WorldWideScience

Sample records for sinica selected articles

  1. Acta Genetica Sinica (Selected Articles),

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-04-04

    0879-8SF/ /3 N IT 0󈧬 112. MIRCK L~~Nj~ %. *- - - - - - - - -I.. * .. - II , I FTD-ID(RS)T-0879-85 oM FOREIGN TECHNOLOGY DIVISION ACTA GENETICA SINICA...34 ’ ° ° ° !4 :A.. it.i FTD- ID(RS)T-0879-85 HUMAN TRANSLATION FTD-ID(RS)T-0879-85 4 April 1986 MICROFICHE NR: FTD-86-C-001691 ACTA GENETICA SINICA...merged into this translation were extracted from the best quality copy available. •i 12 (2): 93-101, 1985 Yichuan Xuebao (Acta Genetica Sinica) Genetic

  2. STOMATOLOGICAL JOURNAL (SELECTED ARTICLES).

    Science.gov (United States)

    This article discusses the clinical symptoms of lithiasis of the parotid salivary gland, examination methods that allow detection of sialoliths... lithiasis treated at the Dental Surgery Clinic at Zabrze are summarized: 88% of all salivary gland lithiasis is submaxillary; it appears most frequently

  3. Polyseme selection, lemma selection and article selection

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bergenholtz, Henning; Gouws, Rufus

    2017-01-01

    , in the case of dictionaries for text reception, should abolish the traditional distinction between homonyms as well as the presentation of the different senses of a polysemous word in a single article. Each meaning, whether the only meaning of a lexical item or one of any number of different senses, should...... be the only item giving the meaning in an article....

  4. The Adlerian Approach: Selected Articles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bullard, Maurice L.; And Others

    Several articles are concerned entirely with explicating some of the core Adlerian principles which center, ultimately, on the purposiveness of all human behavior. Among the theoretical topics included are: (1) a conflict solving strategy; (2) the characteristics of the family constellation; and (3) the implications of misbehavior viewed as having…

  5. RESEARCH ARTICLE Biodiversity and selection for scrapie ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    RESEARCH ARTICLE. Biodiversity and selection for scrapie ... Chiappini Barbara. Department of Food Safety, Nutrition and Veterinary Public Health, Istituto Superiore di Sanità,. 00161 Rome .... 90" at 72°C for 35 cycles, 4' 72°C ). Primers and dNTPs were removed enzymatically, incubating 15µl of PCR product with 1.7µl.

  6. Electromagnetic separation of stable isotopes at the Institute of Atomic Energy, Academia Sinica

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hua, M.; Li, G.; Su, S.; Mao, N.; Lu, H.

    1981-01-01

    For almost 20 years the Institute of Atomic Energy, Academia Sinica has been separating stable isotopes of the elements by electromagnetic separators and supplying these materials to research work in many fields of our country. In this article we shall attempt to outline the growth of the effort and describe the present situation. (orig.)

  7. [The thirty years of Acta Genetica Sinica].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Shao-Wu; Zhou, Su; Xue, Yong-Biao; Zhu, Li-Huang

    2003-04-01

    Acta Genetica Sinica (AGS) is sponsored by the Genetics Society of China and the Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology of Chinese Academy of Sciences, and is published by Science Press. The journal is a leading national academic periodical and one of the Chinese key periodicals of natural sciences. Currently, AGS is being indexed by several well-known domestic and international indexing systems, such as the American Chemical Digest (CA), BIOSIS database, Biological Digest (BA), Medical Index and Russian Digest (P [symbol: see text]). Papers in the areas of genetics, developmental biology, cell molecular biology and evolution are regularly published by AGS.

  8. Nanjing University General Information (Selected Articles).

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-12-10

    7 AD-A123.941 NANJING UNIVERSIT GENERAL INFORMATION (SELECTED ARICLESH U) FORESN T CHNOLO0Y 0IV RIOHT-PATTERSON AR OH , 0 EC .2 0 DDRS)T-0ROR-2...Astronomy. .. ........................ 5 Department of Mathematics. .. .................. ..... 8 Department of Computer Science. .. .................... 11... computer science, physics, chemistry, biology, geology, geography and meteorology. In addition, it also accommodates two research and teaching offices

  9. PREPARATION OF A POLYMER ARTICLE FOR SELECTIVE METALLIZATION

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2008-01-01

    The present invention relates to the field of selective metallization, and in particular to preparing a polymer article for selective metallization by submerging the article in a first liquid, and while submergedirradiate the article by a laser beam the area of the article on which the metal...... is to be deposited. An activation step, prior to the selective metallization, comprises submerging the article in an activation liquid for depositing seedparticles in the selected area. The irradiation of the selected area is proportionate so as to cause a temporary meltingof the polymer in the surface...... of the selected area of the polymer article. The invention is advantageous in that the preparation may be performed with a relatively high scan rate across the polymer article, and in that a quite limited use of toxic chemicals....

  10. Selected Soccer and Speedball Articles. Sports Articles Reprint Series. Third Edition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boyce, Roberta, Ed.; Lowe, Billye J., Ed.

    Presented is a collection of articles by outstanding authorities on soccer and speedball for girls and women. The articles were selected from 1958-72 "Division for Girls and Women's Sports Guides." Articles are organized under a) Lead-up and Modified Games, b) Teaching and Coaching Techniques, and c) Evaluation and Officiating. (Author/JB)

  11. New Record of Sillago sinica (Pisces: Sillaginidae in Korean Waters, and Re-identification of Sillago parvisquamis Previously Reported from Korea as S. sinica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seung Eun Bae

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available A single specimen of the genus Sillago, collected from Gwangyang, Korea, in May 2009, is characterized by XI first dorsal fin spines, 3 or 4 rows of melanophore pattern along the second dorsal fin membrane, and a darkish posterior margin of the caudal fin. Our specimen was identified as Sillago sinica reported as a new species; this identification is confirmed by mitochondrial DNA cytochrome oxidase subunit I sequences, which show that our specimen corresponds to S. sinica (d=0.000 and differs from the congeneric species Sillago parvisquamis (d=0.170. Comparisons of Korean specimens previously reported as S. parvisquamis with specimens of S. sinica show that the S. parvisquamis specimens are actually S. sinica. We propose the new Korean name “buk-bang-jeom-bo-ri-myeol” for S. sinica.

  12. [Study on physiological characteristics of seed germination of Ephedra sinica].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seqinbateer; Khasbagan; Wurina; Wei, Xian-Jun

    2009-05-01

    To study the characteristics of the Ephedra sinica seed germination, to provide a basis for its cultivation. The seed germination inhibitive substances were studied by water washing method; the seed vigor was determined by TTC method and red ink method, the influence of growth substances to seed germination was studied by agar medium cultivation, and the influence of different sand burying depth on seed germination was studied by sand medium cultivation. The seed germination rates of dry seeds, seeds as 12 h soaking with distilled water, 12 h washing by water and with ensheathe phyllary were 44%, 61%, 79.9% and 0%. Treated with 40 mg/L GA, the seed germination enhanced significantly as the maximum seed germination rate was 94% after 2 d. Treated with 40 mg/L IAA and 40 mg/L 6-BA, the seed germination delayed as the maximum seed germination rate appeared after 7 d, and the difference of seed germination index between treated and CK was significant (Pseed germination rate gradually increased. But above 6 cm, when the depth increased, the seed germination rate gradually decreased. Moreover, as the sand burying depth increased, the root length changed in parabola-shaped and the stem length increased, but the root top radio decreased. The phyllary and seed of Ephedra sinica contain some seed germination inhibitors, adequate water washing, dealing with GA and so on can improve the seed germination rate and speed up the seed germination. Appropriate deep sand burying can also improve seed germination and seedling emergence of Ephedra sinica.

  13. HOW TO SELECT APPROPRIATE STATISTICAL TEST IN SCIENTIFIC ARTICLES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vladimir TRAJKOVSKI

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Statistics is mathematical science dealing with the collection, analysis, interpretation, and presentation of masses of numerical data in order to draw relevant conclusions. Statistics is a form of mathematical analysis that uses quantified models, representations and synopses for a given set of experimental data or real-life studies. The students and young researchers in biomedical sciences and in special education and rehabilitation often declare that they have chosen to enroll that study program because they have lack of knowledge or interest in mathematics. This is a sad statement, but there is much truth in it. The aim of this editorial is to help young researchers to select statistics or statistical techniques and statistical software appropriate for the purposes and conditions of a particular analysis. The most important statistical tests are reviewed in the article. Knowing how to choose right statistical test is an important asset and decision in the research data processing and in the writing of scientific papers. Young researchers and authors should know how to choose and how to use statistical methods. The competent researcher will need knowledge in statistical procedures. That might include an introductory statistics course, and it most certainly includes using a good statistics textbook. For this purpose, there is need to return of Statistics mandatory subject in the curriculum of the Institute of Special Education and Rehabilitation at Faculty of Philosophy in Skopje. Young researchers have a need of additional courses in statistics. They need to train themselves to use statistical software on appropriate way.

  14. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    - formed consent from study participants.8. More than 500 journals around the world have responded and adopted the requirements of the ICMJE.9 As a result the number of articles reporting informed consent in clinical trials increased from.

  15. ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ARTICLES. NEONATAL VITAMIN A. SUPPLEMENTATION. Jean Humphrey. Vitamin A deficiency is a major public health problem throughout the developing world, affecting an estimated 124 million young children and accounting for more than 1 million child deaths each year.' A meta-analysis of eight controlled.

  16. ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ARTICLES. ,i. INTRAVASCULAR CATHETER. SEPSIS. Mervyn Mer. Intravascular devices are an integral component of modern-day medical practice. They are used to administer intravenous fluids, medications, blood products and parenteral nutrition. In addition, they serve as a valuable monitor of the haemo- dynamic ...

  17. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    I also thank Professor Julia Sloth-Nielsen of the Faculty of Law, UWC, and Mr Lukas Muntingh of CSPRI for their valuable comments on the. 2007 version of this article. OSF-SA and Ford Foundation's funding to. CSPRI and CLC is acknowledged. The usual caveats apply. References. 1. For example, there was much interest ...

  18. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    FUTLIB12

    E-resources have enhanced the learning process to students by providing relevant information for their academic activities. Use of Electronic Information Resources by Postgraduate. Students of Universities in North Central Nigeria. Article https://dx.doi.org/10.4314/iijikm.v8i3.6. Information Impact: Journal of Information and.

  19. articles

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2011-12-04

    Dec 4, 2011 ... Google Scholar, African Journals Online (AJOL), and archives of the Nigerian Journal of Psychiatry. Six articles included content relating to age of the child at first presentation to orthodox clinical practice and symptoms at presentation related to expressive language ability and therefore fulfilled the inclusion.

  20. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    FDB

    Institutional repository (IR), therefore, is any digital repository that is set up to capture, manage, preserve and distribute the intellectual ... Nigerian Universities. Article https://dx.doi.org/10.4314/iijikm.v8i3.8. Information Impact: Journal of Information and. Knowledge Management. 2017, Vol. 8 (3) Pg 83 - 102. ISSN: 2141 ...

  1. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    USER

    The study investigated the need for professional assistance to users of information retrieval tools at the National Library of Nigeria, Enugu branch. A total of 38 (thirty-eight) users of the library were randomly selected and used for the study. It was found that most of the respondents. 18(47.3%) consulted the card catalogue ...

  2. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    wallow

    Scope of the study. This study covered universities in South-west, Nigeria and six cadres of the lecturers. (from professor to assistant lecturers) in the selected universities. Seven IP: copyrights, performers' right, trademarks, patents, geographic indications, industrial design and trade secrets were the main focus of the study.

  3. articles

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2011-09-03

    Sep 3, 2011 ... to assess perceived social support,20 as used by Simbayi et al.21 The items were selected to reflect perceived tangible and emotional support. The Cronbach α-reliability coefficient of this 3-item scale was 0.92 in this sample. Internalised AIDS stigma. We used the 6-item internalised AIDS-related stigma ...

  4. IIE Bulletin: selected articles from 1988 issues of ``boletin iie``

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1988-12-31

    Boletin IIE, produced by the Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas, is issued six times a year. Separate citations and abstracts have been prepared for individual articles in scope for the database.

  5. IIE Bulletin: selected articles from 1994 issues of ``boletin iie``

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1994-12-31

    Boletin IIE, produced by the Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas, is issued six times a year. Separate citations and abstracts have been prepared for individual articles in scope for the database.

  6. IIE Bulletin: selected articles from 1987 issues of ``boletin iie``

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1987-12-31

    Boletin IIE, produced by the Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas, is issued six times a year. Separate citations and abstracts have been prepared for individual articles in scope for the database.

  7. IIE Bulletin: selected articles from 1985 issues of ``boletin iie``

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1985-12-31

    Boletin IIE, produced by the Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas, is issued six times a year. Separate citations and abstracts have been prepared for individual articles in scope for the database.

  8. IIE Bulletin: selected articles from 1993 issues of ``boletin iie``

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1993-12-31

    Boletin IIE, produced by the Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas, is issued six times a year. Separate citations and abstracts have been prepared for individual articles in scope for the database.

  9. IIE Bulletin: selected articles from 1990 issues of ``boletin iie``

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1990-12-31

    Boletin IIE, produced by the Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas, is issued six times a year. Separate citations and abstracts have been prepared for individual articles in scope for the database.

  10. IIE Bulletin: selected articles from 1995 issues of ``boletin iie``

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-12-31

    Boletin IIE, produced by the Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas, is issued six times a year. Separate citations and abstracts have been prepared for individual articles in scope for the database.

  11. IIE Bulletin: selected articles from 1997 issues of ``boletin iie``

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-12-31

    Boletin IIE, produced by the Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas, is issued six times a year. Separate citations and abstracts have been prepared for individual articles in scope for the database.

  12. IIE Bulletin: selected articles from 1989 issues of ``boletin iie``

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1989-12-31

    Boletin IIE, produced by the Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas, is issued six times a year. Separate citations and abstracts have been prepared for individual articles in scope for the database.

  13. IIE Bulletin: selected articles from 1991 issues of ``boletin iie``

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1991-12-31

    Boletin IIE, produced by the Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas, is issued six times a year. Separate citations and abstracts have been prepared for individual articles in scope for the database.

  14. IIE Bulletin: selected articles from 1992 issues of ``boletin iie``

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1992-12-31

    Boletin IIE, produced by the Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas, is issued six times a year. Separate citations and abstracts have been prepared for individual articles in scope for the database.

  15. IIE Bulletin: selected articles from 1986 issues of ``boletin iie``

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1986-12-31

    Boletin IIE, produced by the Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas, is issued six times a year. Separate citations and abstracts have been prepared for individual articles in scope for the database.

  16. IIE Bulletin: selected articles from 1996 issues of ``boletin iie``

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-12-31

    Boletin IIE, produced by the Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas, is issued six times a year. Separate citations and abstracts have been prepared for individual articles in scope for the database.

  17. Special Issue: Selected Articles from the 1994 NORCHIP Seminar

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    1996-01-01

    This Special Issue of Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing presents extended versions of selected papers from the 12th NORCHIP Seminar which was held November 8-9, 1994, in Gothenburg, Sweden....

  18. Special Issue: Selected Articles from the 1996 NORCHIP Seminar

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    1998-01-01

    This Special Issue of Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing presents extended versions of selected papers from the 14th NORCHIP Conference which was held November 4-5, in Helsinki, Finland...

  19. Unveiling Environmental Sociology Approaches: a Review of Selected Articles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabio Bacchiegga

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The environmental issue has become the object of wide discussion in recent decades, delimiting and building a solid presence, especially in the academic field. This issue has emerged during the 1960s, within a very specific historical context – counterculture and criticisms of the current The environmental issue has become the object of wide discussion in recent decades, delimiting and building a solid presence, especially in the academic field. This issue has emerged during the 1960s, within a very specific historical context – counterculture and criticisms of the current predatory model of development. It has arrived in Brazil in the 1970s, assuming a singular face. Nowadays, it expresses the criticism of the end of the “Economic Miracle” and the environmental impacts resulting from this development option. Knowing the process of institutionalization is important to understand how Environmental Sociology leaves the status of subfield areas of Sociology, such as Rural Sociology, and achieves a specific field. In this paper, we present a discussion about the “making” of the Brazilian Environmental Sociology, arguing it as an established field of study and it needs to reflect about its theoretical construction. Therefore, we aim to analyze the articles on the theme “Environment and Society” published in major journals related to the Humanities area of Brazil, 1980 to 2007, from the method “Content Analysis”, and thus contribute to the understanding of Environmental Sociology process of (remaking as a specific area of sociological thought.

  20. Steam distillation-solid-phase microextraction for the detection of Ephedra sinica in herbal preparations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tellez, Mari R; Khan, Ikhlas A; Schaneberg, Brian T; Crockett, Sara L; Rimando, Agnes M; Kobaisy, Mozaina

    2004-01-30

    A new method involving concurrent solid-phase microextraction combined with continuous hydrodistillation of essential oil was developed. This new methodology allowed for the detection by GC-MS of very small amounts of a diagnostic peak for the authentication of Ephedra sinica, in a short period of time and using only small sample sizes. This diagnostic peak was identified as 4-vinylanisole, and elucidated from the chromatographic profile allowed for the identification of a sample as E. sinica among other species investigated in this study. To the best of our knowledge this is the first report on using continuous solid-phase microextraction coupled to hydrodistillation for the investigation of essential oil components, and the first report of 4-vinylanisole as a marker compound for E. sinica. A total of 46 collections representing 21 species of Ephedra were studied.

  1. ELT Research in Turkey: A Content Analysis of Selected Features of Published Articles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yagiz, Oktay; Aydin, Burcu; Akdemir, Ahmet Selçuk

    2016-01-01

    This study reviews a selected sample of 274 research articles on ELT, published between 2005 and 2015 in Turkish contexts. In the study, 15 journals in ULAKBIM database and articles from national and international journals accessed according to convenience sampling method were surveyed and relevant articles were obtained. A content analysis was…

  2. The selection criteria for Slovenian bibliography: with special emphasis on the articles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marjeta Šušteričič

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Selection principles are an important stage in the creation of a national bibliography.The article outlines the selection of the national output to be included in Slovenian bibliography. It also presents theoretical basis for selection in general, with the emphasis on international guidelines and on the development of national principles and professional outlines. Statistical data and examples give more detailed analysis of selection criteria of articles regarding different types of serial publications. Results of the study show that selection criteria for Slovenian bibliography are to be constantly verified due to the dynamics of the national publishing industry. Nevertheless, the main features of selection criteria remain unchanged: lasting value of subject matter with the emphasis on scientific research and expert knowledge.

  3. Article Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2010-08-09

    Aug 9, 2010 ... Article. Over the past two decades, all eight South African medical schools (see. Map (Fig. 1) and Table I) have undertaken renewal of their MB ChB educational ... and Training of Doctors in South Africa document, the five-star doctor ..... perceived lack of rewards for teaching and sense of the importance.

  4. Protective effects of the egg stalk of Paratrioza sinica (Hemiptera: Psyllidae) at various angles and spacings against three predaceous coccinellids, Harmonia axyridis, Coccinella septempunctata and Hippodamia variegata (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Pengxiang; Ma, Baoxu; Yan, Shuo; Xu, Jing; He, Jia; Zhang, Rong; Zhang, Runzhi

    2018-02-01

    Paratrioza sinica is a major pest of wolfberry (Lycium barbarum). Coccinellids can effectively control various developmental stages of P. sinica but not the stalked egg. To investigate the protective role of egg stalks against the predaceous coccinellids Harmonia axyridis, Coccinella septempunctata and Hippodamia variegata, we studied the functional responses to, and effects of, two factors: the angle between the egg stalk and the leaf plane, and the spacing between egg stalks. The searching rate, handling time and theoretical maximum egg consumption of H. variegata were optimal among the three ladybug species. Egg consumption by coccinellids was maximum and minimum at stalk angles of 0° and 90°, respectively. The average reduction in the rate of egg consumption when the stalk angle was 90° relative to 0° was significantly smaller for larvae of coccinellids compared with adults, and for H. variegata compared with the other two species. Optimal spacing of eggs for consumption by predators varied with the predator species and their developmental stage, and was close to the body length of the predators. The egg stalk serves as a physical protection against predators. The evolutionary selective advantage of the egg stalk in providing protection against predators requires more attention. Appropriate selection of predators and irrigation strategies may improve control of P. sinica. © 2017 Society of Chemical Industry. © 2017 Society of Chemical Industry.

  5. Improving Classification of Protein Interaction Articles Using Context Similarity-Based Feature Selection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yifei Chen

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Protein interaction article classification is a text classification task in the biological domain to determine which articles describe protein-protein interactions. Since the feature space in text classification is high-dimensional, feature selection is widely used for reducing the dimensionality of features to speed up computation without sacrificing classification performance. Many existing feature selection methods are based on the statistical measure of document frequency and term frequency. One potential drawback of these methods is that they treat features separately. Hence, first we design a similarity measure between the context information to take word cooccurrences and phrase chunks around the features into account. Then we introduce the similarity of context information to the importance measure of the features to substitute the document and term frequency. Hence we propose new context similarity-based feature selection methods. Their performance is evaluated on two protein interaction article collections and compared against the frequency-based methods. The experimental results reveal that the context similarity-based methods perform better in terms of the F1 measure and the dimension reduction rate. Benefiting from the context information surrounding the features, the proposed methods can select distinctive features effectively for protein interaction article classification.

  6. Improving Classification of Protein Interaction Articles Using Context Similarity-Based Feature Selection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Yifei; Sun, Yuxing; Han, Bing-Qing

    2015-01-01

    Protein interaction article classification is a text classification task in the biological domain to determine which articles describe protein-protein interactions. Since the feature space in text classification is high-dimensional, feature selection is widely used for reducing the dimensionality of features to speed up computation without sacrificing classification performance. Many existing feature selection methods are based on the statistical measure of document frequency and term frequency. One potential drawback of these methods is that they treat features separately. Hence, first we design a similarity measure between the context information to take word cooccurrences and phrase chunks around the features into account. Then we introduce the similarity of context information to the importance measure of the features to substitute the document and term frequency. Hence we propose new context similarity-based feature selection methods. Their performance is evaluated on two protein interaction article collections and compared against the frequency-based methods. The experimental results reveal that the context similarity-based methods perform better in terms of the F1 measure and the dimension reduction rate. Benefiting from the context information surrounding the features, the proposed methods can select distinctive features effectively for protein interaction article classification.

  7. Reproductive biology of Magnolia sinica (Magnoliaecea, a threatened species with extremely small populations in Yunnan, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ye Chen

    2016-10-01

    M. sinica is a self-compatible, pollinator-dependent species, and its fruit/seed set can be significantly increased by hand-pollination. No functional seed dispersers have been found in its extant natural habitats. These findings suggest that it may face both pollination and seed disperser insufficiencies in its current fragmented habitats, which may account for its low regeneration. Here we propose conservation strategies based on our findings.

  8. Antioxidant Activities of Caragana sinica Flower Extracts and Their Main Chemical Constituents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhi-Gang Tai

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available The edible flowers of Caragana sinica are used in China a kind of health-promoting vegetable. In this study, the antioxidant activities of its ethanol extract, as well as its petroleum ether, ethyl acetate, n-butanol and water fractions, were evaluated through in vitro model systems including the DPPH, FRAP and β-carotene bleaching methods. Among the C. sinica flower extracts the ethyl acetate fraction was the most effective. Correlation analysis suggested that flavonoids might be the major contributors to the high antioxidant activity of this flower. Six flavonoids including quercetin (1, isoquercitrin (2, rutin (3, quercetin-3′-O-methyl-3-O-α-L-rhamnopyranosyl (1→6-β-D-glucopyranoside (4, typhaneoside (5 and quercetin-3-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl(1→2[α-L-rhamnopyranosyl (1→6]-β-D-glucopyranoside (6, were isolated from this flower for the first time. Their contents were determined by a HPLC method. Compounds 3 and 4 were found to be the major flavonoids, with concentrations of 1.20 ± 0.07 and 3.94 ± 0.12 mg/g dry sample, respectively. These results demonstrated that the C. sinica flowers may be valuable natural antioxidant sources and are potentially applicable in the health food industry.

  9. The euonymus leaf-notcher, Pryeria sinica Moore (Lepidoptera: Zygaenidae) - alive and well in Fairfax County, Virginia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pryeria sinica Moore, a species native to the eastern Palearctic, was first detected in North America in 2001, where the conspicuous, gregariously-feeding larvae were noticed on ornamental Euonymous (Celastraceae) in a residential area of Fairfax County, Virginia. Although the species was moderatel...

  10. Neutron therapy facility at the Institute of High Energy Physics, Academia Sinica

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zhu, Y.C.

    1983-12-01

    The 10 MeV proton linac which was designed as preinjector for the Beijing 50 GeV Proton Synchrotron (BPS) was completed by the end of 1982. Because of the economic readjustment in the People's Republic of China the BPS project was cancelled. Then, the Institute of High Energy Physics decided to increase the energy of the linac from 10 MeV to 35.5 MeV. This increase will take place using the primary five megawatts RF system of the 10 MeV linac. This 35.5 MeV proton linac will be used for research in radiomedicine and radiobiology in general and in particular for research in fast neutron therapy and radiopharmaceutical production. This project has been approved by the Academia Sinica

  11. A System for Understanding and Selecting English-Language Articles for Advanced ESL Writers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robinson, Heather M.

    2010-01-01

    The use of definite and indefinite articles in English is well known to be a major point of difficulty for many nonnative English speakers. These difficulties prevail even when the speakers are fluent in most other aspects of English grammar and style. This article investigates the pedagogical and linguistic reasons why article use is such a…

  12. Selected articles translated from Jadernye Konstanty (Nuclear Constants) volumes 3-4, 1994

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1997-06-01

    This report contains translated articles on cross sections of (n,2n) and (p,n) reactions. An article on Testing of Neutron Cross-Section Files from the BROND-2 and ENDF/B-6 Libraries in Benchmark Experiments is also included. The last one deals with fission Cross-Sections at Incident Proton Energies above 70 Mev. cf. Refs, figs, tabs

  13. ORIGINAL ARTICLE ORI ORI Is selection for a registrar post in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    registrars in Radiology to determine whether selection for a registrar post in South Africa is defined by a ... experience are key criteria for the selection of registrars in South Africa. Gender equality is achieved in ... approximately 5 available positions (comparable to the trend in South. Africa). However, the South African ...

  14. The Impact of Density: The Importance of Nonlinearlity and Selection on Flight and Fight Responses: A Review Article

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    George H. Conklin

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available The article "The Impact of Density" by Wendy C. Regoeczi is reviewed as part of Sociation Today's effort to place focus on important articles relating to core social science concepts. The effects of density on human behavior may have been underreported in the past due to the non-linear relationship between density and crowding and the fact that people self select out of dense situations.

  15. Isospora mcquistioni and Isospora bioccai (Apicomplexa, Eimeriidae): two new coccidian parasites from Carduelis sinica (Passeriformes, Fringillidae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cringoli, G; Quesada, A

    1991-01-01

    The following two species are described from Carduelis sinica (Greenfinch) from Italy. The oocysts of Isospora mcquistioni n. sp. were 26.0 x 22.6 (24.0-28.5 x 20.0-24.2) microns and ovoid with a smooth bilayered wall. Neither micropyle nor oocyst residuum were observed. One polar granule was found. Sporocysts were oval, 18.1 x 11.4 (16.0-19.8 x 11.0-12.0) microns, and with a symmetrical Stieda complex. The residuum was compact and spherical. Isospora bioccai n. sp. oocysts were spherical to subspherical and 24.0 x 23.6 (22.0-26.0 x 21.0-25.8) microns. The oocyst wall was smooth and bilayered. A micropyle and oocyst residuum were absent; 4 to 10 elongate polar granules were present. Sporocysts were 19.5 x 11.6 (18.0-20.0 x 10.0-12.4) microns, ellipsoidal, and with a symmetrical Stieda complex. The sporocyst residuum was diffuse and composed of a few granules.

  16. Student Reviews of Selected Current Articles in Adolescent Psychology: Academics, Developmental Issues, Psychopathology, Sexual Behavior, Substance Abuse, and Suicide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gillis, H. Lee, Ed.; Sirmans, Amanda, Ed.

    Critical annotations of articles written in 1988 or 1989 and selected from "PSYCHSCAN: Clinical Psychology" are presented in this document. The annotations were written by college students in an undergraduate adolescent psychology class. The annotations are clustered under the following topics: (1) academics, including learning disabilities, sleep…

  17. IIE Bulletin: selected articles from 1998 issues of `Boletin iie`; Articulos selecccionados del Boletin iie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-12-31

    Boletin IIE, produced by the Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas in Mexico, is issued six times a year. Separate citations and abstracts have been prepared for individual articles in scope for the ETDE Energy database. [Espanol] El Boletin IIE es producido en Mexico por el Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas. Este se publica 6 veces al ano. Se han preparado citas y resumenes para articulos individuales dentro del alcance de la base de datos Energy del ETDE.

  18. Comparison of statistical methods, type of articles and study design used in selected Pakistani medical journals in 1998 and 2007.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rao, Masood Hussain; Khan, Nazeer

    2010-09-01

    To compare the statistical methods, types of article and design of studies used in 1998 and 2007 articles of leading indexed and non-indexed medical journals of Pakistan. Six leading medical journals of Pakistan: (1) JCPSP, (2) JPMA, (3) JAMC, (4) PJMS, (5) PJMR and (6) PAFMJ, were selected for this study. Articles reviewed were 1057 to achieve the above mentioned objective. The articles reviewed for 1998 and 2007 were 366 and 691, respectively. Original articles contributed the maximum percentage of 65.6%, followed by case reports with 24.8%. The contribution of case reports in 1998 was 20.5% which increased to 27.1% in 2007. There was no statistically significant difference between 'indexed' and 'non-indexed' journals for different type of statistical methods in 1998 or 2007. In total, 749 articles were categorized as 'original articles' or 'short communication'. Among them, 51% articles mentioned study design and 67.3% of them were correct for the respective methodology. In 1998, 202 (74%) articles did not use any statistics or indicated only descriptive statistics, while in 2007, 239 (50.2%) articles did the same. The reader who was familiar with t-test and contingency tables in 1998 could have understood 97.4% of the scientific articles. However, this percentage dropped to 83.0% in 2007. Quality of elaborating methods and usage of biostatistics in 6 leading Pakistani medical journals improved from 1998 to 2007, but has still to come up as compared to other western medical journals.

  19. Author-based journal selection system that helps authors save time in article submission.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozturk, Onur; Ileri, Fatih

    2018-01-01

    Submission to journals takes a lot of time and format related submission requirements vary greatly from one journal to another. Lack of time and motivation in academia reduces scientific outputs and demotivates researchers. Author-based journal selection system (ABJSS) is a platform for pooling manuscripts conceived to minimize the time spent for manuscript submission and to increase scientific output. The system will provide two types of account: "Author" and "Journal Administrator". Each account type will have its own abilities and permissions. The ABJJS system is an ongoing project that will be designed in cooperation with IT experts and academicians and it will be presented to the scientific world as soon as it secures sufficient support.

