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Sample records for strukture novoj fazy

  1. Fructan active enzymes (FAZY) activities and biosynthesis of fructooligosaccharides in the vacuoles of Agave tequilana Weber Blue variety plants of different age.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mellado-Mojica, Erika; González de la Vara, Luis E; López, Mercedes G

    2017-02-01

    Biosynthesis of agave fructans occurs in mesontle vacuoles which showed fluctuations in FAZY activities and synthesized a diverse spectrum of fructooligosaccharide isomers. Agave tequilana Weber Blue variety is an important agronomic crop in Mexico. Fructan metabolism in A. tequilana exhibits changes in fructan content, type, degree of polymerization (DP), and molecular structure. Specific activities of vacuolar fructan active enzymes (FAZY) in A. tequilana plants of different age and the biosynthesis of fructooligosaccharides (FOSs) were analyzed in this work. Vacuoles from mesontle (stem) protoplasts were isolated and collected from 2- to 7-year-old plants. For the first time, agave fructans were identified in the vacuolar content by HPAEC-PAD. Several FAZY activities (1-SST, 6-SFT, 6G-FFT, 1-FFT, and FEH) with fluctuations according to the plant age were found in protein vacuolar extracts. Among vacuolar FAZY, 1-SST activities appeared in all plant developmental stages, as well as 1-FFT and FEH activities. The enzymes 6G-FFT and 6-SST showed only minimal activities. Lowest and highest FAZY activities were found in 2- and 6-year-old plants, respectively. Synthesized products (FOS) were analyzed by TLC and HPAEC-PAD. Vacuolar FAZYs yielded large FOS isomers diversity, being 7-year-old plants the ones that synthesized a greater variety of fructans with different DP, linkages, and molecular structures. Based on the above, we are proposing a model for the FAZY activities constituting the FOS biosynthetic pathways in Agave tequilana Weber Blue variety.

  2. Struktur Metafora Melayu Pada Gurindam Dua Belas

    OpenAIRE

    Muliani, Suri

    2010-01-01

    Skripsi ini berjudul “ Struktur Metafora Melayu Pada Gurindam Dua Belas”. Dalam penulisan skripsi ini penulis menggunakan metode penelitian kepustakaan dengan mengumpulkan data atau bahan-bahan yang berhubungan dengan struktur metafora. Pembahasan dalam skripsi ini merupakan pemaparan tentang struktur metafora Melayu, yang bertujuan untuk menjelaskan tentang jenis-jenis metafora ditinjau dari sintaksis. Dalam hal ini objek penelitiannya adalah puisi rakyat yaitu gurindam. Dari hasil penelitia...

  3. Lakon Baratayuda Versi Klaten: Kajian Struktur Naratif

    OpenAIRE

    Endah Budiarti

    2013-01-01

    Tulisan ini dimaksudkan untuk menemukan aliran tindakan hero dalam Lakon Baratayuda versi Klaten. Teori struktur cerita rakyat Vladimir Propp diadaptasi dan dimodifikasi dalam tulisan ini. Teori Propp mengatakan bahwa sebuah cerita rakyat memiliki struktur yang dibentuk dari fungsi-fungsi yang bergerak berurutan. Berdasarkan teori tersebut, metode analisis yang digunakan dalam tulisan ini adalah metode struktural model Propp. Upaya untuk dapat menemukan aliran tindakan sang hero p...

  4. Pendugaan Struktur Patahan Dengan Metode Gaya Berat

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    Ibrahim Sota

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Telah dilakukan penelitian tentang pendugaan struktur patahan mengguankan metode gayaberat. Kontras densitas tersebut berasosiasi dengan ketebalan sedimen dan keberadaan struktur patahan atau lipatan. Untuk mengetahui lokasi patahan dan lipatan maka anomali residual terlebih dahulu dipisahkan dari anomali total (anomali Bouguer dengan metode perata-rataan bergerak. Kontur anomali residual memperlihatkan keberadaan lipatan dan patahan secara kualitatif sedangkan interpretasi kuantitatif dengan pemodelan kedepan 2D memperlihatkan secara jelas lokasi patahan. Dari hasil penelitian diperoleh bahwa lokasi patahan/sesar naik berada di bagian timurlaut yang berorientasi baratlaut-tenggara sedangkan patahan/sesar normal tersebar secara lokal yang juga berorientasi baratlaut-tenggara.

  5. KARAKTERISASI STRUKTUR MIKRO DAN STRUKTUR KRISTAL FILM TEBAL FETIO3 DARI BAHAN MINERAL INDONESIA

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    Yus Rama Denny

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Telah dilakukan studi awal pembuatan dan pengolahan bahan mineral Indonesia sebagai bahan dasar pembuatan termistor NTC. Bahan mineral yarosit dari alam dimurnikan dengan larutan HCl, diendapkan dengan menggunakan NH4OH dan dipanaskan pada suhu kalsinasi 700oC selama 2 jam. Pembuatan termistor NTC dilakukan dengan mecampurkan serbuk yarosit hasil pemurnian dan pengendapan dengan TiO2. Pasta termistor FeTiO3 dicetak dipermukaan alumina substrat dengan metode screen printing, kemudian dilakukan pemanasan pada suhu 500oC selama 1 jam diruangan udara dilanjutkan disinter pada suhu 1100oC selama 1 jam diruangan hidrogen. Sifat listrik keramik film tebal hasil sinter diukur pada berbagai suhu. Struktur kristal dievaluasi dengan difraksi sinar x (XRD, dan struktur mikro dievaluasi dengan menggunakan SEM (Scanning Electron Microscope. Data analisis XRD memperlihatkan bahwa seluruh keramik film tebal berstruktur heksagonal (Illiminite. Data struktur mikro dan sifat listrik memperlihatkan bahwa termistor dari yarosit memenuhi kebutuhan pasar.

  6. ANALISIS PENGARUH PERUBAHAN EARNINGS DAN RISIKO PASAR TERHADAP STRUKTUR MODAL

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    Endi Sarwoko

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguji perbedaan rata-rata struktur modal antar industri, menguji pengaruh perubahan earnings perusahaan terhadap struktur modal, dan menguji pengaruh risiko pasar dengan struktur modal perusahaan. Struktur modal dalam penelitian ini diproksikan dengan debt to equity ratio dan debt to total assets. Data diperoleh dari Pojok Bursa Efek Jakarta (BEJ Universitas Brawijaya, sampel sebanyak 40 perusahaan yang diambil secara Purposive dengan kriteria perusahaan-perusahaan tersebut aktif mencatatkan laporan keuangannya di BEJ dan aktif melakukan perdagangan saham selama 6 tahun terakhir. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa terdapat pengaruh terbalik antara perubahan earnings perusahaan terhadap D/E tetapi perubahan earnings ternyata tidak berpengaruh signifikan terhadap D/A. Risiko pasar tidak berpengaruh signifikan terhadap debt to equity, hasil ini menunjukkan bahwa ketika akan melakukan pembelian saham investor tidak mempertimbangkan risiko pasar. Sedangkan berdasarkan pengaruh terhadap D/A diperoleh hasil risiko pasar berpengaruh signifikan terhadap debt to total assets,  manajemen perusahaan sangat memperhatikan dampak risiko pasar dalam menentukan kebijakan struktur modal perusahaan, karena dalam memberikan pinjaman kreditur biasanya sangat mempertimbangkan aset yang dimiliki perusahaan didanai dari mana, hutang atau modal sendiri.

  7. KAJIAN STRUKTUR SOSIAL MASYARAKAT NELAYAN DI EKOSISTEM PESISIR

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    Edi Susilo

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak Tujuan penelitian ini adalah menganalisis perubahan sosial masyarakat dan dinamika kapasitas ruang dan titik kritis struktur sosial dalam ekosistem pesisir. Penyebab utama perubahan struktur adalah masuknya unsur-unsur pembentuk struktur dari luar (individu, sistem, atau karena meningkatnya akses masyarakat terhadap perubahan di lingkungan lokal, maupun di lingkungan sosial luarnya. Dinamika kapasitas ruang struktur sosial di ekosistem pesisir Karanggongso selama masa pengamatan dapat dijelaskan melalui dua indikator penting, obyektif dan subyektif. Titik kritis ada yang berlaku secara umum, dan ada yang berlaku secara khusus. Penelitian ini menjelaskan bahwa teori evolusi berpeluang besar untuk disintesakan dengan teori-teori lain seperti teori konflik, ekuilibrium, dan teori timbul –tenggelam. Proses sistesa ini merupakan langkah opearasional pemetaan teori skematis yang dilakukan oleh Appelbaum. Dinamika struktur sosial sangat penting diketahui oleh pemeritah dan LSM, yang mana mereka memiliki perencanaan pembangunan dalam masyarakat nelayan. Kata kunci: struktur sosial, evolusi, kapasitas ruang, titik kritis ABSTRACT Research aim is to analyse any social changes and dynamic of space capacity and critical point of social structure in  coastal ecosystem. The main factor of  structural change is external factor of structural formation (individu , system, or increase of community access to the change of local social environment, and external social environment. Dynamics of space capacity of social structure in coastal ecosystem of Karanggongso during periode of research can be explained through the two indicators, objective and subjective. There are a general critical point and a special critical point. This results explain that a evolution theory  suggest a high possibility to be synthesized with any other theories, e.g. a conflict theory, an equilibrium theory,   and a “timbul-tenggelam” theory. The synthesis process is an

  8. PENGARUH VARIASI TEMPERATUR TUANG TERHADAP KETANGGUHAN IMPAK DAN STRUKTUR MIKRO PADA PENGECORAN ALUMINIUM

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    Mohammad Tofa Wijaya

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menyelidiki pengaruh temperatur tuang terhadap ketangguhan impak dan struktur mikro hasil pengecoran paduan aluminium dengan menggunakan cetakan pasir. Bahan penelitian ini adalah paduan alumunium dari scrap aluminium, kemudian dilebur dan dituang ke dalam cetakan dengan variasi temperatur tuang dari 660 °C, 700 °C dan 740 °C. Pengujian impak dilakukan untuk mengetahui ketangguhan impak pada hasil coran dengan menggunakan alat uji impak Charpy (ASTM E 23-02a. Foto struktur mikro dilakukan dengan menggunakan mikroskop optik Nikon seri 661103. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa variasi temperatur tuang pada saat pengecoran berpengaruh terhadap nilai ketangguhan impak dan struktur mikro hasil coran. Dari tiga variasi temperatur tuang yang dilakukan, semakin tinggi temperatur tuang maka nilai ketangguhan impaknya juga semakin meningkat. Struktur mikro yang terbentuk dari  logam paduan aluminium coran secara umum memiliki bentuk struktur mikro berupa struktur dendrite.

  9. Analisis Kekuatan Struktur Pallet Menggunakan Metode Elemen Hingga

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    Tria Mariz Arief

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Pallet sebagai suatu alat bantu untuk mempermudah proses bongkar-muat logistik. Palletdigunakan hampir dalam berbagai lingkungan transportasi logistik. Pada bahasan berikutdikhususkan dalam lingkup transportasi di dalam pesawat udara khususnya pada pesawatangkut militer. Di lingkungan militer pallet digunakan untuk transport logistik baik secara normalmuat (loading dan bongkar (unloading maupun kondisi bongkar dengan diterjunkan daripesawat udara. Untuk pemenuhan penggunaan tersebut dilakukan perancangan ulang (reverseengineering struktur pallet yang dapat dimanufaktur secara lokal. Hipotesis awal menunjukkanbahwa berdasarkan kondisi pembebanan pada pallet dapat diperkirakan bahwa kondisitegangan dan regangan maksimum akan terjadi pada posisi sudut struktur pallet yang ditransferbebannya ke komponen plat besi penahan siku-siku dan baut. Material yang digunakan padastruktur pallet adalah Allumunium Alloy 7075-T6 dengan kekuatan tarik sebesar 503 MPa.Analisis dilakukan dengan menggunakan simulasi numerik dengan metoda elemen hingga(FEM. Proses simulasi numerik kekuatan struktur pallet difokuskan pada pembebanan statis(termasuk pengaruh factor G dalam interval beban statis 4 ton sampai 7 ton. Analisis dilakukanpada perubahan variabel tegangan dan regangan terhadap variasi beban yang diberikan untukmendapatkan tingkat keamanan struktur (margin safety. Pemodelan dilakukan denganidealisasi model ¼ bagian menggunakan elemen terstruktur dengan jenis elemen hexahedral(brick dengan jumlah 73803 elemen dan 360323 node. Hasil analisis menunjukkan teganganekuivalen maksimum struktur Pallet adalah 94 MPa yang terjadi di penguat sudut (anglebracket. Sedangkan pada struktur penguat lapis (sandwich structure berbahan thick blockyang mempunyai kekuatan sebesar 20 MPa adalah sebesar 0.84 MPa. Tingkat keamanansecara keseluruhan struktur dengan mempertimbangkan factor G hingga 2 adalah 5.3.Kata kunci: Analisis struktur, pallet, logistik, reverse engineering, FEM

  10. FAKTOR PENENTU STRUKTUR MODAL: STUDI EMPIRIK PADA PERUSAHAAN MULTIFINANSIAL

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    Siti Ridloah

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh variabel struktur aktiva, ukuran perusahaan, operating leverage, profitabilitas, likuiditas dan pertumbuhan penjualan terhadap Struktur Modal perusahaan sektor keuangan serta mengetahui variabel manakah yang paling berpengaruh terhadap stuktur modal. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah semua perusahaan sektor keuangan multifinansial yang terdaftar di BEI yang memiliki laporan keuangan dalam ICMD tahun 2008. Penentuan sampel penelitian ini menggunakan metode purposive sampling. Hasil analisis regresi menunjukkan bahwa ada pengaruh secara simultan variabel independen terhadap Struktur Modal. Hanya ada tiga variabel independen yang berpengaruh signifikan secara parsial terhadap variabel dependen yaitu ukuran perusahaan, profitabilitas dan likuiditas. Dari variabel-variabel tersebut, variabel yang paling berpengaruh terhadap stuktur modal adalah ukuran perusahaan. Saran yang penulis sampaikan dalam penelitian ini, bahwa untuk mencapai Struktur Modal yang optimal, perusahaan perlu meningkatkan profitabilitas, likuiditas dan ukuran perusahaan dengan cara meningkatkan profit margin dan meningkatkan asset yang dimiliki perusahaan. This study aims to determine the effect of asset structure variables, firm Size, operating leverage, profitability, liquidity and growth in sales of corporate capital structure of the financial sector as well as knowing which variables most affect the capital structure. The populations of this study were all multifinansial financial sector companies have been listed on the Stock Exchange which has ICMD financial statements in 2008. Purposive sampling method is used to analyse the samples of this study. The results of multiple regression analysis showed that there is a simultaneous effect of independent variables of corporate capital structure of the financial sector. There are only three independent variables that significantly influence the dependent variable that is

  11. Analisis Hasil Filtering Karous-Hjelt Berdasarkan Beda Spasi Dalam Penggambaran Struktur Bawah Permukaan Tanah

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    Miftakhul Maulidina

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Struktur penyusun tanah di setiap wilayah dapat digambarkan melalui pemodelan berdasarkan nilai resistivitas material penyusunnya. Tujuan penelitian ini membuat penggambaran struktur bawah permukaan tanah melalui filtering Karous-Hjelt dengan variasi spasi. Adapun spasi dalam pengambilan data di lapangan adalah spasi 1 meter dan spasi 0,5 meter pada masing-masing line. Penelitian ini sekaligus melengkapi hasil penelitian sebelumnya tentang penentuan struktur bawah permukaan tanah di sekitar Candi Gambar Wetan (Maulidina, 2015. Data yang dimasukkan merupakan data hasil pengukuran Very Low Frequency Electromagnetic di area Candi Gambar Wetan. Metode yang digunakan yaitu pengolahan data menggunakan filtering Karous-Hjelt untuk penggambaran struktur bawah permukaan tanah pada kedalaman 0 – 6 meter untuk dua jenis data berdasarkan variasi spasi. Hasil pengolahan menunjukkan penggambaran struktur bawah permukaan tanah spasi 0,5 m memiliki rentang nilai resistivitas yang lebih mendetail dibandingkan spasi 1 m. Hasil ini dapat menambah informasi dan bisa digunakan sebagai acuan dalam penelitian berikutnya.

  12. ESTIMASI BAYESIAN PADA MODEL PERSAMAAN STRUKTURAL DENGAN VARIABEL KATEGORIK TERURUT

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    Rini Yunita

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract  This article explains about parameter estimation of structural equation model with ordered categorical variable using Bayes method. The basic assumptions of SEM are the data type is continuous, minimum scale is interval, and it has to satisfy the normality assumption. The categorical data is ordinal data which the observation is in discrete form, and to treat the categorical data as normally distributed continuous data is by finding threshold parameter for each categorical data. Bayes method only focuses on individual data by combining sample data and the research data before (prior information, in order to minimize the error rate. Hence, the parameter estimation of structural equation model can be obtained well. In this estimation process, it is done numerically by using Monte Carlo method, i.e. Gibbs Sampling and Metropolis Hasting. Keywords:   Structural Equation Modeling ,categorical data, Threshold, Gibbs Sampling, Metropolis Hasting. Abstrak Dalam artikel ini dijelaskan tentang estimasi parameter dari model persamaan struktural dengan variabel kategorik terurut dengan menggunakan metode Bayes. Asumsi dasar dari SEM adalah  jenis datanya kontinu dan minimal berskala interval serta memenuhi asumsi normalitas. Sementara data kategorik merupakan data ordinal dengan pengamatan dalam bentuk diskrit, untuk dapat memperlakukan data kategorik sebagai data kontinu berdistribusi normal yaitu dengan mencari treshold paramater untuk masing-masing data kategorik. Metode Bayes  hanya berfokus pada data individu dengan menggabungkan antara data sampel dengan data penelitian sebelumnya (informasi prior, dengan tujuan untuk meminimalkan tingkat kesalahan. Sehingga estimasi parameter dari model persamaan struktural dapat dihasilkan dengan baik. Dalam proses estimasi, hal ini dilakukan secara numerik dengan menggunakan metode Monte Carlo, yaitu Gibbs Sampling dan Metropolis Hasting. Kata Kunci:  Model Persamaan Struktural, data kategorik

  13. STRUKTUR PROTEOMIK VIRUS DENGUE DAN MANFAATNYA SEBAGAI TARGET ANTIVIRUS

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    Novia Rachmayanti

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakVirus dengue (DENV telah menyebabkan sekitar 50 juta kasus infeksi demam berdarah setiap tahunnya, akan tetapi hingga saat ini belum terdapat vaksin maupun antivirus yang mampu mencegah atau mengobati penyakit tersebut. Selama pengembangan vaksin dan antivirus, diperoleh berbagai informasi tentang struktur protein DENV yang dapat dimanfaatkan sebagai target obat. Makalah membahas tentang struktur proteomik pada DENV, yaitu glikoprotein pada envelope, NS3 protease, NS3 helikase, NS5 metiltransferase, dan NS5 RNA-dependent RNA polimerase.AbstractDengue virus (DENV has caused over 50 millions infection every year. However, to date neither vaccine nor medicine could be used to prevent or cure the illness. During researches in finding the vaccine or antiviral for DENV, information on DENV protein structure has been obtained which is potentially used as drug target. This paper disscuss DENV proteomic structure that consist of envelope glicoprotein, NS3 protease, NS3 helicase, NS5 methyl-transferase, and NS5 RNA-dependent RNA polymerase.

  14. KARAKTERISTIK MORFO-ANATOMI STRUKTUR VEGETATIF SPESIES RHIZOPORA APICULATA (RHIZOPORACEAE

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    Atok Masofyan Hadi

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Rhizhopora apiculata is the plants mangrove of the tribe Rhizoporaceae. Detailed study of related species in Indonesia is still lacking. The purpose of this study is to describe and analyze the character of morphological and anatomical structure of vegetative species. The method used is the method of observation and exploration of the facts as a marker plant systematics. The results showed that the morphological characteristics of stem leaves roots in accordance with existing literature. Data anatomical vegetative structure is new data that is used to strengthen its position in Rhizoporaceae. Rhizhopora apiculata merupakan tumbuhan mangrove dari suku Rhizoporaceae. Kajian secara mendetail terkait spesies di Indonesia masih sangat kurang. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mendeskripsikan dan menganalisis karakter morfologis dan anatomis struktur vegetatif spesies. Metode penelitian yang digunakan ialah metode pengamatan dan eksplorasi fakta sebagai penanda sistematika tumbuhan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa karakteristik morfologi daun batang akar sesuai dengan literatur yang telah ada. Data anatomi struktur vegetatif merupakan data baru yang digunakan untuk memperkuat kedudukannya dalam Rhizoporaceae.

  15. Pengaruh Metode Student Teams Achievement Division (STAD dan Pemahaman Struktur Kalimat terhadap Keterampilan Menulis Narasi

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    Sigit Widiyarto

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini  untuk mengetahui pengaruh metode Teams Achievment Division dan pemahaman  struktur kalimat terhadap keterampilan menulis Bahasa kalimat narasi. Metode penelitian ini menggunakan metode eksperimen dengan analisis dua jalur (Anova.Data  di lapangan  memakai hasil tes. Sampel diambil pada kelas VII SMP Swasta Future Gate Jatikramat Kota Bekasi. Jumlah siswa pada kelas kontrol dan eksperimen sebanyak 50 siswa. Berdasarkan analisis data yang dihitung dengan memakai Spss 22 dapat disimpulkan : 1.   Terdapat pengaruh signifikan metode Student Teams Achievment Division( STAD terhadap keterampilan menulis. 2 Tidak terdapat Pengaruh Struktur Kalimat terhadap Keterampilan menulis narasi. . 3. Tidak terdapat pengaruh  Metode STAD dan pemahaman  struktur kalimat secara bersama-sama terhadap keterampilan menulis narasi Kata Kunci  :  metode STAD, Penguasaan struktur kalimat dan keterampilan menulis narasi 

  16. Pengaruh Struktur Organisasi dan Ukuran Perusahaan Terhadap Penerapan Business Entity Concept

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    Widya Exsa Marita

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Masalah pengelolaan dana merupakan momok yang sering mengakibatkan kegagalan usaha pada suatu perusahaan terutama UMKM. Pengelolaan dana yang efektif dan efisien dapat tercapai jika suatu perusahaan mampu menerapkan akuntansi yang baik. Penerapan akuntansi yang baik haruslah diawali dengan penerapan konsep akuntansi, salah satunya yaitu business entity concept. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui adanya pengaruh struktur organisasi dan ukuran perusahaan terhadap penerapan business entity concept. Objek penelitian yang diambil adalah UD. Agung Mulia Jaya dengan sampel sebanyak 200 reponden yang diambil dengan menggunakan teknik simple random sampling. Variabel bebas dalam penelitian ini adalah struktur organisasi dan ukuran perusahaan, sedangkan variabel terikatnya adalah penerapan business entity concept. Untuk menguji adanya pengaruh struktur organisasi dan ukuran perusahaan terhadap penerapan business entity concept, maka dilakukan analisis regresi linier berganda. Hasil pengujian secara simultan menunjukkan bahwa kedua variabel bebas yaitu struktur organisasi dan ukuran perusahaan berpengaruh terhadap penerapan business entity concept. Secara parsial, struktur organisasi berpengaruh positif terhadap penerapan business entity concept, namun sebaliknya ukuran perusahaan berpengaruh negatif terhadap penerapan business entity concept. Koefisien determinasi menghasilkan nilai 67,4% yang berarti penerapan business entity concept dapat dijelaskan oleh variabel struktur organisasi dan ukuran perusahaan sebesar 67,4% atau bersifat kuat.

  17. Promene komponenata i strukture mleka tokom fermentacije dodatkom nekonvencionalnog startera

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    Kanurić Katarina

    2014-01-01

    Promene komponenata i strukture mleka ispitane su tokom fermentacije korišćenjem inokuluma kombuhe kultivisane na crnom čaju zaslađenom saharozom u koncentraciji 10%. Fermentacija mleka sa 2,2% mlečne masti izvršena je na dve različite temperature (37°C i 42°C) i uzorci su analizirani na sledećim pH vrednostima: 6,1; 5,8; 5,4; 5,1; 4,8 i 4,6. Urađena je determinacija i identifikacija produkata fermentacije laktoze kao što su: šećeri, organske kiseline i masne kiseline. Ispitane su teksturalne...

  18. Kembalikan Lagu Anak-anak Indonesia: Sebuah Analisis Struktur Musik

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    Ardipal - -

    2015-12-01

    . Yaitu musik sebagai pengembangan seni di lingkungan tertentu  dan musik sebagai seni komersial. Dari sisi musik komersial, hampir dua dekade terakhir  ini lagu anak-anak menghilang di media massa. Digantikan oleh lagu orang dewasa. Hal ini tentu mempengaruhi perkembangan psikologis, fisik, dan mental anak-anak. Secara teoritik, masalah ini hal ini dapat ditinjau dari produksi musik melalui pendekatan (1 konfik (hegemoni dan (2 interpretasi/makna. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk membandingkan struktur musik lagu anak-anak dan struktur musik orang dewasa. Data diambil dari lagu anak-anak dan lagu pop orang dewasa. Metoda analisis difokuskan pada fitur lagu berdasarkan struktur musik dan dampaknya. Instrumen kunci dalam penelitian adalah peneliti sendiri dan instrumen pembantu berupa panduan kodifikasi data. Kemudian mendeskripsikan unsur-unsur tersebut yang terdapat dalam beberapa lagu anak-anak dan dewasa. Untuk menjaga keabsahan data, dilakukan kegiatan triangulasi data. Kegiatan analisis data dimulai dari tahap memilih dan mengodifikasi data, menganalisis data sesuai dengan fitur musiknya masing-masing, dan tahap menarik kesimpulan serta verifikasi. Dari data lagu yang diambil sebagai sampel penelitian, terlihat bahwa pola ritmis, melodis, interval, tempo, hingga rentang nada belum laik  dinyanyikan oleh anak-anak. Pemaksaan anak-anak untuk meniru lagu tersebut dapat berakibat fatal seperti kerusakan pita suara, kram otot rahang. Akhirnya, disarankan agar partisipan seni, dan juga Demikian juga jaringan infrastuktur seni, harus dapat memiliki pandangan yang sama dan kuat  dalam pengembangan seni musik di Indonesia, khususnya untuk lagu anak-anak. Kata Kunci: lagu anak-anak, lagu perjuangan, lagu orang dewasa, struktur musik

  19. KOSAKATA SISTEM PERTANIAN TRADISIONAL SUNDA: KAJIAN STRUKTUR DAN MAKNA

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    Taufik Setyadi Aras

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available Identity of Indonesia as agrarian country begins fading. A lot of the traditional farmers change their job to industrial sectors then impacting on behavior patterns of society to the environment and reducing the knowledge and skills in the traditional farming. The issues examined are the vocabulary of Sundanese traditional agricultural systems by using study the structure and semantics. The method used in this research is a qualitative descriptive method. This research applies some theories from Djajasudarma (2009 and 2013, Kridalaksana (2005, and Ramlan (1991. The results of this study that a category of vocabulary of Sundanese traditional agriculture systems divide into four classes, verbs and verbal, nouns and nominal, numeralia, derivative formand adjectives. The structure divides into two forms; base form and derivative form. Derivative form has four types, affixation, reduplication, acronym, and the combined of word. The meaning of vocabulary referring to tools and equipment, cultivation activities, circumstances and conditions of paddy, planting, place and crock, time, traditional ceremonies, community leaders’ rice pests, and size or dosage. ABSTRAK Identitas Indonesia sebagai negara agraris mulai luntur. Tidak sedikit petani tradisional beralih pekerjaan ke sektor industri sehingga berdampak pada pola perilaku masyarakat terhadap lingkungan serta mengikis pengetahuan dan keterampilan dalam tata cara bertani tradisional. Masalah yang diteliti adalah kosakata sistem pertanian tradisional berbahasa Sunda dengan menggunakan kajian struktur dan makna. Metode yang digunakan adalah metode deskriptif kualitatif. Teori yang digunakan yaitu teori Djajasudarma (2009 dan 2013, Kridalaksana (2005, dan Ramlan (1991 . Berdasarkan penelitian, diketahui empat kelas kata yang ditemukan, yaitu verba(l, nomina(l, numeralia, dan adjektiva. Struktur kosakata ada dua bentuk, yaitu bentuk dasar dan turunan. Bentuk turunan ada empat, yaitu berdasarkan

  20. AKUMULASI TIMBAL (PB DAN STRUKTUR STOMATA DAUN PURING (CODIAEUM VARIEGATUM LAM. BLUME

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    Susi Sulistiana

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Tanaman mempunyai kemampuan untuk mengatasi atau mengeliminir pencemaran udara yang terjadi di kota, salah satunya adalah tanaman puring. Stomata adalah salah satu organ tumbuhan yang digunakan untuk berinteraksi dengan lingkungannya. Fungsi utama stomata adalah sebagai tempat pertukaran gas, seperti CO2 yang diperlukan oleh tumbuhan dalam proses fotosintesis. Namun, stomata juga bertindak sebagai salah satu jalur masuknya polutan khususnya polutan yang berasal dari udara. Untuk mempertegas pengaruh akumulasi timbal terhadap daun tanaman puring secara morfologi yang telah dilakukan oleh Sulistiana dan Setijorini tahun 2014, perlu dilakukan penelitian lanjutan dengan melakukan pengamatan anatomi daun terutama struktur stomata daun tanaman puring. Penelitian bertujuan membandingkan struktur stomata antar kultivar puring dan membuktikan adanya hubungan antara akumulasi timbal (Pb dengan struktur stomata daun dari beberapa kultivar puring. Bahan penelitian yang digunakan adalah daun segar dari 13 kultivar tanaman puring yang ditanam di Perumahan Batan Indah, Kecamatan Kademangan, Tangerang Selatan. Pengamatan struktur stomata daun dilakukan dengan cara pembuatan preparat paradermal Parameter yang diamati dalam penelitian meliputi jumlah stomata, jumlah sel epidermis, panjang stomata, lebar stomata, indeks stomata, dan kerapatan stomata. Hasil yang diperoleh adanya korelasi positif antara kadar Pb dan struktur stomata daun kultivar puring melalui parameter-paramater yang diamati terutama jumlah stomata, lebar stomata, indeks stomata, dan kerapatan stomata.

  1. PENGARUH STRUKTUR AKTIVA, PERPUTARAN MODAL DAN PENDANAAN TERHADAP PROFITABILITAS PERUSAHAAN FARMASI

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    Fitri Rahmiyatun

    2016-10-01

    ABSTRAK Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk menganalisis pengaruh kebijakan modal kerja yang terdiri dari struktur aktiva, perputaran modal kerja dan pendanaan modal kerja terhadap profitabilitas pada perusahaan farmasi yang tercatat di Bursa Efek Indonesia. Populasi penelitian ini adalah perusahaan farmasi yang tercatat di Bursa Efek Indonesia pada tahun 2005 sampai dengan 2015 yang berjumlah 10 perusahaan. Sedangkan sampel penelitian ini adalah dua perusahaan yaitu PT. Kimia Farma yang mewakili perusahaan milik BUMN dan PT.Kalbe Farma yang mewakili perusahaan swasta. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa: (1 struktur aktiva berpengaruh positif dan sangat signifikan terhadap profitabilitas; (2 pendanaan modal kerja tidak berpengaruh terhadap profitabilitas, dan (3 struktur aktiva dan pendanaan modal kerja secara simultan berpengaruh signifikan terhadap profitabilitas.Implikasinya adalah bahwa perusahaan yang tercatat di Bursa Efek Indonesia khususnya PT. Kimia Farma dan PT. Kalbe Farma harus meningkatkan secara optimal struktur aktiva karena berpengaruh sangat signifikan terhadap profitabilitas. Peningkatan struktur aktiva akan berdampak baik terhadap kinerja perusahaan-perusahaan tersebut. Hal ini sangat relevan mengingat masih minimnya penelitian di bidang ini.   Kata kunci: Perputaran Modal Kerja, Pendanaan Modal Kerja Dan Profitabilitas.

  2. Pengaruh Growth Opportunity, Liquidity, Profitability, dan Tangibility terhadap Struktur Modal pada Perusahaan Manufaktur yang Terdaftar di Bursa Efek Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Harahap, Artika Hemdi

    2015-01-01

    Rumusan masalah dalam penelitian ini adalah bagaimana pengaruh komponen growth opportunity, liquidity, profitability, dan tangibility terhadap struktur modal pada perusahaan manufaktur yang terdaftar di Bursa Efek Indonesia (BEI). Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui dan menganalisis pengaruh komponen growth opportunity, liquidity, profitability, dan tangibility terhadap struktur modal. Hipotesis dalam penelitian ini adalah komponen growth opportunity, liquidity, profitability, d...

  3. Psikoanalisa Islam, Menggali Struktur Psikis Manusia dalam Perspektif Islam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lalu Heri Afrizal

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Pengaruh Teori Psikoanalisa Sigmund Freud dalam kajian psikologi modern cukup dominan mewarnai ilmu pengetahuan secara umum yang berbicara tentang manusia, seperti kedokteran, filsafat, agama, seni, sastra, antropologi, maupun politik. Padahal teori-teori Freud tentang konsep manusia, yang menjadi basis utama dalam mengkaji prilaku dan kejiwaan manusia, sangat dipengaruhi oleh doktrin ateisme yang dianutnya. Kondisi ini tentu sangat memprihatinkan. Sebab, ketika psikologi semacam ini diajarkan dan diyakini oleh umat Islam yang belum sadar terhadap paradigma psikologi modern, maka akan menjadi masalah. Padahal doktrin-doktrin di dalamnya sangat bertentangan dengan ajaran Islam. Sementara itu, kajian-kajian ilmuwan Muslim kontemporer mengenai hal ini belum banyak mewarnai. Oleh karena itu,sangat diperlukan kajian mendalam mengenai ilmu psikologi yang berbasis pandangan hidup Islam, sehingga ditemukan konsep manusia yang utuh dan islami. Tulisan ini mencoba mengkaji permasalahan psikologi melalui kajian tematis-analitis terhadap teks-teks al-Qur’an dan al-Hadits. Sebagai perbandingan, kajian dimulai dengan mengungkap konsep manusia menurut Psikoanalisa Sigmund Freud, kemudian disusul pembahasan tentang struktur psikis manusia menurut Islam.

  4. STRUKTUR RANGKA RUANG BAJA SEBAGAI PENDUKUNG LANTAI ATAS

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    Huthudi Huthudi

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available A one level space, which lies between two buildings of two levels. This one level room, has to be designed to be two levels. The function of this one level, a space of 12 x 12 square meters, is a boxing training hall. This building is a part off sports facilities buildings in the Pajajaran street of Bandung. The budget for the development is very low, so it needs to minimise the expenses. The abstackle for this development are for example : the existing walls, and foundation must not be changed. Especially the roof, which will be elevated to the upper floor. And last but not least the time limit of construction is fixed at maximum 3 months, or 12 weeks only. The structure of this first level, must gives the impression of being light, but solid. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Sebuah ruang berlantai satu yang terletak bersebelahan dengan bangunan 2 lantai, harus ditingkatkan menjadi 2 lantai. Bangunan satu lantai ini berfungsi sebagai ruang latih tinju yang berukuran 12 x 12 meter, dan merupakan sebagian ruang suatu komplek olah raga di jalan Pajajaran Bandung. Biaya pembangunan amatlah kecil, hingga memerlukan penghematan secara maksimal. Beberapa kendala dalam penambahan ruang terdapat di sini misalnya, dinding diusahakan tidak dibongkar apalagi pondasi, terutama rangka atap akan dipakai kembali. Dan yang terutama adalah waktu pembangunan disediakan sebanyak 3 bulan atau 12 minggu. Kesan fisik ruang bawah harus ringan , namun kokoh serta kuat. Kata kunci: pendukung lantai, struktur rangka ruang, estetika, kokoh dan kuat.

  5. Determinan Permodalan Bank Melalui Profitabilitas, Risiko, Ukuran Perusahaan, Efisiensi Dan Struktur Aktiva

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    Sugeng Haryanto

    2016-08-01

      Penelitian ini menganalisis kausalitas antara CAR, profitabilitas, risiko, ukuran perusahaan, efisiensi dan struktur aset industri perbankan. Teknik sampling yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah purposive sampling dengan kriteria bank telah go public sebelum 2008 dan menerbitkan laporan keuangan 2008-2013. Total sampel adalah 23 bank. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh profitabilitas, risiko, ukuran perusahaan, efisiensi dan struktur modal dari aset bank. Teknik analisis yang digunakan adalah regresi linier berganda. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa profitabilitas, ukuran dan struktur aktiva memiliki dampak positif terhadap CAR. Sementara itu, risiko bank memiliki dampak negatif terhadap CAR. Efisiensi tidak berdampak pada CAR. Kontribusi penelitian ini untuk pengelolaan industri perbankan, peneliti dan regulator (Bank Indonesia adalah bahwa ada suatu keharusan untuk meningkatkan rasio kecukupan modal dalam rangka meningkatkan daya saing perbankan nasional.

  6. Identifikasi Struktur Bawah Permukaaan Pada Lapangan Panasbumi X Dengan Menggunakan Metode Audio Magnetotelurik Dan Magnetotelurik

    OpenAIRE

    Dewi, Cinantya Nirmala; Maryanto, Sukir; Gaffar, Eddy Z

    2014-01-01

    Penelitian geofisika dengan menggunakan metode audio magnetotelurik dan magnetotelurik telah dilaksanakan di lapangan panasbumi X. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi struktur bawah permukaan dan menentukan sistem panasbumi di daerah penelitian. Daerah penelitian terdiri dari 3 lintasan dengan jumlah titik pengukuran sebanyak 24 titik. Pengolahan data dilakukan hingga didapatkan peta kontur resistivitas. Hasil pengolahan data 2D menunjukkan bahwa nilai resistivitas lapisan bawah p...

  7. Analisis Struktur Kristal Lifepo4 Olivine Sebagai Bahan Katoda Batere Li-Ion

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    Indra Gunawan

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Sintesis LiFePO4 dilakukan dengan pencampuran LiCl, FeCl2.4H2O dan H3PO4 ekuimolar ke dalam air. Homogenasi larutan dilakukan dengan pengaduk magnetic pada suhu 60o C. Prekursor LiFePO4 diperoleh setelah pemanasan 200o C dengan furnace selama 2 jam. Sintering prekursor LiFePO4 dilakukan pada suhu 700o C dengan furnace selama 4 jam dengan aliran N2 untuk membentuk fasa kristalit LiFePO4. Kemurnian fasa dan struktur kristal dianalisis dengan menggunakan XRD. Analisis struktur kristal dari pola difraksi sinar-X dilakukan dengan perangkat lunak FULLPROF. Pengamatan morfologinya dilakukan dengan menggunakan SEM dengan kombinasi energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS dan pengukuran gugus fungsional dengan FT-IR. Hasil analisis struktur kristal menunjukkan bahwa senyawa LiFePO4 memiliki struktur Kristal orthorhombic, space group 62, simbol Pnma (Hermann-Mauguin dengan parameter kisi a= 6.0019999, b= 10.330000, c= 4.6999998. 

  8. Assa Evolution - novoje pokolenije zamkov / Maigi Peeduli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Peeduli, Maigi

    2003-01-01

    Rootsi lukufirma Assa AB tootearendus põhineb moodulsüsteemil, mis teeb elu mugavaks arhitektidel, ehitajatel ja lukukasutajatel, kuna see võimaldab lukuraame komplekteerida erinevate südamike, linkide ja katetega

  9. Narvskomu kolledzhu postrojat novoje zdanije / Aleksei Ivanov

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    Ivanov, Aleksei

    2008-01-01

    Tartu Ülikooli rektor ja Narva linnapea allkirjastasid hea tahte lepingu, millega Narva linn väljastab Tartu Ülikooli Narva Kolledzhi uue õppehoone ehitusloa ja mis ühtlasi lõpetab sellekohase kohtuvaidluse

  10. Pengaruh Struktur Kepemilikan terhadap Nilai Perusahaan dengan Kinerja Keuangan dan Kebijakan Hutang sebagai Variabel Intervening

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    Dewi Kusuma Wardani

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available AbstractThis study aims to determine the influence of ownership structure on firm value of financial performance and debt policy as an intervening variable. Data used in this research is secondary data obtained from the OSIRIS database and indexes that are the result of previous research. This study used the path analysis conducted using the Eviews 6.0 and SPSS 17 programs. From the results of data analysis can be concluded that in Indonesia (1 the ownership structure proxied by insider ownership has no relationship with debt policy; (2 the ownership structure proxied by insider ownership has relationship with financial performance; (3 debt policy has not affect stock prices, as a proxy of firm value; (4 there is a positive influence on financial performance with corporate values; and (5 there is no influence of ownership structure on corporate value through debt policy and financial performance as an intervening variable.Keywords: ownership structure, firm value, debt policy, financial performanceAbstrakPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji pengaruh struktur kepemilikan terhadap kinerja keuangan yang mana kebijakan hutang sebagai variabel intervening. Data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah data sekunder yang diperoleh dari database OSIRIS dan indeks yang merupakan hasil dari penelitian sebelumnya. Penelitian ini menggunakan analisis jalur (path analysis yang dilakukan dengan menggunakan program Eviews 6.0 dan program SPSS 17. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa di Indonesia (1 struktur kepemilikan yang ditunjukkan oleh insider ownership tidak memiliki hubungan dengan kebijakan utang; (2 struktur kepemilikan yang ditunjukkan oleh insider ownership memiliki hubungan dengan kinerja keuangan, (3 kebijakan hutang tidak mempengaruhi nilai perusahaan yang diproksi oleh harga saham; (4 ada pengaruh positif kinerja keuangan terhadap nilai perusahaan, dan (5 tidak ada pengaruh struktur kepemilikan terhadap nilai perusahaan melalui kebijakan

  11. MANAJEMEN RANTAI PASOK DAN KINERJA AGROINDUSTRI PANGAN LOKAL SAGU DI PROPINSI MALUKU: SUATU PENDEKATAN MODEL PERSAMAAN STRUKTURAL

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    Natelda Rosaldiah Timisela

    2014-07-01

    berlangsung baik dan lancar. Hasil analisis terhadap pengukuran indeks struktural statistik seperti indeks pengukuran GFI (0,901, AGFI (0,857, TLI (0,994, CFI (0,995, CMIN/DF (1,022, RMSEA (0,015, probabilitas (0,423 dan nilai χ2 (84,834. Data tersebut berada dalam rentang nilai yang diharapkan memenuhi kriteria. Kata kunci:  Manajemen rantai pasok, kinerja agroindustri, pangan lokal, dan model persamaan struktural

  12. Pemanfaatan TKKS Sebagai Pengisi Komposit Epoxy Untuk Struktur Bergerak Mesin CNC Perkayuan

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    Farkhan

    2017-04-01

    , namun mesin CNC perkayuan umumnya dibangun dengan struktur logam yang berat, baik untuk struktur penopang maupun struktur bergeraknya. Kenyataannya, bahan baku kayunya sendiri jauh lebih ringan ketimbang struktur yang menggerakkannya. Dinamika gerakan pada struktur bergerak yang berat ini menyebabkan pemborosan daya dan getaran berlebih yang mempengaruhi ketelitian, keawetan pahat potong, dan produktivitas. Penelitian ini mengembangkan bahan komposit ringan baru dengan memanfaatkan sumber terbarukan dari limbah tandan kosong kelapa sawit (TKKS sebagai bahan pengisinya dengan matriks polimer epoxy untuk dibangun sebagai struktur bergerak mesin CNC perkayuan metode permesinan cepat 3 dimensi, untuk meningkatkan unjuk kerja dinamiknya. Analisa perbandingan menunjukkan bahan ini memiliki unjuk kerja dinamik lebih baik pada proses permesinan cepat ketimbang menggunakan besi tuang sebagai bahan tradisionalnya.

  13. ANALISIS KEKUATAN MEKANIK DAN STRUKTUR MIKRO PADA MATERIAL POLIMER PENYUSUN KIPAS RADIATOR

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    Ery Diniardi

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Indonesia yang kaya bahan baku untuk industri mempunyai potensi yang besar untuk menghasilkan produk industri lokal satunya adalah polimer. Pemanfaatan polimer mengalami pemanfaatan yang sangat pesat, terutama pada industri otomotif. Polimer dibedakan menjadi 4 macam, menurut sifat masing-masing bahan tersebut, diantaranya adalah thermoplastik, thermoset, elastomer dan thermoplastik elastomer. Dalam penelitian ini untuk mengetahui mutu dan unsur dari bahan polimer, khususnya pada kipas radiator. Penelitian yang dilakukan adalah pengujian tarik, impak dan struktur mikro (identifikasi pada bahan polimer. Hasil uji tarik pada berbagai tingkat temperatur tarik menunjukan perbedaan yang signifikan, namun demikian regangan patah pada temperatur uji 90oC mempunyai nilai jauh lebih besar dibandingkan pada temperatur uji 24oC, demikian halnya dengan hasil uji impak. Hasil indentifikasi struktur mikro bahan tersebut diketahui sebagai polipropilen (PP.

  14. ANALISIS STRUKTUR MIKRO LAPISAN BOND COAT NIAL THERMAL BARRIER COATING (TBC PADA PADUAN LOGAM BERBASIS CO

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    Toto Sudiro

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Kehandalan dan umur pakai sistem Thermal Barrier Coating (TBC ditentukan oleh kestabilan lapisan bond coat dan thermal grown oxide (TGO. Sehingga sangatlah penting untuk memahami mekanisme pembentukan dan degradasi lapisan ini. Pada makalah ini akan dibahas analisis struktur mikro lapisan bond coat NiAl yang dideposisikan pada substrat CoCrNi dengan menggunakan gabungan metoda electroplating dan pack-cementation. Pada makalah ini juga dibahas mekanisme pembentukan void disepanjang interface bond coat¬-substrat setelah tes oksidasi.

  15. PENGARUH FREE CASH FLOW DAN STRUKTUR KEMPEMILIKAN TERHADAP DIVIDEND PAYOUT RATIO

    OpenAIRE

    Jurica Lucyanda; Lilyana -

    2012-01-01

    Penelitian ini bertujuan menguji bagaimana free cash flow dan struktur kepemilikan berpengaruh terhadap dividend payout ratio pada perusahaan nonkeuangan yang terdaftar pada Bursa Efek Indonesia. Metode analisis yang digunakan adalah regresi berganda. Penelitian ini menggunakan data empiris dari Bursa Efek Indonesia dengan sampel sebanyak 70 perusahaan per tahun untuk tiga periode (2007-2009). Berdasarkan hasil pengujian, ditemukan bahwa variabel yang mempunyai pengaruh yang signifikan terhad...

  16. Struktur-Eigenschaftsbeziehungen in smektischen Flüssigkristallen vom de Vries-Typ

    OpenAIRE

    Nonnenmacher, Dorothee

    2014-01-01

    Ziel dieser Arbeit war es, ein besseres physikalisches Verständnis der Struktur-Eigenschaftsbeziehungen in smektischen Flüssigkristallen vom de Vries-Typ zu erarbeiten und damit eine Basis für rationale Synthesestrategien dieser wissenschaftlich wie technologisch interessanten Materialklasse zu schaffen. Im Sinne dieser Zielvorstellung wurden drei Aspekte bearbeitet: Der Mechanismus der Phasenumwandlung SmA - SmC vom de Vries-Typ, das rationale Design smektischer Flüssigkristalle vom de Vries...

  17. Analisis Keandalan Struktur Padeye Berdasarkan Konfigurasi Rigging pada Lifting Upper Deck Modul Modec dengan Pendekatan Dinamik

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iqbal Gayuh Raharjaning Mukti Sumarsono

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Di dalam perusahaan yang bergerak dalam bidang fabrikasi, lifting merupakan salah satu tahapan terpenting dalam membangun bangunan lepas pantai sehingga diperlukan perhitungan dan analisis tambahan untuk memperhatikan apakah struktur tersebut aman ataupun tidak. Sekenario lifting berdasarkan konfigurasi rigging dapat dibuat untuk menentukan rigging equipment yang tepat. Pada kasus ini, struktur yang di-lifting adalah struktur upper deck dari modul MODEC yang dikerjakan oleh PT. GPS Batam. Deck ini memiliki panjang sekitar 19,5 m dan lebar 9 m. Berat total struktur dengan equipment sebesar 55 ton. Konfigurasi rigging yang akan digunakan ada tiga, yaitu Model A (tanpa spreader bar, Model B (satu spreader bar, dan Model C (dua spreader bar. Dari ketiga konfigurasi tersebut akan diperoleh dimensi padeye yang berbeda- beda. Model A, Model B, dan Model C memiliki diameter hole padeye masing-masing sebesar 74 mm, 65 mm, dan 52 mm. Tegangan dan UC tertinggi sama- sama terjadi pada Model A sebesar 17625,99 psi dan untuk UC sebesar 0,52. Tetapi hal ini berbanding terbalik apabila ditinjau dari daerah lubang. Tegangan ataupun UC yang lebih tinggi jatuh pada Model C yang menggunakan dua spreader bar sebesar 13936,58 psi dan nilai UC sebesar 0,45. Tegangan yang terjadi di attachments maupun sekitar hole dijadikan variabel dalam mencari keandalan yang terjadi pada tiap padeye dengan metode Mean value first order second moment (MVFOSM. Sehingga didapatkan Probality of Failure (PoF pada attachments padeye pada Model A, B, dan C masing- masing sebesar 0,126%, 0,064 %, dan 0,0001 %. Sedangkan PoF pada hole padeye sebesar 0,062% untuk Model A, 0,10 % untuk Model B, dan 0,23% untuk Model C.

  18. Pengaruh Struktur Audit, Konflik Peran, dan Ketidakjelasan Peran terhadap Kinerja Auditor

    OpenAIRE

    Hanif, Rheny Afriana

    2013-01-01

    Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguji dan memperoleh bukti empiris mengenaipengaruh struktur audit, konflik peran, dan ketidakjelasan peran terhadap kinerjaauditor.Penelitian ini dilakukan di Jawa Timur dengan responden auditor yang bekerjapada Kantor Akuntan Publik Jawa Timur sesuai dengan Directory KantorAkuntan Publik yang dikeluarkan oleh IAI. Pengambilan sample dilakukandengan tehnik proportionate stratified random sampling yang didasarkan padadua strata yaitu partner dan staf audit. Pe...

  19. Struktur Komunitas Fitoplankton di Perairan yang Terdampak Air Bahang PLTU Paiton Kabupaten Probolinggo Jawa Timur

    OpenAIRE

    Muzaki, Farid Kamal; Aunurohim, Aunurohim; Indraswari, Boing

    2015-01-01

    PLTU Paiton merupakan salah satu pembangkit listrik tenaga uap menggunakan air sebagai pendingin kondensor kemudian dikembalikan lagi ke perairan sekitar sebagai air bahang, sehingga akan memberikan input panas bagi perairan. Meningkatnya suhu perairan akibat air bahang ini, secara langsung maupun tidak langsung akan berpengaruh terhadap komponen biotik dan abiotik penyusun ekosistem laut, salah satu yang akan terpengaruh adalah fitoplankton yakni berupa struktur komunitas yang meliputi keane...

  20. Evaluasi Kesesuaian Struktur Organisasi Pengelola Teknologi Informasi dengan Rencana Jangka Panjang Instansi (Studi Kasus pada Dinas XYZ

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    Arief Anwar Shodiq

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Setiap lembaga atau instansi memerlukan teknologi informasi (TI untuk mendukung banyak aktivitas dalam menangani proses bisnisnya. Untuk itu, dibutuhkan pengelolaan teknologi informasi yang ideal dan pembentukan struktur organisasi yang relevan dan dapat menjawab kebutuhan akan kelancaran proses bisnisnya. Tidak terkecuali pada Dinas XYZ sebagai lembaga pemerintahan yang bertugas sebagai pengelola pendidikan dan kebudayaan di tingkat provinsi. Dibutuhkan sebuah struktur organisasi pengelola teknologi informasi yang selaras dengan Rencana Jangka Panjang Instansi untuk mendukung tujuan bisnisnya. Dan ketika perencanaan strategis ini diperbaharui, struktur organisasi juga dituntut untuk diperbaharui mengikuti perubahan kebijakan yang baru. Untuk itu, diperlukan analisis komprehensif mengenai perancangan struktur organisasi yang ideal bagi Dinas XYZ ini, yang meliputi studi pendahuluan yang mengkaji literatur dan kondisi kekinian Dinas XYZ, identifikasi Business Goals, identifikasi IT Goals dan IT Process, penentuan struktur organisasi pengelola TI masa depan beserta tanggung jawab masing-masing bagian, dan analisis gap mengenai kondisi saat ini dan kebutuhan TI masa depan, yang semua itu disesuaikan dengan framework COBIT 4.1 sebagai acuan best practice bagi pengelolaan teknologi informasi.

  1. PERBEDAAN VISUALISASI ATRIBUT DAN STRUKTUR TUBUH WAYANG KULIT PURWA PADA TOKOH ANTAREJA GAYA YOGYAKARTA DENGAN GAYA SURAKARTA

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    Nanang Prisandy

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah mendiskripsikan perbedakan visualisasi atribut dan struktur tubuh pada tokoh Antareja Yogyakarta dengan Surakarta. Sumber data utamanya adalah wayang kulit Antareja Yogyakarta dan Surakarta. hasil dari penelitian ini adalah perbedakan atribut dan struktur tubuh (sanggul, jamang , sumping, garuda mungkur, dewala, ulur-ulur, kelat bahu, gelang tangan, praba, sabuk/paningset, pending , badong, kampuh, uncal wastra, uncal kencana, kunca, seluar terluar, seluar panjang, krocong, muka, mata, mulut, hidung, badan, tangan, kaki pada Antareja Yogyakarta dengan Antareja Surakarta.

  2. UJI TOKSISITAS DAN PERUBAHAN STRUKTUR MIKROANATOMI INSANG IKAN NILA LARASATI (Oreochromis nilloticus YANG DIPAPAR TIMBAL ASETAT

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    FAM Mulyani

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui Nilai LC50-96 jam pada uji toksisitas ikan Nila Larasati yang dipapar timbal; mengetahui perubahan struktur  mikroanatomi dan mengetahui pada konsentrasi berapa timbal menyebabkan perubahan struktur mikroanatomi insang. Sampel uji toksisitas sebanyak 120 ekor untuk mengetahui tingkat  kematian ikan hingga 50% dalam 96 jam, dan uji perlakuan sebanyak 80 ekor dengan konsentrasi 0 ppm; 259,51 ppm; 291,94 ppm; dan 324,38 ppm. Pada akhir minggu ke empat diambil sampel insang dan dilakukan analisis gambaran struktur mikroanatomi insang secara diskriptif. Hasil analisis menunjukkan kerusakan edema 0%-25%, fusi lamela antara 1%-75%, hiperplasia 0%-50%, epithelial lifting 0%-50%, dan nekrosis 0%-50%. Dari hasil penelitian dapat disimpulkan bahwa nilai  LC50-96 jam pada uji toksisitas ikan Nila Larasati sebesar 324,38 ppm dan mulai terjadi perubahan struktur mikroanatomi insang pada konsentrasi 259,51 ppm. The objective of thje study was to determine the value of LC50-96 hours in a toxicity test of Nila Larasati fish exposed to lead acetate; to determine the changes in the microanatomy structure and to determine the concentration of lead acetate which causes microanatomy structure changes in the gills of Nila Larasati fish. The samples were 120 fish to find out the 50% fish mortality within 96 hours, and 80 fish in treatment test with the lead acetate concentrations of 0 ppm; 259.51 ppm; 291.94 ppm; and 324.38 ppm. At the end of the 4th week of the research, the gill samples were taken and the analysis of the microanatomy structure was carried out descriptively. The result of the analysis showed that there were 0%-25% edema, 1%-75% lamella fusion, 0%-50% hyperplasia, 0%-50% epithelial lifting and 0%-50% necrosis. It was concluded that the value of LC50-96 hours in Nila Larasati fish toxicity test was 324.38 ppm; and microanatomy changes started to occur in the lead acetate concentration of 259.51 ppm. 

  3. MUSEUM TARI DI MAKASSAR DENGAN PENDEKATAN EKSPOSE STRUKTUR PADA FASAD BANGUNAN DAN PENERAPAN TEORI FRAKTAL

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    Taufik Arfan

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak—Pentingnya museum tari di Makassar adalah untuk memperkenalkan budaya yang dimiliki di Sulawesi Selatan yang dapat dikenal oleh seluruh manca negara, serta parawisatawan dan semua orang untuk berkunjung. Tujuan penelitian non arsitektural ini adalah menampilkan unsur kebudayaan, sejarah serta memperkenalkan Tari Tradisional yang ada di Sulawesi Selatan, sedangkan tujuan arsitekturalnya adalah menentukan lokasi yang sesuai dengan keberadaan museum tari, merancang ruang-ruang yang dibutuhkan sesuai dengan standar Museum serta kebutuhan ruang untuk Museum seni tari, merancang museum tari yang dikaitkan dengan ekspos struktur pada fasad dan penggabungannya dengan teori fraktal, merancang penggunaan fasad bangunan,struktur, utilitas, penampilan bangunan, serta tranformasi bentuk pada museum tari dan merancang tata massa pada museum tari. Hasil laporan ini adalah mendesain bangunan museum tari di Makassar dengan pendekatan ekspos pada struktur fasade bangunan dan penerapan teori fraktal yang disesuaikan dengan standar dan kebutuhan ruang. Kata Kunci :Museum tari, struktur, fasad, fractal Abstract-The importance of dance in Makassar museum is to introduce a culture held in South Sulawesi, which can be known by all foreign countries, as well as parawisatawan and everyone to visit. The research objective non architecturally it is featuring elements of culture, history and introduce Traditional Dance in South Sulawesi, while the purpose of the architectural is to determine the location that corresponds to the existence of the museum of dance, designing spaces required in accordance with the standards Museum as well as the need for space for art museum dance, design a museum of dance that is associated with exposure to the facade structure and merger with fractal theory, designing the use of facades of buildings, structures, utilities, appearance of the building, as well as the transformation of the museum forms of dance and design the masses on

  4. STRUKTUR TINGKAT TROFIK KOMUNITAS IKAN DI WADUK WADASLINTANG KABUPATEN WONOSOBO, JAWA TENGAH

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    Khoirul Fatah

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Waduk Wadas lintang memiliki potensi perikanan yang cukup besar baik perikanan tangkap maupun perikanan budidaya. Kegiatan penangkapan ikan di waduk Wadaslintang saat ini sudah cukup tinggi, yang akan berdampak langsung pada struktur komunitas ikan yang menyebabkan pergeseran pola hubungan antara pemangsa,mangsa atau pesaing pada berbagai tingkat trofik. Tujuan penelitian ini untukmengetahui pola hubungan antar kelompok ikan berdasarkan tingkat trofik dari tingkat trofik terendah sampai kepada ikan karnivor, sehingga diperoleh gambaran peran kelompok ikan dalam komunitas. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan pada bulan April, Juni, September dan Nopember 2013 di perairan waduk Wadaslintang. Analisa data mencakup komposisi hasil tangkapan dan kebiasaan makan ikan serta tingkat trofik komunitas ikan. Analisis sidik ragam untuk mengetahui perbedaan antar tingkat trofik. Ikan contoh diperoleh dari nelayan dengan alat tangkap jaring, mulai dari ukuran 0,75 – 4,5 inchi. Hasil penelitian diketemukan sebanyak 15 jenis ikan yang didominasi oleh ikan nila dengan persentase berat mencapai 56,45%. Struktur komunitas ikan di perairan waduk Wadaslintang tersusun atas tiga kelompok tingkat trofik yaitu ikan patin, nila, tawes dan nilem mempunyai jenjang trofik terendah (3,5. Kelompok ikan pada tingkat trofik rendah 3.5. Fish group on trophic level < 2.5 levels is very important group in supporting good community structure in Wadaslintang reservoir as a way to sustainability of populaion oh the other groups with higher trophic level.

  5. PENENTU-PENENTU STRUKTUR MODAL PERUSAHAAN YANG SAHAMNYA MASUK JAKARTA ISLAMIC INDEX

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    Astiwi Indriani

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk menganalisis faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi struktur modal (Debt to Equity Ratio/DER perusahaan yang sahamnya aktif dalam Jakarta Islamic Index periode tahun 2003-2005, dengan menggunakan variabel pertumbuhan penjualan, pertumbuhan aset, Return on Asset (ROA, ukuran perusahaan serta likuiditas. Penentuan struktur modal perusahaan yang efeknya masuk kategori efek syariah merupakan kebijakan yang diambil manajemen untuk memperoleh sumber dana yang dapat digunakan perusahaan secara maksimal dengan memenuhi ketentuan syariah. Dengan purposive sampling didapatkan sampel sebanyak 11 perusahaan. Hasil regresi menunjukkan bahwa ROA berpengaruh negatif, dan ukuran perusahaan (size firm  berpengaruh positif terhadap DER.This study investigates the factors that influence capital structure i.e. debt to equity ratio (DER. Sales growth, asets growth, Return on Aset (ROA, firm size and liquidity are used as independent variable The determination of capital structure is management policy to obtain  funds that can be used optimally. Syaria stocks have certain capital structure rule. Sample of this study is active stocks in Jakarta Islamic  Index traded in the period of 2003-2005. Using purposive sampling, 11 stocks are included as sample. The result shows that Return on Aset effect negatively and firm size has positive influence on Debt Equity Ratio.

  6. MARKET TIMING DAN PENGARUHNYA TERHADAP STRUKTUR MODAL PADA PERUSAHAAN MANUFAKTUR INDONESIA YANG IPO TAHUN 2000-2008

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    Miswanto Miswanto

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available AbstractThis study aimed to test whether there is equity market timing on capital structure manufacturing company in Indonesia, and whether market timing of equity in the long term (persistent effect on the capital structure of Indonesian manufacturing company. The sample used is the Indonesian manufacturing companies that go public in Indonesia Stock Exchange (BEI in 2000-2008, and the data used is panel. Results of this study indicate that there is equity market timing on capital structure. Thus, there are indications of the practice of issuing shares at high and repurchasing at a low price. The results also indicate that equity market timing persistent influence on the capital structure.Keywords: equity market timing, market-to-book ratio, leverage, capital structure, and market value.AbstrakPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguji apakah ada market timing ekuitas pada struktur modal perusahaan manufaktur di Indonesia, dan apakah market timing ekuitas dalam jangka panjang (persisten berpengaruh terhadap struktur modal perusahaan manufaktur Indonesia. Sampel yang digunakan adalah perusahaan manufaktur Indonesia yang melakukan IPO di Bursa Efek Indonesia (BEI tahun 2000–2008, dan data yang digunakan adalah data panel. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa ada market timing ekuitas pada struktur modal. Dengan demikian, ada indikasi praktik menerbitkan ekuitas saham pada saat harga (nilai pasar ekuitas tinggi dan stock repurchase (membeli kembali saham pada harga rendah. Hasil penelitian ini juga menunjukkan bahwa market timing ekuitas berpengaruh secara persisten terhadap struktur modal.Kata kunci: market timing ekuitas, market-to-book ratio, leverage, struktur modal, dan nilai pasar.

  7. Reduksi Suara Lengkingan pada Struktur Cakram dengan Beban Gesek melalui Penambahan Massa

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    Muchlisinalahuddin Muchlisinalahuddin

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Suara lengkingan (squeal noise sering terjadi jika salah satu permukaan kontak logambergesekan dengan permukaan logam lainnya padakondisi tertentu. Dalam banyakpengamatan, spektrum frekuensi yang dihasilkan didominasi oleh sejumlah puncak yangsangat tajam biasanya dalam rentang frekuensi 1-20 kHz, sering berupa bentuk frekuensitunggal. Tulisan ini difokuskan pada modifikasi struktur untuk mengurangi suara lengkinganyaitu dengan menambahkan massa pada struktur bebentuk cakram sebagai pemodelan daribentuk sederhana dari roda kereta api. Beberapa massa ditambahkan pada struktur cakramuntuk mencegah getaran yang tidak stabil akibat gesekan dan untuk untuk mengurangi suaralengkingan. Dalam penelitian sebelumnya ditemukan bahwa penambahan massa untukstruktur dengan gesekan yang menyebabkan suara lengkingan dapat diterapkan untukmenggeser atau mengurangi wilayah yang tidak stabil dari modus terkopel. dengan caramenghilangkan daerah tak stabil dari kondisi kerja. Pada penelitian ini, penambahan dua,empat dan delapan massa tambahan dengan berbagai ukuran ditambahkan di tepi cakram,dimana amplitudo getarannya lebih tinggi dibandingkan diposisi lainnya. Sehingga didapatkanbahwa dengan menambahkan delapan massa tambahan ditepi cakram suara lengkingan dapatdihilangkan, terutama dengan penambahan massa 50 gram dapat menghilangkan suaralengkingan dan dapat menggeser frekuensi pribadi menjadi 2114 Hz.Kata Kunci : suara lengkingan, modus terkopel, peredam dinamik,penambahan massa Squeal noise often occurs when a contact surfaces of metal rubbing against another metalsurface under certain conditions. In many observations, the frequency spectrum is dominatedby a number of very sharp peaks typically in the frequency range 1-20 kHz, often in singlefrequency form. This paper is focused on structural modifications to reduce the squeal noise byadding a mass in a simple thin disc as a simple model of train wheel where squeal noise isfrequently found when the train moves

  8. Teori Pecking Order dan Trade-Off dalam Analisis Struktur Modal di Bursa Efek Indonesia

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    D Agus Harjito

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available AbstractThis study aims to test the pecking order theory and trade-off theory of capital structure in the analysis of the Indonesia Stock Exchange. Pecking order theory is represented by the variable profitability and growth, while the variables volatility of earnings, tangibility of assets and the size represents a trade-off theory. The company's goal is prosperity of shareholder value. To achieve these objectives the company needs funds from internal sources and external sources. Internal sources in the form of retained earnings, while the external sources of debt and shareholders' approval in the pecking order theory. This study uses the data of financial ratios of the firms during the period 2000-2010. To analyze the data, this study uses a multiple regression with the dependent variable is the debt ratio, while profitability, growth, volatility of earnings, tangibility of assets and size as independent variables. The results show that asset structure and company size has a positive and significant impact on capital structure, while profitability has a negative effect on debt ratios. But company's growth rate has not relationship with the debt ratio or capital structure. Simultaneously, the all independent variables affect capital structure significantly.Keywords: pecking order, trade-off, capital structure, debt rasioAbstrakPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguji teori pecking order dan teori trade-off dalam analisis struktur modal di Bursa Efek Indonesia. Teori pecking order diwakili oleh variabel profitability dan growth, sementara variabel-variabel volatility of earnings, tangibility of assets dan size mewakili teori trade-off. Tujuan perusahaan adalah memakmurkan nilai pemegang saham. Untuk mencapai tujuan tersebut perusahaan membutuhkan dana yang diperoleh dari sumber internal dan sumber eksternal. Sumber internal berupa laba ditahan, sedangkan sumber eksternal berupa hutang dan saham sebagaimana dijelaskan dalam teori pecking order

  9. INTERPRETASI STRUKTUR BAWAH PERMUKAAN DAERAH MATA AIR PANAS KRAKAL KEBUMEN DENGAN METODE GEOLISTRIK

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    S Fauziyah

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Energi geothermal merupakan salah satu kekayaan sumber daya alam yang sedang dikembangkan. Salah satu kawasan geothermal tersebut adalah kawasan wisata mata air panas Krakal, Kebumen. Sumber daya alam geothermal tersebut dikembangkan sebagai objek wisata. Dalam pengembangannya, belum ada informasi struktur bawah permukaan daerah wisata tersebut. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui gambaran struktur bawah permukaan daerah mata air panas Krakal. Pengambilan data dilakukan dengan metode geolistrik konfigurasi schlumberger pada 5 lintasan dengan 3 titik sounding tiap lintasan. Pengolahan data menggunakan software Progress dan Surfer 10.  Hasil pengolahan data menunjukkan struktur bawah permukaan tersusun oleh 3 lapisan batuan yaitu batu pasir dengan kisaran nilai resistivitas kurang dari 10 Ωm dan ketebalan hingga 20 meter, batu lempung berpasir  dengan rentang nilai resistivitas 10-50 Ωm dan ketebalan mencapai 20 meter, dan batu lempung gamping dengan kisaran resistivitas 50-65 Ωm dan ketebalan 20 meter. Anomali resistivitas rendah mengindikasikan adanya akuifer air panas dan air dingin yang muncul ke permukaan.  Geothermal energy is one of the wealth of natural resources that are being developed. One such area is the tourist area of geothermal hot springs Krakal, Kebumen. Natural geothermal resources were developed as a tourist attraction. In its development, no information on subsurface structure of the tourist area. This study aims to reveal the subsurface structure of the Hot Springs area Krakal. Data collection was performed by Schlumberger configuration geoelectric method in five 3-point sounding track with each track. Data processing using the software Surfer Progress and 10. The results of the processing of the data showed subsurface structure is composed of 3 layers of rock is sandstone with a range of resistivity values of less than 10 Ωm and a thickness of up to 20 meters, sandy clay stone with a range of values of

  10. Struktur Vegetasi Kawasan Hutan Alam dan Hutan Rerdegradasi di Taman Nasional Tesso Nilo

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    Andi Kusumo

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Hutan Tesso Nilo merupakan kawasan dengan tingkat keanekaragaman tanaman berpembuluh dan merupakan habitat bagi satwa terancam punah yaitu harimau sumatera (Panthera tigris sumatrae dan gajah sumatera (Elephas maximus sumatranus. Kawasan ini tidak luput dari kegiatan perambahan dan di konversi menjadi perkebunan dan permukiman. Pembukaan lahan hutan akan mengakibatkan rusaknya fungsi hutan dan mengakibatkan musnahnya berbagai jenis flora dan fauna. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui akibat yang ditimbulkan oleh perambahan hutan terhadap strukur vegetasi kawasan hutan. Metode yang digunakan adalah survei dengan menggunakan sampling vegetasi petak dalam jalur dilokasi hutan alam dan hutan terdegradasi akibat perambahan. Hasil dianalisis untuk mengetahui kelimpahan vegetasi, indeks nilai penting dan indeks keanekaragaman (Shannon-Wiener. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa perambahan hutan mengakibatkan terjadinya perubahan pada struktur vegetasi. Perambahan mengakibatkan penurunan jumlah kelimpahan vegetasi, nilai keanekaragaman, dan dominansi jenis (indeks nilai penting baik pada tingkat semai, pancang, tiang dan pohon. Kata kunci: Taman Nasional Tesso Nilo, struktur vegetasi, perambahan ABSTRACT Tesso Nilo forest is an area with a greater diversity of vascular plants and habitat for an endangered species, namely the Sumatran tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae and the Sumatran elephant (Elephas maximus sumatranus. This area was not spared from encroachment and conversion to plantations and settlements. Forest clearing will cause damage to forest functions and lead to the extinction of various species of flora and fauna. The purpose of this study was to determine the consequences caused by the encroachment of the structure of forest vegetation. The method used was a survey by sampling vegetation plots in the path of the location of natural forests and forests degraded due to encroachment. The results were analyzed to determine the

  11. Penentuan Posisi Hiposenter Gempabumi dengan Menggunakan Metoda Guided Grid Search dan Model Struktur Kecepatan Tiga Dimensi

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    Hendro Nugroho

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Salah satu penelitian ilmu kebumian yang perlu dilakukan untuk membantu upaya mitigasi bencana gempabumi adalah menentukan pusat gempa dengan presisi tinggi. Dalam hal ini ketelitian sangat diperlukan oleh karena adanya heterogenitas materi bumi yang dilewati gelombang gempa dari hiposenter ke stasiun pencatat. Oleh karena itu dengan bantuan model geotomografi (model struktur 3D kecepatan rambat gelombang gempa diharapkan akan dapat diperoleh posisi sumber gempa yang lebih baik. Untuk studi ini daerah penelitian yang diambil adalah Jawa dan sekitarnya, yaitu : 7° LS - 11° LS dan 105° BT - 114° BT. Data yang digunakan adalah waktu tiba gelombang P dari seismogram yang direkam pada seismograf broadband di Indonesia. Penentuan hiposenter menggunakan metoda guided grid search dengan model kecepatan 3D untuk busur Sunda. Hasil penentuan hiposenter gempa dengan pendekatan ini memberikan tingkat kesalahan yang lebih kecil dibandingkan dengan jika digunakan model kecepatan 1D.

