WorldWideScience

Sample records for submitted research proposals

  1. Ethical considerations in malaria research proposal review: empirical evidence from 114 proposals submitted to an Ethics Committee in Thailand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adams, Pornpimon; Prakobtham, Sukanya; Limphattharacharoen, Chanthima; Vutikes, Pitchapa; Khusmith, Srisin; Pengsaa, Krisana; Wilairatana, Polrat; Kaewkungwal, Jaranit

    2015-09-14

    Malaria research is typically conducted in developing countries in areas of endemic disease. This raises specific ethical issues, including those related to local cultural concepts of health and disease, the educational background of study subjects, and principles of justice at the community and country level. Research Ethics Committees (RECs) are responsible for regulating the ethical conduct of research, but questions have been raised whether RECs facilitate or impede research, and about the quality of REC review itself. This study examines the review process for malaria research proposals submitted to the Ethics Committee of the Faculty of Tropical Medicine at Mahidol University, Thailand. Proposals for all studies submitted for review from January 2010 to December 2014 were included. Individual REC members' reviewing forms were evaluated. Ethical issues (e.g., scientific merit, risk-benefit, sample size, or informed-consent) raised in the forms were counted and analysed according to characteristics, including study classification/design, use of specimens, study site, and study population. All 114 proposals submitted during the study period were analysed, comprising biomedical studies (17 %), drug trials (13 %), laboratory studies (24 %) and epidemiological studies (46 %). They included multi-site (13 %) and international studies (4 %), and those involving minority populations (28 %), children (17 %) and pregnant women (7 %). Drug trials had the highest proportion of questions raised for most ethical issues, while issues concerning privacy and confidentiality tended to be highest for laboratory and epidemiology studies. Clarifications on ethical issues were requested by the ethics committee more for proposals involving new specimen collection. Studies involving stored data and specimens tended to attract more issues around privacy and confidentiality. Proposals involving minority populations were more likely to raise issues than those that did not

  2. Ethical issues of informed consent in malaria research proposals submitted to a research ethics committee in Thailand: a retrospective document review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adams, Pornpimon; Prakobtham, Sukanya; Limpattaracharoen, Chanthima; Suebtrakul, Sumeth; Vutikes, Pitchapa; Khusmith, Srisin; Wilairatana, Polrat; Adams, Paul; Kaewkungwal, Jaranit

    2017-08-14

    The informed-consent process should be one of meaningful information exchange between researchers and study participants. One of the responsibilities of research ethics committees is to oversee appropriate informed consent. The committee must consider various matters before deciding whether the process is appropriate, including the adequacy and completeness of the written information provided to study participants, and the process of obtaining informed consent. This study aimed to identify, quantitatively and qualitatively, consent-related issues in different types of malaria proposals submitted to the Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Ethics Committee. This study reviewed proposal documentation submitted to two panels of the Ethics Committee of the Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University, from 2011 to 2015. The documentation included proposals, notifications to researchers of review outcomes and ethical issues of concern to committee members. Each element of the informed-consent process was identified and analyzed by study classification, design, and specimen use, including whether the study involved a vulnerable population. Summative content analysis was used to analyze patterns of common issues raised in reviews. Of the 112 proposals reviewed, 63 required an informed consent process. All researchers proposed communicating with their study participants; however, about two-thirds needed to improve their explanations of study procedures (study activities and specimen/data-collection process) to participants. About 40% of the proposals attracted comments on informed-consent process elements--risk and discomfort, vulnerable status, and compensation. Studies that planned to collect or use new/linked specimens raised more issues around informed consent than studies using linked data/records. Studies that involved vulnerable populations raised more issues than those that did not. The committee usually asked researchers to clarify, elaborate, revise, or paraphrase

  3. How to Submit a Proposal to ONR

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-01

    Click to edit Master title style How   to  Submit  a  Proposal  to  ONR   Navy  Gold  Coast  Small  Business  Procurement...control number. 1. REPORT DATE AUG 2012 2. REPORT TYPE 3. DATES COVERED 00-00-2012 to 00-00-2012 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE How to Submit a Proposal to

  4. The qualitative research proposal

    OpenAIRE

    Klopper, Hester

    2008-01-01

    Qualitative research in the health sciences has had to overcome many prejudices and a number of misunderstandings, but today qualitative research is as acceptable as quantitative research designs and is widely funded and published. Writing the proposal of a qualitative study, however, can be a challenging feat, due to the emergent nature of the qualitative research design and the description of the methodology as a process. Even today, many sub-standard proposals at post-graduate evaluation c...

  5. Refuges and wildlife research needs and proposal review process

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This memorandum contains eight research proposals the Red Rock Lakes National Wildlife Refuge submitted to the Region's research needs and proposal review process....

  6. 28 CFR 512.12 - Content of research proposal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Content of research proposal. 512.12... ADMINISTRATION RESEARCH Research § 512.12 Content of research proposal. When submitting a research proposal, the... operations; and (9) Relevant research materials such as vitae, endorsements, sample informed consent...

  7. Writing a Research Proposal to The Research Council of Oman.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Shukaili, Ahmed; Al-Maniri, Abdullah

    2017-05-01

    Writing a research proposal can be a challenging task for young researchers. This article explains how to write a strong research proposal to apply for funding, specifically, a proposal for The Research Council (TRC) of Oman. Three different research proposal application forms are currently used in TRC, including Open Research Grant (ORG), Graduate Research Support Program (GRSP), and Faculty-mentored Undergraduate Research Award Program (FURAP). The application forms are filled and submitted electronically on TRC website. Each of the proposals submitted to TRC is selected through a rigorous reviewing and screening process. Novelty and originality of the research idea is the most crucial element in writing a research proposal. Performing an in-depth review of the literature will assist you to compose a good researchable question and generate a strong hypothesis. The development of a good hypothesis will offer insight into the specific objectives of a study. Research objectives should be focused, measurable, and achievable by a specific time using the most appropriate methodology. Moreover, it is essential to select a proper study design in-line with the purpose of the study and the hypothesis. Furthermore, social/economic impact and reasonable budget of proposed research are important criteria in research proposal evaluation by TRC. Finally, ethical principles should be observed before writing a research proposal involving human or animal subjects.

  8. Teaching undergraduates how to write and submit a research manuscript.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Linda S

    2004-01-01

    Undergraduate nursing students have long been excluded from performing original theory-based nursing research due to severe time and work constraints. However, without actual research opportunities, students also lack research-writing experiences. This author describes successful strategies for teaching an undergraduate class how to write and submit a manuscript that describes an original research project.

  9. Research Proposal for the Design and Engineering Phase of a Solar Heating and Cooling System Experiment at the Warner Robins Public Library, Warner Robins, Georgia. Submitted to the United States Energy Research and Development Administration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phillips, Warren H.; And Others

    A number of reasons are advanced to include a solar heating and cooling experiment in a library building. The unique aspects of the experiment are to be a seasonally adjustable collector tilt and testing of a new generation of absorption air conditioners. After a brief description of the proposed experiment, the proposal contains forms filed by…

  10. IN HUMAN RESEARCH PROPOSALS

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    These researchers tested the effect of. Hallucinogenic ... stories illustrating human cruelty as well as strong advocacy for the ... Experiments must be strictly beneficial to individuals,their communities, or the society in general. Same experiments previously conducted on animals and the natural history of the disease must be ...

  11. 77 FR 66467 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-05

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public... technology. Written comments should be received within 60 days of this notice. Proposed Project National... exchange, data content and format, data quality assurance, data use, collaborative relationships, advanced...

  12. 78 FR 23766 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Extension of Public Comment Period

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-22

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Extension of Public Comment Period Proposed Project Assessment and Monitoring of Breastfeeding-Related...

  13. 76 FR 18554 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-04

    ...-New-National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention (NCHHSTP), Centers for... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public... for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) will publish periodic summaries of proposed projects. To...

  14. 77 FR 40888 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-11

    ...)--Reinstatement with change--National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention (NCHHSTP... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public... for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) will publish periodic summaries of proposed projects. To...

  15. 77 FR 65893 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-31

    ..., smallpox, typhus, or yellow fever or having been exposed to any such disease is in the incubation period... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public... for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) will publish periodic summaries of proposed projects. To...

  16. 77 FR 24210 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-23

    ... necessary control measures with respect to conveyances (e.g., airplanes, cruise ships, trucks, etc... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public... for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) will publish periodic summaries of proposed projects. To...

  17. The Texas Experimental Tokamak: A plasma research facility. A proposal submitted to the Department of Energy in response to Program Notice 95-10: Innovations in toroidal magnetic confinement systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-06-12

    The Fusion Research Center (FRC) at the University Texas will operate the tokamak TEXT-U and its associated systems for experimental research in basic plasma physics. While the tokamak is not innovative, the research program, diagnostics and planned experiments are. The fusion community will reap the benefits of the success in completing the upgrades (auxiliary heating, divertor, diagnostics, wall conditioning), developing diverted discharges in both double and single null configurations, exploring improved confinement regimes including a limiter H-mode, and developing unique, critical turbulence diagnostics. With these new regimes, the authors are poised to perform the sort of turbulence and transport studies for which the TEXT group has distinguished itself and for which the upgrade was intended. TEXT-U is also a facility for collaborators to perform innovative experiments and develop diagnostics before transferring them to larger machines. The general philosophy is that the understanding of plasma physics must be part of any intelligent fusion program, and that basic experimental research is the most important part of any such program. The emphasis of the proposed research is to provide well-documented plasmas which will be used to suggest and evaluate theories, to explore control techniques, to develop advanced diagnostics and analysis techniques, and to extend current drive techniques. Up to 1 MW of electron cyclotron heating (ECH) will be used not only for heating but as a localized, perturbative tool. Areas of proposed research are: (1) core turbulence and transport; (2) edge turbulence and transport; (3) turbulence analysis; (4) improved confinement; (5) ECH physics; (6) Alfven wave current drive; and (7) diagnostic development.

  18. Antiviral drug research proposal activity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Injaian, Lisa; Smith, Ann C; Shipley, Jennifer German; Marbach-Ad, Gili; Fredericksen, Brenda

    2011-01-01

    The development of antiviral drugs provides an excellent example of how basic and clinical research must be used together in order to achieve the final goal of treating disease. A Research Oriented Learning Activity was designed to help students to better understand how basic and clinical research can be combined toward a common goal. Through this project students gained a better understanding of the process of scientific research and increased their information literacy in the field of virology. The students worked as teams to research the many aspects involved in the antiviral drug design process, with each student becoming an "expert" in one aspect of the project. The Antiviral Drug Research Proposal (ADRP) culminated with students presenting their proposals to their peers and local virologists in a poster session. Assessment data showed increased student awareness and knowledge of the research process and the steps involved in the development of antiviral drugs as a result of this activity.

  19. Antiviral Drug Research Proposal Activity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lisa Injaian

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available The development of antiviral drugs provides an excellent example of how basic and clinical research must be used together in order to achieve the final goal of treating disease. A Research Oriented Learning Activity was designed to help students to better understand how basic and clinical research can be combined toward a common goal. Through this project students gained a better understanding of the process of scientific research and increased their information literacy in the field of virology. The students worked as teams to research the many aspects involved in the antiviral drug design process, with each student becoming an "expert" in one aspect of the project. The Antiviral Drug Research Proposal (ADRP culminated with students presenting their proposals to their peers and local virologists in a poster session. Assessment data showed increased student awareness and knowledge of the research process and the steps involved in the development of antiviral drugs as a result of this activity.

  20. 78 FR 43886 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-22

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public... the leading causes of death and disability in the United States, accounting for seven of every ten..., resources, partnerships, strategies, and progress toward meeting objectives. Awardees will use the...

  1. 78 FR 70300 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-25

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public... disease. Domains 3 and 4 include interventions that strengthen systems and resources for early detection... information will be collected and tracked to assure proper disbursement of, and accounting for, funds awarded...

  2. 78 FR 43885 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-22

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public... the leading causes of death and disability in the United States, accounting for seven of every ten..., resources, partnerships, strategies, and progress toward meeting objectives. Awardees will use the...

  3. 76 FR 76165 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-06

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public... States, accounting for seven of every ten deaths and affecting the quality of life of 90 million... plan, objectives, activities, partnerships, resources, and progress. CDC plans to collect the required...

  4. 76 FR 34995 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-15

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public... techniques or other forms of information technology. Written comments should be received within 60 days of... Intervention. The overall goal of this study component is to describe relationships among mode of cessation...

  5. 77 FR 42314 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-18

    ... culture at that mine. Data collection for this project had previously taken place between the dates of... previous data collection, some trends are beginning to emerge. These include safety culture characteristic... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public...

  6. 75 FR 20849 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-21

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public... indicated. Other variables for segmentation may include, but not be limited to, geography, language, and...

  7. 78 FR 33094 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-03

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public... geography, population size, or urbanicity. Fourth, this information can help guide communities in their...

  8. 77 FR 11544 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-27

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public.... Multi-component approaches may include a combination of clinic services, sexuality education programs...

  9. 75 FR 48346 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-10

    ... diseases, cholera and other vibrio illnesses, Listeria, babesiosis, brucellosis, Harmful Algal Bloom... Possible Human Rabies Patient Info 50 1 15/60 13 Waterborne Diseases Outbreak Form 57 1 20/60 19 Cholera... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public...

  10. 78 FR 70302 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-25

    ...) plans to continue to assess its customers' satisfaction with the content, quality and relevance of the... usefulness, general satisfaction with available services and products, and suggestions for improvement of... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public...

  11. 76 FR 51981 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-19

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public... because of a false sense of improvement in the occupational injury rates. It also increases the misdirection of scarce safety and health resources because hazardous workplaces are not appropriately...

  12. 77 FR 11125 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-24

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public...-known childhood conditions, such as Down syndrome, fetal alcohol syndrome, and neural tube defects, and... materials and prevention messaging about congenital CMV. The information collection activities will consist...

  13. 76 FR 28788 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-18

    ... self-reported back and upper extremity pain among 960 employees performing delivery operations in 72... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public... a high level of acceptability to target employees and initial high effectiveness in reducing MSD...

  14. Call for Outline Research Proposals

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    IDRC CRDI

    2013-07-25

    Jul 25, 2013 ... The program will support a variety of research methodologies and approaches, with an emphasis .... Proposals from all social-science disciplines that can contribute to the theme are encouraged. Multi- .... IDRC has concluded general agreements for scientific and technical cooperation with a number of.

  15. 40 CFR 26.1601 - EPA review of proposed human research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false EPA review of proposed human research... OF HUMAN SUBJECTS Review of Proposed and Completed Human Research § 26.1601 EPA review of proposed human research. (a) EPA shall review all protocols submitted under § 26.1125 in a timely manner. With...

  16. 78 FR 44567 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-24

    ... the farming community. High rates of traumatic injury are associated with the use of older tractors... developed through review of relevant research studies. CDC proposes to collect customized information, from...

  17. Alternative Research Center, A Proposal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palmer, Roger C.

    A brief review of the recent years of civil dissent and conflict in the U.S. and the underground press movement is presented as an introduction to this proposal that the university library of the State University of New York at Buffalo establish a system to acquire and house alternative materials. The author, assistant reference librarian,…

  18. 75 FR 27789 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Application for the Pharmacology Research Associate Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-18

    ... projects to be submitted to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for review and approval. Proposed... program is to develop leaders in pharmacological research for key positions in academic, industrial, and...

  19. 76 FR 14018 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-15

    ..., with contract support from Battelle Centers for Public Health Research and Evaluation, is conducting... this notice. Proposed Collection Communication Research on Folic Acid to Support the Division of Birth.... NCBDDD currently has several folic acid educational brochures, tip sheets, and booklets available in both...

  20. 75 FR 4567 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-28

    ... this notice. Proposed Project Minority HIV/AIDS Research Initiative (MARI) Project--Preventing HIV Risk... explore family function, sexual behaviors, etc. These assessment questionnaires will be computer-based... interventions that are culturally appropriate to the Hispanic population in Miami- Dade ] County. Family...

  1. 75 FR 36120 - Proposed Information Collection Request Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations; Program...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-24

    ... abandoned or deactivated coal mines, notification by the operator; requirements). Once submitted and... Coal Mines) ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Department of Labor, as part of its continuing effort to... underground or in places where there is a fire or explosion hazard. Under the Mine Act and Sec. 75.1702, coal...

  2. 75 FR 53310 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-31

    ...., community-associated C. difficile cases) sites will administer a health interview. Remnant stool specimens from cases testing positive for C. difficile toxin will be submitted to reference laboratories for... 15 minutes. An estimated total of 500 CDI Surveillance Health Interviews (HI) will need to be...

  3. Analysis of final year DVM research projects submitted to the Faculty ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This study analyzed the intellectual output of the undergraduate final year students. research projects submitted to the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, from 1994 to 2004. The findings of the study show that a total of 194 research projects were produced within the period under study.

  4. Antiviral Drug Research Proposal Activity †

    Science.gov (United States)

    Injaian, Lisa; Smith, Ann C.; Shipley, Jennifer German; Marbach-Ad, Gili; Fredericksen, Brenda

    2011-01-01

    The development of antiviral drugs provides an excellent example of how basic and clinical research must be used together in order to achieve the final goal of treating disease. A Research Oriented Learning Activity was designed to help students to better understand how basic and clinical research can be combined toward a common goal. Through this project students gained a better understanding of the process of scientific research and increased their information literacy in the field of virology. The students worked as teams to research the many aspects involved in the antiviral drug design process, with each student becoming an “expert” in one aspect of the project. The Antiviral Drug Research Proposal (ADRP) culminated with students presenting their proposals to their peers and local virologists in a poster session. Assessment data showed increased student awareness and knowledge of the research process and the steps involved in the development of antiviral drugs as a result of this activity. PMID:23653735

  5. Call for Implementation Research Proposals: Health Information ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Chaitali Sinha

    2017-04-10

    Apr 10, 2017 ... Introduction. Canada's International Development Research Centre (IDRC) is pleased to announce a call for implementation research proposals to contribute to national and regional efforts to improve health systems responsiveness in West Africa (WA). Two separate but complementary thematic areas of ...

  6. Getting started with qualitative research: developing a research proposal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vivar, Cristina G; McQueen, Anne; Whyte, Dorothy A; Armayor, Navidad Canga

    2007-01-01

    The aim of this article is to illustrate in detail important issues that research beginners may have to deal with during the design of a qualitative research proposal in nursing and health care. Cristina Vivar has developed a 17-step process to describe the development of a qualitative research project. This process can serve as an easy way to start research and to ensure a comprehensive and thorough proposal.

  7. Managing research - how to write your research proposal

    OpenAIRE

    Joyce, Maria

    2004-01-01

    The writing of a research proposal is generally understood to be a part of the process for registering for a higher degree or PhD with an educational establishment. There are other reasons why a proposal may be written for example, such as an academic exercise, as an application for funding or simply, as an educational exercise. The purpose of writing the proposal must drive the way in which the proposal is set out. The proposal must therefore be tailored to the audience to secure the app...

  8. 76 FR 7856 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-11

    ...) Whether the proposed collection of information is necessary for the proper performance of the functions of... this notice. Proposed Project Development and Evaluation of Eagle Books and Youth Eagle Books for... specifically for AI/AN youth. These include the Eagle Books, the Youth Books, and the Diabetes Education in...

  9. 76 FR 76414 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-07

    ... this notice. Proposed Project The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999- 2010 Birth Certificate Linkage Study--Pregnant Women--New--National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS... population of the United States. Division of Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (DHANES) proposes to re...

  10. 76 FR 9784 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-22

    ... this notice. Proposed Project The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) Birth... and Prevention (CDC). NCHS's Division of Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (DHANES) proposes to re-contact women who were pregnant at the time of their participation in NHANES in 1999-2010 and ask...

  11. 76 FR 49489 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-10

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND... this notice. Proposed Project Evaluation of Dating Matters: Strategies To Promote Healthy Teen... Prevention Background and Brief Description Dating Matters: Strategies To Promote Healthy Teen Relationships...

  12. 75 FR 58391 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-24

    ...) Whether the proposed collection of information is necessary for the proper performance of the functions of... and Prevention (CDC). Background and Brief Description Cyanobacteria (also called blue-green algae...

  13. 75 FR 65019 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-21

    ... this notice. Proposed Project Central America Water and Sanitation Program Sustainability Evaluation and Qualitative Survey--NEW--Global Water Sanitation and Hygiene (GWASH) Team, Environmental Health Services Branch (EHSB), Division of Emergency and Environmental Health Services (DEEHS), National Center...

  14. 77 FR 71799 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-04

    ... proposed collection of information; (c) ways to enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the... departments collaborating with academic institutions; local health departments; public health and clinical laboratories; infection control professionals; and healthcare providers. EIPs assist in local, state, and...

  15. Think.Check.Submit.: the campaign helping researchers navigate the scholarly communication landscape

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helen Dobson

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available As the number of new publishers and journals increases, so does the emergence of deceptive or ‘predatory’ publishers. Inexperienced researchers, particularly those in the developing world, are known to be vulnerable to spam e-mails inviting them to submit papers to journals with no discernible reputation. Think.Check.Submit. is a collective response to this problem from cross-industry stakeholders. The campaign provides clear and simple guidance to help researchers make informed choices about their publications. The resources can also be used by librarians responsible for developing researchers’ knowledge of the scholarly communication landscape or disseminated by industry groups working to support researchers in their publishing.

  16. 76 FR 44334 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-25

    ... support from Battelle Centers for Public Health Research and Evaluation, is conducting research to inform... Communication Research on Folic Acid to Support the Division of Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities... several folic acid educational brochures, tip sheets, and booklets available in both English and Spanish...

  17. Radiotherapy physics research in the UK: challenges and proposed solutions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mackay, R I; Burnet, N G; Green, S; Illidge, T M; Staffurth, J N

    2012-10-01

    In 2011, the Clinical and Translational Radiotherapy Research Working Group (CTRad) of the National Cancer Research Institute brought together UK radiotherapy physics leaders for a think tank meeting. Following a format that CTRad had previously and successfully used with clinical oncologists, 23 departments were asked to complete a pre-meeting evaluation of their radiotherapy physics research infrastructure and the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats within their own centre. These departments were brought together with the CTRad Executive Group and research funders to discuss the current state of radiotherapy physics research, perceived barriers and possible solutions. In this Commentary, we summarise the submitted materials, presentations and discussions from the meeting and propose an action plan. It is clear that there are challenges in both funding and staffing of radiotherapy physics research. Programme and project funding streams sometimes struggle to cater for physics-led work, and increased representation on research funding bodies would be valuable. Career paths for academic radiotherapy physicists need to be examined and an academic training route identified within Modernising Scientific Careers; the introduction of formal job plans may allow greater protection of research time, and should be considered. Improved access to research facilities, including research linear accelerators, would enhance research activity and pass on developments to patients more quickly; research infrastructure could be benchmarked against centres in the UK and abroad. UK National Health Service departments wishing to undertake radiotherapy research, with its attendant added value for patients, need to develop a strategy with their partner higher education institution, and collaboration between departments may provide enhanced opportunities for funded research.

  18. Radiotherapy physics research in the UK: challenges and proposed solutions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mackay, R I; Burnet, N G; Green, S; Illidge, T M; Staffurth, J N

    2012-01-01

    In 2011, the Clinical and Translational Radiotherapy Research Working Group (CTRad) of the National Cancer Research Institute brought together UK radiotherapy physics leaders for a think tank meeting. Following a format that CTRad had previously and successfully used with clinical oncologists, 23 departments were asked to complete a pre-meeting evaluation of their radiotherapy physics research infrastructure and the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats within their own centre. These departments were brought together with the CTRad Executive Group and research funders to discuss the current state of radiotherapy physics research, perceived barriers and possible solutions. In this Commentary, we summarise the submitted materials, presentations and discussions from the meeting and propose an action plan. It is clear that there are challenges in both funding and staffing of radiotherapy physics research. Programme and project funding streams sometimes struggle to cater for physics-led work, and increased representation on research funding bodies would be valuable. Career paths for academic radiotherapy physicists need to be examined and an academic training route identified within Modernising Scientific Careers; the introduction of formal job plans may allow greater protection of research time, and should be considered. Improved access to research facilities, including research linear accelerators, would enhance research activity and pass on developments to patients more quickly; research infrastructure could be benchmarked against centres in the UK and abroad. UK National Health Service departments wishing to undertake radiotherapy research, with its attendant added value for patients, need to develop a strategy with their partner higher education institution, and collaboration between departments may provide enhanced opportunities for funded research. PMID:22972972

  19. Parking goes mobile: a research proposal

    OpenAIRE

    Ferreira, Sara; Batista, João; Silva, Telmo Eduardo Miranda Castelão da

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents a research proposal to study the process to create a mobile application considering important restrictions on the development schedule and on the team size. The objective of the application is to help citizens to find parking spots in urban context. A theoretical framework is presented, based on several dimensions, such as the software development approach, the different mobile application’s types and its implications, the specific design issues for mo...

  20. [Analysis of evaluation process of research projects submitted to the Fondo de Investigación Sanitaria, Spain].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prieto Carles, C; Gómez-Gerique, J; Gutiérrez Millet, V; Veiga de Cabo, J; Sanz Martul, E; Mendoza Hernández, J L

    2000-10-07

    At the present time it seems very clear that research improvement is both an unquestionable fact and the right way to develop technological innovation, services and patents. However, such improvement and corresponding finances needs to be done under fine and rigorous evaluation process as an assessment tool under which all the research projects applying to a public or private call for proposals should be submitted to assure a coherence point according to the investment to be made. At this end, the main target of this work has been focused to analysis and study the evaluation process traditionally made by Fondo de Investigación Sanitaria (FIS) as well as to propose most adequate modifications. A sample of 431 research projects corresponding to year 1998 proposal was analysed. The evaluation from FIS and ANEP (National Evaluation and Prospective Agency) was evaluated and scored (evaluation quality) in its main contents by 3 independent evaluators, the showed results submitted to a comparative frame between these agencies at indoor (FIS) and outdoor (FIS/ANEP) level. FIS evaluation had 20 commissions or areas of knowledge. The analysis indoor (FIS) clearly showed that evaluation quality was correlated to the assigned commission (F = 3.71; p < 0.001) and to the time last of the researched proposal (F = 3.42; p < 0.05) but no related to the evaluator. On the other hand, the quality of ANEP evaluation showed a correlated dependency of the three mentioned facts. In all terms, the ANEP evaluation was better than FIS for the three years time projects, but in did not show significant differences in one or two years time projects. In all cases, the evaluation with final results as negative (financing denied) showed an average quality higher than positive evaluation. The obtained results advice about the convenience of making some changes in the evaluative structure and to review the sort of FIS technical commissions focusing an improvement of the evaluation process.

  1. 78 FR 56707 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-13

    ... individual level (taxicab drivers). The proposed study goals are to: (1) Describe the occurrence of motor... the study will be used to develop future prevention initiatives for reducing work-related motor... administered in English using a 6th grade comprehension level. CDC anticipates that routine information...

  2. 76 FR 62068 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-06

    ... access to healthy food and healthy eating. The estimated burden per response is one hour. Issues to be... this notice. Proposed Project Community-Based Surveillance of Supports for Healthy Eating and Active... community-level policies related to healthy eating and active living, or how these policies are changing...

  3. 75 FR 39947 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-13

    ... days of this notice. Proposed Project National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NAMCS), (OMB No. 0920... meet the needs and demands for statistical information about the provision of ambulatory medical care... care. In 2006, physicians and mid-level providers (i.e., nurse practitioners, physician assistants, and...

  4. 76 FR 44589 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-26

    ... testing messages on dimensions such as clarity, salience, appeal, and persuasiveness (i.e., the ability to... this notice. Proposed Project Health Message Testing System, (0920-0572, exp. 11/30/2011)-- Revision...). ] Background and Brief Description Before CDC disseminates a health message to the public, the message always...

  5. 78 FR 44563 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-24

    .... This information collection seeks approval to obtain data using two qualitative data collection methods... Review Office, Office of Scientific Integrity, Office of the Associate Director for Science, Office of... Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 for opportunity for public comment on proposed data collection projects, the...

  6. 77 FR 11543 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-27

    ..., and social problems among both youth and young adults in the United States. Data on health risk.... Proposed Project 2013 and 2015 National Youth Risk Behavior Surveys (YRBS)(OMB No. 0920-0493... Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS), a school-based survey that has been conducted biennially since 1991. OMB...

  7. 76 FR 29754 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-23

    ...) Whether the proposed collection of information is necessary for the proper performance of the functions of... techniques or other forms of information technology. Written comments should be received within 60 days of....e., select agents and toxins) that could pose a severe threat to animal or plant health, or animal...

  8. 77 FR 47847 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-10

    ... technology. Written comments should be received within 60 days of this notice. Proposed Project Emergency...,000 respondents x 15 minutes per survey). These data are collected in a timely fashion so that... measure and address overall satisfaction, communication, response, and team composition and...

  9. 75 FR 4396 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-27

    ... national estimates of Healthcare Associated Infections (HAIs) prevalence and antimicrobial use in the... ``Prevent adverse events in patients and healthcare workers in healthcare settings.'' There are no costs to... comments should be received within 60 days of this notice. Proposed Project Prevalence Survey of Healthcare...

  10. 76 FR 33303 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-08

    ... and Prevention (CDC). Influenza epidemics usually cause an average more than 200,000 hospitalizations... this notice. Proposed Project Survey of Rapid Influenza Diagnostic Test (RIDT) Practices in Clinical... Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Background and Brief Description The Survey of Rapid Influenza...

  11. 76 FR 6139 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-03

    ... information technology. Written comments should be received within 60 days of this notice. Proposed Project... for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC... also benefit from lessons learned through this project. Estimated Annualized Burden Hours Number of...

  12. 76 FR 6795 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-08

    ... this notice. Proposed Project Cops and Cars: Reducing Law Enforcement Officer Deaths in Motor Vehicle... and Prevention (CDC). Background and Brief Description Occupational hazards facing law enforcement... reasons why officers report not wearing seatbelts was the tendency of the belt to get caught on their gun...

  13. 77 FR 53887 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-04

    ... admitted into the United States. Successful implementation of DGMQ's regulatory authority and public health... proposed generic clearance is needed for DGMQ to fulfill its regulatory authority and public health mission... hard-to-reach populations in order to improve routine and emergency public health programs and...

  14. 76 FR 1433 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-10

    ... this notice. Proposed Project Fetal-Infant Mortality Review--Human Immunodeficiency Virus Prevention... Fetal-InfantMortality Review-HIV Prevention Methodology (FHPM) is designed to identify and address..., conducted in partnership with the National Fetal and Infant Mortality Review Program, ] CityMatCH, and...

  15. 75 FR 61762 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-06

    ... this notice. Proposed Project HIV/AIDS Awareness Day Programs--New--National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral... HIV/AIDS day awareness activities during the next 3 years. The name and dates for the annual HIV/AIDS awareness day events are: National Black HIV Awareness Day--February 7th; National Native HIV/ AIDS...

  16. 77 FR 2066 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-13

    ... that may facilitate HIV transmission: sexual and drug use behaviors; patients' access to, use of and... for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) will publish periodic summaries of proposed projects. To...-0262) and the Adult/Adolescent Spectrum of HIV Disease (ASD). Both projects stopped data collection in...

  17. 76 FR 46813 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-03

    ...-to-male sexual transmission is ] even greater (75%). In the absence of an effective vaccine... of an HIV transmission prevention intervention for reducing sexual risk among African American men... for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) will publish periodic summaries of proposed projects. To...

  18. 78 FR 72677 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-03

    ... for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) will publish periodic summaries of proposed projects. To.... College students, who are typically at the age of most risk for acquiring a sexually transmitted disease... ] minority enrollment (SMEs) may face additional challenges such as greater risk of transmission during new...

  19. 77 FR 12057 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-28

    ... efficacy of an HIV transmission prevention intervention for reducing sexual risk among African American men... for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) will publish periodic summaries of proposed projects. To... represented 44% of all cases among males (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention , 2005). These statistics...

  20. 75 FR 4399 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-27

    ... for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) will publish periodic summaries of proposed projects. To... interventions to reduce sexual risk for HIV infection and transmission among African-American MSMW who do not... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND...

  1. 76 FR 28786 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-18

    ... businesses' specific training needs, motivational factors, and preferred information sources. The proposed in.... The data gathered in this study regarding SCB owners businesses' specific training needs, motivational factors, and preferred information sources will be of significant practical value when designing and...

  2. 75 FR 47598 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-06

    ... this notice. Proposed Project Evaluating Act Against AIDS Social Marketing Campaign Phases Targeting... addresses the need to assess the effectiveness of these social marketing messages aimed at increasing HIV... evaluate the Act Against AIDS (AAA) social marketing campaign aimed at increasing HIV/AIDS awareness...

  3. 75 FR 49937 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-16

    ..., increased sales, increased quality of customers, decreased crime, and decreased employee stress. The... invited on: (a) Whether the proposed collection of information is necessary for the proper performance of... concern for employers and employees alike; every year in the U.S., WPV results in hundreds of deaths...

  4. 77 FR 8874 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-15

    ... diabetes. Increasing health care costs, and decreases in employee productivity due to health-related... the proposed collection of information is necessary for the proper performance of the functions of the... providing their employees with opportunities to make healthy lifestyle choices. They increasingly look to...

  5. 78 FR 9919 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-12

    ... 1 60/60 821 ] School Health Education 640 1 20/60 213 School Physical Education and Activity. 640 1...). District Health Education 685 1 30/60 343 District Physical Education and 685 1 40/60 457 Activity... technology. Written comments should be received within 60 days of this notice. Proposed Project School Health...

  6. 75 FR 70265 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-17

    ... this notice. Proposed Project Using Traditional Foods and Sustainable Ecological Approaches for Health... Indian/Alaska Native Communities.'' The Traditional Foods program seeks to build on what is known about... requests OMB approval to collect standardized information, called Traditional Foods Shared Data Elements...

  7. 76 FR 31336 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-31

    ...). The hypothesis to be tested is that ``Reality Check'' is effective in increasing intention for HIV... this notice. Proposed Project ``Evaluating the Effects of the `Reality Check' Serial Drama on the HIV... serial drama intervention, ``Reality Check,'' on African American youth in the Atlanta, Georgia area...

  8. 7 CFR 1487.5 - What is the process for submitting proposals?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... information, including: (i) Performance measures for three years, beginning with the year that the project... performance measure for the year prior to the year that the project would begin; and (iii) The viability of... about the proposed projects, including, at a minimum, the following: (1) Organizational information...

  9. 78 FR 53764 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-30

    ... information is necessary for the proper performance of the functions of the agency, including whether the... Americans living abroad. Moreover, the number of sports and recreation- related TBIs treated in U.S... propose to conduct a retrospective cross-sectional study of a random sample of patients with a suspected...

  10. 75 FR 152 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-04

    ...) Whether the proposed collection of information is necessary for the proper performance of the functions of... of physical activity; improved nutrition (e.g., increased fruit/vegetable consumption, reduced... prevalence and decreased teen smoking initiation; and decreased exposure to secondhand smoke. Respondents...

  11. 75 FR 65353 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-22

    ...: (a) Whether the proposed collection of information is necessary for the proper performance of the... States, including a focus on tobacco control; improving nutrition, physical activity, and food safety; reducing healthcare-associated infections; preventing motor vehicle injuries; preventing teen pregnancy...

  12. 77 FR 68780 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-16

    ... will be applied in field settings. This will include spirometry, lung volume testing such as total lung capacity (TLC) and diffusing capacity of the lung to carbon monoxide (DLCO), as well as high resolution... days of this notice. Proposed Project Spectrum of Flavoring Chemical-Related Lung Disease--New...

  13. 76 FR 54472 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-01

    ... this notice. Proposed Project Pre-Evaluation Assessments of Nutrition, Physical Activity and Obesity Programs and Policies--New--National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (NCCDPHP... candidate program's suitability for further evaluation. The topics addressed in this form include a general...

  14. 77 FR 61411 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-09

    ... include universities, research organizations, many in the private sector, foundations, and a variety of... components and include basic demographic information, personal identifiers, name, address, social security.... These users include but are not limited to CDC, Congressional Research Office, Office of the Assistant...

  15. 75 FR 48972 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-12

    ... telephone, by mail, by email, and online. More specific types of studies may include: User experience and user-testing; concept/product/ package development testing; brand positioning/identity research...

  16. 75 FR 24958 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-06

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND... research-based adolescent dating violence prevention program. The Safe Dates program includes a nine-session dating abuse curriculum, a play about dating abuse, and a poster contest. The current information...

  17. 78 FR 61363 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-03

    ... with occupational safety and health problems. Commercial fishing is one of the most dangerous... drowning is the leading cause of death for commercial fishermen, its prevention is one of the highest... benefit the fishing industry. As a result of previous research, NIOSH has gained a baseline understanding...

  18. 76 FR 559 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-05

    ... discharges, lengths of stay, diagnoses, surgical and non-surgical procedures, and patterns of use of care in... surgical and non-surgical procedures. Facility level data items include demographic information, clinical... research activities in the health field. NHDS data have been used extensively in the development and...

  19. 76 FR 147 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-03

    ... extensive research on managing collaborations during times of extraordinary pressure where response to surge... from the County or local public health agency, and one coordinator or collaboration leader) will be... preparedness 10 1 1 10 coordinator/collaboration leader Rural (Greenville, Phoenix, Seattle only: 3 1 1 3...

  20. 75 FR 20600 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-20

    ... techniques or other forms of information technology. Written comments should be received within 60 days of... efficacy in reducing HIV risk behaviors. Findings from this research will also contribute knowledge on how...-demographic background, sexual health, substance use, history of incarceration, HIV testing history, self...

  1. 78 FR 70562 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-26

    ... order to test this research question. We will compare participant responses to a short questionnaire... objective of this study is to establish an expanded occupational health surveillance system that summarizes... additional objective will be to investigate ambi-directional effect modification between SES and health...

  2. 76 FR 24884 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-03

    ... generic clearance under OMB Number 0920- 0237. A change in accounting practice for the burden hours... material on a national probability sample for future genetic research aimed at understanding disease... and health education and disease prevention programs. This submission requests approval for three...

  3. 78 FR 66363 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-05

    ... research, and to report to the Congress (as deemed appropriate) discussing the health effects of these... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND... List of Ingredients Added to Tobacco in the Manufacture of Cigarette Products (OMB No. 0920-0210, exp...

  4. 78 FR 65324 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-31

    ... research, and to report to the Congress (as deemed appropriate) discussing the health effects of these... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND... List of Ingredients Added to Tobacco in the Manufacture of Cigarette Products (OMB No. 0920-0210, exp...

