Supersymmetric heterotic string backgrounds
Gran, U.; Papadopoulos, G.; Roest, D.; Cvetič, M.
2007-01-01
We present the main features of the solution of the gravitino and dilatino Killing spinor equations derived in hep-th/0510176 and hep-th/0703143 which have led to the classification of geometric types of all type I backgrounds. We then apply these results to the supersymmetric backgrounds of the het
Geometry of all supersymmetric type I backgrounds
Gran, Ulf; Papadopoulos, George; Sloane, Peter; Roest, Diederik
2007-01-01
We find the geometry of all supersymmetric type I backgrounds by solving the gravitino and dilatino Killing spinor equations, using the spinorial geometry technique, in all cases. The solutions of the gravitino Killing spinor equation are characterized by their isotropy group in Spin(9, 1), while th
The spinorial method of classifying supersymmetric backgrounds
Gran, U.; Gutowski, J.; Papadopoulos, G.; Roest, D.
2006-01-01
We review how the classification of all supersymmetric backgrounds of IIB supergravity can be reduced to the evaluation of the Killing spinor equations and their integrability conditions, which contain the field equations, on five types of spinors. This is an extension of the work [hep-th/0503046] t
Supersymmetric backgrounds and generalised special holonomy
Coimbra, André; Strickland-Constable, Charles; Waldram, Daniel
2016-06-01
We define intrinsic torsion in generalised geometry and use it to introduce a new notion of generalised special holonomy. We then consider generic warped supersymmetric flux compactifications of M theory and Type II of the form {{{R}}}D-{1,1}× M. Using the language of {E}d(d)× {{{R}}}+ generalised geometry, we show that, for D≥slant 4, preserving minimal supersymmetry is equivalent to the manifold M having generalised special holonomy and list the relevant holonomy groups. We conjecture that this result extends to backgrounds preserving any number of supersymmetries. As a prime example, we consider { N }=1 in D = 4. The corresponding generalised special holonomy group is {SU}(7), giving the natural M theory extension to the notion of a G 2 manifold, and, for Type II backgrounds, reformulating the pure spinor {SU}(3)× {SU}(3) conditions as an integrable structure.
Supersymmetric Backgrounds and Generalised Special Holonomy
Coimbra, André; Waldram, Daniel
2014-01-01
We define intrinsic torsion in generalised geometry and use it to introduce a new notion of generalised special holonomy. We then consider generic warped supersymmetric flux compactifications of M theory and Type II of the form $\\mathbb{R}^{D-1,1}\\times M$. Using the language of $E_{d(d)}\\times\\mathbb{R}^+$ generalised geometry, we show that, for $D\\geq 4$, preserving minimal supersymmetry is equivalent to the manifold $M$ having generalised special holonomy and list the relevant holonomy groups. We conjecture that this result extends to backgrounds preserving any number of supersymmetries. As a prime example, we consider $\\mathcal{N}=1$ in $D=4$. The corresponding generalised special holonomy group is $SU(7)$, giving the natural M theory extension to the notion of a $G_2$ manifold, and, for Type II backgrounds, reformulating the pure spinor $SU(3)\\times SU(3)$ conditions as an integrable structure.
Non-renormalization theorems andN=2 supersymmetric backgrounds
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Butter, Daniel [Nikhef, Science Park 105, 1098 XG Amsterdam (Netherlands); Wit, Bernard de [Nikhef, Science Park 105, 1098 XG Amsterdam (Netherlands); Institute for Theoretical Physics, Utrecht University,Leuvenlaan 4, 3584 CE Utrecht (Netherlands); Lodato, Ivano [Nikhef, Science Park 105, 1098 XG Amsterdam (Netherlands)
2014-03-28
The conditions for fully supersymmetric backgrounds of general N = 2 locally supersymmetric theories are derived based on the off-shell superconformal multiplet calculus. This enables the derivation of a non-renormalization theorem for a large class of supersymmetric invariants with higher-derivative couplings. The theorem implies that the invariant and its first order variation must vanish in a fully supersymmetric background. The conjectured relation of one particular higher-derivative invariant with a specific five-dimensional invariant containing the mixed gauge-gravitational Chern-Simons term is confirmed.
Non-renormalization theorems and N=2 supersymmetric backgrounds
Butter, Daniel; Lodato, Ivano
2014-01-01
The conditions for fully supersymmetric backgrounds of general N=2 locally supersymmetric theories are derived based on the off-shell superconformal multiplet calculus. This enables the derivation of a non-renormalization theorem for a large class of supersymmetric invariants with higher-derivative couplings. The theorem implies that the invariant and its first order variation must vanish in a fully supersymmetric background. The conjectured relation of one particular higher-derivative invariant with a specific five-dimensional invariant containing the mixed gauge-gravitational Chern-Simons term is confirmed.
Rigid Supersymmetric Backgrounds of 3-dimensional Newton-Cartan Supergravity
Knodel, Gino; Liu, James T
2015-01-01
Recently, a non-relativistic off-shell formulation of three dimensional Newton-Cartan supergravity was proposed as the $c \\rightarrow \\infty$ limit of three dimensional $\\mathcal{N}=2$ supergravity in arXiv:1505.02095. In the present paper we study supersymmetric backgrounds within this theory. Using integrability constraints for the non-relativistic Killing spinor equations, we explicitly construct all maximally supersymmetric solutions, which admit four supercharges. In addition to these solutions, there are $\\frac{1}{2}$-BPS solutions with reduced supersymmetry. We give explicit examples of such backgrounds and derive necessary conditions for backgrounds preserving two supercharges. Finally, we address how supersymmetric backgrounds of $\\mathcal{N}=2$ supergravity are connected to the solutions found here in the $c \\rightarrow \\infty$ limit.
Deformed supersymmetric gauge theories from the fluxtrap background
Orlando, Domenico
2013-01-01
The fluxtrap background of string theory provides a transparent and algorithmic way of constructing supersymmetric gauge theories with both mass and Omega-type deformations in various dimensions. In this article, we review a number of deformed supersymmetric gauge theories in two and four dimensions which can be obtained via the fluxtrap background from string or M-theory. Such theories, the most well-known being Omega-deformed super Yang-Mills theory in four dimensions, have met with a lot of interest in the recent literature. The string theory treatment offers many new avenues of analysis and applications, such as for example the study of the gravity duals for deformed N=4 gauge theories.
Rigid 4D N=2 supersymmetric backgrounds and actions
Butter, Daniel; Lodato, Ivano
2015-01-01
We classify all N=2 rigid supersymmetric backgrounds in four dimensions with both Lorentzian and Euclidean signature that preserve eight real supercharges, up to discrete identifications. Among the backgrounds we find specific warpings of S^3 x R and AdS_3 x R, AdS_2 x S^2 and H^2 x S^2 with generic radii, and some more exotic geometries. We provide the generic two-derivative rigid vector and hypermultiplet actions and analyze the conditions imposed on the special Kahler and hyperkahler target spaces.
Supersymmetric backgrounds from 5d N=1 supergravity
Imamura, Yosuke
2014-01-01
We construct curved backgrounds with Euclidean signature admitting rigid supersymmetry by using a 5d N=1 off-shell Poincare supergravity. We solve the conditions for the background Weyl multiplet and vector multiplets that preserve at least one supersymmetry parameterized by a symplectic Majorana spinor, and represent the solution in terms of several independent fields. We also show that the partition function does not depends on the local degrees of freedom of the background fields. Namely, as far as we focus on a single coordinate patch, we can freely change the independent fields by combining Q-exact deformations and gauge transformations. We also discuss realization of several known examples of supersymmetric theories in curved backgrounds by using the supergravity.
On supersymmetric Anti-de-Sitter, de-Sitter and Minkowski flux backgrounds
Gran, U; Papadopoulos, G
2016-01-01
We test the robustness of the conditions required for the existence of (supersymmetric) warped flux anti-de Sitter, de Sitter, and Minkowski backgrounds in supergravity theories using as examples suitable foliations of anti-de Sitter spaces. We find that there are supersymmetric de Sitter solutions in supergravity theories including maximally supersymmetric ones in 10- and 11-dimensional supergravities. Moreover, warped flux Minkowski backgrounds can admit Killing spinors which are not Killing on the Minkowski subspace and therefore cannot be put in a factorized form.
Non-singlet Baryons in Less Supersymmetric Backgrounds
Giataganas, Dimitrios; Picos, Marco; Siampos, Konstadinos
2012-01-01
We analyze the holographic description of non-singlet baryons in various backgrounds with reduced supersymmetries and/or confining. We show that they exist in all AdS_5xY_5 backgrounds with Y_5 an Einstein manifold bearing five form flux, for a number of quarks 5N/8< k< N, independently on the supersymmetries preserved. This result still holds for gamma_i deformations. In the confining Maldacena-Nunez background non-singlet baryons also exist, although in this case the interval for the number of quarks is reduced as compared to the conformal case. We generalize these configurations to include a non-vanishing magnetic flux such that a complementary microscopical description can be given in terms of lower dimensional branes expanding into fuzzy baryons. This description is a first step towards exploring the finite 't Hooft coupling region.
Supersymmetric backgrounds, the Killing superalgebra, and generalised special holonomy
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Coimbra, André [Institut des Hautes Études Scientifiques, Le Bois-Marie,35 route de Chartres, F-91440 Bures-sur-Yvette (France); Strickland-Constable, Charles [Institut des Hautes Études Scientifiques, Le Bois-Marie,35 route de Chartres, F-91440 Bures-sur-Yvette (France); Institut de physique théorique, Université Paris Saclay, CEA, CNRS,Orme des Merisiers, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette (France)
2016-11-10
We prove that, for M theory or type II, generic Minkowski flux backgrounds preserving N supersymmetries in dimensions D≥4 correspond precisely to integrable generalised G{sub N} structures, where G{sub N} is the generalised structure group defined by the Killing spinors. In other words, they are the analogues of special holonomy manifolds in E{sub d(d)}×ℝ{sup +} generalised geometry. In establishing this result, we introduce the Kosmann-Dorfman bracket, a generalisation of Kosmann’s Lie derivative of spinors. This allows us to write down the internal sector of the Killing superalgebra, which takes a rather simple form and whose closure is the key step in proving the main result. In addition, we find that the eleven-dimensional Killing superalgebra of these backgrounds is necessarily the supertranslational part of the N-extended super-Poincaré algebra.
Supersymmetric Backgrounds, the Killing Superalgebra, and Generalised Special Holonomy
Coimbra, André
2016-01-01
We prove that, for M theory or type II, generic Minkowski flux backgrounds preserving $\\mathcal{N}$ supersymmetries in dimensions $D\\geq4$ correspond precisely to integrable generalised $G_{\\mathcal{N}}$ structures, where $G_{\\mathcal{N}}$ is the generalised structure group defined by the Killing spinors. In other words, they are the analogues of special holonomy manifolds in $E_{d(d)} \\times\\mathbb{R}^+$ generalised geometry. In establishing this result, we introduce the Kosmann-Dorfman bracket, a generalisation of Kosmann's Lie derivative of spinors. This allows us to write down the internal sector of the Killing superalgebra, which takes a rather simple form and whose closure is the key step in proving the main result. In addition, we find that the eleven-dimensional Killing superalgebra of these backgrounds is necessarily the supertranslational part of the $\\mathcal{N}$-extended super-Poincar\\'e algebra.
Supersymmetric backgrounds, the Killing superalgebra, and generalised special holonomy
Coimbra, André; Strickland-Constable, Charles
2016-11-01
We prove that, for M theory or type II, generic Minkowski flux backgrounds preserving N supersymmetries in dimensions D ≥ 4 correspond precisely to integrable generalised {G}_{N} structures, where {G}_{N} is the generalised structure group defined by the Killing spinors. In other words, they are the analogues of special holonomy manifolds in {E}_{d(d)}× {R}+ generalised geometry. In establishing this result, we introduce the Kosmann-Dorfman bracket, a generalisation of Kosmann's Lie derivative of spinors. This allows us to write down the internal sector of the Killing superalgebra, which takes a rather simple form and whose closure is the key step in proving the main result. In addition, we find that the eleven-dimensional Killing superalgebra of these backgrounds is necessarily the supertranslational part of the N -extended super-Poincaré algebra.
Butti, A; Minasian, R; Petrini, M; Zaffaroni, A; Butti, Agostino; Gra{\\~n}a, Mariana; Minasian, Ruben; Petrini, Michela; Zaffaroni, Alberto
2005-01-01
We exhibit a one-parameter family of regular supersymmetric solutions of type IIB theory that interpolates between Klebanov-Strassler (KS) and Maldacena-Nunez (MN). The solution is obtained by applying the supersymmetry conditions for SU(3)-structure manifolds to an interpolating ansatz proposed by Papadopolous and Tseytlin. Other than at the KS point, the family does not have a conformally-Ricci-flat metric, neither it has self-dual three-form flux. Nevertheless, the asymptotic IR and UV are that of KS troughout the family, except for the extremal value of the interpolating parameter where the UV solution drastically changes to MN. This one-parameter family of solutions is interpreted as the dual of the baryonic branch of gauge theory, confirming the expecation that the KS solution corresponds to a particular symmetric point in the branch.
Supersymmetric counterterms from new minimal supergravity
Assel, Benjamin; Martelli, Dario
2014-01-01
We present a systematic classification of counterterms of four-dimensional supersymmetric field theories on curved space, obtained as the rigid limit of new minimal supergravity. These are supergravity invariants constructed using the field theory background fields. We demonstrate that if the background preserves two supercharges of opposite chirality, then all dimensionless counterterms vanish. This implies that a supersymmetric renormalisation scheme is free of ambiguities. When only one Euclidean supercharge is preserved, we describe the ambiguities that appear in supersymmetric observables, in particular in the dependence on marginal couplings.
Khoury, Justin; Ovrut, Burt A
2011-01-01
Galileon theories are of considerable interest since they allow for stable violations of the null energy condition. Since such violations could have occurred during a high-energy regime in the history of our universe, we are motivated to study supersymmetric extensions of these theories. This is carried out in this paper, where we construct generic classes of N=1 supersymmetric Galileon Lagrangians. They are shown to admit non-equivalent stress-energy tensors and, hence, vacua manifesting differing conditions for violating the null energy condition. The temporal and spatial fluctuations of all component fields of the supermultiplet are analyzed and shown to be stable on a large number of such backgrounds. In the process, we uncover a surprising connection between conformal Galileon and ghost condensate theories, allowing for a deeper understanding of both types of theories.
Lü, H; Stelle, Kellogg S
2006-01-01
The notion of {\\it generalised structure groups} and {\\it generalised holonomy groups} has been introduced in supergravity, in order to discuss the spinor rotations generated by commutators of supercovariant derivatives when non-vanishing form fields are included, with their associated gamma-matrix structures that go beyond the usual \\Gamma_{MN} of the Riemannian connection. In this paper we investigate the generalisations to the usual Riemannian structure and holonomy groups that result from the inclusion of higher-order string or M-theory corrections in the supercovariant derivative. Even in the absence of background form fields, these corrections introduce additional terms \\Gamma_{M_1... M_6} in the supercovariant connection, and hence they lead to enlarged structure and holonomy groups. In some cases, the corrected equations of motion force form fields to become non-zero too, which can further enlarge the groups. Our investigation focuses on the generalised structure and holonomy groups in the transverse ...
Supersymmetric Lifshitz-like backgrounds from N=4 SYM with heavy quark density
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Faedo, Anton F.; Fraser, Benjo; Kumar, S. Prem [Department of Physics, Swansea University, Singleton Park, Swansea, SA2 8PP (United Kingdom)
2014-02-17
We examine a class of gravity backgrounds obtained by considering the backreaction of a spatially uniform density of mutually BPS Wilson lines or heavy quarks in N=4 SUSY Yang-Mills theory. The configurations preserve eight supercharges and an SO(5) subgroup of the SO(6) R-symmetry. They are obtained by considering the (1/4)-BPS geometries associated to smeared string/D3-brane (F1-D3) intersections. We argue that for the (partially) localized intersection, the geometry exhibits a flow from AdS{sub 5}×S{sup 5} in the UV to a novel IR scaling solution displaying anisotropic Lifshitz-like scaling with dynamical critical exponent z=7, hyperscaling violation and a logarithmic running dilaton. We also obtain a two-parameter family of smeared (1/4)-BPS solutions on the Coulomb branch of N=4 SYM exhibiting Lifshitz scaling and hyperscaling violation. For a certain parametric range these yield IR geometries which are conformal to AdS{sub 2}×ℝ{sup 3}, and which have been argued to be relevant for fermionic physics.
Guenther, Paul Andre
2016-01-01
In this report, an attempt to select $b$-quark pairs from $g\\rightarrow b\\bar b$ in the $t\\bar t+$jets background simulation of a search for supersymmetric particles in events with leptons and multiple jets is presented. $b$-tagged jets are paired and selected exploiting kinematic differences between these from gluon-splitting and mainly those from top quark decays. It is found that $(33\\pm3)\\%$ of the built pairs from the background in the signal region consist of two $b$-tagged jets from gluon-splitting. No large improvement of the signal-to-background ratio can be achieved from this. The fraction of built $b$-tagged jet pairs that originate from a gluon can be increased to above $60\\%$ with a cut on a discriminating variable.
Supersymmetric Color Superconductivity
Harnik, R; Murayama, H; Harnik, Roni; Larson, Daniel T.; Murayama, Hitoshi
2004-01-01
Recent interest in novel phases in high density QCD motivates the study of high density supersymmetric QCD (SQCD), where powerful exact results for supersymmetric gauge theories can be brought to bear in the strongly coupled regime. We begin by describing how a chemical potential can be incorporated into a supersymmetric theory as a spurion vector superfield. We then study supersymmetric SU(N_c) gauge theories with N_f flavors of quarks in the presence of a baryon chemical potential mu, and describe the global symmetry breaking patterns at low energy. Our analysis requires mu mu_c. We also give a qualitative description of the phases in the `conformal window', 3/2 N_c < N_f < 3N_c, at finite density.
Adding momentum to supersymmetric geometries
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Lunin, Oleg, E-mail: olunin@albany.edu [Department of Physics, University at Albany (SUNY), Albany, NY 12222 (United States); Mathur, Samir D., E-mail: mathur.16@osu.edu [Department of Physics, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210 (United States); Turton, David, E-mail: turton.7@osu.edu [Department of Physics, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210 (United States)
2013-03-11
We consider general supersymmetric solutions to minimal supergravity in six dimensions, trivially lifted to IIB supergravity. To any such solution we add a traveling wave deformation involving the additional directions. The deformed solution is given in terms of a function which is harmonic in the background geometry. We also present a family of explicit examples describing microstates of the D1-D5 system on T{sup 4}. In the case where the background contains a large AdS region, the deformation is identified as corresponding to an action of a U(1) current of the D1-D5 orbifold CFT on a given state.
Adding momentum to supersymmetric geometries
Lunin, Oleg; Turton, David
2012-01-01
We consider general supersymmetric solutions to minimal supergravity in six dimensions, trivially lifted to IIB supergravity. To any such solution we add a travelling-wave deformation involving the additional directions. The deformed solution is given in terms of a function which is harmonic in the background geometry. We also present a family of explicit examples describing microstates of the D1-D5 system on T^4. In the case where the background contains a large AdS region, the deformation is identified as corresponding to an action of a U(1) current of the D1-D5 orbifold CFT on a given state.
Supersymmetric color superconductivity
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Harnik, Roni; Larson, Daniel T.; Murayama, Hitoshi
2003-09-18
Recent interest in novel phases in high density QCD motivates the study of high density supersymmetric QCD (SQCD), where powerful exact results for supersymmetric gauge theories can be brought to bear in the strongly coupled regime. We begin by describing how a chemical potential can be incorporated into a supersymmetric theory as a spurion vector superfield. We then study supersymmetric SU(N{sub c}) gauge theories with N{sub f} flavors of quarks in the presence of a baryon chemical potential {mu}, and describe the global symmetry breaking patterns at low energy. Our analysis requires {mu} < {Lambda} and is thus complementary to the variational approach that has been successful for {mu} >> {Lambda}. We find that for N{sub F} < N{sub c} a modified U(1){sub B} symmetry is preserved, analogous to the non-supersymmetric 2SC phase, whereas for N{sub f} = N{sub c} there is a critical chemical potential above which the U(1){sub B} is broken, as it is in the non-supersymmetric CFL phase. We further analyze the cases with N{sub c} + 1 {le} N{sub f} < 3/2 N{sub c} and find that baryon number is broken dynamically for {mu} > {mu}{sub c}. We also give a qualitative description of the phases in the ''conformal window'', 3/2 N{sub c} < N{sub f} < 3N{sub c}, at finite density.
Planarizable Supersymmetric Quantum Toboggans
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Miloslav Znojil
2011-02-01
Full Text Available In supersymmetric quantum mechanics the emergence of a singularity may lead to the breakdown of isospectrality between partner potentials. One of the regularization recipes is based on a topologically nontrivial, multisheeted complex deformations of the line of coordinate x giving the so called quantum toboggan models (QTM. The consistent theoretical background of this recipe is briefly reviewed. Then, certain supersymmetric QTM pairs are shown exceptional and reducible to doublets of non-singular ordinary differential equations a.k.a. Sturm-Schrödinger equations containing a weighted energy E→EW(x and living in single complex plane.
The Supersymmetric Particle Spectrum
Barger, V; Ohmann, P
1994-01-01
We examine the spectrum of supersymmetric particles predicted by grand unified theoretical (GUT) models where the electroweak symmetry breaking is accomplished radiatively. We evolve the soft supersymmetry breaking parameters according to the renormalization group equations (RGE). The minimization of the Higgs potential is conveniently described by means of tadpole diagrams. We present complete one-loop expressions for these minimization conditions, including contributions from the matter and the gauge sectors. We concentrate on the low $\\tan \\beta$ fixed point region (that provides a natural explanation of a large top quark mass) for which we find solutions to the RGE satisfying both experimental bounds and fine-tuning criteria. We also find that the constraint from the consideration of the lightest supersymmetric particle as the dark matter of the universe is accommodated in much of parameter space where the lightest neutralino is predominantly gaugino. The supersymmetric mass spectrum displays correlations...
Barranco, Alejandro
2012-01-01
We implement relativistic BCS superconductivity in N=1 supersymmetric field theories with a U(1)_R symmetry. The simplest model contains two chiral superfields with a Kahler potential modified by quartic terms. We study the phase diagram of the gap as a function of the temperature and the specific heat. The superconducting phase transition turns out to be first order, due to the scalar contribution to the one-loop potential. By virtue of supersymmetry, the critical curves depend logarithmically with the UV cutoff, rather than quadratically as in standard BCS theory. We comment on the difficulties in having fermion condensates when the chemical potential is instead coupled to a baryonic U(1)_B current. We also discuss supersymmetric models of BCS with canonical Kahler potential constructed by "integrating-in" chiral superfields.
Gudnason, Sven Bjarke; Sasaki, Shin
2015-01-01
Construction of a supersymmetric extension of the Skyrme term was a long-standing problem because of the auxiliary field problem; that is, the auxiliary field may propagate and cannot be eliminated, and the problem of having fourth-order time derivative terms. In this paper, we construct for the first time a supersymmetric extension of the Skyrme term in four spacetime dimensions, in the manifestly supersymmetric superfield formalism that does not suffer from the auxiliary field problem. Chiral symmetry breaking in supersymmetric theories results not only in Nambu-Goldstone (NG) bosons (pions) but also in the same number of quasi-NG bosons so that the low-energy theory is described by an SL(N,C)-valued matrix field instead of SU(N) for NG bosons. The solution of auxiliary fields is trivial on the canonical branch of the auxiliary field equation, in which case our model results in a fourth-order derivative term that is not the Skyrme term. For the case of SL(2,C), we find explicitly a nontrivial solution to th...
Currents in supersymmetric field theories
Derendinger, Jean-Pierre
2016-01-01
A general formalism to construct and improve supercurrents and source or anomaly superfields in two-derivative N=1 supersymmetric theories is presented. It includes arbitrary gauge and chiral superfields and a linear superfield coupled to gauge fields. These families of supercurrent structures are characterized by their energy-momentum tensors and R currents and they display a specific relation to the dilatation current of the theory. The linear superfield is introduced in order to describe the gauge coupling as a background (or propagating) field. Supersymmetry does not constrain the dependence on this gauge coupling field of gauge kinetic terms and holomorphicity restrictions are absent. Applying these results to an effective (Wilson) description of super-Yang-Mills theory, matching or cancellation of anomalies leads to an algebraic derivation of the all-order NSVZ beta function.
Nearly Supersymmetric Dark Atoms
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Behbahani, Siavosh R.; Jankowiak, Martin; /SLAC /Stanford U., ITP; Rube, Tomas; /Stanford U., ITP; Wacker, Jay G.; /SLAC /Stanford U., ITP
2011-08-12
Theories of dark matter that support bound states are an intriguing possibility for the identity of the missing mass of the Universe. This article proposes a class of models of supersymmetric composite dark matter where the interactions with the Standard Model communicate supersymmetry breaking to the dark sector. In these models supersymmetry breaking can be treated as a perturbation on the spectrum of bound states. Using a general formalism, the spectrum with leading supersymmetry effects is computed without specifying the details of the binding dynamics. The interactions of the composite states with the Standard Model are computed and several benchmark models are described. General features of non-relativistic supersymmetric bound states are emphasized.
Duality in supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Peskin, M.E.
1997-02-01
These lectures provide an introduction to the behavior of strongly-coupled supersymmetric gauge theories. After a discussion of the effective Lagrangian in nonsupersymmetric and supersymmetric field theories, the author analyzes the qualitative behavior of the simplest illustrative models. These include supersymmetric QCD for N{sub f} < N{sub c}, in which the superpotential is generated nonperturbatively, N = 2 SU(2) Yang-Mills theory (the Seiberg-Witten model), in which the nonperturbative behavior of the effect coupling is described geometrically, and supersymmetric QCD for N{sub f} large, in which the theory illustrates a non-Abelian generalization of electric-magnetic duality. 75 refs., 12 figs.
Ilinskii, K N; Melezhik, V S; Ilinski, K N; Kalinin, G V; Melezhik, V V
1994-01-01
We revise the sequences of SUSY for a cyclic adiabatic evolution governed by the supersymmetric quantum mechanical Hamiltonian. The condition (supersymmetric adiabatic evolution) under which the supersymmetric reductions of Berry (nondegenerated case) or Wilczek-Zee (degenerated case) phases of superpartners are taking place is pointed out. The analogue of Witten index (supersymmetric Berry index) is determined. As the examples of suggested concept of supersymmetric adiabatic evolution the Holomorphic quantum mechanics on complex plane and Meromorphic quantum mechanics on Riemann surface are considered. The supersymmetric Berry indexes for the models are calculated.
The holographic supersymmetric Casimir energy
Benetti Genolini, Pietro; Cassani, Davide; Martelli, Dario; Sparks, James
2017-01-01
We consider a general class of asymptotically locally AdS5 solutions of minimal gauged supergravity, which are dual to superconformal field theories on curved backgrounds S1×M3 preserving two supercharges. We demonstrate that standard holographic renormalization corresponds to a scheme that breaks supersymmetry. We propose new boundary terms that restore supersymmetry, and show that for smooth solutions with topology S1×R4 the improved on-shell action reproduces both the supersymmetric Casimir energy and the field theory supersymmetric relation between charges.
Invariant Regularization of Supersymmetric Chiral Gauge Theory
Hayashi, T; Okuyama, K; Suzuki, H; Hayashi, Takuya; Ohshima, Yoshihisa; Okuyama, Kiyoshi; Suzuki, Hiroshi
1998-01-01
We formulate a manifestly supersymmetric gauge-covariant regularization of supersymmetric chiral gauge theories. In our scheme, the effective action in the superfield background-field method above one-loop is always supersymmetric and gauge invariant. The gauge anomaly has the covariant form and can emerge only in one-loop diagrams with all the external lines are the background gauge superfield. We also present several illustrative applications in the one-loop approximation: The self-energy part of the chiral multiplet and the gauge multiplet; the super-chiral anomaly and the superconformal anomaly; as the corresponding anomalous commutators, the Konishi anomaly and the anomalous supersymmetric transformation law of the supercurrent (the ``central extension'' of N=1 supersymmetry algebra) and of the R-current.
Supersymmetric Displaced Number States
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Fredy R. Zypman
2015-06-01
Full Text Available We introduce, generate and study a family of supersymmetric displaced number states (SDNS that can be considered generalized coherent states of the supersymmetric harmonic oscillator. The family is created from the seminal supersymmetric boson-fermion entangling annihilation operator introduced by Aragone and Zypman and later expanded by Kornbluth and Zypman. Using the momentum representation, the states are obtained analytically in compact form as displaced supersymmetric number states. We study their position-momentum uncertainties, and their bunchiness by classifying them according to their Mandel Q-parameter in phase space. We were also able to find closed form analytical representations in the space and number basis.
Supersymmetric Open Wilson Lines
Baker, Edward B
2011-01-01
In this paper we study Open Wilson Lines (OWL's) in the context of two Supersymmetric Yang Mills theories. First we consider four dimensional N=2 Supersymmetric Yang Mills Theory with hypermultiplets transforming in the fundamental representation of the gauge group, and find supersymmetric OWL's only in the superconformal versions of these theories. We then consider four dimensional N=4 SYM coupled to a three dimensional defect hypermultiplet. Here there is a semi-circular supersymmetric OWL, which is related to the ray by a conformal transformation. We perform a perturbative calculation of the operators in both theories, and discuss using localization to compute them non-perturbatively.
Study of R-parity Violating Decays of Supersymmetric Particles with the ATLAS Detector at the LHC
AUTHOR|(CDS)2101187; Flowerdew, Micheal
Supersymmetry is a space-time symmetry that postulates the existence of new particles. It assigns to each Standard Model fermion (boson) an associated supersymmetric boson (fermion) partner with the same quantum numbers except for spin. The introduction of these new supersymmetric particles provides a potential solution to the hierarchy problem. Discovery of such particles or alternatively an exclusion of a certain supersymmetic parameter space is one of the main purposes of collider experiments. A special scenario of Supersymmetry that enables the decay of the lightest supersymmetric particle to Standard Model particles is studied using proton-proton collision data collected by the ATLAS experiment at center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV. The searched signal is characterized by a final state of at least four leptons, which leads to extraordinarily low background contributions from Standard Model processes. The work described in this thesis assisted to an exclusion of the considered supersymmetric model for hypoth...
New supersymmetric localizations from topological gravity
Bae, Jinbeom; Imbimbo, Camillo; Rey, Soo-Jong; Rosa, Dario
2016-03-01
Supersymmetric field theories can be studied exactly on off-shell "localizing" supergravity backgrounds. We show that these supergravity configurations can be identified with BRST invariant configurations of background topological gravity coupled to background topological gauge multiplets. We apply this topological point of view to two-dimensional {N}=left(2,2right) supersymmetric matter theories to obtain, in a simple and straightforward way, a complete classification of localizing supersymmetric backgrounds in two dimensions. We recover all known localizing backgrounds and (infinitely) many more that have not been explored so far. The newly found localizing backgrounds are characterized by quantized fluxes for both graviphotons of the {N}=left(2,2right) supergravity multiplet. The BRST invariant topological backgrounds are parametrized by both Killing vectors and {{S}}^1 -equivariant cohomology of the two-dimensional spacetime. We completely reconstruct the supergravity backgrounds from the topological data: some of the supergravity fields are twisted versions of the topological backgrounds, but others are composite, in that they are nonlinear functionals of topological fields. Moreover, we show that the supersymmetric Ω-deformation is nothing but the background value of the ghost-for-ghost of topological gravity, a result which holds for higher dimensions too.
Supersymmetric non conservative systems
Martínez-Pérez, N E
2015-01-01
We give the generalization of a recent variational formulation for nonconservative classical mechanics, for fermionic and sypersymmetric systems. Both cases require slightly modified boundary conditions. The supersymmetric version is given in the superfield formalism. The corresponding Noether theorem is formulated. As expected, like the energy, the supersymmetric charges are not conserved. Examples are discussed.
Invariant Regularization of Supersymmetric Chiral Gauge Theory
Suzuki, H
1999-01-01
We present a regularization scheme which respects the supersymmetry and the maximal background gauge covariance in supersymmetric chiral gauge theories. When the anomaly cancellation condition is satisfied, the effective action in the superfield background field method automatically restores the gauge invariance without counterterms. The scheme also provides a background gauge covariant definition of composite operators that is especially useful in analyzing anomalies. We present several applications: The minimal consistent gauge anomaly; the super-chiral anomaly and the superconformal anomaly; as the corresponding anomalous commutators, the Konishi anomaly and an anomalous supersymmetric transformation law of the supercurrent (the ``central extension'' of N=1 supersymmetry algebra) and of the R-current.
Supersymmetric Spacetimes from Curved Superspace
Kuzenko, Sergei M
2015-01-01
We review the superspace technique to determine supersymmetric spacetimes in the framework of off-shell formulations for supergravity in diverse dimensions using the case of 3D N=2 supergravity theories as an illustrative example. This geometric formalism has several advantages over other approaches advocated in the last four years. Firstly, the infinitesimal isometry transformations of a given curved superspace form, by construction, a finite-dimensional Lie superalgebra, with its odd part corresponding to the rigid supersymmetry transformations. Secondly, the generalised Killing spinor equation, which must be obeyed by the supersymmetry parameters, is a consequence of the more fundamental superfield Killing equation. Thirdly, general rigid supersymmetric theories on a curved spacetime are readily constructed in superspace by making use of the known off-shell supergravity-matter couplings and restricting them to the background chosen. It is the superspace techniques which make it possible to generate arbitra...
Fun with supersymmetric quantum mechanics
Freedman, B.; Cooper, F.
1984-04-01
The Hamiltonian and path integral approaches to supersymmetric quantum mechanics were reviewed. The related path integrals for the Witten Index and for stochastic processes were discussed and shown to be indications for supersymmetry breakdown. A system where in the superpotential W(x) has assymetrical values at + or - infinity was considered. Nonperturbative strategies for studying supersymmetry breakdown were described. These strategies are based on introducing a lattice and studying the behavior of the ground state energy as the lattice cutoff is removed.
New Supersymmetric Localizations from Topological Gravity
Bae, Jinbeom; Rey, Soo-Jong; Rosa, Dario
2015-01-01
Supersymmetric field theories can be studied exactly on suitable off-shell supergravity backgrounds. We show that in two dimensions such backgrounds are identifiable with BRST invariant backgrounds of topological gravity coupled to an abelian topological gauge multiplet. This latter background is required for the consistent coupling of the topological `matter' YM theory to topological gravity. We make use of this topological point of view to obtain, in a simple and straightforward way, a complete classification of localizing supersymmetric backgrounds in two dimensions. The BRST invariant topological backgrounds are parametrized by both Killing vectors and $S^1$-equivariant cohomology of the 2-dimensional world-sheet. We reconstruct completely the supergravity backgrounds from the topological data: some of the supergravity fields are twisted versions of the topological backgrounds, but others are "composite", i.e. they are non-linear functionals of them. We recover all the known localizing 2-dimensional backg...
Supersymmetric invariant theories
Esipova, S R; Radchenko, O V
2013-01-01
We study field models for which a quantum action (i.e. the action appearing in the generating functional of Green functions) is invariant under supersymmetric transformations. We derive the Ward identity which is direct consequence of this invariance. We consider a change of variables in functional integral connected with supersymmetric transformations when its parameter is replaced by a nilpotent functional of fields. Exact form of the corresponding Jacobian is found. We find restrictions on generators of supersymmetric transformations when a consistent quantum description of given field theories exists.
Supersymmetric invariant theories
Esipova, S. R.; Lavrov, P. M.; Radchenko, O. V.
2014-04-01
We study field models for which a quantum action (i.e. the action appearing in the generating functional of Green functions) is invariant under supersymmetric transformations. We derive the Ward identity which is a direct consequence of this invariance. We consider a change of variables in functional integral connected with supersymmetric transformations when its parameter is replaced by a nilpotent functional of fields. Exact form of the corresponding Jacobian is found. We find restrictions on generators of supersymmetric transformations when a consistent quantum description of given field theories exists.
Melamed-Katz, Arie
2009-01-01
The ATLAS detector, which was installed at one of the interaction points of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), has the capability to discover 'new physics' beyond the Standard Model (SM) already during its first year of operation. In this work an assessment of ATLAS capabilities regarding the detection of some 'new physics' signals is performed. In the course of this research all relevant SM background sources were produced. These sources were studied with several simulation tools and the results are compared. In the scope of these background studies, a verification procedure that relies on expected SM production rates was developed. This procedure is able to distinguish between new physics and a faked one originating in malfunctioning detector. Supersymmetry (SUSY) is one of the best candidates for the theory 'beyond the Standard Model'. It predicts the existence of new symmetry between bosons and fermions, and assumes a new fermion partner for each SM boson and a new boson partner for each SM fermion. A maj...
On supersymmetric Chern-Simons-type theories in five dimensions
Kuzenko, Sergei M
2014-01-01
We present a closed-form expression for the supersymmetric non-Abelian Chern-Simons action in conventional five-dimensional N=1 superspace. Our construction makes use of the superform formalism to generate supersymmetric invariants. Similar ideas are applied to construct supersymmetric actions for off-shell supermultiplets with an intrinsic central charge. In particular, the large tensor multiplet is described in superspace for the first time.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bagger, J.A.
1984-09-01
We begin to construct the most general supersymmetric Lagrangians in one, two and four dimensions. We find that the matter couplings have a natural interpretation in the language of the nonlinear sigma model.
Renormalization of supersymmetric theories
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Pierce, D.M.
1998-06-01
The author reviews the renormalization of the electroweak sector of the standard model. The derivation also applies to the minimal supersymmetric standard model. He discusses regularization, and the relation between the threshold corrections and the renormalization group equations. He considers the corrections to many precision observables, including M{sub W} and sin{sup 2}{theta}{sup eff}. He shows that global fits to the data exclude regions of supersymmetric model parameter space and lead to lower bounds on superpartner masses.
The holographic supersymmetric Casimir energy
Genolini, Pietro Benetti; Martelli, Dario; Sparks, James
2016-01-01
We consider a general class of asymptotically locally AdS_5 solutions of minimal gauged supergravity, that are dual to superconformal field theories on curved backgrounds S^1 x M_3 preserving two supercharges. We demonstrate that standard holographic renormalization corresponds to a scheme that breaks supersymmetry. We propose new boundary terms that restore supersymmetry, and show that for smooth solutions with topology S^1 x R^4 the improved on-shell action reproduces both the supersymmetric Casimir energy and the field theory BPS relation between charges.
Belich, H; Helayël-Neto, J A; Leal, F J L; Spalenza, W
2010-01-01
In this work, we present two possible venues to accomodate the $K_{F}$-type Lorentz-symmetry violating Electrodynamics in an $N=1$-supersymmetric framework. A chiral and a vector superfield are chosen to describe the background that signals Lorentz-symmetry breaking. In each case, the $\\ K_{\\mu \
Supersymmetric Wilson Loops and Super Non-Abelian Stokes Theorem
Karp, R L; Karp, Robert L.; Mansouri, Freydoon
2000-01-01
We generalize the standard product integral formalism to incorporateGrassmann valued matrices and show that the resulting supersymmetric productintegrals provide a natural framework for describing supersymmetric Wilsonlines and Wilson loops. We use this formalism to establish the supersymmetricversion of the non-Abelian Stokes Theorem.
Spectral properties in supersymmetric matrix models
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Boulton, Lyonell, E-mail: L.Boulton@hw.ac.uk [Department of Mathematics and Maxwell Institute for Mathematical Sciences, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh EH14 4AS (United Kingdom); Garcia del Moral, Maria Pilar, E-mail: garciamormaria@uniovi.es [Departamento de Fisica, Universidad de Oviedo, Avda Calvo Sotelo 18, 33007 Oviedo (Spain); Restuccia, Alvaro, E-mail: arestu@usb.ve [Departamento de Fisica, Universidad Simon Bolivar, Apartado 89000, Caracas (Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of); Departamento de Fisica, Universidad de Oviedo, Avda Calvo Sotelo 18, 33007 Oviedo (Spain)
2012-03-21
We formulate a general sufficiency criterion for discreteness of the spectrum of both supersymmmetric and non-supersymmetric theories with a fermionic contribution. This criterion allows an analysis of Hamiltonians in complete form rather than just their semiclassical limits. In such a framework we examine spectral properties of various (1+0) matrix models. We consider the BMN model of M-theory compactified on a maximally supersymmetric pp-wave background, different regularizations of the supermembrane with central charges and a non-supersymmetric model comprising a bound state of N D2 with m D0. While the first two examples have a purely discrete spectrum, the latter has a continuous spectrum with a lower end given in terms of the monopole charge.
New dualities of supersymmetric gauge theories
2016-01-01
This book reviews a number of spectacular advances that have been made in the study of supersymmetric quantum field theories in the last few years. Highlights include exact calculations of Wilson loop expectation values, and highly nontrivial quantitative checks of the long-standing electric-magnetic duality conjectures. The book starts with an introductory article presenting a survey of recent advances, aimed at a wide audience with a background and interest in theoretical physics. The following articles are written for advanced students and researchers in quantum field theory, string theory and mathematical physics, our goal being to familiarize these readers with the forefront of current research. The topics covered include recent advances in the classification and vacuum structure of large families of N=2 supersymmetric field theories, followed by an extensive discussion of the localisation method, one of the most powerful tools for exact studies of supersymmetric field theories. The quantities that have ...
Supersymmetric classical cosmology
Escamilla-Rivera, Celia; Urena-Lopez, L Arturo
2010-01-01
In this work a supersymmetric cosmological model is analyzed in which we consider a general superfield action of a homogeneous scalar field supermultiplet interacting with the scale factor in a supersymmetric FRW model. There appear fermionic superpartners associated with both the scale factor and the scalar field, and classical equations of motion are obtained from the super-Wheeler-DeWitt equation through the usual WKB method. The resulting supersymmetric Einstein-Klein-Gordon equations contain extra radiation and stiff matter terms, and we study their solutions in flat space for different scalar field potentials. The solutions are compared to the standard case, in particular those corresponding to the exponential potential, and their implications for the dynamics of the early Universe are discussed in turn.
Supersymmetric Optical Structures
Miri, Mohammad-Ali; El-Ganainy, Ramy; Christodoulides, Demetrios N
2013-01-01
We show that supersymmetry can provide a versatile platform in synthesizing a new class of optical structures with desired properties and functionalities. By exploiting the intimate relationship between superpatners, one can systematically construct index potentials capable of exhibiting the same scattering and guided wave characteristics. In particular, in the Helmholtz regime, we demonstrate that one-dimensional supersymmetric pairs display identical reflectivities and transmittivities for any angle of incidence. Optical SUSY is then extended to two-dimensional systems where a link between specific azimuthal mode subsets is established. Finally we explore supersymmetric photonic lattices where discreteness can be utilized to design lossless integrated mode filtering arrangements.
Koehn, Michael
2015-01-01
In supersymmetric theories, topological defects can have nontrivial behaviors determined purely by whether or not supersymmetry is restored in the defect core. A well-known example of this is that some supersymmetric cosmic strings are automatically superconducting, leading to important cosmological effects and constraints. We investigate the impact of nontrivial kinetic interactions, present in a number of particle physics models of interest in cosmology, on the relationship between supersymmetry and supercurrents on strings. We find that in some cases it is possible for superconductivity to be disrupted by the extra interactions.
Superconformal Algebras and Supersymmetric Integrable Flows
Sachse, Christoph; Devchand, Chandrasekhar
2009-01-01
After a comprehensive review of superconformal algebras, super-diffeomorphisms and supervector fields on supercircles S^{1|n} we study various supersymmetric extensions of the KdV and Camassa-Holm equations. We describe their (super) Hamiltonian structures and their connection to bihamiltonian geometry. These are interpreted as geodesic flows on various superconformal groups. We also give an example of superintegrable systems of Ramond type. The one-parameter family of equations shown by Degasperis, Holm and Hone (DHH) to possess multi-peakon solutions is identified as a geodesic flow equation on a one-parameter deformation of the group of diffeomorphisms of the circle, with respect to a right-invariant Sobolev H^1--metric. A supersymmetrisation of the algebra of deformed vector fields on S^1 yields supersymmetric DHH equations (also known as b-field equations), which include the supersymmetric Camassa--Holm equation as a special case.
Supersymmetric Quantum Mechanics and Super-Lichnerowicz Algebras
Hallowell, K; 10.1007/s00220-007-0393-1
2008-01-01
We present supersymmetric, curved space, quantum mechanical models based on deformations of a parabolic subalgebra of osp(2p+2|Q). The dynamics are governed by a spinning particle action whose internal coordinates are Lorentz vectors labeled by the fundamental representation of osp(2p|Q). The states of the theory are tensors or spinor-tensors on the curved background while conserved charges correspond to the various differential geometry operators acting on these. The Hamiltonian generalizes Lichnerowicz's wave/Laplace operator. It is central, and the models are supersymmetric whenever the background is a symmetric space, although there is an osp(2p|Q) superalgebra for any curved background. The lowest purely bosonic example (2p,Q)=(2,0) corresponds to a deformed Jacobi group and describes Lichnerowicz's original algebra of constant curvature, differential geometric operators acting on symmetric tensors. The case (2p,Q)=(0,1) is simply the {\\cal N}=1 superparticle whose supercharge amounts to the Dirac operat...
A Maximally Supersymmetric Kondo Model
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Harrison, Sarah; Kachru, Shamit; Torroba, Gonzalo; /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /SLAC
2012-02-17
We study the maximally supersymmetric Kondo model obtained by adding a fermionic impurity to N = 4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory. While the original Kondo problem describes a defect interacting with a free Fermi liquid of itinerant electrons, here the ambient theory is an interacting CFT, and this introduces qualitatively new features into the system. The model arises in string theory by considering the intersection of a stack of M D5-branes with a stack of N D3-branes, at a point in the D3 worldvolume. We analyze the theory holographically, and propose a dictionary between the Kondo problem and antisymmetric Wilson loops in N = 4 SYM. We perform an explicit calculation of the D5 fluctuations in the D3 geometry and determine the spectrum of defect operators. This establishes the stability of the Kondo fixed point together with its basic thermodynamic properties. Known supergravity solutions for Wilson loops allow us to go beyond the probe approximation: the D5s disappear and are replaced by three-form flux piercing a new topologically non-trivial S3 in the corrected geometry. This describes the Kondo model in terms of a geometric transition. A dual matrix model reflects the basic properties of the corrected gravity solution in its eigenvalue distribution.
Electric dipole moments in supersymmetric theories
Romanino, Andrea
1996-01-01
Intrinsic EDMs in microscopic systems at a level of sensitivity achievable in experiments under way or foreseen are predicted in supersymmetric unified theories. I describe this and other sources of measurable EDMs and I show how these sources can be distinguished through experiments in different systems.
Supersymmetric P(X,phi) and the Ghost Condensate
Khoury, Justin; Ovrut, Burt
2010-01-01
We show how to construct supersymmetric actions for higher-derivative scalar field theories of the form P(X,phi), within the context of d=4, N=1 supersymmetry. This construction is of general use, and is applied to write a supersymmetric version of the Dirac-Born-Infeld action. Our principal application of this formalism is to construct the supersymmetric extension of the ghost condensate. This allows us to study the interplay between supersymmetry, time-dependent backgrounds and violations of the null energy condition.
N=1 Supersymmetric Boundary Bootstrap
Toth, G Z
2004-01-01
We investigate the boundary bootstrap programme for finding exact reflection matrices of integrable boundary quantum field theories with N=1 boundary supersymmetry. The bulk S-matrix and the reflection matrix are assumed to take the form S=S_1S_0, R=R_1R_0, where S_0 and R_0 are the S-matrix and reflection matrix of some integrable non-supersymmetric boundary theory that is assumed to be known, and S_1 and R_1 describe the mixing of supersymmetric indices. Under the assumption that the bulk particles transform in the kink and boson/fermion representations and the ground state is a singlet we present rules by which the supersymmetry representations and reflection factors for excited boundary bound states can be determined. We apply these rules to the boundary sine-Gordon model, to the boundary a_2^(1) and a_4^(1) affine Toda field theories, to the boundary sinh-Gordon model and to the free particle.
Gukov, S G
1997-01-01
The evidently supersymmetric four-dimensional Wess-Zumino model with quenched disorder is considered at the one-loop level. The infrared fixed points of a beta-function form the moduli space $M = RP^2$ where two types of phases were found: with and without replica symmetry. While the former phase possesses only a trivial fixed point, this point become unstable in the latter phase which may be interpreted as a spin glass phase.
Decoupling of supersymmetric particles
Dobado, A; Peñaranda, S
1999-01-01
The possibility of a heavy supersymmetric spectrum at the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model is considered and the decoupling from the low energy electroweak scale is analyzed in detail. The formal proof of decoupling of supersymmetric particles from low energy physics is stated in terms of the effective action for the particles of the Standard Model that results by integrating out all the sparticles in the limit where their masses are larger than the electroweak scale. The computation of the effective action for the standard electroweak gauge bosons W^{+-}, Z and \\gamma is performed by integrating out all the squarks, sleptons, charginos and neutralinos to one-loop. The Higgs sector is not considered in this paper. The large sparticle masses limit is also analyzed in detail. Explicit analytical formulae for the two-point functions of the electroweak gauge bosons to be valid in that limit are presented. Finally, the decoupling of sparticles in the S, T and U parameters is studied analitically. A discussion...
Harnik, R
2004-01-01
Supersymmetric models have traditionally been assumed to be perturbative up to high scales due to the requirement of calculable unification. In this note I review the recently proposed `Fat Higgs' model which relaxes the requirement of perturbativity. In this framework, an NMSSM-like trilinear coupling becomes strong at some intermediate scale. The NMSSM Higgses are meson composites of an asymptotically-free gauge theory. This allows us to raise the mass of the Higgs, thus alleviating the MSSM of its fine tuning problem. Despite the strong coupling at an intermediate scale, the UV completion allows us to maintain gauge coupling unification.
Generalized Supersymmetric Perturbation Theory
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
B. G(o)n(ǖ)l
2004-01-01
@@ Using the basic ingredient of supersymmetry, a simple alternative approach is developed to perturbation theory in one-dimensional non-relativistic quantum mechanics. The formulae for the energy shifts and wavefunctions do not involve tedious calculations which appear in the available perturbation theories. The model applicable in the same form to both the ground state and excited bound states, unlike the recently introduced supersymmetric perturbation technique which, together with other approaches based on logarithmic perturbation theory, are involved within the more general framework of the present formalism.
Supersymmetric Electroweak Baryogenesis
Rius, N; Rius, Nuria; Sanz, Veronica
2000-01-01
We calculate the baryon asymmetry generated at the electroweak phase transition in the minimal supersymmetric standard model, using a new method to compute the CP-violating asymmetry in the Higgsino flux reflected into the unbroken phase. The method is based on a Higgs insertion expansion. We find that the CP asymmetry at leading order is proportional to the change in $\\tan next-to-leading order this suppression factor disappears. These results explain previous discrepancies among different calculations, and may enhance the final baryon asymmetry generated during the electroweak phase transition.
Perturbative stability along the supersymmetric directions of the landscape
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Sousa, Kepa [Department of Theoretical Physics and History of Science, University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU, 48080 Bilbao (Spain); Ortiz, Pablo, E-mail: kepa.sousa@ehu.es, E-mail: ortiz@lorentz.leidenuniv.nl [Instituut-Lorentz for Theoretical Physics, Universiteit Leiden, Niels Bohrweg 2, 2333 CA Leiden (Netherlands)
2015-02-01
We consider the perturbative stability of non-supersymmetric configurations in N=1 supergravity models with a spectator sector not involved in supersymmetry breaking. Motivated by the supergravity description of complex structure moduli in Large Volume Compactifications of type IIB-superstrings, we concentrate on models where the interactions are consistent with the supersymmetric truncation of the spectator fields, and we describe their couplings by a random ensemble of generic supergravity theories. We characterise the mass spectrum of the spectator fields in terms of the statistical parameters of the ensemble and the geometry of the scalar manifold. Our results show that the non-generic couplings between the spectator and the supersymmetry breaking sectors can stabilise all the tachyons which typically appear in the spectator sector before including the supersymmetry breaking effects, and we find large regions of the parameter space where the supersymmetric sector remains stable with probability close to one. We discuss these results about the stability of the supersymmetric sector in two physically relevant situations: non-supersymmetric Minkowski vacua, and slow-roll inflation driven by the supersymmetry breaking sector. For the class of models we consider, we have reproduced the regimes in which the KKLT and Large Volume Scenarios stabilise all supersymmetric moduli. We have also identified a new regime in which the supersymmetric sector is stabilised at a very robust type of dS minimum without invoking a large mass hierarchy.
Prolongation structures for supersymmetric equations
Roelofs, G.H.M.; Hijligenberg, van den N.W.
1990-01-01
The well known prolongation technique of Wahlquist and Estabrook (1975) for nonlinear evolution equations is generalized for supersymmetric equations and applied to the supersymmetric extension of the KdV equation of Manin-Radul. Using the theory of Kac-Moody Lie superalgebras, the explicit form of
The gravity dual of supersymmetric gauge theories on a squashed three-sphere
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Martelli, Dario [Department of Mathematics, King' s College, London, The Strand, London WC2R 2LS (United Kingdom); Passias, Achilleas, E-mail: achilleas.passias@kcl.ac.uk [Department of Mathematics, King' s College, London, The Strand, London WC2R 2LS (United Kingdom); Sparks, James [Mathematical Institute, University of Oxford, 24-29 St Giles' , Oxford OX1 3LB (United Kingdom)
2012-11-21
We present the gravity dual to a class of three-dimensional N=2 supersymmetric gauge theories on a U(1) Multiplication-Sign U(1)-invariant squashed three-sphere, with a non-trivial background gauge field. This is described by a supersymmetric solution of four-dimensional N=2 gauged supergravity with a non-trivial instanton for the graviphoton field. The particular gauge theory in turn determines the lift to a solution of eleven-dimensional supergravity. We compute the partition function for a class of Chern-Simons quiver gauge theories on both sides of the duality, in the large N limit, finding precise agreement for the functional dependence on the squashing parameter. This constitutes an exact check of the gauge/gravity correspondence in a non-conformally invariant setting.
Small numbers in supersymmetric theories of nature
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Graesser, Michael Lawrence [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)
1999-05-01
The Standard Model of particle interactions is a successful theory for describing the interactions of quarks, leptons and gauge bosons at microscopic distance scales. Despite these successes, the theory contains many unsatisfactory features. The origin of particle masses is a central mystery that has eluded experimental elucidation. In the Standard Model the known particles obtain their mass from the condensate of the so-called Higgs particle. Quantum corrections to the Higgs mass require an unnatural fine tuning in the Higgs mass of one part in 10^{-32} to obtain the correct mass scale of electroweak physics. In addition, the origin of the vast hierarchy between the mass scales of the electroweak and quantum gravity physics is not explained in the current theory. Supersymmetric extensions to the Standard Model are not plagued by this fine tuning issue and may therefore be relevant in Nature. In the minimal supersymmetric Standard Model there is also a natural explanation for electroweak symmetry breaking. Supersymmetric Grand Unified Theories also correctly predict a parameter of the Standard Model. This provides non-trivial indirect evidence for these theories. The most general supersymmetric extension to the Standard Model however, is excluded by many physical processes, such as rare flavor changing processes, and the non-observation of the instability of the proton. These processes provide important information about the possible structure such a theory. In particular, certain parameters in this theory must be rather small. A physics explanation for why this is the case would be desirable. It is striking that the gauge couplings of the Standard Model unify if there is supersymmetry close to the weak scale. This suggests that at high energies Nature is described by a supersymmetric Grand Unified Theory. But the mass scale of unification must be introduced into the theory since it does not coincide with the probable mass scale of strong quantum gravity
The supersymmetric flavor problem
Dimopoulos, Savas K; Dimopoulos, Savas; Sutter, Dave
1995-01-01
The supersymmetric SU(3)\\times SU(2)\\times U(1) theory with minimal particle content and general soft supersymmetry breaking terms has 110 physical parameters in its flavor sector: 30 masses, 39 real mixing angles and 41 phases. The absence of an experimental indication for the plethora of new parameters places severe constraints on theories posessing Planck or GUT-mass particles and suggests that theories of flavor conflict with naturalness. We illustrate the problem by studying the processes \\mu \\rightarrow e + \\gamma and K^0 - \\bar{K}^0 mixing which are very sensitive probes of Planckian physics: a single Planck mass particle coupled to the electron or the muon with a Yukawa coupling comparable to the gauge coupling typically leads to a rate for \\mu \\rightarrow e + \\gamma exceeding the present experimental limits. A possible solution is that the messengers which transmit supersymmetry breaking to the ordinary particles are much lighter than M_{\\rm Planck}.