  20. Borrelia sinica sp. nov., a lyme disease-related Borrelia species isolated in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masuzawa, T; Takada, N; Kudeken, M; Fukui, T; Yano, Y; Ishiguro, F; Kawamura, Y; Imai, Y; Ezaki, T

    2001-09-01

    A survey was performed for Lyme disease borrelia in the southern part of China, in Zhejiang, Sichuan and Anhui provinces, along the Yangtze River valley, in May of 1997 and 1998. Twenty isolates from Ixodes granulatus, Ixodes ovatus, Apodemus agrarius and Niviventer confucianus were obtained. These isolates were characterized by RFLP of the 5S-23S rDNA intergenic spacer, sequence analysis of the intergenic spacer, 16S rDNA and flagellin gene, DNA-DNA hybridization analysis, SDS-PAGE and Western blotting with mAbs. Six isolates from A. agrarius, five from I. granulatus collected in Zhejiang province and one from N. confucianus in Sichuan province were highly similar to strains 10MT and 5MT isolated in Korea and classified as Borrelia valaisiana. Four isolates from A. agrarius and I. granulatus collected in Zhejiang province generated unique RFLP patterns and phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rDNA and flagellin gene sequences suggested that the isolates should be classified as B. valaisiana. Furthermore, three isolates (CMN1a, CNM2, CMN3T) from N. confucianus captured in Sichuan province and one (CWO1) from I. ovatus in Anhui province showed lower 165 rDNA sequence similarity (less than 99.0%) to sequences of previously described Lyme disease-related Borrelia species. DNA-DNA hybridization results revealed that strains CMN3T and CMN1a were clearly distinct from all other known Lyme disease Borrelia species. Electron microscope observation showed the spirochaetes to be morphologically similar to those of Borrelia, but the cells contained only four periplasmic flagella inserted at each end of the spirochaetes. Based on these results, a new Borrelia species, Borrelia sinica sp. nov., is proposed. Strain CMN3T is the type strain of this new species.

  1. Selective Exposure to Health Information: The Role of Headline Features in the Choice of Health Newsletter Articles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Hyun Suk; Forquer, Heather; Rusko, Joseph; Hornik, Robert C; Cappella, Joseph N

    2016-01-01

    This study investigated how content and context features of headlines drive selective exposure when choosing between headlines of a monthly e-mail health newsletter in a naturalistic setting over a period of nine months. Study participants received a monthly e-mail newsletter and could freely open it and click any headline to read the accompanying article. In each e-mail newsletter, nine headlines competed with each other for selection. Textual and visual information of the headlines was content-analyzed, and clickstream data on the headlines were collected automatically. The results showed that headlines invited more frequent audience selections when they provided efficacy-signaling information in an imperative voice, when they used a moderate number of negative emotion words, when they presented negative thumbnail images while mentioning cancer or other diseases, and when they were placed higher in position.

  2. A proposal for a process of selection, bibliometrics and sistemic review of articles on the supply chain performance evaluation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emílio Della Bruna Junior

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Supply Chain Management has been widely studied through scientific researches and publications, presenting well grounded concepts in both academic and business areas. Meanwhile, the topic of Performance Evaluation is newer and its concepts are still under consolidation. In this context, the paper aims to propose a process for selection and analysis of a portfolio of scientific articles on Supply Chain Performance Evaluation. To do this, it illustrates a process for searching and selecting articles from scientific databases and analyzes them through Bibliometrics and Systemic Review. As a result, a portfolio of 18 papers aligned to the research subject was obtained and the journals, authors and articles with higher academic relevance were identified. The Systemic Review, in turn, has highlighted the knowledge gaps of the evaluated papers and, from these, developed a research question and objective aiming to answer them. These latter will guide the continuity of this research. Finally, it is expected that the proposed process can be useful for researchers wishing to apply it to their research topics.

  3. Laser technology (selected articles)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-04-09

    This paper presents high-energy CW HF/DF chemical lasers developed under the U.S. Navy Sealite program and the Alpha program of the DARPA Triad program, and a brief account of Soviet chemical lasers. Continuous wave HF/DF chemical lasers were developed starting in the late sixties as high-power lasers of consistent interest to military circles. These are lasers that have the most matured technology among present-day high-energy lasers. It is hoped that in the near future CW HF/DF chemical lasers can be developed into a space laser weapon to deal with ICBMs. CW HF/DF chemical lasers are an integration of technologies in gas dynamics, chemistry, fluid chemistry, optics, and lasers. By using the branching chain reaction of heat liberation, inversion of the population ratio is generated to obtain lasers.

  4. Nature Journal (Selected Articles),

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-01-26

    in the basic disciplines of modern biology, physics and biophysics. 3. There will be ample scope for this special function in the field of bionics . It...is very suitable for measuring the temperature in locomotives and vessels. Shanghai No. 2 Automatic Instruments Factory Factoryaddress: 788 Hejian Road...philosophy, biology, bionics , biophysics, medicine and the theories of main and collateral channels in traditional Chinese medicine. Naturally, at present

  5. Antenna (Selected Articles),

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-11-04

    random layout of the antenna (i.e. ’I=O). It is apparent from the figure that in the region of optimal N, the quantities AN and a2 change slowly. With a...introducing phase distribution of the field along the antenna equal to Z2W we can, in the limits of small angles in the region 0o O0 at distance R0 (focal...Shifrin, Ya. S. "Question of the Effect of Fluctuations on the Diffraction Image of a Focusing System," Trudy ARTA No. 46, 1960. 4. Tatarskiy, V. I. Teoria

  6. Antenna (Selected Articles),

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-10-16

    to the edge of any corrector. For this either the beam guide must be sufficient to short ones, so that ray/beam does not manage still it will...express appreciation to professcr Ya. S. Shifrin for the management /manual of this work and V. I. Zamyatina for the participation in her discussion...branching of energy from the fundamantal circuit in the lateral (with the decoupling of arms on the order of 40 dB) is retained in the brcadband (+-20o/o

  7. Aeronautical Materials (Selected Articles),

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-03-13

    Ouyang Hui et-al [3] studied the influence of frequency on the da/dN of 30CrMnSiNi2A steel. The employed frequencies were 20cpm (0.33Hz), 800cpm...3] Ouyang Hui et al, The Influence of Frequency on the Crack Propagation Rate of 30CrMnSiNi2A Steel, Internal Materials, Beijing Institute of...1 572326 1 -16623 X 10-- 15-6.0391 8123 64606 14006J 4 2 YH -401N**.j4 1/10 0U468X 10-’ 5.85880 1.914 t.OBxo& 110.40641 00060 67768 1307101 -3.83 YB

  8. International Aviation (Selected Articles),

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-06-29

    The Thermo- electrical Reaction with Cu in Millivolts/C ° , 8. Tensile 2 2 Strength in kg/cm 2 , 9. Microhardness in kg/cm , 10. Modulus of 2 Elasticity...the structural strenght , elasticity and useful life of instru- ment componets. With gold-based alloys it is possible to manu- facture extremely fine...cobalt to make it easier to magnetize. Of course, the components of this type of metallic glass are not the same as those of ordinary steel . The amount of

  9. Laser Journal (Selected Articles),

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-09-10

    chronic -33- "ś 7, laryngitis, vocal chord nodule etc, and obtained good results. TREATMENT OF CHRONIC LARYNGITIS WITH HeNe LASER OPTICAL FIBRE Lu Junan...decrease, and excessive menstruation. OBSERVATION ON THE EFFECT OF YAG LASER OPTICAL NEEDLE UPON CANINE VOCAL CHORD AND TONGUE TISSUE Laser Medicine...Research Laboratory, Shanghai Medical School Number 1 Irradiation of canine vocal chord and tongue tissue with a 1.06 micron YAG laser through an optical

  10. International Aviation (Selected Articles)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-04-25

    guests and thC-q f IDUSInESS! r-r and toUri *LtS 4.I GENERAL DESCRIPTIO0I17 The CFTRC currently enploys about 2000 engineeis and technii:, includinr...development of a modified version. The first stage of flight testing for this plane has already been completed. The flight testing, in both flight...completed many .LLiht Szting a.-eth’ds nd easurernent technology, as well a full serie-s of flyinoc test planes and surface simulation Eq:, .. en t , a

  11. SERIES ARTICLES

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    IAS Admin

    Inside Back Cover. Flowering Trees. (Credit: K Sankara Rao, IISc) ifference using CROs by Lissajous Method. Article-in-a-Box. John Dalton. S Natarajan. 2. Classroom. The Importance of. Selecting Suitable Com- ponents and Apparatus in Physics Laboratories. Vijay H Raybagkar. 76. Classics. On the Constitution of Bodies.

  12. The distribution of P-values in medical research articles suggested selective reporting associated with statistical significance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perneger, Thomas V; Combescure, Christophe

    2017-07-01

    Published P-values provide a window into the global enterprise of medical research. The aim of this study was to use the distribution of published P-values to estimate the relative frequencies of null and alternative hypotheses and to seek irregularities suggestive of publication bias. This cross-sectional study included P-values published in 120 medical research articles in 2016 (30 each from the BMJ, JAMA, Lancet, and New England Journal of Medicine). The observed distribution of P-values was compared with expected distributions under the null hypothesis (i.e., uniform between 0 and 1) and the alternative hypothesis (strictly decreasing from 0 to 1). P-values were categorized according to conventional levels of statistical significance and in one-percent intervals. Among 4,158 recorded P-values, 26.1% were highly significant (P journals are not a random sample of null and alternative hypotheses but that selective reporting is prevalent. In particular, significant results are about twice as likely to be reported as nonsignificant results. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  13. A Machine Learning Approach to Reducing the Work of Experts in Article Selection from Database: A Case Study for Regulatory Relations of S. cerevisiae Genes in MEDLINE.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Usuzaka; Sim; Tanaka; Matsuno; Miyano

    1998-01-01

    We consider the problem of selecting the articles of experts' interest from a literature database with the assistance of a machine learning system. For this purpose, we propose the rough reading strategy which combines the experts' knowledge with the machine learning system. For the articles converted through the rough reading strategy, we employ the learning system BONSAI and apply it for discovering rules which may reduce the work of experts in selecting the articles. Furthermore, we devise an algorithm which iterates the above procedure until almost all records of experts' interest are selected. Experimental results by using the articles from Cell show that almost all records of experts' interest are selected while reducing the works of experts drastically.

  14. Differential protein expression using proteomics from a crustacean brine shrimp (Artemia sinica) under CO2-driven seawater acidification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Xue-Jiao; Zheng, Chao-Qun; Wang, Yu-Wei; Meng, Chuang; Xie, Xiao-Lu; Liu, Hai-Peng

    2016-11-01

    Gradually increasing atmospheric CO 2 partial pressure (pCO 2 ) has caused an imbalance in carbonate chemistry and resulted in decreased seawater pH in marine ecosystems, termed seawater acidification. Anthropogenic seawater acidification is postulated to affect the physiology of many marine calcifying organisms. To understand the possible effects of seawater acidification on the proteomic responses of a marine crustacean brine shrimp (Artemia sinica) three groups of cysts were hatched and further raised in seawater at different pH levels (8.2 as control and 7.8 and 7.6 as acidification stress levels according to the predicted levels at the end of this century and next century, respectively) for 1, 7 and 14 days followed by examination of the protein expression changes via two-dimensional gel electrophoresis. Searches of protein databases revealed that 67 differential protein spots were altered due to lower pH level (7.6 and 7.8) stress in comparison to control groups (pH 8.2) by mass spectrometry. Generally, these differentially expressed proteins included the following: 1) metabolic process-related proteins involved in glycolysis and glucogenesis, nucleotide/amino acid/fatty acid metabolism, protein biosynthesis, DNA replication and apoptosis; 2) stress response-related proteins, such as peroxiredoxin, thioredoxin peroxidase, 70-kDa heat shock protein, Na/K ATPase, and ubiquinol-cytochrome c reductase; 3) immune defence-related proteins, such as prophenoloxidase and ferritin; 4) cytoskeletal-related proteins, such as myosin light chain, TCP1 subunit 2, tropomyosin and tubulin alpha chain; and 5) signal transduction-related proteins, such as phospholipase C-like protein, 14-3-3 zeta, translationally controlled tumour protein and RNA binding motif protein. Taken together, these data support the idea that CO 2 -driven seawater acidification may affect protein expression in the crustacean A. sinica and possibly also in other species that feed on brine shrimp in the

  15. How to Select Publisher for Open Access Book and Article ? Problem of Choice or What Author Must Know

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. Sergey Y. YURISH

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Open access (OA is entering steady into engineering sciences, and is now considered as an alternative to the traditional way of publishing monographs, proceedings, handbooks, textbooks, theses and articles. With the ever increasing number of open access publishers it is important to choose the right one. From one hand, a technical simplicity of creating books in pdf format and wide availability of Internet technologies caused many small, so-called “garage-based” publishers. From other hand, almost all established, well known traditional publishers report that it is increasingly difficult to find academic experts willing to review manuscripts, with informal methods such as web searches having to be used to find those to approach. This article is focused on the main requirements, such as quality, connection with learned, professional societies and subject associations, dissemination, print copies, etc. A check list for publisher estimation and example are given. This article will be useful for prospective authors as well as established citation indexes, lists, databases, catalogs, collectors and policemakers to help them to determinea reputated publishers for OA books and articles.

  16. Intentional introduction of Artemia sinica (Anostraca) in the high-altitude Tibetan lake Dangxiong Co: the new population and consequences for the environment and for humans

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jia, Qinxian; Anufriieva, Elena; Liu, Xifang; Kong, Fanjing; Shadrin, Nickolai

    2015-11-01

    The imbalance between supply and demand of Artemia cysts in China and around the world is increasing now. Salt lakes in Tibet may contribute to the solution of the problem. In Northern Tibet there are 26 saline lakes whose salinity and temperature may support Artemia survival at an altitude of 4 000-5 100 m. We found Artemia in 15 of these lakes. The saline lakes with Artemia populations mainly belong to the shallow basin lakes, and the majority of these lakes are small in area. The total area of lakes without Artemia is more than 1 000 km2. Lake Dangxiong Co (Co means lake in Tibet) was chosen for the intentional introduction of Artemia sinica. In 2004, 850 g of A. sinica cysts, originating from Qinghai, were introduced in the lake. Surveys in 2006-2014 showed that the average abundance of Artemia adults in the lake gradually increased from 20 ind./m3 in 2006 to 1950 ind./m3 in 2013. We assume that two subpopulations of A. sinica, separated by depth, may exist in the lake. The new Artemia population caused an increase in the number of species of phytoplankton and heterotrophic protozoa with a decrease of their total abundance. Water transparency also increased. Dominance in phytoplankton passed from cyanobacteria to diatoms. Changes occurred not only in the lake ecosystem; the number of water birds using the lakes also dramatically increased. Preliminary calculations showed that is it possible to harvest at least about 150 t cysts per year from the lake as well as 3.2 thousand tons of frozen or 350 t of dried biomass of adult Artemia.

  17. Comparative analysis of transcriptomes in aerial stems and roots of Ephedra sinica based on high-throughput mRNA sequencing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Taketo Okada

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Ephedra plants are taxonomically classified as gymnosperms, and are medicinally important as the botanical origin of crude drugs and as bioresources that contain pharmacologically active chemicals. Here we show a comparative analysis of the transcriptomes of aerial stems and roots of Ephedra sinica based on high-throughput mRNA sequencing by RNA-Seq. De novo assembly of short cDNA sequence reads generated 23,358, 13,373, and 28,579 contigs longer than 200 bases from aerial stems, roots, or both aerial stems and roots, respectively. The presumed functions encoded by these contig sequences were annotated by BLAST (blastx. Subsequently, these contigs were classified based on gene ontology slims, Enzyme Commission numbers, and the InterPro database. Furthermore, comparative gene expression analysis was performed between aerial stems and roots. These transcriptome analyses revealed differences and similarities between the transcriptomes of aerial stems and roots in E. sinica. Deep transcriptome sequencing of Ephedra should open the door to molecular biological studies based on the entire transcriptome, tissue- or organ-specific transcriptomes, or targeted genes of interest.

  18. Forthcoming Articles

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Since January 2016, the Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy has moved to Continuous Article Publishing (CAP) mode. This means that each accepted article is being published immediately online with DOI and article citation ID with starting page number 1. Articles are also visible in Web of Science immediately.

  19. Survey of Mechanics (Selected Articles),

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-04-11

    ith High Degree of Glass Beinforzement], Polimez-y, No. 11, 1978. 8. Zawistowki, H. and Frenkler, D. "Wybrane wlasnosci tworg~rw termo -plastycz... design ) is limited to thermosetting plastics epox-y, polyester resins) and does not allow one to utilize fine structural thermoplastics, for example

  20. Geodesy and Mapping (Selected Articles),

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979-08-16

    38.0 23.6 155 5.7 Gre* (- ) 3 19650309 393 23.8 38 5.7 Morz EFpjskie (5) 4 03 31 38.4 22.3 45 6.3 Grecia (’) 5 0409 35.1 24.3 39 5.9 Krgta () 6 0706...38.4 22.4 1 5.8 Grecjo C) 7 9660205 39.1 21.7 16 5.6 Grecia C) a 1029 38.9 21.1 1 5.8 Grecia (N) 9 196701209 39.9 20.3 1 S.6 AlbaniA C?) 10 0304 39.2...4) 1 9 0917 󈧪.4 20.3 33 5.6 Grecia (4’) 20 0913 38.0 22.4 75 5.8 Grecis ( 4j 11.04 38.9 20.5 13 5.6 Grecja e4) 22 11 29 35.2 23.1 37 5.6 Kreta C

  1. ORIGINAL ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ORIGINAL ARTICLES. PREVALENCE OF ANDROGENIC-. ANABOLIC STEROID USE IN. ADOLESCENTS IN TWO REGIONS. OF SOUTH AFRICA. Michael I lambert, Steven D Titlestad, Martin P Schwellnus. Objective. To determine the prevalence of androgenic- anabolic steroid (AAS) use among schoolchildren in two.

  2. SERIES ARTICLES

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    ensis fruit. 4. SERIES ARTICLES. Evolution of the Atmosphere and Oceans: Evidence from Geological Records. Evolution of the Early Atmosphere. P V Sukumaran. 11 Electrostatics in Chemistry. Electrostatic Models for Weak Molecular ...

  3. SERIES ARTICLES

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    IAS Admin

    347 Impact of Theoretical Chemistry on Chemical and. Biological Sciences. Chemistry Nobel Prize – 2013. Saraswathi Vishveshwara. SERIES ARTICLES. 368 Ecology: From Individuals to Collectives. A Physicist's Perspective on Ecology. Vishwesha Guttal. 310. 368 ...

  4. ORIGINAL ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Objective. To determine blood lead levels among children attending schools in selected Cape Peninsula suburbs, and to assess the impact of a reduction in the lead content of petrol. Design. A cross-sectional analytical study of children's blood lead levels and associated risk factors. Setting. Selected inner city, suburban, ...

  5. Laminate article

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Robert K.; Paranthaman, Mariappan; Chirayil, Thomas G.; Lee, Dominic F.; Goyal, Amit; Feenstra, Roeland

    2002-01-01

    A laminate article comprises a substrate and a biaxially textured (RE.sub.x A.sub.(1-x)).sub.2 O.sub.2-(x/2) buffer layer over the substrate, wherein 0article can include a layer of YBCO over the (RE.sub.x A.sub.(1-x)).sub.2 O.sub.2-(x/2) buffer layer. A layer of CeO.sub.2 between the YBCO layer and the (RE.sub.x A.sub.(1-x)).sub.2 O.sub.2-(x/2) buffer layer can also be include. Further included can be a layer of YSZ between the CeO.sub.2 layer and the (RE.sub.x A.sub.(1-x)).sub.2 O.sub.2-(x/2) buffer layer. The substrate can be a biaxially textured metal, such as nickel. A method of forming the laminate article is also disclosed.

  6. ORIGINAL ARTICLE

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    User

    HIV/AIDS) were not selected. ... 400 Precision, Memmert, Germany). Identification and Counting of Bacterial Iso- lates. Bacterial ..... policy implications for home management strate- gies. Acta Trop 90, 211-214. Musa-Aisien A., Ibadin M., Ukoh G.

  7. Review article

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Karsdal, Morten Asser; Krarup, H; Sand, J M B

    2014-01-01

    and to facilitate improved drug development. The aim of this article was to review the serological biomarkers that may assist in early diagnosis of patients, separate fast from slow- or nonprogressors, and possibly assist in drug development for fibroproliferative diseases, exemplified by liver fibrosis. The lack...... of success of biochemical markers and the possible reasons for this is discussed in the context of other fields with biomarker success. METHOD: This is a personal opinion review article. RESULTS: Biochemical markers, originating from the fibrotic structure, may have increased specificity and sensitivity...

  8. ORIGINAL ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ORIGINAL ARTICLES. FIREARM-RELATED INJURIES AND. DEATHS AMONG CHILDREN AND. ADOLESCENTS IN CAPE TOWN -. 1992 -1996. Alyssa Wigton. Objective. To determ.i.lle the epidemiological profile of fireann- related injuries among children and adolescents in Cape. Town during recent years in order to ...

  9. ORIGINAL ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ORIGINAL ARTICLES. References. 1. UNAIDS. Report on the Global HTV/AIDS Epidemic. Geneva: June 2000. 2. Connor E..\\1, Sperling RS, Gelber R. et al. Reduction of maternal-infant transmission of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 with zidovu dine treatment. N Eng! J Med 1994; 331:1173-1180. 3. Undegren ML ...

  10. ORIGINAL ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ORIGINAL ARTICLES. PEAK RATES OF DIURESIS IN. HEALTHY HUMANS DURING ORAL. FLUID OVERLOAD. Timothy D Noakes, Gary Wilson, David A Gray,. Michael I Lambert, Steven C Dennis. Objective. To determine whether rates of intestinal fluid absorption and renal diuresis can match high rates of fluid ingestion ...

  11. ORIGINAL ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ORIGINAL ARTICLES. CRITICAL CARE FOCUS. AETIOLOGY AND OUTCOME OF. SEVERE COMMUNITY-ACQUIRED. PNEUMONIA IN CHILDREN. ADMITTED TO A PAEDIATRIC. INTENSIVE CARE UNIT. S D Delport, T Brisley. Objective. To determine the aetiological agents and outcome of severe community-acquired ...

  12. ORIGINAL ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ORIGINAL ARTICLES. UNPAID COMMUNITY. VOLUNTEERS - EFFECTIVE. PROVIDERS OF DIRECTLY. OBSERVED THERAPY (DOT) IN. RURAL SOUTH AFRICA. R D Barker, F J C Millard, M E Nthangeni. Objective. To il).ustrate successes and difficulties for the South. African National Tuberculosis Progranune in a ...

  13. ORIGINAL ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ORIGINAL ARTICLES. Dual protection in sexually active women. Immo Kleinschmidt, Baker Ndugga Maggwa, Jennifer Smit,Mags E Beksinska, Helen Rees. Objective. To determine the prevalence and co-factors associated with the practice of dual protection against sexually transmitted infections (STis) and unwanted.

  14. ORIGINAL ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ORIGINAL ARTICLES. EARLY DIAGNOSIS OF PROSTATE. CANCER IN THE WESTERN CAPE. C F Heyns, AM Naude, A J Visser, D C Marais,. H B Stopforth, J K Nyarko, G A Stellmacher. Background. Early stage prostate cancer does not cause symptoms, and even metastatic disease may exist for years without causing ...

  15. ORIGINAL ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ORIGINAL ARTICLES. Nutritional variation and cardiovascular risk factors in. Tanzania - rural-urban difference. Marina Njelekela, Toshiaki Sato, Yasuo Nara, Tomohiro Miki, Sachiko Kuga, Takanori Noguchi, Torno Kanda, Masashi Yamori,. Josiah Ntogwisangu, Zablon Masesa, Yohana Mashalla, Jacob Mtabaji, Yukio ...

  16. ORIGINAL ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ORIGINAL ARTICLES. Formative assessment promotes learning in undergraduate clinical clerkships. V C Burch, J L Seggie, N E Gary. Introduction. Clinical clerkships, typically situated in environments lacking educational structure, form the backbone of undergraduate medical training. The imperative to develop strategies ...

  17. ORIGINAL ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ORIGINAL ARTICLES c(~rvical spine injury outcome- a review of 101 cases treated in a tertiary referral unit. K Friielingsdorf, R N Dunn. Cervical spinal cord injury (SCI) is a devastating event for the patient and family. It has a huge impact on society because of the intensive resources required to manage the patient in both.

  18. ORIGINAL ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ORIGINAL ARTICLES. OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE OF. INTERNS TO BLOOD IN AN AREA. OF HIGH HIV SEROPREVALENCE. A S Karstaedt, L Pantanowitz. Objective. To determine the epidemiology of work-related exposure to blood among interns. Design. Interns were invited to complete anonymously a questionnaire ...

  19. ORIGINAL ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ORIGINAL ARTICLES. HISTORY OF MEDICINE. ELIM HOSPITAL - THE FIRST 100. YEARS. Part 2. C F van der Merwe. THE JAQUES ERA. The year 1957 saw the arrival of another giant in the history of. Elim Hospital. During this year Dr Pierre Jaques returned from postgraduate work in the UK. This son of the North was.

  20. ORIGINAL ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ORIGINAL ARTICLES. References. 1. Raftery J. Mental health services in transition: the United States and the United Kingdom. Br. J Psychiatry 1992; 161: 589-593. 2. Sainsbury Centre for Mental Health. The Mental Health Services Workforce: Present and Future. A Report for the NHS Executive. London: The Sainsbury ...

  1. ORIGINAL ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ORIGINAL ARTICLES. NUTRITIONAL STATUS AND. DENTAL CARIES IN A LARGE. SAMPLE OF 4- AND 5-YEAR-OLD. SOUTH AFRICAN CHILDREN. Peter Cleaton-Jones, Barbara D Richardson, Lars Granath,. L raul Fatti, Ruth SinweU, Alexander R Walker, Mirriam. Mogotsi. Background. Evidence from studies involving ...

  2. ORIGINAL ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ORIGINAL ARTICLES. WHAT IS THE INFANT MORTALITY. RATE IN SOUTH AFRICA? THE NEED FOR IMPROVED DATA. Nadine Nannan, Debbie Bradshaw, Robert Mazur, Sim.phiwe. Maphumulo. Objectives. To review recent infant mortality and birth registration data in South Africa and to investigate geographical ...

  3. ORIGINAL ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    1997-06-17

    Jun 17, 1997 ... Steve Reid and Janet Giddy are two family physicians who worked from 1986 to 1995 at Bethesda Hospital in Ubombo,. Northern KwaZulu-Nata!. This article, which has been adapted from their submission to the Truth and Reconciliation. Commission (TRC) Health Sector Hearings on 17 June 1997,.

  4. Research Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2017-01-01

    Jan 1, 2017 ... the atomic level and to the experimental data. The purpose of this article is to fill this gap and to provide a more detailed and well-grounded substantial model of the photon. We will do it based on the theory of infinite nesting of matter and the substantial model of the electron [9]. We will start with considering ...

  5. Research Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-06-11

    Jun 11, 2016 ... n this article we try to explain the usage of tie-and-strut method a g this method in design of ... economical usage and ability to using them repeatedly (formwork system), the possibility of using the larger .... connecting regions have sufficient plastic deformation capacity, understanding of its behaviour will be ...

  6. Review Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Evert

    Vast hiatuses therefore exist in the South African historiography surrounding the First World. War and the role played by Union troops in it.4 This article reports on a review of the military archival holdings of the Documentation Centre in the light of these hiatuses. Deneys Reitz (1882–1944), third son of a former president of ...

  7. ORIGINAL ARTICLE

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    boaz

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE. AFRICAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY MAY 2017 ISBN 1595-689X VOL18 No. 2 ... aquaculture in particular is of great concern to environmental and public health. In Nigeria, regulation ..... Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, 7 (2): 66-71. 29. Adebowale O.O ...

  8. Original Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Administratör

    Stroke in Palestine www.ljm.org.ly. Libyan J Med, AOP: 080920. Page 39. Original Article. Characterization of Hospitalized Ischemic Stroke Patients in. Palestine. Sawalha AF ... Key words: Ischemic stroke, Risk factors, In-hospital mortality, Palestine. ABSTRACT .... stroke in young patients seems to vary between different ...

  9. Research Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-06-25

    Jun 25, 2016 ... This article aims at evaluating the fun oftware which are employed for approximate solution in optimization been produced least squares by usual methods for linear and non enetic algorithm in this research. t Squares, Genetic Algorithm, Linear Model, Nonlinear Model, S dence, e-mail: c.author@mail.com.

  10. SERIES ARTICLES

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    T Padmanabhan. GENERAL ARTICLES. 441 Bernoulli Runs Using 'Book Cricket' to Evaluate. Cricketers. Anand Ramalingam. 454 Wilhelm Ostwald, the Father of Physical Chemistry. Deepika Janakiraman. 468 How Many Equivalent Resistances? Sameen Ahmed Khan. 476 Multiplication: From Thales to Lie. P H Keskar.

  11. SERIES ARTICLES

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    IAS Admin

    Tanya Kaushal Srivastava. 1086 Stochastic Approximation. Vivek S Borkar. 1095 False Discovery Rates and Multiple Testing. Soumen Dey and Mohan Delampady. SERIES ARTICLES. 1110 Challenges in the Quest for Clean Energies. Other Renewable Resources and Conclusion. Sheela K Ramasesha. 1095. 1110.

  12. SERIES ARTICLES

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    304 Dawn of Science. The Copernican Revolution. T Padmanabhan. GENERAL ARTICLES. 310 Mach's Principle. J V Narlikar. 322 Robert Dicke and Atomic Physics. Vasant Natarajan. 333 Decoding Non-Coding DNA: Trash or Treasure? Namrata Iyer. 341 Weierstrass's Theorem – Leaving no 'Stone' Unturned. B Sury.

  13. SERIES ARTICLES

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    This is the recent image of the microwave background and a 'shadow' (in bright colours) cast by a nearby galaxy cluster, as predicted in. 1969 by Zeldovich and his student Sunyaev. (refer to the article on p.428). Image courtesy: European Space Agency. Ya B Zeldovich. (1914–1987). ( Illustration: Subhankar Biswas ).

  14. ORIGINAL ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ORIGINAL ARTICLES failure, breath-holding spells and even strokeY The decreased attention span and learning associated with iron deficiency may have adverse effects on cognitive and psychomotor development.'-' Furthermore, appropriate treatment of iron deficiency is effective and safe, It would therefore seem worth.

  15. REVIEW ARTICLE

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    User

    To conduct this review, we searched for relevant articles indexed in certain databases such as PubMed, Scopus, Islamic ... disorder characterized by disproportionate amount of urine excreted while asleep (Farhat et al., 2000). ... reported to be the causes of this disorder (Behrman. E.R, 2007). Nocturnal enuresis in children ...

