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  1. Die bevordering van geesteswetenskaplike studie*

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Elaine Botha

    1980-03-01

    Full Text Available Hierdie tema sou op ’n verskeidenheid van wyses aangepak kon word: Eerstens is dit moontlik om planne te bedink op grond waarvan die studentegetalle in die geesteswetenskappe verhoog sou kon word. Tweedens is dit moontlik om ’n soort wetenskaplike rasionalisasie te verskaf vir die feit dat die oënskynlik anachronis- tiese geesteswetenskappe nog steeds aangebied word in ’n tyd waarin die hele samelewing in die teken van die wetenskap en die tegniek staan. Dit sou natuurlik ook moontlik wees om die tema aan te pak vanuit ’n statistiese ontleding van die stand van die geesteswetenskappe en daardeur op tendense en ontwikkelingsrig- tinge te dui. Natuurlik sou daar voldoende grond wees om ook die hele kwessie van die gebrekkige finansiering van die geesteswetenskappe aan die orde te stel en ’n pleidooi te lewer vir beter salariëring van geesteswetenskaplik-geskooldes, beter beurse vir studente in die geesteswetenskappe en beslis meer geleenthede vir na- vorsing in die geesteswetenskappe. Voorts sou die uiteindelike werksituasie van die geesteswetenskaplik-geskoolde in oënskou geneem kon word. Indien daar ’n oor- skot van geesteswetenskaplik-geskooldes bestaan, sou dit geremedieer moes word en indien daar ’n tekort aan dergelike geskooldes sou bestaan, sou planne beraam moes word vir die aanmoediging van studie in hierdie rigting.

  2. DIE GEESTESSTRUKTUUR VAN DIE ONGELOOF In die studie van ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Test

    KARL MARX (1818-1883) en FRtEDRiCH ENGELS (1820-1895) aan vaar hierdie standpunt van FEUERBACH ten opsigte van die godsdiens as onomstootlik. FEUERBACH gaan egter nie ver genoeg nie; hy moes ook gevra het: waarom überhaupt projekteer die mens sy wese in die gestalte van 'n God? Die godsdiens is ...

  3. Studie van die letterkunde: Waarom?

    OpenAIRE

    D. H. Steenberg

    1981-01-01

    Sy woorde laat super-novae uitbars, blink, blink en straal deur ringe en lig-ure. Maar die blink die word deur ons gesien: anders nooit en nooit as blink geweet nie. (NP van Wyk Louw: Groot Ode, Tristia)

  4. Skeletal measurements among infants who die during the perinatal period: new population-based reference

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Olsen, Oeystein E.; Rosendahl, Karen [Department of Radiology, Haukeland University Hospital, 5021 Bergen (Norway); Lie, Rolv T. [Section for Medical Statistics and Medical Birth Registry of Norway, University of Bergen, Bergen (Norway); Maartmann-Moe, Helga [Department of Pathology, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen (Norway); Pirhonen, Jouko [Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Ullevaal Hospital, University of Oslo, Oslo (Norway); Lachman, Ralph S. [International Skeletal Dysplasia Registry, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, California (United States)

    2002-09-01

    Background: Reference data for roentgen skeletal measurements among infants who die during the perinatal period is not available, although it might prove helpful in the study of pre-autopsy radiographs. Objective: Our aim was to define new population-based reference data for skeletal measurements among infants who die during the perinatal period. Materials and methods: We routinely took standardised pre-autopsy radiographs of aborted and stillborn fetuses from 16 weeks gestational age to 7 days after delivery during a period of 11 years in our hospital. The data presented here represents nearly all perinatal deaths in a well-defined geographical area during the study period. We calculated detailed plots of estimated 10th-90th centiles and quartiles of different skeletal measurements by gestational age at death. Results: High correlations were seen between birth weight and the different skeletal measurements, including cranial width (r>0.9, P<0.001). We were not able to identify any asymmetrical pattern of skeletal growth. Reference plots for femoral, tibial, humeral, radial and lumbar spine lengths, and for pelvic width are presented. Conclusions: We suggest that the current population-based reference data might be beneficial, and that skeletal radiographic measurements might contribute substantially in the assessment of fetal growth stage and in detection of skeletal abnormalities in infants who die during the perinatal period. (orig.)

  5. Determinants of the risk of dying of HIV/AIDS in a rural South African community over the period of the decentralised roll-out of antiretroviral therapy: a longitudinal study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul Mee

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Background: Antiretroviral treatment (ART has significantly reduced HIV mortality in South Africa. The benefits have not been experienced by all groups. Here we investigate the factors associated with these inequities. Design: This study was located in a rural South African setting and used data collected from 2007 to 2010, the period when decentralised ART became available. Approximately one-third of the population were of Mozambican origin. There was a pattern of repeated circular migration between urban areas and this community. Survival analysis models were developed to identify demographic, socioeconomic, and spatial risk factors for HIV mortality. Results: Among the study population of 105,149 individuals, there were 2,890 deaths. The HIV/TB mortality rate decreased by 27% between 2007–2008 and 2009–2010. For other causes of death, the reduction was 10%. Bivariate analysis found that the HIV/TB mortality risk was lower for: those living within 5 km of the Bhubezi Community Health Centre; women; young adults; in-migrants with a longer period of residence; permanent residents; and members of households owning motorised transport, holding higher socioeconomic positions, and with higher levels of education. Multivariate modelling showed, in addition, that those with South Africa as their country of origin had an increased risk of HIV/TB mortality compared to those with Mozambican origins. For males, those of South African origin, and recent in-migrants, the risk of death associated with HIV/TB was significantly greater than that due to other causes. Conclusions: In this community, a combination of factors was associated with an increased risk of dying of HIV/TB over the period of the roll-out of ART. There is evidence for the presence of barriers to successful treatment for particular sub-groups in the population, which must be addressed if the recent improvements in population-level mortality are to be maintained.

  6. Determinants of the risk of dying of HIV/AIDS in a rural South African community over the period of the decentralised roll-out of antiretroviral therapy: a longitudinal study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mee, Paul; Collinson, Mark A.; Madhavan, Sangeetha; Kabudula, Chodziwadziwa; Gómez-Olivé, Francesc Xavier; Kahn, Kathleen; Tollman, Stephen M.; Hargreaves, James; Byass, Peter

    2014-01-01

    Background Antiretroviral treatment (ART) has significantly reduced HIV mortality in South Africa. The benefits have not been experienced by all groups. Here we investigate the factors associated with these inequities. Design This study was located in a rural South African setting and used data collected from 2007 to 2010, the period when decentralised ART became available. Approximately one-third of the population were of Mozambican origin. There was a pattern of repeated circular migration between urban areas and this community. Survival analysis models were developed to identify demographic, socioeconomic, and spatial risk factors for HIV mortality. Results Among the study population of 105,149 individuals, there were 2,890 deaths. The HIV/TB mortality rate decreased by 27% between 2007–2008 and 2009–2010. For other causes of death, the reduction was 10%. Bivariate analysis found that the HIV/TB mortality risk was lower for: those living within 5 km of the Bhubezi Community Health Centre; women; young adults; in-migrants with a longer period of residence; permanent residents; and members of households owning motorised transport, holding higher socioeconomic positions, and with higher levels of education. Multivariate modelling showed, in addition, that those with South Africa as their country of origin had an increased risk of HIV/TB mortality compared to those with Mozambican origins. For males, those of South African origin, and recent in-migrants, the risk of death associated with HIV/TB was significantly greater than that due to other causes. Conclusions In this community, a combination of factors was associated with an increased risk of dying of HIV/TB over the period of the roll-out of ART. There is evidence for the presence of barriers to successful treatment for particular sub-groups in the population, which must be addressed if the recent improvements in population-level mortality are to be maintained. PMID:25416322

  7. Patristiek en die studie van die Nuwe Testament

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Abstract. Patristics and the study of the New Testament. This article consists of two main parts. In the first part the importance of the study of Patristics is discussed. The author underscores Outler's logion that 'by itself, the New Testament is not a field of inquiry'. The heading of the second part is Instrumenta Studiorum. In this ...

  8. Die middel-adolessent se wiskundeprestasie: Die rol van emosionele intelligensie en studie-oriëntasie

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    Petro Erasmus

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Hierdie artikel het ten doel om oorsigtelik ’n insae te bied in die bevindinge van ’n studie (kwantitatief-kwalitatief wat veral gefokus het op die mate waartoe ’n kombinasie van komponente van emosionele intelligensie en dimensies van studie-oriëntasie middel-adolessente se wiskundeprestasie voorspel, asook hoe die prestasies van verskillende geslag- en graadgroepe (in hierdie studie verteenwoordig in dié opsig vergelyk. Altesaam 435 leerlinge in graad 9 en graad 11 aan die drie Engelsmedium-hoërskole in die Mafikeng-area het aan die studie deelgeneem. Die kwantitatiewe komponent van die studie het bestaan uit die implementering van twee gestandaardiseerde vraelyste. Leerders is gevra om ’n EI-vraelys, naamlik die Bar-On EQ-i:YVTM en die studie-oriëntasievraelys in wiskunde (SOW te voltooi, terwyl die kwalitatiewe tegniek wat in hierdie studie geïmplementeer is, fokusgroeponderhoude was. Die resultate dui daarop dat ’n kombinasie van die komponente van emosionele intelligensie en die dimensies van studie-oriëntasie as moontlike voorspellers van die middel-adolessent se wiskundeprestasie beskou kan word. Die volgende emosionele intelligensie (EI-komponente het as voorspellers van wiskundeprestasie na vore getree: algemene gemoedstoestand, aanpasbaarheid en intrapersoonlike gedrag. Die volgende studie-oriëntering in wiskunde (SOW-dimensies was voorspellers van wiskundeprestasie: probleemoplossing, studiegewoontes, inligtingverwerking en wiskundeangs. Temas wat uit die kwalitatiewe aspek van hierdie studie na vore getree het as moontlik bydraend tot leerders se ontoereikende wiskundeprestasie in Suid-Afrika, verwys spesifiek na uitdagings op makrovlak, naamlik in die maatskaplik ekonomiese kontekste; op mesovlak, naamlik die skool en gesin; en op mikrovlak – wat verwys na persoonlike invloed. Die volgende temas het tydens die triangulasieproses in sowel die kwalitatiewe asook kwantitatiewe resultate gemanifesteer: geslag

  9. Die sielkundige kontrak: Wedersydse verwagtings tydens die aanvangsfase van militêr-akademiese studies

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    J. A. Beukes

    1996-06-01

    Full Text Available The psychological contract: Mutual expectations during the join-up phase of military-academical studies. In order to determine the expectations of both the potential students of the Military Academy and the Military Academy itself, Kotter's expectation questionnaire was completed on 66 first year students and staff members of the Military Academy. Significant differences were found between the expectations of the students and the expectations of the organisation (as represented by those as staff members. The results also indicated significant differences between students with high expectations and those with low expectations in respect of work satisfaction and career expectations. Opsomming Ten einde voornemende militêre studente en die Militêre Akademie se verwagtings te bepaal, is 'n verwagtingsvraelys van Kotter op 66 eerstejaarstudente en staflede, verbonde aan die Militêre Akademie, geadministreer. Dit blyk uit die ondersoek dat beduidende verskille tussen studente se verwagtings en die organisasie se verwagtings (soos beliggaam in die van staflede bestaan en dat daar beduidende verskille tussen studente met hoe verwagtings en studente met lae verwagtings ten opsigte van werkstevredenheid en loopbaanverwagtings bestaan.

  10. Archaeometric study on minting dies produced under papal rule in Ferrara

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monticelli, Cecilia; Balbo, Andrea; Vaccaro, Carmela; Gulinelli, Maria Teresa; Garagnani, Gian Luca

    2013-12-01

    In the Civic Museum of Palazzo Schifanoia in Ferrara, a collection of 1104 coin striking tools is stored. Among these, eight steel dies produced from the 2nd decade of the seventeenth to the half of the eighteenth century, representative of the whole period of activity of the papal mint in Ferrara, have been chosen and studied. In that period, while important innovations in the coin minting technique were introduced in Europe, Ferrara declined from the rank of ducal mint to that of peripheral minting center of the highly centralized Papal States. The dies have been characterized by metallographic, chemical, and microhardness investigations. The results suggest that the dies were obtained by a manual smithing technique consisting in hammer hot forging. The die quality improved with time. In fact, in the period 1619-1622, a hardening treatment for the engraved die end consisting in a simple local carburization coexisted with a more efficient production method, based on the application of a proper final heat treatment. This treatment induced a graded microstructure from the engraved end, with a hard martensitic or bainitic structure, to the opposite end, with a tough ferritic/pearlitic structure. From 1675 onward, the latter production method was applied on all the studied dies. The chemical analysis of the alloys suggest that they were likely obtained from iron ores with a common provenance, while the analysis of the slag inclusions suggests the adoption of a direct method of ironmaking throughout the activity period of the mint.

  11. Nursing home residents dying with dementia in Flanders, Belgium: a nationwide postmortem study on clinical characteristics and quality of dying.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vandervoort, An; Van den Block, Lieve; van der Steen, Jenny T; Volicer, Ladislav; Vander Stichele, Robert; Houttekier, Dirk; Deliens, Luc

    2013-07-01

    There is a lack of large-scale, nationwide data describing clinical characteristics and quality of dying of nursing home residents dying with dementia. We set out to investigate quality of end-of-life care and quality of dying of nursing home residents with dementia in Flanders, Belgium. To obtain representativity, we conducted a postmortem study (2010) using random cluster sampling. In selected nursing homes, all deceased residents with dementia in a period of 3 months were reported. For each case, a structured questionnaire was filled in by the nurse most involved in care, the family physician, and the nursing home administrator. We used the Cognitive Performance Scale and Global Deterioration Scale to assess dementia. Main outcome measures were health status, clinical complications, symptoms at the end of life, and quality of dying. Health status, clinical complications, symptoms at the end of life, and quality of dying. We identified 198 deceased residents with dementia in 69 nursing homes (58% response rate). Age distribution was the same as all deceased residents with dementia in Flanders, 2010. Fifty-four percent had advanced dementia. In the last month of life, 95.5% had 1 or more sentinel events (eg, eating/drinking problems, febrile episodes, or pneumonia); most frequently reported symptoms were pain, fear, anxiety, agitation, and resistance to care. In the last week, difficulty swallowing and pain were reported most frequently. Pressure sores were present in 26.9%, incontinence in 89.2%, and cachexia in 45.8%. Physical restraints were used in 21.4% of cases, and 10.0% died outside the home. Comparing stages of dementia revealed few differences between groups regarding clinical complications, symptoms, or quality of dying. Regardless of the dementia stage, many nursing home residents develop serious clinical complications and symptoms in the last phase of life, posing major challenges to the provision of optimum end-of-life care. Copyright © 2013

  12. De-tabooing dying control - a grounded theory study

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    Background Dying is inescapable yet remains a neglected issue in modern health care. The research question in this study was “what is going on in the field of dying today?” What emerged was to eventually present a grounded theory of control of dying focusing specifically on how people react in relation to issues about euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide (PAS). Methods Classic grounded theory was used to analyze interviews with 55 laypersons and health care professionals in North America and Europe, surveys on attitudes to PAS among physicians and the Swedish general public, and scientific literature, North American discussion forum websites, and news sites. Results Open awareness of the nature and timing of a patient’s death became common in health care during the 1960s in the Western world. Open dying awareness contexts can be seen as the start of a weakening of a taboo towards controlled dying called de-tabooing. The growth of the hospice movement and palliative care, but also the legalization of euthanasia and PAS in the Benelux countries, and PAS in Montana, Oregon and Washington further represents de-tabooing dying control. An attitude positioning between the taboo of dying control and a growing taboo against questioning patient autonomy and self-determination called de-paternalizing is another aspect of de-tabooing. When confronted with a taboo, people first react emotionally based on “gut feelings” - emotional positioning. This is followed by reasoning and label wrestling using euphemisms and dysphemisms - reflective positioning. Rarely is de-tabooing unconditional but enabled by stipulated positioning as in soft laws (palliative care guidelines) and hard laws (euthanasia/PAS legislation). From a global perspective three shapes of dying control emerge. First, suboptimal palliative care in closed awareness contexts seen in Asian, Islamic and Latin cultures, called closed dying. Second, palliative care and sedation therapy, but not euthanasia

  13. Die topkwark

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    R. Tegen

    1998-07-01

    Full Text Available ’n Oorsig van die belangrikheid van die onlangs ontdekte topkwark by Fermilab in Chicago word gegee. Daar word aangetnon dat die topkwark belangrik is in fisika van die Oerknal, oftewel "Big Bang", en in die Standaard Model van Elementêredeeltjie-fisika. Toepaslike literatuur vir verdere studie kan van die lys van verwysings in hierdie kort, nietegniese artikel, nagegaan word.

  14. Phenomenological study of ICU nurses' experiences caring for dying patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    King, Phyllis Ann; Thomas, Sandra P

    2013-11-01

    This existential phenomenological study explored caring for the dying based on the philosophical works of Merleau-Ponty. Fourteen critical care nurses were asked to describe lived experiences of caring for dying patients. An encompassing theme of Promises to Keep emerged, with five subthemes, including the following: (a) promise to be truthful: "Nurses are in the game of reality," (b) promise to provide comfort: "I'll make him comfortable," (c) promise to be an advocate: "Just one more day," (d) "Promise that couldn't be kept," and (e) "Promise to remain connected." The essence of intensive care nurses' lived experience of caring for dying patients is captured in the theme Promises to Keep. Nurses accept the reality of death and express strong commitment to making it as comfortable, peaceful, and dignified as possible, despite critical care unit environments that foster a "paradigm of curing" rather than a "paradigm of caring.".

  15. DIE KERK, MAATSKAPPY EN VRYE VERENIGINGS: 'N STUDIE ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    maatskappy en vrye vereniging” moet dus óók teen hierdie agtergrond gelees en verstaan word. NGK-KO 1962 was die eerste kerkorde in 'n nuwe NG Kerktradisie wat by die eerste Algemene Sinode van die nuwe algemene sinodale verband van die NG Kerk in 1962 aanvaar is. 'n Kerkorde waarvan die hoofstukindeling ...

  16. Dying at home in Belgium: a descriptive GP interview study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Leemans, K.; van den Block, L.; Bilsen, J.; Cohen, J.; Boffin, N.; Deliens, L.

    2012-01-01

    Background: While increasing attention is being paid to enabling terminal patients to remain at home until death, limited information is available on the circumstances in which people at home actually die. Therefore this study aims to describe patient characteristics, functional and cognitive status

  17. 'n Verkennende studie met die oog op die identifísering en ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Gestaltists, Piaget, Tolman, Mowrer en Bandura. Dit dien reeds hier vermeld te word dat bestaande teorieë selde op rigiede wyse as slegs behavioristies of kognitief afgemaak kan word (Marx 1987:65-67,. 420-421; Hill 1985:211-215). Die verskil tussen die twee kategorieë leerteorieë soos bo vermeld kan met. 'n voorbeeld ...

  18. DIE PROGESTEROONKONSENTRASIE IN DIE BLOEDPLASMA VAN

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    plaasvind en alreeds binne 48 tot 72 vur voltooi is. Edgar & Ronaldson (1958) vind dat die periode vanaf die degenerasie van die corpus luteum totdat die eerste tekens van estrus waargeneem word by die ooi ongeveer. 2 dae is. Die seisoenseffek op progesteroonsekresie. Uit Fig. I is daar. 'n duidelike seisoenseffek ten ...

  19. Dying at home in Belgium: a descriptive GP interview study

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    Background While increasing attention is being paid to enabling terminal patients to remain at home until death, limited information is available on the circumstances in which people at home actually die. Therefore this study aims to describe patient characteristics, functional and cognitive status and physical and psychological symptom burden in the last three months of life among Belgian patients dying at home, according to their GPs. Methods In 2005, a nationwide and retrospective interview study with GPs took place on people dying at home in Belgium as reported by Sentinel Network of GPs in Belgium. GPs registered all deaths (patients aged 1 year or more) weekly and were interviewed about all patients dying non-suddenly at home, using face-to-face structured interviews. Results Interviews were obtained on 205 patients (90% response rate). Between the second and third month before death, 55% were fully invalid or limited in self-care. In the last week of life, almost all were fully invalid. Fifty four percent were unconscious at some point during the last week; 46% were fully conscious. Most frequently reported symptoms were lack of energy, lack of appetite and feeling drowsy. Conditions most difficult for GPs to manage were shortness of breath, lack of energy and pain. Conclusions Many people dying at home under the care of their GPs in Belgium function relatively well until the last week of life and cognitive status seems to be preserved until the end in many cases. However, symptoms which GPs find difficult to control still manifest in many patients in the final week of life. PMID:22260260

  20. Dying at home in Belgium: a descriptive GP interview study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leemans Kathleen

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background While increasing attention is being paid to enabling terminal patients to remain at home until death, limited information is available on the circumstances in which people at home actually die. Therefore this study aims to describe patient characteristics, functional and cognitive status and physical and psychological symptom burden in the last three months of life among Belgian patients dying at home, according to their GPs. Methods In 2005, a nationwide and retrospective interview study with GPs took place on people dying at home in Belgium as reported by Sentinel Network of GPs in Belgium. GPs registered all deaths (patients aged 1 year or more weekly and were interviewed about all patients dying non-suddenly at home, using face-to-face structured interviews. Results Interviews were obtained on 205 patients (90% response rate. Between the second and third month before death, 55% were fully invalid or limited in self-care. In the last week of life, almost all were fully invalid. Fifty four percent were unconscious at some point during the last week; 46% were fully conscious. Most frequently reported symptoms were lack of energy, lack of appetite and feeling drowsy. Conditions most difficult for GPs to manage were shortness of breath, lack of energy and pain. Conclusions Many people dying at home under the care of their GPs in Belgium function relatively well until the last week of life and cognitive status seems to be preserved until the end in many cases. However, symptoms which GPs find difficult to control still manifest in many patients in the final week of life.

  1. Quality of dying in nursing home residents dying with dementia: does advanced care planning matter? A nationwide postmortem study.

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    An Vandervoort

    Full Text Available Advance care planning is considered a central component of good quality palliative care and especially relevant for people who lose the capacity to make decisions at the end of life, which is the case for many nursing home residents with dementia. We set out to investigate to what extent (1 advance care planning in the form of written advance patient directives and verbal communication with patient and/or relatives about future care and (2 the existence of written advance general practitioner orders are related to the quality of dying of nursing home residents with dementia.Cross-sectional study of deaths (2010 using random cluster-sampling. Representative sample of nursing homes in Flanders, Belgium. Deaths of residents with dementia in a three-month period were reported; for each the nurse most involved in care, GP and closest relative completed structured questionnaires.We identified 101 deaths of residents with dementia in 69 nursing homes (58% response rate. A written advance patient directive was present for 17.5%, GP-orders for 56.7%. Controlling for socio-demographic/clinical characteristics in multivariate regression analyses, chances of having a higher mean rating of emotional well-being (less fear and anxiety on the Comfort Assessment in Dying with Dementia scale were three times higher with a written advance patient directive and more specifically when having a do-not-resuscitate order (AOR 3.45; CI,1.1-11 than for those without either (AOR 2.99; CI,1.1-8.3. We found no association between verbal communication or having a GP order and quality of dying.For nursing home residents with dementia there is a strong association between having a written advance directive and quality of dying. Where wishes are written, relatives report lower levels of emotional distress at the end of life. These results underpin the importance of advance care planning for people with dementia and beginning this process as early as possible.

  2. Environmental research concept for the period 2000 - 2003; Forschungskonzept Umwelt fuer die Jahre 2000 bis 2003

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-07-01

    This document published by the Swiss Agency for the Environment, Forests and Landscape (SAEFL) describes the concept for environmental research in Switzerland during the period 2000 - 2003. In a first part, the general state of environmental research is examined and the various public and private institutions involved are introduced. In the second part, the priorities for the period 2000 - 2003 are stated. The main points of focus, including the protection of the diversity of biological and landscape resources and their sustainable use, the protection of mankind and the environment from harmful substances and organisms, human behaviour, economical incentives and teaching systems, are discussed. Also, the targets of international agreements on environmental protection and the instruments to be used to implement them are examined. Finally, the report discusses the implementation of the declared research priorities and introduces the commission that is to watch over these activities. Figures are quoted on the funding necessary for the work and the importance of interdisciplinary and trans-disciplinary co-operation is stressed.

  3. Die sin en sintaksis in die Bantoetale

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    J. Breed

    1964-03-01

    Full Text Available Waar ek my ten doel stel om in hierdie rede die soek- lig op die sin en sintaksis te laat val, wil ek dit voorop stel dat die studie uit die aard van die saak alleen daarop gerig kan wees om die riglyne vir ’n sintaktiese beskrywing vir die Bantoetale te trek, en nie om ’n volledige beskrywing van die tale se sinsbou te gee nie. Die Departement Bantoetale het ’n tweeledige taak, nl. ’n praktiese en ’n akademiese; om die rede is die onderhawige probleem ’n dringende.

  4. Die volwassenheid van die bourekenaar se kontraktuele ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Die doel van hierdie artikel is om die beginsels wat die bourekenaar ondersteun om kontraktueel effektief te kommunikeer, te identifiseer en te meet om die standaard van die volwassenheid van die bourekenaar se bourekenkundige kontraktuele kommunikasie te bepaal. Hierdie artikel vorm deel van 'n volledige studie oor ...

  5. Temas uit die kerkgeskiedenis

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    J. H. van Wyk

    1993-06-01

    Full Text Available Dit is natuurlik 'n onbegonne taak om enigsins 'n poging aan te wend om 'n volle beeld van twee milleniums kerkgeskiedenis voor te hou. Wat die kerkgeskiedenis van Afrika betref, leef ons tans in die periode van die derde vestiging van die kerk in Afrika. Die eerste periode was aan die begin van ons Christelike jaartelling in Noord-Afrika en het groot name soos Tertullianus (+220, Cyprianus (+258 en Augustinus (+430 opgelewer. Die tweede periode was gedurende die vyftiende en sestiende eeu in Wes- en Oos-Afrika. In albei gevalle het die Christendom feitlik tot niet gegaan - iets waarna ons later weer sal verwys.

  6. Die rol van die bruikbaarheidsbenadering binne die e-leksikografie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André H. du Plessis

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available In die ontwikkeling van die teoretiese leksikografie was die primêre fokus van metaleksikograwe vroeër meestal op modelle vir die daarstelling van gedrukte woordeboeke. Soos die tegnologie vooruitgang maak, verskuif daardie fokus nou na elektroniese woordeboeke. Die ontwikkeling van woordeboeke as elektroniese produkte vestig tans die aandag op ’n leemte in die metaleksikografie. Hierdie leemte het gevolge vir die bestaande teoretiese modelle waarvolgens woordeboeke ontwerp word, asook die praktiese ontwikkeling van volwaardige leksikografiese naslaanbronne vir die toekoms. Elektroniese data- of inligtingsdraers soos woordeboeke is nie beperk tot die leksikografie nie, maar vind ook neerslag in ander velde soos inligtingstegnologie en taaltegnologie. Vir die bestaande leksikografieteorieë om suksesvol aan te pas by die elektroniese sfeer, moet daar aandag gegee word aan die fisiese en tegnologiese eienskappe van verskillende e-instrumente. Hierdie eienskappe moet aan sekere internasionale vereistes voldoen wat nie noodwendig altyd deur leksikograwe in ag geneem word nie. Deur gebruik te maak van die bruikbaarheidsbenadering en ander bruikbaarheidsteorieë kan die bestaande leksikografiese beginsels makliker en beter aangepas en toegepas word binne die elektroniese ruimte. Hierdie studie beoog daarom om die belangrikheid van die bruikbaarheidsbenadering vir (en die oorvleueling met die e-leksikografie bloot te lê en om te bewys hoe elektroniese woordeboeke nie sonder ander interdissiplinêre beginsels vanuit die tegnologiese sfeer ontwikkel behoort te word nie.

  7. Invitation to the Study of Dies and Molds

    OpenAIRE

    Baba, Toshiyuki

    2017-01-01

    Dies and molds are the apparatus for realizing dreams and ideas. They are metallic tools that produce many copies of the same product precisely and speedily. Materials that can be made in this way include plastics, metals, glass fibers, glasses, rubbers, polystyrene foams and foods. In this paper, for the better understanding of dies and molds, the author describes several features of dies and molds, such as their basic mechanism, their classification, their merits, the contribution of high-q...

  8. Single Minute Exchange of Die. A Case Study Implementation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    António Carrizo Moreira

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available The Single Minute Exchange of Die (SMED, a process-based innovation originally published in the mid 1980s, involves the separation and conversion of internal setup operations into external ones. Although very important in increasing productivity SMED experiences are not very widespread in Ibero-America. Accordingly, this article has as its main objective to contribute to the literature addressing this less studied topic: SMED. A case study was put forward emphasizing a process-based view. The main finding is that by implementing SMED techniques the firm managed to eliminate wastefulness and non-added value activities worth around 360 000€, which is about 2% of the firm’s sales volume.

  9. Understanding why older people develop a wish to die: a qualitative interview study.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rurup, M.L.; Pasman, H.R.W.; Goedhart, J.; Deeg, D.J.H.; Kerkhof, A.J.F.M.; Onwuteaka-Philipsen, B.D.

    2011-01-01

    Background: Quantitative studies in several European countries showed that 10-20% of older people have or have had a wish to die. Aims: To improve our understanding of why some older people develop a wish to die. Methods: In-depth interviews with people with a wish to die (n = 31) were carried out.

  10. Numerical Studies of Low Cycle Fatigue in Forward Extrusion Dies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Thomas Ø

    2000-01-01

    Forward extrusion dies typically fail due to transverse fatigue cracks or wear. Fatigue cracks are initiated in regions where the material is subjected to repeated plastic deformations, e.g. the transition radius in a forward extrusion die, in the present work, a material model capable of describ...

  11. Die leierskapsrol en -bevoegdhede van die skoolhoof en die bedryfsleier : 'n vergelykende studie / J.A. Breed

    OpenAIRE

    Breed, Josef Adriaan

    2008-01-01

    Although schools and industrial organisations have historically been, and in some cases still are, considered completely different entities, there is nevertheless an increasing awareness that similarities also exist. It can be a determining factor for the roles and competencies of school principals as leaders if indeed there is truth in the conception that schools ought to be led and managed as businesses (industrial organisations, companies). The aim of this study was to determine which ...

  12. De-tabooing dying control - a grounded theory study

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Thulesius, Hans O; Scott, Helen; Helgesson, Gert; Lynöe, Niels

    2013-01-01

    ...?" What emerged was to eventually present a grounded theory of control of dying focusing specifically on how people react in relation to issues about euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide (PAS...

  13. Nursing Home Residents Dying With Dementia in Flanders, Belgium: A Nationwide Postmortem Study on Clinical Characteristics and Quality of Dying

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vandervoort, A.; Block, L.; van der Steen, J.T.; Volicer, L.; van der Stichele, R.; Houttekier, D.; Deliens, L.

    2013-01-01

    Objectives: There is a lack of large-scale, nationwide data describing clinical characteristics and quality of dying of nursing home residents dying with dementia. We set out to investigate quality of end-of-life care and quality of dying of nursing home residents with dementia in Flanders, Belgium.

  14. Die bildungspolitischen Rahmenbedingungen einer Zertifizierung informellen Lernens in Deutschland – Ergebnisse einer Studie

    OpenAIRE

    Seidel, Sabine; Severing, Eckart; Geldermann, Brigitte

    2009-01-01

    Die Studie „Rahmenbedingungen einer Zertifizierung informellen Lernens in Deutschland“ wurde im Rahmen des Innovationskreises Weiterbildung beauftragt. Der Innovationskreis Weiterbildung (IKWB) hat in seinen Empfehlungen festgestellt, dass „über eine Anerkennung und Anrechnung erworbener Kompetenzen neue Zielgruppen für das Lernen im Lebenslauf gewonnen werden [können] … Dabei sollten auch Kompetenzen Anerkennung finden, die außerhalb der Bildungssysteme erworben wurden. Dies erfordert Instru...

  15. A comparative evaluation of linear dimensional accuracy of the dies obtained using three conceptually different die systems in the fabrication of implant prosthesis: An in vitro study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manawar Ahmad

    2014-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the linear dimensional accuracy between the implant master die and three conceptually different die systems such as Pindex system, Accu-trac precision die system, and Conventional brass dowel pin system. Materials and Methods: Thirty impressions of implant master die were made with polyether impression material. Ten experimental implant casts were fabricated for each of the three different die systems tested: Accu-trac precision die tray system, Pindex system, and conventional brass dowel pin system. The solid experimental casts were sectioned and then removed from the die system 30 times. Linear distances between all six possible distances were measured from one centre of the transfer coping to the other, using a co-ordinate measuring machine in millimeters up to accuracy of 0.5 microns. Data were tabulated and statistically analyzed by Binomial non parametric test using SPSS version 15. Results: Significant differences were found for distance A-B (P = 0.002, A-C ( P = 0.002, A-D (P value = 0.002, and B-D ( P = 0.021 in Conventional Dowel pin system however for Accu-trac precision die tray system, it was significant only for distance A-D (P = 0.002 but for Pindex system it was non-significant for all the distances measured. Conclusion: Within the limitations of this study, use of Pindex system is recommended when sectioned dies are needed for a multi implant retained prosthesis.

  16. Student nurses' experience of and attitudes towards care of the dying: A cross-sectional study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grubb, Catherine; Arthur, Antony

    2016-01-01

    Nurses are the professional group with the greatest contact with those at the end of life and their attitudes towards the care of the dying is important in care delivery. We investigated the relationship between student nurses' attitudes towards care of the dying and (1) demographics, (2) course factors and (3) experience of caring for people who are dying. A cross-sectional survey using the Frommelt's Attitude Toward Care of the Dying scale to measure respondents' attitudes. Nursing students studying at a university in the United Kingdom. A total of 567 completed questionnaires were returned, with 91.9% of respondents being classed as having a positive attitude towards care of the dying (Frommelt's Attitude Toward Care of the Dying score ⩾65). In adjusted analysis, higher (more positive) Frommelt's Attitude Toward Care of the Dying scores were associated with time on course and experience of caring for the dying. Third-year students had a score of 2.18 points greater than those in their first year (95% confidence interval: 0.36-4.01, p = 0.017). The adjusted differences in scores were 2.22 points greater for those who had prepared a dead body (95% confidence interval: 0.57-3.87, p = 0.008), 2.95 points greater for those who had cared for a dying patient (95% confidence interval: 1.09-4.08, p = 0.002) and 2.03 points greater for those who had cared for a dying relative or friend (95% confidence interval: 0.69-3.37, p = 0.003). The length of time in education and practical experience of caring for dying individuals are independently associated with positive attitudes towards care of the dying among student nurses. © The Author(s) 2015.

  17. Die invloed van 'n uitkomsgebaseerde onderrigprogram op die studiehouding van leerlinge : 'n verkennende studie

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    M.Ed. The influence of an outcomes-based education program on the study attitude of learners forms the theme for this research. During 1995, the management team of a Technical College took a strategic decision to implement pilot programs in outcomes-based education. The author was appointed as project manager for these pilot programs. This research is based on the pilot program in the following course: National Certificate: Orientation to N1-Engineering. The research has been undertaken to...

  18. Die subtiele aanleg en moontlikhede van die nominale styl: 'n Studie in Nuwe-Testamentiese Grieks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. B. Boshoff

    1988-01-01

    Full Text Available The subtle nature and possibilities of the nominal style: A study New Testament Greek Nominalization as a figure of speech in the New Testament Greek, or any other literature has not yet come to its full value. Nominatization occurs when events in the deep structure are presented in the aurface structuring in nominal form. The nominal form is chosen for the sake of certain fed. The method used to determine the specific contribution of the nominal form is to compare the nominal form with its verbal variant. Five functions of style have been determined for the nominal form: Acceptance ation, Spatialization, Degrading, Manifestation of courtesy and Profiling.

  19. Study on interfacial heat transfer coefficient at metal/die interface during high pressure die casting process of AZ91D alloy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    GUO Zhi-peng

    2007-02-01

    Full Text Available The high pressure die casting (HPDC process is one of the fastest growing and most efficient methods for the production of complex shape castings of magnesium and aluminum alloys in today’s manufacturing industry.In this study, a high pressure die casting experiment using AZ91D magnesium alloy was conducted, and the temperature profiles inside the die were Measured. By using a computer program based on solving the inverse heat problem, the metal/die interfacial heat transfer coefficient (IHTC was calculated and studied. The results show that the IHTC between the metal and die increases right after the liquid metal is brought into the cavity by the plunger,and decreases as the solidification process of the liquid metal proceeds until the liquid metal is completely solidified,when the IHTC tends to be stable. The interfacial heat transfer coefficient shows different characteristics under different casting wall thicknesses and varies with the change of solidification behavior.

  20. P. J. N. Smal, Die Universalisme in die Psalms. Academisch ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Test

    dat die historiese element in Israel se Godsopenbaring en daarmee die insig in sy betekenis te kort gedoen word. Die betekenis van die studie vir die historia revelationis is daardeur gering; as duidelike „tydlose” sistematisering van Outestamentiese gegewens oor die betrokke onder- werpe, soos die laaste hoofstuk, bl.

  1. Die gebruik van parallelplaatreologie vir die bepaling van die intrinsieke viskositeit van poli-etileentereftalaat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. C. Vorster

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available Die bepaling van die intrinsieke viskositeit van poli-etileentereftalaat word bemoeilik deur die feit dat daar tans slegs twee metodes in gebruik is. In die eerste metode word die bepaling deur middel van oplossingsviskometrie gedoen, maar die toksisiteit van die oplosmiddel, asook die tydperk wat dit neem om die bepaling te doen, is ’n probleem. Die tweede metode word beperk deur die kompleksiteit en beskikbaarheid van die apparatuur in Suid-Afrika. In hierdie studie word ’n alternatiewe metode, gebaseer op parallelplaatreologie, voorgestel wat albei hierdie probleme oorkom en die resultate sodoende verkry, word vergelyk met dié wat met bestaande metodes verkry is.

  2. Die meting van neurolinguistiese programmering se verteenwoordigende stelsels: 'n Eksploratiewe studie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. C. Bester

    2000-06-01

    Full Text Available The measurement of neurolinguistic programming's representative systems: an Exploratory study. An overview of Psychology literature indicates that various authors have agreed upon the existence of Neurolinguistic Programming's (NLP representative systems. Until recently, no study has been reported in the literature that offers a comprehensive measuring instrument for these constructs. The principal aim of this study was to determine the desirability of measuring NLPs representative systems with a comprehensive normative questionnaire. Three theoretical constructs were hypothesized and a "Questionnaire on Sensory Modalities" consisting of 84 items was developed. This questionnaire was administered to students (N=338 from three different tertiary institutions. A second factor analysis on the 18 subscores of a first factor analysis, yielded two factors that did not reflect the three representative systems. The implications of these findings are discussed.Opsomming 'n Oorsig van die Sielkunde-literatuur wys daarop dat verskeie outeurs saamstem oor die bestaan van Neurolinguistiese Programmering (NLP se verteenwoordigende stelsels. Tot onlangs toe is geen studie oor die bestaan van n omvattende meetinstrument vir NLP se verteenwoordigende stelsels in die literatuur gerapporteer nie. Die hoofdoel van die onderhawige studie was om vas te stel of dit wenslik is om NLP se verteenwoordigende stelsels met 'n omvattende normatiewe vraelys te meet. Drie konstrukte is voorveronderstel en 'n "Vraelys oor Sensoriese Modaliteite", bestaande uit 84 items, is gekonstrueer. Hierdie vraelys is afgeneem op studente (N=338 van drie verskillende tersiere instellings. hTweede faktorontleding op die 18 subtellings van n eerste faktorontleding, het twee faktore opgelewer wat nie die drie verteenwoordigende stelsels suiwer weergee nie. Die implikasies van hierdie bevindinge word bespreek.

  3. Determinants of care outcomes for patients who die in hospital in Ireland: a retrospective study.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    McKeown, Kieran

    2015-04-18

    More people die in hospital than in any other setting which is why it is important to study the outcomes of hospital care at end of life. This study analyses what influenced outcomes in a sample of patients who died in hospital in Ireland in 2008\\/9. The study was undertaken as part of the Irish Hospice Foundation\\'s Hospice Friendly Hospitals Programme (2007-2012).

  4. Die Entzauberung einer Ikone: Annette Schlichters Studie über den weiblichen Wahnsinn

    OpenAIRE

    Claudia Hauser

    2002-01-01

    Die repräsentationskritisch angelegte Studie Annette Schlichters setzt sich mit älteren feministischen – literarischen und theoretischen – Texten zum „weiblichen Wahnsinn“ auseinander. Am Beispiel von Sylvia Plaths Roman The Bell Jar zeigt sie die Schwächen des soziokulturellen Zugangs von Phyllis Chesler und Elaine Showalter, der die Analogie von Weiblichkeit und Wahnsinn reproduziert. Einen möglichen Ausweg aus dem Repräsentationsdilemma ermöglicht nach Schlichter das Genre der Theorie-Fikt...

  5. Die rol van die blanke werker in die motivering van die swart werker

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. J. Oosthuizen

    1980-11-01

    Full Text Available The motivation of the Black worker can not be studied in isolation since the White worker still holds many executive positions and therefore has an influence on the Black workers' motivation. The role of the White worker in motivating the Black worker in a specific organisation and the attitude and leadership approach of the White worker on the existence/nonexistence and relative satisfaction of the needs of Black workers are discussed.Opsomming Die motivering van die Swart werker kan nie in die huidige situasie in isolasie bestudeer word nie, omdat die Blanke werker steeds in die bestuursposisie is en daarom die motivering van die Swart werker kan beïnvloed. Hierdie ondersoek was daarop gerig om die rol van die Blanke werker in die motivering van die Swart werker nader te ondersoek. Die houding en die leierskapsbenadering van die Blanke werker teenoor die Swart werker is gemeet, asook die behoeftes wat volgens die Blanke werker by die Swart werker bestaan, bevredig is, of nie bestaan nie. Die behoeftes van Swart werkers, soos deur hulleself gesien, is ook ondersoek. Ten opsigte van sekere aspekte is beduidende verskille gevind.

  6. Lernkonzepte im frühen Management. Die motion studies von Frank Bunker und Lillian Moller Gilbreth

    OpenAIRE

    Althans, Birgit

    2007-01-01

    Die Autorin untersucht die managementbezogenen Lernkonzepte amerikanischer Industrie des frühen 20. Jahrhunderts am Beispiel des Ehepaars Frank Bunker und Lillian Moller Gilbreth. In einem ersten Schritt wird [Frank Bunker] Gilbreths Methode der motion studies in Differenz zu [Frederick Winslow] Taylors time studies präsentiert und verdeutlicht, warum die Praxis der Gilbreths die Einbeziehung und (Um-)Erziehung des Arbeiters verlangte. Zweitens wird gezeigt, wie diese Praxis in den Schriften ...

  7. Die binding van die konfessie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. J. Coetzee

    1970-06-01

    Full Text Available Ons moet waak teen twee uiterstes. Aan die een kant het die dogma as onversoenlike vyand die dogmatisme en aan die ander kant die antidogmatisme — dit hou enersyds die gevaar in van verabsolutering (oorskatting, en ander- syds die gevaar van relativisme (onderskatting.

  8. Die instelling van die doop

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. L. Venter

    1989-06-01

    Full Text Available Die eerste plek in die evangeliebeskrywings waar daar van die doop as ’n opdrag van Jesus Christus gepraat word en waar die betekenis die duidelikste uitkristalliseer, staan in Matteus 28 : 16 - 20. Heilshistories gesien, is dit die begin van kerklike inlywing van die wat gehoor het hoedat Jesus sy koninkryk proklameer, die evangelie aanvaar en tot bekering kom. Vir die doel van hierdie artikel word hierdie gedeelte ondersoek om te sien hoe die instelling geskied het, wat die plek en betekenis van die Christelike doop is.

  9. Die eenheid van die universiteit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    W. N. Coetzee

    1969-03-01

    Full Text Available Dit lyk na ’n teenstrydigheid otn te besin oor die eenheid van ’n universiteit. Die naam „universiteit” is tog afgelei van die Latynse woord „universitas”, wat in die amptelike stukke van die meeste Europese lande vandag nog gebruik word. Hierdie woord beteken „die geheel” en dit veronderstel natuurlik dadelik eenheid.

  10. Die kerkregtelike posisie van die ouderling en diaken in die ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ) en die Diakonale Dienskomitees (DDK). Die ADR en die RDR moet slegs as komplimentêr gesien word ten opsigte van die gemeentelike barmhartigheid, omdat die swaartepunt van die barmhartigheid steeds in die gemeente, waar die kerk ...

  11. Die gesin van oorsprong en eetversteurings: 'n fenomenologiese studie

    OpenAIRE

    2008-01-01

    M.A. In this study an attempt is made to understand the phenomenological experience of girls in late adolescence who have had eating disorders, as well as the family dynamics that form part of this disorder. A developmental perspective regarding adolescence is discussed in this study. Eating disorders as a construct and the family of origin are broadly discussed in the literature chapter. Phenomenological research procedures are used to investigate three participants’ experience of eating ...

  12. Effect of aging period on the characteristics and coagulation behavior of polyferric chloride and polyferric chloride-polyamine composite coagulant for synthetic dying wastewater treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Baoyu; Liu, Bin; Chen, Ting; Yue, Qinyan

    2011-03-15

    In this paper, a new composite inorganic-organic coagulant (PFC-EPI-DMA) was prepared by polyferric chloride (PFC) and epichlorohydrin-dimethylamine (EPI-DMA) under a given EPI-DMA/Fe and OH/Fe molar ratio. In comparison with PFC, the Fe (III) species and zeta potential of PFC-EPI-DMA were measured. Then their coagulation performance and coagulation kinetics for treating synthetic reactive dying wastewater were investigated. The results showed that the content of Fe(a) and Fe(b) in PFC-EPI-DMA and PFC coagulants decreased with increasing aging period. Compared to PFC, PFC-EPI-DMA had higher content of Fe(a) but lower content of Fe(b) and Fe(c). The zeta potentials of two coagulants decreased with increasing aging period within all tested pH range. For the treatment of reactive red 24, the color removal efficiency treated by PFC-EPI-DMA decreased, while that treated by PFC remained almost constant with increasing aging period. However, the color removal efficiencies of reactive blue 14 treated by two coagulants both decreased with increasing aging period. The results of floc aggregation process confirmed that with increasing aging period, the orders of floc growth rate, ratio and TWV treated by two coagulants were complicated. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  13. Symptoms, treatment and "dying peacefully" in terminally ill cancer patients: a prospective study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Georges, J.J.; Philipsen, B.D.; van der Heide, A.; van der Wal, G.; van der Maas, P.J.

    2005-01-01

    Goals: The aims of this study were to describe the symptoms, their treatment during the final months of life of terminally ill cancer patients and to assess characteristics of the dying process. Patients and methods: We used a prospective study design. From a representative sample of physicians who

  14. Symptoms, treatment and "dying peacefully" in terminally ill cancer patients: a prospective study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Georges, J.J.; Philipsen, B.D.; Heide, van der A.; Wal, van der G.; Maas, van der P.J.

    2005-01-01

    GOALS: The aims of this study were to describe the symptoms, their treatment during the final months of life of terminally ill cancer patients and to assess characteristics of the dying process. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We used a prospective study design. From a representative sample of physicians who

  15. Energy research programme on photovoltaics for the 2008 - 2011 period; Energieforschungsprogramm Photovoltaik fuer die Jahre 2008 - 2011

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nowak, S.

    2008-09-15

    This report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) presents and discusses the Swiss Energy Research Programme on Photovoltaics for the period 2008 - 2011. The programme is to continue the tried and tested concept of previous years and will involve all the important players in the Swiss photovoltaics area. The report reviews the situation at the international level and the situation in Switzerland. Future developments are discussed. Financing aspects are looked at and the main focal points for the period are listed, including solar cells, solar modules and building integration, electrical system technology, international co-operation and pilot and demonstration projects. In a chapter on national co-operation, competence centres and industry are looked at and co-operation with other Swiss federal and cantonal institutions as well as with private institutions and the electricity industry is reviewed. Operational aspects of the programme such as project submission and assessment, project management and controlling are discussed. Information and communication work, including seminars, conferences and the Internet are discussed. The report is concluded with lists of research and development projects as will as pilot and demonstration projects, references and internet links. Appendices include a review of photovoltaic technologies, an extract from the Swiss Energy Research Concept for 2008 - 2011, a review of the various factors and competencies involved and an overview of international programmes and networks.

  16. Case study: an ethical dilemma involving a dying patient.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pacsi, Alsacia L

    2008-01-01

    Nursing often deals with ethical dilemmas in the clinical arena. A case study demonstrates an ethical dilemma faced by healthcare providers who care for and treat Jehovah's Witnesses who are placed in a critical situation due to medical life-threatening situations. A 20-year-old, pregnant, Black Hispanic female presented to the Emergency Department (ED) in critical condition following a single-vehicle car accident. She exhibited signs and symptoms of internal bleeding and was advised to have a blood transfusion and emergency surgery in an attempt to save her and the fetus. She refused to accept blood or blood products and rejected the surgery as well. Her refusal was based on a fear of blood transfusion due to her belief in Bible scripture. The ethical dilemma presented is whether to respect the patient's autonomy and compromise standards of care or ignore the patient's wishes in an attempt to save her life. This paper presents the clinical case, identifies the ethical dilemma, and discusses virtue ethical theory and principles that apply to this situation.

  17. Die wese van godsdienssin - ’n empiriese studie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J.C. Kok

    1993-03-01

    Full Text Available In this article the following issues concerning the essence of religiosity are considered: faith, trust, decision making, knowledge of principles, commitment, direction, hope, peace, meaning and security. The respondents used in this study were politicians, businessmen and teacher educators from all sectors and regions of South Africa. Higher order factor analysis and item analysis were used to evaluate the validity and reliability of the questionnaire. Subsequently differential differences were investigated by applying Hotelling's T-square test followed by the Student t-test as well as Multivariate Analysis of Variance (ANOVA and Scheffe. Significant differences in the degree of religiosity were found between language and religious groups, as well as between respondents with different educational qualifications and between those living in urban and rural areas. Ministers of religion should note that it is essential to guide believers to a greater commitment and to the religious seeking of meaning and peace. The correct knowledge of and insight into the essence of religiosity will lead to attaining this goal.

  18. Die Entzauberung einer Ikone: Annette Schlichters Studie über den weiblichen Wahnsinn

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia Hauser

    2002-03-01

    Full Text Available Die repräsentationskritisch angelegte Studie Annette Schlichters setzt sich mit älteren feministischen – literarischen und theoretischen – Texten zum „weiblichen Wahnsinn“ auseinander. Am Beispiel von Sylvia Plaths Roman The Bell Jar zeigt sie die Schwächen des soziokulturellen Zugangs von Phyllis Chesler und Elaine Showalter, der die Analogie von Weiblichkeit und Wahnsinn reproduziert. Einen möglichen Ausweg aus dem Repräsentationsdilemma ermöglicht nach Schlichter das Genre der Theorie-Fiktion, wie es Luce Irigarays Essays „This Sex Which Is Not One“ und „When Our Lips Speak Together“ und Kathy Ackers Roman „Don Quixote – which was a dream“ zeigen. Hier seien Ansätze einer Resignifikation von Weiblichkeit festzustellen.

  19. Judith, Niklas und das Dritte der Geschlechterdifferenz: undoing gender und die Post Gender Studies

    OpenAIRE

    Hirschauer, Stefan

    2016-01-01

    "Der Beitrag diskutiert die Konzepte des doing und undoing gender. Zunächst rekonstruiert er den methodologischen Sinn der Rede von 'doing' X, die Folgeprobleme und Radikalitätsverluste des doing gender sowie dessen soziologische Ergänzungsbedürftigkeit um das Konzept des 'undoing gender'. Anschließend betrachtet er das Verhältnis von Mikround Makrotheorien in den Gender Studies. Dort wird der Reichweitenlimitierung des (un)doing gender-Theorems oft mit einer rhetorischen Prämodernisierung de...

  20. Theoretical study on Cold Open Die Forging Process Optimization for Multipass Workability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gaikwad Ajitkumar

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Cold Workability limits strength enhancement of austenitic materials through cold deformation. The intrinsic workability is the material characteristic whereas state-of-stress workability is governed by nature of applied stress, strain rate and geometry of deformation zone. For Cold Open Die Forging (CODF, multipass workability is essential. In this work, FEM tool FORGE-3 is used to optimize CODF on hydraulic press by analysis of stress-strain profiles and use of Latham-Cockroft damage criterion. Study recommends optimized process parameters, die combinations and pass-schedules.

  1. Die Suid-Afrikaanse romansisteem anno 1981 : 'n vergelykende studie / Hendrik Marthinus Viljoen

    OpenAIRE

    Viljoen, Hein

    1985-01-01

    The purpose of this study is the reconstruction of the system of the South African novel during 1981 by means of the Comparison of three novels and their reception. The three novels are Op die rug van die tier by Anna M. Louw, A ride on the whirlwind by Sipho Sepamla and July's people by Nadine Gordimer. In chapter 1 key concepts of the general systems theory are discussed and a theory of literary systems deduced from the work of literary theorists. The main conclusions a...

  2. Where to die? That is the question: A study of cancer patients in Israel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barak, Frida; Livshits, Sofia; Kaufer, Haana; Netanel, Ruth; Siegelmann-Danieli, Nava; Alkalay, Yasmin; Kreitler, Shulamith

    2015-04-01

    Most patients prefer to die at home, but barely 30% do so. This study examines the variables contributing to dying at home. The participants were 326 cancer patients, of both genders, with a mean age of 63.25 years, who died from 2000 to 2008 and were treated by the palliative care unit of the Barzilai Hospital. Some 65.7% died at home and 33.4% in a hospital. The data were extracted from patient files. The examined variables were demographic (e.g., age, gender, marital status, ethnic background, number of years in Israel until death), medical (e.g., age at diagnosis, diagnosis, nature of last treatment, patient received nursing care, patient given the care of a social worker, patient had care of a psychologist, family received care of a social worker, patient had a special caregiver), and sociological (e.g., having insurance, having worked in Israel, living alone or with family, living with one's children, living in self-owned or rented house, family members working). The findings indicate that the chances of dying at home are higher if the patient is non-Ashkenazi, the family got social worker care, the patient lived in a self-owned house, the patient lived with his family, the family members worked, and the patient's stay in Israel since immigration was longer. Logistic regression showed that all the predictors together yielded a significant model accounting for 10.9-12.3% of the variance. The findings suggest that dying at home requires maintaining continued care for the patient and family in a community context.