  5. 77 FR 58396 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-20

    ... and Health (NIOSH) is to promote safety and health at work for all people through research and... of greatest interest from a public health perspective because of their potentially asbestiform... as smoking, age, gender, and workplace co- exposures, including non-engineered ultrafine particles...

  6. 75 FR 75473 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-03

    ..., Prevention Is Care (PIC), and Partner Services Social Marketing Campaigns--Extension--(0920-0775, exp. 4/30... research to inform the development of three CDC-sponsored social marketing campaigns: Social Marketing... persons living with HIV. The goal of the Partner Services component of the PIC social marketing campaign...

  7. 77 FR 13608 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-07

    ... Research for the Development of CDC's Act Against AIDS Social Marketing Campaigns Targeting Consumers--New... to develop AAA's social marketing campaigns designed to increase HIV/AIDS awareness and knowledge... to develop materials for six specific HIV social marketing campaigns under the umbrella of the larger...

  8. 76 FR 55392 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-07

    ...'s and women's health, child well-being, marriage and the family; academic researchers in the social... pregnancy rates, including contraception, infertility, marriage, divorce, and sexual activity, in the US... Kennedy Shriver National Institute for Child Health and Human Development (NIH/NICHD); the Office of...

  9. Common statistical and research design problems in manuscripts submitted to high-impact medical journals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fernandes-Taylor, Sara; Hyun, Jenny K; Reeder, Rachelle N; Harris, Alex Hs

    2011-08-19

    To assist educators and researchers in improving the quality of medical research, we surveyed the editors and statistical reviewers of high-impact medical journals to ascertain the most frequent and critical statistical errors in submitted manuscripts. The Editors-in-Chief and statistical reviewers of the 38 medical journals with the highest impact factor in the 2007 Science Journal Citation Report and the 2007 Social Science Journal Citation Report were invited to complete an online survey about the statistical and design problems they most frequently found in manuscripts. Content analysis of the responses identified major issues. Editors and statistical reviewers (n = 25) from 20 journals responded. Respondents described problems that we classified into two, broad themes: A. statistical and sampling issues and B. inadequate reporting clarity or completeness. Problems included in the first theme were (1) inappropriate or incomplete analysis, including violations of model assumptions and analysis errors, (2) uninformed use of propensity scores, (3) failing to account for clustering in data analysis, (4) improperly addressing missing data, and (5) power/sample size concerns. Issues subsumed under the second theme were (1) Inadequate description of the methods and analysis and (2) Misstatement of results, including undue emphasis on p-values and incorrect inferences and interpretations. The scientific quality of submitted manuscripts would increase if researchers addressed these common design, analytical, and reporting issues. Improving the application and presentation of quantitative methods in scholarly manuscripts is essential to advancing medical research.

  10. 7 CFR 3406.19 - Proposal review-research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Proposal review-research. 3406.19 Section 3406.19 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) COOPERATIVE STATE RESEARCH, EDUCATION... Review and Evaluation of a Research Proposal § 3406.19 Proposal review—research. The proposal evaluation...

  11. 77 FR 22334 - Authority To Accept Unsolicited Research Proposals

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-13

    ... noncompetitive cooperative agreements for research proposals that inform important policy and program objectives... event of any questions about the proposal. Proposals for research partnerships that have already been... URBAN DEVELOPMENT Authority To Accept Unsolicited Research Proposals AGENCY: Office of the Assistant...

  12. Research Proposal for Distributed Deep Web Search

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tjin-Kam-Jet, Kien

    2010-01-01

    This proposal identifies two main problems related to deep web search, and proposes a step by step solution for each of them. The first problem is about searching deep web content by means of a simple free-text interface (with just one input field, instead of a complex interface with many input

  13. Antiviral Drug Research Proposal Activity †

    OpenAIRE

    Lisa Injaian; Smith, Ann C.; Jennifer German Shipley; Gili Marbach-Ad; Brenda Lee Fredericksen

    2011-01-01

    The development of antiviral drugs provides an excellent example of how basic and clinical research must be used together in order to achieve the final goal of treating disease. A Research Oriented Learning Activity was designed to help students to better understand how basic and clinical research can be combined toward a common goal. Through this project students gained a better understanding of the process of scientific research and increased their information literacy in the field of virol...

  14. A proposed international watershed research network

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osterkamp, W.R.; Gray, J.R.

    2003-01-01

    An “International Watershed Research Network” is to be an initial project of the Sino-U. S. Centers for Soil and Water Conservation and Environmental Protection. The Network will provide a fundamental database for research personnel of the Centers, as well as of the global research community, and is viewed as an important resource for their successful operation. Efforts are under way to (a) identify and select candidate watersheds, (b) develop standards and protocols for data collection and dissemination, and (c) specify other data sources on erosion, sediment transport, hydrology, and ancillary information of probable interest and use to participants of the Centers. The initial focus of the Network will be on water-deficient areas. Candidate watersheds for the Network are yet to be determined although likely selections include the Ansai Research Station, northern China, and the Walnut Gulch Experimental Watershed, Arizona, USA. The Network is to be patterned after the Vigil Network, an open-ended group of global sites and small drainage basins for which Internet-accessible geomorphic, hydrologic, and biological data are periodically collected or updated. Some types of data, using similar instruments and observation methods, will be collected at all watersheds selected for the Network. Other data from the watersheds that may reflect individual watershed characteristics and research objectives will be collected as well.

  15. The vocabulary of microbiome research: a proposal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marchesi, Julian R; Ravel, Jacques

    2015-01-01

    The advancement of DNA/RNA, proteins, and metabolite analytical platforms, combined with increased computing technologies, has transformed the field of microbial community analysis. This transformation is evident by the exponential increase in the number of publications describing the composition and structure, and sometimes function, of the microbial communities inhabiting the human body. This rapid evolution of the field has been accompanied by confusion in the vocabulary used to describe different aspects of these communities and their environments. The misuse of terms such as microbiome, microbiota, metabolomic, and metagenome and metagenomics among others has contributed to misunderstanding of many study results by the scientific community and the general public alike. A few review articles have previously defined those terms, but mainly as sidebars, and no clear definitions or use cases have been published. In this editorial, we aim to propose clear definitions of each of these terms, which we would implore scientists in the field to adopt and perfect.

  16. An Evaluation of How Students Learn to Write Research Proposals ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Writing a research proposal is a crucial step in doing a research project. The quality of the project in most cases is determined by the proposal. One of the limitations of research in education is the scarcity of relevant material that serves as guides for researchers. Available material, though sometimes helpful, tend to bring ...

  17. Theoretical proposals in bullying research: a review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia Postigo

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Four decades of research into peer bullying have produced an extensive body of knowledge. This work attempts to provide an integrative theoretical framework, which includes the specific theories and observations. The main aim is to organize the available knowledge in order to guide the development of effective interventions. To that end, several psychological theories are described that have been used and/or adapted with the aim of understanding peer bullying. All of them, at different ecological levels and different stages of the process, may describe it in terms of the relational dynamics of power. It is concluded that research needs to take this integrative framework into account, that is to say to consider multi-causal and holistic approaches to bullying. For the intervention, regardless of the format or the target population, the empowerment of the individuals, and the social awareness of the use and abuse of personal power are suggested.

  18. Anaesthesiology and research in South Africa: a proposal for a ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Based on factors known to be associated with research productivity, a proposal is made for the establishment of a national, collaborative research group. To ensure the success of this venture, this collaborative group should address the six factors of research productivity identified by Kern: funding of the research; the quality ...

  19. 76 FR 53844 - National Dairy Promotion and Research Program; Invitation To Submit Comments on Proposed...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-30

    ... pursuant to the Dairy Production Stabilization Act (Dairy Act) of 1983 [7 U.S.C. 4501- 4514], as amended... Dairy Production Stabilization Act of 1983 authorizes a national program for dairy product promotion... of milk production in the United States. The Dairy Order is administered by a 38-member Dairy Board...

  20. 7 CFR 3406.18 - Content of a research proposal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... how the project will be of value and importance at the State, regional, national, or international... researchers at other institutions. (iii) Innovation. Describe the degree to which the proposal reflects an...

  1. Summary and Synthesis: How to Present a Research Proposal

    OpenAIRE

    Setia, Maninder Singh; Panda, Saumya

    2017-01-01

    This concluding module attempts to synthesize the key learning points discussed during the course of the previous ten sets of modules on methodology and biostatistics. The objective of this module is to discuss how to present a model research proposal, based on whatever was discussed in the preceding modules. The lynchpin of a research proposal is the protocol, and the key component of a protocol is the study design. However, one must not neglect the other areas, be it the project summary thr...

  2. Request for Proposals 'Safe and Inclusive Cities: Research to ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Kristin Farr

    plans to undertake the project in consortia with a research institution and/or the government? IDRC Response: ... IDRC Response: Proposed projects are to be undertaken by – or in the case of a research consortium, led by – a ... For example, while Mexico is geographically located in North America, it is considered part of ...

  3. Thoughts about the research process. A proposal from decolonial feminism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javiera Cubillos Almendra

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, I share some concerns and decisions arisen during my doctoral research process which seeks to integrate decolonial feminist theory as epistemic key for analysis on sexual and reproductive health public policy in Chile, between years 2000 and 2015, based on Coloniality of Gender concept proposed by Maria Lugones. Here I present the most significant aspects in the research process —including theoretical framework and methodological design— that led to the approach of my current research project.

  4. H Scan/AHP decision process planning for evaluating and ranking of proposals submitted to the DOE hydrogen program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Szoka de Valladares, M.R. [National Renwable Energy Lab., Washington, DC (United States); Mack, S. [Energtics, Washington, DC (United States)

    1995-09-01

    The DOE Hydrogen Program needs to develop criteria as part of a systematic evaluation process for proposal identification, evaluation and selection. The H Scan component of this process provides a framework in which a project proposer can fully describe their candidate technology system and its components. The H Scan complements traditional methods of capturing cost and technical information. It consists of a special set of survey forms designed to elicit information so expert reviewers can assess the proposal relative to DOE specified selection criteria. The Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) component of the decision process assembles the management defined evaluation and selection criteria into a coherent multi-level decision construct by which projects can be evaluated in pair-wise comparisons. The AHP model will reflect management`s objectives and it will assist in the ranking of individual projects based on the extent to which each contributes to management`s objectives. This paper contains a detailed description of the products and activities associated with the planning and evaluation process: The objectives or criteria; the H Scan; and The Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP).

  5. 78 FR 31568 - Proposed Collection; 60-day Comment Request: Autism Spectrum Disorder Research Portfolio Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-24

    ... Collection; 60-day Comment Request: Autism Spectrum Disorder Research Portfolio Analysis SUMMARY: In... be submitted to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for review and approval. Written comments... Information: To obtain a copy of the data collection plans and instruments, submit comments in writing, or...

  6. Survey of editors and reviewers of high-impact psychology journals: statistical and research design problems in submitted manuscripts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harris, Alex; Reeder, Rachelle; Hyun, Jenny

    2011-01-01

    The authors surveyed 21 editors and reviewers from major psychology journals to identify and describe the statistical and design errors they encounter most often and to get their advice regarding prevention of these problems. Content analysis of the text responses revealed themes in 3 major areas: (a) problems with research design and reporting (e.g., lack of an a priori power analysis, lack of congruence between research questions and study design/analysis, failure to adequately describe statistical procedures); (b) inappropriate data analysis (e.g., improper use of analysis of variance, too many statistical tests without adjustments, inadequate strategy for addressing missing data); and (c) misinterpretation of results. If researchers attended to these common methodological and analytic issues, the scientific quality of manuscripts submitted to high-impact psychology journals might be significantly improved.

  7. Proposing an Integrated Research Framework for Connectivism: Utilising Theoretical Synergies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bopelo Boitshwarelo

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Connectivism is receiving acknowledgement as a fresh way of conceptualising learning in the digital age. Thus, as a relatively new instructional framework, it is imperative that research on its applicability and effectiveness in a variety of educational contexts is advanced. In particular, a high premium should be placed on context-specific research that is aimed not only at developing general principles but also at improving practice in local settings. Thus, developmental research approaches become imperative and as such it becomes increasingly necessary to have models that would assist scholars to understand the learning ecologies of connectivism. This paper therefore proposes a research framework for connectivism that integrates approaches commonly used in online learning environments. The paper integrates the theories of online communities of practice, design-based research, and activity theory to construct a research framework that is characterised by a synergistic relationship between them. It demonstrates the viability of the model by using an example of how it was operationalised in one research project. The framework, whose potential strength derives from integrating already established theoretical constructs, is presented as a proposal with the intention that it will be critiqued, tried, and improved upon where necessary and ultimately become part of the menu of other tools that serve connectivism research.

  8. Summary and Synthesis: How to Present a Research Proposal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Setia, Maninder Singh; Panda, Saumya

    2017-01-01

    This concluding module attempts to synthesize the key learning points discussed during the course of the previous ten sets of modules on methodology and biostatistics. The objective of this module is to discuss how to present a model research proposal, based on whatever was discussed in the preceding modules. The lynchpin of a research proposal is the protocol, and the key component of a protocol is the study design. However, one must not neglect the other areas, be it the project summary through which one catches the eyes of the reviewer of the proposal, or the background and the literature review, or the aims and objectives of the study. Two critical areas in the “methods” section that cannot be emphasized more are the sampling strategy and a formal estimation of sample size. Without a legitimate sample size, none of the conclusions based on the statistical analysis would be valid. Finally, the ethical parameters of the study should be well understood by the researchers, and that should get reflected in the proposal. PMID:28979004

  9. Summary and synthesis: How to present a research proposal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maninder Singh Setia

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This concluding module attempts to synthesize the key learning points discussed during the course of the previous ten sets of modules on methodology and biostatistics. The objective of this module is to discuss how to present a model research proposal, based on whatever was discussed in the preceding modules. The lynchpin of a research proposal is the protocol, and the key component of a protocol is the study design. However, one must not neglect the other areas, be it the project summary through which one catches the eyes of the reviewer of the proposal, or the background and the literature review, or the aims and objectives of the study. Two critical areas in the “methods” section that cannot be emphasized more are the sampling strategy and a formal estimation of sample size. Without a legitimate sample size, none of the conclusions based on the statistical analysis would be valid. Finally, the ethical parameters of the study should be well understood by the researchers, and that should get reflected in the proposal.

  10. Feminist research experiences: reflections and proposals on methodologies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luz Mª Martínez

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This text means to be an introduction to the monograph named “Feminist research experiences: reflections and proposals on methodologies”. We aim to express the main concerns and motivations that led us to elaborate it, as well as the process of working with feminist research methodologies in the frame of SIMReF. We try and express the difficulties we met when aiming to produce non-androcentric forms of knowledge in academia. At the same time we underline our interest on  working with and forward methods to transverse gender analysis in different disciplines. We also draw on the opportunity to elaborate guides or methodological reference texts on the implementation of feminist epistemologies in our research and, specially, advocate the idea of giving account about practical decisions taken during the research processes, revealing the “back room”within them. Finally, we provide a short description of the articles included in the monograph.

  11. Causes of mortality of wild birds submitted to the Charles Darwin Research Station, Santa Cruz, Galapagos, Ecuador from 2002-2004.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gottdenker, Nicole L; Walsh, Timothy; Jiménez-Uzcátegui, Gustavo; Betancourt, Franklin; Cruz, Marilyn; Soos, Catherine; Miller, R Eric; Parker, Patricia G

    2008-10-01

    Necropsy findings were reviewed from wild birds submitted to the Charles Darwin Research Station, Santa Cruz Island, Galápagos Archipelago between 2004 and 2006. One hundred and ninety cases from 27 different species were submitted, and 178 of these cases were evaluated grossly or histologically. Trauma and trauma-related deaths (n=141) dominated necropsy submissions. Infectious causes of avian mortality included myiasis due to Philornis sp. (n=6), avian pox (n=1), and schistosomosis (n=1).

  12. Factors impacting successfully competing for research funding: an analysis of applications submitted to the Plastic Surgery Foundation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hume, Keith M; Giladi, Aviram M; Chung, Kevin C

    2015-02-01

    Federal research funding is decreasing, forcing specialty organizations to have an increasingly important position in developing and fostering research. As the research and innovation arm of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons, The Plastic Surgery Foundation has a key role in supporting promising plastic surgery research. Understanding the grant review process and factors that contribute to funding well-written grant funding applications is essential for aspiring academic surgeons. All research grant applications submitted to The Plastic Surgery Foundation in 2012 and 2013 were evaluated. Each reviewer comment was assessed independently by two study team members and classified into key weakness categories. The chi-square test was used to compare results between funded and unfunded grants. Linear regression identified which critique elements corresponded to changes in scores, and logistic regression identified elements that predicted funding. The authors analyzed 1764 comments from 240 applications. Of these, 55 received funding. Funded grants had significantly fewer reviewer comments in four of five weakness categories. As expected, funded grants received better (lower) scores. Concerns in the categories of plan for execution and other elements/grantsmanship significantly affected score and odds of funding. Ensuring that a grant addresses all required elements is important for receiving a low reviewer score. Our study demonstrates that plan for execution and grantsmanship influence reviewer scoring more than others. Investigators must clearly address items associated with conducting their experiments and performing the analysis. Investigators must also give equal attention to elements of overall quality and completeness to optimize chances of funding.

  13. The challenges facing ethnographic design research: A proposed methodological solution

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cash, Philip; Hicks, Ben; Culley, Steve

    2009-01-01

    Central to improving and maintaining high levels of performance in emerging ethnographic design research is a fundamental requirement to address some of the problems associated with the subject. In particular seven core issues are identified and include the complexity of test development, variabi......Central to improving and maintaining high levels of performance in emerging ethnographic design research is a fundamental requirement to address some of the problems associated with the subject. In particular seven core issues are identified and include the complexity of test development...... of the dataset and the stratification of the research context. The paper then examines the fundamental requirements of this scheme and how these relate to a Design Observatory approach. Following this, the proposed solution is related back to the initial problem set and potential issues are discussed. Finally...

  14. A Research Proposal to Examine Entrepreneurship in Family Business

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge A. Durán-Encalada

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper builds on existing theoretical and empirical studies in the areas of family business and entrepreneurship. It uses Dubin´s theory building framework to propose a model for conducting research of family businesses and its linkage to entrepreneurial activities in Mexico. This works starts by describing the concepts of family business and explains the importance that these definitions can have on the variables to be included in the research. After that, the paper explains how the concept of “familiness” relates to the essence definition of family business. Using the resource-based view (RBV, agency theory, and social capital theories we describe how social capital resources are the basis for building firm capabilities and competitive advantages that influence firm’s performances. Based on this perspective, a theoretical model, laws of interaction, a set of propositions and suggestions for further research are provided.

  15. Reporting of ethical review of clinical research submitted to the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perkins, Alexis C; Choi, Joanna Mimi; Kimball, Alexa B

    2007-02-01

    In recent years there has been an increasing focus on human subject protection and on documentation of ethical review in published clinical research. The JAAD clearly states in its instructions to authors, which adhere to the guidelines set forth by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors, "studies involving live human subjects must have been approved by the author's Institutional Review Board or its equivalent." To determine what proportion of prospective studies on human subjects submitted to the clinical trials and therapeutics section lacked mention of review by an ethics board and to determine the outcome of these manuscripts. We reviewed 150 prospective studies submitted from July 1, 2004 to January 16, 2006 to a single associate editor, who receives the majority of reports requiring ethics board review. Of 150 prospective studies, 36% (n = 54) had no mention of ethics review or consent, whereas 15% (n = 22) mentioned consent but not ethics review. Forty-two papers were returned asking for ethics information, and of these, 48% were resubmitted with confirmation of ethics review, 22% were withdrawn, 12% were never resubmitted, 12% responded that ethical review was not obtained, and 7% were clarified as exempt from review. Of the 150 papers, 45% were from US authors and 55% were from international authors. Sixty-seven percent of US papers and 35% of international papers included ethics board information (P

  16. Synthesis of the investment program proposals submitted by RTE to CRE's approval; Synthese des propositions de programme d'investissement soumises par RTE a l'approbation de la CRE

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-07-01

    Conformably to the French law from February 10, 2000, the French commission of electricity regulation (CRE) must proceed to the examination of the proposals submitted by the electricity transportation network (RTE) for the approval of its 2002 investments program devoted to the power grid. The main lines of the proposals submitted by RTE are described in this document: 1 - strategy of grid development (methodology, interconnections), 2 - methods of evaluation and selection of regional projects (replacement and development projects), 3 - main projects retained (main transportation network and interconnections, regional networks, remote control and safety systems), 4 - program financing plan. (J.S.)

  17. A proposed strategy for research misconduct policy: A review on misconduct management in health research system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shirin Djalalinia

    2016-01-01

    Conclusions: Considering the proposed strategy, regarding the strengths and weaknesses, utilization of evaluation tool can be one of the best strategies to achieving the prospective of health research papers by 2025.

  18. A Proposal submitted to Biological Systems Science Division of DOE requesting Participant Support Costs for the Fifth International Conference on Polar and Alpine Microbiology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Priscu, John [Montana State Univ., Bozeman, MT (United States)

    2012-11-20

    The 5th International Conference on Polar and Alpine Microbiology (PAM5) was held in Big Sky, Montana (USA) from 8-12 September 2013. This meeting is a continuation of the highly successful meetings previously held in Rovaniemi, Finland (2004), Innsbruck, Austria (2006), Banff, Canada (2008) and Ljubljana, Slovenia (2011), which brought together leading international researchers and students in this field. The objectives of the Big Sky meeting were to bring together scientists, students and professionals to discuss all aspects of cold-adapted microorganisms and the roles they play in polar and alpine environments, to understand the role of these organisms in our search for life on other icy worlds, to address recent developments, and to exchange ideas and experiences on an international scale. The conference provided a multi-disciplinary forum to explore emerging areas in the field and as always, will have a wealth of opportunities for the exchange of ideas and building of collaborations. Funds were requested to help defray registration fees and travel costs of 13 early career scientists. Distribution of the funds were based on the quality of the abstracts submitted.

  19. 78 FR 105 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request (60-Day FRN); A Generic Submission for Formative Research...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-02

    ... information technology. To submit comments in writing, request more information on the proposed project, or to... Communications and Education (OCE), to pretest NCI communications strategies, concepts, and messages while they... participants may include, but are not limited to, cancer patients, their families, the general public, health...

  20. 78 FR 12334 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request: Federal Interagency Traumatic Brain Injury Research (FITBIR...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-22

    ... projects to be submitted to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for review and approval. Written... collection techniques or other forms of information technology. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: To request more information on the proposed project, obtain a copy of the data collection plans and instruments...

  1. 76 FR 66694 - Extension of the Due Date for Submitting Comments on Research and Development Priorities for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-27

    ... Innovation (WIN) Fund to help drive innovation of next-generation network technologies. NIST is publishing... Fund to help drive innovation through research, experimentation, testbeds, and applied development. Of... safety broadband network.\\2\\ The Public Safety Innovation Fund (PSIF), NIST's component of the proposed...

  2. Measurement of perceived barriers to physical activities: Proposed research instrument

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edio Luiz Petroski

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available Currently, one of the most-investigated subjects that Physical Education scientists are researching consists of themes related to human behavior (change of patterns, habits related to the health, lifestyle, beliefs and attitudes, motivation for physical activity, perception of barriers. The aim of the present article is to propose an objective instrument (questionnaire to be used in research into human behavior, especially related to the perception of barriers to the practice of physical activity. The study used a sample of 42 adults (22 women and 20 men and had the following methodological design: preliminary test-retest with one week interval, reformulation of the instrument, final test-retest with one week interval. The reliability of the proposed barriers was initially evaluated using the Kappa index and Pearson Product Moment correlations. Testing of the instrument demonstrated that the proposed questionnaire (a list of nineteen barriers evaluated in ordinal scale can be easily employed, due to its applicability and quite satisfactory clarity, in addition to offering a reproducibility index of adequate reliability. RESUMO Atualmente, temas relacionados a comportamento (mudança de padrões, hábitos relacionados à saúde, estilo de vida, crenças e atitudes, motivação para a prática, percepção de barreiras estão entre os assuntos mais investigados pelos cientistas da área da Educação Física. O presente trabalho tem o intuito de propor um instrumento (questionário objetivo a ser utilizado em pesquisas sobre comportamento humano, especialmente relacionado à percepção de barreiras para a prática de atividades físicas. Participaram do estudo 42 indivíduos adultos (22 mulheres e 20 homens, com o seguinte design metodológico: teste-reteste preliminar com intervalo de uma semana, reformulação do instrumento, teste-reteste final, com intervalo de uma semana. A reprodutibilidade das barreiras propostas foi avaliada inicialmente

  3. Proposed Special Issue: Progress of cancer research in developing countries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T.S. Jong

    2016-10-01

    important to first gain a thorough understanding of low and middle income countries’ current capability (i.e., knowledge and infrastructure in handling the disease. Therefore, the curation of a special issue incorporating all relevant cancer-related studies, focusing on developing countries, will be an essential step in realizing the long-term plan of reducing cancer burden in much of the developing world.For this proposed special issue, we welcome submissions in the forms of original research articles, case studies, and reviews, as well as editorials and perspective articles on:(i Clinical studies focusing on the diagnoses and treatments of common/rare cancers in developing countries, particularly those that present novel or innovative methods in a localized setting.(ii Basic science research that highlights the development of emerging or improved therapeutics and drugs.(iii Innovative cancer/oncology treatment modalities used in developing countries that have been adapted from conventional approaches.(iv Analysis of clinical data collected from developing countries on cancer-related incidence.(v Health policies and guidelines on managing cancers in a resource-constrained setting.

  4. 78 FR 12002 - Proposed Priority-National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research-Rehabilitation...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-21

    ... CFR Chapter III Proposed Priority--National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research--Rehabilitation Research and Training Centers AGENCY: Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services... and Rehabilitative Services proposes a priority for the Rehabilitation Research and Training Center...

  5. 78 FR 26560 - Proposed Priority-National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research-Rehabilitation...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-07

    ... CFR Chapter III Proposed Priority--National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research--Rehabilitation Research and Training Centers AGENCY: Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services... and Rehabilitative Services proposes a priority for the Rehabilitation Research and Training Center...

  6. A proposal and prototype for a Research Risk Repository to improve the protection of research participants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rid, Annette; Wendler, David

    2011-12-01

    Accurate and consistent risk assessment is vital for the protection of research participants. Yet, current evaluation of the risks of research interventions often does not take into account the relevant empirical data. This approach raises concern that current practice may not be protecting research participants adequately, or that it may be thwarting acceptable research. To propose and evaluate the possibility of creating and maintaining a Research Risk Repository which would make empirical data on the risks of research interventions available to institutional review boards, investigators, funders, and others. Analysis of the usefulness of a Research Risk Repository and evaluation of whether currently available empirical data are sufficient to establish such a repository. Creation of a Research Risk Repository would provide a vital resource for systematically and accurately evaluating the risks of biomedical research. Realizing this goal requires data that have at least 4 characteristics: (1) trustworthy: to ensure credibility to all stakeholders; (2) robust: to support confident risk determinations; (3) inclusive: to cover all potential harms of the interventions under review; and (4) comprehensive: to determine which factors influence the risks of the interventions under review. Evaluation of existing data reveals that they satisfy these requirements for only a few research interventions and, even in those cases, only to a limited extent. Gaps in the currently available evidence highlight the need for systematic collection and maintenance of data on the risks posed by research interventions. Creation and maintenance of a Research Risk Repository would be costly and require regular updating as new data are collected, and new practices and interventions emerge. A Research Risk Repository has the potential to significantly improve the consistency and accuracy of the evaluation of research risks. However, currently available data are generally insufficient for this

  7. Proposing a "lipemic index" as a nutritional and research tool.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ooi, Teik Chye; Robinson, Lindsay; Graham, Terry; Kolovou, Genovefa D; Mikhailidis, Dimitri P; Lairon, Denis

    2011-05-01

    Recent studies have demonstrated the value of non-fasting serum triglycerides (TG) as risk markers for cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease. This underscores the importance of knowing the postprandial lipid/lipoprotein responses to different foods. A systematic approach is needed to make use of postprandial lipid data as a practical nutritional tool, similar to the well known glycemic index (GI), which is a measure of the effect of carbohydrates on blood glucose levels. Using GI as a model, we propose that a similar and parallel nutritional tool called Lipemic Index (LI) be developed to facilitate the planning of a healthy diet. LI could also serve as a tool in human nutrition research. LI would refer to the postprandial increase of serum TG after a test meal with a specific food relative to a reference meal. The reference meal could take the form of a fat load that has a fixed amount (e.g. 50-70 g) of a mixture of saturated, polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fats in known proportions. It is possible that a test meal may have a greater degree of postprandial lipemia (PPL) than the reference meal and, unlike GI, the LI may exceed 100%. We recommend total plasma TG as the blood parameter to follow after consumption of the fat load. The TG incremental area under the curve (iAUC) will be calculated from the curve drawn from hourly measurements of plasma TG up to 6 hours using the trapezoid rule. The LI of the test meal (%) will equal the iAUC of the test meal divided by the iAUC of the reference meal x 100. Consideration will be given to the impact of background diet, other nutrients in the test meal and gender differences on LI testing. The establishment of LI into practice will be complicated and challenging. However, it is important for work to begin on establishing a practical and quantifiable index of PPL, in order to benefit clinical management of patients as well as research.

  8. A proposal for judging the trustworthiness of research findings.

    OpenAIRE

    Gorard, S.

    2015-01-01

    This paper offers a procedure for, and a description of the elements involved in judging how trustworthy a research finding is. The idea is of value to the users of research evidence and to researchers themselves when creating a synthesis of existing evidence (i.e. in a literature review. The focus here is on active designs to address causal research questions, but the ideas can easily be extended to other types of research. Other than design, the elements suggested ar...

  9. 7 CFR 3406.16 - Scope of a research proposal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    .... Applicants are also encouraged to include in their proposals a library enhancement component related to the... innovations and improvements in the delivery of benefits of food and agricultural sciences to producers and...

  10. A Researcher's Proposal for Changes in Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Astin, Alexander W.

    1970-01-01

    Researcher recommends a lottery for admissions and a curricular cafeteria" with an educational menu" because research findings do not support assumptions used to justify traditional practices of college and unicersity admissions and tradiational approaches to curriculum and certification. (Editor)

  11. 75 FR 78212 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Center for Economic Studies Research Proposal...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-15

    ... the course of rigorous analysis, will uncover the strengths and weaknesses of the micro records. Each... tested in the course of analysis. Exposing to the light of research the conceptual and processing..., purpose of the research, funding source, requested datasets, desired software, a brief narrative...

  12. Integrating a Proposed Population Health Model with Nursing Informatics Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dowding, Dawn; Arcia, Adriana; Bjarnadottir, Ragnhildur Ingibjargardottir; Iribarren, Sarah; Yoon, Sunmoo

    2016-01-01

    In this panel we discuss how nursing informatics can provide a framework for carrying out population health nursing research, using a conceptual model for nursing and population health; the Conceptual Model of Nursing and Population Health (CMNPH). The panel will provide an overview of the CMNPH and then each presenter will present findings from ongoing informatics research that provides insights to different levels of the CNMPH model. The panel is targeted towards informatics researchers who wish to use novel informatics approaches to carry out population health research.

  13. 76 FR 33416 - Proposed Information Collection (Nonprofit Research and Education Corporations (NPCs) Data...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-08

    ... AFFAIRS Proposed Information Collection (Nonprofit Research and Education Corporations (NPCs) Data.... Titles: Nonprofit Research and Education Corporations (NPCs) Data Collection: a. Nonprofit Research and Education Corporations (NPCs) PC Annual Report Template, VA Form 10-0510. b. Nonprofit Research and...

  14. Proposal for a telehealth concept in the translational research model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva, Angélica Baptista; Morel, Carlos Médicis; de Moraes, Ilara Hämmerli Sozzi

    2014-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To review the conceptual relationship between telehealth and translational research. METHODS Bibliographical search on telehealth was conducted in the Scopus, Cochrane BVS, LILACS and MEDLINE databases to find experiences of telehealth in conjunction with discussion of translational research in health. The search retrieved eight studies based on analysis of models of the five stages of translational research and the multiple strands of public health policy in the context of telehealth in Brazil. The models were applied to telehealth activities concerning the Network of Human Milk Banks, in the Telemedicine University Network. RESULTS The translational research cycle of human milk collected, stored and distributed presents several integrated telehealth initiatives, such as video conferencing, and software and portals for synthesizing knowledge, composing elements of an information ecosystem, mediated by information and communication technologies in the health system. CONCLUSIONS Telehealth should be composed of a set of activities in a computer mediated network promoting the translation of knowledge between research and health services. PMID:24897057

  15. Proposing application of results in sport and exercise research reports.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knudson, Duane; Elliott, Bruce; Hamill, Joseph

    2014-09-01

    The application of sport and exercise research findings to practice requires careful interpretation and integration of evidence. This paper reviews principles of evidence-based practice and the application of research in sports and exercise, in order to provide recommendations on developing appropriate application sections in research reports for sport and exercise journals. The strength of recommendations for application fall into one of four levels, with potential applications qualified as strong, limited, preliminary, or hypothesized. Specific limitations that should be discussed in framing recommendations for practice are also noted for each of these levels that should be useful for authors, and for practitioners and clinicians in interpreting these recommendations.

  16. UH-USA Agreement - A Telemedicine Research Proposal

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Burgess, Lawrence P; Birkmire-Peters, Deborah P

    2004-01-01

    The purpose of the University of Hawaii Telemedicine Curriculum Research Project is to develop an effective web-based curriculum for training military healthcare personnel in the use of contemporary...

  17. A More Comprehensive Index in the Evaluation of Scientific Research: The Single Researcher Impact Factor Proposal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castelnuovo, Gianluca; Limonta, Daniel; Sarmiento, Luis; Molinari, Enrico

    2010-01-01

    Good alternatives to the Impact Factor (IF) algorithm are needed. The Thomson IF represents a limited measure of the importance of an individual article because 80% of a journal's IF is determined by only the 20% of the papers published. In the past few years, several new indexes has been created to provide alternatives to the IF algorithm. These include the removal of self citations from the calculation of the IF using the Adjusted IF, Index Copernicus initiative and other modifications such as the Cited Half-Life IF, Median IF, Disciplinary IF, and Prestige Factor. There is also the Euro-Factor, born in Europe to avoid the strong US centrality, and the English language basis of the Thomson database. One possible strategy to avoid "IF supremacy" is to create a new index, the Single Researcher Impact Factor (SRIF), that would move the evaluation from the power of scientific journals to the quality of single researchers. This measure can take into account the number and quality of the traditional publications and other activities usually associated with being a researcher, such as reviewing manuscripts, writing books, and attending scientific meetings. Also, in funding policy, it might be more useful to consider the merits, contributions, and real impact of all the scientific activities of a single researcher instead of adding only the journals' IF numbers. The major aim of this paper is to propose and describe the SRIF index that could represent a novel option to evaluate scientific research and researchers. PMID:21339895

  18. Intersectional directions in working life research - a proposal

    OpenAIRE

    Paula Mulinari; Rebecca Selberg

    2013-01-01

    A central challenge to gender studies during the last 15 years has been the expanding field of intersectionality. The use of intersectional perspectives within working life research has explored how class, sexuality, and race difference affected women’s position in the labor market. The aim of this article is to argue for the need of including an intersectional perspective in the field of working life research. By taking our point of departure in the work of feminist scholars Joan Acker, Miri...

  19. GPS Technology and Human Psychological Research: A Methodological Proposal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro S. A. Wolf

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Animal behaviorists have made extensive use of GPS technology since 1991. In contrast, psychological research has made little use of the technology, even though the technology is relatively inexpensive, familiar, and widespread. Hence, its potential for pure and applied psychological research remains untapped. We describe three methods psychologists could apply to individual differences research, clinical research, or spatial use research. In the context of individual differences research, GPS technology permits us to test hypotheses predicting specific relations among patterns of spatial use and individual differences variables. In a clinical context, GPS technology provides outcome measures that may relate to the outcome of interventions designed to treat psychological disorders that, for example, may leave a person homebound (e.g. Agoraphobia, PTSD, TBI. Finally, GPS technology provides natural measures of spatial use. We, for example, used GPS technology to quantify traffic flow and exhibit use at the Arizona Sonora Desert Museum. Interested parties could easily extend this methodology some aspects of urban planning or business usage.DOI: 10.2458/azu_jmmss.v1i1.74

  20. Research and proposal on SCR reactor optimization for industrial boiler.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Yiming; Li, Jian; He, Hong

    2017-08-24

    The advanced CFD software STAR-CCM+ was used to simulate a denitrification (De-NOx) project for a boiler in this paper, and the simulation result was verified based on a physical model. Two SCR reactors were developed: reactor #1 was optimized and #2 was developed based on #1. Various indicators including gas flow field, ammonia concentration distribution, temperature distribution, gas incident angle and system pressure drop were analyzed. The analysis indicated Reactor #2 was of outstanding performance and could simplify developing greatly. Ammonia injection grid (AIG), the core component of reactor was studied; three AIGs were developed and their performances were compared and analyzed. The result indicated that AIG #3 was of the best performance. The technical indicators were proposed for SCR reactor based on the study. Flow filed distribution, gas incident angle and temperature distribution are subjected to SCR reactor shape to a great extent and Reactor #2 proposed in this paper was of outstanding performance; ammonia concentration distribution is subjected to Ammonia injection grid (AIG) shape and AIG #3 could meet the technical indicator of ammonia concentration without mounting ammonia mixer. The development above on the reactor and the AIG are both of great application value and social efficiency.

  1. Integrating Research Proposals into a Field Seminar: Feedback from Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kvarfordt, Connie L.; Carter, Irene; Park, Wansoo; Yun, Sung Hyun

    2014-01-01

    Teaching research to social work students continues to be the topic of an ongoing dialog within the profession. The literature suggests that some form of a "real-world" or "hands-on" learning opportunity has many benefits for teaching a subject that students often are reluctant to engage in. Using online survey methods,…

  2. 7 CFR 3406.20 - Evaluation criteria for research proposals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... base? Does the project address a State, regional, national, or international problem(s)? Will the... Section 3406.20 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) COOPERATIVE STATE RESEARCH, EDUCATION, AND EXTENSION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE 1890 INSTITUTION CAPACITY BUILDING...

  3. Governance and Institutions: Proposals for a Research Agenda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Valdés Ugalde

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available This article addresses the difference between the concepts of governability and governance in economics and political science. The main focus is to address basic principles of neoclassical theory in order to explore alternative research approaches for the analysis of governance in institutional building and agent relationships to rules. With this purpose, the article assesses the adequacy of explanations of citizens decision making in democracies with sharp inequalities and heterogeneous preferences.

