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Sample records for shigeaki baba toshio

  1. abdul aziz baba

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Genetics. ABDUL AZIZ BABA. Articles written in Journal of Genetics. Volume 96 Issue 4 September 2017 pp 633-639 RESEARCH ARTICLE. Association of GSTM1 , GSTT1 and GSTP1 Ile105Val polymorphisms with clinical response to imatinib mesylate treatment among Malaysian chronic ...

  2. Krupanidhi, Prof. Saluru Baba

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Saluru Baba Ph.D. (Delhi), FNA, FNAE. Date of birth: 1 July 1951. Specialization: Ferroelectrics, III-V & III-Nitride Semiconductors, Thin Films, Epitaxy, Solid State Devices and MEMS Address: Materials Research Centre, Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru 560 012, Karnataka Contact: Office: (080) 2360 1330, (080) 2293 ...

  3. Baba Yaga and the Mushrooms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nineteenth and early twentieth century artists portray the Russian witch Baba Yaga with mushrooms, especially with Amanita muscaria, the fly agaric. Fairy tales about Baba Yaga, as well as other Slavic folktales, repeatedly contain passing reference to mushrooms, but mushrooms are not integral to st...

  4. Professor Toshio Ito: a clairvoyant in pericyte biology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suematsu, M; Aiso, S

    2001-06-01

    Ito cells are liver-specific pericytes which were first described as Fett Speicherung Zellen, the fat-storing cells encircling outside sinusoidal endothelial cells, in 1951 by the late professor Toshio Ito. His pioneering approaches for morphological characterization of the cells stimulate investigators to further examine their functional roles in liver homeostasis: a body of evidence has been accumulated in recent years showing that the cells play a crucial role in storage and delivery of vitamin A, regulation of sinusoidal tone and local blood supply, and tissue repair and fibrosis. It is now widely accepted that microvascular pericytes including Ito cells serve as a key player that controls angiogenesis. Furthermore, recent studies support a concept that Ito cells constitutes a bridging apparatus mediating bidirectional metabolic interactions between sinusoids and hepatocytes, utilizing prostanoids and/or gaseous mediators such as nitric oxide and carbon monoxide as signaling molecules. This article reviews researches on this liver-specific pericyte and its leading roles in recent development of pericyte biology.

  5. Baba, Prof. Chanduri Venkatasatya Kusumahara

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Elected: 1977 Section: Physics. Baba, Prof. Chanduri Venkatasatya Kusumahara Ph.D. (Mumbai). Date of birth: 2 October 1937. Date of death: 5 December 2006. Specialization: Nuclear Reactions Last known address: 8-3-169/113, 2D,, Pallavi Apartments, Siddarthnagar, Hyderabad 500 890. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook ...

  6. In memoriam - William Toshio (Tosh) Yasutake, 1922-2016

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elliott, Diane G.; Winton, James R.

    2017-01-01

    William Toshio (Tosh) Yasutake, 1922-2016 passed away peacefully at home on December 12, 2016, at the age of 94. He is survived by Fumi, his wife of 66 years, as well as four children and six grandchildren. With his death, the fish health community has lost an outstanding scientist as well as a kind, unassuming, and wonderful human being. Tosh was born on June 10, 1922, in Seattle, Washington, to Jack and Hide Yasutake. He was in his first year of studies at the University of Washington when Pearl Harbor was attacked by Imperial Japan on December 7, 1941. Following the attack, Tosh and his family (father, mother, sister, and two brothers) were among the 110,000–120,000 people of Japanese ancestry who were forced from their homes on the Pacific coast and incarcerated in internment camps in the interior. In June 1942, Tosh enlisted in the U.S. Army, serving as an unarmed combat medic in the famed 442nd Regimental Combat Team, the most decorated unit for its size and length of service in the history of American warfare. Wounded in October 1944 during the Vosges Mountains campaign near Bruyères, France, Tosh was evacuated and missed the ensuing battle to rescue the “Lost Battalion,” at which his replacement was killed. Tosh returned to action in Italy in February 1945 and served until the end of the war in Europe, earning both a Purple Heart and a Bronze Star for bravery. In October 2010, the Congressional Gold Medal was awarded to the 442nd Regimental Combat Team, and in 2012 the surviving members were made chevaliers of the French Légion d’Honneur for actions contributing to the liberation of France in World War II.After the war, Tosh returned to the University of Washington on the GI Bill and received a B.S. degree in zoology in 1951. In 1953 he began his research career at the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service’s Western Fish Nutrition Laboratory at Cook, Washington, where he conducted pioneering research on nutritional fish diseases with John Halver. Tosh

  7. AliBaba: PubMed as a graph

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Plake, Conrad; Schiemann, Torsten; Pankalla, Marcus; Hakenberg, Jörg; Leser, Ulf

    2006-01-01

    .... AliBaba is an interactive tool for graphical summarization of search results. It parses the set of abstracts that fit a PubMed query and presents extracted information on biomedical objects and their relationships as a graphical network...

  8. Om ouers van 'n premature baba in 'n neonatale ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In hierdie artikel word die outeur en sy vrou se belewenis met hulle premature baba in 'n neonatale intensiewesorgeenheid (NISE) beskryf en met resente literatuur vergelyk. Twee breë temas naamlik kwesbaarheid en sterktes, is met behulp van interpreterende fenomenologiese analise (IFA) geïdentifiseer. Kwesbaarheid ...

  9. Die vroeë kommunikasieontwikkeling van 'n groep babas met ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Die vroeë kommunikasieontwikkeling van 'n groep babas met pediatriese MIV / Vigs in sorgsentrums. Isabel Bam, Alta Kritzinger, Brenda Louw. Abstract. Die hoë prevalensie en ernstige gevolge van die pediatriese menslike immuniteitsgebrek-virus (MIV / VIGS) in Suid-Afrika stel groot uitdagings aan klinici betrokke by ...

  10. AliBaba: PubMed as a graph.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plake, Conrad; Schiemann, Torsten; Pankalla, Marcus; Hakenberg, Jörg; Leser, Ulf

    2006-10-01

    The biomedical literature contains a wealth of information on associations between many different types of objects, such as protein-protein interactions, gene-disease associations and subcellular locations of proteins. When searching such information using conventional search engines, e.g. PubMed, users see the data only one-abstract at a time and 'hidden' in natural language text. AliBaba is an interactive tool for graphical summarization of search results. It parses the set of abstracts that fit a PubMed query and presents extracted information on biomedical objects and their relationships as a graphical network. AliBaba extracts associations between cells, diseases, drugs, proteins, species and tissues. Several filter options allow for a more focused search. Thus, researchers can grasp complex networks described in various articles at a glance. http://alibaba.informatik.hu-berlin.de/

  11. The Awareness of Baba Nyonya Food amongst Culinary Arts Students in Management and Science University

    OpenAIRE

    Ahmad R. Albattat; Liyana Asmara; Nur Aainaa Bakri; Nur Syazwani Norzaman

    2017-01-01

    Baba Nyonya food is a wonderful combination of Malay and Chinese cuisine with influences from Indonesia, Thailand, India, Holland, Portugal and England. Nyonya food presents the unique identity which combined culture and heritage, adapting ingredients and recipes. The purpose of this study is to find out awareness among Culinary Art students in the Management and Science University (MSU), Shah Alam about Baba Nyonya food, and to identify the uniqueness of Baba Nyonya’s food. In this study, re...

  12. Host Determinants of Expression of the Helicobacter pylori BabA Adhesin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kable, Mary E; Hansen, Lori M; Styer, Cathy M; Deck, Samuel L; Rakhimova, Olena; Shevtsova, Anna; Eaton, Kathryn A; Martin, Miriam E; Gideonsson, Pär; Borén, Thomas; Solnick, Jay V

    2017-04-18

    Expression of the Helicobacter pylori blood group antigen binding adhesin A (BabA) is more common in strains isolated from patients with peptic ulcer disease or gastric cancer, rather than asymptomatic colonization. Here we used mouse models to examine host determinants that affect H. pylori BabA expression. BabA expression was lost by phase variation as frequently in WT mice as in RAG2-/- mice that do not have functional B or T cells, and in MyD88-/-, TLR2-/- and TLR4-/- mice that are defective in toll like receptor signaling. The presence of other bacteria had no effect on BabA expression as shown by infection of germ free mice. Moreover, loss of BabA expression was not dependent on Leb expression or the capacity of BabA to bind Leb. Surprisingly, gender was the host determinant most associated with loss of BabA expression, which was maintained to a greater extent in male mice and was associated with greater bacterial load. These results suggest the possibility that loss of BabA expression is not driven by adaptive immunity or toll-like receptor signaling, and that BabA may have other, unrecognized functions in addition to serving as an adhesin that binds Leb.

  13. Host Determinants of Expression of the Helicobacter pylori BabA Adhesin

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Mary E Kable; Lori M Hansen; Cathy M Styer; Samuel L Deck; Olena Rakhimova; Anna Shevtsova; Kathryn A Eaton; Miriam E Martin; Pär Gideonsson; Thomas Borén; Jay V Solnick

    2017-01-01

    Expression of the Helicobacter pylori blood group antigen binding adhesin A (BabA) is more common in strains isolated from patients with peptic ulcer disease or gastric cancer, rather than asymptomatic colonization...

  14. Agononida Baba and de saint Laurent, 1996 (Crustacea: Decapoda: Anomura: Galatheoidea: Munididae) from Chinese waters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dong, Chao; Li, Xinzheng

    2013-11-01

    The present paper reports five species of squat lobster, genus Agononida Baba and de Saint Laurent, 1996, of which A. squamosa (Henderson, 1885) and A. cf. variabilis (Baba, 1988) were not previously reported in Chinese waters. All the specimens are kept in the Marine Biological Museum collection in the Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao. To date, there have been 11 species of this genus recorded from China's seas. A key to those species is provided in this paper.

  15. The Awareness of Baba Nyonya Food amongst Culinary Arts Students in Management and Science University

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad R. Albattat

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Baba Nyonya food is a wonderful combination of Malay and Chinese cuisine with influences from Indonesia, Thailand, India, Holland, Portugal and England. Nyonya food presents the unique identity which combined culture and heritage, adapting ingredients and recipes. The purpose of this study is to find out awareness among Culinary Art students in the Management and Science University (MSU, Shah Alam about Baba Nyonya food, and to identify the uniqueness of Baba Nyonya’s food. In this study, resource based theory has been exploited for developing conceptual research framework. Data collected using self–administered questionnaire among 110 respondents involving students of Culinary Arts through convenience sampling method. The data analysis has been conducted using frequency, descriptive statistic as well as Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS16. Results clarified that the culinary art students are aware about the uniqueness of Baba Nyonya food and the average ratio of students who know is overwhelming. The study concluded that the establishment of awareness among students about Baba Nyonya food is crucial related to the fact that Baba Nyonya food has been gradually forgotten.

  16. Tejiendo vínculos: tres mecanismos socioadaptativos desplegados por el movimiento Sai Baba en Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodolfo Puglisi

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Luego de presentar los caracteres fundamentales del armazón institucional de la Or - ganización Sri Sathya Sai Baba ( osss B , surgida en la India, y de bosquejar la historia del movimiento Sai Baba en Argentina, en este artículo presento las que denomino tres estrategias socioadaptativas puestas en juego por el movimiento para favorecer la acomodación de sus creencias al campo sociorreligioso argentino, es decir, examino cómo se tejen puentes simbólicos con el trasfondo cultural local a fin de lograr una identificación con los valores de la sociedad receptora.

  17. Narración y sabotaje en Las babas del diablo y Blow up

    OpenAIRE

    Cepedello Moreno, María Paz; Melendo Cruz, Ana

    2013-01-01

    El propósito de este trabajo es demostrar que M. Antonioni y J. Cortázar —en Blow up y Las babas del diablo, respectivamente— comparten los mismos presupuestos teóricos sobre los modos de representación del arte y sus posibilidades de captar la realidad. The aim of this study is to show that M. Antonioni and J. Cortázar —in Blow up and Las babas del diablo— share the same theoretical assumptions on the ways of representation of the art and his possibilities of catching the reality....

  18. BABA-primed defense responses to Phytophthora infestans in the next vegetative progeny of potato

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jolanta eFloryszak-Wieczorek

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The transcript of the PR1 gene accumulation as an informative marker of systemic acquired resistance (SAR was analyzed in β-aminobutyric acid (BABA primed potato in the short-lasting (3 days and long-lasting (28 days time periods after induction and in the vegetative descendants of primed plants derived from tubers and from in vitro seedlings. BABA pretreatment resulted either in minimal or no PR1 gene expression, but sequential treatment with BABA followed by virulent P. infestans provided data on the imprint of post-stress information and its duration until fertilization, in the form of an enhanced PR1 transcript accumulation and a transient increase of basal resistance to the late blight disease. The primed state for defense of the susceptible potato cultivar was transmitted to its vegetative progeny as a potentiated PR1 mRNA accumulation following challenge inoculation. However,variation was observed between vegetative accessions of the BABA-primed potato genotype in responsiveness to disease. In contrast to plants derived from tubers, potato propagated through in vitro seedlings largely lost inducible resistance traits, although itretained primed PR1 gene expression.

  19. Radiation of the red algal parasite Congracilaria babae onto a secondary host species, Hydropuntia sp. (Gracilariaceae, Rhodophyta.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Poh-Kheng Ng

    Full Text Available Congracilaria babae was first reported as a red alga parasitic on the thallus of Gracilaria salicornia based on Japanese materials. It was circumscribed to have deep spermatangial cavities, coloration similar to its host and the absence of rhizoids. We observed a parasitic red alga with morphological and anatomical features suggestive of C. babae on a Hydropuntia species collected from Sabah, East Malaysia. We addressed the taxonomic affinities of the parasite growing on Hydropuntia sp. based on the DNA sequence of molecular markers from the nuclear, mitochondrial and plastid genomes (nuclear ITS region, mitochondrial cox1 gene and plastid rbcL gene. Phylogenetic analyses based on all genetic markers also implied the monophyly of the parasite from Hydropuntia sp. and C. babae, suggesting their conspecificity. The parasite from Hydropuntia sp. has a DNA signature characteristic to C. babae in having plastid rbcL gene sequence identical to G. salicornia. C. babae is likely to have evolved directly from G. salicornia and subsequently radiated onto a secondary host Hydropuntia sp. We also recommend the transfer of C. babae to the genus Gracilaria and propose a new combination, G. babae, based on the anatomical observations and molecular data.

  20. Proposta de uma máquina para colheita mecanizada de babaçu (Orbignya phalerata Mart. para a agricultura familiar Proposal of harvest's babaçu machine (Orbignya phalerata Mart. for the small farms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Albiero

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available O babaçu é uma planta de importância capital na economia de subsistência do norte do Brasil. Sua configuração sócio-ambiental o torna destaque na situação regional amazônica, onde os produtos advindos do babaçu possibilitam renda para a camada mais pobre da população amazônica, além da questão ambiental que é conotada à preservação dos babaçuais naturais. Um dos gargalos técnicos da produção do babaçu, em especial visando a extração do óleo de babaçu, é a colheita feita de forma manual e no sistema extrativista. O objetivo deste trabalho é propor o conceito de uma colhedora de babaçu moto-mecanizada, capaz de trabalhar em cultivos artificiais, assim como em florestas naturais. Foi utilizada a metodologia de projeto da matriz morfológica, onde foram elencadas as possíveis combinações de mecanismos e elementos para uma colhedora de babaçu. Como resultado foi obtido um conceito teórico, sendo concluída a viabilidade técnica de tal projeto, em estudos futuros pretende-se desenvolver estudos de viabilidade técnica detalhados, assim como estudos de viabilidade econômica.The babaçu is an important plant in subsistence economy in northern Brazil. The environment-social configuration of babaçu is prominent in the Amazonian regional situation, where its products are a means of income for the more impoverished Amazonian population, besides the question of the environment, which is relative to its preservation in the forest. One of the technical obstacles to babaçu production, especially with regard to extracting its oil, is manual harvesting and extractive system. The objective of this work is to propose motorized harvesting in both artificial and natural forests. It was used the project methodology morphological matrix, that numbering the possible configurations os mechanism and elements for the babaçu's harvest. The result was a theoretical concept, it has been concluded the technical viability of project

  1. The Prevalence of Helicobacter pylori Virulence Related Genes (hpa and babA2) in Iranian Patients with Gastrointestinal Disorders

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Khatoon Heidari; Vahideh Kazem Nezhad; Alireza Noroozi; Fatemeh Mehravar

    2017-01-01

    .... pylori isolates from patients with peptic ulcer or gastric adenocarcinoma. [...]it is difficult to explain different clinical outcomes only from virulence factors such as babA2, hpa of H. pylori...

  2. Sivas’ta Bir Kâdirî Şeyhi Mor Ali Baba

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Talip Mert

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Tarih boyunca bir takım maneviyat önderleri vardır. Bu önderlerden on dokuzuncu asır Sivas’ının manevi dünyasını imar ve inşâda öne çıkan isimlerinden biri de Mor (Mûr Ali Baba (1804-1884’dır. Kerkük’ten kalkıp Sivas’a gelip yerleşerek burada kurduğu Kâdirî tekkesinde irşad hizmeti veren Mor Ali Baba yine Sivas’ta vefat etmiş ve kendi kurduğu tekkesine defn edilmiştir. Ali Baba, tasavvufî yönüne ilaveten eser sahibi bir müellif ve şâirdir. Ali Baba yazdığı şiirlerinde “Âlî” mahlasını kullanmıştır. Ölüm tarihi daha önce kesin olarak bilinmeyen Ali Baba’nın 1884’te vefat ettiği şer’î mahkeme sicilleriyle net olarak tespit edilmiştir. Bir aile reisi olarak Mor Ali Baba beş oğul babasıdır. En büyük oğlu Abdülkâdir Gulâmî (1854-1887  ve ikinci oğlu Seyfeddîn kendisinden sonra Sivas Kâdirî Tekkesinin şeyhi olmuşlardır. 1925’te tekkelerin kapatılmasıyla Mor Ali Baba’nın torunları mecburen tarikat hizmetinden uzaklaşmışlardır. Soyadı kanununda “Moral” soyadını alan torunlar bir takım memuriyetlerde bulunmuşlardır.

  3. Analysis of Sustainability of New Rural Housing (Case of ole Baba Hoseyn Bridge Village

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeyran Chamcham

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Modernization of rural housing based on the principles of sustainability is one of the most important prerequisites for achieving sustainable development in rural areas. This can only be achieved by knowing the exact status of rural housing and its range of stability. And rural planning is not possible without it. On the other hand, survey of the stability of the different aspects of rural housing will have a decisive role in decisions related to how to promote this project aimed at sustainable rural development. Therefore, this study we have investigated and compared the economic, Social, environmental, technical and physical aspects of new rural housing with sustainability approach, quantitative paradigm and the case study method. The statistical population in the study were all the people of Baba Hoseyn Bridge Village from which a number were selected who had reconstructed their homes. The results are shown in 4 dimensions of new housing's economic, social, environmental, technical and physical aspects in the Baba Hoseyn Bridge Village although they have very little inclination towards sustainability. Despite this, the hybrid economic index for reconstruction of rural housing turned out to be more stable than other metrics.

  4. A revised description of Alderia nigra Baba, 1937, type species of Alderiopsis, n. g., from Japan (Opisthobranchia-Sacoglossa)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Baba, Kikutarô

    1968-01-01

    The species nigra was originally reported by me (BABA, 1937) on a single specimen towed in the Zostera zone in Tomioka Bay, Amakusa, with a presumption that it belonged to Alderia Allman, 1846, in the general organization (depressed body-form and radula) of the animal. At the same time it was

  5. Reservoir operation using El Niño forecasts-case study of Daule Peripa and Baba, Ecuador

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gelati, Emiliano; Madsen, Henrik; Rosbjerg, Dan

    2014-01-01

    Reservoir operation is studied for the Daule Peripa and Baba system in Ecuador, where El Niño events cause anomalously heavy precipitation. Reservoir inflow is modelled by a Markov-switching model using El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) indices as input. Inflow is forecast using 9-month lead time...

  6. Intraoperative localization of the parathyroid glands with indocyanine green and Firefly(R) technology during BABA robotic thyroidectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Hyeong Won; Chung, Joon Woo; Yi, Jin Wook; Song, Ra-Yeong; Lee, Joon-Hyop; Kwon, Hyungju; Kim, Su-Jin; Chai, Young Jun; Choi, June Young; Lee, Kyu Eun

    2017-07-01

    It is unclear whether near-infrared (NIR) light-induced indocyanine green (ICG) fluorescence can effectively identify, and thus permit the preservation of, parathyroid glands in bilateral axillo-breast approach (BABA) robotic thyroidectomy. This case-control study with a prospectively recruited consecutive series and a retrospectively selected control group assessed the usefulness of ICG with Firefly(R) technology to identify the parathyroid glands intraoperatively during BABA robotic thyroidectomy. All consecutive patients (N = 22) who were scheduled to undergo BABA robotic thyroidectomy for papillary thyroid carcinoma in December 2013-August 2015 and met the study eligibility criteria were recruited prospectively. ICG fluorescence was used with the Firefly system (NIR illuminator: 805 nm; filter: 825 nm) integrated in the da Vinci Si robot system to identify the lower parathyroid glands. Parathyroid hormone levels were recorded on postoperative days 0, 1, 2, and 14. Propensity score matching was used to identify an age-, gender-, tumor size-, and operation type-matched group of control patients who underwent BABA robotic thyroidectomy without the Firefly system. The two groups were compared in terms of parathyroid-related outcomes. ICG fluorescence-mediated identification of the parathyroid and thyroid glands required on average (range) 203 ± 89 (125-331) and 207 ± 112 (130-356) s, respectively. The mean (range) fluorescence duration in these glands was 20.8 ± 6.0 (16.6-35.8) and 20.1 ± 7.3 (15.5-33.8) min, respectively. The ICG group had a significantly lower rate of incidental parathyroidectomy than the control group (0 vs. 15.9%, P = 0.048). ICG with NIR light may feasibly and safely identify the parathyroid glands in BABA robotic thyroidectomy.

  7. La doctrina malikí sobre esclavitud y el Miray de Ahmad Baba

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta García Novo

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available La obra Miray al-s. uud, del alfaquí de Tombuctú Ah. mad Baba (1556-1627, perteneciente a la escuela jurídica malikí, es una fatwà u opinión legal en el marco de la jurisprudencia islámica, que aborda la cuestión de los esclavos negros (sudan que reclamaban la libertad en los mercados del norte de África, por haber sido capturados siendo musulmanes, algo que no está permitido en el islam. De acuerdo con el Derecho islámico clásico, sólo los no musulmanes que no cuenten con la protección de un pacto o del estatuto de lad imma, pueden ser esclavizados. Ah. mad Baba reitera esta doctrina en el Miray, haciendo hincapié en que, de acuerdo con la religión islámica, no existe ninguna relación entre el color de la piel y la esclavitud, y que los negros que habitan el bilad al-sudan (el África occidental premoderna no son esclavos por naturaleza. Además, como medio para evitar la esclavización de musulmanes libres procedentes del África occidental premoderna, el autor lleva a cabo una clasificación de los pueblos que, en su época, han adoptado o no el islam en este ámbito geográfico, un sistema que plantea serias debilidades estructurales a la hora de llevar a cabo su fin, quizá también intencionadas.The work Miray al-s. uud, written in 17th century Timbuktu by Ah. mad Baba (1556- 1627, an Islamic scholar that adhered to the Malikí law school, is a fatwa or legal opinion that addresses the issue of the black (sudan slaves that claimed their freedom in the markets of North Africa, for having been captured while being Muslims, something not allowed in pre- Modern Islamic law. According to it, only infidels without the protection of a pact or of the dhimma status can be legally enslaved. Ah. mad Baba repeats this doctrine, while emphasising that the black skin colour has nothing to do with slavery in islam, and that the peoples of pre-Modern West Africa (bilad al-sudan are not slaves by nature. Besides this, and as a means of

  8. Hidrólise parcial enzimática da gordura de babaçu

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    OLIVEIRA Andréa Lícia de Almeida

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Lipases são enzimas de origem animal, vegetal ou microbiana que catalisam a hidrólise total ou parcial de óleos e gorduras, fornecendo ácidos graxos livres, acilgliceróis parciais e glicerol. O trabalho teve como objetivo verificar a ação da lipase comercial FAP (Amano Pharmaceutical Co. no processo de hidrólise parcial da gordura de babaçu. Foi utilizada a Metodologia de Superfície de Resposta para representar o sistema na região estudada. O tratamento estatístico possibilitou analisar a influência das variáveis indepentes concentração de enzima (3 a 327U/mL e tempo de reação (1 a 31h na variável dependente: % de hidrólise. Os resultados experimentais observados nas reações, variaram de 6,52 a 41,44% de hidrólise da gordura de babaçu. Pela aplicação do modelo estatístico, os resultados estimados variaram de 13,57 a 43,80% de hidrólise. O nível de significância foi de 99% para o modelo % de hidrólise. Foi observado que 87,8% da variação da resposta pode ser explicada pela regressão múltipla, demostrando ser bom o ajustamento do modelo aos dados experimentais.

  9. Otimização do processo de extração da baba do caracol Helix Aspersa Máxima

    OpenAIRE

    Rebelo, Pedro Héber Victor

    2016-01-01

    O presente estudo laboratorial teve como objetivos principais a otimização da quantidade de alimentação, à base de ração, necessária para a sobrevivência de um caracol adulto da espécie Helix aspersa máxima, a otimização do tempo de extração de baba de caracol da mesma espécie, a determinação de um método para purificação da baba de caracol, a caracterização físico/química da baba de caracol extraída e, finalmente, a preparação de três produtos de cosmética, contendo baba de caracol. Concluiu...

  10. FOTOGRAFÍA, CINE Y TRADUCCIÓN EN "LAS BABAS DEL DIABLO"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valeria de los Ríos

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se analiza el cuento "Las babas del diablo" de Julio Cortázar desde una perspectiva visual. La hipótesis central de este texto es que Cortázar relaciona escritura, fotografía y cine para poner enjuego la relación entre arte, sujeto y realidad. Esta conexión está mediada por la técnica, específicamente por aparatos como la cámara fotográfica y la máquina de escribir. Cortázar vincula fotografía y escritura a partir del concepto de traducción, construyendo un protagonista que es al mismo tiempo un observador y un letrado. Este protagonista pasa de ser un sujeto eminentemente fotográfico, a convertirse en el involuntario espectador de un filme.In this article, I analyze the short story "Blow-up " by Julio Cortázar from a visual point of view. This text's central hypothesis is that Cortázar relates writing, photography and cinema in order to put into play the connection between art, subject and reality. This link is mediated by technique, specifically by apparatuses such as the photographic camera and the typewriter. Cortázar associates photography and writing through the concept of translation, constructing a protagonist that is at the same time an observer and a letrado. This protagonist, first a photographic subject, becomes an involuntary film spectator.

  11. Frequency of vacA, cagA and babA2 virulence markers in Helicobacter pylori strains isolated from Mexican patients with chronic gastritis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Negrete Erasmo

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Helicobacter pylori has been strongly associated with chronic gastritis, peptic and duodenal ulcers, and it is a risk factor for gastric cancer. Three major virulence factors of H. pylori have been described: the vacuolating toxin (VacA, the cytotoxin-associated gene product (CagA and the adhesion protein BabA2. Since considerable geographic diversity in the prevalence of H. pylori virulence factors has been reported, the aim of this work was to establish the H. pylori and vacA, cagA and babA2 gene status in 238 adult patients, from a marginal urban area of Mexico, with chronic gastritis. Methods H. pylori was identified in cultures of gastric biopsies by nested PCR. vacA and cagA genes were detected by multiplex PCR, whereas babA2 gene was identified by conventional PCR. Results H. pylori-positive biopsies were 143 (60.1%. All H. pylori strains were vacA+; 39.2% were cagA+; 13.3% were cagA+ babA2+ and 8.4% were babA2+. Mexican strains examined possessed the vacA s1, m1 (43.4%, s1, m2 (24.5%, s2, m1 (20.3% and s2, m2 (11.9% genotypes. Conclusion These results show that the Mexican patients suffering chronic gastritis we have studied had a high incidence of infection by H. pylori. Forty four percent (63/143 of the H. pylori strains analyzed in this work may be considered as highly virulent since they possessed two or three of the virulence markers analyzed: vacA s1 cagA babA2 (9.8%, 14/143, vacA s1 babA2 (4.9%, 7/143, and vacA s1 cagA (29.4%, 42/143. However, a statistically significant correlation was not observed between vacAs1, cagA and babA2 virulence markers (χ2 test; P > 0.05.

  12. HAK ÂŞIĞI AMASYALI FEDÂÎ BABA VE TASAVVUF KÜLTÜRÜ [GOD-LOVER FEDÂÎ BABA FROM AMASYA AND SUFI CULTURE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cafer Özdemir

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Fedâî Baba 1855 yılında Amasya’nın merkez mahallelerinden Yassıçal’da doğmuş ve 1940 yılında ölmüştür. Farklı bir kişiliğe sahip olan bu âşığın çocukluğunda geceleri türbelerde yattığı rivayet edilmektedir. Bir süre Amasya’da medrese eğitimi almıştır. Bir rivayete göre eğitimini tamamlamadan medreseyi bırakmıştır. Tokat ili Erbaa ilçesinde medfun Şeyh Mahmut Veli’nin soyundan gelen Derunî Baba’dan tasavvuf ilmini almıştır. Birçok kerameti anlatılan âşığın bilinen iki yüz elli iki şiiri mevcuttur. Âşık tarzı şiir geleneğine uygun olarak rüyasında bade içip âşıklığa adım attığı bilinen Fedâî Baba saz çalamamakta, fakat irticalen şiir söyleme yeteneği bulunmaktadır. Bir Hak âşığı olarak Amasya ve civarını sıkça gezdiği için kendisi bir nevi gezici âşık konumundadır. Hem divan şiiri hem de halk şiiri geleneklerine uygun şiirler söylemiştir. Divan şiiri tarzındaki şiirleri, halk şiiri tarzında söylediği şiirlere göre dil açısından daha ağırdır. Başarılı bir âşık olduğu anlaşılan Fedâî Baba lirik bir üslûba sahiptir. “İlmi ledün, mürşit, zikir, dört kapı, ilahi aşk, tevhit” gibi tasavvuf geleneğinin temlerini dile getiren Fedâî Baba, Alevi-Bektaşi geleneğine mensup olduğu için şiirlerinde bu geleneğin izleri görülür. Tasavvuf ve Bektaşi kültürünün temel özelliklerini şiirlerinde ustaca harmanlamıştır. Amasya’nın Alevi-Bektaşi kültüründe önemli bir yeri vardır. Fedâî Baba, bu yörede güçlü bir etkisi olmasına rağmen hakkında fazla araştırma yapılmamış bir şahsiyettir. Çalışmada âşığın biyografisi üzerinde durulup şiirlerinden hareketle onun Alevi-Bektaşi kültüründeki önemi ve tasavvuf düşüncesi ortaya konmaya çalışılmıştır. Amasya’nın zengin bir değeri olarak görülmesi gereken bu âşık, yaşadığı dönemde halkı eğitmeye ve

  13. PROVIDING AFFORDABLE HIGHER EDUCATION TO RURAL GIRLS IN INDIAN PUNJAB: A CASE STUDY OF BABA AYA SINGH RIARKI COLLEGE

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    RANJIT SINGH GHUMAN

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper highlights a case study of a rural girls college located in a remote village of Gurdaspur district in Indian Punjab. The idea of this unique college was conceptualised by one Baba Aya Singh, a social and religious activist, from a village near the college way back in 1925. It was really a revolutionary idea because female education in India, particularly higher education, was a distant dream at that time. The college was, however, started with only 14 rural girls after about half-a-century when the great visionary Baba Aya Singh had a dream to educate the rural girls. Access to and affordability of higher education is the uniqueness of this college. The student has to pay only Rs. 5800 (about US $ 65 per annum, which includes both the tuition fee and boarding and lodging. It is equally significant to note that the entire expenses of the college are met by this and the produce of agricultural land of the college. The college does not take any outside help. The meritorious senior class students teach the junior class students. The college in its own humble, but significant, way made a revolutionary contribution to the education of poor rural girls who, otherwise, would not have dreamt of college education. Apart from, class-room teaching and bookish knowledge, the students are taught social, ethical and management skills in a most natural manner. The product of the college has proved to be the agents of change and rural transformation.

  14. Visit by His Excellency Mr. Mame Baba Cisse, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Senegal to the United Nations Office at Geneva

    CERN Multimedia

    AUTHOR|(SzGeCERN)780240

    2015-01-01

    In the context of exploring further collaboration between Senegal and CERN, His Excellency Mr. Mame Baba Cisse, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Senegal to the United Nations Office at Geneva, visited CERN. Mrs. Fama Diagne Sene, visiting scientist from Université Alioune Diop De Bambey, is currently at CERN where she works within the Scientific Information Service on a photo-digitization project.

  15. Frecuencia de los genotipos babA2, oipA y cagE de Helicobacter pylori en pacientes colombianos con enfermedades gastroduodenales.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrés Javier Quiroga

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available Introducción. La infección con Helicobacter pylori está asociada con el desarrollo de diferentes enfermedades gastroduodenales. Varios genes de virulencia de H. pylori se han relacionado con mayor riesgo de enfermedad gástrica. Objetivos. El propósito de este trabajo fue determinar las posibles asociaciones entre la presencia de los genes vacA, cagA, cagE, babA2 y oipA en aislamientos de H. pylori de pacientes colombianos y las diferentes consecuencias clínicas de la infección. Materiales y métodos. Mediante PCR se evaluaron los genotipos cagA, vacA, cagE, oipA y babA2 en 166 aislamientos de H. pylori provenientes de 50 pacientes con úlcera péptica, 39 con gastritis crónica no atrófica, 26 con gastritis crónica atrófica, 26 con metaplasia intestinal y 25 con adenocarcinoma gástrico. Resultados. La frecuencia de los genotipos cagA, cagE, babA2 y oipA fue de 73%, 75%, 48% y 74%, respectivamente. El 64% (100/157 de los aislamientos presentó el genotipo citotóxico vacAs1m1/cagA positivo/cagE positivo. Se observó una mayor frecuencia de cepas citotóxicas en pacientes con cáncer (84%, metaplasia (91% y úlcera (81% en comparación con pacientes con gastritis no atrófica (50% (p=0,002, 0,008 y 0,007, respectivamente. La frecuencia de oipA y babA2 fue mayor en cepas citotóxicas que en cepas no citotóxicas (oipA: 81% vs. 52%, p=0,003; babA2: 58% vs. 12%, p=0,000. No se observaron diferencias significativas en la frecuencia de los genes oipA o babA2 solos o en asociación con vacA y cagA/cagE y las diferentes enfermedades gastroduodenales. Conclusiones. No se encontraron evidencias que sugieran que los genes babA2 u oipA puedan servir como marcadores de ulcerogénesis o carcinogénesis en esta población, solos o en asociación con cagA, cagE o vacA.

  16. Two new species of the stenopodidean shrimp genus Spongiocaris Bruce & Baba, 1973 (Crustacea: Decapoda: Spongicolidae) from the Indo-West Pacific.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Komai, Tomoyuki; Grave, Sammy De; Saito, Tomomi

    2016-05-17

    Two new species of the deep-water spongicolid genus Spongiocaris Bruce & Baba, 1973, are described and illustrated from two localities in the Indo-West Pacific. Spongiocaris panglao n. sp. is described on the basis of material from the Bohol Sea, the Philippines, at depths of 220-731 m. Spongiocaris tuerkayi n. sp. is described on the basis of material from Atlantis Bank in the southwestern Indian Ocean at depths of 743-1053 m. Among eight known congeners, both new species appear close to S. semiteres Bruce & Baba, 1973, differing in the rostral length and armature, shape of the carapace, telsonal armature, development of the grooming apparatus of the first pereopod and shape of the third pereopod chela. An identification key to the species currently assigned to Spongiocaris is presented.

  17. Desenvolvimento e projeto de colhedora de babaçu (Orbignya phalerata Mart. para agricultura familiar nas regiões de matas de transição da Amazônia Design and development of babaçu (Orbignya phalerata Mart. harvest for small farms in areas of forests transition of the Amazon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Albiero

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available O babaçu (Orbignya phalerata é uma típica palmeira das matas de transição dos ecossistemas Amazônia/Cerrado e Amazônia/Caatinga, sendo de grande importância econômica, social e ambiental nestas regiões. Os produtos advindos dos babaçuais possibilitam renda para uma das camadas mais pobres da região amazônica e um dos entraves para a obtenção eficiente destes produtos é a colheita dos cocos de babaçu, que atualmente se faz no sistema extrativista. O objetivo deste trabalho foi realizar o desenvolvimento e projeto de uma colhedora de babaçu adaptável ao ambiente de trabalho da agricultura familiar e as características das matas de transição amazônicas. Para tal foram realizados estudos de literatura que nortearam as decisões e simplificações de projeto, assim como foram realizados os cálculos e desenhos da nova colhedora. O projeto foi realizado através de ferramentas de engenharia que apresentaram como resultados o memorial de cálculo que descreve o caminho técnico para o dimensionamento dos elementos constituintes da colhedora e a partir destes os desenhos detalhados dos elementos da nova máquina. Pelos desenhos detalhados suas considerações e decisões concluí-se que a colhedora de babaçu apresenta-se passível de ser construída com materiais nacionais de baixo custo, além de fácil operação, manutenção e com mínimo efeito sobre os babaçuais naturais.The babaçu (Orbignya phalerata is a typical palm of transition forests of Amazon/Savana and Amazon/Caatinga econsystems; it is very important economically, socially and environmentally in this region. Products derived from babaçu provide income for the poor of these regions. One of the problems for obtaining this product efficiently is the extractivist system of harvesting. The objective of this work is to set up a self-propelling project of babaçu harvesting, for family farmers of the Amazonian transition forest region, which would not interfere in

  18. ÖZ-DÜZENLEME STRATEJİLERİ VE MOTİVASYONEL İNANÇLARININ YORDAYICISI OLARAK ALGILANAN ANNE BABA TUTUMLARI

    OpenAIRE

    ÜREDİ, Işıl; ERDEN, Münire

    2009-01-01

    Araştırmanın temel amacı, algılanan anne baba tutumlarının öğrencilerin öz-düzenleme stratejileri ve motivasyonel inançlarını yordama gücünü incelemektir. Araştırmada Yılmaz (2000) tarafından Türkçeye uyarlanan, “Anne Baba Tutum Ölçeği” ile Üredi (2005) tarafından Türkçeye uyarlanan “Öğrenmeye İlişkin Motivasyonel Stratejiler Ölçeği” kullanılmıştır. Ölçekler İstanbul’da orta sosyo-ekonomik düzeyde bir ilköğretim okulunda 350, 8. sınıf öğrencisine uygulanmıştır. Bulgular, algılanan anne baba t...

  19. Helicobacter pylori vacA i region polymorphism but not babA2 status associated to gastric cancer risk in northwestern Iran.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mottaghi, Batool; Safaralizadeh, Reza; Bonyadi, Morteza; Latifi-Navid, Saeid; Somi, Mohammad Hossein

    2016-02-01

    Helicobacter pylori-specific genotypes have been strongly associated with an increased risk of gastric cancer (GC). The aim of the present work was to study the associations of H. pylori virulence factors, vacA i region polymorphisms and babA2 status with GC risk in Azerbaijan patients. The DNA extracted from gastric biopsy specimens was used to access the babA2 and vacA genotypes. Overall, babA2 was present in 85.39 % (76/89) of H. pylori strains: 19 out of 24 (79.16 %) strains from GC, 16 out of 17 (94.14 %) strains from peptic ulcer disease (PUD) and 41 out of 48 (85.14 %) strains from chronic gastritis. No significant association was found between babA2 genotype and clinical outcomes (P > 0.05). i1 vacA polymorphism was detected in 46/89 (51.68 %) strains: in 21/24 (87.5 %), 6/17 (35.29 %) and 19/48 (39.58 %) patients with GC, PUD and chronic gastritis, respectively. i2 allele was detected in 43 (48.31 %) out of all 89 strains examined: 3 (14.28 %) of 24 strains from GC, 11 (64.71 %) of 17 from PUD, and 29 (60.42 %) of 48 strains from chronic gastritis. In this study, multiple linear regression analysis confirmed the strong association of i1 allele with GC (partial regression correlation 0.455 ± 0.101; P = 0). Results of multiple logistic regression analysis showed that vacA i1 genotype was significantly associated with GC compared with a control group (gastritis) (odds ratio 13.142, 95 % CI 3.116-55.430; P = 0). Findings from the measurement of H. pylori babA2 and vacA genotypes indicate a strong correlation between the vacA i1 allele and GC risk in the Azerbaijan area of Iran.

  20. Die vroeë kommunikasieontwikkeling van ’n groep babas met pediatriese MIV/VIGS in sorgsentrums

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brenda Louw

    2003-02-01

    Full Text Available The high prevalence and serious sequelae of the pediatric human immunodeficiency virus (HIV/AIDS in South Africa pose great challenges for clinicians involved in early intervention to develop appropriate interdisciplinary programmes for primary prevention of transmission of the virus as well as secondary interventions directed at the early management of the unique combination of serious health problems, neuro-developmental needs and caregiving circumstances of the infants. Opsomming Die hoë prevalensie en ernstige gevolge van die pediatriese menslike immuniteitsgebrek-virus (MIV/VIGS in Suid-Afrika stel groot uitdagings aan klinici betrokke by vroeë intervensie om toepaslike interdissiplinêre programme te ontwikkel vir primêre voorkoming van oordrag van die virus asook sekondêre intervensies gerig op die vroeë hantering van die babas se unieke kombinasie van ernstige Gesondheids-probleme, neuro-ontwikkelingsbehoeftes en versorgingsomstandighede. *Please note: This is a reduced version of the abstract. Please refer to PDF for full text.

  1. Die vroeë kommunikasieontwikkeling van ’n groep babas met pediatriese MIV/VIGS in sorgsentrums

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabel Bam

    2003-11-01

    Full Text Available The high prevalence and serious sequelae of the pediatric human immunodeficiency virus (HIV/AIDS in South Africa pose great challenges for clinicians involved in early intervention to develop appropriate interdisciplinary programmes for primary prevention of transmission of the virus as well as secondary interventions directed at the early management of the unique combination of serious health problems, neuro-developmental needs and caregiving circumstances of the infants. Opsomming Die hoë prevalensie en ernstige gevolge van die pediatriese menslike immuniteitsgebrek-virus (MIV/VIGS in Suid-Afrika stel groot uitdagings aan klinici betrokke by vroeë intervensie om toepaslike interdissiplinêre programme te ontwikkel vir primêre voorkoming van oordrag van die virus asook sekondêre intervensies gerig op die vroeë hantering van die babas se unieke kombinasie van ernstige Gesondheids-probleme, neuro-ontwikkelingsbehoeftes en versorgingsomstandighede. *Please note: This is a reduced version of the abstract. Please refer to PDF for full text.

  2. Helicobacter pylori vacA s1m1 genotype but not cagA or babA2 increase the risk of ulcer and gastric cancer in patients from Southern Mexico

    OpenAIRE

    Rom?n-Rom?n, Adolfo; Mart?nez-Carrillo, Dinorah Nashely; Atrisco-Morales, Josefina; Az?car-Heziquio, Julio C?sar; Cuevas-Caballero, Abner Sa?l; Casta??n-S?nchez, Carlos Alberto; Reyes-R?os, Roxana; Betancourt-Linares, Reyes; Reyes-Navarrete, Salom?n; Cruz-del Carmen, Iv?n; Camorlinga-Ponce, Margarita; Cort?s-Malag?n, Enoc Mariano; Fern?ndez-Tilapa, Gloria

    2017-01-01

    Background The vacA, cagA and babA2 genotypes of Helicobacter pylori are associated with gastric pathology. The objectives were to determine the frequency of infection and distribution of the vacA, cagA and babA2 genotypes of H. pylori in patients with gastric ulcer, chronic gastritis and gastric cancer, and to evaluate the association of virulent genotypes with diagnosis. Methods We studied 921 patients with symptoms of dyspepsia or with presumptive diagnosis of gastric cancer. The DNA of H....

  3. Baba et al (2)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Timade VENTURE

    temperatures (ranging from 300 - 600 C) and particle sizes (ranging from 0.09 - 0.6 mm) were studied on the waste egg-shells. ... analysis, X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS). ..... irregular sizes and shapes present on the dense surface. However ...

  4. Utilização de fibras (epicarpo de babaçu como matéria-prima alternativa na produção de chapas de madeira aglomerada Use of babaçu staple fiber as alternative raw material for panel production

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ademi Moraes Lima

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a utilização de fibras (epicarpo de babaçu (Orbignya spp em combinação com partículas de Pinus elliottii em diferentes proporções na confecção de chapas de madeira aglomerada, bem como avaliar o efeito de dois teores de adesivo à base de uréia-formaldeído. As chapas foram prensadas a 160 ºC, utilizando-se dois níveis de resinas (6 e 8%, base peso seco de partículas e tempo de prensagem de 10 min, obtendo-se oito tratamentos. Para cada tratamento foram feitas três repetições, totalizando 24 chapas, com densidade nominal de 0,70 g/cm³. As propriedades avaliadas foram: flexão estática - módulo de ruptura (MOR e módulo de elasticidade (MOE; tração perpendicular-ligação interna (LI; estabilidade dimensional - inchamento em espessura (IE 2 e 24 horas e absorção de água (AA 2 e 24 horas, de acordo com a norma ASTM D 1037-91. O aumento do teor de fibras de babaçu associado ao aumento no teor de adesivo contribuiu para a redução nos valores de inchamento em espessura e absorção de água. O aumento do teor de adesivo de 6 para 8% foi fundamental para a melhoria das propriedades inchamento em espessura, absorção em água, módulo de ruptura e módulo de elasticidade. Utilizando até 30% de fibras de babaçu na composição das chapas, os valores de MOR foram superiores aos estabelecidos pela CS 236-66.The objective of this work was to evaluate the use of babaçu (Orbignya spp fiber (epicarp in combination with particles of Pinus elliottii at different ratios in particleboard manufacturing, as well as evaluating the effect of different adhesive contents. The boards were pressed at 160 ºC, using two resin levels - 6% and 8% (particle dry weight basis and 10 min pressing time, totaling eight treatments, tree repetitions per treatment, totaling twenty four boards, with 0.70 g/cm³ nominal density. The evaluated properties were as follows: Static bending - modulus of rupture (MOR and

  5. Geochemistry of rare earth elements in the Baba Ali magnetite skarn deposit, western Iran – a key to determine conditions of mineralisation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zamanian Hassan

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The Baba Ali skarn deposit, situated 39 km to the northwest of Hamadan (Iran, is the result of a syenitic pluton that intruded and metamorphosed the diorite host rock. Rare earth element (REE values in the quartz syenite and diorite range between 35.4 and 560 ppm. Although the distribution pattern of REEs is more and less flat and smooth, light REEs (LREEs in general show higher concentrations than heavy REEs (HREEs in different lithounits. The skarn zone reveals the highest REE-enriched pattern, while the ore zone shows the maximum depletion pattern. A comparison of the concentration variations of LREEs (La–Nd, middle REEs (MREEs; Sm–Ho and HREEs (Er–Lu of the ore zone samples to the other zones elucidates two important points for the distribution of REEs: 1 the distribution patterns of LREEs and MREEs show a distinct depletion in the ore zone while representing a great enrichment in the skarn facies neighbouring the ore body border and decreasing towards the altered diorite host rock; 2 HREEs show the same pattern, but in the exoskarn do not reveal any distinct increase as observed for LREEs and MREEs. The ratio of La/Y in the Baba Ali skarn ranges from 0.37 to 2.89. The ore zone has the highest La/Y ratio. In this regard the skarn zones exhibit two distinctive portions: 1 one that has La/Y >1 beingadjacent to the ore body and; 2 another one with La/Y < 1 neighbouring altered diorite. Accordingly, the Baba Ali profile, from the quartz syenite to the middle part of the exoskarn, demonstrates chiefly alkaline conditions of formation, with a gradual change to acidic towards the altered diorite host rocks. Utilising three parameters, Ce/Ce*, Eu/Eu* and (Pr/Ybn, in different minerals implies that the hydrothermal fluids responsible for epidote and garnet were mostly of magmatic origin and for magnetite, actinolite and phlogopite these were of magmatic origin with low REE concentration or meteoric water involved.

  6. La reescritura fílmica de "Las babas del Diablo" en Blow-up o cómo Antonioni traicionó el cuento cortazariano

    OpenAIRE

    Hatry, Laura

    2012-01-01

    No cabe duda que la mayor afinidad entre el cine y los géneros literarios reside en la novela y el teatro. El caso del cuento es especial, ya que se trata, en cierto modo y sólo en los cuentos de raigambre poética, a la vez de prosa y de poesía y tal vez es por esto que en la historia de la literatura no ha alcanzado la atención que merece. En el caso que nos ocupa se trata de una influencia especial que ha tenido el cuento "Las babas del diablo" de Cortázar: la inspiración para el largometra...

  7. Chemical Composition and Antimicrobial Potential of Palm Leaf Extracts from Babaçu (Attalea speciosa, Buriti (Mauritia flexuosa, and Macaúba (Acrocomia aculeata

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana Idalina Torcato de Oliveira

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Babaçu (A. speciosa, Buriti (M. flexuosa, and Macaúba (A. aculeata are palm trees typical of the ecotone area between Cerrado and the Amazon rainforest. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the antimicrobial potential of the extracts prepared from the leaves of those palms as well as determine their chemical compositions. The ethanol extracts were prepared in a Soxhlet apparatus and tested by disk diffusion and agar dilution technique against Staphylococcus aureus, Enterococcus faecalis, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Candida albicans, and Candida parapsilosis. However, there was no significant activity at concentrations of 25, 50, and 100 mg·Ml−1. Moreover, the phytochemical analysis revealed the presence of tannins, flavonoids, catechins, steroids, triterpenes, and saponins. Gas chromatography (GC/MS analysis also identified organic acids, such as capric (decanoic acid, lauric (dodecanoic acid, myristic (tetradecanoic acid, phthalic (1,2-benzenedicarboxylic acid, palmitic (hexadecanoic acid, stearic (octadecanoic acid, linoleic (9,12-octadecadienoic acid (omega-6, linolenic (octadecatrienoic acid (omega-3, and the terpenes citronellol and phytol. Based on the chemical composition in the palm leaf extracts, the palms have the potential to be useful in the food, cosmetic, and pharmaceutical industries.

  8. BabA dependent binding of Helicobacter pylori to human gastric mucins cause aggregation that inhibits proliferation and is regulated via ArsS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skoog, Emma C; Padra, Médea; Åberg, Anna; Gideonsson, Pär; Obi, Ikenna; Quintana-Hayashi, Macarena P; Arnqvist, Anna; Lindén, Sara K

    2017-01-20

    Mucins in the gastric mucus layer carry a range of glycan structures, which vary between individuals, can have antimicrobial effect or act as ligands for Helicobacter pylori. Mucins from various individuals and disease states modulate H. pylori proliferation and adhesin gene expression differently. Here we investigate the relationship between adhesin mediated binding, aggregation, proliferation and adhesin gene expression using human gastric mucins and synthetic adhesin ligand conjugates. By combining measurements of optical density, bacterial metabolic activity and live/dead stains, we could distinguish bacterial aggregation from viability changes, enabling elucidation of mechanisms behind the anti-prolific effects that mucins can have. Binding of H. pylori to Le(b)-glycoconjugates inhibited the proliferation of the bacteria in a BabA dependent manner, similarly to the effect of mucins carrying Le(b). Furthermore, deletion of arsS lead to a decrease in binding to Le(b)-glycoconjugates and Le(b)-decorated mucins, accompanied by decreased aggregation and absence of anti-prolific effect of mucins and Le(b)-glycoconjugates. Inhibition of proliferation caused by adhesin dependent binding to mucins, and the subsequent aggregation suggests a new role of mucins in the host defense against H. pylori. This aggregating trait of mucins may be useful to incorporate into the design of adhesin inhibitors and other disease intervention molecules.

  9. Düşünme Stilleri Ve Anne-Baba Tutumları Arasındaki İlişki

    OpenAIRE

    Palut, Birsen

    2008-01-01

    Düşünme stili bireyin zihninde olup bitenlerin ve düşünme süreçlerinin farklı şekillerde dışa yansıması olarak tanımlanmaktadır. Düşünme stillerinin oluşum ve gelişim sürecinde bireyin sosyalleşme süreci önemli bir yer tutmaktadır. Bu süreçte anne ve baba tutumları bireylerde hangi tür düşünme süreçlerinin baskın hale geleceğinin belirlenmesinde en önemli faktörlerden birini oluşturmaktadır. Ailelerin içinde yaşadığı kültürel değerler ve inançlar ebeveynlerin çocuk yetiştirme değerlerini, gel...

  10. Desempenho e digestibilidade de nutrientes em ovinos alimentados com rações contendo farelo de babaçu Performance and nutrient digestibility on lambs fed diets containing different levels of babassu meal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antônio Robson Bezerra Xenofonte

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Com o objetivo de avaliar o desempenho, o consumo voluntário e a digestibilidade dos nutrientes, foram utilizados 24 ovinos sem raça definida (SRD, machos não-castrados, com peso inicial de 20 ± 3,25 kg e 4,6 ± 0,8 meses de idade. Os animais foram mantidos em confinamento e alimentados com dietas com farelo de babaçu (0, 10, 20 e 30% em substituição ao feno de capim-colonião. As dietas, isoprotéicas e isoenergéticas, foram fornecidas em forma de ração completa. Utilizou-se um delineamento em blocos casualizados, com quatro tratamentos e seis repetições. O consumo de matéria seca foi influenciado pela inclusão do farelo de babaçu na dieta e apresentou redução de 302 g/dia a cada 10% de participação de farelo de babaçu. A ingestão dos nutrientes e o desempenho foram restringidos pela diminuição do consumo de matéria seca. A inclusão do farelo de babaçu reduziu linearmente o ganho de peso dos animais. A digestibilidade dos nutrientes foi influenciada pelos níveis de farelo de babaçu, mas esse aumento está associado às reduções na ingestão de matéria seca. O farelo de babaçu, ao ser utilizado como alternativa de alimento para cordeiros em crescimento, compromete o consumo de alimentos e o ganho de peso dos animais.With the objective to evaluate the performance, voluntary intake and nutrient digestibilities, 24 NDB (no defined breed, non castrated male lambs with 20 ± 3.25 BW initial and 4.6 ± 0.8 months old were used. Animals were kept in feedlot and fed diets with babassu meal (0, 10, 20 and 30% in substitution to Panicum maximum Jack hay. The diets, isoprotein and isonitrogenous, were fed in a complete mix ration. A completely blocks randomized design, with four treatments and six replicates was used. The dry matter intake was influenced by the inclusion of babassu meal in the diet and presented a reduction of 302 g/day for each 10% of babassu meal inclusion. Nutrient intake and performance were limited by

  11. Biossensor a Base do Mesocarpo do Babaçu (Orbignya phalerata para serem Utilizados na Detecção de Neurotransmissor: Uma prospecção Tecnológica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Ronaldo Sousa Teixeira

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available O pó do mesocarpo do coco babaçu (Orbignya phalerata destaca-se como alimento e também devidos as suas propriedades como antiinflamatório, imunomodulador, analgésico e antipirético. Desta forma, uma nova aplicabilidade é proposta para a utilização deste recurso natural com vistas ao desenvolvimento de produtos tecnológicos, como por exemplo, como sensores para uso nas ciências biomédicas. Por ser um produto natural, propõe-se um estudo deste produto no desenvolvimento de um biossensor para detecção de neurotransmissores tais como a dopamina, noradrenalina e adrenalina. Desta forma, objetivou-se realizar um rastreamento das pesquisas já desenvolvidas e com resultados patenteados, analisando pesquisas com as palavras-chave: biossensores, Orbignya phalerata, neurotransmissor. A prospecção foi realizada no European Patent Office, no United States Patent and Trademark Office, no Banco de dados do Instituto Nacional de Propriedade Industrial do Brasil e nos artigos científicos extraídos da base Scopus. Quando pesquisadas as combinações Biosensor AND Neurotransmitte e Biossensor AND Orbignya phalerata, não foi encontrada nenhuma patente, o que caracteriza que o desenvolvimento do biossensor a base do mesocarpo do babaçu para este fim é um projeto bastante inovador. Somente os Estados Unidos e o Brasil apresentam publicações científicas a respeito do babaçu. Sendo que estas pesquisas são recentes, onde as primeiras publicações datam do ano de 2006.

  12. Rusçuklu Zarîfî Ömer Baba ve Manzum-Mensur Tasavvuf Terimleri Lügatçesi: Istılahât-ı Meşâyıh Zarîfî Omar Baba From Ruscuk and His Glossary Of Verse-Prose Sufi Terminology: Istilahât-i Mashayikh

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Turgut KOÇOĞLU

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available There is not enough information about Zarîfî Omar Baba in the sources we have studied. According to the available sources Zarîfî Omar Baba, who was from Ruscuk village within the borders of Bulgaria today, participated in Sa’diyye Sect and he ascended to the position of sheikh in this sect. Zarîfî has two works which are mentioned in the biograhical antologies. These are Pend-name and Divan. Yet, in the catalogue searches we have done 7 more works, which are denoted to belong to him, have been identified. These works are: Tasavvuf-nâme, İsm-i A’zam, Kitâb-ı İ'tikâd, Hikâye-yi Kan Kalesi, Beyân-ı Ser-encâm, Kısasu’l-Enbiyâ and Istılahât-ı Mashayikh. As far as we could study, Zarîfî’s works have religion-sufism and moral contents. His work, Istılahât-ı Mashayikh, which has not been mentioned in the sources, is a kind of dictionary of sufism terms. In this work, which starts with 23 verses narrating some religion and sufism themes, 70 sufism terms are explained in all. It is possible to group these terms into two as names and positions. In this work, names and their characteristics are written in prose while positions are written in verse. Firstly in verse, the author explains the name which identifies the qualities and characterisitcs of human being in his own sufistic point. Then in prose, he explains the positions the one, who has the characteristics of this name, will get to. In this article Zarîfî’s life, his literary personality and works; language, style and contents of Istılahât-ı Mashayikh have been examined. Besides, some terms in this work have been compared to other sufism dictionaries in order to clarify that meanings ascribed to the same terms show difference according to sects, tariqah and perhaps according to time and place. Finally, the text of Istılahât-ı Mashayikh has been translated into contemporary letters in accordance with its two copies by critical edition method.

  13. Otimização da produção de biodiesel a partir de óleo de coco babaçu com aquecimento por microondas

    OpenAIRE

    Nascimento, Ulisses Magalhães; Vasconcelos, Antônio C. S.; Azevedo, Eduardo Bessa; Silva, Fernando Carvalho

    2009-01-01

    As reações sob aquecimento por microondas geralmente apresentam significativa redução no tempo de reação e elevados rendimentos. Portanto, o objetivo desse trabalho foi adaptar um forno de microondas doméstico de forma adequada e segura para realização de reações de transesterificação, e otimizar o processo de produção de biodiesel por microondas usando óleo de coco babaçu como matéria prima. Para este fim, foi usado um planejamento composto central no qual se variou o tempo de irradiação, co...

  14. Öğrenci tükenmişliğini yordamada stresle başaçıkma, sınav kaygısı, akademik yetkinlik ve anne-baba tutumları / Coping with stress, test anxiety, academic self-efficacy and parental attitudes in predicting student burnout

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Uğur ÇAPULCUOĞLU

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available ÖZETBu araştırma, Maslach Tükenmişlik modeli çerçevesinde, stresle başaçıkma, sınav kaygısı, akademik yetkinlik ve anne-baba tutumları değişkenlerinin lise öğrencilerinin tükenmişlik düzeylerini yordamadaki katkılarını incelemek amacıyla gerçekleştirilmiştir. 1385 lise öğrencisinin katıldığı araştırmada, Maslach Tükenmişlik Envanteri-Öğrenci Formu (MTE-ÖF, “Stresle Başa Çıkma Tarzları Ölçeği”, “Sınav Kaygısı Envanteri”, “Ergenlerde Yetkinlik Beklentisi Ölçeği” ve “Ana Baba Tutum Envanteri” kullanılmıştır. Öğrencilerin tükenmişlik düzeylerinin stresle başaçıkma, sınav kaygısı, akademik yetkinlik ve anne-baba tutumlarının yordayıp yordamadığını belirlemek amacıyla, çoklu regresyon analizi yapılmıştır. Bulgular; akademik yetkinliğin tükenmenin % 14’ünü, duyarsızlaşmanın % 10’unu ve yetkinliğin ise % 20’sini açıkladığını göstermiştir. Bu değişkenin yanı sıra, tükenme alt boyutunda olumlu stresle başaçıkma ve sınav kaygısının; duyarsızlaşma alt boyutunda olumsuz stresle başaçıkma ve sınav kaygısının; yetkinlik alt boyutunda ise sosyal destek arama yaklaşımı ve demokratik ana-baba tutumlarının önemli yordayıcılar olduğu belirlenmiştir.

  15. 2471-IJBCS-Article-Lamine Baba Moussa

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hp

    développement, les céréales représentent l'essentiel du régime alimentaire des populations rurales généralement à faibles revenus (Guèye et al., 2011). Parmi ces céréales, le maïs est une denrée de base pour les Africains. Cette céréale est cultivée dans sept sur huit zones agro-écologiques dont dispose le Bénin.