  3. Die Afrikaanse volkskultuur en die nuwe wêreld

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J.H. Coetzee

    1970-03-01

    Full Text Available Die opskrif dwing die referent om te opereer met twee begrippe wat deur hulle kompleksiteit en onbelyndheid uiters moeilik bepaalbaar en hanteerbaar is. Alhoewel sommige strominge in die moderne Volkekunde die reg van hierdie wetenskap erken om alle volkskulture, ook dié van die moderne volke te bestudeer, het weinig skrywers hulle energie en vaardigheid in hierdie rigting gewaag. Dit is trouens juis die begrensdheid, homogeniteit en betreklike eenvoud van die primitiewe volkskulture wat die beoefenaars van die vak in die praktyk gedwing en verlei het om hulle aandag feitlik uitsluitend op sodanige kultuurstudies toe te spits. Die studie van die grotere en moderne volke is links gelaat aangesien die getalsterkte, interne verskeidenheid en snelle veranderinge byna onoorkoomlike eise aan die navorser stel.

  4. Wie bewerten die Fluggäste den Klimaeinsatz und die Klimakommunikation von Fluggesellschaften? - eine empirische Studie der Haltungen deutscher und dänischer Flugreisenden

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Aase Voldgaard

    Zur Nachhaltigkeitskommunikation der großen Fluggesellschaften in Deutschland und Dänemark gehört die Kommunikation über ihre Maßnahmen gegen den Klimawandel. Nach einer Studie der Webkommunikation dänischer und deutscher Fluggesellschaften werden Klimafragen nur bei den größten Fluggesellschaften...

  5. Telemedicine’s potential to support good dying in Nigeria: a qualitative study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Gurp, J.; Soyannwo, O.; Odebunmi, K.; Dania, S.; van Selm, M.; van Leeuwen, E.; Vissers, K.; Hasselaar, J.

    2015-01-01

    Objectives This qualitative study explores Nigerian health care professionals’ concepts of good dying/a good death and how telemedicine technologies and services would fit the current Nigerian palliative care practice. Materials and Methods Supported by the Centre for Palliative Care Nigeria (CPCN)

  6. A study of attitudes of nurses toward death and dying in tertiary ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The study was carried out to find out the attitudes of nurses' toward death and dying patients in three (3) tertiary (health) institutions in Cross River State. A twenty (20) items close-ended questionnaire on the four points Likert scale model was designed and administered to a sample population of six hundred (600) ...

  7. Death and Dying Attitudes, Anxieties, and Fears of Certified Nursing Assistants: A Descriptive Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamilton, Josephine A.

    2010-01-01

    The critical role of Certified Nursing Assistants (CNAs) to help elderly nursing home residents' move through declining conditions or diseases to death is salient. It is important for CNAs and nursing home leaders to understand CNAs' attitudes, fears, and anxieties toward death and dying. The quantitative study investigated CNA's…

  8. DIE KLOOF TUSSEN ROME EN DIE PROTESTANTISME Die ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Test

    ryke leër van die belyders noem U die tempel van die heiligste Drie vuldigheid. Die hele hemelse hof eer U as Koningin. U is die Konin gin van die engele, die poort van die paradys. Leer tot die glorie van die hemel, troon van God, ark van versoening en genade. Kanaal van genade, Bruid en Moeder van die ewige Koning.

  9. Studying the Nazi Period: Some Considerations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Molnar, Alex; And Others

    1984-01-01

    Students should be taught how to make well-reasoned and analytic judgments about the Nazis. The process of arriving at judgments about the Nazi period should be characterized by a factual knowledge of the Nazi era within a general historical knowledge of the period, sympathy, and an open mind. (RM)

  10. Die verband tussen loopbaanvolwassenheid, rolbelangrikheid en akademiese prestasie: 'n Verkennende studie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. E. Kotze

    1993-06-01

    Full Text Available The relationship between career maturity, role importance and academic performance: an exploratory study. Academically successful and -unsuccessful students were compared with regard to their career maturity, life role importance and work values. The experimental design provided for two matched groups. The subjects were 14 pairs of first year students in a career directed degree course. Academically unsuccessful students measured significantly higher with regard to participation in, commitment to and value expectations of their role as worker. The same group of students also measured more career mature with regard to decision-making, world-of-work information and career planning. No significant differences were found for work values. More research is necessary to confirm the possible explanations for the results. Opsomming Akademies-suksesvolle en -onsuksesvolle studente is vergelyk ten opsigte van hulle loopbaanvolwassenheid, belangrikheid van lewensrolle en werkwaardes. Die eksperimentele ontwerp het voorsiening gemaak vir twee afgepaarde groepe. Die proefpersone was 14 pare eerstejaarstudente in 'n beroepsgerigte graadkursus. Akademiesonsuksesvolle studente het beduidend hoer gemeet ten opsigte van hulle deelname aan, betrokkenheid by en waardeverwagtinge van hul rol as werker. Dieselfde groep studente het ook meer loopbaanvolwasse gemeet met betrekking tot besluitneming, wereld-van-werk informasie en loopbaanbeplanning. Geen beduidende verskille is ten opsigte van werkwaardes gevind nie. Verdere navorsing om die moontlike verklarings vir die resultate te bevestig, is nodig.

  11. Telemedicine’s Potential to Support Good Dying in Nigeria: A Qualitative Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Gurp, Jelle; Soyannwo, Olaitan; Odebunmi, Kehinde; Dania, Simpa; van Selm, Martine; van Leeuwen, Evert; Vissers, Kris; Hasselaar, Jeroen

    2015-01-01

    Objectives This qualitative study explores Nigerian health care professionals’ concepts of good dying/a good death and how telemedicine technologies and services would fit the current Nigerian palliative care practice. Materials and Methods Supported by the Centre for Palliative Care Nigeria (CPCN) and the University College Hospital (UCH) in Ibadan, Nigeria, the authors organized three focus groups with Nigerian health care professionals interested in palliative care, unstructured interviews with key role players for palliative care and representatives of telecom companies, and field visits to primary, secondary and tertiary healthcare clinics that provided palliative care. Data analysis consisted of open coding, constant comparison, diagramming of categorizations and relations, and extensive member checks. Results The focus group participants classified good dying into 2 domains: a feeling of completion of the individual life and dying within the community. Reported barriers to palliative care provision were socio-economic consequences of being seriously ill, taboos on dying and being ill, restricted access to adequate medical–technical care, equation of religion with medicine, and the faulty implementation of palliative care policy by government. The addition of telemedicine to Nigeria’s palliative care practice appears problematic, due to irregular bandwidth, poor network coverage, and unstable power supply obstructing interactivity and access to information. However, a tele-education ‘lite’ scenario seemed viable in Nigeria, wherein low-tech educational networks are central that build on non-synchronous online communication. Discussion Nigerian health care professionals’ concepts on good dying/a good death and barriers and opportunities for palliative care provision were, for the greater part, similar to prior findings from other studies in Africa. Information for and education of patient, family, and community are essential to further improve

  12. Telemedicine's Potential to Support Good Dying in Nigeria: A Qualitative Study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jelle van Gurp

    Full Text Available This qualitative study explores Nigerian health care professionals' concepts of good dying/a good death and how telemedicine technologies and services would fit the current Nigerian palliative care practice.Supported by the Centre for Palliative Care Nigeria (CPCN and the University College Hospital (UCH in Ibadan, Nigeria, the authors organized three focus groups with Nigerian health care professionals interested in palliative care, unstructured interviews with key role players for palliative care and representatives of telecom companies, and field visits to primary, secondary and tertiary healthcare clinics that provided palliative care. Data analysis consisted of open coding, constant comparison, diagramming of categorizations and relations, and extensive member checks.The focus group participants classified good dying into 2 domains: a feeling of completion of the individual life and dying within the community. Reported barriers to palliative care provision were socio-economic consequences of being seriously ill, taboos on dying and being ill, restricted access to adequate medical-technical care, equation of religion with medicine, and the faulty implementation of palliative care policy by government. The addition of telemedicine to Nigeria's palliative care practice appears problematic, due to irregular bandwidth, poor network coverage, and unstable power supply obstructing interactivity and access to information. However, a tele-education 'lite' scenario seemed viable in Nigeria, wherein low-tech educational networks are central that build on non-synchronous online communication.Nigerian health care professionals' concepts on good dying/a good death and barriers and opportunities for palliative care provision were, for the greater part, similar to prior findings from other studies in Africa. Information for and education of patient, family, and community are essential to further improve palliative care in Africa. Telemedicine can only help

  13. die rol van die unieverdedigingsmag in die onderdrukking van die ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DIE ROL VAN DIE UNIEVERDEDIGINGSMAG. IN DIE ONDERDRUKKING VAN DIE. NYWERHEIDSONLUSTE. VAN JANUARIE. 1914. Maj C.J. Jacobs. During the Railways and Mineworkers strike which commenced on the 18th of January 1914, the. Union Defence Force, enlarged by the Active Citizen Force and assisted ...

  14. Dying, death and bereavement: a qualitative study of the views of carers of people with heart failure in the UK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Small Neil

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background This paper explores carers' views of dying, death and bereavement for family members who had recently died with heart failure adding to a growing literature on end of life experiences for people with conditions other than cancer. Methods Twenty interviews were conducted with bereaved carers of older people with heart failure (HF who had been participating in a longitudinal study. Carers were approached in writing 3 months after the death. Interviews were transcribed verbatim and analysed thematically with the assistance of NUD*IST. Results Findings were grouped into three time periods: prior to death; the death itself and bereavement. Most carers found discussions about end of life with their family member prior to death difficult. Dissatisfaction with the manner of the death was focused around hospital care, particularly what they believed to be futile treatments. In contrast deaths in the home were considered 'good'. Carers adopted a range of coping strategies to deal with grief including 'using their faith' and 'busying themselves' with practicalities. There was some satisfaction with services accessed during the bereavement period although only a small number had taken up counselling. Discussion Our findings suggest that an absence of discussion about end of life care wishes with family members or health professionals is a barrier to advance care planning. Carers' perceptions about prioritising making the dying person comfortable can be in conflict with doctors' decisions to treat. Whilst carers report a range of strategies adopted in response to bereavement there is a need for continued support for vulnerable carers after the death of the person with HF.

  15. Die ontwikkeling van die bestuursmotiveringsvraelys (BMV

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    A. S. Engelbrecht

    1991-06-01

    Full Text Available The development of the Managerial Motivation Questionnaire (MMQ: Several criticisms of the psychometric suitability of existing measures of managerial motivation are reported in the literature. This study aimed at developing a new psychometrically sound instrument, the Managerial Motivation Questionnaire (MMQ. This was done on the basis of a comprehensive study of the literature on managerial motivation and the role-motivation theory. The preliminary MMQ was systematically shortened and refined until the final MMQ of 98 items was composed. This was based on social desirability and semantic appraisal, item analysis and factor analysis of the questionnaire. The results indicate that it was possible to develop a final MMQ that was relatively free of social desirability. It further demonstrated satsifactory internal consistencies on two samples (a = 0/90, N = 360; a = 0/91, N = 535, where all subscale items were found to be relatively pure measures of the isolated factors. Although some evidence was found providing support for the reliability of the MMQ, a need for further research on the construct validity of managerial motivation still exists. Opsomming In die literatuur word verskeie punte van kritiek teen die psigometriese geskiktheid van bestaande meetinstrumente van bestuursmotivering gerapporteer. Die doelstelling van hierdie studie was dus om aan die hand van die konseptuele omiyning van bestuursmotivering, en die rolmotiveringsteorie as algemene verwysingsraamwerk, 'n nuwe psigometries aanvaarbare meetinstrument, die Bestuursmotiveringsvraelys (BMV, te ontwikkel. Op grond van sosiale wenslikheids- en semantiese beoordeling, itemontleding en faktorontleding van die voorlopige BMV is die vraelys stelselmatig verkort en verfyn totdat die finale BMV van 98 items saamgestel is. Die resultate dui daarop dat hierdie studie wel daarin geslaag het om 'n finale BMV te ontwikkel wat relatief vry van sosiale wenslikheid is, bevredigende interne

  16. A Study of Faecal Coliform Die-Off in Sewage Sludge Drying Bed ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The aim of this study was to assess the interacting characteristics of sewage sludge such as temperature, pH, and moisture content of sludge at defined time intervals as to how they affect Coliform die-off in a drying bed. Samples were collected at 0.0mm depth (i.e. surface of sludge), 60mm, 120mm, 180mm and 240mm, ...

  17. The perspectives of bereaved family carers on dying at home: the study protocol of ‘unpacking the home: family carers’ reflections on dying at home

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Payne Sheila

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Recent end of life care policy prioritises patient choice over place of care and in particular promotes dying at home. This policy is predicated on the assumption that there are family carers able and willing to provide care for the dying person. Through the accounts of bereaved family members, the ‘Unpacking the home’ study aims to gain an in-depth understanding of ‘home’ and the issues faced by family members caring for a dying older person at home; it also aims to examine the way the home is transformed in the process of providing end of life care, and offer a critical analysis of policies that aim to increase home deaths. This paper presents the protocol for this study. Methods/design A cross-sectional qualitative study has been designed to achieve the study aims. In-depth interviews will be conducted in the north and south of England with 50 bereaved family carers to elicit their accounts of witnessing the dying in the home of an older person (50+ years. All interviews will be subjected to thematic analysis, and narrative analysis will be undertaken on a subset of 30 interview transcripts. A final phase of integration and policy analysis will be conducted towards the end of the study. User involvement is integral to this study, with service users actively engaged at every stage. Discussion This study will seek to take a qualitative approach by explicitly recognising that family carers are central to the experience of dying at home for older people, and they have needs that may be amenable to support and anticipatory planning. The strengths of this study, which include its interdisciplinary and participatory approach, and in-depth data collection and analysis methods, will be explored. The limitations and challenges of this research will also be considered. This study seeks to make recommendations that will ensure that family carers receive appropriate and adequate support in caring for their loved ones at the end

  18. Modeling studies on divorced eutectic formation of high pressure die cast magnesium alloy

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    Meng-wu Wu

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available The morphology and content of the divorced eutectic in the microstructure of high pressure die casting (HPDC magnesium alloy have a great influence on the final performance of castings. Based on the previous work concerning simulation of the nucleation and dendritic growth of primary α-Mg during the solidification of magnesium alloy under HPDC process, an extension was made to the formerly established CA (Cellular Automaton model with the purpose of modeling the nucleation and growth of Mg-Al eutectic. With a temperature field and solute field obtained during simulation of the primary α-Mg dendrites as the initial condition of the modified CA model, modeling of the Mg-Al eutectic with a divorced morphology was achieved. Moreover, the simulated results were in accordance with the experimental ones regarding the distribution and content of the divorced eutectic. Taking a "cover-plate" die casting with AM60 magnesium alloy as an example, the rapid solidification with a high cooling rate at the surface layer of the casting led to a fine and uniform grain size of primary α-Mg, while the divorced eutectic at the grain boundary revealed a more dispersed and granular morphology. Islands of divorced eutectic were observed at the central region of the casting, due to the existence of ESCs (Externally Solidified Crystals which contributed to a coarse and non-uniform grain size of primary α-Mg. The volume percentage of the eutectic β-Mg17Al12 phase is about 2%-6% in the die casting as a whole. The numerical model established in this study is of great significance to the study of the divorced eutectic in the microstructure of die cast magnesium alloy.

  19. Die sestienpersoonlikheidsfaktorvraelys as hulpmiddel by die takseersentrum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. C. D. Augustyn

    1988-05-01

    Full Text Available The 16PF Personality Test as an aid to the assessment centre Assessment centres still remains costly and thime consuming. This study investigates the reduction of time and costs by the use of the 16 PF Personality Test as a method for measuring management dimensions. Promising results were obtained with a relatively small sample for the prediction of initiative and perseverance. Significant multiple correlations were also found for three criteria of management success. Further research may establish the use of the 16 PF as an aid to management assessment and thereby reduce the costs and time involved in assessment centres. Opsomming Takseersentrums se grootste probleem is gelee in die koste en tyd wat dit behels. Hierdie studie ondersoek die moontlikheid om beide te verminder deur die aanwending van die 16 PF Persoonlikheidsvraelys vir die meting van bestuursdimensies. Belowende resultate is met 'n relatiewe klein steekproef bevind ten opsigte van die voorspelling van inisiatiefen deursettingsvermoe. Beduidende meervoudige korrelasies is ook ten opsigte van drie kriteria van bestuursukses bevind. Verdere navorsing kan die gebruik van die 16 PF as hulpmiddel by bestuursevaluering vestig en sodoende die tydsduur en koste van takseersentrums verminder.

  20. Memorandum op die beswaarskrif oor die diakenamp

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    L. Floor

    1976-06-01

    Full Text Available Die probleem in die beswaarskrif voor die Sinode 1973 spits hom toe op die vraag: wat is die objek van die diakonale diens? Is dit die hele gemeente of alleen ’n gedeelte van die gemeente nl. die armes? In verband hiermee moet ook gevra word: welke spesifieke opdrag is inherent aan die diakenamp?

  1. Die omvang en aard van afwesigheid in die werkplek: ‘n Suid-Afrikaanse gevalstudie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anel Du Plessis

    2003-10-01

    Full Text Available The scope and nature of absenteeism in the workplace: A South African case study. The objective of the study was to develop quantitative measures for monitoring trends of absenteeism in a company within the meat industry and to assess qualitatively the possible existence of a collective culture of absenteeism within the organisation. The scope and frequency of absenteeism, costs incurred due to absenteeism, and individual absenteeism patterns of 145 employees, were studied over a period of one year. It was found that 2900 planned and 912 unplanned leave workdays that were lost, resulted in direct costs of R895,054.55. Five employees who were absent most often accounted for 18.60% of the unplanned leave taken. The extraordinary levels of absenteeism found in this case study were ascribed to specific employees. Opsomming Die doel van die studie was om kwantitatiewe metings vir die monitering van afwesigheidstendense vir ‘n maatskappy in die vleisbedryf te ontwikkel en om die moontlike bestaan van ‘n kollektiewe afwesigheidskultuur kwalitatief te ondersoek. Die omvang, frekwensie en koste van afwesigheid, asook individuele afwesigheidspatrone, is bestudeer vir 145 werknemers oor ‘n tydperk van een jaar. Daar is bevind dat 2900 beplande en 912 onbeplande verlofwerkdae wat verloor is, die maatskappy R895,054.55 gekos het. Vyf werknemers wat die meeste afwesig was, was verantwoordelik vir 18,60% van die onbeplande verlof geneem. Die uitsonderlike vlakke van afwesigheid in hierdie gevalstudie is toegeskryf aan spesifieke werknemers.

  2. Is Email Business Dying?: A Study on Evolution of Email Spam Over Fifteen Years

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    De Wang

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available With the increasing dedication and sophistication of spammers, email spam is a persistent problem even today. Popular social network sites such as Facebook, Twitter, and Google+ are not exempt from email spam as they all interface with email systems. While some report predicts that email spam business is dying due to the decreasing volume of email spam. Whether email spam business is really dying is an interesting question. In this paper, we analyze email spam trends on Spam Archive dataset, which contains 5.5 million spam emails over 15 years (1998 – 2013. We statistically analyze emails contents including header information (e.g. content type and embedded items (e.g. URL links. Also, we investigate topic drift using topic modeling technique. Moreover, we perform network analysis on sender-to-receiver IP routing networks. Our study shows the dynamic nature of email spam over one and a half decades and demonstrate that the email spam business is not dying but more capricious.

  3. Latent prostate cancer in Japanese men who die unnatural deaths: A forensic autopsy study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kido, Masahito; Hitosugi, Masahito; Ishii, Kanto; Kamimura, Shuichi; Joh, Kensuke

    2015-06-15

    An accurate natural history of prostate cancer (PC) can be obtained from forensic autopsies of individuals who had performed their normal daily activities immediately before death and had not undergone long-term medical interventions. A retrospective analysis of such individuals was performed to understand the features of latent PC in Japan. The findings of forensic autopsies performed at Dokkyo Medical University from August 2002 to July 2005 on men without severely destroyed or severely decomposed tissues were collected. Two cross sections, at the base and apex of the prostate, were examined histopathologically. Data collected included basic history, cause of death, location of PC, and Gleason score. Of 196 forensically autopsied males aged 0-90 years, 24 (12.7%) had latent PC. When analyzed by age group, PC was most prevalent among individuals in their eighties (33.3%). The prevalence of PC was similar in males who died of disease and of external causes. Most PCs were located at the base of the prostate, but were present on both the anterior and posterior sides. Nine of the 24 autopsied individuals also had other diseases, with three having cancers other than PC. This is the first report of the features of latent PC in Asian men who died of unnatural causes. Forensic autopsies can clarify the natural history of PC and may help fill knowledge gaps regarding latent PC. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  4. A Study on Segmented Multiple-Step Forming of Doubly Curved Thick Plate by Reconfigurable Multi-Punch Dies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ko, Young Ho; Han, Myoung Soo; Han, Jong Man

    2007-05-01

    Doubly curved thick plate forming in shipbuilding industries is currently performed by a thermal forming process, called as Line Heating by using gas flame torches. Due to the empirical manual work of it, the industries are eager for an alternative way to manufacture curved thick plates for ships. It was envisaged in this study to manufacture doubly curved thick plates by the multi-punch die forming. Experiments and finite element analyses were conducted to evaluate the feasibility of the reconfigurable discrete die forming to the thick plates. Single and segmented multiple step forming procedures were considered from both forming efficiency and accuracy. Configuration of the multi-punch dies suitable for the segmented multiple step forming was also explored. As a result, Segmented multiple step forming with matched dies had a limited formability when the objective shapes become complicate, while a unmatched die configuration provided better possibility to manufacture large curved plates for ships.

  5. A Case Study in Analysing Digitised Archive Data: Authors at the Comédie-Italienne, 1760-70

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jessica Goodman

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The use of ‘big data’ in the humanities is becoming increasingly prevalent, as researchers try to exploit the capacities of modern computing to provide new perspectives on and access to more traditional forms of documentation. In this vein, two major projects currently seek to digitise and analyse the financial records of the major Parisian theatres in the eighteenth century, creating searchable databases that promise to bring the information to worldwide audiences and allow entirely new types of analysis. This article uses a small-scale study of a subset of the Comédie-Italienne’s administrative records in the period 1760-70 to explore the potential benefits and challenges of such enterprises. It makes new data on audience, takings and authorial payments for this decade freely available to readers, and examines the process of capturing and rationalising data drawn from early modern records. To demonstrate the potential of the larger projects, this subset of data is then used both to reconsider the commercial status of the Comédie-Italienne with respect to its French counterpart, and to provide the first account of the finances of the authors who wrote for the Italian troupe. Finally, this article argues that despite the many and varied benefits of digitisation and computational manipulation of archive data, in order for such projects to make a serious contribution to scholarship, it is vital that the material, contingent, human element of original records is not lost.

  6. Die verband tussen die sielkundige kontrak en organisasieverbondenheid

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    K. J. Stanz

    1999-06-01

    Full Text Available The relationship between the psychological contract and organisational commitment. The aim of this study is to design a measuring instrument with acceptable metric characteristics for the strength of the psychological contract within the South African context, and to determine empirically the relation between the strength of the psychological contract and organisational commitment. The Dhammanungune Model served as foundation for the design of the Strength of the Psychological Contract Questionnaire which consists of two scales namely, a needs expectation scale and a needs fulfilment expectation scale. The items of each scale have been formulated in the manner that ensures that the respondent reacts consecutively to two instructions namely, (a the level of the expectation and (b the importance of the expectation. This questionnaire was administered together with the Organisational Commitment Questionnaire to two population groups within the military environment. The Pearson Product Moment Correlation was calculated between the strength of the psychological contract and organisational commitment and the significance of the correlations was evaluated. Opsomming Die doel van die studie is om 'n meetinstrument met aanvaarbare metriese eienskappe vir die sterkte van die sielkundige kontrak vir Suid-Afrikaanse omstandighede te ontwerp en om empirics die verband tussen die sterkte van die sielkundige kontrak en organisasieverbondenheid te bepaal. Die sterkte van die sielkundige kontrak vraelys is op grond van die Dhammanungune-model ontwerp en het uit twee skale naamlik, die behoefteverwagting- en vervullingsverwagtingskale bestaan. Items vir eike skaal is sodanig geformuleer dat die respondent agteropeenvolgens op twee instruksies naamlik (a die vlak van die verwagting en (b die belangrikheid van die verwagting moet reageer. Die vraelys is saam met die organisasieverbondenheidsvraelys op twee populasies uit 'n militere omgewing toegepas. Die Pearson

  7. Dynamics of nutritional status in dying patients with acute cerebral infarction in central China: a preliminary study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Hong; Shu, Yi; Zhang, Junjian; Tong, Etang

    2011-06-01

    Stroke is the number one cause of death in China. Although the effective management has reduced the mortality and lengthened survival, little attention has been paid to nutritional issues in patients with stroke in China. This study aimed to assess the premorbid nutrition status in dying patients with acute cerebral infarction. In this study, a total of 185 acute ischemic stroke patients dying within 30 days were recruited from medical records. Characteristics of dying patients were assessed on admission, and serum biochemical parameters including serum total protein, serum albumin, and serum prealbumin were measured within 24 hours after stroke onset and every week routinely. Among 185 ischemic stroke patients, 86 dying patients experienced their first-ever acute cerebral infarction, while 99 dying patients were experiencing a recurrent cerebral infarction. The prevalence of dysphagia, post-stroke pneumonia, and gastrointestinal hemorrhage in recurrent stroke groups were higher than those in the first-ever stroke group (Pnutritional index for dying patients with ischemic infarction was: serum prealbumin>serum albumin>serum total protein. This study showed that hypoproteinemia and undernutrition were serious in dying patients with acute ischemic stroke, especially in patients with recurrent ischemic stroke. This study also confirmed that serum prealbumin is more sensitive than serum albumin to assess nutritional status. The strategies to improve malnutrition in stroke patients are urgently needed in China.

  8. Die teologie in gesprek met die ekonomie

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    diktaat van die regte rede' is en John Locke (1632-1704), wie se rasionalisering van die samelewing die beste daarin slaag om uitdrukking te gee aan die wese van die opkomende Britse liberalisme van die sewentiende eeu. 2^ 'n Samelewing waarin die ekonomie die bepalende posisie inneem. Die samelewing wat ...

  9. die verwerkliking van die geloof in die kerklike kategese

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    verbondskind 'n blye en aktiewe instemming met en aanvaarding van die beloftes en die eise van die genadeverbond. Verbondskinders moet daartoe kom om dit wat objektief in die verbond belowe is, persoonlik deelagtig te word; dit is die daad van heilstoe-eiening. Die verbond is die verseëling van die belofte van God.

  10. The suffering in silence of older parents whose child died of cancer: A qualitative study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Humbeeck, Liesbeth; Dillen, Let; Piers, Ruth; Grypdonck, Mieke; Van Den Noortgate, Nele

    2016-01-01

    As life expectancy grows, the death of an adult child becomes a highly prevalent problem for older adults. The present study is based on nine interviews and explores the experience of parents (≥70 years) outliving an adult child. The bereaved parents described some silencing processes constraining their expression of grief. When an adult dies, the social support system nearly automatically directs its care towards the bereaved nuclear family. Parental grief at old age is therefore often not recognized and/or acknowledged. Health care providers should be sensitive to the silent grief of older parents both in geriatric and oncology care settings.

  11. Die posisie van die Helper in die sending

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. J. van der Walt

    1972-06-01

    Full Text Available Gedurende die aanvangsjare van die sending het die helper ’n onmisbare funksie vervul. Hulle het die onherbergsame binnelande geken, waardevolle kontakpunte vir die sendelinge geopen en hulle mense geestelik help voorlig en voorberei.

  12. Die posisie van die Helper in die sending

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. J. van der Walt

    1972-05-01

    Full Text Available Gedurende die aanvangsjare van die sending het die helper ’n onmisbare funksie vervul. Hulle het die onherbergsame binnelande geken, waardevolle kontakpunte vir die sendelinge geopen en hulle mense geestelik help voorlig en voorberei.

  13. die waarde van die ou testament volgens hf kohlbrugge

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    - skrif met die grootste bekwaamheid. Juis in die tyd waarin hy met die doktorale studie besig was, was hy lank siek. Hierdie beproewing sou egter ryk vrugte dra. In die geestelike krisis wat daarmee gepaard gegaan het, is Kohlbrugge — so ...

  14. Die Fakulteit Teologie (Afd A) aan die Universiteit van Pretoria; Vrae ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    dié opsig het die vestiging en onderhoud van die Fakulteit ryke vrugte afgewerp. Oor die 75 jaar is meer as 500 predikante aan die kerk gelewer en het 56 die dokto- rale studie voltooi. Onder die genoemde 12 predikante van 1917 was daar twee wat die doktorale eksamen afgelê het (Van Belkum en Fourie) maar geen ...

  15. STUDY OF THE flat die pellet mills kinematic diagram with active cylindrical press rolLS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Osokin Anton Vladislavovich

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Though being widely spread, the designs of such machines as flat die pellet mills have hardly been comprehensively theoretically studied. At the same time, the kinematic motion of the ring die pellet mill executive parts have been studied quite thoroughly. The machine executive parts kinematics determines the nature of their motion and velocity parameters, as well as the energy costs for the unit operation of the assembly. In addition, a detailed analysis of the facility kinematic diagram enables a rational approach to the design process for a new equipment. In view of this, this paper proposes a classification of flat matrix granulators over the kinematic diagrams of the executive parts interactions. We performed an analytical study of the kinematic diagram flat matrix granulator with active cylindrical press rolls. We considered the forces acting on the press roll during its operation. We determined the kinematic parameters and their interrelation with the design parameters of the press roll. We obtained the analytical equations for the of the neutral cross-section determination - the most characteristic section of the press-roll granulator

  16. The study of flow pattern and phase-change problem in die casting process

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, T. S.; Wei, H.; Chen, Y. S.; Shang, H. M.

    1996-01-01

    The flow pattern and solidification phenomena in die casting process have been investigated in the first phase study. The flow pattern in filling process is predicted by using a VOF (volume of fluid) method. A good agreement with experimental observation is obtained for filling the water into a die cavity with different gate geometry and with an obstacle in the cavity. An enthalpy method has been applied to solve the solidification problem. By treating the latent heat implicitly into the enthalpy instead of explicitly into the source term, the CPU time can be reduced at least 20 times. The effect of material properties on solidification fronts is tested. It concludes that the dependence of properties on temperature is significant. The influence of the natural convection over the diffusion has also been studied. The result shows that the liquid metal solidification phenomena is diffusion dominant, and the natural convection can affect the shape of the interface. In the second phase study, the filling and solidification processes will be considered simultaneously.

  17. Characteristics of Mexican children and adolescents who died by suicide: A study of psychological autopsies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    González-Castro, Thelma Beatriz; Tovilla-Zárate, Carlos Alfonso; Hernández-Díaz, Yazmín; Juárez-Rojop, Isela E; León-Garibay, Alejandra Giovanna; Guzmán-Priego, Crystell Guadalupe; López-Narváez, Lilia; Frésan, Ana

    2017-11-01

    In recent years, suicide in children and adolescents has increased considerably, becoming the second cause of death in this age group. Therefore, the aim of this study was to identify characteristics and factors that could precipitate deaths by suicide in children and adolescents. Using the psychological autopsy method, we studied 28 suicide cases of children and adolescents between 10 and 17 years old. Socio-demographic factors, characteristics of the suicide and family history were documented. The proportion of deaths by suicide was the same in females and males (50% each). Most of the suicides were performed at the child/adolescent's home (78.6%) and no history of previous suicide attempts were registered (85.7%). Also, the majority of suicidal individuals came from a dysfunctional family (60.7%). Our results identified characteristics of children and adolescents that had died by suicide, such as dying at their homes and coming from dysfunctional families. Knowing the characteristics of children and adolescents that had ended their lives by suicide should be considered in future studies to help developing preventive programs and strategies for treating suicidal behaviors in Mexican children and adolescents. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd and Faculty of Forensic and Legal Medicine. All rights reserved.

  18. Die Kumulantenmethode

    OpenAIRE

    Seeger, Steffen

    2003-01-01

    In dieser Arbeit wird eine neue Methode zur Reduktion der Boltzmann-Gleichung auf ein System partieller Differentialgleichungen diskutiert. Nach einer kurzen Einführung in die kinetische Theorie einer Mischung inerter Gase wird ein Überblick in die aus der Literatur bekannten Momentenmethoden gegeben. Der anschließend vorgestellten Kumulantenmethode liegt die Annahme zugrunde, daß durch Stoßprozesse in einem Gas Korrelationen höherer Ordnung schneller abgebaut we...

  19. Case study of lean manufacturing application in a die casting manufacturing company

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ching, Ng Tan; Hoe, Clarence Chan Kok; Hong, Tang Sai; Ghobakhloo, Morteza; Pin, Chen Kah

    2015-05-01

    The case study of lean manufacturing aims to study the application of lean manufacturing in a die casting manufacturing company located in Pulau Penang, Malaysia. This case study describes mainly about the important concepts and applications of lean manufacturing which could gradually help the company in increasing the profit by studying and analyzing their current manufacturing process and company culture. Many approaches of lean manufacturing are studied in this project which includes: 5S housekeeping, Kaizen, and Takt Time. Besides, the lean tools mentioned, quality tool such as the House of Quality is being used as an analysis tool to continuously improve the product quality. In short, the existing lean culture in the company is studied and analyzed, with recommendations written at the end of this paper.

  20. Oorsigartikel – F. Gerrit Immink se prakties–teologiese studie van die geloofspraktyk: Liturgiese vernuwing in die Protestantse tradisie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hendrik (Hennie J.C. Pieterse

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available This contribution is a review article on the three most important books by F. Gerrit Immink in practical theology. His approach to this discipline is studying faith praxis of the Protestantse Kerk in Nederland (Protestant Church in the Netherlands which is a church in the Reformed tradition. In his first book he explained his approach to practical theology in a discussion with the action theory and hermeneutical-communucative approaches. His choice for the study of faith praxis opens the way for a more theological approach to him in which communication between God and people is an important aspect. His second book forms the central part of this article. He uses the concept performance in the liturgy which is adopted from the theater world. In the performance by means of the execution of the liturgy by the congregation (preacher, organ, music, singing, praying they all get involved in the message from the Bible of that Sunday, they are touched by it, it has an effect on them, and they get a new perspective on the problems of everyday life. This is possible through the work of the Holy Spirit. The epiclese prayers in the liturgy are prayers for the enlightening and work by the Spirit. He discusses singing, praying, preaching, baptism and Holy Communion in detail. The main idea is that the performance in the liturgy does something to you, it has an effect on you, something happens to you. To my mind there is no need to choose between the ritual approach and the approach he is putting on the table. The approaches can enrich each other.

  1. Medizinstudierende Eltern – die Dichotomie der Erfahrungswelten [Parents Studying Medicine – the dichotomy of studying with a family

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iden, Kirstin

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available [english] Introduction: In this article the personal study and life situation of parents who are also medical students at the Medical School of the Goethe University Frankfurt am Main is discussed. There is a special focus on the topics “studying with children” and “family-friendly university”, which have been present in discussions about university development and in the daily life of academics, especially during the last decade. The workgroup “Individual Student Services” at the medical faculty at the Goethe University tries to meet the necessities of the individual study courses and to support the study success with a new counselling and student service concept.Methods: The experience of parents studying medicine was recorded in semi-structured interviews (Date: April 2010, which were held as part of the sponsored pilot project on part-time medical studies (“Pilot Project Part-time Medical Studies”. Additionally, study results from the Medical School of the Goethe University Frankfurt am Main were integrated as well as a literature analysis.Results: It was found that the teaching demands and support services, which have been suggested and needed for years now, have been partially implemented and are without sufficient support at the faculty level to date. Thus the current situation of medical students with children is still difficult and seems a big challenge for everyone involved.Solution: As part of the “Individual Student Services” a new pilot project on part-time medical studies was established in November 2009. Only the use of new, unconventional and innovative ideas allows universities to adequately support the changing and heterogeneous student population and support them to successfully completing their medical studies.[german] Einleitung: In dem vorliegenden Artikel wird die persönliche Studien- und Lebenssituation von Studierenden mit Kindern am Fachbereich Medizin der Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main

  2. Frictional interactions in forming processes: New studies with transparent sapphire strip-drawing dies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rao, R. S.; Lu, C. Y.; Wright, P. K.; Devenpeck, M. L.; Richmond, O.; Appleby, E. J.

    1982-05-01

    This research is concerned with the frictional interactions at the toolwork interfaces in the machining and strip-drawing processes. A novel feature is that transparent sapphire (single crystal Al2O3) is being used as the tool and die material. This allows the tribological features of the interface to be directly observed and recorded on movie-film. These qualitative studies provide information on the role of lubricants. In addition, techniques are being developed to quantify the velocity gradient along the interface. For example, in the drawing work it has been found that tracer markings (e.g. dye-spots), applied to the undrawn strip, remain intact during drawing and can be tracked along the sapphire/strip interface. Such data will be used as input to a finite-element, elasto-plastic-workhardening model of the deformation process. The latter can compute strip deformation characteristics, drawing forces and local coefficients of friction at the interface. Introductory results will be presented in this paper, obtained from drawing tin-plated mild steel with sapphire and cemented carbide dies. Drawing loads and die-separating forces will be presented and movie-films of the action of tracer markings at the interface shown. In order to demonstrate how this data can be used in an analysis of a large strain deformation process with friction, initial results from running the FIPDEF elasto-plastic code will be discussed. From a commercial viewpoint research on strip-drawing is of special interest to the can-making industry. From a physical viewpoint stripdrawing is of particular interest because it is a symmetrical, plane strain deformation and, in comparison with other metal processing operations, it is more readily modeled. However, until now the elasto-plastic codes that have been developed to predictively model drawing have had limitations: the most notable being that of quantifying the friction conditions at the die-work interface. Hence the specification of the

  3. Thermal fatigue cracking of die-casting dies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thermal fatigue cracking of die-casting dies

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Die-casting dies are exposed to high thermal and mechanical loads. Thermal fatigue cracking of dies due to thermal cycling may importantly shorten the life-time of the die. Cracks degrade the surface quality of dies and consequently the surface of castings. In this study, thermal fatigue cracking of dies was analyzed during the process of die casting aluminium alloys. During the process cracks were observed and measured and their location and size were determined. Thermal and mechanical loads cause high local stresses and consequently surface cracks. First cracks occur as early as after 2000 cycles and propagate progressively with cycles.

  4. Randomisierte Doppelblindstudie zum Einfluss der Soft-Laser Ohrakupunktur auf die Angst von Kindern bei der Zahnbehandlung : Eine experimentelle Studie

    OpenAIRE

    Thiedemann, Nicol

    2004-01-01

    In dieser Studie wurde untersucht, in wieweit eine Laser- Ohrakupunktur Einfluss auf die Angst bei Kindern vor der Behandlung des Zahnarztes nehmen kann. Im Studiendesign unterscheiden sich zwei Gruppen, zum einen eine Gruppe mit einem aktiven Laserpen (grün) und zum anderen eine Gruppe mit einem Placebo-Laserpen (rot). Es war dem Untersucher und auch dem Probanden lediglich die Farbunterscheidung rot oder grün bekannt, nicht aber welcher der beiden Laser aktiv oder passiv war. Dieses erga...

  5. DIE PERSOON VAN VREDE IN DIE SENDING

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    6. KOMMUNIKASIE VAN DIE EVANGELIE EN. SENTRALE FIGURE IN DIE GEMEENSKAP. Die kommunikasie van die evangelie in gemeenskappe word dikwels bevorder of bemoeilik deur die persoon van die sendeling en die persone tot wie hy/sy hom rig. Dit is inderdaad so dat mense 'n belangrike rol kan speel in die ...

  6. Suffering and euthanasia: a qualitative study of dying cancer patients' perspectives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karlsson, Marit; Milberg, Anna; Strang, Peter

    2012-05-01

    Although intolerable suffering is a core concept used to justify euthanasia, little is known about dying cancer patients' own interpretations and conclusions of suffering in relation to euthanasia. Sixty-six patients with cancer in a palliative phase were selected through maximum-variation sampling, and in-depth interviews were conducted on suffering and euthanasia. The interviews were analyzed using qualitative content analysis with no predetermined categories. The analysis demonstrated patients' different perspectives on suffering in connection to their attitude to euthanasia. Those advocating euthanasia, though not for themselves at the time of the study, did so due to (1) perceptions of suffering as meaningless, (2) anticipatory fears of losses and multi-dimensional suffering, or (3) doubts over the possibility of receiving help to alleviate suffering. Those opposing euthanasia did so due to (1) perceptions of life, despite suffering, as being meaningful, (2) trust in bodily or psychological adaptation to reduce suffering, a phenomenon personally experienced by informants, and (3) by placing trust in the provision of help and support by healthcare services to reduce future suffering. Dying cancer patients draw varying conclusions from suffering: suffering can, but does not necessarily, lead to advocations of euthanasia. Patients experiencing meaning and trust, and who find strategies to handle suffering, oppose euthanasia. In contrast, patients with anticipatory fears of multi-dimensional meaningless suffering and with lack of belief in the continuing availability of help, advocate euthanasia. This indicates a need for healthcare staff to address issues of trust, meaning, and anticipatory fears.

  7. [The meaning of dying with dignity from caregivers perspective: a phenomenological study].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ibáñez-Masero, Olivia; Ortega-Galán, Ángela M; Carmona-Rega, M Inés; Ruiz-Fernández, M Dolores; Cabrera-Troya, José; García-Cisneros, Rogelio; Medina, Fernando Relinque

    To explore the meaning of dying with dignity from the perspective of the direct witnesses who have accompanied this process in dying people from Andalusia. Phenomenological study conducted in different centres, which including analysing the transcriptions of the dialogues from discussion groups with 40 participants in five provinces in Southern Spain. The data was analysed using the Van Manen proposal and Atlas Ti 7.0 program was applied as a software tool. Being in the company of loved ones is noted as a key element in the perception of a dignified death. The following elements, according to a priority order, were also pointed out: relief of suffering, a good professional care, decision making ability, and the opportunity to consider their spiritual dimension. Achievement of their Living Wills is hardly mentioned. The essential elements defined in the Death with Dignity Law, 2/2010 are confirmed as being true (without suffering, with company, respecting living wills, having possibilities of the farewell, and the transcendental meaning of the death process). Caregivers, at the end of life, give priority to psychological aspects, underlying the need of company, a farewell of the loved ones, and a good professional care on the physical aspects. The promotion of the dignified Death Law and Living Wills are still being developed. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  8. Study of laser die release by Q-switched Nd:YAG laser pulses

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Karlitskaya, N.; de Lange, D.F.; Meijer, J.; Sanders, Rene; Phipps, Claude R.

    2004-01-01

    A new laser-assisted process called "Laser Die Transfer" is developed for high speed assembling of miniature electronic components. Silicon dies, fabricated on an optically transparent carrier are released using a laser pulse. This process has the potential to offer major advantages compared to

  9. Experimental and Theoretical Studies on the Effect of Die Temperature on the Quality of the Products in High-Pressure Die-Casting Process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Sadeghi

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Die temperature in high-pressure die casting of A380 alloy is optimized by experimental observation and numerical simulation. Ladder frame (one part of the new motor EF7 with a very complicated geometry was chosen as an experimental sample. Die temperature and melt temperature were examined to produce a sound part. Die temperatures at the initial step and the final filling positions were measured and the difference between these values was calculated. ProCAST software was used to simulate the fluid flow and solidification step of the part, and the results were verified by experimental measurements. It is shown that the proper die temperature for this alloy is above 200°C.

  10. Oor die Bybel in die Afrikaanse digkuns

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In 'Lotos-land' dryf hy die spot met die Kanaánitiese siening van Suid-Afrika, met die sogenaamde Land van Belofte, Suid-Afrika, met die verdoping van Suid-Afri- kaanse plekke met Bybelse name en die siening van die Kaapkolonie as Egipte, ensovoorts. Die (Suid-)Afrikaanse Kanaán is in hierdie gedig 'n Luilekkerland - ...

  11. Die betekenis van die sesde gebod vir die mediese etiek

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Smedes vra die vraag of 'n mens dan wederregtelik mag doodmaak? Smedes meen dat wederregtelikheid nie die toets van hierdie gebod is nie. Vir Hitler was dit nie wederregtelik om die Jode dood te maak nie, wel vir 'n Duitse burger om Hitler dood te maak. Die bedoeling van die gebod vind hy eerder in die reg om voor ...

  12. die heidelbergse kategismus en die kategesemateriaal van die ned ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    rede was vir die opdrag van die koning aan Zacharias Ursinus en Caspar. Oliveanus vir die skryf van 'n kategismus. Die doel van die kategismus was om nie net beter vir die jeug te sorg nie, maar om aan evangeliedienaars en skoolmeesters 'n vaste leidraad te gee sodat hulle nie willekeurig nuwe dinge leer wat met Gods ...

  13. Die Reformasie en Skrifinterpretasie: Die nuwe wat die Reformasie ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    p1243322

    onbevangenheid sal ons, soos in die geval van baie ander stemme uit die verlede, nooit werklik klaar wees met die stem van die Reformasie nie, dit is wanneer ons die Reformasie nie in ons eie pakkie van vooropgestelde idees toevou en neutraliseer nie. Die Reformasie se stem sal aanhou gehoor word, en in aansluiting ...

  14. Die regsposisie van die gemolesteerde kind 1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P.J. Schabort

    1991-03-01

    Full Text Available Hoe reik die reg uit na die seksueel gemolesteerde kind? As na die reg in wye verband gekyk word, sou dit alie wetgewing en alle gemeneregsbeginsels en alle regsprosedures insluit waardeur die Staat poog om molestering te voorkom en die gemolesteerde kind in beskerming te neem. Dit le baie wyd en sou byvoorbeeld die maatreels insluit van die Kindenvet 33 van 1960; die Wet op Egskeiding 70 van 1979; die Wet op Kindersorg 74 van 1983; die Wet op die Status van Kinders 82 van 1987 en die Wet op Bemiddeling in Sekere Egskeidingsaangeleenthede 24 van 1987. Eersdaags sal dit moontlik ook ’n Manifes vir die Regte van Kinders insluit wat vermoedelik geskoei sal wees op die W O se Konvensie vir die Regte van die Kind (1989 w a arv an die RSA tan s nog nie ’n ondertekenaar is nie.

  15. Changing place of death in children who died after discharge from paediatric intensive care units: A national, data linkage study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fraser, Lorna K; Fleming, Sarah; Parslow, Roger

    2018-02-01

    Although child mortality is decreasing, more than half of all deaths in childhood occur in children with a life-limiting condition whose death may be expected. To assess trends in place of death and identify characteristics of children who died in the community after discharge from paediatric intensive care unit. National data linkage study. All children resident in England and Wales when admitted to a paediatric intensive care unit in the United Kingdom (1 January 2004 and 31 December 2014) were identified in the Paediatric Intensive Care Audit Network dataset. Linkage to death certificate data was available up to the end of 2014. Place of death was categorised as hospital (hospital or paediatric intensive care unit) or community (hospice, home or other) for multivariable logistic modelling. The cohort consisted of 110,328 individuals. In all, 7709 deaths occurred after first discharge from paediatric intensive care unit. Among children dying, the percentage in-hospital at the time of death decreased from 83.8% in 2004 to 68.1% in 2014; 852 (0.8%) of children were discharged to palliative care. Children discharged to palliative care were eight times more likely to die in the community than children who died and had not been discharged to palliative care (odds ratio = 8.06 (95% confidence interval = 6.50-10.01)). The proportion of children dying in hospital is decreasing, but a large proportion of children dying after discharge from paediatric intensive care unit continue to die in hospital. The involvement of palliative care at the point of discharge has the potential to offer choice around place of care and death for these children and families.

  16. Antiretroviral therapy status among people who died of AIDS-related causes from 2009 to 2013 in Brazil: a population-based study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Freitas, Marcelo Araújo; Miranda, Angélica Espinosa; Pascom, Ana Roberta Pati; de Oliveira, Silvano Barbosa; Mesquita, Fabio; Ford, Nathan

    2016-11-01

    To describe the antiretroviral therapy status of people living with HIV (PLHIV) who died of AIDS-related causes between 2009 and 2013. We conducted a cross-sectional, population-based study. Data were obtained by linking the mortality information system and the national ART dispensing database. Trends were modelled using linear regression analysis. A total of 61 425 AIDS-related deaths were registered in Brazil between 2009 and 2013. Median age at death was 41 years (IQR: 33-49), and 65.7% (40 337) of deaths were among men; 47.2% (29 004) of PLHIV who died during the study period had never started treatment, 7.0% (4274) had discontinued it, 15.9% (9775) were on ART for 6 months or less and 29.9% (18 372) were on ART for more than 6 months. Only 1.3% of PLHIV were on third-line ARV regimens when they died. AIDS-related mortality remains a challenge even in a context of sustained universal access to antiretroviral treatment due to failure of service provision, not to therapy failure. Robust health policies closing gaps in the HIV continuum of care are crucial to further reduce mortality. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  17. [The right to die with dignity in an acute-care hospital: a qualitative study].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sepúlveda-Sánchez, Juana María; Morales-Asencio, Jose Miguel; Morales-Gil, Isabel María; Canca-Sánchez, José Carlos; Crespillo-García, Eva; Timonet-Andreu, Eva María

    2014-01-01

    To examine the perceptions and beliefs of doctors and nurses, and the barriers and facilitators they must address as regards the right to die with dignity in an acute-care hospital, and to consider the applicability of the provisions of Law 2/2010 of 8 April in this respect. A qualitative descriptive study, based on the focus group technique, using discourse analysis of the views of doctors and nurses responsible for the health care of terminal cancer and non-cancer patients in an acute-care hospital. The results obtained show that there are diverse obstacles to assure the rights of terminal patients, and to ensure the proper performance of their duties by healthcare professionals and institutions. The nature and impact of these difficulties depend on the characteristics of the patients and their families, the health workers involved, the organisation of health care, and cultural factors. The study highlights the need to improve the process of communication with patients and their families, to facilitate shared decision making and to establish measures to clarify issues such as palliative sedation and treatment limitation. It is necessary to improve the applicability of the law on living wills and dignified death in non-cancer specialist areas. Further training is needed regarding ethical, spiritual and anthropological aspects of care in these situations. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier España, S.L. All rights reserved.

  18. Die Heimkunft

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stephen Romer

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available En hommage amical à René Gallet.Die HeimkunftRuhig glänzen indes die silberen Höhen darüber,Voll mit Rosen ist schon droben der leuchtende Schnee.- HölderlinAnd then one day the young master returnsfrom a dark placeand birdsong leads the wanderer inand the cat yawns and curls againin the headiness of this instantthe house is fragrantwith woodsmoke and honeysucklewhich is a kind of accomplishment.Returning from dogmahome to the humanehe lays asideknapsack, alpenstock and hat,goes straight to t...

  19. Die funksie van die belydenis in die struktuur van die kerk en die ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    n\\ente nie almal in dieselfde sin van die woord belangrik is nie en dat sommiges hiervan 'n prioriteit oor ander toekom. Dit is verder ook waar dat daar 'n gedurige wisselwerking tussen hierdie verskillende elemente is. Hulle vul mekaar wedersyds aan en het mekaar nodig met die gevolg dat die struktuur van die kerk nie ...

  20. Modeling the Mechanical Performance of Die Casting Dies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    R. Allen Miller

    2004-02-27

    The following report covers work performed at Ohio State on modeling the mechanical performance of dies. The focus of the project was development and particularly verification of finite element techniques used to model and predict displacements and stresses in die casting dies. The work entails a major case study performed with and industrial partner on a production die and laboratory experiments performed at Ohio State.

  1. Riglyne uit die verlede vir die sendingwerk van die toekoms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. M. Cronj�

    1983-09-01

    Full Text Available Wanneer daar dan oor "riglyne" uit die verlede vir die sendingwerk van die "toekoms" gehandel word, is dit �n riskante onderneming. Te meer nog as gevolg van skrywer se noue kontak met die buitelandse sending van die Ned. Geref. Kerk, wat sy objektiwiteit mag be�nvloed. Te midde van die risiko's daaraan verbonde en met vermyding van bogenoemde slaggate so ver moontlik, wil ons tog probeer om sekere riglyne te trek wat moontlik ook rigtinggewend vir die uitgebreide sendingwerk van die Kerk in die toekoms kan wees.

  2. Place of death in the Snowy Monaro region of New South Wales: A study of residents who died of a condition amenable to palliative care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rainsford, Suzanne; Glasgow, Nicholas J; MacLeod, Rod D; Neeman, Teresa; Phillips, Christine B; Wiles, Robert B

    2017-12-11

    To describe the place of death of residents in a rural region of New South Wales. Cross-sectional quantitative study using death data collected from local funeral directors (in person and websites), residential aged-care facilities, one multipurpose heath service and obituary notices in the local media (newspapers/radio). Snowy Monaro region (NSW Australia). Residents, with advanced frailty or one of 10 conditions amenable to palliative care, who died between 1 February 2015 and 31 May 2016. Place of death. Of 224 deaths in this period, 138 were considered amenable to palliative care. Twelve per cent of these deaths occurred in a private residence, 38% in the usual place of residence and 91% within the region. Most rural residents with conditions amenable to palliative care died in the region. Most did not die in their UPoR. Further qualitative work is needed to determine palliative care patients' and family caregivers' preferences for, and the importance placed on, place of death. While there may be a need to support an increase in home deaths, local rural hospitals and residential aged-care facilities must not be overlooked as a substitute for inpatient hospices. © 2017 National Rural Health Alliance Inc.