  12. STRUKTUR MODAL DAN MODAL KERJA PT XYZ SERTA PENGARUHNYA TERHADAP KINERJA PERUSAHAAN

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    Untung Setiono

    2017-01-01

    (Automatic Teller Machine dan EDC (Electronic Data Capture. Di tahun 2012 perusahaan membeli software tandem dari vendor luar negeri dimana menghabiskan dana USD 3,4 juta, dengan pembelian ini maka dari itu penting untuk di teliti: 1 kebijakan struktur modal perusahaan, 2 kebijakan modal kerja  perusahaan dan 3 hubungan kinerja keuangan perusahaan berdasarkan dua kebijakan tersebut. Metode yang digunakan adalah analisis regresi linier berganda, mengukur hubungan variabel struktur modal dan modal kerja perusahaan. Pada penelitian telah menemukan: 1 kebijakan struktur modal perusahaan sejalan dengan teori Pecking Order, dimana perusahaan lebih menggunakan dana modal sendiri sebelum menggunakan hutang jangka panjang pada pihak lain, 2 kebijakan modal kerja perusahaan kurang efisien, dikarenakan sebagian besar asset lancar adalah dalam bentuk deposito berjangka bulanan dan bahkan melebihi hutang lancer itu sendiri, dan 3 hubungan antara hutang jangka pendek dan rasio likuiditas adalah negative, sedangkan total hutang (jangka pendek dan jangka panjang berkorelasi positif dengan rasio solvabilitas/leverage perusahaan. Penelitian ini menyimpulkan manajemen untuk lebih mengurangi asset lancer mereka dan lebih menggunakan asset tersebut untuk investasi jangka panjang, bukan hanya untuk deposito berjangka.Kata kunci: ATM, EDC, regresi, struktur modal, kinerja keuangan

  13. PENGARUH STRUKTUR MODAL, UKURAN PERUSAHAAN, ASIMETRI INFORMASI, DAN PROFITABILITAS TERHADAP KUALITAS LABA

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    Iin Mutmainah Eka Risdawaty

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis pengaruh struktur modal, ukuran perusahaan, asimetri informasi, dan profitabilitas terhadap kualitas laba. Populasi penelitian ini adalah seluruh perusahaan manufaktur yang  terdaftar di Bursa Efek Indonesia (BEI yang berjumlah 123 perusahaan. Pengambilan sampel dilakukan dengan mengunakan metode purposive sampling dan diperoleh sebanyak 59 perusahaan. Data di analisa dengan menggunakan Regresi Linier Berganda. Hasil analisis data menunjukkan bahwa struktur modal yang diproksikan dengan leverage dan profitabilitas yang diproksikan oleh return on asset (ROA memiliki pengaruh dengan kualitas laba. Sementara itu ukuran perusahaan yang diproksikan dengan Ln Log total Asset dan asimetri informasi yang diproksikan dengan Spread tidak memiliki pengaruh dengan kualitas laba. Hasil penelitian secara simultan menunjukkan bahwa seluruh variable independen berpengaruh terhadap kualitas laba. Penelitian selanjutnya bisa menggunakan proksi lain untuk mengukur kualitas laba seperti Corporate Governance.This study aimed to analyze the effect of capital structure, company size, asymmetry of information, and the profitability of the quality of earnings. The study population was all companies listed on the Indonesian Stock Exchange (BEI, which amounted to 123 companies. Sampling was done by using purposive sampling method and obtained as many as 59 companies. Data were analyzed using multiple linear regression. The result showed that the capital structure and leverage proxies with proxy profitability by return on assets (ROA has influence with the quality of earnings. While the size of the company which is proxied by Log Ln total assets and information asymmetry Spread proxy with no influence by the quality of earnings. Simultaneous research results show that all the independent variables affect the quality laba. Future studies could use another proxy to measure the quality of earnings as Corporate Governance.

  14. STRUKTUR KONSEP MAHASISWA CALON GURU TENTANG MEDAN ELEKTROSTATIK BERDASARKAN ANALISIS FRAMING

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    S. E. Nugroho

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengeksplorasi struktur konsep mahasiswa calon guru tentang medan elektrostatik. Data diperolehdengan menggunakan metode thinks-aloud, didukung metode lain yaitu wawancara, diskusi, dan tes tertulis Responden penelitianterdiri atas delapan mahasiswa semester 2 yang telah menempuh fisika dasar sebagai kelompok I, dan sembilan mahasiswasemester 6 yang telah menempuh mata kuliah kelistrikan dan kemagnetan sebagai kelompok II. Mahasiswa tersebut diberipertanyaan real-worlds yang menyangkut konsep dasar medan dan memerlukan jawaban secara spontan. Hasil studi inimenunjukan bahwa (1 struktur konsep mahasiswa mengenai medan elektrostatik pada umumnya mengalami fragmentasi; (2mahasiswa mengalami kerancuan dalam memahami konsep medan elektrostatik; (3 Pada umumnya, mahasiswa masihberlandaskan konsep gaya dalam memahami tentang medan. The purpose of this research is to explore the concept structure of electrostatics field of teacher candidate student. In thisexperiment, we used thinks-aloud method and varied by others (interview, discussion and written-test. Respondent consisted ofeight students of second semester passing Basic Physics subject as the first group and nine students of sixth semester passingelectricity and magnetism subject as the second group. On these students the real world questions related to concept of field andneeded spontaneous answer are asked. The study result shows that (1 in general the concept structure of electrostatics field ofstudents undergoes fragmenting process; (2 the students experience contamination in understanding the electrostatics fieldconcept, and (3 in general the students are still based on the force concept in understanding the field.Keywords: framing analysis, teacher candidate student, concept structure

  15. POLITISASI GENDER DAN HAK-HAK PEREMPUAN KENDALA STRUKTURAL KETERLIBATAN PEREMPUAN DALAM PENCALONAN LEGISLATIF

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    Irwan Abdullah

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Peluang partisipasi perempuan dalam politik melalui kuota tiga puluh persen pada kenyataannya masih mengalami sejumlah kendala struktural. Penyebabnya adalah kesalah pahaman dari peran perempuan yang menempatkan perempuan bukan sebagai pemimpin tetapi hanya sebagai ‘pemanis’ politik untuk menarik massa pemilih. Selain itu, kurangnya tindakan afirmatif yang dilakukan oleh pihak partai juga melemahkan posisi perempuan dalam politik. Artikel ini menyimpulkan bahwa hambatan struktural untuk keterlibatan perempuan dalam politik dapat diselesaikan dengan komitmen dan kerjasama dari berbagai pihak, yaitu perempuan itu sendiri, masyarakat, partai politik dannegara sebagai penjamin yang bertanggung jawab untuk pemenuhan hak-hak politik perempuan. Tanpa sinergi berbagai pihak, hak-hak politik perempuan masih akan diabaikan. kata kunci: Calon anggota legislatif perempuan, Hakpolitik perempuan, Reposisi perempuan   The opportunities of women participation in politics through a quota of thirty percent in reality is still experiencing a number of structural constraints.The cause is a misconception of women role which places women not as a leader but only as a political‘sweetener’ to attract the masses of voters. Besides,the lack of affirmative actions undertaken by theparties also weakens the position of women in politics.The article concludes that the structural obstacles towomen’s involvement in politics can be solved with the commitment and cooperation of many parties, namelythe women themselves, society, political parties andthe state as the guarantor which is responsible for thefulfillment of the political rights of women. Without thesynergy of various parties, women’s political rights willstill be neglected. Keywords : Candidates for Legislative Women, Women’sPolitical Rights, Women Repositioning

  16. DISAIN STRUKTURAL DALAM PERSPEKTIF KEARIFAN LOKAL PADA RUMAH TRADISIONAL MELAYU KOTA SAMBAS KALIMANTAN BARAT

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    Zairin Zain

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Rumah itu dibangun untuk memenuhi kebutuhan fisik dan spiritual bagi penghuni. Ini berarti bahwa fungsi rumah secara fisik dibangun untuk mempertahankan hidup mereka dari ancaman lingkungan seperti iklim, cuaca atau hewan liar, sementara rumah juga diperuntukkan untuk kebutuhan rohani mereka dengan memfasilitasi interaksi antara penghuni di rumah atau interaksi dengan orang di luar rumah. Untuk itu, menarik untuk mendalami kearifan lokal  yang hidup di  masyarakat tradisional di Kota  Sambas Kalimantan Barat, melalui pemahaman disain struktural  dari  elemen-elemen  tempat tinggal tersebut. Disain struktural bangunan dikerjakan dalam memenuhi tujuan-tujuan untuk  safety,  values,  fitness,  compatibility  dan  flexibility. Dari hasil penelitian ini ditemukan bahwa disain struktural rumah tradisional Melayu di kota Sambas dibangun dengan  Tujuan  Safety  diperoleh dari keadaan yang memperhatikan kedominanan, proporsi dan keseimbangan; Tujuan Value diperoleh dari perhatian terhadap konstruksi ruang, keterhubungan ruang, susunan dan perletakan kolom; Tujuan Fitness diperoleh dari pemilihan dan pola struktur; Tujuan Compatibility diperoleh dari perhatian terhadap pemilihan material, orientasi bangunan dan bentuk-bentuk struktur ruang; sedangkan Tujuan Flexibility diperoleh dari susunan dan keterkaitan ruang serta pemilihan sistem struktur.   The house was built to meet the physical and spiritual needs of the occupants. This means that the physical functions of house was bulit to maintain their living from environmental threats such as climate, weather or wild animals, while the house as well intended for their spiritual needs to facilitating the interaction between the occupants in the house or interaction with people outside the house. For that, it is interesting to explore the local wisdom that growing in traditional people of the Sambas town West Kalimantan, through an understanding of the structural design of the

  17. Struktur, Fungsi, dan Makna Talempong Bundo dalam Upacara Maanta Padi Saratuih

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    Wilma Sriwulan

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Talempong bundo adalah istilah untuk permainan musik talempong oleh sekelompok musisiperempuan di Nagari Singkarak Minangkabau. Permainan musik ini hanya dipertunjukkan dalamupacara maanta padi saratuih, yaitu upacara persembahan hasil panen yang dilakukan oleh perempuanperempuandari pihak induak bako dalam rangkaian tradisi perkawinan anak pisangnya. Dalam upacaraini induak bako menjemput anak pisang, membawanya ke rumah bako, kemudian mengantarkankembali dengan arak-arakan maanta padi saratuih. Talempong bundo merupakan satu-satunya musikprosesi yang dihadirkan dalam upacara itu, dan hingga saat ini kehadirannya masih dijunjung tinggioleh masyarakat setempat. Fokus dari tulisan ini menjelaskan latar belakang kehadiran talempong bundodi dalam upacara maanta padi saratuih, melacak dan menjelaskan struktur talempong bundo dan relasiantar struktur secara fungsional, dan kemudian menjelaskan makna talempong bundo dalam upacaratersebut. Melalui teori fungsionalisme struktural A.R. Radcliffe-Brown dibantu dengan teori simbolVictor Turner diperoleh pemahaman bahwa prosesi arak-arakan maanta padi saratuih yang didukungoleh bunyi-bunyian talempong bundo mengumandangkan kepada masyarakat bahwa eksistensi pihakinduak bako masih fenomenal di daerah tersebut. Talempong bundo merupakan simbol eksistensipihak induak bako dalam konteks legitimasi terhadap anak pisangnya. Keberadaan talempong bundodalam upacara maanta padi saratuih merupakan representasi sistem matrilineal dalam masyarakatMinangkabau di Nagari Singkarak The Structure, Function, and Meaning of Talempong Bundo in the Ceremony of MaantaPadi Saratuih. Talempong bundo is a term that is used for music performace of talempong by some femalemusicians in Nagari Singkarak, Minangkabau. The music is typically performed only in the ceremony ofmaanta padi saratuih, namely an offering ceremony for a rice harvest that is made by some women of induakbako in a context of their anak pisang, a tradition of its

  18. STRUKTUR BENTUK KOMPOSISI DAN AKULTURASI MUSIK TERBANG BIOLA SABDO RAHAYU DESA PEKIRINGAN, KECAMATAN TALANG, KABUPATEN TEGAL

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    Endri Muris Jatmiko

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Terbang Biola Sabdo Rahayu Desa Pekiringan,Kecamatan Talang, Kabupaten Tegal merupakan kesenian yang lahir dari masyarakat pendukungnya, kesederhanaan penampilannya  menjadi cirri-khas. Terbang Biola merupakan hasil kreatif  daribentuk kesenian  rebana yang ditambahkan instrumen musik biola, gambang, seruling, kecrek (marakas, dan kentongan. Masalah yang diangkat dalam penelitianadalah bagaimana struktur bentuk komposisi musik Terbang Biola Sabdo Rahayu dan akulturasi musik yang terjadi dalam musik Terbang Biola Sabdo Rahayu.  Metode penelitian pendekataninterdisiplin.Teknik pengambilan data dengan wawancara, observasi, dan studi dokumen.Teknikanalisis data yang diterapkan adalah isi teks dan konteks.Hasil analisa data, wawancara, observasi, dan studi dokumen selanjutnya dicocokan dengan menggunakan triangulasi.  Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa Terbang Biola Sabdo Rahayu merupakan kesenian bentuk musik campuran musik vokal dan musik instrumental.Bentuk komposisi musik didalamnya mencakup notasi, tanda kunci, melodi, ritme, harmoni, tempo, dinamik, tangga nada, dan ekspresi.Terbang Biola Sabdo Rahayu merupakan  kesenian akulturasiberdasarkan instrumen musik yang digunakan yaitu, rebana (Arab, biola (Eropa, dan  gambang (Jawa.

  19. Zur Struktur des deutschen Satzes. Systematische Betrachtung der einzelnen Satzpositionen unter didaktischen Gesichtspunkten

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    Dieter Schmid

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Die Struktur, d.h. die Syntax des deutschen Satzes ist möglicherweise das komplexeste Thema der deutschen Grammatik. Es scheint, dass die meisten Fehler in diesem Bereich gemacht werden, und selbst Muttersprachler und Muttersprachlerinnen sind oft unsicher bzgl. der richtigen Wortstellung, insbesondere im Mittelfeld des Satzes. Dieser Aufsatz versucht, Deutschlehrern und -lehrerinnen eine Hilfestellung zu geben, indem er − aufbauend auf das topologische oder Stellungsfeldermodell von Erich Drach (vgl. Musan 2009: 10 − die wichtigsten Stellungsregeln für die verschiedenen Satzelemente angibt. Dies geschieht dadurch, dass alle möglichen „Positionen“ des deutschen Satzes systematisch untersucht werden, eine nach der anderen. The structure, i.e., the syntax of the German sentence is perhaps the most complex topic of German grammar. It seems that most mistakes are made in this area, and even native speakers are often not sure about the correct word order, especially in the middle-field of the sentence. This paper tries to help German teachers by giving them − based on the topological field model of Erich Drach − the most important rules about the correct positioning of the different elements of the sentence. It does so by examining systematically all the possible “positions” of the German sentence, one after the other.

  20. STRUKTUR META TEORI AKUNTANSI KEUANGAN (Sebuah Telaah dan Perbandingan antara FASB dan IASC

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    I Made Narsa

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The objectives of this paper is to analyses the structure of meta-theoretical of financial accounting that was used by FASB and IASC to develop the conceptual framework for financial accounting reporting. The discussion of conceptual framework conducted by comparison of the basic different between the FASB and IASC framework, then analyses the constraints to implement IFRS and identify the way out of the constraints faced by the body. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk membahas struktur meta teori yang dipergunakan oleh FASB dan IASC dalam mengembangkan rerangka konseptual, menelaah perbedaan-perbedaan mendasar, menganalisis hambatan-hambatan yang dialami serta mengidentifikasi upaya-upaya yang harus dilakukan agar IFRS diterapkan oleh negara-negara anggota. Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan cara membandingkan rerangka dasar yang diatur dalam FASB dan IASC dan kemudian menganalisa hambatan yang timbul dengan adanya penerapan IFRS dan mengidentifikasi bagaimana hambatan tersebut dapat diselesaikan. Kata kunci: globalisasi, harmonisasi, meta teori, FASB dan IASC, kerangka dasar, akuntansi keuangan

  1. PENGARUH GOOD CORPORATE GOVERNANCE DAN STRUKTUR KEPEMILIKAN TERHADAP KINERJA PERUSAHAAN (STUDI EMPIRIS PADA PERUSAHAAN MANUFAKTUR YANG TERDAFTAR DI BEI TAHUN 2010-2011

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    Fifi Widyaningsih

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk meneliti pengaruh good corporate governance dan struktur kepemilikan saham dalam perusahaan terhadap peningkatan kinerja perusahaan. Penelitian ini menggunakan data sekunder, yaitu laporan keuangan tahunan perusahaan manufaktur yang telah terdaftar di Bursa Efek Indonesia untuk tahun 2010-2011. Pengambilan sampel yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah purposive sampling. Analisis data dengan analisis regresi berganda. Hasil analisis regresi linier berganda dalam penelitian ini adalah corporate governance memiliki pengaruh yang positif terhadap kinerja perusahaan, sedangkan struktur kepemilikan saham baik kepemilikan dari pihak institusional ataupun manajerial tidak berpengaruh positif terhadap kinerja perusahaan.

  2. Struktur Komunitas Ikan Karang di Perairan Kendari (Community Structure of Coral Reef Fishes at Kendari Waters

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    Muhammad Adrim

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Keberadaan ikan karang merupakan salah satu bioindikator terhadap kondisi terumbu karang yang baik. Penelitian ikan karang di perairan Kendari bertujuan untuk mengetahui komposisi jenis, kelimpahan, sebaran, dan struktur komunitas ikan karang di perairan tersebut. Pengumpulan data dilakukan bulan Juli 2011 pada lima lokasi di bagian utara dan selatan Kendari. Data dihimpun dengan menggunakan teknik Underwater Visual Census (UVC dan metode transek (Line Intersept Transect, LIT dengan peralatan SCUBA. Total jenis ikan karang terkumpul sebanyak 111 jenis yang mewakili 24 famili, terdiri dari 31 jenis ikan target (ikan konsumsi, 17 jenis ikan indikator (indicator species, dan kelompok major 63 jenis. Kelornpok ikan pangan (target yang dominan; Caesio cuning, Siganus vulpinus dan Ctenochaetus striatus. Jenis yang paling dominan dari ikan indikator adalah Chaetodon octofasciatus. Sedangkan kelompok lainnya (major yang dominan adalah Pomacentrus smithii, Chrysiptera rollandi, Chrysiptera springeri, dan Pomacentrus alexanderae. Nilai Indeks keanekaragaman berkisar 1,36– 3,23. Indeks dominasi Margalef (d berkisar 4,74–8,66. Indeks kemerataan Pielou (J’=H’/logeS diperololeh pada kisaran 0,38–0,81 . Hasil analisis kluster pada matrik kesamaan Bray-Curtis 37 % diperoleh dendrograrn yang menunjukkan dua pengelompokan stasiun. Berdasarkan ordinasi sampel dengan MDS diperoleh dari kesamaan (stress= 0 dengan jelas menunjukkan dua komunitas yang berbeda. Hasil penelitian ini diharapkan dapat menjadi masukan sebagai data dasar untuk pengelolaan daerah pesisir bagi pemerintahan daerah (PEMDA. Kata kunci: ikan karang, struktur komunitas, indeks ekologi, perairan Kendari. Coral reef Fishes is one of bio-indicators for good condition coral reef ecosystem. A study on coral reef fishes in the Kendari waters was aimed to find out species composition, abundance, distribution and community structure of coral reef fishes in that area. The study was conducted in

  3. Structure of the amplitude equation of the climate; Struktur der Amplitudengleichung des Klimas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hauschild, A. [Freie Univ. Berlin (Germany). Inst. fuer Meteorologie

    1999-04-01

    The structure of the `amplitude equation`, a new dynamic equation on the seasonal time scale is derived, in which the weather scales may be treated statistically. The elsewhere-introduced climate-specific seasonally smoothed amplitudes and phases of the Fourier spectral representation are used as new prognostic variables. For the vorticity it is shown, that the still unsolved problem of the parameterisation of subscale transports may be solved in the `amplitude equation`. The approach could be successful because of the empirically derived statistical properties of the amplitudes (Poisson distribution and ergodicity) and of the phases (equipartition) of sub-planetary waves could be used. They allow a scale separation of weather and climate and lead to a tremendous reduction of the number of the horizontal degree of freedom of the amplitude equation to be between 10{sup 3} and 10{sup 4}. (orig.) [Deutsch] Es wird die Struktur der `Amplitudengleichung`, einer neuen dynamischen Gleichung auf der saisonalen Zeitskala abgeleitet. Anhand analysierter Daten des EZMW wird gezeigt, dass in der `Amplitudengleichung` die explizite Dynamik des Wetters tatsaechlich statistisch behandelt werden kann. Als prognostische Variablen der Gleichung werden die woanders neu eingefuehrten, klimaspezifischen, saisonal geglaetteten Amplituden und Phasen der Fourier-Spektraldarstellung verwendet. Am Beispiel der Vorticity wird gezeigt, dass das bisher ungeloeste Problem der Behandlung der subskaligen Transporte in der `Amplitudengleichung` grundsaetzlich geloest werden kann. Dies gelingt durch Ausnutzung der ebenfalls empirisch abgeleiteten besonderen statistischen Eigenschaften der Amplituden (Poissonverteilung und Ergodizitaet) und Phasen (Gleichverteilung) der subplanetaren Wellen, die eine Skalentrennung von Wetter und Klima ermoeglichen. Dies fuehrt zur erheblichen Reduktion der Zahl der horizontalen Freiheitsgrade der Amplitudengleichung auf 10{sup 3} bis 10{sup 4}. Die Ableitung

  4. Pelapisan Sosial dan Pernikahan Ideal dalam Mitos Sangkuriang: Telaah Struktural Antropologi Lévi-Strauss

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    Asep Yudha Wirajaya

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Mitos Sangkuriang merupakan mitos yang pesan kearifan tradisinya “gagal” dicerna oleh masyarakat pemiliknya. Mitos ini pada akhirnya hanya mampu menceritakan asal mula ”kelahiran” sebuah gunung dan cekungan Bandung, dan tidak ada hubungannya dengan kehidupan manusia kecuali tentang perjalanan kehidupan seorang anak manusia yang durhaka pada orang tuanya. Tampak bahwa, pesan-pesan mitos ini sedemikian naifnya jika dibandingkan dengan dinamika perjalanan kehidupan yang dijalani oleh manusia Sangkuriang. Karena itulah perlu cara pandang, pemahaman dan penafsiran yang tidak hanya menangkap berbagai fenomena atas peristiwa yang terjadi dalam kehidupan sehari-hari tetapi juga untuk melihat ‘batin sosial’ suatu masyarakat bahkan melihat ke dalam ‘struktur dalam’ (deep structure suatu masyarakat. Dengan demikian mitos sebagai sebuah ”proses komunikasi” lintas generasi dalam tataran simbolis mampu hadir dan bermakna dalam tatanan yang apik dan rapih sebagai alternatif solusi mengatasi atau memecahkan berbagai kontradiksi empiris yang selama ini tidak terpahami oleh nalar manusia. Abstract: Sangkuriang myth represents myth whose message of its tradition wisdom is "fail" to be digested by its owner society. This myth in the end only can narrate provenance "birth" a Bandung hollow and mount, and there no relation with human life except about life journey a disaffected human being child at its old fellow. See that, messages of this myth is naive in such a way in comparison with life journey dynamics experienced by Sangkuriang human being. Therefore, it needs a way of approach, interpretation and understanding which do not only catch various phenomenon to the event that happened in everyday life, but also to see 'social mind' society, even see into 'structure in' (structure deep society. Thereby myth as a "communications process" passed by quickly generation in symbolic devices can attend and have a meaning of in nice structure and good

  5. POTENSI PEMAKAIAN KERIKIL PATERONGAN TORJUN DAN OMBEN DI PULAU MADURA UNTUK BETON STRUKTUR

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    Julistiono Handojo

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available The use of structural concrete in Madura increases with the development of the island, however coarse and fine aggregates which are used, mostly come from Jawa. This research explores the possibility of using the coarse aggregates from Madura taken from Paterongan, Torjun, and Omben. Although it is shown that in general the coarse aggregates are physically the same with aggregates from Mojokerto or Pasuruan and pass SNI, ACI, ASTM, and BS, only aggregate from Torjun pass the flakiness requirements. The fineness modulus of the aggregates do not pass SNI but pass the BS requirement. Using the aggregates in 225kg/cm2 concrete strength mix design fail to reach the target strength. Aggregates from Paterongan and Omben are only recommended for lean concrete, but there is a possibility to use aggregates from Torjun for structural concrete, with betterment in grading. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Pemakaian beton di pulau Madura meningkat seiring dengan perkembangan pulau Madura tetapi agregat kasar dan halus yang digunakan untuk pembuatan beton masih banyak didatangkan dari pulau Jawa. Untuk melihat kemungkinan penggunaan krikil Madura sebagai agregat kasar beton, telah dilakukan penelitian kekuatan terhadap kerikil Madura yang berasal dari Paterongan, Torjun, dan Omben. Meskipun secara umum dapat dikatakan sifat-sifat fisik kerikil tersebut mendekati sama dengan kerikil dari Mojokerto atau Pasuruan dan memenuhi syarat SNI, ACI, ASTM maupun BS, hanya krikil dari Torjun yang memenuhi syarat kepipihan. Modulus kehalusan kerikil tersebut juga tidak memenuhi syarat SNI walaupun masih memenuhi syarat BS. Penggunaan kerikil Paterongan, Torjun, dan Omben untuk mix disain 225 kg/cm2 ternyata di bawah target yang diharapkan, sehingga kerikil Paterongan dan Omben direkomendasi hanya untuk beton rabat, sedangkan kerikil dari Torjun kemungkinan masih bisa digunakan untuk beton struktur dengan perbaikan gradasi.

  6. PENGARUH FREE CASH FLOW DAN STRUKTUR KEMPEMILIKAN TERHADAP DIVIDEND PAYOUT RATIO

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    Jurica Lucyanda

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan menguji bagaimana free cash flow dan struktur kepemilikan berpengaruh terhadap dividend payout ratio pada perusahaan nonkeuangan yang terdaftar pada Bursa Efek Indonesia. Metode analisis yang digunakan adalah regresi berganda. Penelitian ini menggunakan data empiris dari Bursa Efek Indonesia dengan sampel sebanyak 70 perusahaan per tahun untuk tiga periode (2007-2009. Berdasarkan hasil pengujian, ditemukan bahwa variabel yang mempunyai pengaruh yang signifikan terhadap pembagian dividen adalah free cash flow, kepemilikan institusional, dan ukuran perusahaan. Jumlah free cash flow perusahaan yang tinggi, persentase kepemilikan institusional yang rendah, dan ukuran perusahaan yang besar akan menghasilkan dividend payout ratio yang tinggi. Variabel kepemilikan keluarga, kepemilikan asing, kebijakan utang, dan kesempatan investasi tidak terbukti mempunyai pengaruh yang signifikan terhadap Dividend Payout Ratio perusahaan.This study aims at testing the effect of free cash flow and ownership structure on the dividend payout ratio of non-financial companies, listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange. Multiple regression was employed to analyze data. The study collected empirical data from the Indonesia Stock Exchange consisting of 70 companies. The data were collected from financial report from three consecutive years (2007-2009. The finding indicates that the variables which have a significant effect on the dividend payout ratio are free cash flow, institutional ownership, and firm size. The high free cash flow,  the low percentage of institutional ownership, and the large size companies will produce high dividends. The variable of family ownership, foreign ownership, debt policy, and investment opportunities do not significantly effect corporate dividend payout ratio.

  7. Analisis Zona Permeabel Fluida Sistem Panas Bumi Gunungapi Slamet Berdasarkan Analisis Kerapatan Kelurusan Citra SRTM Dan Struktur Geologi

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    Sachrul Iswahyudi

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Keberadaan manifestasi panasbumi di sekitar Gunungapi Slamet tidak dapat dipisahkan dari zona-zona permeabilitas yang berkembang. Lokasi-lokasi lulus air tersebut (zona permeabel yang memungkinkan terbentuknya sirkulasi fluida tempat air masuk untuk mengisi reservoir panas bumi dan air keluar ke permukaan bumi sebagai manifesatasi mata air panasbumi di sekitar Gunungapi Slamet. Publikasi yang berupa hasil penelitian ini mencoba mengidentifikasi zona-zona permeabel tersebut berdasarkan anaslisis kerapatan kelurusan yang terekam dalam citra SRTM. Identifikasi kelurusan-kelurusan pada citra berdasarkan komponen-komponen interpretasi citra, yaitu tona, tekstur, pola, bentuk dan relief. Hasil analisis tersebut dikompilasi dengan data struktur geologi regional yang sebelumnya telah diidentifikasi dan data lapangan berupa manifestasi mata air panas. Lokasi-lokasi dengan kerapatan kelurusan yang tinggi pada citra SRTM umumnya bersesuaian dengan zona struktur geologi regional keberadaan manifestasi mata air panas. Daerah tersebut memanjang relatif utara-selatan di bagian barat dan timur-barat di bagian selatan peta. Daerah-daerah inilah yang merupakan daerah lulus air tempat fluida bersirkulasi membentuk sistem panasbumi Gunungapi Slamet.

  8. STRUKTUR MORFOLOGI, KOMPOSISI KIMIA DAN RESISTANSI LAPISAN TIO2-CU SEBAGAI LAPISAN AKTIF PADA SEL SURYA FOTOELEKTROKIMIA

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    Rita Prasetyowati

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Peningkatan efisiensi sel surya titania terus dikembangkan. Salah satunya adalah memodifikasi titania yang berfungsi sebagai lapisan aktif. Lapisan titania dapat disisipi dengan logam Cu. Penyisipan logam Cu pada TiO2 dilakukan melalui pembuatan nanokomposit TiO2-Cu dengan metode sol-gel. Lapisan TiO2-Cu yang terbentuk dikarakterisasi dengan SEM (Scanning Electron Microscopy untuk mengetahui struktur morfologi permukaan, EDX (Energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy untuk mengetahui komposisi bahan. Sedangkan resistansi lapisan diukur menggunakan Jembatan Wheatstone. Berdasarkan hasil SEM dapat ditunjukkan bahwa struktur morfologi permukaan lapisan TiO2-Cu tidak berbeda secara signifikan dengan lapisan TiO2, yaitu cukup homogen dan memiliki ukuran butir (grain yang hampir sama. Tetapi dari hasil EDX diperoleh bahwa lapisan TiO2-Cu yaitu lapisan TiO2 yang disisipi logam tembaga mengandung  unsur Ti sebanyak 59,8%, unsur O sebanyak 40,02% dan unsur Cu sebanyak 0,19%. Sedangkan lapisan TiO2 saja mengandung unsur Ti sebanyak 54,25% dan unsur O sebanyak 45,75%. Penyisipan logam tembaga pada lapisan titania dapat menurunkan resistansi listrik lapisan. Nilai resistansi lapisan TiO2 adalah 7,714 kilo ohm. Sedangkan nilai resistansi lapisan TiO2-Cu adalah 6,624 kilo ohm.

  9. HUBUNGAN PANJANG BOBOT, FAKTOR KONDISI DAN STRUKTUR UKURAN IKAN LEMURU (Sardinella lemuru DI PERAIRAN SELAT BALI

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    Arief Wujdi

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Ikan lemuru merupakan jenis ikan hasil tangkapan utama kegiatan perikanan di perairan Selat Bali yang status pemanfaatannya sudah mengalami lebih tangkap dan memerlukan upaya pengelolaan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan panjang dan bobot, faktor kondisi, serta struktur ukuran ikan lemuru di perairan Selat Bali. Pengumpulan data dilakukan pada bulan Agustus 2010 hingga Desember 2011 dengan metode survei dan pengamatan langsung di lapangan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa hubungan panjang dan bobot ikan lemuru mengikuti persamaan W=0,007FL3,167 dan memiliki pola pertumbuhan allometrik positif (b>3 namun pada setiap bulannya mengalami perubahan pola pertumbuhan. Nilai faktor kondisi relatif berkisar antara 0,95-1,28 dan berfluktuasi setiap bulannya. Hasil ini diduga dipengaruhi oleh ketersediaan makanan. Ikan lemuru berukuran kecil atau “sempenit” (<11 cmFL banyak tertangkap pada bulan Agustus dan September 2010 serta Juli dan November 2011 dan diduga pada waktu tersebut terjadi awal rekruitmen.   Bali sardinella (“lemuru” is mostly caught by fishers in the Bali Strait waters, and its status predicted have overfishing so that it needs to manage this resources. The purpose of this study to investigate the length-weight relationship, the condition factors and size structure of lemuru in the Bali Strait waters. The data was collected through survey and direct observation in the field from August 2010 to December 2011. The result of this study shows that length-weight relationship could be described as W = 0.007 FL3, 167. Nevertheless,  it is change on the growth pattern by monthly. The value of relative condition factors of lemuru were ranging from 0.95 to 1.28 and very fluctuated by monthly. It is predicted that influenced by feed availability in Bali Strait waters. The smaal size of lemuru, namely “sempenit (<11 cmFL are dominantly caught during August to September 2010 and July and November 2011 that indicated

  10. PELAKSANAAN KEWENANGAN KEPALA DAERAH DALAM PENENTUAN MUTASI PEGAWAI NEGERI SIPIL DALAM JABATAN STRUKTURAL

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    Adia Ferizko

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak                   :            Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pelaksanaan kewenangan bupati dalam menentukan mutasi PNS dalam jababtan structural di lingkungan Kabupaten Rokan Hilir . Metode dalam melakukan penelitian ini adalah penelitian hukum empiris . Sebagai data utama adalah data primer , yaitu data yang langsung diperoleh dari sumber dan wawancara dan didukung oleh data sekunder. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode analisis kualitatif . Dalam menarik kesimpulan, penelitian ini menggunakan metode penalaran induktif , berdasarkan contoh khusus untuk mencapai kesimpulan umum tentang sesuatu.  Hasil penelitian ini adalah kewenangan bupati dalam menentukan mutasi PNS dalam jababtan struktural di lingkungan Kabupaten Rokan Hilir .telah dilakukan dengan baik meskipun ada beberapa kasus mutasi tercemar dengan alasan politik atau balas jasa , tapi masih sesuai dengan hukum. Kata Kunci        :    Pelaksanaan kewenangan, penentu mutasi Abstract               :    The aim of this research paper is to find out the regent’s authority implementation in deciding structural-rank civil servant officers mutation in Rokan Hilir regency administration. The method in conducting this research paper is empirical legal research. As the main data is primary data, namely data directly gained from source and interview and supported by secondary data. This research paper uses qualitative analytical method. In drawing conclusion, this research paper uses inductive reasoning method, based on particular examples to reach a general conclusion about something. The result of this research paper is the regent’s authority in deciding structural-rank civil servant officers mutation in Rokan Hilir regency administration has been carried out well although there are some mutation cases tainted with political or logrolling reason, but it’s still in line with the law.  Keyword     

  11. STRUKTUR PUNDEN BERUNDAK GUNUNG PADANG DAN ADAPTASI LINGKUNGAN Structure of Gunung Padang Stone Terrace and Enviromental Adaptation

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    Lutfi Yondri

    2016-06-01

    Abstrak Situs Gunung Padang merupakan hasil temuan kembali pada tahun 1979. Sebelumnya temuan ini pernah dicatat oleh N.J. Krom pada tahun 1914. Sejak penemuan kembali pada tahun 1979, berturut-turut telah dilakukan penelitian oleh tim baik dari Direktorat Purbakala, PUSPAN (saat sekarang bernama Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Arkeologi Nasional, Balai Arkeologi Bandung, Pemerintah Daerah, serta berbagai kelompok masyarakat yang mencoba menggali nilai-nilai lain yang terkandung dalam tinggalan tersebut. Dalam tulisan ini dibahas tentang fisik dan pola susun balok-balok batu penyusun struktur punden berundak dengan menerapkan metode deskriptif. Melalui penerapan metode ini diharapkan dapat diuraikan tentang refleksi adaptasi terhadap kondisi lingkungan dari masyarakat pendukung tradisi budaya pengagungan arwah nenek moyang (megalitik yang terjadi pada masa lalu.   Kata kunci: Gunung Padang, budaya megalitik, konstruksi, pola susun, adaptasi

  12. Analisis Pengaruh Cooling Rate pada Material ASTM A36 Akibat Kebakaran Kapal Terhadap Nilai Kekuatan, Kekerasan dan Struktur Mikronya

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    Stevanus Arie Nugroho

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Pemadaman api pada kasus kebakaran kapal biasanya menggunakan air laut. Proses pemadaman api menyerupai perlakuan panas dengan pendinginan cepat yaitu quenching. Quenching adalah salah satu perlakuan panas pada material dengan pendinginan dalam waktu yang singkat. Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengetahui pengaruh laju pendinginan cepat (quench terhadap nilai kekuatan, kekerasan serta struktur mikro dari material dengan variasi waktu quenching 30, 60 dan 90 menit serta variasi suhu 750oC, 850oC, dan 950oC untuk masing-masing perlakuan quenching. Hasil dari penelitian ini didapat, material dengan perlakuan panas dan tanpa perlakuan panas memiliki nilai kuat tarik, kekerasan dan struktur yang berbeda. Didapatkan nilai kuat tarik berbanding lurus dengan nilai kekerasan namun berbanding terbalik dengan diameter butir. Nilai kuat tarik tertinggi dimiliki oleh pelat dengan perlakuan suhu 850oC dan quenching 30 menit dengan nilai 587.51 MPa sedangkan nilai kuat tarik terendah dimiliki oleh pelat tanpa perlakuan dengan nilai 294.817 MPa. Pelat dengan nilai kekerasan tertinggi dimiliki oleh pelat dengan perlakuan suhu 950oC dan quenching 30 menit dengan nilai kekerasan 167.07HV dan nilai kekerasan terendah dimiliki oleh pelat tanpa perlakuan dengan nilai 108.17HV. Pelat tanpa perlakuan memiliki diameter butir terbesar yaitu 85.99 μm dan pelat dengan perlakuan suhu 950oC dan quenching 30 menit memiliki diameter besar butir 44.83 μm. Tingginya kuat tarik pelat dengan perlakuan suhu 850oC juga disebabkan karena jumlah persentase Pearlite yang tinggi sebesar 64.56%.

  13. Kendala Struktural dan Kultural Praktek Keterbukaan Informasi Publik di Badan Publik Non-Pemerintah : Studi Kasus PSSI

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    Narayana Mahendra Prastya

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available This article discuss about case study on how Indonesian Football Association (Indonesian FA give their respond to do the Public Information Disclosure. Indonesian FA than express their objection to the demand. Indonesian FA choose as the object in this case, as a representative of non-governmental public organization. This article use Indonesian FA statement related to the Public Information Disclosure, that posted on official website www.pssi.org. Then I use frame analysis Robert N.Entman model as a analytical tool to the statement. The results show that there are two factors that cause Indonesian FA objection. First is structural factor that came from the Indonesian Public Disclosure Act and Act related to the management of football federation. The second is cultural factor that non-governmental public organization in Indonesia, in general, not accustomed to public disclosure obligation. Tulisan ini mengambil studi kasus bagaimana Persatuan Sepakbola Seluruh Indonesia merespon tuntutan untuk Keterbukaan Informasi Publik. Keputusan Komisi Informasi Pusat (KI Pusat bahwa PSSI harus menerapkan praktek Keterbukaan Informasi Publik mendapatkan keberatan dari pihak PSSI. Permasalahan pun berbuntut panjang hingga sampai di persidangan tingkat Mahkamah Agung. PSSI dipilih sebagai objek penelitian guna mengkaji bagaimana badan publik non-pemerintah memahami Keterbkaan Informasi Publik. Data dalam tulisan ini menggunakan pernyataan-pernyataan yang disampaikan PSSI melalui website www.pssi.org berkaitan dengan keputusan KI Pusat. Pernyataan tersebut kemudian dianalisis menggunakan framing model Robert N.Entman. Analisis menunjukkan terdapat kendala struktural dan kultural. Faktor struktural datang dari peraturan yang berkaitan dengan PSSI dan peraturan di UU KIP itu sendiri. Sedangkan faktor kultural berkaitan dengan kondisi badan publik non-pemerintah yang tidak terbiasa menghadapi tuntutan keterbukaan informasi.

  14. PENGARUH STRUKTUR MODAL DAN VOLUME PENJUALAN TERHADAP PROFITABILITAS PADA PRIMER KOPERASI PURNAWIRAWAN ANGKATAN BERSENJATA REPUBLIK INDONESIA (PRIMKOPPABRI DI KABUPATEN KENDAL PERIODE 2010-2012

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    Masumi Ananingati Rahayu

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui dan menganalisis pengaruh secara parsial maupun simultan struktur modal dan volume penjualan terhadap profitabilitas pada Primer Koperasi Purnawirawan Angkatan Bersenjata Republik Indonesia(PRIMKOPPABRI di Kabupaten Kendal. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kuantitatif dan jenis penelitian deskriptif dengan menggunakan motede statistik dan bersifat kausalitas yang mengacu pada laporan keuangan (neraca dan rugi laba dalam bentuk bulanan periode Januari sampai Desember selama tahun 2010-2012. Berdasarkan hasil uji secara parsial untuk struktur modal dan volume penjualan terhadap profitabilitas berpengaruh secara signifikan dengan kontribusi sebesar 14,5% untuk struktur modal sedangkan volume penjualan sebesar 7,07%. Secara simultan ada pengaruh yang signifikan antara struktur modal dan volume penjualan terhadap profitabilitas pada PRIMKOPPABRI Kab.Kendal dengan kontribusi sebesar 18,5%. Dari hasil perhitungan diperoleh persamaan regresi berganda sebagai berikut: Y= -0,005 + 0,029 X1+ 0,019 X 2 + e. The purpose of this study is to investigate and analyze the effect of partially and simultaneously the capital structure on profitability and sales volume in the Primary Cooperative Retired Armed Forces of the Republic of Indonesia (PRIMKOPPABRI in Kendal. This study used a quantitative approach and descriptive research using statistical motede and causality are referring to the financial statements (balance sheet and income statement in the form of a monthly period of January to December during the years 2010-2012. Based on the test results for the partial capital structure on profitability and sales volume of significant influence with a contribution of 14,5 % to the capital structure while sales volume amounted to 7,07%. Simultaneously there is a significant influence of capital structure on profitability and sales volume in PRIMKOPPABRI Kab.Kendal with a contribution of 18,5 %. From the calculations

  15. PENGARUH LEVEL OF ASSURANCE, REPUTASI KANTOR AKUNTAN PUBLIK, STRUKTUR MODAL CALON DEBITUR, DAN UKURAN BANK TERHADAP KEPUTUSAN PEMBERIAN KREDIT BANK DI INDONESIA

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    Elisa Tjondro

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available This research intends to know the influence of the level of assurance, CPA firm's reputation, aspirant debitor's capital structure and bank size on bank loan decisions. The applied regression technique used to solve this problem are Chi-square test, Friedman test and Regression with the help of software SPSS 10th version. This research's results proved that the aspirant debitor's capital structure and bank size have influence on bank lending decisions, while level of assurance and CPA firm's reputation proved of no influence on bank lending decisions. From these two variables, aspirant debitor's capital structure has the highest impact on bank loan decisions in Indonesia. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui apakah level of assurance, reputasi kantor akuntan publik, struktur modal calon debitur, dan ukuran bank mempengaruhi keputusan pemberian kredit oleh bank. Teknik analisis yang digunakan untuk memecahkan masalah tersebut adalah Chi-square test, Friedman test, dan Regresi dengan memakai alat bantu software SPSS versi 10.0. Penelitian ini membuktikan bahwa struktur modal calon debitur dan ukuran bank berpengaruh terhadap keputusan pemberian kredit bank, sedangkan variabel level of assurance dan reputasi kantor akuntan publik terbukti tidak mempengaruhi keputusan pemberian kredit bank. Dari kedua variabel tersebut, struktur modal adalah variabel yang memiliki tingkat pengaruh paling tinggi terhadap keputusan pemberian kredit bank di Indonesia. Kata kunci: level of assurance, keputusan pemberian kredit bank.

  16. PENGEMBANGAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN MODIFIED STUDENT TEAMS ACHIEVEMENT DIVISION (MSTAD DALAM MENINGKATKAN HASIL BELAJAR SISWA PADA PEMBELAJARAN STRUKTUR ALJABAR

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    Kartika Sari

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The application of Students Team Achievement Division (STAD model in learning algebra structure indicated that the model is slow on detecting an error in understanding the material and it also need more time to completely delivered all of the course’s material. Therefore, in this study STAD was modified into Modified Students Teams Achievement Division (MSTAD. MSTAD development was carried out through three stages: developing new ideas based on previous research, developing results, and conducting trials. Trials  were performed  on  students taking  Algebra Structure 1  course in  2013/2014  and  2014/2015 academic year in one of the universities in Bali. Results showed that error in understanding the material was detected early, and every material was delivered on time. Statistical analysis also showed that class where MSTAD was applied achieve significantly better learning outcomes compared to STAD class and conventional class for 2013/2014 academic year (t= -9,339 < t0,05(41 = -2,702 as well as 2014/2015 academic year (Z0,5(1-0,01=0,4950 = 2,57.   ABSTRAK Penerapan   model   Student Team Achievement Division (STAD dalam pembelajaran Struktur Aljabar menunjukkan bahwa kesalahan dalam memahami materi lambat terdeteksi dan perlu tambahan waktu untuk menyelesaikan semua materi. Oleh karena itu, dalam penelitian ini dikembangkan modifikasi model STAD yaitu model pembelajaran Modified Student Teams Achievement Division (MSTAD.Pengembangan dilakukan melalui tiga tahap yaitu mengembangkan ide baru berdasarkan penelitian sebelumnya, mengem- bangkan hasil, dan melaksanakan uji coba. Uji coba dilakukan pada mahasiswa yang mengambil mata kuliah Struktur Aljabar 1 pada Tahun Ajaran 2013/2014 dan 2014/2015 di Jurusan Matematika salah satu Universitas di Bali. Hasil ujicoba menunjukkan bahwa kesalahan dalam memahami materi dapat terdeteksi lebih awal dan materi juga dapat diselesaikan tepat waktu. Hasil analisis statistik juga menunjukkan

  17. Levels of Tritium in a Variety of New Zealand Waters and Some Tentative Conclusions from these Results; Concentration du tritium dans diverses eaux de Nouvelle-Zelande et conclusions provioires tirees des resultats obtenus; Urovni tritiya v razlichnykh vodakh novoj Zelandii i predvaritel'noe zaklyuchenie po etim rezul'tatam; Concentraciones de tritio en diferentes aguas de Nueva Zelandia y conclusiones provisionales basadas en los resultados obtenidos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bainbridge, A E; O' Brien, B J [Institute of Nuclear Sciences, Gracefield (New Zealand)

    1962-01-15

    grifo en el Instituto de Ciencias Nucleares, a fin de calcular el tiempo de permanencia de las aguas en el deposito artesiano del Valle de Hutt. Se expone un numero limitado de resultados de las mediciones de tritio en nieves alpinas y en aguas de pozo geotermicas, aguas oceanicas y aguas de lluvia caidas sobre Wellington. (author) [Russian] Bol'shoe kolichestvo razlichnykh prob prirodnykh vod bylo otobrano dlya izucheniya s tsel'yu opredelit' izbytok tritiya. Seriya izmerenij tritiya v vodakh Akataravy bliz Vellingtona s aprelya 1956 po dekabr' 1960 goda pokazali nalichie v dozhdevykh vodakh, vypadayushchikh v Novoj Zelandii, tritiya, voznikshego v rezul'tate ispytaniya atomnykh bomb. Sravnenie ehtogo urovnya soderzhaniya tritiya s izmereniyami, proizvedennymi s vodoprovodnoj vodoj v Institute yadernykh issledovanij, bylo ispol'zovano dlya opredeleniya vremeni khraneniya vody v artezianskom bassejne KHut-Vallej. Budet predstavleno nekotoroe chislo rezul'tatov izmerenij tritiya v podzemnykh vodakh, v okeane, v dozhdevykh vodakh Vellingtona i v al'pijskikh snegakh. (author)

  18. RANCANG BANGUN GAME ALGORITMA DAN STRUKTUR DATA BERBASIS ROLE PLAYING GAME (RPG SEBAGAI MEDIA PEMBELAJARAN MAHASISWA TEKNIK INFORMATIKA UNIVERSITAS MUHAMMADIYAH SIDOARJO

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    Cindy Taurusta

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Berdasarkan hasil survey yang dilakukan peneliti pada Mahasiswa/i Teknik Informatika semester 5 sebanyak 41.9% dan semester 7 sebanyak 24.2%, diperoleh hasil bahwa dari beberapa pelajaran pemrograman dasar di Jurusan Teknik Informatika, mata kuliah Algortima dan Struktur Data lah yang memiliki prosentasi tingkat kepahaman paling rendah yaitu 11.5% dan tingkat kesukaan/minat hanya 8.2%. Maka dari itu peneliti membuat Rancang Bangun Game Algoritma dan Struktur Data Berbasis Role Playing Game (RPG Sebagai Media Pembelajaran Mahasiswa Teknik Informatika Universitas Muhammadiyah Sidoarjo. mayoritas mahasiswa lebih suka bermain game sambil mengungkapkan misi yaitu sebesar 85,7%. Dan didapat bahwa sebesar 61,9% koresponden mengatakan bahwa game Algoritma dan Struktru Data “Fun with ALGOS” ini sudah dapat dikatakan sangat efektif, bagus, dan menyenangkan. Sedangkan hasil apakah game ini perlu diterapkan dalam metode pengajaran Algoritma dan Struktur Data, didapat sebesar 66,7% mahasiswa mendukung metode ini diterapkan di seluruh Universitas. Sedangkan dari sisi Ahli Materi, sebesar 100% mengatakan bahwa perlu ada metode pengajaran baru. Dan ketika peneliti menanyakan apakah metode pembelajaran baru itu berupa game, maka kedua ahli meteri tersebut juga seluruhnya yaitu 100% mengatakan setuju, karena memberikan warna baru dalam dunia pengajaran. Namun untuk materinya sendiri masih kurang sesuai penyampaiaan dalam setiap misinya, maka perlu ditingkatkan kepahaman materi dengan misi yang harus diselesaikan pemain. Dari segi ahli media sendiri mengatakan bahwa sebesar 100% mengatakan bahwa game ini menarik untuk dimainkan begitupun dari segi storyboard-nya. Namun dari segi grafisnya seluruh ahli media yaitu 100% mengatakan cukup menarik dan dari segi karakternya masih kurang dan monoton. Sedangkan dari segi ketertarikan seluruh aspek koresponden mulai dari mahasiswa, ahli materi, dan ahli media terdapat rata – rata 3.67 (sangat baik yang membuktikan

  19. STRUKTUR KOMUNITAS DAN RELUNG MAKANAN IKAN PASCA INTRODUKSI IKAN PATIN SIAM (Pangasianodon hypophthalmus DI WADUK MALAHAYU, KABUPATEN BREBES

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    Kunto Purnomo

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Studi tentang struktur komunitas ikan dan pembagian sumber daya pakan ikan pasca introduksi ikan patin siam (Pangasianodon hypophthalmus di Waduk Malahayu (620 ha dilakukan dengan tujuan untuk mengetahui komposisi jenis ikan, preferensi makanan, dan luas relung tiap jenis ikan. Penelitian dilaksanakan dengan menggunakan metode survei pada bulan Agustus sampai Nopember 2009 dan bulan Maret sampai Oktober 2010. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa struktur komunitas ikan terdiri atas 13 jenis ikan, yang didominansi oleh ikan nila (Oreochromis niloticus, udang (Macrobrachium sp., dan gabus (Channa striata. Jenis-jenis sumber daya pakan yang dimanfaatkan oleh ikan adalah fitoplankton (20%, detritus (19%, zooplankton (17%, insekta (11%, tumbuhan air (9%, ikan (9%, udang (9%, dan moluska (6%. Ikan patin siam, mujair (Oreochromis mossambicus, dan beunteur (Puntius binotatus bersifat generalis karena mampu memanfaatkan semua sumber daya pakan alami yang tersedia. Ikan sili (Macrognathus aculeatus dan keting (Mystus nigriceps lebih bersifat spesialis karena hanya memanfaatkan insekta sebagai makanan utamanya. Peluang kompetisi antara ikan patin siam (diintroduksikan tahun 2009 dan ikan nila relatif kecil sebab sumber daya pakan utamanya berbeda, yaitu ikan patin siam memanfaatkan moluska sebagai makanan utamanya sedangkan ikan nila sebagian memanfaatkan fitoplankton. Hasil tangkapan ikan di waduk ini berkisar antara 34,3-1.323,1 ton/tahun dengan rata-rata 157,3 ton/tahun.   Malahayu Reservoir located in Brebes Regency, was impounded in 1930, with a surface area of 620 hectares, a mean water depth of 8 m. Its main function are flood control and irrigation. Study on fish community structure and food resource partitioning of fishes in Malahayu Reservoir were conducted from August to November 2009 and March to October 2010. The aim of the study was to evaluate the existing condition of fish resources, with emphasis on species composition, food preferency, and

  20. KEBIJAKAN POLITIK DAN EKONOMI PEMERINTAH KOLONIAL BELANDA YANG BERPENGARUH PADA MORPOLOGI BENTUK DAN STRUKTUR BEBERAPA KOTA DI JAWA

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    Handinoto Handinoto

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Political, economic and security situation after the end of War of Java (1825 - 1830 greatly influenced the morphology (shape and structure of towns in Java. The overruling power, which grew stronger and stronger on the remote towns after the war, had caused the colonial government to appoint Bandung with a garrison in Cimahi as the 'garrison town' for the hinterland of West Java, Magelang for Central Java, and Malang for East Java. Economically, the political decision to run 'Cultuurstelsel' (Enforced Cultivation, 1830 - 1870, and the published 'Law of Land Ownership' (1870 had caused the occurrence of 'central cities of production, distribution and trade' in several regions in Java. Besides this, the increase of prosperity level due to economic development especially at the beginning of the 20th century has created resort towns in the mountainous areas in West Java, Central Java and East Java. Traces of the formation process of these towns are still visible up to now. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Situasi politik, ekonomi dan keamanan sesudah selesainya Perang Jawa (1825-1830 , berpengaruh sangat besar terhadap morpologi (bentuk dan struktur kota-kota di P. Jawa. Cengkeraman kekuasaan yang makin kuat terhadap kota-kota pedalaman sesudah Perang Jawa mengakibatkan pemerintah kolonial menentukan kota Bandung dengan garnizun di Cimahi sebagai 'kota garnizun' untuk pedalaman Jawa Barat, Magelang untuk pedalaman Jawa Tengah dan Malang untuk pedalaman Jawa Timur. Sedangkan dalam bidang ekonomi keputusan politik untuk menjalankan sistim Tanam Paksa (Cultuurstelsel, th. 1830-1870, serta dikeluarkannya 'undang-undang agraria' (th.1870 mengakibatkan timbulnya 'kota sentra produksi, distribusi dan perdagangan' di berbagai tempat di Jawa. Sedangkan naiknya tingkat kemakmuran akibat kemajuan ekonomi terutama pada awal abad ke 20, mengakibatkan timbulnya 'kota peristirahatan' di daerah pegunungan di Jawa Barat, Jawa Tengah maupun Jawa Timur. Jejak

  1. OPTIMASI FORMULA DAN STRUKTUR MIKROSKOPIK PASTA BEBAS GLUTEN BERBAHAN DASAR PUREE UBI JALAR UNGU DAN TEPUNG KACANG HIJAU

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    Ira Mulyawanti

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to optimize gluten free pasta formula made from purple sweet potato puree and mung bean flour. Aplication of a mixture design allowed to find the optimal composition to achieve the desirable characteristic. The results showed that the optimal formula was mixture of 45.25% purple sweet potato puree and 51.75% mung bean flour. The characteristics of the chosen formula were springiness of 2.29 mm, 0.38 cohesiveness, cooking loss 17.62%,333.48 ͼHue, Ie   20.59%, and 42.42 mg/L anthocyanin content. Microscopic structure showed that cooked pasta with purple sweet potato puree composition below 50% in the formula had a solid texture appearance.   Keywords: Pasta, purple sweet potatoes, gluten free food, formulation optimization   ABSTRAK Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengoptimasi formula pasta bebas gluten berbahan dasar puree ubi jalar ungu dan tepung kacang hijau. Aplikasi mixture design dalam optimasi formula dapat menghasilkan formula yang optimal dengan karakteristik produk sesuai dengan yang diinginkan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa komposisi optimal puree ubi jalar ungu dengan tepung kacang hijau dalam formula adalah 45,25% puree ubi jalar ungu dan 51,75% tepung kacang hijau. Pada komposisi tersebut dihasilkan pasta ubi jalar ungu dengan karakteristik yaitu kekenyalan 2,29 mm, cohesiveness 0,38, KKP 17,62%, warna 333,48, Ie   20,59%, dan kandungan antosianin 42,42 mg/L. Dari segi mikroskopik, pasta ubi jalar ungu matang dengan rasio puree ubi jalar ungu dengan formula di bawah 50% sudah menunjukkan adanya struktur yang kompak. Kata kunci: Pasta, ubi jalar ungu, pangan bebas gluten, optimasi formula

  2. ANALISIS STRUKTUR PERILAKU DAN KINERJA PASAR (STRUCTURE, CONDUCT AND MARKET PERFORMAN KOMODITI PADI DI DESA BUNGA RAYA DAN DESA KEMUNING MUDA KECAMATAN BUNGA RAYA KABUPATEN SIAK

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    NOVIA DEWI

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis struktur, perilaku, dan kinerja pemasaran beras di Kabupaten Bunga Raya. Lokasi penelitian ditentukan dengan menggunakan metode purpossive sampling yaitu dua desa menjadi sentra produksi padi. Responden penelitian adalah petani padi dan semua agensi pemasaran yang terlibat dalam pemasaran beras dari petani sebagai produsen ke pedagang besar sebagai konsumen. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan ada tiga saluran pemasaran beras yaitu saluran pemasaran I petani menjual kepada pedagang pengumpul dan kemudian dijual ke pedagang besar, saluran pemasaran II petani menjual ke pedagang pengumul yang memiliki penggilingan padi kemudian dijual ke pedagang grosir dan saluran pemasaran III yaitu petani menjual langsung ke pedagang grosir. Struktur pasar beras adalah pasar oligopsoni karena dilihat dari jumlah pembeli yang relatif sangat sedikit, kemudian dilihat dari nilai market share, rasio konsentrasi dan indeks Herfindahl dari pedagang manapun menunjukkan nilai yang tidak terlalu berbeda. Petani sebagai produsen adalah penerima harga (price taker, dimana petani sebagai produsen mendapatkan perubahan nilai harga lebih kecil dibandingkan dengan pedagang grosir sebagai konsumen. Margin pemasaran terlihat dari setiap saluran pemasaran yang terjadi menunjukkan bahwa margin dan keuntungan paling banyak didapat oleh pedagang yang melakukan lebih banyak fungsi pemasaran.

  3. ANALISIS VEGETASI DAN VISUALISASI STRUKTUR VEGETASI HUTAN KOTA BARUGA, KOTA KENDARI Vegetation Analysis and Visualization of vegetation Structure Baruga Urban Forest, Kendari City

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    Zulkarnain Zulkarnain

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui komposisi, struktur dan tingkat keragaman vegetasi di Hutan Kota Baruga, Kota Kendari. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan menggunakan metode sensus. Data dianalisis untuk memperoleh Indeks Nilai Penting (INP dan Index Keanekaragaman Shannon-Wiener (H'. Software Sexi-FS digunakan untuk mendapatkan visualisasi distribusi vegetasi dan stratifikasi lapisan tajuk yang menyerupai kondisi lapangan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa komposisi vegetasi disusun oleh 76 spesies yang terkelompok dalam 29 famili dengan jumlah total 8.296 individu untuk semua spesies. Alstonia macrophylla, Gironniera subaequalis dan Nephelium lappaceum adalah spesies yang mendominasi komunitas vegetasi. Distribusi vegetasi menunjukkan pola distribusi mengelompok, dengan stratifikasi terdiri 4 lapisan tajuk, yang menunjukkan bahwa lokasi-studi disusun oleh lapisan tajuk yang relatif lengkap. Indeks keragaman tergolong tinggi, dengan nilai lebih dari 3 pada tingkat pertumbuhan pohon, tiang dan pancang, kecuali pada tingkat semai dengan H'= 2,89. Hasil ini menunjukkan bahwa ketahanan ekosistem hutan cukup baik. Kata Kunci : Komposisi vegetasi, Keanekaragaman, Struktur vegetasi, Hutan Kota.

  4. Pengaruh Struktur Kepemilikan Saham Leverage Faktor Intern Dan Faktor Ekstern Terhadap Nilai Perusahaan (Studi empirik pada perusahaan manufaktur dan non manufaktur di Bursa Efek Jakarta

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    Sujoko

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The main objective of the study is to examine the impact of ownership structure%2C leverage%2C external factor%2C internal factor on the value of the firms in Jakarta Stock Exchange. It is argued that unlike the agency problem advanced stock market%2C the agency problem in the Jakarta Stock Exchange is the divergence of interest between the minority holders and majority holders. This is because the Jakarta Stock Exchange is characterized%2C among other things%2C by the domination of large shareholders. It is hypotheses that :(1 there are the impact ownership structure %2C external factor%2C internal factor%2C on leverage%2C (2 there are the impact of ownership structure %2C external factor%2C internal factor%2C leverage on value of the firm . This study is to examine Agency Theory%2C Jensen and Meckling (1976%2C Pecking Order Theory%2C Myers (1984%2C Trade Off Model and Signaling Theory (1979. Population in this study are public company listed in Jakarta Stock Exchange during 2000 – 2004. As much as 134 firms listed in Jakarta Stock Exchange were taken as a sample using a purposive sampling method.The data were then analyzed by the structural equation modeling ( SEM analysis%2C using the AMOS Program version 4.01.The results of this study show that (1 there are the impact of ownership structure %2C external factor%2C internal factor on leverage%2C(2there are the impact of ownership structure%2C external factor%2C internal factor%2C leverage%2C on valueof the firm . The result of the study is not support the Agency Theory%2C Jensen and Meckling (1976%2C but the result of the study is support Pecking Order Theory%2C Myers (1984%2C Trade off model and Signaling Theory%2C Battacharya (1979. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Tujuan utama dari studi ini adalah untuk menguji pengaruh struktur kepemilikan%2C leverage%2C faktor ekstern%2C dan faktor intern terhadap nilai perusahaan di Bursa Efek Jakarta. Tidak seperti pada permasalahan keagenan di pasar

  5. ANALISIS ANOMALI GRAVITASI SEBAGAI ACUAN DALAM PENENTUAN STRUKTUR GEOLOGI BAWAH PERMUKAAN DAN POTENSI GEOTHERMAL (Studi Kasus Di Daerah Songgoriti Kota Batu

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    Nurul Hidayat, Abdul Basid

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Telah dilakukan penelitian dengan metode gravitasi pada tanggal 26 - 27 April 2011 di daerah Songgoriti Kota Batu dengan tujuan untuk mengetahui pola anomali Bouguer dan struktur geologi bawah permukaan serta potensi panasbumi di daerah tersebut. Berdasarkan interpretasi kualitatif pada kontur anomali Bouguer  lengkap didapatkan variasi nilai anomali Bouguer antara  47,3 - 67,4 mGal dengan nilai anomali tinggi terdapat pada arah tenggara penelitian dan nilai anomali sedang pada arah tenggara-selatan dan timur laut daerah penelitian. Hampir 75% daerah penelitian didominasi oleh nilai anomali Bouguer rendah. Hasil interpretasi kuantitatif pada model penampang 2D lintasan AB dan CD, didapatkan tujuh lapisan batuan di bawah permukaan yaitu lapisan lapuk, tufa pasiran, anglomerat, lempung pasir, breksi tufaan terlempungkan, lava, dan breksi Vulkanik. Berdasarkan interpretasi kualitatif dan kuantitatif serta penelitian sebelumya dapat disimpulkan bahwa potensi geothermal di daerah penelitian sangat kecil.

  6. PEMODELAN KONDUKTIVITAS ION DALAM STRUKTUR Li2Sc3(PO43 (Modeling Ionic Conductivity in Li2Sc3(PO43 Structure

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    Akram La Kilo

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Fasa Li2Sc3(PO43 merupakan material konduktor superionik yang dapat diaplikasikan sebagai baterai yang dapat diisi ulang (rechargeable. Ion Li+ dalam struktur Li2Sc3(PO4 dapat mengalami migrasi dari posisi terisi ke posisi kosong. Penelitian ini telah memodelkan migrasi ion Li+ dalam struktur Li2Sc3(PO4 dengan menggunakan metode bond valence sum (BVS. Metode ini dapat memprediksi bilangan oksidasi suatu atom berdasarkan jarak dengan atom-atom tetangga. Source code berbasis BVS yang digunakan adalah JUMPITER yang mensimulasi efek gaya listrik eksternal yang bertindak pada ion litium sehingga nilai BVS litium dapat dipetakan terhadap jarak. Hasil simulasi menunjukkan bahwa konduksi ion Li+ dapat terjadi pada arah [010], [101], dan [120]. Namun, lintasan konduksi ion Li+ lebih mudah terjadi pada arah [120] atau bidang ab dengan nilai maksimum BVS adalah 0,982. ABSTRACT g-phase of Li2Sc3(PO43 is a lithium super ionic conductor which can be applied as a rechargeable lithium battery. Lithium ions of g-Li2Sc3(PO43 can migrate from occupied site to vacant site. In this research, simulation of Li+ ions migration in the structure of g-Li2Sc3(PO43 carried out using bond valence sum (BVS to predict the oxidation state of Li+ion based on the distance of the ion to neighboring atoms. BVS-based code used JUMPITER to simulate the effect of external electrical force acting on the lithium ions to produce the lithium BVS value which can be mapped to the distance. The simulation results shows that Li+ ion conduction can be occurred on [010], [101], and [120] directions. However, the Li ion conduction pathway occur more easily in the direction of [120] or ab plane with the BVS maximum value is 0.982.

  7. STRUKTUR DAN PROSES MEMORI

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    Magda Bhinnety

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes structures and processes of human memory system according to the modal model. Sensory memory is described as the first system to store information from outside world. Short‐term memory, or now called working memory, represents a system characterized by limited ability in storing as well as retrieving information. Long‐term memory on the hand stores information larger in amount and longer than short‐term memory

  8. Hypertextsorten : Definition, Struktur, Klassifikation

    OpenAIRE

    Rehm, Georg

    2005-01-01

    Suchmaschinen im WWW indexieren und durchsuchen Dokumente in großer Geschwindigkeit. Trotz der quantitativ beeindruckenden Ergebnisse lässt die Qualität der Treffer jedoch oft zu wünschen übrig. Die vorliegende Arbeit zielt darauf ab, die theoretischen und praktischen Grundlagen für strukturelle Verbesserungen der Funktionsweise von Suchmaschinen zu liefern. Der Schlüssel hierfür liegt in der maschinellen Identifikation von Hypertextsorten. Dieser Begriff bezeichnet den generellen Typ e...

  9. STRUKTUR DAN PROSES MEMORI

    OpenAIRE

    Bhinnety, Magda

    2015-01-01

    This paper describes structures and processes of human memory system according to the modal model. Sensory memory is described as the first system to store information from outside world. Short‐term memory, or now called working memory, represents a system characterized by limited ability in storing as well as retrieving information. Long‐term memory on the hand stores information larger in amount and longer than short‐term memory

  10. MODEL PEMBANGUNAN DAERAH BERKELANJUTAN MELALUI TRANSFORMASI STRUKTUR BKONOMI BERBASIS SUMBERDAYA PERTAMBANGAN KE SUMBERDAYA LOKAL TERBARUKAN (Sustainable Local Development Model by means Economic Structure Transformation from Mine Resources Basis

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    Lukman Malanuang

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Sektor pertambangan tembaga dan emas yang dioperasikan oleh PT. Newmont Nusa Tenggara di Sumbawa Barat sangat dominan terhadap struktur perekonomian kabupaten tersebut sejak 2000-2006 dengan rata-rata 94,00 % dalam PDRB. Terkait dengan sifat sumberdaya mineral yang tidak terbarukan, deposit rnineral yang terbatas dan masa produksi pertambangan yang relatif pendek maka ketergantungan terhadap satu sektor (pertambangan dalam jangka menengah dan panjang akan berpengamh signifikan bagi pembangunan wilayah Sumbawa Barat. Untuk itu perlu solusi mengurangi ketergantungan terhadap tambang dengan melakukan transformasi struktur ekonomi dengan membangun rantai pohon industri pertanian lokal yang merupakan sumberdaya terbarukan dan ekowisata. Selain itu semakin berkurang dan habisnya pertambangan pada masa mendatang akan sangat beresiko terhadap kinerja pembangunan. Peran pemerintah daerah dalam mengalokasikan anggaran dengan tepat dan kerjasama antar daerah dalam memperbaiki dan mempertahankan kinerja pembangunan sangat penting dilakukan. Hasil analisis isi (content analysis peraturan perundangan sektor pertambangan belum mengarah pada tercapainya tujuan pembangunan berkelanjutan.   ABSTRACT Copper and Gold mine sector that operated by PT. Newmont Nusa Tenggara in West Sumbawa has dominated the regency economic structure since 2000-2006 with average share for Product Domestic Regional Bruto is 94,00 %. Regarding to mineral resources characteristic such as unrenewable, limited mineral deposit and relative short of long life project therfore dependency only on one sector (mining for long and medium terms will have significant effect on the development of West Sumbawa. Therefore, it‘s need a solution to reduce the dependency on the mine sector to tranform economic structure by means stablished local agro-industrial tree chain that characterized by renewable resources and ecotourism. In other hand, more reduction and exhaustment of mine production

  11. PENGARUH VARIASI PUTARAN CETAKAN, INOKULAN TI-B PADA CENTRIFUGAL CASTING TERHADAP SIFAT MEKANIK DAN STRUKTUR MIKRO PADUAN ALUMINIUM A356.0

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    Eko Nugroho

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Paduan alumunium  A-356.0 merupakan  salah satu bahan material yang cocok untuk bahan baku pembuatan velg racing (cast wheel mobil maupun sepeda motor. Karena memiliki beberapa kelebihan seperti: ringan, tahan korosi dan warnanya menarik, namun memiliki kekurangnan yaitu sifat mekanisnya belum memenuhi syarat. proses pembuatannya  menggunakan proses Vertical Centrifugal Casting (VCC dengan penambahan inokulan Al-Ti-B sebagai unsur penghalus butir, inokulan Al-Ti-B akan dicampurkan kedalam 8 kg cairan aluminium dengan komposisi variasi campuran 0, 6, 9, dan 12 gram untuk selanjutnya dituangkan ke dalam cetakan dengan 2 variasi putaran yaitu 450 dan 850 rpm. Selanjutnya hasil dari pengecoran centrifugal casting diuji secara mekanis menggunakan pengujian standar yaitu; uji kekerasan, uji tarik dan struktur mikro nya mengunakan standar ASTM. Hasil pengujian di peroleh nilai kekerasan dan kekuatan tarik  yang paling tinggi pada spesimen A3 dan B3 yaitu 64.73 BHN dan 67.81 BHN, 182.18 Mpa  dan 188.28 Mpa. Titanium  yang  dikombinasikan  dengan  Boron  atau  Carbon  merupakan  unsur  paduan Al-Si  yang  berfungsi  untuk  menghaluskan butiran  (grain  refiner Hal  inilah  yang mempengaruhi  adanya  perubahan  sifat mekanik  dan  struktur  mikro  tersebut.  Dengan semakin  halus  butiran,  maka  penjalaran dislokasinya  akan  semakin  sulit,  sehingga mempunyai ketahanan yang lebih besar, karena diperlukan  energi  yang  lebih  besar  untuk merusak  butiran  yang  halus  tersebut. adanya gaya sentrifugal (CF selama proses penuangan kedalam cetakan. Logam cair akan dilempar oleh gaya sentrifugal sehingga menimbulkan tekanan pada setiap layer, hal ini juga menjelaskan bahwa .produk yang dibuat dengan menggunakan metode ini bebas cacat porosity, sisi terluar dari produk sentrifugal akan memiliki nilai kekerasan yang tinggi dibandingkan dengan sisi tengah produk, sifat mekanisnya juga akan memiliki nilai yang

  12. PENGARUH VARIASI PUTARAN CETAKAN DAN PENAMBAHAN INOKULAN Ti-B PADA CENTRIFUGAL CASTING TERHADAP SIFAT MEKANIK DAN STRUKTUR MIKRO PADUAN ALUMINIUM A356.0

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    Eko Nugroho

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Perkembangan industri pengecoran global hingga lokal sampai saat ini tumbuh dengan sangat pesat. Salah satu produk yang banyak dicari konsumen adalah velg, part pada roda sepeda motor. Tetapi sayangnya velg lokal sering dikeluhkan memiliki kualitas lebih rendah dari pabrikan. Paduan alumunium  A-356.0 merupakan  salah satu bahan material yang cocok untuk bahan baku pembuatan velg racing (cast wheel mobil maupun sepeda motor. Karena memiliki beberapa kelebihan seperti: ringan, tahan korosi dan warnanya menarik, namun memiliki kekurangnan yaitu sifat mekanisnya belum memenuhi syarat. proses pembuatannya  menggunakan proses Vertical Centrifugal Casting (VCC dengan penambahan inokulan Al-Ti-B sebagai unsur penghalus butir, inokulan Al-Ti-B akan dicampurkan kedalam 8 kg cairan aluminium dengan komposisi variasi campuran 0, 6, 9, dan 12 gram untuk selanjutnya dituangkan ke dalam cetakan dengan 2 variasi putaran yaitu 450 dan 850 rpm. Selanjutnya hasil dari pengecoran centrifugal casting diuji secara mekanis menggunakan pengujian standar yaitu; uji kekerasan, uji tarik dan struktur mikro nya mengunakan standar ASTM. Hasil pengujian di proleh nilai kekerasan dan kekuatan tarik  yang paling tinggi pada spesimen A3 dan B3 yaitu 64.73 BHN dan 67.81 BHN, 182.18 Mpa  dan 188.28 Mpa. Titanium  yang  dikombinasikan  dengan  Boron  atau  Carbon  merupakan  unsur  paduan Al-Si  yang  berfungsi  untuk  menghaluskan butiran  (grain  refiner Hal  inilah  yang mempengaruhi  adanya  perubahan  sifat mekanik  dan  struktur  mikro  tersebut.  Dengan semakin  halus  butiran,  maka  penjalaran dislokasinya  akan  semakin  sulit,  sehingga mempunyai ketahanan yang lebih besar, karena diperlukan  energi  yang  lebih  besar  untuk merusak  butiran  yang  halus  tersebut. adanya gaya sentrifugal (CF selama proses penuangan kedalam cetakan. Logam cair akan dilempar oleh gaya sentrifugal sehingga menimbulkan tekanan pada setiap

  13. Pengaruh Temperatur, Massa Zink, Substrat Dan Waktu Tahan Terhadap Struktur Dan Morfologi Zno Hasil Sintesis Dengan Metode Chemical Vapour Transport (CVT

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    Arisela Distyawan

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 false false false MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 Material Zink Oksida (ZnO telah berhasil disintesis menggunakan metode Chemical Vapour Transport dengan bahan dasar prekursor berupa serbuk Zn yang dipanaskan hingga mencapai temperatur uap dalam furnace horisontal. Adapun variasi yang diberikan dalam penelitian adalah berupa temperatur pemanasan (850, 900, dan 950oC, massa prekursor Zn (0,15, 0,25, dan 0,35g, lama waktu sputtering substrat (90 dan 180 detik, dan waktu tahan khusus untuk mengetahui initial growth ZnO (10, 20, 30, 40, 50, dan 60 menit. Pembentukan Zink Oksida (ZnO dikonfirmasi melalui data X-RD, dimana telah terbentuk material ZnO dengan struktur hexagonal wurtzite. Berdarsarkan data XRD juga diketahui ukuran kristal pada sampel sputtering 90 detik mengalami penurunan bersamaan penambahan massa Zn. Dari hasil pengamatan SEM didapatkan bahwa morfologi permukaan lapisan tipis ZnO terdiri dari berbagai macam bentuk berupa nanoparticle, nanowires, nanorods, dan nanotetrapod. Lapisan Zno paling tebal sebesar ±350 nm pada sampel 950oC-0,15g sputter 90 detik. Semakin tinggi temperatur operasi berdampak peningkatan ukuran partikel. Pengujian FTIR turut menguatkan terbentuknya lapisan tipis di permukaan substrat Alumina. Hal ini didasarkan terjadinya penyerapan vibrasi yang membentuk lekukan pada kisaran area 509 cm-1 dari masing-masing sampel.