  4. 77 FR 60997 - Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-05

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comment Request AGENCY: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, HHS. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: This notice announces the intention of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality...

  5. 78 FR 53508 - Proposed Information Collection (Nonprofit Research and Education Corporations (NPCs) Data...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-29

    ... AFFAIRS Proposed Information Collection (Nonprofit Research and Education Corporations (NPCs) Data... to ``OMB Control No. 2900-0783 (Nonprofit Research and Education Corporations (NPCs) Data Collection.... Titles: Nonprofit Research and Education Corporations (NPCs) Data Collection a. Annual Report Template...

  6. Research proposal on : amplitude modulated reflectometry system for JET divertor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sanchez, J.; Branas, T.; Estrada, T.; Luna, E. de la

    1992-12-31

    Amplitude Modulated reflectrometry is presented here as a tool for density profile measurements in the JET divertor plasmas. One of the main problems which has been presented in most reflectometers during the last years is the need for a coherent tracking of the phase delay: fast density fluctuations and strong modulation on the amplitude of the reflected signal usually bring to fringe jumps` in the phase signal, which are a big problem when the phase values are much larger than 2 pi. The conditions in the JET divertor plasmas: plasma geometry, access and long oversized broad-band waveguide paths makes very difficult the phase measurements at the millimeter wave range. AM reflectrometry is to some extension an intermediate solution between the classical phase delay reflectometry, so far applied to small distances, and the time domain reflectrometry, used for ionospheric studies and recently also proposed for fusion plasma. the main advantage is to allow the use of millimeter wave reflectometry with moderate phase shifts (approx 2 pi). (author)

  7. Research proposal on : amplitude modulated reflectometry system for JET divertor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sanchez, J.; Branas, T.; Estrada, T.; Luna, E. de la.

    1992-01-01

    Amplitude Modulated reflectrometry is presented here as a tool for density profile measurements in the JET divertor plasmas. One of the main problems which has been presented in most reflectometers during the last years is the need for a coherent tracking of the phase delay: fast density fluctuations and strong modulation on the amplitude of the reflected signal usually bring to fringe jumps' in the phase signal, which are a big problem when the phase values are much larger than 2 pi. The conditions in the JET divertor plasmas: plasma geometry, access and long oversized broad-band waveguide paths makes very difficult the phase measurements at the millimeter wave range. AM reflectrometry is to some extension an intermediate solution between the classical phase delay reflectometry, so far applied to small distances, and the time domain reflectrometry, used for ionospheric studies and recently also proposed for fusion plasma. the main advantage is to allow the use of millimeter wave reflectometry with moderate phase shifts (approx 2 pi). (author)

  8. Describing qualitative research undertaken with randomised controlled trials in grant proposals: a documentary analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Drabble, SJ; O'Cathain, A; Thomas, KJ; Rudolph, A. (Anja); Hewison, J

    2014-01-01

    Background There is growing recognition of the value of conducting qualitative research with trials in health research. It is timely to reflect on how this qualitative research is presented in grant proposals to identify lessons for researchers and research commissioners. As part of a larger study focusing on how to maximise the value of undertaking qualitative research with trials, we undertook a documentary analysis of proposals of funded studies. Methods Using the metaRegister of Controlle...

  9. [Experimental physics at Yale University: Research proposal and budget Proposal, 1 January 1992--31 December 1996

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1992-07-01

    This report reviews the following topics: nuclear and quark matter; correlated pairs from heavy ion collisions-search for new low mass resonances coupled to electron-positron collisions; proposed light ion research program; experimental nuclear astrophysics (explosive nucleosynthesis); search for rare decay modes and rare processes in nuclei; and nuclear spectroscopy at the extremes of spin, isospin, and temperature. (LSP).

  10. (Experimental physics at Yale University: Research proposal and budget Proposal, 1 January 1992--31 December 1996)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1992-01-01

    This report reviews the following topics: nuclear and quark matter; correlated pairs from heavy ion collisions-search for new low mass resonances coupled to electron-positron collisions; proposed light ion research program; experimental nuclear astrophysics (explosive nucleosynthesis); search for rare decay modes and rare processes in nuclei; and nuclear spectroscopy at the extremes of spin, isospin, and temperature. (LSP).

  11. 40 CFR 26.1125 - Prior submission of proposed human research for EPA review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Pesticides Involving Intentional Exposure of Non-pregnant, Non-nursing Adults § 26.1125 Prior submission of... human subjects; (3) The nature and magnitude of all expected benefits of such research, and to whom they... through the proposed research; and (5) The balance of risks and benefits of the proposed research. (b) All...

  12. Essential Ingredients of a Good Research Proposal for Undergraduate and Postgraduate Students in the Social Sciences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raymond Talinbe Abdulai

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available As part of the requirements for the award of degrees in higher education institutions, students at undergraduate and postgraduate levels normally carry out research, which they report in the form of dissertations or theses. The research journey commences with the selection of a research topic and the preparation of a proposal on the selected topic. Experience has shown that students tend to encounter difficulties in writing research proposals for their supervisors because they do not fully comprehend what constitutes a research proposal. The purpose of this article is to take students through a step-by-step process of writing good research proposals by discussing the essential ingredients of a good research proposal. Thus, it is not a didactic piece—the aim is to guide students in research proposal writing. In discussing these ingredients, relevant examples are provided where necessary for ease of understanding. It is expected that on reading this article, students should be able to: (a demonstrate knowledge and understanding of what research is all about and its challenging nature; (b display an enlarged comprehension of research gap(s, problem or question(s, aim, objectives, and hypotheses as well as their distinguishing characteristics; (c demonstrate a good understanding of the relevant elements to be considered in the constituent sections of a good research proposal; and (d comprehend the elements of a research proposal that should feature in the final written dissertation or thesis.

  13. Computing and Network Systems Administration, Operations Research, and System Dynamics Modeling: A Proposed Research Framework

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael W. Totaro

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Information and computing infrastructures (ICT involve levels of complexity that are highly dynamic in nature. This is due in no small measure to the proliferation of technologies, such as: cloud computing and distributed systems architectures, data mining and multidimensional analysis, and large scale enterprise systems, to name a few. Effective computing and network systems administration is integral to the stability and scalability of these complex software, hardware and communication systems. Systems administration involves the design, analysis, and continuous improvement of the performance or operation of information and computing systems. Additionally, social and administrative responsibilities have become nearly as integral for the systems administrator as are the technical demands that have been imposed for decades. The areas of operations research (OR and system dynamics (SD modeling offer system administrators a rich array of analytical and optimization tools that have been developed from diverse disciplines, which include: industrial, scientific, engineering, economic and financial, to name a few. This paper proposes a research framework by which OR and SD modeling techniques may prove useful to computing and network systems administration, which include: linear programming, network analysis, integer programming, nonlinear optimization, Markov processes, queueing modeling, simulation, decision analysis, heuristic techniques, and system dynamics modeling.

  14. The grant writer's handbook how to write a research proposal and succeed

    CERN Document Server

    Crawley, Gerard M

    2016-01-01

    The Grant Writer's Handbook: How to Write a Research Proposal and Succeed provides useful and practical advice on all aspects of proposal writing, including developing proposal ideas, drafting the proposal, dealing with referees, and budgeting. The authors base their advice on many years of experience writing and reviewing proposals in many different countries at various levels of scientific maturity. The book describes the numerous kinds of awards available from funding agencies, in particular large collaborative grants involving a number of investigators, and addresses the practical impact of a grant, which is often required of proposals. In addition, information is provided about selection of reviewers and the mechanics of organizing a research grant competition to give the proposal writer the necessary background information. The book includes key comments from a number of experts and is essential reading for anyone writing a research grant proposal.The Grant Writer's Handbook's companion website, featuri...

  15. Hyperbaric oxygen in skeletal muscle of rats submitted to total acute left hindlimb ischemia: A research report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    da Silva, Luis Gustavo Campos; Dalio, Marcelo Bellini; Joviliano, Edwaldo Edner; Feres, Omar; Piccinato, Carlos Eli

    2015-01-01

    Determine the effect of hyperbaric oxygen treatment in skeletal muscle of rats submitted to total acute left hindlimb ischemia. An experimental study was designed using 48 Wistar rats divided into four groups (n = 12): Control; Ischemia (I)--total hindlimb ischemia for 270 minutes; Hyperbaric oxygen treatment during ischemia (HBO2)--total hindlimb ischemia for 270 minutes and hyperbaric oxygen during the first 90 minutes; Pre-treatment with hyperbaric oxygen (PHBO2)--90 minutes of hyperbaric oxygen treatment before total hindlimb ischemia for 270 minutes. Skeletal muscle injury was evaluated by measuring levels of aspartate aminotransferase (AST), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), total creatine phosphokinase (CPK); muscular malondialdehyde (MDA), muscular glycogen, and serum ischemia-modified albumin (IMA). AST was significantly higher in I, HBO2 and PHBO2 compared with control (P = .001). There was no difference in LDH. CPK was significantly higher in I, HBO2 and PHBO2, compared with control (p = .014). MDA was significantly higher in PHBO2, compared with other groups (p = .042). Glycogen was significantly decreased in I, HBO2 and PHBO2, compared with control (p < .001). Hyperbaric oxygen treatment in acute total hindlimb ischemia exerted no protective effect on muscle injury, regardless of time of application. When applied prior to installation of total ischemia, hyperbaric oxygen treatment aggravated muscle injury.

  16. Describing qualitative research undertaken with randomised controlled trials in grant proposals: a documentary analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    Background There is growing recognition of the value of conducting qualitative research with trials in health research. It is timely to reflect on how this qualitative research is presented in grant proposals to identify lessons for researchers and research commissioners. As part of a larger study focusing on how to maximise the value of undertaking qualitative research with trials, we undertook a documentary analysis of proposals of funded studies. Methods Using the metaRegister of Controlled Trials (mRCT) database we identified trials funded in the United Kingdom, ongoing between 2001 and 2010, and reporting the use of qualitative research. We requested copies of proposals from lead researchers. We extracted data from the proposals using closed and open questions, analysed using descriptive statistics and content analysis respectively. Results 2% (89/3812) of trials in the mRCT database described the use of qualitative research undertaken with the trial. From these 89 trials, we received copies of 36 full proposals, of which 32 met our inclusion criteria. 25% used less than a single paragraph to describe the qualitative research. The aims of the qualitative research described in these proposals focused mainly on the intervention or trial conduct. Just over half (56%) of the proposals included an explicit rationale for conducting the qualitative research with the trial, the most frequent being to optimise implementation into clinical practice or to interpret trial findings. Key information about methods, expertise and resources was missing in a large minority of proposals, in particular sample size, type of analysis, and non-personnel resources. 28% specifically stated that qualitative researchers would conduct the qualitative research. Conclusions Our review of proposals of successfully funded studies identified good practice but also identified limited space given to describing the qualitative research, with an associated lack of attention to the rationale for

  17. Describing qualitative research undertaken with randomised controlled trials in grant proposals: a documentary analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drabble, Sarah J; O'Cathain, Alicia; Thomas, Kate J; Rudolph, Anne; Hewison, Jenny

    2014-02-18

    There is growing recognition of the value of conducting qualitative research with trials in health research. It is timely to reflect on how this qualitative research is presented in grant proposals to identify lessons for researchers and research commissioners. As part of a larger study focusing on how to maximise the value of undertaking qualitative research with trials, we undertook a documentary analysis of proposals of funded studies. Using the metaRegister of Controlled Trials (mRCT) database we identified trials funded in the United Kingdom, ongoing between 2001 and 2010, and reporting the use of qualitative research. We requested copies of proposals from lead researchers. We extracted data from the proposals using closed and open questions, analysed using descriptive statistics and content analysis respectively. 2% (89/3812) of trials in the mRCT database described the use of qualitative research undertaken with the trial. From these 89 trials, we received copies of 36 full proposals, of which 32 met our inclusion criteria. 25% used less than a single paragraph to describe the qualitative research. The aims of the qualitative research described in these proposals focused mainly on the intervention or trial conduct. Just over half (56%) of the proposals included an explicit rationale for conducting the qualitative research with the trial, the most frequent being to optimise implementation into clinical practice or to interpret trial findings. Key information about methods, expertise and resources was missing in a large minority of proposals, in particular sample size, type of analysis, and non-personnel resources. 28% specifically stated that qualitative researchers would conduct the qualitative research. Our review of proposals of successfully funded studies identified good practice but also identified limited space given to describing the qualitative research, with an associated lack of attention to the rationale for doing the qualitative research and

  18. Writing Abstracts for MLIS Research Proposals Using Worked Examples: An Innovative Approach to Teaching the Elements of Research Design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ondrusek, Anita L.; Thiele, Harold E.; Yang, Changwoo

    2014-01-01

    The authors examined abstracts written by graduate students for their research proposals as a requirement for a course in research methods in a distance learning MLIS program. The students learned under three instructional conditions that involved varying levels of access to worked examples created from abstracts representing research in the LIS…

  19. THE QUALITY OF RESEARCH GRANT PROPOSALS IN ENGLISH EDUCATION, LINGUISTICS, AND LITERATURE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bambang Yudi Cahyono

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available This article reports on the results of a research study on the quality of research grant proposals written by faculty members of the English Department of a university in East Java for the A-2 Competitive Grant Program managed by the Indonesian Directorate General of Higher Education (DGHE. This study is a descriptive research study and it describes the overall quality and the quality of the components of the research proposals. The results show that in general, most of the research proposals were of high quality. However, some of the proposals need moderate or minor revisions dealing with some aspects. Common shortcomings deal with incomplete referencing either as in-text citation or inclusion of the sources in the list of references. Other common weaknesses include the inaccuracy of research design and the unclear procedures for data analysis.

  20. Proposing a Research Methodology to Evaluate the Relation Between Training Needs Assessment and Employee Performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-01

    Research.pdf Creswell , J. W. (2012). Educational research : Planning, conducting, and evaluating quantitative and qualitative research (4th ed.). Upper...assessment processes via the Internet: System design and qualitative study. Internet Research , 16(4), 427–449. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org...Bahrain. The study design is quantitative in nature, investigating via statistical tools that propose a research methodology including a survey of

  1. 78 FR 11903 - Proposal Review Panel for Materials Research; Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-20

    ... FOUNDATION Proposal Review Panel for Materials Research; Notice of Meeting In accordance with the Federal... following meeting: Name: Site Visit review of the Materials Research Science and Engineering Center (MRSEC) at the University of Wisconsin--Madison by NSF Division of Materials Research (DMR) 1203. Dates...

  2. A proposal for an incentive tool for development of research capacity ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Unlike the SAPSE system which rewards limited categories of research output, it rewards not only a wide range of research outputs but also research-related professional activities. The RPI will be implemented at Technikon Southern Africa (TSA) from 2001. It is proposed that if cautiously implemented, it can contribute ...

  3. RESEARCH SUMMARY 1.1 Provide the full title of the proposed ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    (anonymous)

    1.3 Select the primary theme of the proposed research. Note: See the Call Document for definitions of the research themes. Select one. ... city or cities. Defined peri-urban district(s). Defined peri-urban municipality or municipalities. Other (specify) ..... 3.2 List the general and specific research objectives. Maximum 250 words.

  4. 78 FR 9108 - Proposed Information Collection (Conduct the Point-of-Care Research Questionnaire) Activity...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-07

    ... AFFAIRS Proposed Information Collection (Conduct the Point-of-Care Research Questionnaire) Activity... refer to ``OMB Control No. 2900-NEW (Conduct the Point-of-Care Research Questionnaire)'' in any... Questionnaire, VA Form 10-0557. OMB Control Number: 2900-NEW (Conduct the Point-of-Care Research Questionnaire...

  5. 78 FR 44624 - Proposed Information Collection (Conduct the Point-of-Care Research Questionnaire); Activities...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-24

    ... AFFAIRS [OMB Control No. 2900-NEW (Conduct the Point-of-Care Research Questionnaire)] Proposed Information Collection (Conduct the Point-of-Care Research Questionnaire); Activities Under OMB Review AGENCY: Veterans...) 395-7316. Please refer to ``OMB Control No. 2900-NEW (Conduct the Point of Care Research Questionnaire...

  6. EPA and California Air Resources Board disapprove Volkswagen’s Proposed Emissions Modification for model year 2012 – 2014 manual transmission diesel Passat vehicles; VW intends to submit revised proposal

    Science.gov (United States)

    EPA and CARB approve an emissions modification proposed by Volkswagen (VW) to reduce nitrogen oxides emissions from model year 2009-2014, generation 1, 2.0 liter diesel Jetta, Golf, Beetle, and Audi A3 vehicles.

  7. It's not that Education and Outreach is an afterthought, it's just the last thing I do before I submit my proposal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Helling, H. E.

    2004-12-01

    We've all seen the extensive reports about slipping public science literacy and the overwhelming need to improve the bridge between the science and education communities. By comparison, this is a report from the trenches. They'll be no federal acronyms (other than to recognize NSF for support), just some tried and proven tips, extracted from the Ocean Institute's Center for Cooperation in Research and Education, that Earth scientists can employ to more effectively meet broader impact objectives. We'll share some key lessons that have emerged from an NSF-funded informal science education project Sea Floor Science. Choose Good Partners. Finding capable and competent partners that share some benefit from your recent findings (these include some you'd expect like K-12 school districts, informal science organizations and a few you wouldn't, like art museums, libraries and Boy Scouts) is a great way to leverage your work, save you time and money. We'll share some successful examples. Be Prepared to Simplify your Work for Lay Audiences. We've learned how much scientists loathe this necessary part of the process. Our exhibition on Slopes, Slides and Tsunamis became FIRST about investigations in instability and THEN scaffolded into increasing competency in content, skills, science processes and attitudes toward science. We'll show you how to be smart without being condescending, how to simplify without compromising integrity. In the End it's about Efficiency. There are emerging translation models that will help you convert your work into something that can help K-12 students meet new rigorous science standards. We'll share our `efficiency' model with you. Involve Your Graduate Students. We'll argue that communication is a necessary part of their training and an efficient way to translate your science. (Besides, it's either them or you). Don't Undersell the Budget. Good outreach is scalable. Pick your comfort range and recognize that money invested in broader impact does not

  8. 76 FR 23603 - New Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Environmental Science Formative Research Methodology...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-27

    .... Proposed Collection Title: Environmental Science Formative Research Methodology Studies for the National... Environmental Health Sciences of the National Institutes of Health and the Centers for Disease Control and... environmental science professional organizations and practitioners, and schools and child care organizations...

  9. 76 FR 38189 - New Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Environmental Science Formative Research Methodology...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-29

    ... Collection Title: Environmental Science Formative Research Methodology Studies for the National Children's... environmental science professional organizations and practitioners, and schools and child care organizations... HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health New Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Environmental...

  10. Research proposal : The Seasonal Spatial Ecology and Movements of the Bullsnake, Pituophis catenifer

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This research proposal details a two year study of the bullsnakes (Pituophis catenifer) at Crescent Lake National Wildlife Refuge. The primary goal of this...

  11. 76 FR 32971 - Proposed Priority for the Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-07

    ... and Rehabilitation Research Project (DRRP)--Center on Knowledge Translation for Disability and... notice proposes a priority for a center on knowledge translation for disability and rehabilitation..., demonstration projects, training, and related activities, including international activities, to develop methods...

  12. 22 CFR 225.123 - Early termination of research support: Evaluation of applications and proposals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... of this policy. (b) In making decisions about supporting or approving applications or proposals... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Early termination of research support: Evaluation of applications and proposals. 225.123 Section 225.123 Foreign Relations AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL...

  13. 15 CFR 27.123 - Early termination of research support: Evaluation of applications and proposals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... terms of this policy. (b) In making decisions about supporting or approving applications or proposals... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Early termination of research support: Evaluation of applications and proposals. 27.123 Section 27.123 Commerce and Foreign Trade Office of the...

  14. Inclusion of sex and gender in biomedical research: survey of clinical research proposed at the University of Pennsylvania.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freeman, Anne; Stanko, Patrick; Berkowitz, Lily N; Parnell, Neanta; Zuppe, Anastasia; Bale, Tracy L; Ziolek, Tracy; Epperson, C Neill

    2017-01-01

    The 2015 National Institutes of Health (NIH) policy that sex be considered as a biological variable (SABV) is now a critical part of the peer-review process for NIH funding as well as publication in several high-impact scientific journals. We sought to determine the degree to which biomedical researchers at the University of Pennsylvania already consider SABV or gender in their research. We reviewed 240 research protocols approved by the University of Pennsylvania Investigational Review Board (IRB) consecutively submitted between January and July 2016. Each protocol was searched for the terms sex, gender, male, female, man, and woman and justifications related to the population under study. A PubMed search was conducted to determine the current state of knowledge regarding potential sex and/or gender differences with respect to protocol topic. Data were summarized using descriptive statistics. Of the 165 (68.8%) protocols that included one of the search terms, only 24 (14.5%) provided justification for the choice of the sex/gender of the population studied. Sixty-three percent (n = 151) of the protocols focused on topics for which the extant literature supports at least a moderate degree of sex/gender differences in some aspect of the disorder/condition being studied. Of these, only three (2.0%) indicated that the investigator would consider sex or gender impact on their primary outcomes. Review of a subset of IRB protocols submitted at a major research institution suggests that very few investigators are considering sex or gender as important variables in their clinical research at the stage of protocol development. IRBs are in an excellent position to encourage investigators to consider SABV and gender in order to enhance the rigor of research design, maximize the importance of the resulting knowledge, and ensure that subject selection is equitable. These findings serve as the basis for developing an intervention at the level of IRB protocol development and

  15. Mathematical Modelling of Some Consequences of Hurricanes: The Proposal of Research Project, Mathematical and Computational Methods

    OpenAIRE

    J. Nedoma

    2012-01-01

    The chapter "Mathematical Modelling of Some Consequences of Hurricanes: The Proposal of Research Project, Mathematical and Computational Methods. " is the part of the book "Eddies and Hurricanes: Formation, Triggers and Impact. Hauppauge : Nova Science Publishers, 2012 - (Tarasov, A.; Demidov, M.)" and it deals with mechanisms of hurricanes and their consequences. The proposal of research project and then mathematical models concerning some consequences of hurricanes are presented and discuss...

  16. How to write a competitive proposal for Horizon 2020 a research manager's handbook

    CERN Document Server

    McCarthy, Sean

    2013-01-01

    Chapter 1: An Overview of Horizon 2020 ; Chapter 2: How the Research Priorities were Selected (How to Lobby) ; Chapter 3: The Research Priorities in Horizon 2020 ; Chapter 4: How Proposals are Evaluated ; Chapter 5: How to Write the ‘Impact’ of the project ; Chapter 6: The One Page Proposal ; Chapter 7: How to Streamline Proposal Writing ; Chapter 8: How to Find the Best Partners ; Chapter 9: How to Write the ‘Implementation' of the project ; Chapter 10: Legal and Financial Rules in Horizon 2020 ; Chapter 11: What is your Strategy for Horizon 2020?

  17. A proposed key escrow system for secure patient information disclosure in biomedical research databases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferris, Todd A; Garrison, Gregory M; Lowe, Henry J

    2002-01-01

    Access to clinical data is of increasing importance to biomedical research. The pending HIPAA privacy regulations provide specific requirements for the release of protected health information. Under the regulations, biomedical researchers may utilize anonymized data, or adhere to HIPAA requirements regarding protected health information. In order to provide researchers with anonymized data from a clinical research database, we reviewed several published strategies for de-identification of protected health information. Critical analysis with respect to this project suggests that de-identification alone is problematic when applied to clinical research databases. We propose a hybrid system; utilizing secure key escrow, de-identification, and role-based access for IRB approved researchers.

  18. Aeronautics Education, Research, and Industry Alliance (AERIAL) Year 2 Report and Year 3 Proposal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowen, Brent D.; Box, Richard C.; Fink, Mary M.; Gogos, Geroge; Lehrer, Henry R.; Narayanan, Ram M.; Nickerson, Jocelyn S.; Tarry, Scott E.; Vlasek, Karisa D.

    2003-01-01

    The Aeronautics Education, Research, and Industry Alliance (AERIAL): a comprehensive, multi-faceted NASA EPSCoR 2000 initiative, contributes to the strategic research and technology priorities of NASA while intensifying Nebraska s rapidly growing aeronautics research and development endeavors. AERIAL enables Nebraska researchers to: (a) continue strengthening their collaborative relationships with NASA Field Centers, Codes, and Enterprises; (b) increase the capacity of higher education throughout Nebraska to invigorate and expand aeronautics research; and (c) expedite the development of aeronautics-related research infrastructure and industry in the state. This report contains a summary of AERIAL's activities and accomplishments during the second year of implementation. The AERIAL Year 3 proposal is also included.

  19. The need for more research on language barriers in health care: a proposed research agenda.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacobs, Elizabeth; Chen, Alice H M; Karliner, Leah S; Agger-Gupta, Niels; Mutha, Sunita

    2006-01-01

    Many U.S. residents who speak little English may face language barriers when seeking health care. This article describes what is currently known about language barriers in health care and outlines a research agenda based on mismatches between the current state of knowledge of language barriers and what health care stakeholders need to know. Three broad areas needing more research are discussed: the ways in which language barriers affect health and health care, the efficacy of linguistic access service interventions, and the costs of language barriers and efforts to overcome them. In each of these areas, we outline specific research questions and recommendations.

  20. The Need for More Research on Language Barriers in Health Care: A Proposed Research Agenda

    OpenAIRE

    Jacobs, Elizabeth; Chen, Alice Hm; Karliner, Leah S.; Agger-Gupta, Niels; Mutha, Sunita

    2006-01-01

    Many U.S. residents who speak little English may face language barriers when seeking health care. This article describes what is currently known about language barriers in health care and outlines a research agenda based on mismatches between the current state of knowledge of language barriers and what health care stakeholders need to know. Three broad areas needing more research are discussed: the ways in which language barriers affect health and health care, the efficacy of linguistic acces...

  1. 75 FR 34769 - Proposal Review Panel for Materials Research; Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-18

    ... Proposal Review Panel for Materials Research; Notice of Meeting In accordance with the Federal Advisory...: Name: Site Visit review of the Nanoscale Science and Engineering Center (NSEC) at the University of... Materials Research, Room 1065, National Science Foundation, 4201 Wilson Boulevard, Arlington, VA 22230...

  2. 78 FR 23288 - Proposed Information Collection: State Water Resources Research Institute Program; Annual...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-18

    ... research into areas of water management, development, and conservation that have a regional or national... Geological Survey Proposed Information Collection: State Water Resources Research Institute Program; Annual... collection (IC) to renew approval of the paperwork requirements for ``National Institutes for Water Resources...

  3. Call for proposals for the Joint Canada-Israel Health Research ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    23 nov. 2017 ... ... plans could include a range of activities supporting the research and training objectives of the proposal, as well as using this funding opportunity to design a collaborative international research project. The application process for this funding opportunity consists of two steps: registration and application.

  4. 76 FR 25618 - Proposed Processed Raspberry Promotion, Research, and Information Order

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-05

    ... Agricultural Marketing Service 7 CFR Part 1208 RIN 0581-AC79 Proposed Processed Raspberry Promotion, Research... raspberries for processing and importers of processed raspberries to determine whether they favor the establishment of an industry-funded promotion, research, and information program for processed raspberries. The...

  5. 78 FR 60885 - Proposed Collection; 60-Day Notice Request: Application Process for Clinical Research Training...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-02

    ... appropriate automated, electronic, mechanical, or other technological collection techniques or other forms of... submitted by candidates for training programs is reviewed initially by OCRTME administrative staff to...

  6. Research on Self-Determination in Physical Education: Key Findings and Proposals for Future Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van den Berghe, Lynn; Vansteenkiste, Maarten; Cardon, Greet; Kirk, David; Haerens, Leen

    2014-01-01

    Background: During the last 30 years, several theories of motivation have generated insights into the motives underlying learners' behavior in physical education. Self-determination theory (SDT), a general theory on social development and motivation, has enjoyed increasing popularity in physical education research during the past decade. SDT…

  7. Why and How Political Science Can Contribute to Public Health? Proposals for Collaborative Research Avenues

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gagnon, France; Bergeron, Pierre; Clavier, Carole; Fafard, Patrick; Martin, Elisabeth; Blouin, Chantal

    2017-01-01

    Written by a group of political science researchers, this commentary focuses on the contributions of political science to public health and proposes research avenues to increase those contributions. Despite progress, the links between researchers from these two fields develop only slowly. Divergences between the approach of political science to public policy and the expectations that public health can have about the role of political science, are often seen as an obstacle to collaboration between experts in these two areas. Thus, promising and practical research avenues are proposed along with strategies to strengthen and develop them. Considering the interdisciplinary and intersectoral nature of population health, it is important to create a critical mass of researchers interested in the health of populations and in healthy public policy that can thrive working at the junction of political science and public health. PMID:28949461

  8. Tables of contextual cognition: a proposal for intercultural research in science education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baptista, Geilsa Costa Santos

    2017-09-01

    The goal of this paper is to propose tables of contextual cognition as a tool for research and a model to facilitate the intercultural dialogue on science education in schools. The proposal arose from a qualitative case study, involving the use of tables of compared cognition in biology classes in a Brazilian public school. The results indicate that these tables helped students to understand relationships of similarities and differences between their previous knowledge and scientific knowledge and, equally, to delimit the original context and applicability of each of these ways of knowing. However, I perceived the need to expand these tables to gain a new meaning for the practical purposes of research and culturally sensitive science teaching. Finally, tables of contextual cognition considering these changes are proposed and I discuss the possible implications for teaching and research in science education.

  9. [Sampling in qualitative research: a proposal for procedures to detect theoretical saturation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fontanella, Bruno Jose Barcellos; Luchesi, Bruna Moretti; Saidel, Maria Giovana Borges; Ricas, Janete; Turato, Egberto Ribeiro; Melo, Débora Gusmão

    2011-02-01

    A qualitative study's methodological transparency is considered a key factor for achieving its reliability and should be guaranteed by the researchers. Closing the sampling process by saturation is a common approach, but it is rarely made explicit in research reports. Qualitative researchers also commonly experience technical difficulties in objectively identifying saturation. This article proposes a method to organize sample closing by saturation, with a sequence of eight procedural steps for treating and analyzing data collected through open or semi-structured interviews or focus groups. The article aims to help researchers objectively explain how and when saturation occurred and to allow their readers to know how this process occurred.

  10. The evaluation of criteria and subcriteria of research proposals using ANP method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muryastuti, Karina; Rosyidi, Cucuk Nur; Laksono, Pringgo Widyo

    2017-11-01

    Evaluation is needed by system which used multi criteria decision making to improve the system. In the proposal assessment process, the importance weight value of each criteria is an important factor. Based on interviews with LPPM UNS stakeholders, it was known that criteria and the weight value in the proposal selection process was obtained by a meeting among the stakeholders, i.e. Chairman of LPPM UNS, Secretary of LPPM UNS, and Department of Quality Assurance of LPPM UNS. Therefore, there are many subjectivity in the determination of the criteria and the weight. This research uses Analytic Network Process (ANP) method to evaluate the criteria and subcriteria and determine the weights. This research aims to determine the weight value for each criteria and subcriteria in research proposal selection. This research attempts to provide some new criteria and subcriteria for research proposal selection and the weight value. The criteria and sub-criteria were obtained using questionnaire and hence the resulted linkages between the criteria and subcriteria will be more accurate.

  11. 76 FR 23605 - New Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Study Logistic Formative Research Methodology Studies...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-27

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health New Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Study Logistic Formative Research Methodology Studies for the National Children's Study SUMMARY: In compliance with the...

  12. 76 FR 40379 - New Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Study Logistic Formative Research Methodology Studies...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-08

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health New Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Study Logistic Formative Research Methodology Studies for the National Children's Study SUMMARY: In compliance with the...

  13. 78 FR 37521 - Proposed Establishment of a Federally Funded Research and Development Center-Second Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-21

    .... Program/Project Management: Work within the purpose, mission, general scope, or competency as assigned by... National Institute of Standards and Technology RIN: 0693-XC014 Proposed Establishment of a Federally Funded Research and Development Center--Second Notice AGENCY: National Institute of Standards and Technology...

  14. 78 FR 42507 - Proposed Establishment of a Federally Funded Research and Development Center-Third Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-16

    .... Program/Project Management: Work within the purpose, mission, general scope, or competency as assigned by... National Institute of Standards and Technology Proposed Establishment of a Federally Funded Research and Development Center-Third Notice AGENCY: National Institute of Standards and Technology, Department of Commerce...

  15. 76 FR 23608 - Revision to Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Formative Research Methodology Studies for the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-27

    ... Vanguard Study is to assess the feasibility, acceptability, and cost of the recruitment strategy, study... analysis plan for the Main Study. The results from formative research and pilot tests proposed will inform the feasibility (scientific robustness), acceptability (burden to participants and study logistics...

  16. 78 FR 2923 - Proposed Priority-National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research-Disability and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-15

    ...--Disability and Rehabilitation Research Project--Center on Knowledge Translation for Technology Transfer CFDA...). Specifically, this notice proposes a priority for a DRRP to serve as the Center on Knowledge Translation for..., development, dissemination, utilization, and technical assistance. Additional information on the DRRP program...

  17. 76 FR 9695 - Proposed Christmas Tree Promotion, Research, and Information Order; Extension of Comment Period...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-22

    ... Agricultural Marketing Service 7 CFR Part 1214 RIN 0581-AD00 Proposed Christmas Tree Promotion, Research, and... information program for fresh cut Christmas trees is reopened and extended. The comment period is also reopen and extended for the new Christmas tree information collection requirements by the Office of...

  18. Information requirements and data description in historical social research : a proposal

    OpenAIRE

    Marker, Hans-Jörgen; Reinke, Herbert; Schurer, Kevin

    1987-01-01

    Description and documentation is one of the major prerequisites for disseminating and exchanging machine-readable historical sources and data. This proposal for description and documentation items is an attempt for standardizing information requirements in historical research; it does not give recommendations for all possible description and documentation needs, but instead attempts to set essential parameters for describing and documenting machine-readable historical ...

  19. The Threat of Proposed Patent Law Changes to the Research University.

    Science.gov (United States)

    MacCordy, Edward L.

    1994-01-01

    Proposed changes to patent law that would seriously affect university research administration are evaluated. These concern changing award of patent rights from the "first person to invent" to "first person to file patent application," establishing exemption from liability for infringement in some cases, and establishing a simplified provisional…

  20. 77 FR 21547 - Proposed Priorities; Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-10

    ... research on persons with disabilities: What we know and where we need to go. American Journal of Physical... with disabilities. Journal of Womens Health. 19(10): 1869-76. ] Proposed Priority 2--Rehabilitation... children with autism and elderly adults with dementia (Van der Loos & Reinkensmeyer, 2008). There are a...

  1. 77 FR 9896 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Application and Reports for Scientific Research...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-21

    ... to the disadvantage of such endangered species, and (3) will be consistent with the purposes and... of automated collection techniques or other forms of information technology. Comments submitted in...

  2. Reviewers' ratings and bibliometric indicators: hand in hand when assessing over research proposals?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cabezas-Clavijo, Alvaro; Robinson-García, Nicolás; Escabias, Manuel; Jiménez-Contreras, Evaristo

    2013-01-01

    The peer review system has been traditionally challenged due to its many limitations especially for allocating funding. Bibliometric indicators may well present themselves as a complement. We analyze the relationship between peers' ratings and bibliometric indicators for Spanish researchers in the 2007 National R&D Plan for 23 research fields. We analyze peers' ratings for 2333 applications. We also gathered principal investigators' research output and impact and studied the differences between accepted and rejected applications. We used the Web of Science database and focused on the 2002-2006 period. First, we analyzed the distribution of granted and rejected proposals considering a given set of bibliometric indicators to test if there are significant differences. Then, we applied a multiple logistic regression analysis to determine if bibliometric indicators can explain by themselves the concession of grant proposals. 63.4% of the applications were funded. Bibliometric indicators for accepted proposals showed a better previous performance than for those rejected; however the correlation between peer review and bibliometric indicators is very heterogeneous among most areas. The logistic regression analysis showed that the main bibliometric indicators that explain the granting of research proposals in most cases are the output (number of published articles) and the number of papers published in journals that belong to the first quartile ranking of the Journal Citations Report. Bibliometric indicators predict the concession of grant proposals at least as well as peer ratings. Social Sciences and Education are the only areas where no relation was found, although this may be due to the limitations of the Web of Science's coverage. These findings encourage the use of bibliometric indicators as a complement to peer review in most of the analyzed areas.

  3. Reviewers’ Ratings and Bibliometric Indicators: Hand in Hand When Assessing Over Research Proposals?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cabezas-Clavijo, Álvaro; Robinson-García, Nicolás; Escabias, Manuel; Jiménez-Contreras, Evaristo

    2013-01-01

    Background The peer review system has been traditionally challenged due to its many limitations especially for allocating funding. Bibliometric indicators may well present themselves as a complement. Objective We analyze the relationship between peers’ ratings and bibliometric indicators for Spanish researchers in the 2007 National R&D Plan for 23 research fields. Methods and Materials We analyze peers’ ratings for 2333 applications. We also gathered principal investigators’ research output and impact and studied the differences between accepted and rejected applications. We used the Web of Science database and focused on the 2002-2006 period. First, we analyzed the distribution of granted and rejected proposals considering a given set of bibliometric indicators to test if there are significant differences. Then, we applied a multiple logistic regression analysis to determine if bibliometric indicators can explain by themselves the concession of grant proposals. Results 63.4% of the applications were funded. Bibliometric indicators for accepted proposals showed a better previous performance than for those rejected; however the correlation between peer review and bibliometric indicators is very heterogeneous among most areas. The logistic regression analysis showed that the main bibliometric indicators that explain the granting of research proposals in most cases are the output (number of published articles) and the number of papers published in journals that belong to the first quartile ranking of the Journal Citations Report. Discussion Bibliometric indicators predict the concession of grant proposals at least as well as peer ratings. Social Sciences and Education are the only areas where no relation was found, although this may be due to the limitations of the Web of Science’s coverage. These findings encourage the use of bibliometric indicators as a complement to peer review in most of the analyzed areas. PMID:23840840

  4. Fiscal year 2013 energy department budget: Proposed investments in clean energy research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balcerak, Ernie

    2012-03-01

    Energy and environmental research programs generally fared well in President Barack Obama's proposed budget for the Department of Energy (DOE) for fiscal year (FY) 2013. In his State of the Union address, Obama called for the United States to pursue an "all of the above" energy strategy that includes fossil fuels, as well as a variety of renewable sources of energy. The DOE budget request supports that strategy, Energy Secretary Steven Chu said in a 13 February press briefing announcing the budget proposal. The proposed budget gives DOE 27.2 billion overall, a 3.2% increase from the FY 2012 enacted budget (see Table 1). This budget "reflects some tough choices," Chu said. The proposed budget would cut 4 billion in subsidies for oil and gas companies; many Republican members of Congress have already indicated that they oppose such cuts, suggesting that congressional approval of this budget may run into stumbling blocks. The budget would also cut funding for research and development projects that are already attracting private-sector investment or that are not working, and would reduce some of the department's operational costs.