  3. The attitudes of brain cancer patients and their caregivers towards death and dying: a qualitative study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kimmelman Jonathan

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Much money and energy has been spent on the study of the molecular biology of malignant brain tumours. However, little attention has been paid to the wishes of patients afflicted with these incurable tumours, and how this might influence treatment considerations. Methods We interviewed 29 individuals – 7 patients dying of a malignant brain tumor and 22 loved ones. One-on-one interviews were conducted according to a pre-designed interview guide. A combination of open-ended questions, as well as clinical scenarios was presented to participants in order to understand what is meaningful and valuable to them when determining treatment options and management approaches. The results were analyzed, coded, and interpreted using qualitative analytic techniques in order to arrive at several common overarching themes. Results Seven major themes were identified. In general, respondents were united in viewing brain cancer as unique amongst malignancies, due in large part to the premium placed on mental competence and cognitive functioning. Importantly, participants found their experiences, however difficult, led to the discovery of inner strength and resilience. Responses were usually framed within an interpersonal context, and participants were generally grateful for the opportunity to speak about their experiences. Attitudes towards religion, spirituality, and euthanasia were also probed. Conclusion Several important themes underlie the experiences of brain cancer patients and their caregivers. It is important to consider these when managing these patients and to respect not only their autonomy but also the complex interpersonal toll that a malignant diagnosis can have.

  4. The wish to die among palliative home care clients in Ontario, Canada: A cross-sectional study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freeman, Shannon; Smith, Trevor Frise; Neufeld, Eva; Fisher, Kathy; Ebihara, Satoru

    2016-02-29

    In the pursuit to provide the highest quality of person centered palliative care, client preferences, needs, and wishes surrounding end of life should be used to inform the plan of care. During a clinical assessment for care services, clients may voluntarily express a 'wish to die' either directly to the clinician or it may be indirectly reported second-hand to the clinician through an informal caregiver or family member. This is the first study using data gathered from the interRAI Palliative Care Assessment instrument (interRAI PC) to examine socio-demographic, clinical, and psycho-social factors of palliative home care clients with the voluntary expression of a 'wish to die now'. Factors associated with the risk for depression within this group were also identified. Awareness and understanding of clients who express the 'wish to die' is needed to better tailor a person-centered approach to end-of-life care. This cross-sectional study included assessment records gathered from 4,840 palliative home care clients collected as part of pilot implementation of the interRAI PC assessment instrument in Ontario, Canada from 2006 through 2011. During the clinical assessment, 308 palliative home care clients (6.7%) had voluntarily expressed a 'wish to die now'. Independent factors emerging from multivariate logistic regression analyses predicting the expression of a 'wish to die' included not being married/widowed, a shorter estimated prognosis, depressive symptoms, functional impairment, too much sleep (excessive amount), feeling completion regarding financial/legal matters, and struggling with the meaning of life. Among persons who expressed a 'wish to die now', those who exhibited depressive symptoms (23.8%, n = 64) were also more likely to exhibit cognitive impairment, have decline in cognition in the last 90 days, exhibit weight loss, have informal caregivers exhibiting distress, 'not have a consistent positive outlook on life' and report 'struggling with the

  5. Die ouderling en die regeervergaderings in die Nederduitsch ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    van ecn gee. Die oomblik egtcr as daar een of meer vakatures vir ouderlinge ontstaan, is die balans versteur. Die wanbalans kan natuurlik selb ook vergroot word indien soos soms gebeur, die kassier en die skriba diakens sonder wyke sou wees. 'n Groter wanbalans, wat egter waarskynlik nooit eens opgemerk word nie, ...

  6. Comparative study on laser welding and TIG welding of semi-solid high pressure die cast A356 aluminium alloy

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Govender, G

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available components. The low porosity levels in SSM high pressure die castings (HPDC) improves the weldability of these components. The aim of the current research was to perform a comparative study of laser and TIG welding of SSM HPDC aluminium alloy A356. SSM...

  7. Factor Structure of the Multidimensional Orientation toward Dying and Death Inventory among Hong Kong College Students: A Preliminary Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wittkowski, Joachim; Ho, Samuel M. Y.; Chan, Wallace C. H.

    2011-01-01

    This study examines the factor structures of the Chinese version of the Multidimensional Orientation Toward Dying and Death Inventory (MODDI-F/chin), originally established in German language, in a sample of Hong Kong college students (n = 256). Both confirmatory factor analysis and exploratory factor analysis were performed to examine the factor…

  8. Die casting

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-11-01

    Contents include: Indian diecasting industry, its problems and prospects; push-button locks; 9th International Diecasting conference and 8th exhibition; seminar on gating of diecasting dies and diecasting technology; and the 6th student industrial design competition--Uk. New publications and abstracts are presented.

  9. . , , die Boesmans

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    "made captive in early boyhood, with other children of a Bushman. Kraal, in one of the frequent incursions or commandos" (Pereira &. Chapman, 1989:157). Dit eindig met Pangóla wat sterf in 'n soortgelyke ongelyke geveg tussen berede boere en omsingelde Boesmans - gewere teen pyl-en-boë: "I die in arms against the ...

  10. Calvyn en die Calvinisme

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    krasie soos by Rome afv^rys, maar daardeur het hy ons insiens dié eg-Calvynse teokrasie waarby die kerk direk betrokke is, prysgegee. Ek glo dat hier ook die wortels lê van sy afwysing van die 'volkskerk'- gedagte; nie die volkskerk in die sin dat die toebehorentheid aan die volk tegelyk toebehorentheid tot die kerk ...

  11. Euthanasia in patients dying at home in Belgium: interview study on adherence to legal safeguards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smets, Tinne; Bilsen, Johan; Van den Block, Lieve; Cohen, Joachim; Van Casteren, Viviane; Deliens, Luc

    2010-01-01

    Background Euthanasia became legal in Belgium in 2002. Physicians must adhere to legal due care requirements when performing euthanasia; for example, consulting a second physician and reporting each euthanasia case to the Federal Review Committee. Aim To study the adherence and non-adherence of GPs to legal due care requirements for euthanasia among patients dying at home in Belgium and to explore possible reasons for non-adherence. Design of study Large scale, retrospective study. Setting General practice in Belgium. Method A retrospective mortality study was performed in 2005–2006 using the nationwide Belgian Sentinel Network of General Practitioners. Each week GPs reported medical end-of-life decisions taken in all non-sudden deaths of patients in their practice. GP interviews were conducted for each euthanasia case occurring at home. Results Interviews were conducted for nine of the 11 identified euthanasia cases. Requirements concerning the patient's medical condition were met in all cases. Procedural requirements such as consultation of a second physician were sometimes ignored. Euthanasia cases were least often reported (n = 4) when the physician did not regard the decision as euthanasia, when only opioids were used to perform euthanasia, or when no second physician was consulted. Factors that may contribute to explaining non-adherence to the euthanasia law included: being unaware of which practices are considered to be euthanasia; insufficient knowledge of the euthanasia law; and the fact that certain procedures are deemed burdensome. Conclusion Substantive legal due care requirements for euthanasia concerning the patient's request for euthanasia and medical situation were almost always met by GPs in euthanasia cases. Procedural consultation and reporting requirements were not always met. PMID:20353662

  12. Joining Forces: European Periodical Studies as a New Research Field

    OpenAIRE

    Van Remoortel, Marianne; Ewins, Kristin; Koffeman, Maaike; Philpotts, Matthew

    2016-01-01

    In recent decades, periodical studies have burgeoned into a vibrant field of research. Increasing numbers of scholars working in disciplines across the humanities — literary studies, history, art history, gender studies, media studies, legal history, to name a few — are exploring the press as a key site for cultural production, public debate and the dissemination of knowledge. [...

  13. Die Textsorte Glosse in der deutschen und polnischen Presse - eine kontrastive Studie

    OpenAIRE

    Wylot, Marta

    2017-01-01

    The aim of the dissertation titled “Die Textsorte Glosse in der deutschen und polnischen Presse - eine kontrastive Studie“ is to investigate, how the text type ‚column‘ is realized in Polish and German press. To prove or disprove if there are any similarities or differences between these realizations, the following newspapers and magazines were compared: „Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung“, „Die Welt“, „Focus“, „Bild“, „Gazeta Wyborcza“, „Rzeczpospolita“, „Focus“ and „Fakt“. All of the above wer...

  14. Comparative study of thyrotoxic periodic paralysis from idiopathic hypokalemic periodic paralysis: An experience from India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J Kalita

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: There is paucity of reports on thyrotoxic periodic paralysis (TPP from India. We report the patients with TPP and compare them with idiopathic hypokalemic periodic paralysis (IHPP. Materials and Methods: Patients with hypokalemic periodic paralysis (HPP treated during the past 11 years were evaluated retrospectively. Their demographic parameters, family history, clinical features, precipitating factors, severity of weakness, laboratory parameters and rapidity of recovery were recorded. The demographic, clinical and laboratory parameters of TPP and IHPP were compared. Results: During the study period, we managed 52 patients with HPP; nine (17.3% of whom had TPP and 27 (52% had IHPP. The demographic, precipitating factors, number of attacks and severity of limb weakness were similar between the TPP and IHPP groups, except in the IHPP group, bulbar weakness was present in four and respiratory paralysis in six, needing artificial ventilation in two patients. Serum potassium was significantly lower in TPP (2.21 ± 0.49 compared with IHPP (2.67 ± 0.59, P = 0.04. Four patients with TPP had subclinical thyrotoxicosis and two had subclinical hyperthyroidism. Rebound hyperkalemia occurred in both TPP and IHPP (three versus eight patients. The recovery was faster in IHPP (26.7 ± 15.4 h compared with TPP (34.0 ± 14.0 h, but was statistically insignificant. Conclusion: TPP constitutes 17.3% of HPP, and absence of clinical features of thyrotoxicosis and subclinical hyperthyroidism in TPP is not uncommon. Clinical features, demographic profile and rebound hyperkalemia are similar in both TPP and IHPP. The serum potassium level is significantly low in the TPP compared with the IHPP group.

  15. Euthanasia in patients dying at home in Belgium: interview study on adherence to legal safeguards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smets, Tinne; Bilsen, Johan; Van den Block, Lieve; Cohen, Joachim; Van Casteren, Viviane; Deliens, Luc

    2010-04-01

    Euthanasia became legal in Belgium in 2002. Physicians must adhere to legal due care requirements when performing euthanasia; for example, consulting a second physician and reporting each euthanasia case to the Federal Review Committee. To study the adherence and non-adherence of GPs to legal due care requirements for euthanasia among patients dying at home in Belgium and to explore possible reasons for non-adherence. Large scale, retrospective study. General practice in Belgium. A retrospective mortality study was performed in 2005-2006 using the nationwide Belgian Sentinel Network of General Practitioners. Each week GPs reported medical end-of-life decisions taken in all non-sudden deaths of patients in their practice. GP interviews were conducted for each euthanasia case occurring at home. Interviews were conducted for nine of the 11 identified euthanasia cases. Requirements concerning the patient's medical condition were met in all cases. Procedural requirements such as consultation of a second physician were sometimes ignored. Euthanasia cases were least often reported (n = 4) when the physician did not regard the decision as euthanasia, when only opioids were used to perform euthanasia, or when no second physician was consulted. Factors that may contribute to explaining non-adherence to the euthanasia law included: being unaware of which practices are considered to be euthanasia; insufficient knowledge of the euthanasia law; and the fact that certain procedures are deemed burdensome. Substantive legal due care requirements for euthanasia concerning the patient's request for euthanasia and medical situation were almost always met by GPs in euthanasia cases. Procedural consultation and reporting requirements were not always met.

  16. Living and dying: responsibility for end-of-life care in care homes without on-site nursing provision - a prospective study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Handley, Melanie; Goodman, Claire; Froggatt, Katherine; Mathie, Elspeth; Gage, Heather; Manthorpe, Jill; Barclay, Stephen; Crang, Clare; Iliffe, Steve

    2014-01-01

    The aim of the study was to describe the expectations and experiences of end-of-life care of older people resident in care homes, and how care home staff and the healthcare practitioners who visited the care home interpreted their role. A mixed-method design was used. The everyday experience of 121 residents from six care homes in the East of England were tracked; 63 residents, 30 care home staff with assorted roles and 19 National Health Service staff from different disciplines were interviewed. The review of care home notes demonstrated that residents had a wide range of healthcare problems. Length of time in the care homes, functional ability or episodes of ill-health were not necessarily meaningful indicators to staff that a resident was about to die. General Practitioner and district nursing services provided a frequent but episodic service to individual residents. There were two recurring themes that affected how staff engaged with the process of advance care planning with residents; 'talking about dying' and 'integrating living and dying'. All participants stated that they were committed to providing end-of-life care and supporting residents to die in the care home, if wanted. However, the process was complicated by an ongoing lack of clarity about roles and responsibilities in providing end-of-life care, doubts from care home and primary healthcare staff about their capacity to work together when residents' trajectories to death were unclear. The findings suggest that to support this population, there is a need for a pattern of working between health and care staff that can encourage review and discussion between multiple participants over sustained periods of time. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  17. Die Meting van die verband tussen geslag en konformiteit as groepdinamiese veranderlikes.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    W. S. de Villiers

    1982-11-01

    Full Text Available The amount and kind of conformity induced by group pressure depend upon the nature of the situation. The nature of the group and the characteristics of the individual. In this particular study the experimental measurement of conformity developed by Asch and Crutchfield was repeated. Confirmation was found that sex operates as one of the determinants of conformity. OpsommingIn die sosiale bedryfsielkunde is die invloed van die groep op die individu een van die vernaamste studieterreine. Die mate waarin ‘n individu konformeer tot groepsdruk hang af van die aard van die situasie, die aard van die groep en die eienskappe van die individu. In hierdie studie is die eksperimentele meting van konformiteit soos ontwikkel deur Asch en Crutchfield herhaal en bevestiging is gevind dat geslag een van die individuele determinante van konformiteit is.

  18. Modeling the Smartphone Game to Improve Players Focus Case Study of Game Dumb Ways to Die

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elisa Purnamasari

    2014-10-01

    There are a need to find some characteristics of a game which has positive effects for the players. Those characteristics can be formulated as the example of a good game. This paper will analyze the opinion and produce the conclusion from a survey of playing "Dumb Ways to Die to generate a positive game model.

  19. Perceptions of Speech-Pathology and Audiology Students Concerning Death and Dying: A Preliminary Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rivers, Kenyatta O.; Perkins, Rosalie A.; Carson, Cecyle P.

    2009-01-01

    Background: Formal training in dealing with death and dying issues is not a standard content area in communication sciences and disorders programmes' curricula. At the same time, it cannot be presumed that pre-professional students' personal background equips them to deal with these issues. Aim: To investigate the perceptions of pre-professional…

  20. Changing use of traditional healthcare amongst those dying of HIV related disease and TB in rural South Africa from 2003 - 2011: a retrospective cohort study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mee, Paul; Wagner, Ryan G; Gómez-Olivé, Francesc Xavier; Kabudula, Chodziwadziwa; Kahn, Kathleen; Madhavan, Sangeetha; Collinson, Mark; Byass, Peter; Tollman, Stephen M

    2014-12-17

    In 2011 there were 5.5 million HIV infected people in South Africa and 71% of those requiring antiretroviral therapy (ART) received it. The effective integration of traditional medical practitioners and biomedical providers in HIV prevention and care has been demonstrated. However concerns remain that the use of traditional treatments for HIV-related disease may lead to pharmacokinetic interactions between herbal remedies and ART drugs and delay ART initiation. Here we analyse the changing prevalence and determinants of traditional healthcare use amongst those dying of HIV-related disease, pulmonary tuberculosis and other causes in a rural South African community between 2003 and 2011. ART was made available in this area in the latter part of this period. Data was collected during household visits and verbal autopsy interviews. InterVA-4 was used to assign causes of death. Spatial analyses of the distribution of traditional healthcare use were performed. Logistic regression models were developed to test associations of determinants with traditional healthcare use. There were 5929 deaths in the study population of which 47.7% were caused by HIV-related disease or pulmonary tuberculosis (HIV/AIDS and TB). Traditional healthcare use declined for all deaths, with higher levels throughout for those dying of HIV/AIDS and TB than for those dying of other causes. In 2003-2005, sole use of biomedical treatment was reported for 18.2% of HIV/AIDS and TB deaths and 27.2% of other deaths, by 2008-2011 the figures were 49.9% and 45.3% respectively. In bivariate analyses, higher traditional healthcare use was associated with Mozambican origin, lower education levels, death in 2003-2005 compared to the later time periods, longer illness duration and moderate increases in prior household mortality. In the multivariate model only country of origin, time period and illness duration remained associated. There were large decreases in reported traditional healthcare use and increases in

  1. Die universiteit en die goeie lewensorde

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    op Hippocrates, Galenus en Avicenna, lettere op Aristoteles, en ná die. Reformasie sou Luther, Melanchton en Calvyn vir Petrus Lombardus aan dié universiteite vervang wat vir die Reformasie gekies het, maar sou die ander fakulteite in hoofsaak onaangeraak bly. Die universiteit het sy tradisie binne die voile stroom van ...

  2. Incidence of Suicide Among Persons Who Had a Parent Who Died During Their Childhood: A Population-Based Cohort Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guldin, Mai-Britt; Li, Jiong; Pedersen, Henrik Søndergaard; Obel, Carsten; Agerbo, Esben; Gissler, Mika; Cnattingius, Sven; Olsen, Jørn; Vestergaard, Mogens

    2015-12-01

    Parental death from suicide is associated with increased risk of suicide in the bereaved child, but little is known about the long-term risks of suicide after parental death from other causes. A better understanding of this association may improve suicide prevention efforts. To examine the long-term risks of suicide after parental death and how the risk trajectories differed by cause of parental death while accounting for major potential confounding variables. A population-based matched cohort study was performed using information from nationwide registers (data from 1968 to 2008) in 3 Scandinavian countries (for a total of 7,302,033 persons). We identified 189,094 children (2.6%) who had a parent who died before the child reached 18 years of age (ie, the bereaved cohort). Each bereaved child was matched by sex and age to 10 children who did not have a parent who died before they reached 18 years of age (for a total of 1,890,940 children) (ie, the reference cohort). Both cohorts were followed for up to 40 years. Poisson regression was used to calculate the incidence rate ratio (IRR), while accounting for age at parental death, sex, time since bereavement, maternal/paternal death, birth order, family history of psychiatric illness, and socioeconomic status. Data analyses were finalized June 24, 2015. The main exposure was death of a parent within the first 18 years of life. Incidence of suicide among persons who had a parent who died during their childhood. During follow-up, 265 bereaved persons (0.14%) and 1342 nonbereaved persons (0.07%) died of suicide (IRR = 2.02 [95% CI, 1.75-2.34]); IRR = 3.44 (95% CI, 2.61-4.52) for children who had a parent who died of suicide, and IRR = 1.76 (95% CI, 1.49-2.09) for children who had a parent who died of other causes. The IRR tended to be higher for children who had a parent who died before they reached 6 years of age, and the IRR remained high for at least 25 years. During 25 years of follow-up, the absolute risk

  3. Exsodus van die Boerevolk

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. J. H. van der Walt

    1938-03-01

    Full Text Available Die Groot Trek het in sekere sin begin toe in die begin van die 18e eeu die eerste veeboer-pionier sy gesin, sy huisraad en sy plaasgereedskap op sy kakebeenwaens gelaai het en na sy veepos, voortaan sy leningsplaas, verhuis het. Want alhoewel die Groot Trek nóg logies nóg histories ’n voortsetting van die 18e eeuse trekbeweging is nie, is die eerste sonder die laaste tog ondenkbaar. Die 18e eeuse verspreiding het die geharde Afrikaanse baanbreker gevorm, ’n mens met weinig behoeftes, en met die selfstandigheid en die handigheid om in daardie behoeftes self grotendeels te voorsien uit die betreklik skrale materiaal wat die bodem hom gebied het. Dit het die Afrikaanse binnelandbewoner fisies en psigologies mobiel gemaak en in hierdie mobielmaking lê die noodwendige voorwaarde vir die moontlikheid van die latere groot volksbeweging.

  4. Ensiklopedisiteit in die

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Mev. R.B. Ruthven

    Opsomming: Die Woordeboek van die Afrikaanse Taal (voortaan WAT) het vanaf die negende deel wegbeweeg van 'n meer ensiklopediese aanbod van inligting. Hiervoor het die woordeboek heelwat lof van teoretici ontvang. Die mening is egter ook uitgespreek dat die WAT wat leksiko- grafiese funksie betref meer op die ...

  5. Rezension zu: Rebecca Pates, Daniel Schmidt: Die Verwaltung der Prostitution. Eine vergleichende Studie am Beispiel deutscher, polnischer und tschechischer Kommunen. Bielefeld: transcript Verlag 2009.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jenny Künkel

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Die aus dem Forschungsprojekt ‚Verwaltung der Prostitution‘ an der Universität Leipzig heraus entstandene Publikation geht der Frage nach, welche Problemdefinitionen, Kategorisierungen und Wissensbestände lokale Verwaltungsakteure/-innen in Deutschland, Polen und Tschechien der Prostitutionsregulierung zugrunde legen. Die Studie zeigt, dass teilautonomes Verwaltungshandeln Recht nicht nur umsetzt, sondern auch produziert. Durch den Fokus auf die lokale Ebene der Prostitutionsregulierung und durch den staatsethnographischen Zugang ist die Monographie in zweierlei Hinsicht innovativ. Lediglich etwas mehr Informationen zum methodischen Vorgehen sowie ein expliziteres Aufgreifen der theoretischen Konzepte bei der Aufbereitung des empirischen Materials wären wünschenswert gewesen.

  6. Existential concerns about death: a qualitative study of dying patients in a Danish hospice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moestrup, Lene; Hansen, Helle Ploug

    2015-06-01

    Research suggests that addressing dying patients' existential concerns can improve their quality of life. We aimed to illuminate dying patients' existential concerns about the impending death through a descriptive analysis of semistructured interviews with 17 patients in Danish hospices. The main findings demonstrated how the patients faced the imminent death without being anxious of death but sorrowful about leaving life. Some patients expressed that they avoided thinking about death. They wished to focus on positive aspects in their daily life. We argue that the patients' existential concerns could not be fully captured by Yalom's existential psychology or by Kübler-Ross's theory about death stages. Patients' complex concerns could be more fully explained taking an outset in Heidegger's phenomenological thinking. © The Author(s) 2014.

  7. die effek van speenouderdom op die produksievermoe van die sog

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    lonsequcntty the early weaned sows produced significantly more piglets per annum (22,5 vs 20,1). OPSOMIIiING: Die effek van speenouderdom, toegepas vir die eerste vyf agtereenvolgende laktasieperiodes van die sog, op die produksievermod van ...

  8. die sinodale verband van die nederduitse gereformeerde kerk in die ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Liezel

    die OVS 1865-1912:10:05:1865 e.v.d.; Pro Memoria of voorwoord; Oberholzer. s.a.:73). Hoewel die eerste sinode as 'n vergadering van die verband eers van 10 tot 13 Mei 1865 in Bloemfontein gehou is, is die verband self by hierdie vergadering in Smithfield gevorm. 1. In aansluiting by Gerdener praat Oberholster van ...

  9. Die funksie van die skeppingstradisie in die boek Jeremia

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    dition of creation in Jeremiah' and, secondly, to discuss the relevance of the conclusions ... niskomplekse wat handel oor die groot dade van Jahwe in die geskiedenis van sy volk. • A1 hierdie gedeeites kan .... In vier hoofstukke (nl 4, 5, 27 & 31) word verwysings na die skeppingstradi sie gekombineer met verwysings na die ...

  10. DIE ROL VAN DIE TAALWETENSKAP IN DIE ONTWIKKELING VAN ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Tod'orov en Barthes ond~rsoek byvoorbeeld' verhaalstrukture in die algemeen, of hulle:nou binne.die.letterkunde voorkom of daarbuite. In sy boek, Structuralist Poetic!>, vestig Jonathan Culler weer die aandag op dit wat eie aan die letterkund'e is: literere konvensies. Dat d'aar sulke uniek-literere konvensies bestaan, kan ...

  11. Die 'verleentheid' van die teoloog voor die teodiseeprobleem

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    KRISIS VIR GOD SE GEREGTIGHEID? Die raaisel dat 'goeie' mense moet ly, bly steeds een van die brandenste vraagstukke onder gelowiges. Een rede is dat talle mense glo dat die. 'daad-gevolg-samehang', soos dit in die wysheidsliteratuur bekend geword het (vgl oa Schmid 1974: 64-90; Kutsch 1973: 197-214; Kaiser.

  12. Home to die from the intensive care unit: A qualitative descriptive study of the family's experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hutchinson, Amy L; Van Wissen, Kim A

    2017-12-01

    Many people would choose to die at home, and this can be an option for intensive care patients. However, there is limited exploration of the impact on the family. To gain insight into family members' experiences when an adult intensive care unit patient is taken home to die. Methodology is qualitative description, utilising purposeful sampling, unstructured interviews and thematic analysis. Four participants, from two different families were interviewed. The setting was a tertiary level Intensive Care Unit in New Zealand. The experience was described as a kaleidoscope of events with two main themes: 'value' family member's found in the patient going home, and their experience of the 'process'. 'Value' subthemes: going home being the patient's own decision, home as an end-of-life environment, and the patient's positive response to being at home. 'Process' subthemes: care and support received, stress of a family member being in intensive care, feeling that everything happened quickly, and concerns and uncertainties. Going home to die from the intensive care unit can be a positive but challenging experience for the family. Full collaboration between the patient, family and staff is essential, to ensure the family are appropriately supported. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  13. Die gesigte van die neo-marxisme

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. C. Boshoff

    1979-05-01

    Full Text Available Ons weet nie sondermeer wat die voorsetsel ‘NEO’ beteken nie. Het Marx in ons tyd herleef of ’n ombuiging, hersiening, aanvulling of selfs ’n korrektief op die oorspronklike visie van Marx gekom? Wat hou die naam, doelstellings en gees van Karl Marx lewendig en dreig om die Westerse lewenswyse en die Christelike godsdiens te vernietig met ’n leefwyse wat die Christelike geloof op sy kardinale punte aanval?

  14. Die gesigte van die neo-marxisme

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. C. Boshoff

    1979-06-01

    Full Text Available Ons weet nie sondermeer wat die voorsetsel ‘NEO’ beteken nie. Het Marx in ons tyd herleef of ’n ombuiging, hersiening, aanvulling of selfs ’n korrektief op die oorspronklike visie van Marx gekom? Wat hou die naam, doelstellings en gees van Karl Marx lewendig en dreig om die Westerse lewenswyse en die Christelike godsdiens te vernietig met ’n leefwyse wat die Christelike geloof op sy kardinale punte aanval?

  15. Ses van die een en 'n halfdosyn van die ander? | van Dyk | Journal ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Uit die studie behoort dit duidelik te wees of daar grootskaalse oorvleueling tussen CAPS aan die een kant en TAG en die AGLA121-module aan die ander kant is en of ʼn module in Akademiese Geletterdheid noodsaaklik is vir alle leerders op eerstejaarsvlak, omdat dit fokus op aspekte wat nie deur die skoolsillabus gedek ...

  16. Die verband tussen lokus van beheer en die werks prestasie van swart bemarkers in die lewensversekeringsbedryf

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. L. Coetzer

    1997-06-01

    Full Text Available The relationship between locus of control and the work performance of black marketers in the life assurance industry. The aim of the study was to establish the relationship between locus of control and the work performance of black marketers in the life assurance industry. These constructs were selected by virtue of the lack of empirical research regarding the assumed relationship between them. The Locus of Control Scale of Schepers (1995 was used for measuring locus of control. Work performance was measured by the commission earned per month by the marketer, the number of policies generated by the marketer, as well as the percentage of lapsed policies. The relevant measurements were obtained in respect of a sample of 149 black marketing personnel. The results indicated a modest but statistically significant relationship between external locus of control and the work performance of black marketers. Opsomming Die doel van die studie was om die verband tussen lokus van beheer en die werksprestasie van swart bemarkers in die lewensversekeringsbedryf te bepaal. Hierdie konstrukte is gekies op grond van die gebrek aan empiriese navorsing rakende die veronderstelde verband tussen genoemde konstrukte. Die Lokus van Beheer-vraelys van Schepers (1995 is in die meting van lokus van beheer gebruik. Werksprestasie is aan die hand van kommissie per maand verdien, aantal polisse gegenereer deur 'n bemarker en die persentasie vervalde polisse, gemeet. Die tersaaklike metinge is verkry ten opsigte van 'n steekproef van 149 swart bemarkers. Die resultate toon 'n klein, dog statisties beduidende verband tussen eksterne lokus van beheer en die werksprestasie van swart bemarkers in die lewensversekeringsbedryf.

  17. Thermal neutron Die-Away-Time studies for P&DGNAA of large samples at the MEDINA facility

    OpenAIRE

    Mildenberger, Frank; Mauerhofer, Eric

    2015-01-01

    THERMAL NEUTRON DIE-WAY-TIME STUDIES FOR P&DGNAA OF RADIOACTIVE WASTE DRUMS AT THE MEDINA FACILITYFrank Mildenberger*, Eric MauerhoferInstitute of Energy and Climate Research – Nuclear Waste Management and Reactor Safety, Forschungszentrum Juelich GmbH; 52425 Juelich, Germany*Correspondence: (F. Mildenberger)IntroductionIn Germany, radioactive waste with negligible heat production has to pass through a process of quality checking in order to check its conformance ...

  18. Studies of the quality and cost-effectiveness of a novel conceptof open-die forged powerplant main shaft

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Skubisz

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available An innovatory concept of open-die forging of windmill main shaft is described. Comparative study of the new technology based on the concept of cogging hollow shaft on mandrel featuring material savings and higher quality of a finished part versus traditional production chain of this component is presented, indicating benefits and technological setbacks of industrial implementation. Results of industrial sampling aided with numerical simulation form guidelines for technological realization.

  19. Energy research programmes on hydrogen and fuel cells for the period 2008 - 2011; Energieforschungsprogramme Wasserstoff und Brennstoffzellen fuer die Jahre 2008-2011

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gut, A.; Luzzi, A.; Spirig, M.

    2007-12-15

    This comprehensive report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) reports on the concept for research in Switzerland in the area of hydrogen and fuel cells for the period 2008 - 2011. The starting position is noted with a short review of the vision of a 'hydrogen economy'. The present-day production of hydrogen for non-energetic purposes is noted and the current state-of-the-art is discussed. The potential in Switzerland for the production of hydrogen and the use of fuel cells is discussed, as are research efforts and pilot projects in these areas. Private and public expenditure in the area is reviewed. The aims and the focal points of research during the period 2008 - 2011 are discussed, as are potentials both in Switzerland as well as world-wide. Further topics dealt with include system integration and hydrogen storage, service life, reliability and cost factors.

  20. [Good care for patients who die in intensive care units in Spain. A study based on international care quality indicators].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Girbau, M B; Monedero, P; Centeno, C; Grupo Español de Cuidados Al Final de la Vida En, U C I

    2017-12-29

    Good care for patients who die in intensive care should be pursued in the same way that excellence is sought in other clinical aspects. To assess the quality of clinical care given to patients who die in intensive care units (ICU) in Spain. Methodos. A retrospective observational cohort study of patients who died in the ICU based on a Spanish sample. Inclusion criteria were patients older than 18 years who died in ICU after a minimum stay of 24 hours. Consecutive admissions without exclusions were analyzed. Excellence criteria in intensive care were assessed by quality indicators and measures, related to end-of-life care, developed by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Critical Care Workgroup. Two hundred and eighty-two patients from 15 Spanish ICU were included. A median of 13% was observed in the achievement of the indicators. Almost all clinical records assessed both the patients' decision making capacity (96%) and their communication with families (98%), while a plan of care goals was achieved in only 50% of them. Only two ICU had open visiting policies. Distress assessment (48%) was better than that of pain assessment (28%). The absence of protocol for the withdrawal of life-sustaining treatments was observed in thirteen ICU. The indicators of emotional and spiritual support were achieved in less than 10%. The quality of end-of-life care in the participating ICU needs to be improved. The study identifies shortcomings and indicates existing resources in clinical practice from which a gradual improvement plan, adapted to the situation in each hospital, can be designed. The analysis, inexpensive in its implementation, offers an opportunity for improvement, a goal recommended by most professional societies of intensive care medicine. Key words. End-of-life care. Intensive care. Critical care. Palliative care. Quality improvement.

  1. ’n Perspektief op ’n periode van kontak tussen Khoi en Afrikaans

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christo van Rensburg

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available In ’n soeke na die wortels van Afrikaans het vroeë taalkundiges op die raakpunte tussen Afrikaans en Nederlands gefokus. Die invloed van die nie-Europese tale het min aandag gekry. Gaandeweg is ’n rigtingverandering in hierdie studies opgemerk. Taalkontaksituasies in verskillende streke waarby nie-Nederlandssprekendes sowel as Nederlandssprekendes betrokke was, is van nader bekyk. Daaruit het taalgegewens na vore gekom wat daartoe bygedra het om die ontstaan en geskiedenis van Afrikaans beter te verstaan, en het al hoe meer antwoorde op vroeër onopgeloste vrae duidelik geword. Die besonderhede en die belangrikheid van taal in die kontaksituasie in die binnelandse Grensgebied word hier bespreek. In hierdie kontakgebied is in die periode vanaf 1700 tot 1800 Khoi-Afrikaans en Veeboerafrikaans gepraat. Dit kon moontlik die belangrikste fase in die geskiedenis van Afrikaans gewees het, waartydens die manier waarop dit gepraat is, indringend gewysig is. Die omstandighede waarin hierdie kontak plaasgevind het en die veranderende rolle van die twee tale word bespreek. Vorme wat eers as Khoi-Afrikaans gestigmatiseer is, het later die Afrikaans geword wat algemeen gebruik is. Hoe dit gebeur het, is die sentrale vraag wat ter sprake kom. Hierdie normverandering in die Grensgebied kan verstaan word deur die sosiohistoriese omstandighede waarin die variëteite van Afrikaans gepraat is van nader te bekyk. Een van die gevolge van hierdie taalkontak en gepaardgaande normverandering word ter illustrasie bespreek, te wete die Khoi-gebruik van ‘ons’ in onderwerpsposisie en die inskakeling daarvan by algemeen erkende Afrikaans.

  2. Die Afrikaanse Verklarende Musiekwoordeboek

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    betroubaarheid. Ook die Duitstalige "regterhand" van die musikoloog, die. Riemann Musiklexikon (Sachteil, 1967, en twee Personenteile, asook twee Supple- mente tot 19.), is "verklarend", met literatuuropgawes. Die gewenstheid van die A VM ten spyt, is dit egter moeilik om ongekwa- lifiseerde geesdrif vir die boek te he.

  3. Die Nagmaal en broodgebrek

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    p1243322

    Word byvoorbeeld honger in die. Nagmaal, as element van die liturgie, gereflekteer en ook gekonfronteer? Moet die hartverskeurende situasie van honger gesinne nie ter sprake kom wanneer die gemeente die “maaltyd van die Here” (cdh*o mnm jtqh`jn.m) (1. Kor 11:20) eet en drink nie? Christus het immers in Matteus 25 ...

  4. DIE SLAG VAN BLOEDRIVIER~

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    van die betekenis watdie Slag van Bloedriviervir die Suid-Afrikaansemilitere geskiedenis inhou, is Bloedrivier een van die slagvelde in die land wat die volledigste gerekonstrueer is. Voetnote. 1. J. J. Oberholster: Die Historiese Monumente van Suid-Afrika, p. 279. 2. H. J. Hofstede: Geschiedenis van den Oranje-Vrijstaat,.

  5. Die opkoms en die betekenis van die Ooste

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G.D. Scholtz

    1968-03-01

    Full Text Available Die vraag ontstaan onmiddellik: wat word bedoel met die Ooste? Wanneer die saak ontleed word, blyk dit dat dit nie ’n vaste begrip is nie. Wanneer daar van die Ooste gepraat word, stel iemand hom op Europese standpunt. Alles wat ten ooste van Europa geleë is, is die Ooste. Dit beteken derhalwe dat die Ooste, Asië is. Waar begin Asië egter en waar eindig dit? Hierdie vraag is van sowel aardrykskundige as geskiedkundige belang.

  6. Review: Reinhard Müller (2008. Marienthal. Das Dorf – Die Arbeitslosen – Die Studie [Marienthal. The Village—the Unemployed—the Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerhard Jost

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available The book by Reinhard MÜLLER deals with the well-known study "Marienthal: The Sociography of an Unemployed Community" by Marie JAHODA, Paul F. LAZARSFELD, and Hans ZEISEL (1933, 1971. The author presents interesting socio-historical details about the study itself as well as about the community and factory. More than half of the book is dedicated to the development of the workers' settlement of Marienthal, starting with the founding of the village and then the textile factory. The author describes historical events, important people' and developments in the community. Also additional information—portraits and memories—about the well-known study is presented. The book not only enables a deeper insight into the classical study and the settlement of Marienthal, it also illustrates (Austrian history by way of a community and a study. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0903206

  7. Die verband tussen kreatinienopruiming en glomerulere ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    1 Sep 1990 ... die ondersoek was om die gebruik van radio-isotope, en wel radio-gemerkte natriumchromaat etileendiamientetra-asynsuur. (51Cr-EDTA) in kritiek siek pasiente te evalueer. Metode. Studieformaat. In die studie is gebruik gemaak van 10 paslente in die eenheid by Pelonomi-hospitaal, wat elkeen in 3 fases ...

  8. Die Voortrekker-Monument

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerard Moerdyk

    1938-03-01

    Full Text Available Die Eeufeesjaar is vir die Afrikaner ’n tydperk van besieling. Nog nooit sedert die ontstaan van ons volk het een enkele gebeurtenis soveel nasietrots gewek as die honderdjarige herdenking van die Groot Trek. Vir die eerste keer in ons geskiedenis voel ons ons nie meer Kapenaars, Vrystaters, Natalers, en Transvalers nie, maar Afrikaners, saamgesnoer deur die tradisies van ’n selfstandige kultuurvolk. Wanneer die klimaks van die Ossewatrek met die hocksteenlegging van die Voortrekker-Monument bereik word, sal die besieling nie uitsterf nie, die krag wat geskep is sal bly voortgroei tot ’n onweerstaanbare mag. Die Afrikaner sal homself vind, en as die Monument na sowat vyf jaar onthul word, sal die saad wat in hierdie jaar gesaai is, tot voile rypheid gekom het. Dan sal die Monument self tot die volk spreek; intussen egter, is dit wenslik, nee noodsaaklik selfs, om die Monument aan die Afrikaners te verklaar, om ‘n uiteensetting te gee van die noodsaaklikheid van so ’n Monument, sowel as om die motief te verduidelik wat as inspirasie gedien het vir die ontwerpdaar van.

  9. 'n voorgestelde raamwerk vir die skryf van 'n akademiese publikasie

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    4. 'N VOORGESTELDE RAAMWERK VIR DIE. SKRYF VAN AKADEMIESE STUDIES EN. ARTIKELS. Die geïdentifiseerde stappe binne die raamwerk beteken nie dat hierdie stappe altyd direk op mekaar sal volg nie. Ter wille van die sistema- tiese opskryf van die navorsingsartikel word die stappe wel numeries aangedui.

  10. Ortopedie in die Grieks - Romeinse era

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Louise Cilliers

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Die gevorderde hantering van afwykings van bene en gewrigte, Ortopedie, het in Mesopotamië en veral in antieke Egipte sy ontstaan gehad. Dit was egter die Griekse geneeshere wat in die laat 5de eeu v.C. in die Hippokratiese Korpus ’n merkwaardig doeltreffende samevatting van die ortopediese beroep vasgelê het, waarop vir minstens ’n 1 000 jaar nie beduidend verbeter sou word nie. Gebaseer op die onderskeiding tussen toe en oop frakture en ontwrigtings (lg. met oorliggende velwond, en aansienlik swakker prognose is hierdie afwykings so spoedig moontlik gereduseer (selfs deur middel van meganiese tegnieke, die oorliggende vel met seraatsalf gesmeer en dan met kompresse en verbande geïmmobiliseer. Gedurende die eerste 12 dae is die letsel herhaaldelik weer oopgemaak om die fraktuur of ontwrigting te herbelyn indien nodig. Eers hierna is ferm immobilisasie met onder andere spalke aangebring. Beduidende druk op die letsel is vermy omdat daar geglo is dat dit sepsis en gangreen aanbring. Dit is aanvaar dat genesing 20 dae (by byvoorbeeld voet-, rib- en sleutelbeenfrakture en 40 dae (by been- en bo-armfrakture sou duur. Benewens algemeen geldende prosedures is die spesifi  eke hantering van 18 verskillende frakture en ’n groot aantal ontwrigtings in besonderhede uitgespel. Oor ander ortopediese afwykings soos degeneratiewe artritis en jig verskyn daar min in die Hippokratiese werke, maar later geneeshere in die Romeinse era (bv. Celsus, Soranus, Aretaeus en Galenus het dit wel beskryf. Daar is aanduiding dat die hantering van siektes van gewrigte en bene by die mens (die dissipline van ortopedie in moderne terminologie reeds in antieke Egipte deeglik bestudeer en aangeteken is. 1 Tydens die klassieke era en die Romeinse tyd is beduidende verdere bydraes gelewer. In hierdie studie word die ewolusionêre ontwikkeling van ortopedie as kliniese studierigting in die antieke tyd, onder die loep geneem.

  11. Latynse vertalings van die Ou Testament - ’n Bespreking aan die hand van Genesis 17: 1-7

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. F. van Rooy

    1985-05-01

    Full Text Available Raakpunte in die studie van Latyn en Hebreeus kom nie dikwels tot hulle reg in die akademiese wêreld nie, en Suid-Afrika is seker geen uitsondering op die reël nie. Tog is daar 'n groot terrein wat op ontginning wag in hierdie verband. As blyk van waardering word hierdie poging in die rigting aangebied aan 'n geëerde leermeester op wie se rekening die gebreke nie geplaas moet word nie. Die Latynse vertalings van die Ou Testament waaraan aandag gegee word, is die Vetus Latina (VL en die Vulgaat (V. Hulle word vergelyk met die Massoretiese teks (MT, die standaard Hebreeuse teks van die Ou Testament, en met die Septuaginta (LXX, die Griekse vertaling van die Ou Testament wat in die vroeë kerk geweldige aanhang geniet het.

  12. Study of Dynamic Characteristics for Hydraulic System on 300MN Die-forging Press

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Guoqiang; Tan, Jianping

    2017-06-01

    The faults such as seal breakdown and pressure sensor damage occur in 300MN Die-forging press frequently. First, the fault phenomenon and harm of the hydraulic system was compiled statistics, the theoretical analysis of the hydraulic impact of hydraulic system are carried out based on the momentum theorem; Then, the co-simulation model of hydraulic system was established by AMESim and Simulink software and the correctness was verified. Finally, the dynamic characteristics of hydraulic system for the key working condition “forging stroke changing to mold collision” was analyzed, the influences rules of system parameters such as the leak gap of valve, diameter of water way pipeline, emulsion temperature and air contain act on hydraulic system are obtained. This conclusions have a theoretical guiding significance to the improvement and maintains of high pressure and large flow hydraulic system.

  13. A Numerical and Experimental Study of Flow Behavior in High Pressure Die Casting

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saeedipour, Mahdi; Schneiderbauer, Simon; Pirker, Stefan; Bozorgi, Salar

    High pressure die casting (HPDC) is one of the most important and yet little known manufacturing methods especially during liquid metal injection and filling phase. During its application different problems can arise: on the one hand, wavy disintegration of the jet might result in cold shut defect in the final product, on the other hand a high degree of atomization may strongly increase the porosity defect. A numerical simulation using volume of fluid approach (VOF), is carried out to model the global spreading of liquid metal jet. The formation of droplets, which are usually smaller than the grid spacing in computational domain, is determined by a surface energy-based criterion. An Eulerian-Lagrangian framework is introduced to track and model the droplets after formation. Since liquid metal is hardly to access, we performed experiments based on water analogy to capture the flow regime changes and drop formation. The comparison between numerical results and experiments shows a very good agreement.

  14. DIE DIALEKTIEK IN DIE WAARDES VAN DIE 1996 GRONDWET 1 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Administrator

    Steytler A Charter for Social Justice: a Contribution to the South African Bill of Rights Debate (1992). 17-18. 5 Dit geld ... As die norma nie. 'n hoek van negentig grade maak nie, is dit hoogs onwaarskynlik dat die mure van die spreekwoordelike bouwerk van 'n nuwe grondwetlike bedeling reghoekig opgetrek sal word.

  15. die rol van die eerste suid- afrikaanse infanteriedivisie tydens die ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    rug. Hier het sy magte hulle vasgeloop in voorafbeplande gekonsentreerde vuurkrag von die Britse ortillerie en tenkvuur vanuit romponderstellings wat die Britse pantser in stoat gestel het om sy tenks in die ope aan te durf terwyl hulle agter dekking was.16. Rommel het presies opgetree soos wat Montgomery beplan het.

  16. Wat is die reg en die vryheid van die eksegeet?

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    voorgestaan terwyl die Antiocheense skool (Joh Chrysostemos en. Theodorus van Mopsuesta) weer as eksegese gesien het 'n meer letterlike verklaring van die Bybel. Augustinus en Hieronimus het probeer om die twee metodes te kombineer, terwyl Petrus. Lombardus, Alexander van Hailes en Thomas Aquinas 'n vier-.

  17. Rembrandt en die Bybel.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. Dekker

    1951-03-01

    Full Text Available Onlangs het ek in ’n Nederlandse weekblad iets gelees wat tot diepnadenke stem. Dit was die uitspraak van ’n ontwikkelde Oosterling wat sy groot bewondering vir die Westerse kultuur betuig het en sy besef van wat dit nog vir die Ooste sal beteken. Maar, het hy besluit,wat die Weste tot daardie hoogte laat styg het, is die Christendom, en die Christelike geloof is nie ineer die bronaar van sy geestelike lewe nie.

  18. Appropriate uptake period for myocardial PET imaging with {sup 18}F-FDG after oral glucose loading; Optimaler Akquisitionszeitpunkt fuer die Herz-PET mit {sup 18}F-FDG nach oraler Glukosebelastung

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brink, I.; Hentschell, M.; Hoegerle, S.; Moser, E. [Abt. Nuklearmedizin, Radiologische, Universitaetsklinik Freiburg (Germany); Nitzsche, E.U. [Abt. Nuklearmedizin und PET, Universitaetsklink Basel (Switzerland); Mix, M.; Schindler, T. [Div. of Nuclear Medicine and Biophysics, UCLA School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA (United States)

    2003-02-01

    Aim: Identification of a rationale for the appropriate uptake period for myocardial {sup 18}F-FDG-PET imaging of patients with and without diabetes mellitus. Methods: In a subset of 27 patients, static 2D-PET examination was performed of patients with chronic coronary artery disease and known myocardial infarction. The patients fasted (at least 4 h) before examination. {sup 18}F-FDG (330 {+-} 20 MBq) was injected intravenously. The image quality was semiquantitativly determined by ROI-analysis and the myocardium-to-blood pool activity ratio (M/B) was calculated. I.) Scans 30, 60, and 90 min p. i. of 10 non-diabetic patients (60 g oral glucose loading one hour before FDG-injection, low-dose intravenous insulin bolus if necessary). II.) Scans 30, 60, and 90 min p. i. of 10 patients with known non-insulin dependent diabetes (20 g glucose, insulin bolus). III.) Scans 90 min p. i. of 7 patients with known non-insulin dependent diabetes and elevated fasting serum glucose level (140-200 mg/dl; insulin bolus, no glucose). Results: I.) The M/B ratio significantly increases in non-diabetic patients with the uptake time (30 min 1.95 {+-} 0.20; 60 min 2.96 {+-} 0.36; 90 min 3.78 {+-} 0.43). II.) In patients with non-insulin dependent diabetes the M/B ratio also significantly increases with uptake time. Compared to non-diabetic patients group II reached smaller M/B values (30 min 1.56 {+-} 0.10; 60 min 2.15 {+-} 0.14; 90 min 2.71 {+-} 0.19). III.) In the group of patients with elevated fasting serum glucose level (who only got insulin but no glucose loading) the M/B activity ratio 90 min p. i. was clearly inferior compared with diabetic patients after oral glucose loading and insulin administration (M/B 2.71 {+-} 0.19 versus 2.16 {+-} 0.07). Conclusions: In static myocardial viability PET studies with {sup 18}F-FDG an uptake time of 90 min yields image quality superior to that obtained after shorter uptake time. (orig.) [German] Ziel: Definition eines optimalen

  19. Comparative evaluation of few physical properties of epoxy resin, resin-modified gypsum and conventional type IV gypsum die materials: an in vitro study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gujjarlapudi, Manmohan Choudary; Reddy, S Varalakshmi; Madineni, Praveen Kumar; Ealla, Kranti Kiran Reddy; Nunna, Venkata Narayana; Manne, Sanjay Dutt

    2012-01-01

    To compare and evaluate few physical properties of epoxy resin, resin-modified gypsum and conventional type-IV gypsum die material. In the present study, dimensional accuracy, surface detail reproduction and transverse strength of three die materials like epoxy resin (Diemet-E), resin-modified gypsum (Synarock) and conventional type-IV gypsum (Ultrarock) are analyzed. For dimensional accuracy, master die (Bailey's die) is used and calibrations were made with digital microscope. For surface detail reproduction and transverse strength, rectangular stainless steel master die (Duke's die) was used and calibrations were made with Toolmaker's microscope and Instron universal testing machine respectively. One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was performed on the means and standard deviation for groups of each test. The results of the study showed statistically significant difference among these materials in dimensional accuracy, surface detail reproduction and transverse strength. Epoxy resin exhibited superiority in dimensional accuracy, surface detail reproduction and transverse strength and is nearest to the standards of accurate die material.

  20. Modeling of high temperature- and diffusion-controlled die soldering in aluminum high pressure die casting

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Domkin, Konstantin; Hattel, Jesper Henri; Thorborg, Jesper

    2009-01-01

    Soldering of cast alloys to the dies has been a continuing source of die surface damage in the aluminum die-casting industry. To reduce the repair and maintenance costs, an approach to modeling the damage and predicting the die lifetime is required. The aim of the present study is the estimation...... the die-casting industry. As an example, the model is applied to several cases of high pressure die casting (HPDC) where A380 alloy parts are cast in the H13 steel die. The predicted locations of the higher strength of soldering appear in the "hot spot" areas of the die surface in agreement...

  1. Brief Study and Spanish Translation of Die Kunst das Clavier zu Spielen by Friedrich Wilhelm Marpurg (Berlin, Henning, 1750

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María de las Nieves Pascual León

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper includes the fi rst Spanish version of F. W. Marpurg’s treaty Die Kunst das Clavier zu spielen, which had been restricted for the common Spanish-speaking reader since its fi rst appearance in 1750. This philological translation of the treaty (with the facsimile of the fi rst edition and its Spanish translation on the opposite page is instroduced by a brief study of the text’s various editions published during the author’s life, and pretends to offer an initial approach to the treaty, to facilitate the public’s access to the work and to contribute to its full disclosure.

  2. A mobile hospice nurse teaching team's experience: training care workers in spiritual and existential care for the dying - a qualitative study

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Tornøe, Kirsten; Danbolt, Lars Johan; Kvigne, Kari; Sørlie, Venke

    2015-01-01

    .... The aim of this study is to illuminate a pioneering Norwegian mobile hospice nurse teaching team's experience with teaching and training care workers in spiritual and existential care for the dying...

  3. Dying at home: a qualitative study of family carers' views of support provided by GPs community staff.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seamark, David; Blake, Susan; Brearley, Sarah G; Milligan, Christine; Thomas, Carol; Turner, Mary; Wang, Xu; Payne, Sheila

    2014-12-01

    Dying at home is the preference of many patients with life-limiting illness. This is often not achieved and a key factor is the availability of willing and able family carers. To elicit family carers' views about the community support that made death at home possible. Qualitative study in East Devon, North Lancashire, and Cumbria. Participants were bereaved family carers who had provided care at the end of life for patients dying at home. Semi-structured interviews were conducted 6-24 months after the death. Fifty-nine bereaved family carers were interviewed (54% response rate; 69% female). Two-thirds of the patients died from cancer with median time of home care being 5 months and for non-cancer patients the median time for home care was 30 months. An overarching theme was of continuity of care that divided into personal, organisational, and informational continuity. Large numbers and changes in care staff diluted personal continuity and failure of the GPs to visit was viewed negatively. Family carers had low expectations of informational continuity, finding information often did not transfer between secondary and primary care and other care agencies. Organisational continuity when present provided comfort and reassurance, and a sense of control. The requirement for continuity in delivering complex end-of-life care has long been acknowledged. Family carers in this study suggested that minimising the number of carers involved in care, increasing or ensuring personal continuity, and maximising the informational and organisational aspects of care could lead to a more positive experience. © British Journal of General Practice 2014.

  4. The impact of Erasmus mobility on the professional career: Empirical results of international studies on temporary student and teaching staff mobility Die Auswirkungen der Erasmus-Mobilität auf die berufliche Entwicklung : empirische Ergebnisse internationaler Studien über temporäre Mobilität von Studierenden und Lehrenden

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Constanze Engel

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The impact of an Erasmus study period abroad for mobile students and teaching assignments of Erasmus teachers on professional development is the focus of the article. Temporary study abroad is expected to have a positive impact on personal and academic development, but also to be conducive to transition to employment and career development. Though the impact has been declining, study abroad remains an important experience for the professional career. Erasmus teaching assignments often do not last longer than a few days. Nevertheless, mobile teachers report a positive impact on their career. The article is based on the VALERA Study1 “The professional value of Erasmus mobility”, a European-wide evaluation study by the International Centre for Higher Education Research Kassel.Im Zentrum des Artikels steht der Einfluss temporärer internationaler Studien- und Lehraufenthalte auf den Berufsweg ehemaliger Erasmus Studierender und Lehrender. Es wird erwartet, dass ein Auslandsaufenthalt während des Studiums nicht nur auf die persönliche und akademische Entwicklung der mobilen Studierenden einen positiven Einfluss hat, sondern auch auf den Übergang in den Beruf und die erste Karriere. Ein Auslandsaufenthalt im Studium hat einen sehr wichtigen Einfluss auf die berufliche Entwicklung ehemals mobiler Studierender, auch wenn der individuelle Ertrag im Laufe der Zeit gesunken ist. Lehraufenthalte im Rahmen des Erasmus Programmes dauern häufig nicht länger als wenige Tage. Dennoch berichten auch die Erasmus Lehrenden von einem positiven Einfluss des Lehraufenthaltes im Ausland auf ihre berufliche Entwicklung. Dieser Artikel basiert auf Ergebnissen der VALERA-Studie “Der berufliche Ertrag der Erasmus-Mobilität“, einer europaweiten Evaluierungstudie des Erasmus Programms durchgeführt vom Internationalen Zentrum für Hochschulforschung Kassel.