Supersymmetrizing Massive Gravity
Malaeb, Ola
2013-01-01
When four scalar fields with global Lorentz symmetry are coupled to gravity and take a vacuum expectation value breaking diffeomorphism invariance spontaneously, the graviton becomes massive. This model is supersymmetrized by considering four N=1 chiral superfields with global Lorentz symmetry. When the scalar components of the chiral multiplets z^A acquire a vacuum expectation value, both diffeomorphism invariance and local supersymmetry are broken spontaneously. The global Lorentz index A becomes identified with the space-time Lorentz index making the scalar fields z^A vectors and the chiral spinors \\psi^A spin-3/2 Rarita-Schwinger fields. The global supersymmetry is promoted to a local one using the rules of tensor calculus of coupling the N=1 supergravity Lagrangian to the four chiral multiplets. We show that the spectrum of the model in the broken phase consists of a massive spin-2 field, two massive spin-3/2 fields with different mass and a massive vector.
Supersymmetric mode converters
Heinrich, Matthias; Miri, Mohammad-Ali; Stützer, Simon; Nolte, Stefan; Szameit, Alexander; Christodoulides, Demetrios N.
2015-08-01
In recent years, the ever-increasing demand for high-capacity transmission systems has driven remarkable advances in technologies that encode information on an optical signal. Mode-division multiplexing makes use of individual modes supported by an optical waveguide as mutually orthogonal channels. The key requirement in this approach is the capability to selectively populate and extract specific modes. Optical supersymmetry (SUSY) has recently been proposed as a particularly elegant way to resolve this design challenge in a manner that is inherently scalable, and at the same time maintains compatibility with existing multiplexing strategies. Supersymmetric partners of multimode waveguides are characterized by the fact that they share all of their effective indices with the original waveguide. The crucial exception is the fundamental mode, which is absent from the spectrum of the partner waveguide. Here, we demonstrate experimentally how this global phase-matching property can be exploited for efficient mode conversion. Multimode structures and their superpartners are experimentally realized in coupled networks of femtosecond laser-written waveguides, and the corresponding light dynamics are directly observed by means of fluorescence microscopy. We show that SUSY transformations can readily facilitate the removal of the fundamental mode from multimode optical structures. In turn, hierarchical sequences of such SUSY partners naturally implement the conversion between modes of adjacent order. Our experiments illustrate just one of the many possibilities of how SUSY may serve as a building block for integrated mode-division multiplexing arrangements. Supersymmetric notions may enrich and expand integrated photonics by versatile optical components and desirable, yet previously unattainable, functionalities.
Supersymmetric branes on curved spaces and fluxes
Triendl, Hagen
2015-01-01
We discuss general supersymmetric brane configurations in flux backgrounds of string and M-theory and derive a necessary condition for the worldvolume theory to be supersymmetric on a given curved manifold. This condition resembles very much the conditions found from coupling a supersymmetric field theory to off-shell supergravity but can be derived in any dimension and for up to sixteen supercharges. Apart from the topological twist, all couplings appearing in the supersymmetry condition are linked to fluxes in the bulk. We explicitly derive the condition for D3-, M2- and M5-branes, in which case the results are also useful for constructing holographic duals to the corresponding field theories. In $N=1$ setups we compare the supersymmetry conditions to those that arise by coupling the field theory to off-shell supergravity. We find that the couplings of both old and new minimal supergravity are simultaneously realized, indicating that off-shell supergravity should be coupled via the S-multiplet of 16/16 supe...
Supersymmetric Quantum Mechanics and Topology
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Muhammad Abdul Wasay
2016-01-01
Full Text Available Supersymmetric quantum mechanical models are computed by the path integral approach. In the β→0 limit, the integrals localize to the zero modes. This allows us to perform the index computations exactly because of supersymmetric localization, and we will show how the geometry of target space enters the physics of sigma models resulting in the relationship between the supersymmetric model and the geometry of the target space in the form of topological invariants. Explicit computation details are given for the Euler characteristics of the target manifold and the index of Dirac operator for the model on a spin manifold.
Bound States Of Supersymmetric Black Holes
Britto-Pacumio, R A
2002-01-01
The quantum mechanics of N slowly-moving supersymmetric black holes in five dimensions is considered. A divergent continuum of states describing arbitrarily closely bound black holes with arbitrarily small excitation energies is found. A superconformal structure appears at low energies and can be used to define a topological index counting the weighted number of supersymmetric bound states. It is shown that the index is determined from the dimensions of certain cohomology classes on the symmetric product of N copies of R4. This bound state index is computed exactly for two and three black holes. The required regulator for the infrared continuum of near-coincident black holes is chosen in accord with the enhanced superconformal symmetry.
Supersymmetric quantum mechanics and paraquantization
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Morchedi, O.; Mebarki, N. [Laboratoire de Physique Mathematique et Subatomique, Mentouri University, Constantine (Algeria)
2012-06-27
The paraquantum Hamiltonian of a free particle is shown to be supersymmetric. Depending on the space-time dimension, the corresponding N=1 and N=2 supercharges are constructed and the related Hamiltonians are derived.
Neutral Supersymmetric Higgs Boson Searches
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Robinson, Stephen Luke [Imperial College, London (United Kingdom)
2008-07-01
In some Supersymmetric extensions of the Standard Model, including the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM), the coupling of Higgs bosons to b-quarks is enhanced. This enhancement makes the associated production of the Higgs with b-quarks an interesting search channel for the Higgs and Supersymmetry at D0. The identification of b-quarks, both online and offline, is essential to this search effort. This thesis describes the author's involvement in the development of both types of b-tagging and in the application of these techniques to the MSSM Higgs search. Work was carried out on the Level-3 trigger b-tagging algorithms. The impact parameter (IP) b-tagger was retuned and the effects of increased instantaneous luminosity on the tagger were studied. An extension of the IP-tagger to use the z-tracking information was developed. A new b-tagger using secondary vertices was developed and commissioned. A tool was developed to allow the use of large multi-run samples for trigger studies involving b-quarks. Offline, a neural network (NN) b-tagger was trained combining the existing offline lifetime based b-tagging tools. The efficiency and fake rate of the NN b-tagger were measured in data and MC. This b-tagger was internally reviewed and certified by the Collaboration and now provides the official b-tagging for all analyses using the Run IIa dataset at D0. A search was performed for neutral MSSM Higgs bosons decaying to a b{bar b} pair and produced in association with one or more b-quarks. Limits are set on the cross-section times the branching ratio for such a process. The limits were interpreted in various MSSM scenarios. This analysis uses the NN b-tagger and was the first to use this tool. The analysis also relies on triggers using the Level-3 IP b-tagging tool described previously. A likelihood discriminant was used to improve the analysis and a neural network was developed to cross-check this technique. The result of the analysis has been submitted to PRL
Supersymmetric quantum mechanics with reflections
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Post, Sarah; Vinet, Luc [Centre de Recherches Mathematiques, Universite de Montreal, Montreal CP6128 (QC) H3C 3J7 (Canada); Zhedanov, Alexei, E-mail: post@crm.umontreal.ca, E-mail: luc.vinet@umontreal.ca, E-mail: zhedanov@fti.dn.ua [Donetsk Institute for Physics and Technology, Donetsk 83114 (Ukraine)
2011-10-28
We consider a realization of supersymmetric quantum mechanics where supercharges are differential-difference operators with reflections. A supersymmetric system with an extended Scarf I potential is presented and analyzed. Its eigenfunctions are given in terms of little -1 Jacobi polynomials which obey an eigenvalue equation of Dunkl type and arise as a q {yields} -1 limit of the little q-Jacobi polynomials. Intertwining operators connecting the wavefunctions of extended Scarf I potentials with different parameters are presented. (paper)
The Supersymmetric Standard Model
Fayet, Pierre
2016-10-01
The Standard Model may be included within a supersymmetric theory, postulating new sparticles that differ by half-a-unit of spin from their standard model partners, and by a new quantum number called R-parity. The lightest one, usually a neutralino, is expected to be stable and a possible candidate for dark matter. The electroweak breaking requires two doublets, leading to several charged and neutral Brout-Englert-Higgs bosons. This also leads to gauge/Higgs unification by providing extra spin-0 partners for the spin-1 W± and Z. It offers the possibility to view, up to a mixing angle, the new 125 GeV boson as the spin-0 partner of the Z under two supersymmetry transformations, i.e. as a Z that would be deprived of its spin. Supersymmetry then relates two existing particles of different spins, in spite of their different gauge symmetry properties, through supersymmetry transformations acting on physical fields in a non-polynomial way. We also discuss how the compactification of extra dimensions, relying on R-parity and other discrete symmetries, may determine both the supersymmetrybreaking and grand-unification scales.
The Supersymmetric Standard Model
Fayet, Pierre
2016-01-01
The Standard Model may be included within a supersymmetric theory, postulating new sparticles that differ by half-a-unit of spin from their standard model partners, and by a new quantum number called R-parity. The lightest one, usually a neutralino, is expected to be stable and a possible candidate for dark matter. The electroweak breaking requires two doublets, leading to several charged and neutral Brout- Englert-Higgs bosons. This also leads to gauge/Higgs unification by providing extra spin-0 partners for the spin-1 W$^\\pm$ and Z. It offers the possibility to view, up to a mixing angle, the new 125 GeV boson as the spin-0 partner of the Z under two supersymmetry transformations, i.e. as a Z that would be deprived of its spin. Supersymmetry then relates two existing particles of different spins, in spite of their different gauge symmetry properties, through supersymmetry transformations acting on physical fields in a non-polynomial way. We also discuss how the compactification of extra dimensions, relying ...
Fu, Wenbo; Maldacena, Juan; Sachdev, Subir
2016-01-01
We discuss a supersymmetric generalization of the Sachdev-Ye-Kitaev model. These are quantum mechanical models involving $N$ Majorana fermions. The supercharge is given by a polynomial expression in terms of the Majorana fermions with random coefficients. The Hamiltonian is the square of the supercharge. The ${\\cal N}=1$ model with a single supercharge has unbroken supersymmetry at large $N$, but non-perturbatively spontaneously broken supersymmetry in the exact theory. We analyze the model by looking at the large $N$ equation, and also by performing numerical computations for small values of $N$. We also compute the large $N$ spectrum of "singlet" operators, where we find a structure qualitatively similar to the ordinary SYK model. We also discuss an ${\\cal N}=2$ version. In this case, the model preserves supersymmetry in the exact theory and we can compute a suitably weighted Witten index to count the number of ground states, which agrees with the large $N$ computation of the entropy. In both cases, we disc...
Quantum Supersymmetric Bianchi IX Cosmology
Damour, Thibault
2014-01-01
We study the quantum dynamics of a supersymmetric squashed three-sphere by dimensionally reducing to one timelike dimension the action of D=4 simple supergravity for a Bianchi IX cosmological model. After imposition of the diffeomorphism constraints, the wave function of the Universe becomes a spinor of Spin(8,4) depending on the three squashing parameters, which satisfies Dirac, and Klein-Gordon-like, wave equations describing the propagation of a quantum spinning particle reflecting off spin-dependent potential walls. The algebra of the susy constraints and of the Hamiltonian one is found to close. One finds that the quantum Hamiltonian is built from operators that generate a 64-dimensional representation of the maximally compact sub-algebra of the rank-3 hyperbolic Kac-Moody algebra AE3. The (quartic-in-fermions) squared-mass term entering the Klein-Gordon-like equation has several remarkable properties: 1)it commutes with all the other (Kac-Moody-related) building blocks of the Hamiltonian; 2)it is a quad...
Supersymmetric Casimir Energy and $SL(3,\\mathbb{Z})$ Transformations
Brünner, Frederic; Spiridonov, Vyacheslav P
2016-01-01
We provide a recipe to extract the supersymmetric Casimir energy of theories defined on primary Hopf surfaces directly from the superconformal index. It involves an $SL(3,\\mathbb{Z})$ transformation acting on the complex structure moduli of the background geometry. In particular, the known relation between Casimir energy, index and partition function emerges naturally from this framework, allowing rewriting of the latter as a modified elliptic hypergeometric integral. We show this explicitly for $\\mathcal{N}=1$ SQCD and $\\mathcal{N}=4$ supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory for all classical gauge groups, and conjecture that it holds more generally.
Supersymmetric vacua in random supergravity
Bachlechner, Thomas C.; Marsh, David; McAllister, Liam; Wrase, Timm
2013-01-01
We determine the spectrum of scalar masses in a supersymmetric vacuum of a general mathcal{N}=1 supergravity theory, with the Kähler potential and superpotential taken to be random functions of N complex scalar fields. We derive a random matrix model for the Hessian matrix and compute the eigenvalue spectrum. Tachyons consistent with the Breitenlohner-Freedman bound are generically present, and although these tachyons cannot destabilize the supersymmetric vacuum, they do influence the likelihood of the existence of an `uplift' to a metastable vacuum with positive cosmological constant. We show that the probability that a supersymmetric AdS vacuum has no tachyons is formally equivalent to the probability of a large fluctuation of the smallest eigenvalue of a certain real Wishart matrix. For normally-distributed matrix entries and any N, this probability is given exactly by P=exp left( {{{{-2{N^2}{{{left| W right|}}^2}}} left/ {{m_{susy}^2}} right.}} right) , with W denoting the superpotential and m susy the supersymmetric mass scale; for more general distributions of the entries, our result is accurate when N ≫ 1. We conclude that for left| W right|gtrsim {{{{m_{susy}}}} left/ {N} right.} , tachyonic instabilities are ubiquitous in configurations obtained by uplifting supersymmetric vacua.
D-brane Solitons in Supersymmetric Sigma-Models
Gauntlett, J P; Tong, D; Townsend, P K; Gauntlett, Jerome P.; Portugues, Rubén; Tong, David; Townsend, Paul K.
2001-01-01
Massive D=4 N=2 supersymmetric sigma models typically admit domain wall (Q-kink) solutions and string (Q-lump) solutions, both preserving 1/2 supersymmetry. We exhibit a new static 1/4 supersymmetric `kink-lump' solution in which a string ends on a wall, and show that it has an effective realization as a BIon of the D=4 super DBI-action. It is also shown to have a time-dependent Q-kink-lump generalization which reduces to the Q-lump in a limit corresponding to infinite BI magnetic field. All these 1/4 supersymmetric sigma-model solitons are shown to be realized in M-theory as calibrated, or `Q-calibrated', M5-branes in an M-monopole background.
A new supersymmetric classical Boussinesq equation
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Zhang Meng-Xia; Liu Qing-Ping; Wang Juan; Wu Ke
2008-01-01
In this paper,we obtain a supersymmetric generalization for the classical Boussinesq equation.We show that the supersymmetric equation system passes the Painlevé test and we also calculate its one- and two-soliton solutions.
Supersymmetric q-deformed quantum mechanics
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Traikia, M. H.; Mebarki, N. [Laboratoire de Physique Mathematique et Subatomique, Mentouri University, Constantine (Algeria)
2012-06-27
A supersymmetric q-deformed quantum mechanics is studied in the weak deformation approximation of the Weyl-Heisenberg algebra. The corresponding supersymmetric q-deformed hamiltonians and charges are constructed explicitly.
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Z Zhang
2007-12-01
Two supersymmetrical (SUSY) dark matter scenarios are discussed to illustrate how challenging it is to detect and trigger these events out of standard model background events at a future international linear collider (ILC).
n = 4 supersymmetric FRW model
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Rosales, J.J.; Pashnev, A. [Bogoliubov Laboratory of Theoretical Physics, JINR, Dubna, 141980 (Russian Federation); Tkach, V.I. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidad de Guanajuato, 05315-970 Leon, 66318 Guanajuato (Mexico)]. e-mail: juan@ifug3.ugto.mx, pashnev@thsun1.jinr.ru, vladimir@ifug3.ugto.mx
2003-07-01
In this work we have constructed the n = 4 extended local conformal time supersymmetry for the Friedmann-Robertson-Walker cosmological models. This is based on the superfield construction of the action, which is invariant under world line local n = 4 supersymmetry with SU(2){sub local} X SU(2){sub global} internal subgroup. It is shown that the supersymmetric action has the form of the localized (or superconformal) version of the action for n = 4 supersymmetric quantum mechanics. This superfield procedure provides a well defined scheme for including super matter. (Author)
Bilinear approach to the supersymmetric Gardner equation
Babalic, C. N.; Carstea, A. S.
2016-08-01
We study a supersymmetric version of the Gardner equation (both focusing and defocusing) using the superbilinear formalism. This equation is new and cannot be obtained from the supersymmetric modified Korteweg-de Vries equation with a nonzero boundary condition. We construct supersymmetric solitons and then by passing to the long-wave limit in the focusing case obtain rational nonsingular solutions. We also discuss the supersymmetric version of the defocusing equation and the dynamics of its solutions.
Non-supersymmetric Asymmetric Orbifolds with Vanishing Cosmological Constant
Satoh, Yuji; Wada, Taiki
2015-01-01
We study type II string vacua defined by torus compactifications accompanied by T-duality twists. We realize the string vacua, specifically, by means of the asymmetric orbifolding associated to the chiral reflections combined with a shift, which are interpreted as describing the compactification on `T-folds'. We discuss possible consistent actions of the chiral reflection on the Ramond-sector of the world-sheet fermions, and explicitly construct non-supersymmetric as well as supersymmetric vacua. Above all, we demonstrate a simple realization of non-supersymmetric vacua with vanishing cosmological constant at one loop. Our orbifold group is generated only by a single element, which results in simpler models than those with such property known previously.
Non-supersymmetric asymmetric orbifolds with vanishing cosmological constant
Satoh, Yuji; Sugawara, Yuji; Wada, Taiki
2016-02-01
We study type II string vacua defined by torus compactifications accompanied by T-duality twists. We realize the string vacua, specifically, by means of the asymmetric orbifolding associated to the chiral reflections combined with a shift, which are interpreted as describing the compactification on `T-folds'. We discuss possible consistent actions of the chiral reflection on the Ramond-sector of the world-sheet fermions, and explicitly construct non-supersymmetric as well as supersymmetric vacua. Above all, we demonstrate a simple realization of non-supersymmetric vacua with vanishing cosmological constant at one loop. Our orbifold group is generated only by a single element, which results in simpler models than those with such property known previously.
Consistent supersymmetric decoupling in cosmology
Sousa Sánchez, Kepa
2012-01-01
The present work discusses several problems related to the stability of ground states with broken supersymmetry in supergravity, and to the existence and stability of cosmic strings in various supersymmetric models. In particular we study the necessary conditions to truncate consistently a sector o
Supersymmetric Vacua in Random Supergravity
Bachlechner, Thomas C; McAllister, Liam; Wrase, Timm
2012-01-01
We determine the spectrum of scalar masses in a supersymmetric vacuum of a general N=1 supergravity theory, with the Kahler potential and superpotential taken to be random functions of N complex scalar fields. We derive a random matrix model for the Hessian matrix and compute the eigenvalue spectrum. Tachyons consistent with the Breitenlohner-Freedman bound are generically present, and although these tachyons cannot destabilize the supersymmetric vacuum, they do influence the likelihood of the existence of an `uplift' to a metastable vacuum with positive cosmological constant. We show that the probability that a supersymmetric AdS vacuum has no tachyons is formally equivalent to the probability of a large fluctuation of the smallest eigenvalue of a certain real Wishart matrix. For normally-distributed matrix entries and any N, this probability is given exactly by P = exp(-2N^2|W|^2/m_{susy}^2), with W denoting the superpotential and m_{susy} the supersymmetric mass scale; for more general distributions of the...
Introduction to Supersymmetric Gauge Theories
Piguet, O
1997-01-01
In these lectures I present a basic introduction to supersymmetry, especially to N=1 supersymmetric gauge theories and their renormalization, in the Wess-Zumino gauge. I also discuss the various ways supersymmetry may be broken in order to account for the lack of exact supersymmetry in the actual world of elementary particles.
Supersymmetric classical mechanics: free case
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Rodrigues, R. de Lima [Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas (CBPF), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)]|[Paraiba Univ., Cajazeiras, PB (Brazil). Dept. de Ciencias Exatas e da Natureza]. E-mail: rafael@cfp.ufpb.br; Almeida, W. Pires de [Paraiba Univ., Cajazeiras, PB (Brazil). Dept. de Ciencias Exatas e da Natureza; Fonseca Neto, I. [Paraiba Univ., Campina Grande, PB (Brazil). Dept. de Fisica
2001-06-01
We present a review work on Supersymmetric Classical Mechanics in the context of a Lagrangian formalism, with N = 1-supersymmetry. We show that the N = 1 supersymmetry does not allow the introduction of a potencial energy term depending on a single commuting supercoordinate, {phi}(t;{theta}). (author)
Generalized geometry lectures on type II backgrounds
Tsimpis, Dimitrios
2016-01-01
The first part of these notes is a self-contained introduction to generalized complex geometry. It is intended as a `user manual' for tools used in the study of supersymmetric backgrounds of supergravity. In the second part we review some past and recent results on the generalized complex structure of supersymmetric type II vacua in various dimensions.
Gravitational Quantum Foam and Supersymmetric Gauge Theories
Maeda, T; Noma, Y; Tamakoshi, T; Maeda, Takashi; Nakatsu, Toshio; Noma, Yui; Tamakoshi, Takeshi
2005-01-01
We study K\\"{a}hler gravity on local SU(N) geometry and describe precise correspondence with certain supersymmetric gauge theories and random plane partitions. The local geometry is discretized, via the geometric quantization, to a foam of an infinite number of gravitational quanta. We count these quanta in a relative manner by measuring a deviation of the local geometry from a singular Calabi-Yau threefold, that is a A_{N-1} singularity fibred over \\mathbb{P}^1. With such a regularization prescription, the number of the gravitational quanta becomes finite and turns to be the perturbative prepotential for five-dimensional \\mathcal{N}=1 supersymmetric SU(N) Yang-Mills. These quanta are labelled by lattice points in a certain convex polyhedron on \\mathbb{R}^3. The polyhedron becomes obtainable from a plane partition which is the ground state of a statistical model of random plane partition that describes the exact partition function for the gauge theory. Each gravitational quantum of the local geometry is shown...
From Scalar Field Theories to Supersymmetric Quantum Mechanics
Bazeia, D
2016-01-01
In this work we report a new result that appears when one investigates the route that starts from a scalar field theory and ends on a supersymmetric quantum mechanics. The subject has been studied before in several distinct ways and here we unveil an interesting novelty, showing that the same scalar field model may describe distinct quantum mechanical problems.
A Search for Neutral Supersymmetric Higgs Bosons at DØ
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Osman, Nicolas Ahmed [Imperial College, London (United Kingdom)
2010-09-01
A search for Higgs bosons in multijet data from the DØ detector is reported in this thesis. The Higgs boson is the only remaining undiscovered particle in the Standard Model of particle physics, and plays an integral role in this model. It is known that this model is not a complete description of fundamental physics (it does not describe gravity, for example), and so searches for physics beyond the Standard Model are an important part of particle physics. One extension of the Standard Model, the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM), predicts the existence of five Higgs bosons, two of which can show an enhanced coupling to bottom quarks. For this reason, a search in the bbb (multijet) channel is a sensitive test of Higgs boson physics. The analysis described in this thesis was conducted over 6.6 fb^{-1} of data. At the time of writing, the best limits on tan β (a key parameter of the MSSM) in the multijet channel were set by DØ. The new analysis described in this thesis included more data than the previous analysis in the channel, and made use of a new trigger and event-based analysis method. An improved Multivariate Analysis technique was used to separate signal and background events and produce a final discriminant for the limit setting process. These changes increased the expected sensitivity of this measurement by roughly 50% more than would be expected from the increase in the size of data sample alone.
Quantum supersymmetric Bianchi IX cosmology
Damour, Thibault; Spindel, Philippe
2014-11-01
We study the quantum dynamics of a supersymmetric squashed three-sphere by dimensionally reducing (to one timelike dimension) the action of D =4 simple supergravity for a S U (2 ) -homogeneous (Bianchi IX) cosmological model. The quantization of the homogeneous gravitino field leads to a 64-dimensional fermionic Hilbert space. After imposition of the diffeomorphism constraints, the wave function of the Universe becomes a 64-component spinor of spin(8,4) depending on the three squashing parameters, which satisfies Dirac-like, and Klein-Gordon-like, wave equations describing the propagation of a "quantum spinning particle" reflecting off spin-dependent potential walls. The algebra of the supersymmetry constraints and of the Hamiltonian one is found to close. One finds that the quantum Hamiltonian is built from operators that generate a 64-dimensional representation of the (infinite-dimensional) maximally compact subalgebra of the rank-3 hyperbolic Kac-Moody algebra A E3 . The (quartic-in-fermions) squared-mass term μ^ 2 entering the Klein-Gordon-like equation has several remarkable properties: (i) it commutes with all the other (Kac-Moody-related) building blocks of the Hamiltonian; (ii) it is a quadratic function of the fermion number NF; and (iii) it is negative in most of the Hilbert space. The latter property leads to a possible quantum avoidance of the singularity ("cosmological bounce"), and suggests imposing the boundary condition that the wave function of the Universe vanish when the volume of space tends to zero (a type of boundary condition which looks like a final-state condition when considering the big crunch inside a black hole). The space of solutions is a mixture of "discrete-spectrum states" (parametrized by a few constant parameters, and known in explicit form) and of continuous-spectrum states (parametrized by arbitrary functions entering some initial-value problem). The predominantly negative values of the squared-mass term lead to a "bottle
Tian, Kai; Liu, Q. P.
2012-07-01
A new N=1 supersymmetric Harry Dym equation is constructed by applying supersymmetric reciprocal transformation to a trivial supersymmetric Harry Dym equation, and its recursion operator and Lax formulation are also obtained. Within the framework of symmetry approach, a class of 3rd order supersymmetric equations of Harry Dym type are considered. In addition to five known integrable equations, a new supersymmetric equation, admitting 5th order generalized symmetry, is shown to be linearizable through supersymmetric reciprocal transformation. Furthermore, its Lax representation and recursion operator are given so that the integrability of this new equation is confirmed.
Alonso-Alberca, N; Ortín, Tomas
2000-01-01
We present warped metrics which solve Einstein equations with arbitrary cosmological constants in both in upper and lower dimensions. When the lower-dimensional metric is the maximally symmetric one compatible with the chosen value of the cosmological constant, the upper-dimensional metric is also the maximally symmetric one and there is maximal unbroken supersymmetry as well. We then introduce brane sources and find solutions with analogous properties, except for supersymmetry, which is generically broken in the orbifolding procedure (one half is preserved in two special cases), and analyze metric perturbations in these backgrounds
Searching for supersymmetric scalelessly
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Schlaffer, M. [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany); Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot (Israel). Dept. of Patricle Physics and Astrophysics; Spannowsky, M. [Durham Univ. (United Kingdom). Inst. for Particle Physics Phenomenology; Weiler, A. [Technische Univ. Muenchen, Garching (Germany). Physik Dept. T75
2016-03-15
In this paper we propose a scale invariant search strategy for hadronic top or bottom plus missing energy final states. We present a method which shows flat efficiencies and background rejection factors over broad ranges of parameters and masses. The resulting search can be easily recast into a limit on alternative models. We show the strength of the method in a natural SUSY setup where stop and sbottom squarks are pair produced and decay into hadronically decaying top quarks or bottom quarks and higgsinos.
Signals of Supersymmetric Dark Matter
Abbas, A
2000-01-01
The Lightest Supersymmetric Particle predicted in most of the supersymmetric scenarios is an ideal candidate for the dark matter of cosmology. Their detection is of extreme significance today. Recently there have been intriguing signals of a 59 Gev neutralino dark matter at DAMA in Gran Sasso. We look at other possible signatures of dark matter in astrophysical and geological frameworks. The passage of the earth through dense clumps of dark matter would produce large quantities of heat in the interior of this planet through the capture and subsequent annihilation of dark matter particles. This heat would lead to large-scale volcanism which could in turn have caused mass extinctions. The periodicity of such volcanic outbursts agrees with the frequency of palaeontological mass extinctions as well as the observed periodicity in the occurrence of the largest flood basalt provinces on the globe. Binary character of these extinctions is another unique aspect of this signature of dark matter. In addition dark matter...
Exploring the Supersymmetric $\\sigma$ Model
De Oliveira-Imbiriba, B C
1999-01-01
The purpose of this work is to present some basic concepts about the non-linear sigma model in a simple and direct way. We start with showing the bosonic model and the Wess-Zumino-Witten term, making some comments about its topological nature, and its association with the torsion. It is also shown that to cancel the quantum conformal anomaly the model should obey the Einstein equations. We provide a quick introduction about supersymmetry in chapter 2 to help the understanding the supersymmetric extension of the model. In the last chapter we present the supersymmetric model and its equations of motion. Finally we work-out the two-supersymmetry case, introducing the chiral as well as the twisted chiral fields, expliciting the very specific $SU(2)\\otimes U(1)$ case.
Supersymmetric Higgs Bosons and Beyond
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Carena, Marcela; /Fermilab /Chicago U., EFI; Kong, Kyoungchul; /Fermilab /SLAC; Ponton, Eduardo; /Columbia U.; Zurita, Jose; /Fermilab /Buenos Aires U.
2010-08-26
We consider supersymmetric models that include particles beyond the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM) with masses in the TeV range, and that couple significantly to the MSSM Higgs sector. We perform a model-independent analysis of the spectrum and couplings of the MSSM Higgs fields, based on an effective theory of the MSSM degrees of freedom. The tree-level mass of the lightest CP-even state can easily be above the LEP bound of 114 GeV, thus allowing for a relatively light spectrum of superpartners, restricted only by direct searches. The Higgs spectrum and couplings can be significantly modified compared to the MSSM ones, often allowing for interesting new decay modes. We also observe that the gluon fusion production cross section of the SM-like Higgs can be enhanced with respect to both the Standard Model and the MSSM.
Dynamics of Non-supersymmetric Flavours
Alam, M Sohaib; Kundu, Arnab; Kundu, Sandipan
2013-01-01
We continue investigating the effect of the back-reaction by non-supersymmetric probes in the Kuperstein-Sonnenschein model. In the limit when the back-reaction is small, we discuss physical properties of the back-reacted geometry. We further introduce additional probe flavours in this back-reacted geometry and study in detail the phase structure of this sector when a constant electromagnetic field or a chemical potential are present. We find that the Landau pole, which serves as the UV cut-off of the background geometry, also serves as an important scale in the corresponding thermodynamics of the additional flavour sector. We note that since this additional probe flavours are indistinguishable from the back-reacting flavours, the results we obtain point to a much richer phase structure of the system.
Stable Non-Supersymmetric Throats in String Theory
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kachru, Shamit; Simic, Dusan; /Stanford U., ITP /SLAC /Santa Barbara, KITP; Trivedi, Sandip P.; /Tata Inst. /Stanford U., ITP /SLAC
2011-06-28
We construct a large class of non-supersymmetric AdS-like throat geometries in string theory by taking non-supersymmetric orbifolds of supersymmetric backgrounds. The scale of SUSY breaking is the AdS radius, and the dual field theory has explicitly broken supersymmetry. The large hierarchy of energy scales in these geometries is stable. We establish this by showing that the dual gauge theories do not have any relevant operators which are singlets under the global symmetries. When the geometries are embedded in a compact internal space, a large enough discrete subgroup of the global symmetries can still survive to prevent any singlet relevant operators from arising. We illustrate this by embedding one case in a non-supersymmetric orbifold of a Calabi-Yau manifold. These examples can serve as a starting point for obtaining Randall-Sundrum models in string theory, and more generally for constructing composite Higgs or technicolor-like models where strongly coupled dynamics leads to the breaking of electro-weak symmetry. Towards the end of the paper, we briefly discuss how bulk gauge fields can be incorporated by introducing D7-branes in the bulk, and also show how the strongly coupled dynamics can lead to an emergent weakly coupled gauge theory in the IR with matter fields including scalars.
Fun with supersymmetric quantum mechanics
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Freedman, B.; Cooper, F.
1984-04-01
One reason for studying supersymmetric quantum mechanics is that there are a class of superpotentials W(x) which behave at large x as x/sup ..cap alpha../ for which we know from general arguments whether SUSY is broken or unbroken. Thus one can use these superpotentials to test various ideas about how to see if supersymmetry is broken in an arbitrary model. Recently, Witten proposed a topological invariant, the Witten index ..delta.. which counts the number of bosons minus the number of fermions having ground state energy zero. Since if supersymmetry is broken, the ground state energy cannot be zero, one expects if ..delta.. is not zero, SUSY is preserved and the theory is not a good candidate for a realistic model. In this study we evaluate ..delta.. for several examples, and show some unexpected peculiarities of the Witten index for certain choice of superpotentials W(x). We also discuss two other nonperturbative methods of studying supersymmetry breakdown. One involves relating supersymmetric quantum mechanics to a stochastic classical problem and the other involves considering a discrete (but not supersymmetric) version of the theory and studying its behavior as one removes the lattice cuttoff. In this survey we review the Hamiltonian and path integral approaches to supersymmetric quantum mechanics. We then discuss the related path integrals for the Witten Index and for stochastic processes and show how they are indications for supersymmetry breakdown. We then discuss a system where the superpotential W(x) has assymetrical values at +-infinity. We finally discuss nonperturbative strategies for studying supersymmetry breakdown based on introducing a lattice and studying the behavior of the ground state energy as the lattice cutoff is removed. 17 references.
Quantum integrability and supersymmetric vacua
Nekrasov, Nikita A.; Shatashvili, Samson L.
2009-01-01
This is an announcement of some of the results of a longer paper where the supersymmetric vacua of two dimensional N=2 susy gauge theories with matter are shown to be in one-to-one correspondence with the eigenstates of integrable spin chain Hamiltonians. The correspondence between the Heisenberg spin chain and the two dimensional U(N) theory with fundamental hypermultiplets is reviewed in detail. We demonstrate the isomorphism of the equivariant quantum cohomology of the cotangent bundle to ...
BERGSHOEFF, E
1994-01-01
We present plane-wave-type solutions to the superstring effective action which have unbroken space-time supersymmetries. They describe dilaton, axion and gauge fields in a generalization of the Brinkmann metric. A crucial property of the solutions is a conspiracy between the metric and the axion fie
The gravity dual of supersymmetric gauge theories on a biaxially squashed three-sphere
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Martelli, Dario, E-mail: dario.martelli@kcl.ac.uk [Department of Mathematics, King' s College, London, The Strand, London WC2R 2LS (United Kingdom); Sparks, James [Mathematical Institute, University of Oxford, 24-29 St Giles' , Oxford OX1 3LB (United Kingdom)
2013-01-01
We present the gravity dual to a class of three-dimensional N=2 supersymmetric gauge theories on a biaxially squashed three-sphere, with a non-trivial background gauge field. This is described by a 1/2 BPS Euclidean solution of four-dimensional N=2 gauged supergravity, consisting of a Taub-NUT-AdS metric with a non-trivial instanton for the graviphoton field. The holographic free energy of this solution agrees precisely with the large N limit of the free energy obtained from the localized partition function of a class of Chern-Simons quiver gauge theories. We also discuss a different supersymmetric solution, whose boundary is a biaxially squashed Lens space S{sup 3}/Z{sub 2} with a topologically non-trivial background gauge field. This metric is of Eguchi-Hanson-AdS type, although it is not Einstein, and has a single unit of gauge field flux through the S{sup 2} cycle.
Searches for electroweak production of supersymmetric gauginos and sleptons with the ATLAS detector
Grout, Zara Jane; The ATLAS collaboration
2017-01-01
Supersymmetry models with light electroweak sparticles are well motivated by naturalness and have less stringent exclusion limits on the supersymmetric particle masses than strong production. ATLAS searches for electroweak production of supersymmetric particles in a number of channels, which include multiple leptons and therefore benefit from lower numbers of background process events. Results are presented here for searches using $\\sqrt{s}=13$TeV ATLAS data collected in 2015 and the most recent findings are summarised.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
E. Ireson
2016-01-01
Full Text Available In this work we extend the results of previous derivations of Seiberg-like dualities (level-rank duality between gauged Wess–Zumino–Witten theories. The arguments in use to identify a potential dual for the supersymmetric WZW theory based on the coset U(N+MkU(Nk can be extended to be applied to a wider variety of gauge groups, notably USp(2N+2M2kUSp(2N2k and SO(2N+2M2kSO(2N2k, which will be dealt with briefly. Most interestingly, non-supersymmetric versions of the latter theories can also be shown to have duals in a similar fashion. These results are supported by several pieces of evidence, string phenomenological interpretations of Seiberg duality, even in non-supersymmetric backgrounds, are helpful to justify the formulation, then, from field theory, quantities such as central charges or Witten indices are shown to match exactly. The stability of these non-supersymmetric models is also discussed and shown to be consistent.
Lorentz violation in supersymmetric field theories.
Nibbelink, Stefan Groot; Pospelov, Maxim
2005-03-04
We construct supersymmetric Lorentz violating operators for matter and gauge fields. We show that in the supersymmetric standard model the lowest possible dimension for such operators is five, and therefore they are suppressed by at least one power of an ultraviolet energy scale, providing a possible explanation for the smallness of Lorentz violation and its stability against radiative corrections. Supersymmetric Lorentz noninvariant operators do not lead to modifications of dispersion relations at high energies thereby escaping constraints from astrophysical searches for Lorentz violation.
Supersymmetric theories on squashed five-sphere
Imamura, Yosuke
2012-01-01
We construct supersymmetric theories on the SU(3)xU(1) symmetric squashed five-sphere with 2, 4, 6, and 12 supercharges. We first determine the Killing equation by dimensional reduction from 6d, and use Noether procedure to construct actions. The supersymmetric Yang-Mills action is straightforwardly obtained from the supersymmetric Chern-Simons action by using a supersymmetry preserving constant vector multiplet.
An introduction to supersymmetric field theories in curved space
Dumitrescu, Thomas T
2016-01-01
In this review, we give a pedagogical introduction to a systematic framework for constructing and analyzing supersymmetric field theories on curved spacetime manifolds. The framework is based on the use of off-shell supergravity background fields. We present the general principles, which broadly apply to theories with different amounts of supersymmetry in diverse dimensions, as well as specific applications to N=1 theories in four dimensions and their three-dimensional cousins with N=2 supersymmetry.
Instanton Corrected Non-Supersymmetric Attractors
Dominic, Pramod
2010-01-01
We discuss non-supersymmetric attractors with an instanton correction in Type IIA string theory compactified on a Calabi-Yau three-fold at large volume. For a stable non-supersymmetric black hole, the attractor point must minimize the effective black hole potential. We study the supersymmetric as well as non-supersymmetric attractors for the D0-D4 system with instanton corrections. We show that in simple models, like the STU model, the flat directions of the mass matrix can be lifted by a suitable choice of the instanton parameters.
On timelike supersymmetric solutions of gauged minimal 5-dimensional supergravity
Chimento, Samuele
2016-01-01
We analyze the timelike supersymmetric solutions of minimal gauged 5-dimensional supergravity for the case in which the K\\"ahler base manifold admits a holomorphic isometry and depends on two real functions satisfying a simple second-order differential equation. Using this general form of the base space, the equations satisfied by the building blocks of the solutions become of, at most, fourth degree and can be solved by simple polynomic ansatzs. In this way we construct two 3-parameter families of solutions that contain almost all the timelike supersymmetric solutions of this theory with one angular momentum known so far and a few more: the (singular) supersymmetric Reissner-Nordstr\\"om-AdS solutions, the three exact supersymmetric solutions describing the three near-horizon geometries found by Gutowski and Reall, three 1-parameter asymptotically-AdS$_{5}$ black-hole solutions with those three near-horizon geometries (Gutowski and Reall's black hole being one of them), three generalizations of the G\\"odel un...
Geloun, Joseph Ben; Scholtz, Frederik G
2009-01-01
The N=1 supersymmetric invariant Landau problem is constructed and solved. By considering Landau level projections remaining non trivial under N=1 supersymmetry transformations, the algebraic structures of the N=1 supersymmetric covariant non(anti)commutative superplane analogue of the ordinary N=0 noncommutative Moyal-Voros plane are identified.
Supersymmetric Adler Functions and Holography
Iwanaga, Masaya; Sakai, Tadakatsu
2016-01-01
We perform several tests on a recent proposal by Shifman and Stepanyantz for an exact expression for the current correlation functions in supersymmetric gauge theories. We clarify the meaning of the relation in superconformal theories. In particular we show that it automatically follows from known relations between the current correlation functions and anomalies. It therefore also automatically matches between different dual realizations of the same superconformal theory. We use holographic examples as well as calculations in free theories to show that the proposed relation fails in theories with mass terms.
Electroweak breaking in supersymmetric models
Ibáñez, L E
1992-01-01
We discuss the mechanism for electroweak symmetry breaking in supersymmetric versions of the standard model. After briefly reviewing the possible sources of supersymmetry breaking, we show how the required pattern of symmetry breaking can automatically result from the structure of quantum corrections in the theory. We demonstrate that this radiative breaking mechanism works well for a heavy top quark and can be combined in unified versions of the theory with excellent predictions for the running couplings of the model. (To be published in ``Perspectives in Higgs Physics'', G. Kane editor.)
Supersymmetric photonic signals at LEP
López, J; Zichichi, Antonino
1996-01-01
We explore and contrast the single-photon and diphoton signals expected at LEP 2, that arise from neutralino-gravitino (e^+ e^- -> chi + gravitino -> gamma + E_miss) and neutralino-neutralino (e^+ e^- -> chi + chi -> gamma + gamma + E_miss) production in supersymmetric models with a light gravitino. LEP 1 limits imply that one may observe either one, but not both, of these signals at LEP 2, depending on the values of the neutralino and gravitino masses: single-photons for m_chi > Mz and m_gravitino < 3 x 10^-5 eV; diphotons for m_chi < Mz and all allowed values of m_gravitino.
Low-energy effective action in N = 2 supersymmetric field theories
Bukhbinder, E I; Bukhbinder, I L; Ivanov, E A; Kuzenko, S M
2001-01-01
Review of new approach to finding effective action in N = 2 and N = 4 supersymmetric theory is given. The approach is based on the formulation of these theories in terms of unconstrained superfields in harmonic superspace. Construction of superfield model of N = 2 supersymmetric field theory (hypermultiplet, N = 2 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory) is discussed. N = 2 background field method is considered. Perturbative holomorphic effective potential in N = 2 models and non-holomorphic effective potential in N = 4 Yang-Mills field theory, defining exact low-energy effective action in this theory, are studied. Possible applications of low-energy effective action in supersymmetric theories and some open problems are discussed. Comparison of given approach with others is performed
Supersymmetric R4-actions in ten dimensions
Roo, M. de; Suelmann, H.; Wiedemann, A.
1992-01-01
We construct supersymmetric R+R4-actions in ten dimensions. Two invariants, of which the bosonic parts are known from string amplitude and sigma model calculations, are obtained. One of these invariants can be generalized to an R+F2+F4-invariant for supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory coupled to superg
Supersymmetric features of Maxwell fisheye lens
Rosu, H C; Wolf, K B; Obregón, O; Rosu, Haret C; Reyes, M; Wolf, K B; Obregon, O
1995-01-01
Following L\\'evai, we apply a Natanzon-type supersymmetric analysis to the Maxwell fisheye wave problem at zero energy. Working in the so-called R_{0}=0 sector, we obtain the corresponding superpartner (fermionic) fisheye scattering potential within the standard one-dimensional (radial) supersymmetric procedure.
Supersymmetric Gödel Universes in string theory
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Harmark, Troels; Takayanagi, Tadashi
2003-01-01
Supersymmetric backgrounds in string and M-theory of the Gödel Universe type are studied. We find several new Gödel Universes that preserve up to 20 supersymmetries. In particular, we obtain an interesting Gödel Universe in M-theory with 18 supersymmetries which does not seem to be dual to a pp......-wave. We show that not only T-duality but also the type-IIA/M-theory S-duality can give supersymmetric Gödel Universes from pp-waves. We find solutions that can interpolate between Gödel Universes and pp-waves. We also compute the string spectrum on two type IIA Gödel Universes. Furthermore, we obtain...
Supersymmetric Gödel Universes in string theory
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Harmark, Troels; Takayanagi, Tadashi
2003-01-01
Supersymmetric backgrounds in string and M-theory of the Gödel Universe type are studied. We find several new Gödel Universes that preserve up to 20 supersymmetries. In particular, we obtain an interesting Gödel Universe in M-theory with 18 supersymmetries which does not seem to be dual to a pp......-wave. We show that not only T-duality but also the type-IIA/M-theory S-duality can give supersymmetric Gödel Universes from pp-waves. We find solutions that can interpolate between Gödel Universes and pp-waves. We also compute the string spectrum on two type IIA Gödel Universes. Furthermore, we obtain...
The goldstone and goldstino of supersymmetric inflation
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kahn, Yonatan; Roberts, Daniel A.; Thaler, Jesse [Center for Theoretical Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology,77 Massachusetts Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139 (United States)
2015-10-01
We construct the minimal effective field theory (EFT) of supersymmetric inflation, whose field content is a real scalar, the goldstone for time-translation breaking, and a Weyl fermion, the goldstino for supersymmetry (SUSY) breaking. The inflating background can be viewed as a single SUSY-breaking sector, and the degrees of freedom can be efficiently parameterized using constrained superfields. Our EFT is comprised of a chiral superfield X{sub NL} containing the goldstino and satisfying X{sub NL}{sup 2}=0, and a real superfield B{sub NL} containing both the goldstino and the goldstone, satisfying X{sub NL}B{sub NL}=B{sub NL}{sup 3}=0. We match results from our EFT formalism to existing results for SUSY broken by a fluid background, showing that the goldstino propagates with subluminal velocities. The same effect can also be derived from the unitary gauge gravitino action after embedding our EFT in supergravity. If the gravitino mass is comparable to the Hubble scale during inflation, we identify a new parameter in the EFT related to a time-dependent phase of the gravitino mass parameter. We briefly comment on the leading contributions of goldstino loops to inflationary observables.
The goldstone and goldstino of supersymmetric inflation
Kahn, Yonatan; Roberts, Daniel A.; Thaler, Jesse
2015-10-01
We construct the minimal effective field theory (EFT) of supersymmetric inflation, whose field content is a real scalar, the goldstone for time-translation breaking, and a Weyl fermion, the goldstino for supersymmetry (SUSY) breaking. The inflating background can be viewed as a single SUSY-breaking sector, and the degrees of freedom can be efficiently parameterized using constrained superfields. Our EFT is comprised of a chiral superfield X NL containing the goldstino and satisfying X NL 2 = 0, and a real superfield B NL containing both the goldstino and the goldstone, satisfying X NL B NL = B NL 3 = 0. We match results from our EFT formalism to existing results for SUSY broken by a fluid background, showing that the goldstino propagates with subluminal velocities. The same effect can also be derived from the unitary gauge gravitino action after embedding our EFT in supergravity. If the gravitino mass is comparable to the Hubble scale during inflation, we identify a new parameter in the EFT related to a time-dependent phase of the gravitino mass parameter. We briefly comment on the leading contributions of goldstino loops to inflationary observables.
Penrose limit of a non-supersymmetric RG fixed point
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Casero, Roberto E-mail: roberto.casero@mib.infn.it
2003-01-20
We extend the BMN duality between IIB superstring theory on a pp-wave background and a sector of N=4 super Yang-Mills theory to the non-supersymmetric and unstable background built by Romans as a compactification on a U(1) bundle over CP{sup 2} with 3-form and 5-form field strength fluxes. We obtain a stable theory with the fewest number of supercharges (e.g., 16) allowed by this kind of solutions and make conjectures on the dual gauge theory.
Penrose limit of a non--supersymmetric RG fixed point
Casero, R
2003-01-01
We extend the BMN duality between IIB superstring theory on a pp--wave background and a sector of N=4 super Yang-Mills theory to the non--supersymmetric and unstable background built by Romans as a compactification on a U(1) bundle over CP2 with 3--form and 5--form field strength fluxes. We obtain a stable theory with the fewest number of supercharges (e.g. 16) allowed by this kind of solutions and make conjectures on the dual gauge theory.
Detection of supersymmetric dark matter.
Xinrui, Hou; Li, Xueqian; Xinhe, Meng; Zhijian, Tao
1997-10-01
A re-analysis of a heavy charged particle production event observed at the cloudy chamber of the Yunnan Cosmic Ray Station (YCRS) in 1972 indicates that the mysterious heavy particle may be identified as a supersymmetric (SUSY) particle produced by bombarding a neutral SUSY cosmic ray particle on a proton. Based on the assumption, following literature studies that the neutral SUSY particle which constitutes the main fraction of the cold dark matter is a scalar neutrino (sneutrino) or neutralino (photino), the authors evaluate the flux of such SUSY particles which gain sufficient energies via elastic scattering with charged cosmic particles on the way to an Earth detector and the capture rates in both the sneutrino and photino cases respectively. The errors appearing in the study are briefly discussed and this work may provide a basis of designing cosmic ray detectors to search for SUSY particles.
Non-Supersymmetric Stringy Attractors
Dominic, Pramod
2011-01-01
In this paper we examine the stability of non-supersymmetric attractors in type IIA supergravity compactified on a Calabi-Yau manifold, in the presence of sub-leading corrections to the N=$ pre-potential. We study black hole configurations carrying D0-D6 and D0-D4 charges. We consider the O(1) corrections to the pre-potential given by the Euler number of the Calabi-Yau manifold. We argue that such corrections in general can not lift the zero modes for the D0-D6 attractors. However, for the attractors carrying the D0-D4 charges, they affect the zero modes in the vector multiplet sector. We show that, in the presence of such O(1) corrections, the D0-D4 attractors can either be stable or unstable depending on the geometry of the underlying Calabi-Yau manifold, and on the specific values of the charges they carry.
Instability of supersymmetric microstate geometries
Eperon, Felicity C; Santos, Jorge E
2016-01-01
We investigate the classical stability of supersymmetric, asymptotically flat, microstate geometries with five non-compact dimensions. Such geometries admit an "evanescent ergosurface": a timelike hypersurface of infinite redshift. On such a surface, there are null geodesics with zero energy relative to infinity. These geodesics are stably trapped in the potential well near the ergosurface. We present a heuristic argument indicating that this feature is likely to lead to a nonlinear instability of these solutions. We argue that the precursor of such an instability can be seen in the behaviour of linear perturbations: nonlinear stability would require that all linear perturbations decay sufficiently rapidly but the stable trapping implies that some linear perturbation decay very slowly. We study this in detail for the most symmetric microstate geometries. By constructing quasinormal modes of these geometries we show that generic linear perturbations decay slower than any inverse power of time.
Supersymmetric Sneutrino-Higgs Inflation
Deen, Rehan; Purves, Austin
2016-01-01
It is shown that in the phenomenologically realistic supersymmetric $B-L$ MSSM theory, a linear combination of the neutral, up Higgs field with the third family left-and right-handed sneutrinos can play the role of the cosmological inflaton. Assuming that supersymmetry is softly broken at a mass scale of order $10^{13}~\\mathrm{GeV}$, the potential energy associated with this field allows for 60 e-foldings of inflation with the cosmological parameters being consistent with all Planck2015 data. The theory does not require any non-standard coupling to gravity and the physical fields are all sub-Planckian during the inflationary epoch. It will be shown that there is a "robust" set of initial conditions which, in addition to satisfying the Planck data, simultaneously are consistent with all present LHC phenomenological requirements.
Instability of supersymmetric microstate geometries
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Eperon, Felicity C.; Reall, Harvey S.; Santos, Jorge E. [Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics, University of Cambridge, Wilberforce Road, Cambridge CB3 0WA (United Kingdom)
2016-10-07
We investigate the classical stability of supersymmetric, asymptotically flat, microstate geometries with five non-compact dimensions. Such geometries admit an “evanescent ergosurface”: a timelike hypersurface of infinite redshift. On such a surface, there are null geodesics with zero energy relative to infinity. These geodesics are stably trapped in the potential well near the ergosurface. We present a heuristic argument indicating that this feature is likely to lead to a nonlinear instability of these solutions. We argue that the precursor of such an instability can be seen in the behaviour of linear perturbations: nonlinear stability would require that all linear perturbations decay sufficiently rapidly but the stable trapping implies that some linear perturbation decay very slowly. We study this in detail for the most symmetric microstate geometries. By constructing quasinormal modes of these geometries we show that generic linear perturbations decay slower than any inverse power of time.
Supersymmetric unification at the millennium
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Charanjit S Aulakh
2000-07-01
We argue that the discovery of neutrino mass effects at super-Kamiokande implies a clear logical chain leading from the Standard Model, through the MSSM and the recently developed minimal left right supersymmetric models with a renormalizable see-saw mechanism for neutrino mass, to left right symmetric SUSY GUTS: in particular, SO(10) and SU(2)× SU(2) × SU(4). The progress in constructing such GUTS explicitly is reviewed and their testability/falsiﬁability by lepton ﬂavour violation and proton decay measurements emphasized. SUSY violations of the survival principle and the interplay between third generation Yukawa coupling uniﬁcation and the structurally stable IR attractive features of the RG ﬂow in SUSY GUTS are also discussed.
Supersymmetric Sneutrino-Higgs inflation
Deen, Rehan; Ovrut, Burt A.; Purves, Austin
2016-11-01
It is shown that in the phenomenologically realistic supersymmetric B - L MSSM theory, a linear combination of the neutral, up Higgs field with the third family left- and right-handed sneutrinos can play the role of the cosmological inflaton. Assuming that supersymmetry is softly broken at a mass scale of order 1013 GeV, the potential energy associated with this field allows for 60 e-foldings of inflation with the cosmological parameters being consistent with all Planck2015 data. The theory does not require any non-standard coupling to gravity and the physical fields are all sub-Planckian during the inflationary epoch. It will be shown that there is a "robust" set of initial conditions which, in addition to satisfying the Planck data, simultaneously are consistent with all present LHC phenomenological requirements.
Four dimensional supersymmetric theories in presence of a boundary
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Mir Faizal
2015-09-01
Full Text Available In this paper, we study N=1 supersymmetric theories in four dimensions in presence of a boundary. We demonstrate that it is possible to preserve half the supersymmetry of the original theory by suitably modifying it in presence of a boundary. This is done by adding new boundary terms to the original action, such that the supersymmetric variation of the new terms exactly cancels the boundary terms generated by the supersymmetric transformation of the original bulk action. We also analyze the boundary projections of such supercharges used in such a theory. We study super-Yang–Mills theories in presence of a boundary using these results. Finally, we study the Born–Infeld action in presence of a boundary. We analyze the boundary effects for the Born–Infeld action coupled to a background dilaton and an axion field. We also analyze the boundary effects for a non-abelian Born–Infeld action. We explicitly construct the actions for these systems in presence of a boundary. This action preserves half of the original supersymmetry.