  5. Why and How Political Science Can Contribute to Public Health? Proposals for Collaborative Research Avenues.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gagnon, France; Bergeron, Pierre; Clavier, Carole; Fafard, Patrick; Martin, Elisabeth; Blouin, Chantal

    2017-04-05

    Written by a group of political science researchers, this commentary focuses on the contributions of political science to public health and proposes research avenues to increase those contributions. Despite progress, the links between researchers from these two fields develop only slowly. Divergences between the approach of political science to public policy and the expectations that public health can have about the role of political science, are often seen as an obstacle to collaboration between experts in these two areas. Thus, promising and practical research avenues are proposed along with strategies to strengthen and develop them. Considering the interdisciplinary and intersectoral nature of population health, it is important to create a critical mass of researchers interested in the health of populations and in healthy public policy that can thrive working at the junction of political science and public health. © 2017 The Author(s); Published by Kerman University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

  6. A Study on Evaluation of the Biology Projects Submitted to the TUBITAK Secondary Education Research Projects Contest from the Bursa Region

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeren Özer, Dilek; Güngör, Sema Nur; Özkan, Muhlis

    2015-01-01

    This study evaluates, through the employment of scientific methods and techniques, a total of 107 Biology projects submitted by secondary education students to the Bursa Region Coordinatorship of TUBITAK (a region which encompasses the municipalities of Afyonkarahisar, Balikesir, Bilecik, Canakkale, Eskisehir, Kutahya, and Yalova). The projects…

  7. African primary care research: choosing a topic and developing a proposal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mash, Bob

    2014-02-06

    This is the first in a series of articles on primary care research in the African context. The aim of the series is to help build capacity for primary care research amongst the emerging departments of family medicine and primary care on the continent. Many of the departments are developing Masters of Medicine programmes in Family Medicine and their students will all be required to complete research studies as part of their degree. This series is being written with this audience in particular in mind--both the students who must conceptualise and implement a research project as well as their supervisors who must assist them.This article gives an overview of the African primary care context, followed by a typology of primary care research. The article then goes on to assist the reader with choosing a topic and defining their research question. Finally the article addresses the structure and contents of a research proposal and the ethical issues that should be considered.

  8. African primary care research: Choosing a topic and developing a proposal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bob Mash

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This is the first in a series of articles on primary care research in the African context. The aim of the series is to help build capacity for primary care research amongst the emerging departments of family medicine and primary care on the continent. Many of the departments are developing Masters of Medicine programmes in Family Medicine and their students will all be required to complete research studies as part of their degree. This series is being written with this audience in particular in mind – both the students who must conceptualise and implement a research project as well as their supervisors who must assist them.This article gives an overview of the African primary care context, followed by a typology of primary care research. The article then goes on to assist the reader with choosing a topic and defining their research question. Finally the article addresses the structure and contents of a  research proposal and the ethical issues that should be considered.

  9. Classical table services in commercial catering: standardization proposal and clarifications for future researches

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodolfo Wendhausen Krause

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to synthesize the scientific knowledge with the empirical knowledge of the authors of this article on the four main types/styles of individual services in gastronomic full service establishments. In addition, it seeks to, as secondary objectives, to simplify and standardize the types of classic services in restaurants. These objectives were met through a positivist methodological approach. It had as research techniques a comparative analysis and synthesis of the state of the art on the typology of classical services with the empirical knowledge of the authors. Subsequently, the validation of standardization proposal was made by a panel of evaluators. We came to simplify the services into three basic categories: French Service; Direct English Service and Platted Service. It is understood that, because it is an exploratory study, the proposal is the beginning of scientific research on the subject. Therefore, it has to be investigated in greater depth in future studies. Therefore, the research field of the mise en place is the area that greater needs research of this nature.

  10. School effectiveness research: a review of criticisms and some proposals to address them.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andres Sandoval-Hernandez

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Based on Lakato’s notion of research programmes, the paper analyses the structure of the School Effectiveness Research (SER programme and reviews the main criticisms that have arisen, stressing those regarding its objectivity and theoretical limitations. Then, some proposals are made to address these criticisms, namely: to adopt a critical realist approach to the study of SE and an Abductive Theory of Scientific Method that lead to the development of sound theory in the field. Based on this analysis the paper concludes that, in terms of Lakatos, a movement towards a new research programme is needed in order to ensure that the main objectives originally set for SER can be eventually reached.

  11. [New directions for psychotherapy research: an evaluation of a research protocol and a methodological and technical framework proposal].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Briffault, X; Thurin, M; Lapeyronnie, B; Thurin, J-M

    2007-12-01

    A recent report of the French research institute INSERM, based on a comprehensive review of the work done on the evaluation of psychotherapies Psychothérapies: trois approches évaluées, has shown the lack of research in France on this topic, notably in psychodynamic psychotherapy. The development of such research is needed. The first part of the paper deals with the limits of the third generation of studies on psychotherapy (medical model, use of RCT, DSM...) on which the INSERM report is based and reviews the existing propositions for a fourth generation of research in the field. METHODOLOGICAL FINDINGS: In the second part, a process-outcome research protocol developed by the authors, according to these new proposals as well as several on-going researches [J Clin Psychol, 27 2 (1998) 217-26, J Pragm Case Stud 3 (2000)(2), Arch Gen Psychiatry 59 (2002) 505-10, Psychother Res 12 3 (2002) 251-72 and Br J Psychiatry 165 (1994) 4-8] is presented. The proposed methodology is based on controlled single case studies. Quantitative and qualitative data are associated for the definition of the diagnosis, as well as initial, intermediate and final measures. Process analysis is used to describe the main characteristics of the on-going psychotherapy at different moments in time. It is thus possible to gain access to what is really done during the therapy and not only to what is supposed to be done, based on a manual or even on the name of the theory used by the therapist. This methodology was tested during a one-year pilot study, in true conditions of psychotherapy with outpatients. The different phases of the analysis are presented: several tools dedicated to the observation, formalisation and data analysis are integrated in a coherent iterative process during the whole therapy. The interests and limits of each tool (ESM, DSM, PPQS, Hoglend, CORE...) are described together with the first results of the pilot study. The overall architecture of a database designed to collect

  12. Proposed Project Selection Method for Human Support Research and Technology Development (HSR&TD)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Harry

    2005-01-01

    The purpose of HSR&TD is to deliver human support technologies to the Exploration Systems Mission Directorate (ESMD) that will be selected for future missions. This requires identifying promising candidate technologies and advancing them in technology readiness until they are acceptable. HSR&TD must select an may of technology development projects, guide them, and either terminate or continue them, so as to maximize the resulting number of usable advanced human support technologies. This paper proposes an effective project scoring methodology to support managing the HSR&TD project portfolio. Researchers strongly disagree as to what are the best technology project selection methods, or even if there are any proven ones. Technology development is risky and outstanding achievements are rare and unpredictable. There is no simple formula for success. Organizations that are satisfied with their project selection approach typically use a mix of financial, strategic, and scoring methods in an open, established, explicit, formal process. This approach helps to build consensus and develop management insight. It encourages better project proposals by clarifying the desired project attributes. We propose a project scoring technique based on a method previously used in a federal laboratory and supported by recent research. Projects are ranked by their perceived relevance, risk, and return - a new 3 R's. Relevance is the degree to which the project objective supports the HSR&TD goal of developing usable advanced human support technologies. Risk is the estimated probability that the project will achieve its specific objective. Return is the reduction in mission life cycle cost obtained if the project is successful. If the project objective technology performs a new function with no current cost, its return is the estimated cash value of performing the new function. The proposed project selection scoring method includes definitions of the criteria, a project evaluation

  13. A Training Program to Enhance Postgraduate Students' Research Skills in Preparing a Research Proposal in the Field of Curriculum and Instruction Methods of Arabic Language

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alfakih, Ahmed Hassan

    2017-01-01

    The study examined the impact of a training program on enhancing postgraduate students' research skills in preparing a research proposal. The nature of the skills required to prepare a research proposal were first determined using a questionnaire. A training program for improving such skills was then constructed and seven postgraduate students in…

  14. Clinical interventions for venous leg ulcers: Proposals to improve the quality of clinical leg ulcer research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lazarus, Gerald S; Kirsner, Robert S; Zenilman, Jonathan; Valle, M Frances; Margolis, David J; Cullum, Nicky; Driver, Vickie R; Gould, Lisa; Lindsay, Ellie; Tunis, Sean; Marston, William; Bass, Eric; Ennis, William; Davidson, Jeffrey; Bowden, Jeremy

    2016-09-01

    The present status of clinical leg ulcer healing research was reviewed by 25 experts over 2 days on September 28 and 29, 2015. Multiple clinical effectiveness reviews were presented suggesting that published clinical wound healing research often does not meet present (2015) evidence based standards. Specific areas requiring remediation were highlighted and approaches to overcoming existing challenges were proposed. Participants using anonymous voting technology developed an action plan to resolve perceived deficiencies. Statements were accepted if 75% of participants agreed. Older patients with a high frequency of comorbid conditions posed particular difficulties in designing clinical research protocols and better diagnostic categorization is necessary A standardized model template for collecting information about diagnosis and evaluation of the effect of interventions on healing of all types of leg ulcers was considered a high priority. Such a model template could be modified depending on the specific etiology of the leg ulcers. Generally agreed on quantifiable standards to establish degree of morbidity was considered a high priority. There was universal agreement that sources of funding and conflicts of interest needed to be disclosed in presentations and all publications. All clinical research studies should be registered with appropriate authorities. There was substantial enthusiasm for a clinical research network with quality standards for membership and an advisory research core available to investigators. Such a network should be funded and actively managed to insure long-term viability. The governance of such an entity needs to be established by the wound care community. The present trend to integrate patients into the clinical research process was endorsed and there was enthusiasm to develop patient advocacy for wound healing research. © 2016 by the Wound Healing Society.

  15. Research in experimental elementary particle physics. A proposal to the U.S. Department of Energy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Andrew P. White; Kaushik De; Paul A. Draper; Ransom Stephens

    1995-04-13

    We report on the activities of the High Energy Physics Group at the University of Texas at Arlington for the period 1994-95. We propose the continuation of the research program for 1996-98 with strong participation in the detector upgrade and physics analysis work for the D0 Experiment at Fermilab, prototyping and pre-production studies for the muon and calorimeter systems for the ATLAS Experiment at CERN, and detector development and simulation studies for the PP2PP Experiment at Brookhaven.

  16. 78 FR 27977 - Office of Biotechnology Activities; Recombinant DNA Research: Proposed Actions Under the NIH...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-13

    ... reviews can be significant without adding commensurate value in the form of additional recommendations to... principal investigator (PI) should submit regarding the safety of the previous trial. For example, an... outlined herein. The institution may also set its own policies regarding the need for the PI to inform the...

  17. Constructing Meaning from Letterforms: Reflections on the Development of a Practice-Based Research Proposal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Phil Jones

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Research paradigms are only starting to emerge in relation to art and design practice. Consequently, research design in this domain often employs perspectives and methods developed in other disciplines. This paper traces the development of a proposal that combines theories from cognitive linguistics with graphic design practice. It describes the resulting challenges to and transformations of my long-held assumptions and understanding about graphic design and the communication process. It also outlines the way in which semantic analysis (a method from cognitive linguistics will be used in conjunction with different forms of visualisation--with visualisation used as a method to generate data for analysis as well as to present findings. Finally, it argues for an engagement by designers with conceptual metaphor theory and conceptual blending theory, as a way to facilitate reflection on design practice.

  18. Place and Situated Deliberation in Participatory Planning – A Research Proposal

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Korn, Matthias

    2011-01-01

    for users in the design of such systems and (2) situating, or merely co-locating, deliberation activities within the places these discussions are concerned with. To support my argument, I outline two exemplary cases that explore this focus on place and situated deliberation to further motivate research...... in that direction. The first case concerns the different qualities of in-situ reflection and action on proposed changes to the cityscape in contrast to ex-situ reflection and action on those changes. The second case focuses on providing immersive information about citizens’ own living environment on the spot...... for everyone and everywhere through a mobile augmented reality application that visualizes future, planned buildings on capable mobile phones. I conclude with the central questions and problems for future research that focuses on place and situated deliberation....

  19. Perspectives of carers on medication management in dementia: lessons from collaboratively developing a research proposal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poland, Fiona; Mapes, Sarah; Pinnock, Hilary; Katona, Cornelius; Sorensen, Susanne; Fox, Chris; Maidment, Ian D

    2014-07-21

    The need for carers to manage medication-related problems for people with dementia living in the community raises dilemmas, which can be identified by carers and people with dementia as key issues for developing carer-relevant research projects. A research planning Public Patient Involvement (PPI) workshop using adapted focus group methodology was held at the Alzheimer's Society's national office, involving carers of people with dementia who were current members of the Alzheimer's Society Research Network (ASRN) in dialogue with health professionals aimed to identify key issues in relation to medication management in dementia from the carer viewpoint. The group was facilitated by a specialist mental health pharmacist, using a topic guide developed systematically with carers, health professionals and researchers. Audio-recordings and field notes were made at the time and were transcribed and analysed thematically. The participants included nine carers in addition to academics, clinicians, and staff from DeNDRoN (Dementias and Neurodegenerative Diseases Research Network) and the Alzheimer's Society. Significant themes, for carers, which emerged from the workshop were related to: (1) medication usage and administration practicalities, (2) communication barriers and facilitators, (3) bearing and sharing responsibility and (4) weighing up medication risks and benefits. These can form the basis for more in-depth qualitative research involving a broader, more diverse sample. The supported discussion enabled carer voices and perspectives to be expressed and to be linked to the process of identifying problems in medications management as directly experienced by carers. This was used to inform an agenda for research proposals which would be meaningful for carers and people with dementia.

  20. Proposal for training of workers and researchers as from the participatory return of research results in workers' health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferreira, Joseane Pessanha; da Silva, Claudia Osorio; Rotenberg, e Lúcia

    2012-01-01

    This study streams from a perspective of Workers' Health as a field of intervention where worker's experience on the process of illness is essential to understand and generate changes in the work process, and to contribute to develop knowledge in this area. We intended to collaborate in the training of researchers and nursing workers as a means of contributing to amplify their knowledge related to work and health conditions. As a motto to promote dialogue between researchers and workers, we organized workshops to discuss the results of an epidemiological study on the work-health relationships in nursing. Ten workshops were conducted at two federal public hospitals, in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The main aspects discussed during the workshops revealed (i) work nuances for which the questionnaire was not sufficiently sensitive, (ii) some associations between different aspects of the survey, dealt with in the questionnaires, and (iii) recognition that some aspects shown in the epidemiological results were experienced at work. One can appreciate that the proposal presented here contributed to the training of researchers and workers, amplifying their knowledge and contributing to the development of the activity.

  1. Proposed Flight Research of a Dual-Bell Rocket Nozzle Using the NASA F-15 Airplane

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Daniel S.; Bui, Trong T.; Ruf, Joseph H.

    2013-01-01

    For more than a half-century, several types of altitude-compensating rocket nozzles have been proposed and analyzed, but very few have been adequately tested in a relevant flight environment. One type of altitude-compensating nozzle is the dual-bell rocket nozzle, which was first introduced into literature in 1949. Despite the performance advantages that have been predicted, both analytically and through static test data, the dual-bell nozzle has still not been adequately tested in a relevant flight environment. This paper proposes a method for conducting testing and research with a dual-bell rocket nozzle in a flight environment. We propose to leverage the existing NASA F-15 airplane and Propulsion Flight Test Fixture as the flight testbed, with the dual-bell nozzle operating during captive-carried flights, and with the nozzle subjected to a local flow field similar to that of a launch vehicle. The primary objective of this effort is not only to advance the technology readiness level of the dual-bell nozzle, but also to gain a greater understanding of the nozzle mode transitional sensitivity to local flow-field effects, and to quantify the performance benefits with this technology. The predicted performance benefits are significant, and may result in reducing the cost of delivering payloads to low-Earth orbit.

  2. Communicology, Engineering in Social Communication and family. General notes of a research proposal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesús Galindo

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available A sketch of the research project Engineering in Social Communication and Family, part of the overall research program on Engineering and Social Communicology is presented. The note focuses on the main conceptual resources used from Communicology, a methodological program note based on life stories and discourse analysis. Also an analytical note on the first results of the first phase of the overall inquiry is presented. The research project started in 2010 will finish its first phase in 2014. The general proposal is to point out that it is possible to identify general setting profiles of communication between partners and family in synthetic models of family types. With this will be possible to construct Communiconomy schemes for intervention in family historical developments from a Social Communication Engineering perspective, identifying the main problems of communication in relationships and families, and their solutions, from the point of view of Communicology, Communiconomy and Social Engineering in Communication. The research focuses on the relationships of middle class families in southern Mexico City in the last sixty years.

  3. An ironic reductio for a 'pro-life' argument: Hurlbut's proposal for stem cell research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elliott, Kevin

    2007-02-01

    William Hurlbut, a Stanford University bioethicist and member of the President's Council on Bioethics, recently proposed a solution to the current impasse over human embryonic stem cell research in the United States. He suggested that researchers could use genetic engineering and somatic cell nuclear transfer (i.e. cloning) to develop human 'pseudo-embryos' that have no potential to develop fully into human persons. According to Hurlbut, even thinkers who typically ascribe high moral status to human embryos could approve of destroying these 'pseudo-embryos' for the sake of harvesting human embryonic stem cells. This essay argues, first, that an argument based on the 'paradox of the heap' (an argument that many 'pro-life' thinkers employ in order to defend the notion that human embryos have high moral value from the moment of conception) challenges the ethical legitimacy of Hurlbut's proposal. Second, the paper argues that this conflict may illustrate a reductio ad absurdum for this 'pro-life' argument itself rather than being a problem for Hurlbut's proposal. As a result, the paper challenges the 'pro-life'strategy of arguing that one should respond to uncertainty about the moral status of developing embryos by being morally 'cautious' and granting all human embryos full moral status from the moment of conception. It appears that one is faced with a complex series of choices (about where to draw the moral line between entities that are human persons and entities that are not), and a strict moral 'cautiousness' about this series of choices may ultimately lead to absurdity.

  4. A Proposal for Critical-Pragmatic Pedagogical Approaches to English for Research Publication Purposes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James Corcoran

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Despite the increasing demands on many multilingual scholars outside the centre(s of scientific knowledge production to publish their research in international scholarly journals, the support for such academic writing for publication is uneven at best. Existing English for research publication purposes (ERPP instruction typically aims to aid multilingual scholars in achieving genre-based expectations and/or navigating the submission and review process, but it often does not address the politics of English-language knowledge production. In this paper, informed by an empirical case study and a theory building perspective, we address the need for a sustained program of courses/workshops for multilingual scholars in the (semi- periphery and propose a means of operationalizing a critical-pragmatic approach to such course/workshop content. Our empirically-driven model is informed by the results of a recent case study investigation into an intensive ERPP intervention designed to address multilingual Spanish-speaking L1 scholars’ challenges with writing research articles for publication in indexed (Web of Science international scientific journals. Our model lays the groundwork for a more critical approach to ERPP pedagogy, one that attempts to attend more fully to the needs of multilingual scholars within an asymmetrical market of global knowledge production.

  5. The rise of empirical research in medical ethics: a MacIntyrean critique and proposal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lawrence, Ryan E; Curlin, Farr A

    2011-04-01

    Hume's is/ought distinction has long limited the role of empirical research in ethics, saying that data about what something is cannot yield conclusions about the way things ought to be. However, interest in empirical research in ethics has been growing despite this countervailing principle. We attribute some of this increased interest to a conceptual breakdown of the is/ought distinction. MacIntyre, in reviewing the history of the is/ought distinction, argues that is and ought are not strictly separate realms but exist in a close relationship that is clarified by adopting a teleological orientation. We propose that, instead of recovering a teleological orientation, society tends to generate its own goals via democratic methods like those described by Rousseau or adopt agnosticism about teleology such as described by Richard Rorty. In both latter scenarios, the distinction between is and ought is obscured, and the role for empirical research grows, but for controversial reasons. MacIntyre warns that the is/ought distinction should remain, but reminds ethicists to make careful arguments about when and why it is legitimate to move from is to ought.

  6. Developing a Decision Model for Joint Improvised Explosive Device Defeat Organization (JIEDDO) Proposal Selection

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Dawley, Lyle M; Marentette, Lenore A; Long, A. M

    2008-01-01

    This research uses decision analysis to develop a structured, repeatable and most importantly defensible decision model for the evaluation of proposed IED defeat solutions submitted to the Joint IED Defeat Organization (JIEDDO...

  7. The Journalism Agenda Guide (JAG: Proposal for Applied Research in Journalism (ARJ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josenildo Luiz Guerra

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This article proposes the Journalism Agenda Guide (JAG, a technical tool for managing journalistic content. Developed from an Applied Research in Journalism (ARJ methodology, the Guide is based on articulating concepts of Agenda Setting, Journalistic Relevance (JR, organizational productivity and Semantic Resolution (SR. The basis of the Guide is the relation between the relevance of a theme and how much space it should occupy in the news, subject to a particular organization’s production capacity. Incorporating the Guide as a tool for editorial management means adopting practices of accountability which affect both the ethical conduct an organization and its professionals adhere to and the sustainability of companies, becoming an important ally in the efforts to consolidate the credibility in journalism.

  8. Experience and Meaning in Qualitative Research: A Conceptual Review and a Methodological Device Proposal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marianne Daher

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available The relevance of experience and meaning in qualitative research is mostly accepted and is common ground for qualitative studies. However, there is an increasing trend towards trivializing the use of these notions. As a consequence, a mechanistic use of these terms has emerged within qualitative analysis, which has resulted in the loss of the original richness derived from the theoretical roots of these concepts. In this article, we aim to recover these origins by reviewing theoretical postulates from phenomenological and hermeneutic traditions and to propose their convergence in a holistic perspective. The challenge is to find the local source of meanings that will enlighten on how to understand people's experiences. This discussion is the basis for the encounter context themes (ECT methodological device, which emphasizes the importance of studying experience and meaning as part of a larger whole: the participants' life-world. Hence, ECT seeks to complement the available methodological tools for qualitatively-oriented studies, recovering—rather than re-creating—a theoretical discussion useful for current qualitative research practices.

  9. Indicators for Responsible Research and Innovation: A Methodological Proposal for Context-Based Weighting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irene Monsonís-Payá

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available In the last decade, the term Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI has rapidly attracted the attention of policy-makers and researchers of Europe, mainly due to its promotion by the European Commission (EC. The concretion of this framework of RRI has been articulated by the EC around six key areas: governance, public engagement, gender equality, science education, open access, and open science and ethics. The indicators to measure these dimensions have been proposed recently. In our opinion the set of indicators available so far has two weaknesses: a lack of context-based indicators and a need for hierarchical ordering. Our aim is to provide tools for policy- and decision-makers that might need to identify the more important indicators in a specific context. In this work, we explored how the multicriteria analysis technique Analytical Hierarchical Process (AHP can be used to prioritize indicators for RRI by involving experts in the specific context. The AHP method allowed weighting indicators according to experts in the different areas and producing four different options to select indicators. The method of AHP can be an appropriated instrument to select the most suitable indicators for RRI policies and initiatives.

  10. Right to health: A concept proposal for the operationalization of qualitative research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo D'Andrea

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Since 1988, the right to health has been the focus of research in health and law, under distinct perspectives and approaches. This study aims to propose a concept on the theme, considering the historical viewpoint and its conceptual evolution to contribute to the operationalization of qualitative research. By consulting the technical and scientific literature on the theme, starting with its regulation in the Brazilian Federal Constitution of 1988 until 2015, and using the descriptor “right to health” and the qualifier “history” to list the scientific articles and identify the perspectives studies. Four main aspects emerged from the reading of the selected articles: sociopolitical, legislative, bioethical and specific health demands that guided the discussion and elaboration of the concept right to health. It can be said that the definition of right to health demands a historical, cultural, political, economic and social framework and depends: on its regulatory organization, on its nature (individual and collective, on the moral responsibility and the acknowledgement of its enforceability.

  11. Proposal for coordinated health research in PFAS-contaminated communities in the United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bruton, Thomas A; Blum, Arlene

    2017-11-14

    The drinking water of more than six million Americans in numerous communities has been found to contain highly fluorinated chemicals at concentrations of concern. Certain of these chemicals, including perfluorooctanoic acid and perfluorooctane sulfonic acid, are known to be persistent, bioaccumulative, and associated with adverse health outcomes in humans and animal models. The possible health impacts of exposure to highly fluorinated chemicals are of great concern to communities whose water has been impacted. Community members want information, and are asking for biomonitoring, exposure pathway analysis, and health studies. Governmental agencies are striving to deal with these multiple concerns in the face of information and resource constraints. We propose the development of a high-level research strategy to maximize what can be learned about health effects of highly fluorinated chemicals and methods to reduce or eliminate exposure. We suggest coordinating the research across multiple communities for greater statistical power. If implemented, such a strategy could help to generate information and evidence integration to enable regulatory decision making and contribute to reducing future exposures.

  12. Developing Changes in Our Reading of the World: A Pedagogical Proposal from Participative Action Research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simona Trovato-Apollaro

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the results of a research conducted with the group Women of Theater from Alajuelita. The research intended to answer the question of how to develop changes in our reading of the world. The goal of our study was the co-researchers’ raising awareness process leading them, from themselves, and by means of the abovementioned group, to read, interpret and reconstruct the environment in order to yield transformations in their lives and community. Through reflection, the process was investigated on the basis of the pedagogical practices of Augusto Boal´s Theater of Oppressed (Boal, 1980, as they were applied at the theater workshop together with the group of Women of Theather, at the library of the Educative Center Los Pinos in Alajuelita. The main elements of the implemented methodology respond to the Participative Action Research (PAR, where the dialectical participative relationship and the collective discussion make it possible the creation of learning. We used audio recordings as data collection tools, which were later systematized for their analysis. The paradigmatic position assumed was inspired by an approach related to the concept of complexity. This concept proposes a holistic view of reality, life, and, so, of pedagogy. According to such a view, we all are one, and the multiplicity is interconnected with each one of its parts, in continuous entropy. Under this approach, where the world is a system of systems interconnected among themselves, the main finding was to perceive pedagogy as an instrument for humanization, a magical object capable of valuing diversity and transforming our thoughts, life styles and values, and, in consequence, our reading of the world. We considered that such an important finding might help to develop changes in human beings and might inspire us to assume an ecological perspective towards relationships. Such a perspective might give rise to deep transformations in our social, political and

  13. Proposed design for the PGAA facility at the TRIGA IPR-R1 research reactor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guerra, Bruno T; Jacimovic, Radojko; Menezes, Maria Angela Bc; Leal, Alexandre S

    2013-01-01

    This work presents an initial proposed design of a Prompt Gamma Activation Analysis (PGAA) facility to be installed at the TRIGA IPR-R1, a 60 years old research reactor of the Centre of Development of Nuclear Technology (CDTN) in Brazil. The basic characteristics of the facility and the results of the neutron flux are presented and discussed. The proposed design is based on a quasi vertical tube as a neutron guide from the reactor core, inside the reactor pool, 6 m below the room's level where shall be located the rack containing the set sample/detector/shielding. The evaluation of the thermal and epithermal neutron flux in the sample position was done considering the experimental data obtained from a vertical neutron guide, already existent in the reactor, and the simulated model for the facility. The experimental determination of the neutron flux was obtained through the standard procedure of using Au monitors in different positions of the vertical tube. In order to validate both, this experiment and calculations of the simulated model, the flux was also determined in different positions in the core used for sample irradiation. The model of the system was developed using the Monte Carlo code MCNP5. The preliminary results suggest the possibility of obtaining a beam with minimum thermal flux of magnitude 10(6) cm(-2) s(-1), which confirm the technical feasibility of the installation of PGAA at the TRIGA IPR-R1 reactor. This beam would open new possibilities for enhancing the applications using the reactor.

  14. 48 CFR 9904.420 - Accounting for independent research and development costs and bid and proposal costs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Regulations System COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS BOARD, OFFICE OF FEDERAL PROCUREMENT POLICY, OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET PROCUREMENT PRACTICES AND COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS 9904.420 Accounting for independent research and development costs and bid and proposal costs. ...

  15. The International Polar Year 2007-2008: a Preliminary Overview of Proposed Research Activities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allison, I.; Beland, M.; Members, J.

    2005-05-01

    The International Polar Year 2007-2008 (IPY 2007-2008), co-sponsored by the International Council for Science and the World Meteorological Organization, will be an intensive and internationally coordinated campaign of high quality research and observations in the polar regions. It will have an interdisciplinary emphasis, with active inclusion of the social sciences as well as natural science. The IPY 2007-2008 is intended to lay the foundation for major scientific advances in knowledge and understanding of the polar regions and their role in the functioning of the planet. IPY 2007-2008 will address six broad research themes. These are the present environmental status of the polar regions; change in the polar regions; the links and interactions between polar regions and the rest of the globe; frontiers of science in the polar regions; the polar regions as a unique vantage point to observe processes from the interior of the Earth, to the Sun and the cosmos beyond; and the culture, history, and sociology of human societies in polar regions. Details of the IPY science plan and its implementation are available in the IPY Framework document at www.ipy.org, A large number of proposals for potential IPY activities were received in January 2005 in response to a preliminary call for "Expressions of Intent". Those projects meeting the IPY criteria have been identified and are presently being developed more fully and, where appropriate, consolidated into larger projects. This presentation will provide an outline of the major scientific initiatives that are developing under the IPY 2007-2008 vision. Opportunities for participation in the developing IPY projects will be noted, as will those projects seeking additional input from new collaborators.

  16. Problem solving in physics: research review, analysis, and a methodological proposal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Helena Fávero

    2001-05-01

    Full Text Available This article presents a literature review on problem solving in Physics based on the scientific articles published in periodicals of the related field of study. The articles considered for this study were published in the period between the end of the 70`s until 1999. A categorization of the publications , according to the issue investigated, the theoretical background used, the research method adopted, the results and conclusions are considered as a starting point in order to present a research profile of the field of study. Next, this profile is discussed and analyzed , pointing out the convergent aspects that characterize the field. Taking this analysis into account, the following thesis (based on Fávero`s proposal, 2000 is defended: in order to generate tools for the teaching practice of Physics through the study of problem solving, a method that substitutes the idea of knowledge transmission in the communication processes that takes place in the classroom should be developed. This method should comprise the idea of interlocution (Vion, 2000 which focuses on social interaction as a means to reveal metacognitive regulations of the subjects, pariticipants in the process, and their development of awareness in relation to a conceptual field (Vergnaud, 1990 – Physics, in this case. The analysis of these processes considers the verbal exchanges among the subjects (Bromberg & Chabrol, 1999 developed in the situation of interaction. This thesis is supported by the articulation of concepts in Psychology, including its interface with linguistics, such as conceptual field, development of awareness and acts of speech, which are reconsidered in this study.

  17. Estimating the additionality of R&D subsidies using proposal evaluation data to control for research intentions

    OpenAIRE

    Henningsen, Morten; Hægeland, Torbjørn; Møen, Jarle

    2014-01-01

    Empirical examination of whether R&D subsidies crowd out private investments has been hampered by selection problems. A particular worry is that project quality and research intentions may be correlated with the likelihood of receiving subsidies. Using proposal evaluation data to control for research intentions, we do not find strong evidence suggesting that this type of selection creates a severe bias. Proposal evaluation grades strongly predict R&D investments and reduce...

  18. THE EFFECT OF THE INTERNAL AUDIT AND FIRM PERFORMANCE: A PROPOSED RESEARCH FRAMEWORK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ebrahim Mohammed Al-Matari

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This study attempts to propose a structure of the relationships between the internal audits characteristics (IAC; such as professional qualifications of the chief audit executive of the Internal Audit (IA, size, experience, and qualification; and firm performance. The presence of an internal audit department is significant as it is considered as the main element in employing accounting systems and this, in turn, assists in evaluating the department’s work. The internal audit is deemed as the core of business accounting as it is the section that keeps track of all businesses associated with the sector. The internal audit efficiency assists in developing the company’s work because the financial reports present the internal audit department’s quality. In addition, an internal audit is a crucial part of corporate governance structure in an organization and corporate governance (CG covers the activities of oversight conducted by the board of directors and audit committees to ensure credible financial reporting process (Public Oversight Board, 1994. Consistent with previous studies of the importance of internal audit, this study provides comprehensive oversights on the relationship between internal audit and firm performance. The past literature reveals there is a paucity of studies exploring the association between internal audit characteristics (IAC and firm performance whether conceptual or empirical. The main objective of this study is to fill up the gap in the literature and provide an opportunity for future research to deeply to investigate this relationship.

  19. Proposed research and development plan for mixed low-level waste forms

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    O`Holleran, T.O.; Feng, X.; Kalb, P. [and others

    1996-12-01

    The objective of this report is to recommend a waste form program plan that addresses waste form issues for mixed low-level waste (MLLW). The report compares the suitability of proposed waste forms for immobilizing MLLW in preparation for permanent near-surface disposal and relates them to their impact on the U.S. Department of Energy`s mixed waste mission. Waste forms are classified into four categories: high-temperature waste forms, hydraulic cements, encapsulants, and specialty waste forms. Waste forms are evaluated concerning their ability to immobilize MLLW under certain test conditions established by regulatory agencies and research institutions. The tests focused mainly on leach rate and compressive strength. Results indicate that all of the waste forms considered can be tailored to give satisfactory performance immobilizing large fractions of the Department`s MLLW inventory. Final waste form selection will ultimately be determined by the interaction of other, often nontechnical factors, such as economics and politics. As a result of this report, three top-level programmatic needs have been identified: (1) a basic set of requirements for waste package performance and disposal; (2) standardized tests for determining waste form performance and suitability for disposal; and (3) engineering experience operating production-scale treatment and disposal systems for MLLW.

  20. REQUEST FOR PROPOSAL (RFP) Amendment

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Jayne Bassett

    2013-08-01

    Aug 1, 2013 ... Each applicant must submit a comprehensive and detailed proposal in one, two, or three areas of study. (public health, agriculture, or food security), indicating the area(s) for which they are submitting a proposal. Each proposal must include a separate implementation plan and budget for each of the area(s).

  1. Fulfilling Schmidt Ocean Institute's commitment to open sharing of information, data, and research outcomes: Successes and Lessons Learned from Proposal Evaluation to Public Repositories to Lasting Achievements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, A.; Zykov, V.

    2016-02-01

    Schmidt Ocean Institute's vision is that the world's ocean be understood through technological advancement, intelligent observation, and open sharing of information. As such, making data collected aboard R/V Falkor available to the general public is a key pillar of the organization and a major strategic focus. Schmidt Ocean Institute supports open sharing of information about the ocean to stimulate the growth of its applications and user community, and amplify further exploration, discovery, and deeper understanding of our environment. These efforts are supported through partnerships with data management experts in the oceanographic community to enable standards-compliant sharing of scientific information and data collected during research cruises. To properly fulfill the commitment, proponents' data management plans are evaluated as part of the proposal process when applying for ship time. We request a thorough data management plan be submitted and expert reviewers evaluate the proposal's plan as part of the review process. Once a project is successfully selected, the chief scientist signs an agreement stating delivery dates for post-cruise data deliverables in a timely manner, R/V Falkor underway and meterological data is shared via public repositories, and links and reports are posted on the cruise webpage. This allows many more creative minds and thinkers to analyze, process, and study the data collected in the world ocean rather than privileging one scientist with the proprietary information, driving international and national scientific progress. This presentation will include the Institute's mission, vision, and strategy for sharing data, based on our Founders' passions, the process for evaluating proposed data management plans, and our partnering efforts to make data publically available in fulfillment of our commitment. Recent achievements and successes in data sharing, as well as future plans to improve our efforts will also be discussed.

  2. 78 FR 5505 - Proposal Review Panel for Materials Research; Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-25

    ...: Name: Site Visit review of the Materials Research Science and Engineering Center (MRSEC) at Yale..., Materials Research Science and Engineering Centers Program, Division of Materials Research, Room 1065... technical information; financial data, such as salaries and personal information concerning individuals...

  3. 77 FR 25503 - Proposal Review Panel for Materials Research; Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-30

    ...: Name: Site visit review of the Materials Research Science and Engineering Center (MRSEC) at the... Director, Materials Research Science and Engineering Centers Program, Division of Materials Research, Room... nature, including technical information; financial data, such as salaries and personal information...

  4. Proposed Social Spending Innovation Research (SSIR) Program: Harnessing American Entrepreneurial Talent to Solve Major U.S. Social Problems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coalition for Evidence-Based Policy, 2015

    2015-01-01

    The Social Spending Innovation Research (SSIR) proposal seeks to replicate, in social spending, the great success of the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program in technology development. The SBIR program funds technology development by entrepreneurial small companies. The program has spawned breakthrough technologies in diverse areas…

  5. Small Private Online Research: A Proposal for A Numerical Methods Course Based on Technology Use and Blended Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cepeda, Francisco Javier Delgado

    2017-01-01

    This work presents a proposed model in blended learning for a numerical methods course evolved from traditional teaching into a research lab in scientific visualization. The blended learning approach sets a differentiated and flexible scheme based on a mobile setup and face to face sessions centered on a net of research challenges. Model is…

  6. Will the proposed compensation guidelines for research-related injury spell the death knell for clinical research in India?

    OpenAIRE

    C S Pramesh; Badwe, R A

    2012-01-01

    The Indian Council of Medical Research and the Central Drugs Standards Control Organization of the Directorate General of Health Services of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare′ draft guidelines for compensation of research-related injury have evoked strong responses from the clinical research community. All stakeholders, including academic researchers, teachers in medical colleges, the pharmaceutical industry and even members of Institutional Review Boards and Ethics Committees have ex...

  7. Proposal for a holistic research approach to studying the implementation of IT

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wit, Camilla Kølsen de

    The paper is a proposal to how we can study the work process of implementing IT in radical organizational innovation projects through the use of the Critical Incident Technique (CIT).......The paper is a proposal to how we can study the work process of implementing IT in radical organizational innovation projects through the use of the Critical Incident Technique (CIT)....