  16. SERIES ARTICLES

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    RESONANCE | June 2011. Resonance journal of science education. June 2011 Volume 16 Number 6. GENERAL ARTICLES. 504 D D Kosambi: The Scholar ... 551 Early Indian History and the Legacy of D D Kosambi. Romila Thapar. Source: http://www.arvindguptatoys. com/arvindgupta/ddknumis- matics.pdf. Punch Mark.

  17. Research Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-06-18

    Jun 18, 2016 ... Research Article. Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0. International ... and breakthrough for human not only in some location and for some year rather for the ... they are used for the new source for building a new structure.

  18. SERIES ARTICLES

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    From Euclid to Soccer if is ... A R Rao. Chemical Research of Sir Prafulla Chandra Ray. Sreebrata Goswami and Samaresh Bhattacharya. Acharya Prafulla Chandra at the College of Science. Gurunath Mukherjee. FEATURE ARTICLES. 54 Nature Watch. Engimatic Bamboos. C K John and Rajani 5 Nadgauda.

  19. ORIGINAL ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    remarkable history. The aim of this article is to share with the reader some of the events that led to the establishment of this institution and to recount the achievements of its staff through more than 100 years of history. ... The remarkable story of their arrival in .... longer seen as role models and they had to change their policy,.

  20. Research Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-06-13

    Jun 13, 2016 ... emerging drug-resistant pathogens in research programme around the world. This article reviews the .... classes are as follows: a) ß-Lactams (Penicillins, Cephalosporins, Monobactams and Carbapenems) .... Vancomycin Resistant Enterococci (VRE), Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Candida albicans, etc.

  1. REVIEW ARTICLE

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    The article is aimed to review the impact of endogenous and exogenous factors on a mechanistic pathway of organophosphate pesticide biotransformation and various risk associated with it among the human population. Understanding the genetic polymorphism of genes involved in pesticide metabolism and highlighting ...

  2. Review Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2012-09-15

    Sep 15, 2012 ... Effects of Cheating on Accurate Assessment. Deepika Nelson, Julia Devardhi and Abdulaziz Dino. School of Foreign Language Studies, Main Campus, Post Box No: 53, Haramaya University, Ethiopia. Abstract. Article Information. In the view of Boud and Falchikov (2006) assessment has the clear purpose ...

  3. Download article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    user

    tions made in this article about outer texts in an electronic sign language dictionary serve as part of a complete concept model suggested specifically for the De la Bat School for the Deaf in Worcester,. South Africa (Fourie 2013). The purpose of the proposed dictionary is to give the learners of the De la Bat School electronic ...

  4. ORIGINAL ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ORIGINAL ARTICLES. Paediatric immunity. The immaturity of the infant immune system is demonstrated by the increased susceptibility of children to infections by both viral and bacterial pathogens. The humoral arm of the immune system is underdeveloped and differs greatly from that of adults. Infants only develop the ...

  5. RESEARCH ARTICLE

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    USER

    RESEARCH ARTICLE. Loss of smooth muscle myosin heavy chain results in the bladder and stomach developing lesion during mouse fetal development in mice. Running title. Bladder and stomach lesion without SM-MHC. MEIJUAN LI, SHILI LI, YU RAO, SHENG CUI, KEMIAN GOU*. State Key Laboratory of ...

  6. RESEARCH ARTICLE

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Navya

    RESEARCH ARTICLE. Expression analysis of Argonaute, Dicer-like and .... provided a foundation for future functional genomics studies of transcriptional silencing-associated gene families in ..... developmental and stress responses, antiviral immune responses and chromatin structure. These genes can affect the growth, ...

  7. Research Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SAMSUNG

    2016-06-05

    Jun 5, 2016 ... for civil engineers (in terms of gravity and lateral load) in developed countries. Despite the relatively significant growth of LSF structures during the last decade in our country, the studies in this field have been still done neither in our country nor in abroad. In this article, we try to study LSF structures from the ...

  8. Review Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2007-12-02

    Dec 2, 2007 ... Introduction. What prompted this review article is because of the wrong notion that the only standard abdominal incision is the midline incision. Cases have been seen in which an abdominal incision extends from the xyphoid process to the symphysis pubis just to remove a perforated appendix! The reason ...

  9. Original Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2010 May;3(2):25-9. Original Article. AJNT. Abstract. Introduction: Several reports described an association between type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) and chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Chronic HCV infection is prevalent in Egypt. The present work aimed to evaluate the prevalence of proteinuria and neuropathy.

  10. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    pc

    2017-11-10

    Nov 10, 2017 ... There are numerous articles composed by researchers on the selection of a model from a repository of models in machine learning techniques. The majority of the articles have distinctive experimental strategies and a diverse range of study from others. The main measures utilized for accuracy evaluation, ...

  11. Protective articles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wardley, R.B.

    1983-01-01

    This patent specification describes an article affording protection against radiation, and especially against X-rays comprising at least one flexible layer of lead filled material in an envelope of, or sandwiched between two layers of a knitted, woven or non-woven fabric preferably of synthetic fibrous material, carrying on its outer surface a coating of flexible polyurethane. The outer fabric provides a resilient, extremely tough and cut resistant covering for the relatively soft lead filled material. (author)

  12. Research Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2017-01-01

    Jan 1, 2017 ... minimize a cost function defined as the quadratic sum of the differences between the capacitors voltages and their reference values [29]. Thanks to an appropriate selection of the redundant vectors this function can be minimized to zero and the capacitors voltages will be kept at their reference values [29].

  13. Review article

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Perner, A; Rask-Madsen, J

    1999-01-01

    of experi mental colitis in 'knock-out' mice deficient in iNOS. Selective inhibitors of iNOS activity, as well as topical L-arginine, may therefore prove beneficial in inflammatory bowel disease by reducing the production of superoxide by iNOS, while only the former option may be expected to reduce...

  14. Original Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Sarra

    Methods: This is a retrospective study of 300 CKD patients in stages 2Y4, that were randomly selected from patients who were on regular follow up in Sheffield. Kidney Institute (SKI), Sheffield, UK, up to June 2007. Patients whose estimated glomerular filtration rate (GFR) declined by more than 1 ml/min/year according to the.

  15. Research Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-06-17

    Jun 17, 2016 ... Undoubtedly, doctors must select the appropriate imaging method by taking all this into account (Wieners & Detert,. 2007). Due to the fact that the scientific community has paid a particular attention to explore new ways to reduce the imaging time and increase the quality of magnetic resonance imaging in.

  16. Research Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2017-05-01

    May 1, 2017 ... selection of the model depends on the watershed and the objective of the hydrological forecast in the watershed. ..... establish the IDF curves based on extreme value, in order to evaluate the watershed reaction ..... [28] USGS, Estimating Basin Lagtime and Hydrograph-Timing Indexes Used to Characterize.

  17. Forthcoming Articles

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    NPadmaja

    2018-03-07

    Mar 7, 2018 ... NiFe2O4 nanoparticles decorated activated carbon nanocomposite based electrochemical sensor for selective detection of dopamine in presence of uric acid and ascorbic acid. Sivasubramanian. R rss@psgias.ac.in. PSG College of. Technology,. Coimbatore. 10 - Dec. 4. 2. 8. February. Published. Online.

  18. Research Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-06-18

    Jun 18, 2016 ... recognition works, multilayer neural network has been used for events classification. The. STFT and Discrete Wavelet Transform are used for feature extraction. Acquired features of this step are decreased using advance algorithm of feature selection. Then these extracted features were given to the neural ...

  19. ORIGINAL ARTICLE

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    number of MTB strain is less than 39,062,500 and. 4,444,444,444 with selective effect to INH and RIF ..... random generated cycles was used as the empirical data to further assess the simulated results of the ... Basically, the process is a form of pseudo sampling from the original dataset to determine the variability.

  20. Research Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-06-13

    Jun 13, 2016 ... various aspects of social, economic, technological, etc., today, with the increasing development of knowledge ... the long history of its use in human life has not much experience in academia environments as an .... environment in different ways throughout the entire life cycle stages include selection of raw.

  1. The Potential Roles of the G1LEA and G3LEA Proteins in Early Embryo Development and in Response to Low Temperature and High Salinity in Artemia sinica.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wei Zhao

    Full Text Available Late embryogenesis abundant proteins (LEA are stress resistance-related proteins that play crucial roles in protecting against desiccation, cold and high salinity in a variety of animals and plants. However, the expression pattern, distribution and functions of LEA proteins in the post-diapause period of Artemia sinica, and under high salinity and low temperature stresses, remain unknown. In this study, the complete cDNA sequences of the group 1 LEA (As-g1lea and group 3 LEA (As-g3lea genes from A. sinica were cloned. The expression patterns and location of As-G1LEA and As-G1LEA were investigated. The protein abundances of As-G1LEA, As-G3LEA and Trehalase were analyzed during different developmental stages of the embryo and under low temperature and high salinity stresses in A. sinica. The full-length cDNA of As-g1lea was 960 bp, encoding a 182 amino acid protein, and As-g3lea was 2089 bp, encoding a 364 amino acid protein. As-g1lea and As-g3lea showed their highest expressions at 0 h of embryonic development and both showed higher relative expression in embryonic, rather than adult, development stages. The abundances of As-G1LEA, As-G3LEA and trehalose were upregulated under low temperature and downregulated under high salinity stress. These two genes did not show any tissue or organ specific expression. Our results suggested that these LEA proteins might play a pivotal role in stress tolerance in A. sinica.

  2. Screening for in vivo (anti)estrogenic activity of ephedrine and p-synephrine and their natural sources Ephedra sinica Stapf. (Ephedraceae) and Citrus aurantium L. (Rutaceae) in rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arbo, Marcelo Dutra; Franco, Márcia Toniolo; Larentis, Elisa Rupp; Garcia, Solange Cristina; Sebben, Viviane Cristina; Leal, Mirna Bainy; Dallegrave, Eliane; Limberger, Renata Pereira

    2009-01-01

    Formulations containing Ephedra sinica Stapf. (Ephedraceae) and Citrus aurantium L. (Rutaceae) are consumed worldwide for body weight control. Considering the related adverse effects and the risk potential, the aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of the thermogenic compounds ephedrine, p-sinephrine, E. sinica and C. aurantium in the female reproductive system through the uterotrophic assay in immature female rats. The animals (n = 6-7) received E. sinica 85.5 and 855.0 mg/kg/day, C. aurantium 25.0 and 50.0 mg/kg/day, ephedrine 5.0 mg/kg/day and p-synephrine 50.0 mg/kg/day for three consecutive days by oral gavage. For detection of antiestrogenicity, tamoxifen 20.0 mg/kg/day, E. sinica 855.0 mg/kg/day, C. aurantium 50.0 mg/kg/day, ephedrine 5.0 mg/kg/day and p-synephrine 50.0 mg/kg/day were administered to estrogen-treated females. Macroscopical alterations were evaluated in liver, kidneys, adrenals and uterus. All analyzed substances showed an antiestrogenic potential, but only ephedrine at 0.5 mg/kg/day presented a significative antiestrogenic effect (P < 0.01). Adrenals relative mass were reduced (P < 0.01) in all tested compounds when compared to the control, which seems to be related to the alfa-1-adrenoceptor agonist activity, which promote a vasoconstriction and reduction of the liquid in the organ. The endocrine system is highly complex and there are a number of ways in which a chemical may interfere with it, other in vivo and in vitro assays are being necessary to support this mechanism of action.

  3. ORIGINAL ARTICLE

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    poor tuberculosis treatment outcomes ... expression levels of six select efflux pumps associated with drug tolerance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis and its ..... 1mg/L EtBr + Buffer (Control). Treatment failures (non-MDR). Treatment successes. 0. 10. 20. 30. 40. 0.6. 0.7. 0.8. 0.9. 1.0. Time / minutes. R e la ti v e. F lu o re s c e n.

  4. Effect of herbal Ephedra sinica and Evodia rutaecarpa on body composition and resting metabolic rate: a randomized, double-blind clinical trial in Korean premenopausal women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Ho-Jun; Park, Jung-Mi; Kim, Jin-Ah; Ko, Byeong-Pyo

    2008-12-01

    As obesity is becoming an epidemic, diet programs, including low-calorie diets, are continuously being developed. It is generally believed that a low-calorie diet is commonly followed by a resting metabolic rate decrease and ultimate weight regain. Ephedra sinica and evodia rutaecarpa are known to have sympathomimetic and anti-obesity effects. This study was a prospective; double-blinded, randomized and placebo-controlled clinical trial to evaluate the effects of ephedra sinica and evodia rutaecarpa on resting metabolic rate (RMR), body composition and short-term safety in obese Korean premenopausal women on a low-calorie diet. One hundred and twenty-five otherwise healthy obese women (body mass index > or =25 kg/m(2)) were recruited and randomly assigned to three groups: ephedra group (n = 41), evodia group (n = 45) and placebo group (n = 39). Subjects were administered ephedra extract in capsules (pseudo-ephedrine 31.52 mg) or evodia extract in capsules (evodiamine 6.75 mg, rutaecarpine 0.66 mg) or placebo capsules as well as participating in a low-calorie diet for 8 weeks. Resting metabolic rate and body composition were measured at baseline, 4 and 8 weeks. Basic serum tests were performed to evaluate the short-term safety and lipid-lowering effects of the herbs. All three groups showed significant body mass index (BMI) decreases, probably due to the low-calorie diet. Among the groups, the most prominent BMI-reducing effect was seen in the ephedra group. In RMR, no significant change in any group or significant difference among the groups was found. No significant adverse effects were observed in serum tests or in the self-questionnaire. Ephedra combined with a low-calorie diet was effective in reducing BMI. RMR change was not compensated for by the herbal medicines tried. RMR change seemed to be affected by constitution and body composition rather than by medicine. Ephedra and evodia were proven to be safe for short-term use in the herbal form.

  5. Communications article

    KAUST Repository

    Fariborzi, Hossein

    2017-07-20

    Seamless, covert communications using a communications system integrated or incorporated within an article of clothing is described. In one embodiment, the communications system is integrated or incorporated into a shoe insole and includes a haptic feedback mechanism, a communications module, a flexible pressure sensor, and a battery. The communications module includes a wireless communications module for wireless communications, a wired interface for wired communications, a microcontroller, and a battery charge controller. The flexible pressure sensor can be actuated by an individual\\'s toe, for example, and communication between two communications nodes can be achieved using coded signals sent by individuals using a combination of long and short presses on the pressure sensor. In response to the presses, wireless communications modules can transmit and receive coded signals based on the presses.

  6. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    pc

    2017-08-08

    Aug 8, 2017 ... to select the analogues of materials for the manufacture of products with special properties. The technical ... The aim of this article is to investigate the technological and mechanical properties of GH304. T14992-1994 (the ... The tests were carried out with the automated compilation of protocols. The test ...

  7. Genetic analysis of a divergent selection for resistance to Rous sarcomas in chickens†. This article is dedicated to the memory of Pierrick Thoraval (1960–2000.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dambrine Ginette

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Selection for disease resistance related traits is a tool of choice for evidencing and exploring genetic variability and studying underlying resistance mechanisms. In this framework, chickens originating from a base population, homozygote for the B19 major histocompatibility complex (MHC were divergently selected for either progression or regression of tumors induced at 4 weeks of age by a SR-D strain of Rous sarcoma virus (RSV. The first generation of selection was based on a progeny test and subsequent selections were performed on full-sibs. Data of 18 generations including a total of 2010 birds measured were analyzed for the tumor profile index (TPI, a synthetic criterion of resistance derived from recording the volume of the tumors and mortality. Response to selection and heritability of TPI were estimated using a restricted maximum likelihood method with an animal model. Significant progress was shown in both directions: the lines differing significantly for TPI and mortality becoming null in the "regressor" line. Heritability of TPI was estimated as 0.49 ± 0.05 and 0.53 ± 0.06 within the progressor and regressor lines respectively, and 0.46 ± 0.03 when estimated over lines. Preliminary results showed within the progressor line a possible association between one Rfp-Y type and the growth of tumors.

  8. Short- and long-term effects of selective dorsal rhizotomy on gross motor function in ambulatory children with spastic diplegia Clinical article

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Schie, P.E.M.; Schothorst, M.; Dallmeijer, A.J.; Vermeulen, R.J.; van Ouwerkerk, W.J.R.; Strijers, R.L.M.; Becher, J.G.

    2011-01-01

    Object. The primary aim of this prospective cohort study was to evaluate the short-term (1 year) and long-term (mean 6 years) effects of selective dorsal rhizotomy (SDR) on gross motor function and spasticity in ambulatory children with spastic diplegia. Secondary aims were to investigate side

  9. Selected Legal Challenges Relating to the Military use of Outer Space, with Specific Reference to Article IV of the Outer Space Treaty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anél Ferreira-Snyman

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Since the end of the Second World War the potential use of outer space for military purposes persisted to be intrinsically linked to the development of space technology and space flight. The launch of the first artificial satellite, Sputnik 1, by the USSR in 1957 made Western states realise that a surprise attack from space was a real possibility, resulting in the so-called "space-race" between the USA and the USSR. During the Cold War space activities were intrinsically linked to the political objectives, priorities and national security concerns of the USA and the Soviet Union. After the Cold War the political relevance and benefits of space continued to be recognised by states. In view of the recent emergence of new major space powers such as China, the focus has again shifted to the military use of outer space and the potential that a state with advanced space technology may use it for military purposes in order to dominate other states. Article IV of the Outer Space Treaty prohibits the installation of nuclear weapons and weapons of mass destruction in outer space and determines that the moon and other celestial bodies shall be used for peaceful purposes only. Due to the dual-use character of many space assets, the distinction between military and non-military uses of outer space is becoming increasingly blurred. This article discusses a number of legal challenges presented by article IV of the Outer Space Treaty, relating specifically to the term peaceful, the distinction between the terms militarisation and weaponisation and the nature of a space weapon. It is concluded that article IV is in many respects outdated and that it cannot address the current legal issues relating to the military use of outer space. The legal vacuum in this area may have grave consequences not only for maintaining peace and security in outer space, but also on earth. Consequently, an international dialogue on the military uses of outer space should be

  10. The Atomic Papers: A citizen's guide to selected books and articles on the bomb, the arms race, nuclear power, the peace movement, and related issues

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Burns, G.

    1984-01-01

    The Atomic Papers annotates over 800 books published since 1945 and approximately 300 periodical articles since 1980 on every facet of the nuclear dilemma: the development and effects of the bomb, the arms race, nuclear proliferation, and the peace movement. Work on both sides of the nuclear power controversy also receives substantial attention. All references are to English-language material, and nearly half are to work published since 1980. The concluding chapter, ''The Art of Fission,'' describes over one hundred novels and stories with nuclear themes published since 1945--and, in a few cases, before that date

  11. The immune-related fatty acids are responsive to CO2 driven seawater acidification in a crustacean brine shrimp Artemia sinica.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Yan; Zheng, Shu-Cheng; Zheng, Chao-Qun; Shi, Yue-Chen; Xie, Xiao-Lu; Wang, Ke-Jian; Liu, Hai-Peng

    2018-04-01

    The gradual increase of CO 2 concentration in the atmosphere, absorbed by the ocean surface water through air to sea equilibration termed ocean acidification (OA), leads to the decline of pH in seawater. It is not clear so far how the composition of fatty acids, particular the immune-related, in marine crustacean and the subsequent energy supply in marine ecosystem are affected by OA. The brine shrimp Artemia sinica is an open and common feed that provide essential fatty acids for mariculture. In this study, the fatty acids profiles of brine shrimp cultured under different lower pH levels of CO 2 driven seawater were investigated. The results showed a significant reduction of the proportion of total saturated fatty acids under the pH7.6 within one week. Meanwhile, the percentage of total monounsaturated fatty acids was significantly decreased at day 14 under pH7.8, and this percentage gave a significant increase of proportion within one week under pH7.6. Furthermore, the relative content of total polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) was found to be clearly increased with exposure to different seawater acidification at day 1, suggesting that the brine shrimp immune response was likely to be affected by acidified seawater as the PUFAs have been well known to be involved in immunomodulatory effects through alterations on cell membrane fluidity/lipid mediators and gene expression of cell signaling pathways. Notably, eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid, which have essential effect on various physiological processes such as inflammatory cytokines production and cell structural stability, were strongly increased under two lower pH treatments within one week and with the significant increase at day 1 under pH7.6. These data clearly supported the hypothesis that OA might affect fatty acids composition, likely also the innate immunity, in crustacean and the subsequent energy transfer by food-chain system in the marine ecosystem. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All

  12. Acta Aeronautica et Astronautica Sinica.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-12-29

    SPECIMENS 68 WITH SINGLE EDGE NOTCH Liu Ligeng, Chen Xianxi and Cai Qigong (Central Iron and Steel Research Institute) ON THE DESIGN OF TRANSONIC TURBINE...et al, Mechanism of Overload Effect on Fatigue Crack Propagation in Aluminum Alloy. Eng. Fract. Mech. 1978 No. 2. (13) Chen Hu, Cai Qigong et al...this paper. 67b J-INTEGRAL EXPERIMENTAL CALIBRATION OF SHEET SPECIMENS WITH SINGLE EDGE NOTCH Lui Ligeng, Chen Xianxi and Cai Qigong (Central Iron and

  13. Acta Aeronautica et Astronautica Sinica.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-07-28

    Experimental value 4. Theoretical value For convenience of analysis, we used L. Lees ’ method [’] and the reference enthalpy nethod (7,9] to make...Baltakis "Influence of rouchness on heat transfer and transition" NOL TR=73-231 (AD77384). [4] C.L. Jaeck "Analysis of pressure and heat transfer test

  14. EDITORIAL: Selected articles from `The 8th Edoardo Amaldi Conference on Gravitational Waves (Amaldi 8)', Columbia University, New York, 22-26 June 2009 Selected articles from `The 8th Edoardo Amaldi Conference on Gravitational Waves (Amaldi 8)', Columbia University, New York, 22-26 June 2009

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marka, Zsuzsa; Marka, Szabolcs

    2010-04-01

    received special attention at the meeting. For the first time in the history of Amaldi conferences, plenary and contributed sessions were held to transfer ideas and experience gained with gravitational-wave science inspired education and outreach projects. Additionally, Columbia University faculties working in frontier fields, which currently may not have a direct connection to the field of gravitational-wave science, gave enthralling presentations in the form of a `wake-up' lecture series. The meeting also facilitated the exchange of scientific results and new ideas among all members of gravitational-wave experiment collaborations and the gravitational-wave theory community. Additionally, future directions in gravitational-wave detection were discussed in a special session dedicated to the Gravitational Wave International Committee Roadmap. A highly entertaining and inspiring public talk entitled `Songs from space: black holes and the Big Bang in audio' was given by Janna Levin and it attracted over 300 young and old science enthusiasts from and around New York City. This special issue of Classical and Quantum Gravity (Volume 27, Number 8, 2010) is published as the proceedings of Amaldi8. It contains the overview articles by invited plenary speakers, and some of the highlights of the conference as selected by session chairs and organizers. Other Amaldi8 talks and posters appear in the refereed issue of the electronic Journal of Physics: Conference Series. This issue of Classical and Quantum Gravity and the Journal of Physics: Conference Series issue will be electronically linked. The conference organizers gratefully acknowledge the financial support of Columbia University in the City of New York, the International Union of Pure and Applied Physics and the United States National Science Foundation. We would like to thank the Gravitational Wave International Committee for their scientific oversight, the Local Organizing Committee for program selection, and the session

  15. RESEARCH ARTICLE Analysis of polymorphisms and selective ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2017-01-27

    Jan 27, 2017 ... collected in Keningau, haplotypes K2, K9, K10, K11, K12, K13 and K14 were exclusively from Kudat while haplotypes K6 and K8 were found only from Kota Kinabalu. Haplotypes K4, K5 and K7 consisted of samples from all the three regions, indicating similar patterns of polymorphism from the different.

  16. RESEARCH ARTICLE Biodiversity and selection for scrapie ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Baylis M., Houston F., Kao R.R., McLean A.R., Hunter N. and Gravenor M.B. 2002b BSE – a wolf in sheep's clothing?. Trends. Microbiol. 10, 563–570. Billinis C., Psychas V., Leontides L., Spyrou V., Argyroudis S., Vlemmas I. et al. 2004 Prion protein gene polymorphisms in healthy and scrapie-affected sheep in Greece.

  17. ORIGINAL ARTICLES Selective cerebral hypothermia for post ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    scalp temperature variation was reduced from 22°C to l2°C using this method. Nasopharyngeal .... morphine 0.03 mg/kg was given as a slow intravenous bolus. Apart from the cooling and additional sedation and .... limits by day 4 after treatment with intravenous vitamin K. No infant acquired infection during or after the.

  18. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Shade Tree Selection and Management ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    wonde

    . Beer J. Muschler R. Kass D. and. Somarriba E. 1998. Shade management in coffee and cacao plantations. Agroforestry Systems. 38:139–164. Cheng S. Hiwatashi Y. Imai H. Naito M. and Numata, T. 1998. Deforestation and degradation of.

  19. High-Molecular Compounds (Selected Articles).

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-09-03

    oxidative polycondensation in pyridine with catalytic quantities CuCi degree of polycondensation n XV was equal to 5, during application of threefold...15 Table 1. Dependence of molecular weight of oligomer XV on I quantity of pyridine . FOOTNOTE k. Quantity of diacetylene X - 500, CuCi - 50 mg

  20. Selected Current Acquisitions and Articles from Periodicals

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-06-01

    Oxford University Press, 1994. KD540 .G73 1994 LAW--SOCIAL ASPECTS--UNITED STATES. Kennedy, Duncan. Sexy dressing, etc. Cambridge, Mass. i Harvard...Interest No.35:3- 17 Spring 󈨢. Regan, Patrick M. War Toys, War Movies , and the Militarization of the United States, 1900-85. Journal of Peace Resear’h 31

  1. Article and process for producing an article

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lacy, Benjamin Paul; Jacala, Ariel Caesar Prepena; Kottilingam, Srikanth Chandrudu; Schick, David Edward

    2017-10-24

    An article and a process of producing an article are provided. The article includes a base material, a cooling feature arrangement positioned on the base material, the cooling feature arrangement including an additive-structured material, and a cover material. The cooling feature arrangement is between the base material and the cover material. The process of producing the article includes manufacturing a cooling feature arrangement by an additive manufacturing technique, and then positioning the cooling feature arrangement between a base material and a cover material.

  2. Article and method of forming an article

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lacy, Benjamin Paul; Kottilingam, Srikanth Chandrudu; Dutta, Sandip; Schick, David Edward

    2017-12-26

    Provided are an article and a method of forming an article. The method includes providing a metallic powder, heating the metallic powder to a temperature sufficient to joint at least a portion of the metallic powder to form an initial layer, sequentially forming additional layers in a build direction by providing a distributed layer of the metallic powder over the initial layer and heating the distributed layer of the metallic powder, repeating the steps of sequentially forming the additional layers in the build direction to form a portion of the article having a hollow space formed in the build direction, and forming an overhang feature extending into the hollow space. The article includes an article formed by the method described herein.

  3. Publishing International Counseling Articles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hohenshil, Thomas H.; Amundson, Norman E.

    2011-01-01

    This article begins with a rationale for including international articles in the "Journal of Counseling & Development." Then, 2 general categories of international articles are described. First are articles that provide a general overview of counseling in a particular country. The 2nd category is more general and might involve international…

  4. Article and method for making an article

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lacy, Benjamin Paul; Schick, David Edward; Kottilingam, Srikanth Chandrudu

    2018-04-03

    An article and a method for making shaped cooling holes in an article are provided. The method includes the steps of depositing a metal alloy powder to form an initial layer including at least one aperture, melting the metal alloy powder with a focused energy source to transform the powder layer to a sheet of metal alloy, sequentially depositing an additional layer of the metal alloy powder to form a layer including at least one aperture corresponding to the at least one aperture in the initial layer, melting the additional layer of the metal alloy powder with the focused energy source to increase the sheet thickness, and repeating the steps of sequentially depositing and melting the additional layers of metal alloy powder until a structure including at least one aperture having a predetermined profile is obtained. The structure is attached to a substrate to make the article.

  5. Article and method for making an article

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lacy, Benjamin Paul; Schick, David Edward; Kottilingam, Srikanth Chandrudu

    2018-04-03

    An article and a method for making shaped cooling holes in an article are provided. The method includes the steps of providing a metal alloy powder; forming an initial layer with the metal alloy powder, the initial layer having a preselected thickness and a preselected shape, the preselected shape including at least one aperture; sequentially forming an additional layer over the initial layer with the metal alloy powder, the additional layer having a second preselected thickness and a second preselected shape, the second preselected shape including at least one aperture corresponding to the at least one aperture in the initial layer; and joining the additional layer to the initial layer, forming a structure having a predetermined thickness, a predetermined shape, and at least one aperture having a predetermined profile. The structure is attached to a substrate to make the article.

  6. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    pc

    2017-11-24

    . Self-medication may be one of the major consequences of drug advertising. Methodology: This review article was conducted through reviewing 100 articles and 12 books, derived from valid libraries and electronic sources.

  7. [Reading research articles].

    Science.gov (United States)

    van der Graaf, Yolanda; Zaat, Joost

    2015-01-01

    Keeping up with the latest developments is not easy, but neither is reading articles on research. There are too many medical journals that contain information that is irrelevant to clinical practice. From this mass of articles you have to decide which are important for your own clinical practice and which are not. Most articles naturally fall into the latter category as spectacular findings with important consequences for medical practice do not occur every week. The most important thing in a research article is the research question. If you begin with this, then you can put aside much scientific literature. The methodology section is essential; reading this can save you a lot of time. In this article we take you step-by-step through the process of reading research articles. The articles in our Methodology series can be used as background information. These articles have been combined in a tablet app, which is available via www.ntvg.nl/methodologie.

  8. Articles comprising ferritic stainless steels

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rakowski, James M.

    2016-06-28

    An article of manufacture comprises a ferritic stainless steel that includes a near-surface region depleted of silicon relative to a remainder of the ferritic stainless steel. The article has a reduced tendency to form an electrically resistive silica layer including silicon derived from the steel when the article is subjected to high temperature oxidizing conditions. The ferritic stainless steel is selected from the group comprising AISI Type 430 stainless steel, AISI Type 439 stainless steel, AISI Type 441 stainless steel, AISI Type 444 stainless steel, and E-BRITE.RTM. alloy, also known as UNS 44627 stainless steel. In certain embodiments, the article of manufacture is a fuel cell interconnect for a solid oxide fuel cell.

