WorldWideScience

Sample records for sasakawa peace foundation

  1. Finding a Reasonable Foundation for Peace

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberta Bayer

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Can world peace come about through a world federation of governments? Is growing agreement and appreciation for, throughout the world, the doctrine of equal human rights inevitable? Such questions are raised by Mortimer Adler in How to Think about War and Peace. Adler argues in this book that both are possible, and in doing so he argues that the insights of liberal contract thinkers, particularly Immanuel Kant, are essentially true. Kant argues that each person has the capacity to discover within himself the foundation for human rights because they are self-evident. It follows that over time inequalities and prejudices will disappear, and people will gain the freedom to advance the cause of peace. About this account of the possibility of world peace I ask the question: is it indeed reasonable? For if it is reasonable, it is not reasonable for the reasons that would have been advanced by Aristotle or Plato or their medieval followers. In older political philosophy it is agreement about the unchanging truth of things that can bring peace. To seek the unchanging truth of things, philosophical speculation about God and things divine, is the highest human activity. It is that end to which life in this world is directed, and upon which human flourishing depends. Freedom depends upon our openness to unchanging eternal truth, even more than self-evident rights; the exercise of speculative reasoning allows for political discourse and an open society.

  2. Respect for Human Rights: a Fundamental Foundation for a World of Peace, Security and Harmony

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈淳安

    2007-01-01

    @@ Peace, security, harmonious development and human rights are closely related. Firstly,peace and security are premise and precondition for the insurance of human rights. It is obvious that when human beings continue to be threatening by wars, conflicts and chaos, their right to life is faint and insecure, and other human rights would not be fully respected or protected. On the other hand, peace and security are foundation for everyone to pursue his or her own objectives. In other words, in a society where peace and security are maitained, people will have opportunity to enjoy their human rights and to affirm their own ego.

  3. Columbia: The Economic Foundation of Peace. Chapters 21-28.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giugale, Marcelo M., Ed.; Lafourcade, Olivier, Ed.; Luff, Connie, Ed.

    This document contains 8 chapters of a 35-chapter book that presents a comprehensive diagnosis of current economic, social, and educational conditions in Colombia and their importance to development prospects and the quest for peace. The eight chapters covered here are part of a section titled "Sharing the Fruits of Growth with All…

  4. Social Justice and the Philosophical Foundations of Critical Peace Education: Exploring Nussbaum, Sen, and Freire

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snauwaert, Dale

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to philosophically explore a "realization-focused" capabilities theory of social justice, as articulated by AmartyaSen and Martha Nussbaum, as foundational to a theory of critical peace education. Paulo Freire's philosophy of critical pedagogy has had and continues to have a profound influence on the theory and…

  5. Social Justice and the Philosophical Foundations of Critical Peace Education: Exploring Nussbaum, Sen, and Freire

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snauwaert, Dale

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to philosophically explore a "realization-focused" capabilities theory of social justice, as articulated by AmartyaSen and Martha Nussbaum, as foundational to a theory of critical peace education. Paulo Freire's philosophy of critical pedagogy has had and continues to have a profound influence on the theory and…

  6. China’s Peaceful Development Road: Cultural Foundation, Strategic Orientation and Practical Significance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiao Xi

    2015-01-01

    Unswervingly pursuing the peaceful development road is the strategic choice made by the Government and people of China based on a development trend of the times and the national fundamental interests. As the traditional cultural origin of China’s peaceful development road, "harmony" is one constant principle permeated through China’s culture, and is true life for China humanistic spirit. "valuable harmony", "harmony without blind following", "harmony between heaven and man" are three important aspects of "harmony"-- thinking ideological connotation of China’s culture. The practice has proved that as the national long-term development strategy, the peaceful development road is the development road adapted to China’s conditions and era features, and has made outstanding contributions to peace and development of China and the world at large.

  7. Peace Education and Childhood

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lombardo, Lucien X.; Polonko, Karen A.

    2015-01-01

    Peace studies and peace education are multifaceted processes focusing on diverse audiences from children in elementary grades to those involved in political negotiations at the highest levels. This paper addresses the foundational importance of including conflict embedded in adult-child relationships in peace education. It conceptually grounds…

  8. Handbook on Peace Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wulf, Christoph, Ed.

    The intention of this handbook is to report on the present situation in the international discussion on peace education and to make further development of this field possible in the peace movement. The first of the three sections contains papers which are contributions on preconditions for and the foundations of peace education, along with…

  9. Foundations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harteveld, Casper

    A building will more likely collapse if it does not have any proper foundations. Similarly, the design philosophy of Triadic Game Design (TGD) needs to reside on solid building blocks, otherwise the concept will collapse as well. In this level I will elaborate on these building blocks. First I will explain what the general idea of TGD is. It is a design philosophy, for sure, but one which stresses that an “optimum” needs to be found in a design space constituted by three different worlds: Reality, Meaning, and Play. Additionally, these worlds need to be considered simultaneously and be treated equally. The latter requires balancing the worlds which may result in different tensions, within and between two or three of the worlds. I continue by discussing each of the worlds and showing their perspective on the field of games with a meaningful purpose. From this, we clearly see that it is feasible to think of each world and that the idea makes sense. I substantiate this further by relating the notion of player and similar approaches to this framework. This level is quite a tough pill to swallow yet essential for finishing the other levels. Do not cheat or simply skip this level, but just take a big cup of coffee or tea and start reading it.

  10. Peace Incentives

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Emmanuel, Nikolas G.

    2015-01-01

    How does economic assistance influence the success or failure of peace processes in Africa? Can economic assistance act as an incentive to facilitate an end to conflict? The literature largely ignores aid as a factor supporting peace processes. In addressing this topic, the current study tries...... to assess the impact of donor economic aid on recent African peace processes. This research points to the conclusion that international assistance can be a positive incentive for lasting peace....

  11. PEACE MARKETING

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Peace marketing is a new concept which could be part of the category of the public international marketing  and it is, at the same time, a non-profit marketing. The concept of peace marketing is a new one, but one that should be developed because our future depends on the efficiency of the marketing campaigns for peace.

  12. Peaceful berkelium

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trabesinger, Andreas

    2017-09-01

    The first new element produced after the Second World War has led a rather peaceful life since entering the period table -- until it became the target of those producing superheavy elements, as Andreas Trabesinger describes.

  13. 76 FR 32065 - Prayer for Peace, Memorial Day, 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-03

    ... and lasting peace in our world. In honor of our fallen service members, the Congress, by a joint...#0;#0; #0; #0;Title 3-- #0;The President ] Proclamation 8683 of May 27, 2011 Prayer for Peace... with honor and distinction, securing our liberties and laying a foundation for lasting peace. On this...

  14. Peace Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Paola Salamanca García

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Direct, structural and cultural violence has been stressed within the social dynamic; this type of violence impedes the growth of the dialogue and the peace conflict resolution. In addition to this, the economic model imposed, communications, technology and western educational system have been favourable to increase inequality, injustice and decrease human development. Therefore, education has been looking for new ways to approach this type of violence and Peace Education emerges as an innovative alternative of learning in order to promote social progress and better standards of life. One of the relevant aspects of Peace Education is that it can adjust to different situations and it gives pedagogic solutions to the new global challenges. 

  15. Peace Psychology for a Peaceful World

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christie, Daniel J.; Tint, Barbara S.; Wagner, Richard V.; Winter, Deborah DuNann

    2008-01-01

    Although the literature in peace psychology has been growing rapidly, many American psychologists are unaware of how conflict is resolved and peace is conceptualized and achieved. This article reviews the long history and broadening scope of peace psychology and introduces a model of peace that is useful for organizing the literature. The model…

  16. Peace Psychology for a Peaceful World

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christie, Daniel J.; Tint, Barbara S.; Wagner, Richard V.; Winter, Deborah DuNann

    2008-01-01

    Although the literature in peace psychology has been growing rapidly, many American psychologists are unaware of how conflict is resolved and peace is conceptualized and achieved. This article reviews the long history and broadening scope of peace psychology and introduces a model of peace that is useful for organizing the literature. The model…

  17. Predatory peace

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund, Christian

    2017-01-01

    resumed. Peace held promise of land reform. Yet old patterns of smallholder dispossession were entrenched as the former insurgency leadership aligned with the old elite of plantation companies. Oil palm contract-farming schemes effectively alienated smallholders from their land, and violence precluded...

  18. Peace diplomacy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mandrup, Thomas

    2009-01-01

    Africa faces a seemingly ever-increasing range of security challenges. The traditional threats of civil and border conflicts, crises of governance and military coups may have receded but they remain active. Meanwhile, other issues have risen to prominence, such as globalisation, security sector...... and national case studies and makes an important contribution to debates on security sector reform. The topics covered include policing transformation, intelligence governance, regulation of private security actors, challenges of nuclear proliferation, regional security, peace diplomacy and peace missions......, the relationship between development and security and new challenges in governance of the military. Written by scholars as well as practitioners, and African as well as international researchers, it brings a variety of insights to new as well as traditional security concerns....

  19. Language of Peace in the Peaceful Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stomfay-Stitz, Aline; Wheeler, Edyth

    2006-01-01

    For the past 30 years, peace educators have drawn attention to the vital role of language--the caring, creative words that describe and enhance peace. The language of peace has evolved through several stages of growth and complexity. It also offers a heritage of caring and acceptance for all children who enter through educators' classroom doors.…

  20. Commitment to Peace.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montessori, Renilde

    1995-01-01

    This reprint from a 1985 issue of "The NAMTA Journal" discusses the ideas of Maria Montessori and Erich Fromm in relation to world peace and the role of education in promoting peace. Also examines the nature of conflict, war, and peace, and the need to commit oneself to peace. (MDM)

  1. Commitment to Peace.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montessori, Renilde

    1995-01-01

    This reprint from a 1985 issue of "The NAMTA Journal" discusses the ideas of Maria Montessori and Erich Fromm in relation to world peace and the role of education in promoting peace. Also examines the nature of conflict, war, and peace, and the need to commit oneself to peace. (MDM)

  2. Analyzing Peace Pedagogies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haavelsrud, Magnus; Stenberg, Oddbjorn

    2012-01-01

    Eleven articles on peace education published in the first volume of the Journal of Peace Education are analyzed. This selection comprises peace education programs that have been planned or carried out in different contexts. In analyzing peace pedagogies as proposed in the 11 contributions, we have chosen network analysis as our method--enabling…

  3. The culture of peace and peace education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Năstase, Adrian

    1983-09-01

    In the present world situation, there is an urgent need for new strategies of peace based on the common fundamental interest of mankind, rejecting the use of force, and aimed at creating a new world order. Recognising the close interrelationship between culture and peace, and the extension of international interdependencies in reducing economic disparities, emphasis must be given to developing positive attitudes to peace in the minds of all men: a qualitative change in thinking has to occur before international security can be ensured without resort to military alliances and nuclear deterrence. The dangers inherent in the arms race require that education for disarmament be an integral part of peace education. Likewise, the connections between peace and other international objectives such as development and human rights, need to be stressed. Peace education should lead not only to a greater awareness of problems but also to a sense of responsibility and an active involvement in efforts towards promoting equal rights, economic and social development, and mutual respect and understanding among nations. The power of informed public opinion, internationally, in influencing governments towards peace and disarmament should not be underestimated; therefore, greater attention in peace education needs to be given to identifying and overcoming the structural, conceptual and cultural obstacles to peace. What is being undertaken in Romania, especially amongst young people, by way of education and action for peace, reflects a coherent policy, comprises a powerful and effective educational whole, and is contributing towards the building up of an international `constituency' of peace and disarmament.

  4. Corporate interests, philanthropies, and the peace movement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wright, T; Rodriguez, F; Waitzkin, H

    1986-01-01

    Corporate and philanthropic involvement in the peace movement is growing. In considering medical peace groups as examples, we have studied the ways that corporate and philanthropic funding have shaped the course of activism. Our methods have included: review of the Foundations Grant Index from 1974-1983; analysis of corporations' and foundations' criteria for grants in the categories of peace, arms control, and disarmament; interviews with leaders of activist organizations and with foundation officials; and our own experiences in the peace movement. Corporate interests in preventing nuclear war stem from a concern for global stability in which world markets may expand, and from a hope to frame issues posed by the peace movement in a way that will not challenge basic structures of power and finance. Several general features make peace groups respectable and attractive to philanthropies; an uncritical stance toward corporate participation in the arms race; a viewpoint that the main danger of nuclear war stems from a profound, bilateral conflict between the United States and the Soviet Union; and a single-issue focus that does not deal with the many related problems reflecting the injustices of capitalism. The two major medical groups working for peace, Physicians for Social Responsibility (PSR) and International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War (IPPNW), have accomplished many goals; however, their adherence to subtle criteria of respectability and their dependence on philanthropic funding have limited the scope of their activism. The struggle for peace can not succeed without fundamental changes in the corporate system that initiates, maintains, and promotes the arms race.

  5. Peace, Security, Globalisation & Cultural Diplomacy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ashok Natarajan

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available This article argues for a positive, comprehensive conception of peace that goes beyond the mere absence of war and a more integrated conception of human security that encompasses a wider range of issues than threats of physical violence. Education is one of humanity’s most effective social institutions for redirecting the violent physical energies of destruction into higher avenues of civilization and culture as an instrument of conscious social evolution. Organization is knowledge of higher accomplishment. Organization has the power to vastly accelerate and multiply the potentials of education for the promotion of peace and security. Peace and Security have a mutually reinforcing effect on each other in the sense that peace results in security while security results in peace. Physical violence eventually led to the development of the knowledge needed for the avoidance of violence by means of diplomacy, trade and cultural exchanges, marking the beginning of the transition from the physical to the mental level of evolution. Trade requires travel, transport, human interaction, exchange, trust with respect to products, and reliable mechanisms for the exchange of a stable currency that can only be effectively founded on an enduring peace that generates confidence among the traders. Isolated communities evolve a communal consciousness as they mature into organized social units founded on shared customs and culture, which later develop into a common legal framework. What began as diplomacy so many centuries ago has now evolved into a near universal recognition of fundamental human rights and the rule of law. The evolution of diplomacy in previous centuries is the foundation for the remarkable betterment of human life witnessed in recent times. The world is in the process of evolving a unifying global culture founded on universal values and recognition of the rich contributions of different cultures to humanity’s progress. As physical force once

  6. Organized and Disorganized Chaos a New Dynamics in Peace Intelligence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erçetin, Şefika Şule; Tekin, Ali; Açıkalın, Şuay Nilhan

    "How to prevent wars" can be considered as reason behind the foundation of field international relations. In other words, after two devastating war humanity realized that we should learn peaceful coexistence. That's why last 50 years were dedicated to peace which have been the most controversial and gripping notion in all disciplines. Within this context, the notion of sustainable peace becomes more important in last years. On the other hand, chaos and its application in social life- actually our real universe gave insight people to understand social facts with dynamic systems and chaos theory. So, this chapter will be a new and fresh to have sustainable peace with peace intelligence. Peace intelligence is completely new phenomena which coined by Şefika Şule Erçetin.

  7. Pinwheels for Peace

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ayers, Ann; McMillan, Ellen

    2005-01-01

    In this article, the authors relate how they introduced Pinwheel for Peace project in their classroom to teach about the meaning of peace to their students. The authors chose pinwheel for discussing about peace because it symbolizes simple and joyful childhood things and it is easy to make. Students use paper to make pinwheels. As part of the…

  8. Development of a scale to measure individuals' ratings of peace.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zucker, Howard; Ahn, Roy; Sinclair, Samuel Justin; Blais, Mark; Nelson, Brett D; Burke, Thomas F

    2014-01-01

    The evolving concept of peace-building and the interplay between peace and health is examined in many venues, including at the World Health Assembly. However, without a metric to determine effectiveness of intervention programs all efforts are prone to subjective assessment. This paper develops a psychometric index that lays the foundation for measuring community peace stemming from intervention programs. After developing a working definition of 'peace' and delineating a Peace Evaluation Across Cultures and Environments (PEACE) scale with seven constructs comprised of 71 items, a beta version of the index was pilot-tested. Two hundred and fifty subjects in three sites in the U.S. were studied using a five-point Likert scale to evaluate the psychometric functioning of the PEACE scale. Known groups validation was performed using the SOS-10. In addition, test-retest reliability was performed on 20 subjects. The preliminary data demonstrated that the scale has acceptable psychometric properties for measuring an individual's level of peacefulness. The study also provides reliability and validity data for the scale. The data demonstrated internal consistency, correlation between data and psychological well-being, and test-retest reliability. The PEACE scale may serve as a novel assessment tool in the health sector and be valuable in monitoring and evaluating the peace-building impact of health initiatives in conflict-affected regions.

  9. Museums for Peace: Agents and Instruments of Peace Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tamashiro, Roy; Furnari, Ellen

    2015-01-01

    Although museums for peace claim peace education to be a primary mission, their definitions of "peace" and their aims and practices for peace education vary widely. In this article, we draw from the field of critical museology and the knowledge construction perspective to understand the role of museums for peace in the service of peace…

  10. Peace psychology should include the study of peaceful individuals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, Linden L

    2014-09-01

    The selection of topics for the special issue on peace psychology (October 2013) probably gave readers the impression that peace psychology should be defined as the study of conflict and peace at intergroup, societal, and global levels.

  11. Peace Through Integration or Peace Through Separation?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Reher, Stefanie

    2011-01-01

    For decades, scholars and politicians have been engaging in the quest for an institutional model that prevents conflict and maintains peace in ethnically divided societies. Many propose a federal system, yet with different intentions: Segregationists argue that giving territorial autonomy...... to the different groups by creating homogeneous federal units will mediate political conflict and prevent secession by reducing discrimination of minorities. Integrationists reject this idea, claiming that integration in form of heterogeneous federal units promotes tolerance and thereby peace. This study sheds...

  12. Development of a scale to measure individuals’ ratings of peace

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    Background The evolving concept of peace-building and the interplay between peace and health is examined in many venues, including at the World Health Assembly. However, without a metric to determine effectiveness of intervention programs all efforts are prone to subjective assessment. This paper develops a psychometric index that lays the foundation for measuring community peace stemming from intervention programs. Methods After developing a working definition of ‘peace’ and delineating a Peace Evaluation Across Cultures and Environments (PEACE) scale with seven constructs comprised of 71 items, a beta version of the index was pilot-tested. Two hundred and fifty subjects in three sites in the U.S. were studied using a five-point Likert scale to evaluate the psychometric functioning of the PEACE scale. Known groups validation was performed using the SOS-10. In addition, test-retest reliability was performed on 20 subjects. Results The preliminary data demonstrated that the scale has acceptable psychometric properties for measuring an individual’s level of peacefulness. The study also provides reliability and validity data for the scale. The data demonstrated internal consistency, correlation between data and psychological well-being, and test-retest reliability. Conclusions The PEACE scale may serve as a novel assessment tool in the health sector and be valuable in monitoring and evaluating the peace-building impact of health initiatives in conflict-affected regions. PMID:25298781

  13. Retooling Peace Philosophy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schmidt, Johannes Dragsbæk; Hersh, Jacques; Petersen-Overton, Kristofer

    2010-01-01

    This book documents recent and historical events in the theoretically-based practice of peace development. Its diverse collection of essays describes different aspects of applied philosophy in peace action, commonly involving the contributors’ continual engagement in the field, while offering...... support and optimal responses to conflict and violence. This study has never been timelier, as the omnipresence of conflict and the widespread opportunities to respond to them with nonviolence and peace practices....

  14. The Dawn of Peace?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    The recent memorandum of understanding between the Israelis and the Palestinians has restarted the Middle East Peace talks,but is the road to lasting peace in sight? Peace talks between Israel and Palestine during the past several years have not been as crucial as other Middle East issues such as the Iranian nuclear issue and the war in Iraq.During this time,the peace process has not made any progress and the situation in the region has not improved.But in late November,the world was surprised to see lsraeli and Palestinian leaders meeting in

  15. Promoting Peace: Peace Now as a Graphic Peace Movement, 1987-1993

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jon SImons

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available 'Peace Now,’ the leading Israeli peace organization, has mobilized the public to press governments to reach peace agreements, protest wars and oppression of Palestinians, obstruct settlements in the Occupied Territories and develop dialogue with Palestinians. Focusing on 1987-93, this essay conceptualizes the advocacy of peace by ‘Peace Now’ as public relations activity that promotes images of peace. It communicated its ideas by means of slogans in the form of material signs which were figured graphically in print media, on posters, flyers, placards and stickers. The images of peace that ‘Peace Now’ promoted belong to the category of political images, which are not simply pictures or visual images, but condensations of complex ideas, conceptions and experiences of peace. ‘Peace Now’ promoted three main images of peace from 1987 to 1993: peace as negotiation and compromise; peace as the ending of the oppression of occupation; and peace as separation between Israelis and Palestinians. While there are ambiguities within and tensions between all three images, the key trouble for the advocacy of peace of ‘Peace Now’ was that its third image of peace as separation undermined the other two, ultimately creating a recipe for ‘unilateral peace.'

  16. Disarmament and Peace Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reardon, Betty

    1978-01-01

    Questions of disarmament and the legitimacy of the nation-state system should be the core of peace education and should comprise a major aspect of citizenship education. The approach to peace education should be cognitive and affective, intellectual and political, and should be initiated in the early elementary years. (Author/KC)

  17. Retooling Peace Philosophy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schmidt, Johannes Dragsbæk; Hersh, Jacques; Petersen-Overton, Kristofer

    2010-01-01

    This book documents recent and historical events in the theoretically-based practice of peace development. Its diverse collection of essays describes different aspects of applied philosophy in peace action, commonly involving the contributors’ continual engagement in the field, while offering...

  18. Filipino children's understanding of peace

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oppenheimer, L.J.T.; Kuipers, I.

    2003-01-01

    This study reports on 10-year-old Filipino children's understanding of peace, war, and strategies to attain peace. In total, 56 children were presented with a semistructured interview consisting of free associations to peace and questions pertaining to the definitions of peace and war and strategies

  19. The Fifth China-U.S.Civil Society Peace Forum Was Successfully Held

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2014-01-01

    <正>Sponsored by Chinese People’s Association for Peace and Disarmament,American Friends Service Committee,Ningxia People’s Association for Friendship with Foreign Countries and co-sponsored by Ningxia Foreign Affairs Office and China Foundation for Peace and Development,the Fifth China-U.S.Civil Society Peace Forum was successfully held in Yinchuan,Ningxia,China from May 6 to 8,2014.The main theme

  20. Dangers of peace journalism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wilhelm Kempf

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available The sense of mission shared by some peace journalists is a dangerous attitude. All journalists can do to give peace a chance is to serve as mediators, helping conflict parties overcome the competitive misperceptions and societal beliefs that fuel conflict. If peace journalists try to promote and impose their own solutions, however, frustration is inevitable and will finally result in the search for an evildoer who can be made responsible. Thus by involving themselves in conflicts, journalists can become unintentional agents of conflict escalation.

  1. MEN OF PEACE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    On February 7,Chinese peacekeepers receive UN peace medals in Wau,Sudan,from Ashraf Qazi,Special Representative of the UN Secretary General for Sudan. The conferring ceremony was held to honor great contributions made by the Chinese peacekeeping troops in maintaining peace and stability in Sudan’s war-torn Darfur region. By honoring both security and logistics units,Qazi highly praised Chinese soldiers as true men of peace. As part of the UN Mission in Sudan,China joined the peacekeeping operation in 2006.

  2. Postage Stamps and Peace Education: The Nobel Peace Prize. Peace Education Miniprints No. 79.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abrams, Irwin

    This paper suggests how peace stamps can be used to further understanding of the movement for world peace. In this effort the Nobel Peace Prize, the most prestigious award in the world for peacemaking, is used as a focus. In the prizes from 1901 to the present, the Norwegian Nobel committees have recognized the major paths to peace. This variety…

  3. Peace and Social Solidarity

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    indigenous approaches to building peace and social solidarity in Africa. The Need for Building ... resistance movements on opposite sides. The issue of identity .... members, and by handing them down to future generations, societies can - and.

  4. Practicing for Peace

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    The Shanghai Cooperation Organization holds joint military exercises for regional stability shanghai Cooperation Organization(SCO) members have been holding joint military exercises since 2003.And this year’s was called "Peace Mission 2010".

  5. A Peace Museum as a Center for Peace Education: What Do Japanese Students Think of Peace Museums? Peace Education Miniprints No. 50.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamane, Kazuyo

    This paper discusses present trends and possibilities in the peace museum field. The document is based on a collection of written opinions of Japanese students on peace museums, visits to peace museums in other countries, and a position on a peace museum and center for peace education in Japan. Peace museums throughout the world show that they can…

  6. Education for Peace. Peace Education Miniprints No. 28.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wulf, Christoph

    Education for peace is a process that must begin in the childhood of students and continue for the rest of their lives. Education for peace also is concerned with addressing the conditions that nurture violence and war and with seeking ways to change those conditions. Among the major themes of current peace education efforts are the aftermath of…

  7. The Everyday Peace Project: An Innovative Approach to Peace Pedagogy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dutta, Urmitapa; Andzenge, Andrea Kashimana; Walkling, Kayla

    2016-01-01

    A critical task for peace pedagogy is to challenge views of peace as primarily responses to declared war. Crisis-based politics tend to focus on exceptional situations and fail to capture the entire spectrum of violence. Premised on the idea that peace cannot be understood in isolation of larger structural problems, this paper proposes the concept…

  8. The Right to Life in Peace: An Essential Condition for Realizing the Right to Health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perry, Donna; Fernandez, Christian Guillermet; Puyana, David Fernandez

    2015-06-11

    Since 2008, the UN Human Rights Council has been working on a declaration related to the right to peace. The Council has established an Open-Ended Working Group, which is refining the draft declaration. This paper discusses the relationship between the right to health and the right to life in peace; we argue that peace and the conditions that support peace are essential to realize the right to health. Health professionals have an important role to play in promoting the right to a life in peace. We suggest that human dignity, as foundational to all human rights as well as health professionals' codes of ethics, provides a normative basis for the progressive realization of both the rights to health and to life in peace.

  9. Teaching Peace with Dr. Seuss.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pace, Rosemarie; Podesta, Andrea

    1999-01-01

    Educators seeking novel ways to instill conflict-resolution skills in young children should consider Dr. Seuss, whose books provide a synthesis of fantasy and reality that works for teaching values endemic to peace education. This paper discusses how students can learn peace and educators can teach peace using Dr. Seuss books, examining steps to…

  10. Performances of Peace : Utrecht 1713

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    2015-01-01

    The Peace of Utrecht (1713), which brought an end to the War of the Spanish Succession, was a milestone in global history. Performances of Peace aims to rethink the significance of the Peace of Utrecht by exploring the nexus between culture and politics. For too long, cultural and political historia

  11. Developmentally Appropriate Peace Education Curricula

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewsader, Joellen; Myers-Walls, Judith A.

    2017-01-01

    Peace education has been offered to children for decades, but those curricula have been only minimally guided by children's developmental stages and needs. In this article, the authors apply their research on children's developmental understanding of peace along with peace education principles and Vygotsky's sociocultural theory to present…

  12. Educating for peace

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andreasen, Karen Egedal; Ydesen, Christian

    2015-01-01

    In the aftermath of the two world wars, strong international networks and organisations manifested themselves with promotion of peace through education on their agenda. Danish pedagogical experiments and experimental schools were strongly influenced by these trends and played a role in subsequent...... peace through education transferred, translated, and transformed in Danish school experiments in interwar and post-war scenarios? In exploring this question, the article uses transnational and Danish archival sources as well as journals and reports linked to the Danish progressive education movement...

  13. Peace and the Atomic Bomb

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bradbury, Norris E. [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Meade, Roger Allen [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)

    1948-12-02

    A little over three years after assuming the directorship of the Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory, Norris Bradbury returned to his alma mater, Pomona College, and delivered one of his first extended speeches regarding the atomic bomb. Bradbury noted that although the atomic bomb had brought a “peace of kind,” ending World War II, the bomb also had become, without much thought, a “factor in the political, military, and diplomatic thinking of the world.” Bradbury hoped his speech, given to both the faculty and student body of Pomona, would give his audience a foundation on which to assess and understand the new world the bomb had ushered into existence. Bradbury’s talk was quickly printed an distributed by Pomona College and, later, reprinted in The Physical Review (Volume 75, No. 8, 1154-1160, April 15, 1949). It is reprinted here, for a third time, as a reminder of the early days of Los Alamos and its role in international affairs. "Slightly more that three years ago, this country brought to an end the most catastrophic war in history. The conflict had been characterized by an unremitting application of science to the technology of destruction. The final use of the atomic bomb, however, provided a climax so striking that the inevitable nature of future wars was illustrated with the utmost clarity. Peace of a kind followed the first military use of atomic weapons, but international understanding did not, and the atomic bomb became a factor in the political, military, and diplomatic thinking of the world. Where do we now stand in all this? What are the costs and the rewards? Where are we going? These are some of the things that I would like to discuss with you this morning."

  14. Safeguard Peace Together Speech at the Peace Alert International Peace Seminar in Helsinki, Finland

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Tao; Tao

    2015-01-01

    It gives me great pleasure to attend the"Peace Alert"gathering,and exchange views with you on major issues concerning current global security and development,in the hope of pioneering a way to push forward peace,stability and development.Being the largest peace organization in China,the CPAPD’s objective is to promote

  15. Education for Peace - Today

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wise, Helen D.

    1973-01-01

    Describes a program outline that will turn about the philosophy of war, utilized by the United States in this century, to one of peace, wherein education will contribute to the expansion of the rights of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. (Author/RK)

  16. Peace, Environment and Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bjerstedt, Ake, Ed.

    1990-01-01

    This special issue contains five sections. In the first part, "Papers," one full-length paper (Lennart Vriens) and a selection of paper summaries from a recent international conference on peace education are included. The second part, "People and Perspectives," presents an interview with Tom Roderick of the U.S. organization,…

  17. Handbook on Peace Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salomon, Gavriel, Ed.; Cairns, Ed, Ed.

    2009-01-01

    This handbook encompasses a range of disciplines that underlie the field of peace education and provides the rationales for the ways it is actually carried out. The discipline is a composite of contributions from a variety of disciplines ranging from social psychology to philosophy and from communication to political science. That is, peace…

  18. From Clouds of Chemical Warfare to Blue Skies of Peace: The Tehran Peace Museum, Iran

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewis, Elizabeth; Khateri, Shahriar

    2015-01-01

    Despite the limited number of peace museums around the world, there exists an essential role for existing peace museums to promote a culture of peace and peace education. The purpose of this article was to introduce the origins, rationale, scope and work of the Tehran Peace Museum in Iran. The concept of the museum is to facilitate peace education…

  19. PeaceKeeper

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lanng, Henrik; Lykkegaard,, Anders; Thornholm, Søren

    2016-01-01

    . To address this challenge, we explore how to augment the awareness and communication of environmental noise among dorm residents through an ambient awareness system: PeaceKeeper. We describe the initial design, implementation and concept validation of PeaceKeeper with two students living in contiguous rooms......Noise pollution can be very problematic especially in shared-living facilities such as student dormitories. After conducting interviews with nine students, we found that students are usually not aware of the level of noise pollution they are producing as part of their everyday activities...... at the same dormitory. Based on our initial findings, we highlight how ambient awareness systems can provide opportunities to make students aware of their own level of noise to avoid disturbing their neighbours....

  20. Peace, welfare, culture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gad, Ulrik Pram

    2011-01-01

    and multiculturalism – pitted in opposition. By analytically focusing on “security narratives”, the article details how initial narratives of Muslims as threats to culture, welfare and societal peace merged and morphed to award surprising new roles to the state and multiculturalism. The re-evaluation of cultural...... difference implied in a recent strategy to counter radicalization, however, does not amount to a de-securitization of Muslims – rather it installs a need for surveillance and control of the Muslim difference....

  1. Peace and Democratic Society

    OpenAIRE

    Sen, Amartya

    2012-01-01

    Recent acts of terrorism and the pro-democracy unrest in the Middle East remind us how important it is to understand the relationship between violence, peace and democracy. In a challenging and insightful essay, Amartya Sen explores ideas around “organised violence” (war, genocide and terrorism) and violence against the individual. Highlighting the inadequacies of some of the widely accepted explanations for violence – including the idea that the world is experiencing a “clash of civilisation...