  16. Tshelovek bez litsa vtjanul BABa v ubiistvo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Vene peaprokuratuuri esindajad küsitlesid Aleksandr Litvinenko surma asjus Londonis Boriss Berezovskit ja Ahmed Zakajevit. B. Berezovski oma vestlusest Vene uurijatega. Artiklis väidetakse, et telesaates "Vesti nedeli" avalikustatud Vene eriteenistuse endise kaastöötaja ülestunnistused viivad mõttele, et A. Litvinenko surma võib olla segatud B. Berezovski ise

  17. Análise da cicatrização do cólon com uso do extrato aquoso da Orbignya phalerata (Babaçu em ratos Healing of colonic anastomosis with the use of extract aqueous of Orbignya phalerata (Babassu in rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raimundo Nonato Baldez

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: A cicatrização é processo complexo, com diferentes fases. Embora exista grande variedade de plantas medicinais poucas têm sido investigadas com intenção de melhorar a cicatrização de órgãos e tecidos, dentre elas, a Orbignya phalerata (babaçu. OBJETIVO: Analisar comparativamente as alterações tensiométricas e histológicas na cicatrização de anastomoses colônicas proporcionadas pelo uso do extrato aquoso do mesocarpo do babaçu (Orbignya phalerata. METODOS: Utilizaram-se 40 ratos Wistar, machos, separados em dois grupos de vinte, denominados grupos controle e experimento, Os ratos de cada grupo foram divididos em dois sub-grupos de 10 animais cada e avaliados no terceiro e sétimo dia de pós-operatório. Realizaram-se colotomia e colorrafia em plano único. Os animais do grupo controle receberam no ato operatório dose única de solução salina isotônica em dose e via de administração semelhantes ao grupo experimento e os do grupo experimento receberam extrato aquoso de babaçu em dose de 50 mg/kg/peso, concentração de 25 mg/ml por via intraperitoneal. Foram analisados os seguintes parâmetros: a avaliação macroscópica da parede e cavidade abdominal; b avaliação tensiométrica da anastomose (pressão e ruptura; c características histológicas da anastomose. RESULTADOS: O exame macroscópico evidenciou a presença de aderências em todos os animais, sendo estatisticamente maior no grupo experimento de três dias quando comparados com o grupo controle. Nos animais do grupo de sete dias não houve diferença. Não houve ocorrência de deiscência de anastomose, fístulas, abscessos e/ou hemorragia. Com relação à tensiometria, constatou-se que a média de ruptura dos grupos controle e experimento tanto para os animais do grupo de três dias (25,4 mmHg - 14,8 mmHg quanto para os de sete dias (183 mmHg - 175 mmHg, foram iguais, não ocorrendo diferença estatisticamente significante. A análise histol

  18. Propriedades da carne e perfil de ácidos graxos do pernil de catetos (Tayassu tajacu alimentados com torta de babaçu (Orbignya phalerata Meat properties and fatty acids profile of the ham of peccaries (Tayassu tajacu fed babassu (Orbignya phalerata meal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N.I. Albuquerque

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Analisaram-se as propriedades da carne e o perfil de ácidos graxos do pernil de catetos alimentados com dietas contendo diferentes porcentagens de torta de babaçu, usada como fonte energética alternativa substituindo parte do milho na alimentação, em sistemas de produção em cativeiro. Avaliou-se o pernil de 12 animais quanto às suas propriedades - perda de peso ao cozimento, força de cisalhamento, pH e capacidade de retenção de água-, depois extraiu-se o óleo da carne e determinou-se o perfil dos ácidos graxos. Não foram observados efeitos (P>0,05 das porcentagens de torta de babaçu sobre as propriedades da carne; os ácidos graxos (AG insaturados, mono e poli-insaturados, foram encontrados em maior quantidade (51,6-57,8% que os ácidos graxos saturados (42,2-48,4% na carne do pernil. Baseando-se na teoria de que os AG poli-insaturados ingeridos na dieta humana são responsáveis pela redução nos níveis séricos de colesterol, sugere-se que a carne de catetos seja uma boa fonte alternativa de proteína.The meat properties and the fatty acids profile of the ham of peccaries ham fed diets with different levels of babassu meal, used as an alternative energy source substituting part of corn on feeding peccaries in captivity, were studied. The ham meats of 12 animals were evaluated on their properties: cooking losses, shear force, pH, and water holding capacity. After that, the meat oil was extracted to determine the fatty acids contents. No effects (P>0.05 of the babassu meal levels on the meat properties were observed. The unsaturated fatty acids, mono and polyunsaturated, were found in higher quantity than the saturated fatty acids in the ham meat of peccaries. Based on the theory that the polyunsaturated fatty acids ingested in the human diet are responsible for reduction of the seric levels of cholesterol, it can be suggested that the peccary meat is a good alternative source of protein.

  19. Allometria da palmeira babaçu em um agroecossistema de derruba-e-queima na periferia este da Amazônia Allometry of the babassu palm growing on a slash-and-burn agroecosystem of the eastern periphery of Amazonia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christoph Gehring

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available A palmeira babaçu (Attalea speciosa C.Martius, Arecaceae tem grande importância socioeconômica e ecológica em grande parte da área tropical brasileira, especialmente em áreas degradadas por queimadas freqüentes na Amazônia. No entanto, ainda pouco se sabe sobre as características ecológicas desta espécie-chave. Este estudo investiga a alometria do babaçu com o objetivo de estabelecer uma metodologia eficiente na estimativa da biomassa aérea de palmeiras juvenis e adultas e para um melhor entendimento da sua arquitetura. A biomassa de palmeiras juvenis pode ser estimada facilmente e com precisão com o diâmetro mínimo das ráquis das folhas a 30 cm de extensão. A biomassa de palmeiras adultas pode ser estimada com base na altura do tronco lenhoso, também relativamente de fácil medição em campo. A biomassa foliar das palmeiras adultas foi em media 31,7% da biomassa aérea, porém houve uma alta variação e, portanto, somente pode ser estimada indiretamente através da relação entre a razão madeira:folha e biomassa aérea total. Os teores de carbono no babaçu apresentaram baixa variação, sem diferenças sistemáticas em relação ao tamanho ou estágio de crescimento, o que aponta à aplicabilidade geral dos valores 42.5% C para troncos, 39.8% C para folhas. Em conseqüência do limitado crescimento secundário do diâmetro inerente de palmeiras, não houve relação do diâmetro de tronco com a altura e a biomassa das palmeiras adultas. Observou-se que o afilamento do caule diminui com o aumento da altura das palmeiras, o que é parcialmente compensado pelo incremento da densidade de madeira em troncos quase-cilíndricos. No entanto, a altura máxima do babaçu, de cerca de 30 metros, aparentemente está definida por limitações na estabilidade mecânica. Todas as relações alométricas aqui descritas são independentes da idade da vegetação, indicando a aplicabilidade geral das relações encontradas

  20. Farelo de mesocarpo de babaçu (Orbygnia sp. na terminação de bovinos: composição física da carcaça e qualidade da carne Babassu mesocarp bran for finishing cattle: carcass physical composition and meat quality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabrícia Rocha Chaves Miotto

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Foram avaliadas a composição tecidual da carcaça e as características qualitativas da carne de 30 tourinhos mestiços (18,9 meses e 346,8kg iniciais alimentados com dietas formuladas com diferentes proporções de farelo de mesocarpo de babaçu (Orbygnia sp. em substituição ao milho: 0; 25; 50; 75 e 100% de substituição. Os animais foram abatidos com peso médio de 476,7kg. A porcentagem de músculo na carcaça aumentou de forma linear: 0,022% para cada ponto percentual de inclusão de farelo de mesocarpo de babaçu (FMB. Por sua vez, os percentuais de gordura e osso da carcaça variaram de forma quadrática, sendo a maior proporção de gordura observada quando a substituição de milho por FMB na dieta foi de 25% e a menor proporção de osso obtida com 50% de substituição. A relação porção comestível:osso foi maior com 42,5% de substituição do milho por FMB. À medida que se elevou a proporção de FMB nas dietas, houve decréscimo na espessura do coxão, escore muscular e compacidade da carcaça. A força de cisalhamento da carne teve acréscimos de 44kgf para cada ponto percentual de substituição do milho por FMB. Quanto à composição química da carne, verificou-se aumento no teor de matéria mineral. O uso de FMB em dietas de terminação de bovinos reduziu a maciez da carne, não alterando as demais características qualitativas.We evaluated the carcass composition and meat qualitative characteristics, of 30 young crossbred bulls (18.9 months and 346.8kg fed with diets with different proportion of babassu mesocarp bran (BMB (Orbygnia sp.; replacing corn: 0, 25, 50, 70 and 100% substitution. The percentage of muscle in the carcass increased linearly, 0.022% for each percentage point of including BMB and the percentages of fat and bone had a quadratic response in which adipose tissue has increased until the replacement of 25% and bone tissue decreased to 50% substitution. The ratio of edible portion: bone increased up

  1. Jean Bruller, dessinateur et illustrateur de la littérature coloniale pour la jeunesse de l’entre-deux-guerres : de Loulou chez les nègres (1929 à Baba Diène et Morceau-de-Sucre (1937

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nathalie Gibert-Joly

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Cet article vise à mettre en exergue l’évolution des prises de position contre le colonialisme du dessinateur Jean Bruller, futur écrivain Vercors (1902-1991, dans l’entre-deux-guerres. L’Appel des 121 que Vercors signa sans hésiter en 1960 pour clamer publiquement le droit à l'insoumission dans la guerre d'Algérie, son combat dès 1955 en faveur de l’indépendance de ce pays pourraient nous conduire à une interprétation rétrospective erronée, celle d’un homme et d’un mythe de la résistance anticolonialiste dès le début de l’entrée dans l’âge adulte et dans son parcours artistique vecteur de cette pensée. Les illustrations qu’il fournit pour la littérature de jeunesse de l’entre-deux-guerres, mais aussi l’une de ses créations personnelles prouvent au contraire que le dessinateur bascula d’une acceptation inconsciente à une interrogation critique du colonialisme du début des années vingt à la fin des années trente. De l’empan de Loulou chez les nègres à Baba Diène et Morceau-de-Sucre, nous distinguerons trois moments marqués par la publication d’ouvrages-clés pour comprendre la prise de conscience graduelle de Jean Bruller, visible dans ses choix collaboratifs comme dans les rapports entre le texte et ses dessins. Il est nécessaire de le situer dans un temps autant personnel qu’historique : celui d’un jeune homme dans un milieu éducatif et social donné, mais suffisamment attentif au monde pour avoir les moyens de s’en émanciper ; celui de l’artiste dans ses réalités symboliques et économiques, influencé par des réseaux de sociabilité correspondant à certains de ses idéaux ; celui d’artistes et d’écrivains qui s’interrogent, d’intellectuels qui prennent des positions de plus en plus tranchées au cours de ces années-là.

  2. Efeito do extrato aquoso de Orbignya phalerata (babaçu na cicatrização do estômago em ratos: estudo morfológico e tensiométrico Effect of watery extract of Orbignya phalerata (babassu in the gastric healing in rats: morfologic and tensiometric study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clelma Pires Batista

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: A utilização de plantas na prevenção e no tratamento de doenças é prática milenar. O babaçu (Orbignya phalerata é uma palmeira nativa do meio norte do Brasil, tendo sua maior concentração no Estdo do Maranhão. O pó do mesocarpo do coco babaçu é popularmente conhecido como amido e tem sido usado como alimento e como medicamento por apresentar atividade antiinflamatória, imunomoduladora, analgésica e antipirética. OBJETIVO: Avaliar o efeito do extrato aquoso do mesocarpo de Orbignya phalerata na cicatrização do estômago em ratos, sob aspectos morfológico e tensiométrico. MÉTODOS: Quarenta ratos da linhagem Wistar, adultos, machos foram submetidos à incisão longitudinal de 1cm no corpo gástrico e síntese em plano único com pontos separados de polipropilene 6-0. Após este procedimento comum, os animais foram distribuídos aleatoriamente em dois grupos, Orbignya (GO e Controle (GC, contendo 20 animais cada. No GO utilizou-se dose única intra-peritoneal de extrato aquoso da planta na dose de 50mg/kg e no GC, água destilada, 1ml/kg de peso. Cada grupo foi dividido em dois subgrupos de 10, conforme o dia da morte dos animais, nos 3° e 7° dias do período pós-operatório. Após a morte, foi realizado o inventário da cavidade abdominal e procedeu-se a retirada do estômago, com posterior avaliação tensiométrica e análise miccccroscópica. Na análise comparativa entre os dois grupos utilizou parâmetros macroscópicos e microscópicos da cicatrização. RESULTADOS: Não foram detectados abscessos, fístulas ou hematomas em nenhum animal. Houve aderências abdominais nos animais dos 3° e 7° dias do período pós-operatório nos dois grupos. Houve deiscência da gastrorrafia em um rato do sub-grupo GO morto no 3º dia. A resistência à insuflação de ar atmosférico foi maior no GC de três dias (p=0,087. A análise dos parâmetros histológicos demonstrou diferença estatisticamente significativa

  3. Baba: Men and fatherhood in South Africa | Adeola | Gender and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    No Abstract. Gender and Behaviour Vol.5 (1) 2007: pp. 1188-1214. Full Text: EMAIL FULL TEXT EMAIL FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT · http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/gab.v5i1.23383 · AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors · FAQ's · More ...

  4. Profitability of Snail Production in Osun State,Nigeria | Baba ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The costs and returns analysis revealed that variable costs accounted for 96% of the production costs. Labour was the most costly single item in snail production in the area. The results further showed that snail farming was highly profitable, with the average farmer earning a net return of 40 naira per snail. There was a profit ...

  5. Dissolution kinetics of pyrite ore by hydrochloric acid | Baba ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The effects of HCl concentration, tem-perature and particle size on the dissolution rate indicated that about 76.4 % of the ore of < 0.1 mm particle size was dissolved at 80 ¢ªC and stirring rate of 360 rpm. The dissolution rate was also dependence on hydrogen ion concentration of the reaction system. Activation energy of ...

  6. Die vroeë kommunikasieontwikkeling van 'n groep babas met ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Neonatal risk factors identified in the subjects were low birth weight and prematurity. ... the non-optimal caregiver-infant interaction and stimulation in the care centres. ... Key words: Pediatric HIV / Aids, Early communication development, Care ...

  7. 1033-IJBCS-Article-Lamine Said Baba Moussa

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DR GATSING

    4Laboratoire d'Etude et de Recherche en Chimie Appliquée. EPAC/ Université ... nombreux travaux de recherche au Bénin ont permis la ..... 37(1): 29-38. Yallou CG, Aïhou K, Adjanohoun A, Baco M. N, Sanni OA, Amadou L. 2010. Répertoire des Variétés de Maïs. Vulgarisées au Bénin. Document. Technique d'Information.

  8. Die effek van stadige barokmusiek op premature babas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Aikman

    1997-05-01

    Full Text Available The maturing foetus belongs in utero, not in the demanding environment of a specialized care unit. Infants born before term are fragile; their ability to adapt and survive in new surroundings is limited. Although current survival rates are encouraging, morbidity among preterm infants persists and may have iatrogenic underpinnings. As a result, neonatal intensive care units are under closer scrutiny than ever, especially in terms of how they may contribute to developmental disability. (Thomas, 1989:249

  9. C-Reactive Protein in Healthy Adult Nigerians | Baba | Nigerian ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: C-reactive protein (CRP) is an acute phase reactant produced in the liver in response to tissue injury or systemic inflammation, its release is stimulated by cytokines (interleukin-6 and tumour necrosis factor-alpha). Elevated CRP levels have been linked to an increased risk of later development of diabetes ...

  10. Okul Öncesi Dönem: Anne Baba Tutumları

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramazan SAK

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Bu çalışmanın amacı 4-6 yaş aralığında çocuğu olan anne babaların ebeveynlik tutumlarını incelemektir. Çalışmada açıklayıcı karma yöntem kullanılmış; bu nedenle de ilk olarak nicel veriler toplanmış, ardından nicel verilerin açıklanması için nitel veriler toplanmıştır. Veri toplama sürecinde öncelikle 258 anne-babaya Ebeveyn Tutum Ölçeği (ETÖ  uygulanmış, sonrasında ise bu anne-babalardan 20’si ile görüşmeler yapılmıştır. Nicel verilerin analizinde bağımsız örneklemler için t testi ve tek faktörlü ANOVA kullanılmıştır. Nitel veriler ise kelime listeleme tekniği kullanılarak kodlanmıştır. Çalışma sonucunda, anne-babaların cinsiyetlerine, yaşadıkları bölgeye, öğrenim durumlarına, yaşlarına, evlendikleri yaşa ve sahip oldukları çocuk sayısına göre ebeveynlik tutumları arasında anlamlı farklar bulunmuştur. Çalışmanın sonuçlarına göre, anne-babaların çoğunun, kendi anne-babalık tutumu hakkında bir farkındalık sahibi olduğu ve sahip oldukları tutumları açıklarken alan yazına paralel ifadeler kullandıkları belirlenmiştir. Ayrıca, anne-babalar sahip oldukları anne-babalık tutumlarını etkileyen faktörler olarak en çok yetiştirilme tarzlarını ve psikolojik durumlarını ifade etmişlerdir.

  11. A Stylistic Reading of Shoneyin's The Secret Lives of Baba Segi's ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Language, in whatever way or circumstances it is used, is not an end but a means to an end. Every individual has a unique way he uses language to suit his purpose. This paper assesses the pertinent linguistic and literary peculiarities adopted by Shoneyin in portraying the societal mishap levelled on women in an African ...

  12. Die belewenis van ouers met ’n siek premature baba

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. E. van der Heyde

    1993-05-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to identify and describe the experiences of the parents of an ill premature infant in order to identify the needs of the parents going through this potential crisis. As a result of the constant medical and technological progress the percentage of premature infants is continually increasing. It is therefore of vital importance that the nursing and other medical staff are made aware of the trauma that these parents experience. This will enable them in giving adequate support and accompaniment in the prevention of social pathology.

  13. Million Fekadu and Hailu Ayele Journal of BABA, Vol 18, 2001

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    noise conditions on the channel. An adaptive coding scheme that utilizes the different merits of more than one frxed rate codes and the noise level variations on a communication channel to achieve an increased throughput has been implemented in this work. An adaptive coding scheme using three fixed-rate BCH codes ...

  14. Biodiesel de babaçu (Orbignya sp. obtido por via etanólica Biodiesel from babassu (Orbignya sp. synthesized via ethanolic route

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Renato de Oliveira Lima

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Biodiesel was obtained by transesterification of babassu oil in anhydrous ethanol and methanol, employing NaOH as catalyst. The products obtained were characterized by physico-chemical and thermogravimetric analysis. It could be concluded that the properties of the two types of biodiesel (ethanolic and methanolic are very similar when compared with diesel oil.

  15. Sample (S): SE57_S08 [Metabolonote[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available SE57_S08 Lotus japonicus (accessions B129 gifu and MG20 miyakojima) Lotus japonicus... NCBI taxonomy:34305 Lotus japonicus accessions were a gift from Dr. Toshio Aoki (Nihon University, Japan). ...

  16. Prevalencia de los genotipos de virulencia de Helicobacter pylori cagA, vacA, babA2 e iceA en pacientes colombianos con dispepsia funcional

    OpenAIRE

    Arévalo Galvis, Azucena

    2010-01-01

    Helicobacter pylori es una bacteria Gram negativa agente causal de gastritis crónica, ulceras pépticas, duodenales, cáncer gástrico y linfoma de tejido linfoide asociado a mucosas (MALT). Aunque no se sabe con exactitud porqué la infección produce diversos desenlaces clínicos, se considera que para la generación de los mismos participan características genéticas del huésped, factores medioambientales y factores de virulencia del microorganismo. Dentro de estos últimos, hay evidencia de que al...

  17. African Health Sciences - Vol 16, No 3 (2016)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Chien-Wei Liao, Chung-Jung Fu, Cheng-Yan Kao, Yueh-Lun Lee, Po-Ching Chen, Ting-Wu Chuang, Toshio Naito, Chia-Mei Chou, Ying-Chie Huang, Idalina Bonfim, Chia-Kwung Fan, 690-697 .... Analysis of personality traits as a risk factor in crash related trauma · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT

  18. 陸棲シアノバクテリア Nostoc commune 由来の多機能性紫外線吸収色素

    OpenAIRE

    エーサン, ナジフィ

    2013-01-01

    博士論文要旨Abstract 要約Outline 以下に掲載:Marine Drugs 11(9) pp.3124-3154 2013. MDPI. 共著者:Ehsan Nazifi, Naoki Wada, Minami Yamaba, Tomoya Asano, Takumi Nishiuchi, Seiichi Matsugo, Toshio Sakamoto

  19. ヒトオキシトシン受容体遺伝子の非同義一塩基多型と自閉症スペクトラム障害:日本人集団における症例対照研究と機能解析

    OpenAIRE

    馬, 文婕; Ma, Wen-Jie

    2013-01-01

    博士論文要旨Abstract 以下に掲載:Molecular Autism. 4(22) pp.1-14 2013. Bio Med Central. 共著者:Wen-Jie Ma, Minako Hashii, Toshio Munesue, Kenshi Hayashi, Kunimasa Yagi, Masakazu Yamagishi,Haruhiro Higashida1, Shigeru Yokoyama

  20. Proceedings of the International Wire and Cable Symposium (29th) Held at Cherry Hill, New Jersey on November 18, 19 and 20, 1980.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-11-01

    factor of Crosslinked Polyethylene Insulated Conduc- especially on long testing lengths which have tors" by ToshioTabata, Teruo Fukuda , and Zen- more...bell shaped curve and published his findings in projections can insure that no reel of cable is a paper entitled "The Doctrine of Chances". On

  1. Shanghai biennaal / Maria-Kristiina Soomre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soomre, Maria-Kristiina, 1978-

    2001-01-01

    2000. a. III Shanghai biennaalil osales 30 kohalikku ja 30 kutsutud välismaa kunstnikku. Väliskuraatorid - Hou Hanru Prantsusmaalt, Toshio Shimizu Jaapanist. Eksponeeriti esmakordselt video- ja installatsioonikunsti. Näitusele mittepääsenute väljapanekutest.

  2. Plant perception of β-aminobutyric acid is mediated by an aspartyl-tRNA synthetase

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Luna, Estrella; van Hulten, Marieke; Zhang, Yuhua; Berkowitz, Oliver; López, Ana; Pétriacq, Pierre; Sellwood, Matthew A; Chen, Beining; Burrell, Mike; van de Meene, Allison; Pieterse, Corné M J; Flors, Victor; Ton, Jurriaan

    Specific chemicals can prime the plant immune system for augmented defense. β-aminobutyric acid (BABA) is a priming agent that provides broad-spectrum disease protection. However, BABA also suppresses plant growth when applied in high doses, which has hampered its application as a crop defense

  3. Plant perception of β-aminobutyric acid is mediated by an aspartyl-tRNA synthetase

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Luna, E.; Van Hulten, M.; Zhang, Y.; Berkowitz, O.; López, A.; Pétriacq, P.; Sellwood, M.A.; Chen, B.; Burrell, M.; Van de Meene, A.; Pieterse, C.M.J.; Flors, V.; Ton, J.

    2014-01-01

    Specific chemicals can prime the plant immune system for augmented defense. β-aminobutyric acid (BABA) is a priming agent that provides broad-spectrum disease protection. However, BABA also suppresses plant growth when applied in high doses, which has hampered its application as a crop defense

  4. Reference: 77 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 77 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u15053758i Baba Kyoko ... affected in the rpoT;2 mutant of Arabidopsis. 1 38-48 15053758 2004 Apr The Plant journal Baba Kyoko|Bhaler

  5. Priming against Asiatic citrus canker and monitoring of PR genes ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Green house experiments showed that BABA (250 ppm) and GTE {5 % (w/v)} treatment protects lime plants against Xcc. Lime plants treated with BABA, green tea extract (Camellia sinensis), copper oxychloride and distilled water were inoulated with Xcc. Lesion expansion of inoculated leaves were evaluated 5,10 and 20 ...

  6. Asian-Pacific Papers. Occasional Papers Number 10.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCarthy, Brian, Ed.

    Sixteen papers are presented. Topics covered include language teaching, discourse analysis, code switching, phonetics, language and cultural identity, and descriptive and comparative studies. All presenters were from the Asia-Pacific area of the world. Papers include: "The Baba Malay Lexicon: Hokkien Loanwords in Baba Malay" (Anne…

  7. Optimizing chemically induced resistance in tomato against Botrytis cinerea

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Luna, Estrella; Beardon, Emily G; Ravnskov, Sabine

    2016-01-01

    Resistance-inducing chemicals can offer broad-spectrum disease protection in crops, but can also affect plant growth and interactions with plant-beneficial microbes. We have evaluated different application methods of ß-aminobutyric acid (BABA) and jasmonic acid (JA) for long-lasting induced...... resistance in tomato against Botrytis cinerea. In addition, we have studied non-target effects on plant growth and root colonization by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF). Germinating seeds for one week in BABA- or JA-containing solutions promoted seed germination efficiency, did not affect plant growth......, and induced resistance in 4 week-old plants. When formulating BABA and JA in carboxymethyl cellulose seed coating, only BABA was able to induce resistance in 4 week-old plants. Root treatment of 1 week-old seedlings with BABA or JA also induced resistance in 4 week-old plants. However, this seedling treatment...

  8. A Report on Five New Records of Nudibranch Molluscs from Korea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jung, Daewui

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The Korean nudibranch faunal study has been conducted since 2011 and five species including Dermatobranchus otome Baba, 1992, Mexichromis festiva (Angas, 1864, Noumea nivalis Baba, 1937, Hoplodoris armata (Baba, 1993, and Okenia hiroi (Baba, 1938 were newly reported with re-descriptions and figures. Also, Noumea purpurea Baba, 1949 was re-described with illustrations because previous records for this species were given without a description. Two congeneric species in the genus Noumea could be distinguished by ground color, dorsal markings, color of the mantle edge and gills, and mantle and dorsal marking. In addition, mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI sequences of five species were provided for further molecular identification study. Consequently, a total of 43 species have been reported for the Korean nudibranch fauna.

  9. β-Amino-n-butyric Acid Regulates Seedling Growth and Disease Resistance of Kimchi Cabbage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Yeong Chae; Kim, Yeon Hwa; Lee, Young Hee; Lee, Sang Woo; Chae, Yun-Soek; Kang, Hyun-Kyung; Yun, Byung-Wook; Hong, Jeum Kyu

    2013-09-01

    Non-protein amino acid, β-amino-n-butyric acid (BABA), has been involved in diverse physiological processes including seedling growth, stress tolerance and disease resistance of many plant species. In the current study, treatment of kimchi cabbage seedlings with BABA significantly reduced primary root elongation and cotyledon development in a dose-dependent manner, which adverse effects were similar to the plant response to exogenous abscisic acid (ABA) application. BABA was synergistically contributing ABA-induced growth arrest during the early seedling development. Kimchi cabbage leaves were highly damaged and seedling growth was delayed by foliar spraying with high concentrations of BABA (10 to 20 mM). BABA played roles differentially in in vitro fungal conidial germination, mycelial growth and conidation of necrotroph Alternaria brassicicola causing black spot disease and hemibiotroph Colletotrichum higginsianum causing anthracnose. Pretreatment with BABA conferred induced resistance of the kimchi cabbage against challenges by the two different classes of fungal pathogens in a dose-dependent manner. These results suggest that BABA is involved in plant development, fungal development as well as induced fungal disease resistance of kimchi cabbage plant.

  10. β-Amino-n-butyric Acid Regulates Seedling Growth and Disease Resistance of Kimchi Cabbage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yeong Chae Kim

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Non-protein amino acid, β-amino-n-butyric acid (BABA, has been involved in diverse physiological processes including seedling growth, stress tolerance and disease resistance of many plant species. In the current study, treatment of kimchi cabbage seedlings with BABA significantly reduced primary root elongation and cotyledon development in a dose-dependent manner, which adverse effects were similar to the plant response to exogenous abscisic acid (ABA application. BABA was synergistically contributing ABA-induced growth arrest during the early seedling development. Kimchi cabbage leaves were highly damaged and seedling growth was delayed by foliar spraying with high concentrations of BABA (10 to 20 mM. BABA played roles differentially in in vitro fungal conidial germination, mycelial growth and conidation of necrotroph Alternaria brassicicola causing black spot disease and hemibiotroph Colletotrichum higginsianum causing anthracnose. Pretreatment with BABA conferred induced resistance of the kimchi cabbage against challenges by the two different classes of fungal pathogens in a dose-dependent manner. These results suggest that BABA is involved in plant development, fungal development as well as induced fungal disease resistance of kimchi cabbage plant.

  11. Avaliação da implantação de uma unidade de extração do óleo do coco babaçu para o desenvolvimento sustentável de comunidades tradicionais da região amazônica

    OpenAIRE

    Souza, Iracema Pinto de

    2012-01-01

    Resumo: A sustentabilidade pode ser alcançada quando um projeto é ecologicamente correto, economicamente viável, socialmente justo e culturalmente aceito. Desta forma, o desenvolvimento de comunidades tradicionais, como indígenas e quilombolas, pode ter melhor sucesso quando baseado nesta filosofia. A situação social da comunidade de Axixá do Tocantins e seu potencial de gerar renda foram avaliados para proposição de uma atividade econômica que melhorasse a sustentabilidade do município. Para...

  12. Síntese de nanocatalisador cerâmico a base de SnO2 pelo método hidrotermal assistido por micro-ondas aplicado a reação de transesterificação do óleo de babaçu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. M. dos Santos

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available As propriedades físicas e químicas de materiais em escala nanométrica são de imenso interesse e sua importância tem crescido em diversas aplicações tecnológicas. Este trabalho abordou o estudo da influência do método hidrotermal assistido por micro-ondas para obtenção de nanopartículas à base de SnO2, com intuito de utilização como catalisadores. O tratamento térmico em elevadas temperaturas produziu materiais com propriedades catalíticas. O pó obtido foi caracterizado por meio da difração de raios X, espectroscopia Raman e microscopia eletrônica de varredura, a fim de verificar a morfologia, que evidencia a formação de SnO2. Além disso, o pó foi testado na conversão catalítica de óleo vegetal em biodiesel obtendo rendimento de 90%.

  13. Reliability Prediction Modeling of New Devices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-07-01

    Current Characterization of Peristaltic Charge-Coupled Devices," Philips Research Report, 32 (5-6), 429-435 (1977). Wada, Toshio, et al., "MAS-ROM...Peristaltic Charge-Coupled Device," Philips Research Reports, Vol. 29, No. 1, pp..25-44, Feb. 1974. Collet, M. G., "Experimental Method to Analyse...Technical Journal, Vol. Ui, No. 3, PP. 79-100, Sept. 1975. Seib , D. H., "Carrier Diffusion Degradation of Modulation Transfer Function in Charge Coupled

  14. An exceptional collision tumor: gastric calcified stromal tumor and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    An exceptional collision tumor: gastric calcified stromal tumor and pancreatic adenocarcinoma. Hicham Baba, Mohamed Elfahssi, Mohamed Said Belhamidi, Abderrahman Elhjouji, Ahmed Bounaim, Abdelmounaim Ait Ali, Khalid Sair, Aziz Zentar ...

  15. Journal of Agricultural Research and Development - Vol 13, No 2 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Flock Size and System of Turkey Management by Farmers in Zuru Emirate, Kebbi State, Nigeria · EMAIL FULL TEXT EMAIL FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. MD Baba, AL Ala, MA Maikasuwa, 15-22 ...

  16. Reference: 175 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available e (BABA-IR) is associated with an augmented capacity to express basal defense responses, a phenomenon... the beta-aminobutyric acid-induced priming phenomenon in Arabidopsis. 3 987-99 15722464 2005 Mar The Plant

  17. synthesis, characterization, electrical and catalytic studies of some

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    B. S. Chandravanshi

    SYNTHESIS, CHARACTERIZATION, ELECTRICAL AND CATALYTIC STUDIES. OF SOME COORDINATION COMPOUNDS DERIVED FROM UNSYMMETRICAL. SCHIFF BASE LIGAND. Gaurav B. Pethe, Amit R. Yaul and Anand S. Aswar*. Department of Chemistry, Sant Gadge Baba Amravati University, Amravati-444 602 ...

  18. Science World Journal - Vol 11, No 3 (2016)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Estimation of land surface temperature of Kaduna metropolis, Nigeria using landsat images · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. Isa Zaharaddeen, Ibrahim I. Baba, Ayuba Zachariah, 36-42 ...

  19. Sensibilité aux antibiotiques des souches de staphylococcus aureus ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Sensibilité aux antibiotiques des souches de staphylococcus aureus communautaires dans la région de Nouakchott (Mauritanie). Mohamed Lemine Ould Salem, Sidi Mohamed Ghaber, Sidi El Wafi Ould Baba, Mohamed Mahmoud Ould Maouloud ...

  20. El análisis contrastivo como instrumento didáctico: Los problemas de adquisición del artículo en español por aprendices eslovenos en los diferentes niveles del MCER

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Santiago Alonso, Gemma

    2014-01-01

    ...) mechanisms employed by the Slovene language to express definiteness on the basis of examples from Julio Cortazar's short story Las babas del diablo and its Slovene translation by Vesna Velkovrh Bukilica...

  1. Galatheoid squat lobsters (Crustacea: Decapoda: Anomura from Korean waters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jung Nyun Kim

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Ten species of Galatheoidea (squat lobsters, belonging to two families, were collected in the Korean exclusive economic zone: Galathea balssi Miyake and Baba, 1964, Galathea orientalis Stimpson, 1858, Galathea pubescens Stimpson, 1858, and Galathea rubromaculata Miyake and Baba, 1967 belonging to Galatheidae; Bathymunida brevirostris Yokoya, 1933, Cervimunida princeps Benedict, 1902, Munida caesura Macpherson and Baba, 1993, Munida japonica Stimpson, 1858, Munida pherusa Macpherson and Baba, 1993, and Paramunida scabra (Henderson, 1885 belonging to Munididae. The present study comprises the morphological description of these ten species, including drawings and color photographs, a brief review of their regional records, and a key for their identification. Although all species are common in Japanese waters, G. balssi, G. rubromaculata, B. brevirostris, C. princeps, M. caesura, and M. pherusa are new to Korean marine fauna.

  2. Sea breeze-induced wind sea growth in the central west coast of India.

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Aboobacker, V.M.; Seemanth, M.; Samiksha, S.V.; Sudheesh, K.; Kerkar, J.; Vethamony, P.

    the land-sea breeze circulation along the central west coast of India using the mesoscale model, MM5, which was developed by the Pennsylvania State University / National Centre for Atmospheric Research (PSU/NCAR). It provides fine details of winds... coast of India have been studied using measurements and models by several researchers (For example, Kurian and Baba, 1987; Baba et al., 1989; Chandramohan et al., 1991; Kumar et al., 2000; Samiksha et al., 2012; Vethamony et al., 2013; Rashmi et al...

  3. DL-β-aminobutyric acid-induced resistance in soybean against Aphis glycines Matsumura (Hemiptera: Aphididae.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yunpeng Zhong

    Full Text Available Priming can improve plant innate capability to deal with the stresses caused by both biotic and abiotic factors. In this study, the effect of DL-β-amino-n-butyric acid (BABA against Aphis glycines Matsumura, the soybean aphid (SA was evaluated. We found that 25 mM BABA as a root drench had minimal adverse impact on plant growth and also efficiently protected soybean from SA infestation. In both choice and non-choice tests, SA number was significantly decreased to a low level in soybean seedlings drenched with 25 mM BABA compared to the control counterparts. BABA treatment resulted in a significant increase in the activities of several defense enzymes, such as phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL, peroxidase (POX, polyphenol oxidase (PPO, chitinase (CHI, and β-1, 3-glucanase (GLU in soybean seedlings attacked by aphid. Meanwhile, the induction of 15 defense-related genes by aphid, such as AOS, CHS, MMP2, NPR1-1, NPR1-2, and PR genes, were significantly augmented in BABA-treated soybean seedlings. Our study suggest that BABA application is a promising way to enhance soybean resistance against SA.

  4. Effect of β-aminobutyric acid on cell wall modification and senescence in sweet cherry during storage at 20°C.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Lei; Jin, Peng; Wang, Jing; Jiang, Lulu; Shan, Timin; Zheng, Yonghua

    2015-05-15

    The effects of postharvest β-aminobutyric acid (BABA) treatment on fruit firmness, pectin degrading enzymes, cell wall constituents and microstructural alterations of pericarp in sweet cherry fruit were investigated. BABA significantly delayed the decline of fruit firmness and inhibited the increase of membrane permeability and the accumulation of malondialdehyde in cherries. The BABA-treated fruit exhibited significantly higher contents of water-soluble pectin, CDTA-soluble pectin, Na2CO3-soluble pectin, total pectin, cellulose and hemicellulose than the control during storage. Activities of pectin degrading enzymes including polygalacturonase and pectinmethylesterase were markedly reduced by BABA treatment. Observations by scanning electron microscopy showed BABA maintained smooth cuticle and integrated structure of subepidermal cell in sweet cherry. These results suggest that the delay in fruit senescence by BABA may be due to depressed membrane permeability and malondialdehyde content, reduced activities of polygalacturonase and pectinmethylesterase, enhanced cell wall polysaccharides content, and integrated subepidermal cell structure in sweet cherry. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  5. Induction of Direct or Priming Resistance against Botrytis cinerea in Strawberries by β-Aminobutyric Acid and Their Effects on Sucrose Metabolism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Kaituo; Liao, Yunxia; Xiong, Qi; Kan, Jianquan; Cao, Shifeng; Zheng, Yonghua

    2016-07-27

    The specific forms of disease resistance induced by β-aminobutyric acid (BABA) and their impacts on sucrose metabolism of postharvest strawberries were determined in the present research. Treatment with 10-500 mmol L(-1) BABA inhibited the Botrytis cinerea infection, possibly directly by suppressing the fungus growth and indirectly by triggering disease resistance. Moreover, BABA-induced resistance against B. cinerea infection in strawberries was associated with either one of two mechanisms, depending upon the concentration used: BABA at concentrations higher than 100 mmol L(-1) directly induced the defense response, including a H2O2 burst, modulation of the expression of PR genes, including FaPR1, FaChi3, Faβglu, and FaPAL, and increased activities of chitinase, β-1,3-glucanase, and PAL, whereas BABA at 10 mmol L(-1) activated a priming response because the BABA-treated fruits exhibited an increased capacity to express molecular defense only when the fruits were inoculated with B. cinerea. Activation of the priming defense appeared almost as effective against B. cinerea as inducing direct defense. However, the primed strawberries maintained higher activities of SS synthesis and SPS and SPP enzymes) and lower level of SS cleavage during the incubation; these activities contributed to higher sucrose, fructose, and glucose contents, sweetness index, and sensory scores compared to fruits exhibiting the direct defense. Thus, it is plausible that the priming defense, which can be activated by BABA at relatively low concentrations, represents an optimal strategy for combining the advantages of enhanced disease protection and soluble sugar accumulation.

  6. H. pylori clinical isolates have diverse babAB genotype distributions over different topographic sites of stomach with correlation to clinical disease outcomes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sheu Shew-Meei

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Intragenomic recombination between babA and babB mediates antigenic variations and may help H. pylori colonization. This study determined whether variable genotypes of babA and babB correlate to different clinical disease outcomes, and can distribute over the different gastric niches. Results This study enrolled 92 clinical strains (45 from peptic ulcer, 27 from gastritis, and 20 from gastric cancer to detect whether the babA and babB are at locus A or B by PCR reactions using the primers designed from the upstream and variable region of the babA and babB genes. Four genotypes of babA and babB (A B, AB B, A AB, AB AB were found. The distribution of the 4 genotypes in 92 clinical strains was significantly different among patients with different gastric diseases (p vs. 9.7%, p p p > 0.05. Besides, the study enrolled 19 patients to verify whether variable genotypes of babAB existed in the different gastric niches. Among the patients infected with more than one babAB genotypes over antrum and corpus, there were higher rate of genotypes as A B or AB AB in isolates from antrum than in those from corpus (75.0 % vs. 16.7%, p  Conclusions The H. pylori isolate with the AB AB genotype correlates with an increased gastric cancer risk, and colonize in an antrum predominant manner.

  7. The effect of D,L-β-aminobutyric acid on the growth and development of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. tulipae (Apt.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Jarecka

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The effect of D,L-β-aminobutyric acid (BABA on the growth and development of the root system and the development of fusariosis on tulip bulbs cv. Apeldoorn infected by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. tulipae (F.ox.t. 218 was studied. The length and fresh weight of roots, the development of fusariosis on bulbs and the linear growth of mycelium of F.ox.t. 218 on PDA medium were measured. Preventively used BABA at a concentration of 100, 250 and 300 µg·cm-3 for soaking uncooled and cooled tulip bulbs greatly inhibited the development of fusariosis on the root system; the length and fresh weight of roots were similar to those of the bulbs not inoculated with F.ox.t. 218. At a concentration of 100 µg·cm-3;, BABA used for soaking bulbs limited the development of fusariosis on scales in about 50% and the concentration of 200 µg·cm-3 totally inhibited the disease symptoms induced by F.ox.t. 218. At a concentration of 100 - 1000 µg·cm-3, BABA did not inhibit the mycelium growth of F.ox.t. 17 and F.xo.t. 218 on PDA medium. This study suggests that BABA protects tulip roots and bulb scales against F. oxysporum f. sp. tulipae by inducing resistance in these organs and has no direct influence on the pathogen.

  8. Influence of body habitus on the surgical outcomes of bilateral axillo-breast approach robotic thyroidectomy in papillary thyroid carcinoma patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Hee Seung; Chai, Young Jun; Kim, Su-Jin; Choi, June Young; Lee, Kyu Eun

    2016-07-01

    Obesity is associated with a number of medical comorbidities and is considered a risk factor for surgical complications. The purpose of this study was to analyze the influence of body habitus including obesity on the surgical outcomes of the Bilateral axillo-breast approach (BABA) robotic thyroidectomy (RoT) in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) patients. The medical records of 456 PTC patients who underwent BABA RoT between January 2011 and December 2012 were reviewed, and 310 women PTC patients who had undergone BABA robotic total thyroidectomy with central lymph node dissection were examined. Body habitus were evaluated by measuring body mass index (BMI), body surface area, and neck circumference. We divided the patients into BMI habitus indexes and postoperative length of hospital stay, number of retrieved central lymph nodes, postoperative thyroglobulin levels, occurrence of hypoparathyoidism, recurrent laryngeal nerve injury and wound complication. Patient with large body habitus undergoing BABA RoT were not at an increased risk of surgical complications and showed good surgical outcomes. BABA RoT may be a good alternative operative method for PTC patients for whom cosmetic outcome is an important consideration.

  9. Atomic force microscopy measurements reveal multiple bonds between Helicobacter pylori blood group antigen binding adhesin and Lewis b ligand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parreira, P; Shi, Q; Magalhaes, A; Reis, C A; Bugaytsova, J; Borén, T; Leckband, D; Martins, M C L

    2014-12-06

    The strength of binding between the Helicobacter pylori blood group antigen-binding adhesin (BabA) and its cognate glycan receptor, the Lewis b blood group antigen (Le(b)), was measured by means of atomic force microscopy. High-resolution measurements of rupture forces between single receptor-ligand pairs were performed between the purified BabA and immobilized Le(b) structures on self-assembled monolayers. Dynamic force spectroscopy revealed two similar but statistically different bond populations. These findings suggest that the BabA may form different adhesive attachments to the gastric mucosa in ways that enhance the efficiency and stability of bacterial adhesion. © 2014 The Author(s) Published by the Royal Society. All rights reserved.

  10. Role of NPR1 and KYP in long-lasting induced resistance by β-aminobutyric acid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Estrella eLuna

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Priming of defence increases the responsiveness of the plant immune system and can provide broad-spectrum protection against disease. Recent evidence suggests that priming of defence can be inherited epigenetically to following generations. However, the mechanisms of long-lasting defence priming within one generation remains poorly understood. Here, we have investigated the mechanistic basis of long-lasting induced resistance after treatment with ß-amino butyric acid (BABA, an agent that mimics biologically induced resistance phenomena. BABA-induced resistance is based on priming of salicylic acid (SA-dependent and SA–independent defences. BABA-induced resistance could be detected up to 28 days after treatment of wild-type Arabidopsis. This long-lasting component of the induced resistance response requires the regulatory protein NPR1 and is associated with priming of SA-inducible genes. In contrast, NPR1-independent resistance by BABA was transient and had disappeared by 14 days after treatment. Chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP assays revealed no increased acetylation of histone H3K9 at promoters regions of priming-responsive genes, indicating that this post-translational histone modification is not critical for long-term transcriptional priming. Interestingly, the kyp-6 mutant, which is affected in methyltransferase activity of H3K9, was blocked in long-lasting BABA-induced resistance, indicating a critical requirement of this post-translational histone modification in long-lasting BABA-IR. Considering that KYP suppresses gene transcription through methylation of H3K9 and CpHpG DNA methylation, we propose that KYP enables long-term defence gene priming by silencing suppressor genes of SA/NPR1-dependent genes.

  11. Comparison of Bilateral Axillo-Breast Approach Robotic Thyroidectomy with Open Thyroidectomy for Graves' Disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kwon, Hyungju; Yi, Jin Wook; Song, Ra-Yeong; Chai, Young Jun; Kim, Su-jin; Choi, June Young; Lee, Kyu Eun

    2016-03-01

    There is an ongoing debate about whether robotic thyroidectomy (RT) is appropriate for Graves' disease. The aim of this study was to compare the safety of bilateral axillo-breast approach (BABA) RT with that of open thyroidectomy (OT) in patients with Graves' disease. From January 2008 to June 2014, 189 (44 BABA RT and 145 OT) patients underwent total thyroidectomy for Graves' disease. Recurrence of Graves' disease, intraoperative blood loss, hospital stay, and complication rates including recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) palsy and hypoparathyroidism were analyzed between BABA RT and OT groups, after propensity score matching according to age, gender, body mass index, surgical indication, the extent of operation, excised thyroid weight, and follow-up period. No patient experienced recurrence of Graves' disease after median follow-up of 35.0 months. Intraoperative blood loss (151.8 ± 165.4 mL vs. 134.5 ± 75.4 mL; p = 0.534) and hospital stay (3.4 ± 0.7 day vs. 3.3 ± 0.7 day; p = 0.564) were not different between BABA RT and OT groups. Complication rates including transient RLN palsy (11.4 vs. 11.4%; p = 1.000), transient hypoparathyroidism (18.2 vs. 20.5%; p = 0.787), permanent RLN palsy (0 vs. 2.3%; p = 0.315), and permanent hypoparathyroidism (2.3 vs. 2.3%; p = 1.000) were also comparable between groups. BABA RT for Graves' disease showed comparable surgical completeness and complications to conventional OT. BABA RT can be recommended as an alternative surgical option for patients with Graves' disease who are concerned about cosmesis.

  12. New Records of Four Doridoidean Nudibranchs from Korea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daewui Jung

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Specimens of nudibranchs have been surveyed by scuba diving from 9 localities along the Korean coast. By examination of morphological characteristics, four species in the superfamily Doridoidea which are new to Korea were identified, and re-described: Thorunna florens (Baba, 1949, Diaulula sandiegensis (Cooper, 1863, Jorunna parva (Baba, 1938, and Doris odhneri (MacFarland, 1966. In addition, radulae of three species were observed and photographed by using scanning electron microscopy. As a result of the study, 16 species of doridoidean nudibranch are now known from Korean waters.

  13. Database Description - dbQSNP | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available a Y, Suzuki Y, Sugano S, Hayashi K Journal: Human Mutation 2005 Aug. 26(2) 69-77 External Links: Article tit... Y, Baba S, Hayashi K. Journal: Am J Hum Genet. 2001 Jan;68(1):214-8. External Links: Article title: Single-...iques. 2003 Apr;34(4):746-50. External Links: Article title: Software for machine-independent quantitative i... Higasa K, Kukita Y, Baba S, Hayashi K. Journal: Biotechniques. 2002 Dec;33(6):1342-8. External Links: Article...hi T. Journal: Rheumatology (Oxford). 2008 Feb;47(2):158-64 External Links: Article title: Estimation of SNP

  14. フィラデルフィアの馬場辰猪とキャムデンのホイットマン

    OpenAIRE

    田村, 晃康; Teruyasu, TAMURA; 文学部

    1982-01-01

    After the setback of the Civil Rights Movement, Tatsui Baba went over to the U.S. in 1885. In the U.S. he was mostly engaged in lecturing, first in California and later in New York and Philadelphia. Meanwhile he met and made friends with S. Burns Weston, the first president of the Philadelphia Ethical Society. Baba became a member of the Society, probably at his suggestion, and gained an acquaintance with Horace Traubel, the author of With Walt Whitman in Camden, who was one of the founders a...

  15. Browse Author Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z All. B. Baba, G.I. · Baba, Ibrahim I. Babando, A · Babatunde, O.A · Badr, AM · Badr, AMA · Bako, HY · Bala, AY · Bala, M.M · Balarabe, M.M. · Balogun, J.K · Banda, J.M. · Barbooti, M.M · Barilli, I · Bashir, SA · Bata, SI · Bechemagbor, A · Bibu, G.D · Bichi, T. S. · Bigwan, E

  16. O DESAFIO DO BABAÇU (ORBIGNYA SPECIOSA MART. EX SPRENG NO PIAUÍ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Joaquim da Silva

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available A situação pela qual passam as populações agroextrativistas babaçueiras no Estado do Piauí merece reflexão. A dinâmica econômica atribuída pela atividade produtiva do coco babaçu (Orbignya speciosa Mart. ex Spreng, recentemente denominado de Attalea speciosa Mart. ex Spreng à sociedade piauiense se enfatiza aos períodos pujantes da comercialização da amêndoa no mercado internacional. Em anos recentes, o desafio atribuído à cadeia produtiva do coco babaçu é superar o imobilismo das políticas públicas à atividade, principalmente nos espaços rurais. Nesse sentido, esta análise se funde sobre a realidade encontrada em 13 comunidades rurais do município de Miguel Alves (PI, a qual está alicerçada no modelo de observação não participante, cuja construção dos dados foi realizada a partir da aplicação de formulários e entrevistas semiestruturadas com 75 mulheres quebradeiras de coco, possibilitando levantar informações do perfil socioeconômico das famílias; o padrão tecnológico empregado no manejo e no processamento dos produtos gerados; a diversidade dos mercados de consumo; o manejo dos estoques naturais dos babaçuais; a participação das instituições sociais no sistema produtivo do babaçu; a importância cultural do babaçu nas comunidades e as condições geoambientais para a ocorrência do babaçu no município. Os resultados demonstram que os caminhos para a manutenção da atividade babaçueira no Estado partem da potencialização e irradiação de um integrado programa de desenvolvimento local sustentável nas comunidades.

  17. Information Manager (The)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The Adoption of Cloud Computing Technology for Library Services in the National Open University of Nigeria Library · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. Okwoli Mercy Enefu, Dr Ezra S Gbaje, Dr Baba S Aduku, 22-32 ...

  18. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 51 - 92 of 92 ... Vol 15, No 1-2 (2015), The Adoption of Cloud Computing Technology for Library Services in the National Open University of Nigeria Library, Abstract PDF. Okwoli Mercy Enefu, Dr Ezra S Gbaje, Dr Baba S Aduku. Vol 6, No 1 (2006), The application of Information and Communication Technology (I.C.T.) in ...

  19. Near-infrared spectral downshifting in Sr (3− x)(VO4) 2: xNd 3 ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    The crystalline silicon (c-Si) cell has maximum efficiency in NIR region of solar spectrum due to an energy band gap of 1.12 eV. ... Department of Physics, Sant Gadge Baba Amravati University, Amravati (MH) 444602, India; Department of Physics, Toshniwal Art, Commerce and Science College, Hingoli (MH) 431542, India ...

  20. DL-beta-aminobutyric acid-induced resistance of potato against Phytophthora infestans requires salicylic acid but not oxylipins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eschen-Lippold, Lennart; Altmann, Simone; Rosahl, Sabine

    2010-05-01

    Inducing systemic resistance responses in crop plants is a promising alternative way of disease management. To understand the underlying signaling events leading to induced resistance, functional analyses of plants defective in defined signaling pathway steps are required. We used potato, one of the economically most-important crop plants worldwide, to examine systemic resistance against the devastating late blight pathogen Phytophthora infestans, induced by treatment with dl-beta-aminobutyric acid (BABA). Transgenic plants impaired in either the 9-lipoxygenase pathway, which produces defense-related compounds, or the 13-lipoxygenase pathway, which generates jasmonic acid-derived signals, expressed wild-type levels of BABA-induced resistance. Plants incapable of accumulating salicylic acid (SA), on the other hand, failed to mount this type of induced resistance. Consistently, treatment of these plants with the SA analog 2,6-dichloroisonicotinic acid restored BABA-induced resistance. Together, these results demonstrate the indispensability of a functional SA pathway for systemic resistance in potato induced by BABA.

  1. Download this PDF file

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    of the vagina of dogs and cats (Baba et al.,. 1982; Clemetson and Ward 1990). Clemetson and Ward (1990), demonstrated various bacterial organisms within the normal genital tract of queens, which were considered to be the normal flora of the genital tract and these include both aerobic and anaerobic bacteria. As.

  2. aspects of yoruba lingual-cultural retentions in abimbola adelakun's ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Functional Linguistics, this paper elucidates the various Yoruba lingual- .... advertising poetry. Below, we explore the above-listed styles of nativisation of English deployed by Abimbola Adelakun in Under the Brown Rusted Roofs. 4.1. Lexical Transfer .... Baba, may you live long for us and may your elderly status never be.

  3. Author Details

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Baba, DA. Vol 6, No 3 (2013) - Articles Lifestyle, Fitness and Health Promotion Initiative of the University of Ilorin, Nigeria: An Educational Media Intervention Abstract PDF. ISSN: 1998-0507. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors · FAQ's · More about AJOL · AJOL's ...

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    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ibrahim, Salifu Baba. Vol 2, No 2 (2000) - Articles Modelling the Determinants of Private Investment in Ghana Abstract · AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors · FAQ's · More about AJOL · AJOL's Partners · Terms and Conditions of Use · Contact AJOL · News. OTHER ...

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    Baba-Kutigi, AN. Vol 3, No 2 (2010) - Articles Soil water balance approach in root zone of maize (95-TZEEY) using capacitance probe (Diviner 2000) in northen Guinea Savannah of Nigeria Abstract PDF. ISSN: 2006-6996. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors ...

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    Baba-Moussa, Farid. Vol 15, No 27 (2016) - Articles Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria: Beneficial effects for healthy and sustainable agriculture. Abstract PDF. ISSN: 1684-5315. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors · FAQ's · More about AJOL · AJOL's Partners ...

  7. Page 1 ii Contents Interaction of monsoon with northern hemisphere ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    The Purimetla gabbros, Prakasam District, Andhra Pradesh, India. J Ratnakar and C Leelanandam. Framboidal pyrite from Mussoorie phosphorite and its geological implication. S C Tripathi. A study of the monsoonal beach processes around Alleppey, Kerala. N P Kurian, T S Shahul Hameed and M Baba. Subject Index.

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    Sami'la, Baba Mohammed. Vol 15, No 1-2 (2015) - Articles Information generation, access and utilization by rural dwellers for sustainable community development in Kwara State, Nigeria Abstract PDF. ISSN: 1596-5414. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors ...

  9. umoh, ju' ; usman, m

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    1984; Gomwalk et. al., i985; Baba et al.,. 1995). The disease was also reported to be more common during the dry harmattan (November. March) (Sa'idu et al., 1994a; Halle et al., 1999;. Abdu et. al., 2005a ). Cold stress has been known to worsen the outcome of ND (Abdu et al., 1992). ND in Nigaria has age, and species.

  10. Synthesis, Anti-inflammatory and Anti-nociceptive Evaluation of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Synthesis, Anti-inflammatory and Anti-nociceptive Evaluation of Palmitoyl Benzamides. H Baba, CO Usifoh, PO Igbinaduwa. Abstract. Purpose: To synthesize and characterize palmitoyl amino benzamides, and to evaluate them for possible anti-inflammatory and anti-nociceptive activities. Methods: Palmitoyl amino ...

  11. Serum C-Reactive Protein in Nigerians With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Serum C-Reactive Protein in Nigerians With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. MM Baba, BA Kolawole, RT Ikem, FA Arogundade, H Yusuph, ID Gezawa. Abstract. Background: C-reactive protein is an acute-phase proteins, produce in the liver, its release is stimulated by cytokines (interleukin 6 and tumour necrosis factor alpha).

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    Yagana, Abba Baba. Vol 9, No 2 (2012) - Articles Antimicrobial properties of the leaf extract of Loranthus Bengwensis (specie of African Mistletoe) Abstract. ISSN: 1596-8499. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors · FAQ's · More about AJOL · AJOL's Partners · Terms ...

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    Baba, S S. Vol 23, No 3 (2005) - Articles Serological Evidence Of Rabies Virus Infection Of Slaughter Camels (Camelus Dromedarus) Imported To Nigeria Abstract · Vol 24, No 3 (2006) - Articles Food-Based Newcastle Disease V4 Vaccine In Guinea Fowl (Numida Meleagris Galeata Pallas) In Nigeria Abstract. ISSN: 0794- ...

  14. Surrogaatmoederskap

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    die "dramoeder" die funksie oorneem om die baba te dra en te baar. Vanweë al die regsaspekte by “n ooreenkoms is duidelike riglyne nodig om alle fasette van surrogasie te omvat. Alvorens die Wetsontwerp op Surro- gaatmoederskap bekyk word, word sekere begrippe en problematiek ron- dom surrogasie ontleed.

  15. Prune belly syndrome with pouch colon and absent dermatome ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Prune belly syndrome with pouch colon and absent dermatome. AA Baba, SA Hussain, AH Shera, R Patnaik. Abstract. Prune belly syndrome (PBS) is a rare congenital constellation of defects in pediatric surgical practice. Although anorectal anomalies have been reported in association with PBS, only few case of pouch ...

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    Camara, Baba Ansoumana. Vol 112 (2017) - Articles La régénération naturelle assistée : perceptions paysannes et effets agro-écologiques sur le rendement du mil (Pennisetum glaucum (L.) R. Br.) dans le bassin arachidier au Sénégal Abstract PDF. ISSN: 1997-5902. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL.

  17. Author Details

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    Baba, M.M.. Vol 3, No 1 (2015) - Original Article Predictive value of spot urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio for echocardiography-based left ventricular hypertrophy among newly diagnosed hypertensive patients. Abstract PDF. ISSN: 2467-8252. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for ...

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    Baba, Gnon. Vol 12, No 2 (1998) - Articles Ocinum canum sims - a lesser known source of volatile oil with terpineol - 4. Details PDF. ISSN: 1726-801X. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors · FAQ's · More about AJOL · AJOL's Partners · Terms and Conditions of Use ...

  19. Author Details

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    Baba, AA. Vol 7, No 1 (2010) - Articles Prune belly syndrome with pouch colon and absent dermatome. Abstract · Vol 7, No 2 (2010) - Articles Mechanical small bowel obstruction in children at a tertiary care centre in Kashmir Abstract · Vol 7, No 2 (2010) - Articles Undesended testis: How extensive should the work up be?

  20. Author Details

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    Aduku, Baba S. Vol 15, No 1-2 (2015) - Articles Influence of Mac Arthur Journal Donation Project on Serial Resources of Selected University Libraries in Nigeria Abstract PDF. ISSN: 1596-5422. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors · FAQ's · More about AJOL ...

  1. Author Details

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    Baba, MM. Vol 4, No 3 (2012) - Articles Relationship between C-Reactive Protein and Body Mass Index in Nigerians with Type II Diabetes Mellitus Abstract · Vol 4, No 3 (2012) - Articles Left Ventricular Function in Nigerians With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus With and Without Hypertension Abstract. ISSN: 2141-1123.

  2. Modelling the spread of HIV/AIDS epidemic in the presence of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Modelling the spread of HIV/AIDS epidemic in the presence of irresponsible infectives. Mohammed I. Daabo, Oluwole D. Makinde, Baba Seidu. Abstract. In this study, a non-linear mathematical model was proposed and analyzed to study the effect of irresponsible infectives in the spread of human immunodeficiency virus ...

  3. Demand of Fulani Pastoralists for veterinary services in North ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Demand of Fulani Pastoralists for veterinary services in North-western Nigeria. KM Baba, AO Ogungbile. Abstract. The demand of Fulani pastoralists for veterinary services was determined using data collected from 300 respondents in Sokoto and Zamfara States in north-western Nigeria. The interviewed pastoralists were ...

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    Baba-Moussa, Lamine. Vol 95 (2015) - Articles Évaluation de l'activité antimicrobienne de quatre feuilles utilisées comme emballages dans l'artisanat agroalimentaire au Bénin. Abstract PDF. ISSN: 1997-5902. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors · FAQ's · More ...

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    Baba, KM. Vol 4, No 2 (2006) - Articles Profitability of Snail Production in Osun State,Nigeria Abstract. ISSN: 1597-1074. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors · FAQ's · More about AJOL · AJOL's Partners · Terms and Conditions of Use · Contact AJOL · News.

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    Baba, H. Vol 8, No 4 (2011) - Articles Preliminary phytochemical screening and antimicrobial evaluation of three medicinal plants used in Nigeria Abstract PDF. ISSN: 0189-6016. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors · FAQ's · More about AJOL · AJOL's Partners ...

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    Ibrahim, Baba Usman. Vol 12, No 2 (2017) - Articles Length-weight relationship of Hepsetus odoe in Lapai - Agaie Reservoir, Niger State, Nigeria Abstract PDF. ISSN: 1597-6343. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors · FAQ's · More about AJOL · AJOL's Partners ...

