator suburethral sling. Copyright © 2012 AEU. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  18. Retrospective Study on the Treatment Outcome of Surgical Closure of Oroantral Communications

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Visscher, Susan H.; van Roon, Marije R. F.; Sluiter, Wim J.; van Minnen, Baucke; Bos, Ruud R. M.

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: A retrospective cohort study concerning the surgical closure of oroantral communications (OACs) was carried out to facilitate a comparison between treatment outcomes of conventional surgical treatment and new strategies for closure of OACs. Data were statistically analyzed to gather insight

  19. Anterior loop of the mental nerve, mental foramen and incisive nerve emergency: tridimensional assessment and surgical applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prados-Frutos, Juan Carlos; Salinas-Goodier, Carmen; Manchón, Ángel; Rojo, Rosa

    2017-02-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence and length of the anterior loop (AL), the distance from this landmark to the alveolar crest and its relation with the shape of the foramen and emergency pattern in the Spanish population on helical computed tomography scan (helical CT scan) through tridimensional reconstructions. Helical CT scan images of 41 patients aged 65 or older were analyzed. A total of 82 human hemi-mandibles were examined in this study. A tridimensional reconstruction of each mandible and Inferior Alveolar Nerve canal was created in AMIRA ® software (AMIRA, Mercury Computer Systems, Berlin, Germany). Prevalence, length and distance between the AL, mental foramen and alveolar ridge were measured. This retrospective observational study was performed according to the STROBE guidelines. Prevalence of the AL was 53.7 % (n = 44) and the mean length was 1.3 ± 0.64 mm. The mean distance from the highest point of the loop to the alveolar ridge was 13.4 ± 2.8 mm. The mean diameter of the mental foramen was 3.5 ± 0.65 mm and the proportion of the oval-shaped was 62.2 % (n = 51) and round-shaped was 37.8 % (n = 31). The study found that patients with type 1 pattern emergency pattern had a higher prevalence of the AL (p = 0.03). Prevalence, location and length of the anterior loop can be overlooked if only two-dimensional pre-surgical studies are performed. Therefore, three-dimensional imaging and modeling of anatomic structures should be used for the pre-operative examination of the interforaminal area. Given the wide variability of the emergency pattern of the mental nerve and the prevalence and location of the anterior loop, it should be studied in every patient individually.

  20. Incidental parasitic infestations in surgically removed appendices: a retrospective analysis

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    Aydin Özgür

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Appendiceal parasites can cause symptoms of appendiceal pain, independent of microscopic evidence of acute inflammation. The diagnosis of a parasitic infestation is generally achieved only after the pathologic examination of the resected appendices. Patients/Methods Pathology department records were reviewed for all patients who required an operation for symptoms of acute appendicitis between 2000 and 2006. The specimens which were pathologically diagnosed to contain parasites were reevaluated for features of acute inflamation, and parasite type. The medical records were reviewed in detail to achieve a diagnostic score(Eskelinen. Radiologic imaging findings were correlated, if present. Results Of the 190 appendectomies performed, 6 specimens (3,15% were found to contain parasites(4 Enterobius vermicularis, 2 Taenia subspecies. Appendectomies with Taenia showed acute inflamation, while acute inflamation was absent in the ones with Enterobius vermicularis. The Eskelinen score was higher than the treshold in two cases with an acute inflamation, and in two without. Ultrasound scans, and a computed tomography scan were performed in 5 patients. In 3 of 4 bland appendices, results favored acute appendicitis. Conclusion The diagnosis of gastrointestinal parasites is not only made by examining the stool but the diagnosis can be made by histology from surgical specimens. Timely diagnosis and appropriate therapy might prevent probable future complications that may necessitate surgical procedures, at least in some of the patients. The clinical management of these infections is different from that for classical appendicitis.

  1. Surgical Value of Elective Minimally Invasive Gallbladder Removal: A Cost Analysis of Traditional 4-Port vs Single-Incision and Robotically Assisted Cholecystectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newman, Richard M; Umer, Affan; Bozzuto, Bethany J; Dilungo, Jennifer L; Ellner, Scott

    2016-03-01

    As the cost of health care is subjected to increasingly greater scrutiny, the assessment of new technologies must include the surgical value (SV) of the procedure. Surgical value is defined as outcome divided by cost. The cost and outcome of 50 consecutive traditional (4-port) laparoscopic cholecystectomies (TLC) were compared with 50 consecutive, nontraditional laparoscopic cholecystectomies (NTLC), between October 2012 and February 2014. The NTLC included SILS (n = 11), and robotically assisted single-incision cholecystectomies (ROBOSILS; n = 39). Our primary outcomes included minimally invasive gallbladder removal and same-day discharge. Thirty-day emergency department visits or readmissions were evaluated as a secondary outcome. The direct variable surgeon costs (DVSC) were distilled from our hospital cost accounting system and calculated on a per-case, per item basis. The average DVSC for TLC was $929 and was significantly lower than NTLC at $2,344 (p day discharge. There were no differences observed in secondary outcomes in 30-day emergency department visits (TLC [2%] vs NTLC [6%], p = 0.61) or readmissions (TLC [4%] vs NTLC [2%], p > 0.05), respectively. The relative SV was significantly higher for TLC (1) compared with NTLC (0.34) (p < 0.05), and SILS (0.66) and ROBOSILS (0.36) (p < 0.05). Nontraditional, minimally invasive gallbladder removal (SILS and ROBOSILS) offers significantly less surgical value for elective, outpatient gallbladder removal. Copyright © 2016 American College of Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  2. Evaluation of the Unit Rod surgical instrumentation in Duchenne scoliosis. A retrospective study

    OpenAIRE

    Nedelcu, T; Georgescu, I

    2016-01-01

    The article represents a retrospective clinical and radiological study. Objectives. Evaluating the safety and efficiency of the surgical treatment by using the Unit Rod for scoliosis in adolescents and children presenting Duchenne?s muscular dystrophy. Summary. Surgical management of myopathic scoliosis still causes controversies regarding the timing of surgery (patient?s age), the pelvic inclusion in the arthrodesis or the advantages of surgery over the conservatory treatment. The patients a...

  3. RETROSPECTIVE STUDY ON OUTCOME OF SURGICAL MANAGEMENT OF ACETABULAR FRACTURE

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    Saravana Kumar Kadirvelu

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND Fractures of the acetabulum occur primarily in young adults as a result of high-velocity trauma and in old age even with trivial trauma. Anatomic reduction and stable fixation of the fracture such that the femoral head is concentrically reduced under an adequate portion of the weight bearing dome of the acetabulum is the treatment goal in these difficult fractures. The aim of the study is: 1. To study the outcome after reconstruction of fracture of acetabulum. 2. To study the postoperative complications and failures. MATERIALS AND METHODS The present study was carried out from March 2015 to September 2016 at Orthopaedics Department, Aarupadai Veedu Medical College and Hospital. During this period, 25 patients of acetabular fracture (20 males and 5 females were managed in our hospital surgically. The indication for surgery in acetabulum fracture was decided according to displacement of fracture and it is decided by measuring the roof arc measurement developed by Matta. If the fracture has been displaced medially or anteriorly or posteriorly to 45° or 25° or 70°, then the fracture should be taken for surgery. All our patients were operated under general anaesthesia with plate and screws (reconstruction or dynamic compression. Some patients were treated with interfragmentary screws. RESULTS Our results were evaluated on the basis of both clinical and radiologic criteria as well as according to fracture type. 1,2,3 Radiologic evaluation showed 76% of excellent and good results and 24% of fair or poor results, while the functional outcome assessment according to d’Aubigne postal scoring and Harris hip score in acetabulum fracture, excellent functional outcome in 13 patients with posterior column acetabulum fracture and fair or poor result in 5 patients. In anterior column acetabulum fracture, 7 patients had excellent functional outcome (44%. Similar results have been reported by Letournel 2 and Matta. 4,3,5 If results were associated

  4. Surgical Treatment of Malignant Pheochromocytoma and Paraganglioma: Retrospective Case Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strajina, Veljko; Dy, Benzon M; Farley, David R; Richards, Melanie L; McKenzie, Travis J; Bible, Keith C; Que, Florencia G; Nagorney, David M; Young, William F; Thompson, Geoffrey B

    2017-06-01

    Pheochromocytoma and paraganglioma (PPGL) are rare neoplasms; about 10% are malignant. Literature regarding possible benefit from resection is extremely limited. A 20 year review of all patients undergoing surgery for malignant PPGL at the Mayo Clinic Rochester Campus between 1994 and June 2014 was performed. We identified 34 patients undergoing surgery for malignant PPGL. Median follow up was 6 and 5 years survival was 90% (median 11 years). Complete resection (R0) was achieved in 14 patients (41%). Median disease-free survival was 4.6 years for patients with R0 resection (up to 12 years). Only eight patients (23%) were disease-free on last follow up. Elevated preoperative fractionated metanephrines or catecholamines were documented in 23 patients (68%); these normalized in 13 of 23 patients (56%) postoperatively-with symptom relief in 15 of 18 preoperatively symptomatic patients (79%). Among 23 patients with hormone-producing tumors, significant reduction in number of antihypertensive medications was also noted postoperatively; 11 patients have remained off all antihypertensives, 6 required 1 medication, 1 required 2, while 5 required full blockade with phenoxybenzamine and a beta-adrenergic blocker. Surgery plays a significant role in the management of selected malignant PPGL. Resection can be effective in normalizing or significantly reducing levels of catecholamines and metanephrines, and can improve hormone-related symptoms and hypertension. Surgical resection, either complete or incomplete, is associated with durable survival despite a high rate of tumor recurrence.

  5. Risk factors for acute surgical site infections after lumbar surgery: a retrospective study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lai, Qi; Song, Quanwei; Guo, Runsheng; Bi, Haidi; Liu, Xuqiang; Yu, Xiaolong; Zhu, Jianghao; Dai, Min; Zhang, Bin

    2017-07-19

    Currently, many scholars are concerned about the treatment of postoperative infection; however, few have completed multivariate analyses to determine factors that contribute to the risk of infection. Therefore, we conducted a multivariate analysis of a retrospectively collected database to analyze the risk factors for acute surgical site infection following lumbar surgery, including fracture fixation, lumbar fusion, and minimally invasive lumbar surgery. We retrospectively reviewed data from patients who underwent lumbar surgery between 2014 and 2016, including lumbar fusion, internal fracture fixation, and minimally invasive surgery in our hospital's spinal surgery unit. Patient demographics, procedures, and wound infection rates were analyzed using descriptive statistics, and risk factors were analyzed using logistic regression analyses. Twenty-six patients (2.81%) experienced acute surgical site infection following lumbar surgery in our study. The patients' mean body mass index, smoking history, operative time, blood loss, draining time, and drainage volume in the acute surgical site infection group were significantly different from those in the non-acute surgical site infection group (p operative type in the acute surgical site infection group were significantly different than those in the non-acute surgical site infection group (p operative type, operative time, blood loss, and drainage time were independent predictors of acute surgical site infection following lumbar surgery. In order to reduce the risk of infection following lumbar surgery, patients should be evaluated for the risk factors noted above.

  6. Timing of antibiotic prophylaxis in cesarean section: retrospective, difference-in-differences estimation of the effect on surgical-site-infection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ben Shoham, Assaf; Bar-Meir, Maskit; Ioscovich, Alexander; Samueloff, Arnon; Wiener-Well, Yonit

    2017-10-26

    Cesarean section (CS) is one of the most common surgical procedures performed worldwide. Surgical-site-infection (SSI) occurs in approximately 5-10% of CS. The benefit of prophylactic antibiotics for prevention of SSI has been demonstrated in the literature. The optimal timing of antibiotic prophylaxis (prior to surgical incision versus after cord clamping) was investigated in recent studies. In January 2014, the Israeli Ministry of Health introduced a national quality measure which monitors the administration of prophylactic antibiotics in CS. The custom clinical practice in our medical center was to administer prophylactic antibiotics immediately after cord clamping. Upon introduction of the national quality measurement program, the practice was changed to administration of antibiotics prior to surgical incision. Our objective was to examine the effect of timing of prophylactic antibiotics administration on the incidence of SSI following CS, in a single medical center that performs a large volume of deliveries, with a low rate of CS. Taking advantage of a discrete change in clinical practice, we used retrospective data and applied difference-in-differences design to estimate the effect of the timing of prophylactic antibiotics administration on SSI rates. The analysis included all CSs performed during 2012-2015 and all hysterectomies conducted during the study period. The coverage rates of prophylactic antibiotics in CS before and after the policy change were 99.10% and 99.03%, respectively. The rates of SSI following CS, before and after the policy change, were 2.63% (n = 2499) and 2.32% (n = 3840), respectively. The rates of SSI following hysterectomy, before and after the policy, change were 6.82% (n = 396) and 7.09% (n = 437), respectively. Difference-in-differences (DID) estimates of the effect of policy change on the incidence of SSI in linear and logistic regression models were not significant (B = -0.6%, p = .64; odds ratio = 0

  7. Radiological findings after endoscopic incision of ureterocele

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cheon, Jung Eun; Kim, In One; Seok, Eul Hye; Cha, Joo Hee; Choi, Gook Myung; Kim, Woo Sun; Yeon, Kyung Mo; Kim, Kwang Myung; Choi, Hwang; Cheon, Jung Eun; Seok, Eul Hye; Cha, Joo Hee; Choi, Guk Myung

    2001-01-01

    Endoscopic incision of ureterocele is considered a simple and safe method for decompression of urinary tract obstruction above ureterocele. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the radiological findings after endoscopic incision of ureterocele. We retrospectively reviewed the radiological findings (ultrasonography (US), intravenous urography, and voiding cystourethrography(VCU)) in 16 patients with ureterocele who underwent endoscopic incision (mean age at surgery, 15 months; M:F 3:13; 18 ureteroceles). According to the postoperative results, treatment was classified as successful when medical treatment was still required, and second operation when additional surgical treatment was required. Postoperative US (n=10) showed that in all patients, urinary tract obstruction was relieved: the kidney parenchima was thicker and the ureterocele was smaller. Intravenous urography (n=8), demonstrated that in all patients, urinary tract obstruction and the excretory function of the kidney had improved. Postoperative VCU indicated that in 92% of patients (12 of 13), endoscopic incision of the ureterocele led to vesicoureteral reflux(VUR). Of these twelve, seven (58%) showed VUR of more than grade 3, while newly developed VUR was seen in five of eight patients (63%) who had preoperative VCU. Surgery was successful in four patients (25%), partially successful in three (19%), and a second operation-on account of recurrent urinary tract infection and VUR of more than grase 3 during the follow-up period-was required by nine (56%). Although endoscopic incision of a ureterocele is a useful way of relieving urinary tract obstruction, an ensuing complication may be VUR. Postoperative US and intravenous urography should be used to evaluate parenchymal change in the kidney and improvement of uronary tract obstructon, while to assess the extend of VUR during the follow-up period , postoperative VCU is required

  8. Comparison of the inclination of unerupted mandibular third molars on panoramic radiography and casts made after surgical incision

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    Javad Yazdani

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Background and aims. Panoramic radiographs are used for surgical planning of unerupted third molars. The major problems associated with panoramic radiography include unequal magnification and geometric distortion of the image. The purpose of this study was the clinical evaluation of the effect of radiographic distortion on the position and classification of unerpted mandibular third molars. Materials and methods. Panoramic radiographs of 20 patients with indication for extraction of lower third molars were included in this study. On the day of surgery, a silicon impression was taken from the second and third molar region and poured with type IV gypsum to provide a study cast. The inclination of the lower third molar to the second molar on panoramic radiography was compared with this angulation on the study casts. Results. There was a mean difference of 5.75° ± 1.65 between the position of the lower third molar on panoramic radiographs and on study casts. Student’s t-test indicated a statistically significant difference (P < 0.05. Conclusion. Panoramic radiography tends to exhibit a more mesial position of the third molars; however, panoramic radiography can still be used as the main tool for surgical planning of lower third molars.

  9. Small incision transcutaneous levator aponeurotic repair for blepharoptosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baroody, Michael; Holds, John B; Sakamoto, Douglas K; Vick, Valerie L; Hartstein, Morris E

    2004-06-01

    Patients presenting with blepharoptosis due to disinsertion or thinning of the levator aponeurosis require surgical repair. A minimally invasive approach directed specifically at the levator aponeurotic anatomic defect may provide benefits to the patient. Proposed advantages of a small eyelid incision (8-13 mm) include less local anesthetic and tissue distortion, less ecchymosis and edema, decreased operative times, a shortened recovery period, and improved surgical results. We describe our results with the use of a small incision ptosis repair in select patients. A retrospective chart review between January 2000 and September 2001 included 91 patients and 118 eyelids with blepharoptosis due to aponeurotic disinsertion, corrected by a minimally invasive approach. The small incision technique comprised levator aponeurotic resection and advancement. Pre- and postoperative upper eyelid marginal reflex distances (MRD1), eyelid contour, need for reoperation, and complications (overcorrection, undercorrection, hematoma, and infection) were recorded. The average preoperative MRD1 measured 0.5 +/- 1.1 mm, with a range of -2.0 to 2.5 mm. The average postoperative MRD1 measured 2.6 +/- 0.8 mm, with a range of 1 to 5.5 mm (P < 0.0001). Of the 118 eyelids corrected by a small incision technique, there were 4 overcorrections, 3 undercorrections, 1 failure, 1 postoperative ptosis procedure of the contralateral upper eyelid secondary to Hering's law ptosis, and 4 patients requesting surgical treatment of dermatochalasis. No symptomatic dry eye, exposure keratopathy, or other complication resulted in association with the overcorrections. No contour abnormalities, infections, hematomas, or other complications were noted. Our experience suggests that utilization of a small skin incision is safe, precise, and efficient and allows for more rapid recovery from surgery. The authors note a decreased incidence of reoperation and postoperative complaints compared with historical larger-incision

  10. Surgical procedures in liver transplant patients: A monocentric retrospective cohort study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sommacale, Daniele; Nagarajan, Ganesh; Lhuaire, Martin; Dondero, Federica; Pessaux, Patrick; Piardi, Tullio; Sauvanet, Alain; Kianmanesh, Reza; Belghiti, Jacques

    2017-05-01

    Pre-existing chronic liver diseases and the complexity of the transplant surgery procedures lead to a greater risk of further surgery in transplanted patients compared to the general population. The aim of this monocentric retrospective cohort study was to assess the epidemiology of surgical complications in liver transplanted patients who require further surgical procedures and to characterize their post-operative risk of complications to enhance their medical care. From January 1997 to December 2011, 1211 patients underwent orthotropic liver transplantation in our center. A retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data was performed considering patients who underwent surgical procedures more than three months after transplantation. We recorded liver transplantation technique, type of surgery, post-operative complications, time since the liver transplant and immunosuppressive regimens. Among these, 161 patients (15%) underwent a further 183 surgical procedures for conditions both related and unrelated to the transplant. The most common surgical procedure was for an incisional hernia repair (n = 101), followed by bilioenteric anastomosis (n = 44), intestinal surgery (n = 23), liver surgery (n = 8) and other surgical procedures (n = 7). Emergency surgery was required in 19 procedures (10%), while 162 procedures (90%) were performed electively. Post-operative mortality and morbidity were 1% and 30%, respectively. According to the Dindo-Clavien classification, the most common grade of morbidity was grade III (46%), followed by grade II (40%). Surgical procedures on liver transplanted patients are associated with a significantly high risk of complications, irrespective of the time elapsed since transplantation. Copyright © 2017 IJS Publishing Group Ltd. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  11. [A retrospective controlled clinical study of single-incision plus one port laparoscopic surgery for sigmoid colon and upper rectal cancer].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, G X; Li, J M; Wang, Y N; Deng, H J; Mou, T Y; Liu, H

    2017-07-01

    Objective: To evaluate the short-term and oncologic outcomes of single-incision plus one port laparoscopic surgery (SILS+ 1) for sigmoid colon and upper rectal cancer. Methods: The clinic data of 46 patients with sigmoid colon and upper rectal cancer underwent SILS+ 1 at Department of General Surgery, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University from September 2013 to September 2014 were retrospectively reviewed (SILS+ 1 group). After generating 1∶1 ration propensity scores given the covariates of age, gender, body mass index, American Society of Anesthesiologists score, surgeons, tumor location, the distance of tumor from anal, tumor diameter, and pathologic TNM stage, 46 patients with sigmoid colon and upper rectal cancer underwent conventional laparoscopic surgery (CLS) in the same time were matched as CLS group. The baseline characteristics and short-term outcomes were compared using t test, χ(2) test or Wilcoxon signed ranks test. Kaplan-Meier survival curves and Log-rank tests demonstrated the distribution of disease free survival. Results: The two study groups were well balanced with respect to the baseline characteristics of the propensity score derivation model. As compared to the CLS group, patients in SILS+ 1 group had a smaller incision ((6.9±1.1) cm vs . (8.4±1.2) cm, t =6.502, P =0.000), less estimated blood loss (20(11) ml vs . 50(30) ml, Z =2.414, P =0.016), shorter intracorporeal operating time ((67.0±25.8) minutes vs . (75.5±27.7) minutes, t =2.062, P =0.042) and significantly faster recovery course including shorter time to first ambulation ((46.7±20.3) hours vs . (78.6±28.0) hours, t =6.255, P =0.000), shorter time to first oral diet ((64.7±28.8) hours vs . (77.1±30.0) hours, t =2.026, P =0.047), shorter time of postoperative hospital stay ((7.8±2.2) days vs . (6.5±2.2) days, t =2.680, P =0.009), and lower postoperative visual analogue scale scores ( F =4.721, P =0.032). No significant difference was observed in total operating

  12. Alopecia Following Bicoronal Incisions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kadakia, Sameep; Badhey, Arvind; Ashai, Sara; Lee, Thomas S; Ducic, Yadranko

    2017-05-01

    Multiple techniques may be used to perform bicoronal incisions, and alopecia is a known postoperative complication of this procedure. To date, no large studies exist comparing alopecia outcomes among bicoronal incision techniques with and without the use of Raney clips. To determine (1) whether postoperative alopecia is more common when bicoronal incisions are performed with monopolar cautery, Colorado microdissection tip cautery, or traditional cold steel and (2) whether this outcome is affected by the use of Raney clips. This retrospective study of postoperative alopecia included 505 patients undergoing bicoronal incisions in a single head and neck surgery practice from 1997 to 2015 with a minimum follow-up of 1 year. Patients with preexisting baldness as well as patients not following up for the minimum period were excluded. All data analysis took place between 1997 and 2015. Maximum alopecia width was measured in the postoperative period and compared among the technique groups both with and without Raney clip use. Raney clip duration as a product of surgery length was also compared. A total of 505 patients (301 male, 204 female) ranging in age from 3 to 97 years were included in the study (median age, 53.9 years). Of these, 236 underwent bicoronal incisions to approach the skull base, 78 to treat chronic frontal sinusitis unresponsive to endoscopic management or frontal sinus mucocele, 143 for trauma, and 48 for craniofacial surgery. For 173 patients, the cold steel technique was used for both skin and subcutaneous incision, 102 of whom needed Raney clips. For 161 patients, cold steel technique was used for skin incisions and monopolar cautery for subcutaneous incision; 81 of these patients required Raney clips. For 171 patients, Colorado tip microdissection cautery was used for both skin and subcutaneous incision, with Raney clips used in 66 of these patients. Incisions made with cold steel for both skin and subcutaneous tissue, regardless of Raney clip use

  13. Small incision removal of nylon foil orbital implants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Catherine Y; Vemuri, Swapna; Tao, Jeremiah P

    2015-01-01

    To describe a small incision technique for the removal of a nylon foil orbital wall implant. The authors retrospectively reviewed the charts of 9 patients who underwent a minimally invasive anterior orbitotomy for nylon foil explantation. Indications for removal and surgical technique, including size of orbitotomy incision and extent of orbital dissection, were recorded. Motility, globe position, strabismus pre- and post procedure, and complications were also assessed. Photographs, videos, and postoperative imaging were included, when available. The indications for removal were adjacent sinusitis (4 cases), undesirable implant position (3), orbital abscess (1), and adjacent orbital emphysema (1). The removal technique was associated with no changes in motility, globe position, or strabismus postprocedure. The average incision size was 1.1 cm, and the procedure was rapid, usually seconds once the anterior aspect of the implant was exposed and grasped with a hemostat. The dissection in all cases was to the anterior aspect of the implant without a need for deep orbital manipulation. The authors demonstrate through video that the implant folds to exit through a small incision. No adverse events were noted. Nasal endoscopy and radiography demonstrated a fibrous capsule that maintained orbital structure and support. Thin nylon foil implant can be explanted safely and efficiently through a very small incision. The orbit maintains structure and configuration postexplantation in this series.

  14. Uso do cianoacrilato na síntese da pele de ratos trabalho de pesquisa experimental Use of cyanoacrylate as surgical adhesive in rats skin incisions: experimental study

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    Cláudio Carneiro Borba

    2000-03-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar o uso dos adesivos etil-cianoacrilato e butil-cianoacrilato com o náilon monofilamentar, comparativamente , na síntese da pele de ratos. Trinta e dois ratos foram distribuídos em três grupos: A, B e C. Estes grupos foram divididos em dois subgrupos, para estudo no sétimo e no décimo-quarto dia pós-operatório. Foram efetuadas no abdome do rato, duas incisões longitudinais e paralelas distando cada uma delas um centímetro da linha mediana, sendo uma do lado direito e a outra do lado esquerdo. Em todos os grupos a síntese da incisão do lado direito, foi realizada com pontos separados de náilon 5-zeros, sendo este considerado o grupo controle (C. Nos animais do grupo A, a síntese do lado esquerdo foi realizada com etil-cianoacrilato (Super Bonder e nos animais do grupo B, a síntese foi realizada com butil-cianoacrilato (Histoacryl. No sétimo e no décimo-quarto dia pós-operatório, o aspecto macroscópico da cicatriz não mostrou diferença significante.No aspecto microscópico.os grupos B e C foram melhores do que o A. Os resultados demonstraram que a síntese com o adesivo sintético é eficaz, mais rápida, indolor e com bons resultados estéticos.Cyanoacrylate derivates have been used as surgical adhesives, like ethyl-cyanoacrylate(Super-Bonder and buthyl-cyanoacrylate(Histoacryl for many years.In this study, the histotoxicity and binding ability of Super-Bonder and Histoacryl were compared.32 rats were operated, and distributed in 3 groups :A, B and C. Each group was subdivived in 2 subgroups , to be studied after 7 and 14 days postoperatory .2 longitudinals incisions with 3 centimetre in lenght, were done in each animal. The left incision was sutured with Nylon 5.0 (group C as controls and the right incision was sutured with ethil-cyanoacrylate (group A and buthil-cyanoacrylaty (group B. Our results allowed us to clearly study tissue acute inflammation, the presence of dehiscense and

  15. Surgical treatment of atrial and ventricular septal defects after unsuccessful interventional therapy: a retrospective analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Han Hongguang; Zhang Nanbin; Wang Zengwei; Wang Huishan; Zhu Hongyu; Li Xinmin

    2010-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the causes of failure in treating atrial septal defect (ASD) and ventricular septal defect (VSD) with interventional procedures and to evaluate the clinical efficacy of surgical treatment in order to increase the successful rate. Methods: A total of 13 patients, who underwent surgical therapy because of unsuccessful interventional treatment for ASD or VSD during the period of January 2001-December 2007, were selected,and the clinical data were retrospectively analyzed. The surgical indications included the occluder abscission (n=7), III degree atrioventricular conduction block (n=3), valvular regurgitation (n=2), residual shunt (n=1) and interventional failure (n=1). The cardiac surgeries, including removal of the displaced occluder and / or the repair of atrioventricular septal defects, were performed with the help of cardiopulmonary bypass in all 13 cases. After surgical treatment, all patients were transferred into ICU for further supervision and treatment. Results: The average diameter of ASD on surgical exploration was 31 mm, which was greater than the preoperative average diameter (26 mm), with a significant difference (P 0.05). The III degree atrioventricular conduction block in 3 cases restored sinus rhythm after operation. All the procedures were successfully completed in all patients. No death occurred during the hospitalization period. Conclusion: Proper and timely cardiac surgery is an effective and safe measure for the treatment of the complications due to unsuccessful interventional therapy as well as the atrioventricular septal defect itself. (authors)

  16. Novel dural incision and closure procedure for preventing postoperative cerebrospinal fluid leakage during the surgical removal of dumbbell-shaped spinal tumors: technical note.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ito, Kiyoshi; Aoyama, Tatsuro; Nakamura, Takuya; Hanaoka, Yoshiki; Horiuchi, Tetsuyoshi; Hongo, Kazuhiro

    2016-11-01

    The authors report on a new method for removing dumbbell-shaped spinal tumors that avoids the risk of postoperative cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage. Adequate visualization of the intra- and extradural components of the tumor is achieved with the use of separate dural incisions. First, the dura mater is opened along the dural theca to provide adequate visualization of the intradural portion of the mass; then, a second incision is made along the nerve root to remove the extradural component. Meticulous suturing is essential in intradural lesion cases; however, the dura mater is usually thin and fragile in such cases. During suturing with a needle and thread, the dura mater can become lacerated proximal to the needle holes and result in CSF leakage. In the authors' technique, instead of using a needle and thread, nonpenetrating vascular clips were used to close the dural incisions. When operating on dumbbell-shaped spinal tumors, the authors found that the "separate-dural-incision method" was preferable to the conventional T-shaped dural incision method because no dural defects occurred after the intradural procedure and meticulous dural closure with vascular clips was achieved. The authors conclude that the novel separate-dural-incision method for removing dumbbell-shaped tumors and the use of nonpenetrating vascular clips permits reliable dural closure, prevents postoperative CSF leakage, and promises good postoperative clinical results.

  17. Risk factors for surgical site infection following cesarean delivery: a retrospective cohort study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ketcheson, Felicia; Woolcott, Christy; Allen, Victoria; Langley, Joanne M

    2017-07-11

    The rate of cesarean delivery is increasing in North America. Surgical site infection following this operation can make it difficult to recover, care for a baby and return home. We aimed to determine the incidence of surgical site infection to 30 days following cesarean delivery, associated risk factors and whether risk factors differed for predischarge versus postdischarge infection. We identified a retrospective cohort in Nova Scotia by linking the provincial perinatal database to hospital admissions and physician billings databases to follow women for 30 days after they had given birth by cesarean delivery between Jan. 1, 1997 and Dec. 31, 2012. Logistic regression with generalized estimating equations was used to determine risk factors for infection. A total of 25 123 women had 33 991 cesarean deliveries over the study period. Of the 25 123, 923 had surgical site infections, giving an incidence rate of 2.7% (95% CI 2.54%-2.89%); the incidence decreased over time. Risk factors for infection (adjusted odds ratios ≥ 1.5) were prepregnancy weight 87.0 kg or more, gaining 30.0 kg or more during pregnancy, chorioamnionitis, maternal blood transfusion, anticoagulation therapy, alcohol or drug abuse, second stage of labour before surgery, delivery in 1997-2000 and delivery in a hospital performing 130-1249 cesarean deliveries annually. Women who gave birth earlier in the study period, those who gave birth in a hospital with 130-949 cesarean deliveries per year and those with more than 1 fetus were at a significantly higher risk for surgical site infection before discharge; women who smoked were at significantly higher risk for surgical site infection after discharge. Most risk factors are known before delivery, and some are potentially modifiable. Although the incidence of surgical site infection decreased over time, targeted clinical and infection prevention and control interventions could further reduce the burden of illness associated with this health

  18. The clinical outcomes of surgical treatment of noncontiguous spinal tuberculosis: a retrospective study in 23 cases.

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    Jia Huang

    Full Text Available STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective clinical study. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical efficacy of the surgical treatment of noncontiguous spinal tuberculosis (NSTB, and to discuss its therapeutic strategies. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of clinical and radiographic data that were prospectively collected on 550 consecutive spinal tubercular patients including 27 patients who were diagnosed and treated as NSTB in our institution from June 2005 to June 2011. Apart from 4 patients being treated conservatively, the remainder received surgery by posterior transforaminal debridement, interbody fusion with instrumentation, posterior instrumentation and anterior debridement with fusion in a single or two-stage operation. The clinical outcomes were evaluated before and after treatment in terms of hematologic and radiographic examinations, bone fusion and neurologic status. The Oswestry Disability Index score was determined before treatment and at the last follow-up visit. RESULTS: 23 patients (15 M/8F, averaged 44.6 ± 14.2 years old (range, 19 to 70 yd, who received surgical treatment, were followed up after surgery for a mean of 52.5 ± 19.5 months (range, 24 to 72 months. The kyphotic angle was changed significantly between pre- and postoperation (P<0.05. The mean amount of correction was 12.6 ± 7.2 degrees, with a small loss of correction at last follow-up. All patients achieved solid bone fusion. No patients with neurological deficit deteriorated postoperatively. Neither mortalities nor any major complications were found. There was a significant difference of Oswestry Disability Index scores between preoperation and the final follow-up. CONCLUSION: The outcomes of follow-up showed that posterior and posterior-anterior surgical treatment methods were both viable surgical options for NSTB. Posterior transforaminal debridement, interbody fusion and posterior instrumentation, as a less invasive technique, was feasible and effective to treat

  19. Single incision pediatric endoscopic surgery: advantages of relatively large incision

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yilmaz, E.; Afsarlar, E.; Karaman, I.

    2015-01-01

    To describe Single Incision Pediatric Endoscopic Surgery (SIPES) performed on children with various diagnoses, emphasizing its advantages. Study Design: An observational case series. Place and Duration of Study: Department of Pediatric Surgery, Dr. Sami Ulus Maternity and Child Health Hospital, Ankara, Turkey, from January 2011 to November 2014. Methodology: A review of patient charts was conducted in which SIPES was preferred as the surgical procedure. Patient demographics, operative details, operative time, clinical outcomes, postoperative pain and cosmesis were analyzed. Results: SIPES was performed on 45 patients (21 girls, 24 boys). Thirty-three appendectomies, 5 varicocelectomies, 3 oophorectomies, 2 ovarian and one paratubal cyst excision, and one fallopian tube excision were performed. All except one procedures were performed through our standard 2cm umbilical vertical or smile incision. In 18 cases, abdominal irrigation/aspiration was easily performed through the existing larger incision, as is done with open surgical technique. None of the patients had early postoperative shoulder/back pain since complete disinflation of CO/sub 2/ could be ensured. All of the patients/parents were satisfied with the cosmesis. Conclusion: SIPES has the advantages of limiting the surgical scar to within the umbilicus and providing easy disinflation of CO/sub 2/, allowing intraabdominal cleaning and extraction of large volume tissue samples through a single large umbilical incision. (author)

  20. Retrospective analysis of surgical strategies for traumatic lens dislocation in 105 cases

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    Sheng-Xiang Guo

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available AIM: To retrospectively analyze the surgical strategies and outcome of traumatic lens dislocation. METHODS: Retrospective study. Clinical data of 105 cases(105 eyesdiagnosed with traumatic lens dislocation from April to June 2014 in our hospital were recruited. According to position of dislocated lens and complicated situations, different surgical approaches were performed, including intracapsular lens extraction, phacoemulsification, vitrectomy through pars plana and lensectomy.Meanwhile, vitreo-retinal or anti-glaucoma surgeries were performed in complicated cases.Preoperative and postoperative LogMar(Logarithm of the Minimum Angle of Resolutionvisual acuity were compared by paired t-test. Perioperative complications including expulsive choroidal hemorrhages and recurrent retinal detachment were recorded and assessed. RESULTS: All 105 dislocated lenses were removed completely. Visual acuity of 91 eyes(86.7%were significantly improved postoperatively.The visual acuity of most patients was 0.1-0.3(42 eyes, 40.0%and 1 patient's visual acuity with lens subluxation reached more than 0.8 postoperatively. Expulsive choroidal hemorrhages occurred in 1 eye intraoperatively and 1 eye postoperatively. Recurrent retinal detachment was observed in 2 eyes postoperatively. CONCLUSION: According to position of the lens dislocation, personalized surgery strategy is critical for therapy of traumatic lens dislocation.Expulsive choroidal hemorrhage is one of most several complications and should be managed properly.

  1. Comparison of analgesic efficacy of transversus abdominis plane block with direct infiltration of local anesthetic into surgical incision in lower abdominal gynecological surgeries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sivapurapu, Vijayalakshmi; Vasudevan, Arumugam; Gupta, Sumanlata; Badhe, Ashok S

    2013-01-01

    Transversus abdominis plane block is a safe, simple and effective technique of providing analgesia for lower abdominal surgeries with easily identifiable landmarks. To compare the analgesic efficacy of transversus abdominis plane block with that of direct infiltration of local anesthetic into surgical incision in lower abdominal procedures. Prospective randomized controlled trial in lower abdominal surgeries done under general anesthesia. 52 ASA I-II patients undergoing lower abdominal gynecological procedures under general anesthesia were divided randomly into two groups each after written informed consent. A bilateral TAP block was performed on Group T with 0.25% bupivacaine 0.6 ml/kg with half the volume on either side intra-operatively after skin closure before extubation using a short bevelled needle, whereas Group I received local infiltration intra-operatively after skin closure with the same amount of drug. The time taken for the first rescue analgesic and visual analog score (VAS) was noted, following which, the patient was administered intravenous morphine 0.1 mg/kg and connected to an intravenous patient controlled analgesia system with morphine for 24 hrs from the time of block administration. 24 h morphine requirement was noted. VAS and sedation scores were noted at 2, 4, 6 and 24 h postoperatively. The results were analyzed with SPSS 16. A P value < 0.05 was considered significant. Duration of analgesia and 24 h morphine requirement was analysed by Student's t-test. VAS scores, with paired comparisons at each time interval, were performed using the t-test or Mann-Whitney U-test, as appropriate. Categorical data were analyzed using Chi square or Fisher's exact test. In Group T, the time to rescue analgesic was significantly more and the VAS scores were lower (P = 0.001 and 0.003 respectively). The 24 hr morphine requirement and VAS at 2, 4, 6 and 24 h were less in the Group T (P = 0.001). Incidence of PONV was significant in Group I (P = 0

  2. Influence of upper and temporal transconjunctival sclerocorneal incision on marginal reflex distance after cataract surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tamaki, Rikiya; Gosho, Masahiko; Mizumoto, Kyoichi; Kato, Nahoko; Zako, Masahiro

    2016-07-07

    Ptosis incidence following cataract surgery is reduced with a recently developed phacoemulsification technique using a small incision. However, it remains uncertain whether an upper transconjunctival sclerocorneal incision can cause minor blepharoptosis. In the present prospective study, patients underwent cataract surgery with either an upper or temporal 2.4-mm transconjunctival sclerocorneal incision. We measured the marginal reflex distance 1 (MRD1) preoperatively and postoperatively, and compared these measurements between the two different incision types. Further we explored the risk factors of the postoperative MRD1 reduction. The study population included patients who underwent cataract surgery on both eyes at Aichi Medical University between October 2013 and September 2015. In each patient, one eye was operated using an upper 2.4-mm transconjunctival sclerocorneal incision, and the other with a temporal incision. We prespecified that an MRD1 difference of ≥0.5 mm between the pre- and post-surgical measurements indicated postoperative ptosis, which was a strict criterion. MRD1 was measured using digital photography, and we calculated the difference between the preoperative and postoperative MRD1 values. This change in MRD1 was compared between the groups with different incision locations. The change in MRD1 was analyzed by using the multivariate regression model including incision position (temporal or upper), preoperative MRD1, and preoperative distance between medial and lateral canthi. We assessed data from a total of 34 patients. The mean change in MRD1 from pre-operation to post-operation measurements was -0.26 ± 0.93 with the temporal incision and -0.24 ± 0.86 with the upper incision. The mean difference in the change in MRD1 between the different two incision types was -0.02, with a 95 % CI of -0.24 to 0.20, establishing equivalence between these incision types. The multivariate regression analysis showed that the preoperative MRD1 was

  3. Surgical care for the aged: a retrospective cross-sectional study of a national surgical mortality audit

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allen, Jennifer; North, John B; Ware, Robert S

    2015-01-01

    Objectives It is assumed that increased age signifies increased surgical care. Few surgical studies describe the differences in care provided to older patients compared with younger patients. We aimed to examine the relationships between increasing age, preoperative factors and markers of postoperative care in adults who died in-hospital after surgery in Australia. Design This retrospective cross-sectional study extracted data from a national surgical mortality audit—an independent, peer-reviewed process. Setting From January 2009 to December 2012, 111 public and 61 private Australian hospitals notified the audit of in-hospital deaths after general anaesthetic surgery or if the patient was admitted under a surgeon. Participants Notified deaths totalled 19 723. We excluded deaths if patients were brain dead, younger than 17 years or never had an operation (n=11 376). From this baseline population, we divided 11 201 deaths into three patient age groups: youngest (17–64 years), medium (65–79 years) and oldest (≥80 years). Outcome measures Univariable and multivariable logistic regression analyses determined the relationships between increasing age and the measured preoperative factors and postoperative variables. Results The baseline population's median age was 78 years (IQR 66–85), 43.7% (4892/11 201) were 80 years or older and 83.4% (9319/11 173) had emergency admissions. The oldest group had increased trauma and emergency admissions than the medium and youngest age groups. Seven of the eight measured markers of postoperative care demonstrate strong and significant relationships with increasing age. The oldest group compared with the medium group had decreased rates of: unplanned returns to theatre (11.2% (526/4709) vs 20.2% (726/3586)), unplanned intensive care admissions (16.3% (545/3350) vs 24.0% (601/2504)) and treatment in intensive care units (59.7% (2689/4507) vs 76.7% (2754/3590)). Conclusions The oldest patients received

  4. Evaluation of the Unit Rod surgical instrumentation in Duchenne scoliosis. A retrospective study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nedelcu, T; Georgescu, I

    2016-01-01

    The article represents a retrospective clinical and radiological study. Objectives. Evaluating the safety and efficiency of the surgical treatment by using the Unit Rod for scoliosis in adolescents and children presenting Duchenne's muscular dystrophy. Summary. Surgical management of myopathic scoliosis still causes controversies regarding the timing of surgery (patient's age), the pelvic inclusion in the arthrodesis or the advantages of surgery over the conservatory treatment. The patients are very fragile and a long surgery with massive blood loss could lead to serious complications. Unit Rod instrumentation is simple, confers excellent stability and has a low rate of complications. Methods. This is a retrospective clinical and radiological study with a medium follow-up of 6.9 years including 13 patients diagnosed with Duchenne myopathy. All investigated patients were non-ambulatory at the time of surgery and have been treated by the Unit Rod technique at the University Hospital of Rouen between 2002 and 2008. Spinal fusion was, in all cases, realized from T2 to pelvis. Galveston technique of pelvic fixation and Luque's sublaminar wire instrumentation of the spine were used. Results. The results obtained with this treatment and post-surgery complications were analyzed and compared with those from literature. The advantages of this technique consist mostly in a good and stable pelvic fixation, a short interventional time, a minimal blood loss and few complications. Cobb angle correction is similar to that obtained by other surgical procedures. Conclusions. Using the Unit Rod instrumentation of scoliosis in Duchenne's muscular dystrophy is safe, has excellent outcomes, brings post-surgery improvements, and has minor intra and post-surgery complications. The low cost of this treatment could make it a first choice for medical health systems with financial problems.

  5. Acute and long-term survival in chronically critically ill surgical patients: a retrospective observational study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hartl, Wolfgang H; Wolf, Hilde; Schneider, Christian P; Küchenhoff, Helmut; Jauch, Karl-Walter

    2007-01-01

    Various cohort studies have shown that acute (short-term) mortality rates in unselected critically ill patients may have improved during the past 15 years. Whether these benefits also affect acute and long-term prognosis in chronically critically ill patients is unclear, as are determinants relevant to prognosis. We conducted a retrospective analysis of data collected from March 1993 to February 2005. A cohort of 390 consecutive surgical patients requiring intensive care therapy for more than 28 days was analyzed. The intensive care unit (ICU) survival rate was 53.6%. Survival rates at one, three and five years were 61.8%, 44.7% and 37.0% among ICU survivors. After adjustment for relevant covariates, acute and long-term survival rates did not differ significantly between 1993 to 1999 and 1999 to 2005 intervals. Acute prognosis was determined by disease severity during ICU stay and by primary diagnosis. However, only the latter was independently associated with long-term prognosis. Advanced age was an independent prognostic determinant of poor short-term and long-term survival. Acute and long-term prognosis in chronically critically ill surgical patients has remained unchanged throughout the past 12 years. After successful surgical intervention and intensive care, long-term outcome is reasonably good and is mainly determined by age and underlying disease.

  6. Retrospective Evaluation of Surgical Anatomical Repair of Distal Biceps Brachii Tendon Rupture Using Suture Anchor Fixation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Witkowski, Jarosław; Królikowska, Aleksandra; Czamara, Andrzej; Reichert, Paweł

    2017-10-17

    BACKGROUND To date, no consensus has been reached regarding the preferred fixation method to use in the repair of distal biceps brachii tendon rupture. The aim of this study was to clinically and functionally (Mayo Elbow Performance Index, MEPI) assess the upper limb after surgical anatomic reinsertion of the distal biceps brachii tendon with the use of suture anchor fixation method with regard to postoperative time and limb dominance, and to assess postoperative complications. MATERIAL AND METHODS The sample comprised 18 males (age 52.09±8.89 years) after surgical anatomical distal biceps brachii reinsertion using suture anchor fixation. A comprehensive clinical and functional evaluation and pain assessment were performed. RESULTS In terms of postoperative complications, an isolated case of surgical site sensory disturbances was noted. Circumferences (p-value 0.21-1.00) and ROM (p-value 0.07-1.00) were similar in the operated and nonoperated limbs. The isometric torque (IT) values of muscles flexing and supinating the forearm were comparable in both limbs (p-value 0.14-0.95), but in patients with the operated dominant limb, the mean IT value was not higher than the value obtained in the nonoperated nondominant one. The MEPI indicated good and excellent results (80.00±15.00-90.00±8.66 points), but a detailed individual analysis showed that reported scores were not in line with objectively measured features. CONCLUSIONS The results of the comprehensive retrospective evaluation justify the clinical use of suture anchors fixation method in the surgical anatomical reinsertion of a ruptured distal biceps brachii tendon. The assessment of a patient should always report both subjective and objective measures.

  7. Clinical features and surgical management of spinal osteoblastoma: a retrospective study in 18 cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Zhonghai; Zhao, Yantao; Hou, Shuxun; Mao, Ningfang; Yu, Shunzhi; Hou, Tiesheng

    2013-01-01

    To investigate the clinical manifestation and surgical outcome of spinal osteoblastoma. From June 2006 to July 2011, 18 patients with spinal osteoblastoma treated surgically were analyzed retrospectively. There were 11 males and 7 females with an average age of 27.5 years(range, 16-38 years). The tumors were located at C5 in 7, C6 in 6, C7 in 3, C6-T1 1 in 1 and T11 in 1. Based on WBB classification, 16 were 1-3 or 10-12 and 2 were 4-9 and 1-3. 18 operations had been performed with en bloc resection. A posterior approach was used for 16 patients, and a combined posterior and anterior approach was used for 2 patients. Reconstruction using instrumentation and fusion was performed using spinal instrumentation in 13 patients. We used visual analogue scales (VAS) to evaluate the change of pain before and after the operation, and the McCormick System to assess functional status of the spine. Imaging test was used to review the stability and recurrence rate of spine cord, and the confluence of graft bones. All cases were followed up for 24-80 months (average, 38.4 months). The average surgical time was 120.8 minutes (range, 80-220 minutes), with the average intraoperative blood loss of 520 ml (range, 300-1200 ml). During the follow-up period, the VAS grade reduced from 6.46±1.32 to 2.26±1.05 (P osteoblastoma has its own specific radiographic features. There is some recurrence in simple curettage of tumor lesion. The thoroughly en bloc resection of tumor or spondylectomy, bone fusion and strong in Ter fixation are the key points for successful surgical treatment.

  8. Clinical Features and Surgical Management of Spinal Osteoblastoma: A Retrospective Study in 18 Cases

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hou, Shuxun; Mao, Ningfang; Yu, Shunzhi; Hou, Tiesheng

    2013-01-01

    Objectives To investigate the clinical manifestation and surgical outcome of spinal osteoblastoma. Methods From June 2006 to July 2011, 18 patients with spinal osteoblastoma treated surgically were analyzed retrospectively. There were 11 males and 7 females with an average age of 27.5 years(range, 16-38 years). The tumors were located at C5 in 7, C6 in 6, C7 in 3, C6-T1 1 in 1 and T11 in 1. Based on WBB classification, 16 were 1-3 or 10-12 and 2 were 4-9 and 1-3. 18 operations had been performed with en bloc resection. A posterior approach was used for 16 patients, and a combined posterior and anterior approach was used for 2 patients. Reconstruction using instrumentation and fusion was performed using spinal instrumentation in 13 patients. We used visual analogue scales (VAS) to evaluate the change of pain before and after the operation, and the McCormick System to assess functional status of the spine. Imaging test was used to review the stability and recurrence rate of spine cord, and the confluence of graft bones. Results All cases were followed up for 24-80 months (average, 38.4 months). The average surgical time was 120.8 minutes (range, 80-220 minutes), with the average intraoperative blood loss of 520 ml (range, 300-1200 ml). During the follow-up period, the VAS grade reduced from 6.46±1.32 to 2.26±1.05 (P osteoblastoma has its own specific radiographic features. There is some recurrence in simple curettage of tumor lesion. The thoroughly en bloc resection of tumor or spondylectomy, bone fusion and strong in Ter fixation are the key points for successful surgical treatment. PMID:24058612

  9. Utility of surgical lung biopsy in critically ill patients with diffuse pulmonary infiltrates: a retrospective review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donaldson, L H; Gill, A J; Hibbert, M

    2016-11-01

    There are conflicting reports regarding the role of surgical lung biopsies in patients who present to the intensive care unit (ICU) with unexplained respiratory failure and diffuse pulmonary infiltrates on imaging. To describe the utility of surgical lung biopsies in patients presenting to the ICU with unexplained respiratory failure and diffuse pulmonary infiltrates. A retrospective cohort study was performed. All patients admitted to the ICU who underwent a surgical lung biopsy for the investigation of respiratory failure and unexplained pulmonary infiltrates between 1998 and 2012 were included. The primary outcome measures for this descriptive study were the biopsy histopathology, changes in patient management following biopsy and in-hospital mortality. A total of 30 patients was included in the review. Biopsies in 22 patients (73%) demonstrated diffuse alveolar damage (DAD), with 15 of these biopsies (50%) suggesting a specific underlying aetiology. In 73% of cases (n = 22), the biopsy finding was associated with a change in management, although this generally involved the escalation of an existing therapy rather than initiation of a new treatment. Biopsies were performed at a median 10 days after admission (interquartile range 5-17 days), with the majority of patients being treated empirically prior to the biopsy with systemic steroids and broad-spectrum antimicrobials. Mortality was 53%. In this series, DAD was the most frequent pathology. The biopsy result was associated with a change in management in a majority of the subjects, most frequently an escalation of prior empiric therapy. Mortality was high. © 2016 Royal Australasian College of Physicians.

  10. Is There a Cosmetic Advantage to Single-Incision Laparoscopic Surgical Techniques Over Standard Laparoscopic Surgery? A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evans, Luke; Manley, Kate

    2016-06-01

    Single-incision laparoscopic surgery represents an evolution of minimally invasive techniques, but has been a controversial development. A cosmetic advantage is stated by many authors, but has not been found to be universally present or even of considerable importance by patients. This systematic review and meta-analysis demonstrates that there is a cosmetic advantage of the technique regardless of the operation type. The treatment effect in terms of cosmetic improvement is of the order of 0.63.

  11. Applicability of the Clavien-Dindo classification to emergency surgical procedures: a retrospective cohort study on 444 consecutive patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mentula, Panu J; Leppäniemi, Ari K

    2014-01-01

    Patients undergoing emergency surgery have a high risk for surgical complications and death. The Clavien-Dindo classification has been developed and validated in elective general surgical patients, but has not been validated in emergency surgical patients. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the Clavien-Dindo classification of surgical complications in emergency surgical patients and to study preoperative factors for risk stratification that should be included into a database of surgical complications. A cohort of 444 consecutive patients having emergency general surgery during a three-month period was retrospectively analyzed. Surgical complications were classified according to the Clavien-Dindo classification. Preoperative risk factors for complications were studied using logistic regression analysis. Preoperatively 37 (8.3%) patients had organ dysfunctions. Emergency surgical patients required a new definition for Grade IV complications (organ dysfunctions). Only new onset organ dysfunctions or complications that significantly contributed to worsening of pre-operative organ dysfunctions were classified as grade IV complications. Postoperative complications developed in 115 (25.9%) patients, and 14 (3.2%) patients developed grade IV complication. Charlson comorbidity index, preoperative organ dysfunction and the type of surgery predicted postoperative complications. The Clavien-Dindo classification of surgical complications can be used in emergency surgical patients but preoperative organ dysfunctions should be taken into account when defining postoperative grade IV complications. For risk stratification patients' comorbidities, preoperative organ dysfunctions and the type of surgery should be taken into consideration.

  12. [Preliminary clinical experience of single incision laparoscopic colorectal surgery].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, S D; Han, J Y

    2016-06-01

    Objective: To discuss the preliminary experience of single incision laparoscopic colorectal surgery. Methods: The clinical data and surgical outcomes of 104 selected patients who underwent single incision laparoscopic colorectal surgery in the 2 nd Department of General Surgery, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University from January 2010 to September 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 62 male and 42 female patients, aging from 21 to 87 years with a mean of (61±12) years. Eighty-five patients were diagnosed with malignancy while the rest 19 cases were benign diseases. All the procedures were performed by the same surgeon using the rigid laparoscopic instruments. Surgical and oncological outcomes were analyzed in 4 kinds of procedures which are over 5 cases respectively, including low anterior resection, abdominoperineal resection, radical right colon resection and radical sigmoidectomy. Results: Single incision laparoscopic colorectal surgery was performed in 104 selected patients and was successfully managed in 99 cases with a total conversion rate of 4.8%. Radical procedures for malignancy in cases with the number of patients more than 5 were performed for 74 cases. For low anterior resection, 35 cases with an average surgical time of (191±57) minutes, average estimated blood loss of (117±72) ml and average number of harvested lymph nodes of 14.6±1.1. For abdominoperineal resection, 9 cases with an average surgical time of (226±54) minutes, average estimated blood loss of (194±95) ml and average number of harvested lymph nodes of 14.1±1.5. For radical right colon resection, 16 cases with an average surgical time of (222±62) minutes, average estimated blood loss of (142±68) ml and average number of harvested lymph nodes of 15.4±2.4. For radical sigmoidectomy, 14 cases with an average surgical time of (159±32) minutes, average estimated blood loss of (94±33) ml and average number of harvested lymph nodes of 13.9±1.5. The overall

  13. Retrospective analysis of skin complications related to bone-anchored hearing aid implant: association with surgical technique, quality of life, and audiological benefit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peñaranda, Daniel; Garcia, Juan Manuel; Aparicio, Maria Leonor; Montes, Felipe; Barón, Clemencia; Jiménez, Roberto C; Peñaranda, Augusto

    2017-04-25

    The bone-anchored hearing aid is an effective form of auditory rehabilitation. Due to the nature of the implant, the most common complications are skin related. A number of alternative surgical implantation techniques have been used to reduce the frequency and severity of skin complications, including the U-shaped graft and the linear incision. To assess skin complications and their association with surgical technique, quality of life, and audiological benefit in patients with bone-anchored hearing aids. This was a retrospective study conducted in a tertiary referral center in Bogotá, Colombia. Patients who had been fitted with a bone-anchored hearing aid implant (unilaterally or bilaterally) for at least 6 months were included in the study. The Holgers classification was used to classify skin complications (Grade 0=none; Grade 1=erythema; Grade 2=erythema and discharge; Grade 3=granulation tissue; and Grade 4=inflammation/infection resulting in the removal of the abutment). The Glasgow Benefit Inventory questionnaire was used to determine quality of life, and the Abbreviated Profile of Hearing Aid Benefit questionnaire was used to determine the subjective audiological benefit. A total of 37 patients were included in the study (30 with unilateral implants and 7 with bilateral implant). Of the 44 implants evaluated, 31 (70.3%) were associated with skin complications (7 [15.9%] Grade 1; 4 [9.1%] Grade 2; 15 [34.1%] Grade 3, 5 [11.4%] Grade 4). The U-shaped graft was statistically associated with major complications (Grades 3 and 4) compared with the linear incision technique (p=0.045). No statistically significant differences were found between Abbreviated Profile of Hearing Aid Benefit scores and severity of complications. Similarly, no differences were found between Glasgow Benefit Inventory physical health questions and skin complications. Despite the high frequency, skin complications did not seem to affect quality of life or subjective audiological benefits of

  14. Clinical features and surgical management of spinal osteoblastoma: a retrospective study in 18 cases.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhonghai Li

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: To investigate the clinical manifestation and surgical outcome of spinal osteoblastoma. METHODS: From June 2006 to July 2011, 18 patients with spinal osteoblastoma treated surgically were analyzed retrospectively. There were 11 males and 7 females with an average age of 27.5 years(range, 16-38 years. The tumors were located at C5 in 7, C6 in 6, C7 in 3, C6-T1 1 in 1 and T11 in 1. Based on WBB classification, 16 were 1-3 or 10-12 and 2 were 4-9 and 1-3. 18 operations had been performed with en bloc resection. A posterior approach was used for 16 patients, and a combined posterior and anterior approach was used for 2 patients. Reconstruction using instrumentation and fusion was performed using spinal instrumentation in 13 patients. We used visual analogue scales (VAS to evaluate the change of pain before and after the operation, and the McCormick System to assess functional status of the spine. Imaging test was used to review the stability and recurrence rate of spine cord, and the confluence of graft bones. RESULTS: All cases were followed up for 24-80 months (average, 38.4 months. The average surgical time was 120.8 minutes (range, 80-220 minutes, with the average intraoperative blood loss of 520 ml (range, 300-1200 ml. During the follow-up period, the VAS grade reduced from 6.46±1.32 to 2.26±1.05 (P <0.05. 15 patients had neurological function improved and 3 remained no change which was evaluated by McCormick scale for spinal function status at final follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Spinal osteoblastoma has its own specific radiographic features. There is some recurrence in simple curettage of tumor lesion. The thoroughly en bloc resection of tumor or spondylectomy, bone fusion and strong in Ter fixation are the key points for successful surgical treatment.

  15. Comparison of Different Surgical Options in the Treatment of Pilonidal Disease: Retrospective Analysis of 175 Patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Omer Faik Ersoy

    2007-02-01

    Full Text Available Pilonidal sinus disease is a benign disorder with an unidentified etiology and is observed mainly in young adults. It is an important health problem because it causes work loss. Although various nonsurgical treatment options have been tried up to date, there is a consensus on surgical intervention to treat the disease today. The optimal surgical method should be simple, associated with short hospital stay and low recurrence rates. In this study, patients who have undergone different surgical treatment methods due to pilonidal disease were retrospectively analyzed. The medical records of 175 patients who were operated on between 2002 and 2005 at the General Surgery Departments of Gaziosmanpasa University Medical School and Bartin State Hospital for pilonidal disease were reviewed for treatment option, postoperative complications, hospitalization time, work-off periods, and recurrence rates. The patients consisted of 150 (85.3% males with a mean age of 26.47 ± 7.78 years. Marsupialization was applied to 82 (46.9%, unroofing to 20 (14.7%, primary closure to 29 (16.6%, and Limberg flap to 44 (25.1% patients. The longest hospitalization period of 3.61 ± 1.08 days was observed in the Limberg flap group. The longest return to work period (20.12 ± 5.1 days was observed in the marsupialization group. Both differences were significant. The highest complication rate was observed among the primary closure group (31% followed by the patients treated by Limberg flap technique (15.8%. In the primary closure group, infection was detected in five (17.2% and wound dehiscence in four (13.8% individuals. The highest complication rates (31.03% and recurrences (13.8% were observed in the primary closure group. Various operative methods utilized in the treatment of pilonidal disease are associated with a number of advantages and disadvantages. Postoperative complication rates of unroofing and marsupialization are low, but require long wound care. In our study, we

  16. Trends in surgical mortality following colorectal resection between 2002 and 2012: A single-centre, retrospective analysis.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Stephens, I

    2017-06-01

    Surgical mortality is a commonly-used measurement of surgical risk. It is imperative that patients receive accurate, up-to-date information regarding operative risk. To date, studies investigating temporal changes in surgical mortality following colorectal resection in Ireland have been limited. This retrospective study investigates such trends in one of the eight centres for symptomatic and screen-detected colorectal cancers in Ireland, across an 11-year period. A steady decline in surgical mortality was found across this time, showing a significant difference in rates before and after centralisation of rectal cancer care and the advent of colorectal surgery as a surgical specialisation (5.2%, 1.52%). This has important implications for the organisation of colorectal cancer care in Ireland.

  17. Single-incision total laparoscopic hysterectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sinha Rakesh

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Single-incision laparoscopic surgery is an alternative to conventional multiport laparoscopy. Single-access laparoscopy using a transumbilical port affords maximum cosmetic benefits because the surgical incision is hidden in the umbilicus. The advantages of single-access laparoscopic surgery may include less bleeding, infection, and hernia formation and better cosmetic outcome and less pain. The disadvantages and limitations include longer surgery time, difficulty in learning the technique, and the need for specialized instruments. Ongoing refinement of the surgical technique and instrumentation is likely to expand its role in gynecologic surgery in the future. We perform single-incision total laparoscopic hysterectomy using three ports in the single transumbilical incision.

  18. Intraabdominal candidiasis in surgical ICU patients treated with anidulafungin: A multicenter retrospective study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maseda, Emilio; Rodríguez-Manzaneque, Marta; Dominguez, David; González-Serrano, Matilde; Mouriz, Lorena; Álvarez-Escudero, Julián; Ojeda, Nazario; Sánchez-Zamora, Purificación; Granizo, Juan-José; Giménez, María-José

    2016-02-01

    Patients with recent intraabdominal events are at uniquely risk for intraabdominal candidiasis (IAC). Candida peritonitis is a frequent and life-threatening complication in surgically ill patients. International guidelines do not specifically address IAC. This study describes clinical features of IAC in critical patients treated with anidulafungin in Surgical ICUs (SICUs). A practice-based retrospective study was performed including all adults with IAC admitted to 19 SICUs for ≥24h treated with anidulafungin. IAC was documented (Candida isolation from blood/peritoneal fluid/abscess fluid and/or histopathological confirmation) or presumptive (host factors plus clinical criteria without mycological support). Total population and the subgroup of septic shock patients were analyzed. One hundred and thirty nine patients were included, 94 (67.6%) with septic shock, 112 (86.2%) after urgent surgery. Of them, 77.7% presented peritonitis and 21.6% only intraabdominal abscesses. Among 56.8% cases with documented IAC, C. albicans (52.8%) followed by C. glabrata (27.8%) were the most frequent species. Anidulafungin was primarily used as empirical therapy (59.7%), microbiologically directed (20.9%) and anticipated therapy (15.8%). Favourable response was 79.1% (76.6% among patients with septic shock). Intra-SICU mortality was 25.9% (28.7% among patients with septic shock). Among IACs managed at SICUs, peritonitis was the main presentation, with high percentage of patients presenting septic shock. C. albicans followed by C. glabrata were the main responsible species. Anidulafungin treatment was mostly empirical followed by microbiologically directed therapy, with a favourable safety profile, even among patients with septic shock.

  19. SURGICAL RECONSTRUCTION IN PRESSURE ULCERS- A RETROSPECTIVE STUDY OF THE WORKHORSE FLAP OPTIONS

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    Sheeja Rajan T. M

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND Pressure ulcers can significantly contribute to morbidity and mortality by chronic infections. Radical debridement of all devitalised and infected tissues followed by a reconstructive algorithm for soft tissue padding over bony prominences to prevent recurrent breakdown are the mainstay of surgical management of pressure ulcers. Choice of the soft tissue flap for reconstruction is influenced by the dimensions of ulcers, local tissue availability and surgeon’s preferences. MATERIALS AND METHODS This retrospective study includes 140 patients with spinal injuries having pressure ulcers of NPUAP grade III and IV treated surgically over a period of four years. The demographics of pressure ulcers, the workhorse flap options as well as the outcome were analysed. RESULTS The pressure ulcers were seen predominantly in males (93.6% of 40-49 years’ age group (42.8%. Ischial pressure ulcers (n=104 constituted 74.2% followed by sacral pressure ulcers (n=24 that is 17.1% and trochanteric pressure ulcers (n=12 in 8.6%. Debridement and direct closure of wound were possible only in 10 cases. Majority (92.8% of patients needed additional tissues for wound coverage. Our workhorse fasciocutaneous flaps were rotation flaps from the gluteal region or posterior thigh with medial or lateral based designs (34.2%. Local muscle tissue was used in 64 cases (46% either as gluteal, tensor fascia lata and biceps femoris myocutaneous flaps or gluteus maximus, hamstring or gracilis muscle fillers in myoplasty. CONCLUSIONS Rotation flap along with myoplasty were our workhorse flap options in majority of the pressure ulcers. But, our future perspective is to spare muscle and use more fasciocutaneous perforator flaps for reconstruction according to evidence-based clinical practice.