  2. The Peace Train

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sharon Katz

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available This article will attempt to tell the story of how I have used music therapy and harmony to help end the evil Apartheid regime in the old South Africa and aid in the transition process. I would like to acknowledge my colleague, former administrator for mental health for the city of Philadelphia, Marilyn Cohen, who has been helping to keep The Peace Train on track for 18 years. Without her expertise and dedication, we could not have done it.

  3. STUDENTS: COMMUNICATION AND PEACE CULTURE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elizabeth Arapé Copello

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper shows a research about Communication and Peace Culture developed with Venezuelan students. We did a theoretical review and field-work with students. We are looking for visions and perceptions about communication to peace from students. The research is focused on three student groups who live near of Venezuela frontier. We work with three test: (COMPAZ-1, Peace Builder and Learning to Dialoguing. The students show changes in their initials perceptions after the workshop. The experience developed that short training could be useful to be better the communication behavior as support of peace project.

  4. Peace education dan deradikalisasi agama

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Imam Machali

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Peace education is a process of acquiring knowledge, development of attitudes, and behaviors to be able to live mutually respectful, tolerant, peaceful, mutual aid and nonviolence. Peace education that is conducted by “FPUB” is to bring into reality the true brotherhood among the believers that are realized by tolerance-active attitude, honesty,respect for religious freedom and faith. The program is implemented in order to deradicalization of religious groups such as discussion and dialogue among religions, social solidarity action, peaceful action, and prayer together.

  5. Commitment to Prosperity Through Peace

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    China believes peaceful development is its only path to prosperity The Chinese Government published a white paper on the country’s development on September 6, stressing that peaceful development is the best means through which China can realize its ambitions for modernization and prosperity.

  6. Peace linguistics for language teachers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco GOMES DE MATOS

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This text aims at presenting the concept of Peace Linguistics - origins and recent developments -- as being implemented in the author's ongoing work in that emerging branch of Applied Linguistics. Examples of applicational possibilities are given, with a focus on language teaching-learning and a Checklist is provided, of topics for suggested linguistic-educational research, centered on communicative peace.

  7. Talking Peace in the Ogaden

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hagmann, Tobias

    , and added to insecurity in the Somali territories of the Horn of Africa. Talking Peace in the Ogaden is the outcome of extensive research in Ethiopia, East Africa and the global Ogaadeeni diaspora. It analyses the evolution of the conflict, the changing balance of forces, and the current prospects for peace....

  8. Spirituality, Religion, and Peace Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brantmeier, Edward J., Ed.; Lin, Jing, Ed.; Miller, John P., Ed.

    2010-01-01

    "Spirituality, Religion, and Peace Education" attempts to deeply explore the universal and particular dimensions of education for inner and communal peace. This co-edited book contains fifteen chapters on world spiritual traditions, religions, and their connections and relevance to peacebuilding and peacemaking. This book examines the…

  9. Space exploration and world peace

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mercieca, C.

    1972-01-01

    The possibility of using space exploration as an instrument in procuring world peace is studied. Suggestions for obtaining such a peace, utilizing space programs, include removal of worldwide educational and communication barriers, building of an emotionally and socially stable society, creation of a unit or whole world rather than the mine and yours concept, and reevaluation and reorientation of human relations and values.

  10. Peace Education in Postcolonial Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brock-Utne, Birgit

    1996-01-01

    Examines whether efforts by donor agencies and Third World governments toward achieving basic education for all will lead to further development of peace education in Africa; whether the outcomes of the 1990 Education for All (EFA) conference in Thailand will promote positive peace; and whether the new EFA strategy will lead to a self-reliant…

  11. Peace, welfare, culture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gad, Ulrik Pram

    2011-01-01

    and multiculturalism – pitted in opposition. By analytically focusing on “security narratives”, the article details how initial narratives of Muslims as threats to culture, welfare and societal peace merged and morphed to award surprising new roles to the state and multiculturalism. The re-evaluation of cultural......This article analyzes how Muslims are implied to constitute threats in the official Danish discourse of the centre-right government since 2001. It does so to provide a more nuanced picture of Danish debates on integration than the usual presentation of two discourses – culturalism...

  12. The Future of Peace

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    Despite the renewed violence in Gaza,foreign affairs experts still believe there is,hope for peace between the IsraeIis and,the Palestinians The situation in the Middle East grew more intense after Israel closed all its border crossings with the Gaza Strip on January 18 and cut off the Palestinians’ crucial supply lines for fuel and food in retaliation for rocket attacks by Hamas militants. In light of the resurgent violence,some officials and observers argue that Israel’s border closures hurt the Palestinian civilians

  13. Honoring History for Peace

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    The newly-renovated Nanjing Massacre Memorial Museum was reopened to the public on December 13,2007,just in time for the 70th anniversary of the Nanjing Massacre. On December 13,1937,the Japanese army occupied Nanjing and slaughtered hundreds of thousands of unarmed civilians in the fol- lowing six weeks. Located in Nanjing,capital of east China’s Jiangsu Province,the new museum covers an area of about 6.7 hectares,which is almost four times the size of the old museum.In addition to the Peace Bell and

  14. Building a Peaceful Society: Creative Integration of Peace Education. Peace Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finley, Laura

    2011-01-01

    To truly move toward a more peaceful society, it is imperative that peace education better address structural and institutional violence. This requires that it be integrated into institutions outside of schools and universities. Doing so will be challenging, as many of these institutions are structured on domination and control, not on partnership…

  15. Infrastructure for Peace: The African Experience

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Nneka Umera-Okeke

    As stated succinctly by World Health Organisation, just like the way the public health efforts ... infrastructures for peace in Africa, the efficacy of such peace structure in promoting peace and ..... of the concept peace committee in relation to peacebuilding initiatives in. Kenya. Nairobi: ... Hybrid peacemaking: building national.

  16. Peace and Pedagogy. Peter Lang Primers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quinn, Molly

    2014-01-01

    What makes for peace as lived? What images of peace issue from examination of daily experience? What can be gleaned from reflection upon the topic for the meanings and makings of peace in our world? Considering that to work for peace, we must begin with ourselves and with our children, Molly Quinn addresses these questions through her own life and…

  17. Approaching peace in Patani, Southern Thailand

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Horstmann, A.

    2008-01-01

    This article analyzes ways of approaching peace building and peace negotiations in Patani. Choosing an anthropological approach, the article argues that participant observation helps identify indigenous, local peace instruments. Hence, the design of local sovereignty is the most important step...... to durable peace in internal conflicts. The Surayud government has identified the recommendations of the National Reconciliation Commission as guide-posts and has praised the peace agreement in Aceh as model to emulate. There is an opening for peace talks, in which the solution to historical and cultural...... grievances will be a key to peace....

  18. Corporate Foundations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Herlin, Heidi; Thusgaard Pedersen, Janni

    2013-01-01

    This paper aims to explore the potential of Danish corporate foundations as boundary organizations facilitating relationships between their founding companies and non-governmental organizations (NGOs). Hitherto, research has been silent about the role of corporate foundations in relation to cross......-sector partnerships. The results of this paper are based on interviews, participant observations, and organizational documents from a 19-month empirical study of a Danish corporate foundation. Findings suggest that corporate foundations have potential to act as boundary organizations and facilitate collaborative...... action between business and NGOs through convening, translation, collaboration, and mediation. Our study provides valuable insights into the tri-part relationship of company foundation NGO by discussing the implications of corporate foundations taking an active role in the realm of corporate social...

  19. Genealogy of behaviourist peace research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Real P. Sousa

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the behaviourist “non-normative” Peace Research (PR tradition with two objectives. One objective is to locate this field in relation to closely related fields of research. PR specificity is: the dependent variable of peace and conflict when compared with Political Science and International Relations; the normative concern with the causes of war when compared with Strategic Studies; and the rejection of the “practicality” of research and a restraint on normativity when compared with Peace Studies (defined as peace research, peace teaching and peace action and Conflict Resolution. Also, PR is considered here as one of the sub-fields of International Security Studies. The second objective of the paper is to present the history of PR. Since its creation in the 1950s, with a focus on inter-state conflict as an alternative to Strategic Studies, PR had two defining periods: one in the late 1960s labelled as the “socialist revolution”, with the conceptualisation of peace as more than the absence of war (positive peace and a challenge for normativity in research; and a second period in the 1980s that brought the broadening of the referent object to intra-state conflict and liberal peace, and the emergence of other social sciences dedicated to the study of issues in, or close to, PR, broadly defined as security with some of them adopting a normative stance in research. The epistemological community of PR kept its behaviourist approach in spite of these two normative challenges, and its distinctiveness and unity is much due to its method.

  20. The Human Right to Peace

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Villán Durán

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The international codification of the human right to peace was brought to the United Nations by civil society organizations. The draft declaration submitted to the States has a holistic nature, is very rooted in the international human rights law, and considers peace as the absence of all forms of violence (Santiago Declaration on the Human Right to Peace of 10 December 2010. A working group appointed by the UN Human Rights Council should achieve a new and consensual text to bridge the existing gap between developed and developing States in this field, the former being more supportive of the thesis maintained by civil society.

  1. Peaceful Uses of Fusion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teller, E.

    1958-07-03

    Applications of thermonuclear energy for peaceful and constructive purposes are surveyed. Developments and problems in the release and control of fusion energy are reviewed. It is pointed out that the future of thermonuclear power reactors will depend upon the construction of a machine that produces more electric energy than it consumes. The fuel for thermonuclear reactors is cheap and practically inexhaustible. Thermonuclear reactors produce less dangerous radioactive materials than fission reactors and, when once brought under control, are not as likely to be subject to dangerous excursions. The interaction of the hot plasma with magnetic fields opens the way for the direct production of electricity. It is possible that explosive fusion energy released underground may be harnessed for the production of electricity before the same feat is accomplished in controlled fusion processes. Applications of underground detonations of fission devices in mining and for the enhancement of oil flow in large low-specific-yield formations are also suggested.

  2. Revisiting peace and conflict studies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hagmann, Tobias

    2014-01-01

    In this article, I will first draw attention to the surprising, but ultimately problematic trajectory of peace studies from the period of the Cold War to the present day. This is a trajectory from ‘peace’ as a critique of dominant geopolitics to one of ‘peace’ that has become part of the very...... the broad variety of existing units of analysis, motivations, theories and methodologies of peace and conflict studies. Thirdly, I will propose a number of suggestions for a research attitude that, in absence of a better word, I subsume under the heading of ‘critical peace and conflict research’, striving...... to understand peace and conflict as concomitantly subjective and objective, as critique and hegemony, as normative and value-free, as local and global....

  3. Democracy and Deterrence: Foundations for an Enduring World Peace

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-05-01

    Sigmund Freud , in his corre- spondence with Albert Einstein later published as Why War?, asserts that “man has within himself a lust for hatred and de...template.cfm?page=47&nit=342&year=2004. –––––. The World’s Most Repressive Regimes. Washington, DC: Freedom House, 2003. Freud , Sigmund . To Albert...136, 144, 146, 151 freedom of religion, ix, 3–6, 45, 56, 87, 128, 131, 136, 144, 146, 151 freedom of speech, 45, 54, 56, 67–68, 83 Freud , Sigmund , 22

  4. Peace Journalism and its discontents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jake Lynch

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available This article is a response to criticisms of peace journalism from a journalist (David Loyn and a scholar (Thomas Hanitzsch by one who has recently gone from one profession to the other. It argues that journalists, like Loyn, often misrepresent the dividing lines in the debate over peace journalism because they take an unduly realist view of news and its relationship with the facts. This is tantamount to ignoring some of the most important insights of research into journalism and communications. On the other hand, scholars like Hanitzsch take an unduly conventionalist view, it argues, thereby excluding important arguments about the basis upon which we should prefer some representations of conflict over others, as being more accurate and more useful. Peace journalism bases its claims on observations about conflict, peace and violence by researchers in Peace and Conflict Studies, preferable as a basis for representing conflict to the often-unexamined conventions of the news industry. Peace journalism is also criticised as resting on an overly individualistic model of journalistic endeavour, attaching too little weight to the importance of structural constraints on the work of editors and reporters. This article acknowledges those constraints as governing, though not fully determining influences; but it also argues that peace journalism can contribute to the mobilization of social resources for structural reform, or for the existing structural provisions for public service concepts in journalism to be applied and carried out. Furthermore, some research into journalistic representations of conflict is insufficiently attentive to the insights of peace research, as distinct from research on journalism, a shortcoming which, the article says, invalidates some of its conclusions.

  5. Five generations of peace operations: from the "thin blue line" to "painting a country blue"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kai Michael Kenkel

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This article combines both international practice and analytical contributions into a systematic and synthetic presentation of the evolution of peace operations from their modern inception in 1948 to the present. It seeks to serve a didactic purpose in proposing a basic structure for Brazilian scholars' burgeoning debate on peace operations and intervention, rather than a definitive characterization of blue helmet practice. Peace operations' progression is traced through five analytical "generations," each adding a crucial factor distinguishing it from its predecessors. Each generation is placed in relation to changes in the nature of conflict and in the interpretation of the foundational principles of peace operations, and links to broader theoretical issues in International Relations are made explicit at each stage.

  6. Little Angels for Peace

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1999-01-01

    IT was an unusual Saturday this summer.Many Chinese childrenand their parents met the 15 American and Japanese children of thedelegation of Children As The Peacemakers Foundation fromAmerica, there with their mothers,fathers,grandmothers andgrandfathers at the China National Children’s Center in Beijing.

  7. Vasculitis Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Read More Click here to view full calendar Vasculitis Patient-Powered Research Network The V-PPRN seeks ... with various forms of vasculitis. Join The Network! Vasculitis Foundation News Introducing our 2017-2018 VCRC-VF ...

  8. Glaucoma Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... IMPORTANT RESEARCH FINDING First Cellular Model of Exfoliation Glaucoma Research is advancing in the quest to find ... cure for exfoliation syndrome and its associated exfoliation glaucoma, the current focus of The Glaucoma Foundation. Exfoliation ...

  9. Foundation Structure

    OpenAIRE

    Schakenda, Bruno; Nielsen, Søren Andreas; Ibsen, Lars Bo

    2009-01-01

    Method of installing a bucket foundation structure comprising one, two, three or more skirts, into soils in a controlled manner. The method comprises two stages: a first stage being a design phase and the second stage being an installation phase. In the first stage, design parameters are determined relating to the loads on the finished foundation structure; soil profile on the location; allowable installation tolerances, which parameters are used to estimate the minimum diameter and length of...

  10. Celebrating science for peace

    CERN Multimedia

    2014-01-01

    These last two weeks have underlined the significance of our 60th anniversary slogan: science for peace.    The second Wilton Park event on science and religion that we’ve participated in took place in Divonne, bringing representatives of the world’s major religions together to discuss the potential for dialogue. It was a clear example of science facilitating conversations that might otherwise never have happened, and the report on the event should be well worth reading when it comes out later this year. We also saw the start of the International Conference on High Energy Physics, ICHEP, in Valencia, bringing physicists from around the world together. But what I want to focus on is the ceremony at UNESCO in Paris on 1 July marking the 61st anniversary of the CERN Convention. It was at UNESCO in Paris on 1 July 1953 that the CERN Convention first saw the light of day. That historic occasion marked a turning point in European scientific history that would have rami...

  11. Peace Education: Glimpses from the EUPRA Conference in Firenze. Peace Education Reports No. 5.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bjerstedt, Ake, Ed.

    This report presents the material from a workshop on peace education that was part of a conference sponsored by the European Peace Research Association (EUPRA). Two papers, "Research as a Tool for Peace Education" (Alberto L'Abate) and "Promoting Commitment to Peace and Environmental Responsibility" (Riitta Wahlstrom), are documented in part 1 of…

  12. Building Infrastructure for Peace in Nigerian Schools

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This is important in view of the failure of the existing approaches in ... development of conflict resolution skills by students and social change for peace. ..... The peace club sessions addressed the topic of forgiveness and repentance,.

  13. Building Infrastructure for Peace in Nigerian Schools

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    structure for peace, infrastructure for peace has become more imperative in contemporary times to ... norms, and where possible, through laws (Rogers and Hall, 2003, p.1). .... resource person rather than a 'fount of all knowledge'. Obviously ...

  14. Colombia’s Elusive Peace: Perspectives for a Peace Process in Colombia

    OpenAIRE

    Benavides Vanegas, Farid Samir

    2011-01-01

    Why the enthusiasm for peace faded? What are the perspectives for peace in Colombia? How peace came to be understood as the opposite to security? In this paper I want to make sense of the first two questions, leaving for another time the third one. But I would like to say, that peace and security are not opposites, for peace without security is unstable, and security without peace is authoritarian and undemocratic. In the first part of this paper I wish to show a brief history of past peace p...

  15. Profile of a Peace Historian: Irwin Abrams.

    Science.gov (United States)

    OAH Magazine of History, 1994

    1994-01-01

    Discusses the significance of Irwin Abrams to the field of peace history. Describes Abrams' personal life, his work with the American Friends Service Committee, his scholarly work, and his leadership in peace history. Concludes by discussing his research on the Nobel Peace Prize and its recipients. (CFR)

  16. Interfaith Dialogue at Peace Museums in Kenya

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gachanga, Timothy; Mutisya, Munuve

    2015-01-01

    This paper makes a case for further studies on the contribution of peace museums to interfaith dialogue debate. Based on our experiences as museum curators, teachers and peace researchers and a review of published materials, we argue that there is a lacuna in the study on the contribution of peace museums to the interfaith dialogue debate. The…

  17. Border Cosmopolitanism in Critical Peace Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Golding, David

    2017-01-01

    This paper intends to contribute to recent developments in the theory of critical peace education. The role of cosmopolitanism in critical peace education is examined, particularly in relation to universal moral inclusion, secularism and universalism. It is then recommended that critical peace education draw from post-universalist and dialogical…

  18. A shift in policy, a shift in peace : Colombian civil society peace initiatives (1997-2008)

    OpenAIRE

    Schneider, Julia Drey

    2009-01-01

    In the last fifteen years, Colombia's rapidly growing peace movement has produced activists who fervently work to create peace in a country that has been in conflict for more than forty years. These activists and the organizations that support them represent a heterogeneous group of people who use a diverse array of peace initiatives (or peace actions) to achieve their peace goals. Their work has attempted (and often succeeded) in influencing and impacting Colombian citizens, the government a...

  19. Education for Peace and Democracy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Ceballos Rendón

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The construction of peace and democracy march in parallel, both have to be constructed by processes of education they have to: (1 respect the historicity that defined the category of citizenship, (2 encourage society to have access to real and impartial information, (3 allow expression spaces open to dialogue y (4 rescue authority figures as forming new generations within an ethicalframework to put in place the individual as a fellow citizen, with rights and obligations that both have to be respected, leading to tolerance and peaceful coexistence.

  20. The Promotion of Peace Education through Guides in Peace Museums. A Case Study of the Kyoto Museum for World Peace, Ritsumeikan University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanigawa, Yoshiko

    2015-01-01

    This paper focuses on how peace education at a peace museum is promoted by a volunteer guide service for visitors. Peace museums are places where many materials related to war and peace history are on display. To support the learning experience of museum visitors, many peace museums in Japan provide a volunteer guide service. The Kyoto Museum for…

  1. The Promotion of Peace Education through Guides in Peace Museums. A Case Study of the Kyoto Museum for World Peace, Ritsumeikan University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanigawa, Yoshiko

    2015-01-01

    This paper focuses on how peace education at a peace museum is promoted by a volunteer guide service for visitors. Peace museums are places where many materials related to war and peace history are on display. To support the learning experience of museum visitors, many peace museums in Japan provide a volunteer guide service. The Kyoto Museum for…

  2. Challenges of Managing and Planning Peace Education and Peace ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DrNneka

    efficient teaching and learning activities engineered by the culture of peace. ... children, youth and adults to prevent conflict and violence, both overt and structural to .... learning, critical inquiry and discovery method than competition learning ... introduce experience-based learning, group work, and discussion methods in.

  3. Cosmopolitanism and Peace in Kant's Essay on "Perpetual Peace"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huggler, Jorgen

    2010-01-01

    Immanuel Kant's essay on Perpetual Peace (1795/96) contains a rejection of the idea of a world government (earlier advocated by Kant himself). In connexion with a substantial argument for cosmopolitan rights based on the human body and its need for a space on the surface of the Earth, Kant presents the most rigorous philosophical formulation ever…

  4. Child Soldiers, Peace Education, and Postconflict Reconstruction for Peace

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wessells, Michael

    2005-01-01

    Worldwide, children are drawn into lives as soldiers and terrorism as the result of forced recruitment and also by extremist ideologies and their inability to obtain security, food, power, prestige, education, and positive life options through civilian means. Using an example from Sierra Leone, this article shows that peace education is an…

  5. Strengthening Peace Research and Peace Education in African ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    where new courses such as peace, conflict and security studies are offered. ... and conflict research was conducted within the many social science ... children, youth, and adults to prevent conflict and violence, both overt and structural; ..... its western origin and as such remains substantially divorced from African realism and.

  6. Child Soldiers, Peace Education, and Postconflict Reconstruction for Peace

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wessells, Michael

    2005-01-01

    Worldwide, children are drawn into lives as soldiers and terrorism as the result of forced recruitment and also by extremist ideologies and their inability to obtain security, food, power, prestige, education, and positive life options through civilian means. Using an example from Sierra Leone, this article shows that peace education is an…

  7. Cosmopolitanism and Peace in Kant's Essay on "Perpetual Peace"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huggler, Jorgen

    2010-01-01

    Immanuel Kant's essay on Perpetual Peace (1795/96) contains a rejection of the idea of a world government (earlier advocated by Kant himself). In connexion with a substantial argument for cosmopolitan rights based on the human body and its need for a space on the surface of the Earth, Kant presents the most rigorous philosophical formulation ever…

  8. Applied Foundations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kohlenbach, Ulrich

    2002-01-01

    A central theme in the foundations of mathematics, dating back to D. Hilbert, can be paraphrased by the following question "How is it that abstract methods (`ideal elements´) can be used to prove `real´ statements e.g. about the natural numbers and is this use necessary in principle?"...

  9. Bucket foundations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Foglia, Aligi; Ibsen, Lars Bo

    In this report, bearing behaviour and installation of bucket foundations are reviewed. Different methods and standards are compared with the experimental data presented in Foglia and Ibsen (2014a). The most important studies on these topics are suggested. The review is focused on the response...

  10. Teaching Vocabulary for Peace Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Matos, Francisco Gomes

    2002-01-01

    Shows English-as-a-Second-Language educators how vocabulary teaching can become humanizingly meaningful through the use of techniques inspired by some of the interdependent traditions to peace, and to make a plea for ESL teachers and learners to humanize their repertoires of best practices in vocabulary teaching and learning. (Author/VWL)

  11. Cultures, Global Worlds and Peace

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria-José Cano

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This article is focused on the works that derive from the field of study about peace and, more specifically, the theory relating to imperfect peace, developed by a group of researchers some years ago. Francisco A. Muñoz, researcher from Granada (Andalusia, Spain was the originator of this theory at the beginning of the 2000 and afterwards, it was applied by other academics to different fields related to the study of peace. The central theme of our work is to analyse the cultural field and the mediating role of cultures in the peaceful regulation of conflicts, considering that all human activity has cultural connotations. We will talk about cultures, not as isolated entities that are geographically delimited, but as interrelating spaces that give rise to social structures in which changes and transformations, ideas and ways of acting (ranging from the personal to the social, the political and the international occur that may be common, shared and compatible. These cultural aspects will be studied from the method or perspective called Peace Research, discipline which allow us analysing, among others, the social and culture phenomena that form part of historical processes in different places and times. The main topic will be focussed on the religious aspect, as one of the cultural identifying and its influence on identities, although other cultural dimensions could be studied (economical, political, environmental or educational. Additionally, we are setting our analysis on the world stage, where cultures and all human activity unfold today. Current globalization is a process that affects most of our reality: economic models, the market, nationalisms, international relations, relationships between cultures and religions, gender relations, education, etc. In all these spheres, problems and conflicts are generated that cannot be understood if we do not consider them to be ‘global problems’. Once the results of our study are reached, we can

  12. OF THE PRESENT TO THE FUTURE: EDUCATION FOR PEACE TO THE PEDAGOGY FOR PEACE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amaral Palevi Gómez-Arévalo

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This chapter is a theoretical analysis contributes to an initial structuring of Pedagogy for Peace today, from their field of study: Education for Peace. We intend to show both theoretical, practical, disciplined, methodical and scientific maturity that owns the Peace Education at this time, to structure Pedagogy for Peace. An analysis of disciplinary and educational support realization of Pedagogy for Peace is made, which includes educational models, approaches, content, keystones and applied methodologies. A main point of analysis is the existence of a specific type of teacher: Educator / a for Peace. This educator / a is a key to educational activities around peacebuilding practice carried factor.

  13. Atoms for Peace after Fifty Years

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Joeck, N; Lehman, R; Vergino, E; Schock, R

    2004-03-15

    President Eisenhower's hopes for nuclear technology still resonate, but the challenges to fulfilling them are much different today. On December 8, 1953, President Eisenhower, returning from his meeting with the leaders of Britain and France at the Bermuda Summit, flew directly to New York to address the United Nations General Assembly. His presentation, known afterwards as the ''Atoms for Peace'' speech, was bold, broad, and visionary. Eisenhower highlighted dangers associated with the further spread of nuclear weapons and the end of the thermonuclear monopoly, but the president also pointed to opportunities. Earlier that year, Stalin had died and the Korean War armistice was signed. Talks on reunification of Austria were about to begin. The speech sought East-West engagement and outlined a framework for reducing nuclear threats to security while enhancing the civilian benefits of nuclear technology. One specific proposal offered to place surplus military fissile material under the control of an ''international atomic energy agency'' to be used for peaceful purposes, especially economic development. Eisenhower clearly recognized the complex interrelationships between different nuclear technologies and the risks and the benefits that accrue from each. The widespread use of civilian nuclear technology and absence of any use of a nuclear weapon during the next half-century reflects success in his approach. Today, the world faces choices about nuclear technology that have their parallels in the Eisenhower calculus and its legacy. Although his specific fissile material proposal was never implemented, his broader themes gave impetus to agreements such as the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) and institutions such as the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). The resulting governance process has promoted some and restricted other nuclear technology. Perhaps even more influential was Eisenhower's overarching

  14. Atoms for Peace after 50 Years

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joeck, N.; Lehman, R. F.; Vergino, E. S.; Schock, R. N.

    2004-03-20

    President Eisenhower's hopes for nuclear technology still resonate, but the challenges to fulfilling them are much different today. On December 8, 1953, President Eisenhower, returning from his meeting with the leaders of Britain and France at the Bermuda Summit, flew directly to New York to address the United Nations General Assembly. His presentation, known afterwards as the "Atoms for Peace" speech, was bold, broad, and visionary. Eisenhower highlighted dangers associated with the further spread of nuclear weapons and the end of the thermonuclear monopoly, but the president also pointed to opportunities. Earlier that year, Stalin had died and the Korean War armistice was signed. Talks on reunification of Austria were about to begin. The speech sought East-West engagement and outlined a framework for reducing nuclear threats to security while enhancing the civilian benefits of nuclear technology. One specific proposal offered to place surplus military fissile material under the control of an "international atomic energy agency" to be used for peaceful purposes, especially economic development. Eisenhower clearly recognized the complex interrelationships between different nuclear technologies and the risks and the benefits that accrue from each. The widespread use of civilian nuclear technology and absence of any use of a nuclear weapon during the next half-century reflects success in his approach. Today, the world faces choices about nuclear technology that have their parallels in the Eisenhower calculus and its legacy. Although his specific fissile material proposal was never implemented, his broader themes gave impetus to agreements such as the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) and institutions such as the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). The resulting governance process has promoted some and restricted other nuclear technology. Perhaps even more influential was Eisenhower's overarching recommendation that we try to reduce the risks and seek the

  15. The pastor as model for peaceful existence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Terence Cooke

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Many people are disillusioned in the democratic South Africa. That is because they went out from the assumption that with the dawn of democracy, violence would disappear. Unfortunately this did not happen. As with most things in life it is not an either � or, but a both � and scenario. In fact, violence is part of the democratic system. Real peace between men and powers can only be the peace of God, the peace which alone heals all disorder. The peace of the world is at best peaceful coexistence, not peace.In South Africa we have a negotiated agreement to peaceful coexistence, and sometimes, for example, after the miracle of the 1994 election and the euphoria of the World Cups of 1995, 2007 and 2010, we may even think we have achieved real peace. It is indeed in these times of euphoria that the people of South Africa may be tempted to lower our aim and settle for second best thinking that we have arrived.Model is used not in the sense of the pastor being an example of a peaceful existence to be followed. It is rather used in the sense that a pastor in his or her professional capacity has the knowledge of the meaning of the term �peaceful existence� and also the hermeneutic competency to apply that knowledge in concrete situations. This opens the exiting possibility that pastors can become travel companions on the road to real peace.The different aspects of being a pastor, office bearer, professional and person, each contribute to the pastor being a model for peace. It must be emphasised that the different aspects always work together as a unity and the strength of the pastor as a model for a peaceful existence is in the simultaneous application of these aspects in the context in which the pastor lives.

  16. On Peace: Peace as a Means of Statecraft

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-06-01

    relationship between peace, man, and the state will be examined. Philosophers such as Hobbes, Locke, and Hegel share a common understanding of the natural...contract based on interdependence sustains it.22 In contrast to Kant, Hegel believed that “perpetual peace” is a chimera because relations between...20. Ibid., p. 212. 21. Allen W. Wood, ed., Basic Writings of Kant, New York: Modern Library, 2001, p. 441. 22. Ibid., p. 442. 23. G. W. F. Hegel

  17. Peace is better business, and business makes better peace: The role of the private sector in Colombian peace processes

    OpenAIRE

    Rettberg, Angelika

    2013-01-01

    The involvement of business in peace negotiations and peacebuilding has become a standard concern for countries involved in transitions from armed conflict. This article sheds light on the recent history of the private sector's role in peace processes in Colombia – a country that has been engulfed by conflict for almost five decades. The present paper illustrates how business perceptions and behavior have evolved throughout various attempts at negotiating peace, revealing that both the percei...

  18. Peace is better business, and business makes better peace: The role of the private sector in Colombian peace processes

    OpenAIRE

    Rettberg, Angelika

    2013-01-01

    The involvement of business in peace negotiations and peacebuilding has become a standard concern for countries involved in transitions from armed conflict. This article sheds light on the recent history of the private sector's role in peace processes in Colombia – a country that has been engulfed by conflict for almost five decades. The present paper illustrates how business perceptions and behavior have evolved throughout various attempts at negotiating peace, revealing that both the percei...

  19. Peace and Conflict Research in the Age of the Cholera: Ten Pointers to the Future of Peace Studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galtung, Johan

    1996-01-01

    Presents 10 pointers that can lead to constructive peace making. Covers issues such as a definition of peace; the training of peace workers; the role of the state system in creating conflict; legitimizing peace actions; and suggestions for future peace creation. Discusses the links between direct, structural, and cultural violence. (DSK)

  20. Peace and Conflict Research in the Age of the Cholera: Ten Pointers to the Future of Peace Studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galtung, Johan

    1996-01-01

    Presents 10 pointers that can lead to constructive peace making. Covers issues such as a definition of peace; the training of peace workers; the role of the state system in creating conflict; legitimizing peace actions; and suggestions for future peace creation. Discusses the links between direct, structural, and cultural violence. (DSK)

  1. Scientists forging hope for peace

    CERN Multimedia

    Chui, G

    2004-01-01

    "As hopes for peace flare and fade in the Middle East, traditional enemies are working to build the region's first major center for cutting-edge research.....The project, called SESAME, is under construction in Jordan, which has donated a site and about $8 million in construction funding. The Palestinian Authority and nine countries, including Egypt, Iran, Israel and Pakistan, have signed on as members" (1 page).

  2. History, Culture, Peace: Rumi Mevlana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alina Beatrice Cheşcă

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Along the history, for so many centuries, Rumi Mawlana – perhaps the most loved mystical poet of all times – has been alive and talking to people of all cultures through the language of love, peace, faith and true kindness. This remarkable man has always transcended the boundaries of time, space, race, religion, considering that “Love is the very meaning of creation and life”. It would not be an exaggeration to assert that the history of humankind would have been a paradise if human beings had followed such principles like peace, love and understanding. Rumi Mawlana created a splendid, humanitarian and universal type of art, culture and mentality; his message is God’s message to humankind: friendship, hope, generosity, peace, beauty, in one word: Love and happiness in all forms. Thus, he used his huge poetic talent not only in order to touch people’s hearts, but also to reach the most splendid goal of the human race: that of making people more sensitive to the eternal and most important human values.

