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Sample records for senryaku sakutei nado

  1. Fiscal 2000 survey report. Survey of long-term energy technology strategy and the like (Survey of research management technique to contribute to formulation of long-term energy strategy); 2000 nendo choki energy gijutsu senryaku ni kansuru chosa hokokusho. Sangyo gijutsu senryaku sakutei kiban chosa (choki energy senryaku sakutei nado ni kansuru kenkyu kanri shuho no chosa)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    For the purpose of acquiring research management related basic materials necessary in the study of long-term energy strategy, a survey is conducted of the history, theory, and techniques of research management, the state of its utilization, and the products. The results of the survey are compiled into an introduction, itemized discussion, and materials. In the introduction, the purpose and basics of research management are discussed and confirmed. Taken up in the itemized discussion are an item (1) on research management relating to the selection of themes for research and development, which discusses the formulation of research and development strategy, selection of themes for research and development, formulation of plans for them, and a theme selection assisting system, an item (2) on research management relating to the management of research implementation, which discusses the management of implementation of research and development, interim assessment, and an implementation management assisting system, and an item (3) on the studies of key points for implementation and of research management for NEDO (New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization) to practice. As for the materials, they comprise commentaries on theories and techniques, an ex post facto assessment system and instances of assessment, list of persons related to research management, and commentaries on reference materials. (NEDO)

  2. FY 2000 report on the survey of long-term energy technology strategy, etc. - Fundamental survey to work out the industrial technology strategy. Research survey on technology innovation indices to be worked out; 2000 nendo choki energy gijutsu senryaku nado ni kansuru chosa hokokusho. Sangyo gijutsu senryaku sakutei kiban chosa (gijutsu kakushin shihyo no sakutei ni kansuru chosa kenkyu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    For technology innovation, it is indispensable to arrange the environment where the continuous and spontaneous technology innovations are generated. >From this point of view, the paper re-confirmed functions of enterprises, universities and national research institutes that are main bodies of technology innovation. For the use for working out measures for activation as the basic data, conducted were the making of indices for surveying the whole system of technology innovation in Japan, and the study of the data to be prepared as statistics and the survey method. In the 1st stage, about 450 figure/table data related to technology innovation were collected for making them database from official statistic data and publications of governments and international organizations in Japan and European countries. Further, using official statistic data, about 240 figure/tables were made which seem to be important as indices of technology innovation. In the 2nd stage, on the basis of this database, the details of the activities were analyzed, and from the indices, the actual situation/subjects were considered. At last, the paper explained the index system of 'Oslo Manual' which is a guideline of working out OECD's innovation indices. (NEDO)

  3. FY 2000 report on the survey of long-term energy technology strategy, etc. - Fundamental survey to work out the industrial technology strategy. Research survey on technology innovation indices to be worked out; 2000 nendo choki energy gijutsu senryaku nado ni kansuru chosa hokokusho. Sangyo gijutsu senryaku sakutei kiban chosa (gijutsu kakushin shihyo no sakutei ni kansuru chosa kenkyu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    For technology innovation, it is indispensable to arrange the environment where the continuous and spontaneous technology innovations are generated. >From this point of view, the paper re-confirmed functions of enterprises, universities and national research institutes that are main bodies of technology innovation. For the use for working out measures for activation as the basic data, conducted were the making of indices for surveying the whole system of technology innovation in Japan, and the study of the data to be prepared as statistics and the survey method. In the 1st stage, about 450 figure/table data related to technology innovation were collected for making them database from official statistic data and publications of governments and international organizations in Japan and European countries. Further, using official statistic data, about 240 figure/tables were made which seem to be important as indices of technology innovation. In the 2nd stage, on the basis of this database, the details of the activities were analyzed, and from the indices, the actual situation/subjects were considered. At last, the paper explained the index system of 'Oslo Manual' which is a guideline of working out OECD's innovation indices. (NEDO)

  4. Report on the surveys in fiscal 1999 on the long term energy technology strategy investigations. Investigations on foundations to establish industrial technology strategies (Structuring of emphasizing strategies and the circulation type economic society harmonizing with environment); 1999 nendo choki energy gijutsu senryaku nado ni kansuru chosa hokokusho. Sangyo gijutsu senryaku sakutei kiban chosa (jutenka senryaku (kankyo to chowashita junkangata keizai shakai no kochiku))

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    This paper is a survey report for fiscal 1999 on structuring of the circulation type economic society harmonizing with environment. In order for Japan in the 21st century to solve various problems while maintaining sustainable development of the industries and economy, structuring the industrial technology strategies is indispensable. In order to establish targets to structure the circulation type society harmonizing with environment, small targets were broken down and specific technological examples were extracted as seen from categories based on flows of goods and the policy aspects. Then, from the viewpoints of extrication from wastes, reduction of risks caused by harmful substances, and growth under suppression of the global warming, case studies were performed on policy aspects toward the year 2010. Based on these studies, images of the emphasizing strategies were prepared, that are built on three pillars of 'R', the reduction, reuse and recycling. Specific technological examples were extracted comprehensively and specifically from research and development themes in research institutions inside and outside Japan to prepare a fundamental material for establishing the small targets. Furthermore, the examples were classified from the aspects of the three Rs. Areas of technological development seeds and areas with fewer seeds were made clear successfully. (NEDO)

  5. Report on the FY 1999 survey on long-term energy technology strategy/basic survey for working out industrial technology strategy. Technology strategy by field (formed raw material field); 1999 nendo choki energy gijutsu senryaku nado ni kansuru chosa hokokusho. Sangyo gijutsu senryaku sakutei kiban chosa (bun'yabetsu gijutsu senryaku (sokeizai bun'ya))

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    The paper described the results of the survey of the formed raw material field in relation to the FY 1999 long-term energy technology strategy. In the advancing international specialization, efforts are being made for the secure basic base technology force and cost reduction required for competition, and at the same time the aim is not to retain/improve all the formed raw material technologies, but to discriminate the materials in the aspects except the cost. By promoting the reformation into the proposed type industry, it is necessary to work out the bold strategy including the review of the system/structure for promoting the strategic technology innovation by aiming at the important formed raw material technology which can be a life line for the assembly industry, in particular. Concretely, the comprehensive technology system which concentrated a variety of engineering knowledge/information was constructed. The system is shifted to the one that adopted information/communication technology. The conversion in the early time to the proposed type industry is attempted. Japan acquires capability for heightening the level of technology, by which Japan will continue leading the formed raw material technology to the world's top level. Japan realizes the network consisting of the industry, university and government. The environment is realized where new personnel will naturally enter the formed raw material industry and bottom up the total technology force. (NEDO)

  6. Survey on the long-term energy technology strategy. 2. Survey of the basement of the industrial technology strategy settlement (Environmental basement arrangement strategy); 1999 nendo choki energy gijutsu senryaku nado ni kansuru chosa. 2. Sangyo gijutsu senryaku sakutei kiban chosa (kankyo kiban seibi senryaku)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    For the Japanese industry to cope properly with the age of great competition and to secure the technology competitive force, it is indispensable to collect/analyze a lot of information and develop policies, that is, strategies, for industrial technology. For study of types of technology innovation system, a survey was conducted in FY 1999 of samples of products with comparatively high competitive force. Concept of the product concerned was examined in terms of the enterprise (person) which created the product, enterprise which commercialized it first in the world, etc. As to each of the technologies, factors to get a top share were analyzed. Based on the analyses, factors to get a large share were classified, and the relations with technology were analyzed. With 'Study of industrial technology strategy' issued in March 1999 as reference, 54 of the products of which the world share is more than 75% were extracted. In the table, about the items on creation of technology, technology was classified into the basic technology, similar technology, traditional technology, and combined technology. About the items on improvement/application, it was classified into improvement and usage development. The other items were classified into production technology, users, and development/production cooperation infrastructure. (NEDO)

  7. Fiscal 1999 research report on long-term energy technology strategy. Basic research on industrial technology strategy (Individual technology strategy). Machine industry technology field (Machine tool); 1999 nendo choki energy gijutsu senryaku nado ni kansuru chosa hokokusho. Sangyo gijutsu senryaku sakutei kiban chosa (bun'yabetsu gijjtsu senryaku) kikai sangyo gijutsu bun'ya (kosaku kikai bun'ya)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    This report summarizes the fiscal 1999 basic research result on industrial technology strategy of a machine tool field. Corresponding to construction of an environment-friendly recycling economic society and economic growth as estimated change in social and industrial structure during 2010-2025, major themes are reuse of machine tools, energy saving, environment design, chip treatment and resource recovery. With preparation of information infrastructures in an advanced information society, major issues are 3D-CAD, remote diagnosis, remote control and self-restoration. Because of decline of the birth rate, positive employment of aged persons and women is desirable. New machining technology for new materials, and fusion of various machining technologies are important. For micro-technology, study should be made on the concept and effect of micro-factory (energy saving, space saving, cost reduction, higher accuracy and higher speed). For higher-accuracy machine tool, static, dynamic, thermal and movement characteristics are the key for improving the proper technology. For faster machining. fine basic structural element, faster main spindle and faster feed are important. (NEDO)

  8. Fiscal 1999 research report on long-term energy technology strategy. Basic research on industrial technology strategy (Individual technology strategy). Aerospace technology field (Aircraft technology field); 1999 nendo choki energy gijutsu senryaku nado ni kansuru chosa hokokusho. Sangyo gijutsu senryaku sakutei kiban chosa (bun'yabetsu gijutsu senryaku (kokuki gijutsu bun'ya))

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    This report summarizes the fiscal 1999 basic research result on industrial technology strategy of an aircraft technology field. In an aircraft field, since the major theme is application of new technologies to new airframe development, with joining in international cooperative development of aircraft, Japanese initiative development of airframes based on the domestic market demands and profitability should be started as early as possible. Because there is no airframe development by only one country including U.S.A., Japan is profitable to unite with some overseas companies, and invest selectively in specific leading fields. Positive technical support to safety, reliability, comfort and environment harmony are also important. More important theme than establishment of elementary technologies is preparation of an integrated flight demonstration system to expand application chances of development results, and preparation of various test facilities for tests required during development activities. Application of information technologies to the whole aircraft industry, and organic cooperation between the private and public sectors are also important. (NEDO)

  9. Fiscal 1999 research report. Research on the long-term energy technology strategy (Basic research on the industrial technology strategy (Material technology field)); 1999 nendo choki energy gijutsu senryaku nado ni kansuru chosa hokokusho. Sangyo gijutsu senryaku sakutei kiban chosa (bun'yabetsu gijutsu senryaku (zairyo gijutsu bun'ya))

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    This research clarifies the future social issues and targets of industrial technology in a material field including metal, inorganic, organic, polymer and fiber materials, and proposes the strategy for achieving such targets, based on research on changes in science and technology trend (technical innovation), and analysis on present and future industrial and technical competition powers. The future basic technologies for enhancing such competition powers are as follows: (1) Resource/energy-saving production process, (2) Design/evaluation technology for fine textures or in an atomic level, (3) Divergence toward high-purity and composite materials, (4) Improvement of a functionality, (5) Improvement of surface treatment technologies, and (6) Development of new materials and production technologies by using computer. The following 5 strategies are proposed based on the common understanding that the Japanese material industry achieves the best material technology innovation in the world by 2010: (1) Material technology strategy, (2) Strong cooperation among the industry, university and government, (3) Preparation of an intellectual base and a standardization strategy, (4) Reform of intellectual property rights, and (5) Resource strategy. (NEDO)

  10. Fiscal 1999 survey report. Survey of long-term strategy for energy technology: Volume 1 (Survey of foundation for strategy formulation for industrial technologies - strategy for environmental foundation buildup); 1999 nendo choki energy gijutsu senryaku nado ni kansuru chosa hokokusho. 1. Sangyo gijutsu senryaku sakutei kiban chosa (kankyo kiban seibi senryaku)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    Japan has to prepare itself to behave accurately, and to stay technologically competitive, in the severe competition age to come in which it will fail to find leaders to follow. To fulfill this goal, Japan has to collect sufficient information and analyze it relative to the current state and future prospect of industrial technologies in Japan and overseas and various factors that will influence them, and to develop industrial technology related policies based firmly on scientific and theoretical foundations to be established using the thus-acquired knowledge. Under the circumstances, a survey is conducted of innovative, technological foundations, such as industrial technology related efforts in and out of Japan. The report consists of two volumes that cover what are described below. For the survey of technology related policies pursued in various countries abroad, literature and the like are investigated concerning technology related measures, budgets, and decision making processes in America, Britain, Germany, France, and the European Union, and the results are compiled so that their systems may be compared with each other. In the survey of Japan's technology related innovative systems, case studies are made about commodities over which Japan is relatively high in competitive power. Specifically, commodities manufactured by Japan's businesses and occupying 75% or more of the global share are investigated. (NEDO)

  11. FY 2000 report on the survey on the long-term energy technology strategy. Fundamental survey to work out industrial technology strategies (technology strategy by field - material technology field); 2000 nendo choki energy gijutsu senryaku nado ni kansuru chosa hokokusho. Sangyo gijutsu senryaku sakutei kiban chosa (bun'yabetsu gijutsu senryaku (zairyo gijutsu bun'ya))

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    For the purpose of constructing the material technology strategy, conducted were study of the trend of technical development, arrangement of material technology seeds, and survey of the R and D environment. Concretely, the paper carried out the grasp of the national projects related to materials in Europe and the U.S., patent registration (U.S.-Japan comparison)/application (Europe/Japan), transfer of technology trade, and survey of the trend of papers made public in scientific magazines. Further, in the survey of the R and D environment, conducted were how to treat researchers/engineers, how to handle intellectual ownership, system to promote the cooperation among industry/university/government, and comparison among countries in policies of technology such as patent strategy. The results of the survey were classified into the following 4 items: 1) trend of the technical development in the material technology field; 2) developmental environment in the material technology field; 3) competitive force in the material field and material user needs/seeds maps; 4) proposal for the material technology strategy. As to the competitive force of material technology in 3), the paper took up organic/polymer, iron/steel, aluminum, semiconductor, and ceramic materials. (NEDO)

  12. Fiscal 1999 survey report. Survey of long-term strategy for energy technology: Volume 1 (Survey of foundation for strategy formulation for industrial technologies - strategy for environmental foundation buildup); 1999 nendo choki energy gijutsu senryaku nado ni kansuru chosa hokokusho. 1. Sangyo gijutsu senryaku sakutei kiban chosa (kankyo kiban seibi senryaku)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    Japan has to prepare itself to behave accurately, and to stay technologically competitive, in the severe competition age to come in which it will fail to find leaders to follow. To fulfill this goal, Japan has to collect sufficient information and analyze it relative to the current state and future prospect of industrial technologies in Japan and overseas and various factors that will influence them, and to develop industrial technology related policies based firmly on scientific and theoretical foundations to be established using the thus-acquired knowledge. Under the circumstances, a survey is conducted of innovative, technological foundations, such as industrial technology related efforts in and out of Japan. The report consists of two volumes that cover what are described below. For the survey of technology related policies pursued in various countries abroad, literature and the like are investigated concerning technology related measures, budgets, and decision making processes in America, Britain, Germany, France, and the European Union, and the results are compiled so that their systems may be compared with each other. In the survey of Japan's technology related innovative systems, case studies are made about commodities over which Japan is relatively high in competitive power. Specifically, commodities manufactured by Japan's businesses and occupying 75% or more of the global share are investigated. (NEDO)

  13. Fiscal 1999 research report on long-term energy technology strategy. Basic research on industrial technology strategy (Individual technology strategy). Iron and steel technology field; 1999 nendo choki energy gijutsu senryaku nado ni kansuru chosa hokokusho. Sangyo gijutsu senryaku sakutei kiban chosa (bun'yabetsu gijutsu senryaku) (tekko gijutsu bun'ya)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    This report summarizes the fiscal 1999 basic research result on industrial technology strategy of a steel technology field. Japanese steel industry should correspond to requirements of the international economic society as the top runner. Although it is now difficult to suppose a basic technology innovation, stable supply of basic materials is necessary for peripheral industries. The basic raw material technology is the basis of domestic and overseas socio- economic activities. The technology development support system to retain the world-wide leadership of Japanese industries is a strategic issue. Preparation of cooperative R and D bases of industry, academia and government along a national policy is important. Strong promotion of such national projects is also essential as global environment problem, positive use of advanced information tools, development of technologies and products of unexplored fields, and development of new products and demand creation according to social needs. Such measures along social requirements are also important as raw material development to double an energy efficiency, and the policy and system to construct a recycling society and living spaces. (NEDO)

  14. Report on the FY 1999 survey on long-term energy technology strategy/basic survey for working out industrial technology strategy. Technology strategy by field - material technology field (nonferrous metal field); 1999 nendo choki energy gijutsu senryaku nado ni kansuru chosa hokokusho. Sangyo gijutsu senryaku sakutei kiban chosa (bun'yabetsu gijutsu senryaku (zairyo gijutsu bun'ya (hitetsu kinzoku bunya)))

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    The paper described the results of the survey of the nonferrous metal field relating to the FY 1999 long-term energy technology strategy. The needs for electronics products are increasing toward the 21st century. Domestically the competition with other countries in enlarging the market share has been intensifying. At the same time, the smaller the size of device becomes, the more the barriers in technology to be overcome increase. In the development of Si wafer to cope with such a situation, there are a lot of problems to be broken down in liaison with industry/government/university. Compound semiconductors are higher in speed than Si, and have a marked feature of producing light, but are difficult in crystal growth. It was in the past 20 years that the development of commercialization technology has rapidly advanced. Compound semiconductors are indispensable as a device in the energy problem which strongly influences the global environment. In the U.S., for the military use, a policy for upbringing national industries has been carried out since 1993. The role of compound semiconductor materials playing as the fundamental industry which supports the semiconductor industry and system industry as the nation's core industries is important even in Japan the same as in the U.S. (NEDO)

  15. Fiscal 1999 research report on long-term energy technology strategy. Basic research on industrial technology strategy (Individual technology strategy). Machine industry technology field (Semiconductor equipment); 1999 nendo choki energy gijutsu senryaku nado ni kansuru chosa hokokusho. Sangyo gijutsu senryaku sakutei kiban chosa (bun'yabetsu gijutsu senryaku) kikai sangyo gijutsu bun'ya (handotai seizo sochi bun'ya)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    This report summarizes the fiscal 1999 basic research result on industrial technology strategy of a semiconductor equipment field, viewing until 5-10 years after. For the future semiconductor industry, the favorable cycling of creation of new demands through performance improvement, and further technology innovation through market expansion is essential absolutely. Since technology development is followed by investment, not only the performance of each equipment but also the higher productivity and cost balance of the whole factory are essential. Self-intelligent function and networking are thus necessary for the equipment. As measures for environment preservation and energy saving, such innovative technologies are required as recycling, reuse, reaction process improvement and alternative technology. Because of diverse final products and a short life time of products, a large-scale collective investment is becoming difficult. A mini-line sequential investment production system according to demand scales is under investigation. Some issues such as micro-technology, realization of 300mm wafer, modularization, CIM, reliability and standardization are also described. (NEDO)

  16. Report on the FY 1999 survey on long-term energy technology strategy/basic survey for working out industrial technology strategy. Technology strategy by field - material technology field (nonferrous metal field); 1999 nendo choki energy gijutsu senryaku nado ni kansuru chosa hokokusho. Sangyo gijutsu senryaku sakutei kiban chosa (bun'yabetsu gijutsu senryaku (zairyo gijutsu bun'ya (hitetsu kinzoku bunya)))

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    The paper described the results of the survey of the nonferrous metal field relating to the FY 1999 long-term energy technology strategy. The needs for electronics products are increasing toward the 21st century. Domestically the competition with other countries in enlarging the market share has been intensifying. At the same time, the smaller the size of device becomes, the more the barriers in technology to be overcome increase. In the development of Si wafer to cope with such a situation, there are a lot of problems to be broken down in liaison with industry/government/university. Compound semiconductors are higher in speed than Si, and have a marked feature of producing light, but are difficult in crystal growth. It was in the past 20 years that the development of commercialization technology has rapidly advanced. Compound semiconductors are indispensable as a device in the energy problem which strongly influences the global environment. In the U.S., for the military use, a policy for upbringing national industries has been carried out since 1993. The role of compound semiconductor materials playing as the fundamental industry which supports the semiconductor industry and system industry as the nation's core industries is important even in Japan the same as in the U.S. (NEDO)

  17. Fiscal 1999 research report. Research on the long-term energy technology strategy (Basic research on the industrial technology strategy (Material technology field)); 1999 nendo choki energy gijutsu senryaku nado ni kansuru chosa hokokusho. Sangyo gijutsu senryaku sakutei kiban chosa (bun'yabetsu gijutsu senryaku (zairyo gijutsu bun'ya))

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    This research clarifies the future social issues and targets of industrial technology in a material field including metal, inorganic, organic, polymer and fiber materials, and proposes the strategy for achieving such targets, based on research on changes in science and technology trend (technical innovation), and analysis on present and future industrial and technical competition powers. The future basic technologies for enhancing such competition powers are as follows: (1) Resource/energy-saving production process, (2) Design/evaluation technology for fine textures or in an atomic level, (3) Divergence toward high-purity and composite materials, (4) Improvement of a functionality, (5) Improvement of surface treatment technologies, and (6) Development of new materials and production technologies by using computer. The following 5 strategies are proposed based on the common understanding that the Japanese material industry achieves the best material technology innovation in the world by 2010: (1) Material technology strategy, (2) Strong cooperation among the industry, university and government, (3) Preparation of an intellectual base and a standardization strategy, (4) Reform of intellectual property rights, and (5) Resource strategy. (NEDO)

  18. Fiscal 1999 research report on long-term energy technology strategy. Basic research on industrial technology strategy (Individual technology strategy (Textile technology field)); 1999 nendo choki energy gijutsu senryku nado ni kansuru chosa hokokusho. Sangyo gijutsu senryaku sakutei kiban chosa (bun'yabetsu gijutsu senryaku (sen'i gijutsu bun'ya))

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    This report summarizes the fiscal 1999 basic research result on industrial technology strategy of a textile technology field. Social demand and constraint in the 21st century restrict human life and industrial activity, however, include huge business chances. This technology strategy aims at construction of textile business contributing to the society, and improvement of the international competitiveness of Japanese textile industry. Analysis was made on the current international competitiveness of the textile industry in comparison between Japanese and American productivity. As factors hindering technological innovation, the following were pointed out: poor cooperation among industry, academia and government, poor cooperation among different kinds of industries, poor preparation of basic technology, knowledge base and creation base, and poor deregulation. As the future target and strategy, 7 technology targets, 2 creation targets, and every target year were showed. 4 proposals were also showed as follows: preparation of a technology base, creation base, talent education and knowledge base, and protection of intellectual property rights. (NEDO)

  19. FY 2000 report on the survey on the long-term energy technology strategy, etc. - Basement technology for implementation of industrial technology strategy. Survey on the extraction of preferential important technical subjects in FY 2002; 2000 nendo choki energy gijutsu senryaku nado ni kansuru chosa hokokusho - sangyo gijutsu senryaku sakutei kiban chosa. 2002 nendo yusenteki juyo gijutsu kadai no chushutsu ni kansuru chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    This survey is to investigate the consciousness of researchers and engineers of enterprises, universities, etc, of the importance of about 100 important technical subjects in 'the industrial technology strategy' prepared by the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry. In the questionnaire survey, the following were selected: 1)systematization of policy in consideration of the social needs and R and D of the technology to realize it; 2) R and D of the technology to advance the future frontier; 3) technical subjects that the government should promptly start to tackle in each classification in arrangement of the intellectual basis. Answers to the following items were obtained: 'selection reasons' for why it was considered important in each technical subject, 'lead time' toward the time of the industrialization, 'international positioning' of Japan against Western countries, 'possibility of heightening/maintaining the international competitive force,' and 'items that the government should participate in.' In 1), the following four big targets were arranged: 'security/safety,' 'informatization,' 'environment' and 'energy'. In 2), the following technical subjects were arranged: 'biotechnology,' 'information communication technology,' 'production technology,' 'materials/process technology,' 'energy/environment' and 'new blending/traversable/integrated technology.' In the results of the survey, analyzed were big targets, and trends and characteristics at technical field levels. (NEDO)

  20. Fiscal 2000 survey report. Survey of long-term energy technology strategy and the like (Research on actualities of Japanese industries' research and development potential); 2000 nendo choki energy gijutsu senryaku nado ni kansuru chosa hokokusho. Sangyo gijutsu senryaku sakutei kiban chosa (Nippon kigyo no kenkyu kaihatsuryoku no jittai ni kansuru chosa kenkyu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    For working out propositions on what the country should do and on what improvement industries should make for the strengthening of industries' competitive power on the market, analyses were conducted into the objects of research and development, organizations engaged in research and development activities, methods of evaluation, and the like. In concrete terms, studies were made on industries' roles in research and development activities and on the actualities of basic research and development potential, and then a survey was conducted through questionnaires and interviews about (1) tasks relating to corporation management and research and development potential, (2) development of research dedicated talent and its fluidity, and (3) problems feared to get worse in the future. Questionnaires were sent to 217 corporations or 577 people of whom 37.6% responded. Each item is described below. Under item (1), it is pointed out that basic research has shrunk as a whole, that pressure is on the increase urging that research directly increase profit, and that theme selection is made to match the business model. Under item (2), it is stated that post-doctorate researchers' knowledge is respected but that recruitment is another matter, and that fluidity of researchers between corporations will increase. Under item (3), it is pointed out that researchers are increasingly inferior in quality and that brain drain out of Japan is feared. (NEDO)

  1. Fiscal 1999 research report on long-term energy technology strategy. Pt. 2. Basic research on industrial technology strategy (Individual technology strategy.) Material technology field (Fine ceramics); 1999 nendo choki energy gijutsu senryaku nado ni kansuru chosa hokokusho. 2. Sangyo gijutsu senryaku sakutei kiban chosa (bun'ya betsu gijutsu senryaku) zairyo gijutsu bun'ya (fine ceramics gijutsu bun'ya)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    This report summarizes the basic research result on industrial technology strategy for a glass field. Japan is facing such various economic problems as attack by developing countries, collapse of economic babble and yen's appreciation, and environment problems over a period of several years, and a glass industry is also under the influence of such problems. For continuous development of Japan and improvement of the international competitiveness of Japan, development of a glass industry is essential. Both co- possession of technical issues by cooperation of the members, and breakdown of conventional structures of the industry are necessary. Clarification of technical issues, and cooperation of industry, academia and government is essential. The current state, promise and issues of domestic and overseas glass technology and its R and D are described. The joint target of an industrial strategy for researchers and engineers of every sector, and the approach to such target are showed from the viewpoint of the issues for Japan and preparation of common basic technology. The role of each sector for environment preparation and policy is described to achieve the target. (NEDO)

  2. Fiscal 1999 research report on long-term energy technology strategy. Basic research on industrial technology strategy (Individual technology strategy). Electronic information technology field (Human process ware field for computers); 1999 nendo choki energy gijutsu senryaku nado ni kansuru chsao hokokusho. Sangyo gijutsu senryaku sakutei kiban chosa (bun'yabetsu gijutsu senryaku) denshi joho gijutsu bun'ya (computer kanren bun'ya no uchi, human process wear bun'ya)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    This report summarizes the fiscal 1999 basic research result on industrial technology strategy of a human process ware (HPW) field on electronic information. Although the current HPW industry is not yet complete, various technologies concerned are being stored, and the HPW industry is expected as new major industry for home and personal information equipment. As factors hindering technological innovation in Japan, the incomplete market, poor cooperation between industry and government, ambiguous role of university, and poor standardization were pointed out. Technology trends were analyzed to extract seed technology fields from 3 viewpoints of mobile HPW available at any time, at any place and to anybody, HPW system capable of customizing every personal use, and HPW supporting development of a creativity. As general strategy, the technology seed chart and map of technical development targets for every HPW were prepared to conceive a route to practical use, and develop element technologies required for practical use, based on the future trend of the market. (NEDO)

  3. Report on the FY 1999 survey on long-term energy technology strategy/basic survey for working out industrial technology strategy. Technology strategy by field - chemical/process field (chemical/process technology field); 1999 nendo choki energy gijutsu senryaku nado ni kansuru chosa hokokusho. Sangyo gijutsu senryaku sakutei kiban chosa (bun'yabetsu gijutsu senryaku (kagaku process bun'ya (kagaku process gijutsu bun'ya)))

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    As to long-term energy technology strategy, the paper described the results of the FY 1999 survey of chemical/process technology. The future chemical technology should be transformed from the material production technology in which priority used to be given to convenience to new chemical technology in which the functions needed are to be created. The shortage of the developmental period and minimization of the waste are also desired by the use of new methods. For it, the industry/government/university should gather wisdom together and fulfil the requests from other industries of the country under the circumstances of the society which is aging, is decreasing in birthrate, and is being highly information-oriented. At the same time, the technology should be contributional to constructing the circulating type society which has environmental harmony. If not, it cannot be the technology which is recognized by the society. Efforts should be made for the fundamental technology development, technology to create the materials needed in the society, and development of new process technology to be recognized in the society. Further, the development of technology to meet the needs/restraints from the society should be promoted as seen in the environmental hormone. At the same time, the intellectual base should be prepared such as arrangement of the technology database for advancing smooth technology development. (NEDO)

  4. Fiscal 1999 research report on long-term energy technology strategy. Basic research on industrial technology strategy (Individual technology strategy). Electronic information technology field (Human process ware field for computers); 1999 nendo choki energy gijutsu senryaku nado ni kansuru chsao hokokusho. Sangyo gijutsu senryaku sakutei kiban chosa (bun'yabetsu gijutsu senryaku) denshi joho gijutsu bun'ya (computer kanren bun'ya no uchi, human process wear bun'ya)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    This report summarizes the fiscal 1999 basic research result on industrial technology strategy of a human process ware (HPW) field on electronic information. Although the current HPW industry is not yet complete, various technologies concerned are being stored, and the HPW industry is expected as new major industry for home and personal information equipment. As factors hindering technological innovation in Japan, the incomplete market, poor cooperation between industry and government, ambiguous role of university, and poor standardization were pointed out. Technology trends were analyzed to extract seed technology fields from 3 viewpoints of mobile HPW available at any time, at any place and to anybody, HPW system capable of customizing every personal use, and HPW supporting development of a creativity. As general strategy, the technology seed chart and map of technical development targets for every HPW were prepared to conceive a route to practical use, and develop element technologies required for practical use, based on the future trend of the market. (NEDO)

  5. FY 1999 New Sunshine Project survey research project - Survey on the long-term energy technology strategy, etc. Fundamental survey to decide on the industrial technology strategy - Technology strategy by field (Fiber technology field); 1999 nendo choki energy gijutsu senryaku nado ni kansuru chosa hokokusho. Sangyo gijutsu senryaku sakutei kiban chosa (bun'yabetsu gijutsu senryaku (sen'i gijutsu bun'ya))

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    The survey/study were conducted to contribute to proposing technology strategies such as the analysis of the present state of technical competitive force and the forecast in the fiber industry technology field. For the fiber industry to meet the requests from the society in the 21st century and to develop as an industry, it is necessary to achieve the technology innovation by making use of technology and recreation. As important seeds for which the Japanese fiber industry should focus efforts, the following were cited: To double the strength of general-purpose polymer synthetic fiber; To add the environmental control function by gradient functionalization; To practically use the environmental harmony type nonaqueous working process; To develop the fiber environmentally friendly and fiber working process; To give sensor functions such as temperature-humidity sensitive function; To develop petroleum substituting fiber materials; To develop separation/decomposition technology and reproduction technology of composite materials; etc. Further, in the recreation field, the paper cited the arrangement of intellectual property protection/design property preservation, and the promotion of commercial base making and strengthening of life style proposals. (NEDO)

  6. FY 1999 New Sunshine Project survey research project - Survey on the long-term energy technology strategy, etc. Fundamental survey to decide on the industrial technology strategy - Technology strategy by field (Material technology field - Nonferrous metal field); 1999 nendo choki energy gijutsu senryaku nado ni kansuru chosa hokokusho. Sangyo gijutsu senryaku sakutei kiban chosa (bun'yabetsu gijutsu senryaku (zairyo gijutsu bun'ya (hitetsu kinzoku bun'ya)))

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    The survey/study were conducted to contribute to proposing technology strategies such as technical competitive force and the forecast in the material field, especially in the silicon wafer and compound semiconductor field. As to the silicon wafer technology, the following technologies were pointed out as those to be reinforced: future silicon crystals, mirror processing wafer, breakthrough technology needed for super LSI, heat-treated wafer, epitaxial wafer, SOI wafer, measuring/assessment technology, etc. In relation to the compound semiconductor technology, survey/study were made on the bulk crystal growth technology, epitaxial growth technology, crystal growth device technology, wafer processing technology, inspection/evaluation technology, device processing technology, etc. As the comprehensive strategy, the following were proposed: establishment of the place for industry/government/university cooperation, establishment of the center for evaluation of wafer materials/characteristics/process, and establishment of the compound semiconductor R and D center where men of practical business ability from industry/government/university get together and conduct the R and D of production technology and production facilities for compound semiconductor materials and devices. (NEDO)

  7. FY 1999 New Sunshine Project survey research project - Survey on the long-term energy technology strategy, etc. Fundamental survey to decide on the industrial technology strategy - Technology strategy by field (Aerospace technology field - Airplane technology field); 1999 nendo choki energy gijutsu senryaku nado ni kansuru chosa hokokusho. Sangyo gijutsu senryaku sakutei kiban chosa (bun'yabetsu gijutsu senryaku (koku uchu gijutsu bun'ya (kokuki gijutsu bun'ya)))

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    The survey/study were conducted to contribute to proposing technology strategies such as the analysis of the present state of technical competitive force and the forecast in the airplane technology field. In future airplane industry, to meet the requests/restrictions from the society in the international airplane industry in the recent years, it is predicted that technology innovation will advance centering on the following four fields: next generation airplane technology to enable the innovative cost reduction in development/production, technology to realize the substantial reduction in flight cost of airline, technology to enhance reliability for the next generation flight which meets the multi-frequency flight/increasing demand for small plane, and airplane frontier technology. Moreover, regulations especially on noise, CO2 reduction and NOx reduction are becoming very strict internationally because of the increasing concern about global environmental problems. It is urgently needed to establish technology to cope with these trends. As the comprehensive strategy, the following are considered: development of airframe under the leadership of Japan and securing of the demand, efficient arrangement and operation of large-scale experimental facilities, IT adoption to the airplane industry, organic cooperation by industry/university/government, etc. (NEDO)

  8. FY 2000 report on the survey of long-term energy technology strategy, etc. - Fundamental survey to work out the industrial technology strategy. Research survey on analysis of trends of technical innovation in Japan/Europe/the U.S.; 2000 nendo choki energy gijutsu senryaku nado ni kansuru chosa hokokusho. Sangyo gijutsu senryaku sakutei kiso chosa (Nichibeio no gijutsu kakushin doko no bunseki ni kansuru chosa kenkyu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    For survey of the industrial competitive force, it is important to arrange the environment where the continuous and spontaneous technical innovation is generated. To recognize the present situation, the patent information relating to technical innovation, etc. were collected, indices of the number of patent, degree of the reference and scientific link in Japan, the U.S., and Europe were taken out by technology field to analyze the patent trend in the past 10 years. By technology field, the U.S. is superior in a lot of fields. Japan is at top rank in office supplies and camera fields, made strenuous efforts in automobile and semiconductor/electronic fields, but is behind others in medicine, biotechnology and aerospace fields. Concerning the number of patent registration in the U.S., Japan is superior to the U.S. in automobile/electric equipment/metal industries. Europe is superior in food and engineering fields. The U.S. is superior in aerospace industry and biotechnology fields. The U.S. is featured by a large number of patent applications by universities and government organizations. (NEDO)

  9. FY 1999 New Sunshine Project survey research project - Survey on the long-term energy technology strategy, etc. Fundamental survey to decide on the industrial technology strategy - Technology strategy by field (Electronic information technology field - Human process ware technology field of the computer relation field); 1999 nendo choki energy gijutsu senryaku nado ni kansuru chosa hokokusho. Sangyo gijutsu senryaku sakutei kiban chosa (bun'yabetsu gijutsu senryaku (denshi joho gijutsu bun'ya (computer kanren bun'ya no uchi, human process ware gijutsu bun'ya)))

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    The survey/study were conducted to contribute to proposing technology strategies such as the analysis of the present state of technical competitive force and the forecast in the human process ware industry technology field of the computer relation field. The human process ware is a system aimed at fermenting human power for thinking, problem solution and creation. Its main subjects are the following three: close society technology for will communication by automatically learning backgrounds of people joining the community; topics community technology for community formation for the appropriate people/organizations by grasping true topics/purposes from conversation; active interaction technology for supporting creative activities of users/community and making conversation with users. Further, in the region of the technology to meet the requests/restrictions from the society, the following are expected: energy/resource conservation; realization of the life with ease/safety and of high quality in the aged society; realization of the advanced information network society which becomes the basis of a new economic society. (NEDO)

  10. Report on the surveys in fiscal 1999. Surveys on foundations for establishing industrial technology strategies (Strategies by fields - Bio technology field); 1999 nendo sangyo gijutsu senryaku sakutei kiban chosa hokokusho. Bun'yabetsu gijutsu senryaku (Bio technology bun'ya)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    In order to deal with strengthening of competitive power in the bio-technological field and social requirements thereon, it was intended to establish target setting, ways to achieve the objectives, and technological strategies including extraction of policy problems, by combining the wisdom possessed by industries, governmental organizations, and academic world. Section 1 describes the result of the surveys on establishing technological strategies by fields. America tackles importantly with matters related to life science. Japan is strong in fermentation technologies, bio-reactors, and enzyme engineering. Japan stands nearly equal, or is slightly inferior to America in clone livestocks and bio-sensors. Japan's competitiveness is very low in such advanced technology fields as gene therapies, gene combined agricultural products, bio-agricultural chemicals, gene exploration technologies, and gene diagnosis. Section 2 describes technological strategies in four fields. To explain, the improvement in foundations to raise efficiencies in research and development and industrialization processes, strategies to place importance on such industrial fields as realizing 'wishes of people for happiness of diversified nature', the improvement of the environment in which people and societies can enjoy benefits brought about by growth of the industries, and structuring of institutions to promote industrialization of bio-technologies for the nation as a whole. (NEDO)

  11. Report on the achievements in fiscal 1999. Surveys on the foundation for establishing industrial technology strategies (Foundation and environment improving strategies - an overall survey); 1999 nendo sangyo gijutsu senryaku sakutei kiban chosa hokokusho. Kiban kankyo seibi senryaku (zentai chosa)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    Surveys were performed on the foundation for technological innovation in Japan and other countries. Main findings obtained from the actual state survey were compiled from the two aspects of 'items having difference in international comparison' and 'main findings by nucleuses and functions'. In order to activate the economy stagnated in the 1980's, America has developed strong industrial technology policies under the initiative of the government to strengthen the competitive edge, and the result thereof appears linking with the briskness in the today's U.S. economy. In Japan, the non-competitive fund distributed uniformly to national universities and national research institutes accounts for the majority in the governmental research fund. In contrast, many of the research funds of the U.S. government are the competitive fund, whereas researchers perform their research works using these funds, including their own labor cost, and the competition is intense. America is regarded to have put a huge amount of national defense research expense and space development research expense into private business entities, which are playing a large role in developing advanced technologies. A great amount of governmental fund is injected concentratedly into researches of health, medical and bio-technologies. (NEDO)

  12. Report on surveys in fiscal 1999. Foundational survey for establishing strategies for industrial technology (surveys on strategies for establishing priorities and improving intellectual foundation); 1999 nendo sangyo gijutsu senryaku sakutei kiban chosa. Jutenka senryaku chiteki kiban seibi chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    With an objective to promote technological developments smoothly, surveys and discussions were given on how the improvements in intellectual foundations are worked out inside and outside the country. In surveying the status of improving the databases inside and outside the country, it was disclosed that the databases both inside and outside the country are arranged under the auspices of the governments. The reason for this is considered because the intellectual foundation improvement is difficult to be established as a business. In order to structure a framework to put together and publicize the data including those possessed by the private sector, surveys and discussions were given on the interest among titles to intellectual properties, contractual relationship between the database improving parties and the data providing parties, relationship with taxation systems, and how the incentives should be provided for publicizing the data. In discussing a model case to utilize data acquired by the private sector, it was concluded that assistance by the governments is indispensable for the organizations for structuring and maintaining the databases to continue their activities independently. Among the data measured and managed at the national level, problems in the publicizing method thereof were discussed especially on the data related to ocean information. (NEDO)

  13. Report on the achievements in fiscal 1999. Surveys on the foundation for establishing industrial technology strategies (Foundation and environment improving strategies - an overall survey); 1999 nendo sangyo gijutsu senryaku sakutei kiban chosa hokokusho. Kiban kankyo seibi senryaku (zentai chosa)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    Surveys were performed on the foundation for technological innovation in Japan and other countries. Main findings obtained from the actual state survey were compiled from the two aspects of 'items having difference in international comparison' and 'main findings by nucleuses and functions'. In order to activate the economy stagnated in the 1980's, America has developed strong industrial technology policies under the initiative of the government to strengthen the competitive edge, and the result thereof appears linking with the briskness in the today's U.S. economy. In Japan, the non-competitive fund distributed uniformly to national universities and national research institutes accounts for the majority in the governmental research fund. In contrast, many of the research funds of the U.S. government are the competitive fund, whereas researchers perform their research works using these funds, including their own labor cost, and the competition is intense. America is regarded to have put a huge amount of national defense research expense and space development research expense into private business entities, which are playing a large role in developing advanced technologies. A great amount of governmental fund is injected concentratedly into researches of health, medical and bio-technologies. (NEDO)

  14. Report on technological trend survey in fiscal 2000. Survey on bio-technology development strategy; 2000 nendo gijutsu doko nado chosa hokokusho. Bio technology gijutsu kaihatsu senryaku chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Survey and research have been performed on bio-technologies as to their seeds of technological development projects to be worked on by the government from the viewpoint of industrial utilization technologies. In the survey on the trends of research and development and technological development on human-genomes, the survey has been done on the status of execution in the Millennium Genome Project, and how the works related to human-genomes are done at the bio-related government based research organizations and the private sector research organizations. Trends related to the human-genome research in overseas countries were also surveyed. With regard to the future prospect of research and development in the post genome age, discussions were given on the result of the questionnaire survey on opinion leaders in the industrial, governmental and academic areas. In discussing the viewpoint of the industrial utilization technologies related to human genomes, candidates assumed usable in the genome related application fields were discussed, and a basic framework of a technological map was prepared. Based on the results thereof, the technological development areas anticipated to be important in the future were extracted, and the technological development themes were discussed. (NEDO)

  15. Fiscal 1999 survey report on survey of long-term strategy on energy technology. Long-term energy technological strategy survey (Long-term energy technological strategy survey); 1999 nendo choki energy gijutsu senryaku nado ni kansuru chosa hokokusho. Choki energy gijutsu senryaku chosa (choki energy gijutsu senryaku chosa))

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    To enhance still more effectively the research and development of energy-related/environmental technologies, research and development strategies have to be worked out from a long-term view point and policy resources such as investment in research and development should be optimally distributed after clarifying and defining the course to follow toward the achievement of research and development goals. This project aims to conduct studies, and to show the course to follow in the future, towards the establishment of a long-term energy technological strategy by investigating energy systems for around 2050, interim energy systems at the intermediate stage, and innovative energy technologies for realizing such energy systems. In Chapter 1, the position of the survey and its purpose and prerequisites are shown. In Chapter 2, the history of social and economic conditions surrounding energy/environmental technologies and of energy situation up to the present time is compiled, and the outlook is analyzed and predicted. In Chapter 3, formulation of a long-term energy technological strategy is discussed. In Chapter 5, how to embody such a strategy is shown. (NEDO)

  16. Fiscal 1999 survey report on long-term energy technological strategies and the like. Long-term energy technological strategy survey (Medium-term energy technological strategy survey); 1999 nendo choki energy gijutsu senryaku nado ni kansuru chosa hokokusho. Choki energy gijutsu senryaku chosa (chuki energy gijutsu senryaku chosa)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    Energy strategies to be implemented under the New Sunshine Program by around 2010 have been compiled, with nation's industrial technological strategies, long-term energy outlook, and the like taken into consideration. The present survey aims to work out medium-term energy technological strategies. In Chapter 2, by conducting studies on the state of energy strategies in the national industry technological strategies as primarily compiled, long-term energy supply and demand outlook, and the history so far of the New Sunshine Program, and social conditions surrounding energy/environmental technologies and energy conditions are arranged in order and then analyzed with a view to deriving social needs. In Chapter 3, in view of the derived social needs, medium-term energy technological strategies are broken down into strategic target details, based on the important regions and major and minor strategic targets of the national industry technological strategies. In Chapter 4, medium-term energy technological strategies are worked out. In Chapter 5, 'basic ideas,' 'measures for promoting technology development,' 'return of the fruits to society' are mentioned as the methods of realizing the strategies. In Chapter 6, surveys and researches are summarized, and future development is predicted. (NEDO)

  17. Fiscal 1999 survey report on long-term energy technological strategies and the like. Long-term energy technological strategy survey (Medium-term energy technological strategy survey); 1999 nendo choki energy gijutsu senryaku nado ni kansuru chosa hokokusho. Choki energy gijutsu senryaku chosa (chuki energy gijutsu senryaku chosa)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    Energy strategies to be implemented under the New Sunshine Program by around 2010 have been compiled, with nation's industrial technological strategies, long-term energy outlook, and the like taken into consideration. The present survey aims to work out medium-term energy technological strategies. In Chapter 2, by conducting studies on the state of energy strategies in the national industry technological strategies as primarily compiled, long-term energy supply and demand outlook, and the history so far of the New Sunshine Program, and social conditions surrounding energy/environmental technologies and energy conditions are arranged in order and then analyzed with a view to deriving social needs. In Chapter 3, in view of the derived social needs, medium-term energy technological strategies are broken down into strategic target details, based on the important regions and major and minor strategic targets of the national industry technological strategies. In Chapter 4, medium-term energy technological strategies are worked out. In Chapter 5, 'basic ideas,' 'measures for promoting technology development,' 'return of the fruits to society' are mentioned as the methods of realizing the strategies. In Chapter 6, surveys and researches are summarized, and future development is predicted. (NEDO)

  18. Fiscal 2000 survey report on regional new energy vision formulation for Kawanabe town, Kagoshima Prefecture; 2000 nendo Kawabecho chiiki shin energy vision sakutei nado chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    A regional new energy vision has been formulated for Kawanabe town, Kagoshima Prefecture, to be participated in by inhabitants and beneficial to both natural environment protection and inhabitants. The results of the survey are described in six chapter which involve (1) the basic philosophy of vision formulation, (2) outline of new energy, (3) environmental characteristics and townspeople's awareness, (4) energy situation and the amount of new energy existing in Kawanabe town, (5) regional new energy vision for Kawanabe town region, and (6) future tasks. After a study of the existing amount of new energy, energy demand, and people's requests, it is concluded that photovoltaic power generation, wind power generation, hot spring heat utilization, small scale water energy, and refuse-derived energy be the types to be preferably introduced into the town. Projects are established and concrete plans are prepared thereunder, which concern the reinforcement of public relations and enlightening activities, installation of a wind power system as one of enlightening activities, study of Kawanabe town's own subsidy system for encouraging the introduction of photovoltaic power systems and solar heaters for domestic use, and the introduction of photovoltaic power systems into public facilities such as school houses. In conclusion, it is hoped that, since financial difficulties will be a strong factor to impede new energy introduction, the subsidy system will be a solid one. (NEDO)

  19. Report on new energy vision establishment project in Higashi Naruse Village area; Higashinarusemura chiiki shin energy vision sakutei nado jigyo hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    A new energy vision was established in the Higashi Naruse Village in Akita Prefecture. The population of the village is continuing the decreasing trend since 1950 to 3,390 persons as of 2000. The annual energy demand in this village is about 320,000 GJ, accounted for by the consumer department at about 40%, the transportation department at about 36% and the industrial department at about 24%. The carbon dioxide emission amount therefrom is estimated 6,300 t-C annually. The expected usable quantity of new energies in the village would be available, in the decreasing order, in the wind power as the most promising source, forestry bio-mass, snow cold heat energy, agricultural bio-mass, and solar beam (heat). The total quantity would be 514,330 GJ annually in heat utilization, and 85,305 MWh in electric power. The new energy introducing project includes introduction of photovoltaic and wind power generation into Kurikoma Mountain Villa, introduction of wind power generation into the Junes skiing area and Oyanagi Natural Park, introduction of photovoltaic power generation and heat utilization into primary and middle schools, introduction of clean energy fueled automobiles into the village office, and introduction of photovoltaic power generation into general houses. (NEDO)

  20. Fiscal 2000 survey report on regional new energy vision formulation for Kito village; 2000 nendo Kitoson chiiki shin energy vision sakutei nado chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    A regional new energy vision has been formulated for Kito village, Tokushima Prefecture, in the hope that it will trigger off an effort to build a mentally affluent community. Kito village is a 2,000-strong village situated in a mountainous region, and consumed 1.3 times 10{sup 5} GJ in energy in fiscal 1999. The results of activities conducted in this connection are summarized in four chapters which are (1) the outline of survey, (2) local characteristics, (3) existing amount of new energy, and (4) plans for promoting new energy introduction and energy conservation. Discussed as plans for promoting new energy introduction and energy conservation are a business of commercialization feasibility survey, plot to construct a natural energy operated school building, and a plan for promoting energy conservation. Discussed in relation to commercialization feasibility survey are a small scale hydroelectric power generation utilizing a sand-trap dam, small scale hydroelectric power generation utilizing waste water from a fish farm, regional heat supply business utilizing ligneous biomass, manufacture of ligneous pellet fuel, and so forth. In relation to the promotion of energy conservation, a drive will be launched to positively bring photovoltaic power generation into daily life. (NEDO)

  1. Project report on drawing district energy-saving visions for Town of Nishi Senboku; Nishi Senboku machi sho energy vision sakutei nado jigyo hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Studied in this project are concrete energy-saving procedures, and potentially saved energy and abated CO2 emissions in Town of Nishi Senboku, to promote energy saving and abatement of gas emissions which cause global warming. The energy-saving procedures studied include co-generation, utilization of waste heat, wind power generation, utilization of low-temperature heat by snow, fuel-efficient vehicles, use of insulators for houses, energy-saving type electric appliances, energy-saving activities, and eco-driving. The results indicate that the energy-saving activities and eco-driving can potentially more contribute to energy saving than the others. The study on introduction of energy-saving facilities in the 'Nukumori Hot Spring/Umeria' project indicates that the heat pump plus co-generation case is the most advantageous, because it can potentially reduce primary energy by 2,845,215MJ/y and CO2 emissions by 22,688kg-C/y. Introduction of energy-saving facilities is also studied for an information center in the Nishi-Senboku service area for the Akita Highway. The results indicate that the introduction can potentially reduce primary energy and CO2 emissions by 25 and 13%, respectively. (NEDO)

  2. Fiscal 2000 survey report on regional new energy vision formulation for Oki town; 2000 nendo Okicho chiiki shin energy vision sakutei nado chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    Efforts are in progress to build a resource circulation type town symbiotic with natural environments at Oki town, Fukuoka Prefecture, which is an agricultural community where creeks run in every direction. A new energy vision has been worked out for the town, which centers about a plan for building a resource circulation type community. The survey results are summarized in six chapters dealing with (1) the survey outline, (2) local conditions relative to energy, (3) energy supply/demand structure, (4) amount of new energy in existence, (5) records and analysis of inhabitants' approach to energy conservation, and (6) a new energy introduction plan. The new energy introduction plan consists of four items involving a short term plan or a key project, a project for medium/long term surveys or feasibility study for the commercialization of new energy, plans for reducing energy consumption, and so forth. Discussed in relation to the short term plan are the introduction of photovoltaic power generation into public facilities, installation of a photovoltaic power station to be jointly utilized by the inhabitants, establishment of a grant system for the installation of solar water heaters for domestic use, creation of an additional subsidy system for domestic photovoltaic power generation, and the like. (NEDO)

  3. Fiscal 2000 report on regional new energy vision formulation project for Yunomae town, Kumamoto prefecture; 2000 nendo Yunomaecho chiiki shin energy vision sakutei nado jigyo hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    A regional new energy vision has been formulated for Yunomae town, Kumamoto Prefecture, from the standpoint that local autonomies are required to work out measures compatible with Government energy policies and thereby to wrestle with environmental measures being undertaken across the world. The results of activities conducted for this purposed are stated in six chapters, which cover (1) the meaning of regional new energy vision formulation and its position, (2) outline of Yunomae town, (3) energy and environments, (4) energy situation in Yunomae town, (5) Yunomae town's regional new energy vision, and (6) plans for promoting the embodiment of the vision. In chapter (5), basic policies toward new energy utilization, overall plan, leading projects, and energy conservation measures are stated. The types of new energy taken up for discussion are photovoltaic power, wind power, biomass power, refuse-derived energy, and hydraulic energy. Projects are subjected to study, which relate to photovoltaic power generation, solar heat utilization, small scale hydroelectric power, small scale wind power, and the introduction of clean energy vehicles. It is expected that these projects when carried out will cover approximately 10% of the current energy consumption of the town. (NEDO)

  4. Fiscal 2000 report on regional new energy vision formulation project for Yoron town; 2000 nendo Yoroncho chiiki shin energy vision sakutei nado jigyo hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    A regional new energy vision has been formulated for Yoron town, Kagoshima Prefecture, which will serve as guidelines for building an Environmentally Friendly Island. Yoron town is a town of approximately 6,000 inhabitants as of fiscal 2000, its energy consumption is equivalent to 61,427 drums in terms of crude oil, and it receives electric power from Yoron Power Plant of Kyushu Electric Power Co., Inc. The results of activities conducted in this connection are summarized in seven chapters, which are (1) coping with new energy vision formulation (2), energy supply and demand, (3) estimation of existing amount of new energy, (4) basic policy toward new energy introduction, (5) projects for introducing new energy, (6) existing energy systems, and (7) reference materials. Named as projects are the construction of a water supply power source (for storage pump) for the Furusato district; power source for farmland irrigation pumps; power sources for the integrated sports park and municipal library; power source for a farmyard compost center; wind power, photovoltaic power, and combined power generation facilities for streetlights; and the utilization of bagasse. (NEDO)

  5. Report for fiscal 2000 on establishment of new energy vision in Fujino Town; 2000 nendo Fujino chiiki shin energy vision sakutei nado hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    With an objective to show specifically the efforts of working on new energies in Fujino Town in Kanagawa Prefecture, the existence quantity of new energies centering on the sun and woods was made clear to discuss the possibilities of utilizing them. Furthermore, investigations were performed on the energy demand and supply structure and possibilities of introducing new energies, and the specific new energy introduction plan was established. The activity achievements were put into order by the following six items: 1) the basic conception of the new energy vision, 2) various conditions of Fujino Town related to new energies, 3) energy demand and supply structure, 4) utilizable quantity of new energies, 5) toward the introduction of new energies, and 6) specific new energy facilities to discuss the introduction. Item 6 includes facilities to be built by defining model areas, facilities to discuss the full-swing introduction into facilities managed by the township, facilities to be discussed of full-swing introduction and to be composed in relation with the overall plan including large size hot water supply devices used at the spa, firewood boilers, a heat recovery system, and a large-scale photovoltaic power generation system. (NEDO)

  6. Report on regional new energy vision formulation project for Kahoku town, Kumamoto Prefecture; Kahokucho chiiki shin energy vision sakutei nado jigyo hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    A regional new energy vision has been formulated for Kahoku town, Kumamoto Prefecture, for the realization of an energy resource circulation type regional community in which people earnestly strive to be symbiotic with nature. The results of related activities are shown in six chapters, which are (1) the prerequisites to the plan, (2) outline of the Kahoku town region, (3) surveys of the existing amount and expectedly available amount of new energy, (4) feasibility of new energy introduction, (5) assessment of new energy introduction plans and their effect, and (6) tasks to discharge, and policies to follow, for new energy introduction. In chapter (5), new energy introduction plans and introduction policies are shown. Plans are made for the incorporation of photovoltaic power facilities, small hydroelectric power facilities, and bamboo chip boilers into public facilities; the installation of 750 kW class wind power facilities; and the adoption of hybrid vehicles to serve as official special vehicles. It is expected that these plans when implemented will bring about a 1,400 t-c/year reduction in CO2 emissions. As for the introduction of wind power generation, the dimensions are determined by taking into consideration the prerequisites to a NEDO (New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization) grant. (NEDO)

  7. Report for fiscal 2000 on surveys on foundation to establish industrial technology strategy. Surveys on foundation to assist activation of research and development; 2000 nendo sangyo gijutsu senryaku sakutei kiban chosa hokokusho. Kenkyu kaihatsu kasseika shien kiso chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    In order to help discuss the measures to activate researches and developments in private corporations, surveys were made on barriers and factors related to industrial technology research and development by fields, and discussions were given on structuring research and development models. Factors impeding research and development processes relate to a case of each phase in the fundamental research, applied research, and product development, and a case of human resources, funds and information. A policy of structuring models was determined to make quantitative the effects of different aiding systems of the government for researches and developments in private corporations. Case analyses were conducted by using a pilot model. In the present research, a questionnaire survey was carried out to acquire such data as R and D time lag, and to identify the effects of the policies. Surveys were also performed on research and development programs in North America, by making interviews to concerned corporations. As a result of the surveys, such problems were extracted as research and development fund, freer flow of human resources, research and development systems, handling of results of researches performed by consortiums, accounting systems, and sale of the government owned patents. (NEDO)

  8. Survey report for fiscal 1999 on foundation of strategy formation for industrial technologies. High-priority strategy (Construction of society of citizens giving full play to their ability, construction of society with safety and comfort); 1999 nendo sangyo gijutsu senryaku sakutei kiban chosa hokokusho. Jutenka senryaku (kojin noryoku hakki no shakai kochiku anshin anzenna shakai kochiku)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    Concrete methods of technology-related strategy construction were studied, and a prototype was built. Proposed as a basic concept was a method to follow the steps of the grasping of people's needs, mapping of people's needs, translation of people's needs into technological tasks, and finally the matching of technological tasks and technological seeds. Questionnaires were conducted and it was learned that safety and comfort, computerization, environment, and energy were the needs, and then they were set as the major targets. In this study, a process was taken up in which safety and comfort and computerization develop into technological tasks. A study was made of people's needs on a needs matrix, and intermediate targets in the field of safety and comfort were established. They are the 'building of an environment in which everyone is independent and a participant in social activities,' the 'construction of a safe and comfortable life,' and the 'sustenance and enhancement of good health.' Intermediate targets set for the field of computerization are an 'efficient electric government and administration,' 'information disclosure and distribution on the global scale,' and the 'maintenance of peace and order in the cyberspace.' (NEDO)

  9. Survey report for fiscal 1999 on foundation of strategy formation for industrial technologies. Strategy of foundation and environment buildup (Further into support for technological innovation); 1999 nendo sangyo gijutsu senryaku sakutei kiban chosa hokokusho. Kiban kankyo senryaku gijutsu kakushin shien shisaku shinkutsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    Surveyed are the roles of the government, important for environmental buildup for technological innovation. The U.S. research and development support programs are classed into contracts, grants, cooperative agreements, and CRADAs (Cooperative Research and Development Agreements). The government financially supports the first three, but not CRADA. It provides CRADA with manpower, facilities, and resources. The research and development (R-and-D) appropriation not for national defense in the U.S. fiscal 2000 budget is up 36% to $39.4 billion occupying 50.6% of the total R-and-D expense. The basic research appropriation is given the highest priority, enjoying an increase of 4.7% to $18.1 billion. In the U.S., taxation for R-and-D expenses is done in two ways. One is a research expense tax deduction system under which R-and-D expense is handled as a cost, a subject of deduction. The other is a research and experiment tax deduction system under which a certain percentage of R-and-D increment is free of taxation. NEDO's (New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization) system for national R-and-D projects is scheduled to change extensively upon reorganization of the government ministries and agencies in January, 2001. Under the circumstances, the current and future systems of the state supports for R-and-D are outlined, and the position of NEDO in them is clarified. The R-and-D systems of the entrusted businesses and the problems they contain are also described. (NEDO)

  10. Report on the surveys in fiscal 1999 on foundations for establishing industrial technology strategies. Technological strategies by fields (Water related technology field); 1999 nendo sangyo gijutsu senryaku sakutei kiban chosa hokokusho. Bun'yabetsu gijutsu senryaku (mizu kanren gijutsu bun'ya)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    This paper describes the surveys to establish strategies in the water related technology field. The primary question relates to realizing a circulation type water utilization society. Establishment of technologies as the element technologies is demanded on treating trace amount harmful substances and pathogenically harmful micro-organisms such as environmental hormones. Technologies requiring early practical application include high-efficiency energy recovery from sludge by means of methane fermentation, accelerated oxidation and super critical sludge decomposition, and composting. Structuring a comprehensive water management information system is also important. Establishment is demanded on such technologies as high stability sensors to treat harmful chemical substances, ultra high sensitivity bio-sensors for risk control, and detection of pathogenic micro-organisms. Alga identification and quantification systems are also necessary. In developing a contaminated environmental water and waste water purification system, early practical application is desired on technologies to purify soil and large-quantity diluted environmental waters by utilizing such natural materials as soil and activated carbons, biotope and micro-organisms. Manufacture of high function water by utilizing electromagnetic waves and ultra-sonic waves, and high-efficiency low-cost desalting technologies by means of membrane separation and evaporation are also required to be developed as water resource utilizing and water making technologies. (NEDO)

  11. Report on the surveys in fiscal 1999 on foundations for establishing industrial technology strategies. Technological strategies by fields (Human life engineering field); 1999 nendo sangyo gijutsu senryaku sakutei kiban chosa hokokusho. Bun'yabetsu gijutsu senryaku (ningen seikatsu kogaku bun'ya)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    This paper describes the surveys in fiscal 1999 on establishing industrial technology strategies in the human life engineering field. The human life engineering is an engineering to identify scientifically humans and their living characteristics, and apply them to products, systems, and environment building. Market size for the human living related industries is more than two trillion yen, whose annual growth rate is 9%. Discussions were given on problems that hinder technological innovations in this field. What lacks is the comprehensive strategic conception, and insufficient is the structural approach by related organizations. Technological systems for designing have not been established, and technological foundations relative to human characteristics and living characteristics are not well arranged. Methods to evaluate research achievements have not been established, and the works on proposing international standards are weak. Insufficiency in human resource nurturing is also an issue. As the future prospect and strategies, such fields as psychology, recognition, and sensitivity are important for the seeds technologies, and so are the measurement of supportive technologies, and information processing. The human living engineering aims at supporting safety, freedom from care, and high-quality life, realizing industrial and technological competitiveness of the world top groups, and forming societies with activity and high quality. (NEDO)

  12. Report on the surveys in fiscal 1999 on foundations for establishing industrial technology strategies. Technological strategies by fields (Field of nurturing human resources in chemical technologies); 1999 nendo sangyo gijutsu senryaku sakutei kiban chosa hokokusho. Bun'yabetsu senryaku (kagaku gijutsusha jinzai ikusei bun'ya)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    This paper describes nurturing of human resources in chemical technologies, as part of the surveys in fiscal 1999 on foundations for establishing industrial technology strategies. In association with the progress in scientific technologies, convenience of living has been enhanced exceptionally. On the other hand, however, problems lie in a heap, such as in global environment, energy, resources and population. Safety of chemical substances is questioned. Industrial world is greeted with the times of bubble collapse, information orientation, internationalization, and great competition. Chemical industries are aiming at differentiation and power strengthening, but demanded of conversion into making more independent developments. A large number of problems difficult of solving must be overcome by progress of scientific technologies. The core of the progress is in innovation and creation of new chemical technologies. Since what shoulders the requirements is people, nurturing chemical engineers is the urgent and important issue. Chemical engineers are demanded of having knowledge and experience in environment and safety, and ethics to accomplish social responsibilities, not to speak of their specialty technologies. Human resource nurturing must be carried out effectively under collaboration and cooperation of universities and corporations, rather than they do it independently. This paper describes problems and solution ideas, such as institutions and programs, to achieve the goal. (NEDO)

  13. Report on the surveys in fiscal 1999. Surveys on foundations for establishing industrial technology strategies (Strategies by fields - Bio technology field); 1999 nendo sangyo gijutsu senryaku sakutei kiban chosa hokokusho. Bun'yabetsu gijutsu senryaku (Bio technology bun'ya)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    In order to deal with strengthening of competitive power in the bio-technological field and social requirements thereon, it was intended to establish target setting, ways to achieve the objectives, and technological strategies including extraction of policy problems, by combining the wisdom possessed by industries, governmental organizations, and academic world. Section 1 describes the result of the surveys on establishing technological strategies by fields. America tackles importantly with matters related to life science. Japan is strong in fermentation technologies, bio-reactors, and enzyme engineering. Japan stands nearly equal, or is slightly inferior to America in clone livestocks and bio-sensors. Japan's competitiveness is very low in such advanced technology fields as gene therapies, gene combined agricultural products, bio-agricultural chemicals, gene exploration technologies, and gene diagnosis. Section 2 describes technological strategies in four fields. To explain, the improvement in foundations to raise efficiencies in research and development and industrialization processes, strategies to place importance on such industrial fields as realizing 'wishes of people for happiness of diversified nature', the improvement of the environment in which people and societies can enjoy benefits brought about by growth of the industries, and structuring of institutions to promote industrialization of bio-technologies for the nation as a whole. (NEDO)

  14. Report on the FY 1999 survey on long-term energy technology strategy/basic survey for working out industrial technology strategy. Part 1. Technology strategy by field - material technology field (fine ceramics technology field); 1999 nendo choki energy gijutsu senryaku ni kansuru chosa. 1. Sangyo gijutsu senryaku sakutei kiban chosa (bun'yabetsu gijutsu senryaku (zairyo gijutsu bun'ya (fine ceramics gijutsu bun'ya)))

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    The paper described the results of the survey of the fine ceramics technology field relating to the FY 1999 long-term energy technology strategy. The fine ceramics industry is a new industry for which the future development is expected. It has far-reaching effects on other industries. Japan has the advantage over other countries. As subjects to remarkably develop the industry, needed are the long-term basic preparation which promotes technology innovation such as the promotion of the fundamental/creative R and D, construction of an industry/university liaison system, and arrangement of the intellectual base. Preparation of the competitive environment and promotion of policies paying attention to the market are needed which make the development under the private control by creative study/corporate activities possible. Also important are the demonstration of leadership and secure international competitive force in the light of Japan's international position. For the private-control development, the role and course of various groups should be made clear from a long-term aspect. It is desirable that university/government will newly develop innovative technology, and industry will make the present technology force more developmental and competitive. Support from the nation is requested for researches large in scale. (NEDO)

  15. Fiscal 1999 research report on long-term energy technology strategy. Basic research on industrial technology strategy (Individual technology strategy). Human life, medical care and welfare field (Medical health care technology field); 1999 nendo choki energy gijujtsu senryaku ni kansuru chosa hokokusho. Sangyo gijutsu senryaku sakutei kiban chosa (bun'yabetsu gijutsu senryaku) ningen seikatsu iryo fukushi bun'ya (medidal health care gijutsu bun'ya)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    This report summarizes the fiscal 1999 research result on Japanese technology competitiveness, future trend, technology innovation and policy needs in a medical health care field. Future international growth of a medical health care equipment industry is promising because of an expected progress of medical care technology, change in medical care needs and creation of the new global market. The current highlighted technical trend is fusion of medical technology with network, system, biotechnology and micro-machine technologies, and such fusion is expected to contribute to daily use, less/no invasion and improvement of medical treatment. Industry-government cooperative measures for upgrading an international competitiveness are as follows: an approach as national policy by preparing Japanese BECOM, preparation of a system supporting venture businesses for developing medical health care equipment, and systematic establishment of a medical-engineering cooperative system. Preparation of a complementary relation with overseas countries is also desirable. (NEDO)

  16. Desempenho em 200 m nado crawl: índice de coordenação, tempo propulsivo e cinemática de nado

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcos Franken

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/1980-0037.2016v18n3p311   O objetivo deste estudo foi comparar índice de coordenação, tempo propulsivo, duração das fases da braçada e parâmetros cinemáticos ao longo de 200 m nado crawl. Variáveis foram comparadas entre os quatro trechos de 50 m (T1 a T4 em quinze nadadores competitivos (idade: 21,1 ± 7,1 anos; estatura: 180,1 ± 6,1 cm; envergadura: 187,3 ± 8,1 cm; massa corporal: 72,1 ± 10,1 kg; melhor desempenho na prova: 77,5 ± 4,7% do recorde mundial. Obtiveram-se os dados com duas câmeras de vídeo (60 Hz - acopladas a um carrinho sobre trilhos na lateral da piscina, para imagens simultâneas do plano sagital do nadador: abaixo da linha da água e acima da linha da água. Frequência média de ciclos, comprimento de braçada (assumida como a distância média percorrida pelo corpo a cada ciclo e velocidade média de nado foram obtidos com cronometragem manual. Ao longo dos 200 m, o índice de coordenação não se alterou (p > 0,05, mas houve incremento da frequência de ciclos (p < 0,05 e redução da distância percorrida por ciclo (p < 0,05. Entre T1 e T2, houve incremento do tempo propulsivo (p < 0,05 e entre T1 e T4, da duração da fase de puxada (p < 0,05. Velocidade de nado diminuiu apenas entre T1 e T2 (p < 0,05. Ao longo de 200 m nado crawl, nadadores bem treinados incrementam tempo propulsivo, duração da fase de puxada e frequência de ciclos de braçadas, tais mudanças podem ser devidas à tentativa de manutenção da velocidade ao longo dos 200 m.

