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Sample records for santa rosa islands

  1. Landscapes of Santa Rosa Island, Channel Islands National Park, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schumann, R. Randall; Minor, Scott A.; Muhs, Daniel R.; Pigati, Jeffery S.

    2014-01-01

    Santa Rosa Island (SRI) is the second-largest of the California Channel Islands. It is one of 4 east–west aligned islands forming the northern Channel Islands chain, and one of the 5 islands in Channel Islands National Park. The landforms, and collections of landforms called landscapes, of Santa Rosa Island have been created by tectonic uplift and faulting, rising and falling sea level, landslides, erosion and deposition, floods, and droughts. Landscape features, and areas delineating groups of related features on Santa Rosa Island, are mapped, classified, and described in this paper. Notable landscapes on the island include beaches, coastal plains formed on marine terraces, sand dunes, and sand sheets. In this study, the inland physiography has been classified into 4 areas based on relief and degree of fluvial dissection. Most of the larger streams on the island occupy broad valleys that have been filled with alluvium and later incised to form steep- to vertical-walled arroyos, or barrancas, leaving a relict floodplain above the present channel. A better understanding of the processes and mechanisms that created these landscapes enhances visitors’ enjoyment of their surroundings and contributes to improving land and resource management strategies in order to optimize and balance the multiple goals of conservation, preservation, restoration, and visitor experience.

  2. Seafloor Backscatter Image of North of Santa Rosa Island, Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary (8m resolution tif)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This image represents an 8 meter resolution backscatter of the seafloor south of Santa Rosa Island in Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary. It was acquired...

  3. Environmental Assessment Addressing the Emerald Breeze Resort, Santa Rosa Island, Fort Walton Beach, Florida

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-09-11

    nesting on Santa Rosa Island is rare, due primarily to heavy predation from feral cats . While most colonies have been documented on the easternmost...disturbed. Vehicular and foot traffic, storms, and predation by feral cats are considered the primary causes of nest failure. Eglin AFB controls...tracking tube protocol. Current threats to this population include predation by feral cats and loss of dune habitat from recreational foot traffic and

  4. Mapping process and age of Quaternary deposits on Santa Rosa Island, Channel Islands National Park, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmidt, K. M.; Minor, S. A.; Bedford, D.

    2016-12-01

    Employing a geomorphic process-age classification scheme, we mapped the Quaternary surficial geology of Santa Rosa (SRI) within the Channel Islands National Park. This detailed (1:12,000 scale) map represents upland erosional transport processes and alluvial, fluvial, eolian, beach, marine terrace, mass wasting, and mixed depositional processes. Mapping was motivated through an agreement with the National Park Service and is intended to aid natural resource assessments, including post-grazing disturbance recovery and identification of mass wasting and tectonic hazards. We obtained numerous detailed geologic field observations, fossils for faunal identification as age control, and materials for numeric dating. This GPS-located field information provides ground truth for delineating map units and faults using GIS-based datasets- high-resolution (sub-meter) aerial imagery, LiDAR-based DEMs and derivative raster products. Mapped geologic units denote surface processes and Quaternary faults constrain deformation kinematics and rates, which inform models of landscape change. Significant findings include: 1) Flights of older Pleistocene (>120 ka) and possibly Pliocene marine terraces were identified beneath younger alluvial and eolian deposits at elevations as much as 275 m above modern sea level. Such elevated terraces suggest that SRI was a smaller, more submerged island in the late Neogene and (or) early Pleistocene prior to tectonic uplift. 2) Structural and geomorphic observations made along the potentially seismogenic SRI fault indicate a protracted slip history during the late Neogene and Quaternary involving early normal slip, later strike slip, and recent reverse slip. These changes in slip mode explain a marked contrast in island physiography across the fault. 3) Many of the steeper slopes are dramatically stripped of regolith, with exposed bedrock and deeply incised gullies, presumably due effects related to past grazing practices. 4) Surface water presence is

  5. The Dogs of CA-SRI-2: Osteometry of Canis familiaris from Santa Rosa Island, California

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Courtney Hofman

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Domesticated dogs (Canis familiaris are an important human companion around the world and have long been a focus of archaeological research. Osteometric analysis of six dogs from a Late Holocene Chumash village on Santa Rosa Island, California indicates that adults, juvenile/young adults, and a puppy were present. Similar to dogs on other Channel Islands, these dogs fall into the large Indian dog category, standing some 43-54 cm tall, with mesaticephalic or mild brachycephalic facial characteristics. No cutmarks were found on the bones, but one of the mandibles was burned. The CA-SRI-2 dogs appear to have eaten high trophic marine foods similar to what humans consumed, documenting the close bond between dogs and humans on the Channel Islands and broader North American Pacific Coast.

  6. Final Environmental Assessment: For Immediate Storm Surge Protection for Santa Rosa Island Facilities, Eglin Air Force Base, FL

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-06-01

    allowable atmospheric concentration that may occur and still protect public health and welfare with a reasonable margin of safety. The NAAQS...federal agencies to make every effort to reduce the risk of flood loss, minimize the impact of floods on human health, safety, and welfare , and preserve...Protection for Santa Rosa Island Facilities, Eglin Air Force Base, FL Davis et al., 2000 Davis, R. W., W. E. Evans, B. Würsig (eds), 2000. Cetaceans

  7. Two-dimensional modelling of overwash at Santa Rosa Island during Hurricane Ivan

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCall, R. T.; van Thiel de Vries, J. S. M.; Roelvink, J. A.; van Dongeren, A. R.; Thompson, D. M.; Plant, N. G.

    2009-04-01

    Approximately 10% of the world's coastline consists of low-lying barrier coasts, which are susceptible to coastal flooding, dune overwash and breaching. Although several numerical cross shore models exist to calculate beach and dune profile change during storms, overwash and breaching are not necessarily incorporated. Additionally, these models assume longshore uniformity and therefore do not include longshore variation in for instance dune height, shoreline angle and wave conditions. In order to simulate overwash on a barrier island we use a new numerical model for the nearshore and coast called XBeach (Roelvink et al., ICCE 2008). This process-based and time dependent model solves coupled short and long wave propagation, sediment transport and morphology in 2DH. The model has a robust numerical scheme, allowing it to simulate flooding and drying, thereby removing the need for separate dry and wet domains and procedures. XBeach is used to model a section of Santa Rosa Island, Florida, during Hurricane Ivan in 2004. This island was heavily overwashed during the hurricane and breached in one location. The model is set-up using high resolution airborne LIDAR altimetry and bathymetry data and forced using surge and wave data from larger scale numerical models. The modelled final bed elevation is compared to airborne LIDAR data acquired three days after the storm. The results show that XBeach is capable of simulating the complex hydrodynamics that occur during extreme overwash events. It is shown that the model can recreate the morphological developments that occurred on the island during the storm and that the model has considerable quantitative skill in predicting the final bed elevation.

  8. Geomorphology and depositional subenvironments of Gulf Islands National Seashore, Perdido Key and Santa Rosa Island, Florida

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morton, Robert A.; Montgomery, Marilyn C.

    2010-01-01

    The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) is studying coastal hazards and coastal change to improve our understanding of coastal ecosystems and to develop better capabilities of predicting future coastal change. One approach to understanding the dynamics of coastal systems is to monitor changes in barrier-island subenvironments through time. This involves examining morphologic and topographic change at temporal scales ranging from millennia to years and spatial scales ranging from tens of kilometers to meters. Of particular interest are the processes that produce those changes and the determination of whether or not those processes are likely to persist into the future. In these analyses of hazards and change, both natural and anthropogenic influences are considered. Quantifying past magnitudes and rates of coastal change and knowing the principal factors that govern those changes are critical to predicting what changes are likely to occur under different scenarios, such as short-term impacts of extreme storms or long-term impacts of sea-level rise. Gulf Islands National Seashore was selected for detailed mapping of barrier-island morphology and topography because the islands offer a diversity of depositional subenvironments and because island areas and positions have changed substantially in historical time. The geomorphologic and subenvironmental maps emphasize the processes that formed the surficial features and also serve as a basis for documenting which subenvironments are relatively stable, such as the vegetated barrier core, and those which are highly dynamic, such as the beach and inactive overwash zones.

  9. Two-dimensional time dependent hurricane overwash and erosion modeling at Santa Rosa Island

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCall, R.T.; Van Theil de Vries, J. S. M.; Plant, N.G.; Van Dongeren, A. R.; Roelvink, J.A.; Thompson, D.M.; Reniers, A.J.H.M.

    2010-01-01

    A 2DH numerical, model which is capable of computing nearshore circulation and morphodynamics, including dune erosion, breaching and overwash, is used to simulate overwash caused by Hurricane Ivan (2004) on a barrier island. The model is forced using parametric wave and surge time series based on field data and large-scale numerical model results. The model predicted beach face and dune erosion reasonably well as well as the development of washover fans. Furthermore, the model demonstrated considerable quantitative skill (upwards of 66% of variance explained, maximum bias - 0.21 m) in hindcasting the post-storm shape and elevation of the subaerial barrier island when a sheet flow sediment transport limiter was applied. The prediction skill ranged between 0.66 and 0.77 in a series of sensitivity tests in which several hydraulic forcing parameters were varied. The sensitivity studies showed that the variations in the incident wave height and wave period affected the entire simulated island morphology while variations in the surge level gradient between the ocean and back barrier bay affected the amount of deposition on the back barrier and in the back barrier bay. The model sensitivity to the sheet flow sediment transport limiter, which served as a proxy for unknown factors controlling the resistance to erosion, was significantly greater than the sensitivity to the hydraulic forcing parameters. If no limiter was applied the simulated morphological response of the barrier island was an order of magnitude greater than the measured morphological response.

  10. Fluvial system response to late Pleistocene-Holocene sea-level change on Santa Rosa Island, Channel Islands National Park, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schumann, R. Randall; Pigati, Jeffery S.; McGeehin, John P.

    2016-01-01

    Santa Rosa Island (SRI) is one of four east-west aligned islands forming the northern Channel Islands chain, and one of the five islands in Channel Islands National Park, California, USA. The island setting provides an unparalleled environment in which to record the response of fluvial systems to major changes of sea level. Many of the larger streams on the island occupy broad valleys that have been filled with alluvium and later incised to form steep- to vertical-walled arroyos, leaving a relict floodplain as much as 12–14 m above the present channel. The period of falling sea level between the end of the last interglacial highstand at ~ 80 ka and the last glacial lowstand at ~ 21 ka was marked by erosion and incision in the uplands and by deposition of alluvial sediment on the exposed marine shelf. Sea level rose relatively rapidly following the last glacial lowstand of − 106 m, triggering a shift from an erosional to a depositional sedimentary regime. Accumulation of sediment occurred first through vertical and lateral accretion in broad, shallow channels on the shelf. Channel avulsion and delta sedimentation produced widespread deposition, creating lobes or wedges of sediment distributed across relatively large areas of the shelf during the latest Pleistocene. Backfilling of valleys onshore (landward of present sea level) appears to have progressed in a more orderly and predictable fashion throughout the Holocene primarily because the streams were confined to their valleys. Vertical aggradation locally reduced stream gradients, causing frequent overbank flooding and lateral channel shift by meandering and/or avulsion. Local channel gradient and morphology, short-term climate variations, and intrinsic controls also affected the timing and magnitudes of these cut, fill, and flood events, and are reflected in the thickness and spacing of the episodic alluvial sequences. Floodplain aggradation within the valleys continued until at least 500 years ago

  11. Fluvial system response to late Pleistocene-Holocene sea-level change on Santa Rosa Island, Channel Islands National Park, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schumann, R. Randall; Pigati, Jeffrey S.; McGeehin, John P.

    2016-09-01

    Santa Rosa Island (SRI) is one of four east-west aligned islands forming the northern Channel Islands chain, and one of the five islands in Channel Islands National Park, California, USA. The island setting provides an unparalleled environment in which to record the response of fluvial systems to major changes of sea level. Many of the larger streams on the island occupy broad valleys that have been filled with alluvium and later incised to form steep- to vertical-walled arroyos, leaving a relict floodplain as much as 12-14 m above the present channel. The period of falling sea level between the end of the last interglacial highstand at ~ 80 ka and the last glacial lowstand at ~ 21 ka was marked by erosion and incision in the uplands and by deposition of alluvial sediment on the exposed marine shelf. Sea level rose relatively rapidly following the last glacial lowstand of - 106 m, triggering a shift from an erosional to a depositional sedimentary regime. Accumulation of sediment occurred first through vertical and lateral accretion in broad, shallow channels on the shelf. Channel avulsion and delta sedimentation produced widespread deposition, creating lobes or wedges of sediment distributed across relatively large areas of the shelf during the latest Pleistocene. Backfilling of valleys onshore (landward of present sea level) appears to have progressed in a more orderly and predictable fashion throughout the Holocene primarily because the streams were confined to their valleys. Vertical aggradation locally reduced stream gradients, causing frequent overbank flooding and lateral channel shift by meandering and/or avulsion. Local channel gradient and morphology, short-term climate variations, and intrinsic controls also affected the timing and magnitudes of these cut, fill, and flood events, and are reflected in the thickness and spacing of the episodic alluvial sequences. Floodplain aggradation within the valleys continued until at least 500 years ago, followed by

  12. Salmonella y Shigella a partir de muestras fecales en la poblacion Santa Rosa, Maracaibo-Venezuela

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Sandrea-Toledo, Lisette; Avila-Roo, Yeiny; Paz-Montes, America; Corpas-Guerrero, Carmen; Petit-Capriles, Kalina; Ocando-Vilchez, Newlsa

    2007-01-01

    ... con escasas condiciones socio-sanitarias como la poblacion indigena de Santa Rosa. El proposito de esta investigacion fue detectar la presencia de Salmonella y Shigella a partir de muestras fecales en la poblacion de Santa Rosa...

  13. CRED REA Fish Team Stationary Point Count Surveys at Santa Rosa Reef, 2003

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Stationary Point Counts at 4 stations at each survey site were surveyed as part of Rapid Ecological Assessments conducted at 2 sites at Santa Rosa Reef in the...

  14. CRED REA Fish Team Belt Transect Survey at Santa Rosa Reef, 2003

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Belt transects along 3 consecutively-placed, 25m transect lines were surveyed as part of Rapid Ecological Assessments conducted at 2 sites at Santa Rosa Reef in the...

  15. CRED REA Algal Assessment, Santa Rosa Bank 2003 (NODC Accession 0010352)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Twelve quadrats were sampled along 2 consecutively-placed, 25m transect lines as part of Rapid Ecological Assessments conducted at 2 sites at Santa Rosa Bank (off...

  16. CRED REA Fish Team Belt Transect Survey at Santa Rosa Bank, Marianas Archipelago, 2005

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Belt transects along 3 consecutively-placed, 25m transect lines were surveyed as part of Rapid Ecological Assessments conducted at 2 sites at Santa Rosa Bank in the...

  17. CRED REA Algal Assessments at Santa Rosa Reef, Marianas Archipelago in 2005

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — As part of Rapid Ecological Assessments (REA), Twelve quadrats were sampled along 2 consecutively-placed, 25m transect lines, conducted at 2 sites at Santa Rosa Reef...

  18. CRED REA Fish Team Stationary Point Count Surveys at Santa Rosa Bank, Marianas Archipelago, 2005

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Stationary Point Counts at 4 stations at each survey site were surveyed as part of Rapid Ecological Assessments (REA) conducted at 2 sites around Santa Rosa Bank in...

  19. EFFECT OF SANTA ROSA LAKE ON GROUND WATER FLOW TO THE PECOS RIVER, NEW MEXICO.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Risser, Dennis W.

    1985-01-01

    In 1980, Santa Rosa Dam began impounding water on the Pecos River about 7 miles (11 kilometers) north of Santa Rosa, New Mexico, to provide flood control and storage for irrigation. Santa Rosa Lake has caused changes in the ground water flow system, which may cause changes in the streamflow of the Pecos River that cannot be detected at the present streamflow-gaging stations, which are used to administer water rights along the Pecos River. The effect of the lake on streamflow was investigated using a three-dimensional ground water flow model. These simulations indicated that the net change in ground water flow to the river would be almost zero if the lake were maintained at its flood control pool for 90 days.

  20. New Radiometric Age Constraints for the Matuyama-Bruhnes Reversal and Santa Rosa Excursion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balbas, A.; Koppers, A. A. P.; Kent, D. V.; Coe, R. S.; Konrad, K.; Clark, P. U.

    2015-12-01

    The coupling of the timing of the virtual geomagnetic pole (VGP) position and the absolute paleointensities for geomagnetic events is vital for understanding the Earth's geodynamo. Here we present new high-precision 40Ar/39Ar age determinations using an ARGUS-VI multi-collector mass spectrometer for lava flows on Floreana Island, Galapagos, and Tahiti Nui, Society Islands. New Galapagos ages (n=6) place the GA-79 lava flow on Floreana Island, which records an excursional VGP from an equatorial region (Cox and Dalrymple, 1966), within the Santa Rosa excursion. This flow contains extremely low paleointesity values of 1.1 x 1022 Am2 (n=11; Wang and Kent, 2013). We also present 52 new ages on 18 lava flows from the Punaruu valley, Tahiti, which record the Matuyama-Bruhnes reversal. The new ages confirm that the lavas record this reversal, but the ages differ from the original stratigraphy presented in Mochizuki et al. (2011). Our new ages using the Kuiper et al. (2008) fish canyon sanidine ages for Punaruu valley lava flows are concordant with previous astronomically tuned ages (Channell et al. 2002, 2009) and represent the highest precision radiometric ages for the most recent reversal. Here we show that paleointensity lows associated with excursional events can be comparable to or less than those associated with reversals. In addition, such field strength reductions can occur in time intervals as short as 3 thousand years.

  1. Flora vascular y vegetación del humedal de Santa Rosa (Chancay, Lima)

    OpenAIRE

    Dámaso W. Ramirez; Hector Aponte; Asuncion Cano

    2011-01-01

    El presente trabajo muestra los resultados de un estudio de la flora y vegetación del humedal de Santa Rosa (Chancay, Lima) realizado entre los años 2007 y 2009. La flora vascular estuvo conformada por 66 especies agrupadas en 57 géneros y 26 familias. Las Poaceae (16), Cyperaceae (6) y Asteraceae (6) fueron las familias más diversas y constituyeron el 42% de la flora total. En comparación con los principales humedales de Lima, Santa Rosa presenta un mayor número de especies (Pantan...

  2. Reacciones adversas al tratamiento antirretroviral de gran actividad inicial en el hospital Santa Rosa – Piura.

    OpenAIRE

    Jiovany Jahn Carlos Saldaña-Gastulo; Carlos Purizaca-Rosillo; Javier Carreño-Ramirez; Christian Malqui-Huaman; Arnaldo La Chira-Albán; Alfonso Gutierrez Aguado

    2011-01-01

    Objetivo: Determinar la incidencia y factores asociados a reacciones adversas medicamentosas (RAM) al TARGA inicial durante el periodo enero 2006 – diciembre 2007 en el Hospital de Apoyo Santa Rosa-Piura. Diseño: Se realizó un estudio analítico de cohorte retrospectiva. Lugar: Hospital de Apoyo Santa Rosa-Piura. Participantes: 107 historias clínicas de pacientes VIH positivos mayores de 18 años que recibieron TARGA y fueron atendidos durante este periodo en el consultorio de infectología. Int...

  3. Subsurface petroleum geology of Santa Rosa sandstone (Triassic), northeast New Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Broadhead, R. F.

    The Santa Rose Sandstone (Triassic) occurs at depths of less than 2,000 ft over most of northeast New Mexico. Two major petroleum accumulations are known to exist in it. These outcrops of oil impregnated sandstone are known as the Santa Rosa tar sands. The oil in the tar sands is viscous and heavy. The other known petroleum accumulation is a pool of heavy oil that occurs at depths of 400 ft to 800 ft in northeast Guadalupe County. Attempts are being made to recover the heavy oil with steamflooding in two small pilot fields. The lower and upper sandstone units are blanket deposits composed mostly of fine to medium grained porous sandstones and minor red siliciclastic mudstones. The middle mudstone unit is a blanket deposit composed chiefly of red siliciclastic mudstones and minor lenticular sandstones. Stratigraphic and petrographic studies indicate that good reservoirs are widespread in the lower and upper sandstone unit. The blanket geometry of the lower and upper sandstone units indicates that structure probably plays an important or even dominant role in the trapping of any undiscovered hydrocarbons in the Santa Rosa. Oil proximal to the outcrop belt of the Santa Rosa Sandstone has probably been flushed by recently recharged fresh ground water. Although the source of the oil in Santa Rosa Sandstone is not definitely known, geochemical studies point to the San Andres Formation (Permian) or possibly Pennsylanian rocks.

  4. Flora vascular y vegetación del humedal de Santa Rosa (Chancay, Lima

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dámaso W. Ramirez

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo muestra los resultados de un estudio de la flora y vegetación del humedal de Santa Rosa (Chancay, Lima realizado entre los años 2007 y 2009. La flora vascular estuvo conformada por 66 especies agrupadas en 57 géneros y 26 familias. Las Poaceae (16, Cyperaceae (6 y Asteraceae (6 fueron las familias más diversas y constituyeron el 42% de la flora total. En comparación con los principales humedales de Lima, Santa Rosa presenta un mayor número de especies (Pantanos de Villa (65, Paraíso (26 y Medio Mundo (16. El análisis de similitud florística muestra que Santa Rosa es más semejante a Los Pantanos de Villa (Lima. El Análisis de Correspondencia (AC determinó tres comunidades vegetales predominantes: a Comunidad de acuáticas flotantes, b Totoral y asociadas y c Vega Mixta. Se considera que los cambios en la estructura de las comunidades vegetales y el número de especies introducidas son indicadores del impacto antrópico al que está sometido este ecosistema. Se identifican las fuentes de impacto humano y se considera a la agricultura como la principal amenaza del humedal.

  5. Ecofeminismo, mujeres y desarrollo sustentable: el caso de la Sierra de Santa Rosa en Guanajuato

    OpenAIRE

    Abril Saldaña Tejeda

    2015-01-01

    en este artículo se explora la participación de las mujeres en el Programa de Desarrollo Sustentable Sierra de Santa Rosa, en Guanajuato, de 2001 a 2011. Se expone la aportación del ecofeminismo para la noción de desarrollo sustentable, y para entender el vínculo entre la naturaleza y las mujeres. Se argumenta que la historia de la región, en específico el auge de la industria minera durante la Colonia, es un buen punto de partida para entender los problemas ambientales de la sierra y para vi...

  6. Hydrologic data for Okaloosa, Walton, and southeastern Santa Rosa counties, Florida

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wagner, Jeffrey R.; Hayes, L.R.; Lewis, C.E.; Barr, D.E.

    1980-01-01

    This report presents hydrologic and water-quality data collected within Okaloosa, Walton, and southeastern Santa Rosa Counties in northwest Florida. The data are presented in graphs and tables. Groundwater data include descriptions of wells and test holes, analyses of water quality, water level measurements, hydrographs of water levels and chloride concentrations in wells open to the upper part of the Floridan aquifer, and municipal and federal facilities pumpage. Surface-water data include streamflow measurements, streamflow hydrographs and analyses of water quality at selected stations. Maps of the area show locations of wells and surface-water stations. (USGS)

  7. Reacciones Adversas al Tratamiento Antirretroviral de Gran Actividad Inicial en el Hospital Santa Rosa - Piura.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiovany Jhan Carlos Saldaña-Gastulo

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo, Determinar la incidencia y factores asociados a reacciones adversas medicamentosas (RAM al TARGA inicial durante el periodo enero 2006 - diciembre 2007 en el Hospital de Apoyo Santa Rosa-Piura. Diseño, Se realizó un estudio analítico de cohorte retrospectiva. Lugar, Hospital de Apoyo Santa Rosa-Piura. Participantes, 107 historias clínicas de pacientes VIH positivos mayores de 18 años que recibieron TARGA y fueron atendidos durante este periodo en el consultorio de infectología. Intervenciones, Se analizaron retrospectivamente las historias clínicas que fueron pertinentes para la recolección de datos. Principales medidas de resultado, Analisis Univariado, Bivariado (t de Student, y Riesgo Relativo, multivariado (Regresión logística con 95% de confianza (p<0.05. Resultados, En 107 pacientes se encontró una incidencia acumulada de 66,35% de RAM al TARGA inicial. Las RAM experimentadas con mayor frecuencia fueron anemia (35,2%, rash (16,9% y vómitos (9,9%. Se encontró diferencias significativas entre la media de edad y la presencia de RAM con la prueba de t de student (p < 0.05 Conclusiones, Existe una alta incidenica de RAM en pacientes incluidos en TARGA, siendo la más frecuente la anemia en 25 pacientes (35,2%. La media de edad es mayor en pacientes con RAM.

  8. Santa Rosa Geysers Recharge Project: GEO-98-001. Final Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brauner, Edwin Jr.; Carlson, Daniel C.

    2002-10-01

    The Geysers steamfields in northern Sonoma County have produced reliable ''green'' power for many years. An impediment to long-term continued production has been the ability to provide a reliable source of injection water to replace water extracted and lost in the form of steam. The steamfield operators have historcially used cooling towers to recycle a small portion of the steam and have collected water during the winter months using stream extraction. These two sources, however, could not by themselves sustain the steamfield in the long term. The Lake County Reclaimed Water Project (SEGEP) was inititated in 1997 and provides another source of steamfield replenishment water. The Santa Rosa Geysers Recharge Project provides another significant step in replenishing the steamfield. In addition, the Santa Rosa Geysers Recharge Project has been built with capacity to potentially meet virtually all injection water requirements, when combined with these other sources. Figure 2.1 graphically depicts the combination of injection sources.

  9. The defense of provincial identity in a literary association: the Pampean Association of Writers of Santa Rosa, La Pampa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela Bassa

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyzes the notion of provincial identity in the Pampean Association of Writers of Santa Rosa, province of La Pampa. Although the group was shaped around literature, discourses and actions overflow this purpose and present a particular ideological stance regarding Pampean identity. Analysis focuses on interviews to members and documents produced both by local writers and the Association.

  10. 77 FR 37318 - Eighth Coast Guard District Annual Safety Zones; Sound of Independence; Santa Rosa Sound; Fort...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-21

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Eighth Coast Guard District Annual Safety Zones; Sound of Independence; Santa Rosa Sound; Fort Walton Beach, FL AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Notice of enforcement of regulation. SUMMARY: The Coast Guard will enforce a Safety Zone for the Sound of Independence...

  11. Multiplicação in vitro da ameixeira 'Santa Rosa': efeito da citocinina BAP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rogalski Marcelo

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available A ameixeira 'Santa Rosa' apresenta alta produtividade, ótimo sabor e aparência dos frutos para a comercialização. No entanto, por ser altamente suscetível à escaldadura das folhas (Xylella fastidiosa Wells, esta variedade apresenta problemas de cultivo no sul do Brasil. As técnicas de cultura in vitro permitem propagar e rapidamente espécies de interesse, além de permitir a limpeza de patógenos e a produção de matrizes com qualidade genética e sanitária comprovada. Porém, o uso prático da propagação in vitro requer a otimização das condições de cultura para cada espécie e/ou variedade. Dentre os fatores que mais influenciam a micropropagação, estão as citocininas, com destaque para o BAP. O objetivo principal deste trabalho foi avaliar o potencial de multiplicação in vitro da ameixeira 'Santa Rosa' sob diferentes concentrações de BAP. Após três subculturas em meio MA1, segmentos nodais com 0,5-1,0 cm foram submetidos a diferentes concentrações de BAP (0,5; 1,0; 2,0 e 3,0 mg.L-1. Os resultados mostraram que não ocorreram diferenças significativas no número de brotos para as diferentes concentrações de BAP testadas. No entanto, o maior número de brotos por explante (3,6 obteve-se na concentração de 2,0 mg.L-1 e a maior altura média dos brotos foi obtido na concentração de 0,5 mg.L-1 de BAP. Concentrações maiores que a 0,5 mg.L-1 de BAP inibiram o crescimento dos brotos. A micropropagação da ameixeira 'Santa Rosa' a partir de ápices caulinares e gemas laterais em meio de cultura MA1 mostrou-se eficaz.

  12. Penryn来袭——英特尔Santa Rosa Refresh笔记本电脑

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    壹分

    2008-01-01

    英特尔当前的迅驰平台被称作“Santa Rosa”,俗称“迅驰四”,由Merom核心的Core2Duo处理器、965系列主板芯片组和无线网络模块共同组成。按照英特尔的计划,将于2008年5月推出新一代的迅驰平台“Montevina”(第五代迅驰平台),来取代目前主流的Santa Rosa。不过由于处理器技术的发展速度比整体平台要快,因此原定用于Montevina的Penryn处理器于2008年1月底率先面市。这也给迅驰平台带来了又一次“Refresh”——Santa Rosa Refresh(俗称“迅驰4.5”)。

  13. Reacciones adversas al tratamiento antirretroviral de gran actividad inicial en el hospital Santa Rosa – Piura.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiovany Jahn Carlos Saldaña-Gastulo

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Determinar la incidencia y factores asociados a reacciones adversas medicamentosas (RAM al TARGA inicial durante el periodo enero 2006 – diciembre 2007 en el Hospital de Apoyo Santa Rosa-Piura. Diseño: Se realizó un estudio analítico de cohorte retrospectiva. Lugar: Hospital de Apoyo Santa Rosa-Piura. Participantes: 107 historias clínicas de pacientes VIH positivos mayores de 18 años que recibieron TARGA y fueron atendidos durante este periodo en el consultorio de infectología. Intervenciones: Se analizaron retrospectivamente las historias clínicas que fueron pertinentes para la recolección de datos. Principales medidas de resultado: Analisis Univariado, Bivariado (t de Student, y Riesgo Relativo, multivariado (Regresión logística con 95% de confianza (p<0.05. Resultados: En 107 pacientes se encontró una incidencia acumulada de 66,35% de RAM al TARGA inicial. Las RAM experimentadas con mayor frecuencia fueron anemia (35,2%, rash (16,9% y vómitos (9,9%. Se encontró diferencias significativas entre la media de edad y la presencia de RAM con la prueba de t de student (p < 0.05 Conclusiones: Existe una alta incidenica de RAM en pacientes incluidos en TARGA, siendo la más frecuente la anemia en 25 pacientes (35,2%. La media de edad es mayor en pacientes con RAM. Palabras Claves: VIH/SIDA, Terapia de alta actividad antirretroviral, Reacciones adversas a medicamentos.

  14. Fifty-Year Flood-Inundation Maps for Santa Rosa de Aguan, Honduras

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mastin, Mark C.; Olsen, T.D.

    2002-01-01

    After the devastating floods caused by Hurricane Mitch in 1998, maps of the areas and depths of the 50-year-flood inundation at 15 municipalities in Honduras were prepared as a tool for agencies involved in reconstruction and planning. This report, which is one in a series of 15, presents maps of areas in the coastal municipality of Santa Rosa de Aguan that are prone to oceanic storm-surge flooding and wave action. The 50-year flood on the Rio Aguan (4,270 cubic meters per second), would inundate most of the area surveyed for this municipality and beyond. Therefore a detailed numerical hydraulic model was not developed for this municipality as it was for the others. The 50-year storm surge would likely produce higher water levels than the 50-year flood on the river during normal astronomical tides. The elevation of the 50-year storm surge was estimated to be 4.35 meters above normal sea level, based on hurricane probabilities and published storm-surge elevations associated with various hurricane categories. Flood-inundation maps, including areas of wave-action hazard and a color-shaded elevation map, were created from the available data and the estimated 50-year storm tide. Geographic Information System (GIS) coverages of the hazard areas are available on a computer in the municipality of Santa Rosa de Aguan as part of the Municipal GIS project and on the Internet at the Flood Hazard Mapping Data Web page (http://mitchnts1.cr.usgs.gov/projects/floodhazard.html). These coverages allow users to view the maps in much more detail than is possible using the maps in this report.

  15. 33 CFR 80.1102 - Santa Catalina Island, CA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Santa Catalina Island, CA. 80.1102 Section 80.1102 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY INTERNATIONAL NAVIGATION RULES COLREGS DEMARCATION LINES Pacific Coast § 80.1102 Santa Catalina Island, CA....

  16. 46 CFR 7.115 - Santa Catalina Island, CA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Santa Catalina Island, CA. 7.115 Section 7.115 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY PROCEDURES APPLICABLE TO THE PUBLIC BOUNDARY LINES Pacific Coast § 7.115 Santa Catalina Island, CA. (a) A line drawn from the northernmost point of Lion Head...

  17. Estructura de los encinares de la sierra de Santa Rosa, Guanajuato, México Oak forest structure in the Sierra de Santa Rosa range, Guanajuato, Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Martínez-Cruz

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Se describe la estructura de 4 asociaciones de encinares en el oriente de la sierra de Santa Rosa, Guanajuato, con el método de cuadrantes al punto central (21 transectos, donde se contabilizaron 2 320 individuos arbóreos y arbustivos, que incluyen 36 especies, 22 géneros y 15 familias. La asociación Quercus potosina-Q. castanea (QPC registró la mayor riqueza (29 especies y el menor número de individuos por ha-1 (650. Por el contrario, la asociación de Q. laurina-Q. rugosa (QLR presentó sólo 12 especies, pero la mayor densidad de arbustos por ha-1 (5 593. El índice α de Fisher y el análisis de rarefacción ratificaron que la asociación de QPC es la más diversa. La asociación Q. potosina-Q. eduardii (QPE fue la de mayor equidad. Los índices de Simpson (cualitativo y de Sørensen (cuantitativo coincidieron en que las asociaciones Q. coccolobifolia-QLR y QLR-QPE presentan la mayor diversidad beta. Debido al marcado deterioro que se observa en estos bosques, la heterogeneidad de las asociaciones de encinares respecto a su composición, atributos de estructura y diversidad, deben considerarse en acciones futuras encaminadas a lograr un manejo más sustentable de los recursos naturales que albergan estos bosques, así como acciones particulares de conservación y restauración.The structure of 4 oak associations in the western part of the Sierra de Santa Rosa range in Guanajuato state is described. Oak associations were sampled using the point centered quarter method (21 sites. We censused 2 320 individuals of trees and shrubs belonging to 36 species, in 22 genera and 15 families. Observed species richness (29 was highest in the Quercus potosina-Q. castanea association (QPC but tree density was the lowest (650 individuals/ha. Meanwhile, the Q. laurina-Q. rugosa association (QLR had the least number of observed species (12, but the maximum shrub density (5 593 individual/ ha. The Fisher index for alpha diversity and the rarefaction

  18. Padrões motores de escolares de oito a nove anos de idade da cidade de Santa Rosa, RS

    OpenAIRE

    Loi, Luiz Serafim de Mello

    1999-01-01

    Dissertação (mestrado) - Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Centro de Desportos. O desenvolvimento motor é um assunto que necessita maiores estudos, haja vista a importância cada vez maior do desenvolvimento pleno da criança, desde os primeiros anos de vida. Este estudo utilizando como Marco Referencial Teórico (MRT) o modelo de desenvolvimento motor de Gallahue & Ozmun (1998) teve por objetivo verificar o perfil motor de escolares de oito e nove anos de idade, da cidade de Santa Rosa...

  19. Santa Rosa Island Mission Utilization Plan Programmatic Environmental Assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-03-01

    Influence for Underwater Explosive Noise Produced from Four Mine Clearing Systems......4-18 Table 4-10. Cetacean Densities for Gulf of Mexico Shelf Region...and welfare , and preserve the natural beneficial value of floodplains. The order stipulates that federal agencies proposing actions in floodplains...off the coast and commercial shipping through the Sound and the bay. The general economic welfare of these five counties may impact other counties

  20. Estimating floodplain sedimentation in the Laguna de Santa Rosa, Sonoma County, CA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Curtis, Jennifer A.; Flint, Lorraine E.; Hupp, Cliff R.

    2013-01-01

    We present a conceptual and analytical framework for predicting the spatial distribution of floodplain sedimentation for the Laguna de Santa Rosa, Sonoma County, CA. We assess the role of the floodplain as a sink for fine-grained sediment and investigate concerns regarding the potential loss of flood storage capacity due to historic sedimentation. We characterized the spatial distribution of sedimentation during a post-flood survey and developed a spatially distributed sediment deposition potential map that highlights zones of floodplain sedimentation. The sediment deposition potential map, built using raster files that describe the spatial distribution of relevant hydrologic and landscape variables, was calibrated using 2 years of measured overbank sedimentation data and verified using longer-term rates determined using dendrochronology. The calibrated floodplain deposition potential relation was used to estimate an average annual floodplain sedimentation rate (3.6 mm/year) for the ~11 km2 floodplain. This study documents the development of a conceptual model of overbank sedimentation, describes a methodology to estimate the potential for various parts of a floodplain complex to accumulate sediment over time, and provides estimates of short and long-term overbank sedimentation rates that can be used for ecosystem management and prioritization of restoration activities.

  1. Ecofeminismo, mujeres y desarrollo sustentable: el caso de la Sierra de Santa Rosa en Guanajuato

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abril Saldaña Tejeda

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available en este artículo se explora la participación de las mujeres en el Programa de Desarrollo Sustentable Sierra de Santa Rosa, en Guanajuato, de 2001 a 2011. Se expone la aportación del ecofeminismo para la noción de desarrollo sustentable, y para entender el vínculo entre la naturaleza y las mujeres. Se argumenta que la historia de la región, en específico el auge de la industria minera durante la Colonia, es un buen punto de partida para entender los problemas ambientales de la sierra y para visualizar el vínculo entre las estructuras que funcionan en detrimento del medio ambiente y de las mujeres. Así como también que dicho programa tuvo un efecto positivo en la participación social de las mujeres. Sin embargo, existen todavía retos importantes que se manifiestan en estructuras ideológicas, que impiden la participación de las mujeres como líderes y no sólo como trabajadoras, en las condiciones de pobreza que obstaculizan un verdadero compromiso con la sustentabilidad.

  2. [Description of a staphylococcal alimentary poisoning outbreak in Las Rosas, Santa Fe Province, Argentina].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brizzio, Aníbal A; Tedeschi, Fabián A; Zalazar, Fabián E

    2011-01-01

    On February 2008, a suspected foodborne outbreak was reported in Las Rosas (Santa Fe Province, Argentina). The formal procedures indicated that an undetermined number of individuals had experienced food poisoning following consumption of vegetable cannelloni bought at a local shop. The manufacturer establishment was audited. Samples from the suspected food, as well as environmental samples and swabs from food handlers were obtained and involved subjects were interviewed. Remnants of ingested food were also obtained. Routine microbiological procedures of the foodborne outbreak revealed the presence of coagulase positive S. aureus subspecies aureus in samples from ingested and raw food, and from manipulators. Indicator microorganisms did not show significant levels and no other foodborne pathogen was isolated. Presence of staphylococcal enterotoxin-producing genes was subsequently investigated, and a positive result for enterotoxin B was shown in S. aureus strains isolated from a food handler as well as from food linked to the outbreak Moreover, these isolates showed 100% similarity by SmaI-PFGE. Timely notification together with coordinated sanitary measures and the availability of appropriate laboratory tools allowed to interrupt the chain of disease transmission by identifying risk and protective factors.

  3. Prevalence of metabolic syndrome in a rural area of Santa Rosa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roger Silveira Haab

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Metabolic Syndrome (MS is a condition of high prevalence and growing. This article aims to describe the determinants and also the prevalence of this important risk factor for cardiovascular disease in a rural area of the Santa Rosa city. We conducted a cross-sectional study in a population covered by the Family Health Strategy, consisting of young adults aged 20-49 years. We applied a pre-coded questionnaire with socio-demographic, behavioral, personal and family history of chronic diseases, and obtained anthropometric measurements and laboratory tests. For the classification of the metabolic syndrome, this study followed the criteria of the National Cholesterol Education Program’s Adult Treatment Panel (NCEP / ATP III and the International Diabetes Federation. We described a single component of MS and found a high prevalence of abdominal obesity and low HDL - cholesterol in women and high prevalence of increased blood pressure in men. The overall prevalence of MS was found to be 8.5% in men and 22% in women by the criteria of the NCEP / ATP III, and 15.9% in men and 25.3% in women by IDF criteria.

  4. Field rates for natural attenuation of arsenic in Tinto Santa Rosa acid mine drainage (SW Spain).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asta, Maria P; Ayora, Carlos; Acero, Patricia; Cama, Jordi

    2010-05-15

    Reactive transport modelling of the main processes related to the arsenic natural attenuation observed in the acid mine drainage (AMD) impacted stream of Tinto Santa Rosa (SW Spain) was performed. Despite the simplicity of the kinetic expressions used to deal with arsenic attenuation processes, the model reproduced successfully the major chemical trends observed along the acid discharge. Results indicated that the rate of ferrous iron oxidation was similar to the one obtained in earlier field studies in which microbial catalysis is reported to occur. With regard to the scaled arsenic oxidation rate, it is one order of magnitude faster than the values obtained under laboratory conditions suggesting the existence of a catalytic agent in the natural system. Schwertmannite precipitation rate, which was represented by a simple kinetic expression relying on Fe(III) and pH, was in the range calculated for other AMD impacted sites. Finally, the obtained distribution coefficients used for representing arsenic sorption onto Fe(III) precipitates were lower than those deduced from reported laboratory data. This discrepancy is attributed to a decrease in the schwertmannite arsenate sorption capacity as sulphate increases in the solution.

  5. Planning for Integral Development. Public Policies, Economic Growth and Social Improvements in Santa Rosa (Ecuador

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Prada-Trigo

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Ecuador is immersed, since the adoption of the 2008 Constitution, in a process of economic, social and political changes, following the steps on their path to a more equal, post-extractive and democratic society. The main tool for this purpose, the National Strategy for the «Buen Vivir» (Good living and the Change in the Production Model emphasizes new ways for producing, consumption and self-organization. Although Ecuadorian Constitution comprises these ideas and the Ecuadorian Government has promoted different programs and strategies, there is a limited analysis about the local manifestations of these policies. In this way, this paper proposes a study of the local strategies developed in a medium-size city in the south of Ecuador through the analysis of the local networks and the initiatives of local actors for developing strategies oriented to this end. Interviews and statistical data (demographic, economic and social data mainly are used to confirm the level of accomplishment of these objectives. Thus, the existing local networks and the path of the city of Santa Rosa may explain the different level of recent socioeconomic changes taken place at local level instead of Central government policies.

  6. Ground-water recharge in Escambia and Santa Rosa Counties, Florida

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grubbs, J.W.

    1995-01-01

    Ground water is a major component of Florida's water resources, accounting for 90 percent of all public-supply and self-supplied domestic water withdrawals, and 58 percent of self-supplied commercial-industrial and agricultural withdrawals of freshwater (Marella, 1992). Ground-water is also an important source of water for streams, lakes, and wetlands in Florida. Because of their importance, a good understanding of these resources is essential for their sound development, use, and protection. One area in which our understanding is lacking is in characterizing the rate at which ground water in aquifers is recharged, and how recharge rates vary geographically. Ground-water recharge (recharge) is the replenishment of ground water by downward infiltration of water from rainfall, streams, and other sources (American Society of Civil Engineers, 1987, p. 222). The recharge rates in many areas of Florida are unknown, of insufficient accuracy, or mapped at scales that are too coarse to be useful. Improved maps of recharge rates will result in improved capabilities for managing Florida's ground-water resources. In 1989, the U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the Florida Department of Environmental Regulation, began a study to delineate high-rate recharge areas in several regions of Florida (Vecchioli and others, 1990). This study resulted in recharge maps that delineated areas of high (greater than 10 inches per year) and low (0 to 10 inches per year) recharge in three counties--Okaloosa, Pasco, and Volusia Counties--at a scale of 1:100,000. This report describes the results of a similar recharge mapping study for Escambia and Santa Rosa Counties (fig. 1), in which areas of high- and low-rates of recharge to the sand-and-gravel aquifer and Upper Floridan aquifer are delineated. The study was conducted in 1992 and 1993 by the U.S. Geological Survey in cooperation with the Florida Department of Environmental Protection.

  7. Submarine Landslides at Santa Catalina Island, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Legg, M. R.; Francis, R. D.

    2011-12-01

    Santa Catalina Island is an active tectonic block of volcanic and metamorphic rocks originally exposed during middle Miocene transtension along the evolving Pacific-North America transform plate boundary. Post-Miocene transpression created the existing large pop-up structure along the major strike-slip restraining bend of the Catalina fault that forms the southwest flank of the uplift. Prominent submerged marine terraces apparent in high-resolution bathymetric maps interrupt the steep submarine slopes in the upper ~400 meters subsea depths. Steep subaerial slopes of the island are covered by Quaternary landslides, especially at the sea cliffs and in the blueschist metamorphic rocks. The submarine slopes also show numerous landslides that range in area from a few hectares to more than three sq-km (300 hectares). Three or more landslides of recent origin exist between the nearshore and first submerged terrace along the north-facing shelf of the island's West End. One of these slides occurred during September 2005 when divers observed a remarkable change in the seafloor configuration after previous dives in the area. Near a sunken yacht at about 45-ft depth where the bottom had sloped gently into deeper water, a "sinkhole" had formed that dropped steeply to 100-ft or greater depths. Some bubbling sand was observed in the shallow water areas that may be related to the landslide process. High-resolution multibeam bathymetry acquired in 2008 by CSU Monterey Bay show this "fresh" slide and at least two other slides of varying age along the West End. The slides are each roughly 2 hectares in area and their debris aprons are spread across the first terrace at about 85-m water depth that is likely associated with the Last Glacial Maximum sealevel lowstand. Larger submarine slides exist along the steep Catalina and Catalina Ridge escarpments along the southwest flank of the island platform. A prominent slide block, exceeding 3 sq-km in area, appears to have slipped more than

  8. Santa Rosa de Lima: uma santa anoréxica na América Latina? Santa Rosa de Lima: ¿una santa anoréxica en Latinoamérica? Saint Rose of Lima: an anorexic saint in Latin America?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cybelle Weinberg

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available A literatura especializada tem nos mostrado que é grande a semelhança entre o comportamento alimentar das santas jejuadoras medievais e o das anoréxicas atuais. No entanto, há poucas referências sobre a existência de santas jejuadoras na América Latina. No presente trabalho, os autores salientam aspectos da vida de Santa Rosa de Lima, Patrona da América e Filipinas, que poderiam ser descritos como comportamentos anoréxicos. Comparando os aspectos psicopatológicos da vida de Santa Rosa com o comportamento das anoréxicas atuais, pareceu confirmar-se um padrão uniforme de comportamento, especialmente quanto ao aspecto imitativo, fator que poderia levar as jovens da atualidade a desenvolverem um transtorno alimentar após terem algum tipo de informação sobre o transtorno.La literatura especializada nos muestra gran similitud entre el comportamiento alimentar de las santas de la edad media que ayunaban y el de las anoréxicas de la actualidad. Hay pocas informaciones sobre santas que practicaban ayuno en Latinoamérica. En este artículo, los autores resaltan aspectos de la vida de santa Rosa de Lima, Patrona de América y Filipinas, que pueden ser considerados como comportamientos anoréxicos. Al comparar aspectos psicopatológicos de la vida de santa Rosa con el comportamiento de anoréxicas de la actualidad, parece que se confirma un modelo uniforme de comportamiento, especialmente respecto al aspecto de imitación, hecho que podría llevar a las jóvenes de hoy a desarrollar un trastorno de la alimentación luego de recibir informaciones sobre el tema.The specialized literature has shown us the great similarity between the eating habits of medieval fasting women saints and today's anorexic women. Nonetheless, there are few references to the existence of such fasting women saints in Latin America. The authors of this paper present some aspects of the life of Saint Rose of Lima, the patroness of the Americas and the Philippines, that

  9. 76 FR 67395 - Port Access Route Study: In the Approaches to Los Angeles-Long Beach and in the Santa Barbara...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-01

    ... Pacific Ocean, particularly the area south of San Miguel, Santa Rosa, Santa Cruz, and Anacapa Islands; and north of San Nicolas, Santa Barbara, and Santa Catalina Islands where an increase in vessel traffic has..., precautionary areas, and deep-water routes. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Background and Purpose The Coast...

  10. Possible changes in ground-water flow to the Pecos River caused by Santa Rosa Lake, Guadalupe County, New Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Risser, D.W.

    1987-01-01

    In 1980 Santa Rosa Dam began impounding water on the Pecos River about 7 miles north of Santa Rosa, New Mexico, to provide flood control, sediment control, and storage for irrigation. Santa Rosa Lake has caused changes in the groundwater flow system, which may cause changes in the streamflow of the Pecos River that cannot be detected at the present streamflow gaging stations. Data collected at these stations are used to measure the amount of water available for downstream users. A three-dimensional groundwater flow model for a 950 sq mi area between Anton Chico and Puerto de Luna was used to simulate the effects of Santa Rosa Lake on groundwater flow to a gaining reach of the Pecos River for lake levels of 4,675, 4,715, 4,725, 4,750, 4,776, and 4,797 feet above sea level and durations of impoundment of 30, 90, 182, and 365 days for all levels except 4 ,797 feet. These simulations indicated that streamflow in the Pecos River could increase by as much as 2 cu ft/sec between the dam and Puerto de Luna if the lake level were maintained at 4 ,797 feet for 90 days or 4,776 feet for 1 year. About 90% of this increased streamflow would occur < 0.5 mi downstream from the dam, some of which would be measured at the streamflow gaging station located 0.2 mile downstream from the dam. Simulations also indicated that the lake will affect groundwater flow such that inflow to the study area may be decreased by as much as 1.9 cu ft/sec. This water may leave the Pecos River drainage basin or be diverted back to the Pecos River downstream from the gaging station near Puerto de Luna. In either case, this quantity represents a net loss of water upstream from Puerto de Luna. Most simulations indicated that the decrease in groundwater flow into the study area would be of about the same quantity as the simulated increase in streamflow downstream from the dam. Therefore, the net effect of the lake on the flow of the Pecos River in the study area appears to be negligible. Model simulations

  11. Usos políticos de las batallas de Santa Rosa de 1856 y 1955: o, cómo fallar al inventar tradiciones

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco Cabrera Geserick

    2015-11-01

    En Costa Rica, la guerra filibustera es aceptada como la narrativa nacional por excelencia, esto incluye la Batalla de Santa Rosa de 1856. En 1956, una segunda batalla en Santa Rosa, la de 1955, fue usada por el partido gobernante para apoyar una nueva narrativa nacional que promoviera un nuevo proyecto de nación. El intento, sin embargo, fracasó. Este artículo analiza los conceptos de memoria colectiva y tradiciones inventadas para explicar las circunstancias de este fracaso.

  12. Eficiência de ésteres de sacarose em ameixas (Prunus salicina, Lindl. 'Santa Rosa' refrigeradas Efficiency of sucrose esters in plums (Prunus salcina, Lindl. 'Santa Rosa' cold stored

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R.A. Kluge

    1995-12-01

    Full Text Available Com o objetivo de avaliar o efeito do TAL-PROLONG (ésteres de sacarose, ameixas 'Santa Rosa' foram armazenadas por 21 dias a 0°C e 90-95% UR (+ 3 dias de comercialização simulada em temperatura ambiente. As doses do TAL-PROLONG utilizadas foram 0; 0,5; 1,0; 1,5 e 2,0%, aplicadas antes do armazenamento por imersão das frutas. As frutas tratadas com TAL-PROLONG apresentaram menores perdas de peso durante o armazenamento e comercialização simulada. Houve menor incidência de podridões e desintegração interna de polpa nas frutas tratadas com TAL-PROLONG, o qual foi também eficiente na manutenção da coloração das frutas.Aiming to verify the efficiency of TAL-PROLONG (sucrose esters, plums 'Santa Rosa' were stored for 21 days at 0°C and 90-95% RH (+ 3 days of simulated marketing at room temperature. The fruits were immersed in a solution containing 0; 0,5; 1,0; 1,5 and 2,0% of TAL-PROLONG, before storage. During cold storage and marketing, fruits treated with TAL-PROLONG presented less weight loss. The decay and internal breakdown incidence was reduced in fruits treated with TAL-PROLONG and it was efficient for maintening the fruit colour.

  13. Detailed mapping and rupture implications of the 1 km releasing bend in the Rodgers Creek Fault at Santa Rosa, northern California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hecker, Suzanne; Langenheim, Victoria; Williams, Robert; Hitchcock, Christopher S.; DeLong, Stephen B.

    2016-01-01

    Airborne light detection and ranging (lidar) topography reveals for the first time the trace of the Rodgers Creek fault (RCF) through the center of Santa Rosa, the largest city in the northern San Francisco Bay area. Vertical deformation of the Santa Rosa Creek floodplain expresses a composite pull‐apart basin beneath the urban cover that is part of a broader 1‐km‐wide right‐releasing bend in the fault. High‐resolution geophysical data illuminate subsurface conditions that may be responsible for the complex pattern of surface faulting, as well as for the distribution of seismicity and possibly for creep behavior. We identify a dense, magnetic basement body bounded by the RCF beneath Santa Rosa that we interpret as a strong asperity, likely part of a larger locked patch of the fault to the south. A local increase in frictional resistance associated with the basement body appears to explain (1) distributed fault‐normal extension above where the RCF intersects the body; (2) earthquake activity around the northern end of the body, notably the 1969 ML 5.6 and 5.7 events and aftershocks; and (3) creep rates on the RCF that are higher to the north of Santa Rosa than to the south. There is a significant probability of a major earthquake on the RCF in the coming decades, and earthquakes associated with the proposed asperity have the potential to release seismic energy into the Cotati basin beneath Santa Rosa, already known from damaging historical earthquakes to produce amplified ground shaking.

  14. Diversidad de coleópteros en un bosque alto andino del municipio de Santa Rosa de Viterbo (Boyacá (Diversity of coleoptera in a high forest Andean in the municipality of Santa Rosa de Viterbo (Boyacá

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Humberto Bohórquez Salazar

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo presenta los resultados de un estudio desarrollado en el municipio de Santa Rosa de Viterbo, ubicado a 2750 msnm, en un relicto de bosque húmedo montano bajo (bh-M. Dicho estudio tuvo como finalidad identificar la diversidad y riqueza de entomofauna referida al orden Coleóptera, en los predios de la Escuela de Policía Rafael Reyes (ESREY. Es importante señalar que este es el primer estudio de este tipo realizado en la zona. Se reportan un total de 270 individuos capturados pertenecientes a 17 familias, 25 subfamilias, 30 tribus y 44 géneros; siendo Coccinellidae la familia más representativa (19,3% y Dryophthoridae la familia menos representativa (0,4%. Vale la pena mencionar que, según lo reportado por Martínez (2005, no se encuentran registros de ningún género de Carabidae en el municipio, por lo que se puede destacar que los resultados publicados en este artículo son los primeros registros para Santa Rosa de Viterbo. Así mismo, la revisión de Medina, Lopera-Toro, Vitolo & Gill, (2001 sobre escarabajos coprófagos de Colombia indica que los géneros encontrados en este estudio no se registran a una altitud mayor a 2600 msnm por lo que se puede reportar un registro altitudinal para Canthon y Dichotomius Finalmente, en el artículo se presentan los resultados de un proceso de educación desarrollado con niños de grado quinto de primaria de una institución educativa del municipio y con los semilleros de investigación de la ESREY, proceso que fue diseñado como estrategia para promover la apropiación social de conocimiento y divulgación de los resultados del trabajo. (Abstract. This article presents the results of a study conducted in the municipality of Santa Rosa de Viterbo, located at 2750 meters above sea level, in a relict humid montane forest under (bh-M. This study aimed to identify the diversity and richness of Coleoptera order entomofauna referred to in the grounds of the School of Police Rafael Reyes

  15. Metodologia feminista e direitos reprodutivos no Centro de Saúde Santa Rosa, Niterói (RJ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elaine França da Silva

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho tem por objetivo examinar práticas feministas e femininas, em especial, aquelas presentes em uma pedagogia voltada para o processo de empoderamento político das mulheres, a Linha da Vida, largamente utilizada nas lutas dos anos de 1980 por direitos reprodutivos e, mais especificamente, pela instituição do Programa de Assistência Integral à Saúde da Mulher. Essa pedagogia, propagada no Brasil, marca a segunda onda feminista, estimulando o protagonismo das mulheres, favorecendo a tomada de consciência e definindo orientações de lutas pelas transformações desejadas. Para tanto, este trabalho apresenta um estudo tomado da experiência do Centro de Saúde Santa Rosa, em Niterói (RJ, a partir de 1984.

  16. 游戏动力 从芯开始——实践Santa Rosa Refresh平台

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    武超; 郑晔

    2008-01-01

    在第四代迅驰平台Sonta Rosa发布八个月之后,名为Sonta Rosa Refresh的平台正式于2008年1月8日发布。正如人们之前预料的那样,它在保持芯片组和无线模块等组件不变的基础上,将基于第五代迅驰平台(Montevina),代号为Penryn的45纳米处理器提前应用到现有平台当中。那么,新规格的Penryn处理器有哪些优化设计? Penryn处理器的加入能给迅驰平台带来多大的性能提升?Santa Rosa Refresh平台体现在游戏上又有怎么样的表现呢?

  17. Assessing marine microbial induced corrosion at Santa Catalina Island, California

    OpenAIRE

    Gustavo Antonio Ramírez; Colleen Lynn Hoffman; Lee, Michael D.; Lesniewski, Ryan A.; Roman Barco; Arkadiy Garber; Brandy Marie Toner; Charles Geoffrey Wheat; Katrina Jane Edwards; Orcutt, Beth N.

    2016-01-01

    High iron and eutrophic conditions are reported as environmental factors leading to accelerated low-water corrosion, an enhanced form of near-shore microbial-induced corrosion. To explore this hypothesis, we deployed flow-through colonization systems in laboratory-based aquarium tanks under a continuous flow of surface seawater from Santa Catalina Island, California, USA, for periods of two and six months. Substrates consisted of mild steel – a major constituent of maritime infrastructure – a...

  18. Assessing Marine Microbial Induced Corrosion at Santa Catalina Island, California

    OpenAIRE

    Ramírez, Gustavo A; Hoffman, Colleen L.; Lee, Michael D.; Lesniewski, Ryan A.; Barco, Roman A.; Garber, Arkadiy; Toner, Brandy M; Wheat, Charles G.; Edwards, Katrina J.; Orcutt, Beth N.

    2016-01-01

    High iron and eutrophic conditions are reported as environmental factors leading to accelerated low-water corrosion, an enhanced form of near-shore microbial induced corrosion. To explore this hypothesis, we deployed flow-through colonization systems in laboratory-based aquarium tanks under a continuous flow of surface seawater from Santa Catalina Island, CA, USA, for periods of 2 and 6 months. Substrates consisted of mild steel – a major constituent of maritime infrastructure – and the natur...