  3. Is peace not for everyone? : Narratives on a struggle for peace, equality and development in Sudan

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Verwijk, M

    2012-01-01

    Once again, the award of the 2011 Nobel Peace Prize focused our attention on the vital role women play in conflict resolution. However, what do we really know about their role in peace processes? Do women count, as declared by the Security Council in Resolution 1325 on women, peace and security? Mor

  4. Peace Begins with Me--Celebrating United Nations World Peace Day

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gerlach, Jeanette E.

    2009-01-01

    By integrating the concept of peace into the school curriculum, children can be taught that peaceful resolution of conflicts is a desirable goal for them, personally, as well as the world at large. Staff members at Orange-Ulster School in Monroe, New York, took on the challenge of integrating the concept of peace into the curriculum. They soon…

  5. Education for a Culture of Peace: The Culture of Peace News Network as a Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adams, David

    2013-01-01

    The Culture of Peace News Network, an internet news service, is analyzed in the framework of a general approach to education for a culture of peace. Its format reflects the eight program areas for a culture of peace as adopted by the UN General Assembly. Among its other operating principles are universality of news with all cultures and regions of…

  6. Development of Peace Education in India (Since Independence). Peace Education Miniprints No. 95.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prasad, Surya Nath

    The development of peace education in India is discussed in this booklet. Although India has made many contributions to the theory and practice of peace work (the non-violent movement led by Mahatma Gandhi), peace education in the form of university courses or special curricula for schools is seldom encountered. However, signs of interest in peace…

  7. Peace Education: Perspectives from Malta and England. Peace Education Miniprints No. 25.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calleja, James; Daffern, Thomas

    The project group "Preparedness for Peace" at the Malmo School of Education in Sweden studies ways of helping children and young people to deal constructively with questions of peace and war. As part of this work, experts with special interest and competence in areas related to peace education are interviewed. This publication explores…

  8. Books, Not Bombs: Teaching Peace since the Dawn of the Republic. Peace Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howlett, Charles; Harris, Ian,

    2010-01-01

    "Books Not Bombs: Teaching Peace Since the Dawn of the Republic" is an important work relevant to peace scholars, practitioners, and students. This incisive book offers an exciting and comprehensive historical analysis of the origins and development of peace education from the creation of the New Republic at the end of the Eighteenth Century to…

  9. Israel: the Division before Peace

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferran Izquierdo Brichs

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available The process of the Middle East peace negotiations at the beginning of the 1990s has its roots in the changes in the international system and in Israeli society. The end of the Cold War, the Gulf War in 1990-1991 and globalization forced all the region’s actors to resituate themselves within the new international context. However, Israeli society neither experienced the international changes in the same way as its neighbors nor did it undergo the same evolutionduring the conflict with the Arabs. Because of this, the debate over peace and the future of the occupied territories became a factor for political and ideological division. Influencing this debate were revised conceptions on security, the economy, and the role Israel should play in the world. The Middle East peace talks began because the strongest side in the conflict, Israel’s Labor government, came to perceive that the maintenance of the status quo was negative forits interests. From the Israeli point of view, the conflict had long been considered a zero-sum game despite the Palestinian’s compromises since the construction of the Palestinian State involved handing over part of the territory claimed by the Jews. Recent changes in the perceptions of Israeli’s own interests, though, led some sectors of Jewish society to re-think and diminish the supposed incompatibility between Palestine nationalism and Zionism, which then opened the doors towards peace. For the Labor government, the territorial occupation of all Palestine was no longer a central objective. In fact, the basic interests of the Labor party’s policies shifted due to the globalization of the international system. For Likud and the Zionist revisionists, however, the occupation and the colonization of Eretz Israel still form the basic ideology of the State –of its reason for being– for which even today both are associated with the national interest, together with Israel’s very survival. Seen this way, Israel

  10. A course in Peace Journalism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jake Lynch

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available This article sets out a reasoned and annotated plan for a short course in Peace Journalism, suitable for teaching to students of Journalism, Communications, Media and Peace and Conflict Studies. It is based on courses the author has taught, over many years, and the aim of the article is to help teachers to devise their own courses. The best way to help students to begin thinking about issues in the representation of conflicts, the article argues, is to give them a flavour of it, by showing them different ways in which the same story can be told. The article gives story-boards and scripts for two television news treatments of the same event, a bombing in the Philippines. The first is an example of War Journalism, it is argued; the second, Peace Journalism. The article suggests ways to develop a course from this illustrative starting point, to ask why the distinctions between these two approaches should be considered important - both in their own terms, and in terms of their potential influence on the course of events in conflict. Different approaches to conceptualising and measuring this possible influence are discussed, with suggestions for further exploration. The article recounts some of the author's experiences in introducing and discussing what is, inevitably sometimes, difficult and sensitive material, with groups including participants from conflict-affected countries - Palestine, Israel and the Philippines. Not all students will be aspiring journalists. The article offers brief notes on practical Peace Journalism, as well as showing how learning outcomes can be formulated to allow the same issues to be tackled in the form of a civil society campaign, or as a peace-building intervention in conflict. The article also explains how students can be equipped to question elements of journalistic practice which they may take for granted, and which pass unexamined in many current journalism courses. That, in turn, entails examining the emergence

  11. Peace and development: two sides of the same coin?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viveros Tafur, Memphis Ronald

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available There is the notion that peace and development are positively correlated, that peace drives development and that development drives peace, for Galtung (1985: 147 Peace and Development should be regarded as two sides of the same coin and considers development in relation to peace. This paper shows that peace and development are uncorrelated in several countries where there is peace without development or development without peace. The use of quantitative models as a tool for the analysis is a plus for the findings because most of the related theories are qualitative.

  12. Peace through Institutions: Woodrow Wilson and the Paris Peace Conference

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    As we approach the centennial of World War I, it is fitting to undertake a retrospective, academic review of the institutions devised in the war’s aftermath. The efforts to build and sustain a global order ensuring peace and cooperation in the international community - which ultimately failed with the beginning of a Second World War—constitute telling and timely lessons for world politics today. This paper looks critically at America’s role in World War I, diplomatic talks preceding the signa...

  13. Do democracies promote peace in the lights of democratic peace theory?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatih Balcı

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available It is believed that democracy and peace are inextricably linked, that democracy leads to and causes peace, and that peace cannot be achieved in the absence of democracy. It is an obvious but important starting-point to remember that democracy and peace are not timeless but historical social concepts. Indeed, war itself is a historical product as the negation of peace. Democracy is accepted as the only way for the peaceful world according to the Democratic Peace Theory, but to understand the democratic peace theory, it will be better to ask the question, “What is democracy”? Democratic peace theory’s main argument is that democracies do not fight each other, but “what kind democracies”? In this paper some important points of democracy and the democratic peace theory will be pointed out. This paper gives a perspective of the relationship of democracy and peace, and clarifies the question of “does democracy really promote peace”?

  14. Good journalism or peace journalism?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Loyn

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper argues against the prescriptive notions of Peace Journalism, and in particular its exclusive nature and attempt to define itself as a new orthodoxy. Most of the paper is a critique of the work of Jake Lynch and Annabel McGoldrick, in a book published in 2005, as well as their earlier Reporting the World series. They condemn all other ways of reporting as 'War Journalism, biased in favour of war.' I argue instead that the opposite of Peace Journalism is good journalism. Much of this Peace Journalism argument is derived from the work of Johan Galtung, who accuses 'war journalists' of reporting war in an enclosed space and time, with no context, concealing peace initiatives and making wars 'opaque/secret.' Galtung specifically calls on journalists as part of their mission to search out peace proposals which might begin as something small and beneath notice, but which might then be picked up and owned by politicians as their own. My response is clear and simple: creating peacemaking politicians is not the business of a reporter. I examine the traditional journalistic methods of using objectivity to get at a version of the truth. I concede that perfect truth is unattainable, (and paradoxically the tool of objectivity we use to get there is slippery too. I conclude that a more quotidian truth, or 'truthfulness' is though a manageable goal. I engage with philosophers who examine objectivity, concluding with the assistance of Thomas Nagel that it does still have a value. Nagel's account also has the merit of explaining how practices such as peace-reporting are bound to be less objective than alternatives, 'since they commit themselves to the adoption of particular perspectives, in effect giving up on the ideal of stripping away as much…as possible.' I examine the responses of the so-called 'journalism of attachment' framed as a desire of journalists faced by the horrors of Bosnia to cast off impartiality and emotional detachment and take

  15. The Conditions for Peaceful Transition of Power

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    @@ The foregoing six responses may result in either peace or conflict,which bring about another issue in international relations theory,that is,how to avoid conflict,or in other words,whether peaceful transition of power can be achieved.

  16. Jointly Maintain Peace, Cooperation and Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Tao; Tao

    2015-01-01

    A Speech at China-Mongolia-Russia Trilateral Civil Dialogue&the; International Peace and Security and Promoting Cooperation:the Ulan Bator Meeting Participated by China,Russia and MongoliaI am very happy meeting with Mongolian and Russian friends in beautiful Ulan Bator to jointly discuss peace issues,work on cooperation strategies,and promote development policies.

  17. Contributions of developmental psychology to peace education

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oppenheimer, L.; Salomon, G.; Cairns, E.

    2010-01-01

    According to Resolution A/52/243 of the UN General Assembly (United Nations, 1998), "The purposes and principles of the United Nations . . . has been a major act towards transformation from a culture of war and violence to a culture of peace and non-violence" (p. 1). A culture of peace is then said

  18. Religious Dialogue, World Peace and Social Harmony

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YE XIAOWEN

    2007-01-01

    @@ Ⅰ. The World Peace Requires Religious Dialogues Peace, development and cooperation are the mainstay of the times in the present world, but there are unseen tricky and atrocious flows. The increasing opposition and conflicts are raging between different countries, nations and religions, which are challenging the wisdom and civilization of mankind.

  19. Gender Differences in Peace Education Programmes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yablon, Yaacov Boaz

    2009-01-01

    Peace education programmes have become part of the school curriculum all over the world, as a way to enhance positive relationships between conflict groups. However, although gender differences are being taken into account when planning various educational programmes, this is usually not the case with peace education. The present study aimed to…

  20. Governance and Sustainable Peace in Nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DrNneka

    'negative peace' i.e. the absence of direct violence, war, fear and conflict at individual ... To Aja (2006), “peace is a relative condition of security friendly climate .... a sense of marginalization or deprivation, breeds social crimes and upheavals.

  1. Chichewa Language Manual. Peace Corps Malawi.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Samu, Samu M.

    This Peace Corps guide to individual, independent, or group study of Chichewa provides basic conversational vocabulary and phrases necessary for Peace Corps volunteer survival skills in Malawi. The 20 lessons consist of dialogues, vocabulary, and exercises on these topics: greetings; self-introduction; discussing others; relatives; professions;…

  2. Toward a Critical Peace Education for Sustainability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brantmeier, Edward J.

    2013-01-01

    This article proposes the need for peace education as a field to embrace critical power analysis of place in efforts toward social and environmental sustainability. Rather than status quo reproduction, a critical peace education for sustainability should both elucidate and transform the power dynamics inherent in structural violence and cultural…

  3. Peace-keeping Forces: YA War Books.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crowe Chris

    2000-01-01

    Argues that good young adult books about war can help teenagers appreciate the blessings of peace and the horrors of war, and perhaps may inspire them to do what they can to preserve peace. Describes briefly 71 young adult war books worth reading. (SR)

  4. In the Name of Peace

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    Iver Frigaard, acting police commissioner of the UN Mission in Kosovo, awards a UN peacekeeping medal to Wu Shengguo, captain of the fifth Chinese police contingent in Kosovo, in Pristina on November 16. The other 17 members of Wu’s squad were also awarded at the same ceremony in recognition of their contributions to maintaining peace and stability in Kosovo. Chinese civilian police personnel first joined UN peacekeeping operations in Kosovo in 2004. The fifth contingent will end its oneyear term next March.

  5. Global health diplomacy and peace.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kickbusch, Ilona; Buss, Paulo

    2011-09-01

    Diplomacy and health are in a period of rapid transition, so this article elaborates on the complex multilevel, multiactor negotiation processes that shape and manage the global policy environment for health. It explores the dynamic relationship between health and foreign policy and provides examples from the national, regional, and global levels. Reflecting on the deliberations in different international bodies, it discusses key questions and opportunities that could contribute to moving forward both health and peace agendas. The concluding remarks draw attention to the importance of bridging the capacity gap.

  6. Peace maintenance and political messages

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    McAtackney, Laura

    2011-01-01

    The role of wall murals – as both territorial markers and as a means of maintaining and reinforcing identity – has been a frequent subject of study as a way of understanding the recent conflict in Northern Ireland, euphemistically known as ‘the Troubles’ (c. 1969–c. 1998). Whilst the heightened p......-essentializing their existence. It is suggested that there is a need to contextualize and consider the current and potential role of walls in the maintenance of peace and facilitating a ‘new’ Northern Ireland....

  7. Engaged Learning and Peace Corps Service in Tanzania: An Autoethnography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Darling, Brianna; Thorp, Laurie; Chung, Kimberly

    2014-01-01

    The Peace Corps Masters International program offers students the opportunity to combine their Peace Corps service with their master's education. This article demonstrates how classroom learning strengthened the author's Peace Corps service in Tanzania, which in turn strengthened her master's thesis. Peace Corps supports an approach to community…

  8. PEACE: A Feeling You Have in Your Heart

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Kim

    2006-01-01

    The author believes that very young children are able to understand the abstract concept of peace. In her primary classroom she introduces the concept of peace to the children in a low energy environment with low lights, and soft music. When children feel at peace in their hearts, they relate peacefully to those around them. She begins with the…

  9. Building of Peace and Reconciliation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vera Vohlídalová

    2000-06-01

    Full Text Available Two projects were opened on October 30, 1995 in Dresden under the patronage of both presidents Václav Havel, President of the Czech Republic, and Roman Herzog, President of the Federal Republic of Germany, with the aim to be a step towards furthering peace and good relations between neighbours and as a demonstration of human understanding. These projects were the establishment of regular meetings between Czech and German youth (the first one took place in Polika in September 1996 and the construction of a new building for The Research Library of Liberec on the site where one of the largest synagogues of Central Europe once stood. This synagogue was burnt and completely destroyed by the Nazis during „Kristallnacht“ (Crystal Night November 9 - 10, 1938.

  10. Peace through a healing transformation of human dignity: possibilities and dilemmas in global health and peace.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perry, Donna J

    2013-01-01

    Collective violence leads to grievous harm for affected populations, impacting both combatants and noncombatants. In recent years there has been an increased focus on the relationship between peace and health, with the World Health Organization calling for health professionals to engage in efforts to promote peace. While the notion of "health as a bridge for peace" is promising, there are many ambiguities in this emerging field, creating moral and practical dilemmas. In this manuscript I will discuss some of the challenges within the paradigm of health and peace using an exemplar of my research within the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.

  11. A Ballade in Praise of Peace

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1995-01-01

    SINGING the praise of peace and fighting against wars of aggression is the common desire of mankind. It is also part of the theme of the UN Fourth World Conference on Women, which is "equality, development and

  12. Message On the International Day Of Peace

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ban; Ki-moon

    2014-01-01

    <正>23rdSeptember 2014Today is the International Day of Peace.Each year,on this day,the United Nations calls for a global ceasefire.We ask combatants to put down their arms so all can breathe the air of peace.Armed conflict causes untold grief to families,communities and entire countries.Too many are suffering today at the brutal hands of wvarmongers and terrorists.

  13. A Notice Soliciting Contribution to Peace Quarterly

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    Dear readers at home and abroad:Peace quarterly in English is published by the Chinese People’s Association for Peace and Disarmament(CPAPD)since its founding in June 1985.Over the past 30 years,we have received kind support from all your readers in China and overseas.We wish to take this opportunity to express our appreciation to you all from the bottom of our hearts.

  14. Peace Journalism and Gatekeeping in North Cyprus

    OpenAIRE

    2006-01-01

    Conflicts live everywhere in the world and journalists report them. The situation in Cyprus is similar. We investigated how the media reconcile the Turkish Cypriot and Greek Cypriot communities and how the media contribute to the peace process in Cyprus. I believe that the journalists in both communities can play important roles in bringing a peaceful solution to the island. The basic aims of this paper are to look at the news selection processes of North Cyprus news media a...

  15. Peace through Institutions: Woodrow Wilson and the Paris Peace Conference

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Burak Küntay

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available As we approach the centennial of World War I, it is fitting to undertake a retrospective, academic review of the institutions devised in the war’s aftermath. The efforts to build and sustain a global order ensuring peace and cooperation in the international community - which ultimately failed with the beginning of a Second World War—constitute telling and timely lessons for world politics today. This paper looks critically at America’s role in World War I, diplomatic talks preceding the signature of the treaty of Versailles, and domestic and international reactions to President Woodrow Wilson’s signature idealism.The paper begins with a historical overview of how World War I began in Europe in an effort to contextualize the entrance of the United States in 1917, two and a half years after the war began. Since Woodrow Wilson originally promoted American neutrality, and U.S. public opinion had mostly favored isolationism until World War I, Wilson’s presidency represents a historic shift in American foreign policy to interventionism and eventually, its post-Cold War “global policeman” status. Assessing the main actors of WWI and America’s role in it serves to frame Woodrow Wilson’s asymmetrical reception within his own country. In the U.S., Wilson’s foreign affairs record is characterized by his intervention in Mexico, his original attempt to remain uninvolved in Europe’s war, and his failed attempt to keep peace after the war. Wilson garnered domestic support for U.S. entrance with his call to “make the world safe for democracy.” Using such overt idealistic rhetoric in the foreign policymaking decision process was novel at the time, but sounds all too familiar today. Post-WWI, Wilson’s fight with Congress and the U.S. not entering into the League of Nations resembles rifts between U.S. administrations and their Congresses in recent times, and it arguably indirectly contributed to the occurrence of the World War II. As U

  16. Reimagining peace, reimagining education: Peace educational potential of social media

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Ayaz Naseem

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract In this paper I examine the potential of blogosphere for civic education. My main argument is that in in-crisis societies such as Pakistan the blogosphere is a space where conversations and multilogues on issues that are crucial to societal regeneration are taking place. These conversations and multilogues in/through the blogosphere are democratic and inclusive in that they are not confined by the traditional articulations of ‘expertise’, privilege and subject positioning. Neither the writer nor those who participate in the ensuing conversation are or have to be experts in a disciplinary sense. They are not privileged by credentials or by their positioning in the ‘knowledge’ hierarchy. Any and all agents of the civil society can either start or engage in these multilogues, many of which directly or indirectly, focus on issues of national and societal self-regeneration. Abstrak Dalam makalah ini saya meneliti potensi ruang-blog (blogosphere untuk pendidikan kewarganegaraan. Argumen utama saya adalah bahwa dalam masyarakat yang sedang dilanda krisis seperti Pakistan ruang-blog (blogosphere merupakan ruang di mana percakapan dan interaksi percakapan tentang isu-isu yang sangat penting bagi regenerasi sosial, berlangsung. Percakapan dan multilogues melalui ruang-blog ini bersifat demokratis dan inklusif karena tidak dibatasi oleh artikulasi tradisional yang mencirikan 'keahlian', pengaturan posisi berdasarkan hak istimewa dan subjek masalah. Baik penulis maupun orang-orang yang berpartisipasi dalam percakapan tidak harus ahli dalam disiplin tertentu. Mereka tidak diberi hak istimewa atas dasar prestasi atau posisi mereka dalam hirarki 'pengetahuan' . Setiap dan semua masyarakat sipil dapat memulai atau terlibat dalam interaksi percakapan ini, banyak di antara mereka yang baik langsung maupun tidak langsung, berfokus pada isu-isu regenerasi diri di tingkat nasional dan masyarakat.How to Cite : Naseem, M., A. (2015. Reimagining Peace

  17. Representations of Peace in News Discourse: Viewpoint and Opportunity for Peace Journalism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lea Mandelzis

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available This study presents a news discourse analysis of a case in which the dominant political and ideological discourse of conflict and violence gave way to optimism and hopes for peace in Israel. It offers a profile of three types of discourse used by Israeli print news media in the context of 'peace' and 'war' in the immediate aftermath of the Oslo Accords signed on September 13, 1993. By this time, the Israeli media had already demonstrated a dramatic change in attitude and terminology: The familiar war discourse was rapidly being replaced by peace representations and peace images. The assumption of the study is that overuse of the term 'peace' at a time of revolutionary change in Israeli socio-political practice not only detracted from Israeli peace perspectives and beliefs, but also caused news discourses to deteriorate into war discourses. The purpose of the study was to uncover the role of the contextual system developed to communicate specific topics relating to 'peace' representations in news discourse and the negative socio-political consequences of the incompatibility of discourse types with actual political conditions at a given time. The findings suggest that inter-textual representations of 'war' and 'peace' led to a discourse type which imposed unwanted meanings upon itself. It also suggests that certain types of news discourse, such as reconciliation, peace and war reporting, may be important in establishing the proper relations between discourse, language, media and the meaning of peace because of the essential role that the mass media play, not only in war coverage, but, no less important, also in peace reporting. Ultimately, inappropriate discourse at a given time may lessen the chances of building trust among peoples and nations.

  18. Second-Order Learning and Education for Peace: Eva Nordland and the Project "Preparedness for Peace." Peace Education Miniprints No. 54.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bjerstedt, Ake

    This interview explores the views of Eva Norland, an educational researcher and peace activist. A discussion of peace education examines definitions, school contribution, age levels, teacher training, and instructional approach. Eva Norland offers her opinion on the concept of peace from environmental development, solidarity work, human rights,…

  19. Is peace not for everyone? : Narratives on a struggle for peace, equality and development in Sudan : Narratives on a struggle for peace, equality and development in Sudan

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Verwijk, M

    2012-01-01

    Once again, the award of the 2011 Nobel Peace Prize focused our attention on the vital role women play in conflict resolution. However, what do we really know about their role in peace processes? Do women count, as declared by the Security Council in Resolution 1325 on women, peace and security? Mor

  20. Is peace not for everyone? : Narratives on a struggle for peace, equality and development in Sudan : Narratives on a struggle for peace, equality and development in Sudan

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Verwijk, M

    2012-01-01

    Once again, the award of the 2011 Nobel Peace Prize focused our attention on the vital role women play in conflict resolution. However, what do we really know about their role in peace processes? Do women count, as declared by the Security Council in Resolution 1325 on women, peace and security? Mor

  1. Is peace not for everyone? : Narratives on a struggle for peace, equality and development in Sudan : Narratives on a struggle for peace, equality and development in Sudan

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Verwijk, M

    2012-01-01

    Once again, the award of the 2011 Nobel Peace Prize focused our attention on the vital role women play in conflict resolution. However, what do we really know about their role in peace processes? Do women count, as declared by the Security Council in Resolution 1325 on women, peace and security?

  2. Six International Conferences of PEC (The Peace Education Commission). Peace Education Miniprints No. 87.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bjerstedt, Ake

    This pamphlet offers an overview of five larger reports in order to facilitate the process of locating contributions originating from five peace conferences between 1990-1994. The Peace Education Commission (PEC) arranged five conferences in Groningen (The Netherlands), Firenze (Italy), Kyoto (Japan), Budapest (Hungary) and Valletta (Malta). A…

  3. Promoting Peace, yet Sustaining Conflict? A Fantasy-Theme Analysis of Seeds of Peace Publications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Engstrom, Craig

    2009-01-01

    Seeds of Peace is a nongovernmental organization that annually brings together children from the Middle East and various other regions of conflict for a summer camp experience in the woods of Maine, USA. It also operates coexistence centers throughout the world. Founded in 1993, the organization has gained worldwide acclaim for its peace education…

  4. Empathy for Interpersonal Peace: Effects of Peace Education on Empathy Skills

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sagkal, Ali Serdar; Turnuklu, Abbas; Totan, Tarik

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this research was to examine the effects of Peace Education Program on the sixth grade elementary students' empathy levels. The research was carried out using pretest-posttest control group quasi-experimental design. While Peace Education Program was applied on experiment group; control group has not been provided any treatment. The…

  5. Living Peace: An Exploration of Experiential Peace Education, Conflict Resolution and Violence Prevention Programs for Youth

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hettler, Shannon; Johnston, Linda M.

    2009-01-01

    The authors review the types of experiential peace education programs available to teens in the US and provide a classification guide for educators, parents, other concerned adults and teens who may be interested in developing conflict, peace and/or violence prevention knowledge, skills and attitudes. The authors identify experiential programs in…

  6. Governing the Israeli-Palestinian peace process: The European Union Partnership for Peace

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    İşleyen, B.

    2015-01-01

    This study applies a governmentality approach to analyse the European Union’s civil society promotion in the context of the Israeli-Palestinian peace process through the EU’s Partnership for Peace instrument. Contrary to a widespread conviction in earlier academic research, it argues that the EU eng

  7. Peace Process Pedagogy: Lessons from the No-Vote Victory in the Colombian Peace Referendum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gomez-Suarez, Andrei

    2017-01-01

    Is there a need for a new field within Peace Education that looks at the complex dynamics of transitional societies in the post-truth era? What formal and informal pedagogical strategies might be best suited for transforming "emotional anti-peace mindsets?" Drawing on practical examples from the complex political contingencies in…

  8. Governing the Israeli-Palestinian peace process: The European Union Partnership for Peace

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    İşleyen, B.

    2015-01-01

    This study applies a governmentality approach to analyse the European Union’s civil society promotion in the context of the Israeli-Palestinian peace process through the EU’s Partnership for Peace instrument. Contrary to a widespread conviction in earlier academic research, it argues that the EU

  9. Promoting Peace, yet Sustaining Conflict? A Fantasy-Theme Analysis of Seeds of Peace Publications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Engstrom, Craig

    2009-01-01

    Seeds of Peace is a nongovernmental organization that annually brings together children from the Middle East and various other regions of conflict for a summer camp experience in the woods of Maine, USA. It also operates coexistence centers throughout the world. Founded in 1993, the organization has gained worldwide acclaim for its peace education…

  10. My Journey as a Peace Educator. Peace Education Miniprints No. 100.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmidt, Fran

    This paper discusses the need to prepare teachers as agents for a culture of peace. It notes that the core values in a culture of peace are environmental sustainability, cultural diversity, human solidarity, social responsibility, and gender equality. For each of these values, there is a complementary human capacity to be developed through teacher…

  11. Sri Lanka: In peace or in pieces? A critical approach to peace education in Sri Lanka

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lopes Cardozo, M.T.A.

    2008-01-01

    This article seeks to explore the 'two faces of education' through a critical analysis of peace education in Sri Lanka. It aims to contribute to the wider debate on the complex role of education in situations of conflict. The article starts with an overview of what peace education is, or should be.

  12. The Danish Industrial Foundations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, Steen

    Industrial foundations are foundations that own companies. Typically, they combine charitable and business goals. This book is about industrial foundation ownership of business companies and what we can learn about it from the Danish evidence. It is about how foundation ownership is ruled, taxed...... and governed, what role it plays in the Danish economy, and how industrial foundation-owned companies perform. The book is the result of a large collaborative research project, led by the author, on industrial foundations. Some global companies such as IKEA, Robert Bosch or the Tata Group are foundation...

  13. Malawi: the Peace Corps challenges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roth, R L

    1996-12-01

    An acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) prevention project was begun in Malawi in January 1993 by Peace Corps Malawi. 23 workers strive: 1) to offer health education and counseling with regard to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and AIDS in district hospitals, health centers, and health clinics; 2) to encourage the participation of community groups in AIDS prevention, education, and counseling support activities; and 3) to implement AIDS education in primary and secondary schools. Volunteer activities include health education, home-based care, school programs (drama groups, peer counseling), income-generating activities, condom distribution, and formation of district committees and sub-committees. Target groups include women and youth. Sexual health is promoted. Malawian counterparts are being trained by the volunteers to ensure sustainability; local volunteers are becoming important as resources become scarce. The program is becoming decentralized as it moves into the villages, and community groups are increasing in number. Obstacles include: 1) the lack of resources; 2) the fact that the District AIDS Coordinators are also clinical officers and medical assistants and so can serve only part time; 3) the cultural taboos that make discussion of certain topics difficult; 4) the political system; 5) illiteracy among women; 6) drug abuse among youth; and 7) the difficulty of remaining separated from one's work when one is surrounded by clients, including coworkers, who are HIV positive.

  14. Strategies for Integrating Peace Education into Social Studies ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    gold

    2012-07-26

    Jul 26, 2012 ... aimed the elimination of groups' prejudice, stereotypes and hatred which ... to become aware and conscious of their immediate social and physical ... cohesion and peace, one therefore wonders how peace education could ...

  15. A roadmap to peace. Journey metaphors in political speeches on the Middle East peace process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Assunta Caruso

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract – This paper investigates the metaphorical conceptualization of peace by former leaders George W. Bush, Ariel Sharon, and Mahmoud Abbas. Specifically, it examines how peace/the peace process is conceptualized via metaphors through the notion of JOURNEY and MOVEMENT. The corpus in this study comprises twenty speeches given by the three politicians over a four-year period (2002-2005. The corpus data is analyzed using a combination of different methods. The tools are mainly Conceptual Metaphor Theory (Lakoff and Johnson 1980, the MIPVU procedure (Steen et al. 2010, and Critical Metaphor Analysis (Charteris-Black 2004. Findings reveal that JOURNEY metaphors are a vital and common part of the three politicians’ political discourse. Overall, there are very few metaphors for peace unique to the individual politicians. The main differences observed lie not in which metaphors are used, but in what aspects of peace or the peace process they are used to highlight.Keywords: metaphor identification, conceptual metaphor, Critical Metaphor Analysis, political discourse, peace.

  16. Peace Education Challenges towards the Creation of a Culture of Peace

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evelyn Cerdas-Agüero

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available These paper deals with peace education and the recognition of violence as a main problem towards the process of creating a culture of peace. The purpose of this essay is to generate a reflection about challenges –such as violence, faced by peace education in order to contribute to a process to create a culture of peace.  It suggests peace education as a pedagogical process for learning how not to learn and practice violence and to practice how to live in peace in any kind of human relationship. This paper concludes that violence expressions –either structural, direct or cultural, that has affected children, women and young people in Latin America determine the achievement of their human rights and the creation of a Culture of Peace. Therefore, a transformation process becomes necessary    -initially at individual level, in order to renew hope, recognize autonomy, construct life, think about the tenderness, and be solidary people.  

  17. Web-based collaboration technology and requirements for peace operations

    OpenAIRE

    Spivey, Madalyn A.

    2002-01-01

    Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. Peace Operations include Peace Making, Peace Building, and Peace Support. Although information-sharing systems may exist within individual organizations, to date no interoperable information regime exists that can link all players who participate in providing aid during a Complex Humanitarian Emergency. Effective information sharing between civilian and military organizations is needed to enhance operational efficiencies, therefore sa...

  18. Legitimising the Juba Peace Agreement on Accountability and Reconciliation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gissel, Line Engbo

    2017-01-01

    This article analyses the Juba peace negotiations on accountability and reconciliation. It advances a new interpretation of the Agreement on Accountability and Reconciliation, focusing on five justice features: National proceedings, restorative accountability, alternative sentencing, individual...... in internationally judicialised peace processes: The need for peace agreement legitimation combined with the legitimacy requirements in such peace processes structurally constitutes the ICC as metaphorically present in the negotiation room and thus akin to a third-party actor....

  19. Nordic Approaches to Peace Operations (in Korean)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jakobsen, Peter Viggo

    A new examination of Nordic approaches to peace operations after the Cold War. It shows how the Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden) remain relevant for the study and practice of post-Cold War peace operations. This unique study is structured around eleven success conditions...... employed by countries around the world. This book will be of great interest to all students of peacekeeping, peace studies, security studies and IR in general....... derived from an analysis of the lessons learned since the early 1990s, ensuring that the results of the case studies are directly comparable. These case studies are supplemented by an analysis of Nordics’ collective efforts to replace their old Cold War peacekeeping model with a new one that meets...