  17. New energy vision for Ginoza village. Fiscal 2000 survey report on new energy vision formulation project for Ginoza village; Ginozason shin energy vision. 2000 nendo Ginozason shin energy vision sakutei nado jigyo chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    A new energy vision has been formulated for Ginoza village, Okinawa Prefecture, for the realization of symbiosis with nature. It is a 5,000-strong entirely farming village situated along the eastern coast at the middle of the main island of the Ryukyus, with energy consumption of 9,982 kl in terms of crude oil in fiscal 1999. The results of activities in this connection are summarized in six chapters, which are (1) the state of the village and new energy, (2) current state of energy supply/demand and outlook for the future, (3) existing amount of new energy, (4) trends of types of new energy under study, (5) feasibility of new energy introduction, and (6) Ginoza village's new energy vision. Chapter (6) is constituted of the general principles of new energy introduction into Ginoza village and a long-term vision of new energy introduction for each field, and discusses the introducible types which are photovoltaic power generation, wind power generation, small scale hybrid power source systems, fuel cells, natural gas fired cogeneration, refuse fueled power generation, and clean energy vehicles. (NEDO)

  18. Survey report on project for drawing district energy-saving visions for Town of Aizu Wakamatsu. Preliminary survey; 2000 nendo Aizu Wakamatsu shi chiiki sho energy vision sakutei nado jigyo (shoki dankai chosa) chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-07-01

    The feasibility study is conducted for introduction of the district energy-saving measures in City of Aizu Wakamatsu, for which the actual situations of energy consumption and promising energy-saving measures are surveyed. The city has a typical basinal weather, cold in winter and very hot and humid in summer, and tends to have a longer air-condition period in a year. It is considered that there are many wasteful energy consumption items to be studied for reduction. In the area of moving means, dependence on public transportation systems is considered to be relatively low, suggesting that there are much space of reducing transportation energy by the measures such as self-imposed control on use of private cars, promotion of utilizing public transportation systems and fuel-saving type driving throughout the city. The promising energy-saving measures studied to verify the effects include introduction of PVM analyzers for establishing better cost/effect relationship between power consumed by air-conditioners and pleasantness; introduction of garbage power generation, co-generation and high-efficiency illuminators; improvement of power-factor; and demand control for air conditioning, rationalization of power-receiving facilities, introduction of systems for saving flushing water and improvement of air conditioners' outdoor facilities. (NEDO)

  19. New energy vision for Nomura town. Fiscal 2000 survey report on regional new energy vision formulation project for Nomura town, Ehime Prefecture; Nomuracho shin energy vision. 2000 nendo Nomuracho chiiki shin energy vision sakutei nado jigyo chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    An effort is being exerted to build a town which will generate but a little environmental impact, with symbiosis with nature established as the highest priority target of the town administrative activities. Under the Nomura town new energy vision, a basic policy and measures are established toward the promotion of new energy introduction, with local features, existence of new energy resources, and the feasibility of new energy adoption taken into consideration. Surveys were made and the results are compiled into seven chapters, which involve (1) the trend of new energy, (2) local features, (3) existing amount and available amount of new energy, (4) basic policy toward the introduction of new energy, (5) main projects for the introduction of new energy, (6) details of the basic policy toward the introduction of new energy, and (7) the Nomura Town Deliberation Committee on New Energy Vision Formulation. Chapter (6) covers the assessment of new energy introduction feasibility, promotion of concretized introduction projects, public relations/enlightening/popularizing activities, and assistance for new energy introduction. Studied for introduction are photovoltaic power generation, solar heat utilization, wind power generation, biomass power generation, and the like. (NEDO)

  20. Report on FY 2000 project for drawing district energy-saving visions for Village of Satomi; 2000 nendo Satomi-mura chiiki sho energy vision sakutei nado jigy hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    The district energy-saving visions are drawn for Village of Satomi, aimed at construction of an energy-saving, resources-recycling type farming village in mountains, friendly to the environments, and the implementation organization is established. The activities include (1) questionnaire survey for energy saving, with the questionnaires sent to the citizens and enterprises, (2) actual situations of energy consumption, (3) setting the hardware and software targets achievable in 5 years, (4) setting the projects for introducing energy-saving facilities, and (5) establishment of the energy-saving spreading committee, and drawing the action programs. Insufficient practices are pointed out, and necessity for the spread/enlightenment activities are clarified. At the same time, it is estimated that the energy consumption can be potentially reduced by 8% in 5 years. It is decided to introduce a co-generation system in the biomass recycling center, systems for photovoltaic power generation and production of hot water by solar heat in the integrated day-care center, and wind power system in Plateau Satomi. (NEDO)

  1. FY 2000 Project report on survey for drawing district energy-saving visions for City of Oguchi; 2000 nendo Oguchi-shi chiiki sho energy vision sakutei nado jigyo chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    The energy-saving visions are drawn for City of Oguchi to help spread the energy-saving practices through the citizens, based on the studies on more efficient and realizable energy-saving measures, including effective utilization of district energy. The energy-saving activities cover the following 6 areas: (1) energy demand trends and current status of energy-saving measures, (2) basic environmental conditions related to energy saving in the district, (3) prediction of energy demands, (4) basic conception of the district energy saving, and introduction methodology, (5) energy-saving implementation plans, and (6) promotion of and problems involved in introduction of the energy-saving measures. The energy-saving implementation plans cover the public facilities, household, schools and private enterprises, and the energy-saving measures studied for the public facilities include introduction of microhydroelectric power generation systems for service water and sewer systems, revolving doors for libraries, high-efficiency illumination systems, and various types of solar systems. Those for household include economic utilization of home electric appliances and automobiles, and those for cooperation by the administration and citizens include thorough separation of garbage. (NEDO)

  2. Flotabilidad y similitud del nado de Manta birostris(Elasmobranchii: Myliobatidae con el ciclo de vuelo de Columba livia(Aves: Columbidae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iván Meza Vélez

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Se analizó la física de la flotación en la mantarraya Manta birostrisy se comparó el nado con el ciclo de vuelo de la paloma doméstica Columba livia, con la finalidad de encontrar similitudes y diferencias en las locomociones y las leyes físicas que intervienen. Se demostró que uno de los dos ciclos de nado estudiados de esta especie posee tres de las cuatro fases principales del ciclo de vuelo de la paloma doméstica. También se demostró un “efecto paracaídas” en M. birostris, el cual le ofrece una ventaja en su locomoción. Adicionalmente, se describió cómo el concepto físico de torque se aplica al giro de esta especie.

  3. Report on surveys in fiscal 2000 on the survey on foundation to establish industrial technology strategy. Survey on hyper-intellectual-IT infrastructure; 2000 nendo sangyo gijutsu senryaku sakutei kiban chosa hokokusho. Kodo chiteki joho gijutsu kiban (Hyper-Intellectual-IT Infrastructure) chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    As a result of rapid proliferation of the Internet and the use of broadband in networks, it is anticipated that design, manufacture, and research will be performed with a large number of simulators and databases dispersed on the networks working in coordination. Therefore, surveys have been carried out on the current status of computer utilizing methods, the current status of data expressing methods, the current status of the network dispersion environment, the current status of simulators, and the current status of the software calculation services. Functions to be possessed by the hypothetical cooperation type research, design and manufacturing environments were extracted, and so were the problems in the current situation. Indicated as the most important assignment were the extraction of the data exchanging common platform and the functions thereof, the extraction of fee charging and security mechanisms, and the problems in the intellectual properties and the protection thereof. Further enumerated as the important assignment were unification and integration of the measures taken by the government, improvement in the basic hardware environment, establishment of the software structuring policies, and listening to opinions from wide areas on software, OS, and data structure. (NEDO)

  4. Freestyle swimming technique variations using a parachute Variaciones en la técnica de crol durante el nado resistido con paracaídas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J.M. García

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available

    The appearance of new assistance materials like the parachute make it necessary for coaches to know about the impact that such devices have in swimming. To study this theme 16 national and international swimmers between 19 and 24 years old have been selected. The swimmers participated in four tests that consisted in freestyle (crawl stroke swimming for 10 and 45 seconds at maximum intensity, both with and without the parachute. These tests analysed stroke frequency and stroke length. A within-subjects design has been applied and a study of the facts has been made with an AVAR with repeat measures. The results indicate that the stroke frequency decreases (p<0.05 in the parachute swim during the 10 and 45 second tests, compared with the normal swim. It was also observed that the stroke frequency is higher (p<0.01 in the 10 second test than in the 45 second test. The stroke length is higher (p<0.01 in the normal swim test than in the parachute test. With respect to the swim periods of time, the stroke length is higher (p<0.01 in the 45 second test than in the 10 second test. The parachute swim produces important changes in stroke frequency and stroke length in both the 10 and 45 second tests in subjects swimming the freestyle at maximum intensity.
    KEY WORDS: swimming, swim resistance, parachute, crawl, freestyle,. stroke frequency, stroke length.

    La aparición de nuevos materiales auxiliares, como el paracaídas, hace necesario que los entrenadores conozcan las modificaciones que estos producen durante el nado. Para conseguir este objetivo se seleccionaron a 16 nadadores de nivel nacional e internacional comprendidos entre los 19 y 24 años. Éstos realizaron cuatro pruebas que consistieron en nadar a crol durante 10 y 45 segundos a máxima intensidad, utilizando el nado normal (NN y el nado resistido con paracaídas (NRCP. En estas pruebas se analizaron las variables

  5. Efeitos comportamentais e imunológicos da fluoxetina em ratos submetidos ao nado forçado

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Vignoto Fernandes

    Full Text Available No presente trabalho, os efeitos comportamentais e imunomoduladores da fluoxetina foram avaliados num modelo animal de depressão, o nado forçado. Nesse, o comportamento de flutuar é sensível a antidepressivos e é usado como índice de desespero comportamental. Foram utilizados dois grupos experimentais, sendo um grupo controle tratado com salina e outro grupo teste tratado com a fluoxetina, ambos administrados por via intra-peritoneal. Os animais foram tratados três vezes ao dia por 12 dias. Adicionalmente, a resposta imune humoral a uma imunoestimulação (hemácias de carneiro foi avaliada. A fluoxetina provocou aumento no tempo em flutuação, queda na massa corporal e menor produção total de anticorpos. Os resultados indicam uma modulação simultânea do comportamento e do sistema imunológico pela fluoxetina.

  6. Comparación de los efectos del D-004, imipramina y sertralina en el modelo de nado forzado en ratones

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daisy Carbajal Quintana

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: La finasterida, inhibidor de la 5 a-reductasa, se emplea en el tratamiento de la hiperplasia prostática benigna, y ocasiona entre sus efectos adversos un aumento de cuadros de depresión. El D-004 es un extracto lipídico extraído a partir del fruto de la palma real (Roystonea regia, inhibe la 5 a-reductasa y previene la hiperplasia prostática benigna, y muestra un efecto antidepresivo moderado en el ensayo de nado forzado y suspensión por la cola. Objetivo: comparar el efecto del D-004 con la imipramina y la sertralina sobre la duración de las conductas de inmovilidad, nado y escalado en el ensayo de nado forzado. Métodos: se distribuyeron los ratones en ocho grupos: control (vehículo, tres tratados con D-004 (100, 250 y 500 mg/kg, dos con sertralina y dos con imipramina (30 y 50 mg/kg respectivamente. Estos se colocaron en un cilindro de cristal que contenía agua a una altura de 6 cm y se cuantificaron las conductas. Resultados: la administración oral de D-004 (100, 250 y 500 mg/kg durante 14 días redujo significativamente el tiempo de inmovilidad con respecto al grupo control (17, 22 y 25 % y aumentó significativamente la conducta de nado en 1,58, 1,68 y 1,74 veces. Este efecto resulta moderado (25 % comparado con las reducciones alcanzadas por la sertralina y la imipramina (³ 60 %. Las dosis mayores (250 y 500 mg/kg ocasionaron incrementos de la conducta de escalado, 2,79 y 3,55 veces superiores a la del grupo control, lo que mostró semejanza con la imipramina, aunque con una menor eficacia. Conclusiones: el D-004 ejerce un moderado efecto antidepresivo, lo que pudiera contribuir al manejo de los pacientes con hiperplasia prostática benigna en los cuales se informa coincidencia de cuadros depresivos.

  7. Antidepressant behavioral effects of duloxetine and fluoxetine in the rat forced swimming test Efeitos antidepressivos da duloxetina e da fluoxetina no teste do nado forçado em ratos

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    Leandro Ciulla

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available PURPOSE: To compare the effects of the antidepressant drugs duloxetine and fluoxetine on depressive behaviors in rodents. METHODS: Eighteen male Wistar rats were given systemic injections of duloxetine, fluoxetine, or saline prior to a Forced Swimming Test (FST. Immobility and number of stops were measured. RESULTS: Rats given injections of fluoxetine displayed significantly less immobility (p = 0.02 and fewer stops than the control group (p = 0.003. Duloxetine significanlty reduced the number of stops (p = 0.003, but did not effect immobility (p = 0.48. CONCLUSION: Duloxetine and fluoxetine reduced depressive behaviors in the Forced FST. However, our findings suggest that fluoxetine is more effective than duloxetine.OBJETIVO: Comparar o efeito antidepressivo da droga cloridrato de duloxetina com a fluoxetina. MÉTODOS: O teste do nado forçado, teste comportamental que avalia a atividade antidepressiva em ratos, foi utilizado em 18 ratos Wistar, machos adultos, divididos em três grupos iguais: duloxetina, fluoxetina e controle. RESULTADOS: Os dados do teste do nado forçado foram analisados pelo teste One-way ANOVA, Mann Whitney e Kruskall-Wallis.Houve diferença significativa (p = 0,003 entre o número de paradas dos grupos duloxetina e fluoxetina e o grupo controle. CONCLUSÃO: A duloxetina e a fluoxetina tiveram frequência de paradas similares. A fluoxetina mostrou ser mais efetiva que a duloxetina no teste do nado forçado em ratos.

  8. Transtorno do comportamento alimentar em atletas de elite de nado sincronizado Eating disorders in elite synchronized swimmers

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    Talita Adão Perini

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: O objetivo do presente estudo foi identificar a presença de transtorno do comportamento alimentar (TCA ou síndromes precursoras e o grau de distorção da imagem corporal em atletas de elite de nado sincronizado. Essa modalidade é considerada de risco para desenvolvimento de TCA por valorizar, além de outros aspectos, a leveza e beleza de movimentos que, de certa forma, estão associados a baixa massa corporal. MÉTODOS: Foram avaliadas 27 atletas de nado sincronizado, sendo 19 da categoria juniores (15,6 ± 0,8 anos e oito da categoria de seniores (19,0 ± 1,3 anos que compunham a seleção brasileira na época do estudo (2000. Um grupo de 32 adolescentes não-atletas (15,0 ± 1,6 anos foi usado para comparação com as atletas. Os procedimentos metodológicos adotados foram: aplicação de três instrumentos de auto-relato, validados. 1 EAT-26 - presença de comportamentos alimentares inadequados; 2 BITE - presença de atitudes sugestivas de bulimia nervosa; e 3 BSQ - insatisfação da auto-imagem corporal. RESULTADOS: Embora tanto o grupo de atletas, quanto o de não-atletas tenham apresentado parâmetros antropométricos compatíveis com padrões saudáveis para a idade e sexo, os resultados evidenciam a presença de insatisfação com a auto-imagem corporal e a adoção de práticas patológicas de controle da massa corporal, sobretudo entre atletas da categoria juniores e entre as adolescentes não-atletas. CONCLUSÕES: Os resultados encontrados no presente estudo retratam uma tendência mundial de preocupação com a aparência entre adolescentes capaz de levá-las à adoção de condutas não-saudáveis.OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to identify the Eating Behavior Disorder (EBD or precursory syndromes and the level of distortion of the body image of elite synchronized swimming athletes. This sport modality is considered of risk for development of eating disorders for valuing, among other aspects, the

  9. Efeito do treino com elástico cirúrgico na melhora do desempenho de jovens nadadores na distância de 50 metros na técnica de crol : efeito da utilização de tarefas de treino de velocidade de nado resistido com elástico cirúrgico na melhora do resultado obtido num teste de 50 metros de crol em jovens nadadores

    OpenAIRE

    Rezende, Mônica dos Anjos Costa de

    2010-01-01

    Dissertação de mestrado em Biocinética, apresentada à Faculdade de Ciências do Desporto e Educação Física da Universidade de Coimbra Este estudo consiste na avaliação do efeito de treino com nado resistido, através do uso de um elástico cirúrgico (série 3x4x20” três vezes por semana), durante um período de cinco semanas sobre a força propulsiva e a velocidade de nado numa prova de 50 metros nado de crol. A amostra constou de 22 jovens atletas de dois países, 10 (5 masculino, 16,0 anos ±0,3...

  10. Efeito do destreinamento sobre variáveis cinemáticas relacionadas ao desempenho do nado crawl com diferentes estratégias de respiração

    OpenAIRE

    Pereira, Bernardo Maia Farage

    2012-01-01

    Sabe-se que o destreinamento acarreta em perda das adaptações do sistema cardiorrespiratório e neuromuscular adquiridas com o treinamento físico, inclusive na natação. Apesar de diversos estudos terem investigado o efeito do destreinamento do ponto de vista fisiológico, ainda não foi encontrado na literatura estudos que tenham investigado o efeito do destreinamento em variáveis cinemáticas durante o nado. Sabendo disso esse trabalho foi desenvolvido com objetivo de verificar se há efeito do d...

  11. Surface swimming behavior of the curculionid Ochetina uniformis Pascoe (Erirhininae, Stenopelmini and Ludovix fasciatus (Gyllenhal (Curculioninae, Erodiscini Comportamento de nado superficial exibido pelos Curculionidae Ochetina uniformis Pascoe (Erirhininae, Stenopelmini e Ludovix fasciatus (Gyllenhal (Curculioninae, Erodiscini

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    Wesley Oliveira de Sousa

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available The swimming behavior exhibited by specimens of L. fasciatus and O. uniformis was analyzed frame-by-frame with video observation recorded with a digital camera, attached to a stereomicroscope. Adults of O. uniformis, an aquatic insect, swim with all three pairs of legs. During the process of swimming the majority of the abdomen and rostrum remain submerged, part of the fore and hind tibiae remain above the surface, while the mid tibiae remain submerged. The mesothoracic legs, during the power-stroke stage, provide the greatest thrust while the metathoracic legs provide the least forward propulsion. The prothoracic legs, extended forward, help to direct the swimming. The semi-aquatic specie L. fasciatus shows the same swimming style as O. uniformis, that is, with movement of all the three pairs of legs; the mesothoracic legs are responsible for the main propulsion. The insect body remains on the water surface during the process of swimming, while the legs remain submerged. Both species complete a swimming cycle in 0.33 and 0.32 seconds, respectively, with an average speed of 1.38 cm/s and a maximum and minimum swimming duration time of 11.15 and 5.05 minutes, respectively, for L. fasciatus. The swimming behavior exhibited by O. uniformis and L. fasciatus corresponds to the style known as a breast strokelike maneuver. This is the first record of this kind of swimming for both species here observed and increases to seven the number of genera of Curculionidae exhibiting this behavior.O comportamento de nado exibido por indivíduos de L. fasciatus e O. uniformis foi analisado quadro a quadro através de imagens obtidas com o auxílio de uma câmera fotográfica digital com opção de vídeo, acoplada a um estereomicroscópio. Foi demonstrado que O. uniformis, espécie aquática, nada com o auxílio dos três pares de pernas. Durante este processo a maior parte do abdome e rostro localizam-se abaixo da superfície da água, parte das t

  12. Feasibility study on plan to utilize livestock excreta for bio-gas in Miyagi Village (Gunma Prefecture). Investigations on projects including district new energy vision establishment in fiscal 2000, and on feasibility for commercialization; Miyagimura chikusan haisetsubutsu bio gas ka energy riyo keikaku feasibility study. 2000 nendo chiiki shin energy vision sakutei nado jigyo, jigyoka feasibility study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    With objectives to utilize energy available from livestock excreta, and to properly treat the livestock excreta, a feasibility study was performed on a plan to utilize livestock excreta for bio-gas. The system to be developed is a livestock wastes treatment system to utilize gas generated by efficiently fermenting the excreta as fuel, and residual sludge solids as compost. The activity achievements were put into order by the following nine items: 1) purpose of the feasibility study, 2) method for the feasibility study, 3) the situation where the livestock industry and the hog raising industry were selected as the object of the investigation, 4) properties of hog excreta, characteristics in urine foul water treatment, technologies for urine foul water treatment (biological treatment), 5) bio-gasification of livestock wastes, 6) the basic conditions for investigating the demonstration bio-bas plants, 7) proposals and standard cases of the demonstration bio gas plants, 8) discussions and positioning of the basic system for the demonstration bio gas plants, and 9) conclusion. (NEDO)

  13. Comparación de los efectos del D-004, imipramina y sertralina en el modelo de nado forzado en ratones Comparative effects of D-004, Imipramine and Sertraline in the forced swimming test in mice

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    Daisy Carbajal Quintana

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: La finasterida, inhibidor de la 5 a-reductasa, se emplea en el tratamiento de la hiperplasia prostática benigna, y ocasiona entre sus efectos adversos un aumento de cuadros de depresión. El D-004 es un extracto lipídico extraído a partir del fruto de la palma real (Roystonea regia, inhibe la 5 a-reductasa y previene la hiperplasia prostática benigna, y muestra un efecto antidepresivo moderado en el ensayo de nado forzado y suspensión por la cola. Objetivo: comparar el efecto del D-004 con la imipramina y la sertralina sobre la duración de las conductas de inmovilidad, nado y escalado en el ensayo de nado forzado. Métodos: se distribuyeron los ratones en ocho grupos: control (vehículo, tres tratados con D-004 (100, 250 y 500 mg/kg, dos con sertralina y dos con imipramina (30 y 50 mg/kg respectivamente. Estos se colocaron en un cilindro de cristal que contenía agua a una altura de 6 cm y se cuantificaron las conductas. Resultados: la administración oral de D-004 (100, 250 y 500 mg/kg durante 14 días redujo significativamente el tiempo de inmovilidad con respecto al grupo control (17, 22 y 25 % y aumentó significativamente la conducta de nado en 1,58, 1,68 y 1,74 veces. Este efecto resulta moderado (25 % comparado con las reducciones alcanzadas por la sertralina y la imipramina (³ 60 %. Las dosis mayores (250 y 500 mg/kg ocasionaron incrementos de la conducta de escalado, 2,79 y 3,55 veces superiores a la del grupo control, lo que mostró semejanza con la imipramina, aunque con una menor eficacia. Conclusiones: el D-004 ejerce un moderado efecto antidepresivo, lo que pudiera contribuir al manejo de los pacientes con hiperplasia prostática benigna en los cuales se informa coincidencia de cuadros depresivos.Introduction: Finasteride is a 5 a-reductase inhibitor to treat benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH and one of the adverse effects is the increase of depressive symptoms. D-004 is a lipid extract from the real palm

  14. Desempenho e pacing na prova de 200 m nado borboleta: variabilidade e relações dos tempos parciais de 50 m com o tempo final

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    F.A. de Souza Castro

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: Objetivo: Analisar o desempenho e o pacing de prova dos semifinalistas da prova de 200 m nado borboleta do 15.° Campeonato Mundial de Natação da Federação Internacional de Natação (FINA. Método: Os dados foram obtidos da página eletrônica da FINA. Os 32 tempos da etapa semifinal, masculina e feminina, foram divididos em 4 grupos: 8 homens classificados para a final (G1M, 8 homens não classificados (G2M, 8 mulheres classificadas para a final (G1F e as 8 mulheres não classificadas (G2F. A velocidade de nado, para cada parcial de 50 m, foi estimada pelo quociente entre 50 m e o respectivo tempo. Foram calculados os coeficientes de variação de tempo das 4 parciais de 50 m e comparados entre os grupos (ANOVA. Tamanho de efeito foi verificado com d de Cohen. Correlacionou‐se o desempenho (tempo total com o tempo de cada parcial de 50 m (r de Pearson. Resultados: O coeficiente de variação para as parciais de 50 m foi menor nos grupos dos finalistas de ambos os sexos (G1M e G1F e menor para as mulheres. A terceira parcial de 50 m apresentou maior correlação com o desempenho final em ambos os sexos. A velocidade média caiu ao longo da prova em ambos os grupos. Conclusão: O pacing para o melhor desempenho na prova é evitar variações de tempo ao longo dos 200 m nado borboleta e os treinamentos devem ser direcionados ao aprimoramento condicionante dessa parcial (150‐200 m. Resumen: Objetivo: Analizar el desempeño y pacing durante la prueba de semifinalistas de 200 m mariposa del 15.° Campeonato Mundial de Natación de la Federación Internacional de Natación (FINA. Método: Los datos fueron retirados de la página electrónica de la FINA. Los 32 tiempos de la semifinal masculina y femenina fueron divididos en cuatro grupos: ocho varones clasificados para el final de la prueba analizada (G1M, ocho varones no clasificados (G2

  15. Análise dos parâmetros cinemáticos determinantes do desempenho na prova de 200 m nado livre Analysis of the determinant kinematical parameters for performance in the 200-m freestyle swimming event

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    Maria Inês Ferreira

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Os objetivos deste estudo foram: i caracterizar o nado submáximo e máximo do ponto de vista cinemático; ii verificar a influência das variáveis cinemáticas na prova máxima de 200 metros crawl. Nove nadadores de elite nacionais realizaram dois testes: um submáximo, descontínuo de intensidade progressiva; outro máximo, que consistiu em uma simulação de uma prova de 200 m crawl. Foram estudados os parâmetros cinemáticos gerais da mecânica da braçada, a duração de cada fase do ciclo gestual, a velocidade do centro de massa e a variação intracíclica da velocidade horizontal. Verificaram-se diferenças cinemáticas significativas da frequência gestual, velocidade de deslocamento do centro de massa, duração total do ciclo gestual, duração da ação subaquática propulsora e da velocidade do centro de massa na fase de recuperação entre os testes. Identificou-se associações significativas entre o teste máximo e algumas variáveis cinemáticas como a velocidade do centro de massa e índice de nado.The main aims of this study were i to perform a kinematic characterization of sub and maximal swimming speed; ii to investigate the associations between the kinematic profiles and the 200 m front crawl style. Nine national level male swimmers performed two speed tests: a submaximal discontinuous speed trial of progressive speed intensity, and a maximal one, simulating a 200 m front crawl style. The stroke general kinematic parameters, the phases duration of the stroke cycle, the velocity of the centre of mass and the intra cyclic variation of the horizontal velocity were herein studied. Significant kinematic differences in relation to stroke rate, horizontal velocity of the centre of mass, total cycle duration, absolute and relative duration of the propulsive sub aquatic action and the velocity of the centre of mass during the arms recovery were compared between the speed tests. Significant correlations between the performance in

  16. Antidepressant behavioral effects of duloxetine and amitriptyline in the rat forced swimming test Efeitos antidepressivos da duloxetina e da amitriptilina no teste do nado forçado em ratos

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    Honório Sampaio Menezes

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available PURPOSE: To compare the effects of the antidepressant drugs duloxetine and amitriptyline on depressive behaviors in rats. METHODS: Fifteen male Wistar rats were given systemic injections of duloxetine, amitriptyline or saline prior to a Forced Swimming Test (FST. Immobility and number of stops were measured. Data were analyzed by one-way ANOVA and Kruskall-Wallis. RESULTS: Rats given injections of duloxetine displayed fewer stops than the amitriptyline and control group (pOBJETIVO: Comparar o efeito antidepressivo da droga cloridrato de duloxetina com a amitriptilina. MÉTODOS: O teste do nado forçado, teste comportamental que avalia a atividade antidepressiva em ratos, foi utilizado em 15 ratos Wistar, machos adultos, divididos em três grupos iguais: duloxetina, amitriptilina e controle. Os dados foram analisados pelo teste One-way ANOVA e Kruskall-Wallis. RESULTADOS: Houve diferença significativa entre o número de paradas (p <0,05 entre os grupos duloxetina e amitriptilina e o grupo controle. Grupo amitriptilina e controle não apresentaram diferença (p=0,8. CONCLUSÃO: A duloxetina reduziu o comportamento depressivo sendo mais efetiva do que a amitriptilina.

  17. Neonatal treatment with fluoxetine reduces depressive behavior induced by forced swim in adult rats Tratamento neonatal com fluoxetina reduz o comportameto depressivo induzido pelo nado forçado em ratos adultos

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    Cristiano Mendes-da-Silva

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available Serotonin plays a role at the pathophysiology of depression in humans and in experimental models. The present study investigated the depressive behavior and the weigh evolution in adult rats (60 days treated from the 1st to the 21st postnatal day with fluoxetine, a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (10 mg/kg, sc, daily. The depressive behavior was induced by the forced swim test (FST. The animals were submitted to two sessions of FST: 1st session for 15 min and the 2nd session 24h later, for 5 min. During the 2nd session the Latency of the Attempt of Escape (LAE and Behavioral Immobility (BI were appraised. The Fluoxetine group when compared to the Control group, showed an increase in LAE and a decrease in BI. The neonatal administration of fluoxetine reduced the depressive behavior in adult rats, possibly by increase in the brain serotonergic activity. This alteration can be associated to process of neuroadaptation.Estudos em humanos e em modelos experimentais demonstram que a serotonina (5-HT participa da fisiopatologia da depressão. O presente estudo investigou o comportamento depressivo e a evolução ponderal de ratos adultos jovens (60 dias tratados do 1º ao 21º dia pós-natal com fluoxetina, um inibidor seletivo de recaptação da serotonina, (10 mg/kg, sc, diariamente. A depressão experimental foi induzida através do teste de nado forçado (NF. Os animais foram submetidos a duas sessões de NF, a primeira por 15 min e a segunda após 24 h, por 5 min. Durante os 5 min de NF a latência da tentativa de fuga (LTF e o tempo de imobilidade (TI foram avaliados. O grupo tratado com fluoxetina apresentou aumento da LTF e redução do TI comparado ao controle. A administração neonatal de fluoxetina reduziu o comportamento depressivo em ratos adultos, possivelmente em função do aumento da atividade serotoninérgica cerebral. Esta alteração poderá estar relacionada a processos neuroadaptativos.

  18. Estudio preliminar de la expresión proteómica cerebral de la región hipocampal de ratas expuestas a diferentes niveles de estrés inducido por el nado forzado Preliminary study of cerebral proteomics expression of hippocampal region from rats exposed to different stress levels induced by forced swimming

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    Guerrero Nasser

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: en general, los estímulos estresores pueden inducir respuestas adaptativas o mal adaptativas dependiendo, entre otras cosas, de su intensidad y la duración. Sin embargo, no se han llevado a cabo estudios que relacionen cuantitativa y cualitativamente la intensidad de estrés al que es expuesto un animal y la expresión de proteínas del hipocampo. Objetivo: evaluar la expresión diferencial de proteínas hipocampales en ratas Wistar-UIS, expuestas a diferentes niveles de estrés inducido por el nado forzado. Materiales y métodos: se utilizaron 30 ratas Wistar-UIS machos distribuidas aleatoriamente en 3 grupos según el tiempo de exposición al nado forzado como estímulo estresor (0, 5 y 15 minutos. Después de 24 horas se extrajeron los hipocampos dorsales y se realizó electroforesis bidimensional de las proteínas extraídas. A continuación, se llevó a cabo el procesamiento de las imágenes de los geles obtenidos utilizando el software PDQUEST 2D. Aquellas proteínas en las se detectaron intensidades asociadas a los tiempos de exposición al estímulo, se identificaron de manera presuntiva utilizando la base de datos bioinformática Export Protein Analysis System (EXPASY. Resultados: de acuerdo con el análisis proteómico y bioinformático se identificaron 60 proteínas, de las cuales, 38 eran comunes al hipocampo derecho e izquierdo; 13 del hipocampo derecho y 9 del izquierdo. Conclusión: se encontraron diferencias en la expresión de proteínas entre el hipocampo derecho e izquierdo del tipo dosis dependientes decrecientes después de haber sometido a los animales a diferentes niveles de estrés inducido por la prueba de nado forzado. Salud UIS 2012; 44 (1: 17-27Introduction: in general stressful stimuli can induce adaptive maladaptive responses, depending among other things, of their intensity and duration. However, no studies were found in the literature that link quantitatively and qualitatively the intensity of

  19. Optimization of sustaining swimming speed of matrinxã Brycon amazonicus: performance and adaptive aspects Otimização da velocidade de nado sustentado em matrinxã Brycon amazonicus: rendimento e aspectos adaptativos

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    Gustavo Arbeláez-Rojas

    2010-01-01

    ,5 comprimentos corporais - BL por segundo. As melhores velocidades de nadado estiveram entre 1,0 e 1,5 BL s–1, nas quais o crescimento dos peixes foi 20% maior que nas outras. A hemoglobina e as células vermelhas do sangue em 1,5 BL s–1 aumentaram 24% e 18% respectivamente; o hematócrito foi 17 % maior em todos os peixes exercitados; o conteúdo de proteína do músculo branco em 1,0 BL s–1 foi 2% maior; a deposição de lipídio no músculo vermelho em 1,0 BL s–1 foi 22% maior e a retenção de água foi 3% menor. Os níveis de energia bruta aumentaram 10% em todos os peixes exercitados; a retenção de água no fígado foi 6 % menor em 1,0 BL s–1; a composição de lipídio no fígado foi 29% maior do que o controle e 34% maior do que a 1,5 BL s–1; a energia bruta no fígado aumentou em 1.0 BL s–1 comparada com o controle e 2,5 BL s–1. A deposição de lipídio no músculo ventral foi 9% maior em 2,0 BL s–1. Embora alta deposição de lipídio em matrinxã tenha sido obtida em velocidades moderadas de nado, os lipídios podem ser a fonte de combustível principal para manter as exigências metabólicas de matrinxã em exercício. A melhor velocidade de nado para obter o melhor crescimento em matrinxã está entre 1,0 e 1,5 BL s–1.

  20. Aplicación de volúmenes de nado para las categorías 11 - 12 y 13 -14 años de los atletas de la escuela de natación de Pinar del Río

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    Zaylen Serralta Hernández

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available La presente investigación es un estudio realizado con los atletas de las categorías 11-12 y 13-14 años de La Escuela de Natación de Pinar de Río, tomando como muestra a todos los alumnos de estas categorías a partir del curso 2007-2008. Se analiza detalladamente los volúmenes de nado propuestos por el Programa de Preparación del Deportista (PPD, donde se aprecia que los atletas de la provincia no logran cumplir lo indicado por el mismo, siendo el inicio tardío en la práctica del deporte, la carencia de piscinas con un funcionamiento estable y las bajas temperaturas en el periodo invernal, los que más afectan el proceso. Provocando esto que no se alcancen resultados satisfactorios y con ello desmotivación y deserción por parte de los alumnos. La aplicación de los nuevos volúmenes inferiores a los PPD nos permitió obtener una mejor progresión y resultados satisfactorios en los eventos que se participa en las distintas competencias.

  1. Efecto del D-004, un extracto del fruto de Roystonea regia y omega-3 en el modelo de nado forzado en ratones Effect of D-004, a fruit extact from Roystonea regia and Omega-3 in a model of forced swimming in mice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daisy Carbajal Quintana

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available La depresión se encuentra entre las principales causas de morbilidad y mortalidad de la población adulta y su manejo farmacológico incluye, entre otras opciones alternativas, el uso de la medicina complementaria, como es el caso del aceite de pescado rico en ácidos grasos omega-3 (AGw3. El D-004, extracto lipídico de los frutos de la palma real (Roystonea regia que consiste en una mezcla de ácidos grasos, ha mostrado poseer una moderada acción antidepresiva. El objetivo de este trabajo consistió en comparar los efectos del tratamiento oral con D-004, con los AGw3 y con su terapia combinada en el modelo del nado forzado en ratones. Para ello, ratones machos se distribuyeron en 8 grupos: uno control tratado con el vehículo, dos con D-004 (250 y 500 mg/kg , dos con AGw3 (250 y 500 mg/kg, dos con la combinación y uno con imipramina (10 mg/kg i.p.. Todos los tratamientos disminuyeron significativamente el tiempo de inmovilidad con respecto al control, sin diferencias entre dosis similares de los respectivos tratamientos. En conclusión, el D-004, los AGw3 y su terapia combinada resultaron igualmente efectivos en reducir el tiempo de inmovilidad de los ratones, sin manifestarse efectos aditivos o sinérgicos con la administración conjunta de ambas sustancias.Depression is among the major causes of morbidity and mortality of adult population and its pharmacologic management includes among other alternative options, the use of the complementary medicine, e.g. the fish oil rich in Omega-3 fatty acids (AGw3. The D-004, a lipid extract of Real Palm fruits (Roystonea regia consisting of a fatty acid mixture, has a moderate antidepressant action. The aim of present paper was to compare the effects of oral treatment using D-004 with the AGw3 and with its combined therapy in forces swimming in mice. Thus, the male mice were distributed into 8 groups: one as control treated with vehicle, two with D-004 (250 and 500 mg.kg, two with AGw3 (250 and 500

  2. Ne nado obizhatsja na Karzaja / Sven Mikser

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mikser, Sven, 1973-

    2008-01-01

    Afganistani presidendi Hamid Karzai arvates on liitlasvägede Helmandi provintsis viibimise ajal olukord provintsis halvenenud. Autori arvates on Eesti rahukaitseväed teinud oma tööd Afganistani olukorra stabiliseerimisel hästi, ja seda jätkatakse

  3. Troihh nado ubrat, reshil komissar / Boris Tuch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tuch, Boris, 1946-

    2004-01-01

    4. märtsil esilinastus mängufilm "Täna öösel me ei maga" : stsenaristid Kristian Taska, Jaan Tätte : režissöör Ilmar Taska : operaator Istvan Borbas : produtsent Kristian Taska : peaosades Carmen Kass, Peter Franzen; Maria Avdjushko, Priit Võigemast : Taska Productions

  4. Comportamento de variáveis fisiológicas em atletas de nado sincronizado durante uma sessão de treinamento na fase de preparação para as Olimpíadas de Atenas 2004 Comportamiento de variábles fisiológicas en atletas de nado sincronizado durante una sesion de entrenamiento en la fase de preparación para las Olimpíadas de Atenas 2004 Behavior of physiological variables in synchronized swimming athletes during a training session preparing for the Athens 2004 Olympic Games

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marina Guimarães Antunes Pazikas

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar o comportamento de variáveis fisiológicas durante uma sessão de treino de nado sincronizado realizada na fase de preparação para as Olimpíadas de Atenas 2004. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: A amostra utilizada foi constituída pelo dueto (24 ± 0 anos representante do Brasil em Atenas 2004. A coleta de dados foi realizada durante uma sessão de treinamento com duração de 198 minutos. O treino se iniciou com a parte física, seguida da parte técnica. Para a determinação da glicemia e da concentração de beta-hidroxibutirato foi utilizado o monitor Optium® com suas respectivas tiras. As concentrações de cortisol e das enzimas lactato desidrogenase (LDH e creatina quinase (CK foram determinadas por radioimunoensaio (DPC© e kits comerciais (CELM®, respectivamente. O acompanhamento da freqüência cardíaca (FC foi realizado com o freqüêncimetro Advantage Polar®. RESULTADOS: Foi observada redução (~2% do peso corporal. A glicemia também apresentou queda (~30% em comparação ao valor obtido no início do treino. Em contrapartida, foi observada elevação na concentração de cortisol (salivar 22% e plasmática 29% e de beta-hidroxibutirato (~340%. Não foi observada alteração significativa na concentração plasmática de CK e de LDH. O acompanhamento da FC demonstrou que dos 198 minutos que constituíram a sessão de treino, 36,5 ± 0,7 minutos foram realizados em intensidade leve; 103,5 ± 0,7 minutos em intensidade moderada, 54,0 ± 2,1 minutos em intensidade alta e 4,0 ± 0,0 minutos em intensidade muito alta. CONCLUSÕES: A perda de peso indica que a reposição hídrica não foi adequada. A redução na glicemia e o aumento na concentração de corpos cetônicos e de cortisol reforçam a importância da suplementação de carboidrato durante o treino de longa duração. O comportamento da FC demonstra que a sessão de treinamento foi realizada em uma intensidade moderada, porém com

  5. Proposta de teste incremental baseado na percepção subjetiva de esforço para determinação de limiares metabólicos e parâmetros mecânicos do nado livre Propuesta de un test adicional basado en la percepción subjetiva del esfuerzo para determinar los límites metabólicos y los parámetros mecánicos del nado libre Incremental test proposal based on the rating of perceived exertion to determine metabolic thresholds and mechanical parameters of free style

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manoel Carlos Spiguel Lima

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available A percepção subjetiva de esforço (PSE é determinada de forma não invasiva e utilizada juntamente com a resposta lactacidêmica como indicadores de intensidade durante teste incremental. Em campo, especialmente na natação, há dificuldades nas coletas sanguíneas; por isso, utilizam-se protocolos alternativos para estimar o limiar anaeróbio. Assim, os objetivos do estudo foram: prescrever um teste incremental baseado na PSE (Borg 6-20 visando estimar os limiares metabólicos determinados por métodos lactacidêmicos [ajuste bi-segmentado (V LL, concentração fixa-3,5mM (V3,5mM e distância máxima (V Dmáx]; relacionar a PSE atribuída em cada estágio com a freqüência cardíaca (FC e com parâmetros mecânicos de nado [freqüência (FB e amplitude de braçada (AB], analisar a utilização da escala 6-20 na regularidade do incremento das velocidades no teste e correlacionar os limiares metabólicos com a velocidade crítica (VC. Para isso, 12 nadadores (16,4 ± 1,3 anos realizaram dois esforços máximos (200 e 400m; os dados foram utilizados para determinar a VC, velocidade de 400m (V400m e a freqüência crítica de braçada (FCb; e um teste incremental com intensidade inicial baseada na PSE, respectivamente, 9, 11, 13, 15 e 17; sendo monitorados em todos os estágios a FC, lactacidêmia e os tempos de quatro ciclos de braçadas e das distâncias de 20m (parte central da piscina e 50m. Posteriormente, foram calculadas as velocidades dos estágios, FB, AB, V LL, V3,5mM e V Dmáx. Utilizaram-se ANOVA e correlação de Pearson para análise dos resultados. Não foram encontradas diferenças entre VC, V Dmáx e V LL, porém a V3,5mM foi inferior às demais velocidades (P La Percepción Subjetiva del Esfuerzo (PSE es determinada de forma no invasiva y utilizada juntamente con la respuesta lactacidémica como indicadores de intensidad durante un test de incremento. En campo, especialmente en la natación, hay dificultades en las colectas

  6. Improved genetic algorithms using inverse-elitism; Gyakuerito senryaku wo mochiita kairyo identeki algorithm

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kawanishi, H.; Hagiwara, M. [Keio University, Tokyo (Japan)

    1998-05-01

    Improved Genetic Algorithms (GAs) have been proposed in this paper. We have directed our attention to `selection` and `crossover` in GAs. Novel strategies in selection and crossover are used in the proposed method. Various selecting strategies have been used in the conventional GAs such as Elitism, Tournament, Ranking, Roulette wheel, and Expected value model. These are not always effective, since these refer to only the fitness of each chromosome. We have developed the following techniques to improve the conventional GAs: `inverse-elitism` as a selecting strategy and variable crossover range as a crossover strategy. In the `inverse-elitism`, an inverse-elite whose gene values are reversed from those in the corresponding elite is produced. This strategy greatly contributes to diversification of chromosomes. As for the variable crossover range, we combine the following crossover techniques effectively: one is that range in crossover is varied from wide to narrow gradually to carry out global search in the beginning and local search in the ending; another is that range in crossover is varied from narrow to wide. We confirmed validity and superior performance of the proposed method by computer simulations. 18 refs., 9 figs., 3 tabs.

  7. Increased dialogue between NADOs and academics – challenges and possibilities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gleaves, John; Christiansen, Ask Vest

    2015-01-01

    More than just repositories of knowledge, academics have an obligation to also forge new paths of discovery. As the boundary between what we know and what we still do not know expands, academics are not required to ask “what applied value does this discovery have.” Galileo’s curiosity in the time...... it took a chandelier to swing, measured only by his heartbeat, was not intended to help create modern timepieces, though it did through the discovery of the tautochrone nature of a pendulum. It was simple curiosity driven by unanswered questions and the human desire to know. We should pursue truth...

  8. Research report for establishment of NEDO vision; NEDO vision no sakutei ni muketa chosa kenkyu hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    Because of an increase in energy demand due to economic growth and industrial structure change in the Asian area and its effect on global environment, the economic evolution harmonizing with energy and environment (3E) of the Asian area is required. The role of Japan, in particular, NEDO for achieving such 3E was studied from an international viewpoint. The following are thus surveyed: The history of energy demands, economic growth, an increase in energy consumption and their effect on global environment in the Asian area, and the policies, measures and future plans of Asian countries corresponding to the above situations. The role of NEDO is first of all R & D of biomass toward practical use, and development of effective use technology of biomass energy. Positive approach to control of CO2 emission and immobilization of CO2 is also required in industrial and traffic fields. As technology transfer from Japan, promotion of joint researches and establishment of an economic support scheme are expected together with transfer of the basement technology and training. 79 figs., 13 tabs.

  9. Vallo Reimaa : "Statussu regionalnogo tsentra nado sootvetstvovat i za nego nado borotsja" / Vallo Reimaa ; interv. Aleksei Starkov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reimaa, Vallo

    2007-01-01

    Regionaalminister vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad Jõhvi gümnaasiumi juurdeehituse rajamist ja riigilt selleks toetuse taotlemist, linnade konkurentsi regionaalkeskuse staatuse saamiseks, Ida-Viru maavanema kandidaate. Minister on seisukohal, et tuleb toetada kõike, mis tugevdab Jõhvi kui regionaalkeskuse staatust, ja regionaalne gümnaasium on just selline objekt

  10. Trends in business management strategies of major international oil companies; Kokusai sekiyu kigyo meja no keiei senryaku no doko

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kashio, H. [The Institute of Energy Economics, Tokyo (Japan)

    1995-07-01

    This paper summarizes the former half part of the analysis made on business strategies of major international oil companies. The net earning of R/D Shell in fiscal 1994 increased by 1.8 billion dollars to 6.3 billion dollars. Its loan rate decreased to 16.7%. It increased the crude oil production by 3% to 2.2 million B/D, and the natural gas production by 1.2% to 7.3 billion cfd. The upstream department had the net earning decreased by 23% to 2.4 billion dollars because of decline in crude oil price. The net earning of the downstream department showed an increase by 20% over that in the previous year to 3.2 billion dollars. The chemical department had its business turned to black ink. The net earning of Exxon in the same year decreased by 200 million dollars to 5.1 billion dollars due to the reduced crude oil price and low refining margin. The upstream and downstream departments showed a decrease of 530 million and 630 million dollars respectively. The chemical department had an increase of 130% to 950 million dollars as a result of the recovery in the European markets. The net earning of Mobile in the same year showed a decrease of 2.1 billion dollars, ending in the amount of 1.1 billion dollars. The decrease has been caused by the decline in crude oil and natural gas prices and a 30% reduction in the refining margin. The chemical department changed for the better, with improved sales margins in oil products sold in overseas markets. 28 figs.

  11. Fiscal 2001 survey report on regional new energy vision formulation at Kyonan Town; 2001 nendo Kyonan machi shin energy vision sakutei chosa hokokusho. Chiiki shin energy vision sakutei tou jigyo (Watashitachi ga tsukuru machi, subete ga koen no machi)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-03-01

    A regional new energy vision was formulated at Kyonan Town, Chiba Prefecture, which includes a new energy introduction plan, an action program for the plan, and the like, intended to promote enlightenment/popularization relative to new energy and environmental matters. Kyonan Town consumes 18.69 times 10{sup 10} kcal of energy, with oil accounting for 65.4%, LPG for 6.0%, and electricity 28.6%, the statistics disclosing that the town has an oil-dependent energy consumption structure. The new energy likely to be introduced will comprise 13,574 times 10{sup 10} kcal/year in solar energy, 336,187 MWh/year in wind power, 17,170 kWh/year in small-scale hydroelectric power, 0.57 times 10{sup 10} kcal/year in refuse fueled power, and 0.60 times 10{sup 10} kcal/year in biomass fueled power. The town's new energy introduction project centers on photovoltaics, passive solar heat utilization, wind power, small-scale hydroelectric power, and aims to introduce the new energies into public facilities such as the Eco Garden and Katsuyama Primary School, and into kindergartens, nursery schools, shopping malls, and so forth. A plan was also worked out for adopting clean-energy vehicles for official use. (NEDO)

  12. Survey for working out a new energy vision of the Tateshina Town area; 2001 nendo Tateshina machi shin energy vision sakutei chosa hokokusho. Chiiki shin energy vision sakutei tou jigyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For the purpose of promoting the introduction of new energy and heightening the awareness of new energy in Tateshina Town, Kita-saku County, Nagano Prefecture, study was made of the existence amount of new energy, energy consumption amount in the town, project for the concrete introduction, etc., and a 'new energy vision of the area' was worked out. According to the sample survey, in the energy supply/demand structure of Tateshina Town, electricity was 32.2%, kerosene 23.9%, gasoline 17.1%, light oil 11.2%, heavy oil 10.3%, etc. By sector, the commercial/residential sector was 57.1%, transportation sector 25.9% and industrial sector 17.0%. The demand in FY 2010 is expected to increase by 8.9%-22.0% in FY 2010. For the project on new energy introduction, the following were studied: supply of new energy information, support of the introduction to town people, energy utilization of forest resource, preparation of an eco-museum in the Shin-jin'nai forest park, promotion of the tourism using new energy, study of energy utilization of stockbreeding waste, introduction to administrative facilities, etc. (NEDO)

  13. Survey report. New energy vision formulation project for Osa Town, Okayama Prefecture; 2001 nendo Osa cho shin energy vision sakutei tou jigyo chosa hokokusho. Chiiki shin energy vision sakutei tou jigyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    A New Energy Vision was formulated for Osa Town after investigations about energy demand, new energy reserves, and their available amounts. The town consumes approximately 50.6-billion kcal in total, with automobiles consuming a half thereof as fuel. Studies were made about new energy reserves and recoverable amounts in the town, and then an estimation was made that 16.2 times 10{sup 5} kWh/year would be recoverable from photovoltaic energy, 1.58 times 10{sup 5} kWh from small-scale hydropower, 8.79 times 10{sup 6} kWh from ligneous biomass, and 1.96 times 10{sup 5} kWh from livestock biomass, and that 40 MW, for example, would come from wind power, subject to change depending on the wind power generator system to be built. Projects for new energy introduction were discussed, which involved the use of biodiesel fuel for official vehicles, installation of solar hot water showers in primary and junior high schools, application of photovoltaic/wind power to crime prevention lights and street lamps, snow melting systems for roads utilizing geothermal energy, use of heat from thinnings and ligneous waste, wind power facilities, small-scale hydropower facilities, introduction of new energy appliances into sightseeing facilities, and the introduction of photovoltaic power or the like into public facilities. (NEDO)

  14. Report on establishment of new energy vision in Akeno Village (Yamanashi Prefecture); Akenomura shin energy vision sakutei hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    A new energy vision was established to move positively forward the introduction of reproducible new energies and promotion of energy conservation at the district level, based on the basic conception of 'protecting and nurturing nature and culture of Akeno Village to leave them to the future generations'. The activity achievements were put into order by the following five items: 1) basic conception and basic policy in establishing the new energy vision, 2) the general situation of Akeno Village, 3) investigation on energy demand and supply in Akeno Village, 4) estimation of existence quantity of new energies, and 5) the new energy introduction vision. Item 5 is composed of the conception in establishing the idea, new energy introduction plans, and new energy introduction projects. The new energy introduction projects include introduction of photovoltaic power generation into Akeno Middle School, installation of wind power generation facilities at open space in the 'Road Station', introduction of hybrid street lights using micro wind mills and solar cells into the school zone roads, and introduction of clean energy fueled automobiles into official use automobiles. (NEDO)

  15. Report on new energy vision establishment in Oga City area; Ogashi chiiki shin energy vision sakutei hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    A new energy vision was established in Oga City in Akita Prefecture. The population of the city is continuing the decreasing trend since 1955 to 30,462 persons as of 2000. The number of employed people by industry is in the trend of decreasing in the primary industry, leveling off in the second industry, and increasing in the tertiary industry. The annual energy demand in this city is 838,000 MWh in electric power and 302 times 10{sup 13} J, accounted for by the consumer department at about 44.4%, the transportation department at about 28.3% and the industrial department at 27.3%. The carbon dioxide emission amount therefrom is estimated 68,100 t-C. The expected usable quantity of new energies in the city would be available in solar heat as the largest source, followed by solar beam and wind power, whose amount is estimated 136.41 times 10{sup 13}J annually in total. The new energy introducing project includes introduction of wind power generation into Namahage Line and its vicinity and the Ikari area, manufacture of fuel from refuses, introduction of clean energy fueled automobiles into the cars used by the city office, introduction of photovoltaic into the general gymnasium and primary and middle schools, and solar heat utilization at the general gymnasium. (NEDO)

  16. New energy vision of the Gushikami Village area; 2001 nendo Gushikami son chiiki shin energy vision sakutei tou jigyo hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For the purpose of promoting the introduction of new energy and enhancing the awareness of it in Gushikami Village, Okinawa Prefecture, an investigational study was conducted of the energy demand of the village, existence amount of new energy, plan for new energy introduction, etc., and a vision was worked out. The energy demand of Gushikami Village was estimated at 640.2 x 10{sup 6} MJ/y. By sector, it consisted of 37.1% in the transportation sector, 32.0% in the commercial/residential sector and 30.8% in the industrial sector. The rate of energy source was 73.7% of petroleum-base fuel and 26.3% of electric power. As the plan for new energy introduction, the following were studied: introduction of photovoltaic power generation to the village office/museum/elementary school/junior high school, introduction of solar heat utilization facilities to the meal providing center/gymnasium, introduction of wind power generation to the sports park, project of wind power generation on the sugar cane hill (600kW x 6 turbines), cogeneration by composting of stockbreeding waste and methane, introduction of clean energy car to official vehicle, introduction of natural gas vehicle, installation of experimental plant for conversion of sugar cane to methanol, etc. (NEDO)

  17. Report on a regional new energy vision establishment in Yatsuka Township; Yatsukamachi chiiki shin energy vision sakutei jigyo hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Surveys and discussions were given on establishing a new energy vision in Yatsuka Township in Shimane Prefecture. For the survey on available amount of natural energies (sunlight and wind), all-weather insolation required for solar energy power generation was analyzed by using the NEDO information, and wind was analyzed based on observations at Matsue Meteorological Observatory, Sakai-minato Observatory, and Nakaura Water Gate. In discussing the system, power generation amount in the Matsue area was estimated for the case when solar cells of single crystal silicon plus amorphous hybrid type HIP-H48B1 are used. For wind power generation, power generation amount was calculated from observation values derived at the Nakaura water gate when wind mills with diameters from 2 to 10 m are used. Furthermore, calculations were performed on power amount generated uniformly by using a hybrid system using solar energy power generation and wind power generation. As a result of the discussions, a plan was established to introduce the new energies by means of a solar and wind energy hybrid power generation system to the greenhouse 'Green Stellar' symbolizing the Japan's largest peony production, being capable of year-round peony cultivation. The system is planned to be introduced to the town office building and other public organizations sequentially according to annual programs. (NEDO)

  18. Survey report on establishing a regional new energy vision in Gohoku Village; Gohokuson chiiki shin energy vision sakutei chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    A regional new energy vision was established in Gohoku Village in Kochi Prefecture. Significance of this vision as a guideline for new energy introduction lies in preservation of natural environment, development promotion of the district, and building of a village strong against disasters. According to the discussion on energy availability in Gohoku Village, the expected usable amount will be about 5.13 million kWh/year by using solar energy power generation, about 2.25 billion kcal/year by utilizing solar heat, about 42 million kWh/year by utilizing wind energy, about 1.07 million kWh/year by using a small hydroelectric power plant, and about 31 million kcal/year by using wastes energy. The important new energy introduction projects are planned for introducing solar energy power generation, solar heat utilization, wind power generation, and small hydroelectric power generation in the area of 'Green Park Hodono' to make it a new energy model park (an ecology park), introducing solar energy power generation and solar heat utilization in the health and welfare center, day-service center, and special aged nursing home, and introducing clean energy fueled automobiles in official use. (NEDO)

  19. Research on elaboration of the evaluation guidelines for activities implemented jointly; Kyodo jisshi katsudo hyoka guide line sakutei chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    Elaboration of the evaluation guidelines for activities implemented jointly (AIJ) was researched to prevent the earth from warming. AIJ is the means to globally promote countermeasures against global warming cost-effectively by optimally combining every country`s technology, know-how and fund. AIJ was established in the 1st Conference of the Parties (COPI) of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in March, 1995. The pilot phase of AIJ is first carried out by voluntary workers jointly with developing countries under the agreement of the parties. The current situation of activities is reported in COPI as materials for evaluation of AIJ. To promote AIJ, elaboration of the evaluation guidelines for AIJ Japan program is also necessary for Japan. This research arranged the contents of the evaluation guidelines and the method of classifying projects for AIJ Japan program, and carried out some case studies of promising projects to reduce greenhouse gas emission for future proposal. 3 figs., 31 tabs.

  20. Report on establishing new energy vision at Furen Town area; 2001 nendo Furen cho chiiki shin energy vision sakutei hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-03-01

    With an object of accelerating introduction of and uplifting consciousness on new energies at the city of Furen in Hokkaido, investigations and discussions were given on the energy demand, quantity of new energies in existence, and new energy introduction projects of the city, thus a new energy vision was established. The estimated amount of energy consumed in Furen Town is 119,846 x 10{sup 3} kWh. By departments, the transportation department has the highest consumption ratio, followed by general household. Energy types are kerosene, followed by heavy oil, electric power and LPG in the decreasing order. The important new energy introduction projects have discussed the ''Snow Storehouse Workshop'' being a low temperature rice storage facility in Bibai City, which performs cold storage and shipment adjustment of agricultural products, through-the-year agriculture to perform house cultivation by using rice straws and rice husks as the heat energy source, adjustment of temperatures of paddy fields by using calorific power of rice husks, electric power generation and heat supply by using heat of combustion of chips from lumber factories, electric power generation and heat supply by using livestock excreta (bio-gas), and introduction of new energies into schools and parks. (NEDO)

  1. Investigation report on establishment of new energy vision in Toyohashi area; Toyohashi chiiki shin energy vision sakutei chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    The 'new energy vision for Toyohashi (Aichi Prefecture) area' was established from the viewpoint that proliferation of new energy use, which is less familiar and higher in cost, requires induction by urban and environmental measures, and consistency with district characteristics. The achievements were put into order as the report on the Toyohashi area new energy vision and the investigation on the vision establishment. The vision is composed by the following four items: 1) basic matters concerning the vision, 2) ideas and policies of the vision, 3) major measures for introducing new energies, and 4) promotion of the vision. Item 3) presents the introduction measures, introduction project, and measure development by areas. Considerations on the introduction measures include enlightenment for proliferation, expansion in information provision, development of preferential treatments, initiative introduction into public facilities, and the measures to strengthen cooperative works by citizens, business entities, and the administration. The following four projects were set: introduction of wastes power generation into the Resource Production Center (wastes treatment plant), improvement of the surplus heat utilization facilities, and introduction of wind power generation into the General Agricultural Park. (NEDO)

  2. Investigation report on establishment of new energy vision in Toyohashi area; Toyohashi chiiki shin energy vision sakutei chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    The 'new energy vision for Toyohashi (Aichi Prefecture) area' was established from the viewpoint that proliferation of new energy use, which is less familiar and higher in cost, requires induction by urban and environmental measures, and consistency with district characteristics. The achievements were put into order as the report on the Toyohashi area new energy vision and the investigation on the vision establishment. The vision is composed by the following four items: 1) basic matters concerning the vision, 2) ideas and policies of the vision, 3) major measures for introducing new energies, and 4) promotion of the vision. Item 3) presents the introduction measures, introduction project, and measure development by areas. Considerations on the introduction measures include enlightenment for proliferation, expansion in information provision, development of preferential treatments, initiative introduction into public facilities, and the measures to strengthen cooperative works by citizens, business entities, and the administration. The following four projects were set: introduction of wastes power generation into the Resource Production Center (wastes treatment plant), improvement of the surplus heat utilization facilities, and introduction of wind power generation into the General Agricultural Park. (NEDO)

  3. Report on survey in fiscal 2000 on the survey on corporate research and development strategies. 2; 2000 nendo kigyo kenkyu kaihatsu senryaku chosa hokokusho. 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    With an objective to discuss the ways of the research and development by the government and the private corporations intended to strengthen the international competitive power, surveys have been performed on the current status of collection and analysis of the basic data related to the research and development and the policies to aid research and development and technological development under the governmental organization initiatives in foreign countries. With regard to the trends in the main indexes of research and development activities in Japan, the following different indexes were selected and analyzed: research expense, nature of researches (basic research, applied research, and developmental research), trends by business types, trends in patents, trends in technology trades, trends in technology introduction, and research and development expense. These items are in addition to the macro index for the research and development activities per GDP. With regard to the research and development strategies in foreign countries, the 'DOE Research and Development Portfolio' summarizing the energy strategy by the U.S. Department of Energy, and the 'Science Research Priorities' published by the British OST were selected and discussed. The discussion was intended to analyze the actual status and the results of research and development by using governmental funds in foreign countries. (NEDO)

  4. Trend of the strategy of European and American chemical industry in the restructuring; Obei kagaku sangyo no saihen ni miru senryaku no doko

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Niimi, M.; Yamabe, T.

    1999-12-01

    The business of life science is the cover products which connect directly with life such as medical supplies, functional food, nutriments, agricultural chemicals or seeds. The wave of the reorganization of enterprises in the life science field also spread to the integration of the medicine specialty enterprises, and new association trees mainly on medical supplies such as Novartis in Switzerland, Zeneca, Astra Zeneca and Glaxo Wellcome in England were born. Many major chemistry manufacturers are also agricultural chemical manufacturers. Though agricultural chemicals were being shifted to one which being effective at the low use owing to the environmental problems, with the advance of the popularization of gene recombination crops, sales decreased on the agricultural chemical business more, and participation and restructuring to the seed business were accelerated. In this paper, the outline of business restructuring and strengthening the basic strategy in the main chemistry enterprises in Europe and the U.S.A. are described. As a trend of the restructuring, some examples on Du Pont, Dow chemical, Monsanto, ICI, Akzo Nobel, Novartis, Shell Chemicals, BASF, Hoechst and Bayer are introduced. (NEDO)

  5. Research report of fiscal 1997. Survey on strategies of export of environment technology in overseas countries; 1997 nendo chosa hokokusho. Shogaikoku no kankyo gijutsu yushutsu senryaku chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    For active environment technology export to OECD countries, needs for environmental measures in developing countries were surveyed. Both collection of environment technology needs in developing countries and preparation of technology seeds information of Japanese enterprises, and promotion of environmental projects by adding an information dispatch function are important. Active preparation and exchange of experiences and know-how of concerned enterprises, local governments and national organizations are also necessary. For development and possible export of small- and medium-sized ventures with excellent technologies and know-how, a suitable consulting system is essential for risks. For smooth promotion of warming prevention by international cooperation, active development of monitoring technology is also important. To support developing countries, OJT of persons in charge in technology transfer sites, and preparation of information infrastructure are necessary. Japan with much know-how on environmental preservation should positively participate in international standardization activities such as ISO. 10 refs., 14 figs., 56 tabs.

  6. FY 2000 report on the survey of strategies for spreading renewable energy to developing countries; 2000 nendo tojokoku eno saisei kano energy fukyu senryaku chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    For Laos, Bangladesh, Malaysia and Vietnam, survey was conducted to promote the introduction and spread of renewable energy, mainly the photovoltaic power generation. Relating to the solar radiation, the amount in the four countries is much higher than that in Japan, 3.4kWh/m{sup 2}/day on average. The countries are areas suitable for the photovoltaic power generation. As to the wind velocity, the area where the wind velocity is higher than 5m/second, which enables the introduction of the wind power generation, is limited to the south/west of Bangladesh, Malaysia, and the coastal part and islands in Vietnam. The wind power generation is being used in Malaysia and Vietnam. As for the precipitation, it rains concentratedly in the rainy season, and therefore, it is difficult to stably secure energy through the year by the small-scale hydroelectric power generation. In Vietnam, however, resident individuals eagerly introduce the small-scale hydroelectric power generation, and about 20,000kW is now in operation. Concerning the introduction of the photovoltaic power generation, Bangladesh is in a state of working out a master plan, Laos is in a state of drawing up a plan for the spread, and Malaysia and Vietnam are in a state of the verification. (NEDO)

  7. Report on survey in fiscal 2000 on the survey on corporate research and development strategies. 2; 2000 nendo kigyo kenkyu kaihatsu senryaku chosa hokokusho. 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    With an objective to discuss the ways of the research and development by the government and the private corporations intended to strengthen the international competitive power, surveys have been performed on the current status of collection and analysis of the basic data related to the research and development and the policies to aid research and development and technological development under the governmental organization initiatives in foreign countries. With regard to the trends in the main indexes of research and development activities in Japan, the following different indexes were selected and analyzed: research expense, nature of researches (basic research, applied research, and developmental research), trends by business types, trends in patents, trends in technology trades, trends in technology introduction, and research and development expense. These items are in addition to the macro index for the research and development activities per GDP. With regard to the research and development strategies in foreign countries, the 'DOE Research and Development Portfolio' summarizing the energy strategy by the U.S. Department of Energy, and the 'Science Research Priorities' published by the British OST were selected and discussed. The discussion was intended to analyze the actual status and the results of research and development by using governmental funds in foreign countries. (NEDO)

  8. The U.S.-Japan Security Relationship After the Cold War

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-01-01

    Section, Overseas Research Department of JETRO 2. Hideya Kurata, research fellow, Japan Institute of International Affairs 3. Keiji Kobayashi , senior...pp. 184-193. Nishimura, Shigeki, "Senryaku tenkan no sessoku o haisu," Voice, September 1992, pp. 94-105. Biblography 103 Nobuaki , Takahashi

  9. A influência de palmares e parachute na coordenação dos nados

    OpenAIRE

    Thiago Telles

    2012-01-01

    Resumo: A natação é uma modalidade esportiva que, ao longo dos anos, sofreu modificações, atingindo um alto nível de exigência, o que é refletido nas sessões de treinamentos e nas pesquisas sobre a modalidade. Sendo assim, para otimizar o deslocamento nos nadadores pode-se otimizar a força propulsora. Para isso, pode-se utilizar palmares e parachute. Os palmares tem como função promover o aumento artificial da área da mão, desta maneira, aumenta-se a área frontal da mão do sujeito em contato ...

  10. Vladimir Panov : obvinenija nado dokazõvat / Vladimir Panov ; interv. Jana Toom

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Panov, Vladimir, 1941-

    2008-01-01

    Pistisevõtmises süüdistatud Tallinna endine abilinnapea Vladimir Panov vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad viieaastast kohtuprotsessi ning Äripäeva ja meedia suhtumist talle esitatud süüdistusse. Kommenteerivad: Tarmu Tammerk, Andrus Saar, Edgar Savisaar

  11. "Estoniju v JeS zashtshishtshat ne nado!" / Signe Ratso ; interv. Eteri Kekelidze

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ratso, Signe, 1960-

    2004-01-01

    Majandus- ja kommunikatsiooniministeeriumi asekantsleri Signe Ratso sõnul ei too Eesti liitumine Euroopa Liiduga mingeid ootamatusi, Eesti ja EL muutuvad üheks majandusruumiks koos sellest tulenevate tagajärgedega. Tabel: Import kolmandatest riikidest 2003. a. 11 kuu jooksul

  12. 77 FR 42465 - Special Local Regulations, Cruce a Nado Internacional, Ponce Harbor; Ponce, PR

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-19

    ... effect on the human environment. This proposed rule involves special local regulations issued in.... Dated: June 7, 2012. D.W. Pearson, Captain, U.S. Coast Guard, Captain of the Port San Juan. [FR Doc...