  19. Analysis of biological parameters of Boophilus microplus Canestrini, 1887 exposed to entomopathogenic nematodes Steinernema carpocapsae Santa Rosa and All strains (Steinernema: Rhabditida

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gláucia Marques Freitas-Ribeiro

    2005-11-01

    Full Text Available Engorged and partially engorged females of Boophilus microplus were exposed to 600; 3,000; 6,000 and 30,000 infective juveniles of Steinernema carpocapsae Weiser, 1955 Santa Rosa and All strains per dish, under lab conditions. Eggs weight, pre-laying period, laying period, survival period, reproductive efficiency rate, percentage of larval eclosion and lethal concentrations of 50% and 90% (CL50 and CL90 were calculated for engorged females. In the case of partially engorged females, only egg weight, survival period and CL50 and CL90 were calculated. All biological parameters of engorged or partially engorged females were altered by exposition of S. carpocapsae infective juveniles (IJs, Santa Rosa and All strains (pFêmeas ingurgitadas e parcialmente ingurgitadas de B. microplus foram expostas a 600, 3000, 6000 e 30000 juvenis infectivos de Steinernema carpocapsae Weiser, 1955 linhagens Santa Rosa e ALL por placa, sob condições de laboratório. Foram investigados para fêmeas ingurgitadas: peso da massa de ovos, período pré-postura, período de postura, tempo de sobrevivência, índice de eficiência reprodutiva, percentual de aclosão de larvas e concentrações letais 50% e 90% (CL50 e CL90. Para fêmeas parcialmente ingurgitadas somente foram observados peso da massa de ovos, tempo de sobrevivência, CL50 e CL90. Todos os parâmetros biológicos de fêmeas ingurgitadas foram e parcialmente ingurgitadas foram alterados pela exposição a juvenis infectivos de S. carpocapsae linhagens Santa Rosa e ALL (P<0,05. O aumento das resposta foi diretamente proporcional ao aumento das concentrações de juvenis infectivos por placa (P<0,05. Os resultados sugerem que nematóides entomopatogênicos podem ter papel primissor no controle de carrapatos dos bovinos.

  20. Emergence and evolution of Santa Maria Island (Azores)—The conundrum of uplifted islands revisited

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramalho, Ricardo; Helffrich, George; Madeira, Jose; Cosca, Michael A.; Thomas, Christine; Quartau, Rui; Hipolito, Ana; Rovere, Alessio; Hearty, Paul; Avila, Sergio

    2017-01-01

    The growth and decay of ocean-island volcanoes are intrinsically linked to vertical movements. While the causes for subsidence are better understood, uplift mechanisms remain enigmatic. Santa Maria Island in the Azores Archipelago is an ocean-island volcano resting on top of young lithosphere, barely 480 km away from the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Like most other Azorean islands, Santa Maria should be experiencing subsidence. Yet, several features indicate an uplift trend instead. In this paper, we reconstruct the evolutionary history of Santa Maria with respect to the timing and magnitude of its vertical movements, using detailed field work and 40Ar/39Ar geochronology. Our investigations revealed a complex evolutionary history spanning ∼6 m.y., with subsidence up to ca. 3.5 Ma followed by uplift extending to the present day. The fact that an island located in young lithosphere experienced a pronounced uplift trend is remarkable and raises important questions concerning possible uplift mechanisms. Localized uplift in response to the tectonic regime affecting the southeastern tip of the Azores Plateau is unlikely, since the area is under transtension. Our analysis shows that the only viable mechanism able to explain the uplift is crustal thickening by basal intrusions, suggesting that intrusive processes play a significant role even on islands standing on young lithosphere, such as in the Azores.

  1. Structuring a Matrix of Tourism Impacts caused by the development of Agritourism in the Municipality of Santa Rosa de Lima/SC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo dos Santos Pires

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The development of tourism in rural areas, and the evaluation of impacts in the context of environmental planning and territorial organization, are two of the main themes of this article, the objective of which is to structure a matrix of tourism impacts, adapted from the Leopold’s universal matrix model, and applied to the municipality of Santa Rosa de Lima in t Santa Catarina State, Brazil. The structure of the matrix includes all human activities related to tourism development (vertical axis, as well as the biophysical, socio-cultural and economic environments, which are potentially affected by this development (horizontal axis. The structuring of the matrix of impacts is the result of the multi- and interdisciplinary approach conducted in a  2007 study, entitled “Impactos e Riscos do Turismo nas Encostas da Serra Geral Catarinense - o caso de Santa Rosa de Lima” (Impacts and Risks of Tourism on   Serra Geral of Santa Catarina slopes. As final considerations, it forsees the practical application of the matrix of impacts, attributing values of magnitude and importance for each human activity in each of the affected environments . It also mentions the lack of national and international literature on the application of matrix models for evaluating the impacts of tourism activity, a fact which suggests the need for further research.

  2. CRED Towed-Diver Fish Biomass Surveys at Santa Rosa Bank, Marianas Archipelago in 2003

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Towed-diver surveys (aka. Towboard surveys) are conducted by the Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED) of the NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC)...

  3. CRED Towed-Diver Fish Biomass Surveys at Santa Rosa Bank, Marianas Archipelago in 2005

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Towed-diver surveys (aka. Towboard surveys) are conducted by the Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED) of the NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) as...

  4. 75 FR 52969 - Final Environmental Impact Statement; Prisoners Harbor Wetland Restoration, Santa Cruz Island...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-30

    ... National Park Service Final Environmental Impact Statement; Prisoners Harbor Wetland Restoration, Santa... coastal wetland on Santa Cruz Island, Channel Islands National Park. The requisite no-action ``wait period... restoration of palustrine wetlands and deepwater habitat at Prisoners Harbor, as well as remove a...

  5. Perfil de utilização de medicamentos em idosos da zona urbana de Santa Rosa, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil Use of medicines by the elderly in Santa Rosa, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vanessa Boeira Flores

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Os medicamentos representam um dos itens mais importantes da atenção à saúde do idoso. Estes particularmente utilizam múltiplos medicamentos apresentando mais reações adversas. O estudo objetivou avaliar o perfil do consumo de medicamentos por idosos. Desenvolveu-se um estudo epidemiológico transversal mediante entrevistas domiciliares, numa amostra aleatória de 294 idosos, residentes em Santa Rosa, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. Os idosos representam 9% da população. Os resultados evidenciaram consumo médio de 2,79 medicamentos por idoso. O coeficiente de prevalência do uso de medicamentos na última semana foi de 82%, dos 827 medicamentos utilizados pelos idosos 794 (96%, foram prescritos. As classes farmacológicas mais utilizadas foram os anti-hipertensivos (21,3% e diuréticos (11,3%. A prevalência do uso de medicamentos foi comparável ao encontrado em outros estudos, confirmando a importância dos medicamentos na atenção à saúde do idoso. A porcentagem de medicamentos utilizados sem prescrição médica foi baixa. Os medicamentos e forma de apresentação mais freqüentemente relatados foram os usualmente prescritos e dispensados gratuitamente na rede básica de saúde do município que está estruturada há mais de 10 anos com quase 100% de cobertura.Medicines are one of the most important health care items for the elderly, who are particularly prone to use multiple drugs with a higher number of adverse reactions. The current study aimed to assess the profile of pharmaceutical consumption by the elderly. A cross-sectional epidemiological study used household interviews in a random sample of 294 elderly living in Santa Rosa, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil. The elderly represent 9% of the local population. The results showed a mean consumption of 2.79 medicines per individual. The prevalence rate for use of medicines in the previous week was 82%, and of the 827 medicines used by the elderly, 794 (96% had been prescribed. The

  6. [Chronology of tropical dry forest regeneration in Santa Rosa, Guanacaste, Costa Rica. II. Vegetation in relation to the soil].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leiva, Jorge A; Rocha, Oscar J; Mata, Rafael; Gutiérrez-Soto, Marco V

    2009-09-01

    Tropical dry forest (TDF) succession was monitored in Santa Rosa, Costa Rica. We analyzed the effect of soil type on forest structure and diversity. Eight seasonally-dry TDF sites located along a successional chrono-sequence (10, 15, 20, 40, 60 and >100 years) were examined in relation to 17 soil pedons and six soil orders. Soils had moderate to high fertility and were classified as Entisols and Vertisols, although Mollisols, Alfisols, Inceptisols and Ultisols were also present. One-hundred and thirty 500 m2 plots were established, 20 plots in secondary and 10 plots in mature TDF sites. Diameter at breast height (dbh) and total tree height were measured for saplings (dbh > or = 1 and trees (dbh > or = 5 cm). With the exception of two sites (40 and 60 years), soil type did not have significant effects on forest structure. However, tree diversity measured with Shannon-Wiener's H' and Fisher's alpha rarefaction curves, showed substantial differences among soil types, which became accentuated in mature forests. This pattern might be explained by non-random distributions of TDF trees, the scale of the study, the plot shape, and the use of systematic sampling designs. Low-fertility sites in general had higher species richness, consistent with idea that more restrictive soils reduce competition among trees and allow co-existence of species with contrasting growth rates. Changes in soil properties along a chrono-sequence of Entisols indicated that trees may experience more severe water stress as succession progresses, which may require adjustments in biomass allocation and phenological behavior of the dominant species. Our results suggest that edaphic specialization is more pronounced in mature TDF forests, and that most TDF trees are generalists in relation to soil type, highly tolerant to site heterogeneity, and show little physiological specializations in response to edaphic heterogeneity.

  7. Effects of salicylic acid and putrescine on storability, quality attributes and antioxidant activity of plum cv. 'Santa Rosa'.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davarynejad, Gholam Hossein; Zarei, Mehdi; Nasrabadi, Mohamad Ebrahim; Ardakani, Elham

    2015-04-01

    Plum fruit has a short shelf life with a rapid deterioration in quality after harvest. The primary goal of this study is to investigate and compare the effect of putrescine and salicylic acid on quality properties and antioxidant activity of plum during storage. The plum fruits (cv. 'Santa Rosa') were harvested at the mature ripe stage, and dipped in different concentrations of putrescine (1, 2, 3 and 4 mmol/L) and salicylic acid (1, 2, 3 and 4 mmol/L), as well as distilled water (control) for 5 min. The fruits were then packed in boxes with polyethylene covers and stored at 4 °C with 95 % relative humidity for 25 days. A factorial trial based on completely randomized block design with 4 replications was carried out. The weight loss, fruit firmness, total soluble solids, titratable acidity, pH, maturity index, ascorbic acid, total phenolics and antioxidant activity at 0, 5, 10, 15, 20 and 25 days after harvest were recorded. During the storage period, the weight loss, total soluble solids, pH and maturity index increased significantly while the fruit firmness, titratable acidity, ascorbic acid, total phenolics and antioxidant activity decreased significantly (P plum fruits were decreased significantly by the use of putrescine and salicylic acid. Also, exogenous treatments of putrescine and salicylic acid are found to be effective in maintaining titratable acidity, ascorbic acid, total phenolics and antioxidant activity in plum fruits during storage at 4 °C. It was concluded that postharvest treatment of plum fruit with putrescine and salicylic acid were effective on delaying the ripening processes and can be used commercially to extend the shelf life of plum fruit with acceptable fruit quality.

  8. [Comparative analysis of growth and sexual maturation in girls of Santa Rosa (La Pampa) and La Plata (Buenos Aires), Argentina].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torres, M F; Luis, M A; Cesani, M F; Luna, M E; Castro, L E; Quintero, F; Oyhenart, E E

    2011-03-01

    The aim of this study was to analyze growth in relation to menarche in girls from two Argentinean urban populations. We performed a comparative-descriptive cross sectional study in 2474 schoolchildren between 8.0 and 16.9 years old from Santa Rosa (SR) and La Plata (LP) cities. We registered the presence of menarche and anthropometrics variables of body weight, total and sitting heights, arm circumference, triceps and subscapular skinfolds. Body mass index, subscapular/triceps index and muscle and fat arm areas were calculated. The study group was divided into 4 groups according to the city and menarche. The socio-environmental structured survey indicated significant differences between cities with these variables: tenure status, building materials and services, health care coverage, cash assistance, educational level and parents' occupation, therefore establishing a higher welfare in youngsters of SR. Menarche at a mean age of 12.7 years old was more prevalent in SR (40.6%) than in LP (33.7%) (c2 = 12.9; p < 0.01). The ANOVA indicated significant differences between cities in total and sitting heights and muscle area (p < 0.01), body weight and arm circumference (p < 0.05) which were generally held in the post hoc comparison by age in pre-menarche and post-menarche groups. The presence of a small body size at the expense of lowering in: total height, muscle area and leg length in LP youngsters, associated with a lower prevalence of menarche in this city, it would represents the adaptive cost of a lower welfare environment.

  9. Caracterización petrográfica y clasificación textural del meteorito de santa rosa de viterbo (boyacá), colombia

    OpenAIRE

    Gil Rodriguez, Javier; Concha Perdomo, Ana Helena

    2012-01-01

    Se realizó la caracterización petrográfica del fragmento del Meteorito de Santa Rosa de Viterbo(Boyacá) que pertenece al Departamento de Geociencias de la Universidad Nacional de Colombia(Sede Bogotá).Esta pieza meteorítica se clasificó como un Meteorito Metálico Anómalo debido a la presencia delíneas de Neumann en todas las superficies de las secciones estudiadas y a la textura Widmanstättenobservada tan sólo en algunas zonas de su superficie pulida. Se encontraron inclusiones elipsoidalesde...

  10. Prevalence of metabolic syndrome in a rural area of Santa Rosa Prevalencia del síndrome metabólico en una zona rural de Santa Rosa Prevalência de Síndrome Metabólica em uma área rural de Santa Rosa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roger Silveira Haab

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available

    Metabolic Syndrome (MS is a condition of high prevalence and growing. This article aims to describe the determinants and also the prevalence of this important risk factor for cardiovascular disease in a rural area of the Santa Rosa city. We conducted a cross-sectional study in a population covered by the Family Health Strategy, consisting of young adults aged 20-49 years. We applied a pre-coded questionnaire with socio-demographic, behavioral, personal and family history of chronic diseases, and obtained anthropometric measurements and laboratory tests. For the classification of the metabolic syndrome, this study followed the criteria of the National Cholesterol Education Program’s Adult Treatment Panel (NCEP / ATP III and the International Diabetes Federation. We described a single component of MS and found a high prevalence of abdominal obesity and low HDL - cholesterol in women and high prevalence of increased blood pressure in men. The overall prevalence of MS was found to be 8.5% in men and 22% in women by the criteria of the NCEP / ATP III, and 15.9% in men and 25.3% in women by IDF criteria.

    El síndrome metabólico (SM es una condición de alta y creciente prevalencia. Este artículo pretende describir los factores determinantes y también laprevalencia de este importante factor de riesgopara enfermedad cardiovascular en una zona rural del municipio de Santa Rosa. Se realizó unestudio transversal en una población que abarca la Estrategia de Salud Familiar, que consiste enlos adultos jóvenes de 20-49 años. Se aplicó un cuestionario pre-codificado con la historiasocio-demográficos, de comportamiento,personal y familiar de las enfermedades crónicas,y obtuvieron medidas antropométricas y de laboratorio pertinentes. Para la clasificación del síndrome metabólico, este estudio dio seguimiento a los criterios del Panel del National Cholesterol Education

  11. Evaporation and transpiration differences among successional stages of Tropical Dry Forest, Santa Rosa National Park, Costa Rica

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiménez-Rodríguez, César D.; Calvo-Alvarado, Julio

    2016-04-01

    Seasonal environments in the tropics show strong responses to changes in precipitation regimes. The monthly water availability is the main trigger for ecological responses as flowering, fructification, leaf sprouting and senescence. Among these environments, the tropical dry forests (TDF) depends directly on the soil water availability, defining the forest growing season despite the forest characteristics. However, within the same ecosystem is possible to find differences in the water fluxes due to forest age. The TDF located in Santa Rosa National Park (SRNP) in Costa Rica; shows a particular matrix of secondary forest patches varying in age, structure, and species composition allowing us to evaluate the water fluxes differences among successional stages of TDF. Three permanent plots of 1000.0 m2 were selected from the Tropi-Dry project. Each plot characterized a specific successional stage of this ecosystem varying in forest structure and age. Every location was equipped to measure the hourly soil water content and forest growth, while the meteorological conditions were collected by the meteorological station of the national park. The data was collected from December 2005 to June 2009 however, due to data gaps and quality control the data analysis includes only the hydrological years between 2006 and 2009. The soil water content was measured at three depths in each plot (10, 30 and 40 cm) to determine the real evapotranspiration from the forest. The precipitation along these three years shows strong variations registering 326.5 mm-1yr-1 in the first year up to 3004.0 mm-1yr-1 during the last year, these strong changes are influenced by the ENOS phenomena in the region. Regardless the precipitation amounts the evapotranspiration do not differ strongly on a yearly basis, were 726.7 mm-1yr-1, 675.1 mm-1yr-1 and 751.6 mm-1yr-1 were exported to the atmosphere by the early, intermediate and late stages of TDF secondary forest. The yearly strong differences in

  12. Constituição e funcionamento do Conselho Municipal de Educação frente ao processo de democratização da gestão: um estudo dos municípios de Santa Maria e Santa Rosa/RS Constituición y funcionamiento del Consejo Municipal de Educación frente al proceso de democratización de la gestión: un estudio de los municipios de Santa Maria y Santa Rosa/RS Constitution and operation of the Municipal Council of Education before regarding the process of democratizing management: a study about the municipalities of Santa Maria and Santa Rosa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sueli Menezes Pereira

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available O artigo parte de um estudo qualitativo, calcado em uma pesquisa bibliográfica e documental com objetivo de discutir aspectos referentes à constituição e funcionamento do Conselho Municipal de Educação (CME, como órgão colegiado que se reveste de importante significado para a democratização da gestão educacional. A ênfase da análise recai sobre os CMEs dos municípios gaúchos de Santa Maria e Santa Rosa que, dadas as suas diferenças e peculiaridades, projetam tais órgãos ainda atrelados a uma estrutura formal intermediária. O desafio dos CMEs é funcionar de forma autônoma frente as suas inúmeras atribuições de modo a dar respostas que sinalizem à criação de novos caminhos à educação pública municipal. Atuar de forma diferenciada em um cenário onde a maioria dos conselhos se alinham a uma lógica formal e burocratizada e onde ainda são vistos como órgão de assessoramento do poder governamental é, sem dúvida, uma meta a ser perseguida na busca da democratização deste espaço público.El artículo parte de un estudio cualitativo, basado en una investigación bibliográfica y documental con el objeto de discutir aspectos referentes a la constitución y al funcionamiento del Consejo Municipal de Educación (CME, como órgano colegiado que tiene importante significado para la democratización de la gestión educacional. El énfasis del análisis se concentra en los CMEs (Consejos Municipales de Educación de los municipios de Santa María y Santa Rosa del Estado de Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil, que, en razón de sus diferencias y peculiaridades proyectan los referidos órganos todavía arraigados a una estructura formal intermediaria. El desafio de los CMEs es poder funcionar de forma autónoma frente a sus innumerables atribuciones para dar respuestas que orienten la creación de nuevos caminos hacia la educación pública municipal. Actuar de manera distinta en un escenario en que la mayoría de los consejos se

  13. Coastal rocky reef fishes of Santa Catarina's northern islands, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johnatas Adelir Alves

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The coast of the state of Santa Catarina only has non-biogenic reefs, i.e. rocky and artificial reefs, and is considered the geographic south limit for many reef fish species. At present the diversity of organisms associated with reef environments is threatened. This study aimed to record the number of families and species of reef fish fauna of the north coast of the state of Santa Catarina. The data were collected through underwater visual census performed on Graças archipelago (26°12'S /48º29'W, Tamboretes archipelago (26°22'S/48°31'W and Barra do Sul islands (26°27'S/48º35'W. A total of 166 species was observed (6 elasmobranchii and 160 actinopterygii belonging to 66 families. The families with more species richness were Carangidae (16, Epinephelidae (9, Blenidae (8, Serranidae (7, Haemulidae (6, Sparidae (6 Tetraodontidae (6, Labridae-Scarini (5, Labrisomidae (5 Pomacentridae (5, Lutjanidae (5 and Muraenidae (5. This study add to the current published list, new 115 species, including new occurrences (e.g. Chromis limbata, and some endemic (e.g. Sparisoma amplum, exotic (e.g. Omobranchus punctatus, endangered (e.g. Hippocampus erectus and overexploited (e.g. Lutjanus analis species. Twenty one species are present in the IUCN’s list, twelve in the IBAMA’s list and four in the local list. All elasmobranchii recorded here are considered threatened species, like the brazilian guitarfish (Rhinobatos horkelii, which appears in three red lists, and it is considered critically endangered. All species of Epinephelidae are mentioned in the list of risk categories of the IUCN and five are cited as overexploited or threatened with overexploitation by IBAMA. Among Epinephelidae, the goliath grouper (Epinephelus itajara, is present in all red lists and has specific protection rules in Brazil. The gathered information will allow to take appropriate conservation measures, such as the establishment of marine protected areas, monitoring of fishing

  14. Una santa, dos maestros y una estafa. Sombras en torno a la canonización de Rosa de Lima en 1671

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Callado Estela, Emilio

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyzes the dispute which arose within the Predicants order as a consequence of the great wastes which were caused by St. Rose of Lima’s canonization in 1671. They included a fraud. In this lawsuit were involved not only the main Dominican authorities and other distinguished sons of St. Dominic, but also the Monarchy and the Holy See.Análisis del pleito en la orden de Predicadores por los grandes dispendios ocasionados, con estafa incluida, por la canonización de Rosa de Lima, en 1671. En este litigio participaron las principales autoridades dominicanas y otros ilustres dominicos, hijos de Santo Domingo y también la Monarquía y la Santa Sede.

  15. Hydrogeology, water quality, water budgets, and simulated responses to hydrologic changes in Santa Rosa and San Simeon Creek ground-water basins, San Luis Obispo County, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yates, Eugene B.; Van Konyenburg, Kathryn M.

    1998-01-01

    Santa Rosa and San Simeon Creeks are underlain by thin, narrow ground-water basins that supply nearly all water used for local agricultural and municipal purposes. The creeks discharge to the Pacific Ocean near the northwestern corner of San Luis Obispo County, California. The basins contain heterogeneous, unconsolidated alluvial deposits and are underlain by relatively impermeable bedrock. Both creeks usually stop flowing during the summer dry season, and most of the pumpage during that time is derived from ground-water storage. Annual pumpage increased substantially during 1956?88 and is now a large fraction of basin storage capacity. Consequently, dry-season water levels are lower and the water supply is more vulnerable to drought. The creeks are the largest source of ground-water recharge, and complete basin recharge can occur within the first few weeks of winter streamflow. Agricultural and municipal pumpages are the largest outflows and cause dry-season water-level declines throughout the San Simeon Basin. Pumping effects are more localized in the Santa Rosa Basin because of subsurface flow obstructions. Even without pumpage, a large quantity of water naturally drains out of storage at the upper ends of the basins during the dry season. Ground water is more saline in areas close to the coast than in inland areas. Although seawater intrusion has occurred in the past, it probably was not the cause of high salinity in 1988?89. Ground water is very hard, and concentrations of dissolved solids, chloride, iron, and manganese exceed drinking-water standards in some locations. Probability distributions of streamflow were estimated indirectly from a 120-year rainfall record because the periods of record for local stream-gaging stations were wetter than average. Dry-season durations with recurrence intervals between 5 and 43 years are likely to dry up some wells but not cause seawater intrusion. A winter with no streamflow is likely to occur about every 32 years and to

  16. Holocene variations in in the Santa Catarina Island

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Monteiro, Fabiana; Macario, Kita; Queiroz, Eduardo; Carvalho, Carla; Gomes, Paulo; Meigikos, Roberto; Linares, Roberto [Universidade Federal Fluminense (UFF), Niteroi, RJ (Brazil); Simonassi, A. [Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (UFSC), Florianopolis, SC (Brazil)

    2012-07-01

    Full text: In this work Radiocarbon Accelerator Mass Spectrometry (AMS) is used to study holocene changes of the Brazilian coastal environment. The region of study is the Pantano Sul Inlet (27 degrees 51.7 min S - 48 degrees 31.6 min W) at Santa Catarina Island, in the South of Brazil, where a sediment core was collected at 14 meters depth. Parameters such as total organic carbon (TOC), total nitrogen (TN), stable isotopes ({delta}{sup 13}C and {delta}{sup 15}N), metallic elements and granulometry were evaluated and related to the {sup 14}C chronology. These parameters were used as proxies to infer about temporal changes in this coastal environment so that processes related to marine productivity and continental erosion could be better understood. The vertical distribution of elements revealed significant changes in the contribution of continental and marine sources along time. Al, Fe, Mn, Zn and Cu concentrations increase from the base to the surface of the core. Both Zn and Cu, and also TOC and TN present peaks at 20 and 35 cm depth. Organic matter in the profile ranged from 2.17 % to 6.02 % and carbonate fraction ranged from 15.54 % to 49.23 %. Both carbonate and soil organic matter fractions were analyzed by {sup 14}C AMS. Samples were prepared at the Radiocarbon Laboratory at the Fluminense Federal University (L4C-UFF) in Brazil to be dated by AMS. Measurements are under way in the new {sup 14}C AMS facility at UFF (a 250 kV single-stage AMS system) and will be the first radiocarbon AMS study to be performed entirely in Brazil. (author)

  17. Evaluation of the potential for erosion and its relationship with the rain energy in the river of Santa Rosa watershed, Costa Rica; Evaluacion del potential erosivo y su relacion con la energia de la lluvia en la microcuenca del rio Santa Rosa, Costa Rica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Acuna Chinchilla, Sisgo R.; Aguilar Pereira, Jose F. [Universidad de Costa Rica (Costa Rica). Escuela de Ingenieria Agricola], E-mail: rachith2001@yahoo.esa

    2010-07-01

    Costa Rica like rest of the world, erosion has negative effects on agricultural production systems and hydroelectric power. In a country where 95% of energy is produced by hydroelectric plants, the management of watersheds is essential where there are hydro projects. This study evaluates the potential erosion of the watershed of the Rio Santa Rosa, (10445 ha) in Guanacaste, Costa Rica, which supplies sediment to the Santa Rosa and Sandillal dams. The evaluation places were defined using aerial photography GIS and GPS tools. The sediment was measured through 19 experimental plots in two land uses (pasture and forest) and three slope ranges (0-15%, 15-30%, 30-45%). The energy was determined on erosive rains comparing the mass of sediment collected. The most vulnerable areas were identified, to define appropriate mitigation measures. It was found that the forest generates more erosion than grass. Furthermore, under similar conditions of coverage, an increase in the range of slopes, erosion increases between two and six times, a direct relationship exists between energy and erosion in the way that coverage is reduced. It was generated a vulnerability map for the watershed. (author)

  18. Greenhouse Gas Assessment and Compensation on Brazilian Low Volume Rural Roads Using CarbonROAD—The Santa Rosa de Lima Case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reus Salini

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The “Santa Catarina Rural” is a Program co-funded by The World Bank for improvements on 1300 km of low volume rural roads on Southern Brazil. The pioneer project under the program was on the municipality of Santa Rosa de Lima, where the greenhouse gas (GHG emissions resulting from the road improvement activities as well as the regular traffic were assessed on an experimental basis using the CarbonROAD software application. Here, we show details of the CarbonROAD software application and the construction emissions assessment procedure as well as the mitigating effect of the plants used for compensation. It was found that most of the emissions come from the road improvement work. This includes earthworks, fuel for motor graders, bulldozers and other machines, and materials and gravel extraction, industrialization and transportation, etc. Only a smaller portion comprises regular road traffic. The accumulated emission balance shows that the carbon absorption is larger than construction emissions after just 15 months. The potential for price appraisal of the generated carbon credits is explored.

  19. Santa Rosa at the Gates!3款迅驰4代新机测试报告

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    sharkbait

    2007-01-01

    相信通过本刊前面两期杂志的连续报道,大家已经对Santa Rosa平台的规格和性能有了比较清楚的认识。现在,我们从理论回到实际,对具体的Santa Rosa机型进行详细介绍,以帮助大家对Santa Rosa机型有更直观的了解。实际上,就在英特尔发布新迅驰平台Santa Rose的同时,各笔记本电脑厂商便纷纷推出了基于新平台的笔记本电脑产品。

  20. Assessing marine microbial induced corrosion at Santa Catalina Island, California

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo Antonio Ramírez

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available High iron and eutrophic conditions are reported as environmental factors leading to accelerated low-water corrosion, an enhanced form of near-shore microbial-induced corrosion. To explore this hypothesis, we deployed flow-through colonization systems in laboratory-based aquarium tanks under a continuous flow of surface seawater from Santa Catalina Island, California, USA, for periods of two and six months. Substrates consisted of mild steel – a major constituent of maritime infrastructure – and the naturally occurring iron sulfide mineral pyrite. Four conditions were tested: free-venting high-flux conditions; a stagnant condition; an active flow-through condition with seawater slowly pumped over the substrates; and an enrichment condition where the slow pumping of seawater was supplemented with nutrient rich medium. Electron microscopy analyses of the two-month high flux incubations document coating of substrates with twisted stalks, resembling iron oxyhydroxide bioprecipitates made by marine neutrophilic Fe-oxidizing bacteria. Six-month incubations exhibit increased biofilm and substrate corrosion in the active flow and nutrient enriched conditions relative to the stagnant condition. A scarcity of twisted stalks was observed for all six month slow-flow conditions compared to the high-flux condition, which may be attributable to oxygen concentrations in the slow-flux conditions being prohibitively low for sustained growth of stalk-producing bacteria. All substrates developed microbial communities reflective of the original seawater input, as based on 16S rRNA gene sequencing. Deltaproteobacteria sequences increased in relative abundance in the active flow and nutrient enrichment conditions, whereas Gammaproteobacteria sequences were relatively more abundant in the stagnant condition. These results indicate that i high-flux incubations with higher oxygen availability favor the development of biofilms with twisted stalks resembling those of

  1. Assessing Marine Microbial Induced Corrosion at Santa Catalina Island, California.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramírez, Gustavo A; Hoffman, Colleen L; Lee, Michael D; Lesniewski, Ryan A; Barco, Roman A; Garber, Arkadiy; Toner, Brandy M; Wheat, Charles G; Edwards, Katrina J; Orcutt, Beth N

    2016-01-01

    High iron and eutrophic conditions are reported as environmental factors leading to accelerated low-water corrosion, an enhanced form of near-shore microbial induced corrosion. To explore this hypothesis, we deployed flow-through colonization systems in laboratory-based aquarium tanks under a continuous flow of surface seawater from Santa Catalina Island, CA, USA, for periods of 2 and 6 months. Substrates consisted of mild steel - a major constituent of maritime infrastructure - and the naturally occurring iron sulfide mineral pyrite. Four conditions were tested: free-venting "high-flux" conditions; a "stagnant" condition; an "active" flow-through condition with seawater slowly pumped over the substrates; and an "enrichment" condition where the slow pumping of seawater was supplemented with nutrient rich medium. Electron microscopy analyses of the 2-month high flux incubations document coating of substrates with "twisted stalks," resembling iron oxyhydroxide bioprecipitates made by marine neutrophilic Fe-oxidizing bacteria (FeOB). Six-month incubations exhibit increased biofilm and substrate corrosion in the active flow and nutrient enriched conditions relative to the stagnant condition. A scarcity of twisted stalks was observed for all 6 month slow-flow conditions compared to the high-flux condition, which may be attributable to oxygen concentrations in the slow-flux conditions being prohibitively low for sustained growth of stalk-producing bacteria. All substrates developed microbial communities reflective of the original seawater input, as based on 16S rRNA gene sequencing. Deltaproteobacteria sequences increased in relative abundance in the active flow and nutrient enrichment conditions, whereas Gammaproteobacteria sequences were relatively more abundant in the stagnant condition. These results indicate that (i) high-flux incubations with higher oxygen availability favor the development of biofilms with twisted stalks resembling those of marine neutrophilic Fe

  2. Santa Rosa Island Final Range Environmental Assessment, Revision 1. Eglin Air Force Base, Florida

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-01

    because of their current abundance, dispersal mechanisms, and documented historical presence. Coyotes, red fox, feral cats , fire ants, and cactus...predators (e.g., feral cats , coyotes) from the area, thus reducing the chances of nest predation should nesting birds be flushed. Activities...include feral cat predation and loss of dune habitat from recreational foot traffic and storms. Beginning in 2004, Eglin’s Natural Resources

  3. Hydrodynamics and Marine Optics during Cold Fronts at Santa Rosa Island, Florida

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-01

    W). Moorings A (30.385° N) and B (30.384° N) are discussed in the text. The inset map shows the location of the study area ( circle ) and buoy 42003... circles are the sum of the average organic scattering and the predictions from LSOM (few) using the hydrodynamic forcing discussed in the text. The...Wollast, R., 2003. The Portugal coastal counter current off NW Spain: new insights on its biogeochemical variability. Progress in Oceanography, 56, 281

  4. Land product validation of MODIS derived FPAR product over the tropical dry-forest of Santa Rosa National Park, Guanacaste, Costa Rica.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharp, Iain; Sanchez, Arturo

    2017-04-01

    Land-product validation of the MODIS derived FPAR product over the tropical dry-forest of Santa Rosa National Park, Guanacaste, Costa Rica. By Iain Sharp & Dr. Arturo Sanchez-Azofeifa In remote sensing, being able to ensure the accuracy of the satellite data being produced remains an issue; this is especially true for phenological variables such as the Fraction of Photosynthetically Active Radiation (FPAR). FPAR, which is considered an essential climate variable by the Global Terrestrial Observation System (GTOS), utilizes the 400-700 nm wavelength range to quantify the total amount of solar radiation available for photosynthetic use. It is a variable that is strongly influenced by the seasonal, diurnal, and optic properties of vegetation making it an accurate representation of vegetation health. Measurements of ground level FPAR can be completed using flux towers along with a limited number of wireless ground sensors, but due to the finite number and location of these towers, many research initiatives instead use the Moderate resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) FPAR product, which converts Leaf Area Index (LAI) to a FPAR value using Beer's Law. This is done despite there being little consensus on whether this is the best method to use for all ecosystems and vegetation types. One particular ecosystem that has had limited study to determine the accuracy of the MODIS derived FPAR products are the Tropical Dry Forests (TDFs) of Latin America. This ecosystem undergoes drastic seasonal changes from leaf off during the dry season to green-up during the wet seasons. This study aims to test the congruency between the MODIS derived FPAR values and ground-based FPAR values in relation to growing season length, growing season start and end dates, the peak and mean of FPAR values, and overall growth/phenological trends at the Santa Rosa National Park Environmental Monitoring Super Site (SR-EMSS) in Costa Rica and FPAR MODIS products. We derive our FPAR from a Wireless

  5. 78 FR 32274 - Scorpion Pier Replacement Project, Channel Islands National Park, Santa Barbara County, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-29

    ... National Park Service Scorpion Pier Replacement Project, Channel Islands National Park, Santa Barbara... analysis process for the proposed replacement and potential relocation of the existing Scorpion Pier at..., Attn: Scorpion Pier Project, 1901 Spinnaker Drive, Ventura, CA 93001 or electronically to...

  6. ROSA DE SANTA MARÍA(1586-1617: GÉNESIS DE SU SANTIDAD Y PRIMERA HAGIOGRAFÍA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    RENÉ MILLAR CARVACHO

    2003-08-01

    Full Text Available How did a young girl, almost unknows to the great majority of the inhabitants of Lima, who lived as a semi recluse, become a saint just after her death, venerated by hundreds who came to play homage and approach her body to obtain relics and the cure of disease? To answer these questions, this paper analyzes the role played by Luisa de Melgarejo, the circumstances surrounding the death of the girl, and the infleunce of the Dominican Order in generating a climate of opinion which made possible the start of the beatification process. An important element in this last, is the life of Rosa written by a member of that order a few days after her death, and which can which can be considered her first hagiography.

  7. Behavioral adaptations to heat stress and water scarcity in white-faced capuchins (Cebus capucinus) in Santa Rosa National Park, Costa Rica.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campos, Fernando A; Fedigan, Linda M

    2009-01-01

    We examined thermoregulatory behaviors in a wild population of white-faced capuchins (Cebus capucinus) inhabiting a highly seasonal dry forest in Santa Rosa National Park (SRNP), Costa Rica. The dry season in SRNP lasts approximately 5 months and is characterized by high ambient temperatures regularly exceeding 37 degrees C, low relative humidity, and the near absence of precipitation. This study demonstrates that capuchins rest more and travel shorter distances during the hottest and driest hours of the day, and suggests that they extend their tongues to lower body temperature via evaporative cooling. Seasonal weather patterns and group movement data reported here are based on 940 h of observations on three social groups of capuchins (wet season: 370 h, dry season: 570 h). In the dry season, the proportion of time spent resting increased at higher temperatures whereas the proportion of time spent traveling decreased. Distance traveled between location points taken at half-hour intervals decreased significantly as temperature increased, although the correlation was not strong. Capuchins exposed their tongues during hot, dry, windy conditions, and this behavior was much more frequent in the dry season. Temperature was significantly higher and humidity significantly lower for "tongue-out" events than expected for a random event in the dry season. Finally, as surface water became scarce, home-range areas of heavy use became increasingly centered on the remaining permanent water sources. These results suggest that heat stress and water scarcity are significant influences on the behavior of capuchins in hot, dry conditions.

  8. CHANGES IN MICROBIAL AND PHYSICOCHEMICAL SOIL PROPERTIES ASSOCIATE WITH CHARCOAL PRODUCTION IN TEMPERATE FOREST (QUERCUS SPP IN SANTA ROSA, GTO. MEXICO.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Blanca Estela Gómez Luna

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available The temperate forest of Quercus spp. Santa Rosa is one ofthe most extensive forests in central Mexico. In this forest,charcoal is produced traditionally by rural communities.This study evaluated the impact of the activity of charcoalproduction in three sampling sites of the forest, soil fromthe impact site, land adjacent to the site of charcoalproduction and control soil without charcoal productionactivity on physicochemical and microbiological properties.We determined pH, concentration of macro-and microelementswas performed by calculating microbial colonyforming units (CFU of bacteria, fungi, actinomycetes andpromoting growth of plants rhizobacteria (PGPR. Finally,we determined microbial biomass by fumigation-incubationmethod. On the floor of coal production, an increase in pH,the concentration of cations forming bases (Ca2 + and K+and a high regard microbial fungi, bacteria andactinomycetes, but the microbial biomass and organicmatter content was higher in the control soil, in terms ofRPCP only isolated in the soil adjacent to coal productionsite and the control soil. The physicochemical changesproduced by the warming effect of soil significantlyaffected the microbial community favoring the reduction orelimination of dominant groups sensitive to hightemperatures that are actively involved in the dynamics ofsoil processes

  9. Species diversity and morphometrics of tardigrades from a medium-size city in the Neotropical Region: Santa Rosa (La Pampa, Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peluffo, J. R.

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Tardigrade diversity was studied in a medium-sized city in the Neotropical Region: Santa Rosa (La Pampa, Argentina. Samples were collected between February 1999 and January 2000 from lichens and mosses growing on sidewalk trees of the urban and periurban area. Five species of tardigrades were found, i.e., Echiniscus rufoviridis du Bois-Reymond Marcus, 1944, Macrobiotus areolatus Murray, 1907, Ramazzottius oberhaeuseri (Doyère, 1840, Milnesium cf. tardigradum and a non-described species of Macrobiotus. Only one species, M. cf. tardigradum, was found in areas with high levels of vehicle traffic. Results are compared with those from cities in the Nearctic and Palearctic regions. Measurements and pt index values (percentage ratios between the length of the structure considered and the buccal tube length are provided for M. areolatus, R. oberhaeuseri and M. cf. tardigradum. Amongst the characters considered, the pt index for the stylet support insertion shows the least intraspecific variation. This character is also independent from body length and buccal-tube length.

  10. The cost of quinine Cinchona pubescens control on Santa Cruz Island, Galapagos

    OpenAIRE

    Buddenhagen, Chris; Yanez, Patricio

    2005-01-01

    We analyse the cost of controlling the invasive quinine tree Cinchona pubescens Vahl in the highlands of Santa Cruz Island, Galapagos. Control costs in ten 400 m2 plots formed the basis for estimating the cost of control over the whole island. In the plots, densities were 2100–24,000 stems/ha (stems >150 cm tall) and 55,000–138,000 stems/ha (all size classes combined). Control involved uprooting small plants, and applying of a mix of metsulfuron methyl and picloram to cut stumps or to mach...

  11. Cronología de la regeneración del bosque tropical seco en Santa Rosa, Guanacaste, Costa Rica. I. Características edáficas

    OpenAIRE

    A. Leiva, Jorge; Mata, Rafael; J. Rocha, Oscar; V. Gutiérrez Soto, Marco

    2008-01-01

    Se caracterizaron las propiedades químicas y físicas de los suelos a lo largo de una cronosecuencia de ocho fragmentos de bosque tropical estacionalmente seco (BTS) en Santa Rosa, Costa Rica, y se relacionaron con el estado sucesional de los sitios (10, 15, 20, 40, 60 y > 100 años de regeneración). Se encontró una alta diversidad edáfica a escalas pequeñas (0.5-1 ha) y se describieron 17 clases dominantes de suelos, clasificados en seis órdenes. La mayoría de los suelos fueron clasificados c...

  12. Análisis mesoclimático de las cartas topográficas Santa Rosa y Villa María (1:250.000) de la provincia de Córdoba (Argentina)

    OpenAIRE

    Scarpati, Olga E.; Spescha, Liliana Beatriz

    1995-01-01

    p.73-76 Los principales elementos climáticos se determinaron en las cartas topográficas Santa Rosa y Villa María (1:250.000) en lo que hace al territorio de la provincia de Córdoba y se calcularon los balances hidrológicos climáticos correspondientes. Se obtuvo la cartografía respectiva a los parámetros elegidos mediante un software específico, con la que se puede inferir el uso racional de los recursos naturales en el área de estudio. Los resultados obtenidos permitieron caracterizar clim...

  13. Cronología de la regeneración del bosque tropical seco en Santa Rosa, Guanacaste, Costa Rica: I. Características edáficas

    OpenAIRE

    Jorge A Leiva; Rafael Mata; Oscar J Rocha; Marco V. Gutiérrez Soto

    2009-01-01

    Se caracterizaron las propiedades químicas y físicas de los suelos a lo largo de una cronosecuencia de ocho fragmentos de bosque tropical estacionalmente seco (BTS) en Santa Rosa, Costa Rica, y se relacionaron con el estado sucesional de los sitios (10, 15, 20, 40, 60 y >100 años de regeneración). Se encontró una alta diversidad edáfica a escalas pequeñas (0.5-1 ha) y se describieron 17 clases dominantes de suelos, clasificados en seis órdenes. La mayoría de los suelos fueron clasificados com...

  14. Intermediate composition magma production in an intracontinental setting: Unusual andesites and dacites of the mid-Miocene Santa Rosa-Calico volcanic field, Northern Nevada

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brueseke, Matthew E.; Hart, William K.

    2009-11-01

    The mid-Miocene Santa Rosa-Calico volcanic field (SC) of northern Nevada provides an outstanding example of the role open-system magmatic processes play in producing calc-alkaline and tholeiitic andesite-dacite magmas in an intracontinental setting. SC volcanism commenced at ˜ 16.7 Ma and is associated with the initial manifestations of the Yellowstone hotspot, the Columbia River-Steens flood basalt event(s), and the formation of the Northern Nevada rift. Locally a diverse package of magmatic products ranging from tholeiitic basalt to high-Si rhyolite was produced during an ˜ 2 myr duration. Within this package are the products of at least four distinct intermediate composition magmatic systems that may represent as much as 40% of the SC volcanic pile. These help differentiate the SC from contemporaneous Oregon Plateau volcanic fields (e.g. McDermitt, Lake Owyhee, Northwest Nevada) that are dominated by bimodal basalt-rhyolite assemblages. All SC intermediate units are characterized by textural and mineralogic complexities including xenoliths and xenocrysts of local crust and crystal clots of plagioclase ± clinopyroxene ± orthopyroxene ± oxide. SC intermediate units are dominantly tholeiitic, but include lava flows with transitional to calc-alkaline affinities. Relative to locally erupted Steens Basalt, SC intermediate lava flows have similar elemental enrichments and depletions, but dissimilar Sr and Nd isotopic compositions. These isotopic differences, coupled with the abundant disequilibrium features and variable incompatible element ratios, indicate that open system magmatic processes played a major role in the genesis of the intermediate units. SC silicic magmas were produced primarily via upper crustal melting of chemically and isotopically heterogeneous Cretaceous granitoid. Interaction between fractionating mafic Steens flood basalt magmas and the more evolved crustal melts ± assimilation of local upper crust provides a general template for the

  15. Cronología de la regeneración del bosque tropical seco en Santa Rosa, Guanacaste, Costa Rica: I. Características edáficas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge A Leiva

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Se caracterizaron las propiedades químicas y físicas de los suelos a lo largo de una cronosecuencia de ocho fragmentos de bosque tropical estacionalmente seco (BTS en Santa Rosa, Costa Rica, y se relacionaron con el estado sucesional de los sitios (10, 15, 20, 40, 60 y >100 años de regeneración. Se encontró una alta diversidad edáfica a escalas pequeñas (0.5-1 ha y se describieron 17 clases dominantes de suelos, clasificados en seis órdenes. La mayoría de los suelos fueron clasificados como Entisoles y Vertisoles, pero los Mollisoles, Alfisoles, Inceptisoles y Ultisoles estuvieron representados también. Todos los suelos presentaron buenos índices de fertilidad que no restringieron la riqueza de las especies. La alta heterogeneidad edáfica pareció ser el resultado de la interacción entre el origen piroclástico de la meseta ignimbrítica de Santa Rosa, la composición litológica y la acidez de las rocas del material parental, la marcada estacionalidad de la lluvia, intensos procesos de erosión hídrica y eólica, variaciones topográficas locales, y la historia de intervención humana. Correlaciones efectuadas en los Entisoles (Chronology of tropical dry forest regeneration in Santa Rosa, Guanacaste, Costa Rica. I. Edaphic characteristics. We characterized soil chemical and physical properties in eight tropical dry forest (TDF successional sites along a time sequence (10, 15, 20, 40, 60 and >100 years in Santa Rosa, Costa Rica. Seventeen soils were identified, described, and classified in six orders. Most soils were classified as Entisols and Vertisols, but Mollisols, Alfisols, Inceptisols and Ultisols were also present. All soils showed good fertility that did not constrain species richness. High edaphic variation seemed the result of complex interactions among the pyroclastic origin of Santa Rosa ignimbritic plateau (SRIP, the lithological composition and acidity of ignimbritic rocks, the strong seasonality in rainfall, intense

  16. Large-scale Sector Collapses in the Evolution of Santa Maria Island, Azores

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marques, F. O.; Sibrant, A.; Hildenbrand, A.; Costa, A. C.

    2013-12-01

    Oceanic volcanic islands typically evolve through large-scale short-term events, either constructing or destructing the volcanic edifice. This tug of war between construction and catastrophic destruction should be recorded within a volcanic island, but old collapse events are sometimes hard to recognize because a number of processes modify the associated structures; therefore, recognition of the testimony of such events onshore, without recourse to offshore high-resolution bathymetry, is challenging and comprises our main objective. Additionally, no large-scale catastrophic sector collapses have ever been reported in the Azores, which makes Santa Maria Island a particularly interesting target. In Santa Maria, lava flows of the two main sub-aerial volcanic complexes dip gently to the west, they are separated by a volcano-sedimentary complex lying on an unconformity dipping gently to the east, and the ages decrease to the east. From this geometry and geochronology, we infer that: (1) more than half of the early shield volcano is missing (absence of all eastern flank, summit and part of the western flank), which we interpret as a large-scale sector collapse whose scar is in part the east-dipping unconformity covered with sediments ca. 4.2 Ma old; (2) the scar was filled by a younger shield volcano that grew very rapidly (ca. 4.0-3.6 Ma); (3) a second large-scale sector collapse followed, which again spared only part of the western flank of the younger shield volcano; (4) new volcanism made of dykes and volcanic cones aligned with the arcuate collapse scar indicate that the slide may have occurred ca. 3.6 Ma ago. We conclude that Santa Maria records onshore evidence of two large-scale sector collapses.

  17. Spatial and temporal fish diversity patterns from Santa Catarina Island, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André Cattani

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The Santa Catarina Island has a mosaic of ecosystems, with great importance for the fishes. There is the presence of estuaries, lagoons, mangroves and sandy beaches in the same island. Thus, the objectives of this study were to evaluate the spatio and temporal fish diversity patterns in estuaries, lagoons and beach systems of Santa Catarina Island, Santa Catarina, Brazil. Fish data collected between 1983 to 2011 in the baía Norte, saco dos Limões, Itacorubi and Ratones mangroves, Conceição lagoon and Índio beach was analyzed. Fish were sampled with different gear techniques. In the North Bay and saco dos Limões individuals were caught by trawl, but in the mangroves and lagoon were used gillnets, cast nets and dip nets. In the Índio beach the fishes were collected using fyke nets. For each local, species accumulation curves were plotted to compare the observed pattern with modelled data, using first order Jackknife estimator. Species richness differences among locals and seasons were tested using PERMANOVA, followed by a canonical analysis of principal coordinates (CAP. To assess the taxonomic structures at each location, the average taxonomic distinctness (AvTD and the variation in taxonomic distinctness (VarTD were also used. Higher average species richness was found in the saco dos Limões (mean ± SE; 59.8 ± 2.5, followed by Índio Beach (55.7 ± 2.7, Conceição lagoon (52.3 ± 6.4, North bay (45.0 ± 2.5, mangrove Itacorubi (34.5 ± 3.2 and mangrove Ratones (30.8 ± 3.8. No significate differences for the taxonomic patterns were observed between seasons. Furthermore the hereby data suggest that the fish assemblages of the inner portion of the island of Santa Catarina are mainly formed by estuarine and marine fish, but differing in species richness among locals.

  18. Host islands within the California Northern Channel Islands create fine-scale genetic structure in two sympatric species of the symbiotic ectomycorrhizal fungus Rhizopogon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grubisha, Lisa C; Bergemann, Sarah E; Bruns, Thomas D

    2007-05-01

    We have examined fine-scale genetic structure of the symbiotic ectomycorrhizal fungi Rhizopogon occidentalis and R. vulgaris on two of the California Channel Islands using five and six microsatellite loci, respectively. Both Rhizopogon species are sympatric on Santa Cruz and Santa Rosa Islands and are ectomycorrhizal with bishop pine (Pinus muricata) on both islands or Santa Rosa Island Torrey pine (P. torreyana ssp. insularis) on Santa Rosa. The combination of disjunct pine host distributions and geographic barriers within and among the islands have created highly structured Rhizopogon populations over very short distances (8.5 km on Santa Cruz Island; F(ST) = 0.258, F(ST) = 0.056, R. occidentalis and R. vulgaris, respectively). Both species show similar patterns of genetic differentiation as a result of limited dispersal between host populations as revealed by a significant isolation by distance relationship (r = 0.69, P analyses, and is most likely a function of the small foraging range of the few mammals that disperse Rhizopogon on these islands and the enormous spore bank characteristic of Rhizopogon species.

  19. Nine endangered taxa, one recovering ecosystem: Identifying common ground for recovery on Santa Cruz Island, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    McEachern, A. Kathryn; Wilken, Dieter H.

    2011-01-01

    It is not uncommon to have several rare and listed taxa occupying habitats in one landscape or management area where conservation amounts to defense against the possibility of further loss. It is uncommon and extremely exciting, however, to have several listed taxa occupying one island that is managed cooperatively for conservation and recovery. On Santa Cruz Island, the largest of the northern California island group in the Santa Barbara Channel, we have a golden opportunity to marry ecological knowledge and institutional "good will" in a field test of holistic rare plant conservation. Here, the last feral livestock have been removed, active weed control is underway, and management is focused on understanding and demonstrating system response to conservation management. Yet funding limitations still exist and we need to plan the most fiscally conservative and marketable approach to rare plant restoration. We still experience the tension between desirable quick results and the ecological pace of system recovery. Therefore, our research has focused on identifying fundamental constraints on species recovery at individual, demographic, habitat, and ecosystem levels, and then developing suites of actions that might be taken across taxa and landscapes. At the same time, we seek a performance middle ground that balances an institutional need for quick demonstration of hands-on positive results with a contrasting approach that allows ecosystem recovery to facilitate species recovery in the long term. We find that constraints vary across breeding systems, life-histories, and island locations. We take a hybrid approach in which we identify several actions that we can take now to enhance population size or habitat occupancy for some taxa by active restoration, while allowing others to recover at the pace of ecosystem change. We make our recommendations on the basis of data we have collected over the last decade, so that management is firmly grounded in ecological observation.

  20. Native plant recovery in study plots after fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) control on Santa Cruz Island

    Science.gov (United States)

    Power, Paula; Stanley, Thomas R.; Cowan, Clark; Robertson, James R.

    2014-01-01

    Santa Cruz Island is the largest of the California Channel Islands and supports a diverse and unique flora which includes 9 federally listed species. Sheep, cattle, and pigs, introduced to the island in the mid-1800s, disturbed the soil, browsed native vegetation, and facilitated the spread of exotic invasive plants. Recent removal of introduced herbivores on the island led to the release of invasive fennel (Foeniculum vulgare), which expanded to become the dominant vegetation in some areas and has impeded the recovery of some native plant communities. In 2007, Channel Islands National Park initiated a program to control fennel using triclopyr on the eastern 10% of the island. We established replicate paired plots (seeded and nonseeded) at Scorpion Anchorage and Smugglers Cove, where notably dense fennel infestations (>10% cover) occurred, to evaluate the effectiveness of native seed augmentation following fennel removal. Five years after fennel removal, vegetative cover increased as litter and bare ground cover decreased significantly (P < 0.0001) on both plot types. Vegetation cover of both native and other (nonfennel) exotic species increased at Scorpion Anchorage in both seeded and nonseeded plots. At Smugglers Cove, exotic cover decreased significantly (P = 0.0001) as native cover comprised of Eriogonum arborescensand Leptosyne gigantea increased significantly (P < 0.0001) in seeded plots only. Nonseeded plots at Smugglers Cove were dominated by exotic annual grasses, primarily Avena barbata. The data indicate that seeding with appropriate native seed is a critical step in restoration following fennel control in areas where the native seed bank is depauperate.

  1. Incidental catch of marine turtles by the artisanal fisheries on Santa Catarina Island, SC, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalia Hanazaki

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available The five species of sea turtles, which inhabit the Brazilian shore, have a wordwide distribution and are threatened with extinction. The south of Brazil is characterized as a feeding and breeding area of at least three of these species. The presence of turtles close to the shore and their incidental catch are occurrences reported by artisan fishermen of the Island of Santa Catarina in this work. The study was based on a questionnaire, applied to fishermen and fishfarmers at selected spots on the island. Scientific and popular names were matched using illustrations. The spots with the highest number of events and captures were close to the islands, rocky coasts and stony grounds, i.e. areas related with the foraging habits of the most abundant species, Chelonia mydas. The place, depth and size of the net are characteristics, which influence the capture. The time the net remains in the water is a factor which is fundamental to the survival of the captured turtles. The flesh of the turtle is used as an occasional feeding resource. Capacitation programs and training applied to the communities involved are recommended.

  2. Source of the 6 February 2013 Mw 8.0 Santa Cruz Islands Tsunami.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Romano, F.; Molinari, I.; Lorito, S.; Piatanesi, A.

    2014-12-01

    On February 6, 2013 a Mw8.0 interplate earthquake occurred in the Santa Cruz Islands region. The epicenter is located near a complex section of the Australia-Pacific plate boundary, where a short segment of dominantly strike-slip plate motion links the Solomon Trench to the New Hebrides Trench. In this region, the Australia plate subducts beneath the Pacific plate with a convergence rate of ~9cm/yr. This earthquake generated a tsunami that struck the city of Lata and several villages located on the Nendo island with tsunami height exceeding 11m (Fritz et al.,2014). The tsunami has been distinctly recorded by 5 DART buoys in the Pacific Ocean and by some tide-gauges at Solomon Islands, Fiji Islands, and New Caledonia. In this work we retrieve the source of the tsunami by inverting the signals recorded by both DART buoys and tide-gauges, and using an earthquake fault model that accounts for the variability of the subduction plate geometry. We compare and discuss our tsunamigenic slip model with previous coseismic slip models obtained by teleseismic data (Hayes et al.,2013) and telesismic data constrained by tsunami records (Lay et al.,2013). Our preferred tsunami source (maximum slip value of ~10m) is located southeast from the hypocenter and the slip direction is in agreement with the convergence direction that becomes progressively more oblique in the NW segment. We find a tsunami source roughly consistent to a possible source of low frequency radiation (http://www.iris.edu/spud/backprojection) and/or to the region of aseismic slip argued by Hayes et al. (2013). However, we do not find significantly tsunamigenic slip in the region of seismic high frequency radiation around the hypocenter.

  3. Genetic differentiation between marine iguanas from different breeding sites on the island of Santa Fe (Galapagos Archipelago).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lanterbecq, Deborah; Glaberman, Scott; Vitousek, Maren Noelani; Steinfartz, Sebastian; Benavides, Edgar; Wikelski, Martin; Caccone, Adalgisa

    2010-01-01

    We studied patterns of genetic diversity within and among 5 populations (318 individuals) of Galápagos marine iguanas (Amblyrhynchus cristatus) from the island Santa Fé. Populations were separated by distances of 0.2 to 9.9 km. We sequenced 1182 base pairs of the mitochondrial control region and screened 13 microsatellite loci for variability. We also added data from 5 populations (397 individuals) sampled on 4 neighboring islands (Santa Cruz, Floreana, Espanola, and San Cristobal). The 5 Santa Fé populations, revealed as genetically distinct from populations on other islands, present relatively low levels of genetic diversity, which are similar for both microsatellite (average observed heterozygosity from 0.7686 to 0.7773) and mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) markers (haplotypic and nucleotide diversity from 0.587 to 0.728 and from 0.00079 to 0.00293, respectively), and comparable with those observed in similar-sized sampling sites on other islands. There was frequency-based evidence of genetic structure between northern and southern sites on Santa Fé (F(st) of 0.0027-0.0115 for microsatellite and 0.0447-0.2391 for mtDNA), but the 4 southern sites showed little differentiation. Most of the intra-island genetic variation was allocated within rather than between sites. There was no evidence of sex-biased dispersal or population substructuring due to lek-mating behavior, suggesting that these 2 observed behaviors are not strong enough to leave an evolutionary signal on genetic patterns in this species.

