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Sample records for santa rosa group

  1. Landscapes of Santa Rosa Island, Channel Islands National Park, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schumann, R. Randall; Minor, Scott A.; Muhs, Daniel R.; Pigati, Jeffery S.

    2014-01-01

    Santa Rosa Island (SRI) is the second-largest of the California Channel Islands. It is one of 4 east–west aligned islands forming the northern Channel Islands chain, and one of the 5 islands in Channel Islands National Park. The landforms, and collections of landforms called landscapes, of Santa Rosa Island have been created by tectonic uplift and faulting, rising and falling sea level, landslides, erosion and deposition, floods, and droughts. Landscape features, and areas delineating groups of related features on Santa Rosa Island, are mapped, classified, and described in this paper. Notable landscapes on the island include beaches, coastal plains formed on marine terraces, sand dunes, and sand sheets. In this study, the inland physiography has been classified into 4 areas based on relief and degree of fluvial dissection. Most of the larger streams on the island occupy broad valleys that have been filled with alluvium and later incised to form steep- to vertical-walled arroyos, or barrancas, leaving a relict floodplain above the present channel. A better understanding of the processes and mechanisms that created these landscapes enhances visitors’ enjoyment of their surroundings and contributes to improving land and resource management strategies in order to optimize and balance the multiple goals of conservation, preservation, restoration, and visitor experience.

  2. Salmonella y Shigella a partir de muestras fecales en la poblacion Santa Rosa, Maracaibo-Venezuela

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Sandrea-Toledo, Lisette; Avila-Roo, Yeiny; Paz-Montes, America; Corpas-Guerrero, Carmen; Petit-Capriles, Kalina; Ocando-Vilchez, Newlsa

    2007-01-01

    ... con escasas condiciones socio-sanitarias como la poblacion indigena de Santa Rosa. El proposito de esta investigacion fue detectar la presencia de Salmonella y Shigella a partir de muestras fecales en la poblacion de Santa Rosa...

  3. The defense of provincial identity in a literary association: the Pampean Association of Writers of Santa Rosa, La Pampa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela Bassa

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyzes the notion of provincial identity in the Pampean Association of Writers of Santa Rosa, province of La Pampa. Although the group was shaped around literature, discourses and actions overflow this purpose and present a particular ideological stance regarding Pampean identity. Analysis focuses on interviews to members and documents produced both by local writers and the Association.

  4. CRED REA Fish Team Stationary Point Count Surveys at Santa Rosa Reef, 2003

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Stationary Point Counts at 4 stations at each survey site were surveyed as part of Rapid Ecological Assessments conducted at 2 sites at Santa Rosa Reef in the...

  5. CRED REA Fish Team Belt Transect Survey at Santa Rosa Reef, 2003

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Belt transects along 3 consecutively-placed, 25m transect lines were surveyed as part of Rapid Ecological Assessments conducted at 2 sites at Santa Rosa Reef in the...

  6. CRED REA Algal Assessment, Santa Rosa Bank 2003 (NODC Accession 0010352)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Twelve quadrats were sampled along 2 consecutively-placed, 25m transect lines as part of Rapid Ecological Assessments conducted at 2 sites at Santa Rosa Bank (off...

  7. CRED REA Fish Team Belt Transect Survey at Santa Rosa Bank, Marianas Archipelago, 2005

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Belt transects along 3 consecutively-placed, 25m transect lines were surveyed as part of Rapid Ecological Assessments conducted at 2 sites at Santa Rosa Bank in the...

  8. CRED REA Algal Assessments at Santa Rosa Reef, Marianas Archipelago in 2005

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — As part of Rapid Ecological Assessments (REA), Twelve quadrats were sampled along 2 consecutively-placed, 25m transect lines, conducted at 2 sites at Santa Rosa Reef...

  9. CRED REA Fish Team Stationary Point Count Surveys at Santa Rosa Bank, Marianas Archipelago, 2005

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Stationary Point Counts at 4 stations at each survey site were surveyed as part of Rapid Ecological Assessments (REA) conducted at 2 sites around Santa Rosa Bank in...

  10. EFFECT OF SANTA ROSA LAKE ON GROUND WATER FLOW TO THE PECOS RIVER, NEW MEXICO.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Risser, Dennis W.

    1985-01-01

    In 1980, Santa Rosa Dam began impounding water on the Pecos River about 7 miles (11 kilometers) north of Santa Rosa, New Mexico, to provide flood control and storage for irrigation. Santa Rosa Lake has caused changes in the ground water flow system, which may cause changes in the streamflow of the Pecos River that cannot be detected at the present streamflow-gaging stations, which are used to administer water rights along the Pecos River. The effect of the lake on streamflow was investigated using a three-dimensional ground water flow model. These simulations indicated that the net change in ground water flow to the river would be almost zero if the lake were maintained at its flood control pool for 90 days.

  11. Flora vascular y vegetación del humedal de Santa Rosa (Chancay, Lima)

    OpenAIRE

    Dámaso W. Ramirez; Hector Aponte; Asuncion Cano

    2011-01-01

    El presente trabajo muestra los resultados de un estudio de la flora y vegetación del humedal de Santa Rosa (Chancay, Lima) realizado entre los años 2007 y 2009. La flora vascular estuvo conformada por 66 especies agrupadas en 57 géneros y 26 familias. Las Poaceae (16), Cyperaceae (6) y Asteraceae (6) fueron las familias más diversas y constituyeron el 42% de la flora total. En comparación con los principales humedales de Lima, Santa Rosa presenta un mayor número de especies (Pantan...

  12. Reacciones adversas al tratamiento antirretroviral de gran actividad inicial en el hospital Santa Rosa – Piura.

    OpenAIRE

    Jiovany Jahn Carlos Saldaña-Gastulo; Carlos Purizaca-Rosillo; Javier Carreño-Ramirez; Christian Malqui-Huaman; Arnaldo La Chira-Albán; Alfonso Gutierrez Aguado

    2011-01-01

    Objetivo: Determinar la incidencia y factores asociados a reacciones adversas medicamentosas (RAM) al TARGA inicial durante el periodo enero 2006 – diciembre 2007 en el Hospital de Apoyo Santa Rosa-Piura. Diseño: Se realizó un estudio analítico de cohorte retrospectiva. Lugar: Hospital de Apoyo Santa Rosa-Piura. Participantes: 107 historias clínicas de pacientes VIH positivos mayores de 18 años que recibieron TARGA y fueron atendidos durante este periodo en el consultorio de infectología. Int...

  13. Subsurface petroleum geology of Santa Rosa sandstone (Triassic), northeast New Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Broadhead, R. F.

    The Santa Rose Sandstone (Triassic) occurs at depths of less than 2,000 ft over most of northeast New Mexico. Two major petroleum accumulations are known to exist in it. These outcrops of oil impregnated sandstone are known as the Santa Rosa tar sands. The oil in the tar sands is viscous and heavy. The other known petroleum accumulation is a pool of heavy oil that occurs at depths of 400 ft to 800 ft in northeast Guadalupe County. Attempts are being made to recover the heavy oil with steamflooding in two small pilot fields. The lower and upper sandstone units are blanket deposits composed mostly of fine to medium grained porous sandstones and minor red siliciclastic mudstones. The middle mudstone unit is a blanket deposit composed chiefly of red siliciclastic mudstones and minor lenticular sandstones. Stratigraphic and petrographic studies indicate that good reservoirs are widespread in the lower and upper sandstone unit. The blanket geometry of the lower and upper sandstone units indicates that structure probably plays an important or even dominant role in the trapping of any undiscovered hydrocarbons in the Santa Rosa. Oil proximal to the outcrop belt of the Santa Rosa Sandstone has probably been flushed by recently recharged fresh ground water. Although the source of the oil in Santa Rosa Sandstone is not definitely known, geochemical studies point to the San Andres Formation (Permian) or possibly Pennsylanian rocks.

  14. Seafloor Backscatter Image of North of Santa Rosa Island, Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary (8m resolution tif)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This image represents an 8 meter resolution backscatter of the seafloor south of Santa Rosa Island in Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary. It was acquired...

  15. Environmental Assessment Addressing the Emerald Breeze Resort, Santa Rosa Island, Fort Walton Beach, Florida

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-09-11

    nesting on Santa Rosa Island is rare, due primarily to heavy predation from feral cats . While most colonies have been documented on the easternmost...disturbed. Vehicular and foot traffic, storms, and predation by feral cats are considered the primary causes of nest failure. Eglin AFB controls...tracking tube protocol. Current threats to this population include predation by feral cats and loss of dune habitat from recreational foot traffic and

  16. Flora vascular y vegetación del humedal de Santa Rosa (Chancay, Lima

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dámaso W. Ramirez

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo muestra los resultados de un estudio de la flora y vegetación del humedal de Santa Rosa (Chancay, Lima realizado entre los años 2007 y 2009. La flora vascular estuvo conformada por 66 especies agrupadas en 57 géneros y 26 familias. Las Poaceae (16, Cyperaceae (6 y Asteraceae (6 fueron las familias más diversas y constituyeron el 42% de la flora total. En comparación con los principales humedales de Lima, Santa Rosa presenta un mayor número de especies (Pantanos de Villa (65, Paraíso (26 y Medio Mundo (16. El análisis de similitud florística muestra que Santa Rosa es más semejante a Los Pantanos de Villa (Lima. El Análisis de Correspondencia (AC determinó tres comunidades vegetales predominantes: a Comunidad de acuáticas flotantes, b Totoral y asociadas y c Vega Mixta. Se considera que los cambios en la estructura de las comunidades vegetales y el número de especies introducidas son indicadores del impacto antrópico al que está sometido este ecosistema. Se identifican las fuentes de impacto humano y se considera a la agricultura como la principal amenaza del humedal.

  17. Ecofeminismo, mujeres y desarrollo sustentable: el caso de la Sierra de Santa Rosa en Guanajuato

    OpenAIRE

    Abril Saldaña Tejeda

    2015-01-01

    en este artículo se explora la participación de las mujeres en el Programa de Desarrollo Sustentable Sierra de Santa Rosa, en Guanajuato, de 2001 a 2011. Se expone la aportación del ecofeminismo para la noción de desarrollo sustentable, y para entender el vínculo entre la naturaleza y las mujeres. Se argumenta que la historia de la región, en específico el auge de la industria minera durante la Colonia, es un buen punto de partida para entender los problemas ambientales de la sierra y para vi...

  18. Hydrologic data for Okaloosa, Walton, and southeastern Santa Rosa counties, Florida

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wagner, Jeffrey R.; Hayes, L.R.; Lewis, C.E.; Barr, D.E.

    1980-01-01

    This report presents hydrologic and water-quality data collected within Okaloosa, Walton, and southeastern Santa Rosa Counties in northwest Florida. The data are presented in graphs and tables. Groundwater data include descriptions of wells and test holes, analyses of water quality, water level measurements, hydrographs of water levels and chloride concentrations in wells open to the upper part of the Floridan aquifer, and municipal and federal facilities pumpage. Surface-water data include streamflow measurements, streamflow hydrographs and analyses of water quality at selected stations. Maps of the area show locations of wells and surface-water stations. (USGS)

  19. Reacciones Adversas al Tratamiento Antirretroviral de Gran Actividad Inicial en el Hospital Santa Rosa - Piura.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiovany Jhan Carlos Saldaña-Gastulo

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo, Determinar la incidencia y factores asociados a reacciones adversas medicamentosas (RAM al TARGA inicial durante el periodo enero 2006 - diciembre 2007 en el Hospital de Apoyo Santa Rosa-Piura. Diseño, Se realizó un estudio analítico de cohorte retrospectiva. Lugar, Hospital de Apoyo Santa Rosa-Piura. Participantes, 107 historias clínicas de pacientes VIH positivos mayores de 18 años que recibieron TARGA y fueron atendidos durante este periodo en el consultorio de infectología. Intervenciones, Se analizaron retrospectivamente las historias clínicas que fueron pertinentes para la recolección de datos. Principales medidas de resultado, Analisis Univariado, Bivariado (t de Student, y Riesgo Relativo, multivariado (Regresión logística con 95% de confianza (p<0.05. Resultados, En 107 pacientes se encontró una incidencia acumulada de 66,35% de RAM al TARGA inicial. Las RAM experimentadas con mayor frecuencia fueron anemia (35,2%, rash (16,9% y vómitos (9,9%. Se encontró diferencias significativas entre la media de edad y la presencia de RAM con la prueba de t de student (p < 0.05 Conclusiones, Existe una alta incidenica de RAM en pacientes incluidos en TARGA, siendo la más frecuente la anemia en 25 pacientes (35,2%. La media de edad es mayor en pacientes con RAM.

  20. Santa Rosa Geysers Recharge Project: GEO-98-001. Final Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brauner, Edwin Jr.; Carlson, Daniel C.

    2002-10-01

    The Geysers steamfields in northern Sonoma County have produced reliable ''green'' power for many years. An impediment to long-term continued production has been the ability to provide a reliable source of injection water to replace water extracted and lost in the form of steam. The steamfield operators have historcially used cooling towers to recycle a small portion of the steam and have collected water during the winter months using stream extraction. These two sources, however, could not by themselves sustain the steamfield in the long term. The Lake County Reclaimed Water Project (SEGEP) was inititated in 1997 and provides another source of steamfield replenishment water. The Santa Rosa Geysers Recharge Project provides another significant step in replenishing the steamfield. In addition, the Santa Rosa Geysers Recharge Project has been built with capacity to potentially meet virtually all injection water requirements, when combined with these other sources. Figure 2.1 graphically depicts the combination of injection sources.

  1. 77 FR 37318 - Eighth Coast Guard District Annual Safety Zones; Sound of Independence; Santa Rosa Sound; Fort...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-21

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Eighth Coast Guard District Annual Safety Zones; Sound of Independence; Santa Rosa Sound; Fort Walton Beach, FL AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Notice of enforcement of regulation. SUMMARY: The Coast Guard will enforce a Safety Zone for the Sound of Independence...

  2. Multiplicação in vitro da ameixeira 'Santa Rosa': efeito da citocinina BAP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rogalski Marcelo

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available A ameixeira 'Santa Rosa' apresenta alta produtividade, ótimo sabor e aparência dos frutos para a comercialização. No entanto, por ser altamente suscetível à escaldadura das folhas (Xylella fastidiosa Wells, esta variedade apresenta problemas de cultivo no sul do Brasil. As técnicas de cultura in vitro permitem propagar e rapidamente espécies de interesse, além de permitir a limpeza de patógenos e a produção de matrizes com qualidade genética e sanitária comprovada. Porém, o uso prático da propagação in vitro requer a otimização das condições de cultura para cada espécie e/ou variedade. Dentre os fatores que mais influenciam a micropropagação, estão as citocininas, com destaque para o BAP. O objetivo principal deste trabalho foi avaliar o potencial de multiplicação in vitro da ameixeira 'Santa Rosa' sob diferentes concentrações de BAP. Após três subculturas em meio MA1, segmentos nodais com 0,5-1,0 cm foram submetidos a diferentes concentrações de BAP (0,5; 1,0; 2,0 e 3,0 mg.L-1. Os resultados mostraram que não ocorreram diferenças significativas no número de brotos para as diferentes concentrações de BAP testadas. No entanto, o maior número de brotos por explante (3,6 obteve-se na concentração de 2,0 mg.L-1 e a maior altura média dos brotos foi obtido na concentração de 0,5 mg.L-1 de BAP. Concentrações maiores que a 0,5 mg.L-1 de BAP inibiram o crescimento dos brotos. A micropropagação da ameixeira 'Santa Rosa' a partir de ápices caulinares e gemas laterais em meio de cultura MA1 mostrou-se eficaz.

  3. Penryn来袭——英特尔Santa Rosa Refresh笔记本电脑

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    壹分

    2008-01-01

    英特尔当前的迅驰平台被称作“Santa Rosa”,俗称“迅驰四”,由Merom核心的Core2Duo处理器、965系列主板芯片组和无线网络模块共同组成。按照英特尔的计划,将于2008年5月推出新一代的迅驰平台“Montevina”(第五代迅驰平台),来取代目前主流的Santa Rosa。不过由于处理器技术的发展速度比整体平台要快,因此原定用于Montevina的Penryn处理器于2008年1月底率先面市。这也给迅驰平台带来了又一次“Refresh”——Santa Rosa Refresh(俗称“迅驰4.5”)。

  4. The Dogs of CA-SRI-2: Osteometry of Canis familiaris from Santa Rosa Island, California

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Courtney Hofman

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Domesticated dogs (Canis familiaris are an important human companion around the world and have long been a focus of archaeological research. Osteometric analysis of six dogs from a Late Holocene Chumash village on Santa Rosa Island, California indicates that adults, juvenile/young adults, and a puppy were present. Similar to dogs on other Channel Islands, these dogs fall into the large Indian dog category, standing some 43-54 cm tall, with mesaticephalic or mild brachycephalic facial characteristics. No cutmarks were found on the bones, but one of the mandibles was burned. The CA-SRI-2 dogs appear to have eaten high trophic marine foods similar to what humans consumed, documenting the close bond between dogs and humans on the Channel Islands and broader North American Pacific Coast.

  5. Reacciones adversas al tratamiento antirretroviral de gran actividad inicial en el hospital Santa Rosa – Piura.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiovany Jahn Carlos Saldaña-Gastulo

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Determinar la incidencia y factores asociados a reacciones adversas medicamentosas (RAM al TARGA inicial durante el periodo enero 2006 – diciembre 2007 en el Hospital de Apoyo Santa Rosa-Piura. Diseño: Se realizó un estudio analítico de cohorte retrospectiva. Lugar: Hospital de Apoyo Santa Rosa-Piura. Participantes: 107 historias clínicas de pacientes VIH positivos mayores de 18 años que recibieron TARGA y fueron atendidos durante este periodo en el consultorio de infectología. Intervenciones: Se analizaron retrospectivamente las historias clínicas que fueron pertinentes para la recolección de datos. Principales medidas de resultado: Analisis Univariado, Bivariado (t de Student, y Riesgo Relativo, multivariado (Regresión logística con 95% de confianza (p<0.05. Resultados: En 107 pacientes se encontró una incidencia acumulada de 66,35% de RAM al TARGA inicial. Las RAM experimentadas con mayor frecuencia fueron anemia (35,2%, rash (16,9% y vómitos (9,9%. Se encontró diferencias significativas entre la media de edad y la presencia de RAM con la prueba de t de student (p < 0.05 Conclusiones: Existe una alta incidenica de RAM en pacientes incluidos en TARGA, siendo la más frecuente la anemia en 25 pacientes (35,2%. La media de edad es mayor en pacientes con RAM. Palabras Claves: VIH/SIDA, Terapia de alta actividad antirretroviral, Reacciones adversas a medicamentos.

  6. Fifty-Year Flood-Inundation Maps for Santa Rosa de Aguan, Honduras

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mastin, Mark C.; Olsen, T.D.

    2002-01-01

    After the devastating floods caused by Hurricane Mitch in 1998, maps of the areas and depths of the 50-year-flood inundation at 15 municipalities in Honduras were prepared as a tool for agencies involved in reconstruction and planning. This report, which is one in a series of 15, presents maps of areas in the coastal municipality of Santa Rosa de Aguan that are prone to oceanic storm-surge flooding and wave action. The 50-year flood on the Rio Aguan (4,270 cubic meters per second), would inundate most of the area surveyed for this municipality and beyond. Therefore a detailed numerical hydraulic model was not developed for this municipality as it was for the others. The 50-year storm surge would likely produce higher water levels than the 50-year flood on the river during normal astronomical tides. The elevation of the 50-year storm surge was estimated to be 4.35 meters above normal sea level, based on hurricane probabilities and published storm-surge elevations associated with various hurricane categories. Flood-inundation maps, including areas of wave-action hazard and a color-shaded elevation map, were created from the available data and the estimated 50-year storm tide. Geographic Information System (GIS) coverages of the hazard areas are available on a computer in the municipality of Santa Rosa de Aguan as part of the Municipal GIS project and on the Internet at the Flood Hazard Mapping Data Web page (http://mitchnts1.cr.usgs.gov/projects/floodhazard.html). These coverages allow users to view the maps in much more detail than is possible using the maps in this report.

  7. Estructura de los encinares de la sierra de Santa Rosa, Guanajuato, México Oak forest structure in the Sierra de Santa Rosa range, Guanajuato, Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Martínez-Cruz

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Se describe la estructura de 4 asociaciones de encinares en el oriente de la sierra de Santa Rosa, Guanajuato, con el método de cuadrantes al punto central (21 transectos, donde se contabilizaron 2 320 individuos arbóreos y arbustivos, que incluyen 36 especies, 22 géneros y 15 familias. La asociación Quercus potosina-Q. castanea (QPC registró la mayor riqueza (29 especies y el menor número de individuos por ha-1 (650. Por el contrario, la asociación de Q. laurina-Q. rugosa (QLR presentó sólo 12 especies, pero la mayor densidad de arbustos por ha-1 (5 593. El índice α de Fisher y el análisis de rarefacción ratificaron que la asociación de QPC es la más diversa. La asociación Q. potosina-Q. eduardii (QPE fue la de mayor equidad. Los índices de Simpson (cualitativo y de Sørensen (cuantitativo coincidieron en que las asociaciones Q. coccolobifolia-QLR y QLR-QPE presentan la mayor diversidad beta. Debido al marcado deterioro que se observa en estos bosques, la heterogeneidad de las asociaciones de encinares respecto a su composición, atributos de estructura y diversidad, deben considerarse en acciones futuras encaminadas a lograr un manejo más sustentable de los recursos naturales que albergan estos bosques, así como acciones particulares de conservación y restauración.The structure of 4 oak associations in the western part of the Sierra de Santa Rosa range in Guanajuato state is described. Oak associations were sampled using the point centered quarter method (21 sites. We censused 2 320 individuals of trees and shrubs belonging to 36 species, in 22 genera and 15 families. Observed species richness (29 was highest in the Quercus potosina-Q. castanea association (QPC but tree density was the lowest (650 individuals/ha. Meanwhile, the Q. laurina-Q. rugosa association (QLR had the least number of observed species (12, but the maximum shrub density (5 593 individual/ ha. The Fisher index for alpha diversity and the rarefaction

  8. Padrões motores de escolares de oito a nove anos de idade da cidade de Santa Rosa, RS

    OpenAIRE

    Loi, Luiz Serafim de Mello

    1999-01-01

    Dissertação (mestrado) - Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Centro de Desportos. O desenvolvimento motor é um assunto que necessita maiores estudos, haja vista a importância cada vez maior do desenvolvimento pleno da criança, desde os primeiros anos de vida. Este estudo utilizando como Marco Referencial Teórico (MRT) o modelo de desenvolvimento motor de Gallahue & Ozmun (1998) teve por objetivo verificar o perfil motor de escolares de oito e nove anos de idade, da cidade de Santa Rosa...

  9. Final Environmental Assessment: For Immediate Storm Surge Protection for Santa Rosa Island Facilities, Eglin Air Force Base, FL

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-06-01

    allowable atmospheric concentration that may occur and still protect public health and welfare with a reasonable margin of safety. The NAAQS...federal agencies to make every effort to reduce the risk of flood loss, minimize the impact of floods on human health, safety, and welfare , and preserve...Protection for Santa Rosa Island Facilities, Eglin Air Force Base, FL Davis et al., 2000 Davis, R. W., W. E. Evans, B. Würsig (eds), 2000. Cetaceans

  10. Estimating floodplain sedimentation in the Laguna de Santa Rosa, Sonoma County, CA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Curtis, Jennifer A.; Flint, Lorraine E.; Hupp, Cliff R.

    2013-01-01

    We present a conceptual and analytical framework for predicting the spatial distribution of floodplain sedimentation for the Laguna de Santa Rosa, Sonoma County, CA. We assess the role of the floodplain as a sink for fine-grained sediment and investigate concerns regarding the potential loss of flood storage capacity due to historic sedimentation. We characterized the spatial distribution of sedimentation during a post-flood survey and developed a spatially distributed sediment deposition potential map that highlights zones of floodplain sedimentation. The sediment deposition potential map, built using raster files that describe the spatial distribution of relevant hydrologic and landscape variables, was calibrated using 2 years of measured overbank sedimentation data and verified using longer-term rates determined using dendrochronology. The calibrated floodplain deposition potential relation was used to estimate an average annual floodplain sedimentation rate (3.6 mm/year) for the ~11 km2 floodplain. This study documents the development of a conceptual model of overbank sedimentation, describes a methodology to estimate the potential for various parts of a floodplain complex to accumulate sediment over time, and provides estimates of short and long-term overbank sedimentation rates that can be used for ecosystem management and prioritization of restoration activities.

  11. Ecofeminismo, mujeres y desarrollo sustentable: el caso de la Sierra de Santa Rosa en Guanajuato

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abril Saldaña Tejeda

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available en este artículo se explora la participación de las mujeres en el Programa de Desarrollo Sustentable Sierra de Santa Rosa, en Guanajuato, de 2001 a 2011. Se expone la aportación del ecofeminismo para la noción de desarrollo sustentable, y para entender el vínculo entre la naturaleza y las mujeres. Se argumenta que la historia de la región, en específico el auge de la industria minera durante la Colonia, es un buen punto de partida para entender los problemas ambientales de la sierra y para visualizar el vínculo entre las estructuras que funcionan en detrimento del medio ambiente y de las mujeres. Así como también que dicho programa tuvo un efecto positivo en la participación social de las mujeres. Sin embargo, existen todavía retos importantes que se manifiestan en estructuras ideológicas, que impiden la participación de las mujeres como líderes y no sólo como trabajadoras, en las condiciones de pobreza que obstaculizan un verdadero compromiso con la sustentabilidad.

  12. New Radiometric Age Constraints for the Matuyama-Bruhnes Reversal and Santa Rosa Excursion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balbas, A.; Koppers, A. A. P.; Kent, D. V.; Coe, R. S.; Konrad, K.; Clark, P. U.

    2015-12-01

    The coupling of the timing of the virtual geomagnetic pole (VGP) position and the absolute paleointensities for geomagnetic events is vital for understanding the Earth's geodynamo. Here we present new high-precision 40Ar/39Ar age determinations using an ARGUS-VI multi-collector mass spectrometer for lava flows on Floreana Island, Galapagos, and Tahiti Nui, Society Islands. New Galapagos ages (n=6) place the GA-79 lava flow on Floreana Island, which records an excursional VGP from an equatorial region (Cox and Dalrymple, 1966), within the Santa Rosa excursion. This flow contains extremely low paleointesity values of 1.1 x 1022 Am2 (n=11; Wang and Kent, 2013). We also present 52 new ages on 18 lava flows from the Punaruu valley, Tahiti, which record the Matuyama-Bruhnes reversal. The new ages confirm that the lavas record this reversal, but the ages differ from the original stratigraphy presented in Mochizuki et al. (2011). Our new ages using the Kuiper et al. (2008) fish canyon sanidine ages for Punaruu valley lava flows are concordant with previous astronomically tuned ages (Channell et al. 2002, 2009) and represent the highest precision radiometric ages for the most recent reversal. Here we show that paleointensity lows associated with excursional events can be comparable to or less than those associated with reversals. In addition, such field strength reductions can occur in time intervals as short as 3 thousand years.

  13. [Description of a staphylococcal alimentary poisoning outbreak in Las Rosas, Santa Fe Province, Argentina].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brizzio, Aníbal A; Tedeschi, Fabián A; Zalazar, Fabián E

    2011-01-01

    On February 2008, a suspected foodborne outbreak was reported in Las Rosas (Santa Fe Province, Argentina). The formal procedures indicated that an undetermined number of individuals had experienced food poisoning following consumption of vegetable cannelloni bought at a local shop. The manufacturer establishment was audited. Samples from the suspected food, as well as environmental samples and swabs from food handlers were obtained and involved subjects were interviewed. Remnants of ingested food were also obtained. Routine microbiological procedures of the foodborne outbreak revealed the presence of coagulase positive S. aureus subspecies aureus in samples from ingested and raw food, and from manipulators. Indicator microorganisms did not show significant levels and no other foodborne pathogen was isolated. Presence of staphylococcal enterotoxin-producing genes was subsequently investigated, and a positive result for enterotoxin B was shown in S. aureus strains isolated from a food handler as well as from food linked to the outbreak Moreover, these isolates showed 100% similarity by SmaI-PFGE. Timely notification together with coordinated sanitary measures and the availability of appropriate laboratory tools allowed to interrupt the chain of disease transmission by identifying risk and protective factors.

  14. Prevalence of metabolic syndrome in a rural area of Santa Rosa

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    Roger Silveira Haab

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Metabolic Syndrome (MS is a condition of high prevalence and growing. This article aims to describe the determinants and also the prevalence of this important risk factor for cardiovascular disease in a rural area of the Santa Rosa city. We conducted a cross-sectional study in a population covered by the Family Health Strategy, consisting of young adults aged 20-49 years. We applied a pre-coded questionnaire with socio-demographic, behavioral, personal and family history of chronic diseases, and obtained anthropometric measurements and laboratory tests. For the classification of the metabolic syndrome, this study followed the criteria of the National Cholesterol Education Program’s Adult Treatment Panel (NCEP / ATP III and the International Diabetes Federation. We described a single component of MS and found a high prevalence of abdominal obesity and low HDL - cholesterol in women and high prevalence of increased blood pressure in men. The overall prevalence of MS was found to be 8.5% in men and 22% in women by the criteria of the NCEP / ATP III, and 15.9% in men and 25.3% in women by IDF criteria.

  15. Field rates for natural attenuation of arsenic in Tinto Santa Rosa acid mine drainage (SW Spain).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asta, Maria P; Ayora, Carlos; Acero, Patricia; Cama, Jordi

    2010-05-15

    Reactive transport modelling of the main processes related to the arsenic natural attenuation observed in the acid mine drainage (AMD) impacted stream of Tinto Santa Rosa (SW Spain) was performed. Despite the simplicity of the kinetic expressions used to deal with arsenic attenuation processes, the model reproduced successfully the major chemical trends observed along the acid discharge. Results indicated that the rate of ferrous iron oxidation was similar to the one obtained in earlier field studies in which microbial catalysis is reported to occur. With regard to the scaled arsenic oxidation rate, it is one order of magnitude faster than the values obtained under laboratory conditions suggesting the existence of a catalytic agent in the natural system. Schwertmannite precipitation rate, which was represented by a simple kinetic expression relying on Fe(III) and pH, was in the range calculated for other AMD impacted sites. Finally, the obtained distribution coefficients used for representing arsenic sorption onto Fe(III) precipitates were lower than those deduced from reported laboratory data. This discrepancy is attributed to a decrease in the schwertmannite arsenate sorption capacity as sulphate increases in the solution.

  16. Planning for Integral Development. Public Policies, Economic Growth and Social Improvements in Santa Rosa (Ecuador

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    José Prada-Trigo

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Ecuador is immersed, since the adoption of the 2008 Constitution, in a process of economic, social and political changes, following the steps on their path to a more equal, post-extractive and democratic society. The main tool for this purpose, the National Strategy for the «Buen Vivir» (Good living and the Change in the Production Model emphasizes new ways for producing, consumption and self-organization. Although Ecuadorian Constitution comprises these ideas and the Ecuadorian Government has promoted different programs and strategies, there is a limited analysis about the local manifestations of these policies. In this way, this paper proposes a study of the local strategies developed in a medium-size city in the south of Ecuador through the analysis of the local networks and the initiatives of local actors for developing strategies oriented to this end. Interviews and statistical data (demographic, economic and social data mainly are used to confirm the level of accomplishment of these objectives. Thus, the existing local networks and the path of the city of Santa Rosa may explain the different level of recent socioeconomic changes taken place at local level instead of Central government policies.

  17. Mapping process and age of Quaternary deposits on Santa Rosa Island, Channel Islands National Park, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmidt, K. M.; Minor, S. A.; Bedford, D.

    2016-12-01

    Employing a geomorphic process-age classification scheme, we mapped the Quaternary surficial geology of Santa Rosa (SRI) within the Channel Islands National Park. This detailed (1:12,000 scale) map represents upland erosional transport processes and alluvial, fluvial, eolian, beach, marine terrace, mass wasting, and mixed depositional processes. Mapping was motivated through an agreement with the National Park Service and is intended to aid natural resource assessments, including post-grazing disturbance recovery and identification of mass wasting and tectonic hazards. We obtained numerous detailed geologic field observations, fossils for faunal identification as age control, and materials for numeric dating. This GPS-located field information provides ground truth for delineating map units and faults using GIS-based datasets- high-resolution (sub-meter) aerial imagery, LiDAR-based DEMs and derivative raster products. Mapped geologic units denote surface processes and Quaternary faults constrain deformation kinematics and rates, which inform models of landscape change. Significant findings include: 1) Flights of older Pleistocene (>120 ka) and possibly Pliocene marine terraces were identified beneath younger alluvial and eolian deposits at elevations as much as 275 m above modern sea level. Such elevated terraces suggest that SRI was a smaller, more submerged island in the late Neogene and (or) early Pleistocene prior to tectonic uplift. 2) Structural and geomorphic observations made along the potentially seismogenic SRI fault indicate a protracted slip history during the late Neogene and Quaternary involving early normal slip, later strike slip, and recent reverse slip. These changes in slip mode explain a marked contrast in island physiography across the fault. 3) Many of the steeper slopes are dramatically stripped of regolith, with exposed bedrock and deeply incised gullies, presumably due effects related to past grazing practices. 4) Surface water presence is

  18. Two-dimensional modelling of overwash at Santa Rosa Island during Hurricane Ivan

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCall, R. T.; van Thiel de Vries, J. S. M.; Roelvink, J. A.; van Dongeren, A. R.; Thompson, D. M.; Plant, N. G.

    2009-04-01

    Approximately 10% of the world's coastline consists of low-lying barrier coasts, which are susceptible to coastal flooding, dune overwash and breaching. Although several numerical cross shore models exist to calculate beach and dune profile change during storms, overwash and breaching are not necessarily incorporated. Additionally, these models assume longshore uniformity and therefore do not include longshore variation in for instance dune height, shoreline angle and wave conditions. In order to simulate overwash on a barrier island we use a new numerical model for the nearshore and coast called XBeach (Roelvink et al., ICCE 2008). This process-based and time dependent model solves coupled short and long wave propagation, sediment transport and morphology in 2DH. The model has a robust numerical scheme, allowing it to simulate flooding and drying, thereby removing the need for separate dry and wet domains and procedures. XBeach is used to model a section of Santa Rosa Island, Florida, during Hurricane Ivan in 2004. This island was heavily overwashed during the hurricane and breached in one location. The model is set-up using high resolution airborne LIDAR altimetry and bathymetry data and forced using surge and wave data from larger scale numerical models. The modelled final bed elevation is compared to airborne LIDAR data acquired three days after the storm. The results show that XBeach is capable of simulating the complex hydrodynamics that occur during extreme overwash events. It is shown that the model can recreate the morphological developments that occurred on the island during the storm and that the model has considerable quantitative skill in predicting the final bed elevation.

  19. Ground-water recharge in Escambia and Santa Rosa Counties, Florida

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grubbs, J.W.

    1995-01-01

    Ground water is a major component of Florida's water resources, accounting for 90 percent of all public-supply and self-supplied domestic water withdrawals, and 58 percent of self-supplied commercial-industrial and agricultural withdrawals of freshwater (Marella, 1992). Ground-water is also an important source of water for streams, lakes, and wetlands in Florida. Because of their importance, a good understanding of these resources is essential for their sound development, use, and protection. One area in which our understanding is lacking is in characterizing the rate at which ground water in aquifers is recharged, and how recharge rates vary geographically. Ground-water recharge (recharge) is the replenishment of ground water by downward infiltration of water from rainfall, streams, and other sources (American Society of Civil Engineers, 1987, p. 222). The recharge rates in many areas of Florida are unknown, of insufficient accuracy, or mapped at scales that are too coarse to be useful. Improved maps of recharge rates will result in improved capabilities for managing Florida's ground-water resources. In 1989, the U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the Florida Department of Environmental Regulation, began a study to delineate high-rate recharge areas in several regions of Florida (Vecchioli and others, 1990). This study resulted in recharge maps that delineated areas of high (greater than 10 inches per year) and low (0 to 10 inches per year) recharge in three counties--Okaloosa, Pasco, and Volusia Counties--at a scale of 1:100,000. This report describes the results of a similar recharge mapping study for Escambia and Santa Rosa Counties (fig. 1), in which areas of high- and low-rates of recharge to the sand-and-gravel aquifer and Upper Floridan aquifer are delineated. The study was conducted in 1992 and 1993 by the U.S. Geological Survey in cooperation with the Florida Department of Environmental Protection.

  20. Santa Rosa de Lima: uma santa anoréxica na América Latina? Santa Rosa de Lima: ¿una santa anoréxica en Latinoamérica? Saint Rose of Lima: an anorexic saint in Latin America?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cybelle Weinberg

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available A literatura especializada tem nos mostrado que é grande a semelhança entre o comportamento alimentar das santas jejuadoras medievais e o das anoréxicas atuais. No entanto, há poucas referências sobre a existência de santas jejuadoras na América Latina. No presente trabalho, os autores salientam aspectos da vida de Santa Rosa de Lima, Patrona da América e Filipinas, que poderiam ser descritos como comportamentos anoréxicos. Comparando os aspectos psicopatológicos da vida de Santa Rosa com o comportamento das anoréxicas atuais, pareceu confirmar-se um padrão uniforme de comportamento, especialmente quanto ao aspecto imitativo, fator que poderia levar as jovens da atualidade a desenvolverem um transtorno alimentar após terem algum tipo de informação sobre o transtorno.La literatura especializada nos muestra gran similitud entre el comportamiento alimentar de las santas de la edad media que ayunaban y el de las anoréxicas de la actualidad. Hay pocas informaciones sobre santas que practicaban ayuno en Latinoamérica. En este artículo, los autores resaltan aspectos de la vida de santa Rosa de Lima, Patrona de América y Filipinas, que pueden ser considerados como comportamientos anoréxicos. Al comparar aspectos psicopatológicos de la vida de santa Rosa con el comportamiento de anoréxicas de la actualidad, parece que se confirma un modelo uniforme de comportamiento, especialmente respecto al aspecto de imitación, hecho que podría llevar a las jóvenes de hoy a desarrollar un trastorno de la alimentación luego de recibir informaciones sobre el tema.The specialized literature has shown us the great similarity between the eating habits of medieval fasting women saints and today's anorexic women. Nonetheless, there are few references to the existence of such fasting women saints in Latin America. The authors of this paper present some aspects of the life of Saint Rose of Lima, the patroness of the Americas and the Philippines, that

  1. Possible changes in ground-water flow to the Pecos River caused by Santa Rosa Lake, Guadalupe County, New Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Risser, D.W.

    1987-01-01

    In 1980 Santa Rosa Dam began impounding water on the Pecos River about 7 miles north of Santa Rosa, New Mexico, to provide flood control, sediment control, and storage for irrigation. Santa Rosa Lake has caused changes in the groundwater flow system, which may cause changes in the streamflow of the Pecos River that cannot be detected at the present streamflow gaging stations. Data collected at these stations are used to measure the amount of water available for downstream users. A three-dimensional groundwater flow model for a 950 sq mi area between Anton Chico and Puerto de Luna was used to simulate the effects of Santa Rosa Lake on groundwater flow to a gaining reach of the Pecos River for lake levels of 4,675, 4,715, 4,725, 4,750, 4,776, and 4,797 feet above sea level and durations of impoundment of 30, 90, 182, and 365 days for all levels except 4 ,797 feet. These simulations indicated that streamflow in the Pecos River could increase by as much as 2 cu ft/sec between the dam and Puerto de Luna if the lake level were maintained at 4 ,797 feet for 90 days or 4,776 feet for 1 year. About 90% of this increased streamflow would occur < 0.5 mi downstream from the dam, some of which would be measured at the streamflow gaging station located 0.2 mile downstream from the dam. Simulations also indicated that the lake will affect groundwater flow such that inflow to the study area may be decreased by as much as 1.9 cu ft/sec. This water may leave the Pecos River drainage basin or be diverted back to the Pecos River downstream from the gaging station near Puerto de Luna. In either case, this quantity represents a net loss of water upstream from Puerto de Luna. Most simulations indicated that the decrease in groundwater flow into the study area would be of about the same quantity as the simulated increase in streamflow downstream from the dam. Therefore, the net effect of the lake on the flow of the Pecos River in the study area appears to be negligible. Model simulations

  2. [Comparative analysis of growth and sexual maturation in girls of Santa Rosa (La Pampa) and La Plata (Buenos Aires), Argentina].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torres, M F; Luis, M A; Cesani, M F; Luna, M E; Castro, L E; Quintero, F; Oyhenart, E E

    2011-03-01

    The aim of this study was to analyze growth in relation to menarche in girls from two Argentinean urban populations. We performed a comparative-descriptive cross sectional study in 2474 schoolchildren between 8.0 and 16.9 years old from Santa Rosa (SR) and La Plata (LP) cities. We registered the presence of menarche and anthropometrics variables of body weight, total and sitting heights, arm circumference, triceps and subscapular skinfolds. Body mass index, subscapular/triceps index and muscle and fat arm areas were calculated. The study group was divided into 4 groups according to the city and menarche. The socio-environmental structured survey indicated significant differences between cities with these variables: tenure status, building materials and services, health care coverage, cash assistance, educational level and parents' occupation, therefore establishing a higher welfare in youngsters of SR. Menarche at a mean age of 12.7 years old was more prevalent in SR (40.6%) than in LP (33.7%) (c2 = 12.9; p < 0.01). The ANOVA indicated significant differences between cities in total and sitting heights and muscle area (p < 0.01), body weight and arm circumference (p < 0.05) which were generally held in the post hoc comparison by age in pre-menarche and post-menarche groups. The presence of a small body size at the expense of lowering in: total height, muscle area and leg length in LP youngsters, associated with a lower prevalence of menarche in this city, it would represents the adaptive cost of a lower welfare environment.

  3. Usos políticos de las batallas de Santa Rosa de 1856 y 1955: o, cómo fallar al inventar tradiciones

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco Cabrera Geserick

    2015-11-01

    En Costa Rica, la guerra filibustera es aceptada como la narrativa nacional por excelencia, esto incluye la Batalla de Santa Rosa de 1856. En 1956, una segunda batalla en Santa Rosa, la de 1955, fue usada por el partido gobernante para apoyar una nueva narrativa nacional que promoviera un nuevo proyecto de nación. El intento, sin embargo, fracasó. Este artículo analiza los conceptos de memoria colectiva y tradiciones inventadas para explicar las circunstancias de este fracaso.

  4. Eficiência de ésteres de sacarose em ameixas (Prunus salicina, Lindl. 'Santa Rosa' refrigeradas Efficiency of sucrose esters in plums (Prunus salcina, Lindl. 'Santa Rosa' cold stored

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R.A. Kluge

    1995-12-01

    Full Text Available Com o objetivo de avaliar o efeito do TAL-PROLONG (ésteres de sacarose, ameixas 'Santa Rosa' foram armazenadas por 21 dias a 0°C e 90-95% UR (+ 3 dias de comercialização simulada em temperatura ambiente. As doses do TAL-PROLONG utilizadas foram 0; 0,5; 1,0; 1,5 e 2,0%, aplicadas antes do armazenamento por imersão das frutas. As frutas tratadas com TAL-PROLONG apresentaram menores perdas de peso durante o armazenamento e comercialização simulada. Houve menor incidência de podridões e desintegração interna de polpa nas frutas tratadas com TAL-PROLONG, o qual foi também eficiente na manutenção da coloração das frutas.Aiming to verify the efficiency of TAL-PROLONG (sucrose esters, plums 'Santa Rosa' were stored for 21 days at 0°C and 90-95% RH (+ 3 days of simulated marketing at room temperature. The fruits were immersed in a solution containing 0; 0,5; 1,0; 1,5 and 2,0% of TAL-PROLONG, before storage. During cold storage and marketing, fruits treated with TAL-PROLONG presented less weight loss. The decay and internal breakdown incidence was reduced in fruits treated with TAL-PROLONG and it was efficient for maintening the fruit colour.

  5. Detailed mapping and rupture implications of the 1 km releasing bend in the Rodgers Creek Fault at Santa Rosa, northern California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hecker, Suzanne; Langenheim, Victoria; Williams, Robert; Hitchcock, Christopher S.; DeLong, Stephen B.

    2016-01-01

    Airborne light detection and ranging (lidar) topography reveals for the first time the trace of the Rodgers Creek fault (RCF) through the center of Santa Rosa, the largest city in the northern San Francisco Bay area. Vertical deformation of the Santa Rosa Creek floodplain expresses a composite pull‐apart basin beneath the urban cover that is part of a broader 1‐km‐wide right‐releasing bend in the fault. High‐resolution geophysical data illuminate subsurface conditions that may be responsible for the complex pattern of surface faulting, as well as for the distribution of seismicity and possibly for creep behavior. We identify a dense, magnetic basement body bounded by the RCF beneath Santa Rosa that we interpret as a strong asperity, likely part of a larger locked patch of the fault to the south. A local increase in frictional resistance associated with the basement body appears to explain (1) distributed fault‐normal extension above where the RCF intersects the body; (2) earthquake activity around the northern end of the body, notably the 1969 ML 5.6 and 5.7 events and aftershocks; and (3) creep rates on the RCF that are higher to the north of Santa Rosa than to the south. There is a significant probability of a major earthquake on the RCF in the coming decades, and earthquakes associated with the proposed asperity have the potential to release seismic energy into the Cotati basin beneath Santa Rosa, already known from damaging historical earthquakes to produce amplified ground shaking.

  6. Diversidad de coleópteros en un bosque alto andino del municipio de Santa Rosa de Viterbo (Boyacá (Diversity of coleoptera in a high forest Andean in the municipality of Santa Rosa de Viterbo (Boyacá

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Humberto Bohórquez Salazar

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo presenta los resultados de un estudio desarrollado en el municipio de Santa Rosa de Viterbo, ubicado a 2750 msnm, en un relicto de bosque húmedo montano bajo (bh-M. Dicho estudio tuvo como finalidad identificar la diversidad y riqueza de entomofauna referida al orden Coleóptera, en los predios de la Escuela de Policía Rafael Reyes (ESREY. Es importante señalar que este es el primer estudio de este tipo realizado en la zona. Se reportan un total de 270 individuos capturados pertenecientes a 17 familias, 25 subfamilias, 30 tribus y 44 géneros; siendo Coccinellidae la familia más representativa (19,3% y Dryophthoridae la familia menos representativa (0,4%. Vale la pena mencionar que, según lo reportado por Martínez (2005, no se encuentran registros de ningún género de Carabidae en el municipio, por lo que se puede destacar que los resultados publicados en este artículo son los primeros registros para Santa Rosa de Viterbo. Así mismo, la revisión de Medina, Lopera-Toro, Vitolo & Gill, (2001 sobre escarabajos coprófagos de Colombia indica que los géneros encontrados en este estudio no se registran a una altitud mayor a 2600 msnm por lo que se puede reportar un registro altitudinal para Canthon y Dichotomius Finalmente, en el artículo se presentan los resultados de un proceso de educación desarrollado con niños de grado quinto de primaria de una institución educativa del municipio y con los semilleros de investigación de la ESREY, proceso que fue diseñado como estrategia para promover la apropiación social de conocimiento y divulgación de los resultados del trabajo. (Abstract. This article presents the results of a study conducted in the municipality of Santa Rosa de Viterbo, located at 2750 meters above sea level, in a relict humid montane forest under (bh-M. This study aimed to identify the diversity and richness of Coleoptera order entomofauna referred to in the grounds of the School of Police Rafael Reyes

  7. Metodologia feminista e direitos reprodutivos no Centro de Saúde Santa Rosa, Niterói (RJ

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    Elaine França da Silva

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho tem por objetivo examinar práticas feministas e femininas, em especial, aquelas presentes em uma pedagogia voltada para o processo de empoderamento político das mulheres, a Linha da Vida, largamente utilizada nas lutas dos anos de 1980 por direitos reprodutivos e, mais especificamente, pela instituição do Programa de Assistência Integral à Saúde da Mulher. Essa pedagogia, propagada no Brasil, marca a segunda onda feminista, estimulando o protagonismo das mulheres, favorecendo a tomada de consciência e definindo orientações de lutas pelas transformações desejadas. Para tanto, este trabalho apresenta um estudo tomado da experiência do Centro de Saúde Santa Rosa, em Niterói (RJ, a partir de 1984.

  8. 游戏动力 从芯开始——实践Santa Rosa Refresh平台

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    武超; 郑晔

    2008-01-01

    在第四代迅驰平台Sonta Rosa发布八个月之后,名为Sonta Rosa Refresh的平台正式于2008年1月8日发布。正如人们之前预料的那样,它在保持芯片组和无线模块等组件不变的基础上,将基于第五代迅驰平台(Montevina),代号为Penryn的45纳米处理器提前应用到现有平台当中。那么,新规格的Penryn处理器有哪些优化设计? Penryn处理器的加入能给迅驰平台带来多大的性能提升?Santa Rosa Refresh平台体现在游戏上又有怎么样的表现呢?

  9. Analysis of biological parameters of Boophilus microplus Canestrini, 1887 exposed to entomopathogenic nematodes Steinernema carpocapsae Santa Rosa and All strains (Steinernema: Rhabditida

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    Gláucia Marques Freitas-Ribeiro

    2005-11-01

    Full Text Available Engorged and partially engorged females of Boophilus microplus were exposed to 600; 3,000; 6,000 and 30,000 infective juveniles of Steinernema carpocapsae Weiser, 1955 Santa Rosa and All strains per dish, under lab conditions. Eggs weight, pre-laying period, laying period, survival period, reproductive efficiency rate, percentage of larval eclosion and lethal concentrations of 50% and 90% (CL50 and CL90 were calculated for engorged females. In the case of partially engorged females, only egg weight, survival period and CL50 and CL90 were calculated. All biological parameters of engorged or partially engorged females were altered by exposition of S. carpocapsae infective juveniles (IJs, Santa Rosa and All strains (pFêmeas ingurgitadas e parcialmente ingurgitadas de B. microplus foram expostas a 600, 3000, 6000 e 30000 juvenis infectivos de Steinernema carpocapsae Weiser, 1955 linhagens Santa Rosa e ALL por placa, sob condições de laboratório. Foram investigados para fêmeas ingurgitadas: peso da massa de ovos, período pré-postura, período de postura, tempo de sobrevivência, índice de eficiência reprodutiva, percentual de aclosão de larvas e concentrações letais 50% e 90% (CL50 e CL90. Para fêmeas parcialmente ingurgitadas somente foram observados peso da massa de ovos, tempo de sobrevivência, CL50 e CL90. Todos os parâmetros biológicos de fêmeas ingurgitadas foram e parcialmente ingurgitadas foram alterados pela exposição a juvenis infectivos de S. carpocapsae linhagens Santa Rosa e ALL (P<0,05. O aumento das resposta foi diretamente proporcional ao aumento das concentrações de juvenis infectivos por placa (P<0,05. Os resultados sugerem que nematóides entomopatogênicos podem ter papel primissor no controle de carrapatos dos bovinos.

  10. Behavioral adaptations to heat stress and water scarcity in white-faced capuchins (Cebus capucinus) in Santa Rosa National Park, Costa Rica.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campos, Fernando A; Fedigan, Linda M

    2009-01-01

    We examined thermoregulatory behaviors in a wild population of white-faced capuchins (Cebus capucinus) inhabiting a highly seasonal dry forest in Santa Rosa National Park (SRNP), Costa Rica. The dry season in SRNP lasts approximately 5 months and is characterized by high ambient temperatures regularly exceeding 37 degrees C, low relative humidity, and the near absence of precipitation. This study demonstrates that capuchins rest more and travel shorter distances during the hottest and driest hours of the day, and suggests that they extend their tongues to lower body temperature via evaporative cooling. Seasonal weather patterns and group movement data reported here are based on 940 h of observations on three social groups of capuchins (wet season: 370 h, dry season: 570 h). In the dry season, the proportion of time spent resting increased at higher temperatures whereas the proportion of time spent traveling decreased. Distance traveled between location points taken at half-hour intervals decreased significantly as temperature increased, although the correlation was not strong. Capuchins exposed their tongues during hot, dry, windy conditions, and this behavior was much more frequent in the dry season. Temperature was significantly higher and humidity significantly lower for "tongue-out" events than expected for a random event in the dry season. Finally, as surface water became scarce, home-range areas of heavy use became increasingly centered on the remaining permanent water sources. These results suggest that heat stress and water scarcity are significant influences on the behavior of capuchins in hot, dry conditions.

  11. Structuring a Matrix of Tourism Impacts caused by the development of Agritourism in the Municipality of Santa Rosa de Lima/SC

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    Paulo dos Santos Pires

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The development of tourism in rural areas, and the evaluation of impacts in the context of environmental planning and territorial organization, are two of the main themes of this article, the objective of which is to structure a matrix of tourism impacts, adapted from the Leopold’s universal matrix model, and applied to the municipality of Santa Rosa de Lima in t Santa Catarina State, Brazil. The structure of the matrix includes all human activities related to tourism development (vertical axis, as well as the biophysical, socio-cultural and economic environments, which are potentially affected by this development (horizontal axis. The structuring of the matrix of impacts is the result of the multi- and interdisciplinary approach conducted in a  2007 study, entitled “Impactos e Riscos do Turismo nas Encostas da Serra Geral Catarinense - o caso de Santa Rosa de Lima” (Impacts and Risks of Tourism on   Serra Geral of Santa Catarina slopes. As final considerations, it forsees the practical application of the matrix of impacts, attributing values of magnitude and importance for each human activity in each of the affected environments . It also mentions the lack of national and international literature on the application of matrix models for evaluating the impacts of tourism activity, a fact which suggests the need for further research.

  12. CHANGES IN MICROBIAL AND PHYSICOCHEMICAL SOIL PROPERTIES ASSOCIATE WITH CHARCOAL PRODUCTION IN TEMPERATE FOREST (QUERCUS SPP IN SANTA ROSA, GTO. MEXICO.

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    Blanca Estela Gómez Luna

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available The temperate forest of Quercus spp. Santa Rosa is one ofthe most extensive forests in central Mexico. In this forest,charcoal is produced traditionally by rural communities.This study evaluated the impact of the activity of charcoalproduction in three sampling sites of the forest, soil fromthe impact site, land adjacent to the site of charcoalproduction and control soil without charcoal productionactivity on physicochemical and microbiological properties.We determined pH, concentration of macro-and microelementswas performed by calculating microbial colonyforming units (CFU of bacteria, fungi, actinomycetes andpromoting growth of plants rhizobacteria (PGPR. Finally,we determined microbial biomass by fumigation-incubationmethod. On the floor of coal production, an increase in pH,the concentration of cations forming bases (Ca2 + and K+and a high regard microbial fungi, bacteria andactinomycetes, but the microbial biomass and organicmatter content was higher in the control soil, in terms ofRPCP only isolated in the soil adjacent to coal productionsite and the control soil. The physicochemical changesproduced by the warming effect of soil significantlyaffected the microbial community favoring the reduction orelimination of dominant groups sensitive to hightemperatures that are actively involved in the dynamics ofsoil processes

  13. Perfil de utilização de medicamentos em idosos da zona urbana de Santa Rosa, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil Use of medicines by the elderly in Santa Rosa, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vanessa Boeira Flores

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Os medicamentos representam um dos itens mais importantes da atenção à saúde do idoso. Estes particularmente utilizam múltiplos medicamentos apresentando mais reações adversas. O estudo objetivou avaliar o perfil do consumo de medicamentos por idosos. Desenvolveu-se um estudo epidemiológico transversal mediante entrevistas domiciliares, numa amostra aleatória de 294 idosos, residentes em Santa Rosa, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. Os idosos representam 9% da população. Os resultados evidenciaram consumo médio de 2,79 medicamentos por idoso. O coeficiente de prevalência do uso de medicamentos na última semana foi de 82%, dos 827 medicamentos utilizados pelos idosos 794 (96%, foram prescritos. As classes farmacológicas mais utilizadas foram os anti-hipertensivos (21,3% e diuréticos (11,3%. A prevalência do uso de medicamentos foi comparável ao encontrado em outros estudos, confirmando a importância dos medicamentos na atenção à saúde do idoso. A porcentagem de medicamentos utilizados sem prescrição médica foi baixa. Os medicamentos e forma de apresentação mais freqüentemente relatados foram os usualmente prescritos e dispensados gratuitamente na rede básica de saúde do município que está estruturada há mais de 10 anos com quase 100% de cobertura.Medicines are one of the most important health care items for the elderly, who are particularly prone to use multiple drugs with a higher number of adverse reactions. The current study aimed to assess the profile of pharmaceutical consumption by the elderly. A cross-sectional epidemiological study used household interviews in a random sample of 294 elderly living in Santa Rosa, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil. The elderly represent 9% of the local population. The results showed a mean consumption of 2.79 medicines per individual. The prevalence rate for use of medicines in the previous week was 82%, and of the 827 medicines used by the elderly, 794 (96% had been prescribed. The

  14. [Chronology of tropical dry forest regeneration in Santa Rosa, Guanacaste, Costa Rica. II. Vegetation in relation to the soil].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leiva, Jorge A; Rocha, Oscar J; Mata, Rafael; Gutiérrez-Soto, Marco V

    2009-09-01

    Tropical dry forest (TDF) succession was monitored in Santa Rosa, Costa Rica. We analyzed the effect of soil type on forest structure and diversity. Eight seasonally-dry TDF sites located along a successional chrono-sequence (10, 15, 20, 40, 60 and >100 years) were examined in relation to 17 soil pedons and six soil orders. Soils had moderate to high fertility and were classified as Entisols and Vertisols, although Mollisols, Alfisols, Inceptisols and Ultisols were also present. One-hundred and thirty 500 m2 plots were established, 20 plots in secondary and 10 plots in mature TDF sites. Diameter at breast height (dbh) and total tree height were measured for saplings (dbh > or = 1 and trees (dbh > or = 5 cm). With the exception of two sites (40 and 60 years), soil type did not have significant effects on forest structure. However, tree diversity measured with Shannon-Wiener's H' and Fisher's alpha rarefaction curves, showed substantial differences among soil types, which became accentuated in mature forests. This pattern might be explained by non-random distributions of TDF trees, the scale of the study, the plot shape, and the use of systematic sampling designs. Low-fertility sites in general had higher species richness, consistent with idea that more restrictive soils reduce competition among trees and allow co-existence of species with contrasting growth rates. Changes in soil properties along a chrono-sequence of Entisols indicated that trees may experience more severe water stress as succession progresses, which may require adjustments in biomass allocation and phenological behavior of the dominant species. Our results suggest that edaphic specialization is more pronounced in mature TDF forests, and that most TDF trees are generalists in relation to soil type, highly tolerant to site heterogeneity, and show little physiological specializations in response to edaphic heterogeneity.