  13. Industry brief letter; Kasupikaioki sekiyu koku kaihatsu sekiyu shigen kaihatsu nado sannyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-02-01

    4 companies of Petroleum Resources Development, Indonesia Petroleum, Teikoku Petroleum an Itochu Petroleum Development will sign petroleum exploration and development contract in petroleum mining property offshore of Caspian Sea with Azerbaijan National Petroleum Company, Sokar Company. In another mining property, Mitsui group reached conclusion with Sokar Company in mining right. Resource development competition between existing international petroleum majors and Japanese petroleum companies around Caspian Sea may be further intensified. (translated by NEDO)

  14. Fjodor Berman : "Nado umet terjat dengi" / Fjodor Berman ; interv. Liana Turpakova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Berman, Fjodor, 1951-

    2006-01-01

    BLRT Grupp ühendab 61 firmat kuues riigis, aktsionärid on aastate jooksul kogu teenitud raha suunanud kontserni arengusse. BLRT Grupi arengust, probleemidest kvalifitseeritud tööjõuga, majandus- ja kommunikatsiooniministeeriumi suhtumisest. Juhatuse esimehe Fjodor Bermani karjäärist Eestis, puhkusest ja vaba aja veetmisest, perekonnast

  15. Samozvantsev nam ne nado, komandirom budu ja / Maksim Shmeljov, Aleksandr Tshaplõgin, Leivi Sher

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Shmeljov, Maksim

    2007-01-01

    Kas Konstitutsioonipartei nimekirjas parlamendivalimistel kandideeriv Dmitri Linter ja tema kaaslased võivad kasutada liikumise Notshnoi dozor brändi ND omakasupüüdlikel eesmärkidel, küsivad autorid

  16. Fiscal 2000 survey report. Survey of long-term energy technology strategy and the like (Survey of natural gas technology trend); 2000 nendo choki energy gijutsu senryaku nadoni kansuru chosa hokokusho. Choki energy gijutsu senryaku chosa (tennen gas gijutsu doko chosa)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    In search of new technical tasks involving the supply, transportation, and utilization of natural gas, a survey is conducted of the trend of natural gas supply and demand, trend of development of related technologies, and their impact on the market. After natural gas matters are outlined and definition and classification are established, investigations are conducted into natural gas production and the trend of new natural gas consuming countries supposedly to affect the natural gas supply and demand situation. Taken up as relevant technologies are cogeneration, natural gas powered automobiles, fuel cells, GTL (gas to liquid) technology, and micro gas turbines. These technologies are examined from the viewpoints of environmentally-friendliness and energy conservation feature, and then tasks to discharge are proposed in the fields of technology development, operation, and fuel. For natural gas powered automobiles, vehicular performance improvement and the conformability and standardization of high-pressure parts and components are taken up in the field of technology development, and the introduction and augmentation of quick fillers for natural gas and increase in the number of natural gas supply stations are taken up in the field of operation. Concerning fuel cells, in the field of fuels to be fed to the same, technologies of hydrogen storage and of refining and reforming of oil based fuels are taken up. (NEDO)

  17. Fiscal 1995 survey report. Study of new energy vision formulation for Kawasaki City, Kanagawa Prefecture; 1995 nendo Kawasaki shi shin energy vision sakutei kentou chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    A survey was conducted of the current status of energy supply/demand, future problems, goals of the energy policy, basic plan, and so forth, for the formulation of a new energy vision for the city. Concerning energy supply/demand, studies were made of each sector, area, and energy source. In the study of energy demand, it was discovered that, although the industrial sector in the coastal region remained important, the residential/commercial sector was gathering weight and that the city was serving as an energy supply base for the neighboring areas. In the study of new energy, it was found that the available amount of solar energy resources was enormous, that the Tama river fresh water and the Keihin canal seawater constituted a promising source of temperature difference energy, and that sewage energy, transformation station exhaust heat, LNG (liquefied natural gas) cold heat, and so forth, were also available as energy sources. Taken up for discussion as possible new energy introduction models were gas engine cogeneration, photovoltaic power generation, district heat supply utilizing temperature difference energy, and so forth. (NEDO)

  18. Regional new energy vision formulation survey for Makurazaki City. Fiscal 2001 report; 2001 nendo Makurazaki shi chiiki shin energy vision sakutei tou chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For promoting the introduction of new energy and for elevating people's consciousness of such in Makurazaki City, Kagoshima Prefecture, surveys and studies were conducted concerning the energy demand of the city, the amount of new energy resources in existence, and new energy introduction plans, and then a vision was formulated. The city's energy demand in fiscal 1999 is estimated at approximately 3,206 TJ, with the industrial sector demanding 1,820 TJ, the residential and commercial sector demanding 701 TJ, and the transportation sector demanding 684 TJ. Energy consuming industries in this prefecture are fisheries industry and food industry. Pilot projects for new energy introduction were discussed, which included the introduction of photovoltaic power into the city hall, primary and junior high schools, a school meal providing center, and a city-managed hospital; installation of hybrid power-lighted light at the city hall, along the Kedo river, and in the Hinokami park; introduction of a solar heat utilization system into a nursing home for elderly people; introduction of wind power into education facilities; conversion of waste of cooking oil into diesel fuel; introduction of clean energy vehicles into public service; and new energy projects to be contracted to the private sector. (NEDO)

  19. Survey report on establishing a new energy and energy saving vision in Fukui Prefecture; Fukuiken shin energy sho energy vision sakutei chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Surveys and discussions were given on establishing a new energy and energy saving vision in Fukui Prefecture. The energy consumption in Fukui Prefecture for fiscal 1996 was 25242 x 1 billion kcal, being 0.7% of the nation's total consumption. The per capita energy consumption is about a little greater than the national average. The energy consumption structure is characterized by large consumption in the transportation department, especially in automotive consumption. Carbon dioxide discharge is as little as being ranked 13th among all the prefectures in Japan. The availability and usable quantity of new energies in Fukui Prefecture is estimated as 1659939 x 10{sup 3} kWh/year as electric power, 9436 x 10{sup 6} kcal/year as gas, and 3536720 x 10{sup 6} kcal/year as heat. Energies could be saved most greatly by enhancing automotive fuel consumption rate, followed by effects of energy saving activities based on spontaneous action plans established by the industrial departments. New energies selected to be worked on importantly include: solar energy power generation, wind power generation, clean energy fueled automobiles, wastes energy, co-generation and solar heat. (NEDO)

  20. Report on the project on working out the new energy vision of Hisai City; 2001 nendo Hisai shi chiiki shin energy vision sakutei tou jigyo hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-03-01

    For the purpose of promoting the introduction of new energy and enhancing the awareness of it in Hisai City, Mie Prefecture, an investigational study was conducted of the energy demand structure, existence amount of new energy and project for new energy introduction, and a vision was worked out. The energy consumption amount of the city was 21,500 lorries in the industrial sector, 11,200 lorries in the transportation sector, 2,700 lorries in the business sector and 2,400 lorries in the residential sector in terms of tank-lorry loaded oil. As features, the following were cited: growth in the transportation sector, mostly in automobiles, was great; growth in the electric power consumption in the residential sector was great. As the project for new energy introduction, the following were supposed and studied in terms of the economical efficiency and environmental acceptability: introduction of cogeneration to hospital; introduction of ligneous biomass power generation to hospital; substitution of wood burning boiler for A heavy oil boiler for hot water supply use; introduction of photovoltaic power generation for home use and business use; introduction of solar heat use hot water supply device. (NEDO)

  1. Report on the survey for working out the new energy vision of the Urugi village area; 2001 nendo Urugi mura chiiki shin energy vision sakutei chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-03-01

    For the purpose of promoting the introduction of new energy and enhancing the awareness of it at Urugi Village, Nagano Prefecture, an investigational study was conducted of characteristics of the natural environment/characteristics of social economy of the village, existence amount of new energy, project for new energy introduction, etc., and a vision was worked out. Urugi Village is 800 meters above sea level and in the riches of the Nature being surrounded by mountains on all sides. The population of the village was 734 as of March 1993, which is decreasing by 14-15/y. The aging rate was very high, 32.3%. As the project for new energy introduction, the following were studied: 10kW class photovoltaic power generation facilities to be installed at Furusato-kan and by the road of Hiraya Pass, 2.5kW class wind power generation facilities to be installed at Hiraya Pass for education of new energy, installation of a 10kW class mini hydroelectric power plant supplying power to the auto-camping site, stockbreeding biomass cogeneration which conducts fermentation of the methane from animal feces and garbage generated in Urugi Village, ligneous biomass cogeneration, etc. (NEDO)

  2. Report on investigation new energy vision establishment in Zao Town area in fiscal 2000; 2000 nendo Zaocho chiiki shin energy vision sakutei chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    A new energy vision was established in the Zao Town area in Miyagi Prefecture. The population of Zao Town is 14,240 persons as of 2000, continuing the slow decreasing trend since 1986. The energy consumption is accounted for by the industrial department at about 50% of the total consumption, followed by the transportation department at about 30%, and the consumer department at about 20%. Discussions on the new energy utilization possibility revealed 30,905 MWh annually by photovoltaic power generation, and 34,630Gcal annually by solar heat utilization. Discussions were also given on power wind generation, small to medium hydropower generation, utilization of hot spring heat, and others. The new energy introducing project includes introduction of photovoltaic power generation into such public facilities as the public hall and athletic park, private sector operated houses and business facilities, introduction of wind power generation into the surrounding areas of the Zao Heart Land and skiing areas, snow melting utilizing hot spring heat, conversion of the automobiles used in the official organizations into clean energy fueled automobiles, installation of bio-mass plants, illumination of parks and streets utilizing photovoltaic and wind power generation systems, and micro hydropower generation in small to medium size rivers. (NEDO)

  3. Initial-stage research report on business of drawing up regional new energy vision for Shibecha Town; Shibechacho shin energy vision sakutei jigyo chosa shoki dankai chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    The vision includes (1) the buildup of foundations for comfortable living circumstances by utilizing new energy, (2) the development of local industries that befriend themselves with nature by utilizing new energy, and (3) the practice of education and training on environment through the intermediary of new energy. Concerning item (1), in the construction of public facilities, residential houses, and roads, all of which constitute the foundations of daily life, plans will be promoted to use energy produced by the utilization of natural energy resources such as solar rays, solar heat, and wind force, and other energy produced by utilizing heat from refuse incineration and heat latent in the sewage, for the establishment of comfortable living conditions with CO2 emissions reduced. Concerning item (2), studies will be made to install biogas-utilizing plants for excrement treatment and recycling in dairy and animal husbandry; and wind power generation and small-scale hydroelectric power generation will be introduced for supplying power in connection with the effort to complete programs for constructing resort country sites and public meadows. Concerning item (3), for the development of the eco-museum concept, new energy facilities utilizing solar rays, solar heat, wind force, etc., will be introduced into school buildings. (NEDO)

  4. Regional new energy vision for Kakegawa City. Formulation survey report; 2001 nendo Kakegawa shi chiiki shin energy vision sakutei chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For promoting the introduction of new energy and for enhancing people's consciousness of such at Kakegawa City, Shizuoka Prefecture, surveys and studies were conducted involving the energy demand of the city, the amount of new energy resources in existence, and new energy introduction projects, and a vision was formulated. The city consumes approximately 11,638 GJ/year, with the industrial sector consuming 4,896 GJ, the residential/commercial sector 3,608 GJ, and the transportation sector 3,134 GJ. Energy types are electric power, gas oil, heavy oil, gasoline, kerosene, LPG, and town gas, as listed in the descending order in terms of consumption rate. The amount of carbon dioxide resulting from the consumption is estimated at 673,214 t-CO2. Projects for new energy introduction were studied, which involved photovoltaic power generation for the general-purpose gymnasium, kindergartens, the school meal center, and meeting places; introduction of solar heat utilization systems into public facilities; financial support system for the purchase of solar heat utilization apparatuses; refuse-fueled power generation and heat utilization at a new cleaning center; utilization of biogas from garbage and stock raising waste; utilization of woody resources; clean-energy vehicles; and so on. (NEDO)

  5. Regional new energy vision formulation project for Ukiha Town. Fiscal 2001 report; 2001 nendo Ukiha machi chiiki shin energy vision sakutei tou jigyo hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For promoting the introduction of new energy and for enhancing people's consciousness of such in Ukiha Town, Fukuoka Prefecture, surveys and studies were conducted involving the amount of energy needed by the town, the amount of new energy resources in existence, and new energy introduction projects, and a vision was formulated. The energy consumption of the town is estimated at 158,886 drums/year in terms of crude oil - 56.2% in electric power, 19.5% in gasoline, 10.5% in gas oil, 6.9% in kerosene, 4.2% in fuel oil A, and so forth. Projects for introducing new energies were studied, which included the introduction of photovoltaic power systems into public facilities, gymnastic halls, and comprehensive welfare centers; introduction of a large wind power system (1,500 kW) in the vicinity of the Michinoeki roadside service spot; installation of a power plant fueled by woody biomass (scrap wood, saw dust, and the like); introduction of clean energy vehicles for official use; installation of photovoltaic/wind hybrid power-lighted street lamps in the shopping area; installation of light traps for agriculture burned by photovoltaic power; and financial aids for encouraging the installation of photovoltaic power generation systems in general residences. (NEDO)

  6. Regional new energy vision formulation for Kadogawa Town, Miyazaki Prefecture. Report; 2001 nendo Miyagi ken Kadokawa cho chiiki shin energy vision sakutei tou jigyo hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For promoting the introduction of new energy and for elevating people's consciousness of such in Kadogawa Town, Miyazaki Prefecture, surveys and studies were conducted concerning the energy demand in the town, the amount of new energy resources in existence, and new energy introduction plans, and then a vision was formulated. The town's energy demand is estimated to be 1,197.4-million MJ/year, which includes 44.1% for the transportation sector, 22.9 for the residential sector, 22.7% for the industrial sector, and 10.3% for the people's livelihood-related business sector. The energy demand is covered 62.7% by oil-based fuels, 22.7% by electric power, and 13.4% by LP gas. Projects discussed for new energy introduction included the introduction of photovoltaic power into the town office, primary schools, and a comprehensive workers' welfare center; introduction of a solar hot water supply system and hybrid power-lighted street light into a seaside park; introduction wind power into Motoyama Park; mini-scale hydroelectric power on the Isuzu river; introduction of clean energy vehicles into the town office; power generation fueled by methane gas from livestock excrement; and introduction of natural gas fueled cogeneration into a resort house. (NEDO)

  7. Regional new energy vision formulation survey for Ochi Town. Report; 2001 nendo Ouchi cho chiiki shin energy vision sakutei chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For promoting the introduction of new energy and for elevating people's consciousness of such in Ochi Town, Saga Prefecture, surveys and studies were conducted involving the amount of energy needed by the town, the amount of new energy resources in existence, and new energy introduction programs, and a vision was formulated. The demand for energy of the town is estimated at 613,575 times 10{sup 9} J, with the industrial sector responsible for 47.7%, the transportation sector for 26.6%, and the residential and commercial sector for 25.7%. Electric power, heavy oil, gas oil, gasoline, and kerosene are demanded, named in the descending order in terms of magnitude of demand. Key projects were discussed for new energy introduction, which included the introduction of photovoltaic power into a culture exchange center; nighttime illumination of Mikaeri Waterfall by micro-scale hydroelectric power; installation of a water purification system for the Ikisa Dam using photovoltaic power and micro-scale hydroelectric power; introduction of photovoltaic power into a comprehensive sports park and the Ochi Junior High School; and large-scale agricultural production and processing plant operation using photovoltaic power. (NEDO)

  8. Fiscal 2000 regional new energy vision formulation. Financially aided project (Report on new energy vision formulation for Nakijin village); 2000 nendo Nakijinson shin energy vision sakutei hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    Nakijin village, Okinawa Prefecture, had a population of 9,500 in 1995 and consumed 1.36 times 10{sup 5} Gcal of energy in fiscal 1998. In its regional new energy vision formulation project, the village has made a decision that it study the introduction of wind power and the like to settle problems relating to energy, environments, and population. In the vision, natural energy utilization and environment preservation are chosen as the targets. The results of related activities are summarized in eight chapters, which are (1) outline of the survey, (2) outline of Nakijin village, (3) new energy in the village, (4) survey of people's awareness, (5) policy toward new energy introduction, (6) projects of new energy introduction, (7) study of models of key projects, and (8) measures for vision enhancement. Established as key projects are the use of clean energy in the village sports park, new energy popularization drive with the integrated junior high school at the center, and efforts to activate local industries and invigorate tourist business. It is planned that a 600 kW class wind turbine be installed in the sports park. (NEDO)

  9. Report on the project for working out the new energy vision of the Iwasaki village area; 2001 nendo Iwasaki mura chiiki shin energy vision sakutei tou jigyo hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For the purpose of promoting the introduction of new energy and enhancing the awareness of it at Iwasaki Village, Aomori Prefecture, an investigational study was conducted of the energy demand of the town, existence amount of new energy, introduction of new energy, etc., and a new energy vision was worked out. The population of Iwasaki Village was 2,845 as of October 2000, which decreased approximately 30% in the past 20 years. The energy demand of the whole village was about 280,000 GJ in amount (about 7,202 kL/y in crude oil conversion), consisting of kerosene, light oil, heavy oil, gasoline, electric power and LPG. As viewed by sector, the rate of energy demand in the commercial/residential sector was comparatively high. As the project for new energy introduction, the following were studied: wind power generation around the Yamamori plain/Iwasaki village office; snow melting system using soil heat exchanger on the road in front of elementary school, photovoltaic power generation for public facilities (elementary and junior high schools/house of recreation and relaxation for old people/day nursery)/Tsugaru Semi-national Park/general houses; wave power generation at the Iwasaki fishing port; introduction of clean energy vehicles to public facilities; utilization of ligneous biomass energy, etc. (NEDO)

  10. Regional new energy vision formulation project for Takarabe Town. Report; 2001 nendo Takarabe cho chiiki shin energy vision sakutei tou jigyo hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For promoting the introduction of new energy and for elevating people's consciousness of such in Takarabe Town, Kagoshima Prefecture, surveys and studies were conducted concerning the energy consumption profile of the town, the amount of new energy resources in existence, and new energy introduction plans, and then a vision was formulated. The town's energy consumption is estimated at 879.350-million MJ/year, with the transportation sector responsible for 46.6%, the industrial sector for 23.0%, the residential sector for 18.7%, and the people's livelihood-related business sector for 11.7%. Oil-based fuels occupy 70.4%, electric power 18.9%, and LP gas 8.4%. New energy introduction projects were studied, which included the introduction of photovoltaic power into the town office; photovoltaic power and hybrid power-lighted light for an oasis-on-the-road project and school facilities; introduction of cogeneration, wind power, and photovoltaic power into a hot spa health center and a water-friendly park; small-scale hydropower in the Okawara valley; wind power generation on Mount Shiraga and Jingaoka; introduction of clean energy vehicles for official use; and compost manufacturing and power generation using livestock waste. (NEDO)

  11. New energy vision of the Tono City area; 2001 nendo Tonoshi shin energy vision. Chiiki shin energy vision sakutei tou jigyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    As a leading plan to reconsider the resource consumption in large quantities and to change the society to a circulation type, a new energy vision of the Tono City area was worked out in Tono City, Iwate Prefecture. In this vision, FY 2002 was set as the first fiscal year, and FY 2010 as the target year. From the comprehensive judgement based on the objective availability, technical evaluation, civic needs, etc., biomass energy, wind energy, solar energy, etc. were made the main energy in new energy introduction. As model projects, studied were the introduction of solar energy utilization facilities to Kamigo Elementary School, introduction of the photovoltaic power generation to Aozasa Nursery School and disaster prevention base facilities, project on the wind power generation using large wind turbines, biomass alcohol plant, wood pellet production, etc. The target amount of new energy introduction was 2,640 kW in photovoltaic power generation, 19,000 kW in wind power generation, etc. The CO2 reduction amount including that in heat utilization, clean energy car, etc. was 41,374 t-CO2/y. (NEDO)

  12. Regional new energy vision formulation project for Kanai Town. Fiscal 2001 report; 2001 nendo Kanai machi chiiki shin energy vision sakutei tou jigyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-03-01

    For promoting the introduction of new energy and for enhancing people's consciousness of such at Kanai Town, Niigata Prefecture, surveys and studies were conducted involving energy demand of the town, the amount of new energy resources in existence, and new energy introduction projects, and a vision was formulated. The town demands 541,062 GJ/year in energy, with the residential/commercial sector requiring approximately 46%, the industrial sector approximately 30%, and the transportation sector approximately 25%. The energy types are kerosene, heavy oils, gas oil, electric power, gasoline, and LPG, mentioned in the descending order in terms of magnitude of requirement. The resultant amount of carbon dioxide is estimated at 11,449 t-C. New energy introduction projects were discussed, which included photovoltaic power generation for primary and junior high schools, the town office, and the Dorin stock farm; a solar heat utilization system for the school meal center; wind power generation for Hometown Kimpoku, primary schools, and the Dorin stock farm; mini-scale hydroelectric power generation on the Shimpo river; use of forestry biomass (pellet stoves) at nursery schools; introduction of clean-energy automobiles for public use; and the introduction of cogeneration into Sado Hospital. (NEDO)

  13. Report on results of the survey for drawing new energy visions for the Town of Shiranuka district; Shiranukamachi chiiki shin energy vision sakutei chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    The new energy visions are drawn for Town of Shiranuka. Utilization of solar energy is at the top of the prospective new energy reserves for the town, followed by utilization of heat of wastes, biomass energy (in the stock raising industry), and photovoltaic power generation. The expected recoverable new energies account for approximately 35% of the total annual energy consumption of the town. The basic guidelines for introduction of new energies are drawing the priority projects which place importance on environmental education and bringing up talented persons, development of the soft policies for supporting the citizens and related entrepreneurs, and introduction of new energies for promoting new industries. The priority projects include hard ones, e.g., foundation of Eco-school Shiranuka, Eco-park Kushiro/Shiranuka (biomass energy supply center) and Koima new energy park, and soft ones, e.g., establishment of the new energy grand prize awarded by PR brochure ''Shiranuka'', foundation of the Shiranuka fund for introduction of new energies, construction of a Shiranuka Citizens' power station, and rent-a-car project for eco-car test runs. (NEDO)

  14. Report for fiscal 1998 on a new energy vision establishment in Yonaguni Township; 1998 nendo Yonagunimachi shin energy vision sakutei hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Discussions were given and establishment was made on the new energy vision at Yonaguni Township in Okinawa Prefecture. The overall image of the new energy introduction vision at Yonaguni Township may be depicted by the wind power generation project to be implemented by the Development Public Corporation, by which megawatt-class wind power generation facilities will be built for effective utilization of the power by the whole island. Surplus electric power generated in a great amount in a certain season will be utilized for high value addition by electrifying agricultural works, expansion in production, (water pumping-up for irrigation, prawn cultivation, and sugar making factories), and melting and volume reducing of refuses. In addition, new type batteries for power storage with large capacity will be introduced to achieve stable power supply and introduce electric vehicles for official use and tourism business. Solar cells and small wind mills subject to stand-alone utilization will be arranged along sightseeing roads in the island, on tourism facilities and sightseeing infrastructural facilities. Careful considerations will be given on introduction and arrangement of the new energies for harmony with scenery of the island. Transmission wires related to the new energy utilization will be laid underground. (NEDO)

  15. Regional new energy vision formulated for Murakami City; 2001 nendo Murakami shi chiiki shin energy vision sakutei tou jigyo. Murakami shi shin energy puran

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-03-01

    For promoting the introduction of new energy and for enhancing people's consciousness of such at Murakami City, Niigata Prefecture, surveys and studies were conducted involving energy consumption in the town, the amount of new energy resources in existence, and new energy introduction projects, and a vision was formulated. The annual energy consumption of the city is estimated at 78,000 kL in terms of oil. The residential/commercial sector consumes 24,000 kL, the industrial sector 28,000 kL, and the transportation sector 26,000 kL, with the three sectors demanding similar amounts. The carbon dioxide emitted by the sectors is estimated at 223,000 t-CO2/year. New energy introduction projects were discussed, which included hot water supply, heating, road heating, and power generation, all these utilizing heat from the Senami hot spa; biogas fueled power generation and BDF (bio-diesel) bus operation in the Senami hot spa district; the introduction of a hybrid wind power/photovoltaic power generation system into Ogata Seaside Park; the introduction of a mini-scale hydroelectric power generation system into the Kamikaifu district; a large-scale wind power generation business at the Iwafune district; the introduction of wind power and photovoltaic power generation facilities into primary and junior high schools; the use of clean energy vehicles for official use; and so forth. (NEDO)

  16. Report on results of the survey for drawing new energy visions for the Town of Hamanaka district; Hamanakacho chiiki shin energy vision sakutei chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    The new energy visions are drawn for Town of Hamanaka, Hokkaido. The town had a population of 7,866 in 1995, which compares with 11,915 in 1960, aging as a whole with reduced number of new born babies. The town has been holding the Japan's top town in tangleweed production and core site in the Kushi-Ne dairy belt. Biomass energy (excreta and woody resources) is at the top of the prospective new energy reserves for the town, which total 88,741Gcal/y, followed by utilization of solar energy and heat exhausted from garbage incineration. The priority projects selected for introduction of new energies include a biogas plant which produces organic compost and biogas energy by anaerobic fermentation of excreta discharged from domestic animals, raw garbage and fishery wastes; system for utilizing waste heat from a stoker type incinerator burning domestic garbage, which satisfies the dioxin emission standard; and system for utilizing low-temperature heat including energy of snow and ice, which uses only a limited extent of the conventional energy and free of chlorofluorocarbon gases. (NEDO)

  17. Report on investigation of new energy vision planning at Tomi Village; 2001 nendo Tomi son chiiki shin energy vision sakutei chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    With an objective of accelerating introduction of and uplifting consciousness on new energies at Tomi Village in Okayama Prefecture, investigations and discussions were given on the energy demand, quantity of new energies available, and the new energy introduction projects for the town, thus a new energy vision was established. The amount of energy demand in Tomi Village is 64,261 GJ/year in fiscal 1999. By departments, the transportation department accounts for 45.2%, the consumer department for 28.3% and the industrial department for 26.5%. Energy types are accounted for by petroleum at 87.5%, and electric power at 12.5%. The new energy introduction projects have discussed introduction of photovoltaic power generation system and solar heat hot water making system into nursery schools, primary and middle schools, the public hall, the Tomi Communication Center, the village office, and clinics, small size wind power generation system into primary and middle schools, ligneous bio-mass combustion system and middle size wind power generation system into the camping site, low-drop electric power generation system into Shiraga Valley, street lights powered by photovoltaic and small power wind generation systems, and clean energy fueled automobiles for public use. (NEDO)

  18. Regional new energy vision for Soryo Town, Hiroshima Prefecture; 2001 nendo Soryo cho chiiki shin energy vision. Chiiki shin energy vision sakutei tou jigyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    A regional new energy vision was formulated for the town for 'contributing to the solution of environmental problems' and 'contributing to the reenergization of the regional community through utilizing resources in the region.' The final energy consumption of the town is 103,315 times 10{sup 3} MJ, with the transportation sector accounting for a percentage higher than the nation-wide average. The town is characterized in that it has but a small number of manufacturers, offices, or stores. As for new energy, it was estimated that 9117 times 10{sup 3} MJ/year would be gained by methanol produced from cultured weed, 5696 times 10{sup 3} MJ/year by medium/small-scale hydropower generation, 5,233 times 10{sup 3} MJ/year by photovoltaic power generation, and so forth. New energy introduction projects were discussed, which included medium/small-scale hydropower generation at a counter dam; the introduction of photovoltaic power into principal public facilities, general households, and agricultural facilities; introduction of solar heat appliances into principal public facilities and general households; introduction of clean energy automobiles into the town office and general households; and the introduction of pellet-fired stoves into principal public facilities and general households. (NEDO)

  19. Regional new energy vision formulation project for Yobuko Town. Fiscal 2001 report; 2001 nendo Yobuko cho chiiki shin energy vision sakutei jigyo hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For promoting the introduction of new energy and for elevating people's consciousness of such at Yobuko Town, Saga Prefecture, surveys and studies were conducted involving the amount of energy needed by the town, the amount of new energy resources in existence, and new energy introduction programs, and a vision was formulated. The demand for energy of the town is estimated at 105,040 drums/year in terms of crude oil - 37% in electric power, 34% in fuel oil A, 13% in gas oil, and 8.1% in gasoline. As for the presence of new energy resources, it is deemed that wind and solar energies will be richly available. Studies were conducted for new energy introduction programs, which included the introduction of photovoltaic power into a nursing home for aged people, primary and junior high schools, and a water reservoir; street lamps lighted by a hybrid power system and a solar cell clock for the plaza in front of the harbor; introduction of wind power into the little islands of Ogawa and Kabe; installation of a solar energy collector for the nursing home for aged people; and the use of clean energy vehicles for official business. It is estimated that the efforts will bring about a 1,256.6 t-C reduction in carbon dioxide emissions. (NEDO)

  20. Regional new energy vision formulation project for Ukiha Town. Fiscal 2001 report (Summary); 2001 nendo Ukiha machi chiiki shin energy vision sakutei tou jigyo hokokusho (Gaiyo ban)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For contributing to the preservation of the global environment through new energy application and energy conservation, efforts were made to work out a new energy vision for Ukiha Town, Fukuoka Prefecture. Town's population was 17,482 in fiscal 2000, which showed a tendency to decline slowly. The town demands 158,886 drums/year in terms of crude oil - 56.2% in electric power, 19.5% in gasoline, and 10.5% in gas oil. As for the presence of new energy resources, wind power comes in first in terms of magnitude, and woody biomass energy is also found in abundance since lumbering prospers in the town. Named as candidate projects in the efforts to introduce new energies were the embodiment of practical size wind power systems in the hilly part; heat utilization and power generation using biomass such as scrap wood from lumber mills; introduction of photovoltaic power into public facilities; use of clean energy vehicles by the town office; photovoltaic power generation and solar heat utilization at welfare facilities and public gymnastic halls; street lamps lighted by hybrid power systems in the shopping area and at the Michinoeki roadside service spot; use of new energies in agriculture; financial aids to encourage photovoltaic power into general residences; etc. (NEDO)

  1. Report on the survey for working out the new energy vision of the Yamagata city area; 2001 nendo Yamagata machi chiiki shin energy vision sakutei chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-03-01

    For the purpose of promoting the introduction of new energy and enhancing the awareness of it in Yamagata City, Ibaraki Prefecture, an investigational study was conducted of the energy consumption amount of the city, existence amount of new energy and project for new energy introduction, and a vision was worked out. The energy consumption of the city in FY 1999 was 178.8 billion kcal in amount and was broken down into 76.5% of petroleum, 18.8% of electric power and 0.85% of LPG. As viewed by sector, the energy consumption consisted of 37.9% in the transportation sector, 35.2% in the industrial sector and 26.8% in the commercial/residential sector. As the project for new energy introduction, the following were studied: biomass cogeneration/greenhouse using waste heat from hot spring/photovoltaic power generation/wind power - photovoltaic power hybrid street light/biomass vehicle in the Santanoyu/Eco-Zone formation project; introduction of photovoltaic power generation/solar heat utilization to gymnasium of junior high school/multi-purpose cultural center/municipal dwelling house/elementary school/junior high school/central public hall in the new energy project for public facilities; introduction of clean energy vehicle, etc. (NEDO)

  2. Report on the survey for working out the new energy vision of the Shiga village area; 2001 nendo Shiga mura chiiki shin energy vision sakutei chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-03-01

    For the purpose of promoting the introduction of new energy and enhancing the awareness of it at Shiga Village, Nagano Prefecture, an investigational study was conducted of the energy demand in the village, existence amount of new energy, project for new energy introduction, etc., and a vision was worked out. The energy consumption amount in FY 2000 in Shiga Village was approximately 50.2 billion kcal and was broken down into 54.7% of petroleum, 38.3% of electric power, 6.3% of LPG and 0.75% of others. As the project for new energy introduction, the following were studied: installation of photovoltaic power generation panels to the new office under construction, introduction of photovoltaic power/wind power hybrid power generation to Klein Garten Club House, installation of the solar system to hot spring facilities in the village, project on low-temperature wood drying by smoking using sawdust/wood chips, methanol production using thinnings as raw materials and the use for automobile fuel/cogeneration, methane fermentation from animal feces/house garbage and the use for cogeneration, etc. (NEDO)

  3. FY 2001 report on the project on working out the new energy vision of Takasu Village; 2001 nendo Takasu mura shin energy vision sakutei tou jigyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-03-01

    For the purpose of promoting the introduction of new energy and enhancing the awareness of it in Takasu Village, Gifu Prefecture, an investigational study was conducted of the energy consumption amount, existence amount of new energy and project for new energy introduction, and a vision was worked out. The energy consumption amount of the village was 632,805.8 GJ/y. The rate of energy source was 23.2% of electric power, 22.2% of heavy oil, 21.2% of light oil, 20.8% of kerosene, 11.1% of gasoline and 1.6% of LPG. As viewed by sector, the energy consumption amount consisted of 42.1% in the transportation sector, 25.3% in the business sector, 20.2 in the industrial sector and 12.4% in the residential sector. As the project for new energy introduction, the following were studied: introduction of photovoltaic power generation to village center; introduction of photovoltaic /micro wind hybrid power generation to street light/burglar light/disaster-prevention use emergency power source at tourist resort 'Hirugano Heights'; introduction of biogas power generation by methane fermentation using animal feces, garbage, etc. as raw materials; utilization of ice/snow energy for storage of bulbs of flower/ornamental plant and as supply of cold wind to milk cow. (NEDO)

  4. Survey of regional new energy vision formulation for Shimizu town. Report on initial stage survey; Shimizucho chiiki shin energy vision sakutei chosa. Shoki dankai chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    Shimizu town, Hokkaido, is a 11,000-strong town, located in the northwestern part of the Tokachi plains and consuming 1.7 times 10{sup 4} Gcal in energy. Discussion is held for new energy which will make the most of the local characteristics of the town while the basics of town building are considered and confirmed. The results of the survey are summarized in four chapters which are (1) the purpose of regional energy vision formulation, (2) local characteristics, (3) state of new energy in existence, (4) and the course to follow for the introduction of new energy (draft). Chapter (4) is constituted of the purpose of new energy introduction and the basic policy, and the course along which new energy will be adopted. Proposed in relation with the course of new energy introduction are the effective utilization of biomass resources, utilization of cold heat energy (ice) involving agriculture, introduction of a symbolic small scale water energy system, introduction of a symbolic wind energy system, extensive introduction of solar energy, and the deployment of popularizing and enlightening activities. A project is mentioned of experimentally introducing biogas facilities that makes use of farm animals' excretion. (NEDO)

  5. Fiscal 2000 basic survey report for vision formulation. Regional new energy vision for Sabae city, Fukui prefecture; Sabaeshi chiiki shin energy vision. 2000 nendo sakutei kiso chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Sabae city, Fukui Prefecture, has worked out a regional new energy vision for which the inhabitants, industrialists, and administrators combined their efforts to build a daily life related culture, friendly to environments and peculiar to the locality. The fruits of their activities are summarized in five chapters, which are (1) the basic philosophy, (2) survey of the amounts of new energy in existence, (3) survey of the amount of energy demanded, (4) various surveys conducted with the participation of the citizenry, (5) and summarization of important topics. Discussed in chapter (2) is the basic policy toward reckoning the amounts of new energy in existence, such as photovoltaic energy, solar heat energy, wind energy, hydraulic energy, temperature difference energy, and other energy resources remaining to be utilized. It states that they, when converted into electric power, 2.0 times 10{sup 8} kWh/year will be available and, when converted into heat energy, 2.92 times 10{sup 11} kcal/year will be available, accounting for approximately 30% of the city's energy consumption. When the energy resources are broken down by type, it is found that solar energy, wind energy, and refuse-derived energy are in existence aplenty. (NEDO)

  6. Report on the project of drawing energy-saving visions for the Town of Sayo district; Sayomachi chiiki sho energy vision sakutei jigyo hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    The survey/study is conducted to draw the district energy visions for Town of Sayo, Hyogo Pref. The town as a whole consumes energy at 1,269,040GJ/y, or 140,817MJ/y per capita, which is about 1.2 times larger than the nationwide average. By energy source, electric power accounts for 43%, and oil products 53%. The town as a whole emits carbon dioxide at 18,900,403kg-C/y, or 2,097kg-C/y per capita, which is lower than the nationwide average. The short-term (1 year or less), medium-term (3 year or less) and long-term (5 years or less) targets are drawn by employees of the town offices, citizens and entrepreneurs for energy-saving directions (saving of power for air conditioning by adjusting clothes, wider use of bicycles and public trains). Those facilities investigated for promoting energy saving include those for the town office buildings, solar energy system for producing hot water for town-operated swimming pool, and solar energy system and photovoltaic system for Harima Observatory Park. (NEDO)

  7. FY 2000 Project report on survey for drawing district energy-saving visions for City of Ginowan; 2000 nendo Ginowan-shi sho energy vision sakutei chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    The Ginowan municipal energy-saving vision drawing committee is established. It is responsible for drawing the energy-saving visions for the city, to study the basic guidelines and promotion measures for energy saving and promote the energy-saving measures suitable for the local characteristics. The studied items include background of and basic guidelines for the plans, analysis of energy consumption, survey on energy-saving consciousness and actual situations, prediction of potentially saved energy, drawing of the basic plans for energy saving and plan implementation programs, and surveys on preceding examples. The action plans include green planning for and revamping of public facilities, green purchasing, energy-saving diagnosis, drawing the design guidelines for energy saving and environmental considerations in public facilities, introduction of low-pollution local transportation systems, drawing the environment-related technology lists, including energy saving, and promotion of clean energy vehicles. (NEDO)

  8. Basic research report for drawing up regional new energy vision (provisional name) for Gunma Prefecture; Gunmaken chiiki shin energy vision (kasho) sakutei kiso chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    In view of relatively good solar radiation that the prefecture enjoys and of a result of the investigations of this time conducted into the amount of new energy in existence, it is concluded that a fairly large amount of solar energy is collectable as the regional new energy for Gunma Prefecture. As for wind power energy, since there is no proper location in the prefecture where the annual wind speed average of not less than 5m/s is available, the value generally accepted as necessary for wind power generation, it is inferred that conditions in the prefecture in general are disadvantageous when it comes to wind power generation. As for hydraulic energy of small and medium dimensions, a result of the investigations shows that in the prefecture this energy is next to solar energy in terms of the amount expected to be collectable. In this prefecture, the prefectural project bureau makes use of the rich water resources and generates electric power, and supplied approximately 850-million kWh in fiscal 1998. Since it is feared that it will be difficult to find new sites for power generation in the area now remaining to be developed, however, prudence should be exercised in estimating the expected collectable amount of hydraulic energy. (NEDO)

  9. Report on the project for working out the new energy vision of the Genkai town area; 2001 nendo Genkai machi chiiki shin energy vision sakutei tou jigyo hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For the purpose of promoting the introduction of new energy and enhancing the awareness of it in Genkai Town, Fukuoka Prefecture, an investigational study was conducted of the estimated amount of energy demand of the town, existence amount of new energy, project for new energy introduction, etc., and a vision was worked out. The energy consumption amount of the town in FY 1999 was estimated at 834 TJ/y. By sector, it consisted of 299.31 TJ in the industrial sector, 282.08 TJ in the transportation sector and 252.78 TJ in the commercial/residential sector. By energy source, the rate of light oil was the highest, followed in order by gasoline, electric power, kerosene, LPG, etc. As the project for new energy introduction, the following were studied: preparation of disaster-prevention type photovoltaic power generation at shelter, etc.; introduction of photovoltaic power generation to kindergarten, elementary school, etc.; introduction of photovoltaic power generation to street light, tourist information center, etc.; introduction of wind power generation to public facilities; use of the waste cooking oil made into diesel fuel for official vehicle; introduction of cogeneration to the health welfare hall; solar light/heat utilization system for residential/industrial use; wind power generation business for business establishment. (NEDO)

  10. Report on new energy vision planning operation at Yachiyo Town; 2001 nendo Yachiyo cho chiiki shin energy vision sakutei gyomu hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    With an object of accelerating introduction of and uplifting consciousness on new energies at Yachiyo Town in Hyogo Prefecture, investigations and discussions were given on the energy consumption of the town, quantity of new energies in existence, and the new energy introduction projects, thus a new energy vision was established. Yachiyo Town consumes energy annually at 99,966 Gcal. By departments, the transportation department accounts for 46%, the industrial department for 24%, the civil household department for 16%, and the civil business department for 14%. By energy types, petroleum accounts for 69%, and electric power for 31%. The new energy introduction projects that have been discussed include introduction of photovoltaic power generation into the town office, public halls, primary and middle schools, and photovoltaic and micro-wind power generation for street lights, photovoltaic and wind power generation in the Garten Yachiyo, a city and farm town culture exchange facility, micro-hydroelectric power generation in Noma River, bio-mass energy utilizing forest resources and fabric wastes, clean energy fueled automobiles as public use cars, school buses and welfare buses, and small wind power and large photovoltaic power generation at Mt. Noma. (NEDO)

  11. Report of survey for formulating regional new energy vision for Okuma Town; 2001 nendo Okuma machi chiiki shin energy vision sakutei chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-03-01

    For promoting the introduction of new energy and for enhancing people's consciousness of such at Okuma Town, Fukushima Prefecture, surveys and studies were conducted involving the amount of energy needed by the town, the amount of new energy resources in existence, and new energy introduction projects, and a vision was formulated. The town demands 29,769 times 10{sup 7} kcal/year in energy comprising 44.5% for the industrial sector, 31.4% for the transportation sector, and 24.1% for the residential/commercial sector. As for energy source types, 25.7% is covered by electric power, 20.0% by gasoline, 16.2% by gas oil, and 15.3% by heavy oil, with the oil based sources responsible for 71.2%. New energy introduction projects were discussed, which included the introduction of photovoltaic power generation for a newly built children's hall, residential complexes, town managed housing, street lights and road signs, and for some other public facilities; introduction of cogeneration into enterprises present in the eastern industrial park and into hotels; and the introduction of natural gas fueled cogeneration. Studies were also made about public information, public relations, and support systems for implementation in Okuma Town. (NEDO)

  12. FY 2000 survey on technical trends. Survey of technical trends on materials for heightening of performance for power generation facility use; 2000 nendo gijutsu doko nado chosa. Hatsuden shisetsuyo koseinoka zairyo ni kakawaru gijutsu doko nado chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    As to high performance/high function plastic materials used in power generation facilities, technical trends were surveyed on the recycle situation and recycle R and D to study the subjects to be solved. For wire covering materials, vinyl chloride, polyethylene, rubber, etc. are used, and the recycle of resin has not been advanced. Concerning the generation of waste plastic, the existence of a lot of plastics different in characteristics makes the recycle difficult. As to the use of waste plastic as resource, the material recycle and recovery of combustion energy are being made, but only a part of the plastic is reused as chemical raw materials. Relating to the R and D of the chemical recycle technology, there are sample studies on the pyrolysis of polyolefine, dechlorination of chlorine base resins, etc. Recently, the following have been made public: proposal of depolymerization monomer based on the cyclic monomer, study of liquefaction of approximately 100% of the thermosetting resin, approach to the solvolysis by supercritical solvent. (NEDO)

  13. FY 1999 report on the study of the future course, etc. of 'the basic survey for promotion of Joint Implementation, etc.'; 1999 nendo 'kyodo jisshi nado suishin kiso chosa' no kongo no hokosei nado ni kansuru kento chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    The paper conducted the demonstration of the multiplier effect of 'the model project for heightening of the international energy consumption efficiency, etc.' carried out by NEDO and its subsidiary project, 'the project on the basic survey for promotion of Joint Implementation (JI),' and the comparative study between these projects and the JI/CDM projects proposed in the world. In the quantitative evaluation of the multiplier effect, in the case of making the demonstration of the same technology in the same area both in the model project and the basic survey for promotion of JI, it becomes possible to grasp the CO2 reduction effect with high accuracy, but the CO2 reducible amount is small. Inversely, as to the technology for which the basic survey for promotion of JI is studied, but the model project is not carried out, it becomes possible to grasp the CO2 reduction effect with low accuracy, the CO2 reducible amount is large. In the comparison with the JI/CDM projects proposed in the world, the CO2 reduction amount was approximately $2.7 billion, 250 million tons, in the UNFCCC project, and approximately $5.0 billion, 500 million tons, in the IJ project. There was no very big difference in the cost effect. (NEDO)

  14. Report on the present situation of the FY 1998 technical literature database; 1998 nendo gijutsu bunken database nado genjo chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    To study database which contributes to the future scientific technology information distribution, survey/analysis were conducted of the present status of the service supply side. In the survey on the database trend, the trend of relations between DB producers and distributors was investigated. As a result, there were seen the increase in DB producers, expansion of internet/distribution/service, etc., and there were no changes in the U.S.-centered structure. Further, it was recognized that the DB service in the internet age now faces the time of change as seen in existing producers' response to internet, on-line service of primary information source, creation of new on-line service, etc. By the internet impact, the following are predicted for the future DB service: slump of producers without strong points and gateway type distributors, appearance of new types of DB service, etc. (NEDO)

  15. Efeitos antidepressivos da duloxetina e da fluoxetina no teste do nado forçado em ratos

    OpenAIRE

    Ciulla, Leandro; Menezes, Honório Sampaio; Bueno, Bárbara Beatriz Moreira; Schuh, Alexandre; Alves, Rafael José Vargas; Abegg, Milena Pacheco

    2007-01-01

    PURPOSE: To compare the effects of the antidepressant drugs duloxetine and fluoxetine on depressive behaviors in rodents. METHODS: Eighteen male Wistar rats were given systemic injections of duloxetine, fluoxetine, or saline prior to a Forced Swimming Test (FST). Immobility and number of stops were measured. RESULTS: Rats given injections of fluoxetine displayed significantly less immobility (p = 0.02) and fewer stops than the control group (p = 0.003). Duloxetine significanlty reduced the nu...

  16. Report on the present situation of the FY 1998 technical literature database; 1998 nendo gijutsu bunken database nado genjo chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    To study database which contributes to the future scientific technology information distribution, survey/analysis were conducted of the present status of the service supply side. In the survey on the database trend, the trend of relations between DB producers and distributors was investigated. As a result, there were seen the increase in DB producers, expansion of internet/distribution/service, etc., and there were no changes in the U.S.-centered structure. Further, it was recognized that the DB service in the internet age now faces the time of change as seen in existing producers' response to internet, on-line service of primary information source, creation of new on-line service, etc. By the internet impact, the following are predicted for the future DB service: slump of producers without strong points and gateway type distributors, appearance of new types of DB service, etc. (NEDO)

  17. 78 FR 28167 - Special Local Regulation, Cruce a Nado Internacional de la Bahia de Ponce Puerto Rico, Bahia de...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-14

    ... individually or cumulatively have a significant effect on the human environment. This proposed rule involves..., 2013. D.W. Pearson, Captain, U.S. Coast Guard, Captain of the Port San Juan. [FR Doc. 2013-11360 Filed...

  18. El proceso del parpadeo ocular como indicador de emoción en la prueba de nado forzado

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samuel Bautista Peña

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The relaxed posture of the eyelids keeps the eyes closed, the eyes open is part of the active behavior in living organisms, the activity gives rise to the blinking eye, that for the majority goes unnoticed. You can classify several types of eyeblink, blinking is a response that participates in the facial expression of the emotions. The muscle of the eyelid is essentially involved in emotional responses, as shown during the surprise, fear, or startle. We have studied the eyeblinking linked to aversive events of short duration. We need to know what is happening with the blinking eye to aversive stimuli with longer duration. The forced swimming test (PNF, stimulation provides a sharp, intense and prolonged by 15 minutes. Then we assess the response of eye blinking under the effect of the aversive stimulation provided by the PNF. We used 10 type Wistar male rats experimentally naive, with a weight next to the 300 g were housed with boxes-individual room and free access to food and water. The response of blinking eye was defined as: the behavior of closing and opening in a short period that the eyelids cover the eyes of the rat. We used a modified procedure of the PNF in establishing as a criterion of time 15 minutes for each of the two trials. The first assay began to put the rat in the cylinder with water. The second assay was performed 24 hours after the first assay. The sessions were videotaped, of which the recordings were obtained. The graph shows us a process of change in the blinkin eye, this suggests to us that this is a eyeblinking emotional, which passes through: the surprise; anxiety; and something like depression. It is a complex of processes in which they are involved a variety of mechanisms. We compare our results with other researches of blinking. The descriptors process involved in the anxiety-depression, are at different levels and can go from its link with physiological states until the mechanisms at the biochemical level responsible for that behavior.

  19. Production of ethanol, fat and oil and methane gas from several crops. Sushu sakumotsu nado no energygen toshite no hyoka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Uehara, Tsuyoshi; Suganuma, Hirotoshi

    1988-05-01

    Aiming at production of ethanol, fat and oil and so on, ten kinds of miscellaneous cereal crops such as pearl-millet, soybean and so on were grown, and comparative investigation of the production rate which was considered utilization of whole plants were carried out. The suitability of vegetable wastes as methane fermentation materials for the methane gas production was investigated by the constituent analyses and methane fermentation experiments. Nine kinds of the grasses and vegetable wastes such as tomatoe buds, broccoli leaves were used for the investigation. As the results, the estimated yield of ethanol per 10 are from pearl-millet was 690 liter, the estimated yield of fat and oil per 10 are was 70 liter from soybean, The results of the analyses of nine kinds of the farm residues were as follows: (1) carbon content of about 40 %, (2) C/N ratio of 13 av., (3) C/P ratio of 91 av., and (4) the content of C,N and P was roughly appropriate. 680 to 760 milliliter of methane gas was produced from one gram of the dry matter of tomatoe bods, and in case of broccoli leaves, 424 milliliter of methane gas was produced, it was found that these values were not inferior to animal dung. (4 figs, 15 tabs, 6 refs)

  20. Report on evaluation/selection surveys on coal species, processes and others; Tanshu process nado hyoka sentei chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1981-03-01

    This program analyzes the applicable coal species centered by Australia's Victoria brown coal and Chinese coal, which are promising alternative fuel sources for Japan for their reserves, prices, availability, suitability for liquefaction, etc, in order to clarify the possible problems, and commercialize the liquefaction techniques in the early stage. This report consists of 6 chapters. Chapter 1 describes development situations of brown coal, specifically for Australia's Victoria brown coal and Chinese coal. Chapter 2 describes characteristics of the reactions involved in the brown coal liquefaction. Chapter 3 describes current status of various liquefaction processes (solvolysis, solvent extraction, direct hydrogenation and C-SRC) under development in Japan, and problems involved in their future developments. Chapter 4 describes current status of the elementary techniques, e.g., those for slurry pretreatment (e.g., dehydration and crushing), solid/liquid separation, secondary hydrogenation, product upgrading and gasification. Chapter 5 describes the related techniques, and Chapter 6 discusses the demonstration survey results of de-ashing, primary/secondary hydrogenation, and dehydration of brown coal. (NEDO)

  1. Report on evaluation/selection surveys on coal species, processes and others; Tanshu process nado hyoka sentei chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1981-03-01

    This program analyzes the applicable coal species centered by Australia's Victoria brown coal and Chinese coal, which are promising alternative fuel sources for Japan for their reserves, prices, availability, suitability for liquefaction, etc, in order to clarify the possible problems, and commercialize the liquefaction techniques in the early stage. This report consists of 6 chapters. Chapter 1 describes development situations of brown coal, specifically for Australia's Victoria brown coal and Chinese coal. Chapter 2 describes characteristics of the reactions involved in the brown coal liquefaction. Chapter 3 describes current status of various liquefaction processes (solvolysis, solvent extraction, direct hydrogenation and C-SRC) under development in Japan, and problems involved in their future developments. Chapter 4 describes current status of the elementary techniques, e.g., those for slurry pretreatment (e.g., dehydration and crushing), solid/liquid separation, secondary hydrogenation, product upgrading and gasification. Chapter 5 describes the related techniques, and Chapter 6 discusses the demonstration survey results of de-ashing, primary/secondary hydrogenation, and dehydration of brown coal. (NEDO)

  2. Avaliação da resposta imune humoral e análise comportamental de ratos Wistar submetidos a natação forçada e tratados com fluoxetina

    OpenAIRE

    Eduardo Vignoto Fernandes

    2012-01-01

    A fluoxetina é amplamente utilizada para tratamento de transtornos comportamentais. O teste do nado forçado é um modelo experimental de estudo da depressão em ratos, no qual drogas antidepressivas revertem o comportamento passivo de flutuação em repetidas imersões em água. O objetivo deste estudo foi verificar os efeitos da fluoxetina no comportamento do teste do nado forçado e sobre a imunidade. Primeiramente, foi investigado o efeito do teste de nado forçado em relação ao tratamento com flu...

  3. FY 1999 report on the survey of the basic cooperation project of enhancement of the international energy consumption efficiency. Project on promotion of exchanges with the persons concerned with government agencies, etc.; 1999 nendo kokusai energy shohi koritsuka nado kyoryoku kiso jigyo, kokusai energy shohi koritsuka chosa nado kyoryoku kiso jigyo chosa hokokusho. Seifu kikan nado kankeisha koryu sokushin jigyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    For the purpose of promoting the understanding of effective energy utilization and constructing corporative relations between countries, the persons concerned with government agencies of India, China, Indonesia, Vietnam, Myanmar and Thailand were invited to Japan, and exchanges of opinions were made on policies, technical development, the state of the introduction, etc. The persons concerned with governments of India, China and Indonesia participate in NEDO Forum 2001 to give lectures on the energy policy of their own. The persons sent from the Vietnamese government paid visits for survey to NEDO, Obayashi Corp., Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Ltd., Mitsubishi Materials Corp. and Taiheiyo Cement Corp. as reference of the model project on cement sintering plant power reduction. The persons sent from the Myanmar government paid visits for survey to NEDO, ECCJ, Chiyoda Corp., Yokogawa Electric Corp. and Cosmo Oil Co. as reference of the model project on energy conservation at fertilizer plant. The persons concerned with the Thai government paid visits for survey to the plants concerned with the model project on residue combustion waste heat recovery facilities at paper mills and the model project on waste heat recovery at steel material heating furnace. (NEDO)

  4. Report on surveys in fiscal 2000 on the survey on foundation to establish industrial technology strategy. Survey on lifetime education for mechanical engineers; 2000 nendo sangyo gijutsu senryaku sakusei kiban chosa hokokusho. Kikai gijutsusha shogai kyoiku chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    With an objective to set up a system for full-scale lifetime education, a feasibility study has been performed on preparing new educational materials and performing seminars. The continuing education program developed by the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers is intended to assist engineers studied under the new engineer system to accumulate actual work experience after having acquired the qualification, and motivate ability maintenance and self-enlightenment after having acquired the engineer qualification, mainly through the training meetings and lecture meetings held by the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers. The education items in the major field course include dynamics of materials and machines, energy and flow, information and control, and design and production. The items in the general common course include presentation and communication, kinetics learned from actual cases, engineer ethics, product liability and product safety. The seminar was held for two days for engineers graduated from undergraduate departments and experienced in actual works for two years or longer as the object. The actual status survey related to the continuing education by corporations revealed that 83% of the corporations has implemented intra-corporation training, and encouraged positive participation to outside seminars. (NEDO)

  5. Economic strategy of Arab to cope with EC unification; Establishment of blocks for economic unification. EC togo o niranda Arab keizai senryaku; Keizai togo e no block ka gensho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Matsumoto, Hideki (The Inst. of energy Economics, Tokyo (Japan))

    1990-01-01

    The agreement of the Arab Coopration Council (ACC) mentions the final aim of achieving the common market type economic unification by promoting economic cooperation within the area. All the ACC member nations are facing economical difficulties, and are in need of outside financial help. ACC was followed by the Arab Maghreb Union (AMU). The AMU is giving priority to the economic cooperation and cooperative projects within the area seeking tangible advantages, and its distinguishing characters and aims are analyzed. The accumulated debt problem of the AMU member nations is as serious as that of the ACC. The births of the ACC and AMU mean that the Arab world became a tripolar structure together with the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) established in 1981. The desire for the estblishment of Arab common market is common for the ACC, AMU and GCC. Problems confronting the GCC, ACC and AMU are described. 11 refs., 2 figs., 11 tabs.

  6. 1998 comparative studies on R and D strategies of private firms in U.S. and Japan; 1998 nendo minkan kigyo ni okeru gijutsu kaihatsu senryaku no Nichibei hikaku chosa kenkyu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Surveys were made on the present state of R and D strategies such as energy conservation technologies and high performance technologies among private firms in the U.S. and Japan, for the purpose of suggesting direction of R and D for Japanese private firms and contributing to the R and D policies in the future. The R and D strategy trends of Japanese private firms are, for example, shortened R and D period, market needs in R and D and emphasis on direct links to product development, lack of researchers, R and D outsourcing, and introduction of project team system. In the U.S., firms are showing signs of revival of their R and D activities that have been on the wane since 1980s. The focus of R and D contents has been shifting from basic to applied researches. In the efforts of compensating reduced basic researches, the firms are beginning to establish a cooperation system through alliances with outside research institutions by throwing away the completely independent principle. The private firms are also advancing alliances with venture firms. The firms are presumably taking in the idea of financial products in their investments in R and D. (NEDO)

  7. Investigations in relation with prevention of global warming in fiscal 2000. Structuring of strategies related to emission trading; 2000 nendo chikyu ondanka boshi kanren chosa hokokusho. Haishutsuryo torihiki ni kakawaru senryaku kochiku

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Investigations in relation with the greenhouse effect gas emission trading system have been performed on introduction and discussion of the system in major countries in order to discuss basically the emission trading system in Japan. The EU has been advancing the discussion with the introduction thereof to start in 2005 kept in mind, whereas the points of issue for the system designing include the followings: what roles should be taken by the EU and membership countries, consistency between the membership countries with regard to the participating organizations, and the scheme for initial allocation. In Denmark, the emission trading system has been introduced in January 2001 between the electric power companies. The objects of the allocation are only the eight power generation companies, making the management of emission right retaining quantities by the government simple. The United Kingdom has a schedule of introducing the emission trading system in April 2001, but the trading itself will start in 2002. Management of the trading scheme, and acceptability of banking after 2008 are the main points of issue. In the fundamental discussions on designing the emission trading system in Japan, discussion items were extracted, and the points of issue were put into order. (NEDO)

  8. Study on strategies in joint implementation and its improvement to reduce CO2 emissions; CO2 sakugen no tame no kyodo jisshi ni okeru senryaku oyobi sono kaizen hosaku no kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Matsuhashi, R.; Ishitani, H. [The University of Tokyo, Tokyo (Japan)

    1998-10-01

    In order to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, we have to introduce measures to suppress economic differences between developed countries (DC) and less developed countries (LDC) as well as accelerate technology improvement. In this sense, Joint Implementation (JI) is a promising measure not only to economically reduce greenhouse gas emissions, but also to facilitate technology transfer from DC to LDC. In this article, we first investigated JI strategies, in which LDC can improve industrial energy efficiency under financial support of DC. Strategies of countries involved in JI was represented with Stackelberg game. Analytical results revealed that JI activities may considerably be diminished in Stackelberg equilibrium, depending on shapes of the marginal cost functions of reducing CO2. Therefore we proposed measures to prevent the suppression of JI and quantitatively evaluated the potential of this improved JI system. As far as actual data on economy and industry are concerned, we used the ones of Japan and China, since China has been rapidly increasing its economic scale and greenhouse gas emissions. However implications from these analyses are useful also for other countries. 8 refs., 7 figs.

  9. FY 2000 report on the survey of technological strategy for the creation of the robot society in the 21st century; 2000 nendo chosa hokokusho. 21 seiki ni okeru robot shakai sozo no tameno gijutsu senryaku chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-05-01

    For the purpose of constructing the future-oriented robot technology system and clarifying the robot technology strategy viewed from the necessity, contribution and marketability in the society, investigational study was made by the special committee for technology strategy survey. In the section meeting for the needs, the following 5 working groups had a grasp of the needs: reinforcement of production technology; bio-industry; medical act support; how to cope with disasters; life support. Based on the results of the analysis of factors of the successful manufacture of industrial robots during the 1980s - 1990s, the quantitative estimate of the market was made as much as possible. Further, in the section meeting for the seeds, the 6 working groups were set up, and they conducted the trend survey/analysis of the development of element technology of robot in Japan and abroad, the extraction of developmental subjects, etc. As a result, the following were specified as the seeds to be emphasized: construction of the remotely distributed system using network; nano-handling technology; sensitivity interface/human behavior comprehension technology/simulation technology, robot vision, moving technology, advanced manipulation technology. (NEDO)

  10. Report on the project for working out the new energy vision of the Kamoto Town area. Feasibility study; 2001 nendo Kamoto machi chiiki shin energy vision sakutei tou jigyo fijibiriti hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For the realization of 'the introduction of biomass of animal manure/garbage,' an important item in 'the new energy vision of the Kamoto Town area (Kumamoto Prefecture),' a feasibility study was conducted. For the resource retrieval of animal manure, etc., only composting is generally conducted. In this project, however, two projects are combinedly conducted: project for producing biogas (main component: methane gas) and liquid fertilizer and project for producing compost. The project pursues the reduction in running cost by self-sufficiency of energy and the environmental preservation by recovery of methane gas. The plant for producing biogas and liquid fertilizer consists of garbage crusher, storage tank, anaerobic fermentation tank and generator. The plant for producing compost consists of solid liquid separator, fermentation tank, agitator and smell remover. In the feasibility study, the following were carried out: study of the establishment of specifications/selection of the necessary conditions for a plant tentatively named the Kamoto Town Biomass Center, study of the proposed site for plant, survey of the financial plan, survey of the operational system, study of the project promotion system, etc. (NEDO)

  11. Museum of water, green and the sun - Marumori. New energy vision of the Marumori Town area; 2001 nendo Marumori machi shin energy vision hokokusho. Chiiki shin energy vision sakutei tou jigyo (Mizu to midori nto taiyo no hakubutsukan Marumori)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-03-01

    In Marumori Town, Miyagi Prefecture, a 'new energy vision of the area' was worked out which indicated the assessment of the energy reserved in the town and the course of new energy to be determined in the future. The energy consumption amount of Marumori Town in FY 1999 was estimated at 47,535 kL in crude oil conversion. By sector, the energy consumption amount was the largest in the order of the industrial sector, the transportation sector and the commercial/residential sector. The availability of new energy in Maruyama Town was estimated at approximately 480,585 GJ, of which the solar energy utilization was the largest, 53.1%. The photovoltaic power generation was the next largest, 25.4%, followed by the temperature difference energy (underground water), 8.9%, clean energy car, 7.8%, etc. As a plan for the first introduction of new energy, the following were studied: introduction of photovoltaic power generation facilities to the Marumori Town Office, introduction of new energy to public facilities around the Fudoson Park, introduction of wind power generation facilities to the town-run pasture, construction of the Marumori-type biogas plant, construction of a mini hydroelectric power plant, introduction of clean energy car to public vehicles, introduction of new energy facilities to the area of Kawa-no-Eki (station of the river), etc. (NEDO)

  12. Report on the survey of the project for working out the new energy vision of Shinjo Village. New energy vision of Shinjo Village; 2001 nendo Shinjo son shin energy vision sakutei tou jigyo chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For the purpose of promoting the introduction of new energy and enhancing the awareness of it in Shinjo Village, Okayama Prefecture, an investigational study was conducted of the energy demand of the village, existence amount of new energy, project for new energy introduction, etc., and a new energy vision was worked out. The energy demand amount of the village was estimated at 1,442.5kL in terms of crude oil. The rate of energy source was 48% of automobile use fuel, 25% of electric power, 20% of kerosene and 7% of LPG. As the project for new energy introduction, the following were studied: power generation by direct combustion/gasification of wood biomass such as forest trees; power generation/heat utilization using agricultural waste such as rice straw/hull; production/utilization of wood pellet; introduction of photovoltaic power system/solar heat utilization system to tourist facilities/welfare facilities such as the village office/elementary school/junior high school/michi-no-eki (service area along the road); introduction of clean energy vehicle to tourist resort; introduction of street light with solar panel/wind power generator/storage cell; introduction of micro hydraulic power generation. (NEDO)

  13. FY 2000 Drawing new energy vision for Town of Setana. Report on results of the survey for construction of floating windmill; 2000 nendo Setanacho shin energy vision sakutei hokokusho. Yojo fusha kensetsu jigyoka chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    The survey/study is conducted for the project of constructing floating windmill as the new energy vision for the Town of Setana district, Hokkaido, and the FY 2000 results are reported. Wind power density is 581.7W/m{sup 2}, as revealed by the surveys on wind conditions, which by far exceeds the manual standard of 215W/m{sup 2} at a height of 20m, suggesting that the site is very promising. The windmill capacities investigated are 600 and 1,200kW class for the unit to be connected to the distribution system, and 1,500kW class for the one to be connected to the special, high-voltage transmission system. The 1,200kW class unit can annually produce power of 4,780MWh, based on the average wind velocity, which corresponds to 34.1% of the annual consumption in the town. The economic studies indicate that construction of 2-600kW class windmill units on the dolphin base at the immediately back of the breakwater is most economically advantageous, at a construction cost of 575 thousand yen/kW, which translates into a power production cost of 13.24 yen/kWh, based on interest rate of 4%/y and service life of 17 years. The project will be feasible when NEDO supports half of the project expenses, because the cost would be reduced to 7.16 yen/kWh, which is below the price. (NEDO)

  14. Building a network of flowers, green, and ocean. Investigation report on establishment of new energy vision in Wada Town area (Chiba Prefecture); Hana midori umi no network zukuri. Wadacho chiiki shin energy vision sakutei chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    With the idea of living together with well-blessed nature placed as the base of building the town, new energy utilization promoting measures were established spanning over ten years starting fiscal 2000. Specifically, the vision was established with the following points as the substance: introduction of new energy technologies into the agricultural and fishery industries as the basic district industry, initiative introduction into public facilities in consideration of repercussion effects brought about by the introduction, provision of energy related information by improving publicity magazines and information technologies, and expanded provision of environmental information collaborated with schools. Specific measures discussed include photovoltaic power generation, utilization of bio-mass energies made available from livestock excreta, and algae, utilization of hydro-energy through the improvement project of the Komukai dam, utilization of wind power energy and ocean wave power energy, and utilization of rape-seed oil as automotive fuel. Such educational activities will also be promoted actively as the setting of economy indexes, assistance to autonomous activities, and holding training meetings, seminars, and experience education class rooms. (NEDO)

  15. Report on the survey on the project for working out the new energy vision of Oyamada Village; 2001 nendo Oyamada mura chiiki shin energy vision sakutei tou jigyo chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-03-01

    For the purpose of promoting the introduction of new energy and enhancing the awareness of it in Oyamada Village, Mie Prefecture, an investigational study was conducted of the energy demand amount, existence amount of new energy and project for new energy introduction, and a vision was worked out. The energy demand amount of the village was 672,289 x 10{sup 3} MJ/y. The rate of energy source was about 27% of electric power and 65% of petroleum-base such as gasoline, light oil and kerosene. The amount of CO2 emitted from these was estimated at 50,333 t-CO2. As viewed by sector, the energy demand amount consisted of 46.7% in the transportation sector, 36.3% in the industrial sector, 9.6% in the residential sector and 7.3% in the business sector. As the project for new energy introduction, the following were studied: Aoyama Heights wind farm (wind power generation: 700kW x 12 turbines); wind power generation project jointly with citizen; introduction of photovoltaic power generation/solar heat utilization to public facilities; greenhouse of Western orchard using waste heat from hot spring, stockbreeding waste utilization project, recycle project for thinnings, introduction of clean energy vehicle, etc. (NEDO)

  16. Report on the survey for working out the new energy vision of the Sen'nan city area; 2001 nendo Sen'nan shi chiiki shin energy vision sakutei chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For the purpose of promoting the introduction of new energy and enhancing the awareness of it in Sen'nan City, Osaka Prefecture, an investigational study was conducted of the structure of energy demand, existence amount of new energy, project for new energy introduction, etc. The energy consumption amount of the city in FY 1999 was estimated at 4,971TJ. It consisted of 40.6% in the industrial sector, 29.7% in the transportation sector and 29.6% in the commercial/residential sector. The rate of energy source was 48.8% of petroleum, 32.1% of electric power and 19.1% of gas. As the project for new energy introduction, the following were studied: introduction of photovoltaic power generation and solar heat utilization facilities to the city office/elementary school/junior high school/municipal dwelling houses; street light combinedly using photovoltaic power generation and wind power generation; introduction of clean energy vehicle to official vehicle; preferential treatment for introduction of low-emission car for citizen; introduction of natural gas cogeneration and fuel cell to the city office, etc.; introduction of small-size wind power generation/small- and medium-size hydraulic power generation to public facilities, park, etc.; construction of the waste energy utilization system. (NEDO)

  17. FY 2001 report on the initial-stage survey of the project for working out the new energy vision of the Okinawa City area; 2001 nendo Okinawa shi chiiki shin energy vision sakutei chosa. shoki dankai chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For working out a new energy vision in Okinawa City, an investigational survey was conducted, as the initial-stage survey, of the state of energy demand of the city, estimated amount of existence of new energy, proposed project (draft) on new energy introduction, etc. The energy demand amount of Okinawa City was estimated at 6,865 x 10{sup 6} MJ/y. By sector, it consisted of 41.6% in the transportation sector, 35.6% in the commercial/residential sector and 22.8% in the industrial sector. The rate of energy source was 50.5% of petroleum-base fuel, 31.0% of electric power and 9.5% of LP gas. The expected minable amount of new energy was estimated at 318,513 x 10{sup 3} MJ/y, which is equivalent to 17 x the energy consumption amount/day of the city. As the proposed project (draft) for new energy introduction, study was made of the introduction of photovoltaic power system/solar heat utilization system to the children future zone park/elementary school/junior high school/kindergarten/public hall, introduction of clean energy vehicle to official vehicle of the city, refuse incineration power generation/utilization of incineration heat at Kurahama sanitary facilities, and others. (NEDO)

  18. Report on the project for working out the new energy vision of the Shime town area; 2001 nendo Shime cho chiiki shin energy vision sakutei tou jigyo chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For the purpose of promoting the introduction of new energy and enhancing the awareness of it in Shime Town, Fukuoka Prefecture, an investigational study was conducted of the state of energy consumption of the town, existence amount of new energy, project for new energy introduction, etc., and a vision was worked out. The rate of electric power demand of the town consisted of 44% of the residential sector such as general household, the highest, 30% of the business sector such as business office and 21% of the industrial sector such as plant. The demand from the industrial sector was on the decrease. The sales amount of domestic use gas almost leveled off. As the project for new energy introduction, the following were studied: introduction of photovoltaic power system to the Shime town office/townspeople center/elementary school/junior high school; introduction of solar heat utilization system to the welfare center for old people; introduction of wind power/photovoltaic power hybrid street light to school road/cycling road/playground; heat pump space heating/cooling using temperature different energy of the water of mine roadway; introduction of clean energy vehicle to the town office; introduction of photovoltaic power generation/solar heat utilization/hybrid car to general houses. (NEDO)

  19. Report on the survey for working out the new energy vision of the core city/town/village area in the Honjo region; 2001 nendo Honjo chiho kyoten toshi chiiki shin energy vision sakutei chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For the purpose of promoting the introduction of new energy and enhancing the awareness of it in the core city/town/village area in the Honjo region, Saitama Prefecture, an investigational study was conducted of the energy consumption amount, existence amount of new energy and project for new energy introduction, and a vision was worked out. The energy consumption of the area in FY 1999 was 9.8 x 10{sup 15}J in amount and was broken down into 47% of petroleum, 27% of electric power, 9% of town gas and 9% of LPG. As viewed by sector, the energy consumption consisted of 39% in the industrial sector, 29% in the transportation sector, 23% in the residential sector and 9% in the commercial sector. As the project for new energy introduction, the following were studied: introduction of wind power generation/photovoltaic power generation to municipal office/public facilities/traffic facilities/research facilities/street light/water filtration plant/disaster prevention facilities/residential houses; utilization of biomass like garbage/animal feces/residue from food plant/ligneous waste/thinnings and utilization of fuel cell by biogas; introduction of clean energy vehicle. (NEDO)

  20. Report on drawing district energy-saving visions for Town of Senmaya. Construction of the town of the 21st century beginning also from here; Senmayacho sho energy vision sakutei hokokusho. Kokokara mo hajimaru 21 seiki no machizukuri

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    The energy-saving visions are drawn for the Town of Senmaya area, Iwate Pref., to promote energy saving and abatement of gas emissions which cause global warming. The project include supporting the citizens for energy-saving, e.g., enlightenment of introduction of energy-saving type household facilities (illuminators and air conditioners) and preferential parking spaces for energy-saving type vehicles; and spread/introduction supporting for enterprises, e.g., charge-free energy-saving diagnoses for studying potentially saved energy, and providing information, seminars and information exchange meetings to help enterprises obtain the ISO14001 qualification. The energy-saving activities studied for the administration sector itself to take include introduction of energy-saving/new energy type systems for new public facilities, high-efficiency illumination and insulation systems in existing facilities, energy-saving type model houses utilizing solar energy for municipal houses, office vehicles and municipal buses when they are replaced, and utilization of waste heat from garbage incinerators for air conditioning of public facilities. (NEDO)

  1. FY 1997 report on the research study for preparation of NEDO`s vision. Biomass energy; 1997 nendo chosa hokokusho (NEDO vision sakutei ni muketa chosa kenkyu). Biomass energy ni tsuite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    Research study was made on the current usage, technological development and future subjects of biomass energy. The current use of biomass energy over the world estimated to be nearly a billion t/y oil equivalent. This value is estimated to be only a part of a pure primary biomass yield of 73 billion t/y oil equivalent showing a large supply potential. The evaluation result of a biomass energy potential in the world by GLUE (Global Land Use and Energy Model) considering worldwide biomass flow and competition of land use showed that no change of land use form in advanced areas is predicted, and no production of new biomass energy from forests in advancing areas is also expected. Production of biomass energy from farm products is promising in advanced areas, while the potential of biomass residue is high in advancing areas showing the possibility of energy development. Development of new biotechnologies such as molecular control of bio-production functions is expected to increase biomass resources. 76 refs., 26 figs., 30 tabs.

  2. Report on surveys in fiscal 2000 on the survey on preparing list of names of well-informed persons in industrial technological fields; 2000 nendo sangyo gijutsu bun'ya ni okeru yushikisha meibo sakutei ni kakawaru chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    In order to identify, in establishing plans for industrial technological fields, the well-informed persons from whom useful knowledge and comments can be obtained, a well-informed person survey was conducted by surveying and hearing the roles and selection processes of the well-informed persons inside and outside the country. For the organizations in Japan, the survey was made on Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, and Japan Science Technology Organization. For the organizations outside the country, surveys were made on two organizations in the U.S., one organization in Germany, and one organization in U.K. All of them are the research aiding organizations established to allocate the national budget to the research investments. As compared to Japan, the organizations in foreign countries are characterized as follows: technological fields that are given priority are declared clearly by the organizations; in selecting the publicly advertised projects, the guidelines on the research scope are strict, but flexibility is given in fund allocation; the first screening process is carried out by researchers and scholars in the same technological field, and the second screening is performed by the authorization committee. Extraction of well-informed persons and preparation of a name list were performed for some of the technological fields in Japan by means of the hearing survey. (NEDO)

  3. FY 1997 report on the research for construction of NEDO`s vision. Regional environment and international collaboration; 1997 nendo chosa hokokusho (NEDO vision sakutei ni muketa chosa kenkyu). Chiiki kankyo to kokusai kyoryoku

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    It is necessary for NEDO to transfer the energy technology to developing countries and conduct collaborations with them efficiently. First of all, environments of the community were analyzed from a viewpoint of natural environment, social and cultural environment, and industrial and economic environment. Then, this report outlines the organizations of domestic and international aid agencies which have potentials to conduct alliance and collaboration with NEDO, and also illustrates their activities including financing and technology exchange, regional activities, and progress of activities. Alliances and collaborations with NGOs of each international organization were analyzed on the aspect of the fields and know-how of alliance with NGOs, selection standards of NGOs and necessary systems and organizations to make effective alliance and collaboration with NGOs, and some case studies were taken. Organization, purposes and activities of NGOs in Asian countries are introduced, and their current situations are illustrated. Finally, some proposals were offered to make alliances and collaborations with aid agencies and NGOs. They are concerned about the fields and know-how of alliance with NGOs, selection standards of NGOs and necessary systems and organizations to make effective alliance and collaboration with NGOs. 44 figs., 8 tabs.