Quasicomplex N=2, d=1 Supersymmetric Sigma Models
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Evgeny A. Ivanov
2013-11-01
Full Text Available We derive and discuss a new type of N=2 supersymmetric quantum mechanical sigma models which appear when the superfield action of the (1,2,1 multiplets is modified by adding an imaginary antisymmetric tensor to the target space metric, thus completing the latter to a non-symmetric Hermitian metric. These models are not equivalent to the standard de Rham sigma models, but are related to them through a certain special similarity transformation of the supercharges. On the other hand, they can be obtained by a Hamiltonian reduction from the complex supersymmetric N=2 sigma models built on the multiplets (2,2,0 and describing the Dolbeault complex on the manifolds with proper isometries. We study in detail the extremal two-dimensional case, when the target space metric is defined solely by the antisymmetric tensor, and show that the corresponding quantum systems reveal a hidden N=4 supersymmetry.
Consistent Perturbative Fixed Point Calculations in QCD and Supersymmetric QCD
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Ryttov, Thomas A.
2016-01-01
We suggest how to consistently calculate the anomalous dimension $\\gamma_*$ of the $\\bar{\\psi}\\psi$ operator in finite order perturbation theory at an infrared fixed point for asymptotically free theories. If the $n+1$ loop beta function and $n$ loop anomalous dimension are known then $\\gamma......_*$ can be calculated exactly and fully scheme independently through $O(\\Delta_f^n )$ where $\\Delta_f = \\bar{N_f} - N_f$ and $N_f$ is the number of flavors and $\\bar{N}_f$ is the number of flavors above which asymptotic freedom is lost. For a supersymmetric theory the calculation preserves supersymmetry...... order by order in $\\Delta_f$. We then compute $\\gamma_*$ through $O(\\Delta_f^2)$ for supersymmetric QCD in the $\\overline{\\text{DR}}$ scheme and find that it matches the exact known result. We find that $\\gamma_*$ is astonishingly well described in perturbation theory already at the few loops level...
Supersymmetric standard model from the heterotic string (II)
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Buchmueller, W. [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany); Hamaguchi, K. [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany)]|[Tokyo Univ. (Japan). Dept. of Physics; Lebedev, O.; Ratz, M. [Bonn Univ. (Germany). Physikalisches Inst.
2006-06-15
We describe in detail a Z{sub 6} orbifold compactification of the heterotic E{sub 8} x E{sub 8} string which leads to the (supersymmetric) standard model gauge group and matter content. The quarks and leptons appear as three 16-plets of SO(10), two of which are localized at fixed points with local SO(10) symmetry. The model has supersymmetric vacua without exotics at low energies and is consistent with gauge coupling unification. Supersymmetry can be broken via gaugino condensation in the hidden sector. The model has large vacuum degeneracy. Certain vacua with approximate B-L symmetry have attractive phenomenological features. The top quark Yukawa coupling arises from gauge interactions and is of the order of the gauge couplings. The other Yukawa couplings are suppressed by powers of standard model singlet fields, similarly to the Froggatt-Nielsen mechanism. (Orig.)
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Grab, Sebastian
2009-08-15
The most widely studied supersymmetric scenario is the minimal supersymmetric standard model (MSSM) with more than a hundred free parameters. However for detailed phenomenological studies, the minimal supergravity (mSUGRA) model, a restricted and well-motivated framework for the MSSM, is more convenient. In this model, lepton- and baryon-number violating interactions are suppressed by a discrete symmetry, R-parity or proton-hexality, to keep the proton stable. However, it is sufficient to forbid only lepton- or baryon-number violation. We thus extend mSUGRA models by adding a proton-hexality violating operator at the grand unification scale. This can change the supersymmetric spectrum leading on the one hand to a sneutrino, smuon or squark as the lightest supersymmetric particle (LSP). On the other hand, a wide parameter region is reopened, where the scalar tau (stau) is the LSP. We investigate in detail the conditions leading to non-neutralino LSP scenarios. We take into account the restrictions from neutrino masses, the muon anomalous magnetic moment, b{yields}s{gamma}, and other precision measurements. We furthermore investigate existing restrictions from direct searches at LEP, the Tevatron, and the CERN p anti p collider. It is vital to know the nature of the LSP, since supersymmetric particles normally cascade decay down to the LSP at collider experiments. We present typical LHC signatures for sneutrino LSP scenarios. Promising signatures are high-p{sub T} muons and jets, like-sign muon events and detached vertices from long lived taus. We also classify the stau LSP decays and describe their dependence on the mSUGRA parameters. We then exploit our results for resonant single slepton production at the LHC. We find novel signatures with like-sign muon and three- and four-muon final states. Finally, we perform a detailed analysis for single slepton production in association with a single top quark. We show that the signal can be distinguished from the background
Introduction to Supersymmetric Theory of Stochastics
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Igor V. Ovchinnikov
2016-03-01
Full Text Available Many natural and engineered dynamical systems, including all living objects, exhibit signatures of what can be called spontaneous dynamical long-range order (DLRO. This order’s omnipresence has long been recognized by the scientific community, as evidenced by a myriad of related concepts, theoretical and phenomenological frameworks, and experimental phenomena such as turbulence, 1/f noise, dynamical complexity, chaos and the butterfly effect, the Richter scale for earthquakes and the scale-free statistics of other sudden processes, self-organization and pattern formation, self-organized criticality, etc. Although several successful approaches to various realizations of DLRO have been established, the universal theoretical understanding of this phenomenon remained elusive. The possibility of constructing a unified theory of DLRO has emerged recently within the approximation-free supersymmetric theory of stochastics (STS. There, DLRO is the spontaneous breakdown of the topological or de Rahm supersymmetry that all stochastic differential equations (SDEs possess. This theory may be interesting to researchers with very different backgrounds because the ubiquitous DLRO is a truly interdisciplinary entity. The STS is also an interdisciplinary construction. This theory is based on dynamical systems theory, cohomological field theories, the theory of pseudo-Hermitian operators, and the conventional theory of SDEs. Reviewing the literature on all these mathematical disciplines can be time consuming. As such, a concise and self-contained introduction to the STS, the goal of this paper, may be useful.
The Minimal Supersymmetric Fat Higgs Model
Harnik, R; Larson, D T; Murayama, H; Harnik, Roni; Kribs, Graham D.; Larson, Daniel T.; Murayama, Hitoshi
2003-01-01
We present a calculable supersymmetric theory of a composite ``fat'' Higgs boson. Electroweak symmetry is broken dynamically through a new gauge interaction that becomes strong at an intermediate scale. The Higgs mass can easily be 200-450 GeV along with the superpartner masses, solving the supersymmetric little hierarchy problem. We explicitly verify that the model is consistent with precision electroweak data without fine-tuning. Gauge coupling unification can be maintained despite the inherently strong dynamics involved in electroweak symmetry breaking. Supersymmetrizing the Standard Model therefore does not imply a light Higgs mass, contrary to the lore in the literature. The Higgs sector of the minimal Fat Higgs model has a mass spectrum that is distinctly different from the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model.
Bosonization of supersymmetric KdV equation
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Gao Xiaonan [Department of Physics, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, 200240 (China); Lou, S.Y., E-mail: sylou@sjtu.edu.cn [Department of Physics, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, 200240 (China); Faculty of Science, Ningbo University, Ningbo, 315211 (China); School of Mathematics, Fudan University, Shanghai, 200433 (China)
2012-01-16
Bosonization approach to the classical supersymmetric systems is presented. By introducing the multi-fermionic parameters in the expansions of the superfields, the N=1 supersymmetric KdV (sKdV) system is transformed to a system of coupled bosonic equations. The method can be applied to any fermionic systems. By solving the coupled bosonic equations, some novel types of exact solutions can be explicitly obtained. Especially, the richness of the localized excitations of the supersymmetric integrable system is discovered. The rich multi-soliton solutions obtained here have not yet been obtained by using other methods. However, the traditional known multi-soliton solutions can also not be obtained by the bosonization approach of this Letter. Some open problems on the bosonization of the supersymmetric integrable models are proposed in the both classical and quantum levels.
Proton Decay in Minimal Supersymmetric SU(5)
Bajc, Borut; Perez, Pavel Fileviez; Senjanovic, Goran
2002-01-01
We systematically study proton decay in the minimal supersymmetric SU(5) grand unified theory. We find that although the available parameter space of soft masses and mixings is quite constrained, the theory is still in accord with experiment.
Bubbles of Nothing and Supersymmetric Compactifications
Blanco-Pillado, Jose J; Sousa, Kepa; Urrestilla, Jon
2016-01-01
We investigate the non-perturbative stability of supersymmetric compactifications with respect to decay via a bubble of nothing. We show examples where this kind of instability is not prohibited by the spin structure, i.e., periodicity of fermions about the extra dimension. However, such "topologically unobstructed" cases do exhibit an extra-dimensional analog of the well-known Coleman-De Luccia suppression mechanism, which prohibits the decay of supersymmetric vacua. We demonstrate this explicitly in a four dimensional Abelian-Higgs toy model coupled to supergravity. The compactification of this model to $M_3 \\times S_1$ presents the possibility of vacua with different windings for the scalar field. Away from the supersymmetric limit, these states decay by the formation of a bubble of nothing, dressed with an Abelian-Higgs vortex. We show how, as one approaches the supersymmetric limit, the circumference of the topologically unobstructed bubble becomes infinite, thereby preventing the realization of this dec...
Patterns of flavor signals in supersymmetric models
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Goto, T. [KEK National High Energy Physics, Tsukuba (Japan)]|[Kyoto Univ. (Japan). YITP; Okada, Y. [KEK National High Energy Physics, Tsukuba (Japan)]|[Graduate Univ. for Advanced Studies, Tsukuba (Japan). Dept. of Particle and Nucelar Physics; Shindou, T. [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany)]|[International School for Advanced Studies, Trieste (Italy); Tanaka, M. [Osaka Univ., Toyonaka (Japan). Dept. of Physics
2007-11-15
Quark and lepton flavor signals are studied in four supersymmetric models, namely the minimal supergravity model, the minimal supersymmetric standard model with right-handed neutrinos, SU(5) supersymmetric grand unified theory with right-handed neutrinos and the minimal supersymmetric standard model with U(2) flavor symmetry. We calculate b{yields}s(d) transition observables in B{sub d} and B{sub s} decays, taking the constraint from the B{sub s}- anti B{sub s} mixing recently observed at Tevatron into account. We also calculate lepton flavor violating processes {mu} {yields} e{gamma}, {tau} {yields} {mu}{gamma} and {tau} {yields} e{gamma} for the models with right-handed neutrinos. We investigate possibilities to distinguish the flavor structure of the supersymmetry breaking sector with use of patterns of various flavor signals which are expected to be measured in experiments such as MEG, LHCb and a future Super B Factory. (orig.)
NEW EXACTLY SOLVABLE SUPERSYMMETRIC PERIODIC POTENTIALS
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
LIU KE-JIA; HE LI; ZHOU GUO-LI; WU YU-JIAO
2001-01-01
Using the formalism of supersymmetric quantum mechanics, we give an exact solution for a family of onedimensional periodic potentials, which are the supersymmetric partners of the potential proportional to the trigonometric function cos(2x) such that the Schrodinger equation for this potential is named the Mathieu equation mathematically.We show that the new potentials are distinctly different from their original ones. However, both have the same energy band structure. All the potentials obtained in this paper are free of singularities.
On the uniqueness of supersymmetric attractors
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Taniya Mandal
2015-10-01
Full Text Available In this paper we discuss the uniqueness of supersymmetric attractors in four-dimensional N=2 supergravity theories coupled to n vector multiplets. We prove that for a given charge configuration the supersymmetry preserving axion free attractors are unique. We generalise the analysis to axionic attractors and state the conditions for uniqueness explicitly. We consider the example of a two-parameter model and find all solutions to the supersymmetric attractor equations and discuss their uniqueness.
Generalized Kahler Geometry from supersymmetric sigma models
Bredthauer, A; Persson, J; Zabzine, M; Bredthauer, Andreas; Lindstrom, Ulf; Persson, Jonas; Zabzine, Maxim
2006-01-01
We give a physical derivation of generalized Kahler geometry. Starting from a supersymmetric nonlinear sigma model, we rederive and explain the results of Gualtieri regarding the equivalence between generalized Kahler geometry and the bi-hermitean geometry of Gates-Hull-Rocek. When cast in the language of supersymmetric sigma models, this relation maps precisely to that between the Lagrangian and the Hamiltonian formalisms. We also discuss topological twist in this context.
(2+1)-dimensional supersymmetric integrable equations
Yan, Zhao-Wen; Tala; Chen, Fang; Liu, Tao-Ran; Han, Jing-Min
2017-09-01
By means of two different approaches, we construct the (2+1)-dimensional supersymmetric integrable equations based on the super Lie algebra osp(3/2). We relax the constraint condition of homogenous space of super Lie algebra osp(3/2) in the first approach. In another one, the technique of extending the dimension of the systems is used. Furthermore for the (2 + 1)-dimensional supersymmetric integrable equations, we also derive their Bäcklund transformations.
Matrix models, topological strings, and supersymmetric gauge theories
Dijkgraaf, Robbert; Vafa, Cumrun
2002-11-01
We show that B-model topological strings on local Calabi-Yau threefolds are large- N duals of matrix models, which in the planar limit naturally give rise to special geometry. These matrix models directly compute F-terms in an associated N=1 supersymmetric gauge theory, obtained by deforming N=2 theories by a superpotential term that can be directly identified with the potential of the matrix model. Moreover by tuning some of the parameters of the geometry in a double scaling limit we recover ( p, q) conformal minimal models coupled to 2d gravity, thereby relating non-critical string theories to type II superstrings on Calabi-Yau backgrounds.
N= 4 Supersymmetric Quantum Mechanical Model: Novel Symmetries
Krishna, S
2016-01-01
We discuss a set of novel discrete symmetry transformations of the N = 4 supersymmetric quantum mechanical model of a charged particle moving on a sphere in the background of Dirac magnetic monopole. The usual five continuous symmetries (and their conserved Noether charges) and two discrete symmetries together provide the physical realizations of the de Rham cohomological operators of differential geometry. We have also exploited the supervariable approach to derive the nilpotent N = 4 SUSY transformations and provided the geometrical interpretation in the language of translational generators along the Grassmannian directions onto (1, 4)-dimensional supermanifold.
Supersymmetric action of multiple D0-branes from matrix theory
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Asano, Masako E-mail: asano@post.kek.jp; Sekino, Yasuhiro E-mail: sekino@th.phys.titech.ac.jp
2002-11-11
We study one-loop effective action of Berkooz-Douglas matrix theory and obtain non-Abelian action of D0-branes in the longitudinal 5-brane background. In this paper, we extend the analysis of hep-th/0201248 and calculate the part of the effective action containing fermions. We show that the effective action is manifestly invariant under the loop-corrected SUSY transformation, and give the explicit transformation laws. The effective action consists of blocks which are closed under the SUSY, and it includes the supersymmetric completion of the couplings to the longitudinal 5-branes proposed by Taylor and Van Raamsdonk as a subset.
𝒩 = 4 supersymmetric quantum mechanical model: Novel symmetries
Krishna, S.
2017-04-01
We discuss a set of novel discrete symmetry transformations of the 𝒩 = 4 supersymmetric quantum mechanical model of a charged particle moving on a sphere in the background of Dirac magnetic monopole. The usual five continuous symmetries (and their conserved Noether charges) and two discrete symmetries together provide the physical realizations of the de Rham cohomological operators of differential geometry. We have also exploited the supervariable approach to derive the nilpotent 𝒩 = 4 SUSY transformations and provided the geometrical interpretation in the language of translational generators along the Grassmannian directions 𝜃α and 𝜃¯α onto (1, 4)-dimensional supermanifold.
The Supersymmetric origin of matter
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Balazs, C.; /Argonne; Carena, M.; /Fermilab; Menon, A.; Morrissey, D.E.; Wagner, C.E.M.; /Argonne /Chicago U., EFI
2004-12-01
The Minimal Supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model (MSSM) can provide the correct neutralino relic abundance and baryon number asymmetry of the universe. Both may be efficiently generated in the presence of CP violating phases, light charginos and neutralinos, and a light top squark. Due to the coannihilation of the neutralino with the light stop, we find a large region of parameter space in which the neutralino relic density is consistent with WMAP and SDSS data. We perform a detailed study of the additional constraints induced when CP violating phases, consistent with the ones required for baryogenesis, are included. We explore the possible tests of this scenario from present and future electron Electric Dipole Moment (EDM) measurements, direct neutralino detection experiments, collider searches and the b {yields} s{gamma} decay rate. We find that the EDM constraints are quite severe and that electron EDM experiments, together with stop searches at the Tevatron and Higgs searches at the LHC, will provide a definite test of our scenario of electroweak baryogenesis in the next few years.
Non-supersymmetric black rings as thermally excited supertubes
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Elvang, Henriette [Department of Physics, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106-9530 (United States); Emparan, Roberto [Institucio Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avancats (ICREA) (Spain); Departament de Fisica Fonamental and C.E.R. en Astrofisica, Fisica de Particules i Cosmologia, Universitat de Barcelona, Diagonal 647, E-08028 Barcelona (Spain)]. E-mail: emparan@ub.edu; Figueras, Pau [Departament de Fisica Fonamental and C.E.R. en Astrofisica, Fisica de Particules i Cosmologia, Universitat de Barcelona, Diagonal 647, E-08028 Barcelona (Spain)
2005-02-01
We construct a seven-parameter family of supergravity solutions that describe non-supersymmetric black rings and black tubes with three charges, three dipoles and two angular momenta. The black rings have regular horizons and non-zero temperature. They are naturally interpreted as the supergravity descriptions of thermally excited configurations of supertubes, specifically of supertubes with two charges and one dipole, and of supertubes with three charges and two dipoles. In order to fully describe thermal excitations near supersymmetry of the black supertubes with three charges and three dipoles a more general family of black ring solutions is required. (author)
Bubbles of nothing and supersymmetric compactifications
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Blanco-Pillado, Jose J. [IKERBASQUE, Basque Foundation for Science, 48011, Bilbao (Spain); Department of Theoretical Physics, University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU,48080 Bilbao (Spain); Shlaer, Benjamin [Department of Physics, University of Auckland,Private Bag 92019, Auckland (New Zealand); Institute of Cosmology, Department of Physics and Astronomy,Tufts University, Medford, MA 02155 (United States); Sousa, Kepa [Department of Theoretical Physics, University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU,48080 Bilbao (Spain); Instituto de Fisica Teorica UAM-CSIC, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid,Cantoblanco, 28049 Madrid (Spain); Urrestilla, Jon [Department of Theoretical Physics, University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU,48080 Bilbao (Spain)
2016-10-03
We investigate the non-perturbative stability of supersymmetric compactifications with respect to decay via a bubble of nothing. We show examples where this kind of instability is not prohibited by the spin structure, i.e., periodicity of fermions about the extra dimension. However, such “topologically unobstructed” cases do exhibit an extra-dimensional analog of the well-known Coleman-De Luccia suppression mechanism, which prohibits the decay of supersymmetric vacua. We demonstrate this explicitly in a four dimensional Abelian-Higgs toy model coupled to supergravity. The compactification of this model to M{sub 3}×S{sub 1} presents the possibility of vacua with different windings for the scalar field. Away from the supersymmetric limit, these states decay by the formation of a bubble of nothing, dressed with an Abelian-Higgs vortex. We show how, as one approaches the supersymmetric limit, the circumference of the topologically unobstructed bubble becomes infinite, thereby preventing the realization of this decay. This demonstrates the dynamical origin of the decay suppression, as opposed to the more familiar argument based on the spin structure. We conjecture that this is a generic mechanism that enforces stability of any topologically unobstructed supersymmetric compactification.
N=2 supersymmetric dynamics for pedestrians
Tachikawa, Yuji
2015-01-01
Understanding the dynamics of gauge theories is crucial, given the fact that all known interactions are based on the principle of local gauge symmetry. Beyond the perturbative regime, however, this is a notoriously difficult problem. Requiring invariance under supersymmetry turns out to be a suitable tool for analyzing supersymmetric gauge theories over a larger region of the space of parameters. Supersymmetric quantum field theories in four dimensions with extended N=2 supersymmetry are further constrained and have therefore been a fertile field of research in theoretical physics for quite some time. Moreover, there are far-reaching mathematical ramifications that have led to a successful dialogue with differential and algebraic geometry. These lecture notes aim to introduce students of modern theoretical physics to the fascinating developments in the understanding of N=2 supersymmetric gauge theories in a coherent fashion. Starting with a gentle introduction to electric-magnetic duality, the author guides r...
Supersymmetric defect models and mirror symmetry
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Hook, Anson; Kachru, Shamit; Torroba, Gonzalo
2013-11-01
We study supersymmetric field theories in three space-time dimensions doped by various configurations of electric charges or magnetic fluxes. These are supersymmetric avatars of impurity models. In the presence of additional sources such configurations are shown to preserve half of the supersymmetries. Mirror symmetry relates the two sets of configurations. We discuss the implications for impurity models in 3d NN = 4 QED with a single charged hypermultiplet (and its mirror, the theory of a free hypermultiplet) as well as 3d NN = 2 QED with one flavor and its dual, a supersymmetric Wilson-Fisher fixed point. Mirror symmetry allows us to find backreacted solutions for arbitrary arrays of defects in the IR limit of NN = 4 QED. Our analysis, complemented with appropriate string theory brane constructions, sheds light on various aspects of mirror symmetry, the map between particles and vortices and the emergence of ground state entropy in QED at finite density.
Supersymmetric Defect Models and Mirror Symmetry
Hook, Anson; Torroba, Gonzalo
2013-01-01
We study supersymmetric field theories in three space-time dimensions doped by various configurations of electric charges or magnetic fluxes. These are supersymmetric avatars of impurity models. In the presence of additional sources such configurations are shown to preserve half of the supersymmetries. Mirror symmetry relates the two sets of configurations. We discuss the implications for impurity models in 3d N=4 QED with a single charged hypermultiplet (and its mirror, the theory of a free hypermultiplet) as well as 3d N=2 QED with one flavor and its dual, a supersymmetric Wilson-Fisher fixed point. Mirror symmetry allows us to find backreacted solutions for arbitrary arrays of defects in the IR limit of N=4 QED. Our analysis, complemented with appropriate string theory brane constructions, sheds light on various aspects of mirror symmetry, the map between particles and vortices and the emergence of ground state entropy in QED at finite density.
Gauging isometries in N=4 supersymmetric mechanics
Delduc, F
2008-01-01
This talk summarizes the study of superfield gaugings of isometries of extended supersymmetric mechanics in hep-th/0605211, hep-th/0611247 and arXiv:0706.0706. The gauging procedure provides a manifestly supersymmetric realization of d=1 automorphic dualities which interrelate various irreducible off-shell multiplets of d=1 extended supersymmetry featuring the same number of physical fermions but different divisions of bosonic fields into the physical and auxiliary subsets. We concentrate on the most interesting N=4 case and demonstrate that, with a suitable choice of the symmetry to be gauged, all such multiplets of N=4 supersymmetric mechanics and their generic superfield actions can be obtained from the "root" multiplet (4,4,0) and the appropriate gauged subclasses of the generic superfield action of the latter by a simple universal recipe.
Decoupling of Supersymmetric Particles in the MSSM
Dobado, A; Peñaranda, S
1998-01-01
A heavy supersymmetric spectrum at the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model is considered and the decoupling from the low energy electroweak scale is analyzed. A formal and partial proof of decoupling of supersymmetric particles in the limit where their masses are larger than the electroweak scale is performed by integrating out all the sparticles to one loop and by evaluating the effective action for the standard electroweak gauge bosons $W^{\\pm}, Z$ and two-point functions of the electroweak gauge bosons and the $S, T$ and $U$ parameters, to be valid in that limit, are also presented. A discussion on how the decoupling takes place in terms of both the physical sparticle masses and the non-physical mass parameters as the $\\mu$-parameter and the soft-breaking parameters is included.
Supersymmetric extension of the Snyder algebra
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Gouba, L., E-mail: lgouba@ictp.it [Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP), Strada Costiera 11, 34014 Trieste (Italy); Stern, A., E-mail: astern@bama.ua.edu [Dept. of Physics and Astronomy, Univ. of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Al 35487 (United States)
2012-04-11
We obtain a minimal supersymmetric extension of the Snyder algebra and study its representations. The construction differs from the general approach given in Hatsuda and Siegel ( (arXiv:hep-th/0311002)) and does not utilize super-de Sitter groups. The spectra of the position operators are discrete, implying a lattice description of space, and the lattice is compatible with supersymmetry transformations. -- Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer A new supersymmetric extension of the Snyder algebra is constructed. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The extension is minimal and the construction does not involve supersymmetric de Sitter algebras. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer An involution is defined for the system and discrete representations are constructed. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The representations imply a spatial lattice and the lattice spacing is half that of the bosonic case. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer A differential operator representation is given for fields on super-momentum space.
On Elliptic Algebras and Large-n Supersymmetric Gauge Theories
Koroteev, Peter
2016-01-01
In this note we further develop the duality between supersymmetric gauge theories in various dimensions and elliptic integrable systems such as Ruijsenaars-Schneider model and periodic intermediate long wave hydrodynamics. These models arise in instanton counting problems and are described by certain elliptic algebras. We discuss the correspondence between the two types of models by employing the large-n limit of the dual gauge theory. In particular we provide non-Abelian generalization of our previous result on the intermediate long wave model.
Flipped version of the supersymmetric strongly coupled preon model
Fajfer, S.; Mileković, M.; Tadić, D.
1989-12-01
In the supersymmetric SU(5) [SUSY SU(5)] composite model (which was described in an earlier paper) the fermion mass terms can be easily constructed. The SUSY SU(5)⊗U(1), i.e., flipped, composite model possesses a completely analogous composite-particle spectrum. However, in that model one cannot construct a renormalizable superpotential which would generate fermion mass terms. This contrasts with the standard noncomposite grand unified theories (GUT's) in which both the Georgi-Glashow electrical charge embedding and its flipped counterpart lead to the renormalizable theories.
Quantum Cohomology and Quantum Hydrodynamics from Supersymmetric Quiver Gauge Theories
Bonelli, Giulio; Tanzini, Alessandro; Vasko, Petr
2015-01-01
We study the connection between N = 2 supersymmetric gauge theories, quantum cohomology and quantum integrable systems of hydrodynamic type. We consider gauge theories on ALE spaces of A and D-type and discuss how they describe the quantum cohomology of the corresponding Nakajima's quiver varieties. We also discuss how the exact evaluation of local BPS observables in the gauge theory can be used to calculate the spectrum of quantum Hamiltonians of spin Calogero integrable systems and spin Intermediate Long Wave hydrodynamics. This is explicitly obtained by a Bethe Ansatz Equation provided by the quiver gauge theory in terms of its adjacency matrix.
Quantum cohomology and quantum hydrodynamics from supersymmetric quiver gauge theories
Bonelli, Giulio; Sciarappa, Antonio; Tanzini, Alessandro; Vasko, Petr
2016-11-01
We study the connection between N = 2 supersymmetric gauge theories, quantum cohomology and quantum integrable systems of hydrodynamic type. We consider gauge theories on ALE spaces of A and D-type and discuss how they describe the quantum cohomology of the corresponding Nakajima's quiver varieties. We also discuss how the exact evaluation of local BPS observables in the gauge theory can be used to calculate the spectrum of quantum Hamiltonians of spin Calogero integrable systems and spin Intermediate Long Wave hydrodynamics. This is explicitly obtained by a Bethe Ansatz Equation provided by the quiver gauge theory in terms of its adjacency matrix.
N=2 supersymmetric gauge theories and quantum integrable systems
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Luo, Yuan; Tan, Meng-Chwan [Department of Physics, National University of Singapore 2 Science Drive 3, 117551 (Singapore); Yagi, Junya [Department of Physics, National University of Singapore 2 Science Drive 3, 117551 (Singapore); International School for Advanced Studies (SISSA) Via Bonomea, 265, 34136 Trieste (Italy); INFN, Sezione di Trieste Via Valerio, 2, 34149 Trieste (Italy)
2014-03-20
We study N=2 supersymmetric gauge theories on the product of a two-sphere and a cylinder. We show that the low-energy dynamics of a BPS sector of such a theory is described by a quantum integrable system, with the Planck constant set by the inverse of the radius of the sphere. If the sphere is replaced with a hemisphere, then our system reduces to an integrable system of the type studied by Nekrasov and Shatashvili. In this case we establish a correspondence between the effective prepotential of the gauge theory and the Yang-Yang function of the integrable system.
Softly Broken Supersymmetric Gauge Theories through Compactifications
Takenaga, K
1998-01-01
Effects of boundary conditions of fields for compactified space directions on the supersymmetric gauge theories are discussed. For general and possible boundary conditions the supersymmetry is explicitly broken to yield universal soft supersymmetry breaking terms, and the gauge symmetry of the theory can also be broken through the dynamics of non-integrable phases, depending on number and the representation under the gauge group of matters. The 4-dimensional supersymmetric QCD is studied as a toy model when one of the space coordinates is compactified on $S^1$.
Renormalizability of Supersymmetric Group Field Cosmology
Upadhyay, Sudhaker
2014-01-01
In this paper we consider the gauge invariant third quantized model of supersymmetric group field cosmology. The supersymmetric BRST invariance for such theory in non-linear gauge is also analysed. The path integral formulation to the case of a multiverse made up of homogeneous and isotropic spacetimes filled with a perfect fluid is presented. The renormalizability for the scattering of universes in multiverse are established with suitably constructed master equations for connected diagrams and proper vertices. The Slavnov-Taylor identities for this theory hold to all orders of radiative corrections.
Renormalizability of supersymmetric group field cosmology
Upadhyay, Sudhaker
2014-03-01
In this paper we consider the gauge invariant third quantized model of supersymmetric group field cosmology. The supersymmetric BRST invariance for such theory in non-linear gauge is also analysed. The path integral formulation to the case of a multiverse made up of homogeneous and isotropic spacetimes filled with a perfect fluid is presented. The renormalizability for the scattering of universes in multiverse are established with suitably constructed master equations for connected diagrams and proper vertices. The Slavnov-Taylor identities for this theory hold to all orders of radiative corrections.
Just so oscillations in supersymmetric standard model
Joshipura, A S; Anjan S Joshipura; Marek Nowakowski
1995-01-01
We analyze the spectrum and mixing among neutrinos in the minimal supersymmetric standard model with explicit breaking of R parity. It is shown that ({\\em i}) the mixing among neutrinos is naturally large and ({\\em ii}) the non zero neutrino mass is constrained to be \\leq 10^{-5} eV from arguments based on baryogenesis. Thus vacuum oscillations of neutrinos in this model may offer a solution of the solar neutrino problem. The allowed space of the supersymmetric parameters consistent with this solution is determined.
Supersymmetric asymptotic safety is not guaranteed
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Intriligator, Kenneth; Sannino, Francesco
2015-01-01
It was recently shown that certain perturbatively accessible, non-supersymmetric gauge-Yukawa theories have UV asymptotic safety, without asymptotic freedom: the UV theory is an interacting RG fixed point, and the IR theory is free. We here investigate the possibility of asymptotic safety...... in supersymmetric theories, and use unitarity bounds, and the a-theorem, to rule it out in broad classes of theories. The arguments apply without assuming perturbation theory. Therefore, the UV completion of a non-asymptotically free susy theory must have additional, non-obvious degrees of freedom, such as those...
Supersymmetric radiative corrections at large tan {beta}
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Logan, H.E.
2001-02-20
In the minimal supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model (MSSM), fermion masses and Yukawa couplings receive radiative corrections at one loop from diagrams involving the supersymmetric particles. The corrections to the relation between down-type fermion masses and Yukawa couplings are enhanced by tan {beta}, which makes them potentially very significant at large tan {beta}. These corrections affect a wide range of processes in the MSSM, including neutral and charged Higgs phenomenology, rare B meson decays, and renormalization of the CKM matrix. We give a pedagogical review of the sources and phenomenological effects of these corrections.
Supersymmetric asymptotic safety is not guaranteed
Intriligator, Kenneth
2015-01-01
It was recently shown that certain perturbatively accessible, non-supersymmetric gauge-Yukawa theories have UV asymptotic safety, without asymptotic freedom: the UV theory is an interacting RG fixed point, and the IR theory is free. We here investigate the possibility of asymptotic safety in supersymmetric theories, and use unitarity bounds, and the a-theorem, to rule it out in broad classes of theories. The arguments apply without assuming perturbation theory. Therefore, the UV completion of a non-asymptotically free susy theory must have additional, non-obvious degrees of freedom, such as those of an asymptotically free (perhaps magnetic dual) extension.
Supersymmetric supermembrane vacua and singletons
Bergshoeff, E.; Duff, M.J.; Pope, C.N.; Sezgin, E.
1987-01-01
The eleven-dimensional supermembrane exhibits a local world-volume Siegel symmetry provided the spacetime background is a solution of D=11 supergravity. If this background admits Killing spinors the supermembrane action also admits rigid spacetime supersymmetries. We show that in a physical gauge,
Angular Momentum of Supersymmetric Non-isotropic Traps
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
XU Qiang
2001-01-01
A simple way to explain quantum behavior of supersymmetric non-isotropic traps is proposed in the framework of sermiunitary formulation of supersymmetric quantum mechanics. Using semiunitary formulation we can simultaneously supersymmetrize the complete set of observables, especially including angular moment.
5D Maximally Supersymmetric Yang-Mills on the Lattice
Joseph, Anosh
2016-01-01
We provide details of the lattice construction of five-dimensional maximally supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory. The lattice theory is supersymmetric, gauge invariant and free from spectrum doublers. Such a supersymmetric lattice formulation is interesting as it can be used for non-perturbative explorations of the five-dimensional theory, which has a known gravitational dual.
Supersymmetric deformations of 3D SCFTs from tri-Sasakian truncation
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Karndumri, Parinya [Chulalongkorn University, String Theory and Supergravity Group, Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Bangkok (Thailand)
2017-02-15
We holographically study supersymmetric deformations of N = 3 and N = 1 superconformal field theories in three dimensions using four-dimensional N = 4 gauged supergravity coupled to three-vector multiplets with non-semisimple SO(3) x (T{sup 3},T{sup 3}) gauge group. This gauged supergravity can be obtained from a truncation of 11-dimensional supergravity on a tri-Sasakian manifold and admits both N = 1,3 supersymmetric and stable non-supersymmetric AdS{sub 4} critical points. We analyze the BPS equations for SO(3) singlet scalars in detail and study possible supersymmetric solutions. A number of RG flows to non-conformal field theories and half-supersymmetric domain walls are found, and many of them can be given analytically. Apart from these ''flat'' domain walls, we also consider AdS{sub 3}-sliced domain wall solutions describing two-dimensional conformal defects with N = (1,0) supersymmetry within the dual N = 1 field theory while this type of solutions does not exist in the N = 3 case. (orig.)
Computing Maximally Supersymmetric Scattering Amplitudes
Stankowicz, James Michael, Jr.
This dissertation reviews work in computing N = 4 super-Yang--Mills (sYM) and N = 8 maximally supersymmetric gravity (mSUGRA) scattering amplitudes in D = 4 spacetime dimensions in novel ways. After a brief introduction and overview in Ch. 1, the various techniques used to construct amplitudes in the remainder of the dissertation are discussed in Ch. 2. This includes several new concepts such as d log and pure integrand bases, as well as how to construct the amplitude using exactly one kinematic point where it vanishes. Also included in this chapter is an outline of the Mathematica package on shell diagrams and numerics.m (osdn) that was developed for the computations herein. The rest of the dissertation is devoted to explicit examples. In Ch. 3, the starting point is tree-level sYM amplitudes that have integral representations with residues that obey amplitude relations. These residues are shown to have corresponding residue numerators that allow a double copy prescription that results in mSUGRA residues. In Ch. 4, the two-loop four-point sYM amplitude is constructed in several ways, showcasing many of the techniques of Ch. 2; this includes an example of how to use osdn. The two-loop five-point amplitude is also presented in a pure integrand representation with comments on how it was constructed from one homogeneous cut of the amplitude. On-going work on the two-loop n-point amplitude is presented at the end of Ch. 4. In Ch. 5, the three-loop four-point amplitude is presented in the d log representation and in the pure integrand representation. In Ch. 6, there are several examples of four- through seven-loop planar diagrams that illustrate how considerations of the singularity structure of the amplitude underpin dual-conformal invariance. Taken with the previous examples, this is additional evidence that the structure known to exist in the planar sector extends to the full theory. At the end of this chapter is a proof that all mSUGRA amplitudes have a pole at
Supersymmetric 4D rotating black holes from 5D black rings
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Elvang, Henriette [Department of Physics, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106-9530 (United States); Emparan, Roberto [Institucio Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avancats (ICREA) (Mexico); Departament de Fisica Fonamental, and C.E.R. en Astrofisica, Fisica de PartIcules i Cosmologia, Universitat de Barcelona, Diagonal 647, E-08028 Barcelona (Spain); Mateos, David [Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 2Y5 (Canada); Reall, Harvey S. [Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106-4030 (United States)
2005-08-01
We present supersymmetric solutions describing black holes with non-vanishing angular momentum in four dimensional asymptotically flat space. The solutions are obtained by Kaluza-Klein reduction of five-dimensional supersymmetric black rings wrapped on the fiber of a Taub-NUT space. We show that in the four-dimensional description the singularity of the nut can be hidden behind a regular black hole event horizon and thereby obtain an explicit example of a non-static multi-black hole solution in four asymptotically flat dimensions.
Non-minimal supersymmetric models. LHC phenomenolgy and model discrimination
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Krauss, Manuel Ernst
2015-12-18
physics signals or just background fluctuations. In a careful evaluation of the loop-corrected scalar potential we then identify parameter regions in which the vacuum with the phenomenologically correct symmetry-breaking properties is stable. Conveniently, those regions favour low left-right symmetry breaking scales which are accessible at the LHC. In a slightly modified version of this model where a U(1){sub R} x U(1){sub B-L} gauge symmetry survives down to the TeV scale, we implement a minimal gauge-mediated supersymmetry breaking mechanism for which we calculate the boundary conditions in the presence of gauge kinetic mixing. We show how the presence of the extended gauge group raises the tree-level Higgs mass considerably so that the need for heavy supersymmetric spectra is relaxed. Taking the constraints from the Higgs sector into account, we then explore the LHC phenomenology of this model and point out where the expected collider signatures can be distinguished from standard scenarios. In particular if neutrino masses are explained by low-scale seesaw mechanisms as is done throughout this work, there are potentially spectacular signals at low-energy experiments which search for charged lepton flavour violation. The last part of this thesis is dedicated to the detailed exploration of processes like μ→eγ, μ→3e or μ-e conversion in nuclei in a supersymmetric framework with an inverse seesaw mechanism. In particular, we disprove claims about a non-decoupling effect in Z-mediated three-body decays and study the prospects for discovering and distinguishing signals at near-future experiments. In this context we identify the possibility to deduce from ratios like BR(τ→3μ)/BR(τ→μe{sup +}e{sup -}) whether the contributions from ν-W loops dominate over supersymmetric contributions or vice versa.
Asymptotic iteration approach to supersymmetric bistable potentials
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
H. Ciftci; O. ozer; P. Roy
2012-01-01
We examine quasi exactly solvable bistable potentials and their supersymmetric partners within the framework of the asymptotic iteration method (AIM).It is shown that the AIM produces excellent approximate spectra and that sometimes it is found to be more useful to use the partner potential for computation. We also discuss the direct application of the AIM to the Fokker-Planck equation.
Photon structure function in supersymmetric QCD revisited
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Sahara, Ryo, E-mail: sahara@scphys.kyoto-u.ac.jp [Department of Physics, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Kitashirakawa, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan); Uematsu, Tsuneo, E-mail: uematsu@scphys.kyoto-u.ac.jp [Department of Physics, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Kitashirakawa, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan); Kitadono, Yoshio, E-mail: kitadono@phys.sinica.edu.tw [Institute of Physics, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan (China)
2012-02-07
We investigate the virtual photon structure function in the supersymmetric QCD (SQCD), where we have squarks and gluinos in addition to the quarks and gluons. Taking into account the heavy particle mass effects to the leading order in QCD and SQCD we evaluate the photon structure function and numerically study its behavior for the QCD and SQCD cases.
Photon Structure Function in Supersymmetric QCD Revisited
Sahara, Ryo; Kitadono, Yoshio
2011-01-01
We investigate the virtual photon structure function in the supersymmetric QCD (SQCD), where we have squarks and gluinos in addition to the quarks and gluons. Taking into account the heavy particle mass effects to the leading order in QCD and SQCD we evaluate the photon structure function and numerically study its behavior for the QCD and SQCD cases.
Neutrino masses and mixing in supersymmetric theories
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Sudhir K Vempati
2000-07-01
It has been known for sometime that supersymmetric theories with -parity violation provide a natural framework where small neutrino masses can be generated. We discuss neutrino masses and mixing in these theories in the presence of trilinear lepton number violating couplings. It will be shown that simultaneous solutions to solar and atmospheric neutrino problems can be realized in these models.
Spectral properties of supersymmetric shape invariant potentials
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Barnali Chakrabarti
2008-01-01
We present the spectral properties of supersymmetric shape invariant potentials (SIPs). Although the folded spectrum is completely random, unfolded spectrum shows that energy levels are highly correlated and absolutely rigid. All the SIPs exhibit harmonic oscillator-type spectral statistics in the unfolded spectrum. We conjecture that this is the reflection of shape invariant symmetry.
Partition functions for supersymmetric black holes
Manschot, J.
2008-01-01
This thesis presents a number of results on partition functions for four-dimensional supersymmetric black holes. These partition functions are important tools to explain the entropy of black holes from a microscopic point of view. Such a microscopic explanation was desired after the association of a
Supersymmetric integrable scattering theories with unstable particles
Fring, A
2005-01-01
We propose scattering matrices for N=1 supersymmetric integrable quantum field theories in 1+1 dimensions which involve unstable particles in their spectra. By means of the thermodynamic Bethe ansatz we analyze the ultraviolet behaviour of some of these theories and identify the effective Virasoro central charge of the underlying conformal field theories.
A renormalizable supersymmetric SO(10) model
Chen, Ying-Kang
2015-01-01
A realistic grand unified model has never been constructed in the literature due to three major difficulties: the seesaw mechanism without spoiling gauge coupling unification, the doublet-triplet splitting and the proton decay suppression. We propose a renormalizable supersymmetric SO(10) model with all these difficulties solved naturally.
Effective action for supersymmetric chiral anomaly
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Krivoshchekov, V.K.; Chekhov, L.O.
1987-05-01
It is shown that consistency conditions of the type of the Wess-Zumino conditions are necessary and sufficient conditions for local integrability of the supersymmetric chiral anomaly. It follows from the requirement of global integrability that the coefficient of the anomalous action is discrete. Explicit expressions are obtained for consistent anomalies and the corresponding functionals, which depend on superfields of various types.
Supersymmetric axion grand unified theories and their predictions
Co, Raymond T.; D'Eramo, Francesco; Hall, Lawrence J.
2016-10-01
We introduce a class of unified supersymmetric axion theories with unified and Peccei-Quinn (PQ) symmetries broken by the same set of fields at a scale ˜2 ×1 016 GeV . A typical domain wall number of order 30 leads to an axion decay constant fa of order 1 015 GeV . Inflation generates a large saxion condensate, giving a reheat temperature TR below the QCD scale for supersymmetry breaking of order 1-10 TeV. Axion field oscillations commence in the saxion matter-dominated era near the QCD scale, and recent lattice computations of the temperature dependence of the axion mass in this era allow a controlled calculation of the axion dark matter abundance. The observed abundance can be successfully explained by an initial axion misalignment angle of order unity, θi˜1 . A highly correlated set of predictions is discussed for fa, TR, the supersymmetric Higgs mass parameter μ , the amount of dark radiation Δ Neff, the proton decay rate Γ (p →e+π0), isocurvature density perturbations and the B mode of the cosmic microwave background. The last two are particularly interesting when the energy scale of inflation is also of order 1 016 GeV .
Consistent Perturbative Fixed Point Calculations in QCD and Supersymmetric QCD.
Ryttov, Thomas A
2016-08-12
We suggest how to consistently calculate the anomalous dimension γ_{*} of the ψ[over ¯]ψ operator in finite order perturbation theory at an infrared fixed point for asymptotically free theories. If the n+1 loop beta function and n loop anomalous dimension are known, then γ_{*} can be calculated exactly and fully scheme independently in a Banks-Zaks expansion through O(Δ_{f}^{n}), where Δ_{f}=N[over ¯]_{f}-N_{f}, N_{f} is the number of flavors, and N[over ¯]_{f} is the number of flavors above which asymptotic freedom is lost. For a supersymmetric theory, the calculation preserves supersymmetry order by order in Δ_{f}. We then compute γ_{*} through O(Δ_{f}^{2}) for supersymmetric QCD in the dimensional reduction scheme and find that it matches the exact known result. We find that γ_{*} is astonishingly well described in perturbation theory already at the few loops level throughout the entire conformal window. We finally compute γ_{*} through O(Δ_{f}^{3}) for QCD and a variety of other nonsupersymmetric fermionic gauge theories. Small values of γ_{*} are observed for a large range of flavors.
Measuring And Explaining The Supersymmetric Lagrangian
Wang, L
2002-01-01
The issues of measuring the supersymmetric Lagrangian once data is available, and making the connections between the low energy effective Lagrangian and fundamental theory, are considered. After a brief introduction to the fundamentals of supersymmetry and overview of Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM), case studies in ways of measuring different parameters in the low energy MSSM Lagrangian are presented. They include: measuring CP violation phases and LSP masses in gluino decay; Higgs production and detection; flavor and CP violation in b → sγ processes; signature of cold dark matter in the cosmic rays. Potential ambiguities in the process of recovering the high energy effective Lagrangian from low energy data are discussed. A new basis, which is explicitly independent of unphysical parameters, is proposed to write the renormalization group equations. After a brief survey of some basic issues of string theory phenomenology, a string theory motivated Pati-Salam like model is const...
A constrained supersymmetric left-right model
Hirsch, Martin; Opferkuch, Toby; Porod, Werner; Staub, Florian
2016-01-01
We present a supersymmetric left-right model which predicts gauge coupling unification close to the string scale and extra vector bosons at the TeV scale. The subtleties in constructing a model which is in agreement with the measured quark masses and mixing for such a low left-right breaking scale are discussed. It is shown that in the constrained version of this model radiative breaking of the gauge symmetries is possible and a SM-like Higgs is obtained. Additional CP-even scalars of a similar mass or even much lighter are possible. The expected mass hierarchies for the supersymmetric states differ clearly from those of the constrained MSSM. In particular, the lightest down-type squark, which is a mixture of the sbottom and extra vector-like states, is always lighter than the stop. We also comment on the model's capability to explain current anomalies observed at the LHC.
A supersymmetric consistent truncation for conifold solutions
Cassani, Davide
2010-01-01
We establish a supersymmetric consistent truncation of type IIB supergravity on the T^{1,1} coset space, based on extending the Papadopoulos-Tseytlin ansatz to the full set of SU(2)xSU(2) invariant Kaluza-Klein modes. The five-dimensional model is a gauged N=4 supergravity with three vector multiplets, which incorporates various conifold solutions and is suitable for the study of their dynamics. By analysing the scalar potential we find a family of new non-supersymmetric AdS_5 extrema interpolating between a solution obtained long ago by Romans and a solution employing an Einstein metric on T^{1,1} different from the standard one. Finally, we discuss some simple consistent subtruncations preserving N=2 supersymmetry. One of them is compatible with the inclusion of smeared D7-branes.
Phenomenology of the Utilitarian Supersymmetric Standard Model
Fraser, Sean; Ma, Ernest; Pollard, Nicholas; Popov, Oleg; Zakeri, Mohammadreza
2016-01-01
We study the 2010 specific version of the 2002 proposed $U(1)_X$ extension of the supersymmetric standard model, which has no $\\mu$ term and conserves baryon number and lepton number separately and automatically. We consider in detail the scalar sector as well as the extra $Z_X$ gauge boson, and their interactions with the necessary extra color-triplet particles of this model, which behave as leptoquarks. We show how the diphoton excess at 750 GeV, recently observed at the LHC, may be explained within this context. We identify a new fermion dark-matter candidate and discuss its properties. An important byproduct of this study is the discovery of relaxed supersymmetric constraints on the Higgs boson's mass of 125 GeV.
Phenomenology of the utilitarian supersymmetric standard model
Fraser, Sean; Kownacki, Corey; Ma, Ernest; Pollard, Nicholas; Popov, Oleg; Zakeri, Mohammadreza
2016-08-01
We study the 2010 specific version of the 2002 proposed U(1)X extension of the supersymmetric standard model, which has no μ term and conserves baryon number and lepton number separately and automatically. We consider in detail the scalar sector as well as the extra ZX gauge boson, and their interactions with the necessary extra color-triplet particles of this model, which behave as leptoquarks. We show how the diphoton excess at 750 GeV, recently observed at the LHC, may be explained within this context. We identify a new fermion dark-matter candidate and discuss its properties. An important byproduct of this study is the discovery of relaxed supersymmetric constraints on the Higgs boson's mass of 125 GeV.
Supersymmetric QCD: Exact Results and Strong Coupling
Dine, Michael; Pack, Lawrence; Park, Chang-Soon; Ubaldi, Lorenzo; Wu, Weitao
2011-01-01
We revisit two longstanding puzzles in supersymmetric gauge theories. The first concerns the question of the holomorphy of the coupling, and related to this the possible definition of an exact (NSVZ) beta function. The second concerns instantons in pure gluodynamics, which appear to give sensible, exact results for certain correlation functions, which nonetheless differ from those obtained using systematic weak coupling expansions. For the first question, we extend an earlier proposal of Arkani-Hamed and Murayama, showing that if their regulated action is written suitably, the holomorphy of the couplings is manifest, and it is easy to determine the renormalization scheme for which the NSVZ formula holds. This scheme, however, is seen to be one of an infinite class of schemes, each leading to an exact beta function; the NSVZ scheme, while simple, is not selected by any compelling physical consideration. For the second question, we explain why the instanton computation in the pure supersymmetric gauge theory is...
Selecting Supersymmetric String Scenarios From Sparticle Spectra
Allanach, Benjamin C; Quevedo, Fernando
2002-01-01
We approach the following question: if supersymmetry is discovered, how can we select among different supersymmetric extensions of the Standard Model? In particular, we perform an analysis of the sparticle spectrum in low-energy string effective theories, asking which observables best distinguish various scenarios. We examine scenarios differing by the fundamental string scale and concentrate on GUT and intermediate scale models. We scan over all parameters (two goldstino angles, tan beta and the gravitino mass) in each scenario, finding ratios of sparticle masses that provide the maximum discrimination between them. The necessary accuracy for discrimination is determined in each case. We find that the required accuracy on various sparticle mass ratios is at the few percent level, a precision that may be achieved in future linear colliders. We place phenomenological constraints on the parameter space and determine the supersymmetric contribution to the muon anomalous magnetic moment.
Galoisian Approach to Supersymmetric Quantum Mechanics
Acosta-Humanez, Primitivo B
2009-01-01
This thesis is concerning to the Differential Galois Theory point of view of the Supersymmetric Quantum Mechanics. The main object considered here is the non-relativistic stationary Schr\\"odinger equation, specially the integrable cases in the sense of the Picard-Vessiot theory and the main algorithmic tools used here are the Kovacic algorithm and the \\emph{algebrization method} to obtain linear differential equations with rational coefficients. We analyze the Darboux transformations, Crum iterations and supersymmetric quantum mechanics with their \\emph{algebrized} versions from a Galoisian approach. Applying the algebrization method and the Kovacic's algorithm we obtain the ground state, the set of eigenvalues, eigenfunctions, the differential Galois groups and eigenrings of some Schr\\"odinger equation with potentials such as exactly solvable and shape invariant potentials. Finally, we introduce one methodology to find exactly solvable potentials: to construct other potentials, we apply the algebrization alg...
The gravitino problem in supersymmetric warm inflation
Sanchez, Juan C Bueno; Berera, Arjun; Dimopoulos, Konstantinos; Kohri, Kazunori
2010-01-01
The warm inflation paradigm considers the continuous production of radiation during inflation due to dissipative effects. In its strong dissipation limit, warm inflation gives way to a radiation dominated Universe. High scale inflation then yields a high reheating temperature, which then poses a severe gravitino overproduction problem for the supersymmetric realisations of warm inflation. In this paper we show that in certain class of supersymmetric models the dissipative dynamics of the inflaton is such that the field can avoid its complete decay after inflation. In some cases, the residual energy density stored in the field oscillations may come to dominate over the radiation bath at a later epoch. If the inflaton field finally decays much later than the onset of the matter dominated phase, the entropy produced in its decay may be sufficient to counteract the excess of gravitinos produced during the last stages of warm inflation.
Supersymmetric composite gauge fields with compensators
Nishino, Hitoshi; Rajpoot, Subhash
2016-06-01
We study supersymmetric composite gauge theory, supplemented with compensator mechanism. As our first example, we give the formulation of N = 1 supersymmetric non-Abelian composite gauge theory without the kinetic term of a non-Abelian gauge field. The important ingredient is the Proca-Stueckelberg-type compensator scalar field that makes the gauge-boson field equation non-singular, i.e., the field equation can be solved for the gauge field algebraically as a perturbative expansion. As our second example, we perform the gauging of chiral-symmetry for N = 1 supersymmetry in four dimensions by a composite gauge field. These results provide supporting evidence for the consistency of the mechanism that combines the composite gauge field formulations and compensator formulations, all unified under supersymmetry.
Flavor Mixing Phenomenology in Supersymmetric Models
Rehman, Muhammad
2016-01-01
This dissertation investigates the flavor mixing effects in supersymmetric models on electroweak precision observables, Higgs boson mass predictions, B-physics observables, quark flavor violating Higgs decays, lepton flavor violating charged lepton decays and lepton flavor violating Higgs decays. The flavor mixing effects are studied in model independent way i.e. by putting off-diagonal entries in the sfermion mass matrix by hand as well as in the minimal flavor violating constrained MSSM, where mixing can originate from CKM matrix in the case of squarks and from PMNS matrix in the case of sleptons. We found that flavor mixing can have large impact to some observables, enabling us to put new constraints on parameter space in supersymmetric models.
Topological solitons in the supersymmetric Skyrme model
Gudnason, Sven Bjarke; Sasaki, Shin
2016-01-01
A supersymmetric extension of the Skyrme model was obtained recently, which consists of only the Skyrme term in the Nambu-Goldstone (pion) sector complemented by the same number of quasi-Nambu-Goldstone bosons. Scherk-Schwarz dimensional reduction yields a kinetic term in three or lower dimensions and a potential term in two dimensions, preserving supersymmetry. Euclidean solitons (instantons) are constructed in the supersymmetric Skyrme model. In four dimensions, the soliton is an instanton first found by Speight. Scherk-Schwarz dimensional reduction is then performed once to get a 3-dimensional theory in which a 3d Skyrmion-instanton is found and then once more to get a 2d theory in which a 2d vortex-instanton is obtained. Although the last one is a global vortex it has finite action in contrast to conventional theory. All of them are non-BPS states breaking all supersymmetries.