  20. Making Sense of War and Peace

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mogensen, Kirsten

    2016-01-01

    When people tell stories about their past experiences, they often include descriptions that infer changes in trust repertoires over time, especially when the stories relate to serious life dramas like war and peace. A happy ending can make a past war appear meaningful. In this case study, retrosp......When people tell stories about their past experiences, they often include descriptions that infer changes in trust repertoires over time, especially when the stories relate to serious life dramas like war and peace. A happy ending can make a past war appear meaningful. In this case study...... power can provide an alternative framework for sensemaking and trusting. In Aceh, three decades of civil war ended with a peace process in 2005, and extreme distrust was then replaced by institutional trust. Insights from that process are of relevance for the study of trust-repair....

  1. If women are left out of peace talks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gorana Mlinarević

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The exclusion of women from the process of making peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina has diminished the prospects for sustainable peace. When will we learn that no peace can be sustainable and just without the active and meaningful participation of women?

  2. Militarization, Security, and Peace Education: A Guide for Concerned Citizens.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reardon, Betty

    This guide provides a general introduction to the field of peace education, especially the problems of peace and security. Two purposes are to provide a deeper knowledge of the issues and to provide materials, documentation, and information about additional resources and organizations to aid in implementing a peace education program in the…

  3. Hiroshima: A City with Peace as Its Purpose.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nesbitt, Donna

    1998-01-01

    Employs a summary of the story "Sadako and the Thousand Paper Cranes" by Eleanor Coerr as an introduction to the city of Hiroshima's (Japan) quest for world peace, peace education, and strong opposition to nuclear warfare. Discusses various symbols of peace, such as paper cranes in Japanese culture, and offers five teaching activities.…

  4. Kessler Foundation Research Center

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... you, Kessler Foundation researchers have been studying wearable robotic exoskeletons in people with paralysis and weakness, and ... info@kesslerfoundation.org Kessler Foundation 2015 © | accessibility statement | careers | privacy policy | press releases

  5. American Hospice Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Hospice Foundation Skip to content Home Caregiving Learning About Hospice Grief Grieving Children Grief at School Grief at ... for all who come after us. The American Hospice Foundation (AHF) closed its doors in June 2014. ...

  6. Pediatric Brain Tumor Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... you insights into your child's treatment. LEARN MORE Brain tumors and their treatment can be deadly so ... Cancer Foundation joins the PBTF Read more >> Pediatric Brain Tumor Foundation 302 Ridgefield Court, Asheville, NC 28806 ...

  7. Cooley's Anemia Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... role in their lives. Welcome to the Cooley's Anemia Foundation Website The Cooley's Anemia Foundation is dedicated to serving people afflicted with ... major form of this genetic blood disease, Cooley's anemia/thalassemia major. Our mission is advancing the treatment ...

  8. Foundation for Sarcoidosis Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... a Clinical Trial Our mission is to stop sarcoidosis — join us. The sarcoidosis community needs your help ... receive periodic emails from the Foundation. Foundation For Sarcoidosis Research 1820 W. Webster Ave., Ste 304 Chicago, ...

  9. American Vitiligo Research Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... life can acquire vitiligo Welcome to The American Vitiligo Foundation 2017 AVRF Calendars Order your calendar with ... animal testing. Please Visit Our Donations Page American Vitiligo Research Foundation "We Walk By Faith, Not By ...

  10. Skin Cancer Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Host a Fundraising Event | About Us | Store The Skin Cancer Foundation The Skin Cancer Foundation is the only ... Handbook A "Sunscreen Gene"? Skin Cancer Facts & Statistics Skin Cancer Treatment Glossary Information on medications and procedures The ...

  11. Toxicology Education Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... bodies and our world. Welcome to the Toxicology Education Foundation! Our mission is to enhance public understanding ... In with us, follow our Tweets, choose Toxicology Education Foundation as your preferred charity through Smile.Amazon. ...

  12. War and peace in the Internet era

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josep M. Porta Fabregat

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available This article looks to find the ideological causes that lead human beings to war or peace nowadays, in the Internet era. This proposal is worthy of study as war is not a need in terms of human nature or history: we are capable of war and peace simultaneously. However, why does war survive if we are able to live in peace? In our opinion, the actual cause of conflict is fanaticism. This phenomenon comes from the perversion of the two bases of our civilisation: liberty and rationality. This twofold perversion leads us to believe that we are the Absolute, or at least its instrument.Since the fall of the Berlin wall, this kind of fanaticism has come from the generalised conviction that we are at the "end of history"; in this light, one can conclude that this irrationality is definitive and, thus, that any efforts to achieve world peace are useless. However, we believe that the formula for peace can only be derived from reflection and the effective extension around the world of a technical medium that makes communication between all men possible. This would be able to resolve all the perversions of liberty and rationality and make people aware of the infinite distance between us and the Absolute. However, this reflection is not enough. For this awareness to triumph, the technical and ideological situation represented by the Internet has to spread over the whole planet: liberty for those taking part, rationality to allow for communication among all those connected and universal access. This is the moral trend for the Internet, which in itself encourages progress towards world peace.

  13. The media and its involvement in building the culture of peace or violence. A reflectionfor peace studies.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Gabriela Villar García

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this article is to meditate about the role that the mass media have and have had building the culture of peace and symbolic violence and/or culture from the perspective of peace studies. We highlight the concepts of culture of peace, violence, cultural and symbolic violence from a dialectical perspective. We look for a reflection that make the reader understand about building a culture of peace in a historical context framed by violence worldwide.

  14. Teaching peace, transforming conflict? : exploring participants' perceptions of the impact of informal peace education training in Uganda

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    May, A.

    2008-01-01

    Peace education has recemtly become very fashionable but little is known about he outcome and impact of both formal and informal peace-education programmes. This book is an attempt to fill the gap between well-meant intentions and reality by exploring the impact of an informal workshop-style peace-e

  15. The Qualities of Teachers Who Instruct Peace Education: Views of Prospective Teachers' Who Attended the Peace Education Programme

    Science.gov (United States)

    Polat, Soner; Arslan, Yaser; Günçavdi, Gizem

    2016-01-01

    The concept of peace can be described as the values including respecting features such as race, gender, religion, physical appearance, and age; appreciating diversities, unity, cooperation, tolerance and being fair. Related to this, the concept of peace education can be defined as an educational process during which peaceful problem-solving…

  16. Enemy Images, Developmental Psychology, And Peace Education. Peace Education Miniprints No. 29. Petra Hesse and the Project "Preparedness for Peace."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lund Univ. (Sweden). Malmo School of Education.

    An interview on peace education with Petra Hesse, of the Center for Psychological Studies in the Nuclear Age (Cambridge, Massachusetts), is presented. The Center for Psychological Studies in the Nuclear Age was founded out of a concern about children's fears of the future and the risks of nuclear war. Petra Hesse coordinates a research project on…

  17. The Monopod Bucket Foundation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bakmar, Christian LeBlanc; Ahle, Kim; Nielsen, Søren A.;

    2009-01-01

    Following the successful installation of a prototype of a monopod bucket foundation, also called a “monopod suction caisson”, at Horns Rev 2 Offshore Wind Farm, Denmark, in 2009, DONG Energy is currently developing a commercialization strategy. The monopod bucket foundation is a promising...... foundation concept for offshore wind turbines and can be installed using suction assisted penetration, combined with other installation methods. This selfinstalling foundation concept, may avoid the use of expensive jack-ups and scour protection, and thus significantly reduces installation costs. However......, further research, development and prototype testing are required, before the monopod bucket foundation can be commercialized....

  18. Five Years of the Nixon Peace Corps: Politics, Vietnam, and a Post War "Generation of Peace"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tolley, Howard, Jr.

    1974-01-01

    With the arrival of the Nixon Presidency at home and the Vietnam war abroad, the Peace Corps component of the Kennedy New Frontier pursued new directions onto difficult and often hazardous terrain. (Editor)

  19. Promoting peace in engineering education: modifying the ABET criteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Catalano, George D

    2006-04-01

    Modifications to the ABET Criterion 3 are suggested in support of the effort to promote the pursuit of peace in engineering education. The proposed modifications are the result of integrating the United Nations' sponsored "Integral Model of Education for Peace, Democracy and Sustainable Development" into the modern engineering curriculum. The key elements of the model are being at peace with oneself, being at peace with others, and being at peace with the planet. In addition to proposing modifications, specific classroom activities are described and implemented, and students' reactions and the effectiveness of the various exercises are discussed.

  20. Health promotion and world peace: a developmental perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fahlberg, L L; Wolfer, J

    1994-01-01

    To facilitate the inclusion of world peace as a health promotion issue, a theoretical framework is presented that describes a possible relationship between continued personal growth and development and world peace. In this framework, personal health and growth are related to the evolution of human consciousness beyond the adult ego. This personal growth is then viewed as a contribution to the multiple conditions necessary for world peace. Consequently, world peace can be viewed as a personal health issue as well as a social and political issue. So viewed, peace becomes a personal and professional concern in health promotion.

  1. Environmental Foundations in Germany

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas Krikser

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Foundations in Germany were examined in the context of environmental issues. Data from environmental foundations show that there is huge difference between private and public foundations concerning financial settings. Furthermore, environment is often not the only objective and sometimes not even processed. Our analysis shows that there are different types of foundations with regard to environmental scopes and activities. Although “attractive topics” such as biodiversity and landscape conservation seem to be more important to foundations, less visible topics such as pollution prevention remain merely a “blind spot.” Together, these findings suggest that there is only a limited potential of private foundations compared with public foundations. Nevertheless, there might be an impact on environmental awareness and local sustainability.

  2. Seneca Falls: A Women's Demonstration for Peace.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khan, Billie

    1984-01-01

    A reporter gives her personal impressions of the Seneca Falls Women's Encampment for a Future of Peace and Justice and the march by members of the encampment to the Seneca Army Depot. Confrontations between the demonstrators and conservative counterdemonstrators and the army response are also covered. (IS)

  3. The Liberal Peace And Developing Countries

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    S.M. Murshed (Syed)

    2009-01-01

    textabstractThe term liberal peace is employed to explain the absence of fatal conflict between democratic nations that are also economically interdependent. The expression, therefore, has an economic dimension, as well as an element based on a common polity and sets of values. I sketch the ideal an

  4. PEACEFUL LIBERATION USHERS IN A NEW ERA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    On the eve of the 60th anniversary of the peaceful liberation of Tibet, Zhu Weiqun, Executive Vice Minister of the United Front Work Department of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, elaborated on the historic importance of the event in an exclusive interview with China Tibet magazine. Excerpts follow:

  5. Making peace would make much more sense

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Reinhart, T.

    2006-01-01

    There are two narratives about what happened in the Clinton-Assad summit in Geneva. Ours - the only one heard in Israel (and on CNN) - is that Assad just doesn't want peace. "The masks have been unveiled", said Barak, "the Syrian position is not ripe for the decisions which are necessary in orde

  6. Guiding Warfare to Reach Sustainable Peace

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vestenskov, David; Drewes, Line

    The conference report Guiding Warfare to Reach Sustainable Peace constitutes the primary outcome of the conference It is based on excerpts from the conference presenters and workshop discussions. Furthermore, the report contains policy recommendations and key findings, with the ambition of develo...

  7. Land and the Sudanese transition to peace

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Domenico Polloni

    2005-11-01

    Full Text Available Land policy issues are not fully addressed in the Comprehensive Peace Agreement. As IDPs return home, and lay claim to land and water use rights, disputes could threaten stability in south Sudan, the Three Areas, Darfur and eastern Sudan.

  8. A Bibliography of American Peace History.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howlett, Charles

    1986-01-01

    Provides a comprehensive annotated listing of resources for the study and teaching of "peace history." Resources are divided into nine categories: (1) finding aids and broad surveys; (2) archives; (3) secondary sources; (4) monographs; (5) international studies; (6) individual figures; (7) pacifist organizations; (8) insider accounts;…

  9. War and Peace: The Students' Views.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haas, Mary E.

    1986-01-01

    Reviews of studies from 1963 to 1981 on the views of American and international children and teenagers about war and peace were examined for common findings. Kohlberg's Theory of Moral Development is discussed as a way of providing a common, systematic method for additional research. (Author/MT)

  10. Teacher's Handbook. Peace Corps Language Handbook Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clark, Raymond C.

    This handbook is a general introduction to the handbooks, methods, and materials used in Peace Corps language training classes. The first part of the handbook introduces the reader to the nature of language teaching and gives a general introduction to the handbooks. It also provides a more detailed description of the handbooks on (1) communication…

  11. The Liberal Peace And Developing Countries

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    S.M. Murshed (Syed)

    2009-01-01

    textabstractThe term liberal peace is employed to explain the absence of fatal conflict between democratic nations that are also economically interdependent. The expression, therefore, has an economic dimension, as well as an element based on a common polity and sets of values. I sketch the ideal

  12. Sudan and the Not so Comprehensive Peace

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Curless, Gareth; Rodt, Annemarie Peen

    2013-01-01

    This special section examines the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) between the Government of the Republic of the Sudan and the Sudan People's Liberation Movement/Army. It focuses on why the agreement was possible, the challenges involved in reaching and implementing it, and the issues that now...

  13. A Strategic Partnership Peace Support Operations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mandrup, Thomas

    2016-01-01

    and military tools that have characterised traditional UN-led Peace Support Operations. For that reason, the organisation is in the process of setting up robust rapid military capabilities, already having deployed robust military contingents to the DR Congo, Nigeria and Somalia. However, what...

  14. Colombia : Essays on Conflict, Peace, and Development

    OpenAIRE

    Solimano, Andres

    2000-01-01

    A purpose of this book is to present recent World Bank analytical work on the causes of violence and conflict in Colombia, highlighting pilot lending programs oriented to promote peace and development. The Bank's international experiences in post-conflict situations in different countries and their relevance for Colombia are also examined in this volume. The identification of socio-economi...

  15. From Aqaba to Sharm : Fake Peace Festivals

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Reinhart, T.

    2005-01-01

    The Sharm El-Sheikh summit of Sharon and Abbas is hailed in the Western media as the opening of a new era. This is the climax of a wave of optimism that has been generated since the death of Arafat. In the last four years, the Israeli leadership singled Arafat out as the main obstacle for peace.

  16. STUDY AND ANALYSIS OF THE PEACE DISCOURSE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rocio Belandria Cerdeira

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this research has been to determine the conformation of the discourse for peace, through the characterization of the sample under the semantic – pragmatic approach. The sample was comprised by the Declaration and program of action on a peace culture from the UN General Assembly. The onomasiologic and semasiologic route of the text took place. The study is descriptive in nature and the sample was intentional and not probabilistic. The study theoretically starts in the work carried out by Molero (1985, 1998, 2003 and Cabeza and others (2002. The result of the analysis of speech led to the conclusion that the resolution adopted by the General Assembly of the UN agent is a diplomatic, political document; which stated the conditions necessary for the construction of peace between peoples, development of quality of life and human rights. Likewise it is a prescriptive speech, where while explicitly manifest the ability of change agents, not explicitly manifest causing degradation agents; so it does not promote the real commitment of the first world countries in the construction of the culture of peace.

  17. A Peace Education Curriculum for Preprimary Children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freund, Carol A.

    A lead teacher in a privately-owned preschool designed and implemented a peace education program. Primary goals of the practicum used were to provide developmentally appropriate experiences for: (1) increasing understanding of being a peacemaker; (2) gaining respect for nature and the environment; (3) showing compassion toward the exceptional…

  18. Promoting Peace in a Place Called School.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Celia E.; Templeton, Rosalyn Anstine

    To find ways to reduce, violence in schools, the subtle environmental aspects in a school that had integrated peace activities in the curriculum as a means of promoting positive changes in behavior were investigated. The results are presented here. At Peaceable Magnet School 42 kindergarten through eighth grade teachers were trained in peer…

  19. Arms Control, Disarmament, and Peace Newsletters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atkins, Stephen

    1986-01-01

    Considers the research value of four types of newsletters on arms control, disarmament, and peace: direct-action, informational, scholarly, and single-issue. An annotated list of 58 newsletters includes those considered most significant of their type and recommended for library collections. (EM)

  20. Curriculum and Peace in the Middle East.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sheety, Alia

    A study explored how Arabic literature textbooks for the seventh grade in Lebanon, Syria, Egypt, Jordan, the West Bank, and Israel (for Arab schools only) deal with three topics: (1) land; (2) enemy; and (3) hero (in the era of peace). Results indicate that even though former studies provide information about the importance of transferring values…

  1. Making Sense of War and Peace

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mogensen, Kirsten

    2016-01-01

    When people tell stories about their past experiences, they often include descriptions that infer changes in trust repertoires over time, especially when the stories relate to serious life dramas like war and peace. A happy ending can make a past war appear meaningful. In this case study...

  2. Delivering best care in war and peace.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, Alison

    2014-06-24

    Col Alan Finnegan, the fi rst Ministry of Defence professor of nursing, is driving forward research into preparing nurses for deployment and ensuring they deliver the best care possible in war and peace. Research topics range from the role of autonomous practitioners to the effects on soldiers of injuries to their genitalia.

  3. National Science Board Urges "Peace" Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Physics Today, 1972

    1972-01-01

    Presents the five recommendations of the National Science Board in its fourth annual report to Congress. The report, The Role of Engineers and Scientists in a National Policy for Technology,'' calls for a strong commitment to the technologies of peace and is available from the United States Government Printing Office. (PR)

  4. The Person-Centered Approach to Peace.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whiteley, John M.

    1987-01-01

    This article introduces a special issue of the journal dedicated to Carl Rogers' person-centered approach to peace. Background work leading to the special issue is reviewed and a brief overview of Rogers' accomplishments in psychology before his death in 1987 is included. (NB)

  5. "Educating for peace from a society without peace" conditions to build it

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mtro.Juan Romero Morones

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Educating for peace from a society without peace is a proposal based in four conditions. The first condition relates to the human beings´ welfare situation, condition violated by poverty and misery in the world, so long these conditions exist it will be impossible to establish peace. Beyond the practice of living well, it has been proposed “a well living”, based on beings´ equality, no matter if they are human or not, all this in order to find a prosperous life for everyone.The second condition to establish peace refers to respect and concern for living human rights in all areas. The third condition is to promote and ”ead” (educating society into a democratic life, it means that by via policy, peace can be achieved. The fourth condition is the disarmament, this means that guns and bullets don´t govern the people´s fate as has happened so far. Only in the extent that everybody gets involved in an educational process to live these four conditions it will be possible a living peace approach.

  6. Good Fences: The Importance of Setting Boundaries for Peaceful Coexistence

    CERN Document Server

    Rutherford, Alex; Werfel, Justin; Bar-Yam, Shlomiya; Gard-Murray, Alexander; Gros, Andreas; Bar-Yam, Yaneer

    2011-01-01

    We consider the conditions of peace and violence among ethnic groups, testing a theory designed to predict the locations of violence and interventions that can promote peace. Characterizing the model's success in predicting peace requires examples where peace prevails despite diversity. Switzerland is recognized as a country of peace, stability and prosperity. This is surprising because of its linguistic and religious diversity that in other parts of the world lead to conflict and violence. Here we analyze how peaceful stability is maintained. Our analysis shows that peace does not depend on integrated coexistence, but rather on well defined topographical and political boundaries separating groups. Mountains and lakes are an important part of the boundaries between sharply defined linguistic areas. Political canton and circle (sub-canton) boundaries often separate religious groups. Where such boundaries do not appear to be sufficient, we find that specific aspects of the population distribution either guarant...

  7. The viability of peace journalism in Western media environments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kimberly Kelling

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Conversations in peace journalism literature often argue for or against its feasibility in media environments, providing ample evidence of both peace and war journalism practices (Lee & Maslog, 2005; Lee, Maslog, & Kim, 2006; Maslog, Lee, & Kim, 2006. Although Hackett (2006 acknowledges challenges to peace journalism through three theoretical lenses – the hierarchy of influences model, the propaganda model, and the journalistic field model – we argue that peace journalism opportunities do exist and are employed in Western media environments despite those challenges. This theoretical paper consolidates Lee and Maslog’s (2005 peace and war characteristics into a modified peace journalism framework that collapses Galtung’s (2000 orientations into peace/war, people/elite, and solution/victory orientations.

  8. The coexistence of peace and conflict in South America: toward a new conceptualization of types of peace

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Mario Battaglino

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available South America's predominant democratic regimes and its increasing interdependence on regional trade have not precluded the emergence of militarized crises between Colombia and Venezuela or the revival of boundary claims between Chile and Peru. This way, how can we characterize a zone that, in spite of its flourishing democracy and dense economic ties, remain involved in territorial disputes for whose resolution the use of force has not yet been discarded? This article contends that existing classifications of zones of peace are not adequate to explain this unusual coexistence. Thus, its main purpose is to develop a new analytical category of regional peace for assessing this phenomenon: the hybrid peace. It aims to research the evolution of security systems in South America during the previous century and build a new, threefold classification of peace zones: negative peace zones, hybrid peace zones, and positive peace zones.

  9. The Monopod Bucket Foundation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bakmar, Christian LeBlanc; Ahle, Kim; Nielsen, Søren A.

    2009-01-01

    Following the successful installation of a prototype of a monopod bucket foundation, also called a “monopod suction caisson”, at Horns Rev 2 Offshore Wind Farm, Denmark, in 2009, DONG Energy is currently developing a commercialization strategy. The monopod bucket foundation is a promising...... foundation concept for offshore wind turbines and can be installed using suction assisted penetration, combined with other installation methods. This selfinstalling foundation concept, may avoid the use of expensive jack-ups and scour protection, and thus significantly reduces installation costs. However...

  10. The Challenges for Peace Educators at the End of a Millennium.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brock-Utne, Birgit

    1996-01-01

    Analyzes two questions: challenges for peace educators and goals of peace education at the end of the millennium. Discusses the meaning and content of peace education and methods of teaching peace studies. Argues for increased multicultural awareness, envisionment of peaceful alternatives to present society, and increased racial and gender…

  11. Moebius Syndrome Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... to Moebius syndrome Who we are Mission and History Foundation leadership Scientific advisory board Press room Our stories Financial ... to Moebius syndrome » Who we are » Mission and History » Foundation leadership » Scientific advisory board » Press room » Our stories » Financial ...

  12. Foundations for Critical Thinking

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bers, Trudy; Chun, Marc; Daly, William T.; Harrington, Christine; Tobolowsky, Barbara F.

    2015-01-01

    "Foundations for Critical Thinking" explores the landscape of critical-thinking skill development and pedagogy through foundational chapters and institutional case studies involving a range of students in diverse settings. By establishing a link between active learning and improved critical thinking, this resource encourages all higher…

  13. Modelling Foundations and Applications

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 8th European Conference on Modelling Foundations and Applications, held in Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark, in July 2012. The 20 revised full foundations track papers and 10 revised full applications track papers presented were carefully reviewed...

  14. Balochistan: Reaping the benefits of peace journalism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shabbir Hussain

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available If the focus of peace journalism is to press for quality journalism during conflict reporting which will ultimately contribute to peace, then the findings of this study show that the available reporting on the Balochistan conflict passes the litmus test. The coverage is pro-people, and the reporters are aware of their responsibility to society. Despite acute security problems, the journalists have been able to bring the conflict onto the public agenda. A majority of Pakistanis now agree that the people of Balochistan have been maltreated by both politicians and the army, and the time has come to grant them the rights for which they have been fighting for decades, sacrificed thousands of lives and endured great suffering.

  15. TRAINING IN CITIZENSHIP AND DEMOCRATIC CULTURE AS PEACE-BUILDING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felipe Piedrahita Ramírez

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to reconstruct the possible relationships between peace and democracy by addressing the issue of what model of democracy better corresponds to the formation of a culture of peace. To this end, the broadly views of peace and democracy are reconstructed to criticize either minimalist or negative visions, suggesting a normative relationship between positive peace and substantive democracy. Later we will argue in favor of the deliberative democratic model as the one that best fits the requirements of citizen education and culture of peace in the internal systems. Finally, some key elements to consider in relation to the formation of democratic citizenship rooted in the values of a global culture of peace will be outlined.

  16. Campaign Planning for Peace Enforcement Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-05-17

    Security Council shall duly take account of failure to comply with such provisional measures . Article 41 The Security Council may decide what measures not...Disputes," gives the Security Council broad measures in which to encourage a peaceful settlement. 10 This chapter is the basis for UN PK operations...has been used independently (Libya, in 1986), and as a means to avoid the commitment of ground troops (Bosnia). This has its advntages , but one must

  17. Asia's Peaceful Rise: A Multiple Interactive Process

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Cui Liru

    2005-01-01

    @@ As the author sees it, "Asia's peaceful rise" seems to be a more appropriate expression to highlight the 21st century than the current buzzwords of "Asian century" or "the century of Asian resurgence" justifiably associated with the surging growth of regional economies and tighter ties among them since the end of the Cold War. It is of crucial significance to identify this as a process replete with complexities-an identification necessary for gauging its impact on the international community.

  18. Soldiers for Peace: Critical Operational Issues.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1996-01-01

    Security Council renews mandates with little debate —even when the force has long failed to accomplish its mandate, as in the cases of the United Nation...of the UNPROFOR mandate was not feasible unless UNPROFOR was heavily reinforced or the Muslim side opened land routes to the en- claves . Rules of...84-85. Lippman, Thomas W., "Use of U.S. Troops on Golan Heights Debated ," Washington Post, December 4, 1994, p. 42. Lowenthal, Mark M., Peace

  19. Never Forget History and Safeguard Peace

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhu; Rui

    2015-01-01

    On September 3,2015,China solemnly held a gathering in Commemoration of 70th Anniversary of the Victory of the Chinese People’s War of Resistance against Japanese Aggression and the World Anti-Fascist War.Chinese President Xi Jinping in his important speech emphasized that"in the interest of peace,we need to foster a keen sense of a global

  20. Global Peace through the Global University System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cengiz Hakan AYDIN

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Utopia is defined in Encarta Dictionary as “an ideal and perfect place or state, where everyone lives in harmony and everything is for the best.” Developments all around the world especially in the last decade have supported the idea that global peace is nothing but just a utopian dream. However, for centuries a group of believers have always been in search of global peace via different means. This book, titled as “Global Peace through the Global University System”, can be considered as one of the artifacts of this search.Actually this book is a collection of papers presented in working conference on the Global University System (GUS hosted by the University of Tampere, Finland in 1999. The main goal of the conference was bringing international experts to share their philosophy, past and present experiences about the GUS. The conference was held by the University of Tampere because UNESCO has an agreement with the University to establish the UNESCOChair in Global e-Learning.

  1. The peace and nuclear war dictionary

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ali, S.R. (North Carolina Central Univ., Durham, NC (United States))

    1989-01-01

    The Peace and Nuclear War Dictionary is organized so that entries and supplementary data can be located easily and quickly. Items are arranged alphabetically throughout, rather than grouped into chapters. When doubtful about how to locate an entry, consult the general index. Page numbers for terms appear in the index in heavy black type; subsidiary concepts discussed within entries can be found in the index, identified by page numbers in regular type. For study purposes, numerous entries have also been subsumed under major topical headings in the index, affording the reader access to broad classes of related information. The reader can also fully explore a topic by employing the extensive cross-references included in all entries. Many entries can be found as subsidiary terms, but in each case the concept is related to the main entry. The author has adopted the format of this book to provide the reader a variety of useful applications. These include its use as a dictionary and ready reference guide to the global language of peace and nuclear war; a study guide for introductory courses in Nuclear War and Peace of International Relations, or for any specialized course in the area; a supplement to a textbook or a group of paperback monographs adopted for use in these courses; a source of review material for the political science major enrolled in advanced courses; and a social science aid for use in business, education, government, policy sciences, and journalism.

  2. Scenarios for sustainable peace in colombia by year 2019

    OpenAIRE

    Gomez-Sorzano, Gustavo

    2006-01-01

    This paper presents the simulation results of the model of cyclical terrorist murder for Colombia (Gómez-Sorzano, 2005) on the purpose of doing sensitivity analysis to help the country in the design of a policy bringing sustainable peace before year 2019. The first part presents 11 scenarios 2005-2010. The final section shows 18 additional scenarios 2006-2019. According to them peace will be attained around year 2008 and sustainable peace will be granted before year 2019.

  3. Empowerment and responsibility of the culture of peace through education

    OpenAIRE

    Mariela Inés Sánchez Cardona

    2012-01-01

    This article seeks to highlight the possibilities of empowering the culture of peace in the society in general, so it is necessary a joint work of different actors and social institutions. In this perspective each individual must transcend commitment to the peace of the personal to the social, also the State specifically in the case of Colombia must be monitored for compliance with the legislation in story to the compulsory education for educational institutions peace through public policies....

  4. Jane Addams (1860-1935): Social worker and Peace Builder

    OpenAIRE

    Allen, James D.

    2009-01-01

    The name Jane Addams is typically associated with the Settlement House Movement. As a founder of Hull House, the first settlement house in the United States, Addams worked tirelessly on behalf of the poor and oppressed. Less widely known is the depth of her concern about peace and her efforts as a peace builder. A more careful review, however, of Addams’ words and works reveals her passionate commitment to the abolition of war and the restoration of peace. This biographical sketch highlights ...

  5. Panels for Peace: Contributions of Israeli and Palestinian Comics to Peace-Building

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chantal Catherine Michel

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Comics and graphic novels about the Arab-Israeli conflict constitute a small, but constantly expanding sub-genre. Most of them are statements for one of the two opposing sides and only very few comic book authors use their skills to contribute to mutual understanding, tolerance and peace. After discussing the value of comics as educational and peace-building tools, the article demonstrates how comics can, under the condition that the concerned groups can access them, contribute to peace-building by briefly discussing the works of non-Israeli and -Palestinian authors, as well as by analyzing in depth comics by Israeli and Palestinian authors Uri Fink, Galit and Gilad Seliktar, and Samir Harb.

  6. "Peace to Learn"-- A Discourse Analysis of Pupils' Perceptions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paaso, E.; Uusiautti, S.; Maatta, K.

    2013-01-01

    Peace to learn refers to a peaceful state that makes meaningful and productive learning possible--in other words, the conditions that allow or hinder pupils to work peacefully in the classroom. How pupils perceive their

  7. Jane Addams (1860-1935: Social worker and Peace Builder

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The name Jane Addams is typically associated with the Settlement House Movement. As a founder of Hull House, the first settlement house in the United States, Addams worked tirelessly on behalf of the poor and oppressed. Less widely known is the depth of her concern about peace and her efforts as a peace builder. A more careful review, however, of Addams’ words and works reveals her passionate commitment to the abolition of war and the restoration of peace. This biographical sketch highlights the breadth and depth of Addams’ work both as an advocate for the poor and as an advocate for peace.

  8. Forums for consultation and follow-up of the peace agreements in Guatemala: lessons learnt for territorial peace in Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cécile Mouly

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available This article considers the experience of the forums for consultation and the follow-up of the peace agreements in Guatemala and draws lessons for territorial peace in Colombia. Based on data from observation, interviews, and documents, it analyses how the consultation forums evolved into an infrastructure for peace, and the role they played in the decentralization of peace implementation. From this experience, It emphasizes the importance of the departmental level as a bridge between the grassroots and decision makers at the central level, and of the participation of traditionally marginalized groups for territorial peace. Additionally, the successful local peacebuilding initiatives that emerged during the war must be considered. It also discusses the role of multisectoral spaces in the peaceful transformation of local conflicts, and the need to maintain a balance between institutionalization and flexibility.

  9. The Geopolitics of Peace Education. Learning to Hate the War, to Love Peace, and to Do Something About it

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johan Galtung

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we present four central theories, four policy tasks and four education topics that build a Peace education. We start from the thesis that every education should be prepared for practice, but guided from the general theory. From a Peace education, we aim to mediate and illustrate in stages and practical exercises to help us understand how important Peace research are in a true comprehensive education.

  10. The process of the construction of peace in Colombia, beyond negotiation: a proposal starting from a Transformative and Participatory Peace

    OpenAIRE

    Esteban Ramos Muslera

    2016-01-01

    Analysis is made of the peace process, which is being held in Colombia between the insurgents of the FARC-EP and the Colombian Government, which is noted from the theoretical approaches of the Studies of Peace and from the perspective of the social movement, arguing the need of assuming the epistemological approach of the Transformative and Participatory Peace as a way to favor integral processes for the construction of peace beyond negotiation. Se analiza el proceso de paz que se adelanta...

  11. The process of the construction of peace in Colombia, beyond negotiation: a proposal starting from a Transformative and Participatory Peace

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Esteban Ramos Muslera

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Analysis is made of the peace process, which is being held in Colombia between the insurgents of the FARC-EP and the Colombian Government, which is noted from the theoretical approaches of the Studies of Peace and from the perspective of the social movement, arguing the need of assuming the epistemological approach of the Transformative and Participatory Peace as a way to favor integral processes for the construction of peace beyond negotiation.