  4. Efeitos de herbicidas e populações de plantas na nodulação e produção da soja (Glycine max (L. Merril 'Santa Rosa' Effects of herbicides and plant populations on nodulation and yield in soybeans Glycine max (L. Merril 'Santa Rosa'

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Deuber

    1981-12-01

    Full Text Available Três experimentos de campo e um em vasos foram conduzidos com a cultura da soja 'Santa Rosa', para estudar os efeitos da aplicação de diferentes herbicidas, combinados com diferentes populações de plantas, sobre a nodulação, produção de grãos e teor de N em grãos. Utilizaram-se solos argiloso e muito argiloso no campo e argiloso e barrento em vasos. Os herbicidas aplicados foram o trifluralin a 0,96 kg/ha e o vernolate a 3,60 kg/ha, incorporados ao solo; alachlor a 2,40 kg; pendimethalin a 1,50 kg em dois experimentos e a 1,25 kg em um e o metribuzin a 0,63 kg em dois e a 0,53 kg em um em pré-emergência no campo. Em vasos, as doses foram as mesmas, exceto do trifluralin, que foi de 0,86 kg. Havia um tratamento sem herbicida em cada experimento. As densidades de semeadura corresponderam, no Experimento I, a 200 e 300 mil plantas/ha, no Experimento II a 200, 300 e 400 mil plantas/ha e, no III, a 150 e 250 mil plantas/ha. Em cada vaso, foram semeadas três plantas e nestes, fez-se o estudo do crescimento até 30 dias, quando se coletaram os nódulos. No campo, em pleno florescimento, foram amostrados os nódulos de cinco plantas por parcela, que foram contados e pesados após secagem. Na colheita, foram obtidos a produção de grãos e o seu teor de N. As diferentes densidades não causaram alteração no número e no peso de nódulos. Em vasos a modulação foi afetada, na fase inicial, por trifluralin, pendimethalin e vernolate, que reduziram o número e o peso de nódulos. O trifluralin reduziu esses valores no campo, na fase de máxima nodulação, em um experimento. O aumento da população causou elevação do teor de N, e de grãos na colheita, em dois experimentos. Nenhum herbicida afetou o teor desse nutriente nas folhas ou nos grãos. A produção de grãos por área foi elevada com o aumento da população de plantas. O metribuzin causou redução da produção em um experimento.The effects of herbic ides and plant

  5. CNTR10M - 10 meter bathymetric contours of the Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary and Santa Barbara Bay. (UTM 10N, NAD83)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — Data layer containing 10 meter bathymetric contours for the Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary and Santa Barbara Bay. Data are derived from 1:250,000-scale...

  6. Estudio geológico, estratigráfico y sedimentológico de la Cueva de Mamíferos del Pleistoceno de Santa Rosa (Perú: interpretación paleo-ambiental

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available ÉTUDE GÉOLOGIQUE, STRATIGRAPHIQUE ET SÉDIMENTOLOGIQUE DE LA GROTTE À MAMMIFÈRES PLÉISTOCÈNES DE SANTA ROSA (PÉROU : INTERPRÉTATION PALÉO-ENVIRONNEMENTALE. Les restes d’un spécimen de Megatheriinae (Mammalia: Xenarthra pléistocène (Lujanien viennent d’être mis à jour dans la grotte de Santa Rosa, située dans les Andes Nord-péruviennes. Cette découverte d’un squelette sub-complet de Gravigrade, fait exceptionnel dans les Andes, correspond à une nouvelle espèce du genre Megatherium. L’étude sédimentologique, pétrographique, stratigraphique et palynologique de la grotte montre que la cavité : - appartient à un système karstique (habituel dans cette région des Andes péruviennes creusée dans le calcaire de la formation Celendín (Coniacien - Santonien inférieur - a été soumise à des événements successifs : 1 le creusement de l’abri et le dépôt des sables calcaréo-argileux jaunes suite à la forte érosion du massif calcaire 2 le ravinement et l’érosion amenant des effondrements du toit de l’abri 3 le dépôt des sables calcaréo-argileux marrons où se trouvent les restes de mammifères (Megatheriidae, Camelidae, Cervidae et Muridae et de nombreux restes de flore et la présence locale de pollens. L’analyse pollinique semble indiquer l’existence d’une flore dominée par les fougères d’origine locale et parfois de spores coloniales indifférenciées d’origine vraisemblablement algaire. Ces observations suggèrent que les conditions climatiques étaient plus froides et humides que de nos jours. Restos de un espécimen de Megatheriinae (mammalia: Xenarthra del Pleistoceno superior [Lujanense] han sido descubiertos en la cueva de Santa Rosa, en el norte de los Andes del Perú. Este hallazgo de un esqueleto parcialmente completo de Gravigrado, hecho excepcional en los Andes, corresponde a una nueva especie del género Megatherium. El estudio sedimentológico, petrográfico, estratigráfico y palinol

  7. Determinación de las percepciones de la usuaria sobre los factores que intervienen en la comunicación con el médico durante la consulta externa de Gineco Obstetricia del Hospital Santa Rosa del Ministerio de Salud

    OpenAIRE

    Dusek Paz, Magnolia Jesús

    2005-01-01

    El presente estudio pretende profundizar sobre uno de los temas que debería preocupar a toda institución; los factores de la comunicación interpersonal, y en especial las que prestan servicios de salud: nuestro objetivo es conocer la percepción de las usuarias sobre los factores que intervienen en la comunicación con el médico durante la consulta externa en los servicios de gineco obstetricia del Hospital Santa Rosa.

  8. Cronología de la regeneración del bosque tropical seco en Santa Rosa, Guanacaste, Costa Rica: II. La vegetación en relación con el suelo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge A Leiva

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Se estudió la sucesión del bosque tropical seco (BTS de Santa Rosa, Guanacaste, Costa Rica, en cinco sitios boscosos secundarios y tres bosques maduros. Se analizó el efecto de la clase de suelo sobre la estructura del bosque y la diversidad de especies arbóreas. Los ocho sitios sucesionales estaban localizados a lo largo de una cronosecuencia de regeneración (10, 15, 20, 40, 60 and >100 años en la que se identificaron 17 pedones y seis órdenes de suelos con moderada a alta fertilidad, clasificados como Entisoles y Vertisoles, aunque los Mollisoles, Alfisoles, Inceptisoles y Ultisoles estuvieron presentes también. Se establecieron 130 parcelas de 10 por 50 m (0.05 ha, 20 en cada bosque secundario y 10 en cada bosque antiguo (6.5 ha en total, de acuerdo con la topografía. Se midió el diámetro a la altura de pecho (dap de todos los individuos presentes en cada parcela, la altura dominante y el área basal (m2ha-1, usando dos poblaciones: latizales (dap ≥ 1 y Chronology of tropical dry forest regeneration in Santa Rosa, Guanacaste, Costa Rica. II. Vegetation in relation to the soil. Tropical dry forest (TDF succession was monitored in Santa Rosa, Costa Rica. We analyzed the effect of soil type on forest structure and diversity. Eight seasonally-dry TDF sites located along a successional chrono-sequence (10, 15, 20, 40, 60 and >100 years were examined in relation to 17 soil pedons and six soil orders. Soils had moderate to high fertility and were classified as Entisols and Vertisols, although Mollisols, Alfisols, Inceptisols and Ultisols were also present. One-hundred and thirty 500 m2 plots were established, 20 plots in secondary and 10 plots in mature TDFsites. Diameter at breast height (dbh and total tree height were measured for saplings (dbh ≥1 and <5 cm, shrubs and trees (dbh ≥5 cm. With the exception of two sites (40 and 60 years, soil type did not have significant effects on forest structure. However, tree diversity measured

  9. Source correlation of biomarkers in a mangrove ecosystem on Santa Catarina Island in southern Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva, Cesar A; Madureira, Luiz A S

    2012-09-01

    The relative distribution of several compounds identified in four samples of recently deposited sediments of the Itacorubi Mangrove located on the Santa Catarina Island, southern Brazil, was compared with similar data on compounds extracted from fresh leaves of three mangrove species (Avicennia schaueriana, the dominant species in the area, Rhizophora mangle and Laguncularia racemosa) and the Gramineae Spartinna alterniflora. Terpenols, previously identified in mangrove species in northern Brazil, were also found. A. schaueriana mainly contains β-amyrin (90.6 μg g(-1) of extractable organic matter); low amounts of friedelin, betulin and germanicol were detected only in the leaf extract of this species. R. mangle also contained a significant amount of β-amyrin and it was the only species where taraxerol was detected. In contrast to the leaves, sediment extracts were dominated by germanicol, α-amyrin and campesterol. Despite its chemical lability, betulin was also detected. Two homologous series of α and ω-hydroxy fatty acids were detected in the acid-alkaline fraction. In spite of being reported in the literature as components of terrigenous plants, saturated ω-hydroxy acids were not identified. Our results indicate that although triterpenols may be used as biomarkers for mangrove-derived organic matter, their relative distribution can change according to the region.

  10. Pathology and Epidemiology of Ceruminous Gland Tumors among Endangered Santa Catalina Island Foxes (Urocyon littoralis catalinae in the Channel Islands, USA.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T Winston Vickers

    Full Text Available In this study, we examined the prevalence, pathology, and epidemiology of tumors in free-ranging island foxes occurring on three islands in the California Channel Islands, USA. We found a remarkably high prevalence of ceruminous gland tumors in endangered foxes (Urocyon littoralis catalinae occurring on Santa Catalina Island (SCA--48.9% of the dead foxes examined from 2001-2008 had tumors in their ears, and tumors were found in 52.2% of randomly-selected mature (≥ 4 years foxes captured in 2007-2008, representing one of the highest prevalences of tumors ever documented in a wildlife population. In contrast, no tumors were detected in foxes from San Nicolas Island or San Clemente Island, although ear mites (Otodectes cynotis, a predisposing factor for ceruminous gland tumors in dogs and cats, were highly prevalent on all three islands. On SCA, otitis externa secondary to ear mite infection was highly correlated with ceruminous gland hyperplasia (CGH, and tumors were significantly associated with the severity of CGH, ceruminous gland dysplasia, and age group (older foxes. We propose a conceptual model for the formation of ceruminous gland tumors in foxes on SCA that is based on persistent, ubiquitous infection with ear mites, and an innate, over exuberant inflammatory and hyperplastic response of SCA foxes to these mites. Foxes on SCA are now opportunistically treated with acaricides in an attempt to reduce mite infections and the morbidity and mortality associated with this highly prevalent tumor.

  11. Integrated assessment of air pollution using observations and modelling in Santa Cruz de Tenerife (Canary Islands).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baldasano, José M; Soret, Albert; Guevara, Marc; Martínez, Francesc; Gassó, Santiago

    2014-03-01

    The present study aims to analyse the atmospheric dynamics of the Santa Cruz de Tenerife region (Tenerife, Canary Islands). This area is defined by the presence of anthropogenic emissions (from a refinery, a port and road traffic) and by very specific meteorological and orographic conditions-it is a coastal area with a complex topography in which there is an interaction of regional atmospheric dynamics and a low thermal inversion layer. These factors lead to specific atmospheric pollution episodes, particularly in relation to SO2 and PM10. We applied a methodology to study these dynamics based on two complementary approaches: 1) the analysis of the observations from the air quality network stations and 2) simulation of atmospheric dynamics using the WRF-ARW/HERMESv2/CMAQ/BSC-DREAM8b and WRF-ARW/HYSPLIT modelling systems with a high spatial resolution (1×1 km(2)). The results of our study show that the refinery plume plays an important role in the maximum SO2 observed levels. The area of maximum impact of the refinery is confined to a radius of 3 km around this installation. A cluster analysis performed for the period: 1998-2011 identified six synoptic situations as predominant in the area. The episodes of air pollution by SO2 occur mainly in those with more limited dispersive conditions, such as the northeastern recirculation, the northwestern recirculation and the western advection, which represent 33.70%, 11.23% and 18.63% of the meteorological situations affecting the study area in the year 2011, respectively. In the case of particulate matter, Saharan dust intrusions result in episodes with high levels of PM10 that may exceed the daily limit value in all measurement station; these episodes occur when the synoptic situation is from the east (3.29% of the situations during the year 2011).

  12. Late Pleistocene and Holocene Fire History of the California Islands

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scott, A. C.; Hardiman, M.; Pinter, N.; Anderson, R.

    2013-12-01

    Charcoal has been recovered from a range of late Pleistocene and Holocene sites on Santa Cruz Island and Santa Rosa Island, both islands part of California's Northern Channel Islands, U.S.A. Sediments have been dated using radiocarbon measurements based on wood charcoal, fungal sclerotia, glassy carbon and fecal pellets and are given as calendar years BP. This charcoal has been used to interpret the fire history of the Islands. Charcoal assemblages from samples dating from 24,690 to 12,900 years are dominated by coniferous wood charcoal. Little angiosperm charcoal was recovered in any of the samples. Fungal sclerotia are frequent in a number of samples from a range of ages both on Santa Cruz and Santa Rosa. Fecal pellets are common in most samples and abundant in others. Some of the fecal pellets have hexagonal sides and are likely to represent termite frass. The sediments are fluvial in origin and the distribution of charcoal is irregular making interpretation of fire return intervals and fire frequency difficult. The charcoal indicates a significant record of fire before the earliest documented human arrival on the islands. Charcoal reflectance data shows the occurrence of predominantly low temperature charcoals suggesting common surface fires in the coniferous forest. Soledad Pond sediments from Santa Rosa Island (Anderson et al., 2010) dating from 11,800 cal years BP show a distinctively different vegetation dominated by angiosperms and showing a very different fire history. Pinus stands, coastal sage scrub dominated by Baccharis sp. and grassland replaced the conifer forest as the climate warmed. The early Holocene became increasingly drier, particularly after ca. 9150 cal yr BP. By ca. 6900 cal yr BP grasslands recovered. Introduction of non-native species by ranchers occurred subsequent to AD 1850. Charcoal influx is high early in the Soledad Pond record, but declines during the early Holocene when minimal biomass suggests extended drought. A general

  13. Slip distribution of the 2013 Mw 8.0 Santa Cruz Islands earthquake by tsunami waveforms inversion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Romano, Fabrizio; Molinari, Irene; Lorito, Stefano; Piatanesi, Alessio

    2014-05-01

    On February 6, 2013 a Mw8.0 interplate earthquake occurred in the Santa Cruz Islands region. The epicenter is located near a complex section of the Australia-Pacific plate boundary, where a short segment of dominantly strike-slip plate motion links the Solomon Trench to the New Hebrides Trench. In this region, the Australia plate subducts beneath the Pacific plate with a convergence rate of ~9cm/yr. This earthquake generated a tsunami that struck the city of Lata and several villages located on the main island, Nendo, near the epicenter. The tsunami has been distinctly recorded by 5 DART buoys located in the Pacific ocean. In this work we present the slip distribution of the earthquake obtained by inverting the tsunami signals recorded by the DART buoys. In order to honour the complex geometry of the subducting plate, we use a fault model that accounts for the variability of the strike and dip angles along the slipping surface. We use the Green's function approach and a simulated annealing technique to solve the inverse problem. Synthetic checkerboard tests indicate that the azimuthal coverage of the available DART stations is sufficient to retrieve the main features of the rupture process with a minimum subfault area of about 20x20 km. We retrieve the slip distribution of the Santa Cruz Island earthquake that, at the first order, is consistent with previous slip models obtained by using teleseismic data.

  14. Ear Mite Removal in the Santa Catalina Island Fox (Urocyon littoralis catalinae: Controlling Risk Factors for Cancer Development.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Megan E Moriarty

    Full Text Available Ear mites (Otodectes cynotis and ear canal tumors are highly prevalent among federally endangered Island foxes (Urocyon littoralis catalinae living on Santa Catalina Island off the coast of Southern California. Since studies began in the 1990s, nearly all foxes examined were found to be infected with ear mites, and ceruminous gland tumors (carcinomas and adenomas were detected in approximately half of all foxes ≥ 4 years of age. We hypothesized that reduction of ear mite infection would reduce otitis externa and ceruminous gland hyperplasia, a risk factor for tumor development. In this study, we conducted a randomized field trial to assess the impact of acaricide treatment on ear mite prevalence and intensity of infection, otitis externa, ceruminous gland hyperplasia, and mite-specific IgG and IgE antibody levels. Treatment was highly effective at eliminating mites and reducing otitis externa and ceruminous gland hyperplasia, and mite-specific IgG antibody levels were significantly lower among uninfected foxes. Ceruminous gland hyperplasia increased in the chronically infected, untreated foxes during the six month study. Our results provide compelling evidence that acaricide treatment is an effective means of reducing ear mites, and that mite removal in turn reduces ear lesions and mite-specific IgG antibody levels in Santa Catalina Island foxes. This study has advanced our understanding of the underlying pathogenesis which results in ceruminous gland tumors, and has helped inform management decisions that impact species conservation.

  15. Source correlation of biomarkers in a mangrove ecosystem on Santa Catarina Island in southern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cesar A. Silva

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The relative distribution of several compounds identified in four samples of recently deposited sediments of the Itacorubi Mangrove located on the Santa Catarina Island, southern Brazil, was compared with similar data on compounds extracted from fresh leaves of three mangrove species (Avicennia schaueriana, the dominant species in the area, Rhizophora mangle and Laguncularia racemosa and the Gramineae Spartinna alterniflora. Terpenols, previously identified in mangrove species in northern Brazil, were also found. A. schaueriana mainly contains β-amyrin (90.6 μg g-1 of extractable organic matter; low amounts of friedelin, betulin and germanicol were detected only in the leaf extract of this species. R. mangle also contained a significant amount of β-amyrin and it was the only species where taraxerol was detected. In contrast to the leaves, sediment extracts were dominated by germanicol, α-amyrin and campesterol. Despite its chemical lability, betulin was also detected. Two homologous series of α and ω-hydroxy fatty acids were detected in the acid-alkaline fraction. In spite of being reported in the literature as components of terrigenous plants, saturated ω-hydroxy acids were not identified. Our results indicate that although triterpenols may be used as biomarkers for mangrove-derived organic matter, their relative distribution can change according to the region.A distribuição relativa de vários compostos identificados em quatro amostras de sedimentos recentemente depositados no manguezal do Itacorubi, localizado na Ilha de Santa Catarina, no sul do Brasil, foi comparada a dos diversos compostos extraídos de folhas frescas de três espécies de mangues: Avicennia schaueriana, espécie dominante na região, Rhizophora mangle, Laguncularia racemosa, e a gramínea Spartinna alterniflora. Terpenóis identificados previamente em espécies de mangues no norte do Brasil também foram encontrados. A espécie A. schaueriana cont

  16. SECRUHAB -- Habitat polygons for Southeast Santa Cruz Island (UTM 10N, NAD83)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — Benthic habitat polygon coverages have been created for marine reserve locations surrounding the Santa Barbara Basin. Diver, ROV and submersible video transects,...

  17. SECRUHAB -- Habitat polygons for Southeast Santa Cruz Island (UTM 10N, NAD83)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — Benthic habitat polygon coverages have been created for marine reserve locations surrounding the Santa Barbara Basin. Diver, ROV and submersible video transects,...

  18. The oldest elasmosaurs (Sauropterygia, Plesiosauria from Antarctica, Santa Marta Formation (upper Coniacian? Santonian–upper Campanian and Snow Hill Island Formation (upper Campanian–lower Maastrichtian, James Ross Island

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José P. O'Gorman

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Elasmosaurs are recorded for the first time in the Lachman Crags Member (Beta Member of the Santa Marta Formation (lower Campanian and in the Herbert Sound Member of the Snow Hill Island Formation (upper Campanian. These are the first elasmosaurids from James Ross Island, Antarctic Peninsula. These records greatly improve our knowledge of the taxonomic diversity of plesiosaurs of the Santa Marta Formation and Herbert Sound Member of the Snow Hill Island Formation, and extend the lower limit of the record of Elasmosauridae in Antarctica to the lower Campanian, making this the oldest record of an Antarctic elasmosaur.

  19. "Un devorador de su propia especie". Violencia, justicia y cultura popular en Santa Rosa de los Andes: las formas de la autoridad a los ojos de un peón de oficio matador, Chile 1805

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Moreno Bazaes

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available A través del análisis microhistórico del proceso judicial seguido por las autoridades de la villa de Santa Rosa de Los Andes e intervenido por la Real Audiencia de Santiago contra Juan Francisco Varas, “peón-gañan” de la hacienda de Llay-Llay, responsable de a lo menos seis homicidios y otros tantos crímenes que atentaron contra el orden local y el gobierno civil, se pretende dar cuenta de los pormenores de la organización social en el Valle del Aconcagua a fines del siglo XVIII y durante los primeros años del siglo XIX. De modo que a través de la observación de las tensiones generadas por el uso indiscriminado de la violencia, el desacato y la desobediencia a la autoridad local, se desea mostrar uno de los rostros más violentos que presentaron los procesos de campesinización en Chile durante el periodo colonial, indagando en las formas en que los contemporáneos, la administración y autoridades locales reaccionaron frente a este tipo de prácticas consideradas como intolerables y excesivas. Por supuesto, se pretende dar cuenta delos mecanismos desplegados por controlar ese tipo de conductas y desde ahí profundizar en los horizontes que adoptaron lo justo y la autoridad frente a una cultura popular que se configuró al margen de la “civilidad”.

  20. Using an Integrated Surface Water - Groundwater Flow Model for Evaluating the Hydrologic Impacts of Historic and Potential Future Dry Periods on Simulated Water Budgets in the Santa Rosa Plain Watershed, Northern California, USA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hevesi, J. A.; Woolfenden, L. R.; Nishikawa, T.

    2014-12-01

    Communities in the Santa Rosa Plain watershed (SRPW), Sonoma County, CA, USA are experiencing increasing demand for limited water resources. Streamflow in the SRPW is runoff dominated; however, groundwater also is an important resource in the basin. The watershed has an area of 262 mi2 that includes natural, agricultural, and urban land uses. To evaluate the hydrologic system, an integrated hydrologic model was developed using the U.S. Geological Survey coupled groundwater and surface-water flow model, GSFLOW. The model uses a daily time step and a grid-based discretization of the SRPW consisting of 16,741 10-acre cells for 8 model layers to simulate all water budget components of the surface and subsurface hydrologic system. Simulation results indicate significant impacts on streamflow and recharge in response to the below average precipitation during the dry periods. The recharge and streamflow distributions simulated for historic dry periods were compared to future dry periods projected from 4 GCM realizations (two different GCMs and two different CO2 forcing scenarios) for the 21st century, with the dry periods defined as 3 consecutive years of below average precipitation. For many of the projected dry periods, the decreases in recharge and streamflow were greater than for the historic dry periods due to a combination of lower precipitation and increases in simulated evapotranspiration for the warmer 21st century projected by the GCM realizations. The greatest impact on streamflow for both historic and projected future dry periods is the diminished baseflow from late spring to early fall, with an increase in the percentage of intermittent and dry stream reaches. The results indicate that the coupled model is a useful tool for water managers to better understand the potential effects of future dry periods on spatially and temporally distributed streamflow and recharge, as well as other components of the water budget.

  1. Aspectos texturais do magmatismo e tramas da tectônica impostas ao Granito Chaval na Zona de Cisalhamento Santa Rosa, extremo Noroeste da Província Borborema

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Sergio de Sousa Gorayeb

    Full Text Available A região Noroeste da Província Borborema apresenta uma diversidade de corpos graníticos de natureza e evolução tectônica diversificadas, do Paleoproterozoico ao Paleozoico, com maior incidência relacionada ao Neoproterozoico e alojamento em diferentes fases da orogenia Brasiliana. Um desses exemplos é o Granito Chaval, que representa um batólito aflorante próximo à costa Atlântica do Ceará e Piauí, intrusivo em ortognaisses do Complexo Granja e supracrustais do Grupo Martinópole. Ele é, em parte, coberto por depósitos cenozoicos costeiros e rochas sedimentares paleozoicas da Bacia do Parnaíba. O Granito Chaval tem como característica marcante a textura porfirítica, destacando-se megacristais de microclina, em sienogranitos e monzogranitos, e outras feições texturais/estruturais de origem magmática, Essas permitiram interpretar sua evolução como de alojamento relativamente raso do plúton, conduzido por processos de cristalização fracionada, mistura de magmas com fluxo magmático e ação gravitacional em função da diferença de densidade do magma, levando à flutuação e ascensão de megacristais de microclina no magma residual, com alojamento de leucogranitos e pegmatitos nos estágios finais da evolução deste plutonismo. Por outro lado, em toda a metade Leste do plúton, encontra-se um rico acervo de estruturas tectógenas de cisalhamento, relacionada à implantação da Zona de Cisalhamento Transcorrente Santa Rosa, que levou a transformações tectonometamórficas superpostas às feições magmáticas, as quais atingiram condições metamórficas máximas na fácies anfibolito baixo. Cartograficamente, foram individualizados três domínios estruturais em que estão presentes uma gama de variações petroestruturais do Granito Chaval, sejam feições texturais/estruturais ígneas e tectônicas. As rochas plutônicas foram deformadas e modificadas progressivamente à medida que se dirige para Leste, no qual as

  2. Breeding waterbirds (Pelecaniformes at Maracujá island, Babitonga bay estuary, north coast of Santa Catarina, Brazil

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    Alexandre Venson Grose

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Waterbirds usually breed in an aggregate way, forming large breeding colonies with different species. This study describes biological aspects of waterbirds from a colony at Maracujá island, in the Babitonga bay estuary, north coast of Santa Catarina, Brazil. We collected data on species richness, abundance, breeding chronology, predation, and nest distribution in the island. Within the period from September 2010 to February 2011, 15 waterbird species were identified using the feeding and resting site, and, out of them, 5 species bred in the island (Nycticorax nycticorax, Nyctanassa violacea, Egretta caerulea, Phimosus infuscatus, and Aramides cajanea. We registered 154 active nests, 79 nests of N. Nycticorax, 14 nests of N. violacea, 6 nests of P. infuscatus, 5 nests of E. caerulea, and only 1 nest of A. cajanea. The estimated local population was 308 breeding individuals, and N. nycticorax was the most abundant species, accounting for 51% of nests. The months with higher concentration of nests were September, October, and November. In addition to waterbirds, 4 birds of prey and scavenger species were registered, which were responsible for egg and/or chick losses, along with Larus dominicanus. Maracujá island has been used for breeding by at least 5 species and its protection deserves attention, in order to ensure the maintenance and possibility to expand this breeding site.

  3. Unidades habitacionais hoteleiras na Ilha de Santa Catarina: um estudo sobre acessibilidade espacial Habitational units in hotels of the Island of Santa Catarina: a study about Spatial accessibility

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    Vera Helena Moro Bins Ely

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo trata da avaliação das condições de acessibilidade espacial em unidades habitacionais (UHs, ditas acessíveis, de hotéis residenciais na ilha de Santa Catarina. Para tanto, visitas exploratórias permitiram o levantamento arquitetônico das UHs escolhidas e a análise de sua adequação aos parâmetros técnicos estabelecidos pela NBR 9050/2004. Entrevistas com diferentes usuários complementam o estudo na medida em que apontam as reais dificuldades enfrentadas por eles, devido às inadequadas soluções de acessibilidade presentes nos ambientes da rede hoteleira. Os métodos utilizados permitiram classificar os problemas de acessibilidade espacial segundo quatro componentes - orientação espacial, deslocamento, uso e comunicação - e relacioná-los às deficiências e habilidades dos diversos usuários. Encontrou-se maior prevalência de problemas ligados ao uso de mobiliários e equipamentos, os quais afetam a realização de atividades com conforto e independência. Verifica-se, também, que a NBR 9050/2004 ainda direciona seus parâmetros técnicos para atender principalmente deficientes físico-motores.This paper deals with the evaluation of the conditions of spatial accessibility in habitation units (UHs considered accessible in residential hotels on the Island of Santa Catarina. For this purpose, exploratory visits allowed an architectonic survey of the chosen UHs and an analysis of their adjustment to the technical parameters established by NBR 9050/2004. Interviews with different users completed the study which highlighted the real difficulties faced by them due to inadequate solutions of accessibility present in the hotel network environments. The methods facilitated a classification of the problems of spatial accessibility according to four components - spatial orientation, displacement, use and communication - and related them to the abilities and disabilities of the various users. A higher prevalence of problems

  4. Abundance and local range of broad-snouted caiman (Caiman latirostris, Alligatoridae in the northwest of Santa Catarina Island

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    Walfrido Moraes Tomás

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available This is the first report on the distribution and relative abundance of the broad-snouted caiman on Santa Catarina Island. The study estimated the relative abundance of caiman along the rivers at Estação Ecológica de Carijós, in addition to evaluating the occurrence of this species in the entire area of the Ratones River plain on the northwestern portion of the island. The mean relative abundance obtained by nocturnal counts was 0.25 (±0.07 caiman/km surveyed. There was a weak correlation between the number of caimans and the air temperature. Based on interviews with the local community and nocturnal surveys of caimans in rivers and reservoirs surrounding the protected area, we concluded that the range occupied by caimans covered the entire area of the Ratones river plain, inhabiting natural habitats (rivers, mangroves, swamps as well as artificial habitats (reservoirs and water channels. Although this study provides basic information about the broad-snouted caiman population on this part of the island, it is aimed mainly at providing guidance for future research.

  5. The capybara, Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris (Mammalia: Rodentia, found at the archaeological site SC PRV 02, Santa Catarina Island, Brasil

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    Paulo César Simões-Lopes

    2005-11-01

    Full Text Available Santa Catarina Island possesses dozens of archeological sites where the skeletal remains of a great array of animals can be found. The goal of this study was to quantify the skeletal remains of capybaras found at the archeological site SC PRV 02 (1067 to 1735 BP, located in the northern part of the island, along the shores of Lagoa da Conceição, a saltwater lagoon. Thirty-seven skeletal fragments of at least 12 different individuals were identified. The anatomic regions of the capybaras most sought-after by pre-colonial inhabitants were the anterior and posterior limbs. About 40% of the skeletal fragments did not show any epiphyseal fusion with the shaft. Approximately 48% of the fragments found presented evidence of human activity. Our analyses suggest that capybaras played an important role in the diet of these inhabitants and that they were also used for the confection of different functional goods. We diagnosed the manipulation techniques used to obtain these goods, such as percussion and transversal section. The evidence of carbonization and superficial incisions indicates dismembering, preparation, and consumption of capybaras for feeding. Similar techniques were found at other archeological sites of the same age, suggesting that even though pre-colonial inhabitants of the island were considered to be fishermen, capybaras represented a well-appreciated resource.

  6. Dog overpopulation and burden of exposure to canine distemper virus and other pathogens on Santa Cruz Island, Galapagos.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diaz, Nicole M; Mendez, Gabriella S; Grijalva, C Jaime; Walden, Heather S; Cruz, Marilyn; Aragon, Eduardo; Hernandez, Jorge A

    2016-01-01

    Dog overpopulation and diseases are hazards to native island species and humans on the Galapagos. Vaccination and importation of dogs are prohibited on the Galapagos. Risk management of these hazards requires the use of science-based risk assessment and risk communication. The objectives of the study reported here were (i) to estimate the human:dog ratio and (ii) the prevalence of and identify exposure factors associated with positive antibody titers to canine distemper virus (CDV) and other pathogens, as well as infection with intestinal parasites in owned dogs on Santa Cruz Island, Galapagos in September 2014. The observed human:dog ratio was 6.148:1 which extrapolates to 2503 dogs (two times more than a recent dog count conducted by Galapagos Biosecurity Agency in March 2014). The proportion of spayed female dogs (50%) was higher, compared to neutered male dogs (30%) (p=0.04). Prevalence of dogs with positive antibody titers to CDV was 36% (95% CI=26, 46%), to canine parvovirus was 89% (95% CI=82, 95%), and to canine adenovirus was 40% (95% CI=30, 51%). The frequency of seropositive dogs to CDV was lower in urban dogs (26%), compared to rural dogs (53%) (p<0.05). A positive interaction effect between rural residence and spay/neuter status on seropositivity to CDV was observed, which we discuss in this report. Because vaccination is prohibited, the dog population on Santa Cruz is susceptible to an outbreak of CDV (particularly among urban dogs) with potential spill over to marine mammals. Dog's age (1-2 or 3-14 years old, compared to younger dogs), and residence (rural, urban) were associated with positive antibody titers to parvovirus, adenovirus, Ehrlichia spp., or Anaplasma spp., as well as infection with Ancylostoma spp., an intestinal parasite in dogs that can be transmitted to humans, particularly children. These results provide the most comprehensive assessment of dog overpopulation and exposure to CDV and other pathogens on the Galapagos to date.

  7. La categoría trabajo en construcción: Componentes socio‐ históricos y culturales desde la perspectiva de los pequeños productores rurales de Picada Santa Rosa del Municipio Dos Arroyos, Misiones, Argentina

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    Laura Verónica ANGER

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available En el presente trabajo se propone revisar cómo se construye la categoría trabajo en un espacio social concreto: Picada Santa Rosa perteneciente al Municipio de Dos Arroyos - Misiones. El objetivo es reconstruir esa noción en función de la perspectiva de los pequeños productores rurales del lugar y determinar qué elementos entran en juego en la configuración de su significación diversa y cambiante, incluyendo aquellos factores emergentes que son las actuales políticas de Estado. Dichos componentes fueron visualizados a partir del trabajo de investigación que se realizó desde Noviembre del 2011 a Abril de 2014 en la zona; el cual consistió en delimitar una zona de trabajo reconociendo el espacio social, conocer los distintos agentes sociales que allí se mueven, determinar sus estrategias de vida, los tipos de vínculos que establecen entre sí y, por supuesto, acceder a las formas en que es simbolizado su universo cotidiano y los sentimientos de tristeza y felicidad que experimentan. El trabajo de campo en el lugar nos permitió reconocer un entramado social donde distintos agentes sociales interactúan de formas diversas en el campo de la producción agrícola. Estos objetivos fueron abordados a través de trabajo de campo antropológico, el que incluyó entrevistas y observación participante. El trabajo de campo realizado permitió delimitar el espacio social local y los agentes sociales que se mueven allí, a la vez que identificar sus estrategias de vida, las relaciones que existen entre ellos y los modos en que simbolizan su universo cotidiano. Así, se pudo comprender el entramado social complejo que se articula en torno a la producción agrícola.

  8. Simbiontes associados com Anomalocardia brasiliana (Gmelin (Mollusca, Bivalvia, Veneridae na Ilha de Santa Catarina e região continental adjacente, Santa Catarina, Brasil Symbionts associated with Anomalocardia brasiliana (Gmelin (Mollusca, Bivalvia, Veneridae on Santa Catarina Island and adjacent continental region, Santa Catarina, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guisla Boehs

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Berbigões, Anomalocardia brasiliana (Gmelin, 1791, de bancos naturais da Ilha de Santa Catarina e região continental adjacente (SC, Brasil, foram examinados quanto a presença de simbiontes. Holothuriophilus tomentosus (Ortmann, 1894 (Brachyura, Sphenia antillensis Dall & Simpson, 1901 (Bivalvia e poliquetos espionídeos (Polychaeta foram observados macroscopicamente. A análise das secções histológicas evidenciou esporocistos de trematódeos (Digenea, um metacestóide (Cestoda e dois ciliados (Ciliophora.Pointed venus, Anomalocardia brasiliana (Gmelin, 1791, from natural beds of Santa Catarina Island and adjacent continental region (SE Brazil were examined in respect of symbiotic associations. Holothuriophilus tomentosus (Ortmann, 1894 (Brachyura, Sphenia antillensis Dall & Simpson, 1901 (Bivalvia, and polychaete worms (Polychaeta were found by macroscopic diagnosis. By analysis of histological sections, it was noted trematode sporocysts (Digenea, a metacestode (Cestoda and two ciliates (Ciliophora.

  9. The effects of land-use change on arthropod richness and abundance on Santa Maria Island (Azores)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Meijer, Seline S.; Whittaker, Robert J.; Borges, P. A. V.

    2011-01-01

    We study how endemic, native and introduced arthropod species richness, abundance, diversity and community composition vary between four different habitat types (native forest, exotic forest of Cryptomeria japonica, semi-natural pasture and intensive pasture) and how arthropod richness and abunda...... role of the native forest in arthropod conservation in the Azores, it also shows that unmanaged exotic forests have provided alternative habitat suitable for some native species of forest specialist arthropods, particularly saproxylic beetles.......We study how endemic, native and introduced arthropod species richness, abundance, diversity and community composition vary between four different habitat types (native forest, exotic forest of Cryptomeria japonica, semi-natural pasture and intensive pasture) and how arthropod richness...... and abundance change with increasing distance from the native forest in adjacent habitat types in Santa Maria Island, the Azores. Arthropods were sampled in four 150 m long transects in each habitat type. Arthropods were identified to species level and classified as Azorean endemic, single-island endemic (SIE...

  10. Charcoal as evidence of fire regimes in the Pleistocene of the California Islands

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scott, A. C.; Hardiman, M.; Pinter, N.; Anderson, R. S.

    2012-04-01

    Charcoal has been recovered from a range of late Pleistocene sites both in Santa Cruz Island and Santa Rosa Island, belonging to the California Channel Islands. Sediments have been dated using radiocarbon measurements based on wood charcoal, fungal sclerotia, glassy carbon and fecal pellets and are given as calendar years bp. Charcoal assemblages from samples dating from 24,694 to 12,900 years are dominated by coniferous wood charcoal. Little angiosperm charcoal was recovered in any of the samples. Fungal sclerotia are frequent in a number of samples from a range of ages both on Santa Cruz and Santa Rosa. Fecal pellets are common in most samples and abundant in others. Some of the fecal pellets have hexagonal sides and are likely to represent termite frass. The sediments are fluvial in origin and the distribution of charcoal is irregular. The charcoal records a significant record of fire before the earliest documented human arrival on the islands and there is no evidence for a catstrophic fire triggered by a cometary impact at the onset of the younger Dryas, 12,900 cal years bp.

  11. Comparative study of two tsunamigenic earthquakes in the Solomon Islands: 2015 Mw 7.0 normal-fault and 2013 Santa Cruz Mw 8.0 megathrust earthquakes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heidarzadeh, Mohammad; Harada, Tomoya; Satake, Kenji; Ishibe, Takeo; Gusman, Aditya Riadi

    2016-05-01

    The July 2015 Mw 7.0 Solomon Islands tsunamigenic earthquake occurred ~40 km north of the February 2013 Mw 8.0 Santa Cruz earthquake. The proximity of the two epicenters provided unique opportunities for a comparative study of their source mechanisms and tsunami generation. The 2013 earthquake was an interplate event having a thrust focal mechanism at a depth of 30 km while the 2015 event was a normal-fault earthquake occurring at a shallow depth of 10 km in the overriding Pacific Plate. A combined use of tsunami and teleseismic data from the 2015 event revealed the north dipping fault plane and a rupture velocity of 3.6 km/s. Stress transfer analysis revealed that the 2015 earthquake occurred in a region with increased Coulomb stress following the 2013 earthquake. Spectral deconvolution, assuming the 2015 tsunami as empirical Green's function, indicated the source periods of the 2013 Santa Cruz tsunami as 10 and 22 min.

  12. Rosa Parks @ 100

    OpenAIRE

    Chouard, Géraldine; Crémieux, Anne

    2013-01-01

    Cornell University associate professor Riché Richardson, a native of Montgomery, Alabama, gave a talk at the Rosa Parks Museum in the city on February 4, 2013 entitled “Rosa Parks @100” as part of the national celebration from Montgomery to Detroit. Her art quilt, “Rosa Parks, Whose ‘No’ in 1955 Launched the Montgomery Bus Boycott and Was Heard Around the World,” is among the art that was presented at this historic celebration. Other highlights included National Book Award poet Nikky Finney r...

  13. Dimensões do governo subalterno da ilha de Santa Catarina (1738-1821 = Dimensions of the subordinate government of Santa Catarina Island (1738-1821

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silva, Augusto da

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste artigo é compreender a formação da unidade colonial da Ilha de Santa Catarina (depois expandida ao continente, de 1738, ano em que se criou nela um governo subordinado à capitania do Rio de Janeiro, até 1821, quando se tornou província independente. Com base na análise do vocabulário político utilizado pelas autoridades na documentação contemporânea, procurou-se identificar qual o estatuto jurídico e as dimensões desse estabelecimento para os diferentes agentes coloniais

  14. Lironeca desterroensis sp. nov. (Isopoda, Cymothoidae from the gills of a marine fish, Cetengraulis edentulus Cuvier, of Santa Catarina Island, Brazil

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    Thatcher Vernon E.

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Lironeca desterroensis sp. nov. (Isopoda, Cymothoidae is described on the basis of 105 females and three males taken from the gill chambers of the marine fish, Cetengraulis edentulus (Cuvier,1829, obtained near Santa Catarina Island, Brazil. The new species resembles Lironeca redmanni Leach, 1818, in size and general appearance but differs from that species in a number of important respects. In the new species, the pleotelson is larger, the pleonites are laterally produced, the uropods have elongate and slender rami and the larval stage (Pullus II has a prominent frontal projection.

  15. ROSA on Oceansat-2

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Cosmo, Vittorio; Catalano, Valeria; Garramone, Luciano; Loizzo, Rosa; Marzo, Mino; Thyagarajan, K.; Venkatarao, M.; Vespe, Francesco

    2006-12-01

    ROSA (Radio Occultation Sounder of Atmosphere) is a space instrument which uses the Radio Occultation Technique to provide highly accurate measurements of the atmospheric refractive indexes from which it is possible to derive, atmospheric vertical profiles of temperature, pressure and humidity, as well as profiles of electron content in the ionosphere. The measurements, generally, are made by using meteorological balloons, able to give a very detailed atmospheric profiles but only on a local scale. From the space, ROSA, flying on a LEO orbit, is able to perform more than 500 atmospheric profiles per day on a global scale, The ROSA instrument is the core of a scientific program, of the same name, promoted by the Italian Space Agency (ASI) to contribute to a better understanding of Climate Change. This program foresees the installation of the ROSA instruments on several space missions and the developments of an ad hoc Ground Segment for the acquisition and processing of the data. The ISRO (Indian Space Research Organization) mission OCEANSAT-2 will be the first mission that will embark ROSA. OCEANSAT-2 is an operative mission for the study of the Ocean that will be launched next July 2007.

  16. Estudo da prevalência de alterações labiais em pescadores da ilha de Santa Catarina = Prevalence of lips pathologies in fishermen of Santa Catarina island

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    Silva, Fabrício Dorigon da

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available São várias as alterações provocadas pela exposição labial continuada e desprotegidas à radiação ultravioleta, com destaque para a Queilite Actínica e o Carcinoma Epidermóide. O objetivo desta pesquisa foi levantar a prevalência de alterações labiais relacionadas à exposição crônica ao sol e estudar a sua relação com outros possíveis fatores etiológicos numa população de pescadores de Florianópolis/SC bem como os dispositivos e métodos de prevenção regularmente utilizados. De uma população de aproximadamente 4000 pescadores filiados a Federação de Pescadores do Estado de Santa Catarina, foram examinados 111 pescadores de 08 comunidades pesqueiras de Florianópolis, no período compreendido entre agosto de 2002 e março de 2003. Todos os participantes voluntários da amostra foram entrevistados e examinados em sedes ou associações das colônias de pescadores incluídas na amostra. As alterações labiais diagnosticadas no exame clínico foram registradas em ficha clínica própria. Dentre as patologias labiais diagnosticadas, destacaram-se 48 casos de queilite actínica, 2 casos de queilite actínica aguda, 3 de leucoplasia, 4 de hiperceratose e 4 suspeitas de Carcinoma Epidermóide. Foram realizadas 22 palestras educativas e distribuídos mais de 350 folhetos com orientações básicas sobre prevenção do câncer de boca; 16 pacientes foram encaminhados para o atendimento especializado no Ambulatório de Estomatologia do Hospital Universitário. O diagnóstico precoce de alterações labiais em pescadores, bem como a conscientização destes sobre os prejuízos da radiação ultra-violeta são fundamentais pelo fato dos mesmos pertencerem a uma população de risco ao desenvolvimento de lesões cancerizáveis e câncer de lábio

  17. Atmospheric corrosion in subtropical areas: XRD and electrochemical study of zinc atmospheric corrosion products in the province of Santa Cruz de Tenerife (Canary Islands, Spain)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Morales, J. [Departamento de Quimica Fisica, Universidad de La Laguna, 38071 La Laguna, Tenerife (Spain)]. E-mail: jmorales@ull.es; Diaz, F. [Departamento de Quimica Fisica, Universidad de La Laguna, 38071 La Laguna, Tenerife (Spain); Hernandez-Borges, J. [Departamento de Quimica Analitica, Nutricion y Bromatologia, Universidad de La Laguna, 38071 La Laguna, Tenerife (Spain); Gonzalez, S. [Departamento de Quimica Fisica, Universidad de La Laguna, 38071 La Laguna, Tenerife (Spain)

    2006-02-15

    In the present paper, zinc sheets have been exposed for 4 years to the action of different atmospheres in 35 test sites located in the province of Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain. Corrosion products formed on the surface of the samples have been identified by means of X-ray diffraction (XRD) for the first and second year of exposure. Zincite, hydrozincite, simonkolleite, zinc chlorohydroxysulphate, zinc oxysulphate and zinc hydroxysulphate have been identified in the test sheets. Preliminary results of an electrochemical study of the breakdown potential of zinc samples are also presented in order to test the protective effect of the film formed on the surface of the samples. It was found that the protective effect of this film increases linearly with exposure time.

  18. Changes in vector species composition and current vector biology and behaviour will favour malaria elimination in Santa Isabel Province, Solomon Islands

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beebe Nigel W

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background In 2009, Santa Isabel Province in the Solomon Islands embarked on a malaria elimination programme. However, very little is known in the Province about the anopheline fauna, which species are vectors, their bionomics and how they may respond to intensified intervention measures. The purpose of this study was to provide baseline data on the malaria vectors and to ascertain the possibility of successfully eliminating malaria using the existing conventional vector control measures, such as indoor residual spraying (IRS and long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLIN. Methods Entomological surveys were undertaken during October 2009. To determine species composition and distribution larval surveys were conducted across on the whole island. For malaria transmission studies, adult anophelines were sampled using human landing catches from two villages - one coastal and one inland. Results Five Anopheles species were found on Santa Isabel: Anopheles farauti, Anopheles hinesorum, Anopheles lungae, Anopheles solomonis, and Anopheles nataliae. Anopheles hinesorum was the most widespread species. Anopheles farauti was abundant, but found only on the coast. Anopheles punctulatus and Anopheles koliensis were not found. Anopheles farauti was the only species found biting in the coastal village, it was incriminated as a vector in this study; it fed early in the night but equally so indoors and outdoors, and had a low survival rate. Anopheles solomonis was the main species biting humans in the inland village, it was extremely exophagic, with low survival rates, and readily fed on pigs. Conclusion The disappearance of the two major vectors, An. punctulatus and An. koliensis, from Santa Isabel and the predominance of An. hinesorum, a non-vector species may facilitate malaria elimination measures. Anopheles farauti was identified as the main coastal vector with An. solomonis as a possible inland vector. The behaviour of An. solomonis is novel as it has

  19. Amira de la Rosa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marina Lamus Obregón

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available Amira de la Rosa. Obra reunida (I: relatos, prosas, teatro. Obra reunida (II: radiofonia, relatos infantiles, poesía, crítica. Enrique Dávila Martínez (compilación e introducción Promigas y Editorial Maremágnum, Bogotá, 2005, 2006, t. I, 558 págs., t. II, 557 págs.

  20. Proactive conservation management of an island-endemic bird species in the face of global change

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morrison, S.A.; Sillett, T. Scott; Ghalambor, Cameron K.; Fitzpatrick, J.W.; Graber, D.M.; Bakker, V.J.; Bowman, R.; Collins, C.T.; Collins, P.W.; Delaney, K.S.; Doak, D.F.; Koenig, W.D.; Laughrin, L.; Lieberman, A.A.; Marzluff, J.M.; Reynolds, M.D.; Scott, J.M.; Stallcup, J.A.; Vickers, W.; Boyce, W.M.

    2011-01-01

    Biodiversity conservation in an era of global change and scarce funding benefits from approaches that simultaneously solve multiple problems. Here, we discuss conservation management of the island scrub-jay (Aphelocoma insularis), the only island-endemic passerine species in the continental United States, which is currently restricted to 250-square-kilometer Santa Cruz Island, California. Although the species is not listed as threatened by state or federal agencies, its viability is nonetheless threatened on multiple fronts. We discuss management actions that could reduce extinction risk, including vaccination, captive propagation, biosecurity measures, and establishing a second free-living population on a neighboring island. Establishing a second population on Santa Rosa Island may have the added benefit of accelerating the restoration and enhancing the resilience of that island's currently highly degraded ecosystem. The proactive management framework for island scrub-jays presented here illustrates how strategies for species protection, ecosystem restoration, and adaptation to and mitigation of climate change can converge into an integrated solution. ?? 2011 by American Institute of Biological Sciences. All rights reserved.

  1. Feedback between ridge and swale bathymetry and barrier island storm response and transgression

    Science.gov (United States)

    Houser, Chris

    2012-11-01

    The shoreface of Santa Rosa Island in northwest Florida is characterized by a ridge and swale bathymetry that forces an alongshore variation in beach and dune morphology. The alongshore variation in dune morphology in turn controls the modern island response to and recovery from tropical storms and hurricanes, and is therefore, an important control on island transgression with relative sea-level rise. Field sampling and remote sensing are used in the present study to describe the geologic framework of Santa Rosa Island, and to elucidate on the origins of the shore-attached ridge and swale bathymetry. Vibracores and seismic and GPR surveys were completed along 42 cross-shore transects and 3 shore-parallel transects to examine the structure of the 21 ridge and swale structures found along Santa Rosa Island. The shore-parallel seismic surveys reveal strong near-horizontal reflectors through the ridges at depths consistent with thick back-barrier muds extracted from vibracores taken across and along the ridges. Near-horizontal reflectors are identified in ground-penetrating radar (GPR) surveys between the ridges and cuspate spits along the back-barrier shoreline, but are not present in the narrow sections of the island landward of the swales. Continuation of the seismic surveys in the back-barrier also reveals near-horizontal reflectors at the cuspate spits that are characterized by seagrass beds, salt marsh and maritime forest. Consistent with the GPR survey, there is an absence of horizontal reflectors between cuspate spits where the washover deposits extend to the back-barrier shoreline. It is argued that the ridge and swale bathymetry is a transgressive surface and the remnants of cuspate spits that are present along the back-barrier shoreline. In this respect, the cuspate spits had to first develop along the back-barrier shoreline and eventually evolve into the mud-cored ridges as the island transgressed with relative sea-level rise. Once the ridge and swale

  2. Biochemical and hematologic reference intervals for the endangered island fox (Urocyon littoralis).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Inoue, Hiromi; Clifford, Deana L; Vickers, T Winston; Coonan, Timothy J; Garcelon, David K; Borjesson, Dori L

    2012-07-01

    Hematologic and serum biochemical data collected must be interpreted by comparison with normal reference intervals generated from healthy animals, within a similar population, because many blood parameters are influenced by diet, environment, and stress. Species-specific reference intervals for the endangered island fox (Urocyon littoralis) are not available. We reviewed hematology and serum biochemistry panels from 280 island foxes sampled from 1999-2008 and established normal reference intervals from clinically healthy foxes using a nonparametric approach. Blood parameters were analyzed for differences in age, sex, island of origin, and captivity status. Alkaline phosphatase, alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, and creatine kinase activities, as well as calcium and phosphorus concentrations, were significantly higher in juveniles than in adults, but total protein and globulin concentration was lower for juveniles than for adults. Lymphocyte and eosinophil counts, and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) concentration, in foxes from the northern Channel islands of California, USA (Santa Cruz, Santa Rosa, and San Miguel) were higher when compared with foxes from Santa Catalina Island to the south. Higher lymphocyte and eosinophil numbers in the northern island foxes may be associated with increased levels of parasitism on the northern islands. Differences in BUN concentration in both free-ranging and captive foxes may reflect dietary differences among islands. Although aggressive conservation programs have been enacted, island foxes are still susceptible to infectious and neoplastic diseases and, potentially, to toxins. Island fox species-specific reference intervals will enable managers and veterinarians to better care for sick and injured foxes and will contribute to future population health monitoring.

  3. Variazioni sulla rosa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irena Prosenc

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Variazioni sulla rosa è l’ultima raccolta di poesie di Antonio Catalfamo, un poliedrico intellettuale siciliano i cui vari interessi culturali si esprimono nel notevole corpus dei testi da lui pubblicati. L’autore è attivo come poeta, saggista, operatore culturale, ricercatore e critico letterario. Ha pubblicato, dal 1989 al 2009, sette raccolte di poesie (Il solco della vita, Origini, Passato e presente, L’eterno cammino, Diario pavesiano, Le gialle colline e il mare e Frammenti di memoria e un libro di racconti (Un filo di sangue, vincendo vari premi letterari.

  4. Santa Catalina Island: Reclaiming a National Treasure. A Report to The Ralph M. Parson’s Foundation

    OpenAIRE

    Parnell, Ed; Miller, Kathy Ann; Dayton, Paul K.

    2006-01-01

    The island of Catalina off southern California has been fished recreationally and commercially for over a century. The marine resources of this popular destination are under increasing pressure as the population of southern California expands rapidly. The effects of this pressure have been dramatic for many marine species off Catalina. Clearly, the marine resources on Catalina are limited while human population growth does not appear to be limited in the near future. Therefore, improved manag...

  5. Coastal erosion hazard and vulnerability using sig tools. Comparison between "La Barra town, Buenaventura, (Pacific Ocean of Colombia) and Providence - Santa Catalina islands (Colombian Caribbean Sea)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coca-Domínguez, Oswaldo; Ricaurte-Villota, Constanza; Morales-Giraldo, David; Rangel-Buitrago, Nelson

    2014-05-01

    Analysis of hazards and vulnerability associated to coastal erosion along coastlines is a first issue in order to establish plans for adaptation to climate change in coastal areas. La Barra Town, Buenaventura (Pacific ocean of Colombia) and Providence - Santa Catalina Islands (Colombian Caribbean) were selected to develop a detailed analysis of coastal erosion hazard and vulnerability from different perspectives: i) physical (hazard) , ii) social , iii) conservation approach and iv) cultural heritage (Raizal). The analysis was made by a semi quantitative approximation method, applying variables associated with the intrinsic coastal zone properties (i.e. type of beach, exposure of the coast to waves, etc.). Coastal erosion data and associated variables as well land use; conservation and heritage data were used to carry out a further detailed analysis of the human - structural vulnerability and exposure to hazards. The data shows erosion rates close to -17 m yr-1 in La Barra Town (highlighting their critical condition and urgent relocation process), while in some sectors of Providence Island, such as Old Town, erosion rate was -5 m yr-1. The observed erosion process affects directly the land use and the local and regional economy. The differences between indexes and the structural and physical vulnerability as well the use of methodological variables are presented in the context of each region. In this work, all the information was worked using a GIS environment since this allows editing and updating the information continuously. The application of this methodology generates useful information in order to promote risk management as well prevention, mitigation and reduction plans. In both areas the adaptation must be a priority strategy to be considered, including relocation alternatives and sustainable protection with the support of studies of uses and future outlooks in the coast. The methodology is framed into the use of GIS tools and it highlights their benefits

  6. Predation of Opuntia monacantha (Willd. Haw. (Cactaceae by Cactoblastis cactorum (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae in a sand bank area of Santa Catarina island, south Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Afonso Inácio Orth

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available The genus Opuntia is worldwide known for its ecological, ornamental and agronomic importance. Some species became pests in the countries in which they where introduced, and as biological control, Cactoblastis cactorum (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae larvae, originary from Argentina, were used. However, the effect of the attack of this piralid on native cactus has yet not been elucidated. The objective of this study was to detect and to quantify the predation of C. cactorum on Opuntia monacantha. The study was carried out from September to November of 2004, along pre-defined tracks, on a sand bank vegetation area, between the Mole and Galheta beaches in the Santa Catarina island (27º35’83.1’’S e 48º25’70.6’’W. All the studied plants (n = 20 presented some damage caused by C. cactorum. The proportion of unpredated cladodes (68% and fruits (85% was higher than the predated ones. Terminal cladodes were highly predated structures and presented the highest number of larvae inside. Seed loss in the predated fruits was high. The remaining areole of the predated cladodes and fruits differentiated into sprouts and routs and formed new plants. O. monacantha, despite of being predated by C. cactorum larvae, apparently possess defense mechanisms which assure the maintenance of its populations.

  7. Seasonal variation in the intensity of movements by the estuarine dolphin, Sotalia guianensis (Cetacea: Delphinidae, in the North Bay, Santa Catarina Island

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo César Simões-Lopes

    2004-05-01

    Full Text Available The resident population of estuarine dolphins (Sotalia guianensis in the North Bay, Santa Catarina Island, southern Brazil, was studied from September 2001 until July 2003 through periodical boat surveys. Using focal-group and sequential sampling, information such as geographical position and behavioral patterns were registered at 5-minute intervals. All the information collected was insert in a GIS database of the study area. Since patterns of seasonal variation concerning home range and behavior had been established in previous work, we aimed at evaluating the existence of seasonal intensity of movements, therefore strengthening the proposed hypothesis of higher spatial requirements when food resources are low. The daily mean speed of the dolphin’s group was used as an index of the intensity of movements, and its seasonal variation throughout the study period was analyzed. We found a statistically significant seasonal variation in the intensity of movement. The dolphins tended to move more in the cold seasons, in contrast with the hot seasons when the dolphins tended to move less. Thus, previous studies are corroborated, supporting the hypothesis og higher spatial requirements when there are fewer food resources.

  8. Distribution and abundance of arthropod species in pasture communities of three Azorean islands (Santa Maria, Terceira and Pico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Borges, P.A.V.

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available This work provides evidence that the "hollow curve" is a consistent pattern in the range size distribution of taxonomic and ecological groups of arthropod pasture dwelling species. Many of the inconsistent results relating range size to herbivores diet breadth are probably due to historical constraints in the colonization of the islands and particular characteristics of the habitats studied (e.g. types of resources available. The positive relationship between range size and abundance may be explained by the "resource usage model". However, the slope of the regression line relating distribution to abundance was similar for different groups which suggests there is no difference in the way that the species’ local abundance scales with distribution in the four assemblages of species studied and that there is a close relationship between the trophic groups studied. This suggests that the “resource availability model” could be the explanation for the distribution and abundance of pasture spider and insect species. More work needs to be conducted in order to evaluate the relationship between diet breadth, habitat specialization and range size in the islands.

  9. Capítulo 5. Los legados de la Rosa Astrea

    OpenAIRE

    Mujica Puntilla, Ramón

    2013-01-01

    No podemos finalizar este estudio sin esbozar a grandes rasgos algunas de las variantes virreinales y republicanas del culto a Santa Rosa de Lima difundido como un mito fundacional "nacionalista". ¿Quiénes eran los legítimos herederos del imperio justo de Rosa, "Aurora de Indias"? La respuesta es compleja y múltiple, pues los españoles, los criollos, los mestizos y los indios, ya fuere como grupo social ο por medio de alianzas políticas, intentaron en algún momento de la historia apropiarse d...

  10. Ramos Rosa e Albano Martins

    OpenAIRE

    2007-01-01

    Este artigo centra-se no diálogo estético entre ramos rosa e Albano Martins, disperso ao longo da obra poética e ensaística dos dois grandes poetas do século XX. This article focus on the aesthetic dialogue between ramos rosa and Albano Martins, dispersed along the poetical work of these great portuguese poets of the 20th century.

  11. Vulnerability Assessment of a Coastal Dune System at São Francisco do Sul Island, Santa Catarina, Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alquini, Fernanda; Bertoni, Duccio; Sarti, Giovanni; Ciccarelli, Daniela; Pozzebon, Alessandro; Ferreira de Melo Júnior, João Carlos; Voos Vieira, Celso

    2016-10-01

    In this paper a Coastal Dune Vulnerability Index (CDVI) has been applied on a beach located in the eastern side of Sao Francisco do Sul Island (Brazil). The aim of this study is to assess the vulnerability of a coastal dune system and to identify the areas that result most sensitive to environmental changes. The CDVI has been applied along six transects traced out on two sectors that have been selected based on dune characteristics: Zone A is characterized by well developed parabolic dunes, whereas Zone B is characterized by transverse dunes. The analysis involved 51 quantitative and qualitative variables, divided into five groups: geomorphological dune system condition, marine influence, Aeolian effect, vegetation condition and human effect. The total CDVI was computed as the unweighted average of the partial vulnerability indices. In summary, the total vulnerability can be classified as medium: the geomorphological factor must be monitored at Grande beach, in particular the blowouts in Zone A and the frontal dune retreat in Zone B. The results of the study confirm that the management of coastal areas might be improved using a tool such as the CDVI, which can be easily applied on a regular basis to take under control the factors that mostly affect the evolution of the site.