  4. Report on the project for working out the new energy vision of the Chinen Village area in FY 2001; 2001 nendo Chinen son chiiki shin energy vision sakutei tou jigyo hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For the purpose of promoting the introduction of new energy and enhancing the awareness of it in Chinen Village, Okinawa Prefecture, an investigational study was conducted of the trend of energy consumption of the village, existence amount of new energy, case study for new energy introduction, etc., and a vision was worked out. The energy consumption amount of Chinen Village in FY 1999 was estimated at 591,935 x 10{sup 3} MJ/y. By sector, the consumption amount in the transportation sector was the highest, approximately 40%, followed in order by the household sector, business sector and industrial sector. The rate of energy source was 49.2% of petroleum, 42.3% of electric power and 8.5% of gas. As the case study for new energy introduction, the following were studied: introduction of photovoltaic power generation to the village office/Azama Sun Beach/hydroponics/JA branch office/prawn farm, introduction of photovoltaic power generation/wind power generation to the village gymnasium/village drainage pump/refrigerating facilities of the fisheries cooperative association, etc. Further, as the new project, the following were studied: introduction of photovoltaic power generation/wind power generation to the agricultural irrigation project/comprehensive sports park, introduction of photovoltaic power generation to the new building of Chinen Elementary School/maker of processed medicinal herbs. (NEDO)

  5. Basic survey on the residence using hybrid energy in snowy cold regions; Sekisetsu kanreichi ni okeru hybrid energy katsuyogata jutaku nado ni kansuru kiso chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    The conceptual model and feasibility of the hybrid energy system for residences and public facilities in snowy cold regions were studied. Based on the existing data, the existing and available amounts of natural energy and unused energy in the target area, Sapporo were estimated. Based on the predicted energy demands of 4 kinds of building models, the energy systems for such models were studied. The use of the following energies was considered: photovoltaic power generation and solar heat for all the models, household sewage energy for the multiple-dwelling house model, and wind power generation for the public facility model. The annual energy balance was calculated to evaluate it. The use of additional commercial electricity was necessary, while surplus solar heat energy was found in summer which can push up the self-sufficiency rates of the residence and public facility models to 70% and 44%, respectively. The multiple- dwelling house model which can use a large amount of household sewage energy could utilize 80% of new energy, while the other 3 models utilized only 60-70% of that. 81 figs., 42 tabs.

  6. Fiscal 2000 collection of manuscripts for technology development committee on hydrogen energy and the like; 2000 nendo suiso energy nado kanren gijutsu kaihatsu iinkai yokoshu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-07

    The subjects listed in the collection are (1) the research and development of international clean energy system technology utilizing hydrogen (WE-NET - World Energy Network), including the outline of the project as a whole; research on system evaluation; research and development of safety measures; development of technologies for liquid hydrogen transportation and storage; research on low-temperature materials; development of hydrogen supply station and hydrogen-driven automobile system; development of supply station for hydrogen produced by electrolysis of water; development of hydrogen fuel system; development of hydrogen production technology; development of hydrogen absorbing alloys for dispersed hydrogen transportation and storage; development of polymer electrolyte fuel cell fed with pure hydrogen; and the development of power generation technology, (2) the development of closed type high-efficiency turbine technology capable of carbon dioxide recovery, and (3) the development of frontier technology of carburation using sensible heat in coke oven gas. (NEDO)

  7. Research report for fiscal 1998. Study of utilization of biomass including foods in energy industry; 1998 nendo shokubutsu nado no biomass no energy riyo ni kansuru chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Rice being produced as food is taken up out of various types of biomass, and a feasibility study from the viewpoints of technology and economy is conducted as to its use in the energy industry. The production of ethanol from rice, though it has no past record worth discussion, is similar to the production of ethanol from other biomass resources in terms of technology and economy. The problem is that the production cost of rice is far higher than those of other materials. It is expected, however, that there will a large-scale production cost reduction and an increase in the yield when novel cultivation techniques are introduced in the future. It is also expected that alcohol from rice will be sufficiently competitive with alcohol from molasses or the like when the exploitation of cellulose-family by-products such as husks becomes feasible. The study on this occasion deals solely with the effective use of farmland and the surplus rice. A confrontation between rice as a biomass resource and rice as a food has to be avoided as much as possible in the long term because it may cause a price rise and compromise the security of food supply. That is, in discussing this matter, it is mandatory to draw a very definite line between rice as a food and rice as an alcohol production material. (NEDO)

  8. Survey of the waste-fueled power generation introducing technology. Case study 1 (fiscal 1996); Haikibutsu hatsuden donyu gijutsu chosa nado. Case study no jisshi 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    A case study on A city was conducted aiming at making a detailed manual for introducing the waste-fueled power generation. The study was made in terms of a large-capacity waste-fueled power plant, estimation of the waste amount considering wide-area processing, size of facilities, comparison of four types of combustion furnace, steam condition/seawater cooling/power generating efficiency, etc. As a result, the following were proposed: As to the size of facilities, a capacity as large as possible is recommended in the light of the scale merit of costs of the waste-fueled power plant and final disposal site and the environmental preservation. Concerning the high efficient power generation, recommended are 450degC and 60-80 ata which are steam conditions for coping with high temperature corrosion. In respect to seawater cooling, the adoption is recommended making good use of locational conditions since the output energy increases by approximately 16%. Any furnace types including the fluidized bed furnace are equal. The amount of dioxin becomes below 0.1ng/Nm{sup 3} because of the control of furnace combustion temperature, residence time, catalytic desulfurization facilities, blowing of activated coal into the flue, etc. 172 figs., 78 tabs.

  9. Achievement report for fiscal 2000 on development of technology to evaluate reliability of petroleum refining facilities; 2000 nendo sekiyu seisei setsubi shinraisei hyoka nado gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    This paper reports the achievements in fiscal 2000 in development of a technology to evaluate reliability of petroleum refining facilities. The development efforts were made mainly on analyses by simulation and neural net (NN) that utilize computers. In the high-temperature system facilities, the creep damage generation is governed by different factors including impurities. The evaluation on joint life requires simultaneous use of low temperature zone long-time test. Verification was made on application of non-destructive inspection, such as use of ultrasonic waves in the accelerated creep zone. Defect detecting capability was identified when an ultrasonic wave flaw detection model is used for buried piping. In the pulse eddy current flaw detection, a coil most superb in totality was selected by means of simulation, by which corrosion and wall thickness of piping and devices were detected from outside the sheathing materials. Development was made on a technology to diagnose and evaluate corrosion of tank in operation by using the AE method. The remaining life of transformers is determined by how seriously the coil insulating paper has been deteriorated, and furfural in the oil was found effective for the parameters. Particularly, application of the NN was revealed to be effective in estimating electric motor deterioration. A high-temperature sulfide corrosion rate estimating model was developed from the operation and measurement data of the facilities by applying the NN and TCBM. (NEDO)

  10. Fiscal 1999 survey report. Fiscal 1998 basic survey for promotion of joint implementation, etc. (Analysis of results); 1998 nendo kyodo jisshi nado suishin kiso chosa kekka no bunseki

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    The 40 'Surveys for promotion of joint implementation, etc.' conducted by NEDO (New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization) in fiscal 1998 aimed to pick out projects that would positively utilize the flexible measures (three Kyoto mechanisms) for the achievement of greenhouse gas reduction targets defined at COP3 (Third Session of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change). In this paper, concerning these 40 surveys, studies are conducted for reaching conclusions about setting baselines for the future, execution of similar feasibility studies in the future, application of flexible measures, and opinions towards project implementation. The 40 surveys were, concretely speaking, conducted not to work out policies for actualization of given projects but to consider philosophies of project actualization and baseline formation for the future. In this paper, project outlines, environmental impact assessment, and economic assessment (investment assessment) are put in order for each of the surveys, and relations between amounts of global warming gas reduced and project costs, and project profitability, are analyzed for each of the surveys. (NEDO)

  11. Report on evaluation/selection surveys on coal species, processes and others. Appendix; Tanshu process nado hyoka sentei chosa hokokusho. Furoku

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1981-03-01

    This report, consisting of 7 chapters, summarizes literature related to liquefaction of coal. Chapter 1 describes the results of the (Project Lignite), i.e., development of the concept of two-stage liquefaction of lignite. Chapter 2 describes the COSTEAM process, which uses synthesis gas (CO-H{sub 2}) as the reducing agent and coal moisture as the hydrogen source for liquefaction of coal of low degree of carbonization, e.g., brown coal. Chapter 3 describes solubilization of coal with alcohol, where coal is reacted with ethanol and NaOH at 300 to 420 degrees C. Chapter 4 describes liquefaction of coal and production of lighter products with tetrahydroquinoline as the hydrogen donor. Chapter 5 describes low-temperature carbonization as the process for liquefying coal, in particular brown coal. Chapter 6 describes possibility of development of new liquefaction techniques for brown coal, including solvolysis for liquefaction, role, recovery and reuse of catalysts, short contact time processes, and coal pretreatment. Chapter 7 describes economic viability of the secondary hydrogenation. (NEDO)

  12. Achievement report for fiscal 2000 on development of technologies to reduce pollutants in oil refining; 2000 nendo sekiyu seisei osen busshitsu teigen nado gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Research and development has been made on technologies to reduce sulfur content in light oil and on optimization of light oil quality. This paper summarizes the achievements in fiscal 2000. In the study of enhancing the desulfurization rate in gas oil deep hydrodesulfurization process, it was found that NiHY zeolite having Ni introduced by using the ion exchange method shows stable activity, whereas the target of sulfur content of 50 ppm or lower was achieved by adding the third constituent and by optimizing the impregnation solution to pH3. In the study of the Ni, Mo/alumina catalyst, the desulfurization activity was enhanced by optimization of carrier pore size to 120 to 140 angstroms and by addition of phosphorus and silica, having the target of sulfur content of 50 ppm or lower achieved. In the research of manufacturing low-sulfur light oil using heavy oil desulfurization and hydrocracking, optimization was performed on the catalyst used in the latter stage of heavy oil desulfurization, and evaluation was given on the performance in combination of commercially available hydrometallation catalyst/middle part HDS catalyst/bottom part HDS catalyst. As a result, achievement of the target of sulfur content in the desulfurized light oil of 300 ppm or lower was verified. Life evaluation test is in continuation on the heavy oil hydrocracking catalyst. (NEDO)

  13. Research report for fiscal 1998. Promotion of activities implemented jointly etc. in China; 1998 nendo Chugoku ni okeru kyodo jisshi katsudo nado suishin chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    The Kyoto Protocol allows some flexibility in the implementation of methods for achieving the goal, such as emission trading, activities implemented jointly (AIJ) among advanced countries, construction of clean development mechanisms (CDM) with developing countries, etc., and Japan intends to positively make use of them for the achievement of the goal. For China, who holds second place in the list of greenhouse gas emitting countries in the world, the promotion of CDM is quite important. With the situation taken into consideration, interaction was effected with Chinese officers and scientists of government agencies and academic institutes involved in environmental matters, and researches were conducted. Views and information were exchanged regarding environmental problems and, after on-site investigations, researches were conducted and suggestions were presented as to how AIJ and CDM should be. The suggestions covered Chinese policies toward AIJ and CDM, current state of AIJ projects in China and systems for their promotion, means for enhancing such projects, and discovery of candidates for AIJ and CDM project application. (NEDO)

  14. Fiscal 1998 achievement report. Research and development of simplified dioxin analyzing technology, etc.; 1998 nendo dioxin kan'i bunseki gijutsu nado kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    A simplified method is developed, which measures dioxins in flue gas without using GC/MS (gas chromatography/mass spectrometry) of the double focusing type. The sampling device is built of two collecting bottles, containing water and diethylene glycol, and uses no XAD-2 (cross-linked amberlight divinyl benzene) resin. Such a design does not need time consuming Soxlet extraction in the sampling process and shortens the processing time. An HPLC (high performance liquid chromatography) system replaces the convenient column chromatography system in the cleanup process, and this enables automation and rapid treatment. For the measurement of toxicity equivalent, GC/MS is used to separate and quantify 17 kinds of toxic isomers as in the conventional method. The GC/MS is of the quadruple focusing type, however, and this reduces the device cost at the initial stage and shortens the time for operators to acquire the skills of maintenance and operation. Though the quadruple focusing type is inferior to the double focusing type in sensitivity, the shortcoming is compensated for by massive specimen injection using a PTV (programmable temperature vaporizer). The result of a JIS (Japanese Industrial Standard) method and the result of this newly developed method are found to agree excellently with each other. This method is simple and efficient, suitable for use in the analysis of small incinerator flue gas. (NEDO)

  15. Fiscal 1998 joint promotion basic research report. Energy saving project for Achinsk refinery in Russia; 1998 nendo kyodo jisshi nado suishin kiso chosa. Roshia Achinsuku seiyujo shoene project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    For prevention of global warming by greenhouse effect gas, study was made on energy saving measures for Achinsk refinery in Russia. Achinsk refinery is a relatively new plant put into operation in 1983, however, because of no various equipment for use combustion heat effectively, its average thermal efficiency is as low as 60%-70%, resulting in fuel consumption more than necessary one. Based on the study result, the following remodeling designs were made: Improvement of a heat exchange efficiency by relocation of heat exchangers to reduce fuel consumption of a heating furnace as much as possible, conversion of an existing heating furnace based on an old design concept to an advanced one, installation of a waste heat recovery system including a preheating convection unit and air preheater, reinforcement of heating furnace wall insulator, installation of an optimum control system for furnace operation, and improvement of a fuel supply system efficiency. This design showed possible reduction of heating furnace load, and possible furnace thermal efficiency of 90%. (NEDO)

  16. Survey on Pacific area energy policies by information collection. Laos and Myanmar; Taiheiyo energy seisaku joho nado genchi shushu chosa. Laos, Myanmar

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    For planning the Pacific area energy policy of Japan, the field survey on energy situations was carried out in Laos and Myanmar. Since Laos is rich in hydraulic resources, the future electric power development is expected. Development of oil and coal resources is yet in a planning stage. Electricite du Laos (EdL) is in charge of electricity business, and its power generation capacity amounts to 220MW (including hydroelectric one of 93%), and a half of it is exported. Based on the predicted growth rate of 9%/y for domestic power demand, development of the capacity to 440MW by fiscal 2002 is scheduled. Myanmar has natural gas and various mineral resources, and is rich in hydroelectric resources. Myanmar Electric Power Enterprise (MEPE) is in charge of electricity business. The power generation capacity amounts to 1.34GW (including private one of 26%). The power generation facility is composed of gas turbine one of 53% and hydroelectric one of 33%. Based on the predicted growth rate of 11.5%/y for domestic power demand, development of the capacity to 1.6GW by 2001 is scheduled. For the present, conversion of previous gas-firing power plants to efficient combined cycle ones is a main issue. 21 figs., 43 tabs.

  17. FY1998 research report on the R and D on recycling technology. Part 1; 1998 nendo recycle nado kankyo gijutsu kekyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    This project aims to develop recycling technology for reduction of environmental burden caused by waste, and promotion of recycling of wastes. As for advanced recycling technology for PET bottles, the facility was improved for improvement of a facility operability and product quality. Study was made on the effect of a raw bale quality and recycled flake colors on a product quality, the forming test with PS or PET labels, and the concentration and effect of washing liquid circulated in flake washing process. As for recycling technology of hard-to-dispose waste plastics, facility improvement and demonstration test were made for continuous operation of dry-distillation/gasification of shredder dusts and separation of nonferrous metals and glass. Study was also made on pulverizing and recycling technologies of FRP bath tubs, and such pulverization costs were estimated. As for production technology of chemical feed and fuel from wastes, study was made on removal technology of non-flammable substances, development of alkaline additives, reacting condition, development of reactors, and use technology as chemical feed. (NEDO)

  18. Driver`s behavior and the motion of motorized wheelchair when driving over rough surfaces; Dansa nado fuseichi sokoji no dendo kurumaisu no undo to join no kyodo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Enomoto, A; Yokomori, M; Yamaguchi, S [Meijo University, Aichi (Japan)

    1997-10-01

    We analyzed about the motion of motorized wheelchairs and the driver`s behavior when passing over the small obstacles in place of the rough surface road or the gateway of house and road by experiment. The tested two type wheelchairs are the front wheel drive and the rear wheel drive. The lean angle of head and the pulse rate of driver, the feeling for stability and the yaw angle and the roll angle of the wheelchair bodies, and the deflection angle of front wheels of rear drive. 4 refs., 11 figs., 1 tab.

  19. Fiscal 1995 verification survey of geothermal exploration technology. Report on a deep geothermal resource survey; 1995 nendo chinetsu tansa gijutsu nado kensho chosa. Shinbu chinetsu shigen hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-06-01

    For the purpose of reducing the risk of deep geothermal resource development, the paper investigated three factors for the formation of geothermal resource in the deep underground, that is, heat supply from heat source, supply of geothermal fluids, and the developmental status of fracture systems forming reservoir structures. The survey further clarified the status of existence of deep geothermal resource and the whole image of the geothermal system including shallow geothermal energy in order to research/study usability of deep geothermal resource. In the deep geothermal resource survey, drilling/examination were made of a deep geothermal exploration well (`WD-1,` target depth: approximately 3,000-4,000m) in the already developed area, with the aim of making rationalized promotion of the geothermal development. And the status of existence of deep geothermal resource and the whole image of the geothermal system were clarified to investigate/study usability of the geothermal system. In fiscal 1995, `WD-1` in the Kakkonda area reached a depth of 3,729m. By this, surveys were made to grasp the whole image of the shallow-deep geothermal system and to obtain basic data for researching usability of deep geothermal resource. 22 refs., 531 figs., 136 tabs.

  20. FY 1997 report on the field survey on country situations including efficient energy consumption. Vietnam; 1997 nendo chosa hokokusho (energy shohi koritsuka nado chiiki josei genchi chosa). Vietnam

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    Field survey was made on the current state of and issues on energy in Vietnam. In Vietnam, firewood is in wide use as non-commercial energy, and sums to a half of total energy consumption. Other energies such as hydroelectric power, petroleum, natural gas and coal are self-sustainable. Commercial energy consumption in 1995 is estimated at 10,070,000t in oil equivalent, which is broken down into 23% for coal, 42% in oil, 5% for natural gas and 30% for electricity. Abundant water resources will form the mainstay of future electric power supply. Commercial production of oil started in 1986 becoming an oil exporting country. Several promising natural gas fields were discovered as the result of the exploration by foreign capital. Coal deposits are estimated to be nearly 3.5 billion tons, and most of them are anthracite. Electric power demand is growing at a higher rate than the economic growth of Vietnam. The growth rate of electric power demand is set to be 1.3 times that of GDP. Since construction funds for new plants cannot be satisfied with the national budget and domestic investment alone, the country is expecting foreign capitals. 21 figs., 36 tabs.

  1. Report on `Survey of commercialization of intellectual ownership such as patent rights`; `Tokkyoken nado chiteki shoyuken no jitsuyoka ni kansuru chosa` hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    A survey was conducted on research results in industrial circles, universities, etc. in the U.S., Europe and Japan, especially the state of how intellectual ownership such as patent rights is handled and the present situation of the commercialization of intellectual ownership, proposing problems and measures to be taken for promotion of practical use of excellent research results in Japan. The most important thing obtained from the survey is that study jointly by industrial circles and universities in the U.S. and Europe is much more advancing than that in Japan and is firmly established not only in industrial circles, universities and national research institutes, but in the whole society, actually producing a lot of favorable results. For Japan to catch up with the U.S. and Europe, needed is not only accumulation of the ideas in the past, but drastic measures to be taken from a new point of view. Concretely, it was proposed that by belonging intellectual properties such as patent rights to universities/research institutes and transferring their disposal rights to them, royalties of licenses are given back to inventors as incentives, and that as a body promoting the transfer to the industrial circle, `management organization` to which private vitality is introduced is established in universities/research institutes in order to promote interconnection between the industrial circle and universities. 15 refs., 35 figs., 36 tabs.

  2. FY1998 report on the research on support for practical recycling technologies. Part 1; 1998 nendo recyle gijutsu nado jitsuyoka shien kenkyu seika hokokusho. 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    This project aims at development, demonstration and utilization of waste recycling technologies. This report summarizes the fiscal 1998 results. The test/demonstration plant for separation and removal of foreign materials was constructed for effective use of waste building wood, and its optimum operation condition was studied. Although some foreign materials exists, 90% of waste building wood chips were separated and recovered through some improvements for the plant. An advanced separation technology is expected. As for fibering technology, fibers with target compression strength were obtained from cedar chips through a disintegration experiment using a newly developed refiner plate. Although the compression strength of fibers obtained from waste building wood chips was slightly poor, it is attained by increasing the target specific gravity of light- weight wooden materials by nearly 10% from 0.1. As for fiber orientation technology, as the tension of a forming belt was adjusted to achieve sufficient width compression, nearly 90% of the target compression strength was attained. A width compression method remains to be solved. (NEDO)

  3. FY 2000 report on the survey of the stabilization of wind power generation power system, etc.; 2000 nendo furyoku hatsuden denryoku keito anteika nado chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    For the purpose of elucidating effects of output fluctuations at the time of quantity introduction of wind power generation, conducted were observation of wind characteristics in Hokkaido and analysis of the characteristics, estimation of fluctuations in wind power output, analysis of fluctuations in system frequency, etc. In the observation of wind characteristics, wind velocity/wind direction were measured at observation posts of 30 wind turbines installed at 16 sites in Hokkaido. Concerning the conversion into wind power output, 10 cases were selected such as the case of passage of low atmospheric pressure, etc., and the generator unit and wind firm were simulated in detail. In the estimation of wind power output, good agreement with the results estimated was confirmed at points very near to posts of observation of wind characteristics. As to the evaluation of effects of wind power generation to the system, power system frequencies were simulated using the models constructed and using capacity and kinds of frequency adjusted power source as parameter. As a result, it was indicated that there was a possibility of frequency's sharply fluctuating in case the surplus energy in frequency adjustment is reduced by fluctuations in demand and further in case wind power output is fluctuated. (NEDO)

  4. FY 1998 annual report on the project of basic survey for improving energy consumption efficiency in developing countries and programs of international conferences including IPCC. Report on CDM workshop; Hatten tojokoku energy shohi koritsuka kiso chosa nado jigyo / IPCC nado kokusai kaigi jigyo (CDM workshop hokokusho) 1998 nendo jigyo hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    It is decided in the COP4 that the concrete schemes for the (Kyoto Mechanism) should be boiled down towards the end of 2000. Of the many outstanding issues concerned, those related to the clean development mechanism (CDM) involve a number of problems awaiting solution. In particular, setting the baselines for amounts of the greenhouse effect gas emissions in projects not existing, which are essential for identifying reduced amounts of emissions (or credits), poses serious difficulty because of wide arbitrariness involved in the methodology. Therefore, (standardization) of the procedures is demanded for the accurate identification. In actuality, however, no methodology has been established as to what methods will be possibly applicable to widely diversified types of projects. This workshop, therefore, has focused the discussions on the (baseline problems), expecting to serve as a trigger for the future directions by presenting international researches and promoting the discussions thereon to deepen recognition of these problems, where the AIJ experiences have served as one of the bases. (NEDO)

  5. Report on achievement in the preceding research related to global industry technologies for the global industry technology research and development project. Research on gas systems substituting global warming gases such as PFC used in manufacturing semiconductors; 1998 nendo chikyu kankyo sangyo gijutsu ni kakawaru sendo kenkyu. Handotai seizo nado ni shiyosuru PFC nado no chikyu ondanka gas no daitai gas system no kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    The present semiconductor manufacturing process uses a great amount of PFC having large global warming coefficients and extremely long atmospheric life. A research was made particularly on reduction of its emission from etching processes. After introducing how the semiconductor industry has been working conventionally on protection of the global environment, this paper makes clear the purpose and positioning of this preceding research, as well as how it is moved forward. The paper also reports the results of analyzing and discussing the exhaust gases from etching devices using several kinds of substitute PFC gases. Survey results are reported on the possibilities of new substitute gases, plasma decomposition and treatment of exhaust gases, reaction process simulation, and in-situ analyzing and evaluating technologies. Investigations were made on the possibility of using no PFC in wiring processes which consume greater amount of PFC, as well as on wiring techniques using inter-layer insulation film with low dielectric rate, a new wiring structure forming technology, new functional elements, circuits and systems in a wide range. Proposals were given on specific research and development themes and plans that begin in fiscal 1999. (NEDO)

  6. FY 1999 report on the study of the future course, etc. of 'the basic survey for promotion of Joint Implementation, etc.'; 1999 nendo 'kyodo jisshi nado suishin kiso chosa' no kongo no hokosei nado ni kansuru kento chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    The paper conducted the demonstration of the multiplier effect of 'the model project for heightening of the international energy consumption efficiency, etc.' carried out by NEDO and its subsidiary project, 'the project on the basic survey for promotion of Joint Implementation (JI),' and the comparative study between these projects and the JI/CDM projects proposed in the world. In the quantitative evaluation of the multiplier effect, in the case of making the demonstration of the same technology in the same area both in the model project and the basic survey for promotion of JI, it becomes possible to grasp the CO2 reduction effect with high accuracy, but the CO2 reducible amount is small. Inversely, as to the technology for which the basic survey for promotion of JI is studied, but the model project is not carried out, it becomes possible to grasp the CO2 reduction effect with low accuracy, the CO2 reducible amount is large. In the comparison with the JI/CDM projects proposed in the world, the CO2 reduction amount was approximately $2.7 billion, 250 million tons, in the UNFCCC project, and approximately $5.0 billion, 500 million tons, in the IJ project. There was no very big difference in the cost effect. (NEDO)

  7. FY 2000 International energy use rationalization project. International technology dissemination project for improving energy consumption efficiency (Green helmet project for steel heating furnaces in Thailand); 2000 nendo kokusai energy shiyo gorika nado taisaku jigyo chosa hokokusho. Kokusai energy shohi koritsuka nado gijutsu fukyu jigyo (Green helmet jigyo (Tai: kozai kanetsuro))

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    The project for energy saving dissemination activities and technological assistance for Thailand is carried out, and the FY 2000 results are reported. For Siam Iron and Steel (SISCO), the experts are dispatched for reviewing the operating conditions of the facilities constructed by the model project, their maintenance and examination, time series diagnosis of the recuperator performance, and providing technical assistance for fuel consumption and high-load combustion of the downstream unit. Furthermore, the site survey and technical assistance are provided for two newly selected Thai steel enterprises, Sahaviriya Steel Industries Public Co. (SSI) and the Bangkok Iron and Steel Works Co. (BISW). For SSI, it is predicted that energy of approximately 50Mcal/ton can be saved by, e.g., enhancement of waste heat recovery, enhancement of heat insulation of skid pipes, introduction of steel discharging temperature prediction system, and combustion control. For BISW, it is predicted that energy of approximately 25Mcal/ton can be saved by, e.g., enhancement of waste heat recovery and reduction of heat loss in the waste gas. (NEDO)

  8. Fiscal 2000 survey report on rationalization project for international energy conservation, technological dissemination project for international energy conservation, and Green Helmet Project. Japan-China alternative energy seminar/waste disposal; 2000 nendo kokusai energy shiyo gorika nado taisaku jigyo, kokusai energy shohi koritsuka nado gijutsu fukyu jigyo, green helmet jigyo chosa hokokusho. Nicchu sekiyu daitai energy seminar haikibutsu shori

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    This paper explains the Japan-China alternative energy seminar (February 28 and March 1, 2001, at Beijing). The purpose of the seminar is to introduce systematic and three-dimensional or land/sea/air measures for waste disposal including recycling in Japan, to provide guidance of measures in improving recognition and methods for waste disposal in China, and also to contribute to the dissemination and promotion of a model project for effectively utilizing waste heat from rubbish incineration, a project being implemented in Harbin City now. The activities of NEDO were introduced, with emphasis placed on a model program, called Green Aid Project, for managing heat from waste incineration. On the subjects of sustainable development, urban environment, and energy, the policy of China's tenth five-year plan was demonstrated, and the treatment of wastes in China was also explained. The present state of waste processing in Japan was introduced, as was its maintenance of the facilities. Concerning Japan's waste processing technologies and characteristics of the equipment, there were presented non-incineration processing including crushing/separating, RDF, compost, methane fermentation, etc.; incineration plants; and each of the technologies such as combustion, exhaust gas, ash treatment, use of remaining heat, and gasification melting. (NEDO)

  9. Fiscal 2000 report on cooperative basic project on international energy consumption improvement/International conference project such as IPCC. International Symposium on the Kyoto Mechanisms; 2000 nendo kokusai energy shohi koritsuka nado kyoryoku kiso jigyo / IPCC nado kokusai kaigi jigyo Kyoto mechanism ni kansuru symposium hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-06-01

    The above-named symposium was held at United Nations University in the period April 12-13, 2001, and the conference is outlined in this report. The symposium aimed to contribute to the progress of international rule making and to the enhancement of mutual understanding through the exchange of views and opinions by negotiators representing their countries over the Kyoto mechanisms, the rule of emissions trading in particular, and through the analysis of negotiators' options; to discuss how international rules should be from a practical viewpoint with the participation of people related to the market or industries and engaged actively in the implementation of the mechanisms; to enrich Japanese people's knowledge about the mechanisms and to enhance their understanding of greenhouse gas emissions reduction techniques making use of the mechanism of the market; and so forth. The conference included Session 1: Current status of international negotiations and views from parties, Session 2: Toward credible and workable scheme of the mechanisms (Parts 1 and 2), and Session 3: Emissions trading - Outstanding issues and options. (NEDO)

  10. FY 1999 survey report on the survey of destruction technology of HFC, etc. for rationalization of energy use. Survey of the actual state of use/recovery/emissions of HFC, etc.; 1999 nendo energy shiyo gorika HFC nado hakai shori gijutsu chosa hokokusho. HFC nado shiyo kaishu haishutsu jittai chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    This survey was aimed at collecting the basic data for studying a possibility of conversion of the recovery system of refrigerant freons, mostly DFC, into HFC, etc., which has been proceeded with in Japan. Of HFCs, PFCs and SF{sub 6} used for survey, only SF{sub 6} is now being recovered and processed. As to HFCs, HFC-134a was arranged, and the recovery/destruction to meet users' handling methods are requested because of the diverse usage and users. The points of the control of emissions of chemical substances into the atmosphere are the decrease in number of times of transport/filling-up at the time of materials handling and the closed system in plants and installation. If considering the heightening of efficiency of materials flow, requested are the decrease in number of times of transport/filling-up, the increase in quantity received by users, and measures to be taken for leakage at the time of receiving. In relation to the conversion of the recovery system of refrigerant freons, mainly CFC, into HFC, etc., all the industries concerned with the generation of the used substances to the materials flow have to promote the technical development for the structure and recovery in cooperation with each other. (NEDO)

  11. Research and development of utilization technology of solar thermal system for industrial and other use. Development of passive solar system (research and development of advanced glazing); Sangyoyo nado solar system jitsuyoka gijutsu kaihatsu. Passive solar system no kaihatsu (chokozai nado no kenkyu kaihatsu (advanced grazing no kenkyu kaihatsu))

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Takita, M [New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization, Tokyo (Japan)

    1994-12-01

    Described herein are the results of the FY1994 research program for advanced glazing in which solar energy is efficiently utilized. The peripheral techniques are surveyed for evaluation of characteristics of large-size dimming glass, optimization of film compositions and scaling up. The dimming device, made on a trial basis, attains a target controllable rage of at least 50% for visible light transmittance. The suitable components include WO3 as the electrochromic material producing color under a reducing atmosphere, NiO as the counter electrode producing color under an oxidative atmosphere, and hydrated SbOx as the proton-conducting electrolyte. The test results indicate possibility of the dimming glass stably operable while being irradiated with a quantity of sun ray of around 10 years. The study on scaling up the dimmer glass develops, on a trial basis, a process for producing large-size glass and evaluates its characteristics, where the film parameters are investigated. It also investigates the peripheral techniques for assembling the devices for the large-size glass, and develops useful techniques, such as those for sealants and improved sealing methods. 1 fig., 1 tab.

  12. Fiscal 2000 report on cooperative basic project on international energy consumption improvement/International conference project such as IPCC. International Symposium on the Kyoto Mechanisms; 2000 nendo kokusai energy shohi koritsuka nado kyoryoku kiso jigyo / IPCC nado kokusai kaigi jigyo Kyoto mechanism ni kansuru symposium hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-06-01

    The above-named symposium was held at United Nations University in the period April 12-13, 2001, and the conference is outlined in this report. The symposium aimed to contribute to the progress of international rule making and to the enhancement of mutual understanding through the exchange of views and opinions by negotiators representing their countries over the Kyoto mechanisms, the rule of emissions trading in particular, and through the analysis of negotiators' options; to discuss how international rules should be from a practical viewpoint with the participation of people related to the market or industries and engaged actively in the implementation of the mechanisms; to enrich Japanese people's knowledge about the mechanisms and to enhance their understanding of greenhouse gas emissions reduction techniques making use of the mechanism of the market; and so forth. The conference included Session 1: Current status of international negotiations and views from parties, Session 2: Toward credible and workable scheme of the mechanisms (Parts 1 and 2), and Session 3: Emissions trading - Outstanding issues and options. (NEDO)

  13. Fiscal 1999 technical survey report. Basic project on international cooperation on energy consumption improvement, etc. (Japan International Cooperation Center project on promotion of exchange of specialists); 1999 nendo kokusai energy shohi koritsuka nado kyoryoku kiso jigyo / kokusai energy shohi koritsuka chosa nado kyoryoku kiso jigyo chosa hokokusho. Kokusai kyoryoku center jigyo suishin senmonka koryu sokushin jigyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-09-01

    Specialist related to the governments of Thailand, Malaysia, and Indonesia where NEDO (New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization) implements its model projects were invited. They exchanged opinions with officials of the Japanese Government and affiliated organizations over measures for effective energy utilization. Opinions were also exchanged over the response of energy-consuming industries, development of technologies, and the status of their adoption. Activities of government-related participants are described below. Under a Model Project for Utilization of Waste Heat from Incineration of Industrial Waste at Industrial Estate, five Thai people with Industrial Estate of Thailand visited Ministry of International Trade and Industry, NEDO, NKK Corporation, Toyota Motor Corporation, and Keiyo Food Industrial Park. Under a model project on the recovery of waste heat from paper sludge incineration, four Malaysian people with Ministry of Energy, Communications and Multimedia or with Energy Center visited Ministry of International Trade and Industry, NEDO, NKK Corporation, Toyota Motor Corporation, and Japan Paperboard Industries Co., Ltd. Under a model project on the utilization of paper sludge and solid waste, four Indonesian people with Ministry of Industry and Trade or with Ministry of Mines and Energy visited Ministry of International Trade and Industry, NEDO, Babcock-Hitachi K.K., and Oji Paper Co., Ltd. (NEDO)

  14. Report for fiscal 1999 on the international and fundamental cooperation project for energy consumption efficiency improvement and the international conference project such as IPCC. The meetings of IPCC specialists and IPCC symposiums; 1999 nendo kokusai energy shohi koritsuka nado kyoryoku kiso jigyo / IPCC nado kokusai kaigi jigyo. IPCC senmonka kaigo oyobi IPCC symposium hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-10-01

    This paper reports the meetings of specialists and the symposiums by the inter-governmental panels for climate change (IPCC) in fiscal 1999. Three working groups were established for evaluation on climate change from scientific aspects, evaluation on effects and countermeasures from socio-economic aspects, and evaluation on mitigation measures from socio-economic aspects. The working groups have started preparing the third evaluation reports. Common problems are handled in a unified framework as the traversable problems. Specialist meetings are held for several important themes. Especially for the cost problems, preparation of a guidance paper has started, that include the costs and benefits by territories and departments. The themes for the specialist meetings include: cost problems related to effects and countermeasures for climate change and mitigation measures; the IPCC activities for the cost evaluation in the past and an outline of the traversable problems; problems in effects, applicable measures, and mitigation measures; and unification of the cost evaluations. The themes for the symposiums are the frontier line of the climate change problems, and include the outline of IPCC, the current status and issues in the working groups and the special reports for each group. (NEDO)

  15. FY 2000 report on the basic survey to promote Joint Implementation, etc. Prevention of emissions of gasoline vapor from oil depots in Indonesia; 2000 nendo kyodo jisshi nado suishin kiso chosa hokokusho. Indonesia sekiyu kichi nado kara no gasoline joki hoshutsu no boshi

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    A field survey was conducted of oil shipment depots in Java and Bali islands owned by Indonesia's state-run oil company to study measures for reduction in greenhouse effect gas emissions. Studies were made on the grasp of the amount of the hydrocarbon vapor emitted into the air, the amount of the gasoline recovered in case of adopting the vapor emission preventive technology, equipment cost/operational cost, etc. Concretely, the following three were studied: change of the gasoline storage tank to the inner floating roof type, and prevention of evaporation loss at the time of receiving and breathing loss caused by temperature changes; replacement with the vapor recovery type loading arm to recover gasoline vapor generated at the time of shipment/filling, and installation of the vapor recovery unit to recover vapor as gasoline; vapor balance system to recover in underground tank the gasoline vapor generated at the time of filling gasoline at gas station. As a result of the study, the recovered gasoline amount was 66,393 Kl/y and the CO2 reduction amount was 14,474 t/y at oil shipment depots and approximately 650 gasoline stations in Jakarta and Surabaya. (NEDO)

  16. FY 1999 report on the results of the investigation of feasibility of joint implementation promotion through plant-related technology transfer to Central/Eastern European countries; 1999 nendo Chu Too nado chiiki ni okeru plant yushutsugata gijutsu iten wo tsujita kyodo jisshi nado suishin kanosei ni kansuru chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    Feasibility of joint implementation promotion through plant-related technology transfer is investigated for 15 Central and Eastern European countries. Emissions of the greenhouse effect gases can be relatively easily abated in these countries by improving energy utilization efficiency, because they have more advanced infrastructures than developing countries, and are behind the developed countries in modernization of the facilities. Therefore, European and North American countries have been positively promoting the AIJ programs in these countries, and there are fierce competitions for promising projects. It will be necessary for Japan to provide public loans, e.g., environmental yen loans, to promote the plant-related JI/CDM projects in these countries. Many of these countries have not drawn plans for reducing emissions of the greenhouse effect gases, and expect establishment of the international cooperation systems for exchanging information related to global warming problems, and introducing the Japanese technologies and policies. (NEDO)

  17. Report on the achievements in the Sunshine Project in fiscal 1987. Collection of data from coal liquefaction processes, and development of a disposal system; 1987 nendo sekitan ekika process nado no data no shushu, shori system nado no kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1988-03-01

    The present study is intended to investigate the current status of the information control system in the coal liquefaction technology development project, and structure a coal liquefaction database system to manage and utilize comprehensively the items of information provided by the system. Section 2 shows the result of epitomizing opinions on the purpose of the coal liquefaction database by means of a questionnaire survey to NEDO, and opinions of people of experience and academic standing. Section 3 depicts the basic conception of a coal database total system. Section 4 summarizes the conceptual idea of the fundamental database by washing out the data input and output, and the contents recorded in the database. Section 5 summarizes the basic sub-system required for management and utilization of the database, and different application systems for data analysis required in each stage of performing the coal liquefaction technology development, and for operation assistance. Section 6 summarizes a general technological information retrieval system, in which general information on coal liquefaction is recorded, processed, and registered and accumulated in the database, and then the information retrieval and the original information providing service are carried out. Section 7 summarizes philosophies on development and operation of the coal liquefaction database, operating institutions, and problems to be solved. (NEDO)

  18. Project for rationalization measures for international energy conservation. Model project concerning efficient consumption of energy for international energy conservation (Model project of waste heat recovery on billet reheating furnace); 1999 nendo kokusai energy shiyo gorika nado taisaku jigyo seika hokokusho. Kokusai energy shohi koritsuka nado model jigyo (kozai kanetsuro hainetsu kaishu model jigyo)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    For the purpose of curtailing energy consumption in the steel industry, a heavy energy consuming industry in Thailand, a model project was carried out for waste heat recovery on a billet reheating furnace, with the fiscal 1999 results compiled. This model project is to install a high efficiency recuperator and the latest combustion control system in the existing furnace in a SISCO (The Siam Iron and Steel Co., Ltd.) plant in Thailand. This year, following the preceding year, the construction manual was prepared, as were the test run manual, performance verification manual, operation and maintenance manual, etc. Supervisors were also dispatched to the site, giving guidance of the installation work, test run and the demonstrative operation, on the basis of these documents. Operation for verifying performance of the equipment was implemented on November 17, 1999, with the intended results obtained. Subsequently, operation maintenance instructors were dispatched, with energy saving effect proved through the collection/analysis of operation data and monitoring, for example. Further, as the dissemination activities, pamphlets and videos were prepared, and seminars were held, among others. (NEDO)

  19. Report on the fiscal 1993 investigational study of the environmental technology development trend in Japan. Trend survey of the introduction policy of environmentally friendly products; 1993 nendo Nippon ni okeru kankyo gijutsu kaihatsu doko nado ni kansuru chosa kenkyu hokokusho. Kankyo chowagata seihin no donyu hosaku nado doko chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1994-05-01

    An investigation was conducted into the systematical scheme for the introduction and promotion of environmentally friendly products mostly to the U.S., Europe and China. In the U.S., the introduction policy is given to one and all fields of the industry. The introduction policy of the U.S. has a characteristic that the introduction is left to the market principle by DSM or permit dealing, etc. except the preferential tax system and systematical finance in which the government is concerned. The policy of European countries is characterized by the idea preceding, standards or rules are first given, and the whole is pushed on to them. Accordingly, it seems that there is few atmosphere of expecting to receive the government side economic incentives from the corporate side. Legal regulations on the environment in China were prepared in a comparatively early time (1979), but the supervision of obeying the regulations and the appearance/spread of environmentally friendly product menus have just started. Accordingly, as the introduction policy on environmentally friendly products, there was found nothing valuable but the regulations. 12 refs., 3 figs., 15 tabs.

  20. Report on achievement in researching aids for practical application of recycling technologies in fiscal 1998. Development of a technology to treat hard-to-decompose chemical substances in incineration ash; 1998 nendo recycle gijutsu nado jitsuyoka shien kenkyu seika hokokusho. Shokyakubaichu no nanbunkaisei kagaku busshitsu nado no shori gijutsu no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-05-01

    This paper describes development of a technology to decompose dioxins in incineration fly ash. Experiments were carried out during fiscal 1998 by using a bench-scale plant and a laboratory-scale plant of the installed supercritical water treatment equipment designed and fabricated in fiscal 1997. With the bench-scale plant, operation methods were discussed, whereas high temperature and pressure operation of 25 MPa and a temperature internal to the reactor of 350 degrees C were achieved. An alcohol combustion test and a preliminary slurry delivery test were also performed. With the laboratory-scale plant, operating methods were discussed, and combustion tests were carried out by using different organic matters as fuels for the supercritical water oxidation reactor. Investigations were executed on the effects of reactive operation parameters on organic matter decomposition rates, produced gas compositions, and reactor wall temperatures. The intensity of hydrogen bond between solvent and water has decreased to almost half of the normal temperature and pressure water in the vicinity of the critical point. However, strong interaction still remained in terms of per unit density. A portable equipment (650 degrees C and 25 MPa at the maximum, and standard treatment quantity of dry fly ash of 1 kg/h) was operated for demonstration. Operation methods and organic matter decomposition characteristics were identified in alcohol operation and slurry operation. (NEDO)

  1. Report on the achievements in the Sunshine Project in fiscal 1988. Development of a collection and processing system for data of the coal liquefaction process; 1988 nendo sekitan ekika process nado no data no shushu, shori system nado no kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1989-03-01

    Storing and managing comprehensively a huge amount of data acquired in developing the coal liquefaction technologies would greatly contribute to moving forward the development of the coal liquefaction technologies, and realizing a commercial plant being the ultimate goal. It is intended to investigate the current status of information management systems used for development projects being implemented or planned in developing the coal liquefaction technologies. It is also intended to structure a coal liquefaction database system to utilize comprehensively and effective the information discovered by the above investigation. The current fiscal year has performed developments on the following items to structure a coal liquefaction database system by using a computer: (1) conceptual design of the fundamental database, and (2) basic design on a general technological information retrieval system. The development during the current fiscal year established a method to classify levels of data accommodation for the fundamental database based on the investigation and analysis of the experimental data. In addition, with regard to the general technological information retrieval system, summarization was performed on the specifications of the hardware and software, the basic configuration, the input and output specifications, and the retrieval screens. (NEDO)

  2. Fiscal 2000 strategic surveys for respective technical fields. Hydrogen-based energy working group (Analysis of project results relating to hydrogen technology); 2000 nendo bun'yabetsu senryaku chosa hokokusho. Suisokei energy WG (Suiso kanren gijutsu ni kakawaru jigyo seika tou bunseki chosa)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Attention is focused on the molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC) technology which has enjoyed the largest number of industrial property applications out of hydrogen-related technologies under development by NEDO (New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization). The patent application is utilized as a tool for analysis, and endeavors are made to systematize and then analyze the correlations between the tasks to discharge and the results of studies in the process of MCFC development. Findings are described below. It is quite difficult to specify the technology involved by the study of patent abstracts. Since an applicant for patent is inclined to describe the application so that it will cover an extensive scope (or, so that the patent will be taken in a broad sense), it takes much time for researchers other than the applicant to specify the field of technological studies where the application originates. Such being the case, it cannot be easily determined whether or not a patent applied for by a private-sector corporation has its origin in a NEDO-implemented project. In addition, it is found that there is not necessarily a correlationship between the importance of a research and development goal and the number of patents generated. (NEDO)

  3. Survey report of FY 1997 on the long-term energy technology strategy. Survey on the pre-assessment system of energy and environmental technology research and development; 1997 nendo chosa hokokusho (choki energy gijutsu senryaku chosa). Energy kankyo gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu no jizen hyoka ni kansuru chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    To select projects of the New Sunshine Program which is the locomotive for Japan`s research and development of energy and environmental technologies and to map out the Program`s long-term strategy, it is required to develop an effective methodology of assessing research and development themes. It is also necessary to establish the pre-assessment system which makes the assessment process more logical and which will enable the priority setting among different themes on the basis of objective and quantitative analysis. Additionally, transparency should be ensured for such a pre-assessment process through disclosure to the public and other means. The present survey aims to concretize the pre-assessment system by studying the system and techniques of an assessment system which is applicable to the research and development themes of the New Sunshine Program and is objective, quantitative and logical and which can ensure transparency and by receiving suggestions on the pre-assessment of Japan`s research and development of energies and environmental technologies through research on overseas trends of government-led research and development. 3 refs., 7 figs., 26 tabs.

  4. Report on the surveys in fiscal 1999 on the long term energy technology strategy investigations. Investigations on evaluation on impact of research and development investments, and optimal resource distribution; 1999 nendo choki energy gijutsu senryaku chosa hokokusho. Kenkyu kaihatsu toshi no impact hyoka oyobi saiteki shigen haibun ni kansuru chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    This paper is a survey report for fiscal 1999 related to investigations on evaluation on impact (influential effect) of research and development investments, and on optimal resource distribution. First, a quantification analysis was performed on the impact imposed by the New Sunshine Project having been executed in the past. The analysis used as the base the regressive analysis between the project techno-stock (an index of the project budget amount depleted by a certain obsoletion rate after having been substantiated and aggregated) and the number of theses. In a case where time-series data can be obtained on the quantity of practical application, the regressive analysis was also performed between the number of theses and the quantity of practical application. A large number of projects are stimulating research and development activities of the subject themes of all about Japan. Some are imposing great influential effect on the practical application. In addition, it was found that emphasized and concentrated investment cases in the initial stage of a project have high influential effect. As a budget distribution pattern, the concentrated and emphasized investments in the initial stage of a project are more effective than investing dispersedly over an extended period of time. Suggestions were acquired on the future budget distribution. (NEDO)

  5. ¿Alcoholismo en Galicia: un camiño sen esperanza?

    OpenAIRE

    Folgar de la Calle, José María; Martín Sánchez, Rita

    2012-01-01

    O alcoholismo en Galicia é un mal endémico, polo que os enfermos non son considerados marxi­ nados. Os dous filmes que comentamos tentan chamar a atención e concienciar á sociedade sobre o carácter atípico deste problema.

  6. "It's not the size of the ship…"

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christiansen, Ask Vest; Gleaves, John

    2013-01-01

    the challenge and reflected upon the conference theme "What do we (really) know about doping?" in their presentations. Not only as regards to the reliability of official statistics and the information that flows from organisations, NADOs and other stakeholders in sport, but also the more demanding task...

  7. Simulation of the Tornado Event of 22 March, 2013 over ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2013-03-22

    Mar 22, 2013 ... nagar and Akhaura upazila of Brahmanbaria district (DMIC 2013). Other damages of this tor- nado event were the damages and/or collapses of electric lines and poles, boundary wall, entrance gate, communication systems, breaking down of numerous trees, etc. The location of Brahmanbaria. (23.95.

  8. School Principals and Racism: Responding to Aveling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Charles, Claire; Mahoney, Caroline; Fox, Brandi; Halse, Christine

    2016-01-01

    This study responds to Nado Aveling's call in "Anti-racism in Schools: A question of leadership?" ("Discourse: Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education," 2007, 28(1), 69-85) for further investigation into racism in Australian schools. Aveling's interview study concluded that an overwhelming number of school principals…

  9. FY 1999 report on the survey of the overseas geological structure, etc. Japan-Indonesia joint Tanjung Enim coal exploration project; 1999 nendo kaigai chishitsu kozo nado chosa hokokusho. Nippon Indonesia sekitan kyodo tansa Tanjung Enim project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    The paper summed up the FY 1999 results of the survey conducted based on the agreement on the Tanjung Enim IV coal exploration project which was concluded between NEDO and Indonesia's Ministry of Mining Energy. The survey was made for an area of approximately 40km{sup 2} which is a north block of the south Arahan region, Tanjung Enim, South Sumatra, Indonesia. To grasp the succession of strata/rock facies/geological structure and the state of existence of the coal seams to be drilled, surveys were conducted on ground surface and boreholes. A total of 10 holes was test-drilled, and all the boreholes were physically logged. As a result of the survey, each of A1, A2, B, C and E coal seams was confirmed as main seams. A1, A2 and B seams are low in ash and sulfur contents with heating values of approximately 4,800 kcal/kg, C seam is high in sulfur content, and E seam is high in heating value, 6,000 kcal/kg. As coal seams for open pit mining, existence of A, B and C seams is expected which lay in the shallow part from ground surface to sea level of 0m and in the range of depth of approximately 100m. The proved coal reserves of these coals were estimated at 189 million tons. (NEDO)

  10. Confirmation study of the effectiveness of prospect techniques for deep geothermal resources. Deep-seated geothermal resources survey report (Fiscal year 1993); 1993 nendo chinetsu tansa gijutsu nado kensho chosa. Shinbu chinetsu shigen chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-03-01

    Drilling and survey of deep geothermal exploration wells were conducted in order to grasp the existing situation of deep geothermal resource and the whole image of geothermal systems in the area where geothermal resource was already developed. Following fiscal 1992, the well was drilled in fiscal 1993 down to depths of 605m-1505m, and a 13-3/8 inch casing was inserted down to a depth of 1500m. In the drilling, four cores including oriented cores were sampled, and microscopic observation, X-ray diffraction analysis, fluid inclusion survey, core property test, etc. were conducted. In the FMI logging, detected were 273 bedding planes, 483 fractures, etc. Further made were a velocity structure survey, a gravity survey in the area of 270 km{sup 2} including deep exploration wells, a quality survey of the Kakkonda river water, etc. As to geothermal structure models in the Kakkonda area, results of the drilling were added to prediction models before drilling deep exploration wells, but the revision was not very much. Besides, studies were made of a survey method using microearthquakes, a survey technique using resistivity, etc. 61 refs., 259 figs., 95 tabs.

  11. FY 1998 report on the verification survey of geothermal exploration technology, etc. 1/2. Survey of deep geothermal resource; 1998 nendo chinetsu tansa gijutsu nado kensho chosa hokokusho. 1/2. Shinbu chinetsu shigen chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-12-01

    For the purpose of commercializing deep geothermal resource, a deep exploration well of 4000m class was drilled in the existing geothermal development area to survey the situation of deep geothermal resource existence and the availability. Concretely, the deep geothermal exploration well was drilled for study in the Kakkonda area, Shizukuishi town, Iwate prefecture, to clarify the situation of deep geothermal resource existence and the whole image of geothermal system. Consideration was made of the deep geothermal exploration method, systematization of deep high temperature drilling technology, and availability of deep geothermal resource. The results of the survey were summed up as follows: 1) general remarks; 2) deep exploration well drilling work; 3) details of the study. 1) and 2) were included in this report, and 3) in the next report. In 1), the items were as follows: the study plan/gist of study execution, the details and results of the deep geothermal resource survey, the outline of the deep exploration well drilling work, and the outline of the results of the FY 1998 study. In 2), the drilling work plan/the actual results of the drilling work were summed up. As to the results of the study, summarized were the acquisition of survey data on deep exploration well, heightening of accuracy of the deep geothermal resource exploration method, etc. (NEDO)

  12. Fiscal 2000 report on financially supported geological structure survey overseas. Basic survey for coal resource exploitation (Research on underground probing technology); 2000 nendo kaigai chishitsu kozo chosahi nado hojokin (sekitan shigen kaihatsu kiso chosa) konai tansa gijutsu chosa hokokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    For the work of searching for coal beds, comparison is made between the geological structure of the object area, which is predicted, before actual investigation, by a close scrutiny of the result of oceanic pilot boring conducted in the past, result of geophysical exploration, and the geological features of galleries already in presence in the vicinity, and the result obtained from galleries drilled actually for the investigation. The investigation was conducted at the Ikeshima coal mine, Nagasaki Prefecture. In this fiscal year, 5 investigation galleries were drilled, totalling 1640m in length, and, in the mine, geological surveys, survey and measurement, coal quality evaluation, water emergence investigation, boring for coal, etc., were carried out. Comparison was made, and, though in the 2nd Minami No. 06 air duct there was no important difference detected between the prediction and the actual result, some faults were found to exist which had not been predicted by seismic exploration on the ocean. In the 2nd Minami No. 5 air duct, the actual geology was not different from the predicted geology, this endorsing the usefulness of boring for coal. In the 2nd Minami No. 01 gallery, direction and inclination were not greatly different from what had been predicted, but some faults which had not been predicted were discovered. These faults had escaped the scrutiny of neighboring coal beds and pilot boring. (NEDO)

  13. Fiscal 1997 report on the cooperative research on the preservation and sustainable utilization of biological diversification; Seibutsu tayosei hozen to jizokuteki riyo nado ni kansuru kenkyu kyoryoku (1997 nendo hokokusho)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    Cooperative researches were conducted between Japan and Thailand, Indonesia and Malaysia for the purpose of the technology development to make developing countries themselves preserve bioresources existing in tropical forests and use those sustainably. The research subjects for Thailand are a strategical study on eating of the primates, improvement of a microorganism culture collection system, preservation of biological diversification using an artificial ecosystem, bioresource utilization, etc. The subjects for Indonesia are a study of a microorganism culture collection system, study of plant preservation technology, study of microorganism utilization technology, study of plant utilization technology, promotion of the founding of the Indonesia tropical bioresource information center, etc. The subjects for Malaysia are biological diversification database and gene bank, assessment/monitoring of the ocean ecosystem, assessment and inventory of the ecosystem using hi-tech technology, search/separation of bioactive substances originated from microorganism/plant, etc. 26 refs., 24 figs., 81 tabs.

  14. Fiscal 1998 research report. Popularization project of the proper treatment technology of industrial wastes in Asian regions; 1998 nendo chosa hokokusho. Asia chiiki sangyo haikibutsu tekiseika shori gijutsu nado fukyu sokushin jigyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    Study was made on popularization of the proper treatment technology of industrial wastes in Asian regions. In principle, industrial wastes should be recycled in a country concerned, however, because of a difference in technology and industrial location, treatment of all industrial wastes in a country concerned is impossible. International cooperation is thus indispensable to promote proper efficient practical measures for environment. For studying the possibility of the international cooperation between Japan and Asian countries concerned for further recognition and solution of industrial waste problems, 'International Symposium on the Asian Industrial Waste Issue' have been held in Tokyo since 1997 for governmental staffs. In fiscal 1998, Malaysia was invited in addition to China, Philippines and Thailand for popularization of the proper treatment and recycling of industrial wastes in Asian regions. In every Asian countries, poor collection of discharge, treatment and disposal data is an obstacle to effective treatment. Technical cooperation and financial support by developed countries are demanded. (NEDO)

  15. Report for fiscal 1998 on industrial waste optimized treatment technologies dissemination and promotion business for asian region. Holding a symposium; 1998 nendo chosa hokokusho. Asia chiiki sangyo haikibutsu tekiseika shori gijutsu nado fukyu sokushin jigyo (symposium kaisai)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    An International Symposium on the Asian Industrial Waste Issue was held in Tokyo on 4 February 1999, where lectures were delivered by participants representing China, the Philippines, Thailand, Malaysia, and Japan. More 150 people attended the event, with questions and answered animatedly exchanged between the lecturers and the audience. The progress of urbanization is quite rapid in China, with the quantity of waste increasing every years to justify the anticipation that there will be a very sharp increase in refuse incineration in the near future. Raising a serious problem in China these days is the plastic waste. In the Philippines, there are no private-sector waste treatment/disposal facilities and corporations are not obliged to take care of their waste. Consequently, very little treatment or recycling is being undertaken. In Thailand, although waste treatment/disposal centers are in operation financed by the Government and private sectors, the cost is very high, and the Government policy is that private investment will be encouraged and supported in future. In Malaysia, privatization is in progress of the business of managing waste in the solidified form. A comprehensive waste treatment/disposal plant was completed in 1998 by the endeavors of a Denmark-Malaysia consortium, and is in operation since then. (NEDO)

  16. Basic investigation on promotion of joint implementation in fiscal 2000. Survey on energy saving and CO2 emission reduction in Cilacap Refinery; 2000 nendo kyodo jisshi nado suishin kiso chosa hokokusho. Cilacap seiyusho ni okeru shoene CO2 sakugen chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    With an objective of saving energy and reducing greenhouse gas emission, a basic survey has been performed on the atmospheric crude oil distillation units and the high vacuum distillation units at Cilacap Refinery in Indonesia. The first site survey in September 2000 has carried out a survey on the situation of the facilities and operation upon obtaining the facility data and operation information from Pertamina. As a result, it was revealed that there is a room of improvement in the heat recovery, whereas a modification design was executed on the improvement proposals on the heat exchanger system. However, the second site survey in November 2000 has revealed that Pertamina had executed in 1998 through 1999 the de-bottlenecking project on the crude oil atmospheric distillation units (two units) and the high vacuum distillation units (two units), by which the capability has been expanded, and the heat recovery rate has been increased. It is not possible to look for extremely large enhancement of the heat recovery rate beyond that point, and the reduction of CO2 emission would also be small. As a result of discussions, the present project was found capable of reducing annually the CO2 emission by 36,500 tons. (NEDO)

  17. Report on fiscal 1999 survey for geothermal exploration technology verification. Survey of deep-seated geothermal resources; 1999 nendo chinetsu tansa gijutsu nado kensho chosa hokokusho. Shinbu chinetsu shigen chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    To promote the development of deep-seated geothermal resources in a rationalized way, studies were conducted about deep-seated geothermal resource assessment techniques, development guidelines, and the like. For the development of techniques for estimating deep-seated geothermal reservoir parameters, the Uenotai district, Akita Prefecture, and the Hatchobaru district, Oita Prefecture, were designated as model fields, and a geothermal system conceptual model was fabricated. Data of the two districts were registered in a database. Using these data, verification was performed of the validity of stochastic estimation techniques, large area flow simulation, rock/water equilibrium reaction simulation, and the like. As for the technique of deep-seated resource amount estimation, a simplified reservoir model was experimentally constructed based on parameters determined by the stochastic estimation of deep-seated reservoirs and on the conceptual model, and a method was studied for TOUGH2-based production prediction. Studies were also made about deep-seated geothermal resource development guidelines, such as exploration guidelines, exploration well boring guidelines, and geothermal fluid production guidelines. (NEDO)

  18. FY 1998 report on the results of R and D projects by local consortiums for immediate effects. Development of woody ceramics and application to building parts; 1998 nendo woody ceramics no sosei to kenchiku buzai nado eno oyo seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    The R and D project has been implemented for developing materials for, e.g., light, highly heat-insulating and energy-saving type building parts (e.g., roofing tiles and tiles), and light tableware having warmness of wood. The stock materials for china and porcelain, roofing tile clay, tiles and cement are dispersed with hollow microcapsules as the filler, which are of glassy balloons thermally treated to be highly functional, in order to develop superlight, highly heat insulating and high-strength materials. For development of the woody ceramic materials, the microcapsules are investigated for size, thickness, thermal shrinkage, fusibility, compressive stress, reinforcing mechanisms, and monodispersibility. Also investigated are optimization of material formability, development of commercial ceramics and evaluation of their marketability, decoration techniques, antimicrobial membrane materials and their immobilization techniques, development of antimicrobial ceramic tiles, evaluation of the antimicrobial membranes, evaluation of resistance to microwaves, and so on. The efforts are also directed to researches on fundamental techniques for woody tile clay, and R and D of the application techniques and products of the woody cement. (NEDO)

  19. Report for fiscal 1994 on commissioned operation for research cooperation related to simplified purification system for industrial waste water; 1994 nendo sangyo haisui nado no kan'i joka system ni kansuru kenkyu kyoryoku hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-03-01

    With an objective to serve for environmental preservation in developing countries, joint researches have been performed on anaerobic waste water treatment systems utilizing bio-technology. This paper summarizes the achievements in fiscal 1994. In the research cooperation with Thailand, a reactor applicability test was performed by using a pilot plant to determine the operating conditions, and necessary data were obtained. The pilot plant was completed of installation in November. In the research cooperation with Indonesia, Tofu manufacturing waste water was selected as the object of pilot plant research. In the detailed design the Tofu manufacturing waste water shall be treated anaerobically, and the kitchen waste water shall be treated aerobically to acquire the intended water quality. In the research cooperation with Malaysia, as a result of visiting six industries and 22 factories for investigation, waste waters from chemical and foodstuff factories were selected as the object waste waters for the research. Three researchers from Thailand and Indonesia respectively were received in Japan to provide education including experimental training and visits to waste water treatment facilities. (NEDO)

  20. FY 1999 report on the development of technology to recycle architectural waste materials, glass, etc. Development of technology to recycle architectural waste materials; 1999 nendo kenchiku haizai glass nado recycle gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Kenchiku haizai recycle gijutsu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-09-01

    Waste wood materials in the materials discharged from architectural disassembly were regarded as a potential wood resource, and the R and D of the technology to recycle these were conducted. Studies were made on the technology to finely grind waste wood materials, technology to compress/form waste wood materials and ground wood powder, verification of strength characteristics/dimension stability of the formed wood materials, etc. As to the wood materials which were badly degraded under ultra violet rays, they were coloring-processed by the steam treatment, and a possibility of coating substitution was confirmed. In relation to the technology to produce compressed wood materials, the optimization of heat treatment conditions was experimentally conducted. About the technology to give dimensional stability, dimensional stability was improved as a result of the improvement of chemicals feeding and the development of chemically processed drugs. In the development of light formed products, the board was successfully formed which is light in weight using lignocelluloses/inorganic hydrates and has the bending strength higher than that of the plaster board. In the development of interior materials, the technology was developed in which ground wood powder and thermo-plastic resin are mixed for die molding, and the OA floor using this was commercialized. (NEDO)

  1. Basic investigation on promotion of joint implementation in fiscal 2000. Efficiency improvement and energy conservation at Uong Bi power plant; 2000 nendo kyodo jisshi nado suishin kiso chosa hokokusho. Uong Bi hatsudensho no koritsuka to sho energy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Discussions have been given on energy conservation, and reduction in greenhouse gas emission through efficiency improvement at the Uong Bi coal burning power plant in Vietnam. The Uong Bi power plant, which has become using coal of lower quality than the design value, has had incomplete combustion, resulting in increase of unburned components in ash, and decrease of the boiler efficiency to 65 to 70%. Clinker hopper troubles have been occurring frequently, causing plant shutdown at a number of times. The turbine efficiency also shows as very low value as 26 to 27%. The plan has envisaged replacement of combustion parts of the boilers, withdrawal and replacement of the turbine generation systems, new installation of electric dust collectors, modification of the ash treatment system, additional installation of the re-circulation system, new installation of waste water treatment facilities, and modification of the waste water treatment equipment in the plant premises. As a result of the discussions, the annual energy saving quantity was found to be 62,936 tons of crude oil equivalent for the case where only one turbine is renewed, and 93,298 tons for the case where both of the two turbines are renewed. The annual reduction quantity of the greenhouse gas emission was found to be 251,215 tons and 372,402 t-CO2, respectively. (NEDO)

  2. Fiscal 1997 verification and survey of geothermal prospecting technology etc. 2/2. Survey report on deep-seated geothermal resources; 1997 nendo chinetsu tansa gijutsu nado kensho chosa hokokusho. 2/2. Shinbu chinetsu shigen chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-02-01

    For the purpose of reducing the risk to accompany the exploitation of deep-seated geothermal resources, investigations are conducted into the three factors that govern the formation of geothermal resources at deep levels, that is, the supply of heat from heat sources, the supply of geothermal fluids, and the development of fracture systems contributing to the constitution of reservoir structures. In the evaluation and study of reservoirs and the amount of resources, a reservoir simulation is conducted to grasp the characteristics of reservoirs and the amount of resources. For this purpose, the origin and history of the Kakkonda geothermal field are studied, with special attention paid to the origin of the difference in temperature between the shallow-seated and deep-seated reservoirs, the geometry of granite at Kakkonda, the region of recharge of meteoric water, the distribution of saline concentration in the natural state and the cause of the occurrence, the amount of supply of fluids and heat from the depth to the reservoirs, etc. In the evaluation and study of the economic effectiveness of the exploitation of deep-seated geothermal resources, it is learned that, if a 50MW geothermal power station is to be built at a deep level (drilled depth of 3000m on the average) with a rate of 50% attained in drilling, the steam amount required at such a deep level (presumed to be 75t/h) will be more than twice that required at a shallow level (presumed to be 35/h). (NEDO)

  3. FY 2000 survey of the geological structure overseas, etc. Japan-China joint coal exploration - Yu Xian project; 2000 nendo kaigai chishitsu kozo nado chosa - futai shiryoshu. Nippon Chugoku sekitan kyodo tansa Yu Xian project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    This data book summarized the proceedings and the technical report of the management committee on the Japan-China geological structure survey based on the consultation concluded between NEDO and China's bureau of coal field geology and a report meeting on the Yu Xian project. In the exploration, conducted were the boring survey of 10 boreholes, seismic survey of 2D (71 traverse lines, 180.105km) and 3D (1.5km{sup 2}), VSP (6 holes (345 shots)) and the low velocity band survey (2,072 shots). The geological structure of the area presented the syncline structure with a gentle line associated with foldings and a number of faults and was classified into the medium class or the class of a little complication in the Chinese standard. The number of the faults confirmed in this exploration totaled 57. Coal reserves by coal seam were 157.22 million tons at No. 5 seam and 102.57 million tons at No. 1 seam. The total amount of the two seams was 79.1% of the total coal amount in all area. The coal quality of Nos. 1 and 5 was brown coal - flame coal in the Chinese classification, and subbituminous coal B - subbituminous coal C in the ASTM classification. The coal, however, cannot be used for process raw coal. There is a technical potentiality of the fixed bed pressurized gasification. (NEDO)

  4. Fiscal 2000 survey report. On-site survey of local state of affairs such as energy efficiency enhancement (Mongolia); 2000 nendo energy shohi koritsuka nado chiiki josei genchi chosa hokokusho. Mongoru

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Information was collected and surveys were conducted in Mongolia in an effort to acquire information necessary for energy related technical cooperation. The results were arranged in four fields which are (1) the current state of economy and the future trend, (2) current state of energy production/consumption and the future trend, (3) current state of power supply/demand and power facilities and the future trend, and (4) the current state of energy efficiency enhancement and the future trend. Mongolia has a population of 2.45 million at a density of 1.57/km{sup 2}, with Ulan Bator the capital inhabited by 0.69-million people. The mean air temperature is -10 degrees C in the period November through March, which makes heating indispensable. Power stations are of the heat and power cogeneration type. Power is supplied by the Eastern, Central, and Western systems, with the Central system producing 80% or more and independent power sources 10%. Its economy has already recovered from the confusion that followed the change of its national constitution. Mongolia's demand for power lingers low, however, and its facilities can produce more electricity than what is now wanted. Energy efficiency enhancing activities should start with the upgrading, reinforcement, and maintenance of the existing facilities and with independent power sources. (NEDO)

  5. Fiscal 1997 verification and survey of geothermal prospecting technology etc. 1/2. Survey report on deep-seated geothermal resources; 1997 nendo chinetsu tansa gijutsu nado kensho chosa hokokusho. 1/2. Shinbu chinetsu shigen chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-02-01

    For the purpose of reducing the risk to accompany the exploitation of deep-seated geothermal resources, investigations are conducted into the three factors that govern the formation of geothermal resources at deep levels, that is, the supply of heat from heat sources, the supply of geothermal fluids, and the development of fracture systems contributing to the constitution of reservoir structures. In fiscal 1997, a fumarolic gas test is conducted at the deep-seated geothermal well WD-1b which was drilled in the preceding fiscal year. In the test, chemical and isotopic characteristics are compared between the fluids of the WD-1b and the other existing deep-seated wells, and it is found that the fluids from the WD1b originates in surface water just like the fluids from the others and that the constitution of its gas is not greatly affected by magmatic fluids. A PTS (Pressure, Temperature, Spinner flowmeter) logging is performed to observe conditions in the well with the fluids being discharged and to know the inflow point and rate the fumarolic fluids, and the result is utilized to presume the 3-dimensional stress in the vicinity of the WD-1. An isotopic measurement of water included in the fluids is conducted to examine the origin of the geothermal fluids, constant observation and analysis of micro-earthquakes are carried out, and the fluid flow and fluid hydraulic characteristics are also studied. (NEDO)

  6. FY 1998 report on the verification survey of geothermal exploration technology, etc. 2/2. Survey of deep geothermal resource; 1998 nendo chinetsu tansa gijutsu nado kensho chosa hokokusho. 2/2. Shinbu chinetsu shigen chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-12-01

    For the purpose of commercializing deep geothermal resource, a deep exploration well of 4000m class was drilled in the existing geothermal development area to survey the situation of deep geothermal resource existence and the availability. Concretely, the deep geothermal exploration well was drilled for study in the Kakkonda area, Shizukuishi town, Iwate prefecture, to clarify the situation of deep geothermal resource existence and the whole image of geothermal system. Consideration was made of the deep geothermal exploration method, systematization of deep high temperature drilling technology, and availability of deep geothermal resource. The results of the survey were summed up as follows: 1) general remarks; 2) deep exploration well drilling work; 3) details of the study. This report contained 3). In 3), the items were as follows: heightening of accuracy of the deep geothermal resource exploration method, making of a geothermal model in the Kakkonda area, study of deep drilling technology, study of deep fluid utilization technology, and making of a guide for deep geothermal resource exploration/development in the Kakkonda area. As to the technology of high temperature deep geothermal well drilling, studies were made of the borehole cooling method, mud water cooling method, survey of deterioration of casing with age, etc. (NEDO)

  7. FY 1999 research cooperation project - the research cooperation on the protection of biodiversity and sustainable use, etc. Follow-up; 1999 nendo seibutsu tayosei hozen to jizokuteki riyo nado ni kansuru kenkyu kyoryoku. Follow up

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    The follow-up for the research cooperation for Indonesia, Malaysia and Thailand was conducted to make it possible that developing countries themselves protect biological resources in the tropical area, etc. and make the sustainable use of biological resources using bio-technology. In Indonesia, the follow-up was to be made for proceeding with the joint study for 'The study on the plant utilization technology - search for useful plant ingredients' reported by Professor Koshimizu, Kinki University. In Malaysia, considering that equipment is enough installed there and research leaders are very excellent, it is considered that the country is suitable for the partner of future joint research on microorganisms with Japan. Moreover, the merit in joint study is the cooperation in study of information system and culture collection. In Thailand, Japan told them that the study theme has to be made smaller toward the culture collection rich in content and the search for useful plants/bacteria. (NEDO)

  8. Research report for fiscal 1998. Basic research for the promotion of joint implementation etc. (Ryazanskaya thermal power station modification program); 1998 nendo kyodo jisshi nado suishin kiso chosa Ryazanskaya karyoku hatsudensho kaishu keikaku chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Under study is the modification of the four antiquated 300MW brown coal-fired power plants of the Ryanzanskaya thermal power station. Under the modification program, the plants will be burning a mixture of 60% coal and 40% natural gas for an increase in efficiency and for a great decrease in greenhouse gas emission. The amount of greenhouse gas emission of 6,858,592 tons/year before the modification will be reduced by 19.4% to 5,532,198 ton/year. The budget for the modification will call for 719,731,700 US dollars. EIRR (economical internal rate of return) is calculated based on the figures provided by the Russian office concerned about the current fuel cost and the current rates for the supply of electricity and heat. It is found that EIRR fluctuates depending on the ruble/dollar exchange rate. Although it does not pay at the current exchange rate, yet, when a US dollar is worth 13.0 rubles, an EIRR of 15% will realize at an availability factor of 70%. The same result is obtained when the availability factor is 80% and a US dollar is worth 14.8 rubles. There is a plan to fire the plants with 100% natural gas in the future. If the plan is implemented, a modification to incorporate gas turbine combined cycle will become feasible. (NEDO)

  9. Report on the site surveys in fiscal 1999 on the regional situations such as energy consumption efficiency improvement. The north-western part of China; 1999 nendo energy shohi koritsuka nado chiiki josei genchi chosa hokokusho. Chugoku seihokubu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    This paper reports the site surveys in fiscal 1999 on the energy consumption efficiency improvement in the north-western part of China. Although blessed with affluent natural resources, the regional development is delayed because of geographical restrictions and harsh climate conditions. Power generation facilities include hydroelectric power plants with output of 7.81 million kW, thermal power plants with 13.89 million kW, and power wind power plants with 70 thousand kW. The demand is estimated to increase by 4.6% annually in average. Thermal power plants are those made by the former Soviet Union, having poor power generation efficiency, which is scheduled to be improved by facility modification. Automation is also behind the times. These situations have brought about low reliability, delay in building electric power network in agricultural districts, and transmission wire loss (reducing 8.1% loss to 6% is planned). The electric power charge systems also have various problems. Environmental measures are also an issue. Dissolution of energy shortage as a result of developing the north-western area can be said a key to the future development of China. Xinjiang Electric Power Company is considering wind power generation as the center of new energy utilization. Representative facilities utilize affluent wind power available in the topography of the Tenzan mountain range in the suburb of Urumqi, the facilities being made of Denmark. Photovoltaic power generation is exiguous in realizability for the time being in terms of cost. Expectation is placed on fuel cells. (NEDO)

  10. Fiscal 1999 international energy conservation model project. Report on result of demonstrative research concerning cement clinker cooling system; 1999 nendo kokusai energy shohi koritsuka nado model jigyo seika hokokusho. Cement clinker reikyaku sochi ni kakawaru jissho kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    For the purpose of reducing energy consumption and CO2 discharge in a cement plant in Indonesia, R and D was conducted on new clinker cooling system, high performance kiln combustion system, and technology for steady kiln operation and control, with the fiscal 1999 results reported. In the research on the optimum clinker cooling system, a new type clinker cooling system (CCS) was developed in which air beams are applied only to stationary grate rows, in an air beam type clinker cooling system where cooling air is fed to each block, with grate plates used as the air duct. This year, in an actual machine testing equipment (capacity 2,500 t/d), the whole heat recuperation area was modified for the CCS, with the operation started since February, 1999, aiming at the optimal clinker cooling effect and high heat recovery efficiency. The heat quantity for the entire system showed a decrease of 60 kcal/kg in the heat consumption rate through CCS modification, kiln burner adjustment, etc. So long as the demonstration plant is concerned, design of a new type burner and study/design for the kiln stabilization were nearly completed. (NEDO)

  11. Basic investigation on promotion of joint implementation in fiscal 2000. Energy conservation and modernization plan for Chhatak Cement Co., Ltd.; 2000 nendo kyodo jisshi nado suishin kiso chosa hokokusho. Chhatak Cement sha shoene, kindaika keikaku

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    With an objective of saving energies and reducing greenhouse gas emission, discussions were given on a modernization plan for the Chhatak cement factory in The People's Republic of Bangladesh. The Chhatak cement factory having a nominal production capability of 267,000 tons a year uses mainly wet-type long kilns of old type, consuming a great amount of natural gas. The present plan has discussed adoption of the Japanese energy saving technologies. The technologies use a vertical roller mill for raw material pulverization, a suspension preheater and a short kiln for clinker sintering, a grate cooler for clinker cooling, and the pre-crushing system. The result of the discussions provided the prospects of reduction in the natural gas consumption at 50%, and reduction of electric power consumption at 16%. This will mean the annual reduction of about 22,000 tons as converted to crude oil. The CO2 reduction amount would reach 51,800 tons a year. The total investment amount would be US$37,327,000. The result of the financial analysis according to the case studies appears severe, wherein reduction of the various expenses is desired possibly by the finance from Japan with generous conditions.(NEDO)

  12. Report on investigations in fiscal 2000 on the basic investigation on promotion of joint implementation. Effective utilization of associated gas as CNG; 2000 nendo kyodo jisshi nado kiso chosa hokokusho. Zuihan gas no CNG to shite no yuko riyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    The Back Ho oilfield is the largest oilfield in Vietnam and at the same time is producing the largest amount of natural gas (associated gas) in Vietnam. Although the majority of the associated gas has been used in the power generation plant, a large amount of surplus gas is not effectively used because of shortage of fund and technologies. Accordingly, a feasibility study has been executed for a project to compress 20% of the associated gas into CNG, and use it effectively as automobile and factory fuel. As a result of the site survey, it was found that, although Vietnam consumes less amount of energy and emits less amount of CO2, the nation has a strong interest and a large amount of knowledge about global warming and CDM because the country is subjected to large effect of warming. Furthermore, it has been reconfirmed that introducing CNG into this territory is highly effective. Discussions have been made on places of installing the facilities, effective surplus gas utilization systems, facility specifications, utilities, and number of workers. Calculations were made on approximate cost of the facilities and the running cost. As a result of the surveys and discussions, it was determined that technological support from Japan and the Yen loan for environment with low interest rate are necessary. (NEDO)

  13. Basic investigation project for energy consumption efficiency improvement in developing countries. Invitation of engineers from developing countries (Vietnam, Philippines, and India); Hatten tojokoku energy shohi koritsuka kiso chosa nado jigyo. Hatten tojokoku gijutsusha shohei jigyo (Betonamu, Philippines, Indo)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    The International Center of Environmental Technology Transfer has invited seven engineers from Vietnam, eight from Philippines and two from India for human resource education project for environmental preservation in developing countries. Those who were invited are administrative officials and engineers who work at administrative agents, research institutes and corporations related to energy conservation and environment preservation. In this invitation program, lecturers were invited from governmental offices, universities and corporations according to their expertise fields to carry out lectures and site training. With respect to energy conservation, lectures were given on a `summary of energy saving methods` by a lecturer invited from the Chubu Governmental Department of Trade and Industry, and on an `introduction to new energies` by Prof. Shimizu at the Engineering Faculty of the Mie University. Both lecturers emphasized the necessity of energy conservation, and importance of new energies as clean energies. The trainees showed strong interest when they visited a `cement factory` and a `coal burning thermal power plant` as the key industries. Their experience would be reflected strongly on guiding operations of factories in their own countries. 56 figs., 15 tabs.