  9. JPRS Report, Science & Technology. China: Stealth/Counter-Stealth Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-11-19

    Frequency-Selective Surfaces 92FE0801F Beijing DIANZIXUEBAO [ACTA ELECTRONICA SINICA] in Chinese Vol 20 No 6, Jun 92 pp 85-88 [Article by Shen...microwave devices and electromag- netic scattering. Motion Compensation Method in ISAR Imaging 92FE0801A Beijing DIANZIXUEBAO [ACTA ELECTRONICA ...Chinese Society of Electronics and an editor of DIANZI XUEBAO [ACTA ELECTRONICA SINICA]. Deng Wenbiao Born in February 1961, he graduated from the

  10. Authoring Newspaper Science Articles: A Rewarding Experience

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonzalez-Espada, Wilson J.

    2009-01-01

    In this article, the author summarizes the rationale for using science articles in K-16 education and addresses some of its limitations. The author also encourages scientists and college science faculty to contribute contextually relevant articles that might include selected literary techniques to their local or state newspapers.

  11. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    pc

    2017-08-08

    Aug 8, 2017 ... program codes) assembly of program systems of applied appointment are presented in article. Author Correspondence ... automated), testing of the created system, its documenting, quality assessment, estimation of cost. Assembly is carried out in the ... JAVA environments. In article (with specification as far ...

  12. Introduction to Wiener's Article

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education; Volume 4; Issue 1. Introduction to Wiener's Article. V Rajaraman. Reflections Volume 4 Issue 1 January 1999 pp 80-80. Fulltext. Click here to view fulltext PDF. Permanent link: http://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/reso/004/01/0080-0080. Author Affiliations.

  13. Indefinite articles and beyond

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Le Bruyn, B.S.W.

    2010-01-01

    This dissertation challenges the standard view on indefinite articles as argument markers and determiners that block bare nominal arguments. It argues for a more fine-grained view in which articles are poor in their semantics but rich in their pragmatic competition with bare nominals and other

  14. Scientific Journal Articles

    Science.gov (United States)

    These are abstracts of peer-reviewed articles, authored by Office of Children's Health Protection staff. They cover topics including risk assessment for early life stages, inhalation dosimetry, and manganese in drinking water.

  15. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-05-15

    9867. Available online at http://www.jfas.info. Research Article. Special .... 809. Table 3. Content analysis of questioning level for each grade based on cognitive domain. (Pre-test). Group. Grade knowledge. Comprehension.

  16. Multilingual News Article Classification

    OpenAIRE

    Skjennum, Patrick L

    2016-01-01

    News is an ever-growing and global resource, reliant on robust distribution networks to spread information. This thesis investigates how exploiting semantic, contextual and ontological information may form a basis for a language independent news article classification system. In light of the above, a scalable multi-label news article classification system, based exclusively on extracted DBpedia entities, and a predetermined standardized set of fixed-size IPTC Media Topic categories, is p...

  17. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    pc

    Malaysia. Published online: 05 October 2017. ABSTRACT. This study applied four hydrology parameters. The findings from Principal Component. Analysis confirmed that all selected parameters were significant to be taken as main tools for further analysis with result of R2> 0.7. SPC set up a new control limit for all selected.

  18. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    pc

    2017-10-05

    Oct 5, 2017 ... hidden neurons and input delays were selected based on optimization of NARX training and validation ... A quantitative observation for hidden neuron number selection based on number of delay 1 using NARX .... assessment. International Journal of Food Science and Technology, 2017, 52(1):214-221.

  19. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2017-08-08

    Aug 8, 2017 ... Standards of selecting and evaluating athletes by this method are sometimes not complete and reasonable. As a result ... decision-makers such as peers and parents and the tension to select players for immediate success. ... Another related studies included psychology as third component [1-2]. Various ...

  20. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    pc

    2017-11-24

    Nov 24, 2017 ... affect the quality of the developed control system of the unit as a whole, allowing to improve the quality of the ball ... technological process and to select such management actions, which will ensure better value .... input channels with the greatest impact on the output parameter of the object were selected.

  1. The herbal composition GGEx18 from Laminaria japonica, Rheum palmatum, and Ephedra sinica inhibits visceral obesity and insulin resistance by upregulating visceral adipose genes involved in fatty acid oxidation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oh, Jaeho; Lee, Hyunghee; Lim, Hyesook; Woo, Sangee; Shin, Soon Shik; Yoon, Michung

    2015-02-01

    The herbal composition Gyeongshingangjeehwan 18 (GGEx18) extracted from Rheum palmatum L. (Polygonaceae), Laminaria japonica Aresch (Laminariaceae), and Ephedra sinica Stapf (Ephedraceae) is traditionally used as an anti-obesity drug by local clinics in Korea. This study investigates the effects of GGEx18 on visceral obesity and insulin resistance and determines the molecular mechanisms involved in this process. After C57BL/6J mice were fed a high-fat diet supplemented with GGEx18 (125, 250, and 500 mg/kg) for 8 weeks and 3T3-L1 adipocytes were treated with GGEx18 (0.1, 1, and 10 μg/ml); variables and determinants of visceral obesity and insulin resistance were measured using in vivo and in vitro approaches. Administration of GGEx18 to obese mice decreased visceral adipose tissue weight with an ED50 value of 232 mg/kg. 3T3-L1 adipocytes treated with GGEx18 showed a reduction in lipid accumulation with an ED50 value of 0.7 µg/ml. GGEx18 significantly increased the expression of fatty acid oxidation genes, including adiponectin, AMPKs, PPARα and its target enzymes, and CPT-1, in both mesenteric adipose tissues and 3T3-L1 cells. However, GGEx18 treatment decreased the mRNA levels of adipocyte marker genes such as PPARγ, aP2, TNFα, and leptin. GGEx18 normalized hyperglycemia and hyperinsulinemia in obese mice. Blood glucose levels of GGEx18-treated mice were significantly reduced during oral glucose tolerance tests compared with obese controls. These results suggest that GGEx18 may treat visceral obesity and visceral obesity-related insulin resistance by upregulating the visceral adipose expression of fatty acid oxidative genes.

  2. Neutron absorbing article

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Naum, R.G.; Owens, D.P.; Dooher, G.I.

    1979-01-01

    A neutron absorbing article, in flat plate form and suitable for use in a storage rack for spent fuel, includes boron carbide particles, diluent particles and a solid, irreversibly cured phenolic polymer cured to a continuous matrix binding the boron carbide and diluent particles. The total conent of boron carbide and diluent particles is a major proportion of the article and the content of cured phenolic polymer present is a minor proportion. By regulation of the ratio of boron carbide particles to diluent particles, normally within the range of 1:9 and 9:1 and preferably within the range of 1:5 to 5:1, the neutron absorbing activity of the product may be controlled, which facilitates the manufacture of articles of particular absorbing activities best suitable for specific applications

  3. Neutron absorbing article

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Naum, R.G.; Owens, D.P.; Dooker, G.I.

    1981-01-01

    A neutron-absorbing article suitable for use in spent fuel racks is described. It comprises boron carbide particles, diluent particles, and a phenolic polymer cured to a continuous matrix. The diluent may be silicon carbide, graphite, amorphous carbon, alumina, or silica. The combined boron carbide-diluent phase contains no more than 2 percent B 2 O 3 , and the neutron-absorbing article contains from 20 to 40 percent phenol resin. The ratio of boron carbide to diluent particles is in the range 1:9 to 9:1

  4. Critiquing a research article

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Marshall, Gill

    2005-01-01

    This article explores certain concepts relating to critiquing research papers. These include considering the peer review process for publication, demonstrating the need for critiquing, providing a way to carefully evaluate research papers and exploring the role of impact factors. Whilst all these features are considered in this article, the focus is on presenting a systematic and comprehensive way of critiquing research papers. The information provided should be of use to the many radiographers, associated health professionals and undergraduate and postgraduate students embarking on research projects

  5. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2018-01-15

    Jan 15, 2018 ... ired to achieve the objective of ally in the field of Mechanical to the current market needs. discriminant analysis. Research Article. Special Issue ... Engineering field but fail to practice it. They only learn it in order .... question items led the highest reading with a percentage value of 98.67%, followed by GSS1.

  6. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    pc

    2017-10-17

    Oct 17, 2017 ... Electronic Commerce Research and Applications, 2012, 11(1):75-84. [16] Yue W S, Zin N A M. usabilty evaluation for history educational games. In 2nd. International Conference on Interaction Sciences: Information Technology, Culture and. Human, 2012,pp. 1019-1025. How to cite this article: Ramli R.Z ...

  7. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2018-01-15

    6S):710-734. How to cite this article: Rizman ZI, Adnan J, Hashim FR, Yassin IM, Zabidi A, Zaman FK, Yeap KH. Development of hybrid drone (hydro) for surveillance application. J. Fundam. Appl. Sci., 2018, 10(1S),. 816-823.

  8. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    pc

    2017-10-05

    Oct 5, 2017 ... Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences. ISSN 1112-9867. Available online at http://www.jfas.info. Research Article. Special Issue .... of use. Three critical success factors of e-learning (instructor characteristics, student characteristics .... Total of 95 questionnaires were used for further data analysis.

  9. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2017-11-10

    Nov 10, 2017 ... dia University, 75450 Bukit ter Sciences, UniversitiSains rld by storm. The conventional achine to machine tween this communications, it vity. On the basis of these, this g of IoT device simulations in ressing the security and packet tiki operating system to test, es, sensors and network works. Research Article.

  10. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2017-09-10

    Sep 10, 2017 ... or attacking perceived. Research Article. Special Issue ... approach which is using National Instruments (NI) LabVIEW Biomedical Workbench with data acquisition (DAQ) device to ..... 13 shows that hemoglobin is greatly absorbed the green color wavelength (550 nm), if compared to red (650 nm) and blue ...

  11. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2017-08-08

    Aug 8, 2017 ... based on a new instrument tivariate analysis was used to port towards opiate dependents. y a cluster analysis of the PCA ntify the characteristics of high ns which have high variation in ion), and a further analysis by ps. Cluster 2 had the highest ter 1 with moderate variation in cluster 3. Research Article.

  12. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    pc

    2017-11-24

    Nov 24, 2017 ... energy resources (SER)in metallurgical production can be divided into potential energy sources ... n heat pump with a heat circulating water: a y of power supply of the energy efficiency. elated to the amount of n dioxide emission. Research Article .... plants are electric steel smelting and oxyge systems at ...

  13. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    pc

    2017-11-24

    Nov 24, 2017 ... ABSTRACT. The article is devoted to the issue of grammatical approach application during the teaching of ... communicative communication tasks leads to grammatical, lexical and strategic complication of speech ... Another approach to the organization of speech activity is demonstrated by D.I. Izarenkov.

  14. 9 ORIGINAL ARTICLE

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Dr Oboro VO

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE. AFRICAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY JAN 2011. ISBN 1595-689X VOL 12 No. 1 ... skin of patients and environmental surfaces in the immediate vicinity of the patients (4). ... it helps in preventing chemically related occupational hazards and up to 80% of infections, ...

  15. 66 ORIGINAL ARTICLE

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    boaz

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE. AFRICAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY JAN 2016 ISBN 1595-689X VOL 17 No.1 ..... WOMEN. Social characteristics. No. examined (n = 310). No. positive. (n=30) (%). Education. Illiterate. Primary. Secondary. Tertiary. Occupation. Civil servant. House wife. Students.

  16. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    pc

    Published online: 24 November 2017. ABSTRACT. The control problems for technological objects with distributed state variables and large dead times are discussed in the present article. The creation of control systems using the object model in the control loop is considered. It is shown that the most effective approach for ...

  17. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-05-15

    May 15, 2016 ... PENN, Bachinghamshire. [16]Rorty, R. (1979). Philosophy and the mirror of nature. Princeton university press. [17]Salinger, J. D. (1951). The catcher in the rye. Little, Brown and Company. [18]Zizek, S. (2001). Enjoy you symptom: Jacques Lacan in Hollywood and out. Routledge. How to cite this article:.

  18. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-05-15

    May 15, 2016 ... "The facts show that the use of new technologies in the 21st century will have a profound impact on human social life and education and education is certainly not exempt from these changes. Research in education, states the article that information technology has been mainly used in regular education ...

  19. Full Length Research Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Administrator

    Out of the 320 male sheep examined, 87(27.2%) were infected, while 9(19.1%) of the 47 females examined were infected (Table 2). Infection varied from one abattoir to another. Age related distribution of P. cervi is shown in Table 3. Out of 356 adult sheep (>2yrs) examined, 35. Full Length Research Article. 12 ...

  20. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2018-01-15

    Jan 15, 2018 ... crisis indicator at national level using k-means cluster analysis. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 2017, 166(1):1-9. How to cite this article: Hidayat Y, Purwandari T, Sukono, Supian S, Juahir H, Kamarudin MKA, Ireana Yusra AF. Improving unprecedented restlessness as the new ...

  1. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-05-15

    May 15, 2016 ... accounting, Islamic Azad University, Rasht, Iran ... except the effect of management participation on marketing innovation and product innovation ... Available online at http://www.jfas.info. Research Article. Special Issue. Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences is licensed under a Creative Commons ...

  2. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    pc

    2017-10-17

    Oct 17, 2017 ... We are listed under Research Associations category. ... SKJalan Hang he validity showedstrong eanwhile the reliability of sess the flexibility of the nts should be tested with. Research Article. Special Issue ... Studies have shown that the problems of diseases such as hypertension, heart disease and.

  3. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-05-15

    May 15, 2016 ... pavements (JCP). With using a 3- transfer efficiency (LTE) of the ransverse prestressing with various restressing although increased the jacent is minor and engineers can e higher prestressing force, might prestressing for more than 400 kN element; Load transfer efficiency. Research Article. Special Issue ...

  4. 158 ORIGINAL ARTICLE

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    boaz

    158. ORIGINAL ARTICLE. AFRICAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY JULY 2016 ISBN 1595-689X VOL17 No. 3. AJCEM/ .... A single colony was inoculated into Mueller–Hinton broth and incubated for 20 ..... countries, including Taiwan, Japan, Korea, Thailand,. Spain, Mexico, Saudi Arabia, ...

  5. 1 RESEARCH ARTICLE

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    HP

    RESEARCH ARTICLE. Study of Association of Forkhead Box P3 (FOXP3) Gene Polymorphisms with Unexplained Recurrent. Spontaneous Abortions in Indian Population. Shivani Mishra, Anukool Srivastava, Kausik Mandal, Shubha R Phadke*. Department of Medical Genetics, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of ...

  6. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    pc

    2017-11-24

    Nov 24, 2017 ... Blue Lakes area and the history of flour milling industry, using water mills, were studied. The article presents the .... through his father, for 20 years before the 1917 revolution. To date, these objects ... included in the pond, the fourth cavity was located in the lower duct of the pond, and the fifth karst cavity was ...

  7. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-07-16

    Jul 16, 2016 ... This article studies the impact of e-customer relationship management system in banking industry from the ... CRM: it includes the banks that do not have communication channels to provide possibility of recognizing .... customer's loyalty and intent of transferring are the dependent variables of the research.

  8. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2017-10-05

    Oct 5, 2017 ... th Exogenous Input (NARX). PSO) algorithm. The system ected from Steam Distillation e Information Criterion, Model. ) for optimization process of t the FPE criterion model was set, small fitness value he accuracy was evaluated by ation and histogram tests. ure; NARX; particle swarm. Research Article.

  9. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-05-15

    May 15, 2016 ... production. In this article, the method of producing energy from these algae along with their application in sustainable architecture has been investigated. For this purpose, a few .... cyanobacteria, “chosen for its rich green hue, light absorbency, and culinary qualities,” set in alkaline water and housed in ...

  10. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    pc

    2017-11-24

    Nov 24, 2017 ... 3Associate Professor of the Department of Pedagogy and Psychology of Childhood, Bryansk ... The article examines the phenomenon of the interactive educational environment as a carefully constructed ... Key words: dialogue environment education, dialogue, axiosphere of a future teacher, socio- cultural ...

  11. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    pc

    Published online: 08 August 2017. ABSTRACT. Article purpose: to consider the possibility of Hilbert-Huang transformation (HHT) use for vibration-acoustic control of a fuel dispenser operation in an internal combustion engine HHT was proposed by Norden Huang in 1995 to study the surface waves of typhoons. In recent.

  12. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    pc

    2017-11-24

    , launched in. 2005, in comparison with Web of Science and expresses his view on how it can be improved. At the same time the analysis of the whole range of articles on this topic shows that the RSCI is currently applied to ...

  13. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2017-10-17

    Oct 17, 2017 ... via brain waves study by using electroencephalogram (EEG). International Journal on. Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, 2016, 6(6):1005-1011. How to cite this article: Anoor M M, Khairul AnwarK H, Megat Ali M S A and Jahidin A H. Classification of students' IQ level using ...

  14. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2017-09-10

    Sep 10, 2017 ... List here those individuals who provided help during the research (e.g., providing language help, writing assistance or proof reading the article, etc.). 6. REFERENCES. [1] Waller P., Weerakkody V. Digital government: overcoming the systemic failure of transformation. London: Brunel University Press, 2016 ...

  15. 18 ORIGINAL ARTICLE

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Boaz

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE. AFRICAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY JANUARY 2018 ISBN 1595-689X VOL19 No.1 ... Le Staphylococcus aureus était le plus souvent isolé des deux mains et des deux sexes (29,2%, 27,3%), suivi par le SARM (22,1%, 24,7% respectivement). Conclusions: Le ...

  16. Concordância entre avaliadores na seleção de artigos em revisões sistemáticas Agreement among raters in the selection of articles in a systematic review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natália Sanchez Oliveira

    2006-09-01

    -analysis. As an example, we used data from the initial phase of the study called "Vitamin A supplementation for breastfeeding mothers: systematic review". The data are the result of a reading carried out by two raters of article abstracts selected judiciously among electronic bibliography databases. For each study we posed the questions: "Does the study involve post-partum females?"; "Is it a vitamin A supplementation study?"; "Is it a clinical trial?", followed by a decision (inclusion/exclusion concerning the study. The data were keyed twice into an Excel spreadsheet and a validation procedure was followed. The kappa agreement rate was applied to the following aspects: population, intervention, study type, and decision. We identified 2,553 studies. The kappa agreement rates were: k=0.46 for suitability of the population studied; k= 0.59 for intervention type; k=0.59 for study type; and k=0.44 for the inclusion/exclusion decision. Given the fair (intervention and study type and slight (population studied agreement between raters, we emphasize the need for the studies to be read initially by at least two raters. The consensus meetings carried out in the presence of disagreement were useful to solve differences of interpretation between raters, provided new understanding and deeper reflection, contributed to reduce the chance of non-inclusion of necessary studies, and thus enhanced control over a possible selection bias.

  17. Tweeting News Articles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco Toledo Bastos

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available In this article we investigate the impact of social media readership to the editorial profile of newspapers. We analyze tweets containing links to news articles from eight of the largest national newspapers in the United States, United Kingdom, Spain, Brazil, and Germany. The data collection follows the first two weeks of October 2012 and includes 2,842,699 tweets with links to news articles. Twitter-shortened links were resolved using a three-pass routine and assigned to 1 of the 21 newspaper sections. We found the concentration of links to news articles posted by top users to be lower than reported in the literature and the strategy of relaying headlines on Twitter via automatic news aggregators (feeds to be inefficient. The results of this investigation show which sections of a newspaper are the most and least read by readers in different parts of the world, with German readers placing greater emphasis on Politics and Economy; Brazilians on Sports and Arts; Spaniards on Local and National news; Britons and Americans on Opinion and World news. We also found that German and Spanish readers are more likely to read multiple national newspapers, while British readers more often resort to foreign sources of news. The results confirm that feedback to news items from a large user base is pivotal for the replication of content and that newspapers and news items can be clustered according to the editorial profile and principles of newsworthiness inherited from legacy media. The results of this investigation shed light onto the networked architecture of journalism that increasingly depends on readership agency.

  18. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-05-15

    May 15, 2016 ... ABSTRACT. In this article, we simulate thermal effects on the electron transfer rate from three quantum dots. CdSe, CdS and CdTe to three metal oxides TiO2, SnO2 and ZnO2 in the presence of four blocking layers ZnS, ZnO, TiO2 and Al2O3, in a porous quantum dot sensitized solar cell. (QDSSC) structure ...

  19. Dense ceramic articles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cockbain, A.G.

    1976-01-01

    A method is described for the manufacture of articles of substantially pure dense ceramic materials, for use in severe environments. Si N is very suitable for use in such environments, but suffers from the disadvantage that it is not amenable to sintering. Some disadvantages of the methods normally used for making articles of Si N are mentioned. The method described comprises mixing a powder of the substantially pure ceramic material with an additive that promotes densification, and which is capable of nuclear transmutation into a gas when exposed to radiation, and hot pressing the mixture to form a billet. The billet is then irradiated to convert the additive into a gas which is held captive in the billet, and it is then subjected to a hot forging operation, during which the captive gas escapes and an article of substantially pure dense ceramic material is forged. The method is intended primarily for use for Si N, but may be applied to other ceramic materials. The additive may be Li or Be or their compounds, to the extent of at least 5 ppm and not more than 5% by weight. Irradiation is effected by proton or neutron bombardment. (UK)

  20. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2017-10-05

    Oct 5, 2017 ... LUTIONARY ALGORITHM ohama, Yokohama, Aoba-ku population by combining genes ber is the best member of the d and the third one is a member orithm for component selection rognosis. Results with the UCI p improve the accuracy of kNN t cancer, prognosis. d and with a 30% figure, it has reduces its ...

  1. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2017-02-15

    Feb 15, 2017 ... This is an important element of inertial navigation systems in unmanned aerial vehicles .... efficiency. This is a real-time performance improvement based on both sensors and IMU models. The complexity for these models will be selected ... Reduce the number of sensor errors due to mechanical vibrations;.

  2. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2017-08-08

    Aug 8, 2017 ... ABSTRACT. Drug addictions are some of the contributi other psychological problems in individual. QoL of inmates with drug abuse dependen contact with their family and friends a interpersonal relationships. This study inte. (FA) and Multiple Linear Regression (MLR. The data from 12 prisons selected in ...

  3. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-07-16

    Jul 16, 2016 ... demand for universities. Therefore, higher education institutions are competing to gain more share from market. So the higher education environment .... dimensions, including university selection process, the effectiveness of university professors and ..... “Marketing mix formulation for higher education An.

  4. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-05-15

    May 15, 2016 ... Monitoring and maintenance. Determination of pipeline boundaries. Installing online wastewater monitoring systems. Installing alarm systems for gas leaks. Development of green space by. 15%. Installing alarm and fire extinguish systems. How to report and select those who receive monitoring results.

  5. 154 ORIGINAL ARTICLE

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    boaz

    ABSTRACT. This study investigated the prevalence and antibiotics susceptibility of Enterococcus spp. isolated from patients and some selected hospital environment in Abuja, Nigeria. The samples included clinical and environmental. The clinical samples included stool, urine and wound swabs while the environmental ...

  6. 73 ORIGINAL ARTICLE

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    boaz

    This study evaluated the antibacterial effect of household cleaning agents on selected bacterial .... fuel additives and dish washing. Detergents have been added into different disinfecting solutions to lower their surface tension and to enhance their antibacterial effects (10, 11). ... hundred microliter of the standardized cell.

  7. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    pc

    2017-11-10

    Nov 10, 2017 ... ABSTRACT. The study aimed was to assess the effectiveness of coaching module based on Teaching. Games for Understanding (TGfU) towards the performance of school netball players. Samples consisted of 14 netball players in selected Malaysian secondary schools. The players had gone through ...

  8. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    pc

    2017-11-10

    Nov 10, 2017 ... remediated using biogenic composites liming material using selective sequential extraction analysis. ... A major factor which contributed towards this issue is related with abiotic stress. Abiotic stress can be initiated by the non-living agents such as soil pH conditions, ... In Malaysia, coastal plain area such in.

  9. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    pc

    2017-10-17

    Oct 17, 2017 ... benefit, as they exchange ideas and knowledge with each other. Thus, participants .... If the list of potentially conflicting papers is non-empty, select the first paper from the list and repeat from Step 3 with ..... In International Conference on Artificial Intelligence, Energy and Manufacturing. Engineering, 2015 ...

  10. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2017-08-08

    Aug 8, 2017 ... The analysis of the known scientific and technological approaches, aimed at the telecommunications network productivity increase, showed that time interval between packet sending by a source node (interpacket gap) plays an important role in the protocols of a transport layer. By selecting this parameter ...

  11. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    pc

    2017-11-10

    Nov 10, 2017 ... new digital processor, demand a huge revision in the programming codes which indirectly ... System. Selective harmonic elimination (SHE) tech switching angles at each power switch in th were pre-calculated offline using particle sw ...... with exogenous inputs (NARMAX) model of a flexible robot arm.

  12. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    pc

    2017-11-24

    Nov 24, 2017 ... Mathematics and IT. 2Kazan Federal University, lecturer of the department of Foreign Languages for Physics,. Mathematics and IT, Institute of International Relations, History and ... culture and sociolinguistics selected matrix formation and structuring of the national cognitive .... The theoretical thesis and the.

  13. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    pc

    2017-11-24

    Nov 24, 2017 ... reliability of such equipment decreases and the process of cleaning of the exhaust air becomes complicated. The solution of the ... make the analysis of goal functions of management and select effective managing influences;. ▫ make the ... by physical-mechanical properties of the fine material (fig. 2). Fig.2.

  14. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    pc

    2017-11-10

    Nov 10, 2017 ... of long-term memory [3-4]. The recall of sport declarative knowledge (response selection) is ... theory, sufficient psychological learning, skills and resources are needed in order to recall events before undergoing .... from the players, their parents and coaches prior to competing in the tournament. All parties.

  15. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    pc

    2017-10-17

    Oct 17, 2017 ... ABSTRACT. This study investigates the effects of pre the fitness by utilizing a Binary Particle Swa structure selection of polynomial NARX time-varying water temperature modelling. Magnitude scaling, block division technique while various swarm sizes, maximu been combined for BPSO parameter adjus.

  16. IJAAAR 2012 COMPLETE ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2011

    hundred loan beneficiary cattle fattening farmers were randomly selected out of a sampling frame of 732 beneficiaries ... The chi- square value (5.192) showed no significant difference in preferences of the economic activities between the two sets of farmers. Credit delivered to the .... criteria used to assess the fitness of the.

  17. 35 ORIGINAL ARTICLE

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    boaz

    number of parks and fast food outlets which witness a high number of travelers on a daily basis. Study design. A descriptive cross-sectional study design was used for this study and was carried out between March and. July 2013. Inclusion and exclusion criteria were also adopted in the selection of the study sites. The.

  18. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2018-01-15

    Jan 15, 2018 ... to the management of reverse logistics as one of the strategies to increase competitive advantage [6]. Based on .... In previous research, company policy and corporate strategic plan is important including routinely make report ... interval, using the SRS technique, one element is selected. In this research, a ...

  19. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-05-15

    May 15, 2016 ... to optimized a portfolio by calculating VaR and minimizing CVaR simultaneously to reduced risk of high losses[18].Sarykalin et al . demonstrate VaR and CVaR in risk management and optimization[6].Sawik Proposed a bi-objective mixed integer program model to selection of suppliers and the allocation of ...

  20. The 100 most cited articles in dentistry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feijoo, Javier F; Limeres, Jacobo; Fernández-Varela, Marta; Ramos, Isabel; Diz, Pedro

    2014-04-01

    To identify the 100 most cited articles published in dental journals. A search was performed on the Institute for Scientific Information (ISI) Web of Science for the most cited articles in all the journals included in the Journal Citation Report (2010 edition) in the category of "Dentistry, Oral Surgery, and Medicine". Each one of the 77 journals selected was analyzed using the Cited Reference Search tool of the ISI Web of Science database to identify the most cited articles up to June 2012. The following information was gathered from each article: names and number of authors, journal, year of publication, type of study, methodological design, and area of research. The number of citations of the 100 selected articles varied from 326 to 2050. All articles were published in 21 of the 77 journals in the category. The journals with the largest number of the cited articles were the Journal of Clinical Periodontology (20 articles), the Journal of Periodontology (18 articles), and the Journal of Dental Research (16 articles). There was a predominance of clinical research (66 %) over basic research (34 %). The most frequently named author was Socransky SS, with 9 of the top 100 articles, followed by Lindhe J with 7. The decades with most articles published of the 100 selected were 1980-1989 (26 articles) and 1990-1999 (25 articles). The most common type of article was the case series (22 %), followed by the narrative review/expert opinion (19 %). The most common area of study was periodontology (43 % of articles). To our knowledge, this is the first report of the top-cited articles in Dentistry. There is a predominance of clinical studies, particularly case series and narrative reviews/expert opinions, despite their low-evidence level. The focus of the articles has mainly been on periodontology and implantology, and the majority has been published in the highest impact factor dental journals. The number of citations that an article receives does not necessarily reflect the

  1. Biaxially textured articles formed by powder metallurgy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goyal, Amit; Williams, Robert K.; Kroeger, Donald M.

    2003-07-29

    A biaxially textured alloy article having a magnetism less than pure Ni includes a rolled and annealed compacted and sintered powder-metallurgy preform article, the preform article having been formed from a powder mixture selected from the group of mixtures consisting of: at least 60 at % Ni powder and at least one of Cr powder, W powder, V powder, Mo powder, Cu powder, Al powder, Ce powder, YSZ powder, Y powder, Mg powder, and RE powder; the article having a fine and homogeneous grain structure; and having a dominant cube oriented {100} orientation texture; and further having a Curie temperature less than that of pure Ni.

  2. Biaxially textured articles formed by power metallurgy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goyal, Amit; Williams, Robert K.; Kroeger, Donald M.

    2003-08-26

    A biaxially textured alloy article having a magnetism less than pure Ni includes a rolled and annealed compacted and sintered powder-metallurgy preform article, the preform article having been formed from a powder mixture selected from the group of mixtures consisting of: at least 60 at % Ni powder and at least one of Cr powder, W powder, V powder, Mo powder, Cu powder, Al powder, Ce powder, YSZ powder, Y powder, Mg powder, and RE powder; the article having a fine and homogeneous grain structure; and having a dominant cube oriented {100} orientation texture; and further having a Curie temperature less than that of pure Ni.