  12. Hepatitis B Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... worldwide 2 Billion People have been infected with Hepatitis B Worldwide The Hepatitis B Foundation is working on ... of people living with hepatitis B. Learn About Hepatitis B in 11 Other Languages . Resource Video See More ...

  13. Prostate Cancer Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... P 2 rovocative Questions PCCTC Scientific Retreat Coffey-Holden Research News Faces of Prostate Cancer [4] Survivors ... Foundation News The Prostate Cancer Foundation’s 2016 Coffey-Holden Prostate Cancer Academy Meeting accelerates advances in the ...

  14. Patient Advocate Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Resources CoPay Resources Healthcare Reform Prevention View Resource Click here to submit a resource Subscribe Copyright © 2012 Patient Advocate Foundation Headquarters: 421 Butler Farm Road, Hampton, VA 23666 Phone: (800) 532-5274 - ...

  15. Restless Legs Syndrome Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Into Relieved Are you experiencing symptoms linked to restless legs syndrome (RLS)? Find tools and support to help get ... I couldn’t sleep. Fortunately, I found the Restless Legs Syndrome Foundation and learned what type of doctor to ...

  16. Lupus Foundation of America

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... and Testing New Treatments Learn More About the Lupus Foundation of America We are devoted to solving ... Spam Control Text: Please leave this field empty Lupus FAQ What is lupus? What are the common ...

  17. Carcinoid Cancer Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Assistance News Blog E-News Archives Contact Donate Carcinoid Cancer Foundation Navigation Home About Back Our Founder Mission ... FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS SUPPORT GROUPS The ABC's of Carcinoid and Neuroendocrine Tumors Three of the world’s leading ...

  18. The foundations of statistics

    CERN Document Server

    Savage, Leonard J

    1972-01-01

    Classic analysis of the foundations of statistics and development of personal probability, one of the greatest controversies in modern statistical thought. Revised edition. Calculus, probability, statistics, and Boolean algebra are recommended.

  19. Stuttering Foundation of America

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... is from their doctor. Read More Powerful New Film Reveals Emotional Impact of Stuttering The life impact ... President Introduces Award-Winning Author at St. Simons School Stuttering Foundation President Jane Fraser had the honor ...

  20. National Psoriasis Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... is treated in their countries. Previous Next National Psoriasis Foundation provides you with the help you need to best manage your psoriasis or psoriatic arthritis, while promoting research to find ...

  1. American Lyme Disease Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Infectious Diseases, 35: 451-464, 2002) What is Lyme Disease? Lyme disease (LD) is an infection caused by ... mission with your own tax-deductible contribution. American Lyme Disease Foundation, Inc. PO Box 466 Lyme, CT 06371 ...

  2. Foundations of laser spectroscopy

    CERN Document Server

    Stenholm, Stig

    2005-01-01

    A simple presentation of the theoretical foundations of steady-state laser spectroscopy, this text helps students to apply theory to calculations with a systematic series of examples and exercises. 1984 edition.

  3. Sjogren's Syndrome Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... and receive discounts on Sjögren's resources. Follow Us Online! Join the SSF on Twitter, YouTube, Facebook, and Linkedin! anxiety © 2016 Sjögren’s Syndrome Foundation, Inc. 6707 Democracy Blvd, Ste 325, Bethesda, ...

  4. Mesothelioma Applied Research Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Percentage Donations Tribute Wall Other Giving/Fundraising Opportunities Bitcoin Donation Form FAQs Mesothelioma Awareness Day: Find out ... Percentage Donations Tribute Wall Other Giving/Fundraising Opportunities Bitcoin Donation Form FAQs © 2017 Mesothelioma Applied Research Foundation, ...

  5. Foundations of measurement

    CERN Document Server

    Suppes, Patrick

    1989-01-01

    Foundations of Measurement offers the most coherently organized treatment of the topics and issues central to measurement. Much of the research involved has been scattered over several decades and a multitude of journals--available in many instances only to specialties. With the publication of Volumes two and three of this important work, Foundations of Measurement is the most comprehensive presentation in the area of measurement.

  6. Foundations of Information Theory

    OpenAIRE

    Burgin, Mark

    2008-01-01

    Information is the basic concept of information theory. However, there is no definition of this concept that can encompass all uses of the term information in information theories and beyond. Many question a possibility of such a definition. However, foundations of information theory developed in the context of the general theory of information made it possible to build such a relevant and at the same time, encompassing definition. Foundations of information theory are built in a form of onto...

  7. Foundational aspects of security

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Chatzikokolakis, Konstantinos; Mödersheim, Sebastian Alexander; Palamidessi, Catuscia

    2014-01-01

    This Special Issue of the Journal of Computer Security focuses on foundational aspects of security, which in recent years have helped change much of the way we think about and approach system security.......This Special Issue of the Journal of Computer Security focuses on foundational aspects of security, which in recent years have helped change much of the way we think about and approach system security....

  8. Media Peace Discourse: Constraints, Concepts and Building Blocks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dov Shinar

    2004-07-01

    Full Text Available Normative, professional, and academic premises steer the discussion of the importance and the absence of a peace discourse in the media, and of the need and possibility to invent one. Among the possible points of departure are that the media should be involved in the promotion of peace; that peace coverage is hindered by the absence of a peace discourse in the professional media repertoire; and that the creation, development, and marketing of a media peace discourse should be included in the current research agenda. The development of a peace-oriented media discourse can be assisted by three conceptual elements, namely, the existing strategies employed by the media to cover peace; the competition in the media among dominant and alternative frames, in which news-value is the measure of success; and the concept of “constitutive rhetoric” – the creation, change and legitimization of realities through texts, rhetorical constructs and the manipulation of symbols – as a discourse-building device. Research on the three major strategies used by the media in the coverage of peace – Framing Peace Coverage in War Discourse; Trivialization; and Ritualization – suggests that the latter fits this conceptual framework better than the others, and thus is more suitable for the development of a media peace discourse. Some findings and models of media research can be used for conceptual leverage by providing paradigmatic frameworks and variables. Good examples include the media events and the textual analysis genres, as they are particularly related to professional effects; narrative techniques; and performance styles; and concepts such as “master-frames” and “super-texts” – major motifs, composed of many smaller frames or sub-texts – to suggest the potential contents of a media peace discourse. Finally, it is proposed that research and development efforts of media peace coverage along these lines should include work on adapting the current

  9. An Intercultural Peace Mural Project: Let's Make a Peaceful World Hand in Hand!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bae, Jaehan

    2012-01-01

    Murals have become a powerful art form for portraying antiwar, human rights, social justice, and human dignity issues. Educators and artists have conducted mural workshops with adolescents in international settings to educate them about peace, human rights, and cultural tolerance. Learning with murals has been shown to be pedagogically meaningful…

  10. Doctoral Dissertations Related to Education for Peace and Multicultural Awareness. Peace Education Miniprints No. 43.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bjerstedt, Ake, Ed.

    This bibliography lists recent doctoral dissertations, written in English and German, related to peace education, multicultural education, and related topics. Dissertations from India on nonviolence, Mahatma Gandhi, and related subjects are listed in a separate appendix (with Hindi titles translated into English). (Author/DB)

  11. Teach Peace: Assessing Instruction of the Nonviolent Communication and Peace Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baesler, E. James; Lauricella, Sharon

    2014-01-01

    This paper assesses the efficacy of teaching a new course in the communication curriculum entitled Nonviolent Communication and Peace. Three studies are included: two pilot studies at a large Eastern US university and a final study which also included data from a concurrent study at a large Canadian university. Results from a pre-post…

  12. An Intercultural Peace Mural Project: Let's Make a Peaceful World Hand in Hand!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bae, Jaehan

    2012-01-01

    Murals have become a powerful art form for portraying antiwar, human rights, social justice, and human dignity issues. Educators and artists have conducted mural workshops with adolescents in international settings to educate them about peace, human rights, and cultural tolerance. Learning with murals has been shown to be pedagogically meaningful…

  13. Children's Conceptions of Peace in Two Ugandan Primary Schools: Insights for Peace Curriculum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kagaari, James; Nakasiita, Kirabo; Ntare, Edward; Atuhaire, Richard; Baguwemu, Ali; Ojok, Gerald; Okumu, Auma S.; Kaahwa, Goretti; Byamugisha, Gastone; Semakula, Paul; Namusoke, Jane; Mayengo, Nathan; Dennis, Barbara; Thompson, Chalmer E.

    2017-01-01

    Oppenheimer urged communities all over the world to study how children come to understand peace, conflict, and war. Set in various countries, their review of studies, as well as more recent examinations reveal trends in how children view these phenomena, often differing by gender, age, and extent to which they were exposed to highly dangerous and…

  14. Strengthen Exchanges and Cooperation with Peace Organizations around the World under the Banner of Peace

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    At early 1980’s, based on analysis of the new changes, features and trends of the international situation, Comrade Deng Xiaoping came to the important conclusion that peace and development had become strategic issues with global significance of the contemporary world. It put an

  15. Doctoral Dissertations Related to Education for Peace and Multicultural Awareness. Peace Education Miniprints No. 43.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bjerstedt, Ake, Ed.

    This bibliography lists recent doctoral dissertations, written in English and German, related to peace education, multicultural education, and related topics. Dissertations from India on nonviolence, Mahatma Gandhi, and related subjects are listed in a separate appendix (with Hindi titles translated into English). (Author/DB)

  16. Level Classifications of Foundation Stiffness

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ibsen, Lars Bo; Liingaard, Morten

    2007-01-01

    This article describes a foundation module developed and implemented in both HAWC and FLEX capable of to simulate the frequency dependent stiffness and damping of foundations e.g. pile, gravitation and bucket foundations.......This article describes a foundation module developed and implemented in both HAWC and FLEX capable of to simulate the frequency dependent stiffness and damping of foundations e.g. pile, gravitation and bucket foundations....

  17. Colombia - Development and Peace in the Magdalena Medio Region

    OpenAIRE

    Arboleda, Jairo; Garfield, Elsie

    2002-01-01

    The Program for Development and Peace in Magdalena Medio, supported by a Bank Learning and Innovation Loan, promotes a community-based participatory approach to development and peace in one of the most conflictive regions of Colombia. With a heavy emphasis on the strengthening of social capital and productive sub-projects, the Project offers important lessons on development interventions in ...

  18. School-Based Peace Building in Sierra Leone

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bretherton, Diane; Weston, Jane; Zbar, Vic

    2005-01-01

    This article describes the development of a peace education project, including the Peace Education Kit, in schools in Sierra Leone. The program, initiated by the World Bank, has involved working partnerships between local and international agencies and provides a case study of how schools can work with the community to contribute to a national…

  19. Good journalism or peace journalism? – Counterplea by David Loyn

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Loyn

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available In this paper the author responds to the reasoning by Jake Lynch (“Peace journalism and its discontents” and Samuel Peleg (“In defense of peace journalism: A rejoinder”, published in the same issue of conflict & communication online (http://www.cco.regener-online.de/2007_2/inhalt6_2.htm.

  20. Education for Peace and a Pedagogy of Hope

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carl, A. E.

    2011-01-01

    There are many approaches and arguments on how hope could be given to children in a society characterised by violence and conflict, hope that may contribute towards optimising their potential. This article focuses on the notion and meaning of Peace Education, what the possible link between Peace Education and a Pedagogy of Hope might be and…

  1. Peace and Women's Issues in U.S. History.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alonso, Harriet Hyman

    1994-01-01

    Asserts that the role of women, peace, and nonviolence have been ignored in U.S. history textbooks. Traces the history of the women's rights movement through U.S. history and emphasizes the links with the peace movement. Includes an annotated bibliography of 13 items for teachers and students. (CFR)

  2. Power Sharing in Postconflict Societies: Implications for Peace and Governance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cammett, Melani; Malesky, Edmund

    2012-01-01

    Which components of power sharing contribute to the duration of peace and what explains the linkages between institutional design and stability? The authors argue that certain types of political power sharing are associated with more durable peace than others, primarily through their positive effects on governance and public service delivery. In…

  3. Against All Odds: Peace Education in Times of Crisis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Culp, Julian

    2017-01-01

    Contexts of violent, intractable conflict such as those present in Israel, Nigeria, or Iraq represent times of severe crisis. Reducing the high indices of violence is very urgent, but the attempts of establishing peaceful arrangements in the short- or medium-term usually fail. Peace education, by contrast, is a "long-term" endeavor to…

  4. Women's Perspectives of Peace: Unheard Voices from Pakistan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Habib, Zehra

    2013-01-01

    Pakistan is currently impacted by rampant terrorism and is simultaneously grappling with intrastate ethnic and sectarian violence. The focus of this dissertation was on examining grassroots Pakistani women's perspectives on peace and women's contributions to peace in Pakistan. The study was centered on grassroots women because their voices remain…

  5. Pollution effects on asthmatic children in Europe: the PEACE study.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Roemer, W.

    1998-01-01

    This thesis is based upon the 'Pollution Effects on Asthmatic Children in Europe (PEACE)' study. The PEACE study is a multi-centre study of the acute effects of particles with a 50% cut-off aerodynamic diameter of 10 µm (PM 10 ), Black Smoke (BS), SO 2 and NO 2 on re

  6. Shirin Ebadi: A Muslim Woman Nobel Peace Laureate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmad, Iftikhar

    2004-01-01

    The Nobel Peace Prize is recognized as one of the most prestigious global awards. Each year the Norwegian Nobel Committee, which is appointed by Norway's parliament to select the winner, receives many nominations from around the world. Shirin Ebadi, who is from Iran, became the eleventh female Nobel Peace laureate in 2003. Ebadi is the third…

  7. The Pragmatist as Pacifist: John Dewey's Views on Peace Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howlett, Charles

    1982-01-01

    Dewey's writings defined the role of educators in society and their ability to influence world peace, international cooperation, the meaning of patriotism, and the role of the social sciences in understanding other cultures. Dewey perceived the job of the educator as teaching basic values of peace and nonviolence as correct social behavior. (JN)

  8. 32 CFR 728.59 - Peace Corps beneficiaries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... at Peace Corps expense. When emergency treatment is rendered without prior approval, forward a... hospitalization, the commanding officer of the overseas facility will report the requirement to the nearest Peace... Furnished Pay Patients, Hospitalization Furnished, part A) or DD 7A (Report of Treatment Furnished Pay...

  9. Peaceweaving : Jane Addams, positive peace and public administration

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Shields, P.M.; Soeters, J.M.M.L.

    2017-01-01

    Beginning with the odd finding that “peace research is just the study of war,” this article explores “positive peace” as an important yet neglected notion in public administration. It does this by examining the ideas of Nobel Peace Prize winner, Jane Addams, a pioneer in public administration and pe

  10. Peace Corps Aquaculture Training Manual. Training Manual T0057.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peace Corps, Washington, DC. Information Collection and Exchange Div.

    This Peace Corps training manual was developed from two existing manuals to provide a comprehensive training program in fish production for Peace Corps volunteers. The manual encompasses the essential elements of the University of Oklahoma program that has been training volunteers in aquaculture for 25 years. The 22 chapters of the manual are…

  11. Peaceweaving : Jane Addams, positive peace and public administration

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Shields, P.M.; Soeters, Sjo

    2016-01-01

    Beginning with the odd finding that “peace research is just the study of war,” this article explores “positive peace” as an important yet neglected notion in public administration. It does this by examining the ideas of Nobel Peace Prize winner, Jane Addams, a pioneer in public administration and pe

  12. Constructing Cultures of Non-Violence: The Peace Power! Strategy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mattaini, Mark A.; Addams, Jane

    2001-01-01

    This article presents an alternative approach for reducing violence in schools: the development of evidence-based tools that can be used in existing networks to structure systemic changes. The PEACE POWER strategy emphasizes four practices: recognize contributions and successes, act with respect, share power to build community, and make peace.…

  13. Transitional justice and gender in Uganda: Making peace, failing ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    part of normal political business. The peace process in Uganda. The formal peace negotiation process to address Northern Uganda's conflict began in 2006 after ... Women's International Cross Cultural Exchange (Isis-WICCE) who collected ... Building skills of women: The coalition built the knowledge and skills of identified.

  14. Nobel Laureate Mohamed ElBaradei: Preventing Nuclear Proliferation Peacefully

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dufour, Joanne

    2006-01-01

    The 2005 Nobel Peace Prize was awarded 60 years after the first atomic bombs fell on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, killing more than 200,000 people; the peace prize raises the hopes of those working to rejuvenate global efforts to prevent the spread and development of nuclear arms. This article profiles the International Atomic…

  15. The Peace Movement: An Exercise in Micro-Macro Linkages.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galtung, Johan

    1998-01-01

    Provides information on the socio-historical background of the peace movement explaining that it stands not only for a challenge to governmental monopoly but also for a general reduction of the instruments of violence. Offers various remarks on the peace movement strategy. (CMK)

  16. Pollution effects on asthmatic children in Europe : the PEACE study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Roemer, W.

    1998-01-01

    This thesis is based upon the 'Pollution Effects on Asthmatic Children in Europe (PEACE)' study. The PEACE study is a multi-centre study of the acute effects of particles with a 50% cut-off aerodynamic diameter of 10 µm (PM 10 ), Black Smoke (BS), SO

  17. Must Dewey and Kierkegaard's Inquiry for World Peace Be Violent?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Webster, R. Scott

    2011-01-01

    Amongst the many aims of education, surely the pursuit of global peace must be one of the most significant. The mandate of UNESCO is to pursue world peace through education by primarily promoting collaboration. The sort of collaboration that UNESCO endorses involves democratic dialogue, where various persons from differing backgrounds can come…

  18. 75 FR 32085 - Prayer for Peace, Memorial Day, 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-07

    ...#0;#0; ] Proclamation 8532 of May 28, 2010 Prayer for Peace, Memorial Day, 2010 By the President of..., from Inchon and Khe Sanh to Baghdad and Kandahar, they departed our world as heroes and gave their... their memory and pray for the peace for which they laid down their lives. We mourn with the families and...

  19. "Peace and Progress" Chinese and Japanese Contemporary Calligraphy Exhibition

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    <正>To commemorate the 25th anniversary of the sign-ing of Sino-Japanese Peace and Friendship Treaty, a "Peace and Progress" Chinese and Japanese Contemporary Calligraphy Exhibition jointly sponsored by the CPAFFC, the Chinese Association for Promoting Cultural Development, the Federation of Re-

  20. Constructing Cultures of Non-Violence: The Peace Power! Strategy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mattaini, Mark A.; Addams, Jane

    2001-01-01

    This article presents an alternative approach for reducing violence in schools: the development of evidence-based tools that can be used in existing networks to structure systemic changes. The PEACE POWER strategy emphasizes four practices: recognize contributions and successes, act with respect, share power to build community, and make peace.…

  1. City at Peace: Inspiring Kids to Imitate and Improve Life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carroad, Diane L.

    1993-01-01

    Describes the City at Peace program originated in Washington, DC, by Creative Response, a nonprofit group that promotes international peace and cross-cultural understanding through the performing arts. The Washington program staged an original musical in January 1993, written and performed by local teenagers, about the problems of racism, drug…

  2. Utilization of Peace Education in Adult Literacy Programmes in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Mrs Afam

    Anambra State for promoting peace, conflict resolution and national security. ... Security Questionnaire (UPEALPPPCRNSQ), designed on a Likert type scale was .... therefore primarily intends to develop in the individuals' skills, attitudes and ... programmes/education is no doubt one means towards achieving peace and ...

  3. The Role of TESOL in Educating for Peace

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kruger, Frans

    2012-01-01

    As communication specialists, teaching English to speakers of other languages (TESOL) professionals should be at the forefront of promoting peaceful interaction. Yet, at present they only play a peripheral role in educating for peace. The present article investigates the interplay between English, as expressed in terms of being a global language,…

  4. War and Peace: Education for Survival, Sustainability, and Flourishing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prakash, Madhu Suri

    1990-01-01

    Discusses competing conceptions of culture and prescriptions for education concerning war and peace. Reviews following books: London's "Armageddon in the Classroom: An Examination of Nuclear Education"; Reardon's "Comprehensive Peace Education: Education for Global Responsibility"; Reardon's "Education for Global Responsibility: Teacher Designed…

  5. The Children's Peace Project: Service-Learning and Art Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, Pamela G.

    2005-01-01

    This paper presents the case of a service-learning art experience in an after-school housing development program. Beginning with a dialogue concerning peace and how it can become part of their world, children and pre-service teachers explored and connected the idea of peace through symbols, metaphor and idealism in works of art. A critical and…

  6. Must Dewey and Kierkegaard's Inquiry for World Peace Be Violent?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Webster, R. Scott

    2011-01-01

    Amongst the many aims of education, surely the pursuit of global peace must be one of the most significant. The mandate of UNESCO is to pursue world peace through education by primarily promoting collaboration. The sort of collaboration that UNESCO endorses involves democratic dialogue, where various persons from differing backgrounds can come…

  7. Peaceful Uses Bona Fides: Criteria for Evaluation and Case Studies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ajemian, Chris K.; Hazel, Mike; Kessler, Carol E.; Mathews, Carrie E.; Morris, Fred A.; Seward, Amy M.; Peterson, Danielle J.; Smith, Brian W.

    2007-06-06

    This study applies a set of indicators to assess the peaceful nature of a state’s nuclear program. Evaluation of a country’s nuclear program relative to these indicators can help the international community to take appropriate actions to ensure that the growth of the global nuclear energy industry proceeds peacefully and to minimize nuclear proliferation risks.

  8. The Peace Movement: An Exercise in Micro-Macro Linkages.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galtung, Johan

    1998-01-01

    Provides information on the socio-historical background of the peace movement explaining that it stands not only for a challenge to governmental monopoly but also for a general reduction of the instruments of violence. Offers various remarks on the peace movement strategy. (CMK)

  9. Scientists credit `Atoms for Peace' for progress on energy, security

    CERN Multimedia

    Jones, D

    2003-01-01

    "Fifty years after President Eisenhower unveiled his plan for developing peaceful uses for nuclear fission, the scientific advances spawned by his Atoms for Peace program have made possible major advances in energy and national security, a panel of physicists said last week" (1 page).

  10. Peace Journalism and the news production process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Burkhard Bläsi

    2004-07-01

    Full Text Available In recent years various models of „peace journalism“ or „constructive conflict coverage“ have been proposed. These models suggest alternative ways of conflict reporting in order to contribute to processes of de-escalation, peacebuilding and reconciliation instead of escalating, exaggerating or neglecting conflicts. However, these models will remain irrelevant for the practical work of journalists unless they are connected to the reality of today’s media. Therefore it is of great importance to also direct our attention to the news production process. At the same time, studying the factors that influence the production of journalistic reporting in times of conflict and war means learning about the actual preconditions for any effort of constructive conflict coverage. Based on qualitative expert interviews with German journalists, this paper presents a model of the production process of conflict coverage. According to this model, the production process can be described as a complex interaction of six factors: (1 structural aspects of the media, (2 conflict situation on-site, (3 personal features of the individual journalist, (4 the political climate, (5 lobbies, (6 the audience. After presenting the general model and the discussion of its limitations and possible benefits, the influence of the „political climate“ factor is explored in more detail and illustrated with the experience of German journalists in the aftermath of 9/11. The author argues that peace journalism can only attract the critical number of journalists needed for a noticeable change in conflict coverage, if there are realizable suggestions for how to meet the obstacles journalists face in their daily work. The model of influencing factors affecting conflict coverage could be a good starting point for this undertaking, as it enables us, on the one hand, to systematize and specify attempts to implement peace journalism and, on the other hand, to develop a more

  11. Peace is the Pressing Need Today

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Demetris; Christofias

    2014-01-01

    <正>Permit me to express my warm thanks to organizers of this gathering,which aims to honour the day of peace and to remember together the suffering and devastation brought about by the two world wars and so many regional wars since then.The catastrophic Second World War,which was caused by the militarist and fascist axis,cost tens of millions of lives and led to incalculable material damage.It ended with the unjustified and inhuman dropping of nuclear

  12. A Peaceful Role Player In World Affairs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    China is committed to peaceful development and proud to be a responsible stakeholder participating in the international order and upholding its values. This is according to Wang Guangya, Chinese Ambassador to the United Nations, who was speaking at a symposium entitled China and the Future of the World, held by the University of Chicago just a week after Chinese President Hu Jintao's U.S. visit Wang also explained why China's development is an opportunity rather than a threat to the rest of the world and...

  13. The Forgotten Peace : Mediation at Niagara Falls

    OpenAIRE

    Small, Michael

    2010-01-01

    In the early hours of April 22, 1914, American President Woodrow Wilson sent Marines to seize the port of Veracruz in an attempt to alter the course of the Mexican Revolution. As a result, the United States seemed on the brink of war with Mexico. An international uproar ensued. The governments of Argentina, Brazil, and Chile offered to mediate a peaceful resolution to the crisis. Surprisingly, both the United States and Mexico accepted their offer and all parties agreed to meet at an internat...

  14. Empowerment and responsibility of the culture of peace through education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariela Inés Sánchez Cardona

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This article seeks to highlight the possibilities of empowering the culture of peace in the society in general, so it is necessary a joint work of different actors and social institutions. In this perspective each individual must transcend commitment to the peace of the personal to the social, also the State specifically in the case of Colombia must be monitored for compliance with the legislation in story to the compulsory education for educational institutions peace through public policies. Similarly, we emphasize that when they achieve consistently develop the principles and methodologies of education for peace, in institutions both family, school and University, this facilitates the strengthening of the culture for peace in the country.

  15. Teachings on Peace of the 14th Dalai Lama and Selected Literary Philosophers: Implications for Global Peace Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. Maria Luisa A. Valdez

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available -This study delved on the 14th Dalai Lamas’ and the selected literary philosophers’ teachings on peace and their implications for global peace education. To achieve the objective of this study, the qualitative philosophical method of research in analyzing the tenets of peace in the representative literary works was employed. This involved the science of textual criticism and hermeneutics supported by the researcher’s analysis and insights with reference to the content of the texts to bring about the philosophical treatment of the selected works. The results of analysis and interpretation revealed how the 14th Dalai Lama, Daisaku Ikeda and Thich Nhat Hanh registered in strong conviction that through inner peace, genuine world peace can be achieved. This study proceeds further by citing the intrapersonal, interpersonal and international aspects of peace dealt with in the selected works. Likewise, this paper finds the teachings of the identified literary philosophers embodying their treatment of characters and state of affairs as being and becoming searchers for the true meaning of peace. The findings of this study bespeaks of the writers’ works as tributes to humanity and man’s capacity to create a better and peaceful world

  16. Developing a Peace Course in Police Studies: How a Culture of Peace Can Enhance Police Legitimacy in a Democratic Society

    Science.gov (United States)

    McDonald, James Russell

    2015-01-01

    This paper reflects my experiences developing a course within the Criminal Justice Technology Associates of Science degree program at Valencia College that fuses topics unique to peace and police studies. The key challenge in developing this course was in confronting the paradox of the police as instruments of both peace and conflict. In dealing…

  17. Commitment toProsperity Through PeaceChina believes peaceful development is its only path to prosperity

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YIN PUMIN

    2011-01-01

    The Chinese Government published a white paper on the country's development on September 6,stressing that peaceful development is the best means through which China can realize its ambitions for modernization and prosperity.The white paper,titled China's Peaceful Development,was released by the State Council Information Office.

  18. Doing "Leftist Propaganda" or Working towards Peace? Moving Greek-Cypriot Peace Education Struggles beyond Local Political Complexities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Charalambous, Constadina; Charalambous, Panayiota; Zembylas, Michalinos

    2013-01-01

    This paper investigates the interference of local politics with a peace education initiative in Greek-Cypriot education and the consequent impact on teachers' perceptions and responses. Focusing on a recent educational attempt to promote "peaceful coexistence", the authors explain how this attempt was seen by many teachers as being a…

  19. Modelling Foundations and Applications

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 8th European Conference on Modelling Foundations and Applications, held in Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark, in July 2012. The 20 revised full foundations track papers and 10 revised full applications track papers presented were carefully reviewed...... and selected from 81 submissions. Papers on all aspects of MDE were received, including topics such as architectural modelling and product lines, code generation, domain-specic modeling, metamodeling, model analysis and verication, model management, model transformation and simulation. The breadth of topics...

  20. Foundations of predictive analytics

    CERN Document Server

    Wu, James

    2012-01-01

    Drawing on the authors' two decades of experience in applied modeling and data mining, Foundations of Predictive Analytics presents the fundamental background required for analyzing data and building models for many practical applications, such as consumer behavior modeling, risk and marketing analytics, and other areas. It also discusses a variety of practical topics that are frequently missing from similar texts. The book begins with the statistical and linear algebra/matrix foundation of modeling methods, from distributions to cumulant and copula functions to Cornish--Fisher expansion and o

  1. Foundations of Inference

    CERN Document Server

    Knuth, Kevin H

    2010-01-01

    We present a foundation for inference that unites and significantly extends the approaches of Kolmogorov and Cox. Our approach is based on quantifying finite lattices of logical statements in a way that satisfies general lattice symmetries. With other applications in mind, our derivations assume minimal symmetries, relying on neither complementarity nor continuity or differentiability. Each relevant symmetry corresponds to an axiom of quantification, and these axioms are used to derive a unique set of rules governing quantification of the lattice. These rules form the familiar probability calculus. We also derive a unique quantification of divergence and information. Taken together these results form a simple and clear foundation for the quantification of inference.

  2. TCP/IP foundations

    CERN Document Server

    Blank, Andrew G

    2006-01-01

    The world of IT is always evolving, but in every area there are stable, core concepts that anyone just setting out needed to know last year, needs to know this year, and will still need to know next year. The purpose of the Foundations series is to identify these concepts and present them in a way that gives you the strongest possible starting point, no matter what your endeavor. TCP/IP Foundations provides essential knowledge about the two protocols that form the basis for the Internet, as well as many other networks. What you learn here will benefit you in the short term, as you acquire and

  3. Foundations of stochastic analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Rao, M M; Lukacs, E

    1981-01-01

    Foundations of Stochastic Analysis deals with the foundations of the theory of Kolmogorov and Bochner and its impact on the growth of stochastic analysis. Topics covered range from conditional expectations and probabilities to projective and direct limits, as well as martingales and likelihood ratios. Abstract martingales and their applications are also discussed. Comprised of five chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the basic Kolmogorov-Bochner theorem, followed by a discussion on conditional expectations and probabilities containing several characterizations of operators and mea

  4. Foundations of Risk Analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Aven, Terje

    2012-01-01

    Foundations of Risk Analysis presents the issues core to risk analysis - understanding what risk means, expressing risk, building risk models, addressing uncertainty, and applying probability models to real problems. The author provides the readers with the knowledge and basic thinking they require to successfully manage risk and uncertainty to support decision making. This updated edition reflects recent developments on risk and uncertainty concepts, representations and treatment. New material in Foundations of Risk Analysis includes:An up to date presentation of how to understand, define and

  5. Impedance of Bucket Foundations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Lars; Ibsen, Lars Bo; Liingaard, Morten

    2008-01-01

    Modern offshore wind turbines are flexible structures with natural frequencies near the excitation frequencies related to wave and wind-induced loads. In order to obtain a reliable prediction of the structural response, the dynamic stiffness of the foundation must be evaluated accurately...... solutions, finding that the present boundary-element-finite-element model provides accurate results. The influence of the soil properties as well as the skirt length of the foundation is analysed, and each dynamic stiffness component is computed as function of a non-dimensional frequency....

  6. Guerra y paz War and Peace

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio José Romero Ramírez

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available A pesar de tratarse de un hecho social tan dramático, trascendente y global, sorprende, al menos, la escasa atención prestada por las Ciencias Sociales al fenómeno de la guerra. Sin embargo, la comprensión cabal de su naturaleza e, incluso, el conocimiento certero de las verdaderas posibilidades de la paz van a requerir, especialmente, un enfoque interdisciplinaria. De ahí deriva que el camino hacia la paz exigirá profundas transformaciones de carácter psicológico, social, político, económico y cultural y, por tanto, la configuración de un orden mundial muy alejado de sus coordenadas actuales.In spite of being a dramatic, transcendent and global social occurrence, it is, at least surprising how little attention the social sciences have paid to the phenomenon of war. However, in order to achieve a complete understanding of its nature and, even, real knowledge on the possibilities for peace, an interdisciplinary approach will be necessary. Thus, the path to peace will require deep transformations of a psychological, social, political economic and cultural nature and, therefore, the configuration of a world order that is quite removed from its current coordinates.