  12. 77 FR 76497 - Changes in Flood Hazard Determinations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-28

    ..., Santa Rosa Island Authority (12-04- Pensacola Beach-Santa Authority 2055P). Rosa Island Authority... Development Commissioners, 5334 Division, 6924 South Prince Street, South Lima Street, Littleton, CO 80166... Charlotte, FL Charlotte, FL 33948. 33948. [[Page 76499

  13. Caracterização físico-química e microestrutural de conchas de moluscos bivalves provenientes de cultivos da região litorânea da ilha de Santa Catarina Physical chemistry and micro structural characterization of shells of bivalve mollusks from sea farmer around the Santa Catarina island

    OpenAIRE

    Denyo Silva; Nito Angelo Debacher; Armando Borges de Castilhos Junior; Fabio Rohers

    2010-01-01

    Samples of shells of oysters and mussels from sea farm around the Santa Catarina Island in south Brazil were collected and analyzed by DRX, FRX, SEM, CHN-S, FTIR, TG, AAS/Flame and AAS /GF. The results showed that the crystalline structure of mussel's shells is mainly formed by aragonite and the oyster's shells by calcite. The calcium percentage in both shells species was in the range of 33 to 35% and also 850 and 1200 mg/kg of strontium was detected in the shells of oysters and mussels, resp...

  14. 75 FR 53371 - Environmental Impact Statement; Santa Rosa County, FL

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-31

    ... Decision Making Process and a series of meetings for agencies and the public. To ensure that the full range... (1) taking no action; (2) alternative corridors that would provide for a four-lane rural highway with plans to build two-lanes initially to be widened to a four-lane divided rural facility as needed in...

  15. 77 FR 59950 - Changes in Flood Hazard Determinations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-01

    ..., 6924 arapahoe/. Commissioners, South Lima 5334 South Prince Street, Street, Centennial, CO Littleton...- http:// November 5, 2012..... 125138 Santa Rosa Island Pavlock, Santa Rosa Island www.bakeraecom.com.../. Santa Rosa Island Department, 1 Via Authority Board De Luna Drive, of Commissioners, Pensacola Beach,...

  16. Shallow stratigraphy and paleolandscapes offshore from the Northern Channel Islands

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maloney, J. M.; Braje, T.; Gusick, A. E.; Ho, B.; Ball, D.

    2016-12-01

    New high-resolution Chirp and sidescan sonar data collected on the shelf offshore from the Northern Channel Islands image patterns of sediment distribution since the last glacial maximum (LGM), extensive faulting and deformation, and submerged paleolandscapes that may contain archaeological resources. During the last glacial maximum, the four Northern Channel Islands in the Southern California Bight formed an extensive landmass known as Santarosae. Sea-level transgression since the LGM has inundated over 70% of Santarosae, submerging the shelf around the modern islands. The islands are traversed by numerous faults that extend offshore and marine terraces are observed both onshore and offshore. This area is an ideal landscape to investigate the relationships between sediment supply, eustasy, and tectonics in controlling sediment distribution on continental shelves. Furthermore, the presence of Paleocoastal archaeological sites on the islands suggests that similar sites may be present on the submerged shelf. The new data reveal faulting and deformation associated with the Santa Rosa and Santa Cruz fault zones. Both faults offset acoustic horizons below a regional unconformity interpreted as the transgressive surface. Sediment thickness is variable above the transgressive surface and bedform spatial patterns imaged in the sidescan sonar do not appear to correlate with sediment thickness or depth. In Chirp data, we interpret several filled paleochannels extending across the shelf, some of which appear fault controlled. Along with possible estuarine deposits imaged near the modern submarine canyon, these paleolandforms would have been important resources for people living on Santarosae and may contain archaeological resources. Overall, these data elucidate effects of sea level transgression and patterns of sediment distribution on islands located along an active margin.

  17. Seafloor character from air-photo data-Santa Barbara Channel

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — Seafloor character was derived from interpretations of aerial photograph-derived kelp-distribution data available for Santa Cruz Island in the Santa Barbara Channel,...

  18. Repeated Surveys and Historical Nautical Charts Support Elastic Rebound Model on Megathrust at Santa MARÍA Island, Chile, (37°S) Through One and One-Half Seismic Cycles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wesson, R. L.; Melnick, D.; Cisternas, M.; Ely, L. L.; Moreno, M.

    2010-12-01

    Repeated bathymetric surveys, historical nautical charts, geologic observations, interviews with local residents, and modern GPS measurements all support a pattern of coseismic uplift, followed by post-seismic and inter-seismic subsidence, at Santa María Island off the coast of south-central Chile. The island is located approximately 75 km landward of the Chile trench and about 12 km above the megathrust fault. Six weeks after the February 20, 1835 Concepcion earthquake (~M 8.5), Captain Robert FitzRoy and the HMS Beagle visited the island and reported 2.4-3 m of uplift based primarily on observations of elevated, newly dead, intratidal and subtidal shellfish attached to rocks. The February 27, 2010 Maule earthquake (M 8.8) earthquake produced similar effects. Several lines of evidence suggest significant subsidence between 1835 and 2010. First, the extensive wave-cut platform at the northern end of island that FitzRoy vividly describes as being exposed and covered with dead shellfish in 1835, lay at the lower level of the island’s 2-m tidal range in January 2010. The nautical chart prepared by officers of the Beagle suggests that the platform was above high tide in 1835. An elderly resident reports that in the first half of the twentieth century part of the platform was above high tide. While some lowering of the bedrock platform could be explained by erosion, the amount of required erosion would be very rapid and extensive. GPS measurements for the interval 2004-2008 indicate that the island subsided at a rate of 10 +/- 1 mm/a as well as moving landward at a rate of 42 mm/a. On January 13 and 15, 2010, we carried out a simple echo-sounder survey in the bay off the southeastern coast of Santa María Island. The same bay, Rada Santa Maria, was surveyed by the Beagle in 1835 using a lead line and pole. The bay has a smooth and very gently sloping bottom, an average depth of about 8 m, and dimensions of about 3 x 5 km. Comparison of our measured depths with those

  19. FACT, Mega-ROSA, SOLAROSA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spence, Brian; White, Steve; Schmid, Kevin; Douglas Mark

    2012-01-01

    The Flexible Array Concentrator Technology (FACT) is a lightweight, high-performance reflective concentrator blanket assembly that can be used on flexible solar array blankets. The FACT concentrator replaces every other row of solar cells on a solar array blanket, significantly reducing the cost of the array. The modular design is highly scalable for the array system designer, and exhibits compact stowage, good off-pointing acceptance, and mass/cost savings. The assembly s relatively low concentration ratio, accompanied by a large radiative area, provides for a low cell operating temperature, and eliminates many of the thermal problems inherent in high-concentration-ratio designs. Unlike other reflector technologies, the FACT concentrator modules function on both z-fold and rolled flexible solar array blankets, as well as rigid array systems. Mega-ROSA (Mega Roll-Out Solar Array) is a new, highly modularized and extremely scalable version of ROSA that provides immense power level range capability from 100 kW to several MW in size. Mega-ROSA will enable extremely high-power spacecraft and SEP-powered missions, including space-tug and largescale planetary science and lunar/asteroid exploration missions. Mega-ROSA's inherent broad power scalability is achieved while retaining ROSA s solar array performance metrics and missionenabling features for lightweight, compact stowage volume and affordability. This innovation will enable future ultra-high-power missions through lowcost (25 to 50% cost savings, depending on PV and blanket technology), lightweight, high specific power (greater than 200 to 400 Watts per kilogram BOL (beginning-of-life) at the wing level depending on PV and blanket technology), compact stowage volume (greater than 50 kilowatts per cubic meter for very large arrays), high reliability, platform simplicity (low failure modes), high deployed strength/stiffness when scaled to huge sizes, and high-voltage operation capability. Mega-ROSA is adaptable to

  20. Santa Muerte

    OpenAIRE

    Fraser, A.; The Photographers' Gallery; Trolley Books; Bar-Tur Foundation; Arts Council England

    2015-01-01

    The origins of Santa Muerte - a religion/cult that has been denounced as satanic by the Mexican Catholic Church - can be dated back hundreds of years. It was developed through a syncretism between indigenous Mesoamerican and Spanish Catholic beliefs and practices. Only in the last decade however has it become more predominant in Mexican society, where many commentators have noted its rise with the killing and violence associated with the war between rival drug cartels and the Mexican Governme...

  1. On the importance of stratigraphic control for vertebrate fossil sites in Channel Islands National Park, California, USA: Examples from new Mammuthus finds on San Miguel Island

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pigati, Jeffery S.; Muhs, Daniel R.; McGeehin, John P.

    2016-01-01

    Quaternary vertebrate fossils, most notably mammoth remains, are relatively common on the northern Channel Islands of California. Well-preserved cranial, dental, and appendicular elements of Mammuthus exilis (pygmy mammoth) and Mammuthus columbi (Columbian mammoth) have been recovered from hundreds of localities on the islands during the past half-century or more. Despite this paleontological wealth, the geologic context of the fossils is described in the published literature only briefly or not at all, which has hampered the interpretation of associated 14C ages and reconstruction of past environmental conditions. We recently discovered a partial tusk, several large bones, and a tooth enamel plate (all likely mammoth) at two sites on the northwest flank of San Miguel Island, California. At both localities, we documented the stratigraphic context of the fossils, described the host sediments in detail, and collected charcoal and terrestrial gastropod shells for radiocarbon dating. The resulting 14C ages indicate that the mammoths were present on San Miguel Island between ∼20 and 17 ka as well as between ∼14 and 13 ka (thousands of calibrated 14C years before present), similar to other mammoth sites on San Miguel, Santa Cruz, and Santa Rosa Islands. In addition to documenting the geologic context and ages of the fossils, we present a series of protocols for documenting and reporting geologic and stratigraphic information at fossil sites on the California Channel Islands in general, and in Channel Islands National Park in particular, so that pertinent information is collected prior to excavation of vertebrate materials, thus maximizing their scientific value.

  2. Caracterização físico-química e microestrutural de conchas de moluscos bivalves provenientes de cultivos da região litorânea da ilha de Santa Catarina Physical chemistry and micro structural characterization of shells of bivalve mollusks from sea farmer around the Santa Catarina island

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denyo Silva

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Samples of shells of oysters and mussels from sea farm around the Santa Catarina Island in south Brazil were collected and analyzed by DRX, FRX, SEM, CHN-S, FTIR, TG, AAS/Flame and AAS /GF. The results showed that the crystalline structure of mussel's shells is mainly formed by aragonite and the oyster's shells by calcite. The calcium percentage in both shells species was in the range of 33 to 35% and also 850 and 1200 mg/kg of strontium was detected in the shells of oysters and mussels, respectively. The content of organic matter was larger in the mussel's shells and the thermal degradation of both shells species occurred by three events at different temperatures from 250 to 830 ºC.

  3. Paleoparasitologic, paleogenetic and paleobotanic analysis of XVIII century coprolites from the church La Concepción in Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gijón Botella, Herminia; Afonso Vargas, José A; Arnay de la Rosa, Matilde; Leles, Daniela; González Reimers, Emilio; Vicente, Ana Carolina P; Iñiguez, Alena M

    2010-12-01

    We present the results of a paleoparasitologic, paleogenetic and paleobotanic analysis of coprolites recovered during the excavation of the church La Concepción in Santa Cruz de Tenerife. Coprolites (n = 4) were rehydrated and a multidisciplinary analysis was conducted. The paleobotanic analysis showed numerous silicates, seeds and fruits of the family Moraceae. In the paleoparasitologic study, Ascaris sp. eggs (n = 344) were identified. The paleogenetic results confirmed the Ascaris sp. infection as well as the European origin of human remains. These findings contribute to our knowledge of ancient helminthes infections and are the first paleoparasitological record of Ascaris sp. infection in Spain.

  4. Paleoparasitologic, paleogenetic and paleobotanic analysis of XVIII century coprolites from the church La Concepción in Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Herminia Gijón Botella

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available We present the results of a paleoparasitologic, paleogenetic and paleobotanic analysis of coprolites recovered during the excavation of the church La Concepción in Santa Cruz de Tenerife. Coprolites (n = 4 were rehydrated and a multidisciplinary analysis was conducted. The paleobotanic analysis showed numerous silicates, seeds and fruits of the family Moraceae. In the paleoparasitologic study, Ascaris sp. eggs (n = 344 were identified. The paleogenetic results confirmed the Ascaris sp. infection as well as the European origin of human remains. These findings contribute to our knowledge of ancient helminthes infections and are the first paleoparasitological record of Ascaris sp. infection in Spain.

  5. Biologia reprodutiva de Macrobrachium olfersii (Wiegman (Crustacea, Decapoda, Palaemonidae coletados na Ilha de Santa Catarina, Brasil Reproductive biology of Macrobrachium olfersii (Wiegman (Crustacea, Decapoda, Palaemonidae collected at Santa Catarina's Island, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dib Ammar

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to characterize the reproductive features of Macrobrachium olfersii (Wiegman, 1836 from Santa Catarina's lsland. The animals were collected in freshwater streams of the Ratones Hidrografic Basin (site A1 and at the Peri's Pond (site A2. In the laboratory, the procedures of sexual differentiation were carried out to classify the individuais in males, females or ovigerous females, followed by the determination of total weight (g, quelipod relative weight (g and total length (mm. The eggs were removed from the ovigerous females and counted. Sexual maturity and fecundity were analyzed based in the dimensions and number of eggs carried by ovigerous females. The water temperature on the capture sites varied from 17 to 29ºC throughout the months of study. A total of 503 individuais were captured, with 129 individuais from site A1 and 374 from site A2. The mean total size and length was 49.65 mm and 3.79 g for the males, 38.75 mm and 1.61 g for the females and 36.19 mm and 1.08 g for the ovigerous females. At the sites A1 and A2, the individual sexual maturity was reached with 27.3 and 21.2 mm of total length, respectively, while populational sexual maturity was estimated for the 45.0 to 50.0 mm class at site A1 and for the 30.0 to 35.0 mm class at site A2. The ovigerous females carried an average of 3464 eggs at site A1, and 1440 eggs at site A2. These reproductive features, presented by M. olfersii, show the species' plasticity, which can be associated with environmental variations, contributing to its reproductive success.

  6. Tracking the origins and diet of an endemic island canid (Urocyon littoralis) across 7300 years of human cultural and environmental change

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hofman, Courtney A.; Rick, Torben C.; Maldonado, Jesús E.; Collins, Paul W.; Erlandson, Jon M.; Fleischer, Robert C.; Smith, Chelsea; Sillett, T. Scott; Ralls, Katherine; Teeter, Wendy; Vellanoweth, René L.; Newsome, Seth D.

    2016-08-01

    Understanding how human activities have influenced the foraging ecology of wildlife is important as our planet faces ongoing and impending habitat and climatic change. We review the canine surrogacy approach (CSA)-a tool for comparing human, dog, and other canid diets in the past-and apply CSA to investigate possible ancient human resource provisioning in an endangered canid, the California Channel Islands fox (Urocyon littoralis). We conducted stable isotope analysis of bone collagen samples from ancient and modern island foxes (n = 214) and mainland gray foxes (Urocyon cinereoargenteus, n = 24). We compare these data to isotope values of ancient humans and dogs, and synthesize 29 Accelerator Mass Spectrometry (AMS) radiocarbon dates that fine-tune the chronology of island foxes. AMS dates confirm that island foxes likely arrived during the early Holocene (>7300 cal BP) on the northern islands in the archipelago and during the middle Holocene (>5500 cal BP) on the southern islands. We found no evidence that island foxes were consistently using anthropogenic resources (e.g., food obtained by scavenging around human habitation sites or direct provisioning by Native Americans), except for a few individuals on San Nicolas Island and possibly on San Clemente and Santa Rosa islands. Decreases in U. littoralis carbon and nitrogen isotope values between prehistoric times and the 19th century on San Nicolas Island suggest that changes in human land use from Native American hunter-gatherer occupations to historical ranching had a strong influence on fox diet. Island foxes exhibit considerable dietary variation through time and between islands and have adapted to a wide variety of climatic and cultural changes over the last 7300 years. This generalist foraging strategy suggests that endemic island foxes may be resilient to future changes in resource availability.

  7. Lipídios em sedimentos arqueológicos: resultados preliminares do sítio arqueológico Rio do Meio, Ilha de Santa Catarina (SC Lipids in archaeological sediments: preliminary results of the archaeological site Rio do Meio, Santa Catarina Island (SC, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabrício Augusto Hansel

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho foi realizado com o objetivo de avaliar a distribuição de lipídios em sedimentos arqueológicos do sítio Rio do Meio, Ilha de Santa Catarina. Nos extratos totais de lipídios, analisados por cromatografia gasosa e espectrometria de massas (CG e CG-EM, predominaram os compostos ácidos e álcoois saturados. Foram detectados pelo menos dois tipos de matéria orgânica: uma antiga e outra comparativamente recente. Na primeira, o extrato total de lipídios foi dominado por ácidos graxos de cadeias curtas ( Ac20:0 e Al20:0. Em contraste, na deposição classificada como recente, foram identificados em maiores teores os ácidos e álcoois de cadeias longas (> Ac20:0 e Al20:0. Neste estudo, foi possível observar a incorporação de material orgânico procedente de fontes de origem vegetal, bacteriana e, possivelmente, animal (gorduras nos sedimentos arqueológicos analisados.In this study the distribution of lipid compounds was evaluated in sediment samples of an archaeological site Rio do Meio, Santa Catarina Island, Brazil. In the total lipid extracts, analyzed by gas chromatography and mass spectrometry (GC and GC-MS, saturated fatty acids and alcohols were predominant. At least two sources of organic matter were detected, an older and a more recent one. In the old deposit, the most abundant lipids were short-chain fatty acids ( Ac20:0 and Al20:0. In contrast, the fresh deposit was dominated by long-chain fatty acids and alcohols (> Ac20:0 and Al20:0. This paper described the incorporation of vegetal, bacterial and possible animal (fat sources into the archaeological sediments analyzed.

  8. O papel do sistema pecuário familiar na qualidade de vida dos agricultores-criadores das comunidades Monte Macaco e Santa Margarida - Ilha de São Tomé The paper of familiar pecuniary system in the life quality of: livestock smallholders of Monte Macaco and Santa Margarida comunities - São Tomé Island

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luís Filipe Bandeira Bonfim

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available O estudo visa levantar problemas prioritários e propor estratégias e acções que o sistema pecuário familiar pode desempenhar para redução da pobreza e melhoria da qualidade de vida das Comunidades Monte Macaco e Santa Margarida na Ilha de São Tomé. Não é conclusivo, mas aponta como principal causa das dificuldades a falta de dinheiro para fazer face a problemas sanitários, de alojamento e de alimentação para animais, situação agravada pelo roubo destes e mau funcionamento das Associações. A discussão sobre as causas levou à proposta de soluções tendentes a ultrapassar as dificuldades. Os agricultores-criadores propõem a elaboração de um projecto de intervenção para melhorar o sistema e a qualidade de vida. Nesse sentido, o estudo sugere realização de uma oficina comunitária, planeamento participativo e um inquérito formal concomitante.The study aimed to identify main problems and find out strategies and actions to be taken by livestock smallholders to reduce poverty and improve quality of life of Monte Macaco and Santa Margarida Comunities of São Tomé Island. Although it is inconclusive, the result shows that lack of fïnancing support to invest on animal health, housing and feeding is the main constraint for livestock smalholders production and it becomes worst due to animal robbery and weakness of Comunnity Associations. Discussion about causes led to the proposal of actions to overcome difficulties. Livestock smallholders suggested an intervention project to enhance the system and the quality of life. In this sense, there should be workshops, leading to the participative planning of Community and based on formal surveys.

  9. ROSA full-core and DNBR capabilities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gibcus, H.P.M.; Verhagen, F.C.M.; Wakker, P.H. [NRG, Arnhem (Netherlands)

    2012-11-01

    This paper presents the latest developments of the ROSA (Reloading Optimization by Simulated Annealing) code system with an emphasis on the first full-core version and the minimum DNBR (Departure from Nucleate Boiling Ratio) as a new optimization parameter. Designing the core loading pattern of nuclear power plants is becoming a more and more complex task. This task becomes even more complicated if asymmetries in the core loading pattern arise, for instance due to damaged fuel assemblies. For over almost two decades ROSA, NRG's (Nuclear Research and consultancy Group) loading pattern optimization code system for PWRs, has proven to be a valuable tool to reactor operators in accomplishing this task. To improve the use of ROSA for designing asymmetric loading patterns, NRG has developed a full-core version of ROSA besides the original quarter-core version which requires rotational symmetry in the computational domain. The extension of ROSA with DNBR as an optimization parameter is part of ROSA's continuous development. (orig.)

  10. ROSA full-core and DNBR capabilities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gibcus, H.P.M.; Verhagen, F.C.M.; Wakker, P.H. [NRG, Arnhem (Netherlands)

    2013-06-15

    The latest developments of the ROSA (Reloading Optimization by Simulated Annealing) code system with an emphasis on the first full-core version and the minimum DNBR (Departure from Nucleate Boiling Ratio) as a new optimization parameter are presented. Designing the core loading pattern of nuclear power plants is becoming a more and more complex task. This task becomes even more complicated if asymmetries in the core loading pattern arise, for instance due to damaged fuel assemblies. For over almost 2 decades ROSA, NRG's (Nuclear Research and consultancy Group) loading pattern optimization code system for PWRs, has proven to be a valuable tool to reactor operators in accomplishing this task. To improve the use of ROSA for designing asymmetric loading patterns, NRG has developed a full-core version of ROSA besides the original quarter-core version which requires rotational symmetry in the computational domain. The extension of ROSA with DNBR as an optimization parameter is part of ROSA's continuous development. (orig.)

  11. Fire history on the California Channel Islands spanning human arrival in the Americas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hardiman, Mark; Scott, Andrew C; Pinter, Nicholas; Anderson, R Scott; Ejarque, Ana; Carter-Champion, Alice; Staff, Richard A

    2016-06-05

    Recent studies have suggested that the first arrival of humans in the Americas during the end of the last Ice Age is associated with marked anthropogenic influences on landscape; in particular, with the use of fire which, would have given even small populations the ability to have broad impacts on the landscape. Understanding the impact of these early people is complicated by the dramatic changes in climate occurring with the shift from glacial to interglacial conditions. Despite these difficulties, we here attempt to test the extent of anthropogenic influence using the California Channel Islands as a smaller, landscape-scale test bed. These islands are famous for the discovery of the 'Arlington Springs Man', which are some of the earliest human remains in the Americas. A unifying sedimentary charcoal record is presented from Arlington Canyon, Santa Rosa Island, based on over 20 detailed sedimentary sections from eight key localities. Radiocarbon dating was based on thin, fragile, long fragments of charcoal in order to avoid the 'inbuilt' age problem. Radiocarbon dating of 49 such fragments has allowed inferences regarding the fire and landscape history of the Canyon ca 19-11 ka BP. A significant period of charcoal deposition is identified approximately 14-12.5 ka BP and bears remarkable closeness to an estimated age range of the first human arrival on the islands.This article is part of the themed issue 'The interaction of fire and mankind'.

  12. Late Quaternary sea-level history and the antiquity of mammoths (Mammuthus exilis and Mammuthus columbi), Channel Islands NationalPark, California, USA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muhs, Daniel R.; Simmons, Kathleen R.; Groves, Lindsey T.; McGeehin, John P.; Schumann, R. Randall; Agenbroad, Larry D.

    2015-01-01

    Fossils of Columbian mammoths (Mammuthus columbi) and pygmy mammoths (Mammuthus exilis) have been reported from Channel Islands National Park, California. Most date to the last glacial period (Marine Isotope Stage [MIS] 2), but a tusk of M. exilis (or immature M. columbi) was found in the lowest marine terrace of Santa Rosa Island. Uranium-series dating of corals yielded ages from 83.8 ± 0.6 ka to 78.6 ± 0.5 ka, correlating the terrace with MIS 5.1, a time of relatively high sea level. Mammoths likely immigrated to the islands by swimming during the glacial periods MIS 6 (~ 150 ka) or MIS 8 (~ 250 ka), when sea level was low and the island–mainland distance was minimal, as during MIS 2. Earliest mammoth immigration to the islands likely occurred late enough in the Quaternary that uplift of the islands and the mainland decreased the swimming distance to a range that could be accomplished by mammoths. Results challenge the hypothesis that climate change, vegetation change, and decreased land area from sea-level rise were the causes of mammoth extinction at the Pleistocene/Holocene boundary on the Channel Islands. Pre-MIS 2 mammoth populations would have experienced similar or even more dramatic changes at the MIS 6/5.5 transition.

  13. Ocurrence of Vibrio spp., positive coagulase staphylococci and enteric bacteria in oysters (Crassostrea gigas harvested in the south bay of Santa Catarina island, Brazil Ocorrência de Vibrio spp., estafilococos coagulase positivo e bactérias entéricas em ostras (Crassostrea gigas cultivadas na baía sul da ilha de Santa Catarina, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberta Juliano Ramos

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to assess the contamination of oysters (Crassostrea gigas, harvested in six different regions of the South Bay of Santa Catarina Island, with Coliforms at 45 ºC, Escherichia coli, Vibrio spp., positive coagulase staphylococci, and Salmonella sp. over a period of one year. One hundred eighty oyster samples were collected directly from their culture sites and analyzed. Each sample consisted of a pool of 12 oysters. All of the samples analyzed showed absence of Salmonella, 18 (10% samples showed presence of Escherichia coli, 15 (8.3% samples were positive for V. alginolyticus, and Vibriocholerae was detected in 4 samples (2.2%. The counts of positive-coagulase staphylococci varied from O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a contaminação de ostras (Crassostrea gigas cultivadas em diferentes regiões da Baía Sul da Ilha de Santa Catarina, por coliformes a 45 ºC, Escherichia coli, Vibrio spp. Estafilococos coagulase positiva e Salmonella sp., durante o período de um ano. Foram analisadas 180 amostras, coletadas diretamente no local de cultivo. Todas as amostras analisadas apresentaram ausência de Salmonella, 18 (10% amostras apresentaram presença de Escherichia coli, 15 (8,3% amostras positivas para Vibrio alginolyticus e V. cholerae foi detectado em 4 amostras (2,2%. As contagens de Estafilococos coagulase positiva variaram de <10 a 1,9 x 102 UFC.g-1, enquanto que as contagens de coliformes a 45 ºC e E. coli variaram de <3 a 1,5 x 102 NMP.g-1 e <3 e 4,3 x 10 NMP.g-1, respectivamente. As contagens de V. parahaemolyticus e V. vulnificus variaram de <3 a 7 NMP.g-1, para ambos os microrganismos, sugerindo um monitoramento tanto destas espécies quanto da temperatura das águas marinhas nas regiões de cultivo. Com base nos resultados das análises microbiológicas, as amostras analisadas mostraram qualidade bacteriológica aceitável, ou seja, dentro dos parâmetros estabelecidos na legislação brasileira.

  14. CHARACTERIZATION OF ENDOPHYTIC MICROFLORA OF ROSA CANINA FRUITS

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Katarína Rovná; Ladislav Bakay; Jana Petrová; Margarita Terentjeva; Jana Cerná; Miroslava Kacániová

    2015-01-01

      There aren't a lot of studies about the bacterial communities associated with the Rosa canina and the aim of this study was to characterize endophytic bacteria from fruit of Rosa canina. The fruits of R...

  15. Blue whale habitat and prey in the California Channel Islands

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fiedler, Paul C.; Reilly, Stephen B.; Hewitt, Roger P.; Demer, David; Philbrick, Valerie A.; Smith, Susan; Armstrong, Wesley; Croll, Donald A.; Tershy, Bernie R.; Mate, Bruce R.

    1998-08-01

    Whale Habitat and Prey Studies were conducted off southern California during August 1995 (WHAPS95) and July 1996 (WHAPS96) to (1) study the distribution and activities of blue whales and other large whales, (2) survey the distribution of prey organisms (krill), and (3) measure physical and biological habitat variables that influence the distribution of whales and prey. A total of 1307 cetacean sightings included 460 blue whale, 78 fin whale and 101 humpback whale sightings. Most blue whales were found in cold, well-mixed and productive water that had upwelled along the coast north of Point Conception and then advected south. They were aggregated in this water near San Miguel and Santa Rosa Islands, where they fed on dense, subsurface layers of euphausiids both on the shelf and extending off the shelf edge. Two species of euphausiids were consumed by blue whales, Thysanoessa spinifera and Euphausia pacifica, with evidence of preference for the former, a larger and more coastal species. These krill patches on the Channel Island feeding grounds are a resource exploited during summer-fall by the world's largest stock of blue whales.

  16. Probabilistic prediction of barrier-island response to hurricanes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plant, Nathaniel G.; Stockdon, Hilary F.

    2012-01-01

    Prediction of barrier-island response to hurricane attack is important for assessing the vulnerability of communities, infrastructure, habitat, and recreational assets to the impacts of storm surge, waves, and erosion. We have demonstrated that a conceptual model intended to make qualitative predictions of the type of beach response to storms (e.g., beach erosion, dune erosion, dune overwash, inundation) can be reformulated in a Bayesian network to make quantitative predictions of the morphologic response. In an application of this approach at Santa Rosa Island, FL, predicted dune-crest elevation changes in response to Hurricane Ivan explained about 20% to 30% of the observed variance. An extended Bayesian network based on the original conceptual model, which included dune elevations, storm surge, and swash, but with the addition of beach and dune widths as input variables, showed improved skill compared to the original model, explaining 70% of dune elevation change variance and about 60% of dune and shoreline position change variance. This probabilistic approach accurately represented prediction uncertainty (measured with the log likelihood ratio), and it outperformed the baseline prediction (i.e., the prior distribution based on the observations). Finally, sensitivity studies demonstrated that degrading the resolution of the Bayesian network or removing data from the calibration process reduced the skill of the predictions by 30% to 40%. The reduction in skill did not change conclusions regarding the relative importance of the input variables, and the extended model's skill always outperformed the original model.

  17. Reduced oxide soldering activation (ROSA) PWB solderability testing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hernandez, C.L.; Hosking, F.M. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Physical and Joining Metallurgy Dept.; Reed, J. [Texas Instruments, Austin, TX (United States); Tench, D.M.; White, J. [Rockwell Science Center, Thousand Oaks, CA (United States)

    1996-02-01

    The effect of ROSA pretreatment on the solderability of environmentally stressed PWB test coupons was investigated. The PWB surface finish was an electroplated, reflowed solder. Test results demonstrated the ability to recover plated-through-hole fill of steam aged samples with solder after ROSA processing. ROSA offers an alternative method for restoring the solderability of aged PWB surfaces.

  18. 华硕Santa Rosa九款新品齐出炉

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ 5月9日,英特尔正式发布第四代迅驰平台Santa Rosa,以取代现有的Napa平台.与此同时,全球前四大笔记本厂商之一华硕也保持惯有的高速步调,一口气推出A8Sc,G1S,G2S,F3S,W7S等9款Santa Rosa笔记本,以空前强大的新品阵营将移动计算应用推至新高.

  19. De wilde rozen (Rosa L.) van Nederland

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bakker, Piet A.; Maes, Bert N.C.M.; Kruijer, Hans J.D.

    2011-01-01

    Dit artikel in boekvorm biedt nieuwe inzichten in het complexe geslacht Rosa L. en presenteert een systematische bewerking van de in Nederland in het wild voorkomende rozensoorten. In inleidende hoofdstukken worden de cultuurhistorie, biologie, morfologie, genetica, taxonomie en ecologie van rozen

  20. Comportamiento de los cultivares de papaya Sunset, Sunrise y de los genotipos Baixinho de Santa Amalia y BH - 65 en la zona sur de la isla de Tenerife Behavior of papaya cultivars Sunset, Sunrise and genotypes of 'Baixinho de Santa Amalia' and BH- 65 in the south of Tenerife island

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Cristina Rodríguez Pastor

    2010-12-01

    semejante, si bien tienen menor porte en el primer año de cultivo (142,9 y 138,8cm menor altura a la primera flor (40,6 y 42,2 cm y menor longitud de entrenudos (1,4 y 1,3 cm.Las características descriptivas de los frutos son muy parecidas sin existir diferencias significativas entre ellas. Los frutos tienen buen tamaño (13,74 x 7,81 cm y (12,68 x 7,98 cm y peso (392,92 y 418,8 g. y una producción excelente, cualidades de gran interés para el cultivo de la papaya bajo invernadero.The history of the papaya (Carica papaya, L. in the Canary Islands came to show the viability of this crop under greenhouse and the possibility of further expansion in short term due to the introduction, over the last years, of high-quality of commercial cultivars from Hawaii ('Sunrise' and Brazil 'Baixinho de Santa Amalia'(BSA. In this work it was studied the growth, development and productivity of the cultivars Sunset, Sunrise and the genotype BH-65, and 'Baixinho de Santa Amalia', and the morphological and organoleptic characteristics of the fruits, in order to continue with the selection of those cultivars that best adapted and agree with the market requirements, maintain a good productivity in marginal areas for banana production and serve as a basis for future breeding programs. The results show that the highest flowering percentages took place in May (6 months after being planted in hermaphrodite plants for all cultivars, corresponding to 'Sunset' and 'Sunrise' the maximum percentages (80 and 90.4%, respectively. The number of leaves emitted monthly is similar in all cultivars, between 7.5 and 7.8. The female plants of 'Sunrise'and the hermaphrodites of 'Sunset' have greater diameter, and in addition, the last cultivar is precocious in blooming and the fruits are bigger in size and weight. Note also that at the consumption point of the fruit, the cultivar Sunrise showed the highest total soluble solids content (10.33 ° Brix. Moreover, hermaphrodite fruits of 'Sunrise' are the first to

  1. Santa and the Moon

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Barthel, P.

    2012-01-01

    This article reflects on the use of illustrations of the Moon in images of Santa Claus, on Christmas gift-wrapping paper and in children's books, in two countries which have been important in shaping the image of Santa Claus and his predecessor Sinterklaas: the USA and the Netherlands. The appearanc

  2. Santa and the Moon

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Barthel, P.

    This article reflects on the use of illustrations of the Moon in images of Santa Claus, on Christmas gift-wrapping paper and in children's books, in two countries which have been important in shaping the image of Santa Claus and his predecessor Sinterklaas: the USA and the Netherlands. The

  3. Estado nutrimental del agroecosistema rosa (Rosa spp. en la ladera este del Iztaccíhuatl

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Steinger Cortés Jiménez

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Aproximadamente 3000 ha se encuentran plantadas con rosas (Rosa spp. en el estado de Puebla. El valor estimado generado por esta actividad es 625 millones de pesos y permite incorporar a la mujer a la economía regional. El uso de fertilización nitrogenada en rosa de corte, mayor a 7000 kg ha-1, es excesiva y afecta la salud del suelo y la economía de los productores. Los objetivos del trabajo fueron: (1 evaluar el estado actual de la fertilidad de los suelos en la zona de producción de rosa del DDR 05 San Martín Texmelucan y (2 estudiar el efecto del aporte de tres fuentes de materia orgánica en la producción, calidad y estado nutrimental de tres variedades de rosas, así como en la condición física de los suelos. Para ello se evaluaron algunas propiedades químicas en muestras de suelo de 112 invernaderos localizados en cuatro unidades edafoclimáticas. Se usaron tres tipos de materia orgánica (MO: compost comercial, estiércol de bovino y gallinaza y tres variedades de rosa: Anastasia, Selena y Latin. El diseño fue completamente al azar modificado y se realizaron análisis de varianza y comparaciones de medias. Los suelos presentaron condiciones de fertilidad contrastantes. La gallinaza aumentó el rendimiento en la variedad Anastasia y el compost en la variedad Selena. La calidad de las tres variedades de rosas aumentó con el aporte de las tres fuentes de MO a los tres meses, pero disminuyó a los nueve meses. Las tres fuentes de MO aportaron niveles similares de macroelementos a la planta y mejoraron la condición física del suelo al aumentar el porcentaje de macroagregados en todos los tratamientos. El mayor porcentaje de macroagregados se obtuvo por la adición de compost en los suelos con las variedades Anastasia y Selena. Los suelos de los invernaderos del agrosistema rosa (Rosa spp. presentaron características químicas y condiciones de fertilidad contrastantes, producto de una variabilidad edafoclimática. Las fuentes de

  4. La vita vera: note su Rosa Luxemburg

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clotilde Barbarulli

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Rosa Luxemburg was a political theorist of the working class movement and the leader of German Social Democracy. Altough she was deeply involved in the political events of her period, in the context of that inhuman and exploiting society, Rosa never resigned the pursuit of happiness. From her prison, where she was confined many times because of her involvement in the propaganda against the war, she continued to speak about the importance to be and remain humans. So, while she goes with studying botany, she likes to look at the clouds and the lovely titmice from the window of her cell. She knows she may venture her life, if necessary, but she feels the possible death thought as nothing more than a «pensiero atroce» (a nasty thought.

  5. Materials and Structures Optimization / Process Development for the Mega-ROSA / ROSA Solar Array Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Deployable Space Systems, Inc. (DSS), in collaboration with the University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB), Department of Mechanical Engineering, will focus the...

  6. La España de Rosas Blancas = The Spain of Rosas Blancas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Óscar Gual Boronat

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Mediante la lectura del cuaderno femenino español Rosas blancas, publicado por la editorial Toray entre 1958 y 1965, tratamos de estudiar la capacidad del cómic para reflejar el papel de la mujer durante una de las etapas clave de la dictadura franquista. Tras trazar un recorrido por los tebeos sentimentales de la década de 1940 (Azucena y las primeras revistas modernas para niñas (Florita y Sissi, analizaremos el contenido de dicha publicación. En ese análisis percibiremos cómo Rosas blancas prolongará determinados mitos de aquellas historietas al tiempo que introducirá nuevas perspectivas en consonancia con lo que estaba sucediendo en la sociedad española.Through the reading of the Spanish female comic-book Rosas blancas, published by Editorial Toray between 1958 and 1965, we try to explore the ability of comics to reflect the role of women during the key stages of the Franco dictatorship. After a study of the sentimental comics of the 1940s (Azucena and the first modern magazines for girls (Florita and Sissi, we analyse the content of this publication. In this analysis we perceive how Rosas blancas extend certain myths while those cartoons introduce new perspectives in line with what was happening in the Spanish society.

  7. The Myth of "Rosa Parks the Tired." Teaching about Rosa Parks and the Montgomery Bus Boycott.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kohl, Herbert

    1993-01-01

    Retells the story of Rosa Parks and the Montgomery (Alabama) bus boycott to reflect more accurately the cultural and historical background of the boycott and the conscious decision made by Mrs. Parks. Accurate examination of the story actually enhances a child's ability to identify with the issues and the protagonists. (SLD)

  8. Environmental Assessment: Western Range Instrumentation Modernization Program Vandenberg Air Force Base, Santa Barbara County, and Pillar Point Air Force Station, San Mateo County California

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-09-03

    Ynez, CA University of California, Library, Santa Barbara, CA University of California, Museum of Systematics & Ecology, Santa Barbara, CA U.S. Fish...Arnold, R.A. 1983. Ecological studies of six endangered butterflies ( Lepidoptera : Lycaenidae): island biogeography, patch dynamics, and the design of...of Vandenberg AFB, Santa Barbara County, California. Museum of Systematics and Ecology, Report No. 4, University of California, Santa Barbara, in

  9. The effect of seed size variation in Quercus pacifica on seedling establishment and growth

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mario B. Pesendorfer

    2015-01-01

    Quercus pacifica, the island scrub-oak, is the dominant species in oak chaparral on the three largest California Channel Islands. While the population on Santa Cruz Island has experienced a strong recovery, the populations on Santa Rosa and Santa Catalina islands are of conservation concern, and managers are actively restoring oak habitat by...

  10. 玫瑰与月季的前世今生%Past and Present of Rosa rugosa and Rosa chinensis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王辉; 刘承源

    2014-01-01

    The growth habits of Rosa multilfora, Rosa chinensis, Rosa rugosa and the method to distinguish these three plants are introduced. Their evolutional history and cultural history are discussed. Botanical classification of Rosa multilfora and horticultural classification of Rosa chinensis are also summarized. Finally, five rose gardens in China are introduced.%本文首先介绍了蔷薇、月季、玫瑰三者的生长习性及如何加以区别;之后,简介了各自的演化历史及栽培简史;同时,对蔷薇的植物学分类及月季的园艺学分类加以概述;最后,简介了中国5个月季专类园。

  11. Ilha de Santa Catarina

    OpenAIRE

    Nopes, Adriano

    2007-01-01

    Dissertação (mestrado) - Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Centro de Filosofia E Ciências Humanas. Programa de Pós-Graduação em Sociologia Política Este trabalho tem como foco de análise o processo de modernização na Praia dos Ingleses, um bairro atual situado no extremo norte da Ilha de Santa Catarina. Como referencial teórico da modernidade, utilizamos pensadores contemporâneos como Berman, Giddens e Habermas; para estes autores a modernização é compreendida como um fenômeno comple...

  12. Phenolic antioxidants from Rosa soulieana flowers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Chunyan; Li, Fu; Zhang, Xiaolong; Wang, Lun; Zhou, Zhiqiong; Wang, Mingkui

    2013-01-01

    Rosa soulieana has been widely used in traditional medicine to treat cardiovascular disorders. In this study, antioxidant activity-guided fractionation and purification of the methanol extract from the flowers of R. soulieana has led to the isolation of nine phenolic antioxidants, which were identified as catechin (1), tiliroside (2), astragalin (3), isoquercitrin (4), nicotiflorin (5), eugenol 4-O-β-d-(6'-O-galloyl) glucoside (6), michehedyosides D (7), citrusin C (8) and strictinin (9), respectively. Among them, compounds 5-9 were reported from the genus Rosa for the first time. All the compounds were also assayed by in vitro ABTS [2,2'-azinobis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonic acid) diammonium salt] radical cation scavenging activity. Among these bioactive isolates (1-9), compounds 1, 6, 7 and 9 exhibited strong scavenging activity in ABTS (SC50 = 10.17, 7.38, 8.60, 4.72 μmol/L, respectively) compared with the positive control l-ascorbic acid (SC50 = 15.97 μmol/L).

  13. The Santa Ana Partnership

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cournoyer, David, Ed.

    2004-01-01

    One of the priority interests of the W.K. Kellogg Foundation is to connect the knowledge and resources of institutions with communities in order to improve the quality of life in community. Partnerships achieve uncommon results. In Santa Ana, California, an unusual partnership of public schools, community college, universities, community…

  14. Groundwater quality in the Santa Clara River Valley, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burton, Carmen A.; Landon, Matthew K.; Belitz, Kenneth

    2011-01-01

    The Santa Clara River Valley (SCRV) study unit is located in Los Angeles and Ventura Counties, California, and is bounded by the Santa Monica, San Gabriel, Topatopa, and Santa Ynez Mountains, and the Pacific Ocean. The 460-square-mile study unit includes eight groundwater basins: Ojai Valley, Upper Ojai Valley, Ventura River Valley, Santa Clara River Valley, Pleasant Valley, Arroyo Santa Rosa Valley, Las Posas Valley, and Simi Valley (California Department of Water Resources, 2003; Montrella and Belitz, 2009). The SCRV study unit has hot, dry summers and cool, moist winters. Average annual rainfall ranges from 12 to 28 inches. The study unit is drained by the Ventura and Santa Clara Rivers, and Calleguas Creek. The primary aquifer system in the Ventura River Valley, Ojai Valley, Upper Ojai Valley, and Simi Valley basins is largely unconfined alluvium. The primary aquifer system in the remaining groundwater basins mainly consists of unconfined sands and gravels in the upper portion and partially confined marine and nonmarine deposits in the lower portion. The primary aquifer system in the SCRV study unit is defined as those parts of the aquifers corresponding to the perforated intervals of wells listed in the California Department of Public Health (CDPH) database. Public-supply wells typically are completed in the primary aquifer system to depths of 200 to 1,100 feet below land surface (bls). The wells contain solid casing reaching from the land surface to a depth of about 60-700 feet, and are perforated below the solid casing to allow water into the well. Water quality in the primary aquifer system may differ from the water in the shallower and deeper parts of the aquifer. Land use in the study unit is approximately 40 percent (%) natural (primarily shrubs, grassland, and wetlands), 37% agricultural, and 23% urban. The primary crops are citrus, avocados, alfalfa, pasture, strawberries, and dry beans. The largest urban areas in the study unit are the cities of

  15. Presencia de vectores de leishmaniosis cutánea y visceral en la Isla de Santa Cruz de Mompox, Departamento de Bolívar, Colombia Vectors of cutaneous and visceral Leishmaniosis in San Cruz de Mompox island, Bolívar, Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iván Darío Vélez Bernal

    1994-04-01

    Full Text Available

    Se realizó una prospección entomológica en la Isla de Santa Cruz de Mompox entre los días 23 y 29 de diciembre de 1993, con el fin de determinar si se trata de una zona de riesgo potencial de Infección por Leishmania; para ello se practicaron capturas de flebotomíneos en sitios de reposo diurno y con trampas de luz tipo CDC y Shannon, colocadas simultáneamente en el perl y el extradomicilio. Se colectaron 367 ejemplares de flebotomíneos cuya Identificación demostró por primera vez la presencia en la Isla de siete especies de Lutzomyia entre las cuales se encuentran Lu. panamensis y Lu. gomezi, vectoras de leishmaniosis cutánea y Lu. evansi vectora principal de la forma visceral en la Costa Caribe Colombiana; el hallazgo demuestra que la isla es una zona de riesgo potencial para leishmaniosis cutánea y visceral.

    An entomological survey was carried out at the island of Santa Cruz of Mompox between December 23 and 29, 1993, In order to determine if there is a potential risk for Leishmania infection. Phlebotominae were captured at sites of diurnal rest as well as using CDC and Shannon light traps, simultaneously located at extra and peridomiciliary sites. 367 specimens were collected, among them 7 species of Lutzomyia including Lu. panamensis and Lu. gomezi vectors of cutaneous leishmaniosis; also Lu. evansi, the main vector of visceral leishmaniosis In the Colombian Caribbean Coast. This is the first report implicating this island as a potential risk site for cutaneous and visceral leishmaniosis.

  16. 76 FR 75453 - Restricted Areas and Danger Zones at Eglin Air Force Base, FL

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-02

    ... follows: Sec. 334.700 Choctawhatchee Bay, aerial gunnery ranges, Air Armament Center, Eglin Air Force Base... Mexico adjacent to Santa Rosa Island, Headquarters Air Armament Center, Eglin Air Force Base, Fla. (a... Santa Rosa Island, Armament Center, Eglin Air Force Base, Fla. (a) The areas. (1) The danger zone....

  17. ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY OF ROSA CANINA FLOWERS AGAINST SELECTED MICROORGANISMS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katarína Rovná

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Rosa canina flowers were screened against various plant pathogenic microbial strains to study the antimicrobial properties of the plant. Ethanolic and methanolic extracts of flowers were screened applying agar well diffusion method against two Gram-negative bacteria including Escherichia coli CCM 3988 and Pseudomonas aeruginosa CCM 1960 and three microscopic filamentous fungi strains Aspergillus niger, Fusarium culmorum and Alternaria alternata, respectively. The best antimicrobial effect of ethanolic extract of Rosa canina flowers was found against Pseudomonas aeruginosa and the best antimicrobial effect of methanolic extract of Rosa canina flowers was found against Escherichia coli.

  18. H10172: NOS Hydrographic Survey , Santa Rosa Sound, Florida, 1986-05-01

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has the statutory mandate to collect hydrographic data in support of nautical chart compilation for safe...

  19. H10209: NOS Hydrographic Survey , Santa Rosa Sound, Florida, 1986-05-02

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has the statutory mandate to collect hydrographic data in support of nautical chart compilation for safe...

  20. H10210: NOS Hydrographic Survey , Santa Rosa Sound, Florida, 1986-05-12

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has the statutory mandate to collect hydrographic data in support of nautical chart compilation for safe...

  1. H10207: NOS Hydrographic Survey , Santa Rosa Sound, Florida, 1986-04-23

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has the statutory mandate to collect hydrographic data in support of nautical chart compilation for safe...

  2. CRED REA Invertebrate Quantitative Assessments at Santa Rosa Bank, Marianas Archipelago, in 2005

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — To support a long-term NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program (CRCP) for sustainable management and conservation of coral reef ecosystems, from 3 - 9 October 2005,...

  3. CRED REA Invertebrate Quantitative Assessments at Santa Rosa Bank, Marianas Archipelago, in 2003

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — To support a long-term NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program (CRCP) for sustainable management and conservation of coral reef ecosystems, from 19 August - 30...

  4. CRED Towed-Diver Benthic Characterization Surveys at Santa Rosa Bank, Marianas Archipelago in 2005

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — To support NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program (CRCP) long-term goals for sustainable management and conservation of coral reef ecosystems, towed-diver surveys...

  5. CRED Cumulative Map of Percent Scleractinian Coral Cover at Santa Rosa Reef

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This map displays optical validation observation locations and percent coverage of scleractinian coral overlaid on bathymetry.

  6. CRED Towed-Diver Benthic Characterization Surveys at Santa Rosa Bank, Marianas Archipelago in 2003

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — To support NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program (CRCP) long-term goals for sustainable management and conservation of coral reef ecosystems, towed-diver surveys...

  7. Population Density, Poor Sanitation, and Enteric Infections in Nueva Santa Rosa, Guatemala.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jarquin, Claudia; Arnold, Benjamin F; Muñoz, Fredy; Lopez, Beatriz; Cuéllar, Victoria M; Thornton, Andrew; Patel, Jaymin; Reyes, Lisette; Roy, Sharon L; Bryan, Joe P; McCracken, John P; Colford, John M

    2016-04-01

    Poor sanitation could pose greater risk for enteric pathogen transmission at higher human population densities because of greater potential for pathogens to infect new hosts through environmentally mediated and person-to-person transmission. We hypothesized that incidence and prevalence of diarrhea, enteric protozoans, and soil-transmitted helminth infections would be higher in high-population-density areas compared with low-population-density areas, and that poor sanitation would pose greater risk for these enteric infections at high density compared with low density. We tested our hypotheses using 6 years of clinic-based diarrhea surveillance (2007-2013) including 4,360 geolocated diarrhea cases tested for 13 pathogens and a 2010 cross-sectional survey that measured environmental exposures from 204 households (920 people) and tested 701 stool specimens for enteric parasites. We found that population density was not a key determinant of enteric infection nor a strong effect modifier of risk posed by poor household sanitation in this setting.

  8. 2006 Florida LiDAR: Escambia, Santa Rosa, and Walton Counties

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — ESCAMBIA: The Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) LAS dataset is a survey of select areas within Escambia County, Florida. These data were produced for Dewberry and...

  9. Adoption of Angiomax at Christus Santa Rosa Medical Center decreases costs and increases satisfaction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Starin, Elvira

    2005-01-01

    Angiomax allows for easier post-percutaneous coronary intervention care and enhanced throughput and has become the gold standard of care in our institution. This article describes how Angiomax was brought into our hospital; the rationale and science to support its use; and the resulting patient and staff satisfaction, improved throughput, and cost savings.

  10. Santa and the moon

    CERN Document Server

    Barthel, Peter

    2011-01-01

    Happy end-of-the-year evening and night events provide good opportunities to explain the phases of the moon. The need for such moon phase education is once again demonstrated, through an investigation of illustrations on Santa Claus and Christmas gift wrap and in children's books, in two countries which have been important in shaping the image of Santa Claus and his predecessor Sinterklaas: The Netherlands and the USA. The moon on Halloween illustrations is also considered. The lack of knowledge concerning the physical origin of the moon phases, or lack of interest in understanding, is found to be widespread in The Netherlands but is also clearly present in the USA, and is quite possibly global. Definitely incomplete, but surely representative lists compiling both scientifically correct and scientifically incorrect gift wrap and children's books are also presented.

  11. Isaac Rosa contro la letteratura sulla guerra civile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paolo La Valle

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Nel 2007 Isaac Rosa pubblica ¡Otra maldita novella sobre la guerra civil! un libro che polemizza apertamente contro la moda dei romanzi sul passato spagnolo che ha invaso il mercato a partire dagli anni Duemila. Lo stesso Isaac Rosa è consapevole di essere egli stesso partecipe di un ampio processo di commercializzazione del passato e pertanto adotta uno stile autoriflessivo che lo induce a mettere in risalto le ingenuità della sua stessa opera.

  12. ROSA DAMASCENA OIL: AN ADJUNCTIVE THERAPY FOR PEDIATRIC REFRACTORY SEIZURES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. Ashrafzadeh MD

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available ObjectiveSeveral investigations have demonstrated that Rosa damascena has an inhibitory effect on the hypothalamus and on pituitary system reactivity in the rat; it has also been shown that the essential oil of Rosa damascena has significant antiepileptic effects on pentylentetrazole (PTZ induced seizures in rats. We aimed at assessing the effects of the essential oil of Rosa damascena when used as an adjunct treatment to treat children with refractory seizuresMaterials and MethodsIn this double-blind clinical trial, conducted as a pilot study between April 2004 and March 2005, we administered essential oil of Rosa damascena to sixteen children with refractory epilepsy as an adjunct therapy, and evaluated its effects.Results16 patients, age range 3-13 years, were enrolled; 56.3% (n=9 girls and 43.8% (n=7 boys. All has been under treatment for 3-6 weeks (baseline phase. They received either the essential oil or placebo for a period of 4 weeks and in between these periods, they took only their pre-existing antiepileptic drugs for two weeks (washout phase.The mean frequency of seizures in those using essential oil, showed significant decrease as compared to the controls using placeboes (p=0.00.ConclusionIt can be concluded that the essential oil of Rosa Damascena has beneficial antiepileptic effect in children with refractory seizures.Keywords:Rosa damascena, refractory epilepsy, children, oil.

  13. [Identification and analysis of genuine and false Flos Rosae Rugosae by FTIR and 2D correlation IR spectroscopy].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cai, Fang; Sun, Su-qin; Yan, Wen-rong; Niu, Shi-jie; Li, Xian-en

    2009-09-01

    The genuine and false Flos Rosae Rugosae (Flos Rosae Chinensis and Flos Rosa multiflora) were examined in terms of their differences by using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) combined with two-dimensional (2D) correlation IR spectroscopy. The three species were shown very similar in FTIR spectra. The peak of 1318 cm(-1) of genuine Flos Rosae Rugosae is not obvious but this peak could be found sharp in Flos Rosae Chinensis and Flos Rosa multiflora. Generally, the second derivative IR spectrum can clearly enhance the spectral resolution. Flos Rosae Rugosae and Flos rosae Chinensis have aromatic compounds distinct fingerprint characteristics at 1 617 and 1 618 cm(-1), respectively. Nevertheless, FlosRosa multiflora has the peak at 1612 cm(-1). There is a discrepancy of 5 to 6 cm(-1). FlosRosa multiflora has glucide's distinct fingerprint characteristics at 1 044 cm(-1), but Flos Rosae Rugosae and Flos Rosae Chinensis don't. The second derivative infrared spectra indicated different fingerprint characteristics. Three of them showed aromatic compounds with autopeaks at 1620, 1560 and 1460 cm(-1). Flos Rosae Chinensis and Flos Rosa multiflora have the shoulder peak at 1660 cm(-1). In the range of 850-1250 cm(-1), three of them are distinct different, Flos Rosae Rugosae has the strongest autopeak, Flos Rosae Chinensis has the feeble autopeak and Flos Rosa multiflora has no autopeak at 1050 cm(-1). In third-step identification, the different contents of aromatic compounds and glucide in Flos Rosae Rugosae, Flos Rosae Chinensis and Flos Rosa multiflora were revealed. It is proved that the method is fast and effective for distinguishing and analyzing genuine Flos Rosae Rugosae and false Flos Rosae Rugosae (Flos Rosae Chinensis and Flos Rosa multiflora).

  14. María Rosa Lojo, La musa ribelle. Il romanzo di Victoria Ocampo.

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    María Rosa Lojo, La musa ribelle. Il romanzo di Victoria Ocampo. Traduzione di Immacolata Forlano. Introduzione di Rosa Maria Grillo, (Salerno, Oèdipus, 2010, 187 pp., ISBN – 10 8873411352)di Camilla Cattarulla

  15. ROSA DAMASCENA OIL: AN ADJUNCTIVE THERAPY FOR PEDIATRIC REFRACTORY SEIZURES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Rakhshandeh

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available ObjectiveSeveral investigations have demonstrated that Rosa damascena has aninhibitory effect on the hypothalamus and on pituitary system reactivityin the rat; it has also been shown that the essential oil of Rosa damascenahas significant antiepileptic effects on pentylentetrazole (PTZ inducedseizures in rats. We aimed at assessing the effects of the essential oil ofRosa damascena when used as an adjunct treatment to treat children withrefractory seizuresMaterials and MethodsIn this double-blind clinical trial, conducted as a pilot study between April2004 and March 2005, we administered essential oil of Rosa damascenato sixteen children with refractory epilepsy as an adjunct therapy, andevaluated its effects.Results16 patients, age range 3-13 years, were enrolled; 56.3% (n=9 girls and43.8% (n=7 boys.All has been under treatment for 3-6 weeks (baseline phase. They receivedeither the essential oil or placebo for a period of 4 weeks and in betweenthese periods, they took only their pre-existing antiepileptic drugs for twoweeks (washout phase.The mean frequency of seizures in those using essential oil, showedsignificant decrease as compared to the controls using placeboes (p=0.00.ConclusionIt can be concluded that the essential oil of Rosa Damascena has beneficialantiepileptic effect in children with refractory seizures.

  16. Island ponds mitigation monitoring and reporting : Year 3 – 2008

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This report presents Year 3 (2008) monitoring results for Island Ponds Restoration Project on Don Edwards San Francisco Bay NWR. The Santa Clara Valley Water...

  17. Island ponds mitigation monitoring and reporting : Year 4 – 2009

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The Santa Clara Valley Water District and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Don Edwards National Wildlife Refuge implemented the Island Ponds Restoration Project to...

  18. Setenta anos depois: direitos autorais em Noel Rosa Seventy years later: Noel Rosa's copyrights

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel do Amaral Arbix

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Um regime ótimo de direitos autorais, ao tomar fundamento no estímulo ao desenvolvimento de novos bens intelectuais, depende de limites bem traçados. Este artigo procura aferir a funcionalidade desses direitos no que diz respeito a composições musicais, de sorte a avaliar, nesse campo específico, a maleabilidade da proteção aos direitos autorais e sua adequação à criação de novas obras. Para tanto, remete-se à experiência criativa de e sobre noel rosa, expoente do samba brasileiro. A marcada assunção de riscos por autores de obras derivadas, a formalização irregular das relações jurídicas entre titulares de direitos autorais e a profissionalização de determinados autores são constatadas como respostas diretas aos incentivos legais pertinentes. A incerteza decorrente dessas respostas expõe a dessintonia entre alguns dos objetivos das normas analisadas e seus efeitos práticos.An optimal copyright regime, based on fostering the development of new intellectual works, depends on well designed limitations. This article aims to analyze such rights' functionality with respect to musical works, in order to evaluate, in this field specifically, the flexibility of copyright protection and its adequacy for the creation of new works. To perform such task, the creative process of brazilian samba expert, noel rosa, is examined. A remarkable assumption of risks by derivative works' authors, the irregular formalization of legal relations between copyright owners and the profissionalization of certain authors are seen as direct answers to the legal incentives currently in force. The uncertainty derived from such answers exposes the tension between some of the analyzed norms' objectives and their actual effects.