  14. Vmesto Key Kaubamaja v Mustamjae mozhet bõt postrojeno novoje kommertsheskoje zdanije

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Tallinna Mustamäe linnaosas Kadaka tee 70 asunud Key Kaubamaja asemele kavandatakse kahekorruselist kaubamaja ja kuuekorruselist büroohoonet. Detailplaneeringu eskiisprojekti koostas Ruum ja Maastik OÜ

  15. Pengaruh NiCrAlY, Ni/Cr2O3/CrxCy Sebagai Variasi Bond Coat Dengan Penambahan Lapisan Al2O3 dan YSZ Pada Inconel 625 Terhadap Struktur Mikro Lapisan Menggunakan Metode Flame Spraying

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    Aprian Immanuel

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Thermal Barrier Coating (TBC berfungsi untuk mengurangi temperatur substrat serta meningkatkan daya tahannya terhadap korosi dan oksidasi. Pada penelitian ini, digunakan flame spraying dari variasi bond coat (Ni-Cr-Al-Y, (Ni/CrO3/CrXCY dan tanpa bond coat serta melapisi kembali lapisan bond coat dengan Al2O3 dan ZrO2 – 8%Y2O3 sebagai Thermal Barrier Coating untuk diteliti pengaruhnya terhadap struktur mikro lapisan yang terbentuk. Hasil flame spray diamati dengan SEM pada variasi bond coat NiCrAlY ditemukan beberapa serbuk dari material top coat dengan beberapa kondisi yaitu meleleh (melted, meleleh sebagian (semi melted, dan tidak meleleh (unmelted. Ditemukan poros yang merata hampir di seluruh permukaan sampel dan munculnya pengintian retak. Perbedaan sebelum dan sesudah perlakuan ada pada persebaran setiap unsur di setiap spesimen, dan lapisan oksida yang terbentuk pada seluruh variasi bond coat

  16. STRUKTUR KOMUNITAS TUMBUHAN DAN FAKTOR LINGKUNGAN DI LAHAN KRITIS, IMOGIRI YOGYAKARTA (Community Structure of Plant and Environmental Factor in Critical Land, Imogiri Yogyakarta

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    Maizer Said Nahdi

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Penelitian bertujuan mempelajari struktur komunitas tumbuhan pada berbagai tingkat pertumbuhan  sebagai  respon  terhadap aktivitas masyarakat, dan kualitas fisik kimia tanah yang terbentuk di kawasan lahan kritis Imogiri. Metode penelitian menggunakan kuadrat plot, dengan  ukuran plot 1x1, 5x5, 10x10, ulangan 6 – 10 diletakkan secara stratified random sampling. Pengumpulan data dengan mengamati kehadiran cacah spesies, dihitung kerapatan, dominansi, frekuensi spesies, dan Nilai Penting. Analisis ordinasi dua dimensi digunakan untuk mengelompokkan komunitas pada berbagai tingkat pertumbuhan, dengan analisis t-test untuk uji signifikansi unsur fisik kimia tanah. Hasil penelitian ditemukan 303 spesies, terdiri dari 34 tingkat pohon, 62 sapling dan 207 tumbuhan bawah dengan distribusi yang bervariasi. Kemelimpahan menunjukkan bahwa pada tingkat pohon terjadi pengelompokan, sedangkan pada tingkat sapling dan tumbuhan bawah mengumpul menjadi satu. Dalbergia sisso tingkat pohon dan sapling serta tumbuhan bawah  Euphatorium inulifolium merupakan spesies paling dominan dan merespon kondisi lahan kritis sehingga dapat dijumpai pada semua lokasi kajian. Kemelimpahan tingkat pohon sangat dipengaruhi oleh aktivitas masyarakat, dan mineral organik yang terbentuk sehingga didominasi vegetasi dengan nilai ekonomi tinggi. Sedangkan kehadiran spesies tingkat sapling dan tumbuhan bawah merespon kandungan hara yang terbentuk.   ABSTRACT The purpose of this research was to study the community structure of plant at different growth-forms in response to the activities of the local community (people and the physico-chemical characteristics of soil in the critical land of Imogiri. The research methods employed random quadrat with plot size of 1 x 1, 5 x 5, 10 x 10 m.  The placement of the plot followed stratified random sampling. At each plot, species richness, density, dominance, frequency of species, importance values were calculated. The grouping of

  17. Spytkirtlernes normale struktur og funktion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dynesen, Anja Weirsøe; Jensen, Siri Beier; Pedersen, Anne Marie Lynge

    2011-01-01

    , bidrager til dannelse af en beskyttende og smørende overflade på tænder og mundslimhinde, har en betydelig antimikrobiel funktion, indeholder komponenter, der forebygger demineralisering af tandoverfladen, ligesom spyt medvirker til at vedligeholde et neutralt pH i mundhulen. Endelig har spyttet betydning...

  18. TEORI STRUKTUR MODAL : SEBUAH SURVEI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sujoko Sujoko

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper explored capital structure theory since 1952 to 1996. The Capital Structure theory firstly introduced by David Duran (1952 to estimate value of the firm. Modigliani and Miller introduced MM-theory and become landmark the capital structure theory because the many paper always referred to the paper. Pecking order theory, Agency Theory and Signaling  theory and Dynamic capital structure explained in this paper.

  19. Pengaruh Struktur Kepemilikan Terhadap Kinerja Dengan Value Added Intellectual Capital Coefficient (VAIC Sebagai Variabel Intervening [The Influence of Ownership Structure on Performance with Value Added Intellectual Capital Coefficient (VAIC as an Intervening Variable

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fitri Ismiyanti

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Development of science, innovation, and economics shifts the view of how to run a labor-based business into a knowledge-based business. Intellectual capital (IC, which is based on the competitive advantage of companies, is considered as one of the hidden assets that contributes to the measurement of companies’ value. Value Added Intellectual Capital Coefficient (VAICTM is a method developed by Pulic, which became the standard to gauge IC on research in various countries. Ownership structure has indicated effects on VAICTM, because shareholder’s governance reflects the control and supervision of company's assets and performance. VAICTM also has indicated impacts on ROE and company’s market performance, which is proxied by Q  Ratio Modification. The purpose of this study is to measure the effect of ownership structure, such as managerial, domestic institutional, foreign institutional, and government ownership on VAICTM, as well as the influence of VAICTM to the ROE and Q  Ratio Modification on 218 observations of listed companies on the Indonesia Stock Exchange in the period of 2009-2011 using the recursive regression analysis method. The results showed a significantly negative effect of government ownership on VAICTM, and VAICTM had a significantly positive effect on ROE and Q  Ratio Modification. BAHASA INDONESIA ABSTRAK: Perkembangan ilmu pengetahuan, inovasi, dan ekonomi menggeser pandangan cara menjalankan bisnis yang berbasis tenaga kerja (labor-based business menjadi bisnis yang berkarakter ilmu pengetahuan (knowledge-based business. Intellectual capital (IC yang bertumpu pada keunggulan bersaing perusahaan dianggap menjadi salah satu hidden assets yang berkontribusi terhadap pengukuran nilai perusahaan. Value Added Intellectual Capital Coefficient (VAICTM adalah metode yang dikembangkan oleh Pulic, yang menjadi standar pengukur IC pada banyak penelitian di berbagai negara. Struktur kepemilikan diindikasikan memiliki efek terhadap

  20. Comparison calculation/experiment on the load case ``shutdown of TH high pressure pumps under consideration of fluid structure interaction``; Vergleich Rechnung/Messung zum Lastfall ``Abschaltung der TH-Hochdruckpumpen unter Beruecksichtigung der Fluid-Struktur-Wechselwirkung``

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Erath, W.; Nowotny, B.; Maetz, J. [KED, Rodenbach (Germany)

    1998-11-01

    Measurements of an experiment in a pipe system with pump shutdown and valve closing have been performed in the nuclear power plant KRB II. Comparative calculations of fluid and structure including interaction show an excellent agreement with the measured results. Theory and implementation of the fluid/structure interaction and the results of the comparison are described. It turns out that the consideration of the fluid/structure interaction is mostly a significant increase of the effective structural damping. (orig.) [Deutsch] Es wurden Messungen am nuklearen Nachkuehlsystem des Kernkraftwerks Gundremmingen (KRB II) bei einem Versuche mit Pumpenabschalten und Ventilschliessen durchgefuehrt. Vergleichsrechnungen der Fluid-Strukturdynamik unter echter Beruecksichtigung der Wechselwirkung ergaben eine ausgezeichnete Uebereinstimmung der Rechnung mit den Messungen. Es werden Theorie und Implementierung der Koppelung der Fluid- und Struktur-Berechnungen sowie die Vergleiche von Messung und Rechnung beschrieben. Es ergibt sich, dass die Beruecksichtigung der Wechselwirkung notwendig ist zur genaueren Berechnung von `weichen` Rohrleitungsystemen. Eine wichtige Folge der Wechselwirkung ist meist eine deutliche Erhoehung der effektiven Strukturdaempfung. (orig.)

  1. PENGARUH UMUR POHON, BONITA DAN POSISI AKSIAL BATANG TERHADAP STRUKTUR MAKROSKOPIS DAN KUALITAS KAYU JATI SEBAGAI BAHAN FURNITUR (Effect of Tree Age, Site Quality Index and Trunk Axial Position on Macroscopic Structure and Quality of Teak Wood

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yustinus Suranto

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Penggunaan kayu jati muda merupakan solusi alternatif terhadap terbatasnya ketersediaan bahan baku yang dihadapi oleh industri mebel. Kayu muda cenderung memiliki kayu berkualitas rendah. Salah satu pengukur kualitas kayu adalah sifat struktur makroskopik. Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh umur pohon, bonita dan posisi aksial batang terhadap struktur makroskopis kayu dan kualitas kayu. Tiga puluh enam pohon jati muda ditebang dari kawasan hutan KPH Kendal, Provinsi Jawa Tengah. Tiga cakram berketebalan 3 cm diambil dari masing-masing posisi aksial batang, yaitu bagian pangkal, tengah dan ujung. Pengukuran proporsi kayu teras dan dimensi lingkaran tahun dilakukan berdasarkan perbedaan warna alami dan dengan menggunakan lembaran plastik transparan bergambar pola milimeter. Data dianalisis dengan analisis varians dalam rancangan acak lengkap berblok yang disusun secara faktorial. Pengujian lanjutan dilakukan dengan uji HSD Duncan. Kualitas kayu ditentukan dengan analisis determinan berdasarkan kurva normal Z. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa interaksi tiga faktor tidak berpengaruh terhadap proporsi kayu teras, dan dimensi lingkaran tahun. Interaksi kelas umur dan bonita pengaruh nyata terhadap proporsi kayu teras dan dimensi lingkarah tahun. Posisi aksial batang berpengaruh secara nyata terhadap proporsi kayu teras dan berpengaruh sangat nyata terhadap dimensi lingkaran tahun. Semakin mendekat pada posisi pangkal batang, semakin tinggi proporsi kayu teras dan dimensi lingkaran tahun. Interaksi tiga faktor yaitu kelas umur V, bonita 4 dan posisi tengah batang menghasilkan kualitas kayu tertinggi, yaitu kelas 2, dan interaksi kelas umur V, bonita 3 dan bagian ujung batang menghasilkan kualitas terendah, yaitu kelas 4. Penggunaan kayu berbasis kualitas akan memaksimalkan nilai guna dan meningkatkan umur pakai produk, sehingga mengurangi intensitas penebangan hutan dan lebih ramah lingkungan hidup. ABSTRACT Young teak utilization

  2. BIOAKUMULASI MERKURI DAN STRUKTUR HEPATOPANKREAS PADA TEREBRALIA SULCATA DAN NERITA ARGUS (MOLUSKA: GASTROPODA DI KAWASAN BEKAS PENGGELONDONGAN EMAS, MUARA SUNGAI LAMPON, BANYUWANGI, JAWA TIMUR(Bioaccumulation of mercury and the hepatopancreas structure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susintowati Susintowati

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Amalgamasi pada proses penggelondongan emas tradisional di muara sungai Lampon menggunakan Merkuri (Hg. Limbah dibuang langsung ke muara dan lingkungan sekitar. Walaupun aktivitas penggelondongan emas telah dihentikan, efek cemar Merkuri terhadap lingkungan termasuk biota terus berlangsung. Bioakumulasi Merkuri dapat ditelusuri menggunakan bioindikator anggota Gastropoda. Penelusuran bioakumulasi Merkuri menggunakan spesimen Terebralia sulcata yang hidup di hutan mangrove sekitar lokasi penggelondongan, dan Nerita argus yang hidup di muara pantai. Analisis Merkuri berdasar metode SNI 06-6992.2-2004 menggunakan perangkat Mercury Analyzer. Hepatopankreas sebagai organ detoksifikasi Merkuri digunakan sebagai parameter patologis. Hepatopankreas masing-masing spesimen dipreparasi dengan metode parafin, diwarnai dengan Hematoksilin Ehrlich’s-Eosin untuk pengamatan struktur mikroskopis. Bioakumulasi Merkuri dalam tubuh T. sulcata hingga 3,10 ppm, sedangkan dalam tubuh N. argus hingga 3,03 ppm. Tampak banyak vesikula residu diduga berisi inklusi pemadatan elektron dan metalotionin sebagai dampak detoksifikasi ion logam Merkuri dalam hepatopankreas. Tubulus hepatopankreas N. argus mengalami disintegrasi dan atropi cukup parah. Walaupun tambang emas di Lampon berskala kecil dan telah ditutup, efek patologis pencemaran Merkuri terhadap biota terutama Gastropoda sangat signifikan.   ABSTRACT Traditional gold mining at Lampon Banyuwangi district was used mercury amalgamation. Tailings are discharged to waters, that caused mercury pollution. Mercury accumulation can be trace in sediments and benthic organisms such as Gastropods. Although the gold mining has been ceased, the impact of mercury pollution can be traced. The purposes of this study are to know the mercury accumulation in sediments, to know mercury bioaccumulation in the soft body of Gastropod bioindicators, to know mercury pathological effect in hepatopancreas. Terebralia sulcata and

  3. Struktur und Dynamik in der Netzwerkanalyse

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Trier, M.; Stegbauer, C.; Häußling, R.

    2010-01-01

    Die Methodik der sozialen Netzwerkanalyse (SNA) ist auf die quantitative Untersuchung von strukturellen Mustern in Graphen ausgerichtet. Die Analyse arbeitet gegenwärtig meist mit Daten aus einer einmaligen und kumulierten Erhebung der Netzwerkstruktur zu einem bestimmten Zeitpunkt. Diese

  4. Keterkaitan Rg-aljabar Dan Struktur Grup

    OpenAIRE

    Yudi, Irwan

    2014-01-01

    In this paper is discussed an algebraic structure which is called RG-algebra. The RG-algebra is a subclass of BCI-algebra and a sub subclass of K-algebra. Therefore, everyRG-algebra is a BCI-algebra, but conversly is not true. The RG-algebra andGroup Structure have a relation. Its relation is RG-algebra can be constructed by acommutativegroup and conversly commutativegroup can be constructed by a RG-algebra. The RG-algebra is a K-algebra with commutativegroupas generator group.

  5. Determinan Struktur Modal: Studi di Asia Tenggara

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Werner Ria Murhadi

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to investigate factors that determine the structure of capital in existing firms in the mining sector in ASEAN countries. This study also examines whether there are differences in capital structure determination on these companies. The sample size consists of 70 companies that exist in the mining sector with sample criteria used is the company publishes a complete financial report and is available in the database Osiris. The dependent variable in this study is debt, while the independent variables are profitability, firm size, asset tangibility, firm growth, and non-debt tax shield. This study applies a pooled least square approach. The results show that the factors determining the debt policy are the profitability, firm size, tangible assets and the growth rate, whereas non-debt tax shield has no significant effect. The study also finds that there is no real difference in practice between the use of debt in the six ASEAN countries.

  6. Perilaku Nonlinier Buckling pada Struktur Cangkang Bola

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sumirin Sumirin

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the results of a numerical study using the finite element method in geometrical nonlinear on camped shallow spherical shells under uniform pressure. The shell structure was modelled by finite axisymmetric thin shell elements and quadrilateral elements. The geometrical nonlininear problem was solved by a scheme of incremental iterative procedures applying Newton-Raphson method in combination with arch length methods. The results of finite element analysis compared with the experimental results of previous reseacher.

  7. Lakon Baratayuda Versi Klaten: Kajian Struktur Naratif

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Endah Budiarti

    2013-11-01

    Lakon Baratayuda versi Klaten: Study of Narative Structure. This paper is intended to find the flow of the action hero in the Lakon Baratayuda Klaten version. The theory of the structure of folk tales Vladimir Propp adapted and modified in this paper. Propp’s theory says that a folk tale has a structure formed of functions that move sequentially. With regard to the theory, the method of analysis used is the method of Propp’s structural models. To be able to find the flow of the  action hero first revealed what functions (action dramatic personae are present, then determine the sequence of functions (action dramatic personae, and further reveals the narrative structure of the Lakon Baratayuda Klaten version. There are several things that can be raised from the analysis of Lakon Baratayuda Klaten version. The first, discovered fourteen function (action hero is tracked from the stream acts as a hero in the Lakon Baratayuda Klaten version. Second, the Lakon Baratayuda Klaten version contains more than one main story movement. Keywords: Baratayuda, structural, Propp

  8. STRUKTUR KEPRIBADIAN MANUSIA PERSPEKTIF PSIKOLOGI DAN FILSAFAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suhermanto Ja'far

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Personality term refer to a principal that unite biological and social aspects. Personality defined differently by each psychological perspective. Freud with his psychoanalysis defined personality by hierarchy that consists of id, ego, and super ego. Alfred Adler as individual psychology theorist considered personality as medium that arranged facts and transform it into a personal and unique personality formed by self creativity. Jung with his analytical psychology suggested that personality or psyche is a dynamic with continually movement. Each personalilty aspect is required to complete an optimal differentiation and development level to achieve a healthy and integrated personality. Behaviorism considered behavior as main factor in defining personality. The personality components that consistent is the behavior it self. Humanistic psychology views personality as a union between body and soul which construct a historical awareness on its existence that point on an authentic and individual behavioural pattern.

  9. PENGARUH STRUKTUR MODAL TERHADAP KINERJA PERUSAHAAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zaki Imadudin

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The  purpose  of  this  study  is  to  examine  the  impact  of  capital  structure  on corporate performance after crisis 2008. DAR and DER are used as independent variables and ROA and ROE are used as dependent variables. Two variables are used as control variables namely size and sales.  The population in this study is index LQ 45 which are listed in Indonesia Stock Exchange during 2009-2012. Regression analysis were used to test the impact of capital structure on corporate performance. The result shows that DAR has impact positive but not signifi cant with ROA and negative but not signifi cant with ROE while DER has negative but not signifi cant with ROA dan positive but not signifi cant with ROE. Size has negative but not signifi cant with ROA and ROE and Sales has positive signifi cant with ROA and ROE.  Keywords :Capital Structure, corporate performance, size, sales.

  10. Pengaruh Struktur Organisasi Terhadapkomunikasi dalam Tim Audit

    OpenAIRE

    Muhammad, Rifqi

    2009-01-01

    Some audit researchers suggest that high levels of audit team structure may encumber communication within audit teams by impeding information-gathering activities. Others suggest that structure benefits communication by coordinating controlling information flows. This study evaluated these arguments by examining the relationship between the structure of audit teams and selected communication variables (information overload, boundary spanning, satisfaction with supervision, and accuracy of inf...

  11. STRUKTUR KEPEMILIKAN, PROFITABILITAS, PERTUMBUHAN AKTIVA DAN UKURAN PERUSAHAAN TERHADAP STRUKTUR MODAL PADA PERUSAHAAN MANUFAKTUR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kartini Kartini

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available This research aimed to test influence of the Ownership Structure, Profitability, Assetgrowth, and Size measure of firm to Capital Structure. This Research was limited onlymanufacturing company which had gone public in Jakarta Stock Exchange. This research wasconducted by taking secondary data. Population in this research was manufacturing companyobtained from share which was listed and “go public” in Jakarta Stock Exchange period 2002-2005. The intake technique was random sampling, and the obtained data was 38 companies.Result of analysis or T test in this research indicated that the ownership structure, asset growth,and size of company were significant or accepted. Only unprovable profitability was refused.While result F test showed that independent variable had an effect on the significance toCapital Structure of company in significance level 5%, and variable of size of company insignificance level 10%.

  12. Characterization of structure and coagulation behaviour of refractory organic substances (ROS) using small-angle neutron scattering (SANS), small-angle x-ray scattering (SAXS) and x-ray microscopy; Charakterisierung von Struktur und Koagulationsverhalten von Refraktaeren Organischen Saeuren (ROS) mit Hilfe von Neutronenkleinwinkelstreuung (SANS), Roentgenkleinwinkelstreuung (SAXS) und Roentgenmikroskopie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pranzas, P.K. [GKSS-Forschungszentrum Geesthacht GmbH (Germany). Inst. fuer Werkstofforschung

    1999-07-01

    In this work structure, coagulation and complexation behaviour of aquatic refractory organic substances (ROS) (humic and fulvic acids) were characterized. For this purpose a structural analytical system with the methods small-angle neutron scattering (SANS), small-angle x-ray scattering (SAXS) and X-ray microscopy with synchrotron radiation was developed and established. Size distributions of ROS of different origin were calculated from the scattering curves. Spherical ROS units were obtained, which coagulated by forming chainlike structures or disordered ROS agglomerates at higher concentrations. Additionally the average molecular weights of several ROS were calculated. Studies of the coagulation behaviour of ROS towards copper ions resulted in larger ROS-agglomerates besides the spherical ROS units. A linear relation between the addition of Cu{sup 2+} and the formation of the ROS-Cu{sup 2+}-agglomerates was found. With X-ray microscopy an extensive ROS-Cu{sup 2}-network structure could be registrated. For mercury and cadmium ions such coagulation interactions were not found. Investigations with X-ray microscopy of the coagulation behaviour of ROS towards the cationic surfactant DTB resulted in micel-like structures of equal size, which were spread throughout the solution. With increasing concentrations of DTB larger agglomerates up to network structures were obtained. (orig.) [German] In dieser Arbeit wurden Struktur, Koagulations- und Komplexierungsverhalten von aquatischen refraktaeren organischen Saeuren (ROS) (Humin- und Fulvinsaeuren) charakterisiert. Zu diesem Zweck wurde ein strukturanalytisches Gesamtsystem mit den Methoden Neutronenkleinwinkelstreuung (SANS), Roentgenkleinwinkelstreuung (SAXS) und Roentgenmikroskopie mit Synchrotronstrahlung entwickelt und etabliert. Fuer ROS unterschiedlicher Herkunft in Loesung wurden Groessenverteilungen aus den Streukurven berechnet. Es wurden kugelfoermige ROS-Einheiten gefunden, die bei hoeheren ROS

  13. Struktur und Entwicklung des Immunsystems der Hühnerlunge

    OpenAIRE

    Zengerling, Grammatia

    2006-01-01

    Comparatively little is known about the structure and development of the lung associated immune system in the chicken, despite its important role in the defence numerous infectious diseases. In this study lung samples were obtained from line M11 leghorn chickens on days 1, 3 and 7 after hatch and of 2, 3, 4, 6, 8 and 13 weeks old birds for immunohistological, scanning as well as transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Monclonal antibodies reactive with T-cells (CD3, CD4, CD8), B cells (BU-1),...

  14. KEBIJAKAN PENGELOLAAN HUTAN, KEMISKINAN STRUKTURAL DAN PERLAWANAN MASYARAKAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deddy Winarwan

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The government's implementation of various forest management policies often fails to protect forest and reduce the number of poor communities around it. This study aims to discover disctimination in forest management oplicies issued and implementation by the State, the erultant structural proverty, and social resistance from by communities within and around forest conservation areas. this study was a qualitative one using a descriptive analytical approach conducted at the State level, Husserl's phenomenology at an individual level and Berger at collective level. The location of the result of the study indicate that the logging done by the local community was due to their displeasure with the goverment's policies, considered discriminatory in their application to the timber company and community. Implementation of deliberative policy to resolve conflicts between the government and Atar Lebar community int the TNBBS forest conservation area is necessary for the resolution of the socio-structural problems in Atar Lebar

  15. STRUKTUR PASAR PERSAINGAN PERBANKAN INDONESIA DALAM PERIODE KONSOLIDASI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sutardjo Sutardjo

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study is to investigate evidence of market structure and to analyze market structure variables that influence bank revenue in the Indonesian banking market during the consolidation era. The Hirschman-Herfindahl (HHI and Concentration Ratio Four (CR4 indices indicated decreasing trend and low level of market concentration. The test of market competition by using Panzar-Rosse approach at industry level indicating a monopolistic competition behaviors among banks. In addition,the market for interest-based income is found to be more competitive than that of for fee-based income. The study also suggest that during the consolidation period, input price of banks product seems higher. In addition, the study conclude that there is no indication of changes of the Indonesian banking market structure in the period of 1999-2009. The result of partial analysis also indicate a monopolistic competition behaviors among banks according to their ownership status. Accordingly, the market for non interest based income is found to be more competitive than that of interest based income for the Joint Venture Bank (Bank Campuran and the Foreign Bank (Bank Asing.Keywords : Market Structure, HHI, CR4, Panzar and Rosse

  16. ANALISIS PENGARUH STRUKTUR MODAL TERHADAP KINERJA KEUANGAN PERUSAHAAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Achmad Komara

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available AbstractAt this time, business growth requires proper company’s financial strategy, especially by managing the capitalstructure to meet funding need of business operations. This research describes the impact of capital structure onfinancial performance of finance company listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange during the years 2009-2013. The dependent variable in this study is financial performance composed of return on assets ratio (ROA,return on equity ratio (ROE and price-to-earnings ratio (PER.While the independent variable in the form ofcapital structure is the ratio of debt to total assets (DAR and the ratio of debt to total equity (DER. The resultof panel data regression analysis showed that the capital structure has negative significant effect on financialperformance of ROA and ROE, but has positive significant effect on PER. Based on these results, the financecompanies should apply the precautionary principle in managing capital resources coming from debt financing,because the increased component of excessive debt in the capital structure of the company could lead to anincrease in the financial burden that affects the reduction in company’s profit.

  17. Der Herrscherhof im Mittelalter. Struktur, Raum und Represantation

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Dvořáčková-Malá, Dana

    2010-01-01

    Roč. 14, - (2010), s. 59-90 ISSN 1210-8499 R&D Projects: GA AV ČR KJB800150802 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z80150510 Keywords : Social System * the Middle Ages * ruling Court Subject RIV: AB - History

  18. Struktur und Reaktionsmechanismus der Pyrrolysinsynthase (PylD)

    KAUST Repository

    Quitterer, Felix; Beck, Philipp; Bacher, Adelbert; Groll, Michael

    2013-01-01

    The final step in the biosynthesis of the 22nd genetically encoded amino acid, pyrrolysine, is catalyzed by PylD, a structurally and mechanistically unique dehydrogenase. This catalyzed reaction includes an induced-fit mechanism achieved by major structural rearrangements of the N-terminal helix upon substrate binding. Different steps of the reaction trajectory are visualized by complex structures of PylD with substrate and product.

  19. Keanekaragaman dan struktur komunitas semut pada perkebunan lada di Lampung

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yudiyanto Yudiyanto

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The occurrence of ants in agricultural habitat is related to the availability of food resources as well as environmental condition for its nesting site. As predator, ants play an important role on controlling pest population in agricultural habitat. The objective of this research was to study the diversity of ants in pepper plantation. The research outcome can be used as basic information for cultivation management of pepper. Ecological observation was conducted in four regencies in Lampung Province with two selected plots on each regency. On each plot, ants were sampled using pitfall traps. In total, 28 ant species were recorded from pepper field in four regencies. Two species i.e. Anoplolepis gracilipes and Solenopsis geminataare well-known as tramp and invasive species. There is significantly different of ant species composition among regencies. The occurrence of ants in pepper plantationis probably affected by habitat condition surrounding pepper plantation and precipitation.

  20. Struktur und Reaktionsmechanismus der Pyrrolysinsynthase (PylD)

    KAUST Repository

    Quitterer, Felix

    2013-05-29

    The final step in the biosynthesis of the 22nd genetically encoded amino acid, pyrrolysine, is catalyzed by PylD, a structurally and mechanistically unique dehydrogenase. This catalyzed reaction includes an induced-fit mechanism achieved by major structural rearrangements of the N-terminal helix upon substrate binding. Different steps of the reaction trajectory are visualized by complex structures of PylD with substrate and product.

  1. PENGEMBANGAN BUKU TEKS GEOGRAFI DENGAN STRUKTUR PENULISAN ENSIKLOPEDIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iskandar Iskandar

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Efficacy of study as a whole very depend on efficacy of teacher design study items. Difficulty of teacher for the mengkolaborasikan of study scientificly, obliging teacher to manage Iesson items which in it have to there are scientific element (perceiving, enquiring, eksploration, association, and communicate, see clarification at textbook of Geografi limited will very application difficult to to five the element in one Iesson items. Creativity learn very needed to develop the mareri. at, textbook of Geografi used by is student and teacher in school not yet included the overall of problems and phenomenon which can be analysed by student. Clarification at textbook still limited and still relate at cognate aspect of just student. Besides, clarification at textbook not yet can to instruct student learn scientificly. Overcoming the problems, require to the existence of development of textbook matching with requirement of student. Pursuant to assessment of student to enquette the alloted, amount of answer score the got to amount to 551, hence assessment of student to usage of textbook is (551:600 x 100 = 92% from which is expected (100%. obtained data of student at forming items and exploiting of land; ground is 92% with category very good. Comment and suggestion written by student made by consideration to complete textbook. Inferential that textbook needn't again there is reviseing related to overall of component in textbook. Keberhasilan pembelajaran secara keseluruhan sangat tergantung pada keberhasilan guru merancang materi pembelajaran. Kesulitan guru untuk mengkolaborasikan pembelajaran secara saintifik, mengharuskan guru untuk mengelola materi pelajaran yang di dalamnya harus terdapat unsur saintifik (mengamati, menanya, mengeksplorasi, mengasosiasi, dan mengomunikasikan. Melihat penjelasan pada buku teks Geografi yang terbatas akan sangat sulit untuk mengaplikasikan ke lima unsur tersebut dalam satu materi pelajaran. Kreativitas guru sangat diperlukan untuk mengembangkan mareri tersebut. Buku teks Geografi yang digunakan guru dan siswa di sekolah belum mencakup keseluruhan fenomena dan permasalahan yang bisa dianalisis siswa. Penjelasan pada buku teks masih terbatas dan masih mengacu pada aspek kognitif siswa saja. Selain itu, penjelasan pada buku teks belum mampu untuk mengarahkan siswa belajar secara saintifik. Mengatasi permasalahan tersebut, perlu adanya pengembangan buku teks yang sesuai dengan kebutuhan siswa. Berdasarkan penilaian siswa terhadap angket yang dibagikan, jumlah skor jawaban yang didapat berjumlah 551, maka penilaian siswa terhadap penggunaan buku teks adalah (551:600 x 100% = 92% dari yang diharapkan (100%. Data yang diperoleh dari siswa pada materi pembentukan dan pemanfaatan tanah adalah 92% dengan kategori sangat baik. Komentar dan saran tertulis oleh siswa dijadikan bahan pertimbangan untuk menyempurnakan buku teks. Dapat disimpulkan bahwa buku teks tidak perlu lagi ada revisi terkait dengan keseluruhan komponen dalam buku teks.

  2. Pengungkapan Corporate Social Responsibility, Struktur Corporate Governance dan Nilai Perusahaan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salmah Pattisahusiwa

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available The concept of the corporate social responsibility has a significant interest in Indonesia because believed to increase corporate’s value for shareholders. This study aims to find the effect of corporate social responsibility disclosure and corporate governance structure on corporate value. The data were taken from annual report of mining companies listed in Indonesian Stock Exchange for period of 2014-2015. The sample collection has been done by using purposive sampling with the certain criteria so that 18 companies which meet criteria have been obtained as samples. Multiple Regression analysis was employed to analyze data. The result of this research show that corporate social responsibility disclosure and corporate governance structure have significant effect to thecorporate value.

  3. Informationsdesign von Bildungsportalen : Struktur und Aufbau netzbasierter Bildungsressourcen

    OpenAIRE

    Panke, Stefanie

    2009-01-01

    Sowohl Unternehmen als auch Bildungseinrichtungen, Verlage, politische Organisationen, Verbände, Interessengruppen und Privatpersonen nutzen das Internet, um Informationen zu verbreiten. Die Varianz an Akteuren, Adressaten und Botschaften spiegelt sich wider in einem wachsenden Spektrum an Web-Genres: Suchmaschine, E-Commerce-Auftritt und Online-Zeitung teilen sich die Aufmerksamkeit der Leser unter anderem mit privaten Weblogs und kollaborativen Wissenssammlungen wie der Enzyklopädie Wikiped...

  4. Transformasi Loro Blonyo – Rumah Joglo dalam Analisis Struktural

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Slamet Subiyantoro

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper shows that the form and structure of a traditional Javanese house joglo is a transformation from loro blonyo sculptures representing a pair of human figures. This pair of statues and also the traditional Javanese house are basically a manifestation of the Javanese way of life that emphasizes harmony and unity of values between two different worlds such as men and women, physical and spiritual, and macrocosm and microcosm.

  5. PENATAAN LEMBAGA NEGARA MANDIRI DALAM STRUKTUR KETATANEGARAAN INDONESIA

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    Retno Mawarini Sukmariningsih

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available This purpose of this article is to harmonize and to synchronize regulations of independent state agencies in order to avoid from the overlapping within those agencies so that they persistently can exercise their function, and further to analyze them normatively as ad-hoc commissions under the effective regulations or otherwise. The rearrangement is purported to reconstruct the regulations of independent state agencies and it must begin from the constitution so that we internally can simplify to supervise and to minimize abuse of power carried on by the independent state agencies in order to answer people’s serious challenge. Tulisan ini mempunyai tujuan agar ada harmonisasi regulasi lembaga negara mandiri supaya sesama lembaga negara mandiri tidak overlappingdalam menjalankan fungsinya dan lebih jauh lagi untuk mengkaji secara normatif lembaga negara mandiri seperti komisi-komisi yang dibentuk secara ad-hocdalam peraturan perundang-undangan jauh lebih efektif atau justru sebaliknya. Penataan regulasi ini bermaksud untuk penataan regulasi kelembagaan negara khususnya lembaga negara mandiri yang diawali dari konstitusi, sehingga akan memudahkan pengawasan secara internal dan meminimalisir penyalahgunaan kekuasaan lembaga negara mandiri yang pembentukannya mestinya untuk menjawab tantangan kebutuhan masyarakat.

  6. ANALISIS FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI STRUKTUR MODAL

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    Putria Yusintha

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this research is to find out the determinants of capital structure on manufacturing companies in Indonesia. The initial samples used in this research are 48 firm listed in Bursa Efek Indonesia (BEI during the period 2004-2008. There are 5 variables, choosed as the measurements of capital structure, those are: Tangibility of Assets, Profitability, Firm Size, Growth Sales, and Growth Firm. This research uses multiple linear regressions as the analysis method. The statistic test find out that the independent variables, which are Profitability, Firm Size, and Growth Sales have an influence on capital structure. However, Tangibility of Assets and Growth Firm has no influence on capital structure. Another result from this research is Tangibility of Assets, Profitability, Firm Size, Growth Sales, and Growth Firm have an influence on capital structure simultaneously.

  7. INTERMEDIASI, STRUKTUR MODAL, EFISIENSI, PERMODALAN DAN RISIKO TERHADAP PROFITABILITAS BANK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Djamil thalib

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available AbstractThis study aimed to analyze the causality between intermediation as measured by the LDR, capitalstructure measured by DER, efficiency as measured by ROA, capital measured by CAR and NPL to quantifythe risk to profitability. This study took a sample of 25 banks listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange period2008 to 2013, with a purposive sampling method. The data analysis technique multiple linear regressionmodel. The results showed that the LDR, DER, CAR positive effect on profitability. While ROA and NPLinfluenced by the negative direction towards profitability.

  8. HUBUNGAN STRUKTUR MODAL DAN KEPUTUSAN INVESTASI PADA PERUSAHAAN MANUFAKTUR

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    Risa Rolita

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The background of this study was begun with the manufacturing company needs capital to continually improvetheir performance and investors needs to look at the capital structure to determine their decision to invest. Thepurpose of this research was to know the relation between capital structure and investment decisions in ManufacturingCompany listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange during six years (2008-2013. This study was a causalresearch. Sampling technique used purposive sampling method. Adjusted R2 test was used to measure the modelcapability in explaining the variation of dependent variable. T-test was used to test the partial regression coefficientwith a significance level of 5%. Capital structure was represented by Debt to Asset Ratio (DAR, Debt toEquity Ratio (DER, Long term Debt to Asset Ratio (LDAR, Long term Debt to Equity Ratio (LDER, Equity toAsset Ratio (EAR. Investment decision was represented by changes of Fixed Asset Ratio (“AT Ratio. The resultof this research was DAR and DER gave significant effect on investment decisions.

  9. 96 Über die Morphosyntaktische Struktur von Nominalkomposita im ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Die Yorùbá-Sprache, die von mehr als 25 Millionen Menschen allein in Nigeria gesprochen wird (vgl. Weisser 2008:1), ist die. Sprache der Yorùbá. Sie wird neben anderen Sprachen hauptsächlich in Südwest-Nigeria und z.T. in Benin, Togo,. Brasilien und Kuba gesprochen. Sie ist eine isolierende. Tonsprache, die zum ...

  10. INTERPRETASI STRUKTUR BAWAH PERMUKAAN GUNUNG MURIA MENGGUNAKAN ANALISA DATA GRAVITASI

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    Nasrun Balulu

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available A geophysical survey using gravity method was carried out in Muria  volcano. This research aimed to interpret the subsurface geology condition of the research area based on gravity data analysis. Research area is (47,6 x 45 km2    with 222 observation  points. Gravitymeter  LaCoste & Romberg type G-1118 MVR was used to    measure the  gravity field, and differential method of Global Positioning System (GPS was used to measure the position and elevation. Data processing was performed to gain complete Bouguer  anomaly of both residual and  regional. Bouguer density using graphical method resulted to the value of 2.67 gr/cm3.  Transformation to a horizontal plane was performed obtain by using equivalent mass method with horizontal level’s height of 1602 meters beyond the spheroid reference and equivalent The separation of regional anomaly and residual  anomaly  was  generated  through  upward  continuation  method  and  resulted  to  regional anomaly in the height of  15000 meters up the spheroid reference. The residual anomaly acquired by subtract the regional anomaly toward the complete Bouguer anomaly in a horizontal plane. The subsurface modelling of Muria  volcano and its surrounding was acquired from  Grav2DC for Windows. The result shows that Muria volcano and its surrounding was regionally controlled by rock resulted from volcanic processes as lava (density 2,91 gr/cm3. This volcanic rock due to the gravity collapse performed a caldera filled by andesit (density 2,58 gr/cm3. Another rock which is deposited in  Muria  volcano  are  tuff  from  Muria  Tuff  (density  2,4  gr/cm3,  tuff  sandstone  from  Patiayam formation (density 2,5 gr/cm3,  limestone from Bulu formation (density 2,7 gr/cm3, and  limestone from Ngrayong formation (density 2,8 gr/cm3. Keywords:Bouguer anomaly, Regional anomaly, Residual anomaly,  Modeling, Subsurface stracture.

  11. ANALISIS PENGARUH STRUKTUR MODAL TERHADAP KINERJA KEUANGAN PERUSAHAAN

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    Ika Puspita Kristianti

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study is to empirically identify the impacts of capital structure chosen by company on firm’s financial perfomances. This research examine the effects of variable Debt to Asset Ratio (DR and Debt to Equity Ratio (DER, partially and simultaneously to Return on Assets and Return on Equity. This research analyze secondary data using cross sectional method. The research specifically choose multi-finance companies that listed in Indonesia Stock Exchange as research population, with consideration of the characteristics and unique business risk level. The result of hypotheses tests proves that capital structure has a significant effect to firm’s financial performance.  The added of debt proportion will affect added interest expense, which will lower the asset’s effectivity to earn income. On contrary, higher debt also gives positive impact for income. Higher debt means more resources that could be used by firm in maximizing business opportunity. This result is relevant with firm’s business process that provide financial services to its customers. The more funds that firms could provide for its customers, then there will be higher opportunities for the firm to get higher interest income. The objective of this study is to empirically identify the impacts of capital structure chosen by company on firm’s financial perfomances. This research examine the effects of variable Debt to Asset Ratio (DR and Debt to Equity Ratio (DER, partially and simultaneously to Return on Assets and Return on Equity. This research analyze secondary data using cross sectional method. The research specifically choose multi-finance companies that listed in Indonesia Stock Exchange as research population, with consideration of the characteristics and unique business risk level. The result of hypotheses tests proves that capital structure has a significant effect to firm’s financial performance.  The added of debt proportion will affect added interest expense, which will lower the asset’s effectivity to earn income. On contrary, higher debt also gives positive impact for income. Higher debt means more resources that could be used by firm in maximizing business opportunity. This result is relevant with firm’s business process that provide financial services to its customers. The more funds that firms could provide for its customers, then there will be higher opportunities for the firm to get higher interest income.   Key words: capital structure, financial performance, profitability

  12. KUALITAS AIR WADUK PENJALIN BERDASARKAN STRUKTUR KOMUNITAS MAKROBENTHOS

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    Ratih Junika Widjaja Putri

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Macrobenthos is one of the biotic water constituent and can be used as bioindicator in determining water quality conditions. Water quality can be seen in terms of community structure of macrobenthos. The present study aimed to determine the physical and chemical water qualities in Penjalin Reservoir and to know the community structure of macrobenthos contained in the waters of Penjalin Reservoir. Community structure includes Density (organism/m2, Relative Density, Dominance Index (C and Diversity Index (H ' as well as to determine the relationship between the water quality (physical and chemical and the macrobenthos density. The physical and chemical qualities of Penjalin Reservoir water was good based on class III water quality standard according to PP No. 82 Ttahun 2001. Based on observation, 11 macrobenthos were obtained. Diversity Index (H' based on the criteria of Lee  et al. (1978 showed moderate values (2.07 to 1.66 suggesting a low contamination level. The relationship of macrobenthos density and its chemical and physical quality of water pH, temperature, light penetration, depth, DO, BOD was weak, but had strong relationship with TSS. The results showed a linear regression equation Y = 898.76 X - 236.946 (Y = density and X = TSS which could be interpreted that the more value of macrobenthos density the higher value of TSS contained in the water.

  13. STRUKTUR EKONOMI DAN SEKTOR UNGGULAN SEKTORAL PADA PROPINSI RIAU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rahmatullah Rahmatullah

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to examine and analyze the structure of the economy, the dominant sector of economic regions, economic sectors effect on the growth of regional economy and the impact on the growth of leading sectors of economic sectors in the province of Riau. The research shows that The economic structure based on the demand and supply of output, gross value added and employment. Riau is the main structure: The food and beverage industry, tobacco, trade, construction, other services and goods paper & printing industry. Dominant sector in 2000 Riau oil, gas and geothermal energy, petroleum refining, transportation equipment industry, machinery & equipment, trade, plantation crops and buildings. Year 2005 plantation crops, food industry, beverages & tobacco, paper and printed material industry, commerce, fisheries, mining, oil, gas and geothermal energy, and buildings. The variable government investment, suwasta investment, exports, imports, employment, forward linkage, backward lingkage, the impact of output and gross value added impact of simultaneous positive effect on regional economic growth (GDP in Riau.DOI: 10.15408/sjie.v1i1.2596

  14. Analisis Kekuatan Dan Stabilitas Struktur Sistem Parkir Otomatis Berbantuan Software

    OpenAIRE

    Reinaldo, Eko; Irawan, Agustinus Purna; Daywin, Frans Jusuf

    2014-01-01

    Structure analysis software. Resulted of Automatic parking system is a car parking system which moves the vehicle from the parking lot entrance to the parking space automatically with no drivers. Automatic car parking system accepts the load's structure which should be done by the calculation and the structural strength analysis to get a strong and stable structure with expected safety level. structural strength analysis which has been done in this thesis is strong and stable automatic car pa...

  15. Peningkatan Keunggulan Kompetitif Perguruan Tinggi melalui Analisis Struktur Industri Porter

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    Robert Roy Rondonuwu

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available The existence of competitive advantage for an organization is something that cannot be avoided. Globalization and hyper-competitive market condition makes the management try to consolidate and count their assests in order to definie the way and position that they want to achieve in the market. By using the business process reengineering, the organization can get new energy (revitalization to make it one of the best in the competition. The objective of this paper is to motivate the organization by evaluating its internal condition in order to achieve the competitive advantage. The competitive advantage concept of Michael E. Porter is the central topic in all of the efforts to make the organization ambitions grow and expand in a dynamic market.

  16. Perubahan Struktur Ekonomi dan Dampaknya Terhadap Kemiskinan di Provinsi Jambi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Andi Alfarabi

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this research is to know changes the structure economy in the range of time  in  1996 – 2009  and  the  all  factors  that  affect  changes  the  structure  economy  was  also  know  the impact of career safety and a reduction poverty in Provinces Jambi. Of Result research is so well known changes structure economic that was started  with  growth  economic a then had an impact on  in  changes  pattern  consumption  society  relative  low,  but  there is a shift in 1996-1997.  advanced  known  factors-  factors  that  affect  changes  the structure  in  Province  Jambi  which  is divided  according to his  sector  (primary, industry, tools & services. Then  impact  changes  the  structure  economic  in  Province  Jambi  to : (a  Career Summary : changes structure economic that  happened  in  Provinces  Jambi  (four  sectors economy  did  not  have an effect  on  significant  the  enforced  career  safety  in  Province Jambi; (b Poverty: only share sector industry and share the sector  tools  that  have  influence  significant  to decrease the number poverty in Province Jambi. Keywords: Poverty, Sector Economy, Career Safety

  17. ANALISIS STRUKTUR KEUANGAN TERHADAP PROFITABILITAS PADA PT TELKOMINDONESIA, Tbk MAKASSAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agustina Merdekawati

    2017-05-01

    Methods of analysis used in this research is the analysis of the ratio of four aspects: Assets measured by the ratio Turnover Total Assets and ratios Turnover Fixed Assets, aspects of liquidity is measured by current ratio, quick ratio and cash ratio, Aspect Equity is measured by the ratio On the equity and debt aspects of Profitability measured by the ratio Profit Margin, Economic Profitability ratios, profitability ratios Equity and Net Profit Margin.

  18. Hubungan Ketenagakerjaan Dan Perubahan Struktur Ekonomi terhadap Kesejahteraan Masyarakat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandra Hukom

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to analyze the relationship between employment changes in the economic structure of the welfare of the people in Indonesia using Sobel test approach. Employment is an economic analysis of the behavior of workers and employers as well as their interaction on the labor market. Changes in the economic structure of an economic transformation from traditional to modern can be generally defined as a change in the economy related to the composition of demand, trade, production and other factors necessary to continously increase revenue and social welfare through an increase in income per capita . The results showed that the employment effect on welfare through structural change in Indonesia. This means that the presence of employment in the capitalist sector (non-agricultural employment without reducing the agricultural sector led to increased surplus is then invested back into the capitalist sector. Therefore, the growth of these sectors leads to structural changes in the economy which in turn have an impact on improving people's welfare.

  19. Budaya Birokrasi dalam Konteks Transformasi Struktural: Antara Harapan dan Kenyataan

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    Moeljarto Tjokrowinoto

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The form bureaucracy in a country basically reflects the interaction between value premise and factual premise. An effort in the reformation administration, which in reality, is a process for manipulating several determinants of bureaucracy so that the entire components of bureaucracy will be oriented towards the objeaisw, which is intended to be shaped through the development process, all requires a lot of consideration on the determinants of bureaucratic reformation earlier on mentioned This is because it is necessary to realize that some determinants of bureaucratic reformation often times, pass by the structural-pracediral dimension, psychological dimendon, economic and stuctural dmention, cod finalty the cultural dimention. It is apparent that bureaucracy in Indonesia is signified by the coexistence between Weberian bireaucracy which onginatesfivm the west and the traditional bureaucracy which has its roots in the socio-cultural aspects of the place. With due consideration to the conditions which have been pointed out above, this writing suggests that the process of bureaucratic transformation is not only able to make an emphasis on the formal aspects of a modfying system. In order that the administration reformation must point out not only at the industrialization process, but also on the phenomenon or the shape of the industrial society with the values which arc inherent in that particular society.

  20. ANALISIS PENGUJIAN STRUKTUR BALOK LAMINASI KAYU SENGON DAN KAYU KELAPA

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    Sri Handayani

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Wood Sengon (Sengon is a type of timber that can quickly grow, accessible but its use as a construction material has not been optimized. The technology used to support the wood as a construction material is a laminate. Engineering experiments was done by making laminated beams of wood Sengon and wood coconut. The purpose of this study is to determine how much the increase in flexural strength for laminated wood Sengon beams and wood Coconut beams as a replacement of structural beam with a variety of adhesive and timber placement. The method used is an experimental method for flexural strength testing of laminated beams. The results showed an average flexural strength of the maximum obtained in laminated beams with variations EP-S (adhesive epoxy glue and placement position in the wood Sengon amounted to 679 350 kg / cm2. An increase in the strength of 254 025 kg / cm2 (59.72% are from wood Sengon bending strength 425 325 kg / cm2 (probe grade IV to 679 350 kg / cm2 (strong class III. The use of technology should pay attention to the position of the bearing laminated wood. Wood with strong higher class should be put on the outside position to provide reinforcement for the wood with a powerful low grade placed in the position.

  1. MAKNA KEJAHATAN STRUKTURAL KORUPSI DALAM PERSPEKTIF TEORI STRUKTURASI ANTHONY GIDDENS

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    Imadah Thoyibbah

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Corruption is the reality of crime that can not be separated from the structure and human agency. The perspective of structuration theory emphasizes the duality relation between agents and structures. The structure includes the rules and resources and the social systems are mobilized in space-time by the social agents. Corruption as a structural crime involving micro structures and macro structures. First, corruption is a crime that occurs due to banality (omission/habituation whose motive is greed, dishonesty, arrogance, pettiness, shallowness of thought and the subjective satisfaction. Motifs are encased in a system of production and reproduction of social activity that is dialectic. Secondly, corruption is sustained by the conditions of a globalized modernity as a result of events like the separation of time and spice, the development of disembedding mechanism of localized context, and the reflexive appropriation of knowledge. Agents are those that have a value of intervention (effect against a corrupt act. Various efforts to justify acts of corruption is a form of rationalization of actions by human agents as creative and reflexive beings. Their motive is to avoid moral responsibility and social law. Social change can be done by 'deroutinization' of structure or distancing by reflexive monitoring of structure while constraining and enabling the seeds of corruption that involves the structure of signification, domination, and legitimation in the constitutions of society.

  2. Nilai dan Loyalitas Pelanggan Restoran: Aplikasi Pemodelan Persamaan Struktural (SEM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Firdaus

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 false false false MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language:#0400; mso-fareast-language:#0400; mso-bidi-language:#0400;} Customer value and loyalty in many cases are often examined by using descriptive analysis. The usage of structural analysis for such cases in Indonesia is still limited. This study aimed to analyze the customer value and loyalty in a restaurant. Structural equation modelling is used to investigate the relationship between value and loyalty, and the factors which influence the customer value and loyalty. This study shows the positive relationship between such variables. Image is the most siginificant factor which influence the customer value.

  3. PERUBAHAN VIABILITAS DAN STRUKTUR SUBSELULER SPERMATOZOA DOMBA SETELAH PENGERINGBEKUAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Takdir Saili

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Several methods i.e. cooling, freezing, and freeze-drying have been widely used to preserve spermatozoa with various degree of success. Freeze-drying appears to provide a method to preserve spermatozoa in a dry state without requiring liquid nitrogen for storing frozen spermatozoa. Freeze-drying procedures can have a detrimental effect on plasma membrane and acrosomal cap of the spermatozoa. In this experiment study, the viability and subcellular changes of freeze-dried ram spermatozoa were evaluated using staining method and scanning electron microscopy. The results revealed that all freeze-dried spermatozoa were dead following evaluation using eosin staining and Hoechst-propidium iodide staining methods. Morover, plasma membrane and acrosomal cap of freeze-dried ram spermatozoa was disrupted observed using scanning electron microscope.

  4. STRUKTUR KOMUNITAS FITOPLANKTON DI DANAU TOBA, SUMATERA UTARA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arif Rahman

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Lake Toba is the largest lake in Indonesia, located in the Province of North Sumatra. Lake Toba is used to aquaculture, agricultural, tourism, and residential areas. These activities will produce organic and anorganic matter that can affect water quality and can cause eutrophication. Some indicators of eutrophication are an increase in phytoplankton biomass and changes in phytoplankton community structure. The aim of this study was to describe the phytoplankton community structure in Lake Toba. This study was conducted on 20-24 October 2014 at 23 stations around the Samosir Island, Lake Toba. The results showed that the phytoplankton abundance ranged 216-68.319.716 cells/m3. The phytoplankton composition consists of 35 genera from four classes: Cyanophyceae, Chlorophyceae, Bacillariophyceae, and Dinophyceae. Chyanophyceae is a dominant phytoplankton groups based on the composition of abundance (>40%. Structure of phytoplankton communities in Lake Toba dominated by Anabaena.

  5. Pengaruh Struktur Kepemilikan Terhadap Profitabilitas Perusahaan Manufaktur di Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yulius Ardy Wiranata

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of ownership structure on profitability in the manufacturing sector. Independent variables used for this study are consisted of foreign ownership, government ownership, managerial ownership, institusional ownership, family ownership. Profitability is measured by ROA (Return On Assets, while firm size and leverage are used as the control variables. This study is used 224 samples of manufacturing companies listed in Indonesian Stock Exchange for the period 2010-2011. The results show that foreign ownership and leverage have a positive and significant effect to profitability. Family ownership has a negative and significant effect to profitability. However, government ownership, managerial ownership, institutional ownership and firm size have no influence to profitability.

  6. Pengaruh Struktur Kepemilikan Dan Ukuran Perusahaan Terhadap Pengungkapan Manajemen Risiko

    OpenAIRE

    Prayoga, Edo Bangkit; Almilia, Luciana Spica

    2013-01-01

    Every company inevitably face risk in terms of financial risk or operational risk. In an uncertain economic situation, risk management is one way to reduce and deal with any risk that the company may face. This study aimed to analyze the effect of managerial ownership, domestic institutional ownership, foreign institutional ownership, public ownership and firm size on the risk management disclosure. The population used here was secondary data from the Indonesia Stock Exchange (BEI), i.e. ...

  7. Den danske brødindustri: Struktur, teknologi, forskningsbehov

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kvistgaard, Morten; Plichta, Kirsten; Rasmussen, Ole

    1993-01-01

    Executive summary: 1) Up through the eighties the Danish bread industry has experienced an important structural development. This development is a result of changing consumer patterns in the bread market, where the consumption of traditional dark and white bread is declining, and consumption of new...

  8. Siklus Hidup Perusahaan sebagai Determinan Struktur Organisasi: Suatu Pendekatan Kontinjensi

    OpenAIRE

    Habbe, Abdul Hamid

    2003-01-01

    This paper discusses the determinant factors in the organizational structure as the design contingency theory perspective. This paper assumes that no single best way in the organizational structure as the design expert opinion classics (such as Weber, Taylor, Fayol). Design of effective and efficient organization structure strongly related to contextual variables. Centralized organizational structure, specialized, standardized, formalized, configured, differentiated, complex, extensive con...

  9. Struktur Komunitas Artropoda pada Ekosistem Padi tanpa Perlakuan Pestisida

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eddy Mahrub

    1998-07-01

    Full Text Available Generally, rice ecosystem was les stable because the structure of natural community often change, and it may cause decrease in the natural biodiversity. The research has been done in the lowland ricefield during wet and dry season without pesticides application. Observation was started when the plant (IR64 was 7 days old after transplanting with interval of 8 days until one week before harvest, to collect the arthropods from each samples. The objectives were to study the structure of community of arthropods during wet and dry season and to study food web chain in natural ecosystem and its implementation in the Integrated Pest Management Program. The results showed that in rice ecosystem four arthropod groups or guilds, was found i.e. Pests, Predators, Parasites and Neutral Arthropods. The diversity and species abundance of arthropods were high but the highest abundance of arthropods was found on the member of certain order and family only. The population of pest was lower than predator. The relative abundance of pests were 5.75% in wet season and 8.57% in dry season, while predators were 27.96% in wet season and 33.88% in dry season. The population density of spider predators especially Lycosa sp. during wet and dry season were very high. It was supported by the abundant of neutral arthropods as alternate prey when the pest population was very low. This condition may support negative feed back interaction and increase the potential of natural control in the absence of pesticide application. Key words: predator, parasite, neutral arthropod

  10. Pengaruh Keputusan Keuangan dan Struktur Kepemilikan terhadap Nilai Perusahaan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Akbar

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This  research examines the effect of  financial decision (debt policy, dividend policy and investment  and  ownership structure (insider ownership and institutional ownership to  firm value. This study  used  96 firm-year samples of firms listed  in Indonesian Stock Exchange during 2002 until 2006. Data are analyzed using multivariate regression method. The result of this research indicated that the debt policy, dividend policy, insider ownership  are not  significantly affect to  the firm value. The effect of investment  to firm value is positively  significant but  institutional ownweship is negatively significant.

  11. Tühistada MRP! / Heino Otsmaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Otsmaa, Heino

    1989-01-01

    Moskvas Rahvasaadikute kongressil moodustatud saadikute komisjonist MRP-le õigusliku ja poliitilise hinnangu andmiseks. Lev Bezõmenski artiklist "1939. aasta alternatiivid" ajakirjas "Novoje Vremja"

  12. La{sub 0,7}Sr{sub 0,3}MnO{sub 3} thin layers on SrTiO{sub 3}(001) substrate. Structure and Mn valence; La{sub 0,7}Sr{sub 0,3}MnO{sub 3}-Duennschichten auf SrTiO{sub 3}(001)-Substrat. Struktur und Mn-Wertigkeit

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Riedl, Thomas

    2007-07-01

    nadelfoermigen Zwillingsdomaenen besteht. Aus hochaufgeloesten Raster-TEM-Abbildungen mit den unter grossem Winkel gestreuten Elektronen geht hervor, dass die LSMO/STO-Grenzflaechen eine kohaerente, gelegentlich mit Elementarzellenstufen versehene Gitterstruktur aufweisen. Insbesondere vermitteln die Stufen (Einfach- und Mehrfachstufen) die wellige Struktur der LSMO/STO-Multilagen. Schliesslich wird gezeigt, dass die mit konvergenter Beugung bestimmte Fehlorientierung zwischen LSMO-Schicht und STO-Substrat bei geringer Dicke der TEM-Lamelle die erwartete Netzebenenneigung der Zwillinge uebersteigt. Dafuer wird eine nachtraegliche Relaxation der LSMO-Schicht waehrend der Ionenduennung verantwortlich gemacht. (orig.)

  13. Synthesis of the phase with T sub c =110 K in Bi(Pb)-Sr-Ca-Cu-O superconducting ceramics. Sintez fazy T sub c =110 K sverkhprovodyashchej keramiki sostava Bi(Pb)-Sr-Ca-Cu-O

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dubovitskij, A V; Makarov, E F; Makova, M K; Merzhanov, V A; Topnikov, V N [AN SSSR, Moscow (USSR). Inst. Khimicheskoj Fiziki

    1991-05-01

    Synthesis of 110 K single-phase bismuth ceramics (BiPb){sub 2}Sr{sub 2}Ca{sub n-1}Cu{sub n}O{sub x} was conducted in narrow temperature and time range. Diffusion of bismuth ions is proposed to be the decisive factor of synthesis of bismuth ceramics. The diffusion depends on prehistory of basic burden preparation and on its dispersivity and homogeneity in particluar. Optimal time of synthesis for lead doped ceramics of 2223 composition, synthesized from initial nitrate components, is equal to 65 h at 850 deg C. The role of Pb{sup 2+} ions is probably reduced to decrease of diffusion mobility of Bi{sup 3+} ions over the bismuth sublattice. Ceramics doping with CdO and CdCl{sub 2} compounds instead of lead stabilizes superconductivity in bismuth ceramics, but with worth superconducting parameters.

  14. Pengaruh faktor ukuran, pertumbuhan, risiko keuangan, struktur aktiva dan non debt tax shield perusahaan terhadap struktur modal pada Bursa Efek Enam Negara ASEAN

    OpenAIRE

    Situmorang, Christina Verawaty

    2015-01-01

    The objective of the research was to analyze the influence of some factors such as measurement, growth, financial risk, assets structure, and non debt tax shield simultaneously and partially on the capital structure of a real estate company. The population was 285 real estate companies listed in the Stock Exchanges of six ASEAN countries : Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam in 2011, and 210 of them with 210 analysis units were used as the samples, using purposiv...

  15. Piranti Lunak Pengujian Struktur Matematika Grup, Ring, Field Berbasis Osp (Open Source Program

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ngarap Im Manik

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This design of a computer software is a development and continuation of the software made on the previous research (2009/2010. However, this further research developed and expanded the scopes of testing more on the Siclic Group, Isomorphism Group, Semi Group, Sub Group and Abelian Group, Factor Ring, Sub Ring and Polynomial Ring; developed on the OSP (Open Source Program-based. The software was developed using the OSP-based language programming, such Java, so it is open and free to use for its users. This research succeeded to develop an open source software of Java program that can be used for testing specific mathematical Groups, such Ciclic Group, Isomorphism Group, Semi Group, Sub Group and Abelian Group, and Rings, Commutative Ring, Division Ring, Ideal Sub Ring, Ring Homomorphism, Ring Epimorphism and Fields. By the results, the software developed was able to test as same as the results from manual testing.

  16. ANALISIS STRUKTUR AKTANSIAL DAN FUNGSIONAL DALAM VOYAGE AUCENTREDELA TERRE KARYA JULES VERNE

    OpenAIRE

    Ade Yolanda Latjuba, Dr. M.A

    2017-01-01

    Berdasarkan hasil analisis, maka dapat disimpulkan sebagai berikut: 1. Roman Voyage au centre de la terre menceritakan tentang Prof. Lidenbrock, Axel, dan Hans Bjelke melakukan perjalanan luar biasa menuju pusat bumi berdasarkan petunjuk dari Ame Saknussemm yang Axel dan si Professor dapatkan secara tidak sengaja terselip di dalam sebuah buku tua karya Snorre Tarlesson. 2. Prof. Lidenbrock, Axel dan Hans Bjelke memulai perjalanan mereka menuju pusat bumi dengan cara menuruni gunung bera...

  17. PENGARUH STRUKTUR KEPEMILIKAN TERHADAP KEMUNGKINAN KESULITAN KEUANGAN PADA BURSA EFEK INDONESIA

    OpenAIRE

    Indra Hastuti

    2015-01-01

    Financial distresses have strong relationships with the company’s bankruptcy. The financial distress can be predicted by using information contained in the financial statements and the company’s corporate governance mechanisms. The purpose of this study is to prove the effect of ownership structure, liquidity ratios, leverage ratios, activity ratios, and the size of the company to possible financial distress of manufacturing companies in Indonesia Stock Exchange. Populations of this study are ma...

  18. Struktur, Reaktivität und Photophysik von Kupfer(I)-Komplexen

    OpenAIRE

    Nitsch [geb. Lube], Jörn S.

    2015-01-01

    In der Arbeit wurden die Strukturen, Reaktivitäten und die Photophysik von verschiedenen Kupfer(I)-Komplexen untersucht. Dazu wurden zunächst Kupfer(I)-Halogenid und -Pseudohalogenid Verbindungen der Typen [CuX] und [Cu2I2] mit Phenanthrolin und dessen Derivaten sowohl strukturell als auch photophysikalisch detailliert charakterisiert. Diese Verbindungen weisen eine breite XMLCT-Absorption zwischen 450-600 nm und Emissionsbanden zwischen 550-850 nm im Festkörper auf. Es zeigte sich für diese...

  19. Pengaruh Massa Zn Dan Temperatur Hydrotermal Terhadap Struktur Dan Sifat Elektrik Material Graphene

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Rizki Ilhami

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Kemajuan teknologi yang sangat berkembang pada saat ini membutuhkan material yang tidak hanya kecil ataupun ringan, tetapi juga memiliki sifat thermal, elektrik, dan mekanik yang baik. Graphene adalah material yang dapat menjawab kebutuhan hal tersebut. Permasalahan yang kemudian muncul adalah proses sintesis massal yang masih menjadi kendala. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mensintesis material graphene dengan metode hydrothermal dan menggunakan serbuk Zn sebagai reduktor. Penelitian ini menganalisa pengaruh varaiasi penambahan massa sebesar 0,8 gram, 1,6 gram, dan 2,4 gram zinc serta variasi temperatur hydrthermal 160ᵒC, 180ᵒC, 200ᵒC. Proses karakterisasi material graphene dilakukan dengan pengujian Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM, X-Ray Diffraction (XRD, Fourier Transform Infraredspectroscopy, Thermo Gravimetric Analysis/Differential Scanning Calorimetry (TGA/DSC, dan Four Point Probe digunakan untuk mengetahui nilai konduktivitas elektrik material. Morfologi dari graphene yang dihasilkan berbentuk lembaran-lembaran transparan dan tipis yang saling menumpuk.Semakin banyak serbuk Zn yang diberikan menjadikan permukaan graphene semakin tipis. Nilai konduktivitas elektrik terbesar dihasilkan dari variasi panambahan serbuk zinc sebesar 2,4 gram dan temperatur hydrothermal sebesar 180ᵒC dengan nilai sebesar 0,012526 S/cm.

  20. Studi Hubungan Struktur Mikro dan Keaktifan Zeolit Alam Akibat Proses Pengasaman

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Made Cuaca Vahindra Suriawan

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Natural zeolite is known as metal pollutant adsorbent in industrial waste treatment. As initial study for utilization ofnatural zeolite from Indonesia for metal pollutants adsorbent in liquid waste, then the physical properties should berecognized first. Activation is the first step in order to the natural zeolite able to adsorb the metal pollutants in the waste.One method to activate is by applying acid solution such as sulfuric acid (H2SO4 to activate the natural zeolite. The purposeof this research is to observe the change on microstructure of natural zeolite obtained from the mining at Tasikmalaya, WestJava, Indonesia due to chemical activated, to be compared to one without chemical activation. The variation of concentrationof H2SO4 namely: 2 4 , 6, 8, and 10 % , with 30 minutes soaking time , in a room temperatur. The microstructure then isobserved by using optical microscope following standard for ceramography. The change in microstructure then is analyzedand studied to be related with the ability of natural zeolite in adsorb the metal pollutant. The level activity of the zeolite canbe recognized by measuring its porosity.

  1. Studi Komparasi Antara Pracetak Masif Dan Fly Slab Studi Kasus : Struktur Gedung Rusunawa Surakarta

    OpenAIRE

    Wirawan, Aria; Wicaksono, Budi; Nuroji, Nuroji; Partono, Windu

    2013-01-01

    Fly slab is one of the precast concrete slab technological development that has been researched and patented by Ir . Sulistyana in 2011. The concept is how to reduce the mass of precast concrete slab with makes ribs on the concrete slab. To minimize the volume of concrete plate and while maintaining tensile area to makes the style transfer mechanism of concrete to reinforcement or otherwise, are expected to reduce the mass of the structure without reducing strength.Comparative study will be c...

  2. Munajat Dalam Tarekat Naqsyabandiah Babussalam Langkat: Kajian Terhadap Fungsi, Makna Teks, Dan Struktur Melodi

    OpenAIRE

    Nasution, Wiwin Syahputra

    2012-01-01

    This study focused on the analysis of form, function and meaning Munajat as ideology and the media in keeping the congregation Naqsyabandiah lineage in the village of Padang Tualang Besilam Langkat District, North Sumatra Province. The study was conducted to provide a thorough understanding of the role of the congregation chanting Munajat Naqsyabandiah used as a sign of the entry of Fajr prayers, Maqhrib and Friday prayers. As the creator and the civilizing traditions of chanting Munajat read...

  3. Den danske frugt- og grøntbranche - Struktur, teknologi, forskningsbehov

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Plichta, Kirsten; Rossen, Lone; Skovboe, Pernille

    Executive summary 1. In the decade between 1981-91, the production value of the Danish fruit and vegetable industry increased by over 100%. In 1991, it stood at just under DKK 2.8 bn, corresponding to about 2.8% of the total production value of the Danish food sector. 2. The value added...... frozen and refrigerated products depends largely on trends in buyer preferences, the demands, needs and power of the retail trade, the development and diffusion of complementary technologies (deepfreeze and refrigerated counters), together with the costs of using them. Since developments in refrigeration...... in the fruit and vegetable industry in 1991 was 38%, which was somewhat higher than for the food sector as a whole. 3. The structural reorganisation of the fruit and vegetable industry carried out between 1981-91 reduced the number of firms from 23 in 1981 to only 14 in 1991. This only affected firms...

  4. KONSEP PAKAIAN JOGJA FASHION WEEK CARNIVAL DALAM STRUKTUR SOSIAL DI YOGYAKARTA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deni Setiawan

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The Jogja Fashion Week Carnival (JFWC is related to various agendas of the local government in Yogyakarta, particularly in industrial and tourism sectors. The JFWC event is correlated to the domestic industries in which one of them has a positive impact upon the progress and the existence of this industry in order to reduce the rate of import from outside Yogyakarta. In another domain, the use of public space, which is often done by JFWC event, gives entertainment and cultural education to the people, thus this event is useful and appropriate if it is held as a routine agenda for the existence of the tourism industry in Yogyakarta. The education given to the people includes the global warming issue, the treatment and utilization of hazardous waste, and the important role of JFWC event in an attempt to create clothing trend centre in Yogyakarta. The dialectics of JFWC clothes can be seen as a process of cultural diplomacy locally, nationally, and internationally. In addition, the existence of JFWC clothes can be viewed as a sustainability phenomenon of contemporary artworks in Indonesia.

  5. HUBUNGAN STRUKTUR KEPEMILIKAN DAN EXTERNAL MONITORING TERHADAP AGENCY COST DAN ALIRAN KAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yustina Ade

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Capital credit was credit given by private/government public bank to solve theproblem of liquidation on companies. In a small company, inhibiting liquidation andinformation which was asymmetric influenced manpower recruitment, especially in managerlevel and it could make adverse selction problem. In agency theory, it was mentioned thatagency problem could appear if there was a different self-interest between (1 capital ownerand manager (2 capital owner and bank. This research was aimed to analyze if ownershipstructure and external monitoring had influence to agency cost and whether agency cost hadinfluence to cash flow. The samples of this research were small companies running inmanufatures, corporation, and which got capital credit. Samples taken were 101 companiesand the analyzes method used was SEM. This research concluded that agency cost was in smallcompanies that the manager was not the capital owner, but there was no indication of moralhazard.

  6. Pengaruh Kondisi Perawatan Pada Kekuatan Dan Struktur Mikro Beton Memadat Sendiri Dengan Volume Abu Terbang Tinggi

    OpenAIRE

    Sondakh, Chichilya S.P; Manalip, H; Wallah, S

    2016-01-01

    In the process of normal concrete casting is often to experience constraints due to the distance between the reinforcement is too dense, so it can resulting segregation. Therefore the last few years started to develop Self Compacting Concrete (SCC). SCC is a concrete that is able to solidify themselves with fairly high of slump. In contrast to normal concrete, the composition of cement that needed in the mix design of SCC more than the normal concrete's. This is also often used as research to...

  7. PRINSIP KEHATI-HATIAN DALAM KONSISTENSI PENERBITAN KEBIJAKAN PPAP SEBAGAI UPAYA MENCIPTAKAN STRUKTUR PERBANKAN YANG SEHAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johannes Ibrahim

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Banks are intermediary institutions that play a role in improving the quality of life, in which the bank to collect funds from the public in the form of savings and channel them back in the form of loans. Given the role and functions of the bank are very strategic, and management of the bank should do well. Good bank management should refer to the statutory provisions and adhere to the prudential  principle. One form of management of the bank in an effort to create a healthy banking-based risk management is to make Establishment Allowance for Earning Assets (PPAP for non-performing loans. Establishment Allowance for Earning Assets (PPAP on its implementation should be done consistently, so the need for intensive supervision of Bank Indonesia and the importance of coherence of legislation that serves as an umbrella act for the general operations of the bank Keywords: Prudential Principle, PPAP and Banking Structure.