  7. PEACE, WAR AND AFTERWARDS 1914 TO 1919

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Louise Jooste

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Brian Wade left South Africa in February 1915 to join the British Army so as to serve the Empire during the First World War. After enlisting in King Edward's Horse as a private, he trained at Bishops Stortford and the Curragh in Ireland. He was later commissioned as a 2nd Lieutenant in the 7th London Regiment, served mainly in the transport section and saw action in the Somme and Ypres. Due to illness he was medically discharged in February 1918 and returned to South Africa. He subsequently performed colonial service in the former German territory, Tanganyika (present day Tanzania. During his military service and the first seven months he spent in Tanganyika, he kept up a regular correspondence with his mother - he regarded his weekly letter to her "as a sacred duty" - and these letters eventually resulted in Peace, War and Afterwards. As there are only a few personal accounts by South Africans of their experiences as soldiers during the First World War (and even fewer have been published Peace, War and Afterwards is a most welcome publication.

  8. A National Peace Education Program in Lebanon: Exploring the Possibilities from the Leaders' Perspectives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tannous, Joseph M.; Oueijan, Harvey N.

    2011-01-01

    This document reports the findings of a doctoral project regarding peace education in Lebanon. The emergence of Lebanon from a long civil war necessitates the existence of a peace program that will educate the new generations for a culture of peace. In this study, we tried to explore the potential of the development of a unified peace program…

  9. Grouting for Pile Foundation Improvement

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van der Stoel, A.E.C.

    2001-01-01

    The aim of this research was to examine the use of grouting methods for pile foundation improvement, a generic term that is used here to define both foundation renovation (increasing the bearing capacity of a pile foundation that has insufficient bearing capacity) and foundation protection (safeguar

  10. Jeffrey Modell Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... with the PI Community VILLAGE PARK Apply to WIN or have fun at the Kids Zone AIRPORT Fly into our airport & become a “Dream ... Café Social Hub Vicki's Voice Resources Village Park WIN Patients Organizations World PI Week Kids Zone Airport Roots & Wings Jeffrey Modell Foundation Global PI ...

  11. Sarcoma Foundation of America

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Google+ Twitter LinkedIn YouTube © 2017 Sarcoma Foundation of America | All Rights Reserved. | Terms of Use | Privacy Policy Website Design & Hosting by 270net Technologies, Inc. X - Enter Your Location - - or - Get your current location Home About Us History People Public Filings News & Media SFA in the ...

  12. National Emphysema Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... HOME THE LUNG COPD / Emphysema Advice for COPD/Emphysema Patients from Dr. Petty Asthma Interstitial Lung Disease PREVENTION Smoking Pollution and the Environment Occupational Health Hazards Early Detection LIVING with COPD Therapeutic ... joomla Welcome to the National Emphysema Foundation (NEF) This site is for the benefit ...

  13. Buckling of Bucket Foundations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Søren; Andersen, Lars Vabbersgaard; Ibsen, Lars Bo

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, the risk of structural buckling during installation of large-diameter bucket foundations is addressed using numerical methods. Imperfect geometries are introduced based on the pre-buckling mode shapes from a linear Eigenvalue buckling analysis. Various imperfect geometries are intr...

  14. Foundations of factor analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Mulaik, Stanley A

    2009-01-01

    Introduction Factor Analysis and Structural Theories Brief History of Factor Analysis as a Linear Model Example of Factor AnalysisMathematical Foundations for Factor Analysis Introduction Scalar AlgebraVectorsMatrix AlgebraDeterminants Treatment of Variables as Vectors Maxima and Minima of FunctionsComposite Variables and Linear Transformations Introduction Composite Variables Unweighted Composite VariablesDifferentially Weighted Composites Matrix EquationsMulti

  15. The Broad Foundations, 2006

    Science.gov (United States)

    Broad Foundation, 2006

    2006-01-01

    The mission of the Broad Foundations is to transform K-12 urban public education through better governance, management, labor relations and competition; make significant contributions to advance major scientific and medical research; foster public appreciation of contemporary art by increasing access for audiences worldwide; and lead and…

  16. Building Human Rights, Peace and Development within the United Nations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christian Guillermet Fernández

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available War and peace have perpetually alternated in history. Consequently, peace has always been seen as an endless project, even a dream, to be in brotherhood realized by everyone across the earth. Since the XVII century the elimination of war and armed conflict has been a political and humanitarian objective of all nations in the world. Both the League of Nations and the United Nations were conceived with the spirit of eliminating the risk of war through the promotion of peace, cooperation and solidarity among Nations. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the subsequent human rights instruments were drafted with a sincere aspiration of promoting the value of peace and human rights worldwide. International practice shows the close linkage between the disregard of human rights and the existence of war and armed conflict. It follows that the role of human rights in the prevention of war and armed conflict is very important. Since 2008 the Human Rights Council has been working on the ‘Promotion of the Right of Peoples to Peace.’ Pursuant resolutions 20/15 and 23/16 the Council decided firstly to establish, and secondly to extend the mandate of the Open-Ended Working Group (OEWG aimed at progressively negotiating a draft United Nations declaration on the right to peace. The OEGW welcomed in its second session (July 2014 the approach of the Chairperson-Rapporteur, which is basically based on the relationship between the right to life and human rights, peace and development.

  17. Situating peace journalism in journalism studies: A critical appraisal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas Hanitzsch

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available Most wars were not brought to our attention if there were no journalists to report on them and no news media to send reporters to conflict spots. At the same time, the media often give priority to conflict and war at the expense of playing a positive role in attempts to bring about peace. The concept of peace journalism is, therefore, seen as an alternative model to traditional ways of war reporting. This article argues, however, that the idea of peace journalism comes as old wine in new bottles. Although carrying a noble goal, it ignores the manifold nuances in the media and tends to highlight the exceptional, spectacular and negative of war coverage. The idea of peace journalism tends to overestimate the influence journalists and the media have on political decisions; and it often understands audiences in terms of a passive mass that needs to be enlightened by virtue of peace reporting. In addition to this, peace journalism is, to a considerable extent, based on an overly individualistic perspective and ignores the many structural constraints that shape and limit the work of journalists: few personnel, time and material resources; editorial procedures and hierarchies; textual constraints; availability of sources; access to the scene and information in general - just to name a few. All this suggests that the conduct of peace journalism is not a matter of individual leeway, and media structures and professional routines cannot be modified from the position of the individual journalist. Modern corporate journalism involves processes of organized news production, thus giving priority to organizational and institutional factors as well as processes of professional socialization. To have any impact on the way the news is made, and its critical scrutiny, the advocates of peace journalism must address the structural constraints of news production. The discussion of peace journalism, and particularly of its practical implications, must be tied to the

  18. Maintaining International Peace and Security: Reflections on Peace-Support Operations in Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Theo Neethling

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available The shift from a bipolar to a multipolar and multi-faceted world has reduced the risk of conventional inter-state wars, but has been the cause of several intra-state armed conflicts with an even higher risk of regional instability. Such conflicts and the resurgence of a global activism have produced a dramatic growth in peacekeeping requirements since the end of the previous decade. The international response, mainly through the United Nations (UN, has been to promote preventive diplomacy and, in a number of cases, to conduct peace-support operations. In brief, this paper points out that each UN peace-support operation places an extremely high premium on UN administration, organisation, coordination and resources. To this end, a multiplicity of contributions from various role-players is needed. It also points out that peace-support operations require significant commitments on the part of participating states, specifically the willingness to accept financial costs and fatalities in the interest of promoting international and regional stability. This is especially true in the case of African peacekeeping. This paper, furthermore, underscores the fact that the undertaking of peace-support operations in Africa is by no means a simple and easy task. The nature of peacekeeping missions in certain African countries have, in fact, resulted in an increasing reluctance on the part of the major powers and some of the other traditional troop-contributing nations to deploy on African soil. It concludes that the real impact of the post-Cold War era is that the burden of resolving African conflicts rests more and more on Africans. African countries and organisations are accordingly compelled to take measures and develop strategies to address the peacekeeping requirements on the continent.

  19. Life, Writing, and Peace: Reading Maxine Hong Kingston's The Fifth Book of Peace

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Te-Hsing Shan

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Unlike her former award-winning and critically acclaimed works, Maxine Hong Kingston's The Fifth Book of Peace has received little attention. This is an unthinkable phenomenon for a writer who has been hailed as one of the most widely taught authors living in the United States. One of the main reasons is that critics and reviewers do not know how to cope with this complicated, heterogeneous, and "weird" text that defies easy categorization. Nor do they know how to respond to the ways the author urges her readers to squarely face collective American traumas and symptoms through writing (especially the Vietnam War. This paper attempts to approach this intriguing text from the perspective of life writing. Part I points out the undue neglect of this book, refutes some serious misunderstandings, and offers "life writing" as a critical approach. Part II places this book in the context of Kingston's career and life trajectory in order to show that "peace" has always been her major concern. Part III argues that, whereas the 1991 Berkeley-Oakland fire destroyed the manuscript of her "Fourth Book of Peace" along with her house, this "baptism of fire" and its accompanying sense of devastation generated a special empathy, enabling her to better understand those who suffer, especially Vietnam War veterans. Part IV deals with both the subjects of writing trauma and trauma narrative and indicates how Kingston combines her writing expertise with the Buddhist mindfulness expounded by the Vietnamese monk Thich Nhat Hanh to lead the Veterans Writing Workshop. Finally, Part V stresses how Kingston and her writing community, by combining life, writing, and peace, tell their own stories and create new lives both personally and collectively.

  20. Charles Richet: medical scientist, innovator, peace thinker and savant.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewer, Nick

    2006-01-01

    This article looks at the life of Professor Charles Richet (1850-1935), a distinguished medical scientist who received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1913 for his work on anaphylaxis. He was also an aeroplane engineer, an investigator of psychic phenomena, active in the medical and international peace movement as a member of the leading peace organisations of the time including the International Medical Association for the Suppression of War, and the French Peace League. He also promoted controversial views about eugenics and the means of constructing what he considered to be a strong and healthy society.

  1. "A place for mutual reconciliation and peace?"

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pihl, Ole Verner

     ABSTRACT: How can we design urban environments rich in experience for embodied learning and play that support knowledge in the making? And how can knowing the metaphysical roots and fundament of other cultures create an environment for cross-cultural understanding?  To study the interrelations...... between garden, architecture, artefacts, media, discourses, embodied interaction and learning in educational environments, we as architects and urban planners must investigate and analyse the links between leisure, learning, architecture, narrative and interaction. The first part will look...... will suggest and discuss concrete solutions for the new Queen's Garden in the city of Aalborg. The Queen's Garden or the Peace Park contains six conceptual parts. The concept and intention of the park is: Knowing the metaphysical roots and fundament of other cultures can create urban environments rich...

  2. Mathematical foundations of neurocomputing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Amari, S. (Tokyo Univ. (Japan). Faculty of Engineering)

    1990-09-01

    Neurocomputing makes use of parallel dynamical interactions of modifiable neuron-like elements. It is important to show, by mathematical treatments, the capabilities and limitations of information processing by various architectures of neural networks. This paper, gives mathematical foundations to neurocomputing. It considers the capabilities of transformations by layered networks, statistical neurodynamics, the dynamical characteristics of associative memory, a general theory of neural learning, and self-organization of neural networks.

  3. The Foundation of Morality

    OpenAIRE

    Juul-Larsen, Astrid; Cathmont-Prynn, Penelope Josefine; Magnúsdóttir, Gu∂rún Ása; Brudvig, Mette Rubeck; Kirkegaard, Marie Louise

    2008-01-01

    In this project we have been working on the phenomenon of morality, more specifically the foundation in relation to religion. We have been looking into both psychology and philosophy, in aim to find answers to our research. As main objects of investigation we have worked with the philosopher and psychologist William James, along with the theologian Paul Tillich. Furthermore we have looked into the Divine command theory, along with several theories and arguments from various professionals with...

  4. Foundations of image science

    CERN Document Server

    Barrett, Harrison H

    2013-01-01

    Winner of the 2006 Joseph W. Goodman Book Writing Award! A comprehensive treatment of the principles, mathematics, and statistics of image science In today's visually oriented society, images play an important role in conveying messages. From seismic imaging to satellite images to medical images, our modern society would be lost without images to enhance our understanding of our health, our culture, and our world. Foundations of Image Science presents a comprehensive treatment of the principles, mathematics, and st

  5. Stochastic Games. I. Foundations,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-04-01

    stimulate discussion and critical coment. Requests for single copies of a Paper will be filled by the Cowles Foundation within the limits of the supply...underpinning for the theory of stochastic games. Section 2 is a reworking of the Bevley- Kohlberg result integrated with Shapley’s; the "black magic" of... Kohlberg : The values of the r-discount game, and the stationary optimal strategies, have Puiseaux expansions. L.. 11" 6 3. More generally, consider an

  6. Buckling of Bucket Foundations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Søren; Andersen, Lars Vabbersgaard; Ibsen, Lars Bo

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, the risk of structural buckling during installation of large-diameter bucket foundations is addressed using numerical methods. Imperfect geometries are introduced based on the pre-buckling mode shapes from a linear Eigenvalue buckling analysis. Various imperfect geometries...... are introduced to reveal how sensitive the buckling load is to the mentioned imperfections. Including the first 21 mode shapes as imperfect geometries reduces the buckling pressure compared to only considering mode 1....

  7. Topological Foundations of Electromagnetism

    CERN Document Server

    Barrett, Terrence W

    2008-01-01

    Topological Foundations of Electromagnetism seeks a fundamental understanding of the dynamics of electromagnetism; and marshals the evidence that in certain precisely defined topological conditions, electromagnetic theory (Maxwell's theory) must be extended or generalized in order to provide an explanation and understanding of, until now, unusual electromagnetic phenomena. Key to this generalization is an understanding of the circumstances under which the so-called A potential fields have physical effects. Basic to the approach taken is that the topological composition of electromagnetic field

  8. Mathematical foundations of thermodynamics

    CERN Document Server

    Giles, R; Stark, M; Ulam, S

    2013-01-01

    Mathematical Foundations of Thermodynamics details the core concepts of the mathematical principles employed in thermodynamics. The book discusses the topics in a way that physical meanings are assigned to the theoretical terms. The coverage of the text includes the mechanical systems and adiabatic processes; topological considerations; and equilibrium states and potentials. The book also covers Galilean thermodynamics; symmetry in thermodynamics; and special relativistic thermodynamics. The book will be of great interest to practitioners and researchers of disciplines that deal with thermodyn

  9. Design of road foundations

    OpenAIRE

    Thom, Nicholas

    1988-01-01

    Research has been conducted into the fundamental mechanical properties of a granular material. This has involved the use of both a repeated load triaxial apparatus and a new hollow cylinder apparatus, which has required development and modification. Building on the foundation of earlier research at Nottingham, models have been developed which predict the stress-strain behaviour of a dry granular material under any combination of applied stresses. This includes repeatable elastic behaviour and...

  10. Rethinking Peace-Building in East Asia: The Case of Japan’s Struggle over History in Postwar Era

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaohua Ma

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available What is the relationship between the museum and the state? More precisely, in what way does the publicly sponsored museum reflect efforts by the state to expand its power at large? And how do its efforts contribute to the transformation of a nation's identity? These questions have recently begun to be raised not only in the Western context, but also among Asian countries. In Japan, as in most countries, the museum is not just a neutral public space where visitors come to view paintings, sculptures, or valuable cultural and historical heritages. As with other aspects of Japanese cultural life, the museum has become highly politicized in recent years. Both in their conceptual foundations and contents, Japanese museums established in the postwar era reflect very specific political ends. This paper focuses on one peace museum, which is an important tool for peace-building, Peace Osaka, established in Japan’s second largest city, to examine how Japan’s national identity has transformed politically and socially in the postwar era. By comparing different memories of war created in different periods in this public museum, we understand how a nation attempts to reconstruct its national identity through the process of selecting historical facts to exhibit in the museum. Furthermore, through the examination of historical controversy in East Asia, we will understand how a nation deals with its conflicting national narratives in the global era.

  11. Wronski's Foundations of Mathematics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wagner, Roi

    2016-09-01

    Argument This paper reconstructs Wronski's philosophical foundations of mathematics. It uses his critique of Lagrange's algebraic analysis as a vignette to introduce the problems that he raised, and argues that these problems have not been properly appreciated by his contemporaries and subsequent commentators. The paper goes on to reconstruct Wronski's mathematical law of creation and his notions of theory and techne, in order to put his objections to Lagrange in their philosophical context. Finally, Wronski's proof of his universal law (the expansion of a given function by any series of functions) is reviewed in terms of the above reconstruction. I argue that Wronski's philosophical approach poses an alternative to the views of his contemporary mainstream mathematicians, which brings up the contingency of their choices, and bridges the foundational concerns of early modernity with those of the twentieth-century foundations crisis. I also argue that Wronski's views may be useful to contemporary philosophy of mathematical practice, if they are read against their metaphysical grain.

  12. Foundations of chaotic mixing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wiggins, Stephen; Ottino, Julio M

    2004-05-15

    The simplest mixing problem corresponds to the mixing of a fluid with itself; this case provides a foundation on which the subject rests. The objective here is to study mixing independently of the mechanisms used to create the motion and review elements of theory focusing mostly on mathematical foundations and minimal models. The flows under consideration will be of two types: two-dimensional (2D) 'blinking flows', or three-dimensional (3D) duct flows. Given that mixing in continuous 3D duct flows depends critically on cross-sectional mixing, and that many microfluidic applications involve continuous flows, we focus on the essential aspects of mixing in 2D flows, as they provide a foundation from which to base our understanding of more complex cases. The baker's transformation is taken as the centrepiece for describing the dynamical systems framework. In particular, a hierarchy of characterizations of mixing exist, Bernoulli --> mixing --> ergodic, ordered according to the quality of mixing (the strongest first). Most importantly for the design process, we show how the so-called linked twist maps function as a minimal picture of mixing, provide a mathematical structure for understanding the type of 2D flows that arise in many micromixers already built, and give conditions guaranteeing the best quality mixing. Extensions of these concepts lead to first-principle-based designs without resorting to lengthy computations.

  13. Implementing peace journalism: The role of conflict stages

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Burkhard Bläsi

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Efforts to put the ideas of peace journalism into practice have so far largely neglected the role of the different stages of conflicts. With reference to an empirically-based model of six factors that influence the production of conflict coverage, this article examines how the preconditions of news production differ in three different stages of conflict: (1 nonviolent conflict, (2 violent conflict, (3 aftermath of violent conflict. The author shows how the differing preconditions of news production impact the chances for realising peace journalism. In the light of findings that suggest that peace journalism is harder to realise in wartime and if the journalists' own country is involved, the author argues in favour of changing the focus of implementation towards nonviolent stages of conflict. The ideas of peace journalism must be anchored within a society in peacetime; only then will they have a chance of sustainable realisation in wartime.

  14. Colombia: the peace process and solutions for forced migrants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeisson Oswaldo Martínez Leguízamo

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available If, as seems likely, Colombia reaches a peace agreement to end its long internal conflict, the settlement may create the political and legal conditions to solve the phenomenon of forced migration of its citizens.

  15. Reflections on Peace-Support Operations in Africa

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    places an extremely high premium on UN administration, organisation, co- ordination and ... This is followed by an analysis of completed UN peace-support operations in Africa with .... international influence and obligations as peacekeeping.

  16. Atoms for Peace Exhibition Science Bringing Nations Together

    CERN Multimedia

    2000-01-01

    CERN and JINR are providing safeguards on peaceful use of the potential of the Russian military and industrial complex by implementing scientific projects of the International Science and Technology Centre (ISTC).

  17. Hamas may evolve as peace champion like Sharon-Musharraf

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    "Radical palestinian movement Hamas may follow a political evolution like Israel's premier Ariel Sharon and become champion for peace in the Middle East, pakistani President Pervez Musharraf said" (1/2 page)

  18. The world in turmoil: Promotion of peace and international ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... observed by ancient Greek city-states before, during and immediately after the Games. ... However, according to the United Nations (UN) peace should not be ... be defined in the context of absence of oppression or discrimination, racism, ...

  19. War, Peace and Stabilisation: Critically Reconceptualising Stability in Southern Afghanistan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    William Robert Carter

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This article critically treats stabilisation theory and programming through a perspective of peace and conflict, and argues for stabilisation’s reconceptualisation. Through tracking the concept’s emergence, it outlines that stabilisation is theoretically rooted in an insecurity-underdevelopment problematic and relies on the Liberal Peace thesis as a solution. When this concept was operationalised in southern Afghanistan, however, it was translated into a praxis informed by state-building and counterinsurgency imperatives. This approach ultimately produced confused, sometimes counterproductive, effects: simultaneously engendering a liberal, negative, rented and victor’s peace. The article concludes by arguing that stabilisation should be reconceptualised so that it pursues a positive and hybrid peace if it is to be a more effective source of guidance for policy and practice. The first step is to denaturalise the ‘formal’ state in conflict and fragile environments as being seen as a panacea to all ills of instability.

  20. Peace in Colombia and solutions for its displaced people

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martin Gottwald

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available With the prospect of peace comes the need to find solutions for those displaced during 50 years of fighting. Solutions will not come without comprehensive attention to the factors affecting IDPs and refugees.

  1. FROM WAR ECONOMIES TO PEACE ECONOMIES IN AFRICA

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Abel

    to policy-makers in order to ensure that this transition from war to peace economies does indeed take .... society and outside actors.22 Any valuable discussion about war economies must ...... of Angola, Colombia, Sierra Leone and Sri Lanka.

  2. Colombia: the peace process and solutions for forced migrants

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Jeisson Oswaldo Martínez Leguízamo

    2016-01-01

      If, as seems likely, Colombia reaches a peace agreement to end its long internal conflict, the settlement may create the political and legal conditions to solve the phenomenon of forced migration of its citizens...

  3. Prokofiev: War and Peace - Symphonic Suite (arr. Palmer) / Ivan March

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    March, Ivan

    1993-01-01

    Uuest heliplaadist "Prokofiev: War and Peace - Symphonic Suite (arr. Palmer), Summer Night, Op. 123. Russian Overture, Op. 72. Philharmonia Orchestra / Neeme Järvi. Chandos ABTD 1598 CHAN9096 (64 minutes:DDD) Igor - Polovtsian Dances

  4. Government Districts, Other - Justice of the Peace Districts

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This dataset contains polygons which represent justice of the peace boundaries for the State of Arkansas. By Arkansas law, the political subdivisions of the State...

  5. Person and community: Sustaintability of a path to peace

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Ricardo Perfecto Sánchez

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Violence and peace coexistence in all their expressions, they have been a stigma of human being always, since original presence in the world until today, recognizing that, this social phenomenon has not been uniform neither equally in regard to intensity trough history.Social violence and peace have been product of free decisions of women and men, considerated individual and socially. Ordinary both have been taken great care for obtaining material comfort, leaving behind their spiritual attention, which doesn´t exclude the first one.This reductionist vision of man has propitiated violence increased in our days so that it constrains us to rebuild a culture of peace founded on vital conception of new man like a person and participative member of community. For this, we resort to analysis and synthesis of expersts on studies about peace and total nature o every human being.

  6. Prokofiev: War and Peace - Symphonic Suite (arr. Palmer) / Ivan March

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    March, Ivan

    1993-01-01

    Uuest heliplaadist "Prokofiev: War and Peace - Symphonic Suite (arr. Palmer), Summer Night, Op. 123. Russian Overture, Op. 72. Philharmonia Orchestra / Neeme Järvi. Chandos ABTD 1598 CHAN9096 (64 minutes:DDD) Igor - Polovtsian Dances

  7. E-Governance for Peace and National Development | Ingawa ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    E-Governance for Peace and National Development. ... (ICT) is the process and distribution of data using computer hardware and software. ... This paper is situated within the global experience, where many countries have advanced in their ...

  8. Implementing peace settlements: multiple motivations, factionalism and implementation design

    OpenAIRE

    Lynch, Catherine

    2002-01-01

    This research seeks to explain the obstacles to the implementation of peace settlements and to the consolidation of more co-operative and stable political systems in the aftermath of civil conflicts. Peace processes are explored through comparative observation and the theoretical modelling of strategic interactions in the immediate post-settlement implementation process. The study develops the argument that in the factionalism that characterises parties to a civil conflict, and in the multipl...

  9. Peace Education: Perspectives from Germany and Israel. Interviews with Haim Gordon (Israel) and Christoph Wulf (Germany). Peace Education Miniprints No. 44.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bjerstedt, Ake, Ed.

    The project group "Preparedness for Peace" at the Lund University Malmo School of Education in Sweden studies ways of helping children and young people to deal constructively with questions of peace and war. As part of this work, experts with special interests in competence in areas related to peace education are interviewed. This…

  10. Concepts of peace education: A view of western experience

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burns, Robin; Aspeslagh, Robert

    1983-09-01

    Approaches to the theory and practice of peace education are as varied as the situations across the world in which it is undertaken. Against a framework established by the Peace Education Commission of IPRA, current trends in the conceptualization and experience of peace education (from a Western view-point) are considered and reveal (1) acceptance of `development' with `justice' and `human rights' as integral to the concept of peace; (2) emphasis on the psychological as well as socio-political, economic and structural conditions that maintain present injustices and oppressions; (3) renewed efforts to try out innovative educational approaches to a variety of learning situations, from the pre-school to adult formal and non-formal settings; (4) new concern about the materials, content and techniques of learning; and (5) fresh examination of the inter-relationships between theory and practice, research and action. Analyzing a number of conceptual approaches to peace and disarmament education, the authors support a political, participatory strategy and set it in a historical context. Hence, its connection with development education and the significance and implications of a global perspective are demonstrated. The global perspective is seen as a growing-point for peace education today, providing the potential for political consciousness and action.

  11. Community based rehabilitation: a strategy for peace-building

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hodgson Jennifer

    2002-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Certain features of peace-building distinguish it from peacekeeping, and make it an appropriate strategy in dealing with vertical conflict and low intensity conflict. However, some theorists suggest that attempts, through peace-building, to impose liberal values upon non-democratic cultures are misguided and lack an ethical basis. Discussion We have been investigating the peace-building properties of community based approaches to disability in a number of countries. This paper describes the practice and impact of peace-building through Community Based Rehabilitation (CBR strategies in the context of armed conflict. The ethical basis for peace-building through practical community initiatives is explored. A number of benefits and challenges to using CBR strategies for peace-building purposes are identified. Summary During post-conflict reconstruction, disability is a powerful emotive lever that can be used to mobilize cooperation between factions. We suggest that civil society, in contrast to state-level intervention, has a valuable role in reducing the risks of conflict through community initiatives.

  12. Seeking discursive spaces for peace in media-sport narratives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nancy K. Rivenburgh

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Peace scholars have emphasized the importance of locating peace education outside of formal education or mainstream political rhetoric and into our daily interactions with media, religion, art, music, or sport. This essay argues that the context of international media-sport, despite its emphasis on confrontation and national competition, may offer what Bruck (1989; 1993 calls ‘discursive opportunities’ or ‘spaces’ for peace. After reviewing the relationships among sport, media, and peace, the author identifies five attributes, or facilitative conditions, that are known to foster cooperative and non-violent intergroup relations and are compatible with media narratives of sport. The attributes, derived from the literatures of intercultural communication, social psychology, and peace studies, include: cooperative framing, humanizing the other, conferring status on international relationships, equalization, and positive expectations through ritualization. Examples of how these attributes may appear as story elements are presented in order to demonstrate that subtle, yet persistent, messages for peace might be located within the dominant media narratives of sport.

  13. The foundational ontology library ROMULUS

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Khan, ZC

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available A purpose of a foundational ontology is to solve interoperability issues among domain ontologies and they are used for ontology- driven conceptual data modelling. Multiple foundational ontologies have been developed in recent years, and most of them...

  14. Scour around Offshore Windturbine Foundations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Brian Juul; De Vos, Leen; Frigaard, Peter

    For the present report a testprogramme has been performed to determine the scour around offshore windturbine foundations.......For the present report a testprogramme has been performed to determine the scour around offshore windturbine foundations....

  15. Brain and Behavior Research Foundation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Stress Disorder View All > Donate DONATE TODAY! > The Brain & Behavior Research Foundation is committed to alleviating the suffering caused ... and breakthroughs in scientific research. Copyright © 2016 the brain & behavior research foundation Privacy Policy Legal Notices and Disclaimers

  16. A PARADOX: FIGHT FOR PEACE FROM OUR TRENCHES. UNDERSTANDING VIOLENCE IN SCHOOLS TO TURN IT INTO PEACE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Guadalupe Martínez-González

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Peace must be achieved among all; from within families in every home and school environments, through teachers and students. Relevant is the function that corresponds to the teacher in the daily work to fight for peace. To get there, you need to understand before some origins of violence from an early age of basic education. Mainly, with adolescents who go through a stage of life where they can touch the boundaries of violence and lost in it. To avoid this, parents and teachers should mark limits. Discipline, communication and prevention programs are some of the actions that are to be taken to achieve this. In schools, teachers’ challenges are enormous. To consolidate a culture of peace must live values as tolerance, freedom, responsibility, fairness, cooperation and respect. And so, achieve peace through equitable distribution of power.

  17. Wave Forces on Windturbine Foundations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Brian Juul; Frigaard, Peter

    A testprogramme has been performed to determine the wave forces on two types of foundations for an offshore windturbine. the tested foundation types are a monopile and cone. Furthermore the shaft of the cone has been tested.......A testprogramme has been performed to determine the wave forces on two types of foundations for an offshore windturbine. the tested foundation types are a monopile and cone. Furthermore the shaft of the cone has been tested....

  18. Serving in Africa: US Peace Corps in Cameroon Dienst in Afrika: Das US Peace Corps in Kamerun

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julius A. Amin

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Based on a variety of primary sources including recently declassified documents, interviews in Cameroon, letters, and Peace Corps Volunteers’ personal correspondence, this study examines the service of the US Peace Corps in “Agroforestry” and “Small Enterprise Development” in Cameroon. The study argues that Volunteers were ill trained, ill prepared, and ill equipped for service in Cameroon, and as a result did not achieve Goal 1 of the Peace Corps Act, which calls on the agency to assist developing nations in gaining “trained manpower”. The study has broader implications, as it raises questions about the relevance of Peace Corps-like organizations in Cameroon, and in African nations as a whole. It focuses on Cameroon for a variety of reasons, among which is that Cameroon is one of only three nations in Africa in which Volunteers have served uninterruptedly since 1962.Dieser Beitrag untersucht die Entwicklungshilfepraxis des US Peace Corps in Kamerun in den Bereichen Agroforstwirtschaft und Kleinunternehmen. Er basiert auf Primärquellen, wie erst kürzlich freigegebenen Dokumenten, privaten Korrespondenzen der Entwicklungshelfer („Volunteers“ und Interviews in Kamerun. Der Autor kommt zu dem Schluss, dass die fachliche Qualifikation der Peace-Corps-Entwicklungshelfer nicht angemessen war und dass sie auf ihre Aufgaben in Kamerun schlecht vorbereitet und nur unzureichend ausgerüstet wurden. Aus diesem Grund sei das vorrangige Ziel des Peace Corps – Entwicklungsländer bei der Ausbildung von Arbeitskräften zu unterstützen – gar nicht zu erreichen gewesen. Er stellt darüber hinaus die Frage nach der Relevanz entsprechender Organisationen in Kamerun und in Afrika generell. Der Beitrag konzentriert sich unter anderem deshalb auf Kamerun, weil dies eines der drei Länder Afrikas ist, in denen seit 1962 ununterbrochen Entwicklungshelfer des Peace Corps gearbeitet haben.

  19. Instant Zurb Foundation 4

    CERN Document Server

    Arévalo, Jorge

    2013-01-01

    A quick and easy guide that follows a practical approach to rapidly create responsive web pages using Foundation 4 framework, following the mobile-first philosophy.If you are a web developer who wants to get the most out of your HTML5/CSS/JavaScript skills, this book is ideal for you. It is assumed that you will have some experience with these languages, but for those who don't, you can also be up and running in an instant.