  15. Effects of salicylic acid and putrescine on storability, quality attributes and antioxidant activity of plum cv. 'Santa Rosa'.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davarynejad, Gholam Hossein; Zarei, Mehdi; Nasrabadi, Mohamad Ebrahim; Ardakani, Elham

    2015-04-01

    Plum fruit has a short shelf life with a rapid deterioration in quality after harvest. The primary goal of this study is to investigate and compare the effect of putrescine and salicylic acid on quality properties and antioxidant activity of plum during storage. The plum fruits (cv. 'Santa Rosa') were harvested at the mature ripe stage, and dipped in different concentrations of putrescine (1, 2, 3 and 4 mmol/L) and salicylic acid (1, 2, 3 and 4 mmol/L), as well as distilled water (control) for 5 min. The fruits were then packed in boxes with polyethylene covers and stored at 4 °C with 95 % relative humidity for 25 days. A factorial trial based on completely randomized block design with 4 replications was carried out. The weight loss, fruit firmness, total soluble solids, titratable acidity, pH, maturity index, ascorbic acid, total phenolics and antioxidant activity at 0, 5, 10, 15, 20 and 25 days after harvest were recorded. During the storage period, the weight loss, total soluble solids, pH and maturity index increased significantly while the fruit firmness, titratable acidity, ascorbic acid, total phenolics and antioxidant activity decreased significantly (P plum fruits were decreased significantly by the use of putrescine and salicylic acid. Also, exogenous treatments of putrescine and salicylic acid are found to be effective in maintaining titratable acidity, ascorbic acid, total phenolics and antioxidant activity in plum fruits during storage at 4 °C. It was concluded that postharvest treatment of plum fruit with putrescine and salicylic acid were effective on delaying the ripening processes and can be used commercially to extend the shelf life of plum fruit with acceptable fruit quality.

  16. Caracterización petrográfica y clasificación textural del meteorito de santa rosa de viterbo (boyacá), colombia

    OpenAIRE

    Gil Rodriguez, Javier; Concha Perdomo, Ana Helena

    2012-01-01

    Se realizó la caracterización petrográfica del fragmento del Meteorito de Santa Rosa de Viterbo(Boyacá) que pertenece al Departamento de Geociencias de la Universidad Nacional de Colombia(Sede Bogotá).Esta pieza meteorítica se clasificó como un Meteorito Metálico Anómalo debido a la presencia delíneas de Neumann en todas las superficies de las secciones estudiadas y a la textura Widmanstättenobservada tan sólo en algunas zonas de su superficie pulida. Se encontraron inclusiones elipsoidalesde...

  17. Prevalence of metabolic syndrome in a rural area of Santa Rosa Prevalencia del síndrome metabólico en una zona rural de Santa Rosa Prevalência de Síndrome Metabólica em uma área rural de Santa Rosa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roger Silveira Haab

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available

    Metabolic Syndrome (MS is a condition of high prevalence and growing. This article aims to describe the determinants and also the prevalence of this important risk factor for cardiovascular disease in a rural area of the Santa Rosa city. We conducted a cross-sectional study in a population covered by the Family Health Strategy, consisting of young adults aged 20-49 years. We applied a pre-coded questionnaire with socio-demographic, behavioral, personal and family history of chronic diseases, and obtained anthropometric measurements and laboratory tests. For the classification of the metabolic syndrome, this study followed the criteria of the National Cholesterol Education Program’s Adult Treatment Panel (NCEP / ATP III and the International Diabetes Federation. We described a single component of MS and found a high prevalence of abdominal obesity and low HDL - cholesterol in women and high prevalence of increased blood pressure in men. The overall prevalence of MS was found to be 8.5% in men and 22% in women by the criteria of the NCEP / ATP III, and 15.9% in men and 25.3% in women by IDF criteria.

    El síndrome metabólico (SM es una condición de alta y creciente prevalencia. Este artículo pretende describir los factores determinantes y también laprevalencia de este importante factor de riesgopara enfermedad cardiovascular en una zona rural del municipio de Santa Rosa. Se realizó unestudio transversal en una población que abarca la Estrategia de Salud Familiar, que consiste enlos adultos jóvenes de 20-49 años. Se aplicó un cuestionario pre-codificado con la historiasocio-demográficos, de comportamiento,personal y familiar de las enfermedades crónicas,y obtuvieron medidas antropométricas y de laboratorio pertinentes. Para la clasificación del síndrome metabólico, este estudio dio seguimiento a los criterios del Panel del National Cholesterol Education

  18. Evaporation and transpiration differences among successional stages of Tropical Dry Forest, Santa Rosa National Park, Costa Rica

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiménez-Rodríguez, César D.; Calvo-Alvarado, Julio

    2016-04-01

    Seasonal environments in the tropics show strong responses to changes in precipitation regimes. The monthly water availability is the main trigger for ecological responses as flowering, fructification, leaf sprouting and senescence. Among these environments, the tropical dry forests (TDF) depends directly on the soil water availability, defining the forest growing season despite the forest characteristics. However, within the same ecosystem is possible to find differences in the water fluxes due to forest age. The TDF located in Santa Rosa National Park (SRNP) in Costa Rica; shows a particular matrix of secondary forest patches varying in age, structure, and species composition allowing us to evaluate the water fluxes differences among successional stages of TDF. Three permanent plots of 1000.0 m2 were selected from the Tropi-Dry project. Each plot characterized a specific successional stage of this ecosystem varying in forest structure and age. Every location was equipped to measure the hourly soil water content and forest growth, while the meteorological conditions were collected by the meteorological station of the national park. The data was collected from December 2005 to June 2009 however, due to data gaps and quality control the data analysis includes only the hydrological years between 2006 and 2009. The soil water content was measured at three depths in each plot (10, 30 and 40 cm) to determine the real evapotranspiration from the forest. The precipitation along these three years shows strong variations registering 326.5 mm-1yr-1 in the first year up to 3004.0 mm-1yr-1 during the last year, these strong changes are influenced by the ENOS phenomena in the region. Regardless the precipitation amounts the evapotranspiration do not differ strongly on a yearly basis, were 726.7 mm-1yr-1, 675.1 mm-1yr-1 and 751.6 mm-1yr-1 were exported to the atmosphere by the early, intermediate and late stages of TDF secondary forest. The yearly strong differences in

  19. Constituição e funcionamento do Conselho Municipal de Educação frente ao processo de democratização da gestão: um estudo dos municípios de Santa Maria e Santa Rosa/RS Constituición y funcionamiento del Consejo Municipal de Educación frente al proceso de democratización de la gestión: un estudio de los municipios de Santa Maria y Santa Rosa/RS Constitution and operation of the Municipal Council of Education before regarding the process of democratizing management: a study about the municipalities of Santa Maria and Santa Rosa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sueli Menezes Pereira

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available O artigo parte de um estudo qualitativo, calcado em uma pesquisa bibliográfica e documental com objetivo de discutir aspectos referentes à constituição e funcionamento do Conselho Municipal de Educação (CME, como órgão colegiado que se reveste de importante significado para a democratização da gestão educacional. A ênfase da análise recai sobre os CMEs dos municípios gaúchos de Santa Maria e Santa Rosa que, dadas as suas diferenças e peculiaridades, projetam tais órgãos ainda atrelados a uma estrutura formal intermediária. O desafio dos CMEs é funcionar de forma autônoma frente as suas inúmeras atribuições de modo a dar respostas que sinalizem à criação de novos caminhos à educação pública municipal. Atuar de forma diferenciada em um cenário onde a maioria dos conselhos se alinham a uma lógica formal e burocratizada e onde ainda são vistos como órgão de assessoramento do poder governamental é, sem dúvida, uma meta a ser perseguida na busca da democratização deste espaço público.El artículo parte de un estudio cualitativo, basado en una investigación bibliográfica y documental con el objeto de discutir aspectos referentes a la constitución y al funcionamiento del Consejo Municipal de Educación (CME, como órgano colegiado que tiene importante significado para la democratización de la gestión educacional. El énfasis del análisis se concentra en los CMEs (Consejos Municipales de Educación de los municipios de Santa María y Santa Rosa del Estado de Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil, que, en razón de sus diferencias y peculiaridades proyectan los referidos órganos todavía arraigados a una estructura formal intermediaria. El desafio de los CMEs es poder funcionar de forma autónoma frente a sus innumerables atribuciones para dar respuestas que orienten la creación de nuevos caminos hacia la educación pública municipal. Actuar de manera distinta en un escenario en que la mayoría de los consejos se

  20. Una santa, dos maestros y una estafa. Sombras en torno a la canonización de Rosa de Lima en 1671

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    Callado Estela, Emilio

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyzes the dispute which arose within the Predicants order as a consequence of the great wastes which were caused by St. Rose of Lima’s canonization in 1671. They included a fraud. In this lawsuit were involved not only the main Dominican authorities and other distinguished sons of St. Dominic, but also the Monarchy and the Holy See.Análisis del pleito en la orden de Predicadores por los grandes dispendios ocasionados, con estafa incluida, por la canonización de Rosa de Lima, en 1671. En este litigio participaron las principales autoridades dominicanas y otros ilustres dominicos, hijos de Santo Domingo y también la Monarquía y la Santa Sede.

  1. Hydrogeology, water quality, water budgets, and simulated responses to hydrologic changes in Santa Rosa and San Simeon Creek ground-water basins, San Luis Obispo County, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yates, Eugene B.; Van Konyenburg, Kathryn M.

    1998-01-01

    Santa Rosa and San Simeon Creeks are underlain by thin, narrow ground-water basins that supply nearly all water used for local agricultural and municipal purposes. The creeks discharge to the Pacific Ocean near the northwestern corner of San Luis Obispo County, California. The basins contain heterogeneous, unconsolidated alluvial deposits and are underlain by relatively impermeable bedrock. Both creeks usually stop flowing during the summer dry season, and most of the pumpage during that time is derived from ground-water storage. Annual pumpage increased substantially during 1956?88 and is now a large fraction of basin storage capacity. Consequently, dry-season water levels are lower and the water supply is more vulnerable to drought. The creeks are the largest source of ground-water recharge, and complete basin recharge can occur within the first few weeks of winter streamflow. Agricultural and municipal pumpages are the largest outflows and cause dry-season water-level declines throughout the San Simeon Basin. Pumping effects are more localized in the Santa Rosa Basin because of subsurface flow obstructions. Even without pumpage, a large quantity of water naturally drains out of storage at the upper ends of the basins during the dry season. Ground water is more saline in areas close to the coast than in inland areas. Although seawater intrusion has occurred in the past, it probably was not the cause of high salinity in 1988?89. Ground water is very hard, and concentrations of dissolved solids, chloride, iron, and manganese exceed drinking-water standards in some locations. Probability distributions of streamflow were estimated indirectly from a 120-year rainfall record because the periods of record for local stream-gaging stations were wetter than average. Dry-season durations with recurrence intervals between 5 and 43 years are likely to dry up some wells but not cause seawater intrusion. A winter with no streamflow is likely to occur about every 32 years and to

  2. Evaluation of the potential for erosion and its relationship with the rain energy in the river of Santa Rosa watershed, Costa Rica; Evaluacion del potential erosivo y su relacion con la energia de la lluvia en la microcuenca del rio Santa Rosa, Costa Rica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Acuna Chinchilla, Sisgo R.; Aguilar Pereira, Jose F. [Universidad de Costa Rica (Costa Rica). Escuela de Ingenieria Agricola], E-mail: rachith2001@yahoo.esa

    2010-07-01

    Costa Rica like rest of the world, erosion has negative effects on agricultural production systems and hydroelectric power. In a country where 95% of energy is produced by hydroelectric plants, the management of watersheds is essential where there are hydro projects. This study evaluates the potential erosion of the watershed of the Rio Santa Rosa, (10445 ha) in Guanacaste, Costa Rica, which supplies sediment to the Santa Rosa and Sandillal dams. The evaluation places were defined using aerial photography GIS and GPS tools. The sediment was measured through 19 experimental plots in two land uses (pasture and forest) and three slope ranges (0-15%, 15-30%, 30-45%). The energy was determined on erosive rains comparing the mass of sediment collected. The most vulnerable areas were identified, to define appropriate mitigation measures. It was found that the forest generates more erosion than grass. Furthermore, under similar conditions of coverage, an increase in the range of slopes, erosion increases between two and six times, a direct relationship exists between energy and erosion in the way that coverage is reduced. It was generated a vulnerability map for the watershed. (author)

  3. Greenhouse Gas Assessment and Compensation on Brazilian Low Volume Rural Roads Using CarbonROAD—The Santa Rosa de Lima Case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reus Salini

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The “Santa Catarina Rural” is a Program co-funded by The World Bank for improvements on 1300 km of low volume rural roads on Southern Brazil. The pioneer project under the program was on the municipality of Santa Rosa de Lima, where the greenhouse gas (GHG emissions resulting from the road improvement activities as well as the regular traffic were assessed on an experimental basis using the CarbonROAD software application. Here, we show details of the CarbonROAD software application and the construction emissions assessment procedure as well as the mitigating effect of the plants used for compensation. It was found that most of the emissions come from the road improvement work. This includes earthworks, fuel for motor graders, bulldozers and other machines, and materials and gravel extraction, industrialization and transportation, etc. Only a smaller portion comprises regular road traffic. The accumulated emission balance shows that the carbon absorption is larger than construction emissions after just 15 months. The potential for price appraisal of the generated carbon credits is explored.

  4. Santa Rosa at the Gates!3款迅驰4代新机测试报告

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    sharkbait

    2007-01-01

    相信通过本刊前面两期杂志的连续报道,大家已经对Santa Rosa平台的规格和性能有了比较清楚的认识。现在,我们从理论回到实际,对具体的Santa Rosa机型进行详细介绍,以帮助大家对Santa Rosa机型有更直观的了解。实际上,就在英特尔发布新迅驰平台Santa Rose的同时,各笔记本电脑厂商便纷纷推出了基于新平台的笔记本电脑产品。

  5. Estudio geológico, estratigráfico y sedimentológico de la Cueva de Mamíferos del Pleistoceno de Santa Rosa (Perú: interpretación paleo-ambiental

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available ÉTUDE GÉOLOGIQUE, STRATIGRAPHIQUE ET SÉDIMENTOLOGIQUE DE LA GROTTE À MAMMIFÈRES PLÉISTOCÈNES DE SANTA ROSA (PÉROU : INTERPRÉTATION PALÉO-ENVIRONNEMENTALE. Les restes d’un spécimen de Megatheriinae (Mammalia: Xenarthra pléistocène (Lujanien viennent d’être mis à jour dans la grotte de Santa Rosa, située dans les Andes Nord-péruviennes. Cette découverte d’un squelette sub-complet de Gravigrade, fait exceptionnel dans les Andes, correspond à une nouvelle espèce du genre Megatherium. L’étude sédimentologique, pétrographique, stratigraphique et palynologique de la grotte montre que la cavité : - appartient à un système karstique (habituel dans cette région des Andes péruviennes creusée dans le calcaire de la formation Celendín (Coniacien - Santonien inférieur - a été soumise à des événements successifs : 1 le creusement de l’abri et le dépôt des sables calcaréo-argileux jaunes suite à la forte érosion du massif calcaire 2 le ravinement et l’érosion amenant des effondrements du toit de l’abri 3 le dépôt des sables calcaréo-argileux marrons où se trouvent les restes de mammifères (Megatheriidae, Camelidae, Cervidae et Muridae et de nombreux restes de flore et la présence locale de pollens. L’analyse pollinique semble indiquer l’existence d’une flore dominée par les fougères d’origine locale et parfois de spores coloniales indifférenciées d’origine vraisemblablement algaire. Ces observations suggèrent que les conditions climatiques étaient plus froides et humides que de nos jours. Restos de un espécimen de Megatheriinae (mammalia: Xenarthra del Pleistoceno superior [Lujanense] han sido descubiertos en la cueva de Santa Rosa, en el norte de los Andes del Perú. Este hallazgo de un esqueleto parcialmente completo de Gravigrado, hecho excepcional en los Andes, corresponde a una nueva especie del género Megatherium. El estudio sedimentológico, petrográfico, estratigráfico y palinol

  6. Land product validation of MODIS derived FPAR product over the tropical dry-forest of Santa Rosa National Park, Guanacaste, Costa Rica.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharp, Iain; Sanchez, Arturo

    2017-04-01

    Land-product validation of the MODIS derived FPAR product over the tropical dry-forest of Santa Rosa National Park, Guanacaste, Costa Rica. By Iain Sharp & Dr. Arturo Sanchez-Azofeifa In remote sensing, being able to ensure the accuracy of the satellite data being produced remains an issue; this is especially true for phenological variables such as the Fraction of Photosynthetically Active Radiation (FPAR). FPAR, which is considered an essential climate variable by the Global Terrestrial Observation System (GTOS), utilizes the 400-700 nm wavelength range to quantify the total amount of solar radiation available for photosynthetic use. It is a variable that is strongly influenced by the seasonal, diurnal, and optic properties of vegetation making it an accurate representation of vegetation health. Measurements of ground level FPAR can be completed using flux towers along with a limited number of wireless ground sensors, but due to the finite number and location of these towers, many research initiatives instead use the Moderate resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) FPAR product, which converts Leaf Area Index (LAI) to a FPAR value using Beer's Law. This is done despite there being little consensus on whether this is the best method to use for all ecosystems and vegetation types. One particular ecosystem that has had limited study to determine the accuracy of the MODIS derived FPAR products are the Tropical Dry Forests (TDFs) of Latin America. This ecosystem undergoes drastic seasonal changes from leaf off during the dry season to green-up during the wet seasons. This study aims to test the congruency between the MODIS derived FPAR values and ground-based FPAR values in relation to growing season length, growing season start and end dates, the peak and mean of FPAR values, and overall growth/phenological trends at the Santa Rosa National Park Environmental Monitoring Super Site (SR-EMSS) in Costa Rica and FPAR MODIS products. We derive our FPAR from a Wireless

  7. ROSA DE SANTA MARÍA(1586-1617: GÉNESIS DE SU SANTIDAD Y PRIMERA HAGIOGRAFÍA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    RENÉ MILLAR CARVACHO

    2003-08-01

    Full Text Available How did a young girl, almost unknows to the great majority of the inhabitants of Lima, who lived as a semi recluse, become a saint just after her death, venerated by hundreds who came to play homage and approach her body to obtain relics and the cure of disease? To answer these questions, this paper analyzes the role played by Luisa de Melgarejo, the circumstances surrounding the death of the girl, and the infleunce of the Dominican Order in generating a climate of opinion which made possible the start of the beatification process. An important element in this last, is the life of Rosa written by a member of that order a few days after her death, and which can which can be considered her first hagiography.

  8. Species diversity and morphometrics of tardigrades from a medium-size city in the Neotropical Region: Santa Rosa (La Pampa, Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peluffo, J. R.

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Tardigrade diversity was studied in a medium-sized city in the Neotropical Region: Santa Rosa (La Pampa, Argentina. Samples were collected between February 1999 and January 2000 from lichens and mosses growing on sidewalk trees of the urban and periurban area. Five species of tardigrades were found, i.e., Echiniscus rufoviridis du Bois-Reymond Marcus, 1944, Macrobiotus areolatus Murray, 1907, Ramazzottius oberhaeuseri (Doyère, 1840, Milnesium cf. tardigradum and a non-described species of Macrobiotus. Only one species, M. cf. tardigradum, was found in areas with high levels of vehicle traffic. Results are compared with those from cities in the Nearctic and Palearctic regions. Measurements and pt index values (percentage ratios between the length of the structure considered and the buccal tube length are provided for M. areolatus, R. oberhaeuseri and M. cf. tardigradum. Amongst the characters considered, the pt index for the stylet support insertion shows the least intraspecific variation. This character is also independent from body length and buccal-tube length.

  9. Cronología de la regeneración del bosque tropical seco en Santa Rosa, Guanacaste, Costa Rica. I. Características edáficas

    OpenAIRE

    A. Leiva, Jorge; Mata, Rafael; J. Rocha, Oscar; V. Gutiérrez Soto, Marco

    2008-01-01

    Se caracterizaron las propiedades químicas y físicas de los suelos a lo largo de una cronosecuencia de ocho fragmentos de bosque tropical estacionalmente seco (BTS) en Santa Rosa, Costa Rica, y se relacionaron con el estado sucesional de los sitios (10, 15, 20, 40, 60 y > 100 años de regeneración). Se encontró una alta diversidad edáfica a escalas pequeñas (0.5-1 ha) y se describieron 17 clases dominantes de suelos, clasificados en seis órdenes. La mayoría de los suelos fueron clasificados c...

  10. Análisis mesoclimático de las cartas topográficas Santa Rosa y Villa María (1:250.000) de la provincia de Córdoba (Argentina)

    OpenAIRE

    Scarpati, Olga E.; Spescha, Liliana Beatriz

    1995-01-01

    p.73-76 Los principales elementos climáticos se determinaron en las cartas topográficas Santa Rosa y Villa María (1:250.000) en lo que hace al territorio de la provincia de Córdoba y se calcularon los balances hidrológicos climáticos correspondientes. Se obtuvo la cartografía respectiva a los parámetros elegidos mediante un software específico, con la que se puede inferir el uso racional de los recursos naturales en el área de estudio. Los resultados obtenidos permitieron caracterizar clim...

  11. Cronología de la regeneración del bosque tropical seco en Santa Rosa, Guanacaste, Costa Rica: I. Características edáficas

    OpenAIRE

    Jorge A Leiva; Rafael Mata; Oscar J Rocha; Marco V. Gutiérrez Soto

    2009-01-01

    Se caracterizaron las propiedades químicas y físicas de los suelos a lo largo de una cronosecuencia de ocho fragmentos de bosque tropical estacionalmente seco (BTS) en Santa Rosa, Costa Rica, y se relacionaron con el estado sucesional de los sitios (10, 15, 20, 40, 60 y >100 años de regeneración). Se encontró una alta diversidad edáfica a escalas pequeñas (0.5-1 ha) y se describieron 17 clases dominantes de suelos, clasificados en seis órdenes. La mayoría de los suelos fueron clasificados com...

  12. Fluvial system response to late Pleistocene-Holocene sea-level change on Santa Rosa Island, Channel Islands National Park, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schumann, R. Randall; Pigati, Jeffery S.; McGeehin, John P.

    2016-01-01

    Santa Rosa Island (SRI) is one of four east-west aligned islands forming the northern Channel Islands chain, and one of the five islands in Channel Islands National Park, California, USA. The island setting provides an unparalleled environment in which to record the response of fluvial systems to major changes of sea level. Many of the larger streams on the island occupy broad valleys that have been filled with alluvium and later incised to form steep- to vertical-walled arroyos, leaving a relict floodplain as much as 12–14 m above the present channel. The period of falling sea level between the end of the last interglacial highstand at ~ 80 ka and the last glacial lowstand at ~ 21 ka was marked by erosion and incision in the uplands and by deposition of alluvial sediment on the exposed marine shelf. Sea level rose relatively rapidly following the last glacial lowstand of − 106 m, triggering a shift from an erosional to a depositional sedimentary regime. Accumulation of sediment occurred first through vertical and lateral accretion in broad, shallow channels on the shelf. Channel avulsion and delta sedimentation produced widespread deposition, creating lobes or wedges of sediment distributed across relatively large areas of the shelf during the latest Pleistocene. Backfilling of valleys onshore (landward of present sea level) appears to have progressed in a more orderly and predictable fashion throughout the Holocene primarily because the streams were confined to their valleys. Vertical aggradation locally reduced stream gradients, causing frequent overbank flooding and lateral channel shift by meandering and/or avulsion. Local channel gradient and morphology, short-term climate variations, and intrinsic controls also affected the timing and magnitudes of these cut, fill, and flood events, and are reflected in the thickness and spacing of the episodic alluvial sequences. Floodplain aggradation within the valleys continued until at least 500 years ago

  13. Fluvial system response to late Pleistocene-Holocene sea-level change on Santa Rosa Island, Channel Islands National Park, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schumann, R. Randall; Pigati, Jeffrey S.; McGeehin, John P.

    2016-09-01

    Santa Rosa Island (SRI) is one of four east-west aligned islands forming the northern Channel Islands chain, and one of the five islands in Channel Islands National Park, California, USA. The island setting provides an unparalleled environment in which to record the response of fluvial systems to major changes of sea level. Many of the larger streams on the island occupy broad valleys that have been filled with alluvium and later incised to form steep- to vertical-walled arroyos, leaving a relict floodplain as much as 12-14 m above the present channel. The period of falling sea level between the end of the last interglacial highstand at ~ 80 ka and the last glacial lowstand at ~ 21 ka was marked by erosion and incision in the uplands and by deposition of alluvial sediment on the exposed marine shelf. Sea level rose relatively rapidly following the last glacial lowstand of - 106 m, triggering a shift from an erosional to a depositional sedimentary regime. Accumulation of sediment occurred first through vertical and lateral accretion in broad, shallow channels on the shelf. Channel avulsion and delta sedimentation produced widespread deposition, creating lobes or wedges of sediment distributed across relatively large areas of the shelf during the latest Pleistocene. Backfilling of valleys onshore (landward of present sea level) appears to have progressed in a more orderly and predictable fashion throughout the Holocene primarily because the streams were confined to their valleys. Vertical aggradation locally reduced stream gradients, causing frequent overbank flooding and lateral channel shift by meandering and/or avulsion. Local channel gradient and morphology, short-term climate variations, and intrinsic controls also affected the timing and magnitudes of these cut, fill, and flood events, and are reflected in the thickness and spacing of the episodic alluvial sequences. Floodplain aggradation within the valleys continued until at least 500 years ago, followed by

  14. Intermediate composition magma production in an intracontinental setting: Unusual andesites and dacites of the mid-Miocene Santa Rosa-Calico volcanic field, Northern Nevada

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brueseke, Matthew E.; Hart, William K.

    2009-11-01

    The mid-Miocene Santa Rosa-Calico volcanic field (SC) of northern Nevada provides an outstanding example of the role open-system magmatic processes play in producing calc-alkaline and tholeiitic andesite-dacite magmas in an intracontinental setting. SC volcanism commenced at ˜ 16.7 Ma and is associated with the initial manifestations of the Yellowstone hotspot, the Columbia River-Steens flood basalt event(s), and the formation of the Northern Nevada rift. Locally a diverse package of magmatic products ranging from tholeiitic basalt to high-Si rhyolite was produced during an ˜ 2 myr duration. Within this package are the products of at least four distinct intermediate composition magmatic systems that may represent as much as 40% of the SC volcanic pile. These help differentiate the SC from contemporaneous Oregon Plateau volcanic fields (e.g. McDermitt, Lake Owyhee, Northwest Nevada) that are dominated by bimodal basalt-rhyolite assemblages. All SC intermediate units are characterized by textural and mineralogic complexities including xenoliths and xenocrysts of local crust and crystal clots of plagioclase ± clinopyroxene ± orthopyroxene ± oxide. SC intermediate units are dominantly tholeiitic, but include lava flows with transitional to calc-alkaline affinities. Relative to locally erupted Steens Basalt, SC intermediate lava flows have similar elemental enrichments and depletions, but dissimilar Sr and Nd isotopic compositions. These isotopic differences, coupled with the abundant disequilibrium features and variable incompatible element ratios, indicate that open system magmatic processes played a major role in the genesis of the intermediate units. SC silicic magmas were produced primarily via upper crustal melting of chemically and isotopically heterogeneous Cretaceous granitoid. Interaction between fractionating mafic Steens flood basalt magmas and the more evolved crustal melts ± assimilation of local upper crust provides a general template for the

  15. Cronología de la regeneración del bosque tropical seco en Santa Rosa, Guanacaste, Costa Rica: I. Características edáficas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge A Leiva

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Se caracterizaron las propiedades químicas y físicas de los suelos a lo largo de una cronosecuencia de ocho fragmentos de bosque tropical estacionalmente seco (BTS en Santa Rosa, Costa Rica, y se relacionaron con el estado sucesional de los sitios (10, 15, 20, 40, 60 y >100 años de regeneración. Se encontró una alta diversidad edáfica a escalas pequeñas (0.5-1 ha y se describieron 17 clases dominantes de suelos, clasificados en seis órdenes. La mayoría de los suelos fueron clasificados como Entisoles y Vertisoles, pero los Mollisoles, Alfisoles, Inceptisoles y Ultisoles estuvieron representados también. Todos los suelos presentaron buenos índices de fertilidad que no restringieron la riqueza de las especies. La alta heterogeneidad edáfica pareció ser el resultado de la interacción entre el origen piroclástico de la meseta ignimbrítica de Santa Rosa, la composición litológica y la acidez de las rocas del material parental, la marcada estacionalidad de la lluvia, intensos procesos de erosión hídrica y eólica, variaciones topográficas locales, y la historia de intervención humana. Correlaciones efectuadas en los Entisoles (Chronology of tropical dry forest regeneration in Santa Rosa, Guanacaste, Costa Rica. I. Edaphic characteristics. We characterized soil chemical and physical properties in eight tropical dry forest (TDF successional sites along a time sequence (10, 15, 20, 40, 60 and >100 years in Santa Rosa, Costa Rica. Seventeen soils were identified, described, and classified in six orders. Most soils were classified as Entisols and Vertisols, but Mollisols, Alfisols, Inceptisols and Ultisols were also present. All soils showed good fertility that did not constrain species richness. High edaphic variation seemed the result of complex interactions among the pyroclastic origin of Santa Rosa ignimbritic plateau (SRIP, the lithological composition and acidity of ignimbritic rocks, the strong seasonality in rainfall, intense

  16. Thickness of Santa Fe Group sediments in the Espanola Basin south of Santa Fe, New Mexico, as estimated from aeromagnetic data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phillips, Jeffrey D.; Grauch, V.J.S.

    2004-01-01

    In the southern Espa?ola basin south of Santa Fe, New Mexico, weakly magnetic Santa Fe Group sediments of Oligocene to Pleistocene age, which represent the primary aquifers for the region, are locally underlain by moderately to strongly magnetic igneous and volcaniclastic rocks of Oligocene age. Where this relationship exists, the thickness of Santa Fe Group sediments, and thus the maximum thickness of the aquifers, can be estimated from quantitative analysis of high-resolution aeromagnetic data. These thickness estimates provide guidance for characterizing the ground-water resources in between scattered water wells in this area of rapid urban development and declining water supplies. This report presents one such analysis based on the two-step extended Euler method for estimating depth to magnetic sources. The results show the general form of a north-trending synclinal basin located between the Cerrillos Hills and Eldorado with northward thickening of Santa Fe Group sediments. The increase in thickness is gradual from the erosional edge on the south to a U-shaped Santa Fe embayment hinge line, north of which sediments thicken much more dramatically. Along the north-south basin axis, Santa Fe Group sediments thicken from 300 feet (91 meters) at the hinge line near latitude 35o32'30'N to 2,000 feet (610 meters) at the Cerrillos Road interchange at Interstate 25, north of latitude 35o36'N. The depth analysis indicates that, superimposed on this general synclinal form, there are many local areas where the Santa Fe Group sediments may be thickened by a few hundred feet, presumably due to erosional relief on the underlying Oligocene volcanic and volcaniclastic rocks. Some larger areas of greater apparent thickening occur where the presence of magnetic rocks directly underlying the Santa Fe Group is uncertain. Where magnetic rocks are absent beneath the Santa Fe Group, the thickness cannot be estimated from the aeromagnetic data.

  17. Efeitos de herbicidas e populações de plantas na nodulação e produção da soja (Glycine max (L. Merril 'Santa Rosa' Effects of herbicides and plant populations on nodulation and yield in soybeans Glycine max (L. Merril 'Santa Rosa'

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Deuber

    1981-12-01

    Full Text Available Três experimentos de campo e um em vasos foram conduzidos com a cultura da soja 'Santa Rosa', para estudar os efeitos da aplicação de diferentes herbicidas, combinados com diferentes populações de plantas, sobre a nodulação, produção de grãos e teor de N em grãos. Utilizaram-se solos argiloso e muito argiloso no campo e argiloso e barrento em vasos. Os herbicidas aplicados foram o trifluralin a 0,96 kg/ha e o vernolate a 3,60 kg/ha, incorporados ao solo; alachlor a 2,40 kg; pendimethalin a 1,50 kg em dois experimentos e a 1,25 kg em um e o metribuzin a 0,63 kg em dois e a 0,53 kg em um em pré-emergência no campo. Em vasos, as doses foram as mesmas, exceto do trifluralin, que foi de 0,86 kg. Havia um tratamento sem herbicida em cada experimento. As densidades de semeadura corresponderam, no Experimento I, a 200 e 300 mil plantas/ha, no Experimento II a 200, 300 e 400 mil plantas/ha e, no III, a 150 e 250 mil plantas/ha. Em cada vaso, foram semeadas três plantas e nestes, fez-se o estudo do crescimento até 30 dias, quando se coletaram os nódulos. No campo, em pleno florescimento, foram amostrados os nódulos de cinco plantas por parcela, que foram contados e pesados após secagem. Na colheita, foram obtidos a produção de grãos e o seu teor de N. As diferentes densidades não causaram alteração no número e no peso de nódulos. Em vasos a modulação foi afetada, na fase inicial, por trifluralin, pendimethalin e vernolate, que reduziram o número e o peso de nódulos. O trifluralin reduziu esses valores no campo, na fase de máxima nodulação, em um experimento. O aumento da população causou elevação do teor de N, e de grãos na colheita, em dois experimentos. Nenhum herbicida afetou o teor desse nutriente nas folhas ou nos grãos. A produção de grãos por área foi elevada com o aumento da população de plantas. O metribuzin causou redução da produção em um experimento.The effects of herbic ides and plant

  18. Determinación de las percepciones de la usuaria sobre los factores que intervienen en la comunicación con el médico durante la consulta externa de Gineco Obstetricia del Hospital Santa Rosa del Ministerio de Salud

    OpenAIRE

    Dusek Paz, Magnolia Jesús

    2005-01-01

    El presente estudio pretende profundizar sobre uno de los temas que debería preocupar a toda institución; los factores de la comunicación interpersonal, y en especial las que prestan servicios de salud: nuestro objetivo es conocer la percepción de las usuarias sobre los factores que intervienen en la comunicación con el médico durante la consulta externa en los servicios de gineco obstetricia del Hospital Santa Rosa.

  19. Cronología de la regeneración del bosque tropical seco en Santa Rosa, Guanacaste, Costa Rica: II. La vegetación en relación con el suelo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge A Leiva

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Se estudió la sucesión del bosque tropical seco (BTS de Santa Rosa, Guanacaste, Costa Rica, en cinco sitios boscosos secundarios y tres bosques maduros. Se analizó el efecto de la clase de suelo sobre la estructura del bosque y la diversidad de especies arbóreas. Los ocho sitios sucesionales estaban localizados a lo largo de una cronosecuencia de regeneración (10, 15, 20, 40, 60 and >100 años en la que se identificaron 17 pedones y seis órdenes de suelos con moderada a alta fertilidad, clasificados como Entisoles y Vertisoles, aunque los Mollisoles, Alfisoles, Inceptisoles y Ultisoles estuvieron presentes también. Se establecieron 130 parcelas de 10 por 50 m (0.05 ha, 20 en cada bosque secundario y 10 en cada bosque antiguo (6.5 ha en total, de acuerdo con la topografía. Se midió el diámetro a la altura de pecho (dap de todos los individuos presentes en cada parcela, la altura dominante y el área basal (m2ha-1, usando dos poblaciones: latizales (dap ≥ 1 y Chronology of tropical dry forest regeneration in Santa Rosa, Guanacaste, Costa Rica. II. Vegetation in relation to the soil. Tropical dry forest (TDF succession was monitored in Santa Rosa, Costa Rica. We analyzed the effect of soil type on forest structure and diversity. Eight seasonally-dry TDF sites located along a successional chrono-sequence (10, 15, 20, 40, 60 and >100 years were examined in relation to 17 soil pedons and six soil orders. Soils had moderate to high fertility and were classified as Entisols and Vertisols, although Mollisols, Alfisols, Inceptisols and Ultisols were also present. One-hundred and thirty 500 m2 plots were established, 20 plots in secondary and 10 plots in mature TDFsites. Diameter at breast height (dbh and total tree height were measured for saplings (dbh ≥1 and <5 cm, shrubs and trees (dbh ≥5 cm. With the exception of two sites (40 and 60 years, soil type did not have significant effects on forest structure. However, tree diversity measured

  20. "Un devorador de su propia especie". Violencia, justicia y cultura popular en Santa Rosa de los Andes: las formas de la autoridad a los ojos de un peón de oficio matador, Chile 1805

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Moreno Bazaes

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available A través del análisis microhistórico del proceso judicial seguido por las autoridades de la villa de Santa Rosa de Los Andes e intervenido por la Real Audiencia de Santiago contra Juan Francisco Varas, “peón-gañan” de la hacienda de Llay-Llay, responsable de a lo menos seis homicidios y otros tantos crímenes que atentaron contra el orden local y el gobierno civil, se pretende dar cuenta de los pormenores de la organización social en el Valle del Aconcagua a fines del siglo XVIII y durante los primeros años del siglo XIX. De modo que a través de la observación de las tensiones generadas por el uso indiscriminado de la violencia, el desacato y la desobediencia a la autoridad local, se desea mostrar uno de los rostros más violentos que presentaron los procesos de campesinización en Chile durante el periodo colonial, indagando en las formas en que los contemporáneos, la administración y autoridades locales reaccionaron frente a este tipo de prácticas consideradas como intolerables y excesivas. Por supuesto, se pretende dar cuenta delos mecanismos desplegados por controlar ese tipo de conductas y desde ahí profundizar en los horizontes que adoptaron lo justo y la autoridad frente a una cultura popular que se configuró al margen de la “civilidad”.

  1. Using an Integrated Surface Water - Groundwater Flow Model for Evaluating the Hydrologic Impacts of Historic and Potential Future Dry Periods on Simulated Water Budgets in the Santa Rosa Plain Watershed, Northern California, USA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hevesi, J. A.; Woolfenden, L. R.; Nishikawa, T.

    2014-12-01

    Communities in the Santa Rosa Plain watershed (SRPW), Sonoma County, CA, USA are experiencing increasing demand for limited water resources. Streamflow in the SRPW is runoff dominated; however, groundwater also is an important resource in the basin. The watershed has an area of 262 mi2 that includes natural, agricultural, and urban land uses. To evaluate the hydrologic system, an integrated hydrologic model was developed using the U.S. Geological Survey coupled groundwater and surface-water flow model, GSFLOW. The model uses a daily time step and a grid-based discretization of the SRPW consisting of 16,741 10-acre cells for 8 model layers to simulate all water budget components of the surface and subsurface hydrologic system. Simulation results indicate significant impacts on streamflow and recharge in response to the below average precipitation during the dry periods. The recharge and streamflow distributions simulated for historic dry periods were compared to future dry periods projected from 4 GCM realizations (two different GCMs and two different CO2 forcing scenarios) for the 21st century, with the dry periods defined as 3 consecutive years of below average precipitation. For many of the projected dry periods, the decreases in recharge and streamflow were greater than for the historic dry periods due to a combination of lower precipitation and increases in simulated evapotranspiration for the warmer 21st century projected by the GCM realizations. The greatest impact on streamflow for both historic and projected future dry periods is the diminished baseflow from late spring to early fall, with an increase in the percentage of intermittent and dry stream reaches. The results indicate that the coupled model is a useful tool for water managers to better understand the potential effects of future dry periods on spatially and temporally distributed streamflow and recharge, as well as other components of the water budget.

  2. Aspectos texturais do magmatismo e tramas da tectônica impostas ao Granito Chaval na Zona de Cisalhamento Santa Rosa, extremo Noroeste da Província Borborema

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Sergio de Sousa Gorayeb

    Full Text Available A região Noroeste da Província Borborema apresenta uma diversidade de corpos graníticos de natureza e evolução tectônica diversificadas, do Paleoproterozoico ao Paleozoico, com maior incidência relacionada ao Neoproterozoico e alojamento em diferentes fases da orogenia Brasiliana. Um desses exemplos é o Granito Chaval, que representa um batólito aflorante próximo à costa Atlântica do Ceará e Piauí, intrusivo em ortognaisses do Complexo Granja e supracrustais do Grupo Martinópole. Ele é, em parte, coberto por depósitos cenozoicos costeiros e rochas sedimentares paleozoicas da Bacia do Parnaíba. O Granito Chaval tem como característica marcante a textura porfirítica, destacando-se megacristais de microclina, em sienogranitos e monzogranitos, e outras feições texturais/estruturais de origem magmática, Essas permitiram interpretar sua evolução como de alojamento relativamente raso do plúton, conduzido por processos de cristalização fracionada, mistura de magmas com fluxo magmático e ação gravitacional em função da diferença de densidade do magma, levando à flutuação e ascensão de megacristais de microclina no magma residual, com alojamento de leucogranitos e pegmatitos nos estágios finais da evolução deste plutonismo. Por outro lado, em toda a metade Leste do plúton, encontra-se um rico acervo de estruturas tectógenas de cisalhamento, relacionada à implantação da Zona de Cisalhamento Transcorrente Santa Rosa, que levou a transformações tectonometamórficas superpostas às feições magmáticas, as quais atingiram condições metamórficas máximas na fácies anfibolito baixo. Cartograficamente, foram individualizados três domínios estruturais em que estão presentes uma gama de variações petroestruturais do Granito Chaval, sejam feições texturais/estruturais ígneas e tectônicas. As rochas plutônicas foram deformadas e modificadas progressivamente à medida que se dirige para Leste, no qual as

  3. La categoría trabajo en construcción: Componentes socio‐ históricos y culturales desde la perspectiva de los pequeños productores rurales de Picada Santa Rosa del Municipio Dos Arroyos, Misiones, Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Verónica ANGER

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available En el presente trabajo se propone revisar cómo se construye la categoría trabajo en un espacio social concreto: Picada Santa Rosa perteneciente al Municipio de Dos Arroyos - Misiones. El objetivo es reconstruir esa noción en función de la perspectiva de los pequeños productores rurales del lugar y determinar qué elementos entran en juego en la configuración de su significación diversa y cambiante, incluyendo aquellos factores emergentes que son las actuales políticas de Estado. Dichos componentes fueron visualizados a partir del trabajo de investigación que se realizó desde Noviembre del 2011 a Abril de 2014 en la zona; el cual consistió en delimitar una zona de trabajo reconociendo el espacio social, conocer los distintos agentes sociales que allí se mueven, determinar sus estrategias de vida, los tipos de vínculos que establecen entre sí y, por supuesto, acceder a las formas en que es simbolizado su universo cotidiano y los sentimientos de tristeza y felicidad que experimentan. El trabajo de campo en el lugar nos permitió reconocer un entramado social donde distintos agentes sociales interactúan de formas diversas en el campo de la producción agrícola. Estos objetivos fueron abordados a través de trabajo de campo antropológico, el que incluyó entrevistas y observación participante. El trabajo de campo realizado permitió delimitar el espacio social local y los agentes sociales que se mueven allí, a la vez que identificar sus estrategias de vida, las relaciones que existen entre ellos y los modos en que simbolizan su universo cotidiano. Así, se pudo comprender el entramado social complejo que se articula en torno a la producción agrícola.

  4. Environmental Assessment, Eglin Air Force Base, Florida Department of Transportation. Section 6, Township 2 South, Range 26 West Eglin Air Force Base, Santa Rosa County, Florida

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-06-03

    PENSACOLA 8A Y TEXAR BAYOU 21 738 C<l4iforms NPS poor. Low Group4 &5 2011 Bayou Chico has slldJmenta1!on and water queDty problema . Bayou Otssolvlld...2 2.02. 3 3.03 HO PASSING tONE 0 o.oo 0 0.00 Al l OTHER ALCOHOL /DRUG USE CPER DRIVER/PEDESTRIAN) TOTAL ~ DESCRIPTION 55 31.60 UNKNOWN/NOt CODEO...111 63.79 ~OT ORrNKINC OR USING DR~GS 4 2.29 ALCOHOL·UWDER INFLUENCE 1 O.S7 ORUGS·UNDER INFLUENCE 1 0.57 ALCOHOL & ORUGS·UNDER INFLUEN 0 0.00 "AD

  5. Fossil woods (Coniferales from the Baqueró Group (Aptian, Santa Cruz Province, Argentina

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    Ezequiel I. Vera

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Two new conifer morphospecies represented by a secondary xylem are reported for the Lower Cretaceous Baqueró Group (Santa Cruz Province, Argentina. Agathoxylon sp. is characterized by poorly defined growth rings, predominantly uniseriate pitting in the radial wall of the tracheids, cross fields with 1-6 pits and uniseriate rays. These features are shared with the leafy branches described for the unit as Araucaria grandifolia Feruglio emend. Del Fueyo and Archangelsky. The second taxon, Brachyoxylon sp. cf. B. boureaui, possesses poorly defined growth rings, mixed wood with predominantly uniseriate radial pitting, cross fields with 8-26 pits and uniseriate rays. These taxa represent the first fossil woods described for Baqueroan strata.Duas novas morfoespécies de coníferas representadas por xilema secundário são reportadas para o Cretáceo Inferior do Grupo Baqueró (Província de Santa Cruz, Argentina. Agathoxylon sp. é caracterizada por anéis de crescimento poucos definidos, sulcos predominantemente uniseriados na parede radial dos traqueídeos, campos de cruzamento com 1-6 perfurações e raios uniseriados. Estas características são comuns com os ramos frondosos descritos para a unidade como Araucaria grandifolia Feruglio emend. Del Fueyo e Archangelsky. O segundo taxon, Brachyoxylon sp. cf. B. boureaui, possui anéis de crescimento poucos definidos, lenho misto com predominância de sulcos radiais uniseriados, campos de cruzamento com 8-26 perfurações e raios uniseriados. Estes táxons representam a primeira descrição de madeira fóssil para o Grupo Baqueró.

  6. Remote Sensing Information Sciences Research Group: Santa Barbara Information Sciences Research Group, year 4

    Science.gov (United States)

    Estes, John E.; Smith, Terence; Star, Jeffrey L.

    1987-01-01

    Information Sciences Research Group (ISRG) research continues to focus on improving the type, quantity, and quality of information which can be derived from remotely sensed data. Particular focus in on the needs of the remote sensing research and application science community which will be served by the Earth Observing System (EOS) and Space Station, including associated polar and co-orbiting platforms. The areas of georeferenced information systems, machine assisted information extraction from image data, artificial intelligence and both natural and cultural vegetation analysis and modeling research will be expanded.

  7. ROSA full-core and DNBR capabilities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gibcus, H.P.M.; Verhagen, F.C.M.; Wakker, P.H. [NRG, Arnhem (Netherlands)

    2012-11-01

    This paper presents the latest developments of the ROSA (Reloading Optimization by Simulated Annealing) code system with an emphasis on the first full-core version and the minimum DNBR (Departure from Nucleate Boiling Ratio) as a new optimization parameter. Designing the core loading pattern of nuclear power plants is becoming a more and more complex task. This task becomes even more complicated if asymmetries in the core loading pattern arise, for instance due to damaged fuel assemblies. For over almost two decades ROSA, NRG's (Nuclear Research and consultancy Group) loading pattern optimization code system for PWRs, has proven to be a valuable tool to reactor operators in accomplishing this task. To improve the use of ROSA for designing asymmetric loading patterns, NRG has developed a full-core version of ROSA besides the original quarter-core version which requires rotational symmetry in the computational domain. The extension of ROSA with DNBR as an optimization parameter is part of ROSA's continuous development. (orig.)

  8. ROSA full-core and DNBR capabilities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gibcus, H.P.M.; Verhagen, F.C.M.; Wakker, P.H. [NRG, Arnhem (Netherlands)

    2013-06-15

    The latest developments of the ROSA (Reloading Optimization by Simulated Annealing) code system with an emphasis on the first full-core version and the minimum DNBR (Departure from Nucleate Boiling Ratio) as a new optimization parameter are presented. Designing the core loading pattern of nuclear power plants is becoming a more and more complex task. This task becomes even more complicated if asymmetries in the core loading pattern arise, for instance due to damaged fuel assemblies. For over almost 2 decades ROSA, NRG's (Nuclear Research and consultancy Group) loading pattern optimization code system for PWRs, has proven to be a valuable tool to reactor operators in accomplishing this task. To improve the use of ROSA for designing asymmetric loading patterns, NRG has developed a full-core version of ROSA besides the original quarter-core version which requires rotational symmetry in the computational domain. The extension of ROSA with DNBR as an optimization parameter is part of ROSA's continuous development. (orig.)

  9. Rosa Parks @ 100

    OpenAIRE

    Chouard, Géraldine; Crémieux, Anne

    2013-01-01

    Cornell University associate professor Riché Richardson, a native of Montgomery, Alabama, gave a talk at the Rosa Parks Museum in the city on February 4, 2013 entitled “Rosa Parks @100” as part of the national celebration from Montgomery to Detroit. Her art quilt, “Rosa Parks, Whose ‘No’ in 1955 Launched the Montgomery Bus Boycott and Was Heard Around the World,” is among the art that was presented at this historic celebration. Other highlights included National Book Award poet Nikky Finney r...

  10. ROSA on Oceansat-2

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Cosmo, Vittorio; Catalano, Valeria; Garramone, Luciano; Loizzo, Rosa; Marzo, Mino; Thyagarajan, K.; Venkatarao, M.; Vespe, Francesco

    2006-12-01

    ROSA (Radio Occultation Sounder of Atmosphere) is a space instrument which uses the Radio Occultation Technique to provide highly accurate measurements of the atmospheric refractive indexes from which it is possible to derive, atmospheric vertical profiles of temperature, pressure and humidity, as well as profiles of electron content in the ionosphere. The measurements, generally, are made by using meteorological balloons, able to give a very detailed atmospheric profiles but only on a local scale. From the space, ROSA, flying on a LEO orbit, is able to perform more than 500 atmospheric profiles per day on a global scale, The ROSA instrument is the core of a scientific program, of the same name, promoted by the Italian Space Agency (ASI) to contribute to a better understanding of Climate Change. This program foresees the installation of the ROSA instruments on several space missions and the developments of an ad hoc Ground Segment for the acquisition and processing of the data. The ISRO (Indian Space Research Organization) mission OCEANSAT-2 will be the first mission that will embark ROSA. OCEANSAT-2 is an operative mission for the study of the Ocean that will be launched next July 2007.

  11. 76 FR 67395 - Port Access Route Study: In the Approaches to Los Angeles-Long Beach and in the Santa Barbara...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-01

    ... Pacific Ocean, particularly the area south of San Miguel, Santa Rosa, Santa Cruz, and Anacapa Islands; and north of San Nicolas, Santa Barbara, and Santa Catalina Islands where an increase in vessel traffic has..., precautionary areas, and deep-water routes. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Background and Purpose The Coast...

  12. Amira de la Rosa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marina Lamus Obregón

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available Amira de la Rosa. Obra reunida (I: relatos, prosas, teatro. Obra reunida (II: radiofonia, relatos infantiles, poesía, crítica. Enrique Dávila Martínez (compilación e introducción Promigas y Editorial Maremágnum, Bogotá, 2005, 2006, t. I, 558 págs., t. II, 557 págs.

  13. Variazioni sulla rosa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irena Prosenc

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Variazioni sulla rosa è l’ultima raccolta di poesie di Antonio Catalfamo, un poliedrico intellettuale siciliano i cui vari interessi culturali si esprimono nel notevole corpus dei testi da lui pubblicati. L’autore è attivo come poeta, saggista, operatore culturale, ricercatore e critico letterario. Ha pubblicato, dal 1989 al 2009, sette raccolte di poesie (Il solco della vita, Origini, Passato e presente, L’eterno cammino, Diario pavesiano, Le gialle colline e il mare e Frammenti di memoria e un libro di racconti (Un filo di sangue, vincendo vari premi letterari.

  14. Tourmalinites of the Brusque Group in the São João Batista-Tijucas area, State of Santa Catarina, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Miguel Angelo Stipp Basei; Fabio Brentan; Gianna Maria Garda

    2013-01-01

    The Dom Feliciano Belt, in the State of Santa Catarina, is represented by the Itaja and Brusque groups and the Florianpolis Batholith. The basal Rio do Oliveira Formation of the Brusque Group consists of metabasic/calc-silicate, metavolcanic-exhalative, metapelitic and metapsammitic units. A discontinuous tourmalinite sequence integrating the metavolcanic-exhalative unit stretches out from So Joo Batista to Tijucas. Two types of tourmalinites were distinguished and named Rio do Oliveira and M...

  15. Capítulo 5. Los legados de la Rosa Astrea

    OpenAIRE

    Mujica Puntilla, Ramón

    2013-01-01

    No podemos finalizar este estudio sin esbozar a grandes rasgos algunas de las variantes virreinales y republicanas del culto a Santa Rosa de Lima difundido como un mito fundacional "nacionalista". ¿Quiénes eran los legítimos herederos del imperio justo de Rosa, "Aurora de Indias"? La respuesta es compleja y múltiple, pues los españoles, los criollos, los mestizos y los indios, ya fuere como grupo social ο por medio de alianzas políticas, intentaron en algún momento de la historia apropiarse d...

  16. Ramos Rosa e Albano Martins

    OpenAIRE

    2007-01-01

    Este artigo centra-se no diálogo estético entre ramos rosa e Albano Martins, disperso ao longo da obra poética e ensaística dos dois grandes poetas do século XX. This article focus on the aesthetic dialogue between ramos rosa and Albano Martins, dispersed along the poetical work of these great portuguese poets of the 20th century.

  17. [Variations in tooth formation in individuals from a prehistorical group in Santana do Riacho, Lagoa Santa, Minas Gerais, Brazil].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Souza, S M

    1993-01-01

    This article discusses variations in dentogenesis and their consequences when estimating age in archaeological samples. One example described here, taken from a sample of a Lagoa Santa primeval population found in the Santana do Riacho rock shelter in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil, suggests a need for more research concerning patterns of dental growth and maturation in South American indigenous populations.

  18. 75 FR 53371 - Environmental Impact Statement; Santa Rosa County, FL

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-31

    ... Decision Making Process and a series of meetings for agencies and the public. To ensure that the full range... (1) taking no action; (2) alternative corridors that would provide for a four-lane rural highway with plans to build two-lanes initially to be widened to a four-lane divided rural facility as needed in...

  19. Santa Rosa Island Mission Utilization Plan Programmatic Environmental Assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-03-01

    Influence for Underwater Explosive Noise Produced from Four Mine Clearing Systems......4-18 Table 4-10. Cetacean Densities for Gulf of Mexico Shelf Region...and welfare , and preserve the natural beneficial value of floodplains. The order stipulates that federal agencies proposing actions in floodplains...off the coast and commercial shipping through the Sound and the bay. The general economic welfare of these five counties may impact other counties

  20. Relationship of 17 Rosa Plants Detected by Morphology and ISSR Analysis%17份蔷薇属植物的亲缘关系的形态学和ISSR分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨帆; 曾丽; 叶康; 赵子刚; 张嫔; 龚霄雯; 尹勤; 孙强

    2011-01-01

    The genetic relationship of 17 Rosa plants is analyzed by ISSR and morphological data. NTSYS2.1 is used in clustering analysis. The results showed: 13 primers were selected to perform ISSR -PCR. A total of 479 DNA bands was obtained, of which 221 bands had polymorphism, the percentage of polymorphic bands was 0.46. All these plants could be divided into three groups by morphological data: the first group was consisted of Rosa rugosa ' Bao Dao' , Rosa chinensis ' Sophie' s perpetral' , Rosa chinensis ' Comtesse dll cayla' , Rosa hybrid tea ' Sophy' s Rose' , Rosa hybrid climbingroses ' Ten Shen Qi' , Rosa chinensis ' Da Fu Gui' , Rose hybrid bracteata ' Mermaid' , Rosa chinensis ' Jin Ou Fan Lv' , Rosa chinensis ' Jin Fen Lian' and Rosa chinensis ' Yi Ji Fen'; the second group was consisted of Rosa chinensis ' Viridiflora' , Rosa chinensis ' Hu Zhong Yue' , Rosa chinensis ' Yu Shi Zhuang' , Rosa hybrid tea ' Yankee Dodle' , Rosa chinensis ' Si Mian Jing' and Rosa chinensis ' Pu Fu Hong'; the third group was consisted of Rosa gallica ' Versicolor'. All these plants can be divided into four groups by ISSR cluster analysis. The first group was consisted of Rosa rugosa ' Bao Dao'; the second group was consisted of Rosa chinensis ' Viridiflora', Rosa chinensis ' Pu Fu Hong', Rosa chinensis ' Comtesse dll cayla' , Rose hybrid bracteata ' Mermaid' , Rosa chinensis ' Si Mian Jing' , Rosa chinensis ' Hu Zhong Yue' and Rosa chinensis ' Yu Shi Zhuang'; the third group was consisted of Rosa hybrid tea ' Sophy' s Rose' and Rosa hy brid tea ' Yankee Dodle'; and the fourth group was consisted of Rosa gallica ' Versicolor' , Rosa chinensis ' Jin Ou Fan Lv' , Rosa hybrid climbingroses ' Ten Shen Qi' , Rosa chinensis ' Sophie' s perpetral' , Rosa chinensis ' Yi Ji Fen' , Rosa chinensis ' Da Fu Gui' and Rosa chinensis ' Jin Fen Lian'. The results of morphologic cluster analysis and ISSR cluster analysis were similar.%利用ISSR分子标记结合形态学指标对17份蔷薇属植物

  1. FACT, Mega-ROSA, SOLAROSA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spence, Brian; White, Steve; Schmid, Kevin; Douglas Mark

    2012-01-01

    The Flexible Array Concentrator Technology (FACT) is a lightweight, high-performance reflective concentrator blanket assembly that can be used on flexible solar array blankets. The FACT concentrator replaces every other row of solar cells on a solar array blanket, significantly reducing the cost of the array. The modular design is highly scalable for the array system designer, and exhibits compact stowage, good off-pointing acceptance, and mass/cost savings. The assembly s relatively low concentration ratio, accompanied by a large radiative area, provides for a low cell operating temperature, and eliminates many of the thermal problems inherent in high-concentration-ratio designs. Unlike other reflector technologies, the FACT concentrator modules function on both z-fold and rolled flexible solar array blankets, as well as rigid array systems. Mega-ROSA (Mega Roll-Out Solar Array) is a new, highly modularized and extremely scalable version of ROSA that provides immense power level range capability from 100 kW to several MW in size. Mega-ROSA will enable extremely high-power spacecraft and SEP-powered missions, including space-tug and largescale planetary science and lunar/asteroid exploration missions. Mega-ROSA's inherent broad power scalability is achieved while retaining ROSA s solar array performance metrics and missionenabling features for lightweight, compact stowage volume and affordability. This innovation will enable future ultra-high-power missions through lowcost (25 to 50% cost savings, depending on PV and blanket technology), lightweight, high specific power (greater than 200 to 400 Watts per kilogram BOL (beginning-of-life) at the wing level depending on PV and blanket technology), compact stowage volume (greater than 50 kilowatts per cubic meter for very large arrays), high reliability, platform simplicity (low failure modes), high deployed strength/stiffness when scaled to huge sizes, and high-voltage operation capability. Mega-ROSA is adaptable to

  2. Santa Muerte

    OpenAIRE

    Fraser, A.; The Photographers' Gallery; Trolley Books; Bar-Tur Foundation; Arts Council England

    2015-01-01

    The origins of Santa Muerte - a religion/cult that has been denounced as satanic by the Mexican Catholic Church - can be dated back hundreds of years. It was developed through a syncretism between indigenous Mesoamerican and Spanish Catholic beliefs and practices. Only in the last decade however has it become more predominant in Mexican society, where many commentators have noted its rise with the killing and violence associated with the war between rival drug cartels and the Mexican Governme...