  8. KARAKTERISTIK PERUSAHAAN DAN RISIKO BISNIS TERHADAP STRUKTUR MODAL PADA PERUSAHAAN OTOMOTIF

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sugeng Haryanto

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The company financial management should be able to meet the needs of the funds that would be used to operateor expand their businesses. Financing the use of corporate funds was faced to a choice: debt or raise capital withthe level of consequence risk of each. Consideration of a company was choosing the source of funds in anefficient and profitable enterprise for both current and for the foreseeable future. It considered that the choice ofthe source of the funds would have an impact on corporate performance in the future, namely funding responsibilityof the company. The objective of this study was to analyze the influence of company characteristics andbusiness risk significantly influenced capital structure, to determine the effect of the variable characteristics ofcompanies and business risk simultaneously on the company’s capital structure, to determine the variables ofcompany characteristics and business risk simultaneously toward the company capital structure, to know thevariables that had most dominant impact toward capital structure. The results of the analysis showed theintensity of DOL assets, sales growth, profitability (ROA affected the company’s capital structure, while thevariable of ROA had dominant contribution. Free variables simultaneously affected the capital structure.

  9. Die Struktur von schlankem Materialfluss mit Lean Production Kanban und Innovationen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scheid, Wolf-Michael

    In der Literatur wird Materialfluss überwiegend in Spezialdisziplinen betrachtet, etwa der Steuerungslogik, der Logistiktechnik oder dem Supply Chain Management. Ein charakterisierendes Merkmal des Materialflusses ist jedoch, dass er sich aus vielfältigen Einzelbausteinen zusammensetzt, die alle harmonisch abgestimmt sein müssen. Die maximal erreichbare Effizienz wird nicht durch Höchstleistungen in dem einen oder anderen Spezialthema bestimmt, sondern durch das schwächste Glied im gesamten komplexen Netzwerk. Den Schnittstellen zwischen den betroffenen Fachbereichen in einem Unternehmen kommt hier eine ganz besondere Bedeutung zu: Erst ein harmonischer Einklang ermöglicht hohe Effektivität. Dies setzt umfassendes Verständnis für interdisziplinäre Notwendigkeiten, ein hohes Maß an Abstimmung mit den operativen Prozessen und letztlich einen einvernehmlichen Umgang und den Respekt vor den Problemstellungen des Anderen voraus.

  10. Pengaruh Variasi Kadar Zn Dan Temperatur Hydrotermal Terhadap Struktur Dan Nilai Konduktivitas Elektrik Material Graphene

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lita Nur Azizah

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Graphene adalah bentuk 2D dari karbon dengan sifat-sifat unggul yang menarik untuk dikembangkan. Permasalahan yang kemudian muncul adalah proses sintesis massal yang masih menjadi kendala. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mensintesis material graphene secara kimiawi dengan menggunakan reduktor zinc dan metode hydrothermal dan menganalisa pengaruh varaiasi penambahan massa sebesar 0,8 gram, 1,6 gram, dan 2,4 gram zinc serta variasi temperatur hydrthermal 160ᵒC, 180ᵒC, 200ᵒC. Proses karakterisasi material graphene dilakukan dengan pengujian Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM, X-Ray Diffraction (XRD, Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy, Uji Iodine number, dan Four Point Probe digunakan untuk mengetahui nilai konduktivitas elektrik material. Morfologi dari graphene yang dihasilkan berbentuk lembaran-lembaran transparan dan disertai dengan kerutan pada permukaannya. Nilai konduktivitas elektrik terbesar dihasilkan dari variasi panambahan serbuk zinc sebesar 0,8 gram dan temperatur hydrothermal sebesar 200ᵒC dengan nilai sebesar 0,10281 S/cm dan bilangan iodine 11384,64.

  11. Distribusi Spasial Dan Struktur Komunitas Plankton Di Daerah Teluk Penerusan, Kabupaten Buleleng

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ni Made Dewi Damayanti

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Research spatial distribution and community structure of plankton in the Penerusan bay has been done on 22 February 2016.Plankton samples were taken at 17 stations using the Horizontal haul. The results obtained by the group of phytoplankton of the most widely found are from class Bacillariophyceae with the abundance of species composition percentage of 77% and the group most zooplankton were found came from class Maxillopoda with the percentage of the species composition of 85%. Highest abundance of phytoplankton found in abundance station 5, while the highest abundance of zooplankton found in abundance station 4. Index values diversity, uniformity and dominance of phytoplankton that is 1,06, 0.40 and 0.11 while the index value of diversity, uniformity and dominance zooplankton are 0.52,0.40 and 0.34. Results of the spatial distribution of phytoplankton abundance scattered in the middle of the bay towards the outside while the spatial distribution of zooplankton abundance spread from the south of the bay towards the middle of the bay and to the north of the bay Forwarding. Water quality in Penerusan Bay of physicists chemical parameters such as temperature obtained ranged from 31.1to 32,5 0C, average brightness obtained 87 %, turbidity obtained ranges between 0,73 to 2.62 ntu, dissolved oxygen (DO obtained ranged from 6 to 8.3 mg/l , the degree of acidity (pH obtained ranged from 7.17 to 8.04, salinity obtained ranged from 31-35 ppt, nitrate values obtained ranged from 0.60 to 1.83 mg/l and phosphate values obtained ranged from 0.10 to 0.78 mg/l.

  12. Struktur Biaya dan Profitabilitas Usaha Tani Kacang Tanah di Desa Pulahenti Kecamatan Sumalata Kabupaten Gorontalo Utara

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuriko Boekoesoe

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to determine the cost structure of the peanut farm in the village of Pulahenti and to determine the profitability of farming in the village Pulahenti peanuts. The method used in this study is a survey method consists of primary data obtained through interviews with peanut farmers using questionnaires / questionnaire and secondary data obtained from the Office of Rural Pulahenti and BPS. sampling technique is done by using the method of sampling saturated or where all members of a population census respondents sampled farmers. Analysis of the data used is the cost of farming, farm receipts, farm profits, and analysis of R / C ratio. Results of data analysis showed that the cost structure of the peanut farm in the village Pulahenti consisting of a fixed fee that includes the cost of land taxes, depreciation of equipment, and wage labor in the family and the variable costs include the cost of seeds, fertilizers, medicines, and wage labor work outside the family. The average profitability of peanut farm profitability in the Village Pulahenti of Rp. 4.859.992,5/ farmers with the R / C ratio of Rp. 1,86. Based on the criterion value R / C ratio of more than one meaning can be said peanut farm in the village of Pulahenti profitable and worth the effort

  13. PENGARUH STRUKTUR MODAL, UKURAN PERUSAHAAN, DAN KEBIJAKAN DIVIDEN TERHADAP KOEFISIEN RESPON LABA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nana Novianti

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this research is to empirically examine the influence of the capital structure, firm size and dividend policy of the earnings response coefficients and the influence of conservatism accounting as moderation variable. Techniques of data analysis in this study used moderated regression Analysis. The results of this study showed that partially results of the study showed that capital structure and firm size had negatif and significant effect on earnings response coefficients, but the dividend policy had not significant effect on earnings response coefficients. Capital structure had does not affect accounting conservatism moderated the earnings response coefficient; firm size moderated accounting  conservatism and dividend policy had an affect on moderated  accounting conservatism effect on earnings response coefficientsDOI: 10.15408/etk.v13i2.1882

  14. Sémantické slapy v textových strukturách

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Hřebíček, Luděk

    2007-01-01

    Roč. 68, č. 2 (2007), 83-90 ISSN 0037-7031 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z90210515 Keywords : semantic (contextual) weight of lexical units * Menzerath-Altmann´s law * text theory Subject RIV: AI - Linguistics

  15. Penerapan Fungsi Humas Sesuai Struktur Organisasi Perusahaan (Studi Di Hotel Gran-puri Manado)

    OpenAIRE

    Kindangen, Erwino Fially

    2015-01-01

    Era globalisasi Komunikasi dan Informasi dewasa ini membuat peran Hubungan Masyarakat (Humas) menjadi sangat penting mengingat fungsinya sebagai “jembatan penghubung” untuk mengkomunikasikan apa yang menjadi kebijakan pihak manajemen di satu sisi dan keinginan publik di sisi lain, baik internal maupun eksternal.Mengingat pentingnya fungsi dan peranan dari Hubungan Masyarakat di dalam suatu organisasi atau lembaga USAha ini sehingga dapat dimaklumi ketika Bapak Humas modern Ivy Ledbetter Lee m...

  16. Structure and lattice dynamics in non-centrosymmetric borates; Struktur und Gitterdynamik in azentrischen Boraten

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stein, W.D.R.

    2007-04-23

    This thesis deals with a study of structural and lattice dynamical properties of some noncentrosymmetric borates with outstanding non-linear optical properties. The focus was on the compound bismuth triborate (BiB{sub 3}O{sub 6}). The structure of the tetraborates MB{sub 4}O{sub 7} (M=Pb,Sr,Ba) was also investigated. The structural investigations in bismuth triborate include powder and single crystal diffraction experiments on X-ray and neutron sources. The crystal structure was under examination in the temperature range from 100 K to room temperature and the lattice constants in the temperature range from 20 K to 800 K. The lattice constants show a nearly linear dependency from temperature. Our observations are in good agreement with investigations of the thermal expansion, which shows a strong anisotropy within the layer-like structure of bismuth triborate. Within the borate layers, along the polar axis a strong positive and in the orthogonal direction a negative thermal expansion is observed. This effect can be explained by a zig-zag effect within the borate layers. The lone electron pair at the bismuth atom is discussed to be possibly the origin of the temperature dependency of the coordination environment of the bismuth atom. The influence of the lone electron pair on the crystal structure is raising by lowering the temperature. At the bismuth atom distinct anharmonic effects are observed, where the maximum points along the direction of the polar axis and therefore along the direction of the lone electron pair. The phonon dispersion of bismuth triborate has been investigated by inelastic neutron scattering. The low symmetry of the crystal structure depicts to be a special challenge. The dispersion was observed along the three reciprocal lattice constants. Along the polar axis the dispersion could be characterized to a maximum energy of 20 THz. The low energy acoustic branch along the polar axis shows a softening at the zone boundary. In the orthogonal directions the dispersion was investigated to a maximum energy of 10 THz. For experimental phonon dispersion several lattice dynamical models are discussed. A shell model with angular forces and additional force constants could describe the phonon dispersion with an averaged deviation of 0.234 THz. The crystal structure of the tetraborates was investigated at room temperature and in addition for the barium and lead compound at 100 K. The comparison of the structure of the isostructural compounds SrB{sub 4}O{sub 7} and PbB{sub 4}O{sub 7} shows a noticeable shift of the lead against the strontium position, which as a result of the similar ion radii of the two ions could be assigned to the lone electron pair at the lead atom. The comparison of the crystal structure at low temperature shows similar to bismuth triborate an increase of the influence of the lone electron pair at lower temperatures. In barium tetraborate two different bond valence sums of the two crystallographic different barium positions are observed. As its origin the strong internal stresses are discussed. (orig.)

  17. MAKNA VERBA MAJEMUK ~KIRU DALAM BAHASA JEPANG Kajian Struktur dan Semantis

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    Taqdir .

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The purpose of this paper is to know the structure of compound verb (V + V in Japanese. The structure is a forming of zenkoudoushi (first verb and koukoudoushi (second verb. The second verb is kiru. And the first verbs are joutai doushi (statis keizoukudoushi (contuinity, shunkandoushi (fungtual, and daiyoushudoushi (the four verb. This classification from the Kindaichi’s classification. As a single verb kiru means to cut, to slice, to decide, and to turn off. When it combined with other verbs, the verb kiru will form a compound verb which has several meanings. Commonly, compound verb kiru has two meanings, namely in terms of lexical meaning and syntactical meaning. Lexically, compound verb kiru means setsudan ‘cutting’ and shuketsu ‘ends/over’, while syntactically this verb means kyokudo ‘extraordinary/ infinite’ and kansui ‘perfective’. The compound verb ~kiru which attached to continuity (keizokudoushi has meaning as setsudan ‘cutting’, shuketsu ‘ends/over’, and kansui ‘perfective’, while when it is attached to the punctual verb (shuunkandoushi means kyokudo ‘extraordinary/ infinite’. Keyword : zenkoudoushi, koukoudoushi, compound verb, ~kiru  

  18. DETERMINAN STRUKTUR MODAL PADA SEKTOR KEUANGAN YANG LISTING DI BURSA EFEK INDONESIA

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    NI KETUT SUKASIH

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to investigate the influence of partial and simultaneous determinants of capital structure, including the cost of interest, dividend policy, size of the company, return on equity (ROE and return on investment (ROI and taxes paid in the financial sector. This research is limited to banking and lease corporation listing on the Indonesia Stock Exchange. Hypothesis is tested using multiple regression analysis and chow test. The results show that banking interest expense, dividend policy, company size, ROE, ROI and paid taxes simultaneously affect capital structure with adjusted R square value of 0.298 (29.8% which means that 29.8% of the variation in capital structure can be explained by the six independent variables, interest, dividend policy, company size, ROE, ROI and taxes while the remaining 70.2% is explained by other variables. Results of the lease obtain the adjusted R square of 0.353 (35.3% meaning that variation in capital structure can be explained by the six independent variables, while the remaining 64.7% is explained by other variables.

  19. KEPEMILIKAN MANAJERIAL, KEPEMILIKAN INSTITUSIONAL, DAN KINERJA KEUANGAN SEBAGAI PENENTU STRUKTUR MODAL PERUSAHAAN

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    Ida Maftukhah

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis pengaruh kepemilikan manajerial, kepemilikan institusional, pertumbuhan asset, ROA, DPR, net sales, fixed asset ratio dan corporate tax rate terhadap DER pada perusahaan manufaktur yang terdaftar di Bursa Efek Indonesia periode 2004-2008. Sampel yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah sepuluh perusahaan manufaktur. Metode pengambilan sampel dilakukan dengan menggunakan purposive sampling. Data yang diteliti diperoleh dari Indonesian Capital Market Directory (ICMD masing-masing perusahaan. Teknik analisis yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah analisis regresi linier berganda. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa variabel dummy untuk kepemilikan manajerial dan ROA berpengaruh negatif dan signifikan terhadap DER. Variabel pertumbuhan aset dan DPR berpengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap DER. Variabel kepemilikan isntitusional berpengaruh positif dan  signifikan terhadap DER. Sedangkan net sales, fixed asset ratio dan corporate tax rate berpengaruh positif dan tidak signifikan terhadap DER. Hasil penelitian juga menunjukkan nilai adjusted R2 sebesar 33,4%.  The objective of this research is to analyze the influence of managerial ownership, institutional ownership, asset growth, ROA, DPR, net sales, fixed asset ratio and corporate tax rate toward stock DER manufacturing company that listed on Indonesian Stock Exchange in the period of 2004-2008. Sample of this research consists of 10 manufacturing company. Purposive sampling methods were used as samples determining method. Data were provided by Indonesian Capital Market Directory (ICMD for each company. Analysis technique that used in this research is multiple linier regression. The result of this research shows that Managerial ownership as dummy variable and ROA have a negative and significant influence toward DER. Asset growth and DPR have a positive and significant influence toward DER. Institutional ownership have a positive and  significant influence toward DER. Otherwise net sales, fixed asset ratio and corporate tax rate have a positive and not significant influence toward DER. The result of this research shows that adjusted R2 is 33,4%

  20. STRUKTUR KOMUNITAS CACING PARASITIK PADA IKAN KEMBUNG (RASTRELLIGER SPP. DI PERAIRAN TELUK BANTEN DAN PELABUHAN RATU

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    Forcep Rio Indaryanto

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The short mackerel is the most commercially important small pelagic fish in Indonesia. Parasitism plays a central role in fish biology. Parasitism is a ubiquitous phenomenon in the marine environment and it is probable that all marine fishes are infected with parasites. Helminth parasitic of Rastrelliger spp. are Lechitocladium angustonum (Digenea: Hemiuridae, Lecitochirium sp. (Digenea: Hemiuridae, Prodistomum orientalis (Digenea: Lepocreadiidae and Anisakis typica (Nematodes: Anisakidae, with 90.12% of prevalence. They are not significant different of helminth parasitic abundance from R. kanagurta and R. brachysoma, but significant in helminth species richness. This different of helminth species richness was because of L. angustonum dominances. The different location wasn’t have significant different of helminth parasitic abundance because Indonesian in the tropical zone. Anisakis species in Java sea have a same genetic with Anisakis typical and not zoonotic parasite kategories. The fish digestion was a microhabitat for helminth parasitik because they have much food stuff. The fish growth have significant different in helminth parasitic abundance and intencity. This situation was because the fish immunity development and the food habit of fish.

  1. HUBUNGAN ANGGARAN PARTISIPASI, KECUKUPAN ANGGARAN, KOMITMEN ORGANISASI, MOIWASI DAN KINERJA MANAJERIAL DENGAN MODEL PERSAMAAN STRUKTURAL

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    Mohamad Nasir

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available This research objective is to study the effect of budget adequacy, organizational commitment, and motivation on the relationship between budget participation and managerial performance. Data collection used 201 respondents that managers participate in preparing budget in public listed in Indonesia.and its' colleted by using questionnaire. Data analyzed by using structural equation model. This study found that budget participation have positive influenced on budget adequacy, but negative influence on organizational commitment. Budget participation have positive influenced on motivation but not significant. Budget participation have positive influenced on managerial performance. Budget adequacy have negative on managerial performance. Organizational commitment have positive influenced on managerial performance. Motivation have positive influenced on managerial performance. Budget participation influences on managerial performance directly more significant than through budget adequacy, organizational commitment, and motivation. The future research suggests it can be used by measurement model. Keywords: budget participation, budget adequacy, organizational commitment, motivation, managerial performance, structural equation model.

  2. Pengenalan Ababil: Program Finite Element Analysis (FEA 3-Dimensi Untuk Struktur Rangka-Batang

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    Sugeng Waluyo

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Ababil is an open source computer program working on the basis offinite element method (FEM which is aimed to analyze frame structures. It is mainly designed as a solver without embedded pre-or/and post-processing units. Recently, the solver is compatible only for reading and writing in the Gmsh [1] pre- and post-processing software environment. The FEM kinematics formulation applied here is relied on the Timoshenko Beam Theory (TBT using linear shape function. Finally, the well-known FEM software MSC.Nastranis used to ensure the capability of Ababil in the prediction of frame deformation by means of FEMsimulation

  3. Untersuchung perturbativer und nichtperturbativer Struktur der Momente hadronischer Ereignisformvariablen mit den Experimenten JADE und OPAL

    CERN Document Server

    Pahl, Christoph Johannes

    2007-01-01

    In Hadronproduktionsdaten der e+e− - Vernichtungsexperimente JADE und OPAL messen wir die ersten f¨unf Momente von zw¨olf hadronischen Ereignisformvariablen bei Schwerpunktsenergien von 14 bis 207GeV. Aus dem Vergleich der QCD NLO-Vorhersage mit den mittels MC-Modellen um Hadronisierung korrigierten Daten erhalten wir den Referenzwert der starken Kopplung αs(MZ0) = 0.1254 ± 0.0007(stat.) ± 0.0010(exp.)+0.0009 −0.0023(had.)+0.0069 −0.0053(theo.) . F¨ur einige, insbesondere h¨ohere, Momente sind systematische Unzul¨anglichkeiten in der QCD NLO-Vorhersage erkenntlich. Simultane Fits an zwei Momente unter Annahme identischer Renormierungsskalen ergeben Skalenwerte von xμ=0.057 bis xμ=0.196 . Wir pr¨ufen Vorhersagen verschiedener nichtperturbativer Modelle. Aus der Single Dressed Gluon - N¨aherung ergibt sich eine perturbative Vorhersage in O(α5 s ) mit zu vernachl¨assigender Energiepotenzkorrektur, die den Mittelwert von Thrust auf Hadronniveau gut beschreibt mit αs(MZ0) = 0.1186 ± 0.0007(st...

  4. Recht und Rechtssystem als globale Struktur und Medium der Verhaltensorientierung / Raul Narits

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Narits, Raul, 1952-

    2008-01-01

    Äratr.: Multiple Modernität, Globalisierung der Rechtsordnung und Kommunikationsstruktur der Rechtssysteme : Internationales Symposium zur Theorie der Rechtskommunikation an der Universität Tartu im April 2006 ; II. Sonderheft Estland. Berlin, 2008, lk. 219-238. - (Rechtstheorie : Zeitschrift für Logik und Juristische Methodenlehre, Rechtsinformatik, Kommunikationsforschung, Normen- und Handlungstheorie, Soziologie und Philosophie des Rechts ; Bd. 38, 2007, H. 2/3)

  5. Pengaruh Profitabilitas, Resiko Keuangan, Nilai Perusahaan, Struktur Kepemilikan dan Dividend Payout Ratio terhadap Perataan Laba

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    Dika Fajar Pratama

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to test empirically the effect of profitability, financial risk, firm value, ownership structure and dividend payout ratio to income smoothing. The sample in this research are 33 manufacture companies that have been listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange in period of 2006 to 2009. Sample was obtained by purposive sampling method. Analysis tool uses regression analysis with logistic regression method.  The results of analysis indicate that profitability, financial risk, firm value, public ownership and dividend payout ratio do not influence income smoothing in manufacture companies except managerial ownership.

  6. Struktur Geologi dan Sebaran Batubara daerah Bentian Besar, Kabupaten Kutai Barat, Propinsi Kalimantan Timur

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    Asmoro Widagdo

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This study is a surface geological mapping work to determine the geological conditions in the study area and in particular the presence of coal of Bentian Besar District, West Kutai Regency, East Kalimantan Province. The goal is to determine the position and spread of coal layer, coal quality and quantity of coal resources in the study area. Research on the existence of coal deposits is done through field survey methods, by observing, define and measure elements of geological structures encountered. At this stage of field work carried identification, observation, measurement of the coal position and takes it sample. In the study area encountered 2 (two rock formations, Pamaluan, and Pulubalang Formation. Coal deposits found in rock unit known as Pulubalang Formation. Direction of the dip of the rock layers in the study area form a syncline structure. At this structure of the coal seam, there are three dip directions, namely: rocks on the southeast side of syncline axis tilted toward the northwest, rocks on the northwest side of the syncline axis tilted to the southeast, while the dip of the rocks on the southwest side Syncline tilted toward the northeast.

  7. Modelování struktur tvárné litiny

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Šenberger, J.; Musilová, I.; Bažan, J.; Million, Bořivoj; Dobrovská, J.; Kavička, F.; Stránský, K.

    2004-01-01

    Roč. 10, č. 3 (2004), s. 495-498 ISSN 1335-1532. [14. medzinárodná vedecká konferencia Iron and Steelmaking. 041013-041015, Malá Lučivná] R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GA106/04/1006; GA ČR(CZ) GA106/04/0949; GA ČR(CZ) GA106/03/0271 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z2041904 Keywords : thermodynamic model * ductile iron * Mn and Cu heterogeneity Subject RIV: JG - Metallurgy

  8. STRUKTUR ANATOMI DAN KUALITAS SERAT KAYU DAN AKAR GANTUNG BERINGIN (FICUS BENJAMINA LINN.

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    Krisdianto

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Beringin (Ficus benjamina Linn. is one of typical fast growing tree species which are commonly found in Indonesia. The trees grow with hanging roots which grow larger and often can merged with the main stem, then its timber is not optimally utilized. This paper studies the anatomical structure and fiber quality of main stem and large, medium, and small diameter of hanging roots of beringin (Ficus benjamina Linn. tree. Anatomical structure was observed macroscopically and microscopically, while fiber dimensions were measured from macerated samples. The results show that the anatomical structure pattern of the roots is similar with those of main stem, however the quantity and dimension of anatomical components of hanging roots are smaller and shorter than components of main stem. Likewise, the fiber dimensions of roots are shorter and thinner than those taken from the main stem. Based on fiber dimensions and its derivative value, beringin wood fibers are classified into class quality II for pulp and paper. The creamy white color with white streaky figure of beringin wood from main stem is recommended for indoor decoration products such as wooden venetian blind, while the small roots are recommended for strap or webbing material crafts.

  9. Pengaruh Pengalaman dan Pelatihan Auditor terhadap Struktur Pengetahuan Tentang Kekeliruan Auditor

    OpenAIRE

    Sri Haryanti, Caecilia

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to analyze the influence of auditor experience on knowledge of the error that occurred and analyze training on knowledge about the error that occurred. The study sample comprised 60 auditors covering large auditors, smalla uditors and students who have taken courses auditing. Size of sample size was determined using the formula Slovin, sampling techniques using simple random sampling. Multiple regression analysis is used to examine the effect of experience and t...

  10. Struktur mikroskopis kartilago epifisialis tibia fetus mencit (Mus musculus L. dari induk dengan perlakuan kafein

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    Heri Budi Santoso

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Caffeine affects activity of enzyme of polimerase DNA, induce the mitosis of cells mammal of before replication DNA ended the perfection, and also pursue the activity of enzyme fosfodiesterase is hence anticipated by a potential caffeine generate the developmental defect, for example can pursue the process of ossification endochondralis in growth plate. This present research studied the effect of caffeine gift by oral on pregnant dam during organogenesis to structure of histologi growth plate tibia foetus. Twenty four pregnant mice (6 per group were treated by gavage with 0 (control, 40, 80, 120 mg/kg b.w caffeine from gestation day 6 to 15. On day 18 of pregnancy, fetuses was removed from dams by caecarean section.. Observation of histological structure of the tibial growth plate preparation by paraffin method (Hematoxylin-Eosin staining. The result showed that caffeine cause slightened proliferative zone, maturation zone, and cartilage calcification zone on the mouse tibial growth plate.

  11. KONFLIK POLITIK INTERNAL KERAJAAN: PROLOG ISLAMISASI MASSIF DAN STRUKTURAL DI BIMA

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    Nurhilaliati Nurhilaliati

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Bima used to be well known as a producer of high quality spices, and attracted many traders from Sumatera, Sulawesi, and Java which then led Bimanese traders and people in general into a direct communication and interrelationship among traders from other places outside Bima. It in turn resulted in broader contact among different cultures, traditions, and religions. This was the starting point that Bimanese people began to be influenced by the new religion, Islam, which then attracted them to be its followers, Muslims.The process of coming and spreading of Islam in Bima ran through phases from an early contact with Muslim traders from outside Bima to a structural and massive islamization by the power of Bima Sultanate. Many factors played their respective roles in supporting or obscuring the process. But, above all other factors, political conflict among the ruling royals in Bima Kingdom was the most significant one. It was the conflict between Tureli Nggampo (Prime Minister Salisi and Jena Teke (crown prince, which then resulted in assassination on the later. Salisi declared himself the King of Bima. Next Jena Teke (younger brother of the killed first Jena Teke with the help of Gowa Sultanate took over Salisi’s crown. This political conflict can be considered a blessing in disguise in terms of it was the turning point and gateway of structural and massive islamization in Bima.

  12. PENGARUH STRUKTUR CORPORATE GOVERNANCE DAN KUALITAS AUDIT TERHADAP LUAS PENGUNGKAPAN KOMPENSASI MANAJEMEN KUNCI DI LAPORAN KEUANGAN

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    Stalsa Frani Akmyga

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Corporate governance has impacts on the disclosure of key management compensation in the financial statements through the application of the principle of transparancy. This research aims to analyze the impact of corporate governance structure, such as family ownership, managerial ownership and the effectiveness of the audit committee, as well as audit quality of key management compensation disclosures in the financial statements according to PSAK No. 7 (Revised 2010. The research using multiple regressions examined non-financial companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange in 2011. The research found that companies that are controlled by family and not part of a business group significantly affect management to comply with the mandatory disclosure related to key management compensation information in the financial statements. The research also found that the effectiveness of the audit committee significantly affects management to provide better information related to financial disclosures. Furthermore, the audit quality significantly increases the transparency of the compensation of key management related to PSAK No. 7 (Revised 2010.

  13. Forebyggende helbredsundersøgelser af gravide kvinder i Danmark. Struktur og tilrettelaeggelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, K V; Kristensen, F B; Andersen, A M

    1989-01-01

    examination and certain conditions of organization. The obstetricians could describe three different types of antenatal examinations depending upon the place and arrangement of work. The percentage replies received were 62 for general practice, 86 for the midwives and 62, 69 and 55 from the doctors...

  14. TRANSKRIPSI STRUKTUR PENYAJIAN LAKON RABINE PANJI PADA KELOMPOK WAYANG TOPENG TRADISI KEDUNGMONGGO MALANG

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    Endang Wara Suprihatin Suprihatin

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Malang is popular with one of its traditional dance that is Malang Puppet Mask (Wayang Topeng Malang, shortened into WTM. WTM has several characteristics, they are: (1 retelling Panji stories; (2 all dancers wear puppet mask with its own characters; (3 puppet master is usually performed by male and is responsible to tell stories and narrate the dialogs; (4 the stage has its definite patterns and cannot be changed according to the puppet master’s will. Panji’s stories and narration are based on folk lore so that the form and the structure are based on the puppet master’s memories, perception and variation, WTM artists, and the society. Sanggar Asmoro Bangun as one of WTM groups, located in Kedungmonggo village, Malang District, presents the dance into two versions, they are: (1 full duration to perform Rabine Panji (Panji’s Marroage; and (2 short version in performing Rabine Panji. Both versions influence several aspects in performing the dances, such as, the structure, the time, the scenes and the music.

  15. STRUKTUR SIMBOLIK TARI TOPENG PATIH PADA DRAMATARI WAYANG TOPENG MALANG DI DUSUN KEDUNGMONGGO

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    Soerjo Wido Mintarto

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Dramatari   Wayang  Topeng  Malang  reflects  the  life  style  of  the Malangese. They are believed to have historical relevance with the development Malang s oldest culture which was under the reign of Kanjuruhan Kingdom around 7th   century.  Topeng  Patih  dance,  the  opening  dance  of  the  traditional  theatre performance are closely related to the pattern of the show related to the space, time, and content. So the symbolic structuralist theoretical approach would be the chosen strategy to understand the symbolic internal meanings. The analysis indicates that the choreographic structure of Tari Topeng Patih consists of 7 elements: character, ritual, communication, body movement, make up and wardrobe art, instrument, and stage for the performance. All of them are oriented towards the grandeur of refined character or attitude

  16. SPK Rekomendasi Pemilihan Kandidat Pejabat Struktural Menggunakan Metode Profile Matching (Studi Kasus: Pemerintah Kota Tarakan

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    Ria Astriratma

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Through the State Civil Apparatus Law, the Government attempt to reduce nepotism by creating an open competition system among civil servants in the process of filling positions. Regional Civil Service Agency (BKD Tarakan already has personnel database and decision support system that can combine the existing database with the scoring model to get the candicate profile who fit with vacant positions is needed to support more objective performance. The Application of profile matching method in this decision support system is expected to help the candidate selection process on structural officer in the Government of Tarakan comply with the ability of a required field in a position. From the research we concluded that the change in the value of the candicate profile, and the number of subcriteria that used to categorize the positions can affect the closeness of candidates with vacant position and the use of profile matching method for case that the highest value is the best value requires that the ideal value used is the value the maximum in order to avoid exceeding the expectations of ideal.

  17. Zur Struktur der „Musikkultur des Ostseeraumes“ während des 17. Jahrhunderts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schwab, Heinrich Wilhelm

    2012-01-01

    Begrebet ”Østersøområdets musikkultur” stammer far svenkeren Carl-Allan Moberg (1957). Artiklen sammenstiller de vigtigste forudsættninger (geografisk, sprogligt, konfessionelt) og karakteristika af en regional, ikke national musikkultur: engagement af musiker i forskellige riger og byer (fx. Val....... Valentin Meder; Lübeck, København, Reval, Riga, Danzig), fælles repertoire. Undersøgelsen er koncentreret om de tre hovedcentrer: hof – by – land og deres genre-specifica (fx. italiensk opera, fransk kammermusik, polsk dansemusik, tyske / danske / svenske ”lieder”)....

  18. Studi Eksperimental Kekuatan dan Perilaku Sambungan Kolom pada Struktur DfD (Design for Disassembly

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    Intan Fitriani

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available DfD building system is a new approach in construction. Using DfD building system can reduce construction waste and reuse building components. This research examines the strength and behaviour of DfD column connections. Two types column connections were studied.The first connection employed H shaped steel elements bolted to the column while the second connection was bolt and plate connection. The behavior of columns with connections was compared to that of without connection. This study was carried out to investigate the strength, crack patterns, and failure mechanisms of precast concrete with dry joint on DfD column structure. All specimens were subject to normal force applied with an eccentricity of 67 mm. The test results indicate that both columns with connections were able to withstand design loads. This study also confirmed that the shear strength calculation of corbel based on SNI 03-2847-2002 section 13.9 was conservative to use as the value was still smaller than that obtained from this experiment.

  19. Struktur Komunitas Uca Sp Di Kawasan Teluk Benoa Pada Karakteristik Substrat Yang Berbeda

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    Ni Wayan Loviasari

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available The mangrove ecosystem is home to a variety of fauna, ranging from water animals to primates, as a breeding ground for a variety of aquatic animals such as fish, crustaceans, crabs and mollusks, as well as a place to feed a number of wildlife such as reptiles and mammals. Uca sp is one of the fauna that utilizes and helps mangrove in its ecological balance. This research was conducted on 3 mangrove areas with the purpose of knowing the types and structure of Uca sp community on different substrate characteristics, where in Mertasari mangrove have the type of sandy substrate, Muara Waduk Nusa Dua Denpasar has kind of sandy loam substrate and Tanjung Benoa has kind sandy substrate. The sampling time was conducted in December 2016 when the lowest tide of the month. Determination of stations taken at each research location (station using purposive sampling method. From the results of the study found Uca sp as many as 5 types, namely Uca cryptica, Uca dussumieri, Uca rosea, Uca cryptica and Uca crassipes. The highest density of Uca sp that is at station 2 located in Muara Waduk Nusa Dua Denpasar is 52,75 ind/m2 and lowest at station 3 in Tanjung Benoa get 32,25 ind /m2. The index values ??of the diversity of the three research stations are categorized into low diversity. In all three research stations categorized into uniformity index with depressed community or low uniformity. Based on the calculation on the three stations have a high dominance index.

  20. STRUKTUR EKONOMI, KESEMPATAN KERJA DAN KETIMPANGAN PENDAPATAN DI PROVINSI JAWA TENGAH

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    Suhartono Suhartono

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of article is to analyze the potential economic sectors, opportunity job and disparity income in Central Java. The methods using Location Quotient (LQ, Shift Share and Inequality Index Williamson. The results of LQ analysis shows that threre are potential sectors to be developed in the province of Central Java. They are agriculture, livestock, forestry and fisheries, mining and quarrying, electricity, gas and water supply, communications and transport sector, financial sector, leasing and banking services and the services sector. Shift Share analysis results that in the cities in Central Java province has been a shift or change in the economic structure of the primary sector to tertiary sector. Meanwhile, the calculation of income inequality shows that income inequality between regions in Central Java province is very high, Recommendations addressed to the local government to implement economic development with more attention to aspects of equitable distribution of income.

  1. Embriogenesis somatik anggrek bulan Phalaenopsis amabilis (L. Bl: struktur dan pola perkembangan

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    Edy Setiti Wida Utami

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Research of the structure and development pattern of somatic embryos from callus of leaf explants moon orchid Phalaenopsis amabilis (L Bl had been done. One year old of plantlets were used as explants sources. Basal leaf of these explants were cultured in Somatic Embryo Induction Medium (SEIM e.i.: NP(New Phalaenopsis medium added with 2 mg/L NAA, 1 mg/L BA, 10 g/L sucrose, and 2 g/L gellan gum. Then somatic embryos were transferred to EMM (Embryo Maturation Medium e.i.: NP medium added with 1 mg/L NAA, 1 mg/L BA, 10 g/L sucrose, and 2 g/L gellan gum. Finally, mature somatic embryo were transferred to NP medium without plant growth regulator as Embryo Germination Medium (EGM. The origin of somatic embryos initially from single cell at the pheriphery of embryogenic callus. These cells then devided in mitotic repeatedly formed globular proembryo, elongation embryo, and completed embryo. The structure and development pattern of somatic embryos as the same as with zygotic embryo.

  2. IMPLEMENTASI PRINSIP DEMOKRASI DAN NOMOKRASI DALAM STRUKTUR KETATANEGARAAN RI PASCA AMANDEMEN UUD 1945

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    Martha Pigome

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available The principle of democracy and nomocracy as state in the Constitution 1945 is the embodiment of the state that based on civil sovereignty and state characteristics that uphold the law. Implemention of those two principles changes the structure of the state that established the Constitutional Court. This institution known as the guardian of democracy of any process of political democatization and legal policy. The consitutional Court plays an important role in maintaining the state constitution (Constitution 1945. Constitutional Court have an authority to solve dispute elections and general election. This institution also have a role to judicial review of any statute that not synchronize with the Constitution 1945.   Keywords : Demoratization, Rule of Law, Constitution and Legal Policy

  3. IMPLEMENTASI PRINSIP DEMOKRASI DAN NOMOKRASI DALAM STRUKTUR KETATANEGARAAN RI PASCA AMANDEMEN UUD 1945

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    Martha Pigome

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available The principle of democracy and nomocracy as state in the Constitution 1945 is the embodiment of the state that based on civil sovereignty and state characteristics that uphold the law. Implemention of those two principles changes the structure of the state that established the Constitutional Court. This institution known as the guardian of democracy of any process of political democatization and legal policy. The consitutional Court plays an important role in maintaining the state constitution (Constitution 1945. Constitutional Court have an authority to solve dispute elections and general election. This institution also have a role to judicial review of any statute that not synchronize with the Constitution 1945.

  4. Strukturna karakterizacija CaMnOз nanoprahova dopiranih itrijumom i teorijsko modelovanje stabilnosti perovskitske strukture

    OpenAIRE

    Zagorac, Jelena B.

    2014-01-01

    In the first part of dissertation structural, microstructural and phase analysis of the nanopowders with the general formula Ca1-xYxMnO3 (0 ≤ x ≤ 1) were performed using XRPD diffraction technique and Rietveld refinement. The most abundant crystal phases in these nanopowders are the members of ABO3 solid solutions with the perovskite structure type. Seven nanopowders of nominal composition CaMnO3 (Ca100), Ca0.95Y0.05MnO3 (Ca95), Ca0.85Y0.15MnO3 (Ca85), Ca0.75Y0.25MnO3 (Ca75), ...

  5. Frihet & struktur : en kvalitativ studie av skolelivskvalitet hos ungdom med Tourette syndrom

    OpenAIRE

    Siverts, Torstein

    2005-01-01

    Sammendrag. Tittel: Skolelivskvalitet hos ungdom med Tourette Syndrom Med bakgrunn i egen erfaring fra arbeid med elever med Tourette Syndrom i grunnskolen, og i studier i spesialpedagogisk teori og empiri, etterstrebes det i denne studien å utvikle økt forståelse for hva slags erfaringer fra og perspektiver på sitt skoleliv elever med denne funksjonshemmende lidelsen har. Med grunnlag i analyser av intervjuer med elever om deres erfaringer og perspektiver, har jeg prøvd å b...

  6. Elusidasi struktur isolat skualena dari ikan hiu cucut botol (Centrophurus sp

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    Aniek Setiya Budiatin

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available The main source of squalene was liver oil of shark. Producing of squalene this oil could be separated from other components inside. The research obtained that the value of squalene was 75.83 ± 1.14%. To discover the purification and safety to consume squalene which had been isolated from oil of the liver €™s shark cucut botol €˜ was used a method which available in AOAC, therefore that could be done elucidation of the structure of isolate with any instruments such as KLT; FTIR; GC; GC-MS; and NMR. Structure elucidation of isolate compare with standard of squalene had result as follows: a. KLT: Rf isolate = 0.457; Rf standard = 0,457; b. FTIR = 2980 €“ 2850 CH of methyl and methylene; 1668.58 & 1446.74 a double chain of carbon (C=C; 1381.16 & 835.25 = branch chain that all for isolate was the same with standard; GC tR = 9.065 minute of isolate and standard was 9.124 minutes; GC-MS the main fraction with mass 69 was one unit of isoprene (C5H9; the value of proton NMR (δ = ppm were 1.601 & 1.674; 2.016; 5.150 & 5.155 for isolate; the standard were 1.599 & 1.670; 2.016; 5.155. The result of elucidation structure could be concluded that the isolate was the same with the squalene standard. Therefore, isolate could be able to consume safety as natural health food for all consumers because it had already pure and free from other compound such as cholesterol.

  7. PENENTU BESARAN TRANSAKSI PIHAK BERELASI: TATA KELOLA, TINGKAT PENGUNGKAPAN, DAN STRUKTUR KEPEMILIKAN

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    Cynthia Afriani Utama

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Indonesian firms are characterized by conglomeration that tends to conduct related party transaction (RPT. Extant academic literature provides two competing views on RPTs: the efficient transaction hypothesis and the conflict of interest hypothesis. The purpose of this study is to investigate RPT from the point of view of the conflict of interest hypothesis. Specifically, this study examines the size of RPT which is performed by majority shareholders to expropriate minority shareholders. The size of RPT measures the direct influence of RPT on shareholders’ wealth. In this study, the size of RPT is measured by RPT transactions of assets plus liabilities (RPTAL and sales plus expenses (RPTSE relative to book value of equity. Furthermore, this study investigates whether RPTAL and RPSE are determined by CG practices, disclosure of RPT, and ownership structure. This study cannot find the influence of CG on size of RPTAL and RPTSE. The results of the study also show that only disclosure of RPT and ownership structure that have positive impact on size of RPTSE. Disclosure of RPT increases more efficient RPTSE than abusive RPTSE. This study find that the relationship between the disclosure and RPTAL is insignificant as efficient RPTAL does not dominate abusive RPTAL, while concentrated ownership has a positive impact on abusive RPTSE.

  8. PENGARUH UKURAN PERUSAHAAN, STRUKTUR KEPEMILIKAN, DAN SIKLUS OPERASI TERHADAP KUALITAS PELAPORAN KEUANGAN

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    Nadiya Rosyida

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Laporan keuangan yang dipublikasikan merupakan sumber informasi bagi sebagian besar pemakai laporan keuangan serta pihak-pihak yang berkepentingan untuk mendukung pengambilan keputusan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh ukuran perusahaan, kepemilikan manajerial, kepemilikan institusional, dan siklus operasi perusahaan terhadap kualitas pelaporan keuangan pada perusahaan manufaktPopulasi penelitian ini adalah perusahaan manufaktur yang terdaftar di Bursa Efek Indonesia pada tahun 2011-2012. Pemilihan sampel ini menggunakan metode purposive sampling. Berdasarkan metode ini, diperoleh sampel perusahaan sebanyak 25 perusahaan. Metode analisis data penelitian ini yaitu regresi berganda. Hasil pengujian menunjukkan bahwa ukuran perusahaan, kepemilikan institusional, dan siklus operasi perusahaan berpengaruh positif terhadap kualitas pelaporan keuangan, sedangkan kepemilikan manajerial tidak berpengaruh terhadap kualitas pelaporan keuangan.Saran dari penelitian ini adalah perlu menggunakan atribut lain dalam penilaian kualitas pelaporan keuangan berbasis pasar (market based attributes. Menggunakan variabel lain seperti pertumbuhan investasi terkait pelaporan keuangan yang dilakukan perusahaan, maupun rasio keuangan seperti likuiditas untuk menghasilkan penelitian yang lebih baik. Published financial statements are the source of information for most of the users of financial statements and the parties concerned to support decision making.. This study aims to determine the effect of firm size, managerial ownership, institutional ownership, and the operating cycle of the financial reporting quality in manufacturing companies.This study population is manufacturing companies listed in Indonesia Stock Exchange from 2011-2012. The sample selection is using purposive sampling method. Based on this method, it is obtained a sample consisted of 25 companies. Methods of data analysis of this study is multiple regression.The results show that the firm size, institutional ownership, and the operating cycle have positive affect on the financial reporting quality, while managerial ownership does not affect the financial reporting quality.Suggestions from this study is the need to use other attributes in the assessment of the financial reporting quality based on the market (market based attributes. Using other variables such as growth-related investments by the company's financial reporting as well as financial ratios such as liquidity to generate better research.

  9. PENGARUH STRUKTUR KEPEMILIKAN TERHADAP KEMUNGKINAN KESULITAN KEUANGAN PADA BURSA EFEK INDONESIA

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    Indra Hastuti

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Financial distresses have strong relationships with the company’s bankruptcy. The financial distress can be predicted by using information contained in the financial statements and the company’s corporate governance mechanisms. The purpose of this study is to prove the effect of ownership structure, liquidity ratios, leverage ratios, activity ratios, and the size of the company to possible financial distress of manufacturing companies in Indonesia Stock Exchange. Populations of this study are manufacturing companies in Indonesia Stock Exchange, which are published in the financial statements from the years 2008-2012,samples of the research  are 156 financial. Data analysis uses a logistic regression .The results of this study indicate that managerial ownership significantly influence of financial distress. While institutional ownership does not significantly influence of financial distress. Liquidity ratios and activity ratios significantly influence of financial distress. While the leverage ratio and firm size had no significant effect on the financial distress. The results can be used for decision making corporate leaders and investors as well as potential investors to always attention Managerial ownership, liquidity ratio, and the ratio of the activity, because these three variables has a contribution in influencing the potential for financial distress.

  10. PENDEKATAN STRUKTURAL, EKONOMI DAN SPASIAL (ALMIRAL SEBAGAI MODEL ALTERNATIF PENANGGULANGAN KEMISKINAN

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    Dwi Eko Waluyo

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The research was conducted to develop an integrated model of poverty reduction based on spatial aspects, economic areas, structural, and administrative of East Java province. The research applied some analysis tools which include: Analysis of dominant sectors, supporting capacity analysis, Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP, and qualitative descriptive method. The results showed that Bangkalan, Lamongan, Bojonegoro, and Batu had the highest number of very poor population due to some factors such as the low income of population, low levels of education, and poverty that were passed down by the family. Poverty reduction efforts through institutional capacity optimization has greatly intensified and running well,yet the constraints arise from other instruments such as the adequacy of programs, activities, and funding that has not been managed properly.

  11. Studi Eksperimental tentang Pengaruh Dinding Bata Merah Terhadap Ketahanan Lateral Struktur Beton Bertulang

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    Jafril Tanjung

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Reinforced-Concrete (R/C frame structures with unreinforced clay brick masonry (URM infill walls are commonly used in developing countries with regions of high seismicity. The walls are usually treated as non-structural components, and their interaction with the bounding frames is often ignored in designing process. Field evidences after West Sumatera earthquake have shown that URM infill walls can help reduce the vulnerability of the R/C frame structures against lateral load. In the present paper, it is an attempt to highlight the series laboratory experimental results of the R/C frame structures with URM infill walls. Results of the experimental studies which have indicated URM infill walls can have a significant influence on the lateral resistance of the R/C frame structures. Increasing the lateral resistance is also observed on the R/C frame structures uses larger size of the clay brick masonry and uses mortar on the infill walls’ surfaces.

  12. PENGARUH SKALA OPERASI DAN STRUKTUR MODAL TERHADAP KINERJA OPERASI BANK UMUM-BPR

    OpenAIRE

    Arif Julianto Sri Nugroho

    2007-01-01

    This study describes the effect of asset structures and capital structures on bank financial performance. Recently, bank financial performance could be seen through bank’s financial report published on mass media. The measurement criterias of bank performance are established by Bank Indonesia based on five aspects of CAMEL ie capital adequacy ratio, assets quality, management, earnings power and liquidity. This research involves 15 Public Banks and 15 BPR’s at Klaten as sample...

  13. DRGs: Auswirkungen auf Ökonomie und Struktur einer Krankenhausabteilung am Beispiel der Plastischen Chirurgie

    OpenAIRE

    Heinze, Ralf M.

    2010-01-01

    Mit der Einführung des DRG-Systems als Abrechnungsinstrument in deutschen Kliniken änderten sich die Abrechnungsmodalitäten grundlegend. Für die Abbildung des Fachbereiches Plastische Chirurgie im DRG-System lagen bisher noch keine ausführlichen Daten vor. In dieser Arbeit werden mit der Untersuchung und Auswertung von 236 Diagnosen und 1302 Prozeduren aus dem plastisch chirurgischen Fachgebiet und deren DRG-Einordnung erstmals umfassende Daten über die Abbildung der Plastischen Chirurgie im ...

  14. Podoby a proměny strukturální tematiky

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Sládek, Ondřej

    2009-01-01

    Roč. 41, - (2009), s. 41-54 ISSN 0231-5904 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z90560517 Keywords : structuralism * Vodička, Felix * thematics * Propp, Vladimir Jakovlevič * Lévi-Strauss, Claude * Doležel, Lubomír * Mukařovský, Jan Subject RIV: AJ - Letters, Mass-media, Audiovision

  15. MAJOR HYSTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX: STRUKTUR, FUNGSI, HUBUNGAN DENGAN PENYAKIT DAN PEMANFAATAN DALAM RESPON IMUN

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    Basundari Sri Utama

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Respon imun terhadap antigen asing dapat terjadi karena kemampuan dari organisme untuk membedakan "non self" dengan "self", sehingga dapat terhindar dari efek patogen dari antigen yang masuk. Hal ini terjadi karena kemampuan polimorfisme dari komponen molekul yang terdapat pada permukaan sel presentan pada saat proses respon imun terjadi. Komponen molekul tersebut disebut MHC (Major Hystocompatibility Complex pada tikus diberi kode H-2 atau HLA (Human Leucocyt Antifen pada manusia. Pengkode genetik MHC pada tikus terletak pada kromosom 17, pada manusia terletak pada kromosom 6. MHC tersebar pada hampir semua permukaan sel tubuh. Pada tikus MHC kelas 1 terdapat sel-sel yang berinti, platelet dan sel darah merah. Pada manusia terdapat pada sel-sel yang berinti dan platelet. MHC pada tikus terutama terdapat pada sel B, makrofag, sel epithel, sel limfosit T. Pada manusia terutama terdapat pada sel B dan makrofag. Fungsi MHC kelas I diantaranya adalah reaksi penolakan jaringan, stimulasi produksi antibodi, proses interaksi antigen dengan sel T. MHC kelas II diperlukan dalam proses presentasi antigen. Pengetahuan tentang MHC/HLA seseorang, dapat dipakai untuk memperkirakan risiko seseorang mendapatkan penyakit yang bersifat herediter atau kelainan imunologik. Dengan mengetahui bahwa MHC/HLA hanya dapat mengikat peptida, hal ini dapat dimanfaatkan untuk pencegahan reaksi alergi.

  16. STUDI STRUKTUR EPIDERMIS DAUN Dasymaschalon blumei Finet & Ganep. (Annonaceae DI JAWA DAN SUMATERA

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    Subekti Nurmawati

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Dasymaschalon blumei Finet & Gagnep. Is one of the species from the genus Dasymaschalon (Hook. F & Thomson Dalla Torre & Harms which can be recognized from its peculiar moniliform fruits. It widespread in Java and Sumatera. An anatomical of leaves from herbarium specimens of D. blumei collected from Java and Sumatera has been carried out by using light microscope in Herbarium Bogoriense. The objectives of this study is to observe the leaves anatomy of D. blumei and to support the classification of  the species concept of D. blumei.  The specimens are divided into three categories based on the elevation, those were: specimens collected from 500 m of sea level. The result showed that from the epidermal section, the type of the stomata from the three categories were similar, and also the number and the index of the stomata. Variations however exists because of the environment factors.

  17. Struktur Komunitas Zooplankton di Bendungan Telaga Tunjung, Kabupaten Tabanan-Bali

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    Ni Wayan Desy Wahyudiati

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Zooplankton are the heterotroph aquatic organisms and has a week swimming. Zooplankton acts as the first consumer in the waters, which utilize phytoplankton as their food. This research located in Telaga Tunjung reservoir, Timpag Village, Kerambitan Subdistrict, Tabanan Regency. The reservoir is used for industry, irrigation and tourism development. The aim of the research was to determine the community structure of zooplankton in Telaga Tunjung reservoir. This research was conducted from January to February 2016. Water sampling was conducted twice with a sampling interval of 2 weeks in 4 stations. There was a total of 23 species of zooplankton found, consisting of 6 classes: Eurotatoria (8 genera, Ciliatea (1 genera, Branchiopoda (4 genera, Monogononta (1 genera, Tubulinea (1 genera and Maxillopoda (3 genera. The most common species of zooplankton found in the sampling station were Polyarthra vulgaris (3.04 ind/l, Anuraeopsis coelata (1.28 ind/l, Keratella valga (0.43 ind/l, Vorticella sp. (0.49 ind/l, Diaphanosoma brachyurum (0.28 ind/l, Nauplius sp. (0.16 ind/l and Megacyclops viridis (1.16 ind/l. The average abundance of zooplankton was 9.38 ind/l. Based on the abundance of zooplankton, the trophic status of Telaga Tunjung reservoir is mesotrophic.

  18. Struktur Komunitas Makrozoobenthos Sebagai Indikator Kualitas Perairan di Pantai Serangan Provinsi Bali

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    Yulihatul Meisaroh

    2018-02-01

    Full Text Available Serangan Island is a small island located approximately 5 km in south of Denpasar City and has a maximum length of 2.9 km and a width of 1 km which is administratively as part of the Denpasar City, Bali Province. Serangan Island is widely used for aquaculture and fisheries activities, moreover Serangan is also used as tourism activities, transportation routes, the harbour of ships and residences which may have impact on the aquatic ecosystem balance. The purpose of this research is to know how the structure of macrozoobenthos community and the water quality condition in Serangan Island. The research was conducted on February to March 2017 by using descriptive quantitative method in 3 research stasions. The result showed that there are 23 species of macrozoobenthos that consists of 7 classes, namely Gastropods, Bivalve, Crustacea, Echinoidea, Asteroidea, Ophiuroidea, and Holothuroidea. The highest total of abundance was at station 1 about 46,8 ind/m2. The diversity index ranged from 0,66-2,14  and the equibility index ranged from 0,60-0,81, while the dominance index ranged from 0,17-0,63. Based on the criteria of the Shanon-Wiener diversity index (H', the diversity index at station 1 and 2 indicates moderate diversity which has moderate species distribution and moderately polluted waters, whereas the value of the diversity index at station 3 indicates that the diversity in this stasion is low, showed by low abundance of species, low stability of the community and severe polluted condition.

  19. Das Symbolische zwischen Struktur und Handlung Anmerkungen zur Diskussion des Symbols in der Wissenschaftsgeschichte Frankreichs

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    Wolfgang Neurath

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Noch nie war Politik symbolischer als in Zeiten der Krise; es wird daher immer drängender sich der Frage zu stellen, ob die symbolischen Ordnungen mit denen wir tagtäglich konfrontiert sind, zur "Wahl" stehen, d. h. durch politische Handlungen erneuert werden müssen und damit auch veränderbar sind, oder ob symbolische Ordnungen in gewisser Weise auf uns zukommen und es nur darum gehen kann, an einer strukturellen Ereignishaftigkeit oder an Fluchtlinien zu partizipieren, die von den nicht geglückten symbolischen Übersetzungen ermöglicht/erzwungen werden, die sich durch die Funktionsweise des Symbolischen selbst ergeben (Loïc Wacquant hat dies das autotelische Wirken einer semiotischen Algebra genannt. Dadurch spaltet sich der Raum des Politischen vorerst in ein symbolisches Funktionssystem und in Symbolisierungen von nicht geglückten Übersetzungen auf. Diese Frage nach dem Status und der Politik des "Symbolischen" wurde in den 70er Jahren des letzten Jahrhunderts in Frankreich intensiv und unablässig gestellt und man kann mit Fug und Recht behaupten, dass das strukturale Denksystem durchaus zum Tanzen gebracht wurde und durch die Arbeit an Begriff wie Konzept des Symbolischen eine äußerst schillernde Ambiguität aufzutauchen beginnt.

  20. PENGARUH STRUKTUR KEPEMILIKAN DALAM MEKANISME CORPORATE GOVERNANCE TERHADAP COST OF EQUITY CAPITAL

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    tarjo tarjo

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Corporate governance mechanisms believed to have strong impact to the companies’ performance. Corporate governance mechanisms examined in this study are managerial ownership and institutional ownership structure. The purposes of this study are to know the variables effect of managerial ownership and institutional ownership on cost of equity capital. The samples of the study are firms listed in Jakarta Stock Exchange in 2005. The F-test on the all variables at the level confidence 1% indicates the effect of all variables on cost of equity capital is significant. The result of this study showed that managerial ownership and institutional ownership have positive significant impact (at the level of confidence 1% and 5% on the cost of equity capital. However this result showed that corporate governance mechanisms fail to decrease the cost of equity capital.  Keywords: corporate governance, managerial ownership, institutional ownership, cost of equity capital.

  1. PENGARUH EFEKTIVITAS DEWAN KOMISARIS DAN KOMITE AUDIT, STRUKTUR KEPEMILIKAN, DAN KUALITAS AUDIT TERHADAP MANAJEMEN LABA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eka Lestari

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to examine, analyze, and find empirical evidence of the influence the effectiveness of the board of commissioners and audit committee, concentrated ownership, managerial ownership, institutional ownership, and audit quality on earnings management with company size, company performance, and leverage as variable controls. The sample used in this study was 42 companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange (IDX in period 2013-2015. The sampling technique used was purposive sampling. This study used multiple regression analysis. The results of this study show that effectiveness of the board of commissioners, concentrated ownership, managerial ownership have negative effect on earnings management. However, the effectiveness of audit committees, institutional ownership, and audit quality doesn’t have effect on earnings management. As well, the firm size, firm performance, and leverage have effect on earnings management.

  2. PENGARUH LIPUTAN MEDIA, KEPEKAAN INDUSTRI, DAN STRUKTUR TATA KELOLA PERUSAHAAN TERHADAP KUALITAS PENGUNGKAPAN LINGKUNGAN

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    Badingatus Solikhah

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to examine the influence of media coverage, industry sensitivity and corporate governance structure on the quality of environmental disclosure. The sample of this study is taken from six industries (mining, energy, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, food and beverages from Indonesia Stock Exchange during 2011, 2012 and 2013. This study uses panel data regression analysis and employs 128 listed companies as the samples of the study. The results show that industry sensitivity, multiple directorship, board size, firm size and ROA positively affect the quality of environmental disclosure. The results also show a negative effect of independent commissionaire on environmental disclosure. This study also provides evidence that media, gender and institutional ownership have no effect on environmental disclosure.

  3. CORPORATE GOVERNANCE DAN STRUKTUR KEPEMILIKAN TERHADAP MANAJEMEN LABA DAN KINERJA KEUANGAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lusye Corvanty Kumaat

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The research was aimed to examine the effect of corporate governance and ownership structure on profitmanagement and financial performance. Corporate governance mechanisms that were used in this researchwere managerial ownership, independent commissioner and audit committee. Ownership structure that wasused was concentrated ownership structure. Research was conducted on the manufacturing companies thatwere listed at Indonesia Stock Exchange in period of 2007-2011. Sampling technique was purposive sampling.Hypothesis testing tool was multiple regression. Earning management in this research was measuredusing Modified Jones Models, while financial performance was measured by cash flow return on assets (CFROA.Result of research indicated that managerial ownership, independent commissioner, and ownership structurewas positively influencing profit management. Independent commissioner and ownership structure positivelyinfluenced financial performance, while managerial ownership negatively influenced financial performance.Audit committee was not influencing earning management and financial performance, and earning managementwas not proved as influencing financial performance.

  4. Pengaruh Struktur Corporate Governance, Audit Tenure Dan Ukuran Kantor Akuntan Publik (Kap) Terhadap Integritas Laporan Keuangan

    OpenAIRE

    Qoyyimah, Sofia Dinil; Kholmi, Masiyah; Harventy, Gina

    2017-01-01

    Purpose of this research to know influence of corporate governance, audit tenure, and KAP size tointegrity of financial statement. The method of analysis used is logistic regression analysis. Theresearch sample consisted of 14 state-owned companies listed in BEI 2011-2014.the results ofthe study show that the integrity of financial statements can not be controlled with corporategovernance, audit tenure and KAP size.

  5. PERAN HAMBATAN STRUKTURAL TERHADAP TINGKAT KEBERDAYAAN PEREMPUAN BALI DALAM JABATAN ESELON DI PROVINSI BALI

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    Anak Agung Istri Ngurah Marhaeni

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Females were empowered as workforce and significantly gave contribution for people’slive and economic advance of family and nation. Increasing of Female Labourforce ParticipationRate (TPAK occurred both in national level as well as in Bali Province.. The development offemale empowerment in economic subject was not always followed by development of theirwelfare and power to achieve through salary they earned. This was related to job position or theirposition in their jobs.The high percentage of females who were working in the informal sectors became areflection of low female empowerment in economic subjects. Similarly, the average wage earnedby female workers was lower than male worker average wage also became reflection of lowfemale economic empowerment. Female economic empowerment that was lower than males wasalso reflected by female percentage was successful holding echelon position in Bali Provincewas only 22.3 percent from the available positions in 2008, with a relatively high variationaccording to a regency or a town.The objective of this research was to learn based on models developed on influence ordynamics factors of direct or indirect structural obstacle factors through organisational culturetowards Balinese females empowerment in echelon positions. The result from data processingthat structural obstacle was negatively affected to female empowerment grade. This resultresearch was suitable with Davidson’s (1996 statement that obstacle in an organization faced byfemales in their efforts to develop females in workplace was obstacles related to attitude andstructural obstacles. Structural obstacle could include procedure, personnel policy, and practisesin the organization. Organizational policy and practice could create obstacles to female careerdevelopment (Bielby, 2000. Discrimination experienced by females in personnel policy couldinclude recruitment process, promotional evaluation system, and training’s opportunity.

  6. PENGARUH SISTEM INFORMASI AKUNTANSI PENGGAJIAN TERHADAP EFEKTIVITAS STRUKTUR PENGENDALIAN INTERN PADA DINAS PERKEBUNAN PROVINSI JAWA BARAT

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    Rofily Putriyandari

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract - Plantation Office in West Java is the OPD environment of the Regional Government of West Java Province. The type of oil exploitation in West Java developed include the People's Plantations and Estates consisting of Private Estates and Country Estates.This study discusses the effect payroll and accounting information system of internal control Achievement Against the Plantation Office of West Java Province. With the aim to determine the extent to which accounting information system salaries for employees' performance. Metedologi study is a quantitative descriptive. Independent variable (X of the study is Payroll Accounting Information Systems, while the variable (Y is the internal control. The sample in this study were 35 people on a formula that raised by SolVin. Then the method of data collection using the method which is based on primary and secondary data. Obtained from the calculation of the test statistic used tcount = 5.2847 = 5% (0.05, N-2 = degrees of freedom (df 35-2 = 33, then earned a tTable = 2.0345. Means that Ha is received and Ho is rejected, meaning that the influence of payroll and accounting information system of internal control.  Keyword: Payroll And Accounting Information System Of Internal Control   Abstrak - Dinas Perkebunan Propinsi Jawa Barat merupakan OPD dilingkungan Pemerintah Daerah Provinsi Jawa Barat. Adapun jenis pengusahaan perkebunan yang dikembangkan di Jawa Barat meliputi Perkebunan Rakyat  dan Perkebunan Besar yang terdiri atas Perkebunan Besar Swasta dan Perkebunan Besar Negara .Penelitian ini membahas tentang Pengaruh Sistem Informasi Akuntansi Terhadap Pengendalian Intern di Dinas Perkebunan Provinsi Jawa Barat. Dengan tujuan untuk mengetahui sejauh mana system informasi akuntansi penggajian terhadap pengendalian intern. Metedologi  penelitian yang digunakan adalah deskriptif kuantitatif. Variabel bebas (X dari penelitian ini adalah Sistem Informasi Akuntansi Penggajian sedangkan variabel (Y adalah Pengendalian Intern. Sampel dalam penelitian ini adalah 35 orang berdasarkan rumus yang dikemukan oleh solvin. Kemudian metode pengumpulan data menggunakan metode yang bersumber pada data primer dan sekunder.Dari perhitungan statistik uji diperoleh thitung=  yang digunakan  = 5% (0.05 , N-2 = derajat kebebasan (df 35-2 = 33, maka diperoleh ttabel = 2.0345. Berarti Ha diterima dan Ho ditolak, artinya adanya pengaruh antara system informasi akuntansi penggajian dan pengendalian intern.  Kata Kunci : Sistem Informasi Akuntansi Penggajian dan Pengendalian Intern

  7. „Banalita“ dobra a strukturální hřích

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    Vojtěch Mašek

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Following the book Lucifer Effect (2007 written by the American social psychologist Philip Zimbardo, the study explores his central idea that human character can be easily manipulated and corrupted by force of ‘total situations’ and ‘systems’ and that ‘banal’ good and ‘banal’ evil are closely interlinked. Zimbardo’s position is confronted with the Catholic teaching of the ‘social’ and ‘structural sin’ and followed up by a broader philosophical reflection on the phenomenon of structural sin in ‘modern’ and ‘postmodern’ historical contexts. The idea of structural sin is developed into a hermeneutically interpreted category of a destructive ‘existential movement’ on the boundary of personal and institutionally mediated relationships.

  8. PENGARUH PENCEMARAN LOGAM BERAT TERHADAP STRUKTUR POPULASI DAN ORGAN TUBUH RAJUNGAN (Portunus pelagicus, LINN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arie Prabawa

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Blue Swimming crab (Portunus pelagicus is one of important fishery in Indonesia that captured nearshore on the bottom of the sea. There has been a significant water contamination on the Jakarta bay and the fishery are reported to be effected. Many heavy metals and other contaminants are introduced into the waters, sediments, and fishery that living in the bay. Heavy metals such as Pb, Cd, Hg and As are the most lethal contaminants and found in Jakarta Bay. This study aims to determine the effect of heavy metals contaminants to the blue swimming crab morphometric, body organs and population structure of blue swimming crabs in Jakarta bay, which compared to the study in healthier environment in Madura island. The results of this study showed that 1 The morphometric parameter of blue swimming crab population in Jakarta and Madura are significantly different. 2 The internal organ of the blue swimming crab (hepatopancreas, gonad and gill in Jakarta bay are also significantly different than in Madura. The histological analysis are confirmed some abnormal indication of the internal body of the blue swimming crab in Jakarta bay.3 Some population parameters of the blue swimming crab in jakarta bay are significantly different than in Madura island. The fishery structure in Jakarta bay showed the size of first maturity of the crabs is relatively smaller than in Madura and other area of Inodonesia. The fishery mangament based on spatial area management is recommended to apply in different area of Indonesia.

  9. STRUKTUR DAN KOMPOSISI JENIS HUTAN MANGROVE DI GOLO SEPANG – KECAMATAN BOLENG KABUPATEN MANGGARAI BARAT

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    M. Hidayatullah

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to determine mangrove forest structure and composition in Golo Sepang Village, Manggarai Barat District. Important value index and diversity index value obtained from mangrove vegetation analysis were used as indicators for determining mangrove forest structure and diversity. Transect method with square frame along the line was applied in vegetation analysis. Totally 10 lines and 30 plots were applied for getting types of mangrove, growth parametersvalue (height and diameter and others related information. This study found that the stucture of mangrove consist of 5 familyes with 10 species, namely: Rhizophoraceae (Ceriops tagal (Perr, Rhizophora apiculata (Bi, R. mucronata Lmk., Bruguiera parviflora (Roxb., B. sexangula (Lour dan B. gymnorrizha (L. Lamk., Fabaceae (Derris trifoliata Lour, Meliaceae (Xylocarpus granatum Koen, Pteridaceae (Acrosthicum aereum Linn and Lythraceae (Phempis acidula Forst. R. apiculata (Bi is the most dominant species founded in 7 of 10 total sites. Two sites, Sotri and Muara Kiri, have the highest important value index (300% for R. Apiculata species. The highest individual density is found at Sotri site, with value 1.300 tree/hectare, while the lowest density, 100 trees/hectare is found at Muara Kanan site. In diversity of mangrove, all sites were categorized as low with highest diversity index value 1,06.Keywords: Mangrove forest, structure and composition, Golo Sepang

  10. Pengaruh Biaya, Produktivitas Aktiva dan Struktur Modal dalam Meningkatkan Profitabilitas Perusahaan

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    Muhammad Yusuf

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available This study examined the effect of cost, productivity of assets and capital structure of an automotive company's profitability. This study focuses on the productivity of assets which include factors such as operating leverage, sales, inventory turnover, net working capital, liquidity, receivable collection, fixed asset ratio, and total asset turnover. Capital Structure includes the degree of financial leverage. Profitability factor in this study includes operating margin, return on assets and return on equity. Sample used are 45 automotive industry companies who have registered and still active until December 31, 2009. The statistical methods used in this research are classical assumption test, f test and t test. This study indicates that inventory turns, liquidity, receivable collections and, the ratio of fixed assets have a negative outcome to the total asset turnover, while net working capital has a positive outcome. Operating margin and total asset turnover both have positive values that have an impact on return on assets. Capital structure and degree of operating leverage both have negative results on the turnover of capital, while return on assets have positive results. 

  11. Interpretasi Struktur Bawah Tanah pada Sistem Sungai Bribin dengan Metode Geo

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    Khafidh Nur Aziz

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available This research was aimed to determine the distribution pattern of magnetic field anomaly and to identify the lithology of underground structure in Bribin Karst using geomagnetic method. Research location was Semanu Sub-district, Gunungkidul Regency at UTM coordinate of 464061 mT-464929 mT and 9111097 mU-9111970 mU. The data were taken using G-5 Proton Precession Magnetometer (PPM by looping method. The result showed that the distribution pattern of the magnetic field anomaly in Karst Bribin has value of 330 nT - 530 nT and anomaly values reflecting the system of Bribin River has value of 400 nT-460 nT. The lithology of underground structure in Karst Bribin has susceptibility value of -0.069 (in SI - 0.0661 (in SI with depth 200 m associated with limestone, tuff, gypsum, rock salt, and minerals calcite and anhydrite and the lithology associated with the system of Bribin River has susceptibility value -0.069 (in SI associated with gypsum, rock salt, and minerals anhydrite.

  12. IMATERALISASI JAMINAN BENDA DALAM BENTUK CASH COLLATERAL SEBAGAI JAMINAN PROYEK INFRA STRUKTUR MELALUI MEKANISME SWIFT

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    Tarsisius Murwaji

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The construction of infrastructure projects require large expenses. The cost for the project loan is usually derived from international banks. Legal issues, among others: we do not guarantee the legal system conducive to use in large financing; corporate body and banking institutions we considered to be of international standard, and our le-gal system is regarded as the country risk. The other hand many people of Indonesia who have collateral material, usually pure gold (precious metals that have been diimaterialization and included in the accounts of foreign banks. Such guarantees may be used as the basis of the issuance of bank guarantees and through the mechanism of Society Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunications (SWIFT can be used as loan collateral banks in Indonesia.

  13. STRUKTUR KOMUNITAS MIKROBA TANAH DAN IMPLIKASINYA DALAM MEWUJUDKAN SISTEM PERTANIAN BERKELANJUTAN

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    Prihastuti Prihastuti

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Soils are made up of organic and an organic material. The organic soil component contains all the living creatures in the soil and the dead ones in various stages of decomposition. Biological activity in soil helps to recycle nutrients, decompose organic matter making nutrient available for plant uptake, stabilize humus, and form soil particles.The extent of the diversity of microbial in soil is seen to be critical to the maintenance of soil health and quality, as a wide range of microbial is involved in important soil functions. That ecologically managed soils have a greater quantity and diversity of soil microbial. The two main drivers of soil microbial community structure, i.e., plant type and soil type, are thought to exert their function in a complex manner. The fact that in some situations the soil and in others the plant type is the key factor determining soil microbial diversity is related to their complexity of the microbial interactions in soil, including interactions between microbial and soil and microbial and plants.The basic premise of organic soil stewardship is that all plant nutrients are present in the soil by maintaining a biologically active soil environment. The diversity of microbial communities has on ecological function and resilience to disturbances in soil ecosystems. Relationships are often observed between the extent of microbial diversity in soil, soil and plant quality and ecosystem sustainability. Agricultural management can be directed toward maximizing the quality of the soil microbial community in terms of disease suppression, if it is possible to shift soil microbial communities.

  14. Studia nad strukturą przestrzenno-funkcjonalną miasta. Przykład Brodnica

    OpenAIRE

    Matczak, Andrzej; Szymańska, Daniela

    1997-01-01

    contribution: Szymańska Daniela - 50 % Marczak Andrzej - 50% Summary. A market economy has been restored to Poland since 1989. It is expected that it will liberate local socio-economic initiatives. Small towns will gradually regain market grounds for existence through imparting dynamism to the growth of the operation of servicing the surrounding area. At present, it seems that a particularly advantageous starting position has been gained by those small towns which, after world war I...

  15. Analisis pemasaran sapi potong melalui analisis marjin, transmisi harga, struktur pemasaran, perilaku pemasaran dan kinerja pemasaran

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    Umi Wisapti Ningsih

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Characteristics of respondents the majority (54.38% were at a productive age, in the study area had a low educational background were 89.28% the elementary school. Respondents (49.12% had more than 20 years of farming experience. Ongole Crossbreed (PO were the most preferred cattle raised by the majority of respondents (57.89%. The respondents mostly (94.74% sold their cattle to the local trader or middlemen. Who sold their cattle directly to the animal market opted Pakis as the most preferred location (40.35%. The majority of respondents (68.42% agreed that middlemen played a crucial role in determining the selling price. The selling price of cattle in producers level has a low correlation (r = 0.32 with price in the traders level. Also, the price transmission was low (0.00099. The farmers earned monthly on average Rp 113.160 per animal, the local traders Rp 375.000 per animal. This low-income share caused by the fact that farmers should pay production costs as an amount of Rp 2.329.772 per animal per year or Rp 194.147 per animal per month.