  20. Surgical outcomes for unilateral superior oblique palsy in Chinese population:a retrospective study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gordon Shing kin Yau

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available AIM: To evaluate the outcome after surgery for unilateral superior oblique (SO palsy in Chinese. METHODS: The medical records of 39 patients that underwent surgery for unilateral SO palsy between January 2003 and December 2012 at Caritas Medical Centre, Hong Kong, were retrospectively reviewed. All surgeries were performed by a single surgeon. Pre-operative assessments for vertical deviation, cyclo-deviation, and Knapp’s classification were obtained to determine the nature and degree of surgical correction. Vertical deviation was measured at 1wk; 1, 6mo and on last follow-up day post-operatively. Cyclo-deviation was measured on last follow-up day post-operatively. RESULTS: During the 10y period, 39 subjects were recruited. The most common etiology was congenital (94.9%. Knapp’s Type III (66.7% and Type I (12.8% classifications were the most common subtypes. To treat SO palsy, the most common surgical procedures were: isolated inferior oblique (IO anteriorization (41.0%, isolated IO myectomy (10.3%, and isolated IO recession (10.3%. At 3.5±2.1y post-operatively, the vertical deviation was significantly reduced (15.1±6.2 PD versus 0.5±1.4 PD, PCONCLUSION: The majority of subjects achieved corrected vertical deviation after a single surgery although there was no improvement in cyclo-deviation. Those with over-correction of primary position deviation had greater preoperative vertical deviation and it may be related to simultaneous multiple muscle surgery.

  1. Odontogenic sinusitis maxillaris: A retrospective study of 121 cases with surgical intervention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zirk, Matthias; Dreiseidler, Timo; Pohl, Matthias; Rothamel, Daniel; Buller, Johannes; Peters, Franziska; Zöller, Joachim E; Kreppel, Matthias

    2017-04-01

    Otolaryngologists, dentists and maxilla-facial surgeons see patients suffering from odontogenic maxillary sinusitis on a daily routine. The study was performed to investigate the different origins of the odontogenic maxillary sinusitis ranging from periodontitis to augmentative implant surgery. Furthermore, the microbial flora of purulent odontogenic maxillary sinusitis was analyzed in order to present a proper antibiotic treatment in addition to a surgical approach. A retrospective study was performed, analyzing the clinical trials of 121 patients suffering from odontogenic maxillary sinusitis who undergone surgery. Harvested bacteria were tested for susceptibility on a routine base, surgical reports of removed foreign material or dental focus were reviewed as well as preoperative CBCT. Patients mean age was 56.62 (±16 SD) with a slight female gender dominance. Allergic profile to β-lactam antibiotics had no influence on patients' length of in-hospital stay. 69 out of 121 cases of OMS occurred after dental surgery (extractions, augmentation or implant surgery). Maxillary molars were the teeth mostly hold accountable for an onset without surgery in recent history. 22.3% of the patients possessed a dislocated foreign body in the maxillary sinus. Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection was significantly associated with misplaced foreign bodies (root filling, augmentative dental material e.g. p < 0.05). We protocoled an anaerobic dominance with 45 anaerobes versus 19 aerobes. Ampicillin/Sulbactam (80%) and Piperacillin/Tazobactam (93.3%) present sufficient susceptibly rates to the harvested bacteria. Likewise showed Moxifloxacin (86.3%) equal results, whereas Clindamycin had a poor outcome with merely 50% of the tested bacteria being susceptible to Clindamycin. If OMS is diagnosed dental focus should be treated, misplaced bodies should be removed and purulent exacerbation has to be additionally treated with a calculated antibiotic therapy according to the pathogens

  2. Magnifying loupes versus surgical microscope in endodontic surgery: a four-year retrospective study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taschieri, Silvio; Weinstein, Tommaso; Tsesis, Igor; Bortolin, Monica; Del Fabbro, Massimo

    2013-08-01

    The purpose of this retrospective study was to evaluate the 4-year outcome of endodontic microsurgery using two different magnification devices. One-hundred and two teeth in 65 patients were included according to specific selection criteria. Endodontic surgery was performed under surgical microscope as magnification device in 63 teeth in 36 patients, while 39 teeth in 29 patients were treated under magnifying loupes. Thirteen patients did not attend the 4-year follow up. The overall success rate on a patient basis was 91.7% at the 1-year and 90.5% at the 4-year follow up for the group using loupes, while for the group using microscope it was 91.4% at the 1-year and 93.3% at the 4-year follow up. The relative risk was 2.07 (95% confidence interval: 0.31, 13.95) in favour of the group in which microscope was used. No statistically significant difference was found in the treatment outcomes relating to the type of magnification device. © 2011 The Authors. Australian Endodontic Journal © 2011 Australian Society of Endodontology.

  3. Hemipelvectomy: outcome in 84 dogs and 16 cats. A veterinary society of surgical oncology retrospective study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bray, Jonathan P; Worley, Deanna R; Henderson, Ralph A; Boston, Sarah E; Mathews, Kyle G; Romanelli, Giorgio; Bacon, Nicholas J; Liptak, Julius M; Scase, Tim J

    2014-01-01

    To report clinical findings, perioperative complications and long-term outcome in dogs and cats that had hemipelvectomy surgery for treatment of neoplasia. Multi-institutional retrospective case series. Dogs (n = 84) and cats (16). Medical records (January 2000 to December 2009) of dogs and cats that had hemipelvectomy at participating institutions were reviewed. Postoperative progress and current status of the patient at the time of the study was determined by either medical record review, or via telephone contact with the referring veterinarian or owner. Complications were infrequent and usually minor. Hemorrhage was the main intraoperative complication; 2 dogs required blood transfusion. One dog developed an incisional hernia. In dogs, hemangiosarcoma had the worst prognosis with a median survival time (MST) of 179 days. MST for chondrosarcoma (1232 days), osteosarcoma (533 days), and soft tissue sarcoma (373 days) were not statistically different. Median disease-free interval (DFI) for local recurrence of all tumor types was 257 days. Cats had 75% survival at 1 year, which was significantly longer than dogs. Survival times for most tumor types can be good, but surgical margins should be carefully evaluated to ensure complete tumor removal. Adjuvant therapies may be advisable particularly for dogs to reduce rates of local recurrence or distant metastasis. © Copyright 2013 by The American College of Veterinary Surgeons.

  4. Clinical features and surgical procedures of congenital vaginal atresia-A retrospective study of 67 patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xie, Zhihong; Zhang, Xiaoping; Zhang, Ningzhi; Xiao, Hong; Liu, Yongying; Liu, Jiandong; Chen, Lili; Li, Liang; Zhang, Linlin; Zhang, Youguo

    2017-10-01

    To explore the characteristics of congenital vaginal atresia, further improve its classification, and therefore help the clinical diagnosis and treatment of congenital vaginal atresia. This was a retrospective study of 67 patients with congenital vaginal atresia (from March 1984 to March 2015). Clinical and surgical characteristics were analyzed. For lower vaginal atresia, 25 patients successfully underwent vaginoplasty at the lower portion of the vagina. For complete vagina atresia, 25 patients with type i cervical atresia were treated with artificial vaginoplasty+tracheloplasty, and all showed no dysmenorrhea within six months after surgery. Four patients with type ii cervical atresia and two patients with type iii cervical atresia successfully underwent hysterectomy+artificialvaginoplasty. Two patients with type iv cervical atresia underwent combined abdominoperineal artificial vaginoplasty+tracheloplasty. One patient with upper vaginal atresia successfully underwent hysterectomy via the narrow segment of the cervix. Three patients with top vaginal atresia had no dysmenorrhea after transvaginaltracheloplasty. This study suggests two new categories of vaginal atresia (upper vaginal atresia and top vaginal atresia), which could be used as a reference for treatment of this condition. Appropriate treatments were performed using a personalized approach and satisfactory results were achieved. Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  5. Retrospective Analysis of the Effect of Hering's Law on Outcomes of Surgical Correction of Ptosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pan, Er; Yu, Jiangang; Zhang, Shengchang; Nie, Yunfei; Li, Qin

    2018-03-01

    Several factors may influence aesthetic outcomes of ptosis surgery, especially in patients with asymmetrical ptosis. We retrospectively assessed the effect of Hering's law on surgical outcomes of patients with asymmetrical ptosis. Patients with mild to moderate asymmetrical ptosis (N = 300) who underwent advancement or plication of upper eyelid aponeurosis between January 2014 and July 2016 were enrolled. Fifty patients (group A) underwent surgery without taking into consideration the impact of Hering's law. Of these, 35 patients with unilateral ptosis (subgroup A1) underwent standard surgery on the contralateral side, whereas 15 patients with bilateral ptosis (subgroup A2) were first operated on the milder side followed by the more severely affected side.In 250 patients (group B), surgery was performed taking cognizance of the implications of Hering's law. These included 100 patients with unilateral ptosis (B1) and 150 with bilateral ptosis (B2). Difference in bilateral palpebral fissure symmetry by less than 0.5 mm was considered as satisfactory outcome. Duration of postoperative follow-up ranged from 3 to 24 months. Satisfactory outcomes were achieved over 60% of patients in group A (A1, 60.6%; A2, 66.67%) and in 96% of patients in group B (B1, 95%; B2, 96.67%). Patients with unsatisfactory outcomes underwent repair according to Hering's law after 3 months and obtained good results. Application of Hering's law may improve outcomes of corrective surgery in patients with asymmetric ptosis.

  6. Surgical Treatment of Distal Biceps Tendon Ruptures: An Analysis of Complications in 784 Surgical Repairs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunphy, Taylor R; Hudson, Justin; Batech, Michael; Acevedo, Daniel C; Mirzayan, Raffy

    2017-11-01

    Distal biceps brachii tendon ruptures lead to substantial deficits in elbow flexion and supination; surgical repair restores muscle strength and endurance. To examine clinical and surgical outcomes for distal biceps tendon repairs in a large, multispecialty, integrated health care system. Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3. Retrospective cohort study of distal biceps tendon repairs performed between January 1, 2008, and December 31, 2015. The repair methods were classified as double-incision approach using bone tunnel-suture fixation or anterior single-incision approach. Anterior single incisions were further classified according to the fixation method: cortical button alone, cortical button and interference screw, or suture anchors alone. Patient demographics, surgeon characteristics, range of motion, and complications were analyzed for all repair types. Of the 784 repairs that met the inclusion criteria, 639 (81.5%) were single-incision approaches. When comparing double-incision and single-incision repairs, there was a significantly higher rate of posterior interosseous nerve palsy (3.4% vs 0.8%, P = .010), heterotopic bone formation (7.6% vs 2.7%, P = .004), and reoperation (8.3% vs 2.3%, P biceps tendon ruptures has an overall low rate of serious complications, regardless of approach or technique. However, the double-incision technique has a higher rate of posterior interosseous nerve palsy, heterotopic bone formation, and reoperation rate. Surgeon's years of practice, fellowship training, and case volume do not affect the rate of major complications.

  7. Surgical management of malignant glaucoma: a retrospective analysis of fifty eight eyes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balekudaru, S; Choudhari, N S; Rewri, P; George, R; Bhende, P S; Bhende, M; Lingam, V; Lingam, G

    2017-06-01

    PurposeTo assess outcomes of surgical management of malignant glaucoma in terms of re-formation of anterior chamberMethodsThis was a retrospective analysis of consecutive patients who underwent surgical treatment for malignant glaucoma between January 1995 and December 2013 at a tertiary care ophthalmic institute, with a minimum follow up of 2 months.ResultsFifty eight eyes of 58 patients were included. Fifty two (89.7%) patients had primary angle closure glaucoma. The majority had undergone glaucoma filtration surgery earlier (n=53, 91.4%). Lensectomy and anterior vitrectomy was performed in 15 (25.9%) eyes (Group 1). Vitrectomy and anterior chamber re-formation was performed in 27 (46.6%) eyes (Group 2). Vitrectomy-phacoemulsification-vitrectomy was performed in 16 (27.6%) eyes (Group 3). Communication between the two segments of eye through anterior hyaloid, lens capsule complex and/or iris was achieved in all groups. The median follow-up (Inter-quartile range) was 30 (71.5) months. Anterior chamber re-formation was achieved in 56 (96.5%) eyes at final visit. The improvement in mean±SD LogMAR visual acuity (1.1±1 to 0.7±0.8) and reduction in number ±SD of anti-glaucoma medications (2.1±1.1 to 1±1.6) between onset and final visit were significant (P=0.02 and <0.01, respectively). The intraocular pressure (mm Hg) at onset and at final visit was 30.7±17.4 and 14±6.2, 32.8±12.6 and 15.3±7.4, and 27.2±14 and 10.9±3 in groups 1-3, respectively (all P<0.01).ConclusionOur anatomical success rate was high. The key element in achieving this outcome was the establishment of a patent communication between the vitreous cavity and the anterior chamber.

  8. Single scrotal incision orchiopexy - a systematic review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hugo Fabiano Fernandes Novaes

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective To conduct a systematic review on single scrotal incision orchiopexy. Materials and Methods A search was performed using Pubmed, through which 16 articles were selected out of a total of 133. The following conditions were considered exclusion criteria: other surgical methods such as an inguinal procedure or a laparoscopic approach, retractile testes, or patients with previous testicular or inguinal surgery. Results A total of 1558 orchiopexy surgeries initiated with a transcrotal incision were analyzed. Patients' ages ranged between 5 months and 21 years. Thirteen studies used high scrotal incisions, and low scrotal incisions were performed in the remainder of the studies. In 55 cases (3.53%, there was a need for inguinal incision. Recurrence was observed in 9 cases, testicular atrophy in 3, testicular hypotrophy in 2, and surgical site infections in 13 cases. High efficacy rates were observed, varying between 88% and 100%. Conclusions Single scrotal incision orchiopexy proved to be an effective technique and is associated with low rates of complications.

  9. Comparison of Fasanella-Servat and Small-Incision Techniques for Involutional Ptosis Repair.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sohrab, Mahsa A; Lissner, Gary S

    2016-01-01

    To compare the results of the classic Fasanella-Servat internal approach to the newer, small-incision external approach in the repair of involutional ptosis. Retrospective review identified 93 patients (104 surgical procedures) at Northwestern Ophthalmology from June 2005 until October 2011 who underwent either the Fasanella-Servat or the small-incision approaches for involutional ptosis repair. Change in vertical palpebral fissure measurement, change in marginal reflex distance 1 (MRD1) measurement, patient satisfaction, surgical complications, operating time, and postoperative pain were compared between groups. Of the 93 patients, most were female with an average age of 69 years. Of the procedures, 48% were small incision and 52% were Fasanella-Servat approaches. Average postoperative follow up was 34.0 days. Vertical palpebral fissure height increased an average of 3.36 mm (±1.15) in the Fasanella-Servat group and 2.74 mm (±1.18) in the small-incision group (p = 0.003). Preoperative vertical palpebral fissure height was lower in the Fasanella-Servat group, but postoperative vertical palpebral fissure height was similar between the 2 groups (p=0.3). MRD1 increased an average of 3.42 mm (±0.86) in the Fasanella-Servat group and 2.68 mm (±0.93) in the small-incision group (p MRD1 was lower in the Fasanella-Servat group, but postoperative MRD1 was similar between the 2 groups (p = 0.15). Average operating time was 53 minutes (±16) in the small-incision group and 27 minutes (±6) in the Fasanella-Servat group (p MRD1.

  10. Incisional hernia after upper abdominal surgery: A randomised controlled trial of midline versus transverse incision

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J.A. Halm (Jens); H. Lip (Harm); P.I.M. Schmitz (Paul); J. Jeekel (Hans)

    2009-01-01

    textabstractObjectives: To determine whether a transverse incision is an alternative to a midline incision in terms of incisional hernia incidence, surgical site infection, postoperative pain, hospital stay and cosmetics in cholecystectomy. Summary background data: Incisional hernias after midline

  11. Single Incision Laparoscopic Splenectomy: Our First Experiences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Umut Barbaros

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Most laparoscopic surgeons have attempted to reduce incisional morbidity and improve cosmetic outcomes by using less and smaller trocars. Single incision laparoscopic splenectomy is a new laparoscopic procedure. Herein we would like to present our experiences.Material and Methods: Between January 2009 and June 2009, data of the 7 patients who underwent single incision laparoscopic splenectomy were evaluated retrospectively.Results: There were 7 patients (5 females and 2 males with a mean age of 29.9 years. The most common splenectomy indication was idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura. Single incision laparoscopic splenectomy was performed successfully in 6 patients. In one patient the operation was converted to an open procedure.Conclusion: With surgeons experienced in minimally invasive surgery, single incision laparoscopic splenectomy could be performed successfully. However, in order to demonstrate the differneces between standard laparoscopic splenectomy and SILS splenetomy, prospective randomized comparative studies are required.

  12. Analysis of single-incision versus dual-incision fasciotomy for tibial fractures with acute compartment syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bible, Jesse E; McClure, D Jake; Mir, Hassan R

    2013-11-01

    To analyze the rate of postoperative infection and nonunion after tibial fractures in patients treated for acute compartment syndrome (ACS) using (1) single-incision versus (2) dual-incision fasciotomy technique. Retrospective. Level I trauma center. Review of all adult tibial fractures operatively treated (n = 2756) over a 12-year period identified 175 patients with concurrent ACS requiring fasciotomy. Of 60 patients treated with intramedullary nails, 36 patients had single-incision fasciotomy and 24 had dual-incision fasciotomy. Of 81 patients treated with plate fixation, 59 patients had single-incision fasciotomy and 22 had dual-incision fasciotomy. Tibial fixation with fasciotomy for ACS. Occurrence of postoperative infection and nonunion. Both fasciotomy groups were similar across recorded patient and treatment characteristics. Need for skin graft was similar between fasciotomy groups. For patients treated with intramedullary nail (n = 60), 1 infection (2.8%) occurred in single-incision group versus 2 (8.3%) in dual-incision group (P = 0.558). Seven nonunions (19.4%) occurred in single-incision group versus 3 (12.5%) in dual-incision group (P = 0.726). For plate fixation patients (n = 81), 15 infections (25.4%) occurred with single-incision fasciotomy versus 5 infections (22.7%) with dual-incision fasciotomy (P = 1.000). Seven nonunions (11.9%) occurred with single-incision group versus 4 nonunions (18.2%) with dual-incision group (P = 0.479). This is the first study to compare a single-incision fasciotomy technique to a dual-incision technique in the setting of tibial fractures with ACS, with similar infection and nonunion rates with either technique. The choice of fasciotomy technique can be based on surgeon experience or patient condition as opposed to a suspected elevated infection or nonunion risk with either technique. Therapeutic Level III. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

  13. Outcomes of Phacoemulsification Using Different Size of Clear Corneal Incision in Eyes with Previous Radial Keratotomy.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jing Shang Zhang

    Full Text Available To evaluate visual outcomes and complications after phacoemulsification in eyes with cataract and previous radial keratotomy (RK cuts using different sizes of clear corneal incisions.The study was a retrospective study. Thirty eyes with cataract and previous RK underwent phacoemulsification and intraocular lens (IOL implantation. Among them 7 eyes had 8 RK cuts, 13 eyes had 12 RK cuts, and 10 eyes had 16 RK cuts. Phacoemulsification and IOL implantation were performed through a 2.0-3.2 mm clear corneal incision by a single surgeon. In the 8 RK cuts group, 3.2 mm clear corneal incisions were used in 4 eyes, and 3.0 mm clear corneal incisions were used in 3 eyes. In the 12 RK cuts group, 3.2 mm clear corneal incisions were used in 6 eyes, and 2.2 mm clear corneal incisions were used in 7 eyes. In the 16 RK cuts group, 3.2 mm clear corneal incisions were used in 5 eyes, and 2.0 mm clear corneal incisions were used in 5 eyes. Patients were followed up 1 day, 1 week, 1 month, 3 months, 6 months, 1 year, 2 years, and 3 years postoperatively and were examined for the dehiscence of RK cuts during or after the surgery, post-operative best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA, corneal astigmatism, corneal endothelial cell density and complications.Successful phacoemulsification with IOL implantation was performed in all eyes. No wound dehiscence was noted in any eyes with 8 or 12 RK cuts. Wound dehiscence was noted in 2 eyes with 16 RK cuts. The dehiscence of RK cuts was closed successfully by injecting an air bubble with or without viscoelastic agent into the anterior chamber at the end of surgery. During the follow-up, the cuts were well apposed in all eyes, and no new dehiscence of RK cuts was noted. At the last follow-up, mean BCVA (0.2 ± 0.18 logMAR was better than preoperative BCVA(0.45±0.19 logMAR (P < 0.001. There was no significant difference between the long-term preoperative and postoperative mean corneal astigmatism (P = 0.3. However, there was a

  14. Temporal versus Superior Limbal Incision: Any difference in visual ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Dr. C. Pedro-Egbe

    Department of Ophthalmology, University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, Port Harcourt, Nigeria. ABSTRACT. Aim: To compare the visual outcome of a superiorly placed limbal incision ..... Roman SJ, Auclin FX, Chong-Sit DA, Ullern MM. Surgically induced astigmatism with superior and temporal incisions in cases of ...

  15. Temporal versus Superior Limbal Incision: Any difference in visual ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Aim: To compare the visual outcome of a superiorly placed limbal incision with a temporal limbal incision in extracapsular cataract surgery. The main outcome measures are visual acuity and the degree of stigmatism based on refraction. Method: A retrospective non randomized comparative study. Medical records of 40 ...

  16. Surgical site infection following hernia repair in the day care setting of a developing country: a retrospective review

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pardhan, A.; Mazahir, S.; Alvi, A.R.; Murtaza, G.

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To determine the incidence proportion of surgical site infection following hernia repair in a daycare setting at a tertiary care hospital of a low-income country. Methods: The retrospective audit was done at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, from June 1, 2008 to May 30, 2009. Patients with age >15 years who underwent Lichenstein's open mesh repair in daycare were included. Surgical Site Infection was labelled if the records revealed any of the following: opening of the wound by the primary surgeon; pain, tenderness and raised temperature of skin; purulent discharge from the wound; if the surgeon had documented it as a surgical site infection. SPSS 16 was used for data analysis. Results: After reviewing the retrieved files, 104 patients were found eligible. Of them, 102 (98%) were males. Overall wound-related complications were found in 13 (12.5%), whereas surgical site infection was found in 8 (7.7%) patients. The mean age of those with infections was 38.7+-18 year, while that of those with no surgical site infection was 47.8+-18 years. Smoking was found significantly associated with surgical site infection with 5.8 times higher incidence as compared to the non-smokers (OR with 95% CI: 5.6 (1.2, 25.3)). Conclusions: The incidence of surgical site infection after hernia repair with mesh in a daycare setting at a tertiary care hospital of a low-income country was higher than internationally reported incidence. Smoking was found to be a significant risk factor. (author)

  17. Surgical treatment approaches and reimbursement costs of surgical site infections post hip arthroplasty in Australia: a retrospective analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Merollini, Katharina M D; Crawford, Ross W; Graves, Nicholas

    2013-03-11

    The treatment for deep surgical site infection (SSI) following primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) varies internationally and it is at present unclear which treatment approaches are used in Australia. The aim of this study is to identify current treatment approaches in Queensland, Australia, show success rates and quantify the costs of different treatments. Data for patients undergoing primary THA and treatment for infection between January 2006 and December 2009 in Queensland hospitals were extracted from routinely used hospital databases. Records were linked with pathology information to confirm positive organisms. Diagnosis and treatment of infection was determined using ICD-10-AM and ACHI codes, respectively. Treatment costs were estimated based on AR-DRG cost accounting codes assigned to each patient hospital episode. A total of n=114 patients with deep surgical site infection were identified. The majority of patients (74%) were first treated with debridement, antibiotics and implant retention (DAIR), which was successful in eradicating the infection in 60.3% of patients with an average cost of $13,187. The remaining first treatments were 1-stage revision, successful in 89.7% with average costs of $27,006, and 2-stage revisions, successful in 92.9% of cases with average costs of $42,772. Multiple treatments following 'failed DAIR' cost on average $29,560, for failed 1-stage revision were $24,357, for failed 2-stage revision were $70,381 and were $23,805 for excision arthroplasty. As treatment costs in Australia are high primary prevention is important and the economics of competing treatment choices should be carefully considered. These currently vary greatly across international settings.

  18. Post-operative Complications Following Emergency Operations Performed by Trainee Surgeons: A Retrospective Analysis of Surgical Deaths.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferrah, Noha; Stephan, Karen; Lovell, Janaka; Ibrahim, Joseph; Beiles, Barry

    2018-01-23

    Adequate surgical care of patients and concurrent training of residents is achieved in elective procedures through careful case selection and adequate supervision. Whether this applies when trainees are involved in emergency operations remains equivocal. The aim of this study was therefore to compare the risk of post-operative complications following emergency procedures performed by senior operators compared with supervised trainees. This is a retrospective cohort study examining in-hospital deaths of patients across all surgical specialties who underwent emergency surgery in Australian public hospitals reported to the national surgical mortality audit between 2009 and 2015. Multivariable logistic regression was used to explore whether there was an association between the level of operator experience (senior operator vs trainee) and the occurrence of post-operative surgical complications following an emergency procedure. Our population consisted of 6920 patients. There were notable differences between the trainees and senior operator groups; trainees more often operated on patients aged over 80 years, with cardiovascular and neurological risk factors. Senior operators more often operated on very young and obese patients with advanced malignancy and hepatic disease. Supervised trainees had a lower rate of post-operative complications compared with senior operators; 18% (n = 396) and 25% (n = 1210), respectively (p emergency operations, provided that cases are judiciously selected.

  19. A retrospective study of 113 consecutive cases of surgically treated spondylodiscitis patients. A single-center experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shiban, Ehab; Janssen, Insa; Wostrack, Maria; Krieg, Sandro M; Ringel, Florian; Meyer, Bernhard; Stoffel, Michael

    2014-06-01

    Recommendations for the operative treatment of spondylodiscitis are still a controversial issue. A retrospective review identified 113 consecutive patients who underwent surgical debridement and instrumentation for spondylodiscitis between 2006 and 2010 at our department. The mean age at presentation was 65 years; 78 patients were male (69 %). Distribution of the inflammation was lumbar in 68 (60 %), thoracic in 19 (17 %) and cervical in 20 (18 %) cases. Six patients (5 %) had two concomitant non-contiguous spondylodiscitis foci in different segments of the spine. Epidural abscess was found in 33 patients (29 %). One hundred four patients (92 %) had pain. Neurological deficit was found in 40 patients (35 %). In the thoracic and lumbar cases, dorsal instrumentation alone was considered sufficient in 26 cases; additional interbody fusion from the posterior was performed in 44 cases. A 360° instrumentation was performed in 22 cases. In the cervical cases, only ventral spondylodesis and plating were performed in eight cases, only dorsal instrumentation in five and 360° instrumentation in seven. Postoperative intravenous antibiotics were administered for 14.4 ± 9.3 (mean ± SD) days followed by 3.2 ± 0.8 (mean ± SD) months of oral antibiosis. Complete healing of the inflammation was achieved in 111 (98 %) cases. Two patients died because of septic shock, both with fulminant endocarditis. Pain resolved in all cases. Neurological deficits were completely resolved in 20 patients, and 14 patients had a partial recovery. The results of our retrospective study show that surgical treatment of spondylodiscitis with a staged surgical approach (if needed) and a short 1-2-week period of intravenous antibiotics followed by 3 months of oral antibiotics is appropriate for most patients in whom conservative treatment has failed or is not advisable. Furthermore, surgical treatment of newly diagnosed spondylodiscitis might be recommended as an initial treatment option in

  20. Two-Step Incision for Periarterial Sympathectomy of the Hand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeon, Seung Bae; Ahn, Hee Chang; Ahn, Yong Su; Choi, Matthew Seung Suk

    2015-11-01

    Surgical scars on the palmar surface of the hand may lead to functional and also aesthetic and psychological consequences. The objective of this study was to introduce a new incision technique for periarterial sympathectomy of the hand and to compare the results of the new two-step incision technique with those of a Koman incision by using an objective questionnaire. A total of 40 patients (17 men and 23 women) with intractable Raynaud's disease or syndrome underwent surgery in our hospital, conducted by a single surgeon, between January 2008 and January 2013. Patients who had undergone extended sympathectomy or vessel graft were excluded. Clinical evaluation of postoperative scars was performed in both groups one year after surgery using the patient and observer scar assessment scale (POSAS) and the Wake Forest University rating scale. The total patient score was 8.59 (range, 6-15) in the two-step incision group and 9.62 (range, 7-18) in the Koman incision group. A significant difference was found between the groups in the total PS score (P-value=0.034) but not in the total observer score. Our analysis found no significant difference in preoperative and postoperative Wake Forest University rating scale scores between the two-step and Koman incision groups. The time required for recovery prior to returning to work after surgery was shorter in the two-step incision group, with a mean of 29.48 days in the two-step incision group and 34.15 days in the Koman incision group (P=0.03). Compared to the Koman incision, the new two-step incision technique provides better aesthetic results, similar symptom improvement, and a reduction in the recovery time required before returning to work. Furthermore, this incision allows the surgeon to access a wide surgical field and a sufficient exposure of anatomical structures.

  1. Two-Step Incision for Periarterial Sympathectomy of the Hand

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seung Bae Jeon

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available BackgroundSurgical scars on the palmar surface of the hand may lead to functional and also aesthetic and psychological consequences. The objective of this study was to introduce a new incision technique for periarterial sympathectomy of the hand and to compare the results of the new two-step incision technique with those of a Koman incision by using an objective questionnaire.MethodsA total of 40 patients (17 men and 23 women with intractable Raynaud's disease or syndrome underwent surgery in our hospital, conducted by a single surgeon, between January 2008 and January 2013. Patients who had undergone extended sympathectomy or vessel graft were excluded. Clinical evaluation of postoperative scars was performed in both groups one year after surgery using the patient and observer scar assessment scale (POSAS and the Wake Forest University rating scale.ResultsThe total patient score was 8.59 (range, 6-15 in the two-step incision group and 9.62 (range, 7-18 in the Koman incision group. A significant difference was found between the groups in the total PS score (P-value=0.034 but not in the total observer score. Our analysis found no significant difference in preoperative and postoperative Wake Forest University rating scale scores between the two-step and Koman incision groups. The time required for recovery prior to returning to work after surgery was shorter in the two-step incision group, with a mean of 29.48 days in the two-step incision group and 34.15 days in the Koman incision group (P=0.03.ConclusionsCompared to the Koman incision, the new two-step incision technique provides better aesthetic results, similar symptom improvement, and a reduction in the recovery time required before returning to work. Furthermore, this incision allows the surgeon to access a wide surgical field and a sufficient exposure of anatomical structures.

  2. A retrospective audit of paediatric surgical admission in a sub-urban ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Conclusions: Childhood injuries, congenital anomalies and infections are important paediatric health problems. Key words: Children, Admission, Injuries, Congenital malformation, Pattern, Surgical care, Infection. Résumé Introductions: Les données sur l'utilisation du service de la chirurgie pediatrique et le problème des ...

  3. The cost-effectiveness of surgery for trigeminal neuralgia in surgically naïve patients: a retrospective study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holland, Marshall; Noeller, Jennifer; Buatti, John; He, Wenzhuan; Shivapour, E Torage; Hitchon, Patrick W

    2015-10-01

    For 75% of patients with trigeminal neuralgia (TN), the pain can be controlled with medication. For those who fail medication therapy, surgical options include microvascular decompression (MVD), percutaneous radiofrequency rhizotomy (RFR), and stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS). Few studies have explored the relative cost-effectiveness of these interventions, particularly in surgically naïve patients. A retrospective chart review performed between January 2003 and January 2013 identified a total of 89 patients who underwent surgical treatment for TN (MVD=27, RFR=23, SRS=39). Outcome measures included facial pain (excellent=no pain, no medications; good=no pain, medications required; fair=>50% decrease in pain; and poor=RFR=76.2±16, and SRS=74.5±12 (pRFR=4700±2200, and SRS=39,300±6000 (pRFR=52%, and SRS=28% (pRFR=74%, and SRS=31% (pRFR=59±76, and SRS=35±25. Mean quality adjusted pain-free years were MVD=1.58, RFR=2.28, and SRS=0.99. Cost-effectiveness calculations in US dollars showed MVD=31,800, RFR=2100, and SRS=39,600 (pRFR was the least expensive procedure, provided immediate relief, but was associated with the highest rates of facial numbness and recurrence. Based on cost-effectiveness, considering both cost and outcome, RFR was the most cost-effective, followed by MVD, and finally SRS. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  4. Surgical extraction of impacted teeth in elderly patients. A retrospective analysis of perioperative complications - the experience of a single institution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trybek, Grzegorz; Chruściel-Nogalska, Małgorzata; Machnio, Małgorzata; Smektała, Tomasz; Malinowski, Jerzy; Tutak, Marcin; Sporniak-Tutak, Katarzyna

    2016-09-01

    The aim of this retrospective study was to investigate the most frequent complications and assess their overall rate associated with the surgical extraction of impacted teeth in an elderly patient population. Oral health needs of the elders are often associated with surgical procedures for the creation of appropriate conditions for any further prosthetic treatment. One such process is the removal of severely decayed, fractured or impacted teeth detrimental to the fit or appearance of dentures. While broken and decayed teeth leave little doubt for their removal, impacted teeth divide opinion, some extreme regarding their prophylactic removal and the appropriate age for the procedure. Material was selected from the archives of an Out-Patient Dental Surgery Clinic of the Regional Centre of Dentistry in Szczecin, from 2002 to 2013. The database was independently screened by two investigators according to inclusion and exclusion criteria. After selection process, all included records were screened using a data extraction form to obtain the necessary data. The total number of impacted teeth was 73, of which 29% were partially impacted. The overall complication rate was 24.6%. The most common complications were as follows: haematoma, nerve disturbances and local infections. Surgical extraction in patients above 60 years of age is fraught with a high risk of possible complications. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons A/S and The Gerodontology Association. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  5. Characterizing the pain score trajectories of hospitalized adult medical and surgical patients: a retrospective cohort study

    OpenAIRE

    Kannampallil, Thomas; Galanter, William L.; Falck, Suzanne; Gaunt, Michael J.; Gibbons, Robert D.; McNutt, Robert; Odwazny, Richard; Schiff, Gordon; Vaida, Allen J.; Wilkie, Diana J.; Lambert, Bruce L.

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Pain care for hospitalized patients is often suboptimal. Representing pain scores as a graphical trajectory may provide insights into the understanding and treatment of pain. We describe a 1-year, retrospective, observational study to characterize pain trajectories of hospitalized adults during the first 48 hours after admission at an urban academic medical center. Using a subgroup of patients who presented with significant pain (pain score >4; n = 7762 encounters), we characterized ...

  6. Surgical management of retrorectal tumors: a retrospective study of a 9-year experience in a single institution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lin CZ

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Caizhao Lin1, Ketao Jin2,3, Huanrong Lan4, Lisong Teng2, Jianjiang Lin1, Wenbin Chen11Department of Coloproctological Surgery, First Affiliated Hospital, College of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, 2Department of Surgical Oncology, First Affiliated Hospital, College of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, 3Department of Surgery, Affiliated Zhuji Hospital, Wenzhou Medical College, Zhuji, 4Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Affiliated Taizhou Hospital, Wenzhou Medical College, Linhai, Zhejiang, People’s Republic of ChinaBackground: The relative rarity and anatomical position of retrorectal tumors may lead to difficulty in diagnosis and surgical management.Methods: This was a retrospective review of 62 patients who had resection of retrorectal tumors between 2002 and 2010.Results: All patients in this study were treated by excision of the retrorectal tumors. Surgical approach included transsacral approach (52 cases, transabdominal approach (eight cases, and combined approach (two cases. A total of 48 benign lesions (77.4% and 14 malignant lesions (22.6% were confirmed by histological examination. The 48 benign cases included dermoid cysts (17 cases, simple cysts (eight cases, teratomas (eight cases, neurofibromas (eight cases, fibrolipomas (four cases, neurilemmomas (two cases, and synovioma (one case. The 14 malignant cases included lymphomas (four cases, malignant teratomas (three cases, fibrosarcomas (two cases, interstitialomas (four cases and malignant mesothelioma (one case. Complications occurred in 14.5% of patients and included intraoperative bleeding (three cases, rectal injury (three cases, and presacral infection (three cases.Conclusion: Primary retrorectal tumors are very rare. Successful treatment of these tumors requires extensive knowledge of pelvic anatomy and expertise in pelvic surgery.Keywords: retrorectal space, retrorectal tumor, surgical treatment

  7. Management of Ludwig's angina with small neck incisions: 18 years experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bross-Soriano, Daniel; Arrieta-Gómez, José R; Prado-Calleros, Héctor; Schimelmitz-Idi, Jose; Jorba-Basave, Santiago

    2004-06-01

    To review Ludwig's angina medical and surgical approach with small incisions. Retrospective, open, noncomparative, longitudinal. All patients with Ludwig's angina who received medical, metabolic, airway management, and surgical treatment from January 1, 1983 to December 31, 2000. Antibiotic treatment, surgical treatment, hospitalization time, associated diseases, etiologic factors, recuperation time. Age range was 18 to 87 years, with a female-to-male ratio of 1.1:1 (68 females, 53 males). Thirty patients belonged to middle or high socioeconomic status. The primary site of infection was odontogenic in 107 of the patients. All the patients were managed with surgical drainage made within the first 12 hours after hospital admission. The most common antibiotic treatments were the combination of clindamycin with crystalline penicillin G. The hospital stay for more than half of patients was 6 days or less. In 62 patients we found extension into the parapharyngeal space and in 32 cases we found retropharyngeal extension of the Ludwig's angina. Forty-six patients had or were diagnosed as having diabetes mellitus. Tracheotomy was required in 34 patients. The airway of the rest of patients was controlled with nasotracheal intubation. Only 33 patients had major complications, such as mediastinitis, sepsis, or death. Drainage using small incisions is a safe and effective method as part of treatment of Ludwig's angina.

  8. Single scrotal incision orchidopexy for palpable undescended

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ahmad, A.; Safdar, C.A.; Yasir, U.; Rasool, N.; Kanwal, S.; Boota, M.; Rehman, J.U.

    2014-01-01

    To retrospectively asses the results of single scrotal incision orchidopexy (SSIO) performed at our centre with ligation of the patent processus vaginalis in children having palpable undescended testes (UDT). Study Design: Quasi-experimental with retrospective data. Place and Duration of Study: Department of Paediatric surgery Military Hospital Rawalpindi, from April 2007 to December 2011. Patients and Methods: After making a single transverse incision at superior scrotal border, the testis was identified; gubernaculums and the sac were dissected to the highest level and divided. The testis was placed into the scrotum and fixed to the scrotal fascia/skin. All patients were assessed at 2 weeks, 2 months and 6 months post operatively, and then yearly. Results: A total of 38 orchidopexies were performed in 33 patients. The patients age ranged from 14 months to 7 years (mean:2.1 years). Bilateral UDT were found in 5 patients (15.1%). Operative time ranged from 20 to 45 minutes (mean: 36 minutes). The single scrotal incision technique was successful in all 38 cases (100%). All testes were easily fixed in the scrotum. Two patients (5.2%) developed scrotal haematoma and one patient (2.6%) developed stitch abscess. All showed good an atomical and cosmetic results up to a minimum of six months of follow-up. Conclusion: Single scrotal incision orchidopexy for palpable undescended testis is a simple and safe technique. It has shown to consume shorter time and give good cosmetic results. (author)

  9. Different surgical approaches for the treatment of adjacent segment diseases after anterior cervical fusion: A retrospective study of 49 patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Feng; Wang, Peng; Miao, De-Chao; Du, Wei; Shen, Yong

    2017-06-01

    Studies in the literature have not delineated the surgical approaches of symptomatic adjacent segment diseases (ASDs) in patients undergoing reoperation after an initial anterior cervical fusion (ACF). The purpose of this study was to determine the optimal surgical approaches of ASD and the incidence of the dysphagia after reoperation.This was a retrospective study of 49 patients with ASD after an initial ACF surgery, which had undergone a reoperation at our medical center between January 2010 and December 2014. The surgical approaches were used by anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF), ACDF with the Zero-profile device, laminoplasty, and laminectomy with internal fixation. Patients were classified according to the different surgical approaches of anterior (n = 38) versus posterior (n = 11) groups and ACDF (n = 25) versus Zero-P (n = 13) groups. Clinical evaluations were performed preoperatively and repeated in 24 months after operation.This retrospective study included 26 men and 23 women with a mean age at revision surgery of 54.3 years and ASD onset time of 7.3 years. The patients were followed up with an average of 4.1 years. The reoperation rate was 5.4% in this study. The Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA), Neck Disability Index (NDI), and visual analogue scale (VAS) scores demonstrated significant improvements compared with preoperative in both anterior and posterior groups (P  .05). The operation time of ACDF group was more than Zero-P group, with significant differences (P  .05). A total of 12 (24.5%) patients had dysphagia after reoperation. The incidence of dysphagia in Zero-P group (1/13) was less than ACDF group (11/25), with significant differences (P < .05). There were no cases of major neurological or vascular complications, and wound complications.The clinical situation, initial operation, and secondary preoperative imaging findings were analyzed comprehensively, anterior or posterior approach were chosen, which

  10. Surgical and medical emergencies on board European aircraft: a retrospective study of 10189 cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sand, Michael; Bechara, Falk-Georges; Sand, Daniel; Mann, Benno

    2009-01-01

    In-flight medical and surgical emergencies (IMEs) onboard commercial aircrafts occur quite commonly. However, little epidemiological research exists concerning these incidents. Thirty-two European airlines were asked to provide anonymous data on medical flight reports of IMEs for the years 2002 to 2007. The total number of incidents was correlated to revenue passenger kilometers (rpk). Additionally, on-board births and deaths, flight diversions, flight routes (continental/intercontinental) and involvement of a physician or medical professional in providing therapy were analysed. Only four airlines, of which two participated in this study, were able to provide the necessary data. A total of 10,189 cases of IMEs were analysed. Syncope was the most common medical condition reported (5307 cases, 53.5%) followed by gastrointestinal disorders (926 cases, 8.9%) and cardiac conditions (509 cases, 4.9%). The most common surgical conditions were thrombosis (47 cases, 0.5%) and appendicitis (27 cases, 0.25%). In 2.8% of all IMEs, an aircraft diversion was performed. In 86% of cases, a physician or medical professional was involved in providing therapy. A mean (standard deviation) of 14 (+/- 2.3, 10.8 to 16.6 interquartile range) IMEs per billion rpk was calculated. The study demonstrates that although aviation is regulated by a variety of national and international laws, standardised documentation of IMEs is inadequate and needs further development.

  11. COMPARISON OF POSTOP SIA IN MSICS WITH STRAIGHT INCISION VERSUS FROWN INCISION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shayana Bhumbla

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND Surgically-Induced Astigmatism (SIA is one of the commonest causes of poor postoperative vision even after uneventful cataract surgery. Recent advances have led to a newer concept of “refractive cataract surgery.” The aim of the study is to study the comparison of postop SIA in Manual Small Incision Cataract Surgery (MSICS with straight versus frown incision. MATERIALS AND METHODS 50 patients of cataract were divided into 2 groups (25 each - group A underwent MSICS with 6 mm straight incision, group B underwent MSICS with 6 mm frown incision. BCVA, keratometry readings were recorded with auto kerato-refractometer preop, at 1 week, 1 month, 3 months and SIA was calculated with SIA calculator version 2.1, a free software program. RESULTS Mean SIA in group A and B were - 1.14D versus 0.92D at 1 week; 1.26D versus 0.97D at 1 month; 1.29D versus 0.95D at 3 months. The difference was statistically significant at each follow up visit (p<0.05. CONCLUSION Frown incision gives lesser SIA than straight incision in MSICS.

  12. Retrospective analysis distant results of surgical treatment children with acute scrotum syndrom

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kens K.A.

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available In adulthood examined 440 patients treated with acute testicular diseases (ATD - injury of testicular appendages and the epididymis, testicular torsion, trauma of the scrotum and acute orchiepididymitis. Allocated 2 groups depending on the time of surgery. The first group 157 patients were operated up to 24 hours from the moment disease begin and the second group, 283 patients were operated after 24 hours. To determine the status of the testes and epididymis were used: palpation of the scrotum, Doppler ultrasonography, hormonal studies, diagnostics of ejaculate. In the analysis of long-term results of surgical treatment ATD revealed a high percentage of the different abnormalities in development of the reproductive system — 20%.

  13. Comparison of functional fibrinogen (FF/CFF) and FIBTEM in surgical patients - a retrospective study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prüller, Florian; Münch, Andreas; Preininger, Astrid; Raggam, Reinhard Bernd; Grinschgl, Yvonne; Krumnikl, Jakub; Toller, Wolfgang; Metzler, Hellfried; Mahla, Elisabeth; Mangge, Harald

    2016-03-01

    Fibrinogen-based clot firmness is reported as the maximum amplitude (MA) when using the citrated functional fibrinogen (CFF) assay in thrombelastography (TEG), and as the maximum clot firmness (MCF) together with several clot amplitude parameters when using the FIBTEM assay in thromboelastometry (ROTEM). Concern is currently being raised that these two tests have different platelet inhibiting performance and consequently provide different values. This is relevant for the clinical setting of fibrinogen replacement. We aim herein to compare the parameters of these two fibrinogen-based clot quality tests and their correlation with the plasma fibrinogen level as determined by the Clauss method. In total 261 whole blood samples taken from 163 clinical routine surgical patients were analyzed with TEG 5000 and ROTEM tests, and correlation with Clauss fibrinogen level was assessed. Using TEG, the overall fibrin-based clot firmness measured in the CFF assay was significantly higher than the MCF measured by FIBTEM assay. Both assays showed significantly positive correlations with the fibrinogen levels measured using the Clauss method. However, individual values of Clauss fibrinogen concentration corresponded with different values for the two viscoelastometric tests; e.g. within the range of 1.9-2.1 g/L Clauss fibrinogen the median of CFF MA was 16.3 mm whereas FIBTEM MCF was 12.0 mm. We showed herein by measurements of citrated whole blood samples from surgical patients that CFF MA values were different from FIBTEM MCF values measured in the same sample. Awareness that these whole blood assays provide different clot amplitude results is mandatory, particularly if they are being considered as tools for guiding fibrinogen supplementation. Thromboembolic side effects caused by a potentially too high fibrinogen substitution must also kept in mind in this context.

  14. Primary closure of equine laryngotomy incisions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindegaard, C.; Karlsson, L.; Ekstrøm, Claus Thorn

    2016-01-01

    The objective was to report healing characteristics and complications after primary closure of equine laryngotomies and analyse factors potentially associated with complications. This retrospective case series of the medical records of horses (n = 180) undergoing laryngoplasty and laryngotomy...... after primary closure of equine laryngotomy incisions are infrequent and considered of minimal severity and can be performed safely when paying careful attention to the closure of the cricothyroid membrane....

  15. Hypospadias and concomitant undescended testis: Comparison of no skin incision with inguinal and scrotal skin incision orchiopexy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sabetkish, Shabnam; Kajbafzadeh, Abdol-Mohammad; Sabetkish, Nastaran

    2015-10-01

    To present the feasibility of no skin incision orchiopexy in children with concomitant hypospadias and undescended testis (UDT) by a single subcoronal incision technique. To introduce the creation of subdartos muscle scrotal pouch with no scrotal skin incision. From one thousand and twenty-one children with hypospadias, 61 patients presented with concomitant palpable UDT and hypospadias. In group I (N = 34) single subcoronal incision with no scrotal skin incision was applied. In group II (N = 27), multi-incision technique was applied for classical orchiopexy and hypospadias surgery. For hypospadias reconstruction, all patients had classical subcoronal and para urethral plate incision with penile skin degloving according to the location of urethral meatus. Early and late complications, surgical time, hospital stay, and cosmetic results were recorded. Children with unilateral UDT and hypospadias had one incision in group I and three skin incisions in group II. Patients with bilateral UDT had one incision in group I and five skin incisions in group II. The operation time was significantly shorter in group I (93 ± 11 min) compared with group II (138 ± 17 min) (P = 0.03). Both groups were operated as day care basis; however, the hospital stay was slightly longer in group II (group I = 12 ± 2 h, vs group II = 16 ± 3 h) (P = 0.07). All testes were satisfactorily positioned into the bottom of the scrotum without development of any testicular atrophy. Single subcoronal penile skin incision is a feasible, safe, and cosmetically satisfactory technique in patients with hypospadias and concomitant UDT. Reduced postoperative pain, better objective cosmetic results, shorter operative time and comfortable post-operative period are the most significant advantages of this approach. Copyright © 2015 IJS Publishing Group Limited. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  16. Changing trends in abdominal surgical complications following cardiac surgery in an era of advanced procedures. A retrospective cohort study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ashfaq, Awais; Johnson, Daniel J; Chapital, Alyssa B; Lanza, Louis A; DeValeria, Patrick A; Arabia, Francisco A

    2015-03-01

    Abdominal complications following cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) procedures may have mortality rates as high as 25%. Advanced procedures such as ventricular assist devices, artificial hearts and cardiac transplantation are being increasingly employed, changing the complexity of interventions. This study was undertaken to examine the changing trends in complications and the impact of cardiac surgery on emergency general surgery (EGS) coverage. A retrospective review was conducted of all CPB procedures admitted to our ICU between Jan. 2007 and Mar. 2010. The procedures included coronary bypass (CABG), valve, combination (including adult congenital) and advanced heart failure (AHF) procedures. The records were reviewed to obtain demographics, need for EGS consult/procedure and outcomes. Mean age of the patients was 66 ± 8.5 years, 71% were male. There were 945 CPB procedures performed on 914 patients during this study period. Over 39 months, 23 EGS consults were obtained, resulting in 10 operations and one hospital death (10% operative mortality). CABG and valve procedures had minimal impact on EGS workload while complex cardiac and AHF procedures accounted for significantly more EGS consultations (p surgery, advanced technology has increased the volume of complex CPB procedures increasing the EGS workload. Emergency general surgeons working in institutions that perform advanced procedures should be aware of the potential for general surgical complications perioperatively and the resultant nuances that are associated with operative management in this patient population. Copyright © 2015 Surgical Associates Ltd. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  17. The Surgical Outcomes of Totally Laparoscopic Stomach-partitioning Gastrojejunostomy for Gastric Outlet Obstruction: A Retrospective, Cohort Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kushibiki, Toshihiro; Ebihara, Yuma; Hontani, Koji; Tanaka, Kimitaka; Nakanishi, Yoshitsugu; Asano, Toshimichi; Noji, Takehiro; Kurashima, Yo; Murakami, Soichi; Nakamura, Toru; Tsuchikawa, Takahiro; Okamura, Keisuke; Shichinohe, Toshiaki; Hirano, Satoshi

    2018-04-01

    We have reported the effectiveness of laparoscopy-assisted stomach-partitioning gastrojejunostomy Roux-en-Y reconstruction (LASPGJ-RY) for gastric outlet obstruction (GOO). The aim of this study was to evaluate the surgical outcomes of totally laparoscopic stomach-partitioning gastrojejunostomy Roux-en-Y reconstruction (TLSPGJ-RY) for GOO. This retrospective study enrolled 19 consecutive patients with GOO. Surgical outcomes of LASPGJ-RY (LA group; n=8) and TLSPGJ-RY (TL group; n=11) between January 2004 and 2015 were compared. The patients' background characteristics, operative findings, postoperative complications, and period to starting postoperative chemotherapy were examined. Eligible cases included 6 patients with gastric cancer, 4 with pancreatic cancer, 4 with duodenal cancer, 4 with urologic malignancies, and 1 with benign duodenal stenosis. The patients' background characteristics were not significantly different. In surgical outcomes, there were no significant differences in operating time, bleeding, complications (≥Clavien-Dindo grade IIIA), and postoperative hospital stay between the groups. The time to resume diet was significantly shorter in the TL group (median, 3 d; range, 3 to 6 d) than in the LA group (median, 5 d; range, 3 to 7 d; P=0.0093), and the number of patients who could receive chemotherapy after surgery was significantly higher in the TL group (P=0.039). TLSPGJ-RY was a safe and feasible gastrojejunostomy procedure for GOO. TLSPGJ-RY might be useful for early resumption of oral intake after surgery.

  18. [Surgical therapy of perineal hernia in dogs by the use of Small Intestinal Submucosa (SIS™): a retrospective study].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thiel, C; Fischer, A; Kramer, M; Lautersack, O

    2010-01-01

    Surgical therapy of perineal hernia in dogs by using Small Intestinal Submucosa (SIS™). Retrospective evaluation of pre-, intra-, and postoperative data of 15 dogs for which a total of 21 perineal hernias were surgically treated by implantation of SIS™ between July 2003 to January 2005 at the Hospital for Small Animals, Surgery, Justus Liebig University of Giessen. Eleven of the 15 dogs showed a large sized perineal hernia, whereas in four dogs the defect was of medium size. Preoperatively, 86.7% of the patients showed defecation problems and 40% had perineal swelling. Retroflexion of the bladder was observed in four dogs. Average operation time was 58.1 minutes (50-70 minutes). No intraoperative complications were observed. Postoperative complications were minor (seroma formation in six patients, minor wound dehiscence in three dogs), and only three cases required local therapy. Implant intolerance was not observed. Long-term results were obtained 6-36 months postoperatively (mean 25.2 months) by rectal examination and owner telephone questionnaire. The recurrence rate, based on clinical signs of perineal hernia, was 9.5% (two of 21 perineal hernias). Results were rated excellent to good in 19 of the 21 surgically treated perineal hernias. Implantation of SIS™ in the treatment of perineal hernia in dogs is an easy and safe treatment option. Long-term implant tolerance appears to be excellent. Recurrence rate of clinical signs is low. In cases where the defect can not be closed with endogenous tissue, either due to atrophic tissue or dimensions of perineal hernia do not allow such closure, the use of Small Intestinal Submucosa should be considered. The additional costs for the implant are however a disadvantage of this method.

  19. Surgical treatment of tricuspid regurgitation after mitral valve surgery: a retrospective study in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    Background Functional tricuspid regurgitation (TR) occurs in patients with rheumatic mitral valve disease even after mitral valve surgery. The aim of this study was to analyze surgical results of TR after previous successful mitral valve surgery. Methods From September 1996 to September 2008, 45 patients with TR after previous mitral valve replacement underwent second operation for TR. In those, 43 patients (95.6%) had right heart failure symptoms (edema of lower extremities, ascites, hepatic congestion, etc.) and 40 patients (88.9%) had atrial fibrillation. Twenty-six patients (57.8%) were in New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional class III, and 19 (42.2%) in class IV. Previous operations included: 41 for mechanical mitral valve replacement (91.1%), 4 for bioprosthetic mitral valve replacement (8.9%), and 7 for tricuspid annuloplasty (15.6%). Results The tricuspid valves were repaired with Kay's (7 cases, 15.6%) or De Vega technique (4 cases, 8.9%). Tricuspid valve replacement was performed in 34 cases (75.6%). One patient (2.2%) died. Postoperative low cardiac output (LCO) occurred in 5 patients and treated successfully. Postoperative echocardiography showed obvious reduction of right atrium and ventricle. The anterioposterior diameter of the right ventricle decreased to 25.5 ± 7.1 mm from 33.7 ± 6.2 mm preoperatively (P valve replacement in rheumatic heart disease is a serious clinical problem. If it occurs or progresses late after mitral valve surgery, tricuspid valve annuloplasty or replacement may be performed with satisfactory results. Due to the serious consequence of untreated TR, aggressive treatment of existing TR during mitral valve surgery is recommended. PMID:22490269

  20. Surgical treatment of tricuspid regurgitation after mitral valve surgery: a retrospective study in China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li Zong-Xiao

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Functional tricuspid regurgitation (TR occurs in patients with rheumatic mitral valve disease even after mitral valve surgery. The aim of this study was to analyze surgical results of TR after previous successful mitral valve surgery. Methods From September 1996 to September 2008, 45 patients with TR after previous mitral valve replacement underwent second operation for TR. In those, 43 patients (95.6% had right heart failure symptoms (edema of lower extremities, ascites, hepatic congestion, etc. and 40 patients (88.9% had atrial fibrillation. Twenty-six patients (57.8% were in New York Heart Association (NYHA functional class III, and 19 (42.2% in class IV. Previous operations included: 41 for mechanical mitral valve replacement (91.1%, 4 for bioprosthetic mitral valve replacement (8.9%, and 7 for tricuspid annuloplasty (15.6%. Results The tricuspid valves were repaired with Kay's (7 cases, 15.6% or De Vega technique (4 cases, 8.9%. Tricuspid valve replacement was performed in 34 cases (75.6%. One patient (2.2% died. Postoperative low cardiac output (LCO occurred in 5 patients and treated successfully. Postoperative echocardiography showed obvious reduction of right atrium and ventricle. The anterioposterior diameter of the right ventricle decreased to 25.5 ± 7.1 mm from 33.7 ± 6.2 mm preoperatively (P Conclusion TR after mitral valve replacement in rheumatic heart disease is a serious clinical problem. If it occurs or progresses late after mitral valve surgery, tricuspid valve annuloplasty or replacement may be performed with satisfactory results. Due to the serious consequence of untreated TR, aggressive treatment of existing TR during mitral valve surgery is recommended.

  1. Surgical endodontic therapy: retrofilling of apex with amalgam and SuperSeal. Retrospective study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pljevljak, N; Minasi, R; Brauner, E; Galli, M

    2011-06-01

    The aim of this study was to make a retrospective analysis on teeth with apicectomized roots, closed off by retrograde with amalgam and SuperSeal-Ogna® (cement oxide of zinc and eugenol modified by acidity ethoxy-benzoic acid), in order to achieve clinical evaluation and radiographic evidence of treated dental elements and surrounding tissue SuperSeal (Ogna®). The study was conducted on 420 teeth, single and multi rooted, pertaining to 366 patients (189 women and 177 men) endodontically treated, in between 1998 and 2007. The teeth were treated with endodontic technique step-back and closed off with gutta-percha. Following the roots were apicectomyzed and then was prepared a retrograde cavity using retrotip steel mounted on the ultrasonic device. After carrying out the retrograde cavity all the samples were divided into two groups . The retrograde filling in Group A was made in Superseal, group B with amalgama. Both groups were divided in those teeths who was treated with use of optical microscope and in groups of teeths preformed without microscope. Nevertheless amalgam against the SuperSeal offers almost the same quality of the seal and the same prognosis. However SuperSeal as a material of choice, proved excellent, for carrying out the retrograde fillings free of some side effects, such as dimensional instability, mercury poisoning and pigmentation of tissues (tattoos from amalgam). In any case, whatever the type of material is, the operative microscope significantly affects the occurrence of failure. This demonstrates the importance of the microscope in order to obtain greater visibility and accuracy of the apex seal, more than minor sacrifice of healthy tissue.

  2. Incidence of Postoperative Hematomas Requiring Surgical Treatment in Neurosurgery: A Retrospective Observational Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lillemäe, Kadri; Järviö, Johanna Annika; Silvasti-Lundell, Marja Kaarina; Antinheimo, Jussi Juha-Pekka; Hernesniemi, Juha Antero; Niemi, Tomi Tapio

    2017-12-01

    We aimed to characterize the occurrence of postoperative hematoma (POH) after neurosurgery overall and according to procedure type and describe the prevalence of possible confounders. Patient data between 2010 and 2012 at the Department of Neurosurgery in Helsinki University Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. A data search was performed according to the type of surgery including craniotomies; shunt procedures, spine surgery, and spinal cord stimulator implantation. We analyzed basic preoperative characteristics, as well as data about the initial intervention, perioperative period, revision operation and neurologic recovery (after craniotomy only). The overall incidence of POH requiring reoperation was 0.6% (n = 56/8783) to 0.6% (n = 26/4726) after craniotomy, 0% (n = 0/928) after shunting procedure, 1.1% (n = 30/2870) after spine surgery, and 0% (n = 0/259) after implantation of a spinal cord stimulator. Craniotomy types with higher POH incidence were decompressive craniectomy (7.9%, n = 7/89), cranioplasty (3.6%, n = 4/112), bypass surgery (1.7%, n = 1/60), and epidural hematoma evacuation (1.6%, n = 1/64). After spinal surgery, POH was observed in 1.1% of cervical and 2.1% of thoracolumbar operations, whereas 46.7% were multilevel procedures. 64.3% of patients with POH and 84.6% of patients undergoing craniotomy had postoperative hypertension (systolic blood pressure >160 mm Hg or lower if indicated). Poor outcome (Glasgow Outcome Scale score 1-3), whereas death at 6 months after craniotomy was detected in 40.9% and 21.7%. respectively, of patients with POH who underwent craniotomy. POH after neurosurgery was rare in this series but was associated with poor outcome. Identification of risk factors of bleeding, and avoiding them, if possible, might decrease the incidence of POH. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. Vertical compared with transverse incisions in abdominal surgery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grantcharov, T P; Rosenberg, J

    2001-01-01

    . SETTING: Teaching hospital, Denmark. SUBJECTS: Patients undergoing open abdominal operations. INTERVENTIONS: For some of the variables (burst abdomen and incisional hernia) it was considered adequate to include retrospective studies. Studies were identified through Medline, Cochrane library, Embase...... with fewer complications (pain, burst abdomen, and pulmonary morbidity) and there is lower incidence of late incisional hernia after transverse compared with vertical laparotomy. A midline incision is still the incision of choice in conditions that require rapid intra-abdominal entry (such as trauma...

  4. The mandibular incisive foramen.

    OpenAIRE

    Serman, N J

    1989-01-01

    An anatomical variant in the region of the mental foramen is discussed. In these cases the inferior alveolar nerve divides into its two terminal branches only after it has exited through the mental foramen. The incisive nerve thus commences outside the mandible, and has a short extra-osseous course before it enters the mandible through a separate foramen on the same horizontal plane. For the distance between these two foramina there is no nerve supply within the mandible. The groove between t...

  5. The SIMS trial: adjustable anchored single-incision mini-slings versus standard tension-free midurethral slings in the surgical management of female stress urinary incontinence. A study protocol for a pragmatic, multicentre, non-inferiority randomised controlled trial

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdel-Fattah, Mohamed; MacLennan, Graeme; Kilonzo, Mary; Assassa, R Phil; McCormick, Kirsty; Davidson, Tracey; McDonald, Alison; N’Dow, James; Wardle, Judith; Norrie, John

    2017-01-01

    Introduction Single-incision mini-slings (SIMS) represent the third generation of midurethral slings. They have been developed with the aim of offering a true ambulatory procedure for treatment of female stress urinary incontinence (SUI) with reduced morbidity and earlier recovery while maintaining similar efficacy to standard midurethral slings (SMUS). The aim of this study is to determine the clinical and cost-effectiveness of adjustable anchored SIMS compared with tension-free SMUS in the surgical management of female SUI, with 3-year follow-up. Methods and analysis A pragmatic, multicentre, non-inferiority randomised controlled trial. Primary outcome measure The primary outcome measure is the patient-reported success rate measured by the Patient Global Impression of Improvement at 12 months. The primary economic outcome will be incremental cost per quality-adjusted life year gained at 12 months. Secondary outcome measures The secondary outcomes measures include adverse events, objective success rates, impact on other lower urinary tract symptoms, health-related quality of life profile and sexual function, and reoperation rates for SUI. Secondary economic outcomes include National Health Service and patient primary and secondary care resource use and costs, incremental cost-effectiveness and incremental net benefit. Statistical analysis The statistical analysis of the primary outcome will be by intention-to-treat and also a per-protocol analysis. Results will be displayed as estimates and 95% CIs. CIs around observed differences will then be compared with the prespecified non-inferiority margin. Secondary outcomes will be analysed similarly. Ethics and dissemination The North of Scotland Research Ethics Committee has approved this study (13/NS/0143). The dissemination plans include HTA monograph, presentation at international scientific meetings and publications in high-impact, open-access journals. The results will be included in the updates of the National

  6. Does surgical technique affect the incidence of spondylodiscitis post-lumbar microdiscectomy? A retrospective analysis of 3063 patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaliaperumal, Chandrasekaran; Kuechler, Derek; Kaar, George; Marks, Charles; OʼSullivan, Michael

    2013-02-15

    Retrospective audit in a single center during a period of 7 years operated by 3 groups of surgeons after 3 different surgical techniques. Our study aimed to determine whether surgical technique had any influence on the incidence of spondylodiscitis in patients undergoing lumbar microdiscectomy and to compare this with published rate of incidence of spondylodiscitis. The incidence of spondylodiscitis post-lumbar microdiscectomy ranges from 0.2% to 15%. There is limited evidence to compare different techniques and the incidence of spondylodiscitis. A total of 3063 patients were analyzed from 2005 to 2011 for discitis postoperatively. The first group followed a standard microdiscectomy technique, the second group used antiseptic (Savlon; Novartis Consumer Health UK Limited, Surrey, UK) irrigation at the end of the procedure to irrigate the disc space, and the third group followed standard microdiscectomy along with usage of a separate disc instruments when discectomy was performed. The number of patients operated in the individual groups was 559, 1122, and 1382. The total number of patients who had postoperative discitis was 3 (0.10%), with a range of 0.07% to 0.18%. There was 1 case of discitis in each group. The incidence of spondylodiscitis in groups A, B, and C were 0.18%, 0.09%, and 0.07%, respectively. This study concluded that different techniques used for lumbar microdiscectomy revealed that standard microsurgical technique with usage of antiseptic irrigation for the disc space and usage of separate disc instruments had lesser incidence of spondylodiscitis in comparison with standard microdiscectomy. The overall incidence of postoperative discitis remains less in our series. So far, to our knowledge, this report involves the largest number of patients studied to determine the incidence of discitis in patients undergoing lumbar microdiscectomy. 3.