Matrix Models, Topological Strings, and Supersymmetric Gauge Theories
Dijkgraaf, R; Dijkgraaf, Robbert; Vafa, Cumrun
2002-01-01
We show that B-model topological strings on local Calabi-Yau threefolds are large N duals of matrix models, which in the planar limit naturally give rise to special geometry. These matrix models directly compute F-terms in an associated N=1 supersymmetric gauge theory, obtained by deforming N=2 theories by a superpotential term that can be directly identified with the potential of the matrix model. Moreover by tuning some of the parameters of the geometry in a double scaling limit we recover (p,q) conformal minimal models coupled to 2d gravity, thereby relating non-critical string theories to type II superstrings on Calabi-Yau backgrounds.
Matrix models, topological strings, and supersymmetric gauge theories
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Dijkgraaf, Robbert E-mail: rhd@science.uva.nl; Vafa, Cumrun
2002-11-11
We show that B-model topological strings on local Calabi-Yau threefolds are large-N duals of matrix models, which in the planar limit naturally give rise to special geometry. These matrix models directly compute F-terms in an associated N=1 supersymmetric gauge theory, obtained by deforming N=2 theories by a superpotential term that can be directly identified with the potential of the matrix model. Moreover by tuning some of the parameters of the geometry in a double scaling limit we recover (p,q) conformal minimal models coupled to 2d gravity, thereby relating non-critical string theories to type II superstrings on Calabi-Yau backgrounds.
A Free N = 2 Supersymmetric System: Novel Symmetries
Krishna, S
2014-01-01
We discuss a set of novel discrete symmetries of a free N = 2 supersymmetric (SUSY) quantum mechanical system which is the limiting case of a widely-studied interacting SUSY model of a charged particle constrained to move on a sphere in the background of a Dirac magnetic monopole. The usual continuous symmetries of this model provide the physical realization of the de Rham cohomological operators of differential geometry. The interplay between the novel discrete symmetries and usual continuous symmetries leads to the physical realization of relationship between the (co-)exterior derivatives of differential geometry. We have also exploited the supervariable approach to derive the nilpotent N = 2 SUSY symmetries of the theory and provided the geometrical origin and interpretation for the nilpotency property. Ultimately, our present study (based on innate symmetries) proves that our free N = 2 SUSY example is a tractable model for the Hodge theory.
Hot-warm unstable supersymmetric dark matter and galaxy formation
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Asselin, X.; Girardi, G.; Salati, P.; Blanchard, A.
1988-12-12
Recent observational results had lead to a revival of interest in neutrino-dominated universe. However, we recall that current constraints make the neutrino an unlikely candidate for the dark matter. In this paper, we show that a supersymmetric particle with a typical mass of a few tens of eV will be a much better candidate. Such a particle is radiatively unstable, and its lifetime is a few times larger than the age of the universe. This can drastically change the thermal history of the universe. We investigate in detail the heating of the intergalactic medium in the period z=100-z=10. In particular, we find that the universe can be fully reionized for lifetime less than or equal to 10/sup 24/. This, in turn, lowers the level of temperature fluctuations of the background radiation. We conclude that this model avoids the major problems of the neutrino picture.
An Interacting N = 2 Supersymmetric Quantum Mechanical Model: Novel Symmetries
Krishna, S; Malik, R P
2015-01-01
We demonstrate the existence of a set of novel discrete symmetry transformations in the case of an interacting N = 2 supersymmetric quantum mechanical model of a system of an electron moving on a sphere in the background of a magnetic monopole and establish its interpretation in the language of differential geometry. These discrete symmetries are, over and above, the usual three continuous symmetries of the theory which together provide the physical realization of the de Rham cohomological operators of differential geometry. We derive the nilpotent N = 2 SUSY transformations by exploiting our idea of supervariable approach and provide geometrical meaning to these transformations in the language of Grassmannian translational generators on a (1, 2)-dimensional supermanifold on which our N = 2 SUSY quantum mechanical model is generalized. We express the conserved supercharges and the invariance of the Lagrangian in terms of the supervariables, obtained after the imposition of the SUSY invariant restrictions, and...
Planar Gravitational Corrections For Supersymmetric Gauge Theories
Dijkgraaf, R; Ooguri, H; Vafa, C; Zanon, D
2004-01-01
In this paper we discuss the contribution of planar diagrams to gravitational F-terms for N=1 supersymmetric gauge theories admitting a large N description. We show how the planar diagrams lead to a universal contribution at the extremum of the glueball superpotential, leaving only the genus one contributions, as was previously conjectured. We also discuss the physical meaning of gravitational F-terms.
Approximate Flavor Symmetry in Supersymmetric Model
Tao, Zhijian
1998-01-01
We investigate the maximal approximate flavor symmetry in the framework of generic minimal supersymmetric standard model. We consider the low energy effective theory of the flavor physics with all the possible operators included. Spontaneous flavor symmetry breaking leads to the approximate flavor symmetry in Yukawa sector and the supersymmetry breaking sector. Fermion mass and mixing hierachies are the results of the hierachy of the flavor symmetry breaking. It is found that in this theory i...
Utilitarian Supersymmetric Gauge Model of Particle Interactions
Ma, Ernest
2010-01-01
A remarkable U(1) gauge extension of the supersymmetric standard model was proposed eight years ago. It is anomaly-free, has no mu term, and conserves baryon and lepton numbers automatically. The phenomenology of a specific version of this model is discussed. In particular, leptoquarks are predicted, with couplings to the heavy singlet neutrinos, the scalar partners of which may be components of dark matter. The Majorana neutrino mass matrix itself may have two zero subdeterminants.
Renormalizable supersymmetric gauge theory in six dimensions
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ivanov, E.A. [Bogoliubov Laboratory of Theoretical Physics, JINR, 141980 Dubna (Russian Federation)]. E-mail: eivanov@theor.jinr.ru; Smilga, A.V. [SUBATECH, Universite de Nantes, 4 rue Alfred Kastler, BP 20722, Nantes 44307 (France)]. E-mail: smilga@subatech.in2p3.fr; Zupnik, B.M. [Bogoliubov Laboratory of Theoretical Physics, JINR, 141980 Dubna (Russian Federation)]. E-mail: zupnik@theor.jinr.ru
2005-10-17
We construct and discuss a 6D supersymmetric gauge theory involving four derivatives in the action. The theory involves a dimensionless coupling constant and is renormalizable. At the tree level, it enjoys N=(1,0) superconformal symmetry, but the latter is broken by quantum anomaly. Our study should be considered as preparatory for seeking an extended version of this theory which would hopefully preserve conformal symmetry at the full quantum level and be ultraviolet-finite.
Supersymmetric solutions for non-relativistic holography
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Donos, Aristomenis [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany); Gauntlett, Jerome P. [Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College, London (United Kingdom)]|[Institute for Mathematical Sciences, Imperial College, London (United Kingdom)
2009-01-15
We construct families of supersymmetric solutions of type IIB and D=11 supergravity that are invariant under the non-relativistic conformal algebra for various values of dynamical exponent z{>=}4 and z{>=}3, respectively. The solutions are based on five- and seven-dimensional Sasaki-Einstein manifolds and generalise the known solutions with dynamical exponent z=4 for the type IIB case and z=3 for the D=11 case, respectively. (orig.)
Simple supersymmetric methods in neutron diffusion
1996-01-01
We present the supersymmetric Witten and double Darboux (strictly isospectral) constructions as applied to the diffusion of thermal neutrons from an infinitely long line source. While the Witten construction is just a mathematical scheme, the double Darboux method introduces a one-parameter family of diffusion solutions which are strictly isospectral to the stationary solution. They correspond to a Darboux-transformed diffusion length which is flux dependent
Bosonic structure of realistic SO(10) supersymmetric cosmic strings
Allys, Erwan
2016-05-01
We study the bosonic structure of F -term Nambu-Goto cosmic strings forming in a realistic SO(10) implementation, assuming standard hybrid inflation. We describe the supersymmetric grand unified theory, and its spontaneous symmetry breaking scheme in parallel with the inflationary process. We also write the explicit tensor formulation of its scalar sector, focusing on the subrepresentations singlet under the standard model, which is sufficient to describe the string structure. We then introduce an ansatz for Abelian cosmic strings, discussing in details the hypothesis, and write down the field equations and boundary conditions. Finally, after doing a perturbative study of the model, we present and discuss the results obtained with numerical solutions of the string structure.
Beyond the supersymmetric standard model
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Hall, L.J.
1988-02-01
The possibility of baryon number violation at the weak scale and an alternative primordial nucleosynthesis scheme arising from the decay of gravitations are discussed. The minimal low energy supergravity model is defined and a few of its features are described. Renormalization group scaling and flavor physics are mentioned.
Cosmological consequences of supersymmetric flat directions
Riva, Francesco; Sarkar, Subir; Giudice, Gian
In this work we analyze various implications of the presence of large field vacum expectation values (VEVs) along supersymmetric flat direct ions during the early universe. First, we discuss supersymmetric leptogenesis and the grav itino bound. Supersym- metric thermal leptogenesis with a hierarchical right-han ded neutrino mass spectrum normally requires the mass of the lightest right-handed neu trino to be heavier than about 10 9 GeV. This is in conflict with the upper bound on the reheating t empera- ture which is found by imposing that the gravitinos generate d during the reheating stage after inflation do not jeopardize successful nucleosy nthesis. We show that a solution to this tension is actually already incorporated i n the framework, because of the presence of flat directions in the supersymmetric scalar potential. Massive right- handed neutrinos are efficiently produced non-thermally and the observed baryon asymmetry can be explained even for a reheating temperature respecting the grav- itino bound...
Non-supersymmetric Orientifolds of Gepner Models
Gato-Rivera, B
2008-01-01
Starting from a previously collected set of tachyon-free closed strings, we search for N=2 minimal model orientifold spectra which contain the standard model and are free of tachyons and tadpoles at lowest order. For each class of tachyon-free closed strings -- bulk supersymmetry, automorphism invariants or Klein bottle projection -- we do indeed find non-supersymmetric and tachyon free chiral brane configurations that contain the standard model. However, a tadpole-cancelling hidden sector could only be found in the case of bulk supersymmetry. Although about half of the examples we have found make use of branes that break the bulk space-time supersymmetry, the resulting massless open string spectra are nevertheless supersymmetric in all cases. Dropping the requirement that the standard model be contained in the spectrum, we find chiral tachyon and tadpole-free solutions in all three cases, although in the case of bulk supersymmetry all massless spectra are supersymmetric. In the other two cases we find truly ...
Likelihood Analysis of Supersymmetric SU(5) GUTs
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bagnaschi, E. [DESY; Costa, J. C. [Imperial Coll., London; Sakurai, K. [Warsaw U.; Borsato, M. [Santiago de Compostela U.; Buchmueller, O. [Imperial Coll., London; Cavanaugh, R. [Illinois U., Chicago; Chobanova, V. [Santiago de Compostela U.; Citron, M. [Imperial Coll., London; De Roeck, A. [Antwerp U.; Dolan, M. J. [Melbourne U.; Ellis, J. R. [King' s Coll. London; Flächer, H. [Bristol U.; Heinemeyer, S. [Madrid, IFT; Isidori, G. [Zurich U.; Lucio, M. [Santiago de Compostela U.; Martínez Santos, D. [Santiago de Compostela U.; Olive, K. A. [Minnesota U., Theor. Phys. Inst.; Richards, A. [Imperial Coll., London; de Vries, K. J. [Imperial Coll., London; Weiglein, G. [DESY
2016-10-31
We perform a likelihood analysis of the constraints from accelerator experiments and astrophysical observations on supersymmetric (SUSY) models with SU(5) boundary conditions on soft SUSY-breaking parameters at the GUT scale. The parameter space of the models studied has 7 parameters: a universal gaugino mass $m_{1/2}$, distinct masses for the scalar partners of matter fermions in five- and ten-dimensional representations of SU(5), $m_5$ and $m_{10}$, and for the $\\mathbf{5}$ and $\\mathbf{\\bar 5}$ Higgs representations $m_{H_u}$ and $m_{H_d}$, a universal trilinear soft SUSY-breaking parameter $A_0$, and the ratio of Higgs vevs $\\tan \\beta$. In addition to previous constraints from direct sparticle searches, low-energy and flavour observables, we incorporate constraints based on preliminary results from 13 TeV LHC searches for jets + MET events and long-lived particles, as well as the latest PandaX-II and LUX searches for direct Dark Matter detection. In addition to previously-identified mechanisms for bringing the supersymmetric relic density into the range allowed by cosmology, we identify a novel ${\\tilde u_R}/{\\tilde c_R} - \\tilde{\\chi}^0_1$ coannihilation mechanism that appears in the supersymmetric SU(5) GUT model and discuss the role of ${\\tilde \
Shortening Anomalies in Supersymmetric Theories
Gomis, Jaume; Ooguri, Hirosi; Seiberg, Nathan; Wang, Yifan
2016-01-01
We present new anomalies in two-dimensional ${\\mathcal N} =(2, 2)$ superconformal theories. They obstruct the shortening conditions of chiral and twisted chiral multiplets at coincident points. This implies that marginal couplings cannot be promoted to background super-fields in short representations. Therefore, standard results that follow from ${\\mathcal N} =(2, 2)$ spurion analysis are invalidated. These anomalies appear only if supersymmetry is enhanced beyond ${\\mathcal N} =(2, 2)$. These anomalies explain why the conformal manifolds of the K3 and $T^4$ sigma models are not K\\"ahler and do not factorize into chiral and twisted chiral moduli spaces and why there are no ${\\mathcal N} =(2, 2)$ gauged linear sigma models that cover these conformal manifolds. We also present these results from the point of view of the Riemann curvature of conformal manifolds.
Geometry and duality in Supersymmetric $\\sigma$-Models
Curtright, T L; Zachos, C K; Curtright, Thomas; Uematsu, Tsuneo; Zachos, Cosmas
1996-01-01
The Supersymmetric Dual Sigma Model (SDSM) is a local field theory introduced to be nonlocally equivalent to the Supersymmetric Chiral nonlinear sigma-Model (SCM), this dual equivalence being proven by explicit canonical transformation in tangent space. This model is here reconstructed in superspace and identified as a chiral-entwined supersymmetrization of the Dual Sigma Model (DSM). This analysis sheds light on the Boson-Fermion Symphysis of the dual transition, and on the new geometry of the DSM.
Bilinear approach to N=2 supersymmetric KdV equations
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
2009-01-01
The N=2 supersymmetric KdV equations are studied within the framework of Hirota bilinear method. For two such equations, namely N=2, a=4 and N=2, a=1 supersymmetric KdV equations, we obtain the corresponding bilinear formulations. Using them, we construct particular solutions for both cases. In particular, a bilinear Bcklund transformation is given for the N=2, a=1 supersymmetric KdV equation.
Vertex Operators for Irregular Conformal Blocks: Supersymmetric Case
Polyakov, Dimitri
2016-01-01
We construct supersymmetric irregular vertex operators of arbitrary rank, appearing in the colliding limit of primary fields. We find that the structure of the supersymmetric irregular vertices differs significantly from the bosonic case: upon supersymmetrization, the irregular operators are no longer the eigenstates of positive Virasoro and $W_N$ generators but block-diagonalize them. We relate the block-diagonal structure of the irregular vertices to contributions of the Ramond sector to the colliding limit.
Dark radiation and dark matter in supersymmetric axion models with high reheating temperature
Graf, Peter; Steffen, Frank Daniel
2013-01-01
Recent studies of the cosmic microwave background, large scale structure, and big bang nucleosynthesis (BBN) show trends towards extra radiation. Within the framework of supersymmetric hadronic axion models, we explore two high-reheating-temperature scenarios that can explain consistently extra radiation and cold dark matter (CDM), with the latter residing either in gravitinos or in axions. In the gravitino CDM case, axions from decays of thermal saxions provide extra radiation already prior ...
On supersymmetric solutions in D = 11 supergravity with Ricci-flat internal spaces
Ivashchuk, V D
2000-01-01
An introduction to supersymmetric (SUSY) solutions defined on the product of Ricci-flat spaces in D= 11 supergravity is presented. The paper contains some background information: (i) decomposition relations for SUSY equations and (ii) 2^{-k}-splitting theorem that explains the appearance of N = 2^{-k} fractional supersymmetries. Examples of M2 and M5 branes on the product of two Ricci-flat spaces are considered and formulae for (fractional) numbers of unbroken SUSY are obtained.
Supersymmetric gauge theories, intersecting branes and free fermions
Dijkgraaf, Robbert; Hollands, Lotte; Sułkowski, Piotr; Vafa, Cumrun
2008-02-01
We show that various holomorphic quantities in supersymmetric gauge theories can be conveniently computed by configurations of D4-branes and D6-branes. These D-branes intersect along a Riemann surface that is described by a holomorphic curve in a complex surface. The resulting I-brane carries two-dimensional chiral fermions on its world-volume. This system can be mapped directly to the topological string on a large class of non-compact Calabi-Yau manifolds. Inclusion of the string coupling constant corresponds to turning on a constant B-field on the complex surface, which makes this space non-commutative. Including all string loop corrections the free fermion theory is elegantly formulated in terms of holonomic D-modules that replace the classical holomorphic curve in the quantum case.
Supersymmetric Gauge Theories, Intersecting Branes and Free Fermions
Dijkgraaf, Robbert; Sulkowski, Piotr; Vafa, Cumrun
2008-01-01
We show that various holomorphic quantities in supersymmetric gauge theories can be conveniently computed by configurations of D4-branes and D6-branes. These D-branes intersect along a Riemann surface that is described by a holomorphic curve in a complex surface. The resulting I-brane carries two-dimensional chiral fermions on its world-volume. This system can be mapped directly to the topological string on a large class of non-compact Calabi-Yau manifolds. Inclusion of the string coupling constant corresponds to turning on a constant B-field on the complex surface, which makes this space non-commutative. Including all string loop corrections the free fermion theory is elegantly formulated in terms of holonomic D-modules that replace the classical holomorphic curve in the quantum case.
Duality and Superconvergence Relation in Supersymmetric Gauge Theories
Tachibana, M
1998-01-01
We investigate the phase structures of various N=1 supersymmetric gauge theories including even the exceptional gauge group from the viewpoint of superconvergence of the gauge field propagator. Especially we analyze in detail whether a new type of duality recently discovered by Oehme in $SU(N_c)$ gauge theory coupled to fundamental matter fields can be found in more general gauge theories with more general matter representations or not. The result is that in the cases of theories including matter fields in only the fundamental representation, Oehme's duality holds but otherwise it does not. In the former case, superconvergence relation might give good criterion to describe the interacting non-Abelian Coulomb phase without using some information from dual magnetic theory.
Non-minimal quartic inflation in supersymmetric SO(10)
Leontaris, George K.; Okada, Nobuchika; Shafi, Qaisar
2017-02-01
We describe how quartic (λϕ4) inflation with non-minimal coupling to gravity is realized in realistic supersymmetric SO (10) models. In a well-motivated example the 16 - 16 ‾ Higgs multiplets, which break SO (10) to SU (5) and yield masses for the right-handed neutrinos, provide the inflaton field ϕ. Thus, leptogenesis is a natural outcome in this class of SO (10) models. Moreover, the adjoint (45-plet) Higgs also acquires a GUT scale value during inflation so that the monopole problem is evaded. The scalar spectral index ns is in good agreement with the observations and r, the tensor to scalar ratio, is predicted for realistic values of GUT parameters to be of order 10-3-10-2.
Deformation of supersymmetric and conformal quantum mechanics through affine transformations
Spiridonov, Vyacheslav
1993-01-01
Affine transformations (dilatations and translations) are used to define a deformation of one-dimensional N = 2 supersymmetric quantum mechanics. Resulting physical systems do not have conserved charges and degeneracies in the spectra. Instead, superpartner Hamiltonians are q-isospectral, i.e. the spectrum of one can be obtained from another (with possible exception of the lowest level) by q(sup 2)-factor scaling. This construction allows easily to rederive a special self-similar potential found by Shabat and to show that for the latter a q-deformed harmonic oscillator algebra of Biedenharn and Macfarlane serves as the spectrum generating algebra. A general class of potentials related to the quantum conformal algebra su(sub q)(1,1) is described. Further possibilities for q-deformation of known solvable potentials are outlined.
Likelihood analysis of supersymmetric SU(5) GUTs
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bagnaschi, E. [DESY, Hamburg (Germany); Costa, J.C. [Imperial College, London (United Kingdom). Blackett Lab.; Sakurai, K. [Durham Univ. (United Kingdom). Inst. for Particle Physics Phenomonology; Warsaw Univ. (Poland). Inst. of Theoretical Physics; Collaboration: MasterCode Collaboration; and others
2016-10-15
We perform a likelihood analysis of the constraints from accelerator experiments and astrophysical observations on supersymmetric (SUSY) models with SU(5) boundary conditions on soft SUSY-breaking parameters at the GUT scale. The parameter space of the models studied has 7 parameters: a universal gaugino mass m{sub 1/2}, distinct masses for the scalar partners of matter fermions in five- and ten-dimensional representations of SU(5), m{sub 5} and m{sub 10}, and for the 5 and anti 5 Higgs representations m{sub H{sub u}} and m{sub H{sub d}}, a universal trilinear soft SUSY-breaking parameter A{sub 0}, and the ratio of Higgs vevs tan β. In addition to previous constraints from direct sparticle searches, low-energy and avour observables, we incorporate constraints based on preliminary results from 13 TeV LHC searches for jets+E{sub T} events and long-lived particles, as well as the latest PandaX-II and LUX searches for direct Dark Matter detection. In addition to previously-identified mechanisms for bringing the supersymmetric relic density into the range allowed by cosmology, we identify a novel u{sub R}/c{sub R}-χ{sup 0}{sub 1} coannihilation mechanism that appears in the supersymmetric SU(5) GUT model and discuss the role of ν{sub T} coannihilation. We find complementarity between the prospects for direct Dark Matter detection and SUSY searches at the LHC.
Likelihood analysis of supersymmetric SU(5) GUTs
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bagnaschi, E.; Weiglein, G. [DESY, Hamburg (Germany); Costa, J.C.; Buchmueller, O.; Citron, M.; Richards, A.; De Vries, K.J. [Imperial College, High Energy Physics Group, Blackett Laboratory, London (United Kingdom); Sakurai, K. [University of Durham, Science Laboratories, Department of Physics, Institute for Particle Physics Phenomenology, Durham (United Kingdom); University of Warsaw, Faculty of Physics, Institute of Theoretical Physics, Warsaw (Poland); Borsato, M.; Chobanova, V.; Lucio, M.; Martinez Santos, D. [Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, Santiago de Compostela (Spain); Cavanaugh, R. [Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, Batavia, IL (United States); University of Illinois at Chicago, Physics Department, Chicago, IL (United States); Roeck, A. de [CERN, Experimental Physics Department, Geneva (Switzerland); Antwerp University, Wilrijk (Belgium); Dolan, M.J. [University of Melbourne, ARC Centre of Excellence for Particle Physics at the Terascale, School of Physics, Parkville (Australia); Ellis, J.R. [King' s College London, Theoretical Particle Physics and Cosmology Group, Department of Physics, London (United Kingdom); Theoretical Physics Department, CERN, Geneva 23 (Switzerland); Flaecher, H. [University of Bristol, H.H. Wills Physics Laboratory, Bristol (United Kingdom); Heinemeyer, S. [Campus of International Excellence UAM+CSIC, Cantoblanco, Madrid (Spain); Instituto de Fisica Teorica UAM-CSIC, Madrid (Spain); Instituto de Fisica de Cantabria (CSIC-UC), Santander (Spain); Isidori, G. [Universitaet Zuerich, Physik-Institut, Zurich (Switzerland); Olive, K.A. [University of Minnesota, William I. Fine Theoretical Physics Institute, School of Physics and Astronomy, Minneapolis, MN (United States)
2017-02-15
We perform a likelihood analysis of the constraints from accelerator experiments and astrophysical observations on supersymmetric (SUSY) models with SU(5) boundary conditions on soft SUSY-breaking parameters at the GUT scale. The parameter space of the models studied has seven parameters: a universal gaugino mass m{sub 1/2}, distinct masses for the scalar partners of matter fermions in five- and ten-dimensional representations of SU(5), m{sub 5} and m{sub 10}, and for the 5 and anti 5 Higgs representations m{sub H{sub u}} and m{sub H{sub d}}, a universal trilinear soft SUSY-breaking parameter A{sub 0}, and the ratio of Higgs vevs tan β. In addition to previous constraints from direct sparticle searches, low-energy and flavour observables, we incorporate constraints based on preliminary results from 13 TeV LHC searches for jets + E{sub T} events and long-lived particles, as well as the latest PandaX-II and LUX searches for direct Dark Matter detection. In addition to previously identified mechanisms for bringing the supersymmetric relic density into the range allowed by cosmology, we identify a novel u{sub R}/c{sub R} - χ{sup 0}{sub 1} coannihilation mechanism that appears in the supersymmetric SU(5) GUT model and discuss the role of ν{sub τ} coannihilation. We find complementarity between the prospects for direct Dark Matter detection and SUSY searches at the LHC. (orig.)
Counting Trees in Supersymmetric Quantum Mechanics
Cordova, Clay
2015-01-01
We study the supersymmetric ground states of the Kronecker model of quiver quantum mechanics. This is the simplest quiver with two gauge groups and bifundamental matter fields, and appears universally in four-dimensional N=2 systems. The ground state degeneracy may be written as a multi-dimensional contour integral, and the enumeration of poles can be simply phrased as counting bipartite trees. We solve this combinatorics problem, thereby obtaining exact formulas for the degeneracies of an infinite class of models. We also develop an algorithm to compute the angular momentum of the ground states, and present explicit expressions for the refined indices of theories where one rank is small.
Supersymmetric black holes in string theory
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Mohaupt, T. [Theoretical Physics Division, Department of Mathematical Sciences, University of Liverpool, Peach Street, Liverpool L69 7ZL (United Kingdom)
2007-05-15
We review recent developments concerning supersymmetric black holes in string theory. After a general introduction to the laws of black hole mechanics and to black hole entropy in string theory, we discuss black hole solutions in N=2 supergravity, special geometry, the black hole attractor equations and the underlying variational principle. Special attention is payed to the crucial role of higher derivative corrections. Finally we discuss black hole partition functions and their relation with the topological string, mainly from the supergravity perspective. We summarize the state of art and discuss various open questions and problems. (Abstract Copyright [2007], Wiley Periodicals, Inc.)
BiHermitian supersymmetric quantum mechanics
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Zucchini, Roberto [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita degli Studi di Bologna, V Irnerio 46, I-40126 Bologna (Italy)
2007-04-21
BiHermitian geometry, discovered long ago by Gates, Hull and Rocek, is the most general sigma model target space geometry allowing for (2, 2) world sheet supersymmetry. In this paper, we work out supersymmetric quantum mechanics for a biHermitian target space. We display the full supersymmetry of the model and illustrate in detail its quantization procedure. Finally, we show that the quantized model reproduces the Hodge theory for compact twisted generalized Kaehler manifolds recently developed by Gualtieri. This allows us to recover and put in a broader context the results on the biHermitian topological sigma models obtained by Kapustin and Li.
BiHermitian Supersymmetric Quantum Mechanics
Zucchini, R
2006-01-01
BiHermitian geometry, discovered long ago by Gates, Hull and Rocek, is the most general sigma model target space geometry allowing for (2,2) world sheet supersymmetry. In this paper, we work out supersymmetric quantum mechanics for a biHermitian target space. We display the full supersymmetry of the model and illustrate in detail its quantization procedure. Finally, we show that the quantized model reproduces the Hodge theory for compact twisted generalized Kaehler manifolds recently developed by Gualtieri. This allows us to recover and put in a broader context the results on the biHermitian topological sigma models obtained by Kapustin and Li.
Supersymmetric structure of the induced $W$ gravities
Ader, J P; Noirot, Y; Ader, Jean-Pierre; Biet, Franck; Noirot, Yves
1999-01-01
We derive the supersymmetric structure present in W-gravities which has been already observed in various contexts as Yang-Mills theory, topological field theories, bosonic string and chiral W_{3}-gravity. This derivation which is made in the geometrical framework of Zucchini, necessitates the introduction of an appropriate new basis of variables which replace the canonical fields and their derivatives. This construction is used, in the W_{2}-case, to deduce from the Chern-Simons action the Wess-Zumino-Polyakov action.
BiHermitian supersymmetric quantum mechanics
Zucchini, Roberto
2007-04-01
BiHermitian geometry, discovered long ago by Gates, Hull and Rocek, is the most general sigma model target space geometry allowing for (2, 2) world sheet supersymmetry. In this paper, we work out supersymmetric quantum mechanics for a biHermitian target space. We display the full supersymmetry of the model and illustrate in detail its quantization procedure. Finally, we show that the quantized model reproduces the Hodge theory for compact twisted generalized Kähler manifolds recently developed by Gualtieri in [33]. This allows us to recover and put in a broader context the results on the biHermitian topological sigma models obtained by Kapustin and Li in [9].
Singularity Structure of Maximally Supersymmetric Scattering Amplitudes
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Arkani-Hamed, Nima; Bourjaily, Jacob L.; Cachazo, Freddy
2014-01-01
We present evidence that loop amplitudes in maximally supersymmetric (N=4) Yang-Mills theory (SYM) beyond the planar limit share some of the remarkable structures of the planar theory. In particular, we show that through two loops, the four-particle amplitude in full N=4 SYM has only logarithmic ...... singularities and is free of any poles at infinity—properties closely related to uniform transcendentality and the UV finiteness of the theory. We also briefly comment on implications for maximal (N=8) supergravity theory (SUGRA)....
Particle astrophysics of nonlinear supersymmetric general relativity
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Shima, K.; Tsuda, M. [Laboratory of Physics, Saitama Institute of Technology, Fukaya, Saitama (Japan)
2009-05-15
An explanation of relations between the large scale structure of the universe and the tiny scale structure of the particle physics, e.g. the observed mysterious relation between the (dark) energy density and the dark matter of the universe and the neutrino mass and the SUSY breaking mass scale of the particle physics may be given by the nonlinear supersymmetric general relativity (NLSUSY GR). NLSUSY GR shows that considering the physics before/of the big bang (BB) of the universe may be significant and may give new insight to unsolved problems of the low energy particle physics, cosmology and their relations. (Abstract Copyright [2009], Wiley Periodicals, Inc.)
Leptonic CP violation in supersymmetric standard model
Joshipura, A S
1995-01-01
We point out the possibility of spontaneous and hard CP-violation in the scalar potential of R-parity broken supersymmetric Standard Model. The existence of spontaneous CP-violation depends crucially on the R-parity breaking terms in the superpotential and, in addition, on the choice of the soft supersymmetry breaking terms. Unlike in theories with R-parity conservation, it is natural, in the context of the present model, for the sneutrinos to acquire (complex) vacuum expectation values. In the context of this model we examine here the global implications, like the strength of the CP-violating interactions and the neutrino masses.
Perrotta, A
2002-01-01
A MC method is proposed to compute upper limits, in a pure Bayesian approach, when the errors associated with the experimental sensitivity and expected background content are not Gaussian distributed or not small enough to apply usual approximations. It is relatively easy to extend the procedure to the multichannel case (for instance when different decay branching, luminosities or experiments have to be combined). Some of the searches for supersymmetric particles performed in the DELPHI experiment at the LEP electron- positron collider use such a procedure to propagate systematics into the calculation of cross-section upper limits. One of these searches is described as an example. (6 refs).
Supersymmetric Chern-Simons terms in ten dimensions
Bergshoeff, E.; Roo, M. de
1989-01-01
We construct a supersymmetric extension of the Lorentz and Yang-Mills Chern-Simons terms in ten dimensions. In terms of dimensionful parameters Î± (Lorentz) and Î² (Yang-Mills), we obtain the complete O(Î±) supersymmetrization. Furthermore, we present the leading O(Î±2) and O(Î±Î²) corrections requi
Supersymmetric compactifications of heterotic strings with fluxes and condensates
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Manousselis, Pantelis [Department of Engineering Sciences, University of Patras, GR-26110 Patras (Greece)]. E-mail: pantelis@upatras.gr; Prezas, Nikolaos [Institut de Physique, Universite de Neuchatel, CH-2000 Neuchatel (Switzerland)]. E-mail: nikolaos.prezas@unine.ch; Zoupanos, George [Physics Department, National Technical University of Athens, GR-15780 University Campus, Athens (Greece)]. E-mail: zoupanos@mail.cern.ch
2006-04-03
We discuss supersymmetric compactifications of heterotic strings in the presence of H-flux and general condensates using the formalism of G-structures and intrinsic torsion. We revisit the examples based on nearly-Kaehler coset spaces and show that supersymmetric solutions, where the Bianchi identity is satisfied, can be obtained when both gaugino and dilatino condensates are present.
On supermatrix models, Poisson geometry, and noncommutative supersymmetric gauge theories
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Klimčík, Ctirad [Aix Marseille Université, CNRS, Centrale Marseille I2M, UMR 7373, 13453 Marseille (France)
2015-12-15
We construct a new supermatrix model which represents a manifestly supersymmetric noncommutative regularisation of the UOSp(2|1) supersymmetric Schwinger model on the supersphere. Our construction is much simpler than those already existing in the literature and it was found by using Poisson geometry in a substantial way.
Superconformal indices and partition functions for supersymmetric field theories
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Gahramanov, I.B. [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany); Humboldt-Universitaet, Berlin (Germany). Inst. fuer Physik; Vartanov, G.S. [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany)
2012-12-15
Recently there was a substantial progress in understanding of supersymmetric theories (in particular, their BPS spectrum) in space-times of different dimensions due to the exact computation of superconformal indices and partition functions using localization method. Here we discuss a connection of 4d superconformal indices and 3d partition functions using a particular example of supersymmetric theories with matter in antisymmetric representation.
Search for supersymmetric Higgs signatures at the LHC
Rompotis, Nikolaos; The ATLAS collaboration
2015-01-01
This talk reviews the searches for supersymmetric Higgs bosons signatures at the LHC after Run-I. Searches for the Higgs bosons of the minimal supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM) have been spearheaded in ATLAS and CMS by $h/H/A\\to \\tau\\tau$ and $H^{\\pm}\\to \\tau\
Higher dimensional supersymmetric quantum mechanics and Dirac equation
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
L P Singh; B Ram
2002-04-01
We exhibit the supersymmetric quantum mechanical structure of the full 3+1 dimensional Dirac equation considering `mass' as a function of coordinates. Its usefulness in solving potential problems is discussed with speciﬁc examples. We also discuss the `physical' signiﬁcance of the supersymmetric states in this formalism.
Chiral anomalies in N=1 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theories
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Girardi, G.; Grimm, R.; Stora, R. (Grenoble-1 Univ., 74 - Annecy (France). Lab. de Physique des Particules)
1985-06-20
We establish a manifestly supersymmetric, compact, formula for the chiral anomalies of supersymmetric gauge theories. This result is obtained by combining superspace geometry with the usual algebra of anomalies. Except for a Wess-Zumino type term, we obtain an expression which is polynomial in the coefficients of the superconnection form.
What if the Higgsino is the lightest supersymmetric particles
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Haber, H.E.
1985-11-01
A pedagogical introduction to the mixing of neutral gauginos and Higgsinos in supersymmetric models is given. The possibility that the Higgsino (rather than the photino) is the lightest supersymmetric particle is considered and implications for phenomenology are discussed with some emphasis on signatures of supersymmetry in Z decays. Some related aspects of Higgs boson detection in Z decays are mentioned.
All supersymmetric solutions of minimal supergravity in five dimensions
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Gauntlett, Jerome P; Gutowski, Jan B; Hull, Christopher M; Pakis, Stathis; Reall, Harvey S [Department of Physics, Queen Mary, University of London, Mile End Rd, London E1 4NS (United Kingdom)
2003-11-07
All purely bosonic supersymmetric solutions of minimal supergravity in five dimensions are classified. The solutions preserve either one half or all of the supersymmetry. Explicit examples of new solutions are given, including a large family of plane-fronted waves and a maximally supersymmetric analogue of the Goedel universe which lifts to a solution of 11-dimensional supergravity that preserves 20 supersymmetries.
All supersymmetric solutions of minimal supergravity in five dimensions
Gauntlett, J P; Hull, C M; Pakis, S; Reall, H S; Gauntlett, Jerome P.; Gutowski, Jan B.; Hull, Christopher M.; Pakis, Stathis; Reall, Harvey S.
2003-01-01
All purely bosonic supersymmetric solutions of minimal supergravity in five dimensions are classified. The solutions preserve either one half or all of the supersymmetry. Explicit examples of new solutions are given, including a large family of plane-fronted waves and a maximally supersymmetric analogue of the G\\"odel universe which lifts to a solution of eleven dimensional supergravity that preserves 20 supersymmetries.
The gravity dual of supersymmetric gauge theories on a squashed $S^1 \\times S^3$
Cassani, Davide
2014-01-01
We present a new one-parameter family of supersymmetric solutions deforming AdS_5. This is constructed as an asymptotically locally anti de Sitter (AlAdS) solution of five-dimensional minimal gauged supergravity, with topology R x R^4 and a non-trivial graviphoton field, and can be uplifted to ten or eleven dimensional supergravities. An analytic continuation of this solution yields the gravity dual to a class of four-dimensional N=1 supersymmetric gauge theories on a curved manifold with topology S^1 x S^3, comprising an SU(2) x U(1)-symmetric squashed three-sphere, with a non-trivial background gauge field coupling to the R-symmetry current. We compute the holographically renormalised on-shell action and interpret it in terms of the Casimir energy of the dual field theory. We also determine the holographic conserved charges of the solution and discuss relations between them.
CP Violation in Supersymmetric U(1)' Models
Demir, D A
2004-01-01
The supersymmetric CP problem is studied within superstring-motivated extensions of the MSSM with an additional U(1)' gauge symmetry broken at the TeV scale. This class of models offers an attractive solution to the mu problem of the MSSM, in which U(1)' gauge invariance forbids the bare mu term, but an effective mu parameter is generated by the vacuum expectation value of a Standard Model singlet S which has superpotential coupling of the form SH_uH_d to the electroweak Higgs doublets. The effective mu parameter is thus dynamically determined as a function of the soft supersymmetry breaking parameters, and can be complex if the soft parameters have nontrivial CP-violating phases. We examine the phenomenological constraints on the reparameterization invariant phase combinations within this framework, and find that the supersymmetric CP problem can be greatly alleviated in models in which the phase of the SU(2) gaugino mass parameter is aligned with the soft trilinear scalar mass parameter associated with the ...
Supersymmetric quantum mechanics of the flux tube
Belitsky, A V
2016-01-01
The Operator Product Expansion approach to scattering amplitudes in maximally supersymmetric gauge theory operates in terms of pentagon transitions for excitations propagating on a color flux tube. These obey a set of axioms which allow to determine them to all orders in 't Hooft coupling and confront against explicit calculations. One of the simplifying features of the formalism is the factorizability of multiparticle transitions in terms of single-particle ones. In this paper we extend an earlier consideration of a sector populated by one kind of excitations to the case of a system with fermionic as well as bosonic degrees of freedom to address the origin of the factorization. While the purely bosonic case was analyzed within an integrable noncompact open-spin chain model, the current case is solved in the framework of a supersymmetric sl(2|1) magnet. We find the eigenfunctions for the multiparticle system making use of the R-matrix approach. Constructing resulting pentagon transitions, we prove their facto...
Supersymmetric quantum mechanics of the flux tube
Belitsky, A. V.
2016-12-01
The Operator Product Expansion approach to scattering amplitudes in maximally supersymmetric gauge theory operates in terms of pentagon transitions for excitations propagating on a color flux tube. These obey a set of axioms which allow one to determine them to all orders in 't Hooft coupling and confront against explicit calculations. One of the simplifying features of the formalism is the factorizability of multiparticle transitions in terms of single-particle ones. In this paper we extend an earlier consideration of a sector populated by one kind of excitations to the case of a system with fermionic as well as bosonic degrees of freedom to address the origin of the factorization. While the purely bosonic case was analyzed within an integrable noncompact open-spin chain model, the current case is solved in the framework of a supersymmetric sl (2 | 1) magnet. We find the eigenfunctions for the multiparticle system making use of the R-matrix approach. Constructing resulting pentagon transitions, we prove their factorized form. The discussion corresponds to leading order of perturbation theory.
Resummation predictions for supersymmetric electroweak particles
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Fuks, Benjamin [Institut Pluridisciplinaire Hubert Curien/Departement Recherches Subatomiques, Universite de Strasbourg (France); Klasen, Michael; Lamprea, David R.; Rothering, Marcel [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Westfaelische Wilhelms-Universitaet Muenster (Germany)
2013-07-01
Since the discovery of a particle consistent with the properties of the Standard Model Higgs the experimentalists' effort of ATLAS and CMS at the LHC has been shifted towards the production of electroweak supersymmetric particles. In our work we have updated the resummation results for gauginos and sleptons with next-to-leading logarithmic accuracy matched to next-to-leading order computations for a center of mass energy of 8 TeV. We have used benchmark points for minimal supergravity breaking scenarios which are recently adopted by the experimental collaborations and motivated by the magnetic moment of the muon. Tables of total cross sections including scale and parton distribution function uncertainties are presented together with invariant mass and transverse momentum distributions. As expected, the resummation results reduce the scale dependence and ensure the convergence in the small transverse momentum region. The production of the lightest chargino with the next-to-lightest neutralino leads to the largest cross section of O(10 fb) for masses of a few hundred GeV. Due to the considered mixing in the third generation of sleptons the τ{sub 1} τ{sub 1}{sup *} production cross section can also reach the fb-region for the same benchmark point. The gauginos would give rise to the largest cross section and are probably soon accessible at the LHC being the first detected supersymmetric particles.
Toward precision holography with supersymmetric Wilson loops
Faraggi, Alberto; Pando Zayas, Leopoldo A.; Silva, Guillermo A.; Trancanelli, Diego
2016-04-01
We consider certain 1/4 BPS Wilson loop operators in SU( N) N=4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory, whose expectation value can be computed exactly via supersymmetric localization. Holographically, these operators are mapped to fundamental strings in AdS 5 × S 5. The string on-shell action reproduces the large N and large coupling limit of the gauge theory expectation value and, according to the AdS/CFT correspondence, there should also be a precise match between subleading corrections to these limits. We perform a test of such match at next-to-leading order in string theory, by deriving the spectrum of quantum fluctuations around the classical string solution and by computing the corresponding 1-loop effective action. We discuss in detail the supermultiplet structure of the fluctuations. To remove a possible source of ambiguity in the ghost zero mode measure, we compare the 1/4 BPS configuration with the 1/2 BPS one, dual to a circular Wilson loop. We find a discrepancy between the string theory result and the gauge theory prediction, confirming a previous result in the literature. We are able to track the modes from which this discrepancy originates, as well as the modes that by themselves would give the expected result.
Towards gauge unified, supersymmetric hidden strong dynamics
Chiang, Cheng-Wei; Ye, Fang
2016-01-01
We consider a class of models with extra complex scalars that are charged under both the Standard Model and a hidden strongly coupled $SU(N)_H$ gauge sector, and discuss the scenarios where the new scalars are identified as the messenger fields that mediate the spontaneously broken supersymmetries from the hidden sector to the visible sector. The new scalars are embedded into 5-plets and 10-plets of an $SU(5)_V$ gauge group that potentially unifies the Standard Model gauge groups. They also form a tower of bound states via hidden strong dynamics around the TeV scale. The Higgs bosons remain as elementary particles. Quadratically divergent contributions to the Higgs mass from the Standard Model fermions are canceled by the new scalar contributions to alleviate the fine-tuning problem. We also discuss a supersymmetrized version of this class of models, consisting of the minimal supersymmetric Standard Model plus extra chiral multiplets where the new scalars reside. Due to the hidden strong force, the new low-en...
Quantum symmetries in supersymmetric Toda theories
Penati, S; Penati, Silvia; Zanon, Daniela
1992-01-01
: We consider two--dimensional supersymmetric Toda theories based on the Lie superalgebras $A(n,n)$, $D(n+1,n)$ and $B(n,n)$ which admit a fermionic set of simple roots and a fermionic untwisted affine extension. In particular, we concentrate on two simple examples, the $B(1,1)$ and $A(1,1)$ theories. Both in the conformal and massive case we address the issue of quantum integrability by constructing the first non trivial conserved currents and proving their conservation to all--loop orders. While the $D(n+1,n)$ and $B(n,n)$ systems are genuine $N=1$ supersymmetric theories, the $A(n,n)$ models possess a global $N=2$ supersymmetry. In the conformal case, we show that the $A(n,n)$ stress--energy tensor, uniquely determined by the holomorphicity condition, has vanishing central charge and it corresponds to the stress--energy tensor of the associated topological theory. (Invited talk at the International Workshop ``String theory, quantum gravity and the unification of the fundamental interactions'', Roma, Septem...
Supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory as higher Chern-Simons theory
Sämann, Christian; Wolf, Martin
2017-07-01
We observe that the string field theory actions for the topological sigma models describe higher or categorified Chern-Simons theories. These theories yield dynamical equations for connective structures on higher principal bundles. As a special case, we consider holomorphic higher Chern-Simons theory on the ambitwistor space of four-dimensional space-time. In particular, we propose a higher ambitwistor space action functional for maximally supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory.
Aspects of CPT-even Lorentz-symmetry violating physics in a supersymmetric scenario
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Belich, H. [Universidade Federal do Espirito Santo, Departamento de Fisica e Quimica, Vitoria, ES (Brazil); Universidade Federal do Para, Faculdade de Fisica, Belem, Para (Brazil); Bernald, L.D.; Helayel-Neto, J.A. [Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Gaete, Patricio [Universidad Tecnica Federico Santa Maria, Departmento de Fisica and Centro Cientifico-Tecnologico de Valparaiso, Valparaiso (Chile); Leal, F.J.L. [Ciencia e Tecnologia do Espirito Santo, Instituto Federal de Educacao, Vitoria, ES (Brazil)
2015-06-15
Background fermion condensates in a landscape dominated by global supersymmetry are reassessed in connection with a scenario where Lorentz symmetry is violated in the bosonic sector (actually, the photon sector) by a CPT-even k{sub F} term. An effective photonic action is discussed that originates from the supersymmetric background fermion condensates. Also, the photino mass emerges in terms of a particular condensate contrary to what happens in the case of k{sub AF}-violation. Finally, the interparticle potential induced by the effective photonic action is investigated and a confining profile is identified. (orig.)
Aspects of CPT-even Lorentz-symmetry violating physics in a supersymmetric scenario
Belich, H; Helayël-Neto, Patricio Gaete J A; Leal, F J L
2015-01-01
Background fermion condensates in a landscape dominated by global SUSY are reassessed in connection with a scenario where Lorentz symmetry is violated in the bosonic sector (actually, the photon sector) by a $CPT$-even $k_F$-term. An effective photonic action is discussed that originates from the supersymmetric background fermion condensates. Also, the photino mass emerges in terms of a particular condensate contrary to what happens in the $k_{AF}$-violation. Finally, the interparticle potential induced by the effective photonic action is investigated and a confining profile is identified.
The homogeneity conjecture for supergravity backgrounds
Figueroa-O'Farrill, José Miguel
2009-06-01
These notes record three lectures given at the workshop "Higher symmetries in Physics", held at the Universidad Complutense de Madrid in November 2008. In them we explain how to construct a Lie (super)algebra associated to a spin manifold, perhaps with extra geometric data, and a notion of privileged spinors. The typical examples are supersymmetric supergravity backgrounds; although there are more classical instances of this construction. We focus on two results: the geometric constructions of compact real forms of the simple Lie algebras of type B4, F4 and E8 from S7, S8 and S15, respectively; and the construction of the Killing superalgebra of eleven-dimensional supergravity backgrounds. As an application of this latter construction we show that supersymmetric supergravity backgrounds with enough supersymmetry are necessarily locally homogeneous.
Higher Derivative Corrections To Extended Supersymmetric Theories
Braun, G A
2004-01-01
We investigate higher-derivative terms in N = 2 supersymmetric effective actions. We systematically construct such terms in harmonic superspace despite the infinite redundancy in their description due to the infinite number of auxiliary fields. We write all 3- and 4-derivative terms on Higgs, Coulomb, and mixed branches, modulo the existence of superspace Chern-Simons-like terms. Among these terms are several with only holomorphic dependence on fields, and at least one satisfies a non-renormalization theorem. We then search for superspace Chern-Simons-like terms, which are those gauge-invariant terms which cannot be written solely in terms of field strength superfields and covariant derivatives, but in which gauge potential superfield appears explicitly. We find a class of four- derivative terms with N = 2 supersymmetry which, though locally on the Coulomb branch can be written solely in terms of field strengths, globally on the Coulomb branch are superspace Chern- Simons-like.
Supersymmetric inversion of effective-range expansions
Midya, Bikashkali; Abramowicz, Sylvain; Suárez, O L Ramírez; Sparenberg, Jean-Marc
2015-01-01
A complete and consistent inversion technique is proposed to derive an accurate interaction potential from an effective-range function for a given partial wave in the neutral case. First, the effective-range function is Taylor or Pad\\'e expanded, which allows high precision fitting of the experimental scattering phase shifts with a minimal number of parameters on a large energy range. Second, the corresponding poles of the scattering matrix are extracted in the complex wave-number plane. Third, the interaction potential is constructed with supersymmetric transformations of the radial Schr\\"odinger equation. As an illustration, the method is applied to the experimental phase shifts of the neutron-proton elastic scattering in the $^1S_0$ and $^1D_2$ channels on the $[0-350]$ MeV laboratory energy interval.
Towards a Non-Supersymmetric String Phenomenology
Abel, Steven; Mavroudi, Eirini
2015-01-01
Over the past three decades, considerable effort has been devoted to studying the rich and diverse phenomenologies of heterotic strings exhibiting spacetime supersymmetry. Unfortunately, during this same period, there has been relatively little work studying the phenomenologies associated with their non-supersymmetric counterparts. The primary reason for this relative lack of attention is the fact that strings without spacetime supersymmetry are generally unstable, exhibiting large one-loop dilaton tadpoles. In this paper, we demonstrate that this hurdle can be overcome in a class of tachyon-free four-dimensional string models realized through coordinate-dependent compactifications. Moreover, as we shall see, it is possible to construct models in this class whose low-lying states resemble the Standard Model (or even potential unified extensions thereof) --- all without any light superpartners, and indeed without supersymmetry at any energy scale. The existence of such models thus opens the door to general stu...
Simple supersymmetric strongly coupled preon model
Fajfer, S.; Tadić, D.
1988-08-01
This supersymmetric-SU(5) composite model is a natural generalization of the usual strong-coupling models. Preon superfields are in representations 5* and 10. The product representations 5*×10, 5×10, 5×5, and 5*×5 contain only those strongly hypercolor bound states which are needed in the standard electroweak theory. There are no superfluous quarklike states. The neutrino is massless. Only one strongly hypercolor bound singlet (10×10*) can exist as a free particle. At higher energies one should expect to see a plethora of new particles. Grand unification happens at the scale M~1014 GeV. Cabibbo mixing can be incorporated by using a transposed Kobayashi-Maskawa mixing matrix.
Supersymmetric Scenarios with Dominant Radiative Neutralino Decay
Ambrosanio, S; Ambrosanio, Sandro; Mele, Barbara
1997-01-01
The radiative decay of the next-to-lightest neutralino into a lightest neutralino and a photon is analyzed in the MSSM. We find that significant regions of the supersymmetric parameter space with large radiative BR's (up to about 100%) do exist. The radiative channel turns out to be enhanced when the neutralino tree-level decays are suppressed either `kinematically' or `dynamically'. In general, in the regions allowed by LEP data and not characterized by asymptotic values of the SuSy parameters, the radiative enhancement requires tan beta ~= 1 and/or M_1 ~= M_2, and negative values of relaxing the usual relation M_1=(5/3)*tan^2(th_W)*M_2, i.e. gaugino mass unification at the GUT scale. The influence of varying the stop masses and mixing angle when the radiative decay is enhanced is also considered. Some phenomenological consequences of the above picture are discussed.
Supersymmetric quantum mechanics and Painleve equations
Bermudez, David
2013-01-01
In these lecture notes we shall study first the supersymmetric quantum mechanics (SUSY QM), specially when applied to the harmonic and radial oscillators. In addition, we will define the polynomial Heisenberg algebras (PHA), and we will study the general systems ruled by them: for zero and first order we obtain the harmonic and radial oscillators, respectively; for second and third order PHA the potential is determined by solutions to Painleve IV (PIV) and Painleve V (PV) equations. Taking advantage of this connection, later on we will find solutions to PIV and PV equations expressed in terms of confluent hypergeometric functions. Furthermore, we will classify them into several solution hierarchies, according to the specific special functions they are connected with.
A new perspective on supersymmetric inflation
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Matsuda, Tomohiro, E-mail: matsuda@sit.ac.jp [Laboratory of Physics, Saitama Institute of Technology, Fusaiji, Okabe-machi, Saitama 369-0293 (Japan)
2009-11-01
We consider supersymmetric inflation with the hybrid-type potential. In the absence of the symmetry that forbids Hubble-induced mass terms, the inflaton mass will be as large as the Hubble scale during inflation. We consider gravitational decay of the trigger field as the least decay mode and find that the damping caused by the dissipation can dominate the friction of the inflaton when the heavy trigger field is coupled to the inflaton. The dissipative damping provides a solution to the traditional η problem without introducing additional symmetry and interactions. Considering the spatial inhomogeneities of the dissipative coefficient, we find that modulated inflation (modulation of the inflaton velocity) can create significant curvature perturbations.
Supersymmetric partition functions on Riemann surfaces
Benini, Francesco
2016-01-01
We present a compact formula for the supersymmetric partition function of 2d N=(2,2), 3d N=2 and 4d N=1 gauge theories on $\\Sigma_g \\times T^n$ with partial topological twist on $\\Sigma_g$, where $\\Sigma_g$ is a Riemann surface of arbitrary genus and $T^n$ is a torus with n=0,1,2, respectively. In 2d we also include certain local operator insertions, and in 3d we include Wilson line operator insertions along $S^1$. For genus g=1, the formula computes the Witten index. We present a few simple Abelian and non-Abelian examples, including new tests of non-perturbative dualities. We also show that the large N partition function of ABJM theory on $\\Sigma_g \\times S^1$ reproduces the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy of BPS black holes in AdS4 whose horizon has $\\Sigma_g$ topology.
Supersymmetric Microscopic Theory of the Standard Model
Ter-Kazarian, G T
2000-01-01
We promote the microscopic theory of standard model (MSM, hep-ph/0007077) into supersymmetric framework in order to solve its technical aspects of vacuum zero point energy and hierarchy problems, and attempt, further, to develop its realistic viable minimal SUSY extension. Among other things that - the MSM provides a natural unification of geometry and the field theory, has clarified the physical conditions in which the geometry and particles come into being, in microscopic sense enables an insight to key problems of particle phenomenology and answers to some of its nagging questions - a present approach also leads to quite a new realization of the SUSY yielding a physically realistic particle spectrum. It stems from the special subquark algebra, from which the nilpotent supercharge operators are derived. The resulting theory makes plausible following testable implications for the current experiments at LEP2, at the Tevatron and at LHC drastically different from those of the conventional MSSM models: 1. All t...