  16. NELAYAN INDONESIA DALAM PUSARAN KEMISKINAN STRUKTURAL (PERSPEKTIF SOSIAL, EKONOMI DAN HUKUM

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    Endang Retnowati

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Indonesiaas an archipelago, which has till 70% is ocean area. In this sea area marine contains a very large and varied economic potential including fish resources. With the abundance of fish resources, it should make the fishermen earning to complete their necessities. In fact, it is not so, the poverty still have been collided with the lives of many fishermen. From the economic side, what the fishermen catch, is so far from enough to complete their necessities. This is caused by lack of capital owned by fishermen, the pressure from the owners of capital, profit-sharing system that is not fair, trade or auctioning process of fish that are not transparent (controlled by middlemen. Furthermore the authorities have no authority to regulate and enforce the rules. In addition, the pattern or work culture that is still what it is. The conditions of poverty which is experienced by fishermen led to their conflict and only to be the object. The law should provide protection has not been optimal yet. In the fishery law, there are only 2 verse in paragraph 1 regulating fishermen, also it is only the verse giving understanding of fishermen and small fishermen. Even it gives different understanding that traditional fishermen in the explanation of paragraph 18 (6 Local Government Act as well as in reality. The different understanding gives impact to the fishermen.

  17. STRUKTUR DAN KINERJA INDUSTRI BESI DAN BAJA INDONESIA TIDAK SEKUAT DAN SEKOKOH NAMANYA

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    P. Eko Prasetyo

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The existence of iron and steel industry occupy vital role in the development process and become strategically for the progress of a nation, because almost all metal equipment that are used by people made of steel. This research is aim to study structure and performance also competitive power of Indonesian national iron and steel industry that is below the note and not as firm as the name. This study endured by the way of literature research based from the primary data of BPS during the last five years that was since years 2004 until the beginning of year 2010. Based on the result of the research it is concluded that structure and performance of Indonesian iron and steel industry are still weak contradictive. The main reason that faced by this industry is the high import dependencies of raw material, especially at head steel industry. The low level of consumption per capita that at 33 kg per capita cannot be fulfilled by the level of national production that always under the level of the consumption, with the result that this lag must be fulfilled with import. The next consequence, national iron and industry are not become standalone and low at competition power, with the result that the problem of consumption that always be bigger than the production become more dependent at the condition of world iron and steel market. Because the lack of raw material, and the international price of raw material highly increased. In the other side, the chaos at the industry cannot be released from the uncertain policy of the government during the time, with the result that national iron and steel industry’s structure can’t stand alone and their competitive power are low. For that reason, investment policy to support this industry and local resource wielding are very strategic opportunity to build self-employment and performance of iron and steel industry competitive power including related industry and the lower atIndonesiarecently and the future. 

  18. Systems Engineering as a tool; Verktoeyet Systems Engineering : struktur fra start til maal

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carlsen, Randi

    2002-07-01

    Systems engineering integrates all types of specialists and disciplines into teams that try to create a structured development process from concept via production to operation. The idea is that by using systems engineering, projects can be completed efficiently and successfully. It is important that the individual participant in a project understands that he or she works within a system and that there is a need for skill, comprehensiveness and communication. Systems engineering comprises system design, computer aided design, cybernetics and mecatronics. The article describes the use of systems engineering in a student project in which a heat pump will be used to utilize the energy potential of ground water primarily to heat the visitors' area in a mine museum in Kongsberg, Norway.

  19. STRUKTUR PERBANKAN INDONESIA: KAJIAN PEMENUHAN PILAR 1- TIER1 PADA PERBANKAN NASIONAL

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    Sri Haryati

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available It was stipulated by Bank Indonesia regulation that the banks must have a minimum core capital of Rp 100billion by the end of 2010. However, until the mid year of 2010, there were a small number of banks that hadsuch minimum core capital which was less than Rp100 billion. This research attempted to determine theinfluence of the internal factors (financial performance as well as the external factors such as asset qualitytowards the core capital in the national banking industries. The subjects of this study were all national banks,in which the secondary data used were published financial statements based on the observation during the sixyear-period: 2004 -2009. The analysis techniques used were rotated Factor Analysis and Ordinal LogisticRegression. The results showed that of the 21 variables, 19 variables were formed as the factors, with a loadingfactor >1. The result of logistic regression analysis showed that 11 variables had a significant influencetowards the probability of compliance with core capital such as APB, ROE, NIM, BOPO, FBIR, CPR, ABP, BIRate, INFL and VER. Therefore these ratios could be used as a reference banks to improve or to maintain the corecapital (tier 1.

  20. PERSEPSI MAHASISWA TENTANG KOMPETENSI MENGAJAR DOSEN PENGAMPU PADA MATA KULIAH STRUKTUR ALJABAR

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    Naning Sutriningsih

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Students perception about lecturer teaching ability of Aljabar Structural areobservation process, introduction, conclusion, and student’s assessment aboutlecturer ability in learning management includes, comprehension towards students,planning and learning implementation, learning outcome evaluation and student’sdevelopment ability in several competence actualization. The importance to findout the students’ perception of lecturer teaching competency by students’ learningperformance is 70% in Aljabar Structural subject during four year in low category.The objective of this study is knowing the students’ perception about lecturerteaching. Competency in the Aljabar Structural subject students’ perception datawas gotten by questionnaire whereas the students’ learning performance data wasgotten from students’ learning performance data was gotten from students’learning outcome that documented in BAAK STKIP MPL. Furthermore, fromanalysis the data perception got 75,6% by using descriptive, the students got theperception in good categorize and very good about students’ competency ofAljabar Structural subject. It shown that students perception was not givesignificant contribution toward low students performance shown by contributionscore 2,69%.Keywords: Students perception, students’ learning performance,Aljabar Structural

  1. KEPUTUSAN STRUKTUR MODAL DAN KEBIJAKAN DIVIDEN SEBAGAI MEKANISME MENGURANGI MASALAH KEAGENAN

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    Arief Yulianto

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Perilaku oportunistik manajerial pada keputusan pendanaan perusahaan menimbulkan konflik antara manajemen dan pemegang saham maupun kreditur. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengetahui secara empiris pengaruh kepemilikan manajerial (hipotesis masalah keagenan yang dipengaruhi oleh debt equity ratio dan dividend payout ratio yang akan mengurangi masalah keagenan. Penelitian dilakukan pada perusahaan manufaktur yang tercatat di Bursa Efek Indonesia tahun 2008 sampai dengan 2011. Berdasarkan dua model regresi yang dipergunakan, diperoleh hasil bahwa kepemilikan manajerial berpengaruh positif terhadap debt equity ratio yang merupakan indikasi bahwa dengan peningkatan utang maka akan meningkatkan monitoring yang dilakukan kreditur terhadap perilaku manajerial. Selain itu ditemukan hasil yang tidak signifikan pengaruh kepemilikan manajerial terhadap dividend payout ratio yang merupakan indikasi inkonsisten dengan masalah keagenan. The managerial opportunistic behaviour on the financing activity decision can generate a conflict between the management and the stockholder or creditor as a consequence of the opportunity management behaviors. This paper aims to provide empirical evidence  on the managerial ownership (agency costs  hypothesis which suggests debt equity ratio and dividend payout ratio may reduce agency costs. This research was conducted at manufacturing firms listed at Indonesian Stock Exchange from 2008 to 2011. In this research, two regression models were used. Management ownership is positively associated with debt equity ratio. It indicates that the increase of monitoring, done by creditors, due to the increasing amount of debt. However, there is not a significant relationship between management ownership and dividend payout ratio, it indicates that the finding is inconsistent with the agency conflict.

  2. Model Persamaan Struktural Faktor-Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Niat Kewirausahaan Mahasiswa FMIPA UNSRI

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    Oki Dwipurwani

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this research is to know factors having an influence by significant to Entrepreneurship Intention of students in Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences of Sriwijaya University. There used a Structural Equation Models (SEM analysis method, because variables in this research in the form of laten variable and causal relationship between a set of variables nor modestly, there is direct and indirectly relationship. The result show that family environment give a part important in forming Entrepreneurship intention student, and so Personal attitude give biggest direct influence to Entrepreneurship Intention of student equal to 0,52 with t-test statistical value equal to 6,82.

  3. IMATERALISASI JAMINAN BENDA DALAM BENTUK CASH COLLATERAL SEBAGAI JAMINAN PROYEK INFRA STRUKTUR MELALUI MEKANISME SWIFT

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    Tarsisius Murwaji

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The construction of infrastructure projects require large expenses. The cost for the project loan is usually derived from international banks. Legal issues, among others: we do not guarantee the legal system conducive to use in large financing; corporate body and banking institutions we considered to be of international standard, and our le-gal system is regarded as the country risk. The other hand many people of Indonesia who have collateral material, usually pure gold (precious metals that have been diimaterialization and included in the accounts of foreign banks. Such guarantees may be used as the basis of the issuance of bank guarantees and through the mechanism of Society Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunications (SWIFT can be used as loan collateral banks in Indonesia. Key words: bank guaranty, SWIFT, security law, international banking system

  4. STRUKTUR KEPEMILIKAN, UKURAN PERUSAHAAN DAN PRAKTEK CORPORATE GOVERNANCE TERHADAP MANAJEMEN LABA

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    Reni Yendrawati

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Many companies conducted earnings management in order to attract potential investors. The extent to whichthose companies undertook profit management was influenced by many factors, such as: ownership structure,company size and corporate governance practices. The objective of this study was to determine the effect ofownership structure, company size and corporate governance practices toward earnings management. Ownershipstructure was the proxy of management ownership, and firm size was the proxy of the log of total assets.In addition, corporate governance was measured by the composition of the board of commissioners and industryspecialization of audit firm. The companies used in this study were 16 LQ 45 firms from the year 2008 to2010. The method of analysis used in this study was multiple linear regressions. The results showed that thecomposition of commissioner board had a significant negative effect on earnings management while the otherthree variables, namely the ownership structure, firm size, and KAP industry specialization did not affectsignificantly toward earning management.

  5. Zwei Wege als Grund der vierteiligen Struktur von Parmenides’ Gedicht. Entwurf eines neuen Ansatzes

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Hobza, Pavel

    2014-01-01

    Roč. 4, International Issue 2 (2014), s. 103-139 ISSN 1803-7860 Institutional support: RVO:67985955 Keywords : Parmenides * Parmenides' poem * Eleatic philosophy * Presocratic philosophy * ontology Subject RIV: AA - Philosophy ; Religion

  6. PENGARUH PENGENDALIAN INTERNAL PERUSAHAAN DAN STRUKTUR CORPORATE GOVERNANCE TERHADAP FEE AUDIT

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    Esti Widiasari

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Good internal control and good corporate governance will reduce activities which will be carried out by auditor. The activities reduction will bring about auditor fee cutback. The purpose of the study is to examine the influence of internal control function and corporate governance structures, i.e. major shareholders, independent commissioners and audit committe, toward audit fees. This study is replication of Hay’s et al. research in 2008. The data collection uses purposive sampling method. Data was collected from annual reports of manufacturing companies which listed on Bursa Efek Indonesia in 2005-2007. The method used in analysis is multiple linear regression. The results show that internal audit functions do not affect to audit fees. By contrast, audit committee negatively influence toward audit fees. The two corporate governance structures (major shareholders and independent commissioners have significant positive influncial on audit fees. The results consistent with previous studies and consistent with the explanation that controls are complementary (controls, corporate governance and auditing are complement, an increase in one control will lead to an increase in the others.

  7. Aplikasi Visualisasi 3D Pada Struktur Sistem Rangka Manusia Berbasis Android

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    Satya Arisena Hendrawan

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The development of information technology has penetrated into various aspects of human life that it can perform an active role on information technology. In learning, for instance in the world of education, there are many simply interactive applications run on Android operating system . This application employs Unity 3D software as an editor. The initial step of making this final project is creating a design of user interface application. Waterfall Development used as methodology for developing this application. Stages of research method, requirements, design, implementation, testing, and maintenance. User application is capable to run all menus contained on the application of "3D Visualization of Human Skeleton Structure System". With this application android-based user can exercise anytime and anywhere, and this application can run well when tested using black-box and got positive results when tested to application user.

  8. KEPEMILIKAN MANAJERIAL, KEPEMILIKAN INSTITUSIONAL, DAN KINERJA KEUANGAN SEBAGAI PENENTU STRUKTUR MODAL PERUSAHAAN

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    Ida Maftukhah

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this research is to analyze the influence of managerial ownership, institutional ownership, asset growth, ROA, DPR, net sales, fixed asset ratio and corporate tax rate toward stock DER manufacturing company that listed on Indonesian Stock Exchange in the period of 2004-2008. Sample of this research consists of 10 manufacturing company. Purposive sampling methods were used as samples determining method. Data were provided by Indonesian Capital Market Directory (ICMD for each company. Analysis technique that used in this research is multiple linier regression. The result of this research shows that Managerial ownership as dummy variable and ROA have a negative and significant influence toward DER. Asset growth and DPR have a positive and significant influence toward DER. Institutional ownership have a positive and significant influence toward DER. Otherwise net sales, fixed asset ratio and corporate tax rate have a positive and not significant influence toward DER. The result of this research shows that adjusted R2 is 33,4%

  9. Struktur dan Kualitas Telur Ayam Lokal Khas Dayak Bagi Pengembangan dan Pelestarian Plasma Nutfah Ternak Unggas

    OpenAIRE

    Suhardi, Suhardi

    2013-01-01

    Local chicken is a chicken typical Dayak native of East Kalimantan Province from Berau District, subdistrict Segah and developed by the Dayak Kenyah and Ga' ai. Typical Dayak good local chicken to be developed as free-range chicken layer. The purpose of this research was to determine the structure and composition of chicken eggs as well as the its typical for evaluating the quality and nutrient content. The study was conducted from December 2010 to April 2011 at Department of Animal Husbandry...

  10. Struktur dan Perilaku Industri Maskapai Penerbangan di Indonesia Tahun 2003-2007

    OpenAIRE

    Santorizki, Baskoro

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to analyze market structure in Indonesia Airline Industry. Concentration ratio is used see the market structure and competition behavior. Seventeen (17) Airline Firm are used as sample for 2003-2007. We fad that airline industry in Indonesia face high oligopoly, competition so the best strategy of the firm in industry to win the competiton one price leadership, low cosh carrie, maintain the service and proposal.

  11. Sumatera Incidental Music Di Taman Budaya Sumatera Utara: Deskripsi Pengelolaan, Pertunjukan, dan Struktur Musik.

    OpenAIRE

    Hutagalung, Jefri

    2011-01-01

    Group musik Sumatera Incidental Music adalah salah satu grup musik yang menyajikan musik etnik dalam setiap pertunjukannya. Grup ini di ketuai oleh Hendri Perangin Angin dan bersekretariat di Taman Budaya Sumatera Utara. Pada awalnya Sumatera Incidental Music dibentuk oleh Hendri Perangin Angin dan Winarto Kartupat. Hendri Perangin Angin dan Winarto Kartupat mempunyai visi dan pemikiran yang sama untuk membentuk sebuah grup musik pada tahun 2000. Sehingga pada tanggal 8 apri...

  12. PENGARUH STRUKTUR BAHASA ARAB TERHADAP BAHASA INDONESIA DALAM TERJEMAHAN AL-QURʼAN

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    Yayan Nurbayan

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The process of translation in fact gave birth to a sociolinguistic phenomenon like bilingualism when the structure of a language that translated influence on the translation. This paper examines the translation of the Koran, which follows the pattern of the structure of the Arabic language in terms of word order (sequence pattern element of Arabic and Indonesian. Based on the analysis of the function, the result of translation is not necessarily a literal translation has the same syntactic pattern with the source text. Indonesian function often different in sentence patterns with sentence patterns of Arabic, although it is the literal translation of the Arabic sentence. It happened because of the workings of the Arabic grammarians differ from Indonesian linguist in analyzing its function. DOI: 10.15408/a.v1i1.1128

  13. KEPEMILIKAN MANAJERIAL DAN INSTITUSIONAL, KEBIJAKAN DIVIDEN, UKURAN PERUSAHAAN, STRUKTUR AKTIVA DAN PROFITABILITAS TERHADAP KEBIJAKAN HUTANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuli Soesetio

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available This research was conducted to know several factors that affected Debt policy andto know the significance level and the correlation between dependent and independent variable.Analysis instrument used was parametric statistic. Based on the result of statistic test, all ofindependent variables were able to explain simultaneously dependent variable of Debt policy,and particularly, variable of Managerial Ownership, Institutional Ownership, Assets Structure,and Profitability which were affected significantly towards Debt policy.

  14. HUBUNGAN STRUKTUR KEPEMILIKAN, TINGKAT UTANG, DIVIDEN, DAN NILAI PERUSAHAAN DALAM MENGURANGI KONFLIK KEAGENAN DI INDONESIA

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    Sri Dwi Ari Ambarwati

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available This research tried to analyze substitution relationship among debt policy, dividend and insider ownershipstructure as the agency control mechanism on manufacturing firms in period 2005-2009. The hypothesisproposed in this paper were there was a substitution relationship between insider’s ownership and debt policyin reducing agency conflict, there was a substitution relationship between debt and dividend policy in reducingagency conflict and there was substitution relationship between insider’s ownership and dividend policyin reducing agency conflict. This research used purposive sampling method to determine samples and therewere 42 firms as the samples. The analysis instrument used was simultaneous equation model by using twostages least square method. These empirical results verified that debt and dividend policy was determined bysimultaneous, while insider ownership did not influence debt policy. Hypothesis test showed that there was nosubstitution relationship between insider’s ownership and debt policy in reducing agency conflict, there wassubstitution relationship between debt and dividend policy in reducing agency conflict and there was substitutionrelationship between insider’s ownership and dividend policy in reducing agency conflict. Because as awhole, eventhough not fully, there was simultaneity among debt policy, insider’s ownership and dividend itwas expected to increase firm value.

  15. KEBIJAKAN DIVIDEN DAN STRUKTUR KEPEMILIKAN TERHADAP KEBIJAKAN UTANG: SEBUAH PERSPEKTIF AGENCY THEORY

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    Abdullah W. Djabid

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: This study aimed to analyze whether the dividend policy, managerial and institutionalownership had impact toward debt policy. The populations of this study were the go publicmanufacturers in BEI. The sample technique used was purposive sampling, and the analysismethod used was multiple regression method. The result showed that the dividend policy hadno impact toward the debt policy. This study failed to support statement that one of thealternatives could be chosen to reduce the agency conflict by increasing the dividend payoutratio. It was because there might be another factor influenced it, for example, the companyimplemented a stable dividend sharing policy which meant that the company should still paythe dividend although it was losing out or had debts. The managerial and institutional ownershiphad no impact toward the debt policy. Thus, this study failed to support a statement thatalternatives that could be chosen to reduce the agency conflict by increasing the management’sstockholding, and by increasing the institutional party’s stockholding.

  16. STRUKTUR KEPEMILIKAN SAHAM TERHADAP KEBIJAKAN UTANG PERUSAHAAN DI BURSA EFEK INDONESIA

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    Luh Gede Sri Artini

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper examined the effects of insider ownership, institutional investors and shareholders dispersion ondebt ratio by pooled regression model. The research Population was all the firms in LQ 45 in Indonesia StockExchange (IDX from 2009 until 2012, and sampling conducted in this research was purposive samplingmethod. Based on the criteria obtained by purposive sampling, 15 companies were eligible to be utilized as theresearch sample. The results of this research were that the impact of insider ownership was positive significanton debt ratio, the institutional investor had a significant positive impact on debt ratio, shareholder dispersionwas not significantly effect on debt ratio.

  17. Struktur Kepemilikan, Kebijakan Dividen, dan Leverage sebagai Determinan atas Nilai Perusahaan

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    Indah Eva Ambarwati

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to make research and prove the exis­tence of empirical evidence about the effect of Ownership Structure, Dividend Policy and Leverage partially and simultaneously by using multiple linear regression method. The results of the analysis in this study shows that the Ownership Structure, Dividend Policy and Leverage simultaneous effect on firm value. Partially, the variables that affect the value of the company is Leverage (Debt to Equity Ratio, Debt to Capital Asset Ratio, and Long Term Debt Ratio.

  18. PERUBAHAN STRUKTURAL TENAGA KERJA DARI SEKTOR PERTANIAN KE SEKTOR NON PERTANIAN DI PROVINSI LAMPUNG

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    Okwan Himpuni

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Agriculture is one of the sectors having largest contribution to the economy of Lampung Province. Most of the population categorized in to work forces, are engaged in agricultural sector as a main livelihood. In general, the rate of job opportunity growth is unbalance as compared to the work force growth. Although the job opportunity ofagricultural sector from year to year decreases compared to the job opportunity increases of non-agricultural and industrial sector.  But from economic sector points of view, the employment’s structure in agriculture, in average, is higher than the other economic sectors. Although in the employment’s structure it is higher than the other economic sectors, but the contribution of agricultural sector decreases each years 0.32 percent. This condition is inversely with non-agricultural and industrial sector that are strengthened respectively 0.4 percent and 0.59 percent from year to year. The tendency of economic structural transformation, gives an overview whether the transformation is consistent with region’s potention. Productivity of the agriculture work force is left far behind the productivity of industrial sector and service’s work forcesector. It the trendcan be seen from the comparation of agriculture’s wage rate, it showed an increase but it still lower than the industrial sector. Agricultural labor’s proportion indicates a decreasing trend in each year. This phenomenon has an inverse relation to the non agricultural and industrial labor’s proportions that has increased from year to year. This mean, there is structural transformation of labor of agriculture sector to non-agriculture sector. By using econometric model, it can be identified significant factors influencing to the job opportunity and the influencing factors to the labor structural transformation from agriculture to non agriculture sectorKeywords: Agricultural, labor, job opportunity, transformation, industrial

  19. Zmiany w składzie chemicznym źdźbąa zbóz w fazie kłoszenia przy różnym poziomie nawożenia mineralnego [Changes in the chemical composition of corn culms and their ear-forming stage depending on mineral fertilization

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    Maria Przeszlakowska

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available A study was curried out on the influence of mineral fertilization on the chemical composition of the cell walls of culms of wheat, barley, rye, and oats at the ear-forming stage. The content of reducing sugars, protein, pectin substances, hemicellulose, lignin, ash, and α-cellulose has been determined as well as the distribution of some of the micro- and macroelements in the lower and the upper parts of culm.

  20. Development of Software for the Simulation of Rolling Steel Under the Coexistence of Liquid and Solid State / Rozwój Oprogramowania Do Symulacji Walcowania Stali W Warunkach Współistnienia Fazy Ciekłej I Stałej

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    Jędrzejczyk D.

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents the results of the application simulating the rolling process of steel in terms of coexistence of liquid and solid phases. The created mathematical models can be the basis for creation of systems that simulate the final phase of the continuous casting process relying on using a roller burnishing machine for continuous casting of steel. For a complete description of the performance of the material during deformation in these conditions, the constructed mathematical model is a fully three-dimensional model and consists of three parts: thermal, mechanical, and density variation submodels. The thermal model allows the prediction of temperature changes during plastic deformation of solidifying material. The mechanical model determines the kinetics of plastic continuum flow in the solid and semi-solid states, and the resulting deformation field. The temperature of the process forces supplementing the description of the performance of the material with a density variation model that allows the prediction of changes in the density of the material during the final phase of solidification with simultaneous plastic deformation. For the purpose built model, experimental studies were performed using a physical simulator Gleeble 3800®. They allowed the determination of the necessary physical properties of the metal within the temperature of change state. In addition to presenting the developed models the work also includes the description of the author’s application that uses the above mathematical models. The application was written in the fully object-oriented language C++ and is based on the finite element method. The developed application beside the module data input, also consist of a module of three-dimensional visualization of the calculations results. Thanks to it, the analysis of the distribution of the particular rolling parameters in any cross-section of the rolled strip will be possible. The paper presents the results of the authors’ research in the area of the advanced computer simulation.

  1. Some Possibilities of Radiation Polymerization from the Gaseous Phase on Solid Bases; Possibilites de polymerisation radiochimique en phase gazeuse sur des lits de matiere solide; O nekotorykh vozmozhnostyakh radiatsionnoj polimerizatsii iz gazovoj fazy na tverdykh podlozhkakh; Perspectivas de la radiopolimerizacion en fase gaseosa sobre lechos de sustancias solidas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tsetlin, B. L.

    1963-11-15

    The unusual feature of graft polymer synthesis by solid ''bed'' irradiation in the presence of monomer vapours is that the activation centres initiating polymerization are in practice generated only on the bed; transmission of the kinetic chain to the monomer is impeded and new polymer chains grow only under the influence of the solid bed molecular forces. These features of gas phase processes enlarge the scope of the graft polymer technique, making it applicable to inorganic beds and usable in the synthesis of mineral organic products. If stretched synthetic fibres are used as a bed, on the other hand, their orientated macromolecules control the growth of new polymer chains and the graft polymer is formed directly as an orientated structure. Two-component combined fibres are formed as a result and the fibre-bed and ''grafted'' fibre may in appropriate circumstances each display their own particular complex of mechanical properties. (author) [French] La synthese des polymeres greffes par irradiation de ''lits'' de matiere solide en presence de vapeur de monomeres en voie de polymerisation presente les particularites suivantes: les centres actifs qui amorcent la polymerisation ne se forment pratiquement qu'a la surface du ''lit''; le transfertau monomere de la chaine en mouvement est rendu plus difficile; les nouvelles chafnes du polymere se developpent sous l'action unilaterale des forces moleculaires de la surface solide. Ces particularites du processus en phase gazeuse elargissent les possibilites qu'offre la methode de la polymerisation par greffage. La methode peut alors etre egalement appliquee aux lits non organiques et servir a la synthese de composes organomineraux. En revanche, lorsqu'on utilise comme lits des fibres synthetiques allongees, les macromolecules orientees de ces dernieres dirigent la croissance des nouvelles chaines du polymere de sorte que le polymere greffe se forme directement a l'etat oriente. On obtient ainsi des fibres cominees a deux composants; la fibre servant de lit et la fibre ''greffee'' peuvent, dans des conditions appropriees, presenter chacune son propre ensemble de proprietes mecaniques. (author) [Spanish] de vapores del monomero respectivo se caracteriza por los siguientes aspectos: los centros activos que inician la polimerizacion solo se forman en la superficie del lecho, obstaculizando el transporte de la cadena cinetica al monomero y las nuevas cadenas polimericas se desarrollan por influencia unilateral de las fuerzas moleculares en la superficie solida. Estas particularidades del proceso en fase gaseosa mejoran las perspectivas que ofrece el metodo de polimerizacion injertada. Asi, es factible extender la aplicacion del mismo a lechos inorganicos y emplearlo para la sintesis de compuestos organo-minerales. Por otra parte, si se emplean como lechos fibras sinteticas estiradas, las macromoleculas orientadas de estas fibras dirigen el desarrollo de las nuevas cadenas polimericas de modo que el polimero injertado se obtiene directamente en estado orientado. Como consecuencia, se forman fibras combinadas de dos componentes; las fibras del lecho y las fibras ''injertadas'' pueden, en condiciones apropiadas, ofrecer la suma de las propiedades mecanicas propias de cada tipo. (author) [Russian] Svoeobrazie sinteza privitykh polimerov putem oblucheniya tverdykh ''podlozhek'' v prisutstvii parov polimeriehuyushchikhsya monomerov sostoit v tom, chto aktivnye tsentry, initsiiruyushchie polimerizatsiyu, generiruyutsya prakticheski tol'ko na podlozhke, peredacha kineticheskoj tsepi monomeru zatrudnena, i novye polimernye tsepi rastut v usloviyakh odnostoronnego vliyaniya molekulyarnykh sil tverdoj poverkhnosti. Ehti osobennosti gazofaznogo protsessa rasshiryayut vozmozhnosti metoda privitoj polimerizatsii. Metod mozhet byt' rasprostranen v ehtom sluchae i na neorganicheskie podlozhki i ispol'zovan dlya sinteza mineral'no-organicheskikh produktov. S drugoj storony, pri ispol'zovanii v kachestve podlozhek vytyanutykh sinteticheskikh volokon orientirovannye makromolekuly poslednikh napravlyayut rost novykh polimernykh tsepej, i privitoj polimer obrazuetsya neposredstvenno v orientirovannom sostoyanii. V rezul'tate obrazuyutsya dvukhkomponentnye kombinirovannye volokna, prichem volokno-podlozhka i ''privitoe'' volokno mogut v sootvetstvuyushchikh usloviyakh proyavlyat' svoj sobstvennyj kompleks mekhanicheskikh svojstv. (author)

  2. 16 kanałowy układ sterownika silników krokowych przesuwników fazy RF 1,3 GHz zasilających nadprzewodzące wnęki rezonansowe lasera na swobodnych elektronach FLASH

    CERN Document Server

    Kielar, E; Wierba, W

    2011-01-01

    The LLRF (Low Level Radio Frequency) System has to control also the RF coupling with the FLASH accelerator cavities. It is done remotely by controlling RF Phase Shifters driven by step motors. It was necessary to design the multichannel stepper motors driver controlled via Ethernet. The driver is built on the basis of low-power CMOS 8-bit AVR RISC microcontroller and the MODBUS protocol. The 16 drivers integrated on a single PCB allow for controlling 16 RF (Radio Frequency) Phase Shifters for the proper adjustment of the waveguides to cavities coupling.

  3. HUBUNGAN ANTARA PENGUNGKAPAN ASPEK SOSIAL EKONOMITERHADAP SIZE, LIKUIDITAS, SOLVABILITAS DAN STRUKTUR KEPEMILIKAN (STUDIKASUS: JII DAN NON JII

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    Uun Sunarsih

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Today, companies start to have concerning on social activities. Accounting as a business tool is required to respond business development. Accounting's role emerges with social accounting to communicate companies social activities in order to get legitimation and to fulfil social accountability from both direct and indirect stakeholders. This research is aimed to know the disclosure of socio economic aspect of companies listed both at JII and Non JII and its relation with size, liquidity, solvability and ownership structure. Research sample consisted of the following industries listed in 2004: agricultural, mining and mining service, food and beverage, automotive, consumer goods, communication, transportation service, plastic and glass product, pharmaceuticals, real estate and property, lumber and wood product, electronic and office equipment and cement. Data analysis used in this study is two different mean and logistic analysis. The researchfinds that the average of social aspect disclosure for companies listed at JII are larger than companies listed at Non JII. This can be seen that the average of socio economic aspect disclosure at JII reached 38,53% and the most disclosed are consumer and product issue as of 63,33% followed by labor issue 57,43%, community issue 19,67% and environment and energy issue 13,67%. While for companies listed at Non JII, the average of socio economic disclosure aspect reached 34,11% andd the most disclosed are labor issue as of 59,95% followed by consumer and product issue 45,98%, community issue 18,56% and environment and energy issue 11,95%. The relation between size, liquidity, solvability and ownership structure for companies listed at JII after having variable reduction test, the result shows that only ln_size and ownership structure which are significant ata = 5%, whereas for the companies listed at Non JII only ownership structure which is significant at a = 5%. Keywords: Social Accounting,  company size,  liquidity,  solvability and ownership structure.

  4. Evaluasi Struktural Perkerasan Kaku Menggunakan Metoda AASHTO 1993 dan Metoda AUSTROADS 2011 Studi Kasus : Jalan Cakung-Cilincing

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    Shinta Rahmalia Irawan

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Cakung-Cilincing Jakarta National Road Section has very rapid traffic load for rigid pavement. The purpose of this study are determining overlay thickness and choosing suitable method for implementation. AASHTO 1993 and AUSTROADS 2011 method are used in this study and using on Falling Weight Deflectometer (FWD data. This study shows that value of Concrete Elasticity Modulus less than 3 million, then this rigid pavement is severely damaged. Based on AASHTO 1993 Method analysis, it needs 11 cm for flexible overlay and 12 cm for rigid overlay on lane 1 with 59% remaining life and lane 2 with 53% remaining life. AUSTROADS 2011 Methods use only FWD data and for overlay thickness determination is use new pavement analysis. Analysis using AUSTROADS 2011 Methods shows that flexible overlay requirement is 24 cm and rigid overlay requirement is 18.50 cm. Comparation between these two methods shows that AASHTO 1993 Method Analysis produce less overlay thickness than AUSTROADS 2011 Methods.

  5. Pertumbuhan dan Struktur Umur Kerang Kepah (Meretrix meretrix di Kampung Nipah Desa Sei Nagalawan Kecamatan Perbaungan Kabupaten Serdang Bedagai

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    Nafi Sakila

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Sei Nipah has enormous potential for natural resources. Natural resources that serve as the main livelihood in fulfilling daily needs in Kampung Nipah is shellfish. Shellfish (M. meretrix is one of the shells that many interested by the surrounding community. The purpose of this research is to know growth parameter and age group of shellfish (M. meretrix in Kampung Nipah. The sampling technique was done randomly (simple random sampling. Sampling time is done at low tide. Sampling was conducted in March - May 2017. The results showed differences in the length of different shells each month. The size group of shellfish (M. meretrix found only one size group during the three months of the study. Analysis of shellfish growth parameters based on data of long frequency distribution showed length of infiniti (L? 33,10 mm and growth growth (K that was 1,21 per month. Von Bertalanffy Growth Parameters Lt = 33.1 (1-e [-1.21 (t + 0.12] Long infiniti size is seen the growth of shellfish shells can no longer be worked Shells reach maximum length at the age of 13 months with a shell length of 33.10 mm.The youthful shells have rapid growth and as age increases, when it reaches old age the rate of growth will slow even.

  6. Size, structure and distribution of transport subsidies in Europe; Die Subventionierung des Verkehrs in Europa. Umfang, Struktur und Verteilung

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Huckestein, Burkhard (comp.)

    2008-06-15

    Transport contributes to several environmental problems such as climate change, air emissions and noise and is at the same time favoured by significant subsidies. An EEA report identifies European transport subsidies worth at least EUR 270 to 290 billion a year. Road transport receives EUR 125 billion in annual subsidies, most of it as infrastructure subsidies, assuming that taxes on road transport are not regarded as contributions to finance infrastructure. Aviation, as the mode with the highest specific climate impact, gets significant subsidies in the form of preferential tax treatment, in particular exemptions from fuel tax and VAT, which add up to EUR 27 to 35 billion per year. Rail is subsidised with EUR 73 billion per year and benefits the most from other on-budget subsidies. For water-borne transport, EUR 14 to 30 billion in subsidies have been identified. (orig.)

  7. EKSISTENSI KOMISI YUDISAL DALAM STRUKTUR KETATANEGARAAN REPUBLIK INDONESIA DAN YANG SEHARUSNYA DIATUR DALAM PERATURAN PERUNDANG-UNDANGAN

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    Muhammad Fauzan

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Existence of Judicial Commission in system of Republic of Indonesia is a long process in searching format of civic specially related to execution of judicial power. The chaos of execution of judicial power which influence of government and other power's have pushed the importance of a institute that able to " guarantee" the judicial power in order to according with the justice . the judicial Commission althought arranged in Chapter of IX UUD 1945 concerning Judicial Power, but judicial Commission is not executor of judicial power, Therefore Judicial Commission is not as institute enforcer of law of code, but as institute enforcer of ethic norm (ethics of code. Judicial Commission is expected can support the creation execution of judicial power which independence and free from other power.

  8. STRUKTUR HISTOLOGI HATI MENCIT(Mus musculus L. SETELAH PEMBERIAN EKSTRAK DAUN EKOR NAGA (Rhapidhophora pinnata Schott

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    Ni Komang Tia Pramesti

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Rhapidhophora pinnata, Schott is a traditional medical plant that has been use remedy for treatment of hypertension, stroke. Aims of  this research is to determine the effect of Rhapidhophora pinnata Schott leaf extract toward  mouse (Mus musculus L liverhistological structure. This research used completely randomized  design with 28 female mice that were divide into 4 groups of  P0 (control received 0,9% NaCl, group P1, P2, and P3 received 50, 100 and 150 mg/kg bw respectively by oral administration. The treatment were given daily for 14 days. All of the mice were sacrificed by ether after 15 days. The liver were examined for their histopathological changes, namely fatty degeneration, hydropic degenaration and necrosis. Results were statistically analised by Kruskal-Wallis method. Treatment groups showed no significant differences with regard of liver histopatological changes, however hemorrhage, sinusoid congestion and inflamatory cell infiltration were found in liver.   Keyword : Rhapidhophora pinnata Schott, liver, mice

  9. Memahami Anak dan Remaja Dengan Kasus Mogok Sekolah: Gejala, Penyebab, Struktur Kepribadian, Profil Keluarga, dan Keberhasilan Penanganan

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    Sutarimah Ampuni

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available This research is a case study conducted at the Unit Konsultasi Psikologi (Psycho-logical Consulting Unit of the Faculty of Psychology, Gadjah Mada University. Five cases of school refusal on children and adolescents were studied qualitatively to examine the patterns of symptoms and causes of school refusal, the personality types, the family profiles, and the accom¬plishment of treatments applied. Data was gathered using clinical assessments including clinical observations, interview, intelligence tests (the WISC, SPM, and personality tests (the drawing tests, the Children’s Sentence Completion Tests. Symptoms of school refusal as observed from the clients include psychological – such as irritability and bad mood in the morning, as well as physiological – such as headache and diarrhea. School refusal, as seen from the cases, usually are precipitated by a negative experience at school, but roots in the frail, vulnerable nature of personality of the subjects. The clients’ personality is characterized with low self-esteem and high dependency. Four of five patients were last child and the other one was only child, suggesting that birth constellation may correlate with the incidence of school refusal on children and adolescents. The type of parenting that prolongs unhealthy attach-ment and does not promote sufficient inde-pendence may explain this correlation. Furthermore, the fact that four of five clients came from relatively problematic families may also indicate that children from such a family may have higher susceptibility to school refusal. Keywords: school refusal, school phobia

  10. PENGARUH STRUKTUR MODAL TERHADAP NILAI PERUSAHAAN STUDI KASUS PERUSAHAAN MANUFAKTUR YANG TERCATAT DI BEJ TAHUN 2008-2011.

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    Agung Budiatmo

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Capital structure decision to influence the value of the company to date is still the actual issues in financial management. That there was no influence of the capital structure decision of enterprise value or not there is a difference of companies use debt in the capital structure of the company not using debt. The use of debt would give tax subsidies to the company's benefits to the optimal point, but when the optimal point exceeds the menurunakn value of the company. But that in the use of funding sources the company sorts the smallest risk in that is starting from the capital itself (internal capital, the issuance of debt and equity capital Structure (external is the sum of short-term debt balance of permanent, debt, preferred stock, and common stock. Every company analyzes a number of factors, and then set the targeted funding structure. This Target is always changing in accordance with the changing conditions, but at any time the company management there is shadow dibenak of targeted funds structure. Based on the calculation that the capital structure does not affect the value of the company. This is an indication that investors in Indonesia is not paying attention to the source of funding for the company but was more worried about how the use of such debt efficiently so as to increase the kemampulabaan of the company. Based on these findings, then companies can increase the use of debt in its capital structure.As long as the debt is able to provide larger benefits compared to costs arising from the use of debt.

  11. PENGARUH PERBEDAAN PENGELOLAAN AGROEKOSISTEM TANAMAN TERHADAP STRUKTUR KOMUNITAS SERANGGA PADA PERTANAMAN KEDELAI DI NGALE, KABUPATEN NGAWI, JAWA TIMUR

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    Lutfi Afifah

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Effect of different agroecosystem management on community structure of insects in soybean crop in Ngale, Ngawi District, East Java. Insect community structures in agroecosystem may always change. Agroecosystem management techniques affect insect community structure. The aim of this study was to determine the diversity and composition of insects on soybean plants under different pest management systems and varieties. The experiment design was split plot with varieties (Anjasmoro and Wilis as the main plots and pest management systems (Integrated Pest Management (IPM, Non-Chemical Management (P-NK, Chemical Management (P-K, and Control as the sub plots. There were ten insect sampling sessions for each plot. Samplings were done in June until September 2013 using pitfall traps, sticky traps, sweep net, and yellow pan traps. Statistically the results of experiment showed that varieties and pest management had no significant differences to the insects diversity. Herbivore and beneficial insect in soybean crop had differences composition between varieties Anjasmoro and Wilis. In both soybean Anjasmoro and Wilis varieties, herbivore populations tend to be higher in the control plots compared to the IPM plots. Abundance of decomposers, parasitoids, and predators tend to be higher in the control and P-NK plots which were without the use of synthetic insecticides compared to the IPM and P-K plots which were given the treatment of synthetic pesticides. This indicates that the use of pesticides causes decrease in the beneficial insect populations such as pollinator, parasitoids, and predators.

  12. BANGUNAN TINGGI MULTI FUNGSI SEBAGAI SINTESIS ARSITEKTUR DAN STRUKTUR Studi Analisis Jin Mao Tower Grand Hyatt Shanghai

    OpenAIRE

    Jimmy Priatman

    2005-01-01

    More than two decades, after the emerging of post- modern architecture, the split between construction technology and cultural expression in architecture appeared to become wider and wider. With the exception of a few "high-tech" buildings, the unity of art and applied science (technology) in design seems facing challenges. It is interesting to see how fast and unexpectedly the situation has changed. Many factors and people played a role in this reversal, many new buildings demonstrate that u...

  13. PENGARUH DOSIS DAN LAMA PERLAKUAN EKSTRAK DAUN KALIANDRA MERAH (Calliandra calothyrsus Meissn. TERHADAP STRUKTUR HISTOLOGI GINJAL MENCIT (Mus musculus L.

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    Nur Assiam

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to determine the effect of red calliandra (Calliandra calothyrsusMeissn. leaf extrac on the histological structure of the kidney of mice (Mus musculus L..Treatment was administered orally with varying doses. This research used a CompletelyRandomized Design in factorial pattern of two factors, doses (0 or control, 2, 4, and 6 mg/kgBW and length of treatment (7, 14, and 21 days, so there are 12 combination groups with 3replications of each. Organ was collected on days 8, 15, and 22 to observe histologicalstructure of the kidney. Renal histological observation of edema, Bowman’s spaceconstriction, and protein deposition, showed no correlation between both factors, but a veryreal correlation occurs in the damage of fatty degeneration, hemorrhage, and nucleuspyknotic. Histological observation of glomerular congestion and infiltration of inflammatorycells did not show any correlation between dose and duration of treatment.Keywords: red calliandra, histopathology of kidney, male mice

  14. Review: Anja Weiß (2001). Rassismus wider Willen. Ein anderer Blick auf eine Struktur sozialer Ungleichheit

    OpenAIRE

    Bremer, Helmut

    2002-01-01

    Die Arbeit liefert einen Beitrag zur Debatte um Rassismus und Interkulturalität sowie zur Anwendung qualitativer Forschungsverfahren im Rahmen der Theorie BOURDIEUs. Rassismus und Anti-Rassismus werden nicht isoliert betrachtet, sondern als eine Dimension sozialer Ungleichheit, die in eine umfassende Theorie sozialer Ungleichheit eingebunden werden muss. Vorgeschlagen wird BOURDIEUs Konzept von Habitus, Feld und Kapital. Das ermöglicht einen anderen Blick auf das Phänomen. Rassismus reproduzi...

  15. PENGARUH STRUKTUR KEPEMILIKAN SAHAM, KEBIJAKAN DIVIDEN DAN KEBIJAKAN HUTANG TERHADAP NILAI PERUSAHAAN (Studi Pada Perusahaan Yang Terdaftar di BEI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Herni Ali

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The main objective of this study is to examine the impact of ownership structure, dividend policy, debt policy on the value of the firms in Indonesian Stock Exchange. Data used in this research is financial data in the form  financial statements of public companies listed in Indonesian Stock Exchange. The statistical method used to test the hypothesis is Structural Equation Modeling (SEM analysis. The results of this study  shown that: ownership structure has a significant positive influence to dividend policy. Ownership structure significant negative influence to debt policy. Ownership structure have no influence to value of the firms. Dividend policy significant negative influence to debt policy. Dividend policy have no influence to value of the firms. Debt policy significant positive influence to value of the firms.DOI: 10.15408/etk.v13i2.1883

  16. Die verborgenen Mechanismen politischer Bildung: Zum Verhältnis von Struktur und Inhalt am Beispiel des Basiskonzepts Macht

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    Michael Brandmayr

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Dieser Beitrag möchte aus sozialisationstheoretischer Perspektive an die Diskussion um „kritische politische Bildung“ anknüpfen. Im Zentrum steht dabei der Begriff Hidden Curriculum, der auf latente Mechanismen im Prozess der schulischen Sozialisation hinweist, durch die in der Schule „auf der Hinterbühne“ (Zinnecker 1978 Normen, Werte und Einstellungen vermittelt werden. Im ersten Teil des Beitrags wird eine Fassung des Begriffs vorgeschlagen, die an historische Debatten anschließt, aber in diesem Zusammenhang geäußerte Einwände aufnimmt. Im zweiten Teil wird die Relevanz des Begriffes für die Frage der politischen Bildung gezeigt, wobei bemerkt wird, dass fachdidaktische politische Bildung diese Aspekte vernachlässigt, stattdessen an Vorerfahrungen im individualisierten Sinn anknüpft. Politische Bildung sollte auch besondere Bedingungen kollektiver Erfahrungen in der Institution Schule einbeziehen, denn einerseits strukturiert Schule Erfahrungsräume vor und lässt so bestimmte Erfahrungsmomente wahrscheinlicher werden; andererseits befördert Schule, dass Erfahrungen durch Prozesse sozialer Verstärkung (bedingt durch geringer werdende soziale Durchmischung eher im Sinne institutioneller Deutungsmuster interpretiert werden. Am Beispiel des Basiskonzepts Macht soll dargestellt werden, wie so der Anspruch der Ausgewogenheit der Inhalte nicht vollständig eingelöst werden kann. Die Möglichkeit eines emanzipativen Bildungs- und Reflexionsprozesses kann so infrage gestellt werden.

  17. Qualitätsprofil einer Rehabilitationsfachklinik für Naturheilverfahren -- Teil 1: Struktur, Qualitätssicherung und Interventionen

    OpenAIRE

    Melchart, Dieter;Wessel, Anne;Wunderlich, Stefanie

    2016-01-01

    To present a patient care evaluation program exemplified by a rehabilitation clinic for complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) with focus on aspects of structure quality, steps of quality assurance and interventions administered. Methods: Assessment of previously defined criteria of structure (general characteristics of the facility, staff, medical equipment and constructional features, medical concept, continuing care, internal communication) and measures of qua...

  18. PEMASARAN BUAH NENAS (KAJIAN STRUKTUR, PERILAKU, DAN PENAMPILAN PASAR DI DESA KUALU NENAS KECAMATAN TAMBANG KABUPATEN KAMPAR

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    Sandro Chrystop Sinaga

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to identify marketing channels and market structure pineapple, pineapple analyzing market behavior and analyzing the performance of pineapple fruit market in the village of Kualu Nenas. The data collection method is a survey method. Determination by purposive sampling of respondents and the formula slovin on pineapple growers as much as 33 farmers. Determination of the number of traders, wholesalers and agents agroindustrial determined by census where traders, wholesalers and agents agroindustrial taken based on the accumulation of 33 farmers who sell pineapples to traffickers and agro industry in the village Kualu Nenas, there are 8 traders , 6 wholesalers, and 8 players in the industry. Descriptive analysis of data on the market structure and concentration ratio harfindahl index (HI, for the behavior of markets analyzed by correlation and elasticity of the transmission, and the appearance of markets analyzed by the equation margin trading system. The results showed the market structure market share, concentration ratios, and HI traders at 0.5469, 54.69%, and 0.2990, market share, concentration ratios, and HI wholesalers at 0.6878, 68.78%, and 0.4730, and market share, concentration ratios and HI agro-industry amounted to 0.5145, 51.45%, and 0.2647 of its market structure among the three is oligopsony. Market behavior indicates correlation values 0523 and 0515 transmission elasticity analysis. Appearance market views on marketing margin is relatively large and is dominated by the great results and uneven. Apart from it can be seen also from the uneven distribution margin, the share price received by farmers is still relatively low and the ratio of benefits and costs to farmers is still low. In addition, the bargaining power of farmers is weak because prices are determined unilaterally by traders, especially on the channel I and channel II while the third channel is relatively better because of the level of efficiency is lower Keywords:Pineapple, Study Structure, Behavior, And Appearance Market.

  19. Verfahren zur Hydroformylierung, Liganden mit von Bisphenol A abgeleiteter Struktur und Katalysator umfassend einen Komplex dieser Liganden

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    2002-01-01

    Die vorliegende Erfindung betrifft ein Verfahren zur Hydroformylierung ethylenisch ungesättigter Verbindungen, wobei man als Hydroformylierungskatalysator wenigstens einen Komplex eines Metalss der VIII. Nebengruppe mit wenigstens einer phosphorhaltigen Verbindung als Liganden einsetzt, wobei diese

  20. DETERMINAN PROFITABILITAS BANK MELALUI Z-SCORE, STRUKTUR MODAL, SIZE, RISIKO KREDIT DAN PERMODALAN PADA INDUSTRI PERBANKAN NASIONAL

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    Anton Ferry Ananda

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to analyze the influence of the value of the Z-Score, capital structure, size, credit risk and capital as measured by CAR on bank profitability. The object of this study is on the national banking industry. The sampling technique used in this research is purposive sampling. The sample in this study is a bank which went public on the Stock Exchange prior to the year 2013 and to publish financial statements in 2013 and 2014. The samples were 27 banks. Period study in 2013 and 2014. The analysis technique used multiple linear regression. The results showed that simultaneous Z-Score, capital structure, size, credit risk and capital effect on profitability. Partially value of the Z-Score, size, risk and CAR effect on profitability, while the capital structure policy has no effect on profitability.

  1. Electronic structure of epitaxial chalcopyrite surfaces and interfaces for photovoltaics; Elektronische Struktur epitaktischer Chalkopyrite und deren Heterokontakte fuer die Photovoltaik

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hofmann, Andreas

    2012-02-14

    This thesis constitutes a comprehensive study of the surface physics of epitaxial CuInSe{sub 2} films. It comprises analyses of the surface morphology and reconstruction, electronic band structure as well as hetero-junctions relevant to photovoltaic applications. Therefore, especially the aspect of stoichiometry variation from the CuInSe{sub 2} to the copper-deficient defect phases was considered. Preparation and analysis was completely performed under ultra-high vacuum conditions in order to ensure the investigation of well-defined samples free of contaminants. For some of the analysis techniques, single-crystalline samples are indispensable: They allow for the determination of surface periodicity by low-energy electron diffraction (LEED). In combination with concentration depth profiling by angle-resolved x-ray photoemission, to types of surface reconstructions could be distinguished for the near-stoichiometric CuInSe{sub 2}(112) surface. In the copper-rich case, it is stabilized by Cu{sub In} anti-site defects and on the indium-rich side by 2 V{sub Cu} defects, as predicted by surface total energy calculations by Jaffe and Zunger. Both configurations correspond to a c(4 x 2) reconstruction of the zinc blende type (111) surface. For the defect compound CuIn{sub 3}Se{sub 5}, a sphalerite order of the surface was found, which points at a weakening or absence of the chalcopyrite order in the bulk of the material. The unusual stability of the (112) surface could also be proven by comparison with the reconstruction and surface order of (001) and (220) surfaces. The results from surface analysis were used to measure the valence band structure of the epitaxial samples by synchrotron-based angle-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy. The CuInSe{sub 2}(001) surface gives access to the high symmetry directions {Gamma}-T and {Gamma}-N of momentum space. By contrasting the data obtained for the stoichiometric surface with the copper-poor defect compound, a reduction of the valence band dispersion and a broadening of electron states was observed, which can be understood as a higher localization of electronic states and lower crystal quality. In addition, a strong rearrangement of the copper partial density of states was shown. The intimate knowledge of the electric structure was then exploited to demonstrate the valence band discontinuity between CuInSe{sub 2} and CuIn{sub 3}Se{sub 5}. The analysis by photoemission yielded a valence band offset of 0.28 eV, again in reasonable agreement with theoretical results. The p-n-junction in chalcopyrite solar cells is situated near the absorber-buffer interface, which is therefore crucial for the device performance. In this thesis, ZnO deposited from metal-organic precursors on epitaxial CuInSe{sub 2} was investigated as cadmium-free buffer material. In the course of contact formation, the interfacial region of the absorber becomes depleted of copper. Additionally, a thin intrinsic ZnSe layer is formed, prior to the growth of ZnO. The derived band alignments show no dependence on the surface orientation of the chalcopyrite substrate and are consistent with theoretical results. The conduction band lineup is favorable for the application in solar cells.

  2. Pertumbuhan dan Struktur Umur Kerang Kepah (Meretrix meretrix) di Kampung Nipah Desa Sei Nagalawan Kecamatan Perbaungan Kabupaten Serdang Bedagai

    OpenAIRE

    Nafi Sakila; Dinda Ayu Ramadhani; Ani Suryanti

    2017-01-01

    Sei Nipah has enormous potential for natural resources. Natural resources that serve as the main livelihood in fulfilling daily needs in Kampung Nipah is shellfish. Shellfish (M. meretrix) is one of the shells that many interested by the surrounding community. The purpose of this research is to know growth parameter and age group of shellfish (M. meretrix) in Kampung Nipah. The sampling technique was done randomly (simple random sampling). Sampling time is done at low tide. Sampling was condu...

  3. STRUKTUR HISTOLOGI TRAKEA TIKUS PUTIH (Rattus sp. YANG TERPAPAR ASAP ROKOK SETELAH DIBERI EKSTRAK BUAH JUWET (Syzygium cumini L.

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    I Komang Angga Kristiawan

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to determine the effect of juwet fruit extract on histological structure of rat(Rattus sp  trachea which exposed to cigarette smoke. This research used Completely Randomized Design (CRD, with four treatments: the control group (K0 treated with 0.5 % CMC–Na, (K1 group is exposed to cigarette smoke, (K2 group were given juwetfruit extract, and (K3 group is exposed to cigarette smoke and juwet fruit extracts. Each treatment consisted of 6 rats as replication. The exposure to cigarette smoke is given from  an aerator pump lit cigarettes. Juwet fruit extract and 0.5 % CMC - Na was orally administered (gavage method for 48 days. The existence of comperative descriptive observed cilia. And goblet number, high epithelium and lumen diameter Data were analyzed with ANOVA and If they were 5 % significantly different would be followed by Duncan test. Results showed that the extract of the fruit juwet significant effect on the histological structure of the trachea mice that had been exposed to smoke.

  4. BANGUNAN TINGGI MULTI FUNGSI SEBAGAI SINTESIS ARSITEKTUR DAN STRUKTUR Studi Analisis Jin Mao Tower Grand Hyatt Shanghai

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    Jimmy Priatman

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available More than two decades, after the emerging of post- modern architecture, the split between construction technology and cultural expression in architecture appeared to become wider and wider. With the exception of a few "high-tech" buildings, the unity of art and applied science (technology in design seems facing challenges. It is interesting to see how fast and unexpectedly the situation has changed. Many factors and people played a role in this reversal, many new buildings demonstrate that utilitarian artifacts do not have to be oppressive to creativity but can evoke new innovation. One of the most significant contributors was JIN MAO TOWER at Shanghai, China. The paper analyses this building as a genuine synthesis of rational intelligence with art poetry that is still possible. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Lebih dari dua dekade setelah timbulnya arsitektur pasca modern, pemisahan antara tekknologi konstruksi dan ekspresi kultural dalam arsitektur menjadi semakin lebar. Dengan perkecualian beberapa gedung "high-tech", kesatuan antara seni dan teknologi dalam tahap desain terlihat menghadapi tantangan tantangan. Tetapi menarik untuk diamati bahwa situasi telah berubah. Banyak faktor dan tokoh tokoh arsitek memegang peranan penting dalam perubahan ini, banyak bangunan bangunan baru mendemontrasikan bahwa artefak fungsionil tidak bearti menindas kreativitas namun dapat membangkitkan inovasi baru. Salah satu kontributor yang sangat penting adalah JIN MAO TOWER di Shanghai-China. Makalah ini membahas bangunan tersebut sebagai sintesis orijinal yang masih memungkinkan antara kecerdasan rasional dengan puisi seni arsitektur. Kata kunci: Sintesis.

  5. Analisis Dampak Nilai Tanggapan Nasabah terhadap Kepuasan dan Kesetiaan Nasabah dalam Jasa Pelayanan Perbankan: Model Persamaan Struktur

    OpenAIRE

    Sandria, Wella

    2015-01-01

    This research aims to measure the impact of customer perceived value to customer satisfaction and loyalty on the banking services and to compare the customer and loyalty levels on Bank A and Bank B. A research model was developed to investigate the impact of perceived value to customer satisfaction and loyalty customer perceived value and customer satisfaction measured by using six items while customer loyalty measured by using five items. All of the measurement used the seven point Likert sc...

  6. OSOB NGALAMAN (BAHASA SLANG ASAL MALANG SEBAGAI SALAH SATU I-CON MALANG (Studi Struktur Osob Ngalaman, dalam Sosial Network

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aji Setyanto

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Malang raya as a place of a tourist destination , must always be innovating and innovation to keep the existence and increase the appeal for tourists. One thing that should not be forgotten is that Malang has Osob Ngalaman or language Malangan. That language has two the main characteristics namely: typical language Malang / the dialect of malang (osob ngalaman and their language Walikan. Both are fused and inseparable in language usage , both in oral and written. This research is a qualitative descriptive study aims to determine the dialect Malangan covering the structure of words, phrases and grammatical structure of the language used by people in the social network community. These results indicate that the structure of the word in Osob Ngalaman, there are variety of structures, even there is no rule of words between the speakers and the other said flipping the different words. In addition to reverse the order of the letters in the words, in Osob Ngalaman also contained original words such as Genaro, Lawet, Sibun. OsobNgalaman used the words of a language, 2 or even 3 languages (Java, Bahasa, and English. There are sentences that all words are reversed. Generally, not all the words revesed. Number of words that reversed also varies its speakers depends. For the benefit of tourism promotion and sustainability Osob Ngalaman it is necessary to stipulate or established institution OSOB NGALAMAN CENTER. It has a duty major: documenting Osob Ngalaman; conducted a study of continuous to the development of Osob Ngalaman; Formulating simple textbook, making a Osob Ngalaman dictionary; became the central of learning Osob Ngalaman ; designing and planning to using Osob Ngalaman as means of Malang tourism promotion.

  7. STRUKTUR KEPEMILIKAN, MEKANISME TATA KELOLA PERUSAHAAN, DAN BIAYA KEAGENAN DI INDONESIA (Studi Empirik pada Perusahaan di Bursa Efek Indonesia

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    Paulus Basuki Hadiprajitno

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available This study is to examine the effect of corporate governance (the owners’s character and thegovernance mechanism on agency cost. This research shows that family ownership, financialinstitution ownership, government ownership, and foreign ownership have negative effects onagency cost that is proxied as managerial operation cost and or as assets turnover, compared topublic ownership. Furthermore, ownership concentration of at least 5 percent each is not provento effect the agency cost. Results of other examination show that the proportion of independentboard and the number of board meetings have negative effects to the agency cost that is proxiedas assets turnover. However, these two variables and the number of audit committee meetinghave the opposite effect to the agency cost when it is proxied as managerial operation cost.Theseinconsistencies are caused by the ineffective implementation of corporate governance mechanismin Indonesia even after 10 years of implementation.

  8. PENGARUH STRUKTUR KEPEMILIKAN, LEVERAGE, PROFITABILITAS DAN KEBIJAKAN DIVIDEN TERHADAP MANAJEMEN LABA DENGAN KUALITAS AUDIT SEBAGAI VARIABEL MODERASI

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    Ayu Dwi Hasty

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to examine the effect of ownership structure, leverage, profitability and dividend policy on earnings management. In addition, this study wanted to test audit quality as a moderating variable on the relationship between ownership structure, leverage, profitability and dividend policy on earnings management. Independent variables used in this research are managerial ownership, leverage, profitability, and dividend policy. Dependent variable used in this research is earnings management. While the moderation variable used in this research is audit quality. The sample in this research is a manufacturing company listed on Indonesia Stock Exchange in the period 2013-2015. The total sample used was 99 for three consecutive years, taken through purposive sampling. The method of analysis of this research using multiple linear regression analysis. The results of this study indicate that managerial ownership negatively affect earnings management, leverage and profitability have a positive effect on earnings management, while dividend policy has no positive effect on earnings management for model 1. As for model 2 shows that managerial ownership has a significant negative effect on earnings management, leverage, profitability and dividend policy have a positive effect on earnings management. Audit quality is not able to moderate the relationship between managerial ownership, leverage, profitability, dividend policy on earnings management. Keywords: managerial ownership, leverage, profitability, dividend policy, earnings management, audit quality

  9. Teoretski pogled na razvojne strukture slovenskega podeželja = Theoretical view on the development structures of Slovenian rural space

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    Marijan M. Klemenčič

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Theoretical concepts and research problems of contemporary rural space are presented in the first part of the article, following with the attempt of defining the crucial factors of development and basic structures of Slovenian rural space after the 2nd World War as a starting-point for defining theoretically more advanced concepts in Slovenian geography.

  10. Methandiid-basierte Cabenkomplexe: Von ihrer Synthese und elektronischen Struktur zur Anwendung in Bindungsaktivierungsreaktionen und katalytischen Umsetzungen

    OpenAIRE

    Weismann, Julia

    2015-01-01

    Die vorliegende Arbeit beschäftigt sich mit der Anwendung des Sulfonyl-stabilisierten Methandiids 20-Li2 als Ligand in Übergangsmetallkomplexen. Dabei konnte 20-Li2 mit ver-schiedenen Übergangsmetallhalogeniden in Salzmetathesereaktionen umgesetzt werden. Insgesamt wiesen die synthetisierten Methandiid-basierten Komplexe flexible Bindungsverhältnisse bezüglich der MC-Bindung und unterschiedliche Koordinationsmodi der Sulfonyl-Gruppe auf, die die Stabilität und Reaktivität der Komplexe signif...

  11. KOMPOSISI DAN STRUKTUR VEGETASI MANGROVE DI PANTAI TANJUNG BASTIAN KABUPATEN TIMOR TENGAH UTARA PROVINSI NUSA TENGGARA TIMUR

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    LUDGARDIS LEDHENG

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available This research was carried out in Tanjung Bastian Beach, on February and March 2009. The aim of this research is to identify composition, structure and environment condition of mangrove vegetation in Tanjung Bastian Beach, North Middle East Regency, Province of Nusa Tenggara Timur.Research method used was observation and squares sampling technique that straight with beach line toward upland. Data was analyzed using vegetation analysis.The result of this research shows that Tanjung Bastian mangrove with mangrove thickness about 50 – 1000 m, arranged by 29 type mangrove vegetation which consist of 11 major mangrove, 5 minor mangrove and 13 mangrove associate. In the A location where the activity was high, Significant Value Index of plant level and highest plant, dominated by Bruguiera gymnorrhiza 79,49% and 99,88%, while for pole level and seedling, dominated by Rhizophora apiculata 106,93% and 50,02%. In B location, the highest INP of plant level, pole and seedling dominated by B. gymnorrhiza with score 62,03%; 99,57%; 108,52% and 48,22%. B. gymnorrhiza also dominates for plant level, pole and seedling in C location with each value 55,05%; 49,68%; 69,39% and 35,81%. B. gymnorrhiza is predicted to dominate mangrove trees population in the Tanjung Bastian mangrove area. This is indicated with high population of seedling level and pole in the location with medium activity level and nature forest. Vegetation Variety Index Tanjung Bastian beach mangrove range between 0.6774 -1,1513, catagorized as poor.Destruction level of mangrove vegetation in C location nature forest is still in good category, while for B and A location medium and high activity is categorized as damage mangrove forest according to SK MENLH RI No. 201 Year 2004, about Standard Criteria and Standard of Mangrove Damage Principle.Condition of basic substrate in Tanjung Bastian mangrove dominated by sandy loam with organic-C range between 0,40 -4,04%. N value, range between 0,03 -0.12%, P, 12,72 -44,47ppm, while K rate, 202,81 – 671,42 ppm. Mangrove temperature condition range between 28,87 – 30,950C, with pH rate 7,5 -8,0 and salinity range between 30 -33%o.

  12. Validitas Utrecht-Management Of Identity Commitments Scale (U-MICS) Versi Indonesia: Struktur Faktor, Invariansi Pengukuran Gender, dan Usia

    OpenAIRE

    Muttaqin, Darmawan

    2017-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of Indonesian version of the U-MICS, a measure three identity dimensions. Participants were 910 adolescents (12-21 years old). The Confirmatory Factor Analyses and Multi-Group Analyses were used to examine the factor structure, gender, and age measurement invariance of Indonesian version of the U-MICS. We further tested the gender and age differences using Multivariate Analysis of Variance. The results indicated that the fac...

  13. AD-DÛDAH WATS-TSU‘BÂN (CACING DAN ULAR KARYAALI AHMAD BAKATSIR: ANALISIS STRUKTURAL MODEL BADR

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    Sangidu Sangidu

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Ad-Dûdah wats-Tsu‘bân ‘worm and snake’ is an arabic play which represents the condition of Egypt society in conquering French imperialism. So the ideas of arrousing this play is due to the confusion, disruption, and internal and vertical conflicts within Egyptians. They made such a reaction because they couldn’t find a leader who could help and protect them. Therefore, the appearance of Sulaiman Al-Jausaqi was thought as a figure who can calm them down. He was a religious man who concerned much on the problems of the society. This kind of hero was the one who successively made a strategy to fight against the French imperialism to the end of his dead as Syahid. Besides, a more alive scene and coherence of this play can be seen as in another heroic character from France, Napoleon Bonaparte.   Key words: konflik internal dan vertikal, imperialisme, syahid, dan koherenitas.

  14. STRUKTUR NALAR TEOLOGI ISLAM PERSPEKTIF JOSEF VAN ESS; ANALISA ATAS ORISINILITAS DAN KETERPENGARUHAN NALAR KALA>M

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    Fahmy Farid Purnama

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: At the beginning, the development of kala>m tradition is to understand the activity of ‘thinking’ as a 'discussion', not an effort to 'proving' logically (demonstration. So the logical structure of Islamic theology functions as activities rhetorical-dialectic (dialectical theology. Rapidly, Kalam discourse intersection with Aristotle syllogism has brought a new dynamic in the face of Islamic theology. Although the development of logical structure of Islamic theology is quite dynamic, but according to Josef van Ess, the philosophy of Aristotle had never really 'conquered' the influence of Stoicism in designing Islamic theology. Discourse kala>m always confined within the framework of baya>ni. Kalam is being stuck in nalar baya>ni itself get various lawsuits. Qiya>s baya>ni considered cannot explain inimitable (incomparable at all, the reality of God. Epistemology study about kala>m done by Josef van Ess, gives an understanding that Islamic tradition has a distinctive character of its rationality. Thus, assuming no growth of rationality in Islam refuted itself. Nevertheless, kala>m cannot be separated from the affect of various shades of reasoning that develops in time Keywords: Kala>m, Mantiq (logika, Analogi, Silogisme, `Illat (middle term dan  Stoikisme

  15. Penentuan Struktur Modal Optimal Pada Perusahaan Sektor Properti, Real Estate, dan Kontruksi yang Terdaftar di Bursa Efek Indonesia

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    M. Rustam

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to determine the optimal capital structure of property, real estate, and construction companies listed in Indonesia Stock Exchange. The motivation of this study is due to the current research results are still not able to answer whether the optimal capital structure exists. Based on trade-off theory, the optimal capital structure occurs when a company has a minimum capital cost. However,  it is not explained how much capital structure needed to achieve the company maximum value. In addition, this sample business sector is chosen because there are a numeours firms with an adequate long-term debt which make it possible to examine their capital structure. The method used are the nonlinear regression and Monte Carlo simulation method. These methods were chosen because the formulation of optimal capital structure is arguably complex. There are 47 samples from all property, real estate, and construction companies. The data set covered 11 years ie (2000-2010. The results showed that the optimal capital structure of properties, real estate and construction companies which are measured by the ratio between the long-term debt and equity is 0.99. Most companies of these sectors have not reached the optimal capital structure yet because the average results from these companies are 0.31.

  16. Struktur dan Kultur Dominasi: Relasi Agensi dan Strukturasi dalam Pembentukan Kultur Prajurit TNI Angkatan Darat pada Era Reformasi

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    K. J. Sihotang

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Institutionally, the Indonesian National Military (TNI in the New Order era dominated the social and political system in Indonesia. The domination ended by the falling of the Soeharto regime and the emergence of the Reformation era. Nevertheless, the TNI has not undertaken cultural reformation especially on the military-cultural personnel although institutionally it has done so. On the military-cultural personnel aspect, the TNI personnel culture is still dominated by the long-existing feudalistic. This work, therefore, focuses on the practices of discipline, loyalty and militancy as the three basics of the culture of the TNI personnel. To discuss the issue, this project employs the agency and structure of Anthony Giddens and habitus of Pierre Bourdieu theories for analytical purposes.

  17. Evaluasi Struktural Perkerasan Lentur Menggunakan Metode AASHTO 1993 dan Metode Bina Marga 2013 Studi Kasus: Jalan Nasional Losari - Cirebon

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    Akhmad Haris Fahruddin Aji

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of of this research is to analyze structural flexible pavement by using Bina Marga 2013 Method and comparing with AASHTO 1993 Method, both of which are part of the non-destructive evaluation methods. Structural evaluation of flexible pavement by AASHTO 1993 Method carried out based on data deflections d1 and d6 of survey FWD (Falling Weight Deflectometer to calculate value of Resilient Modulus of subgrade (MR and Pavement Effective Modulus (EP, and then it used to determine SNeff value (Structural Number Effective, SNf value (Structural Number in the Future, and overlay thickness. While Bina Marga 2013 Method, first step of evaluation is analyzing the choice of treatment which is based on 3 trigger value, ie: Deflection Trigger, IRI Trigger, and Conditions Trigger, then continued by calculation of overlay thickness through mechanistic design approaches with graphics and General Mechanistic Procedure (GMP. Comparison of the two methods shows that overlay thickness calculation of Bina Marga 2013, is thinner than calculation of AASHTO 1993 for the same modeling assumptions, this is because Bina Marga 2013 using the analytical method with the help of CIRCLY programs so that strain stress analysis of structural as a response of pavement can be determined more accurately and represent the actual conditions on site, compared to analytical-empirical method used in AASHTO 1993 Method.

  18. Firemní efektivita: vliv vlastnických struktur a finančních ukazatelů

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Hanousek, Jan; Kočenda, Evžen; Mašika, M.

    2012-01-01

    Roč. 60, č. 4 (2012), s. 459-483 ISSN 0032-3233 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GAP403/12/0080 Institutional support: PRVOUK-P23 Keywords : efficiency * firms * foreign direct investment Subject RIV: AH - Economics Impact factor: 0.722, year: 2012 http://www.vse.cz/polek/abstrakt.php3?IDcl=857

  19. STRUKTUR KOMUNITAS TANAMAN BAWAH, DAN JENIS-JENIS YANG BERMANFAAT SEBAGAI TANAMAN OBAT DI KAWAASAN HUTAN LINDUNG KALIURANG

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    SUTOMO SUTOMO

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Low layer plants as one of component in forest ecosystem today still lack of attention due to the limited information about them. Low layer plants plays an important role in forest ecosystem, and also they are potential to be use as a medicinal plants, genetic resources and other uses that are not yet revealed. For that reason reseach about Low Layer Plants ; Community Structure and Their Use as Medicinal Plants need to be conducted. The objective of this research was to get the information about : (1 Community structure of low layer plants in compartment seven Kaliurang protection forest and (2 Species that are use as a medicinal pants. To fulfill this goal, small plots of 1 x 1 m along forest pathways were made in sampling area. Result showed that as many as 47 species of low layer plants were found in sampling area. There were five main species which has high importance value index : Eupatorium riparium Regel. with importance value index 21,29%, followed by Eleusine indica Gaertn.17,82 % , Oplismenus burmanii Beauv. 14,61 %, Diplazium proliferum 14,04% and Panicum reptans Kunth. 11,27 %. From those 47 species, as many as 10 species are known as a medicinal plants, they are : Melastoma malabathricum L., Physalis angulata Heyne, ex. Wall., Ageratum conyzoides Linn., Elephantopus scaber Linn., Psidium guajava Linn., Justicia gendarussa Linn., Alocasia macrorhiza Schott., Eleusine indica Gaertn., Villebrunea rubescens Bl. and Phyllanthus niruri L.

  20. Structure and characteristics of EB-PVD thermal insulation layers; Struktur und Eigenschaften von EB-PVD-Waermedaemmschichten

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schulz, U. [Deutsche Forschungsanstalt fuer Luft- und Raumfahrt e.V. (DLR), Koeln (Germany). Inst. fuer Werkstoff-Forschung

    1996-12-31

    Thermal insulation layers for guide blades and rotor blades in the first two stages of a high-pressure turbines are produced by electron-beam physical vapour deposition for maximum quality. The layers have a lifetime that is longer by a factor of 2 to 10 than for plasma-sprayed layers. The following characteristics of the ceramic layer have a decisive influence on the life of the composite system: Phase composition, distribution and stability, microstructure, density, thickness, crack distribution and cohesive strength. Some selected aspects of the interdependence between production parameters, microstructure of the thermal insulation layer and service life are gone into. [Deutsch] Zur Herstellung von Waermedaemmschichten (WDS) fuer Turbinenleit- und Laufschaufeln der ersten beiden Stufen in der Hochdruckturbine wird fuer hoechste Ansprueche an die Schichtqualitaet das EB-PDV-Verfahren (electron-beam physical vapour deposition) eingesetzt. Die Lebensdauer dieser Schichten ist um den Faktor 2 bis 10 besser als beim Plasmaspritzen. Bei der keramischen Waermedaemmschicht selbst beeinflussen folgende Eigenschaften die Lebensdauer des Gesamtschichtsystems nachhaltig: Phasenzusammensetzung, -verteilung und -stabilitaet, Mikrogefuege, Dichte, Dicke, Rissverteilung und kohaesive Festigkeit. Auf einige ausgewaehlt Aspekte des Zusammenhangs zwischen Herstellungsparametern, Mikrostruktur der Waermedaemmschicht und Lebensdauer wird kurz eingegangen. (orig.)