  3. Bibliometric analysis of lung transplantation research articles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eshraghi, M; Habibi, G; Rahim, M B; Mirkazemi, R; Ghaemi, M; Omidimorad, A; Alavi, A A; Banazadeh, M

    2011-03-01

    In the last 30 years lung transplantation has proven to be a lifesaving therapeutic option for patients with end-stage lung disease. The objective of this study was to perform a bibliometric analysis of lung transplantation research articles. A bibliometric evaluation of the evolution of scientific production in the field of lung transplantations between 1989 and 2009 was conducted using the ISI Web of Science. The search terms selected were "lung transplant" OR "pulmonary transplant". Specific features including year of publication, language, geographical distribution, first author, main journal publishing these articles, journals publishing highly cited articles, and institutional affiliation were analyzed. The citation characteristics of articles were additionally analyzed. A total of 6409 (58.0 %) research articles were found. The time trend of the number of articles showed an increase of more than 6.81 between 1989 and 2009. North America contributed 50.4 % and Europe contributed 46.0 % of published articles. The greatest number of contributions came from the USA (43.6 %), followed by England (9.1 %) and Germany (8.6 %). There were 104 522 citations of these articles by 25 July 2010. The average citation per article was 16.31. The New England Journal of Medicine ranked first with regard to the number of articles and the number of highly cited articles. G. A. Patterson, Washington University, and the US National Institutes of Health (NIH) were the top author, institution and funding agency, respectively. The number of publications and the scientific interest in lung transplantation has increased rapidly in recent years. Citations of articles published in the field of lung transplantation are increasing and the numbers of uncited articles are fewer compared to the average citations of articles and uncited articles in the field of medicine. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  4. Textual Article Clustering in Newspaper Pages

    OpenAIRE

    Aiello, Marco; Pegoretti, Andrea

    2004-01-01

    In the analysis of a newspaper page an important step is the clustering of various text blocks into logical units, i.e., into articles. We propose three algorithms based on text processing techniques to cluster articles in newspaper pages. Based on the complexity of the three algorithms and experimentation on actual pages from the Italian newspaper L’Adige, we select one of the algorithms as the preferred choice to solve the textual clustering problem.

  5. MedlinePlus: Articles about MedlinePlus

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... of this page: https://medlineplus.gov/bibliography.html Articles about MedlinePlus To use the sharing features on ... enable JavaScript. This is a list of selected articles that have been written about the creation, maintenance, ...

  6. Informational Dynamics of Journal Article Titles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diener, Richard A. V.

    1984-01-01

    Analyzes changing information values of journal article titles (measured by counting total number of words, number of keywords, and computing proportion of substantive words). Use of linear regression to determine change patterns for sample of titles from four selected journals, six library journals, and six miscellaneous journals (1951-1980) is…

  7. 2421-IJBCS-Article-Ali Doumma

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hp

    CONFLIT D'INTERET. Les auteurs déclarent qu'il n'y a aucun conflit d'intérêt pour cet article. REFERENCES. Adéoti K, Dansi A, Ahoton L. 2009. Selection of sites for the in situ conservation of four traditional leafy vegetables (Ceratotheca sesamoides, Sesamum radiatum, Acmella uliginosa and Justicia tenella) consumed.

  8. Top-cited articles in endodontic journals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fardi, Anastasia; Kodonas, Konstantinos; Gogos, Christos; Economides, Nikolaos

    2011-09-01

    The purpose of this study was to identify the 100 top-cited articles published in journals dedicated to endodontology and analyze their characteristics to describe the quality and evolution of research in the field of endodontology. The Institute for Scientific Information Web of Knowledge Database and the Journal Citation Report Science Editions were used to retrieve the 100 most cited articles published in journals dedicated to endodontics. The top-cited articles were selected and analyzed with regard to journals, authors, institution, country of origin, publication title and year, number of citations, article type, study design, level of evidence, and field of study. The top 100 articles were cited between 87 and 554 times. These articles appeared in 4 different journals, with more than half in the Journal of Endodontics, followed by the journals Oral Surgery Oral Medicine Oral Pathology Oral Radiology and Endodontology, the International Endodontic Journal, and Endodontics & Dental Traumatology. Forty-eight articles were published between 1990 and 1999. All articles were published in English and primarily originated from the United States (n = 52). The majority of articles were basic science articles (n = 55), followed by clinical research studies (n = 28) and nonsystematic reviews (n = 17). Uncontrolled case series with level IV of evidence and narrative reviews with level V of evidence were the most frequent types of study design. The main topics covered by the top-cited articles were microleakage and endodontic microbiology. This analysis of citation rates reveals useful and interesting information about scientific progress in the field of endodontics. Basic research and observational studies published in high-impact endodontic journals had the highest citation rates. Copyright © 2011 American Association of Endodontists. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2012-07-22

    Jul 22, 2012 ... Objectives. There are 19 physician anaesthesia training programmes within the 16 Southern Africa Development Community (SADC) region countries ... The postgraduate anaesthesia curricula currently used in countries such as .... Madagascar (French-speaking) have physician postgraduate programmes.

  10. ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    campbell

    The vulture is the most threatened group of birds in the world, and currently, 14 of 23 (61%) vulture species worldwide are threatened with extinction, and the most rapid declines have occurred in Asia and. Africa. (Sekercioglu. 2006,. Anderson. 2007,. BirdLife. International 2011, Ogada et al. 2011). Due to severe declines in.

  11. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2012-07-28

    Jul 28, 2012 ... decision making, Honesty, Good clinical judgment, Communication skills and Carry out professional responsibilities. Interpersonal professionalism attributes were considered more important than intrapersonal or public professionalism. Conclusion. This study suggests that professionalism attributes are not.

  12. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2012-12-03

    Dec 3, 2012 ... Three full-time permanent staff members manage the department between the two sites and additional part-time clinical supervisors are employed to assist .... An advantage of the e-learning platform is that it enables students to ... assessment and testing.3 Students at the University of Basel in Switzerland.

  13. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Easy trade

    Keyword: academic library, ICT, learning, students, utilization, private university. Introduction. Information and communication technology (ICT) includes all internet-enabled infrastructures that are widely used .... utilization for achievement of goals because lack of ICT skills by users is part of the causes of negative attitude ...

  14. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Essential characteristics of student professionalism are commitment, honesty, discretion, co-operation, participation, diligence and temperance. Students need to know how to deal with unprofessional behaviour, whether their own or other students' or teachers'. Medical schools must have comprehensive programmes for ...

  15. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2012-12-02

    Dec 2, 2012 ... Thus, we argue that prohibition is a constitutional limitation, but does not necessarily achieve its purpose in the least repressive or most effective way. Finally, we suggest that a solution to the drug problem will have to address the health needs of the drug user and the context, particularly socio-economic, of ...

  16. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    yinka

    value of an organization by treating the knowledge of organizational members as an asset similar to capital facilities, (U.S. Department ... generate the value of knowledge-based assets, an imperative of modern business”. Knowledge ..... emphasis on the balanced scorecard learning and growth perspective. Management,.

  17. ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Houston, and an anonymous referee, improved the manuscript considerably, and we thank them for helping us clarify our. findings. The first two authors were students at Sherbrooke University and conservation science intems at Hawk Mountain Sanctuary when the work was carried out. This is. Hawk Mountain Sanctuary ...

  18. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2012-06-15

    Jun 15, 2012 ... cur in alternative forms such as through the use of written and audiovisual educational materials in appropriate languages, or over the telephone, both of which have .... The translation of US testing kits to the. South African context requires consideration of several issues. First, an appropriate test must detect ...

  19. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2011-06-11

    Jun 11, 2011 ... intervention studies and it is unknown whether implementing these rec- ommendations would have an effect at all, and if so whether the magni- tude of the effect would warrant large-scale implementation of language training. Few intervention studies for HCWs and non-language-concordant patients have ...

  20. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    USER

    available. A study conducted by Chigbu and Dim (2012) on connectivity and accessibility in .... Marital status. Single. 85. 36.2. Married. 150. 63.8. Rank. Professors. 20. 8.5. Associate. Professors. 22. 9.4. Senior Lecturers. 40. 17.0. Lecturers I. 32. 13.6. Lecturers II ..... Lecturers level of satisfaction with availability of electronic.

  1. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    {Rommel}

    Apparently, among those subject areas does not include skills- oriented courses such as the Bachelor of Science in Industrial ... hard copy questions and an optical mark reader (OMR) compatible answer sheet. The latter in ... incorporate CAA into skills oriented subjects such as those that can be seen in. BSIT courses.

  2. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hp 2000 pc

    The study discovered that book piracy affects investment in publishing business; discourage creativity among Nigerians; increase unemployment in publishing sector; lowers profitability to publishing companies and revenue generation to government. The research recommends among others that publishing companies.

  3. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Nelson Edewor

    media enabled students to access local and web contents of information needs globally. The findings revealed that ... (2013) opined that web 2.0 technology and its associated social networks have brought tremendous effects to ..... :Facet publishing. Mcloughlin, Dawn and Benn, Jill (2014) Reference 2.0: evolution of virtual.

  4. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    wallow

    Universities in developed countries are benefitting more from Intellectual Property (IP) they create than those in ... that are patentable and copyrighted which industries can deploy into their production process. To achieve that .... results. It also repositioned the Intellectual Property Management Office (IPMO) to spearhead.

  5. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Easy trade

    learning, video conferencing, etc (Otubelu, 2010). ICT is an essential ... as in work places will enhance social development. It is very important ... effective ICT use. This is indeed a pronounced problem in academic libraries, (Otubelu, 2010. Availability and Utilization of Information Communication Technology. Facilities in a ...

  6. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hindrance to successful implementation is that the planning and financing of continuing education is occurring ... training are needed to overcome the challenges associated with interpreter- mediated consultations. ..... communication skills, emotional labour, stress-coping, and well-being among physicians. Archives, The ...

  7. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2012-07-15

    . University Rotterdam. 2007. ISBN 978-0-620-38223-6. 15. Ghosh S, Pandya H. Implementation of integrated learning program in neurosciences during first year of traditional medical course: perception of student and faculty.

  8. articles

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    denise

    2011-12-04

    Dec 4, 2011 ... speed, learning and memory, attention and working memory, speech and language, executive functioning ... verbal and visual memory are considered highly sensitive indicators of HAND. These episodic ... indicate that basic receptive (e.g. auditory comprehension) and expressive (e.g. repetition) language ...

  9. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2011-06-29

    Jun 29, 2011 ... fault for which medical malpractice liability may be incurred will usually be negligence, it may in ... of negligence, they may assist in tempering the increasing litigation spiral. Adequate allocation of funding ... present is just a normalisation towards global trends, and whether the increase in litigation may be ...

  10. article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ournal of Child He alth. The Western Cape Department of Health's Comprehensive Service. Plan (CSP) set out a blueprint for service reconfiguration in the public health ..... indication of the required bed complement in these new services; however, there ... complications of HIV disease and feeding/intestinal failure issues.

  11. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    from the secretariat databases at the WRO and WHCED under ethics clearance number M120147. Graphs and linear regression analyses were made with GraphPad Prism (Version 4, GraphPad. Software Inc., San Diego, CA, USA). Results. Wits Research Office (WRO). The secretariat for general research applications is in ...

  12. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2013-05-15

    May 15, 2013 ... construct meaning about health policies and services.[14] This engagement with the health system requires students to face the .... between satisfaction with the learning environment and burnout of medical students.[22] The implication for elective design was clear – avoiding haphazard arrangements for ...

  13. ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    tendency for the westernisation of our diet was noted, with the traditional low-fat, high-fibre diet being replaced by a hig~-fat, low-fibre diet. This of course is in agreement with the increasing urbanisation which the country is experiencing as part of its transition. In terms of micronutrients (Table 1), calcium and riboflavin intake ...

  14. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Compensation for participation in research. This element contained 3 items that required the PGSs to explain and describe availability of compensation, medical treatment and the risks if injury occurred. The performance in all these 3 items was below average, with the highest score 13.75%. Category B. Comprehension of ...

  15. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2012-12-02

    Dec 2, 2012 ... Research capacity development is a global issue that faces all health professionals as it aims to enhance a profession through providing evidence for intervention strategies and thus assist in improving the quality of the healthcare delivered. However, when it comes to identifying strategies to promote the ...

  16. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2013-05-27

    May 27, 2013 ... are nine interdisciplinary classes, each with an academic staff member. Supervisors are also recruited from within the university to facilitate student learning in the schools. Most of the student health promotion projects are aligned with the Life Orientation (LO) curriculum of the. Western Cape Education ...

  17. articles

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    musculoskeletal conditions, particularly lower back pain, as the leading cause of disability.6 People in jobs with high social and ethical responsibility, such as in the police force, the military and teaching, may be at particular risk for developing stress-related disorders.7 Among these disorders, depression, anxiety and post-.

  18. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    user

    Abstract. The study assessed resources and services of the Nigeria Arabic Language Village (NALV). Library, Ngala. Four objectives and four research questions guided the study. Survey research design was adopted. The target population of the study was 1,030, out of which, 206 was drawn as the sample for the study.

  19. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2010-08-17

    Aug 17, 2010 ... innovations was to shift the teaching from the previous didactic method to the more student-focused method of ... discussions around the change in teaching strategy. Although all involved academic staff ... novation. Is temperament a key to the success of teaching innovation? JJ Blitz1, MR van Rooyen1, DA ...

  20. Articles

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Proteomic variation in Korean ginseng (Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer) isolates from different geographic regions · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. KiBeom Lee, KwanSoon Park, 1738-1745 ...

  1. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    outcomes in the domains of knowledge, skills and professional behaviour. The objective of the study was to determine the experiences of the fifth cohort of graduating students from a medical programme following curricular transformation. Curriculum evaluation is integral to curriculum development and implementation.

  2. ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Campbell Murn

    Traders identified the following traits ascribed to vulture remains: treatment of epilepsy, insanity, stroke, ease of delivery in women, spiritual protection against witches and witchcraft, evil spirits, good luck (during gambling, money doubling, competition, contest), to stimulate walking in infants, and to gain supernatural powers.

  3. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    FAMILY

    Abstract. This paper evaluated the collections of Ramat Library, University of Maiduguri, Ibrahim Musa. Library, Sir Kashim College of Education, and Ramat Polytechnic Library Maiduguri, in terms of availability of funds, currency, and quantity of the materials available for the benefit of all their users. Four objectives and four ...

  4. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2013-05-09

    May 9, 2013 ... Background. In 2007, a Supervision Course in Undergraduate Clinical Supervision was developed at the Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences at Stellenbosch University in South Africa. The target group was inter-professional clinical educators that are involved in student education on the.

  5. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Physicians were asked how useful learning about specific topics would be to improve their communication with patients from different cultural or socioeconomic backgrounds. The self-report measures were examined using mean differences among specialities, gender, and correlation with years in clinical practice. Results.

  6. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2011-06-11

    Jun 11, 2011 ... Spanish to HCWs in the USA has shown significant improvements in communication with Hispanic patients and in-patient satisfaction.11,12. Multifaceted interventions targeting staff-patient communication have been shown to improve patient satisfaction in emergency room settings in Australia.13 A study ...

  7. ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Campbell Murn

    Occasionally poisoned dogs using. Strychnine and then reportedly buried the carcasses. Many trees had been felled around the site and this may have contributed to their decline. More common in dry season. Respondent directed us to. Bungoma District. Hospital, sewage works and Kitale. Town to find HVs. Bungoma.

  8. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Roland

    adopted a descriptive survey research design and used the stratified and simple random sampling techniques to ... advent of information technologies has led ... retrieve and evaluate information has. Information literacy skills as correlates of library user satisfaction among undergraduates in Nigeria. Information Impact:.

  9. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Publicly Financed Research and Development Act (IPR Act)23 regulates intellectual property rights, patents and benefits that may be applicable to HBMs. In Brazil, the Comissao Nacional de Ethica em Pesquisa (Na- tional Commission for Research Ethics) (CONEP) is respon- sible for assessing ethical issues arising from ...

  10. articles

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Most people spend most of their awake hours at work.1 Work may generate emotional, mental and/or physical disturbances in many people, and the quality and nature of people's experience at work may therefore have major health implications. Demanding or frustrating work or an inability to cope with stressors at work can.

  11. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Not licensed for children below 2 years, prescribed for child <3 months. Piroxicam. Not licensed for children <6 years, prescribed for children <5 months. Licensed for use only in children with chronic juvenile arthritis, used as antipyretic in children. Paracetamol. Not licensed for children <6 years, prescribed for children <3 ...

  12. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    user

    satisfactorily. Having basic computer skills is a significant strength of e-library users in the universities. Therefore, computer self-efficacy is required to effectively explore new information system effectively because information stored in e-libraries have become, “with search engines, in general, one of the major web services, ...

  13. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    user

    ICT deployments for a whole lot of its activities including that of libraries. Enormous. Influence of Users' ... in the educational administration, business education and higher education programs. Paraskeva, ... prior experience in the use of technology as an aid to teaching tended to use it in the classroom. Users‟ perceptions ...

  14. articles

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2011-09-03

    Sep 3, 2011 ... Sexual dissatisfaction was assessed with one item, 'How satisfied are you with ... Depression. We assessed depressive symptoms using the 10-item version of the. Centres for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D).17 The .... social support, lack of quality of life and low depressive symptoms.

  15. articles

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    cut-off point of binge drinking for women (4 units) was reduced by one unit compared with men (5 units), as recommended by. Freeborn et al.29 Responses to items on the AUDIT are rated on a. 4-point Likert scale from 0 to 4, for a maximum score of 40 points. Higher AUDIT scores indicate more severe levels of risk; scores ...

  16. ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    vigorous search for and treatment of maxillary sinusitis in nasotracheally intubated patients improves mortality.l'. One cause of conflict in the ICU is the persistently septic abdomen following rupture of a viscus, surgery or trauma. It is essential to be aware of the fact that the critically ill patient, who is often sedated and on ...

  17. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    homes and in the workplace. The continuous threat dominates the core of their existence, ... HIV testing of rape perpetrators.2,3 The Minister of Women, Chil- dren and Persons with Disabilities, Noluthando ..... treatment, which amounts to discrimination against this category of prisoner. There is also the moral dilemma of ...

  18. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2009-06-22

    including Justice Edwin Cameron of the Supreme. Court of Appeal of South Africa) have advocated a policy of routine. 'opt-out' HIV testing which, in an antenatal care setting, would mean that pregnant women are tested unless ...

  19. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2009-06-23

    Jun 23, 2009 ... The other theory that is often used in religious-based medical ethics is the principle of double effect. This states that while it is wrong to commit a bad act, a good act is good in itself. If a good act has unintended bad consequences, then the person perform- ing the act is not morally blameworthy for those ...

  20. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2012-12-02

    Dec 2, 2012 ... decision making or even wholly patient-centred model. This shift is more obvious in the ... model of communal decision making, healthcare financing is also often communally based, due to a lack of .... Therefore many patients might not return to the hospital because of fear of rejection or embarrassment.

  1. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    of HIV/AIDS, child sexual abuse, teenage pregnancy and school drop-out rates in this country.9 The research ... on teenage pregnancies that many children in South Africa are engaging in sexual activities before the age of 16 ... ment while maintaining self-esteem and avoiding causing shame to him/herself.16. This stage is ...

  2. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Consider, for example, the young woman who consulted a doctor.4 The patient's mother saw the doctor's wife socially a few days later. In the course of their conversation, the doctor's wife relayed information disclosed by the patient to the doctor during the ..... tients, she or the doctor could approach the relevant patient and,.

  3. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2010-12-21

    Dec 21, 2010 ... At the meeting, participants jointly developed a Vision for Health OER Network in Africa,2 which envisions a network of African institutions that would harness OER to share know- ledge, address curriculum gaps, and build communities of practice around health care education. Following the meeting, OER ...

  4. articles

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2011-12-04

    Dec 4, 2011 ... between the legal and psychiatric professions is not as effective as ... legal profession. The American Academy of Psychiatry and the. Law also highlights this when it mentions in its ethical guidelines that psychiatry and law have each ..... on helping court professionals to be more knowledgeable about.

  5. ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Campbell Murn

    this species. Vultures sold in stalls had been killed using agricultural chemicals, shotguns, traps, and ground tobacco powder. Urgent and drastic conservation measures are needed to prevent further exploitation of critically endangered vultures in Nigeria and ... hunting, electrocution and collision, disturbance, and ...

  6. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    MRS VIOLET IKOLO

    revealed that the teacher librarian have high level of job satisfaction. Also, Jeyara (2017) observed that 40% of teacher librarians were not satisfied with the whole facets related to their jobs. Pay is of importance in the discussion of the aspects of job satisfaction. Eva (2009) rated salary as one of the most satisfying aspects of ...

  7. ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Iron deficiency anaemia is a global public health problem as compelling and harmful as epidemics of ... death. Mental and motor development is impaired in anaemic infants and children and apathy, inactivity and .... use processed foods such as noodles, breakfast cereals and.soup cubes as vehicles for iron. Weaning foods ...

  8. ARTICLE

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    With permission we tape—recorded some of these sessions, transcribed the recordings on to paper and analysed the results by sifting out common themes of the FGDs. FINDINGS. The FGDs in the schools revealed several perceived obstacles to an effective health education schistosomiasis control programme in the area.

  9. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2012-12-04

    Dec 4, 2012 ... Corresponding author: G W Jones (gjones@cvh.on.ca). Objectives. Inadequate training of investigators in statistics and research methods in Africa contributes to having limited local evidence and infrastructure to support multi-centre international trials. Methods of teaching junior oncology professionals ...

  10. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2011-06-04

    Jun 4, 2011 ... research has focused on the relationship between the health care profes- sional and the patient.4,5 At least one study has ... meaningful group or ''social network'' or to signal (that one is playing) a socially meaningful role'. ... among students of similar academic backgrounds. Objective: The aim of this study ...

  11. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    BODE OLAJIDE

    resources on the academic performance of the undergraduates of Federal University Oye-Ekiti, (FUOYE), Nigeria. This research is a survey. The population for this study includes the final year students of faculties of Social Science, Humanities and ...

  12. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2012-06-27

    Jun 27, 2012 ... Kollapen stated that specific expenses in respect of the surrogate mother should be motivated in the agreement, as a danger exists that 'generic payments for expenditure without specificity may well run the risk of disguising the payment of compensation'.32 Full de- tails regarding the agency that facilitates ...

  13. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2012-12-01

    Dec 1, 2012 ... Corresponding author: D Pretorius (deodanda@andurihl.com). Four years ago, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) ceased compliance with the Declaration of Helsinki (DoH) (2000 revision and all subsequent revisions) for conduct of clinical trials outside its borders. It instead ruled that compliance ...

  14. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2009-06-12

    Jun 12, 2009 ... sexual intercourse. What is not clear, however, is whether gametes outside the human body may only be used for medical or dental purposes, or whether this section only .... has been expressed regarding the role of the presumptions in ..... ticulates it as follows in National Coalition for Gay and Lesbian.

  15. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    USER

    health issues with their young children. Adolescents need such information else they go in search in books and electronics. Some even ask friends as some ladies experience their first menstruation in school. The arrival and proliferation of electronic resources and digital libraries have already influenced and changed the ...

  16. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    GREATBENSON

    social media policy, low level of ICT literacy among librarians in public libraries are the major constraints to effective integration of social media. This study has not only provided empirical evidences on the readiness of librarians in public libraries towards integrating social media tools to library and information services but ...

  17. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    HP

    Abstract. The aim of the paper is to examine the level of awareness and use of social media in knowledge management practices in university libraries. The study is guided by three (3) objectives: to identify social media tools used in knowledge management (KM) practices; ascertain areas of knowledge management ...

  18. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Nelson Edewor

    Abstract. The changing nature of library services and the advent of social media network technology have created emphasis on its usage in academic institutions. Librarians are using the latest social media technology in marketing their information products and services to the library patrons. The aim of this study is ...

  19. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    HOD

    Internet Driven Learning Society in Nigerian Universities. The paper investigated the popularity of internet services within the university community and its consequences in academic performance. The study showed that there is a great adverse effect in the areas of combining social and media exploration like Facebooking ...

  20. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    FUTLIB12

    Electronic resources are sources of information in digital formats that are accessed using computers or hand-held ... tools like computer, internet, electronic networks and CD-ROMs. Before now, computer has ... the effect of access and utilisation of electronic information resources on academic performance of postgraduate ...

  1. ARTICLES -

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    transfer of resistant bacterial pathogens is increased. The emergence of resistant bacteria is, however, a global problem affecting not only nosocomial but also community-acquired infections. .... Quinolone or carbapenem plus aminoglycoside. • Carbapenem monotherapy. Potential additions to each regimen could be.

  2. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2012-12-01

    Dec 1, 2012 ... It will also consider when, under the Consumer Protection Act, such clauses may be regarded as unfair, unreasonable or unjust contract terms, and when certain terms and conditions have to be drawn to consumers' attention. Common law position regarding hospital exclusion clauses that limit liability for.

  3. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2011-06-18

    Jun 18, 2011 ... tomical lexicon the concept of unclaimed bodies, since these were viewed as the most acceptable source .... This, in turn, was further legitimised by the sentiment that those who have been looked after by .... This Act was amended in 1884 to extend the list of authorised people having lawful possession of a ...

  4. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    User

    library patrons on how to behave while in the library so as to minimize noise, and on how to use the library facilities so as to prolong the lifespan of ... and Sciences (TITS) and Panipat Institute of. Engineering and Technology (PIET) ..... own and know how to operate smartphones they find it easy and convenient to use the.

  5. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2012-07-11

    Jul 11, 2012 ... In medical training an intern or houseman is a professional who has almost completed training as a doctor and is ... which are important in the delivery of quality medical service, were not given adequate attention. ... (hospital management, hospital staff, academic opportunities), personal attributes and ...

  6. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2010-12-23

    Dec 23, 2010 ... of the course. Teaching biopsychosocial competence and the principles of primary health care (PHC) at the patient's bedside. Lauraine Vivian1, Sean .... Importance of good communication skills. • Holistic approach to taking a history. • Improved critical thinking skills. • Improved observation skills.

  7. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    political process, exercise rights of citizenship, generate wealth, create art, and provide for the common security. Amartya Sen famously theorised that the capability to avoid starvation, preventable morbidity, and early mortality is a substan- tive freedom that enriches human life. Depriving people of this ca- pability strips them ...

  8. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ONAADE OJO

    competitive dynamics and non-market factors that can be used to enhance competitive advantage. It is a relevant tool for strategic decision making which in return impacts national development. Though CI is an organizational function developed for the business organizations and later expanded to other sectors in the ...

  9. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    USER

    However, a low level of preference was established among the .... the students‟ preference for and access to electronic media resources including print, non- .... media resources (American College of Pediatricians, 2015). Approximately 4.5 hours were spent on television viewing and 1.5 hours playing videogames.

  10. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2011-12-06

    Some of the quotations from participants that are used in the section below were translated from Afrikaans to English.) Motivation to attend the short course. Supervisors attended the course for various reasons, for example they felt.

  11. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2011-06-15

    Jun 15, 2011 ... resource use, strategy use, and motivation'. Within all of this there are opportunities and challenges as highlighted by the following quotes. Skills development. EBP module has allowed me to develop skills regarding the process of evidence-based practice as well as reflecting on what I do and how. I do it.

  12. Articles

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2012-04-05

    Apr 5, 2012 ... Dirección General para la Biodiversidad,. Ministerio de Medio Ambiente, Madrid, 404 pp. Perea Rodríguez, J.L., Morales Villarroel, M. & Velasco Cabas, J. 1990. El Alimoche. (Neophron percnopterus) en España. Población, distribución, problemática y conservación. ICONA. Colección Técnica. Madrid.

  13. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Problem-based learning (PBL) is now an accepted component of medical school programmes in many parts of the world, such as the USA, Canada, the UK, the Middle East, Asia1-3 and Africa, including South Africa. In. PBL the small-group tutorial environment is believed to not only support the development of knowledge ...

  14. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    , in 2000 ... an offence and obliges employers who still allow smoking in the workplace to provide designated smoking areas. However, the Act also ..... sexual harassment, the case discloses that there was a smoking policy in place and that the ...

  15. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    user

    Abstract. The study investigated the extent of awareness and use of The Essential Electronic Agricultural. Library (TEEAL) resources by faculty members of Federal University, Kashere and Federal. College of Education (Technical) Gombe. A survey design was adopted for the study. The questionnaire was used as data ...

  16. ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2007-09-02

    Sep 2, 2007 ... refuse dump, feeding on remains of former carcasses or foraging in palm stands. King Vultures also monitored large .... predator had finished feeding, returned to eat the remains. The next episode started on 23 June, the day after a carcass was finished and the King Vultures (n = 21) had left the valley.

  17. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2009-06-30

    Jun 30, 2009 ... people, especially the elderly, those facing a terminal disease such as dementia and those who are in ... for this control by enabling a person to express wishes regarding possible treatment for the future .... Because she refuses to discuss her wishes for treatment with him and the rest of their family, Sipiwe ...

  18. articles

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2011-09-03

    Sep 3, 2011 ... memory deficits as well as her co-morbid OCD. Her functioning has declined in the course of the 10 years since the diagnosis of schizophrenia. Later age of onset of schizophrenia. Case 5. Jake presented with onset of schizophrenia at the age of 53. He had passivity phenomena, auditory hallucinations, ...

  19. article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abel

    could in turn explain broader developments and general trends in history. The multifaceted history of the South African War (1899–1902) still intrigues researchers and continues to stimulate research, which often results in important shifts of emphasis and in direction shifts in historiography. In some instances, the shifts in ...

  20. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2011-06-24

    Jun 24, 2011 ... by the police. Whether or not allegations of dealings in body parts between certain staff and umuthi (medicine) sellers in Durban are true, the lack of proper ... in the USA.20,25. Human genes are among the items patented. The Council for. Responsible Genetics (CRG) cites research showing that in 2005.

  1. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    atrocities perpetrated during apartheid on mainly black South. Africans ... The exhibitions across Europe, Asia, USA and .... racist scientist. De Blainville's lecture on Baartman was published in 1816.16 The illustration by Berré in this publication demonstrated. 'De Blainville's invented elongated labia minora' which hung sus-.

  2. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2010-08-03

    Aug 3, 2010 ... example, literature suggests variously that assessment drives learning,11 that assessment needs to be 'authentic' to be effective,12 that 'good' assessment should promote 'deep' learning,13 that assessment needs to be. 'aligned' with outcomes and teaching strategies to be effective,14 and/ or.

  3. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2012-12-01

    Dec 1, 2012 ... is not published in peer-reviewed journals and charges are exorbitant for treatments that are no more than experimental.10 Many treatments are offered in countries where there is no legal pathway for medical negligence claims.10 Often there is also no ethics review process to ensure proper conduct by a ...

  4. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Windows User

    intention for mobile learning on 3G mobile Internet technology in South-West part of. Nigeria. World Journal of Engineering and Pure and Applied Sciences, 1(2), 19-28. Relative Contributions of Individual, Institutional and System factors to Utilisation of Research4Life Databases in National Agricultural Research Institutes in ...

  5. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2010-08-15

    Aug 15, 2010 ... Using portfolios to assess professional competence and development in medical laboratory sciences. Christian C Ezeala, PhD, MSc, MICR (UK), CSci (UK), AIMLS, Lecturer, Department of Health Sciences, Fiji School of Medicine, Fiji. National University, Suva, Fiji Islands; Formerly Senior Lecturer/HOD, ...

  6. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    medical community and urgent and serious consideration will have to be given to tort reform. The threat of litigation: Private ... a 30% increase in the frequency of medical negligence claims in. South Africa.1 Over the same period ... arrangements do increase access to the law to all, in reality the actual benefits are probably ...

  7. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    USER

    ROM, Online database, and World Wide Web. These resources are used to acquire, store, process, retrieve, and disseminate information. Abubakar (2011) in a study on availability and use of ICT in six Nigerian university library schools notably ...