  7. A retrospective analysis of surgical site infections after chlorhexidine-alcohol versus iodine-alcohol for pre-operative antisepsis.

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    Charehbili, Ayoub; Swijnenburg, Rutger-Jan; van de Velde, Cornelis; van den Bremer, Jephta; van Gijn, Willem

    2014-06-01

    Surgical site infection (SSI) is the most common hospital-acquired infection in the Netherlands. There is little evidence in regard to differences in the efficacy of pre-operative topical antisepsis with iodine-alcohol as compared with chlorhexidine-alcohol for preventing SSI. We conducted a retrospective analysis at a single center, involving all patients who underwent breast, colon, or vascular surgery in 2010 and 2011, in which pre-operative disinfection of the skin was done with iodine-alcohol in 2010 and with chlorhexidine-alcohol in 2011. Demographic characteristics, surgical parameters, and rates of SSI were compared in the two groups of patients. Subgroup analyses were done for wound classification, wound type, and type of surgery performed. Associations of patient characteristics with SSI were also investigated. Data were analyzed with χ(2) tests, Student t-tests, and logistic regression analysis. No statistically significant difference was found in the rates of SSI in the two study groups, at 6.1% for the patients who underwent antisepsis with iodine-alcohol and 3.8% for those who underwent disinfection with chlorhexidine-alcohol (p=0.20). After multivariable analysis, an odds ratio (OR) of 0.68 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.30-1.47) in favor of chlorhexidine-alcohol was found. Male gender, acute surgery, absence of antibiotic prophylaxis, and longer hospital length of stay (LOS) were all associated with SSI after pre-operative topical antisepsis. In this single-center study conducted over a course of one year with each of the preparations investigated, no difference in the rate of SSI was found after an instantaneous protocol change from iodine-alcohol to chlorhexidine-alcohol for pre-operative topical antisepsis.

  8. Treatment of stress fracture of the olecranon in throwing athletes with internal fixation through a small incision

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    Fujioka Hiroyuki

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The present study is a report of retrospective case series of stress fracture of the olecranon. Six patients presented posterior elbow pain in throwing in baseball and softball, but fracture was not diagnosed in radiographs. We detected stress fracture of the olecranon using computed tomographic (CT scan and treated the patient with internal fixation with a headless cannulated double threaded screw through a small skin incision. All patients returned to competitive level without elbow complaints after the operation. When throwing athletes present with unusual posterior elbow pain and no significant findings on radiographs, a CT scan examination should be performed. We recommend surgical treatment of internal fixation with a screw through a small skin incision, as a good option for stress fracture of the olecranon in order to allow early return to sports activity in competitive athletes.

  9. Review of various liver retraction techniques in single incision laparoscopic surgery for the exposure of hiatus.

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    Palanivelu, Praveenraj; Patil, Kedar Pratap; Parthasarathi, Ramakrishnan; Viswambharan, Jaiganesh K; Senthilnathan, Palanisami; Palanivelu, Chinnusamy

    2015-01-01

    The main aspect of concern for upper GI procedures has been the retraction of the liver especially large left lobes as commonly encountered in Bariatric surgery. Not doing so would compromise the view of the hiatus, hence theoretically reducing the quality of the surgery and increasing the possibility of complications. The aim of this study was to review the various liver retraction techniques in single incision surgery being done at our institute and analyze them. A retrospective study of the various techniques and a subsequent analysis was made based on advantages and disadvantages of each method. Objectively a quantitative measure of hiatal exposure was done using a scoring system based on the grade of exposure after reviewing the surgical videos. From January 2011 to January 2013 total 104 patients underwent single incision surgery with the various liver retraction techniques with following grades of exposure -liver suspension tube technique with naso gastric tubing (2.11) and with corrugated drain (2.09) needlescopic method (1.2), Umbilical tape sling (1.95), crural stitch method (2.5). Needeloscopic method has the best grade of exposure and is the easiest to start with. The average time to create the liver retraction was 2.8 to 8.6 min.There was no procedure related morbidity or mortality. The mentioned liver retraction techniques are cost effective and easy to learn. We recommend using these techniques to have a good exposure of hiatus, without compromising the safety of surgery in single incision surgery.

  10. Radiographic characteristics in congenital scoliosis associated with split cord malformation: a retrospective study of 266 surgical cases.

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    Feng, Fan; Tan, Haining; Li, Xingye; Chen, Chong; Li, Zheng; Zhang, Jianguo; Shen, Jianxiong

    2017-10-23

    Vertebrae, ribs, and spinal cord are anatomically adjacent structures, and their close relationships are clinically important for planning better corrective surgical approach. The objective is to identify the radiographic characteristics in surgical patients with congenital scoliosis (CS) and coexisting split cord malformation (SCM). A total of 266 patients with CS and SCM underwent surgical treatment at our hospital between May 2000 and December 2015 was retrospectively identified. The demographic distribution and radiographic data were collected to investigate the characteristics of spine curve, vertebral, rib, and intraspinal anomalies. According to Pang's classification, all patients were divided into two groups: type I group is defined as two hemicords, each within a separate dural tube separated by a bony or cartilaginous medial spur, while type II group is defined as two hemicords within a single dural tube separated by a nonrigid fibrous septum. There were 104 patients (39.1%) in Type I group and 162 patients (60.9%) in Type II group. SCM was most commonly found in the lower thoracic and lumbar regions. The mean length of the septum in Type I SCM was significantly shorter than Type II SCM (2.7 vs. 5.2 segments). Patients in Type I group had a higher proportion of kyphotic deformity (22.1%). The vertebral deformities were simple in only 16.5% and multiple in 83.5% of 266 cases. Patients in Type I group presented higher prevalence of multiple (90.4%) and extensive (5.1 segments) malformation of vertebrae. In addition, hypertrophic lamina and bulbous spinous processes were more frequent in Type I group (29.7%), even developing into the "volcano-shape" deformities. Rib anomalies occurred in 62.8% of all patients and 46.1% of them were complex anomalies. The overall prevalence of other intraspinal anomalies was 42.9%. The most common coexisting intraspinal anomalies was syringomyelia (30.5%). The current study, with the largest cohort to date, demonstrated that

  11. Análise comparativa da técnica da incisão em duplo círculo com as técnicas com incisão periareolar e transareolomamilar de correção cirúrgica da ginecomastia Comparative analysis of the double-circle incision and techniques with periareolar and transareolopapilar incision for the surgical correction of gynecomastia

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    André Alves Cardoso

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: comparar a técnica da incisão em duplo círculo (DC com as técnicas de incisão periareolar (PA e transareolomamilar (TAM, na correção da ginecomastia. MÉTODOS: foram revisados os prontuários de 34 pacientes com ginecomastia submetidos à correção cirúrgica no Hospital das Clínicas de Goiânia de 1999 a 2004. Os pacientes foram divididos em três grupos, de acordo com a técnica cirúrgica utilizada. Comparamos as variáveis numéricas paramétricas usando o teste de Tukey. Para as variáveis nominais, foi utilizado o teste do chi2, ou o teste exato de Fisher, quando necessário. Considerou-se significante o pPURPOSE: to compare the double-circle (DC technique to other techniques, with periareolar (PA and transverse nipple-areolar (TNA incisions, for the surgical correction of gynecomastia. METHODS: we studied the medical files of 34 patients from the Federal University of Goiás, submitted to the surgical correction of gynecomastia, from 1999 to 2004. Patients were divided according to the surgical technique used. The parametric numeric variables were compared by Tukey test. The chi2 or the Fisher's exact test was used for nominal variables. It was considered significant a p value<0.05. RESULTS: the mean age of the patients was 27.9 (+12.5 years. There were 43 gynecomastias, 34 unilateral (79.1% and nine (20.9% bilateral. There were 19 breasts operated (44.2% using DC, 14 (33.6% using PA incision, and 10 (23.3%, TNA incision. The mean drain usage was five days for DC and one day for the others (p<0.01. The suction drain was used in 19 cases (100% of DC and two (22% in TNA. The other patients used drains of Penrose (p<0.01. The mean surgical time was significantly larger for DC (73 minutes than for PA (45 minutes and for TNA (48 minutes. DC was used mainly in voluminous gynecomastias (p=0.04. The complications consisted in three (33% hematomas in TNA (p<0.01 and one (5% in DC; one (11% infection in TNA; two (10% partial

  12. Retrospective Review of Hydrochloric Acid Infusion for the Treatment of Metabolic Alkalosis in Surgical Intensive Care Unit Patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guffey, Jason D; Haas, Curtis E; Crowley, Amber; Connor, Kathryn A; Kaufman, David C

    2018-01-01

    Older reports of use of hydrochloric acid (HCl) infusions for treatment of metabolic alkalosis document variable dosing strategies and risk. This study sought to characterize use of HCl infusions in surgical intensive care unit patients for the treatment of metabolic alkalosis. This retrospective review included patients who received a HCl infusion for >8 hours. The primary end point was to evaluate the utility of common acid-base equations for predicting HCl dose requirements. Secondary end points evaluated adverse effects, efficacy, duration of therapy, and total HCl dose needed to correct metabolic alkalosis. Data on demographics, potential causes of metabolic alkalosis, fluid volume, and duration of diuretics as well as laboratory data were collected. A total of 30 patients were included, and the average HCl infusion rate was 10.5 ± 3.7 mEq/h for an average of 29 ± 14.6 hours. Metabolic alkalosis was primarily diuretic-induced (n = 26). Efficacy was characterized by reduction in the median total serum CO 2 from 34 to 27 mM/L ( P metabolic alkalosis, and no serious adverse events were seen. In this clinical setting, the baseline chloride ion deficit and SIDa were not useful for prediction of total HCl dose requirement, and serial monitoring of response is recommended.

  13. Outcome of Trans-Axillary Approach for Surgical Decompression of Thoracic Outlet: A Retrospective Study in a Tertiary Care Hospital

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    Mohd Riyaz Lattoo

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the trans-axillary surgical approach in patients with thoracic outlet syndrome. Methods: This retrospective study is comprised of data acquired from January 1998 until Oct 2008. Case histories of all the patients were reviewed from the Medical Records Department of Sher-i-Kashmir Institute. Relevant information and follow-up of the patients was carried out by examining the relevant clinical notes available by telephone interviews and personal contact whenever possible. All data was compiled and analyzed statistically. Results: There were a total of 139 patients. The female: male ratio was about 6:1. Pain was the most common presenting symptom followed by weakness and parasthesia. Nerve conduction velocity was abnormal in 111 patients. Twenty-eight patients had abnormal Doppler study of subclavian vessels. Preoperative symptoms persisted in 13 patients. Overall, 126 patients showed improvement in symptoms and no recurrence or persistence of symptoms on follow-up examination. Conclusion: Trans-axillary approach provides a good exposure and cosmesis in patients with thoracic outlet syndrome. It should be considered as the gold standard in the management of thoracic outlet syndrome.

  14. Comparison of surgical Limberg flap technique and crystallized phenol application in the treatment of pilonidal sinus disease: a retrospective study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akan, Kaan; Tihan, Deniz; Duman, Uğur; Özgün, Yiğit; Erol, Fatih; Polat, Murat

    2013-01-01

    Objective: This study was designed to compare the efficacy of crystallized phenol method with Limberg flap in pilonidal sinus treatment. Material and Methods: Patients with a diagnosis of pilonidal sinus disease treated with surgical excision + Limberg rhomboid flap technique and crystallized phenol method between 2010–2011 in the Şevket Yılmaz Training and Research Hospital, Department of General Surgery were evaluated retrospectively. Patients’ age, sex, length of hospital stay, complications and recurrence rates were evaluated. Results: Eighty eight percent of patients were male and mean age was 26.84±6.41 in the Limberg group, and 24.72±5.00 in the crystallized phenol group. Sinus orifice locations and nature, and duration of symptoms before surgery were similar in the two groups. Length of hospital stay in the Limberg group was 1.46±0.61 days; whereas all patients in the crystallized phenol group were discharged on the same day. Infection, hematoma, wound dehiscence, and cosmetic problems were significantly higher in the Limberg group. There was no difference between the two groups in terms of recurrence and seroma formation. Conclusion: The less invasive method of crystallized phenol application may be an alternative approach to rhomboid excision and Limberg flap in patients with non-complicated pilonidal sinus disease, yielding acceptable recurrence rates. PMID:25931870

  15. Frontal Sinus Breach During Routine Frontal Craniotomy Significantly Increases Risk of Surgical Site Infection: 10-Year Retrospective Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Linzey, Joseph R; Wilson, Thomas J; Sullivan, Stephen E; Thompson, B Gregory; Pandey, Aditya S

    2017-09-01

    Frontotemporal craniotomies are commonly performed for a variety of neurosurgical pathologies. Infections related to craniotomies cause significant morbidity. We hypothesized that the risk of cranial surgical site infections (SSIs) may be increased in patients whose frontal sinuses are breached during craniotomy. To compare the rate of cranial SSIs in patients undergoing frontotemporal craniotomies with and without frontal sinus breach (FSB). We performed a retrospective analysis of all patients undergoing frontotemporal craniotomies for the management of cerebral aneurysms from 2005 to 2014. This study included 862 patients undergoing 910 craniotomies. Primary outcome of interest was occurrence of a cranial SSI. Standard statistical methods were utilized to explore associations between a variety of variables including FSB, cranial SSI, and infections requiring reoperation. Of the 910 craniotomies, 141 (15.5%) involved FSB. Of those involving FSB, 22 (15.6%) developed a cranial SSI, compared to only 56 of the 769 without FSB (7.3%; P = .001). Cranial SSI requiring reoperation was much more likely in patients with FSB compared to those without a breach (7.8% vs 1.6%; P craniotomies are at significantly greater risk of serious cranial SSIs if the frontal sinus has been breached. Copyright © 2017 by the Congress of Neurological Surgeons

  16. Surgical site infection and timing of prophylactic antibiotics for appendectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Wan-Ting; Tai, Feng-Chuan; Wang, Pa-Chun; Tsai, Ming-Lin

    2014-12-01

    Pre-operative prophylactic antibiotics may decrease the frequency of surgical site infection after appendectomy. However, the optimal timing for administration of pre-operative prophylactic antibiotics is unknown. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of timing of prophylactic antibiotics on the frequency of surgical site infection after appendectomy. Medical records were reviewed retrospectively for 577 consecutive patients who had appendectomy for acute appendicitis from 2006 to 2009. Quality assurance guidelines for timing of prophylactic antibiotics before the skin incision were changed from 0 to 30 min before the skin incision (before June 2008) to 30 to 60 min before the skin incision (after June 2008). Surgical site infection occurred in 28 patients (4.9%). There was no difference in frequency of surgical site infection with different timing of pre-operative prophylactic antibiotic (pre-operative time 0 to 30 min: 9 infections [3.6%]; 31 to 60 min: 13 infections [5.4%]; 61 to 120 min: 5 infections [7.0%]; >120 min: 1 infection [6.6%]). Multivariable analysis showed that surgical site infection was associated significantly with medical comorbidity but not perforated appendicitis. The frequency of surgical site infection was independent of timing of preoperative prophylactic antibiotics but was associated with the presence of medical comorbidity.

  17. The inverted Batman incision: a new incision in transcolumellar incision for open rhinoplasty.

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    Nakanishi, Yuji; Nagasao, Tomohisa; Shimizu, Yusuke; Miyamoto, Junpei; Fukuta, Keizo; Kishi, Kazuo

    2013-12-01

    Columellar and nostril shapes often present irregularity after transcolumellar incision for open rhinoplasty, because of the contracture of the incised wound. The present study introduces a new technique to prevent this complication, and verifies its efficacy in improving cosmetic appearance. In our new method, a zig-zag incision with three small triangular flaps is made on the columella and in the pericolumellar regions of the bilateral nostril rims. Since the shape of the incision resembles the contour of an inverted "batman", we term our new method the "Inverted Batman" incision. To verify the effectiveness of the Inverted Batman incision, aesthetic evaluation was conducted for 21 patients operated on using the conventional transcolumellar incision (Conventional Group) and 19 patients operated on using the Inverted Batman incision (Inverted Batman Group). The evaluation was performed by three plastic surgeons, using a four-grade scale to assess three separate items: symmetry of bilateral soft triangles, symmetry of bilateral margins of the columella, and evenness of the columellar surface. The scores of the two groups for these three items were compared using a non-parametric test (Mann-Whitney U-test). With all three items, the Inverted Batman group patients present higher scores than Conventional Group patients. The Inverted Batman incision is effective in preserving the correct anatomical structure of the columella, soft triangle, and nostril rims. Hence, we recommend the Inverted Batman incision as a useful technique for open rhinoplasty.

  18. Functional and aesthetic results of various lip-splitting incisions: A clinical analysis of 60 cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rapidis, A D; Valsamis, S; Anterriotis, D A; Skouteris, C A

    2001-11-01

    This study retrospectively evaluated the functional and aesthetic results of various types of lip-splitting incisions in a group of patients in whom this approach was used to treat intraoral tumors. Between 1992 and 1998, 87 consecutive patients were subjected to either mandibulotomy or mandibulectomy using a lip-splitting incision. During this period, 4 types of incisions were sequentially used: straight midline incision, lateral lip-splitting incision, midline splitting with extension around the contour of the chin, and the chevron chin-contour incision. Sixty patients with a follow-up of at least 6 months were included in the study. The patients were asked to answer a questionnaire regarding the degree of satisfaction with the cosmetic result of the procedure and were clinically assessed for sensory and functional impairment resulting from the incision. The remaining 27 patients were lost to follow-up or had died of their disease. The lateral lip-splitting incision caused the fewest postoperative problems in patients subjected to either mandibulotomy or mandibulectomy. The best overall results were achieved by the chevron-chin contour incision. The incision that followed the contour of the chin and the straight midline incision showed less satisfactory results. The chevron chin-contour incision, along with meticulous soft tissue closure, produces the best aesthetic and functional results. Copyright 2001 American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons

  19. A retrospective study of end-of-life care decisions in the critically Ill in a surgical intensive care unit

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    Yi Lin Lee

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim: Progress in medical care and technology has led to patients with more advanced illnesses being admitted to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU. The practice of approaching end-of-life (EOL care decisions and limiting care is well documented in Western literature but unknown in Singapore. We performed a retrospective cohort study to describe the practice of EOL care in patients dying in a Singapore surgical ICU (SICU. The surgical critical care population was chosen as it is unique because surgeons are frequently involved in the EOL process. Methods: All consecutive patients aged 21 and above admitted to the SICU from July 2011 to March 2012, and who passed away in the ICU or within 7 days of discharge from the ICU (to account for transferred patients out of the ICU after end-of life care decisions were made and subsequently passed away were included in the study. Results: There were 473 SICU admissions during this period, out of which 53 were included with a mean age of 67.2 ± 11.1 years. EOL discussions were held in 81.1% of patients with a median time from admission to first discussion at 1 day (IQR 0–2.75 and a median number of ICU discussion of 1 (IQR 1–2. As most patients lacked decision-making capacity (inability to retain and process information secondary to the underlying disease pathology or sedative use, a surrogate was involved: group decision in 27.9%, child in 25.6% and an unclear family nominated member in 20.9%. 28.3% of patients were managed as for full active with resuscitation, 39.6% nonescalation of care, and 32.1% for withdrawal. The main reasons for conservative management (nonescalation and withdrawal of care were certain death in 52.3%, medical futility with minimal response to maximal care (27.3%, and the presence of underlying malignancy (18.2%. There was no significant difference between race or religion among patients for active or conservative management. Conclusion: 71.7% of patients who passed away in the ICU or

  20. Do the Surgical Outcomes of Rectovaginal Fistula Repairs Differ for Obstetric and Nonobstetric Fistulas? A Retrospective Cohort Study.

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    Karp, Natalie E; Kobernik, Emily K; Berger, Mitchell B; Low, Chelsea M; Fenner, Dee E

    2017-09-15

    Rectovaginal fistulas can occur from both obstetric and nonobstetric (eg, inflammatory bowel disease, iatrogenic, or traumatic) etiologies. Current data on factors contributing to rectovaginal repair success or failure are limited, making adequate patient counseling difficult. Our objective was to compare outcomes of transperineal rectovaginal fistula repair performed in a single referral center on women with obstetric and nonobstetric causes. We performed a retrospective cohort study of women who had a transperineal rectovaginal fistula repair performed by a urogynecologist at the University of Michigan from 2005 to 2015. Data were obtained by chart review and included demographics, medical comorbidities, fistula etiology, history of a prior fistula repair, failure of current repair, time to failure, and operative details. Repair failure was defined as fistula symptoms with presence of recurrent fistula on exam or imaging in the postoperative follow-up period. Comparisons between the obstetric and nonobstetric cohorts were performed using χ, Fisher exact, and Wilcoxon rank sum tests. Relative risks were calculated to identify predictors of failure. Eighty-eight women were included-53 obstetric and 35 nonobstetric fistulas. The overall fistula repair failure rate was 22.7% (n = 20). Median follow-up was 157.0 days (range, 47.5-402.0). Of all the factors, only nonobstetric etiology was significantly associated with an increased risk of repair failure (relative risk, 3.53 [range, 1.50-8.32]; P = 0.004. Nonobstetric rectovaginal fistulas have a nearly 4-fold increased risk of repair failure compared with obstetric fistulas. Our results will help surgeons adequately counsel patients on potential outcomes of surgical repair of obstetric versus nonobstetric rectovaginal fistulas.

  1. Application of laparoscopy in the combined surgical procedures of gynecological and digestive disorders in obese women: a retrospective cohort study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Haibo; Zhou, Ailing; Fan, Min; Li, Ping; Qi, Shengwei; Gao, Licai; Li, Xiujuan; Zhao, Jinrong

    2015-04-01

    Laparoscopy surgery has been widely used for many decades and combined laparoscopic procedures have become favorable choices for concomitant pathologies in the abdomen. However, the type of combination procedures and their safety in obese women have not been well elucidated in obese women. Here we retrospectively reported 147 obese women underwent combined laparoscopic gynecological surgery and cholecystectomy/appendicectomy in our hospital from January 2003 to December 2011. Of the total number of patients (n = 147), various laparoscopic gynecological surgeries were combined with laparoscopic cholecystectomy in 93 patients, and were combined with laparoscopic appendectomy in the rest 54 patients. Patients' ages ranged from 24 to 55 years with an average of 33 years. Our results showed that combined procedures caused various operative time and blood loss, with no difference considering the time to resume oral intake and length of hospital stay. Intraoperative complications occurred in a total of 7 patients (4.8%). None of the patients suffered from major complications after laparoscopic surgery, and minor postoperative complications occurred in 30 patients (20.4%). The follow-up period ranged from 6 to 24 months (average, 18.5 months). None of the patients developed complications during follow-up, except that one patient suffered from colporrhagia. Our results further suggest that the combined abdominal laparoscopic procedures of gynecologic and general surgery are safe and economic choices for obese women, and benefit patients in many ways including lesser pain, shorter hospital stays and earlier recovery. Copyright © 2015 Surgical Associates Ltd. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  2. The economic burden of nurse-sensitive adverse events in 22 medical-surgical units: retrospective and matching analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tchouaket, Eric; Dubois, Carl-Ardy; D'Amour, Danielle

    2017-07-01

    The aim of this study was to assess the economic burden of nurse-sensitive adverse events in 22 acute-care units in Quebec by estimating excess hospital-related costs and calculating resulting additional hospital days. Recent changes in the worldwide economic and financial contexts have made the cost of patient safety a topical issue. Yet, our knowledge about the economic burden of safety of nursing care is quite limited in Canada in general and Quebec in particular. Retrospective analysis of charts of 2699 patients hospitalized between July 2008 - August 2009 for at least 2 days of 30-day periods in 22 medical-surgical units in 11 hospitals in Quebec. Data were collected from September 2009 to August 2010. Nurse-sensitive adverse events analysed were pressure ulcers, falls, medication administration errors, pneumonia and urinary tract infections. Descriptive statistics identified numbers of cases for each nurse-sensitive adverse event. A literature analysis was used to estimate excess median hospital-related costs of treatments with these nurse-sensitive adverse events. Costs were calculated in 2014 Canadian dollars. Additional hospital days were estimated by comparing lengths of stay of patients with nurse-sensitive adverse events with those of similar patients without nurse-sensitive adverse events. This study found that five adverse events considered nurse-sensitive caused nearly 1300 additional hospital days for 166 patients and generated more than Canadian dollars 600,000 in excess treatment costs. The results present the financial consequences of the nurse-sensitive adverse events. Government should invest in prevention and in improvements to care quality and patient safety. Managers need to strengthen safety processes in their facilities and nurses should take greater precautions. © 2017 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  3. The fourth incision: a cosmetic autopsy incision technique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patowary, Amarjyoti

    2010-03-01

    Autopsy procedure includes thorough external examination as well as internal examination including opening of all the body cavities for proper visualization of all the visceral organs. As such, there remains incision marks with stitches which harts the sentiment of the already traumatized relatives of the deceased. Moreover, it looks odd especially in cases of otherwise healthy dead bodies. So, autopsy incisions should be such that, we can get maximum possible visualization of the body cavities, particularly the thorax and abdomen, and at the same time the incision as well as the stitch marks are also hidden. This article is aimed to describe few modifications in the autopsy incisions for opening the thorax and abdomen and also proper visualization of the neck structures during autopsy where the incisions and the stitches are kept hidden.

  4. Retrospective analysis of patients submitted to surgical treatment of perianal fistula in Santa Marcelina Hospital, São Paulo

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    Isaac José Felippe Corrêa Neto

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Perianal fistula is a condition commonly found in surgical practice, with an incidence of approximately 1 in 10,000 individuals, with a predisposition for the male gender, occurring mainly in patients between 30 and 50 years and in 80% of the cases originating from infection in the glandular crypts (cryptoglandular. Objective: To perform a retrospective analysis using electronic medical record data of patients submitted to surgical treatment for perianal fistula in Santa Marcelina Hospital in São Paulo, as well as to verify the incidence of relapse and anal continence disorders, in addition to the complexity and types of fistulas and patient characterization. Results: Two hundred patients were submitted to surgical treatment of perianal fistula were analyzed. Among men, there was a higher incidence of patients with lower educational level (p = 0.02, hypertension (0.03, diabetes (0.05, older age (p = 0.001, whereas among women previous perianal abscess predominated (0.001. There was no statistical difference in anal continence between patients submitted to fistulotomy with or without seton. Conclusion: We observed a predominance of male patients and a low incidence of recurrence and symptoms of anal continence disorders, in addition to a predominance of complex fistulas. Resumo: Introdução: Fístula perianal é uma condição comumente encontrada na prática cirúrgica com incidência de cerca 1 em 10000 indivíduos com predisposição para o sexo masculino, ocorrendo fundamentalmente em pacientes entre 30 e 50 anos e em 80% dos casos tem origem em infecção nas criptas glandulares (criptoglandular. Objetivo: Realizar análise retrospectiva através de dados de prontuário eletrônico de pacientes submetidos a tratamento cirúrgico de fístula perianal no Hospital Santa Marcelina São Paulo, além de verificar a incidência de recidiva e desordens da continência anal, além da complexidade e tipos das fístulas e

  5. Towards achieving small-incision cataract surgery 99.8% of the time.

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    Thomas R

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available A surgical approach designed to reliably attain the modern goal of small incision cataract surgery 99.8% of the time is described. Phacoemulsification as well as a manual small incision technique is utilised to achieve the desired outcome as often as possible and for all types of cataracts. The logic, and required surgical steps are described and illustrated. This surgical technique allows the advantages of small incision surgery to be reliably achieved. The method is flexible and allows decisions and steps to be modified depending on the skill and comfort zone of the individual surgeon.

  6. Small-incision lenticule extraction (SMILE)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Rasmus Søgaard; Lyhne, Niels; Grauslund, Jakob

    2016-01-01

    PURPOSE: To study the outcomes of small-incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) for treatment of myopia and myopic astigmatism. METHODS: Retrospective study of patients treated for myopia or myopic astigmatism with SMILE, using a VisuMax(®) femtosecond laser (Carl Zeiss Meditec, Jena, Germany...... surgery was 0.07 ± 0.03 (logMAR). However, 12 eyes (1.6 %) lost 2 or more lines of CDVA from before surgery to 3 months postoperatively. Simultaneous treatment of up to 3.00 D of astigmatism was not associated with less predictable refractive outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: In the short term, SMILE seemed...

  7. Giant Nasolabial Cyst Treated Using Neumann Incision: Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ordones, Alexandre Beraldo

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: A nasolabial cyst is an ectodermal development cyst. It presents as a fullness of canine fossa, nasal ala, or vestibule of the nose. It is rare and usually small. Treatment consists of complete surgical excision or transnasal endoscopic marsupialization. Objective: To describe a giant nasolabial cyst case treated using Neumann incision. Case Report: A 37-year-old man was referred to the otolaryngology department with nasal obstruction and nasal deformity. Computed tomography showed a nasal cystic lesion 4 × 4.5 × 5 cm wide. Surgical excision using Neumann incision was performed. Discussion: Neumann incision provides wide access to the nasal cavity and may be useful in nasolabial cyst treatment.

  8. Early experience with single incision laparoscopic surgery: eliminating the scar from abdominal operations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dutta, Sanjeev

    2009-09-01

    Single incision laproscopic surgery (SILS) involves performing abdominal operations with laparoscopic instruments placed through a single, small umbilical incision. The primary goal is to avoid visible scarring. This is the first report of SILS cholecystectomy in children and the first report in the literature of SILS splenectomy. A retrospective chart review was performed in 20 consecutive inpatient SILS procedures (13 males, 7 females; ages 2-17 years) from May to December 2008. Outcome measures included need for conversion, operative time, time to oral analgesia, length of hospitalization, cosmetic outcome, and complications. There were 4 total splenectomies, 3 cholecystectomies, 2 combined splenectomy/cholecystectomies, and 11 appendectomies performed. All procedures were completed successfully without need for conversion to standard laparoscopy or open surgery. Mean operative time was 90 minutes for splenectomy, 68 minutes for cholecystectomy, 165 minutes for combined splenectomy/cholecystectomy, and 33 minutes for appendectomy. Mean hospital stay was 1 day for appendectomy, 1 day for cholecystectomy, and 2.5 days for splenectomy. One splenectomy patient received 1 U packed red blood cell transfusion. All appendectomy patients were converted to oral analgesia within 24 hours and splenectomy patients within 48 hours. All families were very pleased with the cosmetic outcome. Single incision laparoscopic surgery is feasible for a variety of pediatric general surgical conditions, allowing for scarless abdominal operations. This early experience suggests that outcomes are comparable to standard laparoscopic surgery but with improved cosmesis, however, a larger series is necessary to confirm these findings and to determine if there are any benefits in pain or recovery. Surgeons performing SILS should have a firm foundation of advanced minimal access surgical skills and a cautious, gradated approach to attempting the various procedures. Technological refinements will

  9. Audit of Orthopaedic Surgical Documentation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fionn Coughlan

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. The Royal College of Surgeons in England published guidelines in 2008 outlining the information that should be documented at each surgery. St. James’s Hospital uses a standard operation sheet for all surgical procedures and these were examined to assess documentation standards. Objectives. To retrospectively audit the hand written orthopaedic operative notes according to established guidelines. Methods. A total of 63 operation notes over seven months were audited in terms of date and time of surgery, surgeon, procedure, elective or emergency indication, operative diagnosis, incision details, signature, closure details, tourniquet time, postop instructions, complications, prosthesis, and serial numbers. Results. A consultant performed 71.4% of procedures; however, 85.7% of the operative notes were written by the registrar. The date and time of surgery, name of surgeon, procedure name, and signature were documented in all cases. The operative diagnosis and postoperative instructions were frequently not documented in the designated location. Incision details were included in 81.7% and prosthesis details in only 30% while the tourniquet time was not documented in any. Conclusion. Completion and documentation of operative procedures were excellent in some areas; improvement is needed in documenting tourniquet time, prosthesis and incision details, and the location of operative diagnosis and postoperative instructions.

  10. Assessment of Location and Anatomical Characteristics of Mental Foramen, Anterior Loop and Mandibular Incisive Canal Using Cone Beam Computed Tomography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Panjnoush, Mehrdad; Rabiee, Zonnar Sadat; Kheirandish, Yasaman

    2016-03-01

    This study aimed to evaluate the location and characteristics of mental foramen, anterior loop and mandibular incisive canal using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). This retrospective cross-sectional study evaluated 200 mandibular CBCT scans for the location of mental foramen, anterior loop prevalence and mandibular incisive canal visibility, its mean length and distance to buccal and lingual plates and inferior border of the mandible. The effect of age and gender on these variables was also analyzed (P<0.05). Anterior loop and mandibular incisive canal were seen in 59.5% and 97.5% of the cases, respectively. The mean length of the mandibular incisive canal was 10.48±4.53mm in the right and 10.40±4.52mm in the left side. The mean distance from the endpoints of the canal to buccal plate was 3.63±1.73mm in the right and 3.66±1.45mm in the left side. These distances were 3.89±1.53mm in the right and 4.13±1.48mm in the left side to lingual plate and 9.98±2.07mm in the right and 8.62±1.97mm in the left side to the inferior border of the mandible. The distance from the endpoints of the canal to lingual plate was significantly different in the right and left sides. The distance from the endpoint of the canal to the buccal plate and inferior border of the mandible was significantly shorter in females (P=0.016), and had a weak, significant correlation with age (rsp=0.215, P=0.003). Due to variability in mandibular incisive canal length and high prevalence of anterior loop, CBCT is recommended before surgical manipulation of interforaminal region.

  11. European Hernia Society guidelines on the closure of abdominal wall incisions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Muysoms, F E; Antoniou, S A; Bury, K

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The material and the surgical technique used to close an abdominal wall incision are important determinants of the risk of developing an incisional hernia. Optimising closure of abdominal wall incisions holds a potential to prevent patients suffering from incisional hernias and for im...

  12. a comparative study between manual small incision cataract surgery ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... October 2012 to October 2014 for cataract surgery were followed up for 6 weeks after surgery. They were divided into two groups based on the type of surgical procedure opted by the patients. Group A consisted of 50 patients who underwent Manual Small Incision Cataract. Surgery with rigid Polymethyl Methacrylate IOL ...

  13. Treatment of pharyngocutaneous fistula acquired from incisions and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Treatment of pharyngocutaneous fistula acquired from incisions and drainage of deep neck space abscess in a patient with occult third branchial anomaly. ... We did surgical exploration to excise and close the fistula but only succeeded at the second attempt. Conclusion: We conclude that branchial apparatus anomaly ...

  14. Surgical intervention in pediatric trauma at a level 1 trauma hospital: a retrospective cohort study and report of cost data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anantha, Ram Venkatesh; Zamiara, Paul; Merritt, Neil H

    2018-04-01

    Given that the management of severely injured children requires coordinated care provided by multiple pediatric surgical subspecialties, we sought to describe the frequency and associated costs of surgical intervention among pediatric trauma patients admitted to a level 1 trauma centre in southwestern Ontario. All pediatric (age < 18 yr) trauma patients treated at the Children's Hospital - London Health Sciences Centre (CH-LHSC) between 2002 and 2013 were included in this study. We compared patients undergoing surgical intervention with a nonsurgical group with respect to demographic characteristics and outcomes. Hospital-associated costs were calculated only for the surgical group. Of 784 injured children, 258 (33%) required surgery, 40% of whom underwent orthopedic interventions. These patients were older and more severely injured, and they had longer lengths of stay than their nonsurgical counterparts. There was no difference in mortality between the groups. Seventy-four surgical patients required intervention within 4 hours of admission; 45% of them required neurosurgical intervention. The median cost of hospitalization was $27 571 for the surgical group. One-third of pediatric trauma patients required surgical intervention, of whom one-third required intervention within 4 hours of arrival. Despite the associated costs, the surgical treatment of children was associated with comparable mortality to nonsurgical treatment of less severely injured patients. This study represents the most recent update to the per patient cost for surgically treated pediatric trauma patients in Ontario, Canada, and helps to highlight the multispecialty care needed for the management of injured children.

  15. Factors associated with the healing of complex surgical wounds in the breast and abdomen: retrospective cohort study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borges, Eline Lima; Pires, José Ferreira; Abreu, Mery Natali Silva; Lima, Vera Lúcia de Araújo; Silva, Patrícia Aparecida Barbosa; Soares, Sônia Maria

    2016-10-10

    to estimate the healing rate of complex surgical wounds and its associated factors. retrospective cohort study from 2003 to 2014 with 160 outpatients of a Brazilian university hospital. Data were obtained through consultation of the medical records. Survival function was estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method and Cox regression model to estimate the likelihood of the occurrence of healing. the complex surgical wound healing rate was 67.8% (95% CI: 60.8-74.9). Factors associated with a higher likelihood of wound healing were segmentectomy/quadrantectomy surgery, consumption of more than 20 grams/day of alcohol, wound extent of less that 17.3 cm2 and the length of existence of the wound prior to outpatient treatment of less than 15 days, while the use of hydrocolloid covering and Marlex mesh were associated with a lower likelihood of healing. the wound healing rate was considered high and was associated with the type of surgical intervention, alcohol consumption, type of covering, extent and length of wound existence. Preventive measures can be implemented during the monitoring of the evolution of the complex surgical wound closure, with possibilities of intervention in the modifiable risk factors. estimar a taxa de cicatrização de ferida cirúrgica complexa e seus fatores associados. coorte retrospectiva de 2003 a 2014 com 160 pacientes ambulatoriais de um hospital universitário brasileiro. Os dados foram obtidos por meio de consulta aos prontuários médicos. Função de sobrevida foi estimada pelo método de Kaplan-Meier e modelo de regressão de Cox para estimação do risco de ocorrência da cicatrização. a taxa de cicatrização da ferida cirúrgica complexa foi 67,8% (IC 95%: 60,8-74,9). Os fatores associados a um maior risco de cicatrização da ferida foram cirurgia de setorectomia / quadrantectomia, consumo de mais de 20 gramas/dia de etanol, extensão da ferida menor que 17,3 cm2 e tempo de existência da ferida pré-tratamento ambulatorial inferior

  16. Robot-assisted submandibular gland excision via modified facelift incision

    OpenAIRE

    Jung, Seung Wook; Kim, Young Kwan; Cha, Yong Hoon; Koh, Yoon Woo; Nam, Woong

    2017-01-01

    Background The conventional transcervical resection for submandibular gland disease has some risks and an unsatisfactory cosmetic result. Recently, robot-assisted surgery has been developed as a plausible substitute for conventional surgery which provides an excellent cosmetic outcome. Case presentation The authors performed robot-assisted sialadenectomy via modified facelift incision using the da Vinci Xi surgical system (Intuitive Surgical Inc., CA, USA) with two endowrist arms (monopolar c...

  17. External defibrillation failure due to antimicrobial incise drape.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barbara, David W; Dietz, Niki M; White, Roger D; Pochettino, Alberto; Nuttall, Gregory A

    2013-09-01

    Antimicrobial incise drapes adhere to a patient's skin during surgery in an attempt to reduce surgical infections. We describe a patient undergoing repeated aortic valve replacement who experienced sudden ventricular fibrillation before median sternotomy. External defibrillation was unsuccessful on multiple attempts using several defibrillators. On removal of the incise drape from the patient's chest, external defibrillation was immediately successful. Increased transthoracic impedance can be caused by multiple factors and may prevent defibrillation. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of an antimicrobial incise drape preventing defibrillation. If external defibrillation, cardioversion, or pacing is indicated intraoperatively, we recommend prompt removal of the antimicrobial incise drapes before electrode placement if the drapes overlay the intended pad position. Since this case, our institutional practice has now changed to placement of 2 external adhesive defibrillator electrodes onto the patient's skin lateral to the surgical field before incise drape application to allow for defibrillation. Copyright © 2013 Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  18. Surgical Management of Non-Obstetric Acute Abdomen During Pregnancy: A Retrospective Review of 24 Cases After 8-Years’ Experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mert Turğal

    2012-12-01

    Conclusions: The issue of surgical management of non-obstetric acute abdomen during pregnancy is an important concern for clinicians who care women. Prompt diagnosis and appropriate surgical approach are the cornerstones of the management. Due to the diagnostic limitations of ultrasonography, MR imaging has become increasingly popular and gave direction to management strategy.

  19. The “excluding” suture technique for surgical closure of ventricular septal defects: A retrospective study comparing the standard technique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roy Varghese

    2016-01-01

    Conclusion: Surgical closure of VSDs can be accomplished by placing sutures along the margins or away with comparable results. The incidence of CHB, however, seems to be less when the “excluding” technique is employed.

  20. Safety and Effectiveness of Percutaneously Inserted Peritoneal Ports Compared to Surgically Inserted Ports in a Retrospective Study of 87 Patients with Ovarian Carcinoma over a 10-Year Period

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Woodley-Cook, Joel, E-mail: jwoodleycook@gmail.com [The Scarborough Hospital, Vascular and Interventional Radiology, Department of Diagnostic Imaging (Canada); Tarulli, Emidio; Tan, Kong T.; Rajan, Dheeraj K.; Simons, Martin E. [University of Toronto, Vascular and Interventional Radiology, Department of Medical Imaging, University Health Network (Canada)

    2016-11-15

    PurposePlacement of peritoneal ports has become a favorable technique for direct chemotherapy infusion in treating peritoneal metastases from ovarian cancer. We aim to outline an approach to the percutaneous insertion of peritoneal ports and to characterize success and complication rates compared to surgically inserted ports.Materials and MethodsRetrospective analysis was collected from 87 patients who had peritoneal port insertion (28 inserted surgically and 59 percutaneously) for treatment of peritoneal metastases from ovarian cancer from July 2004 to July 2014. Complications were classified according to the SIR Clinical Practice Guidelines as major or minor.ResultsTechnical success rates for surgically and percutaneously inserted ports were 100 and 96.7 %, respectively (p = 0.44), with the two percutaneous failures successful at a later date. There were no major complications in either group. Minor complication rates for surgically versus percutaneously inserted ports were 46.4 versus 22.0 %, respectively (p = 0.02). The infection rate for surgically inserted versus percutaneously inserted ports was 14.3 and 0 %, respectively (p = 0.002). The relative risk of developing a complication from percutaneous peritoneal port insertion without ascites was 3.4 (p = 0.04). For percutaneously inserted ports, the mean in-room procedure time was 81 ± 1.3 min and mean fluoroscopy time was 5.0 ± 4.5 min.ConclusionPercutaneously inserted peritoneal ports are a safe alternative to surgically inserted ports, demonstrating similar technical success and lower complication rates.

  1. Pre-operative urinary tract infection: is it a risk factor for early surgical site infection with hip fracture surgery? A retrospective analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yassa, Rafik Rd; Khalfaoui, Mahdi Y; Veravalli, Karunakar; Evans, D Alun

    2017-03-01

    The aims of the current study were to determine whether pre-operative urinary tract infections in patients presenting acutely with neck of femur fractures resulted in a delay to surgery and whether such patients were at increased risk of developing post-operative surgical site infections. A retrospective review of all patients presenting with a neck of femur fracture, at a single centre over a one-year period. The hospital hip fracture database was used as the main source of data. UK University Teaching Hospital. All patients ( n  = 460) presenting across a single year study period with a confirmed hip fracture. The presence of pre-operative urinary tract infection, the timing of surgical intervention, the occurrence of post-operative surgical site infection and the pathogens identified. A total of 367 patients were operated upon within 24 hours of admission. Urinary infections were the least common cause of delay. A total of 99 patients (21.5%) had pre-operative urinary tract infection. Post-operatively, a total of 57 (12.4%) patients developed a surgical site infection. Among the latter, 31 (54.4%) did not have a pre-operative urinary infection, 23 (40.4%) patients had a pre-operative urinary tract infection, 2 had chronic leg ulcers and one patient had a pre-operative chest infection. Statistically, there was a strong relationship between pre-operative urinary tract infection and the development of post-operative surgical site infection ( p -value: 0.0005). The results of our study indicate that pre-operative urinary tract infection has a high prevalence amongst those presenting with neck of femur fractures, and this is a risk factor for the later development of post-operative surgical site infection.

  2. Pre-operative urinary tract infection: is it a risk factor for early surgical site infection with hip fracture surgery? A retrospective analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Yassa, Rafik RD; Khalfaoui, Mahdi Y; Veravalli, Karunakar; Evans, D Alun

    2017-01-01

    Objective The aims of the current study were to determine whether pre-operative urinary tract infections in patients presenting acutely with neck of femur fractures resulted in a delay to surgery and whether such patients were at increased risk of developing post-operative surgical site infections. Design A retrospective review of all patients presenting with a neck of femur fracture, at a single centre over a one-year period. The hospital hip fracture database was used as the main source of ...

  3. Force modeling for incision surgery into tissue with haptic application

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Pyunghwa; Kim, Soomin; Choi, Seung-Hyun; Oh, Jong-Seok; Choi, Seung-Bok

    2015-04-01

    This paper presents a novel force modeling for an incision surgery into tissue and its haptic application for a surgeon. During the robot-assisted incision surgery, it is highly urgent to develop the haptic system for realizing sense of touch in the surgical area because surgeons cannot sense sensations. To achieve this goal, the force modeling related to reaction force of biological tissue is proposed in the perspective on energy. The force model describes reaction force focused on the elastic feature of tissue during the incision surgery. Furthermore, the force is realized using calculated information from the model by haptic device using magnetorheological fluid (MRF). The performance of realized force that is controlled by PID controller with open loop control is evaluated.

  4. Distal biceps tendon rupture reconstruction using muscle-splitting double-incision approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tarallo, Luigi; Mugnai, Raffaele; Zambianchi, Francesco; Adani, Roberto; Catani, Fabio

    2014-08-16

    To evaluate the clinical and functional results after repair of distal biceps tendon tears, following the Morrey's modified double-incision approach. We retrospectively reviewed 47 patients with distal rupture of biceps brachii treated between 2003 and 2012 in our Orthopedic Department with muscle-splitting double-incision technique. Outcome measures included the Mayo elbow performance, the DASH questionnaire, patient's satisfaction, elbow and forearm motion, grip strength and complications occurrence. At an average 18 mo follow-up (range, 7 mo-10 years) the average Mayo elbow performance and DASH score were respectively 97.2 and 4.8. The elbow flexion range was 94%, extension was -2°, supination was 93% and pronation 96% compared with the uninjured limb. The mean grip strength, expressed as percentage of respective contralateral limb, was 83%. The average patient satisfaction rating on a Likert scale (from 0 to 10) was 9.4. The following complications were observed: 3 cases of heterotopic ossification (6.4%), one (2.1%) re-rupture of the tendon at the site of reattachment and 2 cases (4.3%) of posterior interosseous nerve palsy. No complication required further surgical treatment. This technique allows an anatomic reattachment of distal biceps tendon at the radial tuberosity providing full functional recovery with low complication rate.

  5. Modified minimally invasive two-incision total hip arthroplasty using large diameter femoral head

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kyung Soon Park

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Minimally invasive (MI total hip arthroplasty (THA is an alternative to standard THA, but has created much controversy among orthopedic surgeons. The authors modified the original minimally invasive two-incision THA technique and used large-diameter (32 mm, 36 mm ceramic-on-ceramic articulation. Materials and Methods: One hundred and seventy patients that underwent unilateral MI two-incision THA were retrospectively reviewed, and surgical morbidity, functional recovery, radiological properties, and complications were assessed. Results: Mean Harris hip score (HHS improved from 41.8 to 96.1 at last followup, and mean Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC score from 66.2 to 26.9. The mean lateral opening angle of the acetabular component was 38.2° and the mean stem position was valgus 1.9°. There was an intraoperative femur fracture and one revision surgery due to stem subsidence. No patient had dislocation. Conclusions: Our data suggest that this modified technique combined with large ceramic femoral head is safe and reproducible in terms of achieving proper implant positioning and early functional recovery.

  6. Multidetector-Row Computed Tomographic Angiography Findings of Musculoskeletal Tumors: Retrospective Analysis and Correlation with Surgical Findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Argin, M.; Isayev, H.; Arkun, R. (Dept. of Radiology, Ege Univ. School of Medicine, Izmir (Turkey)). e-mail. margin35@yahoo.com); Kececi, B.; Sabah, D. (Dept. of Orthopedic Surgery, Ege Univ. School of Medicine, Izmir (Turkey))

    2009-12-15

    Background: Although magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a valuable method in staging musculoskeletal tumors, it may not give enough information on the association between the tumor and the main vascular structures adjacent to the tumor. In this respect, computed tomographic angiography (CTA) may be a useful alternative imaging technique. Purpose: To evaluate the effectiveness of CTA in determining vascular invasion in patients with musculoskeletal tumors and suspected vascular invasion by MRI, and to correlate the CTA findings with the surgical findings. Material and Methods: Twenty patients who had musculoskeletal tumors and lacked a fat plane between the tumor and adjacent vessels by MRI were included in this study. All patients were evaluated with CTA, and the CTA findings were reviewed by two radiologists to determine the presence of vascular invasion. Statistical analysis was carried out by using surgical findings as the gold standard. Results: There were nine women and 11 men (mean age 31 years) with either bone (n=9) or soft-tissue (n=11) tumors. Twelve patients without invasion according to the CTA examination were also surgically negative (true-negative cases). Of the eight patients with invasion shown by CTA, only three had adhesions and were considered surgically negative (false-positive cases). Five had invasions proven by surgery and were considered surgically positive (true-positive cases). Compared to the surgical findings, CTA had 100% sensitivity, 80% specificity, 62.5% positive predictive value, 100% negative predictive value, and 80% accuracy. Conclusion: CTA is a more accurate imaging technique than MRI in evaluating vascular invasion of musculoskeletal tumors, and provides valuable preoperative data

  7. First Canadian experience with robotic single-incision pyeloplasty: Comparison with multi-incision technique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Law, Jeffrey; Rowe, Neal; Archambault, Jason; Nastis, Sofia; Sener, Alp; Luke, Patrick P

    2016-01-01

    We compared the outcomes of single-incision, robot-assisted laparoscopic pyeloplasty vs. multiple-incision pyeloplasty using the da Vinci robotic system. We reviewed all consecutive robotic pyeloplasties by a single surgeon from January 2011 to August 2015. A total of 30 procedures were performed (16 single:14 multi-port). Two different single-port devices were compared: the GelPort (Applied Medical, Rancho Santa Margarita, CA) and the Intuitive single-site access port (Intuitive Surgical, Sunnyvale, CA). Patient demographics were similar between the two groups. Mean operating time was similar among the single and multi-port groups (225.2 min vs. 198.9 minutes [p=0.33]). There was no significant difference in length of hospital stay in either group (86.2 hr vs. 93.2 hr [p=0.76]). There was no difference in success rates or postoperative complications among groups. Single-port robotic pyeloplasty is non-inferior to multiple-incision robotic surgery in terms of operative times, hospitalization time, success rates, and complications. Verifying these results with larger cohorts is required prior to the wide adoption of this technique. Ongoing objective measurements of cosmesis and patient satisfaction are being evaluated.

  8. Review of various liver retraction techniques in single incision laparoscopic surgery for the exposure of hiatus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Praveenraj Palanivelu

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The main aspect of concern for upper GI procedures has been the retraction of the liver especially large left lobes as commonly encountered in Bariatric surgery. Not doing so would compromise the view of the hiatus, hence theoretically reducing the quality of the surgery and increasing the possibility of complications. The aim of this study was to review the various liver retraction techniques in single incision surgery being done at our institute and analyze them. Material and Methods: A retrospective study of the various techniques and a subsequent analysis was made based on advantages and disadvantages of each method. Objectively a quantitative measure of hiatal exposure was done using a scoring system based on the grade of exposure after reviewing the surgical videos. From January 2011 to January 2013 total 104 patients underwent single incision surgery with the various liver retraction techniques with following grades of exposure -liver suspension tube technique with naso gastric tubing (2.11 and with corrugated drain (2.09 needlescopic method (1.2, Umbilical tape sling (1.95, crural stitch method (2.5. Needeloscopic method has the best grade of exposure and is the easiest to start with. The average time to create the liver retraction was 2.8 to 8.6 min.There was no procedure related morbidity or mortality. Conclusions: The mentioned liver retraction techniques are cost effective and easy to learn. We recommend using these techniques to have a good exposure of hiatus, without compromising the safety of surgery in single incision surgery.

  9. Effects of two different incision phacoemulsification on corneal astigmatism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lu Huo

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available AIM:To compare the effect of different incision in corneal astigmatism after phacoemulsification. METHODS: Totally 88 cases(122 eyeswith pure cataract were randomly divided into two groups. Forty cases(60 eyeswere clarity corneal incision in group A, and 48 cases(62 eyeswere sclera tunnel incision in group B. Mean corneal astigmatism, surgically induced astigmatism(SIA, uncorrected visual acuity(UCVAand best correct vision acuity(BCVAwere observed in pre- and post-operation at 1d; 1wk; 1mo.RESULTS: The mean astigmatism had statistically significant difference between two groups at 1d; 1wk; 1mo after operation(PPP>0.05. UCVA≥0.5 and BCVA≥0.8 had statistically significant difference at 1d; 1wk(PP>0.05.CONCLUSION: Phacoemulsification with scleral tunnel incision remove combined intraocular lens(IOLimplantation has small changes to corneal astigmatism. By selecting personalized corneal incision according to the corneal topography might be more beneficial.

  10. Retrospective analysis of 27 cases of bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw treated surgically or nonsurgically

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shin-Yu Lu

    2014-06-01

    Conclusion: Our study demonstrates a high success rate of conservative and surgical treatment of BRONJ. This is the first reported use of GBR to successfully treat oral BPh-related osteonecrosis of the jaw. Irrigation with antimicrobial rinses may result in pain reduction, and regression or even resolution of BRONJ.

  11. Hand infections: a retrospective analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tolga Türker

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Purpose. Hand infections are common, usually resulting from an untreated injury. In this retrospective study, we report on hand infection cases needing surgical drainage in order to assess patient demographics, causation of infection, clinical course, and clinical management.Methods. Medical records of patients presenting with hand infections, excluding post-surgical infections, treated with incision and debridement over a one-year period were reviewed. Patient demographics; past medical history; infection site(s and causation; intervals between onset of infection, hospital admission, surgical intervention and days of hospitalization; gram stains and cultures; choice of antibiotics; complications; and outcomes were reviewed.Results. Most infections were caused by laceration and the most common site of infection was the palm or dorsum of the hand. Mean length of hospitalization was 6 days. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, beta-hemolytic Streptococcus and methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus were the most commonly cultured microorganisms. Cephalosporins, clindamycin, amoxicillin/clavulanate, penicillin, vancomycin, and trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole were major antibiotic choices. Amputations and contracture were the primary complications.Conclusions. Surgery along with medical management were key to treatment and most soft tissue infections resolved without further complications. With prompt and appropriate care, most hand infection patients can achieve full resolution of their infection.

  12. Surgical treatment of choanal atresia with transnasal endoscopic approach with stentless single side-hinged flap technique: 5 year retrospective analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmelo Saraniti

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction: Choanal atresia is a rare congenital malformation of the nasal cavity characterized by the complete obliteration of the posterior choanae. In 67% of cases choanal atresia is unilateral, affecting mainly (71% the right nasal cavity. In contrast to the unilateral form, bilateral choanal atresia is a life-threatening condition often associated with respiratory distress with feeding and intermittent cyanosis exacerbated by crying. Surgical treatment remains the only therapeutic option. Objective: To report our experience in the use of a transnasal endoscopic approach with stentless single side-hinged flap technique for the surgical management of choanal atresia. Methods: A 5 year retrospective analysis of surgical outcomes of 18 patients treated for choanal atresia with a transnasal technique employing a single side-hinged flap without stent placement. All subjects were assessed preoperatively with a nasal endoscopy and a Maxillofacial computed tomography scan. Results: Ten males and eight females with a mean age at the time of surgery of 20.05 ± 11.32 years, underwent surgery for choanal atresia. Fifteen subjects (83.33% had a bony while 3 (26.77% a mixed bony-membranous atretic plate. Two and sixteen cases suffered from bilateral and unilateral choanal atresia respectively. No intra- and/or early postoperative complications were observed. Between 2 and 3 months after surgery two cases (11.11% of partial restenosis were found. Only one of these presented a relapse of the nasal obstruction and was subsequently successfully repaired with a second endoscopic procedure. Conclusion: The surgical technique described follows the basic requirements of corrective surgery and allows good visualization, evaluation and treatment of the atretic plate and the posterior third of the septum, in order to create the new choanal opening. We believe that the use of a stent is not necessary, as recommended in case of other surgical techniques

  13. DOES CONJUNCTIVAL INCISION INFLUENCE MEDIAL RECTUS MUSCLE RECESSIONS?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Galina G. Dimitrova

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: To evaluate the role of conjunctival incision in medial rectus muscle recessions as surgical treatment of choice in esotropia. Methods: The study included 200 patients (370 eyes, operated on for esotropia in the period of 2000-2014. 170 of them (340 eyes underwent bilateral medial rectus muscle recessions and 30- unilateral medial rectus muscle recession for various forms of alternating/alternated esotropia. We compared the effect (Δ/mm recession of fornix and limbal approach. Diagnostic, surgical and statistical methods were used. Results: Limbal incision was performed on 110 patients (55,3% and fornix approach was done in 89 cases (44,7%. The mean effect corrected prism diopters for each mm of recession (Δ/mm differed significantly in the two groups, being bigger in cases with fornix incision (p<0,001 . Conclusion: The type of conjunctival incision in medial rectus muscle recessions have an influence not only on the cosmetic appearance, but also on the functional result. This is especially true for large recessions.

  14. Safety of cesarean delivery through placental incision in patients with anterior placenta previa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hong, Deok-Ho; Kim, Eugene; Kyeong, Kyu-Sang; Hong, Seung Hwa; Jeong, Eun-Hwan

    2016-03-01

    To demonstrate the safety of fetal delivery through placental incision in a placenta previa pregnancy. We examined the medical records of 80 women with singleton pregnancy diagnosed with placenta previa who underwent cesarean section between May 2010 and May 2015 at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Chungbuk National University Hospital. Among the women with placenta previa, those who did not have the placenta in the uterine incision site gave birth via conventional uterine incision, while those with anterior placenta previa or had placenta attached to the uterine incision site gave birth via uterine incision plus placental incision. We compared the postoperative hemoglobin level and duration of hospital stay for the mother and newborn of the two groups. There was no difference between the placental incision group and non-incision group in terms of preoperative and postoperative hemoglobin change, the amount of blood transfusions required by the mother, newborns with 1-min or 5-min Apgar scores below 7 points or showing signs of acidosis on umbilical cord blood gas analysis result of pH below 7.20. Moreover, neonatal hemoglobin levels did not differ between the two groups. Fetal delivery through placental incision during cesarean section for placenta previa pregnancy does not negatively influence the prognosis of the mother or the newborn, and therefore, is considered a safe surgical technique.

  15. Differential medical and surgical house staff involvement in end-of-life decisions: A retrospective chart review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelley, Amy S; Gold, Heather T; Roach, Keith W; Fins, Joseph J

    2006-08-01

    To quantify the house officer's role in end-of-life decisions, the authors abstracted charts for documentation of end-of-life discussions for 100 patients withdrawn from life-sustaining treatment. They assessed the proportion of end-of-life care notes written by house officers, controlling for service, length of stay, outpatient physician involvement, race, and diagnostic category. Patients on the medical service were 22 times more likely to have house officer end-of-life notes than patients on the surgical service (P house officer (P House officers on the medical service wrote a significantly greater proportion of notes regarding withdrawal of care than surgical house officers (41% vs. 10%, P house officers in primary end-of-life discussions with a complex patient population undergoing withdrawal of life-sustaining therapy. Team structure and professional culture may account for some of the observed differences between the medical and surgical services. These findings have significant implications for the education of house officers on end-of-life communication.

  16. Vertebral column decancellation in Pott's deformity: use of Surgimap Spine for preoperative surgical planning, retrospective review of 18 patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Wenhao; Zhang, Xuesong; Yu, Jiayi; Hu, Fanqi; Zhang, Hao; Wang, Yan

    2018-01-15

    In the late stage of Spinal tuberculosis, the bony destruction and vertebral collapse often leads to significant kyphosis, presenting clinically as a painful gibbus deformity, with increased instability, vertebral body translations and increased risk of neurologic involvement. Vertebral column decancellation is thought to be suitable for most patients with severe rigid kyphosis. Surgimap Spine, could offer a pragmatic graphical method for the surgical planning of osteotomies. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of Vertebral column decancellation planned preoperatively with the computer software-assistance in the patients with Pott's kyphosis. Between May 2012 and May 2015, 18 patients with Pott's kyphosis underwent the Vertebral column decancellation using Surgimap Spine for preoperative surgical planning. Preoperative and postoperative Konstam's angle, sagittal vertical angle, lumbar lordosis, thoracic kyphosis, pelvic tilt and pelvic incidence were measured. Visual analog scale and American Spinal Injury Association were documented. The Konstam's angles decreased from 88.1° (range, 70-105°) preoperatively to 18.5° (range, 7-31°) (P column decancellation is an effective treatment option for severe Pott's kyphosis. The surgical planning software Surgimap Spine can be a reliable and helpful tool that provides a simplified method to evaluate and analyze the spino-pelvic parameters and simulate the osteotomy procedure. According to individual character, the appropriate surgery strategy should be selected.

  17. Novel surgical approach for axillary hidradenitis suppurativa using a bilayer dermal regeneration template: a retrospective case study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonzaga, Teresa A; Endorf, Frederick W; Mohr, William J; Ahrenholz, David H

    2013-01-01

    Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a chronic debilitating disease of apocrine gland-bearing skin characterized by recurrent abscesses with subsequent rupture, scarring, and draining sinus tracts, most frequently affecting the axillary, inguinal, and anogenital regions. Conservative and temporizing treatment methods have been used to treat mild to moderate disease, but wide local excision of affected tissue is necessary for advanced disease. This creates a large soft tissue defect for which there is no consensus for reconstruction. Recovery is hampered by disease recurrence, tissue necrosis, and reoperation. The authors have described in this case study an alternative surgical approach to treat severe HS. All surgical procedures were performed by dedicated burn surgeons at a regional burn center using a two-stage surgical approach. The first stage is a wide local excision of all affected axillary tissue with immediate placement of a bilayer dermal regeneration template to cover the defect. This is secured with a negative pressure wound therapy dressing. The second stage uses a thin split thickness skin graft to close the wound. Results of four patients are presented. There were no recurrences of HS. Two patients required reoperations to address granulation tissue overgrowth and small areas of autograft loss. One patient experienced skin substitute loss as a result of infection. Inadequate excision of HS is the leading cause of disease recurrence. Using a bilayer dermal regeneration template with subsequent skin graft, surgeons can be aggressive in their excision of HS, achieving satisfactory functional and cosmetic results and minimizing axillary recurrence.

  18. A retrospective comparison of surgical removal and subsequent CO2 laser ablation versus topical administration of mitomycin C as therapy for equine corneolimbal squamous cell carcinoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clode, Alison B; Miller, Chelsey; McMullen, Richard J; Gilger, Brian C

    2012-07-01

      To compare the complications and nonrecurrence rate following topical mitomycin C (MMC) therapy vs. CO(2) laser ablation for treating equine corneolimbal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC).   Retrospective study.   Twenty-five horses with corneolimbal SCC.   Medical records of horses undergoing surgical tumor resection followed by either topical MMC therapy (0.04%) or CO(2) laser ablation between the years of 2004 and 2010 were reviewed. Recurrence and complications were compared between groups and within MMC subgroups defined by the time at which treatment was initiated relative to surgery.   Therapy with topical MMC resulted in a nonrecurrence rate comparable to that achieved with CO(2) laser ablation (82.4% vs. 85.7%, respectively). Initiation of MMC following epithelialization of the surgical site a mean of 15 days postoperatively did not result in increased recurrence rates relative to treatment in the immediate postoperative period. Vision- or globe-threatening complications tended to occur with greater frequency in horses receiving topical MMC in the immediate postoperative period (5 of 6 major complications) relative to following epithelialization of the surgical site (1 of 6 major complications).   Horses receiving adjunctive topical MMC therapy were no more likely to experience tumor recurrence than were horses undergoing CO(2) laser ablation in the horses in this study. Initiation of two to three rounds of MMC following epithelialization of the surgical site results in fewer major complications and achieves comparable disease resolution relative to treatment in the immediate postoperative period. © 2011 American College of Veterinary Ophthalmologists.