  1. ANALISIS POLA KONVERSI LAHAN SAWAH DAN STRUKTUR HUBUNGAN PENYEBAB DAN PENCEGAHANNYA (STUDI KASUS KABUPATEN SUBANG, PROVINSI JAWA BARAT

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    Paulus Basuki Kuwat Santoso

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available The extent of land use and land cover (LULC of paddy field in Subang Regency has decreased because of the conversion into non-paddy field. The objectives of this research were to review the spatial pattern of LULC change, to analyze the cause and to identify the anticipation strategy of paddy field conversion. The analysis used the Landsat data of 1999, 2004, 2009, and 2014 which were interpreted by supervise technique. The interpretation result was compared with the existing LULC and was examined by Kappa methode. This research focuses on the spatial pattern of LULC change, integrated with the Interpretative Structural Modeling (ISM to review the cause and the anticipation strategy of the conversion. The results revealed that the paddy field was converted into plantation, built-up area, and dryland agriculture. The ISM result revealed that the conversion causes were: (1 increasing the farmer economic needs, (2 increasing the built-up area, (3 increasing the selling price of land and (4 decreasing the farming motivation. To anticipate the conversion, several priorities are needed, namely (1 rehabilitation of the irrigation infrastructures and regulation of the spatial planning, (2 tighten the conversion permit and maximization of the abandoned land, and (3 giving the incentive and disincentive for the farmers, land consolidation, and establishment of corporate farming.

  2. Pengaruh Role Stress, Gender, Struktur Audit dan Profesionalisme terhadap Kinerja Auditor Bpk-ri Perwakilan Provinsi Riau

    OpenAIRE

    Wiguna, Meilda; Nasir, Azwir; Ramadika, Adhitio Pratama

    2014-01-01

    The study aimed to examine the role stress, gender, audit structure, andprofessionalism on auditor performance of BPK-RI representative Riau province.The sample was taken using the method of purposive sampling from BPKRIrepresentative Riau province. The sampling used was of 50 samples. Themethod of analysis in this study using multiple regression.The results of this study indicate that gender and audit structure effect onauditor performance. While role stress and professionalism does not effe...

  3. Analisis Numerik Link Panjang dengan Penambahan Pelat Sayap Tepi terhadap Peningkatan Kinerja Struktur Rangka Baja Berpengaku Eksentrik

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    Musbar

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Conducting research in anticipating earthquake damage at building has been developed continuosly. One of it is Eccentrically Braced Frame (EBF for steel frame. EBF uses link element to absorb earthquake energy. Failure at long type link dominantly is caused by moment which make early failure because of fracture and buckling at the end of link such as in its flange. To tackle the early failure, stiffener at the end of the link has been added. The advantages of it are making easy of workmanship and minimizing the welding effort which can reduce residual stress because of welding process. This study does numerical study by using MSC Nastran/Patran program to measure the performance of long type link for several analysis types. Several parameters have been analyzed such as the length of the link, the edge addition of flange plate with its modeling configuration, the width of the plate, and the combination with vertical body stiffener. This study found that the addition of stiffener at the end of the link has increased the performance of long type link. Finally, the findings of this study are compared with that of standard link model. The variables that are compared between both of long type link and standard link are ductility, strength, energy dissipation and stiffness.

  4. Studi pengaruh umur dan tinggi batang terhadap struktur serat sifat fisik morfologi dan kimia batang bambu apus Gigantochloa Apus Kurz

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    Hery Purnobasuki

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available Characteristic and anatomical study of Gigantochloa apus was carried out to know the fiber structure, morphological, physical, and chemical properties on various age and part of culm height. The research was done by ex post facto design and the data was analyzed by observational description. For anatomical observation, materials were processed using paraffin, PEG, and wood method and maceration for fiber structure. The result showed that inter-nodus amount, diameter, and wall thickness was increase in older culm. Fiber length was 3.8 mm in average, and older culms have longer fiber than the young ones and within the same culm, the lower part had longer fibers than the upper part. The fresh density (0.97-1.17 g/ml and the oven dry density (0.57-0.79 g/ml of this bamboo, it was higher for the older culm than younger culm. Liquor sorption (in NaOH 5% solution into bamboo chips was fairly good. The sorption into the young bamboo was faster and better than into older bamboo. Young bamboo culms contain more water than older culms and the top part within the same culm contain litte water than lower part. The total cellulose in young bamboo culm was higher than the older (64%-54%, but the lignin on the contrary in lower (14%-28%. At the bottom part, the lignin was higher than the upper prt. The ash content was high (1.6%-4.5% and its fluctuated based on age and the height part of culm.

  5. PENGARUH FREKUENSI AUDIT ATAS LAPORAN KEUANGAN HISTORIS TERHADAP KEANDALAN STRUKTUR PENGENDALIAN INTERN PADA PERUSAHAAN DI KOTA DENPASAR

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    I KETUT YADNYANA

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available This research is intended to reveal the effect of the auditing frequency tothe historical financial statement on the capability of internal control structure ofbusiness enterprises in Denpasar. This research is also carried out to gain theempirical evidence of the effect of auditing frequency to the historical financialstatement on the capability of internal control structure without paying attentionto other variables. A series of statistical tests have been done by using singleregression analysis, Product Moment Pearson correlation analysis, and FAnova.The result shows that the effect of auditing frequency to the historicalfinancial statement has a significant influence on the capability of internal controlstructure. Furthermore, a test to an independent variable (X is performed to findout whether an independent variable (X could explain the changing variation todependent variable (Y. This test results R2 = 0,508, which means that theindependent variable (X could explain the changing variation in the independentvariable (Y to the extent of 50,8%. The rest of it, which is 49,2% could beexplained by other factors excluded in this model.

  6. Hybrid-Plus in lightweight construction? Metal-plastic composites; Hybrid-Plus in Struktur-Leichtbauweise? Metall-Kunststoffverbund

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Michel, P [Rehau AG und Co., Rehau (Germany)

    2008-07-01

    New dimensions in lightweight structures construction are expected from an advanced technology that produces one hundred percent positively bonded plastic-metal bonds with highly interesting features. The example of a car boot cover is presented to illustrate the technology. (orig.)

  7. PENGARUH STRUKTUR MODAL, KEBIJAKAN DIVIDEN DAN SIZE TERHADAP NILAI PERUSAHAAN(Studi Pada Perusahaan Properti Di Bursa Efek Indonesia

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    Zainal Abidin

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Company has a normative goal to maximize the value of the companies, which aims to maximize shareholder wealth. This study aims to analyze the factors that value effect of the company. The variables used in this study are the Debt to Equity Ratio (DER, Dividend Yield (DYD and Size. The research was conducted on property companies listed on the Stock Exchange, period from 2009 to 2011. The dependent variable in this study is measured by the value of the company’s, Price to Book Value (PBV. The independent variable in this study is capital structure is measured by Debt to Equity Ratio (DER, dividend policy as measured by Dividend Yield (DYD and Size. Sampling was conducted using purposive sampling method which produces 17 companies as the  study  of  a  population  sample  of  52  companies.  The  method  used  in  this research is the analysis of linier regression. This  result  showed  by  together  DER,  DYD  and  Size  has  effect  on  PBV.  The partially  DER  indicated  positive  and  significant  effect  of  PBV.  Size  had  no significant positive effect on PBV. DYD has significant effects and negatively to PBV. Keyword : Debt  to  Equity  Ratio  (DER,  Divident  Yield  (DYD,  Size  and  Proce  to  Book Value (PBV

  8. PENGGUNAAN CARBON FIBER-REINFORCED POLYMER SEBAGAI PERKUATAN KOLOM BETON BERTULANG AKIBAT BEBAN SIKLIK UNTUK MENINGKATKAN DAKTILITAS PERPINDAHAN STRUKTUR

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    Karmila Achmad

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The use of carbon fiber-reinforced polymer (CFRP as a concrete column re­inforcement in order to improve the structure displacement ductility caused by a cyclic load. The aim of this research is to improve the displacement ductility of a column specimen by giving CFRP strengthener (Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer. Two full-scale specimens are used, C-1 (original column and C-1C (column with CFRP strengthener 1 layer. The tests on C-1 and C-1C are respectively shown on the following results: Pmax is 278.9 kN and 432.2 kN, dmax is 53.24 mm and 96.46 mm, and Mmax is 328.04 kNm and 509.63 kNm. The displacement ductility of C-1 are 6.70, 6.11 and 5.44, and the displacement ductility of C-1C are 11.02, 12.75, and 11.89. The percentages of the increase of displacement ductility in column C-1C compared to C-1 are 64.48%, 108.74% and 118.68%  respectivelyfor plastic hinge zone, half high of the column effectiveness and as high as the column effectiveness.   Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk meningkatkan daktilitas perpindahan pada spe­simen kolom yang diberi perkuatan CFRP (Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer. Ada dua spesimen kolom skala penuh yang digunakan, yaitu C-1 (kolom original dan C-1C (kolom dengan perkuatan CFRP 1 lapis. Hasil penelitian untuk masing-masing C-1 dan C-1C adalah Pmax sebesar 278,9 kN dan 432,2 kN, dmax sebesar 53,24 mm dan 96,46 mm, serta Mmax sebesar 328,04 kNm dan 509,63 kNm. Hasil daktilitas perpindahan untuk C-1 adalah 6,70; 6,11 dan 5,44, sedang C-1C adalah 11,02; 12,75 dan 11,89. Peningkatan persentase daktilitas per­pindahan kolom C-1C terhadap C-1 adalah 64,48%, 108,74% dan 118,68% masing-masing untuk zona sendi plastis, setengah tinggi efektif kolom dan setinggi efektif kolom.

  9. Pendugaan Dinamika Struktur Tegakan Hutan Alam Bekas Tebangan (Estimation of Stand Structure Dynamics of Logged-over Natural Forests

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    Muhdin .

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Dynamics of stand structure (DST, which could indicate the growth performance of logged-over forests, mayvary depending on various factors, e.g. stand density, initial stand structure, species composition, time afterlogging, and environmental factors (rainfall, elevation, etc..  The variations of such factors could result in thevariations of DST’s components (e.g. proportion of trees upgrowth and staying. However, this study, which used75 permanent sample plots data of lowland and dryland natural forests in Kalimantan, showed that the proportionof trees upgrowth and staying could not be predicted satisfactorily using the number of trees, stand basal area,time after logging, and elevation as independent variables in multiple linear regression models. The regressionmodels produced unrealistic projections of stand structures.  In contrast, the projection of stand structures usingthe DST’s components that were calculated using arithmetic mean was better than that of the regression models.Keywords: stand structure projection, upgrowth, natural forest, logged-over area

  10. Benefit Agmatine Effects in Experimental Multiple Sclerosis. CNS Nitrosative and Oxidative Stress Suppression / Protektivni Efekti Agmatina U Eksperimentalnoj Multiploj Sklerozi. Supresija Nitrozativnog I Oksidativnog Stresa U CNS-U

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    Stojanović Ivana

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Cilj ovog rada bio je isptivanje uticaja egzogeno aplikovanog agmatina na parametre nitrozativnog i oksidativnog stresa u velikom mozgu i cerebelumu pacova u akutnoj fazi eksperimentalnog autoimunog encefalomijelitisa (EAE, eksperimentalnog modela MS.

  11. Tritium Studies in the United States. Geological Survey; Le tritium dans les etudes entreprises par le Service Geologique des Etats-Unis; Izuchenie tritiya v svyazi s geologicheskim obsledovaniem ssha; El tritio en los estudios del Servicio Geologico de los Estados Unidos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carlston, C W; Thatcher, L L [United States Geological Survey, Washington, DC (United States)

    1962-01-15

    hydrogeno-etileno son las mas satisfactorias. Se ha estudiado el enriquecimiento electrolitico con el proposito de mejorar la reproductibilidad del metodo y de evaluar los factores de separacion en diferentes condiciones experimentales. Se ha encontrado un prodecimiento que permite recuperar regularmente el 75 por ciento del tritio. Los principales trabajos efectuados en el terreno consisten en: 1. Un estudio realizado con ayuda de tritio en la llanura costera de Nueva Jersey, el cual indica que debajo del nivel freatico el agua aparece dispuesta en capas de diferentes edades. 2. Estudios en dos macizos autoctonos diferentes con el fin de determinar el comportamiento del tritio precipitado a raiz de los ensayos termonucleares realizados en 1958. 3. Utilizacion del tritio para determinar la renovacion del agua subterranea en las areniscas terciarias subyacentes a los altiplanos semiaridos de Nuevo Mexico. 4. Un estudio del contenido de tritio en las aguas subterraneas de la llanura del Snake River-en Idaho, que se lleva a cabo en procura de datos sobre la edad, los caudales y la direccion de cir, culacion del agua. 5. La determinacion de la capacidad de un deposito subterraneo proximo a Carlsbad, Nuevo Mexico, usando tritio industrial como indicador. (author) [Russian] Upravlenie geologicheskogo obsledovaniya provodit issledovatel'skuyu programmu kak po linii laboratornogo analiza tritiya, tak i v tselom ryade proektov na mestakh, napravlennykh na izuchenie vozmozhnoj foli tritiya v gidrologicheskikh izyskaniyakh. Laboratornye issledovaniya byli predprinyaty s tsel'yu usovershenstvovaniya tekhniki otschetov impul'sov gazovoj fazy, a takzhe s tsel'yu razrabotki prostykh priborov, prisposoblennykh dlya vypolneniya programmy dolgosrochnogo gidrologicheskogo obsledovaniya . Izuchenie razlichnykh prigodnykh dlya scheta gazovykh smesej pokazyvaet na preimushchestva smesej' vodoroda s ehfirom i vodoroda s ehtilenom. Bylo izucheno ehlekroliticheskoe obogashchenie s tsel

  12. Pengaruh Struktur Kepemilikan Terhadap Nilai Perusahaan Dengan Keputusan Keuangan Sebagai Variabel Intervening Pada Perusahaan Dalam Industri Manufaktur Yang Terdaftar di Bursa Efek Indonesia Tahun 2009

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    Khalisa Rahmina Suryani

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This research aimed at empirically proving both direct and  indirect influence of ownership structure to the firm value with financial decision as intervening variable on manufacturing companies listed on Indonesia Stock Exchange 2009. The object is 56 manufacturing companies listed on Indonesia Stock Exchange 2009. This research uses path analysis with SPSS 16.0 version as analizing tools. The result of this study indicate that both institutional ownership and managerial ownership directly and indirectly do not influence the investment decision, the financing decision and the dividend policy. Ownership structure does not influence the firm value.The investment decision influences the financing decision and the dividend policy but the financing decision does not influence the dividend policy. As a whole the investment decision, financing decision and the dividend policy influence the firm value.   Keywords : Ownership Structure, Financial Decision, Firm Value, Path Analysis

  13. Kajian Perkuatan Struktur Gedung yang Disesuaikan dengan Sni Gempa 03-1726-2012 Kota Semarang Studi Kasus Gedung Kuliah Utama Fakultas Teknik Universitas Diponegoro

    OpenAIRE

    Satrio, Bayu Dwi; Pratama, Gema Putra; Tudjono, Sri; Wibowo, Hardi

    2016-01-01

    The Main Lecture Building of Engineering Faculty of Diponegoro University construction process start form June 2010 and be expected to finish at November 2010 but until October 2015 this building can not used as it planned because the construction process have some trouble. Design of this building still use the old guidence that is Earthquake SNI 03-1726-2002. This day that guidence has been updated become Earthquake SNI 03-1726-2012. Because of that this building need to studied so the build...

  14. KAJIAN POSISI TAWAR UD. MANDIRI ROTAN DALAM STRUKTUR PASAR INDUSTRI ROTAN (Calamus spp DI WILAYAH KABUPATEN BANJAR DAN KOTA BANJARBARU PROVINSI KALIMANTAN SELATAN

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    Susilawati Susilawati

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to determine the type of market structure that existed at the company rattan industry in the Banjar district and Banjarbaru City; knowing bargaining UD. Mandiri Rotan cane industry in the market structure in the Banjar district and Banjarbaru City; and how the strategy UD. Mandiri Rotan in Rattan industry market structure in the Banjar district and Banjarbaru City. The results of this study can be considered in the selection of rattan industry marketing strategies in the Banjar district and Banjarbaru City, can provide an overview and information for local governments within the framework of fostering marketing rattan industry in the Banjar district of Banjarbaru City as well and can enrich science for society in general and students of the Faculty of Forestry in particular. Market structure of the rattan industry in the Banjar district and Banjarbaru city is oligopoly, since only 4 (four firms rattan industry is still operating both in the Banjar district and Banjarbaru City. 4 (four rattan industry are PT. Sarikaya Sega Utama, UD. Mandiri Rotan, UD. Rotan Sega Mas and UD. Ihsan. Bargaining position UD. Mandiri Rotan cane industry in the market structure in the Banjar district and Banjarbaru City is oligopoly. Relative Market share date UD. Mandiri Rotan for 5 (five years, ranging between 38.46% - 39.73%. The strategy can be applied by UD. Mandiri Rotan is currently developing a product strategy, distribution strategy and the strategy of quality goods.

  15. Evoluční algoritmy pro strukturální učení neuronových sítí

    OpenAIRE

    Kasík, Pavel

    2010-01-01

    Designing neural networks topologies is s complicated problem when we consider general network structures. Evolutionary algorithm can provide us with interesting solutions of this problem. This work introduces an evolutionary algorithm for evolving neural networks. One of the possible algorithms for evolving neural networks is the NEAT algorithm. The goal of this work is to modify and enhance abilities of the NEAT algorithm. Improvements are focused on utilizing position of a neuron in networ...

  16. Understanding Social Media Network Structure AS A Strategic Way Of Advertising In Digital Economy Era (Memahami Struktur Jaringan Media Sosial sebagai Cara Strategis Periklanan di Era Ekonomi Digital)

    OpenAIRE

    Juditha, Christiany

    2017-01-01

    Advertising in online media is now a modern business phenomenon, along with the growing e-commerce in the era of digital economy. The penetration of social media is so high provides an opportunity for manufacturers to promote products/services through social media. Still not directly drive the purchase intentions of social media users themselves to a product due to some problems that arise, among others, issues of privacy and trus and incomprehension manufacturer of the structure of social me...

  17. Analisis Nilai Perusahaan Melalui Penetapan Struktur Modal Perusahaan (Studi Pada PT. Unilever Indonesia Tbk Dan Anak Perusahaan Yang Terdaftar Di Bursa Efek Indonesia Periode Tahun 2010-2012)

    OpenAIRE

    Khireta, Mirza Ainurani

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this research was to determine the composition of the capital structure determination of PT. Unilever Indonesia Tbk at years 2010-2012, the determination of the composition of an optimal capital structure, and the value of the company after the composition of the optimal capital structure. Methods used in this research is descriptive. Analysis of data used in this research are counting the ratio of profitability, the ratio of leverage, capital cost, value of enterprise and anal...

  18. Electronic structure of semiconductor thin films (chalcopyrites) as absorbermaterials for thin film solar cells; Elektronische Struktur duenner Halbleiterfilme (Chalkopyrite) als Absorbermaterialien fuer Duennschichtsolarzellen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lehmann, Carsten

    2007-12-11

    The objective of this work was to determine for the first time the band structure of CuInS{sub 2}. For this purpose a new GSMBE process with TBDS as sulphur precursor was established to prevent the use of elemental sulphur in an UHV system. Additionally to the deposited films a cleave surface was prepared. The samples were characterized in situ by XPS/UPS and LEED. XRD and SEM were used for further ex situ investigations. The band structure was determined by ARUPS using synchrotron light. CuInS(001) and CuInS{sub 2}(112) were deposited on Si and GaAs. The deposition of CuInS{sub 2} on GaAs showed a strong dependence on the existing surface reconstruction. A 2 x 1 reconstruction of GaAs(001) yielded CuInS{sub 2}(001) films featuring terraces. A deposition on 2 x 2 reconstructed GaAs(111)A surfaces led to a facetted CuInS{sub 2} surface. On sulphur-passivated non-reconstructed GaAs(111)B a deposition of chalcopyrite ordered CuInS{sub 2} free of facets was possible. On the surface of Cu-rich CuInS{sub 2} films CuS crystallites formed. This yields ARUPS spectra showing the electronic stucture of CuInS{sub 2} superimposed by non-dispergative states of the polycrystalline CuS segregations. The effective hole masses were derived from the k {sub vertical} {sub stroke} {sub vertical} {sub stroke} measurements. Finally the results of this work showed that the use of a (111) substrate leads to domain formation of the deposited CuInS{sub 2}(112) films. Thus ARUPS spectra of such films show a superposition of the band structures along different directions. (orig.)

  19. Electronic structure of the amorphous-crystalline Silicon heterostructure contact; Die elektronische Struktur des amorph-kristallinen Silizium-Heterostruktur-Kontakts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Korte, L.

    2006-07-01

    In the present work, the electronic density of states of hydrogenated amorphous silicon (a-Si:H) layers in the thickness range from 300 down to {proportional_to}2 nm was examined by Near-UV-photoelectron spectroscopy (NUV-PES). The measurements yield a mean density (averaged over all directions in k space) of the extended states in the valence band close to the band edge E{sub v}, down to approximately E{sub v}-1 eV, as well as the density of states in the band-gap between E{sub v} and the Fermi level E{sub f}. An analytic model for the density of states was fitted to the measured yield data. The model describes the extended states close to the band edge as well as the localized states in the band gap. The defect parameters obtained from the fits to the 300 nm sample are elevated with respect to literature data. In contrast to PES the photocurrent measurement yield the defect parameters averaged over the entire layer thickness. Finally, the photocurrent measurements can be evaluated in the Tauc plot to yield the optical band-gap, E{sub g}{sup opt}=1.76(5) eV. The methodology developed in the first part of the thesis (PES measurement and fit of the model density of states) was then applied to various series of approximately 10 nm thin a-Si:H layers on c-Si substrates, where the deposition temperature of the layers and the concentration of their doping both by phosphorus and boron were varied. The experimental results can be summarized as follows: Ultrathin a-Si:H layers show an optimum of the deposition-temperature around 230 C. The optimum is characterized by an Urbach energy of 66(1) meV and a defect-density of 2,9(3).10{sup 18} cm{sup -3}. For undoped layers, the Fermi level lies E{sub F}-E{sub V}{sup {mu}}=1.04(6) eV, the films are therefore slightly n-type. Conductivity measurements at identically prepared thick layers on glass allow to determine the distance of the Fermi level to the conduction band mobility edge, E{sub C}{sup {mu}}-E{sub F}. Both for the deposition temperature series of the undoped layers and the doping series with a substrate-temperature of 230 C, measurements of the transient surface-photovoltage (SPV) were carried out. These measurements yield through their decay behavior over time (which is an image of the bands relaxing to their dark equilibrium position) a measurement for the recombination velocity at the a-Si:H/c-Si interface. Furthermore, if high-injection conditions can be reached, i.e. a concentration of photogenerated excess charge-carriers in the c-Si that exceeds significantly both the minority as well as the majority charge-carrier density in the dark (high-injection case), then the maximum photovoltage is a measurement for the band bending in the c-Si in dark equilibrium (without illumination). In this thesis, it was shown that the measured spectrum can be described as the sum of the spectra of a hydrogen terminated c-Si surface and a thick ({proportional_to}100 nm) a-Si:H layer. (orig.)

  20. Structure and combustion characteristics of turbulent, pre-mixed high-pressure flames; Projekt 'Struktur und Brenneigenschaften von turbulenten, vorgemischten Hochdruckflammen'

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Griebel, P.; Boschek, E.; Erne, D.; Siewert, P.

    2005-12-15

    This illustrated annual report for 2005 for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) reports on the work done in 2005 at the Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI) on the structure and combustion characteristics of turbulent, pre-mixed high-pressure flames. The aims of the project are described in detail, which include, among other things, the completion of previous work, the validation of simulations and the influence of turbulence on the flame front. Work done on the project in 2005 is described and commented on. Experimental installations are described and the results obtained are presented. Also, the influence of adding hydrogen to the methane fuel is commented on. National and international co-operation is reviewed and future work to be carried out is noted.

  1. Pengaruh Ekstrak Daun Sambiloto (Andrographis paniculata terhadap Struktur Mikroanatomi Hepar dan Kadar Glutamat Piruvat Transaminase Serum Mencit (Mus musculus yang Terpapar Diazinon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    TRI WULANDARI

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available Diazinon is a pesticide which is often using by farmer to kill insect as theenemy of the plant. The over using of pesticide may result in the remaining of diazinon residue in farming product. This residue can cause the damage of body tissue, especially liver. The aim of research were to find out the effect of leaves sambiloto (Andrographis paniculata Ness. extract on microanatomic structure of liver and serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase (GPT level of mice (Mus musculus L. exposed to diazinon. The research used Compelete Random Design with five treatments. The treatment of each group were using CMC 1% (placebo control, diazinon solution 40 mg/Kg BW (negative ontrol and the leaves sambiloto extract 12,6; 25,2 and 37,8 mg /kg BW. Diazinon solution was given within 10 days and continued with extract of sambiloto leaves also within 10 days. Parameter observed was the microanatomic structure of liver and serum GPT level. The data was analyzed of Analysis of Varians (Anova and continued with DMRT at significance 5%. The result of the research showed that the giving of the extract of sambiloto leaves in some dose variation degree is significantly influential to repair the microanatomic structure of liver and to decrease the serum GPT level was 37,8 mg/Kg BW.

  2. Genderová rovnost v evropské vědní politice: politická ekonomie strukturální změny

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Linková, Marcela

    2011-01-01

    Roč. 19, č. 2 (2011), s. 8-22 ISSN 1210-6658 R&D Projects: GA MŠk OK08007 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z70280505 Keywords : gender * science policy * modes of mattering Subject RIV: AO - Sociology, Demography

  3. Srovnání organizačních struktur vybraných mládežnických klubů

    OpenAIRE

    Vavříček, Jaroslav

    2006-01-01

    and keywords Title: Comparison of organizational structures of selected youth clubs The Goals: Specify the terms connected with the thesis, work out the methodology part, introduce selected clubs and their organizational structures, interview members and employees ofthese dubs, present my idea. Methodology: Organizational structures of selected soccer dubs and the ways oftheir funding. Suggestion of an idea! organizational structure, informations also acquirred by nonstandard interviews with ...

  4. Development of a superconducting CH-accelerator-structure for light and heavy ions; Entwicklung einer supraleitenden CH-Beschleuniger-Struktur fuer leichte und schwere Ionen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Liebermann, Holger

    2007-07-01

    This work deals with the development of the prototype of a superconducting CH accelerator structure. The simulations were calculated with the program CST Microwave Studio. It is based on the finite integration theory, which the Maxwell equations in a two-grid matrix form convicted so they can be solved numerically. In another chapter, a method for determining the coupling strength is discussed. The conditions that previously were created for the optimization of the prototype of the superconducting CH structure are described. It was for the optimization of the field distribution on the beam axis by adjusting the end cell design, optimization of support for the magnetic and electric fields, leading to reduction of the quadrupole component of the CH-structure, the coupling and, finally, the possibility of static tuning during the completion of the structure. On the basis of these investigations the completion of an initial prototype superconducting at the company ACCEL in Bergisch Gladbach was commissioned. Finally simulations for an operation accelerator facility, and a look at possible areas of the superconducting CH-structure are presented. The optimizations performed for the high power injector led to a more stable operation of the plant. Through this work it could be shown that the newly-CH structure is very well suited for use in superconducting accelerators. (orig.)

  5. Perubahan Struktur Ekonomi, Dekomposisi Sumber Pertumbuhan Output, dan Pertumbuhan Total Factor Productivity (TFP: Analisis Lanjutan Tabel Input-Output Provinsi Kalimantan Selatan, 2000-2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurul Fajri

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available High economic growth is the target of economic development in each area. Economic development should be prioritized in sectors that can be a major driver of the economy so that the economy can grow faster. Economic growth can be seen from the aggregate demand side, namely consumption, investment, government spending, exports and imports, and the aggregate supply side namely labor growth, capital growth and the growth of TFP (Total Factor Productivity. This study uses South Kalimantan’s Input-Output Tables of 2000, 2005 and 2010. The results showed that although the structure of the value-added of the mining sector remains the main economic pillar, but this sector has low linkages with other sectors. The prime mover and driving economic growth sector are manufacturing sector i.e chemical industry, food, beverages and tobacco industry, rubber and plastics industry, paper, printing and publishing industry and industry of metal, machinery, transport equipment and other manufacturing industries. Based Multiplier Product Matrix, manufacturing industry suggest a leading role in the economy so that it can be said that the province of South Kalimantan are heading toward a change in the economic structure. Decomposition of sources of growth based on the Chenery’s model (1960 showed that the main source of economic growth in South Kalimantan is exports by 67 percent in the period 2000-2005 and 73.72 percent in the period 2005-2010, especially the export of coal. Decomposition of productivity growth made by Namura and Kuroda’s model (2004 and suggests that TFP growth and capital have a strong linear relationship and significant Output growth, while labor productivity have no significant correlation with Output growth. Finally, the wealth of the abundant natural resources, industry-oriented economic growth and sustainable development in South Kalimantan Province is agriculture-based industries and mining-based industries with the main strategy is to import substitution and investment in capital and technology.

  6. Faktor-Faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Struktur Modal (Studi kasus pada Perusahaan Manufaktur yang terdaftar di Bursa Efek Indonesia Periode 2011 – 2014

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mukhlan Khariry

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to analyze and test the effects of firm size, tangible assets, profitability, asset growth, sales growth and financial risks to the capital structure of the companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange period 2011-2014. Methods used in this research was quantitative method using manufacturing companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange (BEI in the period of 2011-2014 as the research population. The samples of 54 companies were selected by using purposive sampling method. The study hypothesis was tested by multiple linear regression which have fulfilled classical assumption test. The results showed that firm size (X1, asset growth (X4, and financial risks (X6 had significant influence with the positive directional effect towards the capital structure. Profitability factor (X3 had significant influence with the negative directional effect towards the capital structure. Meanwhile, the factors of tangible asset (X2 and sales growth (X5 had no significant effect towards the capital structure.   Keywords: Firm size, tangible asset, profitability, asset growth, sales growth,    financial risk and capital structure.

  7. Analisis Pengaruh Struktur Ekonomi, Upah Minimum Provinsi, Belanja Modal, dan Investasi Terhadap Ketimpangan Pendapatan di Seluruh Provinsi di Indonesia Tahun 2005-2014

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muara Nangarumba

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Income inequality is a problem that exists in every country and a problem that continually occurs. Government, particularly in Indonesia, faced with the problems to reduce income inequality, this is because the trend of income inequality has not decreased lately, so it is feared affect the welfare of the Indonesian people. This study aimed to assess the effect of the Agricultural Sector GDP, GDP Industrial Sector, Services Sector GDP, wages Minimimum Province, Capital Expenditure and Investment Credits to Income Inequality in Indonesia in 2005 until 2014, using panel data regression. In this study the functional form of the regression model used is the model of a log-log or better known as double log, so that can know the elasticity of each independent variable on the dependent variable. The results achieved in this study, one of them is, it was found that the independent variables significantly affect income inequality with a negative effect, except variable Industrial Sector GDP. While elasticity, each independent variable inelastic to income inequality. Advanced Research also found that, according to some previous research, by improving the economic structure, raise funds for infrastructure investments multiply, increasing the minimum wage, or reduce migration can reduce the level of income inequality.

  8. The modern Saamish reindeer husbandry in Sweden after the reactor accident of Chernobyl. Die moderne samische Rentierwirtschaft Schwedens nach dem Reaktorunfall von Tschernobyl; Eine humangeographische Struktur- und Problemanalyse

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wolf, J

    1992-01-01

    Large parts of the reindeer herding area in Sweden were contaminated with radioactive caesium from the Chernobyl fallout deposited mainly between 62 and 66 n.lat. by heavy rain-and snowfalls between April 28-30, the fjell and boreal forest regions of north-western Jaemtland and south-western Vaesterbotten being the home of 500 reindeer Saamis, organized in 19 Saamebys, and being the winter- and summer reindeer grazing areas for about 100000 reindeer worst contaminated, with a maximum soil contamination of 60000 Bq/m[sup 2] Cs137 along a line Gaevle-Gaeddede. The socio-economic effects and consequences of Chernobyl have on the hand changed the daily and yearly work routine patterns by applying early slaughter and feeding programs. On the other hand it has shown the vulnerability of reindeer husbandry in particular and of Saami culture and livelihood in general. It has also pointed out the influence of the state compensation payments have helped the mostly hit Saamebys to survive economically and the Saami herders to preserve their ethic identity and specific way of life. The measure of introducing a strict radioactivity limit should be fixed internationally. In reindeer meat where the average annual consumption is as low as 200 g per person a limit as low as 300 pr 1500 Bq/kg is in fact ineffective in reducing cancer risks but it has proved disastrous for the reindeer meat market.

  9. Analisis Pengaruh Struktur Ekonomi, Upah Minimum Provinsi, Belanja Modal, dan Investasi Terhadap Ketimpangan Pendapatan di Seluruh Provinsi di Indonesia Tahun 2005-2014

    OpenAIRE

    Muara Nangarumba

    2015-01-01

    Income inequality is a problem that exists in every country and a problem that continually occurs. Government, particularly in Indonesia, faced with the problems to reduce income inequality, this is because the trend of income inequality has not decreased lately, so it is feared affect the welfare of the Indonesian people. This study aimed to assess the effect of the Agricultural Sector GDP, GDP Industrial Sector, Services Sector GDP, wages Minimimum Province, Capital Expenditure and Investme...

  10. Study of the structure of the QCD vacuum by means of overlap fermions; Untersuchung der Struktur des QCD-Vakuums mit Hilfe von Overlap-Fermionen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Weinberg, Volker

    2008-12-15

    In this thesis the structure of the QCD vacuum and the nature of the chiral phase transition were studied by means of overlap fermions. The main topic of the theiss lies in the study of the infrared long-range aspects shown by the low-lying eigenmodes of the overlap operator. For the characterization of the structure and dimension of an arbitray density embedded in the four-dimensional space-time diverse analysis tools were developed. These are applied both at low temperature (T=0) in the valence-quark approximation of QCD and in the environment of the high-temperature phase transition of the full QCD for the description of the structure of the modes and the topological density, as well as for the analysis of the local self-duality of the basing gauge fields.

  11. PENGARUH MEKANISME GOOD CORPORATE GOVERNANCE DAN STRUKTUR KEPEMILIKAN TERHADAP KINERJA KEUANGAN PERUSAHAAN MANUFAKTUR YANG TERDAFTAR DI BEI TAHUN 2010-2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wehdawati .

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available This  study  aims  to  identify  and  analyze  the  influence  of  the  number  of commissioners,  the  proportion  of  independent  board,  the  number  of  audit committee,  the  number  of  the  board  of  directors,  managerial  ownership, institutional ownership as the independent variables, and the company size as the control variable either partially or simultaneously on the company’s financial performance, namely ROA and ROE as dependent variables in companies listed on the Stock Exchange from 2010 to2012. The  method  of  sampling  was  done  through  purposive  sampling  method.  The population of companies were the ones listed on the Stock Exchange from 2010 to 2012. The obtained samples were 91 companies, so that the amount of data used were as many as 273, but there are some outlier data that must be removed in order to meet the assumption of normality. Therefore, the amount of the final samples  used  in  this  study  were  75  companies  with  the  amount  of  data  used were 194. The analytical tool used was multiple linear regression analysis, and to test the level of significance the F test and the t-test were used which were processed with SPSS 22. The  results  showed  that  the  variable  of  the  proportion  of  independent  board significantly  gave  negative  effects  on  ROA  and  ROE,  while  the  variable  of the  number  of  commissioners,  the  number  of  board  of  directors,  managerial ownership,  institutional  ownership  and  firm  size  did  not  affect  the  ROA  and ROE. The variable of the number of the audit committee was not used in the analysis because the data had constant value. Keywords : Corporate governance, ownership structure, financial performance

  12. Strukturální myšlení Jana Mukařovského: od systémovosti k jedinečnosti

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Flanderka, Jakub

    2011-01-01

    Roč. 21, č. 43 (2011), s. 101-113 ISSN 0862-8440 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z90560517 Keywords : theory of literature * Structuralism * Mukařovský, Jan Subject RIV: AJ - Letters, Mass-media, Audiovision

  13. Attitudes towards a final repository for the spent nuclear fuel. Structure and causes; Attityd till slutfoervar av anvaent kaernbraensle. Struktur och orsaker

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sjoeberg, Lennart (Stockholm School of Economics (Sweden). Center for Risk Research)

    2008-09-15

    This report presents the results of a questionnaire survey of attitudes towards a final repository for the spent nuclear fuel. The questionnaire was mailed to 3,000 persons. Participants were young and older people in Oskarshamn municipality and Oesthammar municipality as well as in the rest of the country. Fifty-one percent responded. The questionnaire included a large number of questions of possible relevance for understanding the structure of and reasons for the person's attitude towards a final repository. Questions concerning nuclear power were dealt with in a special section. Men were more positively disposed towards a repository than women, older people more than young. The gender differences are mainly attributable to the variation in attitude towards nuclear power and concern about nuclear accidents. In the case of older people, interest was also a factor. Young people were not as interested in the issue. The most important factor in determining the attitude towards a final repository was the benefit it was expected to bring to the municipality. Moral and emotional aspects were also important. Risk played a relatively subordinate role. Social aspects were very important: those who frequently spoke with people who were positively disposed tended to be positive themselves, and vice versa for those who were negative. This factor could explain some of the gender differences in attitude. Attitudes in Oskarshamn were slightly more positive than in Oesthammar, probably due to the fact that the residents in Oskarshamn had a greater sense of participation in the municipality's decision in the matter. Information from SKB was also found to be an important factor for the differences in attitude between the municipalities. Eight percentage points more people had received information in Oskarshamn than in Oesthammar. The difference may be small, but it exists and does appear to be of some importance. Attitudes in Oskarshamn and Oesthammar continued to be much more positive than in the rest of the country, which was probably due to the availability of information but also to the fact that many people in these municipalities worked in the nuclear industry. Despite the positive attitude, there had been some decrease in positivity since 2005, especially among young people, perhaps due to the incidents in Forsmark in the summer of 2006 and in February 2007. It is interesting that there does not seem to have been a corresponding decrease in positivity in attitudes towards nuclear power in the country as a whole. When it came to nuclear power, the results showed that people had a fairly positive attitude towards the Swedish nuclear power programme, whose benefit was the most important component of this attitude. There was, however, some concern, and attitudes had become less positive in Oskarshamn and Oesthammar since 2005. Men were more positive than women, and older people more than young. Risk played a less important role, but a factor of great importance for attitudes was whether the person believed that a substitute could be found for nuclear power or not. Emotional reactions were important, but general values were less important for the attitude towards nuclear power. Social aspects seemed to play an important role for both the attitude towards a final repository and the attitude towards nuclear power: those who spoke with people who were negatively disposed tended to share that attitude, and the same was true of those who were positive. This factor may be part of the explanation for the gender differences in the attitude towards nuclear power, as well as the attitude towards a final repository

  14. Dialoge in Online-Leserforen – Struktur und Gegenstand : Untersuchungen zur Markenidentifikation am Beispiel der „Locationgate“-Affäre

    OpenAIRE

    Rosumek, Anita

    2013-01-01

    Mit der Entwicklung des Social Web, also einem Internet, in dem sich immer mehr Nutzer untereinander auf Kommunikationsplattformen wie Facebook, in Foren und Bewertungsplattformen und auf Microblogging-Diensten wie Twitter austauschen, überschlagen sich Kommunikationsspezialisten mit Ratschlägen für Unternehmen, wie sie die Kommunikation im Internet insbesondere in kritischen Situationen zu gestalten hätten, und diverse Dienstleister bieten die Beobachtung (Monitoring) der Kommunikation über ...

  15. Pengaruh Ikatan Finansial , Sosial dan Struktural terhadap Loyalitas Nasabah Dimediasi Variabel Corporate Image (Studi Kasus Bank Negara Indonesia (Bni) Cabang Undip Semarang

    OpenAIRE

    Farida, Naili

    2012-01-01

    Effect of relationship model integration, financial bonding, social bonding and structural bonding to the customer loyalty at Bank Negara Indonesia (BNI) Branch UNDIP Semarang. The location of this research is the city Semarang, purposive sample using sampling, the number of samples in this study as many as 100 customers of Bank BNI, testing of hypotheses in this research using descriptive analysis and regression analysis with path analysis with 5% significance level. The purpose of this stud...

  16. Vliv kinematiky na tvorbu povrchových struktur při leštění asférických ploch

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Procháska, František; Matoušek, Ondřej; Polák, Jaroslav; Tomka, David

    2017-01-01

    Roč. 62, č. 4 (2017), s. 132-134 ISSN 0447-6441 R&D Projects: GA MŠk(CZ) LO1206 Institutional support: RVO:61389021 Keywords : Mid Spatial Freqencies * CNC optical surface processing Subject RIV: JP - Industrial Processing OBOR OECD: Materials engineering

  17. EVALUASI SIMPANGAN STRUKTUR AKIBAT PENAMBAHAN LANTAI DENGAN METODE ANALISIS STATIK DAN DINAMIK RESPONSE SPECTRUM (Studi Kasus : Pembangunan Gedung Dekanat Fakultas Teknik UNTIRTA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soelarso Soelarso

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available The Advancement of Science and Technology made Indonesians increasingly concerned about education at the university so that the increasing of students must be balanced with the development of education building infrastructure. In 2015, have been built 3 floors which functioned as offices for Dean Faculty of Engineering Untirta, but in the process of implementation is done re-design with the addition of 3 floors above it to meet space requirement at the Faculty of Engineering Untirta. This research was conducted to re-analyze the deflection of structure building in order to know the deflection of structures due to the addition of load and the effect of earthquake force, so that can be evaluated to plan the addition of floor as much as 3 floors in Faculty of Engineering Untirta building structure. The analytical method used are the equivalent static analysis and dynamic response spectrum analysis using the computer program Extended Three dimensional Analysis Building System (ETABS. Resulted from 3D model analysis with the addition of 3 floors, the behavior of structures in the modes 1,2 and 3 respectively happened translations X direction, Y direction and Z axis rotation. Base shear force that occurred for 1.549.45 kN at X direction and 1.581,06 kN at Y direction. Maximum deflection that happened at 298,65 mm due to earthquake load X direction, 249,59 mm due to earthquake load Y direction. The deflection value has exceeded the allowable deflection limit of 186 mm, so that the existing structures cannot resist against the working load  due to the addition of the floor according to the design standard of SNI 03-1726-2012.

  18. Pengembangan Komoditas Batik: Determinasi Budaya Ekonomi dan Perubahan Struktur Kebijakan Terhadap Perkembangan Usaha Ekonomi Lokal (Studi Tentang Pengusaha Batik Laweyan Surakarta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erma Setiawati

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Batik is an Indonesian national culture product that awarded by UNESCO as world cultural heritage. The research takes place in Kampung Batik Laweyan Surakarta which is the oldest and the center of the traditional batik industry in Indonesia. The purpose of this research is 1 to understand the characteristics of economic culture to look at the social culture of Laweyan Batik business, 2 to explain the development of batik trading which is supported by informal economic opportunities, 3 to analyze the changes in political (policy structure and its anticipating setrategy. This research is a qualitative research using ethnographic approach. The results showed that 1 batik entrepreneurs in Laweyan characterized as bazaar economy culture with reciprocity social relationships, 2 the business relationship is based on trust, 3 government policy on financial assistance for the development of batik Laweyan plays an important role as anticipation to free trade.

  19. Electronic properties of excited states in single InAs quantum dots; Elektronische Struktur angeregter Zustaende einzelner InAs-Quantenpunkte

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Warming, Till

    2009-02-20

    The application of quantum-mechanical effects in semiconductor nanostructures enables the realization of novel opto-electronic devices. Examples are given by single-photon emitters and emitters of entangled photon pairs, both being essential for quantum cryptography, or for qubit systems as needed for quantum computing. InAs/GaAs quantum dots are one of the most promising candidates for such applications. A detailed knowledge of the electronic properties of quantum dots is a prerequisite for this development. The aim of this work is an experimental access to the detailed electronic structure of the excited states in single InAs/GaAs quantum dots including few-particle effects and in particular exchange interaction. The experimental approach is micro photoluminescence excitation spectroscopy ({mu}PLE). One of the main difficulties using {mu}PLE to probe single QDs is the unambiguous assignment of the observed resonances in the spectrum to specific transitions. By comparing micro photoluminescence ({mu}PL) and {mu}PLE spectra, the identification of the main resonances becomes possible. The key is given by the fine structure of the hot trion. Excitation spectroscopy on single charged QDs enables for the first time the complete observation of a non-trivial fine structure of an excitonic complex in a QD, the hot trion. Modelling based on eight-band k.p theory in combination with a configuration interaction scheme is in excellent agreement. Therewith the simulation also enables realistic predictions on the fine structure of the ground-state exciton which is of large importance for single quantum dot devices. Theory concludes from the observed transitions that the structural symmetry of the QDs is broken. Micro photoluminescence excitation spectroscopy combined with resonantly excited micro photoluminescence enables an optical access to the single particle states of the hole without the influence of few-particle coulomb interactions. Based on this knowledge the exciton binding energy of excited exciton states is accessible. From the shift of the exciton binding energy, when the hole is not in the ground state, but in the first or second excited states, conclusions on the shape of the wavefunctions can be drawn. Energy selective storage of charge carriers enables the access to few-particle binding energies of excited states also in quantum dot ensemble. The storage of charge carriers is refined to storage of defined spin states in the quantum dots. A technique for the deterministic preparation and readout is presented, what is of utmost importance for the realization of qubits for quantum computation. (orig.)

  20. STRUKTUR KOMUNITAS MAKROZOOBENTOS PADA TIGA MUARA SUNGAI SEBAGAI BIOINDIKATOR KUALITAS PERAIRAN DI PESISIR PANTAI AMPENAN DAN PANTAI TANJUNG KARANG KOTA MATARAM LOMBOK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    HUSNAYATI HARTINI

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Increasing the human activity may lead to decrease utilization of river waters quality. The purpose of this study were to find out structure of macrozoobenthos community as bioindicator of waters quality in three estuaries of Ampenan district; find out the chemical and physical conditions of waters; determine the relationship of physical chemical of waters and macrozoobenthos diversity indices. The study was conducted by dividing of each estuary into 10 stations. Community structure and physical chemical waters parameters was analyzed descriptively. The relationship of physical and chemical waters quality parameters with macrozoobenthos diversity indices was analyzed by regression. The results showed that 8 species found in the estuary of Berenyok, 11 species in the estuary of Ancar and 12 species in the estuary of Jangkok. Conditions of community structure in three estuaries balanced enough up to unstable. Physical and chemistry waters quality in three estuaries are still below the quality standard except for Hg. In Berenyok and J angkok estuaries Hg values obtained in excess of standard quality. Pollution levels in the three estuaries ranging from moderate to heavily polluted. There is a linear correlation between macrozoobenthos diversity indices and DO parameter in each estuary.

  1. Structure of and change in energy policy in the Federal Republic of Germany. Struktur und Wandel der Energiewirtschaft in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schiffer, H W

    1985-01-01

    The book offers a closed survey of the energy market in the F.R.G. It is based on a depiction of the organisational structure of the most important energy markets and also the price mechanisms for crude oil, electricity, natural gas and coal. The analysis also concentrates on the structural change which was occasioned by the first energy crisis in 1973 and accentuated by the second in 1979/80. It is suggested that the causes of desired energy-saving in industry, transport, and in the budgetary and consumer sectors lie in the price developments and the measures taken since 1973 via energy policy. It concludes, against a background of the predicted development, with an outline of current trends in energy policy, which is being increasingly influenced by enviromental questions.

  2. Observation of magnetostatic wave electron absorption in ferrite-high temperature superconductor structure. Nablyudenie ehlektronnogo pogloshcheniya magnitostaticheskikh voln v strukture ferrit-vysokotemperaturnyj sverkhprovodnik

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anfinogenov, V B; Gulyaev, Yu V; Zil' berman, P E; Kotelyanskij, I M; Polzikova, N I; Sukhanov, A A [AN SSSR, Moscow (USSR). Inst. Radiotekhniki i Ehlektroniki

    1989-07-26

    Conditions for magneto-static wave (MSW) propagation in laminar structures ferrite-high-temperature superconductor (YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7-{delta}}) and effect of transition into superconducting state under the temperature drop on these conditions are investigated. MSW electron absorption effrect in such structures (strongly dependent on the temperature) is detected and its interpretation is given.

  3. Pengaruh Pertumbuhan Penjualan, Likuiditas, Profitabilitas, dan Working Capital Terhadap Struktur Modal Pada Perusahaan Otomotif Dan Komponen yang Terdaftar Di Bursa Efek Indonesia (BEI) Tahun 2010-2013

    OpenAIRE

    Faisal, Aldi

    2015-01-01

    This study aimed to test whether the Growth of Sales, Liquidity, Profitability, and Working Capital has the effect of partially or simultaneously to Capital Stock in automotive and components companies listed in Indonesia Stock Exchange period 2010 to 2013. This research is a type of causal research, which used data from a population of 16 automotive and components companies listed in Indonesia Stock Exchange. The sampling method used in this research is purposive sampling and acquired co...

  4. Benthic processes on and around artificial structures in Swedish coastal waters; Bentiska processer paa och runt artificiella strukturer i Sveriges kustvatten

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Malm, Torleif (Stockholms Universitet, Stockholms marina forskningscentrum (Sweden)); Engkvist, Roland (Linneuniversitetet, Institutionen foer Naturvetenskap, Vaexjoe (Sweden))

    2011-03-15

    Within the next few decades, wind farms with an extension of many square kilometres probably will be built in Swedish coastal waters. These installations may affect the ecological communities in various ways, e.g.; by the already known reef-effect, by changing the population structure of key predators such as fish and birds and thereby cause trophic cascades down into the benthic community or by causing changes in the hydrology that may benefit some species, mainly soft bottom species, while others may be disadvantaged. How the wind farms will affect the ecological communities depends probably very much on the initial conditions. During the period 2005-2009 a study was carried out with the aim to investigate the benthic community structure on hard bottoms, before and after larger wind farms have been constructed. The areas explored were Skottarevet in Kattegat, Lillgrund in Oeresund, Utgrunden II in southern Kalmar Strait, Kaarehamn off north-eastern Oeland and Klasaadern off south-western Gotland. For legal and economic reasons, only one farm, Lillgrund was constructed during the project period. Significant differences were found at both species and functional level. The largest divergence was found between the Kattegat and the Baltic Sea with large differences in species composition and in part also with other functional groups. Furthermore, between the Baltic Sea sites, significant differences were also found. The natural communities in the two straits had significantly higher biomass of blue mussels (M. edulis) per square meter compared with the open areas at Gotland and Oeland. In addition,the algal flora differed significantly. Filamentous brown algae favoured by eutrophication dominated the substrate in the straits while the bottoms along the open coastlines were covered with perennial red algae. The wind farm at Lillgrund affected the benthic communities moderately but significant. Mussels and barnacles colonized the surface of the towers and the granite stones in the scour protection quickly. The artificial and natural substrates had a similar community structure after two years. In contrast it seems like the bottom has been affected by the farm throughout the area. Compared with previous years, the natural substrates in 2009 had a larger biomass of mussels and barnacles and a lower biomass of filamentous algae. The differences, however, were small. The conclusion of this study is that wind power farms may potentially cause ecological effects in the benthic communities but as our study lack geographical and temporal extension, this conclusion is weak. As the abiotic conditions around our coasts shift, it is impossible to draw firm conclusions from one site. It is also difficult to draw conclusions from the short period after the construction of the farm. Meteorological and oceanographic processes not related to the wind farm may have contributed to the result

  5. Origins of the Messel oil shale and structure of petroporphyrins. Beitraege zur Entstehung des Messler Oelschiefers sowie zur Struktur von Petroporphyrinen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Springer, G.

    1985-02-13

    Porphyrins, which are ubiquitous in sediments, occur in the Messel region almost exclusively as vanadyl or nickel complexes. They are assumed to be derivatives of chlorophyll a and b. Their occurrence in this form is not considered as a phenomenon of biological significance but rather as the result of a process of selection. According to this point of view, the quantitative ratio of the vanadyl and nickel prophyrins should be reflected at least qualitatively by the vanadium/nickel ratio at the site. This is not the case in the Messel oil shale which has about equal vanadium and nickel concentrations but contains exclusively nickel-coordinated porphyrins. The recent observation that the methanogenic bacteria occurring in the anaerobic zones of sediments produce porphinoid nickel complexes by a process of biosynthesis suggests that a biological origin of the nickel central atoms cannot be excluded.

  6. Electronic structure and lattice properties of metastable III-(N,V) semiconductor systems; Elektronische Struktur und Kristallgittereigenschaften von metastabilen III-(N,V)-Halbleitersystemen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guengerich, M.

    2007-12-18

    This thesis gives an overview of these influences for Ga-V semiconductors (V=P,As,Sb). Lattice vibrations of the ternary alloys Ga(N,P), Ga(N,As) und Ga(N,Sb) are studied and analyzed with respect to the local binding of the N atoms in the host lattices. For the first time, pressure coefficients of the extended host phonons as well as of the N local vibrational modes in Ga(N,As) und Ga(N,P) are determined by Raman spectroscopy under hydrostatic pressure. The relationship between the force constant of the Ga-N bond and the bond length is determined. A central aspect of the thesis is the concentration dependence of optical transitions in Ga(N,P) and Ga(N,As), studied by spectroscopic methods. The impurity levels in both materials are determined by the spatial statistics of the N atoms. (orig.)

  7. Die Struktur der Handgesten im indischen Tanz nach dem „Nāṭya-Śāstra“ des Bharata (NŚBh)

    OpenAIRE

    Müller, Biliana

    2008-01-01

    In der vorliegenden Untersuchung wird eine Strukturanalyse der Gestensprache im indischen Tanz nach einem schriftlich vorliegenden Text vorgeschlagen – dem neunten Kapitel des ‚Nāṭya-Śāstra‘ eines legendären Autors namens Bharata. Der untersuchte Text ist Zeugnis für ein Zeichensystem, das über mehr als zwei Jahrtausende als Basis für die symbolische Interaktion auf dem indischen Subkontinent gedient hat und heute in zahlreichen Variationen präsent ist. Dieses Zeichensystem ist im semiotische...

  8. Hubungan Antara Hipertensi Dan Hipertrofi Ventrikel Kiri Pada Pasien Lansia Dengan Atrial Fibrilasi

    OpenAIRE

    BP Damayanti, BP Damayanti; Limantoro, Charles

    2014-01-01

    Latar belakang: Atrial fibrilasi (AF) didefinisikan sebagai irama jantung yang abnormal dengan aktivitas listrik jantung yang cepat dan tidak beraturan. Atrial fibrilasi dapat disebabkan oleh kelainan struktur jantung. Salah satu penyebab kelainan struktur jantung adalah hipertensi lama. Hipertensi yang berkepanjangan dan tidak terkendali dapat mengubah struktur miokard, pembuluh darah dan sistem konduksi jantung. Perubahan-Perubahan ini dapat mengakibatkan kelainan, salah satunya hipertrofi ...

  9. DARI BUGIS KLASIK KE BUGIS ISLAM: STUDI SASTRA ATAS BOTTINNA I LA D WA TA SIBA WA 1W ATTAWEQ (BDA) Classic to Islamic Buginess: Literary Study towards I La Dewata Sibawa I We Attaweq (BDA)

    OpenAIRE

    Andi Muhammad Akhmar, Dr., S.S., M.Hum

    2017-01-01

    Jika diperhatikan struktur puisi dan struktur cerita naskah J (BDA versi klasik) dan naskah H (BDA versi Islam), jelas terlihat sejumlah perbedaan. Perbedaan yang paling menonjol terlihat adalah komposisi puisi, yang disebabkan oleh munculnya kosa kata Arab pada kedua naskah. Pada naskah BDA versi klasik, terlihat ada kosa kata Arab tetapi jumlahnya sangat sedikit jika dibandingkan dengan naskah H (BDA versi Islam) yang hampir menyebar pada seluruh narasinya. Demikian pula dalam struktur penc...

  10. Dětský autismus a jiné pervazivní poruchy: vztah autistické psychopatologie k vybraným mozkovým strukturám

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Blatný, Marek; Urbánek, Tomáš; Hrdlička, M.; Kulísek, R.; Lisý, J.; Belšan, T.; Neuwirth, J.; Komárek, V.

    2002-01-01

    Roč. 46, č. 4 (2002), s. 289-298 ISSN 0009-062X Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z7025918 Keywords : child autism * pervasive developmental disorders * magnetic brain resonance Subject RIV: AN - Psychology Impact factor: 0.190, year: 2002

  11. Bildung in der Struktur Sozio-oekonomisher Entwicklung: Eine Analyse von Laengsschnittsdaten aus Afrika suedlich der Sahara (Education in the Structure of Socioeconomic Development: An Analysis of Longitudinal Data from Sub-Saharan Africa).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bergmann, Herbert

    1991-01-01

    Examines development indicators from 1960 to 1984 for 38 sub-Saharan African countries to determine whether education is an independent factor in development. Concludes that development indicators are determined by factors including basic education; urbanization; pupil-teacher ratio; standard of living; economic growth; service sector; food…

  12. PENENTUAN PRODUK OLAHAN APEL UNGGULAN MENGGUNAKAN TEKNIK FUZZY NON NUMERIK AN ANALISIS STRUKTUR SERTA POLA PEMBINAAN KELEMBAGAAN [Determination Prosprctive Appe processing product Using Non-Numeric Fuzzy Method, Analyze Institutional Structure and Develompent Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Imam Santoso 1

    2001-08-01

    Full Text Available Apple and its processing product is one of prospective commodities in Malang, East Java. The article discussed application of fuzzy non-numerik decision making to select prospective apple processing product, analyse institutional structure using ISM method and determine development model using AHP method. The research result showed apple dodol selected as the most prospective product with high category elements of entrepreneur, corporation, and high ediucation are as independent elements; and partnership (46% selected as model of institutional estabilishment.

  13. Review: Anja Weiß (2001). Rassismus wider Willen. Ein anderer Blick auf eine Struktur sozialer Ungleichheit [Racism against Intention. A Different View on a Structure of Social Inequality

    OpenAIRE

    Helmut Bremer

    2002-01-01

    The book contributes to the debate about racism and inter-culturalism as well as to the use of qualitative research methods within the scope of the theory of BOURDIEU. Racism and anti-racism are considered as a specific dimension of social inequality and, therefore, must be connected with a more comprehensive theory of social inequality such as BOURDIEUs concepts of habitus, field and capital. This allows for a different view on the phenomenon. According to this perspective, racism is not onl...

  14. PERUBAHAN STRUKTUR PATI GARUT (Maranta arundinaceae SEBAGAI AKIBAT MODIFIKASI HIDROLISIS ASAM, PEMOTONGAN TITIK PERCABANGAN DAN SIKLUS PEMANASAN-PENDINGINAN [Structure Changes of Arrowroot (Maranta arundinaceae Starch as Influenced by Acid Hydrolysis, Debranching and Autoclaving-Cooling Cycle Modifications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Didah Nur Faridah1*

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The effects of lintnerization (2.2 N HCl, 2 hours, debranching with pullulanase (1.3 U/g and 10.4 U/g starch and/or three-auctoclaving-cooling cycles at 121oC for 15 minutes on the changes of arrowroot starch structures were studied. The structural modifications of amylose and amylopectin were measured by Gel Permiation Chromatography (GPC, and the distribution of degree of polimerization (DP was analyzed by Fluorophore-Assisted Capillary Electrophoresis (FACE. The GPC profile of native starch using Toyopearl HW-65S gel gave mainly two fractions. Fraction I (Fr. I was a high molecular weight component and Fraction II (Fr. II was a low molecular weight component. After acid modification, the carbohydrate content of Fr. II increased while that of Fr. I decreased. The amount of DP of 6 to 8 increased in all modified arrowroot starches. The GPC and FACE analyses showed that all starch modification techniques caused the structural changes of amylopectin molecules to form short chain amyloses.

  15. Effect of low temperature and electron irradiation on the volt-ampere characteristics of silicon structures with p-n junctions; Vliyanie nizkikh temperatur i ehlektronnogo oblucheniya na vol`t-ampernye kharakteristiki kremnievykh struktur s p-n perekhodami

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Korshunov, F P [and others

    1994-12-31

    Features of volt-ampere characteristic behaviour of silicon, diffusion p-n-p structures making up the basis of force diodes under their operation in the mode of nominal and overload current densities are investigated.

  16. Kajian Tentang Perilaku Dysfungsional Dalam Keterkaitan Dengan Anggaran, Struktur Organisasi Dan Tata Kerja, Dan Budaya Nasional Dengan Tiga Dimensi (Power Distance, Materialism Dan Femininism) (Penelitian Pada Satuan Kerja Perangkat Daerah Pemerintah Dae

    OpenAIRE

    Lili Sugeng Wiyantoro; Agus Solikhan Yulianto

    2012-01-01

    This study examines the effect of budgetary participation, reliance on accounting performance measures, standard operating procedure of local government toward dysfunctional behavior, to examines the effect of national culture toward dysfunctional behavior and to examines three dimensions of national cultures (power distance, materialism, and feminism) as moderating variable that effect of relationship between budgetary participation, reliance on accounting performance measures, and standard ...

  17. Structural stability and electronic properties of AlCu3, AlCu2Zr in AlZr3: Stabilnost strukture in elektronske lastnosti AlCu3, AlCu2Zr in AlZr3:

    OpenAIRE

    Cheng, Rong; Wu, Xiao-Yu

    2013-01-01

    First-principles calculations were performed to study the alloying stability and electronic structure of the Al-based intermetallic compounds AlCusub3, AlCusub{2}Zr and AlZrsub3. The results show that the lattice parameters obtained after the full relaxation of the crystalline cells are consistent with the experimental data, and these intermetallics have a strong alloying ability and structural stability due to their negative formation energies and their cohesive energies. A further analysis ...

  18. Structure-reactivity correlation of diesel soot and characterization of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and carbonyls in biofuel emissions; Struktur-Reaktivitaets-Korrelation von Dieselruss und Charakterisierung von PAHs und Carbonylen im Abgas von Biokraftstoffen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Knauer, Markus

    2010-12-29

    This work reports on the determination of the structure-reactivity correlation of soot using Raman microscopy (RM) and temperature programmed oxidation (TPO), as well as on changes in the emission level of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) and carbonyls at the combustion of biofuels. To characterize the reactivity of soot the combustion behaviour of model- and diesel soot has been determined by means of TPO in the presence of oxygen. In this context, spark-discharge soot and graphite powder were applied as model substances, and EURO VI and IV diesel soot as real-diesel soots. The structure of soot samples was investigated by RM and structural changes during the TPO were observed. In order to make a statement about the changes in PAH and carbonyl compound emissions during combustion of biofuels, samples were taken at different engine testbenches. Fossil fuel, biodiesel and vegetable oil were used during this study, as well as fuel mixtures with different biofuel fractions.

  19. Structure and transport properties of the electronically correlated thiospinel CuV{sub 2}S{sub 4}; Struktur und Transporteigenschaften des elektronisch korrelierten Thiospinells CuV{sub 2}S{sub 4}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Horny, R.

    2005-10-12

    This work deals with the single crystal growth and the characterization of crystallographic, magnetic and mainly electronic transport properties of the metallic thiospinel CuV{sub 2}S{sub 4}, which is isostructural and isoelectronic to the heavy fermion system LiV{sub 2}O{sub 4}. Former reports of an enhanced Sommerfeld-coefficient of the specific heat indicated that electronic correlations are present in CuV{sub 2}S{sub 4} as well. Additionally CuV{sub 2}S{sub 4} shows a phase transition at 90 K, which has been associated with the formation of a charge density wave (CDW), whose propagation vector changes its length at two additional phase transitions close to 75 K and 55 K. The formation of a CDW is a typical low dimensional order phenomenon and very unusual for a three dimensional system with a cubic crystal symmetry in the high temperature phase. An additional motivation for the efforts to grow single crystals of this compound was a sample dependency which seemed to correlate with the type of transport agent (iodine or chlorine) used in the chemical transport reaction as the preferred preparation procedure for the single crystal growth. Due to the direct comparison of single crystals grown by both types of transport agents it could be shown that a very low concentration of chlorine is the origin for the almost complete suppression of the phase transitions in the corresponding type of single crystals. The strong sensitivity of the CDW-formation to disorder is also reflected by the huge increase of the residual resistivity ratio of more than one order of magnitude which could only be achieved by annealing procedures in the case of single crystals grown with iodine as transport agent. The high quality of the samples allowed for the first time to detect all three phase transition signatures in resistivity measurements. Their almost identical temperature dependence as a function of external hydrostatic pressure emphasizes their common physical origin. The coefficient of the T{sup 2} behavior of the electrical resistivity below 7 K confirms beside other experimental quantities the fermi liquid behavior of CuV2S4 with an effective mass which is one decade smaller than in LiV2O4 and allows an interpretation in the framework of a Kondo scenario. (orig.)

  20. Method for i.a. measuring the thickness of plate constructions and pipes; Fremgangsmaate for automatisk tilstandskontroll, inspeksjon, rengjoering og/eller overflatebehandling av strukturer, saerlig tykkelsesmaaling av platekonstruksjoner og roer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Waag, Tor Inge; Olsen, Anette S.

    1998-03-11

    It is described an method for automatic state control, inspection, cleaning and/or surface treatment of structures, especially measuring the thickness of plate constructions and pipes by means of ultrasound signals from a self-propelled, remotely controllable unit. The unit is continuously moved in the measurement area, and a transmitter transmits an ultrasound signal in a direction substantially perpendicular to the surface of the construction. The thickness and material quality of the construction is determined at the measurement spot by a receiver on the basis of received reflected signal, and parameters such as transit time for the reflected signal. The unit performs self-positioning by means of previously known spots on the construction. All received data regarding waveform of the reflected signal is stored in a computer, and thickness and material quality are verified by comparing data for received signal in one spot with data for received signals in adjacent spots. The steps are repeated for collection of data for new measurement spots. 6 figs.

  1. Structure-reactivity correlation of diesel soot and characterization of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and carbonyls in biofuel emissions; Struktur-Reaktivitaets-Korrelation von Dieselruss und Charakterisierung von PAHs und Carbonylen im Abgas von Biokraftstoffen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Knauer, Markus

    2009-12-29

    This work reports on the determination of the structure-reactivity correlation of soot using Raman microscopy (RM) and temperature programmed oxidation (TPO), as well as on changes in the emission level of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) and carbonyls at the combustion of biofuels. To characterize the reactivity of soot the combustion behaviour of model- and diesel soot has been determined by means of TPO in the presence of oxygen. In this context, spark-discharge soot and graphite powder were applied as model substances, and EURO VI and IV diesel soot as real-diesel soots. The structure of soot samples was investigated by RM and structural changes during the TPO were observed. In order to make a statement about the changes in PAH and carbonyl compound emissions during combustion of biofuels, samples were taken at different engine testbenches. Fossil fuel, biodiesel and vegetable oil were used during this study, as well as fuel mixtures with different biofuel fractions.

  2. Pengaruh Efektifitas Penyusunan Dan Penggunaan Daftar Wajib Pajak (Master File , Struktur Organisasi Dan Prosedur Perpajakan Dalam Administrasi Perpajakan Terhadap Penerimaan Pajak Di Kantor Wilayah Direktorat Jendral Pajak Jakarta I

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hanifah Hanifah

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available                            Tax is one source of revenue that is essential for the administration and development. Tax revenues are used to finance the construction of which is useful for the common good. The government's commitment to not rely on foreign debt and oil revenues make tax revenue as the backbone of the government to finance its activities. The government's efforts to increase tax revenue is one done through reform of the tax system, particularly the modern tax administration. But this has not succeeded optimally, is seen where tax revenues are still far from the expected tax potential. So that no indication is still not optimal level of effectiveness of the preparation and use of a list of taxpayers (master file, organizational structure and taxation procedures performed in DJP Jakarta I. Thus the purpose of this study was to determine whether the effectiveness of the preparation and use of a list of taxpayers (master files, organizational structure and procedures of taxation effect on tax revenue either partially or simultaneously.               Based on the results of the study showed that the effectiveness of the preparation and use of a list of taxpayers (master file, organizational structure and procedures of taxation can be said to have been effective, but not optimal so that needs to be improved further. Then based on test results that the preparation and use of a list of taxpayers (master file, organizational structure and procedures of taxation influence simultaneously to tax revenues amounted to 79.77% and 20.23% influenced by other factors. Partially, each influential of 35.67%, 26.35% and 17.75%. Keywords: preparation and use of taxpayer list; structural organization; procedures                taxation in modern tax administration

  3. Structure, design and statistical programme library of the meteorological database of Potsdam-Institut fuer Klimaforschung; Struktur, Aufbau und statistische Programmbibliothek der meteorologischen Datenbank am Potsdam-Institut fuer Klimaforschung

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oesterle, H.; Glauer, J. [Potsdam-Institut fuer Klimafolgenforschung (PIK), Potsdam (Germany); Denhard, M. [Frankfurt Univ. (Germany). Inst. fuer Meteorologie und Geophysik

    1999-01-01

    The relational database management system (ORACLE) using different client interfaces (browser, SQL, precompiler) is the most important basis for data organization and storage. The creation of a data bank system at PIK includes: Acquisition of meteorological data series for the projects executed at PIK; development of a database structure on the basis of daily values; control, analysis and classification of data into given storage formats; development and application of statistical software. There are currently 20 different types of data sets with daily, monthly and annual data which are functionally interconnected and updated. All data sets are continuously updated. (orig.) [Deutsch] Wesentliche Grundlage der Datenorganisation und -speicherung bildet das relationale Datenbanksystem ORACLE mit den dazugehoerigen Werkzeugen (Browser, SQL- und Precompiler). Die Entwicklung des Datenbanksystems am PIK umfasst folgende Etappen: - Erwerb von meteorologischen Datensaetzen fuer die am Institut laufenden Forschungsvorhaben; - Entwicklung einer Speicherstruktur auf der Basis von Tageswerten; - Kontrolle, Analyse und Einordnung der Daten in die vorgegebenen Speicherformate; - Entwicklung der zur Datennutzung notwendigen statistischen Programmbibliothek. Zur Zeit gibt es 20 verschiedene Typen von Datensaetzen. Sie enthalten taegliche, monatliche und jaehrliche Daten und sind funktional miteinander verbunden. Alle Datensaetze werden kontinuierlich erweitert. (orig.)

  4. Colliculus atlantis: an insufficiently considered anatomic structure in open-mouth radiography of the cervical spine; Der Colliculus atlantis - eine wenig beachtete anatomische Struktur - im transoralen Roentgenbild der Halswirbelsaeule

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schmidberger, H.R. [Universitaetsklinik fuer Radiologie, Graz (Austria); Weiglein, A.H. [Graz Univ. (Austria). Anatomisches Inst.

    1998-12-01

    Purpose: To study the time and mode of the development of the colliculus atlantis, the rate of its occurrence, the causes for its absence, and the radiological-clinical importance in the analysis of open-mouth-view radiographs. Material and Methods: Retrospective analysis of standardized radiographs of the cervical spine in more than 20 000 adults and 100 children. Study of 234 human skeletons of different ages and of 38 isolated adult atlases. Cadaveric dissection of 42 adults (age 48-87). Axial radiographs of isolated atlases and analysis of the bony structures of the colliculus atlantis. Results: The colliculus atlantis develops between age 10 and 13 years. It is always present after age 13 years. For the development of the colliculus atlantis a normal function of the craniocervical joints is necessary. In congenital dysmorphias of the craniocervical region with dysfunction of the craniocervical joints and in fractures of the dens axis before age 10 years with instable healing the colliculus atlantis is absent. Conclusions: The colliculus atlantis is developed at age 13 years apart from some rare exceptions as mentioned. Changes of the site and the structure of the colliculus atlantis allow an early diagnosis of certain traumatically and inflammatory diseases of this region. Furthermore, it serves as an additional parameter in functional analysis of the craniocervical joints. (orig.) [Deutsch] Ziel: Untersuchungen ueber den Zeitpunkt und die Art der Entstehung des Colliculus atlantis, die Haeufigkeit des Vorkommens, die Ursachen seines Fehlens und seine radiologisch-klinische Bedeutung bei der Analyse transoraler Roentgenaufnahmen. Methode: Retrospektive Analyse streng standardisierter Roentgenaufnahmen der Halswirbelsaeule von mehr als 20 000 Erwachsenen und 100 Kindern. Untersuchungen von 234 menschlichen Skeletten verschiedenen Alters und 38 isolierten Atlanten von Erwachsenen. Frische Sektionen von 42 Erwachsenen (48-87 Jahre). Axiale Roentgenaufnahmen isolierter Atlanten zur Strukturanalyse des Knochens in der Region des Colliculus atlantis. Ergebnisse: Der Colliculus atlantis entwickelt sich in der Zeit vom 10.-13. Lebensjahr. Ab dem 13. Lebensjahr ist er immer nachweisbar. Fuer seine Entstehung ist die normale Kopfgelenkfunktion notwendig. Er fehlt bei angeborenen Dysmorphien der kraniozervikalen Uebergangsregion mit Stoerung der Kopfgelenkfunktion und bei Densfrakturen vor dem 10. Lebensjahr mit nicht stabiler Ausheilung. Schlussfolgerungen: Der Colliculus atlantis ist ab dem 13. Lebensjahr mit geringen zitierten Ausnahmen immer entwickelt. Lage- und Strukturveraenderungen des Colliculus atlantis erlauben eine Fruehdiagnose bei bestimmten traumatischen und entzuendlichen Veraenderungen dieser Region. Weiters dient er als zusaetzlicher Parameter bei Funktionsuntersuchungen der Kopfgelenke. (orig.)