  14. Report on fiscal 2000 survey for geothermal exploration technology verification. Survey of deep-seated geothermal resources; 2000 nendo chinetsu tansa gijutsu nado kensho chosa hokokusho. Shinbu chinetsu shigen chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    To promote the development of deep-seated geothermal resources in a rationalized way, studies are conducted about deep-seated geothermal resource assessment techniques, development guidelines, and the like. Data were collected at the Sumikawa-Onuma district, Ogiri district, Mori district, Yanaizu-Nishiyama district, and the Onikobe district, and compiled into a database to be open to the public. Studies were made about methods for estimating parameters for deep-seated geothermal reservoirs. The resultant findings indicate that, in the Uenotai and Sumikawa-Onuma districts where geothermal reservoirs are governed mainly by a fracture network, the relaxation method and extrapolation will be effective for deep-seated reservoir temperature estimation, and the ascending current analysis method and extrapolation for permeability estimation. The findings also indicate that the expanse of deep-seated reservoirs will be suitably estimated using a method similar to that applied to shallow-seated reservoirs. In the study of the estimation of the amount of deep-seated geothermal resources, it is concluded that the simplified model A will be effective in dealing with a geothermal district where there is a well-developed fracture network and the simplified model B in dealing with a geothermal district where supply of deep-seated fluid governed by an extensive fault prevails. (NEDO)

  15. FY 2000 report on the basic survey to promote the joint implementation. Conversion of raw materials in fertilizer plants and energy conservation in India; 2000 nendo kyodo jisshi nado suishin kiso chosa hokokusho. Indo hiryo plant genryo tenkan to shoene

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    As a project contributing to reduction in greenhouse effect gas emissions by introducing energy conservation technology of Japan to India and to sustainable economic development in India, study of 'conversion of raw materials in fertilizer plants in India' was made, and the results were reported. The Indian government has been controlling the retail price of fertilizer by the subsidy policy for the protection of the domestic fertilizer production. Therefore, plants, which use coal/heavy oil/naphtha with much greenhouse gas emission as raw materials, have been behind improvement and now have no competitive force in the international market. In this project, concerning ZIL's fertilizer plant, the ammonia production capacity was set at 750 t/d and the urea production capacity at 1,300 t/d, and the energy conservation technology and the conversion of raw materials from naphtha to natural gas were studied. As a result, the amount of energy conservation was 55,705 toe/y, and the amount of CO2 reduction was 245,139 t-CO2/y. Further, this project indicated that profits were expected to increase and the cash flow would change for the better. (NEDO)

  16. Basic project on the cooperation in enhancement of the international energy consumption efficiency. Survey of energy conservation potential by industry; 2000 nendo kokusai energy shohi koritsuka chosa nado kyoryoku kiso jigyo hokokusho. Gyoshubetsu sho energy potential chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    For the purpose of looking for measures to promote the effective energy conservation in China, the potential energy conservation amount in general plants was surveyed and analyzed by industry. Activities were made in the following fields: 1) survey of the actual state of energy in main industries; 2) energy conservation potential in the cement industry in China; 3) energy conservation potential in thermal power plants in China. In 1), survey was made on 8 industries including the iron/steel industry and oil refining industry. In 2), survey was made of the actual state of the Liulihe cement plant and Shitou cement plant. The subjects extracted were the arrangement of instrumentation equipment such as the exhaust gas analyzer needed for combustion management, improvement of the air/fuel ratio of kiln, enhancement of cooling efficiency of clinker cooler, etc. In 3), the actual state of the Qinling power plant was surveyed, and it was made clear that high efficiency of 38% or more can be maintained if the appropriate use/maintenance management is made (coal unit consumption: 383g/kWh in Qinling and 309g/kWh). (NEDO)

  17. Report on the FY 1992 basic survey for industrialization related to the survey of overseas geological structure (Embalut West area, Indonesia); 1996 nendo kaigai chishitsu kozo nado chosa ni kakawaru kigyoka kiso chosa hokokusho (Indonesia Embalut nishi chiku)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1993-03-01

    The paper reported the FY 1992 basic survey for the coal mine development/industrialization in the Embalut West area of Indonesia. The geological structure in the survey area is under the Loa Haur Syncline which lies approximately north and south to the west of the area, and is regarded as the stabilized structure having no faults. The three beams from the upper part, S14, S13 and S12, are assumed to be the coal seams to be drilled. The average seam thickness is 1.17, 2.35 and 3.09m, respectively, and the continuity is good. In S14 beam, which is thin, it is difficult to mine coal using equipment. The theoretical minable reserve of the three coal seams is 18,859,000 tons. The recoverable coal reserve is 12,258,000 tons at a mining recovery of 65%. In case of annual production of 0.4 million tons, it is possible to mine more than 30 years. The coal is classified into a subbituminous coal-brown coal rank of the JIS coal classification. It is high in water content and medium in heating value, but is an environmental protection type with low ash and low sulfur content. In the case of mines in the Mahakam River basin, barge transport is indispensable. For sea transportation, the following should be studied in the light of the international price competition: reinforcement of shipping facilities on Mahakam River, increase in barge size, joint use of Balikpapan Coal Center, etc. (NEDO)

  18. Fiscal 1996 achievement report. Development of liquid fuel conversion technology (Feasibility study project on liquid fuel conversion); 1996 nendo ekitai nenryo tenkan gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Ekitai nenryo tenkan kanosei chosa nado jigyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    This article comprises Part 1 on 'surveys of gas fields fit for a new methanol manufacturing process' and Part 2 'reports on overseas surveys of gas fields fit for a new methanol manufacturing process.' In Part 1, surveys are conducted on the existence, exploitation, and the actual utilization of natural gas resources, and on the status of natural gas industry related infrastructures in the Middle East. Proved natural gas reserves in Iran were 742tcf (trillion cubic feet) as of 1996-end, which was the largest in the world next to Russia. As for Kuwaiti natural gas resources, they all accompany oil production, with the proved reserves marking 52.4tcf as of 1996-end or the smallest in the Middle East. In Egypt, there were proved reserves of 20.4tcf as of 1996-end, and further existence of 30-40tcf is predicted. Proved reserves in Yemen are approximately 15tcf. Proved reserves in Oman were 30tcf as of 1996-end. It is expected that there will be a 1.4% increase in the demand for methanol for automobiles. The annual demand for methanol for power generation is 720,000 tons. In Part 2, on-site surveys of infrastructures and the like indispensable for methanol plant installation are reported. (NEDO)

  19. Fiscal 1996 verification and survey of geothermal prospecting technology etc. 1/2. Survey report on deep-seated geothermal resources; 1996 nendo chinetsu tansa gijutsu nado kensho chosa hokokusho. 1/2. Shinbu chinetsu shigen chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    For the purpose of reducing the risk to accompany the exploitation of deep-seated geothermal resources, investigations are conducted into the three factors that govern the formation of geothermal resources at deep levels, that is, the supply of heat from heat sources, the supply of geothermal fluids, and the development of fracture systems contributing to the constitution of reservoir structures. In fiscal 1996, the deep-seated exploration well WD-1a is sidetracked for penetration for a target newly assigned at the 3,000m-deep level. Carried out in a survey of well geology are the naked-eye and microscopic observation of core cuttings, X-ray powder method, examination of inclusions in fluids, chemical analysis of whole rocks, analysis of isotopes in minerals, analysis of core fracturing, etc. Also, data are collected from a survey of mud log, survey of water in the well before digging, and from well logging. Furthermore, pressure monitoring etc. are conducted in order to determine the interference in pressure between the deep-seated and shallow-seated wells that accompanies multiple outbursts from the Kakkonda No. 2 machine, to know the water permeability between the shallow-seated and deep-seated parts, and to grasp the anisotropy in permeability in shallow-seated reservoirs. (NEDO)

  20. FY 2000 report on the basic survey to promote Joint Implementation, etc. Survey on the energy conservation of the Lianyuan Iron and Steel Group Complex, China; 2000 nendo kyodo jisshi nado suishin kiso chosa hokokusho. Lianyuan tekko sho energy chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    For the purpose of conserving energy and reducing greenhouse effect gas emission, a feasibility study was carried out of the installation of energy conservation facilities at the steelworks of Lianyuan Iron and Steel Group Complex, Loudi City, Hunan Province, China. The installation of the following facilities was studied: coke dry quenching (CDQ) equipment, coal moisture control (CMC) equipment, sintering ignition furnace equipment, cooler exhaust heat recovery equipment, top pressure recovery turbine (TRT), and hot stove exhaust heat recovery equipment. As a result of the study, the energy conservation amount was 20,000 toe/y by CDQ, 2,530 toe/y by CMC, 900 toe/y by improvement of ignition furnace in the sintering process, 12,300 toe/y by sintering cooler, 13,200 toe/y by TRT, and 10,300 toe/y by hot stove exhaust heat recovery equipment. Further, the amount of greenhouse effect gas reduction was 61,022 t-CO2/y, 7,843 t-CO2/y, 2,896 t-CO2/y, 38,060 t-CO2/y, 55,295 t-CO2/y, and 40,621 t-CO2/y, respectively. In the estimation of effects vs. expenses, the sintering ignition furnace, sintering cooler exhaust heat recovery, and hot stove exhaust heat recovery indicated the comparatively favorable values. (NEDO)

  1. Fiscal 2000 survey report. Basic survey of promotion of joint implementation, etc. Rehabilitation of KESC gas turbine power plant; 2000 nendo kyodo jisshi nado suishin kiso chosa hokokusho. KESC/gas turbine hatsudensho rihabiri

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    KESC (Karachi Electric Power Supply Corporation) facilities supplying electricity to Karachi, Pakistan, were examined for rehabilitation aiming at energy conservation and greenhouse gas reduction. The rehabilitation program covered power generation facilities, fuel supply facilities, instrument control systems, and their layout. Discussed were a schedule for the production, transportation, and installation of facilities, sharing of burdens between KESC and Japan, and the economic and environmental merits expected to ensue from energy conservation and greenhouse gas reduction. The results are mentioned below. Project implementation will take approximately 18 months, and Japan will be responsible only for dispatching specialists to elaborate on CDM (clean development mechanism) and engineers. In Case 1, the amount of initial investment is estimated at 84-million US dollars, the economical efficiency of energy conservation at 107t/year/million yen, and the economical efficiency of greenhouse gas reduction at 330t-CO2/year/million yen. It is found in the study of profitability that the loan will be collected in 10 years after project implementation and the initial investment in 22 years. (NEDO)

  2. Report for fiscal 1998 on basic commercialization survey related to geological structure surveys in overseas countries (Manguerra, the Philippines); 1998 nendo kaigai chishitsu kozo nado chosa ni kakawaru kigyoka kiso chosa (Philippines Manguerra) hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Commercialization survey was performed on the mines in the Manguerra district in the Philippines by means of geological structure surveys. The site surveys included geological and test drilling surveys, and those on conditions for developing underground mining mines, and infrastructures. The geological survey area spread out about 5 km{sup 2}, two test wells were drilled (to depths of 330 m and 290 m), trench survey was performed on 58 locations, and coal sample collection and analysis were carried out on eight locations. Furthermore, surveys were extended to the Manguerra mine operating status, on-the-ground facilities, roads for transportation, marketing, and related laws and regulations. As a result of the surveys, the Manguerra district was suggested of frequent sea water inundation into the coal field, leading to a view that the district is unstable from the viewpoint of development of coal beds. However, samples collected from the existing mining area indicated to have less water content and ash and high calorific power. The coal has high product value. The result of coal quantity calculation indicated 320122 tons as the total of defined and estimated quantity. The great depth mining plan was prepared from the viewpoints of actual yield, productivity, safety aspects, technological enhancement, and suppression of additional investments to minimum. (NEDO)

  3. Basic investigation on promotion of joint implementation in fiscal 2000. Modernization project for North Bangkok Thermal Power Plant in Thailand; 2000 nendo kyodo jisshi nado suishin kiso chosa hokokusho. Tai North Bangkok karyoku hatsusensho kindaika jigyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    With an objective of saving energy and reducing greenhouse gas emission, a modernization project has been discussed on the North Bangkok heavy oil burning thermal power plant owned by Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand (EGAT). The present project plans to withdraw the existing units No. 1, 2 and 3, and install two new generating facilities with the rated output of 358.3 MW using natural gas as fuel. The present feasibility survey has performed detailed comparative discussions on four cases, whereas a proposal was selected to withdraw all of the boilers, steam turbines, and generators, and install two single axis combined cycle systems whose output has been increased by using the existing fuel tank area. The energy saving effect by this project can reduce fuel consumption annually by 514 kt of crude oil equivalent. The greenhouse gas can be reduced annually by 2,680 kt-CO2. The project will require a total fund of about 57 billion yen. The profitability assessment calls for the internal profitability of 8.413% and the investment fund efficiency of 1.69%. The economic investment payback effect of this project is determined sufficient. (NEDO)

  4. FY 1999 report on the results of the R and D on high performance industrial furnace, etc.; 1999 nendo koseino kogyoro no kaihatsu ni kansuru kenkyu seika hokokusho. Koseino kogyoro nado ni kansuru kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    In the development of high performance industrial furnace, initial targets were achieved such as energy saving of 30%, downsizing of 20%, and a remarkable NOx reduction. To verify the achievement, the test field project is being worked on by NEDO. In FY 1998, 23 heating furnaces, 29 heat treat furnaces and 6 melting furnaces were under the project at energy saving effect of 52,000 kl converted to crude oil. In FY 1999, 18 heating furnaces, 26 heat treat furnaces and 7 melting furnaces are now under the project at energy saving effect of 57,000 kl. The project was awarded 'The 9th Nikkei Global Environmental Technology Prize.' The themes for the R and D are as follows: high efficiency exhaust heat utilization system, self-completion type high temperature/high radiation heating technology, technology to make heat transfer in steel heating suitable under non-stationary state, high efficiency heat transfer technology, technology to optimize the shape of heating furnace, high performance atmosphere heat treat furnace, high efficiency heat transfer technology by high temperature jet flame heating, technology of high efficiency aluminum melting furnace, technology to improve soaking degree in steel heating, high performance tubular heating furnace in oil refining, optimum combustion control technology of regenerative burner furnace, and laser measuring method inside industrial furnace. (NEDO)

  5. Fiscal 2000 report of investigation. Project for promoting international cooperation for global environment/Project for assessment on effect of climate change; 2000 nendo chikyu kankyo kokusai kyoryoku suishin jigyo / kiko hendo eikyo hyoka nado jigyo chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Assessment and examination were conducted on the scientific/technological aspect, environmental aspect and economic/social aspect concerning measures for mitigating climate change, as a part of international cooperation in global warming issues. In the development of assessment methods for cost analysis, it revealed that, in the activities for mitigating emission of greenhouse effect gases (GHG) or for increasing carbon sequestration, benefits of the mitigation sometimes surpassed their cost, allowing the society to benefit from the mitigation. In the examination of problems in technology transfer and their solutions, it was found that, in order to attain successful transfer, partnership among the parties interested was essential and that each government was capable of promoting such partnership. In the assessment of various policy options, the situation in the U.S. is such that the market aspect of GHG emission permit and credit trading is rather weak because of immaturity in a legal framework on GHG emission trading and because of undefinedness in the systems of the Kyoto Protocol and in the possibility of its validation. However, the reason enterprises are actively participating in the early market is that they plan a risk-hedge for example in anticipation of tighter regulations in the future. (NEDO)

  6. 1998 Annual Study Report. Surveys on seeds for global environmental technologies, including those for energy saving; 1998 nendo chosa hokokusho. Sho energy nado chikyu kankyo taisaku gijutsu no seeds ni kansuru chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    The energy-saving and other global environmental technologies are surveyed by collecting relevant information from various institutes, both abroad and domestic, to contribute to development of ceramic gas turbines. USA has announced a climate change plan, based on the five principles, to promote utilization of high-efficiency technologies and development of new clean technologies. UK is promoting to improve energy efficiency, along with liberalization of its energy markets. Germany concentrates its efforts in the 'Program for Energy Research and Energy Technologies.' France places emphasis on prevention of air pollution and rational use of energy. The R and D trends at public institutes, e.g., universities, for global environmental technologies are surveyed, from which a total of 14 themes are extracted as the seed technologies. At the same time, a total of 9 techniques potentially applicable to the seeds are extracted by mainly reviewing JICST and patent information, and assessed. The R&D trends of the IPCC-related researchers are also surveyed, but provide no theme directly applicable to the seeds. Most of the related themes at the private and public institutes surveyed, both domestic and abroad, are concentrated on carbon dioxide. (NEDO)

  7. Fiscal 1999 survey report. Project of promoting international cooperation on global environments/Project of assessing climate change impacts; 1999 nendo chikyu kankyo kokusai kyoryoku suishin jigyo chosa hokokusho. Kiko hendo eikyo hyoka nado jigyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    As part of international cooperation concerning global warming, an assessment is conducted of climate change mitigating measures, from the viewpoints of technology, environment, economy, and community, in coordination with the IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) 3rd working group responsible for energy policy and technological development. It aims to contribute to the preparation of a 3rd assessment report, and covers (1) the development of an assessment technique relating to cost analysis, (2) problems in the transfer of technology and solutions for them, and (3) the assessment of various policy options. Under item (1), studies are made about modelling techniques, common parameters and their values, potentials for effect, control of warming, etc. Under item (2), factors impeding the transfer and diffusion of technology are extracted and solutions therefor and the establishment of new incentives are deliberated, with analysis and investigation focused on tasks and solutions for furthering global transfer of technology with attention paid to various specific cases. Under item (3), concrete and feasible policy options are discussed on the basis of the outcome of the above-named endeavors, in view of characteristics of each of the regions, departments, and techniques. (NEDO)

  8. Fiscal 1999 report on results. Development item, 'development of evaluation technique for biocompatibility and the like of porous materials'; 1999 nendo takozairyo no seitai tekigosei nado hyoka gijutsu no kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    With the purpose of establishing fundamental technologies for ceramic porous materials that are excellent for artificial bone for a living body, evaluation technologies were developed for mechanical properties and biocompatibility, with fiscal 1999 results compiled. Performed for the examination of the mechanical properties were flexural test, compression test, tensile test, shearing test, torsion test, fatigue test, etc., with an evaluation testing method studied assuming that ceramic porous materials were applicable to implanting members. In the evaluation of biocompatibility, five kinds of osteoblast-like cell lines were cultured on a plastic disk and a dense hydroxyapatite disk, with adhesion and proliferation of the cells compared. Since these osteoblast-like cell lines adhere and proliferate on the surface and in the pore of hydroxyapatite, evaluation of the biocompatibility such as cell affinity was found possible with this in vitro method. With the view of obtaining principles for designing new bioactive ceramics, a method was developed for evaluating apatite-forming abilities of metal oxide gels having different compositions and structures in simulated body fluid. (NEDO)

  9. Fiscal 1999 research report. Survey on development trends of natural gas conversion technologies into liquefied fuel in Russia; 1999 nendo Roshia ni okeru tennen gas no ekitai nenryoka gijutsu no kaihtsu doko nado ni kansuru chosa kenkyu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    Russia having world-largest natural gas resources is promoting the forefront basic research on liquefaction technology of natural gas, in particular, Fischer-Tropsch (FT) synthetic process positively. For 3 years from fiscal 1998, this project surveys the trend of R and D on catalytic technology for liquefaction of natural gas in Russia, and fabricates the prototype FT catalyst effective for liquefaction of natural gas at a Russian research institute to evaluate its practical applicability experimentally. In fiscal 1999, based on the research result in fiscal 1998, the project carried out continuous survey on the research activity of research institutes in Russia, the research trend of liquefaction technology and the concrete results of contract researches on catalyst, and summarized the evaluation result of research results. In addition, continuous world-wide document survey on FT synthetic process was made to confirm R and D trends based on the trend of liquefaction research projects in the world, and to collect basic information on catalytic reactors for FT synthetic process by document survey. (NEDO)

  10. Report on evaluation of research and development of methods for producing basic chemicals from carbon monoxide and other stocks; Issanka tanso nado wo genryo to suru kiso kagakuhin no seizoho no kenkyu kaihatsu ni kansuru hyoka hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1987-08-01

    This project was aimed at developing methods for producing basic chemicals from carbon monoxide and other stocks (the so-called C1 chemistry), in order to establish the techniques that could promote stable supply of basic chemicals from the new carbon resources in place of oil. It was a 7-year national project beginning in FY 1980, jointly implemented by the government, academic and industrial circles. Described herein are the overall evaluation of the results. There are several carbon resources other than oil, e.g., coal, natural gas, oil shale and tar sand. They are abundantly occurring, although unevenly, and various countries are developing these resources. They can be advantageously utilized as stocks for chemicals, after being converted into synthesis gases. In Japan, they have been efficiently developed cooperatively by national institutes, enterprises, academic circles and chemical industry, to produce the world's results, e.g., gas separation/purification techniques and new catalysts for new synthesis methods. This project was terminated because of the relaxed oil supply/demand situations and lowered crude prices in the middle of the 80's, which made stock conversion less urgent. (NEDO)

  11. FY 2000 report on the basic survey to promote Joint Implementation, etc. Project for the modernization of the Tashkent cogeneration plant; 2000 nendo kyodo jisshi nado suishin kiso chosa hokokusho. Tashkent netsuheikyu hatsudensho kindaika keikaku

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    An investigational study was carried out of the project for energy conservation and greenhouse effect gas emission reduction by introducing the newest and most powerful gas turbine cogeneration facilities to the Tashkent cogeneration plant in Uzbekistan. At the Tashkent cogeneration plant, each of the facilities is being superannuated, which leads to lowering of operational reliability and increase in cost of repairs. In the project, studied was the introduction of the newest and most powerful gas turbine cogeneration facilities with heat output of 100 Gcal/h equivalent to that of one can of the existing hot water boiler and with generated output of 80MW. As a result of the study, obtained were the energy conservation amount of 83.9 ktoe/y and the greenhouse effect gas reduction amount of 179.7 kt-CO2/y. The initial investment amount was 10.003 billion yen. Expenses vs. effects were 8.39 toe/y-million yen in energy conservation amount and 18.0 t-CO2/y-million yen in greenhouse effect gas reduction amount. In the study of profitability, the internal earning rate was 9.24% after tax, the return yield of capital was 41.26%, and the period of ROI was 16.9 years. (NEDO)

  12. Fiscal 1996 verification survey of geothermal exploration technology. Development of the fracture type reservoir exploration method (development of the elastic wave use exploration method); 1996 nendo chinetsu tansa gijutsu nado kensho chosa. Danretsugata choryuso tansaho kaihatsu (danseiha riyo tansaho kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    For the purpose of exploring accurately fracture groups greatly restricting the fluid flow of geothermal reservoirs, technical development was made for applying the elastic wave exploration technology such as the high precision reflection method, VSP, elastic wave tomography to the geothermal exploration. The Okiri area, Kagoshima prefecture was selected as a demonstrative field of a typical type where the steep and predominant fracture rules the geothermal reservoir, and experiments were conducted using the high precision reflection method and VSP. Fracture models were made, and the analysis results were studied by a survey using the array CSMT/MT method and by a comparison with existing data. Reformation of the underground receiving system used for VSP and elastic tomography is made for improvement of its viability, and was applied to the VSP experiment. The treatment/analysis system of the core analyzer was improved, and cores of the demonstrative field were analyzed/measured. Further, the exploration results, core analysis results and existing data were synthetically analyzed, and fracture models of the demonstrative field were constructed. Also, effectiveness and viability of the elastic wave use exploration method were studied. 90 refs., 418 figs., 24 tabs.

  13. FY 1999 Report on overseas geological structure surveys. Joint Japan-China Yu Xian exploitation project (Attachments); 1999 nendo kaigai chishitsu kozo nado chosa futai shiryo. Nippon Chugoku sekitan kyodo tansa Yu Xian project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    This reports provides the attachments for the report JN0041264. The contents include (1) minutes of the fourth steering committee, (2) technical reports presented to the fourth steering committee (I: report on FY 1998 joint exploitation works, and II: report on FY 1999 joint exploitation works), (3) minutes of the fifth steering committee, and (4) technical reports presented to the fifth steering committee (I: report on FY 1999 joint exploitation works, and II: report on planned FY 2000 joint exploitation works). The item (1) includes approval of the reports on FY 1998 and 1999 joint exploitation works. The item (2)-I report includes seismic exploitation test works, observation work results and quality evaluation thereof; drilling exploitation work results, quality evaluation thereof, exploitation results and evaluation thereof; exploitation results and evaluation thereof; and proposals. The item (2)-II report includes seismic exploitation, drilling exploitation, and man-hours of the workers from the both countries. The item (3) includes approval of the reports on FY 1999 joint exploitation works and planned FY 2000 joint exploitation works. The (4)-I report includes seismic exploitation work results and evaluation thereof, seismic exploitation test works, drilling exploitation work results, quality evaluation thereof, exploitation results and evaluation thereof, and proposals for the future works. The (4)-II report includes seismic and drilling exploitation plans, and numbers and periods of the workers from the both countries. (NEDO)

  14. Report on the FY 1993 basic survey for industrialization related to the survey of overseas geological structure (Tebulan East area, Malaysia); 1993 nendo kaigai chishitsu kozo nado chosa ni kakawaru kigyoka kiso chosa (Malaysia Tebulan higashi chiku) hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1994-03-01

    The survey was conducted based on 'Scope of work for detailed coal exploration in the Tebulan East block of the Merit Pila coal field, Sarawak, Malaysia' concluded on June 19, 1993 between NEDO and Global Mineral which owns the mining right. The field survey was for the geological survey, survey of conditions of open pit mining, and infrastructure survey. The confirmed/estimated coal amount totaled 22,65 million tons in 4 coal seams. The all sulfur content is low, approximately 0.12%. The heating value is 5,820 kcal/kg. As to the infrastructure, various conditions are good for transportation, shipping facilities, etc. from mine site to truck transport/barge transport/external route shipping. The drilling was planned to be made by open pit mining by the truck and shovel system, and the scale of the planned production was 0.3 million tons. The ash is low in amount, and there was no coal preparation. Clean coal is produced by crushing, sieving and washing. Attached were the borehole log (JN9940782), route map, and trench sketch (JN9940783). (NEDO)

  15. Fiscal 1997 research report on the data collection, evaluation and analysis in the PV power generation field test project for public facilities; 1997 nendo kokyo shisetsu nado yo taiyoko hatsuden field test jigyo ni okeru shushu data hyoka kaiseki

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    As a part of the field test project for diffusing PV power generation into public facilities generally, evaluation and analysis were made on the collected data from 105 sites installed during fiscal 1993-1996. Analysis of operation characteristics was made by using parameters obtained by developing a basic equation for every component. 94% of all the sites fell under the total solar irradiation of 3.0- 4.5kWh/m{sup 2}/D. 83% of those fell under the equivalent array operation time of 2.5-4.0h/D. 70% of those fell under the equivalent system operation time of 2.5-3.5h/D. 72% of those fell under the system operation time of 9.0-12.0h/D. 78% of those fell under the effective inverter efficiency of 0.84- 0.96. 68% of those fell under the inverter load factor of 0.25-0.35. 85% of those fell under the array performance ratio of 0.7-1.0. 83% of those fell under the system performance ratio of 0.6-0.9. The generation cost decreased from 270yen/kWh in 1993 to 100yen/kWh in 1996 because reduction of an installation cost largely contributed to reduction of the total cost. (NEDO)

  16. Confirmation study of the effectiveness of prospect techniques for geothermal resources. Deep-seated geothermal resources survey report (Fiscal year 1994); 1994 nendo chinetsu tansa gijutsu nado kensho chosa. Shinbu chinetsu shigen chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    Drilling and survey of deep geothermal exploration wells were conducted to grasp the existing situation of deep geothermal resource and the whole image of geothermal systems in the area where geothermal resource was already developed. In the drilling work in fiscal 1994, 4000m-class rigs and the top drive system were planned to be used for drilling of 12-1/4 inch wells, but 9-5/8 inch liners were used for drilling down to depths of 2550m or deeper since the amount of lost circulation is large and the withdrawal of devices may be very difficult. And in 8-1/2 inch wells, the well was drilled down to a depth of 2950m. As to the deep resistivity exploration technology using electromagnetic method, studies were made of a multiple-frequency array induction logging (MAIL) method, a vertical electromagnetic profiling (VEMP) method, a joint analysis method, etc. Concerning the synthetic fluid inclusion logging technology, containers were lowered into the well and a comparison was made between data of the homogenization temperature analysis of the formed fluid inclusion and those of the temperature log analysis. With relation to the making of deep geothermal structural models, revision was made according to the determination of depths of Miocene formations, Pre-tertiary formations, and the Kakkonda granite. 65 refs., 268 figs., 79 tabs.

  17. Research and development of utilization technology of solar thermal energy system for industrial and other use. International joint technology development for solar energy utilization systems; Sangyoyo nado solar system jitsuyoka gijutsu kaihatsu. Taiyo energy riyo system kokusai kyodo gijutsu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Takita, M [New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization, Tokyo (Japan)

    1994-12-01

    Described herein are the results of the FY1994 research program for international joint technology development for solar energy utilization systems. The joint study with an Indonesian research institute takes a model of lumber drying plant for the design and feasibility study. All the parts it needs are technically available in Indonesia, except carbon fiber sheets and electronic devices for controlling purposes. The drying cost is higher than that of a plant which procures charge-free wood fuel, but lower than that of a plant which procures fuel at 30$/t. A cacao drying plant model is also studied. The feasibility study shows that the initial investment for the blowing-up model is much higher by 60% to 100% than that for the conventional plant. Its fuel cost is lower by 11% than that of residual oil but 27% higher than that of wood. 4 figs.

  18. New Sunshine Project for fiscal 1997 on the international cooperation project. Cooperation in solar energy technologies among Japan, Australia and other countries; 1997 nendo new sunshine keikaku kokusai kyoryoku jigyo. Nichigo nado taiyo energy gijutsu kyoryoku

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    This paper describes the state of progress in the cooperation in solar energy technologies among Japan, Australia and other country, the memorandum concluded for the new project, and the activity report on the NEDO/MUERI project. The progress in the cooperation in solar energy technologies among Japan, Australia and other country is divided into that of the new project and that of the continued project. The former relates to the start of the long-term endurance test project for photovoltaic solar modules in Oman. The location of the endurance test is the Sultan Qaboos University in the suburb of Muscat. Modules subjected to the endurance test consist of ten modules of five types. The test will be performed on air temperature, humidity, wind directions, insolation on horizontal surface, insolation on slanted surface, ultraviolet ray intensity, module temperatures, and electric characteristics of the modules. The continued project is an outdoor endurance test for the photovoltaic solar modules begun in fiscal 1996, which is executed by the Murdock University Energy Research Institute (MUERI). The endurance test locations were selected at Darwin, Alice Springs and Perth. This paper reports the photovoltaic solar module endurance test and investigation, as well as the periodical consultations as the activity report of the NEDO/MUERI project. (NEDO)

  19. Survey on utilization of database for research and development of global environmental industry technology; Chikyu kankyo sangyo gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu no tame no database nado no riyo ni kansuru chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1993-03-01

    To optimize networks and database systems for promotion of the industry technology development contributing to the solution of the global environmental problem, studies are made on reusable information resource and its utilization methods. As reusable information resource, there are external database and network system for researchers` information exchange and for computer use. The external database includes commercial database and academic database. As commercial database, 6 agents and 13 service systems are selected. As academic database, there are NACSIS-IR and the database which is connected with INTERNET in the U.S. These are used in connection with the UNIX academic research network called INTERNET. For connection with INTERNET, a commercial UNIX network service called IIJ which starts service in April 1993 can be used. However, personal computer communication network is used for the time being. 6 figs., 4 tabs.

  20. Fiscal 1996 verification and survey of geothermal prospecting technology etc. 2/2. Survey report on deep-seated geothermal resources; 1996 nendo chinetsu tansa gijutsu nado kensho chosa hokokusho. 2/2. Shinbu chinetsu shigen chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    For the purpose of reducing the risk to accompany the exploitation of deep-seated geothermal resources, investigations are conducted into the three factors that govern the formation of geothermal resources at deep levels, that is, the supply of heat from heat sources, the supply of geothermal fluids, and the development of fracture systems contributing to the constitution of reservoir structures. In the study of deep-seated geothermal models for the Kakkonda area, a reservoir structure model, a thermal structure model, and a geothermal fluid/hydraulic structure model are deliberated. Then, after studying the relations of the said three structure models to fracture systems, the boundary between the geothermal fluid convection region and the thermal conduction region near the 3,100m-deep level, the existence of high-salinity fluids and the depth of gas inflow, the ranges of shallow-seated reservoirs and deep-seated reservoirs, the trend of reduction in reservoir pressure and the anisotropy in water permeability in shallow-seated reservoirs, etc., a latest reservoir model is constructed into which all the findings obtained so far are incorporated. As for guidelines for deep-seated thermal resources survey and development, it is so decided that deep-seated geothermal survey guidelines, deep-seated fluid production guidelines, and deep-seated well drilling guidelines be prepared and that assessment be made of their economic effectiveness. (NEDO)

  1. Fiscal 1999 achievement report. Research and technology of important regional technologies (Development of combustion control system technology for rationalizing energy use); 1999 nendo energy shiyo gorika nensho nado seigyo system gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    For upgrading and optimizing combustion control systems, research and development is conducted for materializing SiC devices capable of high-temperature operation. In the development of basic technologies common to various types of SiC semiconductor devices, XeCl excimer laser annealing is applied to SiC implanted with Al ions, and low-damage ion implantation is studied. In the development of techniques for forming SiC single crystals into substrates, warpage of 20{mu} or less, surface coarseness of 5{mu}m or less, etc., are achieved in 1-inch and 2-inch wafers. In the development of SiC sensor technology, techniques of heteroepitaxial growth of 3C-SiC on Si substrates and of 6H-SiC on 6H-SiC wafers are established and an optical sensor is built experimentally. A high-temperature UV sensor, switching device for control, rectification device for control, etc., are built of nitrogen ion implanted 6H-SiC. In the effort to develop combustion control system technology, the principle of system operation of the combustion control method proposed under this project is verified. (NEDO)

  2. FY 1999 survey report on the survey to grasp new technologies for destruction of freons, etc. in Japan; 1999 nendo Nippon no atarashii freon nado hakai gijutsu no haaku chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    At the end of 1995, a total abolition of the production of the specified freons (CFC) was achieved. In future, it will be important to proceed with the appropriate recovery/destruction of the CFC, etc. which has been used so far, not only for the protection of ozone layer, but for the prevention of global warming. For the international study of facilities (technology) for destruction CFC, etc., the Technical Assessment Committee (TAC) was installed for destruction technology of ozone layer depletion substances (ODS) under the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), and the destruction efficiency (DE) of ODS was set up. In Japan, more than 30 facilities are already handling the destruction of CFC on a commercial basis. The number is expected to increase by the promotion of protection of ozone layer and prevention of global warming. This survey indicated quantitatively and qualitatively based on the TAC DE what the facilities for destruction of CFC should be which were considered of domestic laws in Japan, and was made a guide for existing facilities and ones to be newly installed. (NEDO)

  3. Study of immersed heat exchange surface for high efficiency heat recovery from wire rim tires in a fluidized bed boiler; Hai tire nado kara no kokoritsu netsukaishuyo ryudosho boiler no sonai dennetsukan no kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oshita, T; Nagato, S; Miyoshi, N; Hosoda, S [Ebara Corp., Tokyo (Japan)

    1996-07-10

    In an ICFB boiler, the fluidized bed is separated by a partition into the main combustion and the heat recovery chambers. The flows in these chambers are generated by using silica sand as the fluidizing medium. To determine the overall heat transfer coefficient (HTC) of the boiler`s panel type immersed heat transfer tulles, combustion tests were performed with wire rim tires. The overall HTC of a panel tube array was lower than that of a zigzag tube arrangement. In practice, the heat absorbed by the fins makes the coefficients of either type of tube array almost identical. The air flow rate in the circulating bed at the loot Tom of the heat recovery chamber can be changed to control the overall HTC to a value virtually identical with that of a zigzag tube array. The combustion of wire rim tires leads to a buildup of wires in the zigzag array hampering the transfer of heat. Yet, the panel type array showed no buildup so that it was possible to maintain steady operation with this type of tube arrangement. 8 refs., 10 figs., 2 tabs.

  4. FY 1999 report on the results of the technology development for abatement of pollutants related to oil refining; 1999 nendo sekiyu seisei osen busshitsu teigen nado gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    The technologies are developed for efficiently, economically improving quality of automobile fuels by, e.g., abatement of environmental pollutants present in the oil products. For improvement of hydrodesulfurization rate of gas oil deep hydrodesulfurization process, the catalyst components high in isomerization ability of the hard-to-desulfurize compounds are investigated, and effectiveness of zeolite is confirmed. For production of low-sulfur gas oil by hydrodesulfurization and hydrocracking of heavy oil, the catalyst with small pores is preferable for desulfurization of gas oil as the co-product of the treatment of heavy oil in the presence of catalyst for heavy oil desulfurization. For hydrocracking, the catalysts are prepared, on a trial basis, for achieving the target gas oil sulfur content of 10ppm or less by optimizing the zeolite and matrix properties. For suitability of gas oil qualities, it is found that the hydrogenation step is the rate-determining step among the reaction routes involved in the hydrogenation of difficult-to-desulfurize compounds. The data of low-sulfur gas oil qualities in Europe are collected. (NEDO)

  5. Fiscal 1997 research report. International energy use rationalization project (Analytical tool research project for energy consumption efficiency improvement in Asia); 1997 nendo kokusai energy shiyo gorika nado taisaku jigyo chosa hokokusho. Asia energy shohi koritsuka bunseki tool chosa jigyo (honpen)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-05-01

    Efforts have been under way to prepare inter-industry relations tables and energy data for four Asian countries, namely, China, Taiwan, Singapore and Malaysia, and a tool for energy consumption efficiency analysis has been developed and improved. In Chapter 1, energy supply and demand in the above-named four countries is reviewed on the basis of recent economic situations in these countries. In Chapter 2, bilateral inter-industry relations tables usable under the project are employed for the analysis of the economic status of each of the countries and energy transactions between them, and a method is described of converting the tables into one-nation inter-industry relations tables which meet the need of this project. In Chapter 3, national characteristics reflected on the respective energy input tables are described, and a method is shown of converting a nationally characterized unit energy table into a common unit energy input table for registration with a database. In Chapter 4, the constitution of the Asian energy consumption efficiency improvement analyzing tool and a system using the tool are explained. In Chapter 5, some examples of analyses conducted by use of the analyzing tool are shown, in which the energy saving effect and CO2 emission reduction effect are estimated for Indonesia by use of the analyzing tool. (NEDO)

  6. Report for fiscal 1999 on the fundamental survey on promotion of joint implementation. Modernization of Bakabad Cement Factory; 1999 nendo kyodo jisshi nado suishin kiso chosa Bekbad cement kojo kindaika chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    This paper describes the result in fiscal 1999 of the feasibility study applied with the COP3 clean development mechanism for Bekabad Cement Factory in the Republic of Uzbekistan. One of the existing three old type kilns were diverted and converted into a dry NSP type kiln (having the same production capacity as the present of 726,000 tons a year). This arrangement was intended to enhance the productivity, save the energy, and reduce emission of greenhouse gases and different pollutants by renewing the upper and lower stream facilities and installing such environmental devices as electric dust collectors and bag filters. The total construction cost is US$84,432,000. Reducible energy consumption and reduction quantity of greenhouse gases would be 73,232 toe/year and 176,528 toe/year, respectively, in the single fiscal 2006. The cumulative quantity over twenty-year period until 2025 would be 1,464,640 toe and 3,530,560 toe, respectively. The energy saving effect per US$1,000 would be 17.87 toe, and the greenhouse gas reduction effect would be 43.08 t. In the case of using a soft loan such as the special yen loan for environment application, the internal profit rate after tax would be 7.63%, which is not high as the business enterprise profitability. However, the profit and loss statement indicates creation of profit after two years of operation, hence there is a relative realization possibility. (NEDO)

  7. Fiscal 1998 overseas geological structure survey. Japan-China joint coal survey Mei-Xian project; 1998 nendo kaigai chishitsu kozo nado chosa hokokusho. Nippon Chugoku sekitan kyodo tansa Mei-Xian project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Japan-China joint coal survey was made through seismic prospecting by Japanese group and drilling prospecting by Chinese group. Mei-Xian mine property includes coal seams of the Jurassic period, and is covered with the quaternary period stratum without any coal seam. The base of the quaternary period stratum exists at depth of 50-400m, while the coal seams at depth of 300-700m. Among 11 existing seams, the 1st and 5th seams are main objects for prospecting. The 5th seam of 0.2-8.96m (2.95m in average) thick is the most expected important one, distributing all over the mine property. The 5th seam also has branch seams spreading over 2.5km from east to west and 1.2km from south to north in the center part of the mine property. The 1st seam of 0-8.62m (2.90m in average) thick is most thick in the south part of the mine property. The theoretical amount of coal deposits in the whole coal seam is estimated to be nearly 290,000,000t by Chinese group (nearly 50% of it in the 5th seam). That is also estimated to be nearly 346,000,000t by Japanese group (155,000,000t in the 5th seam). Both 1st and 5th seams are composed of sub-bituminous coal. (NEDO)

  8. Research report for fiscal 1988. Basic research for the promotion of joint implementation etc. (plan for using combined cycle at Konakovo Power Station, Russia); 1998 nendo kyodo jisshi nado suishin kiso chosa. Roshia renpo KONAKOVO hatsudensho combined cycle ka keikaku

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    On the basis of Kyoto Protocol-provided flexible measures such as joint implementation and clean development mechanisms, a study is conducted for introducing combined cycle into Konakovo Power Plant of Russia currently equipped with antiquated eight 300MW power plants constructed in the 1960's for which early renovation is necessary. The power station is an important power source connecting to the Moscow-Petersburg main. The gas turbine combined facilities to be newly installed will comprise 250MW-class state-of-the-art gas turbines arranged in four blocks, capable of a total output of 1600MW at a thermal efficiency of 58% (with simultaneous supply of heat). Four units capable of 1200MW out of the existing units will stay in operation for load adjusting. Since the price of power is set low under government control, the accounting capital/internal return rate is as low as 2.3%. The rate recalculated under the financing conditions of special yen credit for environmental protection, however, is as high as 19%, so high as to make the renovation an economically feasible project. It is expected that there will be an annual CO2 reduction of 2.3-million tons or a reduction of 57.50-million tons in 25 years (the life span of the new facilities). The renovation may be a joint implementation project to which both Japan and Russia will attach the highest priority. (NEDO)

  9. Fiscal 1998 intellectual infrastructure project utilizing civil sector functions. Development of systems for marine organism resources classification and utilization (Achievement report); 1998 nendo kaiyo seibutsu nado shigen no bunrui riyo system no kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    Genetic resources and databases involving microbes and the like were conserved and amplified for the reinforcement of biotechnology industries. In the maintenance of marine microalga culture collection, 16S rDNA sequences were determined for 120 strains of Cyanophyceae isolated by Marine Biotechnology Institute Co., Ltd., and databases were prepared containing the results of molecule classification, history of each strain, and pictures obtained using optical microscopes. In the maintenance of marine bacterium culture collection, methods for identifying by molecule classification bacteria separated from the sea were simplified and unified, and genera were identified for 776 strains. In the development of systems for classifying and conserving subtropical microbial resources, base sequences were analyzed for 14 strains of six kinds of microbes such as Aspergillus awamori conserved at Institute of Applied Microbiology of University of Tokyo. Other efforts included the enrichment of marine microalga collections, construction of an embryo bank system, advanced classification of microbes, and development of a DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) analyzing system. (NEDO)

  10. Report for fiscal 1998 on commissioned operation for research cooperation related to simplified purification system for industrial waste water; 1998 nendo sangyo haisui nado no kan'i joka system ni kansuru kenkyu kyoryoku hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    With an objective to serve for environmental preservation in developing countries, joint researches have been performed on anaerobic waste water treatment systems utilizing bio-technology. This paper summarizes the achievements in fiscal 1998. This fiscal year has performed the bench scale test and the operation research of an anaerobic waste water treatment pilot plant jointly with the Standards and Industrial Research Institute in Malaysia on waste waters from the vegetable fat and oil chemical industry. In the bench scale test, data were collected on the oil removing effect of the pressurization and flotation treatment, and the characteristics of the anaerobic treatment. Operation research was performed in the pilot plant by using the anaerobic waste water treatment plant and the aerobic treatment facility. In addition, a feasibility study was carried out to evaluate an optimal treatment system. Furthermore, three researchers were received from Malaysia to whom lectures were given on the Japanese anaerobic treatment technologies, and visits and operation training on the waste water treatment facilities. (NEDO)

  11. Achievement report for fiscal 1998. Development of control system technologies such as combustion with energy consumption rationalized; 1998 nendo seika hokokusho. Energy shiyo gorkika nensho nado seigyo system gijutsu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    To improve and optimize fuel control systems, basic technologies were studied for building SiC devices capable of high-temperature operation. The technologies involved the construction of single-crystal SiC substrates, development of element technologies such as conduction control, experimental production of SiC devices, and systems incorporating SiC devices for controlling, for example, combustion. The subjects of research and development for fiscal 1998 included the technologies related to common SiC semiconductor substrates (SiC substrate crystallinity evaluation by X-ray topography, thermal oxidation acceleration by ion irradiation, and annealing of ion-implanted SiC by excimer laser ), technologies of forming an SiC single crystal into a substrate, technologies related to SiC sensors, technologies related to SiC devices capable of operation at high temperature and high speed, technologies related to SiC devices for controlling, and technologies for controlling, for example, combustion. The subjects of basic researches at universities and research institutes included new crystal growing methods, ion beam-aided SiC synthesis, effect of irradiation of SiC with neutrons, and nuclear conversion implantation. (NEDO)

  12. Research report for fiscal 1998. Survey on the researchers and research institutes for the effects of global warming and its countermeasures; 1998 nendo onshitsu koka gas ni yoru kankyo eikyo nado ni kansuru kenkyusha kenkyu kikan chosa chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Researchers and research institutes across the world (except those in Japan), engaged in the study of global warming and measures to deal with the phenomenon, are extracted in compliance with certain specified standards, and the latest information on them is appropriately arranged and listed. It is further developed into an electronic database for the convenience of users. The collected information includes more than 230 research institutes and more than 1,000 researchers. The endeavor is exerted by extracting essays and institutes mainly out of the on-line databases. More than 1,000 essays and 130 institutes are covered. Visits are made to five institutes in the U.S. and four in Europe who are most actively engaged in the study of global warming, and detailed researches are conducted and information is exchanged. The Argonne National Institute copes with all energy problems related to global warming. Descriptions are given about environmental impact surveys and CO2 isolation in the ocean at the Center for Global Science of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. At the Oak Ridge National Laboratory, the visitors heard explanations of technologies related to renewable energies and so forth. Researches are made into ecosystems at the University of California, and into natural energies at the University of Hawaii. Also visited are research institutes in Australia, Germany, Netherlands, and Britain. (NEDO)

  13. FY 1999 report on the results of the R and D on the assessment of reliability of oil refining facilities; 1999 nendo sekiyu seisei setsubi shinraisei hyoka nado gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    At present, in oil refineries in Japan, the term of the continued operation in oil refining facilities is shorter than that in Europe and America because of the regulation on the open inspection period for boilers and hazardous material storage tanks. As a result, the refining cost is comparatively higher than in Europe and America due to the increase in inspection/repair cost and decrease in operational rate. Therefore, it is becoming important to effectively supply petroleum products by keeping stability in oil refining facilities of the whole Japan and prolonging the term of the continued operation of oil refining facilities, etc. In this R and D, the technical development is conducted which is needed for the long-term continued operation of oil refining facilities. The items for the R and D are as follows: assessment technology of reliability of oil refining high temperature system facilities, assessment technology of reliability of piping/storage facilities in oil refinery, assessment technology of reliability of oil refining power system facilities, technology of management support system in oil refining facilities. In this fiscal year, technical survey, data collection, and construction of the basic concept of developmental technology were mostly conducted. Also conducted were trial manufacture of various probes for non-fracture inspection use, oscillators, etc., and basic design of inspection equipment and trial manufacture of a part of them. And the data acquired were analyzed. (NEDO)

  14. FY 2000 report on the basic survey to promote Joint Implementation, etc. Survey of gas-fired cogeneration in Samarkand City; 2000 nendo kyodo jisshii nado suishin kiso chosa hokokusho. Samarkand shi gas daki cogeneration chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    In the existing heat supply plant in Samarkand City in Uzbekistan, feasibility study was conducted of the project aimed at energy conservation and reduction in greenhouse effect gas emission by introducing the repair/cogeneration system of the regional pipes superannuated. In the project, the following were planned: introduction of two units of 6MW class gas turbine cogeneration, introduction of boiler which can realize 90% of the thermal efficiency, replacement of the existing regional pipes with pre-insulated pipes with less water leak/heat loss, etc. As a result of the study, the energy conservation amount was 21,006 toe, and the amount of greenhouse effect gas reduction was 64,998 t-CO2/y. As to the effects vs. expenses, the energy conservation was 2.80 toe/million yen, and the greenhouse effect gas reduction was 8.66 t-CO2-y/million yen. The initial investment amount was 7.51 billion yen, the business profit was 468 million yen/y, and the internal earning rate was 1.133%. It was judged that great profitability was not expected for the project, but the profit was returnable on investment. (NEDO)

  15. Basic investigation on promotion of joint implementation in fiscal 2000. Project for modification of Pridneprovskaya power plant in Ukraine; 2000 nendo kyodo jisshi nado kiso chosa hokokusho. Ukraine Pridneprovskaya hatsudensho kaishu jigyo keikaku

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    With objectives of saving energy and reducing greenhouse gas emission at the Pridneprovskaya power plant in Ukraine, a scrap and build project has been discussed. This project will abolish the unit No.12 among the eight units in the existing coal burning power generation facilities, and install a natural gas burning combined cycle plant comprising of three units each with an output of 100 MW. The new plant facilities will consist of gas turbines, steam turbines, HRSG and auxiliary devices, and an air-cooled synchronous power generator with a capacity of 119 MVA. Use of natural gas as fuel reduces generation of soot, sulfur oxides, nitrogen oxides, and CO. In addition, the hot effluent and waste liquor effluent will decrease from those at the present plant. The required fund will be 30,107 million yen. The energy saving effect of this project is reduction of about 7.5 million tons of crude oil equivalent as a total in 40 years. The greenhouse effect gas will decrease by about 39 million tons as a total in 40 years. The profitability estimation calls for the number of investment recovery year of 16 years, and internal profit rate of 7.32%, wherein the implementation of the project cannot be expected as a project to be carried out by private funds. (NEDO)

  16. Fiscal 2000 survey of geological structures overseas. Exchange of engineers with Indonesia (Coal mining technology); 2000 nendo kaigai chishitsu kozo nado chosa hokokusho. Gijutsusha koryu jigyo (tanko gijutsu bun'ya) Indonesia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Indonesia rich in coal resources consumed 70-million tons of coal in 1999, which covered 17% of its total energy demand. It is estimated that as much as 120-million tons will be produced in 2005, and it is expected that underground mining will increase. Under such circumstances, Indonesia strongly desires that Japan's underground mining technologies be transferred to Indonesia. For the transfer of technologies especially involving production control and management out of Japan's underground mining technologies, Japan dispatched engineers to Indonesia under a mining engineer exchange project, and received and trained Indonesian engineers. Under the engineer exchange project, five engineers were dispatched to Indonesia and gave lectures and on-site training in the period July 9 through August 5, 2000. Japan received seven engineers, who were given lectures and training at the Ikeshima mining field of Matsushima Coal Mining Company in the period November 12 through December 12, 2000. (NEDO)

  17. FY 2000 report on the survey of the overseas geological structure. Japan-China joint coal exploration - Yu Xian project; 2000 nendo kaigai chishitsu kozo nado chosa hokokusho. Nippon Chugoku sekitan kyodo tansa Yu Xian project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    The geological survey was carried out which is needed for coal mine design in the Yu Xian coal mine area, Yu Xian coal field, Hebei province, China. The term of survey was 5 years from 1996 to 2000. Activities are mainly for seismic survey and boring survey. Japan was in charge of the seismic survey, and China in charge of the boring survey. Both attained the goal. The results of the activities were summed up in the following 7 items: 1) outline of the survey; 2) general investigation; 3) state of the exploration related materials/machinery; 4) field survey; 5) items of survey; 6) results of the survey; 7) conclusion. In 6), the geological analysis, coal quality survey and coal amount survey were conducted. In the geological analysis, analyzed were the succession of strata, geological structure, and the situation of existence of coal seams. In 7), the following were made clear: geological structure of the survey area, coal seam, coal quality, hydrological geology, other conditions of drilling technology, and coal amount. The coal amount was 328.34 million tons in a total of A/B/C class coals. The total coal amount of Nos. 1 and 5 coal seams was 259.79 million tons, which was 79.1% of the total coal amount in all area. The average thickness of Nos. 1 and 5 coal seams, which are the main minable coal seams, was 3.10m and 2.66m, respectively. (NEDO)

  18. Report on investigations in fiscal 2000 on the basic investigation on promotion of joint implementation. Rehabilitation of ICE/SAN ANTONIO power plant; 2000 nendo kyodo jisshi nado suishin kiso chosa hokokusho. ICE/SAN ANTONIO hatsudensho rihabiri

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Costa Rica takes a power generation system using hydro power generation as the main source, and possesses medium-capacity gas turbines to supplement needs in the dry season and the peak load. However, a problem has come up that, in addition to the cost rise in gas turbine fuel, the power generation efficiency has been aggravating due to aged deterioration of the generators being used. In association therewith, the problem is now a factor to increase CO2 emission, which is a worldwide problem. Keeping in mind to link it to the clean development mechanism (CDM), the present project is, taking up the SAN ANTONIO power plant as the investigation object, intended to perform a comprehensive discussion on the CO2 emission reducing effect, profitability, and proliferation effect, by executing the conceptual plant design. The up-grading plan for thermal power generation systems in Costa Rica consists of replacement of the gas turbines, handling of phase modifiers, and achievement of the combined cycle. The plan agrees with the present feasibility study intended of CO2 emission reduction, consisting of the modification plan of the SAN ANTONIO power plant, that is the plan to replace the over-aged gas turbines at the power plant. Its necessity has been identified. It was disclosed that the project has the effects of reducing CO2 of 82,000 tons annually, and the investment can be recovered in nine years. (NEDO)

  19. Fiscal 1996 achievement report. Development of liquid fuel conversion technology (Feasibility study project on liquid fuel conversion); 1996 nendo ekitai nenryo tenkan gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Ekitai nenryo tenkan kanosei chosa nado jigyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    This article comprises Part 1 on 'surveys of gas fields fit for a new methanol manufacturing process' and Part 2 'reports on overseas surveys of gas fields fit for a new methanol manufacturing process.' In Part 1, surveys are conducted on the existence, exploitation, and the actual utilization of natural gas resources, and on the status of natural gas industry related infrastructures in the Middle East. Proved natural gas reserves in Iran were 742tcf (trillion cubic feet) as of 1996-end, which was the largest in the world next to Russia. As for Kuwaiti natural gas resources, they all accompany oil production, with the proved reserves marking 52.4tcf as of 1996-end or the smallest in the Middle East. In Egypt, there were proved reserves of 20.4tcf as of 1996-end, and further existence of 30-40tcf is predicted. Proved reserves in Yemen are approximately 15tcf. Proved reserves in Oman were 30tcf as of 1996-end. It is expected that there will be a 1.4% increase in the demand for methanol for automobiles. The annual demand for methanol for power generation is 720,000 tons. In Part 2, on-site surveys of infrastructures and the like indispensable for methanol plant installation are reported. (NEDO)

  20. Fiscal 1998 research cooperation project. Research cooperation on diversity preservation and sustainable use for living organisms; 1998 nendo seibutsu tayosei hozen to jizokuteki riyo nado ni kansuru kenkyu kyoryoku

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    This report describes the titled research cooperation. Joint R and D with Thailand, Indonesia and Malaysia was made on collection and preservation of bio-resources such as tropical rain forest, and sustainable use of them by developing countries themselves. The project includes the simple identification and preservation technology of biospecies such as microorganism, assessment and monitoring technology of ecosystem, search of useful functions of biospecies, and construction of a bio-resource information network. This project promotes conversion of excessive hunting into resource conservation in agriculture, forestry and fisheries industries, and establishment of the basis of new product development in chemical and pharmaceutical industries. This project also contributes to preparation of the basic scheme of developed countries including Japan to countries holding bio-resources in addition to industrial basis preparation of every country. Until 1997, basis establishment has been made such as training of researchers, preparation of equipment and technical guidance, and in the final 1998, various results such as extraction of promising samples from microorganisms were obtained. (NEDO)

  1. FY 1994 Report on the results of the joint research project for optimum introduction of development of fuel cell technologies for urban energy centers; 1994 nendo toshi energy center nado nenryo denchi gijutsu kaihatsu saiteki donyu chosa seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-05-01

    Described herein are the FY 1994 results of the joint research project for optimum introduction of development of fuel cell technologies for urban energy centers or the like. The necessary economic conditions for introduction of a fuel cell system to be competitive with the conventional system which individually supplies electric power and heat are 250,000 yen/kW as the construction unit cost, 0.10m{sup 2}/kW as the installation area, 5 years as the cell body life, use of an inexpensive fuel gas (2 to 6 yen/Mcal). Moreover, it is an indoor system which shall have the operational characteristics to follow daily demand fluctuations while operating under the optimum conditions in the urban redevelopment area considered. A 5,000kW-class fuel cell plant burning fuel gas (2 yen/Mcal) will need a total floor area of approximately 400,000 m{sup 2} in an energy-intensive office type demand area. These conditions shall be met in order to economically introduce the 5,000kW-class plant. It is also necessary to compare the plant with the competitive cogeneration plants. The specifications for the prototype now under consideration are sufficient for the energy-saving effect, and it is premised that these specifications and characteristics are secured. (NEDO)

  2. Report on achievements in fiscal 1999 of New Sunshine Project. Development of superconductor power applied technologies. Research on total system; 1999 nendo chodendo denryoku oyo gijutsu kaihatsu gyomu seika hokokusho. Total system nado no kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    To deal effectively with problems being actualized in electric power systems, it is necessary to introduce superconductor technologies into power devices, and achieve higher efficiency, density and stability in the power systems. To achieve the goal, development is being made on superconductor power applied technologies, whereas investigative researches are given on the effects of introducing the superconductor power applied devices to proceed the development effectively and smoothly. This project is also given evaluations on its research achievements. In the practical application of superconductor generators, all of the verification tests have been completed, with the model generator system linkage test as the final test. Design and fabrication technologies were established on a 200,000-kW class pilot generator after having gone through analyses made after the tests. Not only having achieved the initial technical value targets, the result presented reliability required for practical use of the superconductor generator, having exceeded the expectation. The research and development of the superconductor generator technologies under this project is concluded successful. The AC superconductor devices were developed by effectively utilizing the results of the leading researches on fundamental technologies for AC superconductor power device technologies as well as other results of the world's highest levels. (NEDO)

  3. Report on evaluation of research and development of methods for producing basic chemicals from carbon monoxide and other stocks; Issanka tanso nado wo genryo to suru kiso kagakuhin no seizoho no kenkyu kaihatsu ni kansuru hyoka hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1987-08-01

    This project was aimed at developing methods for producing basic chemicals from carbon monoxide and other stocks (the so-called C1 chemistry), in order to establish the techniques that could promote stable supply of basic chemicals from the new carbon resources in place of oil. It was a 7-year national project beginning in FY 1980, jointly implemented by the government, academic and industrial circles. Described herein are the overall evaluation of the results. There are several carbon resources other than oil, e.g., coal, natural gas, oil shale and tar sand. They are abundantly occurring, although unevenly, and various countries are developing these resources. They can be advantageously utilized as stocks for chemicals, after being converted into synthesis gases. In Japan, they have been efficiently developed cooperatively by national institutes, enterprises, academic circles and chemical industry, to produce the world's results, e.g., gas separation/purification techniques and new catalysts for new synthesis methods. This project was terminated because of the relaxed oil supply/demand situations and lowered crude prices in the middle of the 80's, which made stock conversion less urgent. (NEDO)

  4. Report on the wind power development field test project in the off-shore park in Daitocho Town in fiscal 1997. System design; 1997 nendo Daitocho kaiyo koen nado ni okeru furyoku kaihatsu field test jigyo hokokusho. System sekkei

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-12-01

    This paper reports the wind power development field test project in the off-shore park in Daitocho Town in Shizuoka Prefecture. The annual average wind velocity was 4.2 m/s (at height of 20 m above the ground), where the facility utilization rates for 300 and 500 kW class plants were 15.1 and 16.7%, respectively. Both of the annual average wind velocity and the facility utilization rate do not meet the criteria established by NEDO. Although the location is adjacent to the Natural Park, there is no restricting condition for installation. The substation to which system linkage is to be performed is the Daito substation 3 km north of the planned location. The major load is the Daito Spa in the park facility. Ground bed at depth of 5 m will be used as the windmill foundation supporting bed. There is little electromagnetic wave hazard. The location is 380 m away from the nearest residential house, presenting no windmill noise problem. The amount of power to be generated was assumed 281,000 kWh. Specifications for nine models of 300-kW class windmills that can be introduced into Japan were discussed to select a model. The project cost was calculated to be 128.5 million yen. The construction cost will be 428,000 yen and the power generation cost 38.1 yen/kWh. Its economy is poor when the current unit price for surplus power purchase is considered, but the effect of enlightenment may be expected. (NEDO)

  5. FY 1998 basic survey to promote the joint execution, etc. Plan for repair of Schekinskaya thermal power plant; 1998 nendo kyodo jisshi nado suishin kiso chosa. Schekinskaya karyoku hatsudensho kaishu keikaku

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    This project is a feasibility study to get effects of reducing greenhouse effect gas by repairing Units 8, 9, and 10 (330MW in total) of Schekinskaya thermal power plant and Units 1-7 (450MW in total) of Novomoskovskaya thermal power plant. Both are very old brown coal fired thermal power plants which were constructed during 1947-1967. At present, they are run fired by natural gas. Being very superannuated, they need repair of the facilities. In the adjustment of opinions with Russia, the plan was aimed at substantial reduction of greenhouse effect gas by increasing thermal efficiency of power plant. For it, a 800MW class gas turbine combined cycle power plant is constructed at Novomoskovskaya power plant where there are existing buildings and space for equipment and where gas fuel can be used. As a result of the study, it was indicated that the reduction amount of greenhouse effect gas after the repair becomes 1,853,966 tons/yr as against 3,590,514 tons/yr before the repair. (NEDO)

  6. Fiscal 2000 survey report on technological trends. Survey on trend of high-density energy beam technology concerning conservation of energy; 2000 nendo gijutsu doko nado chosa hokokusho. Energy shiyo gorika ni kakawaru komitsudo energy beam technology no doko chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    There is a possibility that machining technology using high-density energy beam will bring an epoch-making change to micro-nano area processing. In particular, a laser beam having high controllability is indispensable. This is a report of the fiscal 2000 survey. The survey was conducted on laser beam generation, control and nano-diagnostic techniques, micro-nano optics technologies and machining technologies, with the development problems and targets summarized. Laser beam generation/control technologies, which become the basic tools for micro-nano manufacturing, were investigated, as were inspection technologies for the purpose of checking the functions of nano structures created. Particularly, the investigation elucidated the significance of development of a femtosecond solid state laser based on a semiconductor laser and the control techniques of their phase. Further, necessity was emphasized in developing X-ray probing, infrared and terahertz spectroscopy which are essential for nano-diagnostic techniques. In optics technologies, the paper described the importance of photonic crystals which enable less-than-wavelength machining or electrical beam control using interference effect. The possibility of fabricating photocatalysts with nano-particles was also mentioned, as was the manufacturing of nano-functional structures. (NEDO)

  7. Fiscal 1999 research report. Basic research on joint implementations promotion (Feasibility study of modification for Tehran Cement Co., Ltd., Iran); 1999 nendo kyodo jisshi nado suishin kiso chosa hokokusho. Iran koku Teheran cement sha kaizo F/S

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    The feasibility study was started upon a request made by the Iranian Ministry of Energy involving the No. 7 kiln of the above said company. It was then concluded, after assessing the degree of urgency of supply and demand and the magnitude of loss due to reduced production because of the on-site modification work, that it was not practical to begin the project immediately. Under the circumstances, various studies were made about the feasibility of modification of the whole production process of the No. 1 kiln through No. 7 kiln, and a procedure was presented, to be described below. The procedure will consist of Phase I wherein the No. 3 wet kiln is converted into an NSP (new suspension preheater) dry kiln, Phase II wherein the No. 7 SP (suspension preheater) dry kiln is converted in to an NSP kiln, and Phase III wherein the No. 4 SP dry kiln is converted into a clinker cooler. Under this procedure, the modernization of the Tehran Cement Co., Ltd., facilities will be accomplished without causing production loss. After the completion of the project, an annual yield of 3.6-million tons will be achieved, with productivity to be improved by 26.4% over the current theoretical capacity or by 54.8% over the actual average for the past 5 years. There will be a sustained conservation of 25,356 tons/year in terms of oil. Application of CDM (clean development mechanism) to this project will be extremely effective in reducing greenhouse gas and in improving profitability. (NEDO)

  8. Report on a commercialization fundamental investigation (in Batulicin Area, Indonesia) in relation to FY 1997 investigations on geological structures in overseas countries; 1997 nendo kaigai chishitsu kozo nado chosa ni kakawaru kigyoka kiso chosa (Indonesia Batulicin chiku) hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    A fundamental coal mine development investigation was carried out in Batulicin Area, Kalimantan, the Republic of Indonesia. The investigation included ground surface surveys, preparation of topographical maps and geological maps, trial drilling investigation, physical logging, chemical analysis, and infrastructure investigation. The trial drilling investigation was intended to identify the existence conditions of coal beds and coal quality, and was performed by forming grids with about 500-meter interval, and using 21 trial drillings to depths of 104 to 240 meters for a total drilling length of 3463 meters. The physical logging included electric logging, radioactivity logging and pore size logging, and the trial drilling cores were subjected to chemical analysis. For infrastructures, investigations were carried out on necessity of modifying existing roads, privilege relationship, the current status of barge loading points, water depths, and land acquisition. The result of the investigation revealed that minable coal quantity in underground mining of the coal bed B would be 13.189 million tons, and that annual production of original coal at 733,000 tons would be possible by adopting a long-wall type mechanized coal mining system. 14 refs., 99 figs., 25 tabs.