  19. Retrospective case-control study of surgical treatment of stage IB-IIA cervical carcinomas after neoadjuvant radiotherapy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cigriejiene, V. M.; Kajenas, S.; Balnys, M.; Mikuckaite, L.

    2004-01-01

    To evaluate if preoperative radiotherapy influences course of operation (radical hysterectomy and lymphadenectomy) and postoperative period in series of stage IB-IIA cervical carcinomas. Retrospective comparative study was performed. During the study we analyzed 101 case histories of patients who underwent radical type II hysterectomy with lymphadenectomy in Kaunas University of Medicine Hospital and Kaunas Hospital of Oncology between 1995 and 2002. Mean operation time was shorter, hemoglobin and hematocrit values after operation were better, stay in hospital was longer, demand for narcotic analgetics was bigger, function of ovaries was maintained more rarely (p 0.05). In our study, preoperative radiotherapy did not seem to complicate course of radical hysterectomy. (author)

  20. Elective gastropexy with a reusable single-incision laparoscopic surgery port in dogs: 14 cases (2012-2013).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stiles, Mandy; Case, J Brad; Coisman, James

    2016-08-01

    OBJECTIVE To describe the technique, clinical findings, and short-term outcome in dogs undergoing laparoscopic-assisted incisional gastropexy with a reusable single-incision surgery port. DESIGN Retrospective case series. ANIMALS 14 client-owned dogs. PROCEDURES Medical records of dogs referred for elective laparoscopic gastropexy between June 2012 and August 2013 were reviewed. History, signalment, results of physical examination and preoperative laboratory testing, surgical procedure, duration of surgery, postoperative complications, duration of hospital stay, and short-term outcome were recorded. All patients underwent general anesthesia and were positioned in dorsal recumbency. After an initial limited laparoscopic exploration, single-incision laparoscopic-assisted gastropexy was performed extracorporeally in all dogs via a conical port placed in a right paramedian location. Concurrent procedures included laparoscopic ovariectomy (n = 4), gastric biopsy (2), and castration (7). Short-term outcome was evaluated. RESULTS Median duration of surgery was 76 minutes (range, 40 to 90 minutes). Intraoperative complications were minor and consisted of loss of pneumoperitoneum in 2 of 14 dogs. A postoperative surgical site infection occurred in 1 dog and resolved with standard treatment. Median duration of follow-up was 371 days (range, 2 weeks to 1.5 years). No dogs developed gastric dilation-volvulus during the follow-up period, and all owners were satisfied with the outcome. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE Results suggested that single-incision laparoscopic-assisted gastropexy with a reusable conical port was feasible and effective in appropriately selected cases. Investigation of the potential benefits of this reusable port versus single-use devices for elective gastropexy in dogs is warranted.

  1. Blepharoptosis repair through the small orbital septum incision and minimal dissection technique in patients with coexisting dermatochalasis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jung, Younhea; La, Tae Yoon

    2013-02-01

    To describe a modified surgical technique for blepharoptosis repair through a small orbital septum incision and minimal dissection, along with the results obtained in patients with coexisting dermatochalasis. A retrospective chart review included 33 patients (52 eyelids) with blepharoptosis coexisting with dermatochalasis, surgically corrected through a small orbital septum incision and minimal dissection after redundant upper lid skin excision, by placing a single fixation suture between the levator aponeurosis and the tarsal plate. Outcome measures included the pre- and postoperative marginal reflex distances (MRD1), eyelid contour, post-operative complications, and need for reoperation. The pre- and postoperative MRD1 averaged 1.1 ± 0.8 mm and 2.8 ± 1.1 mm, respectively. Of the 33 patients, 9 patients (9 eyelids) underwent surgery on one eyelid for unilateral blepharoptosis and dermatochalasis (Group I), 5 patients (5 eyelids) underwent a simple skin excision blepharoplasty of the contralateral eyelid (Group II), and 19 patients (38 eyelids) underwent bilateral blepharoptosis and dermatochalasis repair (Group III). Of the 14 eyelids that underwent unilateral ptosis repair (Groups I and II), 12 eyelids (85.7%) showed less than a 1-mm difference from the contralateral eyelid. Of the 38 eyelids that underwent bilateral ptosis repair (Group III), 27 eyelids (71.1%), 5 eyelids (13.1%), and 6 eyelids (15.8%) had excellent, good, and poor outcomes, respectively. Overall, 44 eyelids (84.6%) out of a total of 52 eyelids had successful outcomes; the remaining 8 eyelids demonstrated unsatisfactory eyelid contour was corrected by an additional surgery. Blepharoptosis repair through a small orbital septum incision and minimal dissection can be considered an efficient technique in patients with ptosis and dermatochalasis.

  2. Early clinical outcomes after small incision lenticule extraction surgery (SMILE).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Recchioni, Alberto; Hartwig, Andreas; Dermott, Jay; Vaswani, Sundeep; Bhatt, Jay; Morris, Robert; O'Donnell, Clare

    2018-02-01

    Dry eye is known to impact on clinical outcomes after laser vision correction and the use of a newer 'all femtosecond laser' surgical approach may be associated with less impact on the ocular surface post-operatively. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the early clinical outcomes and tear instability after the first small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) cases undertaken by three surgeons at a single site in the UK. Retrospective audit. Seventy-one eyes of 37 patients underwent SMILE surgery using the Zeiss VisuMax laser system (Carl Zeiss Meditec, Germany). Uncorrected and corrected distance visual acuity, spherical equivalent refraction, fluorescein enhanced tear break up time, simulated keratometry and complications were evaluated pre- and post-operatively where applicable. The study population consisted of 21 males and 16 females. The mean±standard deviation age was 33±8years. The results showed that 100% of eyes achieved 20/40 or better and 88% achieved 20/20 or better uncorrected distance visual acuity. The spherical equivalent refraction after surgery was within ±0.50D in 82% of eyes at three months. There was no significant difference in tear break up time from pre-operative levels at three months. Complications were infrequent. This early data from surgeons' first SMILE procedures suggest SMILE provides good outcomes in terms of refractive predictability and visual acuity with minimal impact on the tear film. Longitudinal research will further improve our understanding of the longer-term impact of SMILE on clinical outcomes, ocular surface metrics and patient reported outcomes. Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  3. Comparative study on three surgical techniques for intra-articular calcaneal fractures: open reduction with internal fixation using a plate, external fixation and minimally invasive surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Missa Takasaka

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE: To evaluate, compare and identify the surgical technique with best results for treating intra-articular calcaneal fractures, taking into account postoperative outcomes, complications and scoring in the Aofas questionnaire. METHODS: This was a retrospective study on 54 patients with fractures of the calcaneus who underwent surgery between 2002 and 2012 by means of the following techniques: (1 open reduction with extended L-shaped lateral incision and fixation with double-H plate of 3.5 mm; (2 open reduction with minimal incision lateral approach and percutaneous fixation with wires and screws; and (3 open reduction with minimal incision lateral approach and fixation with adjustable monoplanar external fixator. RESULTS: Patients treated using a lateral approach, with fixation using a plate had a mean Aofas score of 76 points; those treated through a minimal incision lateral approach with screw and wire fixation had a mean score of 71 points; and those treated through a minimal incision lateral approach with an external fixator had a mean score of 75 points. The three surgical techniques were shown to be effective for treating intra-articular calcaneal fractures, without any evidence that any of the techniques being superior. CONCLUSION: Intra-articular calcaneal fractures are complex and their treatment should be individualized based on patient characteristics, type of fracture and the surgeon's experience with the surgical technique chosen.

  4. Surgical repair of central slip avulsion injuries with Mitek bone anchor--retrospective analysis of a case series.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Chan, Jeffrey C Y

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to describe our technique of central slip repair using the Mitek bone anchor and to evaluate the treatment outcome. Eight digits in eight patients were reconstructed using the bone anchor: three little fingers, two middle fingers, two index fingers and one ring finger. There were two immediate and six delayed repairs (range from one day to eight months). Four patients had pre-operative intensive splinting and physiotherapy to restore passive extension of the proximal interphalangeal joint prior to central slip reconstruction. All patients have made good progress since surgery. No patient requires a second procedure and none of the bone anchors have dislodged or loosened. We conclude that the Mitek bone anchor is a reliable technique to achieve soft tissue to bone fixation in central slip avulsion injuries. We recommend that this technique be considered as a treatment option for patients requiring surgical repair.

  5. Techniques for creating inconspicuous face-lift scars: avoiding visible incisions and loss of temporal hair.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kridel, Russell W H; Liu, Edmund S

    2003-01-01

    Patients seeking rhytidectomy desire an improved neckline, jawline, and midface, but rarely at the price of signs that betray a face-lift, namely, visible incisions. We describe our face-lift incisional planning and the rationale behind specific surgical maneuvers for preventing unwanted sequelae. The telltale signs of poorly placed incisions include temporal hair loss, conspicuous scars, an unnatural appearance to the tragus, and a posterior hairline distorsion. Special considerations are given to the male patient and to the salvage of readily visible incision lines from previous surgery.

  6. Single-incision laparoscopic surgery for pyloric stenosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kozlov, Yury; Novogilov, Vladimir; Podkamenev, Alexey; Rasputin, Andrey; Weber, Irina; Solovjev, Alexey; Yurkov, Pavel

    2012-04-01

    Laparoscopy is the most common procedure for correction of congenital pyloric stenosis. The standard laparoscopic approach is based on the three-port technique. In contrast to the standard laparoscopic technique, the single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) requires only one incision. We report on our experience with this surgical approach. Between September 2009 and August 2010 a total of 24 children underwent a laparoscopic pyloromyotomy, 12 in SILS technique. The single incision was carried through the center of the umbilicus. The working instruments were introduced in a two-dimensional direction into the peritoneal cavity via the same umbilical incision. The two groups were compared for patients' demographics, operative report and early postoperative outcomes. All SILS procedures were performed successfully with no conversion rate. There were no differences in the preoperative parameters between the two groups regarding age before surgery and body weight at operation. Operative time and time of full enteral intake was similar to comparable procedures with usage of a standard laparoscopic approach. There were no operative or postoperative complications. The early experience described in this study confirms that SILS can be applied for treatment of pyloric stenosis with outcomes similar to the standard laparoscopic surgery.

  7. Autotransplantation and surgical uprighting of impacted or retained teeth: A retrospective clinical study and evaluation of patient satisfaction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huth, Karin Christine; Nazet, Marco; Paschos, Ekaterini; Linsenmann, Robert; Hickel, Reinhard; Nolte, Dirk

    2013-11-01

    This retrospective clinical study aimed to determine the success rate of autotransplanted impacted or retained teeth along with a patient satisfaction survey and to analyze the influence of relevant clinical and radiographic parameters. Fifty-seven teeth (37 canines, 10 molars, seven premolars, three incisors) in 45 patients (median 15 years) were evaluated over a mean of 1.6 years. The success criteria were pocket probing depth ≤3.5 mm, mobility grade ≤ II, Periotest ≤30 and complete alveolar bone healing. The influencing parameters were oral hygiene, smoking, periodontal screening index, occlusal/proximal contacts, horizontal position, dental age, pulp obliteration and degree of displacement. Furthermore, bone height was measured. The overall success rate was 74%, along with a high patient satisfaction. The survival rate was 96% after a mean follow-up of 1.6 years. The favorable factors were proper oral hygiene, non-smoking, good general periodontal condition, proximal contacts and pulp obliteration. An increase in or maintenance of bone level was found in 96%. Autotransplantation of impacted or retained teeth is an appropriate treatment, if orthodontic alignment has failed, especially in growing patients.

  8. IATROGENIC HALLUX VARUS: CAUSES OF DEFORMITY AND POSSIBILITIES OF PERCUTANEOUS SURGICAL CORRECTION (RETROSPECTIVE ANALYSIS OF CASE REPORTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Yu. Berezhnoy

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Hallux varus is a relatively rare foot deformity. Commonly, hallux varus is a complication after the hallux valgus surgery and typically is the result of the first metatarsal medial eminence over resection, first and second metatarsal excessive convergence, over release of the lateral soft tissues, overtightening of the medial soft tissues and soft tissue imbalance of the first metatarsophalangeal joint.The purpose of this study was to clarify the causes and timing of the iatrogenic hallux varus formation and to evaluate the possibility and efficiency of percutaneous techniques in its surgical treatment.Material and methods. Thirty-one feet (31 females suffering from iatrogenic hallux varus were examined clinically and radiologically, including 14 patients who underwent surgery. The average age of the whole group was 57 years (range, 39 to 74, the subgroup of operated patients — 60 years (range from 53 to 68. The time after primary interventions before the examination varied from 2 to 44 years. The mean follow-up after surgery was 6 months (range from 1.5 to 54.Results. No infection or wound-healing issues were observed. Overall, the patients were completely satisfied with the outcomes of 12 surgeries and satisfied with reservation in 2 cases.Conclusions. The visual manifestations of hallux varus are determined not only by the hallux varus angle, but also by the value of the first intermetatarsal angle. In addition to well-known factors, hallux varus formation is determined by first metatarsal bone elongation and first metatarsophalangeal joint instability. In rare cases, only one of the factors leads to the hallux varus; as a rule, we see a combination of factors with their mutual reinforcement. Despite the demonstration of usage possibility and the efficiency of percutaneous techniques in hallux varus correcting, a small number of observations in the study does not yet allow giving recommendations on the use of specific

  9. Comparison of two surgical techniques in large incisional hernias

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    Mustafa Sit

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: Incisional hernias occur from incisions of previous abdominal operations. It is an often complication of abdominal interventions. Prevalence of incisional hernias is approximately 2.9% and 3.6% in vertical midline incisions and transverse incisions, respectively. Incisional hernias cause morbidity and loss of manpower. The only treatment option is surgery. We aimed to compare surgical methods of incisional hernias and discuss the postoperative data in this retrospective report. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the data of 54 patients with large incisional hernias operated between 2007 and 2011. Results: We compared age, chronic diseases (e.g. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, diabetes mellitus,which may cause postoperative recurrence, gender, personal factors, such as patients undergoing incisional hernia repair mesh over solid fascia less or over than 5 cm with the placement of decolation; recurrence, the development of postoperative seroma, receiving postoperative drainage and postoperative length of hospital stay were compared. While the recurrence rate of less than 5 cm above the decolation; seroma development, no significant difference in length of hospital stay and drain times to get. Conclusion: In conclusion, we think that recurrence rate should be reduced by dissection of 5 cm intact fascia and grafting in incisional hernias of anterior abdominal wall. J Clin Exp Invest 2014; 5 (1: 36-39

  10. A retrospective study of deep sedation with concomitant administration of sedative agents in children undergoing surgical removal of a mesiodens.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Soo Jeong; Baek, Kwangwoo

    2015-12-01

    Pediatric dentists face challenges when young patients require a mesiodens extraction. General anesthesia may be a burden to the child as well as the parent due to dental fears and costs. The aim of this study was to evaluate oral and intravenous sedation in the outpatient setting as a safe and effective means of managing patients who require a mesiodens extraction. Records were reviewed retrospectively to find patients who underwent a mesiodens removal procedure from January 2013 to September 2014 in the Department of Pediatric Dentistry at Ajou University Hospital (Suwon, Gyeonggi-do, Republic of Korea). A total of 81 patients (62 male and 19 female) between 4 and 11 years of age (mean [± SD] 81.6 ± 14.1 months) were studied, with a mean weight of 22.9 ± 3.3 kg (16 kg to 30 kg). Vital signs, sedation drug dosage, and sedation time were studied. Mean doses of 63.7 ± 2.5 mg/kg chloral hydrate and 1.36 ± 0.22 mg/kg hydroxyzine were used for oral sedation. Nitrous oxide/oxygen was administrated for 40.0 ± 2.1 min. The mean dose of midazolam administered intravenously was 0.14 ± 0.06 mg/kg (2.38 ± 0.97 times). In all cases, the mesiodens was removed successfully. Intravenous sedation combined with oral sedation and nitrous oxide/oxygen inhalation can be an alternative to general anesthesia when administrated and monitored properly.

  11. Three versus four radial keratotomy incisions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Melles, G R; Go, A T; Beekhuis, W H; van Rij, G; Binder, P S

    1992-01-01

    Radial keratotomy (RK) is currently performed with four or eight semi-radial incisions. To evaluate the effect of a theoretically more stable three-incision RK pattern, centripetal incisions were made in 16 human donor eyes (eight pairs), using a double-edged diamond blade set to 90% of central pachymetry and a 3.5 mm optical clear zone. Intraocular pressure was maintained at 15 mm Hg during surgery and while keratometry readings were made. One randomly selected eye of each pair had three radial incisions made at 12, 4 and 8 o'clock; the other eye had four radial incisions at 12, 3, 6, and 9 o'clock. Corneal flattening was 6.08 diopters (D) with four incisions and 4.84 D with three incisions (P less than .05). Astigmatism increased 0.44 D and 0.69 D, respectively (P greater than .1). Histologically measured mean incision depth (77.4%) did not differ significantly between the groups (P greater than .1). This study shows that 80% of the effect of a four-incision RK pattern can be obtained with a theoretically more stable three-incision pattern.

  12. Assessment of Location and Anatomical Characteristics of Mental Foramen, Anterior Loop and Mandibular Incisive Canal Using Cone Beam Computed Tomography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehrdad Panjnoush

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate the location and characteristics of mental foramen, anterior loop and mandibular incisive canal using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT.Materials and Methods: This retrospective cross-sectional study evaluated 200 mandibular CBCT scans for the location of mental foramen, anterior loop prevalence and mandibular incisive canal visibility, its mean length and distance to buccal and lingual plates and inferior border of the mandible. The effect of age and gender on these variables was also analyzed (P<0.05.Results: Anterior loop and mandibular incisive canal were seen in 59.5% and 97.5% of the cases, respectively. The mean length of the mandibular incisive canal was 10.48±4.53mm in the right and 10.40±4.52mm in the left side. The mean distance from the endpoints of the canal to buccal plate was 3.63±1.73mm in the right and 3.66±1.45mm in the left side. These distances were 3.89±1.53mm in the right and 4.13±1.48mm in the left side to lingual plate and 9.98±2.07mm in the right and 8.62±1.97mm in the left side to the inferior border of the mandible. The distance from the endpoints of the canal to lingual plate was significantly different in the right and left sides. The distance from the endpoint of the canal to the buccal plate and inferior border of the mandible was significantly shorter in females (P=0.016, and had a weak, significant correlation with age (rsp=0.215, P=0.003.Conclusions: Due to variability in mandibular incisive canal length and high prevalence of anterior loop, CBCT is recommended before surgical manipulation of interforaminal region.Keywords: Anatomic Landmarks; Cone-Beam Computed Tomography; Mandible; Mandibular Nerve

  13. Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors (GIST) of the Stomach: Retrospective Experience with Surgical Resection at the National Cancer Institute

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    NAGUIB, Sh.F.; ZAGHLOUL, A.S.; El MARAKBY, H.

    2008-01-01

    Gastric Gist's account for more than half of all gastrointestinal stromal tumors and represent less than 5% of all gastric tumors. The peak age for harboring Gist of the stomach is around 60 years and a slight male preponderance is reported. These tumors are identified by expression of CD117 or CD34 antigen. Symptoms at presentation usually include bleeding, ab¬dominal pain or abdominal mass. Endoscopically, they typically appear as a submucosal mass with or without ulceration and on CT scans an extra gastric mass is usually seen. Complete surgical resection provides the only chance for cure, with only l-2 cm free margins needed. However, local recurrence and/or metastases supervene in almost half the patients treated with surgery alone, even when no gross residual is left. Thereby imatinib mesylate was advocated as an adjuvant to surgery, which appears to have improved disease-free and overall survival. Aim of the Work: The aim of this work was to assess clinico-pathological features of gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) of the stomach and to appraise the results of treatment by surgery in patients treated at the National Cancer Institute (NCI) of Cairo between January 2002 and December 2007. Patients and Methods: Nineteen patients with histologically and immuno-histochemically proven GIST of the stomach were treated by surgery at the NCI during the 6-year study period. Preoperative assessment included detailed history, clinical examination, full laboratory tests, endoscopy, abdominal ultrasound and CT. General medical assessment included chest X-ray, ECG and echocardiography. Results: The patients' age ranged from 26 to 77 years with a median of 51 years. Obvious male/female preponderance was noticed (68.4% to 31.6%). Tumors were located at the upper 1/3 in 42.1%, at the middle 1/3 in 31.6% and at the lower 1/3 in 26.3%. The most common clinical presentation was related to bleeding (hematemesis, melena or anaemia) and was seen in 63.2%. No tumors were

  14. Surgical site infection and its associated factors following cesarean section: a cross sectional study from a public hospital in Ethiopia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gelaw, Kelemu Abebe; Aweke, Amlaku Mulat; Astawesegn, Feleke Hailemichael; Demissie, Birhanu Wondimeneh; Zeleke, Liknaw Bewket

    2017-01-01

    A cesarean section is a surgical procedure in which incisions are made through a woman's abdomen and uterus to deliver her baby. Surgical site infections are a common surgical complication among patients delivered with cesarean section. Further it caused to increase maternal morbidity, stay of hospital and the cost of treatment. Hospital based cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the magnitude of surgical site infection following cesarean Site Infections and its associated factors at Lemlem Karl hospital July 1, 2013 to June 30, 2016. Retrospective card review was done on 384 women who gave birth via cesarean section at Lemlem Karl hospital from July 1, 2013 to June 30, 2016. Systematic sampling technique was used to select patient medical cards. The data were entered by Epi info version 7.2 then analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences windows version 20. Both bivariate and multivariate logistic regression was done to test association between predictors and dependent variables. P value of cesarean section, the magnitude of surgical site infection following cesarean section Infection was 6.8%. The identified independent risk factors for surgical site infections were the duration of labor AOR=3.48; 95%CI (1.25, 9.68), rupture of membrane prior to cesarean section AOR=3.678; 95%CI (1.13, 11.96) and the abdominal midline incision (AOR=5.733; 95%CI (2.05, 16.00). The magnitude of surgical site infection following cesarean section is low compare to other previous studies. The independent associated factors for surgical site infection after cesarean section in this study: Membranes rupture prior to cesarean section, duration of labor and sub umbilical abdominal incision. In addition to ensuring sterile environment and aseptic surgeries, use of WHO surgical safety checklist would appear to be a very important intervention to reduce surgical site infections.

  15. Patient Survival Periods and Death Causes Following Surgical Treatment of Mammary Gland Tumours Depending on Histological Type of Tumour: Retrospective Study of 221 Cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jana Lorenzová

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This retrospective study evaluated a canine patient group operated on for mammary neoplasms (221 females. After surgical treatment, the animals were divided based on histological findings into groups and subgroups according to the WHO system. In the individual groups and subgroups the length of their survival following a mammary tumour surgery and death causes were followed. Of their total number, 164 tumours were malignant, 39 were benign and 18 were mammary hyperplasias. With regard to malignant tumours, invasive tubular carcinoma (20.81% was identified most frequently; fibroadenoma reached the highest occurrence (10.41% as regards benign tumours. The length of survival in females with malignant tumours ranged from 12 to 37.4 months, depending on histological subtypes. In females with benign mammary neoplasms the length of survival ranged from 39.1 to 59.3 months and in animals with hyperplasia it was 50.2 months. As a result of mammary tumour, 41 females (25% died in the malignant tumour group, none died in the benign tumour group and 2 females (11.1% died in the hyperplasia group. The survival periods in surgically treated patients with mammary tumours were shorter for solid and complex carcinomas, compared to patients affected with the remainder of the histological subtypes. The longest survival period following operation was recorded in the group suffering from adenoma. The least favourable illness prognosis for patients with mammary tumours in respect to linking the death cause to the mammary tumour was for those having invasive papillary carcinoma. The most favourable illness prognosis was for patients with benign tumours and non-invasive tubular carcinoma. A frequent death cause in females with mammary tumours was another illness unrelated to mammary tumours.

  16. Diagnostic accuracy of MRI in adults with suspect brachial plexus lesions: A multicentre retrospective study with surgical findings and clinical follow-up as reference standard

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tagliafico, Alberto, E-mail: alberto.tagliafico@unige.it [Institute of Anatomy, Department of Experimental Medicine, University of Genoa, Largo Rosanna Benzi 8, 16132 Genoa (Italy); Succio, Giulia; Serafini, Giovanni [Department of Radiology, Santa Corona Hospital, Pietra Ligure, Italy via XXV Aprile, 38- Pietra Ligure, 17027 Savona (Italy); Martinoli, Carlo [Radiology Department, DISC, Università di Genova, Largo Rosanna Benzi 8, 16138 Genova (Italy)

    2012-10-15

    Objective: To evaluate brachial plexus MRI accuracy with surgical findings and clinical follow-up as reference standard in a large multicentre study. Materials and methods: The research was approved by the Institutional Review Boards, and all patients provided their written informed consent. A multicentre retrospective trial that included three centres was performed between March 2006 and April 2011. A total of 157 patients (men/women: 81/76; age range, 18–84 years) were evaluated: surgical findings and clinical follow-up of at least 12 months were used as the reference standard. MR imaging was performed with different equipment at 1.5 T and 3.0 T. The patient group was divided in five subgroups: mass lesion, traumatic injury, entrapment syndromes, post-treatment evaluation, and other. Sensitivity, specificity with 95% confidence intervals (CIs), positive predictive value (PPV), pre-test-probability (the prevalence), negative predictive value (NPV), pre- and post-test odds (OR), likelihood ratio for positive results (LH+), likelihood ratio for negative results (LH−), accuracy and post-test probability (post-P) were reported on a per-patient basis. Results: The overall sensitivity and specificity with 95% CIs were: 0.810/0.914; (0.697–0.904). Overall PPV, pre-test probability, NPV, LH+, LH−, and accuracy: 0.823, 0.331, 0.905, 9.432, 0.210, 0.878. Conclusions: The overall diagnostic accuracy of brachial plexus MRI calculated on a per-patient base is relatively high. The specificity of brachial plexus MRI in patients suspected of having a space-occupying mass is very high. The sensitivity is also high, but there are false-positive interpretations as well.

  17. INCIDENCE, OUTCOME AND RISK FACTORS FOR SEPSIS--A TWO YEAR RETROSPECTIVE STUDY AT SURGICAL INTENSIVE CARE UNIT OF A TEACHING HOSPITAL IN PAKISTAN.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asghar, All; Hashmi, Madiha; Rashid, Saima; Khan, Fazal Hameed

    2016-01-01

    Sepsis is amongst the leading causes of admission to the intensive care units and is associated with a high mortality. However, data from developing countries is scares. Aim of conducting this study was to determine the incidence, outcome and risk factors for sepsis on admission to surgical intensive care unit (SICU) of a teaching hospital in Pakistan. Two year retrospective observational study included all consecutive adult admissions to the surgical intensive care unit (SICU) of a University Hospital, from January 2012 to December 2013. Two hundred and twenty-nine patients met the inclusion criteria. Average age of the patients was 46.35 ± 18.23 years (16-85), mean Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II (APACHE II) score was 15.92 ± 8.13 and males were 67.6%. Median length of ICU stay was 4 [IQR 5]. 43% patients fulfilled the criteria of sepsis at the time of admission to the SICU and incidence of severe sepsis/septic shock was 35%. Abdominal sepsis was the most frequent source of infection (57.5%). The overall intensive care unit mortality was 32.31% but the mortality of sepsis-group was 51.15% as compared to 17.7% of the non- sepsis group. Stepwise logistic regression model showed that increasing age, female gender, non-operative admission, admission under general surgery and co-morbidities like ischaemic heart disease and chronic kidney disease were significant predictors of sepsis. The incidence of sepsis and severe sepsis/septic shock, on admission to SICU is high and mortality of the sepsis group is nearly three times the mortality of the non-sepsis group.

  18. Incidence, outcome and risk factors for sepsis - a two year retrospective study at surgical intensive care unit of a teaching hospital in Pakistan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Asghar, A.; Hashmi, M.; Rashid, S.; Khan, F.H.

    2016-01-01

    Background: Sepsis is amongst the leading causes of admission to the intensive care units and is associated with a high mortality. However, data from developing countries is scarse. Aim of conducting this study was to determine the incidence, outcome and risk factors for sepsis on admission to surgical intensive care unit (SICU) of a teaching hospital in Pakistan. Methods: Two year retrospective observational study included all consecutive adult admissions to the surgical intensive care unit (SICU) of a University Hospital, from January 2012 to December 2013. Results: Two hundred and twenty-nine patients met the inclusion criteria. Average age of the patients was 46.35±18.23 years (16-85), mean Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II (APACHE II) score was 15.92±8.13 and males were 67.6 percentage. Median length of ICU stay was 4 [IQR 5]. 43 percentage patients fulfilled the criteria of sepsis at the time of admission to the SICU and incidence of severe sepsis/septic shock was 35 percentage. Abdominal sepsis was the most frequent source of infection (57.5 percentage). The overall intensive care unit mortality was 32.31 percentage but the mortality of sepsis-group was 51.15 percentage as compared to 17.7 percentage of the non-sepsis group. Stepwise logistic regression model showed that increasing age, female gender, non-operative admission, admission under general surgery and co-morbidities like ischaemic heart disease and chronic kidney disease were significant predictors of sepsis. Conclusion: The incidence of sepsis and severe sepsis/septic shock, on admission to SICU is high and mortality of the sepsis group is nearly three times the mortality of the non-sepsis group. (author)

  19. Seasonal Variations in the Risk of Reoperation for Surgical Site Infection Following Elective Spinal Fusion Surgery: A Retrospective Study Using the Japanese Diagnosis Procedure Combination Database.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ohya, Junichi; Chikuda, Hirotaka; Oichi, Takeshi; Kato, So; Matsui, Hiroki; Horiguchi, Hiromasa; Tanaka, Sakae; Yasunaga, Hideo

    2017-07-15

    A retrospective study of data abstracted from the Diagnosis Procedure Combination (DPC) database, a national representative database in Japan. The aim of this study was to examine seasonal variations in the risk of reoperation for surgical site infection (SSI) following spinal fusion surgery. Although higher rates of infection in the summer than in other seasons were thought to be caused by increasing inexperience of new staff, high temperature, and high humidity, no studies have examined seasonal variations in the risk of SSI following spinal fusion surgery in the country where medical staff rotation timing is not in summer season. In Japan, medical staff rotation starts in April. We retrospectively extracted the data of patients who were admitted between July 2010 and March 2013 from the DPC database. Patients were included if they were aged 20 years or older and underwent elective spinal fusion surgery. The primary outcome was reoperation for SSI during hospitalization. We performed multivariate analysis to clarify the risk factors of primary outcome with adjustment for patient background characteristics. We identified 47,252 eligible patients (23,659 male, 23,593 female). The mean age of the patients was 65.4 years (range, 20-101 yrs). Overall, reoperation for SSI occurred in 0.93% of the patients during hospitalization. The risk of reoperation for SSI was significantly higher in April (vs. February; odds ratio, 1.93; 95% confidence interval, 1.09-3.43, P = 0.03) as well as other known risk factors. In subgroup analysis with stratification for type of hospital, month of surgery was identified as an independent risk factor of reoperation for SSI among cases in an academic hospital, although there was no seasonal variation among those in a nonacademic hospital. This study showed that month of surgery is a risk factor of reoperation for SSI following elective spinal fusion surgery, nevertheless, in the country where medical staff rotation timing is not in

  20. Clinical relevance and effect of surgical wound classification in appendicitis: Retrospective evaluation of wound classification discrepancies between surgeons, Swissnoso-trained infection control nurse, and histology as well as surgical site infection rates by wound class.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang-Chan, Anastasija; Gingert, Christian; Angst, Eliane; Hetzer, Franc Heinrich

    2017-07-01

    Surgical wound classification (SWC) is used for risk stratification of surgical site infection (SSI) and serves as the basis for measuring quality of care. The objective was to examine the accuracy and reliability of SWC. This study was purposed to evaluate the discrepancies in SWC as assessed by three groups: surgeons, an infection control nurse, and histopathologic evaluation. The secondary aim was to compare the risk-stratified SSI rates using the different SWC methods for 30 d postoperatively. An analysis was performed of the appendectomies from January 2013 to June 2014 in the Cantonal Hospital of Schaffhausen. SWC was assigned by the operating surgeon at the end of the procedure and retrospectively reviewed by a Swissnoso-trained infection control nurse after reading the operative and pathology report. The level of agreement among the three different SWC assessment groups was determined using kappa statistic. SSI rates were analyzed using a chi-square test. In 246 evaluated cases, the kappa scores for interrater reliability among the SWC assessments across the three groups ranged from 0.05 to 0.2 signifying slight agreement between the groups. SSIs were more frequently associated with trained infection control nurse-assigned SWC than with surgeons based SWC. Our study demonstrated a considerable discordance in the SWC assessments performed by the three groups. Unfortunately, the currently practiced SWC system suffers from ambiguity in definition and/or implementation of these definitions is not clearly stated. This lack of reliability is problematic and may lead to inappropriate comparisons within and between hospitals and surgeons. Copyright © 2017 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  1. Das grandes incisões cirúrgicas à colecistectomia laparoscópica: uma reflexão sobre o impacto de novas tecnologias = From great surgical incisions to laparoscopic cholecystectomy: reflection on the impact of new technologies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lopes, Maria Helena Itaqui

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos: Revisar a história da colecistectomia laparoscópica e as dificuldades enfrentadas pelos cirurgiões envolvidos no seu desenvolvimento. Fonte de dados: Revisão bibliográfica através do PubMed. Foram analisados artigos selecionados sobre a história dos pioneiros da colecistectomia laparoscópica. Síntese dos dados: A introdução da cirurgia endoscópica na rotina clínica mudou drasticamente o campo da cirurgia. Redução da dor pós-operatória, menor impacto nas funções vitais, menor tempo de internação hospitalar e retorno mais rápido as atividades são algumas das vantagens do método. Entretanto, os pioneiros da técnica foram criticados em uma época na qual o pensamento dominante era: “Grandes cirurgiões, grandes incisões”. Conclusões: Atualmente a colecistectomia laparoscópica é a técnica de eleição para a remoção da vesícula biliar. Procedimentos minimamente invasivos alteraram o campo da cirurgia. Contudo, levou tempo até serem aceitos na prática dos cirurgiões. O conhecimento das dificuldades enfrentadas no passado ajudará no desenvolvimento de novas tecnologias. Aims: To review the history of laparoscopic cholecystectomy and the difficulties faced by the surgeons involved in its development. Source of data: A search was carried out at PubMed databasis. Selected papers about the history of the pioneers of laparoscopic cholecystectomy were reviewed. Summary of findings: Introduction of endoscopic surgery into clinical routine has dramatically changed the field of surgery. Less postoperative pain, less impairment of vital functions, shorter hospital stay and faster return to normal activities are some of the advantages. Early pioneers of this method worked against the surgical thinking of the era of: “Great surgeons, great incisions”. Conclusions: Nowadays, laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the method of choice for gallbladder removal. Minimally invasive procedures have changed the field of

  2. Modified tubularized incised plate urethroplasty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shivaji Mane

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim: To share our experience of doing tubularized incised plate urethroplasty with modifications. Materials and Methods: This is a single surgeon personal series from 2004 to 2009. One hundred patients of distal hypospadias were subjected for Snodgrass urethroplasty with preputioplasty. The age range was 1 to 5 year with mean age of 2.7 years. Selection criteria were good urethral plate, without chordee and torsion needing complete degloving. Main technical modification from original Snodgrass procedure was spongioplasty, preputioplasty, and dorsal slit when inability to retract prepuce during surgery. Results: Average follow-up period is 23 months. Seven (7% patients developed fistula and one patient had complete preputial dehiscence. Phimosis developed in three (3% patients and required circumcision. Dorsal slit was required in seven patients. One patient developed meatal stenosis in postoperative period. All other patients are passing single urinary stream and have cosmesis that is acceptable. Conclusions: Modified tubularized incised plate urethroplasty with preputioplasty effectively gives cosmetically normal looking penis with low complications.

  3. Influence of adjuvant hyperbaric oxygen therapy on short-term complications during surgical reconstruction of upper and lower extremity war injuries: retrospective cohort study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roje, Zdravko; Roje, Zeljka; Eterović, Davor; Druzijanić, Nikica; Petrićević, Ante; Roje, Tinka; Capkun, Vesna

    2008-04-01

    To determine the effects of hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) therapy on short-term complications of complex war wounds to the upper and lower extremities in patients who were and those who were not treated according to North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) emergency war surgery recommendations. We retrospectively analyzed data of 388 male patients undergoing reconstructive surgery for Gustilo type III A, B, and C war wounds to the extremities at the Department of Reconstructive Surgery, Split University Hospital Center, between 1991 and 1995. The occurrence of main wound complications (deep infection, osteomyelitis, skin grafts lyses, and flap necrosis) during hospitalization and time from wounding to granulation formation were analyzed with respect to the use of HBO therapy as a risk factor. Odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) was calculated for the occurrence of wound complications with respect to HBO therapy and adjusted for NATO surgical strategy by logistic regression. Of 388 patients, 310 (80%) were initially treated according to the NATO surgical strategy and 99 (25%) received HBO therapy. Deep soft-tissue infection developed in 196 (68%) patients who did not receive HBO therapy and in 35 (35%) who received it (P<0.001, xi(2) test). Osteomyelitis developed in 214 (74%) patients who did not receive HBO therapy and in 62 (63%) who received it (P=0.030). Skin graft lysis occurred in 151 (52%) patients who did not receive HBO therapy and in 23 (23%) who received it (P<0.001). Flap necrosis occurred in 147 (51%) patients who did not receive HBO therapy and in 15 (15%) who received it (P<0.001). Median time to granulation formation was 9 (5-57) days in patients who received HBO therapy, and 12 (1-12) days in those who did not (P<0.001, Mann-Whitney test). These results were consistent over the groups of patients stratified according to the wound severity and remained unaltered after the adjustment for NATO surgical strategy. The effect of HBO therapy was

  4. Avaliação da ação da Aroeira (Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi na cicatrização de feridas cirúrgicas em bexiga de ratos Evaluation of the aroreira (Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi in the healing process of surgical incision in the bladder of rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Periguari Luiz Holanda de Lucena

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar a ação cicatrizante do extrato hidroalcoólico da aroeira em bexigas de ratos. MÉTODOS: Foram utilizados 40 ratos machos da linhagem Wistar, divididos em dois grupos de 20, denominados grupo aroeira (GA e grupo controle (GC. Todos foram submetidos à incisão abdominal mediana com cistotomia de 1 cm, seguida de cistorrafia em plano único com pontos separados de poliglactina 910 5-0 (Vicryl®. Após este procedimento, nos animais GA injetou-se 100mg por quilo de peso de extrato hidroalcoólico da aroeira na cavidade peritoneal e nos GC injetou-se 1 ml por quilo de peso de solução salina a 0,9% . Cada grupo foi dividido em dois sub-grupos de 10 animais de acordo com a data da morte: sub-grupo A3 e C3, sacrificados no 3º dia pós-operatório e sub-grupo A7 e C7, sacrificados no 7º dia. A parede, a cavidade abdominal e a sutura da bexiga foram avaliadas macroscopicamente. Amostras de tecido da bexiga foram retiradas e analisadas histologicamente, utilizando a coloração de Hematoxilina-Eosina (HE e tricrômio de Masson. RESULTADOS: Na análise macroscópica observou-se infecção na incisão cirúrgica em três ratos do GC e em um do GA, e aderências peritoneais em 29 ratos do GC controle e 17 no GA. A avaliação microscópica mostrou processo inflamatório agudo mais severo no 3° (p=0,045 e no 7° dia (p=0,002. Evidenciou-se ainda diferença estatística nos parâmetros utilizados para a avaliação histológica da cicatrização da bexiga nas variáveis colagenização (p = 0.001, reepitelização (p = 0,046 e neoformação (p = 0 nos subgrupos GC e GA no 3º dia e na variável neoformação vascular (p=0,001 no subgrupo do 7º dia. CONCLUSÃO: O uso de extrato hidroalcoólico de aroeira mostrou efeito cicatrizante favorável nas cistotomias em ratos.PURPOSE: To evaluate the hydroalcoholic aroeira extract in the healing process of surgical incisions in the bladder of rats in an experimental comparative study. METHODS

  5. Single Incision Distal Biceps Repair With Hemi-Krackow Suture Technique

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goljan, Peter; Patel, Nimit; Stull, Justin D.; Donnelly, Brandon P.; Culp, Randall W.

    2016-01-01

    Background: Many surgical methods exist for distal biceps repair. We present the technique and early outcomes of a series of distal biceps repairs completed with a novel suturing technique utilizing a hemi-Krackow locking stitch at the tendon-bone interface. Methods: A retrospective review was performed of patients who underwent primary distal biceps repair using a single anterior incision with 2 suture anchors utilizing a hemi-Krackow stitch. With both anchors, a locking stitch along the tendon edge was complimented by the other strand passing through the central aspect of the distal tendon and advanced to pull the tendon edge down to the bone with appropriate tension. Patients with revision surgery and the use of allograft were excluded. Clinical outcomes included elbow range of motion and grip strength. All patients completed a Quick Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (QuickDASH) questionnaire and reported satisfaction level, pain level, and any postoperative complications. Results: Fourteen patients with an average age of 51.3 years (range, 27.8-66.4 years) were included in the study. The dominant arm was injured in 9 cases. At an average of 16.4 months’ follow-up (range, 6.8-34.3 months), all patients had elbow range of motion of 0° to >130°, and grip strength was 101.5% of the uninjured arm (range, 70.6%-121.4%). The Average QuickDASH score was 6.5 (range, 0-36.5). Conclusion: Single incision biceps repair with suture anchor fixation using our hemi-Krackow stitch provided a strong repair allowing easy tensioning of the biceps tendon to bone and showed satisfactory functional outcomes at early follow-up. No patients required revision surgery, and there was only 1 case of transient nerve complaints. PMID:27390570

  6. Nuclear management in manual small incision cataract surgery by snare technique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bhattacharya Debasish

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Manual small incision cataract surgery has evolved into a popular method of cataract surgery in India. However, in supra hard cataract, bringing out the whole nucleus through the sclerocorneal flap valve incision becomes difficult. A bigger incision required in such cataracts loses its value action, as the internal incision and corneal valve slips beyond the limbus into sclera. Struggling with the supra hard cataracts through a regular small incision. Phacofracture in the anterior chamber becomes a useful option in these cases. In the snare technique, a stainless steel wire loop when lassoed around the nucleus in the anterior chamber constricts from the equator, easily dividing the hardest of the nuclei into two halves. The wire loop constricts in a controlled way when the second cannula of snare is pulled. The divided halves can easily be brought out by serrated crocodile forceps. This nuclear management can be safely performed through a smaller sclerocorneal flap valve incision where the corneal valve action is retained within the limbus without sutures, and the endothelium or the incision is not disturbed. However, the technique requires space in the anterior chamber to maneuver the wire loop and anterior chamber depth more than 2.5 mm is recommended. Much evidence to this wonderful technique is not available in literature, as its popularity grew through live surgical workshops and small interactive conferences.

  7. Surgical anatomy of reduction mammaplasty: A historical ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Aesthetics was in mind throughout this period as different skin incisions were developed and advanced following Dieffenbach's small submammary incision in 1848. Surgical landmarks that ensured reproducible aesthetic outcomes were described by Penn (1955) and Wise (1956). Liposuction-assisted reduction was ...

  8. The Improvement of Laparoscopic Surgical Skills Obtained by Gynecologists after Ten Years of Clinical Training Can Reduce Peritoneal Adhesion Formation during Laparoscopic Myomectomy: A Retrospective Cohort Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mais, Valerio; Peiretti, Michele; Minerba, Luigi

    2017-01-01

    To evaluate if improvement of laparoscopic skills can reduce postoperative peritoneal adhesion formation in a clinical setting. We retrospectively evaluated 25 women who underwent laparoscopic myomectomy from January 1993 to June 1994 and 22 women who underwent laparoscopic myomectomy from March 2002 to November 2004. Women had one to four subserous/intramural myomas and received surgery without antiadhesive agents or barriers. Women underwent second-look laparoscopy for assessment of peritoneal adhesion formation 12 to 14 weeks after myomectomy. Adhesions were graded according to the Operative Laparoscopy Study Group scoring system. The main variable to be compared between the two cohorts was the proportion that showed no adhesions at second-look laparoscopy. Demographic and surgical characteristics were similar between the two cohorts. No complications were observed during surgery. No adverse events were recorded during postoperative course. At second-look laparoscopy, a higher proportion of adhesion-free patients was observed in women who underwent laparoscopic myomectomy from March 2002 to November 2004 (9 out of 22) compared with women who underwent the same surgery from January 1993 to June 1994 (3 out of 25). The improvement of surgeons' skills obtained after ten years of surgery can reduce postoperative adhesion formation.

  9. The Improvement of Laparoscopic Surgical Skills Obtained by Gynecologists after Ten Years of Clinical Training Can Reduce Peritoneal Adhesion Formation during Laparoscopic Myomectomy: A Retrospective Cohort Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valerio Mais

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. To evaluate if improvement of laparoscopic skills can reduce postoperative peritoneal adhesion formation in a clinical setting. Study Design. We retrospectively evaluated 25 women who underwent laparoscopic myomectomy from January 1993 to June 1994 and 22 women who underwent laparoscopic myomectomy from March 2002 to November 2004. Women had one to four subserous/intramural myomas and received surgery without antiadhesive agents or barriers. Women underwent second-look laparoscopy for assessment of peritoneal adhesion formation 12 to 14 weeks after myomectomy. Adhesions were graded according to the Operative Laparoscopy Study Group scoring system. The main variable to be compared between the two cohorts was the proportion that showed no adhesions at second-look laparoscopy. Results. Demographic and surgical characteristics were similar between the two cohorts. No complications were observed during surgery. No adverse events were recorded during postoperative course. At second-look laparoscopy, a higher proportion of adhesion-free patients was observed in women who underwent laparoscopic myomectomy from March 2002 to November 2004 (9 out of 22 compared with women who underwent the same surgery from January 1993 to June 1994 (3 out of 25. Conclusion. The improvement of surgeons’ skills obtained after ten years of surgery can reduce postoperative adhesion formation.

  10. Retrospective comparison of surgical ligation and transarterial catheter occlusion for treatment of patent ductus arteriosus in two hundred and four dogs (1993-2003).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goodrich, Kimberly R; Kyles, Andrew E; Kass, Phillip H; Campbell, Fiona

    2007-01-01

    To compare procedure time, complications, mortality, and short-term outcome in dogs with patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) treated by surgical ligation (SL) or transarterial coil occlusion (TCO). Retrospective study. Dogs with PDA (n=204). Medical records of dogs treated for PDA were reviewed. Dogs treated by SL when it was the primary method used for PDA treatment (1993-1998) were compared with dogs treated by TCO when it was the primary method used for PDA treatment (1999-2003). Dogs treated during the transition between techniques, dogs treated with SL (1999-2003) and dogs treated with TCO before 1999, as well as dogs with pulmonary hypertension, or bidirectional or reversed (right-to-left) flow through the PDA were excluded from analysis. Age, weight, gender distribution, and procedure times (P=.43) were similar for both groups. Major complications were more common with SL (12% versus 4.3%; P=.035) whereas minor complications were more common with TCO (12% versus 26%; P=.015). Initial success rate was higher for SL (94%) compared with TCO (84%; P=.027). There was no significant difference in mortality between SL (5.6%) and TCO (2.6%; P=.27). Both SL and TCO are acceptable PDA treatments with comparable mortality; however, SL was associated with a higher risk of major complications and TCO was associated with a lower initial success rate.

  11. Onychocryptosis: a long-term retrospective and comparative follow-up study of surgical and phenol chemical matricectomy in 520 procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Romero-Pérez, David; Betlloch-Mas, Isabel; Encabo-Durán, Belén

    2017-02-01

    Onychocryptosis or ingrown toenail is a common condition for which there are several treatment options. Surgical matricectomy (SM) is the classical procedure, whereas chemical matricectomy with phenol (CMP) is the most widely used nowadays. This study was designed to evaluate the success rate, postoperative comfort, postoperative complications, and patient satisfaction provided by each of these procedures. A retrospective study of all patients who underwent surgery for ingrown toenail over a 5-year period was performed. Data used for the descriptive study and success rates were obtained from medical records. Postoperative data were collected by telephone interviews. Ingrown toenail surgery was carried out in 520 patients. SM was associated with a lower recurrence rate (8.2%) than CMP (17.8%), more pain (5.7/10 vs. 3.6/10), a higher risk for infection (15.3% vs. 2.9%), and lower cosmetic satisfaction (7.3/10 vs. 8.0/10). Overall satisfaction was similar in both procedures (8.5/10 and 8.4/10, respectively). Although SM is associated with a lower recurrence rate, CMP appears to facilitate better postoperative outcomes. © 2016 The International Society of Dermatology.

  12. A case of bifocal endometriosis involving a pfannenstiel incision.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evsen, Mehmet Sidik; Sak, Muhammet Erdal; Yalinkaya, Ahmet; Firat, Ugur; Caca, Fatma Nur

    2011-01-01

    A 25-year-old woman was referred to our clinic for atypical cyclic pain and masses at both ends of a Pfannenstiel incision scar. Ultrasound of the anterior abdominal wall showed two masses. Both masses were hypoechoic, heterogeneous lesions located at opposite ends of the scar. The lesions were surgically excised with. Microscopic examination revealed endometrial gland structures with endometrial stroma in fibroadipose tissue in sections of both specimens indicative of endometriosis. Incisional endometriosis (IE) is a form of extrapelvic endometriosis especially in scars of obstetric or gynecologic surgery IE may be multifocal at surgical scars. We report the a case of bifocal incisional endometriosis in Pfannesteil scar. Whole scar evaluation should be done for incisional endometriosis and surgical excision should be performed for treatment.

  13. Type of incision does not predict abdominal wall outcome after emergency surgery for colonic anastomotic leakage

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Kristian Kiim; Oma, Erling; Harling, Henrik

    2017-01-01

    PURPOSE: Most literature on abdominal incision is based on patients undergoing elective surgery. In a cohort of patients with anastomotic leakage after colonic cancer resection, we analyzed the association between type of incision, fascial dehiscence, and incisional hernia. METHODS: Data were...... extracted from the Danish Colorectal Cancer Group database and merged with information from the Danish National Patient Register. All patients with anastomotic leakage after colonic resection in Denmark from 2001 until 2008 were included and surgical records on re-operations were retrieved. The primary...... for anastomotic leakage were included with a median follow-up of 5.4 years. Incisional hernia occurred in 41 of 227 (15.3%) patients undergoing midline incision compared with 14 of 81 (14.7%) following transverse incision, P = 1.00. After adjusting for confounders, there was no association between the type...

  14. Small intestinal submucosa for patch grafting after plaque incision in the treatment of Peyronie's disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eugene W. Lee

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: Report the results using porcine small intestinal submucosa (SIS as a graft material in the surgical management of Peyronie's disease (PD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review of men with PD who underwent surgical correction of the curvature by plaque “H” incision and patch grafting with 4-ply SIS (Cook, Bloomington, IN by a single surgeon at our institution. Degree and direction of curvature, sexual function, and co-morbidities were assessed pre- and postoperatively. RESULTS: Thirteen patients were identified. Mean age was 57 ± 8, range 42-70 years. Median follow-up was 14 months, range 3-89 months. At presentation, all reported penile curvature. Also reported were difficulty with vaginal penetration (determined by question number 2 of the sexual encounter profile questionnaire - SEP2, palpable plaque, hourglass deformity, difficulty with firmness, and difficulty with sustaining erection (determined by SEP3 in77%, 69%, 77%, 62%, and 46% of patients, respectively. Mean and median degrees of curvature of the primary deformity were 71 and 67.5 degrees, respectively. Three patients had secondary curves of less than 30 degrees in a different direction. Mean and median plaque size were 3.5 and 2.7 cm², respectively. Seven patients had one graft and six patients had two grafts placed with a mean size of 15 ± 0 cm². CONCLUSIONS: For the patient with PD, SIS grafting can achieve a functionally straight erection with durable results yet with relatively high rates of erectile dysfunction. SIS is a viable graft material for use in the surgical treatment of PD.

  15. Intravenous Sedation Without Intubation and the Risk of Anesthesia Complications for Obese and Non-Obese Women Undergoing Surgical Abortion: A Retrospective Cohort Study.

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    Gokhale, Priyanka; Lappen, Justin R; Waters, Jonathan H; Perriera, Lisa K

    2016-06-01

    The primary objective of this study was to assess the risk of perioperative anesthesia-related complications in a cohort of obese and non-obese women undergoing outpatient surgical abortion under IV sedation without tracheal intubation. We performed a retrospective cohort study of all surgical abortions through 22 6/7 weeks' gestation at an outpatient clinic from 2012 to 2013. Women receiving IV sedation were included. Obesity status was defined by the World Health Organization criteria. The primary outcome was the rate of perioperative anesthesia complications defined as tracheal intubation, pulmonary aspiration, hospital transfer for an anesthesia indication, or anesthesia-related adverse events (persistent hypoxemia and allergic reaction). The use of opioid reversal (naloxone) was assessed as a secondary outcome measure. Multivariate analysis for the secondary outcome measure was performed with adjustment for confounding factors. During the study period, 9348 abortions were performed. Of the 5579 patients who received IV sedation, 1438 (25.8%) were obese, 1707 (30.6%) were in the second trimester, and 851 (15.3%) were ≥17 weeks' gestation. No patients experienced a primary outcome measure. Based on the upper 95% confidence interval (CI) for the sample size, the maximal risk of an anesthesia-related complication is 1 in 1860 procedures. Naloxone use occurred in 13 (0.2%) patients and was not more frequent among obese patients (0.14% vs 0.27%; 95% CI of odds ratio [OR], 0.12-2.36; P = 0.54) or procedures at ≥17 weeks' gestation (0.47% vs 0.19%; 95% CI of OR, 0.76-8.06; P = 0.12). These negative findings should be interpreted with caution, given the limitations of the sample size to assess these secondary outcome measures. Naloxone use was associated with fentanyl doses >200 μg (0.82% vs 0.13%; P = 0.002), an association that remained significant when we controlled for confounding factors (adjusted OR, 5.51; 95% CI, 1.61-18.91). Further analysis revealed that

  16. Recent technological advancements in laparoscopic surgical instruments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Subido, Edwin D. C.; Pacis, Danica Mitch M.; Bugtai, Nilo T.

    2018-02-01

    Laparoscopy was a progressive step to advancing surgical procedures as it minimised the scars left on the body after surgery, compared to traditional open surgery. Many years later, single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) was created where, instead of having multiple incisions, only one incision is made or multiple small incisions in one location. SILS, or laparoendoscopic single-site surgery (LESS), may produce lesser scars but drawbacks for the surgeons are still present. This paper aims to present related literature of the recent technological developments in laparoscopic tools and procedure particularly in the vision system, handheld instruments. Tech advances in LESS will also be shown. Furthermore, this review intends to give an update on what has been going on in the surgical robot market and state which companies are interested and are developing robotic systems for commercial use to challenge Intuitive Surgical's da Vinci Surgical System that currently dominates the market.

  17. Prophylactic plastic surgery closure of neurosurgical scalp incisions reduces the incidence of wound complications in previously-operated patients treated with bevacizumab (Avastin®) and radiation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Golas, Alyssa Reiffel; Boyko, Tatiana; Schwartz, Theodore H; Stieg, Philip E; Boockvar, John A; Spector, Jason A

    2014-09-01

    Neurosurgical craniotomy, craniectomy, or other trans-galeal interventions are performed for a variety of indications, including the resection of benign or malignant tumors, hematoma evacuation, and for the management of intractable seizure disorders. Despite an overall low complication rate of intervention, wound healing complications such as dehiscence, surgical site infection, and cerebrospinal fluid leak are not uncommon. A retrospective review was performed of all patients who underwent scalp incision closure at a single institution by a single plastic surgeon between 2006 and 2013. Sixty patients (83 procedures) were included in the study. Fifty-seven patients (95.0 %) underwent previous craniotomy, craniectomy, or other trans-galeal procedure. Of the total 60 patients, 35 patients received preoperative radiation. Sixteen patients received bevacizumab prior to their index case, while 12 received bevacizumab postoperatively. Ten patients (16.7 %) required additional plastic surgical intervention for wound complications after their index plastic surgery procedure. Plastic surgery was consulted prophylactically in 34 patients (38 procedures). When plastic surgery was consulted prophylactically, 4 patients (11.8 %) required further wound revision. None of the 14 patients who underwent prophylactic plastic surgery closure for previous scalp incision, preoperative bevacizumab, and XRT administration required re-intervention. Plastic surgery closure of complex scalp incisions reduces the incidence of wound complications among patients who underwent previous neurosurgical intervention, XRT administration, and preoperative bevacizumab administration. This is particularly true when plastic surgery closure is performed "prophylactically." Further collaboration between the neurosurgical and plastic surgery teams is therefore warranted, particularly in the setting of these high-risk cases.

  18. AB194. A 12-year retrospective evaluation of TVT and TVT-O in the surgical management of SUI in females and the analysis of influence factors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Kejia; Liu, Yaxiao; Chen, Fan; Cheng, Shanshan; Yang, Yue; Shi, Benkang

    2016-01-01

    Objective We evaluate the clinical effect of TVT and TVT-O slings in the surgical management of SUI in women at mostly 12-year follow-ups and the factors that influence it. Methods In this retrospective analysis, 94 women with stress incontinence treated by TVT (14 cases) or TVT-O (80 cases) were included. Subjective evaluation included ICIQ-SF, KHQ, PGI-I and patient satisfaction, and we recorded the objective data of the procedures. We analyzed whether the age, BMI, disease duration, surgery history, postoperative follow-up duration or other factors were related to the subjective cure rate. Results Eight cases of TVT and 59 cases of TVT-O completed the follow-up. Patients were followed up for 1.3–12 years in TVT and 0.2–9.2 years in TVT-O group. The rates of subjectively assessed success were 87.5% and 84.7%, respectively (P=1.00). The total KHQ were (21.93±30.42) and (16.89±25.85) (P=0.55). The operation duration were (59.29±21.02) in TVT group and (29.87±12.04) in TVT-O group (P=0.00). The postoperative days of indwelling catheter were (4.14±1.79) and (3.11±1.51) (P=0.02), and the post-operation hospitalization days were (5.64±2.06) and (5.01±1.77) (P=0.27). The factors above didn’t affect the subjective cure rate. Conclusions The patient reported long-term success rate were both high and had no significant differences between the groups. Operation duration and postoperative durations of indwelling catheter of TVT-O was shorter. The factors above didn’t affect the subjective cure rate.

  19. Single-site robotic cholecystectomy (SSRC) versus single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SILC): comparison of learning curves. First European experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spinoglio, Giuseppe; Lenti, Luca Matteo; Maglione, Valeria; Lucido, Francesco Saverio; Priora, Fabio; Bianchi, Paolo Pietro; Grosso, Federica; Quarati, Raul

    2012-06-01

    Single-incision laparoscopic surgery is an emerging procedure developed to decrease parietal trauma and improve cosmetic results. However, many technical constraints, such as lack of triangulation, instrument collisions, and cross-handing, hamper this approach. Using a robotic platform may overcome these problems and enable more precise surgical actions by increasing freedom of movement and by restoring intuitive instrument control. We retrospectively collected, under institutional review board approval, data on the first 25 patients who underwent single-site robotic cholecystectomies (SSRC) at our center. Patients enrolled in this study underwent SSRC for symptomatic biliary gallstones or polyposis. Exclusion criteria were: BMI > 33; acute cholecystitis; previous upper abdominal surgery; ASA > II; and age >80 and <18 years. All procedures were performed with the da Vinci Si Surgical System and a dedicated SSRC kit (Intuitive). After discharge, patients were followed for 2 months. These SSRC cases were compared to our first 25 single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomies (SILC) and with the literature. There were no differences in patient characteristics between groups (gender, P = 0.4404; age, P = 0.7423; BMI, P = 0.5699), and there were no conversions or major complications in either cohort. Operative time was significantly longer for the SILC group compared with SSRC (83.2 vs. 62.7 min, P = 0.0006), and SSRC operative times did not change significantly along the series. The majority of patients in each group were discharged within 24 h, with an average length of hospital stay of 1.2 days for the SILC group and 1.1 days for the SSRC group (P = 0.2854). No wound complications (infection, incisional hernia) were observed in the SSRC group and in the SILC. Our preliminary experience shows that SSRC is safe, can easily be learned, and performed in a reproducible manner and is faster than SILC.

  20. Single incision laparoscopic hepatectomy: Advances in laparoscopic liver surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tayar, Claude; Claude, Tayar; Subar, Daren; Daren, Subar; Salloum, Chady; Chady, Salloum; Malek, Alexandre; Alexandre, Malek; Laurent, Alexis; Alexis, Laurent; Azoulay, Daniel; Daniel, Azoulay

    2014-01-01

    Laparoscopic liver surgery is now an established practice in many institutions. It is a safe and feasible approach in experienced hands. Single incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) has been performed for cholecystectomies, nephrectomies, splenectomies and obesity surgery. However, the use of SILS in liver surgery has been rarely reported. We report our initial experience in seven patients on single incision laparoscopic hepatectomy (SILH). From October 2010 to September 2012, seven patients underwent single-incision laparoscopic liver surgery. The abdomen was approached through a 25 mm periumbilical incision. No supplemental ports were required. The liver was transected using a combination of LigaSure™ (Covidien-Valleylab. Boulder. USA), Harmonic Scalpel and Ligaclips (Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.). Liver resection was successfully completed for the seven patients. The procedures consisted of two partial resections of segment three, two partial resections of segment five and three partial resections of segment six. The mean operative time was 98.3 min (range: 60-150 min) and the mean estimated blood loss was 57 ml (range: 25-150 ml). The postoperative courses were uneventful and the mean hospital stay was 5.1 days (range: 1-13 days). Pathology identified three benign and four malignant liver tumours with clear margins. SILH is a technically feasible and safe approach for wedge resections of the liver without oncological compromise and with favourable cosmetic results. This surgical technique requires relatively advanced laparoscopic skills. Further studies are needed to determine the potential advantages of this technique, apart from the better cosmetic result, compared to the conventional laparoscopic approach.

  1. Single incision laparoscopic hepatectomy: Advances in laparoscopic liver surgery

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    Tayar Claude

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Laparoscopic liver surgery is now an established practice in many institutions. It is a safe and feasible approach in experienced hands. Single incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS has been performed for cholecystectomies, nephrectomies, splenectomies and obesity surgery. However, the use of SILS in liver surgery has been rarely reported. We report our initial experience in seven patients on single incision laparoscopic hepatectomy (SILH. Patients and Methods: From October 2010 to September 2012, seven patients underwent single-incision laparoscopic liver surgery. The abdomen was approached through a 25 mm periumbilical incision. No supplemental ports were required. The liver was transected using a combination of LigaSure TM (Covidien-Valleylab. Boulder. USA, Harmonic Scalpel and Ligaclips (Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.. Results: Liver resection was successfully completed for the seven patients. The procedures consisted of two partial resections of segment three, two partial resections of segment five and three partial resections of segment six. The mean operative time was 98.3 min (range: 60-150 min and the mean estimated blood loss was 57 ml (range: 25-150 ml. The postoperative courses were uneventful and the mean hospital stay was 5.1 days (range: 1-13 days. Pathology identified three benign and four malignant liver tumours with clear margins. Conclusion: SILH is a technically feasible and safe approach for wedge resections of the liver without oncological compromise and with favourable cosmetic results. This surgical technique requires relatively advanced laparoscopic skills. Further studies are needed to determine the potential advantages of this technique, apart from the better cosmetic result, compared to the conventional laparoscopic approach.