  8. articles

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Corresponding author: P M van Zyl (vzylpm@ufs.ac.za). Introduction. Current data regarding treatment needs in South Africa for substance dependence are based on .... Table 1. Frequency of help-seeking for alcohol dependence at different groups of professional healthcare practitioners. Frequency. Groups of professional ...

  9. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The large sums of money invested by drug companies in clinical research have resulted in a veritable research ... of these strategies involved the creation of institutional review boards to oversee the ethics of clinical ... mean that enrolling patients with a particular disease process is much easier than in the developed world.

  10. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    physician empathy in patient-care situations (JSPE-Student or. S-version). The JSPE has been translated into 25 languages including Belgian, Brazilian, Chinese, Chilean, Dutch, French,. German, Greek, Hebrew, Hungarian, Italian, Japanese, Korean,. Lithuanian, Norwegian, Persian, Peruvian, Filipino, Polish,. Portuguese ...

  11. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2012-07-22

    Jul 22, 2012 ... based training (CBT) model structured around the CanMEDS graduate profile.2 This is the approach the University of Botswana School of Medicine. (UBSoM) is using in its undergraduate and MMed curricula design. Comparison between MMed Anaesthesia programmes in the SADC. Farai Daniel ...

  12. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2008-06-11

    Jun 11, 2008 ... raises many ethical and human rights dilemmas, principally because it trades off the human rights of individuals against the public good. However, the ... there have also been particular concerns over the violations of human rights ...... E. Promoting adherence to antiretroviral therapy: the experience from a.

  13. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    yinka

    management in organizations avers that KM support innovation, encourages free flow of ideas, increases ... focuses, facets, elements or components of knowledge management which works in relation to one another to .... useful for group decision-making support distributed and virtual project teams where team members ...

  14. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    user

    Information Impact | Journal of Information and Knowledge Management ... Influence of Job Satisfaction, Need Achievement and Team Work on Work Performance .... members of working groups take on accountability for goals other than their own. True teams, conversely, require both individual and group accountability.

  15. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    to be seen as individuals with their own individual interests and needs, not to be ... particularly in the context of a public health intervention, in view of the demands of other competing moral interests, and because it is silent on the ethics of ..... expectations and responsibilities attached to expectant mothers? Such questions ...

  16. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    a duty on the state to respect, protect, fulfil and promote these rights.1 Organs of state and certain persons, ... distanced themselves from moral responsibility for the shortcom- ings of the system within which they worked ... vulnerable individuals, whose human rights may be violated at the hands of law enforcement agencies.

  17. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    HP

    in the world of Web 2.0, using a specialized university as a case study. Of the themes that emerged, of interest in this paper are the nuances of individual lecturers and its impact on students‟ information behavior and creativity. The research ..... Students were able to chat freely with their lecturer on social media for the first ...

  18. ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    gases from the apparatus to the patient, and vice versa; (iii) soda lime filters bacteria imperfectly and, although it does kill many pathogens, Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Bacillus species survive prolonged exposure. As a consequence of these and other findings, some experts believe that breathing circuits should be ...

  19. Articles

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ZeldaH

    36, D 72459 Albstadt, Germany. dghaas@web.de. 2Department of Forest Resources and Wildlife Management, ... The language of these old texts is. Sanskrit. Thus the Egyptian Vulture. Neophron ... Their bones are thrown into a deep concavity like a well, made in the centre of it, as per this figure [i.e. our Figure 2], I having ...

  20. ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2007-03-02

    Mar 2, 2007 ... fledging a chick. In the year following capture (2003) the bird produced another fledgling from the same nest. In 2004 the bird occupied the same home range, but did not breed. PTT temperature. Mean nighttime temperature of the PTT was 23±3˚C (range: 13–31˚C, n=209) was less variable (F=140.38 df=1, ...

  1. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    funaab

    method was employed and a questionnaire was used to gather data for the study. Three thousand copies of the ... such as preschool story times to encourage early literacy, quiet study and work areas for students .... specifically for the promotion of reading among children in the areas the library serves as their current usage ...

  2. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2012-06-20

    Jun 20, 2012 ... from stigma and discrimination as well as assured access to in- tegrated prevention, treatment and ... erase HIV/AIDS-related stigma and discrimination at all lev- els, notably within healthcare settings ..... research reports have raised the issue of abortion as one choice a woman might make in light of her ...

  3. Articles

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2011-09-01

    Sep 1, 2011 ... The birds from this colony forage mainly in an open patchwork of wheat fields and pastures, with some remnant patches of coastal renosterveld. (relatively low growing). ... The exact position of the bird could be determined whenever it ... which affects overall fitness balance, can occur (see the discussion in ...

  4. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ONAADE OJO

    Competitive intelligence is defined as a systematic and ethical program for gathering and analyzing information about your competitor's activities and general business trends to further your own company's goals (The Society of Competitive Intelligence Professionals (SCID) cited by Bexon, Stephens, & Pritchett 2012).

  5. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hp 2000 pc

    creativity, diminishes talents and denies the intellectuals of the rights to the benefits of their property. There have been increasing concerns from authors and publishing industry in Nigeria over illegal book trade. This is because, pirates do not bear origination of published materials yet they sell and profit from fake products ...

  6. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2012-12-01

    Dec 1, 2012 ... based on negative results from a companion study in the Americas. (HVTN 502 or ... HIV/AIDS Vaccines Ethics Group, School of Applied Human Sciences, College of Humanities, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban. C Slack ... seropositive, 'might cause an as yet undefined effect on the immune response ...

  7. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2012-12-01

    Dec 1, 2012 ... public-spirited ways.' Now, what did Adam Smith (1723 – 1790), the Scottish social philosopher and father of modern economics, have in mind when he used the term 'moral sentiments'? Smith regarded human relationships as the source of our ability to form moral judgements. This ability counters our ...

  8. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Windows User

    Standard Deviation to answer research questions while t-test, Analysis of Variance and Simple. Regression Analysis were used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significant. The result revealed that there is a ..... Table 6: Simple linear regression analysis for the influence of functionality of ICT facilities on their usage for ...

  9. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ABIOLA SOKOYA

    Abstract. The Internet as a useful tool that supports teaching and learning is not in full use in most secondary schools in Nigeria hence limiting the students from maximizing the potentials of. Internet in advancing their academic pursuits. This study, therefore, examined the extent to which computer self-efficacy and computer ...

  10. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    repetition of learning until all students have achieved the required level of proficiency.1 Simulation may reduce ... The use of simulation in a CSC to teach, learn and assess the indi- vidual practical procedures allows ... used to pilot the questionnaire in order to identify errors and ambigu- ous questions. The questionnaires ...

  11. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2012-12-02

    Dec 2, 2012 ... All involved in public policy processes are accountable for CoI, including experts, scientists, professionals, industry and government officials. ..... and TV before 9 pm, at sporting events or on social media sites).32,33. In February ... industry gains considerable public relations and marketing benefit while the ...

  12. ARTICLE

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    sonnel (n=41) available on the day of the survey, using a topic guide. We interviewed antenatal mothers (n=287) using a sepa- rate topic guide and we checked their antenatal cards against their verbal responses. We explored ..... who received a blood transfusion in the paediatric depart- ment from March 1996 until May ...

  13. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    user

    various forms like e-books, digital libraries, online journal magazine, e-learning tutors and online text. ... Similarly,. Kwadzo (2015) observed that many studies have been undertaken on electronic databases in the areas of ... Kwadzo (2015) about the awareness and usage of electronic databases by graduate students of the.

  14. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    HOD

    advantages and benefits, such as the ease of learning anywhere and anytime, as well as can motivate students in learning activities. Sarwar and Soomro (2013) argued that the ..... The Effect of Smartphone on Students' Critical Thinking. Skill in Relation to the Concept of Biodiversity. American Journal of Educational.

  15. Top-100 cited articles on headache disorders: A bibliometric analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Kang Min; Park, Bong Soo; Park, Sihyung; Yoon, Dae Young; Bae, Jong Seok

    2017-06-01

    The purpose of this study was to identify and characterize the most-cited articles on headache disorders published in journals that have made key contributions in the field. We performed a search of journals and selected the top-100 cited articles by utilizing the Institute for Scientific Information database available under the banner of the Web of Science, which provides the most relevant bibliometric information on scientific articles published since 1950. The top-100 cited articles were published in 20 journals. The most frequently cited journal was Neurology (19 articles), and followed by Cephalagia (15 articles) and Headache (15 articles). Migraine was the most common topic subject (81 articles), and original articles predominated (91 articles). The topics of the classic articles had varied from decade to decade. The most common topic subject was epidemiology (37 articles), followed by pathophysiology (20 articles), treatment (18 articles), review (10 articles), neuroimaging (11 articles), genetics (3 articles), and diagnostic tools (2 articles). The present study has produced a detailed list of the most-cited articles on headache disorders, which is the first such study in this field. This list makes it possible to recognize the classic articles on headache disorders as well as research trends and academic achievements in this field. Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  16. Surface treatment of ceramic articles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Komvopoulos, K.; Brown, I.G.; Wei, B.; Anders, S.; Anders, A.; Bhatia, C.S.

    1998-01-01

    A process is disclosed for producing an article with improved ceramic surface properties including providing an article having a ceramic surface, and placing the article onto a conductive substrate holder in a hermetic enclosure. Thereafter a low pressure ambient is provided in the hermetic enclosure. A plasma including ions of solid materials is produced the ceramic surface of the article being at least partially immersed in a macroparticle free region of the plasma. While the article is immersed in the macroparticle free region, a bias of the substrate holder is biased between a low voltage at which material from the plasma condenses on the surface of the article and a high negative voltage at which ions from the plasma are implanted into the article. 15 figs

  17. Radiation stress relieving of polymer articles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Frisch, D.C.; Weber, W.

    1982-01-01

    A method of rapidly relieving stress in an extruded or molded polymer article is disclosed. The method can be used in the preparation of printed circuit boards. An article comprised of the polymer is exposed to electromagnetic radiation, for a time period sufficient to absorb enough energy to stress relieve the polymer against stress cracking therein. Exposure occurs at one or more ranges of frequencies which are capable of being absorbed by the polymer and which are effective for stress relieving without or substantially without causing heat induced softening or flowing of the polymer. The electromagnetic radiation is selected from the ranges of infrared, microwave or ultraviolet radiation

  18. Retraction of published article The article with the following ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ACSS

    The article with the following particulars (A) has been retracted from publication in the African. Crop Science Journal due to later emergency of evidence that parts of its contents were earlier published in another article in The Crop Journal with particulars presented in (B) below: A: MD. Mokter Hossain, Hon-Ming Lam and ...

  19. Article-in-a-Box

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Volume 1 Issue 5 May 1996 pp 2-2 Article-in-a-Box. Chief Editor's column / The First Electronic Computer · V Rajaraman · More Details Fulltext PDF. Volume 1 Issue 6 June 1996 pp 2-4 Article-in-a-Box. Konrad Lorenz · Raghavendra Gadagkar · More Details Fulltext PDF. Volume 1 Issue 8 August 1996 pp 3-4 Article-in-a- ...

  20. Societal Controversies in Wikipedia Articles

    OpenAIRE

    Borra, E.; Weltevrede, E.; Ciuccarelli, P.; Kaltenbrunner, A.; Laniado, D.; Magni, G.; Mauri, M.; Rogers, R.; Venturini, T.

    2015-01-01

    Collaborative content creation inevitably reaches situations where different points of view lead to conflict. We focus on Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia anyone may edit, where disputes about content in controversial articles often reflect larger societal debates. While Wikipedia has a public edit history and discussion section for every article, the substance of these sections is difficult to phantom for Wikipedia users interested in the development of an article and in locating which...

  1. Research Article Marker aided selection and validation of various Pi ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    mithila

    rice is consumed in Asia where it is a staple food for majority of the population. Being one of the largest and fast growing Asian countries, India requires around 350 million tons of rice in future. (Mohanty, 2013). ... from fungicides, cultural practices such as reduction of nitrogen fertilizer and water management can limit the ...

  2. Journal of Chinese Society of Astronautics (Selected Articles),

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-04-06

    simulated axial oscillation of flexible j 3 -Z 3 snq’oqn ig i. The flexible r’nnecon heal connects * aptiely with the end ring and the lower flat plate...n n tiol - ’ 1 hch z., -ind Z, ’-tr’e i,iaf t w iosly smualler ,2 , ,er >1 : ’-le Thiereore, we take the two solution sets of s . , ’,;’,q r-sps ti...axes . The reason for this is that the intersection line of R, and R,_,. is located on R,_, on the one hand , arid,, therefore, crosses the Z1-1 axis

  3. Proceedings of the International Betatron Symposium (5th) (Selected Articles)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-04-24

    doughnut begins only with the specific magnitude of the charge of that trapped into acceleraticn. Ir this case is generated only one first impulse...about the economical utilization of the accelerated beam of particles. By the solution cf this questicn are represented two basic possibilities: the

  4. book review article: a selection of some significant and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Administrator

    collections management unit of Robben Island Museum (a unique record of apartheid, the freedom struggle and .... creating an important historical source as well as a proper analysis of the military history of the war. The Illustrated ..... Axis armour and motorised troops overran the Harbour. She cast off under heavy fire and ...

  5. Journal of Nanjing Institute of Technology (Selected Articles),

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-12-09

    electrodes and used the sealing-in technique of first-order transition DWQ glass. Experimental research was carried out on a CuCI laser with a 1.2...Long Life Laser The sealed-off self-heated CuCI laser with repetitive pulses is a device which uses fast speed pulsed excitation with repetition

  6. The A. V. Khrulev Military Academy (Selected Articles)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1977-03-30

    personnel with the soldiers of the Army of the republic Cuba. The representatives of the Cuban Army hotly and emtionally told, as lives and fights the, Cuban ... cinema . Important place in the rest of soldiers occupies artistic independent activity. Heat encountered the cadets of the author of the 3-oka, about...artists of cinema and stage. rhey in the guests had artists of N. V. Nordyukova, K. N. Sorokin, T. K. Troshin, Z. A. Fedzrov, S. N. Philipp, K. I

  7. Journal of the Chinese Society of Astronautics (Selected Articles),

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-07-01

    many small disturbances, then the error model may be written as f(3) According to the Central Limit Theorem , normal distribution N(m, a) must be...intuitively from Figure 1. fl. ± * a PCP ; P-, Pz P* P Figure 1 Figure 2 -ra iator s note: In- - forei gn text. Fence, we should use "high negative

  8. Apparatus for orientating cylindrical articles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lauder, D.R.; Bailey, A.

    1984-01-01

    First and second chambers, each having a rotor, are interconnected by a passage. The first chamber has a contoured periphery to receive articles and the passage is shaped and dimensioned to permit travel therealong only of those articles which are orientated in the first chamber with their longitudinal axes either in the direction of travel or normal to the direction of travel. Articles in other orientations are carried round the first chamber by the rotor for representation at the passage. The rotor in the second chamber permits the passage of those articles which have their longitudinal axes in the direction of travel and topples by means of blades, the articles having their axes normal to the direction of travel into positions in which the axes are in the direction of travel. (author)

  9. Selective Europeanization

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hoch Jovanovic, Tamara; Lynggaard, Kennet

    2014-01-01

    This article investigates the question: why has Danish minority policy shown such remarkable selectiveness with regard to Europeanization? This question is particularly pertinent given that Denmark is typically seen as an otherwise very efficient and keen complier, especially with EU norms and ru...

  10. [How to write an article: formal aspects].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corral de la Calle, M A; Encinas de la Iglesia, J

    2013-06-01

    Scientific research and the publication of the results of the studies go hand in hand. Exquisite research methods can only be adequately reflected in formal publication with the optimum structure. To ensure the success of this process, it is necessary to follow orderly steps, including selecting the journal in which to publish and following the instructions to authors strictly as well as the guidelines elaborated by diverse societies of editors and other institutions. It is also necessary to structure the contents of the article in a logical and attractive way and to use an accurate, clear, and concise style of language. Although not all the authors are directly involved in the actual writing, elaborating a scientific article is a collective undertaking that does not finish until the article is published. This article provides practical advice about formal and not-so-formal details to take into account when writing a scientific article as well as references that will help readers find more information in greater detail. Copyright © 2012 SERAM. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  11. 數位圖書博物館的資訊基礎建設──中央研究院Metadata的規劃設計與實施 | Metadata Practice for the Digital Library──A View from Academia Sinica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    陳亞寧等 Ya-ning Chen et al.

    1999-10-01

    Full Text Available

    頁次:71-90

    面對日益增多的資訊組織需求,已有許多單位從事詮釋資料(Metadata 的制訂與應用,同時也成為各國數位圖書博物館計畫中的必備研究項目之一。然而,在眾多各式詮釋資料格式元素中,如何選取一套適用的詮釋資料,卻是極為不易。本文主旨在於以中央研究院個案研究為例,探緊詮釋資料的發展設計、規畫分析與實施應用。本文共分為六部份,計有計畫緣起、文獻探討與分析(包括詮釋資料的定義、發展方式、範團與功能、形態、元素的屬性與發展途徑及選擇與評鑑、實施方式、研究成果、研究發現及結語等。

    Nowadays diverse metadata formats have been developed and used to organize the digital information and achieve resources discovery. It seems to be a dilemma how to apply specific metadata format to accommodate all different contents similar to Academia Sinica situation. The purpose of this paper will first take a literature review on state-of-the-art of metadata. Then authors will explain how Academia Sinica develops a me1ada1a framework environment to integrate any current metadata formats into a common model. Finally, the paper will clarify the research results and findings, and suggest the future research for Academia Sinica.

  12. Published journal article with data

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — published journal article. This dataset is associated with the following publication: Schumacher, B., J. Zimmerman, J. Elliot, and G. Swanson. The Effect of...

  13. The collection of published articles

    OpenAIRE

    DVOŘÁK, Petr

    2016-01-01

    The aim of the collection of published articles is to define the requisite social skills of the English language teacher as a part of his/her professional competence, in the context of communicative language teaching in classroom interactions between English teachers and adolescent pupils. The theoretical preliminaries of the research whose findings are presented in the articles are the functional communicative approach to language and communicative language teaching. The attention is paid to...

  14. Neutron absorbing article and method for manufacture of such article

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hortman, M.T.; Mcmurtry, C.H.; Naum, R.G.; Owens, D.P.

    1980-01-01

    A neutron absorbing article, preferably in long, thin, flat form , suitable for but not necessarily limited to use in storage racks for spent nuclear fuel at locations between volumes of such stored fuel, to absorb neutrons from said spent fuel and prevent uncontrolled nuclear reaction of the spent fuel material, is composed of finely divided boron carbide particles and a solid, irreversibly cured phenolic polymer, forming a continuous matrix about the boron carbide particles, in such proportions that at least 6% of b10 from the boron carbide content is present therein. The described articles withstand thermal cycling from repeated spent fuel insertions and removals, withstand radiation from said spent nuclear fuel over long periods of time without losing desirable neutron absorbing and physical properties, are sufficiently chemically inert to water so as to retain neutron absorbing properties if brought into contact with it, are not galvanically corrodible and are sufficiently flexible so as to withstand operational basis earthquake and safe shutdown earthquake seismic events, without loss of neutron absorbing capability and other desirable properties, when installed in storage racks for spent nuclear fuel. The disclosure also relates to a plurality of such neutron absorbing articles in a storage rack for spent nuclear fuel and to a method for the manufacture of the articles

  15. [Top-cited academic articles in acupuncture and moxibustion research].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Shengfeng; Zou, Ying; Wang, Rudong; Yu, Meiling

    2017-08-12

    To identify the 100 top-cited articles published in journals dedicated to acupuncture & moxibustion research and analyze their characteristics so as to explore its academic state. All the articles were collected from the China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI, January 1, 1943 to December 25, 2016), Web of Science (January 1, 1950 to December 25, 2016), WANFANG Database (January 1, 1998 to December 25, 2016). The top-cited articles were selected and analyzed with regard to publication year, number of citations, journals, authors, country or region, institution, title, type and subject. One hundred and two articles were included, 43 Chinese articles and 59 English articles, cited between 146 and 505 times, and the average number of citation was 222. Of the 10 articles cited in the top 10, China and the United States had 4 articles respectively. These articles appeared in 44 journals, 24 articles in Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion , followed by 8 articles in Pain . All the articles belonged to 9 countries and regions, 47 articles from mainland China and 21 articles from the United State. Of the 14 institutes whose article number ranked at top 10, Tianjing University of TCM had 8 articles. The first authors published most papers were professor HAN Jisheng and Cherkin DC, each of whom had 4 articles. All the articles were categorized into basic science article (n=27), clinical research (n=33) and literature study (n=42). The main topics were pain diseases and brain impairment. This analysis of high cited articles reveals academic trends and directions of acupuncture and moxibustion. Acupuncture and moxibustion are more and more recognized by mainstream medicine in the world, but the academic dominance of China has been increasingly challenged by the United States, Germany and so on.

  16. Interpersonal Metadiscourse Markers in Opinion Articles:

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bayu Permana Sukma

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Writers can apply interpersonal metadiscourse markers to encode an interaction and build a relationship with their readers. In some particular genres, such as newspaper discourse, they can even be used as means of attaining persuasive goals. Initiated by the idea, the present writer attempts to explore the use of interpersonal metadiscourse markers in Indonesian newspaper opinion articles. This present study aims to investigate interpersonal metadiscourse categories and subcategories applied and most predominantly occuring in the type of newspaper article. For the data, eleven selected articles of an Indonesian newspaper were taken to analyze by using Dafouz’s (2008 classification of interpersonal metadiscourse markers. Results reveal that interpersonal metadiscourse categories (hedges, certainty markers, attributors, attitude markers, and commentaries and subcategories (epistemic verbs, probability adverbs, deontic verbs, attitudinal adverbs, attitudinal adjectives, cognitive verbs, rhetorical questions, inclusive expressions, personalizations, and asides were used in Indonesian opinion articles. It is also found that attitude markers and two subcategories, which are deontic and epistemic verbs, are most frequently present in the texts.

  17. Radiation cured silicone rubber articles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    DuPont, J.G.; Goodwin, P.A.

    1984-01-01

    A process for making radiation cured silicone rubber articles is disclosed wherein a hydroxyl-terminated polysilaxane having a molecular weight from about 50,000 to about 2,000,000, optionally modified by mixing with up to 85% of an end-stopped silicone rubber, is mixed with from about 10 to about 70 parts per hundred of rubber of a finely divided silica filler with a particle size in the reinforcing range and other inert fillers as determined by desired final properties; the composition so prepared is formed into the desired shape at room temperature; the article so formed is precured to improve the mechanical properties of the material with which it is made by exposure to ammonia gas, ammonium hydroxide, or to the vapors or solutions of a volatile amine at room temperature; and the precured article is irradiated with high energy electrons or gamma radiation to effect a permanent cure of the material from which the article is formed

  18. Article choice in plural generics

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Farkas, D.F.; Swart, Henriëtte de

    2007-01-01

    We discuss two groups of languages where article use contrasts in generic plural sentences but is otherwise essentially similar. The languages in the first group (English and Dutch) use bare plurals in the expression of kind reference (‘Dinosaurs are extinct’) and in generic

  19. BALLISTIC RESISTANT ARTICLES COMPRISING TAPES

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    VAN DER EEM, JORIS; HARINGS, JULES; JANSE, GERARDUS; TJADEN, HENDRIK

    2015-01-01

    The invention pertains to a ballistic-resistant moulded article comprising a compressed stack of sheets comprising reinforcing tapes having a tensile strength of at least 1.0 GPa, a tensile modulus of at least 40 GPa, and a tensile energy-to-break of at least 15 J/g, the direction of the tapes

  20. Societal Controversies in Wikipedia Articles

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Borra, E.; Weltevrede, E.; Ciuccarelli, P.; Kaltenbrunner, A.; Laniado, D.; Magni, G.; Mauri, M.; Rogers, R.; Venturini, T.

    2015-01-01

    Collaborative content creation inevitably reaches situations where different points of view lead to conflict. We focus on Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia anyone may edit, where disputes about content in controversial articles often reflect larger societal debates. While Wikipedia has a public edit

  1. Main Propulsion Test Article (MPTA)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snoddy, Cynthia

    2010-01-01

    Scope: The Main Propulsion Test Article integrated the main propulsion subsystem with the clustered Space Shuttle Main Engines, the External Tank and associated GSE. The test program consisted of cryogenic tanking tests and short- and long duration static firings including gimbaling and throttling. The test program was conducted on the S1-C test stand (Position B-2) at the National Space Technology Laboratories (NSTL)/Stennis Space Center. 3 tanking tests and 20 hot fire tests conducted between December 21 1 1977 and December 17, 1980 Configuration: The main propulsion test article consisted of the three space shuttle main engines, flightweight external tank, flightweight aft fuselage, interface section and a boilerplate mid/fwd fuselage truss structure.

  2. Article n_TOF : rectificatif

    CERN Multimedia

    2008-01-01

    Une erreur s’est malencontreusement glissée dans la version française de la dernière édition du Bulletin papier. L’introduction (en gras) de l’article « Les neutrons sur la piste de décollage » était celle de l’article sur le Linac 4 paru dans l’édition précédente. Le paragraphe correct est le suivant : « Au repos depuis quatre ans, les neutrons volent à nouveau dans l’installation n_TOF (mesure du temps de vol des neutrons), qui vient d’être remise en service avec une nouvelle cible. » Veuillez nous excuser pour cette erreur.

  3. Uruguay; 2011 Article IV Consultation

    OpenAIRE

    International Monetary Fund

    2011-01-01

    This 2011 Article IV Consultation highlights that the growth momentum in Uruguay has continued into 2011 but a slowdown is under way, led by weaker exports and slower public investment. Uruguay’s economic and financial vulnerabilities are modest, and the government has reduced debt vulnerabilities significantly and built important financial buffers. Executive Directors have commended authorities’ skillful macroeconomic management that has underpinned Uruguay’s excellent economic performance, ...

  4. articles: Describing migration spatial structure

    OpenAIRE

    Andrei Rogers; Frans Willekens; James Raymer; Jani Little

    2002-01-01

    The age structure of a population is a fundamental concept in demography and is generally depicted in the form of an age pyramid. The spatial structure of an interregional system of origin-destination-specific migration streams is, however, a notion lacking a widely accepted definition. We offer a definition in this article, one that draws on the log-linear specification of the geographer's spatial interaction model. We illustrate our definition with observed migration data, we discuss extens...

  5. Digitization research article Feb 2010

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    User

    Abstract. The survey paper made an effort to analyze the status of digitization process in selected institutions of Addis Ababa city, Ethiopia, February 2009. The focal objective of the survey was to identify the scope, current practices, development endeavors and future considerations of digitization of records or archival ...

  6. Tracking Theory Building and Use Trends in Selected LIS Journals: More Research is Needed. A review of: Kim, Sung‐Jin, and Dong Y. Jeong. “An Analysis of the Development and Use of Theory in Library and Information Science Research Articles.” Library & Information Science Research 28.4 (Sept. 2006: 548‐62.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carol Perryman

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective ‐ The authors measure theory incidents occurring in four LIS journals between 1984‐2003 in order to examine their number and quality and to analyze them by topic. A third objective, only identified later in the text of the study, was to compare theory development and use between Korean and international journals. Research questions asked include whether LIS has its own theoretical base as a discipline, and what characteristics the theoretical framework has.Design – Bibliometric study.Setting – Journal issues selected from four LIS journals for the time span from 1984 ‐ 2003.Subjects – Two international journals, Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology (JASIST and Library and Information Science Research (LISR were selected based on their high ranking in the Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI impact factors. Two Korean journals, Journal of the Korean Society for Information Management (JKSIM and Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science (JKSLIS were selected.Methods ‐ After having determined a definition of theory, and identifying different levels of theory, the authors set up rules for the identification of theory incidents, which are defined as “events in which the author contributed to the development or the use of theory in his/her own paper” (550. Content analysis of 1661 research articles was performed to measure theory incidents according to working definitions. Interrater reliability was ensured by conducting independent coding for “subfield classification, identification of theory incidents, and quality measurement” (555,using a sample of 199 articles (random selection not specified, achieving 94‐97% interrater reliability. Incidents, once identified, were evaluated for quality using Dubin’s “efficiency of law” criteria, involving measures of relatedness, directionality, co‐variation, rate of change, and “profundity,” defined as the

  7. Selecting Extensive Reading Materials

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    George M Jacobs

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available This article offers guidance to teachers and students in selecting materials for extensive reading (ER. First, the article explains characteristics of ER and reviews some of the potential gains for students who do ER. Second, the article considers criteria for teachers to bear in mind when selecting ER materials. Third, the article then suggests ways that teachers and students can find ER materials. Fourth, guidance is provided to students for when they select what to read from among the ER materials available to them. Finally, advice is given on integrating ER with course textbooks.

  8. Mathematical Articles for the general public

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Vagn Lundsgaard

    2003-01-01

    Report on an article competition for mathematical articles addressing the general public arranged by the European Mathematical Society.......Report on an article competition for mathematical articles addressing the general public arranged by the European Mathematical Society....

  9. A survey of retracted articles in dentistry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nogueira, Túlio Eduardo; Gonçalves, Andréia Souza; Leles, Cláudio Rodrigues; Batista, Aline Carvalho; Costa, Luciane Rezende

    2017-07-06

    Publication retraction is a mechanism to preserve the scientific literature against publications that contain seriously flawed or erroneous data, redundant publication, plagiarism, unethical research, and other features that compromise the integrity of science. An increase in the occurrence of retractions in recent years has been reported. Nevertheless, there is scarce information on this topic concerning publications in dentistry and related specialties. Thus, this study aimed to investigate retracted papers published in dental journals. Data collection included an exploratory search in PubMed and a specific search in SCImago Journal Rank indexed journals, complemented by the cases reported on the Retraction Watch website and in PubMed. All 167 dental journals included in SCImago were searched for identification of retracted articles up to March 2016. The selected retracted articles and their corresponding retraction notices were recorded and assessed for classification according to the reason for retraction and other additional information. Forty of the 167 journals scrutinised at SCImago (23.9%) had at least one retracted article, and four additional journals were identified from the Retraction Watch website. A total of 72 retracted found were retracted for the reasons: redundant publication (20.8%), plagiarism (18.1%), misconduct (13.8%), overlap (13.6%) and honest error (9.7%). Higher number of retractions were reported in those journals with cites/doc <2.0-n = 49 (74.2%). The types of studies were mainly laboratory studies (34.7%), case reports (22.2%) and review articles (13.9%). The approach to ethical problems in papers published in dental scientific journals is still incipient; retractions were mostly due to the authors' malpractice and were more frequently related to journals with less impact.