  8. Will the proposed compensation guidelines for research-related injury spell the death knell for clinical research in India?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pramesh, C S; Badwe, R A

    2012-01-01

    The Indian Council of Medical Research and the Central Drugs Standards Control Organization of the Directorate General of Health Services of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare' draft guidelines for compensation of research-related injury have evoked strong responses from the clinical research community. All stakeholders, including academic researchers, teachers in medical colleges, the pharmaceutical industry and even members of Institutional Review Boards and Ethics Committees have expressed grave reservations about several clauses in the guidelines. Moreover, these two guidelines differ from each other in important areas, reiterating that more thought and discussion is necessary to refine the guidelines. We present an academic researcher's perspective of the guidelines and our views on how they will affect clinical research in the country. The paper covers the types of research-related injury that are entitled for compensation, controversies on whether injury resulting from standard care should be entitled for compensation, whether causality needs to be established as a prerequisite for eligibility for compensation and whether all forms of research should have mandatory provision for compensation. We also put forward the potential dangers of such recommendations, which could potentially be inducement for patients to participate in clinical research. Finally, we raise the philosophical issue of infringement of an individual's fundamental rights regarding what research he/she wishes to participate in. While these points are based on several formal and informal discussions with stakeholders from various fields of clinical research, the views expressed are the authors' own personal thoughts.

  9. Research for food and health in Europe: themes, needs and proposals

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    McCarthy, Mark

    2011-09-29

    Abstract Background Diet, in addition to tobacco, alcohol and physical exercise, is a major factor contributing to chronic diseases in Europe. There is a pressing need for multidisciplinary research to promote healthier food choices and better diets. Food and Health Research in Europe (FAHRE) is a collaborative project commissioned by the European Union. Among its tasks is the description of national research systems for food and health and, in work reported here, the identification of strengths and gaps in the European research base. Methods A typology of nine research themes was developed, spanning food, society, health and research structures. Experts were selected through the FAHRE partners, with balance for individual characteristics, and reported using a standardised template. Results Countries usually commission research on food, and on health, separately: few countries have combined research strategies or programmes. Food and health are also strongly independent fields within the European Commission\\'s research programmes. Research programmes have supported food and bio-technology, food safety, epidemiological research, and nutritional surveillance; but there has been less research into personal behaviour and very little on environmental influences on food choices - in the retail and marketing industries, policy, and regulation. The research is mainly sited within universities and research institutes: there is relatively little published research contribution from industry. Discussion National food policies, based on epidemiological evidence and endorsed by the World Health Organisation, recommend major changes in food intake to meet the challenge of chronic diseases. Biomedical and biotechnology research, in areas such as \\'nutrio-genomics\\

  10. Proposing a Center on Aging and Well-Being: Research, Education, and Practice Considerations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindenbach, Jeannette M.; Jessup-Falcioni, Heather

    2016-01-01

    This environmental scan aimed to discover research interests and educational needs of faculty, graduate, and undergraduate students to inspire research, education, and practice in the development of a center on aging and well-being for older adults. The scan consisted of a search of university faculty and researchers regarding research on aging; a…

  11. 76 FR 66367 - Joint Biomedical Laboratory Research and Development and Clinical Science Research and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-26

    ...... December 14, 2011... The Sheraton Crystal City. The addresses of the hotel and VA Central Office are: The... quality, budget, safety and mission relevance of investigator-initiated research proposals submitted for...

  12. Will the proposed compensation guidelines for research-related injury spell the death knell for clinical research in India?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C S Pramesh

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The Indian Council of Medical Research and the Central Drugs Standards Control Organization of the Directorate General of Health Services of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare′ draft guidelines for compensation of research-related injury have evoked strong responses from the clinical research community. All stakeholders, including academic researchers, teachers in medical colleges, the pharmaceutical industry and even members of Institutional Review Boards and Ethics Committees have expressed grave reservations about several clauses in the guidelines. Moreover, these two guidelines differ from each other in important areas, reiterating that more thought and discussion is necessary to refine the guidelines. We present an academic researcher′s perspective of the guidelines and our views on how they will affect clinical research in the country. The paper covers the types of research-related injury that are entitled for compensation, controversies on whether injury resulting from standard care should be entitled for compensation, whether causality needs to be established as a prerequisite for eligibility for compensation and whether all forms of research should have mandatory provision for compensation. We also put forward the potential dangers of such recommendations, which could potentially be inducement for patients to participate in clinical research. Finally, we raise the philosophical issue of infringement of an individual′s fundamental rights regarding what research he/she wishes to participate in. While these points are based on several formal and informal discussions with stakeholders from various fields of clinical research, the views expressed are the authors′ own personal thoughts.

  13. Developing Online Course Portal to Improve Teachers’ Competency in Creating Action Research (CAR) Proposal Using Learning Management System (LMS) Moodle

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muhtar, A. A.

    2017-02-01

    Online course can offer flexible and easy way to improve teachers’ competency in conducting education research, especially in classroom action research (CAR). Teachers can attend the course without physically present in the class. This research aims to (1) develop online course portal to improve teachers’ competency in creating CAR proposal, and (2) produce proper online course portal validated and evaluated from four aspects: learning process, content, graphic user interface and programming. Online course in this research developed using Learning Management System (LMS) Moodle. The research model is using modified Borg & Gall Research and Development (R&D) started from preliminary studies, designing product, creating product, and evaluation. Product validated by three experts from three universities. Research subjects for field test are seven teachers as participants from different schools in several provinces in Indonesia. Based on expert validation and field test results, the product developed in this research categorized as “very good” in all aspects and it is suitable for teacher to improve their competency in creating CAR proposal. Online course portal produced in this research can be used as a proper model for online learning in creating CAR proposal.

  14. Descriptive Summaries of the Research Development Test & Evaluation Army Appropriation FY 1983. Supporting Data FY 1983, Budget Estimate Submitted to Congress February 1982, Volume I.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-02-01

    Areas of critical concern are cell energy end oxygen use, hormone alterations, immunity, circulatory regulation and cell structure organization, and...toxicity screens and one full-scale toxicity study using vegetation, mammals , wildlife, domestic, and aquatic animals. Limited laboratory studies of in situ...VA; Southern Research Institute, Birmingham, AL; Mine Safety Appliance , Pittsburgh, PA; Midwest Research Institute, Kansas City, NO; and Bendix

  15. IDRC Doctoral Research Awards

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    test

    Example of the letter required by IDRC: Reference: IDRC Awards competition: John Smith (Please indicate the title of the award.) a) As research supervisor of Mr. John Smith, I confirm that I approve and support the research proposal submitted by the candidate. b) Mr. Smith has successfully completed the following course(s):.

  16. 78 FR 39017 - Proposal Review Panel for Materials Research, Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-28

    ...: Name: Site visit review of the Materials Research Science and Engineering Center (MRSEC) at the.... Chuck Bouldin, Program Director, Materials Research Science and Engineering Centers Program, Division of..., including technical information; financial data, such as salaries and personal information concerning...

  17. 77 FR 56236 - Proposal Review Panel for Materials Research; Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-12

    ...: Name: Site visit review of the Materials Research Science and Engineering Center (MRSEC) at the... Science and Engineering Centers Program, Division of Materials Research, Room 1065, National Science... technical information; financial data, such as salaries and personal information concerning individuals...

  18. 77 FR 2096 - Proposal Review Panel for Materials Research; Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-13

    ...: Name: Site visit review of the Materials Research Science and Engineering Center (MRSEC) at..., Program Director, Materials Research Science and Engineering Centers Program, Division of Materials..., including technical information; financial data, such as salaries and personal information concerning...

  19. 78 FR 40519 - Proposal Review Panel for Materials Research; Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-05

    ...: Name: Site visit review of the Materials Research Science and Engineering Center (MRSEC) at the.... Charles Ying, Program Director, Materials Research Science and Engineering Centers Program, Division of... a proprietary or confidential nature, including technical information; financial data, such as...

  20. 75 FR 9001 - Proposal Review Panel for Materials Research; Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-26

    ...: Name: Site visit review of the Materials Research Science and Engineering Center (MRSEC) at Colorado.... Contact Person: Dr. Charles Ying, Program Director, Materials Research Science and Engineering Centers... nature, including technical information; financial data, such as salaries and personal information...

  1. 78 FR 30342 - Proposal Review Panel for Materials Research; Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-22

    ...: Name: Site visit review of the Materials Research Science and Engineering Center (MRSEC) at Duke.... Jones, Program Director, Materials Research Science and Engineering Centers Program, Division of... confidential nature, including technical information; financial data, such as salaries and personal information...

  2. 77 FR 2095 - Proposal Review Panel for Materials Research; Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-13

    ...: Name: Site visit review of the Materials Research Science and Engineering Center (MRSEC) at Georgia... Science and Engineering Centers Program, Division of Materials Research, Room 1065, National Science..., including technical information; financial data, such as salaries and personal information concerning...

  3. 77 FR 61432 - Proposal Review for Materials Research; Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-09

    ...: Name: Site visit review of the Materials Research Science and Engineering Center (MRSEC) at Harvard... Engineering Centers Program, Division of Materials Research, Room 1065, National Science Foundation, 4201... technical information; financial data, such as salaries and personal information concerning individuals...

  4. 77 FR 41431 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request: Impact of Clinical Research Training and Medical Education...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-13

    ... Research Training and Medical Education at the Clinical Center on Physician Careers in Academia and... Collection Title: The Impact of Clinical Research Training and Medical Education at the Clinical Center on... Office of Clinical Research Training and Education, and the Clinical Center Director. This information...

  5. 77 FR 55863 - Proposal Review Panel for Materials Research; Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-11

    ...: Name: Site visit review of the Materials Research Science and Engineering Center (MRSEC) at Princeton... Research Science and Engineering Centers Program, Division of Materials Research, Room 1065, National... information; financial data, such as salaries and personal information concerning individuals associated with...

  6. 77 FR 61433 - Proposal Review Panel for Materials Research; Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-09

    ...: Name: Site visit review of the Materials Research Science and Engineering Center (MRSEC) at the... Research Science and Engineering Centers Program, Division of Materials Research, Room 1065, National... proprietary or confidential nature, including technical information; financial data, such as salaries and...

  7. 76 FR 61707 - Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-05

    ... will provide the grantees with technical assistance regarding research design, data collection, data... attitudes related to research activities and grant requirements, changes in their research itself (design... designed to capture a combination of quantitative and qualitative data. No claim is made that the results...

  8. Research for food and health in Europe: themes, needs and proposals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    McKenna Brian

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Diet, in addition to tobacco, alcohol and physical exercise, is a major factor contributing to chronic diseases in Europe. There is a pressing need for multidisciplinary research to promote healthier food choices and better diets. Food and Health Research in Europe (FAHRE is a collaborative project commissioned by the European Union. Among its tasks is the description of national research systems for food and health and, in work reported here, the identification of strengths and gaps in the European research base. Methods A typology of nine research themes was developed, spanning food, society, health and research structures. Experts were selected through the FAHRE partners, with balance for individual characteristics, and reported using a standardised template. Results Countries usually commission research on food, and on health, separately: few countries have combined research strategies or programmes. Food and health are also strongly independent fields within the European Commission's research programmes. Research programmes have supported food and bio-technology, food safety, epidemiological research, and nutritional surveillance; but there has been less research into personal behaviour and very little on environmental influences on food choices - in the retail and marketing industries, policy, and regulation. The research is mainly sited within universities and research institutes: there is relatively little published research contribution from industry. Discussion National food policies, based on epidemiological evidence and endorsed by the World Health Organisation, recommend major changes in food intake to meet the challenge of chronic diseases. Biomedical and biotechnology research, in areas such as 'nutrio-genomics', 'individualised' diets, 'functional' foods and 'nutri-pharmaceuticals' appear likely to yield less health benefit, and less return on public investment, than research on population-level interventions

  9. Research for food and health in Europe: themes, needs and proposals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCarthy, Mark; Aitsi-Selmi, Amina; Bánáti, Diána; Frewer, Lynn; Hirani, Vasant; Lobstein, Tim; McKenna, Brian; Mulla, Zenab; Rabozzi, Giulia; Sfetcu, Raluca; Newton, Rachel

    2011-09-29

    Diet, in addition to tobacco, alcohol and physical exercise, is a major factor contributing to chronic diseases in Europe. There is a pressing need for multidisciplinary research to promote healthier food choices and better diets. Food and Health Research in Europe (FAHRE) is a collaborative project commissioned by the European Union. Among its tasks is the description of national research systems for food and health and, in work reported here, the identification of strengths and gaps in the European research base. A typology of nine research themes was developed, spanning food, society, health and research structures. Experts were selected through the FAHRE partners, with balance for individual characteristics, and reported using a standardised template. Countries usually commission research on food, and on health, separately: few countries have combined research strategies or programmes. Food and health are also strongly independent fields within the European Commission's research programmes. Research programmes have supported food and bio-technology, food safety, epidemiological research, and nutritional surveillance; but there has been less research into personal behaviour and very little on environmental influences on food choices - in the retail and marketing industries, policy, and regulation. The research is mainly sited within universities and research institutes: there is relatively little published research contribution from industry. National food policies, based on epidemiological evidence and endorsed by the World Health Organisation, recommend major changes in food intake to meet the challenge of chronic diseases. Biomedical and biotechnology research, in areas such as 'nutrio-genomics', 'individualised' diets, 'functional' foods and 'nutri-pharmaceuticals' appear likely to yield less health benefit, and less return on public investment, than research on population-level interventions to influence dietary patterns: for example policies to reduce

  10. Reviewers??? ratings and bibliometric indicators: hand in hand when assessing over research proposals?

    OpenAIRE

    Alvaro Cabezas-Clavijo; Nicolás Robinson-García; Manuel Escabias; Evaristo Jiménez-Contreras

    2013-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The peer review system has been traditionally challenged due to its many limitations especially for allocating funding. Bibliometric indicators may well present themselves as a complement. OBJECTIVE: We analyze the relationship between peers' ratings and bibliometric indicators for Spanish researchers in the 2007 National R&D Plan for 23 research fields. METHODS AND MATERIALS: We analyze peers' ratings for 2333 applications. We also gathered principal investigators' research outpu...

  11. 78 FR 4464 - Proposal Review Panel for Materials Research; Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-22

    ... Engineering Centers Program, Division of Materials Research, Room 1065, National Science Foundation, 4201... nature, including technical information; financial data, such as salaries and personal information...

  12. 78 FR 19535 - Proposal Review Panel for Materials Research; Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-01

    ... Science and Engineering Centers Program, Division of Materials Research, Room 1065, National Science... proprietary or confidential nature, including technical information; financial data, such as salaries and...

  13. 78 FR 14480 - Proposed Priority-National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research-Rehabilitation...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-06

    ... professional rehabilitation specialists and researchers from minority backgrounds; higher rates of poverty and... more, or adversely affect a sector of the economy, productivity, competition, jobs, the environment...

  14. 75 FR 68529 - Proposed Christmas Tree Promotion, Research, and Information Order; Referendum Procedures

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-08

    ... a simple majority of the eligible domestic producers and importers voting in the referendum. These... concerning this proposed rule. Comments can be made on the Internet at http://www.regulations.gov or to the... public on the Internet at the address provided above. Pursuant to the Paperwork Reduction Act (PRA), send...

  15. An Investigation of Proposed Revisions to Section 3 of the TOEFL Test. TOEFL Research Report 47.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schedl, Mary; And Others

    The Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) program is exploring a change in Section 3 of the TOEFL test that would replace the vocabulary subpart with additional reading comprehension questions. This study investigated the proposed revision in terms of the length and timing that would be necessary to address concerns of test speededness of…

  16. Proposal for Teaching Evolutionary Biology: A Bridge between Research and Educational Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alvarez Pérez, Eréndira; Ruiz Gutiérrez, Rosaura

    2016-01-01

    We present quantitative results for the doctoral thesis of the first-named author of this article. The objective was to recommend and test a teaching proposal for core knowledge of evolutionary biology in secondary education. The focus of the study is "Problem cores in teaching". The "Weaving evolutionary thinking" teaching…

  17. The Language of Media and the Cultivation of Mental Skills. A Report on Three Years of Research Submitted to the Spencer Foundation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salomon, Gavriel

    This report presents two research studies. The first, an experiment using 176 fifth graders, tested three hypotheses: (1) When content is held constant across messages, different formats of a medium differentially call for mental skills. (2) Formats which call for the same skills in different ways affect learners differently. (3) The TV formats…

  18. Radioprotective drugs: a synopsis of current research and a proposed research plan for the Federal Emergency Management Agency. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hickman, R.; Anspaugh, L.

    1985-04-01

    FEMA has broad roles in the management of disasters potentially involving substantial amounts of radioactive contamination. These could be either peacetime or wartime disasters. A meeting was held in March 1985 to see if there are any research contributions that FEMA might reasonably make in the area of radioprotective drugs that would substantially enhance its ability to perform its mission. The other federal agencies presently sponsoring research in the field were represented at the meeting. A few selected researchers also participated to provide complementary viewpoints. Activities of a modest scale that FEMA might undertake were identified, as were larger scale activities that might be undertaken in the event of long-term, major funding-level increases for FEMA. 2 refs.

  19. 77 FR 58871 - Proposal Review Panel for Materials Research; Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-24

    ... Research Science and Engineering Centers Program, Division of Materials Research, Room 1065, National... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION... Committee Act (Pub. L. 92- 463 as amended), the National Science Foundation announces the following meeting...

  20. Integration in CLIL: A Proposal to Inform Research and Successful Pedagogy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Llinares, Ana

    2015-01-01

    Research on content and language integrated learning (CLIL) has expanded substantially in the last 10 years. While research interests have predominantly focused on language learning outcomes and the comparison between CLIL and English as a foreign language (EFL) students' competence in the foreign language, recent studies have called for the need…

  1. 75 FR 7985 - Blueberry Promotion, Research, and Information Order; Withdrawal of a Proposed Rule

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-23

    ... Agricultural Marketing Service 7 CFR Part 1218 Blueberry Promotion, Research, and Information Order; Withdrawal... 36955), to amend the Blueberry Promotion, Research, and Information Order (Order) by increasing the... blueberries annually from $12 to $24 per ton. The Order is administered by the U.S. Highbush Blueberry Council...

  2. 77 FR 19362 - Proposal Review Panel for Materials Research, Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-30

    ...: Name: Site visit review of the Materials Research Science and Engineering Center (MRSEC) at the.... Jones, Program Director, Materials Research Science and Engineering Centers Program, Division of...; financial data, such as salaries and personal information concerning individuals associated with the MRSEC...

  3. 77 FR 6826 - Proposal Review Panel for Materials Research; Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-09

    ...: Name: Site visit review of the Materials Research Science and Engineering Center (MRSEC) at the... and Engineering Centers Program, Division of Materials Research, Room 1065, National Science... information of a proprietary or confidential nature, including technical information; financial data, such as...

  4. 75 FR 18240 - Proposal Review Panel for Materials Research Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-09

    ...: Name: Site visit review of the Materials Research Science and Engineering Center (MRSEC) at Brandeis...: Thomas Rieker, Program Director, Materials Research Science and Engineering Centers Program, Division of... confidential nature, including technical information; financial data, such as salaries and personal information...

  5. 77 FR 57161 - Proposal Review Panel for Materials Research; Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-17

    ...: Name: Site visit review of the Materials Research Science and Engineering Center (MRSEC) at Brandeis.... Contact Person: Dr. Mary E. Galvin, Program Director, Materials Research Science and Engineering Centers... proprietary or confidential nature, including technical information; financial data, such as salaries and...

  6. 77 FR 14441 - Proposal Review Panel for Materials Research; Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-09

    ...: Name: Site visit review of the Materials Research Science and Engineering Center (MRSEC) at New York... Engineering Centers Program, Division of Materials Research, Room 1065, National Science Foundation, 4201... technical information; financial data, such as salaries and personal information concerning individuals...

  7. 75 FR 4876 - Proposal Review Panel for Materials Research; Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-29

    ...: Name: Site visit review of the Materials Research Science and Engineering Center (MRSEC) at the Georgia... Person: Dr. Thomas Rieker, Program Director, Materials Research Science and Engineering Centers Program... confidential nature, including technical information; financial data, such as salaries and personal information...

  8. 77 FR 57162 - Proposal Review Panel for Materials Research; Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-17

    ...: Name: Site visit review of the Materials Research Science and Engineering Center (MRSEC) at The Ohio... Science and Engineering Centers Program, Division of Materials Research, Room 1065, National Science... include information of a proprietary or confidential nature, including technical information; financial...

  9. 77 FR 29696 - Proposal Review Panel for Materials Research; Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-18

    ... Research Science and Engineering Center (MRSEC) at the University of Chicago by the Division of Materials... Engineering Centers Program, Division of Materials Research, Room 1065, National Science Foundation, 4201... technical information; financial data, such as salaries and personal information concerning individuals...

  10. 75 FR 18241 - Proposal Review Panel for Materials Research Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-09

    ...: Name: Site Visit review of the Nanoscale Science and Engineering Center (NSEC) at the University of... Research Science and Engineering Centers Program, Division of Materials Research, Room 1065, National... technical information; financial data, such as salaries and personal information concerning individuals...

  11. 77 FR 20852 - Proposal Review Panel for Materials Research; Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-06

    ...: Name: Site visit review of the Nanoscale Science and Engineering Center (NSEC) at the University of... Research Science and Engineering Centers Program, Division of Materials Research, Room 1065, National... proprietary or confidential nature, including technical information; financial data, such as salaries and...

  12. A proposal for ethical research conduct in Madagascar | Wilmé ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ethical conducts are gaining importance in times of increased globalization and research efforts. This paper presents a code of ethical conduct for researchers who plan to publish their studies with the journal Madagascar Conservation & Development. This paper will be subject to continuous adaptations and discussions.

  13. Department of the Army Justification of Estimates for Fiscal Year 1979 Submitted to Congress January 1978. Research Development, Test and Evaluation, Army

    Science.gov (United States)

    1978-01-01

    ttOISA LARSE CAL AND NUCLEAR TECHMOLOCT UMkA AOV CONCEPTS LAB CfACONl (Ml M017A SMALL CAL AND FIRE CNTRL TECHNOLOGY M«1M...Weapons Effects. e. Defense Mapping Agency - Cathode Ray Tube Printhood Explotation Software; Prototype Production System; Development of Ground...locating hostile artillery, mortars, and rockets in both the firing and non- firing modes (HOWLS). • 55 Section 6 (Contd) FEDERAL CONTRACT RESEARCH

  14. Gallium Nitride (GaN) Monolithic Microwave Integrated Circuit (MMIC) Designs Submitted to Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL) Sponsored Qorvo Fabrication

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-07-01

    are extremely important in any communication system that must operate reliably and efficiently in continually crowded spectrums, with multiple purposes...voltage-controlled oscillator Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. 15 1 DEFENSE TECHNICAL ( PDF ) INFORMATION CTR DTIC...OCA 2 DIRECTOR ( PDF ) US ARMY RESEARCH LAB RDRL CIO L IMAL HRA MAIL & RECORDS MGMT 1 GOVT PRINTG OFC ( PDF ) A MALHOTRA 10 DIR

  15. Under what conditions does explicit knowledge of a second language facilitate the acquisition of implicit knowledge? A research proposal

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hulstijn, J.H.; de Graaff, R.

    1994-01-01

    This paper proposes nine hypotheses fur empirical research aiming to assess under which conditions explicit grammar instruction helps the acquisition of implicit knowledge of a second language. The results of empirical studies, designed m the basis of these hypothesis, may replace the unqualified

  16. Detecting the simulation profile in MMPI-2: A proposal based on research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guadalupe Sánchez Crespo

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to offer a profile detector of the falsifications that could be done to the MMPI-2. We propose minimal changes in the reversed order of the direct punctuations of L y K and the addition of four new specific scales: Odecp, Ds-r, S, F-K. Two groups were used: a control group, composed by normal and clinical subgroups who answered to the MMPI-2 according to standard procedure, and an experimental group, composed by three subgroups with different answer instructions: to give a good image, a bad image or an inconsistent answer. The result is a profile with the proposed scales of validity that initially allow the detection of different falsifications by the subjects when answering the MMPI-2 test.

  17. Research Proposal for an Experiment to Search for the Decay {\\mu} -> eee

    CERN Document Server

    Blondel, A.; Pohl, M.; Bachmann, S.; Berger, N.; Kiehn, M.; Schoning, A.; Wiedner, D.; Windelband, B.; Eckert, P.; Schultz-Coulon, H.-C.; Shen, W.; Fischer, P.; Peric, I.; Hildebrandt, M.; Kettle, P.-R.; Papa, A.; Ritt, S.; Stoykov, A.; Dissertori, G.; Grab, C.; Wallny, R.; Gredig, R.; Robmann, P.; Straumann, U.

    2013-01-01

    We propose an experiment (Mu3e) to search for the lepton flavour violating decay mu+ -> e+e-e+. We aim for an ultimate sensitivity of one in 10^16 mu-decays, four orders of magnitude better than previous searches. This sensitivity is made possible by exploiting modern silicon pixel detectors providing high spatial resolution and hodoscopes using scintillating fibres and tiles providing precise timing information at high particle rates.

  18. Proposed Missions and Organization of the U.S. Army Research, Development and Engineering Command

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-01-01

    successfully employed in many industries and by many companies, including Pittsburgh Steel, IBM, Unilever , and Ford. Each of these organizations fine- tuned...inclusion on integrated product/process teams, source selection committees, and the writing teams that draft contracts, requests for proposals, and other...employed by many companies, such as Pittsburgh Steel, IBM, Unilever , and Ford, which have fine-tuned the matrix to suit their particular goals and

  19. 48 CFR 31.205-18 - Independent research and development and bid and proposal costs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION GENERAL CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS CONTRACT COST PRINCIPLES AND PROCEDURES... determine and exploit the potential of scientific discoveries or improvements in technology, materials..., (2) applied research, (3) development, and (4) systems and other concept formulation studies. The...

  20. 78 FR 65452 - Proposed Information Collection (Veterans, Researchers, and IRB Members Experiences With...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-31

    ... understand Veterans' preferences on research recruitment methods. The data will be published in peer-review... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS... Recruitment Restrictions); Comment Request AGENCY: Veterans Health Administration, Department of Veterans...

  1. 76 FR 20673 - Announcement of Notice; Proposed Establishment of a Federally Funded Research and Development...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-13

    ... sponsor a studies and analysis, Delivery System, Simulations, and Cost Modeling Federally Funded Research..., requirements, procedures, and analytic support. Design and Engineering, including Technical Architecture... structured and unstructured data architecture; and Understanding key DHHS organizations and their specific...

  2. 76 FR 28042 - Announcement of Notice; Proposed Establishment of a Federally Funded Research and Development...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-13

    ... analysis, delivery system, simulations, and cost modeling Federally Funded Research and Development Center... including technical architecture direction. Procurement assistance, review/recommendations for current... an integrated DHHS approach to systems solutions and structured and unstructured data architecture...

  3. Design Recommendations for Concrete Tunnel Linings : Volume II. Summary of Research and Proposed Recommendations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-11-01

    The report presents design recommendations for concrete tunnel linings for transportation tunnels. The recommendations developed as a result of in-depth analysis and model testing of the behavior of concrete tunnel linings. The research addressed pro...

  4. 78 FR 44135 - Proposed Collection; 60-Day Comment Request: Application for the Postdoctoral Research Associate...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-23

    ... of Management and Budget (OMB) for review and approval. Written comments and/or suggestions from the... program is to develop leaders in designated emerging areas of biomedical research for key positions in...

  5. 76 FR 34713 - Proposed Establishment of a Federally Funded Research and Development Center-Third Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-14

    ...: Strategic/tactical planning including assisting with planning for future CMS program policy, innovation.... Organizational planning including functional and gap analysis. Research and development, assessment of new technologies and advice on medical and technical innovation and health information. Continuous process...

  6. The Origins of Children's Growth and Fixed Mindsets: New Research and a New Proposal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haimovitz, Kyla; Dweck, Carol S

    2017-11-01

    Children's mindsets about intelligence (as a quality they can grow vs. a trait they cannot change) robustly influence their motivation and achievement. How do adults foster "growth mindsets" in children? One might assume that adults act in ways that communicate their own mindsets to children. However, new research shows that many parents and teachers with growth mindsets are not passing them on. This article presents a new perspective on why this is the case, and reviews research on adult practices that do instill growth mindsets, concluding that a sustained focus on the process of learning is critical. After discussing key implications and promising future directions, we consider the topic in the context of important societal issues, like high-stakes testing. © 2017 The Authors. Child Development © 2017 Society for Research in Child Development, Inc.

  7. Linking teaching and research: establishing a proposal for training polytechnic school faculty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vellozo, V; Martins, M I; do Nascimento, R B

    1999-11-01

    Based on the experience of a teacher training program entitled Program for Continuing Education of Polytechnic Faculty (PAETEC) developed by the Escola Politécnica de Saúde Joaquim Vemâncio (EPSJV/FIOCRUZ), this article is intended to contribute to the discussion of alternatives for continuing vocational teacher education programs. In the search for new on-the-job teacher training models fostering interaction between the educational process and research activity, the experience employs a strategy based on the construction of an integrated methodology allowing teachers to reflect on their own practices and turn them into the object of their research.

  8. INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY STRATEGIC ALIGNMENT: ANALYSIS OF ALIGNMENT MODELS AND PROPOSALS FOR FUTURE RESEARCH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabrício Sobrosa Affeldt

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Information Technology (IT is a resource capable of supporting businesses, which provides agile operations and mobility and decision support tools. The link between IT and business strategy has been studied regarding the best fitted model to improve company performance. This paper analyzes, through bibliographic research, the strategic alignment concept and the evolution of the strategic alignment theoretical models that are considered references in this area. The paper presents a comparison between these referential models and some perspectives for future research related IT strategic alignment.

  9. The impact of electronic information resource use on research output

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The selection of the sample universities was purposive. ... This was demonstrated in the increased number of proposals prepared, submitted and funded, research reports submitted, journal articles published and chapters in books and books published with increased access to and use of electronic information resources.

  10. Development of a Technology Transfer Score for Evaluating Research Proposals: Case Study of Demand Response Technologies in the Pacific Northwest

    Science.gov (United States)

    Estep, Judith

    Investment in Research and Development (R&D) is necessary for innovation, allowing an organization to maintain a competitive edge. The U.S. Federal Government invests billions of dollars, primarily in basic research technologies to help fill the pipeline for other organizations to take the technology into commercialization. However, it is not about just investing in innovation, it is about converting that research into application. A cursory review of the research proposal evaluation criteria suggests that there is little to no emphasis placed on the transfer of research results. This effort is motivated by a need to move research into application. One segment that is facing technology challenges is the energy sector. Historically, the electric grid has been stable and predictable; therefore, there were no immediate drivers to innovate. However, an aging infrastructure, integration of renewable energy, and aggressive energy efficiency targets are motivating the need for research and to put promising results into application. Many technologies exist or are in development but the rate at which they are being adopted is slow. The goal of this research is to develop a decision model that can be used to identify the technology transfer potential of a research proposal. An organization can use the model to select the proposals whose research outcomes are more likely to move into application. The model begins to close the chasm between research and application--otherwise known as the "valley of death". A comprehensive literature review was conducted to understand when the idea of technology application or transfer should begin. Next, the attributes that are necessary for successful technology transfer were identified. The emphasis of successful technology transfer occurs when there is a productive relationship between the researchers and the technology recipient. A hierarchical decision model, along with desirability curves, was used to understand the complexities of the

  11. 77 FR 64952 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; State Government Research and Development (R&D...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-24

    ... of its continuing effort to reduce paperwork and respondent burden, invites the general public and... definitions, concepts, and procedures. The collection covers the expenditures of all agencies in the fifty... of Science and Technology Policy and other science policy makers; institutional researchers; and...

  12. 77 FR 65533 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; National Estuarine Research Reserve System...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-29

    ... applied to solve coastal management problems, the people who need to use the science must be involved in... intended users of the science into the research process so that their perspectives can inform problem... Reserves around the country to solicit their perspective about the program and how it has been implemented...

  13. 78 FR 18933 - Proposed Priority-National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research-Advanced...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-28

    ... (ARRT) program under the Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers Program... action to ensure that NIDRR's resources are appropriately allocated across the three outcome domains of... disabilities across the domains of community living and participation, employment, and health and function...

  14. 76 FR 14034 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request; A Generic Submission for Formative Research, Pretesting...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-15

    ..., understood, and accepted by their target audiences. Since OAR is responsible for matching advocates to NCI..., phone, in-person, and web surveys) methodologies to conduct this research, allowing NCI to: (1) Understand characteristics (attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors) of the intended target audience and use this...

  15. A new tool to evaluate proposals for climate change research in U.S. wilderness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peter Landres

    2009-01-01

    The effects of climate change are increasingly apparent and scientists from nearly every discipline are calling for more monitoring and research. Many have suggested that wilderness would be an excellent place to conduct such work because it has escaped many of the smaller-scale anthropogenic environmental insults that occur in other areas. Also, change in the...

  16. Design-based research and doctoral students: Guidelines for preparing a dissertation proposal

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Herrington, Jan; Montgomerie, C.; McKenney, Susan; Seale, J.; Reeves, Thomas C.; Oliver, Ron

    2007-01-01

    At first glance, design-based research may appear to be such a long-term and intensive approach to educational inquiry that doctoral students, most of whom expect to complete their Ph.D. degree in 4-5 years, should not attempt to adopt this approach for their doctoral dissertations. In this paper,

  17. NanoSTAIR: A new strategic proposal to impulse standardization in nanotechnology research

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ipiña, J.M.L. de; Salvi, O.; Hazebrouck, B.; Jovanovic, A.; Carre, F.; Saamanen, A.; Brouwer, D.; Schmitt, M.; Martin, S.

    2015-01-01

    Nanotechnology is considered one of the key technologies of the 21st century within Europe and a Key-Enabling Technology (KET) by Horizon 2020. Standardization has been identified in H2020 as one of the innovation-support measures by bridging the gap between research and the market, and helping the

  18. 76 FR 23609 - New Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Biospecimen and Physical Measures Formative Research...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-27

    ... Development* to conduct a national longitudinal study of environmental influences (including physical... development, researchers will be better able to understand the role these factors have on health and disease... and Human Development (NICHD), the National Institutes of Health (NIH) will publish periodic summaries...

  19. Proposing Ethical Practice Standards for Community-Engaged Research in Health Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stellefson, Michael; Paige, Samantha R.; Alber, Julia M.; Barry, Adam E.; James, Delores

    2015-01-01

    "The Belmont Report" was written in 1979 to address the abuse of human participants in biomedical research. In the report, three ethical principles were described: (1) "beneficence," which describes an act of charity or kindness that maximizes possible benefits while minimizing possible harms; (2) "justice," described…

  20. Proposal for multivariary indicators for the evaluation of researchers in social sciences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina Restrepo-Arango

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available This research analyzes the academic performance of researchers in the social sciences based on the units of analysis of scientific production, teaching, professional participation and academic recognition. This model was applied to a stratified random sample of 240 (12% social science researchers belonging to the National System of Researchers (SNI of Mexico. Data were collected from the academic curricula, analyzed using multivariate techniques using correspondence analysis and chi-square test (X2 at a significance level of 0.05 and 1 degree of freedom. SPSS version 20 for Windows was used to process the data. The results show that scientific production is significantly associated with chapters of books, books and articles published in national journals. Teaching is significantly associated with participation in doctoral thesis committees, doctoral exams and doctoral thesis reader. Professional participation is significantly associated with participations in book presentations, in round tables, as a commentator, guest speaker in national institutions and opinion of articles. Academic recognition is significantly associated with academic awards, honoris causa and recognitions as distinctions.

  1. 78 FR 2919 - Proposed Priority-National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research-Disability and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-15

    ... disability access within its general structure--a change from the current, more inaccessible structure, where... structure. Table 1--Research Questions of Importance in Developing Accessible Cloud and Web Computing... over time, as management. technology evolves. How to make software more easily Software architecture...

  2. 78 FR 14947 - Proposed Priorities-National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research-Disability and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-08

    ... research and development that reduces the digital divide between people with and without disabilities...., & Lopez, A. J. (2010). A multidimensional analysis of the disability digital divide: Some evidence for... action likely to result in a rule that may-- (1) Have an annual effect on the economy of $100 million or...

  3. 75 FR 51439 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Application and Reports for Scientific Research...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-20

    ...; Application and Reports for Scientific Research and Enhancement Permits Under the Endangered Species Act... longline fishery. II. Method of Collection Paper logbooks and electronic reports are required from.... Estimated Number of Respondents: 756. Estimated Time per Response: Logbook reports, 1 hour; vessel...

  4. 78 FR 13325 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Research on Evacuating Persons With Mobility...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-27

    ... discussion that will lead to guidance for designers and building managers on aspects of fire evacuation that... fire evacuations. This research aims to provide guidance to designers and building managers on aspects...) Building managers and designated safety personnel from a sample of four to ten existing and new federal...

  5. From Research “Involving” Humans to Research “Affecting” Humans: A Proposal for a Principled Expansion of Research Ethics’ Jurisdiction to Create Traction for a Philosophy of Technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Madelaine Saginur

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The field of research ethics offers a new approach to addressing the issues created by the unchecked development of technology. Research ethics could make a contribution, both substantively and procedurally, to help create a framework for reviewing the social and political consequences of actual or proposed technological developments. This paper puts forth a proposal for a principled expansion of research ethics’ jurisdiction, specifically a move from “Research Involving Humans” to “Research Affecting Humans”, and undertakes a case study of “Web 2.0” to analyze whether a philosophy of technology based on research ethics might work.

  6. Methodological proposal for occupational health and safety actions in research laboratories with nanotechnologies activities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andrade, Luís Renato Balbão; Amaral, Fernando Gonçalves

    2012-01-01

    Nanotechnologies is a multidisciplinary set of techniques to manipulate matter on nanoscale level, more precisely particles below 100 nm whose characteristic due to small size is essentially different from those found in macro form materials. Regarding to these new properties of the materials there are knowledge gaps about the effects of these particles on human organism and the environment. Although it still being considered emerging technology it is growing increasingly fast as well as the number of products using nanotechnologies in some production level and so the number of researchers involved with the subject. Given this scenario and based on literature related, a comprehensive methodology for health and safety at work for researching laboratories with activities in nanotechnologies was developed, based on ILO structure guidelines for safety and health at work system on which a number of nanospecific recommendations were added to. The work intends to offer food for thought on controlling risks associated to nanotechnologies.