  19. Impact on the Ecological Environment of the Ocean Islands Through the Economic Evolution:A Case Study of the U.S. Channel Islands%经济形态演变对海洋海岛生态环境的影响——以美国海峡群岛为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王辉; 刘小宇; 张佳琛; 王亮

    2016-01-01

    the ecological rehabilitation of the island. The difficulties of the is-lands large engineering were quite touched, so islands ecological restoration is a new task faced by the human. Use the case study method, through a lot of literature data analysis and carding detailed the history of the U. S. Channel Islands and their ecological evolution. According to the changing of Channel Islands in the original human society economy era, agricultural economy era, industrial economy era and knowledge economy era in the evolution of the economic form analysis. Make form to explain the event of ecological restoration since the establishment of the Channel Islands National Park;and the content and status quo of the ecological restoration for the five islands of Channel Islands National Park. The five islands are San Miguel Island, Santa Rosa Is-land, Santa Cruz Island, Anacapa Island, Santa Barbara Island. The research focused on ecological restoration and environmental protection through the management of the National Park Service in knowledge economy era. Many managements were made for protecting islands ecological environment planning:such as establish-ing all kinds of sea islands reservation;to formulate detailed rules in the park;mobilizing the shore city and community participation in ecological restoration and environment protection; using the Internet to publicity and education;and making park management plan and so on. The development of the Channel Islands and the ecological restoration and management of the Channel Islands in recent years provided a good lesson for other countries.

  20. 78 FR 55287 - Endangered Species Recovery Permit Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-10

    ... littoralis catalinae) Santa Cruz Island fox (Urocyon littoralis santacruzae) Santa Rosa Island fox (Urocyon... habitat enhancement activities in San Luis Obispo County, California, for the purpose of enhancing the... California tiger salamander (Santa Barbara County DPS and Sonoma County DPS) (Ambystoma californiense);...

  1. Miki ja Rosa hõivasid Tartu / Ants Juske

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Juske, Ants, 1956-

    2001-01-01

    Lühidalt viiest kunstinäitusest - Vaikust lõhestas vali kärgatus (Peeter Allik), Küla, mida on põletanud punased õhtud (Imat Suumann), Rosa Permanente (Ruth Huimerind), Miki-Hiire kirik (Erki Meister, Christer Hägglund), Aledoia (Andrus Joonas)

  2. Socialising Semiotic Mediation: Some Reflections on Rosa and Pievi's Paper

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Glaveanu, Vlad Petre

    2013-01-01

    This article aims to reflect on the relation between social representations theory (SRT) and a cultural psychological view of semiotics, as presented in Rosa and Pievi's paper (this issue). It is argued that a fruitful dialogue can be established between the two orientations, one that draws...

  3. The Rosa Parks "Myth": A Third Grade Historical Investigation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Landorf, Hilary; Lowenstein, Ethan

    2004-01-01

    This article describes how, by comparing multiple perspectives of the story of Rosa Parks and the Montgomery Bus Boycott, students can experience first-hand how different published accounts of the same event may contain different information. The author relates the lesson plan of Jennifer Morrow, a third-grade teacher at Coral Ridge Elementary…

  4. Miki ja Rosa hõivasid Tartu / Ants Juske

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Juske, Ants, 1956-2016

    2001-01-01

    Lühidalt viiest kunstinäitusest - Vaikust lõhestas vali kärgatus (Peeter Allik), Küla, mida on põletanud punased õhtud (Imat Suumann), Rosa Permanente (Ruth Huimerind), Miki-Hiire kirik (Erki Meister, Christer Hägglund), Aledoia (Andrus Joonas)

  5. Santa Maria Volcano, Guatemala

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-01-01

    The eruption of Santa Maria volcano in 1902 was one of the largest eruptions of the 20th century, forming a large crater on the mountain's southwest flank. Since 1922, a lava-dome complex, Santiaguito, has been forming in the 1902 crater. Growth of the dome has produced pyroclastic flows as recently as the 2001-they can be identified in this image. The city of Quezaltenango (approximately 90,000 people in 1989) sits below the 3772 m summit. The volcano is considered dangerous because of the possibility of a dome collapse such as one that occurred in 1929, which killed about 5000 people. A second hazard results from the flow of volcanic debris into rivers south of Santiaguito, which can lead to catastrophic flooding and mud flows. More information on this volcano can be found at web sites maintained by the Smithsonian Institution, Volcano World, and Michigan Tech University. ISS004-ESC-7999 was taken 17 February 2002 from the International Space Station using a digital camera. The image is provided by the Earth Sciences and Image Analysis Laboratory at Johnson Space Center. Searching and viewing of additional images taken by astronauts and cosmonauts is available at the NASA-JSC Gateway to

  6. ciudad de Santa Marta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier Alfredo Ferreira Ospino

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Esta investigación evalúa los resultados de un programa de Formación en Derechos con madres comunitarias para la solución de conflictos en la Comuna Ocho de la ciudad de Santa Marta. El programa buscó el desarrollo de la capacidad de análisis y discernimiento para la toma de decisiones, que les permitan participar activamente en la solución de problemas de la comunidad, tendientes a mejorar las condiciones de vida de los miembros de la ésta. El proyecto se enmarca en un diseño de investigación cuasiexperimental con grupo control y medida pre y post, de forma que puedan medirse no sólo los resultados del programa, sino su efectividad para la resolución de conflictos en la comunidad. Se utilizó el cuestionario adaptado a la Teoría de Rahim y otros autores de la teoría del conflicto con el fin de determinar la manera como se resuelven los conflictos en la comunidad. Esta investigación se centró en demostrar objetivamente la efectividad del programa y las diferencias deliberativas y discursivas más relevantes entre los sujetos que recibieron formación en derechos.

  7. Biometric analysis of interspecific hybrids between Rosa canina L. and Rosa rubiginosa L. (section Caninae DC. em. Christ.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Sołtys-Lelek

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The article presents the biometric analysis of selected morphological features of interspecies hybrid Rosa canina L. × R. rubiginosa L. This hybrid was the result of spontaneous hybridization between the two species falling into section Caninae DC. em. Christ. So far, it has not been studied in terms of morphological characteristics, in particular with respect to the parental forms.

  8. Chemical Analysis of Dietary Constituents in Rosa roxburghii and Rosa sterilis Fruits

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meng-Hua Liu

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Both Rosa roxburghii and R. sterilis, belonging to the Rosaceae, are endemic species in Guizhou Province, China. The fruits of these two species are mixed-used as functional food in the region. Aiming to elucidate the phytochemical characteristics of R. roxburghii and R. sterilis fruits, the essential oils and constituents in a methanol extract have been analyzed and compared by GC-MS and UFLC/Q-TOF-MS, respectively. As a result, a total of 135 volatile compounds were identified by GC-MS and 91 components were different between R. roxburghii and R. sterilis fruits; a total of 59 compounds in methanol extracts were identified by UFLC/Q-TOF-MS, including 13 organic acids, 12 flavonoids, 11 triterpenes, nine amino acids, five phenylpropanoid derivatives, four condensed tannins, two stilbenes, two benzaldehyde derivatives and one benzoic acid derivative; and nine characteristic compounds were found between R. roxburghii and R. sterilis fruits. This systematic study plays an important role for R. roxburghii and R. sterilis fruits in the product development.

  9. Heat Islands

    Science.gov (United States)

    EPA's Heat Island Effect Site provides information on heat islands, their impacts, mitigation strategies, related research, a directory of heat island reduction initiatives in U.S. communities, and EPA's Heat Island Reduction Program.

  10. Santa Claus ’Names

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    寒冰

    2005-01-01

    A ustria—Christkind Belgium and the N etherlands—N oel Saint Nicholas C hristkind and Black Pete Brazil—Papa;N oel D enm ark—Julinisse England—Father Christm as Finland—O ld M an C hristm asFrance—Pere N oel or le Petit Germ any—K riss Kringle Christkind or Saint N icholas Italy—B efana Japan—Santa K urohsu M exico—Three Kings Poland—Star M an or W ise M en Spain—Three Kings R ussia—B asbouschka ?Santa Claus ’Names@寒冰

  11. La vita vera: note su Rosa Luxemburg

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clotilde Barbarulli

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Rosa Luxemburg was a political theorist of the working class movement and the leader of German Social Democracy. Altough she was deeply involved in the political events of her period, in the context of that inhuman and exploiting society, Rosa never resigned the pursuit of happiness. From her prison, where she was confined many times because of her involvement in the propaganda against the war, she continued to speak about the importance to be and remain humans. So, while she goes with studying botany, she likes to look at the clouds and the lovely titmice from the window of her cell. She knows she may venture her life, if necessary, but she feels the possible death thought as nothing more than a «pensiero atroce» (a nasty thought.

  12. Evaluation of candidate systems for mass trapping against Ceratitis spp. on La Réunion island.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peñarrubia-María, I Esther; Quilici, Serge; Schmitt, Chloé; Escudero-Colomar, L Adriana

    2014-03-01

    Two Ceratitis spp. coexist on the island of La Réunion, Ceratitis rosa (Karsch) and C. capitata (Wiedemann). The effectiveness of candidate systems based on attractants and traps to control both species was evaluated through comparative studies of trap types, attractants, insecticides and commercial complete systems. The Ceratitis spp. most captured in all trials was C. rosa. Captures of C. rosa and C. capitata were not significantly different when Maxitrap® or Tephri-trap® were used. Captures with the Easy-trap® were lower for both species. The BioLure® Med Fly lure showed higher catches of C. rosa than Ferag® CC D TM. The proportion of dead C. rosa did not differ significantly when deltamethrin or dichlorvos was used. There were no significant differences in the capture of C. rosa and C. capitata between commercial systems composed of the lure Ferag® CC D TM, the Maxitrap® and dichlorvos and the BioLure® Unipak, the Tephri-trap® and dichlorvos. The Cera Trap® system performed less effectively. The most effective traps for the capture of C. rosa and C. capitata were Maxitrap® and Tephri-trap®; the most effective attractants were BioLure® Med Fly for C. rosa and BioLure® Med Fly, BioLure® Unipak and Ferag® CC D TM for C. capitata. However, for both species the most effective commercial combinations of trap and attractant were Maxitrap® with Ferag® CC D TM and Tephri-trap® with BioLure® Unipak, both using dichlorvos. The insecticide deltamethrin showed good efficacy when used inside traps. © 2013 Society of Chemical Industry.

  13. On the excretory system of the rotifer Habrotrocha rosa Donner.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schramm, U

    1978-06-08

    The excretory system of Habrotrocha rosa consists of two protonephridia. From each of them seven tubules lead to a terminal organ, also called cyrtocyte. Its weir basket contains structures which resemble ciliary rootlets. The lumen of the excretory system is bordered by a syncytial layer of cytoplasm. Cells are only found in the upper region of the trunk, where the channel is twisted several times.

  14. Rosa canina as an adjunctive treatment of asthma: A hypothesis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samin Hamidi

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Asthma is one of the most common chronic disorders and about 7% of the US population suffers from asthma. Initial response to allergy is associated with mediators like histamine, prostaglandin (PG D2 and leukotriene (LT C4. In asthmatic patients, 5-lipo-oxygenase (5-LO pathway produces more LTC4 than the healthy people. Also, pro-inflammatory factors like interleukin (IL-1, IL-6 and Tumor Necrosis Factor (TNF-α play a remarkable role in bronchoconstriction. The common asthma medications are associated with a number of unwanted side effects, especially throughout long term treatment. Herbal medication is an alternative treatment for asthma and the plants are rich sources of antioxidants that intensively reduce the activity of free radicals. Among several herbs, Rosa canina (RC is a potent anti-inflammatory remedy which contains a number of well-known antioxidants including vitamin C, quercetin, hesperidin, rutin and some other therapeutic compounds. The aim of this study was to review the scientific evidences supporting the probable influence of Rosa canina on asthma. Keywords: Asthma; Rosa canina; Anti-inflammatory

  15. CNOOC Cooperates with Santa Fe

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Cao Sanyong; Wang Keyu

    1997-01-01

    @@ China National Offshore Oil Corporatian (CNOOC) signed the Petroleum Contract for 15/34 Block in the Pearl River Mouth Basin of South China Sea and the Petroleum Contract for 23/28 Block in the Beibu Gulf of South China Sea with Santa Fe Resources Inc. of the United States in Beijing on January 16, 1997.

  16. “We are azorean”: discourses and practices of folk culture in Santa Catarina (Brazil)

    OpenAIRE

    Leal, João

    2005-01-01

    Etnográfica, Vol. IX, N.1, pp. 171-193 The development of the Azoreanist movement is a major feature in the contemporary cultural and political scene of the state of Santa Catarina(southern Brazil). Aimed at the rediscovery and celebration of the Azorean roots of the island of Santa Catarina and other coastal areas of the state, the Azoreanist movement dates back to the 1940s and, having remained an elite endeavor for several decades, recently became a very influential movement...

  17. Reprodução das aves marinhas nas ilhas costeiras de Santa Catarina, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Branco Joaquim Olinto

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Studies involving the reproduction of seabirds in the Santa Catarina coast are scarce. From 1996 to 2002 a sampling program was implanted with the objectives of identifying the ranches, the species and to study some aspects of their reproductive cycle. Five species: Sula leucogaster Boddaert, 1783; Fregata magnificens Matheus, 1914; Larus dominicanus Lichtenstein, 1823; Sterna hirundinacea Lesson, 1831; S. eurygnatha Sauders, 1876, breed in the islands of Santa Catarina, with the largest intensity in the period of May to December. The size of the colonies varied in function of the species and of the reproduction area.

  18. Islands, Island Studies, Island Studies Journal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Godfrey Baldacchino

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available Islands are sites of innovative conceptualizations, whether of nature or human enterprise, whether virtual or real. The study of islands on their own terms today enjoys a growing and wide-ranging recognition. This paper celebrates the launch of Island Studies Journal in the context of a long and thrilling tradition of island studies scholarship.

  19. 78 FR 8949 - 100th Anniversary of the Birth of Rosa Parks

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-06

    ... we mark the 100th anniversary of Rosa Parks's birth, we celebrate the life of a genuine American hero... movement that advanced our journey toward justice and equality for all. Though Rosa Parks was not the first... Parks's story did not end with the boycott she inspired. A lifelong champion of civil rights,...

  20. A Green Prison: The Santa Rita Jail Campus Microgrid

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marnay, Chris; DeForest, Nicholas; Lai, Judy

    2012-01-22

    A large microgrid project is nearing completion at Alameda County’s twenty-two-year-old 45 ha 4,000-inmate Santa Rita Jail, about 70 km east of San Francisco. Often described as a green prison, it has a considerable installed base of distributed energy resources (DER) including an eight-year old 1.2 MW PV array, a five-year old 1 MW fuel cell with heat recovery, and considerable efficiency investments. A current US$14 M expansion adds a 2 MW-4 MWh Li-ion battery, a static disconnect switch, and various controls upgrades. During grid blackouts, or when conditions favor it, the Jail can now disconnect from the grid and operate as an island, using the on-site resources described together with its back-up diesel generators. In other words, the Santa Rita Jail is a true microgrid, or μgrid, because it fills both requirements, i.e. it is a locally controlled system, and it can operate both grid connected and islanded. The battery’s electronics includes Consortium for Electric Reliability Technology (CERTS) Microgrid technology. This enables the battery to maintain energy balance using droops without need for a fast control system.

  1. Integration& Operation of a Microgrid at Santa Rita Jail

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chevron Energy Solutions; Alameda County; DeForest, Nicholas; Lai, Judy; Stadler, Michael; Mendes, Goncalo; Marnay, Chris; Donadee, Jon

    2011-05-01

    Santa Rita Jail is a 4,500 inmate facility located in Dublin CA, approximately 40 miles (65 km) east of San Francisco. Over the past decade, a series of Distributed Energy Resources (DER) installations and efficiency measures have been undertaken to transform the 3MW facility into a"Green Jail". These include a 1.2MW rated rooftop PV system installed in 2002, a 1MW molten carbonate fuel cell with CHP, and retrofits to lighting and HVAC systems to reduce peak loads. With the upcoming installation of a large-scale battery and fast static disconnect switch, Santa Rita Jail will become a true microgrid, with full CERTS Microgrid functionality. Consequently, the jail will be able to seamlessly disconnect from the grid and operate as an island in the event of a disturbance, reconnecting again once the disturbance has dissipated. The extent to which that jail is capable of islanding is principally dependant on the energy capacity of the battery-one focus of this investigation. Also presented here are overviews of the DER currently installed at the jail, as well as the value it provides by offsetting the purchase of electricity under the current Pacific Gas& Electric (PG&E) tariff.

  2. Santa Paulina, reconquista a territorialidade

    OpenAIRE

    Nascimento, José do

    2006-01-01

    Dissertação (mestrado) - Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Centro de Filosofia e Ciências Humanas. Programa de Pós-Graduação em História Esta dissertação trata de um estudo sobre a relação entre turismo e religiosidade a partir do estudo de caso do Santuário de Santa Paulina do Coração Agonizante de Jesus, em Nova Trento, no período de 1991 a 2005. Foi adotado o método de História Oral com a participação de diferentes atores, destacando-se os peregrinos ou passantes mais comumente de...

  3. Silver Nano Scaffold Formation by Flowers of Hibiscus Rosa Sinensis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S.Shabana

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Hibiscusrosa sinensis grows for their showy flowers and are used as landscape shrubs. Hibiscusrosa sinensis also has too many medicinal properties. Flowers are rich in polyphenols, flavonoids and anthocyanins. Inourstudy the flower extracts of Hibiscus rosa sinensis has been used for the synthesis of silver nano scaffold formation and its reduction by the flowers. The synthesis of silver nanoparticles occurred under the exposure of the flower extract to 1mM (AgNO3, Silver nitrate aqueous solution. During this process the complete reduction of nanoparticles was observed nearly 48hours of reaction at 30°C under vigorous shaking conditions. The colour change is noted in the reaction mixture and observed during the process of incubation period, it may be due to the formation of the silver nanoparticles which are able to produce the colour in the reaction mixture may be due to their specific properties of surface Plasmon resonance. The colour change was made confirmed by visualization and the characterization by FT-IR, UV-Visible Spectroscopy. Thus we conclude that the reduction process and capping may be having occurred due to the presence of many flavonoids, terpenoids, anthocyanins, some aminoacids and proteins. In conclusion, Hibiscus rosa sinensis flower extract appears capable of forming silver nanoparticles. It can be concluded that, Hibiscus rosa sinensis flower extract was able to form the silver nano scaffold and may be probably due to its antioxidants potential, some flavonoids, terpenes etc. This study is a preliminary effort and requires further investigation at different levels.

  4. Comparative Analysis of the Properties of Acid-Base Indicator of Rose (Rosa setigera), Allamanda (Allamanda cathartica), and Hibiscus (Hibiscus rosa-sinensis) Flowers

    OpenAIRE

    Okoduwa, Stanley I. R.; Mbora, Lovina O.; Adu, Matthew E.; Ameh A. Adeyi

    2015-01-01

    The need to develop effective alternative for synthetic indicators is the demand of present-day chemistry. The acid-base indicator properties of Rose (Rosa setigera), Allamanda (Allamanda cathartica), and Hibiscus (Hibiscus rosa-sinensis) flowers were examined. Colour pigments were extracted from the flowers via cold and solvent extraction using soxhlet extractor. The pH value of the extracts with wavelengths of absorption was determined using ultraviolet spectrophotometer. From the results o...

  5. 2009 Santa Fe Bone symposium.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewiecki, E Michael; Bilezikian, John P; Laster, Andrew J; Miller, Paul D; Recker, Robert R; Russell, R Graham G; Whyte, Michael P

    2010-01-01

    Osteoporosis is a common skeletal disease with serious clinical consequences because of fractures. Despite the availability of clinical tools to diagnose osteoporosis and assess fracture risk, and drugs proven to reduce fracture risk, it remains a disease that is underdiagnosed and undertreated. When treatment is started, it is commonly not taken correctly or long enough to be effective. Recent advances in understanding of the regulators and mediators of bone remodeling have led to new therapeutic targets and the development of drugs that may offer advantages over current agents in reducing the burden of osteoporotic fractures. Many genetic factors that play a role in the pathogenesis of osteoporosis and metabolic bone disease have now been identified. At the 2009 Santa Fe Bone Symposium, held in Santa Fe, New Mexico, USA, the links between advances in genetics, basic bone science, recent clinical trials, and new and emerging therapeutic agents were presented and explored. Socioeconomic challenges and opportunities in the care of osteoporosis were discussed. This is a collection of medical essays based on key presentations at the 2009 Santa Fe Bone Symposium.

  6. Morphological and chemical characteristics of fruits of selected Rosa sp.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agnieszka Najda

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to evaluate the morphological and chemical parameters, antioxidant activity (DPPH of five rose species (Rosa rugosa, R. villosa, R. californica, R. spinosissima, and R. × damascene and grouping them according to the harvest date. On the basis of the study, rose species grown in eastern Poland were grouped according to their harvest time, and three dates of cumulative ripeness of pseudofruits were distinguished. Rosehips of studied species varied referring to their harvest date and morphological properties and were characterized by diverse contents of primary metabolites analyzed. In addition, obtained extracts showed high antioxidant activity, which has a significant impact on their value for processing.

  7. German tradition heritage in Guimarães Rosa's literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivan Cláudio Pereira Siqueira

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Die Nähe zwischen Musik, Philosophie und Literatur in der deutschen Tradition und in ihren Methoden faszinierte João Guimarães Rosa zutiefst. Aus dem deutschen Beispiel heraus entwickelte er seine Methodenlehre der Organisation der brasilianischen traditionellen Lieder. Dieser Artikel diskutiert die allgemeine Wirkung der musikalischen Schreibtechniken in ausgewählten Kurzgeschichten aus dem Band Sagarana: In „O burrinho pedrês" und „Sarapalha" wird der Einfluss von Heideggers Philosophie diskutiert bei gleichzeitiger Berücksichtigung vom Wagnerischen Konzept des Grundmotiven: In „A hora e a vez de Augusto Matraga" werden die Beziehungen zu Wagners Parsifal analysiert.

  8. California State Waters Map Series: offshore of Santa Barbara, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Samuel Y.; Dartnell, Peter; Cochrane, Guy R.; Golden, Nadine E.; Phillips, Eleyne L.; Ritchie, Andrew C.; Greene, H. Gary; Krigsman, Lisa M.; Kvitek, Rikk G.; Dieter, Bryan E.; Endris, Charles A.; Seitz, Gordon G.; Sliter, Ray W.; Erdey, Mercedes D.; Gutierrez, Carlos I.; Wong, Florence L.; Yoklavich, Mary M.; Draut, Amy E.; Hart, Patrick E.; Conrad, James E.; Cochran, Susan A.; Johnson, Samuel Y.; Cochran, Susan A.

    2013-01-01

    and northwest by Point Conception and from the south and southwest by offshore islands and banks. The shelf is underlain by variable amounts of upper Quaternary shelf, estuarine, and fluvial sediments deposited as sea level fluctuated in the late Pleistocene. Seafloor habitats in the broad Santa Barbara Channel region consist of significant amounts of soft sediment and isolated areas of rocky habitat that support kelp-forest communities nearshore and rocky-reef communities in deep water. The potential marine benthic habitat types mapped in the Offshore of Santa Barbara map area are directly related to its Quaternary geologic history, geomorphology, and active sedimentary processes. These potential habitats, which lie within the Shelf (continental shelf) megahabitat, range from soft, unconsolidated sediment to hard sedimentary bedrock. This heterogeneous seafloor provides promising habitat for rockfish, groundfish, crabs, shrimp, and other marine benthic organisms.

  9. The Santa Barbara Channel - Santa Maria Basin Study: Wind Measurements and Modeling Resolving Coastal Mesoscale Meteorology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dorman, C. E.; Koracin, D.

    2002-12-01

    The importance of winds in driving the coastal ocean has long been recognized. Pre-World War II literature links wind stress and wind stress curl to coastal ocean responses. Nevertheless, direct measurements plausibly representative of a coastal area are few. Multiple observations on the scale of the simplest mesoscale atmospheric structure, such as the cross-coast variation along a linear coast, are even less frequent. The only wind measurements that we are aware of in a complicated coastal area backed by higher topography are in the MMS sponsored, Santa Barbara Channel/Santa Marina basin study. Taking place from 1994 to present, this study had an unheard of dense surface automated meteorological station array of up to 5 meteorological buoys, 4 oil platforms, 2 island stations, and 11 coastal stations within 1 km of the beach. Most of the land stations are maintained by other projects. Only a large, a well funded project with backed by an agency with the long-view could dedicate the resources and effort into filling the mesoscale "holes" and maintaining long-term, remotely located stations. The result of the MMS funded project is a sufficiently dense surface station array to resolve the along-coast and cross-coast atmospheric mesoscale wind structure. Great temporal and spatial variation is found in the wind, wind stress and the wind stress curl, during the extended summer season. The MM5 atmospheric mesoscale model with appropriate boundary layer physics and high-resolution horizontal and vertical grid structure successfully simulates the measured wind field from large scale down to the lower end of the mesoscale. Atmospheric models without appropriate resolution and boundary layer physics fail to capture significant mesoscale wind features. Satellite microwave wind measurements generally capture the offshore synoptic scale temporal and spatial scale in twice-a-day snap shots but fail in the crucial, innermost coastal waters and the diurnal scale.

  10. 110 years of Avipoxvirus in the Galapagos Islands.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricia G Parker

    Full Text Available The role of disease in regulating populations is controversial, partly owing to the absence of good disease records in historic wildlife populations. We examined birds collected in the Galapagos Islands between 1891 and 1906 that are currently held at the California Academy of Sciences and the Zoologisches Staatssammlung Muenchen, including 3973 specimens representing species from two well-studied families of endemic passerine birds: finches and mockingbirds. Beginning with samples collected in 1899, we observed cutaneous lesions consistent with Avipoxvirus on 226 (6.3% specimens. Histopathology and viral genotyping of 59 candidate tissue samples from six islands showed that 21 (35.6% were positive for Avipoxvirus, while alternative diagnoses for some of those testing negative by both methods were feather follicle cysts, non-specific dermatitis, or post mortem fungal colonization. Positive specimens were significantly nonrandomly distributed among islands both for mockingbirds (San Cristobal vs. Espanola, Santa Fe and Santa Cruz and for finches (San Cristobal and Isabela vs. Santa Cruz and Floreana, and overall highly significantly distributed toward islands that were inhabited by humans (San Cristobal, Isabela, Floreana vs. uninhabited at the time of collection (Santa Cruz, Santa Fe, Espanola, with only one positive individual on an uninhabited island. Eleven of the positive specimens sequenced successfully were identical at four diagnostic sites to the two canarypox variants previously described in contemporary Galapagos passerines. We conclude that this virus was introduced late in 1890's and was dispersed among islands by a variety of mechanisms, including regular human movements among colonized islands. At present, this disease represents an ongoing threat to the birds on the Galapagos Islands.

  11. South Fork of the Santa Clara River, Santa Clarita Valley, California. Supplement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-01-01

    Santa Eriodictyon trichocalyx Eucrypta Eucrypta chrysanthemifolia LAMIACEAE Purple Sage Salvia leucophylla PAEONIACEAE Peony Paeonia californica...Bush Lupine Lupinus ex-cubitus HYDROPHYLLACEAE Yerba Santa Eriodictyon trichocaLx Eucrypta Eucrypta chrysanthemifolia LAMIACEAE Purple Sage Salvia

  12. Fernando Rosas Pfingsthorn, Premio Nacional de Arte en Música 2006 Fernando Rosas Pfingsthorn, National Arts Prize in Music 2006

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmen Peña Fuenzalida

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo presenta un perfil de la actividad musical desarrollada por Fernando Rosas Pfingsthorn desde que inició su trayectoria en la década de 1950 hasta la actualidad. Se destaca su contribución en la dirección y creación de orquestas de cámara y la labor de proyección de estos conjuntos en el extranjero; la consolidación de programas académicos de formación de músicos; la promoción y apoyo a la fundación de orquestas juveniles e infantiles a lo largo de todo el país, y la participación en proyectos institucionales y privados de difusión musical, dirigidos a diversos públicos y materializados en temporadas de conciertos, festivales, programas de radio y de televisión, entre otros, gracias a una efectiva gestión culturalThis article is focused on the entire career of Fernando Rosas (born 1931 from its beginning in the decade of 1950, until the present day. During almost sixty years, Fernando Rosas has been known as conductor of chamber orchestras, many of which were created by him, and which became widely known throughout Chile and abroad thanks to his great capacity as organizer. He won the National Arts Prize in 2006 considering besides his outstanding achievements as head of academic programs for music students, his promoting and support of youth and children orchestras throughout the country, and his efficient organization of musical extension projects targeted to different audiences on both public and private basis. A significant growth of musical activity in Chile, in terms of concert seasons, music festivals, radio and television broadcasting, among others, is due to his effective leadership

  13. Impacto vial del túnel Santa Rosa en la Av. Próceres de la Independencia, SJL, Lima

    OpenAIRE

    Sotil Chávez, Andres; Chalco Condorhuamán, Karen Eugenia

    2014-01-01

    El presente artículo es un resumen del trabajo de investigación sobre la influencia de los proyectos de infraestructura vial en las  condiciones de tráfico de la intersección Av. Perú con la Av. Próceres de la Independencia ubicada en el distrito de San Juan de Lurigancho (SJL) en la ciudad de Lima, Perú. De esta manera, el articulo contiene la presentación del problema de estudio, considerando las condiciones y características de las intersecciones estudiadas; descripción del flujo vehicular...

  14. CRED REA Line Point Intercept Surveys of Benthic Parameter Assessments at Santa Rosa Bank, Marianas Archipelago in 2005

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — To support a long-term NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program (CRCP) for sustainable management and conservation of coral reef ecosystems, from 3 - 9 October 2005,...

  15. EDUCACIÓN AMBIENTAL CON ESTUDIANTES DE LA ESCUELA DE POLICIA RAFAEL REYES DE SANTA ROSA DE VITERBO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana Lizarazo Cely

    2015-12-01

    Para el desarrollo del proceso se tuvo en cuenta como enfoque el  “trabajo colaborativo/cooperativo que pone como estrategia la interacción  y la construcción colectiva de conocimiento, incentivando el aprendizaje haciendo, interactuando y compartiendo,”[1]. En este sentido, para la estrategia educativa se diseñó una secuencia de  actividades con orientación lúdica que fortaleció los temas trabajados, dinamizándose el proceso  con el grupo del semillero Educación y Gestión Ambiental  WAIRAUPTC-ESREY  generando toma de conciencia,  valores de respeto hacia el ambiente, participación activa, desarrollo de habilidades, destrezas, creatividad y trabajo en equipo en la construcción de estrategias y soluciones amigables con el ambiente, por parte de cada uno de los participantes.  Como resultados de este proyecto se tiene como evidencia archivos digitales dentro de los cuales se encuentra una cartilla digital, situada en la plataforma de la ESREY, videos y entrevistas de los participantes con los que se llevaron a cabo el proyecto.

  16. Insuficiencia renal aguda en pacientes de la Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos, Hospital Regional de Cuilapa, Santa Rosa, Guatemala

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ronald J. Ajcalon

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available La insuficiencia renal aguda, es una condición común en la Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos de Adultos (UCIA y probablemente una consecuencia de la enfermedad crítica que se asocia a resultados clínicos adversos, altos costos y una mortalidad de más del 50%, sobre todo si se requiere tratamiento de reemplazo renal. El objetivo fue determinar la incidencia de insuficiencia renal aguda en pacientes ingresados a la UCIA. El estudio fue prospectivo, longitudinal, observacional, en 101 pacientes ingresados en la UCIA del Hospital Regional de Cuilapa. Se diagnosticaron 101 pacientes durante el periodo de estudio con insuficiencia renal aguda represento el 27.4% del total de pacientes internados (368 en el servicio en un año. La incidencia de mortalidad en pacientes que requieren terapia de reemplazo renal y se encuentran en ventilación mecánica es del 100%. Del total de pacientes estudiados, según la escala Akin, se encontró que el 49.5% de los pacientes correspondían a grado II, aunque el grado I también fue frecuente (29%, y que el 22 % de los pacientes correspondían a grado III. La patología que mayormente se asoció al desarrollo de insuficiencia renal aguda fue sepsis grave con un 31%, seguido de pacientes sometidos a cirugía mayor e hipovolemia con el 21 y 18% respectivamente. Se halló una incidencia aumentada de insuficiencia renal aguda comparado con estadísticas internacionales, cuya etiología fue mayormente causada por procesos sépticos.

  17. Insuficiencia renal aguda en pacientes de la Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos, Hospital Regional de Cuilapa, Santa Rosa, Guatemala

    OpenAIRE

    Ronald J. Ajcalon

    2017-01-01

    La insuficiencia renal aguda, es una condición común en la Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos de Adultos (UCIA) y probablemente una consecuencia de la enfermedad crítica que se asocia a resultados clínicos adversos, altos costos y una mortalidad de más del 50%, sobre todo si se requiere tratamiento de reemplazo renal. El objetivo fue determinar la incidencia de insuficiencia renal aguda en pacientes ingresados a la UCIA. El estudio fue prospectivo, longitudinal, observacional, en 101 pacientes ing...

  18. Intervención paisajista en áreas degradadas-ecoparque Canteras de Mármol en Santa Rosa

    OpenAIRE

    Cóndor Bermeo, Juan Carlos

    2009-01-01

    El proyecto de tesis para intervención en áreas degradadas comprende dos etapas principales, la primera trata de definir una aproximación al concepto de paisaje, los diferentes elementos que lo componen e intervienen en su análisis, y reflexiones sobre el tema de la Arquitectura del paisaje con la estética del paisaje como herramienta importante para la creación de nuevos entornos capaces de ser: agradables, armónicos, acogedores, sostenibles, autosustentables y favorezcan a disminuir la...

  19. Rosa Luxemburg: revolução e democracia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabel Maria Loureiro

    1988-12-01

    Full Text Available Revolução e Terror andaram sempre de braços dados? Uma parcela significativa do que foi outrora a esquerda acredita que sim e propõe o fortalecimento da democracia como alternativa à revolução, vista como fonte do totalitarismo. Este artigo procura contribuir para esse debate, mostrando a alternativa revolucionária e democrática apresentada por Rosa Luxemburg. Para ela, a democracia não é um valor universal abstrato, mas justamente o resultado de um processo revolucionário em que as massas proletárias, atuando com irrestrita liberdade, lançam os fundamentos de uma "nova época". Entretanto, a revolução alemã, em que Rosa Luxemburg e Karl Liebknecht tiveram um papel central, fracassa e ambos são assassinados. Derrota que traça, de certa forma, o destino da Alemanha contemporânea.

  20. Micromorphology of Rosa rugosa Thunb. petal epidermis secreting fragrant substances

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aneta Sulborska

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The intensely fragrant flowers of the Rosa rugosa Thunb. have been applied in medicine, and food and cosmetic industries. The species is cultivated for production of rose essential oil (Oleum Rosae from its flowers. R. rugosa petals secrete the largest quantities of essential oil. The aim of the study was to identify the characteristics of the epidermis of both sides of the petal and to observe whether adaxial and abaxial epidermal cells can secrete essential oil. The investigations were conducted using light and scanning electron microscopy. The analyses were focused on petal thickness and characteristics of the mesophyll. The study has demon- strated that only adaxial epidermal cells form conical papillae covered by massive cuticular striae. The surface of the papillae displayed remnants of a secretory substance. In turn, the inner walls of the abaxial epidermal cells were flat and covered by a striated cuticle, which exhibited various striation patterns. Frarant substances stored under the cuticle caused local stretching thereof and disappearance of striation. The results of our observations allow a statement that the cells of the adaxial and abaxial epidermis of R. rugosa petals differ in terms of the structure and they secrete fragrant substances.

  1. CORÍN TELLADO Y LA NOVELA ROSA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Encarna Alonso Valero

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Resumen: Las novelas de Corín Tellado marcaron la vida de varias generaciones de mujeres y también de muchos hombres. Sufrió los reproches habituales a la novela comercial y de éxito, además del desprecio dedicado a la llamada novela rosa al ser considerada un género menor y fundamentalmente para mujeres. En este artículo nos proponemos analizar cómo con frecuencia ese tipo de juicios no son literarios sino sociales, juicios sociales denegados. Además, estudiaremos las novelas de Corín Tellado, que influyeron enormemente en la “educación sentimental” de las mujeres durante el franquismo, y analizaremos el modelo de mujer que presentan. Abstract: The novels of Corín Tellado marked the life of several generations of women, as well as of many men. She suffered the criticisms habitually levelled at commercially successful novels, especially the so-called novela rosa, or popular romance novel, because of its reputation as a minor genre aimed primarily at women. This paper aims to show that these judgments are often not literary but social. The paper will also examine Corín Tellado's novels, which greatly influenced the 'sentimental education' of women during the Franco regime, and we will analyze the models of woman that theses romances present.

  2. Active biomonitoring of heavy metal pollution using Rosa rugosa plants

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Calzoni, Gian Lorenzo [Dip. Biologia, Universita di Bologna, via Irnerio 42, 40126 Bologna (Italy)], E-mail: gianlorenzo.calzoni@unibo.it; Antognoni, Fabiana [Dip. Biologia, Universita di Bologna, via Irnerio 42, 40126 Bologna (Italy)], E-mail: fabiana.antognoni@unibo.it; Pari, Elena [Gruppo CSA-SpA, via al Torrente 22, Rimini (Italy)], E-mail: epari@csaricerche.com; Fonti, Paolo [Gruppo CSA-SpA, via al Torrente 22, Rimini (Italy)], E-mail: pfonti@csaricerche.com; Gnes, Antonio [ARPA - Agenzia Regionale Protezione Ambientale, Sez. Provinciale di Ravenna, via Alberoni 17, Ravenna (Italy)], E-mail: agnes@ra.arpa.emr.it; Speranza, Anna [Dip. Biologia, Universita di Bologna, via Irnerio 42, 40126 Bologna (Italy)], E-mail: anna.speranza@unibo.it

    2007-09-15

    The purpose of this work was to evaluate the quality of a rural area near Faenza (Italy) by using an active biomonitoring approach, i.e., by placing homogeneous individuals of the perennial shrub Rosa rugosa in different sites throughout the area. Further sites, within the city or its environs, were used for comparison. Soil and leaves of R. rugosa were analyzed for their heavy metal content. The total heavy metal pattern of leaves closely paralleled the pattern registered in soil, with the highest content (both in total and assimilable forms) at the site in the urban area, which is exposed to heavy traffic. Pollen quality (abortiveness and viability) was also tested as a potential indicator of pollution. Pollen abortiveness was strictly related to Pb levels in leaves, while viability was inversely related to leaf Cr content. Our results suggest that R. rugosa has the potential to be a good biomonitoring system. - Rosa rugosa leaves and pollen are - to different extents - suitable monitoring tools for heavy metal pollution.

  3. Coastal Processes Study of Santa Barbara and Ventura Counties, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barnard, Patrick L.; Revell, David L.; Hoover, Dan; Warrick, Jon; Brocatus, John; Draut, Amy E.; Dartnell, Pete; Elias, Edwin; Mustain, Neomi; Hart, Pat E.; Ryan, Holly F.

    2009-01-01

    , significant transport reversals occur intermittently in the east/south, especially adjacent to the Ventura and Channel Islands Harbors. For this reason, and due to the episodic nature of flood and storm wave events, using dredging rates from the harbors at Ventura and Channel Islands as a proxy for drift rates may be invalid. An extensive grain-size investigation of the surface and shallow subsurface in the nearshore region of the SBLC identified only two sites for potential beach-nourishment material: offshore of Santa Barbara Harbor and Oil Piers. However, seismic-reflection lines offshore of Santa Barbara suggest shallow bedrock (nourishment, would likely have a severely limited life span without employing additional measures that adequately address local littoral-drift gradients to retain added sand.

  4. Bioactive compounds of Rosa canina L. biotypes from spontaneous flora of Republic of Macedonia

    OpenAIRE

    Kostik, Vesna; Bauer, Biljana

    2015-01-01

    The genus Rosa contains over 100 species that are widely distributed mostly in Europe, Asia, the Middle East and North America. Rosa canina L. (dog rose) is an erect shrub of up to 3.5 meters height, sometimes climbing; its branches are often curved or arched. Petals are white to pale pink, rarely deep pink and fruit ripens late. Information about the biology and biochemistry of Rosa canina L. has allowed a good documentation by presenting it in several ways (botanical, agro technical, chemi...

  5. Fungos, criptógamas e outros palinomorfos holocênicos (7908±30 anos AP-atual da Planície Costeira sul-catarinense, Brasil Fungi, cryptogams and other palynomorphs in the Holocene sediments of the South Coastal Plain of Santa Catarina, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Rodrigues Cancelli

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Neste estudo são apresentados os resultados palinológicos qualitativos equivalentes às análises paleoambientais realizadas em duas seções turfáceas na Planície Costeira sul do estado de Santa Catarina, nos municípios de Santa Rosa do Sul e São João do Sul. Uma amostra da base do testemunho de Santa Rosa do Sul foi datada (14C em 7908±33 anos AP, referente ao Holoceno inferior. A análise palinológica permitiu identificações taxonômicas, com descrições e ilustrações de 54 palinomorfos, relativos a fungos (21, algas (5, acritarcas (1, incertae sedis (1, briófitos (2, pteridófitos (15, pólen de gimnospermas (2, e outros palinomorfos (1 cápsula de briófitos, 4 fragmentos de invertebrados e 2 palinoforaminíferos indeterminados, cujos registros modernos expressam diferentes hábitos de vida. O trabalho tem como objetivos contribuir para o conhecimento dos vestígios da vegetação e táxons relacionados depositados na Planície Costeira sul-catarinense durante o Holoceno. As análises palinológicas conseguintes auxiliarão na interpretação dos paleoambientes e paleoclimas relacionados neste setor da costa brasileira.This paper presents the results of a palynological analysis carried out on two cores taken from the south Coastal Plain of the Santa Rosa do Sul and São João do Sul municipalities, in the state of Santa Catarina. A basal sample from the Santa Rosa do Sul core furnished a 14C age of 7908±33 yr BP, from the Lower Holocene. Palynological analysis of the material allowed for taxonomic identifications, and resulted in descriptions and illustrations of 54 palynomorphs related to fungi (21, algae (5, acritarchs (1, incertae sedis (1, bryophytes (2, ferns (15, gymnosperm pollen (2 and other palynomorphs (1 bryophyte capsule, 4 invertebrate fragments, and 2 indeterminate palynoforaminifers, which express different ecological patterns. This work aimed to contribute to the knowledge of the plant and fungal fossils

  6. Studies on Preservation of Rosa cvs and Rosa Xanthina Cut Flowers%月季、黄刺玫的切花保鲜剂

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李月华; 韩劲; 肖武

    2001-01-01

    本文对月季(Rosa cvs)和黄刺玫(Rosa xanthina)进行了鲜切花保鲜研究。结果表明,苯甲酸对月季鲜切花保鲜的效果优于柠檬酸;而5号保鲜液即4%蔗糖+150mg/L 8-羟基喹啉硫酸盐+40mg/L苯甲酸+20mg/L硝酸银效果最佳。保鲜液对黄刺玫效果不明显。%The focus of this article is preservation of Rosa cvs and Rosa xanthina cut flowers.Draw a conclusion,Benzoic acid's effect is better than Citrate acid's on the preservation of Rosa cvs;and the effect of 4% sucrose+150mg/L 8-Hydroxyquioline sulfate+40mg/L Benzoic acid +20mg/L silver nitrate

  7. [Structural organization of 5S ribosomal DNA of Rosa rugosa].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tynkevych, Iu O; Volkov, R A

    2014-01-01

    In order to clarify molecular organization of the genomic region encoding 5S rRNA in diploid species Rosa rugosa several 5S rDNA repeated units were cloned and sequenced. Analysis of the obtained sequences revealed that only one length variant of 5S rDNA repeated units, which contains intact promoter elements in the intergenic spacer region (IGS) and appears to be transcriptionally active is present in the genome. Additionally, a limited number of 5S rDNA pseudogenes lacking a portion of coding sequence and the complete IGS was detected. A high level of sequence similarity (from 93.7 to 97.5%) between the IGS of major 5S rDNA variants of East Asian R. rugosa and North American R. nitida was found indicating comparatively recent divergence of these species.

  8. Rose hip (Rosa canina L: A functional food perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cui Fan

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Rose hip (Rosa canina L. is the pseudo-fruit of the rose plant, which is widely known as a valuable source of polyphenols and vitamin C. Both in vivo and in vitro studies have demonstrated that this fruit exhibits anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and antiobesogenic activities. The health benefits of Rose hip (RH have been attributed to its wide range of bioactive compounds including the anti-inflammatory galactolipid: (2S-1,2-di-O-[(9Z,12Z,15Z-octadeca-9,12,15-trienoyl]-3-O-β-D galactopyranosyl glycerol (GOPO, vitamin C, phenolics, lycopene, lutein, zeaxanthin, and other carotenoids. As cyclooxygenase inhibitors, RH compounds may reduce the risk of cancer, heart disease, and various inflammatory conditions. The aim of this review is to present an overview of the functional, medical, and physiological properties of RH.

  9. Una aproximación al pensamiento de Rosa Luxemburgo

    OpenAIRE

    Slavin, Pablo E.

    2012-01-01

    ¿Por qué estudiar el pensamiento de Rosa Luxemburgo -1871-1919-, fallecida hace más de noventa años? ¿Qué importancia pueden tener las ideas de alguien que fue objeto de duras críticas entre sus contemporáneos compañeros de partido, e ignorada por los sectores ligados al comunismo a lo largo de todo el siglo XX? Polemista incansable, fue una de las mentes más brillantes que produjo el socialismo tras la muerte de Marx y Engels. No sólo tenía un gran conocimiento en materia de filosofía y polí...

  10. Una aproximación al pensamiento de Rosa Luxemburgo

    OpenAIRE

    Slavin, Pablo E.

    2012-01-01

    ¿Por qué estudiar el pensamiento de Rosa Luxemburgo -1871-1919-, fallecida hace más de noventa años? ¿Qué importancia pueden tener las ideas de alguien que fue objeto de duras críticas entre sus contemporáneos compañeros de partido, e ignorada por los sectores ligados al comunismo a lo largo de todo el siglo XX? Polemista incansable, fue una de las mentes más brillantes que produjo el socialismo tras la muerte de Marx y Engels. No sólo tenía un gran conocimiento en materia de filosofía y polí...

  11. Socialising Semiotic Mediation: Some Reflections on Rosa and Pievi's Paper

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Glaveanu, Vlad Petre

    2013-01-01

    This article aims to reflect on the relation between social representations theory (SRT) and a cultural psychological view of semiotics, as presented in Rosa and Pievi's paper (this issue). It is argued that a fruitful dialogue can be established between the two orientations, one that draws...... experience – as well as the ways in which the latter can benefit from engaging with the notion of social representations. Most of all, I propose that what a SRT-informed view of cultural psychology can offer us is a ‘socialized model of semiotic mediation', one that grounds the construction of knowledge...... at the level of different groups and communities and observes its dynamic evolution over time in close relation to these social milieus. The transformation of knowledge and its individual and social determinants are considered in detail by SRT researchers and can expand the rather narrow focus on sign, object...

  12. Comparative analysis of headspace volatiles of Chinese Rosa rugosa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feng, Li-Guo; Chen, Chen; Sheng, Li-Xia; Liu, Ping; Tao, Jun; Su, Jia-Le; Zhao, Lan-Yong

    2010-11-16

    The floral headspace compounds of Chinese Rosa rugosa germplasms that were isolated by an automated headspace sampler with built-in trap, and followed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry for identification and quantification. Up to 33 volatile compounds were identified from the 23 rose germplasms, including nine alcohols, five esters, three alkanes, 10 terpenes, three aldehydes, two ketones, and one ether. The main floral components identified were 2-phenylethanol, β-citronellol, ethanol, and n-hexane. 'xizi', 'miaofengshan', 'xiangciguo', and 'tangbai' contained the highest amounts of 2-phenylethanol at 84.66 μg·g⁻¹, β-citronellol at 70.98 μg·g⁻¹, ethanol at 83.87 μg·g⁻¹, and n-hexane at 18.23 μg·g⁻¹, respectively. 'Rongchengyesheng', 'tanghong', 'xizi', 'miaofengshan', and 'baizizhi' could be considered good materials for extracting rose oil and breeding new cultivars.

  13. Research Note: Rosa Luxemburg and the Global Violence of Capitalism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul LeBlanc

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Rosa Luxemburg’s pungent honesty is evident in her critical-minded and ‘unorthodox’ analysis of the economic expansionism of imperialism that arose out of the accumulation of capital. Despite an idiosyncratic reading and critique of Marx’s Capital, she sought to defend and advance the revolutionary perspectives of classical Marxism. Criticisms and counterpoised analyses offered by Rosdolsky, Bukharin, Lenin, and Robinson have not diminished what are generally seen as brilliant contributions. Militarism, war, and inhumanity are perceived as essential to imperialism in her analyses, and imperialism is seen as central to the nature of capitalism. Luxemburg’s account of global economic development reflect impressive economic insight, historical sweep, and anthropological sensitivity that impress critics as well partisans.

  14. Fruit quality of dog rose seedlings (Rosa canina L

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zoran ŠINDRAK

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available A dog rose (Rosa canina L is one of the most widespread wild species of the genus Rosa in our country, and fairly represented in the natural, rural and even urban areas. Although in the world a dog roses are studied, cultivated and refined, in Croatia its cultivation almost does not exists. In nature you can see major differences between plants, especially considering the size of the fruit, often in very small habitats. The study was conducted at 8 rose dog bushes at about 1 ha of abandoned experimental field 'Jazbina' in Zagreb. From each plant, 120 fruits were randomly collected at a technological maturity. The average fresh fruit weight ranged from 1.88 to 2.96 g, the average fresh flesh portion from 65.4 to 74.7 % and the average dry flesh matter content (after drying at 105 °C, in relation to the fresh fruit weight, from 22.9 to 28.6 %. The length, width, thickness, and shape of the fruits were significantly different (P≤0.05. Since plants were grown in uniform climatic and edaphic conditions, it can be concluded that a relatively large phenotypic, and probably the genotypic variability of dog rose plants exists in such a small location. With the reasonable assumption that the Croatian territory has a lot of similar dog rose habitats, the results of this study indicate a rich genetic potential of dog rose, which could be used for initial selection of plants with superior characteristics intended to be introduced in cultivation.

  15. ROSA: a high cadence, synchronized multi-camera solar imaging system

    CERN Document Server

    Jess, D B; Christian, D J; Keenan, F P; Ryans, R S I; Crockett, P J

    2009-01-01

    Rapid Oscillations in the Solar Atmosphere (ROSA) is a synchronized, six camera high cadence solar imaging instrument developed by Queen's University Belfast. The system is available on the Dunn Solar Telescope at the National Solar Observatory in Sunspot, New Mexico, USA as a common-user instrument. Consisting of six 1k x 1k Peltier-cooled frame-transfer CCD cameras with very low noise (0.02-15 e/s/pixel), each ROSA camera is capable of full-chip readout speeds in excess of 30 Hz, or 200 Hz when the CCD is windowed. Combining multiple cameras and fast readout rates, ROSA will accumulate approximately 12 TB of data per 8 hours observing. Following successful commissioning during August 2008, ROSA will allow multi-wavelength studies of the solar atmosphere at high temporal resolution.

  16. Breeding of Hibiscus rosa-sinensis for garden use in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kuligowska, Katarzyna; Simonsen, Maria Boye; Lütken, Henrik Vlk

    2013-01-01

    -sinensis for increased chilling tolerance by conventional breeding is unlikely because there is a lack of genetic information in relation to this trait within this species. In the Hibiscus genus, cold hardiness is available, but only in a few species. Attempts to create cold tolerant Hibiscus plants resembling H. rosa......Hibiscus rosa-sinensis is an ornamental shrub in tropical and subtropical regions. Limitation of its use as an outdoor ornamental plant in a temperate climate is due to chilling sensitivity. Cold hardiness is a highly complex trait, involving multiple genes. Improvement of H. rosa......-sinensis suitable for Nordic climate have not been successful so far. In ornamental breeding wide hybridization is a major source of genetic variation, and can also be a promising approach to introgress cold hardiness in H. rosa-sinensis. The objective of the present study is to evaluate the possibilities...

  17. Breeding of Hibiscus rosa-sinensis for garden use in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kuligowska, Katarzyna; Simonsen, Maria Boye; Lütken, Henrik Vlk

    2013-01-01

    Hibiscus rosa-sinensis is an ornamental shrub in tropical and subtropical regions. Limitation of its use as an outdoor ornamental plant in a temperate climate is due to chilling sensitivity. Cold hardiness is a highly complex trait, involving multiple genes. Improvement of H. rosa......-sinensis for increased chilling tolerance by conventional breeding is unlikely because there is a lack of genetic information in relation to this trait within this species. In the Hibiscus genus, cold hardiness is available, but only in a few species. Attempts to create cold tolerant Hibiscus plants resembling H. rosa......-sinensis suitable for Nordic climate have not been successful so far. In ornamental breeding wide hybridization is a major source of genetic variation, and can also be a promising approach to introgress cold hardiness in H. rosa-sinensis. The objective of the present study is to evaluate the possibilities...

  18. Geïntegreerde bestrijding van rozenschildluis Aulacapsis rosae in roos

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pijnakker, J.; Leman, A.; Hennekam, M.

    2013-01-01

    In dit project is gekeken naar de bestrijdingsmogelijkheden van de rozenschildluis Aulacaspis rosae met insecticiden en met natuurlijke vijanden. Daarnaast werd de ontwikkeling van de plaag in de praktijk nauwkeurig vervolgd. Bij telers zijn twee spontaan optredende sluipwespen gevonden: Arrhenophag

  19. Enhanced Mission-Enabling Ultra-High Power Solar Array (Mega-ROSA EX) Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Mega-ROSA-EX is an enhanced, higher stiffness, higher sun-pointing accuracy, higher strength, higher specific power and even larger overall power / deployed size /...

  20. High-Performance Elastically Self-Deployed Roll-Out Solar Array (ROSA) Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Deployable Space Systems (DSS) has developed an ultra-lightweight elastically self-deployable roll-out solar array (ROSA) structural platform that when combined with...

  1. Vascular plants from the Galápagos Islands: new records and taxonomic notes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Werff, van der Henk

    1977-01-01

    From April 1974 to October 1975 the author conducted field work on the Galápagos Islands for a vegetation study of Santa Cruz and Volcán Alcedo, Isabela. Plants were collected on other islands as well. Thirty-five taxa are new for the archipelago. When determining the material, I found some changes

  2. Santa Barbara Final Technical Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hacker, Angela; Hansen, Sherman; Watkins, Ashley

    2013-11-30

    This report serves as the Final Report for Santa Barbara County’s Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant (EECBG) BetterBuildings Neighborhood Program (BBNP) award from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). This report explains how DOE BBNP funding was invested to develop robust program infrastructure designed to help property owners complete energy improvements, thereby generating substantial outcomes for the local environment and economy. It provides an overview of program development and design within the grant period, program accomplishments and challenges to date, and a plan for the future sustainability of emPower, the County’s innovative clean energy and building efficiency program. During the grant period, Santa Barbara County’s emPower program primarily targeted 32,000 owner occupied, single family, detached residential homes over 25 years old within the County. In order to help these homeowners and their contractors overcome market barriers to completing residential energy improvements, the program developed and promoted six voluntary, market-based service areas: 1) low cost residential financing (loan loss reserve with two local credit unions), 2) residential rebates, 3) local customer service, 4) expert energy advising, 5) workforce development and training, and 6) marketing, education and outreach. The main goals of the program were to lower building energy use, create jobs and develop a lasting regional building performance market. These services have generated important early outcomes and lessons after the program’s first two years in service. The DOE BBNP funding was extended through October 2014 to enable Santa Barbara County to generate continued outcomes. In fact, funding related to residential financing remains wholly available for the foreseeable future to continue offering Home Upgrade Loans to approximately 1,300 homeowners. The County’s investment of DOE BBNP funding was used to build a lasting, effective, and innovative

  3. Anthelmintic Activities of Aporphine from Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn. cv. Rosa-plena against Hymenolepis nana

    OpenAIRE

    Rong-Jyh Lin; Mei-Hsuan Wu; Yi-Hsuan Ma; Li-Yu Chung; Chung-Yi Chen; Chuan-Min Yen

    2014-01-01

    Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn. cv. Rosa-plena (Nelumbonaceae), commonly known as lotus, is a perennial aquatic plant grown and consumed throughout Asia. All parts of N. nucifera have been used for various medicinal purposes in oriental medicine. From the leaves of Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn. cv. Rosa-plena (an aquatic plant), liriodenine (1), lysicamine (2), (-)-anonaine (3), (-)-asimilobine (4), (-)-caaverine (5), (-)-N-methylasimilobine (6), (-)-nuciferine (7), (-)-nornuciferine (8), (-)-roemeri...

  4. Anthelmintic Activities of Aporphine from Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn. cv. Rosa-plena against Hymenolepis nana

    OpenAIRE

    Lin, Rong-Jyh; Wu, Mei-Hsuan; Ma, Yi-Hsuan; Chung, Li-Yu; Chen, Chung-Yi; Yen, Chuan-Min

    2014-01-01

    Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn. cv. Rosa-plena (Nelumbonaceae), commonly known as lotus, is a perennial aquatic plant grown and consumed throughout Asia. All parts of N. nucifera have been used for various medicinal purposes in oriental medicine. From the leaves of Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn. cv. Rosa-plena (an aquatic plant), liriodenine (1), lysicamine (2), (-)-anonaine (3), (-)-asimilobine (4), (-)-caaverine (5), (-)-N-methylasimilobine (6), (-)-nuciferine (7), (-)-nornuciferine (8), (-)-roemerine (...

  5. Chemical composition, antimicrobial, antioxidant and cytotoxic activity of Rosa centifolia L. essential oil

    OpenAIRE

    Nikolić, Miloš; Isabel C. F. R. Ferreira; Calhelha, Ricardo C.; Ângela FERNANDES; Marković, Dejan; Marković, Tatjana; Ćirić, Ana; Glamočlija, Jasmina; Soković, Marina

    2013-01-01

    The genus Rosa comprises more than 200 species appreciated for their use in perfume and cosmetic industry. The aim of this study was to investigate chemical composition, antimicrobial, antioxidant and cytotoxic activities of Rosa centifolia L. essential oil, in an attempt to contribute to the use of this plant as alternative product for microbial control and cancer therapy. The results of GC/MS analysis showed the presence of 12 components. The major constituents were: phenyl ethyl alcohol (5...