  3. Estimated 2012 groundwater potentiometric surface and drawdown from predevelopment to 2012 in the Santa Fe Group aquifer system in the Albuquerque metropolitan area, central New Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Powell, Rachel I.; McKean, Sarah E.

    2014-01-01

    Historically, the water-supply requirements of the Albuquerque metropolitan area of central New Mexico were met almost exclusively by groundwater withdrawal from the Santa Fe Group aquifer system. In response to water-level declines, the Albuquerque Bernalillo County Water Utility Authority (ABCWUA) began diverting water from the San Juan-Chama Drinking Water Project in December 2008 to reduce the use of groundwater to meet municipal demand. Modifications in the demand for water and the source of the supply of water for the Albuquerque metropolitan area have resulted in a variable response in the potentiometric surface of the production zone (the interval of the aquifer, from within about 200 feet below the water table to 900 feet or more, in which supply wells generally are screened) of the Santa Fe Group aquifer system. Analysis of the magnitude and spatial distribution of water-level change can help improve the understanding of how the groundwater system responds to withdrawals and variations in the management of the water supply and can support water-management agencies’ efforts to minimize future water-level declines and improve sustainability. The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), in cooperation with the ABCWUA, has developed an estimate of the 2012 potentiometric surface of the production zone of the Santa Fe Group aquifer system in the Albuquerque metropolitan area. This potentiometric surface is the latest in a series of reports depicting the potentiometric surface of the area. This report presents the estimated potentiometric surface during winter (from December to March) of water year 2012 and the estimated changes in potentiometric surface between predevelopment (pre-1961) and water year 2012 for the production zone of the Santa Fe Group aquifer system in the Albuquerque metropolitan area. Hydrographs from selected piezometers are included to provide details of historical water-level changes. In general, water-level measurements used for this report were

  4. Estimated 2008 groundwater potentiometric surface and predevelopment to 2008 water-level change in the Santa Fe Group aquifer system in the Albuquerque area, central New Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Falk, Sarah E.; Bexfield, Laura M.; Anderholm, Scott K.

    2011-01-01

    The water-supply requirements of the Albuquerque metropolitan area of central New Mexico have historically been met almost exclusively by groundwater withdrawal from the Santa Fe Group aquifer system. Previous studies have indicated that the large quantity of groundwater withdrawal relative to recharge has resulted in water-level declines in the aquifer system throughout the metropolitan area. Analysis of the magnitude and pattern of water-level change can help improve understanding of how the groundwater system responds to withdrawals and variations in the management of the water supply and can support water-management agencies' efforts to minimize future water-level declines and improve sustainability. This report, prepared by the U.S. Geological Survey in cooperation with the Albuquerque Bernalillo County Water Utility Authority, presents the estimated groundwater potentiometric surface during winter (from December to March) of the 2008 water year and the estimated changes in water levels between predevelopment and water year 2008 for the production zone of the Santa Fe Group aquifer system in the Albuquerque and surrounding metropolitan and military areas. Hydrographs from selected wells are included to provide details of historical water-level changes. In general, water-level measurements used for this report were measured in small-diameter observation wells screened over short intervals and were considered to best represent the potentiometric head in the production zone-the interval of the aquifer, about 300 feet below land surface to 1,100 feet or more below land surface, in which production wells generally are screened. Water-level measurements were collected by various local and Federal agencies. The 2008 water year potentiometric surface map was created in a geographic information system, and the change in water-level elevation from predevelopment to water year 2008 was calculated. The 2008 water-level contours indicate that the general direction of

  5. Protective effects of Rosa canina L fruit extracts on renal disturbances induced by reperfusion injury in rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Changizi Ashtiyani, Saeed; Najafi, Houshang; Jalalvandi, Sepeideh; Hosseinei, Fatemeh

    2013-07-01

    This study aimed to investigate the effects of Rosa canina L fruit extracts on histological damages, oxidative stress, and functional disturbances induced by bilateral renal ischemia and reperfusion. Ischemia and reperfusion were induced on the kidneys of anesthetized male Sprague-Dawley rats. The rats in the reperfusion and Rosa canina groups were administered extract solvent and Rosa canina extract, respectively. In addition, in the sham group, surgery was done without ischemia. In the last 6 hours of the reperfusion period, urine sample were collected using metabolic cage and at the end of this period, blood samples were taken from the descending aorta. The kidney tissues were collected and subjected to microscopic study for histological damages, while oxidative stress was measured by determining malondialdehyde and ferric reducing/antioxidant power levels. The comparison between the reperfusion and sham groups indicated reductions in creatinine clearance, absolute excretion of potassium, urine osmilarity, and increase in absolute excretion of sodium in the reperfusion group. These changes were less pronounced with Rosa canina fruit extract. In addition, blood creatinine and urea concentrations which increased in the reperfusion group, were significantly lower in the Rosa canina group. In this group, the degree of histological damages and the level of malondialdehyde were lower than the reperfusion group, while ferric reducing/antioxidant power level was significantly higher. The findings of this study showed that Rosa canina fruit extract possesses protective effects against kidney function disturbances, oxidative stress, and histological damages.

  6. Morphological and chemical characteristics of fruits of selected Rosa sp.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agnieszka Najda

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to evaluate the morphological and chemical parameters, antioxidant activity (DPPH of five rose species (Rosa rugosa, R. villosa, R. californica, R. spinosissima, and R. × damascene and grouping them according to the harvest date. On the basis of the study, rose species grown in eastern Poland were grouped according to their harvest time, and three dates of cumulative ripeness of pseudofruits were distinguished. Rosehips of studied species varied referring to their harvest date and morphological properties and were characterized by diverse contents of primary metabolites analyzed. In addition, obtained extracts showed high antioxidant activity, which has a significant impact on their value for processing.

  7. CHARACTERIZATION OF ENDOPHYTIC MICROFLORA OF ROSA CANINA FRUITS

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Katarína Rovná; Ladislav Bakay; Jana Petrová; Margarita Terentjeva; Jana Cerná; Miroslava Kacániová

    2015-01-01

      There aren't a lot of studies about the bacterial communities associated with the Rosa canina and the aim of this study was to characterize endophytic bacteria from fruit of Rosa canina. The fruits of R...

  8. The effect of Rosa damascena essential oil on the amygdala electrical kindling seizures in rat.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramezani, Roohollah; Moghimi, Ali; Rakhshandeh, Hassan; Ejtehadi, Hamid; Kheirabadi, Masoumeh

    2008-03-01

    We investigated the effect of Rosa damascena Mill, essential oil on the development of induced amygdala kindling seizures. Male Wistar rats were implanted with one tripolar and two monopolar electrodes in right basolateral amygdala and dura surface, respectively. The control group was injected solvent of essential oil and two experimental groups were injected 750 and 1000 mg kg(-1) of essential oil (ip), 30 min before a daily kindling stimulation. The number of stimulations required for the first appearance of seizure stages was significantly larger in two experimental groups than in control group. Mean after discharge duration was significantly different and essential oil reduced the increase of after discharge duration. Mean after discharge amplitude was also shorter in the groups treated with essential oil than in control group. Duration time for 5th stage of seizure at fully-kindled rats was significantly shorter in two experimental groups than control group. These results suggest that Rosa damascena essential oil significantly retarded the development of seizure stages and possesses the ability to counteract kindling acquisition. The flavonoids of Rosa damascena may act via GABAA receptors as previous studies have proposed for flavonoids of other medicinal plants. More detailed studies are recommended to define the effective component(s) of Rosa on different types of epilepsy.

  9. Reduced oxide soldering activation (ROSA) PWB solderability testing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hernandez, C.L.; Hosking, F.M. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Physical and Joining Metallurgy Dept.; Reed, J. [Texas Instruments, Austin, TX (United States); Tench, D.M.; White, J. [Rockwell Science Center, Thousand Oaks, CA (United States)

    1996-02-01

    The effect of ROSA pretreatment on the solderability of environmentally stressed PWB test coupons was investigated. The PWB surface finish was an electroplated, reflowed solder. Test results demonstrated the ability to recover plated-through-hole fill of steam aged samples with solder after ROSA processing. ROSA offers an alternative method for restoring the solderability of aged PWB surfaces.

  10. 华硕Santa Rosa九款新品齐出炉

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ 5月9日,英特尔正式发布第四代迅驰平台Santa Rosa,以取代现有的Napa平台.与此同时,全球前四大笔记本厂商之一华硕也保持惯有的高速步调,一口气推出A8Sc,G1S,G2S,F3S,W7S等9款Santa Rosa笔记本,以空前强大的新品阵营将移动计算应用推至新高.

  11. De wilde rozen (Rosa L.) van Nederland

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bakker, Piet A.; Maes, Bert N.C.M.; Kruijer, Hans J.D.

    2011-01-01

    Dit artikel in boekvorm biedt nieuwe inzichten in het complexe geslacht Rosa L. en presenteert een systematische bewerking van de in Nederland in het wild voorkomende rozensoorten. In inleidende hoofdstukken worden de cultuurhistorie, biologie, morfologie, genetica, taxonomie en ecologie van rozen

  12. Santa and the Moon

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Barthel, P.

    2012-01-01

    This article reflects on the use of illustrations of the Moon in images of Santa Claus, on Christmas gift-wrapping paper and in children's books, in two countries which have been important in shaping the image of Santa Claus and his predecessor Sinterklaas: the USA and the Netherlands. The appearanc

  13. Santa and the Moon

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Barthel, P.

    This article reflects on the use of illustrations of the Moon in images of Santa Claus, on Christmas gift-wrapping paper and in children's books, in two countries which have been important in shaping the image of Santa Claus and his predecessor Sinterklaas: the USA and the Netherlands. The

  14. Estado nutrimental del agroecosistema rosa (Rosa spp. en la ladera este del Iztaccíhuatl

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Steinger Cortés Jiménez

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Aproximadamente 3000 ha se encuentran plantadas con rosas (Rosa spp. en el estado de Puebla. El valor estimado generado por esta actividad es 625 millones de pesos y permite incorporar a la mujer a la economía regional. El uso de fertilización nitrogenada en rosa de corte, mayor a 7000 kg ha-1, es excesiva y afecta la salud del suelo y la economía de los productores. Los objetivos del trabajo fueron: (1 evaluar el estado actual de la fertilidad de los suelos en la zona de producción de rosa del DDR 05 San Martín Texmelucan y (2 estudiar el efecto del aporte de tres fuentes de materia orgánica en la producción, calidad y estado nutrimental de tres variedades de rosas, así como en la condición física de los suelos. Para ello se evaluaron algunas propiedades químicas en muestras de suelo de 112 invernaderos localizados en cuatro unidades edafoclimáticas. Se usaron tres tipos de materia orgánica (MO: compost comercial, estiércol de bovino y gallinaza y tres variedades de rosa: Anastasia, Selena y Latin. El diseño fue completamente al azar modificado y se realizaron análisis de varianza y comparaciones de medias. Los suelos presentaron condiciones de fertilidad contrastantes. La gallinaza aumentó el rendimiento en la variedad Anastasia y el compost en la variedad Selena. La calidad de las tres variedades de rosas aumentó con el aporte de las tres fuentes de MO a los tres meses, pero disminuyó a los nueve meses. Las tres fuentes de MO aportaron niveles similares de macroelementos a la planta y mejoraron la condición física del suelo al aumentar el porcentaje de macroagregados en todos los tratamientos. El mayor porcentaje de macroagregados se obtuvo por la adición de compost en los suelos con las variedades Anastasia y Selena. Los suelos de los invernaderos del agrosistema rosa (Rosa spp. presentaron características químicas y condiciones de fertilidad contrastantes, producto de una variabilidad edafoclimática. Las fuentes de

  15. La vita vera: note su Rosa Luxemburg

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clotilde Barbarulli

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Rosa Luxemburg was a political theorist of the working class movement and the leader of German Social Democracy. Altough she was deeply involved in the political events of her period, in the context of that inhuman and exploiting society, Rosa never resigned the pursuit of happiness. From her prison, where she was confined many times because of her involvement in the propaganda against the war, she continued to speak about the importance to be and remain humans. So, while she goes with studying botany, she likes to look at the clouds and the lovely titmice from the window of her cell. She knows she may venture her life, if necessary, but she feels the possible death thought as nothing more than a «pensiero atroce» (a nasty thought.

  16. Effect of Alcoholic Extract of Rosa canina on Hepatic Tissue and Hepatic Enzymes Activity in Diabetic Rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seyedmahdi Banan Khojasteh

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Background & aim: Nowadays because of difficulty in the supply and injection of insulin and blood sugar reducing drugs and considering the side effects of chemical drugs, researcher’s attention is drawn to using herbal medicines. Liver is one of the organs affected by diabetes in different functional aspects. The purpose of this research was studying the effect of Rosa canina extract on reducing the adverse effects and improving diabetes symptoms related to histophysiology, amount of biochemical serum factors and liver enzymes in male rats. Methods: 32 male Wistar rats, weighed 200-220 gr, were divided into 4 groups. Diabetes was induced by intraperitoneal injection of STZ (60mg/kg. The period of experiments was 4 weeks. At the end of experiments, the rats were sacrificed and their serums were collected for measurement of liver enzymes. Also, histological sampling of liver was done. Statistical analysis was performed using analysis of variance (one-way ANOVA. Results: The results of this study showed that treatment with ethanol extract of Rosa canina led to significant reduction of liver enzymes in the Rosa extract-treated groups in comparison with the diabetic group, indicating the protective effect of alcoholic extract of Rosa canina on liver tissue against diabetes-induced damages. In liver histopathology, a distinct fat change in the lobular center areas was created in the diabetic group. Pathological changes were not significant in the liver of the Rosa extract-treated groups; liver in this group was relatively healthier than in diabetic group. Conclusions: Rosa extract improved this organ's function in STZ-induced diabetic rats by reducing serum biomarkers of liver pathology and reducing histological damages.

  17. Cardioprotective effect of the Hibiscus rosa sinensis flowers in an oxidative stress model of myocardial ischemic reperfusion injury in rat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krishnamoorthy Karthikeyan K

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The present study investigates the cardioprotective effects of Hibiscus rosa sinensis in myocardial ischemic reperfusion injury, particularly in terms of its antioxidant effects. Methods The medicinal values of the flowers of Hibiscus rosa sinensis (Chinese rose have been mentioned in ancient literature as useful in disorders of the heart. Dried pulverized flower of Hibiscus rosa sinensis was administered orally to Wistar albino rats (150–200 gms in three different doses [125, 250 and 500 mg/kg in 2% carboxy methyl cellulose (CMC], 6 days per week for 4 weeks. Thereafter, rats were sacrificed; either for the determination of baseline changes in cardiac endogenous antioxidants [superoxide dismutase, reduced glutathione and catalase] or the hearts were subjected to isoproterenol induced myocardial necrosis. Results There was significant increase in the baseline contents of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS [a measure of lipid per oxidation] with both doses of Hibiscus Rosa sinensis. In the 250 mg/kg treated group, there was significant increase in superoxide dismutase, reduced glutathione, and catalase levels but not in the 125 and 500 mg/kg treated groups. Significant rise in myocardial thiobarbituric acid reactive substances and loss of superoxide dismutase, catalase and reduced glutathione (suggestive of increased oxidative stress occurred in the vehicle treated hearts subjected to in vivo myocardial ischemic reperfusion injury. Conclusion It may be concluded that flower of Hibiscus rosa sinensis (250 mg/kg augments endogenous antioxidant compounds of rat heart and also prevents the myocardium from isoproterenol induced myocardial injury.

  18. Materials and Structures Optimization / Process Development for the Mega-ROSA / ROSA Solar Array Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Deployable Space Systems, Inc. (DSS), in collaboration with the University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB), Department of Mechanical Engineering, will focus the...

  19. La España de Rosas Blancas = The Spain of Rosas Blancas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Óscar Gual Boronat

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Mediante la lectura del cuaderno femenino español Rosas blancas, publicado por la editorial Toray entre 1958 y 1965, tratamos de estudiar la capacidad del cómic para reflejar el papel de la mujer durante una de las etapas clave de la dictadura franquista. Tras trazar un recorrido por los tebeos sentimentales de la década de 1940 (Azucena y las primeras revistas modernas para niñas (Florita y Sissi, analizaremos el contenido de dicha publicación. En ese análisis percibiremos cómo Rosas blancas prolongará determinados mitos de aquellas historietas al tiempo que introducirá nuevas perspectivas en consonancia con lo que estaba sucediendo en la sociedad española.Through the reading of the Spanish female comic-book Rosas blancas, published by Editorial Toray between 1958 and 1965, we try to explore the ability of comics to reflect the role of women during the key stages of the Franco dictatorship. After a study of the sentimental comics of the 1940s (Azucena and the first modern magazines for girls (Florita and Sissi, we analyse the content of this publication. In this analysis we perceive how Rosas blancas extend certain myths while those cartoons introduce new perspectives in line with what was happening in the Spanish society.

  20. The Myth of "Rosa Parks the Tired." Teaching about Rosa Parks and the Montgomery Bus Boycott.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kohl, Herbert

    1993-01-01

    Retells the story of Rosa Parks and the Montgomery (Alabama) bus boycott to reflect more accurately the cultural and historical background of the boycott and the conscious decision made by Mrs. Parks. Accurate examination of the story actually enhances a child's ability to identify with the issues and the protagonists. (SLD)

  1. Socialising Semiotic Mediation: Some Reflections on Rosa and Pievi's Paper

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Glaveanu, Vlad Petre

    2013-01-01

    This article aims to reflect on the relation between social representations theory (SRT) and a cultural psychological view of semiotics, as presented in Rosa and Pievi's paper (this issue). It is argued that a fruitful dialogue can be established between the two orientations, one that draws...... experience – as well as the ways in which the latter can benefit from engaging with the notion of social representations. Most of all, I propose that what a SRT-informed view of cultural psychology can offer us is a ‘socialized model of semiotic mediation', one that grounds the construction of knowledge...... at the level of different groups and communities and observes its dynamic evolution over time in close relation to these social milieus. The transformation of knowledge and its individual and social determinants are considered in detail by SRT researchers and can expand the rather narrow focus on sign, object...

  2. 玫瑰与月季的前世今生%Past and Present of Rosa rugosa and Rosa chinensis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王辉; 刘承源

    2014-01-01

    The growth habits of Rosa multilfora, Rosa chinensis, Rosa rugosa and the method to distinguish these three plants are introduced. Their evolutional history and cultural history are discussed. Botanical classification of Rosa multilfora and horticultural classification of Rosa chinensis are also summarized. Finally, five rose gardens in China are introduced.%本文首先介绍了蔷薇、月季、玫瑰三者的生长习性及如何加以区别;之后,简介了各自的演化历史及栽培简史;同时,对蔷薇的植物学分类及月季的园艺学分类加以概述;最后,简介了中国5个月季专类园。

  3. Ilha de Santa Catarina

    OpenAIRE

    Nopes, Adriano

    2007-01-01

    Dissertação (mestrado) - Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Centro de Filosofia E Ciências Humanas. Programa de Pós-Graduação em Sociologia Política Este trabalho tem como foco de análise o processo de modernização na Praia dos Ingleses, um bairro atual situado no extremo norte da Ilha de Santa Catarina. Como referencial teórico da modernidade, utilizamos pensadores contemporâneos como Berman, Giddens e Habermas; para estes autores a modernização é compreendida como um fenômeno comple...

  4. Effect of Polysaccharides of Radix Rosa loevigata and Caulis Rosa laevigata on Intestinal Flora of Mouse%金樱根、金樱茎多糖对小鼠肠道菌群失调的调整作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王艳; 张立; 沈媛珍; 田素英

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To research the effect of polysaccharides of Radix Rosa laevigata and Caulis Rosa laevigata on intestinal flora of mouse. Method; Intestinal microbe dysbiosis in mice were constructed by intragastric administration of lincomycin (15 g -kg-1 , bid, 3d). The mice were given polysaccharides of Radix Rosa laevigata and Caulis Rosa laevigata ( 100 g-kg -1 of crude drug for 6 days, ) and then normal intestinal flora of fresh fecal was taken on the 10'h day to observe the changes in normal intestinal microflora in the first 10 days. The result was expressed as lgl0n -g -1The nomal control, positive control and spontaneous recovery groups were set up. Result; Intestinal microbe dysbiosis in mice was successfully established. After the intestinal microbial flora in mice was disturbed and then treatment by polysaccharides of Radix Rosa laevigata and Caulis Rosa laevigata for 6 days, alteration of intestinal flora in polysaccharides of Radix Rosa laevigata was basically regulated. For polysaccharides of Caulis Rosae laevigatae, comparing with the modle groups, only the quantity of Enterobacteriaceae and Bifidobacterrium was increased significantly (P < 0. 01 ) . Conclusion; The polysaccharides of Radix Rosa laevigata and Caulis Rosa laevigata have the function of regulating alteration of intestinal flora. Comparing with Caulis Rosae laevigatae, Radix Rosa laevigata has the better curative effect.%目的:研究金樱根、金樱茎多糖对肠道菌群失调小鼠的调整作用.方法:用盐酸林可霉素15 g·kg-1ig,2次/d,连续3d,建立小鼠肠道菌群失调模型,用含生药100 g·kg-1的金樱根、金樱茎多糖进行ig治疗,连续6d,于第10天取新鲜粪便检测肠道正常菌群(肠杆菌、肠球菌、双歧杆菌和乳杆菌)的变化.CFU·g-1粪便=每一稀释度平均菌落数×稀释倍数/滴种体积(mL).结果用1 g粪便中菌数的对数表示(lg10n·g-1).同时设正常对照、阳性对照、模型对照及自然恢复组.结果:6d治

  5. Phenolic antioxidants from Rosa soulieana flowers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Chunyan; Li, Fu; Zhang, Xiaolong; Wang, Lun; Zhou, Zhiqiong; Wang, Mingkui

    2013-01-01

    Rosa soulieana has been widely used in traditional medicine to treat cardiovascular disorders. In this study, antioxidant activity-guided fractionation and purification of the methanol extract from the flowers of R. soulieana has led to the isolation of nine phenolic antioxidants, which were identified as catechin (1), tiliroside (2), astragalin (3), isoquercitrin (4), nicotiflorin (5), eugenol 4-O-β-d-(6'-O-galloyl) glucoside (6), michehedyosides D (7), citrusin C (8) and strictinin (9), respectively. Among them, compounds 5-9 were reported from the genus Rosa for the first time. All the compounds were also assayed by in vitro ABTS [2,2'-azinobis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonic acid) diammonium salt] radical cation scavenging activity. Among these bioactive isolates (1-9), compounds 1, 6, 7 and 9 exhibited strong scavenging activity in ABTS (SC50 = 10.17, 7.38, 8.60, 4.72 μmol/L, respectively) compared with the positive control l-ascorbic acid (SC50 = 15.97 μmol/L).

  6. The Santa Ana Partnership

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cournoyer, David, Ed.

    2004-01-01

    One of the priority interests of the W.K. Kellogg Foundation is to connect the knowledge and resources of institutions with communities in order to improve the quality of life in community. Partnerships achieve uncommon results. In Santa Ana, California, an unusual partnership of public schools, community college, universities, community…

  7. Groundwater quality in the Santa Clara River Valley, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burton, Carmen A.; Landon, Matthew K.; Belitz, Kenneth

    2011-01-01

    The Santa Clara River Valley (SCRV) study unit is located in Los Angeles and Ventura Counties, California, and is bounded by the Santa Monica, San Gabriel, Topatopa, and Santa Ynez Mountains, and the Pacific Ocean. The 460-square-mile study unit includes eight groundwater basins: Ojai Valley, Upper Ojai Valley, Ventura River Valley, Santa Clara River Valley, Pleasant Valley, Arroyo Santa Rosa Valley, Las Posas Valley, and Simi Valley (California Department of Water Resources, 2003; Montrella and Belitz, 2009). The SCRV study unit has hot, dry summers and cool, moist winters. Average annual rainfall ranges from 12 to 28 inches. The study unit is drained by the Ventura and Santa Clara Rivers, and Calleguas Creek. The primary aquifer system in the Ventura River Valley, Ojai Valley, Upper Ojai Valley, and Simi Valley basins is largely unconfined alluvium. The primary aquifer system in the remaining groundwater basins mainly consists of unconfined sands and gravels in the upper portion and partially confined marine and nonmarine deposits in the lower portion. The primary aquifer system in the SCRV study unit is defined as those parts of the aquifers corresponding to the perforated intervals of wells listed in the California Department of Public Health (CDPH) database. Public-supply wells typically are completed in the primary aquifer system to depths of 200 to 1,100 feet below land surface (bls). The wells contain solid casing reaching from the land surface to a depth of about 60-700 feet, and are perforated below the solid casing to allow water into the well. Water quality in the primary aquifer system may differ from the water in the shallower and deeper parts of the aquifer. Land use in the study unit is approximately 40 percent (%) natural (primarily shrubs, grassland, and wetlands), 37% agricultural, and 23% urban. The primary crops are citrus, avocados, alfalfa, pasture, strawberries, and dry beans. The largest urban areas in the study unit are the cities of

  8. ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY OF ROSA CANINA FLOWERS AGAINST SELECTED MICROORGANISMS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katarína Rovná

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Rosa canina flowers were screened against various plant pathogenic microbial strains to study the antimicrobial properties of the plant. Ethanolic and methanolic extracts of flowers were screened applying agar well diffusion method against two Gram-negative bacteria including Escherichia coli CCM 3988 and Pseudomonas aeruginosa CCM 1960 and three microscopic filamentous fungi strains Aspergillus niger, Fusarium culmorum and Alternaria alternata, respectively. The best antimicrobial effect of ethanolic extract of Rosa canina flowers was found against Pseudomonas aeruginosa and the best antimicrobial effect of methanolic extract of Rosa canina flowers was found against Escherichia coli.

  9. H10172: NOS Hydrographic Survey , Santa Rosa Sound, Florida, 1986-05-01

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has the statutory mandate to collect hydrographic data in support of nautical chart compilation for safe...

  10. H10209: NOS Hydrographic Survey , Santa Rosa Sound, Florida, 1986-05-02

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has the statutory mandate to collect hydrographic data in support of nautical chart compilation for safe...

  11. H10210: NOS Hydrographic Survey , Santa Rosa Sound, Florida, 1986-05-12

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has the statutory mandate to collect hydrographic data in support of nautical chart compilation for safe...

  12. H10207: NOS Hydrographic Survey , Santa Rosa Sound, Florida, 1986-04-23

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has the statutory mandate to collect hydrographic data in support of nautical chart compilation for safe...

  13. CRED REA Invertebrate Quantitative Assessments at Santa Rosa Bank, Marianas Archipelago, in 2005

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — To support a long-term NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program (CRCP) for sustainable management and conservation of coral reef ecosystems, from 3 - 9 October 2005,...

  14. CRED REA Invertebrate Quantitative Assessments at Santa Rosa Bank, Marianas Archipelago, in 2003

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — To support a long-term NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program (CRCP) for sustainable management and conservation of coral reef ecosystems, from 19 August - 30...

  15. CRED Towed-Diver Benthic Characterization Surveys at Santa Rosa Bank, Marianas Archipelago in 2005

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — To support NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program (CRCP) long-term goals for sustainable management and conservation of coral reef ecosystems, towed-diver surveys...

  16. Santa Rosa Island Final Range Environmental Assessment, Revision 1. Eglin Air Force Base, Florida

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-01

    because of their current abundance, dispersal mechanisms, and documented historical presence. Coyotes, red fox, feral cats , fire ants, and cactus...predators (e.g., feral cats , coyotes) from the area, thus reducing the chances of nest predation should nesting birds be flushed. Activities...include feral cat predation and loss of dune habitat from recreational foot traffic and storms. Beginning in 2004, Eglin’s Natural Resources

  17. Two-dimensional time dependent hurricane overwash and erosion modeling at Santa Rosa Island

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCall, R.T.; Van Theil de Vries, J. S. M.; Plant, N.G.; Van Dongeren, A. R.; Roelvink, J.A.; Thompson, D.M.; Reniers, A.J.H.M.

    2010-01-01

    A 2DH numerical, model which is capable of computing nearshore circulation and morphodynamics, including dune erosion, breaching and overwash, is used to simulate overwash caused by Hurricane Ivan (2004) on a barrier island. The model is forced using parametric wave and surge time series based on field data and large-scale numerical model results. The model predicted beach face and dune erosion reasonably well as well as the development of washover fans. Furthermore, the model demonstrated considerable quantitative skill (upwards of 66% of variance explained, maximum bias - 0.21 m) in hindcasting the post-storm shape and elevation of the subaerial barrier island when a sheet flow sediment transport limiter was applied. The prediction skill ranged between 0.66 and 0.77 in a series of sensitivity tests in which several hydraulic forcing parameters were varied. The sensitivity studies showed that the variations in the incident wave height and wave period affected the entire simulated island morphology while variations in the surge level gradient between the ocean and back barrier bay affected the amount of deposition on the back barrier and in the back barrier bay. The model sensitivity to the sheet flow sediment transport limiter, which served as a proxy for unknown factors controlling the resistance to erosion, was significantly greater than the sensitivity to the hydraulic forcing parameters. If no limiter was applied the simulated morphological response of the barrier island was an order of magnitude greater than the measured morphological response.

  18. Geomorphology and depositional subenvironments of Gulf Islands National Seashore, Perdido Key and Santa Rosa Island, Florida

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morton, Robert A.; Montgomery, Marilyn C.

    2010-01-01

    The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) is studying coastal hazards and coastal change to improve our understanding of coastal ecosystems and to develop better capabilities of predicting future coastal change. One approach to understanding the dynamics of coastal systems is to monitor changes in barrier-island subenvironments through time. This involves examining morphologic and topographic change at temporal scales ranging from millennia to years and spatial scales ranging from tens of kilometers to meters. Of particular interest are the processes that produce those changes and the determination of whether or not those processes are likely to persist into the future. In these analyses of hazards and change, both natural and anthropogenic influences are considered. Quantifying past magnitudes and rates of coastal change and knowing the principal factors that govern those changes are critical to predicting what changes are likely to occur under different scenarios, such as short-term impacts of extreme storms or long-term impacts of sea-level rise. Gulf Islands National Seashore was selected for detailed mapping of barrier-island morphology and topography because the islands offer a diversity of depositional subenvironments and because island areas and positions have changed substantially in historical time. The geomorphologic and subenvironmental maps emphasize the processes that formed the surficial features and also serve as a basis for documenting which subenvironments are relatively stable, such as the vegetated barrier core, and those which are highly dynamic, such as the beach and inactive overwash zones.

  19. CRED Cumulative Map of Percent Scleractinian Coral Cover at Santa Rosa Reef

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This map displays optical validation observation locations and percent coverage of scleractinian coral overlaid on bathymetry.

  20. CRED Towed-Diver Benthic Characterization Surveys at Santa Rosa Bank, Marianas Archipelago in 2003

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — To support NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program (CRCP) long-term goals for sustainable management and conservation of coral reef ecosystems, towed-diver surveys...

  1. CRED Towed-Diver Fish Biomass Surveys at Santa Rosa Bank, Marianas Archipelago in 2003

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Towed-diver surveys (aka. Towboard surveys) are conducted by the Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED) of the NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC)...

  2. Hydrodynamics and Marine Optics during Cold Fronts at Santa Rosa Island, Florida

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-01

    W). Moorings A (30.385° N) and B (30.384° N) are discussed in the text. The inset map shows the location of the study area ( circle ) and buoy 42003... circles are the sum of the average organic scattering and the predictions from LSOM (few) using the hydrodynamic forcing discussed in the text. The...Wollast, R., 2003. The Portugal coastal counter current off NW Spain: new insights on its biogeochemical variability. Progress in Oceanography, 56, 281

  3. Population Density, Poor Sanitation, and Enteric Infections in Nueva Santa Rosa, Guatemala.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jarquin, Claudia; Arnold, Benjamin F; Muñoz, Fredy; Lopez, Beatriz; Cuéllar, Victoria M; Thornton, Andrew; Patel, Jaymin; Reyes, Lisette; Roy, Sharon L; Bryan, Joe P; McCracken, John P; Colford, John M

    2016-04-01

    Poor sanitation could pose greater risk for enteric pathogen transmission at higher human population densities because of greater potential for pathogens to infect new hosts through environmentally mediated and person-to-person transmission. We hypothesized that incidence and prevalence of diarrhea, enteric protozoans, and soil-transmitted helminth infections would be higher in high-population-density areas compared with low-population-density areas, and that poor sanitation would pose greater risk for these enteric infections at high density compared with low density. We tested our hypotheses using 6 years of clinic-based diarrhea surveillance (2007-2013) including 4,360 geolocated diarrhea cases tested for 13 pathogens and a 2010 cross-sectional survey that measured environmental exposures from 204 households (920 people) and tested 701 stool specimens for enteric parasites. We found that population density was not a key determinant of enteric infection nor a strong effect modifier of risk posed by poor household sanitation in this setting.

  4. 2006 Florida LiDAR: Escambia, Santa Rosa, and Walton Counties

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — ESCAMBIA: The Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) LAS dataset is a survey of select areas within Escambia County, Florida. These data were produced for Dewberry and...

  5. CRED Towed-Diver Fish Biomass Surveys at Santa Rosa Bank, Marianas Archipelago in 2005

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Towed-diver surveys (aka. Towboard surveys) are conducted by the Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED) of the NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) as...

  6. Adoption of Angiomax at Christus Santa Rosa Medical Center decreases costs and increases satisfaction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Starin, Elvira

    2005-01-01

    Angiomax allows for easier post-percutaneous coronary intervention care and enhanced throughput and has become the gold standard of care in our institution. This article describes how Angiomax was brought into our hospital; the rationale and science to support its use; and the resulting patient and staff satisfaction, improved throughput, and cost savings.

  7. Preliminary geologic map of the Santa Barbara coastal plain area, Santa Barbara County, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minor, Scott A.; Kellogg, Karl S.; Stanley, Richard G.; Stone, Paul; Powell, Charles L.; Gurrola, Larry D.; Selting, Amy J.; Brandt, Theodore R.

    2002-01-01

    This report presents a new geologic digital map of the Santa Barbara coastal plain area at a compilation scale of 1:24,000 (one inch on the map = 2,000 feet on the ground) and with a horizontal positional accuracy of at least 20 m. This preliminary map depicts the distribution of bedrock units and surficial deposits and associated deformation underlying and adjacent to the coastal plain within the contiguous Santa Barbara and Goleta 7.5' quadrangles. A planned second version will extend the mapping westward into the adjoining Dos Pueblos Canyon quadrangle and eastward into the Carpinteria quadrangle. The mapping presented here results from the collaborative efforts of geologists with the U.S. Geological Survey Southern California Areal Mapping Project (SCAMP) (Minor, Kellogg, Stanley, Stone, and Powell) and the tectonic geomorphology research group at the University of California at Santa Barbara (Gurrola and Selting). C.L. Powell, II, performed all new fossil identifications and interpretations reported herein. T.R. Brandt designed and edited the GIS database,performed GIS database integration and created the digital cartography for the map layout. The Santa Barbara coastal plain is located in the western Transverse Ranges physiographic province along a west-trending segment of the southern California coastline about 100 km (62 mi) northwest of Los Angeles. The coastal plain region, which extends from the Santa Ynez Mountains on the north to the Santa Barbara Channel on the south, is underlain by numerous active and potentially active folds and partly buried thrust faults of the Santa Barbara fold and fault belt. Strong earthquakes that occurred in the region in 1925 (6.8 magnitude) and 1978 (5.1 magnitude) are evidence that such structures pose a significant earthquake hazard to the approximately 200,000 people living within the major coastal population centers of Santa Barbara and Goleta. Also, young landslide deposits along the steep lower flank of the Santa

  8. Santa and the moon

    CERN Document Server

    Barthel, Peter

    2011-01-01

    Happy end-of-the-year evening and night events provide good opportunities to explain the phases of the moon. The need for such moon phase education is once again demonstrated, through an investigation of illustrations on Santa Claus and Christmas gift wrap and in children's books, in two countries which have been important in shaping the image of Santa Claus and his predecessor Sinterklaas: The Netherlands and the USA. The moon on Halloween illustrations is also considered. The lack of knowledge concerning the physical origin of the moon phases, or lack of interest in understanding, is found to be widespread in The Netherlands but is also clearly present in the USA, and is quite possibly global. Definitely incomplete, but surely representative lists compiling both scientifically correct and scientifically incorrect gift wrap and children's books are also presented.

  9. Isaac Rosa contro la letteratura sulla guerra civile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paolo La Valle

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Nel 2007 Isaac Rosa pubblica ¡Otra maldita novella sobre la guerra civil! un libro che polemizza apertamente contro la moda dei romanzi sul passato spagnolo che ha invaso il mercato a partire dagli anni Duemila. Lo stesso Isaac Rosa è consapevole di essere egli stesso partecipe di un ampio processo di commercializzazione del passato e pertanto adotta uno stile autoriflessivo che lo induce a mettere in risalto le ingenuità della sua stessa opera.

  10. ROSA DAMASCENA OIL: AN ADJUNCTIVE THERAPY FOR PEDIATRIC REFRACTORY SEIZURES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. Ashrafzadeh MD

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available ObjectiveSeveral investigations have demonstrated that Rosa damascena has an inhibitory effect on the hypothalamus and on pituitary system reactivity in the rat; it has also been shown that the essential oil of Rosa damascena has significant antiepileptic effects on pentylentetrazole (PTZ induced seizures in rats. We aimed at assessing the effects of the essential oil of Rosa damascena when used as an adjunct treatment to treat children with refractory seizuresMaterials and MethodsIn this double-blind clinical trial, conducted as a pilot study between April 2004 and March 2005, we administered essential oil of Rosa damascena to sixteen children with refractory epilepsy as an adjunct therapy, and evaluated its effects.Results16 patients, age range 3-13 years, were enrolled; 56.3% (n=9 girls and 43.8% (n=7 boys. All has been under treatment for 3-6 weeks (baseline phase. They received either the essential oil or placebo for a period of 4 weeks and in between these periods, they took only their pre-existing antiepileptic drugs for two weeks (washout phase.The mean frequency of seizures in those using essential oil, showed significant decrease as compared to the controls using placeboes (p=0.00.ConclusionIt can be concluded that the essential oil of Rosa Damascena has beneficial antiepileptic effect in children with refractory seizures.Keywords:Rosa damascena, refractory epilepsy, children, oil.

  11. Efecto del extracto de óleo de rosa mosqueda (Rosa aff. Rubiginosa en la cicatrización de heridas cutáneas - Effect of rose mosqueda extract oil (Rosa aff. Rubiginosa in cutaneous wound healing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Duvaldo Eurides

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available ResumenSe utilizaron cuarenta y ocho ratones machos, de linaje "swis"separados en dos grupos de igual número para estudios de reparaciónde heridas cutáneas de 10,0 mm de diámetro en la región torácicadorsal con aceite de rosa mosqueta. Al grupo uno control (I se instiló diariamente solución fisiológica al 0,9%, en los animales del grupo en tratamiento (II, se instiló aceite de rosa mosqueta, durante 21 días. Fueron realizadas evaluaciones macroscópicas y mensuraciones de las heridas.SummaryForty eight male mices “swis” lineage separated in two groups with thesame number were utilized to study the tissue reparation of skinwounds with 10,0mm of diameter on thoracic dorsal region withRosehip oil. Physiologic solution 0.9% was instilled daily on controlanimals group (I and Rosehip oil on treated animals group (II.

  12. [Identification and analysis of genuine and false Flos Rosae Rugosae by FTIR and 2D correlation IR spectroscopy].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cai, Fang; Sun, Su-qin; Yan, Wen-rong; Niu, Shi-jie; Li, Xian-en

    2009-09-01

    The genuine and false Flos Rosae Rugosae (Flos Rosae Chinensis and Flos Rosa multiflora) were examined in terms of their differences by using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) combined with two-dimensional (2D) correlation IR spectroscopy. The three species were shown very similar in FTIR spectra. The peak of 1318 cm(-1) of genuine Flos Rosae Rugosae is not obvious but this peak could be found sharp in Flos Rosae Chinensis and Flos Rosa multiflora. Generally, the second derivative IR spectrum can clearly enhance the spectral resolution. Flos Rosae Rugosae and Flos rosae Chinensis have aromatic compounds distinct fingerprint characteristics at 1 617 and 1 618 cm(-1), respectively. Nevertheless, FlosRosa multiflora has the peak at 1612 cm(-1). There is a discrepancy of 5 to 6 cm(-1). FlosRosa multiflora has glucide's distinct fingerprint characteristics at 1 044 cm(-1), but Flos Rosae Rugosae and Flos Rosae Chinensis don't. The second derivative infrared spectra indicated different fingerprint characteristics. Three of them showed aromatic compounds with autopeaks at 1620, 1560 and 1460 cm(-1). Flos Rosae Chinensis and Flos Rosa multiflora have the shoulder peak at 1660 cm(-1). In the range of 850-1250 cm(-1), three of them are distinct different, Flos Rosae Rugosae has the strongest autopeak, Flos Rosae Chinensis has the feeble autopeak and Flos Rosa multiflora has no autopeak at 1050 cm(-1). In third-step identification, the different contents of aromatic compounds and glucide in Flos Rosae Rugosae, Flos Rosae Chinensis and Flos Rosa multiflora were revealed. It is proved that the method is fast and effective for distinguishing and analyzing genuine Flos Rosae Rugosae and false Flos Rosae Rugosae (Flos Rosae Chinensis and Flos Rosa multiflora).

  13. Post-test analysis of the ROSA/LSTF and PKL counterpart test

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carlos, S., E-mail: scarlos@iqn.upv.es [Departament d’Enginyeria Química i Nuclear, Universitat Politècnica de València, Camí de Vera, 14, València Spain (Spain); Querol, A., E-mail: anquevi@iqn.upv.es [Departament d’Enginyeria Química i Nuclear, Universitat Politècnica de València, Camí de Vera, 14, València Spain (Spain); Instituto de Seguridad Industrial, Radiofísica y Medioambiental, Universitat Politècnica de València, Camí de Vera, 14, València (Spain); Gallardo, S., E-mail: sergalbe@iqn.upv.es [Departament d’Enginyeria Química i Nuclear, Universitat Politècnica de València, Camí de Vera, 14, València Spain (Spain); Instituto de Seguridad Industrial, Radiofísica y Medioambiental, Universitat Politècnica de València, Camí de Vera, 14, València (Spain); Sanchez-Saez, F., E-mail: frasansa@etsii.upv.es [Departament d’Enginyeria Química i Nuclear, Universitat Politècnica de València, Camí de Vera, 14, València Spain (Spain); and others

    2016-02-15

    Highlights: • TRACE modelization for PKL and ROSA/LSTF installations. • Secondary-side depressurization as accident management action. • CET vs PCT relation. • Analysis of differences in the vessel models. - Abstract: Experimental facilities are scaled models of commercial nuclear power plants, and are of great importance to improve nuclear power plants safety. Thus, the results obtained in the experiments undertaken in such facilities are essential to develop and improve the models implemented in the thermal-hydraulic codes, which are used in safety analysis. The experiments and inter-comparisons of the simulated results are usually performed in the frame of international programmes in which different groups of several countries simulate the behaviour of the plant under the accidental conditions established, using different codes and models. The results obtained are compared and studied to improve the knowledge on codes performance and nuclear safety. Thus, the Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA), in the nuclear safety work area, auspices several programmes which involve experiments in different experimental facilities. Among the experiments proposed in NEA programmes, one on them consisted of performing a counterpart test between ROSA/LSTF and PKL facilities, with the main objective of determining the effectiveness of late accident management actions in a small break loss of coolant accident (SBLOCA). This study was proposed as a result of the conclusion obtained by the NEA Working Group on the Analysis and Management of Accidents, which analyzed different installations and observed differences in the measurements of core exit temperature (CET) and maximum peak cladding temperature (PCT). In particular, the transient consists of a small break loss of coolant accident (SBLOCA) in a hot leg with additional failure of safety systems but with accident management measures (AM), consisting of a fast secondary-side depressurization, activated by the CET. The paper

  14. MOTIVATION AND BARRIERS: perception of aged that they participate of groups of Third Age of Santa Cruz do Sul do Sul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Quélin Garske

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available This study has the objective to describe the reasons that take the aged ones to practice physical activities in the Third Age Groups and the barriers that hinder them. Thirty aged citizens were subject of this research. The methodological approaching was an exploratory descriptive study, in witch was applied a questionnaire about motivation and barriers for the physical activity practice. As result, it was evidenced that the motivation of the aged ones for physical activity practice is related to: To congregate and meet with other people; to feel itself carried through; to feel themselves mentally more alert and to improve and keep the health. As for the barriers, they exist, in diverse aspects: social, physical and psychic. Although they exist, for these aged ones it did not became something that completely hindered them to go to the group and to practice physical activities. In conclusion, although the difficulties that the aged ones find day after day, the motivation and the barriers are related to the perception of each one, which can become an important and definitive factor for the assiduity or desistance of these individuals in the third age group.

  15. Quality of life and its association with work, the Internet, participation in groups and physical activity among the elderly from the EpiFloripa survey, Florianópolis, Santa Catarina State, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marques, Larissa Pruner; Schneider, Ione Jayce Ceola; d'Orsi, Eleonora

    2016-12-22

    The study aimed to investigate the association between changes in social relations and physical activity on the quality of life of the elderly in the city of Florianópolis, Santa Catarina state, Brazil. Data on 1,197 elderly from two waves of the population and household survey, EpiFloripa Idoso, were analyzed. Multiple linear regression was performed to estimate association of social change variables and lifestyle on quality of life score (QoL; measured by CASP-16 Brazil, score can range from 0, which represents no QoL to 48, total satisfaction in all domains of CASP). The average QoL score in the sample was 37.6 (95%CI: 37.2; 38.1). The social relations that were associated with positive QoL score were to start to work, to continue to use the Internet, to start participating in religious or lifestyle groups, to remain and to become physically active, and for those who were physically active, but became inactive in the second wave. To remain living with family had a negative effect on QoL score for the elderly. Some changes in social relations had a positive effect on QoL, and results reaffirmed the importance of physical activity to healthy aging, since to pursue it in some of the waves was better than to remain inactive.

  16. Socialising Semiotic Mediation: Some Reflections on Rosa and Pievi's Paper

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Glaveanu, V.

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to reflect on the relation between social representations theory (SRT and a cultural psychological view of semiotics, as presented in Rosa and Pievi's paper (this issue. It is argued that a fruitful dialogue can be established between the two orientations, one that draws on similarities but also addresses and exploits several important conceptual differences. The article proceeds by outlining the areas in which SRT can be enriched by a semiotic account – such as incorporating a more clearly articulated theory of signs and unpacking further the role of mediated action and personal experience – as well as the ways in which the latter can benefit from engaging with the notion of social representations. Most of all, I propose that what a SRT-informed view of cultural psychology can offer us is a ‘socialized model of semiotic mediation', one that grounds the construction of knowledge at the level of different groups and communities and observes its dynamic evolution over time in close relation to these social milieus. The transformation of knowledge and its individual and social determinants are considered in detail by SRT researchers and can expand the rather narrow focus on sign, object and meaning in more traditional forms of semiotic analysis. In the end, some methodological reflections are offered and the existence of social representations as a phenomenon is affirmed beyond the realm of purely scientific construction.

  17. Effect of Rosa aromatherapy on anxiety before cardiac catheterization: A randomized controlled trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Atye Babaii

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Background and Objectives: Most patients experience moderate to severe anxiety before cardiac catheterization. This study aimed to investigate the effect of Rosa aromatherapy on anxiety before cardiac catheterization. Methods: In this randomized controlled trial, 60 patients who met the inclusion criteria were conveniently sampled and randomly allocated to the experimental and control groups. Patients in the control group received routine care. In the experimental group, patients received routine care and Rosa aromatherapy for eighteen minutes. The level of anxiety was measured immediately before, and after the treatment. Results: In the stages before and after the study, there were no significant differences between the two groups in the terms of the mean scores of state and total anxiety. However, the mean score of trait anxiety in the experimental group was significantly lower than the control group. Furthermore, there was no significant difference between pre- and post-treatment in both groups. Conclusion: Most of the patients experience moderate to severe anxiety before cardiac catheterization. The findings of this study demonstrate that aromatherapy, as administered in this study, is not beneficial.

  18. María Rosa Lojo, La musa ribelle. Il romanzo di Victoria Ocampo.

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    María Rosa Lojo, La musa ribelle. Il romanzo di Victoria Ocampo. Traduzione di Immacolata Forlano. Introduzione di Rosa Maria Grillo, (Salerno, Oèdipus, 2010, 187 pp., ISBN – 10 8873411352)di Camilla Cattarulla

  19. ROSA DAMASCENA OIL: AN ADJUNCTIVE THERAPY FOR PEDIATRIC REFRACTORY SEIZURES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Rakhshandeh

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available ObjectiveSeveral investigations have demonstrated that Rosa damascena has aninhibitory effect on the hypothalamus and on pituitary system reactivityin the rat; it has also been shown that the essential oil of Rosa damascenahas significant antiepileptic effects on pentylentetrazole (PTZ inducedseizures in rats. We aimed at assessing the effects of the essential oil ofRosa damascena when used as an adjunct treatment to treat children withrefractory seizuresMaterials and MethodsIn this double-blind clinical trial, conducted as a pilot study between April2004 and March 2005, we administered essential oil of Rosa damascenato sixteen children with refractory epilepsy as an adjunct therapy, andevaluated its effects.Results16 patients, age range 3-13 years, were enrolled; 56.3% (n=9 girls and43.8% (n=7 boys.All has been under treatment for 3-6 weeks (baseline phase. They receivedeither the essential oil or placebo for a period of 4 weeks and in betweenthese periods, they took only their pre-existing antiepileptic drugs for twoweeks (washout phase.The mean frequency of seizures in those using essential oil, showedsignificant decrease as compared to the controls using placeboes (p=0.00.ConclusionIt can be concluded that the essential oil of Rosa Damascena has beneficialantiepileptic effect in children with refractory seizures.

  20. Estimation of hydraulic characteristics in the Santa Fe Group aquifer system using computer simulations of river and drain pulses in the Rio Bravo study area, near Albuquerque, New Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roark, D.M.

    2001-01-01

    In 1997, the U.S. Geological Survey conducted a hydrologic investigation of the surface-water/ground-water interaction of the Rio Grande and the surrounding alluvium and the Santa Fe Group aquifer system in an area near the Rio Bravo Bridge, south of Albu- querque, New Mexico. A set of existing wells and new wells were instrumented to monitor water levels in a section perpendicular to the Rio Grande on the east side of the river. Equipment to measure stream stage was installed at two sites--on the Albuquerque Riverside Drain and on the Rio Grande. A short-duration river pulse and a long-duration river pulse were used to stress the ground-water system while the changes in water levels were monitored. A ground- water flow-model simulation using the principle of superposition was used to estimate the hydraulic characteristics of the local ground-water system. Simulated horizontal hydraulic conductivities varied from 0.03 to 100 feet per day, and vertical hydraulic conductivities varied from 1.5 x 10-6 to 0.01 foot per day. The specific yield of layer 1 was estimated to be 0.3. Specific storage for layers 2 through 11 was 1.0 x 10-6. Water entering the model from the river along a 300-foot-wide cross section during simulation of the short-duration pulse averaged 7.46 x 10-3 cubic foot per second and during the long-duration pulse was 1.66 x 10-3 cubic foot per second. The average flux from the model to the drain during the short-duration pulse was 3.18 x 10-3 cubic foot per second. The average flux for the long-duration pulse was 7.14 x 10-3 cubic foot per second from the drain to the model.

  1. Morphological and micromorphological study within the taxonomical complex section Caninae, subsection Caninae, Rosa canina L.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nargess Fatemi

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available In this study, the morphological and micromorphological characters in form-series of species Rosa canina were considered. In this species, it is difficult to find constant morphological features due to its wide distribution and high potential for hybridization with other species of this genus. Therefore, 30 morphological and 31 micromorphological characters were studied. Regarding high variable of features specially four characters indumentum leaflet, pedicle, glandular leaflet and pedicle, this species was classified into 8 groups. Anatomical, micromorphological and statistical studies with SPSS and NTsysb softwares showed that these characters were valuable to separate these form-series from each other.

  2. Santa Fe County 2000 Census Block Groups

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — TIGER, TIGER/Line, and Census TIGER are registered trademarks of the Bureau of the Census. The Redistricting Census 2000 TIGER/Line files are an extract of selected...

  3. Santa Fe County 1990 Census Block Groups

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — This data set is a vector polygon digital data structure taken from the Census Bureau's TIGER/Line Files, 1994, for New Mexico. The source software used was ARC/INFO...

  4. Santa Fe County 2010 Census Block Groups

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — The TIGER/Line Files are shapefiles and related database files (.dbf) that are an extract of selected geographic and cartographic information from the U.S. Census...

  5. Variações da dentogênese em indivíduos do grupo pré-histórico de Santana do Riacho, Lagoa Santa, Minas Gerais Variations in tooth formation in individuals from a prehistorical group in Santana do Riacho, Lagoa Santa, Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sheila M. de Souza

    1993-01-01

    Full Text Available A artigo discute as variações da dentogênese, e sua repercussão sobre a estimativa de idade em amostras arqueológicas. Um exemplo aqui descrito, proveniente da amostra da população primeva de Lagoa Santa encontrada no abrigo de Santana do Riacho, em Minas Gerais, Brasil, sugere a necessidade de mais estudos sobre padrões de crescimento e maturação dentária em populações indígenas da América do Sul.This article discusses variations in dentogenesis and their consequences when estimating age in archaeological samples. One example described here, taken from a sample of a Lagoa Santa primeval population found in the Santana do Riacho rock shelter in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil, suggests a need for more research concerning patterns of dental growth and maturation in South American indigenous populations.

  6. Pollen morphology of Polish native species of the Rosa genus (Rosaceae and its relation to systematics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dorota Wrońska-Pilarek

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available The morphology of pollen grains of 16 species from the Rosa L. genus were studied (i.e. R. agrestis, R. canina, R. dumalis, R. gallica, R. inodora, R. jundzillii, R. kostrakiewiczii, R. majalis, R. micrantha, R. mollis, R. pendulina, R. rubiginosa, R. sherardii, R. tomentosa, R. villosa, and R. zalana. The material came from 16 native localities of those species in Poland. The measurements are based on at least 30-50 randomly selected, fully developed pollen grains per specimen. In total, 500 pollen grains were examined. They were analysed for 13 quantitative features of pollen grains and exine sculpturing and the following qualitative traits: outline, shape, "operculum" structure. The diagnostic features of pollen grains of studied species were: length of polar and equatorial axes and length of ectocolpi. The above-mentioned pollen grain morphological features make isolation of one species possible: R. gallica. R. gallica is distinguished for its highest values of the length of polar and equatorial axes, and the length of ectocolpi. The obtained analytical results of operculum and exine sculpture features, considered as diagnostic, corroborated only slightly their priority significance for the isolation of the examined species and sections. The collected data failed to confirm fully the current taxonomical division of the Rosa genus into sections (only section Gallicanae from R. gallica is isolated as well as consanguinity relationships between the examined species from the Caninae section. On the dendrogram, both species closely related with each other as well as those from other developmental lines were found in the same group. These equivocal results are by no means surprising because the Caninae section is the most polymorphic group in the Rosa genus, and contemporary Caninae are of the nature of a swarm of R. canina hybrids as a link combining all taxons of the section.

  7. Setenta anos depois: direitos autorais em Noel Rosa Seventy years later: Noel Rosa's copyrights

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel do Amaral Arbix

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Um regime ótimo de direitos autorais, ao tomar fundamento no estímulo ao desenvolvimento de novos bens intelectuais, depende de limites bem traçados. Este artigo procura aferir a funcionalidade desses direitos no que diz respeito a composições musicais, de sorte a avaliar, nesse campo específico, a maleabilidade da proteção aos direitos autorais e sua adequação à criação de novas obras. Para tanto, remete-se à experiência criativa de e sobre noel rosa, expoente do samba brasileiro. A marcada assunção de riscos por autores de obras derivadas, a formalização irregular das relações jurídicas entre titulares de direitos autorais e a profissionalização de determinados autores são constatadas como respostas diretas aos incentivos legais pertinentes. A incerteza decorrente dessas respostas expõe a dessintonia entre alguns dos objetivos das normas analisadas e seus efeitos práticos.An optimal copyright regime, based on fostering the development of new intellectual works, depends on well designed limitations. This article aims to analyze such rights' functionality with respect to musical works, in order to evaluate, in this field specifically, the flexibility of copyright protection and its adequacy for the creation of new works. To perform such task, the creative process of brazilian samba expert, noel rosa, is examined. A remarkable assumption of risks by derivative works' authors, the irregular formalization of legal relations between copyright owners and the profissionalization of certain authors are seen as direct answers to the legal incentives currently in force. The uncertainty derived from such answers exposes the tension between some of the analyzed norms' objectives and their actual effects.