  5. A study of long-period mantle wave scattering

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meschede, M.; Romanowicz, B. A.

    2013-12-01

    This study examines long-period mantle wave scattering on the global scale. To this end, we extend a set of existing long wavelength global tomographic shear-velocity models with a random von-Karman model to add heterogeneities at much smaller scales. The spectrum of the random model is chosen to match the power of regional models at small scales and to transfer smoothly to the global model at long scales. Because such a model includes heterogeneities with realistic strengths at scales equal and smaller than wavelengths of long-period mantle signals (> 100s) we can examine the strong scattering regime. We use a spherical-harmonics multitaper approach to estimate the power spectrum of different regional models. We compare them to the power spectrum of global models estimated from the same region, and show that both spectra transfer reasonably smoothly into each other. The heterogeneity spectrum can be approximated by a von-Karman spectrum which is a decreasing power-law at short scales. We extend the global models in the upper mantle, based on these estimates of the short scale power spectra, and in the lower mantle, by extrapolation. Naturally, knowledge of the power spectrum alone, limits our models to realistic two-point correlations on short scales, neglecting higher orders. The consequences of such semi-statistical high-resolution models on the spectro-temporal behavior of long-period waveforms are analyzed using long time (> 30h) global spectral element simulations. We focus on measuring the scattering attenuation and the behavior of the envelopes to compare with real data and better constrain the spectral character of earth models at short wavelengths.

  6. A CLINICAL STUDY OF PHYSIOLOGICAL SKIN CHANGES IN NEONATAL PERIOD

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    Balachandran Parapattu Kunjukunju

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND The objective of this study was to find out physiological skin changes in newborns during the first 3 days of life. MATERIALS AND METHODS Around 1000 neonates were studied during the first three days at Government T D Medical College, Alappuzha, Kerala for a period of one year from January 2013 to December 2013. RESULTS Physiological skin changes seen were the commonest neonatal dermatoses, followed by transient non-infective cutaneous changes. Mongolian spot and Epstein pearl were the commonest among the physiological skin changes followed by sebaceous gland hyperplasia, physiological scaling, vernix caseosa, and sucking pads. The commonest transient non-infective cutaneous changes were erythema toxicum neonatorum, milia, transient pustular melanosis, neonatal cephalic pustulosis, eosinophilic pustulosis and infantile acropustulosis. CONCLUSION The common cutaneous change among neonates are mainly physiological and they are transient, self-limiting.

  7. Die uitbeelding van die vrou in Huisgenoot (1963 en 2013: ’n Multimodale diskoersanalise

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    Susann H. Marais

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Die standpunt dat die mens en die media in ’n verhouding van wedersydse beïnvloeding staan, sowel as die studie wat die kulturele konseptualisering van vroulikheid in twee Huisgenoot-uitgawes (1953 en 2003 ondersoek, geld as uitgangspunt vir dié studie. Hierdie studie het ten doel om te bepaal of daar ’n verskil is in die uitbeelding van die vrou in die Huisgenoot uitgawes van onderskeidelik 1963 en 2013. Volgens navorsing werk die visuele beeld en geskrewe teks saam om ’n boodskap oor te dra. Multimodale diskoersanalise (MDA word juis gebruik om beide visuele beeld en geskrewe teks te bestudeer. Sodoende word die metode van intersemiotiese komplementariteit binne MDA in hierdie studie gebruik. Die studie kom tot die gevolgtrekking dat die uitbeelding van die ideale vrou se verantwoordelikhede uitgebrei is, maar dat die vrou se rol tóg tot sekere ruimtes beperk word, soos die sigbaarheid van die moeder-stereotipe weerspieël.

  8. Die skeppingsordeninge en homoseksualiteit

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    steun op Aristoteles of Descartes wat betref die Godsleer, predestina- sieleer, die natuurlike teologie en die leer van die skepping en voor- sienigheid. Barth noem dit 'n dubbele boekhouding wat die natuur en genade, skepping en verbond, skeppingsopenbaring en heilsopenba- ring van mekaar losmaak. Sy kritiek is veral ...

  9. Die attach dimension and material on thermal conductivity study for high power COB LED

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarukunaselan, K.; Ong, N. R.; Sauli, Z.; Mahmed, N.; Kirtsaeng, S.; Sakuntasathien, S.; Suppiah, S.; Alcain, J. B.; Retnasamy, V.

    2017-09-01

    High power LED began to gain popularity in the semiconductor market due to its efficiency and luminance. Nonetheless, along with the increased in efficiency, there was an increased in the junction temperature too. The alleviating junction temperature is undesirable since the performances and lifetime will be degraded over time. Therefore, it is crucial to solve this thermal problem by maximizing the heat dissipation to the ambience. Improvising the die attach (DA) layer would be the best option because this layer is sandwiched between the chip (heat source) and the substrate (channel to the ambient). In this paper, the impact of thickness and thermal conductivity onto the junction temperature and Von Mises stress is analyzed. Results obtained showed that the junction temperature is directly proportional to the thickness but the stress was inversely proportional to the thickness of the DA. The thermal conductivity of the materials did affect the junction temperature as there was not much changes once the thermal conductivity reached 20W/mK. However, no significant changes were observed on the Von Mises stress caused by the thermal conductivity. Material with the second highest thermal conductivity had the lowest stress, whereas the highest conductivity material had the highest stress value at 20 µm. Overall, silver sinter provided the best thermal dissipation compared to the other materials.

  10. The doctor's role in helping dying patients with cancer achieve peace: a qualitative study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Best, Megan; Butow, Phyllis; Olver, Ian

    2014-10-01

    Being at peace is important for the quality of life of dying cancer patients, but its features, and the role of the doctor in facilitating peace, are unclear. We sought to understand the features of a peaceful patient, and patients' preferences regarding the role of the doctor in facilitating a sense of peace. A grounded theory approach was used with semi-structured interviews. Patients were asked about the things that gave their life meaning and a sense of peace and how the doctor could support their spiritual well-being. Patients were also questioned about their concerns for their future. In total, 15 cancer patients with advanced disease were interviewed in a variety of care settings. Patients were observed to be along a spectrum between having peace and not having peace. Features of the two extreme positions are described. Doctors could facilitate peace by developing a good relationship with cancer patients and supplying clear and honest information about what patients could expect as they approached their death. Spiritual well-being in cancer patients can be promoted by communication from doctors regarding prognosis, which allows them time to prepare for death, and recognition of their fears. However, acceptance of death does not always lead to the patient experiencing peace. © The Author(s) 2014.

  11. A study on the die steel surface modification by electron beam

    CERN Document Server

    Wu Ai Min; Zou Jian Xin; Hao Sheng Zhi; Dong Chuang; Zhang Ai Ming; Xu Tao

    2002-01-01

    A new surface modification technology-high current pulsed electron beam treatment method was applied to the surface of die steel to improve its properties. It has been shown that as a result of the HCPEB treatment, the most pronounced changes of the structure-phase state occur in the near-surface layers quenched from the liquid state, where the crystallization front velocity reaches its maximum. In these layers partial or complete dissolving of second phases and formation of over saturated solid solutions and ordered nano-sized structures may take place. This makes it possible to improve substantially the electrochemical and strength properties of the surface layer. The authors found that the thickness of remelt layer is about 10 mu m, and the sectional microhardness increased accompanied by the enhancement of the wear resistance of the material. After modification, the relative wear resistance of D2 steel have increased 5.63 times and that of H13 steel increased 11.76 times

  12. District nurse advocacy for choice to live and die at home in rural Australia: a scoping study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reed, Frances M; Fitzgerald, Les; Bish, Melanie R

    2015-06-01

    Choice to live and die at home is supported by palliative care policy; however, health resources and access disparity impact on this choice in rural Australia. Rural end-of-life home care is provided by district nurses, but little is known about their role in advocacy for choice in care. The study was conducted to review the scope of the empirical literature available to answer the research question: What circumstances influence district nurse advocacy for rural client choice to live and die at home?, and identify gaps in the knowledge. Interpretive scoping methodology was used to search online databases, identify suitable studies and select, chart, analyse and describe the findings. 34 international studies revealed themes of 'the nursing relationship', 'environment', 'communication', 'support' and 'the holistic client centred district nursing role. Under-resourcing, medicalisation and emotional relational burden could affect advocacy in rural areas. It is not known how district nurses overcome these circumstances to advocate for choice in end-of-life care. Research designed to increase understanding of how rural district nurses advocate successfully for client goals will enable improvements to be made in the quality of end-of-life care offered. © The Author(s) 2014.

  13. Die rol van moreel in die militêre konflik

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Scientia Militaria: South African Journal of Military Studies. Journal Home · ABOUT · Advanced Search · Current Issue · Archives · Journal Home > Vol 13, No 1 (1983) >. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads. Username, Password, Remember me, or Register. Die rol van moreel in die militêre konflik.

  14. The dead and the dying - a difficult part of EMS transport: A Swiss cross-sectional study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hasler, Rebecca Maria; Stucky, Sandra; Bähler, Heinz; Exadaktylos, Aristomenis K; Neff, Frank

    2018-01-01

    Most deaths occur in the pre-hospital setting, whereas mortality in the emergency department (ED) is low (transported to hospital in devastating conditions with no likelihood of survival, but demanding extensive hospital resources. The decision on whether to transport a dying person to hospital or not is a difficult task for emergency medical services (EMS) personnel. As there is little epidemiological data about these patients, this paper aims to describe this special population. Retrospective cross-sectional study on adult patients transported by ground ambulance to the ED of a Swiss university hospital, who died during their stay in the ED between January 2008 and December 2012. Data was collected on the basis of ambulance report forms and discharge summaries of the ED. One hundred and sixty-one patients were analysed. Most deaths were due to cardiovascular diseases (43%). Only 9% of patients died of trauma. The median age was 70 years (IQR 56-81 years) and 70% (n = 112) were men. Trauma patients were significantly younger (median age 55 years, ptransported by EMS to the ED. About one third of all patients received cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) from bystanders (n = 53). The most common electrocardiogram (ECG) findings were asystole (n = 57) and pulseless electrical activity (n = 91). Fifty percent (n = 64) of the resuscitated patients were defibrillated. Three quarters (n = 115, 72%) of all patients were intubated on site. The mechanical chest compression device Lucas™2 was mainly used in cases of cardiovascular or uncertain cause of death and did not reduce the operating time on site. The low ED mortality rate of 0.9% shows that only a few dying patients are transported to hospital. However, transport to hospital has to be carefully evaluated, especially for elderly patients with asystole or PEA due to medical conditions. The low CPR rate from bystanders demonstrates that public CPR training should be promoted further. The use of Lucas™2 did not

  15. ,,Die kleur-krisis en die Weste"

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    J. H. Coetzee

    1953-03-01

    Full Text Available Wie vandag onbevange en met ’n opregte begeerte na die volle waarheid oor die sogenaamde „kleurvraagstuk” in Suid-Afrika wil skryf, moet voorwaard bid dat hom die deel van Esegiël te beurt mag val: „Jou voorhoof maak ek hard soos ’n diamant, harder as ’n rots . . . ."

  16. Die funksie van ruimte in die narratologie

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Venter (1985: 20 vv) is van mening dat hierdie negatiewe beoorde- ling van ruimte as blote 'vulling' (Venter 1985: 20) die beginsel was waarvolgens Plato in die ouer literêre paradigma byvoorbeeld die Ilias van Homerus so beskryf het dat alle ruimtelike gegewens sover moont- lik weggelaat is. Hiervolgens kon ruimte te ...

  17. KERKWEES IN DIE

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    KERKWEES IN DIE BRANDING: DIE NEDERDUITSE GEREFORMEERDE. KERK IN ALGEMENE SINODALE VERBAND. 1994-2011. ACTA THEOLOGICA. Supplementum 18. 2013. INHOUD. HOOFSTUK 1 Verantwoording. 1. HOOFSTUK 2 Die Sinode van versoening? 4. HOOFSTUK 3 Bestendiging in 'n nuwe bedeling.

  18. Die Institusie van Calvyn.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. C. Coetzee

    1951-03-01

    Full Text Available Ek wil hier geen verhandeling oor Calvyn se onderwysing in die Christelike godsdiens skrywe nie maar net die aandag vestig op die feit dat hierdie werk van Calvyn nou ook in Afrikaans verkrygbaar is.

  19. Die geskiktheid van potwurms (Enchytraeidae en plante om die toksisiteit van olieraffinadery-slik te toets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriaan J. Reinecke

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Grondbewerking word in die petrochemiese nywerheid in suidelike Afrika gebruik as ’n metode om van besoedelstowwe ontslae te raak. ’n Historiese grondbewerkingsperseel is by ’n petroleumraffinadery geïdentifiseer waar die gedeponeerde slik uit ’n mengsel van olie en wateroplosbare chemiese besoedelstowwe bestaan wat verskeie gevaarlike chemikalieё insluit. Die doel met die studie was om die toksisiteit van die slik, sowel as grond, op die perseel te bepaal en vas te stel of plante en potwurms gebruik kan word in die bioassessering van die slik, aangesien daar ’n behoefte bestaan om ’n groter verskeidenheid toetsorganismes te gebruik wat verskillende ekologiese nisse verteenwoordig. Ons het eksemplare van ’n grondlewende potwurm (Enchytraeus doerjesi aan die slik en aan slikbewerkte grond blootgestel en hulle oorlewing, groei, voortplantingsukses en vermydingsgedrag bestudeer. Vyf plantsoorte en hulle sade is aan verskillende konsentrasies van die slik in kommersiёle potgrond blootgestel en hulle ontkiemingsukses, groeikoers en biomassa is bepaal. Die grond van die landbewerkingsperseel was nie akuut toksies vir die potwurms nie en hulle het selfs ’n toename in voortplanting getoon in vergelyking met onbesoedelde grond. Hulle het wel in gedragstoetse erg besoedelde grond vermy. Die bevinding is dat potwurms nie so gevoelig is vir die slik soos erdwurms en springsterte, wat voorheen getoets is nie, maar dat hulle wel bruikbaar is en kan bydra om die toksisiteit en herstelstatus van sulke grond te evalueer, aangesien hulle ’n bykomende ekologiese nis verteenwoordig. Die plante was nie baie gevoelig vir die slik nie en gemengde resultate is verkry. Slaai en gras is die meeste deur die slik geaffekteer, terwyl boontjies die beste gevaar het en hulle groeikoers selfs deur die byvoeging van slik gestimuleer is.

  20. e .Kuraioriufn. DIE W ETENSKAPLIKE BETEKENIS VAN DIE W ERK ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Test

    Voorts wys hy op die talryke name wat saamgestel is met die naam van die koningsfiguur, ditsy n aardse koning of n godheid. Die a!gemeen oosterse vergoddeliking van die koning het sy invloed ook laat geld op die naamgewing in die ou Babel en Assur. Geheel die proefskrif getuig van die deeglikheid en noukeurigheid.

  1. Die stand van wiskundeonderwys in Afrikaanse skole

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerrit Stols

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Hoërordedenkvaardighede is noodsaaklike basiese vaardighede vir die een-en-twintigste eeu aangesien rekenaars berekeninge en algoritmes baie vinniger en akkurater kan doen as mense. Dit beteken dat skole leerders moet toerus om logies te dink, patrone te ontdek, bewyse te lewer, asook om nieroetineprobleme op te los. Hierdie fasette wat as hoërordedenke geklassifiseer word, is die kern van wiskundige denke en ontwikkeling. Suid-Afrika neem aan verskeie internasionaal vergelykende studies deel. Met behulp van hierdie vergelykende studies kan bepaal word hoe die Afrikaanse wiskundeleerders in Suid-Afrika se prestasie met dié van leerders in ander lande vergelyk en ook wat die tekortkominge in die wiskundeonderwys is. Volgens die 2003-TIMSS-uitslae is die probleem in Afrikaanse skole juis dié vrae wat hoërordedenke vereis. Dit beteken dat die Afrikaanse skole ’n doelbewuste poging sal moet aanwend om hoërordedenke te ontwikkel. Die 1999-TIMSS-videostudie toon dat die lande wat die beste presteer, soos Japan, tydens onderrig meer tyd wy aan die ontwikkeling van begripsvorming en aan die oplos van moeiliker probleme. Die fokus in die presterende lande is op die ontwikkeling van hoërordedenke deur probleemoplossing. Daar word dus minder tyd afgestaan aan herhaling van roetine- of soortgelyke oefeninge wat ’n rekenaar ook kan doen. Die omgekeerde hiervan is ’n tipiese verskynsel in Afrikaanse skole, waar ’n onderwyser byvoorbeeld een of meer voorbeelde op die bord doen waarna die leerders ’n hele aantal soortgelyke roetine-oefeninge doen.

  2. Effect of the impression margin thickness on the linear accuracy of impression and stone dies: an in vitro study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Naveen, Y G; Patil, Raghunath

    2013-03-01

    The space available for impression material in gingival sulcus immediately after the removal of retraction cord has been found to be 0.3-0.4 mm. However after 40 s only 0.2 mm of the retracted space is available. This is of concern when impression of multiple abutments is to be made. Hence a study was planned to determine the minimum width of the retracted sulcus necessary to obtain a good impression. Five metal dies were machined to accurately fit a stainless steel block with a square cavity in the center with spaces, 1 mm deep and of varying widths (0.11-0.3 mm) away from the block. Polyvinyl siloxane impressions were made and poured using a high strength stone. Using traveling microscope, length and widths of abutment, impression and die were measured and compared for linear accuracy and completeness of impression. Results showed 1.5-3 times greater mean distortion and larger coefficient of variance in the 0.11 mm group than in the wider sulcular groups. ANOVA test for distortion also showed statistically significant differences (P free impressions were obtained in sulcus width of 0.15 mm and wider. Hence clinicians must choose retraction methods to obtain a width greater than 0.35 mm. Further immediate loading of the impression material after cord removal may improve accuracy.

  3. Surgical nurses' attitudes towards caring for patients dying of cancer - a pilot study of an educational intervention on existential issues.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Udo, C; Melin-Johansson, C; Henoch, I; Axelsson, B; Danielson, E

    2014-07-01

    This is a randomised controlled pilot study using a mixed methods design. The overall aim was to test an educational intervention on existential issues and to describe surgical nurses' perceived attitudes towards caring for patients dying of cancer. Specific aims were to examine whether the educational intervention consisting of lectures and reflective discussions, affects nurses' perceived confidence in communication and to explore nurses' experiences and reflections on existential issues after participating in the intervention. Forty-two nurses from three surgical wards at one hospital were randomly assigned to an intervention or control group. Nurses in both groups completed a questionnaire at equivalent time intervals: at baseline before the educational intervention, directly after the intervention, and 3 and 6 months later. Eleven face-to-face interviews were conducted with nurses directly after the intervention and 6 months later. Significant short-term and long-term changes were reported. Main results concerned the significant long-term effects regarding nurses' increased confidence and decreased powerlessness in communication, and their increased feelings of value when caring for a dying patient. In addition, nurses described enhanced awareness and increased reflection. Results indicate that an understanding of the patient's situation, derived from enhanced awareness and increased reflection, precedes changes in attitudes towards communication. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  4. Materials on dies for pressure die casting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Ragan

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available In the contribution the stress of die materials of thermal fatigue is defi ned and material life is derived theoretically and compared with the measured values. The important properties of the die materials as thermal conductivity, coeffi cient of thermal expansivity, modulus of elasticity and mechanical properties are described. Binding to it single die materials as carbon steels and chrome-tungsten steels are analyzed. As the perspective die material for pressure die casting of ferrous metals appears molybdenum with regard to advantageous properties.

  5. [The paternal constellation: a pilot study in prenatal period.].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cupa, D; Riazuelo-Deschamps, H

    2001-01-01

    In a research where the authors had argued that some maternal prenatal representations concerning the infant had a decisive impact on precocious interactions (Cupa et al., 1992), they have asked in parallel, what was the weight on these very same interactions of paternal representations during pregnancy, knowing that in this specific period psychic reorganization of the father are profound (Bouchard-Godard, 1976; Cupa et al., 1997). If, in the intertwining of the two theoretical fields where the authors situate their work, being that of psychoanalysis and developmental psychology, there is a an important literature on the father, results and contribution allow to appreciate the impact of studies on the father during pregnancy and present theoretical points of reference of the authors' hypotheses. The presentation of the following study is that of a comparative longitudinal research carried out from the 7th month of pregnancy to 9 months after birth. It appeared indeed to the authors that in order to explore simultaneously the two representational universes and to observe the effects on the triadic interactions, this type of methodology was the most relevant. The results proposed in the last part, only concern the analysis of paternal representations.

  6. Die waarde van voorafopleiding deur die ouer vir pedo-oudiometrie by drie- en vierjarige kleuters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Merisa Lodewyckx

    1981-08-01

    Full Text Available Die verkryging van akkurate, betroubare inligting aangaande die gehoorvermoë van jong kinders is van besondere belang vir die oudioloog, maar word dikwels bemoeilik aangesien die kleuter nie goeie samewerking bied in die vreemde pedo-oudiometriese situasie nie. Die oplossing hiervoor is grootliks geleë in die opleiding van die kind voor formele  gehoortoetsing en meer spesifiek  opleiding tuis deur die ouer. Die doel van hierdie studie was om 'n voorbereidende program op te stel wat die ouer tuis met die kind kan uitvoer, voordat formele  toetsing plaasvind. Die waarde en effek van hierdie program in die pedo-oudiometriese situasie is geevalueer by 'n groep drie- en vierjarige kleuters. Resultate dui daarop dat laer en meer akkurate drempels, 'n korter toetstydperk, verminderde angs en beter samewerking verkry is by die kleuters wat vooraf  opleiding ontvang het. Die opleidingsprogram kan dus in die kliniese praktyk benut word as voorafopleiding  vir pedo-oudiometrie.

  7. Die waarde van voorafopleiding deur die ouer vir pedo-oudiometrie by drie- en vierjarige kleuters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Merisa Lodewyckx

    1981-11-01

    Full Text Available Die verkryging van akkurate, betroubare inligting aangaande die gehoorvermoë van jong kinders is van besondere belang vir die oudioloog, maar word dikwels bemoeilik aangesien die kleuter nie goeie samewerking bied in die vreemde pedo-oudiometriese situasie nie. Die oplossing hiervoor is grootliks geleë in die opleiding van die kind voor formele  gehoortoetsing en meer spesifiek  opleiding tuis deur die ouer. Die doel van hierdie studie was om 'n voorbereidende program op te stel wat die ouer tuis met die kind kan uitvoer, voordat formele  toetsing plaasvind. Die waarde en effek van hierdie program in die pedo-oudiometriese situasie is geevalueer by 'n groep drie- en vierjarige kleuters. Resultate dui daarop dat laer en meer akkurate drempels, 'n korter toetstydperk, verminderde angs en beter samewerking verkry is by die kleuters wat vooraf  opleiding ontvang het. Die opleidingsprogram kan dus in die kliniese praktyk benut word as voorafopleiding  vir pedo-oudiometrie.

  8. Die Ulmer Studie und die Konsequenzen für die Beratungspraxis des Studiendekanats der Medizinischen Fakultät Heidelberg [The Ulm Study and the implications for the advisory services of the Dean of Studies at the Medical Faculty of Heidelberg

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nützenadel, Susanne

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available [english] Increasing the flexibility of medical degree courses as well as individual advice and curriculum planning are essential needs of pregnant students and student parents. The results of the Ulm Study gave the academic advisers in the Dean of Studies’ office in Heidelberg a large number of suggestions on how to offer sensitive, competent and needs-based advice to this target group. Comprehensive reflection on many years of experience in giving advice and recent survey results leads to a series of concrete measures which will contribute to more family-friendliness in Heidelberg’s medical school.[german] Eine Flexibilisierung des Studiums sowie eine individuelle Beratung und Curriculumsplanung sind grundlegende Bedürfnisse von schwangeren Studierenden und studentischen Eltern. Die Ergebnisse der Ulmer Studie haben den Fachstudienberatern im Studiendekanat Heidelberg vielfache Anregungen zu einer einfühlsamen, kompetenten und bedürfnisorientierten Beratung dieser Zielgruppe gegeben. Eine umfassende Reflexion über langjährige Erfahrungen aus der Beratungspraxis und über aktuelle Umfrageergebnisse führt zu einer Reihe von konkreten Maßnahmen, die künftig zu einer erhöhten Familienfreundlichkeit im Medizinstudium in Heidelberg beitragen.

  9. A Review of OIE Country Status Recovery Using Vaccinate-to-Live Versus Vaccinate-to-Die Foot-and-Mouth Disease Response Policies II: Waiting Periods After Emergency Vaccination in FMD Free Countries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geale, D W; Barnett, P V; Clarke, G W; Davis, J; Kasari, T R

    2015-08-01

    For countries with OIE status, FMD free country where vaccination is not practised, vaccinate-to-live policies have a significant economic disincentive as the trade restriction waiting period is double that of vaccinate-to-die policies. The disposal of healthy vaccinated animals strictly for the purpose of regaining markets with debatable scientific justification is a global concern. The feasibility of aligning the waiting periods to facilitate vaccinate-to-live is explored. The first article of this two-part review (Barnett et al., 2015) explored the qualities of higher potency Foot-and-Mouth Disease (FMD) vaccines, performance of differentiating infected from vaccinated animals (DIVA) diagnostic assays particularly in vaccinates and carriers, as well as aspects of current limitations of post-outbreak surveillance. Here, the history behind the OIE waiting periods for FMD free status is reviewed as well as whether the risk of vaccinated animals and their subsequent products differ appreciably at 3 versus 6 months. It is concluded that alignment is feasible for vaccinate-to-live using higher potency FMD vaccines within the current OIE waiting period framework of 3 and 6 months blocks of time. These waiting periods reflect precedence, historical practicalities and considered expert opinion rather than a specific scientific rationale. The future lies in updated epidemiological and diagnostic technology to establish an acceptable level of statistical certainty for surveillance or target probability of freedom of FMDV (infection or circulation) not time restricted waiting periods. The OIE Terrestrial Code limits trade from a FMD free country where vaccination is not practiced to animal products and live non-vaccinated animals. The risk of FMDV in products derived from higher potency vaccinated animals is appreciably less than for countries with infected FMD status or even from a FMD free country where vaccination is practised for which the Code has Articles with

  10. Godsdiens en die pasiënt - hoe sien die algemene praktisyn dit? 'n ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Die meeste praktisyns in hierdie studie lewer waardevolle insette in die geestelike sake van hul pasiente. Hoewel feitlik almal reeds pasiënt na geestelike leiers verwys het, doen 17% van praktisyns nooit navraag in verband met geestelike sake nie. Die meerderheid beskik ook net soms oor genoeg kennis en insig vir die ...

  11. Leierskapstyl en die lerende organisasie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    W. G. Victor

    2002-09-01

    Full Text Available Leadership style and the learning organisation. In the present highly competitive environment, it has become increasingly important for organisational leaders to establish a learning organisation. In this study the focus was on the extent of influence that the evolution of organisations, as determined by their relative level of leadership practises (leadership style, has on the establishment of a learning organisation. Opsomming Die daarstel van ’n lerende organisasie deur bedryfsleiers word toenemend belangrik in die hedendaagse hoogskompeterende omgewing. In hierdie studie is gefokus op die mate van beinvloeding wat die evolusie van organisasies, soos deur hul relatiewe vlak van demokratiese leierskapspraktyke (leierskapstyl bepaal, op die daarstelling van’n lerende organisasie het.

  12. A study of periodic and aperiodic ferromagnetic antidot lattices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhat, Vinayak S.

    This thesis reports our study of the effect of domain wall pinning by ferromagnetic (FM) metamaterials [1] in the form of periodic antidot lattices (ADL) on spin wave spectra in the reversible regime. This study was then extended to artificial quasicrystals in the form of Penrose P2 tilings (P2T). Our DC magnetization study of these metamaterials showed reproducible and temperature dependent knee anomalies in the hysteretic regime that are due to the isolated switching of the FM segments. Our dumbbell model analysis [2] of simulated magnetization maps indicates that FM switching in P2T is nonstochastic . We have also acquired the first direct, two-dimensional images of the magnetization of Permalloy films patterned into P2T using scanning electron microscopy with polarization analysis (SEMPA). Our SEMPA images demonstrate P2T behave as geometrically frustrated networks of narrow ferromagnetic film segments having near-uniform, bipolar (Ising-like) magnetization, similar to artificial spin ices (ASI). We find the unique aperiodic translational symmetry and diverse vertex coordination of multiply-connected P2T induce a more complex spin-ice behavior driven by exchange interactions in vertex domain walls, which differs markedly from the behavior of disconnected ASI governed only by dipolar interactions. Keywords: Ferromagnetic Antidot Lattices, Metamaterials, Ferromagnetic Resonance, Artificial Quasicrystal, Artificial Spin Ice. [1] VV Kruglyak et al. "Magnonic metamaterials". In: Metamaterial, edited by X.-Y. Jiang (InTech, 2012) (2012). [2] Claudio Castelnovo, Roderich Moessner, and Shivaji L Sondhi. "Magnetic monopoles in spin ice". In: Nature 451.7174 (2008), pp. 42--45.

  13. A Study of the First Year of the End-of-Life Clinic for Physician-Assisted Dying in the Netherlands.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snijdewind, Marianne C; Willems, Dick L; Deliens, Luc; Onwuteaka-Philipsen, Bregje D; Chambaere, Kenneth

    2015-10-01

    Right to Die NL, an organization in the Netherlands that advocates for the option of euthanasia, founded the End-of-Life Clinic in 2012 to provide euthanasia or physician-assisted suicide for patients who meet all legal requirements but whose regular physicians rejected their request. Many patients whose requests are rejected have less common situations, such as a psychiatric or psychological condition, dementia, or being tired of living. To study outcomes of requests for euthanasia or physician-assisted suicide received by the clinic and factors associated with granting or rejecting requests. Analysis of application forms and registration files from March 1, 2012, to March 1, 2013, the clinic's first year of operation, for 645 patients who applied to the clinic with a request for euthanasia or physician-assisted suicide and whose cases were concluded during the study period. A request could be granted, rejected, or withdrawn or the patient could have died before a final decision was reached. We analyzed bivariate and multivariate associations with medical conditions, type of suffering, and sociodemographic variables. Of the 645 requests made by patients, 162 requests (25.1%) were granted, 300 requests (46.5%) were refused, 124 patients (19.2%) died before the request could be assessed, and 59 patients (9.1%) withdrew their requests. Patients with a somatic condition (113 of 344 [32.8%]) or with cognitive decline (21 of 56 [37.5%]) had the highest percentage of granted requests. Patients with a psychological condition had the smallest percentage of granted requests. Six (5.0%) of 121 requests from patients with a psychological condition were granted, as were 11 (27.5%) of 40 requests from patients who were tired of living. Physicians in the Netherlands have more reservations about less common reasons that patients request euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide, such as psychological conditions and being tired of living, than the medical staff working for the End

  14. Which hospice patients with cancer are able to die in the setting of their choice? Results of a retrospective cohort study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeurkar, Neha; Farrington, Sue; Craig, Teresa R; Slattery, Julie; Harrold, Joan K; Oldanie, Betty; Teno, Joan M; Casarett, David J

    2012-08-01

    To determine which hospice patients with cancer prefer to die at home and to define factors associated with an increased likelihood of dying at home. An electronic health record-based retrospective cohort study was conducted in three hospice programs in Florida, Pennsylvania, and Wisconsin. Main measures included preferred versus actual site of death. Of 7,391 patients, preferences regarding place of death were determined at admission for 5,837 (79%). After adjusting for other characteristics, patients who preferred to die at home were more likely to die at home (adjusted proportions, 56.5% v 37.0%; odds ratio [OR], 2.21; 95% CI, 1.77 to 2.76). Among those patients (n = 3,152) who preferred to die at home, in a multivariable logistic regression model, patients were more likely to die at home if they had at least one visit per day in the first 4 days of hospice care (adjusted proportions, 61% v 54%; OR, 1.23; 95% CI, 1.07 to 1.41), if they were married (63% v 54%; OR, 1.35; 95% CI, 1.10 to 1.44), and if they had an advance directive (65% v 50%; OR, 2.11; 95% CI, 1.54 to 2.65). Patients with moderate or severe pain were less likely to die at home (OR, 0.56; 95% CI, 0.45 to 0.64), as were patients with better functional status (higher Palliative Performance Scale score: 70, 40.5%; OR, 0.53; 95% CI, 0.35 to 0.82). Increased hospice visit frequency may increase the likelihood of patients being able to die in the setting of their choice.

  15. Die spacer thickness reproduction for central incisor crown fabrication with combined computer-aided design and 3D printing technology: an in vitro study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoang, Lisa N; Thompson, Geoffrey A; Cho, Seok-Hwan; Berzins, David W; Ahn, Kwang Woo

    2015-05-01

    The inability to control die spacer thickness has been reported. However, little information is available on the congruency between the computer-aided design parameters for die spacer thickness and the actual printout. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy and precision of the die spacer thickness achieved by combining computer-aided design and 3-dimensional printing technology. An ivorine maxillary central incisor was prepared for a ceramic crown. The prepared tooth was duplicated by using polyvinyl siloxane duplicating silicone, and 80 die-stone models were produced from Type IV dental stone. The dies were randomly divided into 5 groups with assigned die spacer thicknesses of 25 μm, 45 μm, 65 μm, 85 μm, and 105 μm (n=16). The printed resin copings, obtained from a printer (ProJet DP 3000; 3D Systems), were cemented onto their respective die-stone models with self-adhesive resin cement and stored at room temperature until sectioning into halves in a buccolingual direction. The internal gap was measured at 5 defined locations per side of the sectioned die. Images of the printed resin coping/die-stone model internal gap dimensions were obtained with an inverted bright field metallurgical microscope at ×100 magnification. The acquired digital image was calibrated, and measurements were made using image analysis software. Mixed models (α=.05) were used to evaluate accuracy. A false discovery rate at 5% was used to adjust for multiple testing. Coefficient of variation was used to determine the precision for each group and was evaluated statistically with the Wald test (α=.05). The accuracy, expressed in terms of the mean differences between the prescribed die spacer thickness and the measured internal gap (standard deviation), was 50 μm (11) for the 25 μm group simulated die spacer thickness, 30 μm (10) for the 45 μm group, 15 μm (14) for the 65 μm group, 3 μm (23) for the 85 μm group, and -10 μm (32) for the 105 μm group. The

  16. Die interpersonale Beziehung im Mentoring-Prozess: Eine qualitative Studie zur Aufklärung des Zusammenspiels von Beziehungsqualität und der Gestaltung des Lern- und Austauschprozesses

    OpenAIRE

    Lödermann, Anne-Marie

    2009-01-01

    Die Mentoring-Beziehung wird in dieser Arbeit als uniplexe, soziale Austauschbeziehung definiert, die strukturell einer pädagogischen Beziehung gleicht, wobei der Aspekt der Gleichberechtigung noch stärker betont wird. Unter bestimmten Bedingungen kann sich aus dieser funktionalen Partnerschaft eine persönliche Beziehung oder auch eine Freundschaft entwickeln. Die qualitative Studie gibt Aufschluss über Gestaltungselemente von Mentoring-Beziehungen und Bedingungsfaktoren für die Beziehungsqua...

  17. ’n Vergelykende studie na die vlak en oorsake van werkstres by ’n groep geletterde en ongeletterde swartwerknemers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Coen Bester

    2001-03-01

    Full Text Available Acomparable study intoworkstress amongst a group of literate and illiterate black employees. Despite the fact that the South African black employee experience a broad spectrum of stressors, there is limited research which describes their actual levels and typical causes of stress. It was decided then to identify and to compare South African literate and illiterate black employees’ level and causes of stress. This information could help psychologists/employers to maintain a distinctive approach in communicating and handling problems with the distinguish groups. In order to identify black employees’ level and causes of stress the Experience of Work and Life Circumstances questionnaire was applied on an occasional sample of 60 persons. Opsomming Nieteenstaande die feit dat die Suid- Afrikaanse swart werknemer aan ’n bree spektrum van stressors blootgestel word, bestaan daar relatief min navorsing wat hul werklike vlak en tipiese oorsake van stres uitwys. Derhalwe is besluit om geletterde en ongeletterde swart werknemers se vlakke en oorsake van stres te identifiseer en te vergelyk. Met die inligting sal dit veral sielkundiges enwerkgewers in staat stel om’n effektiewe benadering ten opsigte van die kommunikasie en hantering van problememet die onderskeie groepe te kan handhaaf. Die Ervaring van werk -en lewensomstandighede vraelys is op ’n geleentheidsteekproef van 60 persone.

  18. Study for reducing radioactive solid waste at ITER decommissioning period

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sato, Shinichi; Araki, Masanori; Ohmori, Junji; Ohno, Isamu; Sato, Satoshi; Yamauchi, Michinori; Nishitani, Takeo [Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Naka, Ibaraki (Japan). Naka Fusion Research Establishment

    2002-11-01

    It is one of the foremost goals for ITER to demonstrate the attractiveness with regard to safety and environmental potential. This implies that the radioactive materials and waste at decommissioning phase should carefully be treated with prescribed regulations. As possible activities during the Coordinated Technical Activity (CTA), the authors have performed a feasibility study for searching the possibility of effective reduction in the activated level as reasonably achievable as possible by taking account of minimum material changes while keeping original design concept and structure. Major induced activation in ITER comes from activated nickel and cobalt so that it is effective for the major structural components to minimize their material contents. Employing less Ni and Co steel in place of high-Ni austenitic stainless steel for blanket shield block, vacuum vessel shield material and TF coil casing has been considered as one of the effective plans to reduce the activated materials at the decommissioning phase. In this study, two less-Ni austenitic stainless steels are evaluated; one is high-Mn austenitic stainless steel JK2 which is developing for jacket material of ITER CS coil and the other is SS204L/ASTM-XM-11 which is also high-Mn steel specified in the popular standards such as American Society of Testing and Material (ASTM). Based on the material changes, activation analyses have been performed to investigate the possibility of reducing radioactive wastes. As a most impressive result, at 40 years after the termination some of main components such as a TF coil casing will reach to the clearance level which is specified by IAEA, and most components will be categorized into extremely low level waste except for limited components. These results will give the appropriate short decommissioning period that is assumed to start at 100 years after the termination in the original design. (author)

  19. Die verskaffing van elektrisiteit deur Eskom: Die impak van beurtkrag en hoër pryse op die Suid-Afrikaanse ekonomie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ben J. Volkwyn

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Hierdie studie ondersoek alternatiewe wyses waarop elektrisiteit in Suid-Afrika deur die energieverskaffer, Eskom, bestuur kan word. In besonder is die keuse tussen tariefverhogings en beurtkrag ondersoek. Beide keuses sal die land benadeel, en dit is dus noodsaaklik dat ’n optimale bestuurskeuse gemaak word. Die empiriese ondersoek maak van ekonomies algemene ewewigsmodellering gebruik. Voorspellings word ondersoek om te bepaal wat die invloed sal wees van verhogings in die prys van elektrisiteit sowel as ’n daling in die verskaffing daarvan op die ekonomie as geheel, op die onderskeie nywerheidsektore en die effek op huishoudings se verbruik. Elektrisiteitsverskaffing in Suid-Afrika behoort na raming met ten minste 10% per jaar te verhoog om aan die vraag te voldoen, maar die verhoging in prys wat die energiereguleerder toelaat, sal slegs tot ’n verhoging van 3.3% in die verskaffing van elektrisiteit lei. Indien ’n daling van 10% in die verskaffing van elektrisiteit, byvoorbeeld deur beurtkrag, bewerkstellig moet word, gaan die negatiewe gevolge selfs meer vernietigend op die land se ekonomie wees, veral in sektore soos vervaardiging en mynbou, wat elektrisiteit meer intensief gebruik. ’n Vergelyking van die twee voorspellings dui daarop dat die negatiewe impak van hoër elektrisiteitspryse kleiner sal wees as dié van kragonderbrekings op die Suid-Afrikaanse ekonomie.

  20. Artikel 2 van die Nederlandse Geloofsbelydenis as geloofsvooronderstelling in die gesprek tussen wetenskap en geloof

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jan A. Erasmus

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Artikel 2 van die Nederlandse Geloofsbelydenis bely dat God deur twee middele geken word, te wete deur middel van die skepping, onderhouding en regering van die wêreld (waaronder die wetenskap en deur die heilige en goddelike Woord (die Bybel. Hierdie belydenis is van groot belang vir die gesprek tussen Wetenskap en Teologie. In hierdie artikel word gepoog om die verskille, maar ook die ooreenkomste tussen hierdie twee middele van openbaring uit te lig, elkeen tot sy reg te laat kom, maar hulle ook in balans met mekaar te stel. Die wyse waarop te werk gegaan word, is die volgende: eers word gestel wat vooronderstellings is, asook die plek wat vooronderstellings in die beoefening van wetenskap sowel as geloof inneem. Daarna word nagevors watter perspektiewe artikel 2 van die Nederlandse Geloofsbelydenis as geloofsvooronderstelling vir die wetenskaps- en teologiebeoefening respektiewelik bied. Hieruit word ’n aantal gevolgtrekkings gemaak wat kan help om die problematiek in die wetenskap-geloofsgesprek op te los. Die kernbevinding van hierdie artikel is die volgende: Vanweë die verskil in die aard en die doel tussen Bybelfeite en wetenskaplike navorsingsresultate kan en sal klaarblyklike harmonieprobleme tussen die Skrif en die wetenskap ontstaan. Hierdie is egter slegs klaarblyklike probleme, omdat ’n verrekening van die verskil in die aard en die bedoeling van die wetenskapresultate en die Bybelfeite hierdie probleem sal oplos. Article 2 of the Belgic Confession as faith presupposition in the science-faith debate. Article 2 of the Belgic Confession confesses that God can be known by two means: firstly by studying the creation, preservation and government of the universe (i.e. science and secondly by studying the Word of God (the Bible. This confession is very important for the discussion between science and faith. In this article the similarities, but also the differences between these two means of revelation are researched. The aim is to

  1. Artikel 2 van die Nederlandse Geloofsbelydenis as geloofsvooronderstelling in die gesprek tussen wetenskap en geloof

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jan A. Erasmus

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Artikel 2 van die Nederlandse Geloofsbelydenis bely dat God deur twee middele geken word, te wete deur middel van die skepping, onderhouding en regering van die wêreld (waaronder die wetenskap en deur die heilige en goddelike Woord (die Bybel. Hierdie belydenis is van groot belang vir die gesprek tussen Wetenskap en Teologie. In hierdie artikel word gepoog om die verskille, maar ook die ooreenkomste tussen hierdie twee middele van openbaring uit te lig, elkeen tot sy reg te laat kom, maar hulle ook in balans met mekaar te stel. Die wyse waarop te werk gegaan word, is die volgende: eers word gestel wat vooronderstellings is, asook die plek wat vooronderstellings in die beoefening van wetenskap sowel as geloof inneem. Daarna word nagevors watter perspektiewe artikel 2 van die Nederlandse Geloofsbelydenis as geloofsvooronderstelling vir die wetenskaps- en teologiebeoefening respektiewelik bied. Hieruit word ’n aantal gevolgtrekkings gemaak wat kan help om die problematiek in die wetenskap-geloofsgesprek op te los. Die kernbevinding van hierdie artikel is die volgende: Vanweë die verskil in die aard en die doel tussen Bybelfeite en wetenskaplike navorsingsresultate kan en sal klaarblyklike harmonieprobleme tussen die Skrif en die wetenskap ontstaan. Hierdie is egter slegs klaarblyklike probleme, omdat ’n verrekening van die verskil in die aard en die bedoeling van die wetenskapresultate en die Bybelfeite hierdie probleem sal oplos.Article 2 of the Belgic Confession as faith presupposition in the science-faith debate. Article 2 of the Belgic Confession confesses that God can be known by two means: firstly by studying the creation, preservation and government of the universe (i.e. science and secondly by studying the Word of God (the Bible. This confession is very important for the discussion between science and faith. In this article the similarities, but also the differences between these two means of revelation are researched. The aim is to

  2. Dying Is Unexpectedly Positive.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goranson, Amelia; Ritter, Ryan S; Waytz, Adam; Norton, Michael I; Gray, Kurt

    2017-07-01

    In people's imagination, dying seems dreadful; however, these perceptions may not reflect reality. In two studies, we compared the affective experience of people facing imminent death with that of people imagining imminent death. Study 1 revealed that blog posts of near-death patients with cancer and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis were more positive and less negative than the simulated blog posts of nonpatients-and also that the patients' blog posts became more positive as death neared. Study 2 revealed that the last words of death-row inmates were more positive and less negative than the simulated last words of noninmates-and also that these last words were less negative than poetry written by death-row inmates. Together, these results suggest that the experience of dying-even because of terminal illness or execution-may be more pleasant than one imagines.

  3. Die vrede van Münster / Westfale en die betekenis daarvan vir die ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In die Suid-Afrikaanse kerkgeskiedenis egter is die Vrede van Münster as epogmakende gebeure tot dusver nie net in die algemeen verwaarloos nie, maar boonop is die direkte verband tussen hierdie sentrale historiese baken aan die een kant en aan die ander kant die vestiging van die VOC se verversingspos aan die ...

  4. DIE KERKLIKE TUG * Die tug en die handhawing daarvan is n saak ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Test

    Die tug en die handhawing daarvan is n saak van wesenlike belang vir die Kerk van die Here nie alleen nie, maar ook vir elke volk. Dit bepaal tot op sekere hoogte die geestelike peil van die Kerk en die sedelike peil van n volk. Van so groot belang word die tug beskou, dat die Nederlandse. Geloofsbelydenis in Art. 29 as ...

  5. Die Nuwe Testament en mitologie: Die probleem van die ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    29 Mei 2015 ... as verwysingsraamwerk verkondig kan word. Indien wel, moet teologie die Christusverkondiging ontmitologiseer. (Bultmann [1941] 1967:16). Wat mites tot uitdrukking bring. Mites verklaar die kragte wat op mense inwerk en hulle lewens begrens, as bonatuurlik. 'n Mitiese kosmologie of wêreldbeskouing.

  6. Die belangrikste kenmerk van die diereproduksie- bedrywe oor die ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    merking deurdat die benodigdhede aangegee word vir lam- mers van varierende massa wat teen verskillende tempos groei. Omdat daar egter 'n nouer interverwantskap tussen proteien· en energiebenodigdhede bestaan beveel Crampton. (1964) aan dat die proteien benodigdhede uitgedruk word in terme van VRP/mkal ...

  7. Recognising patients who will die in the near future: a nationwide study via the Dutch Sentinel Network of GPs

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Abarshi-Fatiregun, E.A.B.; Echteld, M.A.; van den Block, L.; Donker, G.A.; Deliens, L.; Onwuteaka-Philipsen, B.D.

    2011-01-01

    Background: Recognising patients who will die in the near future is important for adequate planning and provision of end-of-life care. GPs can play a key role in this. Aim: To explore the following questions: How long before death do GPs recognise patients likely to die in the near future? Which

  8. Die Diepte-ondersoek

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    21 Aug 1971 ... Daarbenewens is die algemene lewensduurte ook verantwoordelik vir 'n stygende kostepatroon in die geneeskunde. 'n. Dekade of twee, drie gelede kon ons nog redelik verwag dat iedere pasient sy eie potjie moes krap, met die uitsondering van die werklik armes wat vry mediese dienste moes ontvang.

  9. Kinders in die erediens

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Roux neem in hierdie verband sterk standpunt in teen Jean Piaget en Ronald Goldman se teorieë oor kinderontwikkeling. Piaget oordeel dat kenmer- kende aspekte wat die kind se denke op 'n bepaalde stadium vertoon, die norm moet wees vir die bantering van die kind. Hy kategoriseer kinders volgens hulle intellektuele ...

  10. Die Hermeneutiek van Calvyn

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. Floor

    1980-06-01

    Full Text Available Wanneer ons Calvyn bestudeer dan is dit nie alleen belangrik om te luister na wat Calvyn sê nie, ons moet ook daarop let hoe hy die dinge sê. By die vak hermeneutiek is ons geneig om te spreek van ’n hermeneutiese metode. Daar word selfs gepraat van die tegniek van die eksegese.

  11. STUDY OF NUMERICAL MODELING OF SHAPE DEFORMING ZONE OF DIES, DURING DRAWING HIGH CARBON STEEL WIRE TO THE TEMPERATURE AND THE STRESS-STRAIN STATE IN THE WIRE AND DIE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. L. Bobarikin

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Investigation by numerical modeling of influence of the form of deforming zone of die at drawing of steel high- carbon wire on temperature and strained-deformed state in wire and die is carried out.

  12. DIE KONINGSBEDE AS ELEMENT IN DIE KRONINGSRITUEEL. By ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Test

    die besonder dink ons hier aan die bekende beskrywing van Salomo se bede. Nadat die offer gebring is, lê die koning homself te slape in die heiligdom, vgl. Gen. 28:11, kennelik met die bedoeling om n droomorakel te ontvang. Dit gebeur dan ook, altans volgens die teks in Kon.; volgens die Kronis gebeur meer: God self ...

  13. Demistifikasie van die metafoor “die kerk as bruid”

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    p1243322

    5 Sep 2007 ... Stadelmann (1993:231) is hierdie onderdanigheid van die vrou aan haar man gegrond in die gedagte dat die man van God self die opdrag en verant- woordelikheid ontvang het om die hoof van die huwelik en die gesin te wees. Dit hou in dat die man deur God tot verantwoording geroep word oor wat in en.

  14. het die reformasie die leer gered en aanbidding verloor?

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Die reforma- tore het die voortgaande offer verwerp. Vir Rome aktualiseer die liturgie egter ook die nuwe verbond tussen God en mens (wat die reformatore aan- vaar het). Die liturgie is in die eerste plek werk van God aan ons mense voordat mense liturgies kan antwoord (Brienen 1978:17 e.v.). Die liturgie van Rome slaag ...

  15. Study of the triplet periodicity phase shifts in genes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Korotkov, Eugene V; Korotkova, Maria A

    2010-03-25

    The definition of a phase shift of triplet periodicity (TP) is introduced. The mathematical algorithm for detection of TP phase shift of nucleotide sequences has been developed. Gene sequences from Kegg-46 data bank were analyzed with a purpose of searching genes with a phase shift of TP. The presence of a phase shift of triplet periodicity has been shown for 318329 genes (approximately 10% from the number of genes in Kegg-46). We suppose that shifts of the TP phase may indicate the shifts of reading frame (RF) in genes. A relationship between the phase shifts of TP and the frame shifts in genes is discussed.

  16. Die sosioniologifpolemiek

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. A.J. Ryke

    1987-03-01

    Full Text Available Socloblology is defined as the systematic study of the biological basis of all social behaviour. E.O. Wilson's major work, Sociotiiolugy: The new synthesis (1975 attracted hostile attention as well as high praise. For some the word socloblology imply the study of social behaviour In animals, for others. It Is an ideological construction calculated to justify racial inequality and the oppresion of women. Much of the confusion has come from a simple misunderstanding of the content of this new discipline.

  17. Why and how do elderly patients with heart failure die? Insights from the TIME-CHF study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rickenbacher, Peter; Pfisterer, Matthias; Burkard, Thilo; Kiowski, Wolfgang; Follath, Ferenc; Burckhardt, Dieter; Schindler, Ruth; Brunner-La Rocca, Hans-Peter

    2012-11-01

    Specific causes and modes of death (COD and MOD) of patients with heart failure (HF) are not well described, particularly in those with preserved ejection fraction >45% (HFPEF) and at old age. Thus, using the database of the TIME-CHF study, patients with HFPEF were compared with those with reduced ejection fraction ≤45% (HFREF), and patients ≥75 with those 60-74 years of age to identify MOD and COD, predictors of death, and event rates before death as compared with survivors. During the 18-month follow-up, 132/622 patients (21%) died, with similar rates in patients with HFPEF and HFREF and a trend to higher rates in patients aged ≥75 years (24% vs. 17%, P = 0.06). COD and MOD (ACME system) were not different in the age groups. COD was more often non-cardiovascular in HFPEF patients than in HFREF patients (33% vs. 16%, P < 0.05) and cardiac MOD were more frequent in HFREF patients (75% vs. 56%, P < 0.05), mainly due to more sudden deaths (25% vs. 7%, P < 0.05). Patients who died experienced a median of four adverse events (interquartile range 1-7) and one (0-1) hospitalization within 60 days prior to death compared with 0.7 (0.4-1.4) and 0.1 (0.0-0.2) during a randomly selected 60 days in survivors (all P < 0.0001). Despite similar 18-month mortality in patients with HFREF and those with HFPEF, important differences in COD and MOD were found which were not observed between the two age groups. A high rate of adverse events and hospitalizations preceded death. These observations may be relevant for the management of HF patients.

  18. Study program to develop and evaluate die and cntainer materials for the growth of silicon ribbons. Quarterly report No. 3

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Grayson, P.E.; Addington L.A.

    1978-07-01

    Die and container material development efforts under the current program are shared among three organizations. Miami Research Laboratories (MRL)--ceramic process development and overall program management, University of Missouri--Rolla (UMR)--silicon sessile drop studies with characterization of reaction products and emphasis on atmospheric effects, Chemetal Corporation, Pacoima, California--special coatings to be applied to test coupons, die shapes and containers provided by MRL and tested/characterized by UMR. Initial sessile drop experiments on SiC, Si/sub 3/N/sub 4/ and AlN have been conducted. Very promising results have been achieved on both SiC and Si/sub 3/N/sub 4/ where minimal penetration of these (Controlled Nucleation by Thermochemical Decomposition) CNTD coatings by molten silicon was observed. Efforts continued in the following areas. At MRL, a set of AlN and another set of Si/sub 3/N/sub 4/ substrates have been hot pressed. Hot pressing experiments have begun on crucible shapes. Characterization efforts have also begun on coatings and substrates. Chemetal delivered AlN coated substrates and began development efforts to produce Si-O-N coatings as predecessor to Si-O-Al-N coatings. UMR has succeeded in measuring the lowest oxygen partial pressures measured, to the knowledge of the investigators, with a solid electrolyte cell on a dynamic flowing gas buffer system. This was achieved with a yttria doped thoria oxygen sensor cell. Even lower pressures beyond this measurement capability have been achieved.