  7. Proposal for a data publication and citation framework when sharing biomedical research resources.

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, Shan; Ganzinger, Matthias; Hurdle, John F; Knaup, Petra

    2013-01-01

    Research data and biospecimen repositories are valuable resources for biomedical investigators. Sharing these resources has great potential benefits including efficient use of resources, avoiding duplicate experiments, gathering adequate sample sizes, and promoting collaboration. However, concerns from data producers about difficulties of getting proper acknowledgement for their data contributions are increasingly becoming obstacles for efficient and large-scale data sharing in reality. In this research project we analyzed the inadequacy of current policy-based solution for promoting data sharing. The recommendations in this paper emphasize data publication and citation. This project aims to promote the acknowledgement of data contributors with realizable informatics tools that augment informal policy-level strategies, and do so in a way that promotes data sharing.

  8. Effect Of Independence And Competence The Quality Of Internal Audit Proposing A Research Framework

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Usman

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to examine the effect of competence independence the quality of internal audit at the regional inspectorate officers. Common problems in this research are the findings of the audit were not detected by the apparatus inspectorate as an internal auditor but was found by the external auditor in this case the Supreme Audit Agency BPK. Operationally variable of this research is reinforced by several indicators. Variable independence has three main indicators including independent organizational individual objectivity and reporting. While variable competence of internal auditors will be strengthened into five indicators namely knowledge expertise skills education and experience. To improve the quality of internal audit can be done by increasing the independence of the internal auditor internal auditor independence higher it will improve the quality of internal audit. Similarly if a variable internal auditor competence of internal auditors is increasing the quality of internal audit at the regional inspectorate will also increase.

  9. PROPOSAL FOR THE FORMULATION AND IMPLEMENTATION OF AN INNOVATION STRATEGY IN RESEARCH GROUPS. APPLICATION IN A RESEARCH GROUP IN AGRIBUSINESS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gina Lia Orozco Mendoz

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes the results of an investigation, which was aimed the formulation and generation of a plan for implementing an innovation strategy by application the methodology of Melissa Schilling, 2010, in a research group in agribusiness of a university of the city of Medellin- Colombia. As a result, was obtained: a the identification of gaps of technological and innovation in the group, the definition of the key elements for the construction of its strategic direction, b the classification of projects in derivatives, platform, rupture and advanced within the project Map tool R & D&i. c analysis and establishment of forms of collaboration for each project, d the establishment of mechanisms to protect innovation, finally, were applied methodologies to determine a plan for implementing the innovation strategy, such as, tools for generating new services and products, choice of organizational forms of project teams and the identification of the performance parameters of curves in “S”, to analyze and understand the spreading of their future innovations. The results of this project enabled the group to generate a strategic plan consistent with their abilities.

  10. Bridging clinical investigators and statisticians: writing the statistical methodology for a research proposal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adams-Huet, Beverley; Ahn, Chul

    2009-12-01

    Clinical investigators often find the thought of writing the statistical analysis plan daunting. Early collaboration between the clinical investigator and statistician can improve the study design and validity of the results by developing the statistical methodology that specifically addresses the research hypothesis. With the clinical investigator, a statistician often writes the statistical methods section that includes sample size and power analyses, randomization and blinding procedures, interim analysis, and data monitoring plans, in addition to the statistical analysis plan. To make this process less mysterious, we describe how the statistical methods section is developed in collaboration with a statistician.

  11. Study of Flowering Pattern in Setaria viridis, a Proposed Model Species for C4 Photosynthesis Research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Govinda Rizal

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Green foxtail millet (Setaria viridis has NADP-ME type of C4 photosynthesis. Because of its short life cycle, small genome size of ~515 Mb, small plant stature, high number of seed set, simple growth requirements, and wide adaptability, this diploid (2n=18 weed is proposed to be a model species for the study of C4 photosynthesis. It is also a representative of bioenergy grasses and a model for genetic study of invasive weeds. Despite having all traits of a model species, it is difficult to cross-pollinate because its flowering behavior is not well studied. We used time lapse digital recording to study the flowering time and pattern along a single panicle. We found that flowering in Setaria was triggered by the darkness of the night and when the temperature was lower than 35°C. The anthesis of all the spikelets in a panicle took up-to three nights flowering from 9:30 pm to 10:00 am in the morning. Each spikelet has three phases of anthesis during which pollination occurs. A spikelet remains open for less than three hours. The pollination time for each spikelet is less than 60 minutes. Information from this study will facilitate the geneticists and plant breeders to plan for efficient crossing of Setaria.

  12. Research proposal on: amplitude modulated reflectometry system for the JET divertor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sanchez, J.; Branas, B.; Estrada, T.; Luna, E. de la

    1992-07-01

    Amplitude Modulated reflectometry is presented here as a tool for density profile measurements in the JET divertor plasmas. One of the main problems which has been present in most reflectometers during the last years is the need for a coherent tracking of the phase delay: fast density fluctuations and strong modulation on the amplitude of the reflected signal usually bring to fringe jumps in the phase signal, which are a big problem when the phase values are much larger than 2{pi} The conditions in the JET divertor plasmas: plasma geometry, access and long oversized broad- band waveguide paths makes very difficult the phase measurements at the millimeter wave range. AM reflectometry is to some extension an intermediate solution between the classical phase delay reflectometry, so far applied to small distances, and the time domain reflectometry, used for onospheric studies and recently also proposed for fusion plasmas. The main advantage is to allow the use of millimeter wave reflectometry with moderate phase shifts ( {approx} 2{pi} ). (Author) 2 refs.

  13. Proposal for a European Public Health Research Infrastructure for Sharing of health and Medical administrative data (PHRIMA).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burgun, Anita; Oksen, Dina V; Kuchinke, Wolfgang; Prokosch, Hans-Ulrich; Ganslandt, Thomas; Buchan, Iain; van Staa, Tjeerd; Cunningham, James; Gjerstorff, Marianne L; Dufour, Jean-Charles; Gibrat, Jean-Francois; Nikolski, Macha; Verger, Pierre; Cambon-Thomsen, Anne; Masella, Cristina; Lettieri, Emanuele; Bertele, Paolo; Salokannel, Marjut; Thiebaut, Rodolphe; Persoz, Charles; Chêne, Geneviève; Ohmann, Christian

    2015-01-01

    In Europe, health and medical administrative data is increasingly accumulating on a national level. Looking further than re-use of this data on a national level, sharing health and medical administrative data would enable large-scale analyses and European-level public health projects. There is currently no research infrastructure for this type of sharing. The PHRIMA consortium proposes to realise the Public Health Research Infrastructure for Sharing of health and Medical Administrative data (PHRIMA) which will enable and facilitate the efficient and secure sharing of healthcare data.

  14. Electromagnetic interference impact of the proposed emitters for the High Frequency Active Auroral Research Program (HAARP). Interim report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Robertshaw, G.A.; Snyder, A.L.; Weiner, M.M.

    1993-05-14

    The proposed HAARP emitters at the Gakona (Alaska) preferred site and at the Clear AFS (Alaska) alternative site are the Ionospheric Research Instrument (IRI), the Incoherent Scatter Radar (ISR), and the Vertical Incidence Sounder(VIS). The electromagnetic interference (EMI) impact of those emitters on receiving systems in the vicinity of the sites is estimated in this study. The results are intended for use as an input to the Air Force Environmental Impact Statement as part of the Environmental Impact Analysis Process.

  15. Proposal for research and education: joint lectures and practicals on central nervous system anatomy and physiology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kageyama, Ikuo; Yoshimura, Ken; Satoh, Yoshihide; Nanayakkara, Chinthani D; Pallegama, Ranjith W; Iwasaki, Shin-Ichi

    2016-07-01

    We coordinated anatomy and physiology lectures and practicals to facilitate an integrated understanding of morphology and function in a basic medical science program for dental students and to reduce the time spent on basic science education. This method is a means to provide the essential information and skills in less time. The overall impression was that the practice of joint central nervous system lectures and practicals was an efficient method for students, which suggests that joint lectures might also be useful for clinical subjects. About two-thirds of students felt that the joint anatomy and physiology lecture on the central nervous system was useful and necessary in understanding the relationship between morphology and function, at least for this subject. One-third of students were neutral on the effectiveness of this method. However, the survey results suggest that improvements are needed in the method and timing of joint lectures and practicals. The present teaching approach can be further improved by conducting combined lectures in which the form and function of anatomic structures are presented by the relevant departments during the same lecture. Finally, joint lecturers and practicals offer an opportunity to increase student understanding of the importance of new research findings by the present authors and other researchers.

  16. A PROPOSAL FOR A SUSTAINABLE MODEL BASED UPON UNDERWATER TOURISM RESEARCH IN AYVALIK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. GÖKDENİZ

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Underwater sports are the activities being done with the aims of witnessing the beauties, hunting, taking photos, the ecology and the archaeology of underwater analysing or finding out the human being’s boundaries by improving the physical and psychological skills of men. The initial aim of this project is to increase the underwater flora and the fauna heritage of Ayvalık and to bring them in tourism. Ayvalık is on the west coast of Turkey. It is getting more and more famous with its underwater richness. Also, to form a new underwater sports centre in order to contribute to the improvement of the region. By providing visual attractiveness, the tourists related to underwater sports will pay attention to Ayvalık and underwater tourism will contribute much to the economy of the region. The aim of this project is to improve the underwater sports which is now a hobby than a sport. In Ayvalık Underwater World study, we dealt with 247 divers and 4 underwater sports club. In this study, we analysed the expectation, satisfaction, demographic and economic level of 247 divers about the services in the region. Interview technique has been used in the study on the 4 underwater sports clubs which are hosting divers. As a conclusion, a report has been prepared in which detailed information and proposals are presented by developing a sustainable marketing model concerned with the underwater sports for those who want to possess information, shareholders of the sector and make analyse about tourism.

  17. The PHARMS (Patient Held Active Record of Medication Status) feasibility study: a research proposal.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Walsh, Elaine

    2018-01-08

    Medication errors are a major source of preventable morbidity, mortality and cost and many occur at the times of hospital admission and discharge. Novel interventions (such as new methods of recording medication information and conducting medication reconciliation) are required to facilitate accurate transfer of medication information. With existing evidence supporting the use of information technology and the patient representing the one constant in the care process, an electronic patient held medication record may provide a solution. This study will assess the feasibility of introducing a patient held electronic medication record in primary and secondary care using the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR).This feasibility study is a mixed method study of community dwelling older adult patients admitted to an urban secondary care facility comprising a non-randomised intervention and qualitative interviews with key stakeholders. Outcomes of interest include clinical outcomes and process evaluation.This study will yield insights pertaining to feasibility, acceptability and participation for a more definitive evaluation of the intervention. The study also has the potential to contribute to knowledge of implementation of technology in a healthcare context and to the broader area of implementation science.

  18. Prevalence and determinants of burnout syndrome among physicians in Cameroon: a research proposal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feteh, Vitalis Fambombi; Njim, Tsi; Nji, Miriam A M; Ayeah, Chia Mark; Sama, Carlson-Babila; Tianyi, Frank Leonel

    2017-10-25

    Burnout syndrome is a common psychological state, that may affect human healthcare providers due to their prolonged exposure to job stressors. Burnout can hinder optimal healthcare delivery. Hence this study aims to determine the prevalence and correlates of burnout syndrome amongst physicians in Cameroon. Specifically: (1) to determine the prevalence of burnout syndrome amongst Cameroonian doctors. (2) To identify potential determinants of burnout among Cameroonian doctors. (3) To compare the prevalence and determinants of burnout among specialist physicians and general practitioners in Cameroon. This cross-sectional study will include a minimum of 335 doctors working in five regions of Cameroon. Consenting physicians will be consecutively recruited and data on sociodemographic and work characteristics will be collected via a printed self-administered questionnaire and burnout will be assessed using the Maslach Burnout Inventory. Data will be analysed using Epi Info version 7 and a p value burnout syndrome. Physicians' mental health is largely neglected in developing countries like Cameroon. Data from this research will help inform practitioners on the magnitude of the problem and favour the development of policies that improve the mental health of care-providers.

  19. Environmental Sustainability and Energy-Efficient Supply Chain Management: A Review of Research Trends and Proposed Guidelines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Piera Centobelli

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper conducts a structured review on the topic of energy efficiency and environmental sustainability in the supply chain management context to define research trends on the topic and identify research gaps. The review is carried out using the largest databases of peer-reviewed literature (Scopus and Web of Science. A sample of 122 papers focusing on the topic of energy-efficient and sustainable supply chain management was selected and analyzed through descriptive and content analysis. The review highlights that despite there is a growing research trend on the topic, different research gaps remain to be covered. These gaps concern the factors influencing energy efficiency and environmental sustainability initiatives, the classification of energy efficiency and environmental sustainability initiatives, the impact of energy efficiency and environmental sustainability on supply chain performance, the customer perspective in sustainable and energy-efficient supply chain, and the different technologies supporting the energy efficiency and environmental sustainability initiatives. The research gaps and the research questions identified offer the opportunity to identify areas of investigation to design future research directions and propose guidelines in the field of supply chain management.

  20. Research funding. Big names or big ideas: do peer-review panels select the best science proposals?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Danielle; Agha, Leila

    2015-04-24

    This paper examines the success of peer-review panels in predicting the future quality of proposed research. We construct new data to track publication, citation, and patenting outcomes associated with more than 130,000 research project (R01) grants funded by the U.S. National Institutes of Health from 1980 to 2008. We find that better peer-review scores are consistently associated with better research outcomes and that this relationship persists even when we include detailed controls for an investigator's publication history, grant history, institutional affiliations, career stage, and degree types. A one-standard deviation worse peer-review score among awarded grants is associated with 15% fewer citations, 7% fewer publications, 19% fewer high-impact publications, and 14% fewer follow-on patents. Copyright © 2015, American Association for the Advancement of Science.

  1. XBT data collected by the Commonwealth Scientific Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO), and submitted to the Global Temperature-Salinity Profile Program (GTSPP), dates range from February 01, 2011 to December 31, 2011 (NODC Accession 0086084)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Physical data were collected using XBT profiles in the Indian Ocean from February 01, 2011 to December 31, 2011. Data were collected and submitted by the Australian...

  2. Clinical subtypes of chronic traumatic encephalopathy: literature review and proposed research diagnostic criteria for traumatic encephalopathy syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montenigro, Philip H; Baugh, Christine M; Daneshvar, Daniel H; Mez, Jesse; Budson, Andrew E; Au, Rhoda; Katz, Douglas I; Cantu, Robert C; Stern, Robert A

    2014-01-01

    The long-term consequences of repetitive head impacts have been described since the early 20th century. Terms such as punch drunk and dementia pugilistica were first used to describe the clinical syndromes experienced by boxers. A more generic designation, chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), has been employed since the mid-1900s and has been used in recent years to describe a neurodegenerative disease found not just in boxers but in American football players, other contact sport athletes, military veterans, and others with histories of repetitive brain trauma, including concussions and subconcussive trauma. This article reviews the literature of the clinical manifestations of CTE from 202 published cases. The clinical features include impairments in mood (for example, depression and hopelessness), behavior (for example, explosivity and violence), cognition (for example, impaired memory, executive functioning, attention, and dementia), and, less commonly, motor functioning (for example, parkinsonism, ataxia, and dysarthria). We present proposed research criteria for traumatic encephalopathy syndrome (TES) which consist of four variants or subtypes (TES behavioral/mood variant, TES cognitive variant, TES mixed variant, and TES dementia) as well as classifications of 'probable CTE' and 'possible CTE'. These proposed criteria are expected to be modified and updated as new research findings become available. They are not meant to be used for a clinical diagnosis. Rather, they should be viewed as research criteria that can be employed in studies of the underlying causes, risk factors, differential diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of CTE and related disorders.

  3. Clinical subtypes of chronic traumatic encephalopathy: literature review and proposed research diagnostic criteria for traumatic encephalopathy syndrome

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    The long-term consequences of repetitive head impacts have been described since the early 20th century. Terms such as punch drunk and dementia pugilistica were first used to describe the clinical syndromes experienced by boxers. A more generic designation, chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), has been employed since the mid-1900s and has been used in recent years to describe a neurodegenerative disease found not just in boxers but in American football players, other contact sport athletes, military veterans, and others with histories of repetitive brain trauma, including concussions and subconcussive trauma. This article reviews the literature of the clinical manifestations of CTE from 202 published cases. The clinical features include impairments in mood (for example, depression and hopelessness), behavior (for example, explosivity and violence), cognition (for example, impaired memory, executive functioning, attention, and dementia), and, less commonly, motor functioning (for example, parkinsonism, ataxia, and dysarthria). We present proposed research criteria for traumatic encephalopathy syndrome (TES) which consist of four variants or subtypes (TES behavioral/mood variant, TES cognitive variant, TES mixed variant, and TES dementia) as well as classifications of ‘probable CTE’ and ‘possible CTE’. These proposed criteria are expected to be modified and updated as new research findings become available. They are not meant to be used for a clinical diagnosis. Rather, they should be viewed as research criteria that can be employed in studies of the underlying causes, risk factors, differential diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of CTE and related disorders. PMID:25580160

  4. A method for addressing research gaps in HTA, developed whilst evaluating robotic-assisted surgery: a proposal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ballini Luciana

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background When evaluating health technologies with insufficient scientific evidence, only innovative potentials can be assessed. A Regional policy initiative linking the governance of health innovations to the development of clinical research has been launched by the Region of Emilia Romagna Healthcare Authority. This program, aimed at enhancing the research capacity of health organizations, encourages the development of adoption plans that combine use in clinical practice along with experimental use producing better knowledge. Following the launch of this program we developed and propose a method that, by evaluating and ranking scientific uncertainty, identifies the moment (during the stages of the technology's development where it would be sensible to invest in research resources and capacity to further its evaluation. The method was developed and tested during a research project evaluating robotic surgery. Methods A multidisciplinary panel carried out a 5-step evaluation process: 1 definition of the technology's evidence profile and of all relevant clinical outcomes; 2 systematic review of scientific literature and outline of the uncertainty profile differentiating research results into steady, plausible, uncertain and unknown results; 3 definition of the acceptable level of uncertainty for investing research resources; 4 analysis of local context; 5 identification of clinical indications with promising clinical return. Results Outputs for each step of the evaluation process are: 1 evidence profile of the technology and systematic review; 2 uncertainty profile for each clinical indication; 3 exclusion of clinical indications not fulfilling the criteria of maximum acceptable risk; 4 mapping of local context; 5 recommendations for research. Outputs of the evaluation process for robotic surgery are described in the paper. Conclusions This method attempts to rank levels of uncertainty in order to distinguish promising from hazardous

  5. A method for addressing research gaps in HTA, developed whilst evaluating robotic-assisted surgery: a proposal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ballini, Luciana; Minozzi, Silvia; Negro, Antonella; Pirini, Giampiero; Grilli, Roberto

    2010-09-20

    When evaluating health technologies with insufficient scientific evidence, only innovative potentials can be assessed. A Regional policy initiative linking the governance of health innovations to the development of clinical research has been launched by the Region of Emilia Romagna Healthcare Authority. This program, aimed at enhancing the research capacity of health organizations, encourages the development of adoption plans that combine use in clinical practice along with experimental use producing better knowledge. Following the launch of this program we developed and propose a method that, by evaluating and ranking scientific uncertainty, identifies the moment (during the stages of the technology's development) where it would be sensible to invest in research resources and capacity to further its evaluation. The method was developed and tested during a research project evaluating robotic surgery. A multidisciplinary panel carried out a 5-step evaluation process: 1) definition of the technology's evidence profile and of all relevant clinical outcomes; 2) systematic review of scientific literature and outline of the uncertainty profile differentiating research results into steady, plausible, uncertain and unknown results; 3) definition of the acceptable level of uncertainty for investing research resources; 4) analysis of local context; 5) identification of clinical indications with promising clinical return. Outputs for each step of the evaluation process are: 1) evidence profile of the technology and systematic review; 2) uncertainty profile for each clinical indication; 3) exclusion of clinical indications not fulfilling the criteria of maximum acceptable risk; 4) mapping of local context; 5) recommendations for research.Outputs of the evaluation process for robotic surgery are described in the paper. This method attempts to rank levels of uncertainty in order to distinguish promising from hazardous clinical use and to outline a research course of action

  6. A Proposal to Perform New Theoretical and Experimental Research on HumanEfficiency Through Developments Within Systems Factorial Technology (SFT)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-05-26

    been devoted to exploring the deep similarities and distinctions between these two critical conceptions. A new paper has been submitted for...download through CRAN (http://cran.r-project.org/ web /packages/mdsdt/index.html). We are currently preparing a GRT tutorial for publication, which

  7. Research Strategies for Biomedical and Health Informatics. Some Thought-provoking and Critical Proposals to Encourage Scientific Debate on the Nature of Good Research in Medical Informatics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haux, Reinhold; Kulikowski, Casimir A; Bakken, Suzanne; de Lusignan, Simon; Kimura, Michio; Koch, Sabine; Mantas, John; Maojo, Victor; Marschollek, Michael; Martin-Sanchez, Fernando; Moen, Anne; Park, Hyeoun-Ae; Sarkar, Indra N; Leong, Tze Yun; McCray, Alexa T

    2017-01-25

    Medical informatics, or biomedical and health informatics (BMHI), has become an established scientific discipline. In all such disciplines there is a certain inertia to persist in focusing on well-established research areas and to hold on to well-known research methodologies rather than adopting new ones, which may be more appropriate. To search for answers to the following questions: What are research fields in informatics, which are not being currently adequately addressed, and which methodological approaches might be insufficiently used? Do we know about reasons? What could be consequences of change for research and for education? Outstanding informatics scientists were invited to three panel sessions on this topic in leading international conferences (MIE 2015, Medinfo 2015, HEC 2016) in order to get their answers to these questions. A variety of themes emerged in the set of answers provided by the panellists. Some panellists took the theoretical foundations of the field for granted, while several questioned whether the field was actually grounded in a strong theoretical foundation. Panellists proposed a range of suggestions for new or improved approaches, methodologies, and techniques to enhance the BMHI research agenda. The field of BMHI is on the one hand maturing as an academic community and intellectual endeavour. On the other hand vendor-supplied solutions may be too readily and uncritically accepted in health care practice. There is a high chance that BMHI will continue to flourish as an important discipline; its innovative interventions might then reach the original objectives of advancing science and improving health care outcomes.

  8. 75 FR 26751 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Internet Survey...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-12

    ... Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Internet Survey Research for... of the comment that is placed in the public docket and made available on the Internet. If you submit... Internet Survey Research for Improving Fuel Economy Label Design and Content. ICR Numbers: EPA ICR No. 2390...

  9. Grazing planning proposal : Valentine NWR

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This proposal is submitted with the intention of maximizing the long term quality and quantity of undisturbed cover and in particular preferred nesting cover for...

  10. Propuesta de Investigación Cualitativa: un modelo para ayudar a investigadores noveles Qualitative Research proposal: a model to help novice researchers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina G. Vivar

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Los profesionales de enfermería contribuyen de modo importante, por medio de la investigación, a extender y actualizar su propio cuerpo de conocimientos con la intención de mejorar la calidad de los cuidados de enfermería. A los estudiantes y a los investigadores noveles, sin embargo, les puede resultar difícil comenzar la investigación y puede que necesiten supervisión a lo largo del proceso investigador. Este artículo se centra en la praxis para diseñar una propuesta de investigación cualitativa al presentar un ejemplo/modelo, con el propósito de que pueda ser beneficioso para aquellos principiantes a la hora de utilizar la metodología cualitativa.Nurses make an important contribution to extending and updating knowledge through research with the purpose of improving the quality of nursing care. Students and novice researchers, however, may find it difficult to initiate investigation and may require supervision during the research process. This paper focuses on the practicality of designing a qualitative research proposal by presenting an example/model, in the hope that it may be of benefit to beginners using a qualitative methodology.

  11. Public Spending on Health Service and Policy Research in Canada, the United Kingdom, and the United States: A Modest Proposal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thakkar, Vidhi; Sullivan, Terrence

    2017-04-10

    Health services and policy research (HSPR) represent a multidisciplinary field which integrates knowledge from health economics, health policy, health technology assessment, epidemiology, political science among other fields, to evaluate decisions in health service delivery. Health service decisions are informed by evidence at the clinical, organizational, and policy level, levels with distinct, managerial drivers. HSPR has an evolving discourse spanning knowledge translation, linkage and exchange between research and decision-maker partners and more recently, implementation science and learning health systems. Local context is important for HSPR and is important in advancing health reform practice. The amounts and configuration of national investment in this field remain important considerations which reflect priority investment areas. The priorities set within this field or research may have greater or lesser effects and promise with respect to modernizing health services in pursuit of better value and better population outcomes. Within Canada an asset map for HSPR was published by the national HSPR research institute. Having estimated publicly-funded research spending in Canada, we sought identify best available comparable estimates from the United States and the United Kingdom. Investments from industry and charitable organizations were not included in these numbers. This commentary explores spending by the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom on HSPR as a fraction of total public spending on health and the importance of these respective investments in advancing health service performance. Proposals are offered on the merits of common nomenclature and accounting for areas of investigation in pursuit of some comparable way of assessing priority HSPR investments and suggestions for earmarking such investments to total investment in health services spending. © 2017 The Author(s); Published by Kerman University of Medical Sciences. This is an open

  12. Public Spending on Health Service and Policy Research in Canada, the United Kingdom, and the United States: A Modest Proposal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vidhi Thakkar

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Health services and policy research (HSPR represent a multidisciplinary field which integrates knowledge from health economics, health policy, health technology assessment, epidemiology, political science among other fields, to evaluate decisions in health service delivery. Health service decisions are informed by evidence at the clinical, organizational, and policy level, levels with distinct, managerial drivers. HSPR has an evolving discourse spanning knowledge translation, linkage and exchange between research and decision-maker partners and more recently, implementation science and learning health systems. Local context is important for HSPR and is important in advancing health reform practice. The amounts and configuration of national investment in this field remain important considerations which reflect priority investment areas. The priorities set within this field or research may have greater or lesser effects and promise with respect to modernizing health services in pursuit of better value and better population outcomes. Within Canada an asset map for HSPR was published by the national HSPR research institute. Having estimated publiclyfunded research spending in Canada, we sought identify best available comparable estimates from the United States and the United Kingdom. Investments from industry and charitable organizations were not included in these numbers. This commentary explores spending by the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom on HSPR as a fraction of total public spending on health and the importance of these respective investments in advancing health service performance. Proposals are offered on the merits of common nomenclature and accounting for areas of investigation in pursuit of some comparable way of assessing priority HSPR investments and suggestions for earmarking such investments to total investment in health services spending.

  13. Nuclear energy research until 2000. The necessity of the nuclear energy research until the year 2000 and a proposal for the organizational model of the research; Ydinenergiatutkimus 2000; Selvitys energiatutkimuksen tarpeesta vuoteen 2000 ja ehdotus tutkimuksen organisoinnista

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reiman, L. [Finnish Centre for Nuclear and Radiation Safety, Helsinki (Finland); Rintamaa, R.; Vanttola, T. [Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo (Finland)] [eds.

    1994-03-01

    The working group was to assess the need and orientation of nuclear energy research (apart from research on nuclear waste management and fusion technology) up until the year 2000 in Finland and to propose framework schemes and organization guidelines for any forthcoming publicly financed research programmes from 1995 onwards. The main purpose of nuclear energy research is to ensure the safety and continued development of Finland`s existing nuclear power plants. Factors necessarily influencing the orientation of research are Parliaments decision of late 1993 against further nuclear capacity in the country, the need to assess reactor safety in the eastern neighbour regions, and Finland`s potential membership in the European Union. The working group proposes two new research programmes similar to the current ones but with slightly modified emphasis. Dedicated to reactor safety and structural safety respectively, they would both cover the four years from 1995 to 1998. A separate research project is proposed for automation technology. In addition, environmental research projects should have a joint coordination unit. (9 figs., 4 tabs.).

  14. Environmental Assessment for Selection and Operation of the Proposed Field Research Centers for the Natural and Accelerated Bioremediation Research (NABIR) Program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    N/A

    2000-04-18

    The US Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Biological and Environmental Research (OBER), within the Office of Science (SC), proposes to add a Field Research Center (FRC) component to the existing Natural and Accelerated Bioremediation Research (NABIR) Program. The NABIR Program is a ten-year fundamental research program designed to increase the understanding of fundamental biogeochemical processes that would allow the use of bioremediation approaches for cleaning up DOE's contaminated legacy waste sites. An FRC would be integrated with the existing and future laboratory and field research and would provide a means of examining the fundamental biogeochemical processes that influence bioremediation under controlled small-scale field conditions. The NABIR Program would continue to perform fundamental research that might lead to promising bioremediation technologies that could be demonstrated by other means in the future. For over 50 years, DOE and its predecessor agencies have been responsible for the research, design, and production of nuclear weapons, as well as other energy-related research and development efforts. DOE's weapons production and research activities generated hazardous, mixed, and radioactive waste products. Past disposal practices have led to the contamination of soils, sediments, and groundwater with complex and exotic mixtures of compounds. This contamination and its associated costs and risks represents a major concern to DOE and the public. The high costs, long duration, and technical challenges associated with remediating the subsurface contamination at DOE sites present a significant need for fundamental research in the biological, chemical, and physical sciences that will contribute to new and cost-effective solutions. One possible low-cost approach for remediating the subsurface contamination of DOE sites is through the use of a technology known as bioremediation. Bioremediation has been defined as the use of microorganisms to

  15. Regional higher education co-operation: a research proposal to compare the Baltic Sea and the Black Sea regions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefan Ewert

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available While the Baltic Sea Region is considered to be a pioneer region in the development of regional integration and identity, the Black Sea Region is regarded to be a laggard in terms of regionali¬zation and region building. My paper summarizes the role of regional higher education co-operation in the Baltic Sea regionalization process in theory and analyzes the empirical background of these assumptions. Yet, inasmuch an evaluation of the regions` status as a pioneer is possible only in a comparative perspective, I propose to compare the Black Sea and the Baltic Sea Region regarding their higher education networks systematically. My paper asks for the transferability of arguments in favor of a strong regional higher education co-operation in the Baltic Sea Region since the 1990s to today’s situation of the Black Sea Region. It concludes with some fundamental considerations on a comparative research project.

  16. A data management proposal to connect in a hierarchical way nodes of the Spanish Long Term Ecological Research (LTER) network

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fuentes, Daniel; Pérez-Luque, Antonio J.; Bonet García, Francisco J.; Moreno-LLorca, Ricardo A.; Sánchez-Cano, Francisco M.; Suárez-Muñoz, María

    2017-04-01

    The Long Term Ecological Research (LTER) network aims to provide the scientific community, policy makers, and society with the knowledge and predictive understanding necessary to conserve, protect, and manage the ecosystems. LTER is organized into networks ranging from the global to national scale. In the top of network, the International Long Term Ecological Research (ILTER) Network coordinates among ecological researchers and LTER research networks at local, regional and global scales. In Spain, the Spanish Long Term Ecological Research (LTER-Spain) network was built to foster the collaboration and coordination between longest-lived ecological researchers and networks on a local scale. Currently composed by nine nodes, this network facilitates the data exchange, documentation and preservation encouraging the development of cross-disciplinary works. However, most nodes have no specific information systems, tools or qualified personnel to manage their data for continued conservation and there are no harmonized methodologies for long-term monitoring protocols. Hence, the main challenge is to place the nodes in its correct position in the network, providing the best tools that allow them to manage their data autonomously and make it easier for them to access information and knowledge in the network. This work proposes a connected structure composed by four LTER nodes located in southern Spain. The structure is built considering hierarchical approach: nodes that create information which is documented using metadata standards (such as Ecological Metadata Language, EML); and others nodes that gather metadata and information. We also take into account the capacity of each node to manage their own data and the premise that the data and metadata must be maintained where it is generated. The current state of the nodes is a follows: two of them have their own information management system (Sierra Nevada-Granada and Doñana Long-Term Socio-ecological Research Platform) and

  17. A proposed national research and development agenda for population health informatics: summary recommendations from a national expert workshop.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kharrazi, Hadi; Lasser, Elyse C; Yasnoff, William A; Loonsk, John; Advani, Aneel; Lehmann, Harold P; Chin, David C; Weiner, Jonathan P

    2017-01-01

    The Johns Hopkins Center for Population Health IT hosted a 1-day symposium sponsored by the National Library of Medicine to help develop a national research and development (R&D) agenda for the emerging field of population health informatics (PopHI). The symposium provided a venue for national experts to brainstorm, identify, discuss, and prioritize the top challenges and opportunities in the PopHI field, as well as R&D areas to address these. This manuscript summarizes the findings of the PopHI symposium. The symposium participants' recommendations have been categorized into 13 overarching themes, including policy alignment, data governance, sustainability and incentives, and standards/interoperability. The proposed consensus-based national agenda for PopHI consisted of 18 priority recommendations grouped into 4 broad goals: (1) Developing a standardized collaborative framework and infrastructure, (2) Advancing technical tools and methods, (3) Developing a scientific evidence and knowledge base, and (4) Developing an appropriate framework for policy, privacy, and sustainability. There was a substantial amount of agreement between all the participants on the challenges and opportunities for PopHI as well as on the actions that needed to be taken to address these. PopHI is a rapidly growing field that has emerged to address the population dimension of the Triple Aim. The proposed PopHI R&D agenda is comprehensive and timely, but should be considered only a starting-point, given that ongoing developments in health policy, population health management, and informatics are very dynamic, suggesting that the agenda will require constant monitoring and updating. © The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the American Medical Informatics Association. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  18. The Department of Defense FY 2000 Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program: Program Solicitation 00.1

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    2000-01-01

    ... (NIMA), and U.S. Special Operations Command (SOCOM), hereafter referred to as DoD Components, invite small business firms to submit proposals under this solicitation for the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program...

  19. Immodest Proposals

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bardzell, Jeffrey; Bardzell, Shaowen; Hansen, Lone Koefoed

    2015-01-01

    This paper offers theoretical support for research through design (RtD) by arguing that to legitimize and make use of research through design as research, HCI researchers need to explore and clarify how RtD objects contribute to knowledge. One way to pursue this goal is to leverage knowledge-prod...... fiction Menstruation Machine by Sputniko!, the paper explores how design objects coproduce knowledge, by working through complex design problem spaces in non-reductive ways, proposing new connections and distinctions, and embodying design ideas and processes across time and minds....

  20. The Policy and Evaluation Division is seeking a 2018 Research ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2017-12-22

    Dec 22, 2017 ... Applications must be submitted via email directly to the Policy and Evaluation Division at poev@idrc.ca and may consist only of a resume and cover letter, including an explanation of the proposed research (title, research questions, and initial ideas for the research design). For general information regarding ...

  1. 7 CFR 701.13 - Submitting requests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Submitting requests. 701.13 Section 701.13 Agriculture... ADMINISTERED UNDER THIS PART § 701.13 Submitting requests. (a) Subject to the availability of funds, the Deputy Administrator shall provide for an enrollment period for submitting ECP cost-share requests. (b) Requests may be...

  2. 01. Building a participatory methodological proposal for the development of the evaluation research: a contribution of the critical theory to the Social Service practice

    OpenAIRE

    da Silva e Silva, Maria Ozanira; UFMA

    2012-01-01

    The article, resulting from the teaching experiences in the field of social investigation, presents a methodological proposal, which is under construction to guide the development of the social investigation practice, with a focus on the evaluation of social policies and programs. It emphasizes relevant aspects of the methodological proposal under consideration, such as: the theoretical framework adopted; the concept of evaluation research used as a reference, followed by the illustration of ...

  3. 77 FR 23231 - National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research; Notice of Proposed Long-Range Plan...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-18

    ..., knowledge translation, capacity building, technical assistance, and information dissemination to improve the... will support training, technical assistance, and knowledge translation activities to enhance the... Research Centers (RERCs) conduct programs of advanced engineering and technical research and development...

  4. The critical steps for successful research: The research proposal and scientific writing: (A report on the pre-conference workshop held in conjunction with the 64th annual conference of the Indian Pharmaceutical Congress-2012)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balakumar, Pitchai; Inamdar, Mohammed Naseeruddin; Jagadeesh, Gowraganahalli

    2013-01-01

    An interactive workshop on ‘The Critical Steps for Successful Research: The Research Proposal and Scientific Writing’ was conducted in conjunction with the 64th Annual Conference of the Indian Pharmaceutical Congress-2012 at Chennai, India. In essence, research is performed to enlighten our understanding of a contemporary issue relevant to the needs of society. To accomplish this, a researcher begins search for a novel topic based on purpose, creativity, critical thinking, and logic. This leads to the fundamental pieces of the research endeavor: Question, objective, hypothesis, experimental tools to test the hypothesis, methodology, and data analysis. When correctly performed, research should produce new knowledge. The four cornerstones of good research are the well-formulated protocol or proposal that is well executed, analyzed, discussed and concluded. This recent workshop educated researchers in the critical steps involved in the development of a scientific idea to its successful execution and eventual publication. PMID:23761709

  5. 42 CFR 83.8 - How is a petition submitted?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... HEALTH RESEARCH AND RELATED ACTIVITIES PROCEDURES FOR DESIGNATING CLASSES OF EMPLOYEES AS MEMBERS OF THE... Procedures for Adding Classes of Employees to the Cohort § 83.8 How is a petition submitted? The petitioner(s... NIOSH through direct request (1-800-35-NIOSH) or on the Internet at www.cdc.gov/niosh/ocas. ...

  6. 75 FR 32195 - Procedures and Costs for Use of the Research Data Center

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-07

    .... SUMMARY: This notice provides information about the Research Data Center (RDC) operated by the National... Research Data Center was established in 1998 to provide a mechanism whereby researchers can access detailed... their research needs. This notice describes how to submit proposals requesting use of the data...

  7. Aeronautics Education, Research, and Industry Alliance (AERIAL) Progress Report and Proposal for Funding Continuation NASA Nebraska EPSCoR

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowen, Brent; Fink, Mary; Gogos, George; Moussavi, Massoum; Nickerson, Jocelyn; Rundquist, Donald; Russell, Valerie; Tarry, Scott

    2004-01-01

    The Aeronautics Education, Research, and Industry Alliance (AERIAL), which began as a comprehensive, multi-faceted NASA EPSCoR 2000 initiative, has contributed substantially to the strategic research and technology priorities of NASA, while intensifying Nebraska's rapidly growing aeronautics research and development endeavors. AERIAL has enabled Nebraska researchers to: (a) continue strengthening their collaborative relationships with NASA Field Centers, Codes, and Enterprises; (b) increase the capacity of higher education throughout Nebraska to invigorate and expand aeronautics research; and (c) expedite the development of aeronautics-related research infrastructure and industry in the state. Nebraska has placed emphasis on successfully securing additional funds from non-EPSCoR and non-NASA sources. AERIAL researchers have aggressively pursued additional funding opportunities offered by NASA, industry, and other agencies. This report contains a summary of AERIAL's activities and accomplishments during its first three years of implementation.