  8. Miki ja Rosa hõivasid Tartu / Ants Juske

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Juske, Ants, 1956-

    2001-01-01

    Lühidalt viiest kunstinäitusest - Vaikust lõhestas vali kärgatus (Peeter Allik), Küla, mida on põletanud punased õhtud (Imat Suumann), Rosa Permanente (Ruth Huimerind), Miki-Hiire kirik (Erki Meister, Christer Hägglund), Aledoia (Andrus Joonas)

  9. Socialising Semiotic Mediation: Some Reflections on Rosa and Pievi's Paper

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Glaveanu, Vlad Petre

    2013-01-01

    This article aims to reflect on the relation between social representations theory (SRT) and a cultural psychological view of semiotics, as presented in Rosa and Pievi's paper (this issue). It is argued that a fruitful dialogue can be established between the two orientations, one that draws...

  10. The Rosa Parks "Myth": A Third Grade Historical Investigation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Landorf, Hilary; Lowenstein, Ethan

    2004-01-01

    This article describes how, by comparing multiple perspectives of the story of Rosa Parks and the Montgomery Bus Boycott, students can experience first-hand how different published accounts of the same event may contain different information. The author relates the lesson plan of Jennifer Morrow, a third-grade teacher at Coral Ridge Elementary…

  11. Miki ja Rosa hõivasid Tartu / Ants Juske

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Juske, Ants, 1956-2016

    2001-01-01

    Lühidalt viiest kunstinäitusest - Vaikust lõhestas vali kärgatus (Peeter Allik), Küla, mida on põletanud punased õhtud (Imat Suumann), Rosa Permanente (Ruth Huimerind), Miki-Hiire kirik (Erki Meister, Christer Hägglund), Aledoia (Andrus Joonas)

  12. Santa Maria Volcano, Guatemala

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-01-01

    The eruption of Santa Maria volcano in 1902 was one of the largest eruptions of the 20th century, forming a large crater on the mountain's southwest flank. Since 1922, a lava-dome complex, Santiaguito, has been forming in the 1902 crater. Growth of the dome has produced pyroclastic flows as recently as the 2001-they can be identified in this image. The city of Quezaltenango (approximately 90,000 people in 1989) sits below the 3772 m summit. The volcano is considered dangerous because of the possibility of a dome collapse such as one that occurred in 1929, which killed about 5000 people. A second hazard results from the flow of volcanic debris into rivers south of Santiaguito, which can lead to catastrophic flooding and mud flows. More information on this volcano can be found at web sites maintained by the Smithsonian Institution, Volcano World, and Michigan Tech University. ISS004-ESC-7999 was taken 17 February 2002 from the International Space Station using a digital camera. The image is provided by the Earth Sciences and Image Analysis Laboratory at Johnson Space Center. Searching and viewing of additional images taken by astronauts and cosmonauts is available at the NASA-JSC Gateway to

  13. ciudad de Santa Marta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier Alfredo Ferreira Ospino

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Esta investigación evalúa los resultados de un programa de Formación en Derechos con madres comunitarias para la solución de conflictos en la Comuna Ocho de la ciudad de Santa Marta. El programa buscó el desarrollo de la capacidad de análisis y discernimiento para la toma de decisiones, que les permitan participar activamente en la solución de problemas de la comunidad, tendientes a mejorar las condiciones de vida de los miembros de la ésta. El proyecto se enmarca en un diseño de investigación cuasiexperimental con grupo control y medida pre y post, de forma que puedan medirse no sólo los resultados del programa, sino su efectividad para la resolución de conflictos en la comunidad. Se utilizó el cuestionario adaptado a la Teoría de Rahim y otros autores de la teoría del conflicto con el fin de determinar la manera como se resuelven los conflictos en la comunidad. Esta investigación se centró en demostrar objetivamente la efectividad del programa y las diferencias deliberativas y discursivas más relevantes entre los sujetos que recibieron formación en derechos.

  14. Biometric analysis of interspecific hybrids between Rosa canina L. and Rosa rubiginosa L. (section Caninae DC. em. Christ.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Sołtys-Lelek

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The article presents the biometric analysis of selected morphological features of interspecies hybrid Rosa canina L. × R. rubiginosa L. This hybrid was the result of spontaneous hybridization between the two species falling into section Caninae DC. em. Christ. So far, it has not been studied in terms of morphological characteristics, in particular with respect to the parental forms.

  15. Controle de surto de meningite meningocócica do sorogrupo C no Município de Corupá, Santa Catarina, Brasil, com ações rápidas e efetivas de vigilância epidemiológica e imunização Control of a community outbreak of group C meningococcal meningitis in Corupá, Santa Catarina State, Brazil, based on rapid and effective epidemiological surveillance and immunization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rubens Carlos Bassani Puricelli

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available No ano de 2001, num período de sete dias, em município de pequeno porte localizado na região norte de Santa Catarina, Brasil, foram registrados oito casos de doença meningocócica entre adolescentes e adultos jovens, correspondendo a uma taxa de ataque de 367,5 casos/100 mil habitantes deste segmento populacional. Exames laboratoriais identificaram o meningococo do sorogrupo C em três dos oito casos, o que permitiu utilizar, de acordo com os critérios estabelecidos pelo Ministério da Saúde do Brasil, a estratégia do bloqueio vacinal anti-C para o controle do agravo naquela população sob risco. A vacinação foi levada a todas as pessoas maiores de dois anos de idade, residentes no município. A ausência de casos da doença meningocócica naquela comunidade nos 12 meses após o bloqueio vacinal sinaliza para a importância da pronta intervenção no controle de surtos pela enfermidade.In 2001, an outbreak of eight cases of meningococcal disease within seven days occurred in a small municipality in northern Santa Catarina State, Brazil. All cases occurred in adolescents and young adults, corresponding to an attack rate of 367.5 cases per 100,000 inhabitants in this population group. Laboratory tests identified serogroup C meningococcus in three out of eight cases. This led to vaccination of all inhabitants in the municipality over two years of age against serogroup C meningococcus ­ an outbreak control strategy recommended by the Brazilian Ministry of Health. The absence of new cases during a 12-month period after vaccination indicates the importance of this type of intervention in disease control.

  16. Modernization projects in Santa Maria e Garona; Proyectos de modernizacion en Santa Maria de Garona

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marcos, R.; Alutiz, J. I.; Garcia Sanchez, M.

    2011-07-01

    This article shows a vision of the Santa Maria de Garona power Plant modernization guidelines and it also presents the most significant projects deployed in the last decade at the power plant grouped in mechanics projects, electrical projects, instrumentations projects and IT projects. At the same time three projects are explained in more detail: the change of one of the main transformers, the evolution from paper recorders to paperless video graphic recorders and the new plant data information system. (Author)

  17. Variações da dentogênese em indivíduos do grupo pré-histórico de Santana do Riacho, Lagoa Santa, Minas Gerais Variations in tooth formation in individuals from a prehistorical group in Santana do Riacho, Lagoa Santa, Minas Gerais, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Souza, Sheila M

    1993-01-01

    A artigo discute as variações da dentogênese, e sua repercussão sobre a estimativa de idade em amostras arqueológicas. Um exemplo aqui descrito, proveniente da amostra da população primeva de Lagoa Santa encontrada no abrigo de Santana do Riacho, em Minas Gerais, Brasil, sugere a necessidade de mais estudos sobre padrões de crescimento e maturação dentária em populações indígenas da América do Sul.This article discusses variations in dentogenesis and their consequences when estimating age in ...

  18. Chemical Analysis of Dietary Constituents in Rosa roxburghii and Rosa sterilis Fruits

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meng-Hua Liu

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Both Rosa roxburghii and R. sterilis, belonging to the Rosaceae, are endemic species in Guizhou Province, China. The fruits of these two species are mixed-used as functional food in the region. Aiming to elucidate the phytochemical characteristics of R. roxburghii and R. sterilis fruits, the essential oils and constituents in a methanol extract have been analyzed and compared by GC-MS and UFLC/Q-TOF-MS, respectively. As a result, a total of 135 volatile compounds were identified by GC-MS and 91 components were different between R. roxburghii and R. sterilis fruits; a total of 59 compounds in methanol extracts were identified by UFLC/Q-TOF-MS, including 13 organic acids, 12 flavonoids, 11 triterpenes, nine amino acids, five phenylpropanoid derivatives, four condensed tannins, two stilbenes, two benzaldehyde derivatives and one benzoic acid derivative; and nine characteristic compounds were found between R. roxburghii and R. sterilis fruits. This systematic study plays an important role for R. roxburghii and R. sterilis fruits in the product development.

  19. Biological and molecular detection of Hibiscus chlorotic ringspot virus infecting Hibiscus rosa-sinensis in Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reza POURRAHIM

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available During 2011, ten leaf samples of Hibiscus rosa-sinensis with virus-like symptoms including diffuse mottling, numerous chlorotic spots and chlorotic ring spots, were collected from Guilan province, North Iran. The results of mechanical inoculation of sap from these leaves onto different indicator hosts showed local lesions (chlorotic or necrotic on Gompherena globosa, Chenopodium amaranticolor, C. quinoa and Gossypium hirsutum, while Hibiscus cannabinus (kenaf showed systemic chlorotic ring spot symptoms. Purified preparations of the isolated virus contained isometric particles approximately 28–30 nm in diameter. A specific band of about 1.3 kb was amplified from all symptomatic leaves using Hibiscus chlorotic ringspot virus (HCRSV specific primers. Comparative sequence analysis revealed that the IRN.HCRSV (JX865593 isolate shared the greatest nucleotide sequence identity (96.5% with NC-003608 (Singapore and the least nt sequence identity (91.5% with DQ392986 (Taiwan isolates. The phylogenetic tree showed at least two subgroups for HCRSV isolates in which the Iranian isolate was grouped with Singapore HCSRV (NC-003608. This is the first report of HCRSV in H. rosa-sinensis in Iran.

  20. Remarks on Consistent Development of Plant Nodalizations: An Example of Application to the ROSA Integral Test Facility

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Freixa

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Experimental results obtained at integral test facilities (ITFs are used in the validation process of system codes for the transient analyses of light water reactors (LWRs. The expertise and guidelines derived from this work are later applied to transient analyses of nuclear power plants (NPPs. However, the boundary conditions at the NPPs will always differ from those at the ITF, and hence, the soundness of the ITF model needs to be maximized. An unaltered ITF nodalization should prove to be able to simulate as many tests as possible, before any conclusion is derived to NPP analyses. The STARS group at the Paul Scherrer Institut (PSI actively participates in several international programs, where ITFs are being used (e.g., ROSA, PKL. Several tests carried out at the ROSA large-scale test facility operated by the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA have been simulated in recent years by using the United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission (US-NRC system code TRACE. In this paper, 5 different posttest analyses are presented, along with the evolution of the employed TRACE nodalization and the process followed to track the consistency of the nodalization modifications. The ROSA TRACE nodalization provided results in a reasonable agreement with all 5 experiments.

  1. Santa Claus ’Names

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    寒冰

    2005-01-01

    A ustria—Christkind Belgium and the N etherlands—N oel Saint Nicholas C hristkind and Black Pete Brazil—Papa;N oel D enm ark—Julinisse England—Father Christm as Finland—O ld M an C hristm asFrance—Pere N oel or le Petit Germ any—K riss Kringle Christkind or Saint N icholas Italy—B efana Japan—Santa K urohsu M exico—Three Kings Poland—Star M an or W ise M en Spain—Three Kings R ussia—B asbouschka ?Santa Claus ’Names@寒冰

  2. La vita vera: note su Rosa Luxemburg

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clotilde Barbarulli

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Rosa Luxemburg was a political theorist of the working class movement and the leader of German Social Democracy. Altough she was deeply involved in the political events of her period, in the context of that inhuman and exploiting society, Rosa never resigned the pursuit of happiness. From her prison, where she was confined many times because of her involvement in the propaganda against the war, she continued to speak about the importance to be and remain humans. So, while she goes with studying botany, she likes to look at the clouds and the lovely titmice from the window of her cell. She knows she may venture her life, if necessary, but she feels the possible death thought as nothing more than a «pensiero atroce» (a nasty thought.

  3. On the excretory system of the rotifer Habrotrocha rosa Donner.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schramm, U

    1978-06-08

    The excretory system of Habrotrocha rosa consists of two protonephridia. From each of them seven tubules lead to a terminal organ, also called cyrtocyte. Its weir basket contains structures which resemble ciliary rootlets. The lumen of the excretory system is bordered by a syncytial layer of cytoplasm. Cells are only found in the upper region of the trunk, where the channel is twisted several times.

  4. Aromatherapy with Rosa Damascenes in Apnea, Bradycardia and Spo2 of Preterm Infants; a Randomized Clinical Trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saeideh Aghagoli

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Background  Apnea is one of the most common problems in preterm neonates. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of aromatherapy on the reduction of apnea, bradycardia, and Pulse Oximetry (SPO2 in premature infants. Materials and Methods In a clinical trial study, 60 preterm neonates randomly divided in two groups and exposed to aromatherapy with Rosa damascenes distillate or distilled water beside the routine treatment. In experimental group, two drops of 10% Rosa damascenes distillate was dropped on the pad eye in second day of birth at 6 Am. The intervention was repeated in 9 AM, 12 Am, 15 PM and 18 PM hours. A same condition applied for control group and distilled water was dropped on the pad eye. The number of apnea attacks, bradycardia and decrease in SpO2 compared between two groups using chi-square test, independent t-test and repeated measure test. Results The overall apnea attacks, bradycardia, and SPO2 in tree studied days were lower in intervention group than control group (0.47±0.13 vs. 2.6±0.41, 0.47±0.13 vs. 2.56±0.41 and 0.70±0.17 vs. 2.77±0.21, respectively. In addition, the repeated measurement test showed that the mean number of apnea attacks, decrease in heart pulse rate, and decrease in SpO2 was statistically lower in intervention group with aromatherapy than controls in first, second, third and sum of three days (P< 0.05. Conclusion Aromatherapy with Rosa damascenes distillate can reduce more and speedy the occurrence of apnea attacks, bradycardia and SPO2 in premature infants, along with other routine treatment.

  5. Rosa canina as an adjunctive treatment of asthma: A hypothesis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samin Hamidi

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Asthma is one of the most common chronic disorders and about 7% of the US population suffers from asthma. Initial response to allergy is associated with mediators like histamine, prostaglandin (PG D2 and leukotriene (LT C4. In asthmatic patients, 5-lipo-oxygenase (5-LO pathway produces more LTC4 than the healthy people. Also, pro-inflammatory factors like interleukin (IL-1, IL-6 and Tumor Necrosis Factor (TNF-α play a remarkable role in bronchoconstriction. The common asthma medications are associated with a number of unwanted side effects, especially throughout long term treatment. Herbal medication is an alternative treatment for asthma and the plants are rich sources of antioxidants that intensively reduce the activity of free radicals. Among several herbs, Rosa canina (RC is a potent anti-inflammatory remedy which contains a number of well-known antioxidants including vitamin C, quercetin, hesperidin, rutin and some other therapeutic compounds. The aim of this study was to review the scientific evidences supporting the probable influence of Rosa canina on asthma. Keywords: Asthma; Rosa canina; Anti-inflammatory

  6. Study of sedative, preanaesthetic and anti-anxiety effects of Rosa damascene herbal extract in comparison with diazepam in rat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rezaie A

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available "n Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE AR-SA MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:Arial; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} Background: Rosa damascene has a special role in the Iranian traditional medicine due to its sedative, anticonvulsant and analgesic effects. Regarding its alkaloid, flavonoid and other organic compounds, this plant has always been used to reduce nervousness and treat depression and chronic insomnia. In the present time, synthetic drugs with sedative and anxiolytic properties are used for such problems but due to their side-effects and economic issues, the significance of natural medicines with fewer side-effects is of interest. Considering the importance of sedative and anxiolytic effects of Rosa damascene, we decided to compare this plant with synthetic drugs of the same properties."n"nMethods: Two different groups of male Wistar rats received either Rosa damascene extract in doses of 150, 300, 450 mg/kg or Diazepam and dimethyl sulphoxide in doses of 1.2 mg/kg intraperitoneally 30 minutes before assessing the sleep duration, sedation and preanesthetic effects induced by intraperitoneal ketamine, 40 mg/kg. The anti-anxiety effect was evaluated by using an elevated plus maze and a rota rod."n"nResults: The results showed a meaningful increase in the period of sleep induced by Ketamine (P≤0.01 and also a meaningful

  7. CNOOC Cooperates with Santa Fe

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Cao Sanyong; Wang Keyu

    1997-01-01

    @@ China National Offshore Oil Corporatian (CNOOC) signed the Petroleum Contract for 15/34 Block in the Pearl River Mouth Basin of South China Sea and the Petroleum Contract for 23/28 Block in the Beibu Gulf of South China Sea with Santa Fe Resources Inc. of the United States in Beijing on January 16, 1997.

  8. Local smoke-free policy development in Santa Fe, Argentina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sebrié, Ernesto M; Glantz, Stanton A

    2010-04-01

    To describe the process of approval and implementation of a comprehensive smoke-free law in the province of Santa Fe, Argentina, between 2005 and 2009. Review of the Santa Fe smoke-free legislation, articles published in local newspapers and documentation on two lawsuits filed against the law, and interviews with key individuals in Santa Fe. Efforts to implement smoke-free policies in Santa Fe began during the 1990s without success, and resumed in 2005 when the provincial Legislature approved the first 100% smoke-free subnational law in Argentina. There was no strong opposition during the discussions within the legislature. As in other parts of the world, pro-tobacco industry interests attempted to block the implementation of the law using well known strategies. These efforts included a controversy media campaign set up, the creation of a hospitality industry association and a virtual smokers' rights group, the introduction of a counterproposal seeking modification of the law, the challenge of the law in the Supreme Court, and the proposal of a weak national bill that would 'conflict' with the subnational law. Tobacco control advocates sought media attention as a strategy to protect the law. Santa Fe is the first subnational jurisdiction in Latin America to have enacted a comprehensive smoke-free policy following the recommendations of the World Health Organization (WHO) Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. After 3 years of implementation, pro-tobacco industry forces failed to undermine the law. Other subnational jurisdictions in Argentina, as well as in Mexico and Brazil are following the Santa Fe example.

  9. 78 FR 8949 - 100th Anniversary of the Birth of Rosa Parks

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-06

    ... we mark the 100th anniversary of Rosa Parks's birth, we celebrate the life of a genuine American hero... movement that advanced our journey toward justice and equality for all. Though Rosa Parks was not the first... Parks's story did not end with the boycott she inspired. A lifelong champion of civil rights,...

  10. Santa Paulina, reconquista a territorialidade

    OpenAIRE

    Nascimento, José do

    2006-01-01

    Dissertação (mestrado) - Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Centro de Filosofia e Ciências Humanas. Programa de Pós-Graduação em História Esta dissertação trata de um estudo sobre a relação entre turismo e religiosidade a partir do estudo de caso do Santuário de Santa Paulina do Coração Agonizante de Jesus, em Nova Trento, no período de 1991 a 2005. Foi adotado o método de História Oral com a participação de diferentes atores, destacando-se os peregrinos ou passantes mais comumente de...

  11. Silver Nano Scaffold Formation by Flowers of Hibiscus Rosa Sinensis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S.Shabana

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Hibiscusrosa sinensis grows for their showy flowers and are used as landscape shrubs. Hibiscusrosa sinensis also has too many medicinal properties. Flowers are rich in polyphenols, flavonoids and anthocyanins. Inourstudy the flower extracts of Hibiscus rosa sinensis has been used for the synthesis of silver nano scaffold formation and its reduction by the flowers. The synthesis of silver nanoparticles occurred under the exposure of the flower extract to 1mM (AgNO3, Silver nitrate aqueous solution. During this process the complete reduction of nanoparticles was observed nearly 48hours of reaction at 30°C under vigorous shaking conditions. The colour change is noted in the reaction mixture and observed during the process of incubation period, it may be due to the formation of the silver nanoparticles which are able to produce the colour in the reaction mixture may be due to their specific properties of surface Plasmon resonance. The colour change was made confirmed by visualization and the characterization by FT-IR, UV-Visible Spectroscopy. Thus we conclude that the reduction process and capping may be having occurred due to the presence of many flavonoids, terpenoids, anthocyanins, some aminoacids and proteins. In conclusion, Hibiscus rosa sinensis flower extract appears capable of forming silver nanoparticles. It can be concluded that, Hibiscus rosa sinensis flower extract was able to form the silver nano scaffold and may be probably due to its antioxidants potential, some flavonoids, terpenes etc. This study is a preliminary effort and requires further investigation at different levels.

  12. Comparative Analysis of the Properties of Acid-Base Indicator of Rose (Rosa setigera), Allamanda (Allamanda cathartica), and Hibiscus (Hibiscus rosa-sinensis) Flowers

    OpenAIRE

    Okoduwa, Stanley I. R.; Mbora, Lovina O.; Adu, Matthew E.; Ameh A. Adeyi

    2015-01-01

    The need to develop effective alternative for synthetic indicators is the demand of present-day chemistry. The acid-base indicator properties of Rose (Rosa setigera), Allamanda (Allamanda cathartica), and Hibiscus (Hibiscus rosa-sinensis) flowers were examined. Colour pigments were extracted from the flowers via cold and solvent extraction using soxhlet extractor. The pH value of the extracts with wavelengths of absorption was determined using ultraviolet spectrophotometer. From the results o...

  13. 2009 Santa Fe Bone symposium.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewiecki, E Michael; Bilezikian, John P; Laster, Andrew J; Miller, Paul D; Recker, Robert R; Russell, R Graham G; Whyte, Michael P

    2010-01-01

    Osteoporosis is a common skeletal disease with serious clinical consequences because of fractures. Despite the availability of clinical tools to diagnose osteoporosis and assess fracture risk, and drugs proven to reduce fracture risk, it remains a disease that is underdiagnosed and undertreated. When treatment is started, it is commonly not taken correctly or long enough to be effective. Recent advances in understanding of the regulators and mediators of bone remodeling have led to new therapeutic targets and the development of drugs that may offer advantages over current agents in reducing the burden of osteoporotic fractures. Many genetic factors that play a role in the pathogenesis of osteoporosis and metabolic bone disease have now been identified. At the 2009 Santa Fe Bone Symposium, held in Santa Fe, New Mexico, USA, the links between advances in genetics, basic bone science, recent clinical trials, and new and emerging therapeutic agents were presented and explored. Socioeconomic challenges and opportunities in the care of osteoporosis were discussed. This is a collection of medical essays based on key presentations at the 2009 Santa Fe Bone Symposium.

  14. German tradition heritage in Guimarães Rosa's literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivan Cláudio Pereira Siqueira

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Die Nähe zwischen Musik, Philosophie und Literatur in der deutschen Tradition und in ihren Methoden faszinierte João Guimarães Rosa zutiefst. Aus dem deutschen Beispiel heraus entwickelte er seine Methodenlehre der Organisation der brasilianischen traditionellen Lieder. Dieser Artikel diskutiert die allgemeine Wirkung der musikalischen Schreibtechniken in ausgewählten Kurzgeschichten aus dem Band Sagarana: In „O burrinho pedrês" und „Sarapalha" wird der Einfluss von Heideggers Philosophie diskutiert bei gleichzeitiger Berücksichtigung vom Wagnerischen Konzept des Grundmotiven: In „A hora e a vez de Augusto Matraga" werden die Beziehungen zu Wagners Parsifal analysiert.

  15. Rosa damascena Mill. Essential Oil Has Protective Effect Against Testicular Damage in Diabetic Rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamedi, Somayeh; Shomali, Tahoora; Haghighat, Aliakbar

    2017-08-09

    This study investigates the protective effect of Rosa damascena essential oil on diabetes-induced testicular damage in rats. Thirty-six male Wistar rats were randomly divided into 6 equal groups: Group I: negative control (no treatment); Group II: positive control (diabetic by alloxan injection); Groups III-VI that rendered diabetic and received, respectively, 50, 100, 200, and 400 µg/kg/day rose oil, orally for 28 days. Rose oil did not significantly change body weight and blood glucose level as compared to positive control. Serum testosterone level of rose oil-treated rats remained statistically the same with both negative and positive control groups (Groups I and II). Rats treated with rose oil especially at 2 higher dosages (Groups V and VI) had higher sperm count and increased diameters of seminiferous tubules as compared to Group II. Rose oil even at the lowest dosage significantly increased cell count of spermatogonia, primary spermatocytes, Sertoli cells, and Leydig cells, with better outcomes for higher dosages. It appears that short-term repeated dose administration of rose oil can dose-dependently improve structural deteriorations of testes and epididymal sperm count in diabetic rats.

  16. South Fork of the Santa Clara River, Santa Clarita Valley, California. Supplement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-01-01

    Santa Eriodictyon trichocalyx Eucrypta Eucrypta chrysanthemifolia LAMIACEAE Purple Sage Salvia leucophylla PAEONIACEAE Peony Paeonia californica...Bush Lupine Lupinus ex-cubitus HYDROPHYLLACEAE Yerba Santa Eriodictyon trichocaLx Eucrypta Eucrypta chrysanthemifolia LAMIACEAE Purple Sage Salvia

  17. Liver Ameliorative Effects of the Hydroalcohol Extract of Rosa canina L. Fruit against Ischemic Acute Renal Failure-induced Hepatic Damage in Wistar Rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. Gholampour

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Recent studies have shown remote effects of renal Ischemia/Reperfusion (I/R injury on the liver. Furthermore, I/R injury is correlated with the generation of Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS. This study investigated the effect of Rosa canina on the hepatic dysfunction and histological damage induced by renal ischaemia/ reperfusion at an early stage. There were three groups (n = 10, in which rats received orally 7 days before induction of ischemia, extract of Rosa canina (500 mg kg-1 in RC+I/R group and distilled water in I/R group. In sham group, the renal arteries were not occluded and distilled water was administered orally 7 days before surgery. Renal ischemia was induced by both renal arteries occlusion for 45 min followed by 24 h of reperfusion. Blood samples were collected for biochemical analysis and finally liver samples were preserved for future histological examination. The renal ischaemic challenge resulted in major histological damages of the liver (pRosa canina exhibited a hepatoameliorative effect against renal ischemia/reperfusion-induced lesions.

  18. Fernando Rosas Pfingsthorn, Premio Nacional de Arte en Música 2006 Fernando Rosas Pfingsthorn, National Arts Prize in Music 2006

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmen Peña Fuenzalida

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo presenta un perfil de la actividad musical desarrollada por Fernando Rosas Pfingsthorn desde que inició su trayectoria en la década de 1950 hasta la actualidad. Se destaca su contribución en la dirección y creación de orquestas de cámara y la labor de proyección de estos conjuntos en el extranjero; la consolidación de programas académicos de formación de músicos; la promoción y apoyo a la fundación de orquestas juveniles e infantiles a lo largo de todo el país, y la participación en proyectos institucionales y privados de difusión musical, dirigidos a diversos públicos y materializados en temporadas de conciertos, festivales, programas de radio y de televisión, entre otros, gracias a una efectiva gestión culturalThis article is focused on the entire career of Fernando Rosas (born 1931 from its beginning in the decade of 1950, until the present day. During almost sixty years, Fernando Rosas has been known as conductor of chamber orchestras, many of which were created by him, and which became widely known throughout Chile and abroad thanks to his great capacity as organizer. He won the National Arts Prize in 2006 considering besides his outstanding achievements as head of academic programs for music students, his promoting and support of youth and children orchestras throughout the country, and his efficient organization of musical extension projects targeted to different audiences on both public and private basis. A significant growth of musical activity in Chile, in terms of concert seasons, music festivals, radio and television broadcasting, among others, is due to his effective leadership

  19. Impacto vial del túnel Santa Rosa en la Av. Próceres de la Independencia, SJL, Lima

    OpenAIRE

    Sotil Chávez, Andres; Chalco Condorhuamán, Karen Eugenia

    2014-01-01

    El presente artículo es un resumen del trabajo de investigación sobre la influencia de los proyectos de infraestructura vial en las  condiciones de tráfico de la intersección Av. Perú con la Av. Próceres de la Independencia ubicada en el distrito de San Juan de Lurigancho (SJL) en la ciudad de Lima, Perú. De esta manera, el articulo contiene la presentación del problema de estudio, considerando las condiciones y características de las intersecciones estudiadas; descripción del flujo vehicular...

  20. CRED REA Line Point Intercept Surveys of Benthic Parameter Assessments at Santa Rosa Bank, Marianas Archipelago in 2005

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — To support a long-term NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program (CRCP) for sustainable management and conservation of coral reef ecosystems, from 3 - 9 October 2005,...

  1. EDUCACIÓN AMBIENTAL CON ESTUDIANTES DE LA ESCUELA DE POLICIA RAFAEL REYES DE SANTA ROSA DE VITERBO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana Lizarazo Cely

    2015-12-01

    Para el desarrollo del proceso se tuvo en cuenta como enfoque el  “trabajo colaborativo/cooperativo que pone como estrategia la interacción  y la construcción colectiva de conocimiento, incentivando el aprendizaje haciendo, interactuando y compartiendo,”[1]. En este sentido, para la estrategia educativa se diseñó una secuencia de  actividades con orientación lúdica que fortaleció los temas trabajados, dinamizándose el proceso  con el grupo del semillero Educación y Gestión Ambiental  WAIRAUPTC-ESREY  generando toma de conciencia,  valores de respeto hacia el ambiente, participación activa, desarrollo de habilidades, destrezas, creatividad y trabajo en equipo en la construcción de estrategias y soluciones amigables con el ambiente, por parte de cada uno de los participantes.  Como resultados de este proyecto se tiene como evidencia archivos digitales dentro de los cuales se encuentra una cartilla digital, situada en la plataforma de la ESREY, videos y entrevistas de los participantes con los que se llevaron a cabo el proyecto.

  2. Insuficiencia renal aguda en pacientes de la Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos, Hospital Regional de Cuilapa, Santa Rosa, Guatemala

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ronald J. Ajcalon

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available La insuficiencia renal aguda, es una condición común en la Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos de Adultos (UCIA y probablemente una consecuencia de la enfermedad crítica que se asocia a resultados clínicos adversos, altos costos y una mortalidad de más del 50%, sobre todo si se requiere tratamiento de reemplazo renal. El objetivo fue determinar la incidencia de insuficiencia renal aguda en pacientes ingresados a la UCIA. El estudio fue prospectivo, longitudinal, observacional, en 101 pacientes ingresados en la UCIA del Hospital Regional de Cuilapa. Se diagnosticaron 101 pacientes durante el periodo de estudio con insuficiencia renal aguda represento el 27.4% del total de pacientes internados (368 en el servicio en un año. La incidencia de mortalidad en pacientes que requieren terapia de reemplazo renal y se encuentran en ventilación mecánica es del 100%. Del total de pacientes estudiados, según la escala Akin, se encontró que el 49.5% de los pacientes correspondían a grado II, aunque el grado I también fue frecuente (29%, y que el 22 % de los pacientes correspondían a grado III. La patología que mayormente se asoció al desarrollo de insuficiencia renal aguda fue sepsis grave con un 31%, seguido de pacientes sometidos a cirugía mayor e hipovolemia con el 21 y 18% respectivamente. Se halló una incidencia aumentada de insuficiencia renal aguda comparado con estadísticas internacionales, cuya etiología fue mayormente causada por procesos sépticos.

  3. Insuficiencia renal aguda en pacientes de la Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos, Hospital Regional de Cuilapa, Santa Rosa, Guatemala

    OpenAIRE

    Ronald J. Ajcalon

    2017-01-01

    La insuficiencia renal aguda, es una condición común en la Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos de Adultos (UCIA) y probablemente una consecuencia de la enfermedad crítica que se asocia a resultados clínicos adversos, altos costos y una mortalidad de más del 50%, sobre todo si se requiere tratamiento de reemplazo renal. El objetivo fue determinar la incidencia de insuficiencia renal aguda en pacientes ingresados a la UCIA. El estudio fue prospectivo, longitudinal, observacional, en 101 pacientes ing...

  4. Intervención paisajista en áreas degradadas-ecoparque Canteras de Mármol en Santa Rosa

    OpenAIRE

    Cóndor Bermeo, Juan Carlos

    2009-01-01

    El proyecto de tesis para intervención en áreas degradadas comprende dos etapas principales, la primera trata de definir una aproximación al concepto de paisaje, los diferentes elementos que lo componen e intervienen en su análisis, y reflexiones sobre el tema de la Arquitectura del paisaje con la estética del paisaje como herramienta importante para la creación de nuevos entornos capaces de ser: agradables, armónicos, acogedores, sostenibles, autosustentables y favorezcan a disminuir la...

  5. Rosa Luxemburg: revolução e democracia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabel Maria Loureiro

    1988-12-01

    Full Text Available Revolução e Terror andaram sempre de braços dados? Uma parcela significativa do que foi outrora a esquerda acredita que sim e propõe o fortalecimento da democracia como alternativa à revolução, vista como fonte do totalitarismo. Este artigo procura contribuir para esse debate, mostrando a alternativa revolucionária e democrática apresentada por Rosa Luxemburg. Para ela, a democracia não é um valor universal abstrato, mas justamente o resultado de um processo revolucionário em que as massas proletárias, atuando com irrestrita liberdade, lançam os fundamentos de uma "nova época". Entretanto, a revolução alemã, em que Rosa Luxemburg e Karl Liebknecht tiveram um papel central, fracassa e ambos são assassinados. Derrota que traça, de certa forma, o destino da Alemanha contemporânea.

  6. Micromorphology of Rosa rugosa Thunb. petal epidermis secreting fragrant substances

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aneta Sulborska

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The intensely fragrant flowers of the Rosa rugosa Thunb. have been applied in medicine, and food and cosmetic industries. The species is cultivated for production of rose essential oil (Oleum Rosae from its flowers. R. rugosa petals secrete the largest quantities of essential oil. The aim of the study was to identify the characteristics of the epidermis of both sides of the petal and to observe whether adaxial and abaxial epidermal cells can secrete essential oil. The investigations were conducted using light and scanning electron microscopy. The analyses were focused on petal thickness and characteristics of the mesophyll. The study has demon- strated that only adaxial epidermal cells form conical papillae covered by massive cuticular striae. The surface of the papillae displayed remnants of a secretory substance. In turn, the inner walls of the abaxial epidermal cells were flat and covered by a striated cuticle, which exhibited various striation patterns. Frarant substances stored under the cuticle caused local stretching thereof and disappearance of striation. The results of our observations allow a statement that the cells of the adaxial and abaxial epidermis of R. rugosa petals differ in terms of the structure and they secrete fragrant substances.

  7. CORÍN TELLADO Y LA NOVELA ROSA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Encarna Alonso Valero

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Resumen: Las novelas de Corín Tellado marcaron la vida de varias generaciones de mujeres y también de muchos hombres. Sufrió los reproches habituales a la novela comercial y de éxito, además del desprecio dedicado a la llamada novela rosa al ser considerada un género menor y fundamentalmente para mujeres. En este artículo nos proponemos analizar cómo con frecuencia ese tipo de juicios no son literarios sino sociales, juicios sociales denegados. Además, estudiaremos las novelas de Corín Tellado, que influyeron enormemente en la “educación sentimental” de las mujeres durante el franquismo, y analizaremos el modelo de mujer que presentan. Abstract: The novels of Corín Tellado marked the life of several generations of women, as well as of many men. She suffered the criticisms habitually levelled at commercially successful novels, especially the so-called novela rosa, or popular romance novel, because of its reputation as a minor genre aimed primarily at women. This paper aims to show that these judgments are often not literary but social. The paper will also examine Corín Tellado's novels, which greatly influenced the 'sentimental education' of women during the Franco regime, and we will analyze the models of woman that theses romances present.

  8. Active biomonitoring of heavy metal pollution using Rosa rugosa plants

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Calzoni, Gian Lorenzo [Dip. Biologia, Universita di Bologna, via Irnerio 42, 40126 Bologna (Italy)], E-mail: gianlorenzo.calzoni@unibo.it; Antognoni, Fabiana [Dip. Biologia, Universita di Bologna, via Irnerio 42, 40126 Bologna (Italy)], E-mail: fabiana.antognoni@unibo.it; Pari, Elena [Gruppo CSA-SpA, via al Torrente 22, Rimini (Italy)], E-mail: epari@csaricerche.com; Fonti, Paolo [Gruppo CSA-SpA, via al Torrente 22, Rimini (Italy)], E-mail: pfonti@csaricerche.com; Gnes, Antonio [ARPA - Agenzia Regionale Protezione Ambientale, Sez. Provinciale di Ravenna, via Alberoni 17, Ravenna (Italy)], E-mail: agnes@ra.arpa.emr.it; Speranza, Anna [Dip. Biologia, Universita di Bologna, via Irnerio 42, 40126 Bologna (Italy)], E-mail: anna.speranza@unibo.it

    2007-09-15

    The purpose of this work was to evaluate the quality of a rural area near Faenza (Italy) by using an active biomonitoring approach, i.e., by placing homogeneous individuals of the perennial shrub Rosa rugosa in different sites throughout the area. Further sites, within the city or its environs, were used for comparison. Soil and leaves of R. rugosa were analyzed for their heavy metal content. The total heavy metal pattern of leaves closely paralleled the pattern registered in soil, with the highest content (both in total and assimilable forms) at the site in the urban area, which is exposed to heavy traffic. Pollen quality (abortiveness and viability) was also tested as a potential indicator of pollution. Pollen abortiveness was strictly related to Pb levels in leaves, while viability was inversely related to leaf Cr content. Our results suggest that R. rugosa has the potential to be a good biomonitoring system. - Rosa rugosa leaves and pollen are - to different extents - suitable monitoring tools for heavy metal pollution.

  9. Carbon isotope geochemistry of the Santa Clara River

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masiello, Caroline A.; Druffel, Ellen R. M.

    2001-06-01

    The Santa Clara River is a prototypical small mountainous river, with a headwater height greater than 1000 m and a basin area smaller than 10,000 m 2. Although individual small mountainous rivers export trivial amounts of sediment and carbon to the ocean, as a group these rivers may export a major fraction (as much as 50%) of the total global river sediment flux [Milliman and Syvitski, 1992], making their geochemistry relevant the study of the ocean's carbon cycle. In addition, many small rivers export sediment in a few high flux events, causing massive, sporadic discharge of carbon onto coastal shelves, discharge conditions very different from those of large rivers. This class of rivers is an end-member of the river-ocean carbon exchange system,. opposite the Earth's largest river, the Amazon. The carbon mass and isotopic properties of the Santa Clara River are significantly different from previously studied large rivers. During the 1997-1998 winter, all Santa Clara carbon pools were old, with flux-weighted average Δl4C values of-428±76‰ for particulate organic carbon, -73±31‰ for dissolved organic carbon, and-644±58‰ for black carbon. The age of exported carbon is primarily due to the deep erosion of old soils and not to inclusion of fossil fuel carbon. Additionally, the δ13C signatures of exported carbon pools were high relative to terrestrial carbon, bearing a signature quite similar to marine carbon (average particulate organic carbon (POC) δ13C = -22.2±0.8‰). The Santa Clara's estuary is small and drains onto the narrow eastern Pacific coastal margin, exporting this old soil organic matter directly into the ocean. If the Santa Clara export patterns are representative of this class of rivers, they may be a significant source of refractory terrestrial carbon to the ocean.

  10. Bioactive compounds of Rosa canina L. biotypes from spontaneous flora of Republic of Macedonia

    OpenAIRE

    Kostik, Vesna; Bauer, Biljana

    2015-01-01

    The genus Rosa contains over 100 species that are widely distributed mostly in Europe, Asia, the Middle East and North America. Rosa canina L. (dog rose) is an erect shrub of up to 3.5 meters height, sometimes climbing; its branches are often curved or arched. Petals are white to pale pink, rarely deep pink and fruit ripens late. Information about the biology and biochemistry of Rosa canina L. has allowed a good documentation by presenting it in several ways (botanical, agro technical, chemi...

  11. Fungos, criptógamas e outros palinomorfos holocênicos (7908±30 anos AP-atual da Planície Costeira sul-catarinense, Brasil Fungi, cryptogams and other palynomorphs in the Holocene sediments of the South Coastal Plain of Santa Catarina, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Rodrigues Cancelli

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Neste estudo são apresentados os resultados palinológicos qualitativos equivalentes às análises paleoambientais realizadas em duas seções turfáceas na Planície Costeira sul do estado de Santa Catarina, nos municípios de Santa Rosa do Sul e São João do Sul. Uma amostra da base do testemunho de Santa Rosa do Sul foi datada (14C em 7908±33 anos AP, referente ao Holoceno inferior. A análise palinológica permitiu identificações taxonômicas, com descrições e ilustrações de 54 palinomorfos, relativos a fungos (21, algas (5, acritarcas (1, incertae sedis (1, briófitos (2, pteridófitos (15, pólen de gimnospermas (2, e outros palinomorfos (1 cápsula de briófitos, 4 fragmentos de invertebrados e 2 palinoforaminíferos indeterminados, cujos registros modernos expressam diferentes hábitos de vida. O trabalho tem como objetivos contribuir para o conhecimento dos vestígios da vegetação e táxons relacionados depositados na Planície Costeira sul-catarinense durante o Holoceno. As análises palinológicas conseguintes auxiliarão na interpretação dos paleoambientes e paleoclimas relacionados neste setor da costa brasileira.This paper presents the results of a palynological analysis carried out on two cores taken from the south Coastal Plain of the Santa Rosa do Sul and São João do Sul municipalities, in the state of Santa Catarina. A basal sample from the Santa Rosa do Sul core furnished a 14C age of 7908±33 yr BP, from the Lower Holocene. Palynological analysis of the material allowed for taxonomic identifications, and resulted in descriptions and illustrations of 54 palynomorphs related to fungi (21, algae (5, acritarchs (1, incertae sedis (1, bryophytes (2, ferns (15, gymnosperm pollen (2 and other palynomorphs (1 bryophyte capsule, 4 invertebrate fragments, and 2 indeterminate palynoforaminifers, which express different ecological patterns. This work aimed to contribute to the knowledge of the plant and fungal fossils

  12. Studies on Preservation of Rosa cvs and Rosa Xanthina Cut Flowers%月季、黄刺玫的切花保鲜剂

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李月华; 韩劲; 肖武

    2001-01-01

    本文对月季(Rosa cvs)和黄刺玫(Rosa xanthina)进行了鲜切花保鲜研究。结果表明,苯甲酸对月季鲜切花保鲜的效果优于柠檬酸;而5号保鲜液即4%蔗糖+150mg/L 8-羟基喹啉硫酸盐+40mg/L苯甲酸+20mg/L硝酸银效果最佳。保鲜液对黄刺玫效果不明显。%The focus of this article is preservation of Rosa cvs and Rosa xanthina cut flowers.Draw a conclusion,Benzoic acid's effect is better than Citrate acid's on the preservation of Rosa cvs;and the effect of 4% sucrose+150mg/L 8-Hydroxyquioline sulfate+40mg/L Benzoic acid +20mg/L silver nitrate

  13. [Structural organization of 5S ribosomal DNA of Rosa rugosa].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tynkevych, Iu O; Volkov, R A

    2014-01-01

    In order to clarify molecular organization of the genomic region encoding 5S rRNA in diploid species Rosa rugosa several 5S rDNA repeated units were cloned and sequenced. Analysis of the obtained sequences revealed that only one length variant of 5S rDNA repeated units, which contains intact promoter elements in the intergenic spacer region (IGS) and appears to be transcriptionally active is present in the genome. Additionally, a limited number of 5S rDNA pseudogenes lacking a portion of coding sequence and the complete IGS was detected. A high level of sequence similarity (from 93.7 to 97.5%) between the IGS of major 5S rDNA variants of East Asian R. rugosa and North American R. nitida was found indicating comparatively recent divergence of these species.

  14. Rose hip (Rosa canina L: A functional food perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cui Fan

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Rose hip (Rosa canina L. is the pseudo-fruit of the rose plant, which is widely known as a valuable source of polyphenols and vitamin C. Both in vivo and in vitro studies have demonstrated that this fruit exhibits anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and antiobesogenic activities. The health benefits of Rose hip (RH have been attributed to its wide range of bioactive compounds including the anti-inflammatory galactolipid: (2S-1,2-di-O-[(9Z,12Z,15Z-octadeca-9,12,15-trienoyl]-3-O-β-D galactopyranosyl glycerol (GOPO, vitamin C, phenolics, lycopene, lutein, zeaxanthin, and other carotenoids. As cyclooxygenase inhibitors, RH compounds may reduce the risk of cancer, heart disease, and various inflammatory conditions. The aim of this review is to present an overview of the functional, medical, and physiological properties of RH.

  15. Una aproximación al pensamiento de Rosa Luxemburgo

    OpenAIRE

    Slavin, Pablo E.

    2012-01-01

    ¿Por qué estudiar el pensamiento de Rosa Luxemburgo -1871-1919-, fallecida hace más de noventa años? ¿Qué importancia pueden tener las ideas de alguien que fue objeto de duras críticas entre sus contemporáneos compañeros de partido, e ignorada por los sectores ligados al comunismo a lo largo de todo el siglo XX? Polemista incansable, fue una de las mentes más brillantes que produjo el socialismo tras la muerte de Marx y Engels. No sólo tenía un gran conocimiento en materia de filosofía y polí...

  16. Una aproximación al pensamiento de Rosa Luxemburgo

    OpenAIRE

    Slavin, Pablo E.

    2012-01-01

    ¿Por qué estudiar el pensamiento de Rosa Luxemburgo -1871-1919-, fallecida hace más de noventa años? ¿Qué importancia pueden tener las ideas de alguien que fue objeto de duras críticas entre sus contemporáneos compañeros de partido, e ignorada por los sectores ligados al comunismo a lo largo de todo el siglo XX? Polemista incansable, fue una de las mentes más brillantes que produjo el socialismo tras la muerte de Marx y Engels. No sólo tenía un gran conocimiento en materia de filosofía y polí...

  17. Comparative analysis of headspace volatiles of Chinese Rosa rugosa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feng, Li-Guo; Chen, Chen; Sheng, Li-Xia; Liu, Ping; Tao, Jun; Su, Jia-Le; Zhao, Lan-Yong

    2010-11-16

    The floral headspace compounds of Chinese Rosa rugosa germplasms that were isolated by an automated headspace sampler with built-in trap, and followed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry for identification and quantification. Up to 33 volatile compounds were identified from the 23 rose germplasms, including nine alcohols, five esters, three alkanes, 10 terpenes, three aldehydes, two ketones, and one ether. The main floral components identified were 2-phenylethanol, β-citronellol, ethanol, and n-hexane. 'xizi', 'miaofengshan', 'xiangciguo', and 'tangbai' contained the highest amounts of 2-phenylethanol at 84.66 μg·g⁻¹, β-citronellol at 70.98 μg·g⁻¹, ethanol at 83.87 μg·g⁻¹, and n-hexane at 18.23 μg·g⁻¹, respectively. 'Rongchengyesheng', 'tanghong', 'xizi', 'miaofengshan', and 'baizizhi' could be considered good materials for extracting rose oil and breeding new cultivars.

  18. Research Note: Rosa Luxemburg and the Global Violence of Capitalism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul LeBlanc

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Rosa Luxemburg’s pungent honesty is evident in her critical-minded and ‘unorthodox’ analysis of the economic expansionism of imperialism that arose out of the accumulation of capital. Despite an idiosyncratic reading and critique of Marx’s Capital, she sought to defend and advance the revolutionary perspectives of classical Marxism. Criticisms and counterpoised analyses offered by Rosdolsky, Bukharin, Lenin, and Robinson have not diminished what are generally seen as brilliant contributions. Militarism, war, and inhumanity are perceived as essential to imperialism in her analyses, and imperialism is seen as central to the nature of capitalism. Luxemburg’s account of global economic development reflect impressive economic insight, historical sweep, and anthropological sensitivity that impress critics as well partisans.

  19. Fruit quality of dog rose seedlings (Rosa canina L

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zoran ŠINDRAK

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available A dog rose (Rosa canina L is one of the most widespread wild species of the genus Rosa in our country, and fairly represented in the natural, rural and even urban areas. Although in the world a dog roses are studied, cultivated and refined, in Croatia its cultivation almost does not exists. In nature you can see major differences between plants, especially considering the size of the fruit, often in very small habitats. The study was conducted at 8 rose dog bushes at about 1 ha of abandoned experimental field 'Jazbina' in Zagreb. From each plant, 120 fruits were randomly collected at a technological maturity. The average fresh fruit weight ranged from 1.88 to 2.96 g, the average fresh flesh portion from 65.4 to 74.7 % and the average dry flesh matter content (after drying at 105 °C, in relation to the fresh fruit weight, from 22.9 to 28.6 %. The length, width, thickness, and shape of the fruits were significantly different (P≤0.05. Since plants were grown in uniform climatic and edaphic conditions, it can be concluded that a relatively large phenotypic, and probably the genotypic variability of dog rose plants exists in such a small location. With the reasonable assumption that the Croatian territory has a lot of similar dog rose habitats, the results of this study indicate a rich genetic potential of dog rose, which could be used for initial selection of plants with superior characteristics intended to be introduced in cultivation.

  20. ROSA: a high cadence, synchronized multi-camera solar imaging system

    CERN Document Server

    Jess, D B; Christian, D J; Keenan, F P; Ryans, R S I; Crockett, P J

    2009-01-01

    Rapid Oscillations in the Solar Atmosphere (ROSA) is a synchronized, six camera high cadence solar imaging instrument developed by Queen's University Belfast. The system is available on the Dunn Solar Telescope at the National Solar Observatory in Sunspot, New Mexico, USA as a common-user instrument. Consisting of six 1k x 1k Peltier-cooled frame-transfer CCD cameras with very low noise (0.02-15 e/s/pixel), each ROSA camera is capable of full-chip readout speeds in excess of 30 Hz, or 200 Hz when the CCD is windowed. Combining multiple cameras and fast readout rates, ROSA will accumulate approximately 12 TB of data per 8 hours observing. Following successful commissioning during August 2008, ROSA will allow multi-wavelength studies of the solar atmosphere at high temporal resolution.

  1. Breeding of Hibiscus rosa-sinensis for garden use in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kuligowska, Katarzyna; Simonsen, Maria Boye; Lütken, Henrik Vlk

    2013-01-01

    -sinensis for increased chilling tolerance by conventional breeding is unlikely because there is a lack of genetic information in relation to this trait within this species. In the Hibiscus genus, cold hardiness is available, but only in a few species. Attempts to create cold tolerant Hibiscus plants resembling H. rosa......Hibiscus rosa-sinensis is an ornamental shrub in tropical and subtropical regions. Limitation of its use as an outdoor ornamental plant in a temperate climate is due to chilling sensitivity. Cold hardiness is a highly complex trait, involving multiple genes. Improvement of H. rosa......-sinensis suitable for Nordic climate have not been successful so far. In ornamental breeding wide hybridization is a major source of genetic variation, and can also be a promising approach to introgress cold hardiness in H. rosa-sinensis. The objective of the present study is to evaluate the possibilities...

  2. Breeding of Hibiscus rosa-sinensis for garden use in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kuligowska, Katarzyna; Simonsen, Maria Boye; Lütken, Henrik Vlk

    2013-01-01

    Hibiscus rosa-sinensis is an ornamental shrub in tropical and subtropical regions. Limitation of its use as an outdoor ornamental plant in a temperate climate is due to chilling sensitivity. Cold hardiness is a highly complex trait, involving multiple genes. Improvement of H. rosa......-sinensis for increased chilling tolerance by conventional breeding is unlikely because there is a lack of genetic information in relation to this trait within this species. In the Hibiscus genus, cold hardiness is available, but only in a few species. Attempts to create cold tolerant Hibiscus plants resembling H. rosa......-sinensis suitable for Nordic climate have not been successful so far. In ornamental breeding wide hybridization is a major source of genetic variation, and can also be a promising approach to introgress cold hardiness in H. rosa-sinensis. The objective of the present study is to evaluate the possibilities...

  3. Geïntegreerde bestrijding van rozenschildluis Aulacapsis rosae in roos

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pijnakker, J.; Leman, A.; Hennekam, M.

    2013-01-01

    In dit project is gekeken naar de bestrijdingsmogelijkheden van de rozenschildluis Aulacaspis rosae met insecticiden en met natuurlijke vijanden. Daarnaast werd de ontwikkeling van de plaag in de praktijk nauwkeurig vervolgd. Bij telers zijn twee spontaan optredende sluipwespen gevonden: Arrhenophag

  4. Enhanced Mission-Enabling Ultra-High Power Solar Array (Mega-ROSA EX) Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Mega-ROSA-EX is an enhanced, higher stiffness, higher sun-pointing accuracy, higher strength, higher specific power and even larger overall power / deployed size /...

  5. High-Performance Elastically Self-Deployed Roll-Out Solar Array (ROSA) Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Deployable Space Systems (DSS) has developed an ultra-lightweight elastically self-deployable roll-out solar array (ROSA) structural platform that when combined with...

  6. Santa Barbara Final Technical Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hacker, Angela; Hansen, Sherman; Watkins, Ashley

    2013-11-30

    This report serves as the Final Report for Santa Barbara County’s Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant (EECBG) BetterBuildings Neighborhood Program (BBNP) award from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). This report explains how DOE BBNP funding was invested to develop robust program infrastructure designed to help property owners complete energy improvements, thereby generating substantial outcomes for the local environment and economy. It provides an overview of program development and design within the grant period, program accomplishments and challenges to date, and a plan for the future sustainability of emPower, the County’s innovative clean energy and building efficiency program. During the grant period, Santa Barbara County’s emPower program primarily targeted 32,000 owner occupied, single family, detached residential homes over 25 years old within the County. In order to help these homeowners and their contractors overcome market barriers to completing residential energy improvements, the program developed and promoted six voluntary, market-based service areas: 1) low cost residential financing (loan loss reserve with two local credit unions), 2) residential rebates, 3) local customer service, 4) expert energy advising, 5) workforce development and training, and 6) marketing, education and outreach. The main goals of the program were to lower building energy use, create jobs and develop a lasting regional building performance market. These services have generated important early outcomes and lessons after the program’s first two years in service. The DOE BBNP funding was extended through October 2014 to enable Santa Barbara County to generate continued outcomes. In fact, funding related to residential financing remains wholly available for the foreseeable future to continue offering Home Upgrade Loans to approximately 1,300 homeowners. The County’s investment of DOE BBNP funding was used to build a lasting, effective, and innovative

  7. Anthelmintic Activities of Aporphine from Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn. cv. Rosa-plena against Hymenolepis nana

    OpenAIRE

    Rong-Jyh Lin; Mei-Hsuan Wu; Yi-Hsuan Ma; Li-Yu Chung; Chung-Yi Chen; Chuan-Min Yen

    2014-01-01

    Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn. cv. Rosa-plena (Nelumbonaceae), commonly known as lotus, is a perennial aquatic plant grown and consumed throughout Asia. All parts of N. nucifera have been used for various medicinal purposes in oriental medicine. From the leaves of Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn. cv. Rosa-plena (an aquatic plant), liriodenine (1), lysicamine (2), (-)-anonaine (3), (-)-asimilobine (4), (-)-caaverine (5), (-)-N-methylasimilobine (6), (-)-nuciferine (7), (-)-nornuciferine (8), (-)-roemeri...

  8. Anthelmintic Activities of Aporphine from Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn. cv. Rosa-plena against Hymenolepis nana

    OpenAIRE

    Lin, Rong-Jyh; Wu, Mei-Hsuan; Ma, Yi-Hsuan; Chung, Li-Yu; Chen, Chung-Yi; Yen, Chuan-Min

    2014-01-01

    Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn. cv. Rosa-plena (Nelumbonaceae), commonly known as lotus, is a perennial aquatic plant grown and consumed throughout Asia. All parts of N. nucifera have been used for various medicinal purposes in oriental medicine. From the leaves of Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn. cv. Rosa-plena (an aquatic plant), liriodenine (1), lysicamine (2), (-)-anonaine (3), (-)-asimilobine (4), (-)-caaverine (5), (-)-N-methylasimilobine (6), (-)-nuciferine (7), (-)-nornuciferine (8), (-)-roemerine (...

  9. Chemical composition, antimicrobial, antioxidant and cytotoxic activity of Rosa centifolia L. essential oil

    OpenAIRE

    Nikolić, Miloš; Isabel C. F. R. Ferreira; Calhelha, Ricardo C.; Ângela FERNANDES; Marković, Dejan; Marković, Tatjana; Ćirić, Ana; Glamočlija, Jasmina; Soković, Marina

    2013-01-01

    The genus Rosa comprises more than 200 species appreciated for their use in perfume and cosmetic industry. The aim of this study was to investigate chemical composition, antimicrobial, antioxidant and cytotoxic activities of Rosa centifolia L. essential oil, in an attempt to contribute to the use of this plant as alternative product for microbial control and cancer therapy. The results of GC/MS analysis showed the presence of 12 components. The major constituents were: phenyl ethyl alcohol (5...