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    Baba, A.Y.. Vol 38, No 2 (2017) - Articles Efficacy trial of three pour-on acaricides on external parasites of cattle in Zaria, Nigeria Abstract. ISSN: 1117-4145. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors · FAQ's · More about AJOL · AJOL's Partners · Terms and Conditions of ...

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    Baba, UA. Vol 13, No 4 (2013) - Articles The effects of maternal haemoglobin as an indicator of maternal nutritional status on, maternal measles antibodies of mother-infant pairs at birth. Abstract PDF. ISSN: 1680-6905. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors · FAQ's ...

  10. Some geochemical considerations in the petrogenesis of Madagali ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Some geochemical considerations in the petrogenesis of Madagali granitoids, northeastern Nigeria. S Baba. Abstract. Major and trace element geochemical data on granitoids of Madagali area of northeastern Nigeria show a series that ranges from K-calc-alkaline, through granodiorite-monzogranite to granite. They are ...

  11. Thermal and electrical properties of 60V2O5–5P2O5–(35− x) B2O3 ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. R V Barde1 S A Waghuley2. Department of Engineering Physics, H.V.P.M. College of Engineering & Technology, Amravati 444 605, India; Department of Physics, Sant Gadge Baba Amravati University, Amravati 444 602, India ...

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    Baba, Masanori. Vol 13, No 6 (2016) - Articles Selective inhibition of hepatitis C virus replication by alpha-zam, a Nigella sativa seed formulation. Abstract PDF. ISSN: 0189-6016. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors · FAQ's · More about AJOL · AJOL's Partners ...

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    Baba, MM. Vol 8, No 1 (2014) - Articles Bacterial Isolates Associated with Pelvic Inflammatory Disease among Female Patients Attending Some Hospitals in Abuja, Nigeria. Abstract PDF. ISSN: 2006-0165. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors · FAQ's · More about ...

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    Baba, M M. Vol 23, No 3 (2005) - Articles Serological Evidence Of Rabies Virus Infection Of Slaughter Camels (Camelus Dromedarus) Imported To Nigeria Abstract. ISSN: 0794-4845. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors · FAQ's · More about AJOL · AJOL's ...

  15. Author Details

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    Baba, A. Vol 12 (2007) - Articles Physico - Chemical Quality of Ground Water from Shallow Wells in Galambi and Environs, Bauchi State, Northern Nigeria Abstract PDF. ISSN: 1119-0221. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors. OTHER RESOURCES.

  16. THE AFRICAN COMPOSER AS A SOCIAL CRITIC Abstract Criticism ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    imitch

    hands of some prominent persons, with all these riches all our roads are full of water and potholes. Popular songs like 'Zombi' which became uncomplimentary to the politician, 'Yabees', 'Confusion', 'I no bi thief' by Fela Anikulakpo-Kuti, 'Baba na wa', Akpanigogo' by Joseph Osayomore of Edo State; Mr. President by.

  17. Microwave-assisted synthesis and photoluminescence properties of ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. D N GAME1 C B PALAN2 N B INGALE3 S K OMANWAR2. Cusrow Wadia Institute of Technology, Pune, India; Department of Physics, Sant Gadge Baba Amravati University, Amravati, India; Prof. Ram Meghe Institute of Technology and Research, Badnera, Amravati, India ...

  18. Journal of Applied Biosciences - Vol 88 (2015)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Detection of proteins induced in the haemolymph of Biomphalaria pfeifferi infected with Schistosoma mansoni · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD ... C N'tcha, AD Adéyèmi, APP Kayodé, G Vieira-Dalodé, BP Agbobatinkpo, JTC Codjia, L Baba-Moussa, 8223– 8234.

  19. S¯adhan¯a Vol. 35, 2010 Author Index

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    A generalized relationship for swirl decay in laminar pipe flow. 129. Baba A F see Safak C. 75. Babu B R see Kumar V V. 419. Bandyopadhyay A see Datta S. 619. Barari A. Analysis of highly nonlinear oscillation systems ... Bozdogan K B. An approximate method for lateral stability analysis of wall-frame buildings including.

  20. Electrical equivalent model of intermediate band solar cell using ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Department of Electronics, University of Kasdi Merbah Ouargla, Ouargla 30000, Algeria; Advanced Electronics Laboratory, University of Batna, Batna 05000, Algeria; Department of Electronics, University of HL El Oued, El oued 39000, Algeria; Centre de développement des technologies avancées CDTA, Baba Hassen ...

  1. Counter Weapon Control

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-03-26

    Laws”. Journal of Guidance, Control, and Dynamics, 4(2):109–115, 1981. 2. Baba, Yoriaki, Makoto Yamaguchi, and Robert M Howe. “Generalized Guid- ance...Line-of-Sight Intercept Guidance for Aircraft Defense”. Journal of Guidance, Control, and Dynamics, 36(3):898–902, 2013. 22. Yuan, Luke Chia -Liu

  2. ISSN 2073-9990 East Cent. Afr. J. surg

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hp 630 Dual Core

    Afr. J. surg. COSECSA/ASEA Publication - East and Central African Journal of Surgery. December 2016; Vol. 21 No. 3. The Surgical Management of Primary Hyperparathyroidism: The Experience in Tikur nbessa. Specialized Tertiary Referral and Teaching Hospital, ddis baba, Ethiopia. Sahilu Wondimu1, Berhanu Nega2.

  3. Information Manager (The) - Vol 15, No 1-2 (2015)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The Adoption of Cloud Computing Technology for Library Services in the National Open University of Nigeria Library · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. Okwoli Mercy Enefu, Dr Ezra S Gbaje, Dr Baba S Aduku, 22-32 ...

  4. Author Details

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Baba, MM. Vol 5, No 1 (2015) - Articles Strategies for Fostering the Efficacy of School-Based Management Committee Practice for Quality Education Delivery and Development in Bauchi State: Implications for Counselling Abstract. ISSN: 1119-9210. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for ...

  5. Journal of Educational Foundations - Vol 5, No 1 (2015)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Strategies for Fostering the Efficacy of School-Based Management Committee Practice for Quality Education Delivery and Development in Bauchi State: Implications for Counselling · EMAIL FULL TEXT EMAIL FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. MM Baba, Mukhtar Usman, 177-186 ...

  6. Predictive value of spot urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio for ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ABEOLUGBENGAS

    based left ventricular hypertrophy among newly diagnosed hypertensive patients. 1. 2. 1. 3. 4. 1. 1. *Talle M. A , Okeahialam B N , Bakki B , Gezawa I. D , Baba M.M , Buba F , and Anjorin C. Original Article. ABSTRACT. Objective: Studies have ...

  7. IDRC-supported documentary A Walnut Tree wins awards at ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2016-06-30

    Jun 30, 2016 ... A Walnut Tree follows the lives of Baba, an elderly poet and former teacher, and his family, who were forced to flee their home because of the ongoing conflict between the Pakistani army and the Taliban. The internally displaced family live in a makeshift shelter in the Jalozai settlement near Peshawar in ...

  8. Nigerian Journal of Clinical Medicine - Vol 4, No 3 (2012)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Relationship between C-Reactive Protein and Body Mass Index in Nigerians with Type II Diabetes Mellitus · EMAIL FULL TEXT EMAIL FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. MM Baba, MO Balogun, BA Kolawole, RT Ikem, FA Arogundade, RA Adebayo. http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/njcm.v4i3.3 ...

  9. MORPHOPHONOLOGICAL PROCESSES OF THE C'LELA NOUN

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    M A ALIERO

    Metathesis is a Greek term for 'transposition', which refers to re-arranging or re- ordering of segments, mainly of sounds or syllables in a word. Sometimes it involves re-ordering of ..... Word Formation in Generative Grammar. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Baba, Ahmad Tela 1998. The Morphophonological Alternations in the ...

  10. AFRREV LALIGENS: An International Journal of Language ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    An Investigation of the Pragmatic Deviance of Metaphor in Shoneyin's The Secret Lives of Baba Segi's Wives · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL ... Newspaper Coverage of Nigeria Police Activities: A Content Analysis · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD ...

  11. Technical specifications on the welding in fuel reprocessing plants

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Karino, Motonobu; Uryu, Mitsuru; Matsui, N.; Nakazawa, Fumio; Imanishi, Makoto; Koizumi; Kazuhiko; Sugawara, Junichi; Tanaka, Hideo

    1999-04-01

    The past specifications SGN of the welding in JNC was reexamined for the reprocessing plants in order to further promote the quality control. The specification first concerns the quality of raw materials, items of the quality tests, material management, and qualification standards of the welders. It extends over details of the welding techniques, welding design, welding testings, inspection and the judgment standards. (H. Baba)

  12. Page 1 686 Pran Kishan connected to the existence of a critical ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Several series of lithium ferrites have appeared in the international market. It has been possible to prepare materials of wide ranging properties by introducing metalions like Ti, Zn, Mn, Co, Nietcin Li-ferrite compositions (Baba et al 1972). Each type of ion and its quantity as a substituent in the molecular formula unit of lithium ...

  13. Systemic Analysis of Sudden Natural Deaths at Braithwaite ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Alasia Datonye

    30 Sempos C, Cooper R, Kover MG, McMillen M. Divergence of the recent trends in coronary mortality for the four major race- sex groups in the United States. Am J Public Health. 1988; 78:1422-1427. 31 Murai T, Baba M, Ro A, Murai N, Matsuo Y, Takada A,. Saito K. Sudden death due to cardiovascular disorders: a review ...

  14. Caractérisation des rhizobactéries potentiellement promotrices de la ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Caractérisation des rhizobactéries potentiellement promotrices de la croissance végétative du maïs dans différents agrosystèmes du Sud-Bénin. A Adjanohoun, L Baba-MouSSA, RG Kakai, M Allagbe, B Yehouenou, H Gotoechanhodonou, R Sikirou, P Sessou, DCK Sohounhloue ...

  15. some geochemical considerations in the petrogenesis of madagali ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DJFLEX

    Q-A-P Streckeisen diagram, Baba et al (2006) showed. Madagali granitoids as quartz monzonite-granite. GEOCHEMISTRY. Analytical Methods: 15 representative samples of the granitoids were separately crushed and pulverized to about 106 microns. Each sample was then homogenized and later quartered and sent for ...

  16. original article the influence of gestational age on the loss of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    boaz

    COPYRIGHT 2012 http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ajcem.v13i3.5. AFR. J. CLN. ... Correspondence: Baba Usman Ahmadu, Department of Paediatrics, Federal Medical Centre, Yola, Adamawa State, Nigeria. ... Objective: To determine the influence of GA on the loss of MMA in newborn infants in North-Eastern Nigeria. Method: A ...

  17. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    26 nov. 2015 ... 1Service de Chirurgie Viscérale, Hôpital Militaire d'Instruction Mohammed V, Rabat, Maroc, 2Service d'Anatomie Pathologique, Hôpital Militaire d'Instruction Mohammed V, Rabat, Maroc. &Corresponding author: Hicham Baba, Service de Chirurgie Viscérale, Hôpital Militaire d'Instruction Mohammed V, ...

  18. 818-IJBCS-Article-Ademola Yakub

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DR GATSING

    Palaeontologia Electronica, 4(1): 9. Nwankwo DI. 1998. The influence of sawmill wood wastes on diatom population at. Oko-baba, Lagos, Nigeria. Nigerian. Journal of Botany, 11: 15 – 24. Nwankwo DI, Akinsoji A. 1992. Epiphyte community on water hyacinth Eichhornia crassipes in coastal waters of southwestern Nigeria.

  19. Synthesis and luminescence properties of Tb 3-doped LiMgPO4 ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    C B PALAN1 N S BAJAJ2 A SONI3 S K OMANWAR1. Department of Physics, Sant Gadge Baba Amravati University, Amravati 444602, India; Department of Physics, Toshniwal ACS College, Sengaon, Hingoli 431 542, India; Radiological Physics and Advisory Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai 400094, ...

  20. Effect of filler addition on the compressive and impact properties of ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Compressive strength of the material is found to decrease, whereas steep increase in impact strength is observed by introduction of very small quantity of fillers. ... Department of Mechanical Engineering, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA 70803, USA; Baba Banda Singh Engineering College, Fateh Garh Saheb, ...

  1. Group Psychological Therapy in Obstetric Fistula Care: A ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    AJRH Managing Editor

    Group psychotherapy in Obstetric fistula care. African Journal of Reproductive Health March 2014; 18(1): 156. ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE. Group Psychological Therapy in Obstetric Fistula Care: A. Complementary Recipe for the Accompanying Mental Ill Health. Morbidities? Oladosu A Ojengbede. 1. , Yvonne Baba. 2.

  2. Festivalipäevik Kanutist II / Anu Allas, Margit Tõnson, Margaret Tali

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Allas, Anu, 1977-

    2005-01-01

    Tallinnas Kanuti Gildi saalis kestab 2.-24. novembrini 2005 a. "Continental Breakfast" Tallinn ehk rahvusvaheline NU Performance festival. 9. novembril esineb BabaLAN (Vlado Gotvan Repnik, Sloveenia ) multimeedia-performance'iga. Eva Meyer Kelleri performance "Surm on kindel" (esitaja Irina Müller)

  3. Kanuti gildi saalis toimub kuni 24. XI festival "Continental Breakfast Tallinn"

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Korraldajad: Anders Härm, Priit Raud. 4. XI Tellervo Kalleineni (Soome) performance "Lase mind/Let me". 5. XI Saralundeni (Sara Lunden, Rootsi) muusikaline performance "Sweet Beat Tour". 8. ja 9. XI esineb babaLAN (Vlado Gotvan Repnik, Sloveenia) multimeedia-performance'iga

  4. Wakeup ity Press xpression. 1990. 145 THE DIRECTOR

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    times Directing, Special Author: J M Synge and Wole Soyinka,. Theatre Arts Theory and Criticism, and another course focusing on the Anglo-Irish Drama of the 19th Century and Modern Nigerian. Theatre. The late night notwithstanding, Baba will arrive in the class on time, and you wouldn't dare stutter while teaching.

  5. Explaining inter-ethnic harmony in Enugu city, South-eastern ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    which a Hausa man (a settler) killed an Igbo man (an indigene) at the 'Artisan. Market' in late 2003. As one ... and the social networks of the ethnic associations, whose members were affected. (Baba Ali; Haruna Sule; .... businesses that were not often the regular pre-occupation of the Igbo in the city. These conditions made ...

  6. Bilateral herpes zoster in a patient with end-stage kidney disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akimoto T

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Tetsu Akimoto, Shigeaki Muto, Daisuke Nagata Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Jichi Medical University, Shimotsuke-Shi, Tochigi, Japan Abstract: Herpes zoster (HZ is caused by the reactivation of a latent varicella-zoster virus (VZV infection within the cranial or dorsal root ganglia. The cutaneous lesions of HZ are typically limited to a single dermatome, while non-contiguous HZ involving two or more dermatomes is a very rare clinical entity. In this report, we describe a case of HZ involving the left and right side of the abdomen corresponding to the T11 dermatome in a 63-year-old man on chronic peritoneal dialysis. The characteristic cutaneous manifestation encouraged us to ascribe the disease to HZ duplex bilateralis, and the patient was given a single dose of oral valacyclovir and achieved a favorable outcome. The therapeutic concerns regarding the reactivation of VZV in patients with end-stage kidney disease are also discussed. Keywords: herpes zoster duplex bilateralis, end-stage kidney disease, peritoneal dialysis, valacyclovir, dermatome

  7. A case of traumatic intracranial vertebral artery injury presenting with life-threatening symptoms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kishi S

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Seiji Kishi1, Kenji Kanaji2, Toshio Doi1, Tadashi Matsumura21Department of Nephrology, Tokushima University Hospital, Kuramoto-cho Tokushima, 2Department of General Internal Medicine, Rakuwakai Otowa Hospital, Otowachinji-cho Yamashina-ku Kyoto, JapanAbstract: Traumatic intracranial vertebral artery injury is a relatively rare but potentially fatal disease. We present a case of a 63-year-old man who presented with sudden onset of loss of consciousness after hitting his head. After immediate resuscitation, he showed quadriplegia and absence of spontaneous breathing. Brain and cervical spine magnetic resonance imaging revealed an atlantoaxial subluxation, fractured C2 odontoid process, left vertebral artery occlusion, and bilateral extensive ischemia in the medulla oblongata and high cervical spinal cord. Digital subtraction angiography demonstrated left vertebral artery dissection just below the level of vertebral body C2.Keywords: vertebral artery dissection, brainstem infarction, bilateral spinal cord infarction, neck trauma

  8. Mothers’ access to supportive hospital services after the loss of a baby through stillbirth or neonatal death

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J Conry

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available Every year, 3-5% of pregnant mothers in South Africa lose their babies to a stillbirth or neonatal death. These mothers need adequate services to prevent complications in their grieving process. Most of these babies are lost in hospital settings, so the treatment medical staff provide is vital. This study examined mothers’ experiences of accessing hospital, religious, formal and social services after a stillbirth or neonatal death. An exploratory research design was used to conduct applied research. A semi-structured interview schedule was used with a sample of 15 mothers who had lost a baby in the last 5 years. The findings were analysed quantitatively and qualitatively. The primary focus of this article is the quantitative findings relating to hospital services. The sample was small and these results cannot be generalised, but some conclusions are reached and recommendations are made to service providers in hospitals working with mothers who have lost babies. Mothers generally experienced the support services from hospitals as inadequate, compared to what hospitals could offer. Mothers that receive support after the loss of a baby generally cope better. This support thus assists them in the grieving process. Hospital staff can be trained to provide these services. Opsomming In Suid-Afrika verloor 3-5% swanger moeders hulle babas deur stilgeboorte of neonatale dood. Hierdie moeders benodig voldoende dienste om komplikasies in die rouproses te verhoed. Die behandeling deur mediese personeel is uiters belangrik omdat die meeste van dié babas in ‘n hospitaalopset sterf. Hierdie studie het moeders se ervarings van die toeganklikheid van hospitaal-, godsdienstige, formele en sosiale dienste na die dood van hulle babas deur stilgeboorte of neonatale dood ondersoek. Toegepaste navorsing is met behulp van ‘n verkennende navorsingsontwerp gedoen. ‘n Semi-gestruktureerde onderhoudskedule is gebruik met ‘n steekproef van 15 moeders wat

  9. USE OF BABAÇU FLOUR WITH ALTERNATIVE EXTENDER FOR PLYWOOD MANUFACTURING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Érika da Silva Ferreira

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available This work aims at evaluating the potentiality of babaçu flour under differents percents (0%, 50%, 75%, and 100% as alternative extensers to wheatmeal for plywood manufacturing. Third three panels with five veneers were produced using Araucaria angustifolia (Bert. Ktze, with urea-formaldehyde – UF and phenol-formaldehyde – FF resins and being three panels per treatment. The following formulations (in parts per wheight were used: UF resin – 100 x extender – 50 x water – 50 x catalyst – 7 and FF resin – 100 x extender – 18 x water – 22. The results of both glue line shear strength obtained for plywood manufactured with urea-formaldehyde and phenol-formaldehyde resins showed the feasibility of the use of babaçu flour as the extender in parcial or total substitution of wheat flour in the plywood manufactures.

  10. UTILIZAÇÃO DA FARINHA DE BABAÇU COMO EXTENSOR ALTERNATIVO NA PRODUÇÃO DE PAINÉIS COMPENSADOS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Érika da Silva Ferreira

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available This work aims at evaluating the potentiality of babaçu flour under differents percents (0%, 50%, 75%, and 100% as alternative extensers to wheatmeal for plywood manufacturing. Third three panels with five veneers were produced using Araucaria angustifolia (Bert. Ktze, with urea-formaldehyde - UF and phenol-formaldehyde - FF resins and being three panels per treatment. The following formulations (in parts per wheight were used: UF resin - 100 x extender - 50 x water - 50 x catalyst - 7 and FF resin - 100 x extender - 18 x water - 22. The results of both glue line shear strength obtained for plywood manufactured with urea-formaldehyde and phenol-formaldehyde resins showed the feasibility of the use of babaçu flour as the extender in parcial or total substitution of wheat flour in the plywood manufactures.

  11. Cartooning Humor: How Arabs are Laughably Derided in Animations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamed Belamghari

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Some animated movies use humor to capture the full attention of its audience. In so doing, the movie’s messages have become a great concern for many theorists and critics by virtue of the idea that a movie can be a repository of ideologies meant to construct a certain type of easy-going and noncritical audience. This paper, therefore, takes the example of Max Fleischer’s Popeye the Sailor Meets Ali Baba and his Forty Thieves (1937 and Robert Clampett’s Ali Baba Bound (1941 as its case studies aiming at spotting the different manifestations of humor, taking Arabs as its subject-matter, becoming a leaked ideology and taming the discourse that is amplified, manipulated, and delivered to the Western public in unwarrantable ways compared to the imagery of Westerners.

  12. Use of some chemical inducers to improve wheat resistance to Puccinia striiformis f. Sp. Tritici

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Al-Maaroof Emad

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The effect of DL-β-aminobutyric acid (BABA, benzothiadiazole (BTH, indoleacetic acid (IAA and salicylic acid (SA on induced systemic resistance was investigated in moderately susceptible and susceptible wheat genotypes Tamuz-2 and AL-8/70 against Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici. Resistance was characterized by reduced infection of yellow rust disease (Yrd. Changes in peroxidase, phenylalanine ammonia-lyase activities and in total phenolic compound content demonstrated that the resistance to Puccinia striiformis can be induced by BABA, BTH, IAA and SA in these two wheat genotypes. Further studies are needed before a practical method using many analogue compounds, such as potassium phosphate and biotic agent for Yrd resistance in wheat is developed.

  13. European Science Notes Information Bulletin Reports on Current European/ Middle Eastern Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-12-01

    Paris, 33 1 434264029 Deep Sea Electrometer and VCTD- YOYO (BABAS) France; with C. Provost, Paris, France; E. Accerboni, Trieste; 0. Ulinas, Las Palmas...English Stonesanalysis of ERS data (from Landsat and Earth Severn tidal barrage scheme, and the geological mapping Observation Test System pSPOTi) for...swell from different directions. This institutes (Danish Hydraulic Institute, Horshoim, capability also permits testing theories of noncollinear Denmark

  14. International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences - Vol 6 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Effets des composts à base de déchets d'agrumes et du tourteau de karité sur la disponibilité du phosphore du sol: Une étude en conditions contrôlées · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. S Tchegueni, KA Kili, M Bodjona, M Koriko, M Hafidi, G Baba, ...

  15. Reported school experiences of young people living with sickle cell disorder in England.

    OpenAIRE

    Dyson, Simon; Abuateya, Hala; Atkin, Karl; Culley, Lorraine; Dyson, Sue; Rowley, David T.

    2010-01-01

    We are grateful to all the young people and their families for their time in replying to the survey. We would like to acknowledge the work of the Sickle Cell and Education group (SCED) in helping with the survey, including David Rees, Moira Dick, Susan Height, Sandra O’Driscoll, Shirley Samuel, Baba Inusa, Jo Howard, Helen Appleby, Neil Westerdale, Lola Oni, Elizabeth Okuyiga, Vesna Graham, Beatrice Barbola, Gavin Cho, Michele Afif, Lurieteen Miller, Susan Crawford, Maureen Williams, Janet L...

  16. Disclosure and sickle cell disorder: a mixed methods study of the young person with sickle cell at school.

    OpenAIRE

    Dyson, Simon; Atkin, Karl; Culley, Lorraine; Dyson, Sue; Evans, Hala; Rowley, David T.

    2010-01-01

    We are grateful to all the young people and their families for their time in replying to the questionnaires and the interviews. We would like to acknowledge the work of the Sickle Cell and Education group (SCED) in helping with the survey, including David Rees, Moira Dick, Susan Height, Sandra O’Driscoll, Shirley Samuel, Baba Inusa, Jo Howard, Helen Appleby, Neil Westerdale, Lola Oni, Elizabeth Okuyiga, Vesna Graham, Beatrice Barbola, Gavin Cho, Michele Afif, Lurieteen Miller, Susan Crawford...

  17. Konjenital Sifilis: Olgu Sunumu

    OpenAIRE

    Taştan, Yücel; Nasıroğlu, Ömer; Çam, Halit; Akgün, Gülçin; Demirli, Nilgün; İlter, Özdemir

    2014-01-01

    Konjenital sifilis saptanan ve merkezi sinir sistemi tutulumu olan 12 saatlik erkek yenidoğan sunulmuştur Hastanın anne ve babasının ikinci dönem sifilis oldukları belirlenmiştir Amacımız konjenital sifilisi hatırlatmak ve korunmanın önemini vurgulamaktır Anahtar kelimeler: Sifilis Yenidoğan Nörosifilis

  18. Helicobacter pylori bab characterization in clinical isolates from Bhutan, Myanmar, Nepal and Bangladesh.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ansari, Shamshul; Kabamba, Evariste Tshibangu; Shrestha, Pradeep Krishna; Aftab, Hafeza; Myint, Thein; Tshering, Lotay; Sharma, Rabi Prakash; Ni, Nwe; Aye, Than Than; Subsomwong, Phawinee; Uchida, Tomohisa; Ratanachu-Ek, Thawee; Vilaichone, Ratha-Korn; Mahachai, Varocha; Matsumoto, Takashi; Akada, Junko; Yamaoka, Yoshio

    2017-01-01

    Helicobacter pylori BabA is an important outer membrane protein that involves in the attachment to the gastric mucosa and enhances the virulence property of the bacterium. This study was aimed to characterize the bab genotypes, to evaluate its association with cagA, vacA and clinical diseases as well as degree of gastric inflammation. H. pylori isolates from four countries were subjected for the characterization of bab. The locus specific forward and bab specific reverse primers were used to get the specific products by PCR, which could distinguish the three locus (A, B and C). The histological activities were evaluated according to the Updated Sydney system. In patients from high risk countries (Bhutan and Myanmar) relatively higher frequencies of strains with babA-positivity (91.8% and 90.7%, respectively), babA at locus A (98% and 91.2%, respectively) and with single babA (96.8% and 91.2%, respectively) were found. Strains with two loci occupied were the most prevalent in Bhutan (84.6%), Myanmar (74.7%), Nepal (58.3%) and Bangladesh (56.9%). The genotype babA at locus A/babB at locus B/bab-negative at locus C (babA/babB/-) was the most common genotype isolated from Bhutan (82.7%), Myanmar (58.7%), Nepal (32%) and Bangladesh (31.4%) among all genotypes assessed. This genotype was also associated with the peptic ulcer disease (P = 0.013) when compared to gastritis. babA-positive characteristics and the genotype babA/babB/- exhibited the enhanced histological activities. The higher prevalence of virulence associated babA-positive characteristics and enhanced histological activities in Bhutan than in Myanmar, Nepal and Bangladesh might partly explain why the peoples in Bhutan are at higher risk for developing severe gastric complications.

  19. Author Details

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Baba-Moussa, L. Vol 8, No 2 (2006): Serie A - Articles Etude des possibilites de contamination des aliments de rues au Benin : Cas de la ville de Cotonou Abstract · Vol 18, No 4 (2016): Series B, D, E - Articles Mutations conférant la résistance aux antipaludiques chez les enfants en crise du paludisme au Benin: implication ...

  20. Author Details

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Baba, SOY. Vol 2, No 2 (2012) - Articles Re-interpreting the ΥΔΩρ ΖΔΩρ (“Living Water”) metaphor in John 4 & 7 in the context of the south western Yoruba in Nigeria Abstract PDF. ISSN: 2141-7040. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors · FAQ's · More about AJOL ...

  1. Browse Author Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 1 - 22 of 22 ... A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z All. B. Baba, U · BABAMALE, Olarewaju Abdulkareem · Babawale, OI · Babri, Shirin · BAKRE, Sena · Bamisile, Stephen Tolu · Banke, R O · BARJE, Peter Pano · Barje, PP · Basirat, Elaheh · Bawa, Gideon Shaibu · Bello, M · Bello, Muinat Moninuola

  2. Characterization of β-amino- and γ-amino butyric acid-induced citrus seeds germination under salinity using nanoLC-MS/MS analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ziogas, Vasileios; Tanou, Georgia; Belghazi, Maya; Diamantidis, Grigorios; Molassiotis, Athanassios

    2017-05-01

    BABA or GABA induces salinity acclimation during citrus seeds germination via alternation of specific proteins (e.g., citrin). The impact of four elicitors, namely hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), β-amino butyric acid (BABA), γ-amino butyric acid (GABA) and hydrogen sulfide (H2S) donor, sodium hydrosulfide (NaHS), in citrus seed germination under salinity (150 mM NaCl) was tested. The germination potential was adversely affected by NaCl-alone treatment. Pretreatment with H2O2 or the NaHS-H2S donor prior to salinity had no significant effect in germination process, however, BABA and GABA substantially improved seed acclimation to salinity, as evidenced by increased germination percentage and radicle length. Total soluble proteins of radicle and cotyledons were separated by 1DE SDS-PAGE and proteins zones were analyzed by mass spectrometry. In total, 27 and 3 proteins were identified in radicle and cotyledons, respectively. The identified proteins mainly include redox-regulated enzymes (i.e., glutathione S-transferase, dehydroascorbate reductase, Mn-superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase), energy-related proteins (i.e., isocitrate lyase, malate synthase, pyruvate decarboxylase), stress proteins (i.e., stress-related protein, miraculin, thaumatin, disulfide isomerase), storage proteins (i.e., vicilin, Pis v 1 allergen 2S albumin) and transcriptional regulators (i.e., MarR family transcriptional regulator, MADS544 protein). Pretreatments with BABA or GABA altered the accumulation of protein zones exclusively corresponding to citrin, indicating that this protein may serve as a marker for salinity acclimation in citrus seeds.

  3. Pramana – Journal of Physics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Multiplicity distributions and charged-neutral fluctuations. Tapan K Nayak M M Aggarwal A Agnihotri Z Ahammed A L S Angelis V Antonenko V Arefiev V Astakhov V Avdeitchikov T C Awes P V K S Baba S K Badyal A Baldine L Barabach C Barlag S Bathe B Tatiounia T Bernier K B Bhalla V S Bhatia C Blume R Bock E-M ...

  4. Pramana – Journal of Physics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Tapan K Nayak M M Aggarwal A Agnihotri Z Ahammed A L S Angelis V Antonenko V Arefiev V Astakhov V Avdeitchikov T C Awes P V K S Baba S K Badyal A Baldine L Barabach C Barlag S Bathe B Tatiounia T Bernier K B Bhalla V S Bhatia C Blume R Bock E-M Bohne D Bucher A Buijs E-J Buis H Büsching L Carlen V ...

  5. Helicobacter pylori bab characterization in clinical isolates from Bhutan, Myanmar, Nepal and Bangladesh.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shamshul Ansari

    Full Text Available Helicobacter pylori BabA is an important outer membrane protein that involves in the attachment to the gastric mucosa and enhances the virulence property of the bacterium. This study was aimed to characterize the bab genotypes, to evaluate its association with cagA, vacA and clinical diseases as well as degree of gastric inflammation.H. pylori isolates from four countries were subjected for the characterization of bab. The locus specific forward and bab specific reverse primers were used to get the specific products by PCR, which could distinguish the three locus (A, B and C. The histological activities were evaluated according to the Updated Sydney system.In patients from high risk countries (Bhutan and Myanmar relatively higher frequencies of strains with babA-positivity (91.8% and 90.7%, respectively, babA at locus A (98% and 91.2%, respectively and with single babA (96.8% and 91.2%, respectively were found. Strains with two loci occupied were the most prevalent in Bhutan (84.6%, Myanmar (74.7%, Nepal (58.3% and Bangladesh (56.9%. The genotype babA at locus A/babB at locus B/bab-negative at locus C (babA/babB/- was the most common genotype isolated from Bhutan (82.7%, Myanmar (58.7%, Nepal (32% and Bangladesh (31.4% among all genotypes assessed. This genotype was also associated with the peptic ulcer disease (P = 0.013 when compared to gastritis. babA-positive characteristics and the genotype babA/babB/- exhibited the enhanced histological activities.The higher prevalence of virulence associated babA-positive characteristics and enhanced histological activities in Bhutan than in Myanmar, Nepal and Bangladesh might partly explain why the peoples in Bhutan are at higher risk for developing severe gastric complications.

  6. Laser Hazards Bibliography - November 1980.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-11-01

    July 1968). 111. Paul, J. S., et al., Laser-induced changes in DNA synthesis and embryonic development in sea urchins , Exp Cell Res, 60: 166-174 (May...11. BIOEFFECTS-GENERAL. 1. Baba, K., Selective injury of mitochondria with janus green B and ruby laser light - enzyme morphological and... morphological changes of tissues of the ear concha of a rabbit under the effect of laser rays, Vestn Dermatol Venerol, 0(6): 43-46 (June 1974

  7. Antiadhesive Properties of Arabinogalactan Protein from Ribes nigrum Seeds against Bacterial Adhesion of Helicobacter pylori

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jutta Messing

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Fruit extracts from black currants (Ribes nigrum L. are traditionally used for treatment of gastritis based on seed polysaccharides that inhibit the adhesion of Helicobacter pylori to stomach cells. For detailed investigations an arabinogalactan protein (F2 was isolated from seeds and characterized concerning molecular weight, carbohydrate, amino acid composition, linkage, configuration and reaction with β-glucosyl Yariv. Functional testing of F2 was performed by semiquantitative in situ adhesion assay on sections of human gastric mucosa and by quantitative in vitro adhesion assay with FITC-labled H. pylori strain J99 and human stomach AGS cells. Bacterial adhesins affected were identified by overlay assay with immobilized ligands. 125I-radiolabeled F2 served for binding studies to H. pylori and interaction experiments with BabA and SabA. F2 had no cytotoxic effects against H. pylori and AGS cells; but inhibited bacterial binding to human gastric cells. F2 inhibited the binding of BabA and fibronectin-binding adhesin to its specific ligands. Radiolabeled F2 bound non-specifically to different strains of H. pylori; and to BabA deficient mutant. F2 did not lead to subsequent feedback regulation or increased expression of adhesins or virulence factors. From these data the non-specific interactions between F2 and the H. pylori lead to moderate antiadhesive effects.

  8. Helicobacter pylori and Its Virulence Factors' Effect on Serum Oxidative DNA Damages in Adults With Dyspepsia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heshmat Shahi

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Helicobacter Pylori infection is a common gastrointestinal infection that can cause pathological effects, increase oxidative stress and induce an inflammatory response in gastric mucosa. Inflammatory aspects may prompt the production of radical oxygen substance (ROS which may damage cells and release 8-hydroxydyoxyguanosine (8-OHdG to serum. In this study, we evaluate the prevalence of H. pylori virulence factors and the association between serum level of 8-OHdG, H. pylori infection, and its various virulence factors. The presence of H. pylori and prevalence of cagA, babA and oipA genes in samples were determined by rapid urease test (RUT, histopathological exam (HE and polymerase chain reaction (PCR and oxidative DNA damage situation were assessed by using serum level of 8-OHdG. There was not any direct relation between H. pylori negative and H. pylori oipA+specimens by 8-OHdG serum level (P>0.05. In all clinical observations, the presence of cagA and oipA genes was common. There was a statistical relationship between the presence of cagA, babA factors, and high serum level of 8-OHdG (P<0.05. The presence of cagA and babA virulence factors may be associated with increased serum 8-OHdG in dyspeptic patients and may induce the damage to gastric cells.

  9. Helicobacter pylori and Its Virulence Factors' Effect on Serum Oxidative DNA Damages in Adults With Dyspepsia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shahi, Heshmat; Bahreiny, Rasoul; Reiisi, Somayeh

    2016-11-01

    Helicobacter Pylori infection is a common gastrointestinal infection that can cause pathological effects, increase oxidative stress and induce an inflammatory response in gastric mucosa. Inflammatory aspects may prompt the production of radical oxygen substance (ROS) which may damage cells and release 8-hydroxydyoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) to serum. In this study, we evaluate the prevalence of H. pylori virulence factors and the association between serum level of 8-OHdG, H. pylori infection, and its various virulence factors. The presence of H. pylori and prevalence of cagA, babA and oipA genes in samples were determined by rapid urease test (RUT), histopathological exam (HE) and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and oxidative DNA damage situation were assessed by using serum level of 8-OHdG. There was not any direct relation between H. pylori negative and H. pylori oipA+specimens by 8-OHdG serum level (P>0.05). In all clinical observations, the presence of cagA and oipA genes was common. There was a statistical relationship between the presence of cagA, babA factors, and high serum level of 8-OHdG (P<0.05). The presence of cagA and babA virulence factors may be associated with increased serum 8-OHdG in dyspeptic patients and may induce the damage to gastric cells.

  10. Antiadhesive properties of arabinogalactan protein from ribes nigrum seeds against bacterial adhesion of Helicobacter pylori.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Messing, Jutta; Niehues, Michael; Shevtsova, Anna; Borén, Thomas; Hensel, Andreas

    2014-03-24

    Fruit extracts from black currants (Ribes nigrum L.) are traditionally used for treatment of gastritis based on seed polysaccharides that inhibit the adhesion of Helicobacter pylori to stomach cells. For detailed investigations an arabinogalactan protein (F2) was isolated from seeds and characterized concerning molecular weight, carbohydrate, amino acid composition, linkage, configuration and reaction with β-glucosyl Yariv. Functional testing of F2 was performed by semiquantitative in situ adhesion assay on sections of human gastric mucosa and by quantitative in vitro adhesion assay with FITC-labled H. pylori strain J99 and human stomach AGS cells. Bacterial adhesins affected were identified by overlay assay with immobilized ligands. ¹²⁵I-radiolabeled F2 served for binding studies to H. pylori and interaction experiments with BabA and SabA. F2 had no cytotoxic effects against H. pylori and AGS cells; but inhibited bacterial binding to human gastric cells. F2 inhibited the binding of BabA and fibronectin-binding adhesin to its specific ligands. Radiolabeled F2 bound non-specifically to different strains of H. pylori; and to BabA deficient mutant. F2 did not lead to subsequent feedback regulation or increased expression of adhesins or virulence factors. From these data the non-specific interactions between F2 and the H. pylori lead to moderate antiadhesive effects.

  11. Level of 8-OHdG in drained dialysate appears to be a marker of peritoneal damage in peritoneal dialysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Morishita Y

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Yoshiyuki Morishita, Minami Watanabe, Ichiro Hirahara, Tetsu Akimoto, Shigeaki Muto, Eiji KusanoDivision of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, Jichi Medical University, Tochigi, JapanPurpose: Peritoneal dialysis (PD is a successful renal replacement therapy; however, long-term PD leads to structural and functional peritoneal damage. Therefore, the monitoring and estimation of peritoneal function are important in PD patients. Oxidative stress has been implicated as one possible mechanism of peritoneal membrane damage. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between an oxidative stress marker, 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG, and peritoneal damage in PD patients.Methods: The authors evaluated 8-OHdG in drained dialysate by enzyme immunoassay to investigate the association between 8-OHdG and solute transport rate estimated by peritoneal equilibration test and matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2 level in 45 samples from 28 PD patients.Results: The 8-OHdG level was significantly correlated with dialysate:plasma creatine ratio (r = 0.463, P < 0.05 and significantly inversely correlated with D/D0 glucose (where D is the glucose level of peritoneal effluents obtained 4 hours after the injection and D0 is the glucose level obtained immediately after the injection (r = -0.474, P < 0.05. The 8-OHdG level was also significantly correlated with MMP-2 level (r = 0.551, P < 0.05, but it was not correlated with the age of subjects, the duration of PD, or blood pressure.Conclusion: The level of 8-OHdG in drained dialysate may be a useful novel marker of peritoneal damage in PD.Keywords: oxidative stress, solute transport rate, MMP-2, peritoneal equilibration test

  12. Diffuse infiltrating retinoblastoma invading subarachnoid space

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kase S

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Satoru Kase1, Kazuhiko Yoshida1, Shigenobu Suzuki2, Koh-ichi Ohshima3, Shigeaki Ohno4, Susumu Ishida11Department of Ophthalmology, Hokkaido University Graduate School of Medicine, Sapporo; 2Department of Ophthalmic Oncology, National Cancer Center Hospital, Tokyo; 3Section of Ophthalmology, Okayama Medical Center, Okayama; 4Department of Ocular Inflammation and Immunology, Hokkaido University Graduate School of Medicine, Sapporo, JapanAbstract: We report herein an unusual case of diffuse infiltrating retinoblastoma involving the brain, which caused a patient’s death 27 months after enucleation. An eight-year-old boy complained of blurred vision in his right eye (OD in October 2006. Funduscopic examination showed optic disc swelling, dense whitish vitreous opacity, and an orange-colored subretinal elevated lesion adjacent to the optic disc. Fluorescein angiography revealed hyperfluorescence in the peripapillary region at an early-phase OD. Because the size of the subretinal lesion and vitreous opacity gradually increased, he was referred to us. His visual acuity was 20/1000 OD on June 20, 2007. Slit-lamp biomicroscopy showed a dense anterior vitreous opacity. Ophthalmoscopically, the subretinal orange-colored area spread out until reaching the mid peripheral region. A B-mode sonogram and computed tomography showed a thick homogeneous lesion without calcification. Gadolinium-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging showed a markedly enhanced appearance of the underlying posterior retina. Enucleation of the right eye was performed nine months after the initial presentation. Histopathology demonstrated retinal detachment and a huge choroidal mass invading the optic nerve head. The tumor was consistent with diffuse infiltrating retinoblastoma. The patient died due to brain involvement 27 months after enucleation. Ophthalmologists should be aware that diffuse infiltrating retinoblastoma may show an unfavorable course if its diagnosis is delayed

  13. Parents’ lived experience of providing kangaroo care to their preterm infants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angela Leonard

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Premature and low birthweight infants pose particular challenges to health services in South Africa. While there is good evidence to demonstrate the benefits of kangaroo care in low birthweight infants, limited research has been conducted locally on the experiences of parents who provide kangaroo care to their preterm infants. This phenomenological study explores the lived experience of parents who provided their preterm infants with kangaroo care at a tertiary-level maternity centre in the Western Cape. In-depth interviews were conducted with six parents: four mothers and two fathers. Data was analysed using an adaptation of the approaches described by Colaizzi (1978:48-71 and Hycner (1985:280-294. To ensure trustworthiness, the trustworthiness criteria described by Guba and Lincoln (1989:242-243 were applied. Kangaroo care is a phased process, each phase bringing a unique set of experiences. The eight themes that emerged are described: unforeseen, unprepared and uncertain - the experience of birth; anxiety and barriers; an intimate connection; adjustments, roles and responsibilities; measuring success; a network of encouragement and support; living-in challenges; and living with the infant outside of hospital. Challenges facing health care providers are described and recommendations for information about kangaroo care and support for parents are made. Opsomming Vroeggebore babas en babas met ’n lae geboortegewig stel besondere uitdagings vir Suid-Afrikaanse gesondhiedsdienste. Daar bestaan goeie bewyse dat die kangaroesorgmetode voordelig is vir babas met ’n laegeboortegewig, dog is minimale plaaslike navorsing gedoen oor die ondervindinge van ouers wat hierdie metode gebruik om vir hul vroeggebore babas te sorg. Hierdie fenomenologiese studie verken die geleefde ervaringe van ouers wat vir hulle vroeggebore babas deur middel van die kangaroesorgmetode in ’n tersiêre kraamsentrum in die Weskaap gesorg het. Data is ingesamel deur in

  14. Field Evaluation of Plant Defense Inducers for the Control of Citrus Huanglongbing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Jinyun; Trivedi, Pankaj; Wang, Nian

    2016-01-01

    Huanglongbing (HLB) is currently the most economically devastating disease of citrus worldwide and no established cure is available. Defense inducing compounds are able to induce plant resistance effective against various pathogens. In this study the effects of various chemical inducers on HLB diseased citrus were evaluated in four groves (three with sweet orange and one with mandarin) in Florida (United States) for two to four consecutive growing seasons. Results have demonstrated that plant defense inducers including β-aminobutyric acid (BABA), 2,1,3-benzothiadiazole (BTH), and 2,6-dichloroisonicotinic acid (INA), individually or in combination, were effective in suppressing progress of HLB disease. Ascorbic acid (AA) and the nonmetabolizable glucose analog 2-deoxy-D-glucose (2-DDG) also exhibited positive control effects on HLB. After three or four applications for each season, the treatments AA (60 to 600 µM), BABA (0.2 to 1.0 mM), BTH (1.0 mM), INA (0.1 mM), 2-DDG (100 µM), BABA (1.0 mM) plus BTH (1.0 mM), BTH (1.0 mM) plus AA (600 µM), and BTH (1.0 mM) plus 2-DDG (100 µM) slowed down the population growth in planta of 'Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus', the putative pathogen of HLB and reduced HLB disease severity by approximately 15 to 30% compared with the nontreated control, depending on the age and initial HLB severity of infected trees. These treatments also conferred positive effect on fruit yield and quality. Altogether, these findings indicate that plant defense inducers may be a useful strategy for the management of citrus HLB.

  15. Gaussian and linear deconvolution of LC-MS/MS chromatograms of the eight aminobutyric acid isomers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vemula, Harika; Kitase, Yukiko; Ayon, Navid J; Bonewald, Lynda; Gutheil, William G

    2017-01-01

    Isomeric molecules present a challenge for analytical resolution and quantification, even with MS-based detection. The eight aminobutyric acid (ABA) isomers are of interest for their various biological activities, particularly γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and the d- and l-isomers of β-aminoisobutyric acid (β-AIBA; BAIBA). This study aimed to investigate LC-MS/MS-based resolution of these ABA isomers as their Marfey's (Mar) reagent derivatives. HPLC was able to separate three Mar-ABA isomers l-β-ABA (l-BABA), and l- and d-α-ABA (AABA) completely, with three isomers (GABA, and d/l-BAIBA) in one chromatographic cluster, and two isomers (α-AIBA (AAIBA) and d-BABA) in a second cluster. Partially separated cluster components were deconvoluted using Gaussian peak fitting except for GABA and d-BAIBA. MS/MS detection of Marfey's derivatized ABA isomers provided six MS/MS fragments, with substantially different intensity profiles between structural isomers. This allowed linear deconvolution of ABA isomer peaks. Combining HPLC separation with linear and Gaussian deconvolution allowed resolution of all eight ABA isomers. Application to human serum found a substantial level of l-AABA (13 μM), an intermediate level of l-BAIBA (0.8 μM), and low but detectable levels (<0.2 μM) of GABA, l-BABA, AAIBA, d-BAIBA, and d-AABA. This approach should be useful for LC-MS/MS deconvolution of other challenging groups of isomeric molecules. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. Optimal carbon dioxide insufflation pressure during robot-assisted thyroidectomy in patients with various benign and malignant thyroid diseases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kim Hoon

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Currently, data are not available concerning a safe insufflation pressure that provides a proper view of the surgical field without adverse metabolic and hemodynamic changes in humans undergoing the robot-assisted thyroidectomy bilateral axillo-breast approach (BABA using the da Vinci robotic surgical system. The purpose of this study was to determine the optimal carbon dioxide (CO2 insufflation pressure in patients with various benign and malignant thyroid diseases when using the da Vinci robotic surgical system. Methods A total of 32 patients underwent thyroid surgery at 6 (n = 15, 9 (n = 15, and 12 (n = 2 mmHg. The partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PaCO2, pH, cardiac output, heart rate, and mean arterial pressure were measured at baseline, 30 min and 1, 1.5, and 2 hours after CO2 insufflation, and 30 min after desufflation. Results CO2 insufflation of 12 mmHg caused severe facial subcutaneous emphysema, hypercarbia, and acidosis during robot-assisted thyroidectomy with BABA. The study was stopped before completion for the patients’ safety in accordance with the study protocol. Applying 6- or 9- mmHg of CO2 insufflation pressure caused increases in PaCO2 and decreases in arterial pH. However, vital signs were stable and pH and PaCO2 were within the physiologic range during the surgery in the 6- and 9-mmHg groups. Conclusions We propose that a CO2 insufflation pressure under 10 mmHg in robot-assisted thyroidectomy with BABA is the optimal insufflation pressure for patient safety.

  17. The experiences of mothers who lost a baby during pregnancy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A GW Nolte

    2007-02-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to explore and describe the experiences of mothers who lost a baby during pregnancy and care given by doctors and midwives during this period. Opsomming Die doel van die studie was om die ervaring van moeders met betrekking tot die dood van ‘n baba tydens swangerskap te verken en te beskryf, asook die versorging wat hulle van vroedvroue en dokters gedurende die periode ontvang het. *Please note: This is a reduced version of the abstract. Please refer to PDF for full text.

  18. Preparação e caracterização de micro e nanopartículas lipídicas sólidas para aplicação em cosméticos

    OpenAIRE

    Marcos Roberto Rossan

    2011-01-01

    Resumo: Neste trabalho, estudou-se o desenvolvimento tecnológico de micro/ nanopartículas lipídicas sólidas para aplicação cosmética capilar. As micropartículas foram produzidas por spray cooling, onde incorporou-se na matriz lipídica, composta por ceras naturais de origem vegetal (cera de carnaúba), mineral (microparafina) e sintética (cera de silicone), um ativo doador de brilho capilar, de nome comercial Activeshine Amazon, composto por uma mistura de triglicerídeos de murumuru e babaçú. A...

  19. Study on the transport by superconducting elevators

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ona, K. [Technov Inc., Tokyo (Japan)

    1999-02-01

    A study on the development of a transport system using the pinning effect of a superconducting bulk structure was undertaken and a model of a flywheel for electric power storage was manufactured by introducing a bearing applying the pinning effect to investigate the feasibility through its operation. The operation behavior of vertical transport combining the superconducting bulk structure and the electromagnetic coils reproduced the predictions of simulation. As for the electric power storage via flywheel, it was confirmed that the lighting duration of a indicating lamp was elongated from the ordinary interval, 1 min., to 4 min. (H. Baba)

  20. REVIEW OF THE ANILLINA OF MACEDONIA AND DESCRIPTION OF TWO NEW SPECIES OF PRIONIOMUS FROM GREECE (Coleoptera, Carabidae) (*)

    OpenAIRE

    Pier Mauro Giachino; Dante Vailati

    2012-01-01

    (*) Results, in part, of the programme “Research Missions in the Mediterranean Basin” sponsored by the World Biodiversity Association onlus. XXXIIIth contribution.A revision of the Anillina of Macedonia is given, with the description of the following new species of Winklerites Jeannel, 1937: W. vonickai n. sp. from Bistra planina, W. blazeji n. sp. from Galičica Mts., W. moraveci from Baba Mts. and W. gueorguievi from Ničpurska (Šar planina). W. fodori Guéorguiev, 2007, is redescribed on mate...

  1. The aquatic habit and host plants of Paracles klagesi (Rothschild (Lepidoptera, Erebidae, Arctiinae in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aurélio R. Meneses

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The aquatic habit and host plants of Paracles klagesi (Rothschild (Lepidoptera, Erebidae, Arctiinae in Brazil. The aquatic caterpillar Paracles klagesi (Rothschild, 1910 was collected from the headwaters of a stream in an ecotone between Cerrado and Babaçu forest in northeastern Brazil. The single caterpillar found was observed feeding on the macrophyte Tonina fluviatilis Aubl. (Eriocaulaceae and other aquatic plants of the family Nymphaeaceae present in the area, but also accepted as food Elodea canadensis Michx. (Hydrocharitaceae and Cabomba sp. (Cabombaceae under laboratory conditions.

  2. Enzimas fúngicas em dietas com alimentos alternativos para frangos de crescimento lento

    OpenAIRE

    Carla Fonseca Alves-Campos; Kênia Ferreira Rodriguês; Roberta Gomes Marçal Vieira Vaz; Giovana Cristina Giannesi; Gerson Fausto da Silva; Iberê Pereira Parente; Aline Ferreira Amorim; Aleane Francisca Cordeiro Barbosa; Mônica Calixto da Silva; Flávia Luzia Rodrigues Fonseca; Caroliny Costa Araújo; Valquíria Sousa Silva; Jefferson Rodrigues da Silva; Ecione Martins Silva; Márcio Luz Campos

    2017-01-01

    Su objetivo era abordar en esta revisión sobre las enzimas fúngicas y sus efectos sobre las dietas con alimentos alternativos para los pollos de crecimiento lento. La alimentación representa la mayor parte del coste total de la producción y reducir los costes y aumentar lucre del productor se han investigado alimento alternativo, tal como la torta de babasú, la torta de palmiste y bagazo de yuca, que demuestra el potencial para su uso em la alimentación pollos cateto, sin embargo, conun uso l...

  3. Investigation report on the facilities and disposed materials related to the abolished Tokai refinement plants

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-11-01

    Present situations were surveyed on the slay accumulation site, raw material ore, and demolished facilities. The survey revealed demolished materials buried in a restricted area of the Institute yard, and the result of investigation was published together with further investigation plan. As a result of the investigation, the area of buried slag and ore was pinpointed. At the same time, the situation of disposal of non-radioactive equipment materials and burnt ash generated from the fuel reprocessing plant was investigated. It was confirmed then that the waste storage did not effect the neighboring environment. (H. Baba)

  4. Multipeakedness and groupiness of shallow water waves along Indian coast

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    SanilKumar, V.; Anand, N.M.; AshokKumar, K.; Mandal, S.

    and amplitudes of sea waves. JDurnal of GeDphysical Re search, 80(18), 2688-2694. MASSON, D. and CHAro.lJLER, P., 1993. Wave groups, a closer look at spectral methods. CDastal Engineering, 20, 249-275. MATHEW, J.; BABA. M., and KURIAN, N.P., 1995. Mudbanks... Research 1052-1065 West Palm Beach, Florida Fall 2003 Multipeakedness a,nd Groupiness of Shallow Water Waves Along Indian Coast v. Sanil Kumar, N.M. Anand, K. Ashok Kumar, and S. MandaI Ocean Engineering Division National Institute of Oceanography Goa-403...

  5. RESÍDUOS ORGÂNICOS NO CONTROLE DE Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. passiflorae EM MARACUJAZEIRO AMARELO (Passiflora edulis f. flavicarpa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renato Bernardes FERREIRA

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available La fusariosis, es una importante enfermedad en el cultivo de maracuyá que causa una severa limitación en la producción de frutos y una reducción en la longevidad del cultivo. Este trabajo tuvo como objetivo, evaluar el efecto de residuos orgánicos i n vitro e in vivo como medida alternativa para el manejo de la fusariosis en el maracuyá, causada por Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. passiflorae. Se evaluaron seis concentraciones in vitro (0, 2, 4, 6, 8 y 10 % en forma de extracto acuoso, e igual número, para la inhibición del crecimiento micelial in vivo (0, 20, 40, 60, 80, 100 g kg -1 , incorporados al suelo para el control de Fusarium. Los residuos orgánicos utilizados, fueron hojas de eucalipto, bagazo de coco babasú y cáscara de yuca. Estos residuos fueron sometidos a análisis nutricionales y microbiológicos. Se confirmó la patogeneidad de los aislados evaluados, lo que comprobó la presencia de fusariosis en el maracuyá amarillo in vivo . La bagazo babasú, presentó las mayores concentraciones de N, P y K. Las especies fúngicas presentes con mayor frecuencia fueron Penicillium sp., Aspergillus niger, Aspergillus flavus y Aspergillus ochraceus . En el proceso in vitro , el extracto de babasú presento inhibición significativa en la concentración del 6 % y, en los extractos de hojas de eucalipto y cáscara de yuca la del 10 %. A nivel in vivo , la concentración de 60 g kg -1 de bagazo babasú y 80 g kg -1 de cáscara de mandioca, fueron eficientes en el control de fusariosis. El residuo de eucalipto no influenció el desarrollo de la mancha de fusarium del maracuyá en vivero. Es posible utilizar residuos orgánicos para el control de fusarium en el cultivo de maracuyá amarillo.

  6. Conjugacy Systems Based on Nonabelian Factorization Problems and Their Applications in Cryptography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lize Gu

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available To resist known quantum algorithm attacks, several nonabelian algebraic structures mounted upon the stage of modern cryptography. Recently, Baba et al. proposed an important analogy from the integer factorization problem to the factorization problem over nonabelian groups. In this paper, we propose several conjugated problems related to the factorization problem over nonabelian groups and then present three constructions of cryptographic primitives based on these newly introduced conjugacy systems: encryption, signature, and signcryption. Sample implementations of our proposal as well as the related performance analysis are also presented.

  7. Estudio de factibilidad para la creación de una empresa que produzca y comercialice cacao fino de aroma, ubicado en el sitio Casquete parroquia Alajuela, cantón Portojievo, provincia de Manabí.

    OpenAIRE

    Mejía Noroña, Edwin Santiago

    2012-01-01

    El presente proyecto tiene como objetivo la creación de una empresa que produzca y comercialice cacao fino de aroma en baba, ubicada en el sitio Casquete, parroquia Alajuela, cantón Portoviejo, provincia de Manabí El cacao fino de aroma tiene un nicho de mercado con alta demanda pero el Ecuador esta perdiendo este tipo de clientes debido a que los agricultores optan por plantaciones más rendidoras y estas no son precisamente de variedades nacionales. Con el fin de obtener información actualiz...

  8. adolescents with gastroduodenal disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monika Maria Biernat

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Infection with Helicobacter pylori is a major cause of chronic gastritis and peptic ulcer disease in children and its consequences in adulthood can lead to serious complications, including in particular the development of gastric cancer. Our aim was to analyze the relationship between the occurrence of selected genes such as cagA, vacA, iceA, and babA2 determining pathogenicity of H. pylori strains and clinical outcome in children.Material and methods: The study was performed on H. pylori strains isolated from biopsies taken from 130 children and adolescents with non-ulcer dyspepsia (NUD, gastric and duodenal ulcers (PUD and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD. Genes such as cagA, vacA (allelic variants: s1/ s2, m1/m2, iceA (allelic variants: iceA1, iceA2 and babA2 were determined by polymerase chain reaction (PCR.Results: The cagA gene was detected in 79/130 (60.8% H. pylori isolates. The presence of the cagA gene was significantly associated with duodenal ulcer (p<0.05. The vacAs1/m1 genotype as more frequent in children with ulcers than in other groups, whereas the vacAs2/m2 genotype was more frequent in patients with gastritis and GERD. The iceA1, iceA2 and babA2 genes were present in 59/130 (45.4%, 27/130 (21% and 30/130 (23.1% of the strains, respectively. The vacAs1/cagA+ genotype was most frequently observed in strains isolated from children with PUD. The predominant genotype in children with NUD and GERD was vacAs2/cagA-/iceA1+/babA2-.Conclusion: The study showed a high incidence of strains with increased virulence, possessing cagA, vacAs1 and iceA1 genes in symptomatic children with H. pylori infection.

  9. Antonioni reinterpreta ??lo ins??lito?? de Cort??zar: investigaci??n fotoqu??mica, mecanogr??fica y cinematogr??fica

    OpenAIRE

    Longhi, Ludovico

    2015-01-01

    Antonioni pensaba en Cort??zar: hab??a le??do Las babas del diablo. Respiraba en la periferia londinense una atm??sfera ins??lita. La percibe e intenta reproducirla(cinematogr??ficamente). Cort??zar hab??a o??do una ins??lita confesi??n del amigo Larrain. Fot??grafo e hispano come ??l. Afincado (como ??l) en Paris, la ville lumi??re: espect??culo obsesivo y laberintico de luces. A veces m??gico, a veces alucinador. Lorrain hab??a percibido un hecho siniestro y hab??a cre??do atraparlo foto qu...