  8. 78 FR 79473 - 60 Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment: Reporting for HUD Research...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-30

    ... hours (awardees) year response Quarterly Reports 10 4 4 160 Other Reports 10 1 4 40 ] Recordkeeping 10 1... URBAN DEVELOPMENT 60 Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment: Reporting for HUD... agreements NOFA. HUD anticipates that approximately 8-10 organizations will be selected for cooperative...

  9. Annual Research Review: The Nature and Classification of Reading Disorders--A Commentary on Proposals for DSM-5

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snowling, Margaret J.; Hulme, Charles

    2012-01-01

    This article reviews our understanding of reading disorders in children and relates it to current proposals for their classification in DSM-5. There are two different, commonly occurring, forms of reading disorder in children which arise from different underlying language difficulties. Dyslexia (as defined in DSM-5), or decoding difficulty, refers…

  10. Validation of an educative manual for patients with head and neck cancer submitted to radiation therapy 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    da Cruz, Flávia Oliveira de Almeida Marques; Ferreira, Elaine Barros; Vasques, Christiane Inocêncio; da Mata, Luciana Regina Ferreira; dos Reis, Paula Elaine Diniz

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Objective: develop the content and face validation of an educative manual for patients with head and neck cancer submitted to radiation therapy. Method: descriptive methodological research. The Theory of Psychometrics was used for the validation process, developed by 15 experts in the theme area of the educative manual and by two language and publicity professionals. A minimum agreement level of 80% was considered to guarantee the validity of the material. Results: the items addressed in the assessment tool of the educative manual were divided in three blocks: objectives, structure and format, and relevance. Only one item, related to the sociocultural level of the target public, obtained an agreement rate manual proposed were attended to. This can contribute to the understanding of the therapeutic process the head and neck cancer patient is submitted to during the radiation therapy, besides supporting clinical practice through the nursing consultation. PMID:27305178

  11. Exploring the Types of SMEs Which Could use Blogs as a Marketing Tool: a Proposed Future Research Agenda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adeline Phaik Harn Chua

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Blogs appear to be gaining momentum as a marketing tool which can be used by organisations for such strategies and processes as branding, managing reputation, developing customer trust and loyalty, niche marketing, gathering marketing intelligence and promoting their online presence. There has been limited academic research in this area, and most significantly concerning the types of small and medium enterprises (SMEs for which blogs might have potential as a marketing tool. In an attempt to address the knowledge gap, this paper presents a future research agenda (in the form of research questions which can guide the eBusiness research community in conducting much needed studies in this area. This paper is particularly novel in that it aims to demonstrate how the heterogeneity of SMEs and their specific business uses of eBusiness technology such as blogs can form the central plank of a future research agenda. This is important because the existing eBusiness literature tends to treat eBusiness collectively rather than focusing on the specific business uses of different eBusiness technologies, and to treat SMEs as a homogeneous group. The paper concludes with a discussion of how this research agenda can form the basis of studies which use a range of different research methods, and how this "big picture" agenda approach might help the eBusiness research community build theory which better explains SME adoption and use of eBusiness.

  12. Do a Field List of Internationally Visible Journals and their Journal Impact Factors Depend on the Initial Set of Journals? A Research Proposal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rousseau, Ronald; Spinak, Ernesto

    1996-01-01

    Proposes a research model to test the dependence of a field list of internationally visible journals on the initial set. Outlines applications of the experiment and hypothesizes on the validity of the Institute of Scientific Information's (ISI) impact factors. Suggests that in some cases lists of journals selected by linguistic or geographic…

  13. Environmental Impact Analysis Process. Final Environmental Impact Statement. Part 2. Proposed High Frequency Active Auroral Research Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-07-01

    which I will identify by page number. Nikola Tesla , built huge facilities early in this century to study electricity and the earth’s ability to...I believe you have left out some critical points which the public will want to have answers to before construction and operation begin. Like Tesla ...based on the proposed tax laws), then it would be helpful to have a BTU equivalent for the facility and its components as well. 11-4 Like Tesla , the

  14. 77 FR 28588 - Proposed Priorities-American Overseas Research Centers Program; CFDA Number 84.274A

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-15

    ... education (IHEs) to establish or operate an AORC that promotes postgraduate research, exchanges, and area... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION... Postsecondary Education, Department of Education. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Assistant Secretary for...

  15. China’s S&T Emergence: A Proposal for U.S. DOD-China Collaboration in Fundamental Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-03-01

    Introduction ......................................................................................................................................1 Science...Recommendations ....................................................................................................19 iii iv Introduction In...basic research between DOD scientists and Peking University scientists include BioMEMS (biochips for protein microarray and cell chip application

  16. Environmental Sustainability and Energy-Efficient Supply Chain Management: A Review of Research Trends and Proposed Guidelines

    OpenAIRE

    Piera Centobelli; Roberto Cerchione; Emilio Esposito

    2018-01-01

    This paper conducts a structured review on the topic of energy efficiency and environmental sustainability in the supply chain management context to define research trends on the topic and identify research gaps. The review is carried out using the largest databases of peer-reviewed literature (Scopus and Web of Science). A sample of 122 papers focusing on the topic of energy-efficient and sustainable supply chain management was selected and analyzed through descriptive and content analysis. ...

  17. The communication of forensic science in the criminal justice system: A review of theory and proposed directions for research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howes, Loene M

    2015-03-01

    Clear communication about forensic science is essential to the effectiveness and perceived trustworthiness of the criminal justice system. Communication can be seen as a meaning-making process that involves different components such as the sender of a message, the message itself, the channel in which a message is sent, and the receiver of the message. Research conducted to date on the communication between forensic scientists and non-scientists in the criminal justice system has focused on different components of the communication process as objects of study. The purpose of this paper is to bring together communication theory and past research on the communication of forensic science to contribute to a deeper understanding of it, and to provide a coherent view of it overall. The paper first outlines the broader context of communication theory and science communication as a backdrop to forensic science communication. Then it presents a conceptual framework as a way to organise past research and, using the framework, reviews recent examples of empirical research and commentary on the communication of forensic science. Finally the paper identifies aspects of the communication of forensic science that may be addressed by future research to enhance the effectiveness of communication between scientists and non-scientists in this multidisciplinary arena. Copyright © 2014 Forensic Science Society. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  18. Extraction of pure thermal neutron beam for the proposed PGNAA facility at the TRIGA research reactor of AERE, Savar, Bangladesh

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alam, Sabina; Zaman, M. A.; Islam, S. M. A.; Ahsan, M. H.

    1993-10-01

    A study on collimators and filters for the design of a spectrometer for prompt gamma neutron activation analysis (PGNAA) at one of the radial beamports of the TRIGA Mark II reactor at AERE, Savar has been carried out. On the basis of this study a collimator and a filter have been designed for the proposed PGNAA facility. Calculations have been done for measuring neutron flux at various positions of the core of the reactor using the computer code TRIGAP. Gamma dose in the core of the reactor has also been measured experimentally using TLD technique in the present work.

  19. Climate Change and Health in British Columbia: Projected Impacts and a Proposed Agenda for Adaptation Research and Policy

    OpenAIRE

    Diana M. Allen; Takaro, Tim K; Bassil, Kate L.; Malcolm Ogborn; Aleck Ostry

    2010-01-01

    This is a case study describing how climate change may affect the health of British Columbians and to suggest a way forward to promote health and policy research, and adaptation to these changes. After reviewing the limited evidence of the impacts of climate change on human health we have developed five principles to guide the development of research and policy to better predict future impacts of climate change on health and to enhance adaptation to these change in BC. We suggest that, with s...

  20. International survey of methods used in health technology assessment (HTA: does practice meet the principles proposed for good research?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stephens JM

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Jennifer M Stephens,1 Bonnie Handke,2 Jalpa A Doshi3 On behalf of the HTA Principles Working Group, part of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research (ISPOR HTA Special Interest Group (SIG1Pharmerit International, Bethesda, MD, USA; 2Medtronic Neuromodulation, Minneapolis, MN, USA; 3Center for Evidence-Based Practice and Center for Health Incentives and Behavioral Economics, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USAObjective: To describe research methods used internationally in health technology assessment (HTA and health-care reimbursement policies; compare the survey findings on research methods and processes to published HTA principles; and discuss important issues/trends reported by HTA bodies related to current research methods and applications of the HTA process.Methods: Representatives from HTA bodies worldwide were recruited to complete an online survey consisting of 47 items within four topics: (1 organizational information and process, (2 primary HTA methodologies and importance of attributes, (3 HTA application and dissemination, and (4 quality of HTA, including key issues. Results were presented as a comparison of current HTA practices and research methods to published HTA principles.Results: The survey was completed by 30 respondents representing 16 countries in five major regions, Australia (n = 3, Canada (n = 2, Europe (n = 17, Latin America (n = 2, and the United States (n = 6. The most common methodologies used were systematic review, meta-analysis, and economic modeling. The most common attributes evaluated were effectiveness (more commonly than efficacy, cost-effectiveness, safety, and quality of life. The attributes assessed, relative importance of the attributes, and conformance with HTA principles varied by region/country. Key issues and trends facing HTA bodies included standardizing methods for economic evaluations and grading of evidence, lack of evidence

  1. Examining how and why to Engage Practitioners from across the Learning Landscape in the Research Enterprise: Proposal for Phronêtic Research on Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matusov, Eugene

    2017-03-01

    Educational practitioners are often reluctant, if not actively resistant, to their participation in production and consumption of educational research. Based on my research experience with educational practitioners, I try to deconstruct this phenomenon using dialogic Bakhtinian and Aristotelian sociocultural frameworks. I consider two major related breakdowns in the educational practice: 1) a lack of self-correcting process in the educational practice, while reliance on accountability policy to achieve the practice quality, and 2) a breakdown between educational research and educational practice. I argue that the first breakdown is caused by viewing teaching as poiesis, aiming at preset curricular endpoints, and not as praxis, critically defining its own values, goals, and virtues. As to the second breakdown, I argue that current mainstream and even innovative research is defined through the technê and epistêmê ways of knowing, which correspond to a poiesic vision of educational practice. I suggest that educational practice primarily involves the phronêtic and sophic ways of knowing, which correspond to a praxis vision of educational practice. I describe phronêtic research of teaching through a case of my students, preservice teachers, working on revisions of their lessons that they conducted at an urban afterschool program. Finally, I consider recommendations for institutional support for phronêtic research on teaching.

  2. Implementation intention and action planning interventions in health contexts: state of the research and proposals for the way forward.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hagger, Martin S; Luszczynska, Aleksandra

    2014-03-01

    The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of the literature on two planning intervention techniques in health behaviour research, implementation intentions and action planning, and to develop evidence-based recommendations for effective future interventions and highlight priority areas for future research. We focused our review on four key areas: (1) definition and conceptualisation; (2) format and measurement; (3) mechanisms and processes; and (4) design issues. Overall, evidence supports the effectiveness of planning interventions in health behaviour with advantages including low cost and response burden. There is, however, considerable heterogeneity in the effects across studies and relatively few registered randomised trials that include objective behavioural measures. Optimally effective planning interventions should adopt "if-then" plans, account for salient and relevant cues, include examples of cues, be guided rather than user-defined, and include boosters. Future studies should adopt randomised controlled designs, report study protocols, include fidelity checks and relevant comparison groups, and adopt long-term behavioural follow-up measures. Priority areas for future research include the identification of the moderators and mediators of planning intervention effects. Future research also needs to adopt "best practice" components of planning interventions more consistently to elucidate the mechanisms and processes involved. © 2013 The International Association of Applied Psychology.

  3. Analysis of Combined Data from Heterogeneous Study Designs: A Methodological Proposal from the Patient Navigation Research program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roetzheim, Richard G.; Freund, Karen M.; Corle, Don K.; Murray, David M.; Snyder, Frederick R.; Kronman, Andrea C.; Jean-Pierre, Pascal; Raich, Peter C.; Holden, Alan E. C.; Darnell, Julie S.; Warren-Mears, Victoria; Patierno, Steven; Design, PNRP; Committee, Analysis

    2013-01-01

    Background The Patient Navigation Research Program (PNRP) is a cooperative effort of nine research projects, each employing its own unique study design. To evaluate projects such as PNRP, it is desirable to perform a pooled analysis to increase power relative to the individual projects. There is no agreed upon prospective methodology, however, for analyzing combined data arising from different study designs. Expert opinions were thus solicited from members of the PNRP Design and Analysis Committee Purpose To review possible methodologies for analyzing combined data arising from heterogeneous study designs. Methods The Design and Analysis Committee critically reviewed the pros and cons of five potential methods for analyzing combined PNRP project data. Conclusions were based on simple consensus. The five approaches reviewed included: 1) Analyzing and reporting each project separately, 2) Combining data from all projects and performing an individual-level analysis, 3) Pooling data from projects having similar study designs, 4) Analyzing pooled data using a prospective meta analytic technique, 5) Analyzing pooled data utilizing a novel simulated group randomized design. Results Methodologies varied in their ability to incorporate data from all PNRP projects, to appropriately account for differing study designs, and in their impact from differing project sample sizes. Limitations The conclusions reached were based on expert opinion and not derived from actual analyses performed. Conclusions The ability to analyze pooled data arising from differing study designs may provide pertinent information to inform programmatic, budgetary, and policy perspectives. Multi-site community-based research may not lend itself well to the more stringent explanatory and pragmatic standards of a randomized controlled trial design. Given our growing interest in community-based population research, the challenges inherent in the analysis of heterogeneous study design are likely to become

  4. Benchmarking pre-spawning fitness, climate preferendum of some catfishes from river Ganga and its proposed utility in climate research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarkar, Uttam Kumar; Naskar, Malay; Roy, Koushik; Sudeeshan, Deepa; Srivastava, Pankaj; Gupta, Sandipan; Bose, Arun Kumar; Verma, Vinod Kumar; Sarkar, Soma Das; Karnatak, Gunjan; Nandy, Saurav Kumar

    2017-09-07

    The concept of threshold condition factor (Fulton), beyond which more than 50% of the female fish population may attain readiness for spawning coined as pre-spawning fitness (K spawn50 ), has been proposed in the present article and has been estimated by applying the non-parametric Kaplan-Meier method for fitting survival function. A binary coding strategy of gonadal maturity stages was used to classify whether a female fish is "ready to spawn" or not. The proposed K spawn50 has been generated for female Mystus tengara (1.13-1.21 units), M. cavasius (0.846-0.945 units), and Eutropiichthys vacha (0.716-0.799 units). Information on the range of egg parameters (fecundity, egg weight, egg diameter) expected at the pre-spawning stage was also generated. Additional information on species-specific thermal and precipitation window (climate preferendum) within which K spawn50 is attained was also generated through the LOESS smoothing technique. Water temperatures between 31 and 36 °C (M. tengara), 30 and 32 °C (M. cavasius), and 29.5 and 31 °C (E. vacha) and monthly rainfall between 200 and 325 mm (M. tengara), > 250 mm (M. cavasius), and around 50 mm and between 350 and 850 mm (E. vacha) were found to be optimum for attainment of K spawn50 . The importance of parameterization and benchmarking of K spawn50 in addition to other conventional reproductive biology parameters has been discussed in the present article. The purposes of the present study were fulfilled by generating baseline information and similar information may be generated for other species replicating the innovative methodology used in this study.

  5. 40 CFR 26.1602 - EPA review of completed human research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false EPA review of completed human research... OF HUMAN SUBJECTS Review of Proposed and Completed Human Research § 26.1602 EPA review of completed... shall submit its review of data from human research covered by subpart Q, together with the available...

  6. Final Environmental Assessment for the High Explosive Research and Development Complex’s Proposed Long Term Upgrade and Expansion

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-01

    years, the Munitions Directorate is expecting to attract dozens of scientists and collaborators to help mature the nano -energetic technology. Currently...AFRL has been conducting very limited testing and evaluation of potential nano -energetic components at the HERD Complex. While the testing has...8217mtect .;rea A Air Force Research Laboratory HERD Complex LocatuJr of AFRL-Ht R COil’ lex Legend EgUnAFB, ’<!M 1\\( ’ TEC Figure it

  7. Research proposal and annual report No. 16. Part B. Technical progress, September 1, 1975--August 31, 1976

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1976-06-01

    Progress is reported on the following research projects: RNA synthesis in yeast; regulation of nitrogen metabolism; biological toxicity of intracellular radioisotope decay; the mechanism of energy conversion in chloroplasts; promoting vibrations in spin-orbital coupling in vibrationally deficient molecules; electronic excitation and hydrogen bonding; macromolecular biophysics; the synthesis and maturation of RNA; electronic response properties of biomolecular systems; chromosome structure and function and chromosome damage; DNA replication and chromosome structure; and influence of phospholipids on the dynamic properties of rhodopsin. (HLW)

  8. Therapeutic Patient Education in Cancer Pain Management: from Practice to Research: Proposals and Strategy of the French EFFADOL Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prevost, Virginie; Clarisse, Bénédicte; Heutte, Natacha; Leconte, Alexandra; Bisson, Cécile; Bignon, Rachel; Cauchin, Sonia; Feuillet, Maryline; Gehanne, Sylvie; Gicquère, Maud; Grach, Marie-Christine; Guillaumé, Cyril; Le Gal, Christine; Le Garrec, Joelle; Lecaer, Franck; Lepleux, Isabelle; Millet, Anne-Laure; Ropartz, Marie-Claude; Roux, Nathalie; Hieng, Virith Sep; Van Delook, Carole; Le Chevalier, Aline; Delorme, Claire

    2017-08-13

    In the field of cancer pain, therapeutic patient education (TPE) allows patients to develop skills to better manage their pain. In the Lower Normandy region of France, the management of pain is based on networking, thus allowing proximity and accessibility for all concerned. We have thus designed and initiated a broad five-stage research program that includes the following: (1) training for caregivers in TPE; (2) identifying the educational expectations of patients and their relatives with regard to cancer pain; (3) the design of a TPE program; (4) the evaluation of its quality; and (5) the evaluation of its effectiveness by comparative randomization. This article presents this approach and more particularly the research phases (stages 2, 4, 5) for which the objectives, the methodology, and the expected results are justified. Among the key points, particular attention is paid to the evaluation of the educational dimension that provides patients with self-efficacy to participate actively in the management of their pain, their perception of changes in relation to it and its impact. The choice of a specific assessment criterion (subscale 9 of the Brief Pain Inventory) and of the step-wedge design are thus argued. This approach, which is based on a partnership between health care professionals and researchers, aims to demonstrate the benefits provided by TPE to patients in order to enable them to better manage their pain on a daily basis.

  9. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Materials Research Laboratory progress report for FY 1993 and research proposal for FY 1994

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Birnbaum, H.K.

    1993-03-01

    The materials research laboratory program is about 30% of total Materials Science and Engineering effort on the Univ. of Illinois campus. Coordinated efforts are being carried out in areas of structural ceramics, grain boundaries, field responsive polymeric and organic materials, molecular structure of solid-liquid interfaces and its relation to corrosion, and x-ray scattering science.

  10. CALL FOR PROPOSALS

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Charles

    CALL FOR PROPOSALS. Research Project on: Gender and Enterprise Development in Africa: A Cross-Country Comparative Study. The Institute of Statistical, Social and Economic Research ... calling for research proposals from researchers based in Kenya, Uganda, Mozambique or ... For example, many more women work.

  11. Small business innovation research program solicitation

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-01-01

    The National Aeronautics and Space Administration invites eligible small business concerns to submit Phase 1 proposals for its 1994 Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program, which is described in this twelfth annual NASA SBIR Program Solicitation. The 1994 solicitation period for Phase 1 proposals begins April 4, 1994 and ends June 15, 1994. Eligible firms with research or research and development capabilities (R/R&D) in any of the listed topic and subtopic areas are encouraged to participate. Through SBIR, NASA seeks innovative concepts addressing the program needs described in the SBIR solicitation subtopics and offering commercial application potential. This document contains program background information, outlines eligibility requirements for SBIR participants, describes the three SBIR program phases, and provides the information qualified offerors need to prepare and submit responsive proposals.

  12. Number needed to benefit from information (NNBI): proposal from a mixed methods research study with practicing family physicians.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pluye, Pierre; Grad, Roland M; Johnson-Lafleur, Janique; Granikov, Vera; Shulha, Michael; Marlow, Bernard; Ricarte, Ivan Luiz Marques

    2013-01-01

    We wanted to describe family physicians' use of information from an electronic knowledge resource for answering clinical questions, and their perception of subsequent patient health outcomes; and to estimate the number needed to benefit from information (NNBI), defined as the number of patients for whom clinical information was retrieved for 1 to benefit. We undertook a mixed methods research study, combining quantitative longitudinal and qualitative research studies. Participants were 41 family physicians from primary care clinics across Canada. Physicians were given access to 1 electronic knowledge resource on handheld computer in 2008-2009. For the outcome assessment, participants rated their searches using a validated method. Rated searches were examined during interviews guided by log reports that included ratings. Cases were defined as clearly described searches where clinical information was used for a specific patient. For each case, interviewees described information-related patient health outcomes. For the mixed methods data analysis, quantitative and qualitative data were merged into clinical vignettes (each vignette describing a case). We then estimated the NNBI. In 715 of 1,193 searches for information conducted during an average of 86 days, the search objective was directly linked to a patient. Of those searches, 188 were considered to be cases. In 53 cases, participants associated the use of information with at least 1 patient health benefit. This finding suggested an NNBI of 14 (715/53). The NNBI may be used in further experimental research to compare electronic knowledge resources. A low NNBI can encourage clinicians to search for information more frequently. If all searches had benefits, the NNBI would be 1. In addition to patient benefits, learning and knowledge reinforcement outcomes are frequently reported.

  13. Creating artificial reefs from decommissioned platforms in the North Sea: review of knowledge and proposed programme of research

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aabel, J.P.; Cripps, S.J.; Jensen, A.C.; Picken, G.

    1997-12-31

    This report relates to the case for research and development work on North Sea artificial reefs. There are potentially many benefits that can be derived from platform reefs, for example as an aid to increased fishing yield for commercial fishermen, a means of enhancing fish stocks and protecting habitat for physical damage. In addition there may be a reduction in decommissioning costs for the oil industry and in negative environmental impacts inherent with land-based decommissioning techniques. Negative impacts could be loss of fishing area and changes in the ecosystem. The report will be focused towards practically applicable results that will aid the decision making process. 129 refs., 13 figs., 18 tabs.

  14. Process-based project proposal risk management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alok Kumar

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available We all are aware of the organizational omnipresence. Projects within the organizations are ubiquitous too. Projects achieve their goals successfully if they are planned, scheduled, controlled and implemented well. The project lifecycle of initiating, planning, scheduling, controlling and implementing are very well-planned by project managers and the organizations. Successful projects have well-developed risk management plans to deal with situations impacting projects. Like any other organisation, a university does try to access funds for different purposes too. For such organisations, running a project is not the issue, rather getting a project proposal approved to fund a project is the key. Project proposal processing is done by the nodal office in every organisation. Usually, these nodal offices help in administration and submission of a project proposal for accessing funds. Seldom are these nodal project offices within the organizations facilitate a project proposal approval by proactively reaching out to the project managers. And as project managers prepare project proposals, little or no attention is made to prepare a project proposal risk plan so as to maximise project acquisition. Risk plans are submitted while preparing proposals but these risk plans cater to a requirement to address actual projects upon approval. Hence, a risk management plan for project proposal is either missing or very little effort is made to treat the risks inherent in project acquisition. This paper is an integral attempt to highlight the importance of risk treatment for project proposal stage as an extremely important step to preparing the risk management plan made for projects corresponding to their lifecycle phases. Several tools and techniques have been proposed in the paper to help and guide either the project owner (proposer or the main organisational unit responsible for project management. Development of tools and techniques to further enhance project

  15. STIR Proposal For Research Area 2.1.2 Surface Energy Balance: Transient Soil Density Impacts Land Surface Characteristics and Characterization

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-12-22

    properties, and ii) evaluate impact of changing soil density on surface energy balance and heat and water transfer. Six soil properties were...evaluated over a range of soil densities, using a combination of ten modeling approaches. Thermal conductivity, water characteristics, hydraulic ...2015 Approved for Public Release; Distribution Unlimited Final Report: STIR Proposal For Research Area 2.1.2 Surface Energy Balance: Transient Soil

  16. Studying social aspects of vegetarianism: a research proposal on the basis of a survey among adult population of two Slovenian biggest cities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crnic, Ales

    2013-12-01

    The article discuses the fundamental characteristics of vegetarianism as a heterogeneous and controversial practice, and tries to asses its scope in contemporary Western world. In the central part it presents the main results of the empirical study of vegetarianism and its perceptions on a representative sample of adult residents of the two largest cities in Slovenia, Ljubljana and Maribor. On this basis, the author proposes a more comprehensive design of quantitative and qualitative research on social aspects of vegetarianism and responses to it.

  17. EsPRit: ethics committee proposals for Long Term Medical Data Registries in rapidly evolving research fields - a future-proof best practice approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oberbichler, S; Hackl, W O; Hörbst, A

    2017-10-18

    Long-term data collection is a challenging task in the domain of medical research. Many effects in medicine require long periods of time to become traceable e.g. the development of secondary malignancies based on a given radiotherapeutic treatment of the primary disease. Nevertheless, long-term studies often suffer from an initial lack of available information, thus disallowing a standardized approach for their approval by the ethics committee. This is due to several factors, such as the lack of existing case report forms or an explorative research approach in which data elements may change over time. In connection with current medical research and the ongoing digitalization in medicine, Long Term Medical Data Registries (MDR-LT) have become an important means of collecting and analyzing study data. As with any clinical study, ethical aspects must be taken into account when setting up such registries. This work addresses the problem of creating a valid, high-quality ethics committee proposal for medical registries by suggesting groups of tasks (building blocks), information sources and appropriate methods for collecting and analyzing the information, as well as a process model to compile an ethics committee proposal (EsPRit). To derive the building blocks and associated methods software and requirements engineering approaches were utilized. Furthermore, a process-oriented approach was chosen, as information required in the creating process of ethics committee proposals remain unknown in the beginning of planning an MDR-LT. Here, we derived the needed steps from medical product certification. This was done as the medical product certification itself also communicates a process-oriented approach rather than merely focusing on content. A proposal was created for validation and inspection of applicability by using the proposed building blocks. The proposed best practice was tested and refined within SEMPER (Secondary Malignoma - Prospective Evaluation of the

  18. Internal Grant Competitions: A New Opportunity for Research Officers to Build Institutional Funding Portfolios

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balaji, Rengarajan V.; Knisely, Christine; Blazyk, Jack

    2007-01-01

    The Ohio University College of Osteopathic Medicine in 2005 created an innovative competitive grant program aimed at stimulating faculty to submit more and better NIH research proposals, thereby increasing the probability of success. In this internal competition, three experienced external reviewers critique each proposal and assign a priority…

  19. 25 CFR 900.9 - May the Secretary require an Indian tribe or tribal organization to submit any other information...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... organization to submit any other information beyond that identified in § 900.8? 900.9 Section 900.9 Indians... Proposal Contents § 900.9 May the Secretary require an Indian tribe or tribal organization to submit any other information beyond that identified in § 900.8? No. ...

  20. 76 FR 38200 - Notice of Submission of Proposed Information Collection to OMB; Public Housing Financial...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-29

    ... Public Housing Assessment System requires public housing agencies to submit financial information... information be submitted electronically, using generally accepted accounting principles, in a prescribed... URBAN DEVELOPMENT Notice of Submission of Proposed Information Collection to OMB; Public Housing...

  1. 76 FR 36565 - Notice of Submission of Proposed Information Collection to OMB; Public Housing Financial...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-22

    ... Public Housing Assessment System requires public housing agencies to submit financial information... information be submitted electronically, using generally accepted accounting principles, in a prescribed... URBAN DEVELOPMENT Notice of Submission of Proposed Information Collection to OMB; Public Housing...

  2. Required formation and training of frontline staff. A research proposal Formación y entrenamiento para personal de contacto en empresas de servicios

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Carlos Sanclemente

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available This article is a research proposal related to the elements that should be part of some managerial practices such as formation and training, which are developed by enterprises in order to provide satisfaction to their frontline staff (this being defined as the staff that has direct contact with customers in service enterprises and that interacts with them in the so-called service encounter. Hence, it is intended to analyze the different dimensions of the formation and training constructs, and prove the influence that such practices have in staff satisfaction, and how the latter influences the performance of the corresponding activities affecting the quality of the service that is offered to customers and how they perceive it. The research proposes to select a specific service enterprise that offers insurance and investment services nationally and that is located in the city of. At the end of the proposal, the main interest of the research for managerial practices is shown and additional topics for complementary research in the abovementioned field are suggested.El artículo presenta los resultados de una investigación en una empresa de serviciosque ofrece seguros e inversiones a nivel nacional, localizada en Medellín. El objetivoes analizar las distintas dimensiones que hacen parte de los constructos formación yentrenamiento, prácticas administrativas que desarrollan las empresas para brindarsatisfacción a sus empleados de contacto, aquellos que tienen trato directo con losclientes e interactúan con ellos. Se examina la influencia que dichas prácticas tienenen la satisfacción de los funcionarios y en el desempeño de su actividad, evaluando laincidencia en la calidad del servicio que se les presta a los clientes y la manera cómo estosla perciben.

  3. [Analysis of the dumping syndrome on morbid obese patients submitted to Roux en Y gastric bypass].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loss, Angelo Bustani; de Souza, Antônio Augusto Peixoto; Pitombo, Cid Araújo; Milcent, Marcel; Madureira, Fernando Athaíde Veloso

    2009-10-01

    The objective of this research was to determine the real prevalence and characteristics of dumping syndrome in a series of cases submitted to laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass for morbid obesity. We assessed dumping symptoms in 34 patients who had undergone that procedure; they filled a questionnaire, which included the dumping clinical diagnosis score proposed by Sigstad. regarding patients' complaints, dumping prevalence was 44%. This number increased to 76% when applying the Sigstad's score. The most frequent symptoms were 'need for lying down' (88%), fatigue (69%) and sleepiness (69%). Only 28% of the dumpers felt incapable of performing everyday activities. There was no difference in weight loss percentage between dumpers and non-dumpers. The Sigstad score is an usefull tool for the diagnostic of dumping, but a critic vision must be adopted when using in patients submitted to the Roux en Y gastric bypass. The dumping syndrome was frequent in this group, although usually under-diagnosed; it neither hampers patients' everyday activities considerably, nor helps in the weight-loosing process.

  4. 76 FR 57715 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Fisheries in the Western Pacific; Proposed...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-16

    ... in the Western Pacific; Proposed Information Collection; Seabird-Fisheries Interaction Recovery... of Review: Regular submission (extension of a currently approved collection). Affected Public... of automated collection techniques or other forms of information technology. Comments submitted in...

  5. The Challenge of Integrating OHS into Industrial Project Risk Management: Proposal of a Methodological Approach to Guide Future Research (Case of Mining Projects in Quebec, Canada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adel Badri

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Although risk management tools are put to good use in many industrial sectors, some large projects have been met with numerous problems due to failure to take occupational health and safety (OHS into consideration. In spite of the high level of risk and uncertainty associated with many industrial projects, the number of studies of methods for managing all known risks systematically remains small. Under effervescent economic conditions, industries must meet several challenges associated with frequent project start-ups. In highly complex and uncertain environments, rigorous management of risk remains indispensable for avoiding threats to the success of projects. Many businesses seek continually to create and improve integrated approaches to risk management. This article puts into perspective the complexity of the challenge of integrating OHS into industrial project risk management. A conceptual and methodological approach is proposed to guide future research focused on meeting this challenge. The approach is based on applying multi-disciplinary research modes to a complex industrial context in order to identify all scenarios likely to contain threats to humans or the environment. A case study is used to illustrate the potential of the proposed approach for application and its contribution to meeting the challenge of taking OHS into consideration. On-site researchers were able to develop a new approach that helped two mining companies in Quebec (Canada to achieve successful integration of OHS into expansion projects.

  6. Improving the Understanding of Research Methodology and Self-Regulated Learning Through Blog Project

    OpenAIRE

    Retnawati, Heri

    2017-01-01

    : This classroom action research seeks to improve self-regulated learning (SRL) and understanding of research methodology at the graduate school. Nineteen graduate school students were involved. Using project-based learning (PjBL), students were assigned to create online blogs as the main project. The blog was intended for representing their understanding of research methodology by writing review of research articles and submitting a research proposal. The classroom action research was based ...

  7. PACMan to Help Sort Hubble Proposals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kohler, Susanna

    2017-04-01

    Every year, astronomers submit over a thousand proposals requesting time on the Hubble Space Telescope (HST). Currently, humans must sort through each of these proposals by hand before sending them off for review. Could this burden be shifted to computers?A Problem of VolumeAstronomer Molly Peeples gathered stats on the HST submissions sent in last week for the upcoming HST Cycle 25 (the deadline was Friday night), relative to previous years. This years proposal round broke the record, with over 1200 proposals submitted in total for Cycle 25. [Molly Peeples]Each proposal cycle for HST time attracts on the order of 1100 proposals accounting for far more HST time than is available. The proposals are therefore carefully reviewed by around 150 international members of the astronomy community during a six-month process to select those with the highest scientific merit.Ideally, each proposal will be read by reviewers that have scientific expertise relevant to the proposal topic: if a proposal requests HST time to study star formation, for instance, then the reviewers assigned to it should have research expertise in star formation.How does this matching of proposals to reviewers occur? The current method relies on self-reported categorization of the submitted proposals. This is unreliable, however; proposals are often mis-categorized by submitters due to misunderstanding or ambiguous cases.As a result, the Science Policies Group at the Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI) which oversees the review of HST proposals must go through each of the proposals by hand and re-categorize them. The proposals are then matched to reviewers with self-declared expertise in the same category.With the number of HST proposals on the rise and the expectation that the upcoming James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) will elicit even more proposals for time than Hubble scientists at STScI and NASA are now asking: could the human hours necessary for this task be spared? Could a computer program

  8. A précis of recent advances in the neuropsychology of mild cognitive impairment(s) in Parkinson's disease and a proposal of preliminary research criteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tröster, Alexander I

    2011-05-01

    Cognitive changes of Parkinson's disease (PD) manifest earlier and are more heterogeneous than previously appreciated. Approximately one-third of patients have at least mild cognitive changes at PD diagnosis, and subtle changes might be appreciable among those at risk for PD. Executive dysfunction is the most common cognitive change, but other phenotypes exist. Pathobiologic and potential prognostic differences among cognitive phenotypes remain poorly understood. Progress in the neuropsychology, epidemiology and pathobiology of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in PD is hampered by lack of diagnostic criteria. This study proposes preliminary research criteria for two categories of PD non-dementia cognitive impairment.

  9. Post-traumatic stress symptoms in children and adolescents with chronic pain: A topical review of the literature and a proposed framework for future research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holley, A L; Wilson, A C; Noel, M; Palermo, T M

    2016-10-01

    The co-occurrence of chronic pain and post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has gained increasing research attention. Studies on associations among pain and PTSS or PTSD in youth have largely been conducted in the context of acute injury or trauma. Less is known about the risk for co-occurrence with paediatric chronic pain. In this review, we (1) propose a conceptual framework to outline factors salient during childhood that may be associated with symptom severity, co-occurrence and mutual maintenance, (2) present relevant literature on PTSS in youth with acute and chronic pain and identify research gaps and (3) provide recommendations to guide paediatric research examining shared symptomatology. Electronic databases (PubMed and Google Scholar) were used to identify relevant articles using the search terms 'child, adolescent, paediatric, chronic pain, acute pain, post-traumatic stress symptoms and post-traumatic stress disorder'. Studies were retrieved and reviewed based on relevance to the topic. Our findings revealed that existing biobehavioural and ecological models of paediatric chronic pain lack attention to traumatic events or the potential development of PTSS. Paediatric studies are also limited by lack of a conceptual framework for understanding the prevalence, risk and trajectories of PTSS in youth with chronic pain. Our new developmentally informed framework highlights individual symptoms and shared contextual factors that are important when examining potential associations among paediatric chronic pain and PTSS. Future studies should consider bidirectional and mutually maintaining associations, which will be aided by prospective, longitudinal designs. WHAT DOES THIS REVIEW ADD?: This review presents relevant literature on pain and PTSS in youth and proposes a conceptual framework to examine factors salient during childhood that may be associated with symptom severity, comorbidity and mutual maintenance of chronic

  10. Dosimetry of patients submitted to cerebral PET/CT for the diagnosis of mild cognitive impairment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Santana, Priscila do Carmo; Oliveira, Paulo Marcio Campos de; Bernardes, Felipe Dias; Mamede, Marcelo, E-mail: pridili@gmail.com [Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil); Mourao, Arnaldo Prata [Centro Federal de Educacao Tecnologica de Minas Gerais (CEFET), Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil); Silva, Teogenes Augusto da [Centro de Desenvolvimento da Tecnologia Nuclear (CDTN/CNEN-MG), Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil)

    2014-11-15

    Objective: the present study was aimed at evaluating the effective radiation dose in patients submitted to PET/CT for the diagnosis of mild cognitive impairment. Materials and methods: TLD-100 detectors inserted into an Alderson Rando® anthropomorphic phantom were utilized to measure the absorbed dose coming from the CT imaging modality. The anthropomorphic phantoms (male and female adult versions) were submitted to the same technical protocols for patients’ images acquisition. The absorbed dose resulting from the radiopharmaceutical injection was estimated by means of the model proposed by the ICRP publication 106. Results: the effective dose in patients submitted to this diagnostic technique was approximately (5.34 ± 1.99) mSv. Conclusion: optimized protocols for calculation of radioactive activity injected into patients submitted to this diagnostic technique might contribute to reduce the effective radiation dose resulting from PET/CT in the diagnosis of mild cognitive impairment. (author)

  11. 76 FR 70829 - Proposed Information Collection (Architect-Engineer Fee Proposal) Activity; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-15

    ... AFFAIRS Proposed Information Collection (Architect--Engineer Fee Proposal) Activity; Comment Request.... Titles: a. Architect--Engineer Fee Proposal, VA Form 10-6298. b. Daily Log (Contract Progress Report... Architect-engineering firm selected for negotiation of a contract with VA is required to submit a fee...