Supersymmetric leptogenesis and light hidden sectors
Weniger, Christoph
2010-01-01
Thermal leptogenesis and supergravity are attractive scenarios for physics beyond the standard model. However, it is well known that the super-weak interaction of the gravitino often leads to problems with primordial nucleosynthesis in the standard scenario of matter parity conserving MSSM + three right-handed neutrinos. We will present and compare two related solutions to these problems: 1) The conflict between BBN and leptogenesis can be avoided in presence of a hidden sector with light supersymmetric particles which open new decay channels for the dangerous long-lived particles. 2) If there is a condensate in the hidden sector, such additional decay channels can be alternatively opened by dynamical breaking of matter parity in the hidden sector.
Area law violations in a supersymmetric model
Huijse, Liza; Swingle, Brian
2013-01-01
We study the structure of entanglement in a supersymmetric lattice model of fermions on certain types of decorated graphs with quenched disorder. In particular, we construct models with controllable ground-state degeneracy protected by supersymmetry and the choice of Hilbert space. We show that in certain special limits, these degenerate ground states are associated with local impurities and that there exists a basis of the ground-state manifold in which every basis element satisfies a boundary law for entanglement entropy. On the other hand, by considering incoherent mixtures or coherent superpositions of these localized ground states, we can find regions that violate the boundary law for entanglement entropy over a wide range of length scales. More generally, we discuss various criteria for constructing violations of the boundary law for entanglement entropy and discuss possible relations of our work to recent holographic studies.
SU(2|2) supersymmetric mechanics
Ivanov, Evgeny; Sidorov, Stepan
2016-01-01
We introduce a new kind of non-relativistic ${\\cal N}{=}\\,8$ supersymmetric mechanics, associated with worldline realizations of the supergroup $SU(2|2)$ treated as a deformation of flat ${\\cal N}{=}\\,8$, $d{=}1$ supersymmetry. Various worldline $SU(2|2)$ superspaces are constructed as coset manifolds of this supergroup, and the corresponding superfield techniques are developed. For the off-shell $SU(2|2)$ multiplets $({\\bf 3,8,5})$, $({\\bf 4,8,4})$ and $({\\bf 5,8,3})$, we construct and analyze the most general superfield and component actions. Common features are mass oscillator-type terms proportional to the deformation parameter and a trigonometric realization of the superconformal group $OSp(4^*|4)$ in the conformal cases. For the simplest $({\\bf 5, 8, 3})$ model the quantization is performed.
Supersymmetric Wilson loops at two loops
Bassetto, Antonio; Pucci, Fabrizio; Seminara, Domenico
2008-01-01
We study the quantum properties of certain BPS Wilson loops in ${\\cal N}=4$ supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory. They belong to a general family, introduced recently, in which the addition of particular scalar couplings endows generic loops on $S^3$ with a fraction of supersymmetry. When restricted to $S^2$, their quantum average has been further conjectured to be exactly computed by the matrix model governing the zero-instanton sector of YM$_2$ on the sphere. We perform a complete two-loop analysis on a class of cusped Wilson loops lying on a two-dimensional sphere, finding perfect agreement with the conjecture. The perturbative computation reproduces the matrix-model expectation through a highly non-trivial interplay between ladder diagrams and self-energies/vertex contributions, suggesting the existence of a localization procedure.
Gauge Unification from Split Supersymmetric String Models
Kokorelis, Christos
2016-01-01
We discuss the unification of gauge coupling constants in non-supersymmetric open string vacua that possess the properties of Split Supersymmetry, namely the Standard Model with Higgsinos at low energies and where the Standard model spectrum is always accompanied by right handed neutrinos. These vacua achieve partial unification of two out of three (namely SU(3)$_c$, SU(2), U(1)) running gauge couplings, possess massive gauginos and light Higgsinos at low energies and also satisfy $sin^2\\theta_w (M_s) = 3/8$. These vacua are based on four dimensional orbifold $Z_3 \\times Z_3$ compactifications of string IIA orientifolds with D6-branes intersecting at angles, where the (four dimensional) chiral fermions of the Standard Model appear as opens strings streching between the intersections of seven dimensional objects the so called D6-branes.
Effective Action of Softly Broken Supersymmetric Theories
Nibbelink, S G; Nibbelink, Stefan Groot; Nyawelo, Tino S.
2007-01-01
We study the renormalization of (softly) broken supersymmetric theories at the one loop level in detail. We perform this analysis in a superspace approach in which the supersymmetry breaking interactions are parameterized using spurion insertions. We comment on the uniqueness of this parameterization. We compute the one loop renormalization of such theories by calculating superspace vacuum graphs with multiple spurion insertions. To preform this computation efficiently we develop algebraic properties of spurion operators, that naturally arise because the spurions are often surrounded by superspace projection operators. Our results are general apart from the restrictions that higher super covariant derivative terms and some finite effects due to non-commutativity of superfield dependent mass matrices are ignored. One of the soft potentials induces renormalization of the Kaehler potential.
Phases of supersymmetric O(N) theories
Heilmann, Marianne; Synatschke-Czerwonka, Franziska; Wipf, Andreas
2012-01-01
We perform a global renormalization group study of O(N) symmetric Wess-Zumino theories and their phases in three euclidean dimensions. At infinite N the theory is solved exactly. The phases and phase transitions are worked out for finite and infinite short-distance cutoffs. A distinctive new feature arises at strong coupling, where the effective superfield potential becomes multi-valued, signalled by divergences in the fermion-boson interaction. Our findings resolve the long-standing puzzle about the occurrence of degenerate O(N) symmetric phases. At finite N, we find a strongly-coupled fixed point in the local potential approximation and explain its impact on the phase transition. We also examine the possibility for a supersymmetric Bardeen-Moshe-Bander phenomenon, and relate our findings with the spontaneous breaking of supersymmetry in other models.
SU(2|2) supersymmetric mechanics
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ivanov, Evgeny [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research,Dubna, Moscow Region, 141980 (Russian Federation); Lechtenfeld, Olaf [Institut für Theoretische Physik and Riemann Center for Geometry and Physics,Leibniz Universität Hannover,Appelstraße 2, 30167 Hannover (Germany); Sidorov, Stepan [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research,Dubna, Moscow Region, 141980 (Russian Federation)
2016-11-07
We introduce a new kind of non-relativistic N= 8 supersymmetric mechanics, associated with worldline realizations of the supergroup SU(2|2) treated as a deformation of flat N= 8, d=1 supersymmetry. Various worldline SU(2|2) superspaces are constructed as coset manifolds of this supergroup, and the corresponding superfield techniques are developed. For the off-shell SU(2|2) multiplets (3,8,5), (4,8,4) and (5,8,3), we construct and analyze the most general superfield and component actions. Common features are mass oscillator-type terms proportional to the deformation parameter and a trigonometric realization of the superconformal group OSp(4{sup ∗}|4) in the conformal cases. For the simplest (5,8,3) model the quantization is performed.
Supersymmetric One-family Model without Higgsinos
Mira, J M; Restrepo, D A; Sánchez, L A; Mira, Jesus M.; Ponce, William A.; Restrepo, Diego A.; Sanchez, Luis A.
2003-01-01
The Higgs potential and the mass spectrum of the N=1 supersymmetric extension of a recently proposed one-family model based on the local gauge group $SU(3)_c \\otimes SU(3)_L \\otimes U(1)_X$, which is a subgroup of the electroweak-strong unification group $E_6$, is analyzed. In this model the slepton multiplets play the role of the Higgs scalars and no Higgsinos are needed, with the consequence that the sneutrino, the selectron and six other sleptons play the role of the Goldstone bosons. We show how the $\\mu$ problem is successfully addressed in the context of this model which also predicts the existence of a light CP-odd scalar.
The Supersymmetric Effective Field Theory of Inflation
Delacretaz, Luca V; Senatore, Leonardo
2016-01-01
We construct the Supersymmetric Effective Field Theory of Inflation, that is the most general theory of inflationary fluctuations when time-translations and supersymmetry are spontaneously broken. The non-linear realization of these invariances allows us to define a complete SUGRA multiplet containing the graviton, the gravitino, the Goldstone of time translations and the Goldstino, with no auxiliary fields. Going to a unitary gauge where only the graviton and the gravitino are present, we write the most general Lagrangian built out of the fluctuations of these fields, invariant under time-dependent spatial diffeomorphisms, but softly-breaking time diffeomorphisms and gauged SUSY. With a suitable St\\"uckelberg transformation, we introduce the Goldstone boson of time translation and the Goldstino of SUSY. No additional dynamical light field is needed. In the high energy limit, larger than the inflationary Hubble scale for the Goldstino, these fields decouple from the graviton and the gravitino, greatly simplif...
Supersymmetric dark matter above the W mass
Griest, Kim; Kamionkowski, Marc; Turner, Michael S.
1989-01-01
The cosmological consequences are studied for the minimal supersymmetric extension of the standard model in the case that the neutralino is heavier than W. The cross section was calculated for annihilation of heavy neutralinos into final states containing gauge and Higgs bosons (XX yields WW, ZZ, HH, HW, HZ), where X is the lightest, nth neutralino and the results are compared with the results with those previously obtained for annihilation into fermions to find the relic cosmological abundance for the most general neutralino. The new channels are particularly important for the Higgsino-like and mixed-state neutralinos, but are sub-dominant (to the fermion-antifermion annihilation channels) in the case that the neutralino is mostly a gaugino. The effect of the top quark mass is also considered. Using these cross sections and the cosmological constraint omega(sub X)h squared is less than or approximately 1, the entire range of cosmologically acceptable supersymmetric parameter space is mapped and a very general bound on the neutralino mass is discovered. For a top quark mass of less than 180 GeV, neutralinos heavier than 3200 GeV are cosmologically inconsistent, and if the top quark mass is less than 120 GeV, the bound is lowered to 2600 GeV. Neutralino states that are mostly gaugino are constrained to be lighter than 550 GeV. It is found that a heavy neutralino that contributes omega(sub X) is approximately 1 arises for a very wide range of model parameters and makes, therefore, a very natural and attractive dark matter candidate.
The transformations between N = 2 supersymmetric Korteweg-de Vries and Harry Dym equations
Tian, Kai; Liu, Q. P.
2012-05-01
The N = 2 supercomformal transformations are employed to study supersymmetric integrable systems. It is proved that two known N = 2 supersymmetric Harry Dym equations are transformed into two N = 2 supersymmetric modified Korteweg-de Vries equations, thus are connected with two N = 2 supersymmetric Korteweg-de Vries equations.
The geometry of supersymmetric coset models and superconformal algebras
Papadopoulos, G
1993-01-01
An on-shell formulation of (p,q), 2\\leq p \\leq 4, 0\\leq q\\leq 4, supersymmetric coset models with target space the group G and gauge group a subgroup H of G is given. It is shown that there is a correspondence between the number of supersymmetries of a coset model and the geometry of the coset space G/H. The algebras of currents of supersymmetric coset models are superconformal algebras. In particular, the algebras of currents of (2,2) and (4,0) supersymmetric coset models are related to the N=2 Kazama-Suzuki and N=4 Van Proeyen superconformal algebras correspondingly.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Arthemy V. Kiselev
2006-02-01
Full Text Available We construct new integrable coupled systems of N = 1 supersymmetric equations and present integrable fermionic extensions of the Burgers and Boussinesq equations. Existence of infinitely many higher symmetries is demonstrated by the presence of recursion operators. Various algebraic methods are applied to the analysis of symmetries, conservation laws, recursion operators, and Hamiltonian structures. A fermionic extension of the Burgers equation is related with the Burgers flows on associative algebras. A Gardner's deformation is found for the bosonic super-field dispersionless Boussinesq equation, and unusual properties of a recursion operator for its Hamiltonian symmetries are described. Also, we construct a three-parametric supersymmetric system that incorporates the Boussinesq equation with dispersion and dissipation but never retracts to it for any values of the parameters.
Holographic description of non-supersymmetric orbifolded D1-D5-P solutions
Chakrabarty, Bidisha; Virmani, Amitabh
2015-01-01
Non-supersymmetric black hole microstates are of great interest in the context of the black hole information paradox. We identify the holographic description of the general class of non-supersymmetric orbifolded D1-D5-P supergravity solutions found by Jejjala, Madden, Ross and Titchener. This class includes both completely smooth solutions and solutions with conical defects, and in the near-decoupling limit these solutions describe degrees of freedom in the cap region. The CFT description involves a general class of states obtained by fractional spectral flow in both left-moving and right-moving sectors, generalizing previous work which studied special cases in this class. We compute the massless scalar emission spectrum and emission rates in both gravity and CFT and find perfect agreement, thereby providing strong evidence for our proposed identification. We also investigate the physics of ergoregion emission as pair creation for these orbifolded solutions. Our results represent the largest class of non-supe...
Transport properties of N=4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory at finite coupling
Benincasa, P; Benincasa, Paolo; Buchel, Alex
2006-01-01
Gauge theory-string theory duality describes strongly coupled N=4 supersymmetric SU(n) Yang-Mills theory at finite temperature in terms of near extremal black 3-brane geometry in type IIB string theory. We use this correspondence to compute the leading correction in inverse 't Hooft coupling to the shear diffusion constant, bulk viscosity and the speed of sound in the large-n N=4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory plasma. The transport coefficients are extracted from the dispersion relation for the shear and the sound wave lowest quasinormal modes in the leading order alpha'-corrected black D3 brane geometry. We find the shear viscosity extracted from the shear diffusion constant to agree with result of [hep-th/0406264]; also, the leading correction to bulk viscosity and the speed of sound vanishes. Our computation provides a highly nontrivial consistency check on the hydrodynamic description of the alpha'-corrected nonextremal black branes in string theory.
Describe Your Favorite Teacher.
Dill, Isaac; Dill, Vicky
1993-01-01
A third grader describes Ms. Gonzalez, his favorite teacher, who left to accept a more lucrative teaching assignment. Ms. Gonzalez' butterflies unit covered everything from songs about social butterflies to paintings of butterfly wings, anatomy studies, and student haiku poems and biographies. Students studied biology by growing popcorn plants…
Simple Waveforms, Simply Described
Baker, John G.
2008-01-01
Since the first Lazarus Project calculations, it has been frequently noted that binary black hole merger waveforms are 'simple.' In this talk we examine some of the simple features of coalescence and merger waveforms from a variety of binary configurations. We suggest an interpretation of the waveforms in terms of an implicit rotating source. This allows a coherent description, of both the inspiral waveforms, derivable from post-Newtonian(PN) calculations, and the numerically determined merger-ringdown. We focus particularly on similarities in the features of various Multipolar waveform components Generated by various systems. The late-time phase evolution of most L these waveform components are accurately described with a sinple analytic fit. We also discuss apparent relationships among phase and amplitude evolution. Taken together with PN information, the features we describe can provide an approximate analytic description full coalescence wavefoRms. complementary to other analytic waveforns approaches.
Supersymmetric Descendants of Self-Adjointly Extended Quantum Mechanical Hamiltonians
Al-Hashimi, M H; Shalaby, A; Wiese, U -J
2013-01-01
We consider the descendants of self-adjointly extended Hamiltonians in supersymmetric quantum mechanics on a half-line, on an interval, and on a punctured line or interval. While there is a 4-parameter family of self-adjointly extended Hamiltonians on a punctured line, only a 3-parameter sub-family has supersymmetric descendants that are themselves self-adjoint. We also address the self-adjointness of an operator related to the supercharge, and point out that only a sub-class of its most general self-adjoint extensions is physical. Besides a general characterization of self-adjoint extensions and their supersymmetric descendants, we explicitly consider concrete examples, including a particle in a box with general boundary conditions, with and without an additional point interaction. We also discuss bulk-boundary resonances and their manifestation in the supersymmetric descendant.
Aspects of a supersymmetric Brans-Dicke theory
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Catena, R.
2006-11-15
We consider a locally supersymmetric theory where the Planck mass is replaced by a dynamical superfield. This model can be thought of as the Minimal Supersymmetric extension of the Brans-Dicke theory (MSBD). The motivation that underlies this analysis is the research of possible connections between Dark Energy models based on Brans-Dicke-like theories and supersymmetric Dark Matter scenarios. We find that the phenomenology associated with the MSBD model is very different compared to the one of the original Brans-Dicke theory: the new scalar and fermionic degrees of freedom do not couple to matter in a universal metric way, i.e. they can not be removed from the matter sector by a Weyl rescaling of the metric. This feature could make the minimal supersymmetric extension of the BD idea phenomenologically inconsistent. (orig.)
LHC phenomenology of supersymmetric models beyond the MSSM
Porod, Werner
2010-01-01
We discuss various phenomenological aspects of supersymmetric models beyond the MSSM. A particular focus is on models which can correctly explain neutrino data and the possiblities of LHC to identify the underlying scenario.
N=2 supersymmetric extension of l-conformal Galilei algebra
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Masterov, Ivan [Laboratory of Mathematical Physics, Tomsk Polytechnic University, 634050 Tomsk, Lenin Ave. 30 (Russian Federation)
2012-07-15
N=2 supersymmetric extension of the l-conformal Galilei algebra is constructed. A relation between its representations in flat spacetime and in Newton-Hooke spacetime is discussed. An infinite-dimensional generalization of the superalgebra is given.
Supersymmetric attractors, topological strings, and the M5-brane CFT
Guica, Monica M.
One of the purposes of this thesis is to present the consistent and unifying picture that emerges in string and M-theory with eight supercharges. On one hand, this involves classifying and relating supersymmetric objects that occur in N = 2 compactifications of string and M-theory on a Calabi-Yau manifold. These come in a surprisingly wide variety of four and five-dimensional black holes, black rings and their sometimes very complicated bound states. On the other hand, the topological string also makes its appearance in theories with eight supercharges, and turns out to compute certain black hole degeneracies. We dedicate the introduction and the first chapter to summarizing and reviewing the beautiful relationships between black holes, black rings, their dual conformal field theory and the topological string, and we also outline the remaining puzzles and issues. Some of the black holes in question can be obtained by multiply-wrapping an M-theory M5-brane on a self-intersecting four-cycle in the Calabi-Yau manifold. Their dual microscopic description is known, and consists of a two-dimensional conformal field theory (CFT) which is the low-energy limit of the gauge theory that resides on the worldvolume of the M5 brane. We show that in a certain limit the M5-brane CFT is - perhaps surprisingly - able to reproduce the entropy of a completely different type of black holes, those obtained from wrapped M2-branes, whose microscopic description has not yet been understood. We also argue that certain black hole bound states should also be described by the same CFT, which suggests a unifying description of the various black objects in eight-supercharge supergravity theories. Finally, we describe and present a proof of the so-called OSV conjecture, which states that the mixed partition function of N = 2 four-dimensional BPS black holes equals the modulus square of the type A topological string partition function. We also attempt to use this relationship to better understand
A supersymmetric composite model of quarks and leptons
Luty, Markus A.; Mohapatra, Rabindra N.
1997-02-01
We present a class of supersymmetric models with complete generations of composite quarks and leptons using recent non-perturbative results for the low energy dynamics of supersymmetric QCD. In these models, the quarks arise as composite ``mesons'' and the leptons emerge as composite ``baryons''. The quark and lepton flavor symmetries are linked at the preon level. Baryon number violation is automatically suppressed by accidental symmetries. We give some speculations on how this model might be made realistic.
Reduction of couplings and finiteness in realistic supersymmetric GUTs
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kubo, J. [Kanazawa Univ. (Japan). Dept. of Physics; Mondragon, M. [Instituto de Fisica, UNAM, Apdo. Postal 20-364, Mexico 01000 D.F. (Mexico); Zoupanos, G. [Physics Dept., Nat. Technical University, 157 80 Zografou, Athens (Greece)
1997-07-01
Reduction of couplings in supersymmetric GUTs is achieved by searching for renormalization group invariant (RGI) relations among couplings which hold beyond the unification scale. Finiteness is due to the fact that there exist RGI relations among couplings that guarantee the vanishing of the {beta}-functions of a N = 1 supersymmetric GUT even to all orders in perturbation theory. Of particular interest are the relations among gauge and Yukawa couplings which lead to very interesting predictions of the top quark mass. (orig.).
Neutralino annihilation into massive quarks with supersymmetric QCD corrections
Herrmann, Björn; Klasen, Michael; Kovařík, Karol
2009-03-01
We compute the full O(αs) supersymmetric (SUSY)-QCD corrections for neutralino annihilation into massive quarks through gauge or Higgs bosons and squarks in the minimal supersymmetric standard model, including the known resummation of logarithmically enhanced terms. The numerical impact of the corrections on the extraction of SUSY mass parameters from cosmological data is analyzed for gravity-mediated SUSY-breaking scenarios and shown to be sizable, so that these corrections must be included in common analysis tools.
Non-supersymmetric AdS and the Swampland
Ooguri, Hirosi
2016-01-01
We propose to sharpen the weak gravity conjecture by the statement that, except for BPS states in a supersymmetric theory, the gravitational force is strictly weaker than any electric force and provide a number of evidences for this statement. Our conjecture implies that any non-supersymmetric anti-de Sitter vacuum supported by fluxes must be unstable, as is the case for all known attempts at such holographic constructions.
Second Hopf map and supersymmetric mechanics with Yang monopole
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Gonzales, M.; Toppan, F. [Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas (CBPF), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Kuznetsova, Z. [Universidade Federal do ABC, Santo Andre, SP (Brazil); Nersessian, F. [Artsakh State University, Stepanakert (Armenia); Yeghikyan, V. [Yerevan State University (Armenia)
2009-07-01
We propose to use the second Hopf map for the reduction (via SU(2) group action) of the eight-dimensional supersymmetric mechanics to five-dimensional supersymmetric systems specified by the presence of an SU(2) Yang monopole. For our purpose we develop the relevant Lagrangian reduction procedure. The reduced system is characterized by its invariance under the N = 5 or N = 4 supersymmetry generators (with or without an additional conserved BRST charge operator) which commute with the su(2) generators. (author)
Supersymmetric Q-Lumps in the Grassmannian nonlinear sigma models
Bak, D; Lee, J; Oh, P; Bak, Dongsu; Hahn, Sang-Ok; Lee, Joohan; Oh, Phillial
2007-01-01
We construct the N=2 supersymmetric Grassmannian nonlinear sigma model for the massless case and extend it to massive N=2 model by adding an appropriate superpotential. We then study their BPS equations leading to supersymmetric Q-lumps carrying both topological and Noether charges. These solutions are shown to be always time dependent even sometimes involving multiple frequencies. Thus we illustrate explicitly that the time dependence is consistent with remaining supersymmetries of solitons.
Pharmacobezoars described and demystified.
Simpson, Serge-Emile
2011-02-01
A bezoar is a concretion of foreign material that forms and persists in the gastrointestinal tract. Bezoars are classified by their material origins. Phytobezoars contain plant material, trichobezoars contain hair, lactobezoars contain milk proteins, and pharmacobezoars contain pharmaceutical products. Tablets, suspensions, and even insoluble drug delivery vehicles can, on rare occasions, and sometimes under specific circumstances, form pharmacobezoars. The goal of this review is to catalog and examine all of the available reports in the English language medical literature that convincingly describe the formation and management of pharmacobezoars. Articles included in this review were identified by performing searches using the terms "bezoar," "pharmacobezoar," and "concretion" in the following databases: OVID MEDLINE, PubMed, and JSTOR. The complete MEDLINE and JSTOR holdings were included in the search without date ranges. The results were limited to English language publications. Articles that described nonmedication bezoars were not included in the review. Articles describing phytobezoars, food bezoars, fecal impactions, illicit drug packet ingestions, enteral feeding material bezoars, and hygroscopic diet aid bezoars were excluded. The bibliographic references within the articles already accumulated were then examined in order to gather additional pharmacobezoar cases. The cases are grouped by pharmaceutical agent that formed the bezoar, and groupings are arranged in alphabetical order. Discussions and conclusions specific to each pharmaceutical agent are included in that agent's subheading. Patterns and themes that emerged in the review of the assembled case reports are reviewed and presented in a more concise format. Pharmacobezoars form under a wide variety of circumstances and in a wide variety of patients. They are difficult to diagnose reliably. Rules for suspecting, diagnosing, and properly managing a pharmacobezoar are highly dependent on the
Supersymmetric M5 brane theories on R × CP2
Kim, Hee-Cheol; Lee, Kimyeong
2013-07-01
We propose 4 and 12 supersymmetric conformal Yang-Mills-Chern-Simons theories on R × CP2 as multiple representations of the theory on M5 branes. These theories are obtained by twisted Zk modding and dimensional reduction of the 6d (2,0) superconformal field theory on R × S5 and have a discrete coupling constant 1/{g_{{YM}^2}}=k/{4{π^2}} with natural number k. Instantons in these theories are expected to represent the Kaluza-Klein modes. For the k = 1 , 2 cases, we argue that the number of supersymmetries in our theories should be enhanced to 32 and 16, respectively. For the k = 3 case, only the 4 supersymmetric theory gets the supersymmetric enhancement to 8. For the 4 supersymmetric case, the vacuum structure becomes more complicated as there are degenerate supersymmetric vacua characterized by fuzzy spheres. We calculate the perturbative part of the SU( N ) gauge group Euclidean path integral for the index function at the symmetric phase of the 4 supersymmetric case and confirm it with the known half-BPS index. From the similar twisted Z k modding of the AdS7 × S4 geometry, we speculate that the M region is for k ≲ N 1/3 and the type IIA region is N 1/3 ≲ k ≲ N. When nonperturbative corrections are included, our theories are expected to produce the full index of the 6d (2,0) theory.
A tool box for implementing supersymmetric models
Staub, Florian; Ohl, Thorsten; Porod, Werner; Speckner, Christian
2012-10-01
We present a framework for performing a comprehensive analysis of a large class of supersymmetric models, including spectrum calculation, dark matter studies and collider phenomenology. To this end, the respective model is defined in an easy and straightforward way using the Mathematica package SARAH. SARAH then generates model files for CalcHep which can be used with micrOMEGAs as well as model files for WHIZARD and O'Mega. In addition, Fortran source code for SPheno is created which facilitates the determination of the particle spectrum using two-loop renormalization group equations and one-loop corrections to the masses. As an additional feature, the generated SPheno code can write out input files suitable for use with HiggsBounds to apply bounds coming from the Higgs searches to the model. Combining all programs provides a closed chain from model building to phenomenology. Program summary Program title: SUSY Phenomenology toolbox. Catalog identifier: AEMN_v1_0. Program summary URL: http://cpc.cs.qub.ac.uk/summaries/AEMN_v1_0.html. Program obtainable from: CPC Program Library, Queen's University, Belfast, N. Ireland. Licensing provisions: Standard CPC licence, http://cpc.cs.qub.ac.uk/licence/licence.html. No. of lines in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 140206. No. of bytes in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 1319681. Distribution format: tar.gz. Programming language: Autoconf, Mathematica. Computer: PC running Linux, Mac. Operating system: Linux, Mac OS. Classification: 11.6. Nature of problem: Comprehensive studies of supersymmetric models beyond the MSSM is considerably complicated by the number of different tasks that have to be accomplished, including the calculation of the mass spectrum and the implementation of the model into tools for performing collider studies, calculating the dark matter density and checking the compatibility with existing collider bounds (in particular, from the Higgs searches). Solution method: The
Mapping the G-structures and supersymmetric vacua of five-dimensional N=4 supergravity
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Liu, James T; Mahato, Manavendra; Vaman, Diana [Michigan Center for Theoretical Physics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1040 (United States)
2007-03-07
We classify the supersymmetric vacua of N=4, d=5 supergravity in terms of G-structures. We identify three classes of solutions: with R{sup 3}, SU(2) and Id structure. Using the Killing spinor equations, we fully characterize the first two classes and partially solve the latter. With the N=4 graviton multiplet decomposed in terms of N=2 multiplets: the graviton, vector and gravitino multiplets, we obtain new supersymmetric solutions corresponding to turning on fields in the gravitino multiplet. These vacua are described in terms of an SO(5) vector sigma model coupled with gravity, in three or four dimensions. A new feature of these N=4 vacua, which is not seen from an N=2 point of view, is the possibility for preserving more exotic fractions of supersymmetry. We give a few concrete examples of these new supersymmetric (albeit singular) solutions. Additionally, we show how by truncating the N=4, d=5 set of fields to minimal supergravity coupled with one vector multiplet we recover the known two-charge solutions.
Holographic description of non-supersymmetric orbifolded D1-D5-P solutions
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Chakrabarty, Bidisha [Institute of Physics, Sachivalaya Marg,Bhubaneshwar, 751005 (India); Turton, David [Institut de Physique Théorique, CEA Saclay, CNRS URA 2306,91191 Gif-sur-Yvette (France); Virmani, Amitabh [Institute of Physics, Sachivalaya Marg,Bhubaneshwar, 751005 (India); Max Planck Institute for Gravitational Physics (Albert Einstein Institute),Am Mühlenberg 1, D-14476 Potsdam-Golm (Germany)
2015-11-09
Non-supersymmetric black hole microstates are of great interest in the context of the black hole information paradox. We identify the holographic description of the general class of non-supersymmetric orbifolded D1-D5-P supergravity solutions found by Jejjala, Madden, Ross and Titchener. This class includes both completely smooth solutions and solutions with conical defects, and in the near-decoupling limit these solutions describe degrees of freedom in the cap region. The CFT description involves a general class of states obtained by fractional spectral flow in both left-moving and right-moving sectors, generalizing previous work which studied special cases in this class. We compute the massless scalar emission spectrum and emission rates in both gravity and CFT and find perfect agreement, thereby providing strong evidence for our proposed identification. We also investigate the physics of ergoregion emission as pair creation for these orbifolded solutions. Our results represent the largest class of non-supersymmetric black hole microstate geometries with identified CFT duals presently known.
Non-supersymmetric membrane flows from fake supergravity and multi-trace deformations
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Papadimitriou, I. [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany)]|[Hamburg Univ. (Germany). Zentrum fuer Mathematische Physik
2006-06-15
We use fake supergravity as a solution generating technique to obtain a continuum of non-supersymmetric asymptotically AdS{sub 4} x S{sup 7} domain wall solutions of eleven-dimensional supergravity with non-trivial scalars in the SL(8,R)/SO(8) coset. These solutions are continuously connected to the supersymmetric domain walls describing a uniform sector of the Coulomb branch of the M2-brane theory. We also provide a general argument that identifies the fake superpotential with the exact large-N quantum effective potential of the dual theory, thus arriving at a very general description of multi-trace deformations in the AdS/CFT correspondence, which strongly motivates further study of fake supergravity as a solution generating method. This identification allows us to interpret our non-supersymmetric solutions as a family of marginal triple-trace deformations of the Coulomb branch that completely break supersymmetry and to calculate the exact large-N anomalous dimensions of the operators involved. The holographic one- and two-point functions for these solutions are also computed. (Orig.)
Lectures on localization and matrix models in supersymmetric Chern-Simons-matter theories
Marino, Marcos
2011-01-01
In these lectures I give a pedagogical presentation of some of the recent progress in supersymmetric Chern-Simons-matter theories, coming from the use of localization and matrix model techniques. The goal is to provide a simple derivation of the exact interpolating function for the free energy of ABJM theory on the three-sphere, which implies in particular the N^{3/2} behavior at strong coupling. I explain in detail part of the background needed to understand this derivation, like holographic renormalization, localization of path integrals, and large N techniques in matrix models
Lectures on localization and matrix models in supersymmetric Chern-Simons-matter theories
Mariño, Marcos
2011-11-01
In these lectures, I give a pedagogical presentation of some of the recent progress in supersymmetric Chern-Simons-matter theories, coming from the use of localization and matrix model techniques. The goal is to provide a simple derivation of the exact interpolating function for the free energy of ABJM theory on the three-sphere, which implies in particular the N3/2 behavior at strong coupling. I explain in detail part of the background needed to understand this derivation, like holographic renormalization, localization of path integrals and large N techniques in matrix models.
How Mathematics Describes Life
Teklu, Abraham
2017-01-01
The circle of life is something we have all heard of from somewhere, but we don't usually try to calculate it. For some time we have been working on analyzing a predator-prey model to better understand how mathematics can describe life, in particular the interaction between two different species. The model we are analyzing is called the Holling-Tanner model, and it cannot be solved analytically. The Holling-Tanner model is a very common model in population dynamics because it is a simple descriptor of how predators and prey interact. The model is a system of two differential equations. The model is not specific to any particular set of species and so it can describe predator-prey species ranging from lions and zebras to white blood cells and infections. One thing all these systems have in common are critical points. A critical point is a value for both populations that keeps both populations constant. It is important because at this point the differential equations are equal to zero. For this model there are two critical points, a predator free critical point and a coexistence critical point. Most of the analysis we did is on the coexistence critical point because the predator free critical point is always unstable and frankly less interesting than the coexistence critical point. What we did is consider two regimes for the differential equations, large B and small B. B, A, and C are parameters in the differential equations that control the system where B measures how responsive the predators are to change in the population, A represents predation of the prey, and C represents the satiation point of the prey population. For the large B case we were able to approximate the system of differential equations by a single scalar equation. For the small B case we were able to predict the limit cycle. The limit cycle is a process of the predator and prey populations growing and shrinking periodically. This model has a limit cycle in the regime of small B, that we solved for
Dualities and Curved Space Partition Functions of Supersymmetric Theories
Agarwal, Prarit
In this dissertation we discuss some conjectured dualities in supersymmetric field theories and provide non-trivial checks for these conjectures. A quick review of supersymmetry and related topics is provided in chapter 1. In chapter 2, we develop a method to identify the so called BPS states in the Hilbert space of a supersymmetric field theory (that preserves at least two real supercharges) on a generic curved space. As an application we obtain the superconformal index (SCI) of 4d theories. The large N SCI of quiver gauge theories has been previously noticed to factorize over the set of extremal BPS mesonic operators. In chapter 3, we reformulate this factorization in terms of the zigzag paths in the dimer model associated to the quiver and extend the factorization theorem of the index to include theories obtained from D-branes probing orbifold singularities. In chapter 4, we consider the dualities in two classes of 3 dimensional theories. The first class consist of dualities of certain necklace type Chern-Simons (CS) quiver gauge theories. A non trivial check of these dualities is provided by matching their squashed sphere partition functions. The second class consists of theories whose duals are described by a collection of free fields. In such cases, due to mixing between the superconformal R-symmetry and accidental symmetries, the matching of electric and magnetic partition functions is not straightforward. We provide a prescription to rectify this mismatch. In chapter 5, we consider some the N = 1 4d theories with orthogonal and symplectic gauge groups, arising from N = 1 preserving reduction of 6d theories on a Riemann surface. This construction allows us to dual descriptions of 4d theories. Some of the dual frames have no known Lagrangian description. We check the dualities by computing the anomaly coefficients and the superconformal indices. We also give a prescription to write the index of the theory obtained by reduction of 6d theories on a three
Supersymmetric Dark Matter after LHC Run 1
Bagnaschi, E A; Cavanaugh, R; Citron, M; De Roeck, A; Dolan, M J; Ellis, J R; Flaecher, H; Heinemeyer, S; Isidori, G; Malik, S; Santos, D Martinez; Olive, K A; Sakurai, K; de Vries, K J; Weiglein, G
2015-01-01
Different mechanisms operate in various regions of the MSSM parameter space to bring the relic density of the lightest neutralino, neutralino_1, assumed here to be the LSP and thus the Dark Matter (DM) particle, into the range allowed by astrophysics and cosmology. These mechanisms include coannihilation with some nearly-degenerate next-to-lightest supersymmetric particle (NLSP) such as the lighter stau (stau_1), stop (stop_1) or chargino (chargino_1), resonant annihilation via direct-channel heavy Higgs bosons H/A, the light Higgs boson h or the Z boson, and enhanced annihilation via a larger Higgsino component of the LSP in the focus-point region. These mechanisms typically select lower-dimensional subspaces in MSSM scenarios such as the CMSSM, NUHM1, NUHM2 and pMSSM10. We analyze how future LHC and direct DM searches can complement each other in the exploration of the different DM mechanisms within these scenarios. We find that the stau_1 coannihilation regions of the CMSSM, NUHM1, NUHM2 can largely be exp...
Likelihood Analysis of Supersymmetric SU(5) GUTs
Bagnaschi, E.
2017-01-01
We perform a likelihood analysis of the constraints from accelerator experiments and astrophysical observations on supersymmetric (SUSY) models with SU(5) boundary conditions on soft SUSY-breaking parameters at the GUT scale. The parameter space of the models studied has 7 parameters: a universal gaugino mass $m_{1/2}$, distinct masses for the scalar partners of matter fermions in five- and ten-dimensional representations of SU(5), $m_5$ and $m_{10}$, and for the $\\mathbf{5}$ and $\\mathbf{\\bar 5}$ Higgs representations $m_{H_u}$ and $m_{H_d}$, a universal trilinear soft SUSY-breaking parameter $A_0$, and the ratio of Higgs vevs $\\tan \\beta$. In addition to previous constraints from direct sparticle searches, low-energy and flavour observables, we incorporate constraints based on preliminary results from 13 TeV LHC searches for jets + MET events and long-lived particles, as well as the latest PandaX-II and LUX searches for direct Dark Matter detection. In addition to previously-identified mechanisms for bringi...
Supersymmetric Perturbations of the M5 brane
Niarchos, Vasilis
2014-01-01
We study long-wavelength supersymmetric deformations of brane solutions in supergravity using an extension of previous ideas within the general scheme of the blackfold approach. As a concrete example, we consider long-wavelength perturbations of the planar M2-M5 bound state solution in eleven-dimensional supergravity. We propose a specific ansatz for the first order deformation of the supergravity fields and explore how this deformation perturbs the Killing spinor equations. We find that a special part of these equations gives a projection equation on the Killing spinors that has the same structure as the $\\kappa$-symmetry condition of the abelian M5 brane theory. Requiring a match between supergravity and gauge theory implies a specific non-linear gauge-gravity map between the bosonic fields of the abelian M5 brane theory and the gravity-induced fluid-like degrees of freedom of the blackfold equations that control the perturbative gravity solution. This observation sheds new light on the SUGRA/DBI correspond...
Likelihood Analysis of Supersymmetric SU(5) GUTs
Bagnaschi, E.; Sakurai, K.; Borsato, M.; Buchmueller, O.; Cavanaugh, R.; Chobanova, V.; Citron, M.; De Roeck, A.; Dolan, M.J.; Ellis, J.R.; Flächer, H.; Heinemeyer, S.; Isidori, G.; Lucio, M.; Martínez Santos, D.; Olive, K.A.; Richards, A.; de Vries, K.J.; Weiglein, G.
2016-01-01
We perform a likelihood analysis of the constraints from accelerator experiments and astrophysical observations on supersymmetric (SUSY) models with SU(5) boundary conditions on soft SUSY-breaking parameters at the GUT scale. The parameter space of the models studied has 7 parameters: a universal gaugino mass $m_{1/2}$, distinct masses for the scalar partners of matter fermions in five- and ten-dimensional representations of SU(5), $m_5$ and $m_{10}$, and for the $\\mathbf{5}$ and $\\mathbf{\\bar 5}$ Higgs representations $m_{H_u}$ and $m_{H_d}$, a universal trilinear soft SUSY-breaking parameter $A_0$, and the ratio of Higgs vevs $\\tan \\beta$. In addition to previous constraints from direct sparticle searches, low-energy and flavour observables, we incorporate constraints based on preliminary results from 13 TeV LHC searches for jets + MET events and long-lived particles, as well as the latest PandaX-II and LUX searches for direct Dark Matter detection. In addition to previously-identified mechanisms for bringi...
Particle Physics And Cosmology In Supersymmetric Models
Morrissey, D E
2005-01-01
The Standard Model (SM) of particle physics provides an excellent description of the elementary particle interactions observed in particle collider experiments, but the model does less well when it is applied to cosmology. Recent measurements of the Universe over very large distances indicate the existence of non-luminous dark matter and an excess of baryons over anti-baryons. The SM is unable to account for either of these results, implying that an extension of the SM description is needed. One such extension is supersymmetry. Within the minimal supersymmetric version of the SM, the MSSM, the lightest superpartner particle can make up the dark matter, and the baryon asymmetry can be generated by the mechanism of electroweak baryogenesis (EWBG). In this work, we examine these issues together in order to find out whether the MSSM can account for both of them simultaneously. We find that the MSSM can explain both the baryon asymmetry and the dark matter, but only over a very constrained region of the model para...
Precision Holography with Supersymmetric Wilson Loops
Faraggi, Alberto; Silva, Guillermo A; Trancanelli, Diego
2016-01-01
We consider certain 1/4 BPS Wilson loop operators in $SU(N)$ ${\\cal N}=4$ super Yang-Mills theory, whose expectation value can be computed exactly via supersymmetric localization. Holographically, these operators are mapped to fundamental strings in $AdS_5\\times S^5$. The string on-shell action reproduces the large $N$ and large coupling limit of the gauge theory expectation value and, according to the AdS/CFT correspondence, there should also be a precise match between subleading corrections to these limits. We perform a test of such match at next-to-leading order in string theory, by computing the 1-loop determinant of the quantum fluctuations around the classical string configuration. A source of ambiguity, related to ghost zero modes, is removed by comparing our operator with the 1/2 BPS circular Wilson loop. We find perfect agreement between the string theory result and the gauge theory prediction. This successful match, besides being a high precision test of the AdS/CFT correspondence, elucidates some o...
On maximally supersymmetric Yang-Mills theories
Movshev, M
2004-01-01
We consider ten-dimensional supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory (10D SUSY YM theory) and its dimensional reductions, in particular, BFSS and IKKT models. We formulate these theories using algebraic techniques based on application of differential graded Lie algebras and associative algebras as well as of more general objects, L_{\\infty}- and A_{\\infty}- algebras. We show that using pure spinor formulation of 10D SUSY YM theory equations of motion and isotwistor formalism one can interpret these equations as Maurer-Cartan equations for some differential Lie algebra. This statement can be used to write BV action functional of 10D SUSY YM theory in Chern-Simons form. The differential Lie algebra we constructed is closely related to differential associative algebra Omega of (0, k)-forms on some supermanifold; the Lie algebra is tensor product of Omega and matrix algebra . We construct several other algebras that are quasiisomorphic to Omega and, therefore, also can be used to give BV formulation of 10D SUSY YM theory...
New Dualities in Supersymmetric Chiral Gauge Theories
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Craig, Nathaniel; /Princeton, Inst. Advanced Study /Rutgers U., Piscataway; Essig, Rouven; Hook, Anson; Torroba, Gonzalo; /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /SLAC
2011-08-15
We analyze the phase structure of supersymmetric chiral gauge theories with gauge group SU(N), an antisymmetric, and F {le} N + 3 flavors, in the presence of a cubic superpotential. When F = N + 3 the theory flows to a superconformal fixed point in the infrared, and new dual descriptions of this theory are uncovered. The theory with odd N admits a self-dual magnetic description. For general N, we find an infinite family of magnetic dual descriptions, characterized by arbitrarily large gauge groups and additional classical global symmetries that are truncated by nonperturbative effects. The infrared dynamics of these theories are analyzed using a-maximization, which supports the claim that all these theories flow to the same superconformal fixed point. A very rich phase structure is found when the number of flavors is reduced below N + 3, including a new self-dual point, transitions from conformal to confining, and a nonperturbative instability for F {le} N. We also give examples of chiral theories with antisymmetrics that have nonchiral duals.
Simulations of supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Demmouche, K.; Farchioni, F.; Ferling, A.; Muenster, G.; Wuilloud, J. [Muenster Univ. (Germany); Montvay, I. [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany); Scholz, E.E. [Fermi National Accelerator Lab., Batavia, IL (United States)
2009-11-15
Results of a numerical simulation concerning the low-lying spectrum of four-dimensional N = 1 SU(2) Supersymmetric Yang-Mills (SYM) theory on the lattice with light dynamical gluinos are reported. We use the tree-level Symanzik improved gauge action and Wilson fermions with stout smearing of the gauge links in the Wilson-Dirac operator. The configurations are produced with the Two-Step Polynomial Hybrid Monte Carlo (TS-PHMC) algorithm. We performed simulations on lattices up to a size of 24{sup 3}.48 at {beta}=1.6. Using QCD units with the Sommer scale being set to r{sub 0}=0.5 fm, the lattice spacing is about a {approx_equal}0.09 fm, and the spatial extent of the lattice corresponds to 2.1 fm to control finite size effects. At the lightest simulated gluino mass our results indicate a mass for the lightest gluino-glue bound state, which is considerably heavier than the values obtained for its possible superpartners. Whether supermultiplets are formed remains to be studied in upcoming simulations. (orig.)
The supersymmetric NUTs and bolts of holography
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Martelli, Dario; Passias, Achilleas [Department of Mathematics, King' s College London, The Strand, London WC2R 2LS (United Kingdom); Sparks, James [Mathematical Institute, University of Oxford, 24-29 St Giles' , Oxford OX1 3LB (United Kingdom)
2013-11-21
We show that a given conformal boundary can have a rich and intricate space of supersymmetric supergravity solutions filling it, focusing on the case where this conformal boundary is a biaxially squashed Lens space. Generically we find that the biaxially squashed Lens space S{sup 3}/Z{sub p} admits Taub-NUT-AdS fillings, with topology R{sup 4}/Z{sub p}, as well as smooth Taub-Bolt-AdS fillings with non-trivial topology. We show that the Taub-NUT-AdS solutions always lift to solutions of M-theory, and correspondingly that the gravitational free energy then agrees with the large N limit of the dual field theory free energy, obtained from the localized partition function of a class of N=2 Chern–Simons-matter theories. However, the solutions of Taub-Bolt-AdS type only lift to M-theory for appropriate classes of internal manifold, meaning that these solutions exist only for corresponding classes of three-dimensional N=2 field theories.
Supersymmetric plasma systems and their nonsupersymmetric counterparts
Czajka, Alina
2016-01-01
In this thesis a systematic comparison of supersymmetric plasma systems and their nonsupersymmetric counterparts is presented. The work is motivated by the AdS/CFT correspondence and the main aim is to check how much the plasma governed by the N=4 super Yang-Mills theory resembles the quark-gluon plasma studied experimentally in relativistic heavy-ion collisions. The analysis is done in a weak coupling regime where perturbative methods are applicable. Since the Keldysh-Schwinger approach is used, not only equilibrium but also nonequilibrium plasmas, which are assumed to be ultrarelativistic, are under consideration. First, using the functional techniques we introduce Faddeev-Popov ghosts into the Keldysh-Schwinger formalism of nonAbelian gauge theories. Next the collective excitations of the N=1 SUSY QED plasma are considered and compared to those of the usual QED system. The analysis is repeated to confront with each other the plasmas governed by the N=4 super Yang-Mills and QCD theories. Finally, transport ...
New Described Dermatological Disorders
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Müzeyyen Gönül
2014-01-01
Full Text Available Many advances in dermatology have been made in recent years. In the present review article, newly described disorders from the last six years are presented in detail. We divided these reports into different sections, including syndromes, autoinflammatory diseases, tumors, and unclassified disease. Syndromes included are “circumferential skin creases Kunze type” and “unusual type of pachyonychia congenita or a new syndrome”; autoinflammatory diseases include “chronic atypical neutrophilic dermatosis with lipodystrophy and elevated temperature (CANDLE syndrome,” “pyoderma gangrenosum, acne, and hidradenitis suppurativa (PASH syndrome,” and “pyogenic arthritis, pyoderma gangrenosum, acne, and hidradenitis suppurativa (PAPASH syndrome”; tumors include “acquired reactive digital fibroma,” “onychocytic matricoma and onychocytic carcinoma,” “infundibulocystic nail bed squamous cell carcinoma,” and “acral histiocytic nodules”; unclassified disorders include “saurian papulosis,” “symmetrical acrokeratoderma,” “confetti-like macular atrophy,” and “skin spicules,” “erythema papulosa semicircularis recidivans.”
Spin Measurements in Supersymmetric Models at the LHC
Lester, C G; The ATLAS collaboration
2009-01-01
I have been asked to talk about the prospects for Spin measurements at the LHC in relation to supersymmetric models. Post 2005 (i.e. post PHYS-2004-017 and ATL-PHYS-PUB-2005-023), the only such ATLAS work with PUB approval is ATL-PHYS-PUB-2007-004. As such, I am taking a very broad remit with this talk - and will mainly be talking about the above three works, and putting them in the context of prospective ideas for spin measurements at LHC experiments in general. My aims are to (1) to EDUCATE (to describe the sorts of methods that have been proposed both within ATLAS and outside to measure spins at the LHC) and (2) to INFORM the audience as to what has already been done in ATLAS. I will give due emphasis and credit to the works (PHYS-2004-017, ATL-PHYS-PUB-2005-023 and ATL-PHYS-PUB-2007-004).
On Newton's law in supersymmetric braneworld models
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Palma, G.A.
2007-05-15
We study the propagation of gravitons within 5-D supersymmetric braneworld models with a bulk scalar field. The setup considered here consists of a 5-D bulk spacetime bounded by two 4-D branes localized at the fixed points of an S{sup 1}/Z{sub 2} orbifold. There is a scalar field {phi} in the bulk which, provided a superpotential W({phi}), determines the warped geometry of the 5-D spacetime. This type of scenario is common in string theory, where the bulk scalar field {phi} is related to the volume of small compact extra dimensions. We show that, after the moduli are stabilized by supersymmetry breaking terms localized on the branes, the only relevant degrees of freedom in the bulk consist of a 5-D massive spectrum of gravitons. Then we analyze the gravitational interaction between massive bodies localized at the positive tension brane mediated by these bulk gravitons. It is shown that the Newtonian potential describing this interaction picks up a non-trivial contribution at short distances that depends on the shape of the superpotential W({phi}). We compute this contribution for dilatonic braneworld scenarios W({phi})=e{sup {alpha}}{sup {phi}} (where {alpha} is a constant) and discuss the particular case of 5-D Heterotic M-theory: It is argued that a specific footprint at micron scales could be observable in the near future. (orig.)
Supersymmetric quantum mechanics approach to a nonlinear lattice
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ricotta, Regina Maria [Faculdade de Tecnologia de Sao Paulo (FATEC), SP (Brazil); Drigo Filho, Elso [Universidade Estadual Paulista Julio de Mesquita Filho (UNESP), SP (Brazil)
2011-07-01
Full text: DNA is one of the most important macromolecules of all biological system. New discoveries about it have open a vast new field of research, the physics of nonlinear DNA. A particular feature that has attracted a lot of attention is the thermal denaturation, i.e., the spontaneous separation of the two strands upon heating. In 1989 a simple lattice model for the denaturation of the DNA was proposed, the Peyrard-Bishop model, PB. The bio molecule is described by two chains of particles coupled by nonlinear springs, simulating the hydrogen bonds that connect the two basis in a pair. The potential for the hydrogen bonds is usually approximated by a Morse potential. The Hamiltonian system generates a partition function which allows the evaluation of the thermodynamical quantities such as mean strength of the basis pairs. As a byproduct the Hamiltonian system was shown to be a NLSE (nonlinear Schroedinger equation) having soliton solutions. On the other hand, a reflectionless potential with one bound state, constructed using supersymmetric quantum mechanics, SQM, can be shown to be identical to a soliton solution of the KdV equation. Thus, motivated by this Hamiltonian problem and inspired by the PB model, we consider the Hamiltonian of a reflectionless potential through SQM, in order to evaluate thermodynamical quantities of a unidimensional lattice with possible biological applications. (author)
Formulation of Free Higher Spin Supersymmetric Theories in Superspace
Phillips, J
2005-01-01
The N = 1 superfield formalism in four-dimensions is well formulated and understood, yet there remain unsolved problems. In this thesis, superfield actions for free massless and massive higher spin superfield theories are formulated in four dimensions. The discussion of massless models is restricted to half integer superhelicity. These models describe multiplets with helicities (s, s-1/2) where s is an integer. The investigation of massive models covers recent work on superspin-3/2 and superspin-1 multiplets. Superspin-3/2 multiplets contain component fields with spins (2, 3/2, 3/2, 1) and superspin-1 multiplets contain component fields with spins (3/2, 1, 1, 1/2). The super projector method is used to distinguish supersymmetric subspaces. Here, this method is used to write general superspace actions. The underlying geometrical structure of superspace actions is elucidated when they are written in terms of super projectors. This thesis also discusses the connection between four-dimensional massive theories an...
A renormalization in group study of supersymmetric field theories
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Heilmann, Marianne
2015-05-13
This thesis analyses scalar supersymmetric field theories within the framework of the functional renormalization group (FRG). Classical physics on microscopic scales is connected to the effective model on macroscopic scales via the scale-dependent effective average action by a reformulation of the path integral. Three supersymmetric theories are explored in detail: supersymmetric quantum mechanics, the three-dimensional Wess-Zumino model and supersymmetric spherical theories in three dimensions. The corresponding renormalization group flow is formulated in a manifestly supersymmetric way. By utilizing an expansion of the effective average action in derivative operators, an adequate and intrinsically non-perturbative truncation scheme is selected. In quantum mechanics, the supersymmetric derivative expansion is shown to converge by increasing the order of truncation. Besides, high-accuracy results for the ground and first excited state energies for quantum systems with conserved as well as spontaneously broken supersymmetry are achieved. Furthermore, the critical behaviour of the three-dimensional Wess-Zumino is investigated. Via spectral methods, a global Wilson-Fisher scaling solution and its corresponding universal exponents are determined. Besides, a superscaling relation of the leading exponents is verified for arbitrary dimensions greater than or equal to two. Lastly, three-dimensional spherical, supersymmetric theories are analysed. Their phase structure is determined in detail for infinite as well as finitely many superfields. The exact one-parameter scaling solution for infinitely many fields is shown to collapse to a single non-trivial Wilson-Fisher fixed-point for finitely many superfields. It is pointed out that the strongly-coupled domains of these theories are plagued by Landau poles and non-analyticities, indicating spontaneous supersymmetry breaking.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kneur, J.L
2006-06-15
This document is divided into 2 parts. The first part describes a particular re-summation technique of perturbative series that can give a non-perturbative results in some cases. We detail some applications in field theory and in condensed matter like the calculation of the effective temperature of Bose-Einstein condensates. The second part deals with the minimal supersymmetric standard model. We present an accurate calculation of the mass spectrum of supersymmetric particles, a calculation of the relic density of supersymmetric black matter, and the constraints that we can infer from models.
Supersymmetric dark matter after LHC run 1
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bagnaschi, E.A.; Weiglein, G. [DESY, Hamburg (Germany); Buchmueller, O.; Citron, M.; Malik, S.; De Vries, K.J. [High Energy Physics Group, Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College, London (United Kingdom); Cavanaugh, R. [Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, P.O. Box 500, Batavia, IL (United States); University of Illinois at Chicago, Physics Department, Chicago, IL (United States); De Roeck, A. [CERN, Physics Department, Geneva 23 (Switzerland); Antwerp University, Wilrijk (Belgium); Dolan, M.J. [Theory Group, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA (United States); University of Melbourne, ARC Centre of Excellence for Particle Physics at the Terascale, School of Physics, Parkville (Australia); Ellis, J.R. [CERN, Physics Department, Geneva 23 (Switzerland); King' s College London, Theoretical Particle Physics and Cosmology Group, Department of Physics, London (United Kingdom); Flaecher, H. [University of Bristol, H.H. Wills Physics Laboratory, Bristol (United Kingdom); Heinemeyer, S. [Instituto de Fisica de Cantabria (CSIC-UC), Santander (Spain); Isidori, G. [Physik-Institut, Universitaet Zuerich, Zuerich (Switzerland); Martinez Santos, D. [Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, Santiago de Compostela (Spain); Olive, K.A. [University of Minnesota, William I. Fine Theoretical Physics Institute, School of Physics and Astronomy, Minneapolis, MN (United States); Sakurai, K. [King' s College London, Theoretical Particle Physics and Cosmology Group, Department of Physics, London (United Kingdom)
2015-10-15
Different mechanisms operate in various regions of the MSSM parameter space to bring the relic density of the lightest neutralino, χ{sub 1}{sup 0}, assumed here to be the lightest SUSY particle (LSP) and thus the dark matter (DM) particle, into the range allowed by astrophysics and cosmology. These mechanisms include coannihilation with some nearly degenerate next-to-lightest supersymmetric particle such as the lighter stau τ{sub 1}, stop t{sub 1} or chargino χ{sub 1}{sup ±}, resonant annihilation via direct-channel heavy Higgs bosons H/A, the light Higgs boson h or the Z boson, and enhanced annihilation via a larger Higgsino component of the LSP in the focus-point region. These mechanisms typically select lower-dimensional subspaces in MSSM scenarios such as the CMSSM, NUHM1, NUHM2, and pMSSM10. We analyze how future LHC and direct DM searches can complement each other in the exploration of the different DM mechanisms within these scenarios. We find that the τ{sub 1} coannihilation regions of the CMSSM, NUHM1, NUHM2 can largely be explored at the LHC via searches for E{sub T} events and longlived charged particles, whereas their H/A funnel, focus-point and χ{sub 1}{sup ±} coannihilation regions can largely be explored by the LZ and Darwin DM direct detection experiments. We find that the dominant DM mechanism in our pMSSM10 analysis is χ{sub 1}{sup ±} coannihilation: parts of its parameter space can be explored by the LHC, and a larger portion by future direct DM searches. (orig.)