  2. Advantages and Disadvantages of 1-Incision, 2-Incision, 3-Incision, and 4-Incision Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy: A Workflow Comparison Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bartnicka, Joanna; Zietkiewicz, Agnieszka A; Kowalski, Grzegorz J

    2016-08-01

    A comparison of 1-port, 2-port, 3-port, and 4-port laparoscopic cholecystectomy techniques from the point of view of workflow criteria was made to both identify specific workflow components that can cause surgical disturbances and indicate good and bad practices. As a case study, laparoscopic cholecystectomies, including manual tasks and interactions within teamwork members, were video-recorded and analyzed on the basis of specially encoded workflow information. The parameters for comparison were defined as follows: surgery time, tool and hand activeness, operator's passive work, collisions, and operator interventions. It was found that 1-port cholecystectomy is the worst technique because of nonergonomic body position, technical complexity, organizational anomalies, and operational dynamism. The differences between laparoscopic techniques are closely linked to the costs of the medical procedures. Hence, knowledge about the surgical workflow can be used for both planning surgical procedures and balancing the expenses associated with surgery.

  3. Two-incision minimally invasive total hip arthroplasty - results and complications

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Oldenrijk, Jakob; Hoogervorst, Paul; Schaap, Gerard R.; van Dijk, C. Niek; Schafroth, Matthias U.

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the complication rate and functional result after two-incision minimally invasive total hip arthroplasty in a retrospective consecutive case series of the first 45 patients treated by a single surgeon. The mean follow up period was 2.1 years. There were 4

  4. The 'French Fry' VAC technique: hybridisation of traditional open wound NPWT with closed incision NPWT.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chopra, Karan; Tadisina, Kashyap K; Singh, Devinder P

    2016-04-01

    Surgical site occurrences (SSO), specifically surgical site infections represent a significant burden in the US health care system. It has been hypothesised that postoperative dressing can help drive down SSO. We describe the successful use of a novel technique combining both closed incision and open negative pressure wound therapy in the management of a high-risk wound associated with lymphoedema of obesity. © 2014 The Authors. International Wound Journal © 2014 Medicalhelplines.com Inc and John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  5. Single transverse extended incision for radical neck dissection

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    José Francisco Sales Chagas

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Objective: to assess the efficacy of the single transverse extended cervical incision in radical neck dissection. Method: we conducted a prospective study, from January 2008 to January 2009, with 18 patients undergoing surgical treatment of malignant tumors of the upper aero-digestive tract. The primary lesion was located in the oral cavity in eight cases, in the oropharynx in three, in the hypopharynx in three, in the larynx in two, in the maxillary sinus, and in one case, the primary injury was hidden. There were 29 neck dissections, eight bilateral and 10 unilateral (26 radical and three selective. Staging revealed nine patients with T4 tumor, one T3, six T2, one T1 and one Tx. Five patients were N0, nine N2b, one N2c and three N3. The average number of dissected lymph nodes was 34.25. We performed the neck dissection through a single incision located in the middle neck, coincident with the skinfold, with a length of about 2 to 3 cm behind the anterior edge of the trapezius muscle and 3 to 4 cm from the midline for the unilateral neck dissections. Results: as complications, there were myocutaneous flap necrosis in one patient with prior radiation therapy, one lymphatic fistula, one dehiscence of the tracheostomy, one cervical abscess, one salivary fistula and one suture dehiscence. Conclusions: the single extended incision provides adequate exposure of the neck structures, without compromising surgical time, even in bilateral dissections. It does not compromise the resection of all cervical lymph nodes; it has excellent aesthetic and functional results and is easily associated with other approaches to resection of the primary tumor.

  6. Endoscopy-assisted cerebral falx incision via unilateral

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    DONG Ji-rong

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available 【Abstract】Objective: To investigate the clinical features and treatment strategy of dissymmetric bilateral frontal contusion, and to summarize our experience in treat-ing these patients by minimally invasive surgery. Methods: Over the past 3 years, we have treated a total of 31 patients with dissymmetric bilateral frontal contusion using endoscopy-assisted unilateral cerebral falx incision. Other 30 patients treated by routine bilateral approaches within the same period were taken as control. Results: Seventeen cases (54.8% in the unilateral operation group survived and were in good condition, 8 (25.8% had moderate disability, 4 (12.9% had severe disability, 1 (3.2% was in vegetative state, and 1 (3.2% died. Compared with the control group, the Glasgow Out-come Scale score was not significantly different in the uni-lateral operation group, but the operation time, blood trans-fusion volume, the length of hospital stay, the incidences of mental disorder and olfactory nerve injury were greatly reduced in the unilateral operation group. Conclusions: Endoscopy-assisted unilateral cerebral falx incision can shorten the operation time, reduce surgical trauma and complications in treatment of patients with dis-symmetric bilateral frontal contusion. It can obviously di-minish the chance of delayed intracerebral hematoma and subsequently minimize the incidences of subfalcial and centrencephalic herniation. Key words: Brain injuries; Intracranial hemorrage, traumatic; Endoscopy; Surgically procedures, minimally invasive

  7. One-step (standard) versus two-step surgical approach in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis posterior spinal fusion: Which is better?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramirez, Norman; Valentin, Pablo; García-Cartagena, Manuel; Samalot, Solais; Iriarte, Ivan

    2016-07-01

    A retrospective cohort study with IRB approval. Significant blood loss remains an important concern in terms of the performance of the posterior spinal fusion in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Several strategies have been reported to minimize blood loss during surgery. In order to address the need to minimize blood loss without sacrificing the quality of the fusion, in our hospital, we adopted a two-step surgical approach. This surgical approach consist of the exposure and instrumentation of the lumbar region prior to and followed by an extension of the surgical incision to the thoracic region for its subsequent instrumentation. The main purpose of this study was to compare a two-step surgical approach with the one-step (standard) approach. This study was a review of all the data on consecutive posterior spinal fusion surgeries performed by a specific two-surgeon team during 2004-2013. Demographics, surgical variables, radiographic findings, and outcomes regarding blood loss, morbidity, and the duration of the procedure were evaluated. Eighty-five patients underwent the standard surgical exposure, and 41 patients underwent the two-step surgical technique. With the exception of BMI, neither group showed any statistically preoperative variable significant differences. None of the postoperative outcome variables were statistically significant between both surgical approaches. No differences were detected in terms of using a two-step surgical approach versus the one-step standard surgical approach regarding perioperative blood loss, surgical time, or complications. Level of evidence III.

  8. Primary pulley enlargement in zone 2 by incision and repair with an extensor retinaculum graft.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bunata, Robert E

    2010-05-01

    This retrospective study documents the results of primary enlargement of tendon sheath pulleys by incision and extensor retinaculum graft repair during flexor tendon repairs in zone 2 in 9 fingers. The entire A2 or A4 pulley was enlarged by complete incision and repaired with an interposed extensor retinaculum graft at the time of primary flexor tendon repair in a total of 9 fingers in 7 patients, ages 15 to 54 years. The indication for primary pulley enlargement was failure of the tendon repair to glide smoothly and without snagging through the normally tight-fitting pulley system. In no case was more than one major pulley enlarged, and the entire A1 pulley was never enlarged. The zone 2 tendon repairs were done using a 2-strand modified Kessler 3-0 core suture and a 6-0 nylon running circumferential suture. The follow-up averaged 3.6 years. Interphalangeal total active motion and Strickland-Glogovac grade in patients with adequate follow-up of more than 6 months or obtaining full range of motion were obtained from a retrospective chart review. Interphalangeal total active motion averaged 127 degrees and the scores according to the Strickland-Glogovac system were excellent for 3, good for 2, fair for 2, and poor for 2. There were no tendon ruptures. Two fingers in one patient required a tenolysis and a third finger had secondary skin scar lengthening. Two fingers had visible and palpable bowstringing when seen at long-term follow-up and there was an average flexion contracture of 21 degrees. Primary pulley enlargement using a free graft in zone 2 tendon injuries may achieve the 3 goals of providing a good gliding environment, avoiding triggering, and minimizing bowstringing. These initial clinical outcomes are average for zone 2 tendon repair, but encouraging. Further research and refinement in surgical technique and rehabilitation method are needed to minimize flexion contractures. Copyright 2010 American Society for Surgery of the Hand. Published by Elsevier Inc

  9. Clear corneal incisions in bimanual microincision cataract surgery: long-term wound-healing architecture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cavallini, Gian Maria; Campi, Luca; Torlai, Giulio; Forlini, Matteo; Fornasari, Elisa

    2012-10-01

    To evaluate bimanual microincision cataract surgery (MICS) clear corneal incision (CCI) architectural features over the long-term using anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT). Case series. Institute of Ophthalmology, University of Modena, Modena, Italy. Patients who had uneventful bimanual MICS in the previous 2 to 16 months were examined using AS-OCT. Images were used to measure corneal thickness, incision length, incision angle, incidence of epithelial or endothelial gaping, misalignment, Descemet membrane detachment, and posterior wound retraction. Fifty-two eyes (33 patients) were enrolled. Mean incision length and incision angle were, respectively, 1427.91 μm and 31.19 degrees for the right hand, 1440.63 μm and 31.54 degrees for the left hand, 1474.13 μm and 31.27 degrees for temporal incisions, and 1394.41 μm and 31.46 degrees for nasal CCIs. Posterior wound retraction was the only architectural feature found. Its prevalence was 7.10% at 2 to 3 months, 31.8% at 4 to 11 months, and 33.3% at 12 months. Fifty-three percent of posterior wound retractions were in 1.8 mm CCIs and 47% in 1.4 mm CCIs. Bimanual MICS was not related to particular morphologic features of CCIs. The enlargement of 1 incision or construction of the incision with the dominant or the nondominant hand did not affect long-term wound architecture. Posterior wound retraction was the only architectural feature; however, its prevalence seems substantially lower than with other surgical techniques. Copyright © 2012 ASCRS and ESCRS. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  10. Nipple-Sparing Mastectomy via an Inframammary Fold Incision with Implant-Based Reconstruction in Patients with Prior Cosmetic Breast Surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dent, Briar L; Cordeiro, Christina N; Small, Kevin; Clemons, Jessica A; Kessler, Evan G; Swistel, Alexander; Talmor, Mia

    2015-07-01

    Nipple-sparing mastectomy through an inframammary fold incision (NSM-IMF) with implant-based reconstruction (IBR) is a cosmetically preferable approach to breast cancer treatment in appropriate candidates. However, patients who have undergone prior cosmetic breast surgery (CBS) may be at increased risk for postoperative complications secondary to existing surgical scars. To assess whether prior CBS increases the risk of complications following NSM-IMF with IBR. A retrospective chart review was conducted for 398 NSM-IMFs with IBR performed between July 2006 and December 2013. CBS cases were identified. Outcomes were reviewed. Of 398 NSM-IMF cases, 41 had prior CBS: 24 augmentations, 12 reductions, three mastopexies, and two augmentation mastopexies. NSM-IMF was performed an average of 8 years following CBS. CBS cases had lower BMIs (P = .040), more breast tissue resected (P = .021), wider breast bases (P = .0002), more single-stage reconstructions (P Surgery, Inc. Reprints and permission: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  11. Similar Clinical and Surgical Outcomes Achieved with Early Compared to Late Anti-TNF Induction in Mild-to-Moderate Ulcerative Colitis: A Retrospective Cohort Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Christopher; Beilman, Candace L; Huang, Vivian W; Fedorak, Darryl K; Wong, Karen; Kroeker, Karen I; Dieleman, Levinus A; Halloran, Brendan P; Fedorak, Richard N

    2016-01-01

    Background. Biologic agents targeting tumor necrosis factor alpha are effective in the management of ulcerative colitis (UC), but their use is often postponed until after failure of other treatment modalities. Objectives. We aim to determine if earlier treatment with infliximab or adalimumab alters clinical and surgical outcomes in UC patients. Methods. A retrospective cohort study was conducted evaluating UC outpatients treated with infliximab or adalimumab from 2003 to 2014. Patients were stratified by time to first anti-TNF exposure; early initiation was defined as starting treatment within three years of diagnosis. Primary outcomes were colectomy, UC-related hospitalization, and clinical secondary loss of response. Kaplan-Meier analysis was used to assess time to the primary outcomes. Results. 115 patients were included (78 infliximab, 37 adalimumab). Median follow-up was 175.6 weeks (IQR 72.4-228.4 weeks). Fifty-seven (49.6%) patients received early anti-TNF therapy; median time to treatment in this group was 38.1 (23.3-91.0) weeks compared to 414.0 (254.0-561.3) weeks in the late initiator cohort (p < 0.0001). Patients treated with early anti-TNF therapy had more severe endoscopic disease at induction (mean Mayo endoscopy subscore 2.46 (SD ± 0.66) versus 1.86 (±0.67), p < 0.001) and trended towards increased risk of colectomy (17.5% versus 8.6%, p = 0.16) and UC-related hospitalization (43.9% versus 27.6%, p = 0.07). In multivariate regression analysis, early anti-TNF induction was not associated with colectomy (HR 2.02 [95% CI: 0.57-7.20]), hospitalization (HR 1.66 [0.84-3.30]), or secondary loss of response (HR 0.86 [0.52-1.42]). Conclusions. Anti-TNF therapy is initiated earlier in patients with severe UC but earlier treatment does not prevent hospitalization, colectomy, or secondary loss of response.

  12. Similar Clinical and Surgical Outcomes Achieved with Early Compared to Late Anti-TNF Induction in Mild-to-Moderate Ulcerative Colitis: A Retrospective Cohort Study

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    Christopher Ma

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Biologic agents targeting tumor necrosis factor alpha are effective in the management of ulcerative colitis (UC, but their use is often postponed until after failure of other treatment modalities. Objectives. We aim to determine if earlier treatment with infliximab or adalimumab alters clinical and surgical outcomes in UC patients. Methods. A retrospective cohort study was conducted evaluating UC outpatients treated with infliximab or adalimumab from 2003 to 2014. Patients were stratified by time to first anti-TNF exposure; early initiation was defined as starting treatment within three years of diagnosis. Primary outcomes were colectomy, UC-related hospitalization, and clinical secondary loss of response. Kaplan-Meier analysis was used to assess time to the primary outcomes. Results. 115 patients were included (78 infliximab, 37 adalimumab. Median follow-up was 175.6 weeks (IQR 72.4–228.4 weeks. Fifty-seven (49.6% patients received early anti-TNF therapy; median time to treatment in this group was 38.1 (23.3–91.0 weeks compared to 414.0 (254.0–561.3 weeks in the late initiator cohort (p<0.0001. Patients treated with early anti-TNF therapy had more severe endoscopic disease at induction (mean Mayo endoscopy subscore 2.46 (SD ± 0.66 versus 1.86 (±0.67, p<0.001 and trended towards increased risk of colectomy (17.5% versus 8.6%, p=0.16 and UC-related hospitalization (43.9% versus 27.6%, p=0.07. In multivariate regression analysis, early anti-TNF induction was not associated with colectomy (HR 2.02 [95% CI: 0.57–7.20], hospitalization (HR 1.66 [0.84–3.30], or secondary loss of response (HR 0.86 [0.52–1.42]. Conclusions. Anti-TNF therapy is initiated earlier in patients with severe UC but earlier treatment does not prevent hospitalization, colectomy, or secondary loss of response.

  13. Mast Quadrant-assisted Minimally Invasive Modified Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion: Single Incision Versus Double Incision

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    Xin-Lei Xia

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The concept of minimally invasive techniques is to make every effort to reduce tissue damage. Certainly, reducing skin incision is an important part of these techniques. This study aimed to investigate the clinical feasibility of Mast Quadrant-assisted modified transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF with a small single posterior median incision. Methods: During the period of March 2011 to March 2012, 34 patients with single-segment degenerative lumbar disease underwent the minimally invasive modified TLIF assisted by Mast Quadrant with a small single posterior median incision (single incision group. The cases in this group were compared to 37 patients with single-segment degenerative lumbar disease in the double incision group. The perioperative conditions of patients in these two groups were statistically analyzed and compared. The Oswestry Disability Index (ODI scores, Visual Analog Scale (VAS scores, and sacrospinalis muscle damage evaluation indicators before operation and 3, 12 months postoperation were compared. Results: A total of 31 and 35 cases in the single incision and double incision groups, respectively, completed at least 12 months of systemic follow-up. The differences in perioperative conditions between the two groups were not statistically significant. The incision length of the single incision group was significantly shorter than that of the double incision group (P < 0.01. The ODI and VAS scores of patients in both groups improved significantly at 3 and 12 months postoperation. However, these two indicators at 3 and 12 months postoperation and the sacrospinalis muscle damage evaluation indicators at 3 months postoperation did not differ significantly between the two groups (P ≥ 0.05. Conclusions: Mast Quadrant-assisted modified TLIF with a small single posterior median incision has excellent clinical feasibility compared to minimally invasive TLIF with a double paramedian incision.

  14. DNA Methylation Modulates Nociceptive Sensitization after Incision.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuan Sun

    Full Text Available DNA methylation is a key epigenetic mechanism controlling DNA accessibility and gene expression. Blockade of DNA methylation can significantly affect pain behaviors implicated in neuropathic and inflammatory pain. However, the role of DNA methylation with regard to postoperative pain has not yet been explored. In this study we sought to investigate the role of DNA methylation in modulating incisional pain and identify possible targets under DNA methylation and contributing to incisional pain. DNA methyltranferase (DNMT inhibitor 5-Aza-2'-deoxycytidine significantly reduced incision-induced mechanical allodynia and thermal sensitivity. Aza-2'-deoxycytidine also reduced hindpaw swelling after incision, suggesting an anti-inflammatory effect. Global DNA methylation and DNMT3b expression were increased in skin after incision, but none of DNMT1, DNMT3a or DNMT3b was altered in spinal cord or DRG. The expression of proopiomelanocortin Pomc encoding β-endorphin and Oprm1 encoding the mu-opioid receptor were upregulated peripherally after incision; moreover, Oprm1 expression was further increased under DNMT inhibitor treatment. Finally, local peripheral injection of the opioid receptor antagonist naloxone significantly exacerbated incision-induced mechanical hypersensitivity. These results suggest that DNA methylation is functionally relevant to incisional nociceptive sensitization, and that mu-opioid receptor signaling might be one methylation regulated pathway controlling sensitization after incision.

  15. A small incision technique facilitates pterygium removal

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    Shu Zhang

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available AIM: To verify the advantages of an improved protocol for pterygium surgery(small incision removalover a conventional protocol of this surgery.METHODS: Totally 40 primary pterygium cases were divided into two groups(n=20 eachaccording to the protocols: small incision removal versus conventional removal. In our small incision removal, group 1, the pterygium body was cut open with a small incision firstly, through which the conjunctiva was separated from the underlying degenerated Tenon's layer; while in the conventional protocol, group 2, the whole head of pterygium was taken down before the separation. Then the head of pterygium was torn down in our protocol using a forceps instead of cutting it down with a blade, which was facilitated by a special corneal epithelial flap formation method. Surgery time, pain score and corneal wound healing were measured to provide objective comparison of outcome between the two protocols. RESULTS: In the group using small incision removal, the average surgery time was 7.72min(or 48.9%shorter than that of the control group using conventional protocol(PPCONCLUSION: The small incision pterygium removal protocol was easier to perform and resulted in a better outcome than the conventional protocol.

  16. Abdominal incisions in General Surgery: a review | Ajao | Annals of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    There is this wrong notion that the only standard abdominal incision is the midline incision. Cases have been seen in which an abdominal incision extends from the xyphoid process to the symphysis pubis just to remove a perforated appendix! It is also not unusual to see a groin incision together with a lower abdominal ...

  17. A peripherally inserted central catheter line, inserted the day before surgery, decreases the time from induction to incision for spinal deformity surgery and safely provides central venous access during surgery: a pilot study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stuedemann, Anne E; Schwend, Richard M; Thomas, Valorie K; Leamon, Julia M; Lightner, Tammy S

    2018-03-01

    Pediatric patients undergoing surgery for spinal deformity may benefit from central venous access to provide intraoperative monitoring and fluid resuscitation. For pediatric surgical patients requiring central access, we hypothesized that placing a peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) line preoperatively should decrease time from induction of anesthesia to incision and result in improved patient safety and decreased operating room charges. This was a retrospective, nonrandomized, and case comparison study. Clinical records of all children with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis or neuromuscular scoliosis treated surgically by the senior author between December 2007 and April 2012 were reviewed. Control group patients had a central venous catheter (CVC) placed by the anesthesiologist after induction of anesthesia. The trial group had a PICC placed under local anesthesia the day before surgery by an experienced vascular access team. The time from induction of anesthesia to the time for the surgical incision was determined for each study group. The CVC line placement charges were determined by the operating room time charges at $214/min. Charges saved were the mean time difference multiplied by the operating room time charge, less the charge for PICC line insertion ($1282). There were 29 neuromuscular patients, the mean age was 13 years (SD: 4 years). The mean time from induction to incision for the PICC group was 91 min [95% confidence interval (CI): 67-115 min] and for the CVC group 113 min (95% CI: 99-127 min, P=0.083). For this mean time difference of 22 min, the estimated cost savings would be $3426 per patient. There were 59 patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, the mean age was 14 years (SD: 2 years). The mean time from induction to incision for the PICC group was 78 min (95% CI: 74-82 min) and for the CVC group 106 min (95% CI: 96-116  min, P≤0.001). For this mean time difference of 28 min, the estimated cost savings would

  18. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy with two mini cosmetic incisions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tavassoli, Alireza; Noorshafiee, Sajad

    2017-12-18

    Minimally invasive surgery gained popularity between general surgeons especially laparoscopic four-port cholecystectomy. By introducing different methods such as NOTES and SILS, the costs elevated with its cosmetics. We aim to study a new technique of laparoscopic cholecystectomy by two incisions with best cosmetics, and same quality and lower cost as conventional four-port laparoscopic cholecystectomy and make a comparison between them. In a double-blind clinical trial from December 2012 to September 2014, patients with cholelithiasis who presented to general surgery clinic and candidate for laparoscopic cholecystectomy were studied. Half of patients underwent double-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy and other half underwent conventional four-port laparoscopic cholecystectomy. The mean age and BMI were higher in double-incision and four-port group, respectively, but not statistically different. Also male to female ratio was 6:1 in double-incision group and 9:1 in four-port group, and they were not statistically different. The mean operation time was about 2 min more in double-incision group, but it is trivial to consider a significant difference at level of 5%. The mean pain score (0-10) was significantly lower in double incision group in comparison with four-port group (p < 0.0001). Patients in double incision group reported higher satisfaction and were sooner in return to work than in four-port group (p < 0.0001). It seems that DILS for uncomplicated cholelithiasis is safe. By reducing port number, we succeed in reducing the pain and need for analgesics, reducing hospital staying and sooner return to work. By taking into account using conventional CLS instrument and lowering the hospital charges, it could be a good alternative to SILS.

  19. The Role of Hand-Assisted Laparoscopic Technique in the Age of Single-Incision Laparoscopy: An Effective Alternative to Avoid Open Conversion in Colorectal Surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jung, Kyung Uk; Yun, Seong Hyeon; Cho, Yong Beom; Kim, Hee Cheol; Lee, Woo Yong; Chun, Ho-Kyung

    2018-04-01

    Continuous efforts to reduce the numbers and size of incisions led to the emergence of a new technique, single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS). It has been rapidly accepted as the preferred surgical approach in the colorectal area. In the age of SILS, what is the role of hand-assisted laparoscopic surgery (HALS)? We introduce the way to take advantage of it, as an effective alternative to avoid open conversion. This is a retrospective review of prospectively collected data of SILS colectomies performed by a single surgeon in Samsung Medical Center between August 2009 and December 2012. Out of 631 cases of SILS colectomy, 47 cases needed some changes from the initial approach. Among these, five cases were converted to HALS. Four of them were completed successfully without the need for open conversion. One patient with rectosigmoid colon cancer invading bladder was finally opened to avoid vesical trigone injury. The mean operation time of the 4 patients was 265.0 minutes. The mean estimated blood loss was 587.5 mL. The postoperative complication rate associated with the operation was 25%. Conversion from SILS to HALS in colorectal surgery was feasible and effective. It seemed to add minimal morbidity while preserving advantages of minimally invasive surgery. It could be considered an alternative to open conversion in cases of SILS, especially when the conversion to conventional laparoscopy does not seem to be helpful.

  20. Small-incision 4-point scleral suture fixation of a foldable hydrophilic acrylic intraocular lens in the absence of capsule support.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Terveen, Daniel C; Fram, Nicole R; Ayres, Brandon; Berdahl, John P

    2016-02-01

    To determine the visual outcomes and complications of a new small-incision technique for 4-point fixation of a hydrophilic acrylic posterior chamber intraocular lens (IOL) in the absence of capsule support. Three North American tertiary referral centers and a private practice. Retrospective case series. Secondary IOL placement was performed from 2011 to 2014. Indications for surgery, clinical results, and complications were analyzed. Primary outcomes included postoperative corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA) and surgical complications. Charts of 35 patients (37 eyes) were reviewed. The mean age at surgery was 56 years, and the mean follow-up was 6 months (range 3 to 24 months). Clinical indications included a dislocated IOL (30%), ocular trauma (19%), crystalline lens subluxation (19%), uveitis-glaucoma-hyphema syndrome (5%), post-complicated cataract (8%), congenital cataract (8%), and decompensated cornea (3%). The mean CDVA improved from 20/80 preoperatively to 20/40 postoperatively (P IOL dislocation (3%). Small-incision 4-point scleral fixation of the Akreos AO60 hydrophilic acrylic IOL in the absence of capsule support appears to be a safe and effective technique for secondary IOL placement. Drs. Berdahl and Ayres are consultants to Bausch & Lomb, Inc. Drs. Ayres and Fram have received speaker fees from Bausch & Lomb. Dr. Terveen does not have a financial or proprietary interest in any material or methods mentioned. Copyright © 2016 ASCRS and ESCRS. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  1. Single incision laparoscopic colorectal resection: Our experience

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    Chinnusamy Palanivelu

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: A prospective case series of single incision multiport laparoscopic colorectal resections for malignancy using conventional laparoscopic trocars and instruments is described. Materials and Methods: Eleven patients (seven men and four women with colonic or rectal pathology underwent single incision multiport laparoscopic colectomy/rectal resection from July till December 2010. Four trocars were placed in a single transumblical incision. The bowel was mobilized laparoscopically and vessels controlled intracorporeally with either intra or extracorporeal anastomosis. Results: Three patients had carcinoma in the caecum, one in the hepatic flexure, two in the rectosigmoid, one in the descending colon, two in the rectum and two had ulcerative pancolitis (one with high grade dysplasia and another with carcinoma rectum. There was no conversion to standard multiport laparoscopy or open surgery. The median age was 52 years (range 24-78 years. The average operating time was 130 min (range 90-210 min. The average incision length was 3.2 cm (2.5-4.0 cm. There were no postoperative complications. The average length of stay was 4.5 days (range 3-8 days. Histopathology showed adequate proximal and distal resection margins with an average lymph node yield of 25 nodes (range 16-30 nodes. Conclusion: Single incision multiport laparoscopic colorectal surgery for malignancy is feasible without extra cost or specialized ports/instrumentation. It does not compromise the oncological radicality of resection. Short-term results are encouraging. Long-term results are awaited.

  2. Estudo retrospectivo de cães com luxação patelar medial tratados cirurgicamente Retrospective study of dogs with medial patellar luxation surgically treated

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    Mariana Moraes Dionisyio de Souza

    2010-06-01

    , o que indica a necessidade de realização de estudos acerca de novas condutas.The aim of this study was to evaluate retrospectively 48 medium to toy breed dogs with developmental medial patellar luxation submitted to corrective surgical procedures. In the grade 1 limbs, 46.7% were treated by lateral retinacular overlap and 53.3% by lateral retinacular overlap and deepening of the femoral groove with no complications. In the grade 2 limbs (n=35 were used the techniques of deepening of the femoral groove and lateral retinacular overlap (100% of the cases, medial desmotomy (28.6%, fabello-patellar sutures (2.8% with 14.3% of reluxation. The last evaluation varied from 3 to 9 months, and clinical signs of lameness were still observed in 20% of the limbs. In all grade 3 cases (n=11 were performed deepening of the femoral groove, lateral retinacular overlap, partial quadriceps released, medial desmotomy and lateral transposition of the tibial tuberosiy that was fixated with Kirschner wire or screw. Reluxation occurred in 27.3% of the limbs that were reoperated. In this group 72.7% of the limbs had absence of lameness. In the grade 4 limbs (n=10 were used the same techniques of grade 3, but it was also necessary the femoral corrective osteotomy in 4 limbs. Reluxation was observed in 30% of the limbs that were reoperated. Although 60% of the limbs showed a positive evolution of the locomotion after 5.2 months of evaluation, in general the dogs showed a posture with the hind limbs in a semi-flexed position, due to the inability to fully extend the stifle. In conclusion, the surgical procedures used allowed an improvement of the locomotion, but except to grade 1, the patellar reluxation may occur in the other degrees suggesting the necessity of other protocols.

  3. Post surgical complications from students' large animal surgical ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A retrospective study of post surgical complications was conducted on records of students' Large Animal Surgical Laboratories in the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine (F.V.M.), Ahmadu Bello University (A.B.U), Zaria from 1989 to 1993. Three hundred and eleven surgical complications were recorded from five surgical ...

  4. Two hundred seventy-five single-incision laparoscopic gastric band insertions: what have we learnt?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murgatroyd, Beth; Chakravartty, Saurav; Sarma, Diwakar R; Patel, Ameet G

    2014-07-01

    Single-incision surgery in the morbidly obese patient has not been widely adopted, but remains a popular choice amongst patients. In the bariatric patient, it presents its own surgical challenges with hepatomegaly and increased abdominal adiposity. Here, we present our experience of 275 single-incision laparoscopic gastric bands.Between June 2009 and April 2013, 275 obese patients underwent single-incision laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding through a single incision using a multichannel single port and via a pars flaccida approach. Prospective data collection was undertaken including operating time, additional ports and additional procedures undertaken.In this series, median operative time was 60 (range 34-170) min. An additional port was placed in 15 patients (5%), including two conversions to four-port technique (0.7%). Of these patients (n = 15), the majority were male (p rate of success for all BMIs. Following 275 single-incision band insertions additional port placements were more commonly required in male patients, BMI >45 and earlier in the learning curve.

  5. Microincision versus small-incision coaxial cataract surgery using different power modes for hard nuclear cataract.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Eun Chul; Byun, Yong Soo; Kim, Man Soo

    2011-10-01

    To compare the efficacy of microincision and small-incision coaxial phacoemulsification in treating hard cataracts using different ultrasound power modes. Department of Ophthalmology, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea. Randomized clinical trial. Eyes with hard cataract were randomized to have an initial incision of 1.80 mm, 2.20 mm, or 2.75 mm. The eyes in each group were equally randomized to treatment with burst, pulse, or continuous mode. Ultrasound time (UST), mean cumulative dissipated energy (CDE), corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA), surgically induced corneal astigmatism, incisional and central corneal thickness (CCT), and endothelial cell counts were evaluated. The study enrolled 180 eyes, 60 in each group. Two months postoperatively, there were no statistically significant differences in UST, CDE, CDVA, CCT, or percentage endothelial cell loss between the 3 incision groups. The 2.75 mm incision induced more astigmatism at 2 months and less incisional corneal edema at 1 week than the 1.80 mm or 2.20 mm incision (Phard cataract. The intraoperative energy use and ocular damage was less with the pulse and burst modes than with the continuous mode. No author has a financial or proprietary interest in any material or method mentioned. Copyright © 2011 ASCRS and ESCRS. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  6. Force modeling for incisions into various tissues with MRF haptic master

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Pyunghwa; Kim, Soomin; Park, Young-Dai; Choi, Seung-Bok

    2016-03-01

    This study proposes a new model to predict the reaction force that occurs in incisions during robot-assisted minimally invasive surgery. The reaction force is fed back to the manipulator by a magneto-rheological fluid (MRF) haptic master, which is featured by a bi-directional clutch actuator. The reaction force feedback provides similar sensations to laparotomy that cannot be provided by a conventional master for surgery. This advantage shortens the training period for robot-assisted minimally invasive surgery and can improve the accuracy of operations. The reaction force modeling of incisions can be utilized in a surgical simulator that provides a virtual reaction force. In this work, in order to model the reaction force during incisions, the energy aspect of the incision process is adopted and analyzed. Each mode of the incision process is classified by the tendency of the energy change, and modeled for realistic real-time application. The reaction force model uses actual reaction force information with three types of actual tissues: hard tissue, medium tissue, and soft tissue. This modeled force is realized by the MRF haptic master through an algorithm based on the position and velocity of a scalpel using two different control methods: an open-loop algorithm and a closed-loop algorithm. The reaction forces obtained from the proposed model are compared with a desired force in time domain.

  7. Single incision laparoscopic pancreas resection for pancreatic metastasis of renal cell carcinoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barbaros, Umut; Sümer, Aziz; Demirel, Tugrul; Karakullukçu, Nazlı; Batman, Burçin; Içscan, Yalın; Sarıçam, Gülay; Serin, Kürçsat; Loh, Wei-Liang; Dinççağ, Ahmet; Mercan, Selçuk

    2010-01-01

    Transumbilical single incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) offers excellent cosmetic results and may be associated with decreased postoperative pain, reduced need for analgesia, and thus accelerated recovery. Herein, we report the first transumbilical single incision laparoscopic pancreatectomy case in a patient who had renal cell cancer metastasis on her pancreatic corpus and tail. A 59-year-old female who had metastatic lesions on her pancreas underwent laparoscopic subtotal pancreatectomy through a 2-cm umbilical incision. Single incision pancreatectomy was performed with a special port (SILS port) and articulated equipment. The procedure lasted 330 minutes. Estimated blood loss was 100mL. No perioperative complications occurred. The patient was discharged on the seventh postoperative day with a low-volume (20mL/day) pancreatic fistula that ceased spontaneously. Pathology result of the specimen was renal cell cancer metastases. This is the first reported SILS pancreatectomy case, demonstrating that even advanced surgical procedures can be performed using the SILS technique in well-experienced centers. Transumbilical single incision laparoscopic pancreatectomy is feasible and can be performed safely in experienced centers. SILS may improve cosmetic results and allow accelerated recovery for patients even with malignancy requiring advanced laparoscopic interventions.

  8. A Semicircular Incision in the Superior Umbilical Fold for SILS Preserves the Umbilical Profile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. C. Blackburn

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Single Incision Laparoscopic Surgery (SILS has been highlighted in the recent literature as a means of performing a range of common, minimal access, paediatric surgical procedures. The primary attraction is the absence of visible scarring. Aim. This study aims to describe a cosmetically advantageous means of SILS port placement in children, which preserves the umbilical profile. Methods. We describe a paediatric case series utilising a semicircular incision in the superior umbilical fold for SILS procedures. The linea alba is exposed over 2 cm just superior to the umbilical ring and stay sutures are applied. A vertical incision is made over this distance without entering the umbilical ring. Data were recorded prospectively in a Microsoft Excel database. Results. Twenty-one cases were performed in a 1-year period. Ten appendicectomies, 5 ovarian/paraovarian cystectomies, 2 Palomo procedures, 3 nephrectomy/heminephrectomies, and 1 Meckel’s diverticulectomy were performed. There was 1 wound infection. No incisional hernias occurred. Discussion. We believe that our technique, which maintains the integrity of the umbilical ring and allows preservation of the umbilical profile, offers a distinct cosmetic advantage over other incisions for SILS which distort it. Conclusion. We have demonstrated the aesthetic benefits of utilising a superior umbilical-fold incision for SILS in children.

  9. A Semicircular Incision in the Superior Umbilical Fold for SILS Preserves the Umbilical Profile.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blackburn, S C; Adams, S D; Mahomed, A A

    2012-01-01

    Background. Single Incision Laparoscopic Surgery (SILS) has been highlighted in the recent literature as a means of performing a range of common, minimal access, paediatric surgical procedures. The primary attraction is the absence of visible scarring. Aim. This study aims to describe a cosmetically advantageous means of SILS port placement in children, which preserves the umbilical profile. Methods. We describe a paediatric case series utilising a semicircular incision in the superior umbilical fold for SILS procedures. The linea alba is exposed over 2 cm just superior to the umbilical ring and stay sutures are applied. A vertical incision is made over this distance without entering the umbilical ring. Data were recorded prospectively in a Microsoft Excel database. Results. Twenty-one cases were performed in a 1-year period. Ten appendicectomies, 5 ovarian/paraovarian cystectomies, 2 Palomo procedures, 3 nephrectomy/heminephrectomies, and 1 Meckel's diverticulectomy were performed. There was 1 wound infection. No incisional hernias occurred. Discussion. We believe that our technique, which maintains the integrity of the umbilical ring and allows preservation of the umbilical profile, offers a distinct cosmetic advantage over other incisions for SILS which distort it. Conclusion. We have demonstrated the aesthetic benefits of utilising a superior umbilical-fold incision for SILS in children.

  10. Single Incision Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy vs Conventional Cholecystectomy in Developing Country

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P B Thapa

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Use of laparoscopic surgery has demanded principles of less trauma of access hence less scar and so probably less complications. Hence conventional laparoscopic surgeries were tried with natural orifice transluminal surgery (NOTES and then single incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS. With refinement in instruments and surgeons skills SILS have bridged up between conventional and NOTES in order to quench the desire of less or no scar at all. METHODS: Comparative case control study between conventional laparoscopic cholecystectomy and SILS in public teaching hospital. RESULTS: Total 20 patients underwent SILS cholecystectomy and 20 underwent conventional cholecystectomy and found that no difference between both in terms of post operative pain score, hospital stay and post operative wound infection except significant difference in mean operative time and patient's level of satisfaction was less in patient with SILC if were subjected to pay for instruments in order to maintain cosmesis. CONCLUSIONS: Though SILS have gained rapid acceptance in surgical fraternity, large number of randomized controlled trials are necessary to show its benefit over conventional laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Keywords: cholecystectomy, conventional, laparoscopy, single incision, surgery

  11. Muscle sparing lateral thoracotomy: the standard incision for thoracic procedures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mihai Dumitrescu

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Lateral thoracotomy is a versatile approach with many variations and is currently the most widely used incision in thoracic surgery. In the current article we are presenting the muscle-sparing lateral thoracotomy in the lateral decubitus position which we consider to be the “standard” for lateral thoracotomies. Indications, surgical technique and pitfalls are described alongside our experience with thoracic drainage. Although there is no consensus regarding the name of this incision, some authors call it “axillary thoracotomy” while others call it a “modified lateral thoracotomy”, they all agree on one aspect – the importance of muscle sparing – which makes it the go-to thoracotomy for both small and large procedures involving the lung. Lateral muscle sparing thoracotomy allows for good exposure of the pulmonary hilum, fissures, apex and diaphragm. The approach is easy and quick to perform while at the same time ensuring faster postoperative recovery by sparing the latissimus dorsi muscle, better cosmetics and lower postoperative pain score when compared to the posterolateral or classical lateral thoracotomies.

  12. Single incision laparoscopic liver resection (SILL – a systematic review

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    Benzing, Christian

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: Today, minimally invasive liver resections for both benign and malignant tumors are routinely performed. Recently, some authors have described single incision laparoscopic liver resection (SILL procedures. Since SILL is a relatively young branch of laparoscopy, we performed a systematic review of the current literature to collect data on feasibility, perioperative results and oncological outcome.Methods: A literature research was performed on Medline for all studies that met the eligibility criteria. Titles and abstracts were screened by two authors independently. A study was included for review if consensus was obtained by discussion between the authors on the basis of predefined inclusion criteria. A thorough quality assessment of all included studies was performed. Data were analyzed and tabulated according to predefined outcome measures. Synthesis of the results was achieved by narrative review. Results: A total of 15 eligible studies were identified among which there was one prospective cohort study and one randomized controlled trial comparing SILL to multi incision laparoscopic liver resection (MILL. The rest were retrospective case series with a maximum of 24 patients. All studies demonstrated convincing results with regards to feasibility, morbidity and mortality. The rate of wound complications and incisional hernia was low. The cosmetic results were good.Conclusions: This is the first systematic review on SILL including prospective trials. The results of the existing studies reporting on SILL are favorable. However, a large body of scientific evidence on the field of SILL is missing, further randomized controlled studies are urgently needed.

  13. A critical evaluation of subtalar joint arthrosis associated with middle facet talocalcaneal coalition in 21 surgically managed patients: a retrospective computed tomography review. Investigations involving middle facet coalitions-part III.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kernbach, Klaus J; Barkan, Howard; Blitz, Neal M

    2010-01-01

    Symptomatic middle facet talocalcaneal coalition is frequently associated with rearfoot arthrosis that is often managed surgically with rearfoot fusion. However, no objective method for classifying the extent of subtalar joint arthrosis exists. No study has clearly identified the extent of posterior facet arthrosis present in a large cohort treated surgically for talocalcaneal coalition through preoperative computerized axial tomography. The authors conducted a retrospective review of 21 patients (35 feet) with coalition who were surgically treated over a 12-year period for coalition on at least 1 foot. Using a predefined original staging system, the extent of the arthrosis was categorized into normal or mild (Stage I), moderate (Stage II), and severe (Stage III) arthrosis. The association of stage and age is statistically significant. All of the feet with Stage III arthrosis had fibrous coalitions. No foot with osseous coalition had Stage III arthrosis. The distribution of arthrosis staging differs between fibrous and osseous coalitions. Only fibrous coalitions had the most advanced arthrosis (Stage III), whereas osseous coalitions did not. This suggests that osseous coalitions may have a protective effect in the prevention of severe degeneration of the subtalar joint. Concomitant subtalar joint arthrosis severity progresses with age; surgeons may want to consider earlier surgical intervention to prevent arthrosis progression in patients with symptomatic middle facet talocalcaneal coalition.

  14. Complications of the surgical treatment early and tardy of supracondylar fractures of the humerus in children: a retrospective study of 111 patients treated at the Hospital Nacional de Ninos Carlos Saenz Herrera in the period January 2010 to January 2011

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zuniga Blanco, Adrian

    2012-01-01

    Supracondylar fractures of the humerus up much of the emergency consultation of any pediatric orthopedic service, of them, Gartland III fractures are usually treated by closed reduction and percutaneous fixation with nails smooth. Often treatment has been delayed by factors such as the unavailability of an orthopedic specialist or local anesthesia or an operating room. At other times, the patient has come belatedly to consult. This retrospective study has analyzed whether a delay greater than 12 hours in the surgical treatment of supracondylar fractures of the humerus in children is associated with an increased risk of perioperative complications. Of 111 children who have been treated surgical in national children's hospital, underwent 59 surgeries before 12 hours from the trauma and 52 underwent surgery after 12 hours of trauma. The groups have developed without significant differences in terms of iatrogenic neurological injury, tract infection of the nails, vascular complications and compartment syndrome. Surgical time and hospital stay neither have had differences. In 2 cases of the tardy treatment group has been necessary to perform a opened reduction. As for the bad union, 9 cases (8%) have been of elbow varus radiological and clinical, of these 5 cases (4.5%) have occurred in the tardy treatment group and 4 cases (3,5) in the group early treatment. Findings of similar studies are confirmed in which the rate of perioperative complications is significantly unchanged if the surgical treatment is carried out before 12 hours or after 12 hours after the trauma. (author) [es

  15. Implementation of surgical quality improvement: auditing tool for surgical site infection prevention practices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hechenbleikner, Elizabeth M; Hobson, Deborah B; Bennett, Jennifer L; Wick, Elizabeth C

    2015-01-01

    Surgical site infections are a potentially preventable patient harm. Emerging evidence suggests that the implementation of evidence-based process measures for infection reduction is highly variable. The purpose of this work was to develop an auditing tool to assess compliance with infection-related process measures and establish a system for identifying and addressing defects in measure implementation. This was a retrospective cohort study using electronic medical records. We used the auditing tool to assess compliance with 10 process measures in a sample of colorectal surgery patients with and without postoperative infections at an academic medical center (January 2012 to March 2013). We investigated 59 patients with surgical site infections and 49 patients without surgical site infections. First, overall compliance rates for the 10 process measures were compared between patients with infection vs patients without infection to assess if compliance was lower among patients with surgical site infections. Then, because of the burden of data collection, the tool was used exclusively to evaluate quarterly compliance rates among patients with infection. The results were reviewed, and the key factors contributing to noncompliance were identified and addressed. Ninety percent of process measures had lower compliance rates among patients with infection. Detailed review of infection cases identified many defects that improved following the implementation of system-level changes: correct cefotetan redosing (education of anesthesia personnel), temperature at surgical incision >36.0°C (flags used to identify patients for preoperative warming), and the use of preoperative mechanical bowel preparation with oral antibiotics (laxative solutions and antibiotics distributed in clinic before surgery). Quarterly compliance improved for 80% of process measures by the end of the study period. This study was conducted on a small surgical cohort within a select subspecialty. The

  16. Advantages of the modified double ring areolar incision over the traditional areolar incision in multicentric breast fibroadenoma surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Mingliang; Shen, Gongjin; Zhang, Song; Cui, Zhen; Qian, Jun

    2017-09-01

    This study was conducted to investigate the clinical advantages of modified double ring areola incision (MDRAI) compared to ordinary areola incision (OAI) in multicentric breast fibroadenoma in women. Sixty cases of multicentric benign breast tumor were recruited from the First Affiliated Hospital of Bengbu Medical College from January to December 2016. The cases were divided into two groups according to surgical approach: MDRAI (n = 20) and OAI (n = 40). The operation duration, intraoperative blood loss, drainage time, and postoperative recurrence rate in the first six months were compared. The mean age and tumor locations were not statistically different between the groups (P > 0.05). However, more lesions and larger tumor diameter were found in the MDRAI group than in the OAI group, with statistical difference (P  0.05). However, the intraoperative blood loss was statistically different between the two groups (P < 0.05). All 60 cases received six months of follow-up. Eight recurrent cases were found in the OAI group, but none in the MDRAI group. The recurrence rate was significantly different (χ 2  = 4.62, P < 0.05). Compared with OAI, MDRAI offers greater advantages in the aspects of blood loss and recurrence for the treatment of breast benign tumor, especially for multicentric larger lesions. © 2017 The Authors. Thoracic Cancer published by China Lung Oncology Group and John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd.

  17. Median sternotomy - gold standard incision for cardiac surgeons

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Radu Matache

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Sternotomy is the gold standard incision for cardiac surgeons but it is also used in thoracic surgery especially for mediastinal, tracheal and main stem bronchus surgery. The surgical technique is well established and identification of the correct anatomic landmarks, midline tissue preparation, osteotomy and bleeding control are important steps of the procedure. Correct sternal closure is vital for avoiding short- and long-term morbidity and mortality. The two sternal halves have to be well approximated to facilitate healing of the bone and to avoid instability, which is a risk factor for wound infection. New suture materials and techniques would be expected to be developed to further improve the patients evolution, in respect to both immediate postoperative period and long-term morbidity and mortality

  18. One-incision versus two-incision techniques for arthroscopically assisted anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction in adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rezende, Fernando C; Moraes, Vinícius Y; Franciozi, Carlos Es; Debieux, Pedro; Luzo, Marcus V; Belloti, João Carlos

    2017-12-15

    Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears are serious knee injuries that are frequently treated surgically in the form of arthroscopically assisted reconstruction with grafts from the patella or hamstrings tendons. We reviewed the evidence for the choice of arthroscopically assisted ACL reconstruction technique in terms of whether it should involve one incision (femoral tunnel drilled from inside the knee joint under arthroscopic visualisation) or two incisions (femoral tunnel drilled from outside to inside the knee joint). To assess the effects (benefits and harms) of one-incision versus two-incision techniques for arthroscopically assisted ACL reconstruction in adults. We searched the Cochrane Bone, Joint and Muscle Trauma Group Specialised Register, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, Embase, Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences (LILACS), the World Health Organization International Clinical Trials Registry Platform, ClinicalTrials.gov, reference lists, and conference abstracts. The date of the search was 16 August 2017. Randomised and quasi-randomised controlled clinical trials evaluating one-incision versus two-incision techniques for arthroscopically assisted ACL reconstruction in adults. Two review authors independently searched and selected studies, and extracted data and assessed the risk of bias of the eligible studies. We undertook limited pooling of data using the fixed-effect model. We included five trials (four randomised and one quasi-randomised) evaluating a total of 320 participants who were mainly in their 20s. All participants underwent ACL reconstruction with patella tendon grafts. All five included trials were at a high risk of bias, particularly performance bias. Based on these limitations and the insufficiency of the available data resulting in imprecision of effect estimates, we judged the quality of the evidence as very low for all outcomes. This means that we are uncertain of the findings of the

  19. Small Incision Cataract Surgery (SICS with Clear Corneal Incision and SICS with Scleral Incision – A Comparative Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Md Shafiqul Alam

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Age related cataract is the leading cause of blindness and visual impairment throughout the world. With the advent of microsurgical facilities simple cataract extraction surgery has been replaced by small incision cataract surgery (SICS with posterior chamber intra ocular lens implant, which can be done either with clear corneal incision or scleral incision. Objective: To compare the post operative visual outcome in these two procedures of cataract surgery. Materials and method: This comparative study was carried out in the department of Ophthalmology, Delta Medical College & Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh, during the period of January 2010 to December 2012. Total 60 subjects indicated for age related cataract surgery irrespective of sex with the age range of 40-80 years with predefined inclusion and exclusion criteria were enrolled in the study. Subjects were randomly and equally distributed in 2 groups; Group A for SICS with clear corneal incision and group B for SICS with scleral incision. Post operative visual out come was evaluated by determining visual acuity and astigmatism in different occasions and was compared between groups. Statistical analysis was done by SPSS for windows version12. Results: The highest age incidence (43.3% was found between 61 to 70 years of age group. Among study subjects 40 were male and 20 were female. Preoperative visual acuity and astigmatism were evenly distributed between groups. Regarding postoperative unaided visual outcome, 6/12 or better visual acuity was found in 19.98% cases in group A and 39.6% cases in group B at 1st week. At 6th week 6/6 vision was found in 36.3% in Group A and 56.1% in Group B and 46.2% in group A and 66% in group B without and with correction respectively. With refractive correction, 6/6 vision was attained in 60% subjects of group A and 86.67% of group B at 8th week. Post operative visual acuity was statistically significant in all occasions. Postoperative astigmatism of

  20. Comparison of first-intention healing of carbon dioxide laser, 4.0-MHz radiosurgery, and scalpel incisions in ball pythons (Python regius).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hodshon, Rebecca T; Sura, Patricia A; Schumacher, Juergen P; Odoi, Agricola; Steeil, James C; Newkirk, Kim M

    2013-03-01

    To evaluate first-intention healing of CO(2) laser, 4.0-MHz radiowave radiosurgery (RWRS), and scalpel incisions in ball pythons (Python regius). 6 healthy adult ball pythons. A skin biopsy sample was collected, and 2-cm skin incisions (4/modality) were made in each snake under anesthesia and closed with surgical staples on day 0. Incision sites were grossly evaluated and scored daily. One skin biopsy sample per incision type per snake was obtained on days 2, 7, 14, and 30. Necrotic and fibroplastic tissue was measured in histologic sections; samples were assessed and scored for total inflammation, histologic response (based on the measurement of necrotic and fibroplastic tissues and total inflammation score), and other variables. Frequency distributions of gross and histologic variables associated with wound healing were calculated. Gross wound scores were significantly greater (indicating greater separation of wound edges) for laser incisions than for RWRS and scalpel incisions at all evaluated time points. Necrosis was significantly greater in laser and RWRS incisions than in scalpel incision sites on days 2 and 14 and days 2 and 7, respectively; fibroplasia was significantly greater in laser than in scalpel incision sites on day 30. Histologic response scores were significantly lower for scalpel than for other incision modalities on days 2, 14, and 30. In snakes, skin incisions made with a scalpel generally had less necrotic tissue than did CO(2) laser and RWRS incisions. Comparison of the 3 modalities on the basis of histologic response scores indicated that use of a scalpel was preferable, followed by RWRS and then laser.

  1. A Retrospective Study Comparing Tension-free Vaginal Tape and Transobturator Suburethral Tape for Surgical Treatment of Female Stress Urinary Incontinence — A Preliminary Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ching-Hwa Yang

    2007-12-01

    Conclusion: There appears to be equal efficacy between TVT and TVT-O for the surgical treatment of female SUI, but operative time was significantly shorter in the TVT-O group because intraoperative cystoscopic check-up is not required.

  2. A retrospective analysis of the risk factors for surgical site infections and long-term follow-up after transpalpebral enucleation in horses

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Huppes, Tsjester; Hermans, Hanneke; Ensink, Jos M

    2017-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Implants are often used to improve the cosmetic appearance of horses after enucleation of the eye. When surgical site infection (SSI) occurs, the implant will almost always be lost. The aim of this study is to collect data on the risk factors for SSIs and report long-term follow-up

  3. Assessment of radiographic factors affecting surgical exposure and orthodontic alignment of impacted canines of the palate: a 15-year retrospective study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Motamedi, Mohammad Hosein Kalantar; Tabatabaie, Fataneh Alavi; Navi, Fina; Shafeie, Hasan Ali; Fard, Behnam Khosravani; Hayati, Zahra

    2009-06-01

    Impacted canines require a combination of both surgical and orthodontic management. In this study, patients treated for bone-impacted canines of the hard palatal were evaluated to assess which radiographic factors influenced the feasibility to move impacted maxillary permanent canines from the hard palate into the alveolar arch. Eighty patients aged 12 to 24 (average 16 years) were treated surgically and orthodontically to align 146 bone-impacted canines of the hard palate (from 1994 to 2008). Factors such as age, sex, angulation of the canine to the midline (CAM), anomaly of the canine root (RA), overlap of the adjacent lateral incisor root (OALIR), and ratio of root formation (RRF) upon treatment were documented. Radiographic records and demographic data were assessed. The following radiographic measurements of canine position were made from the orthopantomogram (OPG): (1) angulation to the midline, (2) anteroposterior position of the root, (3) overlap of the adjacent incisor. RA or dilaceration was assessed from the OPG, maxillary occlusal (MO), and periapical (PA) radiographs. Whether the impacted canine had responded to surgical exposure and was orthodontically aligned, or surgically removed and discarded was also recorded. The data were analyzed to assess and correlate significance. Eighty patients aged 12 to 24 (19 males and 61 females) with 146 bone-impacted permanent canines of the hard palatal were treated. One hundred and three teeth (70.54%) had responded to surgical exposure and orthodontic alignment within 9 to 12 months. Forty-three impacted canine teeth (29.46%) had to be surgically removed because of ankylosis and no movement after 8 to 9 months using 50 to 60 g of traction force via elastic chains. Data analysis via chi-square and Pearson correlation tests showed that as the CAM increased (> 45 degrees), the canine was more likely to be unresponsive to treatment (P half the root) of the adjacent lateral incisor root (OALIR) via the canine crown

  4. DOES TUBULARIZED INCISED PLATE URETHROPLASTY FIT ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Objective To evaluate prospectively our experience using tubularized incised plate (TIP) urethroplasty in primary and repeat penile shaft hypospadias. Patients and Methods Thirty-two boys with penile shaft hypospadias were selected to undergo TIP procedure. Their age ranged from 22 months to 9 years. Twenty-two cases ...

  5. Variation in cancer surgical outcomes associated with physician and nurse staffing: a retrospective observational study using the Japanese Diagnosis Procedure Combination Database

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yasunaga Hideo

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Little is known about the effects of professional staffing on cancer surgical outcomes. The present study aimed to investigate the association between cancer surgical outcomes and physician/nurse staffing in relation to hospital volume. Methods We analyzed 131,394 patients undergoing lung lobectomy, esophagectomy, gastrectomy, colorectal surgery, hepatectomy or pancreatectomy for cancer between July and December, 2007–2008, using the Japanese Diagnosis Procedure Combination database linked to the Survey of Medical Institutions data. Physician-to-bed ratio (PBR and nurse-to-bed ratio (NBR were determined for each hospital. Hospital volume was categorized into low, medium and high for each of six cancer surgeries. Failure to rescue (FTR was defined as a proportion of inhospital deaths among those with postoperative complications. Multi-level logistic regression analysis was performed to examine the association between physician/nurse staffing and FTR, adjusting for patient characteristics and hospital volume. Results Overall inhospital mortality was 1.8%, postoperative complication rate was 15.2%, and FTR rate was 11.9%. After adjustment for hospital volume, FTR rate in the group with high PBR (≥19.7 physicians per 100 beds and high NBR (≥77.0 nurses per 100 beds was significantly lower than that in the group with low PBR ( Conclusions Well-staffed hospitals confer a benefit for cancer surgical patients regarding reduced FTR, irrespective of hospital volume. These results suggest that consolidation of surgical centers linked with migration of medical professionals may improve the quality of cancer surgical management.

  6. 21 CFR 878.4370 - Surgical drape and drape accessories.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... natural or synthetic materials intended to be used as a protective patient covering, such as to isolate a... protector that may adhere to the skin around a surgical incision or be placed in a wound to cover its...

  7. Comparison of three suture techniques in closure of caprine skin incision: cosmetic and cost considerations

    OpenAIRE

    Adamu Abdul Abubakar; John Bayo Adeyanju; Raphael O. Chukudi Kene; Mohammad Legbo Sonfada; Abubakar Sadiq Yakubu; Umaru Adamu

    2012-01-01

    The cosmetic and economic evaluations of three suture techniques were evaluated in closure of caprine skin incision. Fifteen apparently healthy male and female intact goats, free of any dermatological lesions were used for the investigation. They were randomly grouped into three; A (Subcuticular); B (Ford interlocking) and C (Simple interrupted). Cosmetic appearance of the surgical site was assessed on day 7, 14 and 21 post surgery using standard procedure as described by Sakka et al, 1995...

  8. Preputial reconstruction and tubularized incised plate urethroplasty in proximal hypospadias with ventral penile curvature

    OpenAIRE

    Bhat, Amilal; Gandhi, Ajay; Saxena, Gajendra; Choudhary, Gautam Ram

    2010-01-01

    Aims : Objective of this study was to assess the feasibility and results of preputial reconstruction and tubularized incised plate urethroplasty (TIP) in patients of proximal hypospadias with ventral penile curvature. Materials and Methods : Twenty-seven patients of proximal hypospadias who underwent preputioplasty with TIP were evaluated retrospectively. Ventral curvature was corrected by mobilization of the urethral plate with the corpus spongiosum and the proximal urethra; dorsal plica...

  9. Complications of Supine Surgical Achilles Tendon Repair.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marcel, John J; Sage, Katherine; Guyton, Gregory P

    2018-02-01

    Open Achilles tendon surgery with the patient in the supine position potentially avoids the complications of the prone position, but the safety and viability of the supine position for this procedure are not known. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that supine positioning for open repair of acute Achilles tendon ruptures would be safe, with low wound and neurologic complication rates. Supine position safety in acute Achilles tendon repair was investigated. Consecutive cases of supine Achilles tendon surgical repair performed by one surgeon from 2010 to 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. Patients were included if they were surgically treated with primary repair in the supine position within 15 days of injury and did not undergo concomitant surgery. A paramedian incision 1 cm medial to the Achilles sheath was used. Initial chart review identified 161 patients who underwent any type of Achilles tendon surgery in the supine position, of whom 45 patients met the inclusion criteria. This group included 39 men and 6 women with an average age of 41 years (range, 20-66 years). Median length of follow-up was 116 days (range, 25-1,589 days). Average body mass index was 29 kg/m 2 (range, 23-36 kg/m 2 ). There were no infections, sural nerve injuries, or reruptures. The supine position was safe for primary open Achilles tendon repair, with no wound or neurologic complications. Level IV, Case Series.

  10. Is transurethral incision better than upper pole partial nephrectomy for management of duplex system ureterocoele diagnosed in the first year of life?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amr Hodhod

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To compare the outcomes of transurethral incision (TUI and upper pole partial nephrectomy (PN in patients with duplex system ureterocoele (DSU. Patients and methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical charts of patients who presented with DSU in the first-year of life and were managed with either TUI or PN. Patients’ demographics, ultrasonography examinations, voiding cystourethrogram studies, and dimercaptosuccinic acid scans were reviewed. Also, the postoperative vesico-ureteric reflux status and febrile urinary tract infection occurrences, and subsequent surgical interventions were identified. The outcomes for the DSU location (intravesical vs extravesical were compared. Results: Between January 1995 and September 2015, 44 patients underwent TUI (31 patients or PN (13. The TUI patients presented at a median age of 1.1 months and were followed-up for a median of 47.4 months, whilst those who underwent PN presented at a median age of 1.06 months and were followed-up for a median of 44.23 months. Postoperatively, in the TUI group, four of 15 units had improved renal function and 11 units had stable function. In the PN group, five of nine units had stable renal function and the remaining four had worsened function (P = 0.019. Furthermore, 15 of the 31 patients (48% in the TUI group required second interventions compared with one of 13 patients in the PN group (P = 0.01. There was no significant difference between the outcomes of intravesical and extravesical DSUs after TUI and PN. Conclusion: This study shows significant renal function preservation with TUI compared to PN. However, secondary surgical interventions were higher with TUI. Keywords: Ureterocoele, Duplex system, Nephrectomy, Transurethral incision

  11. Impacted Mandibular Third Molars: A Retrospective Study of 1198 Cases to Assess Indications for Surgical Removal, and Correlation with Age, Sex and Type of Impaction-A Single Institutional Experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patel, Shital; Mansuri, Saloni; Shaikh, Faizan; Shah, Taksh

    2017-03-01

    To study the incidence of mandibular third molar impaction in relation to type and side of impaction, age and sex of patients and indications for its surgical removal through data collected from a single institute over a period of 3 and half years. The records of 1198 patients who underwent the surgical removal of impacted mandibular third molars were reviewed retrospectively. Records were divided into groups according to sex, age, type and side of impaction. Radiographs were studied to determine angular position of impacted mandible third molar. We found that there was a high incidence of mesioangular lower third molar impaction (33.97 %), highest number of patients were found in 15-30 years of age group (48.33 %), a left side (56.93 %) was more commonly involved, female predominance (63.44 %) was observed and recurrent pericoronitis (33.81 %) was the most common indication. Awareness of the indications for surgical removal of impacted mandibular third molar to the patients will help to avoid future risk of complications and morbidity associated with the same. This will not only help in saving time and money but also prevents the psychological trauma associated with delayed treatment. Removal of only symptomatic IMTM seems to be the logical choice in view of financial constraint in developing countries like India but at the same time early removal offers freedom from future complications in selected cases. So surgeons should apply a meticulous approach in selecting the patients for SRIMTM.

  12. The value of three-dimensional photogrammetry in isolated sagittal synostosis: Impact of age and surgical technique on intracranial volume and cephalic index─a retrospective cohort study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mertens, Christian; Wessel, Eline; Berger, Moritz; Ristow, Oliver; Hoffmann, Jürgen; Kansy, Katinka; Freudlsperger, Christian; Bächli, Heidrun; Engel, Michael

    2017-12-01

    The aim of this study was to compare the outcome of intracranial volume (ICV) and cephalic index (CI) between two different techniques for surgical therapy of sagittal synostosis. Between 2011 and 2015, all patients scheduled for surgical therapy of sagittal synostosis were consecutively enrolled. All patients younger than 6 months underwent early extended strip craniectomy (ESC group), and patients older than 6 months underwent late modified pi-procedure (MPP group). To measure ICV and CI, data acquisition was performed via three-dimensional photogrammetry, 1 day before (T0) and between 10 and 12 weeks after surgery (T1). Results were compared with an age-matched reference group of healthy children. Perioperative parameters, as duration of surgery and the amount of blood loss of both surgical procedures were analyzed. A total of 85 patients were enrolled. Of the patients, 48 underwent an extended strip craniotomy with parietal osteotomies and biparietal widening and 37 patients underwent a late modified pi-procedure. There was no significant difference between the ESC group and the MPP group regarding the efficacy of improving CI (p > 0.05). Both techniques were able to normalize CI and to improve head shape. ICV was normal compared to age-matched norm-groups with both techniques, pre- and postoperatively. However, duration of the surgical procedure and calculated blood loss were significantly lower in the ESC group (p photogrammetry is a valid method to objectively evaluate patients before and after surgery without exposing pediatric patients to ionizing radiation. Copyright © 2017 European Association for Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  13. A 15-year retrospective analysis of the epidemiology and outcomes for elderly emergency general surgical admissions in the North East of England: A case for multidisciplinary geriatric input.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McLean, Ross C; McCallum, Iain J D; Dixon, Steve; O'Loughlin, Paul

    2016-04-01

    Life expectancies in the UK are increasing and with this there is an increasing elderly population with more complex co-morbidity. Emergency surgery in the elderly is challenging in terms of decision making, managing co-morbidity and post-operative rehabilitation with high morbidity and mortality. To optimise service design and development, it is important to understand the changing pattern of emergency surgical care for this group. After obtaining necessary approvals, we approached each hospital trust in the North of England for details of every emergency admission under a general surgeon from 2000 to 2014. Data for each admission included demographics, co-morbidities, diagnoses, procedures undertaken and outcomes. There were 105 002 elderly (≥70 years) emergency general surgical admissions, and mean age and co-morbidity (defined by Charlson index scores) increased (both p emergency general surgery in the elderly is becoming more complex. This challenge is already being addressed with improvements in outcomes. The data presented here reinforces the need for new models of care with increased multidisciplinary geriatric care input into elderly surgical patient care in the perioperative period. Copyright © 2016 IJS Publishing Group Limited. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  14. Combined use of ultrasound-assisted liposuction and limited-incision platysmaplasty for treatment of the aging neck

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rooijens, P.P.G.M.; Zweep, H.P.; Beekman, W.H.