  20. Web services foundations

    CERN Document Server

    Bouguettaya, Athman; Daniel, Florian

    2013-01-01

    Web services and Service-Oriented Computing (SOC) have become thriving areas of academic research, joint university/industry research projects, and novel IT products on the market. SOC is the computing paradigm that uses Web services as building blocks for the engineering of composite, distributed applications out of the reusable application logic encapsulated by Web services. Web services could be considered the best-known and most standardized technology in use today for distributed computing over the Internet.Web Services Foundations is the first installment of a two-book collection coverin

  1. Mathematical foundations of elasticity

    CERN Document Server

    Marsden, Jerrold E

    1994-01-01

    This advanced-level study approaches mathematical foundations of three-dimensional elasticity using modern differential geometry and functional analysis. It is directed to mathematicians, engineers and physicists who wish to see this classical subject in a modern setting with examples of newer mathematical contributions. Prerequisites include a solid background in advanced calculus and the basics of geometry and functional analysis.The first two chapters cover the background geometry ― developed as needed ― and use this discussion to obtain the basic results on kinematics and dynamics of con

  2. Foundations of Galois theory

    CERN Document Server

    Postnikov, MM; Stark, M; Ulam, S

    1962-01-01

    Foundations of Galois Theory is an introduction to group theory, field theory, and the basic concepts of abstract algebra. The text is divided into two parts. Part I presents the elements of Galois Theory, in which chapters are devoted to the presentation of the elements of field theory, facts from the theory of groups, and the applications of Galois Theory. Part II focuses on the development of general Galois Theory and its use in the solution of equations by radicals. Equations that are solvable by radicals; the construction of equations solvable by radicals; and the unsolvability by radica

  3. Foundations of Inference

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kevin H. Knuth

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available We present a simple and clear foundation for finite inference that unites and significantly extends the approaches of Kolmogorov and Cox. Our approach is based on quantifying lattices of logical statements in a way that satisfies general lattice symmetries. With other applications such as measure theory in mind, our derivations assume minimal symmetries, relying on neither negation nor continuity nor differentiability. Each relevant symmetry corresponds to an axiom of quantification, and these axioms are used to derive a unique set of quantifying rules that form the familiar probability calculus. We also derive a unique quantification of divergence, entropy and information.

  4. System Reliability Analysis: Foundations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-07-01

    performance formulas for systems subject to pre- ventive maintenance are given. V * ~, , 9 D -2 SYSTEM RELIABILITY ANALYSIS: FOUNDATIONS Richard E...reliability in this case is V P{s can communicate with the terminal t = h(p) Sp2(((((p p)p) p)p)gp) + p(l -p)(((pL p)p)(p 2 JLp)) + p(l -p)((p(p p...For undirected networks, the basic reference is A. Satyanarayana and Kevin Wood (1982). For directed networks, the basic reference is Avinash

  5. Foundations of Power

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lev, Amnon

    The categories of law play an essential part in the elaboration of the concept of the modern state. From the 17th century society is perceived to be the product of the free will of its citizens, as expressed in their consent to the social contract. Contract thus becomes the conceptual foundation...... in which human freedom is translated into civil authority. The system of this translation is natural law.   The dissertation traces the genesis and the disintegration of the tradition of modern natural law in the period from the 17th to the 19th century. It shows how the format of 20th century...

  6. Problem solving in foundation engineering using foundationPro

    CERN Document Server

    Yamin, Mohammad

    2016-01-01

    This book is at once a supplement to traditional foundation engineering textbooks and an independent problem-solving learning tool. The book is written primarily for university students majoring in civil or construction engineering taking foundation analysis and design courses to encourage them to solve design problems. Its main aim is to stimulate problem solving capability and foster self-directed learning. It also explains the use of the foundationPro software, available at no cost, and includes a set of foundation engineering applications. Taking a unique approach, Dr. Yamin summarizes the general step-by-step procedure to solve various foundation engineering problems, illustrates traditional applications of these steps with longhand solutions, and presents the foundationPro solutions. The special structure of the book allows it to be used in undergraduate and graduate foundation design and analysis courses in civil and construction engineering. The book stands as valuable resource for students, faculty, ...

  7. Mathematical foundations of biomechanics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niederer, Peter F

    2010-01-01

    The aim of biomechanics is the analysis of the structure and function of humans, animals, and plants by means of the methods of mechanics. Its foundations are in particular embedded in mathematics, physics, and informatics. Due to the inherent multidisciplinary character deriving from its aim, biomechanics has numerous connections and overlapping areas with biology, biochemistry, physiology, and pathophysiology, along with clinical medicine, so its range is enormously wide. This treatise is mainly meant to serve as an introduction and overview for readers and students who intend to acquire a basic understanding of the mathematical principles and mechanics that constitute the foundation of biomechanics; accordingly, its contents are limited to basic theoretical principles of general validity and long-range significance. Selected examples are included that are representative for the problems treated in biomechanics. Although ultimate mathematical generality is not in the foreground, an attempt is made to derive the theory from basic principles. A concise and systematic formulation is thereby intended with the aim that the reader is provided with a working knowledge. It is assumed that he or she is familiar with the principles of calculus, vector analysis, and linear algebra.

  8. US Foreign Policy and Aid to the Peace Corps

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Donald D.A. Schaefer

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: This study examined foreign aid as administered by the US Agency for International Development (USAID through four presidencies, beginning with the Reagan era. Aid dispensed to the Peace Corps for humanitarian purposes was the major focus of the investigation. The research proposed that such aid should continue under the President Barack Obama administration. Approach: The approach taken used both qualitative analyses of the four administrations along with quantitative analyses of the data from USAID. Results: The findings indicated that, while many forms of economic and military assistance had been both used and abused throughout much of American history, the Peace Corps created under President John F. Kennedy presented an exception. However, the Peace Corps had received both benefit and harm as a beneficiary of US foreign aid due to fluctuating economic realities associated with the federal budget. President Reagan was a strong supporter of the Peace Corps; yet, it was “under his watch” that the Gramm-Rudman-Hollings Deficit Reduction Act of 1985 was passed, which negatively influenced nearly all forms of economic and military assistance distributed through USAID. Starting with President Clinton’s second term funding for USAID dramatically increased. Conclusion: The Peace Corps was not immune to the adverse effects, but funding also increased under President Clinton. From this time onward, the Peace Corps has enjoyed a high level of political and financial support, a scenario that deserves to be continued under President Obama. This study can help future analyses of the US presidential responses to the giving of assistance to the Peace Corps.

  9. Step by Step to Peace in Syria

    CERN Document Server

    Parens, Raphael

    2016-01-01

    The revolution and Civil War in Syria has led to substantial death and suffering, a massive refugee crisis, and growth of ISIS extremism and its terror attacks globally. Conflict between disparate groups is ongoing. Complex ethnic geography is a central reason for the large number of different groups in conflict as this geography leads to local allegiances that do not aggregate at the national scale. We have previously demonstrated that, where ethnic groups exist in geographic patches of 20-60 km in diameter, there is a high probability of conflict. We have also shown that establishing local autonomy through subnational boundaries (as is found in Switzerland) is a means of alleviating conflict. Our analysis suggests that providing some level of local autonomy to the ethnic groups would reduce the impetus for local conflict and could serve as a basis for peace and stability. Here we propose that interventions should be pursued to stop specific individual local conflicts, creating safe zones, that can be expand...

  10. Fraction Sense: Foundational Understandings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fennell, Francis Skip; Karp, Karen

    2016-08-09

    The intent of this commentary is to identify elements of fraction sense and note how the research studies provided in this special issue, in related but somewhat different ways, validate the importance of such understandings. Proficiency with fractions serves as a prerequisite for student success in higher level mathematics, as well as serving as a gateway to many occupations and varied contexts beyond the mathematics classroom. Fraction sense is developed through instructional opportunities involving fraction equivalence and magnitude, comparing and ordering fractions, using fraction benchmarks, and computational estimation. Such foundations are then extended to operations involving fractions and decimals and applications involving proportional reasoning. These components of fraction sense are all addressed in the studies provided in this issue, with particular consideration devoted to the significant importance of the use of the number line as a central representational tool for conceptually understanding fraction magnitude.

  11. Foundations of quantum gravity

    CERN Document Server

    Lindesay, James

    2013-01-01

    Exploring how the subtleties of quantum coherence can be consistently incorporated into Einstein’s theory of gravitation, this book is ideal for researchers interested in the foundations of relativity and quantum physics. The book examines those properties of coherent gravitating systems that are most closely connected to experimental observations. Examples of consistent co-gravitating quantum systems whose overall effects upon the geometry are independent of the coherence state of each constituent are provided, and the properties of the trapping regions of non-singular black objects, black holes, and a dynamic de Sitter cosmology are discussed analytically, numerically, and diagrammatically. The extensive use of diagrams to summarise the results of the mathematics enables readers to bypass the need for a detailed understanding of the steps involved. Assuming some knowledge of quantum physics and relativity, the book provides textboxes featuring supplementary information for readers particularly interested ...

  12. The foundation of physicianship.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fuks, Abraham; Brawer, James; Boudreau, J Donald

    2012-01-01

    Although the practice of medicine continually changes in response to new biomedical understanding, novel technologies, and evolving cultural contexts, the ethical foundations of the clinical relationship between patient and physician paradoxically remain constant. There are fundamental characteristics with respect to character, behavior, and responsibilities that are descriptive of and necessary to the role of healer and that underpin the notion of physicianship. This article discusses the underlying characteristics or virtues that are necessary to the practice of medicine from the perspectives of three different philosophic traditions: the Aristotelian idea of phronesis as developed in the work of Edmund Pellegrino; the notion of alterity as framed by Emmanuel Levinas; and the attributes necessary to healing as laid out in the kabbala.

  13. Peace Negotiations in the Third World: A Comparative Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raúl Benítez Manaut

    1995-01-01

    Full Text Available In this article the negotiations and peace processes in the Third World are analized from a comparative viewpoint in order to focus in on the case of Centroamerica. Reference is made to the special features and common elements of those peace processes in otherregions of the Third World and they are compared to those which have taken place in Centroamerica. It is a retrospective and comparative analysis. For this reason, the author has decided to carry out a brief typology of those conflicts offered by Centroamerica: inNicaragua, El Salvador and Guatemala. Later, the author goes on to analyse the most relevant peace and negotiation processes involving the Third World including one or two from Latin America: the cases of Panama, Afghanistan, Iran-Iraq, Colombia, southern Africa (South Africa, Namibia and Angola and Cambodia. Later, the author goes overthe peace process periods in Centroamerica and the temporary contradictions which are presented by internal conflict, regional conflict and geopolitical conflict. Finally, a comparative methodological exercise is carried out which allows to focus on modes of implementation of the peace processes.

  14. Gema Perdamaian: Tourism, Religion and Peace in Multicultural Bali

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shinji Yamashita

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available AbstractBalinese tourism has experienced serious challengesbecause of such negative incidents as the bombings bythe Muslim terrorists in the Balinese resort of Kuta in2002 and 2005. The inter-faith measures enacted as partof the crisis management for Balinese tourism after thebombings on 12 October 2002 are particularly interesting.These measures included joint- prayers to promote interreligiousharmony such as the prayer for world peace, DoaPerdamainan Dunia dari Bali (“Prayer for Peace of the Worldfrom Bali” on 21 October 2002, which was attended bythe minister of religious affairs, who is himself Muslim. Inthis event the bombings were then interpreted by Balineseas an expression of the anger of gods, a consequence ofbad karma. Therefore, a massive ceremony, involving themost powerful priests, was carried out on 15 November2002 in order to cleanse Bali of the trauma of the bombingand restore peace. Since then the “prayer for peace” (GemaPerdamaian, literally “Echo of Peace” has continued to beheld on 12 October every year. By focusing on this eventand the Balinese peace movement after the bombings,this paper discusses a new relationship between tourism,religion and peace within the framework of multiculturalBali in the age of transnationalism.

  15. Lebanese Young Citizens’ Attitudes toward Peace and Democracy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khayrazad Kari Jabbour

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Lebanon is a small democratic country with a population of less than four million and a range of diversity; there are at least 18 different religious sects and 19 different political parties. The diversity among ethnic, religious and/or political groups has created conflicts that severely impact the Lebanese economy, environment, politics and most importance our young citizens. The aim of this investigation is to capture students’ awareness and attitudes toward the accountability and mechanisms of peace and democracy. Data for the study was obtained from extensive literature reviews and questionnaire surveys of 70 high school students. The investigation was conducted in the fall of the year 2013. The results of the study showed that most Lebanese young citizen view peace and democracy process associated with the end of violence and conflict behaviors; very small percent of respondents believe that bringing peace and democracy process should be answered by the people or by themselves. Results also indicate a lack of a sense of security among young citizen. This raises the urgent need to put into practice an effective peace education program that inspires and motivates young citizens to be involved in the peace and the democracy building process.

  16. Peace in The Basque Country. An Interpretation from Social Meanings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xavier Mínguez-Alcaide

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The study goal is to identify key elements for the peace building in the Basque Country from the visions of the citizenship. Following this objective, the paper presents a psycho-social approach to the building of peace in the Basque Country from meanings socially constructed. The study was developed on the basis of 60 interviews made to people of different sectors from the Basque society, and analyzed from a qualitative analysis. The results aim at 7 central elements for the construction of peace in the Basque Country: the ETA end; changes on antiterrorist and penitentiary policy of the Spanish State; to repair of integral way to the victims of human rights violations committed by ETA and compatible groups, the terrorism of tardo-francoist groups, and the Spanish state; dialogue, negotiation and agreements; the paper of the civil society for peace; the work by memory; psycho-social changes. Finally, this concludes about the needs to approach the construction of peace in the Basque Country being followed a complex optics and considering the social, political and psycho-social dimensions.

  17. The quest for Pax Africana : The case of the African Union's peace ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The quest for Pax Africana : The case of the African Union's peace and security ... responsibility for the maintenance of peace and security on the continent. ... As the institutions and processes constituting the APSA are coming into operation, ...

  18. Think positive peace in practice. Evaluating the effectiveness of the United Nations in the implementation of a comprehensive peace

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Madalena Moita

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available The insistence of the return of violence in countries where the UN has intervened to promote peace has fuelled a debate about the effectiveness of international instruments for conflict resolution. This article reflects on the progress that these instruments were having in response to the recurrence of violence in light of what has been an approach to the concept of positive peace of Johan Galtung. From two case studies (Guatemala and Haiti marked by changes in the discourse and practice of the United Nations that this approach inspired, it is argued that the UN instruments for peace would be so much more effective when they respect the author's proposal, not only with regard to results they intend to achieve, but also in the way positive peace is operationalised on the ground. Analyses − as difficulties in implementing more comprehensive, local and inclusive processes that would affect the promotion of more sustainable peace − also contaminate the mechanisms used to assess their effectiveness.

  19. Measuring Government Expenditure Efficiencies Towards Peace and Human Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad Danu Prasetyo

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we investigate the efficiency level of government expenditure in 82 countries towards the human development and peace index of the respective countries by using Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA approach during 2007-2011. We found that only few countries that always being positioned in the efficient frontier during the sample period, namely: Japan, Nigeria, and Norway.  By using Malmquist index approach, we also found that Cyprus has the largest government expenditure efficiency improvement.Keywords: Government Expenditure Efficiencies, Human Development Index, Global Peace Indexdoi:10.12695/ajtm.2013.6.2.3 How to cite this article:Prasetyo, A.D., and Pudjono, A.N.S. (2013. Measuring Government Expenditure Efficiencies Towards Peace and Human Development. The Asian Journal of Technology Management 6 (2: 82-91. Print ISSN: 1978-6956; Online ISSN: 2089-791X. doi:10.12695/ajtm.2013.6.2.3

  20. Beyond peaceful coexistence the emergence of space, time and quantum

    CERN Document Server

    2016-01-01

    Beyond Peaceful Coexistence: The Emergence of Space, Time and Quantum brings together leading academics in mathematics and physics to address going beyond the 'peaceful coexistence' of space-time descriptions (local and continuous ones) and quantum events (discrete and non-commutative ones). Formidable challenges waiting beyond the Standard Model require a new semantic consistency within the theories in order to build new ways of understanding, working and relating to them. The original A. Shimony meaning of the peaceful coexistence (the collapse postulate and non-locality) appear to be just the tip of the iceberg in relation to more serious fundamental issues across physics as a whole.Chapters in this book present perspectives on emergent, discrete, geometrodynamic and topological approaches, as well as a new interpretative spectrum of quantum theories after Copenhagen, discrete time theories, time-less approaches and 'super-fluid' pictures of space-time.As well as stimulating further research among establis...

  1. The logical foundations of mathematics

    CERN Document Server

    Hatcher, William S

    1981-01-01

    The Logical Foundations of Mathematics offers a study of the foundations of mathematics, stressing comparisons between and critical analyses of the major non-constructive foundational systems. The position of constructivism within the spectrum of foundational philosophies is discussed, along with the exact relationship between topos theory and set theory.Comprised of eight chapters, this book begins with an introduction to first-order logic. In particular, two complete systems of axioms and rules for the first-order predicate calculus are given, one for efficiency in proving metatheorems, and

  2. The Volunteers. The Peace Corps Educational Television (ETV) Project in Colombia: Two Years of Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Comstock, George; And Others

    For this report on a two-year Peace Corps project designed to implement educational television (ETV) into Colombia schools, the Peace Corps Volunteers who participated are investigated. The history and experience of these Volunteers in the Peace Corps are sketched first. Next, the consequences for them of serving in a large, integrated, special…

  3. An Emerging Institution: The University for Peace in Costa Rica. Discussion Paper Series, No. 73.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laughlin, Margaret A.

    A new United Nations college, the University for Peace in Costa Rica, is discussed. After providing a brief historical sketch on peace efforts since the Ancient Greeks, the objectives of the United Nations University are identified. The University for Peace is a new international university that is part of the United Nations University network, a…

  4. Literacy Teaching Method and Peace Building in Multi-Ethnic Communities of Nigeria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adelore, Omobola; Majaro-Majesty, Henry

    2008-01-01

    The challenge of peace building in Nigeria is increasing as communities continue to show adversary tendencies. This is happening even after many third party conflict transformation efforts have been expended to resolve and set a conducive climate for stakeholders to sustain peace. Some peace building assessment projects have indicated that the…

  5. Contributions of Positive Psychology to Peace: Toward Global Well-Being and Resilience

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohrs, J. Christopher; Christie, Daniel J.; White, Mathew P.; Das, Chaitali

    2013-01-01

    In this article, we analyze the relationship between positive psychology and peace psychology. We discuss how positive emotions, engagement, meaning, personal well-being, and resilience may impact peace at different levels, ranging from the personal and interpersonal to community, national, and global peace. First, we argue that an…

  6. Contributions of Positive Psychology to Peace: Toward Global Well-Being and Resilience

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohrs, J. Christopher; Christie, Daniel J.; White, Mathew P.; Das, Chaitali

    2013-01-01

    In this article, we analyze the relationship between positive psychology and peace psychology. We discuss how positive emotions, engagement, meaning, personal well-being, and resilience may impact peace at different levels, ranging from the personal and interpersonal to community, national, and global peace. First, we argue that an…

  7. 15 CFR 971.405 - Breach of international peace and security involving armed conflict.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Breach of international peace and..., Modification/revision; Suspension/revocation § 971.405 Breach of international peace and security involving... expected to lead to a breach of international peace and security involving armed conflict....

  8. 15 CFR 970.505 - Breach of international peace and security involving armed conflict.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Breach of international peace and.../revision; Suspension/revocation § 970.505 Breach of international peace and security involving armed... to a breach of international peace and security involving armed conflict....

  9. Teaching Peace through Picture Books in a Third-Grade Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seban, Demet

    2011-01-01

    In 2000, UNESCO declared a mission for peace named the International Decade for a Culture of Peace and Non-violence for the Children of the World (2001-2010). The "culture of peace" was defined as a set of "values, attitudes and behaviours ... that reject violence and endeavour to prevent conflicts by tackling their root causes to…

  10. Building Peace Poles: Inexpensive Woodworking Project Great for Middle and High School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roccanova, John

    2013-01-01

    The World Peace Prayer Society (WPPS) has at its core the message: "May peace prevail on Earth." This axiom appears on the roughly 200,000 Peace Poles that are planted at private residences, schools, in parks, and at other public places worldwide including at the Pentagon, the Pyramids in Egypt, and on Mt. Kilimanjaro, the highest free-standing…

  11. 3 CFR 8385 - Proclamation 8385 of May 22, 2009. Prayer for Peace, Memorial Day, 2009

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... itself, to be faithful in protecting liberty at home and abroad, and to pursue peace in the world. In... 3 The President 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Proclamation 8385 of May 22, 2009. Prayer for Peace..., 2009 Proc. 8385 Prayer for Peace, Memorial Day, 2009By the President of the United States of America A...

  12. Transforming Education, Transforming Society: The Co-Construction of Critical Peace Education and Indigenous Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sumida Huaman, Elizabeth

    2011-01-01

    This article seeks to contribute to the link between critical peace education and Indigenous education from an Indigenous international and comparative education perspective. The article first reviews the marginalization of critical peace education and Indigenous education. By bringing forward areas of common interest between peace education and…

  13. Is There a Place for Peace Education? Political Education and Citizenship Activism in Israeli Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levy, Gal

    2014-01-01

    What is wrong with "peace education" in Israel? In this article, I attempt to decipher the cultural codes of Israeli schools in their relation to issues of peace, conflict and citizenship. It combines findings from two studies in order to understand how "school culture" animates "peace education." My main contention…

  14. Teaching Peace through Picture Books in a Third-Grade Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seban, Demet

    2011-01-01

    In 2000, UNESCO declared a mission for peace named the International Decade for a Culture of Peace and Non-violence for the Children of the World (2001-2010). The "culture of peace" was defined as a set of "values, attitudes and behaviours ... that reject violence and endeavour to prevent conflicts by tackling their root causes to…

  15. Building a Peaceful and Just World--Beginning with the Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Suzanne

    2005-01-01

    The conflicts that seem to be underway in every region of the globe demonstrate the profound need for creating paths to a peaceful and just world. Mahatma Gandhi said that if we are to have real peace in the world, we need to begin with the children. Sowing the seeds for peace and justice in classrooms could nurture a new generation of world…

  16. The Contribution of the Secondary School Curriculum to Peace in Kenya

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chiriswa, Andika Patrick; Thinguri, Ruth

    2015-01-01

    The Kenya Government recognizes the role of peace in socio economic development as emphasized in the national anthem while the national goals of education endeavour to promote national unity, sustainable development, peace, respect for diversity, and international consciousness among others. The Kenya vision 2030 underscores the need for peace and…

  17. The International Politics of Peace Education: The Conflict between Deterrence and Disarmament.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Willers, Jack Conrad

    The main impetus for peace education is the arms race, which places peace education in the conflict between conservatives advocating increased nuclear deterrence and liberals supporting nuclear disarmament. In the United States, education for peace is still in its infancy. Other developed nations, such as the Scandinavian countries and to a lesser…

  18. Peace Education Research in the Twenty-First Century: Three Concepts Facing Crisis or Opportunity?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cremin, Hilary

    2016-01-01

    This article focuses on the concepts of peace, education and research, and the ways in which they combine to form the field of peace education and peace education research. It discusses the ways in which each can be said to be facing a crisis of legitimation, representation and praxis, and the structural and cultural violence that inhibit efforts…

  19. Peace Revolution's Online Social Platform: From Inner Revolution to Global Evolution of Ethical Media Production

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hardy, Samantha; Dhanissaro, Phra John Paramai; Thangsurbkul, Worakate

    2011-01-01

    This paper describes a project called Peace Revolution [http://peacerevolution.net], which provides an opportunity for young people from around the world to learn and share positive messages and activities relating to peace. The Peace Revolution project aims to empower young people via a unique process related to youth development, helping young…

  20. Foundations of resilience thinking.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Curtin, Charles G; Parker, Jessica P

    2014-08-01

    Through 3 broad and interconnected streams of thought, resilience thinking has influenced the science of ecology and natural resource management by generating new multidisciplinary approaches to environmental problem solving. Resilience science, adaptive management (AM), and ecological policy design (EPD) contributed to an internationally unified paradigm built around the realization that change is inevitable and that science and management must approach the world with this assumption, rather than one of stability. Resilience thinking treats actions as experiments to be learned from, rather than intellectual propositions to be defended or mistakes to be ignored. It asks what is novel and innovative and strives to capture the overall behavior of a system, rather than seeking static, precise outcomes from discrete action steps. Understanding the foundations of resilience thinking is an important building block for developing more holistic and adaptive approaches to conservation. We conducted a comprehensive review of the history of resilience thinking because resilience thinking provides a working context upon which more effective, synergistic, and systems-based conservation action can be taken in light of rapid and unpredictable change. Together, resilience science, AM, and EPD bridge the gaps between systems analysis, ecology, and resource management to provide an interdisciplinary approach to solving wicked problems.

  1. Epilogue: Peace Journalism – The State of the Art

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dov Shinar

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available This epilogue aims at integrating the series of articles offered by the Toda Peace Journalism group in cco (4/2 2005; 5/2 2006; 6/1, 2007 into a framework designed to orient the reader, without repeating the arguments presented in the articles; to encourage instructors and students to use these materials; and to stimulate thinking on "where do we go next". Coherence is sought through looking at critical analyses of the conventional coverage of war and peace and at the promise and performance of Peace Journalism, analyzing epistemological and professional constraints, presenting ways to improve Peace Journalism concepts and practices, and offering an agenda and some development strategies. The initial premise that Peace Journalism (PJ is a mode of responsible and conscientious media representation of conflict, alternative to conventional coverage, develops into a summary of critical evaluations of such coverage, and of the efforts to conceptualize PJ. A discussion of the promises offered by PJ follows suit, including professional improvement, the enhancement of journalistic values, the provision of better public service, and the widening of scholarly and professional horizons. Also PJ performance is analyzed, suggesting some explanations for its lack of popularity and some of its built-in problems, such as in the debate over the tradition of objectivity and other normative alternatives. Epistemological and professional considerations converge in the discussion of needs for clearer formulation and application of concepts, expectations, and procedures, and for an agenda that includes the production of persuasive evidence of PJ value; for overcoming rejection by journalists, for avoiding self-manipulation in field staff-editor relations, and for encouraging the development of a media peace discourse.

  2. Antithetic Foundations of Economics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marin Dinu

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims at decrypting the manner in which the foundations of Economics as a science and the meanings of the relevant explanatory formulas are being shaped. My analytical endeavor focuses on understanding the peculiarities of what is referred to as the object of study of the science known as Economics, an academic synthesis of concept-related breakthroughs regarding economicity. The explicit purpose of this analysis is to identify perennial benchmarks in economic cognition whereby this ensures its consistency. The implicit purpose is to shape a cognitive model in line with the specifics of the conceptual universe of Economics, as well as with the sources of the economic realities that are subject to a sui-generis relativism. The primary benefit of this endeavor consists in systemizing the conceptual prospects with an antithetic nature that allow for the explanations of the state of economic rationality and generate the understanding of what the source of economicity is and how it behaves. As such, the conclusions are marked by the stringent need of more precisely defining economic knowledge in order to match the changing nature of economic reality, as an expression that embraces the meeting point of two ontological vistas that are methodologically separated by some theories: human nature and human condition. Economics as a science thus features, apart from a conceptual substrate that needs to be spotted, an ontological background that needs to be revealed. The role played by this background appears to be most frequently ignored. The joint identification of both direct and contextual determinants for a sensitive area of humankind, i.e. the economy, is a direction to be followed by the royal path of rational knowledge.

  3. Foundation Degrees: A Risky Business?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rowley, Jennifer

    2005-01-01

    Purpose: Foundation degrees, the new proposal for sub-degree vocational education in the UK, are characterised by innovation both in their design (curriculum, teaching, learning and assessment) and in the marketplace for which they are designed. This article argues that the development and delivery of foundation degrees carry a high level of risk,…

  4. Characteristic Behavior of Bucket Foundations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Barari, Amin

    the design of offshore wind turbine foundations. The work was divided into two main research efforts: geotechnical engineering experiments to gain insight into the behavior of offshore bucket foundations, and development of methods to improve the study of infiltration into unsaturated soils, an important...

  5. Static Behaviour of Bucket Foundations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Kim André

    . The monopod concept is investigated in this thesis, regarding the static behaviour from loads relevant to offshore wind turbines. The main issue in this concept is the rotational stiffness of the foundation and the combined capacity dominated by moments. The vertical bearing capacity of bucket foundations...... theory is proposed. The proposed expression applies to plane strain as well as axis-symmetric stress conditions for foundations with smooth or rough bases. A thorough experimental investigation of the static behaviour of bucket foundations subjected to combined loading is carried out. Laboratory tests...... as well as large-scale tests on bucket foundations subjected to low vertical load are performed during this work. Numerical simulations of the tests performed are carried out using the Mohr Coulomb material model and the commercial finite element code ABAQUS. Based on the present work, the finite element...

  6. Static Behaviour of Bucket Foundations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Kim André

    . The monopod concept is investigated in this thesis, regarding the static behaviour from loads relevant to offshore wind turbines. The main issue in this concept is the rotational stiffness of the foundation and the combined capacity dominated by moments. The vertical bearing capacity of bucket foundations...... theory is proposed. The proposed expression applies to plane strain as well as axis-symmetric stress conditions for foundations with smooth or rough bases. A thorough experimental investigation of the static behaviour of bucket foundations subjected to combined loading is carried out. Laboratory tests...... method is concluded to be a superior method in estimating the post peak behaviour as well as the combined capacity of bucket foundations in relation to the offshore wind turbine problem....

  7. From Keeping Harmony with All States To Building a Harmonious World——To have a profound grasp of China’s peaceful development strategy from the perspective of history and culture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yang; Faxi

    2014-01-01

    <正>To objectively and rationally grasp the strategic intent of peaceful development China adheres to is the important foundation and prerequisite to construct a new-type China-U.S.relations among major powers featuring non-confrontation,non-conflict,mutual respect,and win-win cooperation.To achieve the objectiveness and rationality,one must understand China’s historical and cultural traditions,and understand the Chinese pursuit of

  8. NEWS: Solid foundations?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2000-07-01

    Among the initiatives to be found at UK universities is a vocational award with the title `University Foundation Degree' at Nottingham Trent University. This qualification will be offered in 14 different subjects including four in the Faculty of Science and Mathematics, in the areas of applied biology, applied sciences, chemistry and physics. The courses will be available on a two-year full-time, three-year sandwich or a part-time basis. Set at a higher standard and specification than the Higher National Diplomas which it replaces, the UFD has been devised in consultation with industry and will cover the technical and specialist areas demanded by employers to combat skills shortages. The UFD in applied sciences concentrates on practical applications through laboratory, IT and project work, supported by lectures and seminars. At the end students can enter the employment market or transfer onto the second year of a degree course. Science-based careers including research and development would be the aim of those taking the UFD in physics. The first year develops the fundamentals of modern physics supported by studies in mathematics, IT and computer programming, whilst year 2 is vocational in nature with industrial problem solving and work experience as well as an academic theme associated with environmental aspects of the subject. Those who complete the UFD will be allowed automatic progression to a specified honours degree course and would normally be expected to study for a further two years for this award. However, those demonstrating an outstanding academic performance can transfer to the linked degree programme at the end of the first year via fast-track modules. Back in May the UK's Quality Assurance Agency (QAA) announced new standard benchmarks for degrees. These will be introduced into higher education institutions from 2002 to outline the knowledge, understanding and skills a student should gain from a particular higher education course. These benchmark

  9. Coercive Air Strategy in Post-Cold War Peace Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    1999-06-01

    Muslim overlords and were supported by Serbia and Montenegro . Russia entered into the conflict on the side of the Christian peasants and crushed the...on Reforming Multilateral Peace Operations. May 1994. Corsini, Roberto . The Balkan War: What Role for Air Power? Maxwell AFB, AL: April 1995. Doyle

  10. Human Rights and Peace Education in the Lebanese Civics Textbooks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shuayb, Maha

    2015-01-01

    In 1997 the Lebanese government published its newly developed curriculum and textbooks following a long and fierce civil war, which started in 1975. The new curriculum emphasized nation building, reconciliation and citizenship. This study aims to examine how the civics textbooks in Lebanon addressed human rights and peace education, both of which…

  11. The effectiveness of regional peace- making in Southern Africa ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    trade, and development; more recently, they have added peace and security agendas as .... the lack of an institutionalised arrangement for conflict management between ... a simple unilateral or bilateral team, require greater levels of coordination and .... Yet what has proven elusive is the clear definition of each regional.