Supersymmetric dark matter after LHC run 1
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bagnaschi, E.A. [DESY Hamburg (Germany); Buchmueller, O. [Imperial College, London (United Kingdom). Blackett Laboratory; Cavanaugh, R. [Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, Batavia, IL (United States); Illinois Univ., Chicago, IL (United States). Physics Dept.; and others
2015-08-15
Different mechanisms operate in various regions of the MSSM parameter space to bring the relic density of the lightest neutralino, χ{sup 0}{sub 1}, assumed here to be the LSP and thus the Dark Matter (DM) particle, into the range allowed by astrophysics and cosmology. These mechanisms include coannihilation with some nearly-degenerate next-to-lightest supersymmetric particle (NLSP) such as the lighter stau τ{sub 1}, stop t{sub 1} or chargino χ{sup ±}{sub 1}, resonant annihilation via direct-channel heavy Higgs bosons H/A, the light Higgs boson h or the Z boson, and enhanced annihilation via a larger Higgsino component of the LSP in the focus-point region. These mechanisms typically select lower-dimensional subspaces in MSSM scenarios such as the CMSSM, NUHM1, NUHM2 and pMSSM10. We analyze how future LHC and direct DM searches can complement each other in the exploration of the different DM mechanisms within these scenarios. We find that the τ{sub 1} coannihilation regions of the CMSSM, NUHM1, NUHM2 can largely be explored at the LHC via searches for missing E{sub T} events and long-lived charged particles, whereas their H/A funnel, focus-point and χ{sup ±}{sub 1} coannihilation regions can largely be explored by the LZ and Darwin DM direct detection experiments. We find that the dominant DM mechanism in our pMSSM10 analysis is χ{sup ±}{sub 1} coannihilation: parts of its parameter space can be explored by the LHC, and a larger portion by future direct DM searches.
Particle physics and cosmology in supersymmetric models
Morrissey, David Edgar
The Standard Model (SM) of particle physics provides an excellent description of the elementary particle interactions observed in particle collider experiments, but the model does less well when it is applied to cosmology. Recent measurements of the Universe over very large distances indicate the existence of non-luminous dark matter and an excess of baryons over anti-baryons. The SM is unable to account for either of these results, implying that an extension of the SM description is needed. One such extension is supersymmetry. Within the minimal supersymmetric version of the SM, the MSSM, the lightest superpartner particle can make up the dark matter, and the baryon asymmetry can be generated by the mechanism of electroweak baryogenesis (EWBG). In this work, we examine these issues together in order to find out whether the MSSM can account for both of them simultaneously. We find that the MSSM can explain both the baryon asymmetry and the dark matter, but only over a very constrained region of the model parameter space. The strongest constraints on this scenario come from the lower bound on the Higgs boson mass, and the upper bound on the electric dipole moment of the electron. Moreover, upcoming experiments will probe the remaining allowed parameter space in the near future. Some of these constraints may be relaxed by going beyond the MSSM. With this in mind, we also investigate the nMSSM, a minimal singlet extension of the MSSM. We find that this model can also explain both the dark matter and the baryon asymmetry.
Supersymmetric dark matter after LHC run 1.
Bagnaschi, E A; Buchmueller, O; Cavanaugh, R; Citron, M; De Roeck, A; Dolan, M J; Ellis, J R; Flächer, H; Heinemeyer, S; Isidori, G; Malik, S; Martínez Santos, D; Olive, K A; Sakurai, K; de Vries, K J; Weiglein, G
Different mechanisms operate in various regions of the MSSM parameter space to bring the relic density of the lightest neutralino, [Formula: see text], assumed here to be the lightest SUSY particle (LSP) and thus the dark matter (DM) particle, into the range allowed by astrophysics and cosmology. These mechanisms include coannihilation with some nearly degenerate next-to-lightest supersymmetric particle such as the lighter stau [Formula: see text], stop [Formula: see text] or chargino [Formula: see text], resonant annihilation via direct-channel heavy Higgs bosons H / A, the light Higgs boson h or the Z boson, and enhanced annihilation via a larger Higgsino component of the LSP in the focus-point region. These mechanisms typically select lower-dimensional subspaces in MSSM scenarios such as the CMSSM, NUHM1, NUHM2, and pMSSM10. We analyze how future LHC and direct DM searches can complement each other in the exploration of the different DM mechanisms within these scenarios. We find that the [Formula: see text] coannihilation regions of the CMSSM, NUHM1, NUHM2 can largely be explored at the LHC via searches for [Formula: see text] events and long-lived charged particles, whereas their H / A funnel, focus-point and [Formula: see text] coannihilation regions can largely be explored by the LZ and Darwin DM direct detection experiments. We find that the dominant DM mechanism in our pMSSM10 analysis is [Formula: see text] coannihilation: parts of its parameter space can be explored by the LHC, and a larger portion by future direct DM searches.
Non-Kaehler string backgrounds and their five torsion classes
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Cardoso, G.L. E-mail: gcardoso@physik.hu-berlin.de; Curio, G. E-mail: curio@physik.hu-berlin.de; Dall' Agata, G. E-mail: dallagat@physik.hu-berlin.de; Luest, D. E-mail: luest@physik.hu-berlin.de; Manousselis, P. E-mail: pman@central.ntua.gr; Zoupanos, G. E-mail: george.zoupanos@cern.ch
2003-03-03
We discuss the mathematical properties of six-dimensional non-Kaehler manifolds which occur in the context of N=1 supersymmetric heterotic and type IIA string compactifications with non-vanishing background H-field. The intrinsic torsion of the associated SU(3) structures falls into five different classes. For heterotic compactifications we present an explicit dictionary between the supersymmetry conditions and these five torsion classes. We show that the non-Ricci-flat Iwasawa manifold solves the supersymmetry conditions with non-zero H-field, so that it is a consistent heterotic supersymmetric groundstate.
Subtleties in the beta-function calculation of N = 1 supersymmetric gauge theories
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Cherchiglia, A.L. [ICEx, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Departamento de Fisica, P.O. Box 702, Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil); Universidad de Granada, Departamento de Fisica Teorica y del Cosmos and CAFPE, Granada (Spain); Sampaio, Marcos [ICEx, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Departamento de Fisica, P.O. Box 702, Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil); Hiller, B. [CFisUC, Universidade de Coimbra, Departamento de Fisica, Faculdade de Ciencias e Tecnologia, Coimbra (Portugal); Scarpelli, A.P.B. [Setor Tecnico-Cientifico, Departamento de Policia Federal, Sao Paulo (Brazil)
2016-02-15
We investigate some peculiarities in the calculation of the two-loop beta function of N = 1 supersymmetric models which are intimately related to the so-called ''anomaly puzzle''. There is an apparent paradox when the computation is performed in the framework of the covariant derivative background field method. In this formalism, there is obtained a finite two-loop effective action, although a non-null coefficient for the beta function is achieved by means of the renormalized two-point function in the background field. We show that if the standard background field method is used, this two-point function has a divergent part which allows for the calculation of the beta function via the renormalization constants, as usual. Therefore, we conjecture that this paradox has its origin in the covariant supergraph formalism itself, possibly being an artifact of the rescaling anomaly. (orig.)
Comments on twisted indices in 3d supersymmetric gauge theories
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Closset, Cyril [Simons Center for Geometry and PhysicsState University of New York, Stony Brook, NY 11794 (United States); Kim, Heeyeon [Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics31 Caroline Street North, Waterloo, N2L 2Y5, Ontario (Canada)
2016-08-09
We study three-dimensional N=2 supersymmetric gauge theories on Σ{sub g}×S{sup 1} with a topological twist along Σ{sub g}, a genus-g Riemann surface. The twisted supersymmetric index at genus g and the correlation functions of half-BPS loop operators on S{sup 1} can be computed exactly by supersymmetric localization. For g=1, this gives a simple UV computation of the 3d Witten index. Twisted indices provide us with a clean derivation of the quantum algebra of supersymmetric Wilson loops, for any Yang-Mills-Chern-Simons-matter theory, in terms of the associated Bethe equations for the theory on ℝ{sup 2}×S{sup 1}. This also provides a powerful and simple tool to study 3d N=2 Seiberg dualities. Finally, we study A- and B-twisted indices for N=4 supersymmetric gauge theories, which turns out to be very useful for quantitative studies of three-dimensional mirror symmetry. We also briefly comment on a relation between the S{sup 2}×S{sup 1} twisted indices and the Hilbert series of N=4 moduli spaces.
String Corrections to the Holographic RG Flow of Supersymmetric SU(N+M) x SU(N) Gauge Theory
Frolov, S; Tseytlin, Arkady A; Frolov, Sergey; Klebanov, Igor R.; Tseytlin, Arkady A.
2002-01-01
We study leading string corrections to the type IIB supergravity solution dual to the ${\\cal N}=1$ supersymmetric $SU(N+M)\\times SU(N)$ gauge theory coupled to bifundamental chiral superfields $A_i, B_j$, $i,j=1,2$. This solution was found in hep-th/0007191, and its asymptotic form describing logarithmic RG flow was constructed in hep-th/0002159. The leading tree-level string correction to the type IIB string effective action is represented by the invariant of the form $\\alpha'^3 (R^4 + ...)$. Since the background contains 3-form field strengths, we need to know parts of this invariant that depend on them. By analyzing the 5-point superstring scattering amplitudes we show that only a few specific $R^3 (H_3)^2$ and $R^3 (F_3)^2$ terms are present in the effective action. Their contribution to the holographic RG flow turns out to be of the same order as of the $R^4$ terms. This fact is crucial for finding agreement between the $\\alpha'$-corrected radial dependence of the supergravity fields and the RG flow dict...
Neuman, Susan B.; Kaefer, Tanya; Pinkham, Ashley
2014-01-01
This article make a case for the importance of background knowledge in children's comprehension. It suggests that differences in background knowledge may account for differences in understanding text for low- and middle-income children. It then describes strategies for building background knowledge in the age of common core standards.
Two-graviton interaction in pp-wave background in Matrix theory and Supergravity
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Lee, Hok Kong E-mail: hok@theory.caltech.edu; Wu Xinkai E-mail: xinkaiwu@theory.caltech.edu
2003-08-18
We compute the two-body one-loop effective action for the Matrix theory in the pp-wave background, and compare it to the effective action on the Supergravity side in the same background. Agreement is found for the effective actions on both sides. This points to the existence of a supersymmetric nonrenormalization theorem in the pp-wave background.
Supersymmetric Contributions to the Decay of an Extra Z Boson
Gherghetta, Tony; Kane, G L; Gherghetta, Tony; Kaeding, Thomas A.; Kane, Gordon L.
1998-01-01
We analyse in detail the supersymmetric contributions to the decay of an extra Z boson in effective rank 5 models, including the important effect of D-terms on sfermion masses. The inclusion of supersymmetric decay channels will reduce the Z' branching ratio to standard model particles resulting in lower Z' mass limits than those often quoted. In particular, the supersymmetric parameter space motivated by the recent Fermilab $ee\\gamma\\gamma$ event and other suggestive evidence results in a branching fraction B(Z' -> e^+ e^-)\\simeq 2-4%. The expected cross sections and branching ratios could give a few events in the present data and we speculate on the connection to the three e^+e^- events observed at Fermilab with large dielectron invariant mass.
Resurgent Analysis of Localizable Observables in Supersymmetric Gauge Theories
Aniceto, Inês; Schiappa, Ricardo
2015-01-01
Localization methods have recently led to a plethora of new exact results in supersymmetric gauge theories, as certain observables may be computed in terms of matrix integrals. These can then be evaluated by making use of standard large N techniques, or else via perturbative expansions in the gauge coupling. Either approximation often leads to observables given in terms of asymptotic series, which need to be properly defined in order to obtain nonperturbative results. At the same time, resurgent analysis has recently been successfully applied to several problems, e.g., in quantum, field and string theories, precisely to overcome this issue and construct nonperturbative answers out of asymptotic perturbative expansions. The present work uses exact results from supersymmetric localization to address the resurgent structure of the free energy and partition function of Chern-Simons and ABJM gauge theories in three dimensions, and of N=2 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theories in four dimensions. For each case, the com...
Extended Supersymmetric BMS$_3$ algebras and Their Free Field Realisations
Banerjee, Nabamita; Lodato, Ivano; Mukhi, Sunil; Neogi, Turmoli
2016-01-01
We study $N=(2,4,8)$ supersymmetric extensions of the three dimensional BMS algebra (BMS$_3$) with most generic possible central extensions. We find that $N$-extended supersymmetric BMS$_3$ algebras can be derived by a suitable contraction of two copies of the extended superconformal algebras. Extended algebras from all the consistent contractions are obtained by scaling left-moving and right-moving supersymmetry generators symmetrically, while Virasoro and R-symmetry generators are scaled asymmetrically. On the way, we find that the BMS/GCA correspondence does not in general hold for supersymmetric systems. Using the $\\beta$-$\\gamma$ and the ${\\mathfrak b}$-${\\mathfrak c}$ systems, we construct free field realisations of all the extended super-BMS$_3$ algebras.
The Minimal Supersymmetric Model without a mu term
Nelson, A E; Sanz, V; Unsal, M; Nelson, Ann E.; Rius, Nuria; Sanz, Veronica; Unsal, Mithat
2002-01-01
We propose a supersymmetric extension of the standard model which is a realistic alternative to the MSSM, and which has several advantages. No ``mu'' supersymmetric Higgs/Higgsino mass parameter is needed for sufficiently heavy charginos. An approximate U(1) R symmetry naturally guarantees that tan beta is large, explaining the top/bottom quark mass hierarchy. This symmetry also suppresses supersymmetric contributions to anomalous magnetic moments, b to s gamma, and proton decay, and these processes place no lower bounds on superpartner masses, even at large tan beta. The soft supersymmetry breaking mass parameters can easily be obtained from either gauge or Planck scale mediation, without the usual mu problem. Unlike in the MSSM, there are significant upper bounds on the masses of superpartners, including an upper bound of 114 GeV on the mass of the lightest chargino. However the MSSM bound on the lightest Higgs mass does not apply.
Supersymmetric Lepton Flavour Violation in Low-Scale Seesaw Models
Ilakovac, Amon
2009-01-01
We study a new supersymmetric mechanism for lepton flavour violation in \\mu and \\tau decays and \\mu -> e conversion in nuclei, within a minimal extension of the MSSM with low-mass heavy singlet neutrinos and sneutrinos. We find that the decays \\mu -> e\\gamma$, \\tau -> e\\gamma and \\tau -> \\mu\\gamma are forbidden in the supersymmetric limit of the theory, whereas other processes, such as \\mu -> eee, \\mu -> e conversion, \\tau -> eee and \\tau -> e\\mu\\mu, are allowed and can be dramatically enhanced several orders of magnitude above the observable level by potentially large neutrino Yukawa coupling effects. The profound implications of supersymmetric lepton flavour violation for present and future experiments are discussed.
Geometry of non-supersymmetric three-charge bound states
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Gimon, Eric; Gimon, Eric G.; Levi, Thomas S.; Ross, Simon F.
2007-05-14
We study the smooth non-supersymmetric three-charge microstatesof Jejjala, Madden, Ross and Titchener using Kaluza-Klein reductions of the solutions to five and four dimensions. Our aim is to improve our understanding of the relation between these non-supersymmetric solutions and the well-studied supersymmetric cases. We find some surprising qualitative differences. In the five-dimensional description, the solution has orbifold fixed points which break supersymmetry locally, so the geometries cannot be thought of as made up of separate half-BPS centers. In the four-dimensional description, the two singularities in the geometry are connected by a conical singularity, which makes it impossible to treat them independently and assign unambiguous brane charges to these centers.
Deviations From Newton's Law in Supersymmetric Large Extra Dimensions
Callin, P
2006-01-01
Deviations from Newton's Inverse-Squared Law at the micron length scale are smoking-gun signals for models containing Supersymmetric Large Extra Dimensions (SLEDs), which have been proposed as approaches for resolving the Cosmological Constant Problem. Just like their non-supersymmetric counterparts, SLED models predict gravity to deviate from the inverse-square law because of the advent of new dimensions at sub-millimeter scales. However SLED models differ from their non-supersymmetric counterparts in three important ways: (i) the size of the extra dimensions is fixed by the observed value of the Dark Energy density, making it impossible to shorten the range over which new deviations from Newton's law must be seen; (ii) supersymmetry predicts there to be more fields in the extra dimensions than just gravity, implying different types of couplings to matter and the possibility of repulsive as well as attractive interactions; and (iii) the same mechanism which is purported to keep the cosmological constant natu...
Relation Between the Pole Mass and MS Mass of Top Quark in Supersymmetric QCD
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
CHEN Shao-Long; FENG Tai-Fu; LI Xue-Qian
2001-01-01
We discuss the relation between the pole mass and MS mass of top quark in the framework of the supersymmetric QCD. We find that the supersymmetric contributions are comparable to those of the standard model.
Relation Between the Pole Mass and MS Mass of Top Quark in Supersymmetric QCD
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
CHENShao－Long; FENGTai－Fu; 等
2001-01-01
We discuss the relation between the pole mass and MS mass of top quark in the framework of the supersymmetric QCD.We find that the supersymmetric contributions are comparable to those of the standard model.
Herrmann, Björn; Klasen, Michael; Kovařík, Karol
2009-10-01
We describe in detail our calculation of the full supersymmetric QCD corrections to neutralino annihilation into heavy quarks and extend our numerical analysis of the resulting dark matter relic density to scenarios without scalar or gaugino mass unification. In these scenarios, the final state is often composed of top quarks and the annihilation proceeds through Z0-boson or scalar top-quark exchanges. The impact of the corrections is again shown to be sizable, so that they must be taken into account systematically in global analyses of the supersymmetry parameter space.
Two loop effective Kähler potential of (non-)renormalizable supersymmetric models
Nibbelink, S G; Nibbelink, Stefan Groot; Nyawelo, Tino S.
2006-01-01
We perform a supergraph computation of the effective Kaehler potential at one and two loops for general four dimensional N=1 supersymmetric theories described by arbitrary Kaehler potential, superpotential and gauge kinetic function. We only insist on gauge invariance of the Kaehler potential and the superpotential as we heavily rely on its consequences in the quantum theory. However, we do not require gauge invariance for the gauge kinetic functions, so that our results can also be applied to anomalous theories that involve the Green-Schwarz mechanism. We illustrate our two loop results by considering a few simple models: the (non-)renormalizable Wess-Zumino model and Super Quantum Electrodynamics.
Invariant Regularization of Supersymmetric Chiral Gauge Theory, 2
Hayashi, T; Okuyama, K; Suzuki, H; Hayashi, Takuya; Ohshima, Yoshihisa; Okuyama, Kiyoshi; Suzuki, Hiroshi
1998-01-01
By supplementing additional analyses postponed in the previous paper, we complete our construction of manifestly supersymmetric gauge-covariant regularization of supersymmetric chiral gauge theories. We present: An evaluation of the covariant gauge anomaly; the proof of integrability of the covariant gauge current in anomaly-free cases; a calculation of one-loop superconformal anomaly in the gauge supermultiplet sector. On the last point, we find that the ghost-anti-ghost supermultiplet and the Nakanishi-Lautrup supermultiplet give rise to BRST exact contributions which, due to the Slavnov-Taylor identities in our regularization scheme, can safely be neglected.
Supersymmetric quantum mechanics for two-dimensional disk
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Akira Suzuki; Ranabir Dutt; Rajat K Bahaduri
2005-07-01
The infinite square well potential in one dimension has a smooth supersymmetric partner potential which is shape invariant. In this paper, we study the generalization of this to two dimensions by constructing the supersymmetric partner of the disk billiard. We find that the property of shape invariance is lost in this case. Nevertheless, the WKB results are significantly improved when SWKB calculations are performed with the square of the superpotential. We also study the effect of inserting a singular flux line through the center of the disk.
A review of Higgs mass calculations in supersymmetric models
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Draper, P.; Rzehak, H.
2016-01-01
related to the electroweak hierarchy problem. Perhaps the most extensively studied examples are supersymmetric models, which, while capable of producing a 125 GeV Higgs boson with SM-like properties, do so in non-generic parts of their parameter spaces. We review the computation of the Higgs mass...... in the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model, in particular the large radiative corrections required to lift mh to 125 GeV and their calculation via Feynman-diagrammatic and effective field theory techniques. This review is intended as an entry point for readers new to the field, and as a summary of the current...
Dark matter and dark forces from a supersymmetric hidden sector
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Andreas, S.; Goodsell, M.D.; Ringwald, A.
2011-09-15
We show that supersymmetric ''Dark Force'' models with gravity mediation are viable. To this end, we analyse a simple supersymmetric hidden sector model that interacts with the visible sector via kinetic mixing of a light Abelian gauge boson with the hypercharge. We include all induced interactions with the visible sector such as neutralino mass mixing and the Higgs portal term. We perform a detailed parameter space scan comparing the produced dark matter relic abundance and direct detection cross-sections to current experiments. (orig.)
Metastable Vacua in Deformed N=2 Supersymmetric Models
Halyo, Edi
2009-01-01
We show that supersymmetric Abelian models that are obtained from deformations of those with ${\\cal N}=2$ supersymmetry also contain metastable vacua for a wide range of parameters. The deformations we consider are combinations of masses for charged and singlet fields, a singlet F--term and an anomalous D--term. We find that, in all cases, the nonsupersymmetric vacua are parametrically far from the supersymmetric ones and therefore metastable. Using retrofitting, we show that these metastable vacua may lead to semi--realistic phenomenology.
Supersymmetric quantum mechanics on the lattice: I. Loop formulation
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
David Baumgartner
2015-05-01
Full Text Available Simulations of supersymmetric field theories on the lattice with (spontaneously broken supersymmetry suffer from a fermion sign problem related to the vanishing of the Witten index. We propose a novel approach which solves this problem in low dimensions by formulating the path integral on the lattice in terms of fermion loops. For N=2 supersymmetric quantum mechanics the loop formulation becomes particularly simple and in this paper – the first in a series of three – we discuss in detail the reformulation of this model in terms of fermionic and bosonic bonds for various lattice discretisations including one which is Q-exact.
Consistent gravitino couplings in non-supersymmetric strings
Dudas, E A
2001-01-01
The massless spectrum of the ten dimensional USp(32) type I string has an N=1 supergravity multiplet coupled to non-supersymmetric matter. This raises the question of the consistency of the gravitino interactions. We resolve this apparent puzzle by arguing for the existence of a local supersymmetry which is non-linearly realised in the open sector. We determine the leading order low energy effective Lagrangian. Similar results are expected to apply to lower dimensional type I models where supergravity is coupled to non-supersymmetric branes.
Global Properties of Supersymmetric Theories and the Lens Space
Razamat, Shlomo S
2013-01-01
We compute the supersymmetric partition function on L(r,1)xS^1, the lens space index, for 4d gauge theories related by supersymmetric dualities and involving non simply-connected groups. This computation is sensitive to the global properties of the underlying gauge group and to discrete theta angle parameters and thus distinguishes versions of dualities differing by such. We explicitly discuss N=1 so(N_c) Seiberg dualities and N=4 su(N_c) S-dualities.
Supersymmetric quantum mechanics on the lattice: I. Loop formulation
Baumgartner, David
2014-01-01
Simulations of supersymmetric field theories on the lattice with (spontaneously) broken supersymmetry suffer from a fermion sign problem related to the vanishing of the Witten index. We propose a novel approach which solves this problem in low dimensions by formulating the path integral on the lattice in terms of fermion loops. For N = 2 supersymmetric quantum mechanics the loop formulation becomes particularly simple and in this paper - the first in a series of three - we discuss in detail the reformulation of this model in terms of fermionic and bosonic bonds for various lattice discretisations including one which is Q-exact.
Aaltonen, T; Adelman, J; Affolder, T; Akimoto, T; Albrow, M G; Amerio, S; Amidei, D; Anastassov, A; Anikeev, K; Annovi, A; Antos, J; Aoki, M; Apollinari, G; Arisawa, T; Artikov, A; Ashmanskas, W; Attal, A; Aurisano, A; Azfar, F; Azzi-Bacchetta, P; Azzurri, P; Bacchetta, N; Badgett, W; Barbaro-Galtieri, A; Barnes, V E; Barnett, B A; Baroiant, S; Bartsch, V; Bauer, G; Beauchemin, P H; Bedeschi, F; Behari, S; Bellettini, G; Bellinger, J; Belloni, A; Benjamin, D; Beretvas, A; Beringer, J; Berry, T; Bhatti, A; Binkley, M; Bisello, D; Bizjak, I; Blair, R E; Blocker, C; Blumenfeld, B; Bocci, A; Bodek, A; Boisvert, V; Bölla, G; Bolshov, A; Bortoletto, D; Boudreau, J; Boveia, A; Brau, B; Brigliadori, L; Bromberg, C; Brubaker, E; Budagov, Yu; Budd, H S; Budd, S; Burkett, K; Busetto, G; Bussey, P; Buzatu, A; Byrum, K L; Cabrera, S; Campanelli, M; Campbell, M; Canelli, F; Canepa, A; Carillo, S; Carlsmith, D; Carosi, R; Carron, S; Casal, B; Casarsa, M; Castro, A; Catastini, P; Cauz, D; Cavalli-Sforza, M; Cerri, A; Cerrito, L; Chang, S H; Chen, Y C; Chertok, M; Chiarelli, G; Chlachidze, G; Chlebana, F; Cho, I; Cho, K; Chokheli, D; Chou, J P; Choudalakis, G; Chuang, S H; Chung, K; Chung, W H; Chung, Y S; Cilijak, M; Ciobanu, C I; Ciocci, M A; Clark, A; Clark, D; Coca, M; Compostella, G; Convery, M E; Conway, J; Cooper, B; Copic, K; Cordelli, M; Cortiana, G; Crescioli, F; Cuenca-Almenar, C; Cuevas-Maestro, J; Culbertson, R; Cully, J C; Da Ronco, S; Datta, M; D'Auria, S; Davies, T; Dagenhart, D; De Barbaro, P; De Cecco, S; Deisher, A; De Lentdecker, G; De Lorenzo, G; Dell'Orso, Mauro; Delli Paoli, F; Demortier, L; Deng, J; Deninno, M; De Pedis, D; Derwent, P F; Di Giovanni, G P; Dionisi, C; Di Ruzza, B; Dittmann, J R; D'Onofrio, M; Dorr, C; Donati, S; Dong, P; Donini, J; Dorigo, T; Dube, S; Efron, J; Erbacher, R; Errede, D; Errede, S; Eusebi, R; Fang, H C; Farrington, S; Fedorko, I; Fedorko, W T; Feild, R G; Feindt, M; Fernández, J P; Field, R; Flanagan, G; Forrest, R; Forrester, S; Franklin, M; Freeman, J C; Furic, I; Gallinaro, M; Galyardt, J; García, J E; Garberson, F; Garfinkel, A F; Gay, C; Gerberich, H; Gerdes, D; Giagu, S; Giannetti, P; Gibson, K; Gimmell, J L; Ginsburg, C; Giokaris, N; Giordani, M; Giromini, P; Giunta, M; Giurgiu, G; Glagolev, V; Glenzinski, D; Gold, M; Goldschmidt, N; Goldstein, J; Golossanov, A; Gómez, G; Gómez-Ceballos, G; Goncharov, M; González, O; Gorelov, I; Goshaw, A T; Goulianos, K; Gresele, A; Grinstein, S; Grosso-Pilcher, C; Group, R C; Grundler, U; Guimarães da Costa, J; Gunay-Unalan, Z; Haber, C; Hahn, K; Hahn, S R; Halkiadakis, E; Hamilton, A; Han, B Y; Han, J Y; Handler, R; Happacher, F; Hara, K; Hare, D; Hare, M; Harper, S; Harr, R F; Harris, R M; Hartz, M; Hatakeyama, K; Hauser, J; Hays, C; Heck, M; Heijboer, A; Heinemann, B; Heinrich, J; Henderson, C; Herndon, M; Heuser, J; Hidas, D; Hill, C S; Hirschbuehl, D; Höcker, A; Holloway, A; Hou, S; Houlden, M; Hsu, S C; Huffman, B T; Hughes, R E; Husemann, U; Huston, J; Incandela, J; Introzzi, G; Iori, M; Ivanov, A; Iyutin, B; James, E; Jang, D; Jayatilaka, B; Jeans, D; Jeon, E J; Jindariani, S; Johnson, W; Jones, M; Joo, K K; Jun, S Y; Jung, J E; Junk, T R; Kamon, T; Karchin, P E; Kato, Y; Kemp, Y; Kephart, R; Kerzel, U; Khotilovich, V; Kilminster, B; Kim, D H; Kim, H S; Kim, J E; Kim, M J; Kim, S B; Kim, S H; Kim, Y K; Kimura, N; Kirsch, L; Klimenko, S; Klute, M; Knuteson, B; Ko, B R; Kondo, K; Kong, D J; Konigsberg, J; Korytov, A; Kotwal, A V; Kraan, A C; Kraus, J; Kreps, M; Kroll, J; Krumnack, N; Kruse, M; Krutelyov, V; Kubo, T; Kuhlmann, S E; Kuhr, T; Kulkarni, N P; Kusakabe, Y; Kwang, S; Laasanen, A T; Lai, S; Lami, S; Lammel, S; Lancaster, M; Lander, R L; Lannon, K; Lath, A; Latino, G; Lazzizzera, I; LeCompte, T; Lee, J; Lee, J; Lee, Y J; Lee, S W; Lefèvre, R; Leonardo, N; Leone, S; Levy, S; Lewis, J D; Lin, C; Lin, C S; Lindgren, M; Lipeles, E; Lister, A; Litvintsev, D O; Liu, T; Lockyer, N S; Loginov, A; Loreti, M; Lu, R S; Lucchesi, D; Lujan, P; Lukens, P; Lungu, G; Lyons, L; Lys, J; Lysak, R; Lytken, E; Mack, P; MacQueen, D; Madrak, R; Maeshima, K; Makhoul, K; Mäki, T; Maksimovic, P; Malde, S; Malik, S; Manca, G; Manousakis, A; Margaroli, F; Marginean, R; Marino, C; Marino, C P; Martin, A; Martin, M; Martin, V; Martínez, M; Martinez-Ballarin, R; Maruyama, T; Mastrandrea, P; Masubuchi, T; Matsunaga, H; Mattson, M E; Mazini, R; Mazzanti, P; McFarland, K S; McIntyre, P; McNulty, R; Mehta, A; Mehtälä, P; Menzemer, S; Menzione, A; Merkel, P; Mesropian, C; Messina, A; Miao, T; Miladinovic, N; Miles, J; Miller, R; Mills, C; Milnik, M; Mitra, A; Mitselmakher, G; Miyamoto, A; Moed, S; Moggi, N; Mohr, B; Moon, C S; Moore, R; Morello, M; Movilla-Fernández, P A; Mülmenstädt, J; Mukherjee, A; Müller, T; Mumford, R; Murat, P; Mussini, M; Nachtman, J; Nagano, A; Naganoma, J; Nakamura, K; Nakano, I; Napier, A; Necula, V; Neu, C; Neubauer, M S; Nielsen, J; Nodulman, L; Norniella, O; Nurse, E; Oh, S H; Oh, Y D; Oksuzian, I; Okusawa, T; Oldeman, R; Orava, R; Österberg, K; Pagliarone, C; Palencia, E; Papadimitriou, V; Papaikonomou, A; Paramonov, A A; Parks, B; Pashapour, S; Patrick, J; Pauletta, G; Paulini, M; Paus, C; Pellett, D E; Penzo, Aldo L; Phillips, T J; Piacentino, G; Piedra, J; Pinera, L; Pitts, K; Plager, C; Pondrom, L; Portell, X; Poukhov, O; Pounder, N; Prakoshyn, F; Pronko, A; Proudfoot, J; Ptohos, F; Punzi, G; Pursley, J; Rademacker, J; Rahaman, A; Ramakrishnan, V; Ranjan, N; Redondo, I; Reisert, B; Rekovic, V; Renton, P B; Rescigno, M; Richter, S; Rimondi, F; Ristori, L; Robson, A; Rodrigo, T; Rogers, E; Rolli, S; Roser, R; Rossi, M; Rossin, R; Roy, P; Ruiz, A; Russ, J; Rusu, V; Saarikko, H; Safonov, A; Sakumoto, W K; Salamanna, G; Salto, O; Santi, L; Sarkar, S; Sartori, L; Sato, K; Savard, P; Savoy-Navarro, A; Scheidle, T; Schlabach, P; Schmidt, E E; Schmidt, M P; Schmitt, M; Schwarz, T; Scodellaro, L; Scott, A L; Scribano, A; Scuri, F; Sedov, A; Seidel, S; Seiya, Y; Semenov, A; Sexton-Kennedy, L; Sfyrla, A; Shalhout, S Z; Shapiro, M D; Shears, T G; Shepard, P F; Sherman, D; Shimojima, M; Shochet, M; Shon, Y; Shreyber, I; Sidoti, A; Sinervo, P; Sisakian, A; Slaughter, A J; Slaunwhite, J; Sliwa, K; Smith, J R; Snider, F D; Snihur, R; Söderberg, M; Soha, A; Somalwar, S; Sorin, V; Spalding, J; Spinella, F; Spreitzer, T; Squillacioti, P; Stanitzki, M; Staveris-Polykalas, A; Saint-Denis, R; Stelzer, B; Stelzer-Chilton, O; Stentz, D; Strologas, J; Stuart, D; Suh, J S; Sukhanov, A; Sun, H; Suslov, I; Suzuki, T; Taffard, A; Takashima, R; Takeuchi, Y; Tanaka, R; Tecchio, M; Teng, P K; Terashi, K; Thom, J; Thompson, A S; Thomson, E; Tipton, P; Tiwari, V; Tkaczyk, S; Toback, D; Tokar, S; Tollefson, K; Tomura, T; Tonelli, D; Torre, S; Torretta, D; Tourneur, S; Trischuk, W; Tsuno, S; Tu, Y; Turini, N; Ukegawa, F; Uozumi, S; Vallecorsa, S; Van Remortel, N; Varganov, A; Vataga, E; Vázquez, F; Velev, G; Vellidis, C; Veramendi, G; Veszpremi, V; Vidal, M; Vidal, R; Vila, I; Vilar, R; Vine, T; Vogel, M; Vollrath, I; Volobuev, I; Volpi, G; Würthwein, F; Wagner, P; Wagner, R G; Wagner, R L; Wagner, J; Wagner, W; Wallny, R; Wang, S M; Warburton, A; Waters, D; Weinberger, M; Wester, W C; Whitehouse, B; Whiteson, D; Wicklund, A B; Wicklund, E; Williams, G; Williams, H H; Wilson, P; Winer, B L; Wittich, P; Wolbers, S; Wolfe, C; Wright, T; Wu, X; Wynne, S M; Yagil, A; Yamamoto, K; Yamaoka, J; Yamashita, T; Yang, C; Yang, U K; Yang, Y C; Yao, W M; Yeh, G P; Yoh, J; Yorita, K; Yoshida, T; Yu, G B; Yu, I; Yu, S S; Yun, J C; Zanello, L; Zanetti, A; Zaw, I; Zhang, X; Zhou, J; Zucchelli, S
2007-01-01
We search for direct pair production of supersymmetric top quarks and supersymmetric bottom quarks in proton-antiproton collisions at $\\sqrt{s}$ = 1.96 TeV, using 295 pb^-1 of data recorded by the Collider Detector at Fermilab (CDF II) experiment. The supersymmetric top (supersymmetric bottom) quarks are selected by reconstructing their decay into a charm (bottom) quark and a neutralino, which is assumed to be the lightest supersymmetric particle. The signature of such processes is two energetic heavy-flavor jets and missing transverse energy. The number of events that pass our selection for each search process is consistent with the standard model expectation. By comparing our results to the theoretical production cross sections of the supersymmetric top and supersymmetric bottom quarks in the minimal supersymmetric standard model, we exclude, at a 95% confidence level in the frame of that model, a supersymmetric top quark mass up to 132 GeV/c^2 for a neutralino mass of 48 GeV/c^2, and a supersymmetric botto...
Search for Mono-Higgs Signals at the LHC in the B-L Supersymmetric Standard Model
Abdallah, W; Khalil, S; Moretti, S
2016-01-01
We study mono-Higgs signatures emerging in the $B-L$ supersymmetric standard model induced by new channels not present in the minimal supersymmetric standard model, i.e., via topologies in which the mediator is either a heavy $Z'$, with mass of ${\\cal O}(2~{\\rm TeV})$, or an intermediate $h'$ (the lightest CP-even Higgs state of $B-L$ origin), with mass of ${\\cal O}(0.2~{\\rm TeV})$. The mono-Higgs probe considered is the SM-like Higgs state recently discovered at the large hadron collider, so as to enforce its mass reconstruction for background reduction purposes. With this in mind, its two cleanest signatures are selected: $\\gamma\\gamma$ and $ZZ^*\\to 4l$ ($l=e,~\\mu$). We show how both of these can be accessed with foreseen energy and luminosity options using a dedicated kinematic analysis performed in presence of partonic, showering, hadronisation and detector effects.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bandos, Igor E-mail: bandos@kipt.kharkov.ua; Kummer, Wolfgang E-mail: wkummer@tph.tuwien.ac.at
2000-01-17
A supersymmetric action functional describing the interaction of the fundamental superstring with the D=10, type IIB Dirichlet super-9-brane is presented. A set of supersymmetric equations for the coupled system is obtained from the action principle. It is found that the interaction of the string endpoints with the super D9-brane gauge field requires some restrictions for the image of the gauge field strength. When those restrictions are not imposed, the equations imply the absence of the endpoints, and the equations coincide either with the ones of the free super-D9-brane or with the ones for the free closed type IIB superstring. Different phases of the coupled system are described. A generalization to an arbitrary system of intersecting branes is discussed.
Schulze-Halberg, Axel
2016-06-01
We construct supersymmetric partners of a quantum system featuring a class of trigonometric potentials that emerge from the spheroidal equation. Examples of both standard and confluent supersymmetric transformations are presented. Furthermore, we use integral formulas arising from the confluent supersymmetric formalism to derive new representations for single and multiple integrals of spheroidal functions.
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
E Coniavitis; A Ferrari
2007-11-01
The minimal supersymmetric extension of the standard model (MSSM) predicts the existence of new charged and neutral Higgs bosons. The pair creation of these new particles at the multi-TeV + − compact linear collider (CLIC), followed by decays into standard model particles, were simulated along with the corresponding background. High-energy beam–beam effects such as ISR, beamstrahlung and hadronic background were included. We have investigated the possibility of using the ratio between the number of events found in various decay channels to determine the MSSM parameter tan and we have derived the corresponding statistical error from the uncertainties on the measured cross-sections and Higgs boson masses.
Twisted Backgrounds, PP-Waves and Nonlocal Field Theories
Alishahiha, M; Alishahiha, Mohsen; Ganor, Ori J.
2003-01-01
We study partially supersymmetric plane-wave like deformations of string theories and M-theory on brane backgrounds. These deformations are dual to nonlocal field theories. We calculate various expectation values of configurations of closed as well as open Wilson loops and Wilson surfaces in those theories. We also discuss the manifestation of the nonlocality structure in the supergravity backgrounds. A plane-wave like deformation of little string theory has also been studied.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Zandersen, Marianne; Hyytiäinen, Kari; Saraiva, Sofia
2016-01-01
This document serves as a background material to the BONUS Pilot Scenario Workshop, which aims to develop harmonised regional storylines of socio-ecological futures in the Baltic Sea region in a collaborative effort together with other BONUS projects and stakeholders.......This document serves as a background material to the BONUS Pilot Scenario Workshop, which aims to develop harmonised regional storylines of socio-ecological futures in the Baltic Sea region in a collaborative effort together with other BONUS projects and stakeholders....
Searches for supersymmetric particles produced in Z -boson decay
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Barklow, T.; Abrams, G.S.; Adolphsen, C.E.; Averill, D.; Ballam, J.; Barish, B.C.; Barnett, B.A.; Bartelt, J.; Bethke, S.; Blockus, D.; Bonvicini, G.; Boyarski, A.; Brabson, B.; Breakstone, A.; Bulos, F.; Burchat, P.R.; Burke, D.L.; Cence, R.J.; Chapman, J.; Chmeissani, M.; Cords, D.; Coupal, D.P.; Dauncey, P.; DeStaebler, H.C.; Dorfan, D.E.; Dorfan, J.M.; Drewer, D.C.; Elia, R.; Feldman, G.J.; Fernandes, D.; Field, R.C.; Ford, W.T.; Fordham, C.; Frey, R.; Fujino, D.; Gan, K.K.; Gatto, C.; Gero, E.; Gidal, G.; Glanzman, T.; Goldhaber, G.; Gomez Cadenas, J.J.; Gratta, G.; Grindhammer, G.; Grosse-Wiesmann, P.; Hanson, G.; Harr, R.; Harral, B.; Harris, F.A.; Hawkes, C.M.; Hayes, K.; Hearty, C.; Heusch, C.A.; Hildreth, M.D.; Himel, T.; Hinshaw, D.A.; Hong, S.J.; Hutchinson, D.; Hylen, J.; Innes, W.R.; Jacobsen, R.G.; Jaros, J.A.; Jung, C.K.; Kadyk, J.A.; Kent, J.; King, M.; Koetke, D.S.; Komamiya, S.; Koska, W.; Kowalski, L.A.; Kozanecki, W.; Kral, J.F.; Kuhlen, M.; Labarga, L.; Lankford,
1990-06-18
We have searched for supersymmetric particles in 528 {ital Z} decays with the Mark II detector at the SLAC Linear Collider. We place 95%-confidence-level lower mass limits on degenerate squarks, nondegenerate up-type squarks, nondegenerate down-type squarks, charginos, pair-produced unstable neutralinos, and neutralinos from associated production.
Diphoton Revelation of the Utilitarian Supersymmetric Standard Model
Ma, Ernest
2016-01-01
In 2002, I proposed a unique $U(1)$ extension of the supersymmetric standard model which has no $\\mu$ term and conserves baryon number and lepton number separately and automatically. This model, ${without~any~change}$, has all the necessary and sufficient ingredients to explain the possible 750 GeV diphoton excess, observed recently by the ATLAS Collaboration at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC).
Relativistic Pseudospin Symmetry as a Supersymmetric Pattern in Nuclei
Leviatan, A
2004-01-01
Shell-model states involving several pseudospin doublets and ``intruder'' levels in nuclei, are combined into larger multiplets. The corresponding single-particle spectrum exhibits a supersymmetric pattern whose origin can be traced to the relativistic pseudospin symmetry of a nuclear mean-field Dirac Hamiltonian with scalar and vector potentials.
Prospects for detecting supersymmetric dark matter in the Galactic halo
Springel, V.; White, S. D. M.; Frenk, C. S.; Navarro, J. F.; Jenkins, A.; Vogelsberger, M.; Wang, J.; Ludlow, A.; Helmi, A.
2008-01-01
Dark matter is the dominant form of matter in the Universe, but its nature is unknown. It is plausibly an elementary particle, perhaps the lightest supersymmetric partner of known particle species(1). In this case, annihilation of dark matter in the halo of the Milky Way should produce gamma-rays at
Prospects for detecting supersymmetric dark matter in the Galactic halo
Springel, V.; White, S. D. M.; Frenk, C. S.; Navarro, J. F.; Jenkins, A.; Vogelsberger, M.; Wang, J.; Ludlow, A.; Helmi, A.
2008-01-01
Dark matter is the dominant form of matter in the Universe, but its nature is unknown. It is plausibly an elementary particle, perhaps the lightest supersymmetric partner of known particle species(1). In this case, annihilation of dark matter in the halo of the Milky Way should produce gamma-rays at
On the supersymmetric non-abelian Born-Infeld action
Bergshoeff, E.A.; Roo, M. de; Sevrin, A.
2001-01-01
We review an iterative construction of the supersymmetric non-abelian Born-Infeld action. We obtain the action through second order in the field strength. Kappa-invariance fixes the ordenings which turn out to deviate from the symmetrized trace proposal.
On the supersymmetric non-abelian Born-Infeld action
Bergshoeff, E. A.; de Roo, M.; Sevrin, A.
2000-01-01
We review an iterative construction of the supersymmetric non-abelian Born-Infeld action. We obtain the action through second order in the fieldstrength. Kappa-invariance fixes the ordenings which turn out to deviate from the symmetrized trace proposal.
Supersymmetric descendants of self-adjointly extended quantum mechanical Hamiltonians
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Al-Hashimi, M.H., E-mail: hashimi@itp.unibe.ch [Albert Einstein Center for Fundamental Physics, Institute for Theoretical Physics, Bern University, Sidlerstrasse 5, CH-3012 Bern (Switzerland); Salman, M., E-mail: msalman@qu.edu.qa [Department of Mathematics, Statistics, and Physics, Qatar University, Al Tarfa, Doha 2713 (Qatar); Shalaby, A., E-mail: amshalab@qu.edu.qa [Department of Mathematics, Statistics, and Physics, Qatar University, Al Tarfa, Doha 2713 (Qatar); Physics Department, Faculty of Science, Mansoura University (Egypt); Wiese, U.-J., E-mail: wiese@itp.unibe.ch [Albert Einstein Center for Fundamental Physics, Institute for Theoretical Physics, Bern University, Sidlerstrasse 5, CH-3012 Bern (Switzerland); Center for Theoretical Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA (United States)
2013-10-15
We consider the descendants of self-adjointly extended Hamiltonians in supersymmetric quantum mechanics on a half-line, on an interval, and on a punctured line or interval. While there is a 4-parameter family of self-adjointly extended Hamiltonians on a punctured line, only a 3-parameter sub-family has supersymmetric descendants that are themselves self-adjoint. We also address the self-adjointness of an operator related to the supercharge, and point out that only a sub-class of its most general self-adjoint extensions is physical. Besides a general characterization of self-adjoint extensions and their supersymmetric descendants, we explicitly consider concrete examples, including a particle in a box with general boundary conditions, with and without an additional point interaction. We also discuss bulk-boundary resonances and their manifestation in the supersymmetric descendant. -- Highlights: •Self-adjoint extension theory and contact interactions. •Application of self-adjoint extensions to supersymmetry. •Contact interactions in finite volume with Robin boundary condition.
Neutrino masses within the minimal supersymmetric Standard Model
Cvetic, M; Cvetic, Mirjam; Langacker, Paul
1992-01-01
We investigate the possibility of accommodating neutrino masses compatible with the MSW study of the Solar neutrino deficit within the minimal supersymmetric Standard Model. The ``gravity-induced'' seesaw mechanism based on an interplay of nonrenormalizable and renormalizable terms in the superpotential allows neutrino masses $m_\
Supersymmetric Langevin equation to explore free-energy landscapes.
Mossa, Alessandro; Clementi, Cecilia
2007-04-01
The recently discovered supersymmetric generalizations of the Langevin dynamics and Kramers equation can be utilized for the exploration of free-energy landscapes of systems whose large time-scale separation hampers the usefulness of standard molecular dynamics techniques. The first realistic application is here presented. The system chosen is a minimalist model for a short alanine peptide exhibiting a helix-coil transition.
Coherent States for Supersymmetric Partners of the Infinite Well
Hussin, V.; Morales-Salgado, V. S.
2017-05-01
We define linear and quadratic coherent states for the supersymmetric partners of the quantum infinite well through formal series expansions of the energy eigenfunctions of the systems and we study the appropriateness of this definitions as coherent states by means of their properties. In particular, we examine the localization in position and time evolution, minimum uncertainty relations and the behavior of the Wigner function.
Large BR(h -> tau mu) in Supersymmetric Models
Hammad, Ahmed; Un, Cem Salih
2016-01-01
We analyze the Lepton Flavor Violating (LFV) Higgs decay h -> tau mu in three supersymmetric models: Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM), Supersymmetric Seesaw Model (SSM), and Supersymmetric B-L model with Inverse Seesaw (BLSSM-IS). We show that in generic MSSM, with non-universal slepton masses and/or trilinear couplings, it is not possible to enhance BR(h -> tau mu) without violating the experimental bound on the BR(tau -> mu gamma). In SSM, where flavor mixing is radiatively generated, the LFV process mu -> e gamma strictly constrains the parameter space and the maximum value of BR(h -> tau mu) is of order 10^-10, which is extremely smaller than the recent results reported by the CMS and ATLAS experiments. In BLSSM-IS, with universal soft SUSY breaking terms at the grand unified scale, we emphasize that the measured values of BR(h -> tau mu) can be accommodated in a wide region of parameter space without violating LFV constraints. Thus, confirming the LFV Higgs decay results will be a clear signa...
Comments on the spontaneous symmetry breaking in supersymmetric theories
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Girardi, G.; Sorba, P.; Stora, R. (Grenoble-1 Univ., 74 - Annecy (France). Lab. de Physique des Particules)
1984-08-30
The role of the complex extension of the symmetry group in supersymmetric theories is revisited. We prove, in particular, that if symmetry breaking occurs at an extremum of the superpotential, then supersymmetry will be preserved if and only if the complex stabilizer of the vacuum is the complexified of its maximal compact part.
Search for dark photons from supersymmetric hidden valleys
Abazov, V.M.; et al., [Unknown; Ancu, L.S.; de Jong, S.J.; Filthaut, F.; Galea, C.F.; Hegeman, J.G.; Houben, P.; Meijer, M.M.; Svoisky, P.; van den Berg, P.J.; van Leeuwen, W.M.
2009-01-01
We search for a new light gauge boson, a dark photon, with the D0 experiment. In the model we consider, supersymmetric partners are pair produced and cascade to the lightest neutralinos that can decay into the hidden sector state plus either a photon or a dark photon. The dark photon decays through
Two-loop beta functions for supersymmetric gauge theories
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Jack, I. (Imperial Coll. of Science and Technology, London (UK). Blackett Lab.)
1984-11-15
The two-loop ..beta.. functions in the dimensional regularisation framework for a general gauge theory coupled to scalar and spinor fields are presented and by means of a finite transformation of the couplings are converted into a form which vanishes for special cases corresponding to supersymmetric gauge theories.
The $N=2$ supersymmetric unconstrained matrix GNLS hierarchies
Sorin, A.S.; Kersten, P.H.M.
2002-01-01
The generalization of the $N=2$ supersymmetric chiral matrix $(k|n,m)$--GNLS hierarchy to the case when matrix entries are bosonic and fermionic unconstrained $N=2$ superfields is proposed. This is done by exhibiting the corresponding matrix Lax--pair representation in terms of $N=2$ unconstrained s
Recursive representation of Wronskians in confluent supersymmetric quantum mechanics
Contreras-Astorga, Alonso; Schulze-Halberg, Axel
2017-03-01
A recursive form of arbitrary-order Wronskian associated with transformation functions in the confluent algorithm of supersymmetric quantum mechanics (SUSY) is constructed. With this recursive form regularity conditions for the generated potentials can be analyzed. Moreover, as byproducts we obtain new representations of solutions to Schrödinger equations that underwent a confluent SUSY-transformation.
Continuous media interpretation of supersymmetric Wess-Zumino type models
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Letelier, P.S. [Universidade Estadual de Campinas (Brazil). Departamento de Matematica Aplicada; Zanchin, V.T. [Departamento de Fisica-CCNE, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, 97119, Santa Maria, R.S. (Brazil)
1995-02-20
Supersymmetric Wess-Zumino type models are considered as classical material media that can be interpreted as fluids of ordered strings with heat flow along the strings, or a mixture of fluids of ordered strings with either a cloud of particles or a flux of directed radiation. ((orig.))
Non-supersymmetric microstates of the MSW system
Banerjee, Souvik; Chowdhury, Borun D.; Vercnocke, Bert; Virmani, Amitabh
2014-01-01
We present an analysis parallel to that of Giusto, Ross, and Saxena (arXiv:0708.3845)and construct a discrete family of non-supersymmetric microstate geometries of the Maldacena-Strominger-Witten system. The supergravity configuration in which we look for the smooth microstates is constructed using
Deformed Matrix Models, Supersymmetric Lattice Twists and N=1/4 Supersymmetry
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Unsal, Mithat
2008-09-24
A manifestly supersymmetric nonperturbative matrix regularization for a twisted version of N = (8, 8) theory on a curved background (a two-sphere) is constructed. Both continuum and the matrix regularization respect four exact scalar supersymmetries under a twisted version of the supersymmetry algebra. We then discuss a succinct Q = 1 deformed matrix model regularization of N = 4 SYM in d = 4, which is equivalent to a non-commutative A*{sub 4} orbifold lattice formulation. Motivated by recent progress in supersymmetric lattices, we also propose a N = 1/4 supersymmetry preserving deformation of N = 4 SYM theory on R{sup 4}. In this class of N = 1/4 theories, both the regularized and continuum theory respect the same set of (scalar) supersymmetry. By using the equivalence of the deformed matrix models with the lattice formulations, we give a very simple physical argument on why the exact lattice supersymmetry must be a subset of scalar subalgebra. This argument disagrees with the recent claims of the link approach, for which we give a new interpretation.
Dark radiation and dark matter in supersymmetric axion models with high reheating temperature
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Graf, Peter; Steffen, Frank Daniel, E-mail: graf@mpp.mpg.de, E-mail: steffen@mpp.mpg.de [Max-Planck-Institut für Physik, Föhringer Ring 6, D–80805 Munich (Germany)
2013-12-01
Recent studies of the cosmic microwave background, large scale structure, and big bang nucleosynthesis (BBN) show trends towards extra radiation. Within the framework of supersymmetric hadronic axion models, we explore two high-reheating-temperature scenarios that can explain consistently extra radiation and cold dark matter (CDM), with the latter residing either in gravitinos or in axions. In the gravitino CDM case, axions from decays of thermal saxions provide extra radiation already prior to BBN and decays of axinos with a cosmologically required TeV-scale mass can produce extra entropy. In the axion CDM case, cosmological constraints are respected with light eV-scale axinos and weak-scale gravitinos that decay into axions and axinos. These decays lead to late extra radiation which can coexist with the early contributions from saxion decays. Recent results of the Planck satellite probe extra radiation at late times and thereby both scenarios. Further tests are the searches for axions at ADMX and for supersymmetric particles at the LHC.