    2008-01-01

    Background: Many techniques have been introduced for the surgical treatment of the aging neck. In this study the combination therapy of ultrasound-assisted liposuction and limited-incision platysmaplasty for cervicofacial rejuvenation is presented. Methods: Fifteen female patients (age = 43-75

  15. The effect of kidney morcellation on operative time, incision complications, and postoperative analgesia after laparoscopic nephrectomy

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    Affonso H. Camargo

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Compare the outcomes between kidney morcellation and two types of open specimen extraction incisions, several covariates need to be taken into consideration that have not yet been studied. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 153 consecutive patients who underwent laparoscopic nephrectomy at our institution, 107 who underwent specimen morcellation and 46 with intact specimen removal, either those with connected port sites with a muscle-cutting incision and those with a remote, muscle-splitting incision. Operative time, postoperative analgesia requirements, and incisional complications were evaluated using univariate and multivariate analysis, comparing variables such as patient age, gender, body mass index (BMI, laterality, benign versus cancerous renal conditions, estimated blood loss, specimen weight, overall complications, and length of stay. RESULTS: There was no significant difference for operative time between the 2 treatment groups (p = 0.65. Incision related complications occurred in 2 patients (4.4% from the intact specimen group but none in the morcellation group (p = 0.03. Overall narcotic requirement was lower in patients with morcellated (41 mg compared to intact specimen retrieval (66 mg on univariate (p = 0.03 and multivariate analysis (p = 0.049. Upon further stratification, however, there was no significant difference in mean narcotic requirement between the morcellation and muscle-splitting incision subgroup (p = 0.14. CONCLUSION: Morcellation does not extend operative time, and is associated with significantly less postoperative pain compared to intact specimen retrieval overall, although this is not statistically significant if a remote, muscle-splitting incision is made. Morcellation markedly reduces the risk of incisional-related complications.

  16. Comparison of the clinical outcomes of transobturator and single-incision slings for stress urinary incontinence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ling-Ying Wu

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to compare the clinical outcomes of anti-incontinence surgeries employing the transobturator sling and single-incision sling (SIS. Our hypothesis is that the outcome of the SIS is not inferior to the obturator sling. This retrospective study reviewed the medical records of patients who underwent anti-incontinence surgery with the transobturator sling or SIS from July 2005 to November 2014. Patients who underwent concomitant pelvic organ reconstruction with an artificial mesh were excluded. Assessments included preoperative and postoperative urodynamic examinations, perioperative complications, and postoperative urogenital symptoms. A total of 122 women were recruited according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Among them, 68 patients underwent transobturator sling procedures while 54 patients underwent SIS procedures. The subjective failure rate of the transobturator sling and SIS were 10.2% and 18.5%, respectively (p = 0.292. The objective failure rate, defined as a pad test showing more than 2 g of urine, was 10.2% for the transobturator sling and 12.9% for the SIS (p = 0.777. SIS resulted in less blood loss, operative time, length of hospital stay, and transient voiding dysfunction after the operation. No major complication occurred after either surgical intervention. In conclusion, SIS and transobturator slings might have similar efficacy, safety, and effects on new-onset urogenital symptoms.

  17. Factors affecting cataract surgical coverage and outcomes: a retrospective cross-sectional study of eye health systems in sub-Saharan Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewallen, Susan; Schmidt, Elena; Jolley, Emma; Lindfield, Robert; Dean, William H; Cook, Colin; Mathenge, Wanjiku; Courtright, Paul

    2015-06-30

    Recently there has been a great deal of new population based evidence on visual impairment generated in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), thanks to the Rapid Assessment of Avoidable Blindness (RAAB) survey methodology. The survey provides information on the magnitude and causes of visual impairment for planning services and measuring their impact on eye health in administrative "districts" of 0.5-5 million people. The survey results describing the quantity and quality of cataract surgeries vary widely between study sites, often with no obvious explanation. The purpose of this study was to examine health system characteristics that may be associated with cataract surgical coverage and outcomes in SSA in order to better understand the determinants of reducing the burden of avoidable blindness due to cataract. This was a descriptive study using secondary and primary data. The outcome variables were collected from existing surveys. Data on potential district level predictor variables were collected through a semi-structured tool using routine data and key informants where appropriate. Once collected the data were coded and analysed using statistical methods including t-tests, ANOVA and the Kruskal-Wallis analysis of variance test. Higher cataract surgical coverage was positively associated with having at least one fixed surgical facility in the area; availability of a dedicated operating theatre; the number of surgeons per million population; and having an eye department manager in the facility. Variables that were associated with better outcomes included having biometry and having an eye department manager in the facility. There are a number of health system factors at the district level that seem to be associated with both cataract surgical coverage and post-operative visual acuity outcomes. This study highlights the needs for better indicators and tools by which to measure and monitor the performance of eye health systems at the district level. It is unlikely that

  18. Drainage basins and channel incision on Mars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aharonson, Oded; Zuber, Maria T.; Rothman, Daniel H.; Schorghofer, Norbert; Whipple, Kelin X.

    2002-02-01

    Measurements acquired by the Mars Orbiter Laser Altimeter on board the Mars Global Surveyor indicate that large drainage systems on Mars have geomorphic characteristics inconsistent with prolonged erosion by surface runoff. We find the topography has not evolved to an expected equilibrium terrain form, even in areas where runoff incision has been previously interpreted. By analogy with terrestrial examples, groundwater sapping may have played an important role in the incision. Longitudinally flat floor segments may provide a direct indication of lithologic layers in the bedrock, altering subsurface hydrology. However, it is unlikely that floor levels are entirely due to inherited structures due to their planar cross-cutting relations. These conclusions are based on previously unavailable observations, including extensive piece-wise linear longitudinal profiles, frequent knickpoints, hanging valleys, and small basin concavity exponents.

  19. Role of Algorithm-Based Levator Aponeurectomy in Small-Incision External Ptosis Surgery for Involutional Ptosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Repp, Daniel J; Rubinstein, Tal J; Sires, Bryan S

    2017-12-01

    External surgical treatment of involutional ptosis with normal levator function is challenging owing to lack of an established algorithm. Developing an algorithm-based technique could improve postoperative results while limiting intraoperative inefficiencies. To investigate the postoperative success of an algorithmic external levator aponeurosis resection technique for aponeurotic ptosis with good levator function. This retrospective cohort study included patients with involutional ptosis and normal levator function who were treated from July 1, 2015, through November 30, 2016, at a private ophthalmic plastic surgery clinic. The technique involved a small incision in the eyelid crease, with dissection through the orbital septum to expose the levator aponeurosis. The leading edge of the aponeurosis was then clamped to a medical-grade spring scale to standardize the stress on the eyelid between patients. Two millimeters of aponeurosis were resected for every 1 mm of desired ptosis correction. Two sutures were then placed to connect the aponeurosis to the tarsus at predetermined locations. Preoperative predicted (goal) vs actual margin reflex distance-1 (MRD1). Twenty-six eyelids of 15 patients (6 men and 9 women; mean [SD] age, 65 years [range, 17-84 years]) met inclusion criteria. The mean follow-up was 189 days (range, 63-343 days). The mean preoperative MRD1 was 0.44 mm (range, -0.5 to 2 mm; 95% CI, 0.18-0.70 mm) compared with the final mean MRD1 of 3.2 mm (range, 2.5-4.0 mm; 95% CI, 3.1-3.4 mm; P MRD1 was 3.4 mm (range, 2.5-4.0 mm; 95% CI, 3.2-3.5 mm). The final MRD1 of all eyelids was within 1 mm of the goal MRD1. The mean surgical time per eyelid was 14.6 minutes (range, 10.5-34.0 minutes). Twelve eyelids (46%) did not have intraoperative suture adjustments. In correcting aponeurotic ptosis, a small-incision levator aponeurectomy incorporating an algorithm and consistent stress on the aponeurosis during resection achieves the goal MRD1 efficiently. The

  20. European Hernia Society guidelines on the closure of abdominal wall incisions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muysoms, F E; Antoniou, S A; Bury, K; Campanelli, G; Conze, J; Cuccurullo, D; de Beaux, A C; Deerenberg, E B; East, B; Fortelny, R H; Gillion, J-F; Henriksen, N A; Israelsson, L; Jairam, A; Jänes, A; Jeekel, J; López-Cano, M; Miserez, M; Morales-Conde, S; Sanders, D L; Simons, M P; Śmietański, M; Venclauskas, L; Berrevoet, F

    2015-02-01

    The material and the surgical technique used to close an abdominal wall incision are important determinants of the risk of developing an incisional hernia. Optimising closure of abdominal wall incisions holds a potential to prevent patients suffering from incisional hernias and for important costs savings in health care. The European Hernia Society formed a Guidelines Development Group to provide guidelines for all surgical specialists who perform abdominal incisions in adult patients on the materials and methods used to close the abdominal wall. The guidelines were developed using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) approach and methodological guidance was taken from Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (SIGN). The literature search included publications up to April 2014. The guidelines were written using the AGREE II instrument. An update of these guidelines is planned for 2017. For many of the Key Questions that were studied no high quality data was detected. Therefore, some strong recommendations could be made but, for many Key Questions only weak recommendations or no recommendation could be made due to lack of sufficient evidence. To decrease the incidence of incisional hernias it is strongly recommended to utilise a non-midline approach to a laparotomy whenever possible. For elective midline incisions, it is strongly recommended to perform a continuous suturing technique and to avoid the use of rapidly absorbable sutures. It is suggested using a slowly absorbable monofilament suture in a single layer aponeurotic closure technique without separate closure of the peritoneum. A small bites technique with a suture to wound length (SL/WL) ratio at least 4/1 is the current recommended method of fascial closure. Currently, no recommendations can be given on the optimal technique to close emergency laparotomy incisions. Prophylactic mesh augmentation appears effective and safe and can be suggested in high

  1. Safety and feasibility of single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy in obese patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Masaki Wakasugi

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Current literature frequently indicates that experienced laparoscopic surgeons can safely perform single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy, but there have been few reports evaluating the feasibility and safety of performing single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy for obese patients. Therefore, a large single-center database was retrospectively reviewed to evaluate the feasibility and safety of single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy for obese patients by comparing the outcomes of normal-weight and obese patients undergoing single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy.A retrospective analysis of 608 patients undergoing SILC between May 2009 and May 2015 at Osaka Police Hospital was performed, and the outcomes of obese [body mass index (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2] and normal-weight patients (18.5 ≤ BMI < 25 kg/m2 were compared.Thirty-eight obese patients (mean BMI 32.5 kg/m2 were compared to 362 normal-weight patients (mean BMI 22.0 kg/m2. The American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA scores of the obese patients were significantly higher than those of normal-weight patients. The mean operative times in the normal-weight and the obese groups were 110 min vs. 127 min, respectively (p < 0.05. There were no significant differences in the bleeding volume and the conversion rate to a different operative procedure. Perioperative complications were seen in 6% (23/362 of the patients in the normal-weight group and 8% (3/38 of the patients in the obese group (p = 0.7. The mean postoperative hospital stay was 4.5 days for the normal-weight group and 4.4 days for the obese group (p = 0.8.Single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy, which offers good cosmetic outcomes, seems feasible and safe in obese patients.•Single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy offers good cosmetic outcomes.•Single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy seems feasible and safe in obese patients.

  2. Endoscope-assisted intraoral removal of the thyroid isthmus mass using a frenotomy incision.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woo, Seung Hoon

    2013-09-01

    A thyroid isthmus nodule is a relatively rare condition. A small number of patients will present with thyroid mass isolated at the thyroid isthmus, which can cause discomfort in swallowing and cosmetic problems. Thus, some patients choose to have these nodules excised. The surgical removal of the thyroid isthmus mass is usually accomplished through an external incision of the neck. However, this procedure inevitably results in a neck scar. We report a case of an 18-year-old woman with a thyroid isthmus mass. We implemented a modified approach for the removal of the thyroid isthmus mass by using a frenotomy incision of the mouth, accompanied by an endoscope system. A modified approach for the removal of the thyroid isthmus mass was used on the patient. The total operating time was 70 minutes. The patient continues to be free of any diseases 12 months after the excision. Resection of the thyroid isthmus mass can be performed by an intraoral endoscope-assisted approach through a frenotomy incision of the mouth. We described the detailed procedures for an endoscope-assisted transoral thyroid isthmus mass excision using a frenotomy incision.

  3. Intraoral removal of a thyroglossal duct cyst using a frenotomy incision.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Jin Pyeong; Park, Jung Je; Lee, Eun Jae; Woo, Seung Hoon

    2011-12-01

    Thyroglossal duct cyst (TGDC) is one of the most common causes of anterior neck swelling close to the midline. Surgical removal of a TGDC is usually accomplished through an external neck incision, including the removal of the middle part of hyoid bone and a block of tissues extending to the foramen cecum. However, this procedure inevitably results in a neck scar. We report the case of a 20-year-old woman with TGDC. We implemented a modified approach to TGDC removal through a frenotomy incision of the mouth using an endoscope system. The patient received a modified approach to TGDC removal. The total operative time was 60 minutes. She remains free of disease 12 months after her surgery. We describe, in a single patient, a procedure in detail for endoscope-assisted transoral TGDC excision using an intraoral frenotomy incision. The advantage of this approach is the avoidance of a neck scar. Our experience with this patient indicates that resection of a TGDC appears to be feasible through a transoral endoscope-assisted approach using a frenotomy incision in the mouth. Further experience with this procedure is required.

  4. The Evolution of the Appendectomy: From Open to Laparoscopic to Single Incision

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Noah J. Switzer

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Beginning with its initial description by Fitz in the 19th century, acute appendicitis has been a significant long-standing medical challenge; today it remains the most common gastrointestinal emergency in adults. Already in 1894, McBurney advocated for the surgical removal of the inflamed appendix and is credited with the initial description of an Open Appendectomy (OA. With the introduction of minimally invasive surgery, this classic approach evolved into a procedure with multiple, smaller incisions; a technique termed Laparoscopic Appendectomy (LA. There is much literature describing the advantages of this newer approach. To name a few, patients have significantly less wound infections, reduced pain, and a reduction in ileus compared with the OA. In the past few years, Single Incision Laparoscopic Appendectomy (SILA has gained popularity as the next major evolutionary advancement in the removal of the appendix. Described as a pioneer in the era of “scarless surgery,” it involves only one transumbilical incision. Patients are postulated to have reduced post-operative complications such as infection, hernias, and hematomas, as well as a quicker recovery time and less post-operative pain scores, in comparison to its predecessors. In this review, we explore the advancement of the appendectomy from open to laparoscopic to single incision.

  5. Outcomes of single-stage total arch replacement via clamshell incision

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ishizaka Toru

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Treatment of complex aortic pathologies involving the transverse arch with extensive involvement of the descending aorta remains a surgical challenge. Since clamshell incision provides superior exposure of the entire thoracic aorta, we evaluated the use of this technique for single-stage total arch replacement by arch vessel reconstruction. Methods The arch-first technique combined with clamshell incision was used in 38 cases of aneurysm and aortic disease in 2008 and 2009. Extensive total arch replacement was used with clamshell incision for reconstruction of arch vessels under deep hypothermic circulatory arrest. Results Overall 30-day mortality was 13%. The mean operating time was approximately 8 hours. Deep hypothermia resulted in mean CPB time exceeding 4.5 hours and mean duration of circulatory arrest was 25 minutes. The overall postoperative temporary and permanent neurologic dysfunction rates were 3% and 3% for elective and 3% and 0% for emergency surgery, respectively. All patients except the five who died in hospital were discharged without nursing care after an average post-operative hospital stay of 35 days. Conclusions The arch-first technique, combined with clamshell incision, provides expeditious replacement of the thoracic aorta with an acceptable duration of hypothermic circulatory arrest and minimizes the risk of retrograde atheroembolism by using antegrade perfusion.

  6. Single-incision sleeve gastrectomy versus conventional laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy--a randomised pilot study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lakdawala, Muffazal A; Muda, Nor Hisham; Goel, Sunita; Bhasker, Aparna

    2011-11-01

    This is a prospective pilot study done to evaluate the feasibility and to assess the outcomes and complication rates of the single-incision sleeve gastrectomy versus the conventional five-port laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy. A prospective comparative analysis was done of 50 patients in each arm who underwent laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy and single-incision sleeve gastrectomy from September 2009 until April 2010. Both groups were matched for age, gender and BMI and were then randomly assigned to either group. Postoperative pain scoring was done using the visual analogue scale. Postoperative outcomes in terms of pain scores, excess weight loss, resolution of comorbidities and complication rates were compared in both groups, at the end of 6 months. Operating times in both groups were comparable with experience. Intraoperative blood loss was similar in both groups. VAS scoring revealed lesser postoperative pain after the first 8 h in the single-incision group as compared to the laparoscopy group-P < 0.0001. At 6 months, excess weight loss and resolution of comorbidities were comparable in both groups. There were no major complications or mortalities in either group. Single-incision laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy is a feasible surgical procedure for morbid obesity in selected individuals. When compared to conventional laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy, it has equally effective weight loss and resolution of comorbidities. It also has the added benefits of little or no visible scarring and reduced postoperative pain.

  7. Computed tomography contrast media extravasation: treatment algorithm and immediate treatment by squeezing with multiple slit incisions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Sue Min; Cook, Kyung Hoon; Lee, Il Jae; Park, Dong Ha; Park, Myong Chul

    2017-04-01

    In our hospital, an adverse event reporting system was initiated that alerts the plastic surgery department immediately after suspecting contrast media extravasation injury. This system is particularly important for a large volume of extravasation during power injector use. Between March 2011 and May 2015, a retrospective chart review was performed on all patients experiencing contrast media extravasation while being treated at our hospital. Immediate treatment by squeezing with multiple slit incisions was conducted for a portion of these patients. Eighty cases of extravasation were reported from approximately 218 000 computed tomography scans. The expected extravasation volume was larger than 50 ml, or severe pressure was felt on the affected limb in 23 patients. They were treated with multiple slit incisions followed by squeezing. Oedema of the affected limb disappeared after 1-2 hours after treatment, and the skin incisions healed within a week. We propose a set of guidelines for the initial management of contrast media extravasation injuries for a timely intervention. For large-volume extravasation cases, immediate management with multiple slit incisions is safe and effective in reducing the swelling quickly, preventing patient discomfort and decreasing skin and soft tissue problems. © 2016 Medicalhelplines.com Inc and John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  8. Carpal tunnel release using the radial sided approach compared with the two-incision approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calleja, Henry; Tsai, Tsu-Min; Kaufman, Christina

    2014-01-01

    We compared carpal tunnel release using a radial sided approach (RCTR) with a two-incision approach with regards to complications, grip strength, and functional outcomes. Retrospective chart review was done and data was collected pre-operatively, and post-operatively at six weeks and three months. A total of 32 and 26 patients were included in the two-incision and RCTR groups respectively. At six weeks, the RCTR group showed an increased grip strength (+32.24%) while the two-incision group was weaker (-6.75%). Both groups showed an increased strength at three months, RCTR at 98.4% while the two-incision group was significantly lower at 38.6% increase. Both techniques provided improvement in outcome scores, with no statistical difference. RCTR was associated with a significantly earlier return of grip strength and had better grip strength at six weeks and three months post-operatively. Both techniques provided symptom relief and good functional outcome.

  9. Full-Thickness Retinochoroidal Incision in the Management of Central Retinal Vein Occlusion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    San-Ni Chen

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose. To evaluate the clinical outcomes in patients with central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO treated with full-thickness retinochoroidal incisions and to compare whether there is difference in treatment response in ischemic and nonischemic CRVO. Methods. Retrospective study of patients of CRVO receiving full-thickness retinochoroidal incisions in Changhua Christian Hospital. Fluorescein angiography (FA, slit-lamp biomicroscopy, indirect funduscopy, best corrected visual acuity, and central macular thickness (CMT measured by optical coherence tomography were performed pre- and postoperatively. Patients were divided into an ischemic and nonischemic group according to the findings of FA. Patients were followed up for at least 1 year. Results. Twenty-eight eyes (14 ischemic and 14 nonischemic CRVO were included. Functional retinochoroidal venous anastomosis (RCVA was achieved in 48 of the 65 retinochoroidal incisions (73.8%. Central macular thickness (CMT and retinal hemorrhage decreased significantly after the surgery. Significant visual gain was observed postoperatively in the nonischemic group, but not in the ischemic group. Postoperative complications included vitreous hemorrhage (17.8%, neovascular glaucoma (7.1%, and preretinal fibrovasular membrane (10.7%, all of which were in the ischemic group. Conclusions. RCVA formation induced by retinochoroidal incisions could improve venous flow, and decrease CMT and retinal hemorrhage. However, only eyes with nonischemic CRVO showed visual improvement.

  10. Outcomes of minimally invasive lung transplantation in a single centre: the routine approach for the future or do we still need clamshell incision?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marczin, Nandor; Popov, Aron-Frederik; Zych, Bartlomiej; Romano, Rosalba; Kiss, Rudolf; Sabashnikov, Anton; Soresi, Simona; De Robertis, Fabio; Bahrami, Toufan; Amrani, Mohamed; Weymann, Alexander; McDermott, Grainne; Krueger, Heike; Carby, Martin; Dalal, Paras; Simon, André Ruediger

    2016-05-01

    Minimally invasive lung transplantation (MILT) via bilateral anterior thoracotomies has emerged as a novel surgical strategy with potential patient benefits when compared with transverse thoracosternotomy (clamshell incision, CS). The aim of this study is to compare MILT with CS by focusing on operative characteristics, postoperative organ function and support and mid-term clinical outcomes at Harefield Hospital. It was a retrospective observational study evaluating all bilateral sequential lung transplants between April 2010 and November 2013. CS was performed in 124 patients and MILT in 70 patients. Skin-to-skin surgical time was less in the MILT group [285 (265, 339) min] compared with CS [380 (306, 565) min] and MILT-cardiopulmonary bypass [426 (360, 478) min]. Ischaemic time was significantly longer (502 ± 116 vs 395 ± 145 min) in the MILT group compared with CS (P mechanical ventilation was shorter (26 vs 44 h, P benefits compared with our traditional approach of clamshell operations. These observations warrant larger definite studies to further evaluate the impact of MILT on physiological, clinical and patient-reported outcomes. © The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery. All rights reserved.

  11. A retrospective study of chronic post-surgical pain following thoracic surgery: prevalence, risk factors, incidence of neuropathic component, and impact on qualify of life.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhiyou Peng

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Thoracic surgeries including thoracotomy and VATS are some of the highest risk procedures that often lead to CPSP, with or without a neuropathic component. This retrospective study aims to determine retrospectively the prevalence of CPSP following thoracic surgery, its predicting risk factors, the incidence of neuropathic component, and its impact on quality of life. METHODS: Patients who underwent thoracic surgeries including thoracotomy and VATS between 01/2010 and 12/2011 at the First Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University were first contacted and screened for CPSP following thoracic surgery via phone interview. Patients who developed CPSP were then mailed with a battery of questionnaires, including a questionnaire referenced to Maguire's research, a validated Chinese version of the ID pain questionnaire, and a SF-36 Health Survey. Logistic regression analyses were subsequently performed to identify risk factors for CPSP following thoracic surgery and its neuropathic component. RESULTS: The point prevalence of CPSP following thoracic surgery was 24.9% (320/1284 patients, and the point prevalence of neuropathic component of CPSP was 32.5% (86/265 patients. CPSP following thoracic surgery did not improve significantly with time. Multiple predictive factors were identified for CPSP following thoracic surgery, including age<60 years old, female gender, prolonged duration of post-operative chest tube drainage (≥ 4 days, options of post-operative pain management, and pre-existing hypertension. Furthermore, patients who experienced CPSP following thoracic surgery were found to have significantly decreased physical function and worse quality of life, especially those with neuropathic component. CONCLUSIONS: Our study demonstrated that nearly 1 out of 4 patients underwent thoracic surgery might develop CPSP, and one third of them accompanied with a neuropathic component. Early prevention as well as aggressive

  12. Surgical results of long posterior fixation with short fusion in the treatment of pyogenic spondylodiscitis of the thoracic and lumbar spine: a retrospective study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Chin-Pei; Ma, Hsiao-Li; Wang, Shih-Tien; Liu, Chien-Lin; Yu, Wing-Kwong; Chang, Ming-Chau

    2012-12-01

    A single-institution, single-surgeon retrospective review. To evaluate the clinical results of long posterior instrumentation with short posterior or posterolateral fusion for pyogenic spondylodiscitis of the thoracic and lumbar spine retrospectively. There are controversies concerning the optimal treatment for pyogenic spondylodiscitis, in terms of approach, grafting, and instrumentation. Reports of long posterior fixation with short fusion without debridement of infected tissue for pyogenic spondylodiscitis are rare. From June 1997 to June 2007, 48 patients with pyogenic spondylodiscitis were treated. The indications for surgery were neurological compromise, significant vertebral body destruction with kyphosis and segmental instability, failure of medical treatment, and the need for tissue diagnosis. All patients received long posterior instrumentation with or without posterior decompression, depending on whether the patients had neurological deficit. During operation, no debridement of infected tissue was done. Clinical outcomes were assessed using the criteria of Kirkaldy-Willis and the visual analogue scale for pain. The neurological outcome was graded using Frankel grading system. Segmental kyphotic angle and fusion were recorded and analyzed. The average follow-up time was 64 months. The visual analogue scale scores improved from an average of 7.2 before surgery to 2.2 after surgery. Twenty-eight patients with initial neurological impairment had an average improvement of 1.03 grades, using the Frankel grading system, at the final follow-up. The segmental kyphotic deformity improved by an average of 8.5° immediately after operation and lost an average correction of 3.0° at the final follow-up. No relapse of infection was found among these 48 patients. The posterior approach with long segmental fixation and short posterior or posterolateral fusion without debridement of the infected tissue was effective for pyogenic spondylodiscitis of the thoracic and

  13. Objective and subjective outcome in 42 patients after treatment of sialolithiasis by transoral incision of Warthon's duct

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Juul, Marie Louise; Wagner, Niels

    2014-01-01

    In this retrospective follow-up study, we present the middle-term results of transoral removal of submandibular calculi by incision in the floor of the mouth together with a patient satisfaction survey. These results will be compared with those of international studies. This is an individual...... retrospective cohort follow-up study. Forty-two patients had salivary calculi removed by incision in the mouth in the period from August 2009 to July 2012 at the Ear-nose-throat department of the North Zealand Hospital, Hillerød, Denmark. A retrospective study was carried out, focusing on the effects...... of the surgery and on patient satisfaction. The patients completed a questionnaire and underwent an objective physical exam. We found a high success rate (93 %), high patient satisfaction (94 %) and a high number of patients with no symptoms (92 %). In 94 % of the patients the gland was preserved, and there were...

  14. Under the microscope: assessing surgical aptitude of otolaryngology residency applicants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carlson, Matthew L; Archibald, David J; Sorom, Abraham J; Moore, Eric J

    2010-06-01

    Application to otolaryngology residency is a highly competitive process. Programs identify the best candidates by evaluating academic performance in medical school, board scores, research experience, performance during an interview, and letters of recommendation. Unfortunately, none of these metrics completely assess an applicant's capacity to learn and perform surgical skills. We describe a direct assessment of an applicant's ability for rapid surgical skill acquisition, manual dexterity, and response to stress that can be performed during the interview process. A retrospective study at an academic otolaryngology residency program. After orientation, applicants were seated at a microsurgical training station and allotted 20 minutes to suture an incision using 10-0 nylon suture on a latex practice card. Their performance was graded using a 1-to-5 scoring system for the following categories: microscope use, respect for tissue, instrument handling, knot tying and suture control, skills acquisition, and attitude toward the exercise. Applicants were given some instruction and assessed on their ability to incorporate what they had learned into their technique. The average total applicant score was 23.2, standard deviation (SD) 3.6 (maximum 30); 13.4% of applicants scored 1 SD above the mean. The value of applicant screening tests in predicting surgical competency is controversial. We describe a direct assessment tool that may prove useful in identifying outliers, both high and low, to aid in final applicant ranking.

  15. A surgical glove port technique for laparoscopic-assisted ovariohysterectomy for pyometra in the bitch.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Becher-Deichsel, Anja; Aurich, Jörg E; Schrammel, Nadine; Dupré, Gilles

    2016-07-15

    The objective of the study was to describe the feasibility of a glove port technique for laparoscopic-assisted surgical treatment of canine pyometra. In this retrospective case series, a total of 10 female dogs (median age 7 years, range 5.5-10.5 years; median weight 37.0 kg, range 12.9-64.0 kg) with pyometra were included. A multiaccess port was created from a surgical glove attached to an Alexis wound retractor and placed in the ventral midline between the middle and caudal third of the distance between umbilicus and pubic rim. A vessel sealing device was used for transection of the ovarian pedicle. The port size was selected on the basis of maximum uterine diameter determined by ultrasound. Median incision length was 5.0 cm (range 3.1-7.7 cm) for a maximum uterine diameter of 4.0 cm (range 2.0-7.0 cm). Median surgical time was 57 minutes (range 48-65 minutes). No case had to be converted to open celiotomy. Complications included one case of minor, self-limiting splenic trauma by the endoscope. In eight dogs, the distended uterine horns endangered safe access to the ovarian pedicle, and the vessel sealing device was inserted through a second cannula placed periumbilically. Extension of the original incision was necessary to exteriorize organs in two dogs. All dogs recovered quickly and were discharged either on the day of surgery or 1 day thereafter. In conclusion, a surgical glove port technique in combination with an Alexis wound retractor is feasible for surgical laparoscopic treatment of canine pyometra up to a diameter of 7 cm. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. A Retrospective Case-Matched Cost Comparison of Surgical Treatment of Melanoma and Nonmelanoma Skin Cancer in the Outpatient Versus Operating Room Setting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Ryan P; Butala, Niraj; Alam, Murad; Lawrence, Naomi

    2017-07-01

    To date, no study has used authentic billing data in a case-control matched fashion to examine the cost of treating skin cancer in different settings. To compare the cost of surgical treatment of skin cancer in the outpatient versus operating room setting using matched cases based on patient and skin cancer characteristics. ICD-9 diagnosis codes for skin cancers were used to find patients who had a malignant excision current procedural terminology code in the operating room setting during 2010 to 2014. Patient and skin cancer characteristics were used to match cases to those treated as an outpatient. A total of 36 cases (18 operating room and 18 outpatient) had the required information and characteristics to be matched and analyzed for cost. Health status was determined using the American Society of Anesthesiologists anesthesia grading scale. No statistically significant differences were found in the age (p > 0.9) or American Society of Anesthesiologists scores (p > 0.6) of the outpatient and operating room cases. The median cost for outpatient cases was $1,745. For operating room cases, the median cost was $11,323. This was a statistically significant difference (p skin cancer compared with the operating room.

  17. Predictors of circumferential resection margin involvement in surgically resected rectal cancer: A retrospective review of 23,464 patients in the US National Cancer Database.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Sukhni, Eisar; Attwood, Kristopher; Gabriel, Emmanuel; Nurkin, Steven J

    2016-04-01

    The circumferential resection margin (CRM) is a key prognostic factor after rectal cancer resection. We sought to identify factors associated with CRM involvement (CRM+). A retrospective review was performed of the National Cancer Database, 2004-2011. Patients with rectal cancer who underwent radical resection and had a recorded CRM were included. Multivariable analysis of the association between clinicopathologic characteristics and CRM was performed. Tumor CRM+. Of 23,464 eligible patients, 13.3% were CRM+. Factors associated with CRM+ were diagnosis later in the study period, lack of insurance, advanced stage, higher grade, undergoing APR, and receiving radiation. Nearly half of CRM+ patients did not receive neoadjuvant therapy. CRM+ patients who did not receive neoadjuvant therapy were more likely to be female, older, with more comorbidities, smaller tumors, earlier clinical stage, advanced pathologic stage, and CEA-negative disease compared to those who received it. Factors associated with CRM+ include features of advanced disease, undergoing APR, and lack of health insurance. Half of CRM+ patients did not receive neoadjuvant treatment. These represent cases where CRM status may be modifiable with appropriate pre-operative selection and multidisciplinary management. Copyright © 2016 IJS Publishing Group Limited. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  18. Detection of left atrial thrombus in patients with mitral stenosis and atrial fibrillation: retrospective comparison of two-phase computed tomography, transoesophageal echocardiography and surgical findings

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    Choi, Bo Hwa; Ko, Sung Min [Konkuk University Medical Center, Konkuk University School of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Research Institute of Medical Science, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Hwang, Hweung Kon [Konkuk University Medical Center, Konkuk University School of Medicine, Department of Cardiology, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Song, Meong Gun; Shin, Je Kyoun [Konkuk University Medical Center, Konkuk University School of Medicine, Department of Thoracic surgery, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Kang, Woon Seok; Kim, Tae-Yop [Konkuk University Medical Center, Konkuk University School of Medicine, Department of Anesthesiology, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2013-11-15

    This retrospective study aims to assess the accuracy of two-phase computed tomography (CT) and transoesophageal echocardiography (TEE) for the detection of left atrial (LA) thrombus in patients with mitral stenosis (MS) and atrial fibrillation (AF), by using intraoperative findings as the reference standard. Preoperative two-phase CT and intraoperative TEE were performed in 106 patients with MS and AF. The ratio (LAA/AA{sub L}) of Hounsfield units (HU) in the LA appendage (LAA) to the ascending aorta (AA) was calculated on the late-phase CT image. LA echodense masses on TEE and LA filling defects on two-phase CT were observed in 29 and 39 patients, respectively. Thirty-five LA thrombi were identified at surgery in 27 patients. Compared with the intraoperative findings, per-patient sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values of two-phase CT were 100 %, 85 %, 69 % and 100 %, and those by using TEE were 93 %, 95 %, 86 % and 97 % in detecting LAA thrombus. After adopting the cut-off value of 0.5 for the LAA/AA{sub L} HU ratio, the specificity and positive predictive value of two-phase CT were increased to 96 % and 90 %, respectively. Two-phase CT with a cut-off value of LAA/AA{sub L} HU ratio of 0.5 provides high performance for the detection of LAA thrombus. (orig.)

  19. A new technique, combined plication-incision (CPI, for correction of penile curvature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamed Abdalla Hamed

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Introduction Penile curvature (PC can be surgically corrected by either corporoplasty or plication techniques. These techniques can be complicated by post-operative: penile shortening, recurrent PC, painful/palpable suture knots and erectile dysfunction. Objective To avoid the complications of corporoplasty and plication techniques using a new technique: combined plication-incision (CPI. Materials and Methods Two groups (1&2 were operated upon: group 1 using CPI and group 2 using the 16-dot technique. In CPI, dots were first marked as in 16 dot technique. In each group of 4 dots the superficial layer of tunica albuginea was transversely incised (3-6mm at the first and last dots. Ethibond 2/0, passed through the interior edge of the first incision plicating the intermediate 2 dots and passed out of the interior edge of the last incision, was tightened and ligated. Vicryle 4/0, passed through the exterior edges of the incisions, was tightened and ligated to cover the ethibond knot. Results Twelve (57.1 % participants in group 2 complained of a bothering palpable knot compared to none in group 1 with statistically significant difference (P=0.005. Postoperative shortening (5mm of erect penis, encountered in 9 participants, was doubled in group 2 but with insignificant difference (P>0.05. Post-operative recurrence of PC, was encountered in only 1 (4.8% participant in group 2, compared to none in group 1, with insignificant difference (P>0.05. Post-operative erectile rigidity was normally maintained in all participants. Conclusion The new technique was superior to the 16-dot technique for correction of PC.

  20. Learning Curve for Laparoendoscopic Single-Incision Live Donor Nephrectomy: Implications for Laparoendoscopic Practice and Training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Troppmann, Christoph; Santhanakrishnan, Chandrasekar; Fananapazir, Ghaneh; Troppmann, Kathrin M; Perez, Richard V

    2017-05-01

    The learning curve for laparoendoscopic single-incision live donor nephrectomy, which is technically more complex than the multiport, conventional laparoendoscopic approach, is unknown. In a retrospective cohort study, we analyzed the learning curve of the initial 114 consecutive single-incision laparoendoscopic nephrectomies performed in nonselected live kidney donors. Median donor body mass index was 26 kg/m 2 (range 20-34). In all, 92% of the nephrectomies were performed on the left side; 18% of the recovered kidneys had multiple renal arteries. Cumulative sum (CUSUM) analysis of operating time (OT) demonstrated that the learning curve was achieved after case 61. For the learning curve phase (Group 1 [cases 1-61]) vs the postlearning phase (Group 2 [cases 62-114]), the difference of the mean OT was 20 minutes (p = 0.05). Mean warm ischemic time in the donors was significantly longer during the learning phase (Group 1, 6 minutes; Group 2, 5 minutes; p = 0.04). Rates of conversions to multiport procedures and of donor complications were not significantly different between Groups 1 and 2. For the recipients, we observed delayed graft function in 2 (2%) cases, no technical graft losses; and 1-year death-censored graft survival was 100% (p = n.s. for all comparisons of Group 1 vs 2). Single-incision laparoendoscopic donor nephrectomy had a long learning curve (>60 cases), but resulted in excellent donor and recipient outcomes. The long learning curve has significant implications for the programs and surgeons who contemplate transitioning from multiport to single-incision nephrectomy. Furthermore, our observations are highly relevant for informing the development of training requirements for fellows to be trained in single-incision laparoendoscopic nephrectomy.

  1. Mini-incision microdissection testicular sperm extraction: a useful technique for men with cryptozoospermia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alrabeeah, K; Witmer, J; Ruiz, S; AlMalki, A; Phillips, S; Zini, A

    2016-03-01

    Microdissection testicular sperm extraction (micro-TESE) was developed to minimize the testicular injury associated with multiple open TESEs. We sought to evaluate a mini-incision micro-TESE in men with cryptozoospermia and non-obstructive azoospermia (NOA). We conducted a retrospective study of 26 consecutive men with NOA and cryptozoospermia who underwent a primary (first) micro-TESE between March 2015 and August 2015. Final assessment of sperm recovery (reported on the day of intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI)) was recorded as (i) successful (available spermatozoa for ICSI) or (ii) unsuccessful (no spermatozoa for ICSI). The decision to perform a mini-incision micro-TESE (with limited unilateral micro-dissection) or standard/extensive (with unilateral or bilateral micro-dissection) was guided by the intra-operative identification of sperm recovery (≥5 spermatozoa) from the first testicle. Overall, sperm recovery was successful in 77% (20/26) of the men. In 37% of the men (8/26), the mini-incision micro-TESE was successful (positive sperm recovery). The remaining 18 men required a standard (extensive) microdissection: 61% (11/18) underwent a unilateral and 39% (7/18) a bilateral micro-TESE. We found that 90% (9/10) of the men with cryptozoospermia and 63% (10/16) of the men with NOA underwent a unilateral (mini or standard micro-TESE). The mini-incision micro-TESE allowed for successful sperm recovery in 60% (6/10) of the men with cryptozoospermia and 13% (2/16) of the men with NOA. The data demonstrate that a mini-incision micro-TESE together with rapid intra-operative assessment and identification of spermatozoa recovery can be useful in men undergoing microTESE, particularly, men with cryptozoospermia. © 2016 American Society of Andrology and European Academy of Andrology.

  2. Single-incision Laparoscopic Surgery (SILS) in general surgery: a review of current practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Froghi, Farid; Sodergren, Mikael Hans; Darzi, Ara; Paraskeva, Paraskevas

    2010-08-01

    Single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) aims to eliminate multiple port incisions. Although general operative principles of SILS are similar to conventional laparoscopic surgery, operative techniques are not standardized. This review aims to evaluate the current use of SILS published in the literature by examining the types of operations performed, techniques employed, and relevant complications and morbidity. This review considered a total of 94 studies reporting 1889 patients evaluating 17 different general surgical operations. There were 8 different access techniques reported using conventional laparoscopic instruments and specifically designed SILS ports. There is extensive heterogeneity associated with operating methods and in particular ways of overcoming problems with retraction and instrumentation. Published complications, morbidity, and hospital length of stay are comparable to conventional laparoscopy. Although SILS provides excellent cosmetic results and morbidity seems similar to conventional laparoscopy, larger randomized controlled trials are needed to assess the safety and efficacy of this novel technique.

  3. S-shaped versus conventional straight skin incision: Impact on primary functional maturation, stenosis and thrombosis of autogenous radiocephalic arteriovenous fistula: Impact of incision on maturation, stenosis & failure of RCAVF. Study design: Prospective observational comparative.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kordzadeh, Ali; Panayiotopolous, Yiannis

    2017-10-01

    The objective of this study is to test the null hypothesis that an S-shaped surgical incision versus conventional (straight) skin incision in the creation of autogenous radiocephalic arteriovenous fistulas (RCAVFs) have no impact on the primary end-point of primary functional maturation and secondary end points of stenosis and thrombosis. A prospective observational comparative consecutive study with intention-to-treat on individuals undergoing only radiocephalic arteriovenous fistula (RCAVFs) over a period of 12 months was conducted. Variables on patient's demographics, comorbidities, anesthesia type, mean arterial blood pressure, thrill, laterality, cephalic vein and radial artery diameter were collated. The test of probability was assessed through Chi-Square, Kaplan-Meier survival estimator and Log-Rank analysis. Total of n = 83 individuals with median age of 67 years (IQR, 20-89) and male predominance 83% during this period were subjected to RCAVF formation. Total of n = 45 patients in straight skin incision were compared to n = 38 individuals in S-shaped group. Despite equal prevalence of demographics, comorbidities, anesthesia type, mean arterial blood pressure (MAP), thrill, laterality, cephalic vein and radial artery diameter ( p  > 0.05) higher incidence of juxta-anastomotic stenosis was noted in the straight skin incision group ( p  = 0.029) in comparative and survival analysis (Log-Rank, p  = 0.036). The maturation of the entire cohort was 69% (S-shaped 76% vs. straight group 62%) (p > 0.05). The outcome of this study demonstrates that S-shaped surgical skin incision is associated with a lower incidence of stenosis in comparison to straight incision type in RCAVF formation.

  4. A Retrospective Study of 39 Patients Treated With Anterior Approach of Thoracic and Lumbar Spondylodiscitis: Clinical Manifestations, Anterior Surgical Treatment, and Outcome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yaldz, Can; Özdemir, Nail; Yaman, Onur; Feran, Hamit Günes; Tansug, Tugrul; Minoglu, Mustafa

    2015-11-01

    The aim of this study is to report our 39 patients treated with anterior debridement and autologous iliac bone grafting with or without anterior instrumentation, which is the presumed treatment of choice for thoracic or lumbar spondylodiscitis.Our patients underwent surgical treatment of spondylodiscitis using anterior debridement and autologous iliac bone grafting with or without anterior instrumentation and were analyzed with a mean follow-up of 8 years (range, 2-11 years). Kaneda 2-rod system instrumentation was used in 12 patients, in total. Clinical outcomes were assessed by the Frankel grade. Radiographic fusion was characterized based on 3-dimensional computed tomography.Of the whole group, 20 patients suffered from tuberculous spondylodiscitis and 19 suffered from hematogenous spondylodiscitis. Pathogens responsible for pyogenic infection included Staphylococcus aureus (4 patients), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (3 patients), and Brucella melitensis (1 patient). Fifteen patients had thoracic involvement, 20 had lumbar involvement, and 4 had thoracolumbar junction involvement. Preoperative neurological deficits were noted in 13 of the 39 patients. In terms of Frankel grade, 8 patients have improved, 4 have remained the same, and 1 patient has worsened during the follow-up period. Imaging-documented fusion was achieved in 23 of 27 patients in the graft group (85% fusion rate) and 11 of 12 patients in the graft + Kaneda instrumentation group (91% fusion rate).There was no instrumentation failure, loosening, or graft-related complication such as slippage or fracture of the graft. This approach demonstrated a good recovery rate of neurological functions and a high fusion rate.

  5. Distal biceps brachii tendon repairs: a single-incision technique using a cortical button with interference screw versus a double-incision technique using suture fixation through bone tunnels.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shields, Edward; Olsen, Joshua R; Williams, Richard B; Rouse, Lucien; Maloney, Michael; Voloshin, Ilya

    2015-05-01

    Distal biceps brachii tendon repairs performed with a tension slide technique using a cortical button (CB) and interference screw are stronger than those based on suture fixation through bone tunnels (BTs) in biomechanical studies. However, clinical comparison of these 2 techniques is lacking in the literature. To perform a clinical comparison of the single-incision CB and double-incision BT techniques. Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3. Distal biceps tendon ruptures repaired through either the single-incision CB or double-incision BT technique were retrospectively identified at a single institution. Patients>1 year out from surgery were assessed for range of motion, strength, and complications, and they completed a DASH questionnaire (Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand). Patients in the CB group (n=20) were older (52±9.5 vs 43.7±8.7 years; P=.008), had a shorter interval from surgery to evaluation (17.7±5 vs 30.8±16.5 months; P=.001), and were less likely to smoke (0% vs 28.5%; P=.02) compared with the BT patients (n=21). DASH scores were similar between groups (4.46±4.4 [CB] vs 5.7±7.5 [BT]; P=.65). Multivariate analysis revealed no differences in range of motion or strength between groups. More CB patients (30%; n=6) experienced a complication compared with those in the BT group (4.8%; n=1) (P=.04), and these complications were predominantly paresthesias of the superficial radial nerve that did not resolve. There were no reoperations or repair failures in either group. Both the single-incision CB and double-incision BT techniques provided excellent clinical results. Complications were more common in the single-incision CB group and most commonly involved paresthesias of the superficial radial nerve. © 2015 The Author(s).

  6. SURGICAL AND VISUAL OUTCOME OF PHACOEMULSIFICATION SURGERY (ROUTINE) AND MICRO - PHACO (BIMANUAL PHACO): A COMPARATIVE STUDY

    OpenAIRE

    Sudha; Nitin; Vikas; Chitra; Nikhilesh; Rajesh; Pawar

    2015-01-01

    Cataract surgery has evolved over the past few decades with progressive decrease in the size of the incision. Originally from 12 mm intracapsular incision to bimanual phacoemulsification (Micro - Phaco) that has incision size of just 700 microns. In the pres ent comparative PROSPECTIVE study best corrected visual acuity postoperatively and surgically induced astigmatism were compared in routine Phacoemulsification technique and bimanual phaco (Micro - Phaco) 60 e...

  7. Long-term effect of infection prevention practices and case mix on cesarean surgical site infections.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kittur, Nupur D; McMullen, Kathleen M; Russo, Anthony J; Ruhl, Loie; Kay, Helen H; Warren, David K

    2012-08-01

    To estimate trends in patient characteristics and obstetric complications in an 8-year cohort of patients undergoing cesarean delivery and to use time series analysis to estimate the effect of infection prevention interventions and secular trends in patient characteristics on postcesarean delivery surgical site infections. A multivariable autoregressive integrated moving average model was used to perform time series analysis on a 96-month retrospective cohort of patients who underwent cesarean delivery (January 2003-December 2010) in a U.S. tertiary care hospital. We identified 8,668 women who underwent cesarean delivery. Median age was 26 years (range 12-53 years), 3,093 (35.7%) of patients had body mass indexes (BMIs) of 35 or greater, 2,561 (29.5%) were of white race, and 303 (3.5%) had a surgical site infection. Over the study period, there was a significant increase in the proportion of patients who underwent cesarean delivery who had BMIs of 35 or higher, hypertension or mild preeclampsia, and severe preeclampsia or eclampsia. A nonseasonal autoregressive integrated moving average model with a linear trend and no autocorrelation was identified. In the multivariable autoregressive integrated moving average model of postcesarean surgical site infections, implementation of a policy to administer prophylactic antibiotics within 1 hour before incision, instead of at the time of cord clamp, led to a 48% reduction in cesarean delivery surgical site infections (Δ=-5.4 surgical site infections per 100 cesarean deliveries; Pinfections. III.

  8. Single-incision laparoscopic bariatric surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Huang Chih-Kun

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Bariatric surgery has been established as the best option of treatment for morbid obesity. In recent years single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS has emerged as another modality of carrying out the bariatric procedures. While SILS represents an advance, its application in morbid obesity at present is limited. In this article, we review the technique and results of SILS in bariatric surgery. Methods: The PubMed database was searched and totally 11 series reporting SILS in bariatric surgery were identified and analyzed. The case reports were excluded. Since 2008, 114 morbidly obese patients receiving SILS bariatric surgeries were reported. Results: The procedures performed included SILS gastric banding, sleeve gastrectomy and gastric bypass. No mortality was reported in the literatures. Sixteen patients (14.05% needed an additional incision for a liver retractor, a trocar or for conversion. Only one complication of wound infection was reported in these series. All the surgeons reported that the patients were highly satisfied with the scar. Conclusion: Because of abundant visceral and subcutaneous fat and multiple comorbidities in morbid obesity, it is more challenging for surgeons to perform the procedures with SILS. It is clear that extensive development of new instruments and technical aspects of these procedures as well as randomized studies to compare them with traditional laparoscopy are essential before these procedures can be utilized in day-to-day clinical practice.

  9. Lumbar paraspinal muscle morphometry and its correlations with demographic and radiological factors in adult isthmic spondylolisthesis: a retrospective review of 120 surgically managed cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thakar, Sumit; Sivaraju, Laxminadh; Aryan, Saritha; Mohan, Dilip; Sai Kiran, Narayanam Anantha; Hegde, Alangar S

    2016-05-01

    OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to assess the cross-sectional areas (CSAs) of lumbar paraspinal muscles in adults with isthmic spondylolisthesis (IS), to compare them with those in the normative population, and to evaluate their correlations with demographic factors and MRI changes in various spinal elements. METHODS The authors conducted a retrospective study of patients who had undergone posterior lumbar interbody fusion for IS, and 2 of the authors acting as independent observers calculated the CSAs of various lumbar paraspinal muscles (psoas, erector spinae [ES], multifidus [MF]) on preoperative axial T2-weighted MR images from the L-3 to L-5 vertebral levels and computed the CSAs as ratios with respect to the corresponding vertebral body areas. These values were then compared with those in an age- and sex-matched normative population and were analyzed with respect to age, sex, duration of symptoms, grade of listhesis, and various MRI changes at the level of the listhesis (pedicle signal change, disc degeneration, and facetal arthropathy). RESULTS Compared with values in normative controls, the mean CSA value for the ES muscle was significantly higher in the study cohort of 120 patients (p = 0.002), whereas that for the MF muscle was significantly lower (p = 0.009), and more so in the patients with PSC (p = 0.002). Magnetic resonance imaging signal change in the pedicle was seen in half of the patients, all of whom demonstrated a Type 2 change. Of the variables tested in a multivariate analysis, age independently predicted lower area values for all 3 muscles (p ≤ 0.001), whereas female sex predicted a lower mean psoas area value (p < 0.001). None of the other variables significantly predicted any of the muscle area values. A decrease in the mean MF muscle area value alone was associated with a significantly increased likelihood of a PSC (p = 0.039). CONCLUSIONS Compared with normative controls, patients with IS suffer selective atrophy of their MF

  10. Single transverse extended incision for radical neck dissection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chagas, José Francisco Sales; Pascoal, Maria Beatriz Nogueira; Aquino, José Luís Braga; Brandi, Luís Antônio; Previtale, Evandro Von Zuben; Trillo, Ana Sofia Pontes; Curioni, Otávio Alberto; Rapoport, Abrão; Dedivitis, Rogério Aparecido

    2016-01-01

    to assess the efficacy of the single transverse extended cervical incision in radical neck dissection. we conducted a prospective study, from January 2008 to January 2009, with 18 patients undergoing surgical treatment of malignant tumors of the upper aero-digestive tract. The primary lesion was located in the oral cavity in eight cases, in the oropharynx in three, in the hypopharynx in three, in the larynx in two, in the maxillary sinus, and in one case, the primary injury was hidden. There were 29 neck dissections, eight bilateral and 10 unilateral (26 radical and three selective). Staging revealed nine patients with T4 tumor, one T3, six T2, one T1 and one Tx. Five patients were N0, nine N2b, one N2c and three N3. The average number of dissected lymph nodes was 34.25. We performed the neck dissection through a single incision located in the middle neck, coincident with the skinfold, with a length of about 2 to 3 cm behind the anterior edge of the trapezius muscle and 3 to 4 cm from the midline for the unilateral neck dissections. as complications, there were myocutaneous flap necrosis in one patient with prior radiation therapy, one lymphatic fistula, one dehiscence of the tracheostomy, one cervical abscess, one salivary fistula and one suture dehiscence. the single extended incision provides adequate exposure of the neck structures, without compromising surgical time, even in bilateral dissections. It does not compromise the resection of all cervical lymph nodes; it has excellent aesthetic and functional results and is easily associated with other approaches to resection of the primary tumor. verificar a eficácia da incisão cervical única, transversa e estendida, para o esvaziamento cervical radical. estudo prospectivo, de janeiro de 2008 a janeiro de 2009, de 18 pacientes submetidos a tratamento cirúrgico de tumores malignos da via aero-digestiva superior. A lesão primária se situava na cavidade oral em oito casos, na orofaringe em três, no seio

  11. Current Status of Single-incision Laparoscopic Surgery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ahmed, Irfan; Ciancio, Fabio; Ferrara, Vincenzo

    2012-01-01

    Recent advances in minimally invasive surgery have centered on reducing the number of incisions required, which has led to the development of the single-incision laparoscopic technique. A panel of European single-incision laparoscopy experts met to discuss the current status of, and the future ex...... to be published to confirm its value. An ideal training route for surgeons who are adopting the technique was agreed upon, as was the need for a single, large clinical registry of data....

  12. Incidence and management of severe odontogenic infections-a retrospective analysis from 2004 to 2011.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Opitz, Daniel; Camerer, Christian; Camerer, Doris-Maria; Raguse, Jan-Dirk; Menneking, Horst; Hoffmeister, Bodo; Adolphs, Nicolai

    2015-03-01

    The management of odontogenic infections is a typical part of the spectrum of maxillofacial surgery. Normally these infections can be managed in a straight forward way however under certain conditions severe and complicated courses can arise which require interdisciplinary treatment including intensive care. A retrospective analysis of all patients affected by an odontogenic infection that received surgical therapy from 2004 to 2011 under stationary conditions was performed. Surgical treatment consisted in incision and drainage of the abscess supported by additional i.v. antibiotic medication in all patients. Detailed analysis of all patients that required postoperative intensive medical care was additionally performed with respect to special risk factors. During 8 years 814 patients affected by odontogenic infections received surgical treatment under stationary conditions representing 4% of all patients that have been treated during that period (n = 18981). In 14 patients (1.7%) intensive medical therapy after surgery was required, one lethal outcome was documented (0.12%). In all of these 14 patients a history of typical risk factors was present. According to these results two patients per week affected by an odontogenic infection required stationary surgical treatment, about two patients per year were likely to require additional intensive medical care. If well-known risk factors are present in patients affected by odontogenic infection appropriate interdisciplinary management should be considered as early as possible. Copyright © 2014 European Association for Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  13. Phacoemulsification versus small incision cataract surgery in patients with uveitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rahul Bhargava

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available AIM: To compare the safety and efficacy of phacoemulsification and small incision cataract surgery (SICS in patients with uveitic cataract.METHODS:In aprospective, randomized multi-centric study, consecutive patients with uveitic cataract were randomized to receive phacoemulsification or manual SICS by either of two surgeons well versed with both the techniques. A minimum inflammation free period of 3mo (defined as less than 5 cells per high power field in anterior chamber was a pre-requisite for eligibility for surgery. Superior scleral tunnel incisions were used for both techniques. Improvement in visual acuity post-operatively was the primary outcome measure and the rate of post-operative complications and surgical time were secondary outcome measures, respectively. Means of groups were compared using t-tests. One way analysis of variance (ANOVA was used when there were more than two groups. Chi-square tests were used for proportions. Kaplan Meyer survival analysis was done and means for survival time was estimated at 95% confidence interval (CI. A P value of <0.05 was considered statistically significant.RESULTS:One hundred and twenty-six of 139 patients (90.6% completed the 6-month follow-up. Seven patients were lost in follow up and another six excluded due to either follow-up less than six months (n=1 or inability implant an intraocular lens (IOL because of insufficient capsular support following posterior capsule rupture (n=5. There was significant improvement in vision after both the procedures (paired t-test; P<0.001. On first postoperative day, uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA was 20/63 or better in 31 (47% patients in Phaco group and 26 (43.3% patients in SICS group (P=0.384. The mean surgically induced astigmatism (SIA was 0.86±0.34 dioptres (D in the phacoemulsification group and 1.16±0.28 D in SICS group. The difference between the groups was significant (t-test, P=0.002. At 6mo, corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA

  14. Small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) monovision for presbyopia correction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luft, Nikolaus; Siedlecki, Jakob; Sekundo, Walter; Wertheimer, Christian; Kreutzer, Thomas C; Mayer, Wolfgang J; Priglinger, Siegfried G; Dirisamer, Martin

    2017-11-04

    To evaluate the outcomes of myopic small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) monovision in presbyopic patients. This study included 49 presbyopic patients older than 45 years seeking surgical correction of myopia or myopic astigmatism who underwent bilateral SMILE with planned monovision in the SMILE Eyes Clinic Linz, Austria. Target refraction was plano for dominant (distance) eyes and ranged between -1.25 and -0.50 D for nondominant (near) eyes. Best-corrected distance visual acuity, uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA), uncorrected near visual acuity, as well as spectacle dependence were assessed after a mean postoperative period of 7.2 ± 4.8 months. Mean age was 49 ± 3 years and female to male ratio was 30:19. Distance eyes achieved a spherical equivalent correction of ±0.50 D from target refraction in 80% of patients and 96% were within ±1.0 D. Binocular UDVA of 20/20 or better was achieved by 90% of patients and all patients achieved 20/25 or better. The proportion of patients with a binocular UDVA of 20/20 or better who could read J2 or better amounted to 84%. Complete spectacle independence was achieved by 84% of patients and independence from reading glasses was achieved in 92% of cases. No patient requested refractive enhancement or monovision reversal. This first evaluation of SMILE monovision endorses the approach as a safe and effective option for the correction of presbyopia in myopic patients seeking refractive surgery.

  15. [Surgical treatment for distal rupture of the biceps tendon].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dojcinovic, S; Maes, R; Hoffmeyer, P; Peter, R

    2004-09-01

    Avulsion of the distal biceps brachii tendon at the elbow is uncommon. We analyzed cases operated in our department in order to define etiological factors and surgical treatment outcome. We reviewed retrospectively eleven patients, ten male patients, average age 43 years (range 37-59) with distal biceps tendon ruptures repaired anatomically with a double-incision technique and one other male patient whose tendon was attached to the brachialis anterior. Nine patients were seen for clinical assessment at least two years after operation. Average follow-up was 7 years (range 1-10). Patient satisfaction was good and all stated they would opt for surgical treatment again. The most common mechanism of injury was heavy weight lifting with the elbow at 90 degrees flexion or excentric loading on a flexed elbow. The dominant limb was injured in all patients. Eight patients had sustained injury during domestic activities and three during sports activities. Clinical diagnosis was the rule. MRI was useful in patients seen late after injury. We found nine cases of avulsion located at the bicipital tuberosity. All subjective results were good. Strength testing of the injured limbs revealed a loss of 30% supination strength and 40% supination endurance for the anatomic reinsertions. For the non-anatomic reinsertion, there was a 50% decrease in strength and 60% decrease in endurance. Clinical follow-up after seven years showed no nerve damage or heterotopic bone formation. Anatomic repair of distal biceps tendon rupture provides consistently good results. Attachment of the brachial tendon to the brachial anterior muscle cannot restore supination force. The two-incision technique with the extensor mass-splitting approach described by Boyd and Anderson lessens the risk of radial nerve plasty. Early anatomic reconstruction can restore more strength and endurance for supination. Attachment of the brachialis muscle must be considered in the event of late reconstruction. Subjective

  16. Blepharoplasty and periorbital surgical rejuvenation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milind Naik

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The periorbital region forms the epicenter of facial aging changes and receives highest attention from physicians and patients. The concern about visual function, clubbed with the need for hidden incisions, makes the periocular region a highly specialized surgical area, most appropriately handled by an ophthalmic plastic surgeon. The article provides an overview of cosmetic eyelid and facial surgery in the periocular region. Common aesthetic surgical procedures as well as ocular side-effects of commonly performed periocular injections are discussed from the dermatologist′s point of view.

  17. Surgical intervention in patients with necrotizing pancreatitis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Besselink, MG; de Bruijn, MT; Rutten, JP; Boermeester, MA; Hofker, HS; Gooszen, HG

    Background: This study evaluated the various surgical strategies for treatment of (suspected) infected necrotizing pancreatitis (INP) and patient referrals for this condition in the Netherlands. Methods: This retrospective study included all 106 consecutive patients who had surgical treatment for

  18. Antibacterial and healing potentials of CHARMIL® as a surgical ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The incision wounds were swabbed for bacterial culture immediately after the closure of the surgical site on post surgical day (P. sd.) 0, and P.sds 3,7,10, and 14. The daily clinical records which include the assessment of wound healing process as wetness, dryness, crust formation and scar tissue formation (S.T.F.) were ...

  19. Abortion - surgical

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suction curettage; Surgical abortion; Elective abortion - surgical; Therapeutic abortion - surgical ... Surgical abortion involves dilating the opening to the uterus (cervix) and placing a small suction tube into the uterus. ...