  10. 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography might be useful for diagnosis of hepatic amyloidosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tawada A

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Akinobu Tawada,1 Tatsuo Kanda,1 Takashi Oide,2 Toshio Tsuyuguchi,1 Fumio Imazeki,1,3 Yukio Nakatani,2 Osamu Yokosuka11Department of Gastroenterology, 2Department of Diagnostic Pathology, Chiba University Hospital, Chuo-ku, Chiba, Japan; 3Safety and Health Organization, Chiba University, Inage-ku, Chiba, JapanAbstract: We report on a woman with hepatic involvement of primary systemic (immunoglobulin light chain, AL amyloidosis. Her diagnosis was confirmed by liver biopsy. Clinical symptoms of hepatic amyloidosis are generally mild at its first stage, with most frequent findings being hepatomegaly and alkaline phosphatase elevation. Recent advances in the understanding of the pathophysiology of systemic amyloidosis have made several treatments available. However, its prognosis is occasionally poor. Because liver biopsy is not always safe, other modalities for the diagnosis are needed. Of interest was that fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG uptake into the liver was observed, compared with that into the spleen, in this patient, indicating that FDG positron emission tomography and computed tomography might be useful for the diagnosis of hepatic amyloidosis with mild liver dysfunction.Keywords: amyloidosis, diagnosis, hepatic involvement, FDG PET

  11. In situ gelation properties of a collagen–genipin sol with a potential for the treatment of gastrointestinal ulcers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Narita T

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Takefumi Narita,1 Shunji Yunoki,1 Yoshimi Ohyabu,1 Naohisa Yahagi,2 Toshio Uraoka3 1Biotechnology Group, Tokyo Metropolitan Industrial Technology Research Institute, Koto-ku, 2Division of Research and Development for Minimally Invasive Treatment, Cancer Center, Keio University School of Medicine, Shinjuku-ku, 3Department of Gastroenterology, National Hospital Organization Tokyo Medical Center, Meguro-ku, Tokyo, Japan Abstract: We investigated the potential of collagen–genipin sols as biomaterials for treating artificial ulcers following endoscopic submucosal dissection. Collagen sol viscosity increased with condensation, allowing retention on tilted ulcers before gelation and resulting in collagen gel deposition on whole ulcers. The 1.44% collagen sols containing genipin as a crosslinker retained sol fluidity at 23°C for >20 min, facilitating endoscopic use. Collagen sols formed gel depositions on artificial ulcers in response to body temperature, and high temperature responsiveness of gelation because of increased neutral phosphate buffer concentration allowed for thick gel deposition on tilted ulcers. Finally, histological observations showed infiltration of gels into submucosal layers. Taken together, the present data show that genipin-induced crosslinking significantly improves the mechanical properties of collagen gels even at low genipin concentrations of 0.2–1 mM, warranting the use of in situ gelling collagen–genipin sols for endoscopic treatments of gastrointestinal ulcers. Keywords: collagen, genipin, in-situ gel, fibril formation, ulcer dressing 

  12. Obvious optic disc swelling in a patient with cryopyrin-associated periodic syndrome

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    Kawai M

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Mariko Kawai,1 Tadanobu Yoshikawa,1 Ryuta Nishikomori,2 Toshio Heike,2 Kanji Takahashi11Department of Ophthalmology, Kansai Medical University, Osaka, 2Department of Pediatrics, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto, JapanAbstract: Cryopyrin-associated periodic syndrome (CAPS is a group of rare hereditary autoinflammatory diseases caused by mutations of the NLRP3 gene, and leads to excessive production of the proinflammatory cytokine, interleukin-lß. A 35-year-old male presented with recurrent symptoms of urticarial-like rash, periodic fever, arthralgia, headache, and eye redness. His best-corrected visual acuity was 1.0 OD and 0.9 OS. Slit-lamp examination showed conjunctival and episcleral injection in both eyes. Ophthalmoscopy revealed obvious bilateral optic disc swelling and retinal vascular sheathing around the optic discs. Spectral domain optical coherence tomography also showed obvious optic disc swelling. Steroid and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs did not improve these symptoms. Genetic testing detected a heterozygous mutation of c.907G>A. Thus, the patient was genetically confirmed with CAPS. Visual acuity did not decrease for 3 years, although the optic discs became white in color. CAPS should therefore be distinguished from other disorders when examining optic disc swelling and/or uveitis patients with urticarial-like rash and periodic fever.Keywords: interleukin-lß, chronic infantile cutaneous and articular syndrome, cryopyrin-associated periodic syndrome, leucine-rich repeat-containing protein 3, optic disc swelling

  13. Conflitos agrários e memória de mulheres camponesas Agrarian Conflict and Peasant Memory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maristela de Paula Andrade

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo toma para objeto de reflexão questões suscitadas por pesquisa com mulheres camponesas, autodenominadas e conhecidas como quebradeiras de coco babaçu, acerca de conflitos em que estiveram e se encontram envolvidas, elas e suas famílias, no Maranhão. Procura-se refletir sobre aspectos metodológicos suscitados pela análise de depoimentos de lideranças camponesas femininas que reconstroem, hoje, um tempo vivido no passado.This article reflects upon questions brought about during research with rural women, who call themselves and are known by others as quebradeiras de coco babaçu (cacao bean breakers. It deals with previous and present conflicts in which they and their families have been involved in Maranhão. Methodological concerns about interviews done with peasant and rural women leaders are discussed, emphasizing how past experience is reconstructed at the present time.

  14. Calculation of wave resistance by using Kochin function in the Rankine source method; Rankinsosuho ni okeru kochin kansu wo mochiita zoha teiko keisan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yasukawa, H. [Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)

    1997-10-01

    In order to avoid negative wave resistance (which is physically incomprehensible) generated in calculating wave resistance by using the Rankine source method, a proposal was made on a wave resistance calculation method using the Kochin function which describes behavior of speed potential in regions far apart from a hull. The Baba`s condition was used as a free surface condition for the speed potential which expresses wave motions around a hull. This has allowed a new Kochin function which uses as unknown the speed potential on the hull surface and the free surface near the hull to be defined and combined with the Rankine source method. A comparison was made between the calculated values for wave resistance, hull subsidence and trim change of an ore transporting vessel (SR107 type of ship) in a fully loaded condition and the result of water tank tests. The wave resistance values derived from pressure integration have all become negative when the Froude number is from 0.1 to 0.2, while no negative resistance has appeared in the calculations by using the Kochin function, but the result has agreed with that of the water tank tests. Accuracy of the calculations at low speeds was improved. The trim change in the calculations was slightly smaller than that in the water tank tests. The subsidence showed a good agreement. 7 refs., 1 fig.

  15. Awareness and Prevalence of Mycotoxin Contamination in Selected Nigerian Fermented Foods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Njobeh, Patrick; Obadina, Adewale

    2017-01-01

    Fermented food samples (n = 191) including maize gruel (ogi), sorghum gruel (ogi-baba), melon seed (ogiri), locust bean (iru) and African oil bean seed (ugba) from Southwest Nigeria were quantified for 23 mycotoxins, including aflatoxin B1 (AFB1), fumonisin B1 (FB1), and sterigmatocystin (STE) using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. The practices, perceived understanding and health risks related to fungal and mycotoxin contamination amongst fermented food sellers was also established. Data obtained revealed that 82% of the samples had mycotoxins occurring singly or in combination. FB1 was present in 83% of ogi-baba samples, whereas 20% of ugba samples contained AFB1 (range: 3 to 36 µg/kg) and STE was present in 29% of the ogi samples. In terms of multi-mycotoxin contamination, FB1 + FB2 + FB3 + STE + AFB1 + alternariol + HT-2 co-occurred within one sample. The awareness study revealed that 98% of respondents were unaware of mycotoxin contamination, and their education level slightly correlated with their level of awareness (p contaminated these food commodities, coupled with the poor perception of the population under study on fungi and mycotoxins, justifies the need to enact fungal and mycotoxin mitigation strategies along the food chain. PMID:29117141

  16. Influence of monoclonal anti-Lewis b, anti-H type 1, and anti-sialyl Lewis x antibodies on binding of Helicobacter pylori to MUC1 mucin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Radziejewska, I; Leszczyńska, K; Borzym-Kluczyk, M

    2014-01-01

    To assess the influence of monoclonal anti-Lewis b, anti-H type 1, and anti-sialyl Lewis x addition on interactions of sugar structures of MUC1 mucin with Helicobacter pylori. The investigations were carried out on gastric juices of 11 patients and 12 H. pylori strains. The levels of Lewis b and sialyl Lewis x antigens on MUC1 were assessed by sandwich ELISA tests. Anti-Lewis b, anti-H type 1 or anti-sialyl Lewis x monoclonal antibodies were added to MUC1 to determine whether the adhesion activities of H. pylori isolates to examined mucin would be affected. Binding of bacteria to MUC1 was assessed by ELISA test. Clear inhibitory effect of examined antibodies was revealed in 6 of 12 examined H. pylori isolates independently on babA2 status. In the rest of strains this effect was negligible. We confirmed participation of Lewis b, H type 1 and also sialyl Lewis x of MUC1 mucin in interactions with H. pylori independently on babA genopositivity. Not full inhibition and a lack of this effect in some strains suggest an existence of other mechanisms of H. pylori adherence to mucin.

  17. Defense Response and Suppression of Phytophthora Blight Disease of Pepper by Water Extract from Spent Mushroom Substrate of Lentinula edodes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dae-Sun Kang

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available The spent mushroom substrate (SMS of Lentinula edodes that was derived from sawdust bag cultivation was used as materials for controlling Phytophthora blight disease of pepper. Water extract from SMS (WESMS of L. edodes inhibited mycelial growth of Phytophthora capsici, suppressed Phytophthora blight disease of pepper seedlings by 65% and promoted growth of the plant over 30%. In high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC analysis, oxalic acid was detected as the main organic acid compound in WESMS and inhibited the fungal mycelium at a minimum concentration of 200 mg/l. In quantitative real-time PCR, the transcriptional expression of CaBPR1 (PR protein 1, CaBGLU (β-1,3-glucanase, CaPR-4 (PR protein 4, and CaPR-10 (PR protein 10 were significantly enhanced on WESMS and DL-β-aminobutyric acid (BABA treated pepper leaves. In addition, the salicylic acid content was also increased 4 to 6 folds in the WESMS and BABA treated pepper leaves compared to water treated leaf sample. These findings suggest that WESMS of L. edodes suppress Phytophthora blight disease of pepper through multiple effects including antifungal activity, plant growth promotion, and defense gene induction.

  18. Defense Response and Suppression ofPhytophthoraBlight Disease of Pepper by Water Extract from Spent Mushroom Substrate ofLentinula edodes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kang, Dae-Sun; Min, Kyong-Jin; Kwak, A-Min; Lee, Sang-Yeop; Kang, Hee-Wan

    2017-06-01

    The spent mushroom substrate (SMS) of Lentinula edodes that was derived from sawdust bag cultivation was used as materials for controlling Phytophthora blight disease of pepper. Water extract from SMS (WESMS) of L. edodes inhibited mycelial growth of Phytophthora capsici , suppressed Phytophthora blight disease of pepper seedlings by 65% and promoted growth of the plant over 30%. In high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analysis, oxalic acid was detected as the main organic acid compound in WESMS and inhibited the fungal mycelium at a minimum concentration of 200 mg/l. In quantitative real-time PCR, the transcriptional expression of CaBPR1 (PR protein 1), CaBGLU (β-1,3-glucanase), CaPR-4 (PR protein 4), and CaPR-10 (PR protein 10) were significantly enhanced on WESMS and DL-β-aminobutyric acid (BABA) treated pepper leaves. In addition, the salicylic acid content was also increased 4 to 6 folds in the WESMS and BABA treated pepper leaves compared to water treated leaf sample. These findings suggest that WESMS of L. edodes suppress Phytophthora blight disease of pepper through multiple effects including antifungal activity, plant growth promotion, and defense gene induction.

  19. Ülkemizde DNA Analizi HLADQA1 LDLR GYPA HBGG ve GC Lokusları ile Değerlendirilen İlk Paternite Olguları

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Burçak Vural

    2002-04-01

    Full Text Available Moleküler genetiğin son yıllarda gösterdiği hızlı gelişim, babalık tayini davalarmda kullanılan benzemezlik testleri arasına DNA analinin de girmesine yol açmıştır. Bu test diğer benzemezlik testleri ile karşılaştırıldığında, ayrım gücü en yüksek olanıdır. Adli amaçlı DNA analizlerinin ülkemizde kullanımı için Deneysel Tıp Araştırma Enstitüsü ve Adli Tıp Kurumu 1993 yılı Mart ayından itibaren ortaklaşa bir çalışma başlatıldı. Bu çalışmanın kapsamında babalığın behrlenmesini amaçlayan benzemezlik testleri arasına DNA analizi eklendi. Söz konusu DNA analizi için Türk toplumunda allel ve genotip frekansları belirlenmiş olan altı genomik lokus seçildi. Bunlar HLADQA1, LDLR, GYPA, HBGG, D7S8 ve GC lokuslarıdır. Genotip ve fenotip incelemeleri birlikte yürütülen 96 dosyanın 26’sında baba olduğu iddia olunan davalı dışlandı. Bu 26 dosyanın 12 tanesinde babalığın reddi yalnız DNA analizi ile mümkün oldu. Fenotip incelemesi ile babalığın reddi mümkün olmayan dosyaların üç tanesinde ilgili baba adaylarının baba olma olasılıkları yalnız fenotip testleri göz önüne alındığında % 99.90, % 99.87 ve % 99.82 olarak hesaplanmış olmasına rağmen DNA analizinin kullanımı ile bu kişiler dışlandı. DNA ve fenotip analizleri ile baba adayının dışlanamadığı diğer 70 dosyanın 68’inde ise baba olma olasılığı %99.73 ve üzerinde bulundu. Bu sonuçlar babalığın belirlenmesi için kullanılan benzemezlik testleri arasında DNA analizlerinin kullanımının gerekliliğini gündeme getirdi. Anahtar kelimeler: DNA analizi, babalık tayini, PCR, HLADQA1, LDLR, GYPA, HBGG, D7S8, GC

  20. Monoclonal antibodies in rheumatoid arthritis: comparative effectiveness of tocilizumab with tumor necrosis factor inhibitors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tanaka T

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Toshio Tanaka,1,2 Yoshihiro Hishitani,3 Atsushi Ogata2,3 1Department of Clinical Application of Biologics, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka University, Osaka, Japan; 2Department of Immunopathology, WPI Immunology Frontier Research Center, Osaka University, Osaka, Japan; 3Department of Respiratory Medicine, Allergy and Rheumatic Diseases, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka University, Osaka, Japan Abstract: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA is a chronic inflammatory disease characterized by persistent joint inflammation, systemic inflammation, and immunological abnormalities. Because cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α and interleukin (IL-6 play a major role in the development of RA, their targeting could constitute a reasonable novel therapeutic strategy for treating RA. Indeed, worldwide clinical trials of TNF inhibiting biologic disease modifying antirheumatic drugs (bDMARDs including infliximab, adalimumab, golimumab, certolizumab pegol, and etanercept as well as the humanized anti-human IL-6 receptor antibody, tocilizumab, have demonstrated outstanding clinical efficacy and tolerable safety profiles, resulting in worldwide approval for using these bDMARDs to treat moderate to severe active RA in patients with an inadequate response to synthetic disease modifying antirheumatic drugs (sDMARDs. Although bDMARDs have elicited to a paradigm shift in the treatment of RA due to the prominent efficacy that had not been previously achieved by sDMARDs, a substantial percentage of patients failed primary or secondary responses to bDMARD therapy. Because RA is a heterogeneous disease in which TNF-α and IL-6 play overlapping but distinct pathological roles, further studies are required to determine the best use of TNF inhibitors and tocilizumab in individual RA patients. Keywords: interleukin-6, rheumatoid arthritis, adalimumab, biologic

  1. Activities for the Promotion of Gender Equality in Japan—Japan Society of Applied Physics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kodate, Kashiko; Tanaka, Kazuo

    2005-10-01

    Since 1946, the Japan Society of Applied Physics (JSAP) has strived to promote research and development in applied physics for benefits beyond national boundaries. Activities of JSAP involve multidisciplinary fields, from physics and engineering to life sciences. Of its 23,000 members, 48% are from industry, 29% from academia, and about 7% from semi-autonomous national research laboratories. Its large industrial membership is one of the distinctive features of JSAP. In preparation for the First IUPAP International Conference on Women in Physics (Paris, 2002), JSAP members took the first step under the strong leadership of then-JSAP President Toshio Goto, setting up the Committee for the Promotion Equal Participation of Men and Women in Science and Technology. Equality rather than women's advancement is highlighted to further development in science and technology. Attention is also paid to balancing the number of researchers from different age groups and affiliations. The committee has 22 members: 12 female and 10 male; 7 from corporations, 12 from universities, and 3 from semi-autonomous national research institutes. Its main activities are to organize symposia and meetings, conduct surveys among JSAP members, and provide child-care facilities at meetings and conferences. In 2002 the Japan Physics Society and the Chemical Society of Japan jointly created the Japan Inter-Society Liaison Association for the Promotion of Equal Participation of Men and Women in Science and Engineering. Membership has grown to 44 societies (of which 19 are observers) ranging from mathematics, information, and life sciences to civil engineering. Joint activities across sectors and empower the whole. The Gender Equality Bureau in the Cabinet Office recently launched a large-scale project called "Challenge Campaign" to encourage girls to major in natural science and engineering, which JSAP is co-sponsoring.

  2. Desenvolvimento de colônias de abelhas com diferentes alimentos protéicos Development of honeybee colonies under protein diets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fábia de Mello Pereira

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o desempenho de produtos regionais do Nordeste na alimentação de colônias de abelhas (Apis mellifera, em um período de escassez de floradas. Foram fornecidas dietas às abelhas, contendo 20% de proteína bruta, à base de feno de mandioca (Manihot esculenta e farinha de vagem de algaroba (Prosopis juliflora, feno de mandioca e farelo de babaçu (Orbygnia martiana, farelo de babaçu e Purilac (sucedâneo para bezerros da marca Purina e pólen apícola de Palmae. As colônias foram analisadas quanto ao peso e às áreas de alimento e cria. Não foi observada diferença significativa entre os tratamentos em relação às áreas de cria. Apesar de a pasta com pólen ser a mais consumida, este alimento mostrou conversão alimentar menor do que as demais dietas fornecidas. As colônias que receberam pasta de feno de mandioca com farelo de babaçu tiveram maior peso final. Todos os alimentos mostraram-se eficientes na manutenção das colônias.The objective of this work was to evaluate the efficiency of some regional products of Brazil Northeast to feed Apis mellifera colonies. Diets with 20% of crude protein made of cassava hay (Manihot esculenta and mesquite pod meal (Prosopis juliflora, cassava hay and babassu bran (Orbygnia martiana, babassu bran and Purilac (succedaneous for calfskin from Purina and Palmae pollen were offered to the honeybees. Colonies were evaluated for weight gain, store area and brood area. There was no significant difference among the treatments in relation to the brood areas. Pollen treatment showed the highest intake but also showed the lowest food conversion. Beehives that received diet with cassava hay and babassu flour showed greater final weight gain. All diets were efficient in the maintenance of the colonies.

  3. Efeito de óleos essenciais como alternativa no controle de Colletotrichum gloeosporioides, em pimenta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosa Maria Souto de Sousa

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Fungos do gênero Colletotrichum causam doenças conhecidas como antracnose. Métodos alternativos que sejam eficientes e menos agressivos vêm sendo amplamente testados. Dentre estes, surge o interesse pela utilização de óleos essenciais extraídos de vegetais. O presente trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar o efeito de óleos essenciais de eucalipto, copaíba, andiroba, babaçu, coco, neem, semente de uva, amêndoa, hortelã e pau rosa, em diferentes concentrações sobre o fungo Colletotrichum gloeosporioides, in vitro e em frutos de pimenta em pós colheita. O experimento in vitro foi realizado utilizando-se cinco concentrações (0,2; 0,4; 0,6; 0,8 e 1,0% dos dez óleos misturados ao meio de cultura BDA. As variáveis analisadas foram a taxa de crescimento micelial e o índice de velocidade de crescimento micelial (IVCM. O ensaio em pós-colheita foi feito com imersão dos frutos de pimenta por 5 minutos, nos mesmos óleos utilizados no experimento anterior, usando-se a maior concentração. O fungo C. gloeosporioides foi inoculado, através de ferimento, logo após a imersão dos frutos. As avaliações foram realizadas diariamente através de medição do diâmetro das colônias e das lesões, tomando-se duas medições em sentidos diametralmente opostos. Pode-se observar que no experimento in vitro todos os óleos, com exceção dos óleos de babaçu, semente de uva e amêndoa, tiveram excelentes resultados inibindo o crescimento do fungo. No resultado obtido em pós-colheita foi observado que apenas o óleo de babaçu não foi eficiente em reduzir o desenvolvimento da lesão de antracnose. Dados relevantes foram observados para os óleos de semente de uva e amêndoa, que não apresentaram efeito direto sobre o fungo in vitro, porém no tratamento pós-colheita apresentaram bons resultados, reduzindo a lesão causada por C. gloeosporioides, sugerindo assim que estes óleos possam ser utilizados como indutores de resistência em frutos

  4. Küçük Yaştaki Ensest Olgularında Tanı ve Adli Süreçte Yaşanan Sorunlar Nedeniyle Üç Olgu Sunumu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saniye Korkmaz

    2001-08-01

    Full Text Available Ensest çocuğun bir başka aile üyesi tarafından cinsel istismara maruz bırakılması olarak tanımlanmaktadır. Ensestin ortaya çıkma sıklığı yaygınlığından çok daha azdır. Ensest yalnızca çocukta değil tüm ailede önemli dinamik ve toplumsal değişiklikler oluşturmaktadır. Çocuk Psikiyatri kliniklerine yapılan başvurular çoğu kez yasal yollardandır. Küçük yaştaki çocukların hem zihinsel, duygusal özellikleri hem de ailenin baskı ve etkisi rapor düzenleme sürecini etkileyebilmektedir. Bu yazıda kliniğimize ensest şüphesiyle başvuran üç olgunun tanı ve adli rapor düzenlenmesinde yaşanan güçlükleri tartışmak ve bu alanda oluşturulabilecek standart normları gündeme getirmek amaçlanmıştır. Olgu A 5,5 yaşında öz baba - kız ensesti şüphesi, olgu B, 5,5 yaşında öz baba-oğul ensesti, olgu C 4,5 yaşında üvey baba-kız ensesti şüphesidir. Bu yazıda 3 olgunun sosyodemografik, aile özellikleri, şimdiki psikiyatrik durumları, psikometrik inceleme sonuçları ile birlikte ele alınarak tanı ve yasal süreçte yaşanan güçlükler tartışılmıştır. Böylesi çalışmaların multidisipliner ekiplerce yapılması gerektiğini düşünüyoruz. Anahtar sözcükler: Çocuk, ensest, yasal süreç.

  5. Brainstem auditory evoked potentials with the use of acoustic clicks and complex verbal sounds in young adults with learning disabilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kouni, Sophia N; Giannopoulos, Sotirios; Ziavra, Nausika; Koutsojannis, Constantinos

    2013-01-01

    Acoustic signals are transmitted through the external and middle ear mechanically to the cochlea where they are transduced into electrical impulse for further transmission via the auditory nerve. The auditory nerve encodes the acoustic sounds that are conveyed to the auditory brainstem. Multiple brainstem nuclei, the cochlea, the midbrain, the thalamus, and the cortex constitute the central auditory system. In clinical practice, auditory brainstem responses (ABRs) to simple stimuli such as click or tones are widely used. Recently, complex stimuli or complex auditory brain responses (cABRs), such as monosyllabic speech stimuli and music, are being used as a tool to study the brainstem processing of speech sounds. We have used the classic 'click' as well as, for the first time, the artificial successive complex stimuli 'ba', which constitutes the Greek word 'baba' corresponding to the English 'daddy'. Twenty young adults institutionally diagnosed as dyslexic (10 subjects) or light dyslexic (10 subjects) comprised the diseased group. Twenty sex-, age-, education-, hearing sensitivity-, and IQ-matched normal subjects comprised the control group. Measurements included the absolute latencies of waves I through V, the interpeak latencies elicited by the classical acoustic click, the negative peak latencies of A and C waves, as well as the interpeak latencies of A-C elicited by the verbal stimulus 'baba' created on a digital speech synthesizer. The absolute peak latencies of waves I, III, and V in response to monoaural rarefaction clicks as well as the interpeak latencies I-III, III-V, and I-V in the dyslexic subjects, although increased in comparison with normal subjects, did not reach the level of a significant difference (pdyslexia according to dyslexia tests, no significant delays were found in peak latencies A and C and interpeak latencies A-C in comparison with the control group. Acoustic representation of a speech sound and, in particular, the disyllabic word 'baba

  6. Generation of Radial Laguerre-Gaussian modes with a lower threshold using a digital laser

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Bell, Teboho

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available 0 Half Ring LG1 2 Half Rings LG2 3 Half Rings LG3 11 Results: Pump threshold χ 12 Results: Output beam radius (w) as a function of the radial order p 13 Results: Slope Efficiency η Pp/P0=(2p+1)xδ0/δp 14 Conclusion  Same LGp beams with same...Zulu-Natal, Westville, Private Bag X 54001, Durban 4000, South Africa. 3Centre de Développement des Techniques Avancées, Division Milieux Ionisés et Lasers, P.O. Box 17 Baba Hassan, Algiers 16303, Algeria. 2Electrical field of Laguerre-Gaussian beams with radial...

  7. 53rd Cement Technical Conference. Expansion and contraction 1; Dai 53 kai semento gijutsu taikai. Bocho, shushuku 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shimomura, Takumi [Nagaoka University of Technology, Niigata (Japan)

    1999-08-10

    Mokuzen et al studied the relationship of gas pressure and speed constant while deriving suction speed constant from the results of suction experiments of gas molecule to minute pore wall, and discussed what changes will occur caused by different cement water ratio and ages of the cement. Baba et al reported the experiment results concerning changing of gap pressure and contraction of very initial age cement paste under dry and non-dry conditions. Yamada et al reported the experiment results concerning water motion and contraction properties inside plane plate specimens of super high strength concrete. Imori et al reported the experiment results of shearing resistance of reinforced concrete beams that have cracks pre-introduced in cross section by dry contraction or temperature stress, and discussed its calculation method. Hotta et al studied the experimental method concerning volume changing of cement paste including that before agglutination, and reported the experiment results. (NEDO)

  8. A Novel Assay for Easy and Rapid Quantification of Helicobacter pylori Adhesion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skindersoe, Mette E; Rasmussen, Lone; Andersen, Leif P

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Reducing adhesion of Helicobacter pylori to gastric epithelial cells could be a new way to counteract infections with this organism. We here present a novel method for quantification of Helicobacter pylori adhesion to cells. METHODS: Helicobacter pylori is allowed to adhere to AGS...... of the method, we demonstrate that adhesion of both a sabA and babA deletion mutant of H. pylori is significantly reduced compared to the wild type. CONCLUSION: The method offers a number of applications and may be used to compare the adherence potential of different strains of H. pylori to either cells...... or different materials or to screen for potential anti-adhesive compounds. The results presented here suggest that this easy and reproducible assay is well suited for quantitative investigation of H. pylori adhesion....

  9. İlköğretim okulu yöneticilerinin aile memnuniyetini karşılama düzeyine ilişkin veli görüşleri [Views of parents related to elementary education school administrators’ level of ensuring family satisfaction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet ÖZBAŞ

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Bu araştırmanın amacı, ilköğretim okulu yöneticilerinin aile memnuniyetini hangi yönde karşıladığını ortaya çıkarmaktır. Araştırmanın evrenini 2012-2013 öğretim yılında, Ankara ili Çankaya ilçesi Ayten-Şaban Diri İlköğretim Okulu’nda çocukları öğrenim gören 782; örneklemini ise bu evrenden seçkisiz örnekleme tekniğiyle belirlenen 264 veli oluşturmaktadır. Araştırmada kullanılan “İlköğretim Aile Memnuniyet Ölçeği” araştırmacı tarafından geliştirilmiştir. Faktör analizleri sonucu ölçeğin 4 faktörlü; faktörlerce açıklanan toplam varyansın ise % 70.252 olduğu saptanmıştır. Faktörlere göre Cronbach Alfa güvenirlik katsayılarının ise .906 ile .931 arasında değişmektedir. Araştırma bulgularına göre, araştırma sosyal çevresinde, anne ve baba öğrenim düzeyinin oldukça yüksek; baba öğreniminin, anneden hem orta hem de yükseköğretimde daha fazla olduğu saptanmıştır. Araştırma sonuçları, aile memnuniyetinin; anne-baba öğrenim düzeyi; anne-baba mesleği ve gelirine doğrudan bağlı olduğunu göstermektedir. Özellikle ebeveynin yükseköğrenim görmüş olmasının aile memnuniyet düzeyinin artışında önemli fark yarattığı ortaya çıkmıştır. Araştırma sonuçları doğrultusunda, ilköğretimin aile memnuniyetini hangi yönde karşıladığının saptanması amacıyla Türkiye çapında “aile memnuniyet araştırmalarının” desteklenmesi gerektiği önerilmiştir.

  10. Comparative Properties of Amazonian Oils Obtained by Different Extraction Methods

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cláudio Galuppo Diniz

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Pequi (Caryocar brasiliense Camb., babaçu (Orbignya phalerata Mart., buriti (Mauritia flexuosa, and passion fruit (Passiflora edulis oils were studied to determine their antibacterial, antioxidant and cytotoxic activities, as well as their total phenol and carotenoid contents. The fatty acid contents were determined by GC-MS. The three types of passion fruit oils studied were refined, cold pressed or extracted from seeds in a Soxhlet apparatus. The oils thus obtained showed differences in antioxidant activity and carotenoid content, but were similar in regard to total phenols. Buriti and pequi had the highest carotenoid contents, while refined and cold pressed passion fruit oil displayed the highest antioxidant activity. Pequi oil was the only oil to display antibacterial and cytotoxic activity.

  11. Development of an in-line monitor of the acid concentration (I). Feasibility study of ultrasonic velocity and electric conductivity measurements for an in-line monitor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kuno, T.; Sato, S.; Akito, M.; Yaguchi, K.; Kurosawa, A.

    1999-01-01

    An in-line acid-concentration monitoring method was developed for the nitric acid solution of nuclear fuel mat rials in the PUREX process with the combination of the voltammetry and the ultrasonic velocimetry. The ultrasonic method proved to be applicable to the systems of uranium solution for the acid concentration of 1 through 6 mol/dm{sup 3} in the range of the uranium concentration between 0 through 180 g/l. It was shown further valid for plutonium solution for the acid concentration of 1 through 4 mol/dm{sup 3} in the range of the plutonium concentration of 0 through 20 g/1. The electric conductivity analysis was found to be effective to measure the acid concentration in the range of 0 through 3 mol/dm{sup 3} for the uranium concentration less than 100 g/1 and the plutonium concentration less than 20 g/l. (H. Baba)

  12. Dry shrinkage characteristics of buffer materials

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Suzuki, H. [ITC, Tokai, Ibaraki (Japan); Fujita, A.

    1999-03-01

    Generation of cracks due to drying of compressed bentonite was observed by changing the initial water content to obtain shrinkage constants such as shrinkage limit and shrinking rate. As a result, generation of practically no cracks was observed when the initial water content of samples was below 13%. The volume change due to drying increased with the water content in the sample, and the shrinkage constants were found to depend on the initial water content. Further, the one-dimensional compression strength after drying was compared with that before drying in order to clarify the effect of cracks generated by drying on the mechanical strength. As a result, the dry sample with cracks proved to have large one-dimensional compression strength or E{sub 50} compared to wet samples, so that the mechanical strength was kept even after drying. (H. Baba)

  13. Return and Volatility Spillovers Among Asian Stock Markets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prashant Joshi

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The study examines the return and volatility spillover among Asian stock markets in India, Hong Kong, Japan, China, Jakarta, and Korea using a six-variable asymmetric generalized autoregressive conditional heteroscedasticity–Baba, Engle, Kraft, and Kroner (GARCH-BEKK model during February 2, 2007, to February 29, 2010. The author finds evidence of bidirectional return, shock, and volatility spillover among most of the stock markets. The magnitude of volatility linkages is low indicating weak integration of Asian stock markets. The study finds that own volatility spillover is higher than cross-market spillover. The overall persistence of stock market volatility is highest for Japan (0.931 and lowest for China (0.824. The implication of weak integration is that investors will benefit from reduction of diversifiable risk.

  14. Modeling Multivariate Volatility Processes: Theory and Evidence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jelena Z. Minovic

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available This article presents theoretical and empirical methodology for estimation and modeling of multivariate volatility processes. It surveys the model specifications and the estimation methods. Multivariate GARCH models covered are VEC (initially due to Bollerslev, Engle and Wooldridge, 1988, diagonal VEC (DVEC, BEKK (named after Baba, Engle, Kraft and Kroner, 1995, Constant Conditional Correlation Model (CCC, Bollerslev, 1990, Dynamic Conditional Correlation Model (DCC models of Tse and Tsui, 2002, and Engle, 2002. I illustrate approach by applying it to daily data from the Belgrade stock exchange, I examine two pairs of daily log returns for stocks and index, report the results obtained, and compare them with the restricted version of BEKK, DVEC and CCC representations. The methods for estimation parameters used are maximum log-likehood (in BEKK and DVEC models and twostep approach (in CCC model.

  15. Ten Things You Should Know about the Dynamic Conditional Correlation Representation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Massimiliano Caporin

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the paper is to discuss ten things potential users should know about the limits of the Dynamic Conditional Correlation (DCC representation for estimating and forecasting time-varying conditional correlations. The reasons given for caution about the use of DCC include the following: DCC represents the dynamic conditional covariances of the standardized residuals, and hence does not yield dynamic conditional correlations; DCC is stated rather than derived; DCC has no moments; DCC does not have testable regularity conditions; DCC yields inconsistent two step estimators; DCC has no asymptotic properties; DCC is not a special case of Generalized Autoregressive Conditional Correlation (GARCC, which has testable regularity conditions and standard asymptotic properties; DCC is not dynamic empirically as the effect of news is typically extremely small; DCC cannot be distinguished empirically from diagonal Baba, Engle, Kraft and Kroner (BEKK in small systems; and DCC may be a useful filter or a diagnostic check, but it is not a model.

  16. Dynamic force spectroscopy of the Helicobacter pylori BabA-Lewis b binding.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Björnham, Oscar; Bugaytsova, Jeanna; Borén, Thomas; Schedin, Staffan

    2009-07-01

    The binding strength of the Helicobacter pylori adhesin-receptor complex BabA-ABO/Lewis b has been analyzed by means of dynamic force spectroscopy. High-resolution measurements of rupture forces were performed in situ on single bacterial cells, expressing the high-affinity binding BabA adhesin, by the use of force measuring optical tweezers. The resulting force spectra revealed the mechanical properties of a single BabA-Leb bond. It was found that the bond is dominated by one single energy barrier and that it is a slip-bond. The bond length and thermal off-rate were assessed to be 0.86+/-0.07 nm and 0.015+/-0.006 s(-1), respectively.

  17. Measurement of water transfer and swelling stress in the buffer material due to temperature gradient

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Suzuki, H. [ITC, Tokai, Ibaraki (Japan); Chijimatsu, M.; Fujita, A.

    1999-03-01

    Coefficients concerning the water transfer in the buffer material was obtained by empirically giving a temperature gradient, and the swelling stress was measured when water was soaked in the sample under the uniform temperature and temperature gradient conditions. The distributions of temperature and water in the buffer material empirically given a temperature gradient were measured to deduce water diffusion constant due to the temperature gradient. The diffusion constant was the order of 10{sup -8} cm{sup 2}/s/degC. As a result of a equitemperature soaking test, it was found that the swelling stress of the part where soaktion was slow was greater than that of the part with fast soaking at a stage of non-uniform water distribution. The water soaking quantity to the sample and swelling stress reached a stationary state after 7000 hours and the water distribution in the whole sample was found saturated. (H. Baba)

  18. Oxygen partial pressure of UO{sub 2}, PuO{sub 2}, and MOX fuels

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nagai, Shuichiro

    1999-07-01

    Observed data of oxygen partial pressure were compiled and evaluated for UO{sub 2}, PuO{sub 2}, and MOX fuels to construct the code 'GO2MOX' analyzing the oxygen partial pressure on the basis of the Blackburn model. The resulting code turned out to fail in explaining the composition dependence of oxygen pressure in the uranium-plutonium system. The Blackburn model was then modified by simply introducing a scaling factor into the equilibrium constant of the chemical equilibrium between U{sup 6+} and U{sup 4+}. An improved code based on the modified Blackburn model proved to reproduce satisfactorily observed data for the oxygen partial pressure. (H. Baba)

  19. A questão da memória nos fotógrafos ficcionais de Italo Calvino, Adolfo Bioy Casares e Julio Cortázar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carolina Martins Etcheverry

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo propõe a análise de três contos que envolvem questões de memória e fotografia:“As aventuras de um fotógrafo” (1955, de Italo Calvino, “As babas do diabo” (1959, de Julio Cortázar e “A invenção de Morel” (1963, de Adolfo Bioy Casares, a fim de refletir sobre as relações entre a fotografia, a memória e o comportamento social do fotógrafo enquanto fotógrafo. Em todos esses casos, a fotografia (ou a reprodução do “real” vividoaparece em sua relação com a memória como evocadora do passado.

  20. Thermophysical tests of buffer materials

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Suzuki, H. [ITC, Tokyo (Japan); Taniguchi, Wataru

    1999-03-01

    Thermodynamic properties of buffer materials were measured for putting in order thermodynamic constants to be used in the near-field thermal analysis. The thermal diffusivity and thermal conductivity were measured as functions of the water content and temperature to deduce the specific heat. The thermal conductivity and specific heat varied significantly as the water content changed. Obtained values of the specific heat agreed well the expected values calculated based on the constituents of the buffer material. Temperature dependence of the thermodynamic constants was found small below 90degC. From the findings, the thermal conductivity and specific heat of the buffer material were formulated as functions of the water content. Thermodynamic study of powdery bentonite was carried out as well with a purpose of use for filling apertures in the artificial barrier. (H. Baba)

  1. The Suitability of Adaptive Reuse Practices on Historic Residential Buildings to National Memorials

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nor Syahila Ab Rashid

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available In order to prolong the life of the old buildings in the country through building conservation practices, there is a tendency by the government to acquire and reuse Malaysian leadership figures’ residential buildings as memorials. However, it raises the question of whether there is any adaptive reuse guidelines to reuse historic residential buildings in Malaysia as national memorials in maintaining those buildings as an exhibition space on the history of their leadership. The absence of guidelines raises questions about how to implement the process accordingly. The objective of this research is to find the best formula for reusing historic residential buildings as national memorials based on that issue by reviewing and identify the principles of adaptive reuse practices of historic residential buildings as national memorials that implemented in Malaysia. The case studies were conducted on three samples of historic residential buildings that reused as national memorials and those buildings were selected based on a list of the study population, which are Rumah Kelahiran Tun Dr. Mahathir Mohamad (The Birthplace of Tun Dr. Mahathir Mohamad, Rumah Merdeka (Freedom House and Memorial Tun Abdul Ghafar Baba (The Tun Abdul Ghafar Baba Memorial. The sample may be determined by the sampling method and evaluated using the checklist provided. Based on the results of the case studies that were analyzed and discussed, it can be concluded that aspects of building code (local requirements as well as environmental and conservation requirements are not met in implementing adaptive reuse process on historic residential buildings to national memorials which needs suggestions for improvement.

  2. Antiadhesive Properties of Abelmoschus esculentus (Okra) Immature Fruit Extract against Helicobacter pylori Adhesion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shevtsova, Anna; Glocker, Erik; Borén, Thomas; Hensel, Andreas

    2014-01-01

    Background Traditional Asian and African medicine use immature okra fruits (Abelmoschus esculentus) as mucilaginous food to combat gastritis. Its effectiveness is due to polysaccharides that inhibit the adhesion of Helicobacter pylori to stomach tissue. The present study investigates the antiadhesive effect in mechanistic detail. Methodology A standardized aqueous fresh extract (Okra FE) from immature okra fruits was used for a quantitative in vitro adhesion assay with FITC-labled H. pylori J99, 2 clinical isolates, AGS cells, and fluorescence-activated cell sorting. Bacterial adhesins affected by FE were pinpointed using a dot-blot overlay assay with immobilized Lewisb, sialyl-Lewisa, H-1, laminin, and fibronectin. 125I-radiolabeled Okra FE polymer served for binding studies to different H. pylori strains and interaction experiments with BabA and SabA. Iron nanoparticles with different coatings were used to investigate the influence of the charge-dependence of an interaction on the H. pylori surface. Principal findings Okra FE dose-dependently (0.2 to 2 mg/mL) inhibited H. pylori binding to AGS cells. FE inhibited the adhesive binding of membrane proteins BabA, SabA, and HpA to its specific ligands. Radiolabeled compounds from FE bound non-specifically to different strains of H. pylori, as well as to BabA/SabA deficient mutants, indicating an interaction with a still-unknown membrane structure in the vicinity of the adhesins. The binding depended on the charge of the inhibitors. Okra FE did not lead to subsequent feedback regulation or increased expression of adhesins or virulence factors. Conclusion Non-specific interactions between high molecular compounds from okra fruits and the H. pylori surface lead to strong antiadhesive effects. PMID:24416297

  3. Helicobacter pylori adhesion to gastric epithelial cells is mediated by glycan receptors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Magalhães

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Helicobacter pylori adhesion to gastric epithelial cells constitutes a key step in the establishment of a successful infection of the gastric mucosa. The high representation of outer membrane proteins in the bacterial genome suggests the relevance of those proteins in the establishment of profitable interactions with the host gastric cells. Gastric epithelial cells are protected by a mucous layer gel, mainly consisting of the MUC5AC and MUC6 mucins. In addition to this protective role, mucins harbor glycan-rich domains that constitute preferential binding sites of many pathogens. In this article we review the main players in the process of H. pylori adhesion to gastric epithelial cells, which contribute decisively to the high prevalence and chronicity of H. pylori infection. The BabA adhesin recognizes both H-type 1 and Lewis b blood-group antigens expressed on normal gastric mucosa of secretor individuals, contributing to the initial steps of infection. Upon colonization, persistent infection induces an inflammatory response with concomitant expression of sialylated antigens. The SabA adhesin mediates H. pylori binding to inflamed gastric mucosa by recognizing sialyl-Lewis a and sialyl-Lewis x antigens. The expression of the BabA and SabA adhesins is tightly regulated, permitting the bacteria to rapidly adapt to the changes of glycosylation of the host gastric mucosa that occur during infection, as well as to escape from the inflammatory response. The growing knowledge of the interactions between the bacterial adhesins and the host receptors will contribute to the design of alternative strategies for eradication of the infection.

  4. Desempenho agronômico de alface orgânica influenciado pelo sombreamento, época de plantio e preparo do solo no Acre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eliana Mara Napoli Correia de Paula da Silva

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o desempenho agronômico do cultivo de alface orgânica sob diferentes níveis de sombreamento, épocas de plantio e preparo do solo, no Acre. Para cada cultivar de alface avaliada, lisa (Baba de Verão e crespa (Vera, foram instalados quatro experimentos em ambientes com níveis distintos de sombreamento (casa de vegetação, 35%; tela, 50%; latada de maracujazeiro, 52%; e a pleno sol, em duas épocas de plantio (estiagem e chuvosa. Utilizou-se o delineamento de blocos ao acaso, com três métodos de preparo do solo (plantio direto, cultivo mínimo e preparo convencional e quatro repetições. O cultivo em casa de vegetação proporciona maior massa de matéria fresca e produtividade de alface 'Vera', e desempenho similar ao observado sob tela de sombreamento, com preparo mínimo do solo, para as duas épocas de plantio avaliadas. O cultivo a pleno sol, em plantio direto, proporciona maior massa de matéria fresca e produtividade de alface 'Vera', para o período de estiagem. A massa de matéria seca da parte aérea das cultivares Baba de Verão e Vera é maior em cultivo em casa de vegetação, seguida do cultivo sob tela de sombreamento.

  5. Ocorrência e potencial biotecnológico de leveduras associadas aos frutos de Attalea speciosa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stella Costa Santos do Vale

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available O Babaçu (Attalea speciosa Mart ex. Spreng, é uma palmeira oleaginosa pertencente à família Arecaceae, das partes que compõem o fruto do babaçu, 15% do peso total do fruto correspondem ao epicarpo; 20% ao mesocarpo e 58% ao endocarpo (incluindo as amêndoas, sendo a amêndoa sua componente mais utilizada. Às leveduras estão intimamente associadas a uma grande variedade de insetos e de plantas. Dentre todos os órgãos dos vegetais em que há registro da existência de leveduras, os frutos representam importantes micro-habitats naturais para uma diversidade significativa de espécies de leveduras. O objetivo de este trabalho foi isolar e testar as habilidades enzimáticas de linhagens de leveduras associadas as amêndoas de Orbignya speciosa, e seu possível potencial biotecnológico para utilização com fins industriais. Foram realizadas 10 coletas, com sete dias de intervalo entre cada uma, durante 3 meses, onde foram obtidos 15 amêndoas por coleta. Foram isoladas 84 linhagens de leveduras. Atividade enzimática foi avaliada e dentre as oitenta e quatro linhagens de leveduras testadas quanto a capacidades de hidrolisar a caseína em meio protease, 26,04 % apresentaram potencial enzimático em pH ácido, 31,92% em pH neutro e 28,56% em pH alcalino, demonstrando potencial enzimático em diferentes pHs.A atividade lipolítica também foi satisfatória onde, sessenta e duas linhagens produtores de lipases podem ter uso potencial para testes de emprego comercial de lipases microbianas. Já a atividade celulolítica foi mais limitada, apenas dezenove linhagens se mostraram degradantes de celulose.

  6. Antiadhesive properties of Abelmoschus esculentus (Okra) immature fruit extract against Helicobacter pylori adhesion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Messing, Jutta; Thöle, Christian; Niehues, Michael; Shevtsova, Anna; Glocker, Erik; Borén, Thomas; Hensel, Andreas

    2014-01-01

    Traditional Asian and African medicine use immature okra fruits (Abelmoschus esculentus) as mucilaginous food to combat gastritis. Its effectiveness is due to polysaccharides that inhibit the adhesion of Helicobacter pylori to stomach tissue. The present study investigates the antiadhesive effect in mechanistic detail. A standardized aqueous fresh extract (Okra FE) from immature okra fruits was used for a quantitative in vitro adhesion assay with FITC-labled H. pylori J99, 2 clinical isolates, AGS cells, and fluorescence-activated cell sorting. Bacterial adhesins affected by FE were pinpointed using a dot-blot overlay assay with immobilized Lewis(b), sialyl-Lewis(a), H-1, laminin, and fibronectin. (125)I-radiolabeled Okra FE polymer served for binding studies to different H. pylori strains and interaction experiments with BabA and SabA. Iron nanoparticles with different coatings were used to investigate the influence of the charge-dependence of an interaction on the H. pylori surface. Okra FE dose-dependently (0.2 to 2 mg/mL) inhibited H. pylori binding to AGS cells. FE inhibited the adhesive binding of membrane proteins BabA, SabA, and HpA to its specific ligands. Radiolabeled compounds from FE bound non-specifically to different strains of H. pylori, as well as to BabA/SabA deficient mutants, indicating an interaction with a still-unknown membrane structure in the vicinity of the adhesins. The binding depended on the charge of the inhibitors. Okra FE did not lead to subsequent feedback regulation or increased expression of adhesins or virulence factors. Non-specific interactions between high molecular compounds from okra fruits and the H. pylori surface lead to strong antiadhesive effects.

  7. Virulence factors and antibiotic resistance in children with Helicobacter pylori gastritis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karabiber, Hamza; Selimoglu, Mukadder A; Otlu, Baris; Yildirim, Ozge; Ozer, Ali

    2014-05-01

    There are limited data regarding the pattern of Helicobacter pylori (Hp) antibiotic resistance and virulence factors in children. Evaluation of prevalence of drug resistance and virulence-factor genotype in children with Hp gastritis and to investigate whether there is any relation between drug resistance and genotype were our aims in this study. Ninety-eight children with polymerase chain reaction-positive Hp gastritis were included. Antimicrobial susceptibility was tested by disc diffusion method and polymerase chain reaction assays were used for the determination of virulence factors. The resistance rates to clarithromycin, metronidazole, and amoxicillin were 23.5%, 11.7%, and 3.9%, respectively. All strains carried vacA genotype, and 51%, 70.4%, 49%, 34.7%, and 25.5% were cagA-, cagE-, babA2-, iceA1-, and iceA2-positive, respectively. Of those 98 specimens, 81.6%, 19.4%, 38.8%, and 63.3% carried vacAs1, vacAs2, vacAm1, and vacAm2, respectively. Dominant vacA type was s1am2 (32.7%), followed by s1am1 (14.3%) and s2m2 (12.2%). Significant rates of clarithromycin resistance were observed in cagE-, iceA1-, babA2-, and vacAs1c-positive groups. In those with metronidazole resistance, vacAs1 and vacAs1c were more common (P < 0.05). The cagE-positive and vacA s1a/m2 genotypes, which are correlated with increased antibiotic resistance, were predominant in our population. In countries where Hp infection is prevalent, studies focusing on virulence factors and antibiotic susceptibility may provide anticipation of the prognosis and may be helpful to reduce morbidity and mortality.

  8. Preparing to fight back: Generation and storage of priming compounds.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victoria ePastor

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Immune-stimulated plants are able to respond more rapidly and adequately to various biotic stresses allowing them to efficiently combat an infection. During the priming phase, plant are stimulated in absence of a challenge, and can accumulate and store conjugates or precursors of molecules as well as other compounds that play a role in defense. These molecules can be released during the defensive phase following stress. These metabolites can also participate in the first stages of the stress perception. Here, we report the metabolic changes occuring in primed plants during the priming phase. β-aminobutyric acid (BABA causes a boost of the primary metabolism through the tricarboxylic acids (TCA such as citrate, fumarate, (S-malate and 2-oxoglutarate, and the potentiation of phenylpropanoid biosynthesis and the octodecanoic pathway. On the contrary, Pseudomonas syringae pv tomato (PstAvrRpt2 represses the same pathways. Both systems used to prime plants share some common signals like the changes in the synthesis of amino acids and the production of SA and its glycosides, as well as IAA. Interestingly, a product of the purine catabolism, xanthosine, was found to accumulate following both BABA- and PstAvrRpt2-treatement. The compounds that are strongly affected in this stage are called priming compounds, since their effect on the metabolism of the plant is to induce the production of primed compounds that will help to combat the stress. At the same time, additional identified metabolites suggest the possible defense pathways that plants are using to get ready for the battle.

  9. The Deep Carbon Cycle and CO2 Sequestration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Filipovitch, N. B.; Mao, W. L.; Chou, I.; Mu, K.

    2009-12-01

    .G., Gormley, Deirdre, Nunez, Ryan, Carpenter, R.W., Squires, Kyle, Wolf, George, 2006, Carbon Sequestration via Aqueous Olivine Mineral Carbonation: Role of Passivating Layer Formation, Environ. Sci. Technol., Vol. 40, pp 4802-4808 3. Wolf, George H., Chizmeshya, Andrew V. G., Diefenbacher, Jason, McKelvy, Michael J., 2004, In Situ Observation of CO2 Sequestration Reactions Using a Novel Microreaction System, Environmental Science & Technology, Vol.38, No.3, pp 932-936 4. O’Connor, W. K., Dahlin, D. C., Nilsen, D.N., Rush, G.E., Walters, R.P., and Turner, P. C., 2000, “CO2 Storage in Solid Form: A Study of Direct Mineral Carbonation,” Proc. of the 5th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Technologies, Cairns, Australia, August 14-18, pp. 1-7 5. Isshiki, Maiko, Irifune, Tetsuo, Hirose, Kei, Ono, Shigeaki, Ohishi, Yasuo, Watanuki, Tetsu, Nishibori, Eiji, Takata, Masaki, Sakata, Makoto, 2004, Stability of magnesite and its high-pressure form in the lowermost mantle, Nature, Vol. 427, pp. 60-63 6. Kawano, Jun, Miyake, Akira, Shimobayashi, Norimasa, Kitamura, Masao, 2009, Molecular dynamics simulation of the phase transition between calcite and CaCO3-II , Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, Vol. 21, pp. 1-11

  10. Study design and patient recruitment for the Japan Polyp Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sano Y

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Yasushi Sano,1,2 Takahiro Fujii,3,4 Takahisa Matsuda,3 Yasushi Oda,5,6 Shin'ei Kudo,7 Masahiro Igarashi,8 Hiroyasu Iishi,9 Kazuhiro Kaneko,1,10 Kinichi Hotta,3,11,12 Nozomu Kobayashi,3,13 Yuichiro Yamaguchi,12 Kiyonori Kobayashi,8 Hideki Ishikawa,14 Yoshitaka Murakami,15 Tadakazu Shimoda,16 Takahiro Fujimori,17 Yoichi Ajioka,18 Hirokazu Taniguchi,16 Hiroaki Ikematsu,1,3 Kazuo Konishi,10 Yutaka Saito,3 Shigeaki Yoshida1,19 1Department of Gastroenterology, Endoscopy Division, National Cancer Center Hospital East, Kashiwa, 2Gastrointestinal Center and Institute of Minimally Invasive Endoscopic Care (iMEC, Sano Hospital, Kobe, 3Endoscopy Division, National Cancer Center Hospital, Tokyo, 4Takahiro Fujii Clinic, Tokyo, 5Hattori GI Endoscopy and Gastroenterology Clinic, Kumamoto, 6Oda GI Endoscopy and Gastroenterology Clinic, Kumamoto, 7Digestive Disease Center, Showa University Northern Yokohama Hospital, Yokohama, 8Department of Gastroenterology, Kitasato University East Hospital, Sagamihara, 9Department of Gastrointestinal Oncology, Osaka Medical Center for Cancer and Cardiovascular Diseases, Osaka, 10Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, Showa University School of Medicine, Tokyo, 11Department of Gastroenterology, Saku Central Hospital, Saku, 12Division of Endoscopy, Shizuoka Cancer Center, Mishima, 13Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Tochigi Cancer Center, Utsunomiya, 14Department of Molecular-Targeting Cancer Prevention, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto, 15Department of Medical Statistics, Shiga University of Medical Science, Otsu, 16Pathology and Clinical Laboratory Division, National Cancer Center Hospital, Tokyo, 17Department of Surgical and Molecular Pathology, Dokkyo Medical University School of Medicine, Mibu, 18Division of Molecular and Diagnostic Pathology, Niigata University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Niigata, 19Aomori Prefectural Hospital, Aomori

  11. Clinical outcomes of endoscope-assisted vitrectomy for treatment of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yokoyama S

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Sho Yokoyama,1 Takashi Kojima,2 Toshio Mori,3 Taisuke Matsuda,1 Hiroyuki Sato,3 Norihiko Yoshida,4 Tatsushi Kaga,1 R Theodore Smith,5 Kazuo Ichikawa6 1Department of Ophthalmology, Japan Community Healthcare Organization Chukyo Hospital, Nagoya, Japan; 2Department of Ophthalmology, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan; 3Department of Ophthalmology, Iida Municipal Hospital, Iida, Japan; 4Department of Ophthalmology, Japanese Red Cross Gifu Hospital, Gifu, Japan; 5Department of Ophthalmology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA; 6Chukyo Eye Clinic, Nagoya, Japan Summary: We evaluated the clinical outcomes for ophthalmic endoscope-assisted vitrectomy in consecutive patients with uncomplicated rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD. The primary success rate was 98.4% (125/127 without performing a posterior drainage retinotomy or using perfluorocarbon liquids (PFCL for subretinal fluid drainage.Purpose: To investigate the clinical outcomes of endoscope-assisted vitrectomy in patients with uncomplicated RRD.Methods: We examined 127 eyes from consecutive patients who underwent repair of RRD by 23- or 25-gauge endoscope-assisted vitrectomy, with a minimum follow-up of 3 months. Eyes with the following criteria were excluded: Giant retinal tears, grade C proliferative vitreoretinopathy, dense vitreous hemorrhage, retinal detachment secondary to other ocular diseases, and prior retinal or vitreous surgery. All cases underwent subretinal fluid drainage, endolaser photocoagulation and fundus inspection were performed under ophthalmic endoscopic observation. Success rate, visual acuity, surgery time and complications were evaluated.Results: Primary and final success rate was 98.4% (125/127 and 100% (127/127, respectively, Surgery time was 59.6±26.3 minutes. The best-corrected visual acuity significantly improved from 20/100 to 20/20 (P<0.0001. There were 2 cases (1.6% of creation of a peripheral drainage retinotomy and 4

  12. Long-term effect of galantamine on cognitive function in patients with Alzheimer’s disease versus a simulated disease trajectory: an observational study in the clinical setting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nakagawa R

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Ryoko Nakagawa,1 Takashi Ohnishi,1 Hisanori Kobayashi,1 Toshio Yamaoka,2 Tsutomu Yajima,3 Ai Tanimura,4 Toshiya Kato,4 Kazutake Yoshizawa1 1Evidence Generation Department, Medical Affairs Division, 2Clinical Data Management Department, R&D Division, 3Biostatistics Department, Quantitative Science Division, 4Drug Surveillance Department, R&D Division, Janssen Pharmaceutical K.K., Tokyo, Japan Background: Long-term maintenance of cognitive function is an important goal of treatment for Alzheimer’s disease (AD, but evidence about the long-term efficacy of cholinesterase inhibitors is sparse. To evaluate the long-term efficacy and safety of galantamine for AD in routine clinical practice, we conducted a 72-week post-marketing surveillance study. The effect of galantamine on cognitive function was estimated in comparison with a simulated disease trajectory. Patients and methods: Patients with mild-to-moderate AD received flexible dosing of galantamine (16–24 mg/day during this study. Cognitive function was assessed by the mini mental state examination (MMSE and the clinical status was determined by the Clinical Global Impression-Improvement (CGI-I. Changes of the MMSE score without treatment were estimated in each patient using Mendiondo’s model. Generalized linear mixed model analysis was performed to compare the simulated MMSE scores with the actual scores. Results: Of the 661 patients who were enrolled, 642 were evaluable for safety and 554 were assessed for efficacy. The discontinuation rate was 46.73%. Cognitive decline indicated by the mean change of actual MMSE scores was significantly smaller than the simulated decline. Individual analysis demonstrated that >70% of patients had better actual MMSE scores than their simulated scores. Significant improvement of CGI-I was also observed during the observation period. Adverse events occurred in 28.5% of patients and were serious in 8.41%. The reported events generally corresponded with the

  13. The social functional outcome of being naturalistically treated with paliperidone extended-release in patients with schizophrenia

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    Nakagawa R

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Ryoko Nakagawa,1 Takashi Ohnishi,1 Hisanori Kobayashi,1 Akihide Wakamatsu,2 Ai Tanimura,3 Kazuo Morita,3 Toshio Yamaoka,3 Hideo Usui,3 Yoshimasa Ogawa,3 Akiko Fujino,3 Kazutake Yoshizawa11Evidence Generation Department, Medical Affairs Division, 2Medical Affairs Strategy Department, Medical Affairs Division, 3Drug Safety Surveillance Department, Japan Safety and Surveillance Division, Janssen Pharmaceutical K.K., Tokyo, JapanBackground: Social functioning is an important outcome for patients with schizophrenia. To evaluate the effects of paliperidone extended-release (PAL-ER on social function, symptomatology, and safety in the routine clinical practice, we conducted a 1-year post-marketing surveillance study of PAL-ER. We also explored relationships between symptomatic improvement and socially functional outcome in patients with schizophrenia.Patients and methods: Patients with an established diagnosis of schizophrenia were allowed flexible 3–12 mg/day dosing during the surveillance. Patients were assessed on social functioning using the Social and Occupational Functioning Assessment Scale (SOFAS and on symptomatology using the Clinical Global Impression–Schizophrenia scale. All adverse events (AEs were also collected.Results: A total of 1,429 patients were enrolled in the surveillance study, of whom 1,405 were evaluable for safety and 1,142 were evaluable for efficacy. The treatment discontinuation rate for any reason during the observation period was 34.66%. Significant improvements were observed on both Social and Occupational Functioning Assessment Scale and Clinical Global Impression–Schizophrenia scale during the observation period. The percentage of patients with socially functional remission (SOFAS ≥61 also increased significantly. A significant association between early improvements in positive symptoms, sex, severity of negative symptoms at baseline, and socially functional remission was observed. A total of 33.52% of patients

  14. Numerical computation of gravitational field of general extended body and its application to rotation curve study of galaxies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fukushima, Toshio

    2017-06-01

    mass density distribution. Fortran 90 subroutines to execute these methods and their test programs and sample outputs are available from the author's WEB site: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Toshio_Fukushima/

  15. [JSPS Asian core program on cutting-edge organic chemistry in Asia].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Isobe, Minoru; Nishikawa, Toshio

    2009-04-01

    The vision to establish this program was to establish and extend cooperative research efforts beyond the intraregional boundaries. The Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) has taken an initiative to support an Asian Core Program, which aims to create world-class research hubs within the Asian region and foster the development of the next generation of leading researchers by establishing sustainable collaborative relations among research and educational institutions in Asian countries. Nagoya University strongly supports and is the Core University of this program with Minoru Isobe and Toshio Nishikawa serving as the coordinator. Representing their respective countries/regions, Guo-Qiang Lin and Zhu-Jun Yao (China, Shanghai), Sunggak Kim and Kwan-Soo Kim (Korea), Somsak Ruchirawat (Thailand), and Chun-Chen Liao and Biing-Jiun Uang (China, Taipei) share in the vision to enhance collaborative efforts. As coordinators they have invited many cooperative universities/institutes in their home countries/regions to start the network since 2005. Singapore (Tech-Peng Loh) has joined lately, and Hong Kong is represented by Henry Wong. All cooperating regions also agreed to support this program by acquiring matching funds for the duration of the program, that is, until March 2010. This program is jointly supported by the JSPS (Japan), the NNSFC (China, Beijing), the NSCT (China, Taipei), the KOSEF/CMDS (Korea), the NRCT/CRI (Thailand), and the IUPAC for an East Asian Network Task group project. Pauline Chiu takes the general secretary work. The initiation of the Asian Core Program and the Inauguration Conference (The 0th International Conference on Cutting-Edge Organic Chemistry in Asia; ICCEOCA-0) was held in Nagoya (2006. 3), which was followed by ICCEOCA-1 in Okinawa, Japan (2006. 10), ICCEOCA-2 in Busan, Korea (2007. 9), ICCEOCA-3 in Hangzhou, China (2008. 10). A post symposium of ICCEOCA-1 was held in Hsinchu, Taiwan (2006. 10), and a satellite symposium of

  16. Metodología para el Escalamiento de Agitadores Mecánicos Utilizados en Procesos con Fluidos No-Newtonianos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oliveros T. Carlos E.