  5. Temperature dependent electronic structure and magnetism of metallic systems with localized moments. Application on gadolinium; Temperaturabhaengige elektronische Struktur und Magnetismus von metallischen Systemen mit lokalisierten Momenten. Anwendung auf Gadolinium

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Santos, C.A.M. dos

    2005-06-24

    This thesis focuses on the theoretical investigation of the temperature dependent electronic and magnetic properties of metallic 4f-systems with localized magnetic moments. The presented theory is based on the Kondo-lattice model, which describes the interaction between a system of 4f-localized magnetic moments and the itinerant conduction band electrons. This interaction is responsible for a remarkable temperature dependence of the electronic structure mainly induced by the subsystem of 4f-localized moments. The many-body problem provoked by the Kondo-lattice model is solved by using a moment conserving Green function technique, which takes care of several special limiting cases. This method reproduces the T=0-exact solvable limiting case of the ferromagnetically saturated semiconductor. The temperature dependent magnetic properties of the 4f-localized subsystem are evaluated by means of a modified Rudermann-Kittel-Kasuya-Yosida (RKKY) type procedure, which together with the solution of the electronic part allows for a self-consistent calculation of all the electronic and magnetic properties of the model. Results of model calculations allow to deduce the conditions for ferromagnetism in dependence of the electron density n, exchange coupling J and temperature T. The self-consistently calculated Curie temperature T{sub C} is presented and discussed in dependence of relevant parameters (J, n, and W) of the model. The second part of the thesis is concerned with the investigation of the temperature dependence of the electronic and magnetic properties of the rare-earth metal Gadolinium (Gd). The original Kondo-lattice model is extended to a multi-band Kondo-lattice model and combined with an ab-initio band structure calculation to take into account for the multi-bands in real systems. The single-particle energies of the model are taken from an augmented spherical wave (ASW) band structure calculation. The proposed method avoids the double counting of relevant interactions by exploiting the T=0-exact limiting case of the ferromagnetically saturated semiconductor and takes into account the correct symmetry of the atomic orbitals. The only parameter of the theory (inter-band exchange coupling J) is uniquely fixed by the band structure calculation. The self-consistently derived Curie temperature of 294.1 K and the T=0-magnetic moment of 7.71 {mu}{sub B} are surprisingly close to the experimental values. The induced temperature-dependence of the 5d conduction bands explains respective experimental photoemission data. (orig.)

  6. Wpływ zmęczenia cieplnego żeliwa GJS(Ni1,5MoCu -bazowego do wytwarzania ADI - na strukturę i wytrzymałość

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Wróbel

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available W pracy przedstawiono wyniki badań zmęczenia cieplnego żeliwa sferoidalnego GJS Ni1,5MoCu, bazowego przy wytwarzaniu ADI.Określono wpływ maksymalnej temperatury cyklu (Tmax na odporność na zmęczenie cieplne wyznaczane metodą L.F. Coffina. W pracyopisano przemiany struktury powodowane procesem zmęczenia cieplnego. Również w tym niskostopowym żeliwie obserwuje sięzjawisko ferrytyzacji osnowy i spadku wytrzymałości Rm w procesie narastania liczby cykli cieplno-naprężeniowych. Żeliwo w końcowejfazie zmęczenia zachowuje jedynie około 60% początkowej wytrzymałości Rm, a struktura wyjściowa czysto perlityczna ulega pełnejferrytyzacji. Dodatki stopowe podnoszą znacząco wytrzymałość na zmęczenie cieplne, jednak nie stabilizują struktury przy jej cyklicznym nagrzewaniu.

  7. Tests of perturbative and non perturbative structure of moments of hadronic event shapes using experiments JADE and OPAL; Untersuchung perturbativer und nichtperturbativer Struktur der Momente hadronischer Ereignisformvariablen mit den Experimenten JADE und OPAL

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pahl, Christoph Johannes

    2008-01-29

    In hadron production data of the e{sup +}e{sup -} annihilation experiments JADE and OPAL we measure the first five moments of twelve hadronic-event-shape variables at c.m. energies from 14 to 207 GeV. From the comparison of the QCD NLO prediction with the data corrected by means of MC models about hadronization we obtain the reference value of the strong coupling {alpha}{sub s}(M{sub Z{sup 0}})=0.1254{+-}0.0007(stat.){+-}0.0010(exp.){sup +0.0009}{sub -0.0023}(had.){sup +0.0069}{sub -0.0053}(theo.). For some, especially higher moments, systematic unsufficiencies in the QCD NLO prediction are recognizable. Simultaneous fits to two moments under assumption of identical renormalization scales yield scale values from x{sub {mu}}=0.057 to x{sub {mu}}=0.196. We check predictions of different non-perturbative models. From the single-dressed-gluon approximation a perturbative prediction in O({alpha}{sup 5}{sub s}) results with neglegible energy power correction, which describes the thrust average on hadron level well with {alpha}{sub s}(M{sub Z{sup 0}})=0.1186{+-}0,0017(exp.){sub -0.0028}{sup +0.0033}(theo.). The variance of the event-shape variable is measured and compared with models as well as predictions. [German] In Hadronproduktionsdaten der e{sup +}e{sup -}-Vernichtungsexperimente JADE und OPAL messen wir die ersten fuenf Momente von zwoelf hadronischen Ereignisformvariablen bei Schwerpunktsenergien von 14 bis 207 GeV. Aus dem Vergleich der QCD NLO-Vorhersage mit den mittels MC-Modellen um Hadronisierung korrigierten Daten erhalten wir den Referenzwert der starken Kopplung {alpha}{sub s}(M{sub Z{sup 0}})=0.1254{+-}0.0007(stat.){+-}0.0010(exp.){sup +0.0009}{sub -0.0023}(had.){sup +0.0069}{sub -0.0053}(theo.). Fuer einige, insbesondere hoehere, Momente sind systematische Unzulaenglichkeiten in der QCD NLO-Vorhersage erkenntlich. Simultane Fits an zwei Momente unter Annahme identischer Renormierungsskalen ergeben Skalenwerte von x{sub {mu}}=0.057 bis x{sub {mu}}=0.196. Wir pruefen Vorhersagen verschiedener nichtperturbativer Modelle. Aus der Single Dressed Gluon-Naeherung ergibt sich eine perturbative Vorhersage in O({alpha}{sup 5}{sub s}) mit zu vernachlaessigender Energiepotenzkorrektur, die den Mittelwert von Thrust auf Hadronniveau gut beschreibt mit {alpha}{sub s}(M{sub Z{sup 0}})=0.1186{+-}0.0007(stat.){+-}0.0017(exp.){sub -0.0028}{sup +0.0033}(theo.). Die Varianz der Ereignisformvariablen wird gemessen und mit Modellen sowie Vorhersagen verglichen. (orig.)

  8. Growth and structure of titanium dioxide on the transition metal surfaces Re(10-10) and Ru(0001); Wachstum und Struktur von Titandioxid auf den Uebergangsmetalloberflaechen Re(10-10) und Ru(0001)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rosenthal, D.

    2007-03-15

    In this work, we studied the growth and structure of titanium dioxide films on two morphologically different transition metal surfaces, namely the trench-like rhenium(10-10) and the hexagonal ruthenium(0001). The following methods were used: X-ray photoelectron and Auger-electron spectroscopy (XPS and AES), low energy electron diffraction (LEED), low energy Helium-ion scattering (LEIS), scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). Titanium dioxide films on rhenium(10-10) were synthesized by co-adsorption of titanium vapor in an oxygen atmosphere up to a thickness of 500 Aa and investigated by means of LEED, LEIS, XPS and XRD. In order to calibrate the titanium flux, the growth mode of titanium on the Re(10-10) surface was determined by means of LEIS, XPS and LEED. The growth of titanium dioxide on the hexagonal ruthenium(0001) surface was investigated by means of STM, XPS and AES. Due to the alloying affinity of Ti and Ru, a titanium oxide film pre-grown at low temperature was finally/fully oxidized at elevated temperature and pressure. First experiments concerning the growth of gold on these titanium dioxide films are presented. One important result of the ongoing work is the imaging of gold clusters with 2-5 atoms in the troughs of rutile(110) beside the typically observed clusters with 3 nm diameter by STM. (orig.)

  9. Simulation of phenomena at crack-like leaks and breaks in piping with consideration of fluid-structure interaction. Final report; Simulation der Phaenomene bei rissartigen Lecks und Bruechen in Rohrleitungen unter Beruecksichtigung der Fluid-Struktur-Kopplung. Abschlussbericht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sievers, J.; Grebner, H.; Bahr, L.; Heckmann, K.; Arndt, J.; Pallas-Moner, G.

    2013-11-15

    The evaluation of fluid flow rates through crack-like leaks in pressurized components plays an important role for assessments on break preclusion, especially leak-before-break considerations. In the framework of project RS1194 various calculation methods for the simulation of structure mechanical and thermo-hydraulic phenomena due to flows through crack-like leaks in the coolant circuit were examined and validated on selected leak rate experiments. Besides large program systems as ATHLET, CFX and ADINA also several simplified evaluation methods included in the GRS program WinLeck were applied especially for the determination of leak rates. For the validation of analysing methods, tests were selected previously conducted at the former Nuclear Research Centre (KfK) at Karlsruhe and the Power Plant Union (KWU). The review of experimental results already at disposal in regards to availability of measure d values of thermo-hydraulic parameters like flow-through rates, spatial distributions of pressure, temperature and aggregate state of the medium, velocity of the medium as well as leak openings, displacements and structure strains indicated, that the experiments in terms of quantification of thermo-hydraulic and structure mechanical phenomena as well as appropriate coupling effects do not provide sufficiently meaningful results. Due to missing experiments for validation of 3d numerical flow simulation in crack-like leaks experiments with flow through a Venturi orifice, which are relevant in this context, were chosen. Experiments with single phase flow were considered as well as ones with two phase flow. The post-calculations of the single phase flow showed a good agreement between the calculation results and the appropriate measured data. In the two phase flow, despite tests with various model variations, no satisfying agreement between calculation and test could be reached. According to the authors' opinion is the model approach available in CFX for the simulation of the abrupt evaporation of an overheated fluid resulting from a pressure decrease (flashing) insufficient. Hence, the two phase flow from crack-like leaks cannot be satisfactorily calculated yet with this analysis methodology at present. Thermo-hydraulic and structure mechanical analyses were performed for postulated leak positions in the surge line (SL) of a PWR type Konvoi. Leaks were assumed in form of circumferential through-wall cracks of 180 degrees length. The sizes of these leaks were calculated in the framework of FE-calculations with analysis models of a cooling loop of a PWR type Konvoi with crack-like leaks. With these leak sizes ATHLET-calculations were conducted, especially examining the influence of the consideration of a variable leak size. The implication of the decreasing leak size at the leak position in the SL-middle, especially on the pressure distribution, is significant. The reduction of the leak area due to the pressure- and temperature decrease amounts in the transient examined to ca. 25 % after about 1 h transient time and leads therefore to an approximately 23 % smaller leak rate. The results show that the consideration of the interaction between thermo-hydraulic and structure mechanical effects could enhance the accuracy of accident analyses significantly. At the determination of the leak rates as critical flow-through rates with simplified methods according to Pana, Henry and the CDR-model (critical discharge) it has to be taken into account that the approaches differ considerably in parts. The differences can be attributed especially to the assumptions for the treatment of inflow losses in the crack channel and the flow resistance coefficient due to the roughness of the crack surfaces. The investigations demonstrate that good agreement between results of the Pana and the CDR model could be achieved if the water in front of the crack-like flow channel is subcooled. Uncertainties remain especially if steam or saturated steam flow has to be considered. In total progress has been achieved concerning the determination of leak rates with simplified methods as well as in the framework of application of the codes ATHLET and ADINA. Progress concerning the simplified methods has been implemented in the GRS program WinLeck. Open points remain especially concerning the detailed simulation of fluid flow in crack-like leaks in connection with well-instrumented leak rate tests.

  10. Electronic structure of antiferromagnetic UN and UPtGe single crystals from optical and magneto-optical spectroscopy; Elektronische Struktur von antiferromagnetischen UN- und UPtGe-Einkristallen aus optischer und magnetooptischer Spektroskopie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marutzky, M.

    2006-10-12

    In this thesis the study of the magneto-optical Kerr effect and the determination of the optical constants by means of ellipsometry and Fourier-transformation infrared spectroscopy of UN and UPtGe is described. In UPtGe an optical anisotropy was detected over a spectral range from 6 meV to 32 eV. (HSI)

  11. Analiza Strukture Nezaposlenosti Visokoobrazovanih Kadrova u Republici Srpskoj i Mjere za Njezino Smanjenje / Analysis Of the Unemployment Structure of Highly Educated Personnel in the Republic of Srpska and Measures for its Reduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mastilo

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The paper aims to analyse the structure of unemployed highly educated staff in the Republic of Srpska. As indicated, such structure shall enable analysis of unemployment of highly educated staff as well as of vacant jobs on the basis of gender and profession, thus demonstrating that more than 1/2 of the staff after graduation finds themselves at the Employment Agency. This survey shall provide data indicating the unemployment duration of highly educated staff, i.e. the time they spend waiting for their first job at the Employment Agency. Unemployment analysis throughout various regions of the Republic of Srpska shall be addressed in detail. Likewise, the relevant institutions of the Republic of Srpska, acting as proxies between highly educated people and the labour market, shall be integrated in the analysis. The paper shall be particularly focused on assessment of unemployment of highly educated people from the field of economy. The problem of unemployment in the Republic of Srpska has been particularly pronounced with the last few years (2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013 and 2014. It is constantly deepened due to the inadequate enrolment policy by the Ministry and the inability of the labour market to absorb the staff in the real and the public sector. The analysis is not based exclusively on the Republic of Srpska. The measures to reduce unemployment of highly educated people in the Republic of Srpska shall also be introduced. It is evident that today’s society faces massive unemployment, including the unemployment of highly educated people in the Republic of Srpska, which represents an enormous issue, and is after all, the focus of the paper itself.

  12. Structure, magnetism, and interface properties of epitactical thin Fe and FePt films on GaAs(001) substrates; Struktur, Magnetismus und Grenzflaecheneigenschaften epitaktischer duenner Fe- und FePt-Filme auf GaAs(001)-Substraten

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schuster, Ellen Ursula

    2007-12-17

    The research in this thesis is focused on the study of the Fe spin structure and interface magnetism of thin epitaxial Fe layers or epitaxial FePt alloy films with chemical L1{sub 0} order on GaAs(001) surfaces. The main method of investigation was isotope-specific conversion electron Moessbauer spectroscopy (CEMS) combined with the {sup 57}Fe probe-layer technique in the temperature range of 4.2-300 K. The film structure was studied using electron diffraction (RHEED) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The chemical order parameter S determined by XRD was found to increase with rising growth temperature, T{sub S}, to a maximum value of 0.71, until long range order is destroyed at T{sub S}>350 C by alloying with the substrate. As an important result a linear correlation between short-range order (revealed by the relative spectral area of the L1{sub 0} phase) and long-range order S was observed. The observed perpendicular Fe spin texture, characterized by the mean tilting angle left angle {theta} right angle of the Fe spins (relative to the film normal direction), was found to correlate with the L1{sub 0} phase content and with S. Furthermore, epitaxial Fe(001) films on GaAs(001)-(4 x 6) and on GaAs(001)-LED surfaces were grown successfully. In the initial stage of Fe film growth non-monotonous behavior of the in-plane lattice parameter was observed by RHEED. The magnetic hyperfine field distributions P(B{sub hf}) at the Fe/GaAs interface extracted from CEMS spectra for T{sub S}=-140 C or room temperature (RT) were found to be very similar. The observed large mean hyperfine fields of left angle B{sub hf} right angle {approx}25-27 T at the interface indicate the presence of high average Fe moments of 1.7-1.8 {mu}{sub B}. Nonmagnetic interface layers either can be excluded (Fe/GaAs) or are very thin (0.5 ML,Fe/GaAs-LED). Owing to its island structure an ultrathin (1.9 ML thick) uncoated Fe(001) film on GaAs(001)-(4 x 6) shows superparamagnetism with a blocking temperature of T{sub B}=67 K, as revealed by in-situ CEMS in UHV. In contrast, evidence of quasi-2D-ferromagnetism with an effective exponent {beta} of 0.26 was obtained from T-dependent ex-situ CEMS measurements on Pt coated 2.5 ML thick Fe(001) films. The percolation threshold for onset of ferromagnetism at RT was found to be d{sub C}=(2.60{+-}0.5) ML Fe for Pt coated films. For an Fe(001) film on a GaAs(001)-LED that was coated by a Fe/Tb multilayer and contained a 5 ML thick {sup 57}Fe interfacial probe layer, a strong perpendicular Fe spin component left angle {theta} right angle {approx}33 and a large mean hyperfine field left angle B{sub hf} right angle =26.8 T was determined at 80 K. For the Fe/ MgO(001) interface, weak interaction between Fe and MgO layers, large hyperfine fields (left angle B{sub hf} right angle =34.2 T) and the absence of nonmagnetic layers have been revealed. (orig.)

  13. Influence of orographically induced transport process on the structure of the atmospheric boundary layer and on the distribution of trace gases; Einfluss orographisch induzierter Transportprozesse auf die Struktur der atmosphaerischen Grenzschicht und die Verteilung von Spurengasen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kossmann, M.

    1998-04-01

    The influence of terrain on the structure of the atmospheric boundary-layer and the distribution of trace gases during periods of high atmospheric pressure was studied by means of meteorological and air-chemical data collected in September 1992 during the TRACT experiment in the transition area between the upper Rhine valley and the northern Black Forest. The emphasis was on the investigation of the development of the convective boundary layer, the formation of thermally induced circulation systems, and the orographic exchange between the atmospheric boundary layer and the free troposphere. Thanks to the extensive measurements, phenomena not yet described in literature could be verified by case studies, and processes that had only been established qualitatively could be quantified. (orig.)

  14. Investigations about the structure of the transient diesel fuel injection jet near the nozzle with the method of radio-frequency cinematography. Untersuchungen zur Struktur des instationaeren Dieseloeleinspritzstrahles im Duesennahbereich mit der Methode der Hochfrequenz-Kinematografie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eifler, W.

    1990-03-22

    Precise knowledge on the flow processes in interior of a fuel injector and of a diesel jet near the nozzle are required in order to reduce the pollutant emissions of a diesel engine through selective optimization of mixing. A radio-frequency cinematography system on the basis of a pulsed laser and streak camera was developed in order to make such flow processes visible. Transparent nozzle caps were used for isolation of the start parameters. The 'supercavitation' inside the nozzles, which in this way was made visible, continues far into the pressure chamber and governs the jet structure near the nozzle. The real diesel injection jet was examined subsequently systematically by different hydraulic start parameters. It was found out that in the case of all bag hole compressions that are relevant for mixing, the jet pattern is determined essentially through the protrusions resulting from implosion. First investigations about evaporation behavior pointed to a preferred ignition site in the marginal zone of the jet. (HWJ).

  15. The software application CyclSyntWin for synthesis and optimization of the magnetic structures and magnet of cyclotrons; Programmnoe prilozhenie CyclSyntWin dlya sinteza i optimizatsii magnitnykh struktur i magnitov tsiklotronov

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Franko, J.; Gulbekian, G. G.; Ivanenko, I. A.

    2014-07-01

    The Laboratory of Nuclear Reactions, JINR, Dubna, is engaged in the development and creation of new cyclotrons. In the initial phase of development it is necessary in a relatively short period of time to analyze several variants for their magnetic structures. The paper deals with the software application CyclSyntWin developed at the Laboratory, which allows one to pre-analyze several variants and determine the basic physical and geometrical parameters of the magnetic structure and the cyclotron magnet. In this way, the data can then be used in the 3D software applications, which greatly speeds up the process of the final synthesis of the magnetic structure and a cyclotron magnet. Software application CyclSyntWin can synthesize and optimize the magnetic structures of cyclotrons with straight and spiral sectors, close to azimuthally symmetric ones. The ratio of the air gaps in the valley and in the sectors area should not exceed 25, the angle of the spiral sector shall not be greater than 40 degrees, and the average magnetic field is no more than 2 T [Russian] Лаборатория ядерных реакций ОИЯИ (Дубна) занимается разработкой и созданием новых циклотронов. В начальной фазе таких разработок необходимо за относительно короткое время проанализировать несколько вариантов их магнитных структур. В работе рассматривается разработанное в лаборатории программное приложение CyclSyntWin, которое позволяет предварительно проанализировать несколько вариантов и определить основные физические и геометрические параметры магнитной структуры, а также самого магнита циклотрона. Таким способом полученные данные могут быть в дальнейшем использованы в 3D-программных приложениях, что существенно ускоряет процесс финального синтеза магнитной структуры и магнита циклотрона. Программным приложением CyclSyntWin можно синтезировать и оптимизировать магнитные структуры циклотронов с прямыми и спиральными секторами, близкие азимутально-симметричным. Отношение их воздушных зазоров в долине и в районе секторов не должно превышать значения 25, угол спиральных секторов не должен быть больше 40° и среднее магнитное поле не более 2 Тл.

  16. X-ray absorption spectroscopy on phosphoric-salt pellets. Determination of the geometric and electronic structure of metal-oxide doped sodium-phosphate glasses; Roentgenabsorptionsspektroskopie an Phosphorsalzperlen. Bestimmung der geometrischen und elektronischen Struktur von metalloxid-dotierten Natriumphosphatglaesern

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brendebach, B.

    2004-02-01

    Sodium metaphosphate glasses doped with transition metal oxides show characteristic colors. X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) investigations provide information whether the coloration stems from different electronic transitions or changes in the geometrical structure of the glasses. Even though the violet color of MnO{sub y}-doped glasses is considered as an evidence for Mn{sup 3+}-ions, Mn K-XAS reveals that the majority of the manganese ions are in the oxidation state +II and have a mixed coordination of four and six oxygen atoms, respectively. The oxygen coordination around the nickel ions in NiO-doped glasses with different metall oxide concentrations is always six. The change of color from citreous to auburn with increasing nickel oxide content is attributed to a systematic change in the bonding characteristic from mainly ionic-like to a small but significant contribution of covalent-like bonding. Analysis of higher coordination shells provides no indication of the formation of metal oxide clusters. (orig.)

  17. Analisis Model Struktural Faktor-Faktor Pembentuk Fashion-Oriented Impulse Buying Produk Ritel Fashion Berdasarkan Sudut Pandang Konsumen Usia Remaja [Structural Model Analysis of Fashion-Oriented Impulse Buying of Retail Products Based on the Teenage Customer's Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Berto Mulia Wibawa

    2018-05-01

    Full Text Available The impact of globalization encourages many retailers from abroad with great capital to perform business activities especially in Indonesia. This also supported by the fashion industry which is currently growing. Unplanned purchases (or impulse buying is an act of purchase made by consumers who previously had no plans to buy the product. This study examines how fashion involvement influences positive emotion, hedonic consumption tendency, and fashion-oriented impulse buying at the retail fashion at Galaxy Mall Surabaya. The method of this study is using conclusive descriptive design with a multiple cross-sectional and judgmental sampling type. The distribution of questionnaires was done by direct survey to 188 customers of Zara, Pull & Bear and Stradivarius aged 15-21 who made purchases in one of those three stores in the last 1 month. The results of this study showed that fashion involvement has a positive effect on positive emotion, hedonic consumption tendency, and fashion-oriented impulse buying. A hedonic consumption tendency has a positive effect on positive emotions and fashion-oriented impulse buying. Other findings show that positive emotions have no influence towards fashion-oriented impulse buying. The results also recommended that retail mix strategy can be applied by Zara, Pull & Bear and Stradivarius to maximize retail revenue from potential customers by using the advantage of impulse buying behavior. Bahasa Indonesia Abstrak: Dampak globalisasi mendorong banyak pengusaha ritel dari luar negeri dengan kemampuan kapital yang besar melakukan aktivitas bisnis di Indonesia. Hal ini didukung oleh fenomena industri fashion yang saat ini semakin berkembang di Indonesia. Pembelian tak terencana (impulse buying merupakan tindakan pembelian yang dilakukan konsumen dimana sebelumnya belum ada rencana untuk membeli produk tersebut. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguji hubungan fashion involvement, positive emotion, hedonic consumption tendency, dan fashion-oriented impulse buying pada ritel fashion di Galaxy Mall Surabaya. Metode penelitian ini menggunakan desain penelitian deskriptif konklusif dengan tipe multiple cross-sectional dan judgmental sampling. Penyebaran kuesioner telah dilakukan dengan cara survei langsung ke 188 pelanggan Zara, Pull&Bear, dan Stradivarius yang berusia 15-21 yang pernah melakukan aktivitas pembelian di salah satu dari ketiga ritel tersebut dalam 1 bulan terakhir. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa fashion involvement memiliki pengaruh positif terhadap positive emotion, hedonic consumption tendency, dan fashion-oriented impluse buying. kemudian hedonic consumption tendency memiliki pengaruh positif terhadap positif emotion dan fashion-oriented impulse buying, Temuan lainnya menunjukkan positive emotion tidak berpengaruh terhadap fashion-oriented impulse buying. Hasil penelitian ini juga merekomendasikan strategi retail mix dapat diterapkan oleh Zara, Pull&Bear, dan Stradivarius untuk memaksimalkan pendapatan ritel dari calon pelanggan dengan memanfaatkan perilaku impulse buying.

  18. Analiza kvalitete procesa sušenja u klasičnim komornim sušionicama

    OpenAIRE

    Sedlar, Tomislav; Pervan, Stjepan

    2010-01-01

    U radu su dani rezultati ispitivanja kvalitete sušenja u klasičnoj komornoj sušionici. Ispitivanje se temelji na novoj metodologiji kojom se prikazuje razina uspješnosti procesa sušenja na temelju analize kvalitete tog procesa u klasičnoj komornoj sušionici, korištenjem znanstveno unaprijeđene verzije liste provjere u svakodnevnoj praktičnoj primjeni. Za verificiranje nove metodologije ispitivanja izabrano je poduzeće koje se specijaliziralo za izradu lamel parketa i klasičnog parketa. U s...

  19. Narrativity in Teaching Materials

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Poulsen, Jens Aage

    2010-01-01

    Analyse af narrative strukturer i nordiske læremidler om historie- og nordiske læreres forståelse og brug af læremidlerne i undervisningen......Analyse af narrative strukturer i nordiske læremidler om historie- og nordiske læreres forståelse og brug af læremidlerne i undervisningen...

  20. Estimasi Kedalaman Dengan Spektral 1Dimensin Terhadap Data Anomali Bouguer Lengkap

    OpenAIRE

    Maria, Maria

    2003-01-01

    Telah dilakukan interpretasi terhadap data anomali gravitasi Bouguer lengkap dari data pengukuran di daerah gunng Merapi dan gunung Merbabu, untuk mengatahui kedalaman struktur lokal dan regional. Data anomali Bouguer lengkap di proyeksikan ke bidang datar pada ketinggian 4 km di atas sferoida referensi. perhitungan kedalaman struktur lokal dan regional diperolah berdasarkan analisis spektral 1-Dimensi.

  1. Hvordan man fortæller historier i barokoperaer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Henrik

    2013-01-01

    Artiklen er en formidlingsudgave af en forskningsartikel fra 2005, "Narrative strukturer i barokoperaer eksemplificeret genem en analyse af Marin Marais' og Antoine Houdar de la Mottes "Alcione" (1706)......Artiklen er en formidlingsudgave af en forskningsartikel fra 2005, "Narrative strukturer i barokoperaer eksemplificeret genem en analyse af Marin Marais' og Antoine Houdar de la Mottes "Alcione" (1706)...

  2. International indsats

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sachs, Therese

    En analyse af Beredskabsstyrelsens internationale engagement og muligheder for international indsats fremover. Forslag til struktur logistisk og materielt samt til udvikling af personel-kompetencer......En analyse af Beredskabsstyrelsens internationale engagement og muligheder for international indsats fremover. Forslag til struktur logistisk og materielt samt til udvikling af personel-kompetencer...

  3. Alternative Actuation and Detection Principles for Resonating Cantilevers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grigorov, Alexander

    2006-01-01

    punktstrukturering og omrids skrivning. Vi undersøgte metal fabrikationen af hængende strukturer og opfaldt en ny proces, der involverer top-lag-afskrælning af en vinklet deponering. Vi anvendte denne proces til fremstillingen af vippe strukturer, der har z-formede, u-formede og rektangulære tværsnit. De nye...

  4. Kritik Sosial terhadap Sistem Pendidikan Formal di Indonesia: Kajian Sosiologis Atas Novel Catatan Seorang Novelis Karya Maia Rosyida

    OpenAIRE

    PURARIYANI, ELOK DEWI

    2013-01-01

    Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengungkap kaitan antarunsur struktur danmengungkapkan mendeskripsikan unsur-unsur struktur novel CSN dan mengungkapkanbagaimana penyimpangan-penyimpangan yang terjadi dalam sistem dan penyelenggaraanpendidikan di Indonesia. Untuk mengetahui penyimpangan-penyimpangan dalam sistempendidikan dalam novel Catatan Seorang Novelis makan penulis menggunakan teorisosiologi sastra. Penyajian hasil analisis data menggunakan metode deskriptif analisis. Metode inidigunakan un...

  5. Enzyme catalysed production of phospholipids with modified fatty acid profile

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vikbjerg, Anders Falk

    2006-01-01

    Phospholipider har stor anvendelse i levnedsmiddel-, kosmetik-, og farmaceutiske produkter for blandt andet deres emulgerende egenskaber samt evne til at danne liposomer. Interessen for at ændre på phospholipidernes struktur er stigende. Strukturændringer resulterer i ændret funktionalitet. Ved u...

  6. Forskere som nano-arkitekter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Morten Muhlig; Andersen, Ebbe Sloth

    2009-01-01

    Dna er et fantastisk byggemateriale, som ud fra enkle principper kan samle sig selv til umådeligt komplicerede strukturer. Forskerne udnytter nu disse egenskaber til at lave deres egne, hjemmedesignede dna-strukturer, som kan tænkes anvendt i mange forskellige sammenhænge. Udgivelsesdato: juli...

  7. PRODUKCIJA DOKUMENTARNIH FILMOV O ŽIVALIH

    OpenAIRE

    Vrabec, Petra

    2016-01-01

    Diplomsko delo opisuje produkcijo dokumentarnega filma o živalih in bralca vodi skozi potek produkcijskega procesa. Z diplomskim delom želimo ugotoviti standarde za doseganje visokokakovostnih dokumentarnih filmih o živalih. Lotili smo se pregleda predprodukcijskega procesa, elementov, vključenih v fazo planiranja, in kaj je pri tem potrebno upoštevati. Pogledali smo produkcijske pristope in opremo ter situacije, v katerih se uporablja. Prikazujemo, kaj je pomembno v zaključni fazi postproduk...

  8. Army Science Conference Proceedings Held in Orlando, Florida on June 22 - 25, 1992. Volume 3, Principal Authors N Through Z.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-06-25

    Cooke, P. W. I 291 Evans, Timothy D. See Hansen, John V.E. II 1 Ezzell , John W. See Friedlander, Arthur I 445 Fazi, C. Observation of rf-Induced I 421...resolution cf the NO’ ion sigr--! c,, mile -- 30. A total selectivity value of 5 x 105 is obtained when using values of 500 nm and 0.001 nm for RREMPI

  9. Studi Perbandingan Proses Pengelasan Smaw Pada Lingkungan Darat dan Bawah Air Terhadap Ketahanan Uji Bending Weld Joint Material A36

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Safira Dwi Anggraeni

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui perbedaan nilai kekuatan uji bending,  dan kekerasan pada sambungan weld joint plat baja A36 pada proses pengelasan SMAW di lingkungan darat dan bawah air. Penelitian ini menggunakan Baja A36 dengan variasi lingkungan pengelasan yakni di darat dan di bawah air dengan menggunakan las SMAW dan memakai elektroda E7018 diameter 3,2 mm. Spesimen dilakukan pengujian bending berupa face bend dan root bend, pengujian kekerasan dan foto mikro. Pada pengujian bending pengelasan di darat tidak menghasilkan cacat yang berarti, sedangkan untuk hasil pengujian bending face dan root pada pengelasan bawah air terdapat cacat sepanjang daerah lasan sebesar 38 mm, hal ini tidak dapat diterima karena ukuran cacat lebih besar dari persyaratan yang ada pada ASME Section IX edisi 2015. Pada pengujian kekerasan, nilai kekerasan tertinggi pada pengelasan di darat adalah 200,5 HVN sedangkan nilai kekerasan teritinggi pada pengelasan bawah air adalah 290,2 HVN. Hasil pengujian kekerasan tertinggi pada pengelasan bawah air lebih rendah dari persyaratan AWS D3.6M – Underwater Welding Code, sehinga nilai kekerasan memenuhi persyaratan standar. Hasil foto mikro pada pengelasan di darat pada daerah base metal, persentase struktur mikro untuk ferit adalah 75,44% dan perlit adalah 24,56%. Pada daerah HAZ, persentase struktur mikro untuk ferit adalah 70,11% dan perlit adalah 28,89%. Pada daerah weld metal, persentase struktur mikro untuk ferit adalah 61,11% dan perlit adalah 38,89%. Sedangkan untuk hasil foto mikro pada pengelasan di bawah air pada daerah base metal, persentase struktur mikro untuk ferit adalah 74,89% dan perlit adalah 25,11%. Pada daerah HAZ, persentase struktur mikro untuk martensit adalah 46,11%,   struktur mikro ferit adalah 18,22% dan struktur mikro perlit adalah 35,67%. Pada daerah weld metal, persentase struktur mikro untuk ferit adalah 48,9% dan struktur mikro perlit adalah 51,1%. 

  10. I Juragan Anom: (Sebuah Kajian Tekstual

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ida Bagus Putra Yadnya

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Tulisan ini ditujukan untuk memberikan tinjauan teoretis mengenai konsep konteks situasi dan aplikasi model teoretis Hallday (1985 tentang konteks situasi terhadap teks I Juragan Anom, sebuah teks tradisional Bali berwujud prosa naratif yang tidak saja bisa dipahami sebagai suatu cerita rakyat yang bercerita tentang perjalanan hidup karakter di dalam cerita tersebut yang dikemas dalam struktur kisahan cerita Panji dan memiliki sejumlah kesamaan struktur alur universal dari the Hero of Tradition serta memiliki bobot edukatif bagi pendidikan dan pembinaan anak-anak. Jangkauan pembicaraan dan kajian terhadap teks tersebut terbatas pada (1 kesatuan teks yang mencakup kesatuan struktur dan texture, (2 konteks situasi dan (3 konteks budayanya.

  11. Potensi Arang Hasil Pirolisis Tempurung Kelapa sebagai Material Karbon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meytij Jeanne Rampe

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Telah dilakukan kajian pengembangan material karbon dari arang hasil pirolisis tempurung kelapa. Penelitian bertujuan mempelajari penggunaan polivinil alkohol (PVA sebagai stimulan dalam pengembangan arang terhadap sifat-sifat fisikokimia material karbon. Kalsinasi, pencampuran, dan sintering temperatur tinggi dilakukan pada proses penerapan teknologi karbon. Metode analisis X-ray Diffraction (XRD, Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM, Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy (EDS untuk pengujian struktur kristal, topografi permukaan berupa struktur mikro dan analisis unsur material karbon. Karakteristik produk material karbon menunjukkan perubahan karakter di mana terjadi perubahan sifat fisikokimia dari arang amorf menjadi karbon dengan struktur semi-kristalin.Kata kunci: Arang, Tempurung Kelapa, Pirolisis, Karbon

  12. Konstruktioner i nyere københavnske bygninger

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2002-01-01

    Denne eksempelsamling indeholder en registrering af konstruktionen i udvalgte nyere bygninger i København og omegn udarbejdet af 1. års arkitektstuderende i forbindelse med kurset Struktur og konstruktioner i februar 2002....

  13. Den europæiske sukkersektor - efter reformerne

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Henning Otte

    2017-01-01

    Med reformerne af EU’s sukkerpolitik ændredes vilkårene for hele den europæiske sukkersektor. Resultatet ses nu i form af stærkere struktur- og produktivitetsudvikling og dermed en stigende international konkurrenceevne.......Med reformerne af EU’s sukkerpolitik ændredes vilkårene for hele den europæiske sukkersektor. Resultatet ses nu i form af stærkere struktur- og produktivitetsudvikling og dermed en stigende international konkurrenceevne....

  14. Study of electronic excitation and diffraction effects as well as growth, structure, and magnetic properties of ultrathin 3d metal films on Cu(001) by means of grazing-incidence ion scattering; Untersuchung elektronischer Anregungs- und Beugungseffekte sowie Wachstum, Struktur und magnetischer Eigenschaften ultraduenner 3d-Metallfilme auf Cu(001) mittels streifender Ionenstreuung

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bernhard, T.

    2006-11-23

    H{sup +} and He{sup +} ions with an energy of 25 keV are scattered under a grazing angle of incidence from a clean and flat Cu(001) surface. For specific azimuthal orientations of the crystal surface with respect to low index directions in the surface plane we observe the ion induced emission of electrons with a conventional LEED (low energy electron diffraction) setup. By operating the instrument in an energy dispersive mode we find intensity distributions of emitted electrons which can unequivocally be ascribed to diffraction effects at the target surface. From this ion induced LEED-reflexes (IILEED) we get important information about the electron excitation- and emission effects during the scattering process. In the second part of this work we investigate the correlation between thin-film growth (Co,Fe,Mn on Cu(001)) and electron emission in the regime of grazing ion scattering. The ''rough'' surface of uncompleted layers increase the probability of binary collisions of incident ions with individual atoms at the surface. The energy spectras and the number distribution of emitted electrons are substantially influenced by these ''violent'' collisions and allow us to monitor growth of thin films via simple measurements of target current or from energy spectra of emitted electrons. The method provides excellent signals and is also applicable in the regime of poor layer growth. By making use of ion beam triangulation (IBT), direct information on the atomic structure of thin films and substrate surfaces is obtained. We discuss in the third part of this work a new variant of this method based on the detection of the number of emitted electrons. The data are analyzed via computer simulations using classical mechanics which provides a quantitative analysis with respect to projectile trajectories. This new detection scheme allows the determination of the in-plane structure of reconstructed thin films and surfaces with high precision. The impressed potential of this method is demonstrated by quantitative analysis of the structural phases of Fe and Mn on Cu(001). (orig.)

  15. Magnetism and metal insulator transition in FeSi and FeGe. Ab Initio investigations of the electronic structure; Magnetismus und Metall-Isolator-Uebergang in FeSi und FeGe. Ab-initio-Untersuchungen der elektronischen Struktur

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Neef, Matthias

    2007-03-19

    Aim of this thesis was to reach by a systematic study of different ab initio procedures an improved description of the electronic properties of FeSi and FeGe. Central result is the itinerant description of FeSi as a semiconductor in the neighbourhood of a ferromagnetic instability. The regardment of the nonlocal exchange in the effective one-particle approximation leads to a metastable magnetic state scarcely above the magnetic ground state. The application of the hybrid functional leads to a 1st order metal-isolator transition for large lattice parameters: FeSi transforms at increasement of the lattice parameter from an unmagnetic isolator to a magnetic metal. A similar behavior is found in the isostructural compound FeGe. The two systems FeSi and FeGe were systematically and detailedly analyzed by means of ab initio procedures. Thereby the structural, electronic, and magnetic properties were studied with DFT and HF calculations. Both calculations with spin polarization and without spin polarization were performed.

  16. Structure-property relationship of compounds with pyrite and shandite structure with metal-semiconductor transition in InSnCo{sub 3}S{sub 2}; Struktur-Eigenschafts-Beziehungen von Verbindungen mit Pyrit- und Shanditstruktur mit Metall-Halbleiter-Uebergang in InSnCo{sub 3}S{sub 2}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rothballer, Jan

    2014-12-23

    The aim of this Ph.D thesis is to correlate theoretical calculations and experimental data to understand the building and stabilities of structures to influence the properties due to applications. Properties of compounds are defined by their electronic structures. The electronic structure can be influenced by substitution of elements or even doping. As a matter of fact, electronic design is a basic principle in materials research. It can help to change or switch the electric conductivity or the magnetism of a starting compound. I analyzed compounds with pyrite-type structure and Sn{sub 2}Co{sub 3}S{sub 2} and related compounds to these. Its electronic as well as its crystallographic structure is highly flexible and Sn{sub 2}Co{sub 3}S{sub 2} is a half metallic ferromagnet. By substituting In to Sn one gets a semiconductor due to indium-tin ordering. By doping sulfur against selenium, the magnetism is highly influenced. To verify and to understand these effects I did magnetic, XRD, neutron and conductivity measurements as well as DFT calculations in direct and reciprocal space.

  17. Contactless detection of the structure and selected parameters of a two-phase-flow by pattern recognition based ultrasonic techniques. Final report; Beruehrungslose Detektion der Struktur und Messung ausgewaehlter Parameter von Zweiphasenstroemungen durch Mustererkennungsverfahren unter Verwendung von Ultraschall als Messsonde. Abschlussbericht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Prasser, H.M.; Schuetz, P.; Kossok, N.

    1997-11-01

    An ultrasonic measuring method is presented, which allows to measure the volume flow densities of the gas and the liquid phases in a pipeline. A prototype was developed in co-operation with the Technical University of Nishny Novgorod, Russia. It operates in pulse-echo and in pulse-transmission models with wave guide sensors, which can be clamped also on hot pipelines up to 350 C. The basis of the measuring method is a pattern recognition technique. In certain regions of flow rates, it determines the volume flow densities with an error of less than 10%, provided the thermodynamic parameters are almost constant. An extension of the training matrices by adding a thermodynamic parameter (temperature, pressure) allows to apply the classification method for fluids with variable physical properties, too. The pattern recognition and the ultrasonic hardware were experimentally optimised and tested. The ultrasonic signals were also classified by an unsupervised learning procedure. The found clusters show a significant similarity to flow maps known from the literature. It was shown that the method of unsupervised learning can be used for the automatic setup of flow maps. A special chapter is dedicated to the water level measurement in a segment of the main circulation line of nuclear pressurised water reactors. (orig.) [Deutsch] Es wird ein Ultraschall-Messverfahren fuer Zweiphasenstroemungen vorgestellt, das die simultane Messung der Volumenstromdichte der Gas- und Fluessigphase in einer Rohrleitung ermoeglicht. Ein Prototyp wurde in Zusammenarbeit mit der Universitaet Nishny Novgorod (Russland) aufgebaut. Es realisiert einen gepulsten Transmissions- und Reflexionsbetrieb mit Wellenleitersensoren, die auch an heisse Rohrleitungen bis zu 350 C direkt angekoppelt werden koennen. Kernstueck der Messmethode ist ein Mustererkennungsverfahren, das in bestimmten Volumenstrombereichen nach einer umfangreichen Kalibrierung (Trainingsprozess) einen Messfehler von kleiner 10% besitzt, wenn die thermodynamischen und geometrischen Randbedingungen nahezu konstant bleiben. Durch die Erweiterung der Trainingsmatrizen um einen, die thermodynamischen Eigenschaften determinierenden Parameter (z.B. Temperatur, Druck) kann das Klassifizierungsverfahren auch auf Faelle mit veraenderlichen Stoffwerten angewandt werden. Das Mustererkennungsverfahren und die Ultraschalltechnik wurden experimentell optimiert und erprobt. Die Ultraschallsignale wurden ausserdem mit Hilfe der Methode des unueberwachten Lernens klassifiziert. Die gefundenen Gruppen von Signalmustern weisen eine deutliche Aehnlichkeit zu bekannten Stroemungskarten auf. Es wird gezeigt, dass das Verfahren des unueberwachten Lernens sich fuer die objektive Aufstellung von Stroemungskarten eignet. In einem speziellen Kapitel werden die Ergebnisse von Tests zur Fuellstandsmessung in einem Segment der Hauptumwaelzleitung von Druckwasserreaktoren vorgestellt. (orig.)

  18. „Je nutné, aby lidi měli pocit, že na tom večírku musí být“: Zpráva z konference Strukturální změna na podporu genderové rovnosti ve výzkumných organizacích

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Linková, Marcela

    2014-01-01

    Roč. 15, č. 1 (2014), s. 78-84 ISSN 1213-0028 R&D Projects: GA MŠk(CZ) LE12003 Institutional support: RVO:68378025 Subject RIV: AO - Sociology, Demography http://www.genderonline.cz/cs/issue/36-rocnik-15-cislo-1-2014/406

  19. Structure of energy supply, energy analysis, projections for energy demand development and for emission-reducing energy carrier application in powered vehicles in the district Schmalkalden-Meiningen; Struktur der Energieversorgung, Energieanalysen, Prognosen zur Energiebedarfsentwicklung und zum emissionsmindernden Energietraegereinsatz fuer Kraftfahrzeuge im Landkreis Schmalkalden-Meiningen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Krah, N. [Fachhochschule Schmalkalden (Germany). Fachbereich Maschinenbau

    2001-07-01

    The present publication is based on facts, data, knowledge and projects, which have been incorporated in the development of an energy concept for the district Schmalkalden-Meiningen. The energy concept of a district is a concept oriented at action on and realisation of mid-term and long term decisions in the fields of energy policy, economy and ecology, which must be taken by municipal and economic decision-making bodies. The energy concept accords with the targets of the Agenda 21, the environmental targets of the Federal Republic of Germany and of the Land Thuringia. Accepting this energy concept the district Schmalkalden-Meiningen shows its willingness to contribute to a lasting development in all fields of economy and ecology and thus does justice to its increasing responsibility. (orig.) [German] Die vorliegende Veroeffentlichung baut auf Fakten, Daten, Erkenntnissen und Projekten auf, die in die Erarbeitung des Energiekonzeptes fuer den Landkreis Schmalkalden-Meiningen eingeflossen sind. Das Energiekonzept eines Landkreises ist ein handlungs- und umsetzungsorientiertes Konzept fuer mittel- und langfristige energiepolitische, wirtschaftliche und oekologische Entscheidungen, die kommunale und wirtschaftliche Entscheidungstraeger zu treffen haben. Es steht im Einklang mit den Zielen der Agenda 21, den Umweltzielen der Bundesrepublik Deutschland und denen des Landes Thueringen. Der Landkreis Schmalkalden-Meiningen hat mit der Annahme dieses Energiekonzeptes seine Bereitschaft dokumentiert, zu einer nachhaltigen Entwicklung in allen oekonomischen und oekologischen Bereichen beizutragen und seiner daraus erwachsenen Verantwortung gerecht zu werden. (orig.)

  20. Frank Wollman v kontextu strukturální teorie a terénních výzkumů slovesného folkloru (Příspěvek k nálezu tzv. wollmanovského moravského sběru)

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Zelenková, Anna

    2017-01-01

    Roč. 104, č. 4 (2017), s. 493-509 ISSN 0009-0794 Institutional support: RVO:68378017 Keywords : Wollman, Frank * Czech and Slovak folklore studies * the structural theory of folklore * Moravian collection of folk verbal art Subject RIV: AJ - Letters, Mass-media, Audiovision OBOR OECD: Literary theory

  1. Influence of mass measurements at FSR-ESR on r-process calculations. Report on the work performed under contract ''4500047689 / 23.09.2004'' in the frame of the HGF Virtual Institute VH VI-061 ''Struktur der Kerne und Astrophysik (VISTARS)''

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pfeiffer, B.

    2006-07-01

    The aim of the study is to examine the influence of direct mass measurements performed at the FRS-ESR of the GSI on the calculations of isotopic abundances in the astrophysical r-process. In addition, persepectives for measurements with the future Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research FAIR are shown. (orig.)

  2. Katalog démonologických pověstí, žánr a strukturální naratologie: literárněteoretické poznámky k folkloristickému dílu

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Šidák, Pavel

    2016-01-01

    Roč. 64, č. 3 (2016), s. 408-418 ISSN 0009-0468 Institutional support: RVO:68378068 Keywords : folklore studies * literary studies * methodology * catalogue of folklore material Subject RIV: AJ - Letters, Mass-media, Audiovision

  3. Fabrication of ultra-thin cerium oxide layers on Ru(0001) single crystal surfaces. Scanning tunneling microscopic and photoelectron spectroscopic studies on growth, structure and properties; Herstellung ultraduenner Ceroxidschichten auf Ru(0001)-Einkristallflaechen. Rastertunnelmikroskopische und photoelektronenspektroskopische Untersuchungen zu Wachstum, Struktur und Eigenschaften

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bouchtaoui, Mustapha

    2016-12-07

    The thesis at hand aims at a study of structure and properties of well-defined ultrathin CeO{sub 2} films supported on Ru(0001). Such systems may serve as model systems in heterogenous catalysis. The epitaxial growth of ceria films on Ru(0001) surface has been achieved by electron beam evaporation of metal Cer at low background oxygen pressure of 10{sup -6} mbar under ultrahigh-vacuum conditions at room temperature. Cerium oxide qualifies for proper oxygen-storage in oxidation reactions, and hence it widely used in heterogenous catalysis. The oxidation begins with the adsorption of CO on the CeO{sub 2}(111) surface, and it ends with participation of lattice oxygen leading to vacancy formation and CO{sub 2} desorption. We investigate the geometric structure by means of scanning tunneling microscopy and low energy electron diffraction. The coverage of 2.5 monolayers (ML) was sufficient to cover the substrate almost completely. We further analysed the interaction of CO with the CeO{sub 2}/Ru(0001) and the Pt/CeO{sub 2}/Ru(0001) systems. During the interaction process the ratio of Ce{sup 4+} and Ce{sup 3+} changes significantly. This ratio change as well as the effect of Pt evaporated onto the surface with respect to the reducibility of CeO{sub 2}/Ru(0001) in CO environment has been studied by X-ray photoemission spectroscopy and it has been confirmed with thermal desorption spectroscopy. It is revealed that the Pt-Nanoparticles with a height from 7.15 Aa to 9.73 Aa clearly enhances the reducibility of CeO{sub 2}.

  4. Construction and building of a compact RFQ spiral structure for the stopping of highly charged heavy ion beams for the HITRAP project of the GSI; Konstruktion und Aufbau einer kompakten RFQ-Spiral-Struktur zum Abbremsen hochgeladener Schwerionenstrahlen fuer das HITRAP-Projekt der GSI

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hofmann, B.

    2007-07-01

    For experiments of the atomic-physics group of the GSI in Darmstadt an ion stopper is built, which will make low-energetic, extremely highly charged ions available. The plannings for the so-called HITRAP (highly charged ion's trap) began at the beginning of the ninetieth. With this facility highly-charged heavy ions shall be stopped in two stages to very low, thermal velocities, and be available for highly precise mass spectroscopy, measurements of the g factor of the bound electron of hydrogen-like ions, and other atomic-physics experiments. This decelerator facility shall first be built in the reinjection channel behind the ESR with the possibility, to apply all components later in teh extension of the GSI in the framework of the FAIR project in the facility for low-energetic antiprotons and ions to be newly built. the present thesis treats the development and the building of an integrated RFQ debuncher stopping accelerator, which represents a part of the HITRAP stopping structures. By this the ion beam is stopped from the IH stopping accelerator with an energy of 500 keV/u to 5 keV/u. By the integrated spiral buncher the beam can be fitted in energy and energy deviation to the subsequent cooler trap. In this thesis the foundations of the particle dynamics in a RFQ accelerator for the stopping of particle beams were worked out and realized, the particle-dynamics calculations necessary for the lay-out of such a structure performed with RFQSim, suitable RF structures with the simulation program Microwave Studio developed and studied, as well as the thermal load of the structures studied with the finite-element code ALGOR. A further, central topic of this thesis is the building and the tuning of the RFQ structure in order to reach a homogeneous as possible field distribution along the electrodes. Measurements of the fields in the RFQ were performed with a disturbing condenser, at the debuncher with a disturbing body. After successfully performed vacuum tests at the IAP thr RFQ debuncher combination is now ready for first high-power tests at the GSI.

  5. Studies on II-VI and III-V semiconductor nanostructures. Introduction of the core/shell/shell structure and development of CdSe nanocrystals in an automatized procedure; Untersuchungen an II-VI und III-V Halbleiternanostrukturen. Einfuehrung der Core/shell/shell-Struktur und Darstellung von CdSe-Nanokristallen in einem automatisierten Verfahren

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mekis, I.

    2005-11-15

    The work in this dissertation is focused on the development and characterization of fluorescent II-VI and III-V-Nanomaterials. Highly luminescent and photostable Nanocrystals with narrow size distributions were prepared. It was shown that nearly monodisperse CdSe-Nanocrystals could be prepared from Cd(Ac){sub 2} and TOPSe in a mixture of TOPO/TOP/HDA/TDPA. Nearly monodisperse CdSe/CdS-Core/shell-Nanocrystals have been prepared in a one-pot-synthesis by injection of H{sub 2}S-Gas into a freshly prepared crude solution of CdSe. The passivation of the CdSe-core with an inorganic shell of CdS resulted in the drastic improvement of the photoluminescence-efficiency of the colloidal solution. Reproducible room-temperature quantum yields reached up to a value of 85%. Photostability investigations have proved the enhanced stability of CdSe/CdS-Nanocrystals compared to CdSe-Nanocrystals under illumination with UV-Light. A novel type of luminescent semiconductor nanocrystal structure has been developed, consisting of a CdSe core and two anorganic shells. Highly fluorescent and nearly monodisperse CdSe/CdS/ZnS- and CdSe/ZnSe/ZnS-Core/shell/shell-nanocrystals have been prepared via organometallic- and acetate-precursors. The Core/she ll/shell particles reached reproducible room-temperature quantum yields up to 85%. Photostability investigations among CdSe-core, CdSe/CdS-Core/shell- and CdSe/CdS/ZnS- Core/shell/-shell-nanocrystals under illumination with UV-light have proved the highest photostability of the Core/shell/shell-particles. The photostabilities of CdSe/ZnSe/ZnS-and CdSe/ZnS-nanocrystals were compared under illumination with intense laser-beam in air. Another part of this work focused on the development of an automated synthesis procedure of CdSe-nanocrystals by constructing and implementing a flow-reactor system. The size and structure of prepared nanocrystals depended considerably on the Cd:Se-precursorratio and the flow-rate. The preparation of CdSe using Cd(Ac)2 and TOPSe in a mixture of TOPO/TOP/HDA/TDPA consequently could be adapted to an automated synthesis procedure. In the last part of this work the preparation of GaAs-nanostructures is discussed. Amorphous nanostructures could be prepared by the use of Ga(C{sub 2}H{sub 5}){sub 3} and Triphenylarsane in a mixture of benzylether and TDPA by adjusting the coordinating force of the reaction mixture but the growth of nanocrystalline material could not be initiated. The preparation of GaAs-Bulk material was sucessful by the use of weakly coordinating solvents, such as TOP. (orig.)

  6. Die Struktur der Trance in afrobrasilianischen Kulten. Über die Ritualisierung veränderter Bewusstseinszustände anhand von Therapie, Initiation, Liturgie und Divination - The structure of trance in afro-brasilian cults. On the ritualization of modified states of consciousness in therapy, initiation, lithurgy and divination

    OpenAIRE

    Stefan Festini Cucco

    2014-01-01

    Trance as a ritualized modified state of consciousness plays a key role in many moments of religious life in afro-brasilian cults. It is the main means of interaction, communication and the exchange of vital energy axé between devotees, gods and ghosts. As such it characterizes the cults’ liturgy, initiatory rituals, therapeutic methods and divination techniques, which can hardly be considered solely if the aim is a holistic understanding of the structure of trance. By followin...

  7. Die Struktur der Trance in afrobrasilianischen Kulten. Über die Ritualisierung veränderter Bewusstseinszustände anhand von Therapie, Initiation, Liturgie und Divination - The structure of trance in afro-brasilian cults. On the ritualization of modified states of consciousness in therapy, initiation, lithurgy and divination

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefan Festini Cucco

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Trance as a ritualized modified state of consciousness plays a key role in many moments of religious life in afro-brasilian cults. It is the main means of interaction, communication and the exchange of vital energy axé between devotees, gods and ghosts. As such it characterizes the cults’ liturgy, initiatory rituals, therapeutic methods and divination techniques, which can hardly be considered solely if the aim is a holistic understanding of the structure of trance. By following the analytical model of Antonio L. Palmisano (2013, the author begins with a short examination of the three major paradigms of trance institutionalization – vision, possession and ecstasy – and proceeds with the analysis of trance-structure in the afro-brasilian context. Based on personal ethnographic data collected during a fieldwork of several months in Rio de Janeiro, the essay displays the emic perspective in a descriptive way. By doing so the reader should get a good insight in the cults’ life and their utilization of trance in ritual activities.

  8. Influence of Age Hardening Parameters on the Microstructure and Properties of the AlSi7Mg Sand Cast Alloy / Wpływ Parametrów Utwardzania Wydzieleniowego Na Strukturę I W Łaściwości Stopu Alsi7mg

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Poloczek Ł.

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Aluminium alloys are characterized by a low density, acceptable mechanical properties and good technological properties. This unique connection of features made aluminium alloys perfect structural material for the transportation industry. Also, due to their good electrical conductivity they also found application in energy production industry. High mechanical properties and electrical conductivity of the Al-Si alloys with Mg addition may be achieved by heat treatment. However, the highest mechanical properties are achieved in the early stages of age hardening - due to precipitation of coherent phases, while high electrical conductivity may be achieved only by prolonged aging, during precipitation of semi-coherent or fully noncoherent, coarse phases. Carefully heat treated AlSi7Mg alloy may exhibit both fairly high electrical conductivity and slightly increased mechanical properties. The following article present results of the research of influence of heat treatment on the properties and microstructure of sand cast AlSi7Mg alloy. Microstructure observations were performed using light microscopy, scanning electron and scanning-transmission electron microscopy. Hardness and electrical conductivity of the AlSi7Mg alloy were investigated both in as-cast condition and after heat treatment. Maximum hardness of the alloy is achieved after solutioning at 540°C for 8h, followed by 72h of aging at 150°C, while maximal electrical conductivity after solutioning at 540°C for 48h, followed by 96h of aging at 180°C. Increase of the electrical conductivity is attributed to increasing distance between Si crystals and precipitation of semi coherent phases.

  9. Evaluation of Corrosion Resistance of Nanotubular Oxide Layers on the Ti13Zr13Nb Alloy in Physiological Saline Solution / Ocena Odporności Korozyjnej Nanotubularnych Struktur Tlenkowych Na Stopie Ti13Zr13Nb W Środowisku Płynów Ustrojowych”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Smołka A.

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Evaluation of corrosion resistance of the self-organized nanotubular oxide layers on the Ti13Zr13Nb alloy, has been carried out in 0.9% NaCl solution at the temperature of 37ºC. Anodization process of the tested alloy was conducted in a solution of 1M (NH42SO4 with the addition of 1 wt.% NH4F. The self-organized nanotubular oxide layers were obtained at the voltage of 20 V for the anodization time of 120 min. Investigations of surface morphology by scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM revealed that as a result of the anodization under proposed conditions, the single-walled nanotubes (SWNTs can be formed of diameters that range from 10 to 32 nm. Corrosion resistance studies of the obtained nanotubular oxide layers and pure Ti13Zr13Nb alloy were carried out using open circuit potential, anodic polarization curves, and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS methods. It was found that surface modification by electrochemical formation of the selforganized nanotubular oxide layers increases the corrosion resistance of the Ti13Zr13Nb alloy in comparison with pure alloy.

  10. Influence of mass measurements at FSR-ESR on r-process calculations. Report on the work performed under contract '4500047689 / 23.09.2004' in the frame of the HGF Virtual Institute VH VI-061 'Struktur der Kerne und Astrophysik (VISTARS)'

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pfeiffer, B.

    2006-07-15

    The aim of the study is to examine the influence of direct mass measurements performed at the FRS-ESR of the GSI on the calculations of isotopic abundances in the astrophysical r-process. In addition, persepectives for measurements with the future Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research FAIR are shown. (orig.)

  11. Structural and Thermal Analysis of Automotive Disc Brake Rotor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Belhocine Ali

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Głównym celem pracy jest analiza zjawisk termomechanicznych w obszarze suchego styku pomiedzy tarcza hamulca a klockiem ciernym wystepujacych w fazie hamowania. Strategia symulacji jest oparta na oprogramowaniu ANSYS11. Wyniki modelowania stanów przejsciowych temperatury w tarczy hamulca wykorzystano do identyfikacji geometrycznych współczynników projektowych, uzytych do instalacji systemu wentylacji. Sprzezona analiza strukturalno-termiczna jest nastepnie uzyta do wyznaczenia deformacji tarczy, naprezenia Von Misses’a, oraz rozkładu cisnienia kontaktowego w klockach ciernych. Wyniki analizy wykazuja zadowalajaca zgodnosc z podobnymi podawanymi w literaturze.

  12. Army Science Conference Proceedings Held in Orlando, Florida on June 22 - 25, 1992. Volume 2, Principal Authors H Through M.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-06-25

    A. See Cooke, P. W. I 291 Evans, Timothy D. See Hansen, John V.E. II 1 Ezzell , John W. See Friedlander, Arthur I 445 Fazi, C. Observation of rf...Network (ALVINN) has demonstrated ARF at speeds up to 104KPH and distances over 20 miles per segment. ALVINN follows defined road edges using a neural...just north of the Kwajalein Atoll, over 5000 miles away. The target launch was monitored and tracked by radars at Vandenburg much in the same way as

  13. Plodnost i veličina legla kod europske srne (capreolus capreolus, L.) u šumi Haljevo

    OpenAIRE

    Nikolandić, Đuro; Degmečić, Dražen

    2007-01-01

    U razdoblju od 1968. do 1972. godine vršena su ekološka istraživanja srna u šumama Baranje. Iz toga doba jednim projektom istraživanja postavljen je cilj ustanoviti plodnost populacije srna u šumi Haljevo. Redovito parenje srna počinjalo je u drugoj polovici srpnja a završavalo oko sredine kolovoza. Zametak (embrij) oplođenih srna je zbog postojanja embriotenije u fazi mirovanja, odnosno zbog neprimjetne diobe stanica zametka, sve do kraja prosinca, prostim okom čovjeka nije primjetan. Iz tog...

  14. Fenomena Pragmatis Dalam Al-qur’an (Kajian Atas Bentuk Imperatif pada Surah Al-Nur

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moh Mukhlas

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Meskipun secara bentuk ungkapan sudah dianggap selesai, Al-Qur’an masih bersifat terbuka terhadap interpretasi beragam yang sesuai dengan konteksnya, salah satunya adalah dengan mengkaji secara pragmatis. Pragmatik merupakan salah satu disiplin ilmu bahasa yang memfokuskan kajiannya pada makna yang tidak terlepas dari konteks. Pragmatik juga merupakan kajian dari hubungan antara bahasa dan konteks yang mendasari penjelasan pengertian. Mengingat setiap huruf, kata, bahkan alenia yang ada dalam Al-Qur’an sarat dengan makna, maka kajian fenomena pragmatis di dalam Al-Qur’an perlu dilakukan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan dan menjelaskan fenomena pragmatis dalam Al-Qur’an yang difokuskan pada kajian imperatif pada surah al-Nur. Secara khusus, penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan dan menjelaskan (1 struktur imperatif, (2 makna bentuk imperatif, dan (3 faktor yang melatarbelakangi bentuk imperatif dalam surah al-Nur. Untuk menjawab permasalahan di atas, penelitian ini menggunakan jenis penelitian kualitatif. Datanya berupa paparan teks yang diambil dari surah al-Nur. Data dikumpulkan dengan teknik dokumentasi dengan berpedoman pada keabsahan dokumentasi yang berfungsi sebagai instrumen penelitian. Sedangkan analisis data yang digunakan adalah analisis data model alir yang diadopsi dari Milles dan Huberman yang memiliki beberapa langkah kegiatan yang terjadi secara bersamaan, yakni (a pengumpulan data, (b reduksi data, (c penyajian data, dan (d penyimpulan/verifikasi. Dari analisis data ditemukan bahwa: (1 bentuk imperatif tidak selalu menggunakan struktur imperative verb (fi’il amar, tetapi juga menggunakan struktur fi’il mudhari’ yang dijazamkan dengan lam amar, struktur kalimat deklaratif, dan struktur fi’il nahyi (negative imperative; (2 bentuk imperatif yang menggunakan struktur fi’il amar dan fi’il nahyi memiliki makna lokusi yang menyatakan suatu keharusan, baik keharusan melaksanakan atau

  15. Presentation of the results for deuterium retention and thermal release in a new type of low activation ferritic-martensitic steel EUROFER / Результаты исследования по удержанию дейтерия и термической десорбции в условиях низкой активации ферритно-мартенситной стали EUROFER / Rezultati zadržavanja i termalne desorpcije deuterijuma u EUROFER-u, novoj vrsti feritno-martenzitnog čelika niske aktivacije

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sanja Lj. Korica

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available This work presents the results of the investigation into deuterium retention and thermal release in low activation ferritic-martensitic steel EUROFER and its main components, Fe and Cr, using ion implantation, nuclear reaction depth profiling and the thermal desorption spectrometry technique. The samples were exposed to deuterium ECR plasma of 6.5*1024 Dm-2 fluence. Our NRA results show that, at 300 K, most of deuterium is trapped in the near-surface region. A part of the implanted deuterium diffuses into the bulk and is trapped by defects beyond the implantation range. The results of the TDS measurement of the Cr sample confirm the formation of an ordered Cr-hydride phase. / В данной статье приведены результаты исследований по удержанию и термической десорбции дейтерия в железе, хроме и сплаве EOROFER – представляющем новейший материал для фузионного (термоядерного реактора. Исследования показали следующие результаты: *Удержание дейтерия в хроме намного выше, чем в железе (из-за образования гибридов хрома *Удержание дейтерия в сплаве EUROFER выше на фактор 2, чем в железе *Выявлена специфиеская структура в концентрационном профиле железа и сплава EUROFER на глубине ~ 4 μm *Высокий уровень диффузии и удержания дейтерия свидетельствует о потенциальном применении Au в качестве диффузионного барьера в фузионном (термоядерном реакторе. / U ovom radu ispitivano je zadržavanje i termalna desorpcija deuterijuma u gvožđu, hromu i EOROFER-u, leguri koja se razmatra kao najnoviji materijal za buduće fuzione reaktore. Studija je pokazala sledeće rezultate: zadržavanje deuterijuma u hromu je mnogo veće nego u gvožđu (usled formiranja hidrida hroma, zadržavanje deuterijuma u EUROFER-u je za faktor 2 veće nego u gvožđu, primećena je specifična struktura u koncentracionom profilu gvožđa i EUROFER-a na dubini ~ 4 μm, veliki stepen difuznosti i zadržavanja deuterijuma govore o potencijalnoj upotrebi Au kao difuzione barijere u fuzionom reaktoru.

  16. Penokohan Film Sawung Kampret Karya Dwi Koendoro (Dwi Koen Dalam Perspektif Strukturalisme

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dyah Gayatri Puspitasari

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Tulisan ini berisi  kajian penokohan film Sawung Kampret yang diadaptasi dari komik Le- genda Sawung Kampret. Kajian ini menarik karena dua hal. Pertama, komik dan film adaptasi- nya diciptakan dan disutradarai oleh orang yang sama, yakni Dwi Koendoro. Kedua, kajian film yang diadaptasi dari komik Indonesia merupakan yang pertama. Melalui pendekatan struktural Ferdinand de Saussure, kajian berpusat pada relasi berbagai elemen penokohan yang membentuk keutuhan struktur narasi film. Didapat beberapa temuan menarik dimana unsur kelucuan pada penokohan film Sawung Kampret direlasikan dengan sejarah, hingga mampu membentuk narasi asosiatif yang mengusung nasionalisme berdasar nilai kemanusiaan, kebe- ragaman etnis dan budaya. Fakta tersebut menunjukkan bahwa melalui film Sawung Kampret, Dwi Koendoro mampu menciptakan perspektif struktur baru dengan melakukan kritik terha- dap struktur lama. Pasangan berlawanan (binary opposition dalam sistem lama coba diperta- nyakan. Sebagai hasil akhir maka dapat disimpulkan bahwa film Sawung Kampret merupakan film parodi sejarah yang sarat akan muatan pesan moral dan nasionalisme.       Kata kunci: film, adaptasi, penokohan, struktur, relasi

  17. GENDER PERSPECTIVE IN THE NOVELS PADANG BULAN AND CINTA DI DALAM GELAS BY ANDREA HIRATA: A Study of Structure and Feminism Literary Criticism and Its Relevance as the Literature Reading Materials for High Schools

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tanita Liasna

    2017-02-01

    Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan struktur dan perspektif gender dalam dwilogi novel Padang Bulan dan Cinta di Dalam Gelas, serta mengetahui relevansi perspektif gender dalam dwilogi novel tersebut. Dalam melakukan penelitian ini dipergunakan dua teori, yaitu teori struktur dan kritik sastra feminisme yang berfokus pada perempuan sebagai pembaca. Teori struktural digunakan untuk menganalisis unsur-unsur intrinsik dalam dwilogi novel tersebut. Teori kritik sastra feminis digunakan untuk mengkaji perspektif gender dalam dwilogi novel tersebut. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode kualitatif deskriptif analisis. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa (1 struktur dalam dwilogi novel Padang Bulan dan Cinta di Dalam Gelas berupa tema, alur, tokoh dan penokohan, latar, sudut pandang, dan amanat, (2 perspektif gender yang muncul dalam dwilogi novel Padang Bulan dan Cinta di Dalam Gelas berupa kesetaraan gender dan ketidakadilan gender. Kesetaraan gender dalam novel Padang Bulan berupa akses, partisipasi, dan kontrol. Adapun ketidakadilan gender dalam novel Padang Bulan berupa marginalisasi terhadap perempuan, subordinasi terhadap perempuan, streotipe terhadap perempuan, kekerasan terhadap perempuan, dan beban kerja. (3 dwilogi novel Padang Bulan dan Cinta di Dalam Gelas sangat relevan dijadikan sebagai bahan bacaan sastra di SMA. Kata kunci: gender, struktur, feminisme

  18. Tritium and Autoradiography in Cell Biology; Tritium et Autoradiographie en Biologie Cellulaire; 0422 0440 0438 0414 ; El Tritio 0443 la Tecnica Autorradiografica en Citobiologia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Taylor, J. H. [Departments of Botany and Zoology, Columbia University, New York, NY (United States)

    1962-02-15

    ' vysohnut'. Posle obluchenija jemul'sija projavljaetsja eshhe v kontakte s biologicheskim obrazcom. Preparat - radioavtogramma - pri rassmotrenii cherez svetovoj mikroskop pokazyvaet kletochnye struktury i raspredelenie izotopov s razreshajushhej sposobnost'ju menee odnogo mikrona. Takim obrazom udalos' prosledit' cherez dva-tri delenija kletki raspredelenie mechennoj tritiem dezoksiribonuklei- novoj kisloty (DNK) otdel'nyh hromosom. Jeti issledovanija okazalis' vozmozh- nymi v rezul'tate podgotovki tritirovannogo timidina, kotoryj jaljaetsja ves'- ma podhodjashhim metjashhim veshhestvom dlja DNK i bystro istoshhaetsja pri udalenii kletki iz sredy, soderzhashhej mechenyj timidin. Jetot metod dal informaciju o mehanizme vosstanovlenija DNK, strukture i razmnozhenii hromosom, kinetike delenija kletki i sovsem nedavno o sheme i po- sledovatel'nosti vo vremeni razmnozhenija razlichnyh hromosom v odnom i tom zhe jadre i razlichnyh chastjah odnoj hromosomy. Vse izuchennye do sih por hromo- somy imejut dva funkcional'nyh podkomponenta DNK, kotorye rasprostranja- jutsja polukonservativnym obrazom vo vremja razmnozhenija. Jeti dva podkompo- nenta razlichny v opredelennom strukturnom smysle, chto ogranichivaet takoj tip obmena, kotoryj mozhet proishodit' mezhdu chetyr'mja podkomponentami razmno zhajushhejsja hromosomy. Sovremennye dannye o posledovatel'nosti vedut k gipoteze o tom, chto hromosomy razmnozhajutsja v gineticheski kontroliruemoj posledo- vatel'nosti. Vedutsja poiski novyh dannyh po shemam i mehanizmu kontrolja posledovatel'nosti vmeste s prochimi svjazannymi s jetim processami, kotorye zatragivajut sintez hromosomnyh proteinov i drugoj klass nukleinovyh kislot - ribonukleinovye kisloty. (author)

  19. Keandalan Menara Televisi Rangka Baja Akibat Beban Gempa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Indra Djati Sidi

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Perencanaan struktur menara telah bergeser dari konsep equal hazard menjadi konsep equal risk, dimana semua bangunan dirancang untuk mempunyai tingkat kegagalan atau risiko yang sama nilainya, dalam hal ini 1% dalam masa layan 50 tahun. Berkembangnya konsep ini disebabkan bahwa struktur menara televisi yang dirancang dengan konsep equal hazard ternyata mempunyai tingkat risiko yg tidak sama yang disebabkan oleh variabilitas dari tahanan menara terhadap gempa. Variabilitas kapasitas menara terhadap gaya gempa dipengaruhi oleh variasi gaya gempa yang bekerja yang dikenal sebagai record to record variation. Dalam makalah ini disampaikan model probabilitas untuk menghitung tingkat keandalan menara terhadap gaya gempa, dengan mengkombinasikan kurva hazard dan kurva fragilitas struktur menara. Kapasitas menara atau kurva fragilitas didapatkan dengan mencari peak ground acceleration (PGA collapse dari menara dengan menggunakan incremental nonlinear time history analysis dari 40 pasang data time history. Reliability atau keandalan menara diperoleh dengan memanfaatkan total probability theorem yaitu dengan melakukan proses risk integral antara kurva hazard dan kurva fragilitas.