  12. Ageism and clinical research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Briggs, R; Robinson, S; O'Neill, D

    2012-10-01

    Despite being the most significant consumers of health care resources and medications worldwide, recent international research has highlighted the under-representation of older participants from clinical trials. This creates problems for physicians as the patients seen in clinical practice are not representative of those on which medical treatments and interventions have been trialled, and we need to consider whether results (both negative and positive) from these trials are applicable to these patients. Our aim was to gauge whether exclusion of older people was prevalent in research proposals submitted to Dublin teaching hospitals. We audited all clinical research proposals submitted to the Research Ethics committee (REC) covering the teaching hospitals attached to Trinity College Dublin (TCD) from July 2008 to July 2011 inclusive, recording exclusion of patients based on an arbitrary upper age limit. Of the 226 relevant trials studied, 31(13.7%) excluded participants based solely on an arbitrary upper age limit. 22 (9.8%) of the relevant trials were submitted by geriatricians, none of which excluded patients based solely on age. Over 50% (12 of 22) trials submitted by neurology/psychiatry excluded patients based on an upper age limit. The mean upper age limit used over all trials as a cut-off was 69.2 years of age. As well as this, the majority of the remaining trials also contained other exclusion criteria, especially those based on cognitive function which further limited participation of older people. While we found that a significant proportion of clinical trials submitted to the TCD REC still excluded patients based arbitrarily on an upper age limit, participation rates of older people seem to be higher in this Irish centre than that seen in international trials. Significant room for improvement still remains however and there needs to be a promotion of greater awareness of the need for developing, testing and licensing medicines so that it mirrors the

  13. Research in particle physics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1993-08-01

    This proposal presents the research accomplishments and ongoing activities of Boston University researchers in high energy physics. Some changes have been made in the structure of the program from the previous arrangement of tasks. Task B, Accelerator Design Physics, is being submitted as a separate proposal for an independent grant; this will be consistent with the nature of the research and the source of funding. We are active in seven principal areas which will be discussed in this report: Colliding Beams - physics of e{sup +}e{sup {minus}} and {bar p}p collisions; MACRO Experiment - search for magnetic monopoles and study of cosmic rays; Proton Decay - search for nucleon instability and study of neutrino interactions; Particle Theory - theoretical high energy particle physics, including two Outstanding Junior Investigator awards; Muon G-2 - measurement of the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon; SSCintcal - calorimetry for the GEM Experiment; and Muon detectors for the GEM Experiment.

  14. Nuclear power plant safety research 1999-2002. A proposal for the content and organisation of the new research programme; Kansallinen ydinvoimalaitosten turvallisuustutkimus 1999- 2002. Ydinenergianeuvottelukunnan ehdotus uuden tutkimusohjelman sisaelloeksi ja organisoinniksi

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-09-01

    The Working Group was appointed by the Advisory Committee on Nuclear Energy to propose a framework scheme and possibly a new organization for the existing nuclear power plant safety research programme for the period 1999 to 2002. While planning the programme, account has been taken of the recent changes in the framework, the opportunity to participate in the research and development-programmes of the European Union in the first place. The principal aim of the national nuclear power plant safety research is to create the necessary conditions to ensure and even enhance the high safety level of the running nuclear power plants in Finland. In addition, the research programme should take care of the national know-how especially for the needs of the safety authorities and it should also maintain the capability for the research and development-needs in the case of new power plant projects. The dissemination of the results obtained in terms of the national research programme and via international cooperation as well as the education and training of the researchers are also part of the programme

  15. Final Progress Report submitted via the DOE Energy Link (E-Link) in June 2009 [Collaborative Research: Decadal-to-Centennial Climate & Climate Change Studies with Enhanced Variable and Uniform Resolution GCMs Using Advanced Numerical Techniques

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fox-Rabinovitz, Michael S. [Univ. of Quebec (Canada); Cote, Jean [Univ. of Quebec (Canada)

    2009-10-09

    The joint U.S-Canadian project has been devoted to: (a) decadal climate studies using developed state-of-the-art GCMs (General Circulation Models) with enhanced variable and uniform resolution; (b) development and implementation of advanced numerical techniques; (c) research in parallel computing and associated numerical methods; (d) atmospheric chemistry experiments related to climate issues; (e) validation of regional climate modeling strategies for nested- and stretched-grid models. The variable-resolution stretched-grid (SG) GCMs produce accurate and cost-efficient regional climate simulations with mesoscale resolution. The advantage of the stretched grid approach is that it allows us to preserve the high quality of both global and regional circulations while providing consistent interactions between global and regional scales and phenomena. The major accomplishment for the project has been the successful international SGMIP-1 and SGMIP-2 (Stretched-Grid Model Intercomparison Project, phase-1 and phase-2) based on this research developments and activities. The SGMIP provides unique high-resolution regional and global multi-model ensembles beneficial for regional climate modeling and broader modeling community. The U.S SGMIP simulations have been produced using SciDAC ORNL supercomputers. The results of the successful SGMIP multi-model ensemble simulations of the U.S. climate are available at the SGMIP web site (http://essic.umd.edu/~foxrab/sgmip.html) and through the link to the WMO/WCRP/WGNE web site: http://collaboration.cmc.ec.gc.ca/science/wgne. Collaborations with other international participants M. Deque (Meteo-France) and J. McGregor (CSIRO, Australia) and their centers and groups have been beneficial for the strong joint effort, especially for the SGMIP activities. The WMO/WCRP/WGNE endorsed the SGMIP activities in 2004-2008. This project reflects a trend in the modeling and broader communities to move towards regional and sub-regional assessments and

  16. Cognitive decline in normal aging and early Alzheimer’s disease: A continuous or discontinuous transition? A historical review and future research proposal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pauline E.J. Spaan

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available A longstanding debate in dementia research has been whether normal aging and Alzheimer’s disease (AD are extremes that lie along the same continuum (continuity view, or whether AD is categorically different from normal aging (discontinuity view. In other words, do only quantitative differences in neuropsychological test performance exist between normal aging and AD, or are there also qualitative differences? This question has been dominating dementia research for a century now and is characterized by inconsistent results and differences in methodological approach. In this review, I discuss studies that draw conclusions in terms of a continuous transition from normal aging to AD, followed by a discussion of studies that draw conclusions in terms of a discontinuous transition. In addition, several methodological issues are discussed that may explain the contrasting findings. This led to a proposal for investigating this topic in further research. I argue that only a latent variable (structural equation modeling approach testing for measurement equivalence may or may not reveal structural (i.e. qualitative differences in neuropsychological test performance between normal aging and AD. This outcome has important implications for the selection of optimal procedures of early AD assessment, particularly at very old age.

  17. 20 CFR 405.333 - Submitting documents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION ADMINISTRATIVE REVIEW PROCESS FOR ADJUDICATING INITIAL DISABILITY CLAIMS Administrative Law Judge Hearing § 405.333 Submitting documents. All documents prepared and... fullest extent practicable and delivered or mailed to the administrative law judge within the time frames...

  18. 31 CFR 103.81 - Submitting requests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Submitting requests. 103.81 Section 103.81 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance FINANCIAL RECORDKEEPING... which the request is made. (b) A request filed by a corporation shall be signed by a corporate officer...

  19. Assessment of the National Research Universal Reactor Proposed New Stack Sampling Probe Location for Compliance with ANSI/HPS N13.1-1999

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Glissmeyer, John A. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Antonio, Ernest J. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Flaherty, Julia E. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)

    2016-02-29

    This document reports on a series of tests conducted to assess the proposed air sampling location for the National Research Universal reactor (NRU) complex exhaust stack, located in Chalk River, Ontario, Canada, with respect to the applicable criteria regarding the placement of an air sampling probe. Due to the age of the equipment in the existing monitoring system, and the increasing difficulty in acquiring replacement parts to maintain this equipment, a more up-to-date system is planned to replace the current effluent monitoring system, and a new monitoring location has been proposed. The new sampling probe should be located within the exhaust stack according to the criteria established by the American National Standards Institute/Health Physics Society (ANSI/HPS) N13.1-1999, Sampling and Monitoring Releases of Airborne Radioactive Substances from the Stack and Ducts of Nuclear Facilities. These criteria address the capability of the sampling probe to extract a sample that represents the effluent stream. The internal Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) project for this task was 65167, Atomic Energy Canada Ltd. Chalk River Effluent Duct Flow Qualification. The testing described in this document was guided by the Test Plan: Testing of the NRU Stack Air Sampling Position (TP-STMON-032).

  20. Open by default: a proposed copyright license and waiver agreement for open access research and data in peer-reviewed journals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hrynaszkiewicz, Iain; Cockerill, Matthew J

    2012-09-07

    Copyright and licensing of scientific data, internationally, are complex and present legal barriers to data sharing, integration and reuse, and therefore restrict the most efficient transfer and discovery of scientific knowledge. Much data are included within scientific journal articles, their published tables, additional files (supplementary material) and reference lists. However, these data are usually published under licenses which are not appropriate for data. Creative Commons CC0 is an appropriate and increasingly accepted method for dedicating data to the public domain, to enable data reuse with the minimum of restrictions. BioMed Central is committed to working towards implementation of open data-compliant licensing in its publications. Here we detail a protocol for implementing a combined Creative Commons Attribution license (for copyrightable material) and Creative Commons CC0 waiver (for data) agreement for content published in peer-reviewed open access journals. We explain the differences between legal requirements for attribution in copyright, and cultural requirements in scholarship for giving individuals credit for their work through citation. We argue that publishing data in scientific journals under CC0 will have numerous benefits for individuals and society, and yet will have minimal implications for authors and minimal impact on current publishing and research workflows. We provide practical examples and definitions of data types, such as XML and tabular data, and specific secondary use cases for published data, including text mining, reproducible research, and open bibliography. We believe this proposed change to the current copyright and licensing structure in science publishing will help clarify what users - people and machines - of the published literature can do, legally, with journal articles and make research using the published literature more efficient. We further believe this model could be adopted across multiple publishers, and invite

  1. 78 FR 18362 - Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment: Enterprise Income Verification (EIV) Systems...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-26

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment: Enterprise Income Verification... Assistant Secretary for Public and Indian Housing, HUD. ACTION: Notice of proposed information collection. SUMMARY: The proposed information collection requirement described below will be submitted to the Office...

  2. 76 FR 70170 - Proposed Alternative Soils Standards for the Uravan, Colorado Uranium Mill

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-10

    ... COMMISSION Proposed Alternative Soils Standards for the Uravan, Colorado Uranium Mill AGENCY: Nuclear... Waste Management Division (the Division) submitted a proposal for alternative standards for soil clean...) concurrence. Colorado's proposed alternative soil standards are to leave the remaining radioactive...

  3. Proposal for Modified Damage Probability Distribution Functions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Preben Terndrup; Hansen, Peter Friis

    1996-01-01

    Immidiately following the Estonia disaster, the Nordic countries establishe a project entitled "Safety of Passenger/RoRo Vessels" As part of this project the present proposal for modified damage stability probability distribution functions has been developed. and submitted to "Sub-committee on st......Immidiately following the Estonia disaster, the Nordic countries establishe a project entitled "Safety of Passenger/RoRo Vessels" As part of this project the present proposal for modified damage stability probability distribution functions has been developed. and submitted to "Sub...

  4. Effectiveness of the SpineCor brace based on the new standardized criteria proposed by the scoliosis research society for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coillard, Christine; Vachon, Valerie; Circo, Alin B; Beauséjour, Marie; Rivard, Charles H

    2007-06-01

    The purpose of this prospective observational study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the Dynamic SpineCor brace for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis in accordance with the standardized criteria proposed by the Scoliosis Research Society Committee on Bracing and Nonoperative Management. They proposed these guidelines to make the comparison among studies more valid and reliable. From 1993 to 2006, 493 patients were treated using the SpineCor brace. Two hundred forty-nine patients met the criteria for inclusion, and 79 patients were still actively being treated. Overall, 170 patients have a definitive outcome. All girls were premenarchal or less than 1 year postmenarchal. Assessment of brace effectiveness included (1) percentage of patients who have 5 degrees or less curve progression, and percentage of patients who have 6 degrees or more progression; (2) percentage of patients who have been recommended/undergone surgery before skeletal maturity; (3) percentage of patients with curves exceeding 45 degrees at maturity (end of treatment); and (4) Two-year follow-up beyond maturity to determine the percentage of patients who subsequently underwent surgery. Successful treatment (correction, >5 degrees, or stabilization, +/-5 degrees) was achieved in 101 (59.4%) of the 170 patients from the time of the fitting of the SpineCor brace to the point in which it was discontinued. Thirty-nine immature patients (22.9%) required surgical fusion while receiving treatment. Two (1.2%) of 170 patients had curves exceeding 45 degrees at maturity. One mature patient (2.1%) required surgery within 2 years of follow-up beyond skeletal maturity. The conclusion drawn from these findings is that the SpineCor brace is effective for the treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Moreover, positive outcomes are maintained after 2 years because 45 (95.7%) of 47 patients stabilized or corrected their end of bracing Cobb angle up to 2 years after bracing. Therapeutic study-investigating the

  5. Proposed Requirements-driven User-scenario Development Protocol for the Belmont Forum E-Infrastructure and Data Management Cooperative Research Agreement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wee, B.; Car, N.; Percivall, G.; Allen, D.; Fitch, P. G.; Baumann, P.; Waldmann, H. C.

    2014-12-01

    The Belmont Forum E-Infrastructure and Data Management Cooperative Research Agreement (CRA) is designed to foster a global community to collaborate on e-infrastructure challenges. One of the deliverables is an implementation plan to address global data infrastructure interoperability challenges and align existing domestic and international capabilities. Work package three (WP3) of the CRA focuses on the harmonization of global data infrastructure for sharing environmental data. One of the subtasks under WP3 is the development of user scenarios that guide the development of applicable deliverables. This paper describes the proposed protocol for user scenario development. It enables the solicitation of user scenarios from a broad constituency, and exposes the mechanisms by which those solicitations are evaluated against requirements that map to the Belmont Challenge. The underlying principle of traceability forms the basis for a structured, requirements-driven approach resulting in work products amenable to trade-off analyses and objective prioritization. The protocol adopts the ISO Reference Model for Open Distributed Processing (RM-ODP) as a top level framework. User scenarios are developed within RM-ODP's "Enterprise Viewpoint". To harmonize with existing frameworks, the protocol utilizes the conceptual constructs of "scenarios", "use cases", "use case categories", and use case templates as adopted by recent GEOSS Architecture Implementation Project (AIP) deliverables and CSIRO's eReefs project. These constructs are encapsulated under the larger construct of "user scenarios". Once user scenarios are ranked by goodness-of-fit to the Belmont Challenge, secondary scoring metrics may be generated, like goodness-of-fit to FutureEarth science themes. The protocol also facilitates an assessment of the ease of implementing given user scenario using existing GEOSS AIP deliverables. In summary, the protocol results in a traceability graph that can be extended to coordinate

  6. An Overview of the Current State of Women’s Leadership in Higher Education in Saudi Arabia and a Proposal for Future Research Directions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Azzah Alsubaie

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Despite the predominance of perspectives on women’s leadership, which consistently emphasize the underrepresentation of women in virtually every sphere of political and economic life in countries around the world, very little is known about women’s leadership, especially in higher education, in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA. This has resulted in a gap in the literature, since higher education is one area of employment where Saudi women have made progress, and in spite of complex social, religious, cultural and organisational barriers, some have broken through the glass ceiling into higher education leadership. One goal of this paper is to highlight, through a synthesis of existing literature, the current state of women’s higher education leadership in Saudi Arabia. The second goal of this paper is to propose new directions for future research to address the current dearth of empirical work on women’s leadership in higher education in Saudi Arabia. This may be relevant to other regions of the Middle East and elsewhere.

  7. A Checklist for Submitting Your Risk Management Plan (RMP)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Important information about 2014 submissions and a checklist to consider in preparing and resubmitting a 5-year update, as required by 40 CFR part 68. Use the RMP*eSubmit software application, which replaced RMP*Submit.

  8. Research

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ebutamanya

    2015-03-02

    Mar 2, 2015 ... Using a critical leadership theory framework, we conducted a qualitative ... or basic science research career (Socio-Behavioral Research, ... AITRP was to develop HIV research leaders at the University of ..... Wellcome-Trust.

  9. Setting priorities in health research using the model proposed by the World Health Organization: development of a quantitative methodology using tuberculosis in South Africa as a worked example.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hacking, Damian; Cleary, Susan

    2016-02-09

    Setting priorities is important in health research given the limited resources available for research. Various guidelines exist to assist in the priority setting process; however, priority setting still faces significant challenges such as the clear ranking of identified priorities. The World Health Organization (WHO) proposed a Disability Adjusted Life Year (DALY)-based model to rank priorities by research area (basic, health systems and biomedical) by dividing the DALYs into 'unavertable with existing interventions', 'avertable with improved efficiency' and 'avertable with existing but non-cost-effective interventions', respectively. However, the model has conceptual flaws and no clear methodology for its construction. Therefore, the aim of this paper was to amend the model to address these flaws, and develop a clear methodology by using tuberculosis in South Africa as a worked example. An amended model was constructed to represent total DALYs as the product of DALYs per person and absolute burden of disease. These figures were calculated for all countries from WHO datasets. The lowest figures achieved by any country were assumed to represent 'unavertable with existing interventions' if extrapolated to South Africa. The ratio of 'cost per patient treated' (adjusted for purchasing power and outcome weighted) between South Africa and the best country was used to calculate the 'avertable with improved efficiency section'. Finally, 'avertable with existing but non-cost-effective interventions' was calculated using Disease Control Priorities Project efficacy data, and the ratio between the best intervention and South Africa's current intervention, irrespective of cost. The amended model shows that South Africa has a tuberculosis burden of 1,009,837.3 DALYs; 0.009% of DALYs are unavertable with existing interventions and 96.3% of DALYs could be averted with improvements in efficiency. Of the remaining DALYs, a further 56.9% could be averted with existing but non

  10. Researcher / Researched: Repositioning Research Paradigms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meerwald, Agnes May Lin

    2013-01-01

    "Researcher / Researched" calls for a complementary research methodology by proposing autoethnography as both a method and text that crosses the boundaries of conventional and alternative methodologies in higher education. Autoethnography rearticulates the researcher / researched positions by blurring the boundary between them. This…

  11. Parental decision-making on utilisation of out-of-home respite in children's palliative care: findings of qualitative case study research - a proposed new model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ling, J; Payne, S; Connaire, K; McCarron, M

    2016-01-01

    Respite in children's palliative care aims to provide a break for family's from the routine of caring. Parental decision-making regarding the utilisation of out-of-home respite is dependent on many interlinking factors including the child's age, diagnosis, geographical location and the family's capacity to meet their child's care needs. A proposed model for out-of-home respite has been developed based on the findings of qualitative case study research. Utilising multiple, longitudinal, qualitative case study design, the respite needs and experiences of parents caring for a child with a life-limiting condition were explored. Multiple, in-depth interviews were undertaken with the parents identified by a hospital-based children's palliative care team. Data were analysed using thematic analysis. Each individual case consists of a whole study. Cross-case comparison was also conducted. Nine families were recruited and followed for two years. A total of 19 in-depth interviews were conducted with mothers and fathers (one or both) caring for a child with a life-limiting condition in Ireland. Each family reported vastly different needs and experiences of respite from their own unique perspective. Cross-case comparison showed that for all parents utilising respite care, regardless of their child's age and condition, home was the location of choice. Many interlinking factors influencing these decisions included: past experience of in-patient care, and trust and confidence in care providers. Issues were raised regarding the impact of care provision in the home on family life, siblings and the concept of home. Respite is an essential element of children's palliative care. Utilisation of out-of-home respite is heavily dependent on a number of interlinked and intertwined factors. The proposed model of care offers an opportunity to identify how these decisions are made and may ultimately assist in identifying the elements of responsive and family-focused respite that are important

  12. JOURNAL CLUB: Plagiarism in Manuscripts Submitted to the AJR: Development of an Optimal Screening Algorithm and Management Pathways.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, Donna B

    2017-04-01

    The objective of this study was to investigate the incidence of plagiarism in a sample of manuscripts submitted to the AJR using CrossCheck, develop an algorithm to identify significant plagiarism, and formulate management pathways. A sample of 110 of 1610 (6.8%) manuscripts submitted to AJR in 2014 in the categories of Original Research or Review were analyzed using CrossCheck and manual assessment. The overall similarity index (OSI), highest similarity score from a single source, whether duplication was from single or multiple origins, journal section, and presence or absence of referencing the source were recorded. The criteria outlined by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors were the reference standard for identifying manuscripts containing plagiarism. Statistical analysis was used to develop a screening algorithm to maximize sensitivity and specificity for the detection of plagiarism. Criteria for defining the severity of plagiarism and management pathways based on the severity of the plagiarism were determined. Twelve manuscripts (10.9%) contained plagiarism. Nine had an OSI excluding quotations and references of less than 20%. In seven, the highest similarity score from a single source was less than 10%. The highest similarity score from a single source was the work of the same author or authors in nine. Common sections for duplication were the Materials and Methods, Discussion, and abstract. Referencing the original source was lacking in 11. Plagiarism was undetected at submission in five of these 12 articles; two had been accepted for publication. The most effective screening algorithm was to average the OSI including quotations and references and the highest similarity score from a single source and to submit manuscripts with an average value of more than 12% for further review. The current methods for detecting plagiarism are suboptimal. A new screening algorithm is proposed.

  13. Program Proposal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baskas, Richard S.

    2012-01-01

    A study was conducted to determine if a deficiency, or learning gap, existed in a particular working environment. To determine if an assessment was to be conducted, a program proposal would need to be developed to explore this situation. In order for a particular environment to react and grow with other environments, it must be able to take on…

  14. Thesis Proposal

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sloth, Erik

    2010-01-01

    Strukturen i Thesis proposal er følgende: Først præsenteres mine konkrete empiriske forskningsprojekter som skal munde ud i afhandlingens artikler. Jeg præsenterer herefter de teoretiske overvejelser omkring oplevelsesbegrebet og forbrugerkulturteori som danner baggrund for at jeg er nået frem til...

  15. Hipnose e dor: proposta de metodologia clínica e qualitativa de estudo Hypnosis and pain: proposal of a clinical and qualitative research methodology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maurício da Silva Neubern

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho visa apresentar uma proposta metodológica clínica e qualitativa para o estudo da relação entre hipnose e dor. Inicialmente, critica-se a pretensão de atribuir legitimidade científica exclusivamente para propostas estatísticas sobre o tema. Em seguida, são destacados alguns pressupostos da metodologia clínica e qualitativa, como a construção da realidade e das informações, as dimensões estética e técnica da relação terapêutica e a concepção da dor enquanto processo subjetivo. Uma vinheta clínica é utilizada de forma ilustrativa de modo a destacar as etapas e processos da pesquisa, como o uso dos registros e os processos interpretativos. Conclui-se o artigo ressaltando que a pertinência dessa metodologia se dá, basicamente, por abordar a dimensão subjetiva da relação entre dor e hipnose e por conceber o contexto como um conjunto de processos que não devem ser isolados, mas integrados à pesquisa.The purpose of this work is to present a proposal of clinical and qualitative methodology for the study of the relationship between hypnosis and pain. Initially, the pretension of attributing scientific legitimacy exclusively to statistical approaches on the theme is criticized. Then, some premises of the clinical and qualitative methodology are underlined, such as the construction of reality and information, esthetic and technical dimensions of therapeutic relationship and conception of pain as a subjective process. An illustrative clinical vignette is used so as to highlight the steps and processes of the research, such as the use of records and interpretative processes. The article is concluded emphasizing that the pertinence of this methodology is, basically, on its approach of relationship subjective dimension between pain and hypnosis and in its conceiving of the context as a set of processes that should not be isolated, but integrated into the research.

  16. Teoria da Ação Comunicativa e responsabilidade social empresarial: uma proposta de pesquisa Communicative Action Theory and company's social responsibility: a research proposal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yvon Pesqueux

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Neste artigo, empreendemos uma revisão da Teoria da Ação Comunicativa e propomos uma agenda de pesquisa sobre a adoção de fóruns de debate de inspiração habermasiana nas organizações, visando à fixação de agendas de desenvolvimento sustentável para diversos setores da economia. Como a responsabilidade social da empresa diz respeito à implementação, por parte dela, de ações de desenvolvimento sustentável, considera-se que deva estabelecer uma agenda de desenvolvimento sustentável tendo em vista sua atuação em setores específicos da economia. Assim, a pauta de desenvolvimento de produtos, serviços e tecnologias que obedeçam às diretrizes de desenvolvimento sustentável deve ser fixada de acordo com critérios substantivos a ser debatidos em fóruns de comunicação de inspiração habermasiana.In this paper, we undertook a review of the Communicative Action Theory and propose a research agenda on the adoption of Habermasian-inspired debate forums at organizations, aimed at setting sustainable development agendas for various sectors of the economy. As the company's social responsibility concerns the implementation, on its part, of sustainable development actions, one thinks there's a need for establishing a sustainable development agenda taking into account its operation in specific sectors of the economy. Thus, an agenda for developing products, services, and technologies which complies with the sustainable development guidelines should be set in accordance with the substantive criteria which are going to be debated on Habermasian inspired communication forums.

  17. 77 FR 8222 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-14

    ... facility usage data to prepare monthly metrics and data management reports; to register applicants for... proposed information collection; (c) ways to enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the information...://www.regulations.gov . Follow the instructions for submitting comments. Mail: Federal Docket Management...

  18. 77 FR 59225 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-26

    ... Commission plans to submit this existing collection of information to the Office of Management and Budget for... comply with Rule 17Ad-17 is five hours annually. The total burden is approximately 2,385 hours annually...) Whether the proposed collection of information is necessary for the proper performance of the functions of...

  19. 77 FR 780 - Procurement List Proposed Additions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-06

    ...-3259. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION OR TO SUBMIT COMMENTS CONTACT: Barry S. Lineback, Telephone: (703) 603... (41 U.S.C. Chapter 85) in connection with the product and service proposed for addition to the..., globes/lenses, trophies/display cases, drapes/curtains, venetian blinds and curtain rods; display and...

  20. 77 FR 35942 - Procurement List; Proposed Additions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-15

    ..., Virginia, 22202-3259. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION OR TO SUBMIT COMMENTS CONTACT: Patricia Briscoe, Telephone... (41 U.S.C. 8501-8506) in connection with the products and services proposed for addition to the...: 6650-00-NIB-0054--Lenses, Progressives (VIP, Adaptar, Freedom, Image), Polycarbonate NSN: 6650-00-NIB...

  1. CATTLE PRODUCTIVE PERFORMANCE EVALUATION CONFINED SUBMITTED IMMUNOCASTRATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. M. Maluf

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available In order to evaluate the performance and carcass characteristics of cattle cross breeds ½ Aberdeen Angus x ½Nelore and Nelore confined submitted to immunocastration 218 male animals were used, feedlot, averaging 342 kg, divided into three experimental groups, T1: 117 steers ½ Angus x ½ Nelore no castrated (ANC, T2: 51 Nelore steers uncastrated (NNC and T3: 50 Nellore steers immunocastrated (NIC. The experiment lasted 144 days of confinement. The selection of animals for group formation was according to the individual weight, breed, sex condition and age. For immunocastration it wasused Bopriva® vaccine. The rating was finished according to the parameter used by the meatpacking industry ranging from 1 to 5. The experimental design was completely randomized in three groups. For the analyzes the variables studied statistics were submitted to analysis of variance (ANOVA and Tukey test both at the 5% level of significance. The results showed differences (p <0.01 at various features of productive performance and carcass between treatments. For slaughter weight, the ANC animals were higher (with 582.1 kg to Nelore, regardless of sexual condition, and the NNC were in turn heavier than the NIC, 527.4 and 503.7 respectively. Finally, it observed that the use of immunocastration in Nellore animals provided a decrease in productive performance of confined animals, but provided better finish carcass similar to crossbred (ANC.

  2. Research

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The research was aimed at improving the current practice of radiation safety training of radiographers and was, therefore, considered action research.[18] The processes of action and research was integrated because the teaching activities and assessment were developed after the Delphi survey and aligned with the ...

  3. Research

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    of the Western Cape (UWC), Cape Town, South Africa the students are exposed to research in various modules where they are trained in epidemiology, research methods and literature appraisal. In addition, they personally conduct a research project, performing relevant statistical analyses. The relevant modules for.

  4. Research

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ebutamanya

    2015-05-13

    May 13, 2015 ... Systems (SEEDS)-INDEPTH Network Accra, Ghana, 3KEMRI/Wellcome Trust Research Programme, The Centre of Geographical Medicine Research-. Coast, Kilifi, Kenya, 4Population Health Sciences/Research Support Unit, Faculty of Health Sciences, Aga Khan University- East Africa, Nairobi,. Kenya ...

  5. 77 FR 24508 - Notice of Submission of Proposed Information Collection to OMB Community Development Block Grant...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-24

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT Notice of Submission of Proposed Information Collection to OMB Community Development... Housing and Urban Development has submitted to OMB a request for approval of the information collection...: Notice. SUMMARY: The proposed information collection requirement described below has been submitted to...

  6. Energy efficient housing in South Africa. A Research Alliance, CSIR/SUPSI project proposal for energy efficient building (housing) in South Africa

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Kuchena, J

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available /SUPSI Project Proposal For Energy Efficient Building (Housing) in South Africa PROJECT TITLE: “Energy Efficient Housing in SA” Presentation: Energy Efficient Housing in SA Background SDC HQ Meeting, Bern, Switzerland 11 February, 2010 Presenter: Dr...

  7. The Consortium for Plant Biotechnology Research, Inc. Semi-Annual Technical Report for April 1, 2000 - September 30, 2000

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-10-02

    Scientific progress reports submitted by university researchers conducting projects funded through CPBR and metrics reports submitted by industry sponsors that provided matching funds to the projects.

  8. Discussion of submitted posters for Section 2.3 (Rangeland Germplasm Resources)

    Science.gov (United States)

    As part of the IX International Rangeland Congress held in Rosario, Argentina, a total of 70 posters from 17 countries were submitted to Section 2.3 (Rangeland Germplasm Resources). These posters documented research conducted in five major regions of the world: South America, North America, Africa...

  9. Research

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    2013-06-07

    Jun 7, 2013 ... Results: Most of the activities anticipated under the GAVI health system's strengthening proposal are activities targeting downstream barriers (the neglect .... emergencies ; (ii) strengthening temperature monitoring; (iii) fencing EPI sites to .... data quality assessments: absence of written official regulations for.

  10. Research

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    2017-05-08

    May 8, 2017 ... 1Department of Community Medicine, University of Zimbabwe, Zimbabwe, 2City Health Department, Kadoma City Council, Zimbabwe. &Corresponding author: Donewell ... cost benefit analysis was used to assess the cost and benefits of the proposed retrenchment exercise. A descriptive cross sectional ...

  11. 76 FR 39418 - Notice of Submission of Proposed Information Collection to OMB; Public Housing Financial...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-06

    ... Information and Its Proposed Use The Public Housing Assessment System requires public housing agencies to... programs requires that this information be submitted electronically, using generally accepted accounting... URBAN DEVELOPMENT Notice of Submission of Proposed Information Collection to OMB; Public Housing...

  12. 77 FR 24214 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment: Continuum of Care Homeless...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-23

    ...The proposed information collection requirement described below will be submitted to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for review, as required by the Paperwork Reduction Act. The Department is soliciting public comments on the subject proposal.

  13. 78 FR 27988 - Notice of Submission of Proposed Information Collection to OMB Continuum of Care Homeless...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-13

    ...The proposed information collection requirement described below has been submitted to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for review, as required by the Paperwork Reduction Act. HUD is soliciting public comments on the subject proposal.

  14. 76 FR 81520 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment; Continuum of Care Homeless...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-28

    ...The proposed information collection requirement described below will be submitted to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for review, as required by the Paperwork Reduction Act. The Department is soliciting public comments on the subject proposal.

  15. 78 FR 21617 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Comment Request; Final Endorsement of Credit Instrument

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-11

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Comment Request; Final Endorsement of Credit Instrument AGENCY: Office of the Assistant Secretary for Housing, HUD. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The proposed information collection requirement described below will be submitted to the Office of...

  16. 75 FR 6682 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Comment Request; Final Endorsement of Credit Instrument

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-10

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Comment Request; Final Endorsement of Credit Instrument AGENCY: Office of the Assistant Secretary for Housing, HUD. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The proposed information collection requirement described below will be submitted to the Office of...

  17. Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raudenbush, Stephen

    In May of 1999, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences hosted a conference on ways to improve the scientific quality of educational research. In medicine, thanks to work 40 years ago by 2 researchers, Howard Hyatt and Frederick Mosteller, the commitment of medical professionals to base their diagnoses and prescriptions on clinical trials in…

  18. Research

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Results. Three emergent themes were identified from the results of this study: a lack of standardised guidelines for nurse academics to effectively supervise postgraduate research; the pressure that nurse academics experience regarding postgraduate research supervision; other demanding roles of an academic, such as a ...

  19. Research

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    first time, on the findings of a research study on the implementation of field trips in a management module in the BPharm curriculum and to conclude whether this intervention changed pharmacy students' perception of the module. Method. A mixed-method sequential exploratory research design was followed,.

  20. Research

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    2016-04-29

    Apr 29, 2016 ... Anonymity of respondents was assured by concealing their identity and research data was kept confidential for research purposes only. The study was conducted by full adherence of the ..... Samwel K. Misoi, Richard K. Rotich, Anthony K. Mwanthi and George. M. Mwita for their moderation throughout the ...

  1. Research

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    An interview guide approach was implemented in face-to-face in-depth interviews ... Dependability of the data collected was ensured through an audit trail. The main researcher and supervisor served as peer .... [16] A growing body of research reports that students with high academic resilience and self-efficacy are more ...

  2. Research

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Research. 108 September 2017, Vol. 9, No. 3 AJHPE. Methods. This is a qualitative descriptive study that explored nursing students' experiences. ..... Challenges and lessons learned. Clin. Simulation Nursing 2013;9(5):e157-e162. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecns.2011.11.011. 12. Creswell JW. Research Design. 4th ed.

  3. Research

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    5 mai 2014 ... caractère essentiel pour un suivi rigoureux du profil de résistance bactérienne aux antibiotiques dans les conditions d'exercice de pays aux ressources limitées afin de proposer des prophylaxies anti- infectieuses plus adéquates. Cette étude avait pour objectif d'isoler et d'identifier les germes incriminées ...

  4. Research

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    2015-09-09

    Sep 9, 2015 ... Traumatology, Umraniye Research and Education Hospital, 34899 ... This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons .... and major complication such as pain, seroma, dog ears, widening of.

  5. Research

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    that should promote basic capabilities and functionings as well as academic achievement. ... for development and wellbeing on an educational, personal and social level.[2] ... Research indicates that academic stressors, living circumstances, working conditions and where students undertake leisure activities affect.

  6. Research

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ebutamanya

    2015-08-28

    Aug 28, 2015 ... Ethiopia, 2Bahir Dar Regional Health Research Laboratory Center, Department ... of Public Health, 4Institute of Medical Microbiology and Epidemiology of Infectious .... active ingredient x 10,000 dilution rate of product): 0.1%.

  7. Research

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    raoul

    2011-11-14

    Nov 14, 2011 ... Background: For many women in Kenya, their husbands act as ... and researching whether men are translating this knowledge into action ..... older participants, and participants with multiparous wives, reflecting personal.

  8. Bibliography of publications related to Nevada-sponsored research of the proposed Yucca Mountain high-level radioactive waste repository site through 1994

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Johnson, M.

    1994-12-01

    Since 1985, the State of Nevada has sponsored academic/private sector research into various health, safety, and environmental issues identified with the Yucca Mountain site. This research has been documented in scientific peer-reviewed literature, conferences, and workshops, as well as numerous state-sponsored University thesis and dissertation programs. This document is a bibliography of the scientific articles, manuscripts, theses, dissertations, conference symposium abstracts, and meeting presentations produced as a result of state-sponsored research.

  9. PhD Research Proposal: How can effective Self-Directed-Learning be designed in an educational-pedagogic perspective for the Faculty of Education

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    R. de Jong

    2005-01-01

    The research methodology will be developmental research, defined as ‘The systematic study of designing, developing and evaluating instructional programs, processes and products that must meet the criteria of internal consistency and effectiveness.’ (Richey and Nelson, 1996, p. 1213). Using this kind

  10. 77 FR 47075 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-07

    ... systematic analysis in order to understand which types of laboratories would be likely to follow Proficiency... information is needed to complete the regulatory impact analysis. The Department of Health and Human Services... ensure a high response rate by promoting the survey through advertisements in laboratory trade...

  11. 77 FR 62516 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-15

    ... Campaign (Phase 2) using the same campaign name (``Tips from Former Smokers''), similar advertisement... conduct longer-term longitudinal analysis of respondents who participate in both the first wave (2012) and.... The analysis plan for Phase 2 of The Campaign will allow CDC to estimate smokers' and nonsmokers...

  12. 75 FR 382 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-05

    ... Doc No: E9-31369] DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention... influenza-like illness, Respiratory and Enterovirus surveillance, rabies, waterborne diseases, cholera and... 92 52 10/60 797 Surveillance System (NREVSS) Rabies (electronic) 40 12 8/60 64 Rabies (paper) 15 12...

  13. 78 FR 69417 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-19

    ... manufacture of devices such as liquid crystal displays, touch panels, solar cells, and architectural glass..., using, or recycling ITO. This project aims to understand and prevent this occupational lung disease by...

  14. 76 FR 61362 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-04

    ... and annulments granted in each county of New Mexico will use this form. This form is also designed to... Statistics Report Form in that they represent complete counts of marriages, divorces, and annulments...

  15. 76 FR 38180 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-29

    ... NHAMCS is to meet the needs and demands for statistical information about the provision of ambulatory... of stay of less than 30 days) or those whose specialty is general (medical or surgical) or children's... characteristics of the users and providers of hospital ambulatory medical care. Data collected include patients...

  16. 77 FR 20401 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-04

    ... to CDC as specified in the Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) Program Reporting System (OMB no... representatives of the Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology (SART), the American Society for Reproductive... respondents, including through the use of automated collection techniques or other forms of information...

  17. 77 FR 20400 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-04

    ... cessation services that help tobacco users quit through individualized, tailored counseling and self-help materials. Quitline counseling that includes counselor-initiated calls or proactive counseling has been... access to counseling for tobacco cessation. As part of the Initiative, NCI established a toll-free...

  18. 77 FR 71796 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-04

    ... systematic review methods for conducting evidence reviews using published literature, and completed a proof-of-concept test. Results of an extensive search and review of published literature using the methods... demonstrating practice effectiveness in the peer reviewed literature, but that they routinely ] conducted...

  19. 77 FR 11545 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-27

    ... reinforce the importance of timely collection of data related to tobacco usage. The evolution of new communications technologies that are completely mobile provides a unique opportunity for innovation in public...

  20. 77 FR 62515 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-15

    ... the leading cause of death for women in the United States, and is largely preventable. The WISEWOMAN... health data on vulnerable populations, promote public education about disease incidence and risk- factors... education and outreach, professional education, service delivery, cost, and progress toward meeting stated...