  10. A modified RMCE-compatible Rosa26 locus for the expression of transgenes from exogenous promoters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tchorz, Jan S; Suply, Thomas; Ksiazek, Iwona; Giachino, Claudio; Cloëtta, Dimitri; Danzer, Claus-Peter; Doll, Thierry; Isken, Andrea; Lemaistre, Marianne; Taylor, Verdon; Bettler, Bernhard; Kinzel, Bernd; Mueller, Matthias

    2012-01-01

    Generation of gain-of-function transgenic mice by targeting the Rosa26 locus has been established as an alternative to classical transgenic mice produced by pronuclear microinjection. However, targeting transgenes to the endogenous Rosa26 promoter results in moderate ubiquitous expression and is not suitable for high expression levels. Therefore, we now generated a modified Rosa26 (modRosa26) locus that combines efficient targeted transgenesis using recombinase-mediated cassette exchange (RMCE) by Flipase (Flp-RMCE) or Cre recombinase (Cre-RMCE) with transgene expression from exogenous promoters. We silenced the endogenous Rosa26 promoter and characterized several ubiquitous (pCAG, EF1α and CMV) and tissue-specific (VeCad, αSMA) promoters in the modRosa26 locus in vivo. We demonstrate that the ubiquitous pCAG promoter in the modRosa26 locus now offers high transgene expression. While tissue-specific promoters were all active in their cognate tissues they additionally led to rare ectopic expression. To achieve high expression levels in a tissue-specific manner, we therefore combined Flp-RMCE for rapid ES cell targeting, the pCAG promoter for high transgene levels and Cre/LoxP conditional transgene activation using well-characterized Cre lines. Using this approach we generated a Cre/LoxP-inducible reporter mouse line with high EGFP expression levels that enables cell tracing in live cells. A second reporter line expressing luciferase permits efficient monitoring of Cre activity in live animals. Thus, targeting the modRosa26 locus by RMCE minimizes the effort required to target ES cells and generates a tool for the use exogenous promoters in combination with single-copy transgenes for predictable expression in mice.

  11. The SantaBot experiment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Søren Tranberg; Svenstrup, Mikael; Andersen, Hans Jørgen

    2009-01-01

    interactive mobile agents into public urban transit area. To investigate the hypothesis, an experiment was carried out using a robot capable of navigating autonomously based on the input of an onboard laser scanner. The robot would detect and follow random people, who afterwards were asked to fill out......The video shows how an autonomous mobile robot dressed as Santa Claus is interacting with people in a shopping mall. The underlying hypothesis is that it is possible to create interesting new living spaces and induce value in terms of experiences, information or economics, by putting socially...... a questionnaire for quantitative analysis of the experiment. The presented video is the corresponding video documentation of the experiment used in the evaluation. The results showed that people were generally positive towards having mobile robots in this type of environment where shopping is combined...

  12. Primer registro de Podosphaera pannosa (Ascomycota sobre Rosa canina en Argentina First record of Podosphaera pannosa (Ascomycota on Rosa canina in Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karen D. Lediuk

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Se cita por primera vez a Rosa canina L. como hospedador del oídio Podosphaera pannosa (Wallr. de Bary en Argentina. A pesar de desarrollarse sobre diferentes órganos de la planta (hojas, tallo y frutos este patógeno no parece afectar de manera apreciable el crecimiento del arbusto exótico.This is the first record of Rosa canina L. as a host of Podosphaera pannosa (Wallr. de Bary in Argentina. Although developed on different plant organs (leaves, stems and fruits this pathogen does not seem to affect appreciably the growth of the exotic shrub.

  13. 'Rosa mineira': novo cultivar IAC de ameixa pouco exigente de frio 'Rosa mineira': a new low-chilling requirement plum cultivar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mário Ojima

    1983-01-01

    Full Text Available 'Rosa Mineira' (IAC K-48 is a new plum cultivar selected for adaptation to the mild winter climatic condition prevailing in the State of São Paulo. It is the result of plum breeding program conducted at the Instituto Agronômico, São Paulo, Brazil. 'Rosa Mineira' was obtained as a seedling from the open-pollinated cultivar Kelsey Paulista. Its most important characteristics besides the low-chilling requirement are the great tree vigour, high productivity, red flesh, and good taste.

  14. Género, literatura y memoria en la España del último entresiglos : Eduardo Mendicutti, Rosa Regàs y Rosa Montero

    OpenAIRE

    Bonatto, Adriana Virginia

    2014-01-01

    Esta investigación se propone estudiar las representaciones del pasado reciente y los procesos literarios de reapropiación de la memoria colectiva en una selección de novelas pertenecientes a Eduardo Mendicutti (El palomo cojo, de 1991), Rosa Montero (La hija del caníbal, publicada en 1997), Rosa Regás (Luna lunera, de 1999) como exponentes, las dos últimas, de la narrativa española escrita por mujeres durante la década del noventa y, en el caso de Mendicutti, del giro queer que protagoniza l...

  15. Anofelinos de Santa Catarina (Diptera: Culicidae, Brasil Anophelines of Santa Catarina (Diptera: Culicidae, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria da Graça Teixeira Portes

    2010-04-01

    likelihood of reintroduction of the disease. METHODS: The following data were used: the database of the Entomology Group of the National Health Foundation, Santa Catarina (ACCES, 1997-2000; the epidemiological surveillance information system of the Health Surveillance Department (Malaria/SC; and the notifiable disease information system (SINAN/SC. These data were transferred to and analyzed in the Microsoft Office Excel 2007 software. RESULTS: Collections were carried out in 48 municipalities and 159 localities, and 12,310 culicids, 11,546 anophelines (93.7% and 764 others (6.2% were identified. Three subgenera and 13 species of anophelines were identified. CONCLUSIONS: Given that in the municipalities investigated, important vectors such as Anopheles cruzii and Anopheles albitasis were found to be present, with movements of infected individuals from endemic areas, these areas can be considered to be receptive and vulnerable to malaria. These species are suspected of being responsible for malaria transmission in this region, especially in the municipalities of Gaspar, Indaial and Rodeio.

  16. An autotetraploid linkage map of rose (Rosa hybrida) validated using the strawberry (Fragaria vesca) genome sequence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gar, Oron; Sargent, Daniel J; Tsai, Ching-Jung; Pleban, Tzili; Shalev, Gil; Byrne, David H; Zamir, Dani

    2011-01-01

    Polyploidy is a pivotal process in plant evolution as it increase gene redundancy and morphological intricacy but due to the complexity of polysomic inheritance we have only few genetic maps of autopolyploid organisms. A robust mapping framework is particularly important in polyploid crop species, rose included (2n = 4x = 28), where the objective is to study multiallelic interactions that control traits of value for plant breeding. From a cross between the garden, peach red and fragrant cultivar Fragrant Cloud (FC) and a cut-rose yellow cultivar Golden Gate (GG), we generated an autotetraploid GGFC mapping population consisting of 132 individuals. For the map we used 128 sequence-based markers, 141 AFLP, 86 SSR and three morphological markers. Seven linkage groups were resolved for FC (Total 632 cM) and GG (616 cM) which were validated by markers that segregated in both parents as well as the diploid integrated consensus map.The release of the Fragaria vesca genome, which also belongs to the Rosoideae, allowed us to place 70 rose sequenced markers on the seven strawberry pseudo-chromosomes. Synteny between Rosa and Fragaria was high with an estimated four major translocations and six inversions required to place the 17 non-collinear markers in the same order. Based on a verified linear order of the rose markers, we could further partition each of the parents into its four homologous groups, thus providing an essential framework to aid the sequencing of an autotetraploid genome.

  17. Anticonvulsant and neuroprotective effects of Rosa damascena hydro-alcoholic extract on rat hippocampus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mansour Homayoun

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Previously, analgesic, hypnotic, and anticonvulsant effects have been suggested for Rosa damascena (R. damascena. In the present study, possible anti-seizure and neuro-protective effects of hydro-alcoholic extract of R. damascena has been investigated after inducing seizures in rats by pentylenetetrazole (PTZ. Materials and Methods: The rats were divided to five groups: (1 Control: received saline, (2 PTZ: 100 mg/kg, i.p., (3 PTZ-Extract 50 mg/kg(PTZ-Ext 50, (4 PTZ- Extract 100 mg/kg(PTZ-Ext 100, and (5 PTZ- Extract 200 mg/kg(PTZ-Ext 200 groups which were treated with 50, 100, and 200 mg/kg respectively of hydro-alcoholic extract of R. damascena for one week before PTZ injection. The animals were examined for electrocorticography (ECoG recording and finally, the brains were removed for histological study. Results: The hydro-alcoholic extract of R. damascena significantly prolonged the latency of seizure attacks and reduced the frequency and amplitude of epileptiform burst discharges induced by PTZ injection. Moreover, all three doses of the extract significantly inhibited production of dark neurons in different regions of the hippocampus in the mentioned animal model. Conclusion: The present study showed that the hydro-alcoholic extract of R. damascena has anticonvulsant and neuroprotective effects. More investigations are needed to be done in order to better understand the responsible compound(s as well as the possible mechanism(s.

  18. Myxomycetes de Florianópolis (Santa Catarina - Brasil Myxomycetes of Florianópolis (State of Santa Catarina - Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laise de Holanda Cavalcanti

    1994-07-01

    Full Text Available Considerando a inexistência de registros de ocorrência de Myxomycetes em Florianópolis, realizou- se coletas nas matas da Lagoa do Peri e Lagoa da Conceição, em 1990, assinalando-se as seguintes espécies : Lycogala exiguum Morg. (Enteridiaceae ; Cribraria languescem Rex, C. vulgaris Sclir. (Cribrariaceae ; Arcyria cinerea ( Bull. Pers. , Hemitrichia serpula ( Scop. Rost., H. calyculata ( Speg. Farr e Hemitrichia sp (Trichiaceae ; Stemonitis fusca Roth. e S. smithii Macbr. (Stemonitaceae. Exsicatas encontram-se depositadas no herbário UFP. Lycogala exiguum é assinalada pela primeira vez para Santa Catarina, Cribraria languescens para a região Sul e Cribraria vulgaris para o Brasil. O levantamento eleva para 47 o número de espécies referidas para o Estado de Santa Catarina. Fornece-se um histórico do estudo deste qrupo de organismos em Santa Catarina bem como a área de ocorrência de cada espécie no Estado e nas diferentes regiões do Brasil.A survey on Myxomycetes was made in the woods of Lagoa do Peri and Lagoa da Conceição in 1990, considering the absence of reports of this kind for the city of Florianópolis, when the following species were registered: Lycogala exiguum Morg. (Enteridiaceae; Cribraria languescem Rex, C. vulgaris Schr. (Cribrariaceae; Arcyria cinerea (Bull. Pers. Hemitrichia serpula (Scop. Rost., H. calyculata (Speg. Fair and Hemitrichia sp (Trichiaceae; Stemonitis fusca Roth, and S. smithii Macbr. (Stemonitaceae. Exicates are deposited at the herbarium UFP. Lycogala exiguum is noted for the first time in the state of Santa Catarina, Cribraria languescem in the South and Cribraria vulgaris in Brazil. The survey raises up the number of registers refered to the state of Santa Catarina to 47 species. A review of the studies on this group of organisms in Santa Catarina is given as well as the area where each species occur in this state and in different regions of Brazil.

  19. Contours--Offshore of Santa Barbara, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of SIM 3281 presents data for the bathymetric contours for several seafloor maps (see sheets 1, 2, 3, 7, 10, SIM 3281) of the Offshore of Santa Barbara...

  20. La Ex Hacienda de Santa Cruz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Berta Pinto de Estrada

    1975-06-01

    Full Text Available Ex hacienda Santa Cruz was chosen to show the differences in the geographic and economic structure, and the historic causes that originated them, as an example of ihe situation in the northem part of Campeche.

  1. Folds--Offshore Santa Cruz, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of DS 781 presents data for the folds for the geologic and geomorphic map of the Offshore Santa Cruz map area, California. The vector data file is...

  2. Faults--Offshore Santa Cruz, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of DS 781 presents data for the faults for the geologic and geomorphic map of the Offshore Santa Cruz map area, California. The vector data file is...

  3. Folds--Offshore Santa Cruz, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of DS 781 presents data for the folds for the geologic and geomorphic map of the Offshore Santa Cruz map area, California. The vector data file is included...

  4. Folds--Offshore Santa Cruz, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of DS 781 presents data for the folds for the geologic and geomorphic map of the Offshore Santa Cruz map area, California. The vector data file is included...

  5. Faults--Offshore Santa Cruz, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of DS 781 presents data for the faults for the geologic and geomorphic map of the Offshore Santa Cruz map area, California. The vector data file is...

  6. Habitat--Offshore of Santa Barbara, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of SIM 3281 presents data for the habitat map of the seafloor (see sheet 7, SIM 3281) of the Offshore of Santa Barbara map area, California. The vector...

  7. Bathymetry--Offshore Santa Cruz, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of DS 781 presents data for the bathymetry and shaded-relief maps of Offshore Santa Cruz, California. The raster data file is included in...

  8. Habitat--Offshore Santa Cruz, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of DS 781 presents data for the habitat map of the seafloor of the Offshore of Santa Cruz map area, California. The vector data file is included in...

  9. Folds--Offshore of Santa Barbara, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of SIM 3281 presents data for folds for the geologic and geomorphic map (see sheet 10, SIM 3281) of the Offshore of Santa Barbara map area, California. The...

  10. Habitat--Offshore Santa Cruz, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of DS 781 presents data for the habitat map of the seafloor of the Offshore of Santa Cruz map area, California. The vector data file is included in...

  11. Bathymetry Hillshade--Offshore Santa Cruz, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of DS 781 presents data for the bathymetry and shaded-relief maps of Offshore Santa Cruz, California. The raster data file is included in...

  12. Contours--Offshore Santa Cruz, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of DS 781 presents data for the bathymetric contours for several seafloor maps of the Offshore Santa Cruz map area, California. The vector data file is...

  13. Faults--Offshore of Santa Barbara, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of SIM 3281 presents data for folds for the geologic and geomorphic map (see sheet 10, SIM 3281) of the Offshore of Santa Barbara map area, California....

  14. Folds--Offshore of Santa Barbara, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of SIM 3281 presents data for folds for the geologic and geomorphic map (see sheet 10, SIM 3281) of the Offshore of Santa Barbara map area, California....

  15. Bathymetry--Offshore Santa Cruz, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of DS 781 presents data for the bathymetry and shaded-relief maps of Offshore Santa Cruz, California. The raster data file is included in...

  16. Backscatter [SWATH]--Offshore Santa Cruz, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of DS 781 presents data for the acoustic-backscatter map of Offshore of Santa Cruz map area, California. Backscatter data are provided as three separate...

  17. Backscatter [SWATH]--Offshore Santa Cruz, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of DS 781 presents data for the acoustic-backscatter map of Offshore of Santa Cruz map area, California. Backscatter data are provided as three separate...

  18. Faults--Offshore of Santa Barbara, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of SIM 3281 presents data for folds for the geologic and geomorphic map (see sheet 10, SIM 3281) of the Offshore of Santa Barbara map area, California. The...

  19. Faults--Offshore of Santa Barbara, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of SIM 3281 presents data for folds for the geologic and geomorphic map (see sheet 10, SIM 3281) of the Offshore of Santa Barbara map area, California. The...

  20. Folds--Offshore of Santa Barbara, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of SIM 3281 presents data for folds for the geologic and geomorphic map (see sheet 10, SIM 3281) of the Offshore of Santa Barbara map area, California. The...

  1. Bathymetry Hillshade--Offshore Santa Cruz, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of DS 781 presents data for the bathymetry and shaded-relief maps of Offshore Santa Cruz, California. The raster data file is included in...

  2. Contours--Offshore Santa Cruz, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of DS 781 presents data for the bathymetric contours for several seafloor maps of the Offshore Santa Cruz map area, California. The vector data file is...

  3. CHARACTERIZATION OF ENDOPHYTIC MICROFLORA OF ROSA CANINA FRUITS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katarína Rovná

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available There aren’t a lot of studies about the bacterial communities associated with the Rosa canina and the aim of this study was to characterize endophytic bacteria from fruit of Rosa canina. The fruits of R. canina, which is growing wild in Slovakia, were collected in May 2013 from four locations: Nitra-Zobor, Vrbové-Baraní dvor, Rišňovce, Modra pažiť, Slovakia. Microbiological analyses were conducted by use of standard microbiological methods by spreading of fruits homogenates onto agar plate. Total viable count and mesophilic anaerobic sporulating bacteria were determined on Plate Count Agar after incubation for 2 days at 37 °C. Pseudomonas aeruginosa enumeration was carried out after incubation of Pseudomonas Isolation agar at 48 h at 35 °C. For members of the family Enterobacteriaceae (45 °C Violet Red Bile Glucose agar were used and incubation was carried out for 24 h at 37 °C. For determinations of fungal colonies Malt agar and Czapek-Dox agar were inoculated using the spread-plate technique and incubated at 25 °C for 5 days. The yeasts were grown in Glucose Yeast Peptone agar (aerobiosis at 25 °C during 72 hours. The total viable count of fruits ranged from 4.07 log cfu.g-1 in Rišňovce to 4.84 log cfu.g-1 in Vrbové Baraní dvor. Number of mesophilic anaerobic sporulating bacteria ranged from 4.09 in Vrbové Baraní dvor to 4.82 log cfu.g-1 in Modrá pažiť. Number of Pseudomonas aeruginosa count ranged from 2.00 in Nitra Zobor and Vrbové Baraní dvor to 3.94 log cfu.g-1 in Modrá pažiť. In our study the number of Enterobacteriaceae genera ranged from 3.38 in Nitra Zobor to 4.25 log cfu.g-1 in Vrbové Baraní dvor. Number of yeasts ranged from 3.36 in Vrbové Baraní dvor to 3.85 log cfu.g-1 in Modrá pažiť. Number of microscopic filamentous fungi ranged from 2.60 in Modrá Pažiť to 3.52 log cfu.g-1 in Nitra Zobor. Our findings indicate that Rose plant is naturally associated with a variety of endophytic microorganisms

  4. Rosa Luxemburg and the Constructing of a Political Subject

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wiktor Marzec

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Rosa Luxemburg is not only an economic author. In texts written indramatic days of 1905 revolution she presented a path-breaking account of constructionof political subjectivities, and thus revolutionary subject, in the very processof revolutionary struggles. The political dimension of her interventions shed anew light on her overall theoretical oeuvre. There is a constant tension between adetermination of revolutionary process by economy and a political construction ofrevolutionary subject out of plurality of social demands. This article is an attemptto “symptomally read” of her texts, as evidence – I argue – of her theoretical strugglewith the political – a radical contingency of the political dimension, whichemerged in the given historical circumstances. Therefore, her works from 1905period could be read as a very early attempt to comprehend the problem, whichwe are still dealing now in thinking revolutionary and emancipatory politics. However,a “closure”in the certain intellectual horizon prevented Luxemburg from drawingultimate consequences of this condition. Nevertheless, the political is still an “invisible cause” generating tension and peculiar theoretical oscillation in Luxemburg’sthinking.

  5. Comparative Analysis of Headspace Volatiles of Chinese Rosa rugosa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lan-Yong Zhao

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available The floral headspace compounds of Chinese Rosa rugosa germplasms that were isolated by an automated headspace sampler with built-in trap, and followed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry for identification and quantification. Up to 33 volatile compounds were identified from the 23 rose germplasms, including nine alcohols, five esters, three alkanes, 10 terpenes, three aldehydes, two ketones, and one ether. The main floral components identified were 2-phenylethanol, β-citronellol, ethanol, and n-hexane. ‘xizi’, ‘miaofengshan’, ‘xiangciguo’, and ‘tangbai’ contained the highest amounts of 2-phenylethanol  at 84.66 μg·g-1, β-citronellol at 70.98 μg·g-1, ethanol at 83.87 μg·g-1, and n-hexane at 18.23 μg·g-1, respectively. ‘Rongchengyesheng’, ‘tanghong’, ‘xizi’, ‘miaofengshan’, and ‘baizizhi’ could be considered good materials for extracting rose oil and breeding new cultivars.

  6. Fullerene-based symmetry in Hibiscus rosa-sinensis pollen.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kleber Andrade

    Full Text Available The fullerene molecule belongs to the so-called super materials. The compound is interesting due to its spherical configuration where atoms occupy positions forming a mechanically stable structure. We first demonstrate that pollen of Hibiscus rosa-sinensis has a strong symmetry regarding the distribution of its spines over the spherical grain. These spines form spherical hexagons and pentagons. The distance between atoms in fullerene is explained applying principles of flat, spherical, and spatial geometry, based on Euclid's "Elements" book, as well as logic algorithms. Measurements of the pollen grain take into account that the true spine lengths, and consequently the real distances between them, are measured to the periphery of each grain. Algorithms are developed to recover the spatial effects lost in 2D photos. There is a clear correspondence between the position of atoms in the fullerene molecule and the position of spines in the pollen grain. In the fullerene the separation gives the idea of equal length bonds which implies perfectly distributed electron clouds while in the pollen grain we suggest that the spines being equally spaced carry an electrical charge originating in forces involved in the pollination process.

  7. α-Glucosidase Inhibitors from Fruits of Rosa canina L.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Behvar Asghari

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available As part of ongoing project on screening plants used in Iranian folk medicine to treatment of diabetes, α-glucosidase inhibition activities of Rosa canina extracts have been tested. The acetone extract of the plant exhibited significant inhibition with IC 50 value of 0.3 µg/ml. The enzyme based assay guided fractionation of the acetone extract led to the isolation of daucosterol (1 and D-glucono-1,4-lactone (2, as highly active α-glucosidase inhibitors. Their structures were determined by 1H- and 13C-NMR spectroscopic evidences. The IC 50 values of daucosterol and D-glucono-1,4-lactone on yeast α-glucosidase were 13.3 and 6.5 µM, respectively, while IC 50 of acarbose was 16.1 µM, as a positive control. The Lineweaver-Burk plots analysis elucidated that both of the compounds inhibited the enzyme competitively. The study suggests that isolated compounds can be good candidates as α-glucosidase inhibitors and provide strong rationale for more in vivo studies.

  8. Hepatoprotective effect of Rosa canina fruit extract against carbon tetrachloride induced hepatotoxicity in rat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heibatollah Sadeghi

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The present study was conducted to investigate the hepatoprotective activity of hydro-ethanolic fruit extract of Rosa canina (R. canina against carbon tetrachloride (CCl4-induced hepatotoxicity in rats. Methods: Male Wistar albino rats were randomly divided into six groups of 8 animals of each, including control, toxic (CCl4, R. canina 250, 500, and 750 mg/kg + CCl4 and R. canina 750 mg/kg alone. R. canina (p.o., daily and CCl4 (1 ml/kg twice a week, 50% v/v in olive oil, i.p. were administered to animals for six weeks. Serum analysis was performed to assay the levels of aspartate aminotransferase (AST, alanine amino transaminase (ALT, alkaline phosphatase (ALP, albumin (ALB, total protein (TP and malondialdehyde (MDA. Biochemical observations were also supplemented with histopathological examination (haematoxylin and eosin staining of liver section.Results: Hepatotoxicity was evidenced by considerable increase in serum levels of AST, ALT, ALP, and lipid peroxidation (MDA and decrease in levels of ALB and TP. Injection of CCL4 also induced congestion in central vein, and lymphocyte infiltration. Treatment with hydro-alcoholic fruit extract of R. canina at doses of 500 and 750 mg/kg significantly reduced CCl4-elevated levels of ALT, AST, ALP and MDA (p

  9. Subdivisión litofacial e interpretación del volcanismo jurásico (Grupo Bahía Laura en el este del Macizo del Deseado, provincia de Santa Cruz Litofacial subdivision and interpretation of the Jurassic volcanism (Bahía Laura Group in the eastern Deseado Massif, Santa Cruz province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D.M. Guido

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available El Grupo Bahía Laura representa la unidad de mayor importancia de la provincia geológica Macizo del Deseado. Está constituido por un conjunto de rocas volcánicas ácidas de edad Jurásico medio a superior, que se distribuyen ampliamente en la provincia. El presente artículo describe la subdivisión litofacial del grupo surgida de los trabajos de mapeo en el sector oriental del Macizo del Deseado. Este criterio condujo a una clasificación en facies y subfacies volcánicas desde un punto de vista descriptivo y genético. De este modo, se han determinado la facies volcaniclástica que comprende las subfacies piroclástica (de flujo, caída y surge y la subfacies epiclástica, y la facies efusiva, que incluye las subfacies lávica y subvolcánica. Esta discriminación posibilitó la interpretación de los procesos que han actuado en la conformación de los depósitos volcánicos del sector estudiado, favoreciendo además la utilización del término "Complejo Bahía Laura". El volcanismo ácido jurásico de la región oriental se asocia a un ciclo mayor explosivo-efusivo. En un principio se generaron alta proporción de depósitos de caída, posteriormente se originaron grandes volúmenes de ignimbritas, principalmente de alto grado, y la etapa final fue dominada por materiales lávicos y depósitos volcánicos retrabajados. Se identificaron además los principales centros de emisión (la caldera del cerro Torta y varios complejos de domos, domos, pórfiros y diques de los materiales volcánicos en el área. Su distribución se ajusta a lineamientos ENE y NNO, poniendo en evidencia la importancia del mecanismo de erupción fisural, asociado a las fracturas extensionales del sistema El Tranquilo, en la extrusión de los materiales volcánicos.The Bahía Laura Group represents the most important unit of the Deseado Massif geological province. It is composed by acid volcanic rocks of upper to middle Jurassic age, which are widely distributed in

  10. Analysis of ROSA 1.1 test with TRACE code: ECSS water injection under natural circulation conditions; Analisis con el codigo TRACE del test ROSA 1.1: Inyeccion de agua ECCS bajo condiciones de circulacion natural

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Julibe, A. J.; Munoz-Coba, J. L.; Escriva, A.; Romero, A.

    2010-07-01

    This paper is based on modelling the ROSA 1.1 test by TRACE code. The ROSA 1.1 test presents several natural flow phases in biphasic conditions and this was the cause of this work. Therefore, the aim of this paper is verify the TRACE code ability to simulate such flows using standard components and modules.

  11. Expression of transgenes targeted to the Gt(ROSA26Sor locus is orientation dependent.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Douglas Strathdee

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Targeting transgenes to a chosen location in the genome has a number of advantages. A single copy of the DNA construct can be inserted by targeting into regions of chromatin that allow the desired developmental and tissue-specific expression of the transgene. METHODOLOGY: In order to develop a reliable system for reproducibly expressing transgenes it was decided to insert constructs at the Gt(ROSA26Sor locus. A cytomegalovirus (CMV promoter was used to drive expression of the Tetracycline (tet transcriptional activator, rtTA2(s-M2, and test the effectiveness of using the ROSA26 locus to allow transgene expression. The tet operator construct was inserted into one allele of ROSA26 and a tet responder construct controlling expression of EGFP was inserted into the other allele. CONCLUSIONS: Expression of the targeted transgenes was shown to be affected by both the presence of selectable marker cassettes and by the orientation of the transgenes with respect to the endogenous ROSA26 promoter. These results suggest that transcriptional interference from the endogenous gene promoter or from promoters in the selectable marker cassettes may be affecting transgene expression at the locus. Additionally we have been able to determine the optimal orientation for transgene expression at the ROSA26 locus.

  12. 令人陶醉的Santa Fe

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘小松

    1999-01-01

    假如用汉字代替Santa Fe,这个名字就失去了许多诗意。四百多年来,Santa Fe市吸引了全世界的人们。人们惊叹她的新墨西哥式的自然美,享受那里宜人的气候,赞美那丰富的西班牙和印第安文化。Santa Fe是美国最早的行政首府,也是贸易和宗教的中枢,还是音乐、建筑、美术和休闲的胜地。Santa Fe蜿蜒的小路、长着当地花草的园子和四周的山景都叫人心旷神怡。在美国没有别的城市像Santa Fe这样保护自己的文化并为之感到骄傲。她的自然美和人文传统赢得了神圣的赞誉。Santa Fe坐落在落基山脚下,每晚日落时分,这里一片鲜红,人们称之为"基督的血"。远在清教徒登陆普利茅斯之前,西班牙人就在Santa Fe建立了政府。今天,这座城市是世界旅游胜地,是美国第三大美术作品

  13. Macroeconomia do Turismo Argentino em Santa Catarina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Meurer

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Resumo O Estado de Santa Catarina experimentou um considerável crescimento do setor de turismo nas últimas décadas. O fluxo turístico de origem argentina revelou-se um ingrediente importante dessa trajetória. Este artigo focaliza um aspecto pouco explorado, aparentemente, da participação argentina no turismo estadual: a relação entre a situação macroeconômica do país vizinho e a demanda turística por Santa Catarina lá originada. Começa-se abordando brevemente a problemática geral da macroeconomia do turismo. Depois, discorre-se sobre o crescimento desse setor em Santa Catarina, destacando a presença de argentinos. A terceira parte desenvolve uma análise baseada em tratamento estatístico de dados sobre demanda e receita geradas por esses turistas no estado, com exame das correlações envolvendo taxa de câmbio e taxa de crescimento do PIB da Argentina. Palavras-chave: turismo; Santa Catarina; turistas argentinos; economia argentina Abstract The State of Santa Catarina has witnessed a considerable development of its tourist sector in the last decades. The demand from Argentina has proved to be an important factor of that growth. This article deals with a feature of the presence of Argentinians in the state which seems to be scarcely studied: the relationship between the macroeconomic situation of Argentina and the tourist demand in Santa Catarina originated from that country. The first part of the article considers briefly the general issue of tourism macroeconomics. The second one looks upon tourism growth in Santa Catarina, stressing the presence of visitors from Argentine. The third section develops an analysis based on statistical treatment of data concerning demand and income generated by such tourists in Santa Catarina, involving correlations that consider aspects like exchange rate and the rate of GDP increase in Argentina. Keywords: tourism; Santa Catarina; tourists from Argentina; Argentina’s economy

  14. Variety of plant pathogens of ornamental shrubs of the genus Rosa L.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marchenko Alla Borisovna

    2015-12-01

    In the Ukraine’s forest-steppe environment, over the years of research, the most common disease among different representatives of the genus Rosa L. is Diplocarpon rosae FA Wolf, about 52.7%. Diseases caused by Sphaerotheca pannosa var. rosae Woron account for 28.3%: Coniothyrium wernsdorffiae Laubert―19.2%; Botrytis cinerea Pers.―16.9%; Phragmidium mucronatum (Pers. Schltdl., Phragmidium tuberculatum Müll. Hal., Nectria cinnabarina (Tode Fr.―from 7.2 to 6.7%. Pathogens Alternaria alternata (Fr. Keissl., Alternaria tenuissima (Kunze Wiltshire, Fusarium oxysporum Schltdl., Fusarium solani (Mart. Sacc., Phytophthora cactorum J. Schröt., Verticillium dahliae Kleb., Verticillium albo-atrum Reinke Berthold are less common―5%.

  15. Efficient gene targeting of the Rosa26 locus in mouse zygotes using TALE nucleases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kasparek, Petr; Krausova, Michaela; Haneckova, Radka; Kriz, Vitezslav; Zbodakova, Olga; Korinek, Vladimir; Sedlacek, Radislav

    2014-11-03

    Gene targeting in mice mainly employs homologous recombination (HR) in embryonic stem (ES) cells. Although it is a standard way for production of genetically modified mice, the procedure is laborious and time-consuming. This study describes targeting of the mouse Rosa26 locus by transcription activator-like effector nucleases (TALENs). We employed TALEN-assisted HR in zygotes to introduce constructs encoding TurboRFP and TagBFP fluorescent proteins into the first intron of the Rosa26 gene, and in this way generated two transgenic mice. We also demonstrated that these Rosa26-specific TALENs exhibit high targeting efficiency superior to that of zinc-finger nucleases (ZFNs) specific for the same targeting sequence. Moreover, we devised a reporter assay to assess TALENs activity and specificity to improve the quality of TALEN-assisted targeting.

  16. Gastrointestinal parasites in goats from Monte Castelo, Santa Catarina, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cardoso, Cristina Perito; Cardozo, Leonardo Leite; Silva, Bruna Fernanda da; Amarante, Alessandro Francisco Talamini do

    2012-01-01

    This study was carried out with the aim of estimating the degree of gastrointestinal helminth infection in goats on the Northern Plateau of Santa Catarina. Twelve young females and 11 adult females were used. Every 28 days, feces samples were taken to quantify the nematode eggs per gram of feces (EPG). Larval culturing was performed on a pool of positive samples from the same group. The fecal egg counts (FECs) ranged from zero to 10,400 EPG in the young group and zero to 7,600 EPG in the adult group. The mean FECs were between 583.3 and 4441.7 in the young group and between 418.2 and 2181.8 in the adult group. Eggs of the order Strongylida and genera Moniezia and Toxocara, and oocysts of Coccidia, were observed. The young animals were more affected and Haemonchus was the most prevalent genus in the samples.

  17. Carbon isotope geochemistry of the Santa Clara River

    OpenAIRE

    2001-01-01

    The Santa Clara River is a prototypical small mountainous river, with a headwater height greater than 1000 m and a basin area smaller than 10,000 m 2. Although individual small mountainous rivers export trivial amounts of sediment and carbon to the ocean, as a group these rivers may export a major fraction (as much as 50%) of the total global river sediment flux [Milliman and Syvitski, 1992], making their geochemistry relevant the study of the ocean's carbon cycle. In addition, many small riv...

  18. A rosa e a mensagem: o imaginário grego na poesia de Fernando Pessoa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sonila Morelo

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available A partir de uma leitura comparativa entre a composição de Fernando Pessoa, especialmente de Mensagem, e a poesia grega Arcaica em que encontramos imagens de Afrodite – versos de Hesíodo e Safo sobre o nascimento e as qualidades da deusa –, este artigo tem como objeto de análise a Rosa. Através do diálogo entre história e literatura, a discussão proposta perpassa as semelhanças encontradas entre a Rosa de Mensagem e a deusa Afrodite de Hesíodo e Safo.

  19. El ritmo de intensidad en La rosa escrita de Xavier Abril

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Óscar Coello

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Luego de las aventuras rítmicas practicadas por Abril en las más audaces posiciones de vanguardia, se produce una abjuración insólita –explicada luego metatextualmente– en la poiesis del artista, que lo regresa a los cauces de la elaboración versal tradicional. La rosa escrita es el poemario más emblemático de este retorno. La presente ponencia ejemplifica en un texto, a través del ritmo de intensidad, los pormenores de esta redención.Palabras claves: Xavier Abril, La rosa escrita, Vanguardia, ritmo.

  20. Isolation of immunomodulatory triterpene acids from a standardized rose hip powder (Rosa canina L.)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Saaby, Lasse; Jäger, Anna Katharina; Moesby, Lise

    2011-01-01

    A previously published systematic review and a metaanalysis have concluded that the consumption of standardized rose hip powder (Rosa canina L.) can reduce pain in osteoarthritis patients. Synovial inflammation has been suggested to play an important role in the pathogenesis of osteoarthritis...... and mainly to involve infiltration of the synovial membrane by macrophages. Therefore, the immunomodulatory effect of standardized rose hip powder of Rosa canina L. was investigated and active principles isolated using the Mono Mac 6 cell line as a model for human macrophages. Treatment of Mono Mac 6 cells...

  1. Finance and the Realization Problem in Rosa Luxemburg: a ‘Circuitist’ Reappraisal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Riccardo Bellafiore

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The article shows that Rosa Luxemburg’s analysis of capitalist accumulationis framed within a ‘circuitist’ macroeconomic reading of capitalism as a monetaryproduction economy. Authors examine Luxemburg’s reading of the enlargedreproduction scheme introduced in volume II of Marx’s Capital and summarizecritiques of Luxemburg’s approach by Nikolai Bukharin, Michał Kalecki and JoanRobinson. Authors argue that Rosa Luxemburg cannot be reduced to the status ofan ‘under-consumptionist’ but she presents a clear picture of the macro-monetaryand sequential working of the capitalist process.

  2. Development of Biogenic Silver Nanoparticle Using Rosa Chinensis Flower Extract and Its Antibacterial Property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meng, Yongde; Sun, Yanjie

    2016-04-01

    In the present study, biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles was carried out using Rosa chinensis flower extract as reducing agent. The characterization of silver nanoparticles was done by UV-VIS spectrum. The morphology and size of silver nanoparticles were determined by transmission electron microscope (TEM) image. The crystallization of silver nanoparticles was confirmed by X-ray diffraction (XRD) measurements. The Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) analysis was used to confirm the possible involvement in the formation and stabilization of synthesized silver nanoparticles by the extract of Rosa chinensis flower. Antibacterial activity of silver nanoparticles was studied against Gram positive Staphycoccus aureus and Gram negative Escherichia coil.

  3. MORPHOLOGICAL AND MICROMORPHOLOGICAL INVESTIGATIONS REGARDING THE LEAVES OF SEVERAL ROSA L. SPECIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lidia ADUMITRESEI

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Multicellular secretory glands are present on Rosa L. species, at least on the stipellae edge; some of them have a larger number and different particularities. The researches have been made on leaves of the following species: Rosa agrestis, R. x damascena, R. multibracteata, R. pimpinellifolia and R. rubiginosa. Micromorphological studies emphasized a large number of cells which forming both terminal secretory part and foot, even though their dimensions are small. These researches highlight the micromorphological aspect of these glands, tector hairs and epicuticular wax. All of them were examined through scanning electron microscopy method.

  4. Comparative analysis of development and survival of two Natal fruit fly Ceratitis rosa Karsch (Diptera, Tephritidae) populations from Kenya and South Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanga, Chrysantus M; Manrakhan, Aruna; Daneel, John-Henry; Mohamed, Samira A; Fathiya, Khamis; Ekesi, Sunday

    2015-01-01

    Comparative analysis of development and survivorship of two geographically divergent populations of the Natal fruit fly Ceratitis rosa Karsch designated as Ceratitis rosa R1 and Ceratitis rosa R2 from Kenya and South Africa were studied at seven constant temperatures (10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 33, 35 °C). Temperature range for development and survival of both populations was 15-35 °C. The developmental duration was found to significantly decrease with increasing temperature for Ceratitis rosa R1 and Ceratitis rosa R2 from both countries. Survivorship of all the immature stages of Ceratitis rosa R1 and Ceratitis rosa R2 from Kenya was highest over the range of 20-30 °C (87-95%) and lowest at 15 and 35 °C (61-76%). Survivorship of larvae of Ceratitis rosa R1 and Ceratitis rosa R2 from South Africa was lowest at 35 °C (22%) and 33 °C (0.33%), respectively. Results from temperature summation models showed that Ceratitis rosa R2 (egg, larva and pupa) from both countries were better adapted to low temperatures than R1, based on lower developmental threshold. Minimum larval temperature threshold for Kenyan populations were 11.27 °C and 6.34 °C (R1 and R2, respectively) compared to 8.99 °C and 7.74 °C (R1 and R2, respectively) for the South African populations. Total degree-day (DD) accumulation for the Kenyan populations were estimated at 302.75 (Ceratitis rosa R1) and 413.53 (Ceratitis rosa R2) compared to 287.35 (Ceratitis rosa R1) and 344.3 (Ceratitis rosa R2) for the South African populations. These results demonstrate that Ceratitis rosa R1 and Ceratitis rosa R2 from both countries were physiologically distinct in their response to different temperature regimes and support the existence of two genetically distinct populations of Ceratitis rosa. It also suggests the need for taxonomic revision of Ceratitis rosa, however, additional information on morphological characterization of Ceratitis rosa R1 and Ceratitis rosa R2 is needed.

  5. An autotetraploid linkage map of rose (Rosa hybrida validated using the strawberry (Fragaria vesca genome sequence.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oron Gar

    Full Text Available Polyploidy is a pivotal process in plant evolution as it increase gene redundancy and morphological intricacy but due to the complexity of polysomic inheritance we have only few genetic maps of autopolyploid organisms. A robust mapping framework is particularly important in polyploid crop species, rose included (2n = 4x = 28, where the objective is to study multiallelic interactions that control traits of value for plant breeding. From a cross between the garden, peach red and fragrant cultivar Fragrant Cloud (FC and a cut-rose yellow cultivar Golden Gate (GG, we generated an autotetraploid GGFC mapping population consisting of 132 individuals. For the map we used 128 sequence-based markers, 141 AFLP, 86 SSR and three morphological markers. Seven linkage groups were resolved for FC (Total 632 cM and GG (616 cM which were validated by markers that segregated in both parents as well as the diploid integrated consensus map.The release of the Fragaria vesca genome, which also belongs to the Rosoideae, allowed us to place 70 rose sequenced markers on the seven strawberry pseudo-chromosomes. Synteny between Rosa and Fragaria was high with an estimated four major translocations and six inversions required to place the 17 non-collinear markers in the same order. Based on a verified linear order of the rose markers, we could further partition each of the parents into its four homologous groups, thus providing an essential framework to aid the sequencing of an autotetraploid genome.

  6. 78 FR 66982 - Santa Clara Pueblo Disaster #NM-00039

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-07

    ... ADMINISTRATION Santa Clara Pueblo Disaster NM-00039 AGENCY: U.S. Small Business Administration. ACTION: Notice... for the Santa Clara Pueblo (FEMA- 4151-DR), dated 10/29/2013. Incident: Severe Storms and Flooding... disaster: Primary Areas: Santa Clara Pueblo. The Interest Rates are: Percent For Physical Damage:...

  7. 27 CFR 9.126 - Santa Clara Valley.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Santa Clara Valley. 9.126... Santa Clara Valley. (a) Name. The name of the viticultural area described in this section is “Santa Clara Valley.” (b) Approved Maps. The appropriate maps for determining the boundaries of the...

  8. Contours--Offshore of Santa Barbara, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of SIM 3281 presents data for the bathymetric contours for several seafloor maps (see sheets 1, 2, 3, 7, 10, SIM 3281) of the Offshore of Santa Barbara map...

  9. Santa Legends From Around the World

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    The tradition of children receiving gifts during the month of December is relatively the same no matter where you go in the world, but the character that brings the gifts can vary quite a bit from country to country. The following are the top five Santa legends from around the world.

  10. Ecotourism: The Santa Elena Rainforest Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wearing, Stephen

    1993-01-01

    Describes an ecotourism project in which the community of Santa Elena, Costa Rica, are developing a rainforest reserve on government land leased permanently to the local high school. Discusses the impact of the project on the community's economy and environment. (Contains 30 references.) (MDH)

  11. Bathymetry--Offshore of Santa Barbara, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of SIM 3281 presents data for the bathymetry and shaded-relief maps (see sheets 1, 2, SIM 3281) of the Offshore of Santa Barbara map area, California. The...

  12. Santa Fe Junior College, Gainesville, Florida.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caudill, Rowlett and Scott, Architects, Houston, TX.

    The design of Santa Fe Junior College is examined, beginning with the development of an educational philosophy. Subsequent design decisions are based largely upon this philosophy which emphasizes the development of the individual student and the fulfillment of his needs. Further, the need for flexibility is recognized and is an important aspect of…

  13. Hyperspectral Ocean Color Science: Santa Barbara Channel

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-07

    goal of the PnB in situ sampling program is to develop state-of-the- art ocean color algorithms for Case II waters like those found in the Santa Barbara...S.Maritorena and W. Robinson, 1999: Atmospheric correction of satellite ocean color imagery: The black pixel assumption. Submitted to Applied Optics. Toole

  14. "Ishica, de quien sos tu?": Nostalgia for a Mother Tongue in Rosa Nissan's Novels

    Science.gov (United States)

    Linhard, Tabea Alex

    2009-01-01

    This paper explores the use of Judeo-Spanish in the Rosa Nissan's novels "Novia que te vea" (1992) and "Hisho que te nazca" (1996) and reveals the ways in which the presence of this language interrupts the otherwise linear coming-of-age narrative. An analysis of the main character's relationship with Judeo-Spanish establishes a critical dialogue…

  15. First report about pharmaceutical properties and phytochemicals analysis of Rosa abyssinica R. Br. ex Lindl. (Rosaceae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moustafa, Mahmoud Fawzy; Alrumman, Sulaiman Abdullah

    2015-11-01

    In vitro antimicrobial efficacy of seven solvent extracts from leaves and hips of Saudi Arabian weed Rosa abyssinica against a variety of human pathogenic bacteria and Candida species have been evaluated using well diffusion methods. Phytochemicals present in the leaves and hips of Rosa abyssinica has been characterized using Gas Chromatogram Mass spectrometry analysis. The extracts comparative efficacy against tested microbes gained from the fresh and dry leaves exhibited more prominent activity than fresh and dry hips. The methanol, chloroform, petroleum ether, acetone and diethyl ether extracts have a greater lethal effect on pathogenic microbes than hot water extracts, while cold-water extracts showed no activity. Twenty-four phytochemicals have been characterized from ethanol extract of the leaves of Rosa abyssinica and fifteen from hips by GC-MS. The major compounds detected in the leaves were squalene (38.21%), ethane, 1,1-diethoxy- (9.65%), β-D-glucopyranose, 1,6-anhydro- (8.55%), furfural (5.50%) and 2-furancarboxaldehyde 5-(hydroxymethyl)- (5.19%). The major compounds in the hips were 2-furancarboxaldehyde 5-(hydroxymethyl)- (51.27%), β-D-glucopyranose, 1,6-anhydro- (8.18%), 4H-pyran-4-one, 2,3-dihydro-3,5-dihydroxy-6-methyl- (7.42%), 2,5-furandione, dihydro-3-methylene- (6.79%) and furfural (5.99%). Current findings indicate that extract from leaves and hips of Rosa abyssinica and the bioactive components present could be used as pharmaceutical agents.

  16. Identification of cut-rose (Rosa hybrida) and rootstock varieties using robust Sequence Tagged Microsatellite markers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Esselink, D.; Smulders, M.J.M.; Vosman, B.

    2003-01-01

    In this study a DNA fingerprinting protocol was developed for the identification of rose varieties based on the variability of microsatellites. Microsatellites were isolated from Rosa hybrida L. using enriched small insert libraries. In total 24 polymorphic sequenced tagged microsatellite site

  17. In search of genetic diversity in Rosa foetida Hermann in Iran

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Samiei, L.; Naderi, R.; Khalighi, A.; Bushehri, A.A.; Mozaffarian, V.; Esselink, G.; Smulders, M.J.M.

    2009-01-01

    Rosa foetida is a dense, erect shrub with bright yellow or scarlet flowers with a yellowish reverse petal. It is most abundant in South West Asia. In Iran R. foetida occurs mainly in the mountainous North and West regions. The species is the origin of the strong yellow color in hybrid roses, which

  18. Taxonomic status of the roses (Rosa) described by S.G. Dimitrov from Bulgaria

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zielinski, J.; Petrova, A; Tan, Kit

    2004-01-01

    The original herbarium vouchers for six species of Rosa (Rosaceae) described by S. G. Dimitrov from Bulgaria are taxonomically evaluated. Two species (R. balcanica, R. orphei) are considered hybrids, four other names (R. bulgarica, R. parilica, R. pontica and R. rhodopaea) are taxonomic synonyms...

  19. Potential of Using ROSA Centifolia to Remove Iron and Manganese in Groundwater Treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aslina Abdul Kadir

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Groundwater is source for water supply because of its good natural quality. However, groundwater may be exposed toward to contamination by various anthropogenic activities such as agricultural, domestic and industrial. Groundwater quality problem are typically associated with high hardness, high salinity and elevated concentration of iron, manganese, ammonium, fluoride and occasionally nitrate and arsenic.  Therefore, groundwater should be treated to acceptable level before consumption. This study is carried out with the objectives to optimize the feasibility condition of contact time, biosorbent dosage and pH range in removing heavy metal by using Rosa Centifolia (R. Centifolia and also to determine the water quality of groundwater sources.  A dried Rosa Centifolia pretreated before being used as biosorbent. Experiment was done by varying contact time, biosorbent dosage and pH range to get the optimum value. The removal characteristic of Iron and Manganese by Rosa Centifolia was analyzed using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer (AAS. The optimum condition is achieved at 240minutes, 0.05g/ml and pH 5 respectively. The optimum percentage removal of Iron and Manganese was found to be more than 70%. The finding indicated that Rosa Centifolia is a promising biosorbent in treating groundwater from RECESS UTHM well.

  20. Rosa de Vries: A Dutch Diva and Nineteenth-Century Trans-Atlantic Operatic Culture

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Metzelaar, H.

    2014-01-01

    In an arduous, twenty-year international career, Dutch opera soprano Rosa de Vries née van Os (1824-89) performed both French and Italian opera repertory with leading companies on both sides of the Atlantic. Experiencing triumphs and disappointments while managing both career and family, de Vries

  1. Rosa de Vries: A Dutch Diva and Nineteenth-Century Trans-Atlantic Operatic Culture

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Metzelaar, H.

    2014-01-01

    In an arduous, twenty-year international career, Dutch opera soprano Rosa de Vries née van Os (1824-89) performed both French and Italian opera repertory with leading companies on both sides of the Atlantic. Experiencing triumphs and disappointments while managing both career and family, de Vries re

  2. Cuticular hydrocarbons corroborate the distinction between lowland and highland Natal fruit fly (Tephritidae, Ceratitis rosa) populations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vaníčková, Lucie; Břízová, Radka; Pompeiano, Antonio; Ekesi, Sunday; Meyer, Marc De

    2015-01-01

    Abstract The cuticular hydrocarbons (CHs) and morphology of two Ceratitis rosa Karsch (Diptera: Tephritidae) populations, putatively belonging to two cryptic taxa, were analysed. The chemical profiles were characterised by two-dimensional gas chromatography with mass spectrometric detection. CHs of Ceratitis rosa that originated from the lowlands and highlands of Kenya comprised of n-alkanes, monomethylalkanes, dimethylalkanes and unsaturated hydrocarbons in the range of the carbon backbone from C14 to C37. Hydrocarbons containing C29, C31, C33 and C35 carbon atoms predominated in these two populations. 2-Methyltriacontane was the predominant compound in both populations. Quantitative differences in the distribution of hydrocarbons of different chain lengths, mainly the C22, C32, C33 and C34 compounds of these two populations, were observed despite indistinct qualitative differences in these hydrocarbons. Morphological analyses of male legs confirmed that the flies belong to different morphotypes of Ceratitis rosa previously labelled as R1 and R2 for lowland and highland populations, respectively. A statistical analysis of the CH compositions of the putative R1 and R2 species showed distinct interspecific identities, with several CHs specific for each of the lowland and highland populations. This study supports a hypothesis that the taxon Ceratitis rosa consists of at least two biological species. PMID:26798275

  3. ANALISIS POSTUR KERJA PADA PT. XYZ MENGGUNAKAN METODE ROSA (RAPID OFFICE STRAIN ASSESSMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosma Hani Damayanti

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Penggunaan teknologi informasi, dimana komputer sebagai medianya kini semakin meningkat. Frekuensi yang tinggi akan penggunaan komputer yang tidak memperhatikan sisi ergonomi dalam bekerja mengakibatkan adanya resiko yang dirasakan oleh pengguna. PT. XYZ merupakan salah satu perusahaan yang menggunakan komputer sebagai salah satu alat utama dalam bekerja. Pada penggunaannya karyawan pada Departemen Publishing merasakan keluhan pada punggung, pinggang, nyeri bahu, leher dan tangan. Keluhan yang dirasakan oleh pekerja pada Departemen publishing dapat diminimalkan dengan cara mengetahui dan mengidentifikasi postur kerja pada pekerja dalam menggunakan komputer. Identifikasi tersebut digunakan untuk mengetahui kondisi pekerja dan mengetahui penyebab keluhan yang dirasakan oleh pekerja untuk dilakukan perbaikan. Pada penelitian ini dilakukan analisis dengan menggunakan metode ROSA untuk mengurangi adanya keluhan yang dirasakan oleh pekerja pada Departemen publishing. ROSA merupakan salah satu metode pada office ergonomics, dimana penilaiannnya dirancang untuk mengukur resiko yang terkait dengan penggunaan komputer serta untuk menetapkan tingkat tindakan perubahan berdasarkan laporan dari ketidaknyamanan pekerja. Dengan menggunakan metode ROSA, dapat diketahui apakah postur kerja karyawan pada Departemen Publishing pada saat bekerja aman atau berbahaya. Hasil analisis postur kerja menggunakan metode ROSA pada Departemen Publishing menunjukkan bahwa seluruh pekerja yang menjadi sampel memiliki level resiko yang tinggi dan perlu dilakukan perbaikan segera. Perbaikan yang dapat dilakukan untuk mengurangi tingkat resiko yang dirasakan oleh pekerja yaitu dengan perbaikan fasilitas yang digunakan oleh pekerja yang sesuai dengan standar ergonomi, melakukan sosialisasi kepada pekerja tentang pentingnya ergonomi pada dunia kerja, dan sebaiknya pekerja melakukan istirahat atau peregangan otot minimal setiap tiga jam sekali.

  4. A feeling for Systems Development Work - Design of the ROSA project

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bødker, Susanne; Greenbaum, Joan

    1988-01-01

    This article is based on the design of a research project that will look at intuition, learning processes, language and roles in the development of computer systems. The research project, called ROSA (a Danish acronym for Roles and Cooperation in Systems Development) grew out of our interest...

  5. The Politics of Children's Literature: The Story of Rosa Parks and the Montgomery Bus Boycott.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kohl, Herbert

    1991-01-01

    As commonly told to and read by children, the story of Rosa Parks and the Montgomery bus boycott fails to indicate Mrs. Parks' activist role or the degree of community organization and participation in the boycott. Telling what actually occurred allows children identify with people who make justice happen. (SLD)

  6. Anticytokinin effect on apical dominance release in in vitro cultured Rosa hybrida L.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kapchina-Toteva, V.M.; Somleva, M.; Telgen, van H.J.

    2002-01-01

    Effects of two cytokinin antagonists - 2-chloro-4-cyclobutyl-amino-6-ethylamino-1,3,5-triazine and N-(4-pyridyl)-O-(4-chlorophenyl)carbamate - on bud break and outgrowth in single nodes from two Rosa hybrida cultivars differing in their apical dominance were studied. The compounds were applied at th

  7. Factors affecting the vase life of Rosa cultivar 'Sonia': Microbiological and scanning electron microscopic investigations.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Put, H.M.C.

    1991-01-01

    The papers compiled in this thesis comprise a series of successively executed investigations into the role of micro-organisms in xylem plugging, and disturbance of the water relations and the vase life of cut flowers. For this purpose Rosahybrida cultivar 'Sonia' (the hybrid tea-rose Rosa cultivar '

  8. 75 FR 71787 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Salvator Rosa: Bandits...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-24

    ... and Magic'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant to the authority... ``Salvator Rosa: Bandits, Wilderness and Magic'', imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the... objects at the Kimbell Art Museum, Fort Worth, TX, from on or about December 12, 2010, until on or...

  9. Introduction of ROL genes in Rosa hybrida L. for improved rootstock performance

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Salm, van der T.P.M.

    1996-01-01


    In contrast to many other cut flowers, which are harvested completely at the time of flowering, rose plants ( Rosahybrida L.) continuously produce flowering shoots, which are harvested on a regular basis. For the release of axillary buds and

  10. GIUSEPPE DE ROSA, Metodo per pianisti accompagnatori della danza, Milano, Suvini Zerboni, 2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chiara Sintoni

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Il volume di Giuseppe De Rosa è al contempo un agile metodo teorico-pratico per la formazione del pianista accompagnatore della danza classica e un sussidio didattico per la sua attività in situazione. Frutto dell’esperienza pluriennale dell’autore, colma un vuoto nella pubblicistica italiana dedicata all’argomento.

  11. Cytotoxic Activity of the Leaf and Stem Extracts of Hibiscus rosa ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Methods: The crude petroleum ether, ethyl acetate and methanol extracts of the ... and stem of Hibiscus rosa sinensis were prepared using cold extraction method. ... (MTS) and 3-(4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2,5-diphenyl-2H-tetrazolium bromide ...

  12. Determination of Tannin in Rosae Caulis%金樱茎鞣质的含量测定

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘若霞; 郭巧玲; 田素英

    2011-01-01

    目的 测定金樱茎中总鞣质的含量,与金樱根总鞣质的含量进行比较,研究其替代金樱根入药的可行性.方法 采用超声波法提取金樱茎的鞣质,采用紫外分光光度法测定金樱茎中的鞣质的含量,在碱性的条件下加磷钼钨酸,于750 nm处测定吸光度,以没食子酸为标准计算样品中鞣质的含量.结果 测得本批次金樱茎的总鞣质平均含量为4.51%.结论 金樱茎鞣质含量明显少于金樱根,建议不要混入金樱根入药.%Objective To determine the content of tannin in Rosae Caulis, compare it with Rosae Radix, and study the practicability about replacing Rosae Radix by Rosae Caulis. Methods Use UV spectrophotometry to determine the content of tannin in Rosae Caulis, make color by adding phosphomolybdium tungstic acid at alkaline state, absorption wavelength was set at 750nm, take gallic acid as standard in calculating the content oftannin in sample. Results The mean content of tannin in Rosae Caulis was 4.51%.Conclusion The content of tannin in Rosae Caulis was lower than that in Rosae Radix, so not suggest to replace Rosae Radix.

  13. INDIKATOR TITRASI ASAM-BASA DARI EKSTRAK BUNGA SEPATU (Hibiscus rosa sinensis L Indicator of Acid-Base Titration from the Extract of Hibiscus rosa sinensis L Flower

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siti Nuryanti

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Titration acid-base needs indicator  to show the change of color on interval of hydrogen exponent/degree of acid (pH. Indicator of synthetic which always be used have disadvantages like chemical pollution,  stock and expensive of pro- duction  cost. The research has been carried out to substitute the synthetic indicator with herbal indicator extracted from flower crown of Hibiscus rosa sinensis L extract. The herbal indicator was extracted from the flower crown Hibiscus rosa sinensis L using a mixture methanol-acetic acid. Then it was evaluated with phenolphthalein and methyl orange(E merck comparer to titration the acid-base, they are strong acid-strong base, weak base-strong acid and weak acid-strong base. The result of research show that herbal indicator  of flower crown Hibiscus rosa sinensis L to show theequivalent point in all titrations give peer result with the comparison. With the research result hoped that indicatortitration acid-base flower crown Hibiscus rosa sinensis L is able to as replace synthetic indicator  (metyl orange andphenolphtalein which always be used before. ABSTRAK Titrasi asam-basa memerlukan indikator untuk menunjukkan perubahan warna pada setiap interval derajad keasaman (pH. Indikator sintetis yang digunakan selama ini mempunyai beberapa kelemahan seperti polusi kimia, ketersediaan dan biaya produksi mahal. Upaya penelitian sudah dilakukan untuk menggantikan indikator sintetis dengan indikator dari ekstrak mahkota bunga sepatu. Indikator herbal tersebut dibuat dengan cara mengekstrak mahkota bunga Hibiscus rosa sinensis L dengan mengunakan pelarut metanol-asam asetat. Kemudian dievaluasi dengan indikator pembanding fenolftalein dan metil oranye (produksi E merck untuk titrasi asam-basa yaitu asam kuat-basa kuat, basa lemah-asam kuat dan asam lemah-basa kuat. Dari hasil penelitian diketahui bahwa indikator dari mahkota bunga sepatu untuk menunjukkan titik ekivalen dalam titrasi tersebut memberikan hasil yang

  14. Santa Fe County Block Groups, Households by Type (2010)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — The once-a-decade decennial census was conducted in April 2010 by the U.S. Census Bureau. This count of every resident in the United States was mandated by Article...