Axions and saxions from the primordial supersymmetric plasma and extra radiation signatures
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Graf, Peter; Steffen, Frank Daniel, E-mail: graf@mpp.mpg.de, E-mail: steffen@mpp.mpg.de [Max-Planck-Institut für Physik, Föhringer Ring 6, D–80805 Munich (Germany)
2013-02-01
We calculate the rate for thermal production of axions and saxions via scattering of quarks, gluons, squarks, and gluinos in the primordial supersymmetric plasma. Systematic field theoretical methods such as hard thermal loop resummation are applied to obtain a finite result in a gauge-invariant way that is consistent to leading order in the strong gauge coupling. We calculate the thermally produced yield and the decoupling temperature for both axions and saxions. For the generic case in which saxion decays into axions are possible, the emitted axions can constitute extra radiation already prior to big bang nucleosynthesis and well thereafter. We update associated limits imposed by recent studies of the primordial helium-4 abundance and by precision cosmology of the cosmic microwave background and large scale structure. We show that the trend towards extra radiation seen in those studies can be explained by late decays of thermal saxions into axions and that upcoming Planck results will probe supersymmetric axion models with unprecedented sensitivity.
Radiative symmetry breaking on D-branes at non-supersymmetric singularities
Kitazawa, Noriaki
2006-10-01
The possibility of radiative gauge symmetry breaking on D3-branes at non-supersymmetric orbifold singularities is examined. As an example, a simple model of D3-branes at non-supersymmetric C/Z singularity with some D7-branes for the cancellations of RR tadpoles in twisted sectors is analyzed in detail. We find that there are no tachyon modes in twisted sectors, and NS-NS tadpoles in twisted sectors are canceled out, though uncanceled tadpoles and tachyon modes exist in untwisted sectors. This means that this singularity background is a stable solution of string theory at tree level, though some specific compactification of six-dimensional space should be considered for a consistent untwisted sector. On D3-brane three massless "Higgs doublet fields" and three family "up-type quarks" are realized at tree level. Other fermion fields, "down-type quarks" and "leptons", can be realized as massless modes of the open strings stretching between D3-branes and D7-branes. The Higgs doublet fields have Yukawa couplings with up-type quarks, and they also have self-couplings which give a scalar potential without flat directions. Since there is no supersymmetry, the radiative corrections may naturally develop negative Higgs mass squared and "electroweak symmetry breaking". We explicitly calculate the open string one-loop correction to the Higgs mass squared from twisted sectors, and find that the negative value is indeed realized in this specific model.
Radiative Symmetry Breaking on D-branes at Non-supersymmetric Singularities
Kitazawa, N
2006-01-01
The possibility of radiative gauge symmetry breaking on D3-branes at non-supersymmetric orbifold singularities is examined. As an example, a simple model of D3-branes at non-supersymmetric C^3/Z_6 singularity with some D7-branes for the cancellations of R-R tadpoles in twisted sectors is analyzed in detail. We find that there are no tachyon modes in twisted sectors, and NS-NS tadpoles in twisted sectors are canceled out, though uncanceled tadpoles and tachyon modes exist in untwisted sectors. This means that this singularity background is a stable solution of string theory at tree level, though some specific compactification of six-dimensional space should be considered for a consistent untwisted sector. On D3-brane three massless "Higgs doublet fields" and three family "up-type quarks" are realized at tree level. Other fermion fields, "down-type quarks" and "leptons", can be realized as massless modes of the open strings stretching between D3-branes and D7-branes. The Higgs doublet fields have Yukawa couplin...
Supersymmetric $AdS_6$ vacua in six-dimensional $N=(1,1)$ gauged supergravity
Karndumri, Parinya
2016-01-01
We study fully supersymmetric $AdS_6$ vacua of half-maxi\\-mal $N=(1,1)$ gauged supergravity in six space-time dimensions coupled to $n$ vector multiplets. We show that the existence of $AdS_6$ backgrounds requires that the gauge group is of the form $G'\\times G"\\subset SO(4,n)$ where $G'\\subset SO(3,m)$ and $G"\\subset SO(1,n-m)$. In the $AdS_6$ vacua this gauge group is broken to its maximal compact subgroup $SO(3)\\times H'\\times H"$ where $H'\\subset SO(m)$ and $H"\\subset SO(n-m)$. Furthermore, the $SO(3)$ factor is the R-symmetry gauged by three of the four graviphotons. We further show that the $AdS_6$ vacua have no moduli that preserve all supercharges. This is precisely in agreement with the absence of supersymmetric marginal deformations in holographically dual five-dimensional superconformal field theories.
Supersymmetric coupling of a self-dual string to a (2, 0) tensor multiplet background
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Arvidsson, Paer; Flink, Erik; Henningson, Maaans [Department of Theoretical Physics, Chalmers University of Technology and Gaeteborg University, Gaeteborg (Sweden)]. E-mail addresses: par@fy.chalmers.se; erik.flink@fy.chalmers.se; mans@fy.chalmers.se
2003-11-01
We construct an interaction between a (2, 0) tensor multiplet in six dimensions and a self-dual string. The interaction is a sum of a Nambu-Goto term, with the tension of the string given by the modulus of the scalar fields of the tensor multiplet, and a non- local Wess-Zumino term, that encodes the electromagnetic coupling of the string to the two-form gauge field of the tensor multiplet. The interaction is invariant under global (2, 0) supersymmetry, modulo the equations of motion of a free tensor multiplet. It is also invariant under a local fermionic {kappa}-symmetry, as required by the BPS-property of the string. (author)
Costanza, Francesco
2015-01-01
The analysis presented in this thesis is a search for direct pair production of supersymmetric top-quark partners at CMS.Supersymmetry is a compelling theory providing possible solutions to several of the Standard Models limitations. However, previous searches for supersymmetric particles came backwith empty hands. These results and the discovery of a Higgs boson with a mass of about125 GeV by the ATLAS and CMS Collaborations strongly constrain the simplest supersymmetric models. Nevertheless, more sophisticated models with light third-generation squarksdid not lose their theoretical appeal and are within the reach of the 8 TeV run of the LargeHadron Collider.In this analysis, a search for direct top-squark (˜) pair production is performed in a ﬁnaltstate consisting of a single isolated lepton, jets, among which at least one is a b-tagged jet,and large missing transverse energy. Six search regions are deﬁned with a semi-automaticprocedure to maximize the sensitivity of the analysis. The background estima...
Ellis, John; Savage, Christopher; Spanos, Vassilis C
2010-01-01
We evaluate the neutrino fluxes to be expected from neutralino LSP annihilations inside the Sun, within the minimal supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model with supersymmetry-breaking scalar and gaugino masses constrained to be universal at the GUT scale (the CMSSM). We find that there are large regions of typical CMSSM $(m_{1/2}, m_0)$ planes where the LSP density inside the Sun is not in equilibrium, so that the annihilation rate may be far below the capture rate. We show that neutrino fluxes are dependent on the solar model at the 20% level, and adopt the AGSS09 model of Serenelli et al. for our detailed studies. We find that there are large regions of the CMSSM $(m_{1/2}, m_0)$ planes where the capture rate is not dominated by spin-dependent LSP-proton scattering, e.g., at large $m_{1/2}$ along the CMSSM coannihilation strip. We calculate neutrino fluxes above various threshold energies for points along the coannihilation/rapid-annihilation and focus-point strips where the CMSSM yields the correct ...
Phenomenological study of the minimal R-symmetric supersymmetric standard model
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Diessner, Philip
2016-10-20
The Standard Model (SM) of particle physics gives a comprehensive description of numerous phenomena concerning the fundamental components of nature. Still, open questions and a clouded understanding of the underlying structure remain. Supersymmetry is a well motivated extension that may account for the observed density of dark matter in the universe and solve the hierarchy problem of the SM. The minimal supersymmetric extension of the SM (MSSM) provides solutions to these challenges. Furthermore, it predicts new particles in reach of current experiments. However, the model has its own theoretical challenges and is under fire from measurements provided by the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). Nevertheless, the concept of supersymmetry has an elegance which not only shines in the MSSM. Hence, it is also of interest to examine non-minimal supersymmetric models. They have benefits similar to the MSSM and may solve its shortcomings. R-symmetry is the only global symmetry allowed that does not commutate with supersymmetry and Lorentz symmetry. Thus, extending a supersymmetric model with R-symmetry is a theoretically well motivated endeavor to achieve the complete symmetry content of a field theory. Such a model provides a natural explanation for non-discovery in the early runs of the LHC and leads to further predictions distinct from those of the MSSM. The work described in this thesis contributes to the effort by studying the minimal R-symmetric supersymmetric extension of the SM (MRSSM). Important aspects of its physics and the dependence of observables on the parameter space of the MRSSM are investigated. The discovery of a scalar particle compatible with the Higgs boson of the SM at the LHC was announced in 2012. It is the first and crucial task of this thesis to understand the underlying mechanisms leading to the correct Higgs boson mass prediction in the MRSSM. Then, the relevant regions of parameter space are investigated and it is shown that they are also in agreement
Non-supersymmetric flux compactifications of heterotic string- and M-theory
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Held, Johannes Georg Joseph
2012-05-08
This dissertation is concerned with non-supersymmetric vacua of string theory in the supergravity (SUGRA) approach. This approach is the effective description of string theory at low energies. The concrete field of research that is treated here is heterotic E{sub 8} x E{sub 8} string theory at weak and at strong coupling, respectively. In the strong coupling limit the theory is described by eleven-dimensional SUGRA with two ten-dimensional boundaries (heterotic M-Theory). The transition to the weak coupling limit is governed by the restricted space dimension, whose length tends to zero for weak coupling such that the two boundaries get identified with each other. The resulting theory is ten-dimensional E{sub 8} x E{sub 8} SUGRA. In the context of this heterotic SUGRA, at first six of the former nine space-dimensions are compactified, and then, in the presence of non-vanishing background flux, conditions for unbroken supersymmetry (SUSY) in four space-time dimensions are analyzed. Afterwards, a violation of one of the necessary SUSY conditions is allowed. An essential ingredient, necessary for this to work, is the presence of flux. This kind of SUSY-breaking leads to severe constraints on the compact six-dimensional manifold, which can be satisfied by fiber bundles with two-dimensional fiber and four-dimensional base. In simple examples one can stabilize the expectation value of the dilaton as well as the volume of the fiber, whereas the volume of the base remains undetermined. Furthermore, the effect of a fermionic condensate is analyzed. The expected additional SUSY-breaking can be observed, and it is shown that the breaking induced by the flux can not be canceled by the contributions from the condensate. The end of this thesis is concerned with the discussion of the strong coupling limit of the previously found examples. To analyze this, it is necessary to rewrite the action of heterotic M-theory as a sum of quadratic terms, which vanish once SUSY is imposed
The neutralino sector in the U(1)-extended supersymmetric standard model
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Choi, S.Y. [Chonbuk National Univ., Jeonju (Korea). Dept. of Physics and RIPC]|[Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany); Haber, H.E. [California Univ., Santa Cruz, CA (United States). SCIPP; Kalinowski, J. [Warsaw Univ. (Poland). Inst. of Theoretical Physics; Zerwas, P.M. [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany)]|[California Univ., Santa Cruz, CA (United States). SCIPP
2006-12-15
Motivated by grand unified theories and string theories we analyze the general structure of the neutralino sector in the USSM, an extension of the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model that involves a broken extra U(1) gauge symmetry. This supersymmetric U(1)-extended model includes an Abelian gauge superfield and a Higgs singlet superfield in addition to the standard gauge and Higgs superfields of the MSSM. The interactions between the MSSM fields and the new fields are in general weak and the mixing is small, so that the coupling of the two subsystems can be treated perturbatively. As a result, the mass spectrum and mixing matrix in the neutralino sector can be analyzed analytically and the structure of this 6-state system is under good theoretical control. We describe the decay modes of the new states and the impact of this extension on decays of the original MSSM neutralinos, including radiative transitions in cross-over zones. Production channels in cascade decays at the LHC and pair production at e{sup +}e{sup -} colliders are also discussed. (orig.)
The Neutralino Sector in the U(1)-Extended Supersymmetric Standard Model
Choi, S Y; Kalinowski, Jan; Zerwas, P M
2006-01-01
Motivated by grand unified theories and string theories we analyze the general structure of the neutralino sector in the USSM, an extension of the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model that involves a broken extra U(1) gauge symmetry. This supersymmetric U(1)-extended model includes an Abelian gauge superfield and a Higgs singlet superfield in addition to the standard gauge and Higgs superfields of the MSSM. The interactions between the MSSM fields and the new fields are in general weak and the mixing is small, so that the coupling of the two subsystems can be treated perturbatively. As a result, the mass spectrum and mixing matrix in the neutralino sector can be analyzed analytically and the structure of this 6-state system is under good theoretical control. We describe the decay modes of the new states and the impact of this extension on decays of the original MSSM neutralinos, including radiative transitions in cross-over zones. Production channels in cascade decays at the LHC and pair production at $e^+e^...
The neutralino sector in the U(1)-extended supersymmetric Standard Model
Choi, S. Y.; Haber, H. E.; Kalinowski, J.; Zerwas, P. M.
2007-08-01
Motivated by grand unified theories and string theories we analyze the general structure of the neutralino sector in the USSM, an extension of the minimal supersymmetric Standard Model that involves a broken extra U(1) gauge symmetry. This supersymmetric U(1)-extended model includes an Abelian gauge superfield and a Higgs singlet superfield in addition to the standard gauge and Higgs superfields of the MSSM. The interactions between the MSSM fields and the new fields are in general weak and the mixing is small, so that the coupling of the two subsystems can be treated perturbatively. As a result, the mass spectrum and mixing matrix in the neutralino sector can be analyzed analytically and the structure of this 6-state system is under good theoretical control. We describe the decay modes of the new states and the impact of this extension on decays of the original MSSM neutralinos, including radiative transitions in cross-over zones. Production channels in cascade decays at the LHC and pair production at ee colliders are also discussed.
Lecture Notes on Three Supersymmetric/Topological Systems in Quantum Field Theory
Guilarte, Juan Mateos
2016-01-01
((1+1)-dimensional ${\\cal N}=1$ super-symmetric field theory and (3+1)-dimensional ${\\cal N}=2$ super-symmetric gauge theory are discussed in a, more or less, unified way, designed to identify the quantum BPS states in both systems. Euclidean 4-dimensional gauge theory with ${\\cal N}=2$ twisted super-symmetry is also analized. ${\\bf C}^\\infty$-topological invariants are identified as certain n-point correlation functions in this QFT framework. The twist of the effective dual Abelian gauge theory is briefly described, both from mathematical and physical viewpoints. The physical nature of the topological defects arising in these systems, kinks, BPS and Dirac monopoles, BPST instantons, Liouville and Abrikosov-Nielsen-Olesen selfdual vortices, etcetera, is analyzed, The thread of the story connecting the QFT systems treated respectively in Sections \\S.3 and \\S.4 is the process of TWIST that leads from a conventional extended Supersymetric Gauge Theory to the topological ${\\cal N}=2$ SUSY Donaldson QFT. Within Se...
Extended supersymmetric sigma models in AdS_4 from projective superspace
Butter, Daniel; Lindstrom, Ulf; Tartaglino-Mazzucchelli, Gabriele
2012-01-01
There exist two superspace approaches to describe N=2 supersymmetric nonlinear sigma models in four-dimensional anti-de Sitter (AdS_4) space: (i) in terms of N=1 AdS chiral superfields, as developed in arXiv:1105.3111 and arXiv:1108.5290; and (ii) in terms of N=2 polar supermultiplets using the AdS projective-superspace techniques developed in arXiv:0807.3368. The virtue of the approach (i) is that it makes manifest the geometric properties of the N=2 supersymmetric sigma-models in AdS_4. The target space must be a non-compact hyperkahler manifold endowed with a Killing vector field which generates an SO(2) group of rotations on the two-sphere of complex structures. The power of the approach (ii) is that it allows us, in principle, to generate hyperkahler metrics as well as to address the problem of deformations of such metrics. Here we show how to relate the formulation (ii) to (i) by integrating out an infinite number of N=1 AdS auxiliary superfields and performing a superfield duality transformation. We al...
Yukawa coupling thresholds application to the MSSM and the minimal supersymmetric SU(5) GUT
Wright, B D
1994-01-01
We consider a particular class of threshold corrections to Yukawa couplings and mass relations in the MSSM and supersymmetric grand unified models. We give a complete treatment of Yukawa coupling thresholds at the unification scale \\Mx and the effective supersymmetry scale \\Ms and apply them to corrections to the tree-level prediction y.sub(b)(\\Mx) = y.sub(.tau.)(\\Mx) in minimal supersymmetric SU(5). We apply both gauge and Yukawa coupling thresholds to gauge unification and the above Yukawa unification condition to find predictions for the top quark mass, M_t, the superheavy vector boson mass \\Mv and the colored Higgs triplet mass \\Mhs. We discuss the dependencies of \\Mx and \\Mhs on .alpha.sub(s)(M.sub(Z)), M.sub(t) and the sparticle spectrum as well as those of M.sub(t) on tan.beta., .alpha.sub(s)(M.sub(Z)) and the bottom quark mass, M.sub(b). The effect of the Yukawa coupling thresholds on M.sub(t) are given for representative sparticle spectra. We describe the quantitative differences between these effect...
Transport properties of N = 4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory at finite coupling
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Benincasa, Paolo [Department of Applied Mathematics, University of Western Ontario, Middlesex College, London, ON, N6A 5B7 (Canada); Buchel, Alex [Department of Applied Mathematics, University of Western Ontario, Middlesex College, London, ON, N6A 5B7 (Canada); Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics, 31 Caroline St. N., Waterloo, ON, N2L 2Y5 (Canada)
2006-01-15
Gauge theory-string theory duality describes strongly coupled N = 4 supersymmetric SU(n{sub c}) Yang-Mills theory at finite temperature in terms of near extremal black 3-brane geometry in type IIB string theory. We use this correspondence to compute the leading correction in the inverse 't Hooft coupling to the shear diffusion constant, bulk viscosity and the speed of sound in the large-n{sub c} N = 4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory plasma. The transport coefficients are extracted from the dispersion relation of the shear and the sound wave lowest quasinormal modes in the leading order {alpha}'-corrected black D3 brane geometry. We find the shear viscosity extracted from the shear diffusion constant to agree with result of [hep-th/0406264]; also, the leading correction to bulk viscosity and the speed of sound vanishes. Our computation provides a highly nontrivial consistency check on the hydrodynamic description of the {alpha}'-corrected nonextremal black branes in string theory.
Transport properties of Script N = 4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory at finite coupling
Benincasa, Paolo; Buchel, Alex
2006-01-01
Gauge theory-string theory duality describes strongly coupled Script N = 4 supersymmetric SU(nc) Yang-Mills theory at finite temperature in terms of near extremal black 3-brane geometry in type IIB string theory. We use this correspondence to compute the leading correction in the inverse 't Hooft coupling to the shear diffusion constant, bulk viscosity and the speed of sound in the large-nc Script N = 4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory plasma. The transport coefficients are extracted from the dispersion relation of the shear and the sound wave lowest quasinormal modes in the leading order α'-corrected black D3 brane geometry. We find the shear viscosity extracted from the shear diffusion constant to agree with result of [hep-th/0406264]; also, the leading correction to bulk viscosity and the speed of sound vanishes. Our computation provides a highly nontrivial consistency check on the hydrodynamic description of the α'-corrected nonextremal black branes in string theory.
Perrotta, Andrea
A MC method is proposed to compute upper limits, in a pure Bayesian approach, when the errors associated to the experimental sensitivity and to the expected background content are not Gaussian distributed or not small enough to apply the usual approximations. It is relatively easy to extend the procedure to the multichannel case (for instance when different decay branchings, or luminosities or experiments have to be combined). Some of the searches for supersymmetric particles performed in the DELPHI experiment at the LEP electron-positron collider use such a procedure to propagate the systematics into the calculation of the cross-section upper limits. One of these searches will be described as an example.
Approximations for strongly-coupled supersymmetric quantum mechanics
Kabat, D; Kabat, Daniel; Lifschytz, Gilad
2000-01-01
We advocate a set of approximations for studying the finite temperature behavior of strongly-coupled theories in 0+1 dimensions. The approximation consists of expanding about a Gaussian action, with the width of the Gaussian determined by a set of gap equations. The approximation can be applied to supersymmetric systems, provided that the gap equations are formulated in superspace. It can be applied to large-N theories, by keeping just the planar contribution to the gap equations. We analyze several models of scalar supersymmetric quantum mechanics, and show that the Gaussian approximation correctly distinguishes between a moduli space, mass gap, and supersymmetry breaking at strong coupling. Then we apply the approximation to a bosonic large-N gauge theory, and argue that a Gross-Witten transition separates the weak-coupling and strong-coupling regimes. A similar transition should occur in a generic large-N gauge theory, in particular in 0-brane quantum mechanics.
Supersymmetric Composite Models on Intersecting D-branes
Kitazawa, N
2004-01-01
We construct supersymmetric composite models of quarks and leptons from type IIA T^6/(Z_2 x Z_2) orientifolds with intersecting D6-branes. In case of T^6 = T^2 x T^2 x T^2 with no tilted T^2, a composite model of the supersymmetric SU(5) grand unified theory with three generations is constructed. In case of that one T^2 is tilted, a composite model with SU(3)_c x SU(2)_L x U(1)_Y gauge symmetry with three generations is constructed. These models are not realistic, but contain fewer additional exotic particles and U(1) gauge symmetries due to the introduction of the compositeness of quarks and leptons. The mu-term of Higgs fields can be naturally generated through the exponentially suppressed Yukawa interaction among "preons".
GravitinoPack and decays of supersymmetric metastable particles
Eberl, Helmut
2015-01-01
We present the package GravitinoPack that calculates the two- and three-body decays of unstable supersymmetric particles involving the gravitino in the final or initial state. In a previous paper, we already showed results for the gravitino decays into two and three particles. In this paper, we incorporate the processes where an unstable neutralino, stau or stop decays into a gravitino and Standard Model particles. This is the case in gravitino dark matter supersymmetric models, where the gravitino is the lightest SUSY particle. We give instructions for the installation and the use of the package. In the numerical analysis, we discuss various MSSM scenarios. We show that the calculation of all the decay channels and the three-body decay branching ratios is essential for the accurate application of cosmological bounds on these models.
Supersymmetric Theory of Stochastic ABC Model: A Numerical Study
Ovchinnikov, Igor V; Ensslin, Torsten A; Wang, Kang L
2016-01-01
In this paper, we investigate numerically the stochastic ABC model, a toy model in the theory of astrophysical kinematic dynamos, within the recently proposed supersymmetric theory of stochastics (STS). STS characterises stochastic differential equations (SDEs) by the spectrum of the stochastic evolution operator (SEO) on elements of the exterior algebra or differentials forms over the system's phase space, X. STS can thereby classify SDEs as chaotic or non-chaotic by identifying the phenomenon of stochastic chaos with the spontaneously broken topological supersymmetry that all SDEs possess. We demonstrate the following three properties of the SEO, deduced previously analytically and from physical arguments: the SEO spectra for zeroth and top degree forms never break topological supersymmetry, all SDEs possesses pseudo-time-reversal symmetry, and each de Rahm cohomology class provides one supersymmetric eigenstate. Our results also suggests that the SEO spectra for forms of complementary degrees, i.e., k and ...
Higher-Rank Supersymmetric Models and Topological Field Theory
Kawai, T; Yang, S K; Kawai, Toshiya; Uchino, Taku; Yang, Sung-Kil
1993-01-01
In the first part of this paper we investigate the operator aspect of higher-rank supersymmetric model which is introduced as a Lie theoretic extension of the $N=2$ minimal model with the simplest case $su(2)$ corresponding to the $N=2$ minimal model. In particular we identify the analogs of chirality conditions and chiral ring. In the second part we construct a class of topological conformal field theories starting with this higher-rank supersymmetric model. We show the BRST-exactness of the twisted stress-energy tensor, find out physical observables and discuss how to make their correlation functions. It is emphasized that in the case of $su(2)$ the topological field theory constructed in this paper is distinct from the one obtained by twisting the $N=2$ minimal model through the usual procedure.
Supersymmetric Grand Unification with Light Color-Triplet
Berezhiani, Lasha
2011-01-01
We construct a natural model of the supersymmetric SU(6) unification, in which the symmetry breaking, down to the standard model gauge group, results in the number of pseudo-Nambu-Goldstone superfields with interesting properties. Namely, besides the Higgs doublet-antidoublet pair which is responsible for the electroweak phase transition, the Nambu-Goldstone sector consists of multiplets in the anti- and fundamental representations of SU(5). While being strictly massless in the supersymmetric limit, they acquire the weak scale masses as a result of its breaking. The color-triplet components of this light sector could, in principle, mediate an unacceptably fast proton decay; however, because of the natural $\\text{TeV}/M_{\\text{GUT}}$ suppression of the Yukawa couplings to the light quarks and leptons, their existence is compatible with the experimental bound on proton lifetime. This suppression is made further interesting, since it results in the lifetime, of the lightest of the above-mentioned colored particl...
Perturbation Theory in Supersymmetric QED: Infrared Divergences and Gauge Invariance
Dine, Michael; Haber, Howard E; Haskins, Laurel Stephenson
2016-01-01
We study some aspects of perturbation theory in $N=1$ supersymmetric abelian gauge theories with massive charged matter. In general gauges, infrared (IR) divergences and nonlocal behavior arise in 1PI diagrams, associated with a $1/k^4$ term in the propagator for the vector superfield. We examine this structure in supersymmetric QED. The IR divergences are gauge-dependent and must cancel in physical quantities like the electron pole mass. We demonstrate that cancellation takes place in a nontrivial way, amounting to a reorganization of the perturbative series from powers of $e^2$ to powers of $e$. We also show how these complications are avoided in cases where a Wilsonian effective action can be defined.
Supersymmetric quantum mechanics on the lattice: II. Exact results
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
David Baumgartner
2015-08-01
Full Text Available Simulations of supersymmetric field theories with spontaneously broken supersymmetry require in addition to the ultraviolet regularisation also an infrared one, due to the emergence of the massless Goldstino. The intricate interplay between ultraviolet and infrared effects towards the continuum and infinite volume limit demands careful investigations to avoid potential problems. In this paper – the second in a series of three – we present such an investigation for N=2 supersymmetric quantum mechanics formulated on the lattice in terms of bosonic and fermionic bonds. In one dimension, the bond formulation allows to solve the system exactly, even at finite lattice spacing, through the construction and analysis of transfer matrices. In the present paper we elaborate on this approach and discuss a range of exact results for observables such as the Witten index, the mass spectra and Ward identities.
The Glueball Spectrum In Conventional And Supersymmetric Quantum Chromodynamics
Gabadadze, Gregory T
1998-01-01
In the Dissertation we study some nonperturbative aspects of conventional Quantum Chromodynamics and its minimal supersymmetric counterpart, supersymmetric gluodynamics. After the introduction, the discussion of the spectrum of lightest glueballs in Quantum Chromodynamics is given. It is shown that the pseudoscalar glueball mass in Quantum Chromodynamics is less than the mass obtained in quenched lattice calculations. The glueball mass and nonperturbative glueball matrix elements are calculated. The production rate for the pseudoscalar glueball in radiative decays is predicted. Then, we study the nonperturbative features of the Lagrangian of Quantum Chromodynamics which might be responsible for formation of the pseudoscalar glueball state. The issue of the screening of the topological charge is analyzed. A possible non-perturbative mechanism of formation of the pseudoscalar glueball state is proposed. The masses of lowest pseudoscalar glueballs are predicted within the framework of this approach. The second h...
Supersymmetric Extension of the Standard Model with Naturally Stable Proton
Aoki, M; Aoki, Mayumi; Oshimo, Noriyuki
2000-01-01
A new supersymmetric standard model based on N=1 supergravity is constructed, aiming at natural explanation for the proton stability without invoking an ad hoc discrete symmetry through R parity. The proton is protected from decay by an extra U(1) gauge symmetry. Particle contents are necessarily increased to be free from anomalies, making it possible to incorporate the superfields for right-handed neutrinos and an SU(2)-singlet Higgs boson. The vacuum expectation value of this Higgs boson, which induces spontaneous breakdown of the U(1) symmetry, yields large Majorana masses for the right-handed neutrinos, leading to small masses for the ordinary neutrinos. The linear coupling of SU(2)-doublet Higgs superfields, which is indispensable to the superpotential of the minimal supersymmetric standard model, is replaced by a trilinear coupling of the Higgs superfields, so that there is no mass parameter in the superpotential. The energy dependencies of the model parameters are studied, showing that gauge symmetry b...
Supersymmetric quantum spin chains and classical integrable systems
Tsuboi, Zengo; Zabrodin, Anton; Zotov, Andrei
2015-05-01
For integrable inhomogeneous supersymmetric spin chains (generalized graded magnets) constructed employing Y( gl( N| M))-invariant R-matrices in finite-dimensional representations we introduce the master T-operator which is a sort of generating function for the family of commuting quantum transfer matrices. Any eigenvalue of the master T-operator is the tau-function of the classical mKP hierarchy. It is a polynomial in the spectral parameter which is identified with the 0-th time of the hierarchy. This implies a remarkable relation between the quantum supersymmetric spin chains and classical many-body integrable systems of particles of the Ruijsenaars-Schneider type. As an outcome, we obtain a system of algebraic equations for the spectrum of the spin chain Hamiltonians.
Supersymmetric quantum spin chains and classical integrable systems
Tsuboi, Zengo; Zotov, Andrei
2014-01-01
For integrable inhomogeneous supersymmetric spin chains (generalized graded magnets) constructed employing Y(gl(N|M))-invariant R-matrices in finite-dimensional representations we introduce the master T-operator which is a sort of generating function for the family of commuting quantum transfer matrices. Any eigenvalue of the master T-operator is the tau-function of the classical mKP hierarchy. It is a polynomial in the spectral parameter which is identified with the 0-th time of the hierarchy. This implies a remarkable relation between the quantum supersymmetric spin chains and classical many-body integrable systems of particles of the Ruijsenaars-Schneider type. As an outcome, we obtain a system of algebraic equations for the spectrum of the spin chain Hamiltonians.
Cluster-like coordinates in supersymmetric quantum field theory.
Neitzke, Andrew
2014-07-08
Recently it has become apparent that N = 2 supersymmetric quantum field theory has something to do with cluster algebras. I review one aspect of the connection: supersymmetric quantum field theories have associated hyperkähler moduli spaces, and these moduli spaces carry a structure that looks like an extension of the notion of cluster variety. In particular, one encounters the usual variables and mutations of the cluster story, along with more exotic extra variables and generalized mutations. I focus on a class of examples where the underlying cluster varieties are moduli spaces of flat connections on surfaces, as considered by Fock and Goncharov [Fock V, Goncharov A (2006) Publ Math Inst Hautes Études Sci 103:1-211]. The work reviewed here is largely joint with Davide Gaiotto and Greg Moore.
Higgs diphoton rate enhancement from supersymmetric physics beyond the MSSM
Berg, Marcus; Ghilencea, D.M.; Petersson, Christoffer
2013-01-01
We show that supersymmetric "new physics" beyond the MSSM can naturally accommodate a Higgs mass near 126 GeV and enhance the signal rate in the Higgs to diphoton channel, while the signal rates in all the other Higgs decay channels coincide with Standard Model expectations, except possibly the Higgs to Z-photon channel. The "new physics" that corrects the relevant Higgs couplings can be captured by two supersymmetric effective operators. We provide a simple example of an underlying model in which these operators are simultaneously generated. The scale of "new physics" that generates these operators can be around 5 TeV or larger, and outside the reach of the LHC.
Supersymmetric quantum mechanics on the lattice: II. Exact results
Baumgartner, David
2015-01-01
Simulations of supersymmetric field theories with spontaneously broken supersymmetry require in addition to the ultraviolet regularisation also an infrared one, due to the emergence of the massless Goldstino. The intricate interplay between ultraviolet and infrared effects towards the continuum and infinite volume limit demands careful investigations to avoid potential problems. In this paper -- the second in a series of three -- we present such an investigation for ${\\cal N}=2$ supersymmetric quantum mechanics formulated on the lattice in terms of bosonic and fermionic bonds. In one dimension, the bond formulation allows to solve the system exactly, even at finite lattice spacing, through the construction and analysis of transfer matrices. In the present paper we elaborate on this approach and discuss a range of exact results for observables such as the Witten index, the mass spectra and Ward identities.
Antideuterons as a Signature of Supersymmetric Dark Matter
Donato, F; Salati, Pierre
2000-01-01
Once the energy spectrum of the secondary component is well understood, measurements of the antiproton cosmic-ray flux at the Earth will be a powerful way to indirectly probe for the existence of supersymmetric relics in the galactic halo. Unfortunately, it is still spoilt by considerable theoretical uncertainties. As shown in this work, searches for low-energy antideuterons appear in the mean time as a plausible alternative, worth being explored. Above a few GeV/n, a dozen spallation antideuterons should be collected by the future AMS experiment on board ISSA. For energies less than about 3 GeV/n, the antideuteron spallation component becomes negligible and may be supplanted by a potential supersymmetric signal. If a few low-energy antideuterons are discovered, this should be seriously taken as a clue for the existence of massive neutralinos in the Milky Way.
Higher-order predictions for supersymmetric particle decays
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Landwehr, Ananda Demian Patrick
2012-06-12
We analyze particle decays including radiative corrections at the next-to-leading order (NLO) within the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM). If the MSSM is realized at the TeV scale, squark and gluino production and decays yield relevant rates at the LHC. Hence, in the first part of this thesis, we compute decay widths including QCD and electroweak NLO corrections to squark and gluino decays. Furthermore, the Higgs sector of the MSSM is enhanced compared to the one of the Standard Model. Thus, the additional Higgs bosons decay also into supersymmetric particles. These decays and the according NLO corrections are analyzed in the second part of this thesis. The calculations are performed within a common renormalization framework and numerically evaluated in specific benchmark scenarios.
Neutralino Relic Density in a Supersymmetric U(1)' Model
Barger, V; Langacker, P; Lee, H S; Barger, Vernon; Kao, Chung; Langacker, Paul; Lee, Hye-Sung
2004-01-01
We study properties of the lightest neutralino (\\chi) and calculate its cosmological relic density in a supersymmetric U(1)' model with a secluded U(1)' breaking sector (the S-model). The lightest neutralino mass is smaller than in the minimal supersymmetric standard model; for instance, m_\\chi < 100 GeV in the limit that the U(1)' gaugino mass is large compared to the electroweak scale. We find that the Z-\\chi-\\chi coupling can be enhanced due to the singlino components in the extended neutralino sector. Neutralino annihilation through the Z-resonance then reproduces the measured cold dark matter density over broad regions of the model parameter space.
Non-supersymmetric microstates of the MSW system
Banerjee, Souvik; Chowdhury, Borun D.; Vercnocke, Bert; Virmani, Amitabh
2014-05-01
We present an analysis parallel to that of Giusto, Ross, and Saxena (arXiv:0708.3845) and construct a discrete family of non-supersymmetric microstate geometries of the Maldacena-Strominger-Witten system. The supergravity configuration in which we look for the smooth microstates is constructed using SO(4, 4) dualities applied to an appropriate seed solution. The SO(4, 4) approach offers certain technical advantages. Our microstate solutions are smooth in five dimensions, as opposed to all previously known non-supersymmetric microstates with AdS3 cores, which are smooth only in six dimensions. The decoupled geometries for our microstates are related to global AdS3 × S2 by spectral flows.
Non-supersymmetric microstates of the MSW system
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Banerjee, Souvik [Centre for Theoretical Physics, University of Groningen,Nijenborgh 4, Groningen (Netherlands); Chowdhury, Borun D. [Department of Physics, Arizona State University,Tempe, Arizona 85287 (United States); Vercnocke, Bert [Institute of Physics, University of Amsterdam,Science Park, Postbus 94485, 1090 GL Amsterdam (Netherlands); Virmani, Amitabh [Institute of Physics,Sachivalaya Marg, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, 751005 (India)
2014-05-05
We present an analysis parallel to that of Giusto, Ross, and Saxena (arXiv:0708.3845) and construct a discrete family of non-supersymmetric microstate geometries of the Maldacena-Strominger-Witten system. The supergravity configuration in which we look for the smooth microstates is constructed using SO(4,4) dualities applied to an appropriate seed solution. The SO(4,4) approach offers certain technical advantages. Our microstate solutions are smooth in five dimensions, as opposed to all previously known non-supersymmetric microstates with AdS{sub 3} cores, which are smooth only in six dimensions. The decoupled geometries for our microstates are related to global AdS{sub 3}×S{sup 2} by spectral flows.
Gupta, Rajesh Kumar; Jeon, Imtak
2015-01-01
We use the techniques of supersymmetric localization to compute the BPS black hole entropy in N=2 supergravity. We focus on the n_v+1 vector multiplets on the black hole near horizon background which is AdS_2 x S^2 space. We find the localizing saddle point of the vector multiplets by solving the localization equations, and compute the exact one loop partition function on the saddle point. Furthermore, we propose the appropriate functional integration measure. Through this measure, the one loop determinant is written in terms of the radius of the physical metric, which depends on the localizing saddle point value of the vector multiplets. The result for the one loop determinant is consistent with the logarithmic corrections to the BPS black hole entropy from vector multiplets.
Supersymmetric models on magnetized orbifolds with flux-induced Fayet-Iliopoulos terms
Abe, Hiroyuki; Sumita, Keigo; Tatsuta, Yoshiyuki
2016-01-01
We study supersymmetric (SUSY) models derived from the ten-dimensional SUSY Yang- Mills theory compactified on magnetized orbifolds, with nonvanishing Fayet-Iliopoulos (FI) terms induced by magnetic fluxes in extra dimensions. Allowing the presence of FI-terms relaxes a constraint on flux configurations in SUSY model building based on magnetized backgrounds. In this case, charged fields develop their vacuum expectation values (VEVs) to cancel the FI-terms in the D-flat directions of fluxed gauge symmetries, which break the gauge symmetries and lead to a SUSY vacuum. Based on this idea, we propose a new class of SUSY magnetized orbifold models with three generations of quarks and leptons. Especially, we construct a model where the right-handed sneutrinos develop their VEVs which restore the supersymmetry but yield lepton number violating terms below the compactification scale, and show their phenomenological consequences.
Higgs inflation, reheating and gravitino production in no-scale Supersymmetric GUTs
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ellis, John [Theoretical Particle Physics and Cosmology Group,Department of Physics, King’s College London,London WC2R 2LS (United Kingdom); Theoretical Physics Department, CERN,CH-1211 Geneva 23 (Switzerland); He, Hong-Jian [Institute of Modern Physics and Center for High Energy Physics, Tsinghua University,Beijing 100084 (China); Center for High Energy Physics, Peking University,Beijing 100871 (China); Xianyu, Zhong-Zhi [Center of Mathematical Sciences and Applications andDepartment of Physics, Harvard University,Massachusetts 02138 (United States)
2016-08-30
We extend our previous study of supersymmetric Higgs inflation in the context of no-scale supergravity and grand unification, to include models based on the flipped SU(5) and the Pati-Salam group. Like the previous SU(5) GUT model, these yield a class of inflation models whose inflation predictions interpolate between those of the quadratic chaotic inflation and Starobinsky-like inflation, while avoiding tension with proton decay limits. We further analyse the reheating process in these models, and derive the number of e-folds, which is independent of the reheating temperature. We derive the corresponding predictions for the scalar tilt and the tensor-to-scalar ratio in cosmic microwave background perturbations, as well as discussing the gravitino production following inflation.
Supersymmetric models on magnetized orbifolds with flux-induced Fayet-Iliopoulos terms
Abe, Hiroyuki; Kobayashi, Tatsuo; Sumita, Keigo; Tatsuta, Yoshiyuki
2017-01-01
We study supersymmetric (SUSY) models derived from the ten-dimensional SUSY Yang-Mills theory compactified on magnetized orbifolds, with nonvanishing Fayet-Iliopoulos (FI) terms induced by magnetic fluxes in extra dimensions. Allowing the presence of FI-terms relaxes a constraint on flux configurations in SUSY model building based on magnetized backgrounds. In this case, charged fields develop their vacuum expectation values to cancel the FI-terms in the D-flat directions of fluxed gauge symmetries, which break the gauge symmetries and lead to a SUSY vacuum. Based on this idea, we propose a new class of SUSY magnetized orbifold models with three generations of quarks and leptons. Especially, we construct a model where the right-handed sneutrinos develop their vacuum expectation values which restore the supersymmetry but yield lepton number violating terms below the compactification scale, and show their phenomenological consequences.
Flavor violation in supersymmetric theories with gauged flavor symmetries
Kobayashi, Tatsuo; Nakano, Hiroaki; Terao, Haruhiko; Yoshioka, Koichi
2002-01-01
In this paper we study flavor violation in supersymmetric models with gauged flavor symmetries. There are several sources of flavor violation in these theories. The dominant flavor violation is the tree-level $D$-term contribution to scalar masses generated by flavor symmetry breaking. We present a new approach for suppressing this phenomenologically dangerous effects by separating the flavor-breaking sector from supersymmetry-breaking one. The separation can be achieved in geometrical setups...
BPS Boojums in N=2 supersymmetric gauge theories II
Arai, Masato; Blaschke, Filip; Eto, Minoru(Department of Physics, Yamagata University, Yamagata, 990-8560, Japan)
2016-01-01
We continue our study of 1/4 Bogomol'nyi-Prasad-Sommerfield (BPS) composite solitons of vortex strings, domain walls and boojums in N=2 supersymmetric Abelian gauge theories in four dimensions. In this work, we numerically confirm that a boojum appearing at an end point of a string on a thick domain wall behaves as a magnetic monopole with a fractional charge in three dimensions. We introduce a "magnetic" scalar potential whose gradient gives magnetic fields. Height of the magnetic potential ...
Supersymmetric black holes with lens-space topology.
Kunduri, Hari K; Lucietti, James
2014-11-21
We present a new supersymmetric, asymptotically flat, black hole solution to five-dimensional supergravity. It is regular on and outside an event horizon of lens-space topology L(2,1). It is the first example of an asymptotically flat black hole with lens-space topology. The solution is characterized by a charge, two angular momenta, and a magnetic flux through a noncontractible disk region ending on the horizon, with one constraint relating these.
Radiative fermion mass matrix generation in supersymmetric models
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Papantonopoulos, E.; Zoupanos, G.
1984-01-01
Supersymmetric SU(2)sub(L)xU(1) horizontal models are studied. The non-renormalisation theorems of sypersymmetry are used to make the mass generation and flavour mixing natural. For three families, the fermion mass matrix generation mechanism is studied as a radiative effect due to horizontal interactions, using various representations of the gauge horizontal groups SU(2)sub(H) and SU(3)sub(H). An attractive possibility leading to a realistic mass matrix is found.
Regge trajectories in {N} = 2 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory
Córdova, Clay
2016-09-01
We demonstrate that {N} = 2 supersymmetric non-Abelian gauge theories have towers of BPS particles obeying a Regge relation, J ˜ m 2, between their angular momenta, J, and their masses, m. For SU( N) Yang-Mills theories, we estimate the slope of these Regge trajectories using a non-relativistic quiver quantum mechanics model. Along the way, we also prove various structure theorems for the quiver moduli spaces that appear in the calculation.
The supersymmetric Higgs boson with flavoured A-terms
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Andrea Brignole
2015-09-01
Full Text Available We consider a supersymmetric scenario with large flavour violating A-terms in the stop/scharm sector and study their impact on the Higgs mass, the electroweak ρ parameter and the effective Higgs couplings to gluons, photons and charm quarks. For each observable we present explicit analytical expressions which exhibit the relevant parametric dependences, both in the general case and in specific limits. We find significant effects and comment on phenomenological implications for the LHC and future colliders.
Review of localization for 5d supersymmetric gauge theories
Qiu, Jian
2016-01-01
We give a pedagogical review of the localization of supersymmetric gauge theory on 5d toric Sasaki-Einstein manifolds. We construct the cohomological complex resulting from supersymmetry and consider its natural toric deformations with all equivariant parameters turned on. We also give detailed discussion on how the Sasaki-Einstein geometry permeates every aspect of the calculation, from Killing spinor, vanishing theorems to the index theorems.
Supersymmetric R\\'enyi Entropy in Two Dimensions
Mori, Hironori
2015-01-01
We compute the exact partition function on the branched two-sphere by the localization technique. It is found that it does not depend on a branching parameter q, which means that supersymmetric R\\'enyi entropy defined by utilizing it is equivalent to the usual entanglement entropy. We also provide the interpretation of the conical singularities on the branched sphere as defects sit on the poles of the nonsingular two-sphere.
CP Violation in Production and Decay of Supersymmetric Particles
2005-01-01
In this thesis we analyze CP violating effects of MSSM phases in production and two-body decays of neutralinos, charginos and sfermions. For different supersymmetric processes we define and calculate CP-odd asymmetries, which base on triple products. We present numerical results for electron-positron collisions at a future linear collider with a center of mass energy of 500-800 GeV, high luminosity and longitudinally polarized beams.
CP violation in production and decay of supersymmetric particles
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kittel, O.
2004-07-01
In this thesis we analyze CP violating effects of MSSM phases in production and two-body decays of neutralinos, charginos and sfermions. For different supersymmetric processes we define and calculate CP-odd asymmetries, which base on triple products. We present numerical results for electron-positron collisions at a future linear collider with a center of mass energy of 500-800 GeV, high luminosity and longitudinally polarized beams. (Orig.)
N=2 supersymmetric sigma-models in AdS
Butter, Daniel
2011-01-01
We construct the most general N=2 supersymmetric nonlinear sigma-model in four-dimensional anti-de Sitter (AdS) space in terms of N=1 chiral superfields. The target space is shown to be a non-compact hyperkahler manifold restricted to possess a special Killing vector field. A remarkable property of the sigma-model constructed is that the algebra of OSp(2|4) transformations is closed off the mass shell.
Supersymmetric Yang-Mills quantum mechanics in various dimensions
Wosiek, J
2004-01-01
Recent analytical and numerical solutions of the above systems are reviewed. Discussed results include: a) exact construction of the supersymmetric vacua in two space-time dimensions, and b) precise numerical calculations of the coexisting continuous and discrete spectra in the four-dimensional system, together with the identification of dynamical supermultiplets and SUSY vacua. New construction of the gluinoless SO(9) singlet state, which is vastly different from the empty state, in the ten-dimensional model is also briefly summarized.
Electric Dipole Moments of Neutron and Electron in Supersymmetric Model
Aoki, Mayumi; Kadoyoshi, Tomoko; Sugamoto, Akio; Oshimo, Noriyuki
1997-01-01
The electric dipole moments (EDMs) of the neutron and the electron are reviewed within the framework of the supersymmetric standard model (SSM) based on grand unified theories coupled to N=1 supergravity. Taking into account one-loop and two-loop contributions to the EDMs, we explore SSM parameter space consistent with experiments and discuss predicted values for the EDMs. Implications of baryon asymmetry of our universe for the EDMs are also discussed.
Rammensee, Michael
The Standard Model of particle physics (SM) is very successful in describing elementary particles and their interactions. The recent discovery of a new boson at the LHC continues this successful story as it is compatible with the last undiscovered particle in the SM, the Higgs boson. However, the SM has limitations such as the hierarchy problem or the missing dark matter candidate. One of the extensions to the SM includes a new space-time symmetry, called Supersymmetry (SUSY), resulting in a symmetry between fermions and bosons. In most phenomenological SUSY models the production of supersymmetric particles at the LHC is dominated by squark-squark, squark-anti-squark, squark-gluino and gluino-gluino pair production. Squarks are the super-partners to quarks and gluinos the super-partners to the gluons. These particles decay subsequently into the lightest supersymmetric particle which does not interact with detector material. Thus the striking signature for such a pair production of supersymmetric particles in ...
Doped Heisenberg chains: Spin-S generalizations of the supersymmetric t-J model
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Frahm, Holger E-mail: frahm@itp.uni-hannover.de
1999-10-25
A family of exactly solvable models describing a spin S Heisenberg chain doped with mobile spin-(S - ((1)/(2))) carriers is constructed from gl(2|1)-invariant solutions of the Yang-Baxter equation. The models are generalizations of the supersymmetric t-J model which is obtained for S ((1)/(2)). We solve the model by means of the algebraic Bethe Ansatz and present results for the zero temperature and thermodynamic properties. At low temperatures the models show spin charge separation, i.e. contain contributions of a free bosonic theory in the charge sector and an SU(2)-invariant theory describing the magnetic excitations. For small carrier concentration the latter can be decomposed further into an SU(2) level-2S Wess-Zumino-Novikov-Witten model and the minimal unitary model M{sub p} with p 2S + 1.
Minimum Supersymmetric Standard Model on the Noncommutative Geometry
Ishihara, Satoshi; Matsukawa, Atsuko; Sato, Hikaru; Shimojo, Masafumi
2013-01-01
We have obtained the supersymmetric extension of spectral triple which specify a noncommutative geometry(NCG). We assume that the functional space H constitutes of wave functions of matter fields and their superpartners included in the minimum supersymmetric standard model(MSSM). We introduce the internal fluctuations to the Dirac operator on the manifold as well as on the finite space by elements of the algebra A in the triple. So, we obtain not only the vector supermultiplets which meditate SU(3)xSU(2)xU(1)_Y gauge degrees of freedom but also Higgs supermultiplets which appear in MSSM on the same standpoint. Accoding to the supersymmetric version of the spectral action principle, we calculate the square of the fluctuated total Dirac operator and verify that the Seeley-DeWitt coeffients give the correct action of MSSM. We also verify that the relation between coupling constants of $SU(3)$,$SU(2)$ and $U(1)_Y$ is same as that of SU(5) unification theory.
The Casimir Energy in Curved Space and its Supersymmetric Counterpart
Assel, Benjamin; Di Pietro, Lorenzo; Komargodski, Zohar; Lorenzen, Jakob; Martelli, Dario
2015-01-01
We study $d$-dimensional Conformal Field Theories (CFTs) on the cylinder, $S^{d-1}\\times \\mathbb{R}$, and its deformations. In $d=2$ the Casimir energy (i.e. the vacuum energy) is universal and is related to the central charge $c$. In $d=4$ the vacuum energy depends on the regularization scheme and has no intrinsic value. We show that this property extends to infinitesimally deformed cylinders and support this conclusion with a holographic check. However, for $\\mathcal{N}=1$ supersymmetric CFTs, a natural analog of the Casimir energy turns out to be scheme independent and thus intrinsic. We give two proofs of this result. We compute the Casimir energy for such theories by reducing to a problem in supersymmetric quantum mechanics. For the round cylinder the vacuum energy is proportional to $a+3c$. We also compute the dependence of the Casimir energy on the squashing parameter of the cylinder. Finally, we revisit the problem of supersymmetric regularization of the path integral on Hopf surfaces.
A Chargeless Complex Vector Matter Field in Supersymmetric Scenario
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
L. P. Colatto
2015-01-01
Full Text Available We construct and study a formulation of a chargeless complex vector matter field in a supersymmetric framework. To this aim we combine two nochiral scalar superfields in order to take the vector component field to build the chargeless complex vector superpartner where the respective field strength transforms into matter fields by a global U1 gauge symmetry. For the aim of dealing with consistent terms without breaking the global U1 symmetry we imposes a choice to the complex combination revealing a kind of symmetry between the choices and eliminates the extra degrees of freedom which is consistent with the supersymmetry. As the usual case the mass supersymmetric sector contributes as a complement to dynamics of the model. We obtain the equations of motion of the Proca’s type field for the chiral spinor fields and for the scalar field on the mass-shell which show the same mass as expected. This work establishes the first steps to extend the analysis of charged massive vector field in a supersymmetric scenario.
Non-decoupling effects in supersymmetric Higgs sectors
Kanemura, Shinya; Yagyu, Kei
2010-01-01
A wide class of Higgs sectors is comprehensively investigated in the decoupling region in supersymmetric standard models. The mass ($m_h$) of the lightest Higgs boson ($h$) as well as the triple Higgs boson coupling (the $hhh$ coupling) are evaluated at the one-loop level in each model. While $m_h$ is at most 120-130 GeV in the minimal supersymmetric standard model (MSSM), that in models with an additional singlet or triplet fields can be much larger. The $hhh$ coupling can also be sensitive to the models: while in the MSSM the deviation from the standard model prediction is not significant, that can be 30-60 \\% in some models such as that with the additional singlet or with extra doublets and charged singlets. These models are motivated by specific physics problems. Therefore, when $h$ is found at the CERN Large Hadron Collider, we may be able to discriminate supersymmetric models by measuring $m_h$ and the $hhh$ coupling accurately at future collider experiments.