  19. Page 1 Studies of Gloeosporium psidii Causing Die-back of Guavas ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Studies in the pathogenicity of tropical fungi," Ann. Bot. n.s., 1937, 1, No. 1, 59-66. “Studies in the physiology of parasitism,” Ann. Bot., 1916,. 30, 389-98. “Studies in the physiology of appressorium of C. glaos- poriodes," Ibid., 1933, 47, 305-12.

  20. Die effek van intelligensie op die verhouding tussen lokus van kontrole en taakkompleksiteit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. G. de Kock

    1995-06-01

    Full Text Available The effect of intelligence on the relationship between locus of control and task complexity. The aim of the study was to establish the effects of intelligence on the relationship between locus of control and task complexity. These constructs were selected by virtue of their importance in the literature, as well as the lack of empirical research regarding the assumed relationship which exists between them. The Human Sciences Research Council's (HSRC General Scholastic Aptitude Test (ASAT was used for measuring intelligence, Duttweiler's Internal Control Index (ICI was used for determining locus of control and the Raven's Advanced Progressive Matrices (APM was used as a criterion for coping with task complexity. These instruments were administered to 292 subjects to determine whether the relationship between locus of control and task complexity was effected when the effect of intelligence was controlled. The results indicated a significant relationship between locus of control and task complexity, however the relationship was no longer significant after the effect of intelligence was controlled. Opsomming Die doel van die studie was om die effek van intelligensie op die verhouding tussen lokus van kontrole en taak-kompleksiteit te ondersoek. Hierdie konstrukte is gekies na aanleiding van hulle belangrikheid in die literatuur asook die leemte in empiric se navorsing rakende die veronderstelde verband wat tussen hulle bestaan. Die Algemene Skolastiese Aanlegtoets (ASAT van die Raad vir Geesteswetenskaplike Navorsing (RGN is gebruik vir die meting van intelligensie, die Internal Control Index (ICI van Duttweiler is gebruik vir die meting van lokus van kontrole en die Advanced Progressive Matrices (APM van Raven is gebruik as maatstaf vir die bantering van taakkompleksiteit. Die genoemde meetinstrumente is op 292 proefpersone toegepas om te bepaal of die verband tussen lokus van kontrole en taakkompleksiteit geaffekteer word wanneer daar vir die effek

  1. Film Presentation: Die Urknallmaschine

    CERN Multimedia

    Carolyn Lee

    2010-01-01

    Die Urknallmaschine, an Austrian film by Gerd Baldauf, narrated by Norbert Frischauf (Alpha Österreich - ORF, 2009).  In CERN’s gigantic complex particles are accelerated to almost the speed of light, brought to collision and made to divide into even smaller particles. Public opinion of CERN’s research is also divided. Sceptics fear that black holes may be created. Might the goal to study the origin of the world lead to its destruction? The Austrian researcher Norbert Frischauf worked at CERN for many years. With his guidance it is possible to explore the world’s largest research centre, get a glimpse of the fascinating work the scientists do there and take a crash course in particle physics. Die Urknallmaschine will be presented on Friday, 25 June from 13:00 to 14:00 in the Main Auditorium. Language: German

  2. Physicians' willingness to grant requests for assistance in dying for children: a study of hypothetical cases

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vrakking, A.M.; van der Heide, A.; Looman, C.W.; van Delden, J.J.M.; Philipsen, B.D.; van der Maas, P.J.; van der Wal, G.

    2005-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To study the willingness of Dutch physicians to use potentially life-shortening or lethal drugs for severely ill children. STUDY DESIGN: We asked 63 pediatricians about their approach to 10 hypothetical cases of children with cancer. The age of the child (15, 11, or 6 years), the child's

  3. Die intra- en interpersoonlike ontwikkeling en opleiding van die Christelike dienswerker : 'n prakties-teologiese studie / Alida Jemima (Mimie) van der Merwe

    OpenAIRE

    Van der Merwe, Alida Jemima

    2005-01-01

    The aim of this study is to indicate the necessity for training Christian workers and to formulate suitable criteria for undergraduate study. The central theoretical argument is that criteria regarding the effective training of Christian workers are lacking and should therefore be formulated. An increasing demand for healthy reformed-theological and ministry oriented undergraduate training of Christian workers, calls for an interesting and new challenge for the departments of Prac...

  4. Treating palliative care patients with pain with the body tambura: A prospective case study at St. Joseph′s hospice for dying destitute in Dindigul South India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cordula Dietrich

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The Body Tambura is a recently invented stringed instrument that is used for receptive music therapy designed to be placed and attached on the human body. The aim of this study was to record perceived effects of a treatment with the Body Tambura on palliative care patients with special reference to pain. Materials and Methods: A prospective case study was carried out with patients of St. Joseph′s Hospice for Dying Destitute in Dindigul/South India. Patients were treated with a treatment after baseline assessment and also on the next day. Outcomes were measured quantitatively by using a numeric rating scale (0-10, 10 maximum intensity of pain felt at baseline, directly after treatment, and the day after the treatment to determine the intensity of the pain. Results: Ten patients (five women and five men participated in the study. The majority described the therapy as a pleasant experience. The pain intensity at baseline was reduced from 8.3 ± standard deviation (SD 1.16 to 4.6 ± 1.52 at day 1 and from 4.6 ± 2.07 to 2.4 ± 1.58 at day 2. Conclusion: A clinically relevant pain reduction was described as short time outcome; the therapy was received and perceived well. Forthcoming research should include a control group, randomization, a larger number of participants, and a longer period of treatment.

  5. Editorial/Van die Redaksie

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    deelnemende demokrasie', is dit belangrik om die oe oop te hou vir die wyse waarop dit die tradisionele patemalisme van geneeskundige praktyk" raak, veral as die behoeftes onderling grootliks verskil, en die prioriteite streeksverskille ...

  6. Die Ehe spaziert nicht auf der Strasse

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sigrid Nieberle

    2005-07-01

    Full Text Available Caroline Arni rekonstruiert die Ehe und die Erfahrungen in der Ehe von ihrem Ende her, indem sie Scheidungsakten aus Bern um 1900 untersucht und auswertet. Aus diesen Analysen des „offenkundigen Unglücks“ wird hervorragend nachvollziehbar, wie eine soziokulturelle Institution in die Krise geriet, die im Laufe des 20. Jahrhunderts von Lebensformen wie Lebenspartnerschaften und patchwork families Konkurrenz bekam. Arni gelingt es, aus staubigen Aktenbergen eine kurzweilige und überaus forschungsinnovative Studie zu gewinnen.

  7. Morbidity and mortality in the antiphospholipid syndrome during a 10-year period: a multicentre prospective study of 1000 patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cervera, R; Serrano, R; Pons-Estel, G J; Ceberio-Hualde, L; Shoenfeld, Y; de Ramón, E; Buonaiuto, V; Jacobsen, S; Zeher, M M; Tarr, T; Tincani, A; Taglietti, M; Theodossiades, G; Nomikou, E; Galeazzi, M; Bellisai, F; Meroni, P L; Derksen, R H W M; de Groot, P G D; Baleva, M; Mosca, M; Bombardieri, S; Houssiau, F; Gris, J-C; Quéré, I; Hachulla, E; Vasconcelos, C; Fernández-Nebro, A; Haro, M; Amoura, Z; Miyara, M; Tektonidou, M; Espinosa, G; Bertolaccini, M L; Khamashta, M A

    2015-06-01

    To assess the prevalence of the main causes of morbi-mortality in the antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) during a 10-year-follow-up period and to compare the frequency of early manifestations with those that appeared later. In 1999, we started an observational study of 1000 APS patients from 13 European countries. All had medical histories documented when entered into the study and were followed prospectively during the ensuing 10 years. 53.1% of the patients had primary APS, 36.2% had APS associated with systemic lupus erythematosus and 10.7% APS associated with other diseases. Thrombotic events appeared in 166 (16.6%) patients during the first 5-year period and in 115 (14.4%) during the second 5-year period. The most common events were strokes, transient ischaemic attacks, deep vein thromboses and pulmonary embolism. 127 (15.5%) women became pregnant (188 pregnancies) and 72.9% of pregnancies succeeded in having one or more live births. The most common obstetric complication was early pregnancy loss (16.5% of the pregnancies). Intrauterine growth restriction (26.3% of the total live births) and prematurity (48.2%) were the most frequent fetal morbidities. 93 (9.3%) patients died and the most frequent causes of death were severe thrombosis (36.5%) and infections (26.9%). Nine (0.9%) cases of catastrophic APS occurred and 5 (55.6%) of them died. The survival probability at 10 years was 90.7%. Patients with APS still develop significant morbidity and mortality despite current treatment. It is imperative to increase the efforts in determining optimal prognostic markers and therapeutic measures to prevent these complications. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://group.bmj.com/group/rights-licensing/permissions.

  8. Factors associated with dying at the place of wish: a cross-country comparison of cancer patients with the EURO SENTI-MELC Study 2009-2010.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ko, W.; Miccinesi, G.; Beccaro, M.; Vanthomme, K.; Donker, G.A.; Onwuteaka-Philipsen, B.; Alonso, T.V.A.V; Deliens, L.; Block, L. van den

    2013-01-01

    Aims: 1) To study demographic and clinical factors associated with dying at a preferred place for cancer patients 2) To study cross-country differences in the intensity of factors Methods: A mortality follow-back study was undertaken in 2009-2010 via representative nationwide networks of general

  9. How do surgeons experience and cope with the death and dying of their patients? A qualitative study in the context of life-limiting illnesses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zambrano, Sofia C; Chur-Hansen, Anna; Crawford, Gregory B

    2013-05-01

    The present qualitative study explores surgeons' experiences and coping mechanisms with the death of their patients in the context of life-limiting illnesses. Nine Australian surgeons participated in in-depth interviews. Thematic analysis of the interview transcriptions allowed for identification of themes and subthemes. Methodological trustworthiness and rigor were preserved at all stages of the research process. The essence of surgical practice, comprising participants' descriptions of their identity as surgeons, influenced their experiences and coping mechanisms when dealing with death and dying. The following subthemes were identified: distancing from patients, wanting to fix problems, doing in terms of operating on a patient, prominence of the surgeon's personal ability, and high personal responsibility for patient outcomes. Giving hope and having a mixed surgical practice were some of the coping mechanisms described by participants. Death and dying are a part of surgical practice, and surgeons face challenges as they care for dying patients. Although participants stated that they felt less affected by dealing with patients dying of life-limiting illnesses than by unexpected deaths, their descriptions of their encounters, reactions, and behaviors, as well as their use of language, suggest that these deaths have a lasting impact. Potential areas for improvement of surgical practice and approaches to teaching about death and dying in surgery are addressed. Furthermore, the results of this study suggest the need to expand research in this area.

  10. Effect of the duration of hospice and palliative care on the quality of dying and death in patients with terminal cancer: A nationwide multicentre study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choi, J Y; Kong, K A; Chang, Y J; Jho, H J; Ahn, E M; Choi, S K; Park, S; Lee, M K

    2017-09-15

    Early referral to hospice and palliative care (HPC) has significant benefits, but little is known about the appropriate time for referral. The purpose of this study of terminal cancer patients was to identify the most appropriate time for referral to HPC. Cross-sectional correlation study design was used. Participants were the bereaved relatives, who were the adult primary caregivers of the 1,829 terminal cancer patients who died 2-6 months previously in nationwide centres that provide HPC in Korea. A post-bereavement survey (Good Death Inventory, GDI) of family caregivers was used to assess patients' quality of dying and death. Relative to patients who were in HPC for 3-7 days and HPC for 8-21 days, those in HPC for 22-84 days had significantly higher quality of dying. Propensity score matched comparison between the group hospitalised for 22-84 days (n = 65) and the group hospitalised for 85 days or longer (n = 65) showed no significant differences in all the items on quality of dying and death. Our results suggest that terminal cancer patients who stay in HPC at least for 22 days have improved quality of dying and death. © 2017 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  11. Quasi-periodic and periodic photonic crystals : A simulation study of their self-assembly, stability and photonic properties

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pattabhiraman, H.

    2017-01-01

    In this thesis we study the self-assembly, stability and photonic properties of colloidal photonic crystals. We show that stable photonic crystals can be self-assembled using spherical colloidal particles interacting with a simple pair potential. We focus on two-dimensional quasi-periodic crystals

  12. Die relevansie van die boek Prediker

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ook in die dogmatiek te bespeur is nie. 'n Vinnige oorsig oor die teksverwysings van. 'n paar wydgelese dogmatiekhandboeke kan dit bevestig. In Karl Barth se omvang- ryke Kirchliche Dogmatik word Prediker slegs vyf en dertig maal aangehaal en slegs sewe maal word teksgedeeltes bespreek. Emil Brunner haal Prediker ...

  13. DIE OUTESTAMENTIESE LEER AANGAANDE DIE MENS AS ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Test

    verdwyn s o o s rook". Meer voorbeetde gee die genoemde grammatikas. ') Hierdie opvatting van be vind ons bv. in die Leidsche Vertaling 1899, by JoH. H EH N , Zum TermiïiMS ,,BiM Qottes" in Festschrift Sachau, 1915, BÖ H L in TeÍMt en Uitieg,.

  14. Die vier Social-Media-Typen in der Wissenschaft. Ergebnisse einer bundesweiten Studie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ostrzinski, Ulrike

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available [english] ZB MED and its partners within the Leibniz Research Alliance Scienc participated in a nationwide study involving academics and researchers from universities and Leibniz Association research institutions. The purpose was to examine the use of social media tools. One of the key goals was to learn more about the usage patterns and behaviours of target groups, and the study has provided some important pointers to assist in this task. The preliminary part of the study identified four types of social media user who display significantly different patterns of behaviour in their use of and attitudes toward social web applications. The poster shows the figures for researchers working in the fields of medicine and life sciences – the main user group of ZB MED.

  15. Die verband tussen beroepsbesluitloosheid, vrees vir gebondenheid en beroepsidentiteit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. J. Goosen

    1997-06-01

    Full Text Available The relationship between career indecisiveness, fear for commitment and vocational identity. This study examined the correlation between the constructs career indecision, fear of commitment and vocational identity. Ninety-eight under-graduate university students served as research participants and completed the Career Decision Scale (CDS, the Vocational Identity Scale (VIS and the Fear of Commitment Questionnaire (FOCQ. The results indicated that the scores on the CDS were significantly related (p is smaller than 0,05 to the scores on the VIS and the FOCQ. Support was obtained for the important role of the construct of identity in the explanation of career indecisiveness. Opsomming In die onderhawige studie is die aard van die verband tussen die konstrukte beroepsbesluitloosheid, vrees vir gebondenheid en beroepsidentiteit ondersoek. Ag-en-egentig voorgraadse universiteitstudente is by die studie betrek. Die ondersoekgroep het die Career Decision Scale (CDS, die Vocational Identity Scale (VIS en die Fear of Commitment Questionnaire (FOCQ voltooi. Die resultate het aangetoon dat daar beduidende verband (p is kleiner as 0,05 tussen die verkree totaaltellings op die CDS, die VIS en die FOCQ bestaan het. Die belangrike rol wat die konstruk identiteit in die verklaring van beroepsbesluitloosheid speel word deur die bevindings van die onderhawige studie ondersteun.

  16. Die toepassing van die K3-model op die televisieteks Colour TV

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Die uitsaaier het ook geen klagtes van kykers ontvang oor die gebruik van die woord chlora nie. Inteendeel, op die sosiale netwerke Facebook en Twitter het kykers die gebruik van die woord verwelkom. Op Facebook skryf ʼn kyker (Howard 2011) die dag ná die eerste episode uitgesaai is: “Lol. Wow! Its amazing 2c how all ...

  17. (2008) SWJ:21-25 Comparative Studies On the Dying rate Migration ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Dr. Ahmed

    COMPARATIVE STUDIES ON DYEING RATE MIGRATION AND WASH FASTNESS PROPERTIES OF AZO DYES. DERIVED FROM 2-AMINOTHIAZOLE DERIVATIVES ON ACETATE FABRICS. ADAMU, I. K.1 & *BABATUNDE, O. A.2. 1School of Science Technology. Federal College of Chemical and Leather Technology.

  18. Sodomie, gender studies und die baltische Geschichte : Anmerkungen zu einer schwedischen Dissertation / Aivar Põldvee

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Põldvee, Aivar, 1962-

    2013-01-01

    Arvustus: Sjödin Lindenskoug, Susanna. Manlighetens bortre gräns : tidelagsrättegångar i Livland åren 1685-1709. (Stockholms Studie in history, 94 ; Södertörn doctoral dissertations, 55). Stockholm, 2011

  19. Study of the upper die clamping conditions in the small punch test

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Andrés, D.; Dymáček, Petr

    86A, DEC (2016), s. 117-123 ISSN 0167-8442 R&D Projects: GA MŠk(CZ) ED1.1.00/02.0068 Institutional support: RVO:68081723 Keywords : Small punch test * Finite element method * Parametric study * High temperature * Creep Subject RIV: JL - Materials Fatigue, Friction Mechanics Impact factor: 2.659, year: 2016 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0167844216301835

  20. African Studies – Striving for Integrated Information Services: Recent Developments in Germany and Europe Integrierte Informationsdienstleistungen für die Afrikaforschung: Neuere Entwicklungen in Deutschland und Europa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hartmut Bergenthum

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available New projects, services and collaborations have recently brought the infrastructural services for African Studies a big step forward. This report gives an account of new subject gateways and digitisation projects. It discusses recent European cooperation ventures in the field of librarianship. Additionally, new developments and services of the Africa Collection at Frankfurt University Library are presented, which help to address the changing needs of researchers and to handle information overload, while keeping up with the latest developments. Nevertheless, the fragmentation and compartmentalisation of the different services still hinder more integrated information services. Neue Projekte, Dienstleistungen und Kooperationen haben die Informationsversorgung der Afrikastudien einen großen Schritt vorangebracht. In diesem Bericht werden neue Fachportale und Digitalisierungsprojekte präsentiert; die in den vergangenen Jahren intensivierte europäische Zusammenarbeit der Afrika-Bibliotheken wird nachgezeichnet. Schließlich werden neue Dienstleistungen der Afrika-Sammlung der Frankfurter Universitätsbibliothek vorgestellt, die veränderten Bedürfnissen der Wissenschaftlerinnen und Wissenschaftler Rechnung tragen und es erlauben, die Informationsflut besser zu bewältigen und gleichzeitig den Überblick über aktuelle Entwicklungen zu behalten. Gleichwohl ist die Fragmentierung unterschiedlicher Dienstleistungsangebote noch nicht überwunden.

  1. Die rol van persoonlikheidstrekke in die weerstand teen stres

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sonja V. R. van Oudtshoorn

    1988-05-01

    Full Text Available The role of personality characteristics in resistance to stress: A study was conducted to establish whether certain personality characteristics contribute to resistance to stress. Rescue brigadesmen, performing dangerous rescue operations in the goldmining industry, served as basis for the study. The sample consisted of 63 current, 56 ex- and 50 non-brigadesmen. Results indicate that brigadesmen, on the basis of their personality structure, are better equipped to cope with stress. Scores on the 16PF show that they have a lower level of interpersonal anxiety (Factor Q4 and that they are more practical (Factor I, emotionally stable (Factor C, and conscientious (Factor G. These findings support existing knowledge of the 16PF. Opsomming Ten einde vas te stel ofdaar sekere persoonlikheidstrekke bestaan wat bydra tot weerstand teen stres, is 'n studie uitgevoer met reddingspanlede, wat lewensgevaarlike reddingsdiens in die goudmynbedryf verrig, as ondersoekgroep. Die streekproefhet uit 63 huidige, 56 oud-reddingspanlede en 50 amptenare, wat nog nooit aan die span behoort het nie, bestaan. Dit blyk dat reddingspanlede, op grond van hulle persoonlikheidstruktuur, beter toegerus is om stres te hanteer. Tellings op die 16PF toon dat hulle oor 'n laervlakvan interpersoonlike angs beskik, (Faktor Q4, dat hulle meer prakties (Faktor I, emosioneel stabiel (Faktor C en konsensieus is (Faktor G. Hierdie bevindinge sluit aan by die reeds bestaande kennis oor die 16PF.

  2. "Please. Don't. Die.": A Grounded Theory Study of Bystander Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mausz, Justin; Snobelen, Paul; Tavares, Walter

    2018-02-01

    Bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is an important determinant of survival from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA), yet rates of bystander CPR are highly variable. In an effort to promote bystander CPR, the procedure has been streamlined, and ultrashort teaching modalities have been introduced. CPR has been increasingly reconceptualized as simple, safe, and easy to perform; however, current methods of CPR instruction may not adequately prepare lay rescuers for the various logistical, conceptual, and emotional challenges of resuscitating a victim of cardiac arrest. We adopted a constructivist grounded theory methodology to qualitatively explore bystander CPR and invited lay rescuers who had recently (ie, within 1 week) intervened in an OHCA to participate in semistructured interviews and focus groups. We used constant comparative analysis until theoretical saturation to derive a midrange explanatory theory of bystander CPR. We constructed a 3-stage theoretical model describing a common experiential process for lay rescuer intervention in OHCA: Being called to act is disturbing, causing panic, shock, and disbelief that must ultimately be overcome. Taking action to save the victim is complicated by several misconceptions about cardiac arrest, where victims are mistakenly believed to be choking, and agonal respirations are misinterpreted to mean the victim is alive. Making sense of the experience is challenging, at least in the short term, where lay rescuers have to contend with self-doubt, unanswered questions, and uncomfortable emotional reactions to a traumatic event. Our study suggests that current CPR training programs may not adequately prepare lay rescuers for the reality of an OHCA and identifies several key knowledge gaps that should be addressed. The long-term psychological consequences of bystander intervention in OHCA remain poorly understood and warrant further study. © 2018 American Heart Association, Inc.

  3. Paradigmas en progressie in die teologie: *n Perspektief op die ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Met die ontdekking van kerne, atome, molekules en dies meer en die ontwik- keling van 'n mikro-fisika het die Newton-wette in die agtergrond geskuif. Daarmee saam het ook die sekuriteit wat dit gebring het, naamlik dat daar onder die oënskynlike chaos altyd 'n ordelike en konsekwente netwerk van wette en beginsels.

  4. DIE APOSTOLAAT VAN DIE KERK IN HIERDIE TYD TEN OPSIGTE ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Test

    Hierdie verkondiging het net een doel en net een inhoud. Die doel ... is die vlees- geworde Woord, Christus. Die apostalaat is nie een funksie van die kerk tussen ander nie. Die kerk is apostel in alles wat hy is en doen. Die doel van die. 239 ... skawing, nie vir uitbreiding van politieke magssfere nie, ens. Selfs ten koste van ...

  5. Die bepaling van die 'sentrum van hoofbelange' by oorgrens ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    As die filiaal se geregistreerde kantoor en die opvatting van derde partye op die selfde plek dui (sodat die vermoede in werking tree), moet die houermaatskappy meer, beter en swaarder getuienis aanvoer om die vermoede te weerlê. Die vermoede sal egter nie sonder meer weerlê word nie. 'n Essensiële en delikate ...

  6. DIE PLEK VAN SANG EN MUSIEK IN DIE PROTESTANTSE ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Test

    (a). In die behandeling van bostaande onderwerp, bevind ons ons op die gebied van die Praktiese Teologie. Die Praktiese Teologie het 'n merkwaardige tweeledige bestaan. Dit bestaan aan-die-een-kant sinvol as wetenskaplike besinning en spreke oor die „erediens”; dit bestaan aan-die-ander-kant óók sinvol.

  7. Die geskiedenis van die saw gedenkteken te Fort Klapperkop ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Die SAW Gedenkteken se lotgevalle is nou verbonde aan die van die. Militere Museum Fort Klapperkop aangesien die Gedenkteken op die terrein van Fort Klapperkop opgerig is. Weens rasionalisasie is die voortbestaan van Fort Klapperkop Museum onseker. Dit plaas ongetwyfeld dan ook 'n vraagteken agter die ...

  8. Die huwelik as identiteitsmerker in die Ou Testament

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    p1243322

    formulier klem gelê op Genesis 2:22 se woorde dat God die vrou na die mens gebring het. Hieruit word net soos in die ..... die hoek van antropologiese teorie oor bloedverwantskap bestudeer. Sy rekonstrueer eers die sosiale ...... begrip wat vreemd is aan die pre-moderne denke rondom verwantskap. Tweedens is die.

  9. DIE ONTVC'ERP VAN 'N SENDINGBELEID IN DIE HUIDIGE ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Test

    DIE ONTVC'ERP VAN 'N SENDINGBELEID IN DIE. HUIDIGE SITUASIE. Sending is 'n deel van die vervulling van die apostoliese opdrag van die kerk. Dit geskied op grond van en in gehoorsaamheid aan Gods. \\C'oord. Teologiese besinning is daarom die eerste en grondliggende vereiste by die ontwerp van 'n ...

  10. Gebed in die Ou en Nuwe Testament: ’n Vergelykende studie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D.F. O’Kennedy

    2000-08-01

    Full Text Available Prayer in the Old and New Testament: A comparative study There are many publications on prayer; though the Biblical basis of prayer is often neglected. This article presents a general overview of the similarities and unique features of prayer in the Old and New Testament. Some of the unique features of New Testament prayer are the Trinitarian character; the prayer of the exalted Jesus; the emphasis on prayer teaching and the attitude of the supplicant. The unique features of Old Testament prayer are inter alia the Psalms as “prayer book” and the greater emphasis on prayer and cult/public worship. One can conclude that there is no significant gap or contradiction in the prayer content of the Old and New Testament. Several similarities between the Old and New Testament’s views on prayer confirm this opinion. In many ways the forms and traditions of Israelite prayer that preceded the career of Jesus and the first Christian community were continued in the New Testament.

  11. Die woord van God as lewende, kragtige en tweesnydende sward - 'n studie van hebreërs 4:12-13 binne die konteks van die hele Hebreërs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J.C. Coetzee

    1988-03-01

    Full Text Available Within the wider scope of interdisciplinary studies on The Power of the Word of God this article gives a New Testament perspective on the theme through an exegetical study of Hebrews 4:12-13 within its broader context. Whilst this pericope is often used as a prooftext (locum probantium for the divine authority of Scriptures this study starts on the as­ sumption that this is not the primary focus of the text. It is as­ sumed that the text is primarily concerned with the effective power of God's Word in the lives of men, especially In the lives of members of God's people. Four hypotheses are stated at the beginning and are exegetically tested in the article: (i In the whole Bible Hebrews 4:12-13 is one of the clearest and most compact expressions of the dynamic power of the Word of God. (ii Hebrews 4:12-13 is indeed a cornerstone in the message of this sermon to "the Hebrews". (HI Although various Biblical passages seemingly have strong parallels on the matter of the power of the Word Hebrews 4:12-13 proves to have a singular emphasis, namely of the living, powerful and the decisively penetrating power of JUDGE of the deepest heart of man. (iv Hebrews 4:12-13 within its context gives an important portrait of the most intimate relation between the Word of God and the God of the Word.

  12. Optical studies conducted by Shogunal astronomers of Edo-period

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakamura, Tsuko

    2005-05-01

    Although basic duty for astronomical officers of the Tokugawa Shogunal government had been to compile yearly and sometimes improve luni-solar calendars, they were obliged from necessity, toward the 19th century, to learn the astronomical navigation and optical instruments as well. This paper discusses why and how they coped with the fundamental optics. We also shed light on that Cornelis Douwes (1712-1773), the principal of the Amsterdam Naval Academy, made an important contribution to the Japanese astronomy of the Edo-period, through both the booklet on the octant written by him and his Dutch-translation enterprise of the four-volume books "Astronomie" authored by the famed French astronomer J. J. F. Lalande.

  13. Oor die onvoorwaardelike lognormaalverdeling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. J. J. Roux

    1989-03-01

    Full Text Available Die onvoorwaardelike lognormaalverdeling wat ryk aan parameters is, word voorgestel en na ’n meervariate verdeling uitgebrei. Teoretiese eienskappe en ’n toepassing van die onvoorwaardelike lognormaalmodel word gegee.

  14. Wake up and Die

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schubart, Rikke

    2013-01-01

    Anmeldelse af den colombianske gyserfilm Volver a morir (eng. titel Wake Up and Die) af Miguel Urrutia......Anmeldelse af den colombianske gyserfilm Volver a morir (eng. titel Wake Up and Die) af Miguel Urrutia...

  15. Die wonder van Afrikaans

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Venter

    1959-03-01

    Full Text Available In die Januarie-Februarie-uitgawe van Koers het die hoofredakteur daarop gewys dat 1959 ’n gedenkjaar is, en onde randere ook vermeld dat dit die jaar is van die goue jubileum van die Suid-Afrikaanse Akademie vir Wetenskap en Kuns (gestig op 2 Julie 1909. Daarby moet ons nie vergeet dat die P.A.K. (gestig19 Desember 1929 in hierdie jaar sy dertigste bestaansjaar voltooi nie. Dit is dan ook heeltemal gepas dat ons in hierdie gedenkjaar, op versoek van hierdie twee liggame wat so ontsaglik baie gedoen het vir die handhaaf en bou van ons taal, ons aandag sal saamtrek rondom die wonder van Afrikaans.

  16. Die Koalitionsvereinbarungen zur Energiewende

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    2014-01-01

    .... Die zunachst so erfolgreich gestartete Energiewende ist ins Stolpern geraten. Das europaische Zertifikatesystem, das Erneuerbare-Energien-Gesetz und die Energiewende mussen nun vor allem kosteneffizient neu justiert werden...

  17. Numerical simulation and experimental study for the die forging process of a high-speed railway brake disc hub

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Mingyue; Xu, Bin; Zhang, Long; LI, Dianzhong

    2013-05-01

    With the aim of manufacturing a near-net shape forging product of a brake disk hub for the high-speed railway, the die forging process was designed and optimized in this study. Firstly, based on the measured stress-strain curves at different strain rates and the thermal-physical parameters of 40Cr A steel, a finite element model for the forging process of a high-speed railway brake disc hub was established. Then, the temperature, stress and strain fields were studied and analyzed at the pre-forging and the finial-forging stages. Besides, in order to trace the stress and strain evolution, five points at different positions were chosen on the billet, and the comparison of the state conditions was made among these points. The results have demonstrated that the product can be well formed by an elaborately designed three-stage forging process, which may reduce the metal machine allowance and the producing cost effectively. Finally, an industrial trial was made and a machined product with sound quality was obtained.

  18. Morir con dignidad: Estudio sobre voluntades anticipadas Dying with dignity: A study of living wills

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina Nebot

    2010-12-01

    draw up a living will, to analyze physicians´ knowledge of living wills and attitudes toward them, and to compare the regulations pertaining to this right in the distinct autonomous regions of Spain. Method: A descriptive study that included an analysis of a systematic sample of 931 living wills registered in the autonomous region of Valencia (Spain, a self-administered structured questionnaire administered to a sample of 84 physicians working in emergency departments and intensive care units (45% response rate, and a comparison of the regional legislation covering living wills. Results: A total of 1.6% of inhabitants aged 16 or over had registered a living will (female/male ratio: 1.8/1. Most (73.8% used a standard document drawn up by a particular religious faith. The most common reasons for writing a living will were to limit therapeutic efforts (99% and obtain pain-relieving drugs (98%. Although 61 physicians (72.6% frequently attended the terminally ill, only 6% consulted the register of living wills in these situations and 28% did not know how to consult this register. There is wide variation among regions in the minimum age for registering a living will, in the procedure to be followed if the signer is pregnant, in designating a person as having the authority to make a living will, and in the number of registration points available to deposit livingwills. Conclusions: Most persons registering a living will are healthy individuals with a particular religious faith who reject certain treatments. Most health professionals do not check whether critically ill patients have made a living will. Exercising the rights contained in living wills is complicated by the diversity of criteria among different regions.

  19. Die Virtuelle Fachbibliothek Psychologie

    OpenAIRE

    Magyar, Natascha

    2002-01-01

    'Der Benutzer soll zukünftig in der Lage sein, sich mit seinem Informationswunsch an eine fachliche Organisationseinheit - die Virtuelle Fachbibliothek - wenden zu können, in der die Nachweisfunktion, die Zuordnung und die Vermittlung fachlicher Informationen in gedruckter und elektronischer Form organisatorisch vorbereitet und in der Durchführung kooperativ sichergestellt sind. (Rutz, Reinhard: SSG-Programm, Virtuelle Fachbibliotheken und das Förderkonzept der DFG. Bonn, 1997). Um diesem Sze...

  20. Symptoms, unbearability and the nature of suffering in terminal cancer patients dying at home: a prospective primary care study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruijs, Cees D M; Kerkhof, Ad J F M; van der Wal, Gerrit; Onwuteaka-Philipsen, Bregje D

    2013-12-28

    Primary care physicians provide palliative home care. In cancer patients dying at home in the Netherlands (45% of all cancer patients) euthanasia in about one out of every seven patients indicates unbearable suffering. Symptom prevalence, relationship between intensity of symptoms and unbearable suffering, evolvement of symptoms and unbearability over time and quality of unbearable suffering were studied in end-of-life cancer patients in primary care. 44 general practitioners during three years recruited cancer patients estimated to die within six months. Every two months patients quantified intensity as well as unbearability of 69 symptoms with the State-of-Suffering-V (SOS-V). Also overall unbearable suffering was quantified. The five-point rating scale ranged from 1 (not at all) to 5 (hardly can be worse). For symptoms assessed to be unbearable the nature of the suffering was additionally investigated with open-ended questions. The final interviews were analyzed; for longitudinal evolvement also the pre-final interviews were analyzed. Symptom intensity scores 4 and 5 were defined to indicate high intensity. Symptom unbearability scores 4 and 5 were defined to indicate unbearable suffering. Two raters categorized the qualitative descriptions of unbearable suffering. Out of 148 requested patients 51% participated; 64 patients were followed up until death. The SOS-V was administered at least once in 60 patients (on average 30 days before death) and at least twice in 33 patients. Weakness was the most frequent unbearable symptom (57%). Pain was unbearable in 25%. Pain, loss of control over one's life and fear of future suffering frequently were unbearable (89-92%) when symptom intensity was high. Loss of control over one's life, vomiting and not being able to do important things frequently were unbearable (52-80%) when symptom intensity was low. Unbearable weakness significantly increased between pre-final and final interview. Physical suffering, loss of meaning

  1. Die Tempelrolle und die Struktureigenschaften des Kollagens

    OpenAIRE

    Schütz, Roman

    2016-01-01

    Die „Schriftrollen vom Toten Meer“ stoßen seit ihrer Entdeckung Mitte des letzten Jahrhunderts bei den Religionshistorikern und in der breiten Öffentlichkeit auf großes Interesse. Sie stammen aus der Zeit der Zweiten Tempelperiode - der Wiege des Christentums und dem Vorabend der Zerstörung des Tempels von Jerusalem durch die Römer. Diese Ereignisse haben den weiteren Verlauf der Menschheitsgeschichte entscheidend mitgeprägt. Dem Text der Rollen hat die Forschung sehr viel Aufmerksamkeit ...

  2. Verslikking in die Richardsbaainatuurreservaat, Natal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Cooks

    1986-03-01

    Full Text Available ’n Ondersoek na die redes en tempo van verslikking in die Richardsbaaise Natuurreservaat dui daarop dat versnelde verslikking in die reservaat die gevolg is van ’n versteuring van die natuurlike ekwilibrium deur menslike aktiwiteite tydens die ontwikkeling van die hawe. Die belangrikste redes is waarskynlik die konstruksie van ’n dyk wat die estuarium verdeel, die oopmaak van ’n nuwe monding en boerderywanpraktyke in die opvanggebied. Die tempo van verslikking het in so ’n mate toegeneem dat ongeveer 36,14 persent van die natuurreservaat reeds gedurende die eerste 11 jaar toegeslik het. ’n Projeksie van hierdie verslikkingstempo dui daarop dat die reservaat binne die bestek van ongeveer 29 jaar heeltemal sal toeslik. ’n Dramatiese toename in die plantaanwas toon dieselfde neiging.

  3. DIE OPTIMUM INSLUITINGSPEIL VAN ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Aan elkeen is een van die 35 diete ewekansig toegese. Elke vark het ad lib toegang gehad tot die dieet vanaf 8 weke ouderdom tot op 'n lewende massa van ongeveer 50 kg. Die varke is afsonderlik in hokkies van ongeveer 1,5 m X 1 m, toegerus met selfvoerders en drinktepels, aangehou. Voerinname en lewende massa.

  4. Die humanistiese mensbeeld

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Liberalisme-kapitalisme vanuit die denke van Adam Smith (1723-. 1790), demokratiese-sosialisme vanuit die denke van Jean Jacques Rousseau (1712-. 1778), en Marxisme-kommunisme vanuit die denke van Karl Marx (1818-1883). In elkeen van hierdie ideologiese strominge bestaan 'n mensbeeld soos dit bepaal.

  5. Die Plattform Medienbiografie

    OpenAIRE

    Christian Nosko

    2013-01-01

    Wenn die eigene Medienbiografie Nutzungsmuster und Einstellungen gegenüber Medien in hohem Maß beeinflusst, dann stellt die Beschäftigung damit in der Aus-, Fort- und Weiterbildung von LehrerInnen ein unumgängliches Element dar. Christian Nosko präsentiert die Plattform "Medienbiografie".

  6. Die Gattungen der Myriangiales

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Arx, von J.A.

    1963-01-01

    Die Myriangiales sind ascoloculäre Ascomyceten mit bitunicaten Asci und lassen sich durch Zwischenformen mit den Dothiorales verbinden. Bei ihnen entstehen die Asci im Innern von Fruchtkörpern einzeln zerstreut und sind kugelig oder breit keulig. Die 21 anerkannten Gattungen werden schlüsselförmig

  7. DIE GELOFTEKERK. Woorc/ ^oora/.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Test

    die gelofte kerk sou gereserveer het, aan die kerkraad van die Ned. Geref. Gemeente aldaar te ... Ms. ]2: John Bird: The Annats of Nata], Vo!. I, pr. 445. ... Zn. P.M.. Burg 1865. f yierdie vandag baie seldsame brosjure is in 1865 deur ds. P. Huet.

  8. Infant twin mortality and hospitalisations after the perinatal period - a prospective cohort study from Guinea-Bissau

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerregaard-Andersen, M; Biering-Sørensen, S; Gomes, G M

    2014-01-01

    .09-4.07). In a multivariable analysis among twins only, birth weight death of the cotwin perinatally [2.54, (1.16-5.57)] and severe maternal illness during pregnancy [2.35, (1.00-5.51)] were significant risk factors for twin death. In the subgroup with available HIV status, maternal HIV infection......OBJECTIVE: To examine mortality and hospitalisations among infant twins and singletons after the perinatal period in Guinea-Bissau. METHODS: The study was conducted from September 2009 to November 2012 by the Bandim Health Project (BHP). Newborn twins and unmatched singleton controls were included...... at the National Hospital. RESULTS: About 495 twins and 333 singletons were alive on day 7 after birth. In total, 36 twins and 12 singletons died during follow-up, the post-perinatal infant mortality rate being 91/1000 person-years for twins and 42/1000 for singletons (HR = 2.11, 95% CI: 1...

  9. A Comparative Evaluation of Accuracy of the Dies Affected by Tray Type, Material Viscosity, and Pouring Sequence of Dual and Single Arch Impressions- An In vitro Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kulkarni, Poonam R; Kulkarni, Rahul S; Shah, Rupal J; Chhajlani, Rahul; Saklecha, Bhuwan; Maru, Kavita

    2017-04-01

    The clinician's skill, impression techniques, and materials play a very important role in recording fine details in an impression for accuracy of fixed partial denture prosthesis. Impression of prepared teeth and of the opposing arch can be recorded simultaneously by dual-arch trays, while the full arch metal trays are used for impressions of prepared teeth in one arch. To measure and compare the accuracy of working dies made from impressions with metal and plastic dual arch trays and metal full arch trays, for two viscosities of impression material and by changing the sequence of pour of working and non-working sides. A balanced design with independent samples was used to study the three variables (tray type, impression material viscosity, and pouring sequence). An impression made by dual arch trays and single arch trays were divided in to three groups (Group A-plastic dual arch tray, Group B-metal dual arch tray, Group C-full arch metal stock tray). Out of these three groups, two groups (Group A and B) were subdivided in to four subgroups each and one group (Group C) was subdivided in to two subgroups. A sample size of 30 was used in each subgroup yielding a total 300 impressions in three groups or ten subgroups. Impressions were made of a machined circular stainless steel die. All three dimensions (Occlusogingival, Mesiodistal, and Buccolingual) of the working dies as well as stainless steel standard die were measured three times, and the mean was used for the three standard sample values to which all working dies means were compared. Statistical analysis used for this study was a 3-factor analysis of variance with hypothesis testing at α =0.05. With respect to the selection of impression material viscosity statistically significant differences were found in the dies for the buccolingual and mesiodistal dimensions. Metal dual arch trays were slightly more accurate in the mesiodistal dimension in comparison to the plastic trays in reference of tray selection and

  10. Relatives' Perspective on the Terminally Ill Patients Who Died after Euthanasia or Physician-Assisted Suicide: A Retrospective Cross-Sectional Interview Study in the Netherlands

    Science.gov (United States)

    Georges, Jean-Jacques; Onwuteaka-Philipsen, Bregje D.; Muller, Martien T.; van der Wal, Gerrit; van der Heide, Agnes; van der Maas, Paul J.

    2007-01-01

    This study used retrospective interviews with 87 relatives to describe the experiences of patients who died by euthanasia or physician-assisted suicide (EAS) in the Netherlands. Most of the patients suffered from cancer (85%). The relatives were most often a partner (63%) or a child (28%) of the patient. Before explicitly requesting EAS most…

  11. End-of-Life Care and Circumstances of Death in Patients Dying As a Result of Cancer in Belgium and the Netherlands: A Retrospective Comparative Study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Meeussen, K.; van den Block, L.; Echteld, M.A.; Boffin, N.; Bilsen, J.; van Casteren, V.; Abarshi-Fatiregun, E.A.B.; Donker, G.; Onwuteaka-Philipsen, B.D.; Deliens, L.

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: To examine and compare end-of-life care in patients with cancer dying in Belgium and the Netherlands. Patients and Methods: A mortality follow-back study was undertaken in 2008 via representative nationwide sentinel networks of general practitioners (GPs) in Belgium and the Netherlands. By

  12. End-of-life care and circumstances of death in patients dying as a result of cancer in Belgium and the Netherlands: a retrospective comparative study.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Meeussen, K.; Block, L. van den; Echteld, M.A.; Boffin, N.; Bilsen, J.; Casteren, V. van; Abarshi, E.; Donker, G.; Onwuteaka-Philipsen, B.; Deliens, L.

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: To examine and compare end-of-life care in patients with cancer dying in Belgium and the Netherlands. Patients and methods: A mortality follow-back study was undertaken in 2008 via representative nationwide sentinel networks of general practitioners (GPs) in Belgium and the Netherlands. By

  13. Die onstuitbare gang van die wetenskap

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Editorial Office

    2001-09-01

    Full Text Available Ten einde nie in té vae algemeenhede te verval nie, sal skrywervan hierdie standpunt hom beperk tot die natuurwetenskap, endan slegs tot enkele terreine binne hierdie bepaalde gebied.

  14. Does religiousness buffer against the fear of death and dying in late adulthood? Findings from a longitudinal study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wink, Paul; Scott, Julia

    2005-07-01

    We used longitudinal data (N = 155) to investigate the relation between religiousness and fear of death and dying in late adulthood. We found no linear relations between religiousness and fear of death and dying. Individuals who were moderately religious feared death more than individuals who scored high or low on religiousness. Fear of death also characterized participants who lacked congruence between belief in an afterlife and religious practices. We replicated the curvilinear relation between fear of death and religiousness in late adulthood with religiousness in middle adulthood, controlling for sociodemographic variables, life satisfaction, social support, and stressors. Older participants (in their mid-70s) who experienced more bereavement and illness feared the dying process less than younger participants (in their late 60s). The findings support the hypothesis that firmness and consistency of beliefs and practices, rather than religiousness per se, buffers against death anxiety in old age.

  15. Die relevansie van die prediking vir tussenmenslike verhoudings in Suid-Afrika

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. H. van Wyk

    1987-06-01

    Full Text Available Indien ons die uitspraak verneem dat ten minste 77% van die Suid-Afrikaanse bevolking hulle as Christene beskou, skep dit groot verwagtinge dat die prediking van die evangelie van Christus inderdaad van groot invloed kan wees. Indien ons hier byvoeg dat baie Christene in die geleentheid is om (sê oor ’n periode van vyftig jaar (20-70 jaar sowat 5 000 preke te kan hoor (teen honderd per jaar , dan styg ons verwagtinge nog meer. Daarom is dit ’n baie pynlike bevinding om te moet hoor dat ondersoeke daarop dui dat die effek van die prediking soms baie gering is en dat dit min verandering teweegbring (Jonker, 1976 : 85 - 86.

  16. Die Onderwys en Opvoeding van die Afrikaner in die Twintigste Eeu (I.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. C. Coetzee

    1951-03-01

    Full Text Available Die twintigste eeu het vir die Afrikaner waar hy ook in Suid-Afrika woonagtig was, baie donker aangebreek: In die loop van 1900 is die twee Boere-Republieke beset en al het die worstelstryd van die Boeremagte nog tot in 1902 voortgeduur, was die einde vanaf 1900 reeds beslis.

  17. Verskuiwing in die moraal?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S.P. van der Walt

    1974-03-01

    Full Text Available Modewoorde het ons deesdae oorgenoeg in die Christelike sedeleer en hulle kan nogal verwarring stig. U moet my vergun om met u te spreek oor een so ’n modewoord nl „verskuiwing’’ in die moraal. Dis nogal ’n mooi woord, wat so dikwels gebruik word op baie terreine en tog meer wil aandui as maar net ’n veranderde sienswyse, ’n wysiging in opvattinge of nuwe riglyne wat al gangbaar geword het in die praktyk. Die begrip wil eintlik die ewolusionêre gang beklemtoon, want dit is dan eintlik net die ou norme wat effens anders bekyk word of nie meer so nou geneem of dik onderstreep word nie. Die verskuiwing beteken dan dat alles nog dieselfde bly, net die posisie of plek het verander. Verskuiwing beteken tog plekverandering of plekwisseling en dan sekerlik nie in die sin dat die plekke ver uitmekaar lê nie. Verskuiwing beteken net maar vlak langs die vorige te staan kom. As dit dan ’n beter plek is, is dit ewolusie, ontwikkeling, verbetering.

  18. Die Voortrekker-ideale in die moderne wêreld

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. J. du Plessis

    1938-03-01

    Full Text Available Terwyl ons nou die Groot Trek op die eeu-tyd weer belewe, is dit seker gepas om die vraag te stel in hoever daar in die moderne wêreld en ons hedendaagse Suid-Afrika nog plek is vir en lewenskrag is in die Voortrekker-ideale: naamlik om op die Afrikaanse hoogland die Christelike beskawing te vestig volgens suiwer Afrikaanse styl in ’n eie republikeinse staatsverband met voogdy oor die gekleurde bevolking sonder gelykstelling.

  19. DIE ONSTERFLIKHEID VAN DIE MENSLIKE SIEL') Daar is geen ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Test

    harde stemme : „Heil aan onse God wat op die troon sit, en aan die Lam." Hulle het uit die groot verdrukking gekom, en hulle leef voor Gods troon en het dus nie met die dood van die liggame ook gesterf nie. Ons kan dan ook nie anders sê nie as dat iedereen wat die onsterf likheid van die siel loën, met die Heilige Skrif en ...

  20. Factors associated with preference for dying at home among terminally ill patients with cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schou-Andersen, Marianne; Ullersted, Maria P; Jensen, Anders Bonde

    2016-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: An important element in end-of-life care advocacy is to meet patients' end-of-life preferences. Most Scandinavian patients die in hospitals even though the majority prefers to die at home. Earlier studies have shown socio-economic differences in relation to dying at home, but more...... knowledge is needed in relation to preferences for place of death. Hence, on valid Danish register-based socio-economic data, we aimed to investigate whether demographic and socio-economic factors were associated with preference for dying at home. METHOD: Population-based, historic cohort study among 282...... relatives of deceased patients who died of cancer in Denmark in 2006. Bereaved relatives were asked to state patient's preference concerning place of death at the beginning and end of the palliative period. These data were recently combined with updated, extensive demographic and socio-economic data from...

  1. Die hervertolking van die paradigma in verband met die ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Akade- mie Drukker. Rutgers, F L 1882. Hel kerkverband der Nederlandsch Gereformeerde Kerken. Am sterdam. Schlaich, K 1969. Kollegialtlieorie: Kirche, Recht und Stoat in der Aufklaning. Jus ec- clesiasticum, Bd 8. Miinchen. Scholtz, G D sj. Geskiedenis van die Nederduitse Hervormde of Gereformeerde Kerk. Pretoria.

  2. Hospice assist at home: does the integration of hospice care in primary healthcare support patients to die in their preferred location - A retrospective cross-sectional evaluation study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Graaf, Everlien; Zweers, Daniëlle; Valkenburg, Anna Ch; Uyttewaal, Allegonda; Teunissen, Saskia Ccm

    2016-06-01

    A majority of patients prefer to die at home. Specialist palliative care aims to improve quality of life. Hospice assist at home is a Dutch model of general/specialised palliative care within primary care, collaboratively built by general practitioners and a hospice. The aims of this study are to explore whether hospice assist at home service enables patients at hometo express end-of-life preferences and die in their preferred location. In addition, this study provides insight into symptomburden, stability and early referral. A retrospective cross-sectional evaluation study was performed (December 2014-March 2015), using hospice assist at home patient records and documentation. Primary outcome includes congruence between preferred and actual place of death. Secondary outcomes include symptom burden, (in)stability and early identification. Between June 2012 and December 2014, 130 hospice assist at home patients, living at home with a life expectancy home, a collaboration between general practitioners, district nurses, trained volunteers and a hospice team, facilitates (1) general practitioner-initiated consultation by Nurse Consultant Hospice, (2) fortnightly interdisciplinary consultations and (3) 24/7 hospice backup for patients, caregivers and professionals. A total of 130 patients (62 (48%) men; mean age, 72 years) were enrolled, of whom 107/130 (82%) died and 5 dropped out. Preferred place of death was known for 101/107 (94%) patients of whom 91% patients died at their preferred place of death. Hospice assist at home service supports patients to die in their preferred place of death. Shared responsibility of proactive care in primary care collaboration enabled patients to express preferences. Hospice care should focus on local teamwork, to contribute to shared responsibilities in providing optimal palliative care. © The Author(s) 2016.

  3. A study on periodic safety verification on MOV performance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cho, Du Eon; Park, Jong Ho; Han, Jae Seob; Kang, Hyeon Taek; Lee, Jeong Min; Song, Kyu Jo; Shin, Wan Sun; Lee, Taek Sang [Chungnam National Univ., Taejon (Korea, Republic of)

    2000-03-15

    The objectives of this study, therefore, are to define the optimized valve diagnostic variances which early detect the abnormal conditions during the surveillance of the valve and consequently reduce the radiation exposure. The major direction of the development is to detect in advance the valve degradation by monitoring the motor current and power signals which can be obtained remotely at Motor Control Center (MCC). A series of valve operation experiments have been performed under several kinds of abnormal conditions by using the test apparatus which consists of a 3-inch gate valve, a motor(0.33 Hp, 460V, 0.8A, 1560rpm), actuator(SMB-000-2 type), some measuring devices(power analyzer, oscilloscope, data recorder and current transformer, AC current and voltage transducer) and connection cables.

  4. A study on periodic verification of MOV performance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cho, Du Yeon; Park, Jong Ho; Kang, Hyeon Taek [Chungnam National Univ., Taejon (Korea, Republic of)] (and others)

    1999-04-15

    Developed in this study are the optimized valve diagnostic technique which detect early the abnormal symptom during the surveillance of the valve and consequently reduce the irradiation in a maximum. The major direction of the development is to detect in advance the valve degradation by monitoring changes in motor power due to the changes in motor current input. The development strategies in phase are as follows : understanding of the state of art of the technique and collection of the related material, survey of the material on the failure mode, types, and the operating conditions of the MOVs, investigation of the state of the art of the technique. Understanding of the operating principle of the valve. Design and manufacture of the experiment facility. Development of the diagnostic technique, development of the method detecting the abnormal symptom by monitoring the changes of the motor current signature through simulating the abnormal conditions.

  5. Neutron scattering study of water confined in periodic mesoporous organosilicas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levy, Esthy; Kay Chan, Lok; Yu, Dehong; Marek Koza, Michael; Mastai, Yitzhak; Ford, R. C.; Li, Jichen

    2010-07-01

    A series of quasi-elastic neutron scattering measurements were performed using IN6 at the Institute Laue Langevin for a mesoporous organosilica material with phenyl functions, called phenyltriethoxysilane (PTES). The aim of the experiment was to study the diffusion dynamics of nano-scale water clusters inside the hydrophobic pores as a function of temperature and hydration. By fitting the Debye-Waller factor, the data show clearly the different behavior between water, both inside and outside the hydrophobic pores, which resembles bulk water. The mean thermal displacement of the external water increases with T almost linearly up to 353 K, while the internal water quickly reaches the maximum at T˜323 K, indicating the confinement by an averaged pore diameter of the porous organosilica.

  6. 'n Begronde bedieningsmodel vir die diakonia van die gemeente

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    15 Feb 2012 ... 'n model (Pastoral Family Model) (2008:235–237). Hy gee ook belangrike aspekte van die toepassing van die model weer (2008:244–247), maar .... geleenthede is gereël waar lidmate die sinodebesluite kon bespreek, asook die rigting waarin die kerkraad dink met die oog op 'n nuwe bedieningsmodel.