  20. Pengaruh Suhu Pembakaran terhadap Karakteristik Listrik Keramik Film Tebal Berbasis Fe2O3–MnO–ZnO untuk Termistor NTC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Puspita Sari

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Pembuatan keramik film tebal berbasis Fe2O3–MnO–ZnO untuk termistor NTC dari campuran Fe2O3 50% mol, MnO 25% mol, dan ZnO 25% mol telah dilakukan. Campuran serbuk Fe2O3, MnO dan ZnO yang telah digerus dicampurkan dengan organic vehicle (OV untuk membentuk pasta. Kemudian pasta dilapiskan di atas substrat alumina menggunakan teknik screen printing untuk membentuk film tebal. Film tebal mentah yang diperoleh, dibakar pada suhu yang berbeda yaitu 1000°C, 1100°C, dan 1200°C selama 2 jam. Sebelum dilakukan pengukuran resistansi, film tebal dilapisi perak terlebih dahulu sebagai kontak logam. Resistansi termistor diukur pada suhu 40°C–200 oC dengan beda suhu sebesar 5 oC. Analisis struktur kristal dan struktur mikro film tebal masing – masing dilakukan dengan menggunakan X – Ray Diffraction (XRD dan Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM. Hasil analisis karakteristik listrik termistor yang dibakar pada suhu 1000 °C, 1100 °C, dan 1200 °C menghasilkan konstanta termistor berturut – turut sebesar 7700 K, 6995 K, dan 5701 K. Ketiga suhu pembakaran menghasilkan nilai konstanta termistor yang memenuhi kebutuhan pasar. Analisis struktur kristal menggunakan XRD menunjukkan bahwa keramik film tebal memiliki dua struktur yaitu struktur spinel kubik dan hematit heksagonal. Analisis struktur mikro menggunakan SEM menunjukkan bertambahnya ukuran butir sesuai dengan meningkatnya suhu pembakaran dengan ukuran butir film tebal yang dibakar pada suhu 1000 °C, 1100 °C, dan 1200 °C berturut – turut adalah 1.3 μm, 2.0 μm, dan 2.4 μm.

  1. Linking expression of fructan active enzymes, cell wall invertases and sucrose transporters with fructan profiles in growing taproot of chicory (Cichorium intybus: Impact of hormonal and environmental cues

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hongbin Wei

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available In chicory taproot, the inulin-type fructans serve as carbohydrate reserve. Inulin metabolism is mediated by fructan active enzymes (FAZYs: sucrose:sucrose 1-fructosyltransferase (1-SST; fructan synthesis, fructan:fructan-1-fructosyltransferase (1-FFT; fructan synthesis and degradation, and fructan 1-exohydrolases (1-FEH1/2a/2b; fructan degradation. In developing taproot, fructan synthesis is affected by source-to-sink sucrose transport and sink unloading. In the present study, expression of FAZYs, sucrose transporter and CWI isoforms, vacuolar invertase and sucrose synthase was determined in leaf blade, petiole and taproot of young chicory plants (taproot diameter: 2cm and compared with taproot fructan profiles for the following scenarios: i N-starvation, ii abscisic acid (ABA treatment, iii ethylene treatment (via 1-aminoyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid [ACC], and iv cold treatment. Both N-starvation and ABA treatment induced an increase in taproot oligofructans. However, while under N-starvation this increase reflected de novo synthesis, under ABA treatment gene expression profiles indicated a role for both de novo synthesis and degradation of long-chain fructans. Conversely, under ACC and cold treatment oligofructans slightly decreased, correlating with reduced expression of 1-SST and 1-FFT and increased expression of FEHs and VI. Distinct SUT and CWI expression profiles were observed, indicating a functional alignment of SUT and CWI expression with taproot fructan metabolism under different source-sink scenarios.

  2. Prediction of trodimensional structure and characterisation of active sites of selected beta-galaktosidases

    OpenAIRE

    Vukić, Vladimir

    2015-01-01

    Proteini imaju osnovnu ulogu u  životnim procesima, usled čega je isptivanje raznovrsnosti njihove strukture jedna od ključnih potreba modernih bioloških istraživanja. Cilj ove doktorske disertacije je predviđanje trodimenzionalne strukture beta-galaktozidaza odabranih bakterijskih sojeva (Streptococcus thermophillus,  Lactobacillus acidophilus,  i Bifidobacterium animalis  ssp.  lactis) kao i karakterizacija  njihovih aktivnih mesta i određivanje aktivnih rezdua. Takođe, cilj disertacije obu...

  3. Arktisk Reform i Ukraines Skygge

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rahbek-Clemmensen, Jon

    2015-01-01

    USA overtager formandskabet for Arktisk Råd ved udenrigsministermødet d. 24.-25. april 2015. Der er behov for nødvendige reformer af Rådets struktur, men Ukraine-konflikten gør det vanskeligt at nå de ambitiøse mål.......USA overtager formandskabet for Arktisk Råd ved udenrigsministermødet d. 24.-25. april 2015. Der er behov for nødvendige reformer af Rådets struktur, men Ukraine-konflikten gør det vanskeligt at nå de ambitiøse mål....

  4. AutoCAD

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Henrik

    1998-01-01

    I 1998 var AutoCAD Arkitektskolens basale CAD-tilbud til de studerende. Kursets vægt ligger på konstruktion og strukturering af 3d-modeller og med udgangspunkt i dette, 2d-tegning. Kurset er opbygget over CAD Clasic skabelonen (se min forskning). Kompendiet kan bruges til selvstudium.......I 1998 var AutoCAD Arkitektskolens basale CAD-tilbud til de studerende. Kursets vægt ligger på konstruktion og strukturering af 3d-modeller og med udgangspunkt i dette, 2d-tegning. Kurset er opbygget over CAD Clasic skabelonen (se min forskning). Kompendiet kan bruges til selvstudium....

  5. Moessbauer-spectroscopic study of structure and magnetism of the exchange-coupled layer systems Fe/FeSn{sub 2}, and Fe/FeSi/Si and the ion-implanted diluted magnetic semiconductor SiC(Fe); Moessbauerspektroskopische Untersuchung von Struktur und Magnetismus der austauschgekoppelten Schichtsysteme Fe/FeSn{sub 2} und Fe/FeSi/Si und des ionenimplantierten verduennten magnetischen Halbleiters SiC(Fe)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stromberg, Frank

    2009-07-07

    In line with this work the structural and magnetic properties of the exchange coupled layered systems Fe/FeSn{sub 2} and Fe/FeSi/Si and of the Fe ion implanted diluted magnetic semiconductor (DMS) SiC(Fe) were investigated. The main measuring method was the isotope selective {sup 57}Fe conversion electron Moessbauer spectroscopy (CEMS), mostly in connection with the {sup 57}Fe tracer layer technique, in a temperature range from 4.2 K to 340 K. Further measurement techniques were X-ray diffraction (XRD), electron diffraction (LEED, RHEED), SQUID magnetometry and FMR (Ferromagnetic Resonance). In the first part of this work the properties of thin AF FeSn{sub 2}(001) films and of the exchange-bias system Fe/FeSn{sub 2}(001) on InSb(001) were investigated. With the application of {sup 57}Fe-tracer layers and CEMS both the Fe-spin structure and the temperature dependence of the magnetic hyperfine field (B{sub hf}) of FeSn{sub 2} could be examined. The evaporation of Fe films on the FeSn{sub 2} films produced in the latter ones a high perpendicular spin component at the Fe/FeSn{sub 2} interface. In some distance from the interface the Fe spins rotate back into the sample plane. Furthermore {sup 57}Fe-CEMS provided a correlation between the absolute value of the exchange field vertical stroke He vertical stroke and the amount of magnetic defects within the FeSn{sub 2}. Temperature dependent CEMS-measurements yielded informations about the spin dynamics within the AF. The transition temperatures T{sub B}{sup *}, which were interpreted as superparamagnetic blocking temperatures, obtain higher values compared to the temperatures T{sub B} of the exchange-bias effect, obtained with magnetometry measurements. The second part of this work deals with the indirect exchange coupling within Fe/FeSi/Si/FeSi/Fe multilayers and FeSi diffusion barriers. The goal was to achieve Fe free Si interlayers. The CEMS results show that starting from a thickness of t{sub FeSi}=10-12 A of the ''lower'' FeSi layers the interdiffusion of Fe is inhibited. For thicker FeSi layers (t{sub FeSi} {approx} 20 A) the formation of the metastable defective c-FeSi phase was detected. For the first time an oscillating antiferromagnetic exchange coupling between the Fe layers with a period of {approx} 6 Aas a function of the FeSi thickness. In the third part of this work we attempted to produce a diluted magnetic semiconductor by ion implantation of {sup 57}Fe into SiC(0001) wafer. For doses {>=} 2 x 10{sup 16} ions cm{sup -2} and after thermal annealing superparamagnetic Fe{sub 3}Si nanoclusters were found with CEMS, XRD and TEM (Transmission Electron Microscopy), which were epitaxially embedded in the SiC matrix. Besides Fe{sub 3}Si no other phases were observed. For the lowest doses of 1 x 10{sup 16} ions cm{sup -2} the CEM spectra at 4.2 K gave evidence of ferromagnetism and the absence of nanoparticles. The upper limit under which there are no segregations of secondary phases was therefore limited to 1-3 at.% Fe. (orig.)

  6. The SAN-HVAC trades in Baden-Wuerttemberg. A structural and market analysis for the gas and water installer, central heating and ventilation, air-conditioning and plumber trade commissioned by the Trade Association Sanitary-Heating-Air-Conditioning Baden-Wuerttemberg. 2. rev. ed. Die Sanitaer-Heizung-Klima-Handwerke in Baden-Wuerttemberg. Eine Struktur- und Marktanalyse fuer das Gas- und Wasserinstallateur-, Zentralheizungs- und Lueftungsbauer- und Klempner-Handwerk im Auftrag des Fachverbandes Sanitaer-Heizung-Klima Baden Wuerttemberg

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hantsch, G; Heinen, E; Schulte, A

    1989-01-01

    This structural and market analysis of the sanitary-heating trades in Baden-Wuerttemberg first gives structural data about businesses, employees and turnover as well as business indicators and shows the staff structure. Then the market situation is discussed (construction activity, consumer behaviour, market estimation). Then details about business management follow. Here forms of enterprise, service sector, material management, time management and calculation, EDP-systems, cooperations, sources of information, investment, publicity, support by the trade association, and evaluation of the own situation are gone into. Then recommendations for a program of action of the trade association are given. They apply to market information, public relations work, cultivation of the image and joint advertising as well as to further education, management consultancy, interfactory comparative studies, and financing of professional work. Finally measures are recommended to the businesses (offered services, marketing, intercompany organisation, cost accounting/calculation, EDP-support, personnel management, special market, cooperation). In order to guarantee their future existance the SAN-HVAC trade has to intensify its effort to train up suitable qualified employees. (HWJ).

  7. Optimization of production and properties of the nanoscaled ferritic ODS-alloy 13Cr-1W-0,3Y{sub 2}O{sub 3}-0,3TiH{sub 2} and characterization of structure and property correlations; Eigenschaftsoptimierung der nanoskaligen ferritischen ODS-Legierung 13Cr-1W-0,3Y{sub 2}O{sub 3}-0,3TiH{sub 2}, metallkundliche Charakterisierung und Bestimmung von Struktur-Eigenschaftskorrelationen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eiselt, Charles Christopher

    2010-01-15

    Fusion power reactors next to renewable energy sources shall form an important basis for a future energy scenario avoiding damaging emissions due to the lack of fossil primary energy carriers. An efficient operation of such reactors necessitate temperatures >700 C, which require new kinds of structural materials. Today only reduced activated oxide dispersion-strengthened (ODS-) materials based on iron, which have high strengths at elevated temperatures, offer the possibility to meet those criterias, which are developed in internationally coordinated programs. Therefore a nearly industrial production process based on the powdermetallurgical route is iteratively and systematically optimized to produce the ferritic ODS-alloy 13Cr-1W-0,3Y{sub 2}O{sub 3}-0,3TiH{sub 2}. Through TEM elemental analyses of mechanically alloyed steel powder it is confirmed, that the additives Y{sub 2}O{sub 3} and TiH{sub 2} dissolve completely in the powder and form the ODS-particles during the HIP-cycle. Detailed studies of powder contamination during mechanical alloying reveal correlations between the contamination behaviour of certain elements and the milling parameters. A specially designed procedure of powder encapsulation and sealing leads to a successful powder compaction to the ODS-material 13Cr-1W-0,3Y{sub 2}O{sub 3}-0,3TiH{sub 2}. Detailed TEM studies show a bimodal grain size distribution within the material at first. The alloy's recrystallization behaviour is the main reason for this phenomenon and is therefore discussed in detail. A high dispersion of ODS-particles as the decisive material's component with particle sizes von 3-5nm within grains and 12-36nm at the grain boundaries is successfully reached and verified by numerous TEM-Elemental Mappings. By applying hot rolling as an additional step during production a more even grain structure by equally maintaining the fine nanoskaled particle dispersion is set up. The microstructure is highly stable, since no grain- or ODS-particle coarsening occurs during short term heat treatments as well as long term (aging) experiments. The degree of decomposition and segregation phenomena at the ODS-particles is weaker than for ODS-Eurofer, even after the aging experiments. The alloy has high strength levels, which are comparable to similar alloys. The creep rupture strength is, especially at a temperature of T=750 C slightly higher compared to ODS-Eurofer, despite certain limitations caused by the production process. Furthermore it is shown, by executing fatigue tests at T=550 C, that the produced alloy doesn't have any significant material softening compared to the RAFM-steel Eurofer 97. Under certain assumptions a structure-property correlation between the material's microstructure and the experimentally obtained material's yield strength R{sub p0,2} is derived.

  8. Carbonate hydrates of the heavy alkali metals: preparation and structure of Rb{sub 2}CO{sub 3} . 1.5 H{sub 2}O und Cs{sub 2}CO{sub 3} . 3 H{sub 2}O; Carbonat-Hydrate der schweren Alkalimetalle: Darstellung und Struktur von Rb{sub 2}CO{sub 3} . 1,5 H{sub 2}O und Cs{sub 2}CO{sub 3} . 3 H{sub 2}O

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cirpus, V.; Wittrock, J.; Adam, A. [Koeln Univ. (Germany). Inst. fuer Anorganische Chemie

    2001-03-01

    Rb{sub 2}CO{sub 3} . 1.5 H{sub 2}O and Cs{sub 2}CO{sub 3} . 3 H{sub 2}O were prepared from aqueous solution and by means of the reaction of dialkylcarbonates with RbOH and CsOH resp. in hydrous alcoholes. Based on four-circle diffractometer data, the crystal structures were determined (Rb{sub 2}CO{sub 3} . 1.5 H{sub 2}O: C2/c (no. 15), Z = 8, a = 1237.7(2) pm, b = 1385.94(7) pm, c = 747.7(4) pm, {beta} = 120.133(8) , V{sub EZ} = 1109.3(6) . 10{sup 6} pm{sup 3}; Cs{sub 2}CO{sub 3} . 3 H{sub 2}O: P2/c (no. 13), Z = 2, a = 654.5(2) pm, b = 679.06(6) pm, c = 886.4(2) pm, {beta} = 90.708(14) , V{sub EZ} = 393.9(2) . 10{sup 6} pm{sup 3}). Rb{sub 2}CO{sub 3} . 1.5 H{sub 2}O is isostructural with K{sub 2}CO{sub 3} . 1.5 H{sub 2}O. In case of Cs{sub 2}CO{sub 3} . 3 H{sub 2}O no comparable structure is known. Both structures show {sub {infinity}}{sup 1}[(CO{sub 3}{sup 2-})(H{sub 2}O)]-chains, being connected via additional H{sub 2}O forming columns (Rb{sub 2}CO{sub 3} . 1.5 H{sub 2}O) and layers (Cs{sub 2}CO{sub 3} . 3 H{sub 2}O), respectively. (orig.)

  9. Skriftlige opgaver i sygeplejerskeuddannelsen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Glinsvad, Birte; Frederiksen, Kirsten

    2014-01-01

    Kapitlet tager fat i to af de væsentligste forhold, der kendetegner en god sygeplejefaglig opgave: argumentation og struktur. De illustreres gennem et eksempel på en type opgave, som studerende typisk vil møde i starten af uddannelsen. Kapitlet afsluttes med Stephen Toulmins argumentationsmodels...... argumenter i projektet og projektet set som ét overordnet argument....

  10. Leg og læring

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Annette

    2008-01-01

    Leg synes at have et potentiale som metode til at fremme læring. Men hvordan? Legen har en vis grad af parallelitet med den virkelige verden i dens interaktive og relationelle strukturer. Det bliver muligt at finde nye meninger i interaktioner, som refererer til vante interaktionsformer, men...

  11. PENGARUH VARIASI SUHU POST WELD HEAT TREATMENT ANNEALING TERHADAP SIFAT MEKANIS MATERIAL BAJA EMS-45 DENGAN METODE PENGELASAN SHIELDED METAL ARC WELDING (SMAW

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rusiyanto Rusiyanto

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan Untuk mengetahui nilai kekerasan Vickers material Baja EMS-45 sebelum proses pengelasan dan setelah dilakukan proses pengelasan tanpa post weld heat treatment annealing, Untuk mengetahui berapakah suhu optimal post weld heat treatment annealing untuk material baja EMS-45 dengan variasi suhu yang digunakan 350 o C, 550 o C, dan 750 C. Untuk mengetahui struktur mikro dari material baja EMS-45 akibat variasi suhu post weld heat treatment annealing pada proses pengelasan dengan menggunakan metode pengelasan shielded metal arc welding. Bahan atau material dasar yang digunakan pada penelitian ini adalah Baja EMS-45 dengan ketebalan pelat 10 mm, lebar pelat 20 mm dan panjang 100 mm. Berdasarkan hasil pengujian nilai kekerasan tertinggi setelah proses pengelasan terletak pada daerah Logam Las. Pengelasan non PWHT memiliki nilai kekerasan paling tinggi setelah proses pengelasan yaitu sebesar 183,2 VHN. Suhu optimal Post Weld Heat Treatment Annealing untuk material baja EMS-45 adalah pada suhu 750 C. Karena pada PWHT pada suhu tersebut mengalami penurunan kekerasan yang besar yaitu sebesar 127,2 VHN, sehingga material baja EMS-45 dapat memperbaiki sifat mampu mesinnya. Struktur mikro dari material baja EMS-45 sebelum proses pengelasan berupa grafit serpih, perlit dan ferit, setelah dilakukan proses pengelasan mempunyai struktur mikro berupa matrik ferit dan grafit pada daerah logam las, matrik perlit kasar dan grafit serpih pada daerah HAZ dan struktur perlit, grafit serpih dan ferit pada daerah logam induk o o

  12. Portfolio i et lærings- og uddannelsesperspektiv

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    adjunktpædagogikum og underviserkvalificeringsforløb ved andre uddannelser. Af Lone Krogh Indførelse af portfolio som pædagogisk redskab og som struktur for dokumentation af kompetence i kandidatuddannelse - potentialer og udfordringer. Af Annette Lorentsen og Birthe Lund. Et organisatorisk perspektiv på portfolio...

  13. Nyere budgetlægningstendenser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sandalgaard, Niels

    anekdotiske plan kan det observeres, at nogle virksomheder tilsyneladende har succes med at styre uden budgetter, mens andre virksomheder indenfor samme branche har succes med at anvende budgetter. Da afhandlingen ikke giver anledning til at konkludere, at omverden, størrelse eller struktur er bestemmende for...

  14. Interaktion i ph.d.-vejledning – et kvalitativt studie af en vejledningssession med flere vejledere

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kobayashi, Sofie

    positioneringsteori ses en samtale som en tri-polar struktur af tale-handlinger, storylines, og positionering. Positionering sker når individet tilskriver andre eller selv påtager sig pligter og rettigheder, som de aktuelle diskursive praksisser muliggør. Storylines er den personlige brug af de diskursive praksisser...

  15. Dhenggung Asmarandana dan Dhegung Banten: Sebuah Komparasi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teguh -

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The Comparation of Dhenggung Asmarandana and Dhegung Banten. Penelitian ini membahas perbandinganantara gending Dhenggung Asmaradana gaya Surakarta dengan gending Dhegung Banten gaya Yogyakarta.Berdasarkan penelitian dapat disimpulkan bahwa kedua gending memiliki persamaan dan perbedaan. Persamaankeduanya terletak pada laras, pathet, bentuk gendhing, struktur gendhing, serta balungan gending. Sedangkanperbedaannya hanya pada nama dan garap tabuhan bonang.

  16. The water framework directive - a directive for the twenty-first century?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Josefsson, Henrik; Baaner, Lasse

    2011-01-01

    Denne artikel omhandler vandrammedirektivet og den retlige norm "god økologisk tilstand", som henviser til strukturen og funktionaliteten af økosystemer. Begreberne god struktur og funktionalitet afspejler et robust økosystem med et højt niveau af adaptiv kapacitet. De retlige bestemmelser i vand...

  17. The "Special" World: Stalin's Power Apparatus and the Soviet System's Secret Structures of Communication"

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Villaume, Poul

    2009-01-01

    Bogomtale - aspekter af Niels Erik Rosenfeldts store disputats om Stalin-tidens hemmelige magt- og kommunikationsapparat diskuteres. Bogen fokuserer på systemets struktur, anatomi, procedurer og beslutningsprocesser, men sociologisk bureaukrati-teori kunne med fordel være anvendt. Værket vil være...

  18. Hvad er din virksomheds Nash-equilibrium?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hendricks, Vincent F.

    2006-01-01

    Wargames fra 1983 med Matthew Broderick og Ally Sheedy i hovedrollerne. Forskellige ”populærkulturelle” game-shows har også elementer af spilteori i deres grundlæggende struktur, herunder Friend or Foe, Survivor og de danske plagiater som Robinson Ekspeditionen, Big Brother, og hvad de andre simulerede...

  19. Regulations for the maintenance division of the RA reactor, Annex 6; Prilog 6 - Pravilnik poslovanja Odelenja odrzavanja i remonta reaktora RA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Badrljica, R [Reaktor RA, Odelenje odrzavanja, Institute of Nuclear Sciences Boris Kidric, Vinca, Beograd (Serbia and Montenegro)

    1965-12-15

    The regulations for the Division of reactor maintenance include the organizational scheme, tasks of the Division, and operation procedures for all the staff members. [Serbo-Croat] Pravilnik o radu Odelenja za odrzavanje reaktora RA sadrzi opis organizacione strukture sluzbe, zadataka Odelenja, organizacije rada, nacin poslovanja za sve saradnike Odelenja.

  20. International fusion og spaltning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Lone L.

    Bogen analyserer de nye muligheder fra 2007 i europæisk ret med hensyn til fusion eller spaltning mellem aktieselskaber og anpartsselskaber med hjemsted i forskellige europæiske lande. Bogen gennemgår de nye muligheder for strukturændringer, der herved er opstået mulighed for, og den sætter fokus...

  1. Simple photolithographic rapid prototyping of microfluidic chips

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kunstmann-Olsen, Casper; Hoyland, James; Rubahn, Horst-Günter

    2012-01-01

    Vi præsenterer en simpel metode til at producere støbeforme til støbning af PDMS mikrofluide chips vha. fotolitografi, med 35mm fotonegativer som masker. Vi demonstrer metodens muligheder og begrænsninger. Vi har optimeret processen til at fremstille planare lab-on-a-chip strukturer med meget høj...

  2. Die italienische Opernsinfonia 1680-1710

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Geertinger, Axel Teich

    Afhandlingen undersøger italienske operaers instrumentale indledning (sinfonia) i årtierne omkring 1700 - netop den periode i hvilken sinfoniaen antager den tredelte (eller tresatsede) struktur, der bliver normen for det tidlige 18. århundredes sinfonia og får betydning for bl.a. den senere symfo...

  3. KAROTENOID PADA ALGAE: KAJIAN TENTANG BIOSINTESIS, DISTRIBUSI SERTA FUNGSI KAROTENOID

    OpenAIRE

    Merdekawati, Windu; Karwur, Ferry F.; Susanto, A. B.

    2017-01-01

    ABSTRAK   Karotenoid terdistribusi pada archaea, bakteri, jamur, tumbuhan, hewan serta algae. Karotenoid dihasilkan dari komponen isopentenyl pyrophosphate (IPP) yang mengalami proses secara bertahap untuk membentuk beragam jenis karotenoid. Terdapat dua kelompok karotenoid yaitu karoten dan xantofil dengan berbagai jenis turunannya. Struktur kimia pada karotenoid algae yaitu allene, acetylene serta acetylated carotenoids. Algae mempunyai karotenoid spesifik yang menarik untuk dipe...

  4. 1,5-Anhydro-D-fructose: Structure, characterisation and derivatives

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Søren Møller

    For nylig har Danisco Biotechnology opdaget og isoleret et enzym fra en rødalge, der kan nedbryde stivelse til 1,5-anhydro-D-fruktose (AF), et kulhydrat med en usædvanlig struktur. Da det nye enzym, -1,4-glucan lyase, således kan producere et simpelt chiralt organisk molekyle billigt og let, var...

  5. Selvets udvikling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    I bogen redegør Csikszentmihalyi for sin forståelse af den menneskelige psyke med dens på én gang ekstremt avancerede bebvidsthed, indviklede emotionelle strukturer og primitive urdrifter. Han fremlægger og diskuterer den ufatteligt lange evolutionære, historiske og samfundsmæssige udvikling, der...

  6. Vandmiljøplanen: Fra forhandling til symbol

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Mikael Skou; Wendelboe Hansen, Michael

    Udgangspunktet er en analyse af forløbet af Vandmiljøplanens tilblivelsesproces 1987. Fortolkningsrammen er en bred gengivelse af ændringerne i det politiske og administrative system i firserne fra forhandlingspolitik/korporative og stabile strukturer til løsere netværk/opsplittede beslutningsfor...

  7. Egoizam i altruizam

    OpenAIRE

    Sadžakov, Slobodan

    2015-01-01

    U radu se tematiziraju problemi egoizma i altruizma, prije svega u kontekstu njihova etičkoga razmatranja. U okviru teksta nastoje se promisliti veze ovih dvaju fenomena s pojmovima moralne individualnosti, moralne dužnosti, modernog identiteta i strukture praktičkoga »svijeta«.

  8. precise relationship between the Canadians and the rest of the ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    'n Baie sterk en .goed gefundeerde organisasie strukture vir 'n weermag word vereis, dog dit moet ook uiters ... uiterstes. Skepe is kompleks en kan vir lang tye op see bly opereer, dog hulle moet van tyd tot tyd terugkeer na ... waarderings, veral tydens mobile operasies. Die rekenaar moet benut word deur bevelvoerders op.

  9. Refleksioner over multikulturalisme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Singla, Rashmi

    2006-01-01

    Rashmi Singla deler ud af sine indtryk fra deltagelsen i International Cross-cultural Psychology Congress, som blev afholdt i Grækenland i juli 2006 Med udgangspunktet i en kritisk omtale af konferencens hegemoniske struktur afspejlet af de key note speakers, fokuseres på de anderledes stemmer. Der...

  10. Category approach for selected brominated flame retardants

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wedebye, Eva Bay; Nikolov, Nikolai Georgiev; Nielsen, Elsa Ebbesen

    Formålet med dette projekt var at undersøge muligheden for at gruppere bromerede flammehæmmere. 67 bromerede flammehæmmere blev inkluderet i undersøgelsen og grupperet på baggrund af deres kemiske strukturer, hvilket resulterede i 15 præliminære strukturelle grupper og 7 stoffer kategoriseret som...

  11. Modelling Zinc Oxide for Nanoscale Applications

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fisker, Christian

    I denne Ph.D. afhandling præsenteres bade teoretiske og eksperimentelle undersøgelser af zinkoxid (ZnO) nanostrukturer, med specielt fokus pa nanowires. Disse strukturer er interessante, da de for det frste er forholdsvis lette at fremstille og meget mekanisk stabile, og for det andet har elektro...

  12. Aggersborg i vikingetiden

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    vikingetiden. Hvor borgen blev anlagt, havde der før ligget en stor vikingetidsbebyggelse. De usædvanligt velbevarede rester af bygninger og de mange genstandsfund giver vigtige oplysninger om bebyggelsens fysiske og sociale struktur, udvikling og boligkultur samt om den materielle kultur. Bogen gør rede...

  13. Heterokuban-Cluster-Verbindungen (NEt.sub.4./sub.){Y=M[(ć.sub.3./sub.-S)Re(CO).sub.3./sub.].sub.3./sub.(ć.sub.3./sub.-E)} (M=W oder Mo, Y=O oder S, E=S oder Se): Strukturen, Spektroskopie und Elektrochemie

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Hornung, F. M.; Wanner, M.; Klinkhammer, K. W.; Kaim, W.; Fiedler, Jan

    2001-01-01

    Roč. 627, - (2001), s. 2430-2444 ISSN 0044-2313 R&D Projects: GA MŠk ME 439 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z4040901 Keywords : cluster compound * crystal strukture * thiometallate Subject RIV: CF - Physical ; Theoretical Chemistry Impact factor: 1.165, year: 2001

  14. Paradigmatic structure and reanalysis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Heltoft, Lars

    2010-01-01

    Paradigmatisk struktur er nødvendig både i grammatikken og i grammatikaliser-ingsteorien. Artiklens empiriske eksempel er udviklingen af bestemthed og bestemmerhelheder i skandinavisk, med yngre middeldansk som illustration. Udviklingen integrerer morfologiiske ændringer med ændringer i ledstilli...

  15. RTV-silikon sebagai Bahan Protesa Obturator Palatum

    OpenAIRE

    Chandrasegar, Akila

    2011-01-01

    Protesa Obturator palatum adalah protesa yang digunakan untuk menutup jaringan yang terbuka secara kongenital atau yang diperdapat, terutama bagian palatum keras atau lunak serta struktur alveolar yang berdekatan. Obturator palatum dapat diklasifikasikan berdasar pada tahap perawatannya yaitu obturator selama pembedahan (surgical obturator), obturator interim dan obturator definitif. Terdapat beberapa tipe obturator selain dari obturator palatum seperti obturator palato fari...

  16. Konsekvensanalyse af Kulturby 96

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fridberg, Torben; Koch-Nielsen, Inger

    1997-01-01

    Rapporten om Kulturby 96 indeholder en beskrivelse af kulturbyårets aktiviteter og responsen herpå fra publikum, turister, presse og samarbejdspartnere i øvrigt. Der redegøres for projektets organisatoriske struktur, herunder Kulturbysekretariatets organisation og rolle. Rapporten indeholder...

  17. Læreprocesser gennem struktureret refleksion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Engell, Christian; Hansen, Torben

    2009-01-01

    Udgangspunktet for "Læreprocesser Gennem strukturerede refleksion" er spørgsmålet om, hvordan strukturering af refleksion kan bidrage til at sikre (det nærmeste umulige) at eleverne lærer, det tilsigtede i (boldspil-)undervisningen. Forfatterne Christian Engell og Torben Hansen viser, hvordan beg...

  18. The Constraints on Strategy of an Organizational Structure

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eriksen, Bo

    2007-01-01

     Artiklen diskuterer relationen mellem organisationens struktur og dens evne til at formulere og realisere sine strategier. Hovedargumentet er skelner mellem exploration og exploitation strategier og det anføres at der er en indbygget konflikt mellem disse. Fleksible (ambidextrous) organisationer...

  19. Strategic Planning and Firm Performance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eriksen, Bo

    2008-01-01

    Dette kapitel undersøger relationen mellem strategisk planlægning og organisatorisk struktur og dennes betydning for performance. Kapitlet bidrager med en empirisk analyse med modereret regression i en undersøgelse af 250 danske virksomheder....

  20. El contenido semántico de una estructura sintáctica

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Kjær

    2000-01-01

    Undersøgelse af verber som amanecer, tronar, nevar etc. der normalt ikke tillader subjekter og heller ikke optræder i konstruktioner med det refleksive pronomen 'se'. Alligevel forekommer sætningen "se amanece". De syntaktiske og semantiske problemer i forbindelse med strukturer som "se vive bien...

  1. Decay Dynamics of Quantum Dots in Nanophotonic Structures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johansen, Jeppe

    2008-01-01

    Denne afhandling beskriver tidsopløste optiske målinger af spontan emission fra selvdannede kvantepunkter indlejret i nanofotoniske strukturer. Afhandling fokuserer i særlig grad på at opnå forståelse af den spontane emissions henfaldsdynamik. Kvantepunkternes fundamentale egenskaber, d.v.s. dere...

  2. Attachment of Late Adolescent to Mother, Father, and Peer, with Family Structure as Moderating Variable and their Relationships with Self-esteem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    - Laumi

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Harga diri diidentifikasikan sebagai parameter psikologi penting bagi perkembangan remaja. Sejumlah penelitian mendapatkan hasil-hasil yang tidak konsisten terhadap perkembangan harga diri remaja.. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mempertajam titik-titik temu dari penelitian-peneli¬tian sebelumnya terhadap kelekatan remaja kepada ibu, ayah, dan teman sebaya dengan struktur keluarga sebagai variabel moderator dan hubungannya dengan harga diri. Subjek penelitian adalah siswa-siswi kelas XI dan XII SMKN “X” dan SMKN “Y” di Yogyakarta. Tiga puluh tujuh subjek dari keluarga utuh dan 41 subjek dari keluarga dengan orangtua tunggal sebagai akibat perceraian atau perpisahan. Regresi ganda berjenjang dan Moderating Regression Analysis digunakan dalam menganalisa hubungan antara kelekatan dengan harga diri dengan mempertimbangkan struktur keluarga sebagai variabel moderator.Hasil penelitian menemukan bahwa kelekatan kepada ibu, ayah, dan teman sebaya secara signifikan memprediksi harga diri. Temuan dari penelitian ini menun¬juk¬kan bahwa kelekatan kepada ayah dan teman sebaya menjadi prediktor yang lebih kuat dibanding dengan kelekatan kepada ibu terhadap harga diri remaja. Analisis lebih lanjut menun¬juk¬kan bahwa struktur keluarga tidak mempengaruhi hubungan antara kelekatan kepada ibu dan ayah dengan harga diri. Hasil dari analisis tambahan dengan metode independent-sample t test menunjukkan hasil yang sama. Struktur keluarga tidak memengaruhi harga diri, demikian juga dengan gender. Sementara itu, hanya kelekatan kepada ayah yang berbeda secara signifikan antar kelompok subjek dari keluarga utuh dan tidak utuh. Kelekatan kepada ibu hanya sedikit berbeda antar kelompok subjek perempuan dan laki-laki. Kelompok subjek perempuan memiliki tingkat kelekatan kepada ibu yang sedikit lebih tinggi daripada kelompok subjek laki-laki. Kata kunci: harga diri, kelekatan, remaja, struktur keluarga

  3. DINAMIČKA SVOJSTVA PJEŠAČKOG MOSTA NA GRAĐEVINSKOM FAKULTETU U OSIJEKU

    OpenAIRE

    Markotić, Mladen

    2017-01-01

    U diplomskom radu analiziran je dinamički odziv pješačkog mosta na Građevinskom fakultetu Osijek uslijed različitih opterećenja pješaka. Za ukupnu ocjenu ponašanja pješačkog mosta provedena je eksperimentalna i numerička analiza pomoću računalnog programa. Dinamičko ispitivanje provedeno je u više faza ovisno o promatranom opterećenju. U prvoj fazi analizirana su ambijentalna ispitivanja, a u ostalim fazama, promatrano je ponašanje konstrukcije pješačkog mosta uslijed hodanja i skakanja pješa...

  4. Horizontalni aspekt ravnoteže snaga u međunarodnim odnosima

    OpenAIRE

    Popović, Petar

    2013-01-01

    Autor istražuje koncept ravnoteže snaga u međunarodnim odnosima, s osvrtom na realističku tradiciju (klasična i znanstvena faza) i njezino horizontalno shvaćanje ravnoteže snaga kao načela međunarodnog sustava samog po sebi. U prvom se dijelu obrađuje tzv. pesimistična faza (klasični realizam), koja je najviše kroz djelo H. J. Morgenthaua ravnotežu snaga u međunarodnim odnosima tumačila kao načelo samo po sebi u rukama politike moći. U drugom dijelu, u tzv. znanstvenoj fazi ...

  5. Effect ofSolvents on Curing Process of Photopolymerizable Ceramic Suspensions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Falkowski P.

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available W pracy przedstawiono wyniki badań nad wpływem rozpuszczalnika na właściwości ieologiczne i sposób przygotowania zawiesin ceramicznych. Pokazano, że w przypadku zastosowanej żywicy poliestrowej woda nie może być użyta do przygoto- wania światłoutwardzalnej zawiesiny ceramicznej. Jednakże stężona zawiesina ceramiczna może być otrzymana jeżeli woda zostanie zastąpiona glikolem polietylenowym. W ten sposób możliwe jest przygotowanie zawiesiny o stężeniu fazy stałym dochodzącym do 45-50%obj. i dobrej jednorodności oraz lepkości, pozwalającej na jej formowanie metodą odlewania cienkiej folii ceramicznej i utwardzenie promieniowaniem UV.

  6. Studi Geofisika Untuk Menentukan Batas Formasi Jampang dan Formasi Ciletuh di Kawasan Geopark Ciletuh

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cece Solihin

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Kawasan Ciletuh memiliki struktur geologi yang khas dan unik serta memiliki aneka ragam batuan yang tersebar. Pandangan umum dari ilmu kebumian kawasan ini sangat menarik untuk dipelajari karena geologi kawasan ini terbentuk tidak lepas dari aktivitas tektonik regional Jawa Barat. Studi geofisika sangat berguna dalam menganalisa struktur geologi bawah permukaan tanah di kawasan Ciletuh. Metode geofisika yang digunakan bertujuan untuk mengamati dan menganalisis struktur geologi batuan permukaan. Serta, tujuan utama dari penelitian ini untuk menentukan batas formasi Jampang dengan formasi Ciletuh. Penelitian ini digunakan pengambilan data dengan metode Geolistrik, Magnetik dan Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR di daerah Tamanjaya, kawasan Ciletuh dengan lintasan yang berbeda. Berdasarkan interpretasi geolistrik pada software Res2Dinv 2D diperoleh struktur bawah permukaan berupa lapisan batuan pasir. Pada hasil interpretasi metode GPR pola perambatan serta kecepatan rambat gelombang elektromagnetik untuk dua lintasan GPR memiliki perbedaan struktur batuan yaitu batuan pasir kasar, kerikil dan endapan. Sedangkan hasil interpretasi magnetik mengindikasi perbedaan struktur batuan dalam bawah permukaan berdasarkan anomali magnetik. Berdasarkan geologi regional formasi Jampang bawah didominasi oleh batuan pasir halus. Sedangkan formasi Ciletuh didominasi oleh batuan pasir kasar yang berumur lebih tua. Sehingga batas formasi Jampang dengan batas formasi Ciletuh dapat diperkirakan pada lintasan GPR dan Magnetik The Ciletuh region has a distinctive and unique geological structure and also has a various of rocks scattered. The general view of the geography of this region is very interesting to learn because the geology of this region formed can not be sparated from the regional tectonic activity of west java. Geophysical studies are very useful in analyzing the subsurface geological structures in the Ciletuh region. The geophysical methods used aims to observe

  7. IMPLIKASI KEWENANGAN DEWAN PENGAWAS SYARIAH TERHADAP SISTEM PENGAWASAN DI BANK ACEH SYARIAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hafiizh Maulana

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The supervisory authority of the Sharia Supervisory Board (DPS describes the role and response of DPS supervision system based on organizational structure. DPS positions of Bank Aceh Syariah are in parallel with the Board of Commissioners as authority staff. This study aims to find answers position and authority in the organizational structure and implication to supervision system in Bank Aceh Syariah. To obtain the answer, researchers used the descriptive analysis. Data collection methods used are field research through in-depth interviews, open questionnaire and literature through the conclusion of documentation legislation and organizational structure of Bank Syariah Aceh. DPS authority based on the organizational structure of Bank Syariah Aceh have two powers, as a staff and functional authority. Staff competencies associated with the position of the DPS as a giver of advice/ suggestions to the Board of Commissioners of Bank Aceh, while the functional authority related with the Division of Bank Aceh Syariah. The implication of DPS authority will influence with its performance on the activity /supervisory activities, frequency of meetings, and reporting systems. DPS Bank Syariah Aceh still running system indirect supervision based on the activity reporting and sharia opinion. =========================================== Kewenangan pengawasan Dewan Pengawas Syariah (DPS menggambarkan peran dan respon pengawasan DPS dalam sistem Pengawasan struktur organisasi. Bank Aceh Syariah menempatkan DPS setara dengan Dewan Komisaris dengan garis kewenangan staff. Permasalahan muncul ketika pengawasan DPS dari segi aktivitas dan sistem pengawasan tidak sesuai dengan aspek perundang-undangan dan gambaran dalam struktur organisasi. Penelitian ini bertujuan mencari jawaban persoalan pokok mengenai perangkat yuridis yang digunakan dalam pengawasan DPS, kedudukan dan kewenangan dalam struktur organisasi, dan sistem pengawasan dalam operasionalisasi bank Aceh

  8. ANALISIS NILAI – NILAI PENDIDIKAN KARAKTER PADA NOVEL SUTASOMA KARYA COK SAWITRI DAN RELEVANSINYA DENGAN PEMBELAJARAN BAHASA INDONESIA KELAS XII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sariasih Sariasih

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mendeskripsikan: (1 Nilai-nilai Penddikan Karakter Novel Sutasoma karya Cok Sawitri, (2 Struktur novel Sutasoma karya Cok Sawitri, dan (3 Relevansi nilai pendidikan karakter dalam Pembelajaran Bahasa Indonesia Kelas XII. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian kualitatif dengan menggunakan metode deskriptif  kualitatif. Pengumpulan data menggunakan metode dokumentasi dengan media kartu data. Analisis data dengan menggunakan  model  analisis kualitatif yang  yang memiliki tiga tahap: (a reduksi data, (b penyajian data, (c penarikan kesimpulan dan verifikasi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan hal berikut. Pertama, novel Sutasoma karya Cok Sawitri memuat nilai- nilai pendidikan karakter yaitu religius, jujur, toleransi, disiplin, kerja keras, kreatif, mandiri, demokratis, rasa ingin tahu, semangat kebangsaan, cinta tanah air, menghargai prestasi, bersahabat atau komunikatif, peduli lingkungan, peduli sosial. Kedua novel Sutasoma terdiri dari struktur dalam dan luar. Struktur dalam atau unsur intrinsik, yaitu tema, alur, latar, penokohan serta sudut pandang. Adapun simpulan penelitian ini yaitu : (1 Novel Sutasoma memuat 17 nilai-nilai pendidikan karakter, (2 Struktur novel sutasoma terdiri dari struktur dalam dan struktur luar, (3 Proses kreatif pengarang dalam menciptakan novel yang terinspirasi dari karya Empu Tantular dengan judul resmi Parusadha yang populer dengan nama Sutasoma. Dalam kisah novel Sutasoma karya Cok Sawitri ternyata ditemukan pula proses ajaran Mahayan Tantra, yang mengungkapkan jalan rahasia yoga tantra, dan bagaimana seorang raja menerapkan dharma agama, dharma negara tanpa mempehitungkan kebhinekaan. Alur pada novel Sutasoma karya Cok Sawitri  dengan nilai -nilai pendidi kan karakter yang terdapat di dalamnya dapat memberikan inspirasi bagi pembaca. Hal ini berarti ada nilai-nilai positif yang dapat diambil dan direalisasikan oleh pembaca dalam kehidupan sehari-hari. Nilai pendidikan karakter dalam

  9. The Role of Free-Radicals in the Radiation Vulcanizing of Elastomers; Role des radicaux libres dans la vulcanisation radiochimique des elastomeres; O roli svobodnykh radikalov v protsesse radiatsionnoj vulkanizatsii ehlastomerov; Papel de los radicales libres en la radiovulcanizacion de los elastomeros

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kuz' minskij, A. S.; Fedoseeva, T. E.; Chertkova, V. F.

    1963-11-15

    izlucheniya v poslednee vremya ispol'zuetsya dlya sozdaniya promyshlennykh protsessov vulkanizatsii rezinovykh izdelij. Issledovateli udelyayut dostatochno bol'shoe vnimanie voprosam mekhanizma obrazovaniya trekhmernoj setki pod dejstviem izlucheniya; odnako do sikh por nedostatochno izucheny nachal'nye i promezhutochnye stadii radiatsionno-khimicheskikh reaktsij, vedushchikh k zashivaniyu molekulyarnykh tsepej, kotorye svyazany s obrazovaniem i gibel'yu svobodnykh radikalov, ion-radikalov i vozbuzhdennykh molekul. Izuchenie struktury i svojstv ehtikh chastits stalo vozmozhnym tol'ko s razrabotkoj i shirokim ispol'zovaniem metoda ehlektronnogo paramagnitnogo rezonansa (EHPR), pozvolyayushchego poluchit' neposredstvennuyu informatsiyu o strukture i svojstvakh paramagnitnykh chastits. Issledovanie protsessov rekombinatsii svobodnykh radikalov v linejnykh polimerakh daet vozmozhnost' podojti neposredstvenno k mekhanizmu radiatsionnoj vulkanizatsii. V poslednee vremya poyavilas' tendentsiya ispol'zovat' ioniziruyushchee izluchenie dlya vulkanizatsii sernykh vulkanizatov, tak kak sochetanie sernykh i uglerodnykh poperechnykh svyazej daet maksimal'noe uluchshenie fiziko-mekhanicheskikh svojstv izdelij. V svyaz'i s ehtoj novoj problemoj predstavlyalo interes izuchenie kineticheskikh svojstv svobodnykh radikalov v polimerakh s razvitoj prostranstvennoj strukturoj. Podrobno isledovalis' protsessy rekombinatsii svobodnykh radikalov, poluchennykh u-oblucheniem, v svyazi so strukturnymi osobennostyami linejnykh i sshitykh polimerov, a imenno - orientatsiej i vnutrennej podvizhnost'yu molekulyarnykh tsepej. V vysokoehlasticheskikh polimerakh tipa kauchukov, kharakterizukhshchikhsya bol'shoj vnutrennej podvizhnost'yu tsepej i maloj ehnergiej mezhmolekulyarnykh svyazej, pri temperaturakh vyshe T akty rekombinatsii svobodnykh radikalov osushchestvlyayutsya s ochen' bol'shimi skorostyami. Kontsentratsiya radikalov v obraztsakh kauchukov, obluchennykh v zhidkom azote, umen'shaetsya pri

  10. Quantitative Interpretation of Gravity Anomaly Data in Geothermal Field Seulawah Agam, Aceh Besar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aprillino Wangsa

    2018-01-01

    Keywords: Gravity Method, Density, Grav2DC, Geothermal System, Seulawah Agam REFERENSI Bennett, J.D., dkk. 1981. Peta Geologi Lembar Banda Aceh, Sumatera. Bandung: Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Geologi. Hidayat, N dan Basid, A. 2011. Analisis Anomali Gravitasi Sebagai Acuan Dalam Penentuan Struktur Geologi Bawah Permukaan dan Potensi Geothermal, Jurnal Neutrino, 4.1,p-36. Muzakir. 2014. Investigasi Struktur 2D Lapangan Panasbumi Seulawah Agam Berdasarkan Data Pengukuran Magnetotellurik. Skripsi. Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh. Saptadji, N. M. 2001. Teknik Panas Bumi. Departemen Teknik Perminyakan Fakultas Ilmu Kebumian dan Teknologi Mineral. Institut Teknologi Bandung: Bandung. Yu, G., He, Z. X., Hu, Z.Z., borbergsdottir, I. M., Strack, K. –M., dan Tulinius, H.2009. Geothermal Exploration Using MT and Gravity Techniques at Szentlorinc Area in Hungary - SEG 2009 International Expoloration and Annuad Meeting. Houston. P-4333

  11. Untersuchung eines breitbandigen Koaxial-Hohlleiterübergangs für einen Schottky-Strahldiagnosedetektor

    CERN Document Server

    Ehret, M; Wendt, M

    In der vorliegenden Arbeit wurde ein Koaxial-Hohlleiterübergang im Mikrowellenbereich (4.8 GHz) untersucht und verbessert. Diese Kopplung ist eine der Schlüsselstellen des sogenannten „Schottky-Detektors“. Dieser Detektor befindet sich innerhalb des Teilchenbeschleunigers des Large Hadron Colliders am CERN. Während der Arbeit wurden verschiedene Untersuchungen am Detektor durchgeführt und anhand der ermittelten Ergebnisse eine veränderte Kopplerstruktur entwickelt. Diese Struktur wurde zuerst anhand von verschiedenen Modellen in einer elektromagnetischen Feldsimulation überprüft und mit Hilfe verschiedener Algorithmen verifiziert. Im nächsten Schritt wurde ein Testaufbau entwickelt, mit dem eine Überprüfung und eine abschließende Betrachtung der Ergebnisse möglich war. Es konnte gezeigt werden, dass mit der neu entwickelten Struktur die Kopplereigenschaften wesentlich verbessert und die Zielvorgaben sogar deutlich übertroffen wurden.

  12. CL møder sptogfagsdidaktikken

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Michael Svendsen

    2011-01-01

    I artiklen diskuteres den didaktiske kontekst for brugen af CL (Cooperative Learning) i sprogundervisningen. Indledningsvis stilles følgende spørgsmål: Hvor kommer de indholdsfrie CL-strukturer fra, og hvad sker der når man inddrager dem i sprogundervisningen? I besvarelsen af disse spørgsmål ind...... inddrages antologien Cooperative Learning and Second Language Teaching (McCafferty, Steven G. 2006)......I artiklen diskuteres den didaktiske kontekst for brugen af CL (Cooperative Learning) i sprogundervisningen. Indledningsvis stilles følgende spørgsmål: Hvor kommer de indholdsfrie CL-strukturer fra, og hvad sker der når man inddrager dem i sprogundervisningen? I besvarelsen af disse spørgsmål...

  13. PENGAJARAN BAHASA DENGAN PENDEKATAN KOMUNIKATIF: Analisis atas Teori Transformatif-Generatif Noam Chomsky

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alif Cahya Setiadi

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Sebagai alat interaksi verbal, bahasa dapat dikaji secarainternal maupun secara eksternal. Secara internal kajian dilakukanterhadap struktur internal bahasa itu mulai dari strukturfonologi, morfologi, sintaksis, sampai struktur wacana. Kajiansecara eksternal berkaitan dengan hubungan bahasa denganfaktor-faktor atau hal-hal yang ada di luar bahasa, seperti faktirsosial, psikologi, seni dan sebagainya.Pembelajaran bahasa sebagai salah satu masalah komplekmanusia karena hal ini termasuk kajian bahasa internal maupuneksternal yang berkenaan dengan masalah bahasa dan kegiatanberbahasa. Sedangkan kegiatan berbahasa itu bukan hanyaberlangsung secara mekanistik tetapi juga secara mentalistik.Artikel ini mencoba menguraikan suatu bentuk pendekatankomunikatif yang diusung dalam teori transformativegeneratifmenurut Noam Chomsky, seorang linguis Amerika.Hal ini diharapan agar pembelajaran bahasa mampu memperkayapendekatan yang digunakan dalam pembelajaran bahasadan tidak terpaku pada satu jenis pendekatan yang selama inidigunakan. Sehingga mampu menghadirkan suasana belajarbahasa yang komunikatif dan mencapai sasaran.

  14. PEMANFAATAN LIMBAH PLASTIK SEBAGAI ENERGY ALTERNATIF

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arif Setyo Nugroho

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available Pyrolisis pada suhu rendah plastik PP akan menghasilkan minyak sedikit. Plastik PP memiliki struktur ikatan kristal teratur, lebih sulit terdekomposisi jika dibandingkan dengan plastik PE yang memiliki struktur rantai yang panjang dan bercabang. Hasil pengujian didapat bahwa pada suhu 4000C jumlah minyak, gas, dan padatan  yang dihasilkan berturut-turut sebesar 52%, , 15% dan 33 %. Minyak yang dihasilkan lebih banyak dibandingkan dengan temperature reactor 200 OC. Hasil pada suhu 2000C jumlah minyak, gas, dan padatan  yang dihasilkan berturut-turut sebesar 30%, 10%, dan 60 %. Rata- rata waktu penyalaan generator berbahan bakar gasolin adalah 9,25 menit dengan berbagai macam variasi pembebanan. Waktu terlama penyalaan generator adalah 11.09 menit dengan bahan bakar campuran gasolin + minyak pyrolisis ( temperatur 300oC dan paling boros adalah 9.02 menit berbahan bakar 100 % minyak hasil pyrolisis. Kata kunci:  Pyrolisis, Plastik PP, Waktu nyala, minyak, pembebanan, generator

  15. DESIGNING VISUAL NOVEL CHARACTERS OF GAJAH MADA AND TRIBHUWANA TUNGGADEWI AS REPRESENTATION OF HISTORY FIGURES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dendi Pratama

    2018-03-01

    Gajah Mada dan Tribhuwana Tunggadewi adalah dua tokoh sejarah Kerajaan Majapahit. Keduanya memiliki pengaruh besar dalam memperluas kekuatan Kerajaan Majapahit. Kedua tokoh sejarah ini bisa disajikan sebagai karakter permainan dalam visual novel yang mendidik, terutama merepresentasikannya melalui media interaktif yang menarik bagi remaja. Saat ini, tidak banyak visual novel yang menampilkan latar sejarah Indonesia. Studi ini menciptakan karakter Gajah Mada dan Tribhuwana Tunggadewi dalam konteks desain komunikasi visual. Pembahasan tentang karakter visual novel ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dengan metode semiotika struktural, yaitu mendesain pesan melalui elemen visual garis, bentuk, tekstur, dan warna. Studi ini menunjukkan bahwa desain kostum pada karakter sebagai representasi makna informasi tentang sosok yang berpengaruh di kerajaan. Desain aksesori merupakan representasi makna simbolik tentang dolongan kebangsawanan. Desain wajah dan postur sebagai representasi eleganitas dan kekuatan karakter dalam makna imaji. Hasil desain karakter ini diharapkan bisa memberi gambaran tentang tokoh sejarah di Kerajaan Majapahit bagi remaja. Kata kunci: elemen visual, karakter, visual novel, semiotika struktural

  16. Kritik Sosial dalam Puisi “Wakil Rakyat” dalam Antologi Puisi: Tidur Tanpa Mimpi Karya Rachmat Djoko Pradopo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wiwiek Dwi Astuti

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan (1 mendeskripsikan struktur fisik sajak “Wakil Rakyat” karya Rachmat Djoko Pradopo dan (2 mendeskripsikan kritik sosial yang terdapat di dalam sajak tersebut. Untuk mencapai tujuan itu digunakan dua pendekatan, yaitu (1 pendekatan struktur dan (2 pendekatan semiotika. Hasil analisis yang diperoleh adalah (1 bahwa sajak tersebut dibangun dengan struktur fisik yang padu, yang terbukti dari eratnya kaitan antarunsur struktur yang terdiri atas diksi, pengimajian (citraan, kata konkret, majas (bahasa figuratif, versifikasi (rima, ritme, dan tipografi dan (2 bahwa kritik sosial yang diangkat dalam sajak itu adalah para wakil rakyat (pejabat legislatif dan eksekutif yang merupakan hasil pilihan rakyat dalam melaksanakan tugasnya, mendahulukan kepentingan diri sendiri atau kelompoknya daripada kepentingan rakyat. Abstract: This research is proposed to (1 describe the physical structure of poetry “Wakil Rakyat” written by Rachmat Djoko Pradopo and (2 describe the social critics in the poetry. Thus, two approaches are used, i.e. structural and semiotic. The findings are (1 that poetry is constructed with a physical structure proven by the tight bond among the structural element consisting of diction, imagination, concrete word, figurative language, verification (rhyme, rhythm, and metrum, and typography and (2 that the social critics highlighted in the poetry are the member of parliament (wakil Rakyat-who, in doing the duty, do not meet the people expectations by putting forward their own/their group’s interest before the poor people and thus the effort to eliminate the poverty becomes very difficult and has a small possibility to be realized. Key Words: social critic, physical structure, semiotics

  17. Lipase-katalysierte Synthese strukturierter Triglyceride: Verfahrensoptimierung und Erzeugung selektiver Lipasemutanten durch gerichtete Evolution

    OpenAIRE

    Schmid, Ulrike

    1999-01-01

    In der vorliegenden Arbeit wurde zum einen die Lipase-Katalysierte Synthese strukturierter Triglyceride, zum anderen die Veränderung der Kettenlängenselektivität der slip1-Lipase aus C. rugosa durch gerichtete Evolution untersucht. Besonderes Interesse galt der Synthese von strukturierten Triglyceriden des ABA-Typs, die aufgrund ihrer symmetrischen Struktur zur Therapie von Fettabsorptionsproblemen wie z.B. Pankreasinsuffizienz eingesetzt werden können. Besonderes Interesse galt dabei der ...

  18. Fabrikasi Dye Sensitized Solar Cell (DSSC) Berdasarkan Fraksi Volume TiO2 Anatase-Rutile Dengan Garcinia Mangostana Dan Rhoeo Spathacea Sebagai Dye Fotosensitizer

    OpenAIRE

    Agustini, Sustia

    2013-01-01

    Sejak pertama kali dikembangkan, USAha untuk meningkatkan efisiensi Dye Sensitized Solar Cell (DSSC) terus dilakukan. Mulai dari pemilihan bahan pewarna, jenis semikonduktor yang digunakan, desain counter elektroda, struktur sandwich atau yang lainnya. Anatase dan rutile adalah fase dari TiO2 yang sering digunakan untuk fabrikasi DSSC. Penelitian ini menggunakan kulit manggis dan Rhoeo spathacea yang diekstrak menggunakan ethanol sebagai pewarna alami yang mengandung antosianin. Pewarna terse...

  19. Fabrikasi Dye Sensitized Solar Cell (DSSC) Berdasarkan Fraksi Volume TiO2 Anatase-Rutile dengan Garcinia mangostana dan Rhoeo Spathacea sebagai Dye Fotosensitizer

    OpenAIRE

    Sustia Agustini

    2013-01-01

    Sejak pertama kali dikembangkan, usaha untuk meningkatkan efisiensi Dye Sensitized Solar Cell (DSSC) terus dilakukan. Mulai dari pemilihan bahan pewarna, jenis semikonduktor yang digunakan, desain counter elektroda, struktur sandwich atau yang lainnya. Anatase dan rutile adalah fase dari TiO2 yang sering digunakan untuk fabrikasi DSSC. Penelitian ini menggunakan kulit manggis dan Rhoeo spathacea yang diekstrak menggunakan ethanol sebagai pewarna alami yang mengandung antosianin. Pewarna terse...

  20. Texture Mapped Paper Pop-Ups

    OpenAIRE

    Darmadji, Armandarius; --, Liliana

    2013-01-01

    Origamic architecture (OA) merupakan papercraft yang dapat mereplika struktur arsitektural, pola geometri, dan objek tiga dimensi (3D) lainnya dalam bentuk pop-up hanya dengan melipat dan menggunting satu buah kertas. Rancangan image 2-dimensi yang dapat direalisasikan menjadi OA disebut OA plan. Pemberian texture pada OA plan dapat digunakan untuk menampilkan detail visual pada OA yang dihasilkan. Akan tetapi, desain OA plan cenderung memiliki bentuk geometri yang berbeda dengan objek asliny...

  1. Lääs ja süntetismi väljakutsed / Jüri Talvet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Talvet, Jüri, 1945-

    2002-01-01

    Kokkuvõte "The West and the challenge of synthetism", lk. 1089-1090. Kriitiliselt Lääne kultuuriuuringute diskursustest: eksistentsialism, strukturalism, psühhoanalüüs, poststrukturalism. Essee aluseks on hispaaniakeelne plenaarettekanne rahvusvahelisel kongressil Valencias (dets. 2001). Vastukaja: Arujärv, Evi. Õhumüügist ja turvateenusest // Sirp (2002) 14. juuni, lk. 3. Essee on ilmunud ka kogumikus: Talvet, Jüri. Tõrjumatu äär. Tartu : Ilmamaa, 2005, lk. 9-30

  2. Porter Five Forces Model Pada PT. Ruci Gas

    OpenAIRE

    Riky, Alfonsus

    2014-01-01

    Penelitian ini akan membahas mengenai analisis lima model utama kekuatan Porter pada Perusahaan keluarga PT.Ruci Gas. Tujuan dari penelitian ini penulis ingin menganalis tentang struktur industri PT. Ruci Gas yang dikaitkan dengan teori lima model kekuatan utama yang dikembangkan oleh Porter. Selain itu penulis ingin menganalisis mengenai tingkat atraktif investasi gas di Indonesia. Jenis dari penelitian ini adalah kualitatif deskriptif.Dengan pengumpulan data dengan metode wawancara dan obse...

  3. Energy report for Bavaria, 1996/97. Data on the development of the Bavarian energy industry, with an energy balance; Energiebericht Bayern 1996/97. Daten zur Entwicklung der bayerischen Energiewirtschaft mit Energiebilanz

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-04-01

    The report presents the energy balance for Bavaria and provides information on: Bavarian energy industry; structure and development of primary and end-use energy consumption; situation and development of energy sources (electricity, gas, mineral oil, coal, district heating). (orig.) [Deutsch] Der Bericht enthaelt die Energiebilanz Bayern fuer das Berichtsjahr und bietet Informationen zur Energiewirtschaft in Bayern, zur Struktur und Entwicklung des Primaer- und Endenergieverbrauchs und zur Situation und Entwicklung bei den einzelnen Energietraegern (Elektrizitaet, Gas, Mineraloel, Kohle, Fernwaerme). (orig.)

  4. Mødeforbedringer i Vestjysk Bank

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ravn, Ib; Tange, Nina

    2010-01-01

    struktur på møderne i Vestjysk Bank . De starter mere præcist, tiden bliver brugt mere fornuftigt, mødedeltagerne kommer mere i spil. Medarbejderne oplever at møderne er forbedrede – over hele linjen. På samtlige 23 spørgsmål i det udsendte spørgeskema har medarbejderne vurderet der er forbedringer i...

  5. Gosvig und das Problem der Geschichte

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wentzer, Thomas Schwarz

    2016-01-01

    Der Essay geht der Frage nach, wieso so viele philosophische Bücher, insbesondere innerhalb der sogenannten 'kontinentalen' Philosophie des 20. Jhs, einen Titel tragen, der durch die Struktur 'x und y' gekennzeichnet ist. Hat Heideggers 'Sein und Zeit' auch hier Schule gemacht? Wenn ja, wie so? U...... These, dass die Iteration des 'und' tatsächlich und in Kontrast zur Genetivkonstruktion der Idealisten ('Phänomenologie des Geistes') die Geschichtlichkeit im Zeitalter postsubjektivistischen Denkens reflektiert....

  6. Entwurf von Regelkreisen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horn, Joachim

    Betrachtet werde der Standardregelkreis gemäß Abb. 74.1. GS(s) bezeichnet die Übertragungsfunktion der Strecke, die bekannt sei. GR(s) bezeichnet die Übertragungsfunktion des Regelgliedes, dessen Struktur und Parameter so zu bestimmen sind, dass der geschlossene Regelkreis die gewünschten Eigenschaften besitzt. Zunächst sollen diese Forderungen an die Regelung dargestellt und die zu ihrer Erfüllung erforderlichen Bedingungen hergeleitet werden.

  7. Die XXL—Suchmaschine zur ontologiebasierten Ähnlichkeitssuche in XML—Dokumenten

    OpenAIRE

    Theobald, Anja

    2004-01-01

    Die effektive und effiziente Informationssuche in großen Mengen semistrukturierter Daten im XML-Format stehen im Mittelpunkt dieser Arbeit. In dieser Arbeit wird die XXL-Suchmaschine vorgestellt. Sie wertet Anfragen aus, die in der XML-Anfragesprache XXL formuliert sind. Eine XXL-Anfrage umfasst dabei Suchbedingungen an die Struktur und an den Inhalt von XML-Dokumenten. Als Ergebnis wird eine nach ihrer Relevanz absteigend sortierte Liste von Treffern produziert, wobei ein Treffer ein relevan...

  8. WACANA TEMBANG MACAPAT SEBAGAI PENGUNGKAP SISTEM KOGNISI DAN KEARIFAN LOKAL ETNIK JAWA

    OpenAIRE

    Dwi Bambang Putut Setiyadi

    2010-01-01

    Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui struktur dan karakteristik wacana tembang macapat Tripama, Wulangreh, and Kalatidha, sasmita, dan sistem kognisi, serta kearifan lokal etnik Jawa. Objek penelitian yang berupa wacana tembang macapat disediakan dengan teknik pustaka, simak, dan catat. Analisis data menggunakan metode analisis wacana. Hasil penelitian: (1) Strktur wacana macapat Tripama, Wulangreh, and Kalatidha disusun dalam pola purwa wacana, madya wacana, dan wasana wacana. Ketiga...

  9. Faktor-faktor Penyebab Instrumen Biola Jadi Bagian Integral Kebudayaan Musik Etnik Melayu Pesisir Timur Sumatera Utara

    OpenAIRE

    Zulfahmi, Muhammad

    2013-01-01

    Biola menjadi bagian integral dalam kebudayaan musik etnik Melayu Pesisir Timur Sumatera Utara. Bunyi (sound)-nya telah mewakili maenstream budaya Melayu. Unsur-unsur bunyi menjadi pilar utama pembentukan struktur musiknya. “Proses-integrasinya” disebabkan oleh hubungan masyarakat Melayu Pesisir Timur Sumatera Utara dengan bangsa-bangsa lain pada masa lampau. Melalui faktor-faktor transformasi sosio budaya, teknik estetika khas biola Melayu merupakan paduan antara konsep-konsep bermain biola ...

  10. Kurzskala zur Erfassung der Unternehmenskultur

    OpenAIRE

    Jöns, Ingela; Hodapp, Markus; Weiss, Katharina

    2005-01-01

    Die Kulturskala zur Erfassung der Unternehmenskultur (KUK) fokussiert auf die Einstufung der Kultur des eigenen Unternehmens und eines anderen Unternehmens durch die Mitarbeiter, wie dies z.B. im Fall von Fusionen von Bedeutung ist. Ihre vier Dimensionen (Strategie, Struktur, Führung und Zusammenarbeit) werden anhand eines bündigen Inventars von 15 Merkmalen erfasst. In einer Untersuchung bei drei Unternehmen der Chemie- und Energiebranche mit einer Gesamtstichprobe von n = 724 konnte gezeigt...

  11. Simulasi Jaringan Syaraf Tiruan Berbasis Metode Backpropagation Sebagai Pengendali Kecepatan Motor DC

    OpenAIRE

    Wiryadinata, Romi; Ratnawati, Dwi Ana

    2005-01-01

    Motor DC dan komputer banyak digunakan dalam kehidupan sehari-sehari, baik di rumah tangga,industri maupun lingkungan pendidikan yang sangat membutuhkan ketelitian dan penggunan yang serbaotomatis. Jaringan Syaraf Tiruan merupakan salah satu kendali motor DC yang dapat disimulasikanmenggunakan neural network toolbox pada software Matlab 6.5. Dengan menggunakan metode Backpropagationdan fungsi Gradient Descent Momentum diperoleh struktur jaringan yang terbaik, terdiri dari 5 sel neuronlapisan ...

  12. PROFESIONALISME GURU SD / MI

    OpenAIRE

    Nursalim Nursalim

    2017-01-01

    Abstrak: Guru harus memiliki empat kompetensi dasar yaitu; kompetensi pedagogik, kom­petensi kepribadian, kompetensi sosial dan kompetensi profesional. Kompetensi profesional guru Sekolah Dasar/Madrasah Ibtidaiyah yaitu: 1) Menguasai materi, struktur, konsep, dan pola pikir keilmuan yang mendukung mata pelajaran yang diampu, 2) menguasai standar kompetensi dan kompetensi dasar mata pelajaran/bidang pengembangan yang diampu, 3) mengembangkan materi membelajaran yang diampu secara kreatif, ...

  13. Vom Webstuhl zum World Wide Web

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heide Palmer

    2003-03-01

    Full Text Available Die Autorin ist Direktorin der „Cybernetic Culture Research Unit“ an der University of Warwick. Sie bezeichnet sich als eine der Begründerinnen des „Cyberfeminismus“ und will mit nullen + einsen das Thema Frauen und Computer in ein neues Licht setzen. Ihre zentrale These lautet, dass das Internet eine Weiterentwicklung des Webstuhls sei. Mit Hilfe einer collage-artigen Erzählweise bildet Plant die nicht-lineare Struktur moderner Kommunikationsmittel ab.

  14. Man må være lærd

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Münster-Swendsen, Mia

    2005-01-01

      Det er nærmest en kliché, at fremhæve den tidlige middelalder som en periode præget af et  sammenbrud af en lang række sociale strukturer - ikke mindst de institutionelle og politiske. Uanset hvor kraftigt vi vil betone dette sammenbrud, er der næppe tvivl om at Europa undergik en lang række kr...

  15. PENELITIAN SIFAT FISIS DAN MEKANIS BAJA KARBON RENDAH AKIBAT PENGARUH PROSES PENGARBONAN DARI ARANG KAYU JATI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Masyrukan Masyrukan

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Pada penelitian ini, proses pengarbonan (carburising yang dilakukan adalah dengan menambahkan kandungan unsur karbon (C ke dalam permukaan baja. Sumber karbon diperoleh dari arang kayu jati yang telah ditumbuk halus. Temperatur yang digunakan selama proses pengarbonan adalah 900°C, dengan variasi waktu penahanannya 2 jam,  4 jam, dan 6 jam. Setelah itu didinginkan dengan air (quench. Pembuatan benda uji dilakukan untuk mendapatkan sampel dan supaya memudahkan dalam pelaksanaan penelitian.  Pengujian yang dilakukan adalah pengujian struktur mikro, pengujian kekerasan dan pengujian impact.Pengujian kekerasan yang telah dilakukan terhadap material pengarbonan menghasilkan distribusi kekerasan dari permukaan menuju inti, untuk masing-masing waktu penahanan yang berbeda. Untuk waktu penahanan 2 jam mulai HVN 257,5 Kg/mm²  sampai 205,3 Kg/mm² menuju inti ; 4 jam mulai HVN 273,1 Kg/mm² sampai 204,4 Kg/mm² menuju inti ; 6 jam mulai HVN 274,6 Kg/mm²  sampai 204,4 Kg/mm² menuju inti.Hasil pengamatan foto struktur mikro melalui microscope olympus photomicrographic system dihasilkan foto struktur mikro untuk raw material dan carburising sama terdapat ferit dan perlit,  untuk yang dikarburising struktur mikronya,  yaitu ferit  dan perlit.  Semakin lama proses karburising,  semakin banyak pula kandungan perlitnya yang mengakibatkan semakin tingginya tingkat kekerasan. Hasil pengujian impak menunjukkan rata-rata harga impak untuk spesimen raw material = 0,350 J/mm2, waktu penahanan 2 jam = 1,013 J/mm2 , spesimen waktu penahanan 4 jam = 0,600 J/mm2, spesimen waktu penahanan 6 jam = 1,590 J/mm2.

  16. Det afghanska valet i svensk media : En diskursanalys av svensk medias rapportering om parlamentsvalet 2010

    OpenAIRE

    Arvidsson, Jonathan

    2013-01-01

    Den här uppsatsen analyserar svensk medias rapportering om valet i Afghanistan 2010. Med hjälp av metoder framtagna av Van Dijk har en analys av artiklar som berör valet 2010 gjorts. De teoretiska utgångspunkterna är postkolonialism och orientalism. Med hjälp av de perspektiven och Van Dijks medieanalys analyseras materialet för att tydliggöra strukturer i media.

  17. God fondsledelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Feldthusen, Rasmus Kristian

    2014-01-01

    Artiklen behandler temaet god fondsledelse i såvel erhvervsdrivende som ikke-erhvervsdrivende fonde. Emnet er relevant eftersom fonde har en markant anderledes struktur end andre selskabsformer, hvilket især gør sig gældende med hensyn til ejerstrukturen. For det første er fonde selvejende, hvilket....... Erhvervsstyrelsen samt kritisk revision af fondens revisor. Artiklen inddrager Erhvervsfondsudvalgets rapport og forslag til nye lovbestemmelser samt udkast til anbefalinger om god fondsledelse....

  18. God fondsledelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Feldthusen, Rasmus Kristian

    2013-01-01

    Artiklen behandler temaet god fondsledelse i såvel erhvervsdrivende som ikke-erhvervsdrivende fonde. Emnet er relevant eftersom fonde har en markant anderledes struktur end andre selskabsformer, hvilket især gør sig gældende med hensyn til ejerstrukturen. For det første er fonde selvejende, hvilket....... Erhvervsstyrelsen samt kritisk revision af fondens revisor. Artiklen inddrager Erhvervsfondsudvalgets rapport og forslag til nye lovbestemmelser samt anbefaling om god fondsledelse....

  19. Wohnquartiersbeschreibung: ein Instrument zur Regionalisierung von Nachbarschaften

    OpenAIRE

    Hoffmeyer-Zlotnik, Jürgen H. P.

    2001-01-01

    'Ausgehend von der Annahme, daß soziale Differenzierung sich in räumlicher Differenzierung niederschlägt, bietet eine Beschreibung der Struktur des näheren Wohnumfeldes die Möglichkeit, das Wohnquartier als Handlungsraum und Sozialisationsinstanz zur Interpretation von Umfragedaten zu nutzen. Das vorliegende Instrumentarium erlaubt es, das Wohnquartier unabhängig von Zensusdaten über Merkmale, die in der eigenen Umfrage erhoben werden, zu charakterisieren.' (Autorenreferat) 'The general hy...

  20. Sistem Perburuan Landak Moncong Panjang (Zaglossus bruijnii) pada Masyarakat Kampung Waibem dan Kampung Saukorem Tambrauw, Papua Barat

    OpenAIRE

    Tresia Frida Awak; Sepus Fatem; Aksamina Yohanita

    2016-01-01

    Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui sistem perburuan landak moncong panjang (Zaglossus bruijnii) oleh masyarakat kampung Waibem dan Saukorem, Kabupaten Tambrauw. Penelitian ini dilakukan di Kampung Waibem dan Saukorem selama 1 bulan, yaitu sejak bulan Juli-Agustus 2014. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode deskriptif dengan teknik observasi lapangan dan wawancara semi struktural yang mengacu pada daftar kuisioner. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa umumnya masyarakat Kampung Waibem dan Sau...