  10. Location and indexing of articles written by podiatric physicians.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parkinson, A; Fikar, C R

    1998-10-01

    This study was undertaken to determine which biomedical journals contain articles written by podiatric physicians and in which indexing sources such articles are likely to appear. A survey was conducted of the 20 most frequently published podiatrist authors from a selected group of podiatric journals during the period from 1990 to 1995. Articles published by these authors during the study period were examined to determine where they had appeared. The MEDLINE database was found to contain the largest number of citations to articles written by these podiatric physicians. Both the Podiatry Index and Embase are also very good sources of citations to podiatric medical literature and should be used to supplement MEDLINE searches.

  11. Phobias and Preparedness - Republished Article.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seligman, Martin E P

    2016-09-01

    Some inadequacies of the classical conditioning analysis of phobias are discussed: phobias are highly resistant to extinction, whereas laboratory fear conditioning, unlike avoidance conditioning, extinguishes rapidly; phobias comprise a nonarbitrary and limited set of objects, whereas fear conditioning is thought to occur to an unlimited range of conditioned stimuli. Furthermore, phobias, unlike laboratory fear conditioning, are often acquired in one trial and seem quite resistant to change by "cognitive" means. An analysis of phobias using a more contemporary model of fear conditioning is proposed. In this view, phobias are seen as instances of highly "prepared" learning (Seligman, 1970). Such prepared learning is selective, highly resistant to extinction, probably noncognitive and can be acquired in one trial. A reconstruction of the notion of symbolism is suggested. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  12. Periodontal Dressing: A Review Article

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zahra Baghani

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper was to review the commercially available periodontal dressings, their physical and chemical properties, biocompatibility and therapeutic effects. Electronic search of scientific papers from 1956 to 2012 was carried out using PubMed, Scopus and Wiley InterScience search engines using the searched terms periodontal dressing, periodontal pack. Numerous in vitro and in vivo studies have evaluated various properties of periodontal dressings. Physical and chemical properties of dressings are directly related to their dimensional changes and adhesion properties. Their biocompatibility and therapeutic effect are among the other factors evaluated in the literature. Chlorhexidine is the most commonly used antibacterial agent in studies. In general, when comparing the advantages with the disadvantages, application of periodontal dressing seems to be beneficial. Numerous factors are involved in selection of an optimal dressing such as surgeon’s intention, required time for the dressing to remain on the surgery site and its dimensional changes.

  13. Revised article: Business Ideas Competition

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    THIS ARTICLE REPLACES THAT PUBLISHED IN BULLETIN 27/2003, PAGE 8. "The Rainbow Seed Fund is a UK fund, which provides finance to support the commercialization of good ideas founded on scientific research; it is for the benefit of the UK industry in particular. To encourage ideas from CERN the Rainbow Seed Fund is running a business ideas competition. The winner of this competition will receive an immediate cash prize of GBP £1,000. In addition the Rainbow Seed Fund may well provide finance for market research, for protection of Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) and for prototyping to take the idea forward. Further awards of GBP £750 will be made for ideas which gain investment from the Fund. Candidates will only be required to prepare a 2-4-page summary of their business idea, and not a full business plan. Full details and an entry form are available at http://www.rainbowseedfund.com." ALL Members of the Personnel seeking participation in the business ideas competition are asked to submit their ideas via ...

  14. Finding and Recommending Scholarly Articles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kurtz, Michael J.; Henneken, Edwin A.

    2014-05-01

    The rate at which scholarly literature is being produced has been increasing at approximately 3.5 percent per year for decades. This means that during a typical 40 year career the amount of new literature produced each year increases by a factor of four. The methods scholars use to discover relevant literature must change. Just like everybody else involved in information discovery, scholars are confronted with information overload. Two decades ago, this discovery process essentially consisted of paging through abstract books, talking to colleagues and librarians, and browsing journals. A time-consuming process, which could even be longer if material had to be shipped from elsewhere. Now much of this discovery process is mediated by online scholarly information systems. All these systems are relatively new, and all are still changing. They all share a common goal: to provide their users with access to the literature relevant to their specific needs. To achieve this each system responds to actions by the user by displaying articles which the system judges relevant to the user's current needs. Recently search systems which use particularly sophisticated methodologies to recommend a few specific papers to the user have been called "recommender systems". These methods are in line with the current use of the term "recommender system" in computer science. We do not adopt this definition, rather we view systems like these as components in a larger whole, which is presented by the scholarly information systems themselves. In what follows we view the recommender system as an aspect of the entire information system; one which combines the massive memory capacities of the machine with the cognitive abilities of the human user to achieve a human-machine synergy.

  15. The top 100 cited articles published in emergency medicine journals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shuaib, Waqas; Acevedo, Javier N; Khan, Muhammad Shahzeb; Santiago, Luis J; Gaeta, Theodore J

    2015-08-01

    Our objective was to identify trends and examine the characteristics of the top 100 cited articles in emergency medicine (EM) journals. Scopus Library database was queried to determine the citations of the top 100 EM articles. A second database (Google Scholar) was used to gather the following information: number of authors, publication year, journal name, impact factor, country of origin, and article type (original article, review article, conference paper, or editorial). The top 100 cited articles were selected and analyzed by 2 independent investigators. We identified 100 top-cited articles published in 6 EM journals, led by Annals of Emergency Medicine (65) and American Journal of Emergency Medicine (15). All top-cited articles were published between 1980 and 2009. The common areas of study were categorized as cardiovascular medicine, emergency department administration, toxicology, pain medicine, pediatrics, traumatology, and resuscitation. A statistically significant association was found between the journal impact factor and the number of top 100 cited articles (P articles published in EM journals help us recognize the quality of the works, discoveries, and trends steering EM. Our analysis provides an insight to the prevalent areas of study being cited within our field of practice. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. Highlights of articles published in annals of nuclear medicine 2016.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jadvar, Hossein

    2017-10-01

    This article is the first installment of highlights of selected articles published during 2016 in the Annals of Nuclear Medicine, an official peer-reviewed journal of the Japanese Society of Nuclear Medicine. A companion article highlighting selected articles published during 2016 in the European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, which is the official peer-reviewed journal of the European Association of Nuclear Medicine, will also appear in the Annals Nuclear Medicine. This new initiative by the respective journals will continue as an annual endeavor and is anticipated to not only enhance the scientific collaboration between Europe and Japan but also facilitate global partnership in the field of nuclear medicine and molecular imaging.

  17. Highlights of articles published in annals of nuclear medicine 2016

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jadvar, Hossein

    2017-01-01

    This article is the first installment of highlights of selected articles published during 2016 in the Annals of Nuclear Medicine, an official peer-reviewed journal of the Japanese Society of Nuclear Medicine. A companion article highlighting selected articles published during 2016 in the European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, which is the official peer-reviewed journal of the European Association of Nuclear Medicine, will also appear in the Annals Nuclear Medicine. This new initiative by the respective journals will continue as an annual endeavor and is anticipated to not only enhance the scientific collaboration between Europe and Japan but also facilitate global partnership in the field of nuclear medicine and molecular imaging. (orig.)

  18. Highlights of articles published in annals of nuclear medicine 2016

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jadvar, Hossein [University of Southern California, Division of Nuclear Medicine, Department of Radiology, Keck School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA (United States)

    2017-10-15

    This article is the first installment of highlights of selected articles published during 2016 in the Annals of Nuclear Medicine, an official peer-reviewed journal of the Japanese Society of Nuclear Medicine. A companion article highlighting selected articles published during 2016 in the European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, which is the official peer-reviewed journal of the European Association of Nuclear Medicine, will also appear in the Annals Nuclear Medicine. This new initiative by the respective journals will continue as an annual endeavor and is anticipated to not only enhance the scientific collaboration between Europe and Japan but also facilitate global partnership in the field of nuclear medicine and molecular imaging. (orig.)

  19. REVIEW ARTICLE: A taste sensor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toko, Kiyoshi

    1998-12-01

    A multichannel taste sensor, namely an electronic tongue, with global selectivity is composed of several kinds of lipid/polymer membranes for transforming information about substances producing taste into electrical signals, which are input to a computer. The sensor output exhibits different patterns for chemical substances which have different taste qualities such as saltiness, sourness and bitterness, whereas it exhibits similar patterns for chemical substances with similar tastes. The sensor responds to the taste itself, as can be understood from the fact that taste interactions such as the suppression effect, which appears for mixtures of sweet and bitter substances, can be reproduced well. The suppression of the bitterness of quinine and a drug substance by sucrose can be quantified. Amino acids can be classified into several groups according to their own tastes on the basis of sensor outputs. The tastes of foodstuffs such as beer, coffee, mineral water, milk, sake, rice, soybean paste and vegetables can be discussed quantitatively using the taste sensor, which provides the objective scale for the human sensory expression. The flavour of a wine is also discriminated using the taste-odour sensory fusion conducted by combining the taste sensor and an odour-sensor array using conducting polymer elements. The taste sensor can also be applied to measurements of water pollution. Miniaturization of the taste sensor using FET produces the same characteristics as those of the above taste sensor by measuring the gate-source voltage. Use of the taste sensor will lead to a new era of food and environmental sciences.

  20. Factors affecting sexual function in menopause: A review article

    OpenAIRE

    Soheila Nazarpour; Masoumeh Simbar; Fahimeh Ramezani Tehrani

    2016-01-01

    This study aimed to systematically review the articles on factors affecting sexual function during menopause. Searching articles indexed in Pubmed, Science Direct, Iranmedex, EMBASE, Scopus, and Scientific Information Database databases, a total number of 42 studies published between 2003 and 2013 were selected. Age, estrogen deficiency, type of menopause, chronic medical problems, partner's sex problems, severity of menopause symptoms, dystocia history, and health status were the physical fa...

  1. Factors associated with the publication of scholarly articles by pharmacists.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morris, Candice T; Hatton, Randy C; Kimberlin, Carole L

    2011-09-01

    Factors associated with the publication of scholarly articles by pharmacists were evaluated. A Web-based survey was distributed to all pharmacists who published at least one scholarly article in selected pharmacy and medical journals in 2008. All scholarly works published in the American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy, Annals of Pharmacotherapy, and Pharmacotherapy during the study period were categorized by study design using a predetermined algorithm. A secondary group of pharmacists who published in at least 1 of 10 selected medical journals during the study period was also evaluated to identify any differences between those who published in pharmacy versus medical journals. The final number of usable responses was 254, for an adjusted response rate of 72.9%. Factors identified as the most helpful for facilitating publication efforts included time allotment, mentorship, and collaborative efforts. "Lack of time" was reported as the most important barrier to publication. The majority of respondents (73%, n = 182) published their first article during a training program (academic program, residency, or fellowship). Of the 468 scholarly works published in the selected pharmacy journals during the study period, review articles were most common (38.7%, n = 177). The most influential factors on the publication efforts by pharmacists were time allotment, collaboration between pharmacy colleagues and within multidisciplinary teams, and training in research methods and scientific writing. Introduction to the publication process during training programs appeared to influence future propensity toward scholarly participation. Review and descriptive articles were the most frequently published types of articles in the pharmacy literature.

  2. A Comparison of the Methodological Quality of Articles in Computer Science Education Journals and Conference Proceedings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Randolph, Justus J.; Julnes, George; Bednarik, Roman; Sutinen, Erkki

    2007-01-01

    In this study we empirically investigate the claim that articles published in computer science education journals are more methodologically sound than articles published in computer science education conference proceedings. A random sample of 352 articles was selected from those articles published in major computer science education forums between…

  3. Method for forming biaxially textured articles by powder metallurgy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goyal, Amit; Williams, Robert K.; Kroeger, Donald M.

    2002-01-01

    A method of preparing a biaxially textured alloy article comprises the steps of preparing a mixture comprising Ni powder and at least one powder selected from the group consisting of Cr, W, V, Mo, Cu, Al, Ce, YSZ, Y, Rare Earths, (RE), MgO, CeO.sub.2, and Y.sub.2 O.sub.3 ; compacting the mixture, followed by heat treating and rapidly recrystallizing to produce a biaxial texture on the article. In some embodiments the alloy article further comprises electromagnetic or electro-optical devices and possesses superconducting properties.

  4. Black Holes: A Selected Bibliography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fraknoi, Andrew

    1991-01-01

    Offers a selected bibliography pertaining to black holes with the following categories: introductory books; introductory articles; somewhat more advanced articles; readings about Einstein's general theory of relativity; books on the death of stars; articles on the death of stars; specific articles about Supernova 1987A; relevant science fiction…

  5. 42 CFR 35.35 - Unsalable articles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Unsalable articles. 35.35 Section 35.35 Public... HOSPITAL AND STATION MANAGEMENT Disposition of Articles Produced by Patients § 35.35 Unsalable articles. Articles having no commercial value shall be stored, destroyed, or otherwise disposed of as the officer in...

  6. 27 CFR 46.208 - Unmerchantable articles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Unmerchantable articles... Tubes Held for Sale on April 1, 2009 Inventories § 46.208 Unmerchantable articles. Articles that the.... However, the dealer must segregate any such unmerchantable articles and include them in a separate section...

  7. 19 CFR 148.4 - Accompanying articles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Accompanying articles. 148.4 Section 148.4 Customs... (CONTINUED) PERSONAL DECLARATIONS AND EXEMPTIONS General Provisions § 148.4 Accompanying articles. (a) Generally. Articles shall be considered as accompanying a passenger or brought in by him if the articles...

  8. On Reviewing and Writing a Scholarly Article

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bettis, Jerry L., Sr.

    2012-01-01

    This article provides guidelines for reviewing and writing scholarly articles for the professional who reads and writes them for his/her own work and/or for publication in scientific journals. It outlines the purpose and contents of each section of a research article and provides a checklist for reviewing and writing a research article. This…

  9. Article Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2013-05-03

    May 3, 2013 ... A qualitative research design was used to examine the use of reflective blogging to teach the process of EBP in physiotherapy. Methods. .... Tanzania, and who were diverse in terms of their background and proficiency in English. None of the participants, and one of the facilitators, had ever been exposed to ...

  10. articles articles

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2012-05-03

    May 3, 2012 ... in this age group; for example, anxiety disorders and depression are very common. ... eating disorder, sleep disorder and intellectual disability.1 Rossman et al.3 reported that 13 - 50% ..... individual-specific development deviance as a cause for treated psychiatric morbidity in children. Acta. Psychiatr Scand ...

  11. articles articles

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    use was also demonstrated. Risk factors for SUD (psychosocial adversities, childhood trauma, family and community exposure to substances, early debut drug ages), risky sexual behaviours, and clinical psychiatric profiles of adolescents with dual diagnosis are described. Conclusions. This cohort had an enhanced risk as ...

  12. articles articles

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2011-09-03

    Sep 3, 2011 ... Enuresis. Attention deficit hypersensitivity disorder. Conduct disorders. Depression. Psychosis. 2. 2. 2. 3. 1. 1. 1. 16.7. 16.7. 16.7. 25.0. 8.3. 8.3. 8.3. Total. 12. 100.0. Table IV. Relative risk analysis of associated factors identified with presence of a psychiatric disorder. Factors. RR. 95% CI. Chi-square p-value.

  13. Article Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2008-06-20

    blowing hotline); stakeholders' perceptions. (e.g. the lower employee hierarchies' views of the motives of top management in respect of ethics initiatives and interven- tions, or adherence to core ethical values); and specific risk.

  14. articles articles

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    There are a number of different psychotherapies for depression, which may be provided to individuals or to groups. Research suggests that cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) can perform as well as antidepressants in treating patients with moderate to severe depression.35 However, interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT).

  15. articles articles

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Vesna Vidovic, PhD. Clinical Hospital Center – Zagreb, Clinic for Psychological Medicine,. Zagreb, Croatia ... their peers and by others.14 Obese adolescents are often excluded from the social, sport and other activities of their .... perceived their parents as getting along very well, 47% had had intercourse; among those who ...

  16. Article Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2012-12-03

    Dec 3, 2012 ... those taught using inpatients6 and virtual patients.7 The use of the. 'ideal SP' (a real patient with ..... In your opinion, what role could standardised patients (SPs)* play in the training of medical students? Strongly .... the reality that principles taught in theory do not always translate into the reality of a clinical ...

  17. Article Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2013-05-19

    May 19, 2013 ... prerequisites for a positive practice environment; and (iv) community physiotherapy as a gateway to personal growth and professional development. Physiotherapists ..... pregnancy – over the lifespan of clients. Community ... You got to consider the [vital] factors like money, and the person being the only.

  18. The Characteristics of Articles on Libraries and Librarianship as Reflected in Selected Turkish Newspapers Türk Gazetelerine Yansıdığı Ölçüde Kütüphaneler ve Kütüphanecilik ile İlgili Makalelerin Karakteristiği

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Murat Yılmaz

    2001-03-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to determine how critical and positive the articles and news items on libraries and librarianship published in Turkish newspapers are about the librarianship activities of the public sector and the private and/or civilian organizations. For this purpose, the articles and news items on libraries and librarianship in 9 different Turkish newspapers published from 1996 to 1999 were examined and data were analysed using Chi-square. It was found that there is a relationship between the characteristics (critical or positive of the articles and news items on libraries and librarianship published in Turkish newspapers and the librarianship activities of different sectors. The relationship, which is significant statistically is that the number of critical papers on the librarianship activities of the public sector are more than the ones on librarianship activities of private and lor civilian organizations. The topical distribution of items revealed that the building of new libraries was the most frequently written topic followed by such topics as the scarcity of the number of librarians employed in libraries, closed down libraries, and the insufficiency of the library budgets. Also, the number of critical articles and news items on libraries and librarianship published in selected Turkish newspapers are significantly more than positive items, which means that the Turkish press tries to inform the public about the problems of libraries and librarianship in Turkey. So, the Turkish librarians, especially the ones employed in the public sector libraries should take more responsibility in cooperating more with the press in legal ways for informing the public both about the problems of libraries and librarianship in Turkey and about the solutions for these problems in order to influence the public opinion on this matter on a wider scale. Bu incelemenin amacı, Türk gazetelerinde kütüphaneler ve kütüphanecilik üzerine yaz

  19. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Uterine and tubal anatomical abnormalities in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    120 SA JOURNAL OF RADIOLOGY • December 2011. ORIGINAL ARTICLE. Uterine and tubal anatomical abnormalities in infertile women: diagnosis with routine hystero- salpingography prior to selective laparoscopy. M Heis, MD, FRCR, FFRRCSI, CST. Z Amarin, MD, FRCOG, FFPH. A Y Ibrahim, MD. N Obeidat, MD.

  20. Original Synthetic Article: The modern man: a revision of his ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Original Synthetic Article: The modern man: a revision of his definition and a new estimation of his emergence date. ... The PDF file you selected should load here if your Web browser has a PDF reader plug-in installed (for example, a recent version of Adobe Acrobat Reader). If you would like more information about how to ...

  1. ORIGINAL ARTICLES An evaluation of nine probiotics available in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    undertoo,k an evaluation of 9 products· currently available on the shelves in South Africa. Methods and analysis. ... probiotic products via his usual wholesale suppliers. As there. Page 2. ORIGINAL ARTICLES was no way to predict the batch, this was a random selection. The products were kept refrigerated at 4°C until ...

  2. Highly cited orthodontic articles from 2000 to 2015.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prevezanos, Panagiotis; Tsolakis, Apostolos I; Christou, Panagiotis

    2018-01-01

    Identification of highly cited articles based on the h-index and its properties is important for the evaluation of the past, present, and future of any research discipline. In this study, we aimed to identify the h-classic articles in orthodontics. One search on the Web of Science identified all articles from 2000 to 2015 in the 89 journals indexed by the 2015 InCites Journal Citation Reports in the scientific area "dentistry, oral surgery, and medicine." A second search was performed in the Web of Science using all mesh terms related to orthodontics. Then, we applied the h-classic method to select the recent articles with the greatest scientific impact in orthodontics. Eighty articles were considered as h-classic articles. They were published in 20 of the 89 dental journals of the 2015 InCites Journal Citation Reports list. Only 36 articles appeared in orthodontic journals: 23 in the American Journal of Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopedics (28.8%), 7 in The Angle Orthodontist (8.8%), and 6 in European Journal of Orthodontics (7.5%). Thirty-eight articles originated from Europe, 28 from the Americas, and 14 from the Middle East and Asia. More than half of fundamental orthodontic research is published in nonorthodontic journals showing that our field is currently limited, and interactions with other research fields should be sought to increase orthodontic research importance and appeal. Copyright © 2017 American Association of Orthodontists. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. Bibliometric analysis of the top 100 cited cardiovascular articles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shuaib, Waqas; Khan, Muhammad S; Shahid, Hassan; Valdes, Emilio A; Alweis, Richard

    2015-04-01

    The number of citations an article receives is an important indication of its impact and contribution to the clinical world. There is a paucity of literature concerning top article citations in cardiology. The main objective of this investigation was to bridge this gap and to provide readers a practical guide in evaluating the cardiovascular literature. Scopus Library database was searched to determine the citations of all published cardiovascular articles. One hundred two journals were included in our investigation under the Institute of Science Information Web of Science subject category "cardiology, cardiovascular, and heart." We did not apply any time or study-type restriction in our search. The top 100 cited articles were selected and analyzed by 2 independent investigators. The journal with the highest number of top 100 cited articles was Circulation with 36, followed by 28 in the European Heart Journal. A statistically significant association was found between the journal impact factor and the number of top 100 cited articles (p journals such as The Lancet (n = 4) and The New England Journal of Medicine (n = 1) contributed only 5 articles to the list despite their extremely high impact factors. In conclusion, our analysis provides an insight on the citation frequency of top cited articles published in cardiovascular medicine to help recognize the quality of the works, discoveries, and the trends steering cardiology. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  4. An ensemble self-training protein interaction article classifier.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Yifei; Hou, Ping; Manderick, Bernard

    2014-01-01

    Protein-protein interaction (PPI) is essential to understand the fundamental processes governing cell biology. The mining and curation of PPI knowledge are critical for analyzing proteomics data. Hence it is desired to classify articles PPI-related or not automatically. In order to build interaction article classification systems, an annotated corpus is needed. However, it is usually the case that only a small number of labeled articles can be obtained manually. Meanwhile, a large number of unlabeled articles are available. By combining ensemble learning and semi-supervised self-training, an ensemble self-training interaction classifier called EST_IACer is designed to classify PPI-related articles based on a small number of labeled articles and a large number of unlabeled articles. A biological background based feature weighting strategy is extended using the category information from both labeled and unlabeled data. Moreover, a heuristic constraint is put forward to select optimal instances from unlabeled data to improve the performance further. Experiment results show that the EST_IACer can classify the PPI related articles effectively and efficiently.

  5. Relative Quality and Popularity Evaluation of Multilingual Wikipedia Articles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Włodzimierz Lewoniewski

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Despite the fact that Wikipedia is often criticized for its poor quality, it continues to be one of the most popular knowledge bases in the world. Articles in this free encyclopedia on various topics can be created and edited in about 300 different language versions independently. Our research has showed that in language sensitive topics, the quality of information can be relatively better in the relevant language versions. However, in most cases, it is difficult for the Wikipedia readers to determine the language affiliation of the described subject. Additionally, each language edition of Wikipedia can have own rules in the manual assessing of the content’s quality. There are also differences in grading schemes between language versions: some use a 6–8 grade system to assess articles, and some are limited to 2–3. This makes automatic quality comparison of articles between various languages a challenging task, particularly if we take into account a large number of unassessed articles; some of the Wikipedia language editions have over 99% of articles without a quality grade. The paper presents the results of a relative quality and popularity assessment of over 28 million articles in 44 selected language versions. Comparative analysis of the quality and the popularity of articles in popular topics was also conducted. Additionally, the correlation between quality and popularity of Wikipedia articles of selected topics in various languages was investigated. The proposed method allows us to find articles with information of better quality that can be used to automatically enrich other language editions of Wikipedia.

  6. [Articles on elderly in Serbian medical journals].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Despotović, Nebojsa; Milosević, Dragoslav P; Erceg, Predrag; Davidović, Mladen

    2009-01-01

    Population aging is a feature of all countries in the world. According to statistics, the Republic of Serbia is one of the countries with the majority of the elderly. Taking this into account, are articles on the elderly well represented in domestic medical journals? The aim of the paper was to determine whether there was a sufficient number of articles on the elderly in domestic medical journals. The articles on the elderly were searched using search engines in domestic and foreign medical journals for the last 5 years compared with the number of articles on children in the same publications for the same period. In the Serbian Citation Index, 11 articles on the topic of the elderly, and 487 on children were registered. In Srpski arhivza celokupno lekarstvo, there was registered only one article on the topic of the elderly, and 30 on children. In Vojnosanitetskipregled, 2 articles on the elderly and 13 on children were registered (p articles on the elderly and 759 articles on children; in the JAMA, there were 63 articles on the elderly and 303 articles on children; and in The Lancet, in the last five years, 46 articles on the elderly and 148 articles on children were published. The themes of the elderly were rarely represented in Serbian medical journals.This has reduced the interest of physicians in medical problems of this growing population of patients and further sent them away from making standards in the diagnosis and treatment of the elderly.

  7. Quality of articles published in predatory nursing journals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oermann, Marilyn H; Nicoll, Leslie H; Chinn, Peggy L; Ashton, Kathleen S; Conklin, Jamie L; Edie, Alison H; Amarasekara, Sathya; Williams, Brittany L

    Predatory journals exist in nursing and lack the safeguards of traditional publishing practices. To examine the quality of articles published in predatory nursing journals. Randomly selected articles (n = 358) were reviewed for structural content and eight quality indicators. Two-thirds (67.4%) of the articles were published between 2014 and 2016, demonstrating the acceleration of publications in predatory nursing journals. The majority (75.9%) of the articles were research reports. Most followed the IMRAD presentation of a research report but contained errors, or the study was not pertinent to the nursing discipline. Nursing research published in predatory journals may appear legitimate by conforming to an expected structure. However, a lack of quality is apparent, representing inadequate peer review and editorial processes. Poor quality research erodes the scholarly nursing literature. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. Economic Selection Theory

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knudsen, Thorbjørn

    2003-01-01

    The present article provides a minimal description of the causal structure of economic selection theory and outlines how the internal selection dynamics of business organisations can be reconciled with selection in competitive markets. In addition to generic similarity in terms of the Darwinian...... principles of variation, continuity and selection, it is argued that economic selection theory should mimic the causal structure of neo-Darwinian theory. Two of the most influential explanations of economic evolution, Alchian's and Nelson and Winter's, are used to illustrate how this could be achieved....

  9. 48 CFR 25.104 - Nonavailable articles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Nonavailable articles. 25... PROGRAMS FOREIGN ACQUISITION Buy American Act-Supplies 25.104 Nonavailable articles. (a) The following articles have been determined to be nonavailable in accordance with 25.103(b)(1)(i): Acetylene, black. Agar...

  10. 48 CFR 225.104 - Nonavailable articles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Nonavailable articles. 225.104 Section 225.104 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM... Nonavailable articles. (a) DoD has determined that the following articles also are nonavailable in accordance...

  11. 19 CFR 4.69 - Shipping articles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Shipping articles. 4.69 Section 4.69 Customs... VESSELS IN FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC TRADES Foreign Clearances § 4.69 Shipping articles. No vessel of the U.S... officer, of the shipping articles agreements, including any seaman's allotment agreement, required by 46 U...

  12. 48 CFR 825.104 - Nonavailable articles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Nonavailable articles. 825... SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS FOREIGN ACQUISITION Buy American Act-Supplies 825.104 Nonavailable articles. The following items are added to the list of nonavailable articles contained in FAR 25.104: Glass, lead Insulin...

  13. 27 CFR 20.191 - Bulk articles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Bulk articles. 20.191... Users of Specially Denatured Spirits Operations by Users § 20.191 Bulk articles. Users who convey articles in containers exceeding one gallon may provide the recipient with a photocopy of subpart G of this...

  14. Referent Salience Affects Second Language Article Use

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trenkic, Danijela; Pongpairoj, Nattama

    2013-01-01

    The effect of referent salience on second language (L2) article production in real time was explored. Thai (-articles) and French (+articles) learners of English described dynamic events involving two referents, one visually cued to be more salient at the point of utterance formulation. Definiteness marking was made communicatively redundant with…

  15. 22 CFR 120.6 - Defense article.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Defense article. 120.6 Section 120.6 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE INTERNATIONAL TRAFFIC IN ARMS REGULATIONS PURPOSE AND DEFINITIONS § 120.6 Defense article. Defense article means any item or technical data designated in § 121.1 of this subchapter...

  16. [The equivalence and interchangeability of medical articles].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antonov, V S

    2013-11-01

    The information concerning the interchangeability of medical articles is highly valuable because it makes it possible to correlate most precisely medical articles with medical technologies and medical care standards and to optimize budget costs under public purchasing. The proposed procedure of determination of interchangeability is based on criteria of equivalence of prescriptions, functional technical and technological characteristics and effectiveness of functioning of medical articles.

  17. Measuring the Interestingness of News Articles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pon, R K; Cardenas, A F; Buttler, D J

    2007-09-24

    An explosive growth of online news has taken place. Users are inundated with thousands of news articles, only some of which are interesting. A system to filter out uninteresting articles would aid users that need to read and analyze many articles daily, such as financial analysts and government officials. The most obvious approach for reducing the amount of information overload is to learn keywords of interest for a user (Carreira et al., 2004). Although filtering articles based on keywords removes many irrelevant articles, there are still many uninteresting articles that are highly relevant to keyword searches. A relevant article may not be interesting for various reasons, such as the article's age or if it discusses an event that the user has already read about in other articles. Although it has been shown that collaborative filtering can aid in personalized recommendation systems (Wang et al., 2006), a large number of users is needed. In a limited user environment, such as a small group of analysts monitoring news events, collaborative filtering would be ineffective. The definition of what makes an article interesting--or its 'interestingness'--varies from user to user and is continually evolving, calling for adaptable user personalization. Furthermore, due to the nature of news, most articles are uninteresting since many are similar or report events outside the scope of an individual's concerns. There has been much work in news recommendation systems, but none have yet addressed the question of what makes an article interesting.

  18. Review of influential articles in surgical education: 2002-2012.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wohlauer, Max V; George, Brian; Lawrence, Peter F; Pugh, Carla M; Van Eaton, Erik G; Darosa, Debra

    2013-06-01

    Exploring the trends in surgical education research offers insight into concerns, developments, and questions researchers are exploring that are relevant to teaching and learning in surgical specialties. We conducted a review of the surgical education literature published between 2002 and 2012. The purpose was 2-fold: to provide an overview of the most frequently cited articles in the field of surgical education during the last decade and to describe the study designs and themes featured in these articles. Articles were identified through Web of Science by using "surgical education" and "English language" as search terms. Using a feature in Web of Science, we tracked the number of citations of any publication. Of the 800 articles produced by the initial search, we initially selected 23 articles with 45 or more citations, and ultimately chose the 20 articles that were most frequently cited for our analysis. Analysis of the most frequently cited articles published in US journals between the years 2002-2012 identified 7 research themes and presented them in order of frequency with which they appear: use of simulation, issues in student/resident assessment, specialty choice, patient safety, team training, clinical competence assessment, and teaching the clinical sciences, with surgical simulation being the central theme. Researchers primarily used descriptive methods. Popular themes in surgical education research illuminate the information needs of surgical educators as well as topics of high interest to the surgical community.