  7. PS Dreyer: Bakens op die pad van die wetenskap

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Historia 3/1. 15. Die grondslae van die Westerse leefwyse, in Cronjé, G (red) 1963,. Die Westerse kultuur in Suid-Afrika. Pretoria: Van Schaik. 16. Van mite tot wetenskap, in Cronjé, G (red) 1966, Kultuurbeïnvloe- ding in die oudheid. Pretoria: Van Schaik. (Fakulteitslesings). 17. Die wysgerige Antropologie en die Teologie, ...

  8. oor die teologiese inhoud van die belydenis van belhar1

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    31 Okt 2011 ... Die sigbare eenheid sluit 'n ryke en wonderbare verskeidenheid in, nie uit nie – dis die eerste punt. Om dié oortuiging te verwoord word 'n lang lys van assosiasies gebruik, vanuit die Bybel en die belydenisskrifte, om gelowiges te herinner aan hoe ryk en kompleks die geleefde eenheid, die onderlinge ...

  9. die doel en wese van opvoedende onderwys en die implikasies ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    kan word is waardevol vir die ontwikkeling en voortbestaan van die rnens. :1et die verworwe kenni s van die mens kan hy vaardighede aanleer (fisiese en psigiese). Die mens moet hom dus '' ... in die w~reld orii:!nteer •.. " volgens Harmse (1979, b1.26). Hierdie orientasie kan noodwendig nie doeltreffend plaasvind indien 'n ...

  10. Die mens as sondaar - Die beskouing van Karl Barth

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Satan en die Antichris gebring is. Daar was egter ook enkeles wat daarin 'n welkome nuwe geluid gehoor het met klanke wat herinner het aan die reformatoriese godgeleerdiieid. So is die nuwe gedagtes verder gedra en het dit geleidelik ver en wyd in die kerklike wêreld weerklank gevind. In die voorwoord tot die eerste ...

  11. Author: T Bekker DIE MOONTLIKE REGSHERVORMING VAN DIE ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    RV

    written contract.17. Die gemelde bedoeling van die partye word vasgestel vanuit die dokument self, maar ook vanuit die woorde en gedrag van die partye en die ..... common intention or oral agreement, and it was that mistake in their written ... evidence rule, but in principle there seems no difference between a common.

  12. DIE HEDENDAAGSE SIENING VAN DIE NORMERING VAN DUITS ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    die Duitse taal (vergelyk Deutsche Sprache 1983:382 en later), terminologie soos gebruiklik in die Duitse ..... met die bylae Sprachpraxis, asook 'n handboek met die titel Deutsch - eln Lehrbuch Eur Auslander (Duits ... en die los- en vasskryE van woorde (Duden-Grammatik ^1984:67). Die strewe na 'n ooreenkoms oor ...

  13. Die ontwerp van ’n digitale pedagogiese patroon vir die verbetering van leerders se mondelinge kommunikasievaardighede

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carina Grobler

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Suid-Afrikaanse voorgraadse vreemdetaalstudente het meer geleenthede nodig om hulle mondelinge kommunikasievaardighede te oefen. Nie net lewer die akademiese literatuur ‘n pleidooi vir meer klem op mondelinge vaardighede nie (Delena-le Roux 2010, dit is ook een van die sentrale gevolgtrekkings uit ’n opname onder beginnerstudente wat Frans neem by die Potchefstroomkampus van die Noordwes-Universiteit (Suid-Afrika. Dit was dus noodsaaklik om 'n onderrig- en leerervaring te ontwerp wat daarop gemik is om beginnerstudente se mondelinge kommunikasievaardighede in Frans te verbeter. Laurillard (2012 se Gespreksraamwerk was die inspirasie vir die ontwerp van 'n digitale pedagogiese patroon (DPP wat bestaan uit konteks en pedagogiese beskrywers ten einde vreemdetaalleerders se mondelinge vaardighede te ontwikkel. Die Gespreksraamwerk analiseer formele leer en die struikelblokke met die gebruik van nuwe tegnologieë in leer. Die implementeringsproses van ‘n DPP vir die ontwikkeling van die mondelinge vaardighede van studente (in Frans het drie siklusse, elk met sy eie uitkomste, en drie groepe deelnemers – die kontrolegroep en twee eksperimentele groepe – behels. Die toetsing van die voorgestelde DPP het belangrike insigte gebied wat geïntegreer behoort te word in die ontwerp van toekomstige digitale pedagogiese patrone vir die spesifieke konteks: deelnemersgroepe behoort tot twee beperk te word; leerervarings wat uitgevoer word tydens die beperkte onderrigtyd van ʼn semester behoort verminder te word; daar moet verseker word dat elke stap van die leerervaring voldoen aan die vereistes van die Gespreksraamwerk. Studente-uitslae van die leerervarings in toekomstige studies behoort te onthul watter siklus die beste bydra tot die verbetering van mondelinge kommunikasievaardighede.

  14. Symptoms, unbearability and the nature of suffering in terminal cancer patients dying at home: a prospective primary care study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ruijs, C.D.M.; Kerkhof, A.J.F.M.; van der Wal, G.; Onwuteaka-Philipsen, B.D.

    2013-01-01

    Background: Primary care physicians provide palliative home care. In cancer patients dying at home in the Netherlands (45% of all cancer patients) euthanasia in about one out of every seven patients indicates unbearable suffering. Symptom prevalence, relationship between intensity of symptoms and

  15. Dying in hospital: a study of incidence and factors related to hospital death using death certificate data

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Houttekier, D.; Cohen, J.; Pepersack, T.; Deliens, L.

    2014-01-01

    Background: Most people prefer not to die in a hospital, and for those with palliative care needs, doing so may result in inappropriate care and poor outcomes. We examined place of death and factors associated with hospital death in a population eligible for palliative care. Methods: We used death

  16. One hundred years of the Piston aeroplane engine. Part 2. The period from 1919 to the 1950s; Hundert Jahre Kolbenflugmotor. Teil 2. Die Zeit zwischen 1919 und den 1950er Jahren

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Meinig, U. [Hengst GmbH und Co. KG, Muenster (Germany)

    2003-11-01

    To celebrate the centenary of the Wright brothers' legendary first flight, this series of articles has been dedicated to examining the development history of the piston aeroplane engine. Part 2 of three parts focuses on the following issues from a mainly German perspective: the development of piston aeroplane engines against the backdrop of burgeoning commercial and sports aviation in the 1920s and 1930s. The following sections then describe the enforced air armament of Germany in the run-up to World War II, the efforts to increase aeroplane engine performance during the war, and the final stages of development towards the end of the era of large aeroplane engine construction in the late 1950s. (orig.) [German] Aus Anlass des hundertsten Jahrestages des Erstflugs der Gebrueder Wright wird hier die Entwicklungsgeschichte des Kolbenflugmotors beleuchtet. Dieser Teil 2 von drei Teilen widmet sich, mit dem Schwerpunkt auf der Situation in Deutschland, zunaechst der Entwicklung der Kolbenflugmotoren vor dem Hintergrund der aufkeimenden Verkehrs- und Sportfliegerei in den 1920er- und 1930er-Jahren. Anschliessend werden skizziert: die forcierte Luftruestung Deutschlands vor dem Zweiten Weltkrieg, die Anstrengungen zur Steigerung der Leistungsfaehigkeit von Flugmotoren waehrend des Krieges und die letzten Entwicklungsschritte bis zum Ende des Baus von Grossflugmotoren Ende der 1950er-Jahre. (orig.)

  17. Die meganies-fisiese eienskappe van die trabekulêre (kanselleuse been van die femurnek

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. H. van Papendorp

    1986-03-01

    Full Text Available Die drukspanning wat nodig is om die trabekulere been van die femurnek, by pasiente met femurnekfrakture, te laat swig, is 60% minder as die wat nodig is om dieselfde resultaat by pasiente met heuposteoartrose te verkry. Die kompressiesterkte van die trabekulere been toon ’n redelike korrelasie (r = 0,58 met die relatiewe digtheid van die been, ’n Analise van die helling van die spanning-vervormingkurwes en ’n bepaling van die elastisiteitsmodulus van die trabekulere been toon dat pasiente met femurnekfrakture se been 30 - 60% meer elasties is as die van pasiente met heuposteoartrose. Sowel die sterkte as die elastisiteit van die trabekulere been kan dus ’n rol in die evolusie van fermurnekfrakture speel.

  18. Multicultural Benefits and Challenges for International Students During Period of Their Study: Case Study in Malaysia

    OpenAIRE

    Ramli bin Basri, Baharak Talebloo

    2015-01-01

    Current researches on Internationalization claim “studying overseas” as a set of potential that assist the augmentation of “globalization”. This article presents the Multicultural Benefits and challenges for International Students during Period of their Study in university Putra Malaysia. Qualitative method and convenience sampling was applied. Semi-structured interview and in depth interviews were conducted on 20 postgraduate students from various fields of study. The result of study showed ...

  19. Multicultural Benefits and Challenges for International Students During Period of Their Study: Case Study in Malaysia

    OpenAIRE

    Ramli Bin Basri, Baharak Talebloo

    2015-01-01

    Current researches on internationalization claim €œstudying overseas€ as a set of potential that assist the augmentation of €œglobalization€. This article presents the Multicultural Benefits and challenges for International Students during Period of their Study in university Putra Malaysia. Qualitative method and convenience sampling was applied. Semi-structured interview and in depth interviews were conducted on 20 postgraduate students from various fields of study. The result of study sho...

  20. Openbaring, teologie en die regswetenskap

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Postma

    1970-03-01

    Full Text Available In die jongste tyd is telkens en weer gewaarsku teen die gevare van oorspesialisasie en die hipertrofie van professionalisme. Die gemis aan ’n totaliteitsvisie wat hiermee gepaard gaan, word dan ook tereg teengegaan en wel deur aan die Wysbegeerte as die Wetenskap van die totaliteit van die kosmos in toenemende mate sy regmatige plek as wetenskapsintegreerder te gun. Hierdie grootmoedige gun van ’n plek in die son van geleerdheid kan egter ook uit bedenklike motiewe plaasvind. Die vakwetenskaplike kan nie of wil nie die plek en betekenis van sy spesifieke vak bepaal en bepeins nie en vind dit in elk geval moeilik om die verband tussen Gods Woord en sy besondere vak in duidelike perspektief te sien; vandaar dan ’n grootmoedige toelaat dat die wysbegeerte die „veritas” dien terwyl die eie ek tevrede is om die „utilitas” onderdanig te wees.

  1. Nina Degele: Gender/Queer Studies. München: UTB Fink 2008. — Franziska Schößler: Einführung in die Gender Studies. Berlin: Akademie Verlag 2008

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heike Kahlert

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Nina Degele und Franziska Schößler treiben mit ihren Einführungsbüchern in die Gender Studies beziehungsweise in die Gender/Queer Studies die Disziplinierung dieser neuen Wissensfelder voran. Ausgehend von ihren jeweiligen Herkunftsdisziplinen (Soziologie und Literaturwissenschaft legen sie übersichtliche Überblicke vor, die explizit für die Hochschullehre konzipiert sind. Beide Bücher leisten einen wichtigen Beitrag zur Kanonisierung der Gender Studies als akademisches Fach, bleiben aber in ihrer Konzeption stark den Herkunftsdisziplinen ihrer Verfasserinnen verhaftet. Hier stößt die viel beschworene Interdisziplinarität der Gender Studies an ihre Grenzen.Nina Degele and Franziska Schößler promote the disciplinary establishment of new fields of knowledge with their introductory books in Gender Studies and Gender/Queer Studies. Using their individual home disciplines (sociology and literary studies as a starting point, they present clear overviews of these new fields of knowledge explicitly conceived for use in higher education. Both books contribute to the canonization of Gender Studies as an academic discipline, however they remain in their conception strongly attached to the home disciplines of their authors. It is here that the often-touted interdisciplinarity of Gender Studies reaches its limits.

  2. Energy Saving Melting and Revert Reduction Technology: Improved Die Casting Process to Preserve the Life of the Inserts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    David Schwam, PI; Xuejun Zhu, Sr. Research Associate

    2012-09-30

    The goal of this project was to study the combined effects of die design, proper internal cooling and efficient die lubricants on die life. The project targeted improvements in die casting insert life by: Optomized Die Design for Reduced Surface Temperature: The life of die casting dies is significantly shorter when the die is exposed to elevated temperature for significant periods of time. Any die operated under conditions leading to surface temperature in excess of 1050oF undergoes structural changes that reduce its strength. Optimized die design can improve die life significantly. This improvement can be accomplished by means of cooling lines, baffles and bubblers in the die. A key objective of the project was to establish criteria for the minimal distance of the cooling lines from the surface. This effort was supported with alloys and machining by BohlerUddeholm, Dunn Steel, HH Stark and Rex Buckeye. In plant testing and evaluation was conducted as in-kind cost share at St. Clair Die Casting. The Uddeholm Dievar steel evaluated in this program showed superior resistance to thermal fatigue resistance. Based on the experimental evidence, cooling lines could be placed as close as 0.5" from the surface. Die Life Extension by Optimized Die Lubrication: The life of die casting dies is affected by additions made to its surface with the proper lubricants. These lubricants will protect the surface from the considerable temperature peaks that occur when the molten melt enters the die. Dies will reach a significantly higher temperature without this lubricant being applied. The amount and type of the lubricant are critical variables in the die casting process. However, these lubricants must not corrode the die surface. This effort was supported with alloys and machining by BohlerUddeholm, Dunn Steel, HH Stark and Rex Buckeye. In plant testing and evaluation was conducted as in-kind cost share at St. Clair Die Casting. Chem- Trend participated in the program with die

  3. Die tug oor ampsdraers tydens die doleansie van 1886

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Visser

    1986-06-01

    Full Text Available In art 29 van die Nederlandse Geloofsbelydenis word bely: “Die merktekens om die ware Kerk te ken is die volgende: As die Kerk die suiwere prediking van die evangelie uitoefen, as dit die suiwer bediening van die sakramente gebruik soos Christus dit ingestel het, as die kerklike tug gebruik word om die sondes te straf.” Dit spreek vanself dat wanneer ampsdraers, aan wie Christus sy kudde toevertrou het (Hand 20 : 28, met leer en /of lewenswandel in sonde volhard en nie daarin met tug gestuit word nie, word die ware kerk nie gebou nie maar afgebreek. 0ns sal later in hierdie artikel aantoon hoedanig die suiwer tug oor ampsdraers, veral leertug, tydens die Doleansie tot skade van die kerk van Christus agterweë gebly het.

  4. Place of death in the population dying from diseases indicative of palliative care need: a cross-national population-level study in 14 countries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pivodic, Lara; Pardon, Koen; Morin, Lucas; Addington-Hall, Julia; Miccinesi, Guido; Cardenas-Turanzas, Marylou; Onwuteaka-Philipsen, Bregje; Naylor, Wayne; Ruiz Ramos, Miguel; Van den Block, Lieve; Wilson, Donna M; Loucka, Martin; Csikos, Agnes; Rhee, Yong Joo; Teno, Joan; Deliens, Luc; Houttekier, Dirk; Cohen, Joachim

    2016-01-01

    Studying where people die across countries can serve as an evidence base for health policy on end-of-life care. This study describes the place of death of people who died from diseases indicative of palliative care need in 14 countries, the association of place of death with cause of death, sociodemographic and healthcare availability characteristics in each country and the extent to which these characteristics explain country differences in the place of death. Death certificate data for all deaths in 2008 (age ≥1 year) in Belgium, Canada, the Czech Republic, England, France, Hungary, Italy, Mexico, the Netherlands, New Zealand, South Korea, Spain (Andalusia), the USA and Wales caused by cancer, heart/renal/liver failure, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, diseases of the nervous system or HIV/AIDS were linked with national or regional healthcare statistics (N=2,220,997). 13% (Canada) to 53% (Mexico) of people died at home and 25% (the Netherlands) to 85% (South Korea) died in hospital. The strength and direction of associations between home death and cause of death, sociodemographic and healthcare availability factors differed between countries. Differences between countries in home versus hospital death were only partly explained by differences in these factors. The large differences between countries in and beyond Europe in the place of death of people in potential need of palliative care are not entirely attributable to sociodemographic characteristics, cause of death or availability of healthcare resources, which suggests that countries' palliative and end-of-life care policies may influence where people die. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/

  5. How should we talk about palliative care, death and dying? A qualitative study exploring perspectives from caregivers of people with advanced cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Collins, Anna; McLachlan, Sue-Anne; Philip, Jennifer

    2017-12-01

    Health professionals commonly underestimate caregiver needs for information about palliative care, death and dying and may feel poorly prepared to discuss these issues. Few studies have sought caregiver perspectives of these communication practices. To explore caregiver perspectives on communication about death, dying and the introduction to palliative care, with a view towards a series of caregiver-informed recommendations for use in clinical practice. Cross-sectional, prospective, exploratory qualitative design, involving narrative-style interviews and underpinned by an interpretative phenomenological framework. Purposively sampled, English-speaking, adult caregivers of people with advanced cancer ( n = 25) recruited from cancer services at a tertiary metropolitan hospital in Melbourne, Australia. Caregivers reported wanting routinely available written resources about palliative care, supplemented by conversations that are ideally staged overtime. Education about the tasks of palliative care should be separated from referral process, allowing time for gradual adjustment, and re-visiting discussion to enable patients and families to take some control in the process of transition. Once death is imminent, carers wanted health professionals to clarify how much they want to know about the dying process; provide spoken acknowledgement when death is close; include the words 'death' and 'dying'; use direct language, avoiding euphemisms; and communicate about death with patient present. This study is among the first to directly address caregiver perspectives of communication about death, dying and the introduction to palliative care. The recommendations derived from caregiver perspectives build upon existing guidelines and offer health professionals some preliminary considerations around how to undertake these important communication tasks in future.

  6. DIE REALITEIT VAN TRANSKULTURELE VERPLEGING: 'n ETIESE PERSPEKTIEF

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martha J Oosthuizen

    2002-11-01

    Full Text Available Transkulturele verpleging verwys na die voorsiening van verpleegsorg aan pasiente wie se kulturele waardes, oortuigings en lewenswyse van die van die verpleegkundige verskil. Ten einde hulle etiese verpligting na te kom om sorg van hoogstaande gehalte aan aile pasiente te lewer, moet verpleegkundiges oor die nodige kennis beskik om oor kultuurgrense te verpleeg,Die doel met hierdie studie was om die mate waarin basiese, na-basiese en personeelontwikkelingsprogramme verpleegkundiges toerus om oor kultuurgrense te verpleeg en hul houdings jeens die kultureel-verskillende pasient te bepaal en om spesifieke probleme wat in die verpleging van die kultureel-verskillende pasient ervaar word, te identifiseer. Hierdie navorsing kan as kwantitatiewe navorsing geklassifiseer word, Data in hierdie beskrywende opnamenavorsing is deur mJddel van n vraelys ingesamel, Die navorsing is beperk tot geregistreerde verpleegkundiges in 'n akademiese hospitaal in Gauteng wat werksaam is in afdelings waar pasiente oomag, Aile geregistreerde verpleegkundiges wat aan hierdie vereiste voldoen het, het deel uitgemaak van die populasie, Hierdie metode het verseker dat respondente van al die kultuurgroepe wat in die hospitaal verteenwoordig is ingesluit is. 'n Totaal van 219 geregistreerde verpleegkundiges het vraelyste ontvang. Geen bestaande raelys was beskikbaar nie en die vraelys is deur die navorser ontwikkel. Die vraelys bestaan uit vyf afdelings wat biografiese besonderf7ede, vrae rakende respondente se basiese en na-registrasie opleiding, vrae oor professionele ondervinding, vrae oor respondente se houdings jeens kultureelverskillende pasiente en probleme in transkulturele verpleging insluil. Die verwerking van die data is gedoen met behulp van 'n program wat volgens die SAS-stelsel (Statistical Analysis System v: 6. 09 geskryf is. Daar is verder ook gebruik gemaak van die UNIX-stelsel vir die ontieding van enkele vrae. Data is verder verwerk met behulp van 'n

  7. DIE REALITEIT VAN TRANSKULTURELE VERPLEGING: 'n ETIESE PERSPEKTIEF

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martha J Oosthuizen

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Transkulturele verpleging verwys na die voorsiening van verpleegsorg aan pasiente wie se kulturele waardes, oortuigings en lewenswyse van die van die verpleegkundige verskil. Ten einde hulle etiese verpligting na te kom om sorg van hoogstaande gehalte aan aile pasiente te lewer, moet verpleegkundiges oor die nodige kennis beskik om oor kultuurgrense te verpleeg,Die doel met hierdie studie was om die mate waarin basiese, na-basiese en personeelontwikkelingsprogramme verpleegkundiges toerus om oor kultuurgrense te verpleeg en hul houdings jeens die kultureel-verskillende pasient te bepaal en om spesifieke probleme wat in die verpleging van die kultureel-verskillende pasient ervaar word, te identifiseer. Hierdie navorsing kan as kwantitatiewe navorsing geklassifiseer word, Data in hierdie beskrywende opnamenavorsing is deur mJddel van n vraelys ingesamel, Die navorsing is beperk tot geregistreerde verpleegkundiges in 'n akademiese hospitaal in Gauteng wat werksaam is in afdelings waar pasiente oomag, Aile geregistreerde verpleegkundiges wat aan hierdie vereiste voldoen het, het deel uitgemaak van die populasie, Hierdie metode het verseker dat respondente van al die kultuurgroepe wat in die hospitaal verteenwoordig is ingesluit is. 'n Totaal van 219 geregistreerde verpleegkundiges het vraelyste ontvang. Geen bestaande raelys was beskikbaar nie en die vraelys is deur die navorser ontwikkel. Die vraelys bestaan uit vyf afdelings wat biografiese besonderf7ede, vrae rakende respondente se basiese en na-registrasie opleiding, vrae oor professionele ondervinding, vrae oor respondente se houdings jeens kultureelverskillende pasiente en probleme in transkulturele verpleging insluil. Die verwerking van die data is gedoen met behulp van 'n program wat volgens die SAS-stelsel (Statistical Analysis System v: 6. 09 geskryf is. Daar is verder ook gebruik gemaak van die UNIX-stelsel vir die ontieding van enkele vrae. Data is verder verwerk met behulp van 'n

  8. Die historiese Jesus as wondenverker

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    vierde en vyfde eeu dateer. Die Christelike magie-papiri in die versameling kom hoofsaaklik uit die vyfde en sesde eeu. In die nie-Christelike magie-papiri hang die effektiwiteit af van die veelvuldige goddelike name wat aangeroep word: Adonai, lao. Psyche, Eros, Osiris, Isis, Anubis, Re, Hermes, Zeus, Helios, Selene, Kore ...

  9. Die kognitiewe, persoonlikheids- en belangstellingsprofiele van homogene klasse, gevorm aan die hand van die jung-persoonlikheidsvraelys

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. A. Carstens

    1991-06-01

    Full Text Available The cognitive, personality and interest profiles of homogeneous classes formed with reference to the Jung Personality Questionnaire. The principal aim of the study was to determine whether individuals can be classified into natural classes according to the dimensions of the Jung Personality Questionnaire (JPQ, viz. introversionextraversion, feeling-thinking, intuition-sensing and perception-judging. Five clusters were obtained by means of a cluster analysis. Multivariate analysis of variance revealed statistically significant differences between the obtained clusters in terms of the mean vectors of scores from the Senior Aptitude Test (SAT, the Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire (16-PF and the 19 Field Interest Inventory (19-FII. One-way analysis of variance was used to test the differences amongst the five clusters in terms of the above mentioned mean scores. Statistically significant results were obtained. Opsomming Die hoofdoel van die studie was om die teorie van Jung te gebruik ten einde vas te stel of persone in natuurlike klasse ingedeel kan word aan die hand van die vier bipolere persoonlikheidsdimensies van die Jung- persoonlikheidsvraelys (JPV, naamlik introversie- ekstraversie, gevoel-denke, intuisie-waarneming en persepsiebeoordeling. Deur middel van bondelontleding is vyf bondels verkry en met behulp van meerveranderlike variansieontleding is vasgestel dat die bondels statistics beduidend van mekaar verskil ten opsigte van die vektore van gemiddeldes van die Senior Aanlegtoets (SAT, die Sestien-persoonlikheidsfaktorvraelys (16-PF, en die Negentienveld-belangstellingsvraelys (19-VBV. Die verskille tussen bondels ten opsigte van die bogemelde tellings, is deur middel van eenrigting-variansieontleding ondersoek en statistics beduidende resultate is verkry.

  10. Ontsporing van die regstaatsbegrip en sy konsekwensies vir die afrikanervolk

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. G.S. Van der Walt

    1966-03-01

    Full Text Available Die opvatting van die suiwere regstaat bring sy vraagstukke mee wanneer dit in verband gebring word met die leer van die soewereiniteit in eie kring. Laasgenoemde leer wortel in die geloof dat God die mens roep tot diens aan Hom, en dat die mens vry moet wees om ten opsigte van alle lewensaspekte God na die hoogste mate te kan dien. Hierdie verskeidenheid van aspekte is deur dr. A. Kuyper en sy volgelinge gesistemati- seer tot menslike verbande en lewenskringe, elk met ’n be- paalde sfeer waarin ander kringe nie mag inmeng nie. Elkeen is dan soewerein binne sy eie kring. Met verwysing na die staat is dan gespreek van die staatstaak as synde die hand- hawing van die reg, en omdat die staat in toenemende mate hom veral in die latere tyd ook besig gehou het met bedrywig- hede wat nouliks as van juridiese aard beskou kan word, is daar die onderskeid gemaak tussen die primêre en sekundêre taak van die staat. Die sistematiek van die wetsidee, deur prof. Dooyeweerd ontwikkel, waar die staat sy bestemmingsfunksie in die regsaspek vind, het vanselfsprekend geen plek vir so 'n dualistiese staatstaak nie, en die oplossing is deur sommige daarin gesoek om sulke staatsoptrede te vertolk as hebbende wel betrekking op die regsgemeenskap of die regsverkeer. Staatsondernemings soos paaie, spoorweë, spellingreëling, ens. word dan beskou as noodsaaklik vir die instandhouding van die regsgemeenskap en regsverkeer. Tereg wys A. M. Donner1 daarop dat so ’n vertolking eintlik neerkom op ’n oorspanning van die regsbegrip. Hy self sien dan die staatstaak in vrede- of orde-handhawing, wat in die eerste plaas wel regshandha- wing veronderstel. Onder orde word dan alles verstaan wat noodsaaklik is vir die gladde verkeer in die ontwikkelingsgang van die regsgemeenskap. Die wese van die staat het dan vol- gens hom te doen met reg, maar sy taak is meer as suiwere regshandhawing. Wat onrus verwek en die orde versteur, moet uit die openbare lewe verwyder word, en die

  11. DIE GELOFTEKERK. Woorc/ ^oora/.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Test

    mus Smit dit in haar dagboek noem, en wat deur Landdros J. P.. Zietsman in n brief aan die Volksraad op 31 ... Daarom het landdros J. P. Zietsman op 28 Maart 1840 aan die Volksraad as volg geskryf^):. W elEdele .... The Diary of Dr. Andrew Smith 1834-1836 (V.R.S. 20). bis. 149, waar die skrywer verhaal hoe hy op 30 ...

  12. Die Problematik des Pauschalurteils

    OpenAIRE

    Hansen, Klaus P.

    2009-01-01

    Klaus P. Hansen betont in seinem Beitrag über die "Problematik des Pauschalurteils", dass sich Verallgemeinerungen über ein Kollektiv nur auf die partiellen Gemeinsamkeiten dieser Gruppe, nicht aber auf Individuen beziehen dürfen. Der Kulturtheoretiker erinnert an die menschliche Multikollektivität, plädiert für eine dichte Zuschreibung beobachteter Merkmale zu einzelnen Gruppenmitgliedschaften und entwirft eine Typologie unterschiedlicher Kollektivformen. Nationen konzipiert er als Dachkolle...

  13. Die ekonomiese impak van belasting op mynwater in Suid-Afrika

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacolien Steyn

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Waterbesoedeling deur myne is ’n groot probleem in Suid-Afrika. Hierdie studie ondersoek die bydrae wat ’n bykomende belasting op die mynwese kan lewer. In die verlede is aandag aan die stygende vraag na waterhulpbronne deur middel van aanbodkantmeganismes gegee. Myne is die grootste besoedelaar van drinkwater in Suid-Afrika en die vraag is of dit steeds die aangewese manier is om die probleem te probeer oplos. Hierdie studie stel voor dat die owerheid eerder ’n bykomende belasting op myne behoort te hef en ondersoek dan wat die uitwerking daarvan op die vraag na water sal wees, sowel as op besoedeling, en watter effek dit op die land se ekonomie, die onderskeie nywerheidsektore en verbruikers sal hê, en in besonder op die heel armes van die bevolking. Dié navorsing het gevorderde ekonomies algemene ewewigsmodellering gebruik om die probleem empiries te ondersoek. Die resultate van die model is beduidend vir die scenario’s wat bestudeer is, beide op die kort en die lang termyn. Daar is bevind dat ’n bykomende belastingheffing op die verbruik van water deur myne wel die gewenste resultate sal lewer, met min negatiewe gevolge vir die bedryf en die land as geheel.

  14. Analise van die Tswanaraaisel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. A. Swanepoel

    1984-05-01

    Full Text Available ’n Strukturele, stilistiese en funksionele bcskrywing van die Twanaraaisel bring mee dat daar aan die volgende aspekte aandag gegee moet word: •\tWat is ’n raaisel en lioe word dit in Tswana genoem. •\tTot watter studiegebied en literere genre hoort die raaisel en watter subvorme kan vir Tswana onderskei word. •\tHoe sien die struktuur van Tswanaraaisels daar uit. •\tDeur wie, waar, wanneer en hoe word Tswanaraaisels voorgedra. •\tWatter stilistiese kenmcrke kan in Tswanaraaisels onderskei word. •\tWatter funksies vervul raaisels in ’n Tswanagcmeenskap.

  15. Die brein soos beskou deur die Grieke en Romeine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francois P. Retief

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available In Ou Egipte is mummifikasie met uitgebreide reseksie of uitsnyding van organe geassosieer, maar geen kennis is geneem van die morfologie van die brein nie. Griekse skrywers van die sesde en vyfde eeue v.C. het die brein aanvanklik gesien as die setel van intelligensie, die orgaan van sensoriese waarneming en gedeeltelik die oorsprong van sperma. Pneuma het ’n belangrike rol in breinfunksie gespeel. Hippokrates was die eerste om die brein te beskryf as ’n dubbele orgaan, wat met harsingvlies (meninges bedek, funksioneel van pneuma afhanklik en vertolker van begrip is. Tydgenote soos Plato, Aristoteles en Diokles het tot die beskrywing bygedra, maar laasgenoemde twee het beweer dat die hart die middelpunt van intelligensie is en nie die brein nie. Gedurende die laaste helfte van die vierde eeu v.C. is disseksie van die menslike liggaam tydelik aan die mediese skool van Alexandrië toegelaat en het dit tot merkwaardige vooruitgang in die begrip van die menslike anatomie en fisiologie gelei. Herofilus en Erasistratus het uitstekende beskrywings van die struktuur en funksie van die brein gegee wat eers in die tweede eeu n.C. deur Galenus geëwenaar is.

  16. n skriftuurlike maksimum-minimum vir die ekklesiologie

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    24 Mrt. 2017 ... Die gewoonte om die vordering, al dan nie, van 'n instansie te meet aan die tel van koppe soos in die partypolitiek gedoen .... to an institution ... [a]ny attempt to study the development of. Christian theories of the church must begin with the origins of the community of faith, described in the Bible, … (p. 391).

  17. Noodlottige kindermishandeling: 'n literatuuroorsig en die profiel in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ens-)lykshuis, Bloemfontein, geïdentifiseer. Hierdie sterftes se verslae is vir gevalle van noodlottige kindermishandeling geëvalueer. Irrelevante verslae is geëlimineer .... Die doel van die studie was om die demografiese en beseringsprofiel vas te stel van die slagoffers van noodlot- tige kindermishandeling wat tien jaar.

  18. HERMIE C. VAN ZYL: NUWE-TESTAMENTIKUS AAN DIE ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Van Zyl lewer ook 'n bydrae tot die hoogs komplekse saak van sinopsissamestelling. Tydens 'n navorsingsverblyf in 1996 aan die. Katholieke Universiteit in Leuven, België, doen hy 'n indringende studie van die hermeneutiese aspekte van sinopsissamestelling, en begin hy met die samestelling van 'n sinopsis in Afrikaans.

  19. Optimalisering van die omskakeling van matrieksimbole vir ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Erna Kinsey

    die gevolglike matrieksimboolpunttotaal (MST) aangetref. Die geldig- heid van matriekprestasie as voorspeller van universiteitsprestasie word dan gewoonlik ondersoek deur die MST met die gemiddelde van die persentasiepunte oor die gekose universiteitsvakke in die eerste akademiese semester of jaar te korreleer.

  20. Outobiografie as hermeneutiek van die self: Van Rousseau tot Le Clézio

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elisabeth Snyman

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Hierdie artikel ondersoek die hipotese dat outobiografie as ’n soort hermeneutiek van die self beskou kan word. Vir hierdie doel word ’n seleksie van Franse outobiografieë behandel. Aangesien hierdie studie ’n verwerking van ’n intreerede is, is dit oorsigtelik van aard en poog dit nie om ’n gedetailleerde ontleding van óf die teorie óf die tekste waarna verwys word, te gee nie. Jean-Jacques Rousseau se Confessions, wat allerweë as een van die hoekstene van die moderne outobiografie beskou word, is as vertrekpunt gebruik vir die interpretasie van verstaanshandelinge ingebed in outobiografiese tekste. Die artikel toon voorts aan hoe die skrywers van die res van die korpus op verskillende wyses Rousseau se historiese model bevraagteken in aansluiting by nuwer denkwyses. So word daar aangetoon dat George Perec die historiese model laat vaar om eerder tekens uit die verlede te ontsyfer; dat Nathalie Sarraute die gedagte van die verdeelde subjek van die Nuwe Roman kombineer met haar konsep van tropismes om ’n deurleefde weergawe van haar kinderjare te skep; en dat Roland Barthes die aanname dat taal ’n medium van uitdrukking van subjektiwiteit kan wees, problematiseer om ’n ‘anti-outobiografie’ te skryf. Voorts is aangetoon hoe Marguerite Yourcenar wegbreek van die antropomorfisme van die humanisme om die weg te baan vir die besef dat die teenwoordigheid van die Ander die uitleg van die self ten diepste bepaal. Laastens word die etiek van die Ander in interkulturele ontmoetings, soos geboekstaaf in die outobiografieë van Ken Bugul en Jean-Marie Le Clézio, ondersoek. Die artikel toon aan hoe literêr-filosofiese tendense die gedagte van singewing en interpretasie van die persoonlike verlede en gevolglik die aard van outobiografie vanaf die agtiende eeu beïnvloed het.

  1. Die rol van die US se Departement Afrikaans en Nederlands in die ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    user

    Opsomming: Hierdie artikel stel ondersoek in na die rol van die Universiteit Stellenbosch se. Departement Afrikaans en Nederlands in die ontwikkeling van die Afrikaanse leksikografie deur hulle betrokkenheid by twee verklarende standaardwoordeboeke, te wete die Verklarende Hand- woordeboek van die Afrikaanse ...

  2. die pers as bron oor die geskiedenis van die eerste vrydeidsoorlog

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hy was in die kamp by kaptein Roberts toe van die soldate wat teruggeval het, by die kamp aangekom het. Kaptein Roberts het die soldate nog ammunisie aangebied wat die soldate van die hand gewys het daar hulle nag genoeg rondtes gehad het. ... De Express, De Vriend van de Souwereiniteit en. Bloemfonteinsche.

  3. A. Selms DIE TEOLOGIE VAN DIE WOORD EN DIE FIGUUR VAN ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Test

    deur Thomas Aquinas. Onder invloed van Augustinus vind ons by. Thomas eweeens 'n sterk beklemtoning van die genade, en sien hy die verhouding tussen God en mens van God af bepaal, maar die terminologie waarmee hy uitdrukking gee aan sy opvatting is die van die Axistoteliese metafisika, en met die terminologie ...

  4. Die invloed van liggaamsparameters op die reproduksieprestasie ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Body size (wither height, wither to ischium length, chest width, depth and circumference) was determined at the commencement of the .... Ooie in die drie groepe is in groepe gevoer teen verskillende voedingspeile oor 'n ..... ovulation rate and wool growth responses of light and heavy ewes to differential feeding. N. Z. J.

  5. DIE PROBLEMATIEK IN DIE NAVORSING VAN KONTEMPORERE ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    10 Okt 1992 ... lematic. The writer suggeststhat a general amnesty for soldiers, increased flexibility with regard to security and the closer .... van sekere tipes bronne. PROBLEMA TIEK. BEKOMBAARHEID. VAN DOKUMENTE. Aile dokumente wat deur die staats- diens gebruik word isargiewe. Volgens wet word dokumente.

  6. Die Amphibien und Reptilien

    OpenAIRE

    Braumann, Fred

    2014-01-01

    Obgleich die Zeiten, "... in denen der einsame Wanderer von Adter (Otter) Geziesche erschreckte ... " seit Riedel nunmehr 200 Jahre zurückliegen, weist der Drömling heute mit 13 Amphibien- und 4 Reptilienarten noch eine relativ reiche Herpetofauna auf. Besonders die individuenreichen Populationen der Rote Liste-Arten Kreuzkröte, Laubfrosch und Ringelnatter besitzen dabei landesweite Bedeutung.

  7. calvyn oor die leiding van die heilige gees in die verklaring van die ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    seellant et imprimans les promesses de salut en noz cueurs.5. 4 Bedienaar: Ontvang ons geloof uit onsself, of ontvang ons dit van God? Kind: Die. Skrif leer dat dit 'n besondere gawe van God is, en ervaring bevestig dit (CO 6,45). 5 Bedienaar: Wat bedoel jy daarmee? Kind: Ons begrip is te verdorwe om die geeste-.

  8. Die Bilder zum Text

    OpenAIRE

    Loesch, Perk

    2007-01-01

    Die ebenso glückliche, wie schöne und wertvolle Erwerbung einer Handschrift von Wilhelm Dilich (1571/72-1650) für die Handschriftensammlung der SLUB gibt Veranlassung, nicht allein diese Handschrift vorzustellen, sondern auch an ihren Verfasser zu erinnern, dessen Wirken gleichermaßen mit Hessen und Sachsen verbunden ist.

  9. Die woord vra kontak

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    need for general recognition of the interdisciplinary nature of modem lexico- graphical work and for a genuine will to cooperate.''! Vir sover hierdie same- werking implikasiesinhou vir die leksikografiese bedryf, moet dit aanbod kom in die AFRILEX-reeks. R.R.K. Hartmann, daardie produktiewe en goed ingeligte skrywer en.

  10. GODSBEELDE IN DIE LITURGIE

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    15 Mei 2010 ... 283−301, JCB Mohr,. Tübingen. Strydom, W.M.L., 1994, Liturgie en lied: 'Sing Nuwe Sange,. Nuutgebore', NG Sendingpers, Bloemfontein. Van Heerden, E., 1987, Amulet teen die vuur, Tafelberg, Kaapstad. Vos, C.J.A., 1995, Die blye tyding, RGN Uitgewers, Pretoria. Vos, C.J.A., 2005, Theopoetry of the ...

  11. Die entwicklung, die metamorphose, die entstehung: Die konzepte des organismus von Aristoteles bis Darwin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kamerer Eva

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available (nemački In diesem Aufsatz versuche ich, die Elemente verschiedener Konzepte des Organismus in der Philosophie und in der Wissenschaft zu analysieren. Die Deutungen des Organismus und der Einheit der Natur bei Aristoteles, Kant und Goethe werden als ein Beispiel der Bewegung von einem finalistischen zum antifinalistischen Bild der Natur verstanden.

  12. Dying and 'euthanasia'.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benatar, S R

    1992-07-01

    Medical progress, secularisation of life, growing acceptance of individual human rights (including the right to refuse medical treatment) and of shared decision-making in medicine have focused public attention on the ways in which life may, and perhaps even ought to, be allowed to end in our complex modern era. Intense and thoughtful bio-ethical debate over many years has 'unpacked' the many different understandings and interpretations of the word euthanasia. The consequent conceptual clarification together with recognition and acknowledgement of psychological implications has facilitated a growing rational consensus on openly accepting the withholding and withdrawing of treatment (under defined conditions) within the realm of sound medical practice. This is clearly distinct from assisted suicide and active euthanasia which are generally considered unacceptable perversions of medical practice. Given the ability to sustain life for prolonged periods, often in a permanent state of unconsciousness, the unrealistic expectations of some medical personnel and the lay public, the severe constraints on health care facilities in South Africa and the totally inadequate allocation of resources for highly effective medical treatments, it is appropriate to re-open public debate on the limits of 'striving officiously to keep alive' and on the distinction between 'allowing to die' and 'killing'. Concern that 'rational' arguments reflect moral decay rather than moral progress keeps the debate open and focuses attention on some 'slippery slope' consequences.

  13. Latyn en die eenheid en verskeidenheid van die romaanse tale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. J.H. du Plessis

    1985-05-01

    Full Text Available Met die afsterwe van die biskop van Avignon in 561 het die koning van die Franke, Clotharius die eerste, die vakante pos aan ’n Paryse priester aangebied. Laasgenoemde het die aanbod egter vriendelik maar ferm van die hand gewys. As rede het hy sy onkunde en veral sy gebrekkige kennis van korrekte Latyn aangevoer, waar hy in Avignon verplig sou wees om onder geleerdes te beweeg wat ’n suiwerder vorm van Latyn sou praat. Hierdie anekdote wat vir ons vertel word deur Gregorius van Tours in sy Geskiedenis van die Franke dui reeds op die duidelik waarneembare verskil in die kultuur en taal in die Suidelike en Noordelike dele van die sesde eeuse Gallië (Gregorius Turonensis, 1951:6.9.

  14. Rationalization of Periodical Holdings: A Case Study at Chalmers University Library.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fjallbrant, Nancy

    1984-01-01

    Describes study of periodical use in medium-sized university of technology which examined use of individual periodicals in relation to language of publication; patterns of use for interlibrary lending and for multiple copy journals; methods and costs for acquiring infrequently used periodicals. Thirty-three references and most frequently used…

  15. Feasibility study for new ecolabels for the product group: Wood pellet firings. Final report; Machbarkeitsstudie fuer neue Umweltzeichen fuer die Produktgruppe: Holzpelletfeuerungen. Endbericht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hoffmann, E.; Weiss, J.; Hirschl, B.

    2002-07-01

    This assessment is a feasibility study according to ISO 14024. It deals with the question whether an ecolabel is suitable for wood pellet heating systems and how concrete criteria for an ecolabel for wood pellet heating plants could be specified. The study begins with a comprehensive market analysis in order to identify possible plants for which an ecolabel would make sense. In the main part of the study, the environmental relevance of the chosen plants is analysed. For this analysis, plant manufacturers were interviewed and a comparison between wood pellet heating systems and heating systems which use gas, oil or wood was carried out. On the basis of this analysis, it was possible to derive a number of criteria which were discussed with company representatives and other experts in this field. As a result of this dialogue and the investigation process as a whole, the introduction of an ecolabel for wood pellet heating plants can be recommended. Wood pellet heating systems are characterized by their high level of automatation and the use of standardized fuels with constant high quality. Thus, they reach high combustion quality with low emission rates, and risks of misuse are minimized. They may contribute to the increased use of renewable energies and thereby to the achievement of climate protection goals. The proposed certification principles comprise requirements regarding (a) the efficient energy use (efficiency factor under partial load and nominal load, plant's supplementary energy consumption), (b) emission values for CO, NO{sub x}, dust and organic substances, (c) the offer of additional services, as well as (d) requirements with regard to the operating instructions. The transcription of the label is proposed as 'Ecolabel.. because low emission and energy-efficient'. (orig.) [German] Beim vorliegenden Gutachten handelt es sich um eine Machbarkeitsstudie nach ISO 14024. Es behandelt die Frage, ob ein Umweltzeichen fuer Holzpelletfeuerungen

  16. A mobile hospice nurse teaching team's experience: training care workers in spiritual and existential care for the dying - a qualitative study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tornøe, Kirsten; Danbolt, Lars Johan; Kvigne, Kari; Sørlie, Venke

    2015-09-18

    Nursing home and home care nursing staff must increasingly deal with palliative care challenges, due to cost cutting in specialized health care. Research indicates that a significant number of dying patients long for adequate spiritual and existential care. Several studies show that this is often a source of anxiety for care workers. Teaching care workers to alleviate dying patients' spiritual and existential suffering is therefore important. The aim of this study is to illuminate a pioneering Norwegian mobile hospice nurse teaching team's experience with teaching and training care workers in spiritual and existential care for the dying in nursing homes and home care settings. The team of expert hospice nurses participated in a focus group interview. Data were analyzed using a phenomenological hermeneutical method. The mobile teaching team taught care workers to identify spiritual and existential suffering, initiate existential and spiritual conversations and convey consolation through active presencing and silence. The team members transferred their personal spiritual and existential care knowledge through situated "bedside teaching" and reflective dialogues. "The mobile teaching team perceived that the care workers benefitted from the situated teaching because they observed that care workers became more courageous in addressing dying patients' spiritual and existential suffering. Educational research supports these results. Studies show that efficient workplace teaching schemes allowexpert practitioners to teach staff to integrate several different knowledge forms and skills, applying a holisticknowledge approach. One of the features of workplace learning is that expert nurses are able to guide novices through the complexities of practice. Situated learning is therefore central for becoming proficient. Situated bedside teaching provided by expert mobile hospice nurses may be an efficient way to develop care workers' courage and competency to provide spiritual and

  17. Die pastorale begeleiding van predikante van die Nederduitse ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    21 Jan 2013 ... Die tughandeling en pastorale begeleiding. 16. Hoe belangrik dink u is die volgende vereistes ten opsigte van die pastoraat tydens die tughandeling. Gebruik die volgende skaal: 1 = Onbelangrik; 2 =Redelik belangrik;. 3 = Nie baie belangrik, maar ook nie onbelangrik nie; 4 = Belangrik; 5 = Uiters belangrik.

  18. Die teologiese debat: Die waarde of betekenis daarvan

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    'n gemeenskaplike waarheid te kom, nogal betreklik. In 'n poging om 'n paar groot lyne te trek oor hierdie saak, kan die volgende by wyse van oorsig en inleiding na vore gebring word. 2. lETSOORDffiAARDVANDIETEOLOGIE. Voordat iets oor die debat in die teologie gesê word, is dit tog nodig om die aard van die teologie ...

  19. Die ontmaskering van die bose: Eksegetiese perspektiewe op ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    p1243322

    sewentiende / agtiende eeuse Engelse skrywer van die befaamde verhaal Robinson Crusoe. Hy was ook die skrywer van 'n aanvanklik anonieme pamflet The Shortest Way with the. Dissenters. In die werk vra hy skynbaar vir 'n genadelose hantering en uitwissing van die opponente (dissenters) van die Anglikaanse kerk, ...

  20. die ouderling in twee kerkordes in die dordtse tradisie

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    'n koning en 'n nederige pion. Die teendeel is waar. Noordmans wys op die ironie dat die “eenvoudige” ouderling die “magtige” pous – in Roomse terme – kon skaakmat sit. Dit was by Calvyn moontlik omdat dit in 'n kerk nie om feilbare menslike mag of status gaan nie, maar die outoriteit en status van Christus deur Sy ...

  1. Enkele aspekte van kerklike dissipline uit die Kerkorde van die ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    p1243322

    1989:431). Die appèlartikel staan in die Kerkorde van die Sinode van. Dordrecht 1578 as Artikel 19 en word in die Kerkorde van Middelburg 1581 en daarna, gekombineer met Artikel 23 wat by Dordrecht 1578 nog 'n afsonderlike plek inneem. Laasgenoemde Artikel handel daaroor dat die meerderheid stemme bindend sal ...

  2. Alternatiewe vir die huwelik in die huidige permissiewe maatskappy?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. C. Barnard

    1980-08-01

    Full Text Available Die wereld het op elke terrein onherkenbaar verander Die mens se kennis en vermoe op elke terrein van die lewe, het onvoorstelbaar toegeneem. Hy kom in 'n posisie dat hy meen hy weet alles, kan alles deurvors en alles doen. Daarmee het die magtige mens in die sentrum van alles te staan gekom.

  3. Die konteks vir die keuse van geriefsvoedsel van bepaalde ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Seugnet

    Dis maar die gewone rys, vleis, aartappels, pampoen en boontjies. As sy hoender berei het, sal ek 'n sousie maak.” Die feit dat 'n huiswerker die voorafbereiding van die maaltyd behartig, verklaar moontlik waarom hierdie deelnemers geredelik vars produkte aankoop vir hoof- maaltye gedurende die week, maar ook ...

  4. Vertellersperspektief en die 'temporele' funksie van die Ou ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... 1969b) het in twee afsonderlike artikels, respektiewelik oor die kruisiging en die opstanding, oortuigend aange- toon dat die 'Wende der Zeit' op hierdie punt in die Matteus-evangelie plaasvind (vgl ook Meier 1975: 207). Hy skryf in die eerste artikel: 'Dieser Text (27, 51 ff.) ist hochst bemerkenswert. Der Tod Jesu bewirkt.

  5. Die funksie van die ^danksegging(s)' in 1 Tessalonisense

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    word die leser vir sy goeie daad bedank. Wanneer die 'danksegging(s)' in 1 Tessalonisense ontleed word, word dit duidelik dat dit nie aan hierdie reëls vir 'n danksegging voldoen nie. Alhoewel die drie. 'dankseggingsgedeeltes' 'n taalhandeling is waarin die geenkodeerde outeur sy dank uitspreek, kan die betrokke ...

  6. Die funksie van die ^danksegging(s)' in 1 Tessalonisense

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    die besonder van 1 Tessalonisense 2:13-16, gee Schmidt (1983:269-279), Pearson. (1971:79-94), Best ...... exigence which can be completely or partially removed if discourse, introduced into .... The form critical study of Paul's letters: 1 Thessalonians as a ... Toward an interactional model for the analysis of letters. Neo-.

  7. Leistet die biologische Landwirtschaft einen Beitrag zur Resilienz landwirtschaftlicher Familienbetriebe?

    OpenAIRE

    Strauss, Agnes; Darnhofer, Ika

    2015-01-01

    Da der biologischen Landwirtschaft ein ganzheitliches, systemisches Verständnis des Betriebes zugrunde liegt, erscheint sie besonders geeignet die Resilienz der Betriebe zu stärken. Es gibt jedoch wenig empirische Hinweise ob (und wenn ja, wie) die biologische Landwirtschaft die Resilienz der Betriebe in der Praxis beeinflusst. In diesem Beitrag wird der Einfluss der biologischen Landwirtschaft auf die Resilienz von Familienbetrieben, anhand vier Faktoren analysiert. Die Studie zeigt, dass di...

  8. Leerteoretiese basis van die andragogie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. J. A. Simpson

    1991-06-01

    Full Text Available Learning theory basis of andragogy. A cursory glance at andragogy creates the impression that humanistic learning theory plays an all encompassing role in the learner centered approach andragogy espouses. A closer look, however, reveals that Knowles (1973, after having made an intensive study of learning theory, created an extensive framework within which human resource development can take place. The fact that Knowles attracted critique from different areas, led to a need to ascertain the role different learning theories, if any, played in the emergence of andragogy. Having looked at the assumptions displayed by the andragogical approach, as well as a comparison of different learning theories and their connection with andragogy, it became clear that andragogy contains elements of various learning theories in an adapted way. These adaptations resulted in an approach to adult education in which learners are given the opportunity to be part of the learning process in such a way that they themselves contribute to the development which takes place. Opsomming Met 'n eerste oogopslag wil dit voorkom asof humanistiese leerteorie 'n oorheersende rol in die leerdergesentreerde benadering van andragogie speel. By nadere ondersoek blyk dit egter dat Knowles (1973, na 'n deeglike studie van verskillende leerteoretiese beginsels, 'n omvangryke raamwerk geskep het waarbinne, aan die hand van verskeie aangepaste leerteoretiese beginsels, menslike hulpbronontwikkeling kan plaasvind. As gevolg van die feit dat Knowles vanuit verskillende oorde kritiek op die lyf geloop het, is besluit om die rol wat verskillende leerteorieë in andragogie speel, te bestudeer. Dit blyk dat andragogie nie net elemente van verskillende leerteorieë bevat nie, maar dat toepaslike aspekte van die teoriee wat ondersoek is, benut en aangepas is om 'n geintegreerde benadering te bewerkstellig waarin veral volwassene-leerders by leergeleenthede en hulle selfontwikkeling betrek word.