  9. Report on the survey in fiscal 1998. Basic survey on promotion of joint project implementation (Khabarovsk thermal power plant modification plan); 1998 nendo chosa hokokusho. Kyodo jisshi nado suishin kiso chosa (Khabarovsk karyoku hatsudensho kaishu keikaku)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Discussions were given on the modification plan for Khabarovsk Thermal Power Plant as part of the basic survey on promotion of joint project implementation based on the COP3. The plan calls for shutting down the overaged power plant No. 1 (462.5 MW) and newly building the power plant No. 4 with high efficiency to reduce CO2 emission. The plant will use coal, which is mined extensively in the region. The plant will be a combined heat and power plant with a total power generation output of 576 MW and a total thermal output of 1140 Gcal/h. Effect of reducing CO2 emission as the result of this modification plan will be as much as about 1.2 million tons annually. The plant will use coal as fuel in the beginning, but if it uses natural gas in the future, for which pipeline construction from Sakhalin has been planned recently, the CO2 emission reducing effect will reach 2.4 million tons. Internal profitability was calculated with the CO2 price set at zero US dollars and with the foreign exchange rate varied, for a case of firing coal for 30 years. The profitability may vary largely according to the foreign exchange level, such as profit rate of 5.47% at 20 roubles to a US dollar, 11.04% at 12 roubles, and 21.22% at 6 roubles. The profitability should be judged somewhat low under the current exchange rate of 20 roubles to a dollar. Financial provision with a favorable condition is strongly desired. (NEDO)

  10. Basic investigation on promotion of joint implementation in fiscal 2000. Efficiency improvement project for gas turbine power plant in Iran; 2000 nendo kyodo jisshi nado suishin kiso chosa hokokusho. Iran gas turbine hatsuden plant no koritsu kaizen project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Investigations and discussions have been given on measures to improve energy conservation and efficiency at a power plant of Kish Water and Power Company (KWPC) in Iran. The site has high ambient temperature throughout a year, making the gas turbine power plant capable of generating power only at about 70% of the rated output, with the power generation efficiency decreasing. The project has analyzed the current situation at the plant, and evaluated different means that appear effective in improving the efficiency, including the gas turbine absorbed air cooling system, the steam injection system, and the combined cycle. As a result of the discussions, it was revealed that energy saving effect can be obtained at 145 TJ with the gas turbine absorbed air cooling system, 224 TJ with the steam injection system, and 1017 TJ with the combined cycle. The annual reduction of greenhouse gas emission due to the above energy conservation would be about 11 thousand tons, 16.5 thousand tons, and 75 thousand tons, respectively. However, the investment payback period would be about 2.45 years, 8.31 years, and 14.21 years, respectively. Therefore, the profitability does not appear very attractive because of low fuel unit cost. (NEDO)

  11. Fiscal 1998 geological survey overseas. Report on Tanjung Enim project for Japan-Indonesia joint coal exploration; 1998 nendo kaigai chishitsu kozo nado chosa hokokusho. Nippon Indonesia sekitan kyodo tansa Tanjung Enim project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    For disclosing stratigraphy and lithofacies and for clarifying the status of coal beds in the southern Arahan area (55km{sup 2}), South Sumatra, ground surface exploration, borehole drilling, borehole geophysical logging, and seismic reflection monitoring were carried out. The survey covered a rectangular area, 11km from east to west and 5km from north to south and 60m to 130m in elevation. In the ground surface exploration effort, trenching was performed at three spots in coal bed outcrops in an quasi-accurate survey with route gaps of roughly 1,200m. Ten boreholes were drilled. The deepest one was 282.20m deep and the shallowest one 117.80m deep, with the total drilled length measuring 1,643.70m. Seismic reflection monitoring was implemented using three traverse lines (two running north to south and one running from east to west), with the three lines measuring 10.92km in total. VSP (vertical seismic profiling) was carried for borehole ASN17 only. The findings are that there are four kinds of coal beds, that is, A2, B, C, and E spreading all over the area, that their thicknesses are estimated to be 12m, 18m, 7m, and 6-8m, respectively, and that coal beds A2, B, and C are packed into between 80m-deep and 150m-deep levels. (NEDO)

  12. Fiscal 2000 achievement report. Development of technologies for waste treatment and recycling (Development of technologies for appropriate treatment of air bags); 2000 nendo haikibutsu recycle kanren gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Air bag tekisei shori gijutsu no kaihatsu nado

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    A centralized treatment process respecting environmental protection and safety for unused air bags aboard disused automobiles is developed. In concrete terms, a heating facility owned by Daicel Chemical Industries, Ltd., is used, which includes an apparatus for examining exhaust gas dioxins and an exhaust gas treatment apparatus and, with this facility, studies are made for appropriately treating waste gas and waste water to be generated when air bag modules undergo centralized heating. Endeavors in fiscal 2000 center about (1) the development of waste gas treatment technologies, (2) development of waste water treatment technologies, (3) chemical analysis of waste water sludge, dusts and air bag residues, and (4) the study of appropriate treatment of non-azide air bag modules. As to the development of exhaust gas treatment technology, it was proved that the exhaust gas treatment system consisting of secondary incineration furnace, exhaust gas cooling tower and bag filter worked effectively. (NEDO)

  13. FY 1998 report on the results of the development in recycling technology for building materials such as waste concrete; 1998 nendo hai concrete nado kenzai recycle gijutsu no kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    For increasing fields of application of concrete rubble discharged as construction waste, the recycled aggregate is recovered by heating and rubbing/grinding. To meet the recycling demand effectively, a unit was made a transfer type. Equipment with treatment capacity of 3 tons/h was manufactured and confirmed of its motion. As to the heating equipment, the low-energy consumption structure aiming at homogeneous filling and appropriate ventilation was adopted to control uneven heating and increase in packed bed pressure loss. A tube mill type of the coarse aggregate recovery device was designed/manufactured considering the size of medium and discharge of mortal particles. An attriter type was designed/manufactured considering smooth particle discharge. As to the fine aggregate recovery system, a tube mill type was designed considering the discharge of powder and using coarse aggregate as medium. Moreover, the appropriate transportation of the generated powder and storage method are also considered. The transfer type equipment (unit frame, etc.) was designed/manufactured to make it a unit considered of layout at the time of transporting and assembling the auxiliary equipment such as supply hopper. The noise prevention device was also equipped with. (NEDO)

  14. Fiscal 1998 research report on the development trends of natural gas conversion technologies into liquefied fuel in Russia; 1998 nendo Roshia ni okeru tennen gas no ekitai nenryoka gijutsu no kaihatsu doko nado ni kansuru chosa kenkyu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Russia having natural gas resources largest in the world is actively promoting the basic research on liquefaction technology of natural gas such as Fischer-Tropsch (FT) synthetic catalyst, and its research potential is extremely high. This 3-year research project surveys the R and D trends of catalyst technology for liquefaction of natural gas, and fabricates the prototype FT synthetic catalyst based on the idea of Russian researchers to evaluate its feasibility experimentally. This report summarizes the following to clarify the research background: (1) The technology system for liquefaction of natural gas, and its future R and D trend, (2) The R and D trends of liquefaction technology of natural gas in the world, (3) The R and D trends of liquefaction technology of natural gas in Russia, (4) The research system of catalyses in Russia, (5) The activities of Russian catalysis research institutes, (6) The fuel liquefaction technologies of Russian major research institutes, and (7) The proposals from Russian research institutes. (NEDO)

  15. Fiscal 1998 research report on development of the advanced industrial furnace (R and D on the advanced industrial furnace). Volume 3; 1998 nendo koseino kogyoro no kaihatsu ni kansuru kenkyu seika hokokusho. Koseino kogyoro nado ni kansuru kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    This report summarizes the research results of the chapter 4 and 5 (experimental database) from the research report on development of the advanced industrial furnace. The chapter 4 summarizes functions of the temperature performance evaluation simulator of the advanced continuous heating furnace for the database system, and various research results obtained by the simulator. This chapter also summarizes the research result on the applicability of high-temperature air combustion to other industries, the patent research result on heat storage combustion technology, the basic technology research result, and the reaction analysis result by FLUENT. The chapter 5 summarizes the combustion experiment data collection by developing self-completion high-temperature high-radiation heating technology. As for R and D on technology optimizing the profile of heating furnaces, the following data are summarized: measurement data of heat transfer in furnaces and heat flux data at right overhead furnace temperature under cold air and preheated air combustion in conventional furnaces, and heat storage combustion. (NEDO)

  16. International measures project for rational energy use (Survey project of the analysis tool of Asian energy consumption efficiency). List of errata; 1998 nendo kokusai energy shiyo gorika nado taisaku jigyo seigohyo. Asia energy shohi koritsuka bunseki tool chosa jigyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    The list of errata was prepared for the data book of the international measures project for rational energy use (Survey project of the analysis tool of Asian energy consumption efficiency). Corrected pages of the data book 1 (1990) are as follows: 187-190, 223-226, 259-262, 295- 298, 369-370, 387-388 and 405-406 on Malaysian data. Corrected pages of the data book 2 (1985) are as follows: 102-105 on Chinese data, 154 on common data, and 187-190, 223-226, 259-262, 295-298, 369-370, 387-388 and 405-406 on Malaysian data. (NEDO)

  17. Report on fundamental surveys for such as cases and effects in relation with development of new energy technologies in fiscal 1999; 1999 nendo shin energy gijutsu kaihatsu ni kakawaru jirei koka nado kiso chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    This paper describes the fundamental surveys in fiscal 1999 on cases and effects in relation with development of new energy technologies. Among the projects having been performed by NEDO in commemoration of the 20th anniversary of the NEDO foundation, the economic and social situations in the times in which the projects have been carried out with the focus placed particularly on new energies were put into order and analyzed to make clear the positioning of the project significance in the nation's energy policies. In addition, the roles of NEDO were recognized afresh to use them as the fundamental materials to serve for the future policy development. For the past thirty years before and after the oil crises, the time division that can be used universally for the project evaluation was established, based on the trends inside and outside the country, social currents, related indexes, and the status of development execution. Work hypotheses were presented regarding the basic conception in the evaluation, specific evaluation viewpoints, and their contents. Based on the hypotheses, three subjects were taken up as representative cases, that is, photovoltaic power generation, coal liquefaction, and phosphoric acid type fuel cell technology development. Time points that are considered as the important turning points were specified to give evaluations at respective turning points. Analyses were also made on decision making factors for project planning, continuation, direction change, suspension, and completion. (NEDO)

  18. FY1999 technological development of wind power generation systems for islands. Development of wind power generation systems in islands; 1999 nendo ritoyo furyoku hatsuden system nado gijutsu kaihatsu. Rito ni okeru furyoku hatsuden system no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    With an objective of developing wind power generation systems that suit small to medium size islands in Japan, conceptual design was made on a 100-kW class wind mill to satisfy such requirements as no need of large heavy machines, and gust resisting performance. Investigations were performed on sites suitable for demonstration tests thereof. This paper reports the achievements in fiscal 1999. In investigating the site location feasibilities, which took small to medium size islands in Okinawa Prefecture as the discussion objects, environmental investigation, wind condition forecast and investigation, and system linkage investigation were carried out, whereas one point each in three islands were extracted as the promising sites. The system discussion and design called for wind velocity resistance of 80 m/s, system linkage percentage of 40% at maximum, power generation cost of 20 yen per kWh, design life of 20 years, constructability of requiring no large heavy machines, and operation mode of diesel hybrid use. Along with these specifications, conceptual design was performed on the system constituting elements, such as wind mill blades, generators, electric power control devices, and towers. In the blade aerodynamic test, wind tunnel tests were executed by using three types of blade wings. Sample blades were fabricated for the preparation of blade material tests. (NEDO)

  19. Fiscal 1998 research report on information structuring technology for advanced use of NEDO research reports; 1998 nendo NEDO seika hokokusho nado no kodo riyo ni hitsuyona joho kozoka gijutsu no chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Research was made on electronic NEDO research reports corresponding to the recent extending trend of Internet. The logical structure and electronic format of NEDO research reports as document were first studied considering document disclosure and reuse of technical information. HTML as electronic format for Internet is unfortunately insufficient to describe the logical structure of NEDO research reports because of HTML's restricted description. Thus, XML which is being watched because of its possible definition of original tags was studied in place of HTML. As a result, because at present preparation of standards on XML and a compatibility for implementation of standards are insufficient, it was concluded that construction of the electronic document system for NEDO research reports is still too early. However, since adoption of XML as document format is important from the viewpoint of a property succession on Internet, preparation of the XML format file of NEDO research reports is essential. (NEDO)

  20. Survey on actual status of R and D fund assistance in the U.S.A.; Beikoku ni okeru kenkyu kaihatsu shikin enjo no jittai nado ni kansuru chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1991-03-01

    As a basic survey to serve for establishment of science and technology policies, a survey was carried out on the actual status of R and D fund assistance in the U.S.A., roles of the government and civil sectors, and how they are interrelated. The survey was performed in detail on the following items: the assistance and cooperation measures taken by the U.S. government, and technological policies of the U.S. government; fund subsidies and policies toward technological research and development provided by the U.S. government; research and development plans and projects being the object of the subsidies given by the U.S. government; assistance and cooperation of private organizations for financing research and development activities in the U.S.A.; cooperation and joint works among industries, the government and universities (research consortiums) in the research and development activities; legal assistance policies for research and development in the U.S.A., the favorable tax system for research and development, the 1984 National Joint Research Act, and the actual status and analysis of the legal assistance policies in the U.S.A. for aiding research and development tests. (NEDO)

  1. FY 2000 report on the basic survey to promote the joint implementation. Project on the repair of the Bobovdol thermal power plant, Bulgaria; 2000 nendo kyodo jisshi nado suishin kiso chosa hokokusho. Bobovdol karyoku hatsudensho kaishu jigyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    As to the Bobovdol thermal power plant, Bulgaria, a plan for repair of power plant was worked out with the aim of energy conservation and greenhouse effect gas emissions, and the results of the feasibility study were reported. The existing power plant, 3 x 210MW unit, totals 630MW, approximately 130,000 hours in cumulative operation hour. In the repair plan, the plant is replaced with high efficiency gas combined cycle power generation facilities based on gas turbines by scrap and build. In the plan, the repair of existing units Nos. 1 and 2 for life elongation is urgently conducted, and new facilities are to be built every 5 years. As a result of the study, the energy conservation effect will be reduced by 16.37 million toe tons in 41 years after the repair, and the CO2 emission will be reduced by 105.18 million tons in 41 years after the repair. As to the profitability, the internal economical profitability is 5.66% in case of setting the CO2 emission trade at zero. This is the level on which the project is barely profitable by soft loans raised by Japan Bank for International Cooperation (JBIC), etc. (NEDO)

  2. Surveys for promoting development of overseas coals in fiscal 1999. Surveys on international coal situation; 1999 nendo kaigaitan kaihatsu kodoka nado chosa (kaigaitan kaihatsu sokushin chosa). Kokusai sekitan jijo chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    Detailed surveys were performed on Britain, Germany and Spain being the major coal producing countries in Europe with regard to a general view on the status of energy demand and supply, the status of demand and supply of coal, business institutions, and related policies in each country. The status of demand and supply of coal, and related policies in the three countries may be summarized as follows: In Britain, the ratio of coal accounted for in the primary energy supply is 18.0% in 1998, and the coal production amounted to 35.5 mill.TCE/year; closure of underground mining coal mines is discussed recently; the congress is deliberating re-introduction of the subsidy system which had been once discontinued; in Germany, the ratio of coals accounted for in the primary energy supply in 1997 was 14% in bituminous coal and 11% in brown coal; the quantities of production of bituminous coal and brown coal in 1998 were 41.8 and 50.6 mill.TCE/year, respectively; the number of mines has decreased because of the unification; the subsidy policy is in continuation; in Spain, the ratio of coal accounted for in the primary energy supply was 13.5% in 1997 and the quantity of coal production in 1998 was 12.5 mill.TCE/year; unification of coal operators has not been advanced as far as in Germany; and the subsidy is provided as in Germany. (NEDO)

  3. Report for fiscal 1994 on commissioned operation for research cooperation related to simplified purification system for industrial waste water; 1994 nendo sangyo haisui nado no kan'i joka system ni kansuru kenkyu kyoryoku hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-03-01

    With an objective to serve for environmental preservation in developing countries, joint researches have been performed on anaerobic waste water treatment systems utilizing bio-technology. This paper summarizes the achievements in fiscal 1994. In the research cooperation with Thailand, a reactor applicability test was performed by using a pilot plant to determine the operating conditions, and necessary data were obtained. The pilot plant was completed of installation in November. In the research cooperation with Indonesia, Tofu manufacturing waste water was selected as the object of pilot plant research. In the detailed design the Tofu manufacturing waste water shall be treated anaerobically, and the kitchen waste water shall be treated aerobically to acquire the intended water quality. In the research cooperation with Malaysia, as a result of visiting six industries and 22 factories for investigation, waste waters from chemical and foodstuff factories were selected as the object waste waters for the research. Three researchers from Thailand and Indonesia respectively were received in Japan to provide education including experimental training and visits to waste water treatment facilities. (NEDO)

  4. FY 1999 research cooperation project - the research cooperation on the protection of biodiversity and sustainable use, etc. Follow-up; 1999 nendo seibutsu tayosei hozen to jizokuteki riyo nado ni kansuru kenkyu kyoryoku. Follow up

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    The follow-up for the research cooperation for Indonesia, Malaysia and Thailand was conducted to make it possible that developing countries themselves protect biological resources in the tropical area, etc. and make the sustainable use of biological resources using bio-technology. In Indonesia, the follow-up was to be made for proceeding with the joint study for 'The study on the plant utilization technology - search for useful plant ingredients' reported by Professor Koshimizu, Kinki University. In Malaysia, considering that equipment is enough installed there and research leaders are very excellent, it is considered that the country is suitable for the partner of future joint research on microorganisms with Japan. Moreover, the merit in joint study is the cooperation in study of information system and culture collection. In Thailand, Japan told them that the study theme has to be made smaller toward the culture collection rich in content and the search for useful plants/bacteria. (NEDO)

  5. Fiscal 1998 research report. Survey on R and D, and application technology of biotechnology; 1998 nendo chosa hokokusho. Bio technology no kenkyu kaihatsu, sangyoka gijutsu nado ni kansuru chosa kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Survey was made mainly on use of biotechnology as resource saving and energy saving processes. Biotechnology is in wide use in a pharmaceutical field, while its application is on the increase in agriculture, food, chemistry, energy and environment fields. The USA is ahead of Japan and Europe. In the USA, there are more than 1000 ventures, and R and D of biotechnology, in particular, gene analysis and manipulation techniques are in progress together with acquisition of patents. In biomass energy, production of ethanol from corn, and development of biodiesel are in progress in the USA and Europe, respectively. Use of biomass should be promoted because of its global environment compatibility and sustainable productivity. In the future bio-market, genome analysis and its application are most important, however, Japan is behind in such technology in the world. The Joint approach by industry, university and government is necessary from the viewpoint of a future marketability and international competitiveness. Promotion of a public acceptance and nurture of creative talents are also important. (NEDO)

  6. FY 2000 report on the basic survey to promote Joint Implementation, etc. Survey on the repair plan for Fenchugangi fertilizer plant in Bangladesh; 2000 nendo kyodo jisshi nado suishin kiso chosa hokokusho. Bangladesh koku Fenchugangi hiryo kojo kaishu keikaku chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    For the purpose of conserving energy and reducing greenhouse effect gas emission, survey was conducted for the repair plan for Fenchugangi fertilizer plant in Bangladesh. In the survey, studied were measures to increase production, measures to prolong the plant life, energy conservation measures and environmental measures. As a result of the study, it was confirmed that if the production amount targeted at first is recovered and the consumption amount of natural gas can be reduced down to the original target by rehabilitating the superannuated equipment/machines and by supplying/preparing the spare parts in shortage, the reduction in greenhouse effect gas emission is achieved and the production cost of urea fertilizer is lowered. Further, it was found that by carrying out this, energy efficiency can be heightened at the parts which can be replaced with the newest processes. The energy conservation amount calculated was 25,890 toe/y, and the amount of greenhouse effect gas reduction 60,448 t-CO2/y. The investment amount was approximately $19,106,000. The total interest is to be raised by soft loan, and the internal earning rate was 9.04% with the present prices of natural gas and urea. (NEDO)

  7. FY 1998 basic survey to promote the joint execution, etc. Overall repair plan of thermal power plants in Maritime Province of Russia; 1998 nendo kyodo jisshi nado suishin kiso chosa. Roshia Enkaishu ni okeru karyoku hatsudensho sogo kaishu keikaku

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    For thermal power plants in Maritime Province of Russia, a repair plan for effective reduction of emission of greenhouse effect gas was worked out as a draft plan for the joint execution. The project is to be implemented for the additional installation/replacement of boilers at Vladivostok No. 2 power plant, construction of a power plant as a substitute for Partizansk power plant, and new construction of Ussuriisk power plant. The draft plan includes the new installation of two gas-fired boilers/replacement of existing boilers at Vladivostok No. 2 power plant, construction of 200MW cogeneration facility at Partizansk power plant, construction of 180MW cogeneration facility at Ussuriisk power plant, abolition of small-sized boiler station, etc. The reduction amount of the greenhouse effect gas emission based on this repair plan totaled 338 million tons in project. The effect against cost is US$ 4.75 per 1 CO2 ton at Vladivostok. (NEDO)

  8. FY1998 survey report on the site surveys on regional situations in improvement in energy consumption (Cambodia and Bangladesh); 1998 nendo energy shohi koritsuka nado chiiki josei genchi chosa hokokusho (Cambodia, Bangladesh) chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    In order to promote technical cooperation of Japan with Asia in the energy aspect, site surveys were carried out on improvement in energy consumption efficiency. Electric power supply in Cambodia is made mostly from EDC, whose power generation amount in 1997 was 310 million kwh, while the power sold was 230 million kwh, with 26.1% of the total generation amount, or 80 million kwh being wasted as the loss. Existing power generation facilities are old and small in scale, made by the former Soviet Union making the repair difficult. The loss is enormous because of aging in power distribution facilities, overload operation, and power stealing. The efficiency is extremely poor, whereas improvement in efficiency of the existing facilities is indispensable to cope with the anticipated increase in the demand. In Bangladesh, 90% of the power is generated by using natural gas produced in the eastern part of the country. Many power plants are experiencing decreased efficiency due to the facility aging and insufficient and improper maintenance. The power transmission and distribution departments have had a large loss in power, which has become one of the most important issues. The loss exceeds 30%. The government is trying to achieve efficiency improvement in the electric power business through introducing the principle of competition by establishing new private companies. However, this approach is facing severe objection from the governmental and public labor unions, making the future development opaque. (NEDO)

  9. Fiscal 2000 achievement report. Development of comprehensive technologies for environmental conservation including prevention of global warming by the carbonization of wood, etc.; 2000 nendo jumoku nado no tanka ni yoru ondanka boshinado fukugo kankyo taisaku gijutsu no kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Efforts are exerted to develop new technologies whereby carbon dioxide is absorbed by and fixed in rapidly growing trees. The trees are felled and subjected to high-efficiency carbonization, and the thus-obtained carbonized material is used for environmental purification or the like and then buried in the ground. Studies are under way to find out if the cycle (operations) may be organized into an industry. Activities are conducted in the five fields of (1) carbonized materials, (2) carbonization, (3), industrial use of charcoal, (4) stabilization of charcoal, and (5) reports on surveys (mainly overseas). In field (2), following an introduction consisting of the carbonization mechanism and the definition of terms, surveys are conducted of the existence of carbonizable resources in Japan, distribution channels of imported charcoal and activated charcoal in Japan, various carbonization apparatuses, carbonization equipment incorporated into gasifying fusion furnaces, carbonization furnace as a system, and the trends of development of pyroligneous acid and development of its use. In field (3), studies are made on its use in industries, on its application to agriculture, forestry, and livestock industry, and on the utilization of its electromagnetic properties. (NEDO)

  10. Fiscal 1999 report on results. Development item, 'development of evaluation technique for biocompatibility and the like of porous materials'; 1999 nendo takozairyo no seitai tekigosei nado hyoka gijutsu no kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    With the purpose of establishing fundamental technologies for ceramic porous materials that are excellent for artificial bone for a living body, evaluation technologies were developed for mechanical properties and biocompatibility, with fiscal 1999 results compiled. Performed for the examination of the mechanical properties were flexural test, compression test, tensile test, shearing test, torsion test, fatigue test, etc., with an evaluation testing method studied assuming that ceramic porous materials were applicable to implanting members. In the evaluation of biocompatibility, five kinds of osteoblast-like cell lines were cultured on a plastic disk and a dense hydroxyapatite disk, with adhesion and proliferation of the cells compared. Since these osteoblast-like cell lines adhere and proliferate on the surface and in the pore of hydroxyapatite, evaluation of the biocompatibility such as cell affinity was found possible with this in vitro method. With the view of obtaining principles for designing new bioactive ceramics, a method was developed for evaluating apatite-forming abilities of metal oxide gels having different compositions and structures in simulated body fluid. (NEDO)

  11. Basic survey project for joint implementation. Feasibility study for the diffusion of fluidized bed cement kiln system in China; 1998 nendo kyodo jisshi nado suishin kiso chosa. Chugoku ni okeru ryudosho cement kirun fukyu chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Discussions were given on conversion of shaft kilns mainly used at Tianjin Cement and Huaxin Cement to the fluidized bed cement kiln of the most advanced type. Possibility of energy conservation in China, that is reduction of carbon dioxide emission, was evaluated. This system has been developed by the Center for Coal Utilization, Japan. The system is characterized by reduction of greenhouse effect gas emission, elimination of the problem of dust scattering from sintering facilities, stabilized production of high-quality clinker, capability of using low-grade coal and anthracite, and reduction of cement production cost. As a result of the discussions, the reduction rate of greenhouse effect gases was found about 17 to 33%. The cost effect may be calculated as 2 to 5 thousand yen per ton of CO2 reduction amount assuming the system life of 20 years. If this process has been diffused into China, the quantity of CO2 to be reduced will reach about four million tons annually assuming a diffusion rate of 10%. This project shows as high profitability as about 20% at IRR, and the system is more advantageous economically than the shaft kiln. (NEDO)

  12. Report on research results of the development of high efficient boilers in fiscal 1996. Research development of high efficient industrial furnaces, etc; Koseino boiler no kaihatsu ni kansuru kenkyu seika hokokusho. Koseino kogyoro nado ni kansuru kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    Out of the developments of high efficient boilers which have been continued since fiscal 1993, the paper reported the result of the development conducted in fiscal 1996. The oxygen combustion (the oxygen enrichment combustion including 100% oxygen combustion) decreases the amount of flue gas and reduces heat loss of the flue gas, and is also effective as NOx reduction measures. The experiment was conducted using testing furnace. The boiler efficiency rapidly increased with the increasing concentration of oxygen enrichment. In the pure oxygen combustion, the overall boiler efficiency of a 106% level (low heating value standard) is expected. Since the boiler wet flue gas is decreased, the NOx emission is reduced. The boiler can raise the combustion temperature with no fear of NOx and can be reduced in size. CO2 decreases in proportion to the energy saving effect. The development of a condensation flue gas heat exchanger is aimed at recovering heat down to the low temperature. Prediction of heat transfer in the steam condensation region becomes possible, and the size reduction can be expected. Dew point corrosion resistant materials were also selected. As to the high speed combustion control, a simple type using micro-processor was developed. Obtained were high speed, compactness, electric power saving, and high controllability. 14 refs., 306 figs., 88 tabs.

  13. FY 1998 annual report on the survey on overseas geological structures. Project for exchanging engineers (coal mining technology area) (Vietnam); 1998 nendo kaigai chishitsu kozo nado chosaa. Gijutsusha koryu jigyo (tanko gijutsu bun'ya) (Vietnam)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    The project for exchanging engineers has been implemented, in order to improve production and managemental techniques of coal mining engineers in the Asia-Pacific region, promote smooth and efficient projects for surveying overseas geological structures, and facilitate stable supply of overseas coal to Japan. The FY 1998 project was concentrated on Vietnam, to which Japanese coal mining engineers were sent, and from which production management engineers were invited to Japan as trainees. The Japanese engineers sent to Vietnam educated the underground coal mining techniques. The Vietnamese management engineers invited were trained for, e.g., production management techniques (e.g., those for workplaces and organizations) in the Japanese mines, administrative management techniques, and techniques to improve safety and productivity in the mines. Coal Energy Center and Taiheiyo Mining's Kushiro Mine provided training facilities. (NEDO)

  14. FY 2000 report on the basic survey to promote Joint Implementation, etc. Upgrading of energy utilization in the cement production process; 2000 nendo kyodo jisshi nado suishin kiso chosa hokokusho. Cement seizo kotei ni okeru energy kodoka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    An investigational study was conducted of a project for energy conservation and greenhouse effect gas reduction by introducing the steam injection gas turbine generator to production facilities of the Siam Cement Industry Corporation (SCI) in Thailand. In the project, studies were made on the following: no purchases of electric power by introduction of the steam injection gas turbine generator; additional heating by gas turbine exhaust gas by introduction of the kiln combustion air heater; remodeling of the preheater of raw materials, and the partial calcination before kiln sintering by introduction of the calcination furnace. As a result of the study, the energy conservation amount was 1,200 toe/y, and the greenhouse effect gas reduction amount was approximately 8,000 t-CO2/y, which led to the reserve power for increased production of clinker by about 18%. The size of investment was 314.5 million Baht in total. As to the evaluation of economical efficiency of the investment, the actual period of ROI was a little less than 5 years, and the internal earning rate was 17.7%, which substantially met with SCI's standards for equipment investment. However, there are problems on the gas supply infrastructure, recovery of the white cement demand, etc. (NEDO)

  15. FY 1999 report on the results of the R and D of the environmental technology of recycling, etc. 1; 1999 nendo recycle nado kankyo gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    For the purpose of reducing environmental loads of waste and recycling waste, etc., the R and D were carried out, and the FY 1999 results were summarized. In the study of the technology for high-grade recycling of PET bottles, construction work for stabilization of the quality of drainage water was done of a demonstration plant with a treating capacity of 8,000t/y which was constructed in FY 1996, and the stability in long-term operation was examined. In the survey of fluctuations in flake quality, the verification data indicated that the plant could be stably operated. As to the alteration of the bottle cleaning process from wet method to dry method, stabilization of the label separation performance was recognized. By the above-mentioned matters, the technology to recycle/treat PET bottles was established. In the development of the technology to recycle waste plastics which are difficult to treat, assessment was made of the treatment capacity in dry distillation gasification furnace of shredder dust and gasification characteristics. As to the removal of wire harness, separation of glass from fine copper wire, etc., methods which are promising were proposed, and it was concluded that those were not valid as a treatment method in the plant scale in terms of economical efficiency. (NEDO)

  16. Fiscal 2000 report on entrusted follow-up project for research cooperation on simplified industrial wastewater purification system; 2000 nendo sangyo haisui nado no kan'i joka system ni kansuru kenkyu kyoryoku follow up gyomu hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    The Research Cooperation Project on Simplified Industrial Wastewater Purification System carried out in cooperation with Indonesia and Malaysia was terminated in fiscal 1998. A follow-up check was conducted for spreading the fruits of the project. In concrete terms, for the study of problems to solve for the dissemination across Malaysia of the results of the project implemented in that country, technical guidance was provided relative to the study of operation performed by the counterpart operating their own pilot plant and the like. International Meeting for Technical Exchange was participated in, convened in Thailand in the period March 6-8, 2001. The contents of research activities included the two fields of (1) the selection of coagulants and (2) the study of pilot plant operation. In field (1), PAC (poly-aluminum chloride) and aluminum sulfate were compared with each other in terms of performance and cost in case they were used as coagulants, and then it was made clear that PAC was superior. In field (2), operation was studied using UASB (upflow anaerobic sludge blanket) type facilities of Southern Acid Plant. (NEDO)

  17. Study on ease of handling automobile secondary controls. Part 1. Procedure to seek numbers on radio station selecting buttons; Radio, eakon nado no sosasei. 1. Radio senkyoku button no shikibetsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ikemura, S [Meijo University, Nagoya (Japan); Noda, K [Ryowa Sheet Metal Processing Co. Ltd., Aichi (Japan); Nozaki, H

    1997-10-01

    Times to recognize the numbers on the radio station selecting buttons about horizontal straight 6 layout were measured using electro-oculogram. There are two kinds of basic pattern to seek numbers. One is that recognition times of both end numbers are shorter than those of central numbers. The other is that recognition times of all numbers are nearly same. How the subjects seek the numbers was studied using the amount of information and entropy. 6 refs., 8 figs., 5 tabs.

  18. FY 1999 Report on overseas geological structure surveys. Joint Japan-China Yu Xian exploitation project; 1999 nendo kaigai chishitsu kozo nado chosa hokokusho. Nippon Chugoku sekitan kyodo tansa Yu Xian project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    This project is based on the (agreement of the joint exploitation project for Yu Xian block in Yu Xian coal mine, Province of Hepei by Japan's NEDO and China's Coal Geological Bureau), signed on October 4, 1996. The joint project mainly comprises seismic exploitation and test drilling, Japan being mainly responsible for the former and China for the latter. The final report will be drawn jointly for the geological survey results necessary for designing coal mines. The Yu Xian block contains the Jurassic coal seams, which are covered by the Quaternary bed and not exposed to the surface. The Quaternary bed base is 50 to 400 m deep from the surface, and coal seams are 300 to 700 m deep also from the surface. A total of 11 coal seams are located in the Xiahuayuan strata as the coal-bearing strata. The first and fifth seams are most promising ones. In particular, the fifth seam is thick (0.2 to 6.91 m thick) and distributed throughout the block. It is estimated that 8 coal seams have a total coal quantity of approximately 346 million tons. (NEDO)

  19. Fiscal 1998 research report. Popularization project of the proper treatment technology of industrial wastes in Asian regions; 1998 nendo chosa hokokusho. Asia chiiki sangyo haikibutsu tekiseika shori gijutsu nado fukyu sokushin jigyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    Study was made on popularization of the proper treatment technology of industrial wastes in Asian regions. In principle, industrial wastes should be recycled in a country concerned, however, because of a difference in technology and industrial location, treatment of all industrial wastes in a country concerned is impossible. International cooperation is thus indispensable to promote proper efficient practical measures for environment. For studying the possibility of the international cooperation between Japan and Asian countries concerned for further recognition and solution of industrial waste problems, 'International Symposium on the Asian Industrial Waste Issue' have been held in Tokyo since 1997 for governmental staffs. In fiscal 1998, Malaysia was invited in addition to China, Philippines and Thailand for popularization of the proper treatment and recycling of industrial wastes in Asian regions. In every Asian countries, poor collection of discharge, treatment and disposal data is an obstacle to effective treatment. Technical cooperation and financial support by developed countries are demanded. (NEDO)

  20. Reports on research achievements in developing high-performance industrial furnaces in fiscal 1998 (Research and development of high-performance industrial furnaces). Volume 1; 1998 nendo koseino kogyoro nado ni kansuru kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    From the reports on research achievements in developing high-performance industrial furnaces in fiscal 1998, the report volume 1 was prepared as a research achievement report of each working group, detailing fundamental researches, heating furnaces, and heat treatment furnaces. The fundamental researches have researched combustion evaluating technology, characteristics of the area in the vicinity of a combustor, characteristics of combustion of high-temperature air, heating characteristics of a furnace to investigate effect of local heat absorption, and combustion evaluation. For the heating furnaces, the following subjects were studied: development of an in-furnace combustion model, summary of an experiment for evaluating high-temperature air combustion, furnace height relative to combustion heat transfer characteristics, heat loss minimizing technology, combustion heat transfer characteristics of liquid fuels, optimal operation of the high-temperature air combustion, basic control in heating control, and steel piece heating control. Studies were performed for the heat treatment furnaces on the case of a direct firing furnace in evaluating the heat transfer characteristics, the case of a radiant tube furnace, application of thermal fluid simulation technology, furnace averaging technology, soot reducing technology, control technology, and trial design on a high-performance heat treatment furnace. (NEDO)

  1. Fiscal 1998 overseas geological structure survey report on the engineer interchange project (coal mine technology field), Indonesia; 1998 nendo kaigai chishitsu kozo nado chosa gijutsusha koryu jigyo (tanko gijutsu bun'ya), Indonesia hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    This project aims at improvement of coal mining technology and productivity in Indonesia by Japanese production control technology and business management technology for underground coal mining, through interchange of coal engineers between Japan and Indonesia. This project is composed of the short- term and long-term dispatch project of engineers to Indonesia, and the training project of Indonesian engineers in Japan. In fiscal 1998, the short-term dispatch was made for the training in Indonesia on underground coal mine development (development planning, pit mouth selection, main gallery design, mining system selection, transport planning, ventilation planning, under-river mining, mine water proofing, drainage). The long-term dispatch was made for contact and negotiation with concerned Indonesian organizations, support of the training project, and collection of information on the trend of Indonesian economy and energy, and the present and trend of the coal industry for conducting smooth and effective engineer interchange. (NEDO)

  2. Verification survey of geothermal exploration technology, etc. Report on the result of the developmental research on the development of the fracture type reservoir exploration method; Chinetsu tansa gijutsu nado kensho chosa. Danretsugata choryuso tansaho kaihatsu kenkyu kaihatsu seika sokatsu hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    For the purpose of grasping fracture groups forming geothermal reservoirs with accuracy, the development of the fracture type reservoir exploration method has advanced the technical development of exploration methods of seismic wave use, electromagnetic induction use, and micro-earthquake use. This paper summarized main results of the development and problems to be solved in the future. In the development of the seismic wave use exploration method, the high accuracy reflection method using seismic wave, VSP and seismic tomography were adopted to the geothermal field, and technology effective for the exploration of fracture type reservoirs was developed. In the development of the electromagnetic induction use exploration method, the array CSMT method which can measure multiple stations along the traverse line at the same time was developed with the aim of grasping effectively and accurately fracture groups forming geothermal reservoirs as changes of resistivity in the shallow-deep underground. In the fracture group forming geothermal reservoirs, micro-earthquakes are generated by movement of thermal water and pressure variations. In the development of the micro-earthquake use exploration method, developed was the micro-earthquake data processing and analysis system (MEPAS). 179 refs., 117 figs., 28 tabs.

  3. FY 1999 achievement report on the development of high performance boilers. R and D on high performance industrial furnaces, etc.; 1999 nendo koseino boiler no kaihatsu ni kansuru kenkyu seika hokokusho. Koseino kogyoro nado ni kansuru kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    This project started in FY 1993 to survey the actual state of industrial use boilers. Based on the results of the survey, in fiscal 1995, 1996 and 1997, no improvement of the present technology which has limits, but the development was made of the oxygen combustion and element technology which are factors for heightening boiler performance with a new idea first in the world. In fiscal 1998, a target for the overall thermal efficiency of 105% was settled by testing a pilot plant where the element technology was integrated into the small once-through boiler, flue/smoke tube boiler, water tube boiler, etc. In fiscal 1999, the target of the overall thermal efficiency of boiler was reached by a pilot plant test to clarify combustion characteristics, heat transfer characteristics, environmental characteristics, etc. Further, effects of energy saving were increased by the adoption method of oxygen supply equipment. Concretely, an overall boiler efficiency of 105.73% exceeding the targeted value of 105% was achieved at a pilot plant of actual scale, by concentrating the results of each of the element technologies such as 'oxygen combustion,' 'condensation type flue gas heat exchanger,' 'high performance combustion control device,' and 'rapid rotating auxiliary machine.' (NEDO)

  4. Fiscal 2000 report on entrusted follow-up project for research cooperation on simplified industrial wastewater purification system; 2000 nendo sangyo haisui nado no kan'i joka system ni kansuru kenkyu kyoryoku follow up gyomu hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    The Research Cooperation Project on Simplified Industrial Wastewater Purification System carried out in cooperation with Indonesia and Malaysia was terminated in fiscal 1998. A follow-up check was conducted for spreading the fruits of the project. In concrete terms, for the study of problems to solve for the dissemination across Malaysia of the results of the project implemented in that country, technical guidance was provided relative to the study of operation performed by the counterpart operating their own pilot plant and the like. International Meeting for Technical Exchange was participated in, convened in Thailand in the period March 6-8, 2001. The contents of research activities included the two fields of (1) the selection of coagulants and (2) the study of pilot plant operation. In field (1), PAC (poly-aluminum chloride) and aluminum sulfate were compared with each other in terms of performance and cost in case they were used as coagulants, and then it was made clear that PAC was superior. In field (2), operation was studied using UASB (upflow anaerobic sludge blanket) type facilities of Southern Acid Plant. (NEDO)

  5. Report for fiscal 1999 on basic commercialization survey related to geological structure surveys in overseas countries (Kalewa area, Myanmar); 1999 nendo kaigai chishitsu kozo nado chosa ni kakawaru kigyoka kiso chosa (Myanmar Kalewa chiku) hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    Commercialization survey was performed on the coal beds in the Kalewa area in the Union of Myanmar by means of geological structure surveys. The site surveys included on-the-ground survey, test drilling survey, sample collection and analysis, and infrastructure survey. The on-the-ground survey area spread out about 5.5 km{sup 2}, wherein nine test wells were drilled (for total distance of 2,046.74 m), and coal and rock sample collection and analysis were carried out on six samples. The infrastructure survey was performed on coal transporting roads, and barge loading planned points and facilities. As a result of the test drilling survey, existence of coal beds with thickness of 4 ft, 9 ft and 6ft was identified. Since the 9-ft bed in particular exists stably with inclination of 40 to 42 degrees over the whole subject area, it was made clear that the bed can be the object of mining as the main coal bed. The coal is the ordinary coal with such good qualities as ash content of 4.72%, total sulfur content of 0.22%, and total calorific power of 6,500 to 6,570 kcal/kg. The defined coal quantity for the 9-ft bed is four million tons, or 7.7 million tons in total if the estimated coal quantity is added. The quantity will amount to 15.3 million tons when those of the 4-ft and 6-ft beds are added. (NEDO)

  6. Survey report 1998. Survey on actual condition of science parks and similar facilities in Asian countries; 1998 nendo chosa hokokusho. Asia shokoku chiiki ni okeru science park nado no jittai chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Implemented at NEDO, on such technical development issues peculiar to developing nations as are difficult to solve by their research and development ability alone, has been a consistent research cooperation with countries in question, such as installation of plants and research facilities, joint research operation, and training of researchers, while Japanese technological skill and research and development know how are utilized, as the international cooperation projects. In this survey, an actual condition was investigated including potential of science parks and similar facilities in Asian countries (Thailand, Indonesia, Malaysia and India), for the purpose of unearthing the needs, seeds, etc., of the future international research cooperation projects. The parks and facilities selected for the survey are as follows. The Thai technology/science parks are the Thai Science Park and four other parks; the Indonesian technology parks are Bukit Indah Industrial City and eleven other parks; the major Malaysian technology parks are Technology Park Malaysia and fourteen other parks; the major Indian technology parks are Electronics City and fifteen other parks. (NEDO)

  7. Report on the project for spread/promotion of technology for the industrial waste optimized treatment in the Asian region; Asia chiiki sangyo haikibutsu tekiseika shori gijutsu nado fukyu sokushin jigyo hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    The International Symposium `98 on the industrial waste problem in the Asian region was held in Tokyo on February 18, 1998. MITI commented on the present situation of the industrial waste problem in Japan and Japan`s environmental tackling toward the Asian region, and also Asian countries (China, the Philippines, Thailand and Korea) made reports. Japan reported on environmental preservation measures taken in the industrial circle, the industrial waste problem at companies which advanced into Asian countries, effects of the Basel Convention (which restricts border-crossing movement of harmful wastes) on recycle activities, Japan`s role in Asia, etc. In the panel discussion, discussions were made on human interchange in the informatization, recycling technology, shortage of personnel concerned with environmental protection, construction of a network in the Asian region and Japan` s role, etc. As to the treatment system for waste, the necessity was recognized of studying systems which meet with actual states of each country. It is also necessary to go on with discussing how the system should be for cooperation between governments and private companies. Importance of the recycle and information exchange was emphasized. 10 refs., 14 figs., 27 tabs.

  8. Report on the project for spread/promotion of technology for the industrial waste optimized treatment in the Asian region (International Symposium `98); Asia chiiki sangyo haikibutsu tekiseika shori gijutsu nado fukyu sokushin jigyo (symposium kaisai) hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    In Japan and Asian countries, the optimized treatment of industrial waste is the problem with the economic growth. Border-crossing movement of the waste for promotion of the renewable use is also a problem. Therefore, the International Symposium `98 on the industrial waste problem in the Asian region was held. China, Thailand, the Philippines and Korea were invited to Japan to give lectures. MITI of Japan reported on the present situation of Japan and the cooperation with Asian countries. The industrial circle reported on efforts for environmental protection measures to be taken, the industrial waste problem at companies which advanced into Asian countries, effects of the Basel Convention on recycling activities, Japan`s role in Asia, etc. In the panel discussion, promotion of cooperation for recycling technology and Japan`s support for formulating strategy on the industrial waste were requested to Japan, and the construction of an Asian area network was proposed. Concerning the cooperative system between governments and private companies, it was concluded that it was necessary to discuss it considering the actual state of each country. Importance of recycle and information exchange was realized again. 10 refs., 15 figs., 27 tabs.

  9. Fatores intrínsecos do custo energético da locomoção durante a natação Factores intrínsecos del desgaste energético de locomoción durante la natación Intrinsic factors of the locomotion energy cost during swimming

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabrizio Caputo

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available A quantidade de energia metabólica gasta em transportar a massa corporal de um sujeito por unidade de distância tem sido definida como custo energético da locomoção, ou especificamente para natação, o custo de nado. As diferenças no custo de nado entre os indivíduos parecem ser influenciadas por dois principais fatores, a resistência hidrodinâmica e habilidade técnica do nadador. O menor custo de nado apresentado pelas mulheres tem sido atribuído a menor resistência hidrodinâmica decorrente de menor tamanho corporal, maior percentagem de gordura e melhor posicionamento horizontal. Porém, essas diferenças no custo de nado entre homens e mulheres desaparecem quando corrigidos para o tamanho corporal. Em relação às crianças, o maior custo de nado comparado com o dos adultos quando corrigidos para o tamanho corporal pode ser explicado principalmente por menor habilidade técnica apresentada por elas. Para indivíduos com as mesmas características antropométricas, melhor habilidade técnica e maior tamanho da superfície de propulsão, associados a aumento na eficiência propulsiva, podem reduzir o custo de nado. Quando se comparam os diferentes estilos, o mais econômico é o crawl seguido pelo de costas em qualquer velocidade de nado. O borboleta é o estilo menos econômico a baixas velocidades (La cantidad de energía metabólica gastada en transportar la masa corporal de un individuo por unidad de distancia ha sido definida como el desgaste energético de locomoción, o específicamente para la natación, el desgaste de nado. Las diferencias en el desgaste de nado entre los individuos parecen ser influenciadas por dos principales factores, la resistencia hidrodinámica y la habilidad técnica del nadador. El menor desgaste de nado presentado por las mujeres ha sido atribuido a una menor resistencia hidrodinámica proveniente de un menor tamaño corporal, mayor porcentaje de grasa, y mejor posicionamiento horizontal. Sin

  10. Survey of technological advancement of coal exploitation in Asia and Pacific for fiscal 1997. Formulation of production plans for model coal mines in China; 1997 nendo Asia Taiheiyo sekitan kaihatsu kodoka chosa. Chugoku ni okeru model tanko no seisan keikaku no sakutei

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    In view of the prospective demand for coal in China and of the current state of transportation, a development plan is formulated for Tangkou Mining Area (of model mines) for the purpose of realizing efficient exploitation of coal. The infrastructures for coal transportation are complete in this area, and delivery of coal is easy from this area to the coal demanding regions. Although coal seams are quite deep in the ground, the important ones contain rich reserves. Exploitation is carried out under a vertical shaft scheme, in which pits extend horizontally at the level of 950m below the sea surface. As for production, an annual yield of 3-million ton is predicted thanks to two compositely mechanized coal faces. Coal is won by the monolayer side hole method in the case of seams not thicker than 4.0m, and by the caved stope method in the case not thinner than 4.0m. Employed for the mines are 1077 people. Operation days are 300, efficiency 15t/man/shift. The annual sale in total is expected to be worth 759-million 534.6-thousand yuan. To be required for the construction will be 1.2-billion yuan for mines and 0.2-billion yuan for coal dressing facilities, or 1.4-billion yuan in all, and the figures indicate that the plan is economically promising. 43 figs., 119 tabs.

  11. FY 2001 report on the new energy vision of the Ishigaki City area. Survey for working out 'the project for the introduction of biomass energy in the central urban area of Ishigaki City'; 2001 nendo Ishigaki shi chiiki shin energy vision sakutei tou jigyo hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    Study was made of potentialities of the project of 'an energy supply system for biomass energy using business-derived raw refuse' indicated in 'the new energy vision of Ishigaki City, Okinawa Prefecture.' The amount of the recovered business-derived raw refuse was set at 5.6t at the minimum as against the discharged amount of 8t, and it was calculated that the amount of the biogas generated from the high temperature methane fermentation would be 757.7 m{sup 3}/d. The amount of the suppliable energy calculated from the above was 1,102.4 kWh/d in gas engine. Further, as to the energy demand, supposing the energy demand in large-scale hot bath facilities using salt as a resource of the area, it was calculated that the energy demand would be approximately 1MWh/d altogether with that in the biogas plant. As a result of the study of profitability of the project, the following was found out: it takes 25 years to recover the invested capital in the case of carrying out the biogas plant project alone and 18 years to recover it in the case of carrying out the hot bath facility project alone. In the case of carrying out both projects as one, it takes 18 years to recover the invested capital, the same as in the case of carrying out the hot bath facility project alone, but a great shortage from 6 years to 3 years is shown of the period required to get out of the cumulative deficit. (NEDO)

  12. Report on fiscal 1996 basic survey project for efficient use of energy in developing countries - database building project. Part 2. Decision on data base dissemination plan; 1996 nendo hatten tojokoku energy koritsuka kiso chosa jigyo (database kochiku jigyo) hokokusho. 2. Database no fukyu keikaku no sakutei

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    A dissemination plan was decided on concerning an energy-related database, which has been prepared in the eight countries including Japan in the Asian Pacific region since fiscal 1993. The database is so designed that the energy-related data of the eight countries are retained equally by each country and that the data of all these countries are readily made available in each of these counties in the same manner as retrieving the data of its own. It is necessary that each country establishes a system of amassing data of its own and collecting the data continuously as well as renewing the data mutually with the other countries. The disseminating/enlightening measures of the database were extracted from such viewpoints as enhancing the recognition level, educating/enlightening the usage, teaching the operation method, and customizing the NEDO-DB. In addition, a plan was prepared in which organizations/institutions, as the object of the dissemination and enlightenment in each country, were classified into four groups based on the relation to their counterpart and on the possibility of the database utilization, with a schedule made for each group as to the implementation of each of the disseminating/enlightening measures. (NEDO)

  13. Report on investigation of new energy vision at Hamanaka Town area. Investigation theme 'Investigation on commercialization of bio-gas facility at Hamana Town'; 2001 nendo Hamanaka cho chiiki shin energy vision sakutei tou chosa hokokusho. Chosa tema Hamanaka cho baiogasu shisetsu jigyoka chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    In the 'new energy vision at Hamanaka Town area' planned in the previous fiscal year, investigations and discussions were given on commercialization of the 'bio-gas plant (joint type) utilizing livestock excreta, kitchen refuse, fishery-based wastes, dairy factory washing sludge, and sewage sludge'. The investigations were carried out for the joint type bio-gas plant on the local citizens' intention and participation, examples in Europe, examples in Japan, introduction of overseas examples of technological levels of the plant to be introduced, operating conditions of factories in Japan, and systems to be employed. In addition, discussions were given on economic evaluation on the business, and the nuclear organization of the business and operation, and effects of promoting the business. Issues in promoting the business included the fund supporting policies, assurance of operation rates in the severely cold season, maximization of electric power and thermal efficiencies, assurance of kitchen refuse resources, assurance of commission expense in the revenue aspect, assurance of major stockholders in the operating organization, assurance of the systems in the operation aspect, stocks of the new company to be possessed by Hamanaka Township residents, and acquisition of performance guarantee. (NEDO)

  14. Research report of fiscal 1997. Research on building up of a NEDO vision (summary of subsidy researches and their future direction); 1997 nendo chosa hokokusho. NEDO vision no sakutei ni muketa chosa (kofukin chosa no matome to kongo no hosaku ni tsuite)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    The planning department of NEDO is required to control development sections, and present the basic policy of activities. The department has thus carried out the following subsidy researches: medium/long-range introduction of new energies, study on the NEDO vision, excavation of concrete project seeds and effective use of its result, systematic preparation of basic data on new energy and energy saving. These subsidy researches sums to 480 for the first 17 years. The department now summarized each previous research data for easy understanding, and constructed the system which can systematically arrange data on future subsidy researches. The department also facilitated building up of the NEDO vision by proposing the direction of future subsidy researches, and prepared a database of the subsidy research reports. The trend of the researches was analyzed by systematically classifying the research results, and an easy retrieval system was constructed by giving retrieval codes to each data. The basic direction of a future research policy and effective use of research results is proposed. 23 figs., 7 tabs.

  15. Fiscal 2000 regional new energy vision formulation - Financially aided project. Report on regional new energy vision formulation for Ueno village (Object of survey: Commercialization feasibility study for a stand-alone type wind power generation system at Ueno German Culture Village); 2000 nendo Uenoson chiiki shin energy vision sakutei hokokusho. Ueno Doitsu bunkamura dokuritsugata furyoku hatsuden system jigyoka feasibility study chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    A survey is conducted about the profitability of installing a stand-alone type wind power system at Ueno village (Miyako Island), Okinawa Prefecture. The German Culture Village, which is an integrated resort house provided with accommodations (500 people), educational and cultural facilities, and sports facilities consumes 272 MWh/year in electric power. The results of the survey are summarized in six chapters, which are (1) the survey of the business under the project to be the object of feasibility study, (2) project to be the object of feasibility study, (3) outline of the Okinawa Electric Power Co., Inc., Miyakojima system and problems to ensue from its interconnection with wind turbines, (4) survey of stand-alone type wind turbine power generation systems, (5) technical/economic feasibility study, and (6) project management and future tasks. It is concluded that there will be profit in the presence of a subsidy that covers 65% or more of the total cost of constructing a system comprising three 600 KW wind turbines, three 400 kW class diesel generators, and storage batteries. (NEDO)

  16. FY 1999 report on the results of the superconductive energy application technology development/research on a total system, etc. Survey of potentiality of the commercialization of superconductive technology, effects of the introduction, etc. (Future course of the superconductive technology development in Japan); 1999 nendo chodendo denryoku oryokuyo gijutsu kaihatsu total system nado no kenkyu. Chodendo gijutsu no jitsuyoka kanosei oyobi donyu koka nado no chosa (Nippon ni okeru chodendo gijutsu kaihatsu no kongo no hokosei)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    By the use of superconductive technology, the following are aimed at: marked reduction in power loss of electrical equipment and power transmission path, and size/weight reduction in electrical devices by high current/magnetic flux density. The superconductive technology has advantages such as great energy saving effect, CO2 reduction and global environmental preservation. As an example, concerning the superconductive generator now being developed under the New Sunshine Project, power loss can be reduced by half, and by the use of high magnetic field, size/weight can be reduced such as reduction in rotor diameter and reduction in weight by half. Further, as an innovative system, cited are the superconducting magnetic energy storage system (SMES) and flywheel energy storage system. The superconducting magnetic levitation railway, medical use MRI, etc. have also innovativity which is difficult to get in the conventional technology. Effects are also expected of introducing the process development using superconducting magnet such as magnetic separation, electromagnetic metallurgy, electromagnetic agitation and monocrytal growth convection control. Also cited is Josephson electronic device. High performance SQUID in bio-magnetic/non-destructive inspection is also expected to be developed. (NEDO)

  17. FY 2000 report on the survey project on the policy for international energy utilization rationalization, etc. - model project on the heightening of international energy consumption efficiency. Viability survey of the project on energy conservation in the urea synthesis process in India; 2000 nendo kokusai energy shiyo gorika nado taisaku jigyo - kokusai energy shohi koritsuka nado model jigyo chosa hokokusho. Indo ni okeru nyoso gosei process sho energy jigyo jisshi kanosei chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    For the purpose of conserving energy and reducing greenhouse effect gas, a remodeling project was studied of urea plants constructed from the 1960s to the 1970s. Conditions for being companies for study are as follows: company has a production scale of more than 0.2 million t/y, adopts the complete circulation method, and will continue operation. And, Duncans Industries Ltd. (DIL) was selected. DIL owns the ammonia plant of 3 series x 400 t/d and the urea plant of 3 series x 682 t/d. In the modeling, stripper and carbamate condenser are added to the existing reactor as the main equipment. As a result of the study, the energy conservation effect was 13,667 toe/y, and the amount of reduction in greenhouse effect gas was 42,289 t-CO2/y. The total amount of this project was roughly estimated at 1.517 billion yen. By carrying out the project, the urea production cost is reduced approximately $9/t, but the project becomes unprofitable if the urea price is based on $188.1/t. (NEDO)

  18. Report on a survey in fiscal 1999. Supplementary survey on research and development of carbon dioxide fixation and effective utilization technologies utilizing bacteria and algae (the survey on feasibility of bio-technologies to create economic effects, such as the biological CO2 fixation technology); 1999 nendo saikin sorui nado riyo nisanka tanso koteika yuko riyo gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu futai chosa. Keizaiteki koka wo soshutsusuru seibutsuteki CO{sub 2} koteigijutsu nado no biotechnology no kanosei chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    Bio-technologies including the biological CO2 fixation technology, or the green bio-technologies (GBT) are the technologies indispensable in realizing the change to a resource circulating and environment harmonizing society that accompanies economical growth, or in other words, the 'sustainable development'. In quantifying the feasibility of these technologies, the GBTs that contribute to creating Japan's international competitive power and employment were specified, and an approach to establish the realization target in 2010 was adopted, upon identifying the general condition of the related markets inside and outside the country. The GBT is the technology that makes the best use of Japan's independent strength created by combining the enzyme engineering and fermentation engineering with the 'genome science' (HEART). The targets are to substitute four million kiloliters of petroleum with a resource circulation type energy generated by the bio-technology; apply the bio-technology to about 30% of products and processes produced or used in Japan's chemical industries; and aim at creating markets by using environmental measurement and analysis, treatment of hard-to-decompose substances, and supports on tree planting as the three pillars. A simulation on return on investment in GBT business suggests the effect of promoting PFI. (NEDO)

  19. Advanced research and development of gas hydrate resources. R and D of exploration and others - R and D of excavation technologies and others - surveys/researches on methods of evaluating environmental effects - surveys/researches on application systems; Gas hydrate shigenka gijutsu sendo kenkyu kaihatsu. Tansa nado ni kansuru kenkyu kaihatsu / kussaku gijutsu nado ni kansuru kenkyu kaihatsu / kankyo eikyo hyokaho no chosa kenkyu / riyo system ni kansuru chosa kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    Gas hydrate is a clathrate compound in a gaseous molecule as the host, stable under relatively mild environments. It is deposited in the 600m or deeper sea bottoms to form the gas hydrate deposit and massively occurring in the sea areas around Japan. This deposit has been studied viewed from natural gas resources, causes for natural hazards and contribution to the global warming. This project excavates a well in the deposit, to study possibilities of the technologies for decomposing, fluidizing and lifting the hydrate as the gas source, and for establishing the natural gas transporting/mooring systems in which its characteristics are utilized. The R and D activities are directed to the 4 areas, (1) development of the exploration technologies to determine the deposit sea area, quantity and conditions, (2) development of the stable well-excavation technologies, (3) studies on the effects of gas production on the environments, and development of the system for predicting the effects, (4) and studies on the application systems. The item (3) finds out the transportation/storage system possibly more economical than the current freezing/liquefaction technologies. The item (3) has the development themes of evaluating the geohazards caused by excavation and gas production, and their effects on the ecological systems. (NEDO)

  20. Report on a survey in fiscal 1999. Supplementary survey on research and development of carbon dioxide fixation and effective utilization technologies utilizing bacteria and algae (the survey on feasibility of bio-technologies to create economic effects, such as the biological CO2 fixation technology); 1999 nendo saikin sorui nado riyo nisanka tanso koteika yuko riyo gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu futai chosa. Keizaiteki koka wo soshutsusuru seibutsuteki CO{sub 2} koteigijutsu nado no biotechnology no kanosei chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    Bio-technologies including the biological CO2 fixation technology, or the green bio-technologies (GBT) are the technologies indispensable in realizing the change to a resource circulating and environment harmonizing society that accompanies economical growth, or in other words, the 'sustainable development'. In quantifying the feasibility of these technologies, the GBTs that contribute to creating Japan's international competitive power and employment were specified, and an approach to establish the realization target in 2010 was adopted, upon identifying the general condition of the related markets inside and outside the country. The GBT is the technology that makes the best use of Japan's independent strength created by combining the enzyme engineering and fermentation engineering with the 'genome science' (HEART). The targets are to substitute four million kiloliters of petroleum with a resource circulation type energy generated by the bio-technology; apply the bio-technology to about 30% of products and processes produced or used in Japan's chemical industries; and aim at creating markets by using environmental measurement and analysis, treatment of hard-to-decompose substances, and supports on tree planting as the three pillars. A simulation on return on investment in GBT business suggests the effect of promoting PFI. (NEDO)

  1. FY 2000 report on the results of the technology development of energy use reduction of machine tools, etc. Technology development of environmental load reduction related to water soluble lubricating oil, etc. (R and D of low energy coolant degradation prevention technology and waste liquid processing technology); 2000 nendo energy shiyo gorika kosaku kikai nado gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Suiyosei junkatsuyu ni kakawaru kankyo fuka teigen nado gijutsu kanri (tei energy coolant fuhai boshi gijutsu oyobi haieki shori gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    The R and D were carried out on a system by which the long life of coolant of machine tools can be achieved and a system to process waste efficiently, economically and with less environmental loads, and the FY 2000 results were summed up. In the R and D of a system to prevent degradation of low energy coolant, measurement was made of effects of the degradation prevention system at a laboratory level, and it was found out that propagation of bacteria causing the degradation can be prevented with pH kept high. Further, it was admitted that the alkali effect on metal formability was not very much. As to the coolant processing, in the present situation, most of the coolant is taken back by industrial waste processing dealers. So, the development of the low energy waste liquid processing system is earnestly desired. In the R and D of the low energy waste liquid processing system, test on characteristics evaluation was conducted about each method of systems. Subjects to be improved/solved were extracted such as the point that volatile organic matters are included in condensed water after evaporation of waste liquid and there seems to be a possibility of needing the secondary processing. (NEDO)

  2. Report on the achievements in fiscal 1999. Technology to use gas hydrate as a resource (Research and development for exploration, research and development on drilling technologies, investigative research on an environment influence evaluation method, and investigative research on a utilization system); 1999 nendo gas hydrate shigenka gijutsu sendo kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Tansa nado ni kansuru kenkyu kaihatsu, kussaku gijutsu nado ni kansuru kenkyu kaihatsu, kankyo eikyo hyokaho no chosa kenkyu, riyo system ni kansuru chosa kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    The contents of the research and development performed in the current fiscal year are as follows: (1) research and development for exploration, (2) research and development on drilling technologies, (3) investigative research on an environment influence evaluation method, and (4) investigative research on a utilization system. In Item (1), element analysis data are used to study a method to estimate production environment of hydrate ore beds by using an inorganic ion analyzer and a trace amount element analyzer, the crust thermal flow measuring method is used to discuss a method to analyze the hydrate stability zones together with the data of sea area exploration records, and conceptual design is made on a resource potential evaluation system. In Item (2), experiments and analytical discussions are performed on decomposition control of the gas hydrate solid-liquid interface according to such conditions for the drilling fluid as temperatures and flow rates. Elucidation is given on the initial process of bubble generation for behavior of decomposed gas bubbles. Observation and elucidation are made on two-phase flow behavior of non-Newtonian fluid. In Item (3), conceptual design is carried out on a system to detect elements of shape change in each bed due to fluid movement in a gas hydrate bed and an upper bed. In Item (4), discussions are given on the optimizing conditions for generation and dissociation of gas hydrates. Investigation is made also on a possibility of the transportation and storage system. (NEDO)

  3. Report on survey for possibility of applying bio-technologies to biomass in fiscal 1999. Aiming at developing a kitchen refuse and waste water treatment and energy production system that can be installed as an ancillary facility of buildings; 1999 nendo biomass eno bio technology oyo kanosei chosa hokokusho. Biru nado no futai setsubi to shite secchi kanona, chukai, haisui nado no shori narabi ni energy seisan system no kaihatsu wo mezashite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    This paper describes the survey and discussion on a system to treat microorganisms generated from organic wastes and recover bio-gas energy as an ancillary facility of buildings. The roof of a building is the most suitable location in terms of open space and odor problem, and because the waste liquid after energy recovery can be flown into the city sewage system. Suitable processes for energy recovery are the primary fermentation, followed further by second stage fermentation purposed of reducing BOD. Since rapid enhancement of the efficiency cannot be expected from the present methane fermentation technologies, it is worth discussing to convert the first step from methane fermentation to hydrogen fermentation, for which technological development is indispensable. Permission by the national or local government would be an important condition. Organic wastes treatment systems with different scales may be considered from wastes treatment in each house to treatment of wastes after collection on the whole city basis. Treating wastes with high water content, such as kitchen refuses and human waste is beneficial among organic wastes being collected and treated by local governments. It is beneficial because sorted collection for that purpose can be carried out, and existing incineration systems can be operated more efficiently. (NEDO)

  4. Fiscal 1998 R and D project on global environmental industrial technology. Research result report on DNA analysis and information processing technology for photosynthesis microorganisms (Development of CO{sub 2} fixation and effective use technology by using bacteria and algae); 1998 nendo chikyu kankyo sangyo gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo. Kogosei biseibutsu nado DNA kaiseki joho shori gijutsu no kenkyu (saikin sorui nado riyo nisanka tanso koteika yuko riyo gijutsu kaihatsu) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    This report summarizes the fiscal 1998 research result on DNA analysis and information processing technology for photosynthesis microorganisms. On the study on DNA analysis technology by triple-strand formation method, as the comparison study result of a READ method, stable triple- strand formation method and hairpin method, a READ method showed the highest triple-strand formation efficiency for target DNA. On the study on accurate separation technology of specific genes, establishment of protocols was promoted for solid-phase probe technology, subtract technology and leveling technology. On the study on DNA microarray analysis technology by high-efficiency hybridization method, the analysis technology of genes by hybridization method using DNA chips is under investigation. In addition, the high- efficiency analysis technology of specific DNA segments by using an affinity sensor, and the high-accuracy cloning technology for DNA with altered primary structure were also studied. (NEDO)

  5. Detailed explanation of organizations and systems of the U.S. Federal Government supporting R and D systems in the U.S. Supplement: New trends of strategies of technology development/acquisition/commercialization of private companies in the U.S.; Beikoku no R and D system wo sasaeru renpo seifu soshiki oyobi seido no shosai kaisetsu. Furoku (Beikoku minkan kigyo no kaihatsu shutoku shogyoka senryaku no shinchoryu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-07-01

    Explanation was made in detail of systems of the U.S. Federal Government which are useful when NEDO and the Japanese government improve/reform R and D supporting systems in future. Grant is in use for supporting researches conducted by universities, nonprofit organizations, etc. mostly in the field of the basic research. This is a research fund very high in freedom and easy for Grant recipients to handle. Contract, recipients of which are mostly private companies, is used for the system development rather than the basic research. In either system, if there is a possibility of producing any merits as a result of the implementation of the R and D project, the government may sometimes ask the recipient such as university to pay part of the cost. As an intermediate form between both mechanisms, a lot of mechanisms are used in which the government/universities/private companies share the cost, responsibility, results, etc. as partners. These are joint agreements, joint research contracts and alternative contracts. (NEDO)

  6. Report on the survey in fiscal 1998. A survey on long-term energy technology strategy (a survey related to arrangement of information groups and aiding means for establishing policies related to research and development of energy and environment technologies); 1998 nendo choki energy gijutsu senryaku chosa. Energy kankyo gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu ni kakawaru seisaku kettei no tame no johogun no seibi narabi ni shien shuho ni kansuru chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    This paper discusses aiding means for establishing the research and development strategy for maximizing greenhouse effect gas reduction for a short period (year 2010) and an ultra long period (year 2030 and on). First, the situation surrounding the existing energy and environment technologies and technological assignments (themes) were put into order. Rough calculations were made on the selected themes as to their effect of greenhouse effect gas reduction. Based on the result of these reduction amount calculations, provisionary introduction scenarios including analyses by groups and users were prepared according to each theme. On the other hand, data groups related to the energy and environment technologies were investigated and put into order. The data groups include literatures and achievements of the past researches, and are expected of utilization for estimating the introduction potential to calculate effects of future research and development. In addition, discussions were given on methods to analyze cost-effect relationship in the energy and environment technologies. Importance was placed on the case surveys inside and outside the country, and simple models suitable for themes in the New Sunshine Project were built for an attempt of case studies. (NEDO)

  7. Buoyancy and similarity of the swimming of Manta birostris(Elasmobranchii: Myliobatidae) with the flying cycle of Columba livia(Aves: Columbidae)

    OpenAIRE

    Meza Vélez, Iván

    2013-01-01

    Se analizó la física de la flotación en la mantarraya Manta birostrisy se comparó el nado con el ciclo de vuelo de la paloma doméstica Columba livia, con la finalidad de encontrar similitudes y diferencias en las locomociones y las leyes físicas que intervienen. Se demostró que uno de los dos ciclos de nado estudiados de esta especie posee tres de las cuatro fases principales del ciclo de vuelo de la paloma doméstica. También se demostró un “efecto paracaídas” en M. birostris, el cual le ...