  6. A modified RMCE-compatible Rosa26 locus for the expression of transgenes from exogenous promoters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tchorz, Jan S; Suply, Thomas; Ksiazek, Iwona; Giachino, Claudio; Cloëtta, Dimitri; Danzer, Claus-Peter; Doll, Thierry; Isken, Andrea; Lemaistre, Marianne; Taylor, Verdon; Bettler, Bernhard; Kinzel, Bernd; Mueller, Matthias

    2012-01-01

    Generation of gain-of-function transgenic mice by targeting the Rosa26 locus has been established as an alternative to classical transgenic mice produced by pronuclear microinjection. However, targeting transgenes to the endogenous Rosa26 promoter results in moderate ubiquitous expression and is not suitable for high expression levels. Therefore, we now generated a modified Rosa26 (modRosa26) locus that combines efficient targeted transgenesis using recombinase-mediated cassette exchange (RMCE) by Flipase (Flp-RMCE) or Cre recombinase (Cre-RMCE) with transgene expression from exogenous promoters. We silenced the endogenous Rosa26 promoter and characterized several ubiquitous (pCAG, EF1α and CMV) and tissue-specific (VeCad, αSMA) promoters in the modRosa26 locus in vivo. We demonstrate that the ubiquitous pCAG promoter in the modRosa26 locus now offers high transgene expression. While tissue-specific promoters were all active in their cognate tissues they additionally led to rare ectopic expression. To achieve high expression levels in a tissue-specific manner, we therefore combined Flp-RMCE for rapid ES cell targeting, the pCAG promoter for high transgene levels and Cre/LoxP conditional transgene activation using well-characterized Cre lines. Using this approach we generated a Cre/LoxP-inducible reporter mouse line with high EGFP expression levels that enables cell tracing in live cells. A second reporter line expressing luciferase permits efficient monitoring of Cre activity in live animals. Thus, targeting the modRosa26 locus by RMCE minimizes the effort required to target ES cells and generates a tool for the use exogenous promoters in combination with single-copy transgenes for predictable expression in mice.

  7. Faroe Islands

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christoffersen, Lisbet

    2015-01-01

    An update introduction including recent legislative changes on the Folkchurch of the Faroe Islands......An update introduction including recent legislative changes on the Folkchurch of the Faroe Islands...

  8. The SantaBot experiment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Søren Tranberg; Svenstrup, Mikael; Andersen, Hans Jørgen

    2009-01-01

    interactive mobile agents into public urban transit area. To investigate the hypothesis, an experiment was carried out using a robot capable of navigating autonomously based on the input of an onboard laser scanner. The robot would detect and follow random people, who afterwards were asked to fill out......The video shows how an autonomous mobile robot dressed as Santa Claus is interacting with people in a shopping mall. The underlying hypothesis is that it is possible to create interesting new living spaces and induce value in terms of experiences, information or economics, by putting socially...... a questionnaire for quantitative analysis of the experiment. The presented video is the corresponding video documentation of the experiment used in the evaluation. The results showed that people were generally positive towards having mobile robots in this type of environment where shopping is combined...

  9. Primer registro de Podosphaera pannosa (Ascomycota sobre Rosa canina en Argentina First record of Podosphaera pannosa (Ascomycota on Rosa canina in Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karen D. Lediuk

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Se cita por primera vez a Rosa canina L. como hospedador del oídio Podosphaera pannosa (Wallr. de Bary en Argentina. A pesar de desarrollarse sobre diferentes órganos de la planta (hojas, tallo y frutos este patógeno no parece afectar de manera apreciable el crecimiento del arbusto exótico.This is the first record of Rosa canina L. as a host of Podosphaera pannosa (Wallr. de Bary in Argentina. Although developed on different plant organs (leaves, stems and fruits this pathogen does not seem to affect appreciably the growth of the exotic shrub.

  10. 'Rosa mineira': novo cultivar IAC de ameixa pouco exigente de frio 'Rosa mineira': a new low-chilling requirement plum cultivar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mário Ojima

    1983-01-01

    Full Text Available 'Rosa Mineira' (IAC K-48 is a new plum cultivar selected for adaptation to the mild winter climatic condition prevailing in the State of São Paulo. It is the result of plum breeding program conducted at the Instituto Agronômico, São Paulo, Brazil. 'Rosa Mineira' was obtained as a seedling from the open-pollinated cultivar Kelsey Paulista. Its most important characteristics besides the low-chilling requirement are the great tree vigour, high productivity, red flesh, and good taste.

  11. Género, literatura y memoria en la España del último entresiglos : Eduardo Mendicutti, Rosa Regàs y Rosa Montero

    OpenAIRE

    Bonatto, Adriana Virginia

    2014-01-01

    Esta investigación se propone estudiar las representaciones del pasado reciente y los procesos literarios de reapropiación de la memoria colectiva en una selección de novelas pertenecientes a Eduardo Mendicutti (El palomo cojo, de 1991), Rosa Montero (La hija del caníbal, publicada en 1997), Rosa Regás (Luna lunera, de 1999) como exponentes, las dos últimas, de la narrativa española escrita por mujeres durante la década del noventa y, en el caso de Mendicutti, del giro queer que protagoniza l...

  12. Contours--Offshore of Santa Barbara, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of SIM 3281 presents data for the bathymetric contours for several seafloor maps (see sheets 1, 2, 3, 7, 10, SIM 3281) of the Offshore of Santa Barbara...

  13. La Ex Hacienda de Santa Cruz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Berta Pinto de Estrada

    1975-06-01

    Full Text Available Ex hacienda Santa Cruz was chosen to show the differences in the geographic and economic structure, and the historic causes that originated them, as an example of ihe situation in the northem part of Campeche.

  14. Folds--Offshore Santa Cruz, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of DS 781 presents data for the folds for the geologic and geomorphic map of the Offshore Santa Cruz map area, California. The vector data file is...

  15. Faults--Offshore Santa Cruz, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of DS 781 presents data for the faults for the geologic and geomorphic map of the Offshore Santa Cruz map area, California. The vector data file is...

  16. Folds--Offshore Santa Cruz, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of DS 781 presents data for the folds for the geologic and geomorphic map of the Offshore Santa Cruz map area, California. The vector data file is included...

  17. Folds--Offshore Santa Cruz, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of DS 781 presents data for the folds for the geologic and geomorphic map of the Offshore Santa Cruz map area, California. The vector data file is included...

  18. Faults--Offshore Santa Cruz, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of DS 781 presents data for the faults for the geologic and geomorphic map of the Offshore Santa Cruz map area, California. The vector data file is...

  19. Habitat--Offshore of Santa Barbara, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of SIM 3281 presents data for the habitat map of the seafloor (see sheet 7, SIM 3281) of the Offshore of Santa Barbara map area, California. The vector...

  20. Bathymetry--Offshore Santa Cruz, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of DS 781 presents data for the bathymetry and shaded-relief maps of Offshore Santa Cruz, California. The raster data file is included in...

  1. Habitat--Offshore Santa Cruz, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of DS 781 presents data for the habitat map of the seafloor of the Offshore of Santa Cruz map area, California. The vector data file is included in...

  2. Folds--Offshore of Santa Barbara, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of SIM 3281 presents data for folds for the geologic and geomorphic map (see sheet 10, SIM 3281) of the Offshore of Santa Barbara map area, California. The...

  3. Habitat--Offshore Santa Cruz, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of DS 781 presents data for the habitat map of the seafloor of the Offshore of Santa Cruz map area, California. The vector data file is included in...

  4. Bathymetry Hillshade--Offshore Santa Cruz, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of DS 781 presents data for the bathymetry and shaded-relief maps of Offshore Santa Cruz, California. The raster data file is included in...

  5. Contours--Offshore Santa Cruz, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of DS 781 presents data for the bathymetric contours for several seafloor maps of the Offshore Santa Cruz map area, California. The vector data file is...

  6. Faults--Offshore of Santa Barbara, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of SIM 3281 presents data for folds for the geologic and geomorphic map (see sheet 10, SIM 3281) of the Offshore of Santa Barbara map area, California....

  7. Folds--Offshore of Santa Barbara, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of SIM 3281 presents data for folds for the geologic and geomorphic map (see sheet 10, SIM 3281) of the Offshore of Santa Barbara map area, California....

  8. Bathymetry--Offshore Santa Cruz, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of DS 781 presents data for the bathymetry and shaded-relief maps of Offshore Santa Cruz, California. The raster data file is included in...

  9. Backscatter [SWATH]--Offshore Santa Cruz, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of DS 781 presents data for the acoustic-backscatter map of Offshore of Santa Cruz map area, California. Backscatter data are provided as three separate...

  10. Backscatter [SWATH]--Offshore Santa Cruz, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of DS 781 presents data for the acoustic-backscatter map of Offshore of Santa Cruz map area, California. Backscatter data are provided as three separate...

  11. Faults--Offshore of Santa Barbara, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of SIM 3281 presents data for folds for the geologic and geomorphic map (see sheet 10, SIM 3281) of the Offshore of Santa Barbara map area, California. The...

  12. Faults--Offshore of Santa Barbara, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of SIM 3281 presents data for folds for the geologic and geomorphic map (see sheet 10, SIM 3281) of the Offshore of Santa Barbara map area, California. The...

  13. Folds--Offshore of Santa Barbara, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of SIM 3281 presents data for folds for the geologic and geomorphic map (see sheet 10, SIM 3281) of the Offshore of Santa Barbara map area, California. The...

  14. Bathymetry Hillshade--Offshore Santa Cruz, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of DS 781 presents data for the bathymetry and shaded-relief maps of Offshore Santa Cruz, California. The raster data file is included in...

  15. Contours--Offshore Santa Cruz, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of DS 781 presents data for the bathymetric contours for several seafloor maps of the Offshore Santa Cruz map area, California. The vector data file is...

  16. CHARACTERIZATION OF ENDOPHYTIC MICROFLORA OF ROSA CANINA FRUITS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katarína Rovná

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available There aren’t a lot of studies about the bacterial communities associated with the Rosa canina and the aim of this study was to characterize endophytic bacteria from fruit of Rosa canina. The fruits of R. canina, which is growing wild in Slovakia, were collected in May 2013 from four locations: Nitra-Zobor, Vrbové-Baraní dvor, Rišňovce, Modra pažiť, Slovakia. Microbiological analyses were conducted by use of standard microbiological methods by spreading of fruits homogenates onto agar plate. Total viable count and mesophilic anaerobic sporulating bacteria were determined on Plate Count Agar after incubation for 2 days at 37 °C. Pseudomonas aeruginosa enumeration was carried out after incubation of Pseudomonas Isolation agar at 48 h at 35 °C. For members of the family Enterobacteriaceae (45 °C Violet Red Bile Glucose agar were used and incubation was carried out for 24 h at 37 °C. For determinations of fungal colonies Malt agar and Czapek-Dox agar were inoculated using the spread-plate technique and incubated at 25 °C for 5 days. The yeasts were grown in Glucose Yeast Peptone agar (aerobiosis at 25 °C during 72 hours. The total viable count of fruits ranged from 4.07 log cfu.g-1 in Rišňovce to 4.84 log cfu.g-1 in Vrbové Baraní dvor. Number of mesophilic anaerobic sporulating bacteria ranged from 4.09 in Vrbové Baraní dvor to 4.82 log cfu.g-1 in Modrá pažiť. Number of Pseudomonas aeruginosa count ranged from 2.00 in Nitra Zobor and Vrbové Baraní dvor to 3.94 log cfu.g-1 in Modrá pažiť. In our study the number of Enterobacteriaceae genera ranged from 3.38 in Nitra Zobor to 4.25 log cfu.g-1 in Vrbové Baraní dvor. Number of yeasts ranged from 3.36 in Vrbové Baraní dvor to 3.85 log cfu.g-1 in Modrá pažiť. Number of microscopic filamentous fungi ranged from 2.60 in Modrá Pažiť to 3.52 log cfu.g-1 in Nitra Zobor. Our findings indicate that Rose plant is naturally associated with a variety of endophytic microorganisms

  17. Galapagos Islands

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-01-01

    This true-color image of the Galapagos Islands was acquired on March 12, 2002, by the Moderate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS), flying aboard NASA's Terra satellite. The Galapagos Islands, which are part of Ecuador, sit in the Pacific Ocean about 1000 km (620 miles) west of South America. As the three craters on the largest island (Isabela Island) suggest, the archipelago was created by volcanic eruptions, which took place millions of years ago. Unlike most remote islands in the Pacific, the Galapagos have gone relatively untouched by humans over the past few millennia. As a result, many unique species have continued to thrive on the islands. Over 95 percent of the islands' reptile species and nearly three quarters of its land bird species cannot be found anywhere else in the world. Two of the more well known are the Galapagos giant tortoise and marine iguanas. The unhindered evolutionary development of the islands' species inspired Charles Darwin to begin The Origin of Species eight years after his visit there. To preserve the unique wildlife on the islands, the Ecuadorian government made the entire archipelago a national park in 1959. Each year roughly 60,000 tourists visit these islands to experience what Darwin did over a century and a half ago. Image courtesy Jacques Descloitres, MODIS Land Rapid Response Team at NASA GSFC

  18. Rosa Luxemburg and the Constructing of a Political Subject

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wiktor Marzec

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Rosa Luxemburg is not only an economic author. In texts written indramatic days of 1905 revolution she presented a path-breaking account of constructionof political subjectivities, and thus revolutionary subject, in the very processof revolutionary struggles. The political dimension of her interventions shed anew light on her overall theoretical oeuvre. There is a constant tension between adetermination of revolutionary process by economy and a political construction ofrevolutionary subject out of plurality of social demands. This article is an attemptto “symptomally read” of her texts, as evidence – I argue – of her theoretical strugglewith the political – a radical contingency of the political dimension, whichemerged in the given historical circumstances. Therefore, her works from 1905period could be read as a very early attempt to comprehend the problem, whichwe are still dealing now in thinking revolutionary and emancipatory politics. However,a “closure”in the certain intellectual horizon prevented Luxemburg from drawingultimate consequences of this condition. Nevertheless, the political is still an “invisible cause” generating tension and peculiar theoretical oscillation in Luxemburg’sthinking.

  19. Comparative Analysis of Headspace Volatiles of Chinese Rosa rugosa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lan-Yong Zhao

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available The floral headspace compounds of Chinese Rosa rugosa germplasms that were isolated by an automated headspace sampler with built-in trap, and followed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry for identification and quantification. Up to 33 volatile compounds were identified from the 23 rose germplasms, including nine alcohols, five esters, three alkanes, 10 terpenes, three aldehydes, two ketones, and one ether. The main floral components identified were 2-phenylethanol, β-citronellol, ethanol, and n-hexane. ‘xizi’, ‘miaofengshan’, ‘xiangciguo’, and ‘tangbai’ contained the highest amounts of 2-phenylethanol  at 84.66 μg·g-1, β-citronellol at 70.98 μg·g-1, ethanol at 83.87 μg·g-1, and n-hexane at 18.23 μg·g-1, respectively. ‘Rongchengyesheng’, ‘tanghong’, ‘xizi’, ‘miaofengshan’, and ‘baizizhi’ could be considered good materials for extracting rose oil and breeding new cultivars.

  20. Fullerene-based symmetry in Hibiscus rosa-sinensis pollen.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kleber Andrade

    Full Text Available The fullerene molecule belongs to the so-called super materials. The compound is interesting due to its spherical configuration where atoms occupy positions forming a mechanically stable structure. We first demonstrate that pollen of Hibiscus rosa-sinensis has a strong symmetry regarding the distribution of its spines over the spherical grain. These spines form spherical hexagons and pentagons. The distance between atoms in fullerene is explained applying principles of flat, spherical, and spatial geometry, based on Euclid's "Elements" book, as well as logic algorithms. Measurements of the pollen grain take into account that the true spine lengths, and consequently the real distances between them, are measured to the periphery of each grain. Algorithms are developed to recover the spatial effects lost in 2D photos. There is a clear correspondence between the position of atoms in the fullerene molecule and the position of spines in the pollen grain. In the fullerene the separation gives the idea of equal length bonds which implies perfectly distributed electron clouds while in the pollen grain we suggest that the spines being equally spaced carry an electrical charge originating in forces involved in the pollination process.

  1. α-Glucosidase Inhibitors from Fruits of Rosa canina L.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Behvar Asghari

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available As part of ongoing project on screening plants used in Iranian folk medicine to treatment of diabetes, α-glucosidase inhibition activities of Rosa canina extracts have been tested. The acetone extract of the plant exhibited significant inhibition with IC 50 value of 0.3 µg/ml. The enzyme based assay guided fractionation of the acetone extract led to the isolation of daucosterol (1 and D-glucono-1,4-lactone (2, as highly active α-glucosidase inhibitors. Their structures were determined by 1H- and 13C-NMR spectroscopic evidences. The IC 50 values of daucosterol and D-glucono-1,4-lactone on yeast α-glucosidase were 13.3 and 6.5 µM, respectively, while IC 50 of acarbose was 16.1 µM, as a positive control. The Lineweaver-Burk plots analysis elucidated that both of the compounds inhibited the enzyme competitively. The study suggests that isolated compounds can be good candidates as α-glucosidase inhibitors and provide strong rationale for more in vivo studies.

  2. Socialising Semiotic Mediation: Some Reflections on Rosa and Pievi's Paper

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Glaveanu, V.

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to reflect on the relation between social representations theory (SRT and a cultural psychological view of semiotics, as presented in Rosa and Pievi's paper (this issue. It is argued that a fruitful dialogue can be established between the two orientations, one that draws on similarities but also addresses and exploits several important conceptual differences. The article proceeds by outlining the areas in which SRT can be enriched by a semiotic account – such as incorporating a more clearly articulated theory of signs and unpacking further the role of mediated action and personal experience – as well as the ways in which the latter can benefit from engaging with the notion of social representations. Most of all, I propose that what a SRT-informed view of cultural psychology can offer us is a ‘socialized model of semiotic mediation', one that grounds the construction of knowledge at the level of different groups and communities and observes its dynamic evolution over time in close relation to these social milieus. The transformation of knowledge and its individual and social determinants are considered in detail by SRT researchers and can expand the rather narrow focus on sign, object and meaning in more traditional forms of semiotic analysis. In the end, some methodological reflections are offered and the existence of social representations as a phenomenon is affirmed beyond the realm of purely scientific construction.

  3. Analysis of ROSA 1.1 test with TRACE code: ECSS water injection under natural circulation conditions; Analisis con el codigo TRACE del test ROSA 1.1: Inyeccion de agua ECCS bajo condiciones de circulacion natural

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Julibe, A. J.; Munoz-Coba, J. L.; Escriva, A.; Romero, A.

    2010-07-01

    This paper is based on modelling the ROSA 1.1 test by TRACE code. The ROSA 1.1 test presents several natural flow phases in biphasic conditions and this was the cause of this work. Therefore, the aim of this paper is verify the TRACE code ability to simulate such flows using standard components and modules.

  4. Expression of transgenes targeted to the Gt(ROSA26Sor locus is orientation dependent.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Douglas Strathdee

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Targeting transgenes to a chosen location in the genome has a number of advantages. A single copy of the DNA construct can be inserted by targeting into regions of chromatin that allow the desired developmental and tissue-specific expression of the transgene. METHODOLOGY: In order to develop a reliable system for reproducibly expressing transgenes it was decided to insert constructs at the Gt(ROSA26Sor locus. A cytomegalovirus (CMV promoter was used to drive expression of the Tetracycline (tet transcriptional activator, rtTA2(s-M2, and test the effectiveness of using the ROSA26 locus to allow transgene expression. The tet operator construct was inserted into one allele of ROSA26 and a tet responder construct controlling expression of EGFP was inserted into the other allele. CONCLUSIONS: Expression of the targeted transgenes was shown to be affected by both the presence of selectable marker cassettes and by the orientation of the transgenes with respect to the endogenous ROSA26 promoter. These results suggest that transcriptional interference from the endogenous gene promoter or from promoters in the selectable marker cassettes may be affecting transgene expression at the locus. Additionally we have been able to determine the optimal orientation for transgene expression at the ROSA26 locus.

  5. 令人陶醉的Santa Fe

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘小松

    1999-01-01

    假如用汉字代替Santa Fe,这个名字就失去了许多诗意。四百多年来,Santa Fe市吸引了全世界的人们。人们惊叹她的新墨西哥式的自然美,享受那里宜人的气候,赞美那丰富的西班牙和印第安文化。Santa Fe是美国最早的行政首府,也是贸易和宗教的中枢,还是音乐、建筑、美术和休闲的胜地。Santa Fe蜿蜒的小路、长着当地花草的园子和四周的山景都叫人心旷神怡。在美国没有别的城市像Santa Fe这样保护自己的文化并为之感到骄傲。她的自然美和人文传统赢得了神圣的赞誉。Santa Fe坐落在落基山脚下,每晚日落时分,这里一片鲜红,人们称之为"基督的血"。远在清教徒登陆普利茅斯之前,西班牙人就在Santa Fe建立了政府。今天,这座城市是世界旅游胜地,是美国第三大美术作品

  6. Effect of nano-silver and boric acid on extending the vase life of cut rose (Rosa hybrida L.).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hashemabadi, Davood; Liavali, Mahbanoo Hoseinzadeh; Kaviani, Behzad; Mousavi, Meysam; Keyghobadi, Saghi; Zahiri, Samaneh

    2014-09-01

    Silver nano-particles (2-5 nm diam.), as antimicrobial agent and boric acid, as ethylene production inhibitor are used for enhancing the quality and vase life of cut flowers. In the present study the effects of a preservative solution containing nano-silver and boric acid on some traits of cut rose (Rosa hybrida L. cv. Yellow Island) including vase life, ethylene production, dry weight percentage, chlorophyll content, flower opening index, beta-carotene of petals and the number of basal stem end bacteria were investigated. The results showed that the effect of nano-silver and boric acid as either solitary or in combination with each other were significant (p boric acid. The least ethylene production (0.59 nl(-1) g(-1) h(-1)) was observed in cut rose treated with 100 mg l(-1) boric acid along with 5 mg l(-1) nano-silver. The lowest number of bacteria in the end of stem was calculated in cut flowers treated with the highest concentrations of boric acid (300 mg l(-1)) and nano-silver (20 mg l(-1)).

  7. Macroeconomia do Turismo Argentino em Santa Catarina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Meurer

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Resumo O Estado de Santa Catarina experimentou um considerável crescimento do setor de turismo nas últimas décadas. O fluxo turístico de origem argentina revelou-se um ingrediente importante dessa trajetória. Este artigo focaliza um aspecto pouco explorado, aparentemente, da participação argentina no turismo estadual: a relação entre a situação macroeconômica do país vizinho e a demanda turística por Santa Catarina lá originada. Começa-se abordando brevemente a problemática geral da macroeconomia do turismo. Depois, discorre-se sobre o crescimento desse setor em Santa Catarina, destacando a presença de argentinos. A terceira parte desenvolve uma análise baseada em tratamento estatístico de dados sobre demanda e receita geradas por esses turistas no estado, com exame das correlações envolvendo taxa de câmbio e taxa de crescimento do PIB da Argentina. Palavras-chave: turismo; Santa Catarina; turistas argentinos; economia argentina Abstract The State of Santa Catarina has witnessed a considerable development of its tourist sector in the last decades. The demand from Argentina has proved to be an important factor of that growth. This article deals with a feature of the presence of Argentinians in the state which seems to be scarcely studied: the relationship between the macroeconomic situation of Argentina and the tourist demand in Santa Catarina originated from that country. The first part of the article considers briefly the general issue of tourism macroeconomics. The second one looks upon tourism growth in Santa Catarina, stressing the presence of visitors from Argentine. The third section develops an analysis based on statistical treatment of data concerning demand and income generated by such tourists in Santa Catarina, involving correlations that consider aspects like exchange rate and the rate of GDP increase in Argentina. Keywords: tourism; Santa Catarina; tourists from Argentina; Argentina’s economy

  8. Variety of plant pathogens of ornamental shrubs of the genus Rosa L.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marchenko Alla Borisovna

    2015-12-01

    In the Ukraine’s forest-steppe environment, over the years of research, the most common disease among different representatives of the genus Rosa L. is Diplocarpon rosae FA Wolf, about 52.7%. Diseases caused by Sphaerotheca pannosa var. rosae Woron account for 28.3%: Coniothyrium wernsdorffiae Laubert―19.2%; Botrytis cinerea Pers.―16.9%; Phragmidium mucronatum (Pers. Schltdl., Phragmidium tuberculatum Müll. Hal., Nectria cinnabarina (Tode Fr.―from 7.2 to 6.7%. Pathogens Alternaria alternata (Fr. Keissl., Alternaria tenuissima (Kunze Wiltshire, Fusarium oxysporum Schltdl., Fusarium solani (Mart. Sacc., Phytophthora cactorum J. Schröt., Verticillium dahliae Kleb., Verticillium albo-atrum Reinke Berthold are less common―5%.

  9. Efficient gene targeting of the Rosa26 locus in mouse zygotes using TALE nucleases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kasparek, Petr; Krausova, Michaela; Haneckova, Radka; Kriz, Vitezslav; Zbodakova, Olga; Korinek, Vladimir; Sedlacek, Radislav

    2014-11-03

    Gene targeting in mice mainly employs homologous recombination (HR) in embryonic stem (ES) cells. Although it is a standard way for production of genetically modified mice, the procedure is laborious and time-consuming. This study describes targeting of the mouse Rosa26 locus by transcription activator-like effector nucleases (TALENs). We employed TALEN-assisted HR in zygotes to introduce constructs encoding TurboRFP and TagBFP fluorescent proteins into the first intron of the Rosa26 gene, and in this way generated two transgenic mice. We also demonstrated that these Rosa26-specific TALENs exhibit high targeting efficiency superior to that of zinc-finger nucleases (ZFNs) specific for the same targeting sequence. Moreover, we devised a reporter assay to assess TALENs activity and specificity to improve the quality of TALEN-assisted targeting.

  10. A rosa e a mensagem: o imaginário grego na poesia de Fernando Pessoa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sonila Morelo

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available A partir de uma leitura comparativa entre a composição de Fernando Pessoa, especialmente de Mensagem, e a poesia grega Arcaica em que encontramos imagens de Afrodite – versos de Hesíodo e Safo sobre o nascimento e as qualidades da deusa –, este artigo tem como objeto de análise a Rosa. Através do diálogo entre história e literatura, a discussão proposta perpassa as semelhanças encontradas entre a Rosa de Mensagem e a deusa Afrodite de Hesíodo e Safo.

  11. El ritmo de intensidad en La rosa escrita de Xavier Abril

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Óscar Coello

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Luego de las aventuras rítmicas practicadas por Abril en las más audaces posiciones de vanguardia, se produce una abjuración insólita –explicada luego metatextualmente– en la poiesis del artista, que lo regresa a los cauces de la elaboración versal tradicional. La rosa escrita es el poemario más emblemático de este retorno. La presente ponencia ejemplifica en un texto, a través del ritmo de intensidad, los pormenores de esta redención.Palabras claves: Xavier Abril, La rosa escrita, Vanguardia, ritmo.

  12. Isolation of immunomodulatory triterpene acids from a standardized rose hip powder (Rosa canina L.)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Saaby, Lasse; Jäger, Anna Katharina; Moesby, Lise

    2011-01-01

    A previously published systematic review and a metaanalysis have concluded that the consumption of standardized rose hip powder (Rosa canina L.) can reduce pain in osteoarthritis patients. Synovial inflammation has been suggested to play an important role in the pathogenesis of osteoarthritis...... and mainly to involve infiltration of the synovial membrane by macrophages. Therefore, the immunomodulatory effect of standardized rose hip powder of Rosa canina L. was investigated and active principles isolated using the Mono Mac 6 cell line as a model for human macrophages. Treatment of Mono Mac 6 cells...

  13. Finance and the Realization Problem in Rosa Luxemburg: a ‘Circuitist’ Reappraisal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Riccardo Bellafiore

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The article shows that Rosa Luxemburg’s analysis of capitalist accumulationis framed within a ‘circuitist’ macroeconomic reading of capitalism as a monetaryproduction economy. Authors examine Luxemburg’s reading of the enlargedreproduction scheme introduced in volume II of Marx’s Capital and summarizecritiques of Luxemburg’s approach by Nikolai Bukharin, Michał Kalecki and JoanRobinson. Authors argue that Rosa Luxemburg cannot be reduced to the status ofan ‘under-consumptionist’ but she presents a clear picture of the macro-monetaryand sequential working of the capitalist process.

  14. Development of Biogenic Silver Nanoparticle Using Rosa Chinensis Flower Extract and Its Antibacterial Property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meng, Yongde; Sun, Yanjie

    2016-04-01

    In the present study, biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles was carried out using Rosa chinensis flower extract as reducing agent. The characterization of silver nanoparticles was done by UV-VIS spectrum. The morphology and size of silver nanoparticles were determined by transmission electron microscope (TEM) image. The crystallization of silver nanoparticles was confirmed by X-ray diffraction (XRD) measurements. The Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) analysis was used to confirm the possible involvement in the formation and stabilization of synthesized silver nanoparticles by the extract of Rosa chinensis flower. Antibacterial activity of silver nanoparticles was studied against Gram positive Staphycoccus aureus and Gram negative Escherichia coil.

  15. MORPHOLOGICAL AND MICROMORPHOLOGICAL INVESTIGATIONS REGARDING THE LEAVES OF SEVERAL ROSA L. SPECIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lidia ADUMITRESEI

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Multicellular secretory glands are present on Rosa L. species, at least on the stipellae edge; some of them have a larger number and different particularities. The researches have been made on leaves of the following species: Rosa agrestis, R. x damascena, R. multibracteata, R. pimpinellifolia and R. rubiginosa. Micromorphological studies emphasized a large number of cells which forming both terminal secretory part and foot, even though their dimensions are small. These researches highlight the micromorphological aspect of these glands, tector hairs and epicuticular wax. All of them were examined through scanning electron microscopy method.

  16. Comparative analysis of development and survival of two Natal fruit fly Ceratitis rosa Karsch (Diptera, Tephritidae) populations from Kenya and South Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanga, Chrysantus M; Manrakhan, Aruna; Daneel, John-Henry; Mohamed, Samira A; Fathiya, Khamis; Ekesi, Sunday

    2015-01-01

    Comparative analysis of development and survivorship of two geographically divergent populations of the Natal fruit fly Ceratitis rosa Karsch designated as Ceratitis rosa R1 and Ceratitis rosa R2 from Kenya and South Africa were studied at seven constant temperatures (10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 33, 35 °C). Temperature range for development and survival of both populations was 15-35 °C. The developmental duration was found to significantly decrease with increasing temperature for Ceratitis rosa R1 and Ceratitis rosa R2 from both countries. Survivorship of all the immature stages of Ceratitis rosa R1 and Ceratitis rosa R2 from Kenya was highest over the range of 20-30 °C (87-95%) and lowest at 15 and 35 °C (61-76%). Survivorship of larvae of Ceratitis rosa R1 and Ceratitis rosa R2 from South Africa was lowest at 35 °C (22%) and 33 °C (0.33%), respectively. Results from temperature summation models showed that Ceratitis rosa R2 (egg, larva and pupa) from both countries were better adapted to low temperatures than R1, based on lower developmental threshold. Minimum larval temperature threshold for Kenyan populations were 11.27 °C and 6.34 °C (R1 and R2, respectively) compared to 8.99 °C and 7.74 °C (R1 and R2, respectively) for the South African populations. Total degree-day (DD) accumulation for the Kenyan populations were estimated at 302.75 (Ceratitis rosa R1) and 413.53 (Ceratitis rosa R2) compared to 287.35 (Ceratitis rosa R1) and 344.3 (Ceratitis rosa R2) for the South African populations. These results demonstrate that Ceratitis rosa R1 and Ceratitis rosa R2 from both countries were physiologically distinct in their response to different temperature regimes and support the existence of two genetically distinct populations of Ceratitis rosa. It also suggests the need for taxonomic revision of Ceratitis rosa, however, additional information on morphological characterization of Ceratitis rosa R1 and Ceratitis rosa R2 is needed.

  17. 78 FR 66982 - Santa Clara Pueblo Disaster #NM-00039

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-07

    ... ADMINISTRATION Santa Clara Pueblo Disaster NM-00039 AGENCY: U.S. Small Business Administration. ACTION: Notice... for the Santa Clara Pueblo (FEMA- 4151-DR), dated 10/29/2013. Incident: Severe Storms and Flooding... disaster: Primary Areas: Santa Clara Pueblo. The Interest Rates are: Percent For Physical Damage:...

  18. 27 CFR 9.126 - Santa Clara Valley.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Santa Clara Valley. 9.126... Santa Clara Valley. (a) Name. The name of the viticultural area described in this section is “Santa Clara Valley.” (b) Approved Maps. The appropriate maps for determining the boundaries of the...

  19. Island Armor

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    A new law has been enacted to protect China’s islands from destruction After three rounds of deliberations that began in June 2009, the National People’s Congress (NPC) Standing Committee endorsed the Law of Sea

  20. Contours--Offshore of Santa Barbara, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of SIM 3281 presents data for the bathymetric contours for several seafloor maps (see sheets 1, 2, 3, 7, 10, SIM 3281) of the Offshore of Santa Barbara map...

  1. Santa Legends From Around the World

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    The tradition of children receiving gifts during the month of December is relatively the same no matter where you go in the world, but the character that brings the gifts can vary quite a bit from country to country. The following are the top five Santa legends from around the world.

  2. Ecotourism: The Santa Elena Rainforest Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wearing, Stephen

    1993-01-01

    Describes an ecotourism project in which the community of Santa Elena, Costa Rica, are developing a rainforest reserve on government land leased permanently to the local high school. Discusses the impact of the project on the community's economy and environment. (Contains 30 references.) (MDH)

  3. Bathymetry--Offshore of Santa Barbara, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of SIM 3281 presents data for the bathymetry and shaded-relief maps (see sheets 1, 2, SIM 3281) of the Offshore of Santa Barbara map area, California. The...

  4. Santa Fe Junior College, Gainesville, Florida.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caudill, Rowlett and Scott, Architects, Houston, TX.

    The design of Santa Fe Junior College is examined, beginning with the development of an educational philosophy. Subsequent design decisions are based largely upon this philosophy which emphasizes the development of the individual student and the fulfillment of his needs. Further, the need for flexibility is recognized and is an important aspect of…

  5. Hyperspectral Ocean Color Science: Santa Barbara Channel

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-07

    goal of the PnB in situ sampling program is to develop state-of-the- art ocean color algorithms for Case II waters like those found in the Santa Barbara...S.Maritorena and W. Robinson, 1999: Atmospheric correction of satellite ocean color imagery: The black pixel assumption. Submitted to Applied Optics. Toole

  6. "Ishica, de quien sos tu?": Nostalgia for a Mother Tongue in Rosa Nissan's Novels

    Science.gov (United States)

    Linhard, Tabea Alex

    2009-01-01

    This paper explores the use of Judeo-Spanish in the Rosa Nissan's novels "Novia que te vea" (1992) and "Hisho que te nazca" (1996) and reveals the ways in which the presence of this language interrupts the otherwise linear coming-of-age narrative. An analysis of the main character's relationship with Judeo-Spanish establishes a critical dialogue…

  7. First report about pharmaceutical properties and phytochemicals analysis of Rosa abyssinica R. Br. ex Lindl. (Rosaceae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moustafa, Mahmoud Fawzy; Alrumman, Sulaiman Abdullah

    2015-11-01

    In vitro antimicrobial efficacy of seven solvent extracts from leaves and hips of Saudi Arabian weed Rosa abyssinica against a variety of human pathogenic bacteria and Candida species have been evaluated using well diffusion methods. Phytochemicals present in the leaves and hips of Rosa abyssinica has been characterized using Gas Chromatogram Mass spectrometry analysis. The extracts comparative efficacy against tested microbes gained from the fresh and dry leaves exhibited more prominent activity than fresh and dry hips. The methanol, chloroform, petroleum ether, acetone and diethyl ether extracts have a greater lethal effect on pathogenic microbes than hot water extracts, while cold-water extracts showed no activity. Twenty-four phytochemicals have been characterized from ethanol extract of the leaves of Rosa abyssinica and fifteen from hips by GC-MS. The major compounds detected in the leaves were squalene (38.21%), ethane, 1,1-diethoxy- (9.65%), β-D-glucopyranose, 1,6-anhydro- (8.55%), furfural (5.50%) and 2-furancarboxaldehyde 5-(hydroxymethyl)- (5.19%). The major compounds in the hips were 2-furancarboxaldehyde 5-(hydroxymethyl)- (51.27%), β-D-glucopyranose, 1,6-anhydro- (8.18%), 4H-pyran-4-one, 2,3-dihydro-3,5-dihydroxy-6-methyl- (7.42%), 2,5-furandione, dihydro-3-methylene- (6.79%) and furfural (5.99%). Current findings indicate that extract from leaves and hips of Rosa abyssinica and the bioactive components present could be used as pharmaceutical agents.

  8. Identification of cut-rose (Rosa hybrida) and rootstock varieties using robust Sequence Tagged Microsatellite markers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Esselink, D.; Smulders, M.J.M.; Vosman, B.

    2003-01-01

    In this study a DNA fingerprinting protocol was developed for the identification of rose varieties based on the variability of microsatellites. Microsatellites were isolated from Rosa hybrida L. using enriched small insert libraries. In total 24 polymorphic sequenced tagged microsatellite site

  9. In search of genetic diversity in Rosa foetida Hermann in Iran

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Samiei, L.; Naderi, R.; Khalighi, A.; Bushehri, A.A.; Mozaffarian, V.; Esselink, G.; Smulders, M.J.M.

    2009-01-01

    Rosa foetida is a dense, erect shrub with bright yellow or scarlet flowers with a yellowish reverse petal. It is most abundant in South West Asia. In Iran R. foetida occurs mainly in the mountainous North and West regions. The species is the origin of the strong yellow color in hybrid roses, which

  10. Taxonomic status of the roses (Rosa) described by S.G. Dimitrov from Bulgaria

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zielinski, J.; Petrova, A; Tan, Kit

    2004-01-01

    The original herbarium vouchers for six species of Rosa (Rosaceae) described by S. G. Dimitrov from Bulgaria are taxonomically evaluated. Two species (R. balcanica, R. orphei) are considered hybrids, four other names (R. bulgarica, R. parilica, R. pontica and R. rhodopaea) are taxonomic synonyms...

  11. The effect of Rosa damascena essential oil on the amygdala electrical kindling seizures in rat.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramezani, Roohollah; Moghimi, Ali; Rakhshandeh, Hassan; Ejtehadi, Hamid; Kheirabadi, Masoumeh

    2008-03-01

    We investigated the effect of Rosa damascena Mill, essential oil on the development of induced amygdala kindling seizures. Male Wistar rats were implanted with one tripolar and two monopolar electrodes in right basolateral amygdala and dura surface, respectively. The control group was injected solvent of essential oil and two experimental groups were injected 750 and 1000 mg kg(-1) of essential oil (ip), 30 min before a daily kindling stimulation. The number of stimulations required for the first appearance of seizure stages was significantly larger in two experimental groups than in control group. Mean after discharge duration was significantly different and essential oil reduced the increase of after discharge duration. Mean after discharge amplitude was also shorter in the groups treated with essential oil than in control group. Duration time for 5th stage of seizure at fully-kindled rats was significantly shorter in two experimental groups than control group. These results suggest that Rosa damascena essential oil significantly retarded the development of seizure stages and possesses the ability to counteract kindling acquisition. The flavonoids of Rosa damascena may act via GABAA receptors as previous studies have proposed for flavonoids of other medicinal plants. More detailed studies are recommended to define the effective component(s) of Rosa on different types of epilepsy.

  12. Potential of Using ROSA Centifolia to Remove Iron and Manganese in Groundwater Treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aslina Abdul Kadir

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Groundwater is source for water supply because of its good natural quality. However, groundwater may be exposed toward to contamination by various anthropogenic activities such as agricultural, domestic and industrial. Groundwater quality problem are typically associated with high hardness, high salinity and elevated concentration of iron, manganese, ammonium, fluoride and occasionally nitrate and arsenic.  Therefore, groundwater should be treated to acceptable level before consumption. This study is carried out with the objectives to optimize the feasibility condition of contact time, biosorbent dosage and pH range in removing heavy metal by using Rosa Centifolia (R. Centifolia and also to determine the water quality of groundwater sources.  A dried Rosa Centifolia pretreated before being used as biosorbent. Experiment was done by varying contact time, biosorbent dosage and pH range to get the optimum value. The removal characteristic of Iron and Manganese by Rosa Centifolia was analyzed using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer (AAS. The optimum condition is achieved at 240minutes, 0.05g/ml and pH 5 respectively. The optimum percentage removal of Iron and Manganese was found to be more than 70%. The finding indicated that Rosa Centifolia is a promising biosorbent in treating groundwater from RECESS UTHM well.

  13. Rosa de Vries: A Dutch Diva and Nineteenth-Century Trans-Atlantic Operatic Culture

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Metzelaar, H.

    2014-01-01

    In an arduous, twenty-year international career, Dutch opera soprano Rosa de Vries née van Os (1824-89) performed both French and Italian opera repertory with leading companies on both sides of the Atlantic. Experiencing triumphs and disappointments while managing both career and family, de Vries

  14. Rosa de Vries: A Dutch Diva and Nineteenth-Century Trans-Atlantic Operatic Culture

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Metzelaar, H.

    2014-01-01

    In an arduous, twenty-year international career, Dutch opera soprano Rosa de Vries née van Os (1824-89) performed both French and Italian opera repertory with leading companies on both sides of the Atlantic. Experiencing triumphs and disappointments while managing both career and family, de Vries re

  15. Cuticular hydrocarbons corroborate the distinction between lowland and highland Natal fruit fly (Tephritidae, Ceratitis rosa) populations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vaníčková, Lucie; Břízová, Radka; Pompeiano, Antonio; Ekesi, Sunday; Meyer, Marc De

    2015-01-01

    Abstract The cuticular hydrocarbons (CHs) and morphology of two Ceratitis rosa Karsch (Diptera: Tephritidae) populations, putatively belonging to two cryptic taxa, were analysed. The chemical profiles were characterised by two-dimensional gas chromatography with mass spectrometric detection. CHs of Ceratitis rosa that originated from the lowlands and highlands of Kenya comprised of n-alkanes, monomethylalkanes, dimethylalkanes and unsaturated hydrocarbons in the range of the carbon backbone from C14 to C37. Hydrocarbons containing C29, C31, C33 and C35 carbon atoms predominated in these two populations. 2-Methyltriacontane was the predominant compound in both populations. Quantitative differences in the distribution of hydrocarbons of different chain lengths, mainly the C22, C32, C33 and C34 compounds of these two populations, were observed despite indistinct qualitative differences in these hydrocarbons. Morphological analyses of male legs confirmed that the flies belong to different morphotypes of Ceratitis rosa previously labelled as R1 and R2 for lowland and highland populations, respectively. A statistical analysis of the CH compositions of the putative R1 and R2 species showed distinct interspecific identities, with several CHs specific for each of the lowland and highland populations. This study supports a hypothesis that the taxon Ceratitis rosa consists of at least two biological species. PMID:26798275

  16. ANALISIS POSTUR KERJA PADA PT. XYZ MENGGUNAKAN METODE ROSA (RAPID OFFICE STRAIN ASSESSMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosma Hani Damayanti

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Penggunaan teknologi informasi, dimana komputer sebagai medianya kini semakin meningkat. Frekuensi yang tinggi akan penggunaan komputer yang tidak memperhatikan sisi ergonomi dalam bekerja mengakibatkan adanya resiko yang dirasakan oleh pengguna. PT. XYZ merupakan salah satu perusahaan yang menggunakan komputer sebagai salah satu alat utama dalam bekerja. Pada penggunaannya karyawan pada Departemen Publishing merasakan keluhan pada punggung, pinggang, nyeri bahu, leher dan tangan. Keluhan yang dirasakan oleh pekerja pada Departemen publishing dapat diminimalkan dengan cara mengetahui dan mengidentifikasi postur kerja pada pekerja dalam menggunakan komputer. Identifikasi tersebut digunakan untuk mengetahui kondisi pekerja dan mengetahui penyebab keluhan yang dirasakan oleh pekerja untuk dilakukan perbaikan. Pada penelitian ini dilakukan analisis dengan menggunakan metode ROSA untuk mengurangi adanya keluhan yang dirasakan oleh pekerja pada Departemen publishing. ROSA merupakan salah satu metode pada office ergonomics, dimana penilaiannnya dirancang untuk mengukur resiko yang terkait dengan penggunaan komputer serta untuk menetapkan tingkat tindakan perubahan berdasarkan laporan dari ketidaknyamanan pekerja. Dengan menggunakan metode ROSA, dapat diketahui apakah postur kerja karyawan pada Departemen Publishing pada saat bekerja aman atau berbahaya. Hasil analisis postur kerja menggunakan metode ROSA pada Departemen Publishing menunjukkan bahwa seluruh pekerja yang menjadi sampel memiliki level resiko yang tinggi dan perlu dilakukan perbaikan segera. Perbaikan yang dapat dilakukan untuk mengurangi tingkat resiko yang dirasakan oleh pekerja yaitu dengan perbaikan fasilitas yang digunakan oleh pekerja yang sesuai dengan standar ergonomi, melakukan sosialisasi kepada pekerja tentang pentingnya ergonomi pada dunia kerja, dan sebaiknya pekerja melakukan istirahat atau peregangan otot minimal setiap tiga jam sekali.

  17. A feeling for Systems Development Work - Design of the ROSA project

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bødker, Susanne; Greenbaum, Joan

    1988-01-01

    This article is based on the design of a research project that will look at intuition, learning processes, language and roles in the development of computer systems. The research project, called ROSA (a Danish acronym for Roles and Cooperation in Systems Development) grew out of our interest...

  18. The Politics of Children's Literature: The Story of Rosa Parks and the Montgomery Bus Boycott.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kohl, Herbert

    1991-01-01

    As commonly told to and read by children, the story of Rosa Parks and the Montgomery bus boycott fails to indicate Mrs. Parks' activist role or the degree of community organization and participation in the boycott. Telling what actually occurred allows children identify with people who make justice happen. (SLD)

  19. Anticytokinin effect on apical dominance release in in vitro cultured Rosa hybrida L.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kapchina-Toteva, V.M.; Somleva, M.; Telgen, van H.J.

    2002-01-01

    Effects of two cytokinin antagonists - 2-chloro-4-cyclobutyl-amino-6-ethylamino-1,3,5-triazine and N-(4-pyridyl)-O-(4-chlorophenyl)carbamate - on bud break and outgrowth in single nodes from two Rosa hybrida cultivars differing in their apical dominance were studied. The compounds were applied at th

  20. Factors affecting the vase life of Rosa cultivar 'Sonia': Microbiological and scanning electron microscopic investigations.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Put, H.M.C.

    1991-01-01

    The papers compiled in this thesis comprise a series of successively executed investigations into the role of micro-organisms in xylem plugging, and disturbance of the water relations and the vase life of cut flowers. For this purpose Rosahybrida cultivar 'Sonia' (the hybrid tea-rose Rosa cultivar '

  1. 75 FR 71787 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Salvator Rosa: Bandits...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-24

    ... and Magic'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant to the authority... ``Salvator Rosa: Bandits, Wilderness and Magic'', imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the... objects at the Kimbell Art Museum, Fort Worth, TX, from on or about December 12, 2010, until on or...

  2. Introduction of ROL genes in Rosa hybrida L. for improved rootstock performance

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Salm, van der T.P.M.

    1996-01-01


    In contrast to many other cut flowers, which are harvested completely at the time of flowering, rose plants ( Rosahybrida L.) continuously produce flowering shoots, which are harvested on a regular basis. For the release of axillary buds and

  3. GIUSEPPE DE ROSA, Metodo per pianisti accompagnatori della danza, Milano, Suvini Zerboni, 2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chiara Sintoni

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Il volume di Giuseppe De Rosa è al contempo un agile metodo teorico-pratico per la formazione del pianista accompagnatore della danza classica e un sussidio didattico per la sua attività in situazione. Frutto dell’esperienza pluriennale dell’autore, colma un vuoto nella pubblicistica italiana dedicata all’argomento.

  4. Cytotoxic Activity of the Leaf and Stem Extracts of Hibiscus rosa ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Methods: The crude petroleum ether, ethyl acetate and methanol extracts of the ... and stem of Hibiscus rosa sinensis were prepared using cold extraction method. ... (MTS) and 3-(4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2,5-diphenyl-2H-tetrazolium bromide ...

  5. Determination of Tannin in Rosae Caulis%金樱茎鞣质的含量测定

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘若霞; 郭巧玲; 田素英

    2011-01-01

    目的 测定金樱茎中总鞣质的含量,与金樱根总鞣质的含量进行比较,研究其替代金樱根入药的可行性.方法 采用超声波法提取金樱茎的鞣质,采用紫外分光光度法测定金樱茎中的鞣质的含量,在碱性的条件下加磷钼钨酸,于750 nm处测定吸光度,以没食子酸为标准计算样品中鞣质的含量.结果 测得本批次金樱茎的总鞣质平均含量为4.51%.结论 金樱茎鞣质含量明显少于金樱根,建议不要混入金樱根入药.%Objective To determine the content of tannin in Rosae Caulis, compare it with Rosae Radix, and study the practicability about replacing Rosae Radix by Rosae Caulis. Methods Use UV spectrophotometry to determine the content of tannin in Rosae Caulis, make color by adding phosphomolybdium tungstic acid at alkaline state, absorption wavelength was set at 750nm, take gallic acid as standard in calculating the content oftannin in sample. Results The mean content of tannin in Rosae Caulis was 4.51%.Conclusion The content of tannin in Rosae Caulis was lower than that in Rosae Radix, so not suggest to replace Rosae Radix.

  6. INDIKATOR TITRASI ASAM-BASA DARI EKSTRAK BUNGA SEPATU (Hibiscus rosa sinensis L Indicator of Acid-Base Titration from the Extract of Hibiscus rosa sinensis L Flower

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siti Nuryanti

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Titration acid-base needs indicator  to show the change of color on interval of hydrogen exponent/degree of acid (pH. Indicator of synthetic which always be used have disadvantages like chemical pollution,  stock and expensive of pro- duction  cost. The research has been carried out to substitute the synthetic indicator with herbal indicator extracted from flower crown of Hibiscus rosa sinensis L extract. The herbal indicator was extracted from the flower crown Hibiscus rosa sinensis L using a mixture methanol-acetic acid. Then it was evaluated with phenolphthalein and methyl orange(E merck comparer to titration the acid-base, they are strong acid-strong base, weak base-strong acid and weak acid-strong base. The result of research show that herbal indicator  of flower crown Hibiscus rosa sinensis L to show theequivalent point in all titrations give peer result with the comparison. With the research result hoped that indicatortitration acid-base flower crown Hibiscus rosa sinensis L is able to as replace synthetic indicator  (metyl orange andphenolphtalein which always be used before. ABSTRAK Titrasi asam-basa memerlukan indikator untuk menunjukkan perubahan warna pada setiap interval derajad keasaman (pH. Indikator sintetis yang digunakan selama ini mempunyai beberapa kelemahan seperti polusi kimia, ketersediaan dan biaya produksi mahal. Upaya penelitian sudah dilakukan untuk menggantikan indikator sintetis dengan indikator dari ekstrak mahkota bunga sepatu. Indikator herbal tersebut dibuat dengan cara mengekstrak mahkota bunga Hibiscus rosa sinensis L dengan mengunakan pelarut metanol-asam asetat. Kemudian dievaluasi dengan indikator pembanding fenolftalein dan metil oranye (produksi E merck untuk titrasi asam-basa yaitu asam kuat-basa kuat, basa lemah-asam kuat dan asam lemah-basa kuat. Dari hasil penelitian diketahui bahwa indikator dari mahkota bunga sepatu untuk menunjukkan titik ekivalen dalam titrasi tersebut memberikan hasil yang

  7. Preliminary geologic map of the Santa Barbara coastal plain area, Santa Barbara County, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minor, Scott A.; Kellogg, Karl S.; Stanley, Richard G.; Stone, Paul; Powell, Charles L.; Gurrola, Larry D.; Selting, Amy J.; Brandt, Theodore R.

    2002-01-01

    This report presents a new geologic digital map of the Santa Barbara coastal plain area at a compilation scale of 1:24,000 (one inch on the map = 2,000 feet on the ground) and with a horizontal positional accuracy of at least 20 m. This preliminary map depicts the distribution of bedrock units and surficial deposits and associated deformation underlying and adjacent to the coastal plain within the contiguous Santa Barbara and Goleta 7.5' quadrangles. A planned second version will extend the mapping westward into the adjoining Dos Pueblos Canyon quadrangle and eastward into the Carpinteria quadrangle. The mapping presented here results from the collaborative efforts of geologists with the U.S. Geological Survey Southern California Areal Mapping Project (SCAMP) (Minor, Kellogg, Stanley, Stone, and Powell) and the tectonic geomorphology research group at the University of California at Santa Barbara (Gurrola and Selting). C.L. Powell, II, performed all new fossil identifications and interpretations reported herein. T.R. Brandt designed and edited the GIS database,performed GIS database integration and created the digital cartography for the map layout. The Santa Barbara coastal plain is located in the western Transverse Ranges physiographic province along a west-trending segment of the southern California coastline about 100 km (62 mi) northwest of Los Angeles. The coastal plain region, which extends from the Santa Ynez Mountains on the north to the Santa Barbara Channel on the south, is underlain by numerous active and potentially active folds and partly buried thrust faults of the Santa Barbara fold and fault belt. Strong earthquakes that occurred in the region in 1925 (6.8 magnitude) and 1978 (5.1 magnitude) are evidence that such structures pose a significant earthquake hazard to the approximately 200,000 people living within the major coastal population centers of Santa Barbara and Goleta. Also, young landslide deposits along the steep lower flank of the Santa

  8. Susceptibility of the Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata) and the Natal fruit fly (Ceratitis rosa) to entomopathogenic nematodes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malan, Antoinette P; Manrakhan, Aruna

    2009-01-01

    The potential of entomopathogenic nematodes, Heterorhabditis bacteriophora, Heterorhabditis zealandica and Steinernema khoisanae, to infect pupariating larvae, pupae and adults of Ceratitis capitata and Ceratitis rosa was investigated in laboratory bioassays. Pupariating larvae and adult flies were susceptible to nematode infection, with no infection recorded for the pupae. Pupariating larvae of C. capitata were generally more susceptible to infection than those of C. rosa. Significantly more larvae of C. capitata were infected by H. bacteriophora. For C. rosa, highest infectivity of larvae was obtained with H. zealandica. In contrast, adults of both species were highly infected by S. khoisanae.

  9. Oficinas líticas do litoral central de Santa Catarina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabiana Comerlato

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this visual essay is to present the diversity of forms, volumes and textures of fixed sharpener-polishers throughout archaeological sites in the islands and beaches of Santa Catarina. These photographs were part of the exhibition "Paths of Archaeology" held at the Museum "Prof. Oswaldo Rodrigues Cabral" at the Federal University of Santa Catarina (UFSC during the years 1996 to 2003. The exhibit was visited by approximately 20,000 people. Through pictures and short descriptions, this exhibition sought to raise public awareness for the preservation of archaeological sites. A second version, parallel to the exposed at UFSC, was presented at the Floral Shop & Music (Florianópolis, at the Cultural Centre Bento Silvério (Florianópolis, the Alliance Française of Florianópolis, on the campus of Palhoça at the University of Vale do Itajai (UNIVALI-Palhoça, the Historical Museum of São José (São José, at Espaço Cultural 14 (Florianópolis, the Public Records of the State of Santa Catarina (Florianópolis, in the Meetings of the Museological Studies in Itapiranga and Gaspar, among other places.

  10. Pressure variations in the Monte Rosa nappe, Western Alps

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luisier, Cindy; Vaughan-Hammon, Joshua; Baumgartner, Lukas; Schmalholz, Stefan

    2017-04-01

    The Monte Rosa nappe is part of the Penninic nappe stack of the Western Alps. It represents the southern-most European continental basement involved in the alpine orogeny. It consists of a pre-Variscan basement complex, made of mostly metapelites and paragneisses, which were intruded by a Permian-age granitic body (Pawlig, 2001). The nappe is heterogeneously deformed, with localized high strain domains separating low strain domains. The metamorphic record is tightly linked to deformation. Different thermodynamic data bases and approaches were used in the past to estimate the peak alpine metamorphic conditions. They range from 1.2 to 2.7 GPa and 490 to 650˚C, based on metagranite, metapelite, metamafic and whiteschist assemblages. The peak alpine metamorphic assemblage of zoisite, phengite and albite symplectites pseudomorphing magmatic plagioclase is preserved only in the less deformed portions of the nappe. Phengite, garnet and titanite coronas surrounding biotite, quartz and igneous K-feldspar make up the rest of the rock. The metagranite locally grades into 10 to 50 meters whiteschist bodies, consisting of talc-chloritoid-kyanite-phengite-quartz, which can contain carbonate and garnet. Their chemistry is interpreted as a metasomatic product of the late magmatic hydrothermal alteration of the granite, whereas their mineralogy results from the alpine high pressure metamorphism (Pawlig and Baumgartner, 2001; Luisier et al., 2015). We performed a phase petrology and textural study to consistently estimate peak alpine metamorphic conditions in the granite and the related whiteschists. Textural observations were used to select the best-preserved high-pressure metagranite samples. Inherited magmatic feldspar textures indicate that jadeite was never formed in these granites, confirmed independently by Si in phengite barometer (1.2 to 1.5 GPa). Note that the granite contains the phengite buffer assemblage of Massonne and Schreyer (1987). Thermodynamic calculations using

  11. Potential earthquake faults offshore Southern California, from the eastern Santa Barbara Channel south to Dana Point

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fisher, M.A.; Sorlien, C.C.; Sliter, R.W.