    1997-06-01

    Full Text Available Se determinó experimentalmente la tasa promedia de cortante (TCP generada por dos rotores utilizados para el desmucilaginado mecánico del café en Colombia: El CENICAFE III y El COLMECANO. Los valores experimentales de TCP fueron comparados con datos estimados con un modelo teórico obtenido asumiendo que el campo de flujo generado por el rotor se asemeja al flujo tipo Couette (TCP y un modelo propuesto por Oliveros (1993,1995. Se utilizó la prueba de X^2 (con 5% de significancia para comparar los valores experimentales y teóricos y se observó que hay diferencias entre ellos. A partir del modelo TCP se obtuvo una expresión semiteórica para estimar la TCP generada por el rotor COLMECANO con alta con fiabilidad (r^2 = 0.982. A una misma velocidad de rotación el agitador COLMECANO genera mayores valores de TCP que el rotor CENICAFE 1/1. luego debe generar mayores tasas de desmucilaginado. La potencia requerida para agitar suspensiones de café en baba-mucílago+agua adicionada (1 L/kg de cps. en el rango de 300 a l. 200 rpm, utilizando los rotores CENICAFE III y COLMECANO, fué medida experimentalmente y estimada teóricamente con dos modelos: el modelo propuesto por Oliveros (1993.1995 Y un modelo obtenido asumiendo que el campo de flujo generado por los rotores es del tipo Couette (modelo pc. Los valores experimentales y estimados fueron comparados por medio de la prueba de X^2 (al 5% de significancia observándose diferencias entre ellos. Mediante un análisis de regresión lineal simple aplicado a los valores obtenidos con el modelo pe se obtuvo una expresión semi-teórica la cual permite estimar con alta confiabilidad la potencia para agitar las suspensiones de café en baba-mucílago+agua (r^2 = 0,982 con el rotor COLMECANO. A una misma velocidad de rotación, el rotor COLMECANO requiere menos potencia que el CENICAFE III para agitar suspensiones de café en baba-mucílago+agua (1 litro de agua/kg de cps. Se utilizó el concepto

  17. Estudo da fauna de triatomíneos e da ocorrência de doença de Chagas em Monte Negro, Rondônia, Brasil Study of the triatomine fauna and occurrence of Chagas disease in Monte Negro, Rondonia, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Débora Cristina Massaro

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available A doença de Chagas tem como agente etiológico o Trypanossoma cruzi, um protozoário flagelado que pode ser encontrado numa grande variedade de mamíferos e triatomíneos. O Estado de Rondônia, localizado na Amazônia Ocidental, possui um meio ambiente constantemente modificado pelas ações transformadoras do ser humano, resultando em um desequilíbrio, que pode facilitar a transmissão de inúmeros patógenos. Uma grande variedade e quantidade de palmáceas, em especial o babaçu, bem como mamíferos e triatomíneos, podem ser encontrados neste complexo ecossistema. Nesta pesquisa, a fauna de triatomíneos foi identificada em 225 babaçus e por meio de capturas peri e intradomiciliares. Foi realizado, concomitantemente, estudo de soroprevalência para doença de Chagas e a identificação da presença de T.cruzi no trato digestivo dos triatomíneos. Positividade ao T. cruzi foi verificada em 23,7% dos 652 triatomíneos coletados nos babaçus. Estes triatomíneos pertenciam ao gênero Rhodnius e foram classificados em 4 espécies: R. robustus, R. prolixus, R. pictipes e R. milesi. Nas capturas intradomiciliares, dez espécimes do Rhodnius robustus e uma de Panstrongylus geniculattus foram encontrados, sendo que 3% da população foi positiva para doença de Chagas. Na área pesquisada, há potencial de transmissão da doença de Chagas na forma endêmica devido a grande quantidade de triatomíneos, bem como alta freqüência de infecção destes triatomíneos, porém no momento deste estudo não se evidenciou a ocorrência da transmissão.Trypanosoma cruzi is the etiologic agent of Chagas disease. It is a flagellate protozoan that can be found in a large variety of mammals and triatomines. The biodiversity of the state of Rondonia, located in the Western Amazon, is constantly modified by man's transforming actions, which results in an unbalance that can facilitate the transmission of many pathogens. A great variety and quantity of native

  18. Bir Zarif Âşık: Rusçuklu Zarîfî Ve Dîvânı An Elegant Lover: Ruscuklu Zarifi And His Divan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hüseyin GÖNEL

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Zarîfî, who is mentioned as Zarîfî Baba, Zarîfî Ömer Efendi, ZarîfîBaba Ömer Efendi, Şeyh Ömer Zarîfî Efendi, Ömer Baba in the sources,was a 18th century Divan poet. In the history of literature, there are sixmore poets other than Zarifi who used the same nickname. Five of themlived before him while one of them is his contemporary. He was born inRuse (Pyce, within the borders of Bulgaria today, and died in 1795 inthe same place. As a Sheikh of the Sa‘diye cult he wrote ârifane poems.Zarîfî, who is also known as a Pendnâme poet, is recorded in biographicsources to have a Divan. However, it was believed either to havedefeated by time or lost. As a result of our researches, we discoveredthat the writing with the T 3863 registration number in IstanbulUniversity Library is actually the Divan of Ruscuklu Zarîfî. Although thepoet himself is a calligrapher, the so-called edition is not his owncalligraphy. The Divan, copied by Es-Seyyid İbrahim el-Rodosî is a rearrangedone. However, it does not contain all the components of a wellstructuredDivan. There are 31 poems in the first part which we callKaside, and there are 536 poems in the Gazels section. The Kasides areaddressed to God, the Prophets and the Saints. There are no poemsaddressing to any statesmen. There are poems in each letter in thealphabet from aleph ( ا to the last letter of the Arabic alphabet ‘y’( .(ىThere are five types of verses in Divan such as Mesnevi, Kaside, Gazel,Murabba and Muhammes. Although Zarîfî's poems are mainly Sufistic,the reflections of classical and hikemi style are also visible. The poet,who uses a simple and comprehensible language, also employs idiomsand proverbs in his works. The reflections of Pendnâme style are alsoevident in his works. The Divan was prepared for publication and itcame to light by being introduced broadly in this article. The life andliterary biography of Zarîfî, about whom there are very limited language

  19. GERAÇÃO DE RENDA PARA O DESENVOLVIMENTO SUSTENTÁVEL EM COMUNIDADES TRADICIONAIS DA REGIÃO AMAZÔNICA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iracema Pinto de Souza

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available A sustentabilidade de uma atividade econômica está associada à aceitação cultural, viabilidade econômica, justiça social e ao ecologicamente correto. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a situação social da comunidade de Axixá do Tocantins, TO, Brasil, e seu potencial de gerar renda para propor uma atividade sustentável. As “quebradeiras de coco”, grupo de cultura local, apresenta uma situação social precária. Elas catam frutos do babaçu (Orbignya spp. da região e retiram suas amêndoas com auxílio de machado e bastão de madeira. As amêndoas são torradas em chapas metálicas aquecidas, trituradas em pilão e cozidas em água para liberação do óleo. O óleo desprendido sobrenada e é retirado após o resfriamento do caldeirão, sendo comercializado a baixo custo no local. No entanto, um bom potencial de aumentar a renda de vários desses moradores é possível por meio da transferência de tecnologia de extração do óleo por prensagem a frio de babaçu, com o devido respeito àquela realidade sociocultural. Nesse sentido, uma ação de política pública afirmativa para instalação de uma microindústria química pode recuperar o investimento em cerca de três anos, considerando a produção de óleo extravirgem e condições mais favoráveis de sua comercialização, o que também garantirá a manutenção das matas desta palmeira.

  20. EDITORIAL: Nanotechnology in motion Nanotechnology in motion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demming, Anna

    2012-02-01

    Microscopes provide tools of inimitable value for probing the building blocks of the world around us. The identity of the inventor of the first microscope remains under debate, but a name unequivocally linked with early developments in microscopy is Robert Hooke. His Micrographia published in 1665, was the first ever bestseller in science and brought topics in microscopy to the broader public eye with pages of detailed micrographs, most famously the fly's eye and plant cells. Since the first microscopes in the late 16th century, ingenious alternatives to the original optical microscopes have been developed to create images of the world at ever smaller dimensions. Innovations include scanning probe techniques such as the atomic force microscope [1]. As Toshio Ando describes in a review in this issue [2], these devices have also entered a new era in the past decade with the development of high-speed atomic force microscopy. Now, we can not only see the nanoscale components that make up the world around us, but we can watch them at work. One of the first innovations in optical microscopy was the use of dyes. This principle first came into practice with the use of ultraviolet light to reveal previously indistinguishable features. As explained by a researcher in the early 1930s, 'It is obvious that if the dyes used for selective staining in ordinary microscopical work are supplemented by substances which cause a particular detail of the structure to fluoresce with a specific colour in ultraviolet light, then many strings will be added to the bow of the practical microscopist' [3]. More recently, emphasis on the role of plasmons—collective oscillations of electrons in nanoscale metal structures—has received considerable research attention. Plasmons enhance the local electromagnetic field and can lead to increased fluorescence rates from nearby fluorophores depending on the efficiency of the counteracting process, non-radiative transfer [4]. The 1930s also saw the

  1. İlkokul 4. Sınıf Öğrencilerinin Doğa Sevgisi, Temizlik, Sağlıklı Olma Tutumlarının İncelenmesi

    OpenAIRE

    Metin BOZKURT; Sever, Esra

    2015-01-01

    Bu araştırmada, İlkokul 4.sınıf öğrencilerinin doğa sevgisi, temizlik, sağlıklı olma tutumları cinsiyet, okul öncesi eğitimi alıp almama durumu, baba ve annelerin öğrenim düzeyine göre incelenmesi amaçlanmıştır. Genel tarama modeline dayalı olarak yürütülen araştırmanın çalışma grubunu Zonguldak ili Kdz.Ereğli ilçe merkezinde bulunan bir ilkokulunun dördüncü sınıflarında öğrenim görmekte olan toplam 103 öğrenci oluşturmaktadır. Araştırmaya katılan öğrencilerin %53.4’ü kız, %46.6’sı erkektir. ...

  2. Separation characteristics of rare earth elements in the TOPO/DTPA - Salting-out reagent solution system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Miyahara, S.; Koma, Yoshikazu; Koyama, Tomozo; Tanaka, Yasumasa [Japan Nuclear Cycle Development Inst., Tokai, Ibaraki (Japan). Tokai Works; Kano, J.

    1998-11-01

    A test of mutual separation of rare earth elements was carried out using an organic phosphorus extraction solvent TOPO (tri-octyl phosphorus oxide). It was found that the distribution ratio monotonously increased with the atomic number and the separation factor of La/Ln was 10{sup 3}. Under the condition that a sufficient quantity of DTPA compared with the amount of rare earth metals and pH > 1.5 in which DTPA easily formed complexes with lanthanides, the following conclusions were obtained; (i) the separation factor was not affected by pH, the kind of salting-out reagent, or the concentration, (ii) the extraction reaction with TOPO and complex formation with DTPA mainly contributed to the separation of lanthanides, and (iii) the separation factor computed by means of the distribution ratio of TOPO extraction and complex formation constant for DTPA more or less agreed with the empirical value. Separation of rare earth elements using TOPO revealed similar characteristics to those of systems with CMPO and TBP. (H. Baba)

  3. TARİH ÖĞRETMENİ ADAYLARININ KOPYA ÇEKME EĞİLİMLERİNİN ÇEŞİTLİ DEĞİŞKENLER AÇISINDAN İNCELENMESİ

    OpenAIRE

    Eminoğlu Küçüktepe, Seval; Küçüktepe, Coşkun

    2012-01-01

    ÖZET Bu çalışma tarih öğretmeni adaylarının akademik sahtekarlık eğilim düzeylerini incelemek amacıyla yapılmıştır. Araştırmaya tarih öğretmenliği bölümünden 97 öğrenci katılmıştır. Bu çalışmada Eminoğlu (2008) tarafından geliştirilen ve geçerlik güvenirlik çalışmaları yapılan “Akademik Sahtekarlık Eğilimi Ölçeği” kullanılmıştır. Araştırma sonucunda öğrencilerin anne ve baba eğitim düzeylerine göre anlamlı bir farklılık saptanmamıştır. Öğrencilerin cinsiyetlerine, sınıf düzeylerine ve algı...

  4. Cine-Club

    CERN Multimedia

    Cine-Club

    2012-01-01

    Thursday 31 May 2012 at 20:30 CERN Council Chamber The Kite Runner By Marc Forster (USA, 2007) With: Khalid Abdalla, Ahmad Khan Mahmoodzada, Atossa Leoni Original version English/Pashtu/Urdu; French subtitles; 128 minutes. In the 70's in Afghanistan, the Pushtun boy Amir and the Hazara boy Hassan, who is his loyal friend and son of their servant Ali, are raised together in Amir's father’s house, playing and kitting on the streets of a peaceful Kabul. After Amir wins a competition of kitting, Hassan runs to bring a kite to Amir, but he is beaten and raped in an empty street to protect Amir's kite; the coward Amir witness the assault but does not help the loyal Hassam. On the day after his birthday party, Amir hides his new watch in Hassam's bed to frame the boy as a thief and force his father to fire Ali, releasing his conscience from recalling his cowardice and betrayal. In 1979, the Russians invade Afghanistan and Baba and Amir escape to Pakistan....

  5. A study on risk factors of breast cancer among patients attending the tertiary care hospital, in Udupi district

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramchandra Kamath

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Cancer has become one of the ten leading causes of death in India. Breast cancer is the most common diagnosed malignancy in India, it ranks second to cervical cancer. An increasing trend in incidence is reported from various registries of national cancer registry project and now India is a country with largest estimated number of breast cancer deaths worldwide. Aim: To study the factors associated with breast cancer. Objectives: To study the association between breast cancer and selected exposure variables and to identify risk factors for breast cancer. Materials and Methods: A hospital based Case control study was conducted at Shirdi Sai Baba Cancer Hospital and Research Center, Manipal, Udupi District. Results: Total 188 participants were included in the study, 94 cases and 94 controls. All the study participants were between 25 to 69 years of age group. The cases and controls were matched by ± 2 years age range. Non vegetarian diet was one of the important risk factors (OR 2.80, CI 1.15-6.81. More than 7 to 12 years of education (OR 4.84 CI 1.51-15.46 had 4.84 times risk of breast cancer as compared with illiterate women. Conclusion: The study suggests that non vegetarian diet is the important risk factor for Breast Cancer and the risk of Breast Cancer is more in educated women as compared with the illiterate women. Limitation: This is a Hospital based study so generalisability of the findings could be limited.

  6. A Novel Assay for Easy and Rapid Quantification of Helicobacter pylori Adhesion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skindersoe, Mette E; Rasmussen, Lone; Andersen, Leif P; Krogfelt, Karen A

    2015-06-01

    Reducing adhesion of Helicobacter pylori to gastric epithelial cells could be a new way to counteract infections with this organism. We here present a novel method for quantification of Helicobacter pylori adhesion to cells. Helicobacter pylori is allowed to adhere to AGS or MKN45g cells in a 96-well microtiter plate. Then wells are added saponin, which lyses the cells without affecting the bacteria. After addition of alamarBlue(®) (resazurin) and 1- to 2-hour incubation, fluorescence measurements can be used to quantify the number of adherent bacteria. By use of the method, we demonstrate that adhesion of both a sabA and babA deletion mutant of H. pylori is significantly reduced compared to the wild type. The method offers a number of applications and may be used to compare the adherence potential of different strains of H. pylori to either cells or different materials or to screen for potential anti-adhesive compounds. The results presented here suggest that this easy and reproducible assay is well suited for quantitative investigation of H. pylori adhesion. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  7. ATHANASIUS VE İZNİK KONSİLİ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hasan Darcan

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available 325  yılında  gerçekleşen  İznik  Konsili,  Hıristiyanlık  içerisinde  ilk  kez  resmi  bir  söylem  ile  sonuçlanmıştır.  Bu  yüzden  olsa  gerek  o,  Türkiye'de  yapılan  erken  dönem  Hıristiyanlık  araştırmaları içinde diğer konulara nispetle kendine daha fazla yer bulmuştur . Konsilin en önemli kararı Baba ile  İsa  arasındaki  öz  bakımından  ilişkinin  ayniyetini  ifade  eden  homoousios  (aynı  öz  terimidir. Ancak bu terimin konsil sonrasında beklediği ilgiyi gördüğünü söylemek biraz zordur.

  8. Comparison of Cold-Resistance in Some Iranian and European Grape Cultivars

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. A. Nejatian

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available One of the main problems in vineyards of Iran is sensitivity of grape cultivars to winter cold. Considering the rich genetic diversity of grape cultivars in Iran vineyards and severe cold winter in 2007, this situation was used as a natural treatment in order to identify cold tolerance and assess damages in 21 Iranian grape varieties and 8 European grape varieties in a factorial experiment, based on completely randomized blocks design with four replications and three plants per unit. In each plant, four branches (one year old were selected and the number of healthy and damaged sprouts were counted. Then, statistical and cluster analysis was performed. Descriptive statistics (coefficient of variation of phenotypic traits of the obtained data from assessment of grape cultivars was calculated. Using the correlation coefficient (Pearson r, bilateral relationship between traits was measured and the attributes which their selection could increase the efficiency were determined. The results indicated that grape cultivars were located in four groups of sensitive, semi-sensitive, semi-tolerant and completely tolerant. Ghermez Bidaneh, Fakhri, Siyah Gazvin, Khalili and Rish Baba cultivars showed the highest tolerance. Most of the European cultivars including Ruby Seedless, Superior, Fiesta, Black Seedless, Perlette, Flame Seedless, Tompson Seedless and Torkmanistan 4 were in semi-tolerant to susceptible groups. Tolerance threshold against winter cold was was 15 ±1 ◦C in normal varieties and 20 ±1 ◦C in tolerant cultivars. There was a significant phenotypic correlation between the studied traits.

  9. ORTAÖĞRETİMDE ÖĞRENCİLERİNİN SAHİP OLDUKLARI İNSANİ DEĞERLER İLE AKADEMİK ERTELEME DAVRANIŞLARININ BAZI DEĞİŞKENLER AÇISINDAN İNCELENMESİ

    OpenAIRE

    YİĞİT, RUHİ; DİLMAÇ, Bülent

    2015-01-01

    Araştırmanın amacı, ortaöğretimde öğrenim görmekte olan öğrencilerin sahip oldukları insani değerler ile akademik erteleme davranışlarının, cinsiyet, ya, sınıf, öğrenim görülen okulun türü, anne eğitim ve baba eğitim durum değişkenlerine göre incelenmesidir. Araştırma ilişkisel tarama modeline uygun olarak yapılmıştır. Araştırmanın çalışma evreni Konya ilinde yer alan ortaöğretimde öğrenim görmekte olan öğrencilerden oluşmaktadır. Araştırmanın çalışma grubu ise, Konya merkez ilçelerinde yer a...

  10. Acetylated Rhamnogalacturonans from Immature Fruits of Abelmoschus esculentus Inhibit the Adhesion of Helicobacter pylori to Human Gastric Cells by Interaction with Outer Membrane Proteins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thöle, Christian; Brandt, Simone; Ahmed, Niyaz; Hensel, Andreas

    2015-09-15

    Polysaccharide containing extracts from immature fruits of okra (Abelmoschus esculentus) are known to exhibit antiadhesive effects against bacterial adhesion of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) to stomach tissue. The present study investigates structural and functional features of polymers responsible for this inhibition of bacterial attachment to host cells. Ammonium sulfate precipitation of an aqueous extract yielded two fractions at 60% and 90% saturation with significant antiadhesive effects against H. pylori, strain J99, (FE60% 68% ± 15%; FE90% 75% ± 11% inhibition rates) after preincubation of the bacteria at 1 mg/mL. Sequential extraction of okra fruits yielded hot buffer soluble solids (HBSS) with dose dependent antiadhesive effects against strain J99 and three clinical isolates. Preincubation of H. pylori with HBSS (1 mg/mL) led to reduced binding to 3'-sialyl lactose, sialylated Le(a) and Le(x). A reduction of bacterial binding to ligands complementary to BabA and SabA was observed when bacteria were pretreated with FE90%. Structural analysis of the antiadhesive polysaccharides (molecular weight, monomer composition, linkage analysis, stereochemistry, and acetylation) indicated the presence of acetylated rhamnogalacturonan-I polymers, decorated with short galactose side chains. Deacetylation of HBSS and FE90% resulted in loss of the antiadhesive activity, indicating esterification being a prerequisite for antiadhesive activity.

  11. Beneficial effect of pramipexole for motor function and depression in Parkinson’s disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Osamu Kano

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Osamu Kano1,2, Ken Ikeda2, Tetsuhito Kiyozuka2, Konosuke Iwamoto2, Hirono Ito2, Yuji Kawase2, Ryuta Sato2, Toshiki Fujioka2, Yo Araki2, Shigeji Baba2, Yasuo Iwasaki21Department of Neurology, Methodist Neurological Institute, Houston, TX, USA; 2Department of Neurology, Toho University Omori Medical Center, Tokyo, JapanAbstract: We examined whether pramipexole (PPX can influence depressive scale in normal and mild depressive parkinsonian patients. In an open study of PPX as an add-on to L-dopa therapy or single administration, 36 nondemented outpatients with Parkinson’s disease (PD were entered first. All were in the stage II or III of Hoehn and Yahr scale (H&Y. PPX were started at 0.125 mg/day and daily doses were increased to 1.5 mg/day. At 3 months after PPX treatment, patients were re-evaluated. Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAM-D, Unified Parkinson’s Disease Rating Scale III, H&Y stage, and freezing of gait questionnaire were compared in patients before and after PPX treatment. These scores were significantly improved after PPX administration. There were no correlations between HAM-D and those motor functions. We suggest that PPX treatment has antidepressant effects in depressive PD patients and also ameliorates HAM-D score in nondepressive PD patients in addition to motor function.Keywords: Parkinson disease, pramipexole, motor function, depression, antidepressant effect

  12. Association of LEC and tnpA Helicobacter pylori genes with gastric cancer in a Brazilian population

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    Carrilho Flair J

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background H. pylori seroprevalence in Brazilians varies and is dependent on socioeconomic status, sanitation conditions and ethnicity; furthermore, H. pylori is not always associated with the incidence of gastric cancer, suggesting the role of more virulent strains. The purpose of this study was to analyze the association of more virulent H. pylori strains with gastric cancer. Methods DNA was extracted from gastric biopsies of thirty-four cases of gastric cancer (11 intestinal-type, 23 diffuse-type, and thirty-four of patients with endoscopic gastritis. The presence of cagPAI genes (cagA, cagA promoter, cagE, cagM, tnpB, tnpA, cagT and the left end of the cagII (LEC and babA were analyzed by PCR. Results Comparison of H. pylori isolates from gastric cancer and gastritis patients showed significant associations of tnpA and LEC with gastric cancer (73.5% [OR, 6.66; 95% CI, 2.30-19.25] and 58.8% [OR, 10.71; 95% CI, 3.07-37.28] of cases, respectively. Other cagPAI genes were detected in both groups at similar frequencies. Conclusions tnpA and LEC of H. pylori cagPAI were associated with gastric cancer; nonetheless, these results were restricted within this group of patients and further studies are needed to confirm these results in a larger sample and determine their role in gastric carcinogenesis.

  13. Contrastive analysis as a didactic tool: acquisition problems of the Spanish article in Slovene learners

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gemma Santiago Alonso

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the paper is to present a semantically based approach to the teaching of the Spanish article usage from the point of view of contrastive analysis, taking into account the role of plurilingualism and the development of  the learner’s linguistic awareness, as envisaged by the CEFR. Dealing with the development of the linguistic awareness of the Slovene learners with regard to the acquisition of the Spanish article, we try to explain the uses of the Spanish article and the linguistic (or extralinguistic mechanisms employed by the Slovene language to express definiteness on the basis of examples from Julio Cortazar's short story Las babas del diablo and its Slovene translation  by Vesna Velkovrh Bukilica. Also, the most problematic uses of the article with which Slovene learners may have problems –because of significant differences between Slovene and Spanish in the areas of grammar concerned – have been classified according to the different levels suggested in CEFR and in Plan Curricular of Instituto Cervantes. The final purpose of the study is to show the pedagogic implications of the use of contrastive analysis in language learning, especially in dealing with complex grammatical issues such as the acquisition of the Spanish article by Slovene learners.

  14. Acetylated Rhamnogalacturonans from Immature Fruits of Abelmoschus esculentus Inhibit the Adhesion of Helicobacter pylori to Human Gastric Cells by Interaction with Outer Membrane Proteins

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christian Thöle

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Polysaccharide containing extracts from immature fruits of okra (Abelmoschus esculentus are known to exhibit antiadhesive effects against bacterial adhesion of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori to stomach tissue. The present study investigates structural and functional features of polymers responsible for this inhibition of bacterial attachment to host cells. Ammonium sulfate precipitation of an aqueous extract yielded two fractions at 60% and 90% saturation with significant antiadhesive effects against H. pylori, strain J99, (FE60% 68% ± 15%; FE90% 75% ± 11% inhibition rates after preincubation of the bacteria at 1 mg/mL. Sequential extraction of okra fruits yielded hot buffer soluble solids (HBSS with dose dependent antiadhesive effects against strain J99 and three clinical isolates. Preincubation of H. pylori with HBSS (1 mg/mL led to reduced binding to 3ʹ-sialyl lactose, sialylated Lea and Lex. A reduction of bacterial binding to ligands complementary to BabA and SabA was observed when bacteria were pretreated with FE90%. Structural analysis of the antiadhesive polysaccharides (molecular weight, monomer composition, linkage analysis, stereochemistry, and acetylation indicated the presence of acetylated rhamnogalacturonan-I polymers, decorated with short galactose side chains. Deacetylation of HBSS and FE90% resulted in loss of the antiadhesive activity, indicating esterification being a prerequisite for antiadhesive activity.

  15. Identification of putative vaccine candidates against Helicobacter pylori exploiting exoproteome and secretome: a reverse vaccinology based approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Naz, Anam; Awan, Faryal Mehwish; Obaid, Ayesha; Muhammad, Syed Aun; Paracha, Rehan Zafar; Ahmad, Jamil; Ali, Amjad

    2015-06-01

    Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is an important pathogen associated with diverse gastric disorders ranging from peptic ulcer to malignancy. It has also been recognized by the World Health Organization (WHO) as class I carcinogen. Conventional treatment regimens for H. pylori seem to be ineffective, possibly due to antibiotic resistance mechanisms acquired by the pathogen. In this study we have successfully employed a reverse vaccinology approach to predict the potential vaccine candidates against H. pylori. The predicted potential vaccine candidates include vacA, babA, sabA, fecA and omp16. Host-pathogen interactions analysis elaborated their direct or indirect role in the specific signaling pathways including epithelial cell polarity, metabolism, secretion system and transport. Furthermore, surface-exposed antigenic epitopes were predicted and analyzed for conservation among 39 complete genomes of H. pylori (Genbank) for all the candidate proteins. These epitopes may serve as a base for the development of broad spectrum peptide or multi-component vaccines against H. pylori. We also believe that the proposed pipeline can be extended to other pathogens and for the identification of novel candidates for the development of effective vaccines. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  16. Evaluation of Anticancer Activity of Fruit and Leave Extracts from Virus Infected and Healthy Cultivars of Vitis vinifera.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Esfahanian, Zahra; Behbahani, Mandana; Shanehsaz, Mehrnaz; Hessami, Mohammad Javad; Nejatian, Mohammad Ali

    2013-01-01

    Grape virus diseases are a serious problem in Iran. Leaves and fruits of grape have been used for different purposes like cooking in Iran. The present investigation was carried out to study on the cytotoxic-activities of extracts of fruits and leaves of Vitis vinifera from both virus-free and virus-infected grape cultivars against breast cancer cell line (MDAMB- 231) and human embryonic kidney normal cell line (HEK 293). IN THIS EXPERIMENTAL STUDY, THE CONSIDERED GRAPE CULTIVARS WERE AS FOLLOWS: Rish Baba Sefid, Shahani Ghasre Shirin, Rotabi Zarghan, Asgari Najaf Abad, Fars, Kaj Angor Bojnord, Sarkesh Shiraz and Siahe Zarqan. A real-time multiplex polymerase chain reaction (real-time Multiplex PCR) assay was applied to detect virus infected cultivars. The cytotoxic effect of the methanol extracts of different Vitis vinifera varieties on cultured cells was monitored using (3- (4, 5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl) -2, 5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay at different concentrations (62.5, 125, 250, 500, 750, 1000 μg mL(-1)). Among these cultivars, Grapevine fanleaf virus (GFLV) along with related symptoms was detected in Siahe Zarqan and Fars. Methanolic extracts of leaves and fruits of Vitis vinifera from both virus free and virus infected cultivars showed a range of limited to moderate cytotoxic activity. However, methanol extract of leaves belonged to virus infected cultivars was found to have strong cytotoxic effect against MDA-MB-231 at different concentrations. Grapevine fanleaf virus (GFLV) can potentially increase the cytotoxicity of grape cultivars.

  17. Evaluación in vitro de Inductores de Resistencia sobre Mycosphaerella fijiensis Morelet In vitro Evaluation of Inductors of Resistance on Mycosphaerella fijiensis Morelet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ángela María Mogollón Ortiz

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Resumen. La sigatoka negra (Mycosphaerella fijiensis M., es la enfermedad foliar más importante del plátano y banano, ocasiona pérdidas entre el 30 y 40%. Su manejo basado en agroquímicos, representa el 40% de los costos de producción. Con el fin de encontrar nuevas alternativas de manejo de la enfermedad en plátano, se evaluó el efecto in vitro sobre el hongo de los inductores de resistencia ácido salicílico (AS, acibenzolar-S-metil (ASM, ácido 2,6- dicloroisonicotinico (INA, ácido 3- aminobutanoico (BABA y fosfito de potasio, y los fungicidas propiconazol y clorotalonil. Cada producto fue considerado como un experimento independiente con un diseño completamente aleatorio a una vía, constituido por cuatro tratamientos y 15 repeticiones. Se evaluó: número de colonias cm2-1, tamaño de colonias (mm, esporulación y germinación (% de M. fijiensis. El efecto de los inductores no mostró inhibición total sobre el crecimiento del hongo, pero, todas las variables de respuesta, a excepción de la germinación con AS, INA y BABA, presentaron diferencias significativas entre las concentraciones evaluadas. El número promedio de colonias cm2-1 con los inductores osciló entre 1,5 y 3,5 mientras el testigo presentó 2,1 y 3,8; el tamaño de las colonias varió entre 1 y 4,6 mm y en el testigo 3,8 y 4,6 mm; el número de conidias mL-1 fluctuó entre 1.142 y 4.700 y en el testigo 4.386 y 5.783; y la germinación de conidias con ASM y fosfito de potasio alternó entre 27 y 72,6%, mientras el testigo presentó 74 y 79%. Propiconazol y clorotalonil inhibieron completamente al hongo.Abstract. Black sigatoka (Mycosphaerella fijiensis M., is the most important foliar disease of both banana and plantain, causing yield losses between 30 and 40%. Its management based on fungicides, represents 40% of the production costs. In order to find new alternatives to manage the disease in plantain, it was evaluated in vitro the effect on the fungus of the

  18. Characterisation of Polychlorinated Biphenyls in Coastal Inland Seawater, Nigeria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benson, Nsikak U.; Fred-Ahmadu, Omowunmi H.; Adedapo, Adebusayo E.; Anake, Winifred U.

    2017-05-01

    The concentrations of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) were determined in samples of surface seawater collected from five (5) different locations along the coastline of a tropical lagoon. The surface water samples were analysed using gas chromatography coupled with electron capture detector (GC-ECD) with fifteen (15) PCB congeners detected across the studied area. The chlorobiphenyls levels are in the order Ebute Ero > Oko Baba > Ijora > Lagos Island > Unilag lagoon front with levels 107.89, 53.15, 34.90, 27.78, and 2.15 mg/L, respectively. The enhanced average concentration of PCBs at the Ebute Ero site is due to the predominance of PCB-180 and PCB-185. A negative correlation was found between the total PCB concentration and the level of dissolved oxygen. Although, the results indicated fairly high levels of PCBs, the anthropogenic contributions from industrial releases and domestic activities may be largely associated with the detected concentrations of the di-, tetra-, penta-, hexa-, hepta-, and octa-chlorobiphenyls.

  19. Early-stage mucinous sweat gland adenocarcinoma of eyelid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nizawa T

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Tomohiro Nizawa1, Toshiyuki Oshitari1, Ryuta Kimoto1, Fusae Kajita1, Jiro Yotsukura1, Kaoru Asanagi1, Takayuki Baba1, Yoko Takahashi2, Takashi Oide2, Takako Kiyokawa2, Takashi Kishimoto2, Shuichi Yamamoto11Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, 2Department of Molecular Pathology, Chiba University Graduate School of Medicine, Chuo-ku, Chiba, JapanAbstract: We present the findings of an early-stage primary mucinous sweat gland adenocarcinoma in the lower eyelid of a Japanese patient. The patient was a 73-year-old man who had had a nodule on the left lower eyelid for two years. He was referred to our hospital with a diagnosis of a swollen chalazion. The clinical and histopathological records were reviewed and the mass was excised. Histopathological examination revealed a mucinous sweat gland adenocarcinoma. Postoperative magnetic resonance imaging and positron emission tomography excluded systemic metastases. After the histopathological findings, a complete surgical excision of the margins of the adenocarcinoma was performed, with histopathological confirmation of negative margins. After the final histopathological examination, the patient was diagnosed with a primary mucinous sweat gland adenocarcinoma of the left eyelid. Six months after the surgery, no recurrence has been observed. Because the appearance of mucinous sweat gland adenocarcinoma of the eyelid is quite variable, the final diagnosis can only be made by histopathological examination. A complete surgical excision is recommended.Keywords: complete surgical excision, eyelid, initial stage, mucinous sweat gland adenocarcinoma

  20. Weight reduction and pioglitazone ameliorate polycystic ovary syndrome after removal of a Sertoli-stromal cell tumor

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    Saito T

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Tsuyoshi Baba,1 Toshiaki Endo,1 Keiko Ikeda,1 Ayumi Shimizu,1 Miyuki Morishita,1 Yoshika Kuno,1 Hiroyuki Honnma,2 Tamotsu Kiya,3 Shin-ichi Ishioka,1 Tsuyoshi Saito11Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Sapporo Medical University, Sapporo, 2Asada Ladies Clinic, Kasugai, Aichi, 3Ena Ladies Clinic, Ishikari, Hokkaido, JapanAbstract: This report presents an unusual case of Sertoli-stromal cell tumor and polycystic ovary syndrome successfully treated with weight reduction and an insulin-sensitizing agent. A 22-year-old woman, gravida 0, para 0, visited our hospital for the first time with a 12-year history of secondary amenorrhea and hypertrichosis. Transvaginal ultrasonography revealed a solid tumor in the right ovary. Right salpingo-oophorectomy was performed and pathological examination confirmed a Sertoli-stromal cell tumor. The patient's serum androgen levels declined postoperatively, but remained above normal. Pioglitazone treatment for 6 months also significantly reduced serum androgen levels, but they still remained above normal. However, after losing 12 kg of body weight, the patient's serum androgen levels declined to normal, and spontaneous menstruation became regular. Weight reduction with pioglitazone is an effective means of treating hyperandrogenism.Keywords: etiology, hyperandrogenism, pioglitazone, polycystic ovary syndrome, Sertoli-stromal cell tumor, weight reduction

  1. A mathematical model for reducing the composting time

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Estefanía Larreategui

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The environment is still affected by the inappropriate use of organic matter waste, but a culture of recycling and reuse has been promoted in Ecuador to reduce carbon footprint. The composting, a technique to digest organic matter, which traditionally takes 16-24 weeks, is still inefficient to use. Therefore, this paper concerns the optimization of the composting process in both quality and production time. The variables studied were: type of waste (fruits and vegetables and type of bioaccelerator (yeast and indigenous microorganisms. By using a full factorial random design 22, a quality compost was obtained in 7 weeks of processing. Quality factors as temperature, density, moisture content, pH and carbon-nitrogen ratio allowed the best conditions for composting in the San Gabriel del Baba community (Santo Domingo de los Colorados, Ecuador. As a result of this study, a mathematical surface model which explains the relationship between the temperature and the digestion time of organic matter was obtained.

  2. High Prevalence of Helicobacter pylori hopQ II Genotype Isolated from Iranian Patients with Gastroduodenal Disorders

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amin Talebi Bezmin Abadi

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Helicobacter pylori plays an important role in the pathogenesis of chronic gastritis, peptic ulceration, and noncardia gastric cancer. Several putative virulence factors for H. pylori have been identified including vacA, babA, and iceA. HopQ is one of the outer membrane proteins involved in bacterial adherence to gastric mucosa and has been suggested to also play a role in the virulence of H. pylori. Due to the substantial geographic differences in the prevalence of H. pylori virulence factors reported, the main purpose of the current study was to investigate the association between different H. pylori virulence hopQ alleles (types I and II and patients with gastroduodenal disorders. The presence of H. pylori and hopQ alleles in gastric biopsy specimens was identified by specific PCR assays. H. pylori type II hopQ was found to be significantly associated with gastric cancer patients (odds ratio: 3.47, 95% CI: 1.56–5.89. Information about the prevalence of H. pylori hopQ type II can be used for determining the high-risk diseases type which is actually colonized by H. pylori hopQ type II positive strains. The presence of H. pylori hopQ type II should be investigated in different geographical regions as confirmatory findings may provide a definite biomarker attributed to the pathogenesis of certain severe digestive diseases.

  3. Ang Talaban ng Pangingibabaw at Pagtutol sa Pangingibabaw sa Manga Tagobilin sa Manga Dalaga ni Antonio Maria Claret (Dominance and Defiance in Antonio Maria Claret’s Manga Tagobilin sa Manga Dalaga

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pauline Mari Hernando

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available In between the years 1882 and 1889, seven books about etiquette were written and translated in Tagalog. Three of these publications distinctively dealt with the same theme. These were Ang icatututo ng babae sa Filipinas by D. Manuel Fernandez Herrera, Manga tagobilin sa mga babaying may asaua and Mga tagobilin sa manga dalaga by Antonio Maria Claret y Clara. These three books were unlike the typical earlier publications about the pursuit of holiness, prayers, reflections, holy scriptures, and lives of the saints and martyrs. The second half of 19th century was remarkable because of the propagation of manuals/handbooks on good manners and moral texts, which centers on the position of women in society, as new literary forms. This paper seeks to deliberate the actuality of colonial power and social order in the context of the rules directed at women. Through Claret’s Mga tagobilin sa manga dalaga, this paper will present how the dialectical status of women, at the bottom of the social hierarchy based on the new discourse on social power, was constituted and established through the imposition of colonial authority.

  4. Endülüs Emevî Emirlerinden Hişâm b. Abdurrahman'ın Hayatı ve Emirliği

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sena Kaplan

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Hişâm b. Abdurrahman b. Muâviye el-Ümevî, Endülüs Emevî Devleti’nin ikinci emiridir. Babası I. Abdurrahman’ın vefatının ardından tahta geçmiş ve sekiz yıl boyunca iktidarda kalmıştır. Bu süre içerisinde iç isyanlarla da uğraşmış ve bu isyanları sonlandırarak devleti istikrara kavuşturmuştur. Dindarlığı, ilme meraklı oluşu ve adaleti nedeniyle er-Râzî lakabı verilen Hişâm, ulemâyı koruyup kollamış ve onları el üstünde tutmuştur. Ayrıca bu dönemde önemli imar faaliyetleri de gerçekleştirilmiştir.

  5. Subsurface Biodegradation in a Fractured Basement Reservoir, Shropshire, UK

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parnell, John; Baba, Mas'ud; Bowden, Stephen; Muirhead, David

    2017-04-01

    Subsurface Biodegradation in a Fractured Basement Reservoir, Shropshire, UK. John Parnell, Mas'ud Baba, Stephen Bowden, David Muirhead Subsurface biodegradation in current oil reservoirs is well established, but there are few examples of fossil subsurface degradation. Biomarker compositions of viscous and solid oil residues ('bitumen') in fractured Precambrian and other basement rocks below the Carboniferous cover in Shropshire, UK, show that they are variably biodegraded. High levels of 25-norhopanes imply that degradation occurred in the subsurface. Lower levels of 25-norhopanes occur in active seepages. Liquid oil trapped in fluid inclusions in mineral veins in the fractured basement confirm that the oil was emplaced fresh before subsurface degradation. A Triassic age for the veins implies a 200 million year history of hydrocarbon migration in the basement rocks. The data record microbial colonization of a fractured basement reservoir, and add to evidence in modern basement aquifers for microbial activity in deep fracture systems. Buried basement highs may be especially favourable to colonization, through channelling fluid flow to shallow depths and relatively low temperatures

  6. Yaşam becerileri psikoeğitim programının boşanmış aile çocuklarının uyum düzeylerine etkisi

    OpenAIRE

    ŞENTÜRK AYDIN, Rabia

    2013-01-01

         Bu araştırmanın temel amacı, yaşam becerileri psikoeğitim programının boşanmış aile çocuklarının uyumları üzerindeki etkilerinin araştırılmasıdır.
    Araştırma, kontrol gruplu ön-test, son-test ve izleme testi modeline dayalı bir deneysel çalışmadır. Araştırma, 2011 - 2012 eğitim-öğretim yılında Ankara Mamak Ortatepe İlköğretim Okulu’nda 4. ve 5. sınıfta öğrenim görmekte olan annesi ve babası boşanmış 10 öğrencinin katılımıyla gerçekleşt...

  7. Cost estimation for advanced wet MOX plant

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kamiya, Masahito; Kojima, Hisao [Power Reactor and Nuclear Fuel Development Corp., Tokai, Ibaraki (Japan). Tokai Works

    1997-12-01

    PNC proposes a design concept of an advanced wet MOX plant based on low-level decontamination reprocessing plant and a simple fuel fabrication method. It significantly changes the boundary condition for design of reprocessing, fuel fabrication and reactor to alter the wet MOX cycle into a convenient form as simple as that of metal fuel cycle. According to the concept, the reprocessing process is substantially simplified by holding the decontamination level low, so that both reprocessing and fabrication processes can be installed in a single facility utilizing common utilities including a liquid waste processing facility. This report summarizes the results of the conceptual design of the plant and cost evaluation. Construction costs were estimated for the current plant constructed by means of the current technology, for the standard plant based on the improved technology of high-level decontamination cycle, and for the advanced plant based on the wet MOX cycle concept. It was concluded then that the construction costs in unit of the cost of the current plant were evaluated to be 0.60 for the standard plant (handling capacity 50 t/y) and 0.66 or 0.50 for the advanced plant (handling capacity 100 t/y or 50 t/y). (H. Baba)

  8. OPTN gene: profile of patients with glaucoma from India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sripriya, S; Nirmaladevi, J; George, R; Hemamalini, A; Baskaran, M; Prema, R; Ve Ramesh, S; Karthiyayini, T; Amali, J; Job, S; Vijaya, L; Kumaramanickavel, G

    2006-07-24

    Optineurin gene (OPTN) mutations are reported in primary open angle glaucoma patients (POAG) from different populations. The coding and noncoding regions of OPTN were screened for mutations in 100 Indian high tension glaucoma patients (HTG). The frequency of the OPTN M98K mutation in an additional 120 patients (70 HTG and 50 normal tension glaucoma [NTG]) was analyzed by restriction enzyme digestion. The HTG patients (about 40 years of age) were characterized by open angles on gonioscopy, with raised intraocular pressure (IOP) more than 21 mmHg (A polymorphism was attempted with AliBaba software (version 2.1). Six sequence alterations were observed in the 100 POAG patients by direct sequencing. The M98K substitution was observed in a total of 10 patients (7/170 HTG and 3/50 NTG) contributing to 4.1% in HTG and 6% in the NTG group and not in the controls. The IVS7+24G>A nucleotide change showed a significant difference in the HTG group (7/100) when compared to the control group (0/100) and found to be associated with increased IOP at diagnosis (p=0.03). The IVS7+24G>A polymorphism resulted in the creation of binding sites for transcription factors NF-1 and CPE that were not present in the wild type. The current study suggests a possible role of SNPs rather than mutations in OPTN in POAG pathology in the Indian population.

  9. Varayti at Varyasyon ng Wikang B’laan sa Bacong, Tulunan, Hilagang Cotabato at Lampitak, Tampakan, Timog Cotabato, Philippines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Radji A. Macatabon

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available The study was conducted to determine the variety and variation of B’laan language in two municipalities. Specifically the study aimed to find out the following: What are the variety of B’laan language? Are there lexical and morphological variations existing in B’laan language by B’laan tribe in Bacong, Tulunan North Cotabato and Lampitak, Tampakan South Cotabato? And What factor influences such linguistic variety and variation of B’laan language? The scope of this study was confined to B’laan tribe living in barangay Bacong, Tulunan North Cotabato and barangay Lampitak, Tampakan South Cotabato. Descriptive method of research using structural and sociolinguistical analysis was utilized to describe and determine the linguistic variety and variation of B’laan language. Findings revealed that B’laan language has two language variety the To Lagad and To Baba. Results further show that linguistic variation on lexical and morphological features of B’laan language in this study is influenced by geographical dimension or the distance of the place where the B’laan people live. B’laan language is unique for its linguistic variety. Research proved that B’laan language is not homogeneous because it has lexical and morphological variation

  10. Probing intermolecular interactions in a diethylcarbamazine citrate salt by fast MAS (1)H solid-state NMR spectroscopy and GIPAW calculations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Venâncio, Tiago; Oliveira, Lyege Magalhaes; Ellena, Javier; Boechat, Nubia; Brown, Steven P

    2017-10-01

    Fast magic-angle spinning (MAS) NMR is used to probe intermolecular interactions in a diethylcarbamazine salt, that is widely used as a treatment against adult worms of Wuchereria bancrofti which cause a common disease in tropical countries named filariasis. Specifically, a dihydrogen citrate salt that has improved thermal stability and solubility as compared to the free form is studied. One-dimensional (1)H, (13)C and (15)N and two-dimensional (1)H-(13)C and (14)N-(1)H heteronuclear correlation NMR experiments under moderate and fast MAS together with GIPAW (CASTEP) calculations enable the assignment of the (1)H, (13)C and (14)N/(15)N resonances. A two-dimensional (1)H-(1)H double-quantum (DQ) -single-quantum (SQ) MAS spectrum recorded with BaBa recoupling at 60kHz MAS identifies specific proton-proton proximities associated with citrate-citrate and citrate-diethylcarbamazine intermolecular interactions. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  11. Historical introgression among the American live oaks and the comparative nature of tests for introgression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eaton, Deren A R; Hipp, Andrew L; González-Rodríguez, Antonio; Cavender-Bares, Jeannine

    2015-10-01

    Introgressive hybridization challenges the concepts we use to define species and infer phylogenetic relationships. Methods for inferring historical introgression from the genomes of extant species, such as ABBA-BABA tests, are widely used, however, their results can be easily misinterpreted. Because these tests are inherently comparative, they are sensitive to the effects of missing data (unsampled species) and nonindependence (hierarchical relationships among species). We demonstrate this using genomic RADseq data sampled from all extant species in the American live oaks (Quercus series Virentes), a group notorious for hybridization. By considering all species and their phylogenetic relationships, we were able to distinguish true hybridizing lineages from those that falsely appear admixed. Six of seven species show evidence of admixture, often with multiple other species, but which is explained by introgression among a few related lineages occurring in close proximity. We identify the Cuban oak as the most admixed lineage and test alternative scenarios for its origin. The live oaks form a continuous ring-like distribution around the Gulf of Mexico, connected in Cuba, across which they could effectively exchange alleles. However, introgression appears highly localized, suggesting that oak species boundaries and their geographic ranges have remained relatively stable over evolutionary time. © 2015 The Author(s). Evolution © 2015 The Society for the Study of Evolution.

  12. The functional interplay of Helicobacter pylori factors with gastric epithelial cells induces a multi-step process in pathogenesis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Posselt, Gernot; Backert, Steffen; Wessler, Silja

    2013-10-07

    Infections with the human pathogen Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) can lead to severe gastric diseases ranging from chronic gastritis and ulceration to neoplastic changes in the stomach. Development and progress of H. pylori-associated disorders are determined by multifarious bacterial factors. Many of them interact directly with host cells or require specific receptors, while others enter the host cytoplasm to derail cellular functions. Several adhesins (e.g. BabA, SabA, AlpA/B, or OipA) establish close contact with the gastric epithelium as an important first step in persistent colonization. Soluble H. pylori factors (e.g. urease, VacA, or HtrA) have been suggested to alter cell survival and intercellular adhesions. Via a type IV secretion system (T4SS), H. pylori also translocates the effector cytotoxin-associated gene A (CagA) and peptidoglycan directly into the host cytoplasm, where cancer- and inflammation-associated signal transduction pathways can be deregulated. Through these manifold possibilities of interaction with host cells, H. pylori interferes with the complex signal transduction networks in its host and mediates a multi-step pathogenesis.

  13. AN ANALYSIS OF THE ISOPSEPHIC POEMS IN ANTEPLI AYNI’S DIVAN / ANTEPLI AYNÎ DIVANI’NDAKI TARIH MANZUMELERI ÜZERINE BIR INCELEME

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    Assoc. Prof. Dr. Şenel DEMİREL

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Isopsephy, within the framework of “Abjad numerals”, is a kindof literary art used to determine the date of an event, and is at the sametime the name of a system formed by eight meaningless words which were developed to make the Arabic letters learnt by heart easily bycombining the letters. In other words, Abjad numerals is a calculationsystem developed after totalling up all the numerical values of each ofthe letters basing the numbers corresponding to the Abjad numerals bygiving the date of an event with one or more words and lines in a verysubtle way.In the matter of Isopsephy( Abjad numerals among the Divanpoets, especially alongside such prominent ones as Hızır Bey, ÂdemBaba, Bursalı Hasimî and Sürûrî, Antepli Ayni is also anotherimportant poet that should be particularized. Antepli Ayni, with 522isopsephic poems in his Divan, is one of the most prominent names ofhis kind. His isopsephic poems including a rough period of 50 yearsdraw attention with their utterance in a variety of different subjects.In this paper, the isopsephic poems in Antepli Aynî’s Divan areevaluated in terms of date, theme, genre, method and style, and theresultant assessments are brought into sharp relief with collateralnumerical data.

  14. MARKET OF NON-WOOD FOREST PRODUCTS FROM BRAZILIAN SAVANNA

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    Sandra Regina Afonso

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available In this article, we analyze the main non-wood forest products from Brazilian savanna. We studied the behavior and the growth rates of production and prices of almond of babaçu, oil of copaiba, fiber of buriti, leaf of jaborandi, bark of barbatimão, bark of angico, fruit of mangaba, almonds of pequi, from 1982 to 2005. All the products exhibited decreasing production, with exception of the oil of copaiba and almonds of pequi, which showed positive growth rates: 12.9% and 8.5%, respectively. The analysis of prices for most products was not significant, except for barks of barbatimão and angico, and almonds of pequi, which showed positive trends: 10.9%, 6.7%, and 4.6%, respectively. We believe that results were not significant due to the severe variations of the Brazilian currency in the period. We conclude that pequi is the main product from savanna and that oil of copaiba has the biggest increase in the production because most of the production comes from the whole Brazilian Amazon region.

  15. Glucosamine-containing supplement improves locomotor functions in subjects with knee pain a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study

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    Kanzaki N

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Noriyuki Kanzaki,1 Yoshiko Ono,1 Hiroshi Shibata,1 Toshio Moritani2 1Institute for Health Care Science, Suntory Wellness Ltd, Seika-cho, Soraku-gun, 2Graduate School of Human and Environmental Studies, Kyoto University, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, Japan Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the ability of a glucosamine-containing supplement to improve locomotor functions in subjects with knee pain.Methods: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group comparative study was conducted for 16 weeks in 100 Japanese subjects (age, 51.8±0.8 years with knee pain. Subjects were randomly assigned to one of the two supplements containing 1 1,200 mg of glucosamine hydrochloride, 60 mg of chondroitin sulfate, 45 mg of type II collagen peptides, 90 mg of quercetin glycosides, 10 mg of imidazole peptides, and 5 µg of vitamin D per day (GCQID group, n=50 or 2 a placebo (placebo group, n=50. Japanese Knee Osteoarthritis Measure, visual analog scale score, normal walking speed, and knee-extensor strength were measured to evaluate the effects of the supplement on knee-joint functions and locomotor functions.Results: In subjects eligible for efficacy assessment, there was no significant group × time interaction, and there were improvements in knee-joint functions and locomotor functions in both groups, but there was no significant difference between the groups. In subjects with mild-to-severe knee pain at baseline, knee-extensor strength at week 8 (104.6±5.0% body weight vs 92.3±5.5% body weight, P=0.030 and the change in normal walking speed at week 16 (0.11±0.03 m/s vs 0.05±0.02 m/s, P=0.038 were significantly greater in the GCQID group than in the placebo group. Further subgroup analysis based on Kellgren–Lawrence (K–L grade showed that normal walking speed at week 16 (1.36±0.05 m/s vs 1.21±0.02 m/s, P<0.05 was significantly greater in the GCQID group than in the placebo group in subjects with K–L grade I. No

  16. PREFACE: 12th International Symposium on Multiscale, Multifunctional and Functionally Graded Materials (FGM 2012)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Zhangjian; Li, Jingfeng; Zhang, Lianmeng; Ge, Changchun

    2013-03-01

    Technology, and was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China. On behalf of the organizing committee of FGM-2012, I express my great appreciation to their support of the symposium. Nearly 100 scholars and students from Japan, Brazil, Germany, Russia, United States of America, Portugal, France, Switzerland, Turkey, Singapore, China, and so on, attended FGM-2012, and 57 of the presented papers were collected and selected for publication. The subjects of these papers cover simulation and characterization, advanced fabrication technology, novel application of FGM and layer materials. I cordially thank all of the authors and attendees for their support, and my appreciation is also given to the advisory committee, organizing committee, and the conference volunteers for their hard work. Professor Zhangjian Zhou Proceedings Editor Beijing, December 2012 Committees International Advisory Committee Professor Glaucio H Paulino, USA Professor Marek-Jerzy Pindera, USA Professor Jeong-Ho Kim, USA Professor Emer Fazil Erdogan, USA Professor Dr Monika Willert-Porada, Germany Professor Emer Wolfgang G J Bunk, Germany Professor Omer Van Der Biest, Belgium Professor Michael M Gasik, Finland Professor Evgeny Levashov, Russia Professor Lianmeng Zhang, China Professor Qingjie Zhang, China Professor Wei Pan, China Professor Chang-Chun Ge, China Professor Jing-Feng Li, China Professor Zhangjian Zhou, China Associate Professor Serkan Dag, Turkey Professor Fernando A Rochinha, Brazil Professor Emilio C N Silva, Brazil Professor Luis August Rocha, Portugal Dr Sasa Novak, Slovenia Dr Masayuki Niino, Japan Professor Akira Kawasaki, Japan Professor Ichiro Shiota, Japan Dr Akinaga Kumakawa, Japan Dr Yoshikazu Shinohara, Japan Professor Kiyotaka Matsuura, Japan Professor Yoshinari Miyamoto, Japan Professor Takashi Goto, Japan Professor Yoshimi Watanabe, Japan Professor Kazuhiro Hasezaki, Japan Professor Soshu Kirihara, Japan Professor Emer Toshio Hirai, Japan Mr Choji Endou, Japan Dr

  17. PREFACE: 11th Asia-Pacific Conference on Plasma Science and Technology (APCPST-11) and 25th Symposium on Plasma Science for Materials (SPSM-25)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watanabe, Takayuki; Kaneko, Toshio; Sekine, Makoto; Tanaka, Yasunori

    2013-06-01

    advances in thermal and non-equilibrium plasmas as well as on more new and innovative developments in the field of life innovation, green innovation and a technical report session. The editors hope that this volume will be useful and helpful for deepening our understanding of science and technology of plasma materials processing and also for stimulating further development of the plasma technology. Finally, we would like to thank the conference chairmen, the members of the organizing committee, the advisory committee, the executive committee, the program committee, the publication committee, organizing secretariat and financial support from The 153rd Committee on Plasma Materials Science, JSPS. Sponsors and Supporting Organization: The 153rd Committee on Plasma Materials Science, Japan Society for the Promotion of Science Organizing Committee Chairperson: Osamu Tsuji, SAMCO Corporation, Japan Advisory Committee Chairperson: Akihisa Matsuda, Osaka University, Japan Executive Committee Chairperson: Masaru Hori, Nagoya University, Japan Program Committee Chairperson: Takamasa Ishigaki, Hosei University, Japan Publication Committee Chairperson: Takayuki Watanabe, Kyushu University Editors of APCPST-11 and SPMS-25 Professor Takayuki Watanabe, Kyushu University, Japan Professor Toshio Kaneko, Tohoku University, Japan Professor Makoto Sekine, Nagoya University, Japan Professor Yasunori Tanaka, Kanazawa University, Japan

  18. Adli Toksikolojinin Duayen İsmi Prof Dr Hayri Sözen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sermet Koç

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available İ. Ü. Cerrahpaşa Tıp Fakültesi kuruluşunun 40. yılında anabilim dallarından kendi tarihçelerini hazırlamalarını istedi. Bu görev anabilim dalımızda ise, bana verildi. Önce tüm adli tıp ve bilimler camiasından özür dilemeliyim, neden? Çünkü üzerinde oturduğum külliyatın tozları kaldırıldığında, altında bir hazine varmış gördüm; biz bakmayı bilmiyormuşuz geç te olsa öğrendim ve çok üzüldüm. Sonra; Prof. Dr. Hayri Sözen'in dosyasını alıp baktığımda, çok heyecanlandım ve çok mutluluk duydum; bir o kadar da hicap duydum. Ben daha önce ne yazık ki hakkında çok az şey biliyordum. Adını önce aynı dönemde adli tıp asistanlığı yaptığımız sevgili Prof. Dr. Şevki Sözen'in babası olduğu için duymuştum. Daha sonra uzmanlık ve doçentlik sınavına hazırlanırken, Prof. Dr. Cahit Özen'le birlikte hazırladıkları ‘‘Adli Tıp ve Toksikoloji” kitabından asıl bilimsel boyutta tanımıştım ve özellikle toksikoloji konularını büyük ölçüde onun yazdığı bölümlerden (toplam 245 sayfa tutan ikinci kısmını çalışmıştım. Şevki Hoca'ya biraz sitem ettim, bu büyük insanla ilgili birkaç cümle olsun bahsetmemişti bize; ama bu onun mütevazı kişiliğinden, övünmeyi sevmemesinden kaynaklanıyordu kuşkusuz. Oysa ne kadar övünse azdır babası ile. Sözü daha fazla uzatmaya gerek yok, siz değerli adli bilimciler benim Prof. Dr. Hayri Sözen'in arşivdeki dosyasından derlediğim ve Prof. Dr. Şevki Sözen'e danışarak düzenlediğim bu kısa biyografiyi okuyarak kararı size bırakıyorum.

  19. İlk ve ortaokul öğretmenlerinin etik duyarlılıklarının çeşitli değişkenler açısından incelenmesi (Sinop ili örneği [An Analysis of ethical sensitivity of primary and secondary schools in the relations with students based on some variables (Case of Sinop province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ayşe OTTEKİN-DEMİRBOLAT

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Etik problemlerin anlaşılma ve çözümlenmesi sürecinde, öğretmenlerin etik duyarlık becerilerinin önemine olan inanç bu çalışmanın nedenini oluşturmaktadır. Çalışmanın amacı ilk ve orta öğretim kademelerinde görev alan öğretmenlerin etik duyarlılık düzeyini çeşitli değişkenler açısından incelemektir. Değişkenler öğretmenlerin kıdem, görev kademesi, cinsiyet, görev aldıkları eğitim kademesi, anne ve baba eğitim düzeyleri, üniversite öncesi yaşadıkları yerleşim merkezi ve en son mezun oldukları öğretim kurumudur. Araştırmanın evrenini Sinop il merkez ve ilçelerinin resmi ilk ve ortaokullarda görev yapmakta olan 1101 öğretmen oluşturmaktadır. Bu ilköğretim okullarında görevli olan ve basit seçkisiz örnekleme yöntemi ile seçilen 451 öğretmen araştırmanın örneklemini oluşturmaktadır. Araştırma sonucunda, öğretmenlerin etik duyarlılık düzeyleri yüksek bulunmuştur. En yüksek etik duyarlılık becerisi, “başka insanlarla ilişki kurmaya özen gösterme”, “eylem ve seçenek sonuçlarının belirlenmesi” boyutlarında bulunurken, en düşük etik duyarlık becerisi “sosyal önyargıları engelleme” boyutunda bulunmuştur. Ayrıca etik duyarlık becerisi ile ilgili bazı boyutlarda cinsiyet, branş, kıdem, baba eğitim düzeyi ve mezun olunan eğitim kurumu değişkenlerine göre bazı anlamlı farklılıklar saptanmıştır.