  8. Políticas do presente em Carlos Ríos e César Aira

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Carlos Santos

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Em Manigua, Pripyat e A la sombra de Chaki Chan, Carlos Ríos nos mostra uma face da con­temporaneidade: três territó­rios na mar­gem do Império, um aban­do­nado depois de um aci­dente na Usina Nuclear de Chernobil e habitado por seres con­tami­nados pela radia­ção, outro dispu­tado por etnias em vias de desapareci­mento e um terceiro disputado por gru­pos de catadores de alumínio. São relatos que se fazem com fragmentos catados na Internet, nomes, listas de palavras, peda­ços de histórias reutilizados em uma literatura que se faz com os restos de modos de vida que resis­tem em meio ao caos da guerra permanente.

  9. Interferência dos ácidos graxos ômega-3 nos lipídeos sangüíneos de ratos submetidos ao exercício de natação Omega-3 fatty acids interference on the blood lipids of rats subjected to swimming exercise

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bettina Moritz

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Investigar os efeitos da suplementação com ácidos graxos ômega-3, nas doses de 0,5 e 1,0g/kg/dia, nos lipídeos sangüíneos de ratos submetidos ou não ao protocolo do nado. MÉTODOS: Ratos Wistar foram divididos em grupos: controle, controle+nado, ácidos graxos ômega-3 e ácidos graxos ômega-3+nado. Os ácidos graxos ômega-3 e ácidos graxos ômega-3+nado receberam suplementação; os demais receberam água por gavagem. Os controle+nado e ácidos graxos ômega-3+nado foram submetidos ao exercício. Foram avaliadas as concentrações plasmáticas de colesterol total, triglicérides e lipoproteína de alta densidade, antes e após os procedimentos experimentais. RESULTADOS: No protocolo de 0,5g/kg/dia, em relação às concentrações de colesterol total, foi observada redução significativa proporcionalmente maior no grupo ácidos graxos ômega-3+nado, apesar de o grupo controle+nado e o ácidos graxos ômega-3 também terem apresentado diminuição. No ensaio de 1,0g/kg/dia todos os grupos apresentaram uma diminuição que foi maior, respectivamente, no ácidos graxos ômega-3+nado e, a seguir, no ácidos graxos ômega-3. Quanto aos triglicérides, foram encontradas reduções em todos os grupos experimentais, que foi maior no grupo ácidos graxos ômega-3+nado, do protocolo de 0,5g/kg/dia, enquanto que no de 1,0g/kg/dia a diminuição foi significativa apenas nos grupos ácidos graxos ômega-3 e ácidos graxos ômega-3+nado. Quanto ao HDL, no protocolo de 0,5g/kg/dia foi encontrado aumento nos animais que não foram suplementados, enquanto que em todos os grupos de 1,0g/kg/dia houve uma diminuição do HDL. CONCLUSÃO: A suplementação com ácidos graxos ômega-3 nas doses 0,5 ou 1,0g/kg/dia, associada ao nado, reduzem as concentrações plasmáticas de colesterol total e triglcérides, mas estudos adicionais, também com outras doses, são necessários para a compreensão da relação entre a ingestão de óleo de peixe e

  10. Utilização do intercepto-y na avaliação da aptidão anaeróbia e predição da performance de nadadores treinados El uso del intercepto-y en la evaluación de adaptacion anaeróbica en la predicción de la performance de nadadores especializados Use of the y-intercept in the evaluation of the anaerobic fitness and performance prediction of trained swimmers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Papoti

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo desse estudo foi verificar a utilização do intercepto-y na avaliação da aptidão anaeróbia e predição da performance de nadadores treinados. Foram participantes do estudo 14 nadadores com idade entre 15 e 18 anos. Os atletas realizaram o teste de nado atado, performance máxima e velocidade crítica (VC para determinação da capacidade de nado anaeróbio (CTA, todos em nado crawl em um período de três dias. 1 O teste de nado atado consistiu em realizar esforço máximo durante 30 segundos amarrado a um aparato de medição com células de carga para mensuração da força pico (Fpic, aptidão anaeróbia (AP ANA e concentração de lactato pico ([la-]pic conforme Papoti et al. (11; 2 Os participantes realizaram também performances máximas nas distâncias de 100, 200, 300, 400 e 600 m, com intervalo mínimo de duas horas entre cada nado; 3 E o teste de VC foi aplicado para determinação da CTA utilizando todas as combinações possíveis dos resultados das performances máximas, através do modelo de regressão linear entre distância versus tempo. Foi encontrada média de 25,07± 4,22 m nas 16 combinações de CTAs encontradas e coeficiente de regressão linear variando entre 0,99 e 1,00 e erro de coeficiente linear de 19,30± 5,9%. Não foram encontradas correlações significativas entre as CTAs e performances máximas, Fpic (227,81± 63,02 N, AP ANA (86,55± 13,05 N e [la-]pic (6,80± 1,03 mM. Contudo, foram encontradas correlações significativas entre a AP ANA e as performances máximas. Desse modo, é possível concluir que a CTA representada pelo intercepto-y da relação distância versus tempo de nado, parece não ser um bom parâmetro na avaliação da aptidão anaeróbia e predição de performances entre 100 m e 600 m nado crawl.El objetivo de ese estudio fue verificar el uso del intercepto-y en la evaluación anaeróbica de la aptitud y predicción de la performance de los nadadores especializados. Los

  11. Descrição da aptidão inicial para natação em lesionados medulares Description of initial swimming ability in patients with spinal cord injury

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Cláudia Raposo Melo

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo tem por objetivos verificar o retorno à natação após a lesão medular e descrever a aptidão inicial de lesionados medulares para o nado como parte das atividades do programa de reabilitação no Hospitalar Sarah-Centro. MÉTODOS: Foram avaliados 170 pacientes com diagnóstico de paraplegia e tetraplegia, em três etapas - levantamento de dados em prontuário, entrevista oral e avaliação do padrão do nado. Os resultados apontaram que grande parte dos pacientes não entrou na piscina ou realizou nado após a lesão medular. A avaliação da adaptação ao meio líquido após a lesão medular demonstrou que grande parte dos pacientes realizou a imersão e flutuação de forma independente, porém, apresentando dificuldade em mudar de decúbito dentro da água. Apenas uma pequena porcentagem retomou a natação após a lesão medular; foi também verificada redução no total dos sujeitos que nadavam regularmente antes. A avaliação apontou que os nados crawl e de costas foram realizados por metade dos avaliados; apenas uma pequena parte realizou nado de peito. CONCLUSÃO: Após a avaliação dos relatos dos pacientes, verificou-se redução na prática da natação, seja como atividade esportiva, física ou de lazer após a lesão medular, apesar de a aptidão para o nado não ter sofrido grandes alterações.Pysical activity, particularly swimming, that brings a lot of benefits to subjects with spinal cord injury, can be started during rehabilitation. The aims of this study were to describe the initial ability to swim of patients with spinal cord injury during the rehabilitation program at the Sarah Hospital - Center. METHODS: 170 patients were evaluated in three steps - medical records data collection, oral interview and swimming evaluation. The results showed that a large proportion of patients did not enter the swimming pool or swam after spinal cord injury. Only a small part returned to swimming after the spinal cord

  12. Quistes radiculares. Posibilidad de tratamiento endodóncico

    OpenAIRE

    Canalda Sahli, Carlos; Canalda Piera, Carlos

    1981-01-01

    Las principales complicaciones apicales y periapicales de la gan­grena pulpar, son la periodontitis apical crónica y el quiste radicular. Representan el 90 por ciento del total de lesiones apicales (BHASKAR). El 10 por ciento restante, corresponde a lesiones mucho menos habi­tuales: cementoma, absceso alveolar, quiste residual, tumor de células gigantes, etc. El tratamiento del granuloma y del quiste radicular ha evolucio­nado en el tiempo en un sentido más conservador. La existencia de una l...

  13. Sexualidad y transexualidad - Desafíos en la formación en pedagogía

    OpenAIRE

    Marques Santos, Vera Márcia; cnte

    2016-01-01

    Este texto defiende la urgencia de refutar la intolerancia y la discriminación, abordando reflexiones que explicitan la dinámica de una asignatura en la licenciatura:Conversando sobre la Sexualidad Adolescente. El mencio nado texto refleja el dramade profesionales de la educación, dentro del proceso de formación inicial, en la discusión del tema sexualidad en la adolescencia, especialmente, en lo que se refiere a  transexualidad, mostrando cómo estas académicas percibieron y sintieron el tema...

  14. Efectos sobre el sistema nervioso central del extracto etanólico y fracciones de hygrophila tyttha leonard

    OpenAIRE

    Ariza, Sandra Y; Rincon, Javier; Guerrero, Mario F

    2008-01-01

    Se evaluó en ratones albinos ICR el perfil de actividad que sobre el sistema nervioso central ejercen el extracto etanólico y las fracciones acuosa, clorofórmica, metanólica y hexánica obtenidas de Hygrophila tyttha (Acanthaceae. NV: amansamachos). Para tal fin se utilizaron pruebas destinadas a detectar posible actividad ansiolítica (laberinto en cruz elevado), antidepresiva (nado forzado), anticonvulsivante (pentilentetrazol, electrochoque) e hipnótica (potenciación de sueño inducido por pe...

  15. Biorremediacion de suelos contaminados con hidrocarburos

    OpenAIRE

    Ortiz, E.; Núñez, R.; Fonseca, E.; Oramas, J.; Almazán, V.; Cabranes, Y.; Miranda, A.; Barbán, O.; Martínez, C.; Díaz, Y.; Borges, G.

    2005-01-01

    En la actualidad los suelos contaminados con hidrocarburos representan el 70% del total de los eco-sistemas impactados. A partir del aislamiento, selección y conservación de bacterias marinas degra-dadoras de hidrocarburos y productoras de sustancias tensioactivas se formuló un producto denomi-nado BIOIL-FC. Este producto ha sido aplicado satisfactoriamente en derrames de hidrocarburos en el mar. En el presente trabajo fue evaluada la factibilidad del uso de los procesos de biorremediación “e...

  16. Breve historia reglamentaria del estilo pecho

    OpenAIRE

    Britez, Julián

    2013-01-01

    La natación a nivel mundial se ha convertido en un espectáculo único acaparando la mirada de todos durante los Juegos Olímpicos y Mundiales, esto ha sido sostenido principalmente por la pulverización constante de records. El estilo Pecho o Braza, es considerado el más lento de los cuatro estilos de nado reconocidos por la Federación Internacional de Natación. Pero con el avance de los años, la organización rectora de la natación a nivel mundial ha ido incorporando cambios y modificaciones con...

  17. Report on a survey in fiscal 1999. Survey on possibilities of environmental cooperation in relation with proliferation of environment preservation technologies and institutions in developing countries; 1999 nendo kankyo taisaku gijutsu seido nado no tojokoku fukyu ni kakawaru kankyo kyoryoku kanoseichosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    Cooperation in energy and environment aspects with developing countries is considered very important in view of the following points: (1) the cooperation will help developing countries to grow economically while minimizing the damages from industrial pollution and environmental problems; (2) conservation of energies and promotion of use of new energies will contribute to solving pollution problems associated with energy production, and will result in assurance of stability of primary energy availability for Japan; (3) preservation of environments in countries exporting foods to Japan will link to maintaining health of Japanese people and increasing their welfare; and (4) Japanese industrial pollution preventing technologies and knowledge whose levels are high worldwide may be utilized to create new business chances for Japanese business entities. The present survey has discussed the importance by territories, the importance by cooperation modes, and sharing of roles by governmental and private organizations, and performed case studies. Considerations were given from the discussion results on how the environmental projects should be planned in the environment cooperation, the contents to be of win/win from the viewpoint of motivation, the project image for subjected territories being composite and comprehensive, and the cases from the viewpoint of mutual coexistence referred to as prevention of global warming and assurance of food and energy resources. (NEDO)

  18. FY 2000 report on the basic survey to promote Joint Implementation, etc. Energy conservation by modernization of a cement plant (Double Horse Cement Co.) in China; 2000 nendo kyodo jisshi nado suishin kiso chosa hokokusho. Chugoku cement kojo (Double Horse Cement) kindaika ni yoru sho energy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    An investigational study was conducted of possibilities of energy conservation and greenhouse effect gas emission reduction in the cement production process of Double Horse Cement Co., Mianyang City, Sichuan Province, China. Double Horse Cement adopts the wet type long kiln production system and has a production ability of approximately 1.5 million t/y. In the project, as to three production lines out of the six production lines, improvement was planned to be made of the technologies on the following: mixing of raw materials, grinding of raw materials, NSP, clinker cooler, clinker pre-grinder, high-efficiency separator, waste heat use power generation, etc. As a result of the study, it was found that the energy conservation amount obtained was 54,646 toe/y. And, the amount of greenhouse effect gas reduction was 169,086 t-CO2/y. The total fund required for this project was approximately 5.553 billion yen and the internal earning rate was 7.36% after tax. When the project is carried out, expenses vs. effects are 9.8 toe/million yen in energy conservation amount and 30.4 t-CO2/million yen in greenhouse effect gas reduction. (NEDO)

  19. FY 2000 report on the basic survey to promote Joint Implementation, etc. Survey for prevention of pollution by caustic soda in the mercury process and for heightening of efficiency; 2000 nendo kyodo jisshi nado suishin kiso chosa hokokusho. Suiginho kasei soda kogai boshi koritsu kojo chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    In relation to facilities of Azerchimia, state concern, in Sumgait City, Azerbaijan, an investigational study was conducted of the project for energy conservation and greenhouse effect gas emission reduction by converting the caustic soda plant from the mercury process to the ion exchange process. The facilities of Azerchimia are badly superannuated and consume much more electric power than those in the newest technology. Moreover, the soil pollution by the plant using the mercury process is becoming a big problem. By carrying out this project, energy conservation can be achieved by reducing the amount of purchased power from thermal power plants outside. As a result of the study, the amount of the fuel used at the power plant was reduced to 40,700 toe/y. And, the amount of greenhouse effect gas emission was reduced to 131,000 t-CO2/y. In the study of the profitability, the internal earning rate of investment after tax was 8.6% and the internal earning rate of fund was 40% in the case of soft loans. In the case of commercial loans, however, they were 8.6% and 9.4%, respectively, which indicated that the materialization of the project was low. (NEDO)

  20. Fiscal 1998 research report. International measures project for rational energy use (Survey project of the analysis tool of Asian energy consumption efficiency); 1998 nendo chosa hokokusho. Kokusai energy shiyo gorika nado taisaku jigyo (Asia energy shohi koritsuka bunseki tool chosa jigyo)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-02-01

    This project aims to prepare the inter-industry relations table and analysis model for energy analysis for every Asian country, and analyze the relation between energy consumption and industrial structure or final demand structure. The 1985 and 1990 inter-industry relations tables of each country were prepared in cooperation with the governmental organizations of China, Korea, Taiwan, Philippines, Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore and India. However, the 1987 and 1990 tables were prepared for China. In fiscal 1998, the project invited the representatives of each concerned organization, and held the international workshop together with Japanese specialists to discuss various issues related to not only table preparation but also data analysis. The following items were analyzed for every country: a change in final energy consumption, a dependence on coal in primary energy consumption, transfer of energy consumption to other energy resources, and an energy consumption rate in the whole industry. (NEDO)

  1. Report on FY 1998 project for international energy utilization rationalization, etc. (Project of the analytical tool survey for making energy consumption effective in Asia); 1998 nendo chosa hokokusho. Kokusai energy shiyo gorika nado taisaku jigyo (Asia energy shohi koritsuka bunseki tool chosa jigyo)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    In the Asian region, for the purpose of grasping effects of both economic growth and effective energy consumption, an analytical tool added with a computational function was developed with the interindustrial relations table as database for the analysis of the present situation and the simulational analysis. In the analysis of the present situation, changes between the two time-points, 1985 and 1990, were analyzed using the developed energy consumption table and the CO2 emission table. The energy consumption amount is increasing with the growing economy. However, the energy unit consumption is decreasing in countries except Korea, the Philippines, Singapore and Malaysia. The trend is that the energy consumption is becoming effective and the CO2 emission amount is decreasing. As an example of simulating the introduction effect of energy saving technology, the simulation was conducted on the three: iron steel, paper/pulp, and cement in Indonesia. As a result, the decrease in energy consumption was shown in paper/pulp by 48%, in cement by 16%, and in iron/steel by 16%. The same was also indicated in CO2 emission. (NEDO)

  2. Fiscal 1997 industrial technology R and D project. Research report on development of use technology of bio- resources such as complex biosystem (Development of use and production technologies of complex biosystems); 1997 nendo fukugo seibutsukei nado seibutsu shigen riyo gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Fukugo seibutsukei riyo seisan gijutsu no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    This project aims to establish production technology of functional substances, oil degradation and purification technology, and use technology of unused oil fraction through development of cultivation control technology of complex biosystems. For functional material production technology, as functional substances some specific marine bacteria inhibitors, antibreeding substances of microalgae, and UV absorption substances were isolated. The productivity of korormicin as specific inhibitor against marine bacteria was improved considerably by cultivation method. For research on molecular genetic analysis technology, a new identification technology and a simple automatic analysis system of microeucaryotes using genes were developed. For global environment purification technology such as efficient degradation of pollutants, study was made on cultivation control technology of phenol- degrading consortia, population dynamics of oil-degrading microbial consortia and a restoration method of oil pollution by complex biosystem at lower temperature, and the demonstration experiment of oil degradation were carried out. (NEDO)

  3. FY 1998 annual summary report on project for international energy consumption rationalization. Survey on analysis tool for improving efficiency of Asian energy consumption (data book 2 for 1985); 1998 nendo kokusai energy shiyo gorika nado taisaku jigyo chosa hokokusho. Asia energy shohi koritsuka bunseki tool chosa jigyo (shiryoshu 2 1985 nen data)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    The data book is compiled, based on common industrial classifications, as the tool for analyzing, e.g., the mutual ripple effects of economic growth and increased efficiency of energy consumption throughout the Asia-Pacific region. This book summarizes the industrial-related and energy-related tables for 8 Asian countries and Japan. The book II is for the 1985 data (1987 data for China), comparing with the book I for the 1990 data. The industry-related tables are composed of the tables for transaction bases, input coefficients, final demand converters, importation coefficients, inverse matrices, sensitivity/influence coefficients, production inducement levels, production inducement coefficients, degrees of dependence on production inducement, importation inducement levels, importation inducement coefficients, and degrees of dependence on importation inducement. Energy-related tables are composed of the tables for, e.g., energy input, energy consumption, emissions, and CO2 emissions. (NEDO)

  4. Basic survey project of advanced efficiency of energy consumption in developing countries. Cooperation survey of efficient consumption of petroleum (survey of industrial foundation in the Philippines); Hatten tojokoku energy shohi koritsuka kiso chosa nado jigyo sekiyu shohi koritsuka kyoryoku chosa. Philippine koku sangyo kiso chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    The purpose of the survey is to promote the international research cooperation projects from the survey stage, via demonstration research stage to the diffusion stage. Field surveys have been conducted to find out the needs of energy saving and environmental technology for the efficient consumption of petroleum in the developing countries with mass-consumption of petroleum in the future. The survey was conducted in the Philippines in the FY 1996. Next developing themes were proposed. The first theme was developing method of sugar plant. The magnesia method has been developed as a basic technology for cleaning sugar solution process instead of using lime. By the recycling method, the waste cake amount can be remarkably reduced. The second theme was electron beam exhaust gas treatment by a dry method of simultaneous desulfurization and denitrification of high concentration SOx and NOx in the fertilizer production plants. The third theme was the energy saving technology for SOx reduction of heating furnace for iron-steel by using an ultra energy saving-type regenerative burner. The last theme was chlorine bypass technology in cement industry, which would become an advanced technology development for the use of chlorine containing fuels in the near future. 40 refs., 36 figs., 79 tabs.

  5. Fiscal 1998 research report on the demand forecast of rare element minerals, recycling technology of rare elements from waste, and substitute rare element minerals; 1998 nendo chosa hokokusho. Kisho genso koseki no juyo yosoku, kisho genso no haikibutsu kara no kaishu gijutsu oyobi daitai kisho genso koseki nado ni kansuru chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Rare element mineral is indispensable material for functionalization of high-tech raw materials. Its deposit is poor, an increase in its future demand is expected, and its information disclosure is insufficient because of strategic important material. To solve these problems, the following were studied systematically, and urgent research themes on rare element minerals were clarified: (1) High-efficiency recycling technology of rare elements, (2) Waste treatment system after recycling of rare elements from the viewpoint of environmental measures, (3) Establishment of the database of rare element minerals, and development of new substitute rare element minerals, and (4) Design method of substitute materials possible to generate various existing functions without any rare elements. Among them, in particular, precise separation of 46 kinds of rare elements from waste of high-tech raw materials, and recycling of rare elements from zinc refining waste and pyrite ore deposit containing copper were pointed out as important themes. (NEDO)

  6. Fiscal 1997 report on the results of the New Sunshine Project subsidiary operation. Development of a geothermal water use power plant, etc. / technical development of the hot dry rock power generation system (development of electric technology); 1997 nendo New Sunshine keikaku hojo jigyo seika hokokusho. Nessui riyo hatsuden plant nado kaihatsu (koon gantai hatsuden system no gijutsu kaihatsu (yoso gijutsu no kaihatsu))

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    For the purpose of using hot dry rock energy to power generation, the R and D was continued of element technology of the hot dry rock power generation. In fiscal 1997, the construction of ground facilities, etc. for long-term circulation experiment was proceeded with to make data analysis for study of the experimental results. As for preparation for the long-term circulation experiment, design/fabrication/construction of experimental facilities were commenced, and review/fabrication of the monitoring system were conducted to strengthen the monitoring network of microearthquakes. In relation to the analytical research, using models connecting reservoirs and wells, relationships were studied among the distance between injection well and production well, production flow rate, and long-term thermal extraction characteristics of reservoirs. Further, to study structures of shallow/deep reservoirs at the Hijiori hot dry rock experimental field, re-determined were mechanism solutions of AE in deep hydraulic fracturing experiments, three well circulation tests, and preliminary circulation tests, and at the same time stress fields were studied. Fracture models were made and the simulation program was revised. 18 refs., 82 figs.

  7. Basic survey project for joint implementation in fiscal 1998. Study of BFG mono-firing gas turbine combined cycle power plant application for the steel mill of China; 1998 nendo kyodo jisshi nado suishin kiso chosa. Chugoku seitetsu kaishamuke koro gas sensho combined cycle hatsuden setsubi

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Discussions were given on application to the steel mills in China of a 1100-degree C class high-efficiency combined cycle power plant (CCPP) exclusively firing blast furnace gas developed jointly by Kawasaki Heavy Industries Ltd. of Japan and ABB Corporation of Switzerland. The CCPP can utilize the energy possessed by a fuel without waste from high temperature zones to low temperature zones, being capable of attaining high efficiency that cannot be achieved with the single cycle. The CCPP has the efficiency exceeding that of the BTGP by about 10% or more in absolute value. The investigations and discussions were given on Shougang General Corporation, Anshan Steel Corporation and Wuhan Steel Corporation. As a result, in the plan for the power plant of Shougang General Corporation on which both parties have agreed, the project implementation can be expected to result in electric power generation of 110 MW in annual average, factory air supply of about 100 tons per hour in annual average, and annual reduction of carbon dioxide of 841 kilo tons. Wuhan Steel and Anshan Steel will require implementation of further detailed investigation, but the possibility of realization is considered high (NEDO)

  8. FY 1998 report on the verification survey of geothermal survey technology, etc./Development of the reservoir fluctuation survey method (Summary). Theme 3. Development of the electric/electromagnetic survey method; 1998 nendo chinetsu tansa gijutsu nado kensho chosa choryuso hendo tansaho kaihatsu hokokusho (yoyaku). 3. Denki denjiki tansaho kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Three observation wells were drilled in the Ogiri experimental field. The depth of drilling was 101-120m. In the self-potential observation, admitted were fluctuations, etc. caused by daily changes (tidal changes and earth current), earth current by external magnetic field induction, well drilling noise and injection well. In the resistivity structure survey, the whole area indicated a three-layer (high/low/high) structure, and the shallow high-resistivity layer was correspondent with the new unaltered volcanic rock, and the medium-depth low-resistivity layer with the clayey alteration. On the assumption that the reservoir model is improved by properties of geothermal water and 35% of the returning geothermal water goes back to the production region, pressure/chlorine concentration were satisfactorily explained. Changes in chlorine concentration by the returning geothermal water are estimated at 22% within production reservoir and at 52% in injection region, and when considering temperature changes, it was predicted that fluctuations of the resistivity underground are within 20%. The accuracy of the MT method was studied by using the MT method with the existing MT method. The accuracy was not enough to detect a resistivity of 10%, and therefore, the repeated measurement by fixed electrode or the continued MT method monitoring is needed. (NEDO)

  9. Achievement report for fiscal 1996 on the research and development of technologies for important region. Development of control system technology for combustion with energy use rationalized, etc.; 1996 nendo juyo chiiki gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Energy shiyo gorika nensho nado seigyo system gijutsu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    The goal is to develop basic technologies to build an SiC device capable of service amid high-temperature surroundings for the advancement and optimization of combustion control systems. In an SiC semiconductor, the Si-C bond is broken when irradiated with ions, and this makes the occurrence of thermal oxidation easy to occur. In the study to form SiC into single-crystal substrates, a substrate with warpage of 10 micrometers or less and surface coarseness of 10 nanometers or less is realized. In the development of sensor technologies, the high-speed CVD (chemical vapor deposition) method is applied for the growth of crystals further on a 3C-SiC layer epitaxially grown by MBE (molecular beam epitaxy) surface control, which improves on layer characteristics. Element technologies are developed for the construction of a 3-terminal element (FET: field effect transistor), which is for the construction of a high-temperature, high-speed SiC device. An effort is made at achieving 3C-SiC hetero-epitaxial growth, etc., on a 3-inch Si substrate using an SiC crystal film formation experimenting apparatus, which aims at constructing a control device. Concerning the combustion control system, the relations between the air/fuel ratio and the emission spectra of radicals OH, CH, and C2 in a flame are made clear. Also referred to are the basic studies being conducted at research institutes such as universities and a survey of technological trends abroad.

  10. FY 2000 report on the verification survey of geothermal exploration technology, etc. Development of the reservoir fluctuation exploration method - Phase 2 (Feasibility survey); 2000 nendo chinetsu tansa gijutsu nado kensho chosa hokokusho. Choryuso hendo tansaho kaihatsu phase 2 F/S chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    For the purpose of developing the technology to grasp the behavior of geothermal fluids flowing inside the deep-seated reservoir, study of subjects was made for the reservoir fluctuation exploration method - Phase 2. In the overview of the reservoir fluctuation exploration method - Phase 1, various element technologies being developed in Phase 1 were arranged in terms of the overview of technology, results concretely obtained, present subjects, achievement of technical development, etc. In the overview of geothermal fields, domestic geothermal fields and overseas geothermal fields were outlined of which demonstrative tests in Phase 2 can be made. In the survey, data on characteristics of reservoirs at the sites proposed, existing data usable for the project and information of the existing facilities were covered in terms of the those that can be collected being based on the public data. In the study of demonstrative testing fields, to make selection of demonstrative testing fields in Phase 2, selection of conditions was made from the two points of view: 'necessary conditions for demonstrative testing field' and 'comparison in adaptability of geothermal fields by method.' (NEDO)

  11. Achievement report for fiscal 1997 on joint research to develop fuel cell technologies for urban energy centers. Research on evaluating life of phosphoric acid fuel cells; 1997 nendo toshi energy center nado nenryo denchi gijutsu kaihatsu kyodo kenkyu seika hokokusho. Rinsangata nenryo denchi jumyo hyoka kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-05-01

    This paper discusses life evaluation on phosphoric acid fuel cells of urban energy center type for regional energy supply and on-site type to be installed in buildings. Operation characteristics tests and disassembly checks allow to identify factors for voltage decrease, and estimate the life therefrom particularly if the voltage decrease is caused from catalyst activity. The time before 10% decrease value is reached is now about 40,000 hours. The creep analysis method that has been developed recently can predict deformation in full-size reformers nearly exactly, and is effective in operating the reformer and evaluating the life at the design stage. Creep buckling is the critical value, which is caused by ecliptic deformation of internal tubes in the second catalyst layer. In a heat exchanger for fuel gas preheating, carbon in the reformed gas is carbonized and deposited due to catalytic action of nickel in the brazing material that bonds plates and fins in the heat exchanger. Iron also has a possibility of performing catalytic action. In the on-site type 1,000-kW class fuel cells, no structural problems have been presented even after the operation has been stopped. In order to extend time interval between phosphoric acid supply into the cells, it is necessary to reduce difference in the remaining phosphoric acid amounts in the stack lamination direction and in the cell flat surface. (NEDO)

  12. Project in fiscal 2000 of developing international standards for supporting new industries. Standardization of communication interface for open robots in production system; 2000 nendo shinki sangyo shiengata kokusai hyojun kaihatsu jigyo seika hokokusho. Seisan system nado ni okeru open robot yo tsushin interface no hyojunka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    In order to realize the open use between robot controllers and personal computers on the communication level, R and D has been performed on the standard API required for structuring the applications to use robot information on the personal computers. A draft of the international standard was prepared. This paper summarizes the achievements in fiscal 2000. The current fiscal year has executed improvements on the standard API software, as well as the demonstration tests. The following achievements were obtained: problems in practical use based on the demonstration tests of RAO ver. 0.5 were extracted and rectified; the standard API (Ver0.9) given additional functions including file transfer was developed; the specifications for the standard API (Ver1.0) were compiled based on the result of discussions on the major application functions; as a result of the demonstration test on reliability of the standard API (Ver0.9), performances were verified when the API is connected under different structural and using conditions; and a resolution was made at the ISO/TC184/SC2 international conference that 'continuation is encouraged on the present R and D expected as a proposal for the new work items'. (NEDO)

  13. FY 1999 project on the development of new industry support type international standards. Standardization of a method to evaluate the performance of open robot use communication interface in production system, etc.; 1999 nendo shinki sangyo shiengata kokusai hyojun kaihatsu jigyo seika hokokusho. Seisan system nado ni okeru open robot yo tsushin interface no hyojunka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    For the purpose of standardizing the communication interface system between personal computers and robots, the R and D were conducted on ORiN (Open Robot Interface for the Network), and the FY 1999 results were summed up. ORiN is composed of the provider part, kernel part and application logic part. The provider absorbs differences in expression and protocols of robot controller data of each company and conveys them to the kernel part. The kernel part is composed of RAO and RDF. RAO adopts the disperse object model DCOM technology and supplies the network transparency and common access method to robot. RDF supplies files with expansion of robot structure models using XML. By this, ORiN was made adoptable for future, permitting differences in each robot. In the International Robot Exhibition held in October 26-29, 1999, the prototype of ORiN was jointly demonstrated by each company. (NEDO)

  14. Survey report for fiscal 1998. International project for rationalizing energy use (a project for investigating analyzing a tool to improve energy consumption efficiency in Asia) (Data collection 1 (Year 1990 data)); 1998 nendo kokusai energy shiyo gorika nado taisaku jigyo chosa hokokusho. Asia energy shohi koritsuka bunseki tool chosa jigyo (shiryoshu 1 1990 nen data)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    With an objective to identify quantitatively the mutually influencing effect of economical development and energy consumption efficiency improvement in the entire Asia-Pacific region, a data collection was prepared according to the common industry classification as a tool to analyze energy consumption improvement in Asia. This data collection summarizes the industry relation tables and the energy relation tables available in eight Asian countries (Korea, Indonesia, Thailand, Philippines, China, Taiwan, Singapore and Malaysia) and Japan. Both kinds of the tables are unified in conception among the nations, hence comparable. The industry relation table consists of a basic transaction table, a charged coefficient table, a final demand converter table, an import coefficient table, a reverse matrix table, a sensitivity coefficient able, an influence force coefficient table, a production inducing amount table, a production inducing coefficient table, a production induction dependence table, an import inducing amount table, an import induction coefficient table, and an import induction dependence table. The energy table consists of an energy input table, an energy consumption table, and an emission table. (NEDO)

  15. Fiscal 1997 research report on development of use technology of bio-resources such as complex biosystem (Development of use and production technologies of complex biosystems); 1997 nendo fukugo seibutsukei nado seibutsu shigen riyo gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho (fukugo seibutsukei riyo seisan gijutsu no kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    This report summarizes the fiscal 1997 research results on production technology of functional materials, and the research study result for utilizing substance production and decomposition by complex biosystem for industries. For detecting technique of microorganisms in soil, staining by CFDA-AM was suitable, and allowed visualization of sulfate- reducing bacteria during culture. For research on functional analysis technology, study was made on atomic force microscope technology to detect microorganisms in environment and observe their fine structures. For research on detection, separation and cultivation technology of difficult-to-culture microorganisms, a molecular genetic analysis method of microbial communities and a determination method of their viability were selected. For functional substance production technology, study was made on technical utilization of bioflocculant produced by microbial consortia as environment-friendly oil removal reagent, and on gene transfer control in microbial consortia. For the research study for the project, survey was made on useful substances produced by complex biosystem. (NEDO)

  16. FY 1996 report on the results of the development of superconductor power application technology. Study of a total system, etc. (Investigational study of the introductory effect); 1996 nendo chodendo denryoku oyo gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Total system nado no kenkyu (donyu koka no chosa kenkyu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    Under the secondary interim assessment made in FY 1995 between the assessment committee of the energy/environment technology development sectional meeting of the Industrial Technology Deliberation Council and NEDO, in this project, the following were conducted in FY 1996: study of trial manufacture of superconductor motor model machine and R and D of element technology (conductor technology/refrigerator technology). The study was proceeded mainly with Super-GM, and as to the motor, the preparation for test on a part of the model machines was finished. Considering FY 1998 which is the final year of this project, the investigational study in FY 1996 aims at accumulating/arranging/analyzing the data which help judge how to proceed with the future R and D of superconductor power application technology continuously based on the secondary interim assessment. For superconductor motor and various superconductor power appliance, economical/technical feasibilities and methods of R and D and surveys of trends in Japan and abroad for the R and D were made important items. Further, 'R and D of the basement of superconductor power application' proposed in the secondary interim assessment (R and D of the combination of elements which become the basement of equipment technology over a stage of parallel R and D of element technology of conductor, etc.) targeted the presentation of concrete details. (NEDO)

  17. Fiscal 1998 New Sunshine Project research report. Development of separation technology of hetero-compounds from coal-derived oil, and use methods of them; 1998 nendo sekitan ekikayuchu no tetero kagobutsu nado no bunri gijutsu to yoto no kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    This project develops the efficient separation technology of compounds including hetero-atoms such as O and N from coal- derived oil, and researches effective use methods of them. Study is made on the concrete applications and problems of the following separation technologies of hetero-compounds: Distillation/refrigeration, extraction, supercritical gas extraction, pressurized crystallization, crystallization, adsorption, and membrane separation technologies. Based on the study result, the applicability of such various separation technologies of hetero-compounds from coal-derived oil fractions is confirmed experimentally. By using the newly developed bench-scale test equipment of an optimum separation process, the process performance is confirmed, and various engineering data are collected. Study is also made on the effective use method of the hetero-compounds separated by the above equipment. In fiscal 1998, as the electric membrane dialysis experiment result on phenolates derived from phenols in Kashima pilot naphtha and atmospheric light oil, the existence of substances (Ca, Fe, SO{sub 4}) deteriorating membranes was confirmed. Preventive measures against contamination of these bivalent cations and anions are one of future issues. (NEDO)

  18. FY 2000 Report on technological trend surveys. Surveys regarding construction of the co-production techniques for substance and electric power; 2000 nendo gijutsu doko nado chosa hokokusho. Busshitsu to denryoku heisan ni yoru co-production gijutsu no kochiku ni kansuru chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    This project is aimed at surveys on the elementary and peripheral techniques necessary to construct the systems, with the objective to draw the conceptual designs of the total system for co-production of a substance and electric power. In a general reaction process, substances are produced under an advantageous condition that is dependent on reaction rate and equilibrium, where most of the energy is dissipated in the form of sensible and latent heat without being used for the chemical reaction. The co-production system under consideration uses high temperature of 500 degrees C or higher exhausted from a power station or industrial unit to produce macromolecules or synthesis gases, wherein the exothermic reaction increases temperature of the heat source, which is recovered in the form of steam for driving the steam turbine to produce electric power. On the other hand, low-temperature waste heat of around 150 degrees C is converted into a liquid fuel or other value-added products by the liquid phase pressurized system. The elementary techniques to construct these processes are surveyed, and the thermal processes are analyzed. The investigated items include substance production processes, electric power production processes and total systems. (NEDO)

  19. FY 2000 report on the survey of policies on cooperation in new energy/energy conservation for developing countries by developed countries/international organizations. Survey of collection/analysis of information on effective energy utilization, etc.; 2000 nendo senshinkoku kokusai kikan no tai tojokoku shin energy sho energy kyoryoku seisaku ni kakawaru chosa hokokusho. Energy yuko riyo nado joho shushu bunseki chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Looking for measures for cooperation in effective energy conservation for developing countries, the paper arranged characteristics of the policies, systems and organizations in relation to energy conservation/new energy policies in developed countries and international organizations excluding Japan. Concretely, survey was made of the following 5 fields: 1) new energy cooperation (project) for developing countries by developed countries and international organizations excluding Japan; 2) outline of activities by aid giving organizations; 3) energy conservation policies of developing countries and cooperation of developed countries and international organizations; 4) policies of new energy introduction in developed countries; 5) study to reinforce cooperation for helping developing countries by Japan and developed countries/international organizations excluding Japan. In 1), survey is composed of case study of the main project and study of the outline of activities by aid giving organizations. The activities by the following aid giving organizations were surveyed: the World Bank group, International Finance Corporation (IFC), United Nations Development Program (UNDP), the European Committee and the Asian Development Bank (ADB). (NEDO)

  20. Fiscal 1999 research and verification of geothermal energy exploring technologies and the like. Development of reservoir mass and heat flow characterization (Electrical and electromagnetic monitoring technology - Summary); 1999 nendo chinetsu tansa gijutsu nado kensho chosa hokokusho (yoyaku). Choryuso hendo tansaho kaihatsu (denki denjiki tansaho kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    Facilities for monitoring self-potential and resistivity are installed in the Ogiri district, Kagoshima Prefecture, where the Ogiri geothermal power plant is situated, and studies are made about relations between hot water production/reinjection and potential/resistivity at the power plant for the development of a high-performance numerical simulation system for the reservoir. The activities cover the development of (1) a self-potential monitoring system, (2) the development of a resistivity monitoring system, and (3) the development of a reservoir change prediction technique using self-potential and resistivity. Under item (1), eight self-potential monitoring stations are newly installed for the monitoring effort to continue now at a total of 50 stations. Potential has risen by 20 mV in two years since the drilling of a production replenishment well in February of 1999, with the domain of change in potential also expanding. Under item (2), the 3D MT (3-dimensional magnetotelluric) technique is used for resistivity profile investigation at 80 monitoring stations and preliminary monitoring tests are conducted to deliberate positions for resistivity monitoring. Under item (3), tracer tests are conducted for constructing a high-precision reservoir model for predicting changes in temperature, etc., attributable to the return of reinjected hot water, and a natural state reservoir simulation model is fabricated. (NEDO)

  1. FY 1998 report on the waste processing/recycling related technology, 'The R and D of lead-free solder standardization'; 1998 nendo haikibutsu shori recycle kanren gijutsu seika hokokusho. Namari free handa kikakuka nado kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    To reduce the environmental pollution caused by lead eluted from the electronic equipment waste, the R and D on lead-free solder were conducted and the results were summarized. As to the basic characteristics, the evaluation test method was studied in terms of the range of melting temperature, mechanical strength, wettability and joint strength, to select a uniform test method. As the lead-free solder, Sn-Ag alloys were mainly used and mixed in a combination of Cu, Bi and In. Changes in characteristics were made clear by adding trace elements such as Ge, Mn and P. Relating to the applied characteristics, in selection of solder materials, materials were selected for which evaluation of the commercialization is proceeded with from a viewpoint of promotion of commercialization. Concerning the experimental evaluation of characteristics of lead-free solder in mounted substrates, it was indicated that basically lead-free solder can be practically used. Further, it was indicated that the Sn-Ag-Cu-Bi system depends not on solder composition but on active force, printing accuracy and flux characteristic of solder paste, that improvement of solder paste has an effect on mounting characteristics. (NEDO)

  2. Fiscal 1999 achievement report. Development of technology for machine tool with energy consumption rationalized (Research and development of environment-conscious grinding system); 1999 nendo energy shiyo gorika kosaku kikai nado gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Kankyo taiogata kensaku kako system no kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    A large quantity of coolant is used in the grinding process for ensuring high accuracy and quality in the work. This presents a serious problem from the viewpoint of environmental impact or energy conservation, and now environment-conscious grinding methods requiring no or less coolant are sought for. With a view to answering the demand, efforts are exerted to put to practical use, and improve, an EcoloG grinding technique. The goal is to reduce to half the energy that the grinding process is now consuming. The EcoloG technique is a grinding method under which vegetable oil mist is cooled for lubrication and a small amount of cooling water is fed to the point of grinding for removing chips. In fiscal 1999, a survey was conducted on technical literature, patents, and the like in and out of Japan for the study of the actual state of dry machining, and then the course of future studies was clearly established. Studies were also carried out aiming at the practical application and improvement of the EcoloG grinding technique, and the technique achieved a quality level as high as that of the conventional coolant-aided method in a process of grinding a shaft to have an accurate outer diameter by use of an ordinary wheel head. (NEDO)

  3. General report on the results of the development of fuel cell technology such as urban energy center. Evaluation study of life of phosphoric acid fuel cells (fiscal 1995 and 1996); Toshi energy center nado nenryo denchi gijutsu kaihatsu kenkyu seika sogo hokokusho. Rinsangata nenryo denchi jumyo hyoka kenkyu (1995 kara 1996 nendo)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    Receiving subsidies from MITI, NEDO carried out this project in fiscal 1995 and 1996 as a joint research with Technology Research Association for Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cell Power Generation System and others. The project aimed at developing the accelerated test method which can evaluate in a short time the cell life of phosphoric acid fuel cells (PAFC) and the lowering of characteristics. The accelerated test method of PAFC life is thought to be a tool indispensable for the promotion of commercialization, but the accelerated test method like the usual material evaluation has not yet been established. To solve this problem, procedures were developed to rationally plan the accelerated test on short stacks of full scale based on the small cell test data. Here, to rationally estimate the operational state under actual conditions based on the data on the accelerated test, it is necessary to fully understand the mechanism of deterioration of PAFC. By conducting in parallel the element study for the basic elucidation of cell deterioration phenomena, obtained was the useful information/knowledge which back up the results of the accelerated test scientifically. 168 figs., 33 tabs.

  4. FY 1999 Industrial science and technology research and development project. Report on the results of research and development of the technologies for genome informatics (Acceleration of analysis of green mold transcription control information); 1999 nendo genome infomatics gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Koji kabi no tensha seigyo joho no kaiseki kasokuka nado

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    A total of 49 budding yeast transcription factor disruptants and one conditional transcription over expression strain are produced, to elucidate the gene regulation networks using the gene expression profile data, and to measure the systematic and high-quality gene expression profiles using the Affymetrix's GeneChip system. The program is also developed for accurately predicting the base sequences which regulate expression of given gene groups, based on the uniqueness of the upstream sequences. The analysis with the aid of the program predicts 8 gene expression regulation sequences, which are considered to be novel, from the gene groups of retarded expression by the transcription factor disruptants. The time course gene expression data are produced from the transcription factor SW14 conditional over expression strain. The analysis of the data indicates that the analysis of the subtracted genes using the gene expression profiles from the wild type strain is useful for clarifying the effects of the derived transcription factor over expression. (NEDO)

  5. FY 1999 Report on research and development of energy utilization rationalization superhigh-technological liquid crystal technologies. Superhigh-technological electronic technology development promotion project for new functional electronic material design, control and analysis technologies; 1999 nendo energy shiyo gorika chosentan ekisho gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Chosentan denshi gijutsu kaihatsu sokushin jigyo shinkino denshi zairyo sekkei seigyo bunseki nado gijutsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-04-01

    Described herein are the FY 1999 results of the liquid crystal technology development project. For the researches on multi-layer reflection, composite panels of flattened resins of different refractive index are developed to improve 2-layer monochromic contrast ratio. The guest/host liquid crystal compositions of high orientation order are investigated as the those useful for high contrast. Compounds are pursued for superanisotropic light absorption, and modification with a substituent is found to be effective. Molecular orientation controlling is also studied. For researches on memory-sustaining type liquid crystals, the studied items include formation of thin ferroelectric films on glass substrates, improvement of voltage-sustaining characteristics by composites (including compounds), and doping of trace quantities of ionic impurities. For development of image element colors, the studied items include multi-lattice-structured, oriented HPDLC devices, composites of high birefringence (high order light scattering), and light interference, high order light scattering type light control devices. The multi-dimensionally anisotropic structure of configuration divided into 3 parts of R, G and B is developed to create directive reflection which improves brightness of the reflection type color liquid crystal. A group of compounds are pursued to develop liquid crystal compositions of high refractive index anisotropy, and promising ones are found. The results of the comprehensive investigations are also described. (NEDO)

  6. FY 1997 R/D project of industrial and scientific technologies contracted with NEDO. Report on technology development of utilization of biological resources such as bioconsortia (development of analytical techniques of bioconsortia); 1997 nendo sangyo gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo Shin energy Sangyo Gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku. Fukugo seibutsukei nado seibutsu shigen riyo gijutsu kaihatsu (fukugo seibutsukei kaiseki gijutsu no kaihatsu) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    Bioconsortia are microbial composites composing of more than two kinds of microorganisms with special functions. To utilize their advanced functions, some techniques have been developed for analyzing their functions and interactions, and for identification, separation and incubation of the constituent microbial groups. In FY 1997, an investigation was made on technology trends, domestic researchers, and research topics related to bioconsortia. To manage and promote the progress of research at the National Institute of Bioscience and Human-Technology where the centralized management of this project is conducted, meetings are held once a month to examine the progress at the institute, in which reports are made and discussions are held on how each research item is progressing. In addition, meetings of the committee to promote research are held every other month to consider and examine measures required for promoting the research. Re-entrustment of research has been made on two subjects, i.e., `Studies on biological significance of symbiotic microorganisms` by Prof. Ishikawa of the University of Tokyo, and `Study on the relationship between the biosynthesis of useful terpenic materials of plant origin and the differentiation of plant tissues, and their effective production by plant cell cultures` by Prof. Inoue of Gifu Pharmaceutical University. 27 refs., 13 figs., 1 tab.

  7. Report on investigations in fiscal 2000 on the basic investigation on promotion of joint implementation. Rehabilitation of gas turbine power plants owned by Myanmar Electric Power Enterprise (MEPE); 2000 nendo kyodo jisshi nado suishin kiso chosa hokokusho. MEPE/gas turbine hatsudensho rihabiri

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Myanmar generates majority of the whole electric power by using thermal power plants consisting of single gas turbines, and gas and steam composite turbines. However, because of chronic power shortage and fund unavailability, the major gas turbines are being operated in quite inadequate environment. As a result, reduction in power generation efficiency has become manifest due to aged deterioration, increasing the quantity of CO2 emission. The present project is, in order to link it to the 'Clean Development Mechanism' being carried out with developing countries, and placing Tharkayta Power Plant as the object, intended to comprehensively discuss a rehabilitation program to renew the existing gas turbines with advanced ones, in relation with feasibility of the project implementation including the effect of CO2 emission reduction, profitability, and proliferation effects. A prospect was acquired that, by replacing the gas turbines alone with 25-MW class gas turbines, the plant output will increase to 97.2 MW (78.5 MW in the existing facilities) and the plant efficiency to 43.3% (36.5% in the existing facilities). The energy saving effect during a period of 40 years would be 708,000 (toe) as heat consumption converted to crude oil, and the CO2 emission reducing effect would be 2,160,000 (t-CO2), respectively. (NEDO)

  8. FY 2000 report on the survey of geological structures overseas, etc. Volume 1. 'Tanjung Enim IV Coal Exploration Project between Japan and Indonesia'; 2000 nendo kaigai chishitsu kozo nado chosa hokokusho. 1. Nippon Indonesia sekitan kyodo tansa Tanjung Enim project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    The paper summarized the results of the surveys in the final fiscal year (FY 2000) and in the past five years of the Tanjung Enim IV Coal Exploration Project between Japan and Indonesia. In FY 2000, conducted in the South Arahan area were the surface reconnaissance (50km+ACI-2), boring survey (11 holes, 1,847m), borehole physical logging (11 holes), reflection method seismic survey (3 traverse lines), pumping test, coal analysis (112 specimens), etc. As a result of the exploration/study made during 5 years, coal reserves in the South Arahan area were 223 million tons in north block (proved coal reserves: 213 million tons) and 332 million tons (proved coal reserves: 303 million tons) in south block. The coal in the area is in the depth of {+-}0m from surface, and the coal reserve is enough for large scale open pit mining. Further, coal reserves in the Banjarsari area were 442 million tons (proved coal reserves: 330 million tons) in the whole area and 223 million tons (proved coal reserves: 214 million tons) in the syncline part. About the syncline part promising as that for open pit mining, the overburden ratio was divided into three for calculation: 2:1, 3:1 and 4:1 or below. (NEDO)

  9. FY 2000 report on the basic survey to promote Joint Implementation, etc. Survey of the effective use of wastes at palm oil refineries; 2000 nendo kyodo jisshi nado suishin kiso chosa hokokusho. Palm oil seisei kojo ni okeru haikibutsu yuko riyo chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    As to empty fruit bunches (EFB) which are wasted at the Lahad Datu plant of Felda Vegetable Oil Products Co. in Malaysia, a project was studied for energy substitution and greenhouse effect gas reduction by fluidized bed cogeneration facilities using this as fuel. In the project, studied was the introduction of on-site cogenerator of 7,800kW in generating-end output, and that of IPP cogenerator of 16,000kW as reference. As a result of the study, the energy substitution amount in toe in 20 years was approximately 376 k tons in case of on-site power generation/fluidized bed boiler and approximately 695 k tons in case of IPP and fluidized bed boiler. The amount of greenhouse effect gas emission in toe in 20 years was approximately 5,757 k tons and 11,654 k tons, respectively. Concerning the profitability, the internal earning rate was 3.32-8.47% in case of on-site power generation/fluidized bed boiler and 9.13-14.65% in case of IPP/fluidized bed boiler. It indicated the materialization of the project. (NEDO)

  10. Report on achievements in proliferation project to assist introduction of environment harmonizing type coal utilization system in fiscal 1998. Joint demonstration project for CMG recovery and utilization system in fiscal 1998 (utilization facilities); Kankyo chowagata sekitan riyo system donyu shien nado fukyu taisaku jigyo seika hokokusho. 1998 nendo CMG kaishu riyo system kyodo jissho jigyo (riyo setsubi)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-09-01

    This paper describes the achievements of the discussions in fiscal 1998 on the utilization facilities related to the coal bed methane gas supply plan for the city of Tieling in China. The gas quality standard calls for 3,500 kcal/m{sup 3} or more (methane concentration of 41% or higher). The supply is planned to start in December 1999, and continue the supply of 141,000 Nm{sup 3}/day in 2000, and 212,000 Nm{sup 3}/day in 2001 and thereafter. A gas supply center to collect gases recovered from each mine will be installed in the vicinity of the existing gas holder located about 2 km east of the Tiefa Mining Bureau. The Japanese side bears the cost of installing a gas compression and transportation facility for gas supply to the city of Tieling, a monitoring system, and devices for comprehensive surveillance system. This paper shows the overall plan drawings, the drain separator room building plan, the plans for arranging devices in the machine room, and the piping scheme. In addition, the piping plan around the gas holder, and the basic device plan are shown. Also appearing in the paper are the machine summary drawings, summarized flow charts, gas holder plan, de-humidifier plan, and electricity and instrumentation plans. The main body and supporting structure for the gas holder, and the foundation strength calculation sheets are also shown. Descriptions are given also on the facilities to deal with variation in demand quantity and supply quantity. (NEDO)

  11. Fiscal 2000 research achievement report on the development of super-advanced liquid crystal technology for energy use rationalization. Development promotion project for super-advanced electronic technology - Design, control, analysis, etc., of electronic materials having novel functions; 2000 nendo energy shiyo gorika chosentan ekisho gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Chosentan denshi gijutsu kaihatsu sokushin jigyo (shinkino denshi zairyo sekkei seigyo bunseki nado gijutsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-04-01

    Efforts are focused on the verification of target devices under the respective subjects, and activities are conducted with the development system reinforced. Three newly proposed reflection type liquid crystal devices achieve the target specifications of a reflection factor of 60% or higher and a contrast ratio of 15:1 or higher. Studies are conducted involving the five fields of (1) multilayer reflection devices, (2) memory retention liquid crystal devices, (3) single pixel color devices, (4) directional reflection devices, and (5) joint research. Research and development in field (1) covers ultra-anisotropic optical materials, ultrahigh reliability host liquid crystal materials for guest-host liquid crystals - mixed system, low voltage driven/high load holding liquid crystal compound systems, and new liquid crystal molecule orientation control technology; in field (2), low temperature fabrication of ferroelectric thin film, and ultrahigh purity high reliability liquid crystal compounds; in field (3), materials capable of controlling optical interference and higher order light scattering, photoregulation devices, highly birefringent liquid crystal materials - mixed system, and ultrahigh efficiency light scattering liquid crystal compounds; and, in field (4), multi-dimensional anisotropic structure fabrication technology and ultra-anisotropic optical materials. (NEDO)

  12. Basic investigation on promotion of joint implementation in fiscal 2000. Energy saving projects at two steel making companies in Fushun City in China; 2000 nendo kyodo jisshi nado suishin kiso chosa hokokusho. Chugoku Fushun shi ni okeru tekko gaisha 2 sha no shoene project chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    With an objective of saving energy and reducing greenhouse gas emission, investigations and discussions were given on two steel making companies in China. Discussions were given for Fushun Special Steel Co., Ltd. on abolishment and unification of four electric furnaces into two new electric furnaces, and for Fushun New Steel Co., Ltd. on installation of a granulation reinforcing facility, a segregation reinforcing device, and cooler waste heat recovery boilers for the sintering machine, installation of sensors including the waste gas oxygen concentration meter, adoption of a process computer, and optimization of the furnace temperature patterns for the heating furnace. As a result of the discussions, it was revealed that the unit requirement for electric power used at Fushun Special Steel can be reduced largely, and so can the fuel used at Fushun New Steel. The annual energy saving effect would be about 500 million yen relative to the investment amount of 2.8 billion yen at Fushun Special Steel, and about 400 million yen relative to the investment amount of about 400 million yen at Fushun New Steel. The greenhouse gas emission would be reduced annually by 40,000 t-CO2 and 60,000 t-CO2 respectively. Fushun Special Steel will execute an international bid in May this year. (NEDO)

  13. FY 2000 report on the basic survey to promote Joint Implementation, etc. Project for the modernization of general industry use boilers at the industrial complex in Namping City, Fujian Province, China; 2000 nendo kyodo jisshi nado suishin kiso chosa hokokusho. Chugoku Fukkensho Namping shi danchi no ippan sangyoyo boiler kindaika jigyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    An investigational study was conducted of the project for energy conservation and greenhouse effect gas reduction by introducing the energy utilization system combined with CCS equipment and cogeneration system to general industry plants at the industrial complex in Namping City, Fujian Province, China. As a result of the field survey, it was concluded that the capacity suitable for CCS center was 200,000 t/y and the size suitable for pulverized coal boiler at each site was 35 t/h. The energy conservation amount in this project was the coal use reduction amount by 88,000 t/y (48,000 toe/y), and the greenhouse effect gas reduction amount was approximately 90,000 t-CO2/y. As to the economical efficiency of the project, the period of ROI was about 5.1 years, and the internal earning rate at each site was 14-23%. The materialization of the project was confirmed. However, in the case of raising the required funds from city banks in China, financing conditions are strict, and the financing seems to be difficult at each site. It is necessary to raise low-interest funds such as the special environment yen credit. (NEDO)

  14. Fiscal 1997 report on the survey of verification of geothermal exploration technology, etc. 1. Development of the reservoir variation exploration method (development of the fracture hydraulic exploration method); 1997 nendo chinetsu tansa gijutsu nado kensho chosa. Choryuso hendo tansaho kaihatsu (danretsu suiri tansaho kaihatsu) hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    The paper described the fiscal 1997 result of the fracture hydraulic exploration method as the variation exploration method of geothermal reservoirs. By elucidating hydraulic characteristics of the fracture system forming reservoir, technologies are established which are effective for the reservoir evaluation in early stages of development, maintenance of stable power after operational start-up, and extraction of peripheral reservoirs. As for the pressure transient test method, a test supporting system was basically designed to obtain high accuracy hydraulic parameters. As to the tiltmeter fracture monitoring method, a simulation was made for distribution of active fractures and evaluation of hydraulic constants without drilling wells. In relation to the two-phase flow measuring method, for stable steam production, the use of the orifice plate, the existing flow measuring method, etc. was forecast as a simple measuring method of the two-phase state of reservoir. Concerning the hydrophone VSP method, a feasibility study was made of the practical VSP for high temperature which can analyze hydraulic characteristics and geological structures around the well at the same time which the existing methods were unable to grasp, and brought the results. Moreover, to make high accuracy reservoir modeling possible, Doppler borehole televiewer was made in each reservoir. 80 refs., 147 figs., 22 tabs.

  15. FY 1998 report on the verification survey of geothermal survey technology, etc./Development of the reservoir fluctuation survey method (Summary). Theme 5-1. Technology to predict reservoir fluctuations; 1998 nendo chinetsu tansa gijutsu nado kensho chosa choryuso hendo tanhsaho kaihatsu hokokusho (yoyaku ). 5-1. Choryuso hendo (choryuso hendo yooku gijutsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    The existing gravity post processor was improved and a feasibility study of downhole gravity profile measurement was conducted. As compared with the earth surface, great fluctuations could be observed in the downhole, indicating a possibility of acquiring the useful information on underground steam zones. The existing self-potential post processor was improved, which made the history matching analysis easy. A geochemical post processor was developed which can analyze geochemical fluctuations. Changes in resistivity in reservoir associated with production/injection of geothermal fluids were calculated, and a feasibility was shown of developing the resistivity post processor into which the existing MT forward calculation method was efficiently integrated. From the data on effects of changes in temperature/fluid phase on seismic wave velocity and damping, usability of the seismic wave post processor was made clear. From the reservoir fluctuation analysis using gravity/self-potential post processor, it was found out that gravity fluctuations at Onikobe had already finished and presently there are less fluctuations. Self-potential is still in fluctuations and becomes indices of reservoir fluctuations. Study was made also on Sumikawa where steam is dominant. (NEDO)

  16. Fiscal 1997 report on the verification survey of geothermal exploration technology. 5-1. Development of the reservoir variation survey method (technology of prediction of reservoir variation); 1997 nendo chinetsu tansa gijutsu nado kensho chosa. Choryuso hendo tansaho kaihatsu (choryuso hendo yosoku gijutsu) hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    For the reservoir evaluation at an initial developmental stage and stabilization/maintenance of power after the start of operation, the fiscal 1997 result was described of the study of technology of prediction of reservoir variation. Using the conventional post processor, feasibilities were computed of reservoir models and behavior after the development, and gravity/self potential/resistivity variation. Variation in the seismic wave speed structure was large in travel time change distribution. The measuring accuracy of 1m sec is required to get enough detection resolving power. A conceptual design of the post processor development was conducted to study a system operated on Windows. Based on the reservoir numerical simulation technology, by taking in variation parameters such as gravity and self potentials as new model constraint conditions, the reservoir modeling technology which increased in accuracy by history matching was trially developed. Using the conventional reservoir model in the Oguni area, predictably computed were reservoir behaviors during 50 years which simulated a 20 MW development. Effectiveness of the post processor were able to be shown though influenced by characteristics such as permeability and resistivity. 74 refs., 95 refs., 12 tabs.

  17. Fiscal 1997 Project related to research and development of global environment industrial technologies. Report on the results of works commissioned for research and development of technology for reducing carbon dioxide emissions; 1997 nendo chikyu kankyo sangyo gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu kanren jigyo. Nisanka tanso nado haishutsu teigen gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu itaku gyomu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    With an objective of achieving reduction in emission of carbon dioxide and fluorocarbons, the `research and development on technologies to reduce emission of carbon dioxide and other substances` consisting of eight projects were conducted. In research and development of waste water treatment technologies using submerged combustion, studies were performed on removal by combustion of such pollutants as organic compounds, nitrogen compounds, and sulfur compounds. The development targets were achieved on each item. In research and development related with thermal electric power generation elements, semiconductor single crystals were fabricated in order to acquire technical knowledge on thermal power generation elements intended of utilizing industrial waste heat, whereas a simulation technology for designing was developed. In other projects, research and development works were carried out on high-performance heat insulating materials, and a movable methanol reformer for fuel cells. Developments were conducted on a large pressure reducing valve, and a cooling and heating turbo heat pump for regional air conditioning facilities. Research and development were made on Peltier elements, all efforts having achieved results respectively. 134 figs., 65 tabs.

  18. FY 1998 result report. Report on the results of the examinational research on the trend of technology development in the iron/steel industry; 1998 nendo seika hokokusho. Tekko sangyo no gijutsu kaihatsu doko nado ni kansuru chosa kenkyu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    The trend of the technology development in the Japanese iron/steel industry was compared with those in foreign countries and surveyed to increase the international competitive strength. From the viewpoints of technology, industry and goods, the iron/steel field was characterized based on the statistic data, and especially automobile use steel materials were selected such as cold rolling high tension steel sheet, surface treated steel sheet, and bearing sheet. The analysis of factors of competitive superiority was conducted, and the following were presented: measures for process continuation, and measures taken from the age of equipment and cost indexes. The paper also surveyed the trend of pig iron making/steel making technology in Asia. The present international technical competitiveness in the iron/steel industry in Japan, especially of automobile use steel sheet, is very high. This is because of the well-functioned demand-oriented development, and also as a result of the mutually influentially conducted equipment development such as process continuation and development of new goods, supposing the iron/steel continuous process and reduction in impurities. However, fears are the stagnation in the recent technical development strength and the saturation of new equipment. Moreover, the further heightening is needed of the international cost competitive strength of general-purpose products. (NEDO)

  19. Research achievement report for fiscal 1998 on the development of high-performance industrial furnaces. Research and development of high-performance industrial furnaces and the like (2); 1998 nendo koseino kogyoro no kaihatsu ni kansuru kenkyu seika hokokusho. Koseino kogyoro nado ni kansuru kenkyu kaihatsu (2)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Volume 2 named above contains part of research achievement reports and individual research achievement reports. The aluminum melting furnace working group research achievement report covers aluminum melting furnace operating patterns, concentrated impinging flame mode and dispersed impinging flame mode, and honeycomb and ball structures in heat storing bodies. The tubular heater working group report mentions the application of this facility to oil heating furnaces, studies and investigations for the embodiment of real systems using the tubular heater, and tests conducted in a furnace with plural heating tube lines. The individual research achievement reports elaborate on the development of technologies of heat transfer optimization under unsteady conditions in the steel material heating process, research and development of high-efficiency heat transfer technologies, development of heating furnace geometry optimization technologies, research and development of a high-performance controlled atmosphere heat treatment furnace, development of high-efficiency heat transfer technologies in high-temperature jet flame heating, development of heat uniformity improvement technologies for example for the steel material heating process, construction of optimum combustion control technologies for the regenerative burner furnace, research concerning laser-aided measurement in industrial furnaces, etc. (NEDO)

  20. Achievement report for fiscal 1997 on the development of technologies for utilizing biological resources such as complex biosystems. Development of complex biosystem analyzing technology; 1997 nendo fukugo seibutsukei nado seibutsu shigen riyo gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Fukugo seibutsukei kaiseki gijutsu no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    The aim is to utilize the sophisticated functions of complex biosystems. In the research and development of technologies for effectively utilizing unexploited resources and substances such as seeweeds and algae, seaweeds are added to seawater to turn into a microbial suspension after the passage of two weeks, the suspension is next scattered on a carageenan culture medium, and then carageenan decomposing microbes are obtained. In the research and development of technologies for utilizing microbe/fauna-flora complex systems, technologies for exploring and analyzing microbes are studied. For this purpose, 48 kinds of sponges and 300 kinds of bacteria symbiotic with the sponges are sampled in Malaysia. Out of them, 15 exhibit enzyme inhibition and Artemia salina lethality activities. In the development of technologies for analyzing the functions of microbes engaged in the production of useful resources and substances for animals and plants, 150 kinds of micro-algae are subjected to screening using protease and chitinase inhibiting activities as the indexes, and it is found that an extract of Isochrysis galbana displays an intense inhibitory activity. The alga is cultured in quantities, the active component is isolated from 20g of dried alga, and its constitution is determined. (NEDO)

  1. Development in fiscal 1998 of technology to put solar systems for industrial use into practical use. International joint technology development for solar energy utilization systems; 1998 nendo sangyoyo nado solar system jitsuyoka gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Taiyo energy riyo system kokusai kyodo gijutsu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    The solar energy utilizing technologies having been developed under the Sunshine Project were used to have executed the international joint technology development on the 'solar heat utilizing drying system' in the Republic of Indonesia. This paper summarizes the achievements in fiscal 1998. In operating the pilot plant, three operational experiments out of seven experiments were carried out only by Indonesian engineers. As a result of the drying experiments, the heat collecting characteristics of the collector were as about half at 19 to 30% as the efficiency assumed in the design of 50%. The reason for this can be attributed to the fact that the cover glass used in the demonstration test in Japan had light permeability of about 87%, but the cover glass used in the test plant was made of frosted glass whose light permeability was about 37%. This glass is the only glass available for a heat collector in the solar heat hot water device in Indonesia, but is unsuitable for the heat collector. Another cause was that the insolation at the site was lower by about 30% than the one used at the design stage. (NEDO)

  2. Hydrogen utilization international clean energy system technology (WE-NET). Subtask 8. Development of hydrogen combustion turbines (development of the main component devices such as turbine blades and rotors); Suiso riyo kokusai clean energy system gijutsu (WE-NET). Subtask 8. Suiso nensho turbine no kaihatsu (turbine yoku, rotor nado shuyo kosei kiki no kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    The paper described the result of the fiscal 1996 development relating to hydrogen combustion turbines, as one of the hydrogen utilization technologies, which have excellent environmentality and are expected of remarkably high efficiency. In the film cooling system of first-stage moving/stationary blades, the smaller the pitch of film pore is, the higher the mean cooling efficiency becomes, indicating 0.7 at maximum. As compared with the conventional shower head type, the metal temperature can be reduced 30-40degC. In the recovery type inner (convection) cooling system, by reducing the blade number, the consumption amount of coolant can be reduced 6% in stationary blade and 13% in moving blade, as compared with the result of the preceding year. In the element test of the hybrid cooling system, film cooling efficiency was actually measured by the porous module test equipment, and the result well agreed with the calculation result. In the water cooling system, studied were water (stationary blade) and vapor (moving blade) of the closed cooling structure for realization of a cycle efficiency of 60%. In rotor/disk cooling, analyses were made of seal characteristic grasp tests and characteristics of the rotor. The effect of deflection in the mainstream was small. Besides, proper value of the seal overlapping amount could be obtained. 6 refs., 368 figs., 55 tabs.