    2009-01-01

    Urban areas in Southern California are at risk from major earthquakes, not only quakes generated by long-recognized onshore faults but also ones that occur along poorly understood offshore faults. We summarize recent research findings concerning these lesser known faults. Research by the U.S. Geological Survey during the past five years indicates that these faults from the eastern Santa Barbara Channel south to Dana Point pose a potential earthquake threat. Historical seismicity in this area indicates that, in general, offshore faults can unleash earthquakes having at least moderate (M 5-6) magnitude. Estimating the earthquake hazard in Southern California is complicated by strain partitioning and by inheritance of structures from early tectonic episodes. The three main episodes are Mesozoic through early Miocene subduction, early Miocene crustal extension coeval with rotation of the Western Transverse Ranges, and Pliocene and younger transpression related to plate-boundary motion along the San Andreas Fault. Additional complication in the analysis of earthquake hazards derives from the partitioning of tectonic strain into strike-slip and thrust components along separate but kinematically related faults. The eastern Santa Barbara Basin is deformed by large active reverse and thrust faults, and this area appears to be underlain regionally by the north-dipping Channel Islands thrust fault. These faults could produce moderate to strong earthquakes and destructive tsunamis. On the Malibu coast, earthquakes along offshore faults could have left-lateral-oblique focal mechanisms, and the Santa Monica Mountains thrust fault, which underlies the oblique faults, could give rise to large (M ??7) earthquakes. Offshore faults near Santa Monica Bay and the San Pedro shelf are likely to produce both strike-slip and thrust earthquakes along northwest-striking faults. In all areas, transverse structures, such as lateral ramps and tear faults, which crosscut the main faults, could

  12. Differences in richness and composition of gastrointestinal parasites of small rodents (Cricetidae, Rodentia) in a continental and insular area of the Atlantic Forest in Santa Catarina state, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuhnen, V V; Graipel, M E; Pinto, C J C

    2012-08-01

    The first and only study on gastrointestinal parasites of wild rodents in the Island of Santa Catarina was done in 1987. The aim of this study was to identify intestinal parasites from wild rodents in Santo Amaro da Imperatriz and Santa Catariana Island, and to compare the richness and composition of the gastrointestinal parasite community of both areas. Rodents were captured with live traps, and feces were screened using the sedimentation method and optical microscopy. The following species of rodents were captured in the two areas: Akodon montensis, Euryoryzomys russatus, Oligoryzomys nigripes and Nectomys squamipes. In Santo Amaro da Impetratriz, prevalent parasites were: A. montensis (51%), E. russatus (62%), O. nigripes (53%) and N. squamipes (20%). From the Island of Santa Catarina the rodent prevalence rates were: A. montensis (43%), E. russatus (59%), O. nigripes (30%) and N. squamipes (33%) and the collected parasites were: Hymenolepis sp., Longistriata sp., Strongyloides sp., Hassalstrongylus sp., Syphacia sp., Trichomonas sp., Ancylostomidae, Trichuridae, Oxyuridae and Eucoccidiorida. The species richness (10.6 ± 0.7) of the endoparasite comunity in the area located on the continent was higher (p < 0.01) and different (p = 0.001) from that of the area located on the island (6.9 ± 0.5).

  13. Study on Selection of Rosa chinensis Rootstock%月季砧木的筛选研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    果朋忠

    2012-01-01

    To select Rosa chinensis rootstock with good grafting affinity and easy propagation which could be applied in cold north areas. [Method] The grafting survival rate of ten Rosa chinensis cultivars grafted into three Rosa muhitlora rootstocks was studied. [Result] Rosa ebinensis varieties and Rosa mtdfiflora rootstocks were significant difference. Rosa ebinensis varieties and Rosa muhiflora rootstocks were the key factor effecting survival rate of Rosa chinensis grafting. There was no best combination as Rosa chinensis X Rosa multiflora interaction effect was not notability differences. The cutting survival rate of Natebelay was high and the graft compatibility was the best. Thornless multiflora had the dominance of freeze resistance and disease resistance. [Conclusion] Natebelay could firstly be used for Rosa cbinensis rootstock. Thornless multiflora could be used for grafting stock in cold north areas%[目的]选出亲和力强、易繁殖、适应北方寒冷地区应用的月季砧木。【方法】研究3种蔷薇砧木和10个月季品种的嫁接成活率。【结果】月季品种间和蔷薇砧木间差异都显著,月季品种和蔷薇砧木是影响月季嫁接成活的关键因素。月季×蔷薇间的互作差异不显著,月季×蔷薇间没有最优组合.Natebelay蔷薇扦插成活率较高,嫁接亲和性最强,无刺野蔷薇具有抗寒、抗病强等优点。【结论】Natebelay蔷薇应作为月季砧木首选,无刺野蔷薇可作为北方寒冷地区月季砧木

  14. First report of Culex (Culex) tritaeniorhynchus Giles, 1901 (Diptera: Culicidae) in the Cape Verde Islands

    OpenAIRE

    Alves, Joana; Pina, Adilson de; Diallo, Mawlouth; Dia, Ibrahima

    2015-01-01

    During an entomological survey in Santiago Island, Cape Verde Islands, in November-December 2011 in order to study the bio-ecology and susceptibility to insecticides of Anopheles arabiensis Patton, 1905, Culex tritaeniorhynchus Giles, 1901 was found to be present in the Santa Cruz District. Both adult and immature specimens were collected and a description of both is given. Further confirmation of the taxonomic identity of the specimens was obtained from studying the male genitalia. This is t...

  15. Águas minerais de Santa Catarina

    OpenAIRE

    Coitinho, João Batista Lins

    2000-01-01

    Dissertação (mestrado) - Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Centro Tecnológico. Esta pesquisa representa uma análise hidrogeológica das águas minerais de Santa Catarina. Em função de suas características físico-químicas, modo de ocorrência e relações com o ambiente geológico, as águas minerais do Estado foram associadas à províncias hidrogeológicas, as quais foram subdividas em domínios/aqüíferos. Destaque especial foi dado à Província Cristalina, Domínio Meridional, por apresentar um...

  16. El Lejano Oriente en la poesía de Rosa Romojaro (Claves y motivos comparados / The far East in the Poetry of Rosa Romojaro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yanghongyi Ou

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo da cuenta, en primer lugar, de las nuevas condiciones en el ámbito occidental que facilitan una amplia recepción de la literatura de Asia Oriental. A continuación, en este contexto, desarrolla un estudio de la poesía de Rosa Romojaro, a partir de claves y motivos comparados, en especial con la lírica china y su tradición. Tras presentar la obra creadora de Rosa Romojaro, una de las poetas más sobresalientes en el panorama actual español, con la perspectiva de un crítico de origen chino, se avanzan motivos fundamentales que se dan en los textos elegidos, emparentándolos con el canon asiático: así, la naturaleza, y el grado de sutileza simbólica en la escritura de la poeta acorde con la visión oriental; el sentimiento "Hen", una emoción de significado agridulce, asociado también al paso del tiempo; la esencialidad de los poemas y sus palabras, cargadas de sentimientos; la simbología de la luna y sus reflejos metafóricos de nocturnidad; el gran motivo del viaje y del movimiento, y, unido a ello, la espera y las estaciones, el otoño; la aventura del descubrimiento en el mismo seno de lo conocido y la pureza que comporta esa mirada; las evocaciones sinestésicas; y, finalmente, las filiaciones de los poemas con las prolongaciones vitales, constituyéndose cada poema de Rosa Romojaro en un centro de expresividad compartida de motivos universales que miran a la tradición y a la modernidad. The present article pays attention, in the first place, to the new conditions which provide a wide reception of the East Asian literature in the western area. Coming up next, in this context, a study of the poetries of Rosa Romojaro has been carried out, from the key points and compared motives, especially with the Chinese lyrical poetries and its tradition. After presenting the creative work of Rosa Romojaro, one of the most outstanding Spanish poets nowadays, standing on the point of view of a Chinese original critic

  17. Small RNA and transcriptome deep sequencing proffers insight into floral gene regulation in Rosa cultivars

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kim Jungeun

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Roses (Rosa sp., which belong to the family Rosaceae, are the most economically important ornamental plants—making up 30% of the floriculture market. However, given high demand for roses, rose breeding programs are limited in molecular resources which can greatly enhance and speed breeding efforts. A better understanding of important genes that contribute to important floral development and desired phenotypes will lead to improved rose cultivars. For this study, we analyzed rose miRNAs and the rose flower transcriptome in order to generate a database to expound upon current knowledge regarding regulation of important floral characteristics. A rose genetic database will enable comprehensive analysis of gene expression and regulation via miRNA among different Rosa cultivars. Results We produced more than 0.5 million reads from expressed sequences, totalling more than 110 million bp. From these, we generated 35,657, 31,434, 34,725, and 39,722 flower unigenes from Rosa hybrid: ‘Vital’, ‘Maroussia’, and ‘Sympathy’ and Rosa rugosa Thunb. , respectively. The unigenes were assigned functional annotations, domains, metabolic pathways, Gene Ontology (GO terms, Plant Ontology (PO terms, and MIPS Functional Catalogue (FunCat terms. Rose flower transcripts were compared with genes from whole genome sequences of Rosaceae members (apple, strawberry, and peach and grape. We also produced approximately 40 million small RNA reads from flower tissue for Rosa, representing 267 unique miRNA tags. Among identified miRNAs, 25 of them were novel and 242 of them were conserved miRNAs. Statistical analyses of miRNA profiles revealed both shared and species-specific miRNAs, which presumably effect flower development and phenotypes. Conclusions In this study, we constructed a Rose miRNA and transcriptome database, and we analyzed the miRNAs and transcriptome generated from the flower tissues of four Rosa cultivars. The database provides a

  18. Efecto del extracto de óleo de rosa mosqueda (Rosa aff. Rubiginosa en la cicatrización de heridas cutáneas - Effect of rose mosqueda extract oil (Rosa aff. Rubiginosa in cutaneous wound healing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Duvaldo Eurides

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available ResumenSe utilizaron cuarenta y ocho ratones machos, de linaje "swis"separados en dos grupos de igual número para estudios de reparaciónde heridas cutáneas de 10,0 mm de diámetro en la región torácicadorsal con aceite de rosa mosqueta. Al grupo uno control (I se instiló diariamente solución fisiológica al 0,9%, en los animales del grupo en tratamiento (II, se instiló aceite de rosa mosqueta, durante 21 días. Fueron realizadas evaluaciones macroscópicas y mensuraciones de las heridas.SummaryForty eight male mices “swis” lineage separated in two groups with thesame number were utilized to study the tissue reparation of skinwounds with 10,0mm of diameter on thoracic dorsal region withRosehip oil. Physiologic solution 0.9% was instilled daily on controlanimals group (I and Rosehip oil on treated animals group (II.

  19. La subjetividad internacional de la Santa Sede

    OpenAIRE

    Mosquera Monelos, Susana

    2014-01-01

    Presentamos el caso de la subjetividad internacional de la Santa Sede como un ejemplo que nos permita afrontar un nuevo enfoque del concepto de sujeto para el derecho internacional. El cumplimiento de los requisitos clásicos de la subjetividad internacional se ha visto superado por la fuerza creadora del derecho que nuevos sujetos internacionales han impulsado: ONG, sociedad civil, transnacionales, sujetos atípicos. Analizando el mecanismo de atribución de personalidad internacional de la San...

  20. Santa Ana Winds Over Los Angeles

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-01-01

    High-resolution ocean surface wind data from NASA's Quick Scatterometer (QuikScat) illustrate the strength of Santa Ana winds that pounded Southern California this week, causing damage and spreading brush fires. The colored arrows represent various ranges of wind speed, which were still well in excess of 30 knots (34 miles per hour), even after reaching the ocean and weakening. Santa Ana winds are offshore and down-slope winds unique to Southern California that are usually channeled through mountain gaps. These Santa Ana winds extend more than 500 kilometers (310 miles) offshore before changing direction to flow along the shore.The wind speeds and directions are retrieved from range-compressed backscatter data measured by QuikScat that has much higher spatial resolution than QuikScat's standard data products. Useful applications of high-resolution science-quality wind products derived from range-compressed backscatter have been demonstrated in two scientific papers: one on Hurricane Floyd and the other on Catalina Eddies. This is the first demonstration on near-real-time retrieval applications.

  1. Seed Mass and Seed Yield of Six Roses (Rosa L., Rosaceae Adans. from Central Russia (Republic of Mordovia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khapugin Anatoliy A.

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Genus Rosa L. is one of most critical taxa within European flora. Majority works is devoted to phylogeny, taxonomy and nomenclature of roses. Investigations of morphology and ecology of roses are still relatively few in number. The aim of this study was to evaluate seed mass and seed yield of six rose species (Rosa cinnamomea, R. spinosissima, R. rugosa, R. rubiginosa, R. glauca and R. canina from populations in Central Russia (Republic of Mordovia. As a result of the study, it was revealed that Rosa rugosa has maximal num-ber of seeds per rosehip among all investigated roses. Roses from section Caninae are characterized by large number of achenes per rosehip too. In contrast, among all investigated species, Rosa cinnamomea have most minimal seed yield. Origin of Rosa spinosissima population in Ruzaevka district (Republic of Mordovia, Central Russia was proposed as uncertain according to number of seeds per rosehip. At first time, the seed mass of Rosa cinnamomea, R. glauca and R. rubiginosa was revealed.

  2. 单叶蔷薇Rosa persica Michx瘦果的生态特征和发芽研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贺海洋; 上田; 善弘; 黑泽博; 小川良子; 西野

    2007-01-01

    本文对单叶蔷薇(Rosa persica Michx)的瘦果和其他蔷薇种的生态特征、生理机能和发芽进行了实验,尽管冷藏单叶蔷薇(Rosa persica Michx)的瘦果很容易发芽,在单叶蔷薇(Rosa persica Michx)的瘦果中ABA含量非常低,假设这样低的含量影响着易发芽性,单叶蔷薇(Rosa persica Michx)的瘦果的吸胀作用比R.multiflora var.adenochaeta的大很多。花开期的20天后瘦果果皮厚度增加。单叶蔷薇(Rosa persica Michx)的瘦果果皮的外表比R.multiflora var.adenochaeta厚的多,在受精后单叶蔷薇(Rosa persica Michx)外果皮的细胞是放射性(径向的)长形的。而其他种不是长形的。本文还讨论了果皮的结构和发芽的关系。

  3. Effects of Herbal-Acupuncture with Rosae Laevigatae Fructus Extract at KI10(Umgok on Osteoporosis in Ovariectomized Mice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kim Dong-soo

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective & Methods : The purpose of this study was to observe the effects of herbal-acupuncture with Rosae Laevigatae Fructus extact(RLF-HA at KI10(Umgok on osteoporosis in ovariectomized(OVX ddy mice. We carried out several experimental items to analyze the changes in body weight, uterine weight, uterus index, tibial length, the ash bone weight, tibial BMD, serum ALP, serum osteocalcin, serum Ca, and the levels of Ca, P, Ca/P ratio in tibia, and we performed histological and histomorphological analysis as well. Results : 1. Herbal-acupuncture with Rosae Laevigatae Fructus at KI10(Umgok and saline injection at KI10(Umgok significantly inhibited the reduction of tibial calcium level in ovariectomized mice. 2. Herbal-acupuncture with Rosae Laevigatae Fructus at KI10(Umgok significantly inhibited the increase of tibial osteoclast cells in ovariectomized mice. 3. Herbal-acupuncture with Rosae Laevigatae Fructus at KI10(Umgok significantly inhibited the reduction of tibial trabecular bone thickness(TBT in ovariectomized mice. 4. Herbal-acupuncture with Rosae Laevigatae Fructus at KI10(Umgok significantly inhibited the overgrowth of tibial growth plate length(GPL in ovariectomized mice. Conclusion : These results suggested that herbal-acupuncture with Rosae Laevigatae Fructus at KI10(Umgok has a therapeutic effect on osteoporosis, and to be put to practical use in the future osteoporosis clinic.

  4. Protective effects of Rosa canina L fruit extracts on renal disturbances induced by reperfusion injury in rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Changizi Ashtiyani, Saeed; Najafi, Houshang; Jalalvandi, Sepeideh; Hosseinei, Fatemeh

    2013-07-01

    This study aimed to investigate the effects of Rosa canina L fruit extracts on histological damages, oxidative stress, and functional disturbances induced by bilateral renal ischemia and reperfusion. Ischemia and reperfusion were induced on the kidneys of anesthetized male Sprague-Dawley rats. The rats in the reperfusion and Rosa canina groups were administered extract solvent and Rosa canina extract, respectively. In addition, in the sham group, surgery was done without ischemia. In the last 6 hours of the reperfusion period, urine sample were collected using metabolic cage and at the end of this period, blood samples were taken from the descending aorta. The kidney tissues were collected and subjected to microscopic study for histological damages, while oxidative stress was measured by determining malondialdehyde and ferric reducing/antioxidant power levels. The comparison between the reperfusion and sham groups indicated reductions in creatinine clearance, absolute excretion of potassium, urine osmilarity, and increase in absolute excretion of sodium in the reperfusion group. These changes were less pronounced with Rosa canina fruit extract. In addition, blood creatinine and urea concentrations which increased in the reperfusion group, were significantly lower in the Rosa canina group. In this group, the degree of histological damages and the level of malondialdehyde were lower than the reperfusion group, while ferric reducing/antioxidant power level was significantly higher. The findings of this study showed that Rosa canina fruit extract possesses protective effects against kidney function disturbances, oxidative stress, and histological damages.

  5. Nietzsche, Walter Benjamin, Guimarães Rosa: uma ideia de história = Nietzsche, Walter Benjamin, Guimarães Rosa: an idea of History

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roncari, Luiz

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Estudo da obra Corpo de baile, de Guimarães Rosa buscando perceber como a dispersão das personagens da primeira estória, seus reagrupamentos nas novelas intermediárias e a reintegração final, formam as ranhuras que amarravam o conjunto. Além de analisar como esses elementos de composição, que sustentam a unidade do livro, têm também um fundo ideológico, ou seja, apresentam uma visão da história e uma concepção da vida e do mundo

  6. Botanical origin of mei-gui hua (petal of a Rosa species).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ochir, Sarangowa; Ishii, Kouta; Park, ByoungJae; Matsuta, Tomohiko; Nishizawa, Makoto; Kanazawa, Tsutomu; Funaki, Minoru; Yamagishi, Takashi

    2010-10-01

    Mei-gui hua has been used as a crude drug in traditional medicine and as herbal tea in China. The scientific name of Mei-gui is Rosa rugosa thunb. However, the morphological characteristics and botanical ecology of Mei-gui were different from those of R. rugosa. Since the botanical origins of Mei-gui cultivated in China have not yet been clarified, we compared Mei-gui and R. rugosa in terms of their morphological characteristics, phylogenetic analysis, and phytochemical studies. Our research suggested that Mei-gui cultivated around Tarim Basin in Xinjiang Province showed homology to Rosa gallica, while those cultivated in the northeastern parts of China are considered to be hybrids of R. rugosa.

  7. Outdated Language: Use of "Mental Retardation" in Medicaid HCBS Waivers Post-Rosa's Law.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Friedman, Carli

    2016-10-01

    Rosa's Law, which changed references of "mental retardation" to "intellectual disability" within federal legislation, marked recognition by the federal government that the term "mental retardation" is outdated and pejorative. However, Rosa's Law did not apply to many notable federal programs related to disability, such as Medicaid. This article explores if and how the term "mental retardation" was used within Medicaid Home and Community Based Services 1915(c) waivers, as they are the most prevalent provider of long-term services and supports for people with intellectual and developmental disabilities. Waivers provide some of the most advanced community services and the language used in them should reflect this. Although an overwhelming majority of waivers used "mental retardation," we found that the term was used less for later benchmark dates.

  8. Updates on the genus Euphorbia (Euphorbiaceae) in Santa Catarina, Brazil

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hassemer, Gustavo; Marques Da Silva, Otávio Luis; Funez, Luís Adriano

    2017-01-01

    This contribution presents updates to the knowledge of the species of Euphorbia that occur in Santa Catarina state, southern Brazil. More specifically, we here typify the names E. cyathophora, E. hirtella, E. paranensis and E. stenophylla, and present the first records of E. cyathophora, E. grami....... graminea, E. ophthalmica and E. thymifolia for Santa Catarina. Finally, we provide an updated identification key to all 30 species of Euphorbia that occur in Santa Catarina, including native, naturalised and cultivated species....

  9. Sobre a obscenidade inocente: o caderno Rosa de Lori Lamby, de Hilda Hilst

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciana Borges

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available From this text gender construction and pornography on female literature may be discussed. By reading O caderno rosa de Lori Lamby, not only the ancient prejudice over the erotic literature (what transforms written pornography into outraging political act but the way society assemble the idea that eroticism and sexual army may raise once it’s associated with the contrasts between male and female conceptions.

  10. Effects of Rosa Canina L. on Ischemia/ Reperfusion Injury in Anesthetized Rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S Karimi

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: Ischemia/reperfusion induced acute renal failure causes excretory functional disorders of nephrons. Ischemia/reperfusion injury is accompanied by generation of reactive oxygen species that leads to dysfunction, injury, and death of renal cells. Antioxidants of plant origin minimize the harmful effects of reactive oxygen species. The aim of this study was to determine the possible therapeutic potentials of Rosa canina L. in preventing renal functional disturbances during the post-ischemic reperfusion period. Methods: In this experimental study undertaken for evaluating renal excretory function in 30 male Wistar rats, renal ischemia was induced by occluding both renal arteries for 45 min, followed by 24 h of reperfusion. The rats received 2 ml of tap water or a hydroalcoholic extract of Rosa canina (500 mg/kg orally for 7 days before induction of ischemia. In plasma samples, creatinine and urea nitrogen levels were measured, and in renal tissue samples, red blood cells were counted. The data were analyzed using ANOVA and Duncan tests.Results: Renal ischemia for 45 minutes increased plasma levels of creatinine (P<0.001 and nitrogen urea (P<0.01 while reducing red blood cell counts in renal glomeruli (P<0.001. Rosa canina administration diminished the increase in creatinine (P<0.001 and nitrogen urea concentrations (P<0.01, and prevented reductions in red blood cell counts in renal glomeruli (P<0.001. Conclusion: Rosa canina seems to be useful as a preventive agent against renal damages induced by ischemia/reperfusion injuries in rats.

  11. Enzyme-Assisted Extraction of Polyphenols From Rose (Rosa Damascena Mill.) Petals

    OpenAIRE

    Kalcheva-Karadzhova Krasimira; Shikov Vasil; Mihalev Kiril; Dobrev Georgi; Ludneva Danka; Penov Nikolai

    2014-01-01

    : The efficiency of enzyme-assisted extraction for the recovery of polyphenols from rose (Rosa damascena Mill.) petals was evaluated performing a simplex centroid experimental design for mixture with three components (pectinolytic, cellulolytic and hemicellulolytic preparation). The ternary enzyme combinations leaded to the highest contents of total polyphenols, reaching 43% higher average value as compared to the control (without enzymatic treatment) sample. Enzymatic treatments also enhance...

  12. Antidepressant-like effect of aqueous extract from Rosa damascena in mice

    OpenAIRE

    Karim Dolati; Hassan Rakhshandeh; Mohammad Naser Shafei

    2011-01-01

    Objective: Rosa damascena mill L (R. damascena) is an ornamental plant that has several therapeutic (such as sedative and hypnotic) effects. It also heals depression, grief, nervous stress and tension. In the present study we evaluated antidepressant-like effect of R. damascena using forced swimming test (FST). Material and Methods: Three doses of aqueous extract (15, 60 and 90 mg/kg) was injected intraperitoneally. After 30 min of injection, immobility and swimming times were measured and...

  13. ARCHAEOLOGY, MUSEUM AND PERSPECTIVES: THE MUSEOLOGICAL DIAGNOSIS OF THE PORANGATU MUSEUM ANGELO ROSA DE MOURA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuelina Maria Duarte Cândido

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Cet article présente le processus de travail effectué pour développer le diagnostic muséologique du Musée Ângelo Rosa de Moura, à Porangatu(GO, et discuter de l'importance de ce type de méthodologie pour la calification de ces institutions dans la préservation des collections archéologiques.

  14. Labeo rosae (Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae) in the Congo basin: a relict distribution or a historical introduction?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Steenberge, M; Gajdzik, L; Chilala, A; Snoeks, J; Vreven, E

    2014-11-01

    Labeo rosae, a species with a native range in Southern Africa, was discovered in the Congo basin by re-identification of two museum specimens previously identified as Labeo mesops. The occurrence of this species in the upper Congo implies a range extension of the species of more than 1000 km. Although the species' distribution is mirrored by that of some other Cypriniformes, its occurrence in the Congo might be due to introduction by humans.

  15. THE ROLE OF EMPLOYEE PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL AT CASA DE LA ROSA TIMISOARA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SILVIA VLAD

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this research is to analyze the most important aspects of employee performance appraisal role in a hotel. The research is based on highlighting the major aspects of employee performance appraisal at Casa de la Rosa Hotel and aims the aspects related to the hotel performance. The aim of this evaluation is to observe and to analyze the employee time evolution and the way they complete their tasks and their job requirements.

  16. Taxonomic significance of achene morphology of selected Rosa taxa (Rosaceae occurring in Poland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrzej M. Jagodziński

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Achenes of roses were rarely studied and the studies were focused on anatomical research, mainly on pericarp structure and its development. We investigated the achene morphology by light- and scanning electron microscopy (LM and SEM of 17 Rosa taxa from three sections (R. gallica from Gallicanae section, R. pendulina and R. rugosa from Rosa section, and R. agrestis, R. canina, R. canina var. corymbifera, R. dumalis, R. dumalis var. caesia, R. inodora, R. jundzillii, R. micrantha, R. rubiginosa, R. sherardii, R. ×subcanina, R. tomentosa, R. villosa, R. zalana from Caninae section. Eight quantitative and eight qualitative features were examined based on 9181 achenes, in total. Average achene size ranged from 4.37 to 5.39 mm in length and from 2.57 to 3.32 mm in width. The lowest morphological variability among the examined taxa was found in R. canina var. corymbifera, and the highest in R. gallica, R. inodora, and R. sherardii. The most diagnostic features of the achenes studied were suture (visible or invisible, presence or absence of hairs, hairs distribution and density, the exocarp sculpture and cuticle pattern type (we have distinguished four exocarp sculpture and three cuticle pattern types, and length. Qualitative achene features have significantly higher diagnostic value than quantitative ones. Taxonomical value of these features is quite high on the species and section level. Our study has shown that the previously mentioned morphological features of achenes can be used as valuable, additional diagnostic features in delimitation of Rosa taxa at the species and section level. Based on the morphological features of achenes, a determination key for all Rosa taxa studied was created.

  17. In vitro antibacterial activity of Hibiscus rosa-sinensis flower extract against human pathogens

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ruban P; Gajalakshmi K

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To access the in vitro antibacterial activity of Hibiscus rosa-sinensis (H. rosa- sinensis) flower extract against human pathogens. Methods: Antibacterial activity was evaluated by using disc and agar diffusion methods. The protein was run through poly acrylmide gel electrophoresis to view their protein profile. Results: The results showed that the cold extraction illustrates a maximum zone of inhibition against Bacillus subtillis (B. subtillis), Escherichia coli (E. coli) viz., (17.00 ± 2.91), (14.50 ± 1.71) mm, followed by hot extraction against, E. coli, Salmonella sp. as (11.66 ± 3.14), (10.60 ± 3.09) mm. In methanol extraction showed a highest zone of inhibition recorded against B. subtillis, E. coli as (18.86 ± 0.18), (18.00 ± 1.63) mm pursued by ethanol extraction showed utmost zone of inhibition recorded against Salmonella sp. at (20.40 ± 1.54) mm. The crude protein from flower showed a maximum inhibitory zone observed against Salmonella sp., E. coliviz., (16.55 ± 1.16), (14.30 ± 2.86) mm. The flower material can be taken as an alternative source of antibacterial agent against the human pathogens. Conclusions: The extracts of the H. rosa-sinensis are proved to have potential antibacterial activity, further studies are highly need for the drug development.

  18. Recirculation pump discharge line break tests at ROSA-III for a boiling water reactor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Suzuki, M.; Anoda, Y.; Kumamaru, H.; Nakamura, H.; Shiba, M.; Tasaka, K.

    1985-08-01

    Three loss-of-coolant accident (LOCA) tests were conducted at the Rig of Safety Assessment (ROSA)-III test facility, which simulates boiling water reactor (BWR)/6-251 with a volumetric scaling factor of 1/424. The fundamental features of the recirculation pump discharge line break LOCA and the effects of break areas on the features are investigated. It has been confirmed experimentally that the LOCA phenomena in the discharge line break are analogous to those in the suction line break with the same effective choking flow area, which is a sum of the least choking flow areas along the break flow paths and controls the system pressure responses. In general, the maximum effective choking flow area is (A /SUB j/ + A /SUB p/ ) for discharge line breaks and (A /SUB j/ + A /SUB o/ ) for suction line breaks, where A /SUB j/ , A /SUB p/ , and A /SUB o/ are the flow areas of the jet pump drive nozzles, the main recirculation pump discharge nozzle, and the break, respectively. The similarity between the ROSA-III test and a BWR LOCA has been confirmed in the key phenomena by the analyses using the RELAP5/MOD1 code. An atypical behavior is observed in the fuel rod surface temperature transient in the early phase of blowdown due to the limitation of the ROSA-III initial core power.

  19. Anthelmintic Activities of Aporphine from Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn. cv. Rosa-plena against Hymenolepis nana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rong-Jyh Lin

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn. cv. Rosa-plena (Nelumbonaceae, commonly known as lotus, is a perennial aquatic plant grown and consumed throughout Asia. All parts of N. nucifera have been used for various medicinal purposes in oriental medicine. From the leaves of Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn. cv. Rosa-plena (an aquatic plant, liriodenine (1, lysicamine (2, (--anonaine (3, (--asimilobine (4, (--caaverine (5, (--N-methylasimilobine (6, (--nuciferine (7, (--nornuciferine (8, (--roemerine (9, 7-hydroxydehydronuciferine (10 and cepharadione B (11 were isolated and identification and anthelmintic activities of aporphine was evaluated against Anisakis simplex and Hymenolepis nana. This study found that the above constituents killed H. nana or reduced their spontaneous movements (oscillation/peristalsis. However, the above constituents at various concentrations demonstrated no larvicidal effect or ability to halt spontaneous parasite movement for 72 h against A. simplex, respectively. In addition, according to an assay of cestocidal activity against H. nana and nematocidal activity against A. simplex, we found that the above compounds showed greater lethal efficacy on H. nana than against A. simplex. Further investigation showed that these above constituents have effects against peroxyl radicals under cestocidal effect. Together, these findings suggest that these constituents of Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn. cv. Rosa-plena might be used as anthelmintic agents against H. nana.

  20. Potential geographical distributions of the fruit flies Ceratitis capitata, Ceratitis cosyra, and Ceratitis rosa in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Baini; Ma, Jun; Hu, Xuenan; Liu, Haijun; Zhang, Runjie

    2009-10-01

    There have been relatively few attempts to model the distributions of the fruit flies Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann), Ceratitis cosyra (Walker), and Ceratitis rosa Karsch in China, but the geographic distributions of these species are of considerable concern in terms of biosecurity. In this study, two different modeling methods (genetic algorithm for rule-set prediction [GARP] and maximum entropy species distribution modeling [Maxent]) were used to predict the potential distributions of these three fly species in China, by using distribution records and a set of environmental predictor variables. The results showed that Maxent performed well, compared with modeling by GARP, at each test threshold. For all three species, the results predicted by Maxent agreed with the observed distributions in Africa and in other parts of the world. In China, C. capitata seems to have the highest number of favorable habitat areas, relative to C. cosyra and C. rosa, i.e., Yunnan, Guizhou, Guangxi, Guangdong, Hainan, Fujian, Sichuan and Chongqing, whereas C. cosyra has the smallest range of suitable areas, i.e., Yunnan, some parts of Hainan and Sichuan. The suitable areas for C. rosa are mainly restricted to Yunnan, Hainan, southern Guangdong, and a few areas of Sichuan. The indications are that on the whole, Southwest and South China are the areas with the highest risk for establishment from these three fly species. Jackknife tests reveal that environmental variables associated with temperature have the strongest influence on the potential distributions of all three species relative to other variables.

  1. E uma rosa se abre: a guerra e a flor na poesia de Drummond

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valéria Daiane Soares Rodrigues

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Carlos Drummond de Andrade, em A Rosa do Povo (1945 articula, por meio da palavra e da criação de um “eu” lírico habitante de um mundo em guerra, a construção de uma imagem, imbuída de teor histórico, do Brasil dos anos finais da 2ª guerra mundial. Os versos traduzem a experiência do Drummond gauche, angustiado pelos problemas do seu tempo, em que a individualidade advinda da fragmentação do homem moderno é marca do conflito entre o “eu” lírico e o mundo. O poeta descreve de forma melancólica a degeneração das coisas e dos homens, em meio à consciência paralisante e a falta de perspectivas. A força que emerge do símbolo da rosa respalda o acento poético do Itabirano: a destruição dos valores provocados pela morte e pelo derramar de sangue contrasta com o brotar da flor no asfalto.  Do chão forrado de cadáveres, emerge uma rosa, numa representação da resistência humana.

  2. Anthelmintic activities of aporphine from Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn. cv. Rosa-plena against Hymenolepis nana.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Rong-Jyh; Wu, Mei-Hsuan; Ma, Yi-Hsuan; Chung, Li-Yu; Chen, Chung-Yi; Yen, Chuan-Min

    2014-02-27

    Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn. cv. Rosa-plena (Nelumbonaceae), commonly known as lotus, is a perennial aquatic plant grown and consumed throughout Asia. All parts of N. nucifera have been used for various medicinal purposes in oriental medicine. From the leaves of Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn. cv. Rosa-plena (an aquatic plant), liriodenine (1), lysicamine (2), (-)-anonaine (3), (-)-asimilobine (4), (-)-caaverine (5), (-)-N-methylasimilobine (6), (-)-nuciferine (7), (-)-nornuciferine (8), (-)-roemerine (9), 7-hydroxydehydronuciferine (10) and cepharadione B (11) were isolated and identification and anthelmintic activities of aporphine was evaluated against Anisakis simplex and Hymenolepis nana. This study found that the above constituents killed H. nana or reduced their spontaneous movements (oscillation/peristalsis). However, the above constituents at various concentrations demonstrated no larvicidal effect or ability to halt spontaneous parasite movement for 72 h against A. simplex, respectively. In addition, according to an assay of cestocidal activity against H. nana and nematocidal activity against A. simplex, we found that the above compounds showed greater lethal efficacy on H. nana than against A. simplex. Further investigation showed that these above constituents have effects against peroxyl radicals under cestocidal effect. Together, these findings suggest that these constituents of Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn. cv. Rosa-plena might be used as anthelmintic agents against H. nana.

  3. Comparative Analysis of the Properties of Acid-Base Indicator of Rose (Rosa setigera, Allamanda (Allamanda cathartica, and Hibiscus (Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Flowers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stanley I. R. Okoduwa

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The need to develop effective alternative for synthetic indicators is the demand of present-day chemistry. The acid-base indicator properties of Rose (Rosa setigera, Allamanda (Allamanda cathartica, and Hibiscus (Hibiscus rosa-sinensis flowers were examined. Colour pigments were extracted from the flowers via cold and solvent extraction using soxhlet extractor. The pH value of the extracts with wavelengths of absorption was determined using ultraviolet spectrophotometer. From the results obtained, all the extracts exhibited sharp contrast between their colours in acid and base. Their pH was found to be 5.5 for cold extract of Rose and 5.6 for solvent extraction, 5.24 for cold extract of a Hibiscus and 6.52 for solvent extraction, 5.35 for cold extract of Allamanda, and 5.45 for solvent extraction. The maximum wavelengths of absorption obtained for all the extract fall within the visible region of electromagnetic spectrum. These values are almost similar to that obtained from synthetic indicators. It is on these bases that we concluded that natural indicators could be an excellent replacement for synthetic indicators since they are cheap, readily available, simple to extract, not toxic, user and environmentally friendly.

  4. Relationship of 17 Rosa Plants Detected by Morphology and ISSR Analysis%17份蔷薇属植物的亲缘关系的形态学和ISSR分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨帆; 曾丽; 叶康; 赵子刚; 张嫔; 龚霄雯; 尹勤; 孙强

    2011-01-01

    The genetic relationship of 17 Rosa plants is analyzed by ISSR and morphological data. NTSYS2.1 is used in clustering analysis. The results showed: 13 primers were selected to perform ISSR -PCR. A total of 479 DNA bands was obtained, of which 221 bands had polymorphism, the percentage of polymorphic bands was 0.46. All these plants could be divided into three groups by morphological data: the first group was consisted of Rosa rugosa ' Bao Dao' , Rosa chinensis ' Sophie' s perpetral' , Rosa chinensis ' Comtesse dll cayla' , Rosa hybrid tea ' Sophy' s Rose' , Rosa hybrid climbingroses ' Ten Shen Qi' , Rosa chinensis ' Da Fu Gui' , Rose hybrid bracteata ' Mermaid' , Rosa chinensis ' Jin Ou Fan Lv' , Rosa chinensis ' Jin Fen Lian' and Rosa chinensis ' Yi Ji Fen'; the second group was consisted of Rosa chinensis ' Viridiflora' , Rosa chinensis ' Hu Zhong Yue' , Rosa chinensis ' Yu Shi Zhuang' , Rosa hybrid tea ' Yankee Dodle' , Rosa chinensis ' Si Mian Jing' and Rosa chinensis ' Pu Fu Hong'; the third group was consisted of Rosa gallica ' Versicolor'. All these plants can be divided into four groups by ISSR cluster analysis. The first group was consisted of Rosa rugosa ' Bao Dao'; the second group was consisted of Rosa chinensis ' Viridiflora', Rosa chinensis ' Pu Fu Hong', Rosa chinensis ' Comtesse dll cayla' , Rose hybrid bracteata ' Mermaid' , Rosa chinensis ' Si Mian Jing' , Rosa chinensis ' Hu Zhong Yue' and Rosa chinensis ' Yu Shi Zhuang'; the third group was consisted of Rosa hybrid tea ' Sophy' s Rose' and Rosa hy brid tea ' Yankee Dodle'; and the fourth group was consisted of Rosa gallica ' Versicolor' , Rosa chinensis ' Jin Ou Fan Lv' , Rosa hybrid climbingroses ' Ten Shen Qi' , Rosa chinensis ' Sophie' s perpetral' , Rosa chinensis ' Yi Ji Fen' , Rosa chinensis ' Da Fu Gui' and Rosa chinensis ' Jin Fen Lian'. The results of morphologic cluster analysis and ISSR cluster analysis were similar.%利用ISSR分子标记结合形态学指标对17份蔷薇属植物

  5. Chocho de Santa Catarina Ocotlan, Oaxaca (Chocho of Santa Catarina Ocotlan, Oaxaca).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mexico Coll. (Mexico City)

    This document is one of 17 volumes on indigenous Mexican languages and is the result of a project undertaken by the Archivo de Lenguas Indigenas de Mexico. This volume contains information on Chocho, an indigenous language of Mexico spoken in Santa Catarina Ocotlan, in the state of Oaxaca. The objective of collecting such a representative sampling…

  6. Mixteco de Santa Maria Penoles, Oaxaca (Mixtec of Santa Maria Penoles, Oaxaca).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mexico Coll. (Mexico City)

    This document is one of 17 volumes on indigenous Mexican languages and is the result of a project undertaken Archivo de Lenguas Indigenas de Mexico. This volume contains information on Mixtec, an indigenous language of Mexico spoken in Santa Maria Penoles in the state of Oaxaca. The objective of collecting such a representative sampling of the…

  7. 77 FR 36955 - Security Zone; Cruise Ships, Santa Barbara Harbor, Santa Barbara, CA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-20

    ... cruise ship located within 3 nautical miles of the Santa Barbara Harbor Breakwater Light (Light List... impact a terrorist attack against a cruise ship would have on the public interest, the Coast Guard... sea floor within a 100-yard radius of any cruise ship which is located within 3 nautical miles...

  8. Compostos bioativos em polpas de mangas 'rosa' e 'espada' submetidas ao branqueamento e congelamento

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucimara Piauí Soares

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available A manga (Mangifera indica L. constitui uma importante fonte de compostos bioativos, dentre os quais se destacam os carotenoides e a vitamina C, que contribuem para a promoção da saúde. Vários métodos podem ser utilizados para conservação de alimentos a fim de aproveitar melhor os frutos durante a safra e permitir seu armazenamento fora de época de produção. No entanto, podem alterar a qualidade nutricional do alimento. Dessa forma, sendo o branqueamento e o congelamento métodos que são utilizados no processamento industrial para conservação de polpas de frutas, objetivou-se, neste trabalho, analisar a influência do branqueamento e do congelamento sobre os teores de carotenoides totais e ácido ascórbico em mangas 'Rosa' e 'Espada' em relação ao tempo de armazenamento. As mangas no estádio maduro, após serem colhidas, lavadas, cortadas e despolpadas, foram submetidas ao congelamento (-18ºC ou branqueamento por imersão em água (75ºC, por 3 minutos ou branqueamento por vapor em água fervente, por 3 minutos. Em seguida, foram realizadas as determinações bioquímicas dos teores de carotenoides totais e ácido ascórbico no tempo zero e após 20; 40 e 60 dias de armazenamento sob congelamento. Após análise dos resultados obtidos, conclui-se que, na forma in natura (tempo zero, as variedades Rosa e Espada apresentam os máximos teores de ácido ascórbico, porém o uso do branqueamento com vapor e o congelamento após 60 dias de armazenamento provocam perdas de, respectivamente, 53% ('Rosa' e 35% ('Espada'; 72% ('Rosa' e 60% ('Espada' destes compostos. No branqueamento por imersão em água, há perda completa do ácido ascórbico nas polpas das variedades Rosa e Espada. Em relação aos carotenoides totais, os valores foram semelhantes em polpas branqueadas a vapor e sem branqueamento no tempo zero,com tendência de redução durante o longo da armazenagem.

  9. Post-test analysis of the ROSA/LSTF and PKL counterpart test

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carlos, S., E-mail: scarlos@iqn.upv.es [Departament d’Enginyeria Química i Nuclear, Universitat Politècnica de València, Camí de Vera, 14, València Spain (Spain); Querol, A., E-mail: anquevi@iqn.upv.es [Departament d’Enginyeria Química i Nuclear, Universitat Politècnica de València, Camí de Vera, 14, València Spain (Spain); Instituto de Seguridad Industrial, Radiofísica y Medioambiental, Universitat Politècnica de València, Camí de Vera, 14, València (Spain); Gallardo, S., E-mail: sergalbe@iqn.upv.es [Departament d’Enginyeria Química i Nuclear, Universitat Politècnica de València, Camí de Vera, 14, València Spain (Spain); Instituto de Seguridad Industrial, Radiofísica y Medioambiental, Universitat Politècnica de València, Camí de Vera, 14, València (Spain); Sanchez-Saez, F., E-mail: frasansa@etsii.upv.es [Departament d’Enginyeria Química i Nuclear, Universitat Politècnica de València, Camí de Vera, 14, València Spain (Spain); and others

    2016-02-15

    Highlights: • TRACE modelization for PKL and ROSA/LSTF installations. • Secondary-side depressurization as accident management action. • CET vs PCT relation. • Analysis of differences in the vessel models. - Abstract: Experimental facilities are scaled models of commercial nuclear power plants, and are of great importance to improve nuclear power plants safety. Thus, the results obtained in the experiments undertaken in such facilities are essential to develop and improve the models implemented in the thermal-hydraulic codes, which are used in safety analysis. The experiments and inter-comparisons of the simulated results are usually performed in the frame of international programmes in which different groups of several countries simulate the behaviour of the plant under the accidental conditions established, using different codes and models. The results obtained are compared and studied to improve the knowledge on codes performance and nuclear safety. Thus, the Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA), in the nuclear safety work area, auspices several programmes which involve experiments in different experimental facilities. Among the experiments proposed in NEA programmes, one on them consisted of performing a counterpart test between ROSA/LSTF and PKL facilities, with the main objective of determining the effectiveness of late accident management actions in a small break loss of coolant accident (SBLOCA). This study was proposed as a result of the conclusion obtained by the NEA Working Group on the Analysis and Management of Accidents, which analyzed different installations and observed differences in the measurements of core exit temperature (CET) and maximum peak cladding temperature (PCT). In particular, the transient consists of a small break loss of coolant accident (SBLOCA) in a hot leg with additional failure of safety systems but with accident management measures (AM), consisting of a fast secondary-side depressurization, activated by the CET. The paper

  10. Causes of mortality of wild birds submitted to the Charles Darwin Research Station, Santa Cruz, Galapagos, Ecuador from 2002-2004.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gottdenker, Nicole L; Walsh, Timothy; Jiménez-Uzcátegui, Gustavo; Betancourt, Franklin; Cruz, Marilyn; Soos, Catherine; Miller, R Eric; Parker, Patricia G

    2008-10-01

    Necropsy findings were reviewed from wild birds submitted to the Charles Darwin Research Station, Santa Cruz Island, Galápagos Archipelago between 2004 and 2006. One hundred and ninety cases from 27 different species were submitted, and 178 of these cases were evaluated grossly or histologically. Trauma and trauma-related deaths (n=141) dominated necropsy submissions. Infectious causes of avian mortality included myiasis due to Philornis sp. (n=6), avian pox (n=1), and schistosomosis (n=1).

  11. Geologic Map of the Santa Barbara Coastal Plain Area, Santa Barbara County, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minor, Scott A.; Kellogg, Karl S.; Stanley, Richard G.; Gurrola, Larry D.; Keller, Edward A.; Brandt, Theodore R.

    2009-01-01

    This report presents a newly revised and expanded digital geologic map of the Santa Barbara coastal plain area at a compilation scale of 1:24,000 (one inch on the map to 2,000 feet on the ground)1 and with a horizontal positional accuracy of at least 20 m. The map depicts the distribution of bedrock units and surficial deposits and associated deformation underlying and adjacent to the coastal plain within the contiguous Dos Pueblos Canyon, Goleta, Santa Barbara, and Carpinteria 7.5' quadrangles. The new map supersedes an earlier preliminary geologic map of the central part of the coastal plain (Minor and others, 2002; revised 2006) that provided coastal coverage only within the Goleta and Santa Barbara quadrangles. In addition to new mapping to the west and east, geologic mapping in parts of the central map area has been significantly revised from the preliminary map compilation - especially north of downtown Santa Barbara in the Mission Ridge area - based on new structural interpretations supplemented by new biostratigraphic data. All surficial and bedrock map units, including several new units recognized in the areas of expanded mapping, are described in detail in the accompanying pamphlet. Abundant new biostratigraphic and biochronologic data based on microfossil identifications are presented in expanded unit descriptions of the marine Neogene Monterey and Sisquoc Formations. Site-specific fault kinematic observations embedded in the digital map database are more complete owing to the addition of slip-sense determinations. Finally, the pamphlet accompanying the present report includes an expanded and refined summary of stratigraphic and structural observations and interpretations that are based on the composite geologic data contained in the new map compilation. The Santa Barbara coastal plain is located in the western Transverse Ranges physiographic province along an east-west-trending segment of the southern California coastline about 100 km (62 mi) northwest

  12. PRECENCIA DE LOS NEGROS EN SANTA MARTA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edgar Rey Sinning

    2002-08-01

    Full Text Available Partimos de señalar que las investigaciones sobre los negros en la Provincia de Santa Marta, son escasas; sin embargo, podemos afirmar que dos trabajos dan cuenta de su presencia en la ciudad y en todo su territorio. El primero, de ellos es la reciente publicación sobre la esclavitud entre los años 1791- 1851, de Dolcey Romero Jaramillo que revisa el papel de los negros en dicha provincia y ciudad. El otro es nuestro estudio sobre 10s negros llegados a Santa Marta desde el Departamento de Bolívar, en la década de los 80 del siglo pasado, titulado "Cristo Rey: Un Espacio para permanecer en el Tiempo". El presente artículo elabora una cronología de la presencia de los negros esclavos que llegaron a Santa Marta desde 1525, año de su fundación. Se señala cómo durante los primeros años se fueron autorizando dos (2 esclavos negros para algunas personas importantes, destinados a1 servicio doméstico. Política que se comienza a modificar a partir de 1535, cuando se le autorizan cien (100 esclavos al Gobernador Pedro Fernández de Lugo, y desde entonces, es importante su presencia en oficios varios, sobre todo en las actividades de las haciendas cercanas a Santa Marta, hasta el siglo XIX. A finales de ese siglo y comienzos del XX, es significativa su vinculación a] muelle -más tarde puerto-, como "muelleros" o "portuarios", asumiendo la responsabilidad de garantizar las actividades de carga y descarga del puerto samario. Igualmente se muestra su papel determinante en la construcción de las líneas férreas que unirían a la ciudad-puerto con la "Zona Bananera". Es para esta última actividad, que se traen negros desde Jamaica conocidos como "yumecas", llamados "yumecas" por los samarios.

  13. 2007款现代Santa Fe

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    现代为了开发新款Santa Fe(圣达菲)投入了1.55亿美元的资金,整个研发过程历时26个月,仅从车身长度看,新车增加了175mm。达到4675mm,同时轴距增加到2700mm。而车宽也增加了45mm,达到1890mm。

  14. 33 CFR 80.1138 - Santa Cruz Harbor, CA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Santa Cruz Harbor, CA. 80.1138 Section 80.1138 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY INTERNATIONAL NAVIGATION RULES COLREGS DEMARCATION LINES Pacific Coast § 80.1138 Santa Cruz Harbor, CA. A line drawn...

  15. 33 CFR 80.1126 - Santa Barbara Harbor, CA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Santa Barbara Harbor, CA. 80.1126 Section 80.1126 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY INTERNATIONAL NAVIGATION RULES COLREGS DEMARCATION LINES Pacific Coast § 80.1126 Santa Barbara Harbor, CA. A line...

  16. Free inside: The Music Class at Santa Ana Jail

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fierro, Joe

    2010-01-01

    This article examines the workings of the music class at the Santa Ana Jail in Santa Ana, California. It gives us insight into a jail system and a music class focused on helping inmates position themselves to become productive members of society. In this article I examine how the facility encourages inmates' good behaviour and why the music class…

  17. 27 CFR 9.31 - Santa Cruz Mountains.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Santa Cruz Mountains. 9.31... Cruz Mountains. (a) Name. The name of the viticultural area described in this section is “Santa Cruz Mountains.” (b) Approved maps. The 24 approved U.S.G.S. maps for determining the boundaries are 23...

  18. "Santa Maria" forever : Eesti ja Portugali kirjandussuhetest / Toomas Haug

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Haug, Toomas, 1956-

    2012-01-01

    Jaanuaris 1961 Portugali diktaatorlikule režiimile protestiks kaaperdatud laevast "Santa Maria", mis sai omamoodi vabaduse ja vastuhaku sümboliks ka okupeeritud Eestis. Artiklis käsitletakse sellest sündmusest mõjutatud teoseid, täpsemalt Aleksander Suumanni maali "Santa Maria" ja Paul-Eerik Rummo samanimelist luuletust

  19. "Santa Maria" forever : Eesti ja Portugali kirjandussuhetest / Toomas Haug

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Haug, Toomas, 1956-

    2015-01-01

    Jaanuaris 1961 Portugali diktaatorlikule režiimile protestiks kaaperdatud laevast "Santa Maria", mis sai omamoodi vabaduse ja vastuhaku sümboliks ka okupeeritud Eestis. Artiklis käsitletakse sellest sündmusest mõjutatud teoseid, täpsemalt Aleksander Suumanni maali "Santa Maria" ja Paul-Eerik Rummo samanimelist luuletust

  20. 77 FR 39726 - Land Acquisitions: Pueblo of Santa Clara

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-05

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Bureau of Indian Affairs Land Acquisitions: Pueblo of Santa Clara AGENCY: Bureau of Indian Affairs... into trust for the Pueblo of Santa Clara on January 27, 2012. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:...

  1. "Santa Maria" forever : Eesti ja Portugali kirjandussuhetest / Toomas Haug

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Haug, Toomas, 1956-

    2012-01-01

    Jaanuaris 1961 Portugali diktaatorlikule režiimile protestiks kaaperdatud laevast "Santa Maria", mis sai omamoodi vabaduse ja vastuhaku sümboliks ka okupeeritud Eestis. Artiklis käsitletakse sellest sündmusest mõjutatud teoseid, täpsemalt Aleksander Suumanni maali "Santa Maria" ja Paul-Eerik Rummo samanimelist luuletust

  2. "Santa Maria" forever : Eesti ja Portugali kirjandussuhetest / Toomas Haug

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Haug, Toomas, 1956-

    2015-01-01

    Jaanuaris 1961 Portugali diktaatorlikule režiimile protestiks kaaperdatud laevast "Santa Maria", mis sai omamoodi vabaduse ja vastuhaku sümboliks ka okupeeritud Eestis. Artiklis käsitletakse sellest sündmusest mõjutatud teoseid, täpsemalt Aleksander Suumanni maali "Santa Maria" ja Paul-Eerik Rummo samanimelist luuletust

  3. Laeliocattleya 'Brazilian Girl Rosa': cultivar de orquídea para cultivo em vaso Laeliocattleya 'Brazilian Girl Rosa': orchid cultivar for pot growth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean C Cardoso

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available A obtenção de cultivares de espécies ornamentais é estratégica para o desenvolvimento do país e possibilita obter plantas adaptadas às condições climáticas de cultivo. Aproximadamente 200 plantas de um cruzamento intergenérico entre um híbrido de Cattleya e outro de Laelia foram submetidos à seleção massal na fase de desenvolvimento vegetativo, selecionado-se aquelas com desenvolvimento mais rápido e sem sintomas de pragas e doenças. Ao final de três anos e meio, uma planta com características de crescimento vegetativo vigoroso, sem sintomas das principais pragas e doenças da cultura e boa qualidade de floração foi selecionada como nova cultivar Laeliocattleya 'Brazilian Girl Rosa'. A primeira floração demonstrou inflorescência longa e boa arquitetura com quatro flores de diâmetro médio de 11,7 cm, pétalas e sépalas firmes e proporcionais ao tamanho das flores. A coloração predominante das flores foi o rosa, com senescência aos 20 dias após a antese.The generation of cultivars of ornamental species is strategic for the country development and provides the achievement of plants which are adapted to the climatic conditions for cultivation. Nearly 200 plants from an intergeneric cross between a hybrid of Cattleya and another hybrid of Laelia were subjected to mass selection during the vegetative stage. The ones with quick development and without symptoms of pests and diseases were selected. After three and a half years, a plant presenting vigorous vegetative growth, no symptoms of the crop major pests and diseases and high flowering quality was selected as the new 'Brazilian Girl Rosa' cultivar of Laeliocattleya. The first flowering displayed good architecture and a long inflorescence with four flowers presenting an average diameter of 11.7 cm and, also, firm petals and sepals which were proportional to the flower size. Pink was the flower predominant color and the senescence occurred 20 days after anthesis.

  4. Heavy rainfall equations for Santa Catarina, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Álvaro José Back

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Knowledge of intensity-duration-frequency (IDF relationships of rainfall events is extremely important to determine the dimensions of surface drainage structures and soil erosion control. The purpose of this study was to obtain IDF equations of 13 rain gauge stations in the state of Santa Catarina in Brazil: Chapecó, Urussanga, Campos Novos, Florianópolis, Lages, Caçador, Itajaí, Itá, Ponte Serrada, Porto União, Videira, Laguna and São Joaquim. The daily rainfall data charts of each station were digitized and then the annual maximum rainfall series were determined for durations ranging from 5 to 1440 min. Based on these, with the Gumbel-Chow distribution, the maximum rainfall was estimated for durations ranging from 5 min to 24 h, considering return periods of 2, 5, 10, 20, 25, 50, and 100 years,. Data agreement with the Gumbel-Chow model was verified by the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, at 5 % significance level. For each rain gauge station, two IDF equations of rainfall events were adjusted, one for durations from 5 to 120 min and the other from 120 to 1440 min. The results show a high variability in maximum intensity of rainfall events among the studied stations. Highest values of coefficients of variation in the annual maximum series of rainfall were observed for durations of over 600 min at the stations of the coastal region of Santa Catarina.

  5. Cardioprotective effect of the Hibiscus rosa sinensis flowers in an oxidative stress model of myocardial ischemic reperfusion injury in rat

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    Krishnamoorthy Karthikeyan K

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The present study investigates the cardioprotective effects of Hibiscus rosa sinensis in myocardial ischemic reperfusion injury, particularly in terms of its antioxidant effects. Methods The medicinal values of the flowers of Hibiscus rosa sinensis (Chinese rose have been mentioned in ancient literature as useful in disorders of the heart. Dried pulverized flower of Hibiscus rosa sinensis was administered orally to Wistar albino rats (150–200 gms in three different doses [125, 250 and 500 mg/kg in 2% carboxy methyl cellulose (CMC], 6 days per week for 4 weeks. Thereafter, rats were sacrificed; either for the determination of baseline changes in cardiac endogenous antioxidants [superoxide dismutase, reduced glutathione and catalase] or the hearts were subjected to isoproterenol induced myocardial necrosis. Results There was significant increase in the baseline contents of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS [a measure of lipid per oxidation] with both doses of Hibiscus Rosa sinensis. In the 250 mg/kg treated group, there was significant increase in superoxide dismutase, reduced glutathione, and catalase levels but not in the 125 and 500 mg/kg treated groups. Significant rise in myocardial thiobarbituric acid reactive substances and loss of superoxide dismutase, catalase and reduced glutathione (suggestive of increased oxidative stress occurred in the vehicle treated hearts subjected to in vivo myocardial ischemic reperfusion injury. Conclusion It may be concluded that flower of Hibiscus rosa sinensis (250 mg/kg augments endogenous antioxidant compounds of rat heart and also prevents the myocardium from isoproterenol induced myocardial injury.

  6. Análise do discurso midiático do projeto "acolhida na colônia" na atividade do agroturismo em Santa Rosa de Lima - SC

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    Felipe Borborema Cunha Lima

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The subject of this article is the architectural and landscape complex of Igarassu, more specifically the interrelationships between cultural heritage, tourism and public management in the historic site. The field work showed that the current pattern of tourism is an instrument of devaluation and deterioration of this heritage, leaving reduced benefits to the city. This results from the external control of the flow of tourists and visitors, as well as the lack of effective public control and regulation by local government. Given the nature of the tourism market, specifically the agencies and tour guides, and public management in Igarassu, relevant changes in the interrelationships cited above are assessed as unlikely to happen, at least in the short and medium term.

  7. El derecho y la gestión local de agua en Santa Rosa de Ocopa, Junín, Perú

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Guevara Gil, J.A.

    2011-01-01

    Municipalidades y Comités de Regantes no son predios usualmente visitados por los legisladores y expertos que predican sobre la historia o la gestión actual del agua en el Perú. Y es que el canon oficial y académico los ha desterrado de su campo de observación, reflexión e intervención. Y lo ha hech

  8. Modelo agroecológico del agroecosistema en la Finca Alto Calima Vereda San Juan, Santa Rosa de Cabal, Risaralda, Colombia

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    Insuasty Jennifer

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se estudió el agroecosistema de la finca Alto Calima que utiliza prácticas agroecológicas y está ubicada en la cuenca media del rió Otún, vereda San Juan, Risaralda (Colombia. Dentro de un enfoque ecosistémico, se establecieron las relaciones de entradas y salidas de materia
    y energía, al igual que las relaciones internas del sistema agrícola; de esta manera se determinó si el sistema utilizado era sostenible. Por medio de preguntas en torno al funcionamiento y manejo del sistema agrícola, se pudo establecer que la finca cumple con los supuestos de sustentabilidad, debido a que la energía invertida en el manejo del sistema es equivalente o menor a la producción obtenida. De esta manera la producción se mantiene durante el año y es suficiente para asegurar la alimentación básica de la familia. El plan de manejo de la finca ha restablecido procesos ecológicos que logran regular los componentes del sistema. Este modelo ha propiciado el control biológico natural por medio de un manejo integrado de plagas; el mantenimiento de alta biodiversidad (más de 200 variedades de plantas; y el ciclaje interno de nutrientes suficiente para proveer energéticamente al sistema, evitando los subsidios de energía externa. Finalmente, se puede promover una integración regional, si más unidades productivas acogen este sistema, que aunque
    debe mejorar en sus procesos, conseguiría que la población campesina se agrupe y obtenga mayores beneficios de estas prácticas, entre ellos la ampliación de los mercados.