  9. Statues Also Die

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pierre-Philippe Fraiture

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available “African thinking,” “African thought,” and “African philosophy.” These phrases are often used indiscriminately to refer to intellectual activities in and/or about Africa. This large field, which sits at the crossroads between analytic philosophy, continental thought, political philosophy and even linguistics is apparently limitless in its ability to submit the object “Africa” to a multiplicity of disciplinary approaches. This absence of limits has far-reaching historical origins. Indeed it needs to be understood as a legacy of the period leading to African independence and to the context in which African philosophy emerged not so much as a discipline as a point of departure to think colonial strictures and the constraints of colonial modes of thinking. That the first (self-appointed exponents of African philosophy were Westerners speaks volumes. Placide Tempels but also some of his predecessors such as Paul Radin (Primitive Man as Philosopher, 1927 and Vernon Brelsford (Primitive Philosophy, 1935 were the first scholars to envisage this extension of philosophy into the realm of the African “primitive.” The material explored in this article – Statues Also Die (Marker, Resnais, and Cloquet, Bantu Philosophy (Tempels, The Cultural Unity of Negro Africa (Cheikh Anta Diop, and It For Others (Duncan Campbell - resonates with this initial gesture but also with the ambition on part of African philosophers such as VY Mudimbe to challenge the limits of a discipline shaped by late colonialism and then subsequently recaptured by ethnophilosophers. Statues Also Die is thus used here as a text to appraise the limitations of African philosophy at an early stage.  The term “stage,” however, is purely arbitrary and the work of African philosophers has since the 1950s often been absorbed by an effort to retrieve African philosophizing practices before, or away from, the colonial matrix. This activity has gained momentum and has been

  10. Voorspelling van die akademiese sukses van eerstejaarstudente

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. M. Rademeyer

    1998-06-01

    Full Text Available Prediction of academic success of first year students. The recent amalgamation of the various regional education systems in South Africa and as a result/ the restructuring of the education dispensation, led to a number of problems which impacted negatively on the examination process. Against this backdrop, the present study attempted to find a valid altermative for matric marks as a predictor of academic success. Multiple regression analyses and canonical discriminant analyses were performed to construct a comprehensive model, which can be used to predict the academic achievement of students, and serve as an alternative for matric marks. Regression analyses with average exam mark as criterion were performed on the data of the three largest faculties. Multiple correlations of 0,59, 0,56 and 0,52 were obtained. Discriminant analyses were done against a promotion criterion (promoted,not promoted, for each of the faculties. According to the results of the discriminant analyses the percentage correct classifications varied from 62,7% to 81,1%. Opsomming Die onlangse samesmelting van die onderskeie streeksonderwysstelsels in Suid-Afrika en die gevolglike herstrukturering van die onderwys, het sy eie kwota probleme opgelewer wat 'n negatiewe impak op matriekeksaminering gehad het. Teen hierdie agtergrond het die huidige studie gepoog om 'n geldige alternatief vir matriekpunte as voorspeller van akademiese prestasie te vind. Meervoudige regressie-ontledings asook kanoniese diskriminantontledings is op die datastel uitgevoer ten einde 'n omvattende model daar te stel waarmee die akademiese prcstasie van studente voorspel kan word, en wat as plaasvervanger vir matriekpunte kan dien. regressie- ontledings vir die drie grootste fakulteite is gedoen met die gemiddelde eksamenpunt as kriterium. Meervoudige korrelasies van 0,59, 0,56 en 0,52 is verkry. Diskriminantontledings is vir elke fakulteit teenoor 'n promosiekriterium (promoveer/nie-promo-veer uitgevoer

  11. Die owerheidsinmenging met betrekking tot kerklike tughandelinge.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. Roeleveld

    1982-06-01

    Full Text Available Volgens art 29 NGB is die merktekens van die ware kerk die suiwere prediking van die Evangelie, die suiwere bediening van die Sakramente en die gebruik van die kerklike tug. Art. 32 NGB spreek uit dat die Kerkorde nie mag afwyk van wat Christus ingestel het nie. Menslike vindinge en wette om die gewetens te bind en te dwing, moet daarom verwerp word. Die ekskommunikasie of die ban moet toegepas word volgens die Woord van God.

  12. -Die leksikografiese hantering van woordgroepstamme

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    buite die behandelingsterrein van die heersende leksikografiese praktyk val. Ondanks hierdie implikasies hoef die ~~ntering van woordgroepstamme nie vir die leksikograaf problema ties te wees nie. Die Afrikaanse leksikon bevat 'n relatief klein aantal woordgroepstamme. Hulle sal nie 'n beduidende deel van. R ep rod u.

  13. Aanbid die godsdienste dieselfde God?

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Aquinas se verstaan van die implisiete geloof. Erasmus se poging om die Chris- telike dogma tot 'n absolute minimum te reduseer en Servet se verwerping van die. Triniteitsleer, het dieselfde intensie (Galling 1961:1062). Die poging van Helena Petrofna Blavatsky se Teosofiese Vereniging wat in. 1875 in die VSA gestig is, ...

  14. Die BINGO-hulpverleningsprogram vir die begaafde seun wat ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Erna Kinsey

    hulpverleningprogram is empiries ondersoek nadat dit ontwerp is en die resultate word later bespreek. Probleemstelling. Dit is 'n probleem dat soveel begaafdes akademies onderpresteer en nie hul volle potensiaal bereik nie. (Kyk die bespreking van die ...

  15. An experimental study on the development and application of ultra-high-accuracy and high-speed groove die set

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Gun-hoi; So, Jung D.; Kwon, Kyu-sik; Byun, Jong-won

    2007-12-01

    This research designed and developed a groove type die set which improved life span of the die set by eliminating pointcontacts of steel balls with the guide post. The guide post consisted of a steel-ball retainer, a steel-ball retainer stopper, a guide bush, a guide pin, a snap ring, and a spring. The steel-ball retainer has 72 holes with 8 columns of 9 holes in each column. The inner surface of the guide bush was grinded (surface roughness: Ra = 0.2μm, accuracy: 0 ~ -0.002 mm) after NC turning and it was treated with heat. Also, a line of small intermediate pocket was processed inside of the guide bush for lubrication and elimination of foreign materials. Guide grooves for steel balls were processed using a wire EDM (Electrical Discharge Machining) after the heat treatment. With such a design of the guide post stated above, loads against steel balls could be dispersed greatly by the line contacts through the guide groove between the guide pin and the guide bush, and the life span of the guide post could be expanded semi-permanently.

  16. Experimental studies on improving the performance of electrochemical machining of high carbon, high chromium die steel using jet patterns

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. Sathiyamoorthy

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Electrochemical machining (ECM is a non-traditional process used mainly to cut hard or difficult-to-cut metals, where the application of a more traditional process is not convenient. Stiff market competition and ever-growing demand for better, durable and reliable products has brought about a material revolution, which has greatly expanded the families of difficult-to-machine materials namely highcarbon,high-chromium die steel; stainless steel and superalloys. This investigation attempts to analyze the effect of electrolyte distribution on material removal rate (MRR and surface roughness (SR on electrochemical machining of high-carbon, high-chromium die steel using NaCl aqueous solution. Three electrolyte jet patterns namely straight jet in circular, inclined jet in circular and straight jet in spiral were used for this experimentation. The results reveal that electrolyte distribution significantly improves the performance of ECM and the straight jet in spiral pattern performs satisfactorily in obtaining better MRR and surface roughness.

  17. Die Wunderkritik Immanuel Kants

    OpenAIRE

    Peddicord, Clark

    2001-01-01

    Die Problematik übernatürlicher Eingriffe in den gesetzesartigen Ablauf der Natur hat nicht nur Theologen sondern auch Naturphilosophen und Erkenntnistheoretiker immer wieder beschäftigt. Diese Frage ist nicht erst in der heutigen Diskussion entstanden. Sie hat tiefe Wurzeln, die bis in die Antike zurückreichen. Aber ihre moderne Gestalt stammt aus der Anfangszeit der modernen Naturphilosophie im 17. und 18. Jahrhundert. Als der prägende Philosoph der deutschen Aufklärung hat sich Im...

  18. Feasibility study for new ecolabels according to ISO 14024 (type 1) within the product group: wood pellet heating systems; Machbarkeitsstudie fuer neue Umweltzeichen fuer die Produktgruppe: Holzpelletfeuerungen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hoffmann, E.; Weiss, J.; Hirschl, B. [Institut fuer Oekologische Wirtschaftsforschung (IOEW) gGmbH, Berlin (Germany)

    2003-01-01

    This assessment is a feasibility study according to ISO 14024. It deals with the question whether an ecolabel is suitable for wood pellet heating systems and how concrete criteria for an ecolabel for wood pellet heating plants could be specified. The study begins with a comprehensive market analysis in order to identify possible plants for which an ecolabel would make sense. In the main part of the study, the environmental relevance of the chosen plants is analysed. For this analysis, plant manufacturers were interviewed and a comparison between wood pellet heating systems and heating systems which use gas, oil or wood was carried out. On the basis of this analysis, it was possible to derive a number of criteria which were discussed with company representatives and other experts in this field. As a result of this dialogue and the investigation process as a whole, the introduction of an ecolabel for wood pellet heating plants can be recommended. Wood pellet heating systems are characterized by their high level of automatation and the use of standardized fuels with constant high quality. Thus, they reach high combustion quality with low emission rates, and risks of misuse are minimized. They may contribute to the increased use of renewable energies and thereby to the achievement of climate protection goals. The proposed certification principles comprise requirements regarding (a) the efficient energy use (efficiency factor under partial load and nominal load, plant's supplementary energy consumption), (b) emission values for CO, NO{sub x}, dust and organic substances, (c) the offer of additional services, as well as (d) requirements with regard to the operating instructions. The transcription of the label is proposed as 'Ecolabel.. because low emission and energy-efficient'. (orig.) [German] Beim vorliegenden Gutachten handelt es sich um eine Machbarkeitsstudie nach ISO 14024. Es behandelt die Frage, ob ein Umweltzeichen fuer Holzpelletfeuerungen

  19. 'n Ergonomiese ondersoek na die perseptuele ontwerpimplikasies van vurkhyserhantering

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. J. H. Blignaut

    1981-11-01

    Full Text Available The visual perception task is allocated to the operator component in the operator-forklift truck system. In this study the ability of operators to comply with the demands on depth perception imposed by the present design of forklift trucks was examined. The results of the study show that error occurrences differentiate significantly between operators in activities requiring depth perception, and that a larger visual angle significantly increases the number of errors in the vertical positioning of the forks. The results of the study are discussed in terms of design implications.Opsomming In die operateur-vurkhyserstelsel is die visuele waarnemingstaak in sy geheel aan die operateur toegeken. Die vermoë van operateurs om te voldoen aan die dieptewaarnemingseise wat deur die bestaande ontwerp van die vurkhyser gestel word, is in hierdie studie ondersoek. Uit die resultate van die studie blyk dit dat foutvoorkoms by dieptewaarnemingsaktiwiteite betekenisvol tussen operateurs onderskei en dat ‘n groter visuele hoek 'n beduidende vermeerdering in die aantal foute by die vertikale posisionering van die vurke tot gevolg het. Die resultate van die studie word in terme van ontwerpimplikasies bespreek.

  20. Gadamer en die estetiese rekonstruksie van die antiaanse projek ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Gadamer en die estetiese rekonstruksie van die antiaanse projek: Vir 'n kontekstuele kosmopolitanisme. (Gadamer and the aesthetical reconstruction of the Kantian project. For a contextual cosmopolitanism).

  1. Die christelike lewens- en wêreldbeskouing en die toets van die 20e eeu.*

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. A. Heyns

    1957-03-01

    Full Text Available Dat die Christelike lewens- en wêreldbeskouing met die 20e eeu (bedoel word die geestesstrominge van ons tyd nie bloot deur ’n kopulatiewe,,en” maar deur die woord „toets” met mekaar verbind word, dui op die heel besondere verhouding wat daar tussen beide bestaan. Ons bedoeling is dan ook nie om ’n indringende analise van die een of van die ander te gee nie, maar om die aandag te vestig op die fundamentele antitese tussen beide.

  2. APPLICATION OF LASER ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING TO PRODUCE DIES FOR ALUMINIUM HIGH PRESSURE DIE-CASTING#

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.F.V.T. Pereira

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available

    ENGLISH ABSTRACT: A number of laser additive manufacturing (LAM technologies can produce fully-dense metal components that potentially offer opportunities to apply the technology in die or mould making (known as rapid tooling. From these LAM technologies, three were selected for evaluation of their suitability as die cavity inserts in the manufacture of high pressure die-casting (HPDC dies. Apart from comparing the different LAM inserts with one another, their performance was also compared with components manufactured in a standard hot work steel. In the HPDC process, the die is unique to each component to be produced. Die cavities in particular are subjected to demanding conditions, such as cyclic heating caused by the introduction of molten aluminium at over 650°C, followed by cooling in water-based die release medium at temperatures around 25°C. Besides cyclic heating, the die cavities are also exposed to pressures exceeding 1500 MPa during the injection of molten aluminium into the cavities. This application of LAM, therefore, poses extreme challenges to the technology. The results of this study confirmed that the metals used in some of the LAM technologies did indeed meet the demanding requirements of the current application, and can lead to significant time- and cost-saving during product or process developments. Based on these findings, a number of recommendations are made for users interested in the application of LAM to produce die cavities.

    AFRIKAANSE OPSOMMING: ’n Aantal laser laagvervaardigingstegnologieë (LLV tegnolgieë is in staat om volledig digte metaalkomponente te lewer, wat tot gevolg het dat hierdie tegnologie potensieel vir vormingsmatrys- of gietmatrysvervaardiging gebruik kan word (bekend as snelgereedskap. Drie van hierdie LLV tegnologieë is gekies vir evaluasie van hulle geskiktheid as gietvorminsetsels tydens die vervaardiging van gietmatryse vir hoë druk matrysgiet (HDMG. Benewens die onderlinge

  3. Die vestiging van die Kerk in Natal, die Vrystaat en Transvaal na ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    doop bedien, geleentheid is gegee vir die aflegging van geloofsbelyde- nis terwyl Lindley ook 'n lidmaatregister aangelê het. Lindley sou die Transvaal weer 'n keer in Mei en Junie 1844 besoek. Tydens die geleentheid sou hy so ver gaan as die Magaliesberge en moontlik ook die oostelike buitev^ryke van Marico besoek.

  4. Die inhoud en die doel van die Nederduitsch Hervormde Kerk se ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    sie (Barth 1967:667). Sekularisasie bedreig die kerk telkens wanneer hy uit die oog verloor dat hy dienskneg van Christus is. Dit is dan wanneer die kerk nie ... Daarmee bedoel Barth nie 'n wesensidentifikasie nie, maar dat Christus ..... kan die ampte op geen ander wyse doen nie as deur die Woord te bedien, in sy ap-.

  5. Die Freunde im und die Freude am Fernsehen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amina Ovcina Cajacob

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Das Ziel der vorliegenden Arbeit besteht darin, die Wirkungen von Popstars und Popbands auf Jugendliche (13- bis 17-Jährige zu erforschen. Im Mittelpunkt der Interessen steht die Frage, welche Wirkungen aus der Rezeption von Musiksendungen (bzw. Videoclips von Musiksendern entstehen und welche Charakteristika innerhalb der aufgebauten Beziehungen zu den Stars bemerkbar sind. Andererseits wurden die Unterschiede und Parallelen zwischen parasozialen Beziehungen zu den Stars und orthosozialen Beziehungen aufgezeigt. Im Zusammenhang mit der empirischen Untersuchung bezieht sich die Autorin auf den Uses-and-Gratifications-Approach, wobei die bedürfnissbefriedigenden Wirkungen von Musikkanälen und den dazu gehörigen Popstars im Mittelpunkt stehen. Mit Hilfe des Uses-and-Gratifications-Approach wird angenommen, dass das Konsumieren der Musiksendungen und der Musikstars von den Jugendlichen gezielt zur Befriedigung bestimmter Bedürfnisse eingesetzt wird.The objective of this study is to explore the effects of pop stars on adolescents (aged between 13 and 17. The focus of interest is the question what effect music channels (i.e. video clips from music channels produce and what characteristics are noticeable from the formed relationship between adolescents and pop stars. On the other side, parallels and differences have been drawn between the para-social relationships to pop stars and ortho-social relationships. In connection with empirical study, the author also refers to Uses-and Gratification-Approach where the need satisfying effects of music channels and pop stars are in focus. With the help of Uses-and Gratification-Approach it will be assumed, that aim of watching music channels and therefore pop stars will be pointed toward the gratification of specific needs.

  6. Die Bibliothek des Bezirksmuseums Josefstadt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Ettl

    2016-02-01

    Josefstadt in Wien werden die Herkunft der Bibliotheksbestände und die beengte Raumsituation beschrieben. Abschließend wird auf die Erfassung der Medien mittels der Bibliothekssoftware „Biblioweb“ eingegangen.

  7. Reflections on Teaching Periodic Table Concepts: A Case Study of Selected Schools in South Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mokiwa, Hamza Omari

    2017-01-01

    The Periodic Table of Elements is central to the study of modern Physics and Chemistry. It is however, considered by teachers as difficult to teach. This paper reports on a case study exploring reflections on teaching periodic table concepts in five secondary schools from South Africa. Qualitative methodology of interviews and document analysis…

  8. Venous thromboembolism in pregnancy and the puerperal period: a study of 1210 events

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Virkus, Rie Adser; Løkkegaard, Ellen Cl; Lidegaard, Ojvind

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this study was to describe venous thromboembolism (VTE) in pregnancy and the puerperal period and to validate diagnoses of VTE.......The aim of this study was to describe venous thromboembolism (VTE) in pregnancy and the puerperal period and to validate diagnoses of VTE....

  9. The day Madiba died

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    8 Apr 2016 ... geweld (“Utopia” [129–41]—Christina van Deventer), die seksuele misbruik van kinders (“Een, twee, drie, blok myself”. [98–103]—Ilisna Nel), posttraumatiese stres (“Ontspoor” [117–22]—Tanya van. Buuren) en geestestoornisse (“Lettie se verlies” [150–5]—Elani Venter) word ondersoek. In die satiriese ...

  10. N KORT MEDEDELTNG OOR DIE INVLOED VAN ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Fernandez Carmona & Greenhalgh (1972) en. Kloppenstein, Krause, .lones & Woods (1972) het hierdie metode gebruik op verskillende ruvoere en belowende re- sultatc ten opsigte van verieerbaarheid en inname met skape verkry. In hierdie studie is die invloed van sodanige be-. handeLing op die verteerbaarheid en ...

  11. Die postpolitische Stadt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erik Swyngedouw

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Die Polis ist tot, es lebe die kreative Stadt! Während die Stadt, zumindest in Teilen des städtischen Raums, blüht und gedeiht, scheint die Polis im idealisierten griechischen Sinn dem Untergang geweiht; in diesem Verständnis ist sie der Ort der öffentlichen politischen Auseinandersetzung und demokratischen Unterhandlung und somit eine Stätte (oft radikaler Abweichung und Unstimmigkeit, an der die politische Subjektivierung buchstäblich ihren Platz hat. Diese Figur einer entpolitisierten (oder postpolitischen und postdemokratischen Stadt im Spätkapitalismus bildet das Leitmotiv des vorliegenden Beitrags. Ich lehne mich dabei an Jacques Rancière, Slavoj Žižek, Chantal Mouffe, Mustafa Dikeç, Alain Badiou und andere Kritiker jenes zynischen Radikalismus an, der dafür gesorgt hat, dass eine kritische Theorie und eine radikale politische Praxis ohnmächtig und unfruchtbar vor jenen entpolitisierenden Gesten stehen, die in der polizeilichen Ordnung des zeitgenössischen neoliberalen Spätkapitalismus als Stadtentwicklungspolitik [urban policy] und städtische Politik [urban politics] gelten. Ziel meiner Intervention ist es, das Politische wieder in den Mittelpunkt der zeitgenössischen Debatten über das Urbane zu stellen. [...

  12. Pyramids and Prejudice: A Study of Cultural Discrimination in Lauretta Ngcobo’s And they didn’t die

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sophia I. Akh uemokhan

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available A South African classic, Lauretta Ngcobo’s novel, And they didn’t die, explores the nexus of hegemony, culture, and transformation under apartheid rule. Edward Said’s thesis on the hierarchy of culture provides the conceptual framework for an analysis of politico-cultural agency in Ngcobo’s novel. Three characters in the narrative—Siyalo, Jezile, and Lungu—are used to comment on the cultural dynamics inherent in three different but interlocking sites: the nine-to-five working environment, rural Bantu culture, and the ambiguous location of “African Whiteness.” The paper establishes that the life of each character betrays culture’s negative discriminating power and the amplification of negativity by State policy

  13. A use study of speech pathology and audiology periodicals at Illinois State University.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duran, N; Buckley, C E; Ng, M L

    1997-01-01

    No core list of periodicals exists for speech pathology and audiology. Faced with the prospect of having to cancer periodicals for all subjects, the science librarians at Illinois State University decided to determine which science periodicals were used most heavily. A one-year study of science periodical reshelving and interlibrary loan requests yielded ranked lists of periodicals important to speech pathology and audiology faculty and students at Illinois State University. The three most heavily used journals were the Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, ASHA, and Topics in Language Disorders. Most of the periodicals on the lists were indexed by either MEDLINE or UnCover, or by both. While the lists of journals developed in the study are not sufficient to serve as true core lists, they should be useful to libraries supporting comparable programs in speech pathology and audiology. PMID:9431426

  14. Physical Symptoms at the Time of Dying Was Diagnosed: A Consecutive Cohort Study To Describe the Prevalence and Intensity of Problems Experienced by Imminently Dying Palliative Care Patients by Diagnosis and Place of Care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clark, Katherine; Connolly, Alanna; Clapham, Sabina; Quinsey, Karen; Eagar, Kathy; Currow, David C

    2016-12-01

    The aim of this work was to analyze routine assessments recorded, when a patient was documented as likely to die in hours to days, to determine the prevalence, intensity, and associations of physical symptoms. Although death inevitably occurs, very little prospective data describe at population level the physical symptoms confronting imminently dying people. Using prospectively collected data from participating palliative care services in the Australian Palliative Care Outcomes Collaboration between July 1, 2013, and December 31, 2014, factors associated with worse symptom experiences were explored using logistic regression modeling. The experiences of 18,975 patients who died after being identified as imminently terminal were analyzed, with 75% (n = 14,238) of these being cancer deaths. Seventy percent (n = 13,051) occurred in a palliative care unit, 8.7% (n = 1657) in an acute hospital with palliative care support, and 22.5% (n = 4266) at home. More than half were assessed as experiencing acceptable symptom control especially those with nonmalignant disease. The notable exception was breathing problems, where compared to cancer patients, those with nonmalignant disease were 34% more likely to experience distressing breathlessness (odds ratio 1.34; 95% confidence interval 1.23-147). Regardless of the cause, deaths in a community setting were more likely to be complicated by more severe symptoms with the exception of breathlessness, where those dying in acute hospitals were most likely to be assessed as requiring further help. The terminal phase is perceived as a time where the majority will experience distressing symptoms, but this work suggests a contrary view. However, there did seem to be a detrimental effect depending on place of care with more significant problems recorded when people were dying at home. More work is needed to clarify this given the current push for more home deaths.

  15. Die histologie en ultrastruktuur van die hepatopankreas van die bloukurper Oreochromis mossambicus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. M. Nel

    1990-07-01

    Full Text Available Die histologie en ultrastruktuur van die hepatopankreas van die bloukurper Oreochromis mossambicus word beskryf. ’n Dun bindweefselkapsel omring die lewer. Die hepatosietrangskikking vertoon as lobules, met die koorde van hepatosiete wat vanaf ’n sentrale vene uitradieer en met mekaar anastomaseer. Indiwiduele lewerlohules vertoon nie duidelike grense nie, maar enkele duidelike triades word wel in die lewer van O. mossambicus aangetref. Die hepatosiete bevat ’n enkele ronde kern met ’n duidelike nukleolus en die growwe endoplasmiese retikula kom in twee of meer rye om die kerne en teen die selgrense van die hepatosiete voor. Die ander sitoplasmiese organelle kom verspreid in die hepatosietsitoplasma voor. Die eksokriene pankreasselle is om die portale venes gesetel. Die kerne van hierdie selle is rond en is hasaal in die kubies- tot silindervormige selle gelee. ’n Goedontwikkelde growwe endoplasmiese retikulum — vesikulêr, tubulêr en sirkulêr in vorm — en sektretoriese granules wat apikaal in die sel gelee is, kom voor.

  16. Ambrosiaster se uitleg van die Filemonbrief en die retoriese analise van hierdie brief

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Francois Tolmie

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Die studie van Paulus se brief aan Filemon het gebaat by die hernude belangstelling in die retoriese analise van Nuwe-Testamentiese geskrifte, in die sin dat ’n groot aantal retoriese analises van die brief gepubliseer is. Hierdie retoriese analises is vanuit ’n verskeidenheid perspektiewe gedoen, maar tot dusver het niemand nog die manier sistematies ondersoek waarop die vierde-eeuse outeur, wat later die naam Ambrosiastergekry het, die brief in sy kommentaar op die Pauliniese briewe geïnterpreteer het nie. Hierdie artikel bied dus ’n oorsig van Ambrosiaster se interpretasie van die brief aan Filemon en dui aan watter bydrae dit tot die retoriese analise van die brief kan maak.   Ambrosiaster’s exposition of the Letter to Philemon and the rhetorical analysis of the letter. In recent times, the study of Paul’s letter to Philemon benefitted from the renewed interest in the rhetorical analysis of New Testament writings, in the sense that a large number of rhetorical studies of the letter have been published. These rhetorical analyses of the letter have been done from different perspectives, but thus far, no one has systematically investigated the way in which the fourth-century author, who was later called Ambrosiaster, interpreted the letter in his commentary on the Pauline letters. Accordingly, this article offers an overview of Ambrosiaster’s interpretation of the letter to Philemon, and then outlines the contribution that his reading of the letter can make to the rhetorical interpretation of it.

  17. Comparison Re-invented: Adaptation of Universal Methods to African Studies (Conference Report Die Wiederentdeckung des Vergleichs: Zur Anwendung universeller Methoden in der Afrikaforschung (Konferenzbericht

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Franzisca Zanker

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Drawing from a combination of specific, empirical research projects with different theoretical backgrounds, a workshop discussed one methodological aspect often somewhat overlooked in African Studies: comparison. Participants addressed several questions, along with presenting overviews of how different disciplines within African Studies approach comparison in their research and naming specific challenges within individual research projects. The questions examined included: Why is explicit comparative research so rare in African Studies? Is comparative research more difficult in the African context than in other regions? Does it benefit our research? Should scholars strive to generalise beyond individual cases? Do studies in our field require an explicit comparative design, or will implicit comparison suffice? Cross-discipline communication should help us to move forward in this methodological debate, though in the end the subject matter and specific research question will lead to the appropriate comparative approach, not the other way round.Mit Blick auf einige empirische Forschungsprojekte mit jeweils unterschiedlichem theoretischem Hintergrund wurde im Rahmen eines Workshops ein methodologischer Aspekt debattiert, der in der Afrikaforschung wenig Beachtung erfährt: der Vergleich. Die Teilnehmer(innen entwickelten Fragestellungen, stellten jeweils dar, inwieweit in den verschiedene Disziplinen der Afrikaforschung der Vergleich als Methode eingesetzt wird, und benannten spezifische Herausforderungen in diesem Zusammenhang für einzelne Forschungsprojekte. Unter anderem wurden folgende Fragen erörtert: Warum ist die explizit vergleichende Methode in der Afrikaforschung so selten? Ist vergleichende Forschung im Kontext Afrikas schwieriger anwendbar als in der Forschung zu anderen Regionen? Verbessert sie unsere Forschungsresultate? Sollten sich Forscher um Generalisierungen jenseits der Einzelfallstudien bemühen? Ist in der Afrikaforschung eine

  18. Die opleiding van bedryfsielkundiges aan die universiteit van die Oranje-Vrystaat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. P. Langenhoven

    1977-11-01

    Full Text Available Die Departement Bedryfsielkunde is in 1968 as 'n volwaardige departement in die Fakulteit van Ekonomiese en Administratiewe Wetenskappe aan die Vrystaatse Universiteit ingestel. Voorheen is die vak vir etlike jare deur die Departement Sielkunde aangebied. Bedryfsielkunde kan vir die B.Com., B.Admin., B.Soc.Sc. en B.P.L. (Baccalaureus in Personeelleiding graadrigtings geneem word. Die opleidingspersoneel bestaan tans uit 'n Professor, 2 Senior Lektore en 2 Lektore. Daar is ook 'n Senior Lektor/Navorser en Senior Vakkundige Beampte in die Afdeling Personeelnavorsing, wat onder leiding van die hoof van die departement funksioneer. Verder beskik die departement oor die dienste van twee dames wat albei halfdag werk, naamlik 'n Akademiese Assistent en 'n Tikster.

  19. Die teologiese arbeid van Antonius HJ Gunneweg

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    En dis 'n klein treetjie van klagte na aanklag en na protes teen die gode, die heersers wat die mens vernietig deur hom oor sy ware lewe te bedrieg. Die ideologie eis dan ook dienooreenkomstig die bevryding en emansipasie van die mens van die gode en van God (1983: 118—119). Volgens die Jahwis is dit die slang wat, ...

  20. DIE SUID-AFRIKAANSE JEUG IN VOORTREKKERTYDPERK

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    was dit 'n groot avontuur en in hulle verbeelding het hulle die aantreklikste visioene geskilder. Die groter kinders, wat gehard was deur die gevare wat gedurig die grensboere bedreig het, sou 'n beter besef van die ems van die Groot Trek gehad het.3. Die ouers, veral die moeders, het die kinders nie toegelaat om wild en ...

  1. Die loopbaanpatrone van Suid-Afrikaanse bestuurders

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. M. G. Schreuder

    1998-06-01

    Full Text Available Career paths of South African Managers. The changing nature of work results in upward mobility within organisations becoming increasingly limited. This requires individuals to rethink their careers. An important prerequisite for this is adequate self-knowledge. Preferred career paths are often related to the "career culture" of an organisation, which is often not aligned with individual motives and needs. The aim of this study was to determine the match between career preferences and career motives. The results on the whole indicate a poor match between these constructs. Recommendations are made on the basis of these findings. Opsomming Die veranderende aard van werk veroorsaak dat opwaartse mobiliteit in organisasies meer beperk raak. Dit verg dat individue opnuut oor hulle loopbane sal moet besin. 'n Belangrike voorvereiste hiervoor is voldoende selfkennis. Die loopbaanpad wat individue verkies hou dikwels verband met die loopbaankultuur van 'n organisasie en is nie altyd in ooreenstemming met hulle eie motiewe en behoeftes nie. Die doel van hierdie studie was om te bepaal in waiter mate daar 'n passing is tussen die respondente se loopbaanvoorkeure en hulle loopbaanmotiewe. Die resultate dui oor die algemeen op 'n swak passing. Aanbevelings word op grond van die bevindinge gemaak.

  2. Die benutting van vraelyste met die oog op meer effektiewe ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    UPuser

    dat individue nie altyd eenders dink en doen ten opsigte van sekere sake nie, ontstaan daar soms misverstande wat kan lei tot konflik. Konflikhantering is dus 'n uiters ... “extended family issues” onder die mees problematiese sake in die vroeë jare van die huwelik. Pretorius (1996:200) bespreek die saak van emosionele.

  3. Besinning oor die apostolaat in die Nederduitsch Hervormde Kerk

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Dink onder andere aan sy artikels oor die Bybelse argeologie, artikels en publikasies op die terrein van die etiek soos byvoorbeeld oor selfmoord, eutanasie, sterwensbegeleiding, aborsie, padverkeer en so meer. Professioneel is hy formeel dogmatikus. Nogtans het hy, behalwe 'n besondere aanvoeling vir die pas-.

  4. voorveronderstellings in die hantering van die verhouding tussen ou ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    is en sy hele siening van die Ou-Testamentiese hermeneutiek kleur. So beoog hierdie artikel om na aanleiding van Baumgärtel 'n aantal voorveronderstellings op die tafel te plaas wat bepalend is vir die wyse waarop die verhouding tussen Ou en Nuwe Testament beskryf kan word. Dus, na aanleiding van Baumgärtel word ...

  5. DIE EINDE VAN SENDING Fases in die Sendingbedryf

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ontwikkeling vir die verskeie rasse woonagtig in Suid-Afrika, beter bekend as die beleid van apartheid. (Inderdaad was hierdie gewraakte gedagtes nogal 'n integrale deel van die Kerk se Sendingbeleid soos wat dit in die vroeë 20ste eeu ontwikkel is.) Maar terwyl hierdie kritiek in feitlik alle opsigte toegegee kan word, is dit ...

  6. Die 'postmoderne' stempel in die Nuwe-Testamentiese hermeneutiek

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    27; vgl De Beer 1986:436). Betekenis bestaan nie suiwer in die idee en ook nie in die verwysing tussen teken en idee nie. In die dekonstruksie verval die metafisiese, se- manties-referensiele verhouding tussen betekenaar en betekende (Van ...

  7. Die Suid-Afrikaanse Oorlogsekonomie gedurende die Tweede ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    is daar on- middellik stappe gedoen om die staalfabriek te. Pretoria uit te brei met die doel om die produksie .... artikels soos seep, kerse, aptekersgoedere, verf, poli- toer, ens ingesluit. 'n Groot persentasie hiervan sowel as veeartsenykundige middels en insekte- middels vir die bestryding is plaaslike vervaar- dig.37. Hout.

  8. die doeltreffendheid van die afrikaanse woordelys en spelreels as ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Dit is die doel van hierdie artikel. eireels. Volgens die AWS word die Afrikaanse spelreels op .... beperkte getal eenvoudige 'reels saamgevat kan word nie. Dit geld van alle terreine van taalgebruik: Anglisisraes en ander -ismes, woordgebruike, sinsbou, die gebruik van hoofletters, koppel- tekens, spelling, ens.'" Alhoewel ...

  9. Die inkortingsneller moet en die woordeboek | Prinsloo | Lexikos

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Die AfrikaanSe hulpwerkwoord mod kan binne sekere kontekste as inkortingsneller ten opsigte van 'n saamgestelde hoofwerkwoord 'optree, waardeur laasgenoemde ingekort word sander dat die semantiese inhoud van die sin verander ('n voorwaarde, trouens, van alle inkorting). Die omstandighede waaronder dit ...

  10. besonderhede aangaande in aantal geboue op die terrein van die ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2 'n Militere Kamp. Op 4 Mei 1877 het die eerste gereelde Britse troepe op Pretoria aangekom. 'n Kamp is opgeslaan ten suide van die dorp en op 'n kaart van Pretoria wat van. 14 November ... korps van de Zuid-Afrikaa115che. Republiek, ... Hierdie eenheid is op die terrein van die v00rmalige Britse militere kamp en aan-.

  11. die aard, studieveld en funksie van die krygsgeskiedenis1

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hede dit geskied het en wat die resul- toot daarvan was, sal minder gene~ wees om die foute van die verlede te herhaal of hulpeloos in die donker rond te tas wanneer hulle met 'n pro- bleem gekonfronteer word.29 Historiese. 20. M. Howard. 'The Useand Abuse of Military History'. 4 - 5: T.EGriess. 'A Perspective on Military ...

  12. Die funksie van die ^danksegging(s)' in 1 Tessalonisense

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Vanwee die problema- tiek rondom die genre word die genre van 1 Tessalonisense dus nie in hierdie artikel as vertrekpunt geneem nie. Vir die doel van hierdie artikel word 'retoriese situasie' soos volg verstaan: '[A] complex of persons, events, objects and relations presenting an actual or potential. ISSN 0259 9422 = HTS ...

  13. Stuttgart, 1952. DIE HUIDIGE STAND VAN DIE ONDERSOEK TEN ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Test

    hy hom rig teen sekere gnostici (die Valentiniane?) wat II Tim. 2:2 uitlê as verwysing na 'n esoteriese evangelie wat slegs aan ingewydes oorgelewer moet word. Op grond van hierdie skrale berigte het die gissings oor wat die Evangelie van die Waarheid was en wat dit bevat het, begin. Ene J ohannes K reyenbuhl het ...

  14. Die uniform van die Transvaalse staatsartillerie | Bouch | Scientia ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Die Transvaalse Staatsartillerie (TSA), as 'n gereelde en voltydse militêre eenheid van die ou Suid-Afrikaanse Republiek, het gespog met sy eie kenmerkende uniform. Keywords: Die Transvaalse Staatsartillerie (TSA); militêre eenheid van die ou Suid-Afrikaanse Republiek; velddiens- of someruniform; parade- of ...

  15. Die mens as sondaar - Die beskouing van Karl Barth

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    is no longer situated in the heart of human being, but in social, economical and political structures. In this ...... openbaring van die eintlikheid van die mens: jy is die man. Aan hierdie verwyt kan 'n mens jou nog .... juis net SÓ gered lean word, is kenbaar in eie persoon 'n verlore mens. Só ken die mens-van-sonde homself.

  16. Who dies from prostate cancer?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patrikidou, A; Loriot, Y; Eymard, J-C; Albiges, L; Massard, C; Ileana, E; Di Palma, M; Escudier, B; Fizazi, K

    2014-12-01

    During the last 30 years, there has been a major shift in initial staging in prostate cancer (CaP) in Western countries, with the incidence of metastases at diagnosis decreasing from over 50% in the 1970s to currently less than 10%. Yet, CaP is still the second cause of cancer death in men. We used two monthly curated databases of patients with castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) to describe the natural history of patients dying of CaP in the modern era. The outcome of 190 men with metastatic CRPC treated from 2008 to 2011 was studied. The characteristics of the patients who died from CaP (n = 113 patients, 61%) were analyzed. All 113 patients who died of CaP were assessable for the presence of metastases at diagnosis. Sixty-three patients (56%) had detectable metastases at diagnosis: 67%, 11% and 43% had bone, visceral and lymph node metastases, respectively. The median time to CRPC was 16 months and median overall survival (OS) was 5.2 years.Among the patients with localized CaP at diagnosis (n = 50, 44%), 46% had T stage ⩾ 3 and 38% had a Gleason score ⩾ 8. Overall, 64% of patients were classified as having a high-risk CaP. Only 26% who died from CaP had a Gleason score ⩽ 6. Median OS was 8.8 years. In the modern era, approximately half of the patients who die from CaP have metastases at diagnosis. The paradigm of progression from localized disease to metastasis and eventually death is only represented in the other half, although possible initial screening and staging errors ought to be taken into consideration. More efforts are needed to conduct trials in patients with newly diagnosed metastatic CaP.

  17. Die design and process optimization of die cast V6 engine blocks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henry Hu

    2005-02-01

    Full Text Available The use of aluminum, particularly for engine blocks, has grown considerably in the past ten years, and continues to rise in the automotive industry. In order to enhance the quality and engineering functionality of die cast engine blocks, die design and processes have to be optimized. In this study, a computer simulation software, MAGMAsoft, as an advanced tool for optimizing die design and casting process, was emplooyed to virtually visualize cavity filling and patterns of a V6 engine block. The original die design and process was simulated first to establish a baseline. A reality check was used to verify the predicted results. Then, the die modification with a different unner system was made by using a CAD software, Unigraphics (UG. The simulation on combinations of the modified die design and revised process was performed to examine the effect of die modification and process change on flow filling of V6 engine blocks. The simulated prediction indicateds that the enhancement of cavity filling due to the die and process modification minimizeds the occurrence of defects during casting, and consequently improves the quality of blocks. The results of mechanical testing show a significant increase in fatigue strengths, and a moderately improvement on tensile properties for the blocks die cast with the new die design and prpocess in comparison with those produced by the original ones.

  18. Diskussie oor die millenium en die herstel van Israel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. J. Engelbrecht van Waverley

    1978-06-01

    Full Text Available Dit verheug my dat daar eindelik gereageer word op my boekie. Behalwe telefoonoproepe en briewe van medechiliaste was daar tot dusver geen kommentaar van anti-chiliastiese kant. Ek het die boekie aan ongeveer 1800 predikante en professore gestuur en vriendelik uitgenooi tot nuwe besinning. Net soos oor die soteriologie, is die Bybel nêrens in teëspraak met homself oor die eskatologie nie. God gee in sy Woord nie vir ons drie verskillende toekomsbeelde om uit te kies nie. God is een en sy profetiese Woord is deurgaans eenstemmig m.b.t. die raad van God oor Israel, die nasies en die kerk.

  19. OA51 Caring community in living and dying - engaging communities through participatory research, an austrian case study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wegleitner, Klaus; Schuchter, Patrick; Prieth, Sonja

    2015-04-01

    The development in hospice and palliative care in German-speaking Europe is focused on improving professional practice and specialised palliative care services. The project was developed to foster the paradigmatic shift from professional - and institution - centred end-of-life care to community-based approaches in current end-of-life care in Austria. The project aims to strengthen networks and solidarity in end-of-life care, moreover to foster self-help resources of older people and family caregivers. Local initiatives and projects in diverse community contexts should be developed and supported. The process should raise awareness within the local population about existential questions concerning vulnerability, frailty, dying, death, loss and grief. The project follows a multi-level participatory research (Minkler, Wallerstein 2003) and community development (Kellehear 2005) approach. Phase 1: Describing, analysing and appreciating local care culture. Phase 2: Strengthening local networks and self-help resources. Phase 3: Supporting implementation and sustainability. The participatory research process was based on the dense narratives, micro-stories and care actions of people concerned in order to put these in relation to, and expand it with the different perspectives of the "circles of care" (Abel et al . 2013). Thus existential and care experiences were shared and common knowledge of local care cultures and resources was generated. Minkler M, Wallerstein N, eds. Community based participatory research for health. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2003. Kellehear, A. Compassionate cities. London: Routledge, 2005. Abel J, Walter T, Carey L, Rosenberg J, Noonan K, Horsfall D, Leonard R, Rumbold B, Morris D. Circles of care: should community development redefine the practice of palliative care? BMJ Support Palliat Care 2013:3:383-388. The stakeholders succeeded in building relationships of trust and in forming "care culture working groups" in various spheres of the community

  20. Die Entzauberung einer Ikone: Annette Schlichters Studie über den weiblichen Wahnsinn Breaking the Spell of an Icon: Annette Schlichter’s Dissertation on Female Insanity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia Hauser

    2002-03-01

    Full Text Available Die repräsentationskritisch angelegte Studie Annette Schlichters setzt sich mit älteren feministischen – literarischen und theoretischen – Texten zum „weiblichen Wahnsinn“ auseinander. Am Beispiel von Sylvia Plaths Roman The Bell Jar zeigt sie die Schwächen des soziokulturellen Zugangs von Phyllis Chesler und Elaine Showalter, der die Analogie von Weiblichkeit und Wahnsinn reproduziert. Einen möglichen Ausweg aus dem Repräsentationsdilemma ermöglicht nach Schlichter das Genre der Theorie-Fiktion, wie es Luce Irigarays Essays „This Sex Which Is Not One“ und „When Our Lips Speak Together“ und Kathy Ackers Roman „Don Quixote – which was a dream“ zeigen. Hier seien Ansätze einer Resignifikation von Weiblichkeit festzustellen.Annette Schlichter’s study of madness and representation analyses older works on women and madness, drawing on both fiction and theory. Using Sylvia Plath’s novel The Bell Jar as an example, she demonstrates the weaknesses of Phyllis Chesler’s and Elaine Showalter’s socio-cultural approach which reproduces the analogy of femininity and insanity. According to Schlichter, the genre of theory-fiction—such as Luce Irigaray’s essays “This Sex Which Is Not One” and “When Our Lips Speak Together”, or Kathy Acker’s novel “Don Quixote—which was a dream”—provide one possible solution to the dilemma of representation, as these works show beginnings of a resignification of femininity.

  1. Die doeltreffendheid van talentbestuursprogramme in uitgesoekte Suid-Afrikaanse organisasies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jo-Ann P. Gainsford

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Oriëntasie: Die identifisering, behoud en ontwikkeling van talent moet doeltreffend bestuur word. Navorsingsdoelwit: Die studie het ten doel om die doeltreffendheid van bestaande talentbestuursprogramme in uitgesoekte Suid-Afrikaanse organisasies in die finansiële, vervoer- en mynbousektore te evalueer.Motivering vir die studie: Streng wetgewing (soos regstellende aksie en die swak ekonomiese situasie in Suid-Afrika veroorsaak dat goeie presteerders as baie waardevol beskou word en behou moet word. Indien organisasies nie oor ’n doeltreffende talentbestuursprogram beskik nie, sal hulle waarskynlik talentvolle werknemers verloor.Navorsingsontwerp, -benadering en -metode: Hierdie studie maak van ’n kwantitatiewe navorsingsontwerp gebruik. Deur middel van toevallige steekproefneming is 117 werknemers in die onderskeie sektore ingesluit. Die ANOVA-toets en Tukey se paarsgewyse vergelykingstegniek is aangewend om die verskille tussen die drie sektore te bepaal.Resultate: Die resultate van die studie dui daarop dat die organisasies wat aan die studie deelgeneem het grootliks al die noodsaaklike komponente in die talentbestuursprogramme insluit. Die uitsondering is egter talentbestuursagteware, wat oor die algemeen nie in die talentbestuursprogramme ingesluit is nie. Verdere resultate dui daarop dat die oorgrote meerderheid van die respondente nie baie tevrede is met die komponente van die talentbestuursprogramme in hul organisasies nie. Die respondente van die mynbousektor het die laagste tevredenheidsvlakke ten opsigte van die talentbestuursprogram getoon. Die resultate dui verder daarop dat die finansiële sektor se talentbestuursprogram meer doeltreffend as dié van die mynbousektor is.Praktiese/bestuursimplikasies: ’n Omvattende lys van komponente van ’n talentbestuursprogram is ontwikkel om organisasies te ondersteun in die ontwerp en implementering van ’n doeltreffende talentbestuursprogram.Bydrae/waardetoevoeging: Die resultate van

  2. DIE BETREKKING TUSSEN JESUS EN JOHANNES DIE DOPER Na ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Test

    353 die Septuagint-lesing van. I Kon. 19:20 inderdaad ook herstel. Nou is dit opvallend dat die. Septuagint, waar dit gaan om die navolging van God, by voorkeur pebruik maak van die uitdrukking, aÁro/ouíAem opisö byvoorbeeld in. Josua 14:9 maar van poreuesiAa: opisö waar uitdrukking gegee wil word aan die naloop ...

  3. Formation of blade and slot die coated small molecule multilayers for OLED applications studied theoretically and by XPS depth profiling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katharina Peters

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Slot die coaters especially designed for low material consumption and doctor blades were used to process small molecule solutions for organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs. Optimum process parameters were developed for the large-scale coating techniques to generate stable single and multiple layers only a few nanometers thick. Achieving a multilayer architecture for solution-processed OLEDs is the most challenging step. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy sputter depth profiling was performed to determine defined interfaces between coated organic layers. Commercially available small molecules NPB (N,N’-Di(1-naphthyl-N,N’-diphenyl-(1,1’-biphenyl-4,4’-diamine and BAlq (Bis(8-hdroxy-2methylquinoline-(4-phenylphenoxyaluminum, originally developed for vacuum deposition, were used as hole, respectively electron transport material. Defined double-layers were processed with both scalable coating methods using the orthogonal solvent approach. The use of non-orthogonal solvents resulted in complete intermixing of the material. The results are explained by calculations of solubilities and simulating drying and diffusion kinetics of the small molecule solutions.

  4. AFRIKAANS EN DIE EERSTE VRYHEIDSOORLOt ..

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    en 'n paar van die opgevoede. Afrikaners praat nag suiwer. Nederlands. b. Die Afrikaners het almal by deftige geleent- hede soas in die gebed, op politieke vergaderings en in gemeensame briefwissel- ing 'n geleentheids-Nederlands gebruik, wat egter reeds 'n stylvorm van Afrikaans was. In die gewone omgang het hulle, ...

  5. Voedingsnavorsing met die weidende dier

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    van veral beeste (Bisschop, 1964; Niemann, Lombard & Van. Schalkwyk, 1963). In teenstelling met die relatiewe groot hoeveelheid inligting oor die chemiese samestelling van natuurlike weidings, is daar betreklik min bekend oor die verteerbaarheid en vrywillige in- name daarvan deur herkouers. 'n Skerp daling in die ...

  6. PRETORIA GEDURENDE DIE EERSTE VRYDEIDSOORLOG

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Teen die einde van 1880 het hierdie oplewing onder die. Transvalers 'n hoogtepunt bereik toe tydens die vergadering by Paardekraal op 8 Desember 1880 besluit is om tot die ... hulle in Transvaal en veral in Pretoria gevestig sodat daar teen Maart ..... admiration, for they have the additional anxiety to bear in knowing that ...

  7. Aanbid die godsdienste dieselfde God?

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Derhalwe is. Christus dan die voile Selfmeedeling van God. In Hom is die bonatuurlike eksisten- siaal finaal en onherroeplik meegedeel. Hieruit kan Rahner nou vier stellings stcl: * die Christendom verstaan homself as die eintlike godsdiens;. * ander godsdienste het nietemin bonatuurlike waarheidselemente en is daarom.

  8. Die Bantoe indie gevorderde arbeidsvorme*

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. H. Coetzee

    1961-03-01

    Full Text Available Die inhoud van hierdie voordrag is in hoofsaak ’n verwerking van ’n lesing oor The Bantu as a White Collar Worker wat ek vroeër vanjaar voor ’n byeenkoms van die Johannesburgse afdeling van die National Development Foundation gehou het. Derhalwe wil ek ook my erkentlikheid teenoor die liggaam betuig vir die verlof om dieselfde stof te gebruik ten bate (hopelik van die Afrika-Seminaar en terselfdertyd ook vir nuwe insigte waartoe die bespreking op genoemde byeenkoms my gelei het.

  9. Die inszenierte Autorin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michiko Mae

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available chs wird in seinem Aufbau durch die drei Phasen des Selbstfindungsprozesses, genauer der Selbsterfindung der ‚Schriftstellerin Yū Miri‘ in ihren Werken und ihren medialen Selbstinszenierungen strukturiert. Es gelingt Iwata-Weickgenannt sehr überzeugend, das Sichtbarmachen der performativen Konstruiertheit von Identität im Werk und Leben Yūs herauszuarbeiten. Sie zeigt dabei auch, dass das Konzept der Performativität ein sehr geeigneter Bezugsrahmen für die Analyse von Identitätsbildungsprozessen ist.

  10. Quality of Life among Iranian Infertile Women in Postmenopausal Period: A Cross-sectional Study

    OpenAIRE

    Direkvand-Moghadam, Ashraf; Delpisheh, Ali; Montazeri, Ali; SAYEHMIRI, Kourosh

    2016-01-01

    Objectives Infertility has a significant impact on a women's quality of life (QOL). Infertile women face with physical and mental challenges during their postmenopausal period. Therefore, the present study aimed to evaluate the QOL among Iranian infertile women in the postmenopausal period using a valid and reliable instrument. Methods In this cross-sectional study both snowball and social networking methods were used for sampling. Two demographic and QOL questionnaire were used for data coll...

  11. The impact of the social and physical environments on parent-healthcare provider relationships when a child dies in PICU: Findings from a grounded theory study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Butler, Ashleigh E; Copnell, Beverley; Hall, Helen

    2017-12-30

    This study explores the influences of the paediatric intensive care environment on relationships between parents and healthcare providers when children are dying. It forms part of a larger study, investigating parental experiences of the death of their child in intensive care. Constructivist grounded theory. Four Australian paediatric intensive care units. Audio-recorded, semi-structured interviews were conducted with twenty-six bereaved parents. Data were analysed using the constant comparison and memoing techniques common to grounded theory. The physical and social environment of the intensive care unit influenced the quality of the parent-healthcare provider relationship. When a welcoming, open environment existed, parents tended to feel respected as equal and included members of their child's care team. In contrast, environments that restricted parental presence or lacked resources for parental self-care could leave parents feeling like 'watchers', excluded from their child's care. The paediatric intensive care unit environment either welcomes and includes parents of dying children into the care team, or demotes them to the status of 'watcher'. Such environments significantly influence the relationships parents form with healthcare staff, their ability to engage in elements of their parental role, and their experiences as a whole. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  12. Are Seminar Periods Supportive of the Professional Development of Social Studies Teachers?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demir, Selçuk Besir; Dogan, Soner; Atasoy, Turgay

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to determine the efficiency of the seminar periods intended for contributing to the professional development of social studies teachers based on their own perspectives. This study adopts a qualitative approach and is carried out in the form of a case study. Among the purposeful sampling methods, the criteria sample…

  13. Circumstances surrounding dying in the paediatric intensive care unit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Plötz Frans B

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Death is inevitable in the paediatric intensive care unit (PICU. We aimed to describe the circumstances surrounding dying in a PICU. Method The chart records of all patients less than 18 years of age who died at the PICU between January first 2000 and July first 2005 were retrospectively analyzed. Information regarding sex, age, length of stay, admission, diagnosis, and the way a patient died was registered. Post mortem information regarding natural versus unnatural death, autopsy and donation was obtained. Non-survivors were allocated in five groups: do-not-resuscitate (DNR, withholding and/or withdrawal of therapy (W/W, failed cardiopulmonary resuscitation (failed CPR, brain death (BD, and terminal organ failure (TOF. Results During the study period 87 (4.4% of the 1995 admitted patients died. Non-survivors were more often admitted during the day (54% and the week (68%. W/W was found in 27.6%, TOF in 26.4%, BD in 23.0%, failed CPR in 18.4%, and DNR in 4.6%. Forty-three percent died in the first two days, of which BD (40.5% and failed CPR (37.8% were most common. Seventy-five children (86% died due to a natural cause. Autopsy permission was obtained in 19 of 54 patients (35%. The autopsies confirmed the clinical diagnosis in 11 patients, revealed new information in 5 patients, and in 3 patients the autopsy did not provide additional information. Nine patients were medically suitable for organ donation and 24 patients for tissue donation, whereas consent was only obtained in 2 cases in both groups. Conclusion We observed that 43% of the patients died within the first two days of admission due to BD and failed CPR, whereas after 4 days most patients died after W/W. Autopsy remains an useful tool to confirm clinical diagnoses or to provide new information. Only a small percentage of the deceased children is suitable for organ donation.

  14. Kennisbasisse, gebruikspatrone en gebruikshindernisse ten opsigte van die riglyne vir die ontwikkeling en validering van personeelkeuringsprosedures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Boolsen

    1996-06-01

    Full Text Available The guidelines for the validation and use of personnel selection procedures: knowledge, usage and obstacles. Selection is a key human resources function in any organization. Expected changes in South African Labour Law combined with the importance of advancing organizational efficiency lead in 1992 to the publication of the Guidelines on the Development and Validation of Personnel Selection Procedures. The study in question is aimed at a description of the current knowledge base, usage patterns and usage obstacles vis-a-vis the Guidelines of a specific group of human resource specialists in South Africa. Recommendation based on the research findings are made. Opsomming Keuring is 'n sleutel menslike hulpbronbestuursfunksie in enige onderneming. Verwagte veranderinge in Suid-Afrikaanse Arbeidswetgewing en die noodsaaklikheid van die bevordering van organisatoriese doeltreffendheid lei in 1992 tot die publikasie van die Riglyne vir die Ontwikkeling en Validering van Personeelkeuringsprosedures. Die onderhawige studie is gerig op 'n beskrywing van die heersende kennisbasisse, gebruikspatrone en gebruiks- hindernisse vis-a-vis die Riglyne by 'n spesifieke groep menslike hulpbronkundiges in Suid-Afrika. Aanbevelings word op grond van die bevindinge gemaak.