  3. Report on the survey in fiscal 1998. Basic survey on promotion of the joint implementation (a survey on improvement in wastes treatment system in Tapioka starch manufacturing plants); 1998 nendo chosa hokokusho. Kyodo jisshi nado suishin kiso chosa (Tapioka denpun kako kojo no haikibutsu shori no kaizen chosa)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    In order to promote the joint implementation based on COP3, a survey and a discussion were given on improvement in wastes treatment systems and reduction of greenhouse effect gas emission in Tapioka starch manufacturing plants scattered in Indonesia. Currently, the wastes are disposed untreated, discharging methane gas into atmosphere as a result of putrefaction and contamination. Ten factories were picked up as the object of the survey. The following processes are to be adopted as the most suitable method for treating waste water and waste substances: solids (peels and fibers) are composted, and rinsing waste water is subjected to simple aerobic treatment; purified waste water is recovered of methane gas by means of anaerobic treatment; and the reduction amount of greenhouse effect gas converted to CO2 is estimated to reach 314,824 tons per year in total of the ten factories. If the carbon dioxide discharge right can be transacted at a sales price of a dollar per ton, assuming the compost sales price at 200 Rp./kg, the IRR will be 10% or higher, making the project very highly profitable. An IRR of 8% may not be assured unless the discharge right can be sold at 5 dollars per ton if the compost sales price is 150 Rp./kg. The Indonesian Government expects financial assistance from Japan for the pilot plant demonstration. (NEDO)

  4. FY 2000 report on the R and D of the particulate utilization type creation technology of biological connective substances. Survey of the technical trend overseas; 2000 nendo biryushi riyogata seitai ketsugo busshitsu nado sosei gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Kaigai gijutsu doko chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    The paper summarized the reports on the results of Japanese engineers' participating in the related scientific meetings held overseas as a survey report on the trend of the overseas technology. The scientific meetings they participated in were: 1) Impact of Genomics on Medicine and Pharmacogenomics Europe (Amsterdam; May 15-26, 2000), 2) Drug Discovery Technology 2000 (Boston; August 10-20, 2000), 3) Biotechnology 2000 (Berlin; September 3-12, 2000), 4) PacificChem 2000 (Hawaii; December 14-21, 2000), 5) 4th Winter Conference on Medicinal and Bioorganic Chemistry (Seattle; January 27 - February 4, 2001). Impact of Genomics on Medicine was composed of the following five fields: microarrays, proteomics, functional genomics and target validation, genetic variation technology, and applications of SNP analysis (joint session). Pharmacogenomics Europe was composed of the following four fields: applications of SNP analysis (joint session), SNP assays, targets and compounds, and clinical applications. (NEDO)

  5. Fiscal 1998 achievement report. Venture business raising type regional consortium - Small business creation base type (Development of nursery tray pickup robot and transport system for rice or vegetable growing); 1998 nendo suito oyobi yasai nado no hako ikubyo no robot naetori hanso system no kaihatsu (dai 2 nendo) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    The project aims to develop energy conservation technologies through robotizing the processes of uprooting and conveying rice or vegetable seedlings. In fiscal 1998, the task covered root cutting and seedling uprooting, and a method was designed in which seedlings were uprooted through the intermediary of strings placed to run under the nursery trays. An effort was started to build an experimental root-cutting/seedling-pickup device. Systems for housing and conveying seedling trays were built simultaneously with a seedling tray loading system. In fiscal 1999, the root-cutting/seedling-pickup device was tested repeatedly for its seedling-pickup performance, and was modified. The nursery tray housing and conveying system accommodates a total of 84 trays in a 2-line 7-stage arrangement with 6 trays mounted on each stage. The conveyance speed was set at 0.4m/s-0.5m/s, and the trays travelled with stability in the system house. As for tray loading, an experimental device was built in which the mechanism for replacing empty trays with full trays had been changed from the turn table mechanism to a lateral movement type. Tests were conducted and it was demonstrated that the experimental device operated smoothly. A commercialization survey was conducted, and a conclusion was reached that a quarter of the target farmers in Hokkaido would positively accept the new technologies and adopt this system. (NEDO)

  6. Development of hot water utilizing power plants in fiscal 1999. Development of binary cycle power plant (Development of system to detect well bottom information when geothermal hot water is excavated); 1999 nendo nessui riyo hatsuden plant nado kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Binary cycle hatsuden plant no kaihatsu (chinetsusei kussakuji kotei joho kenchi system no kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    Developmental research has been performed on the MWD system to identify on the real time basis the information about well bottom when geothermal hot water is excavated (azimuth, inclination, pressure and temperature). This paper summarizes the achievements in fiscal 1999. In the developmental research on the detection device, attempts were made in improving the zonde, and enhancing its heat resisting performance. In addition, data were acquired on electronics parts as a result of the heat resistance identifying test. For the on-the-ground devices, improvement was made to add the experiment analyzing program with a program to remove the downhole motor pressure noise. The pressure noise during excavation in the actual wells was collected. In the analyzing system, use of PC, improvement, and operation check were performed on the well trace projecting and indicating system. Operation of the well trace estimating system was checked by using the actual data in order to prepare the operation manual. With regard to the well evaluation supporting system, improvement, operation check and that by using the actual data were executed on the PC version temperature analyzing system. Performance of the zonde was verified by the actual geothermal well test. (NEDO)

  7. Achievement report for 1st phase (fiscal 1974-80) Sunshine Program research and development - Hydrogen energy. Research on hydrogen production technology using thermochemical process (Research on cycles of Fe systems etc.); 1974-1980 nendo suiso energy seika hokokusho. Netsu kagakuho ni yoru suiso seizo gijutsu no kenkyu (tetsukei cycle nado no kenkyu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1981-03-01

    Collected in this report are the results of efforts of the Government Industrial Research Institute, Osaka, in the 7-year period that began in fiscal 1974. The Institute, after looking for basic reactions in thermochemical cycles which are promising, has come to propose a new cycle in which iron and bromine are the reactants. In the research, the Fe-Br reaction is divided into a hydrogen generating loop and an oxygen generating loop, both to be developed into devices. Problems in developing them into a cycle are isolated, and solved. In the hydrogen generating loop, the use of a molten salt is contrived for the prevention of reduction in the reactivity of the Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4} to be generated, and now it is expected that the problem will be solved. No problem is detected in the oxygen generating loop. The process is now accepted as a superb one. As for the materials for the Fe-Br-based cycle apparatus, important tasks have to be undertaken since existing materials cannot be used as is. Besides, thermal efficiency etc. are estimated for a new As-Br-based hybrid cycle and the Fe-Br-based cycle. (NEDO)

  8. Analysis and evaluation of data to accompany the development of geothermal water use power plant, etc. Analysis and evaluation of polymeric materials exposed to geothermal heat at depths; Nessui riyo hatsuden plant nado kaiahtsu ni tomonau data no kaiseki hyoka. Shinbu chinetsuyo kobunshi zairyo no kaiseki hyoka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kenmochi, K.; Takahashi, J.; Takayanagi, H.; Tsuda, H.; Nagai, H.; Takeuchi, K. [Agency of Industrial Science and Technology, Tokyo (Japan); Nagasawa, C. [Kumamoto Prefectural Industrial Technology Center, Kumamoto (Japan); Hamada, T. [Science University of Tokyo, Tokyo (Japan). Faculty of Industrial Science and Technology

    1998-11-20

    Remaining life assessment technologies for polymeric materials for geothermal power generation and methods for improving their heat resistance are reviewed, and concepts of scale-free technologies for FRP (fiber-reinforced plastic)-sandwiched pipelines for hot water transportation are described. Materials based on PTFE (polytetrafluoroethylene) and NBR (acrylonitrile-butadiene rubber) are chosen for use as DHM (down-hole motor) sealing material and for application to the stator. With PTFE as the matrix, four candidates are prepared, which are additive-free PTFE, and GF/PTFE, GF/CF/PTFE, CF/PTFE, each containing 20w% GF (glass fiber) and/or 20w% CF (carbon fiber). With NBR serving as the matrix, two candidates are prepared, which are NBR-A containing 20w% aramid fiber and NBR-W which is a vulcanized NBR-A. External force, heat, light, and mud are named as the degradation factors, and each factor and some combinations of external force, heat, and light are repeatedly imposed on the materials. During the effort to develop an apparatus for simulating geothermal circumstances in which the factors will affect the materials in complicated ways, a life assessment technique is developed for such polymeric materials. A technology is developed for providing polymeric rubber elastomer with a heat resistant feature. A study is made to replace transportation pipelines for injection wells with FRP sandwiched pipelines. (NEDO)

  9. Research report of fiscal 1997. Basic research project on energy saving in developing countries (cooperative research on oil saving / basic research on the industry of Thailand); 1997 nendo chosa hokokusho. Hatten tojokoku energy shohi koritsuka kiso chosa nado jigyo sekiyu shohi koritsuka kyoryoku chosa (Taikoku sangyo kiso chosa hokokusho)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    Field research was made for oil saving in Thailand. To promote energy saving in a textile industry as main export industry, its motivation for production stuff is essential in business improvement. Proposal for work improvement, supply system of bonuses, and small-group activity are effective. Management of an energy consumption rate is essential in business management. Use of efficient waste water treatment equipment is also one of the issues. In food factories, various scopes for improvement are still found by mass/heat balance analysis in production process. As an example, a large amount of water is consumed in vain for washing raw rice in a rice powder factory, and separation of SS precipitate from waste water should be improved. Because of lagoon treatment, an effluent standard is not achieved in spite of consumption of wasteful aeration power. This treatment is reasonable because of its scale and site, although the standard can be achieved by activated sludge method. Reconsideration of the standard is also necessary based on a local total BOD load capacity. The profitability of a methane fermentation method should be examined. 72 figs., 95 tabs.

  10. Basic investigation on promotion of joint implementation in fiscal 2000. Feasibility survey on conservation of energy and reduction of warming gas emission; 2000 nendo kyodo jisshi nado suishin kiso chosa hokokusho. Seitogyo no sho energy oyobi ondanka gas sakugen kanosei chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Upon the request from the Ministry of Agriculture of the Polish Government, a survey has been performed on three sugar production factories (Lesmierz, Lapy and Werbkowice) in Poland in relation with conservation of energy and reduction of warming gas emission. The survey has been made from the following two aspects: improvement of energy utilization efficiency in the sugar production processes, and efficiency improvement and fuel conversion in the boilers being the energy supplying source. As a result of the discussions on the sugar production process improvement, annual fuel conservation of 304,495 GJ (or 12,688 tons as converted to coal) in total for the three factories, or the energy saving rate of 28% was obtained. Regarding the greenhouse gas emission, an effect of reducing 25,235 tons, or a reduction rate of 27% was achieved. In the combination of the sugar production process improvement and the boiler improvement, the fuel conservation will be 18,363 tons as converted into coal, and the reduction of the greenhouse gas emission will be 56,107 tons. However, when based on the present coal price and natural gas price, the improvement efforts will not be realizable economically for both of Lesmierz and Werbkowice factories, hence comprehensive judgment is required from the viewpoint of the fuel price and environment preservation expense in the future. (NEDO)

  11. FY 2000 report on the results of the technology development of energy use reduced machine tools, etc. Development of the linear motor system for realization of energy conservation and commercialization; 2000 nendo energy shiyo gorika kosaku kiki nado gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Shoeneka to jitsuyoka wo jitsugensuru linear motor system no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    In relation to the drive system of machine tools widely used as production facilities for automobiles, home electric appliances, etc., the R and D were made of a high efficiency linear motor system of which attention was paid to energy rationalization and environmental loads, and the FY 2000 results were summed up. In the study of the development of the system, studies were made not only on the lowering of heating, cost reduction and heightening of speed, but on the mechanism and control by which machine natural vibration can relatively be cut off, technology of damping for cutting vibration, technology to meet the deformation, etc. by cutting loads, sliding loads, and acceleration of accelerating/decelerating, technology to reduce the machine weight, etc. In the study of the basic technology of linear motor, the finite element method analysis was conducted on the typical linear motor. Concerning the control system, specs were studied which can deal with natural vibration and cutting vibration of the machine system. As to the development of the steel scale type linear encoder, scale sample for evaluation of basic characteristics was designed/trially manufactured. In the study of the detection optical system, the design/trial manufacture of photodiode array were made. (NEDO)

  12. Research and development of utilization technology of solar thermal system for industrial and other use. Development of system of advanced heat process type (chemical refrigeration and cold storage system using solar heat); Sangyoyo nado solar system jitsuyoka gijutsu kaihatsu. Advanced heat process gata system no kaihatsu (taiyonetsu reito reizo no kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Takita, M [New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization, Tokyo (Japan)

    1994-12-01

    Described herein are the results of the FY1994 research program for chemical refrigeration and cold storage system using solar heat. The study on refrigeration materials are aimed at development of new hydrogen-occluding alloys which show good hydrogenation equilibrium characteristics and reactivity at temperature required for stand-alone refrigeration systems aided by solar heat, and still new hydrogen-occluding alloys operable at refrigeration temperature for lower-temperature systems. For the refrigeration materials capable of producing low-temperature heat of -10{degree}C at a regeneration temperature of 140{degree}C produced by solar heat, a La-Ni-Mn-Al alloy is selected for high-temperature use and a La-Y-Ni-Mn alloy for low-temperature use. The study on technology for refrigeration modules develops high-efficiency heat exchangers for refrigeration and regeneration, compatible with the hydrogen-occluding alloys. It also develops air-and water-cooling techniques for hydrogen-occluding alloys, where air is used as the heat source. The test apparatus is designed, installed and operated, to attain a low temperature of -10{degree}C or lower with a heat source of 140{degree}C and air heat source of 28{degree}C. 7 figs.

  13. Research and development of utilization technology of solar thermal energy system for industrial and other use. Research and development of solar system (investigation of popular type snow melting systems); Sangyoyo nado solar system jitsuyoka gijutsu kaihatsu. Solar system no chosa kenkyu (fukyugata yusetsu system no kenkyu chosa)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Takita, M [New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization, Tokyo (Japan)

    1994-12-01

    Described herein are the results of the FY1994 research program for investigation for popular type snow melting systems using solar energy. Two types of technologies are proposed to utilize solar energy for snow melting in winter and create comfortable environments. One is combined (active plus passive) type, which transfers solar heat it collects by the whole wall surfaces to an attic to heat it totally, and makes the whole roof as a radiator to melt snow. However, heat radiated from the roof is insufficient to melt all snow on the roof, allowing it to remain to an extent that it works as an insulator. The other is active type, which transfers heat it collects by the collector to the heat storage tank, from which heat is extracted in winter for various purposes, including snow melting. Such a system must store heat for an extended period, for which a highly insulating heat storage tank is proposed to balance capacity of heat storage between seasons and building size.

  14. Research and development of utilization technology of solar thermal system for industrial and other use. Research and development of key technology (energy conversion on technology using chemical reactions); Sangyoyo nado solar system jitsuyoka gijutsu kaihatsu. Yoso gijutsu no kenkyu (kagaku energy henkan gijutsu no kenkyu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Takita, M [New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization, Tokyo (Japan)

    1994-12-01

    Described herein are the results of the FY1994 research program for energy conversion technology using chemical reactions by the aid of solar energy. The demonstration runs were conducted by a bench-scale unit, which was operated stably for 100h, to produce promising results. The catalyst exhibits stable performance, without showing a sign of deactivation. It is found that the heat pump system works well, without being interfered with accumulated by-products. A heat of approximately 2,100kcal/h is recovered. It is confirmed that steam of 150{degree}C and 200{degree}C is generated from hot water of 80{degree}C and 95{degree}C, respectively. The bench-scale runs show a thermal efficiency of around 10%, which is lower than the target level. However, the runs with hydrogen-occluding alloy attain a process thermal efficiency of 30%. The system in which solar collector and chemical heat pump units are combined is evaluated with respect to its economic efficiency and operability for its eventual commercialization. 6 figs., 2 tabs.

  15. Research and development of utilization technology of solar thermal system for industrial and other use. Research and development of solar system (research for solar/energy-conservation technology retrofitted to existing buildings); Sangyoyo nado solar system jitsuyoka gijutsu kaihatsu. Solar system no chosa kenkyu (solar toshi muke gijutsu ni kansuru chosa)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Takita, M [New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization, Tokyo (Japan)

    1994-12-01

    Described herein are the results of the FY1994 research program for solar/energy-conversion technologies retrofitted to existing buildings. The estimated effects and economic viability of retrofitting technologies show that they bring very high energy-saving effects when applied to heating and hot water supply, which consume a large portion of energy, but relatively low energy-saving effects when applied to cooling, solar walls, glazed balconies and transparent insulators. The study on applicability of these technologies in Japan indicates that the technologies which can recover cost within an average life time are those applied to windows, solar collector systems for hot water supply and heating, and transparent insulators. Although these technologies are low in applicability to cooling viewed from the angle of cost recovery, retrofitted radiation type cooling systems improve not only cooling and energy-saving effects but also comfortableness.

  16. Research report of fiscal 1997. Feasibility research on introduction of distributed power sources using new energy (photovoltaic and wind power generation) in the South Pacific; 1997 nendo chosa hokokusho. Minami Taiheiyo ni okeru shin energy (taiyoko, furyoku nado) wo katsuyoshita bunsangata dengen no donyu kanosei chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    Feasibility research was made on distributed power sources using photovoltaic and wind power generation in Tonga and Samoa. For the best mix of environment-friendly power sources, hearing from government leaders and power business persons, and field inspection were carried out. Foreign currency earnings of Tonga are dependent on remittance from nations working overseas, while since diesel fuel for power generation is expensive because of import through Fiji and tariffs, multi-power sources for power cost reduction and low-cost new power systems are in expectation. Underground transmission and distribution lines are under consideration to prevent typhoon damages. Both countries are probably rich in wind power potential, however, wind condition data are poor requiring further researches. Tonga government is in charge of power business except that in Tongatapu island. In Samoa, EPC (Electric Power Corp.) is in charge of power business. Hydroelectric power generation is possible because of rivers formed by abundant tropical rains. Feasibility research was made on coal-firing, fuel cell combined, wind power, photovoltaic and waste power generation. 7 figs.

  17. Report on the FY 1993 basic survey for industrialization related to the survey of overseas geological structure (Muara Lakitan area, Indonesia). Tables and drawings; 1993 nendo kaigai chishitsu kozo nado chosa ni kakawaru kigyoka kiso chosa hokokusho (Indonesia Muara Lankin chiku). Hyo oyobi zumen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1994-03-01

    These are tables and drawings for the FY 1993 basic survey for the coal mine development/industrialization in the Muara Lakitan area of Indonesia. The geological structure in the survey area is under six sets of the anticline/syncline structure which have an NW-SE axis of fold, and exposes the Muaraenim seam repeatedly. The theoretical coal reserve in the depth down to 200m of each of the seams, Nos. 1, 2, 5, 12 and 13, which are great in coal seam change and exist relatively stably, is 143 million tons. The depth for adoption of the shovel/truck system open pit mining seems to be 50m or shallower, and the production is to be approximately 70 million tons. The coal is classified into a subbituminous coal-brown coal rank of the JIS classification. As tables, included were a table of the calculation of coal amount by seam and a table of the analytical result of coal by seam. As drawings, included were borehole logs of coal seam by boring, diagrams of thickness by seam such as the seam thickness/diagrams of thickness by seam such as the coal thickness, diagrams of range of calculating the coal amount, etc. Besides, in relation to coal properties, the report included value diagrams by seam of the inherent moisture, the ash, the volatile matter, the fixed carbon, the heating value, and the total sulfur content. (NEDO)

  18. Environment-friendly type energy and coordinated community development project. Feasibility study for industrialization of high efficiency waste-fired power generation system using CSD and other wastes; Kankyo chowagata energy community keisei sokushin. Kokoritsu haikibutsu hatsuden (CSD nado haikibutsu riyo) jigyoka FS chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    This report presents the feasibility of enterprise on power generation by thermal recycle and selling power together with volume reduction, de-harming (de-toxification) and stabilization of the shredder dust. Contents of the study include the investigation of generation amount of car shredder dust (CSD) and its properties, trial design of high efficiency power generation facilities, selection of boiler tube materials, incineration test with a melting kiln test plant, disposal and effective use of melted slag and fly ash, and environmental impact assessment. The capacity of waste disposal in the trial design contains 1,140 ton/day of shredder dust, 60 ton/day of waste plastics, sludge and waste paper, and 130 ton/day of waste oil. Melting kiln with secondary combustion chamber was adopted as the incineration type. The high temperature and high pressure waste heat boiler with an extraction condensing turbine was adopted as the waste heat recovery and power generation type. Stable combustion was confirmed from the results using a test plant. According to the consideration of cost and unit cost results for wholesale power supply, if it is postulated that income for waste disposal is 12,000 yen/ton, power generation costs in excess power selling and wholesales are 6.4 yen/kWh and 9.1 yen/kWh, respectively. 67 figs., 48 tabs.

  19. Report on the basic survey on promotion of joint project implementation in fiscal 1998. 'Repowering of three gas-based thermal power plants'; 1998 nendo kyodo jisshi nado suishin kiso chosa. Gas base karyoku hatsudensho no repowering (3 plant)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    With an objective of reactivating and reduction of emission of greenhouse effect gases, investigations and discussions were given on repowering three thermal power plants in the Federal Republic of Russia. The project on Kirishi Power Station calls for withdrawal of 1800-MW capacity out of the existing generation capacity of 2100 MW, and installation of a combined cycle power plant having an output capacity of 1950 MW. The existing 300-MW capacity will be used mainly for heat supply. At Puskovskaya Power Plant, a combined cycle power plant with a capacity of 1170 MW will be built newly. Iriklinskaya Power Station will have the existing plant removed, where a new combined cycle power plant with a capacity of 2340 MW will be constructed. As a result of the discussions, the cumulative reduction amount of CO2 emission will reach 44.67 million tons, 10.53 million tons, and 89.94 million tons respectively, and the investment return rate before tax will be 11.35%, 11.85% and 11.18% respectively. This project is expected to contribute largely to reduction of CO2 emission, and at the same time strengthen the foundation of the power plant management. (NEDO)

  20. Report on the FY 1995 basic survey for industrialization related to the survey of overseas geological structure (Pondok Labu East area, Indonesia). Data attached 3 (BIP survey report); 1995 nendo kaigai chishitsu kozo nado chosa ni kakawaru kigyoka kiso chosa (Indonesia Pondok Labu higashi chiku) hokokusho. Tenpu shiryo 3 (BIP chosa hokokusho)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    The survey was conducted based on 'Scope of work for detailed coal exploration in the Pondok Labu East area of East Kalimantan Province, Kalimantan, Indonesia' concluded on June 16, 1995 between NEDO and P.T. Tanito Harum which owns the mining right. This is a BIP survey report. The strike/dip read from the isobath diagram drawn from the result of the boring little agreed with the stratification in the BIP survey. The BIP stratification is greater in strike and dip than in depth. The latter possibly includes false beds and surfaces cut-off/separated by channel, but roughly speaking the structure becomes such a structure as in the isobath diagram. It suggests that there is local undulation everywhere. Judging from the appearance frequency of open type cracks and the size of hole, there are no problems of the crack type decline at frequency of less than one per 5m at the time of drilling mine roadway. The state of upper/lower basement was not good. Refer to the paper (JN9940854). (NEDO)

  1. Fiscal 1998 research report. Survey on the evaluation and factor of the competitive power of industrial technologies in various fields including an electronic field; 1998 nendo chosa hokokusho.Denshi kanren nado wo hajime to suru sangyo gijutsu kyosoryoku no hyoka to yoin ni kansuru chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Survey was made to evaluate the Japanese competitive power of industrial technologies, and analyze inhibitors from its development by extracting some issues for improvement. Questionnaire survey was made for learned persons based on the framework on evaluation of the Japanese technical level. The current Japanese level of each technology was evaluated generally comparing it with that of overseas countries to acquire its strong and weak points. Based on the hearing for learned persons, the industrial competitive power was evaluated freely from technology, and issues of every industry were also extracted. Problems existed in not only a technical level but also an undertaking process, and based on these problems, the competitive powers of every industry were classified. Previous proposals on the competitive power were analyzed based on literature survey to arrange some policies to approach. Possible inhibitors were arranged showing the policy reinforcing the industrial competitive power. Problems on educational system, business management, social infrastructure, and technology diffusion system were extracted. (NEDO)

  2. Fiscal 1994 report on technological results. Development of fuel cell technology such as urban energy center (Survey for practical development of optical system of decentralized power source for residential use); 1994 nendo toshi energy center nado nenryo denchi gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Minseiyo bunsangata dengen saiteki system jitsuyoka kaihatsu chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-05-01

    Feasibility study was conducted on the technology for practical application of a several kW class fuel cell for the people's livelihood, particularly, for residential use. The study was made in six areas consisting of study on the present state of technology, conceptual design of a small fuel cell, survey on a promising market, basic concept of cell for residential use, feasibility study on application and on introduction. There is no record of development of the several kW class; while the fuel cell excels in the efficiency of energy utilization and the environmental conservation, its performance greatly deteriorates by start and stop under the present technology. Accordingly, it is a prerequisite that the equipment is for an electric heat combined type and for system interconnection. Also, while it is proper that the cell is phosphate type and that the fuel is natural gas, an innovation is necessary in the technology for reforming the cell and the fuel. The conceptual design revealed the possibility of a power generation system having a generating efficiency of 32%, exhaust heat recovery rate of 30%, and dimension of 75x65x150 cm. On the basis of a feasibility study on the application to the combination of a house and a beauty parlor, an advantage was recognized in the fuel unit cost of 5 yen/meal and the equipment cost of 200-250 thousand yen/kW, with demand estimated for 2.5 million installations nationwide including 950 thousand in natural gas supply districts. (NEDO)

  3. Development of hot water utilizing power plants in fiscal 1999. Development of technology to collect geothermal resources in great depths (Development of technology to produce geothermal resources in great depths); 1999 nendo nessui riyo hatsuden plant nado kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Shinbu chinetsu shigen saishu gijutsu no kaihatsu / shinbu chinetsu shigen seisan gijutsu no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    With an objective to develop geothermal resources, research and development has been performed on the production technologies for the deep-seated geothermal resources, such as pressure, temperature, flow speed and density (PTSD) logging technologies. This paper summarizes the achievements in fiscal 1999. In the actual well test on the developed D-probe, it was verified that the probe operates normally under high temperature environment (342 degrees C) which exceeds the measurement limit of conductive cables (315 degrees C). In developing the PTC monitoring technology, the downhole sampler was improved, and a test was performed in the actual hole in the Hijiori area in Yamagata Prefecture. As a result, collection of hot water of about 900 mL has become possible. In developing the high-temperature tracer monitoring technology, simulation was performed keeping in mind charging the tracer into the Hijiori geothermal area, whereas specifications for charging and collecting the tracer were determined. In developing the scale monitoring technology, experiments were carried out on the fluid systems under deep geothermal conditions by using scale forming devices, by which it was indicated that silica is the important scale constituent. (NEDO)

  4. FY 2000 report on the results of the R and D of the technology for rationalization of energy utilization and for CO2 fixation using recycled paper; 2000 nendo energy shiyo gorika koshi nado yuko riyo nisanka tanso koteika gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    In this R and D, the recycled paper, etc. composed mainly of cellulose are degraded (saccharified) up to saccharides in a biological method. The saccharides and CO2 obtained are converted into useful substances such as organic acid using the bacterium function. The aim of the R and D is to develop this conversion (bioconversion) technology and to establish the technology to make an effective use of the recycled paper, etc. as useful chemical raw materials/substances and energy. In FY 2000, study was made mostly of the saccharification and bioconversion. As to the saccharification, conducted were the collection of the bacteria for cellulose degrading enzyme production which have been found so far and the evaluation of degradation of the recycled paper. And, as to the bioconversion, conducted were the survey and isolation of enzyme proteins and genes which are concerned in it in the process toward the formation to organic acid from saccharides and CO2, and the analysis of part of them. In this report, introductory remarks were described in Chapter 1. In Chapter 2, the results were summarized of the study on saccharification of the recycled paper. In Chapter 3, the results were outlined of the study on the bioconversion technology. This technology development was aimed at establishing new high efficiency bio-processes. (NEDO)

  5. Achievement report for fiscal 1997 (New Sunshine Project) on the development of superconductor power application technology. Research on a total system / investigative research on introduction effects; 1997 nendo chodendo denryoku oyo gijutsu kaihatsu (New Sunshine keikaku) seika hokokusho. Total system nado no kenkyu / donyu koka no chosa kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    This paper describes investigation and discussion on effects of introducing a superconductor power application technology. The generator sub-committee has compared features, technical problems and development expenses in the first and second proposals, but has not reached the final conclusion. The first proposal is targeted for early realization of 200-300 MW class generators with development cost of six to seven billion yen and a development term of seven years. These developments raise largely towards practical application the levels of material technologies, fabrication and processing technologies, and analysis and design technologies. The second proposal is intended of developing 200-300 MW class generators targeted for increased diameter, as a reduced size machine of a 600-MW generator being a future generator. It will take development cost of eight to nine billion yen with the period of nine years for the development. Majority of the technologies required for developing the future 600-MW class generator can be demonstrated. The AC superconductor device sub-committee has investigated design examples, clarified the specification requirements, and investigated and studied the development measures. The oxide superconductor sub-committee has investigated and studied making wires and conductors, and device application feasibility, but has not reached the stage of presenting specific research and development methods. The practical application strategy sub-committee has also not been able to present a collective measure because of difficulty of making future prospect on the electric power business. (NEDO)

  6. Report on achievements in fiscal 1998. Development of a waste disposal and recycle related technology. (Development of a technology to dispose of air bags adequately); 1998 nendo haikibutsu shori recycle kanren gijutsu kaihatsu air bag tekisei shori gijutsu no kaihatsu nado seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-12-01

    This technological development is intended to develop a process technology to dispose adequately of air bags convergently when they are removed from waste cars, with consideration paid on environmental and safety aspects. This technology that can dispose of air bags remaining as air bag modules (ABM) in large quantity and adequately can solve the problems of maloperation in opening them in cars and noise in conventional disposal methods. The recovery and disposal system using an inflator can be expected of reducing work load on dismantling contractors and enhancing the work safety. Furthermore, the energy saving process utilizing combustion of plastics can save resources. However, this technology has not elucidated how dioxins, dust, smoke, sulfides, and nitrogen oxides are generated and how the generation can be prevented. Therefore, an exhaust gas dioxin testing facility and an exhaust gas treating facility were installed additionally to the existing heating treatment facility to develop a disposal technology to treat adequately the exhaust gases generated when ABMs are disposed conveergently in large quantity, and treat the waste water discharged from the facilities. Fiscal 1998 has performed preliminary tests to accumulate fundamental data, and design and installation of the above two facilities. (NEDO)

  7. FY 1998 annual report on the project of basic survey for improving energy consumption efficiency in developing countries / invitation of engineer trainees from developing countries (Indonesia, the Philippines, Vietnam and Myanmar); Hatten tojokoku energy shohi koritsuka kiso chosa nado jigyo / hatten tojokoku gijutsusha shohei jigyo 1998 nendo chosa hokokusho (Indonesia, Philippines, Vietnam, Myanmar)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    NEDO is positively implementing the training programs, in view of importance of training experts on (energy-saving and environmental conservation technologies), by inviting administrators and engineers from developing countries to educate them with Japan's pollution preventive techniques, administration procedures, energy-saving measures, and so on. In FY 1998, NEDO commissioned the International Center for Environment Technology Transfer to train administrators and engineers from Indonesia, the Philippines, Vietnam and Myanmar. This paper describes the proposals, based on the collected answers of the trainees to the questionnaires. The trainees were interested in all themes. About 40% of the trainees considered that the training period was short. Some trainees hoped the training course was held in summer. Difference in industrialization is reflected in difference in recognition and urgency of the environmental problems. Training was conducted by English and Vietnamese, but could be done without translators of Vietnamese. Preparation for the invitation needs a lot of works, and the course should be explained more thoroughly beforehand. It is regrettable that one trainee from Indonesia was late for the course. (NEDO)

  8. FY 2000 report on the basic survey to promote the joint implementation. Feasibility study for new installation of the Ashuganj NGL rectification plant in Bangladesh; 2000 nendo kyodo jisshi nado suishin kiso chosa hokokusho. Bangladesh koku ni okeru Ashuganj NGL seiryu plant shinsetsu no tame no FS chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    For the purpose of effectively using natural gas and controlling the decrease in forests having ability to absorb/store greenhouse effect gas, a project was worked out for construction of the NGL rectification plant to produce LPG, MS and HSD at Ashuganj in Bangladesh, and the feasibility study was conducted. A total of 467t/d of NGL as raw material is transported from the Sylhet section to the plant site by pipeline with 175km distance and 6 inch diameter. In this project, this NGL is rectified to produce LPG of 123t/d, MS of 262t/d and HSD of 82t/d. As a result of the study, the substitution energy effect in this project is approximately 45,000 toe/y. The greenhouse effect gas emission is reduced by 861,000 t-CO2/y by converting the residential/commercial use fuel from firewood as biomass fuel to LPG. The ROI before tax is 19.24% in 20 years, which predicts a high earning rate. (NEDO)

  9. Development in fiscal 1998 of technology to put solar systems for industrial use into practical use. International joint technology development for solar energy utilization systems; 1998 nendo sangyoyo nado solar system jitsuyoka gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Taiyo energy riyo system kokusai kyodo gijutsu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    The solar energy utilizing technologies having been developed under the Sunshine Project were used to have executed the international joint technology development on the 'solar heat utilizing drying system' in the Republic of Indonesia. This paper summarizes the achievements in fiscal 1998. In operating the pilot plant, three operational experiments out of seven experiments were carried out only by Indonesian engineers. As a result of the drying experiments, the heat collecting characteristics of the collector were as about half at 19 to 30% as the efficiency assumed in the design of 50%. The reason for this can be attributed to the fact that the cover glass used in the demonstration test in Japan had light permeability of about 87%, but the cover glass used in the test plant was made of frosted glass whose light permeability was about 37%. This glass is the only glass available for a heat collector in the solar heat hot water device in Indonesia, but is unsuitable for the heat collector. Another cause was that the insolation at the site was lower by about 30% than the one used at the design stage. (NEDO)

  10. Project of the basic survey of cooperation for the heightening of energy efficiency in developing countries. Project for inviting engineers from developing countries to Japan (Malaysia); Hatten tojokoku energy shohi koritsuka kyoryoku kiso chosa nado jigyo. Hatten tojokoku gijutsusha shohei jigyo (Malaysia)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1994-03-01

    For the purpose of plannably and effectively spreading the results of demonstrative researches on energy conservation and environmental technology in developing countries which were jointly made with Japan and Japan`s advanced energy conservation and environment technology, etc., the project invited engineers of developing countries to Japan, gave the intensive research instruction, made the required information exchange, and attempted improving R and D ability of the engineers and smoothening transfer/spread of the technology concerned. Malaysia has been advancing strongly the economic growth along `the 6th Malaysia Plan,` and aims, as a national target, at completing industrialization by 2020 and reaching the level of developed countries. However, the environment problem in Malaysia is worsening. In this invitation project, two-week training was given to 15 trainees, paying attention to the following three items: (1) introduction of technologies of energy conservation and environment in Japan, (2) actual field training at research institutes and corporations which have high-technology on energy conservation and environment, and (3) information exchanges with executive officials, scientists, and researchers in Japan. 6 figs.

  11. Achievement report for 1st phase (fiscal 1974-80) Sunshine Program research and development - Hydrogen energy. Research on hydrogen production technology using thermochemical method (Research on iodine-based cycle etc.); 1974-1980 nendo netsukagakuho ni yoru suiso seizo gijutsu no kenkyu seika hokokusho. Yosokei cycle nado no kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1981-03-01

    Iodine-alkaline earth metal (Mg, Ca) cycles are discovered, and the one with Mg is found excellent. The reaction consists of four stages, that is, Stage (1) where 1/5Mg(IO{sub 3}){sub 2}+MgI{sub 2}(aq) is obtained from 6/5MgO+6/5I{sub 2}, Stage (2) where 1/5MgO+1/5I{sub 2}+1/2O{sub 2} is obtained from 1/5Mg(IO{sub 3}){sub 2}, Stage (3) where MgO+2HI is obtained from MgI{sub 2}+H{sub 2}O, and Stage (4) where H{sub 2}+I{sub 2} is obtained from 2HI. Since there is much iodine and water at Stage (1), MgO thrice MgI{sub 2} in mol is added for reforming and concentration. At Stage (4), where the decomposition rate is as low as 17-27% with the equilibrium dissociation reaction proceeding at 300-700 degrees C, hydrogen is selectively separated by permeation through a porous diaphragm for the acceleration of the reaction. As for materials for the device, they are narrowed down to high-priced ones, that is, Ta and Nb for Stage (1), Ni-50Cr for Stage (2), and Mo etc. for Stages (3) and (4). Under the circumstances, a study is started for the development of a chemical vapor plating process which is high in corrosion resistance. Other cycles such as sulfur-based cycles and hybrid cycles are also investigated. (NEDO)

  12. Basic investigation on promotion of joint implementation in fiscal 2000.'Modification construction at Cherkassyoblenegro Combined Heat and Power Station in the Republic of Ukraine'; 2000 nendo kyodo jisshi nado suishin kiso chosa hokokusho. Ukraine kyowakoku Cherkassyoblenegro netsu heikyu hatsudensho kaishu koji

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    With an objective of saving energy and reducing greenhouse gas emission, investigations and discussions were given on modification of Cherkassyoblenegro Combined Heat and Power Station in the Republic of Ukraine. The project calls for shutdown of the first block and the heat supplying auxiliary boilers being the oldest facilities in the existing station, and utilization of the second block for emergency use. The new facilities will consist of natural gas burning gas turbine combined cycle cogeneration facilities of 200-MW class including two gas turbines, one steam turbine, two each of waste heat recovery boilers, ducts and stacks. As a result of the discussions, if the project execution period is set for 20 years, the energy saving effect would be 144,215 tons of crude oil equivalent annually, and the greenhouse gas emission reducing effect would be 431,421 t-CO2 annually. The total fund amount required for the project is estimated to be 185,700,000 dollars. With regard to the profitability, the internal profit rate for the total fund after tax would be 8.3%, and the principal and interest repayment multiplying factor for single year would be greater than 1.9, whereas the profitability can be anticipated if the financing is available under generous conditions. (NEDO)

  13. Report on the survey in fiscal 1998. Basic survey on promotion of joint implementation (scrap and build of Atyrau Refinery in the Republic of Kazakhstan); 1998 nendo chosa hokokusho. Kyodo jisshi nado suishin kiso chosa (Kazakhstan kyowakoku Atyrau seiyusho no scrap and built)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Discussions were given on the modification plan for Atyrau Refinery in Kazakhstan as a basic survey on promotion of joint implementation based on the COP3. The plan is intended mainly on modernization of overaged refineries, energy conservation, and prevention of pollution. The gists of the plan consist of improvement of quality of diesel oil and gasoline, reduction of production ratio of fuel heavy oil, plant efficiency enhancement, and environmental improvement. The crude oil selected in consideration of the demand in market was the light-gravity Tengiz crude oil whose production increase was attempted. For product quality, a plan was established to modify the facilities to realize improvement in content of light oil, sulfur and aroma, production of non-leaded gasoline, and octane value improvement in consideration of exporting the product into European markets. Since this project is applied to a private corporation, it is necessary that the project is commercially viable. However, the commercially low profitability makes the implementation of the project difficult unless such conditions as crude oil price and product sales price would be improved largely. Effect of the carbon dioxide gas reduction as a result of the implementation would be 180,000 tons annually, but in terms of cost effect, the implementation requires an investment of 500 Dollars per ton of carbon dioxide, thus the effect is low. Reduction in other greenhouse effect gas is not large quantitatively. (NEDO)

  14. Fiscal 1999 research and verification of geothermal energy exploring technologies and the like. Development of reservoir mass and heat flow characterization (Development of reservoir change prediction technology - Summary); 1999 nendo chinetsu tansa gijutsu nado kensho chosa hokokusho (yoyaku). Choryuso hendo tansaho kaihatsu (choryuso hendo yosoku gijutsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    Efforts are exerted to develop technologies for accurately predicting reservoir expansion or other changes through a comprehensive analysis of the fracture hydrology method, gravity monitoring method, electrical and magnetic monitoring method, seismic monitoring method, and their associated technologies. The endeavors cover the development of a post processor system which involves gravity, self-potential, geochemistry, resistivity, etc., and is related to a reservoir simulator, and the development of a reservoir modelling technology. For the development of a post processor system, efforts continue (1) to develop a processor to deal with gravity, self-potential, resistivity, and geochemistry, (2) to carry out basic studies of changes in seismic propagation characteristics, (3) to develop databases, and (4) to develop a simulator interface. Under item (1), development involving gravity, self-potential, and geochemistry is complete, and now manuals are being prepared. A prototype design is complete for resistivity. For the development of a reservoir modelling technology, modelling is under way for the Onikobe and Sumikawa districts. Existing data are taken care of, and productivity predicting simulation is carried out. (NEDO)

  15. Report on achievements in fiscal 1999. Development of technology to utilize biological resources such as composite organism systems (development of technology to utilize and produce composite organism systems); 1999 nendo fukugo seibutsukei nado seibutsu shigen riyo gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Fukugo seibutsukei riyo seisan gijutsu no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    It is intended to achieve the following objectives in terms of the technologies to utilize such functions as material production and material decomposition by using composite organism systems: develop a technology to handle the composite organism systems; establish a composite microorganism cultivation control technology, and a composite microorganism system function strengthening technology; develop a technology to separate and cultivate organism groups constituting them, and develop industrial utilization technologies. The fiscal 1999 has discussed developing the elementary technologies for the technology to utilize functions of the composite organism systems on the following research items: 1. a functional material production technology; and 2. comprehensive investigations and researches. In Item 1, development was made on a technology to detect, separate and cultivate microorganisms in soil as the histochemical analytical technology. Development was made on an in situ detection, separation and function analyzing technology for particular composite microorganisms as the function analyzing technology. In the separation and cultivation technology, development was made on a technology to detect, separate and cultivate difficult-to-cultivate microorganisms. In the functional material production technology, development was made on a technology to utilize microbial consortia producing environmentally harmonizing oil-water separating polymers, and a method to execute artificially the gene exchange in the microbial consortia. (NEDO)

  16. FY 1998 report on the results of the development of utilization technology of biological resources such as bioconsortia. Development of the bioconsortia system utilization/production technology; 1998 nendo fukugo seibutsukei nado seibutsu shigen riyo gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Fukugo seibutsukei riyo seisan gijutsu no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    For the purpose of developing the industrial utilization technology, analysis was made of functions and interactions of the specified functional biological groups, and at the same time the developmental study was made of the technology to isolate/culture the constitutive biological groups. The FY 1998 results were summed up. As to the technology to detect microorganisms in soil, the SFDA method was improved and the new dyeing method was developed. And, there almost was hope for the development. Concerning the functional analysis technology, the functional substances peculiarly manifested only in the complex system in the ocean environment are searched. Several kinds of compounds were found out, and at the same time the test to confirm the biological activity is under way. Relating to the isolation/culture technology, study was made on rotten fruit, and the existence in the sample of the microorganisms which are difficult in isolation/culture was newly confirmed. In regard to the culture of the microorganisms which are difficult in isolation/culture, availability of the replica method was found out. As to the technology to produce functional substances, studies were made on the following: utilization technology of the environmental harmony type oil/water separation polymer producing microbial consortia, method to artificially make gene exchanges in the microbial consortia, etc. (NEDO)

  17. Fiscal 2000 cooperative basic project for investigation of efficiency in international energy consumption. Project for inviting researchers from developing countries (Indonesia, Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam); 2000 nendo kokusai energy shohi koritsuka chosa nado kyoryoku kiso jigyo hokokusho. Hatten tojokoku kenkyusha shohei jigyo (Indonesia, Philippines, Tai, Vietnam)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    As a part of international cooperation concerning global environmental issues, ICETT (International Center for Environmental Technology Transfer) invited administrative officers, engineers, etc., of developing countries, for the purpose of encouraging experts connected with energy conservation and environmental protection technologies, providing training on the administrative technique, antipollution technologies, energy conservation technologies, etc. The training period was from December 3 to 21, 2000, with 12 participants attended, three each from four countries, Indonesia, Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam. The contents of the technological instruction were such that cases in Japan concerning energy conservation and environmental protection were introduced generally from the administrative measures to the technological countermeasures, as were done conventionally. In the area of the environmental protection, lectures and tours on wastewater treatment were added as industrial wastewater control measures. In the subject of new energy, micro hydraulic power was added which is in progress for example in Indonesia under an aid from Japan. In the energy conservation technology, a supplementary lecture was given on the concept and methodology of an environment-protective type production technology, with emphasis placed on the energy conservation and environmental protection in manufacturing plants and production processes. (NEDO)

  18. Basic investigation on promotion of joint implementation in fiscal 2000. Energy saving program for the Sao Paulo State Primary Schools in the Federative Republic of Brazil; 2000 nendo kyodo jisshi nado suishin kiso chosa hokokusho. Brazil Renpo Kyowakoku Sao Paulo shuritsu shoto gakko no sho energy keikaku

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    With an objective of saving energy and reducing greenhouse gas emission, discussions have been given on improvement measures for lighting equipment in the Sao Paulo State Primary Schools in the Federative Republic of Brazil. Measures for the energy saving are composed of modification to high-efficiency lighting equipment using electronic ballasts, high-efficiency fluorescent lamps, and reflectors, and introduction of control systems using lighting control sensors. In the survey, taking up 3,000 schools as the objects of implementation, a project scheme was established that the energy saving measures will be introduced, and the investment cost will be recovered by concluding the ESCO service for five years, after which the school side enjoys the profit for five years. As a result of the discussions, the total project cost will amount to 2.82 billion yen, with which the energy saving quantity would be 7,636 tons annually as converted to crude oil, or 114,540 tons during a period of 15 years as the achievement of the project as a whole. Greenhouse gas emission would be reduced by 7,397 t-CO2 on an annual average, or 110,949 t-CO2 in the project as a whole. Discussions on the profitability revealed that the internal profit rate can be calculated as 15.73%, indicating that the profitability can be envisaged. (NEDO)

  19. Development of hot water utilizing power plant in fiscal 1998. Development of a binary cycle power generation plant (development of a 10-MW class plant); 1998 nendo nessui riyo hatsuden plant nado kaihatsu. Binary cycle hatsuden plant no kaihatsu (10MW kyu plant no kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    This paper summarizes the achievements in fiscal 1998 on developing a 10-MW geothermal power plant in the Hohi-Sugawara area being a representative area of middle-to-high temperature hot water resources. In designing the plant, domestic and overseas surveys were carried out on media suitable for binary cycle power plants, thermal cycle characteristics, construction cost, environmental effects, safety, operation, maintenance and control. Latest technologies were also surveyed and analyzed. The plant construction performed development construction around the testing devices, new construction of a plant control room building, constructions for installing electrical machines including the hot water system testing devices, river water intake facility construction, and cooling water intake facility installing construction. The environmental effect investigation included investigations on rain falls, river flow rates, hot springs, spring water, monitoring during the construction, and the state of transplantation of precious plants, and observation on groundwater variation. In verifying the geothermal water pumping system, factory tests were carried out on DHP3 demonstration machine which couples the pump section of a down-hole pump with the motor section, whose performance and functions were verified. (NEDO)

  20. Fiscal 1999 research and verification of geothermal energy exploring technologies and the like. Development of reservoir mass and heat flow characterization (Development of fracture hydrological properties characterization technology - Summary); 1999 nendo chinetsu tansa gijutsu nado kensho chosa hokokusho (yoyaku). Choryuso hendo tansaho kaihatsu (danretsu suiri tansaho kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    Efforts are under way to develop reservoir change evaluation technologies to be effective in evaluating reservoirs at their initial stage of development, in stabilizing the output of power stations after their commencement of service operation, and in probing into reservoirs in already-developed areas. One of them concerns the characterization of the hydrological properties of fractures. The development efforts involve (1) a pressure transient test method (measurement of the response of reservoirs to changes in borehole internal pressure), (2) a tiltmeter observation method (ground surface deformation measurement), and (3) a 2-phase flow metering method (metering of spurting fluids). Under item (1), a computer-aided borehole hydrology test system is built and field-tested to isolate problems. Also, a pressure transient test system is built by way of trial by use of which compressor-aided control is performed over air pressure in the borehole. Under item (2), it is made clear that changes, several MPa in scale, in the pressure in a borehole is detected by simulation and that a sufficiently capable system is realized using a tiltmeter available on the market. Under item (3), a device is fabricated which is a combination of a laser flowmeter and a void fraction meter, and a field test is conducted to assess its feasibility and to identify problems. (NEDO)

  1. FY 1999 report on the results of the development of recycling technology of waste architectural materials, glass, etc. Development of the simple glass coloring/decoloring technology; 1999 nendo kenchiku haizai glass nado recycle gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Kan'igata glass chakudasshoku gijutsu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    For the purpose of increasing the ratio of recycling of waste architectural materials, glass, etc., the development was proceeded with of easy coloring of colorless glass by light irradiation and decoloring of it by heat treatment. The important point for technical development is to develop glass materials which are colored by light and decolored by heat at a level of technique with practicality and to develop coloring/decoloring device. Studies were made in the following three fields: 1) optimization of coloring/decoloring conditions for coloring/decoloring occurring from defects (color centers) under light irradiation; 2) optimization of coloring/decoloring conditions occurring from colorless ions and particulate formation under light irradiation; 3) development of a visible drawing device. In 1), bottle, sheet glass, and soda-lime silicate glass are colored brown by X-ray/UV radiation, but the coloring is bad in stability. However, it was found that the addition of silver oxide improved stability. In 2), it was recognized that when the glass containing a trace of Mn was melted in the reducing atmosphere, it became colorless, and when radiated by X-ray and heat-treated at approximately 200 degrees C, it was colored bluish violet which was vivid and stable. (NEDO)

  2. Achievement report in fiscal 2000 on technical development to recycle waste building materials and glasses. Development of waste building material recycling technology (Research and development of wooden board manufacturing technology using demolished building lumbers); 2000 nendo kenchiku glass nado recycle gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Kenhciku haizai recycle gijutsu kaihatsu (kenchiku kaitai mokuzai wo mochiita mokushitsu board seizo gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Research and development has been made on a wooden board manufacturing technology re-utilizing demolished building lumbers and waste plastics with an intention of saving resources and reducing wastes. This paper summarizes the achievements in fiscal 2000. In developing the technology to re-use demolished building lumbers, a method for removing metals attached to demolished building lumbers was established by using a magnetic separator and a metal detector, with which it was verified that iron can be removed nearly 100%. With regard to waste plastics, simultaneous use of specific gravity separation utilizing centrifugal force and electrostatic separation provided a prospect that metals and plastics of high melting points can be removed from mixed resins in waste household electric appliances, and that polypropylene (PP), polystyrene (PS), and ABS can be classified at high accuracy. In manufacturing waste wood and waste plastic boards, pilot plants were built to use the 'melt spray method', 'melt blow method', and 'laminating method' as the means to spray molten resin onto wood raw materials, wherein trials were performed on mixing molten resins with wood flakes, and on board forming. (NEDO)

  3. Fiscal 2000 project on measures for assisting and diffusing environmentally-friendly coal utilization system introduction. CMG recovery/utilization system joint demonstration project; 2000 nendo kankyo chowagata sekitan riyo system donyu shien nado fukyu taisaku jigyo chosa hokoku. CMG kaishu riyo system kyodo jissho jigyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    A CMG (coal mine gas) recovery/utilization system was designed, constructed, and then demonstrated at a model coal mining district in Liaoning Province for the purpose of contributing to the solution of energy and environment related problems in China. The recovery system demonstration test, aiming to improve on safety and productivity of coal mining and to supply recovered gas with stability, involved gas drainage test boring, mine sealing, sealed gas induction control, centralized gas monitoring, etc., which were carried out at the coal mine working face. A utilization system demonstration test was conducted, and CMG would continue to be supplied to the current users and CMG utilization would be started at the other 6 coal mines. For the supply of CMG to large-scale gas consuming areas, steel materials were manufactured and processed for spherical gas holders and denitrification facilities, gas holders were constructed, pipe lines were installed, and a provisional gas supply was carried out. For the transfer and diffusion of the technology, Chinese engineers were trained in Japan and Japanese engineers were dispatched to China. (NEDO)

  4. Report on a survey in fiscal 1999. Survey on trends in developing innovative technologies related to reducing CO2 emission in departments consuming great quantity of energy, such as petrochemical industry; 1999 nendo sekiyu kagaku kogyo nado energy tashohi bumon ni okeru CO{sub 2} sakugen ni kansuru kakushinteki gijutsu kaihatsu doko chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    A survey was performed on the state of developing energy saving and CO2 emission reducing technologies in the following fields: (1) distillation technologies, (2) combustion technologies, (3) heat transfer and conduction technologies, and (4) technologies to convert and fix generated CO2. While the technologies in the field (1) are of the matured domain, technologies providing 20 to 60% energy saving effect have been developed. In the field (2), gas turbine combustion can achieve an overall plant thermal efficiency of 50% or more, whereas a trial calculation indicates that CO2 emission can be reduced by 22%. Catalytic combustion is noticed as a measure to make low NOx emission possible. A composite type catalytic combustor for gas turbines demonstrated that NOx emission of less than 5 ppm can be achieved. In the field (3), energy saving effect higher by 52% than in the warm wind room heating system has been obtained. Development has been made on heat storing materials that have phase change temperature of higher than 80 degrees C and large latent heat storage quantity. In the field (4), researches are advanced in a TiO{sub 2} catalyst that uses sunlight. A catalyst that is methanated at high speed with CO2 conversion rate at nearly 100% has been developed. In methanol synthesis, a catalyst that has high selectivity even at low temperatures has been developed. (NEDO)

  5. FY 1999 Report on the technical results. Research and development project for quick-effect type international standards for creating new industries (Standardization of quality and testing methods of automobile fuels and lubricants); 1999 nendo sokkogata kokusai hyojun sosei kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo seika hokokusho. Jidoshayo nenryo nado no seihin hinshitsu shiken hoho no hyojunka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    The research and development project is conducted for the method of evaluating the effects of fuel oils on automobile engines (combustion chamber deposit), testing of valve trains of diesel engines, and testing the effects of gasoline engine oil on oil seal rubber (oil seal compatibility), with the objective to propose the international standards. In the study of the combustion chamber deposit, the combustion chamber deposit method is applied to the road running mode, to clarify that this method is well correlated with the market conditions. In the study of wear of the valve train of diesel engines, the two diesel engine oils, now adopted by the European valve train wear testing method, are applied to the JASO testing method, to clarify that the JASO method is internationally applicable. It is concluded that these two methods can contribute to the international standardization. In the study of the oil seal compatibility, the effects of testing period and engine oil type are investigated, to clarify that this method should be further developed to serve as the international standard. (NEDO)

  6. Report on surveys in fiscal 1999 on technological trends in overseas countries in research and development of the technology to create biological bonding substances utilizing particulates under the industrial and scientific technology research and development theme (university collaborated type); 1999 nendo biryushi riyogata seitai ketsugo busshitsu nado sosei gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu kaigai gijutsu doko chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    This paper describes the surveys in fiscal 1999 on technological trends in overseas countries in research and development of the technology to create biological bonding substances utilizing particulates. Attendance was made at the U.S. Biochemistry and Molecular Biology '99 to survey signal transmission in cells, new molecules related to gene transcription control, and the mechanisms thereof. A visit was made to the U.S.A. to collect the chromatin research information. In order to analyze efficiently specific biological receptors relative chemical substances, and structure an activity evaluation system, attendance was made at a society meeting in Britain to incorporate the high throughput screening technology. Attendance was made at a publication meeting in the U.S.A. to understand the current status of the DNA micro-array process. Visits were made to American business entities and societies to survey information that contributes to efficient separation and analysis of biological receptors. American business entities and universities were visited to survey the cDNA manifestation library system, technological trends, and researches on intra-living organism systems by using molecular biology. Visits were made to research institutes and societies in the U.S.A. to survey the method for carrying ligands onto latex beads, combinatorial chemistry, and solid phase synthesis. (NEDO)

  7. FY 1998 report on the project for development of hot water utilizing power generating plants and others, supported by New Sunshine Project. Development of extraction technologies and development of production technologies for the deep-seated geothermal resources; 1998 nendo nessui riyo hatsuden plant nado kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Shinbu chinetsu shigen saishu gijutsu no kaihatsu / shinbu chinetsu shigen seisan gijutsu no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Described herein are the FY 1998 results of the activities for development of extraction and production technologies for the deep-seated geothermal resources, which are expected to contribute to increased geothermal power generation capacity. The program for the PTSD logging technology connects the S probe to PT probe, to simultaneously measure temperature, pressure and volumetric flow, producing the data of good quality even in a high temperature environment over 327 degrees C. Thus, possibility of the commercial system is confirmed. The D probe also produces a density calibration curve showing very good linearity, and operates normally in a high temperature environment of 406 degrees C. The program for the PTC monitoring technology conducts the field tests at Larderello, Italy, to confirm the sampler functions in a high temperature environment. The program for the tracer monitoring technology extracts promising tracers stable at high temperature from those for the liquid, vapor and liquid/vapor mixed phases. Silica is observed to be massively dissolved at 400 to 1,000mg/kg in the fluid under deep geothermal conditions. Scale precipitation rate is minimal for the first 21 days, but increases linearly with time thereafter. The experiments are also conducted for formation and prevention of the Fe-Si-based scales during the flushing period. (NEDO)

  8. Report on New Sunshine Program-supported undertakings for fiscal 1995. Development of hot water power plant and deep-seated geothermal resources sampling/exploiting technologies; 1995 nendo New Sunshine keikaku hojo jigyo seika hokokusho. Nessui riyo hatsuden plant nado kaihatsu (shinbu chinetsu shigen saishu gijutsu no kaihatsu, shinbu chinetsu shigen seisan gijutsu no kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    Reported are the results of researches conducted in fiscal 1995. For the formulation of a general development design, data are collected about domestic high-temperature thermal wells through questionnaires and literature probing, and are scrutinized. As for the development of logging technology, a memory type PT (Pressure, Temperature) logger is experimentally constructed, and is found to properly operate in an environment of up to 350degC in a production well. An experimentally manufactured S-probe proves to be capable of heat insulation and sealing. In the field of PT monitoring, a high-temperature optical fiber is experimentally fabricated for study, capable of measuring temperatures up to 400degC. As for the development of high-temperature tracer monitoring technology, basic experiments are conducted about the thermal characteristics of aromatic acids, and preparatory experiments about gas phase tracers. In the study of scale monitoring technology, deep-seated fluids are collected and analyzed. In the field of production control, technical problems are discussed and information is gathered centering on methods for scale prevention and removal. 31 refs., 90 figs., 40 tabs.

  9. FY 1998 research result report. Ultra-high liquid crystal technology development for energy use rationalization (Technology of design/control/analysis of new functional electronic materials of the ultra-high electronic technology development promotion project); 1998 nendo kenkyu seika hokokusho. Energy shiyo gorika chosentan ekisho gijutsu kaihatsu (chosentan denshi gijutsu kaihatsu sokushin jigyo shinkino denshi zairyo sekkei seigyo bunseki nado gijutsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-05-01

    Element technology is studied to realize a reflective-type, full-color, and high-resolution liquid crystal display for super-low power consumption data display. As to the functional compound microstructure formation technology, a 4-inch panel was trially fabricated using two-layer guest-host liquid crystal technology to achieve the desired display performance by control of molecular orientation. Further, holographic PDLC elements were favorably test-fabricated. A ferroelectric PZT thin layer was formed by forming layer at low temperature at which a glass substrate can be used. Optical interference/optical dispersion type optical control materials were studied by liquid crystal/polymer composition. Also studied were super-pure/super-reliable liquid crystal compound/liquid crystal composite systems and super-anisotropic liquid crystal compound by modeling ionic impurities and liquid crystal molecular interaction. In relation to the control technology of optical reflection characteristics, effects of liquid crystal molecular structures (derivative effect and copolymer composition) on orientation were elucidated. As to the technology to form multi-dimensional anisotropic structures, efforts were made for the heightening of formation technology of simple RGB (red, green, blue) directional reflection layers using acrylate materials. The paper also outlined the comprehensive survey. (NEDO)

  10. FY 1998 report on the development of technology for reservoir mass and heat flow characterization. Theme 5-2. Monitoring and modeling of reservoir mass and heat flows (Integrated reservoir modeling and simulation techniques/Modeling support technique); 1998 nendo chinetsu tansa gijutsu nado kensho chosa choryuso hendo tansaho kaihatsu hokokusho (yoyaku). 5-2. Choryuso hendo yosoku gijutsu (modeling shien gijutsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    This R and D are aimed at establishing technology to support the reservoir modeling work required for predicting the reservoir variation from the geological/geochemical side. The contents of the development are (1) establishment of the practical measuring system for core fracture system, and (2) establishment of new modeling support technology. In (1), as the core fraction system measuring system, the measurement of fluid inclusion homogenization temperature and melting point and laser Raman spectroscopy were applied to the Wasabizawa area to obtain the results. In (2), the R and D were conducted of a rapid age measuring method for altered rock/unaltered rock and an analytical method for fluid flow using trace chemical components of hydrothermal minerals. In the former, 3-D thermoluminescent intensity of the age-known quartz was measured. The TL age of weak altered rock of Kijiyama dacite in the Wasabizawa area was 320Ka, almost the same result as 320Ka already reported. In the latter, trace components of quartz were measured at each well, and changes in the depth direction were made clear. It was made clear that the variation of Na/K ratio is large around the lost circulation stratum. The geothermal fluid flow was made clear by the analysis of similarity of the intensity ratio. (NEDO)

  11. Fiscal 1999 research and verification of geothermal energy exploring technologies and the like. Development of reservoir change prediction technology (Development of modelling support technology); 1999 nendo chinetsu tansa gijutsu nado kensho chosa hokokusho (yoyaku). Choryuso hendo tansaho kaihatsu (choryuso hendo yosoku gijutsu (modeling shien gijutsu))

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    The aim is to develop and popularize techniques relating to geological information such as thermal history. The efforts center about the application of a now-available core fracture measuring system to developed geothermal fields and about the development of new technologies. The measuring system is applied to some core cuttings collected from five boreholes in the Akinomiya district, Akita Prefecture, and the system is used for (1) the evaluation of homogenization temperatures of inclusions in the fluid, (2) the measurement of the points of melting from ice of inclusions in the fluid, and (3) the implementation of laser Raman spectroscopy. Under item (1), it is found that the minimum homogenization temperature of quartz phenocryst in the mother rock or of low-salinity fluid inclusion in a quartz vein is near the current subsurface temperature and that subsurface and reservoir temperatures may be known by evaluating their homogenization temperature. Under item (2), it is found that the NaCl equivalent salinity is distributed in the range of 0.0 to 25wt% and that, in this connection, there is difference between a fluid in a fluid flow and a fluid spurting as thermal water in the Akinomiya district. Under item (3), CO2, N{sub 2}, and CH{sub 4} are detected in most of the boreholes. Efforts are exerted to develop a hydrothermal fluid analyzing technique using a rapid rock dating method and traces of chemical ingredients in hydrothermal minerals. (NEDO)

  12. Fiscal 1997 report of the verification research on geothermal prospecting technology. Theme 5-2. Development of a reservoir change prospecting method (reservoir change prediction technique (modeling support technique)); 1997 nendo chinetsu tansa gijutsu nado kensho chosa. 5-2. Choryuso hendo tansaho kaihatsu (choryuso hendo yosoku gijutsu (modeling shien gijutsu)) hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    To evaluate geothermal reservoirs in the initial stage of development, to keep stable output in service operation, and to develop a technology effective for extraction from peripheral reservoirs, study was made on a reservoir variation prediction technique, in particular, a modeling support technique. This paper describes the result in fiscal 1997. Underground temperature estimation technique using homogenization temperatures of fluid inclusions among core fault system measurement systems was applied to Wasabizawa field. The effect of stretching is important to estimate reservoir temperatures, and use of a minimum homogenization temperature of fluid inclusions in quartz was suitable. Even in the case of no quartz in hydrothermal veins, measured data of quartz (secondary fluid inclusion) in parent rocks adjacent to hydrothermal veins well agreed with measured temperature data. The developmental possibility of a new modeling support technique was confirmed enough through collection of documents and information. Based on the result, measurement equipment suitable for R and D was selected, and a measurement system was established through preliminary experiments. 39 refs., 35 figs., 6 tabs.

  13. Fiscal 1999 technical achievement report. Research and development project on the quickly effective international standards creation (Standardization of safety of light emitting diode or the like); 1999 nendo sokkogata kokusai hyojun sosei kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo seika hokokusho. Hakko diode nado no anzensei ni kansuru hyojunka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    Since radiation of a laser diode (LD) is quite different from that of a light emitting diode (LED), evaluating their safety under one and the same standard (criterion) is questionable. The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC), however, treats them in the same way. For the remedy of such contradiction and for the clarification of difference between the two devices in terms of radiation characteristics, they were quantitatively measured for spatial coherence and further measured for coherence dependency of their beam diameters. Well-supported threshold levels were prepared and biological tests were conducted for proposing a revision of the LED safety standard (IEC). As for the safety of equipment with built-in infrared devices, a measurement method was prepared as IEC61913 and devices are already at the CVD (chemical vapor deposition) stage. The result will be placed before the IEC/TC76 committee for deliberation of IEC60825-1 revision. Furthermore, to establish alignment between IEC and ISO (International Standardization Organization) in terms of laser-aided measurement which is the foundation for such committee deliberation, an ISO/IEC international joint group was created, and a technical recommendation was compiled and presented to the two standardizing organizations. (NEDO)

  14. Fiscal 1994 research report. Demonstration test for establishing technology for peakload shaving with dispersed small residential PV systems (Evaluation of weatherability of house-use solar light electric power generating system equipment); 1994 nendo jutakuyo taiyoko hatsuden fuka heijunka gijutsu nado kakuritsu jissho shiken ni kansuru kaiseki hyoka no uchi jutakuyo taiyoko hatsuden system kiki no taikosei hyoka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-03-01

    Weatherability tests such as exposure to the atmosphere are conducted to collect and accumulate information on the degradation of house-use photovoltaic equipment expected to come into use in areas where weather conditions are hostile. Based on the thus collected data, analysis and evaluation are conducted about the mechanisms of corrosion and degradation for the establishment of designing and evaluating methods for maintaining weatherability. Since fiscal 1994 is the first year of the project, preparations are made for tests to be conducted. In carrying out research activities, a Weatherability Evaluation Committee for House-Use Solar Light Electric Power Generating System Equipment is organized, who discuss implementation of the project. Discussion is made on the shape and structural materials of the exposure rack. An aluminum alloy coated with a clear coating of alumite sulfate is selected, and a rack is built. Specifications of a sea salt particle collector are discussed, and preparations are made for arresting and quantifying sea salt particles under the Japanese Industrial Standard (JIS) dry gauze method and the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) wet candle method. Solar cell module initial characteristics are measured. (NEDO)

  15. FY 1998 report on the results of the development of the utilization technology of biological resources such as bioconsortia. Development of the consortium based analysis technology; 1998 nendo fukugo seibutsukei nado seibutsu shigen riyo gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Fukugo seibutsukei kaiseki gijutsu no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    For the purpose of establishing the analysis technology and industrial utilization technology required for the establishment of the utilization technology of consortia's high functions which are already used in the fermentation technology field over the limit of the conventional bio-technology using functions of single biological species, study was made to look for the consortium based analysis technology by which the consortium base can be analyzed as it is using the molecular biological method. Studies were made in the following four fields: 1) new identification technology of eucaryote using II DNA topoisomerase genes (PCR amplification method of II DNA topoisomerase genes); 2) method to detect new recognition peptide activated microorganism (adjustment of cortical antigen); 3) technology to elucidate detection/response mechanism of the specific environment and adaptation/resistance mechanism of the specific environment; 4) incubation method inside 3D matrices. In 3), studies were made of the analysis of inhibition mechanism of korormicin and separation of solvent-resistant oil degradable bacteria. In 4), for the settlement and dynamic analysis of microorganism consortium by studying incubation conditions, conducted was the molecular system analysis of bacteria and eumycetes inhabiting in sponge. (NEDO)

  16. FY 2000 report on the survey of new energy policies by developing countries. Survey of collection/analysis of information on effective energy utilization, etc.; 2000 nendo tojokoku no shin energy seisaku ni kakawaru chosa hokokusho. Energy yuko riyo nado joho shushu bunseki chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    For the purpose of effectively introducing technologies for new energy/energy conservation in developing countries, the paper arranged the policies, systems and organizations in relation to new energy in developing countries. Survey was made of the following two fields: 1) new energy in developing countries; 2) situation of new energy introduction in developing countries (India, Indonesia, Thailand, Malaysia, the Philippines and China). In 2), about India, for example, survey was made on the following: outline of the new energy policy, regulation for new energy promotion and law specifying concrete measures, departments in charge/promotion organizations for new energy, system and setup for new energy promotion, numerical target of new energy introduction, support from developed countries including the E.U. and the U.S. and the effects, support from international organizations including the World Bank and UNDP and the effects, the country's main industries related to new energy, the government's policy for the domestic production, outline of the use of India's biomass project, etc. (NEDO)

  17. FY 1998 report on the verification survey of geothermal survey technology, etc./Development of the reservoir fluctuation survey method (Summary). Theme 1. Development of the fracture hydraulic survey method; 1998 nendo chinetsu tansa gijutsu nado kensho chosa choryuso hendo tansaho kaihatsu hokokusho (Yoyaku). 1. Danretsu suiri tansaho kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    The paper reported the results of the development of the fracture hydraulic method. As to the geothermal well hydraulic test method, the following were studied. Relating to the pressure transient test method, the detailed design of a system was conducted on a prototype hydraulic test system through the manufacture of element parts and feed back control mechanism and experiments to evaluate performance/operation characteristics of fields. Concerning the tiltmeter use measurement method, the field experiment by tiltmeter measurement was carried out in the Hijiori area where existing data and the wells used exist. With respect to the two-phase flow rate measuring method, by a combination of the existing vortex flow meter, vapor quality meter and tracer method, conducted were a field experiment on comparison/calibration of the existing flow meter and tracer method and a numerical simulation of change in vapor liquid in association with temperature/pressure changes in two-phase flow pipe, and the semi-quantitative calibration method was studied. About the water permeable logging method, study was made on the following items. In regard to the hydrophone VSP method, data analysis of the method was conducted. As to the development of individual feed zone flow meter measuring device, the evaluation was conducted of accuracy of Doppler shift rates for flow rate, pressure, flow velocity, well diameter and change in concentration and characteristics of acoustic unit. As a result, the flow rate was unable to be detected with satisfactory accuracy. (NEDO)

  18. FY 1999 survey report on the survey on the role and course of the development of technology such as CO2 recovery, fixation and effective use in the industrial policy; 1999 nendo CO{sub 2} kaishu koteika yuko riyo nado gijutsu kaihatsu no sangyo seisakujo no ichizuke oyobi hokosei ni kansuru chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    This paper aims at arranging and assessing the role of themes of the technology development such as CO2 recovery, fixation and effective use in the industrial policy and the results of the development. It also aims at analyzing factors to hinder technology development in comparison with the developmental trend of technology and the role in the industrial policy in foreign countries and at considering the future role in the industrial policy and the course to be taken. Judging from the number of projects and a variety of fields of technology, it could be said that the development of the related technology in Japan is at a top level the same as that in the U.S. In the present conditions, however, most of the technologies are at the stage of the basic research. In many of the research fields except a part like EOR, it is difficult to promote the research only by economical principles, and the government as core needs to promote it. As viewed from an international point, the development/commercialization of technology such as CO2 recovery, fixation and effective use are extremely important from an aspect of not only the heightening of competitiveness in the domestic industry, but Japan's international contribution in the 21st century. (NEDO)

  19. Basic survey project of advanced efficiency of energy consumption in developing countries. Engineer invitation project from developing countries such as Vietnam, Philippines, China and Thailand; Hatten tojokoku energy shohi koritsuka kiso chosa nado jigyo. Hatten tojokoku gijutsusha shohei jigyo (Betonamu, Philippine, Chugoku, Tai)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    For contributing to the promotion of energy saving and environmental conservation, eighteen officers and engineers were invited to Japan during the period between January 14th and 23rd in 1997, from Vietnam, Philippines, China and Thailand. This report summarizes the invitation project for training conducted under a theme `Energy saving and environmental conservation.` Lectures were given concerning activities of global environmental conservation by NEDO, history and measures of overcoming the Yokkaichi pollution, outline of new energy, outline of energy saving, outline of basic environment law, outline of final industrial waste treatment facilities, and global environmental issues. Site training was conducted at Hekinan Thermal Power Station of Chubu Electric Power Co., Inc., Fujiwara Works of Onoda-Chichibu Cement Co., Ltd., and Yokkaichi Works of Kyowa Petroleum and Chemistry Co., Ltd. Questions and answers were exchanged. The new energy and energy saving were impressive, and were new concept for the trainees. This project was considered to be continued. The inspection of works was also well received, which was considered to be continued

  20. Survey report for fiscal 1999 on advanced exploitation of coal overseas. Survey of coal exploitation enhancement overseas (Coal industry's measures for persistent low coal price); 1999 nendo kaigaitan kaihatsu kodoka nado chosa. Kaigaitan kaihatsu sokushin chosa (sekitan kakaku teimeika ni okeru sekitan sangyo no taiosaku)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    Surveys were conducted of the trends of coal companies in the U.S. and Australia and of the lookout for new coal field development in Australia for the purpose of contributing to the stable supply of coal in the future. In the U.S., the coal industry has experienced serious changes in these ten years, and various corporations, such as Peabody, Arch Coal, CONSOL, and Kennecott have come to resort to drastic measures for their survival. In Australia, coal price is lower and contract terms are shorter with less demand for coal supply thanks to the economic crisis in Asia. As for demand for coal in Asia, on the other hand, it is deemed that in 2010 there will be a 41% increase over the 1995 level and that, therefore, coal field preservation and new field exploitation are necessary. Since production by strip mining in New South Wales State is to decrease in 2012 and after, it is expected that new projects will start only after 2012. Comprehensive development projects are going to be launched in the areas surrounding the Surat district, Queensland State, and therefore new projects will be easier to start in this region. Since the Surat coal is to be collected after a little stripping, it is expected that it will be able to compete with the Indonesian coal. (NEDO)