  19. Bibliometric study (1922-2009) on rugby articles in research journals ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The purpose of this research was to perform a bibliometric analysis of research journals containing scientific articles on the sport of rugby from 1922 to 2009. In this field 2057 articles were selected from major databases. The journals, authors and contents published were selected by taking into account the year of ...

  20. 7 CFR 319.37-12 - Prohibited articles accompanying restricted articles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Prohibited articles accompanying restricted articles... Stock, Plants, Roots, Bulbs, Seeds, and Other Plant Products 1,2 § 319.37-12 Prohibited articles accompanying restricted articles. A restricted article for importation into the United States shall not be...

  1. Examining the Distribution, Modularity, and Community Structure in Article Networks for Systematic Reviews.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ji, Xiaonan; Machiraju, Raghu; Ritter, Alan; Yen, Po-Yin

    2015-01-01

    Systematic reviews (SRs) provide high quality evidence for clinical practice, but the article screening process is time and labor intensive. As SRs aim to identify relevant articles with a specific scope, we propose that a pre-defined article relationship, using similarity metrics, could accelerate this process. In this study, we established the article relationship using MEDLINE element similarities and visualized the article network with the Force Atlas layout. We also analyzed the article networks with graph diameter, closeness centrality, and module classes. The results revealed the distribution of articles and found that included articles tended to aggregate together in some module classes, providing further evidence of the existence of strong relationships among included articles. This approach can be utilized to facilitate the articles selection process through early identification of these dominant module classes. We are optimistic that the use of article network visualization can help better SR work prioritization.

  2. New Technique for Cryogenically Cooling Small Test Articles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodriquez, Karen M.; Henderson, Donald J.

    2011-01-01

    Convective heat removal techniques to rapidly cool small test articles to Earth-Moon L2 temperatures of 77 K were accomplished through the use of liquid nitrogen (LN2). By maintaining a selected pressure range on the saturation curve, test articles were cooled below the LN2 boiling point at ambient pressure in less than 30 min. Difficulties in achieving test pressures while maintaining the temperature tolerance necessitated a modification to the original system to include a closed loop conductive cold plate and cryogenic shroud

  3. Effect of tracheosyringeal denervation on call in greenfinch (Carduelis sinica).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, D; Jiang, J; Li, J; Yang, X; Wang, D; Chen, H

    1999-12-01

    After sections of left or right tracheosyringeal nerve (NXIIts), greenfinches may repeat everyday calls, with no effect on temporal properties. It is suggested that either side of syrinx may produce sound alone and ipsilateral innervation of NXIIts for the syringeal muscles. After section of left NXIIts, the bird produces the vocal pattern of partial tone increase, and effects on the sound intensity and sentence length average 1.4 and 2.8 times those after section of right NXIIts, suggesting that the innervation of NXIIts has left side dominance. After bilateral section of NXIIts, the call rhythm in company with expiratory motions is 98-146 times/min, on an average, and lose all sentence types and syllable structure of normal call. But the call spectra produced by tympaniform membrane vibrations without innervation still reserve frequency components similar to the tonic frequency and harmonics of normal calls.

  4. Externalities and article citations: experience of a national public health journal (Gaceta Sanitaria).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruano-Ravina, Alberto; Álvarez-Dardet, Carlos; Domínguez-Berjón, M Felicitas; Fernández, Esteve; García, Ana M; Borrell, Carme

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to analyze the determinants of citations such as publication year, article type, article topic, article selected for a press release, number of articles previously published by the corresponding author, and publication language in a Spanish journal of public health. Observational study including all articles published in Gaceta Sanitaria during 2007-2011. We retrieved the number of citations from the ISI Web of Knowledge database in June 2013 and also information on other variables such as number of articles published by the corresponding author in the previous 5 years (searched through PubMed), selection for a press release, publication language, article type and topic, and others. We included 542 articles. Of these, 62.5% were cited in the period considered. We observed an increased odds ratio of citations for articles selected for a press release and also with the number of articles published previously by the corresponding author. Articles published in English do not seem to increase their citations. Certain externalities such as number of articles published by the corresponding author and being selected for a press release seem to influence the number of citations in national journals. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  5. Research Article Introductions in Chinese and English: A Comparative Genre-Based Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loi, Chek Kim

    2010-01-01

    This study investigates the rhetorical organisation of English and Chinese research article introductions in the field of educational psychology using (Swales, 1990) and (Swales, 2004) framework of move analysis. A corpus of 40 research articles (20 Chinese and 20 English) was selected. The English research articles, written by first-language…

  6. Apparatus for controlling the conveyance of articles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Billington, A.J.; Rice, T.G.

    1987-01-01

    A selector mechanism for controlling transfer of articles from a plurality of upstream feed lines to at least one downstream feed line comprises a plurality of transfer passages each provided with a gate and at least one stop. The gates are operable to block the leading article in the respective transfer passages while the stops are operable to arrest movement of a trailing article and hence the articles that follow it. Operation of the gates and stops is co-ordinated so that the stops are operative when the gates are operated to unblock the leading article. In this way, the number of articles freed for onward movement each time the gates are operated to unblock the path of conveyance can be controlled. (author)

  7. The 100 most cited articles on oral cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pena-Cristóbal, Maite; Diniz-Freitas, Márcio; Monteiro, Luis; Diz Dios, Pedro; Warnakulasuriya, Saman

    2018-01-30

    Citations analysis is one of the most widely used bibliometric tools to evaluate the academic importance of a study in a specific area of knowledge. The objective of this study was to identify the 100 most cited articles on oral cancer and to analyse their principal characteristics. We performed a literature search in the Web of Science database using the Science Citation Index Expanded tool to determine the number of citations of all articles on oral cancer identified up to 10 August 2017. The 100 most referenced articles were then selected, and the following information was gathered: ranking based on the number of citations; citation density; citations in Scopus; number and names of the authors; language and year of publication; country and institution of origin; financial support; journal of publication, with its impact factor, category and quartile; type of research; evidence level; and area of study. The number of citations of the 100 articles varied from 1959 to 165, and the number of authors varied from a single author to 23. The oldest article was from 1948, and the most recent was from 2013. All the studies were published in English, the majority (56%) was from the United States, and 80% were published in journals in the first quartile. The majority of articles were of studies that had received financial support, were published in journals with a high impact factor and were focussed on the aetiology and pathogenesis of oral cancer. © 2018 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  8. The 100 most cited spine articles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murray, Michael R; Wang, Tianyi; Schroeder, Gregory D; Hsu, Wellington K

    2012-10-01

    Spine-related research has evolved dramatically during the last century. Significant contributions have been made by thousands of authors. A citation rank list has historically been used within a particular field to measure the importance of an article. The purpose of this article is to report on the 100 most cited articles in the field of spine. Science Citation Index Expanded was searched for citations in 27 different journals (as of 30 November 2010) chosen based on the relevance for all cited spine publications. The top 100 most cited articles were identified. Important information such as journal, date, country of origin, author, subspecialty, and level of evidence (for clinical research) were compiled. The top 100 publications ranged from 1,695 to 240 citations. Fifty-three articles were of the lumbar, 17 were of the thoracolumbar, and 15 of the cervical spine. Eighty-one of the articles were clinical and 19 were basic science in nature. Level of evidence varied for the clinical papers, however, was most commonly level IV (34 of 81 articles). Notably, the 1990-1999 decade was the most productive period with 43 of the top 100 articles published during this time. Identification of the most cited articles within the field of spine recognizes some of the most important contributions in the peer-reviewed literature. Current investigators may utilize the aspects of their work to guide and direct future spine-related research.

  9. The classic. Review article: Traffic accidents. 1966.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tscherne, H

    2013-09-01

    This Classic Article is a translation of the original work by Prof. Harald Tscherne, Der Straßenunfall [Traffic Accidents]. An accompanying biographical sketch of Prof. Tscherne is available at DOI 10.1007/s11999-013-3011-x . An online version of the original German article is available as supplemental material. The Classic Article is reproduced with permission from Brüder Hollinek & Co. GesmbH, Purkersdorf, Austria. The original article was published in Wien Med Wochenschr. 1966;116:105-108. (Translated by Dr. Roman Pfeifer.).

  10. Evaluation of Scientific Journal Validity, It's Articles and Their Authors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masic, Izet; Begic, Edin

    2016-01-01

    The science that deals with evaluation of a scientific article refer to the finding quantitative indicators (index) of the scientific research success is called scientometrics. Scientometrics is part of scientology (the science of science) that analyzes scientific papers and their citations in a selected sample of scientific journals. There are four indexes by which it is possible to measure the validity of scientific research: number of articles, impact factor of the journal, the number and order of authors and citations number. Every scientific article is a record of the data written by the rules recommended by several scientific associations and committees. Growing number of authors and lot of authors with same name and surname led to the introduction of the necessary identification agent - ORCID number.

  11. ORIGINAL ARTICLES HIV transmission during paediatric health ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ORIGINAL ARTICLES. REVIEW ARTICLE. HIV transmission during paediatric health care in sub-. Saharan Africa - risks and evidence. David Gisselquist, John J Potterat, Stuart Brody. Health care systems in sub-Saharan Africa are challenged not only to improve care for the increasing number of HIV- infected children, but ...

  12. TSCA Chemical Data Reporting Fact Sheet: Articles

    Science.gov (United States)

    This fact sheet provides guidance on classifying articles under the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) and determining the applicability of EPA’s articles exclusion policy for purposes of the Chemical Data Reporting (CDR) rule. The primary goal of this document is to help the regulated community comply with the requirements of the CDR rule.

  13. 48 CFR 425.104 - Nonavailable articles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Nonavailable articles. 425.104 Section 425.104 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS FOREIGN ACQUISITION Buy American Act-Supplies 425.104 Nonavailable articles. Information required...

  14. Cohesion and Discourse Deixis on English Articles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mizuno, Mitsuharu

    1993-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to describe the function of English articles in a functional-pragmatic perspective, to clarify how the functions of the articles are reflected in the discourse, and to give some pedagogical implications for teaching English as a foreign language (EFL). Deixis is a grammatical category involving reference to…

  15. Article retracted, but the message lives on.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greitemeyer, Tobias

    2014-04-01

    The retraction of an original article aims to ensure that readers are alerted to the fact that the findings are not trustworthy. However, the present research suggests that individuals still believe in the findings of an article even though they were later told that the data were fabricated and that the article was retracted. Participants in a debriefing condition and a no-debriefing condition learned about the scientific finding of an empirical article, whereas participants in a control condition did not. Afterward, participants in the debriefing condition were told that the article had been retracted because of fabricated data. Results showed that participants in the debriefing condition were less likely to believe in the findings than participants in the no-debriefing condition but were more likely to believe in the findings than participants in the control condition, suggesting that individuals do adjust their beliefs in the perceived truth of a scientific finding after debriefing-but insufficiently. Mediational analyses revealed that the availability of generated causal arguments underlies belief perseverance. These results suggest that a retraction note of an empirical article in a scientific journal is not sufficient to ensure that readers of the original article no longer believe in the article's conclusions.

  16. Suggestions for Structuring a Research Article

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klein, James D.; Reiser, Robert A.

    2014-01-01

    Researchers often experience difficulty as they attempt to prepare journal articles that describe their work. The purpose of this article is to provide researchers in the field of education with a series of suggestions as to how to clearly structure each section of a research manuscript that they intend to submit for publication in a scholarly…

  17. Textual Article Clustering in Newspaper Pages

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Aiello, Marco; Pegoretti, Andrea

    2004-01-01

    In the analysis of a newspaper page an important step is the clustering of various text blocks into logical units, i.e., into articles. We propose three algorithms based on text processing techniques to cluster articles in newspaper pages. Based on the complexity of the three algorithms and

  18. Textual Article Clustering in Newspaper Pages

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Aiello, Marco; Pegoretti, Andrea

    2006-01-01

    In the analysis of a newspaper page an important step is the clustering of various text blocks into logical units, i.e., into articles. We propose three algorithms based on text processing techniques to cluster articles in newspaper pages. Based on the complexity of the three algorithms and

  19. Valued Youth Anthology: Articles on Dropout Prevention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Intercultural Development Research Association, San Antonio, TX.

    This document contains, in chronological order, all articles related to dropouts that have appeared in the Intercultural Development Research Association (IDRA) Newsletter from 1986 to 1989. The articles are: (1) "The Prevention and Recovery of Dropouts: An Action Agenda" (Robledo); (2) "Coca Cola Valued Youth Partnership Program Results of Second…

  20. A corpus and a concordancer of academic journal articles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deny A. Kwary

    2018-02-01

    Full Text Available This data article presents a corpus (i.e. a selection of a big number of words in an electronic form and a concordancer (i.e. a tool to show the word in its context of use of academic journal articles. As the title suggests, the data were collected from research articles published in academic journals. The corpus contains 5,686,428 words selected from 895 journal articles published by Elsevier in 2011–2015. The corpus is classified into four subject areas: Health sciences, Life sciences, Physical Sciences, and Social Sciences, following the classifications of Scopus, which is the largest abstract and citation database of peer-reviewed scientific journals, books and conference proceedings. To ease the access and utilization of the corpus, a program to produce the key word in context (KWIC and word frequency was created and placed on the website: corpus.kwary.net. The corpus is a valuable resource for researchers, teachers, and translators working on academic English.

  1. A corpus and a concordancer of academic journal articles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kwary, Deny A

    2018-02-01

    This data article presents a corpus (i.e. a selection of a big number of words in an electronic form) and a concordancer (i.e. a tool to show the word in its context of use) of academic journal articles. As the title suggests, the data were collected from research articles published in academic journals. The corpus contains 5,686,428 words selected from 895 journal articles published by Elsevier in 2011-2015. The corpus is classified into four subject areas: Health sciences, Life sciences, Physical Sciences, and Social Sciences, following the classifications of Scopus, which is the largest abstract and citation database of peer-reviewed scientific journals, books and conference proceedings. To ease the access and utilization of the corpus, a program to produce the key word in context (KWIC) and word frequency was created and placed on the website: corpus.kwary.net. The corpus is a valuable resource for researchers, teachers, and translators working on academic English.

  2. Improving staff selection processes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cerinus, Marie; Shannon, Marina

    2014-11-11

    This article, the second in a series of articles on Leading Better Care, describes the actions undertaken in recent years in NHS Lanarkshire to improve selection processes for nursing, midwifery and allied health professional (NMAHP) posts. This is an area of significant interest to these professions, management colleagues and patients given the pivotal importance of NMAHPs to patient care and experience. In recent times the importance of selecting staff not only with the right qualifications but also with the right attributes has been highlighted to ensure patients are well cared for in a safe, effective and compassionate manner. The article focuses on NMAHP selection processes, tracking local, collaborative development work undertaken to date. It presents an overview of some of the work being implemented, highlights a range of important factors, outlines how evaluation is progressing and concludes by recommending further empirical research.

  3. Top-cited articles in rehabilitation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shadgan, Babak; Roig, Marc; Hajghanbari, Bahareh; Reid, W Darlene

    2010-05-01

    To identify the 100 top-cited articles ever published in rehabilitation journals and to analyze their characteristics as a quantitative approach to investigating the quality and evolution of rehabilitation research. The Institute for Scientific Information Web of Knowledge Database and the 2007 and 2008 Journal Citation Report Science Editions were used to retrieve the 100 top-cited articles from 30 rehabilitation dedicated journals. The 100 top-cited articles included randomized controlled trials, case-control studies, case series studies, case reports, methodologic studies, systematic reviews, narrative reviews, and expert opinions. Two independent reviewers performed data extraction from the retrieved articles and compared their results. The Sackett's initial rules of evidence were used to categorize the type of study design as well as to evaluate the level of evidence provided by the results of the 100 top-cited articles. Among the 45,700 articles published in these journals, the 100 top-cited articles were published between 1959 and 2002 with an average of 200 citations an article (range, 131-1109). Top-cited articles were all English-language, primarily from North America (United States=67%; Canada=11%) and published in 11 journals led by the Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. Eighty-four percent of the articles were original publications and were most commonly prospective (76%) case series studies (67%) that used human subjects (96%) providing level 4 evidence. Neurorehabilitation (41%), disability (19%), and biomechanics (18%) were the most common fields of study. We demonstrated that methodologic observational studies performed in North America and published in English have had the highest citations in rehabilitation journals.

  4. Automatically assessing Wikipedia article quality by exploiting article-editor networks

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Li, X.; Tang, J.; Wang, T.; Luo, Z.; de Rijke, M.; Hanbury, A.; Kazai, G.; Rauber, A.; Fuhr, N.

    2015-01-01

    We consider the problem of automatically assessing Wikipedia article quality. We develop several models to rank articles by using the editing relations between articles and editors. First, we create a basic model by modeling the article-editor network. Then we design measures of an editor’s

  5. Visualizing Article Similarities via Sparsified Article Network and Map Projection for Systematic Reviews.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ji, Xiaonan; Machiraju, Raghu; Ritter, Alan; Yen, Po-Yin

    2017-01-01

    Systematic Reviews (SRs) of biomedical literature summarize evidence from high-quality studies to inform clinical decisions, but are time and labor intensive due to the large number of article collections. Article similarities established from textual features have been shown to assist in the identification of relevant articles, thus facilitating the article screening process efficiently. In this study, we visualized article similarities to extend its utilization in practical settings for SR researchers, aiming to promote human comprehension of article distributions and hidden patterns. To prompt an effective visualization in an interpretable, intuitive, and scalable way, we implemented a graph-based network visualization with three network sparsification approaches and a distance-based map projection via dimensionality reduction. We evaluated and compared three network sparsification approaches and the visualization types (article network vs. article map). We demonstrated the effectiveness in revealing article distribution and exhibiting clustering patterns of relevant articles with practical meanings for SRs.

  6. Measuring the Interestingness of Articles in a Limited User Environment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pon, Raymond K. [Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States)

    2008-01-01

    up to 14%. Due to varying reasons that users hold regarding why an article is interesting, an online feature selection method in naive Bayes is also introduced. Online feature selection can improve recommendation results in iScore by up to 18.9%. In summary, iScore in its best configuration can outperform traditional IR techniques by as much as 50.7%. iScore and its components are evaluated in the news recommendation task using three datasets from Yahoo! News, actual users, and Digg. iScore and its components are also evaluated in the TREC Adaptive Filter task using the Reuters RCV1 corpus.

  7. Citation advantage of open access articles.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gunther Eysenbach

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available Open access (OA to the research literature has the potential to accelerate recognition and dissemination of research findings, but its actual effects are controversial. This was a longitudinal bibliometric analysis of a cohort of OA and non-OA articles published between June 8, 2004, and December 20, 2004, in the same journal (PNAS: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Article characteristics were extracted, and citation data were compared between the two groups at three different points in time: at "quasi-baseline" (December 2004, 0-6 mo after publication, in April 2005 (4-10 mo after publication, and in October 2005 (10-16 mo after publication. Potentially confounding variables, including number of authors, authors' lifetime publication count and impact, submission track, country of corresponding author, funding organization, and discipline, were adjusted for in logistic and linear multiple regression models. A total of 1,492 original research articles were analyzed: 212 (14.2% of all articles were OA articles paid by the author, and 1,280 (85.8% were non-OA articles. In April 2005 (mean 206 d after publication, 627 (49.0% of the non-OA articles versus 78 (36.8% of the OA articles were not cited (relative risk = 1.3 [95% Confidence Interval: 1.1-1.6]; p = 0.001. 6 mo later (mean 288 d after publication, non-OA articles were still more likely to be uncited (non-OA: 172 [13.6%], OA: 11 [5.2%]; relative risk = 2.6 [1.4-4.7]; p < 0.001. The average number of citations of OA articles was higher compared to non-OA articles (April 2005: 1.5 [SD = 2.5] versus 1.2 [SD = 2.0]; Z = 3.123; p = 0.002; October 2005: 6.4 [SD = 10.4] versus 4.5 [SD = 4.9]; Z = 4.058; p < 0.001. In a logistic regression model, controlling for potential confounders, OA articles compared to non-OA articles remained twice as likely to be cited (odds ratio = 2.1 [1.5-2.9] in the first 4-10 mo after publication (April 2005, with the odds ratio increasing to 2.9 (1

  8. Citing Journal Articles in Social Sciences Blogs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamid Reza Jamali

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to analyze motivations behind social sciences blog posts citing journal articles in order to find out whether blog citations of scholarly journal articles are good indicators for the societal impact of research. A random sample of 300 social sciences blog posts (out of 1,233 blog posts from ResearchBlogging published between 01/01/2012 to 18/06/2014 were subjected to content analysis. An existing categorization scheme was used and modified inductively. The 300 blog posts had 472 references including 424 journal articles from 269 different journals. Sixty-one (22.68% of all journals cited were from the category of social sciences and most of the journals with high frequency were highly cited general science journals such as PNAS and Science. Seventy-five percent of all journals were referenced only once. The average age of articles cited was 5.8 years. The most frequent (38, 12.67% motivation was to ‘neutrally presenting details of a study’. Overall, social science blogs were rather subject-oriented than article oriented. This means a considerable number of blog posts were not driven simply by writing about an article, instead bloggers tend to write about their subject of interest and use references to support their argument. The study shows the potential of blog citations as an altmetric measure and as a proxy for assessing the research impact.

  9. [Dental implant restoration abutment selection].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bin, Shi; Hao, Zeng

    2017-04-01

    An increasing number of implant restoration abutment types are produced with the rapid development of dental implantology. Although various abutments can meet different clinical demands, the selection of the appropriate abutment is both difficult and confusing. This article aims to help clinicians select the appropriate abutment by describing abutment design, types, and selection criteria.

  10. AN IMPLEMENTATION OF EIS-SVM CLASSIFIER USING RESEARCH ARTICLES FOR TEXT CLASSIFICATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B Ramesh

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Automatic text classification is a prominent research topic in text mining. The text pre-processing is a major role in text classifier. The efficiency of pre-processing techniques is increasing the performance of text classifier. In this paper, we are implementing ECAS stemmer, Efficient Instance Selection and Pre-computed Kernel Support Vector Machine for text classification using recent research articles. We are using better pre-processing techniques such as ECAS stemmer to find root word, Efficient Instance Selection for dimensionality reduction of text data and Pre-computed Kernel Support Vector Machine for classification of selected instances. In this experiments were performed on 750 research articles with three classes such as engineering article, medical articles and educational articles. The EIS-SVM classifier provides better performance in real-time research articles classification.

  11. Editorial: Well Documented Articles Achieve More Impact

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sönke Albers

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available This issue offers for the first time supplementary material to articles. It consists of Excel files providing data the research is based on, calculation sheets, and optimization tools. Moreover, text files with pseudo code of algorithms and data of instances used for testing these algorithms as well as a video file with a demonstration of the use of a system in experiments are supplied for download. This material facilitates the understanding of the published articles and the replication of their findings to the benefit of scientific progress. And last but not least, such well documented articles will achieve much more impact.

  12. Patient safety in clinical research articles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vintzileos, Anthony M; Finamore, Peter S; Sicuranza, Genevieve B; Ananth, Cande V

    2013-11-01

    Patient safety has remained one of the most important priorities over the past decade, particularly in hospital settings. Implementation of patient safety measures has focused not only on reducing medication and surgical errors but also on the development of a culture of safety, including enhanced communication among all healthcare stakeholders. Academic medicine may further contribute to the culture of safety if all relevant clinical article submissions address patient safety. In order to improve communication between the authors of clinical research articles and practicing physicians, we propose that each clinical research article may be accompanied by a clear statement from the authors regarding practice implications and patient safety. © 2013.

  13. [The gender approach in health-related newspaper articles].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruiz, María Teresa; Martín, Marta; La Parra, Daniel; Vives, Carmen; Albaladejo, Manuel

    2004-01-01

    To use a gender approach to analyze the content of health-related articles affecting both sexes (cancer, heart attack and smoking) or mainly women (anorexia, domestic violence and abortion), published in newspapers in the 1990s. To provide recommendations for writing news with a gender-sensitive approach. Analysis of the above-mentioned topics in articles published in the national Spanish daily newspapers El País, ABC and El Mundo (1991-1999). computerized databases of the newspapers. Sample of 1358 articles published in the national edition containing selected terms (battering [57], anorexia [79], heart attack [118], abortion [330], smoking [350], cancer [422]). Concepts studied: visibility, empowerment and equality. Interview with key informers. Thirty-eight percent of newspaper articles that identified the sex of journalists were signed by women. As the main protagonists of the feature, men (73%) were more visible than women (40%). Women mainly appeared as patients (14%) whereas men mainly appeared as politicians (29%) and physicians (24%). Despite the efforts made in the 1990s, the gender approach in health-related newspaper articles should be increased.

  14. The 300 Most-Cited Articles in Implant Dentistry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alarcón, Marco Antonio; Esparza, Diana; Montoya, Carmen; Monje, Alberto; Faggion, Clovis Mariano

    The purpose of this study was to review and evaluate the characteristics of the 300 most-cited articles that have been published in the most important implant dentistry journals. A search and selection of the most-cited articles up to October 2014 was conducted for implant journals with the highest impact factors, according to the ISI Web of Science. The 300-most-cited articles were evaluated according to the most commonly studied topics and methodological designs used. The most-cited journals and the number of articles cited by year were calculated. Descriptive statistics were used to summarize the results. The most-cited topics consisted of implant success/survival and guided bone regeneration, and the most-cited methodological designs were case series and cohort studies. The most frequently referenced journal was The International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Implants, with 47% of the citations, and the period with the most citations was 1996 to 2000. Longitudinal studies of success and survival have had great scientific impact on the practice of implant dentistry. Awareness of the most-cited articles in implant dentistry will contribute to scientific advances, as it serves to identify the most researched areas, the most frequently used study designs, and areas that require further research.

  15. The Top 50 Articles on Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Virk, Sohrab S; Yu, Elizabeth

    2017-04-01

    Bibliometric study of current literature. To catalog the most important minimally invasive spine (MIS) surgery articles using the amount of citations as a marker of relevance. MIS surgery is a relatively new tool used by spinal surgeons. There is a dynamic and evolving field of research related to MIS techniques, clinical outcomes, and basic science research. To date, there is no comprehensive review of the most cited articles related to MIS surgery. A systematic search was performed over three widely used literature databases: Web of Science, Scopus, and Google Scholar. There were four searches performed using the terms "minimally invasive spine surgery," "endoscopic spine surgery," "percutaneous spinal surgery," and "lateral interbody surgery." The amount of citations included was averaged amongst the three databases to rank each article. The query of the three databases was performed in November 2015. Fifty articles were selected based upon the amount of citations each averaged amongst the three databases. The most cited article was titled "Extreme Lateral Interbody Fusion (XLIF): a novel surgical technique for anterior lumbar interbody fusion" by Ozgur et al and was credited with 447, 239, and 279 citations in Google Scholar, Web of Science, and Scopus, respectively. Citations ranged from 27 to 239 for Web of Science, 60 to 279 for Scopus, and 104 to 462 for Google Scholar. There was a large variety of articles written spanning over 14 different topics with the majority dealing with clinical outcomes related to MIS surgery. The majority of the most cited articles were level III and level IV studies. This is likely due to the relatively recent nature of technological advances in the field. Furthermore level I and level II studies are required in MIS surgery in the years ahead. 5.

  16. [Health information on oral malodor in Japanese newspaper articles].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yanagisawa, Tomohito; Furukawa, Sayaka; Ueno, Masayuki; Shinada, Kayoko; Kawaguchi, Yoko

    2006-06-01

    Mass media is an important source for the general public to obtain health information. Newspapers especially have the advantages of providing a variety of information to a broad range of age groups, with wide regional coverage of both urban and rural areas. The purposes of this study were to review the oral malodor information in Japanese newspapers and to investigate peoples' knowledge on the causes of oral malodor. The Nikkei Database was used to select articles published in five major newspapers over a period of 12 years from 1993 to 2004. "Oral malodor" was used as a key search word. A total of 386 articles which contained oral malodor information were identified and used for the analysis. A questionnaire survey was conducted for the patients who visited a fresh breath clinic (n=295). The average number of articles per year was 32.2 +/- 7.3 and there was not a significant difference among years and months. There were only 25 articles (6.5%) with the central theme of oral malodor. More than half of the articles introduced anti-oral malodor products. The causes of oral malodor were described in 35% of the articles (n=134). Periodontal disease (n=57), tongue coating (n=35), otorhinolaryngological diseases (n=19), stomach problems (n=14) and psychological factors (n=21) were described as the causes of malodor. Only 35 articles (26%) described the treatment and prevention of halitosis. According to the questionnaire survey, 39% of the patients answered that they did not know the causes of malodor. Less than half knew that oral problems were related with malodor. It was revealed that the information about oral malodor in newspapers was not enough both quantitatively and qualitatively; people had little information about oral malodor. It is suggested that dental professionals should be aware of the importance of media advocacy to provide appropriate oral health information to the public.

  17. FULL LENGTH RESEARCH ARTICLE Adamu & Babatunde (2008 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Dr. Ahmed

    FULL LENGTH RESEARCH ARTICLE. Adamu & Babatunde (2008) SWJ:21-25. Comparative Studies On the Dying rate Migration. COMPARATIVE STUDIES ON DYEING RATE MIGRATION AND WASH FASTNESS PROPERTIES OF AZO DYES. DERIVED FROM 2-AMINOTHIAZOLE DERIVATIVES ON ACETATE FABRICS.

  18. ORIGINAL ARTICLES Procedure for prolapsed haemorrhoids ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2009-01-25

    haemorrhoids', 'haemorrhoidectomy', 'stapled haemorrhoidectomy' and 'PPH', with the period of review extending from January 2000 to December 2007. Articles addressing PPH and EH were then reviewed. The search included all ...

  19. ARTICLE Nutritional Intervention Research Unit, Medical Research ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ARTICLE. Nutritional Intervention Research Unit, Medical Research Council of South Africa, Tygerberg,. W Cape ... determined by questionnaire; anunquantified food frequency questionnaire was used to determine usual food intake. Biochemical ..... complementary foods, incorrect preparation of formula feeds, and frequent ...

  20. Shared Responsibility under Article 80 CISG

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Neumann, Thomas

    2009-01-01

    Article 80 exempts from liability in the situation where the promisor's failure to perform has been caused by the promisee. The Article has been insufficiently dealt with in the literature and has been overlooked in case law. The paper demonstrates that article 80 has an independent scope compared...... of shared responsibility in which both the promisor and the promisee seem to have caused the promisor's failure to perform. Article 80 applies to three different case types. Firstly, cases of sole causation by the promisee. Secondly, cases of joint causation by both parties where the consequences of each...... contribution can be delimited. Thirdly, cases of joint causation where the consequences of each party's contribution cannot be delimited (shared responsibility). The third case type is investigated further and it is established that an apportionment based on a comparative evaluation of the parties is called...