  15. Santa Fe County Block Groups, Housing Tenure (2010)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — The once-a-decade decennial census was conducted in April 2010 by the U.S. Census Bureau. This count of every resident in the United States was mandated by Article...

  16. Santa Fe County Block Groups, Housing Occupancy Status (2010)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — The once-a-decade decennial census was conducted in April 2010 by the U.S. Census Bureau. This count of every resident in the United States was mandated by Article...

  17. Santa Fe County Block Groups, Housing Vacancy Status (2010)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — The once-a-decade decennial census was conducted in April 2010 by the U.S. Census Bureau. This count of every resident in the United States was mandated by Article...

  18. Santa Fe County Block Groups, Race and Hispanic Ethnicity (2010)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — The once-a-decade decennial census was conducted in April 2010 by the U.S. Census Bureau. This count of every resident in the United States was mandated by Article...

  19. Santa Fe County Block Groups, Median Age by Sex (2010)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — The once-a-decade decennial census was conducted in April 2010 by the U.S. Census Bureau. This count of every resident in the United States was mandated by Article...

  20. Susceptibility of the Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata) and the Natal fruit fly (Ceratitis rosa) to entomopathogenic nematodes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malan, Antoinette P; Manrakhan, Aruna

    2009-01-01

    The potential of entomopathogenic nematodes, Heterorhabditis bacteriophora, Heterorhabditis zealandica and Steinernema khoisanae, to infect pupariating larvae, pupae and adults of Ceratitis capitata and Ceratitis rosa was investigated in laboratory bioassays. Pupariating larvae and adult flies were susceptible to nematode infection, with no infection recorded for the pupae. Pupariating larvae of C. capitata were generally more susceptible to infection than those of C. rosa. Significantly more larvae of C. capitata were infected by H. bacteriophora. For C. rosa, highest infectivity of larvae was obtained with H. zealandica. In contrast, adults of both species were highly infected by S. khoisanae.

  1. Rosa canina L. Fruit Hydro-Alcoholic Extract Effects on Some Immunological and Biochemical Parameters in Rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saeed Sadigh-Eteghad

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: This research investigates the possible potential of Rosa canina (RC as an immunomodulator in rats and its effects on some biochemical parameters. Methods: In this experiment, 45 male Wistar rats were obtained and divided into three groups (n = 15. These groups received normal saline (10 mg/kg, RC fruit extract (250 mg/kg and RC fruit extract (500 mg/kg as oral gavages every day for a period of four weeks, respectively. After obtaining blood samples (at the end of each week, differential white blood cell (WBC counts, phagocyte activity (number, alanine aminotransferase (ALT, aspartate aminotransferase (AST, alkaline phosphates (ALP albumin and globulins levels of samples were obtained. The malondialdehyde (MDA and glutathione (GSH levels in the serum were determined only in day 28 of study. The radical scavenger activity (RSA of the RC extract was measured spectrophotometrically. Results: the gamma globulin level, neutrophil and monocyte counts and phagocyte activity increased significantly in comparison with the normal saline group. ALT, AST and ALP had not significantly differences in compared to control group. RC extract significantly increased thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS and also decreased GSH levels in comparing to control group in day 28. Conclusion: the data suggest that the RC extract has been used in traditional medicine might have immunomodulatory effects.

  2. Documentation of the Santa Clara Valley regional ground-water/surface-water flow model, Santa Clara Valley, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanson, R.T.; Li, Zhen; Faunt, C.C.

    2004-01-01

    The Santa Clara Valley is a long, narrow trough extending about 35 miles southeast from the southern end of San Francisco Bay where the regional alluvial-aquifer system has been a major source of water. Intensive agricultural and urban development throughout the 20th century and related ground-water development resulted in ground-water-level declines of more than 200 feet and land subsidence of as much as 12.7 feet between the early 1900s and the mid-1960s. Since the 1960s, Santa Clara Valley Water District has imported surface water to meet growing demands and reduce dependence on ground-water supplies. This importation of water has resulted in a sustained recovery of the ground-water flow system. To help support effective management of the ground-water resources, a regional ground-water/surface-water flow model was developed. This model simulates the flow of ground water and surface water, changes in ground-water storage, and related effects such as land subsidence. A numerical ground-water/surface-water flow model of the Santa Clara Valley subbasin of the Santa Clara Valley was developed as part of a cooperative investigation with the Santa Clara Valley Water District. The model better defines the geohydrologic framework of the regional flow system and better delineates the supply and demand components that affect the inflows to and outflows from the regional ground-water flow system. Development of the model includes revisions to the previous ground-water flow model that upgraded the temporal and spatial discretization, added source-specific inflows and outflows, simulated additional flow features such as land subsidence and multi-aquifer wellbore flow, and extended the period of simulation through September 1999. The transient-state model was calibrated to historical surface-water and ground-water data for the period 197099 and to historical subsidence for the period 198399. The regional ground-water flow system consists of multiple aquifers that are grouped

  3. Pressure variations in the Monte Rosa nappe, Western Alps

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luisier, Cindy; Vaughan-Hammon, Joshua; Baumgartner, Lukas; Schmalholz, Stefan

    2017-04-01

    The Monte Rosa nappe is part of the Penninic nappe stack of the Western Alps. It represents the southern-most European continental basement involved in the alpine orogeny. It consists of a pre-Variscan basement complex, made of mostly metapelites and paragneisses, which were intruded by a Permian-age granitic body (Pawlig, 2001). The nappe is heterogeneously deformed, with localized high strain domains separating low strain domains. The metamorphic record is tightly linked to deformation. Different thermodynamic data bases and approaches were used in the past to estimate the peak alpine metamorphic conditions. They range from 1.2 to 2.7 GPa and 490 to 650˚C, based on metagranite, metapelite, metamafic and whiteschist assemblages. The peak alpine metamorphic assemblage of zoisite, phengite and albite symplectites pseudomorphing magmatic plagioclase is preserved only in the less deformed portions of the nappe. Phengite, garnet and titanite coronas surrounding biotite, quartz and igneous K-feldspar make up the rest of the rock. The metagranite locally grades into 10 to 50 meters whiteschist bodies, consisting of talc-chloritoid-kyanite-phengite-quartz, which can contain carbonate and garnet. Their chemistry is interpreted as a metasomatic product of the late magmatic hydrothermal alteration of the granite, whereas their mineralogy results from the alpine high pressure metamorphism (Pawlig and Baumgartner, 2001; Luisier et al., 2015). We performed a phase petrology and textural study to consistently estimate peak alpine metamorphic conditions in the granite and the related whiteschists. Textural observations were used to select the best-preserved high-pressure metagranite samples. Inherited magmatic feldspar textures indicate that jadeite was never formed in these granites, confirmed independently by Si in phengite barometer (1.2 to 1.5 GPa). Note that the granite contains the phengite buffer assemblage of Massonne and Schreyer (1987). Thermodynamic calculations using

  4. Rose oil (from Rosa × damascena Mill.) vapor attenuates depression-induced oxidative toxicity in rat brain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nazıroğlu, Mustafa; Kozlu, Süleyman; Yorgancıgil, Emre; Uğuz, Abdülhadi Cihangir; Karakuş, Kadir

    2013-01-01

    Oxidative stress is a critical route of damage in various physiological stress-induced disorders, including depression. Rose oil may be a useful treatment for depression because it contains flavonoids which include free radical antioxidant compounds such as rutin and quercetin. We investigated the effects of absolute rose oil (from Rosa × damascena Mill.) and experimental depression on lipid peroxidation and antioxidant levels in the cerebral cortex of rats. Thirty-two male rats were randomly divided into four groups. The first group was used as control, while depression was induced in the second group using chronic mild stress (CMS). Oral (1.5 ml/kg) and vapor (0.15 ml/kg) rose oil were given for 28 days to CMS depression-induced rats, constituting the third and fourth groups, respectively. The sucrose preference test was used weekly to identify depression-like phenotypes during the experiment. At the end of the experiment, cerebral cortex samples were taken from all groups. The lipid peroxidation levels in the cerebral cortex in the CMS group were higher than in control whereas their levels were decreased by rose oil vapor exposure. The vitamin A, vitamin E, vitamin C and β-carotene concentrations in the cerebral cortex were lower in the CMS group than in the control group whereas their concentrations were higher in the rose oil vapor plus CMS group. The CMS-induced antioxidant vitamin changes were not modulated by oral treatment. Glutathione peroxidase activity and reduced glutathione did not change statistically in the four groups following CMS or either treatment. In conclusion, experimental depression is associated with elevated oxidative stress while treatment with rose oil vapor induced protective effects on oxidative stress in depression.

  5. Study on Selection of Rosa chinensis Rootstock%月季砧木的筛选研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    果朋忠

    2012-01-01

    To select Rosa chinensis rootstock with good grafting affinity and easy propagation which could be applied in cold north areas. [Method] The grafting survival rate of ten Rosa chinensis cultivars grafted into three Rosa muhitlora rootstocks was studied. [Result] Rosa ebinensis varieties and Rosa mtdfiflora rootstocks were significant difference. Rosa ebinensis varieties and Rosa muhiflora rootstocks were the key factor effecting survival rate of Rosa chinensis grafting. There was no best combination as Rosa chinensis X Rosa multiflora interaction effect was not notability differences. The cutting survival rate of Natebelay was high and the graft compatibility was the best. Thornless multiflora had the dominance of freeze resistance and disease resistance. [Conclusion] Natebelay could firstly be used for Rosa cbinensis rootstock. Thornless multiflora could be used for grafting stock in cold north areas%[目的]选出亲和力强、易繁殖、适应北方寒冷地区应用的月季砧木。【方法】研究3种蔷薇砧木和10个月季品种的嫁接成活率。【结果】月季品种间和蔷薇砧木间差异都显著,月季品种和蔷薇砧木是影响月季嫁接成活的关键因素。月季×蔷薇间的互作差异不显著,月季×蔷薇间没有最优组合.Natebelay蔷薇扦插成活率较高,嫁接亲和性最强,无刺野蔷薇具有抗寒、抗病强等优点。【结论】Natebelay蔷薇应作为月季砧木首选,无刺野蔷薇可作为北方寒冷地区月季砧木

  6. Águas minerais de Santa Catarina

    OpenAIRE

    Coitinho, João Batista Lins

    2000-01-01

    Dissertação (mestrado) - Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Centro Tecnológico. Esta pesquisa representa uma análise hidrogeológica das águas minerais de Santa Catarina. Em função de suas características físico-químicas, modo de ocorrência e relações com o ambiente geológico, as águas minerais do Estado foram associadas à províncias hidrogeológicas, as quais foram subdividas em domínios/aqüíferos. Destaque especial foi dado à Província Cristalina, Domínio Meridional, por apresentar um...

  7. El Lejano Oriente en la poesía de Rosa Romojaro (Claves y motivos comparados / The far East in the Poetry of Rosa Romojaro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yanghongyi Ou

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo da cuenta, en primer lugar, de las nuevas condiciones en el ámbito occidental que facilitan una amplia recepción de la literatura de Asia Oriental. A continuación, en este contexto, desarrolla un estudio de la poesía de Rosa Romojaro, a partir de claves y motivos comparados, en especial con la lírica china y su tradición. Tras presentar la obra creadora de Rosa Romojaro, una de las poetas más sobresalientes en el panorama actual español, con la perspectiva de un crítico de origen chino, se avanzan motivos fundamentales que se dan en los textos elegidos, emparentándolos con el canon asiático: así, la naturaleza, y el grado de sutileza simbólica en la escritura de la poeta acorde con la visión oriental; el sentimiento "Hen", una emoción de significado agridulce, asociado también al paso del tiempo; la esencialidad de los poemas y sus palabras, cargadas de sentimientos; la simbología de la luna y sus reflejos metafóricos de nocturnidad; el gran motivo del viaje y del movimiento, y, unido a ello, la espera y las estaciones, el otoño; la aventura del descubrimiento en el mismo seno de lo conocido y la pureza que comporta esa mirada; las evocaciones sinestésicas; y, finalmente, las filiaciones de los poemas con las prolongaciones vitales, constituyéndose cada poema de Rosa Romojaro en un centro de expresividad compartida de motivos universales que miran a la tradición y a la modernidad. The present article pays attention, in the first place, to the new conditions which provide a wide reception of the East Asian literature in the western area. Coming up next, in this context, a study of the poetries of Rosa Romojaro has been carried out, from the key points and compared motives, especially with the Chinese lyrical poetries and its tradition. After presenting the creative work of Rosa Romojaro, one of the most outstanding Spanish poets nowadays, standing on the point of view of a Chinese original critic

  8. Small RNA and transcriptome deep sequencing proffers insight into floral gene regulation in Rosa cultivars

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kim Jungeun

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Roses (Rosa sp., which belong to the family Rosaceae, are the most economically important ornamental plants—making up 30% of the floriculture market. However, given high demand for roses, rose breeding programs are limited in molecular resources which can greatly enhance and speed breeding efforts. A better understanding of important genes that contribute to important floral development and desired phenotypes will lead to improved rose cultivars. For this study, we analyzed rose miRNAs and the rose flower transcriptome in order to generate a database to expound upon current knowledge regarding regulation of important floral characteristics. A rose genetic database will enable comprehensive analysis of gene expression and regulation via miRNA among different Rosa cultivars. Results We produced more than 0.5 million reads from expressed sequences, totalling more than 110 million bp. From these, we generated 35,657, 31,434, 34,725, and 39,722 flower unigenes from Rosa hybrid: ‘Vital’, ‘Maroussia’, and ‘Sympathy’ and Rosa rugosa Thunb. , respectively. The unigenes were assigned functional annotations, domains, metabolic pathways, Gene Ontology (GO terms, Plant Ontology (PO terms, and MIPS Functional Catalogue (FunCat terms. Rose flower transcripts were compared with genes from whole genome sequences of Rosaceae members (apple, strawberry, and peach and grape. We also produced approximately 40 million small RNA reads from flower tissue for Rosa, representing 267 unique miRNA tags. Among identified miRNAs, 25 of them were novel and 242 of them were conserved miRNAs. Statistical analyses of miRNA profiles revealed both shared and species-specific miRNAs, which presumably effect flower development and phenotypes. Conclusions In this study, we constructed a Rose miRNA and transcriptome database, and we analyzed the miRNAs and transcriptome generated from the flower tissues of four Rosa cultivars. The database provides a

  9. La subjetividad internacional de la Santa Sede

    OpenAIRE

    Mosquera Monelos, Susana

    2014-01-01

    Presentamos el caso de la subjetividad internacional de la Santa Sede como un ejemplo que nos permita afrontar un nuevo enfoque del concepto de sujeto para el derecho internacional. El cumplimiento de los requisitos clásicos de la subjetividad internacional se ha visto superado por la fuerza creadora del derecho que nuevos sujetos internacionales han impulsado: ONG, sociedad civil, transnacionales, sujetos atípicos. Analizando el mecanismo de atribución de personalidad internacional de la San...

  10. Santa Ana Winds Over Los Angeles

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-01-01

    High-resolution ocean surface wind data from NASA's Quick Scatterometer (QuikScat) illustrate the strength of Santa Ana winds that pounded Southern California this week, causing damage and spreading brush fires. The colored arrows represent various ranges of wind speed, which were still well in excess of 30 knots (34 miles per hour), even after reaching the ocean and weakening. Santa Ana winds are offshore and down-slope winds unique to Southern California that are usually channeled through mountain gaps. These Santa Ana winds extend more than 500 kilometers (310 miles) offshore before changing direction to flow along the shore.The wind speeds and directions are retrieved from range-compressed backscatter data measured by QuikScat that has much higher spatial resolution than QuikScat's standard data products. Useful applications of high-resolution science-quality wind products derived from range-compressed backscatter have been demonstrated in two scientific papers: one on Hurricane Floyd and the other on Catalina Eddies. This is the first demonstration on near-real-time retrieval applications.

  11. Seed Mass and Seed Yield of Six Roses (Rosa L., Rosaceae Adans. from Central Russia (Republic of Mordovia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khapugin Anatoliy A.

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Genus Rosa L. is one of most critical taxa within European flora. Majority works is devoted to phylogeny, taxonomy and nomenclature of roses. Investigations of morphology and ecology of roses are still relatively few in number. The aim of this study was to evaluate seed mass and seed yield of six rose species (Rosa cinnamomea, R. spinosissima, R. rugosa, R. rubiginosa, R. glauca and R. canina from populations in Central Russia (Republic of Mordovia. As a result of the study, it was revealed that Rosa rugosa has maximal num-ber of seeds per rosehip among all investigated roses. Roses from section Caninae are characterized by large number of achenes per rosehip too. In contrast, among all investigated species, Rosa cinnamomea have most minimal seed yield. Origin of Rosa spinosissima population in Ruzaevka district (Republic of Mordovia, Central Russia was proposed as uncertain according to number of seeds per rosehip. At first time, the seed mass of Rosa cinnamomea, R. glauca and R. rubiginosa was revealed.

  12. 单叶蔷薇Rosa persica Michx瘦果的生态特征和发芽研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贺海洋; 上田; 善弘; 黑泽博; 小川良子; 西野

    2007-01-01

    本文对单叶蔷薇(Rosa persica Michx)的瘦果和其他蔷薇种的生态特征、生理机能和发芽进行了实验,尽管冷藏单叶蔷薇(Rosa persica Michx)的瘦果很容易发芽,在单叶蔷薇(Rosa persica Michx)的瘦果中ABA含量非常低,假设这样低的含量影响着易发芽性,单叶蔷薇(Rosa persica Michx)的瘦果的吸胀作用比R.multiflora var.adenochaeta的大很多。花开期的20天后瘦果果皮厚度增加。单叶蔷薇(Rosa persica Michx)的瘦果果皮的外表比R.multiflora var.adenochaeta厚的多,在受精后单叶蔷薇(Rosa persica Michx)外果皮的细胞是放射性(径向的)长形的。而其他种不是长形的。本文还讨论了果皮的结构和发芽的关系。

  13. Effects of Herbal-Acupuncture with Rosae Laevigatae Fructus Extract at KI10(Umgok on Osteoporosis in Ovariectomized Mice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kim Dong-soo

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective & Methods : The purpose of this study was to observe the effects of herbal-acupuncture with Rosae Laevigatae Fructus extact(RLF-HA at KI10(Umgok on osteoporosis in ovariectomized(OVX ddy mice. We carried out several experimental items to analyze the changes in body weight, uterine weight, uterus index, tibial length, the ash bone weight, tibial BMD, serum ALP, serum osteocalcin, serum Ca, and the levels of Ca, P, Ca/P ratio in tibia, and we performed histological and histomorphological analysis as well. Results : 1. Herbal-acupuncture with Rosae Laevigatae Fructus at KI10(Umgok and saline injection at KI10(Umgok significantly inhibited the reduction of tibial calcium level in ovariectomized mice. 2. Herbal-acupuncture with Rosae Laevigatae Fructus at KI10(Umgok significantly inhibited the increase of tibial osteoclast cells in ovariectomized mice. 3. Herbal-acupuncture with Rosae Laevigatae Fructus at KI10(Umgok significantly inhibited the reduction of tibial trabecular bone thickness(TBT in ovariectomized mice. 4. Herbal-acupuncture with Rosae Laevigatae Fructus at KI10(Umgok significantly inhibited the overgrowth of tibial growth plate length(GPL in ovariectomized mice. Conclusion : These results suggested that herbal-acupuncture with Rosae Laevigatae Fructus at KI10(Umgok has a therapeutic effect on osteoporosis, and to be put to practical use in the future osteoporosis clinic.

  14. Nietzsche, Walter Benjamin, Guimarães Rosa: uma ideia de história = Nietzsche, Walter Benjamin, Guimarães Rosa: an idea of History

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roncari, Luiz

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Estudo da obra Corpo de baile, de Guimarães Rosa buscando perceber como a dispersão das personagens da primeira estória, seus reagrupamentos nas novelas intermediárias e a reintegração final, formam as ranhuras que amarravam o conjunto. Além de analisar como esses elementos de composição, que sustentam a unidade do livro, têm também um fundo ideológico, ou seja, apresentam uma visão da história e uma concepção da vida e do mundo

  15. Santa Claus Coming to Town

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU XINLIAN

    2010-01-01

    @@ A Beijing netizen using the online screen name Da Qi and a group of his Web friends had big plans to celebrate the holiday season-an evening of singing and laughing at a karaoke club the night before Christmas.But before Da Qi's Christmas festivities could begin,the plan fell through.While a karaoke room at the club usually costs 300 yuan($44.10)for four hours,the price had been jacked up to 1,200 yuan($176.50)for three hours for the Christmas,season,forcing Da Qi and his friends to cancel their plans.

  16. Botanical origin of mei-gui hua (petal of a Rosa species).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ochir, Sarangowa; Ishii, Kouta; Park, ByoungJae; Matsuta, Tomohiko; Nishizawa, Makoto; Kanazawa, Tsutomu; Funaki, Minoru; Yamagishi, Takashi

    2010-10-01

    Mei-gui hua has been used as a crude drug in traditional medicine and as herbal tea in China. The scientific name of Mei-gui is Rosa rugosa thunb. However, the morphological characteristics and botanical ecology of Mei-gui were different from those of R. rugosa. Since the botanical origins of Mei-gui cultivated in China have not yet been clarified, we compared Mei-gui and R. rugosa in terms of their morphological characteristics, phylogenetic analysis, and phytochemical studies. Our research suggested that Mei-gui cultivated around Tarim Basin in Xinjiang Province showed homology to Rosa gallica, while those cultivated in the northeastern parts of China are considered to be hybrids of R. rugosa.

  17. Outdated Language: Use of "Mental Retardation" in Medicaid HCBS Waivers Post-Rosa's Law.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Friedman, Carli

    2016-10-01

    Rosa's Law, which changed references of "mental retardation" to "intellectual disability" within federal legislation, marked recognition by the federal government that the term "mental retardation" is outdated and pejorative. However, Rosa's Law did not apply to many notable federal programs related to disability, such as Medicaid. This article explores if and how the term "mental retardation" was used within Medicaid Home and Community Based Services 1915(c) waivers, as they are the most prevalent provider of long-term services and supports for people with intellectual and developmental disabilities. Waivers provide some of the most advanced community services and the language used in them should reflect this. Although an overwhelming majority of waivers used "mental retardation," we found that the term was used less for later benchmark dates.

  18. Updates on the genus Euphorbia (Euphorbiaceae) in Santa Catarina, Brazil

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hassemer, Gustavo; Marques Da Silva, Otávio Luis; Funez, Luís Adriano

    2017-01-01

    This contribution presents updates to the knowledge of the species of Euphorbia that occur in Santa Catarina state, southern Brazil. More specifically, we here typify the names E. cyathophora, E. hirtella, E. paranensis and E. stenophylla, and present the first records of E. cyathophora, E. grami....... graminea, E. ophthalmica and E. thymifolia for Santa Catarina. Finally, we provide an updated identification key to all 30 species of Euphorbia that occur in Santa Catarina, including native, naturalised and cultivated species....

  19. Sobre a obscenidade inocente: o caderno Rosa de Lori Lamby, de Hilda Hilst

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciana Borges

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available From this text gender construction and pornography on female literature may be discussed. By reading O caderno rosa de Lori Lamby, not only the ancient prejudice over the erotic literature (what transforms written pornography into outraging political act but the way society assemble the idea that eroticism and sexual army may raise once it’s associated with the contrasts between male and female conceptions.

  20. Effects of Rosa Canina L. on Ischemia/ Reperfusion Injury in Anesthetized Rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S Karimi

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: Ischemia/reperfusion induced acute renal failure causes excretory functional disorders of nephrons. Ischemia/reperfusion injury is accompanied by generation of reactive oxygen species that leads to dysfunction, injury, and death of renal cells. Antioxidants of plant origin minimize the harmful effects of reactive oxygen species. The aim of this study was to determine the possible therapeutic potentials of Rosa canina L. in preventing renal functional disturbances during the post-ischemic reperfusion period. Methods: In this experimental study undertaken for evaluating renal excretory function in 30 male Wistar rats, renal ischemia was induced by occluding both renal arteries for 45 min, followed by 24 h of reperfusion. The rats received 2 ml of tap water or a hydroalcoholic extract of Rosa canina (500 mg/kg orally for 7 days before induction of ischemia. In plasma samples, creatinine and urea nitrogen levels were measured, and in renal tissue samples, red blood cells were counted. The data were analyzed using ANOVA and Duncan tests.Results: Renal ischemia for 45 minutes increased plasma levels of creatinine (P<0.001 and nitrogen urea (P<0.01 while reducing red blood cell counts in renal glomeruli (P<0.001. Rosa canina administration diminished the increase in creatinine (P<0.001 and nitrogen urea concentrations (P<0.01, and prevented reductions in red blood cell counts in renal glomeruli (P<0.001. Conclusion: Rosa canina seems to be useful as a preventive agent against renal damages induced by ischemia/reperfusion injuries in rats.

  1. Enzyme-Assisted Extraction of Polyphenols From Rose (Rosa Damascena Mill.) Petals

    OpenAIRE

    Kalcheva-Karadzhova Krasimira; Shikov Vasil; Mihalev Kiril; Dobrev Georgi; Ludneva Danka; Penov Nikolai

    2014-01-01

    : The efficiency of enzyme-assisted extraction for the recovery of polyphenols from rose (Rosa damascena Mill.) petals was evaluated performing a simplex centroid experimental design for mixture with three components (pectinolytic, cellulolytic and hemicellulolytic preparation). The ternary enzyme combinations leaded to the highest contents of total polyphenols, reaching 43% higher average value as compared to the control (without enzymatic treatment) sample. Enzymatic treatments also enhance...

  2. Antidepressant-like effect of aqueous extract from Rosa damascena in mice

    OpenAIRE

    Karim Dolati; Hassan Rakhshandeh; Mohammad Naser Shafei

    2011-01-01

    Objective: Rosa damascena mill L (R. damascena) is an ornamental plant that has several therapeutic (such as sedative and hypnotic) effects. It also heals depression, grief, nervous stress and tension. In the present study we evaluated antidepressant-like effect of R. damascena using forced swimming test (FST). Material and Methods: Three doses of aqueous extract (15, 60 and 90 mg/kg) was injected intraperitoneally. After 30 min of injection, immobility and swimming times were measured and...

  3. ARCHAEOLOGY, MUSEUM AND PERSPECTIVES: THE MUSEOLOGICAL DIAGNOSIS OF THE PORANGATU MUSEUM ANGELO ROSA DE MOURA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuelina Maria Duarte Cândido

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Cet article présente le processus de travail effectué pour développer le diagnostic muséologique du Musée Ângelo Rosa de Moura, à Porangatu(GO, et discuter de l'importance de ce type de méthodologie pour la calification de ces institutions dans la préservation des collections archéologiques.

  4. Labeo rosae (Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae) in the Congo basin: a relict distribution or a historical introduction?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Steenberge, M; Gajdzik, L; Chilala, A; Snoeks, J; Vreven, E

    2014-11-01

    Labeo rosae, a species with a native range in Southern Africa, was discovered in the Congo basin by re-identification of two museum specimens previously identified as Labeo mesops. The occurrence of this species in the upper Congo implies a range extension of the species of more than 1000 km. Although the species' distribution is mirrored by that of some other Cypriniformes, its occurrence in the Congo might be due to introduction by humans.

  5. THE ROLE OF EMPLOYEE PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL AT CASA DE LA ROSA TIMISOARA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SILVIA VLAD

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this research is to analyze the most important aspects of employee performance appraisal role in a hotel. The research is based on highlighting the major aspects of employee performance appraisal at Casa de la Rosa Hotel and aims the aspects related to the hotel performance. The aim of this evaluation is to observe and to analyze the employee time evolution and the way they complete their tasks and their job requirements.

  6. Taxonomic significance of achene morphology of selected Rosa taxa (Rosaceae occurring in Poland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrzej M. Jagodziński

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Achenes of roses were rarely studied and the studies were focused on anatomical research, mainly on pericarp structure and its development. We investigated the achene morphology by light- and scanning electron microscopy (LM and SEM of 17 Rosa taxa from three sections (R. gallica from Gallicanae section, R. pendulina and R. rugosa from Rosa section, and R. agrestis, R. canina, R. canina var. corymbifera, R. dumalis, R. dumalis var. caesia, R. inodora, R. jundzillii, R. micrantha, R. rubiginosa, R. sherardii, R. ×subcanina, R. tomentosa, R. villosa, R. zalana from Caninae section. Eight quantitative and eight qualitative features were examined based on 9181 achenes, in total. Average achene size ranged from 4.37 to 5.39 mm in length and from 2.57 to 3.32 mm in width. The lowest morphological variability among the examined taxa was found in R. canina var. corymbifera, and the highest in R. gallica, R. inodora, and R. sherardii. The most diagnostic features of the achenes studied were suture (visible or invisible, presence or absence of hairs, hairs distribution and density, the exocarp sculpture and cuticle pattern type (we have distinguished four exocarp sculpture and three cuticle pattern types, and length. Qualitative achene features have significantly higher diagnostic value than quantitative ones. Taxonomical value of these features is quite high on the species and section level. Our study has shown that the previously mentioned morphological features of achenes can be used as valuable, additional diagnostic features in delimitation of Rosa taxa at the species and section level. Based on the morphological features of achenes, a determination key for all Rosa taxa studied was created.

  7. In vitro antibacterial activity of Hibiscus rosa-sinensis flower extract against human pathogens

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ruban P; Gajalakshmi K

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To access the in vitro antibacterial activity of Hibiscus rosa-sinensis (H. rosa- sinensis) flower extract against human pathogens. Methods: Antibacterial activity was evaluated by using disc and agar diffusion methods. The protein was run through poly acrylmide gel electrophoresis to view their protein profile. Results: The results showed that the cold extraction illustrates a maximum zone of inhibition against Bacillus subtillis (B. subtillis), Escherichia coli (E. coli) viz., (17.00 ± 2.91), (14.50 ± 1.71) mm, followed by hot extraction against, E. coli, Salmonella sp. as (11.66 ± 3.14), (10.60 ± 3.09) mm. In methanol extraction showed a highest zone of inhibition recorded against B. subtillis, E. coli as (18.86 ± 0.18), (18.00 ± 1.63) mm pursued by ethanol extraction showed utmost zone of inhibition recorded against Salmonella sp. at (20.40 ± 1.54) mm. The crude protein from flower showed a maximum inhibitory zone observed against Salmonella sp., E. coliviz., (16.55 ± 1.16), (14.30 ± 2.86) mm. The flower material can be taken as an alternative source of antibacterial agent against the human pathogens. Conclusions: The extracts of the H. rosa-sinensis are proved to have potential antibacterial activity, further studies are highly need for the drug development.

  8. Recirculation pump discharge line break tests at ROSA-III for a boiling water reactor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Suzuki, M.; Anoda, Y.; Kumamaru, H.; Nakamura, H.; Shiba, M.; Tasaka, K.

    1985-08-01

    Three loss-of-coolant accident (LOCA) tests were conducted at the Rig of Safety Assessment (ROSA)-III test facility, which simulates boiling water reactor (BWR)/6-251 with a volumetric scaling factor of 1/424. The fundamental features of the recirculation pump discharge line break LOCA and the effects of break areas on the features are investigated. It has been confirmed experimentally that the LOCA phenomena in the discharge line break are analogous to those in the suction line break with the same effective choking flow area, which is a sum of the least choking flow areas along the break flow paths and controls the system pressure responses. In general, the maximum effective choking flow area is (A /SUB j/ + A /SUB p/ ) for discharge line breaks and (A /SUB j/ + A /SUB o/ ) for suction line breaks, where A /SUB j/ , A /SUB p/ , and A /SUB o/ are the flow areas of the jet pump drive nozzles, the main recirculation pump discharge nozzle, and the break, respectively. The similarity between the ROSA-III test and a BWR LOCA has been confirmed in the key phenomena by the analyses using the RELAP5/MOD1 code. An atypical behavior is observed in the fuel rod surface temperature transient in the early phase of blowdown due to the limitation of the ROSA-III initial core power.

  9. Anthelmintic Activities of Aporphine from Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn. cv. Rosa-plena against Hymenolepis nana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rong-Jyh Lin

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn. cv. Rosa-plena (Nelumbonaceae, commonly known as lotus, is a perennial aquatic plant grown and consumed throughout Asia. All parts of N. nucifera have been used for various medicinal purposes in oriental medicine. From the leaves of Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn. cv. Rosa-plena (an aquatic plant, liriodenine (1, lysicamine (2, (--anonaine (3, (--asimilobine (4, (--caaverine (5, (--N-methylasimilobine (6, (--nuciferine (7, (--nornuciferine (8, (--roemerine (9, 7-hydroxydehydronuciferine (10 and cepharadione B (11 were isolated and identification and anthelmintic activities of aporphine was evaluated against Anisakis simplex and Hymenolepis nana. This study found that the above constituents killed H. nana or reduced their spontaneous movements (oscillation/peristalsis. However, the above constituents at various concentrations demonstrated no larvicidal effect or ability to halt spontaneous parasite movement for 72 h against A. simplex, respectively. In addition, according to an assay of cestocidal activity against H. nana and nematocidal activity against A. simplex, we found that the above compounds showed greater lethal efficacy on H. nana than against A. simplex. Further investigation showed that these above constituents have effects against peroxyl radicals under cestocidal effect. Together, these findings suggest that these constituents of Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn. cv. Rosa-plena might be used as anthelmintic agents against H. nana.

  10. Potential geographical distributions of the fruit flies Ceratitis capitata, Ceratitis cosyra, and Ceratitis rosa in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Baini; Ma, Jun; Hu, Xuenan; Liu, Haijun; Zhang, Runjie

    2009-10-01

    There have been relatively few attempts to model the distributions of the fruit flies Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann), Ceratitis cosyra (Walker), and Ceratitis rosa Karsch in China, but the geographic distributions of these species are of considerable concern in terms of biosecurity. In this study, two different modeling methods (genetic algorithm for rule-set prediction [GARP] and maximum entropy species distribution modeling [Maxent]) were used to predict the potential distributions of these three fly species in China, by using distribution records and a set of environmental predictor variables. The results showed that Maxent performed well, compared with modeling by GARP, at each test threshold. For all three species, the results predicted by Maxent agreed with the observed distributions in Africa and in other parts of the world. In China, C. capitata seems to have the highest number of favorable habitat areas, relative to C. cosyra and C. rosa, i.e., Yunnan, Guizhou, Guangxi, Guangdong, Hainan, Fujian, Sichuan and Chongqing, whereas C. cosyra has the smallest range of suitable areas, i.e., Yunnan, some parts of Hainan and Sichuan. The suitable areas for C. rosa are mainly restricted to Yunnan, Hainan, southern Guangdong, and a few areas of Sichuan. The indications are that on the whole, Southwest and South China are the areas with the highest risk for establishment from these three fly species. Jackknife tests reveal that environmental variables associated with temperature have the strongest influence on the potential distributions of all three species relative to other variables.

  11. E uma rosa se abre: a guerra e a flor na poesia de Drummond

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valéria Daiane Soares Rodrigues

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Carlos Drummond de Andrade, em A Rosa do Povo (1945 articula, por meio da palavra e da criação de um “eu” lírico habitante de um mundo em guerra, a construção de uma imagem, imbuída de teor histórico, do Brasil dos anos finais da 2ª guerra mundial. Os versos traduzem a experiência do Drummond gauche, angustiado pelos problemas do seu tempo, em que a individualidade advinda da fragmentação do homem moderno é marca do conflito entre o “eu” lírico e o mundo. O poeta descreve de forma melancólica a degeneração das coisas e dos homens, em meio à consciência paralisante e a falta de perspectivas. A força que emerge do símbolo da rosa respalda o acento poético do Itabirano: a destruição dos valores provocados pela morte e pelo derramar de sangue contrasta com o brotar da flor no asfalto.  Do chão forrado de cadáveres, emerge uma rosa, numa representação da resistência humana.

  12. Anthelmintic activities of aporphine from Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn. cv. Rosa-plena against Hymenolepis nana.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Rong-Jyh; Wu, Mei-Hsuan; Ma, Yi-Hsuan; Chung, Li-Yu; Chen, Chung-Yi; Yen, Chuan-Min

    2014-02-27

    Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn. cv. Rosa-plena (Nelumbonaceae), commonly known as lotus, is a perennial aquatic plant grown and consumed throughout Asia. All parts of N. nucifera have been used for various medicinal purposes in oriental medicine. From the leaves of Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn. cv. Rosa-plena (an aquatic plant), liriodenine (1), lysicamine (2), (-)-anonaine (3), (-)-asimilobine (4), (-)-caaverine (5), (-)-N-methylasimilobine (6), (-)-nuciferine (7), (-)-nornuciferine (8), (-)-roemerine (9), 7-hydroxydehydronuciferine (10) and cepharadione B (11) were isolated and identification and anthelmintic activities of aporphine was evaluated against Anisakis simplex and Hymenolepis nana. This study found that the above constituents killed H. nana or reduced their spontaneous movements (oscillation/peristalsis). However, the above constituents at various concentrations demonstrated no larvicidal effect or ability to halt spontaneous parasite movement for 72 h against A. simplex, respectively. In addition, according to an assay of cestocidal activity against H. nana and nematocidal activity against A. simplex, we found that the above compounds showed greater lethal efficacy on H. nana than against A. simplex. Further investigation showed that these above constituents have effects against peroxyl radicals under cestocidal effect. Together, these findings suggest that these constituents of Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn. cv. Rosa-plena might be used as anthelmintic agents against H. nana.

  13. Comparative Analysis of the Properties of Acid-Base Indicator of Rose (Rosa setigera, Allamanda (Allamanda cathartica, and Hibiscus (Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Flowers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stanley I. R. Okoduwa

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The need to develop effective alternative for synthetic indicators is the demand of present-day chemistry. The acid-base indicator properties of Rose (Rosa setigera, Allamanda (Allamanda cathartica, and Hibiscus (Hibiscus rosa-sinensis flowers were examined. Colour pigments were extracted from the flowers via cold and solvent extraction using soxhlet extractor. The pH value of the extracts with wavelengths of absorption was determined using ultraviolet spectrophotometer. From the results obtained, all the extracts exhibited sharp contrast between their colours in acid and base. Their pH was found to be 5.5 for cold extract of Rose and 5.6 for solvent extraction, 5.24 for cold extract of a Hibiscus and 6.52 for solvent extraction, 5.35 for cold extract of Allamanda, and 5.45 for solvent extraction. The maximum wavelengths of absorption obtained for all the extract fall within the visible region of electromagnetic spectrum. These values are almost similar to that obtained from synthetic indicators. It is on these bases that we concluded that natural indicators could be an excellent replacement for synthetic indicators since they are cheap, readily available, simple to extract, not toxic, user and environmentally friendly.

  14. Chocho de Santa Catarina Ocotlan, Oaxaca (Chocho of Santa Catarina Ocotlan, Oaxaca).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mexico Coll. (Mexico City)

    This document is one of 17 volumes on indigenous Mexican languages and is the result of a project undertaken by the Archivo de Lenguas Indigenas de Mexico. This volume contains information on Chocho, an indigenous language of Mexico spoken in Santa Catarina Ocotlan, in the state of Oaxaca. The objective of collecting such a representative sampling…

  15. Mixteco de Santa Maria Penoles, Oaxaca (Mixtec of Santa Maria Penoles, Oaxaca).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mexico Coll. (Mexico City)

    This document is one of 17 volumes on indigenous Mexican languages and is the result of a project undertaken Archivo de Lenguas Indigenas de Mexico. This volume contains information on Mixtec, an indigenous language of Mexico spoken in Santa Maria Penoles in the state of Oaxaca. The objective of collecting such a representative sampling of the…

  16. 77 FR 36955 - Security Zone; Cruise Ships, Santa Barbara Harbor, Santa Barbara, CA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-20

    ... cruise ship located within 3 nautical miles of the Santa Barbara Harbor Breakwater Light (Light List... impact a terrorist attack against a cruise ship would have on the public interest, the Coast Guard... sea floor within a 100-yard radius of any cruise ship which is located within 3 nautical miles...

  17. Compostos bioativos em polpas de mangas 'rosa' e 'espada' submetidas ao branqueamento e congelamento

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucimara Piauí Soares

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available A manga (Mangifera indica L. constitui uma importante fonte de compostos bioativos, dentre os quais se destacam os carotenoides e a vitamina C, que contribuem para a promoção da saúde. Vários métodos podem ser utilizados para conservação de alimentos a fim de aproveitar melhor os frutos durante a safra e permitir seu armazenamento fora de época de produção. No entanto, podem alterar a qualidade nutricional do alimento. Dessa forma, sendo o branqueamento e o congelamento métodos que são utilizados no processamento industrial para conservação de polpas de frutas, objetivou-se, neste trabalho, analisar a influência do branqueamento e do congelamento sobre os teores de carotenoides totais e ácido ascórbico em mangas 'Rosa' e 'Espada' em relação ao tempo de armazenamento. As mangas no estádio maduro, após serem colhidas, lavadas, cortadas e despolpadas, foram submetidas ao congelamento (-18ºC ou branqueamento por imersão em água (75ºC, por 3 minutos ou branqueamento por vapor em água fervente, por 3 minutos. Em seguida, foram realizadas as determinações bioquímicas dos teores de carotenoides totais e ácido ascórbico no tempo zero e após 20; 40 e 60 dias de armazenamento sob congelamento. Após análise dos resultados obtidos, conclui-se que, na forma in natura (tempo zero, as variedades Rosa e Espada apresentam os máximos teores de ácido ascórbico, porém o uso do branqueamento com vapor e o congelamento após 60 dias de armazenamento provocam perdas de, respectivamente, 53% ('Rosa' e 35% ('Espada'; 72% ('Rosa' e 60% ('Espada' destes compostos. No branqueamento por imersão em água, há perda completa do ácido ascórbico nas polpas das variedades Rosa e Espada. Em relação aos carotenoides totais, os valores foram semelhantes em polpas branqueadas a vapor e sem branqueamento no tempo zero,com tendência de redução durante o longo da armazenagem.

  18. Geologic Map of the Santa Barbara Coastal Plain Area, Santa Barbara County, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minor, Scott A.; Kellogg, Karl S.; Stanley, Richard G.; Gurrola, Larry D.; Keller, Edward A.; Brandt, Theodore R.

    2009-01-01

    This report presents a newly revised and expanded digital geologic map of the Santa Barbara coastal plain area at a compilation scale of 1:24,000 (one inch on the map to 2,000 feet on the ground)1 and with a horizontal positional accuracy of at least 20 m. The map depicts the distribution of bedrock units and surficial deposits and associated deformation underlying and adjacent to the coastal plain within the contiguous Dos Pueblos Canyon, Goleta, Santa Barbara, and Carpinteria 7.5' quadrangles. The new map supersedes an earlier preliminary geologic map of the central part of the coastal plain (Minor and others, 2002; revised 2006) that provided coastal coverage only within the Goleta and Santa Barbara quadrangles. In addition to new mapping to the west and east, geologic mapping in parts of the central map area has been significantly revised from the preliminary map compilation - especially north of downtown Santa Barbara in the Mission Ridge area - based on new structural interpretations supplemented by new biostratigraphic data. All surficial and bedrock map units, including several new units recognized in the areas of expanded mapping, are described in detail in the accompanying pamphlet. Abundant new biostratigraphic and biochronologic data based on microfossil identifications are presented in expanded unit descriptions of the marine Neogene Monterey and Sisquoc Formations. Site-specific fault kinematic observations embedded in the digital map database are more complete owing to the addition of slip-sense determinations. Finally, the pamphlet accompanying the present report includes an expanded and refined summary of stratigraphic and structural observations and interpretations that are based on the composite geologic data contained in the new map compilation. The Santa Barbara coastal plain is located in the western Transverse Ranges physiographic province along an east-west-trending segment of the southern California coastline about 100 km (62 mi) northwest

  19. PRECENCIA DE LOS NEGROS EN SANTA MARTA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edgar Rey Sinning

    2002-08-01

    Full Text Available Partimos de señalar que las investigaciones sobre los negros en la Provincia de Santa Marta, son escasas; sin embargo, podemos afirmar que dos trabajos dan cuenta de su presencia en la ciudad y en todo su territorio. El primero, de ellos es la reciente publicación sobre la esclavitud entre los años 1791- 1851, de Dolcey Romero Jaramillo que revisa el papel de los negros en dicha provincia y ciudad. El otro es nuestro estudio sobre 10s negros llegados a Santa Marta desde el Departamento de Bolívar, en la década de los 80 del siglo pasado, titulado "Cristo Rey: Un Espacio para permanecer en el Tiempo". El presente artículo elabora una cronología de la presencia de los negros esclavos que llegaron a Santa Marta desde 1525, año de su fundación. Se señala cómo durante los primeros años se fueron autorizando dos (2 esclavos negros para algunas personas importantes, destinados a1 servicio doméstico. Política que se comienza a modificar a partir de 1535, cuando se le autorizan cien (100 esclavos al Gobernador Pedro Fernández de Lugo, y desde entonces, es importante su presencia en oficios varios, sobre todo en las actividades de las haciendas cercanas a Santa Marta, hasta el siglo XIX. A finales de ese siglo y comienzos del XX, es significativa su vinculación a] muelle -más tarde puerto-, como "muelleros" o "portuarios", asumiendo la responsabilidad de garantizar las actividades de carga y descarga del puerto samario. Igualmente se muestra su papel determinante en la construcción de las líneas férreas que unirían a la ciudad-puerto con la "Zona Bananera". Es para esta última actividad, que se traen negros desde Jamaica conocidos como "yumecas", llamados "yumecas" por los samarios.

  20. 2007款现代Santa Fe

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    现代为了开发新款Santa Fe(圣达菲)投入了1.55亿美元的资金,整个研发过程历时26个月,仅从车身长度看,新车增加了175mm。达到4675mm,同时轴距增加到2700mm。而车宽也增加了45mm,达到1890mm。

  1. 33 CFR 80.1102 - Santa Catalina Island, CA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Santa Catalina Island, CA. 80.1102 Section 80.1102 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY INTERNATIONAL NAVIGATION RULES COLREGS DEMARCATION LINES Pacific Coast § 80.1102 Santa Catalina Island, CA....

  2. 46 CFR 7.115 - Santa Catalina Island, CA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Santa Catalina Island, CA. 7.115 Section 7.115 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY PROCEDURES APPLICABLE TO THE PUBLIC BOUNDARY LINES Pacific Coast § 7.115 Santa Catalina Island, CA. (a) A line drawn from the northernmost point of Lion Head...

  3. 33 CFR 80.1138 - Santa Cruz Harbor, CA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Santa Cruz Harbor, CA. 80.1138 Section 80.1138 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY INTERNATIONAL NAVIGATION RULES COLREGS DEMARCATION LINES Pacific Coast § 80.1138 Santa Cruz Harbor, CA. A line drawn...

  4. 33 CFR 80.1126 - Santa Barbara Harbor, CA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Santa Barbara Harbor, CA. 80.1126 Section 80.1126 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY INTERNATIONAL NAVIGATION RULES COLREGS DEMARCATION LINES Pacific Coast § 80.1126 Santa Barbara Harbor, CA. A line...

  5. Free inside: The Music Class at Santa Ana Jail

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fierro, Joe

    2010-01-01

    This article examines the workings of the music class at the Santa Ana Jail in Santa Ana, California. It gives us insight into a jail system and a music class focused on helping inmates position themselves to become productive members of society. In this article I examine how the facility encourages inmates' good behaviour and why the music class…

  6. 27 CFR 9.31 - Santa Cruz Mountains.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Santa Cruz Mountains. 9.31... Cruz Mountains. (a) Name. The name of the viticultural area described in this section is “Santa Cruz Mountains.” (b) Approved maps. The 24 approved U.S.G.S. maps for determining the boundaries are 23...

  7. "Santa Maria" forever : Eesti ja Portugali kirjandussuhetest / Toomas Haug

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Haug, Toomas, 1956-

    2012-01-01

    Jaanuaris 1961 Portugali diktaatorlikule režiimile protestiks kaaperdatud laevast "Santa Maria", mis sai omamoodi vabaduse ja vastuhaku sümboliks ka okupeeritud Eestis. Artiklis käsitletakse sellest sündmusest mõjutatud teoseid, täpsemalt Aleksander Suumanni maali "Santa Maria" ja Paul-Eerik Rummo samanimelist luuletust

  8. "Santa Maria" forever : Eesti ja Portugali kirjandussuhetest / Toomas Haug

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Haug, Toomas, 1956-

    2015-01-01

    Jaanuaris 1961 Portugali diktaatorlikule režiimile protestiks kaaperdatud laevast "Santa Maria", mis sai omamoodi vabaduse ja vastuhaku sümboliks ka okupeeritud Eestis. Artiklis käsitletakse sellest sündmusest mõjutatud teoseid, täpsemalt Aleksander Suumanni maali "Santa Maria" ja Paul-Eerik Rummo samanimelist luuletust

  9. 77 FR 39726 - Land Acquisitions: Pueblo of Santa Clara

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-05

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Bureau of Indian Affairs Land Acquisitions: Pueblo of Santa Clara AGENCY: Bureau of Indian Affairs... into trust for the Pueblo of Santa Clara on January 27, 2012. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:...

  10. "Santa Maria" forever : Eesti ja Portugali kirjandussuhetest / Toomas Haug

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Haug, Toomas, 1956-

    2012-01-01

    Jaanuaris 1961 Portugali diktaatorlikule režiimile protestiks kaaperdatud laevast "Santa Maria", mis sai omamoodi vabaduse ja vastuhaku sümboliks ka okupeeritud Eestis. Artiklis käsitletakse sellest sündmusest mõjutatud teoseid, täpsemalt Aleksander Suumanni maali "Santa Maria" ja Paul-Eerik Rummo samanimelist luuletust

  11. "Santa Maria" forever : Eesti ja Portugali kirjandussuhetest / Toomas Haug

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Haug, Toomas, 1956-

    2015-01-01

    Jaanuaris 1961 Portugali diktaatorlikule režiimile protestiks kaaperdatud laevast "Santa Maria", mis sai omamoodi vabaduse ja vastuhaku sümboliks ka okupeeritud Eestis. Artiklis käsitletakse sellest sündmusest mõjutatud teoseid, täpsemalt Aleksander Suumanni maali "Santa Maria" ja Paul-Eerik Rummo samanimelist luuletust

  12. Analysis of growth curve in Santa Ines females sheep

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elisa Junqueira Oliveira

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available In a sheep production system, the growth-related characteristics have direct relationship to both, quantity and quality of meat. The objective of this study was to evaluate the application of non-linear models to report the growth curve of Santa Inês sheep. Weights of 140 females, born from2010 to 2012, from a single herd at Cravinhos- SP were used. The weights were measured from birth to about one year of age and the ages were grouped together in biweekly classes. The average weight observed at birth was of 3.77±0.92 kg. The non-linear models utilized in the data adjustment were the Brody, Gompertz, Logistic and Von Bertalanffy models, adjusted by the Gauss-Newton method by means of NLIN procedure, available in SAS software. The parameters which compose the functions, Wt (kg is the weight in time t (days; A (kg is the asymptotic weight when age tends to infinity; b is an integration constant, related to the initial weights of the animals and not well defined biological interpretation, and k is the maturity rate. The average estimates for A and k, are the most important from an zootechnical parameters point of view, mainly because heavier females tend to create faster growing sheep. All the models evaluated reached convergence. The quality of the models adjustment was done by error mean square (EMS means. From the EMS results , the Gompertz model showed the best adjustment, which indicates increased association between the observed and estimated weights, in spite of the EMS values being quite close in all models, pointing out that all were adequate to report the growth curve from birth to one year of age in females of Santa Inês breed.

  13. Laeliocattleya 'Brazilian Girl Rosa': cultivar de orquídea para cultivo em vaso Laeliocattleya 'Brazilian Girl Rosa': orchid cultivar for pot growth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean C Cardoso

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available A obtenção de cultivares de espécies ornamentais é estratégica para o desenvolvimento do país e possibilita obter plantas adaptadas às condições climáticas de cultivo. Aproximadamente 200 plantas de um cruzamento intergenérico entre um híbrido de Cattleya e outro de Laelia foram submetidos à seleção massal na fase de desenvolvimento vegetativo, selecionado-se aquelas com desenvolvimento mais rápido e sem sintomas de pragas e doenças. Ao final de três anos e meio, uma planta com características de crescimento vegetativo vigoroso, sem sintomas das principais pragas e doenças da cultura e boa qualidade de floração foi selecionada como nova cultivar Laeliocattleya 'Brazilian Girl Rosa'. A primeira floração demonstrou inflorescência longa e boa arquitetura com quatro flores de diâmetro médio de 11,7 cm, pétalas e sépalas firmes e proporcionais ao tamanho das flores. A coloração predominante das flores foi o rosa, com senescência aos 20 dias após a antese.The generation of cultivars of ornamental species is strategic for the country development and provides the achievement of plants which are adapted to the climatic conditions for cultivation. Nearly 200 plants from an intergeneric cross between a hybrid of Cattleya and another hybrid of Laelia were subjected to mass selection during the vegetative stage. The ones with quick development and without symptoms of pests and diseases were selected. After three and a half years, a plant presenting vigorous vegetative growth, no symptoms of the crop major pests and diseases and high flowering quality was selected as the new 'Brazilian Girl Rosa' cultivar of Laeliocattleya. The first flowering displayed good architecture and a long inflorescence with four flowers presenting an average diameter of 11.7 cm and, also, firm petals and sepals which were proportional to the flower size. Pink was the flower predominant color and the senescence occurred 20 days after anthesis.

  14. Heavy rainfall equations for Santa Catarina, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Álvaro José Back

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Knowledge of intensity-duration-frequency (IDF relationships of rainfall events is extremely important to determine the dimensions of surface drainage structures and soil erosion control. The purpose of this study was to obtain IDF equations of 13 rain gauge stations in the state of Santa Catarina in Brazil: Chapecó, Urussanga, Campos Novos, Florianópolis, Lages, Caçador, Itajaí, Itá, Ponte Serrada, Porto União, Videira, Laguna and São Joaquim. The daily rainfall data charts of each station were digitized and then the annual maximum rainfall series were determined for durations ranging from 5 to 1440 min. Based on these, with the Gumbel-Chow distribution, the maximum rainfall was estimated for durations ranging from 5 min to 24 h, considering return periods of 2, 5, 10, 20, 25, 50, and 100 years,. Data agreement with the Gumbel-Chow model was verified by the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, at 5 % significance level. For each rain gauge station, two IDF equations of rainfall events were adjusted, one for durations from 5 to 120 min and the other from 120 to 1440 min. The results show a high variability in maximum intensity of rainfall events among the studied stations. Highest values of coefficients of variation in the annual maximum series of rainfall were observed for durations of over 600 min at the stations of the coastal region of Santa Catarina.

  15. Napoleone Martinuzzi per la chiesa di Santa Maria di Lourdes a Mestre

    OpenAIRE

    Pace, Alvise

    2016-01-01

    Reading the impressive plaster sculptural group of Martinuzzi (1963, signed) inside the Santa Maria of Lourdes Church, at Mestre – an unicum in the artistic production of our sculptor – the author finds stylistic references to the long course of the venetian plastic art, from Byzantine influences to that 15th century ones, and more recent formal consonances to the main avant-garde movements of the 1900 first decades.

  16. Frequencies of polymorphisms of the Rh, Kell, Kidd, Duffy and Diego systems of Santa Catarina, Southern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daiane Cobianchi Costa

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Red blood cell genes are highly polymorphic with the distribution of alleles varying between different populations and ethnic groups. The objective of this study was to investigate gene polymorphisms of blood groups in the state of Santa Catarina, Southern Brazil. METHODS: Three hundred and seventy-three unrelated blood donors and 31 transfusion-dependent patients were evaluated to investigate polymorphisms of the Rh, Kell, Duffy, Kidd, and Diego blood group systems in a population from the state of Santa Catarina. The subjects, from seven regions that comprise the blood-banking network of the state, were assessed between August 2011 and March 2014. The genotypes of the Rh, Kell, Duffy, Kidd, and Diego systems were determined using the restriction fragment length polymorphism-polymerase chain reaction and allele-specific polymerase chain reaction techniques. RESULTS: The genotype frequencies in this study were significantly different when populations from different regions of Santa Catarina were compared. Furthermore, there were also significant differences in the genetic frequencies compared to other Brazilian states. The genotype frequencies of the Kell and Kidd blood groups are similar to European populations from Naples, Italy and Zurich, Switzerland. CONCLUSION: This article reports for the first time the frequency of polymorphisms of blood group systems in blood donors from Santa Catarina, Southern Brazil.

  17. Análise do discurso midiático do projeto "acolhida na colônia" na atividade do agroturismo em Santa Rosa de Lima - SC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felipe Borborema Cunha Lima

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The subject of this article is the architectural and landscape complex of Igarassu, more specifically the interrelationships between cultural heritage, tourism and public management in the historic site. The field work showed that the current pattern of tourism is an instrument of devaluation and deterioration of this heritage, leaving reduced benefits to the city. This results from the external control of the flow of tourists and visitors, as well as the lack of effective public control and regulation by local government. Given the nature of the tourism market, specifically the agencies and tour guides, and public management in Igarassu, relevant changes in the interrelationships cited above are assessed as unlikely to happen, at least in the short and medium term.

  18. El derecho y la gestión local de agua en Santa Rosa de Ocopa, Junín, Perú

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Guevara Gil, J.A.