Abazov, V M; Abbott, B; Abolins, M; Acharya, B S; Adams, M; Adams, T; Aguilo, E; Ahsan, M; Alexeev, G D; Alkhazov, G; Alton, A; Alverson, G; Alves, G A; Ancu, L S; Aoki, M; Arnoud, Y; Arov, M; Askew, A; Asman, B; Atramentov, O; Avila, C; BackusMayes, J; Badaud, F; Bagby, L; Baldin, B; Bandurin, D V; Banerjee, S; Barberis, E; Barfuss, A-F; Baringer, P; Barreto, J; Bartlett, J F; Bassler, U; Bauer, D; Beale, S; Bean, A; Begalli, M; Begel, M; Belanger-Champagne, C; Bellantoni, L; Benitez, J A; Beri, S B; Bernardi, G; Bernhard, R; Bertram, I; Besançon, M; Beuselinck, R; Bezzubov, V A; Bhat, P C; Bhatnagar, V; Blazey, G; Blessing, S; Bloom, K; Boehnlein, A; Boline, D; Bolton, T A; Boos, E E; Borissov, G; Bose, T; Brandt, A; Brock, R; Brooijmans, G; Bross, A; Brown, D; Bu, X B; Buchholz, D; Buehler, M; Buescher, V; Bunichev, V; Burdin, S; Burnett, T H; Buszello, C P; Calfayan, P; Calpas, B; Calvet, S; Camacho-Pérez, E; Cammin, J; Carrasco-Lizarraga, M A; Carrera, E; Carvalho, W; Casey, B C K; Castilla-Valdez, H; Chakrabarti, S; Chakraborty, D; Chan, K M; Chandra, A; Cheu, E; Chevalier-Théry, S; Cho, D K; Cho, S W; Choi, S; Choudhary, B; Christoudias, T; Cihangir, S; Claes, D; Clutter, J; Cooke, M; Cooper, W E; Corcoran, M; Couderc, F; Cousinou, M-C; Cutts, D; Cwiok, M; Das, A; Davies, G; De, K; de Jong, S J; De la Cruz-Burelo, E; DeVaughan, K; Déliot, F; Demarteau, M; Demina, R; Denisov, D; Denisov, S P; Desai, S; Diehl, H T; Diesburg, M; Dominguez, A; Dorland, T; Dubey, A; Dudko, L V; Duflot, L; Duggan, D; Duperrin, A; Dutt, S; Dyshkant, A; Eads, M; Edmunds, D; Ellison, J; Elvira, V D; Enari, Y; Eno, S; Evans, H; Evdokimov, A; Evdokimov, V N; Facini, G; Ferapontov, A V; Ferbel, T; Fiedler, F; Filthaut, F; Fisher, W; Fisk, H E; Fortner, M; Fox, H; Fuess, S; Gadfort, T; Galea, C F; Garcia-Bellido, A; Gavrilov, V; Gay, P; Geist, W; Geng, W; Gerbaudo, D; Gerber, C E; Gershtein, Y; Gillberg, D; Ginther, G; Golovanov, G; Gómez, B; Goussiou, A; Grannis, P D; Greder, S; Greenlee, H; Greenwood, Z D; Gregores, E M; Grenier, G; Gris, Ph; Grivaz, J-F; Grohsjean, A; Grünendahl, S; Grünewald, M W; Guo, F; Guo, J; Gutierrez, G; Gutierrez, P; Haas, A; Haefner, P; Hagopian, S; Haley, J; Hall, I; Hall, R E; Han, L; Harder, K; Harel, A; Hauptman, J M; Hays, J; Hebbeker, T; Hedin, D; Hegeman, J G; Heinson, A P; Heintz, U; Hensel, C; Heredia-De la Cruz, I; Herner, K; Hesketh, G; Hildreth, M D; Hirosky, R; Hoang, T; Hobbs, J D; Hoeneisen, B; Hohlfeld, M; Hossain, S; Houben, P; Hu, Y; Hubacek, Z; Huske, N; Hynek, V; Iashvili, I; Illingworth, R; Ito, A S; Jabeen, S; Jaffré, M; Jain, S; Jakobs, K; Jamin, D; Jesik, R; Johns, K; Johnson, C; Johnson, M; Johnston, D; Jonckheere, A; Jonsson, P; Juste, A; Kajfasz, E; Karmanov, D; Kasper, P A; Katsanos, I; Kaushik, V; Kehoe, R; Kermiche, S; Khalatyan, N; Khanov, A; Kharchilava, A; Kharzheev, Y N; Khatidze, D; Kirby, M H; Kirsch, M; Kohli, J M; Kozelov, A V; Kraus, J; Kumar, A; Kupco, A; Kurca, T; Kuzmin, V A; Kvita, J; Lacroix, F; Lam, D; Lammers, S; Landsberg, G; Lebrun, P; Lee, H S; Lee, W M; Leflat, A; Lellouch, J; Li, L; Li, Q Z; Lietti, S M; Lim, J K; Lincoln, D; Linnemann, J; Lipaev, V V; Lipton, R; Liu, Y; Liu, Z; Lobodenko, A; Lokajicek, M; Love, P; Lubatti, H J; Luna-Garcia, R; Lyon, A L; Maciel, A K A; Mackin, D; Mättig, P; Magaña-Villalba, R; Mal, P K; Malik, S; Malyshev, V L; Maravin, Y; Martin, B; Martínez-Ortega, J; McCarthy, R; McGivern, C L; Meijer, M M; Melnitchouk, A; Mendoza, L; Menezes, D; Mercadante, P G; Merkin, M; Meyer, A; Meyer, J; Mondal, N K; Moore, R W; Moulik, T; Muanza, G S; Mulhearn, M; Mundal, O; Mundim, L; Nagy, E; Naimuddin, M; Narain, M; Nayyar, R; Neal, H A; Negret, J P; Neustroev, P; Nilsen, H; Nogima, H; Novaes, S F; Nunnemann, T; Obrant, G; Onoprienko, D; Orduna, J; Osman, N; Osta, J; Otec, R; Otero y Garzón, G J; Owen, M; Padilla, M; Padley, P; Pangilinan, M; Parashar, N; Parihar, V; Park, S-J; Park, S K; Parsons, J; Partridge, R; Parua, N; Patwa, A; Penning, B; Perfilov, M; Peters, K; Peters, Y; Pétroff, P; Piegaia, R; Piper, J; Pleier, M-A; Podesta-Lerma, P L M; Podstavkov, V M; Pogorelov, Y; Pol, M-E; Polozov, P; Popov, A V; Prewitt, M; Protopopescu, S; Qian, J; Quadt, A; Quinn, B; Rangel, M S; Ranjan, K; Ratoff, P N; Razumov, I; Renkel, P; Rich, P; Rijssenbeek, M; Ripp-Baudot, I; Rizatdinova, F; Robinson, S; Rominsky, M; Royon, C; Rubinov, P; Ruchti, R; Safronov, G; Sajot, G; Sánchez-Hernández, A; Sanders, M P; Sanghi, B; Savage, G; Sawyer, L; Scanlon, T; Schaile, D; Schamberger, R D; Scheglov, Y; Schellman, H; Schliephake, T; Schlobohm, S; Schwanenberger, C; Schwienhorst, R; Sekaric, J; Severini, H; Shabalina, E; Shamim, M; Shary, V; Shchukin, A A; Shivpuri, R K; Simak, V; Sirotenko, V; Skubic, P; Slattery, P; Smirnov, D; Snow, G R; Snow, J; Snyder, S; Söldner-Rembold, S; Sonnenschein, L; Sopczak, A; Sosebee, M; Soustruznik, K; Spurlock, B; Stark, J; Stolin, V; Stoyanova, D A; Strandberg, J; Strang, M A; Strauss, E; Strauss, M; Ströhmer, R; Strom, D; Stutte, L; Sumowidagdo, S; Svoisky, P; Takahashi, M; Tanasijczuk, A; Taylor, W; Tiller, B; Titov, M; Tokmenin, V V; Torchiani, I; Tsybychev, D; Tuchming, B; Tully, C; Tuts, P M; Unalan, R; Uvarov, L; Uvarov, S; Uzunyan, S; van den Berg, P J; Van Kooten, R; van Leeuwen, W M; Varelas, N; Varnes, E W; Vasilyev, I A; Verdier, P; Vertogradov, L S; Verzocchi, M; Vesterinen, M; Vilanova, D; Vint, P; Vokac, P; Wagner, R; Wahl, H D; Wang, M H L S; Warchol, J; Watts, G; Wayne, M; Weber, G; Weber, M; Wenger, A; Wetstein, M; White, A; Wicke, D; Williams, M R J; Wilson, G W; Wimpenny, S J; Wobisch, M; Wood, D R; Wyatt, T R; Xie, Y; Xu, C; Yacoob, S; Yamada, R; Yang, W-C; Yasuda, T; Yatsunenko, Y A; Ye, Z; Yin, H; Yip, K; Yoo, H D; Youn, S W; Yu, J; Zeitnitz, C; Zelitch, S; Zhao, T; Zhou, B; Zhu, J; Zielinski, M; Zieminska, D; Zivkovic, L; Zutshi, V; Zverev, E G
2010-04-16
We report results from a search for production of a neutral Higgs boson in association with a b quark. We search for Higgs decays to tau pairs with one tau subsequently decaying to a muon and the other to hadrons. The data correspond to 2.7 fb(-1) of pp collisions recorded by the D0 detector at square root(s)=1.96 TeV. The data are found to be consistent with background predictions. The result allows us to exclude a significant region of parameter space of the minimal supersymmetric model.
Eto, Minoru
2014-01-01
Dyonic non-Abelian local/semi-global vortex strings are studied in detail in supersymmetric/non-supersymmetric Yang-Mills-Higgs theories. While the BPS tension formula is known to be the same as that for the BPS dyonic instanton, we find that the non-BPS tension formula is approximated very well by the well-known tension formula of the BPS dyon. We show that this mysterious tension formula for the dyonic non-BPS vortex stings can be understood from the perspective of a low energy effective field theory. Furthermore, we propose an efficient method to obtain an effective theory of a single vortex string, which includes not only lower derivative terms but also all order derivative corrections by making use of the tension formula. We also find a novel dyonic vortex string whose internal orientation vectors rotate in time and spiral along the string axis.
Das, Debottam; Ellwanger, Ulrich; Teixeira, Ana M.
2012-03-01
The code NMSDECAY allows to compute widths and branching ratios of sparticle decays in the Next-to-Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model. It is based on a generalization of SDECAY, to include the extended Higgs and neutralino sectors of the NMSSM. Slepton 3-body decays, possibly relevant in the case of a singlino-like lightest supersymmetric particle, have been added. NMSDECAY will be part of the NMSSMTools package, which computes Higgs, sparticle masses and Higgs decays in the NMSSM. Program summaryProgram title: NMSDECAY Catalogue identifier: AELC_v1_0 Program summary URL:http://cpc.cs.qub.ac.uk/summaries/AELC_v1_0.html Program obtainable from: CPC Program Library, Queen's University, Belfast, N. Ireland Licensing provisions: Standard CPC licence, http://cpc.cs.qub.ac.uk/licence/licence.html No. of lines in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 188 177 No. of bytes in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 1 896 478 Distribution format: tar.gz Programming language: FORTRAN77 Computer: All supporting g77, gfortran, ifort Operating system: All supporting g77, gfortran, ifort Classification: 11.1 External routines: Routines in the NMSSMTools package: At least one of the routines in the directory main (e.g. nmhdecay.f), all routines in the directory sources. (All software is included in the distribution package.) Nature of problem: Calculation of all decay widths and decay branching fractions of all particles in the Next-to-Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model. Solution method: Suitable generalization of the code SDECAY [1] including the extended Higgs and neutralino sector of the Next-to-Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model, and slepton 3-body decays. Additional comments: NMSDECAY is interfaced with NMSSMTools, available on the web page http://www.th.u-psud.fr/NMHDECAY/nmssmtools.html. Running time: On an Intel Core i7 with 2.8 GHZ: about 2 seconds per point in parameter space, if all flags flagqcd, flagmulti and flagloop are switched on.
Generalised structures for N=1 AdS backgrounds
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Coimbra, André [Institut für Theoretische Physik & Center for Quantum Engineering and Spacetime Research,Leibniz Universität Hannover,Appelstraße 2, 30167 Hannover (Germany); Strickland-Constable, Charles [Institut de physique théorique, Université Paris Saclay, CEA, CNRS, Orme des Merisiers, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette (France)
2016-11-16
We expand upon a claim made in a recent paper [http://arxiv.org/abs/1411.5721] that generic minimally supersymmetric AdS backgrounds of warped flux compactifications of Type II and M theory can be understood as satisfying a straightforward weak integrability condition in the language of E{sub d(d)}×ℝ{sup +} generalised geometry. Namely, they are spaces admitting a generalised G-structure set by the Killing spinor and with constant singlet generalised intrinsic torsion.
New ATLAS results in inclusive searches for supersymmetric squarks and gluinos
National Research Council Canada - National Science Library
Miriam Lorenz, Jeanette
2014-01-01
.... These proceedings summarise recent results from the ATLAS experiment at the LHC on inclusive searches for supersymmetric squarks and gluinos in events containing jets, missing transverse momentum...
Localization of gauge theory on a four-sphere and supersymmetric Wilson loops
Pestun, Vasily
2007-01-01
We prove conjecture due to Erickson-Semenoff-Zarembo and Drukker-Gross which relates supersymmetric circular Wilson loop operators in the N=4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory with a Gaussian matrix model. We also compute the partition function and give a new matrix model formula for the expectation value of a supersymmetric circular Wilson loop operator for the pure N=2 and the N=2* supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory on a four-sphere. A four-dimensional N=2 superconformal gauge theory is treated similarly.
Update of the search for supersymmetric particles in scenarios with Gravitino LSP and Sleptons NLSP
Abreu, P.; Adye, T.; Adzic, P.; Albrecht, Z.; Alderweireld, T.; Alekseev, G.D.; Alemany, R.; Allmendinger, T.; Allport, P.P.; Almehed, S.; Amaldi, U.; Amapane, N.; Amato, S.; Anashkin, E.; Anassontzis, E.G.; Andersson, P.; Andreazza, A.; Andringa, S.; Anjos, N.; Antilogus, P.; Apel, W.D.; Arnoud, Y.; Asman, B.; Augustin, J.E.; Augustinus, A.; Baillon, P.; Ballestrero, A.; Bambade, P.; Barao, F.; Barbiellini, G.; Barbier, R.; Bardin, Dmitri Yu.; Barker, G.J.; Baroncelli, A.; Battaglia, M.; Baubillier, M.; Becks, K.H.; Begalli, M.; Behrmann, A.; Belokopytov, Yu.; Belous, K.; Benekos, N.C.; Benvenuti, A.C.; Berat, C.; Berggren, M.; Berntzon, L.; Bertrand, D.; Besancon, M.; Besson, N.; Bilenky, Mikhail S.; Bloch, D.; Blom, H.M.; Bol, L.; Bonesini, M.; Boonekamp, M.; Booth, P.S.L.; Borisov, G.; Bosio, C.; Botner, O.; Boudinov, E.; Bouquet, B.; Bowcock, T.J.V.; Boyko, I.; Bozovic, I.; Bozzo, M.; Bracko, M.; Branchini, P.; Brenner, R.A.; Bruckman, P.; Brunet, J.M.; Bugge, L.; Buschmann, P.; Caccia, M.; Calvi, M.; Camporesi, T.; Canale, V.; Carena, F.; Carroll, L.; Caso, C.; Castillo Gimenez, M.V.; Cattai, A.; Cavallo, F.R.; Chapkin, M.; Charpentier, P.; Checchia, P.; Chelkov, G.A.; Chierici, R.; Chliapnikov, P.; Chochula, P.; Chorowicz, V.; Chudoba, J.; Cieslik, K.; Collins, P.; Contri, R.; Cortina, E.; Cosme, G.; Cossutti, F.; Costa, M.; Crawley, H.B.; Crennell, D.; Croix, J.; Cuevas Maestro, J.; Czellar, S.; D'Hondt, J.; Dalmau, J.; Davenport, M.; Da Silva, W.; Della Ricca, G.; Delpierre, P.; Demaria, N.; De Angelis, A.; De Boer, W.; De Clercq, C.; De Lotto, B.; De Min, A.; De Paula, L.; Dijkstra, H.; Di Ciaccio, L.; Doroba, K.; Dracos, M.; Drees, J.; Dris, M.; Eigen, G.; Ekelof, T.; Ellert, M.; Elsing, M.; Engel, J.P.; Espirito Santo, M.C.; Fanourakis, G.; Fassouliotis, D.; Feindt, M.; Fernandez, J.; Ferrer, A.; Ferrer-Ribas, E.; Ferro, F.; Firestone, A.; Flagmeyer, U.; Foeth, H.; Fokitis, E.; Fontanelli, F.; Franek, B.; Frodesen, A.G.; Fruhwirth, R.; Fulda-Quenzer, F.; Fuster, J.; Galloni, A.; Gamba, D.; Gamblin, S.; Gandelman, M.; Garcia, C.; Gaspar, C.; Gaspar, M.; Gasparini, U.; Gavillet, P.; Gazis, Evangelos; Gele, D.; Geralis, T.; Ghodbane, N.; Gil Botella, Ines; Glege, F.; Gokieli, R.; Golob, B.; Gomez-Ceballos, G.; Goncalves, P.; Gonzalez Caballero, I.; Gopal, G.; Gorn, L.; Gouz, Yu.; Gracco, V.; Grahl, J.; Graziani, E.; Grosdidier, G.; Grzelak, K.; Guy, J.; Haag, C.; Hahn, F.; Hahn, S.; Haider, S.; Hallgren, A.; Hamacher, K.; Hansen, J.; Harris, F.J.; Haug, S.; Hauler, F.; Hedberg, V.; Heising, S.; Hernandez, J.J.; Herquet, P.; Herr, H.; Hertz, O.; Higon, E.; Holmgren, S.O.; Holt, P.J.; Hoorelbeke, S.; Houlden, M.; Hrubec, J.; Hughes, G.J.; Hultqvist, K.; Jackson, John Neil; Jacobsson, R.; Jalocha, P.; Jarlskog, C.; Jarlskog, G.; Jarry, P.; Jean-Marie, B.; Jeans, D.; Johansson, Erik Karl; Jonsson, P.; Joram, C.; Juillot, P.; Jungermann, L.; Kapusta, Frederic; Karafasoulis, K.; Katsanevas, S.; Katsoufis, E.C.; Keranen, R.; Kernel, G.; Kersevan, B.P.; Khokhlov, Yu.A.; Khomenko, B.A.; Khovanski, N.N.; Kiiskinen, A.; King, B.; Kinvig, A.; Kjaer, N.J.; Klapp, O.; Kluit, P.; Kokkinias, P.; Kostioukhine, V.; Kourkoumelis, C.; Kouznetsov, O.; Krammer, M.; Kriznic, E.; Krumstein, Z.; Kubinec, P.; Kucharczyk, M.; Kurowska, J.; Lamsa, J.W.; Laugier, J.P.; Leder, G.; Ledroit, Fabienne; Leinonen, L.; Leisos, A.; Leitner, R.; Lenzen, G.; Lepeltier, V.; Lesiak, T.; Lethuillier, M.; Libby, J.; Liebig, W.; Liko, D.; Lipniacka, A.; Lippi, I.; Loken, J.G.; Lopes, J.H.; Lopez, J.M.; Lopez-Fernandez, R.; Loukas, D.; Lutz, P.; Lyons, L.; MacNaughton, J.; Mahon, J.R.; Maio, A.; Malek, A.; Maltezos, S.; Malychev, V.; Mandl, F.; Marco, J.; Marco, R.; Marechal, B.; Margoni, M.; Marin, J.C.; Mariotti, C.; Markou, A.; Martinez-Rivero, C.; Marti i Garcia, S.; Masik, J.; Mastroyiannopoulos, N.; Matorras, F.; Matteuzzi, C.; Matthiae, G.; Mazzucato, F.; Mazzucato, M.; McCubbin, M.; McKay, R.; McNulty, R.; McPherson, G.; Merle, E.; Meroni, C.; Meyer, W.T.; Migliore, E.; Mirabito, L.; Mitaroff, W.A.; Mjoernmark, U.; Moa, T.; Moch, M.; Monig, Klaus; Monge, M.R.; Montenegro, J.; Moraes, D.; Morettini, P.; Morton, G.; Muller, U.; Muenich, K.; Mulders, M.; Mundim, L.M.; Murray, W.J.; Muryn, B.; Myatt, G.; Myklebust, T.; Nassiakou, M.; Navarria, F.L.; Nawrocki, K.; Negri, P.; Nemecek, S.; Neufeld, N.; Nicolaidou, R.; Niezurawski, P.; Nikolenko, M.; Nomokonov, V.; Nygren, A.; Obraztsov, V.; Olshevski, A.G.; Onofre, A.; Orava, R.; Osterberg, K.; Ouraou, A.; Oyanguren, A.; Paganoni, M.; Paiano, S.; Pain, R.; Paiva, R.; Palacios, J.; Palka, H.; Papadopoulou, T.D.; Pape, L.; Parkes, C.; Parodi, F.; Parzefall, U.; Passeri, A.; Passon, O.; Peralta, L.; Perepelitsa, V.; Pernicka, M.; Perrotta, A.; Petridou, C.; Petrolini, A.; Phillips, H.T.; Pierre, F.; Pimenta, M.; Piotto, E.; Podobnik, T.; Poireau, V.; Pol, M.E.; Polok, G.; Poropat, P.; Pozdniakov, V.; Privitera, P.; Pukhaeva, N.; Pullia, A.; Radojicic, D.; Ragazzi, S.; Rahmani, H.; Read, Alexander L.; Rebecchi, P.; Redaelli, Nicola Giuseppe; Regler, M.; Rehn, J.; Reid, D.; Reinhardt, R.; Renton, P.B.; Resvanis, L.K.; Richard, F.; Ridky, J.; Rinaudo, G.; Ripp-Baudot, Isabelle; Romero, A.; Ronchese, P.; Rosenberg, E.I.; Rosinsky, P.; Rovelli, T.; Ruhlmann-Kleider, V.; Ruiz, A.; Saarikko, H.; Sacquin, Y.; Sadovsky, A.; Sajot, G.; Salmi, L.; Salt, J.; Sampsonidis, D.; Sannino, M.; Savoy-Navarro, A.; Schwanda, C.; Schwemling, P.; Schwering, B.; Schwickerath, U.; Scuri, Fabrizio; Seager, P.; Sedykh, Y.; Segar, A.M.; Sekulin, R.; Sette, G.; Shellard, R.C.; Siebel, M.; Simard, L.; Simonetto, F.; Sisakian, A.N.; Smadja, G.; Smirnov, N.; Smirnova, O.; Smith, G.R.; Sokolov, A.; Sopczak, A.; Sosnowski, R.; Spassov, T.; Spiriti, E.; Squarcia, S.; Stanescu, C.; Stanitzki, M.; Stevenson, K.; Stocchi, A.; Strauss, J.; Strub, R.; Stugu, B.; Szczekowski, M.; Szeptycka, M.; Tabarelli, T.; Taffard, A.; Chikilev, O.; Tegenfeldt, F.; Terranova, F.; Timmermans, Jan; Tinti, N.; Tkatchev, L.G.; Tobin, M.; Todorova, S.; Tome, B.; Tonazzo, A.; Tortora, L.; Tortosa, P.; Treille, D.; Tristram, G.; Trochimczuk, M.; Troncon, C.; Turluer, M.L.; Tyapkin, I.A.; Tyapkin, P.; Tzamarias, S.; Ullaland, O.; Uvarov, V.; Valenti, G.; Vallazza, E.; Vander Velde, C.; Van Dam, Piet; Van den Boeck, W.; Van Eldik, J.; Van Lysebetten, A.; van Remortel, N.; Van Vulpen, I.; Vegni, G.; Ventura, L.; Venus, W.; Verbeure, F.; Verdier, P.; Verlato, M.; Vertogradov, L.S.; Verzi, V.; Vilanova, D.; Vitale, L.; Vlasov, E.; Vodopianov, A.S.; Voulgaris, G.; Vrba, V.; Wahlen, H.; Washbrook, A.J.; Weiser, C.; Wicke, D.; Wickens, J.H.; Wilkinson, G.R.; Winter, M.; Witek, M.; Wolf, G.; Yi, J.; Yushchenko, O.; Zalewska, A.; Zalewski, P.; Zavrtanik, D.; Zevgolatakos, E.; Zimine, N.I.; Zintchenko, A.; Zoller, P.; Zumerle, G.; Zupan, M.
2001-01-01
An update of the search for sleptons, neutralinos and charginos in the context of scenarios where the lightest supersymmetric particle is the gravitino and the next-to-lightest supersymmetric particle is a slepton, is presented, together with the update of the search for heavy stable charged particles in light gravitino scenarios and Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Models. Data collected in 1999 with the DELPHI detector at centre-of-mass energies around 192, 196, 200 and 202 GeV were analysed. No evidence for the production of these supersymmetric particles was found. Hence, new mass limits were derived at 95% confidence level.
A non-standard Lax formulation of the Harry Dym hierarchy and its supersymmetric extension
Tian, Kai; Popowicz, Ziemowit; Liu, Q. P.
2012-03-01
For the Harry Dym hierarchy, a non-standard Lax formulation is deduced from that of the Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) equation through a reciprocal transformation. By supersymmetrizing this Lax operator, a new N = 2 supersymmetric extension of the Harry Dym hierarchy is constructed, and is further shown to be linked to one of the N = 2 supersymmetric KdV equations through the superconformal transformation. The bosonic limit of this new N = 2 supersymmetric Harry Dym equation is related to a coupled system of KdV-MKdV equations.
Supersymmetrization schemes of D=4 Maxwell algebra
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kamimura, Kiyoshi, E-mail: kamimura@ph.sci.toho-u.ac.jp [Department of Physics, Toho University, Funabashi 274-8510 (Japan); Lukierski, Jerzy [Institute of Theoretical Physics, Wroclaw University, pl. Maxa Borna 9, 50-204 Wroclaw (Poland)
2012-01-20
The Maxwell algebra, an enlargement of Poincare algebra by Abelian tensorial generators, can be obtained in arbitrary dimension D by the suitable contraction of O(D-1,1) Circled-Plus O(D-1,2) (Lorentz algebra Circled-Plus AdS algebra). We recall that in D=4 the Lorentz algebra O(3,1) is described by the realification Sp{sub R}(2|C) of complex algebra Sp(2|C) Asymptotically-Equal-To Sl(2|C) and O(3,2) Asymptotically-Equal-To Sp(4). We study various D=4N-extended Maxwell superalgebras obtained by the contractions of real superalgebras OSp{sub R}(2N-k;2|C) Circled-Plus OSp(k;4) (k=0,1,2, Horizontal-Ellipsis ,2N); (extended Lorentz superalgebra Circled-Plus extended AdS superalgebra). If N=1 (k=0,1,2) one arrives at three different versions of simple Maxwell superalgebra. For any fixed N we get 2N different superextensions of Maxwell algebra with n-extended Poincare superalgebras (1 Less-Than-Or-Slanted-Equal-To n Less-Than-Or-Slanted-Equal-To N) and the internal symmetry sectors obtained by suitable contractions of the real algebra O{sub R}(2N-k|C) Circled-Plus O(k). Finally the comments on possible applications of Maxwell superalgebras are presented.
Supersymmetric grand unified theories from quarks to strings via SUSY GUTs
Raby, Stuart
2017-01-01
These course-tested lectures provide a technical introduction to Supersymmetric Grand Unified Theories (SUSY GUTs), as well as a personal view on the topic by one of the pioneers in the field. While the Standard Model of Particle Physics is incredibly successful in describing the known universe it is, nevertheless, an incomplete theory with many free parameters and open issues. An elegant solution to all of these quandaries is the proposed theory of SUSY GUTs. In a GUT, quarks and leptons are related in a simple way by the unifying symmetry and their electric charges are quantized, further the relative strength of the strong, weak and electromagnetic forces are predicted. SUSY GUTs additionally provide a framework for understanding particle masses and offer candidates for dark matter. Finally, with the extension of SUSY GUTs to string theory, a quantum-mechanically consistent unification of the four known forces (including gravity) is obtained. The book is organized in three sections: the first section contai...
Moduli dynamics as a predictive tool for thermal maximally supersymmetric Yang-Mills at large N
Morita, Takeshi; Wiseman, Toby; Withers, Benjamin
2014-01-01
Maximally supersymmetric (p+1)-dimensional Yang-Mills theory at large N and finite temperature, with possibly compact spatial directions, has a rich phase structure. Strongly coupled phases may have holographic descriptions as black branes in various string duality frames, or there may be no gravity dual. In this paper we provide tools in the gauge theory which give a simple and unified picture of the various strongly coupled phases, and transitions between them. Building on our previous work we consider the effective theory describing the moduli of the gauge theory, which can be computed precisely when it is weakly coupled far out on the Coulomb branch. Whilst for perturbation theory naive extrapolation from weak coupling to strong gives little information, for this moduli theory naive extrapolation from its weakly to its strongly coupled regime appears to encode a surprising amount of information about the various strongly coupled phases. We argue it encodes not only the parametric form of thermodynamic qua...
All homogeneous N=2 M-theory truncations with supersymmetric AdS4 vacua
Cassani, Davide; Varela, Oscar
2012-01-01
We study consistent truncations of M-theory to gauged N=2 supergravity in four dimensions, based on a large class of SU(3)-structures in seven dimensions. We show that the gauging involves isometries of the vector multiplet scalar manifold as well as the Heisenberg algebra and a special isometry of the hyperscalar manifold. As a result, non-abelian gauge groups and new non-trivial scalar potentials are generated. Then we specialize to all homogeneous SU(3)-structures supporting supersymmetric AdS4 vacua. These are the Stiefel manifold V52, the Aloff-Wallach spaces N(k,l), the seven-sphere (seen as SU(4)/SU(3) or Sp(2)/Sp(1)) and the M110 and Q111 coset spaces. For each of these cases, we describe in detail the N=2 model and discuss its peculiarities.
Light-Front Holography, Color Confinement, and Supersymmetric Features of QCD
Brodsky, Stanley J
2016-01-01
Light-Front Quantization provides a physical, frame-independent formalism for hadron dynamics and structure. Observables such as structure functions, transverse momentum distributions, and distribution amplitudes are defined from the hadronic light-front wavefunctions. One obtains new insights into the hadronic spectrum, light-front wavefunctions, and the functional form of the QCD running coupling in the nonperturbative domain using light-front holography -- the duality between the front form and AdS$_5$, the space of isometries of the conformal group. In addition, superconformal algebra leads to remarkable supersymmetric relations between mesons and baryons of the same parity. The mass scale $\\kappa$ underlying confinement and hadron masses can be connected to the parameter $\\Lambda_{\\overline {MS}}$ in the QCD running coupling by matching the nonperturbative dynamics, as described by the effective conformal theory mapped to the light-front and its embedding in AdS space, to the perturbative QCD regime. The...
Closed And Open String Theories In Non-critical Backgrounds
Murthy, S
2004-01-01
This thesis is a study of closed and open string theories in low dimensional spacetimes, and the various relations between these theories. In particular, we focus on the theory of the two-dimensional black hole. We first study closed strings in the background of the Euclidean two-dimensional black hole (SL2( R )/U(1)) tensored with flat space, using the duality relating these theories to non-critical superstrings described by the supersymmetric sine-Liouville interaction on the worldsheet. We point out a subtlety in their geometric interpretation, and clarify the symmetry structure of the theories based on the understanding of these theories as near horizon limits of wrapped NS5-branes. In one such example (cigar × R6 ), we use the brave description to understand the enhancement of the global symmetry in the coset theory from U(1) to SO(3) under which the sine-Liouville and cigar interactions are related. In the same example, a worldsheet description of the moduli space R4/Z2 is presented. W...
Baryon Asymmetry, Neutrino Mixing and Supersymmetric SO(10) Unification
Plümacher, Michael
1998-01-01
The baryon asymmetry of the universe can be explained by the out-of-equilibrium decays of heavy right-handed neutrinos. We analyse this mechanism in the framework of a supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model and show that lepton number violating scatterings are indispensable for baryogenesis, even though they may wash-out a generated asymmetry. By assuming a similar pattern of mixings and masses for neutrinos and up-type quarks, as suggested by SO(10) unification, we can generate the observed baryon asymmetry without any fine tuning, if (B-L) is broken at the unification scale preferred by the MSW solution to the solar neutrino deficit.
New Mechanism of Flavor Symmetry Breaking from Supersymmetric Strong Dynamics
Carone, C D; Moroi, T; Carone, Christopher D.; Hall, Lawrence J.; Moroi, Takeo
1997-01-01
We present a class of supersymmetric models in which flavor symmetries are broken dynamically, by a set of composite flavon fields. The strong dynamics that is responsible for confinement in the flavor sector also drives flavor symmetry breaking vacuum expectation values, as a consequence of a quantum-deformed moduli space. Yukawa couplings result as a power series in the ratio of the confinement to Planck scale, and the fermion mass hierarchy depends on the differing number of preons in different flavor symmetry-breaking operators. We present viable non-Abelian and Abelian flavor models that incorporate this mechanism.
Schwinger's oscillator method, supersymmetric quantum mechanics and massless particles
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Mejía F. M.
2002-01-01
Full Text Available We consider Schwinger's method of angular momentum addition using the SU(2 algebra with both a fermionic and a bosonic oscillator. We show that the total spin states obtained are: one boson singlet state and an arbitrary number of spin-1/2 states, the later ones are energy degenerate. It means that we have in this case supersymmetric quantum mechanics and also the addition of angular momentum for massless particles. We review too the cases of two bosonic and two fermionic oscillators.
Early universe cosmology. In supersymmetric extensions of the standard model
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Baumann, Jochen Peter
2012-03-19
In this thesis we investigate possible connections between cosmological inflation and leptogenesis on the one side and particle physics on the other side. We work in supersymmetric extensions of the Standard Model. A key role is played by the right-handed sneutrino, the superpartner of the right-handed neutrino involved in the type I seesaw mechanism. We study a combined model of inflation and non-thermal leptogenesis that is a simple extension of the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM) with conserved R-parity, where we add three right-handed neutrino super fields. The inflaton direction is given by the imaginary components of the corresponding scalar component fields, which are protected from the supergravity (SUGRA) {eta}-problem by a shift symmetry in the Kaehler potential. We discuss the model first in a globally supersymmetric (SUSY) and then in a supergravity context and compute the inflationary predictions of the model. We also study reheating and non-thermal leptogenesis in this model. A numerical simulation shows that shortly after the waterfall phase transition that ends inflation, the universe is dominated by right-handed sneutrinos and their out-of-equilibrium decay can produce the desired matter-antimatter asymmetry. Using a simplified time-averaged description, we derive analytical expressions for the model predictions. Combining the results from inflation and leptogenesis allows us to constrain the allowed parameter space from two different directions, with implications for low energy neutrino physics. As a second thread of investigation, we discuss a generalisation of the inflationary model discussed above to include gauge non-singlet fields as inflatons. This is motivated by the fact that in left-right symmetric, supersymmetric Grand Unified Theories (SUSY GUTs), like SUSY Pati-Salam unification or SUSY SO(10) GUTs, the righthanded (s)neutrino is an indispensable ingredient and does not have to be put in by hand as in the MSSM. We discuss
Supersymmetric extension of the minimal dark matter model
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
CHANG Xue; LIU Chun; MA Feng-Cai; YANG Shuo
2012-01-01
The minimal dark matter model is given a supersymmetric extension.A super SU(2)L quintuplet is introduced with its fermionic neutral component still being the dark matter,and the dark matter mass is about 19.7 TeV.Mass splitting among the quintplet due to supersymmetry particles is found to be negligibly small compared to the electroweak corrections.Other properties of this supersymmetry model are studied,it has the solutions to the PAMELA and Fermi-LAT anomaly,and the predictions in higher energies need further experimental data to verify them.
Recent developments in the N-extended supersymmetric quantum mechanics
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Toppan, Francesco [Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas (CBPF), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Coordenacao de Fisica Teorica]. E-mail: toppan@cbpf.br
2007-07-01
In this paper we review some recent developments in the understanding of the supersymmetric quantum mechanics for large-N values of the extended supersymmetries. A list of the topics here covered includes the new available classification of the finite linear irreducible representations, the construction of manifestly off-shell invariant actions without introducing a superfield formalism, the notion of the 'fusion algebra' of the irreducible representations, the connection (for N = 8) with the octonionic structure constants, etc. The results presented are based on the work of the author and his collaborators. (author)
Supersymmetric Contributions to CP Asymmetry in τ-DECAYS
Delepine, D.; Faisel, G.; Khalil, S.; Shalaby, M.
We review the CP violation in the semileptonic |ΔS| = 1 τ-decays in supersymmetric extensions of the standard model (SM). We show that Within SUSY models with conserved R parity, the CP asymmetry of τ → kπν is below the current experimental limits, although it is enhanced by several order of magnitude than the SM results. We also study the impact of the lepton violation terms in SUSY models with R parity violation. We show that the CP asymmetry of τ-decay is enhanced significantly and the current experimental limits obtained by CLEO collaborations can be easily accommodated.
Required experimental accuracy to select between supersymmetrical models
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
David Grellscheid
2004-03-01
We will present a method to decide a priori whether various supersymmetrical scenarios can be distinguished based on sparticle mass data alone. For each model, a scan over all free SUSY breaking parameters reveals the extent of that model's physically allowed region of sparticle-mass-space. Based on the geometrical configuration of these regions in mass-space, it is possible to obtain an estimate of the required accuracy of future sparticle mass measurements to distinguish between the models. We will illustrate this algorithm with an example. Ths talk is based on work done in collaboration with B C Allanach (LAPTH, Annecy) and F Quevedo (DAMTP, Cambridge).
Event with Supersymmetric Particles of the ATLAS Experiment
ATLAS, Experiment
2014-01-01
This event originated with the production of a pair of supersymmetric particles that decayed yielding: •Six jets of particles, •Two muons with momenta in the transverse direction of 74 and 84 GeV. They are visible in the side view going to the left, but not in the end view (because the exited the detector in the forward direction). They have opposite signs. •Missing energy in the direction transverse to the beam of 283 GeV.
Universality in radiative corrections for non-supersymmetric heterotic vacua
Angelantonj, C; Tsulaia, Mirian
2016-01-01
Properties of moduli-dependent gauge threshold corrections in non-supersymmetric heterotic vacua are reviewed. In the absence of space-time supersymmetry these amplitudes are no longer protected and receive contributions from the whole tower of string states, BPS and not. Never-theless, the difference of gauge thresholds for non-Abelian gauge groups displays a remarkable universality property, even when supersymmetry is absent. We present a simple heterotic construction that shares this universal behaviour and expose the necessary conditions on the super-symmetry breaking mechanism for universality to occur.
Deconstruction and other approaches to supersymmetric lattice field theories
Giedt, J
2006-01-01
This report contains both a review of recent approaches to supersymmetric lattice field theories and some new results on the deconstruction approach. The essential reason for the complex phase problem of the fermion determinant is shown to be derivative interactions that are not present in the continuum. These irrelevant operators violate the self-conjugacy of the fermion action that is present in the continuum. It is explained why this complex phase problem does not disappear in the continuum limit. The fermion determinant suppression of various branches of the classical moduli space is explored, and found to be supportive of previous claims regarding the continuum limit.
Solution of Second Order Supersymmetrical Intertwining Relations in Minkowski Plane
Ioffe, M V; Nishnianidze, D N
2016-01-01
Supersymmetrical (SUSY) intertwining relations are generalized to the case of quantum Hamiltonians in Minkowski space. For intertwining operators (supercharges) of second order in derivatives the intertwined Hamiltonians correspond to completely integrable systems with the symmetry operators of fourth order in momenta. In terms of components, the itertwining relations correspond to the system of nonlinear differential equations which are solvable with the simplest - constant - ansatzes for the "metric" matrix in second order part of the supercharges. The corresponding potentials are built explicitly both for diagonalizable and nondiagonalizable form of "metric" matrices, and their properties are discussed.
Solution of second order supersymmetrical intertwining relations in Minkowski plane
Ioffe, M. V.; Kolevatova, E. V.; Nishnianidze, D. N.
2016-08-01
Supersymmetrical (SUSY) intertwining relations are generalized to the case of quantum Hamiltonians in Minkowski space. For intertwining operators (supercharges) of second order in derivatives, the intertwined Hamiltonians correspond to completely integrable systems with the symmetry operators of fourth order in momenta. In terms of components, the intertwining relations correspond to the system of nonlinear differential equations which are solvable with the simplest—constant—ansatzes for the "metric" matrix in second order part of the supercharges. The corresponding potentials are built explicitly both for diagonalizable and nondiagonalizable form of "metric" matrices, and their properties are discussed.
Maximally supersymmetric Yang-Mills on the lattice
Schaich, David
2015-01-01
We summarize recent progress in lattice studies of four-dimensional N=4 supersymmetric Yang--Mills theory and present preliminary results from ongoing investigations. Our work is based on a construction that exactly preserves a single supersymmetry at non-zero lattice spacing, and we review a new procedure to regulate flat directions by modifying the moduli equations in a manner compatible with this supersymmetry. This procedure defines an improved lattice action that we have begun to use in numerical calculations. We discuss some highlights of these investigations, including the static potential and an update on the question of a possible sign problem in the lattice theory.
Phenomenology of non-minimal supersymmetric models at linear colliders
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Porto, Stefano
2015-06-15
The focus of this thesis is on the phenomenology of several non-minimal supersymmetric models in the context of future linear colliders (LCs). Extensions of the minimal supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM) may accommodate the observed Higgs boson mass at about 125 GeV in a more natural way than the MSSM, with a richer phenomenology. We consider both F-term extensions of the MSSM, as for instance the non-minimal supersymmetric Standard Model (NMSSM), as well as D-terms extensions arising at low energies from gauge extended supersymmetric models. The NMSSM offers a solution to the μ-problem with an additional gauge singlet supermultiplet. The enlarged neutralino sector of the NMSSM can be accurately studied at a LC and used to distinguish the model from the MSSM. We show that exploiting the power of the polarised beams of a LC can be used to reconstruct the neutralino and chargino sector and eventually distinguish the NMSSM even considering challenging scenarios that resemble the MSSM. Non-decoupling D-terms extensions of the MSSM can raise the tree-level Higgs mass with respect to the MSSM. This is done through additional contributions to the Higgs quartic potential, effectively generated by an extended gauge group. We study how this can happen and we show how these additional non-decoupling D-terms affect the SM-like Higgs boson couplings to fermions and gauge bosons. We estimate how the deviations from the SM couplings can be spotted at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) and at the International Linear Collider (ILC), showing how the ILC would be suitable for the model identication. Since our results prove that a linear collider is a fundamental machine for studying supersymmetry phenomenology at a high level of precision, we argue that also a thorough comprehension of the physics at the interaction point (IP) of a LC is needed. Therefore, we finally consider the possibility of observing intense electromagnetic field effects and nonlinear quantum electrodynamics
The Quantum Hall Effect in Supersymmetric Chern-Simons Theories
Tong, David
2015-01-01
In d=2+1 dimensions, there exist gauge theories which are supersymmetric but non-relativistic. We solve the simplest U(1) gauge theory in this class and show that the low-energy physics is that of the fractional quantum Hall effect, with ground states given by the Laughlin wavefunctions. We do this by quantising the vortices and relating them to the quantum Hall matrix model. We further construct coherent state representations of the excitations of vortices. These are quasi-holes. By an explicit computation of the Berry phase, without resorting to a plasma analogy, we show that these excitations have fractional charge and spin.
Lectures on Supersymmetric Yang-Mills Theory and Integrable Systems
D'Hoker, Eric; Phong, D. H.
Introduction Supersymmetry and the Standard Model Supersymmetry and Unification of Forces Supersymmetric Yang-Mills Dynamics Supersymmetric Yang-Mills in 4 Dimensions Supersymmetry Algebra Massless Particle Representations Massive Particle Representations Field Contents of Supersymmetric Field Theories N = 1 Supersymmetric Lagrangians N = 1 Superfield Methods Irreducible Superfields of N = 1 General N = 1 Susy Lagrangians via Superfields Renormalizable N = 2,4 Susy Lagrangians N = 2 Superfield Methods: Unconstrained Superspace N = 2 Superfield Methods: Harmonic/Analytic Superspaces Seiberg-Witten Theory Wilson Effective Couplings and Actions Holomorphicity and Nonrenormalization Low Energy Dynamics of N = 2 Super-Yang-Mills Particle and Field Contents Form of the N = 2 Low Energy Effective Lagrangian Physical Properties of the Prepotential Electric-Magnetic Duality Monodromy via Elliptic Curves for SU(2) Gauge Group Physical Interpretation of Singularities Hypergeometric Function Representation More General Gauge Groups, Hypermultiplets Model of Riemann Surfaces Identifying Seiberg-Witten and Riemann Surface Data SU(N) Gauge Algebras, Fundamental Hypermultiplets Classical Gauge Algebras, Fundamental Hypermultiplets Mechanical Integrable Systems Lax Pairs with Spectral Parameter-Spectral Curves The Toda Systems The Calogero-Moser Systems for SU(N) Relation between Calogero-Moser and Toda for SU(N) Relations with KdV and KP Systems Calogero-Moser Systems for General Lie Algebras Scaling of Calogero-Moser to Toda for General Lie Algebras Calogero-Moser Lax Pairs for General Lie Algebras Lax Pairs with Spectral Parameter for Classical Lie Algebras The General Ansatz Lax Pairs for Untwisted Calogero-Moser Systems Lax Pairs for Twisted Calogero-Moser Systems Scaling Limits of Lax Pairs Super-Yang-Mills and Calogero-Moser Systems Correspondence of Seiberg-Witten and Integrable Systems Calogero-Moser and Seiberg-Witten Theory for SU(N) Four Fundamental Theorems Partial
Aspects of lattice N=4 supersymmetric Yang--Mills
Schaich, David
2015-01-01
Non-perturbative investigations of $\\mathcal N = 4$ supersymmetric Yang--Mills theory formulated on a space-time lattice have advanced rapidly in recent years. Large-scale numerical calculations are currently being carried out based on a construction that exactly preserves a single supersymmetry at non-zero lattice spacing. A recent development is the creation of an improved lattice action through a new procedure to regulate flat directions in a manner compatible with this supersymmetry, by modifying the moduli equations. In this proceedings I briefly summarize this new procedure and discuss the parameter space of the resulting improved action that is now being employed in numerical calculations.
Latest results from lattice N=4 supersymmetric Yang--Mills
Schaich, David; Damgaard, Poul H; Giedt, Joel
2016-01-01
We present some of the latest results from our numerical investigations of N=4 supersymmetric Yang--Mills theory formulated on a space-time lattice. Based on a construction that exactly preserves a single supersymmetry at non-zero lattice spacing, we recently developed an improved lattice action that is now being employed in large-scale calculations. Here we update our studies of the static potential using this new action, also applying tree-level lattice perturbation theory to improve the analysis of the potential itself. Considering relatively weak couplings, we obtain results for the Coulomb coefficient that are consistent with continuum perturbation theory.
Supersymmetric Gauge Theories with Matters, Toric Geometries and Random Partitions
Noma, Y
2006-01-01
We derive the relation between the Hilbert space of certain geometries under the Bohr-Sommerfeld quantization and the perturbative prepotentials for the supersymmetric five-dimensional SU(N) gauge theories with massive fundamental matters and with one massive adjoint matter. The gauge theory with one adjoint matter shows interesting features. A five-dimensional generalization of Nekrasov's partition function can be written as a correlation function of two-dimensional chiral bosons and as a partition function of a statistical model of partitions. From a ground state of the statistical model we reproduce the polyhedron which characterizes the Hilbert space.
Loop formulation of supersymmetric Yang-Mills quantum mechanics
Steinhauer, Kyle
2014-01-01
We derive the fermion loop formulation of N=4 supersymmetric SU(N) Yang-Mills quantum mechanics on the lattice. The loop formulation naturally separates the contributions to the partition function into its bosonic and fermionic parts with fixed fermion number and provides a way to control potential fermion sign problems arising in numerical simulations of the theory. Furthermore, we present a reduced fermion matrix determinant which allows the projection into the canonical sectors of the theory and hence constitutes an alternative approach to simulate the theory on the lattice.
Supersymmetric unification in the light of neutrino mass
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Charanjit S Aulakh
2000-04-01
We argue that with the discovery of neutrino mass effects at super-Kamiokande there is a clear logical chain leading from the standard model through the MSSM and the recently developed minimal left right supersymmetric models with a renormalizable see-saw mechanism for neutrino mass to left right symmetric SUSY GUTS: in particular, SO(10) and SU(2) × SU(2) × SU(4). The progress in constructing such GUTS explicitly is reviewed and their testability/falsiﬁability by proton decay measurements emphasized
Search for dark photons from supersymmetric hidden valleys.
Abazov, V M; Abbott, B; Abolins, M; Acharya, B S; Adams, M; Adams, T; Aguilo, E; Ahsan, M; Alexeev, G D; Alkhazov, G; Alton, A; Alverson, G; Alves, G A; Ancu, L S; Andeen, T; Anzelc, M S; Aoki, M; Arnoud, Y; Arov, M; Arthaud, M; Askew, A; Asman, B; Atramentov, O; Avila, C; BackusMayes, J; Badaud, F; Bagby, L; Baldin, B; Bandurin, D V; Banerjee, S; Barberis, E; Barfuss, A-F; Bargassa, P; Baringer, P; Barreto, J; Bartlett, J F; Bassler, U; Bauer, D; Beale, S; Bean, A; Begalli, M; Begel, M; Belanger-Champagne, C; Bellantoni, L; Bellavance, A; Benitez, J A; Beri, S B; Bernardi, G; Bernhard, R; Bertram, I; Besançon, M; Beuselinck, R; Bezzubov, V A; Bhat, P C; Bhatnagar, V; Blazey, G; Blessing, S; Bloom, K; Boehnlein, A; Boline, D; Bolton, T A; Boos, E E; Borissov, G; Bose, T; Brandt, A; Brock, R; Brooijmans, G; Bross, A; Brown, D; Bu, X B; Buchholz, D; Buehler, M; Buescher, V; Bunichev, V; Burdin, S; Burnett, T H; Buszello, C P; Calfayan, P; Calpas, B; Calvet, S; Cammin, J; Carrasco-Lizarraga, M A; Carrera, E; Carvalho, W; Casey, B C K; Castilla-Valdez, H; Chakrabarti, S; Chakraborty, D; Chan, K M; Chandra, A; Cheu, E; Cho, D K; Choi, S; Choudhary, B; Christoudias, T; Cihangir, S; Claes, D; Clutter, J; Cooke, M; Cooper, W E; Corcoran, M; Couderc, F; Cousinou, M-C; Crépé-Renaudin, S; Cuplov, V; Cutts, D; Cwiok, M; Das, A; Davies, G; De, K; de Jong, S J; De La Cruz-Burelo, E; DeVaughan, K; Déliot, F; Demarteau, M; Demina, R; Denisov, D; Denisov, S P; Desai, S; Diehl, H T; Diesburg, M; Dominguez, A; Dorland, T; Dubey, A; Dudko, L V; Duflot, L; Duggan, D; Duperrin, A; Dutt, S; Dyshkant, A; Eads, M; Edmunds, D; Ellison, J; Elvira, V D; Enari, Y; Eno, S; Ermolov, P; Escalier, M; Evans, H; Evdokimov, A; Evdokimov, V N; Facini, G; Ferapontov, A V; Ferbel, T; Fiedler, F; Filthaut, F; Fisher, W; Fisk, H E; Fortner, M; Fox, H; Fu, S; Fuess, S; Gadfort, T; Galea, C F; Garcia-Bellido, A; Gavrilov, V; Gay, P; Geist, W; Geng, W; Gerber, C E; Gershtein, Y; Gillberg, D; Ginther, G; Gómez, B; Goussiou, A; Grannis, P D; Greder, S; Greenlee, H; Greenwood, Z D; Gregores, E M; Grenier, G; Gris, Ph; Grivaz, J-F; Grohsjean, A; Grünendahl, S; Grünewald, M W; Guo, F; Guo, J; Gutierrez, G; Gutierrez, P; Haas, A; Hadley, N J; Haefner, P; Hagopian, S; Haley, J; Hall, I; Hall, R E; Han, L; Harder, K; Harel, A; Hauptman, J M; Hays, J; Hebbeker, T; Hedin, D; Hegeman, J G; Heinson, A P; Heintz, U; Hensel, C; Heredia-De La Cruz, I; Herner, K; Hesketh, G; Hildreth, M D; Hirosky, R; Hoang, T; Hobbs, J D; Hoeneisen, B; Hohlfeld, M; Hossain, S; Houben, P; Hu, Y; Hubacek, Z; Huske, N; Hynek, V; Iashvili, I; Illingworth, R; Ito, A S; Jabeen, S; Jaffré, M; Jain, S; Jakobs, K; Jamin, D; Jarvis, C; Jesik, R; Johns, K; Johnson, C; Johnson, M; Johnston, D; Jonckheere, A; Jonsson, P; Juste, A; Kajfasz, E; Karmanov, D; Kasper, P A; Katsanos, I; Kaushik, V; Kehoe, R; Kermiche, S; Khalatyan, N; Khanov, A; Kharchilava, A; Kharzheev, Y N; Khatidze, D; Kim, T J; Kirby, M H; Kirsch, M; Klima, B; Kohli, J M; Konrath, J-P; Kozelov, A V; Kraus, J; Kuhl, T; Kumar, A; Kupco, A; Kurca, T; Kuzmin, V A; Kvita, J; Lacroix, F; Lam, D; Lammers, S; Landsberg, G; Lebrun, P; Lee, W M; Leflat, A; Lellouch, J; Li, J; Li, L; Li, Q Z; Lietti, S M; Lim, J K; Lincoln, D; Linnemann, J; Lipaev, V V; Lipton, R; Liu, Y; Liu, Z; Lobodenko, A; Lokajicek, M; Love, P; Lubatti, H J; Luna-Garcia, R; Lyon, A L; Maciel, A K A; Mackin, D; Mättig, P; Magerkurth, A; Mal, P K; Malbouisson, H B; Malik, S; Malyshev, V L; Maravin, Y; Martin, B; McCarthy, R; McGivern, C L; Meijer, M M; Melnitchouk, A; Mendoza, L; Menezes, D; Mercadante, P G; Merkin, M; Merritt, K W; Meyer, A; Meyer, J; Mitrevski, J; Mommsen, R K; Mondal, N K; Moore, R W; Moulik, T; Muanza, G S; Mulhearn, M; Mundal, O; Mundim, L; Nagy, E; Naimuddin, M; Narain, M; Neal, H A; Negret, J P; Neustroev, P; Nilsen, H; Nogima, H; Novaes, S F; Nunnemann, T; Obrant, G; Ochando, C; Onoprienko, D; Orduna, J; Oshima, N; Osman, N; Osta, J; Otec, R; Otero y Garzón, G J; Owen, M; Padilla, M; Padley, P; Pangilinan, M; Parashar, N; Park, S-J; Park, S K; Parsons, J; Partridge, R; Parua, N; Patwa, A; Pawloski, G; Penning, B; Perfilov, M; Peters, K; Peters, Y; Pétroff, P; Piegaia, R; Piper, J; Pleier, M-A; Podesta-Lerma, P L M; Podstavkov, V M; Pogorelov, Y; Pol, M-E; Polozov, P; Popov, A V; Potter, C; Prado da Silva, W L; Protopopescu, S; Qian, J; Quadt, A; Quinn, B; Rakitine, A; Rangel, M S; Ranjan, K; Ratoff, P N; Renkel, P; Rich, P; Rijssenbeek, M; Ripp-Baudot, I; Rizatdinova, F; Robinson, S; Rodrigues, R F; Rominsky, M; Royon, C; Rubinov, P; Ruchti, R; Safronov, G; Sajot, G; Sánchez-Hernández, A; Sanders, M P; Sanghi, B; Savage, G; Sawyer, L; Scanlon, T; Schaile, D; Schamberger, R D; Scheglov, Y; Schellman, H; Schliephake, T; Schlobohm, S; Schwanenberger, C; Schwienhorst, R; Sekaric, J; Severini, H; Shabalina, E; Shamim, M; Shary, V; Shchukin, A A; Shivpuri, R K; Siccardi, V; Simak, V; Sirotenko, V; Skubic, P; Slattery, P; Smirnov, D; Snow, G R; Snow, J; Snyder, S; Söldner-Rembold, S; 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Zelitch, S; Zhao, T; Zhou, B; Zhu, J; Zielinski, M; Zieminska, D; Zivkovic, L; Zutshi, V; Zverev, E G
2009-08-21
We search for a new light gauge boson, a dark photon, with the D0 experiment. In the model we consider, supersymmetric partners are pair produced and cascade to the lightest neutralinos that can decay into the hidden sector state plus either a photon or a dark photon. The dark photon decays through its mixing with a photon into fermion pairs. We therefore investigate a previously unexplored final state that contains a photon, two spatially close leptons, and large missing transverse energy. We do not observe any evidence for dark photons and set a limit on their production.
Supersymmetric predictions for the inclusive b --> s$\\gamma$ decay
Bertolini, S; Stefano Bertolini; Francesco Vissani
1994-01-01
We study the penguin induced transition b\\to s\\ \\gamma in the minimal N=1 supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model with radiative breaking of the electroweak group. We include the effects of one-loop corrections to the Higgs potential and scalar masses. We show that the present upper and lower experimental limits on the inclusive decay sharply constrain the parameter space of the model in a wide range of \\tan\\beta values. The implications of the recently advocated relation |B|\\ge 2 for the bilinear SUSY soft breaking parameter in grand unified theories are also analyzed.
Elias, V; Miransky, V A; Shovkovy, I A
1996-01-01
The infrared dynamics in the (3+1)--dimensional supersymmetric and non--supersymmetric Nambu--Jona--Lasinio model in a constant magnetic field is studied. It is shown that while at strong coupling the dynamics in these two models is essentially different, the models become equivalent at weak coupling. In particular, at weak coupling, as the strength of the magnetic field goes to infinity, both the supersymmetric and non--supersymmetric Nambu--Jona--Lasinio models with N_c colors become equivalent to the (1+1)--dimensional Gross-Neveu model with the number of colors \\tilde{N}_c=N_c|eB|S/2\\pi, where S is the area in the plane perpendicular to the magnetic field {\\bf B}. The relevance of these results for cosmological models based on superymmetric dynamics is pointed out.