  20. Anadolu Kültüründe Nazar ve Nazarlıklar: Safranbolu Örneği /Evil Eye and Amulets in Anatolian Culture: The Case of Safranbolu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Durmuş Gür

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Öz Bu araştırma, Anadolu kültüründe yer alan nazar inancı ve bu inancın somut bir yansıması olan nazarlıklarla ilgili günümüze ulaşan bazı örnekleri incelemektedir. Araştırma kapsamında, günümüzde Safranbolu’da bulunan sivil ve dini mimaride, özellikle su yapılarında görülen nazarlık çeşitleri, teknik, tür ve çeşitlilik açısından incelenmiş ve fotoğraflarla belgelenmiştir. Safranbolu’nun Bağlarbaşı, Kıranköy (Atatürk Mahallesi, Gümüş, Hacı Halil, Baba Sultan, Çeşme, Karaali, Çavuş Mahalleleri’ndeki mimari eserlerde bulunan nazarlıklar, araştırma konumuzun kaynağını oluşturmaktadır. Araştırmada önce nazar inancı ile ilgili yaklaşımlar ve bu inancın tarihi kökenleri incelenmiştir. Daha sonra nazara inanan insanların, kötü niyetli insanların bakışlarıyla yaydıkları olumsuz enerjiyi başka alanlara yönlendirebilmek amacıyla kullanmış oldukları nazarlıklar incelenmiştir. Kullanılan nazarlık çeşitleri sınıflandırılarak benzer uygulamalar aynı başlık altında incelenmiştir. Araştırmanın son kısmında ise bu nazarlıkların özelliklerini gösteren bir tablo ile birlikte kullanılan malzeme ve teknikler hakkında bilgi verilmiştir. Ayrıca, araştırma evreninde yer alan nazarlıklara ait bazı fotoğraflar araştırma sonuna eklenmiştir. Abstract This article examines the belief in evil eye in Anatolian culture and its concrete reflection, using amulets to defend oneself against it. The aim of this essay is to investigate and to certificate the types of amulets in civil and religious architecture, especially in water structures, in Safranbolu. In the study, the amulets existing in Baglarbasi, Kirankoy, Gumus, Haci Halil, Baba Sultan, Cesme, Karaali, and Cavus districts of Safranbolu is handled. The first part of the article examines the belief in evil eye and the historical basis of this belief. The second part examines the amulets used by the

  1. Relationship between histopathological status of the Helicobacter pylori infected patients and proteases of H. pylori in isolates carrying diverse virulence genotypes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gharibi, Somayyeh; Falsafi, Tahereh; Alebouyeh, Masoud; Farzi, Nastaran; Vaziri, Farzam; Zali, Mohamad Reza

    2017-09-01

    Helicobacter pylori is the main cause of several gastroduodenal diseases in Humans. Among various virulence factors of H. pylori, proteases may also be involved in its pathogenicity. In this study, relationship between proteolytic activity of H. pylori strains and histopathological changes of the stomach was investigated in the patients infected with strains carrying diverse virulence factors. H. pylori strains were isolated from the biopsies of 116 patients who referred to hospital for their gastroduodenal disorders, in Tehran, Iran. Biopsies were sent to microbiology and pathology laboratories for further analysis. All the suspected grown colonies were characterized by both biochemical tests and polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Presence of seven protease genes, htrA, clpP, hp0169, hp1012, hp0382, hp1350 and hp1435, and distinct allelic variants of H. pylori virulence factors, cagA, vacA, iceA, babA2 and sabA, were analyzed in each strain. Protease activity of the strains was assessed using spectrophotometric assay. Furthermore, association between diversity in protease genes and virulence genes, protease activity, as well as pathological changes was estimated statistically. Proteases genes, htrA, clpP, hp0169, hp1012, hp0382, hp1350, hp1435, were detected among 100%, 100%, 98%, 98%, 98%, 98%, and 8% of fifty H. pylori strains isolated from the patients, respectively. Status of cagA, vacA s1, vacA s2, vacA m1, vacA m2, iceA1, iceA2, babA2 and sabA genes in isolates were 64%, 68%, 30%, 26%, 74%, 48%, 52%, 100%, and 96%, respectively. Predominant (84%) combined status for protease genes was: htrA/clpP/hp0169/hp1012/hp0382/hP1350/hp1435, while the prevalent combined status (16%) for virulence genes was: cagA+/vacA s1m2/iceA1+/sabA+/babA2+. Although most of the strains (91.4%) presented moderate protease activity in vitro, lowest activity was measured in strains isolated from the patients with chronic gastritis (4.25%). Present study provide the new data on

  2. Parâmetros acústicos do contraste de sonoridade das plosivas no desenvolvimento fonológico típico e no desviante Acoustic parameters of the voicing contrast of plosives in typical phonological development and phonological disorder

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    Roberta Michelon Melo

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Investigar se as crianças com desvio fonológico apresentam características acústicas distintas de sons plosivos surdos e sonoros das crianças com desenvolvimento fonológico típico. MÉTODOS:Participaram do estudo 11 crianças com desenvolvimento fonológico típico e cinco com desvio fonológico e dificuldade na aquisição do traço [+voz] das consoantes plosivas. Por meio de palavras (['papa], ['baba], ['tata], ['dada], ['kaka] e ['gaga] inseridas em frases-veículo, mediu-se o voice onset time, a duração da vogal, a amplitude do burst e a duração da oclusão de cada plosivo. Foram comparados todos os registros acústicos de plosivos surdos e sonoros intra e intergrupo, por meio de testes estatísticos. RESULTADOS: As crianças com desenvolvimento fonológico típico apresentaram resultados significativos, principalmente, na diferenciação dos parâmetros de voice onset time, duração da vogal e oclusão de plosivos surdos e sonoros, diferentemente do observado para as crianças com desvio fonológico. A comparação entre os dois grupos mostrou diferenças quanto à produção de voice onset time e duração da oclusão dos plosivos sonoros. Com relação aos demais parâmetros analisados, os valores foram aproximados entre os grupos, sem diferença estatística. CONCLUSÃO: A marcação do contraste de sonoridade do grupo desviante mostra-se distinta em relação ao grupo de crianças com desenvolvimento fonológico típico, principalmente no que se refere ao voice onset time e à duração da oclusão dos segmentos sonoros.PURPOSE: To investigate if children with phonological disorder present different acoustic characteristics of voiceless and voiced plosives from children with typical phonological development. METHODS: Participants were 11 children with typical phonological development and five children with phonological disorder and difficulty to establish the distinctive feature [+voice] of plosives. Through words

  3. Caracterização fitofisionômica e levantamento florístico preliminar no Pantanal dos Rios Mortes-Araguaia, Cocalinho, Mato Grosso, Brasil Vegetation types and preliminary floristic survey in the Mortes-Araguaia Pantanal, Cocalinho, Mato Grosso, Brazil

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    Beatriz Schwantes Marimon

    2001-08-01

    Full Text Available O presente estudo realizou-se no Pantanal dos Rios Mortes-Araguaia, extensa planície inundável localizada no municípo de Cocalinho, nordeste de Mato Grosso, Brasil. Efetuou-se uma caracterização fitofisionômica e um levantamento florístico preliminar da região. Foram selecionados três Sítios, com fitofisionomias representativas: proximidades do Rio das Mortes (12° 37'S; 50° 55'W, foz do Rio das Mortes com o Araguaia (11° 54'S; 50° 48'W e porção mediana do Rio Cristalino (12° 52'S; 50° 49'W. O método de amostragem adotado foi o de levantamentos rápidos. Foram identificadas oito fitofisionomias: Mata Inundável, Caapão, Babaçual, Cerradão, Cerrado stricto sensu, Campo de Murunduns, Campo de Byrsonima orbignyana e Campo Cerrado de Vochysia rufa. Foram levantadas 248 espécies de árvores, arbustos, sub-arbustos e lianas, distribuídas em 158 gêneros e 62 famílias. As fitofisionomias apresentaram um padrão heterogêneo, sendo que nenhuma das espécies ocorreu em todas elas. Porém, Alibertia edulis (L. Rich. A. Rich., Andira cuyabensis Benth., Maprounea guianensis (Aubl. M. Arg., entre outras, ocorreram em seis das oito fitofisionomias. As famílias com maior riqueza foram: Caesalpiniaceae, Annonaceae e Myrtaceae. Ocorreram algumas semelhanças florísticas com o Pantanal do Rio Paraguai, porém, são necessários estudos mais aprofundados para confirmar. Os padrões de heterogeneidade fitofisionômica indicam que a área estudada necessita de medidas conservacionistas.This study was carried out in the Pantanal of the Mortes and Araguaia rivers, a flooded plain located in Cocalinho, northeastern Mato Grosso, Brazil. The objectives of this study were to conduct a preliminary survey of the flora and to characterize the vegetation types. Three representative sites were selected: one near Rio das Mortes (12° 37'S; 50° 55'W, one at the mouth of Araguaia and Mortes rivers (11° 54'S; 50° 48'W and one in the middle portion of

  4. THE EVALUATION OF 7-th GRADE PRIMARY SCHOOL STUDENTS’ GRAMMAR SKILLS IN TERMS OF SOCIOCULTURAL VARIABLES: ERZİNCAN SAMPLE İLKÖĞRETİM 7. SINIF ÖĞRENCİLERİNİN DİL BİLGİSİ BECERİLERİNİN SOSYOKÜLTÜREL DEĞİŞKENLER AÇISINDAN DEĞERLENDİRİLMESİ: ERZİNCAN ÖRNEĞİ

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    Oğuzhan YILMAZ

    2012-06-01

    varsayımını karşılamadığı durumlarda Kruskal Wallis HTestine müracaat edilmiştir. Çalışmanın sonucunda kendine ait bir kütüphanesi olan öğrencilerin dil bilgisi becerileri bakımından üst düzeyde olduğu tespit edilirken, cinsiyet, aylık gelir, anne-baba mesleği, anne-baba eğitim düzeyi, oturulan evin mülkiyet durumu, kendine ait oda durumu, eve gazete alma alışkanlığı, ders çalışma ve boş zamanları değerlendirme faaliyetleri gibi değişkenlerin öğrencilerin dil bilgisi becerileri üzerinde etkili olmadığı tespit edilmiştir.

  5. Electron microscopic, genetic and protein expression analyses of Helicobacter acinonychis strains from a Bengal tiger.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tegtmeyer, Nicole; Rivas Traverso, Francisco; Rohde, Manfred; Oyarzabal, Omar A; Lehn, Norbert; Schneider-Brachert, Wulf; Ferrero, Richard L; Fox, James G; Berg, Douglas E; Backert, Steffen

    2013-01-01

    Colonization by Helicobacter species is commonly noted in many mammals. These infections often remain unrecognized, but can cause severe health complications or more subtle host immune perturbations. The aim of this study was to isolate and characterize putative novel Helicobacter spp. from Bengal tigers in Thailand. Morphological investigation (Gram-staining and electron microscopy) and genetic studies (16SrRNA, 23SrRNA, flagellin, urease and prophage gene analyses, RAPD DNA fingerprinting and restriction fragment polymorphisms) as well as Western blotting were used to characterize the isolated Helicobacters. Electron microscopy revealed spiral-shaped bacteria, which varied in length (2.5-6 µm) and contained up to four monopolar sheathed flagella. The 16SrRNA, 23SrRNA, sequencing and protein expression analyses identified novel H. acinonychis isolates closely related to H. pylori. These Asian isolates are genetically very similar to H. acinonychis strains of other big cats (cheetahs, lions, lion-tiger hybrid and other tigers) from North America and Europe, which is remarkable in the context of the great genetic diversity among worldwide H. pylori strains. We also found by immunoblotting that the Bengal tiger isolates express UreaseA/B, flagellin, BabA adhesin, neutrophil-activating protein NapA, HtrA protease, γ-glutamyl-transpeptidase GGT, Slt lytic transglycosylase and two DNA transfer relaxase orthologs that were known from H. pylori, but not the cag pathogenicity island, nor CagA, VacA, SabA, DupA or OipA proteins. These results give fresh insights into H. acinonychis genetics and the expression of potential pathogenicity-associated factors and their possible pathophysiological relevance in related gastric infections.

  6. [A review of biographical studies on Goroji Nakagawa, a Japanese pioneer of Jennerian vaccination].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matsuki, Akitomo

    2007-09-01

    The first detailed biographical study of Goroji Nakagawa, a Japanese pioneer of Jennerian vaccination, dates back to 1885, when Yotoku Onuki wrote his paper on Nakagawa after his field survey in the Matsumae district. Since then information about him gradually began to be compiled by medical historians as well as local historians. Tatsuo Abe, a pediatrician, studied about Nakagawa in depth to publish a monograph entitled "Goroji Nakagawa and the Introduction of Vaccination" in 1943, on the 120th anniversary of the first trial of vaccination by him. This marked a great progress in the biographical study of Nakagawa. At the beginning of the 1960s Sichiro Murayama of Juntendo University identified one of the two Russian books that had been brought back by Nakagawa from Siberia and he translated it into modern Japanese. At that time the author made extensive bibliographical studies on various manuscripts of "Tonka Hiketu," a classical Japanese translation of the Russian book by Sadayosi Baba in 1820. The author also made a wide field survey on burial records and gravestones of the Nakagawa's family at Matsumae and Kawauchi where Nakagawa was born and died, and elucidated that Nakagawa was buried at Hogenji temple at Matsumae. The most recent advance was observed in the beginning of the Heisei period, when the author edited and published three volumes of "Hokkaido Iji Siryo Shusei" (Collected Papers on Medical Culture in Hokkaido) in which almost all the papers and manuscripts concerning Nakagawa which would be very beneficial for investigators were reproduced. During the past 120 years since 1885 numerous educational and medical historical papers about Nakagawa have appeared for the public as well as medical historians; however, most of them have conveyed incorrect information of his biography, resulting from repeated citation of inadequate and erroneous references.

  7. The profile of Brazilian agriculture as source of raw material to obtain organic cosmetics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neila de Paula Pereira

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available With one of the most notable floras in the world for sustainable research, the Brazilian Amazon region currently counts on financial incentives from the Brazilian Government for private national and foreign businesses. The ongoing implantation of a Biocosmetics Research and Development Network (REDEBIO aims to stimulate research involving natural resources from the Brazilian states that make up the zone defined as “Amazônia Legal”. The objective of this region, still under development in Brazil, is principally to aggregate value to products manufactured in small local industries through the use of sustainable technology currently being established. Certain certified raw materials already included in the country’s sustainability program, have also begun to be cultivated according to the requirements of organic cultivation (Neves, 2009. The majority are species of Amazonian vegetation: Euterpe oleracea (Açai, Orbignya martiana (Babaçu, Theobroma grandi-florum (Cupuaçu, Carapas guianensis (Andiroba, Pentaclethra macroloba (Pracaxi, Copaifera landesdorffi (Copaiba, Platonia insignis (Bacuri, Theobroma cacao (Cacao, Virola surinamensis (Ucuuba and Bertholletia excelsa (Brazil nut. These generate phytopreparations, such as oils, extracts, and dyes that are widely used in the manufacture of Brazilian organic cosmetics with scientifically proven topical and capillary benefits. In the final balance, Brazilian organic cosmetics should continue to gain force over the next few years, especially with the regulation of the organic cosmetics market that is being drafted by the Brazilian Ministry of Agriculture. Moreover, lines of ecologically aware products that provide quality of life for both for rural and metropolitan communities show a tendency to occupy greater space in the market.

  8. The Essence of Hindu Doctrine and its Influence on Christianity in America and Europe

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    Alexandru-Corneliu Arion

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper addresses the topic of the identity of Hindu religion and its impact on Christianity in the West (i.e. in Europe and USA, which is to be seen, especially through Neo-Hindu movements (that occurred mainly during 1950s–1980s. Thus, features and key terms such as: authority of the Veda, Dharma, moksha, samsāra and karma, the paths to liberation, concept of God, Brahman-ātman, avidyā and māyā and AUM are sketchily presented in the first part of the paper. There are obvious differences between both Hindu schools and Christian faith which regards 1. Ultimate concern: For the Hindu, it is escape from the human condition, whereas for the Christian it is freedom from guilt, sin, and the devil; 2. Human nature: For the Christian it is creaturely and sinful; for the Hindu it is divine; 3. Human problem: It is moral sin for the Christian and intellectual ignorance for the Hindu; 4. Resolution: For the Christian it is a divine act at infinite cost to God; for the Hindu it is human effort, sometimes mixed with grace, without cost to the god. In the second part it is presented the debated problem of Gurus and their movements and Neo-Hindu movements sprung at the second half of 20th century, such as Satya Sai Baba, International Society for Krishna Consciousness and meditation for “transcendental consciousness” (TM. In any case, the Indian offspring demonstrate that we have come to an important moment in the history of religions, one in which new religious landscapes continually emerge like the images of a kaleidoscope and where people will have to learn whether it is possible to share the same planet.

  9. Diversification of the vacAs1m1 and vacAs2m2 strains of Helicobacter pylori in Meriones unguiculatus

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    Sandra Mendoza Elizalde

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available The bacterium Helicobacter pylori exhibits great genetic diversity, and the pathogenic roles of its virulence factors have been widely studied. However, the evolutionary dynamics of H. pylori strains during stomach colonization are not well characterized. Here, we analyzed the microevolutionary dynamics of the toxigenic strain vacAs1m1, the non-toxigenic strain vacAs2m2, and a combination of both strains in an animal model over time. Meriones unguiculatus were inoculated with the following bacteria: group 1–toxigenic strain vacAs1m1/cagA+/cagE+/babA2+; ST181, group 2–non-toxigenic strain vacAs2m2/ cagA+/ cagE+/ babA2+; ST2901, and group 3–both strains. The gerbils were euthanized at different time points (3, 6, 12 and 18 months. In group 1, genetic alterations were observed at 6 and 12 months. With the combination of both strains, group 3 also exhibited genetic alterations at 3 and 18 months; moreover, a chimera, vacA m1-m2, was detected. Additionally, four new sequence types (STs were reported in the PubMLST database for H. pylori. Synonymous and non-synonymous mutations were analyzed and associated with alterations in amino acids. Microevolutionary analysis of the STs (PHYLOViZ identified in each group revealed many mutational changes in the toxigenic (vacAs1m1 and non-toxigenic (vacAs2m2 strains. Phylogenetic assessments (eBURST did not reveal clonal complexes. Our findings indicate that the toxigenic strain, vacAs1m1, and a combination of toxigenic and non-toxigenic strains acquired genetic material by recombination. The allelic combination, vacAs2m1, displayed the best adaptation in the animal model over time, and a chimera, m1-m2, was also identified, which confirmed previous reports.

  10. "If you thought this story sour, sweeten it with your own telling" - a feminist poetics of rewriting in Susan Price's Ghost dance

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    Sanna Lehtonen

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The attempts to challenge conventional gendered discourses in children's fantasy have often resulted in feminist rewritings of earlier stories. Ghost dance (1994 by the English author Susan Price is a novel that reflects a specific feminist poetics of rewriting: metafictional passages highlight the constructedness of the narrative and at the end readers are invited to tell their own versions of the story. Moreover, the rewriting freely combines and recontextualises elements from different source texts and reformulates them to create a narrative that challenges conventional discourses of gender. While this poetics has an appeal from a feminist perspective, the play with cross-cultural intertexts and gender becomes more complex when the novel is examined in a postcolonialist framework in relation to ethnicity and the issue of cultural appropriation. Ghost dance is situated in a setting that has a real-world equivalent (Russia, involves characters that are identified with names of real-world ethnic groups (Lapps (Sámi, Russian, and mixes elements from Russian wonder tales, Nordic mythology and an Ojibwe legend. The novel does not aim at historical accuracy in its representations nor is it a direct retelling of any of the pre-texts but combines motifs, themes, names, characters and settings freely from each source. In this textual melting pot, the protagonist Shingebiss is, on one level, a revision of the witch Baba Yaga, but also described as a Lappish shaman with an Ojibwe name. To rewrite gendered discourses, certain elements from the pretexts are chosen and others left out – the question is, then, what effects does this recontextualisation have on the representation of ethnicity? Or, are the feminist rewriting strategies actually a form of cultural appropriation?

  11. Molecular mechanisms of gastric epithelial cell adhesion and injection of CagA by Helicobacter pylori

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Backert Steffen

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Helicobacter pylori is a highly successful pathogen uniquely adapted to colonize humans. Gastric infections with this bacterium can induce pathology ranging from chronic gastritis and peptic ulcers to gastric cancer. More virulent H. pylori isolates harbour numerous well-known adhesins (BabA/B, SabA, AlpA/B, OipA and HopZ and the cag (cytotoxin-associated genes pathogenicity island encoding a type IV secretion system (T4SS. The adhesins establish tight bacterial contact with host target cells and the T4SS represents a needle-like pilus device for the delivery of effector proteins into host target cells such as CagA. BabA and SabA bind to blood group antigen and sialylated proteins respectively, and a series of T4SS components including CagI, CagL, CagY and CagA have been shown to target the integrin β1 receptor followed by injection of CagA across the host cell membrane. The interaction of CagA with membrane-anchored phosphatidylserine may also play a role in the delivery process. While substantial progress has been made in our current understanding of many of the above factors, the host cell receptors for OipA, HopZ and AlpA/B during infection are still unknown. Here we review the recent progress in characterizing the interactions of the various adhesins and structural T4SS proteins with host cell factors. The contribution of these interactions to H. pylori colonization and pathogenesis is discussed.

  12. Correlation between virulence markers of Helicobacter pylori in the oral cavity and gastric biopsies

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    Myriam Lucrecia MEDINA

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: The clinical outcome of Helicobacter pylori infection has been associated with virulence factors. The presence of these factors is useful as molecular markers in the identification of the high risk for developing severe gastric pathologies. OBJECTIVE: To correlate the presence of virulence markers cagA and bab2A of H. pylori in oral and gastric biopsy samples. METHODS: An observational, prospective, descriptive, and cross-sectional study was carried out between September 2011 and September 2012. Patients suffering dyspepsia with indication for upper gastrointestinal video endoscopy who attended the Gastroenterology Service of the Hospital Dr. Julio C. Perrando were included. Epidemiological investigation was completed. To detect the bacteria and their virulence genes, samples of saliva, dental plaque and gastric biopsy were taken and processed by PCR. RESULTS: Sixty-one patients were selected for this study (30 women and 31 men. H. pylori was detected in 31 gastric biopsies and 31 oral samples. Significant difference between oral and gastric samples was found in cagA genotype. Agreement between oral and gastric genotypes was found in 38.7% of samples from the same patient. CONCLUSION: This study is the first in provide information about the genotypes of the Argentinean Northeast H. pylori strains. Despite the high prevalence of H. pylori infection, the most of patients had less virulent genotypes in oral cavity and gastric tissue. The cagA / babA2 combination was not frequent in the samples studied. There was not a statistical correlation between the virulence genes and gastroduodenal or oral diseases. Although in some patients the same genotype was found both in oral and gastric samples, it cannot be ensure that they corresponding to the same strain because a DNA sequencing was not performed.

  13. A Sociological Approach to the Public Library Use Halk Kütüphanesi Kullanımına Sosyolojik Bir Yaklaşım

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    Bülent Yılmaz

    1996-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines from a sociological viewpoint the public library use of people living in Ankara. Data was gathered through a questionnaire which was completed by 1800 persons (6 years old and above residing in 600 households. Households were selected from various districts of Ankara where low-income, middle-class and well-off families lived. In this research public library use of subjects were investigated on the basis of the following variables: age, sex, occupation, marital status, geographic origin, levels of education and income, and the level of parents' education. As a result, it has been understood that the use of public libraries of individuals depends on the variations indicated. Bu araştırmada Ankara'daki 6 yaş ve üzeri nüfusun halk kütüphanesi kullanımları sosyolojik açıdan irdelenmektedir. Bunun için Ankara'da alt, orta ve üst sosyo-ekonomik semtlerde 600 hanede oturan 1800 kişiye anket uygulanmıştır. Araştırmada kişilerin halk kütüphaneleri kullanımlarının yaş, cinsiyet, medeni durum, meslek, eğitim düzeyi, coğrafik geçmiş, gelir düzeyi, anne-baba eğitim düzeyi gibi değişkenlerle ilişkisi incelenmiştir. Araştırma sonucunda, kişilerin halk kütüphanesi kullanımlarının bu değişkenlere bağlı olarak farklılık gösterdiği anlaşılmıştır.

  14. Solution structure of a reverse transcriptase recognition site of a LINE RNA from zebrafish.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Otsu, Maina; Kajikawa, Masaki; Okada, Norihiro; Kawai, Gota

    2017-10-01

    Long interspersed nuclear element (LINE) is known to be transposed by reverse transcription using its RNA transcript. Recognition of the 3' stem-loop of LINE RNA by its reverse transcriptase (RT) is an important step of the retrotransposition. Our previous study revealed that the second G residue (G8) in the GGAUA loop of a 17mer LINE RNA from eel, UnaL2-17, is recognized by its RT and the U residue (U10) in the same loop is required to maintain the loop structure (Baba S, Kajikawa M, Okada N, Kawai G. Solution structure of an RNA stem-loop derived from the 3' conserved region of eel LINE UnaL2. RNA 2004;10:1380-1387). ZfL2-2, a LINE from zebrafish, has the same 3' stem-loop with UnaL2 and ZfL2-1 has similar but distinct 3' stem-loop with an insertion which can form an additional stem-loop. Here, we determined the solution structure of the 34mer RT recognition site of the LINE RNA (ZfL2-1-34). It was found that ZfL2-1-34 forms a hairpin with an internal loop, the tertiary structure of which is superimposed with that of ZfL2-2. It is noted that A10 and the inserted stem-loop, starting with A12, in ZfL2-1-34 located at the positions corresponding to those of G8 and U10, respectively, in UnaL2-17. These results strongly suggest that the two LINEs share the similar recognition mechanism and the A10 in ZfL2-1-34 is the determinant recognized by its RT. © The Authors 2017. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Japanese Biochemical Society. All rights reserved.

  15. Alzheimer random walk

    Science.gov (United States)

    Odagaki, Takashi; Kasuya, Keisuke

    2017-09-01

    Using the Monte Carlo simulation, we investigate a memory-impaired self-avoiding walk on a square lattice in which a random walker marks each of sites visited with a given probability p and makes a random walk avoiding the marked sites. Namely, p = 0 and p = 1 correspond to the simple random walk and the self-avoiding walk, respectively. When p> 0, there is a finite probability that the walker is trapped. We show that the trap time distribution can well be fitted by Stacy's Weibull distribution b(a/b){a+1}/{b}[Γ({a+1}/{b})]-1x^a\\exp(-a/bx^b)} where a and b are fitting parameters depending on p. We also find that the mean trap time diverges at p = 0 as p- α with α = 1.89. In order to produce sufficient number of long walks, we exploit the pivot algorithm and obtain the mean square displacement and its Flory exponent ν(p) as functions of p. We find that the exponent determined for 1000 step walks interpolates both limits ν(0) for the simple random walk and ν(1) for the self-avoiding walk as [ ν(p) - ν(0) ] / [ ν(1) - ν(0) ] = pβ with β = 0.388 when p ≪ 0.1 and β = 0.0822 when p ≫ 0.1. Contribution to the Topical Issue "Continuous Time Random Walk Still Trendy: Fifty-year History, Current State and Outlook", edited by Ryszard Kutner and Jaume Masoliver.

  16. Lipase production by solid-state fermentation in fixed-bed bioreactors

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    Elisa d'Avila Costa Cavalcanti

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available In the present work, packed bed bioreactors were employed with the aim of increasing productivity and scaling up of lipase production using Penicillium simplicissimum in solid-state fermentation. The influence of temperature and air flow rate on enzyme production was evaluated employing statistical experimental design, and an empirical model was adjusted to the experimental data. It was shown that higher lipase activities could be achieved at lower temperatures and higher air flow rates. The maximum lipase activity (26.4 U/g was obtained at the temperature of 27°C and air flow rate of 0.8 L/min.O fungo Penicillium simplicissimum se mostrou, em trabalhos anteriores, um ótimo produtor de lipase por fermentação no estado sólido, quando cultivado em biorreatores do tipo bandeja, utilizando a torta de babaçu como meio de cultura. Com o objetivo de aumentar a produtividade e possibilitar uma ampliação de escala, foi investigado, no presente trabalho, o emprego de biorreatores de leito fixo com aeração forçada. Os biorreatores utilizados tinham 4 cm de diâmetro interno e 14 cm de altura útil. Empregando-se planejamento estatístico de experimentos como ferramenta, foram avaliadas as influências da temperatura e da vazão de ar sobre a produção de lipase nestes biorreatores. Os resultados obtidos permitiram ajustar um modelo empírico, o qual indicou que maiores atividades lipásicas são alcançadas para temperaturas mais baixas e vazões de ar mais altas. A atividade lipásica máxima (26,4 U/g foi obtida para temperatura de 27°C e vazão de ar de 0,8 L/min.

  17. Efficacy of the combined use of a mild foaming cleanser and moisturizer for the care of infant skin

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    Okamoto N

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Naoko Okamoto,1 Kaori Umehara,1 Junko Sonoda,1 Mitsuyuki Hotta,2 Hiroki Mizushima,1 Yutaka Takagi,1 Keiko Matsuo,3 Naoko Baba4 1Skin Care Products Research Laboratories, Kao Corporation, Tokyo, 2Biological Science Research Laboratories, Kao Corporation, Tochigi, 3Office of the President, Kao Corporation, Tokyo, 4Department of Dermatology, Kanagawa Children’s Medical Center, Yokohama, Japan Objective: Despite the application of skin care treatments, many infants have skin problems such as dryness and erythema. We proposed a new combination skin care for infants which consisted of a foaming cleanser with lower surfactant activity and moisturizers that contained pseudo-ceramide. Subjects and methods: A total of 50 infants (age: 3–24 months with insignificant levels of dry skin were enrolled in this usage trial. The parents washed the infants with the test cleanser while bathing and then applied the moisturizer (lotion or cream containing pseudo-ceramide. Prior to and following the 4-week usage period, visual evaluation of the skin condition was conducted by a dermatologist, in addition to instrumental analysis. Results: Erythema and papule, accompanied by dryness, were commonly observed at week 0. However, by week 4, these symptoms significantly improved; the condition of none of the subjects deteriorated. The number of infants with lower cutaneous barrier function and higher skin pH decreased. The parents of the infants recognized improvements in the skin symptoms and were appreciative of the test materials. Conclusion: The combined usage of the foaming cleanser with lower surfactant activity and a moisturizer containing pseudo-ceramide may be effective in maintaining healthy infant skin and ameliorating the skin symptoms. Keywords: infant, cleanser, lotion, cream, dryness

  18. Brookfield Care Centre, Leamlara,Cork

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    O'Toole, Paul W

    2010-03-10

    Abstract Background Helicobacter mustelae causes gastritis, ulcers and gastric cancer in ferrets and other mustelids. H. mustelae remains the only helicobacter other than H. pylori that causes gastric ulceration and cancer in its natural host. To improve understanding of H. mustelae pathogenesis, and the ulcerogenic and carcinogenic potential of helicobacters in general, we sequenced the H. mustelae genome, and identified 425 expressed proteins in the envelope and cytosolic proteome. Results The H. mustelae genome lacks orthologs of major H. pylori virulence factors including CagA, VacA, BabA, SabA and OipA. However, it encodes ten autotransporter surface proteins, seven of which were detected in the expressed proteome, and which, except for the Hsr protein, are of unknown function. There are 26 putative outer membrane proteins in H. mustelae, some of which are most similar to the Hof proteins of H. pylori. Although homologs of putative virulence determinants of H. pylori (NapA, plasminogen adhesin, collagenase) and Campylobacter jejuni (CiaB, Peb4a) are present in the H. mustelae genome, it also includes a distinct complement of virulence-related genes including a haemagglutinin\\/haemolysin protein, and a glycosyl transferase for producing blood group A\\/B on its lipopolysaccharide. The most highly expressed 264 proteins in the cytosolic proteome included many corresponding proteins from H. pylori, but the rank profile in H. mustelae was distinctive. Of 27 genes shown to be essential for H. pylori colonization of the gerbil, all but three had orthologs in H. mustelae, identifying a shared set of core proteins for gastric persistence. Conclusions The determination of the genome sequence and expressed proteome of the ulcerogenic species H mustelae provides a comparative model for H. pylori to investigate bacterial gastric carcinogenesis in mammals, and to suggest ways whereby cag minus H. pylori strains might cause ulceration and cancer. The genome sequence was

  19. Relapsing polychondritis with different types of ocular inflammations

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    Furuya N

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Nana Furuya, Toshiyuki Oshitari, Jiro Yotsukura, Takayuki Baba, Shuichi Yamamoto Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Chiba University, Graduate School of Medicine, Chuo-ku, Chiba, Japan Abstract: We were presented with two cases of relapsing polychondritis (RP associated with different types of ocular inflammation. The first case was a 35-year-old man who had bilateral hyperemic conjunctiva and ocular pain, and was referred to Chiba University Hospital with a diagnosis of episcleritis refractory. He was treated with dexamethasone eye drops. He developed tinnitus, deafness in both ears, and left auriculitis. A left auricular biopsy showed an infiltration of lymphocytes surrounding the cartilage. He was diagnosed with RP and treated with 30 mg/day oral prednisolone. After tapering the prednisolone, the scleritis in both eyes improved. The second case was a 71-year-old man who was deaf in both ears and had bilateral scleritis. At the first visit to our hospital, his left eyelid and right auricula were reddish and swollen, and he reported some pain. He was treated with intravenous antibiotics, and the left orbital cellulitis quickly improved. However, he developed right scleritis and left gonitis. Magnetic resonance imaging showed bilateral posterior scleritis and right auricular perichondritis. Auricular biopsy showed an infiltration of lymphocytes into the periauricular tissue. He was diagnosed with RP, and 40 mg/day oral prednisolone was given and his symptoms improved. Although RP is rare, it is a life-threatening disease. Thus, ophthalmologists should consider RP in patients with both ocular and auricular inflammation. Keywords: relapsing polychondritis, scleritis, oral prednisolone, ocular cellulitis

  20. Preventive effects of a phospholipid polymer coating on PMMA on biofilm formation by oral streptococci

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shibata, Yukie; Yamashita, Yoshihisa; Tsuru, Kanji; Ishihara, Kazuhiko; Fukazawa, Kyoko; Ishikawa, Kunio

    2016-12-01

    The regulation of biofilm formation on dental materials such as denture bases is key to oral health. Recently, a biocompatible phospholipid polymer, poly(2-methacryloyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine-co-n-butyl methacrylate) (PMB) coating, was reported to inhibit sucrose-dependent biofilm formation by Streptococcus mutans, a cariogenic bacterium, on the surface of poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) denture bases. However, S. mutans is a minor component of the oral microbiome and does not play an important role in biofilm formation in the absence of sucrose. Other, more predominant oral streptococci must play an indispensable role in sucrose-independent biofilm formation. In the present study, the effect of PMB coating on PMMA was evaluated using various oral streptococci that are known to be initial colonizers during biofilm formation on tooth surfaces. PMB coating on PMMA drastically reduced sucrose-dependent tight biofilm formation by two cariogenic bacteria (S. mutans and Streptococcus sobrinus), among seven tested oral streptococci, as described previously [N. Takahashi, F. Iwasa, Y. Inoue, H. Morisaki, K. Ishihara, K. Baba, J. Prosthet. Dent. 112 (2014) 194-203]. Streptococci other than S. mutans and S. sobrinus did not exhibit tight biofilm formation even in the presence of sucrose. On the other hand, all seven species of oral streptococci exhibited distinctly reduced glucose-dependent soft biofilm retention on PMB-coated PMMA. We conclude that PMB coating on PMMA surfaces inhibits biofilm attachment by initial colonizer oral streptococci, even in the absence of sucrose, indicating that PMB coating may help maintain clean conditions on PMMA surfaces in the oral cavity.

  1. Electron microscopic, genetic and protein expression analyses of Helicobacter acinonychis strains from a Bengal tiger.

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    Nicole Tegtmeyer

    Full Text Available Colonization by Helicobacter species is commonly noted in many mammals. These infections often remain unrecognized, but can cause severe health complications or more subtle host immune perturbations. The aim of this study was to isolate and characterize putative novel Helicobacter spp. from Bengal tigers in Thailand. Morphological investigation (Gram-staining and electron microscopy and genetic studies (16SrRNA, 23SrRNA, flagellin, urease and prophage gene analyses, RAPD DNA fingerprinting and restriction fragment polymorphisms as well as Western blotting were used to characterize the isolated Helicobacters. Electron microscopy revealed spiral-shaped bacteria, which varied in length (2.5-6 µm and contained up to four monopolar sheathed flagella. The 16SrRNA, 23SrRNA, sequencing and protein expression analyses identified novel H. acinonychis isolates closely related to H. pylori. These Asian isolates are genetically very similar to H. acinonychis strains of other big cats (cheetahs, lions, lion-tiger hybrid and other tigers from North America and Europe, which is remarkable in the context of the great genetic diversity among worldwide H. pylori strains. We also found by immunoblotting that the Bengal tiger isolates express UreaseA/B, flagellin, BabA adhesin, neutrophil-activating protein NapA, HtrA protease, γ-glutamyl-transpeptidase GGT, Slt lytic transglycosylase and two DNA transfer relaxase orthologs that were known from H. pylori, but not the cag pathogenicity island, nor CagA, VacA, SabA, DupA or OipA proteins. These results give fresh insights into H. acinonychis genetics and the expression of potential pathogenicity-associated factors and their possible pathophysiological relevance in related gastric infections.

  2. Genomic Analysis Reveals Hypoxia Adaptation in the Tibetan Mastiff by Introgression of the Gray Wolf from the Tibetan Plateau.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miao, Benpeng; Wang, Zhen; Li, Yixue

    2017-03-01

    The Tibetan Mastiff (TM), a native of the Tibetan Plateau, has quickly adapted to the extreme highland environment. Recently, the impact of positive selection on the TM genome was studied and potential hypoxia-adaptive genes were identified. However, the origin of the adaptive variants remains unknown. In this study, we investigated the signature of genetic introgression in the adaptation of TMs with dog and wolf genomic data from different altitudes in close geographic proximity. On a genome-wide scale, the TM was much more closely related to other dogs than wolves. However, using the 'ABBA/BABA' test, we identified genomic regions from the TM that possibly introgressed from Tibetan gray wolf. Several of the regions, including the EPAS1 and HBB loci, also showed the dominant signature of selective sweeps in the TM genome. We validated the introgression of the two loci by excluding the possibility of convergent evolution and ancestral polymorphisms and examined the haplotypes of all available canid genomes. The estimated time of introgression based on a non-coding region of the EPAS1 locus mostly overlapped with the Paleolithic era. Our results demonstrated that the introgression of hypoxia adaptive genes in wolves from the highland played an important role for dogs living in hypoxic environments, which indicated that domestic animals could acquire local adaptation quickly by secondary contact with their wild relatives. © The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Society for Molecular Biology and Evolution. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  3. Manipulation of pH Shift to Enhance the Growth and Antibiotic Activity of Xenorhabdus nematophila

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Yonghong; Fang, Xiangling; Cheng, Yongpeng; Zhang, Xing

    2011-01-01

    To evaluate the effects of pH control strategy on cell growth and the production of antibiotic (cyclo(2-Me-BABA-Gly)) by Xenorhabdus nematophila and enhance the antibiotic activity. The effects of uncontrolled- (different initial pH) and controlled-pH (different constant pH and pH-shift) operations on cell growth and antibiotic activity of X. nematophila YL00I were examined. Experiments showed that the optimal initial pH for cell growth and antibiotic production of X. nematophila YL001 occurred at 7.0. Under different constant pH, a pH level of 7.5 was found to be optimal for biomass and antibiotic activity at 23.71 g/L and 100.0 U/mL, respectively. Based on the kinetic information relating to the different constant pH effects on the fermentation of X. nematophila YL001, a two-stage pH control strategy in which pH 6.5 was maintained for the first 24 h, and then switched to 7.5 after 24 h, was established to improve biomass production and antibiotic activity. By applying this pH-shift strategy, the maximal antibiotic activity and productivity were significantly improved and reaching 185.0 U/mL and 4.41 U/mL/h, respectively, compared to values obtained from constant pH operation (100.0 U/mL and 1.39 U/mL/h). PMID:21660139

  4. Manipulation of pH Shift to Enhance the Growth and Antibiotic Activity of Xenorhabdus nematophila

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yonghong Wang

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available To evaluate the effects of pH control strategy on cell growth and the production of antibiotic (cyclo(2-Me-BABA-Gly by Xenorhabdus nematophila and enhance the antibiotic activity. The effects of uncontrolled- (different initial pH and controlled-pH (different constant pH and pH-shift operations on cell growth and antibiotic activity of X. nematophila YL00I were examined. Experiments showed that the optimal initial pH for cell growth and antibiotic production of X. nematophila YL001 occurred at 7.0. Under different constant pH, a pH level of 7.5 was found to be optimal for biomass and antibiotic activity at 23.71 g/L and 100.0 U/mL, respectively. Based on the kinetic information relating to the different constant pH effects on the fermentation of X. nematophila YL001, a two-stage pH control strategy in which pH 6.5 was maintained for the first 24 h, and then switched to 7.5 after 24 h, was established to improve biomass production and antibiotic activity. By applying this pH-shift strategy, the maximal antibiotic activity and productivity were significantly improved and reaching 185.0 U/mL and 4.41 U/mL/h, respectively, compared to values obtained from constant pH operation (100.0 U/mL and 1.39 U/mL/h.

  5. Species delimitation with gene flow: A methodological comparison and population genomics approach to elucidate cryptic species boundaries in Malaysian Torrent Frogs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chan, Kin Onn; Alexander, Alana M; Grismer, L Lee; Su, Yong-Chao; Grismer, Jesse L; Quah, Evan S H; Brown, Rafe M

    2017-10-01

    Accurately delimiting species boundaries is a nontrivial undertaking that can have significant effects on downstream inferences. We compared the efficacy of commonly used species delimitation methods (SDMs) and a population genomics approach based on genomewide single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) to assess lineage separation in the Malaysian Torrent Frog Complex currently recognized as a single species (Amolops larutensis). First, we used morphological, mitochondrial DNA and genomewide SNPs to identify putative species boundaries by implementing noncoalescent and coalescent-based SDMs (mPTP, iBPP, BFD*). We then tested the validity of putative boundaries by estimating spatiotemporal gene flow (fastsimcoal2, ABBA-BABA) to assess the extent of genetic isolation among putative species. Our results show that the A. larutensis complex runs the gamut of the speciation continuum from highly divergent, genetically isolated lineages (mean Fst  = 0.9) to differentiating populations involving recent gene flow (mean Fst  = 0.05; Nm  > 5). As expected, SDMs were effective at delimiting divergent lineages in the absence of gene flow but overestimated species in the presence of marked population structure and gene flow. However, using a population genomics approach and the concept of species as separately evolving metapopulation lineages as the only necessary property of a species, we were able to objectively elucidate cryptic species boundaries in the presence of past and present gene flow. This study does not discount the utility of SDMs but highlights the danger of violating model assumptions and the importance of carefully considering methods that appropriately fit the diversification history of a particular system. © 2017 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  6. Human gastric mucins differently regulate Helicobacter pylori proliferation, gene expression and interactions with host cells.

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    Emma C Skoog

    Full Text Available Helicobacter pylori colonizes the mucus niche of the gastric mucosa and is a risk factor for gastritis, ulcers and cancer. The main components of the mucus layer are heavily glycosylated mucins, to which H. pylori can adhere. Mucin glycosylation differs between individuals and changes during disease. Here we have examined the H. pylori response to purified mucins from a range of tumor and normal human gastric tissue samples. Our results demonstrate that mucins from different individuals differ in how they modulate both proliferation and gene expression of H. pylori. The mucin effect on proliferation varied significantly between samples, and ranged from stimulatory to inhibitory, depending on the type of mucins and the ability of the mucins to bind to H. pylori. Tumor-derived mucins and mucins from the surface mucosa had potential to stimulate proliferation, while gland-derived mucins tended to inhibit proliferation and mucins from healthy uninfected individuals showed little effect. Artificial glycoconjugates containing H. pylori ligands also modulated H. pylori proliferation, albeit to a lesser degree than human mucins. Expression of genes important for the pathogenicity of H. pylori (babA, sabA, cagA, flaA and ureA appeared co-regulated in response to mucins. The addition of mucins to co-cultures of H. pylori and gastric epithelial cells protected the viability of the cells and modulated the cytokine production in a manner that differed between individuals, was partially dependent of adhesion of H. pylori to the gastric cells, but also revealed that other mucin factors in addition to adhesion are important for H. pylori-induced host signaling. The combined data reveal host-specific effects on proliferation, gene expression and virulence of H. pylori due to the gastric mucin environment, demonstrating a dynamic interplay between the bacterium and its host.

  7. Frequency of virulence factors in Helicobacter pylori-infected patients with gastritis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salimzadeh, Loghman; Bagheri, Nader; Zamanzad, Behnam; Azadegan-Dehkordi, Fatemeh; Rahimian, Ghorbanali; Hashemzadeh-Chaleshtori, Morteza; Rafieian-Kopaei, Mahmoud; Sanei, Mohammad Hossein; Shirzad, Hedayatollah

    2015-03-01

    The outcome of Helicobacter pylori infection has been related to specific virulence-associated bacterial genotypes. The vacuolating cytotoxin (vacA), cagA gene, oipA and babA2 gene are important virulence factor involving gastric diseases. The objective of this study was to assess the relationship between virulence factors of H. pylori and histopathological findings. Gastroduodenoscopy was performed in 436 dyspeptic patients. Antrum biopsy was obtained for detection of H. pylori, virulence factors and for histopathological assessment. The polymerase chain reaction was used to detect virulence factors of H. pylori using specific primers. vacA genotypes in patients infected with H. pylori were associated with cagA, iceA1 and iceA2. In the patients with H. pylori infection there was a significant relationship between cagA positivity and neutrophil activity (P = 0.004) and chronic inflammation (P = 0.013) and with H. pylori density (P = 0.034). Neutrophil infiltration was found to be more severe in the s1 group than in the s2 group (P = 0.042). Also was a significant relationship between oipA positivity and neutrophil activity (P = 0.004) and with H. pylori density (P = 0.018). No significant relationships were observed between other vacA genotypes and histopathological parameters. H. pylori strains showing cagA, vacA s1 and oipA positivity are associated with more severe gastritis in some histological features but virulence factors of H. pylori do not appear to determine the overall pattern of gastritis. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  8. Comparative genomics and proteomics of Helicobacter mustelae, an ulcerogenic and carcinogenic gastric pathogen

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    O'Toole, Paul W

    2010-03-10

    Abstract Background Helicobacter mustelae causes gastritis, ulcers and gastric cancer in ferrets and other mustelids. H. mustelae remains the only helicobacter other than H. pylori that causes gastric ulceration and cancer in its natural host. To improve understanding of H. mustelae pathogenesis, and the ulcerogenic and carcinogenic potential of helicobacters in general, we sequenced the H. mustelae genome, and identified 425 expressed proteins in the envelope and cytosolic proteome. Results The H. mustelae genome lacks orthologs of major H. pylori virulence factors including CagA, VacA, BabA, SabA and OipA. However, it encodes ten autotransporter surface proteins, seven of which were detected in the expressed proteome, and which, except for the Hsr protein, are of unknown function. There are 26 putative outer membrane proteins in H. mustelae, some of which are most similar to the Hof proteins of H. pylori. Although homologs of putative virulence determinants of H. pylori (NapA, plasminogen adhesin, collagenase) and Campylobacter jejuni (CiaB, Peb4a) are present in the H. mustelae genome, it also includes a distinct complement of virulence-related genes including a haemagglutinin\\/haemolysin protein, and a glycosyl transferase for producing blood group A\\/B on its lipopolysaccharide. The most highly expressed 264 proteins in the cytosolic proteome included many corresponding proteins from H. pylori, but the rank profile in H. mustelae was distinctive. Of 27 genes shown to be essential for H. pylori colonization of the gerbil, all but three had orthologs in H. mustelae, identifying a shared set of core proteins for gastric persistence. Conclusions The determination of the genome sequence and expressed proteome of the ulcerogenic species H mustelae provides a comparative model for H. pylori to investigate bacterial gastric carcinogenesis in mammals, and to suggest ways whereby cag minus H. pylori strains might cause ulceration and cancer. The genome sequence was

  9. An Investigation of Pragmatic Functions and Position of Prevalent Persian Discourse Markers Used in Casual Conversations among Tehrani Speakers

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    Manizheh Alami

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Given that a systematic treatment of Persian Discourse Markers (hereafter DMs is almost absent in modern Persian linguistics and to bridge this gap, the audio-recorded data comprising 14 face to face casual conversations involving two-party and multi-party interactions among family members, acquaintances and close friends are used to shed light on these ‘frequently used’ but ‘frequently unnoticed’ linguistic elements. To document a list of the most common DMs typically used in Tehrani dialect of Persian language and to have a detailed description of their discoursal functions in talk, Brinton’s (1996 binary classification of DMs functions (textual and interpersonal was developed to provide an empirically-supported account of the functions and position of Persian DMs in interaction among Tehrani speakers. The present account of DMs which is basically ‘analytical description’ provides the reader with the knowledge about how Persian DMs operate in actual usage. The findings are built upon a 3105-word corpus including 14 audio-recorded conversations among 50 participants. Altogether 34 tokens of Persian DMs with an overall 254 occurrences were identified among which na/na baba (no/no daddy with the total of 33 (12.84% occurrences were the most frequently used Persian DM in the data which are followed by dige (no English equivalent, aare/ba’ale (yep/yes, yani (I mean, vali (but, haalaa/ alaan (now, bebin/nega kon (look and aslan (by no means/ never.To the author, research on the functions and distributional patterns of Persian DMs will broaden our knowledge of their discoursal behavior in language in general and contribute to the already growing cross-linguistic body of work on DMs.

  10. Diffusion-weighted imaging and diffusion-weighted whole-body imaging with background body signal suppression for characterizing esophageal cancer: a case report

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    Tomizawa M

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Minoru Tomizawa,1 Fuminobu Shinozaki,2 Aika Ozaki,2 Akira Baba,2 Yoshiya Fukamizu,2 Futoshi Matsunaga,2 Takao Sugiyama,3 Shigenori Yamamoto,4 Makoto Sueishi,3 Takanobu Yoshida51Department of Gastroenterology, 2Department of Radiology, 3Department of Rheumatology, 4Department of Pediatrics, 5Department of Internal Medicine, National Hospital Organization Shimoshizu Hospital, Yotsukaido City, JapanPurpose: Information on the extent or structure of esophageal cancer (ESC is necessary for identifying whether the carcinoma is localized or resectable. Diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI and diffusion-weighted whole-body imaging with background body signal suppression (DWIBS are useful for this purpose.Patients and methods: One case of ESC with dysphagia presented at our hospital. Endoscopic examination revealed an elevated lesion with an ulcer, and stenosis was detected. DWI showed a high-intensity signal extending from the proximal to the distal ends of the carcinoma and extending to the tunica adventitia. A strong signal was also observed using 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET. DWIBS clearly revealed ESC, and these findings, along with those from DWI, suggested that our case had stage-T3 ESC. FDG-PET did not reveal the detailed structure of the ESC. DWIBS, on the other hand, showed that the signal extended to the tunica adventitia and the lumen of the esophagus.Conclusion: These findings suggest that DWI and DWIBS are useful for the detection and assessment of ESC.Keywords: positron emission tomography, endoscopy, computed tomography, cross section, squamous cell carcinoma

  11. DJ Goa Gil: Kalifornian Exile, Dark Yogi and Dreaded Anomaly

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    Graham St John

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Connecting three generations of music enthusiasts, Goa Gil is an imposing figure in the world of psychedelic trance. If the title of his 2007 compilation registers intent, he is a Worldbridger. Bristling with motifs of world sacred sites and appropriated "tribal" icons, with Gil seated cross-legged upon the apex of a Mayan temple, the album's cover artwork confabulates the physical, spiritual and cultural worlds he professes to bridge. Leading world-wide "trance dance rituals" Goa Gil operates under the guise of a "techno-shaman", a "cyber-baba" and a selector/mixer of traditions whose rituals are reputedly timeless and universal. But this intent is performed amid a highly mobile lifestyle spread across diverse psychedelic music cultures, scenes and sensibilities in discrete times and places. From the 1960s Haight-Ashbury psychedelic rock scene, to the psychedelic jam band scene on Anjuna beach, Goa, India, in the 1970s, to the adoption of electronic music in a DJ-led scene in the 1980s, to the birth of "Goa trance" in the 1990s, to his selection, production and performance of dark psychedelic trance in the 1990s/2000s onwards, DJ Goa Gil's life spans a breathtaking panorama of this-worldly psychedelic scenes. Gil is a freak bricoleur, an anomalous figure who evades modest circumscription. A Californian exile and sanctioned Shaivite practitioner with a professional hankering for darkpsy (as a DJ-producer, a hippie broker of the "Cosmic Spirit" and a post-apocalyptic punk, he is a spiritual authority and cultural outlaw touring the planet with an improbable mix of semiotic and sonic baggage. What's more, celebrated as a champion of the "Goa vibe" or derogated as an accomplice to its demise, Gil is a controversial figure who is the embodiment of considerable ambivalence. This article explores this holiest of anomalies in the world of DJing.

  12. Mortalidad de vertebrados en la carretera Guanare-Guanarito, estado Portuguesa, Venezuela

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    Andrés Eloy Seijas

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Uno de los aspectos más investigados en relación a la “ecología de la carretera” es el atropellamiento de vertebrados silvestres. Se evaluó la distribución espacial y temporal de los atropellos de vertebrados en la carretera Guanare-Guanarito, estado Portuguesa, Venezuela. Desde 2008 hasta el 2010 se realizaron 26 viajes en carro a lo largo de 74km, a 50-60km/h, para un total recorrido de 1 924km. Se encontraron 464 animales muertos: 66 aves (25 especies, 130 mamíferos (15 especies y 268 reptiles (18 especies. La serpiente Leptodeira annulata (n=119, el rabipelado Didelphis marsupialis (n=39 y la baba Caiman crocodilus (n=33 fueron las especies con mayor frecuencia de atropellos. Excluyendo a los animales domésticos, se localizaron 0.2282indviv./km; cifra 28.30% mayor que la reportada en estudios previos en la misma vía. Los cambios en la frecuencia relativa de atropellos de algunas especies con respecto a los reportados hace 20 años, se relacionan con el incremento en el flujo vehicular y por modificaciones en el uso de la tierra. Se identificaron segmentos donde el número de individuos atropellados supera al esperado por azar. Los atropellos pudieran ser la principal causa de mortalidad para especies como el oso melero (Tamandua tetradactyla y el oso hormiguero (Myrmecophaga tridactyla, esta última considerada como una especie vulnerable. Se recomiendan algunas medidas básicas para disminuir la mortalidad de fauna en la carretera.

  13. Molecular mechanisms of gastric epithelial cell adhesion and injection of CagA by Helicobacter pylori

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Backert, Steffen

    2011-11-01

    Abstract Helicobacter pylori is a highly successful pathogen uniquely adapted to colonize humans. Gastric infections with this bacterium can induce pathology ranging from chronic gastritis and peptic ulcers to gastric cancer. More virulent H. pylori isolates harbour numerous well-known adhesins (BabA\\/B, SabA, AlpA\\/B, OipA and HopZ) and the cag (cytotoxin-associated genes) pathogenicity island encoding a type IV secretion system (T4SS). The adhesins establish tight bacterial contact with host target cells and the T4SS represents a needle-like pilus device for the delivery of effector proteins into host target cells such as CagA. BabA and SabA bind to blood group antigen and sialylated proteins respectively, and a series of T4SS components including CagI, CagL, CagY and CagA have been shown to target the integrin β1 receptor followed by injection of CagA across the host cell membrane. The interaction of CagA with membrane-anchored phosphatidylserine may also play a role in the delivery process. While substantial progress has been made in our current understanding of many of the above factors, the host cell receptors for OipA, HopZ and AlpA\\/B during infection are still unknown. Here we review the recent progress in characterizing the interactions of the various adhesins and structural T4SS proteins with host cell factors. The contribution of these interactions to H. pylori colonization and pathogenesis is discussed.

  14. Electron Microscopic, Genetic and Protein Expression Analyses of Helicobacter acinonychis Strains from a Bengal Tiger

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tegtmeyer, Nicole; Rivas Traverso, Francisco; Rohde, Manfred; Oyarzabal, Omar A.; Lehn, Norbert; Schneider-Brachert, Wulf; Ferrero, Richard L.; Fox, James G.; Berg, Douglas E.; Backert, Steffen

    2013-01-01

    Colonization by Helicobacter species is commonly noted in many mammals. These infections often remain unrecognized, but can cause severe health complications or more subtle host immune perturbations. The aim of this study was to isolate and characterize putative novel Helicobacter spp. from Bengal tigers in Thailand. Morphological investigation (Gram-staining and electron microscopy) and genetic studies (16SrRNA, 23SrRNA, flagellin, urease and prophage gene analyses, RAPD DNA fingerprinting and restriction fragment polymorphisms) as well as Western blotting were used to characterize the isolated Helicobacters. Electron microscopy revealed spiral-shaped bacteria, which varied in length (2.5–6 µm) and contained up to four monopolar sheathed flagella. The 16SrRNA, 23SrRNA, sequencing and protein expression analyses identified novel H. acinonychis isolates closely related to H. pylori. These Asian isolates are genetically very similar to H. acinonychis strains of other big cats (cheetahs, lions, lion-tiger hybrid and other tigers) from North America and Europe, which is remarkable in the context of the great genetic diversity among worldwide H. pylori strains. We also found by immunoblotting that the Bengal tiger isolates express UreaseA/B, flagellin, BabA adhesin, neutrophil-activating protein NapA, HtrA protease, γ-glutamyl-transpeptidase GGT, Slt lytic transglycosylase and two DNA transfer relaxase orthologs that were known from H. pylori, but not the cag pathogenicity island, nor CagA, VacA, SabA, DupA or OipA proteins. These results give fresh insights into H. acinonychis genetics and the expression of potential pathogenicity-associated factors and their possible pathophysiological relevance in related gastric infections. PMID:23940723

  15. Macular thickness and macular volume measurements using spectral domain optical coherence tomography in normal Nepalese eyes

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    Pokharel A

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Amrit Pokharel,1 Gauri Shankar Shrestha,2 Jyoti Baba Shrestha2 1Department of Ophthalmology, Kathmandu Medical College Teaching Hospital, 2B P Koirala Lions Centre for Ophthalmic Studies, Institute of Medicine, Kathmandu, Nepal Purpose: To record the normative values for macular thickness and macular volume in normal Nepalese eyes. Methods: In all, 126 eyes of 63 emmetropic subjects (mean age: 21.17±6.76 years; range: 10–37 years were assessed for macular thickness and macular volume, using spectral domain-optical coherence tomography over 6×6 mm2 in the posterior pole. A fast macular thickness protocol was employed. Statistics such as the mean, median, standard deviation, percentiles, and range were used, while a P-value was set at 0.05 to test significance. Results: Average macular thickness and total macular volume were larger in males compared to females. With each year of increasing age, these variables decreased by 0.556 µm and 0.0156 mm3 for average macular thickness and total macular volume, respectively. The macular thickness was greatest in the inner superior section and lowest at the center of the fovea. The volume was greatest in the outer nasal section and thinnest in the fovea. The central subfield thickness (r=-0.243, P=0.055 and foveal volume (r=0.216, P=0.09 did not correlate with age. Conclusion: Males and females differ significantly with regard to macular thickness and macular volume measurements. Reports by other studies that the increase in axial length reduced thickness and volume, were negated by this study which found a positive correlation among axial length, thickness, and volume. Keywords: macular thickness, macular volume, optical coherence tomography, Nepal

  16. Tsunami magnetic signals in the Northwestern Pacific seafloor magnetic measurements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schnepf, N. R.; An, C.; Nair, M. C.; Maus, S.

    2013-12-01

    In the past two decades, underwater cables and seafloor magnetometers have observed motional inductance from ocean tsunamis. This study aimed to characterize the electromagnetic signatures of tsunamis from seafloor stations to assist in the long-term goal of real-time tsunami detection and warning systems. Four ocean seafloor stations (T13, T14, T15, T18) in the Northeastern Philippine Sea collected vector measurements of the electric and magnetic fields every minute during the period of 10/05/2005 to 11/30/2007 (Baba et al., 2010 PEPI). During this time, four major tsunamis occurred as a result of moment magnitude 8.0-8.1 earthquakes. These tsunamis include the 05/03/2006 Tonga event, the 01/13/2007 Kuril Islands event, the 04/01/2007 Solomon Islands event, and the 08/15/2007 Peru event. The Cornell Multi-grid Coupled Tsunami model (COMCOT) was used to predict the arrival time of the tsunamis at each of the seafloor stations. The stations' raw magnetic field signals underwent a high pass filter to then be examined for signals of the tsunami arrival. The high pass filtering showed clear tsunami signals for the Tonga event, but a clear signal was not seen for the other events. This may be due to signals from near Earth space with periods similar to tsunamis. To remove extraneous atmospheric magnetic signals, a cross-wavelet analysis was conducted using the horizontal field components from three INTERMAGNET land stations and the vertical component from the seafloor stations. The cross-wavelet analysis showed that for three of the six stations (two of the four tsunami events) the peak in wavelet amplitude matched the arrival of the tsunami. We discuss implications of our finding in magnetic monitoring of tsunamis.