  12. Martin Luther King, Jr.: The Dream of Peaceful Revolution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rowland, Della

    This biography for younger readers depicts the life of Martin Luther King, Jr., the Nobel Peace Prize winner who dedicated himself to the struggle for equal rights for African Americans while embracing the principle of nonviolent resistance. The book presents an overview of the civil rights movement and chronicles King's role as national leader…

  13. 76 FR 11933 - 50th Anniversary of the Peace Corps

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-03

    ... of our Nation's commitment to encouraging progress, creating opportunity, and fostering mutual respect and understanding throughout the world. Over the past five decades, Peace Corps Volunteers have..., enriched by their experiences overseas, bring a deeper understanding of other cultures and traditions...

  14. Engendering Peace in Africa: A Critical Inquiry Into Some Current ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Faced with the ever-increasing number of armed conflicts and persistence of violence world-wide, ... their actions for peace so as to effectively and significantly impact decision- ... We must begin by loving our children and teaching them to love.

  15. Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy: A Collection of Speeches

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seaborg, Glenn T.

    1970-07-01

    It is now a quarter of a century since nuclear energy was introduced to the public. Its introduction was made in the most dramatic, but unfortunately in the most destructive way - through the use of a nuclear weapon. Since that introduction enormous strides have been made in developing the peaceful applications of this great and versatile force. Because these strides have always been overshadowed by the focusing of public attention on the military side of the atom, the public has never fully understood or appreciated the gains and status of the peaceful atom. This booklet is an attempt to correct, in some measure, this imbalance in public information and attitude. It is a compilation of remarks, and excerpts of remarks, that I [Seaborg] have made in recent years in an effort to bring to the public the story of the remarkable benefits the peaceful atom has to offer man. This is a story that grows with the development and progress of the peaceful atom. It must be told so that we can learn to use the power of nuclear energy wisely and through this use help to build a world in which the military applications of the atom will never again be a threat to mankind.

  16. The Challenge to the Peace and Security in East Asia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YangYi; ChangJiuqing

    2004-01-01

    Today, there are three major economic communities in the contemporary world: North America, Europe and East Asia, among which the East Asian economic community distinguishes itself as the most dynamic and energetic one. The peace and stability in this region are not only of vital importance to the national security and economic development of both China and Japan,

  17. Converging Forces: Achieving Unity of Purpose in Multinational Peace Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-05-22

    a straightforward mission – deploy along the eastern side of the Maritza River, and monitor Turkish forces there to ensure there was no incursion into...Principles for the Conduct of Peace Support Operations, (New York: UNITAR POCI , 1996), 79-81. 17Larry Wentz. Lessons from Kosovo: The KFOR Experience

  18. Human Rights and Peace Education in the Lebanese Civics Textbooks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shuayb, Maha

    2015-01-01

    In 1997 the Lebanese government published its newly developed curriculum and textbooks following a long and fierce civil war, which started in 1975. The new curriculum emphasized nation building, reconciliation and citizenship. This study aims to examine how the civics textbooks in Lebanon addressed human rights and peace education, both of which…

  19. Conflict Resolution and Peace Education: Transformations across Disciplines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carter, Candice C., Ed.

    2012-01-01

    Peace education includes lessons about conflict sources, transformation and resolution. While featuring field-based examples in multiple disciplines, including political science, anthropology, communication, psychology, sociology, counseling, law and teacher training, this book presents real cases of conflict work. Explained are concepts…

  20. Atoms for Peace Exhibition Science Bringing Nations Together

    CERN Multimedia

    2000-01-01

    "Atoms for Peace", this old slogan is gaining a new meaning today. Rejecting confrontation, mankind looks for new ways to unite the world. Political and economic integration makes it possible to use the great potential and high technologies of the military-industrial complex for constructing new scientific facilities.

  1. The pedagogy of peace in the context of critical pedagogies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diego Alejandro Muñoz Gaviria

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available To think today a pedagogy that asks for peace seems to be a matter of conjuncture, a stomach response to current issues, but it would be pertinent to recognize that this theme was already part of the “utopian anticipations” of the classics of pedagogy; Comenius, Rousseau, Kant, Pestalozzi, Herbart, Freire, among others.

  2. 50 CFR 38.9 - Breach of the peace.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE SYSTEM MIDWAY ATOLL NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE Prohibitions § 38.9 Breach of the peace. No person on Midway Atoll National Wildlife Refuge will: (a) With intent to cause public... one's conduct is likely to cause affront or alarm. ...

  3. Milk-Jug Mosaic: Creating a Mathematical Dove of Peace.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Potts, Kathleen K.

    2000-01-01

    Describes a teaching experience with 3rd, 4th, and 5th grade students who participated in a project designed to give students opportunities to use a variety of mathematical skills while creating a peaceful community of friends. Concludes with ideas for adapting the project for other occasions and involving other mathematics skills. (KHR)

  4. Guarani I and Work Book (For Peace Corps Volunteers).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peace Corps (Paraguay).

    This workbook is designed for the Guarani language training of Peace Corps volunteers in Paraguay, and the content focuses on daily communication needs in that context. The workbook contains nine thematic instructional units based on performance objectives. A brief introduction gives an overview of Guarani's origins, distribution, and phonology.…

  5. Ethical Imagination in Peace Studies: Beyond the Seville Statement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rivage-Seul, M.

    1989-01-01

    Asks reader to look beyond Seville Statement, Social Darwinism, and utopian ideals and come to understand ethical imagination more fully as it relates to peace studies. Examines Seville Statement and its opposition to Social Darwinism. Explains how ethical imagination serves to provide radical alternative to biological determinism. (Author/NB)

  6. Concepts and Methods of Conflict Resolution and Peace-Building ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Religion Dept

    may argue, are to a great extent based on the diverse and opposing tools and ... influenced by Kammer (1988), one considers the following elements as dominant tools in a moral ... How a person manages his inner conflicts has a great impact on how he lives ..... Introduction to peace and conflict studies in West Africa –.

  7. Hospitality, peace and conflict : 'Doing fieldwork' in Palestine

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Buda, Dorina

    2012-01-01

    The focus of this paper is the interconnections among in/hospitality, peace, conflict and tourism. Using excerpts from interview notes and a field diary, the paper presents and debates the complex and embodied connections between a Palestinian local host, some tourists and a tourism researcher.

  8. Peace is more than the absence of war

    CERN Multimedia

    2015-01-01

    Last week, the UN Office at Geneva (UNOG) issued an infographic that gives a snapshot of what international Geneva does to foster peace around the world. Its publication was part of the UN’s ongoing campaign to show the remarkable breadth and depth of work carried out by Geneva’s international organisations, and it was released through the Twitter account @GenevaImpact with the hashtag #FridayInfographic. Michael Møller, Director-General of UNOG, blogged about it in the Huffington Post (see here).     In his blog, Mr Møller points out all the ways that the UN works every day to translate peace into food, shelter, water, healthcare, education and decent work, as well as freedom, rights, and equality. In Geneva, he says, organisations contribute to peace in all its different shapes and forms. And, he says, peace is much more than the absence of war. The reason I’m drawing attention to this is that CERN takes pride of place in the...

  9. Mauritanian Arabic. Teacher's Handbook. Peace Corps Language Handbook Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clark, Raymond C.; And Others

    The teaching guide is designed to accompany a set of instructional materials in Mauritanian Arabic (Hassaniya) for Peace Corps volunteers. It provides information and techniques for language teaching in three volumes: (1) a literacy handbook--a volume of lessons on the Arabic alphabet and script; (2) a communication and culture handbook; and (3) a…

  10. Peace Education: How We Come to Love and Hate War

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noddings, Nel

    2011-01-01

    There is a huge volume of work on war and its causes, most of which treats its political and economic roots. In Loving and Hating War: An Approach to Peace Education, Nel Noddings explores the psychological factors that support war: nationalism, hatred, delight in spectacles, masculinity, religious extremism, and the search for existential…

  11. The Peace System - As a self-referential communication system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gorm Harste

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Peace communication as diplomatic communication is an often neglected phenomenon in social and political theory that concerns problems of international order, justice and peace. Political philosophy seldom embarks on the theme with more than a few comments. Yet, throughout history, diplomacy has a strong record not only for negotiations but also for social learning processes about communication codes. Many codes of respect, trust, expression and listening have a top-down history from aristocratic circles to broader social layers. However, the article argues that communication codes of peace developed in opposition to violence and war exactly when they transgress dividing lines allowing for cross-cultural and even cross-stratified communication. The article’s main point is to describe how such communication codes about peace and diplomacy can be described in recent social theory of communication, and to get some added value in this respect, Niklas Luhmann’s theory of self-referential communication systems has been applied.

  12. CSIR eNews: Defence peace safety and security

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    CSIR

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The CSIR Defence peace safety and security research unit aims to provide a defence evaluation and research institute capability for the Department of Defence. It also serves as the 'in-house' S&T capability of key government departments and agencies...

  13. CSIR eNews: Defence peace safety and security

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    CSIR

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available At the CSIR, science and technology (S&T) is a hard core at work for a peaceful, secured and prosperous South Africa. The organisation has developed strong S&T capabilities through its associations with key players in defence, safety and security...

  14. CSIR eNews: Defence peace safety and security

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    CSIR

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available At the CSIR, science and technology (S&T) is hard at work for a peaceful, safe and prosperous South Africa. The organisation has developed strong S&T capabilities through its associations with key players in defence, safety and security...

  15. Bringing Peace to the Central City: Forgiveness Education in Milwaukee

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gassin, Elizabeth A.; Enright, Robert D.; Knutson, Jeanette A.

    2005-01-01

    The last 2 decades have seen a flowering of scholarly and applied work in the area of forgiveness, a skill important to the development of peaceful people and communities. We describe a forgiveness intervention designed to help children in a central-city environment. Such environments put children at risk for various psychological and social…

  16. Building A Culture Of Peace For A Civil Society

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foo, Sue Fan, Ed.; Starlin, Clay M., Ed.

    2008-01-01

    "Building a Culture of Peace for a Civil Society" consists of papers from scholars from around the world including: Canada, India, Japan, Nigeria, Philippines, Thailand, Turkey and the United States. This volume includes selected papers and lectures delivered at the 12th World Conference on Education of the World Council of Curriculum…

  17. Upholding humanity: challenges of peace in the 21st century

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gaay Fortman, B. de

    2000-01-01

    In this presentation we shall, first of all, explore the background to the topic for today as formulated by the organisers: Peace in the 21st century: between the supranational and the grassroots. From there some remarks will follow on the meaning of commemoration and liberation by giving you a very

  18. Peace Corps Gabon PST Technical Language: Math/Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peace Corps, Washington, DC.

    A set of instructional materials on technical French for mathematics instruction is designed for Peace Corps volunteers teaching math in Gabon. The materials consist of six lessons on the use of French to teach and express mathematical concepts and procedures, and information about the Gabonese educational system, in English. The French lessons…

  19. Resource Optimization and World Peace. Occasional Paper 30.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Purcell, Arthur H.

    A comprehensive, international program is proposed to help nations optimize and conserve natural resources. The aim of the program is to increase the overall supply of natural resources available to improve the chances for world peace. The energy and material resources of the world are finite. We must live with and adapt to the concept of finite…

  20. The Global Peace Operations Initiative: Background and Issues for Congress

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-06-11

    where there is an existing cease-fire or peace accord. The more muscular ACOTA, initiated in 2002, has also provided training in the skills needed...troops, as part of the Conferencia de Fuerzas Armadas Centroamericanas (CFAC). There are now 11 Western Hemisphere partner countries: Belize

  1. The Social Justice, Peace, and Environmental Education Standards Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andrzejewski, Julie

    2005-01-01

    Inspired by the Alaska Native Knowledge Network's "Standards for Culturally Responsive Schools," members of fourteen social justice, peace, and environmental education (SJPEE) special interest groups (SIGs) from the American Educational Research Association (AERA) and several other prominent organizations have been involved in drafting SJPEE…

  2. Critical juncture for peace, democracy and the environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Bosshard

    2005-11-01

    Full Text Available In Sudan, large projects, pipelines and agricultural schemes have created social and ethnic tensions and fuelled conflicts contributing to humanitarian disasters. As the peace process triggers expectations of new infrastructure investment, will human rights and the environment be considered?

  3. Peace Poems and Picasso Doves: Literature, Art, Technology, and Poetry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moreillon, Judi

    Students and teachers employ think-aloud strategies as they read literature, compose poems, and create artwork related to the theme of peace. This unit is designed for collaborative teaching among classroom, art, and technology teachers, and school librarians. A single educator can also teach this unit. During nine and a half hours, plus…

  4. Caring for Each Other in a Peace Club

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stomfay-Stitz, Aline; Wheeler, Edyth

    2007-01-01

    Each teacher has a favorite dream for the first weeks of the new school year: a calm and peaceful classroom. Yet, due to the tragic incidents of violence and school shootings, matched by an increase in bullying and harassment, such noble goals seem remote and unrealistic. The authors believe that there is a way to succeed through the concept of an…

  5. PEACE CORPS PRIMER FOR THE WESTERN VISAYAS, PHILIPPINES.

    Science.gov (United States)

    ZORC, R. DAVID; AND OTHERS

    THIS TEXT WAS WRITTEN FOR PEACE CORPS VOLUNTEERS WORKING IN AREAS OF PANAY AND THE ROMBLON ISLANDS IN THE PHILIPPINES. COVERED IN THIS SHORT TEXT ARE "ALL THE DIALECTS OF THE WESTERN VISAYAS" (EXCEPT THE DIALECTS SPOKEN BY THE NEGRITOS)--AKLANON, KINARAY-A, CAPIZNON, ILONGO, LOOCNON, ODIONGANON, AND ROMBLOMANON. IN SPITE OF DIFFERENCES AMONG THESE…

  6. A Peace Education Unit for the Kindergarten Child.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Linsell, Janice

    To educate children toward peace and a productive resolution of conflict instead toward inurement to war and violence the following goals are set forth: developing a respect for all life; recognizing and respecting cultural and social differences among individuals; solving problems of socialization; developing a concept of world citizenship;…

  7. CSIR eNews: Defence, peace, safety and security

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    CSIR

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available At the CSIR, science and technology (S&T) is hard at work for a peaceful, safe and prosperous South Africa. The organisation has developed strong S&T capabilities through its associations with key players in defence, safety and security...

  8. The Search for Peace in Mindanao: Resolving a Wicked Problem

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-22

    serious attention to the MILF, when the Ramos Administration agreed to a ceasefire with the MILF. Since then, the GRP-MILF peace process has made...Forces – led by Ameril Umbra Kato, Aleem Solaiman Pangalian, and Commander Bravo – wrought havoc on Christian villages in Lanao del Norte.18 The

  9. Peace parks in Southern Africa: bringers of an African Renaissance?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    H.C. Buscher

    2005-01-01

    textabstractThe pursuit of an African Renaissance has become an important aspect of regional cooperation between South Africa and its neighbours. Transfrontier conservation areas, or ‘Peace Parks’ as they are popularly called, have been identified as key instruments to promote the African Renaissanc

  10. Woodrow Wilson: Prophet of Peace. Teaching with Historic Places.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goehner, Thomas B.

    This lesson describes President Woodrow Wilson's struggle with and his ultimate failure at achieving lasting world peace through the League of Nations. The lesson focuses on November 23, 1923, the eve of the fifth anniversary of the Armistice that concluded World War I, when a frail and ill Wilson was ready to deliver a commemorative address by…

  11. Environmental Peace Education in Foreign Language Learners' English Grammar Lessons

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arikan, Arda

    2009-01-01

    English language teachers create contexts to teach grammar so that meaningful learning occurs. In this study, English grammar is contextualized through environmental peace education activities to raise students' awareness of global issues. Two sources provided data to evaluate the success of this instructional process. Fourth-year pre-service…

  12. Women Historiography: A Tool for Global Peace | Dike | AFRREV ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This quality is indispensable in all peace pursuits and engagements. The importance of history in the propagation of this is undisputable. ... above qualities aided the victory of the Biafran side of the war, where economic blockade as a war tool ...

  13. Peace Education: How We Come to Love and Hate War

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noddings, Nel

    2011-01-01

    There is a huge volume of work on war and its causes, most of which treats its political and economic roots. In Loving and Hating War: An Approach to Peace Education, Nel Noddings explores the psychological factors that support war: nationalism, hatred, delight in spectacles, masculinity, religious extremism, and the search for existential…

  14. Incremental Understandings: Warblogs and Peaceblogs in Peace Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oravec, Jo Ann

    2004-01-01

    Peaceblogs and warblogs are kinds of "weblogs", chronological streams of hyperlinks and related diary-like narratives. Many thousands of weblogs emerged in the past several years, providing frequently updated analysis and commentary on various issues along with a personal, human-scale perspective. Weblogs emphasizing peace and war issues have been…

  15. Setswana: Special Skills Handbook. Peace Corps Language Handbook Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hopkins, David B., Comp.

    This handbook is a collection of readings intended to acquaint Peace Corps volunteers with the geography of Botswana, and the culture and daily living customs of the people. The introduction provides techniques to help students use the readings to improve their speaking skills. The first section of the text, the "OXFAM Section," contains…

  16. Lack of peaceful resolution with Israel: economic cost for Palestinians

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    P.M.C. de Boer (Paul)

    2008-01-01

    textabstractWe propose to estimate the economic cost for Palestine and for Palestinian residents due to the lack of peaceful resolution with Israel. Thereto we make use of the consensus estimates of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank (WB) of real growth rates of economic variab

  17. Pedagogy of Peace and Philosophy of War: the Search for Truth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Serhiy Klepko

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Peace pedagogy (German: Friedenspedagogik and the Peace education are identified as relevant educational paradigm and set of educational projects aimed at solving problems of teaching non-violence and the capacity for peace in the context of the democratic movement for peace. There is a set of reasons to state that the education system of the world depends not only on technological trends and mastering the sum of strategies of war and peace but, first of all, on what extends the whole education is true for its subjects and able to provide research on the ultimate question of social and personal life, including eternal mankind’s dream for peace. This paper describes methodological role for pedagogy of peace of geophilosophy as a concept to solve socio-economic conflicts in the dimensions of truth and earthly life in which modern geophilosophical research carried out to find a man’s place in the world and territory for him

  18. Psychological Foundations of Language

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王敏

    2016-01-01

    语言在我们的进化史中只是新近才出现的一种现象,而导致这惊人发展的力量是什么尚不清楚。我们知道部分原因是特化于语言功能的脑结构的演变。语言行为,和所有的行为一样,要通过脑结构的作用,但因为语言极其微妙并涉及多个方面,所以要在大脑中有一个特别复杂的表征。我们会看到,我们语言能力的各个方面,不是纯粹的抽象物,而是在闹中有独立的,能具体说明的表征。另外,语言的心理学基础研究会扩展我们对语言理解,语言产生和语言习得的讨论。这篇文章首先对语言的心理学基础做了一个简单的介绍使我们对为什么要做这个研究有一个清晰的观点。然后讨论了大脑机制和语言。不同的语言技能涉及脑的不同部位,遭受脑受伤的个体常常只是在语言的某些方面表现缺陷。接着描述了语言进程的侧化,对脑裂病人和正常人的研究表明,对大部分人来说,脑的左半球控制语言,特别是句法过程和语言产生,而右半球则是语用方面和语言理解。最后,对关于大脑的智力,性别和遗传因素和语言的关系做了简要的描述。%The emergence of language occurred only recently in our evolutionary history,and the set of forces that led to this extraordinary de-velopment is not yet clear.We do know that part of the story concerns the evolution of brain mechanisms specialized for language functions.Lan-guage behavior,like all behavior,is mediated by brain structures,but because language is extremely subtle and multifaceted,it has a particularly complex representation in the brain.We will learn that various aspects of our language capacity are not mere abstractions but rather have separate and specifiable representations in the brain.Moreover,the study of the psychological foundations of language extends our discussion of language comprehension,production and

  19. Polish Foundation for Energy Efficiency

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-12-31

    The Polish Foundation for Energy Efficiency (FEWE) was established in Poland at the end of 1990. FEWE, as an independent and non-profit organization, has the following objectives: to strive towards an energy efficient national economy, and to show the way and methods by use of which energy efficiency can be increased. The activity of the Foundation covers the entire territory of Poland through three regional centers: in Warsaw, Katowice and Cracow. FEWE employs well-known and experienced specialists within thermal and power engineering, civil engineering, economy and applied sciences. The organizer of the Foundation has been Battelle Memorial Institute - Pacific Northwest Laboratories from the USA.

  20. Ice regime of the lower Peace River and ice-jam flooding of the Peace-Athabasca Delta

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beltaos, Spyros; Prowse, Terry D.; Carter, Tom

    2006-12-01

    The Peace-Athabasca Delta (PAD) in northern Alberta is one of the world's largest inland freshwater deltas, home to large populations of waterfowl, muskrat, beaver, and free-ranging wood bison. Beginning in the mid-1970s, a paucity of ice-jam flooding in the lower Peace River has resulted in prolonged dry periods and considerable reduction in the area covered by lakes and ponds that provide a habitat for aquatic life in the PAD region. Using archived hydrometric data and in situ observations, the ice regime of the lower Peace is described and quantified, setting the stage for identification of the conditions that lead to ice-jam flooding and replenishment of Delta habitat. The first such condition is the occurrence of a mechanical, as opposed to a thermal, breakup event; second, the river flow should be at least 4000 m3/s; and third, an ice jam should form within the last 50 km of the Peace River. The type of breakup event depends on the freeze-up stage and spring flow. The former has increased as a result of flow regulation, and the latter has decreased owing to changing climatic patterns. Both trends tend to inhibit the occurrence of mechanical breakups and contribute to less frequent ice-jam flooding. Potential mitigation strategies are discussed. Copyright

  1. Teaching a Pedagogy of Peace: A Study of Peace Educators in United States Schools in the Aftermath of September 11

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joseph, Pamela Bolotin; Duss, Leslie Smith

    2009-01-01

    This qualitative study, based on in-depth semi-structured interviews, depicts practices of seven peace educators in public elementary and secondary classrooms in the United States during the time of the terrorist attacks on 11 September 2001 through the US engagement in war in Afghanistan and Iraq. Focusing on individual perceptions of practice…

  2. Critical Reflection on the Role of Education as a Catalyst of Peace-Building and Peaceful Coexistence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agnihotri, Seema

    2017-01-01

    Human being since its evolution is continuously struggling to combat inherent prowess of violence and conflict as a part of biological species which is falling in an ambivalent position in the ecosystem. It was realized long years back that only peaceful coexistence can ensure the prolonged journey of humanity without any turmoil. But this…

  3. About The Rural Development Foundation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    <正>The Rural Development Foundation (RDF) ,founded in 1996,is an Indian nonprofit organization with the mission of providing quality education for underprivileged rural children. RDF founded and continues to operate five schools and one junior college in Andhra

  4. About The Rural Development Foundation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    <正>The Rural Development Foundation ( RDF) ,founded in 1996,is an Indian nonprofit organization with the mission of providin gquality education for underprivileged rural children. RDF founded and continues to operate five schools and one junior college in

  5. About The Rural Development Foundation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    <正>The Rural Development Foundation ( RDF) ,founded in 1996,is an Indian nonprofit organization with the mission of providing quality education for underprivileged rural children. RDF founded and continues to operate five schools

  6. About The Rural Development Foundation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    <正>The Rural Development Foundation ( RDF) ,founded in 1996,is an Indian nonprofit organization with the mission of providing quality education for underprivileged rural children. RDF founded and continues to operate five schools and one junior college in

  7. About The Rural Development Foundation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    <正>The Rural Development Foundation(RDF),founded in1996,is an Indian nonprofit organization with the mission of providingquality education for underprivileged rural children.RDF founded and continues to operate five schools and one junior college in

  8. Crohn's & Colitis Foundation of America

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... enabled to enjoy the full interactive experience. Crohn's & Colitis Foundation of America Find a Doctor Find a ... Local Chapters News Events Search: What are Crohn's & Colitis? What is Crohn's Disease What is Ulcerative Colitis ...

  9. Kaiser Family Foundation - Content Search

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — Chartpacks, chartbooks, factsheets, reports, and slide presentations bring Kaiser Family Foundation information to life, and can be easily incorporated into your...

  10. Foundation for Film and Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    van der Veen, G.

    1976-01-01

    Provides a comprehensive discussion on the Stichting Film en Wetenschap, SFW (Foundation for Film and Science), in Utrecht. Various aspects of the use of audio-visual aids in university teaching are looked at in detail. (Editor/RK)

  11. Transdiciplinary Research as the Peace Prospective for Community Based Village Tourism: An Example of Machhapuchhre Model Trek in Western Nepal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Upadhayaya Pranil Kumar

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Tourism is a composite multifaceted product-service with the overlapping roles of interdependent sub-sectors. The dual faces (various problems for causing conflict and potentials for building-peace of tourism have compelled its actors to try for innovative models by crossing the disciplinary boundary. On this conceptual foundation of the structural reality, this paper presents the case study of a Machhapuchhre Model Trek (MMT, a community based tourism model situated in the northern part of Pokhara in Western Nepal. Going beyond disciplinary research, the MMT is developed on the basis of the transdiciplinary approach which has brought scientific researchers [e.g. PhD and senior researchers of Kathmandu University and the Swiss National Centre of Competence in Research (NCCR North-South], tourism industry practitioners (e.g. trekking agencies in Pokhara, local communities (e.g. represented by seven villages in MMT area and local government together for common aim and coordinated partnership actions. The transdisciplinary research process helps grasp lessons on triggering societal learning, appreciating differences, boosting concerted actions, mitigating syndromes of unsustainable development, lessening conflict, and thereby supporting to build peace. This paper adds knowledge on the potential value of transdisciplinary research on tourism.

  12. Experimental Research of Engine Foundations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Violeta-Elena Chiţan

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper tries a compact presentation of experimental research of engine-foundations. The dynamic phenomena are so complex, that the vibrations cannot be estimated in the design stage. The design engineer of an engine foundation must foresee through a dynamic analysis of the vibrations, those measures that lead to the avoidance or limiting of the bad effects caused by the vibrations.

  13. Foundations of genetic algorithms 1991

    CERN Document Server

    1991-01-01

    Foundations of Genetic Algorithms 1991 (FOGA 1) discusses the theoretical foundations of genetic algorithms (GA) and classifier systems.This book compiles research papers on selection and convergence, coding and representation, problem hardness, deception, classifier system design, variation and recombination, parallelization, and population divergence. Other topics include the non-uniform Walsh-schema transform; spurious correlations and premature convergence in genetic algorithms; and variable default hierarchy separation in a classifier system. The grammar-based genetic algorithm; condition

  14. Physical Foundations of Cosmology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stewart, J M [University of Cambridge (United Kingdom)

    2006-02-07

    In 1952, Mme Yvonne Choquet-Bruhat published a major paper, Theoreme d'existence pour certains systemes d'equations aux derivees partielles non lineaires (Acta Math. 88 141-225), which laid the foundation for modern studies of the Cauchy problem in general relativity. The fiftieth anniversary of this event was celebrated with an eponymous Cargese Summer School in 2002. The proceedings of that summer school are summarized electronically (as audio, video, transparencies and lecture notes, where available) on a DVD archive included with this volume, and are also available on the internet. However the organizers decided that a separate volume describing the 'state of the art in mathematical general relativity' would be useful, and this book is the result. It includes some material not covered in the school and excludes some school material which has been covered adequately elsewhere. About one fifth of the book is devoted to a survey of Smoothness at Null Infinity and the Structure of Initial Data by Helmut Friedrich. This is a modern study of gravitational radiation, and the analysis of Einstein's equations. It is extremely helpful to survey all of this material, including some of the latest developments, using a consistent notation. This article is strongly recommended to anyone hoping to gain a foothold in this area. Lars Andersson has surveyed, in The Global Existence Problem in General Relativity, some results and conjectures about the global properties of 3+1-dimensional spacetimes with a compact Cauchy surface. Again it is very useful to have essentially all of the known results presented in a consistent notation. This material is not on the DVD. Yvonne Choquet-Bruhat has contributed a long research paper, Future Complete U(1) Symmetric Einsteinian Spacetimes, the Unpolarized Case. There is a non-linear stability theorem due to her and Vincent Moncrief in which spacetime is of the form M x R where M is a circle bundle over a compact

  15. Pacifist Empowerment of the Current Peace Process in Colombia: 2012-2015

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Esperanza Hernández Delgado

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Colombia has been an internal armed conflict that has over half a century and is identified within the oldest. This country is also evidence, an important cumulative learning in peace processes; and the search for a negotiated end of the conflict, by governments and insurgent movements in the past thirty- three years. However, so far it not achieved the desired final peace agreement with all insurgent movements, leaving the country in a permanent limbo: neither peace nor total war; nor peace negotiations with the expected scope, or defeat the enemy. It is in this context that this paper feed, product of a research exercise for peace, conducted with the Institute of Political Studies at the Autonomous University of Bucaramanga -UNAB- , is located and focused on the peace process, since October 2012, a head President Juan Manuel Santos and the rebel movement Farc Ep. The object of the research was to characterize this peace process in order to produce academic knowledge around itself, and learning from it since the peacebuilding perspective. It was made from the historical - sociological analysis methodological model. Researchers consulted relevant primary and secondary sources. The first sources, represented in 35 semi –structured interviews with academic experts, peace negotiators, not academic experts and builders of peace. Considering that peace negotiations are still ongoing, this article presents partial findings, represented in one of its essential characteristics: build an experience of «pacifist empowerment».

  16. Between Social Peace and Revolutionary Struggle: Social Discourses From the Catholic Press in Tarapacá, Chile (1911-1926

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carolina Figueroa Cerna

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper studies the Catholic press in the province of Tarapacá, Chile, with particular emphasis on the weeklies La Luz and Las Cuestiones Sociales, in an attempt to draw a picture of the social discourses of the regional Tarapaquenian Church between 1911 and 1926. It is argued that concern for the constant social problems that affected the region due to nitrate extraction cycles guided pastoral ministry toward the laying of foundations for social peace and the recognition of workers and their demands as symbols of the role of the Church in the area. The aim of this study was to consolidate a discourse that would link workers to ecclesiastical institutions that served as bastions of worker rights and promoters of the balance between capital and labor.

  17. A behaviorological thanatology: Foundations and implications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fraley, Lawrence E.

    1998-01-01

    Foundation principles supporting a behaviorological thanatology are reviewed, including concepts of life, person, death, value, right, ethic, and body/person distinctions. These natural science foundations are contrasted with traditional foundations, and their respective implications are speculatively explored. PMID:22478293

  18. Culture of Peace: Challenges for the teachers’ education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kathia Alvarado

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available People’s economic and social advance can only be carried out if they are accompanied by a Culture of Peace: Education has a dual role as a human right to teach human rights and a specific call in building this Culture among the younger generations. The central argument of this paper is how the Culture of Peace in schools is an everyday experience in the classroom. This poses challenges such as training teachers who must prepare to educate new generations to confront the conflict without violence and to develop an alternate way of looking at the differences between people and societies. It is concluded that it is essential that educators must have a lifelong learning processes. This training should contemplate personal knowledge to manage the emotions that arise in every interaction, which will result in the well-being of students in the school.

  19. The State – Nation Imbalance. Peace and Complex Circumstances

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristian - Sorin Prună

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The defining reference points of this paper take into consideration the creation of severalscientific premises which would structure the approached issue-constitutional state (nationcorrelated with the term security–by reference to the current international context coordinates. Thegoal of the proposed approach is organizing the elements which define the security of theconstitutional state from the perspective of the coexistence between peace and complex situations(crisis and war. In the effort of organizing such a scientific matter, we attempted to realize clear,concise boundaries by means of research–the study and analysis of conflicting phenomena(conclusive factors / consequences. Thus, we pointed out the role of the modern constitutional statein the current context, theinference between the state–nation balance, through its components, topreserve peace and nation security through efficient management of complex situations.

  20. Democratization of conflict from school. Notes on peace education.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandra Acosta

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This article attempts to vindicate the school system as one of the scenarios that the more they can contribute to the achievement and sustainability of the processes that tend to make peace in the country. It was built under the conception that the only way to peace is the recognition of conflict as an inherent element of human relations, in which the subject is difference and positioned opposite each other. It shows how the school from its function as a mechanism of historical tuning of the subject and dissemination of normative parameters of society, as scientists and academics of humanity achievements, you can get to claim the difference and to defend it as a focus of building indeed, to avoid reducing it to a single universal truth, which historically have derived the greatest conflicts in society.