    2011-01-01

    Municipalidades y Comités de Regantes no son predios usualmente visitados por los legisladores y expertos que predican sobre la historia o la gestión actual del agua en el Perú. Y es que el canon oficial y académico los ha desterrado de su campo de observación, reflexión e intervención. Y lo ha hech

  19. Modelo agroecológico del agroecosistema en la Finca Alto Calima Vereda San Juan, Santa Rosa de Cabal, Risaralda, Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Insuasty Jennifer

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se estudió el agroecosistema de la finca Alto Calima que utiliza prácticas agroecológicas y está ubicada en la cuenca media del rió Otún, vereda San Juan, Risaralda (Colombia. Dentro de un enfoque ecosistémico, se establecieron las relaciones de entradas y salidas de materia
    y energía, al igual que las relaciones internas del sistema agrícola; de esta manera se determinó si el sistema utilizado era sostenible. Por medio de preguntas en torno al funcionamiento y manejo del sistema agrícola, se pudo establecer que la finca cumple con los supuestos de sustentabilidad, debido a que la energía invertida en el manejo del sistema es equivalente o menor a la producción obtenida. De esta manera la producción se mantiene durante el año y es suficiente para asegurar la alimentación básica de la familia. El plan de manejo de la finca ha restablecido procesos ecológicos que logran regular los componentes del sistema. Este modelo ha propiciado el control biológico natural por medio de un manejo integrado de plagas; el mantenimiento de alta biodiversidad (más de 200 variedades de plantas; y el ciclaje interno de nutrientes suficiente para proveer energéticamente al sistema, evitando los subsidios de energía externa. Finalmente, se puede promover una integración regional, si más unidades productivas acogen este sistema, que aunque
    debe mejorar en sus procesos, conseguiría que la población campesina se agrupe y obtenga mayores beneficios de estas prácticas, entre ellos la ampliación de los mercados.

  20. El derecho y la gestión local de agua en Santa Rosa de Ocopa, Junín, Perú

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Guevara Gil, J.A.

    2011-01-01

    Municipalidades y Comités de Regantes no son predios usualmente visitados por los legisladores y expertos que predican sobre la historia o la gestión actual del agua en el Perú. Y es que el canon oficial y académico los ha desterrado de su campo de observación, reflexión e intervención. Y lo ha hech

  1. LA TECNOLOGÍA DE LA INFORMACIÓN COMO FACTOR COMPETITIVO: UN ESTUDIO EN EL APL COSECHA METAL-MECÁNICO SANTA ROSA/HORIZONTINA, RS, BRASIL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Graniel, Gilmar J.

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo aborda la utilización de la Tecnología de la Información (TI como factor competitivo en un Arreglo Productivo Local (APL Cosecha Metal-Mecánica en el estado de Río Grande del Sur, Brasil y tiene como objetivo buscar la comprensión de como el uso de la TI contribuye al aumento de la competitividad. Para alcanzar este objetivo, fue realizada una investigación en las empresas que componen el APL. Los resultados de la investigación indicaron que las empresas perciben la importancia del uso de la TI, pero que, en la práctica, su utilización es limitada, sobre todo tratándose de la planificación de la TI. Otro de los resultados que se encontró es que las empresas, aunque formen parte del APL, aún no colaboran entre sí, ya sea a través del cambio de informaciones, o a través de Sistemas de Información. Las principales recomendaciones ante estos resultados es que las empresas traten de actuar activamente para el fortalecimiento del APL. En lo que se refiere al uso de la TI se hace necesaria la planificación y la inversión en la adquisición de sistemas integrados para la mejor gerencia de las informaciones, lo cual contribuirá al aumento de la competitividad de las empresas que pertenecen al arreglo.

  2. Respuesta de la fertilización con Boro en el cultivo de Alfalfa Médica sativa Santa Rosa de Cusumba

    OpenAIRE

    Guantarilla, Nelson; Izquierdo Cadena, Freddy

    2005-01-01

    Las prederas naturales e introducidas, constituyen el reglón más importante y económico para la nutrición de ganado bovino en el Ecuador. La intensificación de las explotaciones de ganado lechero, principalmente en la Sierra, obligan a un constante mejoramiento de las pasturas, como principal fuente de alimento para los rumiantes lecheros...

  3. El derecho y la gestión local de agua en Santa Rosa de Ocopa, Junín, Perú

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Guevara Gil, J.A.

    2011-01-01

    Municipalidades y Comités de Regantes no son predios usualmente visitados por los legisladores y expertos que predican sobre la historia o la gestión actual del agua en el Perú. Y es que el canon oficial y académico los ha desterrado de su campo de observación, reflexión e intervención. Y lo ha

  4. Extraction and Characterization of Phenolic Compounds from Rose Hip (Rosa canina L. Using Liquid Chromatography Coupled with Electrospray Ionization - Mass Spectrometry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreea STĂNILĂ

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Wild berry are a rich of natural compounds which provide them high antioxidant potential. The compounds which provide them these proprieties are known to be vitamins, flavonoids, anthocyanins and phenolic acids. The aim of this study was to extract and characterize bioactive compounds from rose hip (Rosa canina L. currently found in Romania. A qualitative high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with electrospray ionization mass spectrometric (ESI-MS detection in positive ion mode has been used to identify phenolic compounds from rose hip crude extract. The chromatograms revealed the presence of a large number of compounds (19, identified and grouped as phenolic acids and flavones/ols, flavan-3-ols and also anthocyanins. Based on obtained results these berries can be highly recommended as part of our diet. Also this finding represents a contribution to the chemical characterization of phenolic profile of rose hip.

  5. Intertextual Sexual Politics: Illness and Desire in Enrique Gomez Carrillo's "Del amor", "del dolor y del vicio" and Aurora Caceres's "La rosa muerta"

    Science.gov (United States)

    LaGreca, Nancy

    2012-01-01

    This study explores the intertextuality between Aurora Caceres's "La rosa muerta" (1914) and the novel "Del amor, del dolor y del vicio" (1898) by her ex-husband, Enrique Gomez Carrillo. Caceres strategically mentions Gomez Carrillo's novel in "La rosa muerta" to invite a reading of her work in dialogue with his. Both narratives follow the sexual…

  6. Intertextual Sexual Politics: Illness and Desire in Enrique Gomez Carrillo's "Del amor", "del dolor y del vicio" and Aurora Caceres's "La rosa muerta"

    Science.gov (United States)

    LaGreca, Nancy

    2012-01-01

    This study explores the intertextuality between Aurora Caceres's "La rosa muerta" (1914) and the novel "Del amor, del dolor y del vicio" (1898) by her ex-husband, Enrique Gomez Carrillo. Caceres strategically mentions Gomez Carrillo's novel in "La rosa muerta" to invite a reading of her work in dialogue with his. Both narratives follow the sexual…

  7. Caracterización química de un suelo y tres mezclas de sustrato en rosa (rosa hybrida) variedad charlote en un sistema de cultivo a solución perdida

    OpenAIRE

    Petitt Barroso, Erick Intyllan

    2011-01-01

    El sistema sin suelo puede ser una opción al manejo del cultivo de rosa en suelos, en los cuales las propiedades físicas, químicas y biológicas no son adecuadas para una producción rentable. El objetivo del presente ensayo fue evaluar los cambios de las propiedades químicas del suelo y de sustratos a base de cascarilla de arroz quemada y fibra de coco, usada como medio de cultivo en un pico de producción de rosa variedad Charlotte injertada sobre “Natal Briar”, al igual se caracterizaro...

  8. Disease and Insect Pest Control Technical of Rosa roxburghii Tratt%刺梨病虫害防治技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶光伟; 李淼; 王德敏

    2014-01-01

    介绍了刺梨的形态特征和生物学特性,并针对其病虫害,包括白粉病、褐斑病、烟煤病、梨小食心虫、食叶害虫、月季长管蚜、白粉虱等分别总结防治技术,以期为刺梨高产栽培提供参考。%Morphological characteristics and biological characteristics of Rosa roxburghii Tratt were introduced.Disease and pest control techniques of Rosa roxburghii Tratt were summarized,including powdery mildew,brown blotch,dark mildew,oriental fruit moth,defoliator,Macrosiphum rosirvorum Zhang and Trialeurodes vaporariorum,so as to provide the reference for the high-yield cultivation of Rosa roxburghii Tratt.

  9. TERRITÓRIOS NÃO-CAPITALISTAS E REPRODUÇÃO DO CAPITAL: o papel de Rosa Luxemburgo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    César Ricardo Simoni Santos

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available As Rosa Luxemburg had done, some authors still defend nowadays the necessary permanence of non-capitalist forms of territories as resources to capital expansion and capital reproduction, in the various stages of the process. These ideas are useful to the comprehension of the spacious dynamics of capitalism, and most of them are founded on the same theory formulated by Rosa Luxemburg herself. Even though we do not agree with the necessity of maintaining non-capitalist territories, it's important to recognize that part of the capitalist expansion process can be justifi ed by mechanisms of this kind. Despite the fact that we cannot attribute solely to this theory the interpretation of capitalist reproduction, from a spacious perspective, as claimed Luxemburg and still does Rosa Tello Robira, it's undeniable that the use of typically non-capitalist formed territories has acted upon the development of the processes which usually result in capital accumulation.

  10. Micromycetes on climbing roses leaves (Rosa L. in the Botanic Garden of the Jagiellonian University in Cracow

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Kowalik

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Micromycetes inhabiting the leaves of 20 cultivars of climbing roses (Rosa L., grown in Botanic Garden of the Jagiellonian University in Cracow was investigated in the three successive years of research. Sixty-five taxa of of micromycetes was recorded with a few species dominating: Alternaria alternata, Epicoccum nigrum, Pestalotia rosae, Penicillium brevicompactum and Sordaria fimicola, accompanied by various other microfungi. A high abundance of rose black spot caused by Diplocarpon rosae was also observed. The affected leaves revealed advancing necrosis, substantially enhancing at the end of the growing season. Defoliation took place from June to October. Micromycetes inhabiting the leaves of climbing roses in Botanic Garden of the Jagiellonian University in Cracow considerably deteriorated the decorative aspect of the plants.

  11. DIVERSIDAD GENÉTICA DE Peronospora sparsa (PERONOSPORACEAE EN CULTIVOS DE ROSA DE COLOMBIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MARÍN-MONTOYA MAURICIO

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available El mildeo velloso de la rosa es la enfermedad más limitante de este cultivo en Colombia. Aunque algunos trabajos de investigación se han adelantado recientemente sobre la epidemiología de esta enfermedad, uno de los campos menos estudiados es el nivel de variabilidad de su agente causal. El conocimiento de este aspecto es fundamental para definir las estrategias de manejo, especialmente aquellas relacionadas con la resistencia genética y el control químico. Los objetivos de esta investigación fueron confirmar la identidad taxonómica del agente causal del mildeo velloso de la rosa y profundizar en el conocimiento de su estructura poblacional en Colombia. Para esto se colectaron 34 aislamientos del pseudohongo en cultivos de rosas ubicados en Antioquia y la sabana de Bogotá y se extrajo su ADN, para proceder a la amplificación mediante PCR de la región ITS del ADNr utilizando los primers especieespecíficos PS3 y PS1. Dichos productos se emplearon tanto para su secuenciación directa como para la evaluación de variabilidad genética mediante la técnica PCRRFLP, resultados que se complementaron con la utilización de los marcadores RAPD y RAMS. La presencia de un amplicón de aproximadamente 700 pb que compartió un porcentaje de identidad del 100% con secuencias depositadas en el GenBank, permitió confirmar a los aislamientos como pertenecientes a Peronospora sparsa, mientras que el análisis de RFLP, RAPD y RAMS indicó un muy bajo nivel de variabilidad entre todos los aislamientos, concluyéndose que la población de P. sparsa en Colombia es predominantemente clonal

  12. DIVERSIDAD GENÉTICA DE Peronospora sparsa (PERONOSPORACEAE EN CULTIVOS DE ROSA DE COLOMBIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MARILUZ AYALA-VÁSQUEZ

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available El mildeo velloso de la rosa es la enfermedad más limitante de este cultivo en Co- lombia. Aunque algunos trabajos de investigación se han adelantado recientemente sobre la epidemiología de esta enfermedad, uno de los campos menos estudiados es el nivel de variabilidad de su agente causal. El conocimiento de este aspecto es fun- damental para definir las estrategias de manejo, especialmente aquellas relacionadas con la resistencia genética y el control químico. Los objetivos de esta investigación fueron confirmar la identidad taxonómica del agente causal del mildeo velloso de la rosa y profundizar en el conocimiento de su estructura poblacional en Colombia. Para esto se colectaron 34 aislamientos del pseudohongo en cultivos de rosas ubi- cados en Antioquia y la sabana de Bogotá y se extrajo su ADN, para proceder a la amplificación mediante PCR de la región ITS del ADNr utilizando los primers especie- específicos PS3 y PS1. Dichos productos se emplearon tanto para su secuenciación directa como para la evaluación de variabilidad genética mediante la técnica PCR- RFLP, resultados que se complementaron con la utilización de los marcadores RAPD y RAMS. La presencia de un amplicón de aproximadamente 700 pb que compartió un porcentaje de identidad del 100% con secuencias depositadas en el GenBank, per- mitió confirmar a los aislamientos como pertenecientes a Peronospora sparsa , mientras que el análisis de RFLP, RAPD y RAMS indicó un muy bajo nivel de variabilidad entre todos los aislamientos, concluyéndose que la población de P. sparsa en Colombia es predominantemente clonal.

  13. Uso eficiente del agua para el cultivo de rosa cv. Freedom bajo invernadero

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John J. Arévalo-H

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Determinar el requerimiento de agua y el momento adecuado de distribución, es un factor fundamental para el cultivo de flores. El objetivo del presente trabajo fue determinar el efecto de la aplicación de tres láminas de riego sobre el desarrollo y producción del cultivo de la Rosa cv. Freedom, bajo invernadero. El experimento se realizó con tres láminas de riego en un cultivo de rosa (Rosa spp. cv. Freedom. Se analizó el crecimiento de los tallos florales, la vida en florero, la producción y la eficiencia en el uso del agua. Los tratamientos se basaron en tres niveles de evapotranspiración de cultivo (ETc (70, 80 y 100%. Durante el estudio, el cultivo se mantuvo en producción constante. Se aplicaron 384,87, 254,25 y 218,97 m³ correspondiente a 100, 80 e 70% de ETc respectivamente, significando un ahorro de agua de 14,0 y 21,8% en el 80 e 70% de ETc respectivamente. El coeficiente de cultivo (Kc vario entre 0,58 y 1,65, con una media de 1,13. No se encontraron diferencias en la producción. Las curvas de crecimiento presentaron incremento continuo, con ajuste al modelo logístico. El 70% de ETc presentó la mayor eficiencia en el uso del agua, con 185 tallos m-3. La conservación media de los tallos florales fue de 12 a 15 días. La mayor causa de pérdida fue la deshidratación, que inició en el día 11, comportamiento normal del tallo floral.

  14. The comparative accuracy of the ROSA stereotactic robot across a wide range of clinical applications and registration techniques.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brandmeir, Nicholas J; Savaliya, Sandip; Rohatgi, Pratik; Sather, Michael

    2017-05-08

    Robot-assisted stereotactic neurosurgery is an emerging technology with a growing range of applications. The ROSA system is a robotic stereotactic system that has been shown to be accurate in laboratory studies and large case series. The goal of this study was to examine the accuracy of the ROSA across different registration methods as well as different clinical applications. Sixteen patients with one hundred and seventeen stereotactic trajectories were examined. Accuracy was compared by measuring the distance between the trajectory target and the actual termination of the device as determined by imaging. Entry error and angular deviation were also measured. Variables included bone fiducials vs. laser facial scanning, the clinical indication for stereotactic surgery, and the effect of lead deflection on accuracy. Bone fiducials did not offer an accuracy benefit over laser facial scanning (mean target error 4.5-3.9 mm, p = 0.34) in these clinical scenarios. Laser interstitial thermal therapy, responsive neurostimulation, and stereo electroencephalography were equally accurate when placed by the ROSA (mean target error 4.4-4.3-4.0 mm, respectively, p = 0.69). Deflection did not affect lead accuracy (mean target error 4.4-3.9 mm, p = 0.11). Similar results are seen for entry error and angular deviation. ROSA is a highly accurate stereotactic system. Laser facial scanning provides the same accuracy as bone fiducials in these stereotactic applications. The ROSA is equally accurate across a wide spectrum of applications. The ROSA is effective at limiting lead deflection, and when it does occur, it does not impact target accuracy in a significant way.

  15. FRANZ KAFKA E GUIMARÃES ROSA: A SOCIEDADE DO CONTROLE INTEGRADO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Eustáquio Soares

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Tendo como referência a literatura do escritor Checo Franz Kafka e o romance Grande Sertão: veredas (1956, de João Guimarães Rosa, através do apoio teórico de Walter Benjamin, Giorgio Agamben, Michel Foucault, Gilles Deleuze, Félix Guattari, este artigo investiga três formas de estado de exceção:a soberana, a disciplinar e a do controle, propondo a simultaneidade delas a partir do conceito de sociedade do controle integrado.

  16. A feeling for Systems Development Work - Design of the ROSA project

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bødker, Susanne; Greenbaum, Joan

    1988-01-01

    This article is based on the design of a research project that will look at intuition, learning processes, language and roles in the development of computer systems. The research project, called ROSA (a Danish acronym for Roles and Cooperation in Systems Development) grew out of our interest...... of a gender perspective means that we do not intend to look for, or prove, the existence of differences between men and women, but rather to use gender awareness to 'listen to' and get a 'feeling for' how systems developers work together. Our research methods are interdisciplinary and based on action...

  17. PORTUGUESE LITERATURE FOR CHILDREN: AQUILINO RIBEIRO AND MATILDE ROSA ARAÚJO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luci Ruas

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available This work shows that, in the twentieth century, specifically in its second half, many of the texts produced for children already showed clear concern in separating itself from the receiver, so that value is given to how they are built, that is, so that from the writing scripture is made, and from text, literature. For this purpose, we start by presenting the concerns of Antero de Quental and Eça de Queiroz, and then approaching the literary work of Aquilino Ribeiro, specifically O romance da raposa, following with the approach present in the literary work of Matilde Rosa Araújo. 

  18. El espiritualismo poético de Leopoldo de la Rosa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Néstor Madrid Malo

    1963-12-01

    Full Text Available La muerte de Leopoldo de la Rosa -acaecida hace poco en México- repropone y actualiza el tema de su admirable poesía y de su extraña personalidad, supérstite por tantos años a la época de su mayor producción lírica y al ámbito cronológico de su propia generación. De lo primero trataremos largamente en el curso de estas notas.

  19. Métodos de lectura en El Nombre de la Rosa

    OpenAIRE

    Hernández Hernández, Pablo

    2013-01-01

    En el presente artículo se analizan e interpretan las diferentes estrategias de lectura descritas en la novela del intelectual italiano Umberto Eco titulada El nombre de la rosa. Dichas estrategias son tomadas en nuestro estudio tanto en cuanto posibles explicaciones de la relación entre el ser humano y la realidad, como en cuanto complejos procesos epistemológicos. Tras dicha descripción y análisis se puede concluir una vigencia palpable de la discusión de las posibilidades que la novela des...

  20. De la huelga revolucionaria a los flash mob. Rosa Luxemburgo y el Movimiento Global

    OpenAIRE

    Errejón Galván, Iñigo; Iglesias Turrión, Pablo

    2005-01-01

    La relación entre partidos políticos y movimiento, la autonomía del movimiento frente a dinámicas institucionales o los problemas relativos a la organización, figuran entre los temas más importantes y más debatidos en el Movimiento Global contra el Capitalismo y la Guerra. En este trabajo recuperaremos categorías, conceptos y polémicas del pensamiento de Rosa Luxemburgo para emplearlos como instrumentos analíticos de los procesos de movilización del Movimiento Global. El periodo de tiempo que...

  1. A new species of Metagovea Rosas Costa, 1950 from Napo Province, Ecuador (Opiliones, Cyphophthalmi, Neogoveidae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giupponi, Alessandro P L; Kury, Adriano Brilhante

    2015-01-01

    As a result of an expedition to Ecuador in 2014, a new species of mite harvestman was discovered. This new species belonging to the genus Metagovea Rosas Costa, 1950 - Metagovealigiae sp. n. - is described, based on male and female specimens from Napo Province, Ecuador. This is the fourth species described for the genus and the second from Ecuador. A simple terminology is proposed for the microtrichiae of the spermatopositor and genital characters in the family are discussed. The genus Brasiliogovea Martens, 1969 is consistently misspelled in the literature as Brasilogovea. The description of Metagovealigiae offered opportunity to discuss some aspects of systematics of the family.

  2. De la huelga revolucionaria a los flash mob. Rosa Luxemburgo y el Movimiento Global

    OpenAIRE

    Errejón Galván, Iñigo; Iglesias Turrión, Pablo

    2005-01-01

    La relación entre partidos políticos y movimiento, la autonomía del movimiento frente a dinámicas institucionales o los problemas relativos a la organización, figuran entre los temas más importantes y más debatidos en el Movimiento Global contra el Capitalismo y la Guerra. En este trabajo recuperaremos categorías, conceptos y polémicas del pensamiento de Rosa Luxemburgo para emplearlos como instrumentos analíticos de los procesos de movilización del Movimiento Global. El periodo de tiempo que...

  3. Being Mexican : Identity, Location, and Rosa Nissán(III)

    OpenAIRE

    Eli Gardner, Nathanial

    2014-01-01

    Being Mexican is the first book-length attempt to understand the narrative of the Mexican writer Rosa Nissán. Its focus are her first two novels, Novia que te vea and Hisho que te nazca, which are coming-of-age narratives in which the protagonist, Oshinica, attempts to understand her family and community as she grows up during the prosperious years of the Mexican Miracle and the changing society found in Mexico in the 1960s and 1970s. After setting down the groundwork for this study in the fi...

  4. Being Mexican: Identity, Location, and Rosa Nissán (II)

    OpenAIRE

    Eli Gardner, Nathanial

    2014-01-01

    Being Mexican is the first book-length attempt to understand the narrative of the Mexican writer Rosa Nissán. Its focus are her first two novels, Novia que te vea and Hisho que te nazca, which are coming-of-age narratives in which the protagonist, Oshinica, attempts to understand her family and community as she grows up during the prosperious years of the Mexican Miracle and the changing society found in Mexico in the 1960s and 1970s. After setting down the groundwork for this study in the fi...

  5. Atividade fungitóxica de extratos vegetais e produtos comerciais contra Diplocarpon rosae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janaina Miyashiro Simon

    Full Text Available RESUMO O objetivo deste trabalho foi verificar o potencial de extratos oriundos de plantas medicinais (Rosmarinus officinalis L., Equisetum arvense L. e Moringa oleifera Lam. e produtos comerciais (a base de extratos vegetais, óleos vegetais e fosfito de potássio no controle in vitro de Diplocarpon rosae. Avaliou-se o efeito dos tratamentos sobre o fitopatógeno pelo índice de velocidade de crescimento micelial, inibição do crescimento micelial, inibição da esporulação, índice de esporulação, síntese de proteínas, a atividade específica de peroxidase e catalase no micélio do fitopatógeno, utilizando extrato bruto aquoso (EBA de folhas de R. officinalis (1%; EBA de caules de E. arvense (1%; EBA de sementes de M. oleifera (1%; produto comercial a base de extratos vegetais fermentados (0,01%; produto comercial a base de fosfito de potássio (0,01%; produto comercial a base de óleos vegetais (0,01%; produto a base de massa cítrica (0,01%; fungicida a base de Tiofanato metílico (0,007%; adjuvante (0,0025% BDA e BD. Pelos resultados observou-se maior redução do crescimento de D. rosae quando na presença do produto comercial a base de óleos vegetais. O EBA de E. arvense e o produto comercial a base de extratos vegetais fermentados apresentaram efeito anti-esporulante. Os tratamentos com EBA de R. officinalis, EBA de E. arvense, EBA de M. oleifera, produto comercial a base de óleos vegetais e produto a base de massa cítrica aumentaram a síntese de proteínas no micélio D.rosae. Houve aumento da atividade específica das enzimas peroxidase e catalase no micélio quando na presença do EBA de R. officinalis e produto comercial a base de fosfito de potássio, respectivamente. O EBA de E. arvense, e os produtos comerciais a base de óleos vegetais e a base de extratos vegetais fermentados, apresentaram resultados promissores no controle do fitopatógeno D. rosae.

  6. EstÃrdias stories: the storyteller in General Court, GuimarÃes Rosa

    OpenAIRE

    Josà LourenÃo Becco Rodrigues

    2005-01-01

    GuimarÃes Rosa was a storyteller. Throughout all his literary work, there are many storys, in all sizes and kinds. The characters who tell these stories are as important as the stories themselves. Among the many storytellers found in the pages of Corpo de baile we can remark the boy Miguilim, in âCampo Geralâ. Within these pages, we tried to understand the act of storytelling as a major factor in the growing process of Miguilim. He and the other children who are storytellers have a creative g...

  7. Investigation of Polyhenolic Content of Rose Hip (Rosa canina L.) Tea Extracts: A Comparative Study

    OpenAIRE

    Zeynep İlbay; Selin Şahin; Ş. İsmail Kirbaşlar

    2013-01-01

    Three different brands of Rose hip (Rosa canina L.) tea were extracted with water, ethanol (EtOH), methanol (MeOH), and aqueous mixtures (50%, v/v) by ultrasound-assisted extraction (UAE) and Soxhlet methods. Total phenolic content was determined according to the Folin-Ciocalteu method. The results were presented by means of the extract yields and total phenolic contents, expressed in gallic acid equivalent (GAE) per g of dried matter (DM). The greatest amount of extract observed in tea sampl...

  8. Occurence of owls (Birds: Strigiformes in the RPPN Bugerkopf reserve in Blumenau, Santa Catarina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela Fink

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The order Strigiformes is a poorly known group in Brazil, especially in Santa Catarina, and basic surveys of owls in the Atlantic Forests are scarce. The aim of this study was to inventory the owls of RPPN Bugerkopf, a private reserve in Blumenau, Santa Catarina. The study was conducted between February 2005 and May 2006. Fieldwork was carried out during monthly visits, for two to three nights when there was a crescent or full moon, between the hours of 18:00 and 23:00. In a total of 69 study hours, the following species were observed: Tyto alba, Megascops choliba, Megascops sanctaecatarinae, Glaucidium minutissimum, Pulsatrix koeniswaldiana and Asio stygius. The species most frequently detected was G. minutissimum, while M. choliba and P. koeniswaldiana were recorded the least.

  9. Santa Barbara Cluster Comparison Test with DISPH

    CERN Document Server

    Saitoh, Takayuki

    2016-01-01

    The Santa Barbara cluster comparison project (Frenk et al. Frenk+1999) revealed that there is a systematic difference between entropy profiles of clusters of galaxies obtained by Eulerian mesh and Lagrangian smoothed particle hydrodynamics (SPH) codes: Mesh codes gave a core with a constant entropy whereas SPH codes did not. One possible reason for this difference is that mesh codes are not Galilean invariant. Another possible reason is the problem of the SPH method, which might give too much "protection" to cold clumps because of the unphysical surface tension induced at contact discontinuities. In this paper, we apply the density independent formulation of SPH (DISPH), which can handle contact discontinuities accurately, to simulations of a cluster of galaxies, and compare the results with those with the standard SPH. We obtained the entropy core when we adopt DISPH. The size of the core is, however, significantly smaller than those obtained with mesh simulations, and is comparable to those obtained with qu...

  10. Computer Security: a plea to Santa Claus

    CERN Multimedia

    Stefan Lueders, Computer Security Team

    2015-01-01

    Running pirated software or illegal licences, using cracking tools to bypass software activation measures, sharing music and films – these are problems that academic environments unfortunately have to deal with. All violate the copyright of the software/music/film owners, and copyright owners are not Santa Claus...    CERN, like other research organisations and universities, regularly receives allegations from external companies complaining about laptops or PCs running illegal software or sharing their films, videos or music with peers – and thus violating copyright.  Usually, we then contact the owners of the corresponding devices in order to understand whether these allegations are true. Very often such allegations boil down to a laptop whose owner replies “I confirm that a torrent client was left up and running on my device by mistake” or “This is a file that is stored on my personal hard disk.” As if those allegatio...

  11. Hyundai Santa Fe 2.7

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田永梁

    2005-01-01

    Santa Fe无疑现代最强壮结实的汽车,它的自信与果断,让它成为现代汽车当之无愧的大哥。桀骜不驯的造型、怪异的线条、自信果断。虽然颇受争议,但依然是一副毁誉由人的态度。不过,无论你是喜欢还是不喜欢,你都只需要看它一眼就知道:这是现代汽车。

  12. [Amblyomma triste and Amblyomma tigrinum (Acari: Ixodidae) in sympatry in Santa Fe Province, Argentina].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colombo, Valeria C; Antoniazzi, Leandro R; Fasano, Agustín A; Beldomenico, Pablo M; Nava, Santiago

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this communication is to report, for the first time, the occurrence of Amblyomma triste in Santa Fe province, Argentina, and to add a new isolation place for Amblyomma tigrinum. Both species of ticks are vectors of Rickettsia parkeri, a spotted fever group rickettsia. Ticks were recovered from tourists in August 2014 and December 2015 at the Federico Wildermuth Foundation (31° 59'S, 61° 24'O), San Martin Department, Santa Fe province. Five adult ticks were morphologically identified as A. tigrinum (3 females and 1 male) and A. triste (1 female). This is the first finding including both Amblyomma maculatum group species, A. triste and A. tigrinum, together in the same locality in Argentina. This finding suggests that this site might have favorable features for the development of both species of R. parkeri vector. Further studies including sampling of a larger number of ticks and detection of R. parkeri DNA are needed to better document the epidemiology of this rickettsia in Santa Fe.

  13. Diagnóstico de la fertilidad en rosas para corte mediante análisis foliares

    OpenAIRE

    Di Benedetto, Adalberto Hugo; Befumo, M; G. Rossi; Boschi, Carlos Luis

    1994-01-01

    p.229-234 En los meses de setiembre y diciembre de 1992 se tomaron muestras foliares de lotes con distintos períodos de cultivo y manejo cultural (con y sin calefacción invernal) de siete variedades de Rosa hybrida. Los resultados indican que: (1) es posible utilizar un número de muestras foliares relativamente pequeño para un monitoreo continuo de la fertilidad del cultivo y recomendaciones de fertilización en rosas para corte. (2) un análisis foliar que contenga sólo los macroelementos p...

  14. Early Neogene unroofing of the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta along the Bucaramanga -Santa Marta Fault

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piraquive Bermúdez, Alejandro; Pinzón, Edna; Bernet, Matthias; Kammer, Andreas; Von Quadt, Albrecht; Sarmiento, Gustavo

    2016-04-01

    Plate interaction between Caribbean and Nazca plates with Southamerica gave rise to an intricate pattern of tectonic blocks in the Northandean realm. Among these microblocks the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta (SNSM) represents a fault-bounded triangular massif composed of a representative crustal section of the Northandean margin, in which a Precambrian to Late Paleozoic metamorphic belt is overlain by a Triassic to Jurassic magmatic arc and collateral volcanic suites. Its western border fault belongs to the composite Bucaramanga - Santa Marta fault with a combined left lateral-normal displacement. SE of Santa Marta it exposes remnants of an Oligocene marginal basin, which attests to a first Cenoizoic activation of this crustal-scale lineament. The basin fill consists of a sequence of coarse-grained cobble-pebble conglomerates > 1000 m thick that unconformably overlay the Triassic-Jurassic magmatic arc. Its lower sequence is composed of interbedded siltstones; topwards the sequence becomes dominated by coarser fractions. These sedimentary sequences yields valuable information about exhumation and coeval sedimentation processes that affected the massif's western border since the Upper Eocene. In order to analyse uplifting processes associated with tectonics during early Neogene we performed detrital zircon U-Pb geochronology, detrital thermochronology of zircon and apatites coupled with the description of a stratigraphic section and its facies composition. We compared samples from the Aracataca basin with analog sequences found at an equivalent basin at the Oca Fault at the northern margin of the SNSM. Our results show that sediments of both basins were sourced from Precambrian gneisses, along with Mesozoic acid to intermediate plutons; sedimentation started in the Upper Eocene-Oligocene according to palynomorphs, subsequently in the Upper Oligocene a completion of Jurassic to Cretaceous sources was followed by an increase of Precambrian input that became the dominant

  15. Evaluating Susceptibility to Commercial Fungicide of Endophytic Fungi Isolated from Roses (Rosa hybrida Evaluación de la susceptibilidad de hongos endófitos aislados de rosa (rosa hybrida a fungicidas comerciales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Restrepo Silvia

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available Fungal endophytes have shown their potential as biocontrol agents; however, their application in commercial fields remains limited. Continuously applying fungicides to crops (specifically to roses may have harmful effects on endophyte growth. Endophytic fungi were isolated from R. hybrida and their susceptibility to fungicides regularly used for controlling important pathogens was analysed. This was performed in vitro, mixing several fungicide concentrations with standard medium for fungal endophytes; growth inhibition was then measured. The susceptibility of Botrytis cinerea (3015 strain, one of the most important pathogens affecting roses in Colombia, was also assessed using the same protocols. Active ingredients, such as boscalid, captan, iprodione and pyrimethanyl, showed susceptibility ranging from not sensitive (³73.75% to regularly sensitive (³48.75% - 61.25% for 45.45% of the fungal endophytes assessed. Endophytic fungi were highly susceptible to fungicides such as pyrimethanyl, carboxin plus thiram, fludioxonyl plus ciprodinyl and prochloraz. B. cinerea (3015 strain presented high susceptibility (23.75% to fungicides such as pyrimethanyl, carboxin and thiram, fludioxonil and ciprodinyl, prochloraz. Although B. cinerea showed the greatest growth in controls, the endophytic fungi being assessed grew better in different media with fungicides. The results revealed some of these fungal endophytes’ potential for integrated pest management (IPM in roses in Colombia (3002, 3003, 3004, 3005 and 3006 strains, taking into account correct application time, application frequency and both fungal endophyte and fungicide dosage which may greatly limit fungal endophyte growth.Los hongos endófitos han mostrado potencial como agentes de control biológico. Sin embargo, su aplicación en campos comerciales es aún limitada. En rosas, la continua aplicación de fungicidas en cultivos puede tener efectos deletéreos en el crecimiento de los end

  16. GERAIS E MATO DENTRO: MINAS EM GUIMARÃES ROSA E CORNÉLIO PENNA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Bueno

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available ResumoO presente texto procurar proceder a uma aproximação entre as obras de GuimarãesRosa e Cornélio Penna. Para isto, procura demonstrar como um elemento não racional– a ligação dos personagens com a terra – é mobilizado de forma semelhante pelos dois autores. Em seguida, analisa como esse elemento permite constituir uma imagem dos impasses sociais no Brasil.Palavras-chaveLiteratura brasileira; século XX; Guimarães Rosa; Cornélio Penna. Luís Bueno Professor de Literatura Brasileira da Universidade Federaldo Paraná. Doutor em Teoria e História Literária pela Unicamp. Autorde Uma história do romance de 30 (São Paulo; Campinas: Edusp; Editorada Unicamp, 2006 e co-organizador de Confederação dos tamoios:edição fac-similar seguida da polêmica sobre o poema (Curitiba: EditoraUFPR, 2007.

  17. Flowering biology and pollen production of four species of the genus Rosa L.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beata Żuraw

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Wild growing rose species are of great importance as a source of pollen for insects. Oil extracted from the petals of various Rosa species is used in perfumery, cosmetic industry, and therapeutics. In our study, we compared the flowering duration and flower lifespan, the number of stamens and pistils, the mass and size of pollen grains as well as the anatomical features of the petals of four Rosa species: R. canina, R. ×damascena, R. gallica, and R. rugosa. Moreover, we examined the pollen loads collected by bumblebees foraging on rose flowers in order to determine the attractiveness of pollen of this genus to insects. We showed the flower lifespan to vary (3.5–8 days in the roses studied and revealed high variation in the number of stamens (82–260 and pistils (17–65 as well as in the mass of pollen produced. The flowers of R. rugosa produced the highest amount of pollen (26.7 mg per flower, while the flowers of R. canina the least (3.3 mg per flower, which is associated with differences in the number of stamens developed in the flowers between these species. The largest pollen grains were found in R. ×damascena and R. gallica. We demonstrated that R. ×damascena produces the thickest petals and that scent-emitting papillae found on the adaxial surface of the petals differ in size and shape in the rose species investigated.

  18. The main work of astronomer Christoph Scheiner SJ "Rosa Ursina sive Sol" - a summary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daxecker, F.

    1996-10-01

    Christoph Scheiner was born on 25 July 1573 or 1575 in Markt Wald near Mindelheim in the Bavarian part of Swabia. He died on 18 July 1650. In Rome he wrote his main work Rosa Ursina sive Sol and had it printed with the help of a patron, Duke Paulus Jordanus II of Bracciano. The ducal family bore a rose, likened to the Sun in Scheiner's book, on its coat of arms. Rosa Ursina is divided into four volumes. In volume I Scheiner tackles the issue of who was first to discover the sunspots; he also proves that Galilei made errors of observation. Volume II shows illustrations of telescopes, projection methods and the helioscope and compares the optics of a telescope with that of the human eye. In volume III, observations on sunspots are illustrated by 70 copper engravings by David Widemann. Volume IV consists of two parts. The first part again deals with the phenomena of the Sun, such as sunspots and prominences, its period of revolution of 27 days, and the tilt of its axis; the second part is a collection of passages and quotations from the Scriptures, from Church Fathers and philosophers, all designed to prove that Scheiner's interpretation of the geocentric system conformed to Catholic doctrine.

  19. O Programa Bairrinho nas favelas de Praia da Rosa e Sapucaia (RJ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria de Fátima Cabral Marques Gomes

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available O trabalho apresenta resultados qualitativos do follow-up referente à urbanização das favelas Praia da Rosa e Sapucaia, realizada pela Prefeitura Municipal da Cidade do Rio de Janeiro, entre 1996 e 1998. A primeira etapa deste estudo teve por objetivo identificar a visão dos diferentes atores sociais envolvidos nessa intervenção sob os efeitos da política destinada às favelas, no que se refere às condições de inclusão/exclusão social dos moradores desses locais. Na etapa seguinte desta pesquisa, serão coletadas informações de natureza quantitativa, de modo a ampliar e aprofundar a análise dos processos identificados no desdobramento da urbanização dessas favelas.This follow-up study presents the previous qualitative results of the urbanization of the slums of Praia da Rosa and Sapucaia, implemented by the Municipality of Rio de Janeiro, through the Bairrinho Program, in 1996-1998. It is a theoretical and empiric study which will be completed by the update of the Census made before this intervention in both slums. We aim to verify the contribution of this policy in order to modify the condition of social inclusion/exclusion of inhabitants in these areas. Different processes related to the phenomenon of urban inclusion/exclusion have been considered on this research.

  20. Quantitative Structure-retention Relationship Study of Volatile Components from Rosa Banksiae Ait

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHENG Li-Ping; BAO Xiao-Jing; WANG Gen-Li

    2012-01-01

    In the present study,(QSRR) study had been carried out for volatile components from Rosa banksiae Ait.based on various quantum-chemical and physicochemical descriptors derived by B3LYP method.To build QSRR models,a multiple linear regression (MLR) stepwise method was used.The generated models have good predictive ability and are of high statistical significance with good correlation coefficients (R2≥0.734) and p values far less than 0.05.Preliminary results indicated that the application of the models,especially the prediction of GC retention time and linear retention index of volatile components from Rosa banksiae Ait.,will be helpful.The models contribute also to the identification of important quantum-chemical and physicochemical descriptors responsible for the retention time and linear retention index.It was found that the shape attribute (ShpA) and logP value play a vital role in determining component’s GC retention time and linear retention index which increase with the lipophilicity of volatile components.The larger the shape attribute of analyte is,the larger the deformability is,the stronger the interaction between analyte and stationary phase is,and the longer the GC retention time is,the larger the linear retention index is.The importance of E HOMO,q+,and SEV is also embodied in models,but they are not dominant.

  1. Selection of mango rosa genotypes in a breeding population using the multivariate-biplot method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Clideana Cabral Maia

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT: Mango ( Mangifera indica L. trees stand out among the main fruit trees cultivated in Brazil. The mango rosa fruit is a very popular local variety (landrace, especially because of their superior technological characteristics such as high contents of Vitamin C and soluble solids (SS, as well as attractive taste and color. The objective of this study was to select a breeding population of mango rosa (polyclonal variety; ≥5 individuals that can simultaneously meet the fresh and processed fruit markets, using the multivariate method of principal components and the biplot graphic. The principal components, biplot graphic, and phenotype correlations were obtained using the R (2012 software. Pulp percentage and the pulp, skin, and seed mass variables can be indirectly selected using the smallest fruit diameter, which allowed an easier measurement. The P23R AREA3, P30R AREA3, and P32R AREA3 genotypes are selection candidates due to the presence of alleles, which are important agro-technological traits for mango breeding. This study showed that the biplot analysis is a valuable tool for decision making and visualization of interrelationships between variables and genotypes, facilitating the mango selection process.

  2. Maria Rosa Sousa Pinheiro e a reconfiguração da enfermagem brasileira

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Taka Oguisso

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Se trata de un estudio exploratorio-descriptivo, basado en el método histórico, con el objetivo de identificar la participación femenina en las transformaciones sociales del proceso de americanización en Brasil después de 1930. Por ese motivo se estudia la trayectoria de Maria Rosa Sousa Pinheiro. Los datos se obtuvieron mediante el análisis de material documental encontrado en los archivos del Centro Histórico Cultural de la Enfermería Iberoamericana. Esos datos permitieron reconocer la personalidad en estudio, quien actuó de manera decisiva en la reconfiguración del arte y ciencia del cuidado en Brasil. Los resultados permiten afirmar que la enfermería ha ayudado a propagar los ideales del American way of life como modelo de formación y práctica profesional que surgió en países como Estados Unidos y Canadá. La investigación sugiere que la labor de Maria Rosa Sousa Pinheiro encarna la propagación de una nueva representación de lo femenino en la vida social y el trabajo.

  3. ANTI IMPLANTATION AND PREGNANCY INTERRUPTION ACTIVITY OF JAPAKUSUMA (HIBISCUS ROSA SINENSIS IN ALBINO RATS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kashinath Hadimur

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Increase in population has affected many socio-economic conditions of people by increasing crimes, illiteracy, destructive activities, diseases, improper food and shelter. Thus to control this population and limit the family size at a personal level and at a national level, modern contraceptive methods and medicines were introduced long back. There are many new contraceptives available now, but they have various side effects. Some traditional practitioners used to dispense oral contraceptives mentioned in Ayurvedic classics. Such as 1 Pippali (Piper longum, Vidanga (Emblica ribes and Tankana (Sodii Biboras. 2 Talisapatra (Taxus baccata and Gairika (Hematite with cold water and 3 Kanji bhavita Japakusuma (Hibiscus rosa sinensis. An experimental study on above mentioned 1 and 2 formulations has proved its efficacy as temporary contraceptive medicine. To evaluate the permanent or long term temporary contraceptive effect of Japakusuma, an attempt was made in this study. Study was conducted by Choudary and Khanna method on 18 female, 36 male (for mating albino rats. Japakusuma, Propylene glycol, Ovral L formed the materials. Single dose was administered on proestrous stage of rat oestrous cycle and observed for anti-implantation and pregnancy interruption activity. Test drug showed significant anti implantation and pregnancy interruption activity. Thus showing the temporary contraceptive activity of Japakusuma (Hibiscus rosa sinensis.

  4. Pecando en el deleite de la meditación: sobre la narrativa de Rosa Chacel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferrús Antón, Beatriz

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Rosa Chacel’s narrative participates in a same search: the way to the ONE; but also the bond’s between knowledge and misfortune search, like expression of a mystical individual. The objective of this article is to try to present this bet, that is the philosophy’s bet, but also the praxis of writing’s bet, through the analysis of two novels Memorias de Leticia Valle and La sinrazón. We’re going to put special attention to the relation between body, woman and memory like reading key.El conjunto de la narrativa de Rosa Chacel participa de una misma búsqueda: la del camino que lleva a lo UNO; pero también la del vínculo entre conocimiento y desdicha, como expresión de una particular mística. El objetivo de este artículo es tratar de presentar esta apuesta, que es la de una filosofía, pero también la de una praxis de escritura, a través del análisis de dos novelas Memorias de Leticia Valle y La sinrazón. Asimismo, se prestará especial atención a la relación entre cuerpo, mujer y memoria como clave de lectura.

  5. Evaluation of the hepatic bioconversion of α-linolenic acid (ALA to eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA in rats fed with oils from chia (Salvia hispánica or rosa mosqueta (Rosa rubiginosa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tapia O., G.

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The high dietary intake of n-6 fatty acids in relation to n-3 fatty acids generates health disorders, such as cardiovascular diseases, inflammatory diseases and other chronic diseases. The consumption of fish, which is rich in n-3 fatty acids, is low in Latin America and it is necessary to seek other alternatives, such as chia oil (CO or rosa mosqueta oil (RMO, which are rich in α-linolenic acid (ALA, the precursor of the n -3 fatty acids, eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA. This study evaluates the hepatic bioconversion of ALA to EPA and DHA and the damage to the liver (histology and transaminase in Sprague- Dawley rats fed different vegetable oils. Four experimental groups (n = 9 animals each group were fed the following dietary supplements for 21 days: a sunflower oil (SFO, b RMO, c CO d olive oil with fish oil added (EPA and DHA (OO/FO. RMO and CO increased the hepatic levels of ALA, EPA and DHA and decreased the n-6/n-3 ratio compared to SFO (p El elevado aporte en la dieta de ácidos grasos omega- 6, en relación a los ácidos grasos omega-3, genera alteraciones de la salud cardiovascular, inflamación y otras patologías crónicas no transmisibles. Por otro lado, el pescado rico en ácidos grasos omega-3 es de bajo consumo en Latinoamérica, siendo necesario buscar otras alternativas de aporte de ácidos grasos omega-3, como lo son el aceite de chía (CO o el de rosa mosqueta (RMO, ricos en ácido α-linolénico (ALA, que es el precursor de los ácidos grasos omega-3, eicosapentaenoico (EPA y docosahexaenoico (DHA. Este trabajo evaluó en forma preliminar la bioconversión hepática del ALA en EPA y DHA y el daño hepático (histología y transaminasas en ratas Sprague-Dawley alimentadas con diferentes aceites vegetales. Se conformaron cuatro grupos experimentales (n = 9 animales por grupo que recibieron durante 21 días: a aceite de girasol (SFO; b RMO, c CO y d aceite de oliva adicionado de aceite de pescado (EPA

  6. On the way to a self-reliance of 90 %. The new construction of the Monte Rosa Lodge in the Swiss Canton Wallis; Auf dem Weg zu 90% Autarkie. Der Neubau der Monte Rosa-Huette im Wallis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sinn, Ruediger

    2010-07-01

    The new Monte Rosa Lodge in the Swiss Canton Wallis was established not only as a passive house, but also achieves a degree of self-reliance of 90 % due to a thought-out energy management. This is how the future of the alpine construction might look.

  7. Backscatter B [USGS]--Offshore of Santa Barbara, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of SIM 3281 presents data for part of the acoustic-backscatter map (see sheet 3, SIM 3281) of the Offshore of Santa Barbara map area, California. The...

  8. Bathymetry and Acoustic Backscatter: Northern Santa Barbara Channel, Southern California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This report presents bathymetry and acoustic backscatter data collected in July 2008 in the northern Santa Barbara Channel, California, using a bathymetric sidescan...

  9. Geology and geomorphology--Offshore Santa Cruz, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of DS 781 presents data for the geologic and geomorphic map of the Offshore Santa Cruz map area, California. The vector data file is included in...

  10. Backscatter B [USGS]--Offshore of Santa Barbara, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of SIM 3281 presents data for part of the acoustic-backscatter map (see sheet 3, SIM 3281) of the Offshore of Santa Barbara map area, California. The...

  11. Backscatter A [CSUMB]--Offshore of Santa Barbara, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of SIM 3281 presents data for part of the acoustic-backscatter map (see sheet 3, SIM 3281) of the Offshore of Santa Barbara map area, California. The...

  12. Seafloor character--Offshore of Santa Barbara, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of SIM 3281 presents data for the seafloor-character map (see sheet 5, SIM 3281) of the Offshore of Santa Barbara map area, California. The raster data...

  13. Geology and geomorphology--Offshore of Santa Barbara, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of SIM 3281 presents data for the geologic and geomorphic map (see sheet 10, SIM 3281) of the Offshore of Santa Barbara map area, California. The vector...

  14. Backscatter A [CSUMB]--Offshore of Santa Barbara, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of SIM 3281 presents data for part of the acoustic-backscatter map (see sheet 3, SIM 3281) of the Offshore of Santa Barbara map area, California. The...

  15. Santa Barbara, California Tsunami Forecast Grids for MOST Model

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Santa Barbara, California Forecast Model Grids provides bathymetric data strictly for tsunami inundation modeling with the Method of Splitting Tsunami (MOST)...

  16. Santa Monica, California Tsunami Forecast Grids for MOST Model

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Santa Monica, California Forecast Model Grids provides bathymetric data strictly for tsunami inundation modeling with the Method of Splitting Tsunami (MOST)...

  17. Bathymetry and Acoustic Backscatter: Northern Santa Barbara Channel, Southern California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This report presents bathymetry and acoustic backscatter data collected in July 2008 in the northern Santa Barbara Channel, California, using a bathymetric sidescan...

  18. Geology and geomorphology--Offshore Santa Cruz, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of DS 781 presents data for the geologic and geomorphic map of the Offshore Santa Cruz map area, California. The vector data file is included in...

  19. The Trail Inventory of Santa Ana NWR [Cycle 2

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The purpose of this report is to create a baseline inventory of all non-motorized trails on Santa Ana National Wildlife Refuge. Trails in this inventory are eligible...

  20. Estuarine ecology : A report on Santa Clara County Wetlands

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This report on the Santa Clara County wetlands was written just prior to the establishment of the San Francisco Bay National Wildlife Refuge. The report summarizes...

  1. Geology and geomorphology--Offshore of Santa Barbara, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of SIM 3281 presents data for the geologic and geomorphic map (see sheet 10, SIM 3281) of the Offshore of Santa Barbara map area, California. The vector...

  2. Seafloor character--Offshore of Santa Barbara, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of SIM 3281 presents data for the seafloor-character map (see sheet 5, SIM 3281) of the Offshore of Santa Barbara map area, California. The raster data...

  3. Propagação in vitro do porta-enxerto rosa 'Shafter' Micropropagation of rose varieties: in vitro propagation of root stock Rosa 'Shafter'

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Fernando Caetano Tombolato

    1992-01-01

    Full Text Available Foram desenvolvidos, na Seção de Floricultura e Plantas Ornamentais, experimentos de micropropagação de variedades de rosa. O porta-enxerto de Rosa 'Shafter' demonstrou ser excelente material, propagando-se fácil e rapidamente. Meristemas retirados de gemas da porção mediana das hastes, inoculados em meio de Pierik, com adição de 2 mg/l de 6-benzilaminopurina (6-BA, 20 g/l de sacarose, 6,4 g/1 de ágar e os compostos orgânicos - meso-inositol (100 mg/l, ácido nicotínico (0,5 mg/l, piridoxina HCI (0,5 mg/l, tiamina HCI (1 mg/l, ácido fólico (0,5 mg/l, riboflavin (0,5 mg/l e pantotenato de cálcio (1 mg/l - apresentaram uma taxa de regeneração de 1:33 em doze meses. Em uma segunda fase, em três experimentos, testaram-se diversos métodos de enraizamento, observando-se ser este possível em meio líquido, com ou sem auxina, sobre ponte de papel-filtro, ou em meio sólido, com 6,4g/1 de ágar, com as auxinas ácido indolbutírico (0,05 mg/l e ácido naftalenoacético (0,1 mg/l.Experiments on rose micropropagation showed that the root stock Rosa 'Shafter' was an excellent material fast and easily propagated. It has taken 12 months to reach more than a thousand plantlets from a few inoculated meristems. In a first part of the experiments, the meristem culture evolution was observed in the medium Pierik added with 2 mg/l 6-benzylaminopurine, 20 g/l sucrose, 6.4 g/l agar and the organic compounds: 100 mg/l myo-inositol, 0.5 mg/l nicotinic acid, 0S mg/l pyridoxine HCl, 1 mg/l thiamine HCl, 0.5 mg/l folic acid, 0.5 mg/l riboflavin, 1 mg/l calcium pantothenate. In a second part, three experiments were established to observe the rooting required conditions. Roots can be obtained in a liquid medium, with or without auxins, and in a solid medium, with 6.4 g/l agar, with the auxins 0.05 mg/l indolbutiric acid and 0.1 mg/l naftaleneacetic acid.

  4. SANTA CRUZ, GUANACASTE: LOCAL CULTURE, TOURISM AND GLOBALIZATION

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    The article analyzes the relationship between local culture of the canton of Santa Cruz, Guanacaste, and the development of tourism in the canton. In a first section explores the origin and development of popular culture in the canton, linking it to traditional farming activities, and then describes the deployment of tourism in Santa Cruz, in order to analyze the popular culture of the canton in a framework of productive activities ranging from farming to tourism, in a context of econo...

  5. Use of flunixin meglumine in Santa Inês ewes submitted to laparoscopic and transcervical insemination

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renato Travassos Beltrame

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this work was to evaluate the use of flunixim meglumine in Santa Ines ewes submitted to artificial insemination (AI. Forty-four Santa Inês ewes were synchronized and inseminated at fixed times, by the transcervical or laparoscopic route, between 52 and 58 hours after sponge removal. The ewes were split into two treatment groups, to receive intramuscular injections of 2 mL of saline (control treatment or 2.2 mg/kg flunixin meglumine (FM treatment, twice a day between days 9 and 19 after AI. The pregnancy diagnosis was performed by ultrasound 30 days after the AI. The chi-square test was used to compare the pregnancy rate between the control and flunixin meglumine treatment and between type of insemination, while the t-test, at 5% probability was used to compare the average weight and body condition, using the SAS statistical software. Flunixin meglumine was not effect in increasing the pregnancy rate in Santa Ines ewes undergoing laparoscopic and transcervical insemination.

  6. MRSA from Santa Catarina State, Southern Brazil: intriguing epidemiological differences compared to other Brazilian regions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alessandro C.O. Silveira

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus(MRSA is one of the most frequently isolated agents in both nosocomial and community settings. It is a constant challenge for antibacterial therapy. Therefore, it becomes essential to understand the epidemiology of MRSA isolates in the institution and/or region to guide empirical therapy. The objective of this study was to evaluate the epidemiological characteristics of MRSA isolates in the state of Santa Catarina, Brazil, and determine if there is a clonal spread. We evaluated 124 clinical isolates of MRSA obtained from various anatomical sites from patients in the state of Santa Catarina in Southern Brazil. The antimicrobial susceptibility profile was evaluated by disk diffusion and minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC was determined by Etest and broth macrodilution. SCCmectypes were determined by multiplex PCR and the clonal relationship among isolates was assessed by pulsed field gel electrophoresis. Antimicrobials that have demonstrated lower rates of resistance were tetracycline (20.2%, sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim (20.2% and chloramphenicol (12.9%. We did not detect any resistance to glycopeptides, daptomycin, linezolid, and tigecycline. SCCmectype III was predominant (54%, followed by type II (21.8%, consistent with other Brazilian studies. Twenty-six clones were observed grouping 72 (58% isolates and no clonal relationship was observed between our isolates and the major epidemic clones circulating in Brazil. An intriguing distinct MRSA epidemiology was observed in Santa Catarina, compared to other Brazilian regions.

  7. FITOSSOCIOLOGIA DE FRAGMENTOS DE FLORESTA ESTACIONAL DECIDUAL NO ESTADO DE SANTA CATARINA – BRASIL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lauri Amândio Schorn

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to evaluate the species composition and structure of Seasonal Deciduous Forest in the southern Brazilian state of Santa Catarina, including the tree/shrub component and the natural regeneration. We also compared the floristic composition between the components and discussed about the conservation condition of forests. The study was based on sample plots established by the Floristic and Forest Inventory of Santa Catarina state. Tree/shrub component was sampled by 78 plots placed systematically with 4,000 m² of sample area each, were individuals with DBH (diameter at breast height ≥ 10 cm was measured. Regeneration (DBH 1.50 m was sampled in subplots of 100 m² each. Structure and diversity of sample plots were analyzed in both components; species were classified by their ecologic group. To test the association between components was made a Non-metric Multidimensional Scaling (NMSD and Mantel test. We sampled 245 species, among them 215 in the tree/shrub component (79 of them exclusive, 165 species in the natural regeneration (30 exclusive ones and 136 species common to the two components. The association between components was confirmed with NMSD and Mantel test (r = 0.34; p = 0.001. Species with major importance value were mostly early secondary species that emphasizes the consequences of long term exploitation and degradation of Seasonal Deciduous Forest in Santa Catarina.

  8. Impact of invasive Rosa rugosa on the arthropod fauna of Danish yellow dunes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Elleriis, Pernille; Pedersen, Morten Lauge; Toft, Søren

    2015-01-01

    We compared the arthropod fauna of Rosa rugosa patches to the adjacent native yellow dune vegetation by pitfall trapping in the National Park Thy at the Danish North Sea coast. R. rugosa changes the vegetation from a dune grassland (dominated by Ammophila arenaria) poor in flowering plants to a l...

  9. The Role of Leaves in Photocontrol of Flower Bud Abscission in Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L. 'Nairobi'

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Meeteren, van U.; Gelder, van A.

    2000-01-01

    When compared with exposure to darkness, exposing Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L. 'Nairobi' plants to red light (635 to 685 nm, 2.9 μmol?m-2?s-1) delayed flower bud abscission, while exposure to far-red light (705 to 755 nm, μmol?m-2?s-1) accelerated this process. Flower bud abscission in response to ligh

  10. Response of selected antioxidants and pigments in tissues of Rosa hybrida and Fuchsia hybrida to supplemental UV-A exposure

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Helsper, J.P.F.G.; Vos, de C.H.; Maas, F.M.; Jonker, H.H.; Broeck, van den H.C.; Jordi, W.; Pot, C.S.; Keizer, L.C.P.; Schapendonk, A.H.C.M.