  20. Resveratrol engages AMPK to attenuate ERK and mTOR signaling in sensory neurons and inhibits incision-induced acute and chronic pain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tillu Dipti V

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Despite advances in our understanding of basic mechanisms driving post-surgical pain, treating incision-induced pain remains a major clinical challenge. Moreover, surgery has been implicated as a major cause of chronic pain conditions. Hence, more efficacious treatments are needed to inhibit incision-induced pain and prevent the transition to chronic pain following surgery. We reasoned that activators of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK may represent a novel treatment avenue for the local treatment of incision-induced pain because AMPK activators inhibit ERK and mTOR signaling, two important pathways involved in the sensitization of peripheral nociceptors. Results To test this hypothesis we used a potent and efficacious activator of AMPK, resveratrol. Our results demonstrate that resveratrol profoundly inhibits ERK and mTOR signaling in sensory neurons in a time- and concentration-dependent fashion and that these effects are mediated by AMPK activation and independent of sirtuin activity. Interleukin-6 (IL-6 is thought to play an important role in incision-induced pain and resveratrol potently inhibited IL-6-mediated signaling to ERK in sensory neurons and blocked IL-6-mediated allodynia in vivo through a local mechanism of action. Using a model of incision-induced allodynia in mice, we further demonstrate that local injection of resveratrol around the surgical wound strongly attenuates incision-induced allodynia. Intraplantar IL-6 injection and plantar incision induces persistent nociceptive sensitization to PGE2 injection into the affected paw after the resolution of allodynia to the initial stimulus. We further show that resveratrol treatment at the time of IL-6 injection or plantar incision completely blocks the development of persistent nociceptive sensitization consistent with the blockade of a transition to a chronic pain state by resveratrol treatment. Conclusions These results highlight the importance of signaling

  1. Small-Incision Laparoscopy-Assisted Surgery Under Abdominal Cavity Irrigation in a Porcine Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ishii, Takuro; Aoe, Tomohiko; Yu, Wen-Wei; Ebihara, Yuma; Kawahira, Hiroshi; Isono, Shiro; Naya, Yukio

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Background: Laparoscopic and robot-assisted surgeries are performed under carbon dioxide insufflation. Switching from gas to an isotonic irrigant introduces several benefits and avoids some adverse effects of gas insufflation. We developed an irrigating device and apparatus designed for single-incision laparoscopic surgery and tested its advantages and drawbacks during surgery in a porcine model. Materials and Methods: Six pigs underwent surgical procedures under general anesthesia. A 30-cm extracorporeal cistern was placed over a 5–6-cm abdominal incision. The abdomen was irrigated with warm saline that was drained via a suction tube placed near the surgical field and continuously recirculated through a closed circuit equipped with a hemodialyzer as a filter. Irrigant samples from two pigs were cultured to check for bacterial and fungal contamination. Body weight was measured before and after surgery in four pigs that had not received treatments affecting hemodynamics or causing diuresis. Results: One-way flow of irrigant ensured laparoscopic vision by rinsing blood from the surgical field. Through a retroperitoneal approach, cystoprostatectomy was successfully performed in three pigs, nephrectomy in two, renal excision in two, and partial nephrectomy in one, under simultaneous ultrasonographic monitoring. Through a transperitoneal approach, liver excision and hemostasis with a bipolar sealing device were performed in three pigs, and bladder pedicle excision was performed in one pig. Bacterial and fungal contamination of the irrigant was observed on the draining side of the circuit, but the filter captured the contaminants. Body weight increased by a median of 2.1% (range, 1.2–4.4%) of initial weight after 3–5 hours of irrigation. Conclusions: Surgery under irrigation is feasible and practical when performed via a cistern through a small abdominal incision. This method is advantageous, especially in the enabling of continuous and free

  2. Surgical Antibiotic Prophylaxis and Risk for Postoperative Antibiotic-Resistant Infections.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohen, Margot E; Salmasian, Hojjat; Li, Jianhua; Liu, Jianfang; Zachariah, Philip; Wright, Jason D; Freedberg, Daniel E

    2017-11-01

    Antibiotic-resistant infections have high rates of morbidity and mortality, and exposure to antibiotics is the crucial risk factor for development of antibiotic resistance. If surgical antibiotic prophylaxis (SAP) increases risk for antibiotic-resistant infections, prophylaxis may cause net harm, even if it decreases overall infection rates. This retrospective cohort study included adults who underwent elective surgical procedures and developed infections within 30 postoperative days. Procedures from multiple disciplines were included if SAP was considered discretionary by current guidelines. Postoperative antibiotic-resistant infections were defined as positive culture results from any site within 30 postoperative days, showing intermediate or nonsusceptibility across 1 or more antibiotic classes. Surgical antibiotic prophylaxis included use of antibiotics within any class and at any dose from 1 hour before first incision until the end of the operation. Among 689 adults with postoperative infections, 338 (49%) had postoperative resistant infections. Use of SAP was not associated with postoperative antibiotic-resistant infections (odds ratio [OR] 0.99; 95% CI 0.67 to 1.46). This result remained robust when the SAP definition was extended to antibiotics given within 4 hours before first incision (OR 0.94; 95% CI 0.63 to 1.40) and when the follow-up window was narrowed to 14 days (OR 0.82; 95% CI 0.50 to 1.34). Previous antibiotic-resistant infections were associated with risk for postoperative antibiotic-resistant infections (OR 1.81; 95% CI 1.16 to 2.83). Use of SAP was not associated with risk for postoperative antibiotic-resistant infections in a large cohort of patients with postoperative infections. This provides important reassurance regarding use of surgical antibiotic prophylaxis. Copyright © 2017 American College of Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. High-power diode laser in the circumvestibular incision for Le Fort I osteotomy in orthognathic surgery: a prospective case series study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jaeger, Filipe; Chiavaioli, Gustavo Marques; de Toledo, Guilherme Lacerda; Freire-Maia, Belini; Amaral, Marcio Bruno Figueiredo; Mesquita, Ricardo Alves

    2018-01-01

    The incisions during orthognathic surgery are classically performed with conventional scalpel or electrocautery. Considering that the high-power diode laser surgery may provide advantages when compared to conventional incision techniques, the current study aimed to present a prospective case series of patients submitted to circumvestibular incision for Le Fort I osteotomy. Ten patients with dentofacial deformities who underwent to rapid assisted maxillary expansion or bimaxillary orthognathic surgery were enrolled in the study. All incisions were performed by a single surgeon using an 808-nm diode laser, with an optical fiber of 600 μm, at a power of 2.5 W, in a continuous-wave mode. The performance of the incision was evaluated by incision velocity, bleeding, edema, secondary infection, clinical healing, and pain. The velocity of the incision ranged from 0.10 to 0.20 mm/s (mean 0.13 ± 0.03 mm/s). Considering bleeding during the soft tissue incision, all surgeries were classified as absent bleeding. All patients presented a clinical healing of the surgical wound in a period that range from 3 to 5 weeks and experienced swelling during the follow-up period. On average, approximately 50% of the swelling had resolved after the third postoperative week, and 28.8% of swelling remained after 2 months after the surgery. The pain decreased after 2 and 3 days, and 90.0% of the patients reported no pain after 7 postoperative days. High-power diode laser is effective and safety during circumvestibular incisions for Le Fort I osteotomy in orthognathic surgery decreasing bleeding, surgery time, pain, and edema after orthognathic surgery.

  4. Single-Incision Laparoscopic Surgery (SILS Assisted Sigma Resection Via Pfannenstiel Incision for Complicated Diverticulitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arne Dietrich

    2014-02-01

    Results: The operation time ranged from 89 to 280 min. There were no conversions, and no additional trocars were used. The postoperative hospital stay ranged from 5 to 14 days. All patients were discharged without any intraoperative or postoperative complications. Conclusions: SILS sigma or anterior rectum resection for complicated diverticulitis can be performed via a Pfannenstiel incision. This approach provides direct visualization and access into the pelvis as well as the option to benefit from open surgery devices. The Pfannenstiel incision may generally be recommended for the favorable cosmetic effect and the very low rate of incisional hernias, as reported in the literature. [Arch Clin Exp Surg 2014; 3(1.000: 10-15

  5. Diathermy versus Scalpel incision in elective midline laparotomy: A ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... two groups with respect to the mean length of hospital stay (p = 0.834). Conclusion: We conclude that diathermy incision in elective midline laparotomy has significant advantages compared with the scalpel because of reduced incision time, less blood loss, reduced early postoperative pain and analgesic requirements.

  6. Mini transverse versus longitudinal incision in carpal tunnel syndrome

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Korkmaz, M.; Cepoglu, M.C.

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of mini-transverse compared with mini-longitudinal incision for carpal tunnel release (CTR) with reference to postoperative functional capacity, symptom severity and complication rate. Study Design: Analytical study. Place and Duration of Study: Cumhuriyet University Medical Faculty, Department of Orthopaedics, Tokat State Hospital, Department of Orthopaedics and Medical Park Tokat Hospital, Department of Neurosurgery, from January 2007 to January 2009. Methodology: This study included 93 hands of 79 patients with carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS), which were operated between 2007 and 2009. Patients were divided according to incision types into Group-1 (undergoing mini-longitudinal incision) and Group-2 (undergoing mini-transverse incision). Patients were evaluated initially and at 3 weeks after treatment according to symptom severity and functional status of Boston Questionnaire (BQ). Demographic and clinical data were analyzed and compared statistically between two groups. Results: Statistically significant differences were observed in BQ symptom and functional scores between the pre- and postoperative period (p < 0.0001). BQ symptom and functional scores at postoperative period were better in Group-1 than Group-2 (p = 0.044 and p = 0.023 respectively). The scar hypersensitivity (p = 0.258) and tenderness (p = 1.00) associated with the incision sites were not statistically different. Conclusion: Longitudinal incision is more effective on symptom and functional conditions than transverse incision. However, there was less scar formation with transverse incision. (author)

  7. Transurethral incision of urethral diverticulum in the female

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Miskowiak, J; Honnens de Lichtenberg, M

    1989-01-01

    A new technique of transurethral incision of urethral diverticulum was successfully used in two women. The method described is safe, simple and shortens operating time.......A new technique of transurethral incision of urethral diverticulum was successfully used in two women. The method described is safe, simple and shortens operating time....

  8. [Management of moderate to severe pediatric concealed penis in children by Devine's technique via incision between the penis and scrotum].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Xin-Sheng; Liu, Shi-Xiong; Xiang, Xue-Yan; Zhang, Wen-Gang; Tang, Da-Xing

    2014-04-01

    To search for a simple and effective surgical approach to the management of moderate to severe pediatric concealed penis in children. We used Devine's technique via incision between the penis and scrotum in the treatment of 68 cases of moderate to severe pediatric concealed penis. The patients were aged 3 -13 (mean 6.5) years, 30 with moderate and 38 with severe pediatric concealed penis. This strategy achieved good near- and long-term effects and satisfactory appearance of the penis, which was similar to that of circumcision. At 3 months after surgery, the penile length was 3 - 5.2 cm, averaging (2.35 +/- 0.35) cm. Devine's technique via incision between the penis and scrotum is a simple and effective surgical option for moderate to severe pediatric concealed penis in children.

  9. Endoscope-assisted intraoral removal of ectopic thyroid tissue using a frenotomy incision.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woo, Seung Hoon; Jeong, Han-Sin; Kim, Jin Pyeong; Park, Jung Je; Baek, Chung-Hwan

    2013-05-01

    Ectopic thyroid tissue is a relatively rare condition and a developmental anomaly characterized by the aggregation of thyroid tissue. Usually, it occurs along the path of descent of the developing thyroid primordium from the foramen caecum, the most common being in the anterior midline of the neck at or below the level of the hyoid bone. Surgical removal of ectopic thyroid tissue is usually accomplished through an external incision in the neck. However, this procedure inevitably results in a neck scar. We report the case of a 30-year-old woman with ectopic thyroid tissue. We implemented a modified approach to ectopic thyroid tissue removal through a frenotomy incision of the mouth using an endoscope system. A modified approach to ectopic thyroid tissue removal was used in this patient. The total operative time was 50 minutes, and the patient remains free of disease 15 months after excision. Resection of ectopic thyroid tissue can be performed by a transoral endoscope-assisted approach through a frenotomy incision of the mouth.

  10. [Laparoscopic cholecystectomy with three-port and 25 millimeters long incision.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gómez Tagle-Morales, Enrique David

    2013-01-01

    Background: three-port and 25 mm total incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy has shown benefits compared to conventional laparoscopy. The aim was to examine the safety and feasibility of this technique. Methods: a three-port laparoscopic cholecystectomy trial was conducted through Cinvestav metasearcher, Seriunam and Rencis. The eligibility criteria were: three port laparoscopic cholecystectomy, 25 mm total incision, and score = 17 on Data Review System. Trials which employed instruments smaller than 5 mm in diameter were excluded. The comparative variables were documented and results obtained in the selected trials were described. Results: four trials were selected, comprising 1767 cases (1329 females and 438 males), average age was 44.3 years. Chronic cholecystitis was documented in 84.3 %, and acute cholecystitis in 14.7 %. Average surgical time was 54.5 minutes. An additional port was required in 4.8 % and 1.4 % was converted to open technique. Bile duct injury was presented in 0.11 %. The success rate was 94.9 %. Conclusions: three port and 25 mm total incision in laparoscopic cholecystectomy is safe and feasible.

  11. Different air-water spray regulations affect the healing of Er,Cr:YSGG laser incisions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sperandio, Felipe Fornias; Meneguzzo, Daiane T; Ferreira, Leila S; da Ana, Patrícia A; Azevedo, Luciane H; de Sousa, Suzana C O M

    2011-03-01

    Surgeries performed with high-intensity laser devices may be improved with accurate protocols, including the air-water spray regulation. Thus, this study sought to investigate the healing process of wounds made on the dorsum of rat tongues using an Er,Cr:YSGG laser device with different air-water spray regulations. The incisions were made on the dorsum of Wistar rat tongues using an Er,Cr:YSGG laser with three different air-water spray regulations (100/0%, 50/50%, 11/7%). Scalpel incisions functioned as controls. The sacrifices occurred between 0 and 14 days after surgery. Morphological, histological, and immunohistochemical (fibronectin and type III collagen) analysis of the wounds were performed. The air-water spray regulation influenced wound healing and the inflammatory response, especially in the earlier stages. Incisions performed using the 100/0% air/water spray regulation had the worst results, expressing a greater amount of fibronectin and type III collagen. The 50/50% air/water spray regulation brought in a non-clear surgical field and poor laser interaction with the tissue. The 11/7% air/water spray regulation showed the best clinical results and less pronounced histological events. According to the results encountered, the air-water spray should be regulated to improve surgery.

  12. Transecting versus avoiding incision of the anterior placenta previa during cesarean delivery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verspyck, Eric; Douysset, Xavier; Roman, Horace; Marret, Stephane; Marpeau, Loïc

    2015-01-01

    To compare maternal outcomes after transection and after avoiding incision of the anterior placenta previa during cesarean delivery. In a retrospective study, records were reviewed for women who had anterior placenta previa and delivered by cesarean after 24 weeks of pregnancy at a tertiary center in Rouen, France. During period A (January 2000 to December 2006), the protocol was to systematically transect the placenta when it was unavoidable. During period B (January 2007 to December 2010), the technique was to avoid incision by circumventing the placenta and passing a hand around its margin. Logistic regression was used to identify independent risk factors associated with maternal transfusion of packed red blood cells. Eighty-four women were included (period A: n=43; period B: n=41). During period B, there was a reduction in frequency of intraoperative hemorrhage (>1000 mL) (P=0.02), intraoperative hemoglobin loss (P=0.005), and frequency of blood transfusion (P=0.02) as compared with period A. In multivariable analysis, period B was associated with a reduced risk of maternal transfusion (odds ratio 0.27; 95% confidence interval 0.09-0.82; P=0.02). Avoiding incision of the anterior placenta previa was found to reduce frequency of maternal blood transfusion during or after cesarean delivery. Copyright © 2014 International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  13. Vertical compared with transverse incisions in abdominal surgery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grantcharov, T P; Rosenberg, J

    2001-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To reach an evidence-based consensus on the relative merits of vertical and transverse laparotomy incisions. DESIGN: Review of all published randomised controlled trials that compared the postoperative complications after the two main types of abdominal incisions, vertical and transverse...... postoperative pain and fewer pulmonary complications. Vertical laparotomy, however, is associated with shorter operating time and better possibilities for extension of the incision. The pooled odds ratio for burst abdomen in the vertical incision group was 2.86 (95% confidence interval 1.72 to 4.73, p = 0.......0001), and regarding late incisional hernia the pooled odds ratio was 1.68 (95% confidence interval 1.10 to 2.57. p = 0.02). CONCLUSIONS: Transverse incisions in abdominal surgery are based on better anatomical and physiological principles. They should be recommended, as the early postoperative period is associated...

  14. Incisive canal deflation for correct implant placement: case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spin-Neto, Rubens; Bedran, Telma Blanca Lombardo; de Paula, Wagner Nunes; de Freitas, Rubens Moreno; de Oliveira Ramalho, Lizeti Toledo; Marcantonio, Elcio

    2009-12-01

    This article is a case report of a patient in whom the prosthetic planning indicated the necessity of an incisive canal deflation for the correct installation of an implant that is to be osseointegrated. In the reopening phase after the bone graft installation, the incisive canal deflation (biopsy of its content) was done and titanium implants were installed with one of them invading the anatomical space occupied previously by the incisive canal. The biopsy analysis showed fragments of the incisive artery and nerve, which are responsible for the anterior upper-tooth pulp, the periodontium vascularization and the innervation. From the anastomosis present along with other structures allied with the absence of teeth in the region, there was no detriment to the patient caused by the deflation. Incisive canal deflation is a viable technique in implantology. It can permit ideal prosthetic planning with no detriment to the patient.

  15. Cannabidiol Is a Potential Therapeutic for the Affective-Motivational Dimension of Incision Pain in Rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Genaro, Karina; Fabris, Débora; Arantes, Ana L F; Zuardi, Antônio W; Crippa, José A S; Prado, Wiliam A

    2017-01-01

    Background: Pain involves different brain regions and is critically determined by emotional processing. Among other areas, the rostral anterior cingulate cortex (rACC) is implicated in the processing of affective pain. Drugs that interfere with the endocannabinoid system are alternatives for the management of clinical pain. Cannabidiol (CBD), a phytocannabinoid found in Cannabis sativa , has been utilized in preclinical and clinical studies for the treatment of pain. Herein, we evaluate the effects of CBD, injected either systemically or locally into the rACC, on mechanical allodynia in a postoperative pain model and on the negative reinforcement produced by relief of spontaneous incision pain. Additionally, we explored whether CBD underlies the reward of pain relief after systemic or rACC injection. Methods and Results: Male Wistar rats were submitted to a model of incision pain. All rats had mechanical allodynia, which was less intense after intraperitoneal CBD (3 and 10 mg/kg). Conditioned place preference (CPP) paradigm was used to assess negative reinforcement. Intraperitoneal CBD (1 and 3 mg/kg) inverted the CPP produced by peripheral nerve block even at doses that do not change mechanical allodynia. CBD (10 to 40 nmol/0.25 μL) injected into the rACC reduced mechanical allodynia in a dose-dependent manner. CBD (5 nmol/0.25 μL) did not change mechanical allodynia, but reduced peripheral nerve block-induced CPP, and the higher doses inverted the CPP. Additionally, CBD injected systemically or into the rACC at doses that did not change the incision pain evoked by mechanical stimulation significantly produced CPP by itself. Therefore, a non-rewarding dose of CBD in sham-incised rats becomes rewarding in incised rats, presumably because of pain relief or reduction of pain aversiveness. Conclusion: The study provides evidence that CBD influences different dimensions of the response of rats to a surgical incision, and the results establish the rACC as a brain area

  16. Cannabidiol Is a Potential Therapeutic for the Affective-Motivational Dimension of Incision Pain in Rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karina Genaro

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: Pain involves different brain regions and is critically determined by emotional processing. Among other areas, the rostral anterior cingulate cortex (rACC is implicated in the processing of affective pain. Drugs that interfere with the endocannabinoid system are alternatives for the management of clinical pain. Cannabidiol (CBD, a phytocannabinoid found in Cannabis sativa, has been utilized in preclinical and clinical studies for the treatment of pain. Herein, we evaluate the effects of CBD, injected either systemically or locally into the rACC, on mechanical allodynia in a postoperative pain model and on the negative reinforcement produced by relief of spontaneous incision pain. Additionally, we explored whether CBD underlies the reward of pain relief after systemic or rACC injection.Methods and Results: Male Wistar rats were submitted to a model of incision pain. All rats had mechanical allodynia, which was less intense after intraperitoneal CBD (3 and 10 mg/kg. Conditioned place preference (CPP paradigm was used to assess negative reinforcement. Intraperitoneal CBD (1 and 3 mg/kg inverted the CPP produced by peripheral nerve block even at doses that do not change mechanical allodynia. CBD (10 to 40 nmol/0.25 μL injected into the rACC reduced mechanical allodynia in a dose-dependent manner. CBD (5 nmol/0.25 μL did not change mechanical allodynia, but reduced peripheral nerve block-induced CPP, and the higher doses inverted the CPP. Additionally, CBD injected systemically or into the rACC at doses that did not change the incision pain evoked by mechanical stimulation significantly produced CPP by itself. Therefore, a non-rewarding dose of CBD in sham-incised rats becomes rewarding in incised rats, presumably because of pain relief or reduction of pain aversiveness.Conclusion: The study provides evidence that CBD influences different dimensions of the response of rats to a surgical incision, and the results establish the rACC as a

  17. Impact of abdominal shape on living liver donor outcomes in mini-incision right hepatic lobectomy: Comparison among 3 techniques.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Safwan, Mohamed; Nagai, Shunji; Collins, Kelly; Rizzari, Michael; Yoshida, Atsushi; Abouljoud, Marwan

    2018-04-01

    Although minimally invasive techniques for living donor hepatectomy have been developed, the surgical feasibility and limitations remain to be elucidated. The risks and outcomes involved need to be better understood prior to their widespread application. The aim of this study was to assess feasibility of minimally invasive donor hepatectomy by reviewing our experience. A total of 99 living donor liver transplantations performed between 2000 and 2016 were retrospectively reviewed. All 99 living liver donors underwent right hepatectomy. The breakdown of the techniques is as follows: the standard technique in 33 patients; the laparoscopic-assisted minilaparotomy technique (hybrid technique group) in 19 patients; and the upper midline incision technique without laparoscopic assistance (minilaparotomy group) in 47 patients. An association between donor operative outcomes and body habitus, such as body mass index (BMI), abdominal truncal depth (approximated by celiac axis [CA] depth ratio), and umbilical circumference (UC) were assessed. Perioperative factors were compared between the standard technique and the minimally invasive technique. The minilaparotomy group had significantly shorter operative time (P = 0.046) and hospital stay (P = 0.005) than the standard technique group. Postoperative complication rates were similar between the 3 groups (P = 0.16). In the minilaparotomy group, greater BMI (P = 0.02), CA depth ratio (P = 0.04), and UC (P = 0.004) were found to be risk factors for postoperative complications. In the minilaparotomy group, CA depth ratio > 0.41, UC > 90 cm, and BMI > 30 kg/m 2 were significantly associated with longer operative time and hospital stay. In the standard technique group, none of the body size factors were associated with postoperative outcomes. In conclusion, the minilaparotomy technique is safe and feasible, though technical difficulties may be encountered when performed on donors with larger body habitus. Ongoing efforts are required

  18. Influence of Incision Location on Transmitter Loss, Healing, Incision Lengths, Suture Retention, and Growth of Juvenile Chinook Salmon

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Panther, Jennifer L.; Brown, Richard S.; Gaulke, Greggory L.; Woodley, Christa M.; Deters, Katherine A.

    2010-05-11

    In this study, conducted by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory for the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Portland District, we measured differences in survival and growth, incision openness, transmitter loss, wound healing, and erythema among abdominal incisions on the linea alba, lateral and parallel to the linea alba (muscle-cutting), and following the underlying muscle fibers (muscle-sparing). A total of 936 juvenile Chinook salmon were implanted with both Juvenile Salmon Acoustic Tracking System transmitters (0.43 g dry) and passive integrated transponder tags. Fish were held at 12°C (n = 468) or 20°C (n = 468) and examined once weekly over 98 days. We found survival and growth did not differ among incision groups or between temperature treatment groups. Incisions on the linea alba had less openness than muscle-cutting and muscle-sparing incisions during the first 14 days when fish were held at 12°C or 20°C. Transmitter loss was not different among incision locations by day 28 when fish were held at 12°C or 20°C. However, incisions on the linea alba had greater transmitter loss than muscle-cutting and muscle-sparing incisions by day 98 at 12°C. Results for wound closure and erythema differed among temperature groups. Results from our study will be used to improve fish-tagging procedures for future studies using acoustic or radio transmitters.

  19. Minimal Nasolabial Incision Technique for Nasolabial Fold Modification in Patients With Facial Paralysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faris, Callum; Heiser, Alyssa; Jowett, Nate; Hadlock, Tessa

    2018-03-01

    Creation of symmetrical nasolabial folds (NLFs) is important in the management of the paralyzed face. Established techniques use a linear incision in the NLF, and technical refinements now allow the linear incision to be omitted. This retrospective case series was conducted in a tertiary care setting from February 2, 2017, to June 7, 2017. Participants were all patients (N = 21) with peripheral facial paralysis who underwent NLF modification that used the minimal nasolabial incision technique at the Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary Facial Nerve Center from February 1, 2015, through August 31, 2016. Patient-reported outcome measures using the validated, quality-of-life Facial Clinimetric Evaluation (FaCE) Scale; clinician-reported facial function outcomes using a validated electronic clinician-graded facial paralysis assessment (eFACE); layperson assessment of the overall aesthetic outcome of the NLF; and expert-clinician scar assessment of the NLF. Of the 21 patients who underwent NLF modification that used the minimal nasolabial incision technique, 9 patients (43%) were female and 12 (57%) were male. The mean age was 41 (range, 9-90) years; 17 patients (81%) were adults (≥18 years) and 4 (19%) were children (<18 years). Overall, significant improvements were observed after NLF modification in all outcome measures as graded by both clinicians and patients. The mean (SD) scores for total eFACE were 60.7 (14.9) before the operation and 77.2 (8.9) after the operation (mean difference, 16.5 [95% CI, 8.5-24.2]; P < .001). The mean (SD) static eFACE scores were 61.4 (20.6) before the operation and 82.7 (12.4) after the operation (mean difference, 21.3 [95% CI, 10.7-31.9]; P < .001). The mean (SD) FaCE quality-of-life scores were 51.3 (20.1) before the operation and 70.3 (12.6) after the operation (mean difference, 19.0 [95% CI, 6.5-31.6]; P  =  .001). The layperson self-assessment of the overall aesthetic outcome of the NLF modification was

  20. Indirect lateral surgical approach modified in hip arthroplasty

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sanchez, Pedro Antonio; Arbelaez, William Rafael

    2006-01-01

    The authors show an another option to the surgical approach to the hip, a lateral indirect modified (ALIM) for the partial or total arthroplasty of primary hip replacement and for revision (RTC), in a retrospective study, series of cases, with average was 7,75 years of follow up (range 6 months-10 years); quick access, easy technically, provide a good orientation of the components of the placement of implants, and allow an excellent exhibition for the complex problems of the reconstruction of the acetabular and the femur. Leaves intact the greater trochanter, improving the rotational stability that is needed in its femoral implant, doesn't injured the gluteus medius and doesn't produces his deficit, reduce the time for the deambulation. This approach is designed for primary cases and complex cases of revision using the mini-incision, with better exposition and less morbid-mortality associated to the surgical technique due to the less bleeding, less incidence of dislocation, thromboembolism and infection because of the little damage and better control of the surrounding soft tissue; better stability, no paralysis or lesion of the sciatic or femoral nerve without incidence of heterotopic ossifications with a better range of external rotation in extension of the hip that with traditional approach of Hardinge, and greater versatility in its indications

  1. Feasibility of single-incision laparoscopic surgery for appendicitis in abnormal anatomical locations: A single surgeon′s initial experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sanoop K Zachariah

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Single-incision laparoscopic surgery is considered as a more technically demanding procedure than the standard laparoscopic surgery. Based on an initial and early experience, single-incision laparoscopic appendectomy (LA was found to be technically advantageous for dealing with appendicitis in unusual anatomical locations. This study aims to highlight the technical advantages of single-incision laparoscopic surgery in dealing with the abnormally located appendixes and furthermore report a case of acute appendicitis occurring in a sub-gastric position, which is probably the first such case to be reported in English literature. Materials and Methods: A retrospective analysis of the first 10 cases of single-incision LA which were performed by a single surgeon is presented here. Results: There were seven females and three males. The mean age of the patients was 30.6 (range 18-52 years, mean BMI was 22.7 (range 17-28 kg/m 2 and the mean operative time was 85.5 (range 45-150 min. The mean postoperative stay was 3.6 (range 1-7 days. The commonest position of the appendix was retro-caecal (50% followed by pelvic (30%. In three cases the appendix was found to be in abnormal locations namely sub-hepatic, sub-gastric and deep pelvic or para-vesical or para-rectal. All these cases could be managed with this technique without any conversions Conclusion: Single-incision laparoscopic surgery appears to be a feasible and safe technique for dealing with appendicitis in rare anatomical locations. Appendectomy may be a suitable procedure for the initial training in single-incision laparoscopic surgery.

  2. Comparative study between endoscopic technique by a proximal port and mini palmary incision in the surgical treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome Estudo comparativo entre a técnica endoscópica pelo portal proximal e a técnica de mini-incisão palmar no tratamento cirúrgico da síndrome do túnel do carpo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo A.R. Pereira

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available The authors present a prospective study comparing two surgical techniques for carpal tunnel release. A minimal - incision open decompression(3 is compared with an endoscopic release(2, that utilizes only a single proximal portal. There were operated on, 28 wrists in 28 patients, with clinical signs and EMG changes consistent on idiopathic carpal tunnel syndrome, that failed under previous conservative treatment. They were randomized into two groups , undertaken surgical treatment, either by endoscopic release or by open decompression. Grip strength (measured by dynamometric, sensitivity (measured by Semmes-Weinstein monofilaments, presence of pain and paresthesia, date of return to activities of daily living and complications were evaluated pre-operative and at 1, 2, 4, 6, 12 weeks after surgery. After 12 months average follow up, the results indicated that this proximal portal endoscopic technique can be safely performed, showing advantages over open conventional method, in terms of sooner return of grip strength, date of return to activities of daily living, and less incidence of pillar pain. No differences in paresthesia resolution, sensibility improvement or complications incidence were found.Os autores apresentam estudo prospectivo onde comparam duas técnicas cirúrgicas empregadas no tratamento de pacientes acometidos pela síndrome do túnel do carpo. A técnica de descompressão por via aberta, através de mini-incisão palmar(3, é analisada em relação à técnica por via endoscópica, descrita por Agee et al.(2, que utiliza apenas um único portal proximal. Foram operados, de forma randomizada, 28 punhos em 28 pacientes com o diagnóstico clínico e eletromiográfico de síndrome do túnel do carpo idiopático, e que não obtiveram melhora com o tratamento conservador prévio. Os seguintes parâmetros, foram analisados no pré-operatório e na primeira, segunda, quarta, sexta e décima segunda semanas de pós-operatório: força de

  3. Assessment of corneal astigmatism following frown and straight incision forms in sutureless manual small incision cataract surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amedo AO

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Angela Ofeibea Amedo, Kwadwo Amoah, Nana Yaa Koomson, David Ben Kumah, Eugene Appenteng Osae Department of Optometry and Visual Science, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana Abstract: To investigate which of two tunnel incision forms (frown versus straight in sutureless manual small incision cataract surgery creates more corneal astigmatism. Sixty eyes of 60 patients who had consented to undergo cataract surgery and to partake in this study were followed from baseline through >12-week postoperative period. Values of preoperative and postoperative corneal astigmatism for the 60 eyes, measured with a Bausch and Lomb keratometer, were extracted from the patients’ cataract surgery records. Residual astigmatism was computed as the difference between preoperative and postoperative keratometry readings. Visual acuity was assessed during the preoperative period and at each postoperative visit with a Snellen chart at 6 m. Fifty eyes of 50 patients were successfully followed-up on. Overall, the mean residual astigmatism was 0.75±0.12 diopters. The differences in mean residual astigmatism between the two different incision groups were statistically significant (t [48]=6.33, P<0.05; frown incision group recorded 1.00±0.12 diopters, whereas the straight incision group recorded 0.50±0.12 diopters. No significant difference was observed between male and female groups (t [48]=0.24, P>0.05. Residual corneal astigmatism in the frown incision group was significantly higher than in the straight incision group. Fisher’s exact test did not reveal a significant association between incision forms and visual acuity during the entire postoperative period (P>0.05. Keywords: cataract, residual corneal astigmatism, frown incision, straight incision

  4. Thoracic disc herniation: Surgical treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Court, C; Mansour, E; Bouthors, C

    2018-02-01

    Thoracic disc herniation is rare and mainly occurs between T8 and L1. The herniation is calcified in 40% of cases and is labeled as giant when it occupies more than 40% of the spinal canal. A surgical procedure is indicated when the patient has severe back pain, stubborn intercostal neuralgia or neurological deficits. Selection of the surgical approach is essential. Mid-line calcified hernias are approached from a transthoracic incision, while lateralized soft hernias can be approached from a posterolateral incision. The complication rate for transthoracic approaches is higher than that of posterolateral approaches; however, the former are performed in more complex herniation cases. The thoracoscopic approach is less invasive but has a lengthy learning curve. Retropleural mini-thoracotomy is a potential compromise solution. Fusion is recommended in cases of multilevel herniation, herniation in the context of Scheuermann's disease, when more than 50% bone is resected from the vertebral body, in patients with preoperative back pain or herniation at the thoracolumbar junction. Along with complications specific to the surgical approach, the surgical risks are neurological worsening, dural breach and subarachnoid-pleural fistulas. Giant calcified herniated discs are the largest contributor to myelopathy, intradural extension and postoperative complications. Some of the technical means that can be used to prevent complications are explored, along with how to address these complications. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  5. Attracting students to surgical careers: preclinical surgical experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antiel, Ryan M; Thompson, Scott M; Camp, Christopher L; Thompson, Geoffrey B; Farley, David R

    2012-01-01

    Along with a decline in interest in general surgery among United States medical school graduates, reports indicate a decrease in the amount of time students are spending on their surgical clerkship. In an effort to offer early exposure to general surgery as well as to equip students with the basic surgical skills that will enhance their third-year clerkship experience, we developed a preclinical surgical experience. Students were surveyed to determine whether the surgical selective changed student level of comfort with basic surgical skills. Surveys were administered, preexperience and postexperience to the medical students enrolled in the surgery selective. The students were asked to rate their comfort level with 12 unique surgical skills. Comfort with the task was evaluated using a 10-point Likert scale. Analyses were conducted to evaluate the impact of the surgical experience on student comfort levels with the surgical skills. The self-reported comfort levels of students increased significantly after the experience in all 12 areas. The greatest change in comfort level (greater than or equal to mean difference of 4) occurred in the surgical technique categories: knot tying (mean difference: 4.9, p < 0.0001), suturing (mean difference: 4.85, p < 0.0001), correctly making an incision (mean difference: 4.95, p < 0.0001), using a needle driver (mean difference: 5.35, p < 0.0001), holding pickups (mean difference: 4.6, p < 0.0001), use of laparoscopic instruments (mean difference: 4.8, p < 0.0001), and use of surgical simulators (mean difference: 6.0, p < 0.0001). Our preclinical surgical experience serves as a model of an effective modality providing early exposure to general surgery. The experience provides trainees with basic surgical skills well before they begin their third-year clerkships. Copyright © 2012 Association of Program Directors in Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  6. A New Electronic Approach for the Surgical Safety Checklist

    OpenAIRE

    Estima, Vanessa das Neves

    2014-01-01

    To improve surgical safety, and to reduce the mortality and surgical complications incidence, the World Health Organization (WHO) developed the Surgical Safety Checklist (SSC). The SSC is a support of information that aids health professionals to reduce the number of complications, induction of anaesthesia, period before skin incision and period before leaving the operating room (OR). The SSC was tested in several countries of the world and their results shown that after introduction...

  7. Intraoperative Assessment of Surgical Margins of Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma Using Frozen Sections: A Practical Clinicopathological Management for Recurrences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shun Miyota

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Local recurrence remains a challenging clinical issue for the treatment of oral squamous cell carcinoma (SCC. We analyzed retrospectively how effective the frozen section technique (FS was against recurrences of oral SCC. Methods. We screened 343 surgical samples from 236 patients who had oral SCC, carcinoma in situ (CIS, or epithelial dysplasia, and we followed up their clinical outcomes for at least 5 years. Histopathological states of surgical margins were compared between FS and surgical materials in relapse and relapse-free groups, respectively. Results. Among the 236 patients, 191 were classified into the relapse-free group, and 45 into the relapse group. FS was more frequently performed in the relapse-free group (128/191 than in the relapse group (83/152. Histopathologically, moderate dysplasia or CIS (borderline malignancies and SCC were recognized in 55 samples of the relapse-free group and in 57 of the relapse group. For those surgical margins with borderline malignancies, additional incisions were performed in 38 of the 55 relapse-free cases, which reduced to 20 from the 38 margins with borderline malignancies (47.4% reduction, and in 39 of the 57 relapse cases, which reduced to only 3 of 39 (7.7% reduction. Conclusions. The intraoperative assessment of surgical margins by FS is essential in preventing recurrences of oral mucosal malignancies.

  8. Mortality in Emergency Surgical Oncology

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bosscher, M. R. F.; van Leeuwen, B. L.; Hoekstra, H. J.

    Cancer patients can experience problems related to their disease or treatment. This study evaluated reasons for presentation at the emergency room (ER) and outcome of surgical oncology patients. A retrospective chart review for all surgical oncology patients who presented at the ER of the UMCG for

  9. Increased Total Anesthetic Time Leads to Higher Rates of Surgical Site Infections in Spinal Fusions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Puffer, Ross C; Murphy, Meghan; Maloney, Patrick; Kor, Daryl; Nassr, Ahmad; Freedman, Brett; Fogelson, Jeremy; Bydon, Mohamad

    2017-06-01

    A retrospective review of a consecutive series of spinal fusions comparing patient and procedural characteristics of patients who developed surgical site infections (SSIs) after spinal fusion. It is known that increased surgical time (incision to closure) is associated with a higher rate of postoperative SSIs. We sought to determine whether increased total anesthetic time (intubation to extubation) is a factor in the development of SSIs as well. In spine surgery for deformity and degenerative disease, SSI has been associated with operative time, revealing a nearly 10-fold increase in SSI rates in prolonged surgery. Surgical time is associated with infections in other surgical disciplines as well. No studies have reported whether total anesthetic time (intubation to extubation) has an association with SSIs. Surgical records were searched in a retrospective fashion to identify all spine fusion procedures performed between January 2010 and July 2012. All SSIs during that timeframe were recorded and compared with the list of cases performed between 2010 and 2012 in a case-control design. There were 20 (1.7%) SSIs in this fusion cohort. On univariate analyses of operative factors, there was a significant association between total anesthetic time (Infection 7.6 ± 0.5 hrs vs. no infection -6.0 ± 0.1 hrs, P operative time (infection 5.5 ± 0.4 hrs vs. no infection - 4.4 ± 0.06 hrs, P infections, whereas level of pathology and emergent surgery were not significant. On multivariate logistic analysis, BMI and total anesthetic time remained independent predictors of SSI whereas ASA status and operative time did not. Increasing BMI and total anesthetic time were independent predictors of SSIs in this cohort of over 1000 consecutive spinal fusions. 3.

  10. Wound temperature profiles of coaxial mini-incision versus sleeveless microincision phacoemulsification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belkin, Avner; Abulafia, Adi; Michaeli, Adi; Ofir, Shay; Assia, Ehud I

    2017-04-01

    Temperature profiles at the corneal wound of coaxial mini-incision (2.4 mm) cataract surgery and sleeveless microincision (1.1 mm) cataract surgery were compared. Prospective, controlled, paired-eye clinical trial conducted in a tertiary care hospital. Twenty patients with mild-to-moderate bilateral nuclear sclerotic cataract. Twenty patients underwent bilateral cataract surgery within a 1-month period. One eye was operated on by conventional coaxial mini-incision (2.4 mm) phacoemulsification. The second eye underwent microincision surgery by using a naked phacoemulsification tip and a specialized 19-gauge anterior chamber maintainer as the sole fluid source (three-port microincision cataract surgery technique). Patients had moderate bilateral cataracts with no other anterior segment pathology. Temperature at the corneal wound was constantly recorded by using infrared thermal imaging. Temperatures at the corneal wound. Mean temperatures at the corneal surgical wound were not significantly different between the coaxial and sleeveless groups (31.1 °C ± 2.3 vs. 31.0 °C ± 2. 0; P = 0.89). There was also no difference in maximum temperatures reached during phaco-emulsification. Temperatures did not rise above 40 °C during any surgery, and there were no corneal burns. Final visual acuity and intraoperative and postoperative complication rates were similar between the two groups. The temperature profile at the surgical wound using a microincisional sleeveless phacoemulsification technique is comparable with that of the conventional coaxial mini-incision method. © 2016 Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Ophthalmologists.

  11. Polydioxanone versus polypropylene closure for midline abdominal incisions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Naz, S.; Jamali, M.A.

    2017-01-01

    Background: Midline laparotomy is the most common technique of abdominal incisions because it is simple, provides adequate exposure to all four quadrants, and is rapid to open. A major problem after midline laparotomy remains the adequate technique of abdominal fascia closure. This study was conducted to see the role of Polydioxanone and Prolene for midline abdominal closure in terms of postoperative wound infection and wound pain. Methods: This study was carried out at surgical unit II, Federal Government Services Hospital Islamabad. Patients were equally divided in two groups, i.e., A and B. Groups A and B patients undergone midline abdominal closure with Polydioxanone number 1 and Polypropylene number 1 sutures respectively. Results: Total 620 patients were included in this study. Post-operative wound pain score according to Visual analogue scale (VAS) was compared in terms of no pain (0), mild pain (1-3), moderate pain (4-6), severe pain (7-9). In group A (Polydioxanone), the frequency and percentages of no, mild, moderate and severe pain were 101 (32.6%), 95 (30.6%), 81 (26.1%) and 33 (10.6%) respectively, where as in group B (polypropylene) it was 82 (26.5%), 43 (13.9%), 59 (19%) and 126 (40.6%) respectively. Similarly, the frequency and percentages of post-operative wound infection in group A (Polydioxanone) and group B (polypropylene) was 105 (33.9%) and 208 (67.1%) respectively. Conclusion: Polydioxanone results in less wound pain and wound infection when compared to Polypropylene. (author)

  12. Iodine-impregnated incision drape and bacterial recolonization in simulated total knee arthroplasty

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Milandt, Nikolaj; Nymark, Tine; Jørn Kolmos, Hans

    2016-01-01

    Background and purpose - Iodine-impregnated incision drapes (IIIDs) are used to prevent surgical site infection (SSI). However, there is some evidence to suggest a potential increase in SSI risk as a result of IIID use, possibly from promotion of skin recolonization. A greater number of viable...... bacteria in the surgical field of an arthroplasty, and surgery in general, may increase the infection risk. We investigated whether IIID use increases bacterial recolonization compared to no drape use under conditions of simulated total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Methods - 20 patients scheduled for TKA were...... recruited. Each patient had 1 knee randomized for draping with IIID, while the contralateral knee was left bare. The patients thus served as their own control. The operating room conditions and perioperative procedures of a TKA were simulated. Cylinder samples were collected from the skin of each knee prior...

  13. The anterolateral incision for pilon fracture surgery: an anatomic study of cutaneous blood supply.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fisher, Brent E; Nathan, Senthil T; Acland, Robert D; Roberts, Craig S

    2011-06-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the blood supply to the adjacent skin and its vulnerability to anterolateral tibial plating performed with fibular plating through a single surgical incision. Ten lightly embalmed cadaver legs without a history of lower extremity trauma or surgery with a mean age of 71 years (range, 57 to 87 years) were used for this investigation. Each specimen was injected with a commercially available silicone compound through the popliteal artery. The left leg was plated through a modified extensile Böhler approach and the right leg served as the control. Each leg was anatomically dissected. All measurements were taken using a digital caliper by a single investigator. A mean of 93 (range, 4 to 17) perforating arteries were present and in the proximity of the fibula plate. Our findings suggest the potential for iatrogenic soft tissue breakdown along the posterior border of the anterolateral surgical incision in this procedure as a result of compromised blood supply to the skin.

  14. Incidence and outcome of contrast-associated acute kidney injury assessed with Risk, Injury, Failure, Loss, and End-stage kidney disease (RIFLE) criteria in critically ill patients of medical and surgical intensive care units: a retrospective study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Myoung Hwa; Koh, Shin Ok; Kim, Eun Jung; Cho, Jin Sun; Na, Sung-Won

    2015-01-01

    Contrast medium used for radiologic tests can decrease renal function. However there have been few studies on contrast-associated acute kidney injury in intensive care unit (ICU) patients. The objective of this study was to evaluate the incidence, characteristics, and outcome of contrast-associated acute kidney injury (CA-AKI) patients using the Risk, Injury, Failure, Loss, and End-stage kidney disease (RIFLE) criteria in critically ill patients in the ICU. We conducted a retrospective study of adult patients who underwent contrast-enhanced radiologic tests from January 2011 to December 2012 in a 30-bed medical ICU and a 24-bed surgical ICU. The study included 335 patients, and the incidence of CA-AKI was 15.5%. The serum creatinine and estimated glomerular filtration rate values in the CA-AKI patients did not recover even at discharge from the hospital compared with the values prior to the contrast use. Among 52 CA-AKI patients, 55.8% (n = 29) had pre-existing kidney injury and 44.2% (n = 23) did not. The CA-AKI patients were divided into risk (31%), injury (31%), and failure (38%) by the RIFLE classification. The percentage of patients in whom AKI progressed to a more severe form (failure, loss, end-stage kidney disease) increased from 38% to 45% during the hospital stay, and the recovery rate of AKI was 17% at the time of hospital discharge. Because the Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) II score was the only significant variable inducing CA-AKI, higher APACHE II scores were associated with a higher risk of CA-AKI. The ICU and hospital mortality of patients with CA-AKI was significantly higher than in patients without CA-AKI. CA-AKI is associated with increases in hospital mortality, and can be predicted by the APACHE score. NCT01807195 on March. 06. 2013.

  15. Single and dual incision technique for acute distal biceps rupture: clinical and functional outcomes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guglielmino, Claudia; Massimino, Paolo; Ioppolo, Francesco; Castorina, Sergio; Musumeci, Giuseppe; Di Giunta, Angelo

    2016-01-01

    Summary Background Distal bicep tendon injuries are a traumatic event though rather rare. The pathogenesis is not entirely clear. The most common cause for injury is an unexpected load on the biceps when the elbow is in an extended position. Although several studies have provided insight into the pathogenetic processes of the lesion, the literature suggests to treat all injuries surgically (whether partial or total) if there is high functional demand. Methods Between January 2006 and March 2016 were studied 20 patients surgically treated for a disconnected distal bicep, 15 with a total lesion and 5 with a partial lesion. The patients were divided into 2 groups. Surgical access with single incision was performed on 13 patients while a double surgical access was performed on 7 patients. The clinical and functional results were studied using an Ewald System Score (ESS). Results In both groups, the most rapid improvement was achieved for the parameters of pain and deformity with excellent results, while those of function and movement were normalized as gradual and progressive over next 2 months. Conclusion The clinical and functional outcomes during the follow-up examination after surgery showed excellent results in patients treated with both types of surgical procedures. PMID:28217566

  16. "Chopstick" surgery: a novel technique improves surgeon performance and eliminates arm collision in robotic single-incision laparoscopic surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joseph, Rohan A; Goh, Alvin C; Cuevas, Sebastian P; Donovan, Michael A; Kauffman, Matthew G; Salas, Nilson A; Miles, Brian; Bass, Barbara L; Dunkin, Brian J

    2010-06-01

    Single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) is limited by the coaxial arrangement of the instruments. A surgical robot with wristed instruments could overcome this limitation, but the arms often collide when working coaxially. This study tests a new technique of "chopstick" surgery to enable use of the robotic arms through a single incision without collision. Experiments were conducted utilizing the da Vinci S robot (Intuitive Surgical, Inc., Sunnyvale, CA) in a Fundamentals of Laparoscopic Surgery (FLS) box trainer with three laparoscopic ports (1 x 12 mm, 2 x 5 mm) introduced through a single "incision." Pilot work determined the optimal setup for SILS to be a triangular port arrangement with 2-cm trocar distance and remote center at the abdominal wall. Using this setup, five experienced robotic surgeons performed three FLS tasks utilizing either a standard robotic arm setup or the chopstick technique. The chopstick arrangement crosses the instruments at the abdominal wall so that the right instrument is on the left side of the target and the left instrument on the right. This results in separation of the robotic arms outside the box. To correct for the change in handedness, the robotic console is instructed to drive the "left" instrument with the right-hand effector and the "right" instrument with the left. Performances were compared while measuring time, errors, number of clutching maneuvers, and degree of instrument collision (Likert scale 1-4). Compared with the standard setup, the chopstick configuration increased surgeon dexterity and global performance through significantly improved performance times, eliminating instrument collision, and decreasing number of camera manipulations, clutching maneuvers, and errors during all tasks. Chopstick surgery significantly enhances the functionality of the surgical robot when working through a small single incision. This technique will enable surgeons to utilize the robot for SILS and possibly for intraluminal or

  17. Triple pelvic osteotomy in Legg-Calve-Perthes disease using a single anterolateral incision: a 4-year review.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Conroy, Eimear

    2010-07-01

    Femoral head incongruency at skeletal maturity is associated with the development of osteoarthritis in early adulthood. Containment of the femoral head provides a larger surface area for remodelling of the collapsed femoral head and the development of spherical congruency. Triple pelvic osteotomy has a role to play in Legg-Calve-Perthes\\' disease by improving femoral head containment and preventing subluxation. This is traditionally a two-incision approach with significant associated morbidity. In our unit we perform triple osteotomies through a single anterolateral incision. To retrospectively review the clinical and radiographic outcome of children who had triple osteotomies performed through a single incision over a 4-year period. In our unit from 2003 to 2006 we performed eight triple osteotomies through a single incision in children aged between 6 and 12 years with Legg-Calve-Perthes\\' disease. The procedure was performed through a single anterolateral incision made beneath the middle of the iliac crest and carried forward according to Salter\\'s osteotomy. Image intensification was used to confirm iliac, pubic and ischial cuts. After performing a standard Salter\\'s osteotomy the acetabular fragment was free to rotate anteriorly and laterally. None of the children were casted and all were allowed immediate mobilization nonweight bearing with crutches for 6 weeks. Clinical results and hip function were measured preoperatively and postoperatively using the modified Harris hip score. The average length of hospital stay was 4.7 days. None of the children had a nonunion. The centre edge angle of Wiberg was measured on all preoperative and postoperative anteroposterior pelvic radiographs. In all our patients there was an improvement in the centre edge angle of Wiberg and in the modified Harris hip score. The preoperative modified Harris hip scores ranged from 38 to 60 and postoperatively ranged from 77 to 92. The preoperative centre edge angle of Wiberg ranged

  18. Cyclic steps incised on experimental bedrock

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yokokawa, M.; Kyogoku, A.; Kotera, A.; Izumi, N.

    2013-12-01

    the step shape has been predicted by the mathematical model (Izumi et al., 2012). Among three cases of sediment supply: 1 g/sec, 3 g/sec, and 6 g/sec with fixed water discharge (52 g/sec), the erosion rate was maximized in the cases of the sediment supply of 3 g/sec both in the cement-sand-water ratios of 2:150:50 and 3:150:50. The erosion rate is higher in the case of the moderate amount of sediment supply rather than in the case of the largest amount of sediment supply in which the alluvial cover effect inhibited erosion. This result is consistent with that observed in previous studies (Sklar & Dietrich, 2004; Johnson & Whipple, 2010). References Izumi, N., Yokokawa, M. & Parker G. 2012. Cyclic step morphology formed on bedrock. Annual Journal of Hydraulic Engineering 68(4) : I_955-I_960. Johnson, J.P.L. & Whipple, K.X. 2010. Evaluating the controls of shear stress, sediment supply, alluvial cover, and channel morphology on experimental bedrock incision rate. Journal of Geophysical Research 115, F02018, doi:10.1029/2009JF001335. Sklar, L.S. & Dietrich, W.E. 2004. A mechanistic model for river incision into bedrock by sultating bedload. Water Resources Re-search 40, W06301, doi:10.1029/2003WR002496.

  19. A skin abscess model for teaching incision and drainage procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fitch, Michael T; Manthey, David E; McGinnis, Henderson D; Nicks, Bret A; Pariyadath, Manoj

    2008-07-03

    Skin and soft tissue infections are increasingly prevalent clinical problems, and it is important for health care practitioners to be well trained in how to treat skin abscesses. A realistic model of abscess incision and drainage will allow trainees to learn and practice this basic physician procedure. We developed a realistic model of skin abscess formation to demonstrate the technique of incision and drainage for educational purposes. The creation of this model is described in detail in this report. This model has been successfully used to develop and disseminate a multimedia video production for teaching this medical procedure. Clinical faculty and resident physicians find this model to be a realistic method for demonstrating abscess incision and drainage. This manuscript provides a detailed description of our model of abscess incision and drainage for medical education. Clinical educators can incorporate this model into skills labs or demonstrations for teaching this basic procedure.

  20. Open surgical management of high energy ipsilateral fractures of the fibula and calcaneus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scolaro, John A; Roberts, Zachary V; Benirschke, Stephen K; Barei, David P

    2015-09-01

    Simultaneous ipsilateral fractures of the calcaneus and fibula are the result of high-energy injuries. Open surgical treatment of both fractures can be performed with incisions based on the described blood supply of the lower extremity. A retrospective review for all patients with ipsilateral fractures of the calcaneus and fibula was performed over an eight-year period. Thirty-eight patients were identified. Eleven patients (28.9%) were treated with open reduction and internal fixation through two separate incisions. Average follow-up was 48.8 weeks. Two patients (18.1%) required a secondary procedure. Three patients (27.2%) developed incisional cellulitis that resolved with oral antibiotics and one patient required local wound care. All fractures united. Ipsilateral fractures of the calcaneus and fibula require open reduction and internal fixation when closed or percutaneous treatment is not appropriate. We describe an operative approach based on the angiosomes of the lower extremity that allows for treatment of these complex injuries and report the associated complications. Copyright © 2014 European Foot and Ankle Society. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  1. Morphodynamic Model of Submarine Canyon Incision by Sandblasting

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, L.; Parker, G.; Izumi, N.; Cartigny, M.; Li, T.; Wang, G.

    2017-12-01

    Submarine canyons are carved by turbidity currents under the deep sea. As opposed to subaerial canyons, the relevant processes are not easy to observe directly. Turbidity currents are bottom-hugging sediment gravity flows of that can incise or deposit on the seafloor to create submarine canyons or fans. The triggers of turbidity currents can be storms, edge waves, internal waves, canyon wall sapping, delta failure, breaching and hyperpycnal flows. The formation and evolution mechanisms of submarine canyons are similar to those of subaerial canyons, but have substantial differences. For example, sandblasting, rather than wear due to colliding gravel clasts is more likely to be the mechanism of bedrock incision. Submarine canyons incise downward, and often develop meander bends and levees within the canyon, so defining "fairways". Here we propose a simple model for canyon incision. The starting point of our model is the Macro Roughness Saltation Abrasion Alluviation model of Zhang et al. [2015], designed for bedrock incision by gravel clasts in mixed bedrock-alluvial rivers. We adapt this formulation to consider sandblasting as a means of wear. We use a layer-averaged model for turbidity current dynamics. The current contains a mixture of mud, which helps drive the flow but which does not cause incision, and sand, which is the agent of incision. We show that the model can successfully model channel downcutting, and indeed illustrate the early formation of net incisional cyclic steps, i.e. upstream-migrating undulations on the bed associated with transcritical (in the Froude sense) flow. These steps can be expected to abet the process of incision.

  2. Diathermy versus scalpel incisions for open cholecystectomy comparative study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ali, M.A.; Niazi, W.A.K.

    2014-01-01

    The aim of the study was to make a comparison between skin incisions made with electrocautery versus scalpel in terms of their safety, efficacy and post-operative complications. Design: A randomized controlled study. Setting: The study was conducted in Combined Military Hospital (CMH) Kharian, Pakistan airforce (PAF) Hospital Sargodha. Duration of Study: May 2008 to August 2011. Patients and Methods: Ninety seven patients who underwent open cholecystectomy were randomly divided into two groups on the basis of the use of electrocautery versus steel scalpel for making skin incision and sub-cutaneous tissue dissection. Parameters recorded were, time taken from skin incision to full incising of the peritoneum, length of the wound, amount of blood loss during this step of surgery in each group. Post-operative pain scoring using visual analogue scale was done. Wound complications such as infection, haematoma/seroma and dehiscence were noted too. One month of follow up was recorded in each group. Subsequently a comparison of these findings was done. Results: Incision time (sec/cm/sub 2/) was longer in scalpel group than in diathermy group (p = 0.001), whereas, incision blood loss (ml/cm/sub 2/) was significantly less in diathermy group than in scalpel group (p = 0.03). There was no difference in post-operative pain perception as delineated by visual pain analogue scoring system between the two groups (p = 0.57). Post-operative wound complications and the final healing of wound at 01 month of follow-up were almost similar in both groups. Conclusion: Electrocautery may be used safely without any untoward complication in making skin incision and sub-cutaneous tissue dissection with an advantage of reduced incision time and and less blood loss. (author)

  3. Midfacial rejuvenation via a minimal-incision brow-lift approach: critical evaluation of a 5-year experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Edwin F; Vargas, Hannah; Dahiya, Ravinder; Hove, Christopher R; Rodgers, Bret J; Lam, Samuel M

    2003-01-01

    To evaluate the surgical technique, cosmetic results, and complications of patients who underwent a midface-lift via a minimal-incision brow-lift performed by the senior author (E.F.W.). Private, ambulatory surgical center. A retrospective review of 325 midface-lifts performed over a 5-year period by a single surgeon. Patients A total of 325 consecutive patients who underwent a midface-lift, with or without concurrent rhytidectomy and other adjunctive procedures, and who completed 3 months of follow-up were reviewed for perioperative complications. One hundred patients who had complete photographic and chart records and who had a minimum of 6 months of follow-up were randomly selected for photographic rating and chart review. Of the patients who had a minimum of 1 year of follow-up, 50 were randomly selected to determine if midfacial elevation led to any evidence of lateral-canthal distortion. Midfacial elevation was assessed in 3 facial zones by 3 independent evaluators. Zone I represents the malar-infraorbital complex; zone II, the nasolabial sulcus; and zone III, the jawline. The zones were rated on a scale from 0 to 2 (0, no improvement; 1, mild improvement; and 2, marked improvement). Change in the lateral-canthal position was measured in the vertical and horizontal axis for each eye. All complications were recorded. The 3 independent evaluators correlated well in their scores (kappa = 0.643) and found that most patients showed the best improvements in zone I, with 70% of patients showing marked improvement (Pjawline (zone III). Although the postoperative lateral-canthal position revealed statistically significant vertical elevation of the lateral canthus on the right side, this finding did not correlate with any perceived clinical significance by the reviewer or patient (P<.01). Temporary morbidity included 2 subperiosteal abscesses and 3 frontal and 1 buccal facial nerve neuropraxias that resolved by 6 months. Permanent complications included 1 case of

  4. Rectus abdominis atrophy after ventral abdominal incisions: midline versus chevron.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vigneswaran, Y; Poli, E; Talamonti, M S; Haggerty, S P; Linn, J G; Ujiki, M B

    2017-08-01

    Although many outcomes have been compared between a midline and chevron incision, this is the first study to examine rectus abdominis atrophy after these two types of incisions. Patients undergoing open pancreaticobiliary surgery between 2007 and 2011 at our single institution were included in this study. Rectus abdominis muscle thickness was measured on both preoperative and follow-up computed tomography (CT) scans to calculate percent atrophy of the muscle after surgery. At average follow-up of 24.5 and 19.0 months, respectively, rectus abdominis atrophy was 18.9% greater in the chevron (n = 30) than in the midline (n = 180) group (21.8 vs. 2.9%, p 20% atrophy at follow-up compared with 10% with a midline incision [odds ratio (OR) 9.0, p atrophy of the rectus abdominis compared with midline incisions. The long-term effects of transecting the rectus abdominis and disrupting its innervation creates challenging abdominal wall pathology. Atrophy of the abdominal wall can not be readily fixed with an operation, and this significant side effect of a transverse incision should be factored into the surgeon's decision-making process when choosing a transverse over a midline incision.

  5. Descending necrotizing mediastinitis: surgical management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Papalia, E; Rena, O; Oliaro, A; Cavallo, A; Giobbe, R; Casadio, C; Maggi, G; Mancuso, M

    2001-10-01

    Descending necrotizing mediastinitis (DNM) is a primary complication of cervical or odontogenical infections that can spread to the mediastinum through the anatomic cervical spaces. Between April 1994 and April 2000, 13 patients, mean age 39.23+/-18.47 (median 38, range 16-67) years, with DNM were submitted to surgical treatment. Primary odontogenic abscess occurred in six, peritonsillar abscess in five and post-traumatic cervical abscess in two patients. Diagnosis was confirmed by computed tomography (CT) of the neck and chest. All patients underwent surgical drainage of the cervico-mediastinal regions by a bilateral collar incision associated with right thoracotomy in ten cases. Six patients out of 13 required reoperation. Two patients previously submitted only to cervical drainage required thoracotomy; four patients, which have been submitted to cervico-thoracic drainage, underwent contralateral thoracotomy in two cases and ipsilateral reoperation in two cases. Ten patients evolved well and were discharged without major sequelae; three patients died of multiorgan failure related to septic shock. Mortality rate was 23%. Early diagnosis by CT of the neck and chest suggest a rapid indication of surgical approach to DNM. Ample cervicotomy associated with mediastinal drainage via large thoracotomic incision is essential in managing these critically ill patients and can significantly reduce the mortality rate for this condition, often affecting young people, to acceptable values.

  6. Chlorhexidine-alcohol compared with povidone-iodine for surgical-site antisepsis in cesarean deliveries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Menderes, Gulden; Athar Ali, Nishath; Aagaard, Kjersti; Sangi-Haghpeykar, Haleh

    2012-11-01

    To estimate the incidence of surgical-site infection with use of chlorhexidine-alcohol compared with povidone-iodine among women undergoing cesarean deliveries. This was a retrospective cohort review of 1,000 consecutive cases in women who underwent cesarean delivery over a 1-year interval. The primary outcome was any surgical-site infection within 30 days (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention criterion). Mean age and parity were equivalent (29.8±5.9 years; 2.6±1.4). Women were similar regarding baseline characteristics, including acknowledged surgical-site infection comorbidities (body mass index [BMI, calculated as weight (kg)/[height (m)]2], gestational diabetes, smoking; P>.05). Method of skin incision closure was different, with 91% among povidine-iodine compared with 81% among chlorhexidine-alcohol using staples (Pcesarean delivery (29% compared with 46%; Pinfection, the overall rate was similar between the two groups (5% [n=25] chlorhexidine and 5.8% [n=29] povidone-iodine; P=.58). In multivariable analysis and after control for potential confounders, odds for surgical-site infection remained similar between the two groups (adjusted odds ratio 0.74, 95% confidence interval 0.41-1.33; P=.32). The only significant predictor of surgical-site infection was duration of cesarean delivery, in which every 1-minute increase in duration increased the odds for infection by 1.3% (adjusted odds ratio 1.013, 95% CI 1.004-1.022; P=.004). The single significant predictor of surgical-site infection is operative time. Cleansing with povidone-iodine may be a cost-effective and equally efficacious alternative to chlorhexidine-alcohol among women undergoing cesarean deliveries. II.

  7. Influência do açúcar no processo de cicatrização de incisões cirúrgicas infectadas Influencia del azúcar en el proceso de cicatrización de insiciones quirúrgicas infectadas A microbiological study about the effect of sugar on the scarring of infected surgical incisions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria do Carmo Lourenço Haddad

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Trata-se de um estudo experimental, realizado através de análises microbiológicas, que teve por objetivo avaliar a influência do açúcar cristal no processo de cicatrização de incisões cirúrgicas infectadas de 25 pacientes. Nas deiscências foram identificadas as presenças de bactérias gram positivas, gram negativas e fungos. Todos os indivíduos receberam antibioticoterapia sistêmica e tiveram suas incisões tratadas localmente com açúcar cristal, através de 3 curativos diários. A análise estatística demonstrou, através da correlação de Pearson, que o açúcar cristal não influenciou o processo de cicatrização de incisões cirúrgicas infectadas de indivíduos desnutridos, obesos e com idade avançada.Se trata de un estudio experimental, realizado a través de análisis microbiológicos, que tuvo como objetivo evaluar la influencia del azúcar cristal en el proceso de cicatrización de incisiones quirúrgicas infectadas de 25 pacientes. En las dehiscencias fue identificada la presencia de bacterias "gram positivas", "gram negativas y hongos. Todos los individuos recibieron antibioticoterápia sistémica y tuvieron sus incisiones tratadas localmente con azúcar cristal, a través de tres curaciones diarias. El análisis estadístico mostró, a través de la correlación de Pearson, que el azucar cristal no influenció el proceso de cicatrización de incisiones quirúrgicas infectadas de individuos desnutridos, obesos y con edad evanzada.This is an experimental research based on microbiological analysis. Our aim was to evaluate the influence of sugar on the healing process of infected surgical wounds in 25 patients. On the dehiscences, there have been identified gram positive and gram negative bacteria, and fungi as well. Every patient was administered systemic antibiotics and had the wounds treated locally with cristal sugar three times a day. Statistics showed, by Person's correlation, that sugar did not influence on the

  8. Effects of intraoperative irradiation on gastric and urinary bladder incisions in the dog

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Craig, J.A.; Sigler, R.; Walker, M.

    1985-01-01

    Fourteen adult dogs of mixed breeding were given intraoperative irradiation (25 Gy) after surgical incisions were made into the greater curvature of the stomach and the ventral surface of the urinary bladder. Sequential biopsy samples were obtained 10 days to 180 days after surgical operation. All irradiated stomachs developed gastritis and persistent ulceration of the irradiated field. Microscopic changes induced by irradiation of both the bladder and stomach progressed from severe submucosal edema to severe submucosal fibrosis. A parallel progression of fibrinoid degeneration of the small blood vessels was seen in both organs. Severe gastric ulceration persisted up to 180 days after irradiation, although a degree of mucous neck cell and gastric gland regeneration did occur. Pathologic changes were less severe in the bladder than in the stomach. The bladder had greater resiliency and capability for healing and, in contrast to the stomach, showed a capability to reepithelialize the radiation-induced ulcers. Conclusions of this study are as follows: (a) the canine urinary bladder tolerated intraoperative radiation therapy after tissue resection better than did the canine stomach, (b) the combination of surgical operation and irradiation resulted in a more prolonged and complicated healing pattern than did either procedure alone, and (c) the introduction of a surgical procedure upon irradiated tissue within an undetermined time span relative to irradiation resulted in a similar pattern of disturbed healing

  9. Effects of entonox in comparison of lidocaine on pain severity during episiotomy incision in nulliparous women: A randomized control trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Azam Honarmandpour

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Background & Aim: Episiotomy is one of the most common surgical procedures in obstetrics, which requires analgesia. Entonox gas is known to have analgesic and sedative properties. However, no studies have been found on the analgesic effects of Entonox on episiotomy incision. Therefore, this study aimed to compare the effects of Entonox and lidocaine on pain intensity during episiotomy incision in nulliparous women. Materials and Methods: This randomized controlled trial was conducted on 120 term nulliparous women, who met the inclusion criteria. Subjects were selected by randomized sampling and equally divided into two groups of intervention and control (n=60. In the intervention group, Entonox gas was applied two minutes before episiotomy incision until the end of the procedure. On the other hand, the control group received 5 ml of lidocaine 2% as routine care before episiotomy incision. Data were collected using visual analogue scale to compare the study groups in terms of pain intensity. In addition, patient satisfaction with pain management technique during episiotomy and side effects of Entonox were assessed. Data analysis was performed in SPSS version 22 using Mann-Whitney U and Chi-square tests, and P value of less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: In this study, no significant difference was observed between the intervention and control groups regarding pain intensity (P=0.52. Moreover, no significant difference was observed in the satisfaction level of the two groups (P=0.70. Conclusion: According to the results of this study, Entonox could be used as an effective and noninvasive alternative to lidocaine to reduce pain during episiotomy incision without significant side effects.