  17. "Kissing the crone": on a Slavic and pre-Slavic mythological figure

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    Katja Hrobat Virgolet

    2012-07-01

    , crawling under the skirt of the ‘baba’ (the oldest woman in the village is believed to protect from diseases and bring fertility. The ‘baba’ is most commonly associated with a mountain, which could point to the wider Eurasian representations of the mountain as the earth and a woman/mother. The Karst tradition which has it that a person falling on the ground has kissed ‘the snotty baba’ could also suggest that the ‘snotty baba’ is nothing but the earth itself. As stone monoliths or mountain names, ‘Babas’ commonly appear in the vicinity of archaeological sites. The toponyms show a pattern of the Baba opposed to a celestial male deity (Slavic Perun, often in a tripartite structure. The lasciviousness of the traditions about the ‘baba’ can be compared to those surrounding the Slavic goddess Mokosh. Both figures are associated with adjectives of moisture, debauchery, sexual traits, and to Mother Earth. However, the analogies go beyond the Slavic world. The traditions of ‘kissing the crone on the buttocks’ on going somewhere for the first time are known also in Liguria, the valleys of Adda and Mera, and Friuli in northern Italy, in Benevento in southern Italy, and in France up to Brittany. Like in Slovenia, people in northern Italy used to predict bad weather by observing the mountain ridge named after the ‘baba’ or ‘crone’. Moreover, Liguria has the same saying about falling down on the ground as the Karst tradition mentioned above. The widespread analogies all over Europe suggest a much more ancient background for the ‘baba’ than has been supposed. Particularly striking is the similarity between such specific grotesque, lascivious traditions as ‘kissing the baba or blowing up her buttocks’. The ‘Baba’ is an ambivalent folklore figure. Her degraded principle can be seen in horrifying representations and in the threats with repulsive, muddy, and snotty ‘crones’ on entering a town, in her connection with a sudden cold, winter

  18. Asperger Sendromlu ve Yüksek İşlevli Otistik Çocukların Eğitimden Yararlanma Düzeyleri

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    Alev Girli

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available Bu çalışma, İzmir ilinde Eylül 1999 ve Haziran 2000 tarihleri arasında, üniversite hastaneleri çocuk psikiyatrisi kliniklerinde Asperger sendromu ve yüksek işlevli otizm tanısı almış olan, yaşları 20-48 ay arasında değişen, 28 çocukla gerçekleştirilmiştir. Çocuklara TEACCH ve HANEN yaklaşımı temel alınarak hazırlanan eğitim programı beş yıl süre ile uygulanmıştır. Çalışmaya katılan çocukların anne-babalarından gönüllü olan 17 anne-babaya 16 hafta süren aile eğitim programı uygulanmıştır. Bu araştırmanın temel amacı, çalışma grubunu oluşturan çocukların uygulanan eğitim programından sağladıkları gelişmeyi, Psiko-Eğitimsel Profil Revize formu (PEP-R ile taklit, algı, ince motor, kaba motor, el-göz koordinasyonu, bilişsel ve sözel olmak üzere yedi gelişimsel; ilişki ve duygulanım, oyun ve materyallere ilgi, dil, ve duyusal tepkilerden oluşan dört davranışsal alanda incelemektir. Çalışmacının diğer bir amacı, anne-babası aile eğitim programına katılan çocuklarla, katılmayan çocuklar arasında eğitimden yararlanma düzeyi açısından faklılık olup olmadığını belirlemektir. Çocukların başlangıç düzeyi performansları ve son değerlendirmeleri PEP-R kullanılarak gerçekleştirilmiştir. Bireyselleştirilmiş eğitim programları (BEP TEACCH ve HANEN programlarından yararlanılarak hazırlanmıştır. Çocukların gelişimsel alanların hepsinde giriş becerileriyle çıkış becerileri arasında olumlu yönde anlamlı düzeyde artış ve otistik davranış özelliklerinde azalma olduğu istatistiksel olarak belirlenmiştir. Yirmialtı çocuk, ilköğretim yaşı geldiğinde kaynaştırma eğitimine katılabilecek düzeye ulaşarak ilköğretime başlamış, iki çocuk ise özel eğitim ilköğretim okuluna geçiş yapmıştır. Anne-babası eğitim programına katılan 17 çocuğun taklit ve kaba motor gelişim alanlarında kazan

  19. Topographic effect in marine magnetotelluric data and implications to the electrical conductivity structure of the mantle beneath the Tristan da Cunha hotspot area in southern Atlantic

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baba, K.; Chen, J.; Jegen, M. D.; Utada, H.; Kammann, J.; Geissler, W. H.

    2015-12-01

    Kiyoshi Baba1,2, Jin Chen2, Marion Jegen2, Hisashi Utada1, Janina Kammann3, and Wolfram H. Geissler4 1. Earthquake Research Institute, The University of Tokyo2. GEOMAR, Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel3. University of Hamburg4. Alfred Wegener Institute Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine ResearchTristan da Cunha Island is one of the hot spots in the Atlantic Ocean. The discussion about its source have not reached consensus yet whether it is in shallow asthenosphere or deeper mantle, because of lack of the geophysical observations in the area. A marine magnetotelluric (MT) experiment was conducted together with seismological observations in the area in 2012-2013 by collaboration between Germany and Japan, in order to give further constraints on the physical state of the mantle beneath the area. A total of 26 seafloor stations were deployed around the Tristan da Cunha islands and available data were retrieved from 23 stations. The MT responses were estimated for those available sites. The detailed data processing will be presented by Chen et al. in this meeting. In this study, we report on the topographic effect on the observed MT responses. During the cruises for seafloor instruments deployment and recovery, detailed bathymetry data were collected around the stations by onboard multi-narrow beam echo sounding (MBES) system. We compiled the MBES data and ETOPO1 data to incorporate the local and regional topography. Then, we applied iterative topographic effect correction and one-dimensional (1-D) conductivity structure inversion. The MT responses of each station were simulated by three-dimensional (3-D) forward modeling. Preliminary results show the overall feature of the observed MT responses at some stations were qualitatively well explained by the seafloor topography included in the conductivity structure model over the 1-D mantle structure. An extreme example is the station near the Tristan da Cunha Island. The impedance phases varies ~300 degrees in

  20. A composite score for a measuring instrument utilising re-scaled Likert values and item weights from matrices of pairwise ratios

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angie Hennessy

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available

    A methodology is proposed to develop a measuring instrument (metric for evaluating subjects from a population that cannot provide data to facilitate the development of such a metric (e.g. pre-term infants in the neonatal intensive care unit. Central to this methodology is the employment of an expert group that decides on the items to be included in the metric, the weights assigned to these items, and an index associated with the Likert scale points for each item. The experts supply pairwise ratios of an importance between items, and the geometric mean method is applied to these to establish the item weights – a well-established procedure in multi-criteria decision analysis. The ratios are found by having a managed discussion before asking the members of the expert panel to mark a visual analogue scale for each item.

    Opsomming

    ‘n Metode word aangebied waarmee ‘n meetinstrument (metriek ontwikkel kan word vir die evaluering van persone uit ‘n populasie wat nie self die data vir die ontwikkeling van die metriek kan voorsien nie (bv. vroeggebore babas in die neonatale intensiewe sorgeenheid. Die kern van hierdie werkswyse is die gebruik van ‘n deskundige groep wat die items vir die meetinstrument kies, gewigte aan die items toeken, en vir elke item ‘n indeks opstel wat met die Likert-skaal punte geassosieer word. Die deskundiges het paarsgewyse verhoudings tussen items verskaf en die meetkundig-gemiddelde metode is hierop toegepas om die itemgewigte te verkry – ‘n goedgevestigde gebruik in meerdoelwitbesluitkunde. Die paarsgewyse verhoudings is gewerf deur die deskundiges, na ‘n bestuurde bespreking, vir elke item ‘n visuele analoogskaal te laat invul.

    How to cite this article:
    Becker, P.J., Wolvaardt, J.S., Hennessy, A. & Maree, C., 2009, 'A composite score for a measuring instrument utilising re-scaled Likert values and item weights from matrices of pair wise ratios

  1. Chinese culture and demographic trends in Thailand and Malaysia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barbie, J

    1992-01-01

    The Chinese nationality contributes to over 5 million of 10% of the total population of Thailand and almost 35% of the total population of Malaysia. The aim of this paper is to summarize the nature and extent of Chinese influence on Thai and Malay culture. Migration of Chinese to southeast Asia dates back 2000 years; on the Malay peninsula, the first arrivals were in 1349. In Malaysia, arrivals began in the 15th century. The reasons were population pressure, floods, and famines. Social and political unrest also accounted for migration between 1855 and 1970. The Chinese in Malaysia are characterized as having a lower population growth rate than Malays and an abnormal sex ratio of 1000:930 in 1957, but severe ratios of 8 men to 1 woman in the 1820s. Islam forbids intermarriages. The Chinese have benefited from improvement in health care and had a low birth rate of 25/1000 in 1980. Migration has traditionally been from south China, and included migrations from Fujian, Hakkas, Guangdong, Chaozhou, and Hainan. The Chinese have maintained their own culture among the Muslim population. In Thailand, migrations occurred during the 13th century, following the collapse of Nan-Chao in 1253, but are first recorded during the Ming dynasty at the end of the 16th century. There are larger numbers of Chinese in Thailand than Malaysia. Chinese assimilated and the current rate of annual growth is estimated at 2%. The sex ratio was 1.4:1 in the late 1940s. 50% of the Chinese live in Bangkok and central Thailand. Older traditions are still maintained in Bangkok. There is the Chaozhou opera on Chinese New Year's Day and marriage is still preferred within one's own dialect. After 1946, the Chinese were not permitted to receive their education in their native language. By the third generation, there is greater assimilation. The minority of minorities in Malaysia were the Baba, who spoke better Malay than other Chinese. In Thailand, the comparable minority is the Yunnan who do not belong

  2. Distribution and biogeographic trends of decapod assemblages from Galicia Bank (NE Atlantic) at depths between 700 and 1800 m, with connexions to regional water masses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cartes, J. E.; Papiol, V.; Frutos, I.; Macpherson, E.; González-Pola, C.; Punzón, A.; Valeiras, X.; Serrano, A.

    2014-08-01

    The Galicia Bank (NE Atlantic, 42°67‧N-11°74‧W) is an isolated seamount, near NW Spain, a complex geomorphological and sedimentary structure that receives influences from contrasting water masses of both northern and southern origins. Within the project INDEMARES, three cruises were performed on the bank in 2009 (Ecomarg0709), 2010 (BanGal0810) and 2011 (BanGal0811) all in July-August. Decapods and other macrobenthic crustaceans (eucarids and peracarids) were collected with different sampling systems, mainly beam trawls (BT, 10 mm of mesh size at codend) and a GOC73 otter trawl (20 mm mesh size). Sixty-seven species of decapod crustaceans, 6 euphausiids, 19 peracarids and 1 ostracod were collected at depths between 744 and 1808 m. We found two new species, one a member of the Chirostylidae, Uroptychus cartesi Baba & Macpherson, 2012, the other of the Petalophthalmidae (Mysida) Petalophthalmus sp. A, in addition to a number of new biogeographic species records for European or Iberian waters. An analysis of assemblages showed a generalized species renewal with depth, with different assemblages between 744 and ca. 1400 m (the seamount top assemblage, STA) and between ca. 1500 and 1800 m (the deep-slope assemblage over seamount flanks, DSA). These were respectively associated with Mediterranean outflow waters (MOW) and with Labrador Sea Water (LSW). Another significant factor separating different assemblages over the Galician Bank was the co-occurrence of corals (both colonies of hard corals such as Lophelia pertusa and Madrepora oculata and/or gorgonians) in hauls. Munidopsids (Munidopsis spp.), chirostylids (Uroptychus spp.), and the homolodromiid Dicranodromia mahieuxii formed a part of this coral-associated assemblage. Dominant species at the STA were the pandalid Plesionika martia (a shrimp of subtropical-southern distribution) and the crabs Bathynectes maravigna and Polybius henslowii, whereas dominant species in the DSA were of northern origin, the

  3. Matruşka Göç İstismar Eğitim Eksikliği Negatif Ailesel Faktörler ve Çocuk Suçluluğu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akın Tütüncüler

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Göç etme ve istismara maruz kalma ile ilgili geçmiş yaşantıların çocuk suçluluğu üzerindeki olumsuz etkisi bilinmektedir. Ani-plansız ve özellikle ekonomik nedenlerle yapılan göç, aile içerisinde öfke ve saldırganlığa yol açarak çocuğun diğer aile bireyleri tarafından istismar edilmesine neden olabilmektedir. Bu çalışmada; Ocak 1994-Aralık 2004 tarihleri arasında Antalya Adli Tıp Şube Müdürlüğü’ne muayene için gönderilen ve haklarında herhangi bir suç işleme ya da suça iştirak etme iddiası bulunan 1163 çocuğa birebir anket uygulanmıştır. Katılımcılara yaş, cinsiyet, işlediği iddia edilen suçlar, göç öyküsü olup olmadığı ve göç öyküsü varsa nereden göç ettiği, fiziksel istismara uğrayıp uğramadığı, uğruyorsa kimler tarafından istismar uygulandığı, çocuğun ve anne-babasının eğitim düzeyi, aile nüfusu, kardeş sayısı, aynı odada uyuduğu kişi sayısı, çalışıyorsa işi, eski suç öyküsü, konularında sorular yöneltilmiştir. Elde edilen bulgular ilgili kaynakların ışığında değerlendirilmiştir. Anahtar kelimeler: Göç, çocuk suçluluğu, çocuk istismarı

  4. Pacific Array of, by and for Global Deep Earth Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kawakatsu, H.

    2016-12-01

    Recent advances in ocean bottom geophysical observations, together with advances in the analysis methodology, have now enabled us to resolve the regional 1-D structure of the entire lithosphere- asthenosphere system (LAS), from the surface to a depth of ˜200km, including seismic anisotropy (azimuthal), with deployments of ˜10-15 BBOBSs & OBEMs each for a year or so (Takeo et al, 2013, 2016; Baba et al., 2013; Lin et al. 2016). Thus the in-situ characterization of the physical properties of the entire oceanic LAS without a priori assumption for the shallow-most structure, the assumption often made for global studies, has become possible. We are now entering a new stage that a large scale array experiment in the ocean (e.g., Pacific Array: http://gachon.eri.u-tokyo.ac.jp/ hitosi/PArray/) has become approachable: having 10-15 BBOBSs as an array unit for a 1-2-year deployment, and repeating such deployments in a leap-frog way or concurrently (an array of arrays) for a decade or so would enable us to cover a large portion of the Pacific basin. Such array observations not only by giving regional constraints on the 1-D structure (including seismic anisotropy), but also by sharing waveform data for global scale waveform tomography (e.g., Fichtner et al. 2010; French et al. 2013; Zhu & Tromp 2013), would drastically increase our knowledge of how plate tectonics works beneath oceanic basins, as well as of the large scale picture of the interior of the Earth. For such an array of arrays to be realized, international collaboration seems essential. If three or four countries collaborate together, it may be achieved within a 10-year time frame that makes this concept attractive. It is also essential that global seismology, geodynamics, and deep earth (GSGD) communities work closely with the ocean science community for Pacific Array to be realized, as they would get most benefit from it. While unit array deployments may have their own scientific goals, it is important that they

  5. A STUDY ON THE RELATION BETWEEN PARENTS’ GENERAL IDEAS ABOUT CHILDREN BOOKS AND CHILDREN’S PERCEPTIVE LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT LEVEL ANNE VE BABALARIN ÇOCUK KİTAPLARI HAKKINDAKİ GENEL GÖRÜŞLERİ İLE ÇOCUKLARIN ALICI DİL GELİŞİM DÜZEYLERİ ARASINDAKİ İLİŞKİNİN İNCELENMESİ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Filiz ERBAY

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the study is to identify the relation between parents’ general ideas about children books and children’s perceptive language development level. The study is conducted with randomly chosen 112 six year old children attending preschool classes and their parents. Parents’ and Teachers’ General Ideas about Children Books Questionnaire, and Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test (PPVT are used as data collection devices. In this study in addition to descriptive statistics like frequency, percentage, arithmetic average, and standard deviation, as an analysis technique Pearson's Product Moment Correlation Coefficient is also used. At the end of the study is found that there is no significant relation between parents’ ideas about children books and children’s perceptive language development level. Bu araştırmanın amacı, anne ve babaların çocuk kitapları hakkındaki genel görüşleri ile çocukların alıcı dil gelişimi düzeyleri arasındaki ilişkiyi belirlemektir. Araştırma tesadüfî örneklem yoluyla seçilen ilköğretim okullarının ana sınıflarına devam eden altı yaşındaki 112 çocuk ile bu çocukların anne ve babaları üzerinde yapılmıştır. Araştırmada veri toplama aracı olarak Anne Baba ve Öğretmenlerin Çocuk Kitapları ile İlgili Genel Görüşleri Anketi ve Peabody Resim-Kelime Testi (PRKT kullanılmıştır. Araştırmada frekans, yüzde, aritmetik ortalama ve standart sapma gibi betimsel istatistiklerin yanında, Pearson momentler çarpımı korelasyon katsayısı analiz tekniğinden yararlanılmıştır. Araştırma sonucunda, anne ve babaların çocuk kitapları hakkındaki genel görüşleri ile çocukların dil gelişimi düzeyleri arasında anlamlı bir ilişki saptanamamıştır.

  6. Origin of conductivity anomalies in the asthenosphere

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoshino, T.; Zhang, B.

    2013-12-01

    Electrical conductivity anomalies with anisotropy parallel to the plate motion have been observed beneath the oceanic lithosphere by electromagnetic studies (e.g., Evans et al., 2005; Baba et al., 2010; Naif et al., 2013). Electrical conductivity of the oceanic asthenosphere at ~100 km depth is very high, about 10-2 to 10-1 S/m. This zone is also known in seismology as the low velocity zone. Since Karato (1990) first suggested that electrical conductivity is sensitive to water content in NAMs, softening of asthenosphere has been regarded as a good indicator for constraining the distribution of water. There are two difficulties to explain the observed conductivity features in the asthenosphere. Recent publications on electrical conductivity of hydrous olivine suggested that olivine with the maximum soluble H2O content at the top of the asthenosphere has much lower conductivity less than 0.1 S/m (e.g., Yoshino et al., 2006; 2009a; Poe et al., 2010; Du Frane and Tyburczy, 2012; Yang, 2012), which is a typical value of conductivity anomaly observed in the oceanic mantle. Partial melting has been considered as an attractive agent for substantially raising the conductivity in this region (Shankland and Waff, 1977), because basaltic melt has greater electrical conductivity (> 100.5 S/m) and high wetting properties. However, dry mantle peridotite cannot reach the solidus temperature at depth 100 km. Volatile components can dramatically reduce melting temperature, even if its amount is very small. Recent studies on conductivity measurement of volatile-bearing melt suggest that conductivity of melt dramatically increases with increasing volatile components (H2O: Ni et al., 2010a, b; CO2: Gaillard et al., 2008; Yoshino et al., 2010; 2012a). Because incipient melt includes higher amount of volatile components, conductivity enhancement by the partial melt is very effective at temperatures just above that of the volatile-bearing peridotite solidus. In this study, the electrical

  7. Antioxidant Activity of Whey from Milk Fermented with Lactobacillus Species Isolated from Nigerian Fermented Foods

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ifeoma Korie

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Eight Lactobacillus isolates obtained from five indigenous fermented foods (ogi, ogi baba, wara, kunnu and ugba were investigated. Wara is a dairy-based food while the others are not dairy-based. The bacteria were isolated on MRS agar and purified by successive streaking on the same medium. The whey fraction of skimmed milk fermented with each isolate was assayed for radical scavenging effects using 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH radical. All the whey fractions showed radical scavenging activities. The five isolates with the highest activities were selected. On the basis of Gram stain reaction, cellular morphology, biochemical tests and carbohydrate utilization profiles they were identified as strains of Lactobacillus brevis, L. fermentum, L. plantarum, L. casei and L. delbrueckii. The antioxidant activities of whey fractions from 24-hour fermentations with the selected organisms were investigated using both radical scavenging effects and lipid peroxidation inhibitory activity. The radical scavenging activity was generally higher than the lipid peroxidation inhibition, except in the L. plantarum strain, which did not show any significant difference in both activities. The probiotic potential of the isolates was evaluated by pH and bile tolerance. None of the selected isolates showed any growth at pH=2.0 but L. casei and L. delbrueckii survived at this pH. Four of the five selected isolates were able to grow in 0.5 % dehydrated bile, with L. casei strain showing the highest level of growth, followed by L. delbrueckii. L. plantarum strain was not bile tolerant. The ability of L. casei and L. delbrueckii strains to survive at pH=2 and grow in the presence of bile indicates that the isolates may be able to colonize the gastrointestinal tract. The findings of this study indicate that Lactobacillus strains isolated from indigenous Nigerian fermented foods could be useful as starter cultures to provide antioxidants in food and that fermented milk

  8. American uveitis society meeting october 31, 1994 san francisco, california.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lowder, C Y; Meisler, D M

    1995-01-01

    1 Ophthalmic manifestations of presumed rifabutin-related uveitis. Arevalo JF, Freeman WR, La Jolla, CA, USA. 2 Diagnosis of toxoplasmosis acute anterior uveitis by PCR. Cano J, Diaz M, Navee A, Maldonado M, Barcelona, Spain. 3 Neuroretinits in patients with AIDS. Berger B, Austin TX, USA. 4 Presumed varicella zoster retinitis in a pediatric patient with AIDS. El Baba F, Nachman S, Stony Brook, NY, USA. 5 ARN with hypopyon caused by EVB and herpes type VI viruses. Cano J, Diaz M, Navea A, Maldonado MJ, Barcelona, Spain. 6 CD8(+) T-lymphocytes and ocular infections in HIV(+) patients. Lowder CY, Butler CP, Dodds EM, Recillas-Gispert C, Cleveland, OH, USA. 7 Intravitreal foscanet for persistent CMV. Lieberman RM, Orellana J, New York, NY, USA. 8 Perfluorocarbon liquid versus air-fluid exchange during surgical repair of retinal detachment caused by cytomegalovirus retinitis in patients with AIDS. Sery T, Gomes J, Sando R, Dua H, Donoso L, Vrabec T, Philadelphia, PA, USA. 9 Endogenous ophthalmitis simulating retinoblastoma: a report of six cases. Shields J, Shields C, Eagle R, Barrett J, DePotter P, Philadelphia, PA, USA. 10 Ocular lymphoma resembling chronic postoperative endophthalmitis. Fox G, Chan CC, Whitcup SM, Nussenblatt R, Bethesda, MD, USA. 11 A phase II trial of combination chemotherapy for primary central nervous system lymphoma. Whitcup SM, Stark-Vanes V, Nussenblatt RB, Heiss H, Witte R, Bethesda, MD, USA. 12 Cancer-induced autoimmune retinopathy. Thirkill C, Sacramento, CA, USA. 13 Leukocytoclastic vasculitis. Tessler H. Chicago, IL, USA. 14 Bilateral choroidal neovascular membranes after Candida albicans chorioretinitis. Dodds E, Townsend-Pico W, Lowder CY, Lewis H, Cleveland, OH, USA. 15 An unusual complications of Toxoplasma retinochoroiditis. Gormley PD, Flaxel CJ, Pavesio CE, Conrad DK, Lightman S, London, UK. 16 Surgical removal of a choroidal neovascular membrane in sympahtetic ophthalmia. Conrad DK, McCluskey PJ, Schwartz S, Gregor Z. Lightman S

  9. Dense Ocean Floor Network for Earthquakes and Tsunamis; DONET/ DONET2, Part2 -Development and data application for the mega thrust earthquakes around the Nankai trough-

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaneda, Y.; Kawaguchi, K.; Araki, E.; Matsumoto, H.; Nakamura, T.; Nakano, M.; Kamiya, S.; Ariyoshi, K.; Baba, T.; Ohori, M.; Hori, T.; Takahashi, N.; Kaneko, S.; Donet Research; Development Group

    2010-12-01

    Yoshiyuki Kaneda Katsuyoshi Kawaguchi*, Eiichiro Araki*, Shou Kaneko*, Hiroyuki Matsumoto*, Takeshi Nakamura*, Masaru Nakano*, Shinichirou Kamiya*, Keisuke Ariyoshi*, Toshitaka Baba*, Michihiro Ohori*, Narumi Takakahashi*, and Takane Hori** * Earthquake and Tsunami Research Project for Disaster Prevention, Leading Project , Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC) **Institute for Research on Earth Evolution, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC) DONET (Dense Ocean Floor Network for Earthquakes and Tsunamis) is the real time monitoring system of the Tonankai seismogenic zones around the Nankai trough southwestern Japan. We were starting to develop DONET to perform real time monitoring of crustal activities over there and the advanced early warning system. DONET will provide important and useful data to understand the Nankai trough maga thrust earthquake seismogenic zones and to improve the accuracy of the earthquake recurrence cycle simulation. Details of DONET concept are as follows. 1) Redundancy, Extendable function and advanced maintenance system using the looped cable system, junction boxes and the ROV/AUV. DONET has 20 observatories and incorporated in a double land stations concept. Also, we are developed ROV for the 10km cable extensions and heavy weight operations. 2) Multi kinds of sensors to observe broad band phenomena such as long period tremors, very low frequency earthquakes and strong motions of mega thrust earthquakes over M8: Therefore, sensors such as a broadband seismometer, an accelerometer, a hydrophone, a precise pressure gauge, a differential pressure gauge and a thermometer are equipped with each observatory in DONET. 3) For speedy detections, evaluations and notifications of earthquakes and tsunamis: DONET system will be deployed around the Tonankai seismogenic zone. 4) Provide data of ocean floor crustal deformations derived from pressure sensors: Simultaneously, the development of data

  10. The Perception of Stress Pattern in Young Cochlear Implanted Children: An EEG Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vavatzanidis, Niki K; Mürbe, Dirk; Friederici, Angela D; Hahne, Anja

    2016-01-01

    Children with sensorineural hearing loss may (re)gain hearing with a cochlear implant-a device that transforms sounds into electric pulses and bypasses the dysfunctioning inner ear by stimulating the auditory nerve directly with an electrode array. Many implanted children master the acquisition of spoken language successfully, yet we still have little knowledge of the actual input they receive with the implant and specifically which language sensitive cues they hear. This would be important however, both for understanding the flexibility of the auditory system when presented with stimuli after a (life-) long phase of deprivation and for planning therapeutic intervention. In rhythmic languages the general stress pattern conveys important information about word boundaries. Infant language acquisition relies on such cues and can be severely hampered when this information is missing, as seen for dyslexic children and children with specific language impairment. Here we ask whether children with a cochlear implant perceive differences in stress patterns during their language acquisition phase and if they do, whether it is present directly following implant stimulation or if and how much time is needed for the auditory system to adapt to the new sensory modality. We performed a longitudinal ERP study, testing in bimonthly intervals the stress pattern perception of 17 young hearing impaired children (age range: 9-50 months; mean: 22 months) during their first 6 months of implant use. An additional session before the implantation served as control baseline. During a session they passively listened to an oddball paradigm featuring the disyllable "baba," which was stressed either on the first or second syllable (trochaic vs. iambic stress pattern). A group of age-matched normal hearing children participated as controls. Our results show, that within the first 6 months of implant use the implanted children develop a negative mismatch response for iambic but not for trochaic

  11. Helicobacter pylori bab Paralog Distribution and Association with cagA, vacA, and homA/B Genotypes in American and South Korean Clinical Isolates.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aeryun Kim

    Full Text Available Helicobacter pylori genetic variation is a crucial component of colonization and persistence within the inhospitable niche of the gastric mucosa. As such, numerous H. pylori genes have been shown to vary in terms of presence and genomic location within this pathogen. Among the variable factors, the Bab family of outer membrane proteins (OMPs has been shown to differ within subsets of strains. To better understand genetic variation among the bab genes and to determine whether this variation differed among isolates obtained from different geographic locations, we characterized the distribution of the Bab family members in 80 American H. pylori clinical isolates (AH and 80 South Korean H. pylori clinical isolates (KH. Overall, we identified 23 different bab genotypes (19 in AH and 11 in KH, but only 5 occurred in greater than 5 isolates. Regardless of strain origin, a strain in which locus A and locus B were both occupied by a bab gene was the most common (85%; locus C was only occupied in those isolates that carried bab paralog at locus A and B. While the babA/babB/- genotype predominated in the KH (78.8%, no single genotype could account for greater than 40% in the AH collection. In addition to basic genotyping, we also identified associations between bab genotype and well known virulence factors cagA and vacA. Specifically, significant associations between babA at locus A and the cagA EPIYA-ABD motif (P<0.0001 and the vacA s1/i1/m1 allele (P<0.0001 were identified. Log-linear modeling further revealed a three-way association between bab carried at locus A, vacA, and number of OMPs from the HOM family (P<0.002. En masse this study provides a detailed characterization of the bab genotypes from two distinct populations. Our analysis suggests greater variability in the AH, perhaps due to adaptation to a more diverse host population. Furthermore, when considering the presence or absence of both the bab and homA/B paralogs at their given loci and the

  12. Caracterização físico-química e dielétrica de óleos biodegradáveis para transformadores elétricos Physico-chemical and dielectric characterization of biodegradable oils for electric transformers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia R Silva

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available O óleo mineral, originário do petróleo, é o fluido isolante tradicionalmente utilizado em transformadores elétricos. Diante do apelo por fontes de energia limpa e renovável o setor elétrico também é pressionado a apresentar alternativas ao fluido de origem fóssil. Neste estudo, óleos de algodão, babaçu, girassol, milho e soja, foram avaliados quanto ao seu potencial para utilização como fluido dielétrico. As propriedades avaliadas foram densidade, viscosidade, acidez, tensão de ruptura, fator de perda, teor de água e corrosividade. Os resultados obtidos foram comparados aos limites estabelecidos na NBR 15422. Os óleos vegetais apresentaram densidade e viscosidade dentro dos limites recomendados; além disso, não se mostraram corrosivos mas devem ser submetidos a tratamentos específicos que os conduzam a atender outras especificações; o tratamento dos óleos com solução de hidróxido de sódio diminuiu a acidez, melhorou a tensão de ruptura e diminuiu o fator de perda.The mineral oil, originated from petroleum, is the insulating fluid traditionally used in electrical transformers. Responding to appeals for clean and renewable energy sources, the electrical sector is also under pressure to present alternatives to the fluid of fossil origin. In this study, cotton, `babassu', sunflower, corn and soybean oils were evaluated for their potential of utilization as a dielectric fluid. The properties investigated were density, viscosity, acidity, breakdown voltage, loss factor, water content and corrosivity. The results were compared with the values of the limits established in NBR 15422. Vegetable oils showed density and viscosity within the limits set by standard, however, higher than those presented by the studied mineral oil. It was found that vegetable oils have to pass through improvements to meet other specifications required. The treatment of oils with sodium hydroxide solution reduced the acidity, improved the breakdown

  13. Taking centre stage...

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-11-01

    HAMLET (Highly Automated Multimedia Light Enhanced Theatre) was the star performance at the recent finals of the `Young Engineer for Britain' competition, held at the Commonwealth Institute in London. This state-of-the-art computer-controlled theatre lighting system won the title `Young Engineers for Britain 1998' for David Kelnar, Jonathan Scott, Ramsay Waller and John Wyllie (all aged 16) from Merchiston Castle School, Edinburgh. HAMLET replaces conventional manually-operated controls with a special computer program, and should find use in the thousands of small theatres, schools and amateur drama productions that operate with limited resources and without specialist expertise. The four students received a £2500 prize between them, along with £2500 for their school, and in addition they were invited to spend a special day with the Royal Engineers. A project designed to improve car locking systems enabled Ian Robinson of Durham University to take the `Working in industry award' worth £1000. He was also given the opportunity of a day at sea with the Royal Navy. Other prizewinners with their projects included: Jun Baba of Bloxham School, Banbury (a cardboard armchair which converts into a desk and chair); Kobika Sritharan and Gemma Hancock, Bancroft's School, Essex (a rain warning system for a washing line); and Alistair Clarke, Sam James and Ruth Jenkins, Bishop of Llandaff High School, Cardiff (a mechanism to open and close the retractable roof of the Millennium Stadium in Cardiff). The two principal national sponsors of the competition, which is organized by the Engineering Council, are Lloyd's Register and GEC. Industrial companies, professional engineering institutions and educational bodies also provided national and regional prizes and support. During this year's finals, various additional activities took place, allowing the students to surf the Internet and navigate individual engineering websites on a network of computers. They also visited the

  14. A web-based survey of erection hardness score and its relationship to aging, sexual behavior, confidence, and risk factors in Japan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kimura, Masaki; Shimura, Satoru; Tai, Toshihiro; Kobayashi, Hideyuki; Baba, Shiro; Kano, Munehide; Nagao, Koichi

    2013-12-01

    Erection hardness is an elemental component of men's sexual quality of life that can be easily measured by the Erection Hardness Score (EHS). However, there are few published data regarding EHS, and there is little understanding of its relationships to aging, men's sexual behavior, sexual confidence, and risk factors in Japan. To assess EHS and how it correlates to aging, sexual behaviors, sexual self-confidence, and risk factors in a Japanese population database. A web-based cross-sectional nationwide survey conducted between March and May 2009 in Japan. EHS, lifestyle factors, comorbidities, general health, sexual confidence, frequency of sexual behaviors, and attitudes toward treatment of erectile dysfunction (ED). A total of 7,710 men with a mean age of 39.3 ± 13.0 years participated in this survey. In 6,528 participants who were not using phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors, 3,540 (54.2%) had EHS ≤ 3 and 1,196 (18.3%) had EHS ≤ 2. We found a significant age-dependent decrease in EHS, sexual confidence, and frequency of sexual activities. Sexual confidence was strongly associated with higher EHS but was also associated with older age groups, presence of offspring, awareness of better general health, and greater frequency of sexual activity. In age-adjusted multivariate logistic regression, risk factors for a lower EHS (defined as EHS ≤ 2) were heavy smoking, which was defined as more than two packs per day (odds ratio [OR], 1.7) or a history of metabolic syndrome (OR, 1.4), hypertension (OR, 1.2), and diabetes mellitus (OR, 1.4). EHS correlates to various elements, such as aging, sexual behaviors, sexual confidence, and ED-related risk factors, and can be a valuable tool in clinical practice for monitoring and treating ED and thereby improving the quality of life for men and their sexual partners. Kimura M, Shimura S, Tai T, Kobayashi H, Baba S, Kano M, and Nagao K. A web-based survey of Erection Hardness Score and its relationship to aging, sexual

  15. The First Archaeal ATP-Dependent Glucokinase, from the Hyperthermophilic Crenarchaeon Aeropyrum pernix, Represents a Monomeric, Extremely Thermophilic ROK Glucokinase with Broad Hexose Specificity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hansen, Thomas; Reichstein, Bianca; Schmid, Roland; Schönheit, Peter

    2002-01-01

    An ATP-dependent glucokinase of the hyperthermophilic aerobic crenarchaeon Aeropyrum pernix was purified 230-fold to homogeneity. The enzyme is a monomeric protein with an apparent molecular mass of about 36 kDa. The apparent Km values for ATP and glucose (at 90°C and pH 6.2) were 0.42 and 0.044 mM, respectively; the apparent Vmax was about 35 U/mg. The enzyme was specific for ATP as a phosphoryl donor, but showed a broad spectrum for phosphoryl acceptors: in addition to glucose, which showed the highest catalytic efficiency (kcat/Km), the enzyme also phosphorylates glucosamin, fructose, mannose, and 2-deoxyglucose. Divalent cations were required for maximal activity: Mg2+, which was most effective, could partially be replaced with Co2+, Mn2+, and Ni2+. The enzyme had a temperature optimum of at least 100°C and showed significant thermostability up to 100°C. The coding function of open reading frame (ORF) APE2091 (Y. Kawarabayasi, Y. Hino, H. Horikawa, S. Yamazaki, Y. Haikawa, K. Jin-no, M. Takahashi, M. Sekine, S. Baba, A. Ankai, H. Kosugi, A. Hosoyama, S. Fukui, Y. Nagai, K. Nishijima, H. Nakazawa, M. Takamiya, S. Masuda, T. Funahashi, T. Tanaka, Y. Kudoh, J. Yamazaki, N. Kushida, A. Oguchi, and H. Kikuchi, DNA Res. 6:83-101, 145-152, 1999), previously annotated as gene glk, coding for ATP-glucokinase of A. pernix, was proved by functional expression in Escherichia coli. The purified recombinant ATP-dependent glucokinase showed a 5-kDa higher molecular mass on sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, but almost identical kinetic and thermostability properties in comparison to the native enzyme purified from A. pernix. N-terminal amino acid sequence of the native enzyme revealed that the translation start codon is a GTG 171 bp downstream of the annotated start codon of ORF APE2091. The amino acid sequence deduced from the truncated ORF APE2091 revealed sequence similarity to members of the ROK family, which comprise bacterial sugar kinases and

  16. ÖMER NÂCİ A SHINING STAR OF AN ERA BİR DEVRİN PARLAYAN YILDIZI ÖMER NÂCİ

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    Sefa YÜCE

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Ömer Nâci, who lost his parents when he was very young, was raised in a foster family. He graduated form the Military High School and then the Military College and became a military officer. During his school years he was interested in literature. He had his poems published in various literary magazines. With his beautiful and effective speech skills he was renowned as an orator. He became an activist at secret societies before the 2nd Constitution.This study focuses on Ömer Nâci as a poet, his meeting with Mustafa Kemal, his role in the Committee of Union and Progress and also aims to introduce him as a model person to young generations. Küçük yaşta anne ve babasını kaybeden Ömer Nâci, evlatlık olarak büyür. Askeri İdadi ve Harp Okulunu bitirir. Subay olur. Okul yıllarında edebiyata ilgi duyar. Birçok edebî dergide şiirlerini yayımlar. Güzel ve etkili konuşmasıyla hatip unvanını alır. II. Meşrutiyet öncesi gizli cemiyetlerin aktif üyesi olur.Ömer Nâci, Trablusgarp, Balkan ve Birinci Dünya Savaşı’na gönüllü olarak katılır. Bu çalışmada Ömer Nâci’nin şairliği, Mustafa Kemal’le tanışması, İttihat ve Terakki Cemiyeti içinde oynadığı rol ele alınmış, ayrıca onun model bir şahsiyet olarak genç kuşaklara tanıtımı amaçlanmıştır.

  17. Anne-Babaların Yılmazlık Algılarının Bazı Değişkenler Açısından İncelenmesi

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    Sema Kaner

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Bu çalışmada, anne-babaların yılmazlık algıları, çocuklarında zihinsel yetersizliğin olup olmamasına, anne ya da baba olmalarına ve yaşlarına göre farklılaşıp farklılaşmadığı incelenmiştir. Araştırma grubu, zihinsel yetersizliği olan çocuğa sahip 105, çocuğu normal gelişim gösteren 419, toplam 524 anne-babadan oluşmaktadır. Araştırmada, Aile Yılmazlık Ölçeği kullanılmıştır. Veriler, MANCOVA ile analiz edilmiştir. Bulgular, Mücadelecilik, Öz-Yetkinlik, Yaşama Bağlılık alt ölçeklerinde ve ölçeğin toplamında normal gelişim gösteren çocuğa sahip anne-babaların kendilerini zihinsel yetersizliği olan çocuklu anne-babalara göre daha yılmaz algıladıklarını; babalara göre annelerin Öz-yetkinlik boyutunda daha yılmaz özelliklere sahip olduklarını; artan yaşla birlikte yılmazlığın öğelerinden olan öz-yetkinlik inançlarının ve yaşama bağlılığın anne-babalarda azaldığını ortaya koymuştur In this study, parental resilience was investigated in terms of having a child with and without intellectual disability, being mother or father, and parental age. Sample is consisted of 524 parents. 105 parents have children with intellectual disability, and 419 parents have typically developing children. Parental Resiliency Scale is used in this study. Data were analyzed by MANCOVA. Results showed that parents of children without disability perceived themselves more resilient in Challenge, Self-Efficacy, Commitment to Life subscales and also in Total than the other parent group; mothers have more resilient characteristics than fathers in SelfEfficacy subscale; parental resilience decreased by growth in age in Self-Efficacy and Commitment to Life subscales.

  18. The perception of stress pattern in young cochlear implanted children: an EEG study

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    Niki Katerina Vavatzanidis

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Children with sensorineural hearing loss may (regain hearing with a cochlear implant – a device that transforms sounds into electric pulses and bypasses the dysfunctioning inner ear by stimulating the auditory nerve directly with an electrode array. Many implanted children master the acquisition of spoken language successfully, yet we still have little knowledge of the actual input they receive with the implant and specifically which language sensitive cues they hear. This would be important however, both for understanding the flexibility of the auditory system when presented with stimuli after a (life-long phase of deprivation and for planning therapeutic intervention. In rhythmic languages the general stress pattern conveys important information about word boundaries. Infant language acquisition relies on such cues and can be severely hampered when this information is missing, as seen for dyslexic children and children with specific language impairment. Here we ask whether children with a cochlear implant perceive differences in stress patterns during their language acquisition phase and if they do, whether it is present directly following implant stimulation or if and how much time is needed for the auditory system to adapt to the new sensory modality. We performed a longitudinal ERP study, testing in bimonthly intervals the stress pattern perception of 17 young hearing impaired children (age range: 9-50 months; mean: 22 months during their first 6 months of implant use. An additional session before the implantation served as control baseline. During a session they passively listened to an oddball paradigm featuring the disyllable baba, which was stressed either on the first or second syllable (trochaic vs. iambic stress pattern. A group of age-matched normal hearing children participated as controls.Our results show, that within the first 6 months of implant use the implanted children develop a negative mismatch response for iambic but not

  19. Frequency-dependent tsunami-amplification factor derived from tsunami numerical simulations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsushima, H.

    2016-12-01

    spectral ratios will be used in development of recursive filter for real-time correction of tsunami site response. This study is supported by Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) KAKENHI grant 15K16309. I used tsunami-simulation code JAGURS, that is developed by JAMSTEC and Prof. Toshitaka Baba of Tokushima University.

  20. Genes de patogenicidade de Helicobacter pylori, polimorfismos de citocinas e fatores ambientais afetam o desenvolvimento de doenças gástricas: uma visão geral

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    Júlia Silveira Vianna

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Justificativa e objetivos: Helicobacter pylori é uma bactéria Gram negativa que coloniza o estômago de aproximadamente 50% da população humana mundial. Este microrganismo é o principal agente causal de gastrite e um importante fator de risco para o desenvolvimento de úlcera péptica e carcinoma gástrico. Os fatores que determinam essa diversidade de manifestações clínicas permanecem incertos, mas podem estar relacionados com a interação dos fatores bacterianos, sistema imune do hospedeiro e variáveis ambientais. O objetivo desta revisão é fornecer uma visão geral destes fatores que influenciam na susceptibilidade a desordens severas de infecção por H. pylori. Método: Para isso, foram selecionados artigos originais e de revisão através da pesquisa nas bases de dados bibliográficos PubMed, Portal de Periódicos CAPES e SCIELO. Resultados: H. pylori possui um conjunto de fatores de patogenicidade, tais como cagA, vacA, iceA, babA, para colonizar a mucosa gástrica e estabelecer infecção crônica. Estes fatores bacterianos são agentes essenciais em modular a resposta imune envolvida na iniciação da carcinogênesegástrica. Os fatores genéticos do hospedeiro contribuem para regular a resposta inflamatória e parao agravamento da lesão damucosa gástrica uma vez que a infecção gástrica por H. pylori induz a produção de várias citocinas pró e anti-inflamatórias no hospedeiro. O papel prejudicial dos fatores ambientais está relacionado com as precárias condições socioeconômicas, com o consumo de sal, com o tabagismo e com o consumo de álcool. Conclusão: Ao decifrar as regras deterministas - se houver - dessa interação entre fatores da bactéria, do hospedeiro e variáveis ambientais, será possível prever, tratar e, finalmente, prevenir graves doenças gastroduodenais.

  1. Produção de alface (Lactuca sativa L. sob diferentes doses de vermicomposto

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    M. S. Teodoro

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o efeito de diferentes dosagens de vermicomposto sobre a produção de alface, cultivar Baba de Verão. O ensaio foi conduzido em Latossolo Amarelo Distrófico de textura média fase caatinga litorânea, na Embrapa Meio-Norte, UEP – Parnaíba, de setembro a outubro de 2013. O delineamento experimental adotado foi o de blocos casualizados, com cinco tratamentos e quatro repetições.  Os tratamentos constituíram-se das dosagens de vermicomposto aplicadas na adubação das covas: 0 g/cova; 62,5 g/cova; 125 g/cova; 187,5 g/cova e 250 g/cova. As características avaliadas foram: Diâmetro da base (DB; Número de folhas (NF; Massa fresca da parte aérea (MFPA; Massa fresca da raiz (MFR; Massa seca da parte aérea (MSPA e Massa seca da raiz (MSR. Para todas as características avaliadas o vermicomposto de minhoca apresentou resultados aceitáveis, não havendo diferenças significativas para a maioria das características agronômicas estudadas. Os maiores pesos médios foram obtidos com a dosagem de 187,5 g/cova (40 t/ha. A biomassa fresca e seca da alface obtida nesta dosagem foram superiores em aproximadamente 50 e 49%, respectivamente, em relação à testemunha. O mesmo observa-se para a massa fresca e seca das raízes (25 e 24%, respectivamente, apesar de não diferirem estatisticamente entre os demais tratamentos. Apesar dos problemas relacionados ao pendoamento, a utilização do vermicomposto, permitiu a obtenção de alface, demonstrando que a adubação de plantio com este insumo orgânico pode ser considerada uma prática promissora na produção dessa hortaliça em sistemas orgânicos na região. Entretanto, é importante se adequar a época de cultivo, ou então, trabalhar com cultivares adaptadas para as condições edafoclimáticas da região.  Production of lettuce (Lactuca sativa L. under different doses of worm compostAbstract: Different dosages of fertilization on the production of

  2. EDITORIAL: Scanning probe microscopy: a visionary development Scanning probe microscopy: a visionary development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demming, Anna

    2013-07-01

    The development of scanning probe microscopy repositioned modern physics. When Rohrer and Binnig first used electronic tunnelling effects to image atoms and quantum states they did more than pin down theoretical hypotheses to real-world observables; the scanning tunnelling microscope fed imaginations, prompting researchers to consider new directions and possibilities [1]. As Rohrer once commented, 'We could show that you can easily manipulate or position something small in space with an accuracy of 10 pm.... When you can do that, you simply have ideas of what you can do' [2]. The development heralded a cavalry of scanning probe techniques—such as atomic force microscopy (AFM) [3-5], scanning near-field optical microscopy (SNOM) [6-8] and Kelvin probe force microscopy (KPFM) [9, 10]—that still continue to bring nanomaterials and nanoscale phenomena into fresh focus. Not long after the development of scanning tunnelling microscopy, Binnig, Quate and Gerber collaborating in California in the US published work on a new type of microscope also capable of atomic level resolution [3]. The original concept behind scanning tunnelling microscopy uses electrical conductance, which places substantial limitations on the systems that it can image. Binnig, Quate and Gerber developed the AFM to 'feel' the topology of surfaces like the needle of an old fashioned vinyl player. In this way insulators could be imaged as well. The development of a force modulation mode AFM extended the tool's reach to soft materials making images of biological samples accessible with the technique [4]. There have now been a number of demonstrations of image capture at rates that allow dynamics at the nanoscale to be tracked in real time, opening further possibilities in applications of the AFM as described in a recent review by Toshio Ando at Kanazawa University [5]. Researchers also found a way to retrieve optical information at 'super-resolution' [6, 7]. Optical microscopy provides spectral

  3. EDITORIAL: Multitasking in nanotechnology Multitasking in nanotechnology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demming, Anna

    2013-06-01

    resonance imaging and cancer treatment by hyperthermia. The introduction of scanning probe microscopy in the 1980s transposed the physics of nanoscale structures from elegant mathematical hypotheses to concrete observables. But if seeing is believing, control is power. Atomic force microscope probes could also be adopted as patterning devices, empowering researchers to manipulate the nanoworld to exacting designs [6]. There is even a report of early graphene fabrication from highly oriented pyrolytic graphite using this approach [7]. One of the natural advantages of patterning with a microscope probe is the opportunity for real-time monitoring of the process [8], and such dual functionality may be applied to current state of the art high-speed atomic force microscopy systems. With the 'coming of age' of high-speed atomic force microscopy, it is now possible to record movies of biological systems at the nanoscale to reveal the processes governing these systems in action [9]. As Toshio Ando explains in his recent review of the field, attempts at manipulating samples with the same probe used for high-speed atomic force microscopy imaging have already been reported. The vista of possibilities this opens includes the potential to observe the re-assembly of biological systems following deliberate breaking and the examination of complicated molecular architectures. The escalating interest in nanoscale research opened the flood gates for ZnO studies, as the community became captivated by the potential application of the nanomaterial's electronic properties in transparent electrodes in liquid crystal displays, thin-film transistors and light-emitting diodes. Zinc oxide's piezoelectric properties have also inspired researchers to investigate the energy harvesting potential of these structures [10]. The functions can be combined to produce self-powered vibration [11] and gas [1] sensing devices. In the sensor reported by Zhong Lin Wang and his colleagues in this issue, the Zn

  4. [Tuberculosis care and new horizon of Japanese society].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ishikawa, Nobukatsu; Nagayama, Naohiro

    2012-04-01

    disease', 'appropriate DOTS method for each patient', 'existence of side effects', or 'the relationship between treatment supporters'. Through working for the patients whose treatment management was difficult, we have learned that our attitude towards the patients is a most important first step to build a good relationship and mutual trust with the patients, and DOT is an important tool. For treatment supporters,'the patient-centered care', 'care by staying close to the patients' or 'cuddling the patient' s mind' is most necessary to lead the patients to cure. 5. Patient's view: Through DOTS, my life has been renewed: Kuniyoshi MAEDA (Himawari no kai; Ex-homeless TB patients self-help group). It is an unforgettable memory that I was hospitalized due to TB back in 2009. I was seriously ill with also diabetes mellitus. Because I had lost everything due to my friend's cheating, I could not trust anyone before the TB treatment. But I learned how to think of others through the daily communication with doctors, nurses, other staff at the hospital, and Public Health Center. They encouraged me every day and I came to desire to answer to their expectations. Public health nurses taught me that building the reliable relationship is so essential for humans, and I may not have realized this importance if I had not been treated for TB, or treated outside Shinjuku. I would rather say that I was lucky to have got TB, as I have become able to trust other people through DOTS TB care. DOTS is not only for medication, but also general health care and counseling. I hope that as many as poor people, especially homeless can have a similar experience by knowing more about TB and using a health service. I would like to cooperate with TB services if I can be useful. health: Toshio TAKATORIGE (Graduate School of Safety Science, Kansai University). Tuberculosis was ever the biggest health problem in Japan. Ministry of Health and Welfare and Public Health Centers were founded to push forward

  5. Prevalência de respiradores bucais em crianças de idade escolar Prevalence of mouth breathing in children from an elementary school

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josiane Marques Felcar

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Pretende-se identificar a prevalência de respiradores bucais em crianças de uma escola do ensino fundamental. Foram aplicados 496 questionários aos pais ou responsáveis das crianças de 1ª à 4ª série de uma escola fundamental, para identificar respiradores bucais. O questionário incluía questões sobre hábitos, sono, comportamento, alimentação, cuidados pessoais e respiração. Para comparar as variáveis entre respiradores bucais e nasais, foi utilizado o teste de Mann-Whitney e qui-quadrado. Para medir o efeito da exposição das variáveis explicativas sobre o desfecho primário, foi utilizada regressão logística e sua magnitude foi calculada por meio do odds ratio. A significância estatística foi estipulada em 5%. A taxa de devolução dos questionários foi de 84,5%. A prevalência de respiração bucal nessa população foi 56,8%. A mediana de idade foi sete anos (6-9. Não houve diferença estatisticamente significante entre os gêneros, 49,1% masculino e 50,9% feminino. O modelo final de regressão logística identificou as variáveis baba, dorme bem (associação negativa e ronca como fatores que predizem a ocorrência da respiração bucal. A prevalência de respiradores bucais foi semelhante à encontrada na literatura pesquisada. As variáveis babar, roncar e dormir bem (associação negativa podem predizer a ocorrência da respiração bucal.The objective of this article is to identify the prevalence of mouth breathing in children from an elementary school. 496 questionnaires were answered by 1st and 4th grade children's parents or sponsors in order to identify mouth-breathing. There were questions about habits, sleeping, behavior, eating, personal care and breathing. Mann-Whitney and the Chi-square tests were used to compare the variables between mouth-breathing and nose-breathing among the groups. To measure the exposure effect of the explanatory variables on mouse breathing, the test of logistic regression was

  6. Comparative Study on the Electrical Properties of the Oceanic Mantle Beneath the Northwest Pacific Ocean

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toh, H.

    2013-12-01

    responses as well. It, however, should be also noted here that the penetration depth beneath Site WPB is significantly smaller than that beneath Site NWP because the solar activity has been very low since 2006. References Ichiki, M., K. Baba, H. Toh and K. Fuji-ta, An overview of electrical conductivity structures of the crust and upper mantle beneath the northwestern Pacific, the Japanese Islands, and continental East Asia, Gondwana Research, 16, 545?562, doi:10.1016/j.gr.2009.04.007, 2009. Salisbury MH et al (2006) 2. Leg 195 Synthesis: Site 1201?A geological and geophysical section in the West Philippine Basin from the 660-km discontinuity to the mudline. Proc. Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Reports 195:27. Shipboard Scientific Party of ODP Leg 191 (2000) Northwest Pacific seismic observatory and hammer drill tests, Proc. Ocean Drilling Program, Initial Reports 191. Toh, H., Y. Hamano and M. Ichiki, Long-term seafloor geomagnetic station in the northwest Pacific: A possible candidate for a seafloor geomagnetic observatory, Earth Planets Space, 58, 697-705, 2006. Toh, H., Y. Hamano, M. Ichiki and H. Utada, Geomagnetic observatory operates at the seafloor in the Northwest Pacific Ocean, Eos, Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, 85, 467/473, DOI: 10.1029/2004EO450003, 2004.

  7. Experiences and perceptions of midwives and doctors when caring for mothers with pregnancy loss in a Gauteng hospital

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    LM Modiba

    2008-12-01

    getranskribeer is. Die data is ontleed deur oop kodering en konseptualisering te gebruik totdat versadigingspunt bereik is. Die sewe dokters en nege vroedvroue wat onderhoude toegestaan het, het hulle ondervindinge en persepsies beskryf tydens hulle werk met moeders wat miskrame gehad het. Dit was uit die resultate duidelik dat beide vroedvroue en dokters die kennis en ervaring ontbreek om moeders die nodige emosionele ondersteuning te gee. Probleme soos personeeltekorte en ’n oorvol saal is vir hulle oorweldigend. Daar word aanbeveel dat verdere navorsing op ‘n groter skaal in publieke hospitale uitgevoer word, ten einde te bepaal of die bevindinge dieselfde resultate sal oplewer. Daar word ook aanbeveel dat ’n beradingsprogram ontwikkel word om gesondheidsprofessionele te help om probleme in die saal te hanteer terwyl die moeders nog versorg word. Die hospitale moet riglyne, beleide en prosedures ontwikkel sodat gesondheidsprofessionele gevalle kan hanteer waar hulle nie die baba se lewe kan red nie. Multidisiplinêre benaderings en konferensies moet gereël word om die oorsake van perinatale verlies te bespreek.

  8. Was the Sun especially active at the end of the late glacial epoch?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alekseeva, Liliya

    In their pioneering work, the geophysicists A. Brekke and A. Egeland (1983) collected beliefs of different peoples, associated with northern lights. Our analyses of this collection show that these beliefs are mainly related to the mythological idea of ``abnormal'' deads (dead, childless old maids in Finnish beliefs; killed people; spirits dangerous to children). We find similar motifs in Slavic fairy tales about the ``Thrice-Nine Land,'' regarded as the other world in folkloric studies (in the Land where mobile and agitated warlike girls live, whose Head Girl is characterized by the words ``white snow, pretty light, the prettiest in the World,'' but whose name ``Mariya Morevna'' refers to the word ``mort''; where a river flows with its banks covered by human bones; where the witch Baba-Yaga dwells, being extremely dangerous for children). Moreover, it can be noted that similar narrative fabulous myths deal with the concept of auroral oval northern lights, since some specific features of the natural auroral forms are mentioned there, with their particular spatial orientations (to the North or West). This resembles the manner in which Ancient Greek myths describe the real properties of the heavenly phenomena in a mythological language. It is interesting that myths on the high-latitude northern lights spread even to the South of Europe (and, might be, to India and Iran). This fact can be understood in view of the following. It has been established that, during the late glacial epoch, the environmental and cultural conditions were similar over the area from Pyrenean to the Ural Mountains; the pattern of hunters' settlements outlined the glacial sheet from the outside. Relics of the hunters' beliefs can now be found in Arctic, where the environment and lifestyle remain nearly unchanged. The ethnographer Yu.B. Simchenko (1976) has reconstructed the most archaic Arctic myths. According to them, the World of dead is associated with the world of ice governed by the ``Ice

  9. Calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy of Sarcheshmeh and Sanganeh formations at Qaleh Jegh and Yazdan Abad sections (West of Kopet-Dagh Basin

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    Azam Gholami Fard

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available 1-    Introduction Kopet Dagh Basin is located on the northeast of Iran, extending over Iran, Turkmenistan and Afghanistan with a west-northwest to east-southeast trend. The Iranian part of the basin is located between 61°14ˊ and 54°00ˊE and 38°15ˊ and 35°38ˊ N. It constitutes the second most important hydrocarbon province of Iran after Zagros Basin. Cretaceous sediments are well developed and extensively exposed in this basin. In order to study the Biostratigraphy of Sarcheshme and Sanganeh Formations, the calcareous nannofossil assemblages have been investigated in two stratigraphic sections. Shokri (2000, Hadavi and Shokri (2000, Hadavi and Bodaghi (2000 & 2009, Dehghan (2002, Mahanipour et al. (2011a,b & 2012 and Mahanipour and Kani (2015 studied the calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy of Sarcheshme or Sanganeh Formation.   2-    Material & Methods The studied sections, the Qaleh Jegh section (located at a distance of 35 km to the northeast of Bojnord, on the Baba Boland mountain; N37°47ˊ57˝ and E57°16ˊ53˝ and Yazdan Abad section (located at north of Yazdan Abad village; N37°55ˊ34˝ and E57°35ˊ10˝. Sarcheshmeh Formation conformably overlies the Tirgan Formation and is in turn overlain by the Sanganeh Formation in both sections and Atamir Formation conformably overlies the Sanganeh Formation. Sarcheshmeh Formation measures 2660 m in Qaleh Jegh section and comprises argillaceous limestone (with limestone intercalations in lower part and shale (with limestone intercalation in upper part. A  fossiliferous limestone separates the Sarcheshmeh and Sanganeh. Sanganeh Formation measures 1400 m and consists of siltstones (with sandstone, shale or limestone intercalation in lower part and shale containing chert nodules (with siltstone intercalation in upper part. At Yazadn Abad section the 655 m thick succession of Sarcheshmeh Formation consists of alternating argillaceous limestone and limestone in lower part and

  10. The volcanic and tectonic history of Enceladus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kargel, J.S.; Pozio, S.

    1996-01-01

    reaccretion of Enceladus. Another area of cratered plains has modified craters (e.g., Ali Baba and Aladdin), which some workers have explained by anomalous heat flow and viscous relaxation; lateral shear and shield-building volcanism also may have been important. A young rift-like structure (northern Samarkand Sulci) has few craters and a concentration of cracks or grabens and flattened, flooded, and rifted craters. Pit chains and cratered domes suggest explosive volcanism. Smooth plains may have formed by cryovolcanic equivalents of flood-basalt volcanism. Pure H2O would be difficult to extrude through an icy crust and is cosmochemically improbable as a cryovolcanic agent. Density relations rule out eutectic brine lavas on Enceladus, but NH3-H2O volcanism is possible. Current steady-state tidal dissipation may cause melting of ammonia hydrate at a depth of ???25 km if the crust is made of ammonia hydrate or ???100 km if it is made of water ice. ?? 1996 Academic Press, Inc.

  11. Düşmeye Bağlı Yaralanmaların Adli Tıp Açısından Değerlendirilmesi

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    Mehmet Tokdemir

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Düşmeye bağlı yaralanmalar; acil servise başvurmalarda ve yaralanmalara bağlı ölümlerde önde gelen nedenlerden biridir. Düşmeler değişik şekillerde sınıflandırılmaktadır. Çalışmamızda, yüksek seviyeden (>5metre ve alçak seviyeden (<5metre düşme şeklinde olan sınıflandırma kullanıldı. Düz zemindeki düşmeler çalışmamıza dahil edilmedi. Bu çalışmada Fırat Üniversitesi, Fırat Tıp Merkezine Ocak 2000-Aralık 2004 yılları arasında başvuran 779’u erkek, 439’u kadın, yaş ortalaması 22.2+22.9 (en küçük 1, en büyük 95 yaş olan toplam 1218 düşme olgusu retrospektif olarak incelendi. Olguların, 927’si alçak, 213’ü yüksek, 78’i ise bilinmeyen bir seviyeden düşmüştür. Olgular; cinsiyet, yaş, yaş grupları, düşme seviyesi, basit tıbbi müdahale, yaşamsal tehlike, Glasgow Koma Skoru (GKS, yaralanan vücut bölgesi, mortalité oranı, aylara göre dağılımı açısından değerlendirildi. Yüksek ve alçak seviyeden düşme açısından cinsiyet ve yaş farkı tespit edilmedi (p = 0.1. Yüksek seviyeden düşmelerde yaşamsal tehlikeye maruz kalma %37.6 iken, alçak seviyeden düşmelerde ise bu oranın %20.4 olduğu saptandı (p = 0.0001. Benzer şekilde yüksek seviyeden düşmelerde GKS’nin, alçak seviyeden düşmelere göre daha düşük puanlarda olduğu belirlendi (p=0.0001. Düşmelerin pediatrik yaş grubunda (%59.2 daha yüksek, erişkin (%32.7 ve yaşlılarda (%8.1 daha düşük olduğu tespit edildi. Sonuç olarak; düşmeler mortalité ve morbidité riski taşımaları ve sağlık sistemine önemli bir yük getirmeleri açısından dikkate almmalıdn. Pediatrik yaş grubunda sıklıkla görülmesinden dolayı; anne baba eğitimi, oyun esnasında çocuğun gözetlenmesi, pencere ve balkonlarda güvenliği sağlayacak önlemlerin alınması gerekmektedir. Anahtar kelimeler: Düşme, yükseklik, yaşamsal tehlike, glasgow koma skoru.