  15. Die effek van regstellende aksie op die streservaring van 'n groep swart werknemers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. S. Van Zyl

    1998-06-01

    Full Text Available The effect of affirmative action on the experience of stress among a group of black employees. The purpose of this study was to identify the nature of stress-symptoms among a group of black employees who were subjected to affirmative action as well as among a group of black employees not involved in affirmative action. The Experience of Work and Life Circumstances Questionnaire was applied to 30 black employees who were subjected to affirmative action (research group and to 40 black employees who were not subjected to affirmative action. The results have shown that the research group showed a significant higher score on dissatisfaction than the criterion group and that the group which was not subjected to affirmative action scored significantly higher on aggression. In the light of this, a few recommendations have been made. Opsomming Die doel met die studie was om die tipiese simptome van stres onder 'n groep swart werknemers betrokke by regstellende optrede, sowel as die wat nie aan regstellende aksies blootgestel is nie, te identifiseer. Die Ervaring van Werk en Lewensomstandighede-vraelys is op 30 swart werknemers wat aan regstellende aksic blootgestel is (ondersoekgroep en 40 swart werknemers wat nie aan regstellende aksie blootgcstel is nie, toegepas. Resultate toon dat die ondersoekgroep beduidend meer ontcvredenheid as die vergelykbare groep ervaar het, terwyl die groep wat nie aan regstellende aksies blootgestel is nie, 'n beduidend hoër telling op aggressie behaal het. In die lig hiervan is enkele aanbevelings gemaak.

  16. 'n Ondersoek na die potensiaal-bepaling van werknemers in die landbousektor.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. C. D. Augustyn

    1989-05-01

    Full Text Available An investigation into determining the potential of workers in the agricultural sector. Industrial Psychological principles and concepts are not being applied extensively in the agricultural sector. Against this background an attempt was made to scientifically identify potential and predict job performance amongst farm labourers. Using the PAQ method of job analysis, critical attributes were identified and a satisfactorily valid battery of tests was developed. The results of this study underlines the importance of the identification of the potential of farm labourers as a first step in the personnel management process. It also serves as a source of information that could be used by farmers for counselling purposes. Opsomming Wat die toepassing van Bedryfsielkundige beginsels en konsepte betref bestaan daar in die landboubedryf nog groot leemtes. Teen hierdie agtergrond is 'n poging aangewend om op 'n wetenskaplike wyse die potensiaal van plaasarbeiders te bepaal. Deur middel van die WOV-metode van posontleding is kritieke attribute by workers geidentifiseer en kon 'n toetsbattery met aanvaarbare geldigheid saamgestel word. Die resultate van die studie bevestig dat die identifisering van die potensiaal van plaaswerkers 'n noodsaaklike eerste stap in die personeelbestuursproses is. Dit kan ook met groot vrug as voorligtingshulpmiddel deur boere gebruik word.

  17. Kadmium in Valsbaai: moniteringspotensiaal van die mariene slak, Oxystele tigrina (Mollusca

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Koot Reinecke

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available n Opname is onderneem van die kadmiumvlakke in die tussengetygebied van Valsbaai, Suid-Afrika. Kadmiumkonsentrasies is seisoenaal bepaal in die water en sediment in verskillende lokaliteite. Die metings is oor ’n periode van een jaar gedoen deur seisoenaal monsters te versamel by ses verskillende versamelpunte in en een buite die baai. Dit is met behulp van atoom-absorpsiespektrofotometrie ontleed vir kadmium en die hoogste kontaminasievlakke is by die noordelike kusstreek gevind tussen Strand en Muizenberg waar die digsbevolkte gebiede en die eeste industriële aktiwiteit voorkom. Betekenisvolle variasie in konsentrasies van kadmium het seisoenaal en ruimtelik voorgekom. Die gemiddelde konsentrasies in die water en sediment was in sommige gevalle effens hoër as die vlakke wat deur die Suid-Afrikaanse waterkwalitetis-riglyne aanbeveel is. Kadmiumkonsentrasies is ook in versamelde eksemplare van die mariene slak Oxystele tigrina vir verskillende seisoene vir drie lokaliteite bepaal. Laboratoriumeksperimente is uitgevoer om die opname, akkumulasie en verlies van kadmium in verskillende organe van die tussen-getyslak, Oxystele tigrina te ondersoek. Weefselspesifi eke kadmiumkonsentrasies in kontrole- sowel as blootgestelde lewende eksemplare is vergelyk oor ’n blootstellingsperiode van veertien dae. Die eksperimentele slakke is aan twee subletale konsentrasies van onderskeidelik 0.20 en 0.40 µg/ml watergedraagde kadmium in die vorm van CdCl 2 blootgestel. Die proefdiere is gereeld gemonitor en kadmiumkonsentrasies is in verskillende organe, na suurvertering, atoomabsorpsie-spektrofotometries bepaal. Die resultate het ’n algemene toename van kadmium in die liggame van die slakke uitgewys. Kadmium is in variërende konsentrasies in alle weefsel gevind. ’n Ongeveer liniêre patroon van akkumulasie het aangetoon dat die metaal waarskynlik nie deur O. tigrina gereguleer is nie. Die metaal se teenwoordigheid het verskil tussen die sagteweefsel

  18. Die implikasies van artikel 2 (1 (a van die wet op die nasionale onderwysbeleid, 1967

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Bekker

    1969-03-01

    Full Text Available Op 31 Maart 1967 is die veelbesproke Wet op die Nasionale Onderwysbeleid, 1967 gepromulgeer. Daar is ’n raamwerk van tien beginsels neergelê wat onder meer handel oor sake soos Christelike karakter, nasionale karakter, moedertaalonderwys, die plek van die ouergemeenskap, vry onderwys, koordinasie op nasionale grondslag van leerplanne en kursusse, ens.

  19. Die uitbouing van die Bybelse kanon in antieke Judaïsme en die ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    31 Jul 2015 ... Vergelyk Eusebius, 'n anti-Marcionitiese skrywer wat in 192/3 n.C. werk; Historia. Ecclesiasfica V 17, 2. verder gestimuleer is. Talle nuwe geskrifte het die lig gesien waaroor die kerk besluite moes neem en waarteen die kerk afgrensings moes doen. Vroeë omlyning van die versameling van boeke.

  20. enkele fasette van die problematiek van die akademikus by die skryf ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    we, konferensies vir terugrapportering ens. ens. Op die oog of kan dit voor- kom asof die akademikus met soveel bronne te doen het dot hy eerder 'n oorvloed as te min inligting goon verkry. Hierdie aanname is egter van aile ... Feitlik aile dokumente in die SAWword opgestel met die uitsluitlike doel om vir weermagoptrede.

  1. liturgiese afleidings uit die kontinuïteit en diskontinuïteit van die ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    die Nagmaal, om telkens liturgiese afleidings daaruit te probeer maak. 2. DIE ONTWIKKELING VAN DIE PASGA VAN DIE. EKSODUS TOT DIE TyD VAN ChRISTUS. Die Pasga is waarskynlik die een Ou-Testamentiese fees wat van belang is vir die navorsing oor die Nagmaal, juis omdat Jesus die Pasga doelbewus gekies.

  2. DIE OPENBARINGSLEER VAN SCHILDER

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    23 Volgens Schilder: ...maar God wil geen openbaring geven, die den mensch als't ware onder hypnose brengt en hem in dien zin overweldig (Om Woord en kerk III 1951:11). 24 Volgens Schilder: Maar de onuitputtelijkheid van het teeken komt u herinneren, dat heden Gods zelfopenbaring haar voltooiing begint; dat ge nu ...

  3. Die Kunst des Scheiterns

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Juul, Jesper

    2014-01-01

    Menschen haben von Kindesbeinen an das Verlangen, Erfolge zu erzielen und Kompetenz zu erreichen. Computerspieler entscheiden sich jedoch fortlaufend für eine Aktivität, die oft und wiederholt zum Verlieren führen muss und ein taubes Gefühl der Unfähigkeit erzeugt. Im Kino, im Theatersaal und bei...

  4. Deutschland und die Araber

    OpenAIRE

    Maguid Saad Salamah

    2014-01-01

    Die traditionellen Freundschaftsbande zwischen Deutschen und Arabern haben sich in den letzten Jahren fester geschlossen, bis sie eine aktive Teilnahme seitens Deutschlands bei der Industrialiserung der arabischen Länder und der Gewährung jeder gewünschten technischen oder kulturellen Hilfe wurden. 

  5. When Somebody Dies

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... who we are. No one really knows what happens to a person's soul after death. There are many different beliefs about that, and it's best to talk with your family to find out what they believe happens after our bodies die. Then you can decide ...

  6. Tegnologie en die mens

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hellriegel en Slocum vat egter verskeie teoriee saam wanneer hulle se daar 'n indiwiduele en organisasie weerstandsproses is en dat organi- satoriese verandering slegs teweeg gebring kan word indien bestuur hierdie prosesse kan her- ken en verstaan. Die indiwiduele weerstands- proses word gekenmerk deur kragte ...

  7. Die skool en die onderwyser as faktore in die geestesgesondheid van die kind*

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. C. Schutte

    1961-03-01

    Full Text Available Ons hou geestesgesondheidsweke, stig beroepsentrums, samel geld in om mense wat geestelik siek is te genees, klae oor die tekort aan psigiaters, kliniese sielkundiges, bedryfsielkundiges, voorligters, skoolpsigoloë,ens. ’n Karige kwarteeu gelede het ons aan al hierdie dinge slegs akademiese aandag gewy. In hierdie kursus wordverskeie tipes kinders bespreek en geleer hoe om hulle probleme te benader.

  8. Die Kosmologie der Griechen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mittelstraß, J.

    Contents: 1. Mythische Eier. 2. Thales-Welten. 3. "Alles ist voller Götter". 4. Griechische Astronomie. 5. "Rettung der Phänomene". 6. Aristotelische Kosmololgie. 7. Aristoteles-Welt und Platon-Welt. 8. Noch einmal: die Göttlichkeit der Welt. 9. Griechischer Idealismus.

  9. Dying at home

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kiyanda, Brigitte Gagnon; Dechêne, Geneviève; Marchand, Robert

    2015-01-01

    Abstract Objective To demonstrate that it is possible for a team of palliative care nurses in an urban centre to care for more than 50% of their terminally ill patients at home until they die, and that medical care delivered in the home is a determining factor in death at home versus death in a hospital. Design Analysis of place of death of terminally ill patients who died in 2012 and 2013 (N = 212) and who had been cared for by palliative care nurses, by type of medical care. Setting The centre local de services communautaires (CLSC) in Verdun, Que, an urban neighbourhood in southwest Montreal. Participants A total of 212 terminally ill patients. Main outcome measures Rate of deaths at home. Results Of the 212 patients cared for at home by palliative care nurses, 56.6% died at home; 62.6% received medical home care from CLSC physicians, compared with 5.0% who did not receive medical home care from any physician. Conclusion Combined with a straightforward restructuring of the nursing care delivered by CLSCs, development of medical services delivered in the home would enable the more than 50% of terminally ill patients in Quebec who are cared for by CLSCs to die at home—something that most of them wish for. PMID:25873716

  10. Wat wil die apologetiek?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. W. Buys

    1980-03-01

    Full Text Available Oor die Apologetiek bestaan daar veel verwarring. “Men krijgt het gevoel, alsof men de hand gestoken heeft in een wespennest. Geen enkel vak der godgeleerdheid toont zulk een beeld van volslagen wanorde als dit” (Hepp, 1922, p. 16.

  11. Die skeppingsmites as simbole van psigiese prosesse

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    dig aangedui met 'n tekening van die Uroboros, die slang wat sy eie stert eet. Die antieke kaart word verder versier met tekeninge van diere, monsters en demoniese figure. Vier koppe met monde wat die wind uit die vier windrigtings blaas, word in die hoeke van die kaart geteken. Die Uroboros, diere, monsters en demone ...

  12. DIE SUID-AFRIKAANSE KAPELAANSDIENS (SAKD) EN ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    het. Die strategiese oorname van die Kaap deur Brittanje in 1806 het hierdie band bekragtig. Die Kerk van Engeland (Anglikaanse Kerk) het in 1534 as staatskerk van die Rooms-Katolieke Kerk afgeskei ná 'n twis tussen die Britse koning en die pous. Die Britse monarg is as konstitusionele hoof van die Anglikaanse Kerk ...

  13. Modelle in die onderrig van fisika

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. J. A. Smit

    1998-07-01

    Full Text Available Die rol van modelle in die onderrig van fisika is sedert die vroeë tagtigerjare erken. In die onderrig word die absent op die kwantitaiewe aspekte van die vak geplaas, terwyl die kwatitatiewe aspekte min aandag kry.

  14. Die ontwikkeling van 'n instrument vir die meting van die konstruk sielkundige diepte-orientasie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. C. De Jager

    1981-11-01

    Full Text Available The development of an instrument (the RD-Depth Questionnaire, Form B for measuring the construct psychological depth orientation is discussed. Results show that the questionnaire has satisfactory internal consistency and that the items of the questionnaire in general measure the same characteristic. Further research is needed to refine and improve the questionnaire until it meets all the psychometric requirements of a good measuring instrument.OpsommingDie ontwikkeling van 'n instrument (die RD-Diepte Vraelys, Vorm B vir die meting van die konstruk sielkundige diepteoriëntasie word bespreek. Resultate dui daarop dat die vraelys bevredigende interne bestendigheid toon en dat die items van die vraelys oor die algemeen dieselfde eienskap meet. Verdere navorsing word egter nog vereis om die vraelys te verfyn en te verbeter sodat dit aan al die psigometriese vereistes van 'n goeie meetinstrument sal voldoen.

  15. A STUDY OF THE VARIED AETIOLOGY AND CLINICAL PRESENTATION OF NEW ONSET SEIZURES IN POSTPARTUM PERIOD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ravindra Kumar Sudarsi

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND Seizures in the postpartum period are the major cause of mortality and morbidity. A variety of neurological disorders causing seizures may be encountered during pregnancy and puerperium. These disorders may be unrelated to pregnancy (e.g. Meningitis or peculiar to pregnancy (e.g. Eclampsia or. Pregnancy may affect the course of the pre-existing neurological disorders such as epilepsy. So, keeping in mind the varied aetiology of postpartum seizures and its response to appropriate treatment, our study has been conducted to find out the most common causes in our setup to guide the optimal therapy. AIM OF THE STUDY To study the varied aetiology and clinical presentation of new onset seizures in the postpartum period over a period of two years. MATERIALS AND METHODS 50 patients who developed first episode of seizures in postpartum period (that is after delivery to 6 weeks admitted to Osmania General Hospital on random selection. All women complaining of new onset seizure with in postpartum period up to 6 weeks. All those women who are known epileptics and who had seizures in the antenatal period were excluded from the study. The selected patients were studied in detail with history and physical examination. RESULTS Different causes for first episode of seizures in postpartum period are enlisted here. Cavernous sinus thrombosis in 17 patients, late postpartum eclampsia accounted for 13 patients, intracranial haemorrhage in 6 patients, ischaemic stroke in 5 patients, posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome in 4 patients, CNS infections in 6 patients, glioma in 1 patient, viral hepatitis in one patient, idiopathic in 3 patients. CONCLUSIONS Cavernous sinus thrombosis and late postpartum eclampsia constitute the major aetiology of first onset of seizes occurring in the postpartum period.

  16. Die integrasie van humoristiese tekste in die opleiding van taalonderwysstudente binne 'n konstruktivistiese paradigma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Estelle Kruger

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Die artikel beskryf ’n gevallestudie waarin humoristiese tekste in die onderrig van Afrikaans aan onderwysstudente geïntegreer is. Die betrokke navorsingsprogram is gebaseer op 'n onderrigprogram wat binne 'n konstruktivistiese paradigma ontwerp en aangebied is. Ná 'n literatuuroorsig van bestaande navorsing wat die aanwending van humor in onderrigsituasies regverdig, word die navorsingsmetode binne 'n kwalitatiewe raamwerk bespreek. Verskillende fases van die onderrigprogram geniet aandag, aangevul deur voorbeelde van onderrigmateriaal en -vrae om die leergebeure te fasiliteer. Laastens volg 'n bespreking van bevindinge wat uit die navorsingsprogram gespruit het, met spesifieke verwysing na die waarde van die skryf van limerieke en parodieë, asook webgebaseerde rolspeldebatte en virtuele kletskamers as deel van rekenaarondersteunde taalonderrig. Ter afronding word die deelnemende studente se refleksie en kommentaar op die onderrigprogram ook in aanmerking geneem. This article describes a case study in which humorous texts have formed part of the method of teaching Afrikaans course for education students. This particular research focuses on a teaching programme conceptualised and executed within a constructivist paradigm. A literature review of research on the use of humour in teaching purposes is followed by a description of the qualitative methodology used. Specific examples of the educational material used in the different phases of the teaching programme and the questions posed to facilitate the learning process are then provided. This is followed by a discussion of the results of the research programme, focusing on the value of writing limericks and parodies, as well as on web-based role-play and chatrooms forming part of computer-assisted language teaching. The article ends with reflection and commentary by the education students who participated in the research programme.

  17. Influence of die geometry and material selection on the behavior of protective die covers in closed-die forging

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Yingyan; Rosenstock, Dirk; Wolfgarten, Martin; Hirt, Gerhard

    2016-10-01

    Due to the fact that tooling costs make up to 30% of total costs of the final forged part, the tool life is always one main research topic in closed-die forging [1]. To improve the wear resistance of forging dies, many methods like nitriding and deposition of ceramic layers have been used. However, all these methods will lose its effect after a certain time, then tool repair or exchange is needed, which requires additional time and costs. A new method, which applies an inexpensive and changeable sheet metal on the forging die to protect it from abrasive wear, was firstly proposed in [2]. According to the first investigation, the die cover is effective for decreasing thermal and mechanical loads, but there are still several challenges to overcome in this concept, like wrinkling and thinning of the die cover. Therefore, an experimental study using different geometries and die cover materials is presented within this work. The results indicate the existence of feasible application cases of this concept, since conditions are found under which a die cover made of 22MnB5 still keeps its original shape even after 7 forging cycles.

  18. The expedition ARCTIC `96 of RV `Polarstern` (ARK XII) with the Arctic Climate System Study (ACSYS). Cruise report; Die Expedition ARCTIC `96 des FS `Polarstern` (ARK XII) mit der Arctic Climate System Study (ACSYS). Fahrtbericht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Augstein, E.

    1997-11-01

    The multinational expedition ARCTIC `96 was carried out jointly by two ships, the German RV POLARSTERN and the Swedish RV ODEN. The research programme was developed by scientists from British, Canadian, Finish, German, Irish, Norwegian, Russian, Swedish and US American research institutions and universities. The physical programme on POLARSTERN was primarily designed to foster the Arctic Climte System Study (ACSYS) in the framework of the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP). Investigations during the recent years have provided substantial evidence that the Arctic Ocean and the adjacent shelf seas play a significant role in the thermohaline oceanic circulation and may therefore have a distinct influence on global climate. Consequently the main ACSYS goals are concerned with studies of the governing oceanic, atmospheric and hydrological processes in the entire Arctic region. (orig.) [Deutsch] Die Expedition ARCTIC `96 wurde von zwei Forschungsschiffen, der deutschen POLARSTERN und der schwedischen ODEN unter Beteiligung von Wissenschaftlern und Technikern aus Deutschland, Finnland, Grossbritannien, Irland, Kanada, Norwegen, Russland, Schweden und den Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika durchgefuehrt. Die physikalischen Projekte auf der POLARSTERN dienten ueberwiegend der Unterstuetzung der Arctic Climate System Study (ACSYS) des Weltklimaforschungsprogramms, die auf die Erforschung der vorherrschenden ozeanischen, atmosphaerischen, kryosphaerischen und hydrologischen Prozesse der Arktisregion ausgerichtet ist. (orig.)

  19. 76 FR 27287 - Port Access Route Study: In the Bering Strait; Extension of Comment Period

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-11

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 167 Port Access Route Study: In the Bering Strait; Extension of Comment...: In the Bering Strait. In this action, USCG is providing notice that the public comment period is... of Study and request for comments for the Port Access Route Study: In the Bering Strait (75 FR 68568...

  20. Transferring patients home to die: what is the potential population in UK critical care units?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coombs, Maureen A; Darlington, Anne-Sophie E; Long-Sutehall, Tracy; Pattison, Natalie; Richardson, Alison

    2017-03-01

    Most people when asked, express a preference to die at home, but little is known about whether this is an option for critically ill patients. A retrospective cohort study was undertaken to describe the size and characteristics of the critical care population who could potentially be transferred home to die if they expressed such a wish. Medical notes of all patients who died in, or within 5 days of discharge from seven critical care units across two hospital sites over a 12-month period were reviewed. Inclusion/exclusion criteria were developed and applied to identify the number of patients who had potential to be transferred home to die and demographic and clinical data (eg, conscious state, respiratory and cardiac support therapies) collected. 7844 patients were admitted over a 12-month period. 422 (5.4%) patients died. Using the criteria developed 100 (23.7%) patients could have potentially been transferred home to die. Of these 41 (41%) patients were diagnosed with respiratory disease. 53 (53%) patients were conscious, 47 (47%) patients were self-ventilating breathing room air/oxygen via a mask. 20 (20%) patients were ventilated via an endotracheal tube. 76 (76%) patients were not requiring inotropes/vasopressors. Mean time between discussion about treatment withdrawal and time of death was 36.4 h (SD=46.48). No patients in this cohort were transferred home. A little over 20% of patients dying in critical care demonstrate potential to be transferred home to die. Staff should actively consider the practice of transferring home as an option for care at end of life for these patients. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/.

  1. Proteienbronnien die rantsoenev an groeiendev arke 3. 'n ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Die mvloed wat di6 vcrvangingo p die groer,i doeltreffendheid van voerverbruik en karkassamestell ing van vleisvarkeg ehad het , is ondersoek. Die resul tate in hierdic studie verkry, dui daarop dat afgeroomdem elk wel suksesvogl ebruik kan word om vismeel gedeeltelik as proteibnbron op 'n ekwivalentep roteibn en ...

  2. die optimum insluitingspeil van verhitte volvet sojaboonmeel en ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    dies kan moontlik aan twee faktore toegeskryf word. Kemm (1981) het diete met hodr energiepeile gebruik, gemiddeld 139 MJVE teenoor die 13,2 MJ van die diete in hierdie studie gebruik, Verder was hodr volvet soja- boonpeile ingesluit, tussen 17 en 26% , met proteibn- peile wat gevolglik tussen 13,9 en 16,4% gevariedr ...

  3. proteienbronne in die rantsoene van groeiende varke 2. 'n vergel ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    McMillen, 1953; Terrill, Becker, Norton, Warden &. Adams, 1954; Batterham, 1970; Batterham & Manson,. 1970: Stockland, Meade & Nordstrom, 1971). Hierdie studie is gevolglik uitgevoer om onder- soek in te stel na die invloed wat die gedeeltelike ver- vanging van vismeel met varkkarkasmeel op die groei, voeromset en ...

  4. Teologiese opleíding tydens die Reformasie

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The profound changes in theological education during and after the ... heritage of this movement for theological education in today's cultural and ..... 1521:455). So is die teologiese studie soms 'n pyniike proses van geestelike groei en rypwording wat met die akademiese werk moet saamgaan. Die tentatio continua, wat van ...

  5. Die faktorstruktuur van Bass se veelfaktor- leierskapsvraelys in die Suid-Afrikaanse konteks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C .P. Ackermann

    2000-06-01

    Full Text Available The factor structure of Bass's Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire in the South African context. The aim of the study was to determine whether the factor structure of Bass's Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (MLQ, as a measure of transformational leadership, could be replicated within the South African context. The MLQ was chosen not only because it promised to be a valid and reliable measuring instrument of the construct in question, but also due to the fact that there was an urgent need for such an instrument in the management of human resources within organisations undergoing transformation. The MLQ was administered to 406 subjects within the military context and was subjected to factor analysis and item analysis. The factor analysis yielded three factors, namely transformational leadership, transactional leadership and avoidance of leadership ("laissez faire" leadership. The reliabilities of the scales were determined by means of Cronbach's coefficient alpha, and yielded coefficients of 0,944, 0,736 and 0,803 respectively. The factor structure as conceptualised by Bass (1985 was largely confirmed in the present study. Opsomming Die doel van die studie was om vas te stel of die faktorstruktuur van die Veelfaktorleierskapsvraelys (MLQ van Bass, as maatstafvan transformasionele leierskap, in die Suid-Afrikaanse konteks gerepliseer kon word. Die MLQ is gekies omdat dit belofte inhou as n geldige en betroubare meetinstrument van die onderhawige konstruk, en ook weens die feit dat daar 'n dringende behoefte bestaan aan so n instrument vir gebruik in die bestuur van menslike hulpbronne in organisasies tydens verandering. Die MLQ is op 406 proefpersone binne militêre konteks toegepas, en aan n faktorontleding en n itemontleding onderwerp. Die faktorontleding het drie faktore opgelewer, te wete transformasionele leierskap, transaksionele leierskap en vermyding van leierskap ("laissez faire"-leierskap. Die betroubaarheid van die skale is bepaal

  6. ’n Teoretiese besinning oor die implikasies van die filosofie van tegnologie vir kriteria vir vakkurrikulumontwikkeling en -evaluering

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Piet Ankiewicz

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Tegnologie-onderwys wat wêreldwyd nog relatief nuut is, het nie ’n uitgebreide navorsingsbasis, goed gevestigde klaskamerpraktyk en ’n wetenskaplik deurdagte,vakgefundeerde, filosofiese raamwerk waarop dit kan steun nie. Tegnologie is ook ’n ontwikkelende skoolvak sonder ’n ekwivalente akademiese dissipline waarop kurrikulumontwikkeling en klaskamerpraktyk kan bou. Teen hierdie agtergrond is die Kurrikulum-en-assesseringsbeleidverklaring (KABV vir Tegnologie byvoorbeeld in 2014 in die senior fase amptelik geïmplementeer. Daar is wye reaksie op die intensionele of gespesifiseerde vakkurrikulum, hetsy positief of negatief, vanaf verskillende rolspelers en belangegroepe. Dog by die gebrek aan vakfilosofies gefundeerde kriteria vir die ontwikkeling en evaluering van die intensionele tegnologiekurrikulum is dit dikwels nie duidelik of sulke reaksie geregverdig is nie. Gevolglik is dit onmoontlik om sodanige vakkurrikula na waarde te beoordeel. Gebaseer op Mitcham se raamwerk, rapporteer die literatuur oor ’n filosofiese raamwerk vir tegnologie, wat rigtinggewend is vir tegnologieklaskamerpraktyk, tegnologieonderwyseropleiding en vir Wetenskap-, Tegnologie- en Samelewing-studies (WTS. Die doel van hierdie artikel was om ondersoek in te stel hoe ’n wetenskaplik deurdagte, filosofiese raamwerk vir tegnologie rigtinggewend in die ontwikkeling en evaluering van tegnologiekurrikula kan wees. Die volgende navorsingsvraag het as vertrekpunt vir die teoretiese besinning gedien: Gebaseer op die vier wyses waarop tegnologie manifesteer – naamlik as objek, kennis, aktiwiteit, en wilshandeling – watter wetenskaplik gefundeerde kriteria kan afgelei word vir die ontwikkeling en evaluering van die intensionele tegnologiekurrikula? As antwoord is dit belangrik dat die kurrikulumontwikkelaars en -evalueerders hulle deeglik vergewis van die filosofiese raamwerk vir tegnologie wat rigtinggewend vir vakkurrikulumontwikkeling en -evaluering is.

  7. Incubation period and immune function: A comparative field study among coexisting birds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palacios, M.G.; Martin, T.E.

    2006-01-01

    Developmental periods are integral components of life history strategies that can have important fitness consequences and vary enormously among organisms. However, the selection pressures and mechanisms causing variation in length of developmental periods are poorly understood. Particularly puzzling are prolonged developmental periods, because their selective advantage is unclear. Here we tested the hypotheses that immune function is stronger in species that are attacked at a higher rate by parasites and that prolonged embryonic development allows the development of this stronger immune system. Through a comparative field study among 12 coexisting passerine bird species, we show that species with higher blood parasite prevalence mounted stronger cellular immune responses than species with lower prevalence. These results provide support for the hypothesis that species facing greater selection pressure from parasites invest more in immune function. However, species with longer incubation periods mounted weaker cellular immune responses than species with shorter periods. Therefore, cellular immune responses do not support the hypothesis that longer development time enhances immunocompentence. Future studies should assess other components of the immune system and test alternative causes of variation in incubation periods among bird species. ?? Springer-Verlag 2005.

  8. Die reaksie van die diatoom gemeenskapstruktuur op endosulfiene blootstelling: ‘n Mesocosm benadering

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Steven Osmond

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Baie studies is al voltooi op diatome in Suid-Afrika, met ‘n aansienlike groot spesie databasisvir die doel van identifisering van spesies. Tydens biomonitering en water analises word hierdie alge as ‘n betroubare maatstaf gebruik vir die ondersoek van vars water gesondheid.

  9. Failures of dies for die-casting of aluminium alloys

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kosec, B.

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Die-casting dies for casting of aluminum alloys fail because of a great number of different and simultaneously operating factors. Material selection, die design, and thermal stress fatigue generated by the cyclic working process (heat checking, as well as to low and inhomogeneous initial die temperature contribute to the failures and cracks formation on/in dies for die-casting of aluminium alloys. In the frame of the presented investigation work the intensity and homogeneity of the temperature fields on the working surface of the testing die were checked through thermographic measurements, and failures and cracks on the working surface of the die were analysed with non-destructive metallographic examination methods.

  10. Die betrokkenheid van die Nederduitsch Hervormde Kerk by ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Bybelse geskiedenis - Ou Testament, Bybelvertaling, Skrifverklaring (metodo- logie, Ou en Nuwe Testament), Teologie (Ou en Nuwe Testament). • Bybelkunde 310. Bybelse geskiedenis - Ou Testament, kultuurhistories agtergrond van die Bybel, literatuursoorte en inleiding, hermeneutiek, Skrifverklaring en Teologie van die.

  11. Die wonder van Afrikaans: Totius en die bybelvertalers*

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. Dekker

    1959-03-01

    Full Text Available In die kort tydjie tot my beskikking kan ek slegs probeer om oor hierdie heel belangrike onderwerp, eintlik die sentrale onderwerp, van ons taalfees, enkele essensiële aspekte kortliks aan te raak.

  12. The study of the evolution of squares in 3 periods of Safavid, Qajar ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The study of the evolution of squares in 3 periods of Safavid, Qajar and Pahlavi with historical – evolutionary and form approach (Isfahan and Tehran styles) case study of Naqshe Jahan square in Isfahan, Ganjalikhan square in Kerman, Sabze Meydan and Toop.

  13. The Prevalence and Incidence of Glaucoma in Denmark in a Fifteen Year Period: A Nationwide Study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miriam Kolko

    Full Text Available The purpose of the present study was to describe the prevalence, incidence and geographic variation of glaucoma in Denmark in the period from 1996 to 2011. Moreover, the aim was to identify the treatment patterns of glaucoma within the studied period.All Danish citizens were included throughout the study period. The National Prescription Registry was used to identify all claimed prescriptions for glaucoma medication.A total of 116,592 incident glaucoma patients were identified. Average age at onset was 66 years (range: 0-105 years, 55% were women. The prevalence of glaucoma increased from 0.79% to 1.72% during the investigated period. In 2011 glaucoma affected 3.76% of the population above 50 years and 10% in patients above 80 years. The age-specific incidence rate of glaucoma seemed to be constant and the increasing prevalence was primarily attributed to an aging population. We found the highest prevalence of glaucoma in the capital region of Denmark. Within the studied period the use of prostaglandin analogs and combination drugs increased, whereas the use of β-blockers, carbon anhydrase inhibitors and parasympathomimetic drugs decreased (p<0.001. Finally, the use of α2-adrenergic agonists remained unchanged. A total of 75% of the patients were treated with two or more glaucoma medications.Over all, the present study is the first to assess the frequency and the development of glaucoma in Denmark over a 15-year period. We find that glaucoma affects a little less than 2% of the total population and increases with age to reach a prevalence of more than 10% amongst people above 80 years. Generally, the present study is the largest nation-wide study ever made and must be a close-to-real-life-picture of the utilization of glaucoma medication on a national scale. Our findings confirm other recent estimations on an increasing burden of glaucoma globally.

  14. The process of dying and managing the death event.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Twaddle, M L

    2001-06-01

    The end of life is a period of intensive care. It is imperative that physicians have training and skills in the care of dying patients. Understanding the process of dying and recognizing physical changes aids in prognostication. Skills in facilitating family coping, treating pain, respiratory distress and delirium are critical.

  15. Die eerste vertalings van die Heidelbergse Kategismus in Afrikaans

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dolf Britz

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Hierdie artikel diep die geskiedenis van die eerste vertalings van die Heidelbergse Kategismus in Afrikaans uit die primêre bronne op. Die Belydenisskrifte (insluitende die Kategismus is gedurende die eerste helfte van die twintigste eeu in Afrikaans oorgesit tydens ’n vertalingsprojek waaraan die drie Hollands-Afrikaanse Kerke van gereformeerde belydenis saamgewerk het. In hierdie geskiedenis kan drie fases onderskei word. Die aanvanklike fase (1913–1927 eindig in die gemeenskaplike oortuiging dat die werk aan die Bybelvertalers oorgelaat moet word. Daarmee is beslag gegee aan ’n tweede fase (1927–1936. In 1936 is die vertaling voltooi en in ’n Formulierboek vir die ‘drie Hollandse Kerke’ gepubliseer. Die derde fase (1936–1950 behels die ontvangs van die Formulierboek. Slegs die Gereformeerde Kerk in Suid-Afrika (GKSA het die vertaling amptelik aanvaar, omdat dit op die Nederlandse teksuitgawe berus het wat F.L. Rutgers in samewerking met Herman Bavinck en Abraham Kuyper in 1897 vir die Gereformeerde Kerken in Nederland besorg het. Die ander twee Kerke het aansluiting gevind by hulle eie negentiende-eeuse tekstradisie. In 1945 het die Nederduitsch Hervormde Kerk van Afrika (NHK ’n eie vertaling asBelydenisskrifte, gebede en formuliere die lig laat sien. Hierdie vertaling is gebaseer op die (Nederlandse krities bewerkte teksuitgawe wat Van Toornenbergen in sy boek, De symbolische schriften (1895, opgeneem het. Die Nederduitse Gereformeerde Kerk (NGK het in 1950 sy vertaling van die Belydenisskrifte en Formuliere voltooi. Dit is hoofsaaklik geanker in die (Nederlandse tekste van die Formulierboek der N.G. Kerk in Z. Afrika (1907, wat op sy beurt ook in ooreenstemming was met die tekstradisie waarmee Van Toornenbergen gewerk het. This article traces the history of the first Afrikaans translations of the Heidelberg Catechism from primary sources. In a mutual project the three Dutch-Afrikaans and reformed churches translated their

  16. Die waarde en uitdagings van diensleer vir tolkopleiding: die ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Studente behoort op so ʼn wyse na te dink oor die diensleeraktiwiteit dat hulle verdere begrip van en groter waardering vir die dissipline kry, sowel as ʼn verhoogde bewustheid van persoonlike eiewaarde en verantwoordelikheid teenoor die burgerlike samelewing ontwikkel (Bringle en Hatcher 1995:12). Teen hierdie ...

  17. op die veranderinge wat in die onderrig van Afrikaans plaasgevind ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    8 Apr 2016 ... gaan dink; “E toep”, wat toon hoe die rekenaar prakties in die klaskamer ge bruik kan word en “Toep”, wat praktiese toepassings van kernkonsepte in die klaskamer illustreer. Voorts word in elke hoofstuk vetgedrukte kernkonsepte; interessante en bruikbare tekste en uit gebreide oefeninge verskaf.

  18. Die kairos van die New Age: 'n Kultuurhistoriese skets

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    prophetic dreams, etc., are merely manifestations of the activity of those finer sen ses. Unreliable at first, like the infant's vision, they can be developed and trained, until the subtler worlds stand as an open book before the man.' Die ontvouing van die mens se kragte geskied volgens die teosowe stadig en geleidelik. Daarom ...

  19. 'n Verkenning van die soorte vennootskappe in die Amerikaanse reg ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In die Amerikaanse literatuur word talle verwysings gevind na die vennootskap in mynbou ("mining partnership"), familievennootskap ("family partnership", vennootskap in vaste eiendom ("partnership in real estate") en vennootskap vir boerdery ("farming partnership"). Hierdie onderskeiding is primer gebaseer op die tipe ...

  20. Die Leben Einsteins eine Reise durch die Geschichte der Physik

    CERN Document Server

    Fiami

    2005-01-01

    Jeder kennt die Namen Einstein, Newton oder Galilei. aber was weiss man über sie? Hier ein Porträt Einsteins anhand von sechs Meilensteinen aus der Geschichte der Physik. Einstein tritt auf als Protagonist in verschiedenen Epochen und bei verschiedenen Entdeckungen, die die Welt verändert haben.

  1. voorveronderstellings in die hantering van die verhouding tussen ou ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    1986. Teologie as kritiese geloofsverantwoording. Teorievorming in die sistematiese teologie. Pretoria: RGN. VAN ZYL A H. 1970. Die verhouding van die Ou en Nuwe Testament. In: W.D. Jonker, J.H.. Roberts & A.H. van Zyl (reds.), Hermeneutica. Erebundel aangebied aan Prof. E.P.. Groenewald by geleentheid van sy 65e ...

  2. 'n Vergelyking tussen die teologie van die Nederlandse ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    'Denken wij niet te weinig aan de engelen?' Miskien moet ons ook vra: Denken wij niet te weinig aan de hemelvaart?' veral ^ 'n mens sien watter ryke en troosryke betekenis die Heidelbergse Kategismus daaraan gee. Kort en kragtig stel die. Heidelbergse Kategismus die feit van Jesus Christus sc hemelvaart, maar voeg.

  3. N HERSIENING VAN DIE AFRIKAANSE VERTALING VAN DIE ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Test

    so^hoi) was nie dog sterrewiggelaars. EDGAR J. GooDPSEBD stel inderdaad ook voor om magoi in die engels te vertaal met "astro logers"^). Om die bekende wyses uit die Ooste nou te vervang met,. „sterre-wiggelaars" of selfs „astroloë" skyn ...

  4. n Oorsig van die huidige stand van navorsing oor die ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Test

    7 Jun 2011 ... duidelike beskrywing van die opponente nie (kyk Schmid. 2002; Van der Merwe 2007 vir volledige besprekings). In 'n poging om die opponente te identifiseer, word die direkte opmerkings wat wél oor hulle gemaak word met sekere indirekte opmerkings gekombineer ten einde 'n volledige prentjie te skets.

  5. Kweekskool teenoor teologiese fakulteit: Die ervaring van die ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    office, who have enjoyed the benefits of a liberal education' (Bullock 1955:18). Die predikant moet 'an educated man' wees (Bullock 1955:67). Aan die ...... Crafford, D 1982. Aan God die dank. Pretoria: NG Kerk Uitgewers. De Graaf, W 1955. Een monument der afscheiding. Kampen: Kok. 90. HTS SO/I A 2 (1994) ...

  6. Die gebruik van Afrikaans vir die notulering van hofverrigtinge ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Daar word tans nog van beide Afrikaans en Engels vir die notulering van verrigtinge in Suid-Afrikaanse howe gebruik gemaak. Sowel regeringswoordvoerders as die Minister van Justisie het egter te kenne gegee dat 'n eentalige Engelse bedeling ingevoer mag word. Hierdie artikel ontleed die saak vir en teen so 'n ...

  7. die ontstaan en ontwikkeling van die kwartiermeester-generaal

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    1 Okt 1976 ... (insluitende teg- niese voorrade, voertuie en ammunisie) be- hartig. Dit het die organisasie en werking van krygsbehoeftedepots ingesluit. Daar was geen tegniese voorraad depots nie. (ii) Die SA Intendans onder KMG se beheer het die kommissariaat en transportfunksies ver- rig, insluitende brandstof en ...

  8. duele verse sowel as die somtotaal die leser

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    27 Jan 2006 ... byt word aan manuskripte van ingesetenes in hierdie genre nie. Maar nog verblydender is die gehalte van die verse waarmee Gil- bert Gibson met Boomplaats sy formele in- trede tot die Afrikaanse poësie maak (hoe- wel hy reeds in Nuwe Stemme 2 – Tafelberg,. 2001 – gepubliseer het), want vir 'n debu-.

  9. Die aanspraak op Goddelike steun in 'n konfliksituasie volgens die ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Dit geld veral met betrekking tot goddelike 'eienskappe', waarvan ons hipoteties moet afsien, want die tekste self noem dit in concreto net binne konkrete relasies tussen God en mense. Verder sal ons die hermeneutiese benadering, wat ons die analogie-model genoem het, nie sonder baie goeie redes kan veronderstel nie ...

  10. Die ontwikkeling van menslike potensiaal in die Republiek van Suid ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Erna Kinsey

    :93). Die “Poverty Index Report” van die huidige rege- ring dui aan dat nagenoeg 50% van alle Suid-Afrikaners in armoede leef. Meer as 70% van alle armes word in die plattelandse gebiede aangetref en 61% van alle swartes is armes (Paton ...

  11. The Prevalence and Incidence of Glaucoma in Denmark in a Fifteen Year Period: A Nationwide Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thygesen, John; Jeppesen, Jørgen; Torp-Pedersen, Christian

    2015-01-01

    Purpose The purpose of the present study was to describe the prevalence, incidence and geographic variation of glaucoma in Denmark in the period from 1996 to 2011. Moreover, the aim was to identify the treatment patterns of glaucoma within the studied period. Methods All Danish citizens were included throughout the study period. The National Prescription Registry was used to identify all claimed prescriptions for glaucoma medication. Results A total of 116,592 incident glaucoma patients were identified. Average age at onset was 66 years (range: 0–105 years), 55% were women. The prevalence of glaucoma increased from 0.79% to 1.72% during the investigated period. In 2011 glaucoma affected 3.76% of the population above 50 years and 10% in patients above 80 years. The age-specific incidence rate of glaucoma seemed to be constant and the increasing prevalence was primarily attributed to an aging population. We found the highest prevalence of glaucoma in the capital region of Denmark. Within the studied period the use of prostaglandin analogs and combination drugs increased, whereas the use of β-blockers, carbon anhydrase inhibitors and parasympathomimetic drugs decreased (pDenmark over a 15-year period. We find that glaucoma affects a little less than 2% of the total population and increases with age to reach a prevalence of more than 10% amongst people above 80 years. Generally, the present study is the largest nation-wide study ever made and must be a close-to-real-life-picture of the utilization of glaucoma medication on a national scale. Our findings confirm other recent estimations on an increasing burden of glaucoma globally. PMID:26182236

  12. Die verhoudíng 'kerk en volk' in die jare 1835-1900 in die Oorvaalse ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    daaruit voongevloei het, het die verhouding van die kerk en die volk verander, óók omdat die inhoude van dié begrippe verander het. As op die veranderinge gelet word, is dit nogal opvallend dat in die situasie self nie altyd skerp onderskei is tussen kerk en volk nie en dat die onderskeidings dikwels nogal naief hanteer is.

  13. Split-field FDTD method for oblique incidence study of periodic dispersive metallic structures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baida, F I; Belkhir, A

    2009-08-15

    The study of periodic structures illuminated by a normally incident plane wave is a simple task that can be numerically simulated by the finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) method. On the contrary, for off-normal incidence, a widely modified algorithm must be developed in order to bypass the frequency dependence appearing in the periodic boundary conditions. After recently implementing this FDTD algorithm for pure dielectric materials, we here extend it to the study of metallic structures where dispersion can be described by analytical models. The accuracy of our code is demonstrated through comparisons with already-published results in the case of 1D and 3D structures.

  14. New Light Curves and Period Studies of V502 OPH W UMA System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Awadalla, Nabil S.

    NEW LIGHT CURVES AND PERIOD STUDIES OF V502 OPH W UMa SYSTEM N.S.Awadalla National Research Institute of Astronomy and Geophysics( NRIAG ) Helwan Cairo EGYPT New BVR photoelectric observations of the W UMa eclipsing binary system V502 Oph have been presented and analyzed. The geometric and physical elements of the system have been obtained and compared to the previous results. The classification of the system concerning the sub-type of the W UMa binary has been studied as well as its evolution stage. Its period variation in a view of the light time effect has been examin

  15. Spondarthritis hyperostotica pustulo-psoriatica - Review and a clinical-radiological study with special emphasis on SAPHO syndrome; Die Spondarthritis hyperostotica pustulo-psoriatica: Nosologische Studie mit klinischer und radiologischer Darstellung innerhalb des SAPHO-Syndroms

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schilling, F. [Radiologische Universitaetsklinik Mainz (Germany)]|[Zentrum fuer Rheuma-Pathologie, Mainz (Germany); Kessler, S. [Radiologische Universitaetsklinik Mainz (Germany)

    1998-12-01

    Spondarthritis hyperostotica pustulo-psoriatica (Spond.hyp.pp-Schilling), corresponding nosologically to pustulotic arthroosteitis, is a dermato-skeletal `double system` disease of adults. It consists of the triad (a) palmo-plantar pustulosis (Ppp) or, alternatively, Koenigsbeck-Barber-type psoriasis, (b) sternocostoclavicular hyperostosis (SCCH), and (c) truncal-skeletal changes with syndesmophite-like, hyperostotic and/or parasyndesmophite-like ossifications of layers of the anterior vertebral ligament taken together in the sense of a desmophytal hyperostosis. There is also a potential for sclerosing inflammatory arthritis of the sacro-iliac joints and `dry` inflammatory arthritis of the sacro-iliac joints and `dry` inflammatory arthritis of peripheral joints. Thus, the pustulo-psoriatic terrain seems to have a decisive influence on osseous pathology. A total of 38 cases from a study during the years 1982 to 1992 is analysed with regard to morphological characteristics. Rare cases with diaphyseal and pelvic hyperostotic lesions subsequent to bland sclerosing osteomyelitis constitute an overlapping region to chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO) and illustrate the relationship between hyperostotic spondarthritis and CRMO. The syndromes of `acquired hyperostosis` and `SAPHO`, the former more radiologically oriented and the latter more clinically oriented, together with mainly CRMO and hyperostotic spondarthritis and its forms, constitute the `Spond.hyp.pp.`. Although hyperostosis is a guidepost for the radiologist and SAPHO symptoms are one for the clinician, the syndrome does not represent a diagnosis by itself and requires further differentiation. In this report the entity `Spond.hyp.pp.` is considered and requires contributions from rheumatologically and osteologically oriented radiologist. (orig.) [Deutsch] Die vorliegende Uebersicht beschreibt unter vorwiegend radiologischen Gesichtspunkten das Krankheitsbild der Spondarthritis hyperostatica

  16. Die graad van werkbetrokkenheid: 'n Bipolere kontinuum?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. Roodt

    1994-06-01

    Full Text Available The degree of work involvement: a bipolar continuum? In a motivational approach towards the degree of work involvement work alienation and work involvement were conceptualized as extreme poles of a continuum. Some theorists even suggested that the continuum should be extended towards extreme work involvement. This study empirically investigated the possibility to conceptualize the degree of work involvement as a bipolar continuum. Results of this study show that low work involvement is an indicator of work alienation and that high work involvement is an indicator of workaholism and type A behaviour. Further proof of a bipolar continuum resulted from a confirmatory factor analysis on the work involvement questionnaire, because some items loaded negatively and others positively on the same factor. Opsomming In 'n motiveringsbenadering tot die graad van werkbetrokkenheid is werkvervreemding en -betrokkenheid as uiterste pole van 'n kontinuum gekonsepsualiseer. Sommige teoretici het selfs gesuggereer dat die kontinuum in die rigting van ekstreme werkbetrokkenheid uitgebrei moet word. Hierdie studie het die moontlikheid om die graad van werkbetrokkenheid as 'n bipolere kontinuum te konsepsualiseer, empirics ondersoek. Resultate van hierdie studie dui daarop dat lae werkbetrokkenheid 'n aanduider van werkvervreemding is en dat hoe werkbetrokkenheid 'n aanduider van werkbeheptheid en tipe A-gedrag is. Verdere stawing vir 'n bipolere kontinuum word deur 'n bevestigende faktorontleding op die werkbetrokkenheidvraelys verskaf, omdat sommige items negatief en ander positief op dieselfde faktor laai.

  17. Verrekening van die kragveld van die verbond in die inkleding van die kommunikatiewe driehoeksverhouding tussen teks, hoorder en prediker

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Friedrich W. de Wet

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available In hierdie artikel word die kommunikatiewe driehoeksverhouding tussen die Bybelse teks, die hoorders en die prediker homileties verken. Die probleemstelling waarmee gewerk word handel oor potensiële versteurings wat kan plaasvind in hierdie driehoeksverhouding wanneer die hoorders en die prediker in hulle menslike beperktheid in verbinding gebring word met die ewige Woord van God soos dit in die Bybelse teks na vore kom. In die loop van die artikel word die volgende aspekte verken: ’n Ideale tipering van die verhouding tussen die teks, hoorders en prediker waarin al drie faktore ’n regmatige plek het; die maniere waarop die kommunikatiewe driehoek in die spanningsveld tussen teks, hoorders en prediker kan skeeftrek; en pneumatologiese verankering van die kommunikatiewe driehoek in die kragveld van die verbondsruimte, waarin Jesus Christus versoenend (integrerend teenwoordig is. Die gevolgtrekking waartoe gekom word, is dat die prediker in die kragveld van die verbond in staat gestel word om getrou te bly aan die teks (waarin God aan die Woord kom, aan die hoorders (as mededeelgenote in die genade van God sowel as – in missionêre konteks – mense wat geroep word om deelgenote in hierdie genade te word en aan hom- of haarself (as nuwe mens in Christus sonder dat die verbintenis aan een element in die  kommunikatiewe driehoek die verbintenis aan die ander versteur of laat disintegreer.Reckoning with the force field of the covenant in aligning the communicative triangle between text, listener and preacher. In this article the communicative triangular relationship between the Biblical text, the listeners and the preacher is reflected upon from a homiletic point of view. The problem statement deals with potential distortions in this triangular relationship when the listeners and preacher (in their human finitude are brought into contact with the eternal Word of God as it proceeds from the Biblical text. In the course of the article the

  18. Volar locking plate (VLP) versus non-locking plate (NLP) in the treatment of die-punch fractures of the distal radius, an observational study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Xiong; Hu, Chunhe; Yu, Kunlun; Bai, Jiangbo; Tian, Dehu; Xu, Yi; Zhang, Bing

    2016-10-01

    This study aims to evaluate whether volar locking plate was superior over non-locking plate in the treatment of die-punch fractures of the distal radius. A total of 57 patients with closed die-punch fractures of the distal radius were included and analyzed. Of them, 32 were treated by non-locking plate (NLP) and the remaining 25 were treated by volar locking plate (VLP). Preoperative radiographs, computer tomographs and three-dimensional reconstruction, radiographs taken at immediate postoperation and at last follow-up were extracted and evaluated. Patients' electronic medical records were inquired and related demographic and medical data were documented. The documented contents were volar tilt, radial inclination, ulnar variance, grip strength, Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (DASH) and visual analog scale (VAS) scores and complications. VLP group demonstrated a significantly reduced radial subsidence of 1.5 mm (0.7 versus 2.2 mm), during the interval of bony union (P NLP group. Larger proportion of patients (88% versus 62.5%) in VLP group gained acceptable joint congruity (step-off NLP groups, although the difference did not approach to significance (P = 0.339, 0.372). VLP leaded to significantly better results of reduction maintainance and the final joint congruity than NLP, while reducing overall and major complications. However, the results should be treated in the context of limitations and the clinical significance of the difference required further studies to investigate. Copyright © 2016 IJS Publishing Group Ltd. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  19. Die Rolle von RANK-Ligand und Osteoprotegerin bei Osteoporose

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hofbauer LC

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Receptor activator of nuclear factor (NF- κB ligand (RANKL, sein zellulärer Rezeptor RANK und der Decoy-Rezeptor Osteoprotegerin (OPG stellen ein essentielles Zytokinsystem für die Zellbiologie von Osteoklasten dar. Verschiedene Untersuchungen belegen die Bedeutung von Störungen des OPG/RANKL/RANK-Systems bei der Pathogenese metabolischer Knochenerkrankungen. In dieser Arbeit werden die wichtigsten Störungen des OPG/RANKL/RANK-Systems bei verschiedenen Osteoporoseformen dargestellt. Östrogenrezeptor- (ER- Agonisten wie 17 β-Östradiol, Raloxifen und Genistein stimulieren die osteoblastäre Produktion von OPG durch Aktivierung von ER- α in vitro, während Lymphozyten von Patientinnen mit Östrogenmangel RANKL überexprimieren. Die parenterale Gabe von OPG vermag den mit Östrogenmangel assoziierten Knochenverlust im Tiermodell und in einer kleineren klinischen Studie zu verhindern. Glukokortikoide und Immunsuppressiva steigern gleichzeitig die RANKL-Expression und hemmen die OPG-Produktion in osteoblastären Zellen in vitro. Glukokortikoide sind auch in vivo imstande, die OPG-Serumspiegel deutlich zu reduzieren. Dagegen hemmen biomechanische Reize in vitro die RANKL-Produktion und steigern die OPG-Produktion. Ein Fehlen dieser biomechanischen Reize bei längerer Immobilisierung kann daher den RANKL/OPG-Quotienten steigern, während die tierexperimentelle Immobilisierungs-Osteoporose durch die parenterale Gabe von OPG gemildert werden kann.

  20. "Einfach anders als die anderen"

    OpenAIRE

    Müller, Stefanie

    2007-01-01

    Stefanie Müller erfasst in ihrem Text die Biographie von Anna, einer jungen Frau, die von ihrer Zeit vor, während und nach dem Verlassen der Gemeinschaft der Zeugen Jehovas berichtet. Der Essay ist halbfiktional und entstand aus verschiedenen Interviews mit ehemaligen Zeugen Jehovas. Die Autorin fasst gemeinsame Aussagen der Akteure zusammen und kreiert eine fiktionale Person dessen Leben vor und nach den Zeugen Jehovas geschildert wird. Die Fragestellung ist diskursiv in den Text integriert ...