  10. Longer travel time to district hospital worsens neonatal outcomes: a retrospective cross-sectional study of the effect of delays in receiving emergency cesarean section in Rwanda.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niyitegeka, Joseph; Nshimirimana, Georges; Silverstein, Allison; Odhiambo, Jackline; Lin, Yihan; Nkurunziza, Theoneste; Riviello, Robert; Rulisa, Stephen; Banguti, Paulin; Magge, Hema; Macharia, Martin; Habimana, Regis; Hedt-Gauthier, Bethany

    2017-07-25

    In low-resource settings, access to emergency cesarean section is associated with various delays leading to poor neonatal outcomes. In this study, we described the delays a mother faces when needing emergency cesarean delivery and assessed the effect of these delays on neonatal outcomes in Rwanda. This retrospective study included 441 neonates and their mothers who underwent emergency cesarean section in 2015 at three district hospitals in Rwanda. Four delays were measured: duration of labor prior to hospital admission, travel time from health center to district hospital, time from admission to surgical incision, and time from decision for emergency cesarean section to surgical incision. Neonatal outcomes were categorized as unfavorable (APGAR cesarean sections started within 5 h after hospital admission and 85.2% (288 of 338) started more than 30 min after the decision for cesarean section was made. Neonatal outcomes were significantly worse among mothers with more than 90 min of travel time from the health center to the district hospital compared to mothers referred from health centers located on the same compound as the hospital (aOR = 5.12, p = 0.02). Neonates with cesarean deliveries starting more than 30 min after decision for cesarean section had better outcomes than those starting immediately (aOR = 0.32, p = 0.04). Longer travel time between health center and district hospital was associated with poor neonatal outcomes, highlighting a need to decrease barriers to accessing emergency maternal services. However, longer decision to incision interval posed less risk for adverse neonatal outcome. While this could indicate thorough pre-operative interventions including triage and resuscitation, this relationship should be studied prospectively in the future.

  11. Surgical and Clinical Decision Making in Isolated Long Thoracic Nerve Palsy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noland, Shelley S; Krauss, Emily M; Felder, John M; Mackinnon, Susan E

    2017-10-01

    Isolated long thoracic nerve palsy results in scapular winging and destabilization. In this study, we review the surgical management of isolated long thoracic nerve palsy and suggest a surgical technique and treatment algorithm to simplify management. In total, 19 patients who required surgery for an isolated long thoracic nerve palsy were reviewed retrospectively. Preoperative demographics, electromyography (EMG), and physical examinations were reviewed. Intraoperative nerve stimulation, surgical decision making, and postoperative outcomes were reviewed. In total, 19 patients with an average age of 32 were included in the study. All patients had an isolated long thoracic nerve palsy caused by either an injury (58%), Parsonage-Turner syndrome (32%), or shoulder surgery (10%); 18 patients (95%) underwent preoperative EMG; 10 with evidence of denervation (56%); and 13 patients had motor unit potentials in the serratus anterior (72%). The preoperative EMG did not correlate with intraoperative nerve stimulation in 13 patients (72%) and did correlate in 5 patients (28%); 3 patients had a nerve transfer (3 thoracodorsal to long thoracic at lateral chest, 1 pec to long thoracic at supraclavicular incision). In the 3 patients who had a nerve transfer, there was return of full forward flexion of the shoulder at an average of 2.5 months. A treatment algorithm based on intraoperative nerve stimulation will help guide surgeons in their clinical decision making in patients with isolated long thoracic nerve palsy. Intraoperative nerve stimulation is the gold standard in the management of isolated long thoracic nerve palsy.

  12. Retrospective analysis of orbital floor fractures--complications, outcome, and review of literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gosau, Martin; Schöneich, Moritz; Draenert, Florian G; Ettl, Tobias; Driemel, Oliver; Reichert, Torsten E

    2011-06-01

    This retrospective study aimed at investigating indications, surgical approaches, and the materials used for orbital floor reconstructions, as well as the clinical follow-up, particularly with regard to postoperative complications. This study comprised 189 patients who underwent surgery for fractures of the orbital floor between 2003 and 2007. Diagnosis and treatment were based on both physical examination and computed tomography scan of the orbit. Patients were retrospectively analyzed for data, such as mechanism of injury, classification of fracture, and complications. The most common cause of injury was physical assault followed by traffic accidents. Surgery was conducted with a mean delay of 2.9 days after the incident. Mid lower eyelid incision was the most common surgical approach to the orbital floor. For orbital floor reconstruction, polydioxanone sheets (70.5%) were mainly used, followed by Ethisorb Dura (23.3%) and titanium mesh (6.2%). There were 19.0% of patients who showed postoperative complications: 5.8% suffered from persisting motility impairment, 3.7% from enophthalmos, 3.2% from consistent diplopia, 2.6% from ectropion, and 0.5% from orbital infection. Intraorbital hematoma (3.2%) represented the most severe complications, one patient suffered lasting impairment of sight and another one, complete blindness of the affected eye. If postoperative impairment of vision becomes evident, immediate surgical intervention is mandatory. Retrobulbar hematoma is more likely to occur in heavily traumatized patients with comminuted fractures and also in patients taking anticoagulative medication. The subciliary approach to the orbit and repeated operations by the same approach are associated with a higher risk of developing ectropion.

  13. Video. Chopstick surgery: a novel technique enables use of the Da Vinci Robot to perform single-incision laparoscopic surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joseph, R A; Salas, N A; Johnson, C; Goh, A; Cuevas, S P; Donovan, M A; Kaufman, M G; Miles, B; Reardon, P R; Bass, B L; Dunkin, B J

    2010-12-01

    Single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) is limited by the coaxial arrangement of the instruments. A surgical robot with "wristed" instruments could overcome this limitation but the "arms" collide when working coaxially. This video demonstrates a new technique of "chopstick surgery," which enables use of the robotic arms through a single incision without collision. Experiments were conducted utilizing the da Vinci S® robot (Sunnyvale, CA) in a porcine model with three laparoscopic ports (12 mm, 2-5 mm) introduced through a single "incision." Pilot work conducted while performing Fundamentals of Laparoscopic Surgery (FLS) tasks determined the optimal setup for SILS to be a triangular port arrangement with 2-cm trocar distance and remote center at the abdominal wall. Using this setup, an experienced robotic surgeon performed a cholecystectomy and nephrectomy in a porcine model utilizing the "chopstick" technique. The chopstick arrangement crosses the instruments at the abdominal wall so that the right instrument is on the left side of the target and the left instrument on the right. This arrangement prevents collision of the external robotic arms. To correct for the change in handedness, the robotic console is instructed to drive the "left" instrument with the right hand effector and the "right" instrument with the left. Both procedures were satisfactorily completed with no external collision of the robotic arms, in acceptable times and with no technical complications. This is consistent with results obtained in the box trainer where the chopstick configuration enabled significantly improved times in all tasks and decreased number of errors and eliminated instrument collisions. Chopstick surgery significantly enhances the functionality of the surgical robot when working through a small single incision. This technique will enable surgeons to utilize the robot for SILS and possibly for intraluminal or transluminal surgery.

  14. Single-Incision Carpal Tunnel Release and Distal Radius Open Reduction and Internal Fixation: A Cadaveric Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaspar, Michael P; Sessions, Blane A; Dudoussat, Bryan S; Kane, Patrick M

    2016-08-01

    The safety of surgical approaches for single- versus double-incision carpal tunnel release in association with distal radius open reduction and internal fixation remains controversial. The purpose of this study was to identify critical structures to determine if a single-incision extension of the standard flexor carpi radialis (FCR) approach can be performed safely. Nine cadaveric arms with were dissected under loupe magnification, utilizing a standard FCR approach. After the distal radius exposure was complete, the distal portion of the FCR incision was extended to allow release of the carpal tunnel. Dissection of critical structures was performed, including the recurrent thenar motor branch of the median nerve, the palmar cutaneous branch of the median nerve (PCBm), the palmar carpal and superficial palmar branches of the radial artery, and proximally the median nerve proper. The anatomic relationship of these structures relative to the surgical approach was recorded. Extension of the standard FCR approach as described in this study did not damage any critical structure in the specimens dissected. The PCBm was noted to arise from the radial side of the median nerve an average of 6.01cm proximal to the proximal edge of the transverse carpal ligament. The PCBm became enveloped in the layers of the antebrachial fascia and the transverse carpal ligament at the incision site, protecting it from injury. The recurrent motor branch of the median nerve, branches of the radial artery and the median nerve proper were not at risk during extension of the FCR approach to release the carpal tunnel. Extension of the standard FCR approach to include carpal tunnel release can be performed with minimal risk to the underlying structures. This exposure may offer benefits in both visualization and extent of carpal tunnel release.

  15. Minimal Incision Scar-Less Open Umbilical Hernia Repair in Adults - Technical Aspects and Short Term Results

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sanoop Koshy Zachariah

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: There is no gold standard technique for umbilical hernia repair .Conventional open umbilical hernia repair often produces an undesirable scar. Laparoscopic umbilical hernia repair requires multiple incisions beyond the umbilicus, specialized equipments, and expensive tissue separating mesh. We describe our technique of open umbilical hernia repair utilizing a small incision. The technique was derived from our experience with single incision laparoscopy. We report the technical details and short term results. Methods: This is a retrospective analysis of the first 20 patients who underwent minimal incision scar-less open umbilical hernia repair, from June 2011 to February 2014. A single intra-umbilical curved incision was used to gain access to the hernia sac. Primary suture repair was performed for defects upto 2cm.Larger defects were repaired using an onlay mesh. In patients with a BMI of 30 kg/m2 or greater, onlay mesh hernioplasty was performed irrespective of the defect size.Results: A total of 20 patients, 12 males and 8 females underwent the procedure. Mean age was 50 (range 29 - 82 years. Mean BMI was 26.27 (range 20. -33.1 kg/m2. Average size of the incision was 1.96 range (1.5 to 2.5 cm. Mesh hernioplasty was done in 9 patients. 11 patients underwent primary suture repair alone. There were no postoperative complications associated with his technique. Average post operative length of hospital stay was 3.9 (range 2-10 days. Mean follow-up was 29.94 months, (2 weeks to 2.78 years. On follow up there was no externally visible scar in any of the patients. There were no recurrences on final follow up. Conclusion: This technique provides a similar cosmetic effect as obtained from single port laparoscopy. It is easy to perform safe, offers good cosmesis, does not require incisions beyond the umbilicus and cost effective, with encouraging results on short term follow up. Further research is needed to assess the true potential of the

  16. Surgical rejuvenation of the brow and forehead.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sykes, J M

    1999-01-01

    The position and orientation of eyebrows plays an important part in the overall appearance of the face. Many incisions and approaches have been described to elevate a ptotic eyebrow. It is essential to understand the periorbital anatomy and the biomechanics of elevation and fixation of the brow and forehead soft tissues. If properly planned and executed, surgical brow lifts can restore a youthful appearance to eyelids and the orbit.

  17. Lateral suboccipital retrosigmoid approach with tentorial incision for petroclival meningiomas: technical note.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamahata, Hitoshi; Tokimura, Hiroshi; Hirahara, Kazuho; Ishii, Takeshi; Mori, Masanao; Hanaya, Ryosuke; Arita, Kazunori

    2014-08-01

    Introduction The resection of petroclival meningiomas presents great neurosurgical challenges. Although multiple surgical approaches have been developed, the retrosigmoid route tends to be used to address tumors that are predominantly located in the posterior fossa. Our modification of the lateral suboccipital retrosigmoid approach with the placement of a tentorial incision yields good visualization of the supratentorial part of the tumor around the midbrain. Methods We treated four patients, one with primary and three with recurrent petroclival meningioma, by our modified approach. After lateral suboccipital craniotomy, the infratentorial part of the tumor was removed after detaching it from the tentorial surface. The cerebellar tentorium was then carefully incised from the supracerebellar angle, taking care not to damage the superior cerebellar artery and trochlear nerve. Results The operative field surrounding the midbrain was widened by this procedure, and safe dissection of the tumor from the brainstem and other neurovascular structures was performed with direct observation of the interface. Conclusions Our approach is a useful modification of the retrosigmoid approach to petroclival meningiomas. It facilitates the safe resection of the supratentorial part of the tumor in the ambient cistern behind the tentorium.

  18. Technique and results after distal braquial biceps tendon reparation, through two anterior mini-incisions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pascarelli, Luciano; Righi, Lúcio César Silva; Bongiovanni, Roberto Rangel; Imoto, Rogério Sano; Teodoro, Renato Loureiro; Ferro, Hemanoel Fernando dos Anjos

    2013-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: Evaluation of postoperative results of repair of distal biceps brachii ruptures through a two anterior mini-incisions. METHODS: Nine patients with clinical and imaging (MRI) diagnosis of total lesion of the biceps brachii at its insertion were operated with a surgical technique with two mini-incisions between 2008 and 2011. The patients were evaluated after three months of evolution and all of them recovered the fully flexion-extension arch. RESULTS: Two patients (22.2%) presented a limitation of 20 degrees of supination. One patient (11.1%) had radial nerve palsy, but was totally recovered after five months. In one patient (11.1%) the muscle remained retracted, but the insertion was recovered. In three patients (33.3%) adhesion was observed on the proximal scar. There was no clinical or radiographic evidence of radioulnar synostosis after six months of evolution. All patients reported satisfaction with the treatment. CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that the presented method shows good results as well as other techniques, with less risk of adhesion on the flexor fold of the elbow. Level of Evidence IV, Case Series. PMID:24453647

  19. 5-year results of the 1.5cm incision Achilles tendon repair.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ling, Samuel K K; Slocum, Amanda; Lui, T H

    2017-12-01

    To study a hypothesis that the cost-effective 1.5cm medial incision Achilles tendon repair technique will provide good functional outcomes which are maintained for over 5 years. Prospective study of 12 consecutive cases with a minimal 5-year follow-up were recruited from April 2008 to November 2010. Cases whom were mentally incompetent or those which required concomitant procedures were excluded. Outcomes measures included the numeric pain rating scale, motor power strength, range of motion, functional scoring using the AOFAS hindfoot score and patient's self-assessment using the Foot and Ankle Outcome Score (FAOS). No re-ruptures or sural nerve injured were identified after a minimal 5-year follow-up. Pain was minimal at 0.5/10, calf power was 5/5 and ankle range was good (plantarflexion: 38°/dorsiflexion: 21°). The AOFAS hindfoot score was 97.4 and all 5 sub-categories of the Foot and Ankle Outcome Score (FAOS) were good. The 1.5cm medial incision repair of the Achilles tendon is an economically sound surgical technique, with minimal complications, which gives good medium length functional outcomes. IV. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  20. Tissue surface information for intraoperative incision planning and focus adjustment in laser surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schoob, Andreas; Kundrat, Dennis; Kleingrothe, Lukas; Kahrs, Lüder A; Andreff, Nicolas; Ortmaier, Tobias

    2015-02-01

    Introducing computational methods to laser surgery are an emerging field. Focusing on endoscopic laser interventions, a novel approach is presented to enhance intraoperative incision planning and laser focusing by means of tissue surface information obtained by stereoscopic vision. Tissue surface is estimated with stereo-based methods using nonparametric image transforms. Subsequently, laser-to-camera registration is obtained by ablating a pattern on tissue substitutes and performing a principle component analysis for precise laser axis estimation. Furthermore, a virtual laser view is computed utilizing trifocal transfer. Depth-based laser focus adaptation is integrated into a custom experimental laser setup in order to achieve optimal ablation morphology. Experimental validation is conducted on tissue substitutes and ex vivo animal tissue. Laser-to-camera registration gives an error between planning and ablation of less than 0.2 mm. As a result, the laser workspace can accurately be highlighted within the live views and incision planning can directly be performed. Experiments related to laser focus adaptation demonstrate that ablation geometry can be kept almost uniform within a depth range of 7.9 mm, whereas cutting quality significantly decreases when the laser is defocused. An automatic laser focus adjustment on tissue surfaces based on stereoscopic scene information is feasible and has the potential to become an effective methodology for optimal ablation. Laser-to-camera registration facilitates advanced surgical planning for prospective user interfaces and augmented reality extensions.

  1. Endoscopic incision of protruding right ureterocele in a single collecting system: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rinto Hariwibowo

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Protruding ureterocele is a very rare case found in the literature. We are reporting a 21 year-old female with an intermittent protruding mass from urethra, accompanied by dysuria, hematuria, and recurrent urinary tract infection. Inspection of the external genitalia revealed a protruding mass from the urethra which could be reduced manually. Excretory urography showed bilateral single collecting systems, grade II hydronephrosis of the right kidney, and a cobra head appearance of the lower right pelvis. The patient was diagnosed with a protruding right ureterocele in a single collecting system, and thus, endoscopic incision of a ureterocele was performed. Ultrasonography which was carried out three weeks after the procedure confirmed no residual hydronephrosis or ureterocele in the bladder. Voiding cystourethrography (VCUG underwent at a three-month-follow up revealed a grade 5 vesico-ureteral reflux (VUR on the right side. Surgical reimplantation was then considered. In conclusion, endoscopic incision was safe and yielded good result for protruding ureteroceles, but the need for secondary surgery in several conditions should be considered.

  2. Sharp compared with blunt fascial incision at cesarean delivery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aabakke, Anna J M; Hare, Kristine J; Krebs, Lone

    2014-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To compare patient preference for either sharp incision with scissors or blunt manual cleavage of the fascia at cesarean delivery in a randomized controlled trial in which each woman was her own control. STUDY DESIGN: Women undergoing primary cesarean delivery (n=34) were randomized...... to side distribution of sharp or blunt incision of the fascia (sharp right and blunt left or blunt right and sharp left) and followed three months postoperatively. The primary outcome was patient preference for the right or left side of the scar 3 months postoperatively and modeled by polytomous logistic...... difference was found in patient preference with regard to sharp or blunt incision of the fascia, nor was there a significant difference in postoperative pain scores. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov: www.clinicaltrials.org;NCT01297725....

  3. The problem of insufficient incisal display: a case presentation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castillo, Rodrigo

    2010-01-01

    Enhancement of facial beauty is one of the primary elective goals of patients seeking dental care. Frequently, improvements in natural beauty can be expected to follow restoration of ideal relationships between the denture and the facial soft tissues. A very important feature in a youthful appearance is the incisal tooth display; the amount of maxillary incisal exposure gradually decreases with age, accompanied by a gradual increase in mandibular incisal exposure. However, this problem could be present in young people where the effects of age should not be apparent yet. There are some other factors that could accelerate this process. The present case illustrates the improvement and rejuvenation of an unesthetic young smile through restorative treatment.

  4. Retrospective evaluation of recurrent secondary septic peritonitis in dogs (2000-2011): 41 cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barfield, Dominic M; Tivers, Michael S; Holahan, Matthew; Welch, Kristin; House, Arthur; Adamantos, Sophie E

    2016-01-01

    To describe the clinical characteristics of recurrent septic peritonitis in dogs. Multicenter retrospective observational study. Client-owned dogs with recurrent septic peritonitis. Three university emergency and referral hospitals. None. Medical records from 3 veterinary university teaching hospitals were reviewed and data were collected using a standardized data collection sheet for all cases of septic peritonitis during the study period (2000-2011). Forty one dogs met the inclusion criteria for recurrent peritonitis. All dogs underwent relaparotomy. The original cause of septic peritonitis in these cases included previous surgery for gastrointestinal foreign body removal (n = 26), gastrointestinal neoplasia (n = 3), gastric or duodenal ulceration (n = 3), biliary tract leakage (n = 2), and single instance for each of the following: penetrating foreign body, hernia strangulation, intussusception, mesenteric volvulus, infection of the laparotomy incision, prostatic abscess, and trauma. Eighteen animals survived to discharge. There was no difference detected between survivors and nonsurvivors with recurrent peritonitis in terms of inciting cause, serum albumin concentration, surgical management, or provision of appropriate initial antimicrobials. The survival rate for dogs having recurrent peritonitis was 43.9% (18/41 dogs). This retrospective study did not identify any significant prognostic indicators for dogs with recurrent peritonitis and that the mortality rate for dogs having more than one surgery for septic peritonitis is similar to that reported for a single surgery for septic peritonitis. ©Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care Society 2015.

  5. Single-incision sling operations for urinary incontinence in women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nambiar, Arjun; Cody, June D; Jeffery, Stephen T

    2014-06-01

    Urinary incontinence has been shown to affect up to 50% of women. Studies in the United States have shown that up to 80% of these women have an element of stress urinary incontinence. Colposuspension and now mid-urethral slings have been shown to be effective in treating patients with stress incontinence. However, associated adverse events include bladder and bowel injury, groin pain and haematoma formation. This has led to the development of third-generation single-incision slings, also referred to as mini-slings.It should be noted that TVT-Secur (Gynecare, Bridgewater, NJ, USA) is one type of single-incision sling; it has been withdrawn from the market because of poor results. However, it is one of the most widely studied single-incision slings and was used in several of the trials included in this review. Despite its withdrawal from clinical use, it was decided that data pertaining to this sling should be included in the first iteration of this review, so that level 1a data are available in the literature to confirm its lack of efficacy. To assess the effectiveness of mini-sling procedures in women with urodynamic clinical stress or mixed urinary incontinence in terms of improved continence status, quality of life or adverse events. We searched the Cochrane Incontinence Group Specialised Trials Register, which contains trials identified from the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE and MEDLINE in process; we handsearched journals and conference proceedings (searched 6 February 2013) and searched ClinicalTrials.gov (searched 20 September 2012), the World Health Organization (WHO) International Clinical Trials Registry Platform (ICTRP) (searched 20 September 2012) and the reference lists of relevant articles. Randomised or quasi-randomised controlled trials in women with urodynamic stress incontinence, symptoms of stress incontinence or stress-predominant mixed urinary incontinence, in which at least one trial arm involves one of the

  6. CyberKnife radiosurgery: Precision without incision

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enja Siva Prasad Reddy

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available CyberKnife stereotactic radiosurgery system is an innovative, effective, frameless, non-invasive substitute for conventional surgical treatment of cancer. It works on the principle of stereotaxy. It is used for the treatment of both cancerous and non-cancerous tumors, intracranial lesions, tumors of lung, spine, prostate, and kidney, recurrent cases of oral squamous cell carcinoma, arteriovenous malformation, and trigeminal neuralgia. It has an advantage over other systems like Gamma knife radiosurgery and linear accelerator (LINAC-based systems, as it is frameless, has submillimeter accuracy, does not affect the normal cells adjacent to the lesion, and tracks the lesion in synchronization with the patient′s respiratory rate. The future of CyberKnife encompasses possibilities such as incremental improvements in accuracy and better shaping of the field of radiation and would certainly allow extension of radiosurgery as an effective substitute for chemotherapy. This paper aims to review and highlight the immense potential that CyberKnife holds in the field of dentistry in treating disorders of the head and neck region, thereby ensuring enhanced longevity for the patients.

  7. Better outcome from arthroscopic partial meniscectomy than skin incisions only?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Roos, Ewa M; Hare, Kristoffer Borbjerg; Nielsen, Sabrina Mai

    2018-01-01

    . In total, nine participants experienced 11 adverse events; six in the surgery group and three in the skin-incisions-only group. CONCLUSION: We found greater improvement from arthroscopic partial meniscectomy compared with skin incisions only at 2 years, with the statistical uncertainty of the between......-group difference including what could be considered clinically relevant. Because of the study being underpowered, nearly half in the sham group being non-blinded and one-third crossing over to surgery, the results cannot be generalised to the greater patient population. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT01264991....

  8. Ultrasonic diagnosis and transurethral incision of ureterocele with hydronephrosis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Waaddegaard, P; Miskowiak, J; Stage, P

    1991-01-01

    In a 65-year-old woman with right-sided loin pain, ultrasonography revealed a grossly dilated and obstructed right pyelogram due to a 50-mm ureterocele. After transurethral lateral incision of the ureterocele, there was complete recovery without vesicoureteric reflux. Ultrasonography is advantage......In a 65-year-old woman with right-sided loin pain, ultrasonography revealed a grossly dilated and obstructed right pyelogram due to a 50-mm ureterocele. After transurethral lateral incision of the ureterocele, there was complete recovery without vesicoureteric reflux. Ultrasonography...

  9. Surgical replacement of iatrogenically prolapsed penis in a ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Prolapse of the penis through an iatrogenic incision on the right side of the preputial base in a five year old dromedary camel was handled surgically and the organ was successfully replaced into the preputial cavity. The condition occurred as a result of draining an abscess at the base of the prepuce by a quack about eight ...

  10. Surgical implantation techniques for electronic tags in fish

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wagner, Glenn N.; Cooke, Steven J.; Brown, Richard S.; Deters, Katherine A.

    2011-01-01

    Intracoelomic implantation of transmitters into fish requires making a surgical incision, incision closure, and other surgery related techniques; however, the tools and techniques used in the surgical process vary widely. We review the available literature and focus on tools and techniques used for conducting surgery on juvenile salmonids because of the large amount of research that is conducted on them. The use of sterilized surgical instruments properly selected for a given size of fish will minimize tissue damage and infection rates, and speed the wound healing of fish implanted with transmitters. For the implantation of transmitters into small fish, the optimal surgical methods include making an incision on the ventral midline along the linea alba (for studies under 1 month), protecting the viscera (by lifting the skin with forceps while creating the incision), and using absorbable monofilament suture with a small-swaged-on swaged-on tapered or reverse-cutting needle. Standardizing the implantation techniques to be used in a study involving particular species and age classes of fish will improve survival and transmitter retention while allowing for comparisons to be made among studies and across multiple years. This review should be useful for researchers working on juvenile salmonids and other sizes and species of fish.

  11. Incision and loop drainage: a minimally invasive technique for subcutaneous abscess management in children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsoraides, Steven S; Pearl, Richard H; Stanfill, Amy B; Wallace, Lizabeth J; Vegunta, Ravindra K

    2010-03-01

    The aim of the study was to evaluate outcomes after a minimally invasive approach to pediatric subcutaneous abscess management as a replacement for wide exposure, debridement, and repetitive packing. A retrospective study was performed of all children who underwent incision and loop drainage for subcutaneous abscesses between January 2002 and October 2007 at our institution. Two mini incisions, 4-5 mm each, were made on the abscess, as far apart as possible. Abscess was probed, and pus was drained. Abscess was irrigated with normal saline; a loop drain was passed through one incision, brought out through the other, and tied to itself. An absorbent dressing was applied over the loop and changed regularly. One hundred fifteen patients underwent drainage procedures as described; 5 patients had multiple abscesses. Mean values (range) are as follows: age, 4.25 years (19 days to 20.5 years); duration of symptoms, 7.8 days (1-42 days); length of hospital stay, 3 days (1-39 days); duration of procedure, 10.8 minutes (4-43 minutes); drain duration, 10.4 days (3-24 days); and number of postoperative visits, 1.8 (1-17). Bacterial culture data were available for 101 patients. Of these, 50% had methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, 26% had methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus, and 9% streptococcal species. Of the 115 patients, 5 had pilonidal abscesses, 1 required reoperation for persistent drainage, and 1 had a planned staged excision. Of the remaining 110 patients, 6 (5.5%) required reoperation-4 with loop drains and 2 with incision and packing with complete healing. The use of loop drains proved safe and effective in the treatment of subcutaneous abscesses in children. Eliminating the need for repetitive and cumbersome wound packing simplifies postoperative wound care. Furthermore, there is an expected cost savings with this technique given the decreased need for wound care materials and professional postoperative home health services. We recommend this

  12. Comparison of postoperative surgical site infection after preoperative marking done with non-sterile stationary grade markers versus sterile surgical markers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mir, Z.A.

    2015-01-01

    Objectives: To compare the frequencies of post- operative surgical site infection after preoperative marking done with non-sterile stationary. grade markers versus sterile surgical markers in the same patient. Design: Randomized control trial. Place and Duration of Study: The department of Plastic surgery, Mayo hospital, Lahore from August 2013 to August 2014. Methods: This study was conducted after taking approval from the departmental ethical committee. Forty consecutive patients were included. A sterile surgical marker was used to mark one incision site while an alcohol based stationary grade marker was used to mark another incision site on the same patient. A standard preoperative, intraoperative and postoperative protocol was followed. Cultures were performed on swabs taken from the incision sites and surgical site infection was assessed for 30 days. Results: The study included 40 patients; 17 males and 23 females. The mean age of subjects was 25.32 ± 19.69 years with the minimum age being 2 years and the maximum being 63 years. No growth was seen in cultures taken from all the incision sites after skin preparation in the non sterile stationary grade marker group as well as the sterile surgical grade marker group. Also no surgical site infection appeared during the 30 day postoperative observation period in the non sterile stationary grade marker group as well as the sterile surgical grade marker group. (author)

  13. OUR EXPERIENCE WITH TUBULARIZED INCISED PLATE URETHROPLASTY FOR DISTAL AND MID-PENILE HYPOSPADIAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danijela Đerić

    2003-10-01

    Full Text Available Hypospadias does not present an isolated genital anomaly but a complex urological, sex-ual, psychological and psychiatric, reproductive and aesthetic problem. Although there are over 200 operative techniques, this great surgical challenge presently does not have ideal operative solution. Nowadays, the use of urethral plate for urethroplasty, through various surgical tech-niques, presents a revolutionary concept in hypospadias surgery and it is being accepted by an ever-increasing number of hypospadiologists.Tubularized incised plate urethroplasty (TIP -Snodgrass procedure was performed on a total of 22 boys; 16 distal (72.7%, 5 mid-penile (22.7% and 1 proximal hypospadias in period from 1.1.2000 to 30.08.2003, by the same surgical team. The average patient age was 4.5 years (6 mon. to 12 years. All reconstructions have been done as primary urethroplasty while one distal hypospadias had one previous, unsuccessful MAGPI procedure. Complication included small urethrocutaneous fistulas in 4 (18% and meatal stenosis in 1 (4.5% child. Snodgrass pro-cedure is a successful method for reparation of distal hypospadias for it provides an excellent aesthetic result with acceptable complications. In order to evaluate the success of this method in reparation of mid- and proximal hypospadias, as well as the possibility of its application on previously unsuccessful or circumcised patients, it is necessary to gain additional experience al-though the first results are encouraging.

  14. Hybrid Single-Incision Laparoscopic Colon Cancer Surgery Using One Additional 5 mm Trocar.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Hyung Ook; Choi, Dae Jin; Lee, Donghyoun; Lee, Sung Ryol; Jung, Kyung Uk; Kim, Hungdai; Chun, Ho-Kyung

    2018-02-01

    Single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) is a feasible and safe procedure for colorectal cancer. However, SILS has some technical limitations such as collision between instruments and inadequate countertraction. We present a hybrid single-incision laparoscopic surgery (hybrid SILS) technique for colon cancer that involves use of one additional 5 mm trocar. Hybrid SILS for colon cancer was attempted in 70 consecutive patients by a single surgeon between August 2014 and July 2016 at Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine. Using prospectively collected data, an observational study was performed on an intention-to-treat basis. Hybrid SILS was technically completed in 66 patients, with a failure rate of 5.7% (4/70). One patient was converted to open surgery for para-aortic lymph node dissection. Another was converted to open surgery due to severe peritoneal adhesion. An additional trocar was inserted for adhesiolysis in the other two cases. Median lengths of proximal and distal margins were 12.8 cm (interquartile range [IQR], 10.0-18.6), and 8.2 cm (IQR, 5.5-18.3), respectively. Median total number of lymph nodes harvested was 24 (IQR, 18-33). Overall rate of postoperative morbidity was 12.9%, but there were no Clavien-Dindo grade III or IV complications. There was no postoperative mortality or reoperation. Median postoperative hospital stay was 6 days (IQR, 5-7). Hybrid SILS using one additional 5 mm trocar is a safe and effective minimally invasive surgical technique for colon cancer. Experienced laparoscopic surgeons can perform hybrid SILS without a learning curve based on the formulaic surgical techniques presented in this article.

  15. Radiographic and CT Assessment of Reduction of Calcaneus Fractures Using a Limited Sinus Tarsi Incision.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scott, Aaron T; Pacholke, David A; Hamid, Kamran S

    2016-09-01

    The lateral extensile incision for fixation of displaced intra-articular calcaneus fractures allows for fracture reduction but has been associated with high rates of soft tissue complications. This has prompted a search for less invasive methods of fracture fixation. The purpose of the present study was to determine the adequacy of reduction and rate of complications associated with operative fixation of calcaneal fractures using a limited sinus tarsi approach. A limited sinus tarsi incision with plate fixation was utilized for treatment of 39 displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures in 35 consecutive patients as part of a single surgeon series. Imaging assessment of previously described fracture displacement measures was undertaken in preoperative and postoperative radiographs and CT. A retrospective chart review was conducted to identify postoperative complications. Mean preoperative Bohler angle measurement was 7.7 (range, -26.0 to 30.0) degrees and the mean final postoperative standing Bohler angle was 25.5 (range, 12.3 to 37.7) degrees. Postoperative CT demonstrated that subtalar articular reduction was within 2 mm of anatomic in 91% of patients. There were 2 instances of superficial wound dehiscence (5.1%) and 1 deep infection (2.6%) that required debridement and complete hardware removal. Visual analog score (VAS) for pain averaged 3 of 10 in the 32 available patients at 1-year follow-up. Eight of these patients (25%) reported no pain (0/10) at final follow-up. Operative fixation of displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures utilizing the limited sinus tarsi approach resulted in acceptable fracture reduction and a low rate of complications. Level IV, retrospective case series. © The Author(s) 2016.

  16. Incised plate urethroplasty in perineal and perineo-scrotal ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Objective: The ideal replacement of the urethra is the urethra itself. However, when the urethra is not available, flaps or tubes are used as substitutes in hypospadias repair. The urethral plate, when preserved, is an excellent tool for tubularization and urethral reconstruction. Tubularized incise plate (TIP) repair has become ...

  17. Versatility of tubularized incised plate urethroplasty in the ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: The outcomes of urethroplasty in the management of different types of hypospadias have continued to improve since the introduction of the tubularized incised plate (TIP) urethroplasty (Snodgrass method). The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and applicability of TIP urethroplasty in the ...

  18. Feasibility of a tubularised incised-plate urethroplasty with double ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: Reoperation for failed hypospadias has been considered to be seriously problematic. The dense fibrotic tissue causes difficulties in wound healing and increases the rate of complications. The tubularised incised-plate urethroplasty (TIPU) method has become a preferred method for all varieties of hypospadias ...

  19. Tubularized Incised Plate (TIP) Urethroplasty: Extended Use in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Objective: Recently, tubularized incised plate (TIP) urethroplasty (Snodgrass repair) has gained popularity for the primary repair of distal and proximal hypospadias. This study was carried out to evaluate TIP urethroplasty in the repair of failed and complicated hypospadias cases. Patients and Methods: This study was ...

  20. Combined use of Mathieu and incised plate technique (Snodgrass ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Objectives: To evaluate the results and complications after combined use of Mathieu and incised plate technique for management of distal hypospadias in older children. Patients and methods: A total of 33 patients with primary distal penile hypospadias were operated upon using the Mathieu technique combined with deep ...

  1. Tubularized incised plate urethroplasty repair in adult hypospadias ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Objective: Most studies published in the literature report on the results of tubularized incised plate urethroplasty (TIPU) for hypospadias repair in children. Hence, the objective of this study was to evaluate the results of TIPU repair in adults. Patients and methods: The records of 60 adult patients with primary hypospadias ...

  2. Incised plate urethroplasty in perineal and perineo-scrotal ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A. Bhat

    Abstract. Objective: The ideal replacement of the urethra is the urethra itself. However, when the urethra is not available, flaps or tubes are used as substitutes in hypospadias repair. The urethral plate, when preserved, is an excellent tool for tubularization and urethral reconstruction. Tubularized incise plate (TIP) repair.

  3. Tubularized incised plate technique for recurrent hypospadias: a ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2012, 8:80–85. Keywords: recurrent hypospadias, salvage hypospadias, tubularized incised plate. aDepartment of Surgery, Division of Pediatric and Plastic Surgery, Faculty of. Medicine, Suez Canal University, Ismailia and bDepartment of Surgery, Faculty of. Medicine, Menoufia University ...

  4. Anastomosis Procedure through an Inguinal Hernia Incision in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    was laparoscopically transected by a stapler. A 4 cm skin incision was then made in the left inguinal region and carried down to the peritoneum through the hernia sac [Figure 1]. Bowel resection was performed extracorporeally, and an anvil was placed at the proximal end of the colon, over a purse-string suture. [Figure 2].

  5. rubularised Incised Plate Hypospadias Urethroplasty In A Regional ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    1t the Coast Province General Hospital in Mombasa. Xenya and in some private hospitals, nearby. junction. Artificial erection test is done to check for residual chordee20. Residual penile curvature is corrected by dorsal tunica albuginea plication8. - The glans wings are mobilized laterally. A midline relaxing incision is made ...

  6. Better outcome from arthroscopic partial meniscectomy than skin incisions only?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Roos, Ewa M; Hare, Kristoffer Borbjerg; Nielsen, Sabrina Mai

    2018-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: Compare arthroscopic partial meniscectomy to a true sham intervention. METHODS: Sham-controlled superiority trial performed in three county hospitals in Denmark comparing arthroscopic partial meniscectomy to skin incisions only in patients aged 35-55 years with persistent knee pain and...

  7. Feasibility of reduced port surgery applying Higuchi's transverse incision

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kazu Ueda

    2017-02-01

    Conclusion: We reported novel forms of reduced port surgery applying Higuchi's transverse incision. It was suggested that these procedures are relatively simple, but ensure the same safety and efficacy as conventional methods. We intend to increase the number of cases and examine safety, efficacy, and patient satisfaction for these procedures.

  8. Short communication Combined use of Mathieu and incised plate ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Objectives: To evaluate the results and complications after combined use of Mathieu and incised plate technique for management of distal hypospadias in older children. Patients and methods: A total of 33 patients with primary distal penile hypospadias were operated upon using the Mathieu technique combined with deep ...

  9. Topical‑intracameral anesthesia in manual small incision cataract ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: Cataract remains a leading cause of blindness worldwide. Manual small incision cataract surgery (MSICS) is currently practiced as the technique of choice in Sub‑Saharan Africa to reduce the backlog of cataract blindness. Optimal pain control during surgery remains a challenge to cataract surgeons. Aim: To ...

  10. Visual Outcome after Small Incision Cataract Surgery in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the visual outcome of patients who had manual small incision cataract surgery in a high volume secondary eye hospital in southwestern Nigeria, and to identify reasons for poor outcome. Methodology: This is an observational descriptive, longitudinal study of consecutive ...

  11. Ankle fusion using a 2-incision, 3-screw technique

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hendrickx, R. P. M.; Kerkhoffs, G. M. M. J.; Stufkens, S. A. S.; van Dijk, C. N.; Marti, R. K.

    2011-01-01

    Reliable fusion and optimal correction of the alignment of the ankle joint using a 2-incision, 3-screw technique. Symptomatic osteoarthritis of the ankle joint after insufficient other treatment, severe deformity of the osteoarthritic ankle joint, or salvation procedure after failed arthroplasty.

  12. Application on small incision extracapsular cataract extraction in large-scale vision recovery action in Shaanxi Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Zhang

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available AIM: To investigate the characteristics of scale cataract operations and the effects and experiences of small incision extracapsular cataract extraction with intraocular lens(IOLimplantation in large-scale vision recovery action. METHODS: Four thousand eight hundred ninety-two cases(4 892 eyesof cataract were treated by small incision non-phacoemulcification cataract extraction from March 2010 to November 2011 in our hospital(Fuming No.1 surgery car of Shaanxi Provincewhich were retrospectively analyzed. Visual acuity, intraoperative and postoperative complications, the recovery of postoperative inflammation were observed. RESULTS: Visual acuity reached 0.3 or more in 4 521 eyes(92.42%at 1d after the operation, at 3d after the operation in 4 571 eyes(93.44%, there were 4 887 eyes with IOL implantation, implantation rate was 99.90%. All the cases had lesser intraoperative and postoperative complications, and the postoperative inflammation recovered quickly. CONCLUSION: Small incision extracapsular cataract extraction with IOL implantation is simple, effective, economical, safe and adapting for large-scale vision recovery action.

  13. Comparison of tubularized incised plate urethroplasty combined with a meatus-based ventral dartos flap or dorsal dartos flap in hypospadias.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jia, Wei; Liu, Guo-chang; Zhang, Li-yu; Wen, Ying-quan; Fu, Wen; Hu, Jin-hua; Wang, Zhe; He, Qiu-ming; Xia, Hui-min

    2016-04-01

    Tubularized incised plate urethroplasty (TIPU) is the preferred surgical option for distal and mid-shaft hypospadias repair. Neourethra dartos flap coverage is routinely used as a protective layer with good results. We modified meatus-based ventral dartos flap (MBVDF) to TIPU by dissecting the proximal mid-ventral dartos attached urethra and leaving the subcutaneous fascia connecting the meatus, and retrospectively compared the outcomes of using MBVDF with single dorsal dartos flap (DDF) on the complication rates of TIPU. We present 2 surgeons' experiences with 356 patients with distal and mid-shaft hypospadias between January 2010 and December 2014. Patients were divided into two groups. Group DDF included 185 patients (mean age 29 months) underwent TIPU with DDF rotated laterally covering the suture lines of the neourethra. Group MBVDF included 171 patients (mean age 26 months) underwent TIPU with MBVDF covering the suture lines of the neourethra. Statistical analysis of patient basic information and complications was performed by two independent sample t test and Chi square test or Fisher's exact test. There were no statistical differences in age, type of hypospadias, and follow-up time between the two groups. The mean operative time in the group MBVDF (68.93 ± 8.32 min) was significantly shorter than in the group DDF (73.60 ± 9.06 min). Ventral skin necrosis (2.7%) and penile rotation (3.8%) in group DDF was significantly higher than group MBVDF which did not occur. The differences in other complication rates including fistula rate (2.7 vs 2.9%) between the groups were not statistically significant. DDF and MBVDF with TIPU are similarly effective methods for decreasing fistula in hypospadias repair. MBVDF with TIPU may be an easier method and can avoid ventral skin necrosis and penile rotation.

  14. Surgical treatment of endometriosis before gamete intrafallopian ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Abstract. Objective. To determine whether active pelvic endometriosis impairs the efficacy of GIFT (gamete intrafallopian transfer) and whether prior surgical treatment of endometriosis improves the efficacy of GIFT. Design. Matched controlled retrospective study. Setting. University-based assisted reproduction programme.

  15. Is there an improvement of antibiotic use in China? Evidence from the usage analysis of combination antibiotic therapy for type I incisions in 244 hospitals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Wen-Juan; Luo, Zhen-Ni; Tang, Chang-Min; Zou, Xiao-Xu; Zhao, Lu; Fang, Peng-Qian

    2016-10-01

    The improvement of antibiotic rational use in China was studied by usage analysis of combination antibiotic therapy for type I incisions in 244 hospitals. Five kinds of hospitals, including general hospital, maternity hospital, children's hospital, stomatological hospital and cancer hospital, from 30 provinces were surveyed. A systematic random sampling strategy was employed to select outpatient prescriptions and inpatient cases in 2011 and 2012. A total of 29 280 outpatient prescriptions and 73 200 inpatient cases from 244 hospitals in each year were analyzed. Data were collected with regards to the implementation of the national antibiotic stewardship program (NASP), the overall usage and the prophylactic use of antibiotic for type I incisions. Univariate analysis was used for microbiological diagnosis rate before antimicrobial therapy, prophylactic use of antibiotics for type I incision operation, and so on. For multivariate analysis, the use of antibiotics was dichotomized according to the guidelines, and entered as binary values into logistic regression analysis. The results were compared with the corresponding criteria given by the guidelines of this campaign. The antibiotic stewardship in China was effective in that more than 80% of each kind of hospitals achieved the criteria of recommended antibiotics varieties. Hospital type appeared to be a factor statistically associated with stewardship outcome. The prophylactic use of antibiotics on type I incision operations decreased by 16.22% (Pantibiotic therapy for type I incisions was also decreased. Region and bed size were the main determinants on surgical prophylaxis for type I incision. This national analysis of hospitals on antibiotic use and stewardship allows relevant comparisons for bench marking. More efforts addressing the root cause of antibiotics abuse would continue to improve the rational use of antibiotics in China.

  16. Application of laparoscopic cholecystectomy combined with common bile duct exploration through small incision in treatment of gallstone with common bile duct stones

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    LI Jian

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available ObjectiveTo investigate the application of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC combined with common bile duct exploration (CBDE through a small incision in the treatment of gallstone with common bile duct stones. MethodsA total of 23 cases of gallstone with common bile duct stones underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy; the anterior wall of common bile duct was exposed under the laparoscope, and a 3-5 cm incision was made in the abdominal wall accordingly; the common bile duct was cut through the small incision, and stones were removed from the common bile duct with stone forceps; the fiber choledochoscope and rigid ureteroscope were used for common bile duct exploration and further stone removal if needed. ResultsIncision extension was not needed in any case. The time of operation was 90-160 min (mean, 120±10 min; the hospital stay was 10-20 d (mean, 13 d. Twenty-one cases were cured and discharged after the T-tube was pulled out. Two cases had residual stones in the right hepatic duct after operation, as detected by T-tube cholangiography and B-mode ultrasound, and were discharged with the T-tube in place; the 2 cases had the residual stones removed by the choledochoscope at 6 weeks after operation and were cured. Two cases had pulmonary infection, and both had grade A healing. ConclusionLC combined with CBDE through a small incision is minimally invasive; it is safer than the laparoscope-free procedure through a small incision, and it is more efficient and has better stone removal effect compared with total laparoscopic surgery. This surgical approach is suitable for use in primary hospitals.

  17. Surgical Audit

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2010-01-06

    Jan 6, 2010 ... A good way to describe the first surgical audits is that they were 'polite, restrained discussions'. This was the situation before the development of quality assurance in the business world. As this slowly infiltrated into the medical profession the discussions changed to more cri- teria based surgical audits.

  18. Tattoo preservation during surgical procedures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tenna S

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Stefania Tenna, Pietro Francesco Delle Femmine, Alfonso Luca Pendolino, Beniamino Brunetti, Paolo Persichetti Plastic Surgery Unit, University Campus Bio-Medico of Rome, University of Rome, Rome, Italy Abstract: In recent years, the number of people getting tattoos has continued to increase. Tattoos are much more than cultural fads and cosmetic complements, and nowadays often represent events that express the patient's personality without words. The presence of a tattoo in the surgical field may be a problem for both the patient and the surgeon. However, the relevant literature is mostly based on complications related to application of tattoos or methods used to remove them. To date, few reports have focused on the importance of preserving a tattoo during a surgical procedure, and no organized studies could be found. The aim of this paper is to provide an overview of the range of solutions that surgeons can use to preserve tattoos during surgery. A PubMed database search was done to assess other surgeons' experience. The terms "tattoo" in combination with "incision", "surgery", "surgical", or "operative" were used as key words. Following a review of the literature, photographs of patients presenting with a tattoo in the last 5 years at University Campus Bio-Medico of Rome were identified in order to determine the frequency of patients presenting with tattoos in our department. The patients were classified according to sex, age, type of surgery, number of tattoos, and tattoo location. Specific requests to preserve tattoos were recorded. Finally, an algorithm of treatment according to tattoo dimension and location is proposed. Knowledge of all the strategies available for saving tattoos is important for plastic and cosmetic surgeons. If a tattooed area needs to be operated on, surgeons should attempt, when possible, to avoid altering the tattoo in order to maximize the final cosmetic result. Keywords: tattoo incision, body contouring, surgery

  19. Comparison between Lateral Supraorbital Approach and Pterional Approach in the Surgical Treatment of Unruptured Intracranial Aneurysms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hong, Seung-Chyul; Kim, Jong-Soo

    2012-01-01

    Objective The lateral supraorbital (LSO) approach is a modified method of the classic pterional approach and it has advantages of short skin incision and small craniotomy compared with the pterional approach. This study was designed to compare the two approaches in the surgical treatment of unruptured intracranial aneurysms. Methods We retrospectively reviewed 122 patients with 137 unruptured intracranial aneurysms treated by clipping, from July 2009 to April 2011. Between August 2010 and April 2011, 61 patients were treated by clipping via the lateral supraorbital approach and the same number of patients treated by clipping via the pterional approach were retrospectively enrolled. We analyzed the two groups and compared demographic, radiologic and clinical variables. Results The mean age of patients in the two groups was 54.6 years (LSO group) and 55.7 years (Pterion group). The mean duration of hospitalization was shorter in the LSO group than in the Pterion group (7.9 days vs. 9.0 days, p=0.125) and the mean operation time was also significantly shorter in the LSO group (117.1 minutes vs. 164.3 minutes, p<0.001). Furthermore, the mean craniotomy area was much smaller in the LSO group (1275.4 mm2 vs. 2858.9 mm2, p<0.001). The two groups showed similar distributions of aneurysm location and postoperative complications. Conclusion The lateral supraorbital approach for the clipping of unruptured intracranial aneurysm could be a good alternative to the classic pterional approach. PMID:22949961

  20. Impact of obesity on surgical outcome after single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Toru Obuchi

    2018-01-01

    Conclusion: Our findings show that obesity, intended as a BMI ≥30 kg/m2, does not have an adverse impact on the technical difficulty and post-operative outcomes of SILC. Obesity-related comorbidities did not increase the risks for SILC.

  1. Mastectomy by inverted drip incision and immediate reconstruction: data from 510 cases

    OpenAIRE

    Geel, Albert; Contant, C.M.E.; Wai, Rudi Tjong Joe; Schmitz, Paul; Eggermont, Alexander; Menke-Pluymers, Marian

    2003-01-01

    textabstractBACKGROUND: Immediate reconstruction of the breast can be performed in selected cases after mastectomy for breast cancer or after prophylactic mastectomy in patients with a high risk of developing breast cancer. Despite the frequency with which these procedures are performed, data from large series of subpectoral implantation of silicone prostheses in combination with a skin-saving approach are lacking. METHODS: In this retrospective study, data on complications and late surgical ...

  2. The clinical research of off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting by small incision at the left chest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiao, L-B; Zhang, Y-H; Zhou, J-W; Yang, M; Ling, Y-P; Gao, Z-S; Wang, Y-S

    2016-01-01

    To explore the clinical value of off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting by small incision at the left chest, and develop a better surgical regimen for coronary heart disease patients. 201 coronary heart disease patients who need coronary artery bypass grafting were required and randomly divided into 2 groups including a control group and an observation group. There were 107 cases in the control group who received coronary bypass grafting by extracorporeal circulation; there were 103 cases in the observation group who received off-pump coronary bypass grafting by small incision at the left chest. The duration of the mechanism ventilation, length of stay in ICU, hospitalization time, postoperative drainage volume, and the occurrence rate of complications were recorded and compared. The duration of mechanism ventilation, length of stay in ICU, hospitalization time and postoperative drainage volume in the control group were (19.21 ± 1.33) hours, (5.08 ± 0.57) days, (21.20 ± 2.34) days and (997.68 ± 96.35) mL, which were (7.73 ± 0.74) hours, (2.83 ± 0.16) days, (15.67 ± 1.18) days and (901.53 ± 89.32) mL in the observation group respectively, with statistical difference between the two groups (pdisease, pulmonary infection, perioperative cardiac infarction and mortality did not display a significant difference between the two groups (p > 0.05). Off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting by small incision at the left chest is a surgical method with less injury and fast recovery, which can be used as the preferred therapeutical method for the coronary heart disease patients who need coronary artery bypass grafting.

  3. Herniotomy in resource-scarce environment: Comparison of incisions and techniques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Musa Ibrahim

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: There are various methods for surgical treatment of hernia and hydrocele in children with variable cost-effectiveness, recovery and cosmetic outcomes. This study analyses our experience with mini-incision/invasive herniotomy in children in resource-limited centre. Materials and Methods: Seven hundred and eighty-four n = 784 patients underwent herniotomy via conventional and mini-invasive methods were assigned into Group A and Group B. Three hundred and seventy-six n = 376 (47.95% in Group A while four hundred and eight n = 408 (52.04% in Group B. Eight hundred and seventeen (817 herniotomy was performed. Demographic data, hernia/hydrocele sides, volume of surgical suture used, surgery duration, and complications analysed. Results: Right side hernia and/or hydrocele were 464 (59.18%. 287 (36.60% had left sided while 33 (4.21% had bilateral hernia and/or hydrocele. There were 14 bilateral hernia repair in Group A and 19 in Group B. The lengths of operation time for unilateral repair ranged from 14 to 54 min in Group A (median, 23 min and 7-44 min in Group B (median, 15 min with a mean surgical duration of 15.48 ± 4.16 min in Group B versus 23.41 ± 5.94 min in Group A (P < 0.001 while the range of the lengths of operation time for bilateral repair in Group A was 20-54 min (median, 36 and 12-30 min (median, 21 in Group B with a mean duration of 36.35 ± 9.89 min in Group A versus 20.42 ± 4.83 min in Group B P = 0.00563. 376 sachets of 45 cm suture material were used in Group A versus 137 in Group B. There were total of 87 (23.13% complications in Group A versus 3 (1.47% in Group B P = 0.000513. Superficial wound infection and abscess were 9 (2.36% and 16 (4.25% in Group A versus none (0 in Group B. Conclusion: Mini-incision/invasive herniotomy in children and adolescents is fast, cost-effective with satisfactory cosmetic outcome and limited complications

  4. Incision of Licus Vallis, Mars, From Multiple Lake Overflow Floods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goudge, Timothy A.; Fassett, Caleb I.

    2018-02-01

    Licus Vallis is a large valley (>350 km long, >2 km wide, and >150 m deep) that heads at the outlet breach of an 30 km diameter impact crater. We present observations of the geomorphology and topography of this paleolake outlet valley and associated tributary valleys to constrain the history of incision of the Licus Vallis system. Licus Vallis has an abrupt increase in gradient by a factor of approximately 4 along its longitudinal profile, and a knickpoint that drops 200 m over a reach of 2 km approximately 12 km downstream from the valley head. We also describe a set of paired terraces within Licus Vallis, which are continuous for tens of kilometers and define an interior valley >2 km in width. We interpret the geomorphology of Licus Vallis as recording at least two discrete, major episodes of valley incision, both driven by lake overflow floods. The main portion of Licus Vallis formed by overflow flooding from a large ( 103-104 km2) lake contained in an intercrater basin. Subsequently, overflow flooding from a lake within the 30 km diameter impact crater reactivated Licus Vallis, forming a major knickpoint at the valley head and establishing the upstream section of the valley at a lower slope. Farther down the valley, this flood event incised an interior valley bounded by paired terraces. Regional tributary valleys that feed Licus Vallis also have prominent knickpoints, which have retreated farthest for downstream valleys. We conclude that these knickpoints record successive waves of incision that swept up Licus Vallis during lake overflow flooding, with erosion in the main trunk of the valley (from overflow floods) significantly outpacing erosion in the tributary valleys (from regional surface runoff). These observations of Licus Vallis illustrate how lake overflow floods may have provided an important control on the pace of landscape evolution on Mars.

  5. Rehabilitation of anterior teeth with customised incisal guide table.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mall, Priyanka; Singh, Kamleshwar; Rao, Jitendra; Kumar, Lakshya

    2013-05-24

    Restoration of anterior guidance is a major challenge to the clinician in planning of all restorative treatments. An accurate anterior guidance is important for proper function, aesthetics, comfort and phonetics. This article describes anterior rehabilitation of a patient who met with a road traffic accident and lost his anterior teeth. Anterior guidance developed in the provisional restorations was accurately recorded in the customised incisal guide table and permanent restorations were fabricated accordingly.

  6. Rehabilitation of anterior teeth with customised incisal guide table

    OpenAIRE

    Mall, Priyanka; Singh, Kamleshwar; Rao, Jitendra; Kumar, Lakshya

    2013-01-01

    Restoration of anterior guidance is a major challenge to the clinician in planning of all restorative treatments. An accurate anterior guidance is important for proper function, aesthetics, comfort and phonetics. This article describes anterior rehabilitation of a patient who met with a road traffic accident and lost his anterior teeth. Anterior guidance developed in the provisional restorations was accurately recorded in the customised incisal guide table and permanent restorations were fabr...

  7. Rehabilitation of anterior teeth with customised incisal guide table

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mall, Priyanka; Singh, Kamleshwar; Rao, Jitendra; Kumar, Lakshya

    2013-01-01

    Restoration of anterior guidance is a major challenge to the clinician in planning of all restorative treatments. An accurate anterior guidance is important for proper function, aesthetics, comfort and phonetics. This article describes anterior rehabilitation of a patient who met with a road traffic accident and lost his anterior teeth. Anterior guidance developed in the provisional restorations was accurately recorded in the customised incisal guide table and permanent restorations were fabricated accordingly. PMID:23709546

  8. Mini incision open pyeloplasty - Improvement in patient outcome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vishwajeet Singh

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Purpose: To assess the subjective and objective outcomes of mini-incision dismembered Anderson-Hynes pyeloplasty in the treatment of primary ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO. Materials and Methods: Between January 2008 to January 2013, Anderson-Hynes pyeloplasty was performed in 71 patients diagnosed with primary UPJO. Small subcostal muscle splitting incision was used in all cases. Sixteen patients with renal calculi underwent concomitant pyelolithotomy. Subjective outcome was assessed using visual pain analogue score (VAS. For objective assessment, the improvement in differential renal function (DRF and radio-tracer wash out time (T1/2 on Tc-99m DTPA scan and decrease in hydronephrosis (HDN on renal ultrasound (USG and urography (IVU were assessed. Results: Mean incision length was 5.2 cm. The average operating time and postoperative hospital stay was 63 (52-124 minutes and 2.5 (2–6 days respectively. Concomitant renal calculi were successfully removed in all the patients. Overall complication rates were 8.4% and overall success rate was 98.6% at median follow-up of 16 months. There was significant improvement in pain score (p=0.0001 and significant decrease in HDN after the procedure. While preoperative mean T1/2 was 26.7±6.4 minutes, postoperative half-time decreased to 7.8±4.2 minutes at 6 months and to 6.7±3.3 minutes at 1 year. Mean pre-operative DRF was 26.45% and it was 31.38% and 33.19% at 6 months and 1 year respectively. Conclusions: Mini-incision pyeloplasty is a safe and effective technique with combined advantage of high success rates of standard open pyeloplasty with decreased morbidity of laparoscopic approach. Excellent functional and objective outcomes can be achieved without extra technical difficulty.

  9. Incisive papilla and positions of maxillary anterior teeth among ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Results: One hundred and twelve maxillary casts generated from participants aged 18-35 years (mean age 22.39±2.00 years), with well aligned arches were studied. The maxillary central incisor exhibited a mean of 14.93±1.52mm from the posterior limit of the incisive papilla while the inter-canine line scored a mean of ...

  10. Endoscope-assisted transoral thyroidectomy using a frenotomy incision.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woo, Seung Hoon

    2014-05-01

    Natural orifice translumenal endoscopic surgery (NOTES(®); American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy [Oak Brook, IL] and Society of American Gastrointestinal and Endoscopic Surgeons [Los Angeles, CA]) has generated excitement among surgeons as potentially scar-free surgery. We developed this technique while taking into consideration that it could also be applied to transoral thyroid surgery. We report the case of a 35-year-old woman with a 0.5×0.5-cm papillary thyroid microcarcinoma. We implemented a modified approach for the removal of the thyroid by using a frenotomy incision of the mouth, accompanied by an endoscope system. A modified approach for the removal of the thyroid was used on the patient. The total operating time was 120 minutes, and there were no specific complications. The patient continues to be free of any diseases 12 months after the excision. Thyroidectomy can be performed by a transoral endoscope-assisted approach through a frenotomy incision of the mouth. We describe the detailed procedures for an endoscope-assisted transoral thyroidectomy using a frenotomy incision.

  11. [Shift the skin paddle in an additional incision improves the result: Study of a series of 82 breast reconstructions by latissimus dorsi flap and prosthesis implantation at 10 years].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chiriac, S; Dissaux, C; Bruant-Rodier, C; Djerada, Z; Bodin, F; François, C

    2017-06-01

    The position of the skin paddle on the breast area is a fundamental element for the breast reconstructions by latissimus dorsi flap and prosthesis implantation. Should, as Millard advocated, to recreate the initial defect and include it in the mastectomy scar or is it better in an additional incision as have others authors. This study compares the long-term morphological results of these two attitudes, with or without additional incision. Eighty-two breast reconstructions by latissimus dorsi flap and prosthesis implantation, with a mean follow-up of 9.5 years were scored from 1 to 5 by a panel of expert and non-expert. The patients scored also their own reconstruction. Various parameters of the reconstructed breast were thus evaluated. We compared the results, according to the positioning of the skin paddle: with additional incision (50 cases); without additional incision (32 cases). The characteristics of the mastectomy scar on the breast area, high or low, horizontal or oblique, defined 6 groups where the results of the 2 surgical options were compared. Only the reconstructions with additional incision get significantly higher results than those without additional incision (P<0.05). This involves the two panels, in the case of high mastectomy scars. In the others cases the additional incision is not essential. If the realization of an additional incision can be perceived like misfit on an area already "mutilated", we plead for this solution in selected cases. This provides a benefit stable in time, in terms of overall results, shape and even rendering scar. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  12. Transumbilical single-incision laparoscopic subtotal gastrectomy and total intracorporeal reconstruction of the digestive tract in the treatment of benign peptic ulcers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Yong-Sheng; Wu, Shuo-Dong; Kong, Jing

    2014-12-01

    Single-incision laparoscopic surgery is being applied increasingly in many surgical specialties. However, few reports are available regarding its use in the treatment of benign peptic ulcer disease. We report here on nine patients with gastric or duodenal ulcers who underwent transumbilical single-incision laparoscopic subtotal gastrectomy (SILSG) between November 2010 and June 2013. All procedures were performed with conventional laparoscopic instruments placed through a single operating portal of entry created within the umbilicus. Total intracorporeal gastrojejunostomy or gastroduodenostomy was then performed for reconstruction of the digestive tract. Only one case required conversion from single-incision to multiple-incision surgery. Among the eight patients who successfully underwent SILSG, total intracorporeal gastroduodenostomy was performed in two and gastrojejunostomy in six. The mean operation time was 290 ± 50 min (range 230-360 min), and blood loss was 200 ± 66 mL (range 100-300 mL). The patients recovered fully, and the single umbilical scars healed well. We believe this is the first report of SILSG with total intracorporeal gastrojejunostomy or gastroduodenostomy in the treatment of benign peptic ulcers. On the basis of this initial experience, SILSG for this indication in the hands of experienced surgeons appears to be feasible and safe. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  13. Anatomy of Mandibular Vital Structures. Part II: Mandibular Incisive Canal, Mental Foramen and Associated Neurovascular Bundles in Relation with Dental Implantology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gintautas Sabalys

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: The purpose of the present study was to review the literature of how to identify the mental foramen, mandibular incisive canal and associated neurovascular bundles during implant surgery and how to detect and avoid the damage of these vital structures during implant therapy.Material and Methods: Literature was selected through a search of PubMed, Embase and Cochrane electronic databases. The keywords used for search were mandibular incisive canal, mental foramen, mental nerve, anterior mental loop. The search was restricted to English language articles, published from 1979 to November 2009. Additionally, a manual search in the major anatomy, dental implant, and periodontal journals and books was performed.Results: In total, 47 literature sources were obtained and reviewed. The morphology and variations of the mandibular incisive canal, mental foramen and associated neurovascular bundles were presented as two entities. It suggested that clinicians should carefully assess these vital structures to avoid nerve/artery damage.Conclusions: The mandibular incisive canal, mental foramen and associated neurovascular bundles exist in different locations and possess many variations. Individual, gender, age, race, assessing technique used and degree of edentulous alveolar bone atrophy largely influence these variations. It suggests that the clinicians should carefully identify these anatomical landmarks, by analyzing all influencing factors, prior to their implant surgical operation.

  14. Anatomy of Mandibular Vital Structures. Part II: Mandibular Incisive Canal, Mental Foramen and Associated Neurovascular Bundles in Relation