    2003-01-01

    The effect of supplemental UV-A (320-400 nm) radiation on tissue absorption at 355 nm, levels of various antioxidants (ascorbate, glutathione, carotenoids and flavonoids) and of antioxidant scavenging capacity were investigated with leaves and petals of Rosa hybrida, cv. Honesty and with leaves,

  11. A survey on Hibiscus rosa-sinensis, Alcea rosea L. and Malva neglecta Wallr as antibacterial agents

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Seyyed Mansour Seyyednejad; Haniyeh Koochak; Esmaeil Darabpour; Hossein Motamedi

    2010-01-01

    Objective:To guide for selection of plants with antibacterial activity for further phytochemical works on the isolation and identification of the active compounds. Methods: Ethanolic extracts of 3 species from Malvaceae family were evaluated by agar disc diffusion method for antibacterial activity against some gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria (Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Listeria monocytogenes, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Staphylococcus aureus, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Salmonella typhi, Bacillus cereus, Bacillus anthracis, Escherichia coli and Streptococcus pyogenes). The extracts were obtained from aerial parts of Hibiscus rosa (H. rosa)-sinensis (leaf and flower), Alcea rosea (A. rosea) L. (leaf and flower) and Malva neglecta (M. neglecta) Wallr (flower). Results:These extracts had inhibitory effects at different concentrations (0.05, 0.10, 0.20 and 0.40 g/mL) against above mentioned bacteria. Escherichia coli was the most resistant strain. The highest inhibitory zone was showed by ethanolic extract of M. neglecta against Staphylococcus epidermidis (22 mm) and followed by ethanolic extract from flower of H. rosa against Staphylococcus epidermidis and Staphylococcus aureus (20 mm). The Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) and Minimum Bactericidal Concentration (MBC) values against Staphylococcus epidermidis were equal (MIC=MBC=5 mg/mL for M. neglecta extract and for H. rosa extract MIC=MBC=20 mg/mL). Conclusions:These findings suggest that these native plants have good antibacterial properties that can be used for infection control and treatment and could also be as new source for antibiotics discovery and infection treatment.

  12. Root temperature effects on growth and bud break of Rosa hybrida in relation to cytokinin concentrations in xylem sap.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dieleman, J.A.; Verstappen, F.W.A.; Kuiper, D.

    1998-01-01

    The effects of three divergent root temperatures (11°C, 20°C and 26°C) on growth and bud break of Rosa hybrida were studied. Root morphology was changed considerably with root temperature. Roots at 11°C were white, succulent, short and sparsely branched, whereas at 26°C roots were long, brown, thin

  13. POLYGNATHUS ROSAE N. SP. (CONODONTA AND ITS BIOSTRATIGRAPHICAL CORRELATION POTENTIAL (LOWER EMSIAN, LOWER DEVONIANIN THE SPANISH CENTRAL PYRENEES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CARLOS MARTÍNEZ-PÉREZ

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available The problems around the Pragian/Emsian (P/E boundary have been widely discussed by several authors, who have pointed out that the present Global Stratotype Section and Point (GSSP in the Zinzilban section (Kitab Reserve, Uzbekistan, is much older than the traditional German Siegenian-Emsian boundary, a fact that considerably reduces the duration of the traditional Pragian Stage. A comprehensive conodont study of two important sections (Isábena 1 and Baliera 6 demonstrates the presence of the conodont indexes for the P/E boundary in both senses (official and traditional in the Spanish Central Pyrenees (SCP. Within the important conodont faunas registered, the presence of a new early polygnathid species Polygnathus rosae n. sp. stands out. Its stratigraphic range in the two sections is restricted to a short interval around the traditional beginning of the Emsian Stage. This particular distribution permits direct relation between both indexes, a better characterization of the P/E boundary in the traditional German sense and increases the palaeontological knowledge of this stratigraphic interval. Conodont records in the SCP suggest that Po. rosae n. sp. could be a good local index, too. In addition, Po. rosae n. sp. represents the last known step of the lineage Po. pireneaePo. rosae n. sp., a new early polygnathid lineage that supports the early radiation of the genus around the P/E boundary. 

  14. Response of selected antioxidants and pigments in tissues of Rosa hybrida and Fuchsia hybrida to supplemental UV-A exposure

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Helsper, J.P.F.G.; Vos, de C.H.; Maas, F.M.; Jonker, H.H.; Broeck, van den H.C.; Jordi, W.; Pot, C.S.; Keizer, L.C.P.; Schapendonk, A.H.C.M.

    2003-01-01

    The effect of supplemental UV-A (320-400 nm) radiation on tissue absorption at 355 nm, levels of various antioxidants (ascorbate, glutathione, carotenoids and flavonoids) and of antioxidant scavenging capacity were investigated with leaves and petals of Rosa hybrida, cv. Honesty and with leaves, pet

  15. First formate, acetate and methanesulfonate analyses in firn samples from Grenzgletscher (Monte Rosa, 4200 m a.s.l.)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Grund, A.; Schwikowski, M.; Bruetsch, S.; Gaeggeler, H.W. [Paul Scherrer Inst. (PSI), Villigen (Switzerland)

    1997-09-01

    In order to determine trace concentrations of acetate, formate and methanesulfonate in ice samples by ion chromatography precautions have to be taken to avoid contaminations. We investigated sources of contamination and analysed first samples from Grenzgletscher (Monte Rosa massif). (author) 1 fig., 3 refs.

  16. The distribution, relative abundance, and seasonal phenology of Ceratitis capitata, Ceratitis rosa, and Ceratitis cosyra (Diptera: Tephritidae) in South Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Villiers, Marelize; Manrakhan, Aruna; Addison, Pia; Hattingh, Vaughan

    2013-10-01

    Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann), Ceratitis rosa Karsch, and Ceratitis cosyra (Walker) are fruit fly species (Diptera: Tephritidae) of economic importance in South Africa. These pests cause direct damage to a number of commercially produced fruit and are of phytosanitary concern. A study was conducted to determine the distribution, relative abundance, and seasonal occurrence of the three species in different climatic regions of South Africa. The relative abundance and seasonal phenology of C. capitata and C. rosa were also compared between production areas and home gardens in Stellenbosch, Western Cape. Yellow bucket traps baited with Biolure were used to trap the flies over a 2-yr period in the different sampling areas. Different fruit types were sampled in Stellenbosch to determine fruit fly infestation. C. capitata was found to have a widespread distribution in South Africa, whereas C. rosa were absent from or only present in low numbers in the drier regions. C. cosyra was restricted to the North East and East coast, following a similar pattern to the distribution of marula, Sclerocarrya birrea, an important wild host. Fruit in home gardens provided a breeding ground for C. capitata and C. rosa and a source for infestation of orchards when fruit started to mature, highlighting the need for an area-wide strategy for the control of fruit flies.

  17. Microsatellite analysis of Damask rose (Rosa damascena Mill.) accessions from various regions in Iran reveals multiple genotypes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Babaei, A.; Tabaei-Aghdaei, S.R.; Khosh-Khui, M.; Omidbaigi, R.; Naghavi, M.R.; Esselink, G.D.; Smulders, M.J.M.

    2007-01-01

    Background - Damask roses (Rosa damascena Mill.) are mainly used for essential oil production. Previous studies have indicated that all production material in Bulgaria and Turkey consists of only one genotype. Nine polymorphic microsatellite markers were used to analyze the genetic diversity of 40 a

  18. Post-test thermal-hydraulic analysis of two intermediate LOCA tests at the ROSA facility including uncertainty evaluation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Freixa, J., E-mail: jordi@freixa.net [Paul Scherrer Institut (PSI) 5232 Villigen PSI (Switzerland); Kim, T.-W. [Paul Scherrer Institut (PSI) 5232 Villigen PSI (Switzerland); Manera, A. [University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States)

    2013-11-15

    The OECD/NEA ROSA-2 project aims at addressing thermal-hydraulic safety issues relevant for light water reactors by building up an experimental database at the ROSA Large Scale Test Facility (LSTF). The ROSA facility simulates a PWR Westinghouse design with a four-loop configuration and a nominal power of 3423 MWth. Two intermediate break loss-of-coolant-accident (LOCA) experiments (Tests 1 and 2) have been carried out during 2010. The two tests were analyzed by using the US-NRC TRACE best estimate code, employing the same nodalization previously used for the simulation of small-break LOCA experiments of the ROSA-1 programme. A post-test calculation was performed for each test along with uncertainty analysis providing uncertainty bands for each relevant time trend. Uncertainties in the code modelling capabilities as well as in the initial and boundary conditions were taken into account, following the guidelines and lessons learnt through participation in the OECD/NEA BEMUSE programme. Two different versions of the TRACE code were used in the analysis, providing a qualitatively good prediction of the tests. However, the uncertainty analysis revealed differences between the performances of some models in the two versions. The most relevant parameters of the two experimental tests were falling within the computed uncertainty bands.

  19. Post-test thermal-hydraulic analysis of two intermediate LOCA tests at the ROSA facility including uncertainty evaluation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Freixa, J.; Kim, T-W.; Manera, A. [Paul Scherrer Inst., Villigen (Switzerland)

    2011-07-01

    The OECD/NEA ROSA-2 project aims at addressing thermal-hydraulic safety issues relevant for light water reactors by building up an experimental database at the ROSA Large Scale Test Facility (LSTF). The ROSA facility simulates a PWR Westinghouse design with a four-loop configuration and a nominal power of 3423 MWth. Two intermediate break loss-of-coolant-accident (LOCA) experiments (Test 1 and 2) have been carried out during 2010. The two tests were analyzed by using the US-NRC TRACE best estimate code, employing the same nodalization previously used for the simulation of small-break LOCA experiments of the ROSA-1 program. A post-test calculation was performed for each test along with uncertainty analysis providing uncertainty bands for each relevant time trend. Uncertainties in the code modeling capabilities as well as in the initial and boundary conditions were taken into account, following the guidelines and lessons learnt through participation in the OECD/NEA BEMUSE program. Two different versions of the TRACE code were used in the analysis, providing a qualitatively good prediction of the tests. However, both versions showed deficiencies that need to be addressed. The most relevant parameters of the two experimental tests were falling within the computed uncertainty bands. (author)

  20. The Role of Leaves in Photocontrol of Flower Bud Abscission in Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L. 'Nairobi'

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Meeteren, van U.; Gelder, van A.

    2000-01-01

    When compared with exposure to darkness, exposing Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L. 'Nairobi' plants to red light (635 to 685 nm, 2.9 μmol?m-2?s-1) delayed flower bud abscission, while exposure to far-red light (705 to 755 nm, μmol?m-2?s-1) accelerated this process. Flower bud abscission in response to

  1. “Além da Mama”: o Cenário do Outubro Rosa no Aprendizado da Formação Médica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vanessa Brito Miguel Couto

    Full Text Available RESUMO O câncer de mama pode ser considerado, atualmente, um problema de saúde pública devido a sua crescente incidência e índices de letalidade. Diante disso, o movimento Outubro Rosa visa chamar a atenção da população a respeito dessas neoplasia em mulheres de todo o mundo, de modo que suas ações têm por objetivo comum realizar o diagnóstico precoce no intuito de diminuir a mortalidade em decorrência dessa neoplasia. Dessa forma, o presente artigo objetiva relatar a experiência de acadêmicos do curso de Medicina da Universidade Estadual de Santa Cruz, no Módulo de Práticas de Integração Ensino, Serviço e Comunidade III (Piesc III, numa ação conjunta com a Equipe de Saúde da Família (ESF de Iguape, em Ilhéus (BA, no contexto do movimento Outubro Rosa, objetivando também compartilhar considerações sobre a formação médica levantadas pelo grupo acerca da vivência descrita. No período, realizou-se abordagem inicial na sala de espera, anamnese dirigida e foi feito o exame físico das mamas das pacientes que compareceram à Unidade de Saúde da Família. A experiência não consistiu apenas em identificar pacientes com suspeita de câncer de mama e quantificar os dados, mas numa oportunidade de exercício da Educação e Comunicação em Saúde e de desenvolvimento da relação médico-paciente. Ainda permitiu aos acadêmicos reconhecer e entender melhor as dificuldades das usuárias em relação à prevenção e promoção da saúde das mamas, sendo que se observou que diversas mulheres não estavam familiarizadas com os temas abordados. O estudante de Medicina precisa compreender que o conhecimento teórico-prático se reconstrói em cada paciente com contexto histórico específico e com diferentes visões e interpretações dos conceitos de saúde e doença. Além disso, o profissional médico deve exercitar, desde a graduação, habilidades que extrapolam o ortodoxo trabalho médico, assumindo também uma

  2. Nutrient contributions to the Santa Barbara Channel, California, from the ephemeral Santa Clara River

    Science.gov (United States)

    Warrick, J.A.; Washburn, L.; Brzezinski, Mark A.; Siegel, D.A.

    2005-01-01

    The Santa Clara River delivers nutrient rich runoff to the eastern Santa Barbara Channel during brief (???1-3 day) episodic events. Using both river and oceanographic measurements, we evaluate river loading and dispersal of dissolved macronutrients (silicate, inorganic N and P) and comment on the biological implications of these nutrient contributions. Both river and ocean observations suggest that river nutrient concentrations are inversely related to river flow rates. Land use is suggested to influence these concentrations, since runoff from a subwatershed with substantial agriculture and urban areas had much higher nitrate than runoff from a wooded subwatershed. During runoff events, river nutrients were observed to conservatively mix into the buoyant, surface plume immediately seaward of the Santa Clara River mouth. Dispersal of these river nutrients extended 10s of km into the channel. Growth of phytoplankton and nutrient uptake was low during our observations (1-3 days following runoff), presumably due to the very low light levels resulting from high turbidity. However, nutrient quality of runoff (Si:N:P = 16:5:1) was found to be significantly different than upwelling inputs (13:10:1), which may influence different algal responses once sediments settle. Evaluation of total river nitrate loads suggests that most of the annual river nutrient fluxes to the ocean occur during the brief winter flooding events. Wet winters (such as El Nin??o) contribute nutrients at rates approximately an order-of-magnitude greater than "average" winters. Although total river nitrate delivery is considerably less than that supplied by upwelling, the timing and location of these types of events are very different, with river discharge (upwelling) occurring predominantly in the winter (summer) and in the eastern (western) channel. ?? 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  3. Physical data of soil profiles formed on late Quaternary marine terraces near Santa Cruz, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Munster, Jennie; Harden, Jennifer W.

    2002-01-01

    Margarita Sandstone. The Santa Cruz Mudstone is a thin to medium-bedded siliceous mudstone with nonsiliceous mudstone and siltstone and minor amounts of sandstone. The siliceous nature implies organic deposition in a quiescent, deep-water environment. Bedrock is mantled by 1–4 meters of medium to coarse-grained regressive beach sediment and fluvial deposits from the Ben Lomond Mountains. Terrace age increases with elevation above sea level, and weathering of primary minerals increases with age. The suite of soils formed on the terraces is referred to as a soil chronosequence. Soil chronosequences, important tools in characterizing natural weathering rates, are defined as a group of soils that differ in age and therefore in duration of weathering but have similar climatic conditions, vegetation, geomorphic position, and parent material (Jenny, 1941; Birkland, 1999). Soils are frequently useful indicators of geomorphic age (Muhs, 1982; Switzer and others, 1988) and are a function of pedogenic and/or eolian processes. Some aspects of soil development can be episodic but when viewed on large time scales can be perceived as continuous (Switzer and others, 1988). The age of the soil may be constrained by the age of the deposit, since soil formation generally commences when deposition has ceased (Birkland, 1999). Dating of the terraces provides an unprecedented opportunity to study weathering and soil-formation rates (Perg and others, 2001; Hanks and others, 1984; Bradley and Griggs, 1976; Bradley and Addicott, 1968; Bradley, 1956). Ages of the terraces recently dated by cosmogenic radionuclide are, starting with the youngest, 65, 92, 137, 139, and 226 k.y. (Perg and others, 2001). However, these ages are much younger than recent radiometric dates on mollusk shells (Muhs, U.S. Geological Survey, personal communication, 2002; Bradley and Addicott, 1968). For this study, soils were sampled on five terraces. Terrace one in the Lighthouse Field along Westcliff in Santa Cruz was the

  4. Santa Fe County Block Groups, Age by 5-Year Age Groups for Both Sexes Combined (2010)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — The once-a-decade decennial census was conducted in April 2010 by the U.S. Census Bureau. This count of every resident in the United States was mandated by Article...

  5. Remote Sensing Information Sciences Research Group, Santa Barbara Information Sciences Research Group, year 3

    Science.gov (United States)

    Estes, J. E.; Smith, T.; Star, J. L.

    1986-01-01

    Research continues to focus on improving the type, quantity, and quality of information which can be derived from remotely sensed data. The focus is on remote sensing and application for the Earth Observing System (Eos) and Space Station, including associated polar and co-orbiting platforms. The remote sensing research activities are being expanded, integrated, and extended into the areas of global science, georeferenced information systems, machine assissted information extraction from image data, and artificial intelligence. The accomplishments in these areas are examined.

  6. Santa Fe County Block Groups, Age by 5-Year Age Groups for Males (2010)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — The once-a-decade decennial census was conducted in April 2010 by the U.S. Census Bureau. This count of every resident in the United States was mandated by Article...

  7. Effects of Fruit of Rosa Canina L.Extract on the Level of Plasma Glucose in Male Diabet-Induced Rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A Mohammad Eini

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Diabetes mellitus is one of the most prevalent chronic and complex metabolic diseases of human , which hyperglycemia can be mentioned as its prominent characteristic. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the hypoglycemic effects of fruit of Rosa canina (R.c. extract in healthy and diabetic rats. Method: A total of 72 Wistar male rats were divided into six group: control,  STZ (diabetic control,  R.c. control (50 mg/kg, R.c. control (100 mg/kg and two experimental groups with 50, and 100 mg/kg of extract dose. Diabetes was induced using streptozotocine (60 mg/kg; IP, and blood collection was carried out on 0, 2 and 4 hours after the oral administration of the extracts. Results: The levels of plasma glucose were determined by spectrophotometric method. In order to statistically analyze the study data, ANOVA test was performed. There was a significant difference between groups concerning the plasma glucose concentration (P<0.0001, which the lowest concentration between diabetes groups was observed in the two experimental groups. Moreover, R.c. had a marked hypoglycemic effect on diabetes mellitus. Conclusion: R.c. extract in hyperglycemic status demands to be further studied in order to control and prevent its complications.

  8. Free radical scavenging activity of three different flowers-Hibiscus rosa-sinensis, Quisqualis indica and Senna surattensis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hazem Mohamed Mahmoud Hassan

    2016-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate three flowers of Hibiscus rosa-sinensis (H. rosa-sinensis), Quisqualis indica (Q. indica) and Senna surattensis (S. surattensis) for their antioxidant activity by different methods in addition to total phenolic, flavonoid and pigment contents. Methods: Antioxidant activity of water, ethanol and absolute ethanol extracts of three flowers; H. rosa-sinensis, Q. indica and S. surattensis was evaluated. The antioxidant activity was assessed by 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl free radical scavenging activity, ferrous chelating activity, reducing power, nitric oxide scavenging activity, hydroxyl radical scavenging activity as well as total antioxidant capacity. Total flavonoids, total phenols and total pigments including chlorophylls and carotenoids were measured for the three flowers. Results: The results showed that the highest total antioxidant capacity at concentration of 500 mg/L was found in S. surattensis as 0.479 ± 0.001. Scavenging activity of H. rosa-sinensis, Q. indica and S. surattensis flower extracts against 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl radical showed the highest activity of (90.20 ± 0.29)% with 500 mg/L. Phytochemical screening of the three flowers extracts were carried out for alkaloids, flavonoids, saponins, tannins, steroids, glycosides, terpenoids, amino acid and mucilages. H. rosa-sinensis showed the total phenolic in water extract of (235.77 ± 14.31) mg/100 g, the other two flowers Q. indica and S. surattensis had the total phenolic in ethanol ex-tracts of (937.70 ± 25.06) and (850.30 ± 13.81) mg/100 g, respectively. On the other hand total flavonoids were identified in absolute ethanol extracts in the three flowers [(32.83 ± 1.34), (49.24 ± 4.87) and (2.79 ± 0.23) mg/100 g, respectively]. Conclusions: The extracts in the constituents of the three flowers could be used as ad-ditives as supplement fractions in foods.

  9. Santa Barbara Cluster Comparison Test with DISPH

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saitoh, Takayuki R.; Makino, Junichiro

    2016-06-01

    The Santa Barbara cluster comparison project revealed that there is a systematic difference between entropy profiles of clusters of galaxies obtained by Eulerian mesh and Lagrangian smoothed particle hydrodynamics (SPH) codes: mesh codes gave a core with a constant entropy, whereas SPH codes did not. One possible reason for this difference is that mesh codes are not Galilean invariant. Another possible reason is the problem of the SPH method, which might give too much “protection” to cold clumps because of the unphysical surface tension induced at contact discontinuities. In this paper, we apply the density-independent formulation of SPH (DISPH), which can handle contact discontinuities accurately, to simulations of a cluster of galaxies and compare the results with those with the standard SPH. We obtained the entropy core when we adopt DISPH. The size of the core is, however, significantly smaller than those obtained with mesh simulations and is comparable to those obtained with quasi-Lagrangian schemes such as “moving mesh” and “mesh free” schemes. We conclude that both the standard SPH without artificial conductivity and Eulerian mesh codes have serious problems even with such an idealized simulation, while DISPH, SPH with artificial conductivity, and quasi-Lagrangian schemes have sufficient capability to deal with it.

  10. Santa Claus Schedules Jobs on Unrelated Machines

    CERN Document Server

    Svensson, Ola

    2010-01-01

    One of the classic results in scheduling theory is the 2-approximation algorithm by Lenstra, Shmoys, and Tardos for the problem of scheduling jobs to minimize makespan on unrelated machines, i.e., job j requires time p_{ij} if processed on machine i. More than two decades after its introduction it is still the algorithm of choice even in the restricted model where processing times are of the form p_{ij} in {p_j, \\infty}. This problem, also known as the restricted assignment problem, is NP-hard to approximate within a factor less than 1.5 which is also the best known lower bound for the general version. Our main result is a polynomial time algorithm that estimates the optimal makespan of the restricted assignment problem within a factor 33/17 + \\epsilon \\approx 1.9412 + \\epsilon, where \\epsilon > 0 is an arbitrary small constant. The result is obtained by upper bounding the integrality gap of a certain strong linear program, known as configuration LP, that was previously successfully used for the related Santa...

  11. Thidiazuron Triggers Morphogenesis in Rosa canina L. Protocorm-like bodies by Changing Incipient Cell Fate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kou eYaping

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Thidiazuron (N-phenyl-N'-1,2,3-thiadiazol-5-ylurea; TDZ is an artificial plant growth regulator that is widely used in plant tissue culture. Protocorm-like bodies (PLBs induced by TDZ serve as an efficient and rapid in vitro regeneration system in Rosa species. Despite this, the mechanism of PLB induction remains relatively unclear. TDZ, which can affect the level of endogenous auxins and cytokinins, converts the cell fate of rhizoid tips and triggers PLB formation and plantlet regeneration in Rosa canina L. In callus-rhizoids, which are rhizoids that co-develop from callus, auxin and a Z-type cytokinin accumulated after applying TDZ, and transcription of the auxin transporter gene RcPIN1 was repressed. The expression of RcARF4, RcRR1, RcCKX2, RcCKX3, and RcLOG1 increased in callus-rhizoids and rhizoid tips while the transcription of an auxin response factor (RcARF1 and auxin transport proteins (RcPIN2, RcPIN3 decreased in callus-rhizoids but increased in rhizoid tips. In situ hybridization of rhizoids showed that RcWUS and RcSERK1 were highly expressed in columella cells and root stem cells resulting in the conversion of cell fate into shoot apical meristems or embryogenic callus. In addition, transgenic XVE::RcWUS lines showed repressed RcWUS overexpression while RcWUS had no effect on PLB morphogenesis. Furthermore, higher expression of the root stem cell marker RcWOX5 and root stem cell maintenance regulator genes RcPLT1 and RcPLT2 indicated the presence of a dedifferentiation developmental pathway in the stem cell niche of rhizoids. Viewed together, our results indicate that different cells in rhizoid tips acquired regeneration competence after induction by TDZ. A novel developmental pathway containing different cell types during PLB formation was identified by analyzing the endogenous auxin and cytokinin content. This study also provides a deeper understanding of the mechanisms underlying in vitro regeneration in Rosa.

  12. Entrevista com Mathieu Dosse, Gian Luigi de Rosa e Michael Kegler

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andréia Guerini

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available O conjunto das três entrevistas que seguem aborda a mesma temática, isto é, aspectos de tradução/adaptação em geral e da tradução do romance Estive em Lisboa e lembrei de você de Luiz Ruffato em particular. O romance de Ruffato foi escrito em 2009, editado em Portugal (Quetzal, 2010 e traduzido para diferentes línguas, como italiano (La Nuova Frontiera, 2011, espanhol (Eterna Cadencia, 2011, francês (Chandeigne, 2015, alemão (Assoziation A, 2016 e, nos próximos meses será publicado em finlandês (Into. O livro foi adaptado para o cinema em 2015, pelo cineasta português José Barahona, sendo exibido em festivais nacionais e internacionais. As entrevistas abaixo foram feitas com os tradutores Gian Luigi De Rosa, Mathieu Dosse e Michael Kegler em 2016. Gian Luigi De Rosa (Itália/1969-- possui doutorado em “Culture e Istituzioni dei paesi di lingue iberiche in età moderna e contemporanea” e é professor de português na Universidade do Salento, em Lecce. É autor de livros e ensaios sobre língua e linguística portuguesa, literatura portuguesa e brasileira e tradução audiovisual e intersemiótica. É também responsável pela elaboração das legendas em italiano do filme Estive em Lisboa e lembrei de você. Mathieu Dosse (Brasil/1978-- é formado pela Université Paris 8, onde estudou Teoria da Tradução. Traduziu para o francês Graciliano Ramos, Luiz Ruffato e João Guimarães Rosa. Michael Kegler (Alemanha/1967-- estudou literatura brasileira e portuguesa na universidade de Frankfurt, sem concluir o curso. Trabalhou como livreiro no Centro do Livro de Língua Portuguesa, antes de se tornar tradutor literário. Traduziu para o alemão José Eduardo Agualusa, Moacyr Scliar, Luiz Ruffato, entre outros autores. Em julho de 2016, junto com Ruffato, recebeu o prêmio literário Hermann Hesse na Alemanha, pela qualidade da obra publicada em conjunto com a sua tradução.

  13. Plant Phenology and Climate Change in the Santa Cruz County

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choudhary, S.; Oshiro, J. R.; Fox, L. R.

    2014-12-01

    Phenology, or the timing of life cycle events, is affected by many variables including climate. To document phenology in grassland and sandhill habitats in Santa Cruz County, we recorded the blooming statuses of all species at 10 sites every 3-4 weeks. These sites were surveyed in the 1990's by botanist Randall Morgan, and have been resurveyed since 2012. We also recorded temperature to examine how it relates to phenology change. We have temperature records dating back to the 1980's from local weather stations, but they do not record data at vegetation height. To compare temperature at the vegetation level with weather station records, we employed data loggers at vegetation height, and recorded soil and leaf temperature. We also measured specific leaf area (SLA), or the ratio of leaf area to the dry mass, for leaves collected in the field because leaf thickness often relates to drought and heat tolerance. We examined the relationship between SLA and phenology differences between the historic and present day surveys; also between groups of species with different ecological traits, including functional group, life cycle, and natives versus non-natives. For the temperature records, preliminary results show that temperatures from the dataloggers and weather stations were significantly correlated. Soil and leaf temperatures are also correlated with data logger temperatures, though not as strongly. Preliminary results show that SLA differs between functional groups, annuals and perennials, and native and non-native species. SLA also relates to whether plants bloom earlier, later, or do not change their phenology over time. Overall, we found that it is important to use multiple sources of temperature data, and that SLA might relate to how different types of plants change their phenology with climate.

  14. The Research on the Pollen Viability of Rosa chinensis Varieties and Rosa multiflora with Different Methods%多个月季品种与蔷薇的花粉生活力研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨攀; 王升; 郭风民; 李永华

    2015-01-01

    With a total of 30 Rosa chinensis varieties and Rosa multiflora as test materials,the pollen viability was measured by staining and germination,and the varieties was graded according to the pollen germination. The result showed as follows. The germination was suitable for detecting pollen viability,the measurement with 10%sucrose concentration was suitable for the Rosa chinensis and Rosa multiflora varieties pollen germination.‘Rosa multiflora Thunb.var.platyphylla Thory’‘Darthuizer Orang Fire’‘Rosa cymos’and‘Fen He’had the higher pollen germination rate than other varieties,and the rates respectively were 84.20%,71.60%,59.20%and 54.00%,the pollen viability gradually reduced as the extension of storage time. With the pollen germination as the judgment ,Rosa chinensis and Rosa multiflora varieties were classified three grades:the pollen germination of the first grade was more than 50%,‘Rosa multiflora Thunb.var.platyphylla Thory’‘Darthuizer Orang Fire’;the second grade was between 10% and 50%‘,Pink Peace‘’Monica’;the third grade was less than 10%‘,Spectra‘’ Golden Showers’.%以30个月季品种及蔷薇属植物为试验材料,采用沙尔达考夫染色法、悬滴液发芽法测定其花粉生活力,并根据花粉萌发率对品种进行分级.结果表明:1)悬滴液发芽法更适合花粉生活力的测定,10%蔗糖浓度下适宜月季品种及蔷薇属植物的花粉萌发;2)30个月季品种和蔷薇中,花粉萌发率较高的是‘十姊妹’‘、橘红火焰’‘、小果蔷薇’和‘粉荷’,分别为84.20%、71.60%、59.20%和54.00%,花粉生活力随着时间的延长而降低;3)以花粉萌发率为判断标准,月季品种及蔷薇分为三个等级,一级品种:‘十姊妹’、‘橘红火焰’,萌发率高于50%;二级品种:‘粉和平’、‘摩尼卡’,萌发率在10%~50%;三级品种:‘光谱’、‘金阵雨’,萌发率低于10%.

  15. Rosa Luxemburgo

    OpenAIRE

    Trincado Aznar, Estrella

    2001-01-01

    Se estudia el pensamiento luxemburguiano dando especial importancia al tema económico y al de la mujer, y se comprueba como éste divergía sistemáticamente del pensamiento del ideólogo que llegaría al poder, Lenin.

  16. Rosa Luxemburgo

    OpenAIRE

    Trincado Aznar, Estrella

    2001-01-01

    Se estudia el pensamiento luxemburguiano dando especial importancia al tema económico y al de la mujer, y se comprueba como éste divergía sistemáticamente del pensamiento del ideólogo que llegaría al poder, Lenin.

  17. STUDI VARIASI UKURAN SERBUK SARI KEMBANG SEPATU (HIBISCUS ROSA-SINENSIS L. DENGAN WARNA BUNGA BERBEDA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    NI MADE DENNI APRIANTY

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study conducted to know variety of : long of axis polar, equatorial plane diameters, and P/E index of ten Kembang Sepatu (Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L. with differnt colour flowers. Acetolysis method and 1 % Safranin staining used to make pollens slides, micrometri were used to measured long of polar axis and diameter of pollens. The result of this research showed : pollen structure have: 90,10 ± 3,02 ^im to 117,42 ± 1,37 l^m axis polar long, 89,66 ± 3,13 |^m to 112,92 ± 0,94 (xm equatorial plane diameter, and 0,99 to 1,04 P/E index. Based on these data is indicated that the type of the pollen are prolat sferoidal (except bud type red corolla, and white flower polypantoporat type appertura and periporat ornamentation exine .

  18. Ascorbic acid in cultured tissue of briar rose, Rosa rugosa Thunb.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wegg, S M; Townsley, P M

    1983-04-01

    Ascorbic acid synthesis was studied using suspension cultured cells from the fleshy portion of the fruit of the rose, Rosa rugosa Thunb. Cells cultured in the dark contained ascorbic acid at a level of 13 mg/100 g wet wt. This value increased several fold when the cells were grown under light. Ascorbic acid does not accumulate in the growth medium possibly due to its rapid oxidation. L-galactono-1,4-lactone was readily converted to ascorbic acid whereas L-gulono-1,4-lactone was used to a much lesser degree. D-glucose, D-fructose, D-galactose. D-glucurono-1,4-lactone and myoinositol did not stimulate increased ascorbic acid synthesis. Reducing the sucrose content of the medium reduced the ascorbic acid content of the cells without altering cell yield.

  19. Characterization of five phyllosphere bacteria isolated from Rosa rugosa leaves, and their phenotypic and metabolic properties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hashidoko, Yasuyuki; Itoh, Eriko; Yokota, Kentaro; Yoshida, Tadashi; Tahara, Satoshi

    2002-11-01

    Five gram-negative bacteria, all of which were Enterobacteriaceae, were isolated from the phyllosphere of green or senescing leaves of Rosa rugosa, and their phenotypic and physiological characteristics were examined. Partial 16S rDNA sequences led to identification of these isolates as Pantoea agglomerans, Klebsiella terrigena, Erwinia rhapontici, and two strains of Rahnella aquatilis. Interestingly, these phyllosphere bacteria had certain phenotypic and physiological convergences, while they showed their own metabolic properties toward phenolic compounds of plant origin. In particular, the two Ra. aquatilis isolates from the green leaves had a substrate-inducible gallate decarboxylase activity in the resting cells that had been cultured in 1 mM gallic acid- or protocatechuic acid-containing medium. The other three isolates from the senescing leaves did not have this enzyme activity. Simple phenolics that the Ra. aquatilis decarboxylatively produced from benzoic acid derivatives had better antimicrobial activities than those of the substrates.

  20. Gel state of the fictional body in Mario Bellatin’s 'Rosa Canina' and "Flores"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabel Jasinski

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Mario Bellatin creates a peculiar "space of sense" in fiction, related to the visual and per­formatic expressions of language. So, his literary project presents writing as body language, a terri­tory of significance constantly deterritorialized by sensations connected to the narrative game, with images and symbols in the literary actions. A sense of creative destruction constitutes the paradox expressed by fiction as body and by the body as fiction, in what we call Bellatin’s "nomadic writing", by means of the abnormality of the characters, their sexuality and religiosity, as one can note in Flo­res (2000, especially in "Rosa canina", published online by Cosac Naify in 2009. The position adopted by the protagonist in this work seems to indicate a specific "regime of signification”, as Josefina Ludmer puts it, according to which art and reality, fiction and biography blur their borders in a “gel state exchange”.

  1. Micropropagation from cultured nodal explants of rose (Rosa hybrida L. cv. ‘Perfume Delight’

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kamnoon Kanchanapoom

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available A method for the micropropagation of rose (Rosa hybrida L. cv. ‘Perfume Delight’ was developed. First to fifth nodal explants from young healthy shoots were excised and cultured on basal medium of Murashige and Skoog (1962, MS containing several concentrations of BA and NAA. Multiple shoot formation of up to 3 shoots was obtained on MS medium supplemented with 3 mg/l BA and 0.003 mg/l NAA. Shoot readily rooted on ¼MS medium devoid of growth regulators.Rooted plantlets were hardened and established in pots at 100% survival. In vitro flowering was observed on rose plantscultured on MS medium containing 3 mg/l BA and 0.003 mg/l NAA.

  2. 黄可迪:我和我的Sub Rosa Jewelry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Coco Z

    2014-01-01

    Sub Rosa Jewelry品牌名称来源于拉丁文.意思是玫瑰之下.拉丁语系中表示秘密的约定。在黄可迪决定做自己的Sub Rosa珠宝定制品牌之前思考了这样一个问题人们为什么要佩戴珠宝饰品?为了更加美丽?还是为了炫耀财富?除去装饰及彰显身份的作用外.是否还有其他深层原因?

  3. Rosa Luxemburg’s Reform or Revolution in the Twenty-first Century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helen Scott

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Rosa Luxemburg lived in a time and place very unlike our own. She was part of a mass labour movement with revolutionary socialist politics at its core, during a period when world socialist revolution was a tangible prospect. At the start of the 21st century the United States labour movement is at a historic low point, organized socialist politics lacks a mass working class base, and capitalism brings crisis, war, and environmental destruction across the globe. But nonetheless across the United States, labour activists are confronting the corporate union model with class struggle unionism based on rank and file independence and left politics. Luxemburg’s Reform and Revolution, written at a high point of socialist struggle, contains invaluable lessons for this new generation of activists as they confront the political and organizational challenges of the day.

  4. Yağ Gülü (Rosa damascena Mill'nde Mutasyon Islahı

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hasan BAYDAR

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Mutation breeding is one of the ways to create genetic variation of oil rose, as in other species. In the present study, it is aimed to develop superior mutants in terms of mophological, agronomic and quality characteristic compare to the oil rose. Oil rose fruits (Rosa damascena Mill. were harvested and seeds were extracted in 2007. 1000 seeds were irradiated with 0, 100, 200, 300, 400 Gry doses of the cobalt 60 gamma-ray in Atomic Energy Agency, Ankara, Turkey. Irradiated seeds were stratified at 4oC for 3 month and planted to viols on March in 2008. Seedlings applied 0, 100, 200 Gry doses were transferred to pots in 2008 and were planted to field on March in 2010. Mutant oil roses showed wide genetic variation for flower color (from darker pink to white, petal number (from 5 to 90 and flowering period (M1 generation in 2011

  5. Plant regeneration of transgenic China Rose (Rosa chinensis Jacq.) from organogenic callus

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chen Ji-ren; Liu Rong; Chen Shou-yi; Wang Hua-fang

    2006-01-01

    Different types of explants of China Rose (Rosa chinensis Jacq.) were placed on a Schenk and Hildebrandi (SH) medium containing L-proline and 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacefic acid (2,4-D). Organogenesis was observed on callus induced from both whole leaf and petiole and the high frequency of organogenesis was observed on the whole leaf. Shoot regeneration was obtained via organogenesis. The effects of pH and concentrations of antibiotics on maintenance of organogenesis capacity were investigated in subsequent subcultures. The pH value was found to play a critical role in retaining organogenesis capacity. The binary vector pBI121,carrying the gus gene coding for β-glucuronidase (GUS) and the npt Ⅱ gene mediated by Agrobacterium tumefaciens, was used for transformation of organogenic callus using 50 mg·L-1 geneficin for selection. Six regenerated lines showed GUS activity, of which five were verified for the presence of npt Ⅱ gene by PCR.

  6. 0 Dizer-Verdadeiro: Analise Narrativa de"Desenredo.:conto de Guimaraes Rosa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diana Luz Pessoa de Barros

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Retoma-se, neste artigo, um exercicio de analise narrative do conto Desenredo l , de Guimaraas Rosa, realizado com a finalidade didatica de ilustrar, em s.ale de aula, passes, possibilidades e interesse do exame da organizacao narrative de textos da "grande literatura". A analise obedece aos principios da teoria semiotics do discurso, tal coma vem sendo desenvolvida pelo Grupo de Investigações Sêmio-Lingüísticas, sob a direç]aoo de A.J. Greimas. Da teoria, serão retomados aqui apenas dois principios gerais: o de percurso gerativo do sentido, necessário para situar o nível de análise da narrativa, e a definçãoo mesma da narratividade.

  7. Investigation of Polyhenolic Content of Rose Hip (Rosa canina L. Tea Extracts: A Comparative Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zeynep İlbay

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Three different brands of Rose hip (Rosa canina L. tea were extracted with water, ethanol (EtOH, methanol (MeOH, and aqueous mixtures (50%, v/v by ultrasound-assisted extraction (UAE and Soxhlet methods. Total phenolic content was determined according to the Folin-Ciocalteu method. The results were presented by means of the extract yields and total phenolic contents, expressed in gallic acid equivalent (GAE per g of dried matter (DM. The greatest amount of extract observed in tea samples was obtained by UAE through water with the value of 619.37 ± 0.58 mg/g DM. Regarding the phenolic content, the best result was achieved by the Soxhlet method through 50% MeOH mixture (59.69 ± 0.89 mg GAE/g DM, followed by the UAE method with water (48.59 ± 0.29 mg GAE/g DM.

  8. El retorno como patrimonio en la obra de María Rosa Lojo

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    Broullón Acuña, Esmeralda

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the legacy return from exile in the Spanish-Argentinean sons. Memory, identity and return migration are the axes that structure a text that takes as its starting point the narrative hispanic-argentina contemporary culture. This is a space exploration about identity like work of the exile individual. One of the most representative researchers in the historic-literary is Maria Rosa Lojo. The writer keeps alive the memory of the return about exiles. But we analyze the mythological story through his first novel, «Son lost in Buenos Aires to west», and the presence of this subject throughout her work.El siguiente artículo examina la configuración del retorno heredado en los hijos del exilio hispanoargentino. Identidad, memoria y retorno son los ejes que estructuran un texto que toma como punto de partida la cultura narrativa hispanoargentina contemporánea. Ésta se erige en un espacio explorativo sobre la identidad, en cuanto a tarea ontológica del sujeto transterrado. Por ello nos centramos en una de las investigadoras más representativas del panorama histórico-literario argentino como es María Rosa Lojo. Su imaginario se asienta sobre la memoria del retorno y su transmisión patrimonial. Si bien analizaremos dicha concepción mitológica a través de la trama de su primera novela: «Canción perdida en Buenos Aires al oeste» y la confluencia de esta temática en su trayectoria.

  9. Effects of Harvest Times on the Fatty Acids Composition of Rose Hip (Rosa sp. Seeds

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet Güneş

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available This study was conducted to determine the change of fatty acids ratios of some rose hip species seeds in different harvest times. Seeds of five genotypes belonging to rose hip species (Rosa sp. were used in the study. The fruits of species were harvested in six different ripening times and analyzed. Total oil analysis was performed for the fifth harvest only, which was determined as the optimal harvest time. As a result; total oil ratio of rose hip seeds varied as 5.22 and 6.62 g/100g respectively for accessions of Rosa dumalis (MR-12 and MR-15, 6.37 g/100g for R. canina (MR-26, 5.00 g/100g for R. dumalis ssp. boissieri (MR-46 and 5.29 g/100g for R. villosa (MR-84. Eleven fatty acids were determined in rose hip seeds. Among these fatty acids linoleic, oleic, linolenic, palmitic and stearic acids respectively had high ratio. Saturated fatty acids ratio (SFAs was the highest in R. canina (MR-26 and the lowest in R. dumalis (MR-12; monounsaturated fatty acids ratio (MUFAs was the highest in R. dumalis (MR-12 and the lowest in R. dumalis ssp. boissieri (MR-46; polyunsaturated fatty acids ratio (PUFAs was the highest in R. dumalis ssp. boissieri (MR-46 and the lowest in R. dumalis (MR-12. Mono and polyunsaturated fatty acid contents obtained in this study was high; the change of fatty acid profile in the studied species in relation to harvest time was significant for some species and insignificant for others. A conclusion was reached that it is important to pay attention to qualitative and quantitative properties of seeds when conducting studies about rose hip improvement.

  10. COD and Color Removal from Textile Wastewater Using Rosa damascena Watering Waste Ash

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rabbani D.1 PhD,

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Aims Several methods have been used for textile wastewater treatment. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficiency of Rosa damascena watering waste ash for COD and color removal from textile wastewater. Materials & Methods Rose watering waste was gathered from one of the Kashan processing plants. The raw wastewater sample was taken from one of the textile industries in Kashan countryside. All experiments were run in the fixed volume (1L of textile wastewater, contact times (15, 30, 45, 60, 75, and 90min, pHs (3, 5, 7, and 9 and different doses of rose watering waste (500, 1000, 2000, and 4000mg at the room temperature (25°C. Moreover, biosorption kinetic studies for COD were done using the pseudo first and pseudo second order models. Findings The amount of COD and color removal were increased by contact time increasing from 15 to 60min and the maximum removal of COD (50.3% and color (31.4% were seen at minute 60. Therefore, the contact time of 60min was chosen as the optimum contact time for the first step. The maximum amount of COD (51.9% and color (32.9% removal were seen at pH=5 and biosorbent dose of 2000mg. Changes at pH and biosorbent dose had significant effects (p<0.05 on amount of COD and color removal. Conclusion The optimum condition for removing COD and color from textile wastewater is at contact time 60min, pH=5 and biosorbent dose of 2000mg. Rosa damascena watering waste ash was more effective on the COD removal than the color.

  11. Development and evaluation of Ketoprofen sustained release matrix tablet using Hibiscus rosa-sinensis leaves mucilage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Kaleemullah

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Currently, the use of natural gums and mucilage is of increasing importance in pharmaceutical formulations as valuable drug excipient. Natural plant-based materials are economic, free of side effects, biocompatible and biodegradable. Therefore, Ketoprofen matrix tablets were formulated by employing Hibiscus rosa-sinensis leaves mucilage as natural polymer and HPMC (K100M as a synthetic polymer to sustain the drug release from matrix system. Direct compression method was used to develop sustained released matrix tablets. The formulated matrix tablets were evaluated in terms of physical appearance, weight variation, thickness, diameter, hardness, friability and in vitro drug release. The difference between the natural and synthetic polymers was investigated concurrently. Matrix tablets developed from each formulation passed all standard physical evaluation tests. The dissolution studies of formulated tablets revealed sustained drug release up to 24 h compared to the reference drug Apo Keto® SR tablets. The dissolution data later were fitted into kinetic models such as zero order equation, first order equation, Higuchi equation, Hixson Crowell equation and Korsmeyer-Peppas equation to study the release of drugs from each formulation. The best formulations were selected based on the similarity factor (f2 value of 50% and more. Through the research, it is found that by increasing the polymers concentration, the rate of drug release decreased for both natural and synthetic polymers. The best formulation was found to be F3 which contained 40% Hibiscus rosa-sinensis mucilage polymer and showed comparable dissolution profile to the reference drug with f2 value of 78.03%. The release kinetics of this formulation has shown to follow non-Fickian type which involved both diffusion and erosion mechanism. Additionally, the statistical results indicated that there was no significant difference (p > 0.05 between the F3 and reference drug in terms of MDT and

  12. DIVERSIDAD GENÉTICA DE ROSA DE JAMAICA EN GUATEMALA REVELADA POR MARCADORES AFLP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karla Melina Ponciano-Samayoa

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Diversidad genética de rosa de jamaica en Guatemala revelada por marcadores AFLP. El objetivo de este estudio fue caracterizar la diversidad genética existente en una colección de diecisiete genotipos de rosa de jamaica cultivados en Guatemala. Durante el período julio 2010/mayo2011, en el Instituto de Ciencia y Tecnología Agrícolas (ICTA se amplifi caron doce combinaciones selectivas AFLP de las cuales cinco fueron altamente informativas. Se observó un 98% de loci polimórfi cos, con un promedio de nueve por amplifi cación selectiva. Se estableció que no hay genotipos duplicados en la colección. El análisis de agrupamientos y de correspondencia identifi có tres grupos muy cercanos entre sí. El cuarto grupo fue conformado por la accesión 205 que se caracteriza por ser muy precoz y tener alto rendimiento respecto al resto. Los agrupamientos formados coincidieron con los conglomerados identifi cados en la caracterización agromorfológica realizada a la colección según su precocidad, días a cosecha y rendimiento. Es probable que exista un ligamiento entre AFLPs y loci de características cuantitativas, que puede ser aprovechado en selección asistida por marcadores. La diversidad genética (Nei fue alta (0,3053 de la cual el 57,62% se debió a la diferenciación entre grupos (GST. La variación genética dentro de los grupos fue menor (42,38% y probablemente se debe al bajo fl ujo genético (Nm=0,3678 que hay en una especie autógama.

  13. La granitula de la Santa du Niolu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Davia Benedetti

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract – IT   Quale modalità sociale fonda la pratica di una danza rituale pre-cristiana, la granitula, in occasione della festa annuale della Santa nel Niolo, in Corsica? Questa danza vi perdura nel quadro di un pellegrinaggio istituito sulla base di un racconto leggendario, in commemorazione della natività della Vergine. Essa è associata a una cerimonia religiosa e a una fiera. Consiste in una marcia a spirale a doppio senso, scandita da canti e condotta dai membri delle confraternite. La granitula ha rilievo nel campo etno-scenologico con la trasposizione corporea di immagini del labirinto, dell'origine e del sé. Simboleggia il corpo sociale corso e il suo senso d'appartenenza regionale e paesana. Coloro che la eseguono entrano in coesione con la comunità corsa. Fanno corpo con essa per proiettare nel vivere comune della società la loro assicurazione di uscita da ogni labirinto grazie a una prassi solidare, al rinserrare dei legami comunitari e a un adattamento identitario ai cambiamenti. Abstract – FR Quelle sociabilité fonde la pratique d’une danse rituelle antechrétienne, la granitula, lors de la fête annuelle de la Santa dans le Niolu, en Corse? Cette danse y perdure dans le cadre d’un pèlerinage établi sur un récit légendaire, en commémoration de la nativité de la Vierge. Elle est associée à une cérémonie religieuse catholique et à une foire. Elle consiste en une marche spiralée à double sens, scandée par des chants et exécutée par les membres des confréries. La granitula relève du champ de l’ethnoscénologie avec une mise en corps des figures du labyrinthe, de l’origine et du même. Elle symbolise le corps social corse et ses sentiments d’appartenance régionale et villageoise. Ses exécutants entrent en cohésion avec la communauté corse. Ils font corps avec elle pour projeter dans le vivre ensemble sociétal leur assurance de la sortie de tout labyrinthe par une pratique des solidarit

  14. The 2 MW Santa Clara Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eichenberger, Paul H.

    The City of Santa Clara, CA, USA, has hosted the world's first field demonstration of a molten carbonate fuel cell power plant. This US$46 million, 2 MW generator was a joint effort of five US utilities, the federal government, and two US research organizations. The demonstration used sixteen 125 kW stacks placed in four modules. The balance of plant (BOP) is the equipment that prepares and supplies the fuel to the stacks and converts the d.c. current to a.c. BOP construction started in April 1994, and was completed in June 1995. The BOP configuration allowed testing and development before installation of the four modules. The final full-temperature test was completed in February 1996. The four fuel cell modules were installed and cured, and power delivery began in April 1996. The plant operated for approximately 720 h at design output before electrical anomalies occurred and the plant was shut down for repairs. The plant restarted in August, but it soon became obvious that other problems had been caused by the electrical anomalies. The plant shut down and was reconfigured to a 1 MW plant. The restarted plant was ramped to 1 MW, but additional problems began to occur and the plant demonstration ended. The plant produced 2500 MWh, and operated at 1000°F, or higher, for over 5290 h. The plant set operational records, and demonstrated multistack, automatic control, and stable-field operation. Power quality met all standards with no measurable NOx or SOx output. The plant isolated itself from the grid during two major California, USA grid outages. The plant also experienced a shutdown of the automatic control system, and placed itself on hot standby using the mechanical field systems. The plant then restarted without incident.

  15. Colesterolemia, trigliceridemia e excesso de peso em escolares de Santa Maria, RS, Brasil Blood lipids abnormalities and overweight prevalence in students of Santa Maria, RS, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cláudia Cruz Lunardi

    2010-08-01

    city of Santa Maria, RS, conducted on the second semester of 2005. Total cholesterol levels (TC, fractions of cholesterol (HDL- C and LDL- C, triglycerides (TG and nutritional status were determined. RESULTS: The prevalence of hypercholesterolemia, hypertriglicemia and overweight found were 4.7%, 8.9% and 20.7%, respectively. There was no significant difference between sexes or public and private schools. The overweight children presented higher prevalence of lipid alterations. CONCLUSION: The prevalence of lipid alterations may be considered low, but the prevalence of overweight among the students of Santa Maria was high, demonstrating hence the importance of public policies and the need for pediatric assistance at this age group. The aims here would be early diagnosis, especially for nutritional advising and stimulus for physical activities, since overweight and blood lipid abnormalities have been pointed out as risk factors for cardiovascular diseases.

  16. EDUCAÇÃO E ETNICIDADE NA REGIÃO DE SANTA CRUZ DO SUL- RS. EDUCATION AND ETHNICITY IN THE REGION OF SANTA CRUZ DO SUL - RS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mozart Linhares da Silva

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste artigo é analisar as relações entre educação, etnicidade e mobilidade social em região de colonização alemã no Rio Grande do Sul, sobretudo em Santa Cruz do Sul, Brasil, cidade com forte discurso identitário germânico. Em que pese ser uma cidade caracterizada pelo germanismo, o que se constatou nas pesquisas até aqui realizadas, abrangendo os últimos seis anos, é que a região em questão possui significativa população de não-brancos, embora invisibilizada socialmente e excluída do processo de pertencimento identitário da comunidade regional. As pesquisas realizadas nas escolas municipais, estaduais e privadas na região de Santa Cruz do Sul permitem uma análise pontual das relações entre a educação e a imobilidade social, cujo resultado pode ser avaliado na dinâmica da visibilidade/invisibilidade identitária e processos de exclusão comunitário destes grupos, nomeadamente dos afrodescendentes.The objective of this article is to analyze the relations among education, ethnicity and social mobility in the region of German colonization in Rio Grande do Sul, and mainly in Santa Cruz do Sul, Brazil, a city with strong German identity speech. Taking into consideration that it is a city characterized by Germanism, what was observed in the researches accomplished until now, including the last six years, is that the region in question has a significant population of non-white people, though socially invisible and excluded from the identitary inclusion process of the region community. The researches that were carried out in the private and public – municipal and state – schools in the region of Santa Cruz do Sul permit sharp analysis of the relations between education and social immobility, which result can be evaluated in the identitary visibility/invisibility dynamic and processes of community exclusion of those groups, nominally of Afro-descendants.

  17. Santa Elena. Ready to reshape its transport energy matrix

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moreano, Hernan [Universidad Estatal Peninsula de Santa Elena (Ecuador). Inst. de Investigacion Cientifica y Desarrollo Tecnologico (INCYT)

    2012-07-01

    The renewable energy issue opens the door to an ambient of opportunities. Santa Elena, one of the coastal provinces of Ecuador has the chance to go from a fossil fuel energy culture to a new energy scheme based on the use of environmental friendly fuels like natural gas and other renewable energy carriers like hydrogen. The marginal production of oil and natural gas from the Gustavo Galindo Velasco field and the updated gas reserves from the Gulf of Guayaquil make it possible. Infrastructure for natural gas production and distribution for vehicles is almost ready and any of the three refineries can generate hydrogen from natural gas. This provides the opportunity to reshape the Santa Elena transport energy matrix, where vehicles can burn natural gas and inter country buses can work with hydrogen. Traditional Fishing boats can be fitted with hydrogen storage and fuel systems later on. Santa Elena should face this challenge through a joint effort of public and private parties. Santa Elena State University and its partners as a focus point to create: The Campus of Energy Knowledge, where research, science and technology will serve companies that work in the energy business with a strong synergy, which will create jobs for the Santa Elena people. (orig.)

  18. Santa Fe Alliance for Science: The First Eight Years

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eisenstein, Robert A.

    2013-04-01

    The Santa Fe Alliance for Science (SFAFS) was founded in May, 2005. SFAFS exists to provide assistance in K-14 math and science education in the greater Santa Fe area. It does this via extensive programs (1) in math and science tutoring at Santa Fe High School, Santa Fe Community College and to a lesser degree at other schools, (2) science fair advising and judging, (3) its ``Santa Fe Science Cafe for Young Thinkers'' series, (4) a program of professional enrichment for K-12 math and science teachers, and (5) a fledging math intervention program in middle school math. Well over 150 STEM professionals, working mostly as volunteers, have contributed since our beginning. Participation by students, parents and teachers has increased dramatically over the years, leading to much more positive views of math and science, especially among elementary school students and teachers. Support from the community and from local school districts has been very strong. I will present a brief status report on SFAFS activities, discuss some of the lessons learned along the way and describe briefly some ideas for the future. More information can be found at the SFAFS website, www.sfafs.org.

  19. Inhibitory Effect of Rosa rugosa Tea Extract on the Formation of Heterocyclic Amines in Meat Patties at Different Temperatures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muneer Ahmed Jamali

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In previous studies, heterocyclic amines (HCAs have been identified as carcinogenic and a risk factor for human cancer. Therefore, the present study was designed to identify bioactive natural products capable of controlling the formation of HCAs during cooking. For this purpose we have evaluated the effect of Rosa rugosa tea extract (RTE on the formation of HCAs in ground beef patties fried at 160 °C or 220 °C. RTE is rich in phenolic compounds and capable of inhibiting the formation of free radicals. The pyrido[3,4-b]indole (norharman and 1-methyl-9H-pyrido[3,4-b]indole (harman contents were significantly (p < 0.05 decreased in RTE-treated patties at 220 °C. 9H-3-Amino-1-methyl-5H-pyrido[4,3-b]indole acetate (Trp-P-2 and 3-amino-1,4-dimethyl-5H-pyrido-[4,3-b]indole acetate (Trp-P-1 were not detected at 160 °C and were statistically (p < 0.01 reduced at 220 °C compared to the control. RTE remarkably inhibited the formation of 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP at 220 °C (p < 0.001 and at 160 °C (p < 0.05. 2-Amino-9H-pyrido[2,3-b]indole (AαC and 2-amino-3-methyl-9H-pyrido[2,3-b]-indole (MeAαC were only detected in the control group at 160 °C but were comparatively (p > 0.05 similar in the control and treated groups at 220 °C. 2-Amino-3-methylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoline (IQ, 2-amino-3,4-dimethylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoline (MeIQ, 2-amino-3,8-dimethylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoxaline (MeIQx, and 2-amino-3,4,8-trimethylimidazo[4,5-f]-quinoxaline (4,8-DiMeIQx were not detected in any sample. Total HCAs were positively correlated with cooking loss. In the RTE-treated groups, 75% of the total HCAs were decreased at 160 °C and 46% at 220 °C, suggesting that RTE is effective at both temperatures and can be used during cooking at high temperatures to lessen the amount of HCAs formed.

  20. Reingeniería de la bioseguridad y protección laboral en el dispensario Santa Rosa – 2 de quijos del seguro social campesino (SSC), parroquia Santa Rosa, Cantón el Chaco, Provincia de el Napo, Ecuador

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Se sabe que las normas de bioseguridad, son medidas de prevención, precaución y de comportamiento rutinario que deben tener presente los profesionales de la salud en la atención del usuario, para evitar contaminarse, contaminar al usuario y al medio ambiente. La finalidad de esta investigación es el mejoramiento integral en los procesos de bioseguridad en el Dispensario, haciendo énfasis en el área de Odontología; a través de una Reingeniería en Bioseguridad y Protección Laboral aplicada dent...