  12. Çalışan çocukların ailede istismarı/Abuse of working children within the family

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    Emine Öncü

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Amaç: Çalışmamız çalışan çocukların ailede ve işyerinde uğradıkları istismar türü/ türleri ile istismarı etkileyen faktörlerin belirlenmesi için çok amaçlı planlanmıştır. Bu yazıda aile içi istismar değerlendirilmiştir. Yöntem: Kesitsel nitelikteki bu çalışmanın verileri, 18 yaş altı 595 çıraktan anket formu ile toplandı. Verilerin özetlenmesinde tanımlayıcı istatistikler, risk faktörlerinin belirlenmesinde Binary Lojistik Regresyon Analizi kullanıldı. Bulgular: Çocukların %20.0’ının fiziksel, %9.6’sının duygusal, %2.7’sinin cinsel olmak üzere toplamda %24.7’sinin baba, anne, kardeş ve akrabaları tarafından istismara uğradığı, %12.4’ünün fiziksel ve %21.0’ının duygusal olmak üzere toplamda %27.1’inin ihmale uğradığı saptandı. Aile gelirinin kötü olması her tür istismar ve ihmal olasılığını arttırırken, kız olmanın duygusal ve cinsel istismar ile duygusal ihmale uğrama olasılığını arttırdığı tespit edildi. Sonuç: Çalışan çocuklar arasında aile içi istismar ve ihmalin halen önemini koruduğu görülmektedir. Riskli ailelerin ev ziyaretleri ile yakından izlenmesi ve yapılacak sosyal çalışmalar istismar riskini azaltmada etkili olabilir. Anahtar Kelimeler: Çalışan çocuk, istismar, ihmal, aile Abuse of working children within the family Objective: This study was planned as a multi-purpose study in order to determine not only the types of abuse of the working children within the family but also to consider the factors influencing the abuse. Abuse within the family has been evaluated. Method: The data of this cross-sectional study were collected with questionnaires applied to 595 apprentices under the age of 18. Descriptive statistics are used to summarize the data and Binary Logistic Analyses are used in determining the risk factors.Results: It was determined that 20% of the children were abused physically, 9.6% emotionally, 2

  13. Desenvolvimento e validação de método analítico em CLAE-UV para a quantificação de ácido retinóico em microcápsulas de alginato e quitosana

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    Fabiana Toledo Velloso

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available O ácido retinóico (AR tem sido utilizado para o tratamento de acne severa, rugas, estrias e celulite, no entanto, provoca irritação na pele e sofre rápida degradação quando exposto à luz e ao calor. Métodos analíticos rápidos para quantificação do AR são, portanto, necessários para ensaios de cinética de liberação in vitro. Nesse contexto, o objetivo deste trabalho foi desenvolver e validar um método rápido e sensível para o doseamento do AR em microcápsulas de alginato/quitosana contendo óleo de babaçu dispersas em gel natrosol® por cromatografia líquida de alta eficiência associada à espectroscopia UV e aplicá-lo na avaliação do perfil de liberação in vitro dessas formulações. As análises foram realizadas em modo isocrático utilizando coluna C18 de fase reversa 150 x 4,6 mm (5 μm com detecção a 350 nm. A fase móvel foi constituída de metanol e ácido acético 1% (85:15 v/v com vazão de 1,8 mL/minuto. A faixa de linearidade do método foi de 0,5 a 60 μg/mL (r² = 0,999. O método validado mostrou-se sensível, específico, exato, preciso, de baixo custo e o tempo de retenção do AR foi de 5,8 ± 0,4 minutos sendo, desta forma, mais rápido do que os relatados na literatura.Retinoic acid (RA has been used in the treatment of severe acne, wrinkles and cellulite. However, it induces skin irritation and rapidly suffers degradation under light and high temperate exposure. Rapid analytical methods to quantify retinoic acid are therefore mandatory for in vitro drug release studies. In this framework, the aim of this study was to develop and validate a rapid and responsive method to quantify the RA in microcapsules of chitosan and alginate containing babassu oil dispersed in natrosol® hydrogel using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC. Furthermore this method was used to quantify in vitro release kinetics of RA from microcapsules. The analyses have been carried through an isocratic HPLC-UV method

  14. Efeito da berinjela sobre os lípides plasmáticos, a peroxidação lipídica e a reversão da disfunção endotelial na hipercolesterolemia experimental Effect of eggplant on plasma lipid levels, lipidic peroxidation and reversion of endothelial dysfunction in experimental hypercholesterolemia

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    Paulo Afonso Ribeiro Jorge

    1998-02-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Estudar o efeito do suco da berinjela sobre os lípides plasmáticos, o colesterol tecidual, a peroxidação lipídica das LDL nativas, oxidadas e da parede arterial e o relaxamento dependente do endotélio, em coelhos hipercolesterolêmicos. MÉTODOS: Coelhos foram separados em grupos controle (GC, hipercolesterolêmico (GH e berinjela (GB, (n=10. Os animais do GC foram alimentados com ração normal, o GH e o GB com ração acrescentada de colesterol (0,5% e gordura de babaçu (10% durante 30 dias. Ao GB acrescentou-se suco de berinjela, nos últimos 15 dias do experimento. Os lípides plasmáticos foram medidos através de kits enzimáticos, a peroxidação lipídica pela dosagem do malondialdeído (MDA e o relaxamento dependente do endotélio, por curvas de concentração efeito pela acetilcolina e nitroprussiato. RESULTADOS: O peso dos animais foi menor no GB em relação ao GC e GH (pPURPOSE: To study the effect of egg plant on endothelium-dependent relaxation, and plasma lipids in hypercholesterolemic rabbits, and to assess influence of this plant on the malondialdehyde (MDA content of LDL particles and the arterial wall. METHODS: Thirteen male rabbits were randomly assigned to control (C, hypercholesterolemic (H and egg plant (E treated groups (n=10 each. The H and E rabbits were fed a diet supplemented with cholesterol (0.5% and coconut oil (10% for 4 weeks. In addition, group E received 10mL of the fruit juice/day during the last 2 weeks.The animals were killed and the aorta removed to measure MDA content and the endothelium dependent relaxation responses. Total plasma cholesterol, VLDL, LDL, HDL and triglyceride levels were determined using commercial kits. MDA was quantified in native and oxidized LDL and in the arterial wall. RESULTS: After 4 weeks, the E group rabbits had a significantly lower weight , plasma cholesterol, LDL, triglyceride and aortic cholesterol contentthan group H(p<0.05. The MDA content that was

  15. Book Reviews

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    Lynn Pan

    2000-04-01

    horizon; Short stories from contemporary Indonesia. Clayton, Victoria: Monash Asia Institute, 1998, xxxviii + 201 pp. - John N. Miksic, Helena A. van Bemmel, Dvarapalas in Indonesia; Temple guardians and acculturation, 1994, xvii + 249 pp. Rotterdam: Balkema. [Modern Quarternary Research in Southeast Asia 13.] - Remco Raben, Paul van Beckum, Adoe Den Haag; Getuigessen uit Indisch Den Haag. Den Haag: SeaPress, 1998, 200 pp. - Cornelia M.J. van der Sluys, Colin Nicholas, Pathway to dependence; Commodity relations and the dissolution of Semai society. Clayton: Centre of Southeast Asian Studies, Monash University, 1994, vii + 130 pp. [Monash Papers on Southeast Asia 33.] - David Stuart-Fox, Herman C. Kemp, Bibliographies on Southeast Asia. Leiden: KITLV Press, 1998, xvii + 1128 pp. - Sikko Visscher, Lynn Pan, The encyclopedia of the Chinese overseas. Richmond, Surrey: Curzon, 1999, 399 pp. - Sikko Visscher, Jurgen Rudolph, Reconstructing identities; A social history of the Babas in Singapore. Aldershot: Ashgate, 1998, 507 pp. - Edwin Wieringa, Perry Moree, ‘Met vriend die God geleide’; Het Nederlands-Aziatisch postvervoer ten tijde van de Verenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie. Zutphen: Walburg Pers, 1998, 287 pp. - Edwin Wieringa, Monique Zaini-Lajoubert, L’image de la femme dans les littératures modernes indonésienne et malaise. Paris: Association Archipel, 1994, ix + 221 pp. [Cahiers d‘Archipel 24.

  16. The expectations of fathers concerning care provided by midwives to the mothers during labour

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    Anna G.W. Nolte

    2012-02-01

    ondersteun tydens die kraamproses. Vroedvroue verskaf moeder-gesentreerde sorg, maar dit is nogtans belangrik dat hulle onthou om die vaders te betrek in die besluitneming en hulle rol, verwagtinge en behoeftes te erken omdat die geboorte van ‘n kind een van die belangrikste gebeurtenisse in hulle lewens is. Die studie het gefokus op vaders se verwagtinge van die sorg wat verskaf word aan moeders tydens kraam. ‘n Kwalitatiewe, eksploratiewe, beskrywende en kontekstuele navorsingsontwerp is gebruik. Data is ingesamel deur in-diepte onderhoude met vaders te voer oor die sorg wat aan hul vroue of metgeselle tydens die kraamproses verskaf word deur vroedvroue. Data is daarna geanaliseer deur ‘n oop beskrywende metode te gebruik wat toepaslik is vir kwalitatiewe navorsing. Die resultate van die onderhoude is vervolgens geposisioneer binne ‘n holistiese, gesondheids-bevorderende teorie wat verwys na liggaam, psige en gees. Die resultate toon dat gemak en ondersteuning die twee hoofkategorieë is wat verskaf moet word deur vroedvroue aan moeders tydens die kraamproses. Die ander kategorieë wat aangedui word in die resultate, is dat vroedvroue hulle onderlinge kommunikasievaardighede moet verbeter, asook hul kommunikasie met die moeders en vaders indien laasgenoemde beskikbaar is. Die vaders het van vroedvroue verwag om hulle aan te moedig om moeders by te staan tydens die kraamproses en om binding tussen vader, moeder en baba aan te moedig.

    How to cite this article: Sengane, M.L.M. & Nolte, A.G.W., 2012, ‘The expectations of fathers concerning care provided by midwives to the mothers during labour’, Health SA Gesondheid 17(1, Art.#527, 10 pages. http://dx.doi. org/10.4102/hsag.v17i1.527

  17. The fauna of phlebotomines (Diptera, Psychodidae in different phytogeographic regions of the state of Maranhão, Brazil Fauna de flebotomíneos (Diptera, Psychodidae em municípios de diferentes fitorregiões, no estado do Maranhão, Brasil

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    José Manuel Macário Rebêlo

    2010-01-01

    espécies, floresta ombrófila (31 e cerrados meridionais (23, sendo menor nas áreas de matas mistas (floresta com babaçu, cerrado e caatinga. O maior índice de similaridade foi observado entre a restinga e a floresta estacional perenifólia aberta (J = 0,48. A floresta estacional perenifólia densa apresentou maior similaridade com a floresta ombrófila (J = 0,38. A fauna de flebotomíneos mostrou-se rica e distribuída de maneira heterogênea no Maranhão, concordando com a complexidade fitogeográfica do Estado, que se manifesta na riqueza de ecossistemas e de zonas climáticas.

  18. Investigation of Maths Oriented Academic Risk-Taking Behaviours of Secondary School Students by Some Variables [Ortaokul Öğrencilerinin Matematik Odaklı Akademik Risk Alma Davranışlarının Bazı Değişkenlere Göre İncelenmesi

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    Esat Avcı

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available In this study, secondary school students' academic risk-taking behaviours have been investigated to understand whether they vary according to some variables or not. These variables are: Gender, grade level, town, type of school, parents education level, economic status of the family, the previous year's maths scores. Survey method was used in the study. The population is students who are studying in secondary schools located in Akdeniz, Mezitli, Toroslar and Yenişehir provinces of Mersin, in the 2014 - 2015 academic year. The research sample is 1054 students who are studying at 14 of these schools. “Mathematics-oriented academic risk taking behaviors scale” was used for data collection. Data for the analysis of independent samples t-test and ANOVA were used. There is no significant variance between maths-oriented academic risk-taking behaviours of students based on variables such as gender, town, school type and economic status of the family whereas there is meaningful variance based on variables such as grade level, level of parents education and last year's mathematics score. [Bu araştırmada ortaokul öğrencilerinin akademik risk alma davranışlarının bazı değişkenlere göre farklılık gösterip göstermediği araştırılmıştır. Bu değişkenler şunlardır: Cinsiyet, sınıf düzeyi, ilçe, okul türü, anne ve baba eğitim düzeyi, ailelerin ekonomik durumu, bir önceki seneki matematik puanları. Çalışmada tarama yöntemi kullanılmıştır. Araştırma evreni, 2014 – 2015 eğitim öğretim yılında Mersin ili Akdeniz, Mezitli, Toroslar ve Yenişehir ilçelerinde bulunan ortaokullarda okumakta olan öğrencilerdir. Araştırma örneklemi ise bu okullardan 14 tanesinde okumakta olan 1054 öğrencidir. Veri toplama aracı olarak “Matematik Odaklı Akademik Risk Alma Ölçeği” kullanılmıştır. Verilerin analizi için bağımsız örneklem t testi ve ANOVA uygulanmıştır. Öğrencilerin matematik odakl

  19. Book Reviews

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    Redactie KITLV

    1993-01-01

    . xvii + 267 pp. -William Roseberry, Rosalie Schwartz, Lawless liberators, political banditry and Cuban independence. Durham NC: Duke University Press, 1989. x + 297 pp. -Robert L. Paquette, Robert M. Levine, Cuba in the 1850's: Through the lens of Charles DeForest Fredricks. Tampa: University of South Florida Press, 1990. xv + 86 pp. -José Sánchez-Boudy, Gustavo Pérez Firmat, The Cuban condition: Translation and identity in modern Cuban literature. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989. viii + 185 pp. -Dick Parker, Jules R. Benjamin, The United States and the origins of the Cuban revolution: An empire of liberty in an age of national liberation. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1990. xi + 235 pp. -George Irvin, Andrew Zimbalist ,The Cuban economy: Measurement and analysis of socialist performance. Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press, 1989. xiv + 220 pp., Claes Brundenius (eds -Menno Vellinga, Frank T. Fitzgerald, Managing socialism: From old Cadres to new professionals in revolutionary Cuba. New York: Praeger, 1990. xiv + 161 pp. -Patricia R. Pessar, Eugenia Georges, The making of a transnational community: Migration, development, and cultural change in the Dominican republic. New York: Columbia University Press, 1990. xi + 270 pp. -Lucía Désir, Maria Dolores Hajosy Benedetti, Earth and spirit: Healing lore and more from Puerto Rico. Maplewood NJ: Waterfront Press, 1989. xvii + 245 pp. -Thomas J. Spinner, Jr., Percy C. Hintzen, The costs of regime survival: Racial mobilization, elite domination and control of the state in Guyana and Trinidad. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989. x + 240 pp. -Judith Johnson, Morton Klass, Singing with the Sai Baba: The politics of revitalization in Trinidad. Boulder CO: Westview, 1991. xvi + 187 pp. -Aisha Khan, Selwyn Ryan, The Muslimeen grab for power: Race, religion and revolution in Trinidad and Tobago. Port of Spain: Inprint Caribbean, 1991. vii + 345 pp. -Drexel G. Woodson, Patrick Bellegarde

  20. Sözlü Kültürden Yazılı Kültüre Bir Metin Aktarımı Örneği: Muğla’dan Derlenmiş Bir Efsane ile Kurumuş Ağaçlar Hikâyesinin Mukayeseli İncelemesi An Example Transferring Text From Oral To Written Culture: A Comparative Study of a Legend Compiled from Muğla and the Story of Kurumuş Ağaçlar (The Dried Trees

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    Sibel TURHAN TUNA

    2013-09-01

    insandan, toplumdan dolayısıyla içinde beslendiği kültürden ayrı düşünülemez. Hatta en soyut eserin bile çıkış noktası kültürün bir parçasıdır. Bu bağlamda kültürel unsurları bünyesinde barındıran edebiyatın sözlü ve yazılı olmak üzere birbirinden üslupça uzak, ama içerikçe birbirine yakın iki kolu vardır, nihayetinde beslenilen kaynak ortaktır, bu ortak kaynak insandır. Tüm bunlardan hareketle bu çalışmanın konusu, biri yazıya geçirilen diğeri de hala sözlü gelenekte yaşatılan iki anlatının metinler arası geçiş bağlamında mukayeseli tahlili olarak belirlenmiştir. Metinlerden biri Ömer Seyfettin’e ait olup 1920’de Ali Canip’in annesinden duyup yazdığını söylediği Kurumuş Ağaçlar adlı hikâyedir. Diğeri ise; Ömer Seyfettin’in hikâyesine olay örgüsü bakımından benzerlik taşıyan, Kasım 2007’de tarafımızdan derlenen ve kaynak kişinin babasından dinlediği tespit edilen bir efsanedir. Çalışmada, doğal olan sözlü anlatımın, dilin ferdî tasavvuru ile yapay olan yazılı anlatıma dönüşürken hangi unsurların ön plana alındığı, muhafaza edildiği, yazarın ve anlatıcının metinler bağlamında tavrı, her iki metinde iletilmek istenen ortak mesaj gibi unsurlar metinler arasılık bağlamında kar��ılaştırmalı tematik yöntemle ele alınmıştır. Nitekim, biri sözlü edebiyata diğeri de yazılı edebiyata ait iki metnin söz konusu yöntem dahililinde ele alınması sonucunda kültürel kodlardan biri olan “Her işte bir hayır vardır” atasözünde birleştiği belirlenmiştir.

  1. Fıtrat Hadisi’nin Osmanlı'nın Devşirme Sisteminde Hayata Aksedişi 'The Hadith of Fitrah’ And How It Is Reflected On Life Ottoman’s Devshirme System

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    Mustafa IŞIK

    2013-07-01

    -culture on thisevent with together ‘Devshirme’. ‘Her çocuk, fıtrat üzere doğar; sonra onu ana-babası Yahudileştirir, Hıristiyanlaştırır veya Mecusîleştirir’ hadisi, temel İslam bilimlerinde ‘fıtrat hadisi’ olarak bilinir. İslami literatürde, geçmişten günümüze, bu hadis hakkında çeşitli görüşler ortaya konmuştur. Fıtrat hadisinin, klasik hadis literatüründeki kaynakları ve hadis imamlarının bu hadise bakışları açısından daha çok ‘Çocuğun ölmesi halinde dinî ve hukukî durumunun ne olacağı?’ sorusu üzerinde durulmuştur. Ancak hadis bilginleri ve bazı interdisipliner İslam âlimleri, fıtrat’ın ‘insanlığın ortak dinî temeli’ olduğuna inanmaktadırlar. Bu görüşe bağlı olarak biz, fıtrat hadisi’nin Osmanlı’daki ‘devşirme’ hadisesiyle örtüştüğünü düşünüyoruz. Devşirme sisteminin, tarihi bir olgu olarak, Osmanlı’da gerçekleşen halini ele almak istiyoruz. Bu haliyle Osmanlı Devleti bu olguyu sistemleştirip kanun, tüzük ve yönetmeliği olan bir sistem haline koymadan önce dini yönünü hesaba kattığını; bu hadisteki ‘fıtrat gerçeği’nden hareket etmiş olabileceğini; güçlü kaslar ve çalışkan beyinler sayesinde özelde devletine genelde insanlığa hizmet ettiğini var sayıyoruz. O günün dünya devleti olan Osmanlı’dan bugünün dünya devleti ABD’ye baktığımızda, işleyiş ve yöntem farklı olsa da, birtakım paralellikler görmekteyiz. Farklı asırlarda, değişik coğrafyalarda, birbirine benzemeyen iki büyük medeniyetin ortaya koyduğu uygulamadaki benzerlik ve ulaştığı ortak nokta, eğitimin, başat belirleyici olduğu gerçeğidir. Bu makalenin amacı, sadece tarihî bir fenomeni dile getirmek değil; fıtratın anlamını, geçerliliğini bu tarihî olgudan hareketle yinelemektir. Makalemizde bu konuyu fıtrat yani insanın değişmeyen varlık yapısı ve eğitim-kültürün bu yapıya etkisini ‘devşirme’ olgusuyla

  2. Osmanlı’da Bir Darbe ve Tahlili: Genç Osman Örneği A Coup in Ottoman Empire And Its Analysis: Genç Osman Example

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    Hasan YAŞAROĞLU

    2013-09-01

    . Mustafa out of his seclusion and declared him as new Ottoman Sultan. Meantime, Genç Osman (Young Othman was lock up into Yedikule Dungeons and killed there. Genç Osman is the first Ottoman sultan killed as a result of a revolution. Osmanlı padişahlarından III. Selim döneminde başlatılan Nizam-ıCedit hareketi, batılılaşma yönünde atılmış önemli bir adımdır.Osmanlının son dönemlerinde bazı padişahlar benzer adımlar atmayagayret etmişlerdir. III. Selim’in babası III. Mustafa zamanında dahiıslahat hareketlerine girişildiğine dair kayıtlar vardır. Daha geriyegittiğimizde karşımıza Lale Devri çıkmaktadır. Lale Devri, zevku sefanınön planda olduğu bir dönem olmakla beraber, bu dönemde dahibatılılaşma/ yenileşme yönünde bazı adımlar atılmıştır. Yenileşmeyönünde atılan adımların ilkini ise Sultan II. Osman dönemi teşkiletmektedir. Mezkur dönemi sona erdiren ise bir ihtilal hareketiolmuştur. Gerek bu İlk Osmanlı yenilik hareketi ve gerekse onu sonaerdiren ilk Osmanlı ihtilalı, daha sonrakilere örnek olmaları bakımındanönem arz etmektedirler. Osmanlı İmparatorluğunda bundan sonraortaya çıkmış olan çoğu yenilik hareketi bu Genç Osman yenilikhareketi ile aynı kaderi paylaşmıştır.Amcası I. Mustafa’nın hal edilmesi üzerine padişah olan GençOsman, sert tavırları yüzünden kısa zamanda Yeniçeri ve Ulemanınnefretini üzerine çekmiştir. Bu nefret padişahın bizzat başkomutanlığıüstlenmesi ve hacca gitmeye karar vermesi üzerine zamanla artmış veneticede isyana dönüşmüştür. Yeniçeri ve Sipahi Ocakları öncülüğündebaşlatılmış olan ve bir sonraki gün ulemanın da katılımı ile güçlenenisyancılar, taleplerini bildirmek üzere Saray’ın kapısına dayanmışlardır.Genç Osman başlangıçta isyancıların taleplerini reddetmiş ancak butavrını fazla sürdürememiştir. Sonunda isyancılar Saray’a girmiş vepadişahın amcası I. Mustafa’yı bulundu

  3. Üniversite öğrencilerinde madde kullanımı, şiddet ve bazı psikolojik özellikler

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    Ebru Turhan

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available ÖzetAmaç: Madde bağımlılığı günümüzde önemli bir halk sağlığı sorunudur. Bu çalışma, üniversite öğrencilerinde sigara, alkol ve uyuşturucu madde kullanımının yaygınlığını ve bunu etkileyen faktörleri araştırmak amacı ile yapıldı. Yöntem: Kesitsel tipteki bu araştırmada veriler, Hatay Mustafa Kemal Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi, Ziraat Fakültesi ve Reyhanlı Sağlık Meslek Yüksek Okulu öğrencilerinden elde edildi.  Her fakülte ya da yüksek okuldan bir, iki, üç ve dördüncü sınıflardan birer şube seçildi ve sınıflarda ½ sistematik örneklem ile de öğrenciler seçildi. Çalışmaya toplam 396 öğrenci katıldı. Araştırmaya katılmayı kabul edenlere gözlem altında soru kağıdı uygulandı. Bulgular: Katılan öğrencilerin yaş ortalaması 20.9±2.3 ve %55.1’i erkektir.  Yaşam boyu sigara, alkol ve uyuşturucu madde kullanımı sırasıyla %73.2, %56.6 ve %9.6 idi. Erkeklerde sigara, alkol ve uyuşturucu madde kullanımı daha yüksek bulundu. Babasında ve kardeşinde sigara ve alkol kullanımı öyküsü olanlarda sigara ve alkol kullanımı daha yüksek saptandı.  Yakın akrabalarında uyuşturucu madde kullanımı bildirenlerde, uyuşturucu madde kullanımı daha fazla bulundu. Sigara kullananlarda şiddete uğrama ve şiddet uygulama, sigara içmeyenlere göre daha yüksek idi (p<0.001. Hayat boyu şiddete uğrayanların özgüven ve sosyal destek skorları düşük, sürekli kaygı puanları yüksek bulundu (p<0.01. Uçucu madde kullananlarda sürekli kaygı puanı yüksek (p<0.05, sosyal destek puanı düşük idi (p<0.05. Sonuç: Sigara içme, alkol ve uyuşturucu madde kullanımı Hatay’da üniversite öğrencilerinde yaygındır. Bulgularımız uçucu madde kullanımı ile yüksek sürekli kaygı ve düşük sosyal destek arasında ilişki olduğunu desteklemektedir.Anahtar Kelimeler: Madde kullanımı, üniversite öğrencileri, özsaygı, özgüven, kaygı,

  4. Otizm Spektrum Bozukluğu Olan Çocuğa Sahip Ebeveynlerin Spor İle İlgili Görüşleri

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    Gonca İnce

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Bu çalışma, Otizm Spektrum Bozukluğu (OSB olan çocuğa sahip ebeveynlerin, OSB’de alternatif bir tedavi olarak spora bakış açılarının değerlendirilmesi ve bu çocukların yaşadıkları problemlere sporun etki derecelerinin tespiti amacıyla yapılmıştır. Çalışmaya, farklı özel eğitim merkezlerine devam eden OSB olan öğrencinin ebeveyni (41 kişi, 24 anne ve 17 baba gönüllü olarak katılmıştır. Bu çalışma, betimsel nicel bir çalışmadır. Veriler, araştırmacı tarafından hazırlanmış 33 soruluk bir anket ile toplanmıştır. Anket soruları; ankete katılan ebeveyn çocuklarının demografik özelliklerini, spor eğitimi ile ilgili bilgileri ve otizmli çocuklarının aldıkları spor eğitiminin, yaşadıkları problemlereetki derecelerini sorgulamaktadır. Sorular hazırlandıktan sonra, alanla ilgili uzman kişiler tarafından gözden geçirilmesi sağlanmış olup, düzeltmeleri yapılmıştır. İstatistiksel analizlerde SPSS 11,5 paket programı kullanılmıştır. Ankette belirtilen otizmli çocukların (31 erkek, 10 kız yaş ortalamaları (10.17±4.99 yıl, vücut ağırlığı ortalamaları (42.55±20.93 kg, boy ortalamaları (138,27±30,77 cm, olarak tespit edilmiştir. Ankete katılan 41 ebeveynden, %51,2’sinin çocuklarına spor eğitimi yaptırdıkları görülmüştür. Bu çocukların yaşadıkları problemlere ve sporun etkilerine bakıldığında sporun en fazla iletişim (%66,7 ve dil gelişimi (%52,4 becerilerine katkılarının çok olduğu belirtilmiştir. Ayrıca ankete katılanların %65,9’u ise, çocuklarının eğitim aldıkları özel eğitim merkezlerinde spor eğitmenlerinin olmadığını bildirmiştir. Sonuç olarak, OSB olan bireylerin yaşadıkları problemlere, sporun katkıları göz önüne alınarak, özellikle özel eğitim merkezlerinde spor eğitmenlerinin çalıştırılması ve bu merkezlerde spor tesislerinin yeterli düzeye getirilmesi gerekmektedir. This

  5. Breastfeeding: Mothers and health practitioners in the context of private medical care in Gauteng

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diana du Plessis

    2009-04-01

    first six weeks.

    Purposive convenient sampling, as described by Babbie and Mouton (2002:166, was used in both phases of the study. All participants chose a gynaecologist as the primary care giver and delivered in various private hospitals in Johannesburg. Data were collected by means of an anonymous questionnaire, compiled from national and international literature, as well as personal interviews. Data from the questionnaires were analysed by hand. Descriptive statistics were applied. The interviews were analysed according to the descriptive analysis suggested by Tesch (in Creswell, 1994:155. Themes that emerged were clustered and coded. A co-coder, experienced in the field of qualitative research, assisted with the analysis of the transcripts of the interviews. A literature control was conducted to validate the findings. Ethical considerations were based on the DENOSA Ethical Standards for Nurse Researchers (1998:2.3.2–2.3.4. Themes and sub-themes were identified.

    Opsomming

    Ten spyte van die goed gedokumenteerde gesondheidsvoordele van borsvoeding en die aanbevelings van die Departement van Gesondheid dat vroue vir ongeveer die eerste ses weke tot een jaar uitsluitlik moet borsvoed, word gevind dat 'n groot aantal Suid-Afrikaanse vroue hul babas nie borsvoed nie, of slegs vir 'n kort tydperk borsvoed. Geen nasionale Suid-Afrikaanse statistiek is beskikbaar nie, maar 64% van moeders wat 'n babakliniek besoek het op die Wes Rand in Gauteng borsvoed steeds op ses weke, waarna die aantal borsvoedende moeders verminder tot minder as 20% op drie maande (Truter 2007. Verskeie studies het die houding van gesondheidspersoneel ten opsigte van borsvoeding bepaal, maar min is bekend oor die tipe inligting wat deur die mediese praktisyn aangebied word. Hierdie praktisyn het eerstehandse kontak met die kliente en mag inligting aanbied wat borsvoeding kan bevorder of belemmer. Die volgende vraag is dus geformuleer: Met betrekking tot borsvoeding

  6. HIZIR-İLYAS ZAVİYELERİ, AYA YORGİ ve BEKTAŞÎLER [HIZIR-İLYAS ZAWİYAS, AYA YORGİ and BEKTASHİS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sadullah Gülten

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Halk inançları arasında yerini alan Hızır, özellikle yolcuların nazarında oldukça itibarlı bir yere sahiptir. Onun yolculuğa çıkanları koruyacağına dair büyük bir inanç söz konusudur. Bu inancın da etkisiyle olsa gerek, Anadolu’nun muhtelif pek çok yerinde Hızır-İlyas ismini taşıyan zaviyeler inşa edilmiştir. Bu itibarla, çalışmada öncelikle Selçuklu ve Osmanlı dönemlerinde herhangi bir tarikata mensup dervişlerin birlikte yaşamak ve kendi dinî görüşlerini yaymak maksadıyla inşa ettikleri, aynı zamanda buradan gelip geçen yolcuların rahat ve güvenli yolculuk yapmalarını sağlamayı amaçlayan Hızır-İlyas isimli zaviyeler üzerinde durulmuştur. Yine burada zaviyelerin kurulduğu yerlerdeki Hızır- İlyas makamları, Hızır-İlyas isimli mahalle, köy, cami ve mescidlerden de bahsedilmiştir. Makalenin ilerleyen sayfalarında ise tespit edilen bu zaviyelerden hareketle, Türklerin Anadolu’ya geldikleri sırada, Anadolu’da karşılaştıkları yerel kültlerin Hızır-İlyas inancı üzerindeki rolü tartışılmıştır. Ayrıca tespit edilen zaviyelerde yaşayan dervişlerin bağlı oldukları tarikatların bu kültün Türk inançları arasına girmesindeki etkisi de makalenin konuları arasındadır. Bu bağlamda Kalenderî, Haydarî, Vefaî, Babaî ve Bektaşî dervişlerinin rolü üzerinde durulmuştur. Diğer taraftan Hızır-İlyas inancının Anadolu’daki gayrimüslimler üzerindeki etkisi de arşiv belgeleri, seyyahların gözlemleri ve modern çalışmalar ışığında değerlendirilmiştir. Al-Khidr, which took place among folk beliefs, has a reputable position, espacially among passengers. There is a strong belief that he will protect those whoare on the journey. Probably because of this belief a lot of zawiyas had been established in the name of Khidr-Ilyas. In this respect our study primarily focuses on zawiyas built by Saldjukian and Ottoman derwishes to live together

  7. Beden Eğitimi ve Spor Öğretmeni Adaylarının Öğretmenlik Mesleğine İlişkin Öz-Yeterlik İnançlarının İncelenmesi Investigate Of Teacher’s Self Efficacy Beliefs Of Physical Education And Sport Teacher Canditate’s

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Makbule BAŞBAY

    2013-09-01

    teaching profession and the attitude towards theprofession. Öğretmen öz-yeterlik inancı öğretmenlerin mesleki başarısını önemli ölçüde etkileyen etmenler arasındadır. Öğretmen öz-yeterliği beden eğitimi ve spor öğretmenleri için de en az diğer alanlar kadar önemlidir çünkü genel eğitimin tamamlayıcısı ve ayrılmaz bir parçası olan beden eğitimi aynı zamanda kişiliğin de eğitimidir. Bir öğretmenin sahip olduğu yeterliklerin oluşturulmasında en belirleyici rolü öğretmenin hizmet öncesi eğitimi oynamaktadır. Bu araştırmayla, beden eğitimi ve spor öğretmeni adaylarının öz-yeterlik inanç düzeylerini bazı değişkenlere göre incelemek ve öğretmen öz-yeterlik inançlarıyla öğretmenlik mesleğine ilişkin tutumlar arasındaki ilişkiyi ortaya koymak amaçlanmaktadır. Araştırmanın örneklemini, farklı coğrafi bölgelerden 10 devlet üniversitesinde, 1. ve 4. sınıfta öğrenim gören toplam 558 beden eğitimi ve spor öğretmeni adayı oluşturmaktadır. Öğretmen adaylarına kişisel bilgi formu, öğretmenlik mesleğine ilişkin öz-yeterlik ölçeği ve öğretmenlik mesleğine yönelik tutum ölçeği uygulanmıştır. Bulgulara göre, beden eğitimi ve spor öğretmeni adaylarının öz-yeterlik inançlarının “oldukça yeterli” düzeyde olduğu tespit edilmiştir. Cinsiyete, sınıf düzeyine, anne eğitim düzeyine, spor branşının türüne göre öğretmen adaylarının öz-yeterlik inançlarının farklılaşmadığı, ancak bölümü isteyerek seçme, baba eğitim düzeyi, düzenli spor yapma durumlarına göre anlamlı farklılıklar olduğu tespit edilmiştir. Öğretmenlik mesleğine ilişkin öz-yeterlik inancıyla, mesleğe ilişkin tutum arasında ise orta düzeyde pozitif bir ilişki olduğu görülmüştür.

  8. İlköğretim Öğrencilerinin İletişim Becerilerinin Çeşitli Değişkenler Açısından İncelenmesi Investigation of Primary School Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kadir KARATEKİN

    2012-09-01

    . Bu sosyal becerilerden birisi de iletişim becerisidir. Daha küçük yaşlardan itibaren verilecek beceri eğitimi ile öğrencilerimize iletişim becerileri kazandırarak içinde yaşadığı toplumda mutlu, üretken ve etkili bir insan olmasını sağlayabiliriz. Bunun için öğrencilerimizin iletişim becerileri üzerinde etkili olabilecek faktörlerin bilinmesi önem arz etmektedir. Bu araştırmanın amacı da ilköğretim öğrencilerinin iletişim becerileri üzerinde etkili olan faktörleri ortaya koymaktır. Bu amaç doğrultusunda Ersanlı ve Balcı (1998 tarafından geliştirilen “İletişim Becerileri Envanteri" Ankara ve Kırşehir'de bulunan iki ilköğretim okulunun 6., 7. ve 8. sınıflarında öğrenim gören 373 öğrenciye uygulanmıştır. Verilerin analizi SPSS 15 istatistik programı kullanılarak yapılmıştır. Verilerin analizinde; betimsel istatistik, ilişkisiz örneklemler için t-testi, tek yönlü varyans analizi (ANOVA kullanılmıştır. Araştırma sonucunda ilköğretim öğrencilerinin iletişim becerileri üzerinde öğrencilerin yaşadıkları ilin, cinsiyetin, okul öncesi eğitimin, anne-baba eğitim durumunun ve sınıf düzeyinin etkili olduğu görülmüştür. Ayrıca öğrencilerin, Türkçe dersinden aldıkları not, okudukları kitap sayısı, günlük kitap okuma süreleri arttıkça iletişim becerileri artarken günlük televizyon izleme ve bilgisayar kullanma süreleri arttıkça iletişim becerileri azalmaktadır. Bu sonuçlar doğrultusunda öğretmenlerin derslerdeöğrencilerin kendilerini daha iyi ifade edebilecekleri ortamları oluşturmaları, öğrencilerin daha fazla kitap okuması için teşvik edilmesi, çocukların okul öncesi eğitime mümkün olduğunca erken başlatılması ve ebeveynlerin çocuklarının TV ve bilgisayar başında çok fazla zaman geçirmelerine izin verilmemeleri önerilmiştir.

  9. EDITORIAL: Focus on Heavy Ions in Biophysics and Medical Physics FOCUS ON HEAVY IONS IN BIOPHYSICS AND MEDICAL PHYSICS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Durante, Marco

    2008-07-01

    include carcinogenesis, late degenerative tissue effects (including damage to the central nervous system), and hereditary effects. For these studies, microbeams represent an essential tool, considering that in space each cell in the human body will not experience more than one heavy-ion traversal. Both NASA and ESA are investing important resources in ground-based space radiation research programs, to reduce risk uncertainty and to develop countermeasures. For both cancer therapy and space radiation protection a better understanding of the effects of energetic heavy ions is needed. Physics should be improved, especially the measurements of nuclear fragmentation cross-sections, and the transport calculations. Biological effects need to be studied in greater detail, and clearly only understanding the mechanisms of heavy-ion induced biological damage will reduce the uncertainty on late effects in humans. This focus issue of New Journal of Physics aims to provide the state-of-the-art of the biophysics of energetic heavy ions and to highlight the areas where more research is urgently needed for therapy and the space program. Focus on Heavy Ions in Biophysics and Medical Physics Contents Heavy ion microprobes: a unique tool for bystander research and other radiobiological applications K O Voss, C Fournier and G Taucher-Scholz Heavy ions light flashes and brain functions: recent observations at accelerators and in spaceflight L Narici Clinical advantages of carbon-ion radiotherapy Hirohiko Tsujii, Tadashi Kamada, Masayuki Baba, Hiroshi Tsuji, Hirotoshi Kato, Shingo Kato, Shigeru Yamada, Shigeo Yasuda, Takeshi Yanagi, Hiroyuki Kato, Ryusuke Hara, Naotaka Yamamoto and Junetsu Mizoe Heavy-ion effects: from track structure to DNA and chromosome damage F Ballarini, D Alloni, A Facoetti and A Ottolenghi Shielding experiments with high-energy heavy ions for spaceflight applications C Zeitlin, S Guetersloh, L Heilbronn, J Miller, N Elkhayari, A Empl, M LeBourgeois, B W Mayes, L Pinsky

  10. EDITORIAL: Outgoing Editor-in-Chief Outgoing Editor-in-Chief

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hauptmann, Peter

    2012-01-01

    biological, medical and life science applications or sensors and sensing systems. Selected papers or special features in recent issues of MST attest to this development [1-3]. In parallel with these new fields, board members have always kept their eye on the other journal topics. Many papers published in MST have been downloaded very often and highly cited. This shows the acceptance and reputation of MST. Thanks to the activity of all board members over the last ten years MST has published a number of excellent review articles. This has strengthened the prestige of MST. A new series of articles was introduced under the banner of 'Perspectives' in 2008. They highlight milestones in a selected field and indicate some future challenges from the point of view of the author [4]. In summary, it can be stated that MST is on a good path. This was created thanks to the activity of all members of the Editorial Board. In recent years we have enlarged this board with well known scientists from universities and industry from all over the world. This will ensure a continuously positive development of MST. As outgoing Editor-in-Chief, I can say that I have found my task fascinating and I have enjoyed it very much. I have learned a lot in this time because I have come into close contact with a large number of scientists from a vast spectrum of technical areas and parts of our world. My special gratitude is dedicated to all the Editorial Board members of the last ten years and especially to Sharon D'Souza from IOPP. Furthermore, I would like to pass on to my successor, Professor David Birch from University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, my best wishes for an enjoyable and successful tenure as Editor-in-Chief! References [1] Tanaka M, Baba T and Postek M T 2011 Nanometrology Meas. Sci. Technol. 22 020101 [2] Potyrailo R A et al 2011 RFID sensors as the common sensing platform for single-use biopharmaceutical manufacturing Meas. Sci. Technol. 22 082001 [3] Fritze H 2011 High-temperature bulk

  11. Râhatü’l-İnsân (Pend-Nâme-i Enûşîrvân’ın Türkçe Bir Tercümesi A Turkish Translation of Râhatü’l-İnsân (Pend-Nâme-i Enûşîrvân

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Müjgân ÇAKIR

    2012-09-01

    ı kaynaklarda Râhatü’l-insân veya Pend-nâme-i Enûşîrvân diye adlandırılmış olanıdır. Rıza Kulı Han Hidayet’in Bedâyi‛-i Belhî’ye ait olduğunu belirttiği metnin şairi meselesi ihtilaflıdır. Charles Schefer’in Chrestomathie Persane adlı eserinde neşrettiği metnin mukaddimesinde adı geçen “Şerîf-i Şair”in Ebû Şerîf Muhalledi-yi Gurgânî olduğu da iddia edilmektedir. Râhatü’l-insân Türkiye Kütüphanelerinde nüshaları olan bir eserdir. Bu makalede metin ve onun Süleymaniye Kütüphanesi, Fatih Bölümü, No. 5385’te “Pend-i Nûşîrevân-ı Âdil” adıyla kayıtlı bulunan Türkçe mensur bir tercümesi üzerinde durulacaktır. Bu tercümede Nûşîrevân’ın tacının onyedi diliminde (küngüre yazılı olan nasihatlar sıralanmakta ve bu âdil hükümdarın nasihatlarını askerlerinin okuyabilmesi için yılda bir kez tacını uygun bir yere astırdığından bahsedilmektedir. Nûşîrevân’ın nasihatlarında amacının insanlarını ahlâkî bakımdan eğitmek, insanlar arası ilişkileri düzenlemek kadar tebaa ile hükümdar arası münasebete yön vermek olduğu da görülmektedir. “İhtiyar ve zayıflara hürmet edin, ana baba hakkını gözetin, işlerinizi âlimlere danışarak yapın, dilinize hakim olun, emanete hıyanet etmeyin, düşündükten sonra konuşun” vb. Nûşîrevân’ın tacında kayıtlı olan nasihatlardan bazılarıdır. Makalede eserin Farsça nüshalarıyla Türkçe tercümesi arasındaki farklılıklara da temas edilmeye çalışılacak ve Türkçe tercümenin transkripsiyonlu şekline yer verilecektir.

  12. “Yolcu Nereye Gidiyorsun” Romanında II.Abdülhamit Döneminden II.Meşrûtiyet’e Uzanan Süreci OkumakReading the Period Throughout the Reign of Abdülhamit II and the II. Constitutional Era from the Novel, “Passenger, Where Are You Going To”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sema Noyan

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available 1905-1993 yılları arasında yaşayan mütefekkir, mutasavvıf ve edebiyatçı-yazar Sâmiha Ayverdi tarih, kültür, medeniyet, toplum, tasavvuf ve edebiyat alanlarında yazdığı kırk eseriyle Türk milletinin Osmanlı’dan itibaren getirdiği kültür ve birikimi gelecek nesillere aktarmıştır. Tarih konulu eserlerinde geniş bir tarih bilincine sâhip olduğu dikkat çeken yazar, fikir ağırlıklı romanlarında tasavvuf konusunun yanı sıra devrin tarihi ve sosyal meselelerini de dile getirir. Yazarın “Yolcu Nereye Gidiyorsun” adlı romanı, Batılılaşmanın olumsuz etkilerini ve II. Abdülhamit döneminden II. Meşrûtiyet’e uzanan süreçte yaşananları aileler üzerinden ele alması bakımından dikkate değerdir. Batılılaşmanın yarattığı züppe tipi ve ikilik meselesi, istibdad dönemi, İttihat ve Terakki Cemiyeti’nin iktidarı ele geçirdikten sonra yarattığı hayal kırıklığı romanda ele alınan konulardandır. Romanın başkişisi Adlî’nin anne ve babası Batıyı körü körüne taklit etmektedir. Adlî’nin dayısı Nâzım Bey, İttihat ve Terakki Cemiyeti üyesidir ve yeğenine vatan ve millet bilinci aşılamıştır. Adlî’nin amcası Zîver Paşa ise II. Abdülhamit döneminin hafiyelerinin âmiri olarak istibdat döneminin bütün nimetlerinden yararlanmıştır. II. Meşrûtiyet’in ilânı bu üç ailenin hayatında büyük değişiklikler meydana getirir. Romanda istibdâdın hâkim olduğu 1897’den 31 Mart Vakası’nın bastırılmasından sonraki bir-iki yıllık dönemde yaşanan tarihî ve sosyal olaylar Adlî’nin gözünden verilir ve döneme dair önemli eleştiriler yapılır. Abstract With her forty books on history, culture, civilization, society, mysticism, and literature, Sâmiha Ayverdi, a thinker, mystic and a writer who lived between the years of 1905 and 1993, passed the culture and the accumulation of the Turkish nation to the future generations since the

  13. “Lisân-I Osmânî” Üzerine Bir İnceleme A Surveying of Book Called Lisân-ı Osmânî

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    Onur AKBAŞ

    2013-03-01

    Dadım Darılır (Mama, Nanny will Scold, comedy, serial, 1919STUDY-MONOGRAPHY: Lisan-ı Osmanî (The Ottoman Language, 1914, Lisan-ı Edebiyat (The Language of Literature, 1914, Recaizade Ekrem (Recaizade Ekrem, 1924, Mesalik-i Edebiye (Ways of Literature, 1928, Namık Kemal (Namık Kemal, 1930, Lisanımız (Our Language, 1930.2Also we are going to investigate (research his book called “Lisân-I Osmânî” on our this study. Tanzimat’ın birinci dönemi, edebi türlerde sureta eskiye bağlı kalmakla beraber içerik itibariyle yeni temlerin ele alındığı bir edebiyattı. Dilde sadeleşmeyi ve sanatı toplumun ve ideolojinin emrine vermeyi gaye edinen birinci dönem edebiyatının üç saç ayağından biri elbet de Namık Kemal’dir. Ancak yenileşme süreci bu anlayış üzerine devam etmeyecek birinci dönem Tanzimatçılarının tezgahından geçen ikinci dönem Tanzimatçıları “Güzel olan her şey sanatın konusu olabilir…” (R. Mahmut Ekrem düşüncesiyle sanatı ön plana çıkardılar. İşte o anlayışın yetiştirdiği isimlerden biri de Namık Kemal’in oğlu Ali Ekrem Bolayır’dı. Sadeleşme karşısında aruzun ve Osmanlıca’nın önemli savunucularından olan Bolayır, babasının yenilik adına dokunmadığı şiirin şeklini savunmasıyla tanınan bir şairdir. 1867’de İstanbul’da doğdu. Namık Kemal’in oğludur. İlköğrenimine Hûbyâr mahalle mektebinde başladı. Fatih Askeri Rüştiyesi’ne bir müddet devam ettikten sonra oradan alınarak özel hocalar yardımıyla eğitimini tamamlamış Arapça, farsça ve Fransızca dersleri almış, dokuz-on yaşlarında şiirle uğraşmaya başlamıştır. Padişahın delaletiyle saraya mabeyn katibi olan Ali Ekrem, Mabeyn’de on sekiz yıl çalışmıştır.1906 yılında Kudüs Mutasarrıflığı’na gönderildi. İkinci Meşrutiyet’in ilanından sonra Beyrut Valiliği’ne terfi ettirilmişse de üç gün sonra bu görevinden istifa ederek İstanbul’a d

  14. The Crimea and Rum in the 13th–14th centuries: The Anatolian Diaspora and Urban Culture of Solkhat »

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    Mark Kramarovsky

    2016-01-01

    , the horsemen warriors arrived in the Crimea with their families. The new-comers settled outside the city, but Solkhat and Sut(dak were given to ‘Izz ad-Din, khan Börke’s son-in-law, as the ikta. Another finding from Belogorsk area (the Crimea is a hanging lead seal bearing the titles of the three rulers of Rum between 1249 and 1237, ‘Izz ad-Din Kaykaus II, Rukn al-Din-Kilich Arslan IV and Allah ad-Din Kayqubad I. It means that the contacts between Rum and the administration of the Golden Horde were established at least as early as in the middle of the thirteenth century. After ‘Izz ad-Din’s death (circa 1280 the Seljuks of Sary Sultuk returned to Dobrudja. Between 1265 and 1280 Kemal Baba’s (Kemal Ata’s cult arose in Crimea. Kemal Baba was a sufi sheikh, a follower of Sary Sultuk [Saltuk-name 1987, s.136]. He died in 1278 in Solkhat, and it could have been by Sary Sultuk’s order and to commemorate Kemal Baba that the sufi abode and the mausoleum were built there. They used to be a ziyarat, but none of them has survived until nowadays. The contacts with Anatolia can be traced in the iconography of the double-headed eagle on the puls of Solkhat bearing Talabuga khan’s tamga (1287–1290; images of a double-headed eagle can be seen on Janibek’s puls in the middle of the fourteenth century. When the Jochids chose Islam as their religion, they unconsciously followed the Great Seljuks’ experience. There were a number of reasons for that. The first one is the fact that they chose a Sufi-like branch. According to C.E. Bosworth, they did so because the Turcic people’s Islam kept some traces of Seljuk tradition and some other Shamanistic beliefs. This hidden Paganism is believed to explain not only the choice of the Sunnite branch of Islam, but also of its Hanafite Maddhab. Under Börke (1257–1267, who was the first khan to adopt Islam, the new doctrine couldn’t neglect the fact that the khan’s surroundings belonged to different cultural

  15. Ortaöğretim Öğrencilerinin Savaş Ve Barış Kavramı İle İlgili Düşüncelerinin Çeşitli Değişkenler Açısından Değerlendirilmesi An Evaluation Of The Views Of Secondary Education Students Over The A Of War And Peace In Terms Of Different Variables

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    Özgür AKTAŞ

    2013-09-01

    ılının birinci döneminde Ankara ilinin Altındağ, Çankaya, Mamak ve Yenimahalle ilçelerinde bulunan liselerde uygulama yapılmıştır. Araştırma tarama yöntemine dayanmaktadır. Çalışma 3026 ortaöğretim öğrencisiyle gerçekleştirilmiştir. Ortaöğretim öğrencilerinin savaş ve barış konuları ile ilgili tutumları tespit edilmeye çalışılmıştır. Savaş ve barış tutum ölçeği 40 maddeden oluşmaktadır. Elde edilen veriler SPSS 15,0 paket programıyla değerlendirilmiştir. Araştırma sonuçları değerlendirildiğinde öğrencileri cinsiyet, savaş oyunu oynayıp oynamama ve bilgisayar oyunu oynayıp oynamama değişkenlerine göre farklıkları olduğu gözlenmiştir. Öğrenciler arasında en az farklılığın ise baba eğitim düzeyi ve sınıf düzeyi arasında olduğu görülmüştür.Ortaöğretim öğrencileri insanın savaşçılık özelliği ile doğduğu şeklindeki önermeye kararsız kalmıştır. Öğrenciler savaşların Tanrının takdiri olduğu görüşüneyse katılmamıştır. Ortaöğretim öğrencileri savaşların masum insanlara acı getirdiği ve savaşların başka savaşlara yol açtığı görüşünde olmuştur. Öğrencilere göre savaşı kazanan da savaşı kaybeden de savaşsın sonuçlarından acı çekmektedir. Ortaöğretim öğrencileri en büyük başarıların savaş meydanlarında kazanıldığı fikrine kararsız bir tutum sergilemiştir. Yine öğrenciler vatanseverlik gibi yüce duyguların savaş meydanlarında doğduğu fikrinde de kararsızdır. Buna karşı öğrenciler savaş kazanmak kadar barış kazanmanın da önemli olduğunu belirtmiştir. Öğrencilere göre barışa katkı sağlayan insanlar da kahraman ilan edilmelidir.Türkiye’de savaş ve barış kavramının hangi yaşlarda anlaşılabildiğine dair araştırmalar yapılmamıştır. Bu alanda araştırmalar alana katkı sağlayacaktır. Ayrıca savaşların niteliğine göre ayrılarak da araştırma yapılmasının önemli olduğu düşünülmektedir.

  16. Hz. Ali’nin Menkıbevî Hayatına Dair Bir Destan: Dâstân-ı Ejderhâ A Legend about the life of Ali: The Legend of Dragon

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    Ali KOZAN

    2013-07-01

    . Türkler, İslâmiyet’i kabul etmelerini müteakip yeni bir inanç ve kültür yapısına da kapı aralamışlardır. İslâmiyet’le adeta özdeşleştirdikleri şahsiyetleri ise sözlü gelenek çerçevesinde kahramanlık hikâyeleriyle anmışlardır. Bu minvalde özellikle Hz. Muhammed, dört halife ve sahâbeler, bu menkîbelerin vazgeçilmez karakterleri olagelmişlerdir. Çalışmamızın konusunu teşkil eden Hz. Ali de söz konusu kahramanlık temalı hikâyelerde, destanlarda, menkîbelerde Hz. Muhammed’in damadı, Hz. Hasan ve Hz. Hüseyin’in babası olarak yiğit, cengâver nitelikleri ile ön plana çıkarılmıştır. Bu gelenek İslâmî Dönem Türk Tarihi’ne ait eserlerle yazıya aktarılmıştır.Hz. Ali’nin cesaret ve yiğitliğinin anlatıldığı cenknâmelerden biri olan Dâstân-ı Ejderhâ da bu türden bir eserdir. Destan, mesnevî tarzında kaleme alınmış olup, aynı zamanda efsane ve masal türlerinin kimi özelliklerini de göstermektedir. Dâstân-ı Ejderhâ adı verilen eserde, uzak bir ülkeden Hz. Muhammed’in huzuruna gelen Müslümanların şikâyet ettikleri ejderhâdan ve Hz. Muhammed’in görevlendirmesiyle sahabelerin Hz. Ali öncülüğünde ejderhâ ile yaptığı savaştan ve ejderhâyı mağlup etmesinden bahsedilmektedir. Burada Hz. Ali, kahraman şahsiyetiyle olağanüstü güçleri bünyesinde barındıran ve bu sayede din düşmanı olarak tasvir edilen ejderhâya karşı koyan ve mücadeleden çekinmeyen bir yapıya sahiptir. Destanda Hz. Ali’nin bu uğurda ölümü bile göze alabileceğine vurgu yapılmak suretiyle Müslümanları gâzaya teşvik etme amacı güdülmüştür. Ayrıca hakikatte dinin İslâm dini olduğu ve asî olanların hazin bir son ile ortadan kaldırılacağı vurgusu ile gâzilere gazâ ve cihad ülküsü kazandırmak amaçlanmıştır.Çalışmamızda öncelikle Dâstân-ı Ejderhâ adlı eserin mevcut nüshaları temin edilerek metin karşılaştırması yapılmış ve

  17. Ömer Seyfeddin'in Değiş(tirilen Andı The Manipulated And Of Ömer Seyfeddin

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    Fundagül APAK

    2013-07-01

    adaptation, word/meaning oriented translation… in the target culture as a result of the act of translation. Therefore this research intends to examine what kind of changes in terms of structure and meaning And has undergone and/or been exposed to, in its editions published after the passing away of its author and in which part of the map developed by Holmes these changes have originated from. According to the theory suggested by Vermeer and Reiss, decision making bodies effective in reshaping the source text during the process of translation, will be tried to be described. Thus covering the period from the establishment of the Republic until today, a pilot study, in terms of the functions of patronage and ideologies in Turkish literature influencing the reshaping of a literary product will be presented. And; Türk edebiyatında “modern öykücülüğün babası” kabul edilen Ömer Seyfeddin’in (1884-1920 yazdığı öykülerden birinin adıdır. Bu öykünün, yazarın ölümünden sonraki baskıları incelendiğinde, kurgunun, yapı ve anlam açısından bozulduğu ve birbirinden oldukça farklı metinlere dönüştüğü görülür. Kaynak metin; yabancı bir kültürün diline çevrilmişçesine, biçim ve içerik açısından pek çok darbe almıştır. 20. yüz yılda, James Holmes (1924-1986 tarafından salt ve uygulamalı olmak üzere ikiye ayrılıp kendi içinde dallanıp budaklanan çeviribilimde, salt alandaki ürün-süreç-işlev odaklı betimleyici çalışmaların yanı sıra, içinde hem genel hem de araç-alan-düzey-metin türü-zaman-sorun ile sınırlandırılmış bölütlü çalışmaların bulunduğu kuramsal aşamalar yer alır. Çevirmen eğitimi, çeviri destekleri ve çeviri eleştirisi ise çeviribilimin uygulamalı kolunu oluşturur. Hans Vermeer ve Katharina Reiss’in geliştirdiği Skopos (amaç kuramındaysa bir kaynak metni erek kültürde yeniden biçimlendirirken belirlenen amacın çevrilen kültüre ya da çevirmenin (ki

  18. İlk “Mûsikî” Ders Programları ve Zati Bey’in “Talim-i Kıraat-i Mûsikî” İsimli Eserinin Analizi The First “Mûsıkî” Curriculums And The Analysis Of The Work Of Art Named “Talim-i Kıraat-i Mûsıkî” Of Zati Bey

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    Cahit AKSU

    2013-03-01

    cumhuriyet döneminde üretilen müzik eğitimikitaplarına rehberlik etmiştir. Bu kitapta yer alan çocuk şarkılarındakikonular, Türk insanının o zamanki duygu, düşünce, hissiyat veihtiyaçlarına işaret etmektedir. Savaşta şehirlerin kaybedilmesindenkaynaklanan büyük üzüntü, mücadele eden orduya maddi olarak dayardım etmenin erdemi, İstiklal Savaşı ile Türklük gururu, tarımsalkalkınmanın, üretimin ve tutumlu olmanın önemi bu kitaptakişarkılarda ele alınan başlıca konulardır. Kitapta bulunan şarkılarda elealınan konular şu şekildedir: “Oyun, Organlar, Günler, Sayılar,Mevsimler, Tasarruf Bilinci, Çalışmanın Önemi, Allah Sevgisi,Beslenme, Doğa Sevgisi, Anne-Baba Sevgisi, Eğitimin Önemi, Özlem,Kahramanlık, Vatan Sevgisi.”Cumhuriyet döneminin ilk yıllarında yazılan „Talim-i Kıraat-iMusiki” isimli eserde yer alan şarkılardaki konu çeşitliliğini diğerçalışmalarla karşılaştırdığımızda, konuların doğru bir pedagojikyaklaşımla ele alındığını ve bu karakteristiğiyle de ondan sonra yazılanbenzer müzik eğitimi kitaplarına öncülük ettiğini görmekteyiz.

  19. El HTLV-I y la PET/HAM un modelo de investigación en virología y biología molecular

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    Felipe García Vallejo

    2004-03-01

    disease outcome. JAIDS and Hum. Retrovirol 1996; 13 :s146-s153.

    10. DOMÍNGUEZ M. C, TAMAYO O., EIZURU Y., VILLALOBOS J., GARCÍA-VALLEJO F. Spatial distribution of the Human T-Lymphotropic virus Type I (HTLV-Tax protein molecular mimicry in normal spinal cord of rats. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 2003; 19: S-41.

    11. CABRERA J, GARCÍA-VALLEJO F. Aumento del número de amplicones obtenidos por IPCR en el ADN de personas seropositivas para HTLV-I afectadas con PET/HAM. Colombia Médica 2000; 31: 169-175.

    12. GARCÍA-VALLEJO F, CABRERA-MONCAYO J, MIYAKE H, CERÓN F, CASTILLO A, BABA M, et al. Molecular biology of the integration of human T-Lymphotropic virus (HTLV Type I proviral DNA in the genome of lymphocytes. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 2003; 19: S-59.

    13. GARCÍA-VALLEJO F, CABRERA-MONCAYO J, CASTILLO A, EIZURU Y, AKIBA S, CERÓN F, et al. Molecular fingerprinting of the human T-Lymphotropic (HTLV type I integrated provirus using a substractive hybridization of AFLP fragments methodology (SHAFLP. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 2003; 19: S-58.

    14. PANAY J, GARCIA-VALLEJO F, CASTILLO A, ORDÓÑEZ P, DOMÍNGUEZ M, CEBALLOS C. A computational model of the HTLV-1 Integrase. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 2003; 19: S-60.

  20. Coţofeni-Kostolac culture on the territory of north-eastern Serbia

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    Kapuran Aleksandar

    2012-01-01

    returned to these settlements en route to lowlands and river terraces, while other groups probably continued their journey to gathering centres in valleys near the Danube and the Timok rivers. The next type of settlement belongs to high, multi-layered settlements (Arija baba-Košobrdo, Čoka Kormaroš, Field of Z. Brzanović, Varzari and Smedovac-Grabar-Svračar which represent sunbathed dominant positions, with a good view of the surrounding area, well suited to long-term occupation. Settlements on high elevations of this type are usually linked with landscapes that predominate in grazing areas and in which there are no large forests. The last type of Coţofeni-Kostolac settlement is characteristic of lowland settlements positioned on river terraces. The settlements on the right bank of the Danube, around Ključ (Kladovo- Brodoimpeks, Mala Vrbica, Zbradila-Fund, Korbovo- Obala, Vajuga-Pesak, Jakomirski potok estuary, Velesnica, Ljubič evac-river bank, Ljubičevac-Island, Brzi prun, Slatinska reka estuary, Knjepište, Ruženjka, Kusjak-Bordjej, Kusjak-Motel, Kusjak-Vrkalj, represented points at which shepherd’s flocks could remain for longer periods, waiting for favourable conditions for crossing to the other side of the river. This assumption is based on old maps predating the construction of the accumulation lake. These maps indicate that in the immediate vicinity of these settlements were located small sand islands linked to the river bank, pointing to shallows and crossing points. These sections of the river bank, during prolonged droughts or during cold winters, when ice was formed, could have been places where the river was crossed from one side to the other. Residential architecture cannot be precisely defined, given that the discovered remains of houses are very meagre and lack sufficient elements for reconstruction. The most recent excavations on the Bubanj-Staro Selo settlemant at Niš, indicate an identical type of architectural construction as discovered at