  9. El derecho y la gestión local de agua en Santa Rosa de Ocopa, Junín, Perú

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Guevara Gil, J.A.

    2011-01-01

    Municipalidades y Comités de Regantes no son predios usualmente visitados por los legisladores y expertos que predican sobre la historia o la gestión actual del agua en el Perú. Y es que el canon oficial y académico los ha desterrado de su campo de observación, reflexión e intervención. Y lo ha hech

  10. LA TECNOLOGÍA DE LA INFORMACIÓN COMO FACTOR COMPETITIVO: UN ESTUDIO EN EL APL COSECHA METAL-MECÁNICO SANTA ROSA/HORIZONTINA, RS, BRASIL

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    Graniel, Gilmar J.

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo aborda la utilización de la Tecnología de la Información (TI como factor competitivo en un Arreglo Productivo Local (APL Cosecha Metal-Mecánica en el estado de Río Grande del Sur, Brasil y tiene como objetivo buscar la comprensión de como el uso de la TI contribuye al aumento de la competitividad. Para alcanzar este objetivo, fue realizada una investigación en las empresas que componen el APL. Los resultados de la investigación indicaron que las empresas perciben la importancia del uso de la TI, pero que, en la práctica, su utilización es limitada, sobre todo tratándose de la planificación de la TI. Otro de los resultados que se encontró es que las empresas, aunque formen parte del APL, aún no colaboran entre sí, ya sea a través del cambio de informaciones, o a través de Sistemas de Información. Las principales recomendaciones ante estos resultados es que las empresas traten de actuar activamente para el fortalecimiento del APL. En lo que se refiere al uso de la TI se hace necesaria la planificación y la inversión en la adquisición de sistemas integrados para la mejor gerencia de las informaciones, lo cual contribuirá al aumento de la competitividad de las empresas que pertenecen al arreglo.

  11. Respuesta de la fertilización con Boro en el cultivo de Alfalfa Médica sativa Santa Rosa de Cusumba

    OpenAIRE

    Guantarilla, Nelson; Izquierdo Cadena, Freddy

    2005-01-01

    Las prederas naturales e introducidas, constituyen el reglón más importante y económico para la nutrición de ganado bovino en el Ecuador. La intensificación de las explotaciones de ganado lechero, principalmente en la Sierra, obligan a un constante mejoramiento de las pasturas, como principal fuente de alimento para los rumiantes lecheros...

  12. El derecho y la gestión local de agua en Santa Rosa de Ocopa, Junín, Perú

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Guevara Gil, J.A.

    2011-01-01

    Municipalidades y Comités de Regantes no son predios usualmente visitados por los legisladores y expertos que predican sobre la historia o la gestión actual del agua en el Perú. Y es que el canon oficial y académico los ha desterrado de su campo de observación, reflexión e intervención. Y lo ha

  13. Environmental Assessment, Eglin Air Force Base, Florida Department of Transportation. Section 6, Township 2 South, Range 26 West Eglin Air Force Base, Santa Rosa County, Florida

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-06-03

    PENSACOLA 8A Y TEXAR BAYOU 21 738 C<l4iforms NPS poor. Low Group4 &5 2011 Bayou Chico has slldJmenta1!on and water queDty problema . Bayou Otssolvlld...2 2.02. 3 3.03 HO PASSING tONE 0 o.oo 0 0.00 Al l OTHER ALCOHOL /DRUG USE CPER DRIVER/PEDESTRIAN) TOTAL ~ DESCRIPTION 55 31.60 UNKNOWN/NOt CODEO...111 63.79 ~OT ORrNKINC OR USING DR~GS 4 2.29 ALCOHOL·UWDER INFLUENCE 1 O.S7 ORUGS·UNDER INFLUENCE 1 0.57 ALCOHOL & ORUGS·UNDER INFLUEN 0 0.00 "AD

  14. Taxonomic survey and characterization of the habitat of aquatic insects in protected areas in a subtropical island

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    Jéssica da Rosa Pires

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Taxonomic inventories are the basis of several ecological studies and they enable a better understanding of the local and regional biodiversity. This paper aimed to survey the aquatic insect fauna in a subtropical island, as well as to generate information on the habitats used by the taxa found. Two regions showing a good state of environmental conservation in the Santa Catarina Island, in Santa Catarina, Brazil, were selected: “Lagoa do Peri” Municipal Park and “Desterro” Environmental Protected Area. Aquatic invertebrates were collected by using a Surber sampler (in a lotic environment and an Eckman-Birge dredger (in a lentic environment between 2009 and 2012. Sixty taxa were found, belonging to eight taxonomic orders. Thus, there were 19 new registers of aquatic insect families for Santa Catarina. At the sites of this study, 13 families already known for Santa Catarina were not observed, according to a comparison with articles published until July 2014. As for the habitat, richness differed between the types of the habitats sampled, with lower richness in the substrate “sand”. The study represents a significant contribution to knowledge on aquatic insects in Santa Catarina, especially regarding the biodiversity in islands.

  15. Beautiful hainan island

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪伦

    2002-01-01

    Hainan Island is the second largest island in China. It is situated on the Nanhai Sea(South China Sea) and faces Guangdong Province across Qiongzhou Strait (海峡).Hainan Province was established (建立)in 1988. It consists of Hainan Island, Xisha Islands, Zhongsha Islands, Nansha Islands and the vast sea areas around them.Its total area is 340,000 km2.

  16. Effect of Polysaccharides of Radix Rosa loevigata and Caulis Rosa laevigata on Intestinal Flora of Mouse%金樱根、金樱茎多糖对小鼠肠道菌群失调的调整作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王艳; 张立; 沈媛珍; 田素英

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To research the effect of polysaccharides of Radix Rosa laevigata and Caulis Rosa laevigata on intestinal flora of mouse. Method; Intestinal microbe dysbiosis in mice were constructed by intragastric administration of lincomycin (15 g -kg-1 , bid, 3d). The mice were given polysaccharides of Radix Rosa laevigata and Caulis Rosa laevigata ( 100 g-kg -1 of crude drug for 6 days, ) and then normal intestinal flora of fresh fecal was taken on the 10'h day to observe the changes in normal intestinal microflora in the first 10 days. The result was expressed as lgl0n -g -1The nomal control, positive control and spontaneous recovery groups were set up. Result; Intestinal microbe dysbiosis in mice was successfully established. After the intestinal microbial flora in mice was disturbed and then treatment by polysaccharides of Radix Rosa laevigata and Caulis Rosa laevigata for 6 days, alteration of intestinal flora in polysaccharides of Radix Rosa laevigata was basically regulated. For polysaccharides of Caulis Rosae laevigatae, comparing with the modle groups, only the quantity of Enterobacteriaceae and Bifidobacterrium was increased significantly (P < 0. 01 ) . Conclusion; The polysaccharides of Radix Rosa laevigata and Caulis Rosa laevigata have the function of regulating alteration of intestinal flora. Comparing with Caulis Rosae laevigatae, Radix Rosa laevigata has the better curative effect.%目的:研究金樱根、金樱茎多糖对肠道菌群失调小鼠的调整作用.方法:用盐酸林可霉素15 g·kg-1ig,2次/d,连续3d,建立小鼠肠道菌群失调模型,用含生药100 g·kg-1的金樱根、金樱茎多糖进行ig治疗,连续6d,于第10天取新鲜粪便检测肠道正常菌群(肠杆菌、肠球菌、双歧杆菌和乳杆菌)的变化.CFU·g-1粪便=每一稀释度平均菌落数×稀释倍数/滴种体积(mL).结果用1 g粪便中菌数的对数表示(lg10n·g-1).同时设正常对照、阳性对照、模型对照及自然恢复组.结果:6d治

  17. Reproductive Dynamics of Sterna hirundinacea Lesson, 1831 in Ilha dos Cardos, Santa Catarina, Brazil

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    Hélio Augusto Alves Fracasso

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available In this work, we intend to describe the reproductive dynamics of Sterna hirundinacea in an island from South Brazil. We studied the reproductive biology of this species in its natural environment and provide data on their growth, survival, and reproductive success in Ilha dos Cardos, Santa Catarina, South Brazil. Samplings were carried out daily on the island throughout the reproductive seasons of 2003, 2005, and 2006 and the different stages of development of the chicks were characterized according to age, length of the beak, and plumage characteristics. We provide a basic equation Lm=167.91 (1-e-0.062t--0.23 to determine the approximate age of individuals using their body mass. The main cause of chick mortality on the island was natural (63.17% in 2003, 81.41% in 2005, and 79.96% in 2006, whereas predation contributed to mortality in a proportion of 38.83% in 2003, 18.59% in 2005, and 20.04% in 2006. The absence in the area of the chicks’ main predator, Kelp gull (Larus dominicanus, the large number of chicks that reached the final stages of development, and their reproductive success demonstrate that Ilha dos Cardos is an important breeding site for the species in southern Brazil.

  18. Intertextual Sexual Politics: Illness and Desire in Enrique Gomez Carrillo's "Del amor", "del dolor y del vicio" and Aurora Caceres's "La rosa muerta"

    Science.gov (United States)

    LaGreca, Nancy

    2012-01-01

    This study explores the intertextuality between Aurora Caceres's "La rosa muerta" (1914) and the novel "Del amor, del dolor y del vicio" (1898) by her ex-husband, Enrique Gomez Carrillo. Caceres strategically mentions Gomez Carrillo's novel in "La rosa muerta" to invite a reading of her work in dialogue with his. Both narratives follow the sexual…

  19. Intertextual Sexual Politics: Illness and Desire in Enrique Gomez Carrillo's "Del amor", "del dolor y del vicio" and Aurora Caceres's "La rosa muerta"

    Science.gov (United States)

    LaGreca, Nancy

    2012-01-01

    This study explores the intertextuality between Aurora Caceres's "La rosa muerta" (1914) and the novel "Del amor, del dolor y del vicio" (1898) by her ex-husband, Enrique Gomez Carrillo. Caceres strategically mentions Gomez Carrillo's novel in "La rosa muerta" to invite a reading of her work in dialogue with his. Both narratives follow the sexual…

  20. Caracterización química de un suelo y tres mezclas de sustrato en rosa (rosa hybrida) variedad charlote en un sistema de cultivo a solución perdida

    OpenAIRE

    Petitt Barroso, Erick Intyllan

    2011-01-01

    El sistema sin suelo puede ser una opción al manejo del cultivo de rosa en suelos, en los cuales las propiedades físicas, químicas y biológicas no son adecuadas para una producción rentable. El objetivo del presente ensayo fue evaluar los cambios de las propiedades químicas del suelo y de sustratos a base de cascarilla de arroz quemada y fibra de coco, usada como medio de cultivo en un pico de producción de rosa variedad Charlotte injertada sobre “Natal Briar”, al igual se caracterizaro...

  1. Disease and Insect Pest Control Technical of Rosa roxburghii Tratt%刺梨病虫害防治技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶光伟; 李淼; 王德敏

    2014-01-01

    介绍了刺梨的形态特征和生物学特性,并针对其病虫害,包括白粉病、褐斑病、烟煤病、梨小食心虫、食叶害虫、月季长管蚜、白粉虱等分别总结防治技术,以期为刺梨高产栽培提供参考。%Morphological characteristics and biological characteristics of Rosa roxburghii Tratt were introduced.Disease and pest control techniques of Rosa roxburghii Tratt were summarized,including powdery mildew,brown blotch,dark mildew,oriental fruit moth,defoliator,Macrosiphum rosirvorum Zhang and Trialeurodes vaporariorum,so as to provide the reference for the high-yield cultivation of Rosa roxburghii Tratt.

  2. TERRITÓRIOS NÃO-CAPITALISTAS E REPRODUÇÃO DO CAPITAL: o papel de Rosa Luxemburgo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    César Ricardo Simoni Santos

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available As Rosa Luxemburg had done, some authors still defend nowadays the necessary permanence of non-capitalist forms of territories as resources to capital expansion and capital reproduction, in the various stages of the process. These ideas are useful to the comprehension of the spacious dynamics of capitalism, and most of them are founded on the same theory formulated by Rosa Luxemburg herself. Even though we do not agree with the necessity of maintaining non-capitalist territories, it's important to recognize that part of the capitalist expansion process can be justifi ed by mechanisms of this kind. Despite the fact that we cannot attribute solely to this theory the interpretation of capitalist reproduction, from a spacious perspective, as claimed Luxemburg and still does Rosa Tello Robira, it's undeniable that the use of typically non-capitalist formed territories has acted upon the development of the processes which usually result in capital accumulation.

  3. Micromycetes on climbing roses leaves (Rosa L. in the Botanic Garden of the Jagiellonian University in Cracow

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Kowalik

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Micromycetes inhabiting the leaves of 20 cultivars of climbing roses (Rosa L., grown in Botanic Garden of the Jagiellonian University in Cracow was investigated in the three successive years of research. Sixty-five taxa of of micromycetes was recorded with a few species dominating: Alternaria alternata, Epicoccum nigrum, Pestalotia rosae, Penicillium brevicompactum and Sordaria fimicola, accompanied by various other microfungi. A high abundance of rose black spot caused by Diplocarpon rosae was also observed. The affected leaves revealed advancing necrosis, substantially enhancing at the end of the growing season. Defoliation took place from June to October. Micromycetes inhabiting the leaves of climbing roses in Botanic Garden of the Jagiellonian University in Cracow considerably deteriorated the decorative aspect of the plants.

  4. Littoral transport rates in the Santa Barbara Littoral Cell: a process-based model analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elias, E. P. L.; Barnard, Patrick L.; Brocatus, John

    2009-01-01

    Identification of the sediment transport patterns and pathways is essential for sustainable coastal zone management of the heavily modified coastline of Santa Barbara and Ventura County (California, USA). A process-based model application, based on Delft3D Online Morphology, is used to investigate the littoral transport potential along the Santa Barbara Littoral Cell (between Point Conception and Mugu Canyon). An advanced optimalization procedure is applied to enable annual sediment transport computations by reducing the ocean wave climate in 10 wave height - direction classes. Modeled littoral transport rates compare well with observed dredging volumes, and erosion or sedimentation hotspots coincide with the modeled divergence and convergence of the transport gradients. Sediment transport rates are strongly dependent on the alongshore variation in wave height due to wave sheltering, diffraction and focusing by the Northern Channel Islands, and the local orientation of the geologically-controlled coastline. Local transport gradients exceed the net eastward littoral transport, and are considered a primary driver for hot-spot erosion.

  5. Pollen morphology of Polish native species of the Rosa genus (Rosaceae and its relation to systematics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dorota Wrońska-Pilarek

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available The morphology of pollen grains of 16 species from the Rosa L. genus were studied (i.e. R. agrestis, R. canina, R. dumalis, R. gallica, R. inodora, R. jundzillii, R. kostrakiewiczii, R. majalis, R. micrantha, R. mollis, R. pendulina, R. rubiginosa, R. sherardii, R. tomentosa, R. villosa, and R. zalana. The material came from 16 native localities of those species in Poland. The measurements are based on at least 30-50 randomly selected, fully developed pollen grains per specimen. In total, 500 pollen grains were examined. They were analysed for 13 quantitative features of pollen grains and exine sculpturing and the following qualitative traits: outline, shape, "operculum" structure. The diagnostic features of pollen grains of studied species were: length of polar and equatorial axes and length of ectocolpi. The above-mentioned pollen grain morphological features make isolation of one species possible: R. gallica. R. gallica is distinguished for its highest values of the length of polar and equatorial axes, and the length of ectocolpi. The obtained analytical results of operculum and exine sculpture features, considered as diagnostic, corroborated only slightly their priority significance for the isolation of the examined species and sections. The collected data failed to confirm fully the current taxonomical division of the Rosa genus into sections (only section Gallicanae from R. gallica is isolated as well as consanguinity relationships between the examined species from the Caninae section. On the dendrogram, both species closely related with each other as well as those from other developmental lines were found in the same group. These equivocal results are by no means surprising because the Caninae section is the most polymorphic group in the Rosa genus, and contemporary Caninae are of the nature of a swarm of R. canina hybrids as a link combining all taxons of the section.

  6. DIVERSIDAD GENÉTICA DE Peronospora sparsa (PERONOSPORACEAE EN CULTIVOS DE ROSA DE COLOMBIA

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    MARÍN-MONTOYA MAURICIO

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available El mildeo velloso de la rosa es la enfermedad más limitante de este cultivo en Colombia. Aunque algunos trabajos de investigación se han adelantado recientemente sobre la epidemiología de esta enfermedad, uno de los campos menos estudiados es el nivel de variabilidad de su agente causal. El conocimiento de este aspecto es fundamental para definir las estrategias de manejo, especialmente aquellas relacionadas con la resistencia genética y el control químico. Los objetivos de esta investigación fueron confirmar la identidad taxonómica del agente causal del mildeo velloso de la rosa y profundizar en el conocimiento de su estructura poblacional en Colombia. Para esto se colectaron 34 aislamientos del pseudohongo en cultivos de rosas ubicados en Antioquia y la sabana de Bogotá y se extrajo su ADN, para proceder a la amplificación mediante PCR de la región ITS del ADNr utilizando los primers especieespecíficos PS3 y PS1. Dichos productos se emplearon tanto para su secuenciación directa como para la evaluación de variabilidad genética mediante la técnica PCRRFLP, resultados que se complementaron con la utilización de los marcadores RAPD y RAMS. La presencia de un amplicón de aproximadamente 700 pb que compartió un porcentaje de identidad del 100% con secuencias depositadas en el GenBank, permitió confirmar a los aislamientos como pertenecientes a Peronospora sparsa, mientras que el análisis de RFLP, RAPD y RAMS indicó un muy bajo nivel de variabilidad entre todos los aislamientos, concluyéndose que la población de P. sparsa en Colombia es predominantemente clonal

  7. DIVERSIDAD GENÉTICA DE Peronospora sparsa (PERONOSPORACEAE EN CULTIVOS DE ROSA DE COLOMBIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MARILUZ AYALA-VÁSQUEZ

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available El mildeo velloso de la rosa es la enfermedad más limitante de este cultivo en Co- lombia. Aunque algunos trabajos de investigación se han adelantado recientemente sobre la epidemiología de esta enfermedad, uno de los campos menos estudiados es el nivel de variabilidad de su agente causal. El conocimiento de este aspecto es fun- damental para definir las estrategias de manejo, especialmente aquellas relacionadas con la resistencia genética y el control químico. Los objetivos de esta investigación fueron confirmar la identidad taxonómica del agente causal del mildeo velloso de la rosa y profundizar en el conocimiento de su estructura poblacional en Colombia. Para esto se colectaron 34 aislamientos del pseudohongo en cultivos de rosas ubi- cados en Antioquia y la sabana de Bogotá y se extrajo su ADN, para proceder a la amplificación mediante PCR de la región ITS del ADNr utilizando los primers especie- específicos PS3 y PS1. Dichos productos se emplearon tanto para su secuenciación directa como para la evaluación de variabilidad genética mediante la técnica PCR- RFLP, resultados que se complementaron con la utilización de los marcadores RAPD y RAMS. La presencia de un amplicón de aproximadamente 700 pb que compartió un porcentaje de identidad del 100% con secuencias depositadas en el GenBank, per- mitió confirmar a los aislamientos como pertenecientes a Peronospora sparsa , mientras que el análisis de RFLP, RAPD y RAMS indicó un muy bajo nivel de variabilidad entre todos los aislamientos, concluyéndose que la población de P. sparsa en Colombia es predominantemente clonal.

  8. Uso eficiente del agua para el cultivo de rosa cv. Freedom bajo invernadero

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John J. Arévalo-H

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Determinar el requerimiento de agua y el momento adecuado de distribución, es un factor fundamental para el cultivo de flores. El objetivo del presente trabajo fue determinar el efecto de la aplicación de tres láminas de riego sobre el desarrollo y producción del cultivo de la Rosa cv. Freedom, bajo invernadero. El experimento se realizó con tres láminas de riego en un cultivo de rosa (Rosa spp. cv. Freedom. Se analizó el crecimiento de los tallos florales, la vida en florero, la producción y la eficiencia en el uso del agua. Los tratamientos se basaron en tres niveles de evapotranspiración de cultivo (ETc (70, 80 y 100%. Durante el estudio, el cultivo se mantuvo en producción constante. Se aplicaron 384,87, 254,25 y 218,97 m³ correspondiente a 100, 80 e 70% de ETc respectivamente, significando un ahorro de agua de 14,0 y 21,8% en el 80 e 70% de ETc respectivamente. El coeficiente de cultivo (Kc vario entre 0,58 y 1,65, con una media de 1,13. No se encontraron diferencias en la producción. Las curvas de crecimiento presentaron incremento continuo, con ajuste al modelo logístico. El 70% de ETc presentó la mayor eficiencia en el uso del agua, con 185 tallos m-3. La conservación media de los tallos florales fue de 12 a 15 días. La mayor causa de pérdida fue la deshidratación, que inició en el día 11, comportamiento normal del tallo floral.

  9. Effect of Alcoholic Extract of Rosa canina on Hepatic Tissue and Hepatic Enzymes Activity in Diabetic Rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seyedmahdi Banan Khojasteh

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Background & aim: Nowadays because of difficulty in the supply and injection of insulin and blood sugar reducing drugs and considering the side effects of chemical drugs, researcher’s attention is drawn to using herbal medicines. Liver is one of the organs affected by diabetes in different functional aspects. The purpose of this research was studying the effect of Rosa canina extract on reducing the adverse effects and improving diabetes symptoms related to histophysiology, amount of biochemical serum factors and liver enzymes in male rats. Methods: 32 male Wistar rats, weighed 200-220 gr, were divided into 4 groups. Diabetes was induced by intraperitoneal injection of STZ (60mg/kg. The period of experiments was 4 weeks. At the end of experiments, the rats were sacrificed and their serums were collected for measurement of liver enzymes. Also, histological sampling of liver was done. Statistical analysis was performed using analysis of variance (one-way ANOVA. Results: The results of this study showed that treatment with ethanol extract of Rosa canina led to significant reduction of liver enzymes in the Rosa extract-treated groups in comparison with the diabetic group, indicating the protective effect of alcoholic extract of Rosa canina on liver tissue against diabetes-induced damages. In liver histopathology, a distinct fat change in the lobular center areas was created in the diabetic group. Pathological changes were not significant in the liver of the Rosa extract-treated groups; liver in this group was relatively healthier than in diabetic group. Conclusions: Rosa extract improved this organ's function in STZ-induced diabetic rats by reducing serum biomarkers of liver pathology and reducing histological damages.

  10. The comparative accuracy of the ROSA stereotactic robot across a wide range of clinical applications and registration techniques.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brandmeir, Nicholas J; Savaliya, Sandip; Rohatgi, Pratik; Sather, Michael

    2017-05-08

    Robot-assisted stereotactic neurosurgery is an emerging technology with a growing range of applications. The ROSA system is a robotic stereotactic system that has been shown to be accurate in laboratory studies and large case series. The goal of this study was to examine the accuracy of the ROSA across different registration methods as well as different clinical applications. Sixteen patients with one hundred and seventeen stereotactic trajectories were examined. Accuracy was compared by measuring the distance between the trajectory target and the actual termination of the device as determined by imaging. Entry error and angular deviation were also measured. Variables included bone fiducials vs. laser facial scanning, the clinical indication for stereotactic surgery, and the effect of lead deflection on accuracy. Bone fiducials did not offer an accuracy benefit over laser facial scanning (mean target error 4.5-3.9 mm, p = 0.34) in these clinical scenarios. Laser interstitial thermal therapy, responsive neurostimulation, and stereo electroencephalography were equally accurate when placed by the ROSA (mean target error 4.4-4.3-4.0 mm, respectively, p = 0.69). Deflection did not affect lead accuracy (mean target error 4.4-3.9 mm, p = 0.11). Similar results are seen for entry error and angular deviation. ROSA is a highly accurate stereotactic system. Laser facial scanning provides the same accuracy as bone fiducials in these stereotactic applications. The ROSA is equally accurate across a wide spectrum of applications. The ROSA is effective at limiting lead deflection, and when it does occur, it does not impact target accuracy in a significant way.

  11. Modernization projects in Santa Maria e Garona; Proyectos de modernizacion en Santa Maria de Garona

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marcos, R.; Alutiz, J. I.; Garcia Sanchez, M.

    2011-07-01

    This article shows a vision of the Santa Maria de Garona power Plant modernization guidelines and it also presents the most significant projects deployed in the last decade at the power plant grouped in mechanics projects, electrical projects, instrumentations projects and IT projects. At the same time three projects are explained in more detail: the change of one of the main transformers, the evolution from paper recorders to paperless video graphic recorders and the new plant data information system. (Author)

  12. FRANZ KAFKA E GUIMARÃES ROSA: A SOCIEDADE DO CONTROLE INTEGRADO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Eustáquio Soares

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Tendo como referência a literatura do escritor Checo Franz Kafka e o romance Grande Sertão: veredas (1956, de João Guimarães Rosa, através do apoio teórico de Walter Benjamin, Giorgio Agamben, Michel Foucault, Gilles Deleuze, Félix Guattari, este artigo investiga três formas de estado de exceção:a soberana, a disciplinar e a do controle, propondo a simultaneidade delas a partir do conceito de sociedade do controle integrado.

  13. Morphological and micromorphological study within the taxonomical complex section Caninae, subsection Caninae, Rosa canina L.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nargess Fatemi

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available In this study, the morphological and micromorphological characters in form-series of species Rosa canina were considered. In this species, it is difficult to find constant morphological features due to its wide distribution and high potential for hybridization with other species of this genus. Therefore, 30 morphological and 31 micromorphological characters were studied. Regarding high variable of features specially four characters indumentum leaflet, pedicle, glandular leaflet and pedicle, this species was classified into 8 groups. Anatomical, micromorphological and statistical studies with SPSS and NTsysb softwares showed that these characters were valuable to separate these form-series from each other.

  14. A feeling for Systems Development Work - Design of the ROSA project

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bødker, Susanne; Greenbaum, Joan

    1988-01-01

    This article is based on the design of a research project that will look at intuition, learning processes, language and roles in the development of computer systems. The research project, called ROSA (a Danish acronym for Roles and Cooperation in Systems Development) grew out of our interest...... of a gender perspective means that we do not intend to look for, or prove, the existence of differences between men and women, but rather to use gender awareness to 'listen to' and get a 'feeling for' how systems developers work together. Our research methods are interdisciplinary and based on action...

  15. PORTUGUESE LITERATURE FOR CHILDREN: AQUILINO RIBEIRO AND MATILDE ROSA ARAÚJO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luci Ruas

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available This work shows that, in the twentieth century, specifically in its second half, many of the texts produced for children already showed clear concern in separating itself from the receiver, so that value is given to how they are built, that is, so that from the writing scripture is made, and from text, literature. For this purpose, we start by presenting the concerns of Antero de Quental and Eça de Queiroz, and then approaching the literary work of Aquilino Ribeiro, specifically O romance da raposa, following with the approach present in the literary work of Matilde Rosa Araújo. 

  16. El espiritualismo poético de Leopoldo de la Rosa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Néstor Madrid Malo

    1963-12-01

    Full Text Available La muerte de Leopoldo de la Rosa -acaecida hace poco en México- repropone y actualiza el tema de su admirable poesía y de su extraña personalidad, supérstite por tantos años a la época de su mayor producción lírica y al ámbito cronológico de su propia generación. De lo primero trataremos largamente en el curso de estas notas.

  17. Métodos de lectura en El Nombre de la Rosa

    OpenAIRE

    Hernández Hernández, Pablo

    2013-01-01

    En el presente artículo se analizan e interpretan las diferentes estrategias de lectura descritas en la novela del intelectual italiano Umberto Eco titulada El nombre de la rosa. Dichas estrategias son tomadas en nuestro estudio tanto en cuanto posibles explicaciones de la relación entre el ser humano y la realidad, como en cuanto complejos procesos epistemológicos. Tras dicha descripción y análisis se puede concluir una vigencia palpable de la discusión de las posibilidades que la novela des...

  18. De la huelga revolucionaria a los flash mob. Rosa Luxemburgo y el Movimiento Global

    OpenAIRE

    Errejón Galván, Iñigo; Iglesias Turrión, Pablo

    2005-01-01

    La relación entre partidos políticos y movimiento, la autonomía del movimiento frente a dinámicas institucionales o los problemas relativos a la organización, figuran entre los temas más importantes y más debatidos en el Movimiento Global contra el Capitalismo y la Guerra. En este trabajo recuperaremos categorías, conceptos y polémicas del pensamiento de Rosa Luxemburgo para emplearlos como instrumentos analíticos de los procesos de movilización del Movimiento Global. El periodo de tiempo que...

  19. A new species of Metagovea Rosas Costa, 1950 from Napo Province, Ecuador (Opiliones, Cyphophthalmi, Neogoveidae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giupponi, Alessandro P L; Kury, Adriano Brilhante

    2015-01-01

    As a result of an expedition to Ecuador in 2014, a new species of mite harvestman was discovered. This new species belonging to the genus Metagovea Rosas Costa, 1950 - Metagovealigiae sp. n. - is described, based on male and female specimens from Napo Province, Ecuador. This is the fourth species described for the genus and the second from Ecuador. A simple terminology is proposed for the microtrichiae of the spermatopositor and genital characters in the family are discussed. The genus Brasiliogovea Martens, 1969 is consistently misspelled in the literature as Brasilogovea. The description of Metagovealigiae offered opportunity to discuss some aspects of systematics of the family.

  20. De la huelga revolucionaria a los flash mob. Rosa Luxemburgo y el Movimiento Global

    OpenAIRE

    Errejón Galván, Iñigo; Iglesias Turrión, Pablo

    2005-01-01

    La relación entre partidos políticos y movimiento, la autonomía del movimiento frente a dinámicas institucionales o los problemas relativos a la organización, figuran entre los temas más importantes y más debatidos en el Movimiento Global contra el Capitalismo y la Guerra. En este trabajo recuperaremos categorías, conceptos y polémicas del pensamiento de Rosa Luxemburgo para emplearlos como instrumentos analíticos de los procesos de movilización del Movimiento Global. El periodo de tiempo que...

  1. Being Mexican : Identity, Location, and Rosa Nissán(III)

    OpenAIRE

    Eli Gardner, Nathanial

    2014-01-01

    Being Mexican is the first book-length attempt to understand the narrative of the Mexican writer Rosa Nissán. Its focus are her first two novels, Novia que te vea and Hisho que te nazca, which are coming-of-age narratives in which the protagonist, Oshinica, attempts to understand her family and community as she grows up during the prosperious years of the Mexican Miracle and the changing society found in Mexico in the 1960s and 1970s. After setting down the groundwork for this study in the fi...

  2. Being Mexican: Identity, Location, and Rosa Nissán (II)

    OpenAIRE

    Eli Gardner, Nathanial

    2014-01-01

    Being Mexican is the first book-length attempt to understand the narrative of the Mexican writer Rosa Nissán. Its focus are her first two novels, Novia que te vea and Hisho que te nazca, which are coming-of-age narratives in which the protagonist, Oshinica, attempts to understand her family and community as she grows up during the prosperious years of the Mexican Miracle and the changing society found in Mexico in the 1960s and 1970s. After setting down the groundwork for this study in the fi...

  3. Atividade fungitóxica de extratos vegetais e produtos comerciais contra Diplocarpon rosae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janaina Miyashiro Simon

    Full Text Available RESUMO O objetivo deste trabalho foi verificar o potencial de extratos oriundos de plantas medicinais (Rosmarinus officinalis L., Equisetum arvense L. e Moringa oleifera Lam. e produtos comerciais (a base de extratos vegetais, óleos vegetais e fosfito de potássio no controle in vitro de Diplocarpon rosae. Avaliou-se o efeito dos tratamentos sobre o fitopatógeno pelo índice de velocidade de crescimento micelial, inibição do crescimento micelial, inibição da esporulação, índice de esporulação, síntese de proteínas, a atividade específica de peroxidase e catalase no micélio do fitopatógeno, utilizando extrato bruto aquoso (EBA de folhas de R. officinalis (1%; EBA de caules de E. arvense (1%; EBA de sementes de M. oleifera (1%; produto comercial a base de extratos vegetais fermentados (0,01%; produto comercial a base de fosfito de potássio (0,01%; produto comercial a base de óleos vegetais (0,01%; produto a base de massa cítrica (0,01%; fungicida a base de Tiofanato metílico (0,007%; adjuvante (0,0025% BDA e BD. Pelos resultados observou-se maior redução do crescimento de D. rosae quando na presença do produto comercial a base de óleos vegetais. O EBA de E. arvense e o produto comercial a base de extratos vegetais fermentados apresentaram efeito anti-esporulante. Os tratamentos com EBA de R. officinalis, EBA de E. arvense, EBA de M. oleifera, produto comercial a base de óleos vegetais e produto a base de massa cítrica aumentaram a síntese de proteínas no micélio D.rosae. Houve aumento da atividade específica das enzimas peroxidase e catalase no micélio quando na presença do EBA de R. officinalis e produto comercial a base de fosfito de potássio, respectivamente. O EBA de E. arvense, e os produtos comerciais a base de óleos vegetais e a base de extratos vegetais fermentados, apresentaram resultados promissores no controle do fitopatógeno D. rosae.

  4. EstÃrdias stories: the storyteller in General Court, GuimarÃes Rosa

    OpenAIRE

    Josà LourenÃo Becco Rodrigues

    2005-01-01

    GuimarÃes Rosa was a storyteller. Throughout all his literary work, there are many storys, in all sizes and kinds. The characters who tell these stories are as important as the stories themselves. Among the many storytellers found in the pages of Corpo de baile we can remark the boy Miguilim, in âCampo Geralâ. Within these pages, we tried to understand the act of storytelling as a major factor in the growing process of Miguilim. He and the other children who are storytellers have a creative g...

  5. Investigation of Polyhenolic Content of Rose Hip (Rosa canina L.) Tea Extracts: A Comparative Study

    OpenAIRE

    Zeynep İlbay; Selin Şahin; Ş. İsmail Kirbaşlar

    2013-01-01

    Three different brands of Rose hip (Rosa canina L.) tea were extracted with water, ethanol (EtOH), methanol (MeOH), and aqueous mixtures (50%, v/v) by ultrasound-assisted extraction (UAE) and Soxhlet methods. Total phenolic content was determined according to the Folin-Ciocalteu method. The results were presented by means of the extract yields and total phenolic contents, expressed in gallic acid equivalent (GAE) per g of dried matter (DM). The greatest amount of extract observed in tea sampl...

  6. Santa Barbara Cluster Comparison Test with DISPH

    CERN Document Server

    Saitoh, Takayuki

    2016-01-01

    The Santa Barbara cluster comparison project (Frenk et al. Frenk+1999) revealed that there is a systematic difference between entropy profiles of clusters of galaxies obtained by Eulerian mesh and Lagrangian smoothed particle hydrodynamics (SPH) codes: Mesh codes gave a core with a constant entropy whereas SPH codes did not. One possible reason for this difference is that mesh codes are not Galilean invariant. Another possible reason is the problem of the SPH method, which might give too much "protection" to cold clumps because of the unphysical surface tension induced at contact discontinuities. In this paper, we apply the density independent formulation of SPH (DISPH), which can handle contact discontinuities accurately, to simulations of a cluster of galaxies, and compare the results with those with the standard SPH. We obtained the entropy core when we adopt DISPH. The size of the core is, however, significantly smaller than those obtained with mesh simulations, and is comparable to those obtained with qu...

  7. Computer Security: a plea to Santa Claus

    CERN Multimedia

    Stefan Lueders, Computer Security Team

    2015-01-01

    Running pirated software or illegal licences, using cracking tools to bypass software activation measures, sharing music and films – these are problems that academic environments unfortunately have to deal with. All violate the copyright of the software/music/film owners, and copyright owners are not Santa Claus...    CERN, like other research organisations and universities, regularly receives allegations from external companies complaining about laptops or PCs running illegal software or sharing their films, videos or music with peers – and thus violating copyright.  Usually, we then contact the owners of the corresponding devices in order to understand whether these allegations are true. Very often such allegations boil down to a laptop whose owner replies “I confirm that a torrent client was left up and running on my device by mistake” or “This is a file that is stored on my personal hard disk.” As if those allegatio...

  8. Hyundai Santa Fe 2.7

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田永梁

    2005-01-01

    Santa Fe无疑现代最强壮结实的汽车,它的自信与果断,让它成为现代汽车当之无愧的大哥。桀骜不驯的造型、怪异的线条、自信果断。虽然颇受争议,但依然是一副毁誉由人的态度。不过,无论你是喜欢还是不喜欢,你都只需要看它一眼就知道:这是现代汽车。

  9. Diagnóstico de la fertilidad en rosas para corte mediante análisis foliares

    OpenAIRE

    Di Benedetto, Adalberto Hugo; Befumo, M; G. Rossi; Boschi, Carlos Luis

    1994-01-01

    p.229-234 En los meses de setiembre y diciembre de 1992 se tomaron muestras foliares de lotes con distintos períodos de cultivo y manejo cultural (con y sin calefacción invernal) de siete variedades de Rosa hybrida. Los resultados indican que: (1) es posible utilizar un número de muestras foliares relativamente pequeño para un monitoreo continuo de la fertilidad del cultivo y recomendaciones de fertilización en rosas para corte. (2) un análisis foliar que contenga sólo los macroelementos p...

  10. Localised magmatic constraints on continental back-arc volcanism in southern Mendoza, Argentina: the Santa Maria Volcano

    Science.gov (United States)

    Espanon, Venera R.; Chivas, Allan R.; Turner, Simon P.; Kinsley, Leslie P. J.; Dosseto, Anthony

    2016-11-01

    The Payún Matrú Volcanic Field constitutes part of the continental back-arc in Argentina. This volcanic field has been the focus of several regional investigations; however, geochemical analysis of recent volcanoes (<8 ka) at the scale of an individual volcano has not been conducted. We present a morphological description for the Santa Maria Volcano in addition to results from major and trace element analysis and 238U-230Th-226Ra disequilibria. The trace element evidence suggests that the Santa Maria magmatic source has a composition similar to that of the local intraplate end member (resembling an ocean island basalt-like source), with a slight contribution from subduction-related material. The U-series analyses suggest a high 226Ra excess over 230Th for this volcano, which is not derived from a shallow process such as hydrothermal alteration or upper crustal contamination. Furthermore, intermediate-depth processes such as fractional crystallisation have been inferred for the Santa Maria Volcano, but they are not capable of producing the 226Ra excess measured. The 226Ra excess is explained by deep processes like partial melting of mantle lithologies with some influence from subducted Chilean trench sediments. Due to the short half-life of 226Ra (1600 years), we infer that fast magma ascent rates are required to preserve the high 226Ra excess.

  11. Early Neogene unroofing of the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta along the Bucaramanga -Santa Marta Fault

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piraquive Bermúdez, Alejandro; Pinzón, Edna; Bernet, Matthias; Kammer, Andreas; Von Quadt, Albrecht; Sarmiento, Gustavo

    2016-04-01

    Plate interaction between Caribbean and Nazca plates with Southamerica gave rise to an intricate pattern of tectonic blocks in the Northandean realm. Among these microblocks the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta (SNSM) represents a fault-bounded triangular massif composed of a representative crustal section of the Northandean margin, in which a Precambrian to Late Paleozoic metamorphic belt is overlain by a Triassic to Jurassic magmatic arc and collateral volcanic suites. Its western border fault belongs to the composite Bucaramanga - Santa Marta fault with a combined left lateral-normal displacement. SE of Santa Marta it exposes remnants of an Oligocene marginal basin, which attests to a first Cenoizoic activation of this crustal-scale lineament. The basin fill consists of a sequence of coarse-grained cobble-pebble conglomerates > 1000 m thick that unconformably overlay the Triassic-Jurassic magmatic arc. Its lower sequence is composed of interbedded siltstones; topwards the sequence becomes dominated by coarser fractions. These sedimentary sequences yields valuable information about exhumation and coeval sedimentation processes that affected the massif's western border since the Upper Eocene. In order to analyse uplifting processes associated with tectonics during early Neogene we performed detrital zircon U-Pb geochronology, detrital thermochronology of zircon and apatites coupled with the description of a stratigraphic section and its facies composition. We compared samples from the Aracataca basin with analog sequences found at an equivalent basin at the Oca Fault at the northern margin of the SNSM. Our results show that sediments of both basins were sourced from Precambrian gneisses, along with Mesozoic acid to intermediate plutons; sedimentation started in the Upper Eocene-Oligocene according to palynomorphs, subsequently in the Upper Oligocene a completion of Jurassic to Cretaceous sources was followed by an increase of Precambrian input that became the dominant

  12. Evaluating Susceptibility to Commercial Fungicide of Endophytic Fungi Isolated from Roses (Rosa hybrida Evaluación de la susceptibilidad de hongos endófitos aislados de rosa (rosa hybrida a fungicidas comerciales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Restrepo Silvia

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available Fungal endophytes have shown their potential as biocontrol agents; however, their application in commercial fields remains limited. Continuously applying fungicides to crops (specifically to roses may have harmful effects on endophyte growth. Endophytic fungi were isolated from R. hybrida and their susceptibility to fungicides regularly used for controlling important pathogens was analysed. This was performed in vitro, mixing several fungicide concentrations with standard medium for fungal endophytes; growth inhibition was then measured. The susceptibility of Botrytis cinerea (3015 strain, one of the most important pathogens affecting roses in Colombia, was also assessed using the same protocols. Active ingredients, such as boscalid, captan, iprodione and pyrimethanyl, showed susceptibility ranging from not sensitive (³73.75% to regularly sensitive (³48.75% - 61.25% for 45.45% of the fungal endophytes assessed. Endophytic fungi were highly susceptible to fungicides such as pyrimethanyl, carboxin plus thiram, fludioxonyl plus ciprodinyl and prochloraz. B. cinerea (3015 strain presented high susceptibility (23.75% to fungicides such as pyrimethanyl, carboxin and thiram, fludioxonil and ciprodinyl, prochloraz. Although B. cinerea showed the greatest growth in controls, the endophytic fungi being assessed grew better in different media with fungicides. The results revealed some of these fungal endophytes’ potential for integrated pest management (IPM in roses in Colombia (3002, 3003, 3004, 3005 and 3006 strains, taking into account correct application time, application frequency and both fungal endophyte and fungicide dosage which may greatly limit fungal endophyte growth.Los hongos endófitos han mostrado potencial como agentes de control biológico. Sin embargo, su aplicación en campos comerciales es aún limitada. En rosas, la continua aplicación de fungicidas en cultivos puede tener efectos deletéreos en el crecimiento de los end

  13. Hawaiian Island Archipelago

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-01-01

    The entire Hawaiian Island Archipelago (21.5N, 158.0W) is seen in this single view. The islands are a favorite international resort and tourist attraction drawing visitors from all over the world to enjoy the tropical climate, year round beaches and lush island flora. Being volcanic in origin, the islands' offer a rugged landscape and on the big island of Hawaii, there is still an occasional volcanic eruption of lava flows and steam vents.

  14. Effect of Rosa aromatherapy on anxiety before cardiac catheterization: A randomized controlled trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Atye Babaii

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Background and Objectives: Most patients experience moderate to severe anxiety before cardiac catheterization. This study aimed to investigate the effect of Rosa aromatherapy on anxiety before cardiac catheterization. Methods: In this randomized controlled trial, 60 patients who met the inclusion criteria were conveniently sampled and randomly allocated to the experimental and control groups. Patients in the control group received routine care. In the experimental group, patients received routine care and Rosa aromatherapy for eighteen minutes. The level of anxiety was measured immediately before, and after the treatment. Results: In the stages before and after the study, there were no significant differences between the two groups in the terms of the mean scores of state and total anxiety. However, the mean score of trait anxiety in the experimental group was significantly lower than the control group. Furthermore, there was no significant difference between pre- and post-treatment in both groups. Conclusion: Most of the patients experience moderate to severe anxiety before cardiac catheterization. The findings of this study demonstrate that aromatherapy, as administered in this study, is not beneficial.

  15. Biological and molecular detection of Hibiscus chlorotic ringspot virus infecting Hibiscus rosa-sinensis in Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reza POURRAHIM

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available During 2011, ten leaf samples of Hibiscus rosa-sinensis with virus-like symptoms including diffuse mottling, numerous chlorotic spots and chlorotic ring spots, were collected from Guilan province, North Iran. The results of mechanical inoculation of sap from these leaves onto different indicator hosts showed local lesions (chlorotic or necrotic on Gompherena globosa, Chenopodium amaranticolor, C. quinoa and Gossypium hirsutum, while Hibiscus cannabinus (kenaf showed systemic chlorotic ring spot symptoms. Purified preparations of the isolated virus contained isometric particles approximately 28–30 nm in diameter. A specific band of about 1.3 kb was amplified from all symptomatic leaves using Hibiscus chlorotic ringspot virus (HCRSV specific primers. Comparative sequence analysis revealed that the IRN.HCRSV (JX865593 isolate shared the greatest nucleotide sequence identity (96.5% with NC-003608 (Singapore and the least nt sequence identity (91.5% with DQ392986 (Taiwan isolates. The phylogenetic tree showed at least two subgroups for HCRSV isolates in which the Iranian isolate was grouped with Singapore HCSRV (NC-003608. This is the first report of HCRSV in H. rosa-sinensis in Iran.

  16. GERAIS E MATO DENTRO: MINAS EM GUIMARÃES ROSA E CORNÉLIO PENNA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Bueno

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available ResumoO presente texto procurar proceder a uma aproximação entre as obras de GuimarãesRosa e Cornélio Penna. Para isto, procura demonstrar como um elemento não racional– a ligação dos personagens com a terra – é mobilizado de forma semelhante pelos dois autores. Em seguida, analisa como esse elemento permite constituir uma imagem dos impasses sociais no Brasil.Palavras-chaveLiteratura brasileira; século XX; Guimarães Rosa; Cornélio Penna. Luís Bueno Professor de Literatura Brasileira da Universidade Federaldo Paraná. Doutor em Teoria e História Literária pela Unicamp. Autorde Uma história do romance de 30 (São Paulo; Campinas: Edusp; Editorada Unicamp, 2006 e co-organizador de Confederação dos tamoios:edição fac-similar seguida da polêmica sobre o poema (Curitiba: EditoraUFPR, 2007.

  17. Flowering biology and pollen production of four species of the genus Rosa L.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beata Żuraw

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Wild growing rose species are of great importance as a source of pollen for insects. Oil extracted from the petals of various Rosa species is used in perfumery, cosmetic industry, and therapeutics. In our study, we compared the flowering duration and flower lifespan, the number of stamens and pistils, the mass and size of pollen grains as well as the anatomical features of the petals of four Rosa species: R. canina, R. ×damascena, R. gallica, and R. rugosa. Moreover, we examined the pollen loads collected by bumblebees foraging on rose flowers in order to determine the attractiveness of pollen of this genus to insects. We showed the flower lifespan to vary (3.5–8 days in the roses studied and revealed high variation in the number of stamens (82–260 and pistils (17–65 as well as in the mass of pollen produced. The flowers of R. rugosa produced the highest amount of pollen (26.7 mg per flower, while the flowers of R. canina the least (3.3 mg per flower, which is associated with differences in the number of stamens developed in the flowers between these species. The largest pollen grains were found in R. ×damascena and R. gallica. We demonstrated that R. ×damascena produces the thickest petals and that scent-emitting papillae found on the adaxial surface of the petals differ in size and shape in the rose species investigated.

  18. The main work of astronomer Christoph Scheiner SJ "Rosa Ursina sive Sol" - a summary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daxecker, F.

    1996-10-01

    Christoph Scheiner was born on 25 July 1573 or 1575 in Markt Wald near Mindelheim in the Bavarian part of Swabia. He died on 18 July 1650. In Rome he wrote his main work Rosa Ursina sive Sol and had it printed with the help of a patron, Duke Paulus Jordanus II of Bracciano. The ducal family bore a rose, likened to the Sun in Scheiner's book, on its coat of arms. Rosa Ursina is divided into four volumes. In volume I Scheiner tackles the issue of who was first to discover the sunspots; he also proves that Galilei made errors of observation. Volume II shows illustrations of telescopes, projection methods and the helioscope and compares the optics of a telescope with that of the human eye. In volume III, observations on sunspots are illustrated by 70 copper engravings by David Widemann. Volume IV consists of two parts. The first part again deals with the phenomena of the Sun, such as sunspots and prominences, its period of revolution of 27 days, and the tilt of its axis; the second part is a collection of passages and quotations from the Scriptures, from Church Fathers and philosophers, all designed to prove that Scheiner's interpretation of the geocentric system conformed to Catholic doctrine.

  19. O Programa Bairrinho nas favelas de Praia da Rosa e Sapucaia (RJ

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    Maria de Fátima Cabral Marques Gomes

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available O trabalho apresenta resultados qualitativos do follow-up referente à urbanização das favelas Praia da Rosa e Sapucaia, realizada pela Prefeitura Municipal da Cidade do Rio de Janeiro, entre 1996 e 1998. A primeira etapa deste estudo teve por objetivo identificar a visão dos diferentes atores sociais envolvidos nessa intervenção sob os efeitos da política destinada às favelas, no que se refere às condições de inclusão/exclusão social dos moradores desses locais. Na etapa seguinte desta pesquisa, serão coletadas informações de natureza quantitativa, de modo a ampliar e aprofundar a análise dos processos identificados no desdobramento da urbanização dessas favelas.This follow-up study presents the previous qualitative results of the urbanization of the slums of Praia da Rosa and Sapucaia, implemented by the Municipality of Rio de Janeiro, through the Bairrinho Program, in 1996-1998. It is a theoretical and empiric study which will be completed by the update of the Census made before this intervention in both slums. We aim to verify the contribution of this policy in order to modify the condition of social inclusion/exclusion of inhabitants in these areas. Different processes related to the phenomenon of urban inclusion/exclusion have been considered on this research.

  20. Quantitative Structure-retention Relationship Study of Volatile Components from Rosa Banksiae Ait

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHENG Li-Ping; BAO Xiao-Jing; WANG Gen-Li

    2012-01-01

    In the present study,(QSRR) study had been carried out for volatile components from Rosa banksiae Ait.based on various quantum-chemical and physicochemical descriptors derived by B3LYP method.To build QSRR models,a multiple linear regression (MLR) stepwise method was used.The generated models have good predictive ability and are of high statistical significance with good correlation coefficients (R2≥0.734) and p values far less than 0.05.Preliminary results indicated that the application of the models,especially the prediction of GC retention time and linear retention index of volatile components from Rosa banksiae Ait.,will be helpful.The models contribute also to the identification of important quantum-chemical and physicochemical descriptors responsible for the retention time and linear retention index.It was found that the shape attribute (ShpA) and logP value play a vital role in determining component’s GC retention time and linear retention index which increase with the lipophilicity of volatile components.The larger the shape attribute of analyte is,the larger the deformability is,the stronger the interaction between analyte and stationary phase is,and the longer the GC retention time is,the larger the linear retention index is.The importance of E HOMO,q+,and SEV is also embodied in models,but they are not dominant.

  1. Selection of mango rosa genotypes in a breeding population using the multivariate-biplot method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Clideana Cabral Maia

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT: Mango ( Mangifera indica L. trees stand out among the main fruit trees cultivated in Brazil. The mango rosa fruit is a very popular local variety (landrace, especially because of their superior technological characteristics such as high contents of Vitamin C and soluble solids (SS, as well as attractive taste and color. The objective of this study was to select a breeding population of mango rosa (polyclonal variety; ≥5 individuals that can simultaneously meet the fresh and processed fruit markets, using the multivariate method of principal components and the biplot graphic. The principal components, biplot graphic, and phenotype correlations were obtained using the R (2012 software. Pulp percentage and the pulp, skin, and seed mass variables can be indirectly selected using the smallest fruit diameter, which allowed an easier measurement. The P23R AREA3, P30R AREA3, and P32R AREA3 genotypes are selection candidates due to the presence of alleles, which are important agro-technological traits for mango breeding. This study showed that the biplot analysis is a valuable tool for decision making and visualization of interrelationships between variables and genotypes, facilitating the mango selection process.

  2. Maria Rosa Sousa Pinheiro e a reconfiguração da enfermagem brasileira

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Taka Oguisso

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Se trata de un estudio exploratorio-descriptivo, basado en el método histórico, con el objetivo de identificar la participación femenina en las transformaciones sociales del proceso de americanización en Brasil después de 1930. Por ese motivo se estudia la trayectoria de Maria Rosa Sousa Pinheiro. Los datos se obtuvieron mediante el análisis de material documental encontrado en los archivos del Centro Histórico Cultural de la Enfermería Iberoamericana. Esos datos permitieron reconocer la personalidad en estudio, quien actuó de manera decisiva en la reconfiguración del arte y ciencia del cuidado en Brasil. Los resultados permiten afirmar que la enfermería ha ayudado a propagar los ideales del American way of life como modelo de formación y práctica profesional que surgió en países como Estados Unidos y Canadá. La investigación sugiere que la labor de Maria Rosa Sousa Pinheiro encarna la propagación de una nueva representación de lo femenino en la vida social y el trabajo.

  3. ANTI IMPLANTATION AND PREGNANCY INTERRUPTION ACTIVITY OF JAPAKUSUMA (HIBISCUS ROSA SINENSIS IN ALBINO RATS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kashinath Hadimur

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Increase in population has affected many socio-economic conditions of people by increasing crimes, illiteracy, destructive activities, diseases, improper food and shelter. Thus to control this population and limit the family size at a personal level and at a national level, modern contraceptive methods and medicines were introduced long back. There are many new contraceptives available now, but they have various side effects. Some traditional practitioners used to dispense oral contraceptives mentioned in Ayurvedic classics. Such as 1 Pippali (Piper longum, Vidanga (Emblica ribes and Tankana (Sodii Biboras. 2 Talisapatra (Taxus baccata and Gairika (Hematite with cold water and 3 Kanji bhavita Japakusuma (Hibiscus rosa sinensis. An experimental study on above mentioned 1 and 2 formulations has proved its efficacy as temporary contraceptive medicine. To evaluate the permanent or long term temporary contraceptive effect of Japakusuma, an attempt was made in this study. Study was conducted by Choudary and Khanna method on 18 female, 36 male (for mating albino rats. Japakusuma, Propylene glycol, Ovral L formed the materials. Single dose was administered on proestrous stage of rat oestrous cycle and observed for anti-implantation and pregnancy interruption activity. Test drug showed significant anti implantation and pregnancy interruption activity. Thus showing the temporary contraceptive activity of Japakusuma (Hibiscus rosa sinensis.

  4. Pecando en el deleite de la meditación: sobre la narrativa de Rosa Chacel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferrús Antón, Beatriz

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Rosa Chacel’s narrative participates in a same search: the way to the ONE; but also the bond’s between knowledge and misfortune search, like expression of a mystical individual. The objective of this article is to try to present this bet, that is the philosophy’s bet, but also the praxis of writing’s bet, through the analysis of two novels Memorias de Leticia Valle and La sinrazón. We’re going to put special attention to the relation between body, woman and memory like reading key.El conjunto de la narrativa de Rosa Chacel participa de una misma búsqueda: la del camino que lleva a lo UNO; pero también la del vínculo entre conocimiento y desdicha, como expresión de una particular mística. El objetivo de este artículo es tratar de presentar esta apuesta, que es la de una filosofía, pero también la de una praxis de escritura, a través del análisis de dos novelas Memorias de Leticia Valle y La sinrazón. Asimismo, se prestará especial atención a la relación entre cuerpo, mujer y memoria como clave de lectura.

  5. On the way to a self-reliance of 90 %. The new construction of the Monte Rosa Lodge in the Swiss Canton Wallis; Auf dem Weg zu 90% Autarkie. Der Neubau der Monte Rosa-Huette im Wallis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sinn, Ruediger

    2010-07-01

    The new Monte Rosa Lodge in the Swiss Canton Wallis was established not only as a passive house, but also achieves a degree of self-reliance of 90 % due to a thought-out energy management. This is how the future of the alpine construction might look.

  6. Backscatter B [USGS]--Offshore of Santa Barbara, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of SIM 3281 presents data for part of the acoustic-backscatter map (see sheet 3, SIM 3281) of the Offshore of Santa Barbara map area, California. The...

  7. Bathymetry and Acoustic Backscatter: Northern Santa Barbara Channel, Southern California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This report presents bathymetry and acoustic backscatter data collected in July 2008 in the northern Santa Barbara Channel, California, using a bathymetric sidescan...

  8. Geology and geomorphology--Offshore Santa Cruz, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of DS 781 presents data for the geologic and geomorphic map of the Offshore Santa Cruz map area, California. The vector data file is included in...

  9. Backscatter B [USGS]--Offshore of Santa Barbara, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of SIM 3281 presents data for part of the acoustic-backscatter map (see sheet 3, SIM 3281) of the Offshore of Santa Barbara map area, California. The...

  10. Backscatter A [CSUMB]--Offshore of Santa Barbara, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of SIM 3281 presents data for part of the acoustic-backscatter map (see sheet 3, SIM 3281) of the Offshore of Santa Barbara map area, California. The...

  11. Seafloor character--Offshore of Santa Barbara, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of SIM 3281 presents data for the seafloor-character map (see sheet 5, SIM 3281) of the Offshore of Santa Barbara map area, California. The raster data...

  12. Geology and geomorphology--Offshore of Santa Barbara, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of SIM 3281 presents data for the geologic and geomorphic map (see sheet 10, SIM 3281) of the Offshore of Santa Barbara map area, California. The vector...

  13. Backscatter A [CSUMB]--Offshore of Santa Barbara, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of SIM 3281 presents data for part of the acoustic-backscatter map (see sheet 3, SIM 3281) of the Offshore of Santa Barbara map area, California. The...

  14. Santa Barbara, California Tsunami Forecast Grids for MOST Model

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Santa Barbara, California Forecast Model Grids provides bathymetric data strictly for tsunami inundation modeling with the Method of Splitting Tsunami (MOST)...

  15. Santa Monica, California Tsunami Forecast Grids for MOST Model

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Santa Monica, California Forecast Model Grids provides bathymetric data strictly for tsunami inundation modeling with the Method of Splitting Tsunami (MOST)...

  16. Bathymetry and Acoustic Backscatter: Northern Santa Barbara Channel, Southern California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This report presents bathymetry and acoustic backscatter data collected in July 2008 in the northern Santa Barbara Channel, California, using a bathymetric sidescan...

  17. Geology and geomorphology--Offshore Santa Cruz, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of DS 781 presents data for the geologic and geomorphic map of the Offshore Santa Cruz map area, California. The vector data file is included in...

  18. The Trail Inventory of Santa Ana NWR [Cycle 2

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The purpose of this report is to create a baseline inventory of all non-motorized trails on Santa Ana National Wildlife Refuge. Trails in this inventory are eligible...

  19. Estuarine ecology : A report on Santa Clara County Wetlands

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This report on the Santa Clara County wetlands was written just prior to the establishment of the San Francisco Bay National Wildlife Refuge. The report summarizes...

  20. Geology and geomorphology--Offshore of Santa Barbara, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of SIM 3281 presents data for the geologic and geomorphic map (see sheet 10, SIM 3281) of the Offshore of Santa Barbara map area, California. The vector...